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Sample records for sante annual deductible

  1. HEALTH INFO SANTE ANNUAL DEDUCTIBLE AND REIMBURSEMENT CLAIMS: HINTS FOR USE

    CERN Multimedia

    1999-01-01

    Information from the CHIS Board and the Personnel DivisionOne should bear in mind that the annual deductible is an amount (currently CHF 100) charged automatically by the Administrator of the scheme for every adult aged 18 and above. This is what happens: The amount is deducted annually for all medical services received over a calendar year.It is triggered by the date of the treatment and not by the date of the bill nor that of the reimbursement claim.In other words, if you receive medical treatment in December for the first time in a given year, the CHF 100 will be deducted from the claim for that treatment. So, except for urgent cases, it would be better to wait till the following month, thus avoiding one annual deductible.It is also worth remembering that the cost of processing our reimbursement claims - and there were 55, 000 in 1998 - is part of the cost of our insurance.Help keep administrative costs down : do not submit reimbursement claims for amounts less than the annual deductible unless your claims...

  2. HEALTH INFO SANTÉ – REMINDER ANNUAL DEDUCTIBLE AND REIMBURSEMENT CLAIMS HINTS FOR USE

    CERN Multimedia

    CHIS Board

    2000-01-01

    Information from the CHIS Board and the Human Resources Division:Annual deductible and reimbursement claims: hints for useOne should bear in mind that the annual deductible is an amount (currently CHF 100) charged automatically by the Administrator of the scheme for every adult aged 18 and above. This is what happens: The amount is deducted annually for all medical services received over a calendar year.It is triggered by the date of the treatment and neither by the date of the bill nor that of the reimbursement claim.In other words, if you receive medical treatment in December for the first time in a given year, the CHF 100 will be deducted from the claim for that treatment. So, except for urgent cases, it would be better to wait till the following month, thus avoiding one annual deductible.It is also worth remembering that the cost of processing our reimbursement claims - and there were 54, 000 in 1999 - is part of the cost of our insurance.Help keep administrative costs down: do not submit reimbursement cl...

  3. 2003 annual report. Information and health, defense, energy; Rapport annuel 2003. Information et sante, defense, energie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2004-07-01

    This document is the 2003 annual report of the French atomic energy commission (CEA). It presents, first, the main highlights of the research activity of the CEA in three domains: the national defense (the Simulation program and the share of the technical means with the scientific community, the nuclear warheads, the nuclear propulsion, the cleansing of the Rhone valley facilities, the monitoring of treaties respect and the fight against proliferation and terrorism; the energy: the researches on nuclear wastes, the optimization of industrial nuclear systems, the innovations devoted to future nuclear systems, the new energy-related technologies, the basic energy research; the technologies devoted to information and health: micro- and nano-technologies, the software technologies, the basic research. It presents also the main research facilities opened to the community of scientific and industrial users, the training activities, partnerships, agreements and the improvements made in the general organization of the CEA: scientific evaluation, planning, optimization, manpower, international relations, communication, risk management, certification, radiation protection and environmental monitoring. The financial data are added at the end of the document. (J.S.)

  4. Deductive Puzzling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wanko, Jeffrey J.

    2010-01-01

    To help fifth- through eighth-grade students develop their deductive reasoning skills, the author used a ten-week supplementary curriculum so that students could answer logic questions. The curriculum, a series of lessons built around language-independent logic puzzles, has been used in classrooms of fifth through eighth grades. In most cases,…

  5. Deductive biocomputing.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jeff Shrager

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: As biologists increasingly rely upon computational tools, it is imperative that they be able to appropriately apply these tools and clearly understand the methods the tools employ. Such tools must have access to all the relevant data and knowledge and, in some sense, "understand" biology so that they can serve biologists' goals appropriately and "explain" in biological terms how results are computed. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: We describe a deduction-based approach to biocomputation that semiautomatically combines knowledge, software, and data to satisfy goals expressed in a high-level biological language. The approach is implemented in an open source web-based biocomputing platform called BioDeducta, which combines SRI's SNARK theorem prover with the BioBike interactive integrated knowledge base. The biologist/user expresses a high-level conjecture, representing a biocomputational goal query, without indicating how this goal is to be achieved. A subject domain theory, represented in SNARK's logical language, transforms the terms in the conjecture into capabilities of the available resources and the background knowledge necessary to link them together. If the subject domain theory enables SNARK to prove the conjecture--that is, to find paths between the goal and BioBike resources--then the resulting proofs represent solutions to the conjecture/query. Such proofs provide provenance for each result, indicating in detail how they were computed. We demonstrate BioDeducta by showing how it can approximately replicate a previously published analysis of genes involved in the adaptation of cyanobacteria to different light niches. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: Through the use of automated deduction guided by a biological subject domain theory, this work is a step towards enabling biologists to conveniently and efficiently marshal integrated knowledge, data, and computational tools toward resolving complex biological queries.

  6. Diagrams of natural deductions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Popov, S V

    1982-01-01

    The concept of natural deductions was investigated by the author in his analysis of the complexity of deductions in propositional computations (1975). Here some natural deduction systems are considered, and an analytical procedure proposed which results in a deduction diagram for each system. Each diagram takes the form of an orientated, charge graph, features of which can be used to establish the equivalence of classes of deductions. For each of the natural deduction systems considered, a system of equivalent transformation schemes is derived, which is complete with respect to the given definition of equivalence. 2 references.

  7. Semiotic labelled deductive systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nossum, R.T. [Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine, London (United Kingdom)

    1996-12-31

    We review the class of Semiotic Models put forward by Pospelov, as well as the Labelled Deductive Systems developed by Gabbay, and construct an embedding of Semiotic Models into Labelled Deductive Systems.

  8. Sant / Jakob Tamm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tamm, Jakob

    2003-01-01

    Sisu: Sant ; Kepitükk ; Kask ; Kõrts ; Sulase mõte ; Surm ; Ahervars ; Orjakivi ; Odavad orjad : [Eesti rahva muinasjutt] ; Kaks püssipauku : [keskaja muinasjutt] ; Ulli allik ; Ussipealik : [muinasjutt] ; Ussi hari ; Varjatud varandus ; Hundi loomine : [rahvajutt] ; Röövli heategu ; Õnn ; Orjavaim ; Ema-armastus ; Isa õpetus ; Moksi Jõõva ; Puugi kinnipanek ; Õnnevalamine ; Suits Ebavere mäel ; Eksituses ; Sikk ; Kodukäija ; Kurja küüsis ; Rongatsi Mats ; Kõrtsi ees ; Rehetuli : [rahvanali] ; Ilm on suur : [rahvanali] ; Lüpsik

  9. Deductibles in health insurance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dimitriyadis, I.; Öney, Ü. N.

    2009-11-01

    This study is an extension to a simulation study that has been developed to determine ruin probabilities in health insurance. The study concentrates on inpatient and outpatient benefits for customers of varying age bands. Loss distributions are modelled through the Allianz tool pack for different classes of insureds. Premiums at different levels of deductibles are derived in the simulation and ruin probabilities are computed assuming a linear loading on the premium. The increase in the probability of ruin at high levels of the deductible clearly shows the insufficiency of proportional loading in deductible premiums. The PH-transform pricing rule developed by Wang is analyzed as an alternative pricing rule. A simple case, where an insured is assumed to be an exponential utility decision maker while the insurer's pricing rule is a PH-transform is also treated.

  10. Mercado municipal en Sant Quirze

    OpenAIRE

    Redondo Díez, Laura

    2010-01-01

    El proyecto satisface la necesidad de un Mercado Municipal en Sant Quirze. Situado en el actual recinto ferial del pueblo, el parque de la Betzuca, un punto céntrico cerca del casco antiguo y de las nuevas urbanizaciones. Las condiciones del lugar enriquecen el proyecto permitiendo usos múltiples muy adecuados a cada banda del solar: zona de mercado, galerías exteriores, supermercado, guardería, restaurante y bares vinculados a la zona del río, almacenes, zonas de carga y descarga y un gra...

  11. Centre de Recherches du Service de Sante des Armees. 1977 scientific works

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The annual report, where the scientific works of the Centre de Recherches du Service de Sante des Armees (CRSSA) carried on during 1977 are summarized as short notes, is presented. The following topics are particularly studied: biological and chemical changes induced by external irradiation; combined effects of irradiation and surgery, irradiation and burns; radioprotective substances; radiotoxicology; radiocontamination [fr

  12. THE WORLD OF TAx DEDUCTIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexei V. Dujov

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available In this article a study and methodological foundations of the structure of taxes and fees. Disclosed the concept of elements of tax and duty. Focuses on the nature of the concept of «tax deduction». Provides legal and the author’s interpretation of the term «tax deduction». Examples of application of a tax deduction in the value-added tax and the tax to incomes of physical persons. the conclusions about the multilateral nature of the tax deduction.

  13. The deductive spreadsheet

    CERN Document Server

    Cervesato, Iliano

    2013-01-01

    This book describes recent multidisciplinary research at the confluence of the fields of logic programming, database theory and human-computer interaction. The goal of this effort was to develop the basis of a deductive spreadsheet, a user productivity application that allows users without formal training in computer science to make decisions about generic data in the same simple way they currently use spreadsheets to make decisions about numerical data. The result is an elegant design supported by the most recent developments in the above disciplines.The first half of the book focuses on the

  14. 42 CFR 417.158 - Payroll deductions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Payroll deductions. 417.158 Section 417.158 Public....158 Payroll deductions. Each employing entity that provides payroll deductions as a means of paying... employee's contribution, if any, to be paid through payroll deductions. [59 FR 49841, Sept. 30, 1994] ...

  15. 2004 annual report. Defense, safety, energy, information, health. CEA in the center of big European challenges; Rapport annuel 2004. Defense, securite, energie, information, sante. Le CEA au coeur des grands defis europeens

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2005-07-01

    This document is the 2004 annual report of the French atomic energy commission (CEA). It presents the R and D activities of the CEA in three main domains: 1 - defense and safety, maintaining perenniality of nuclear dissuasion and nuclear safety: supplying nuclear weapons to armies, maintaining dissuasion capability with the simulation program, sharing R and D means with the scientific community and the industrial world, designing and maintaining naval nuclear propulsion reactors, cleansing Marcoule and Pierrelatte facilities, monitoring treaties and fighting against proliferation and terrorism; 2 - energy, developing more competitive and cleaner energy sources: nuclear waste management, optimization of industrial nuclear activities, future nuclear systems and new energy technologies, basic research on energy, radiobiology and toxicology; 3 - information and health, valorizing industry thanks to technological research and supplying new tools for health and medical research: micro- and nano-technologies, software technologies, basic research for industrial innovation, nuclear technologies for health and bio-technologies. (J.S.)

  16. Deductive Updating Is Not Bayesian

    Science.gov (United States)

    Markovits, Henry; Brisson, Janie; de Chantal, Pier-Luc

    2015-01-01

    One of the major debates concerning the nature of inferential reasoning is between counterexample-based theories such as mental model theory and probabilistic theories. This study looks at conclusion updating after the addition of statistical information to examine the hypothesis that deductive reasoning cannot be explained by probabilistic…

  17. Understanding Loss Deductions for Timber

    Science.gov (United States)

    John Greene; Michael Jacobson

    1998-01-01

    Forestland owners whose timber has been destroyed may be eligible to take a deduction for the loss on their federal income tax. The loss must be physical in nature and caused by an identifiable event or combination of events that has run its course. There are two types of losses from natural events. Casualty losses are sudden, unexpected, and unusual - as from a fire...

  18. 26 CFR 1.832-2 - Deductions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... companies, other than mutual fire insurance companies described in § 1.831-1, are also allowed a deduction... TAXES Other Insurance Companies § 1.832-2 Deductions. (a) The deductions allowable are specified in... capital losses provided in subchapter P (section 1201 and following), chapter 1 of the Code, insurance...

  19. Uncertain deduction and conditional reasoning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Evans, Jonathan St B T; Thompson, Valerie A; Over, David E

    2015-01-01

    There has been a paradigm shift in the psychology of deductive reasoning. Many researchers no longer think it is appropriate to ask people to assume premises and decide what necessarily follows, with the results evaluated by binary extensional logic. Most every day and scientific inference is made from more or less confidently held beliefs and not assumptions, and the relevant normative standard is Bayesian probability theory. We argue that the study of "uncertain deduction" should directly ask people to assign probabilities to both premises and conclusions, and report an experiment using this method. We assess this reasoning by two Bayesian metrics: probabilistic validity and coherence according to probability theory. On both measures, participants perform above chance in conditional reasoning, but they do much better when statements are grouped as inferences, rather than evaluated in separate tasks.

  20. The Right for Deducting VAT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Constantin Sergiu-Bogdan Constantin

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Romania must comply with the VAT Directive, the judgments of the Court of Justice of theEuropean Union and the European Court of Human Rights on VAT matter, that includes the matterof VAT deduction. The right to deduct VAT, in principle, cannot be limited for a taxable person andit is an abuse of law made by tax authorities when refusing this right. There are exceptions though,when the substantive and/or formal requirements are not met, the taxable person was involved in aVAT fraud or its supplier incorrectly drawn-up the invoice. The substantive requirements are: thepurchases must be from a taxable person and must be used for taxable activities. The formalrequirements are the obligations relating to accounting, invoicing and tax declarations. If taxauthorities discover a VAT fraud or/and that a VAT liability has not been declared they must takeimmediate measures, impose compliance and collect the corresponding sums from the responsibleperson.

  1. Deductive databases and P systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miguel A. Gutierrez-Naranjo

    2004-06-01

    Full Text Available In computational processes based on backwards chaining, a rule of the type is seen as a procedure which points that the problem can be split into the problems. In classical devices, the subproblems are solved sequentially. In this paper we present some questions that circulated during the Second Brainstorming Week related to the application of the parallelism of P systems to computation based on backwards chaining on the example of inferential deductive process.

  2. 26 CFR 1.832-5 - Deductions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... companies, other than mutual fire insurance companies described in section 831(a)(3)(A) and the regulations... TAXES Other Insurance Companies § 1.832-5 Deductions. (a) The deductions allowable are specified in... capital losses provided in subchapter P (section 1201 and following), chapter 1 of the Code, insurance...

  3. 34 CFR 32.10 - Deductions process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Deductions process. 32.10 Section 32.10 Education Office of the Secretary, Department of Education SALARY OFFSET TO RECOVER OVERPAYMENTS OF PAY OR ALLOWANCES FROM DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION EMPLOYEES § 32.10 Deductions process. (a) Debts must be collected in...

  4. Ville et santé publique au Japon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Takano Takehito

    1996-04-01

    Full Text Available Mon intervention porte sur le niveau de santé en secteur urbain et les questions à l'ordre du jour dans le domaine de la santé publique au Japon. La première partie concerne la cartographie des indices de santé en secteur urbain. Une telle cartographie requiert l'utilisation de techniques de traitement de l'image. On peut l'effectuer soit à l'aide du “ système d'information géographique ” (Geographic Information System, GIS, soit par une “image-diagnostic” (Image Diagnosis des différentes ...

  5. Science et Technique, Sciences de la Santé

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    AFRICAN JOURNALS ONLINE (AJOL) · Journals · Advanced Search · USING AJOL · RESOURCES. Science et Technique, Sciences de la Santé. Journal Home > Vol ... The journal is focused on health sciences in general. It publishes articles ...

  6. Deductive systems for BigData integration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Radu BUCEA-MANEA-TONIS

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available The globalization is associated with an increased data to be processed from E-commerce transactions. The specialists are looking for different solutions, such as BigData, Hadoop, Datawarehoues, but it seems that the future is the predicative logic implemented through deductive database technology. It has to be done the swift from imperative languages, to not declaratively languages used for the application development. The deductive databases are very useful in the student teaching programs, too. Thus, the article makes a consistent literature review in the field and shows practical examples of using predicative logic in deductive systems, in order to integrate different kind of data types.

  7. 26 CFR 1.108-3 - Intercompany losses and deductions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Intercompany losses and deductions. 1.108-3... Intercompany losses and deductions. (a) General rule. This section applies to certain losses and deductions... attributes to which section 108(b) applies, a loss or deduction not yet taken into account under section 267...

  8. 42 CFR 408.44 - Deduction from civil service annuities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Deduction from civil service annuities. 408.44... § 408.44 Deduction from civil service annuities. (a) Responsibility for deductions. If an enrollee is... service annuity, the premiums are deducted from that annuity by the Office of Personnel Management (OPM...

  9. Relations between inductive reasoning and deductive reasoning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heit, Evan; Rotello, Caren M

    2010-05-01

    One of the most important open questions in reasoning research is how inductive reasoning and deductive reasoning are related. In an effort to address this question, we applied methods and concepts from memory research. We used 2 experiments to examine the effects of logical validity and premise-conclusion similarity on evaluation of arguments. Experiment 1 showed 2 dissociations: For a common set of arguments, deduction judgments were more affected by validity, and induction judgments were more affected by similarity. Moreover, Experiment 2 showed that fast deduction judgments were like induction judgments-in terms of being more influenced by similarity and less influenced by validity, compared with slow deduction judgments. These novel results pose challenges for a 1-process account of reasoning and are interpreted in terms of a 2-process account of reasoning, which was implemented as a multidimensional signal detection model and applied to receiver operating characteristic data. PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2010 APA, all rights reserved.

  10. Des incitatifs au rendement pour les travailleurs en santé du Soudan ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Le Soudan du Sud affiche quelques-uns des pires indicateurs de santé du monde. Ce projet vise à aborder le problème en améliorant la motivation et le rendement des travailleurs en santé communautaire. En revanche, cela devrait améliorer l'état de santé des mères et des enfants. Accès aux soins de santé au Soudan ...

  11. Deductive multiscale simulation using order parameters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ortoleva, Peter J.

    2017-05-16

    Illustrative embodiments of systems and methods for the deductive multiscale simulation of macromolecules are disclosed. In one illustrative embodiment, a deductive multiscale simulation method may include (i) constructing a set of order parameters that model one or more structural characteristics of a macromolecule, (ii) simulating an ensemble of atomistic configurations for the macromolecule using instantaneous values of the set of order parameters, (iii) simulating thermal-average forces and diffusivities for the ensemble of atomistic configurations, and (iv) evolving the set of order parameters via Langevin dynamics using the thermal-average forces and diffusivities.

  12. Vitamine D et santé osseuse

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Coxam Véronique

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Le calcium est l’élément déterminant de la qualité du squelette parce qu’il lui confère ses propriétés de rigidité. Ainsi, en raison de l’enjeu majeur de santé publique représenté par les atteintes de l’appareil locomoteur chez les séniors, l’optimisation du statut calcique doit donc être assurée par la couverture des besoins définis par les apports nutritionnels conseillés, mais aussi par une potentialisation de sa biodisponibilité. Par conséquent, toute stratégie capable de favoriser l’absorption calcique doit être considérée. C’est pourquoi, la consommation alimentaire de calcium, ainsi que toute calcithérapie, doit être associée à la vitamine D qui, sous sa forme di-hydroxylée, intervient dans le mécanisme de transport actif du minéral à travers la paroi entérocytaire. Ce concept bénéficie d’un consensus et est solidement établi. D’autre part, des études récentes indiquent que la 25(OHD pourrait directement moduler les cellules osseuses qui possèdent, non seulement des récepteurs spécifiques (VDR, mais aussi la 1α-hydroxylase nécessaire à la transformation de la molécule en son métabolite actif. En ce qui concerne la démonstration des effets osseux de la vitamine D, il est évident que l’hyperparathyroïdisme secondaire qui se développe lors d’une déficience du statut en vitaminique D est extrêmement délétère puisque qu’elle engendre une accélération de la résorption. C’est la raison pour laquelle, en situation de carence, une supplémentation peut améliorer le remodelage et la masse osseuse. Toutefois, l’effet reste faible. En revanche, les scientifiques s’accordent à considérer qu’une supplémentation associant calcium et vitamine D peut réduire le risque de fracture, l’intensité dépendant notamment du seuil initial de consommation, de la dose prescrite et bien sûr de l’observance du traitement. Plusieurs méta-analyses ont pu confirmer ces

  13. 3rd Session of the Sant Cugat Forum on Astrophysics

    CERN Document Server

    Gravitational wave astrophysics

    2015-01-01

    This book offers review chapters written by invited speakers of the 3rd Session of the Sant Cugat Forum on Astrophysics — Gravitational Waves Astrophysics. All chapters have been peer reviewed. The book goes beyond normal conference proceedings in that it provides a wide panorama of the astrophysics of gravitational waves and serves as a reference work for researchers in the field.

  14. Advanced Query Formulation in Deductive Databases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Niemi, Timo; Jarvelin, Kalervo

    1992-01-01

    Discusses deductive databases and database management systems (DBMS) and introduces a framework for advanced query formulation for end users. Recursive processing is described, a sample extensional database is presented, query types are explained, and criteria for advanced query formulation from the end user's viewpoint are examined. (31…

  15. 19 CFR 152.105 - Deductive value.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... its importation, and any Federal excise tax on, or measured by the value of, the merchandise for which... paragraph (c)(3) of this section, the value added by the processing of the merchandise after importation to...) of this section, deductions made for the value added by that processing will be based on objective...

  16. Relations between Inductive Reasoning and Deductive Reasoning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heit, Evan; Rotello, Caren M.

    2010-01-01

    One of the most important open questions in reasoning research is how inductive reasoning and deductive reasoning are related. In an effort to address this question, we applied methods and concepts from memory research. We used 2 experiments to examine the effects of logical validity and premise-conclusion similarity on evaluation of arguments.…

  17. 77 FR 45480 - Deductions for Entertainment Use of Business Aircraft

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-01

    ... Deductions for Entertainment Use of Business Aircraft AGENCY: Internal Revenue Service (IRS), Treasury... business aircraft for entertainment. These final regulations affect taxpayers that deduct expenses for... section 274 of the Internal Revenue Code (Code) of deductions for the use of business aircraft for...

  18. 22 CFR 512.22 - Deduction from pay.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Deduction from pay. 512.22 Section 512.22... 1982 Salary Offset § 512.22 Deduction from pay. (a) Deduction by salary offset, from an employee's disposable current pay, shall be subject to the following circumstances: (1) When funds are available, the...

  19. 29 CFR 1450.23 - Deduction from pay.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Deduction from pay. 1450.23 Section 1450.23 Labor... OWED THE UNITED STATES Salary Offset § 1450.23 Deduction from pay. (a) Deduction by salary offset, from an employee's current disposable pay, shall be subject to the following conditions: (1) Ordinarily...

  20. 7 CFR 1000.86 - Deduction for marketing services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Deduction for marketing services. 1000.86 Section 1000... SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Milk), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE GENERAL PROVISIONS OF FEDERAL MILK MARKETING ORDERS Administrative Assessment and Marketing Service Deduction § 1000.86 Deduction for...

  1. 26 CFR 1.642(g)-2 - Deductions included.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... tax purposes. Section 642(g) has no application to deductions for taxes, interest, business expenses... 642(g) is applicable to deductions for interest, business expenses, and other items not accrued at the... administration expenses under section 2053(a)(2). Although deductible under section 2053(a)(3) in determining the...

  2. Le systeme d’information des reseaux de sante: la reorganisation de la medecine en e-sante

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maryline Margueritte

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Les réseaux de santé ont développé depuis plusieurs années des dispositifs permettant une prise en charge coordonnée des patients en France, tant sur les plans médical que médico-psycho-social et humain. Certains ont développé des dossiers de santé partagés informatisés permettant la mise en commun d’informations utiles à la coordination et à la continuité des soins. Depuis 2009 avec la réforme de l’hôpital on veut installer des modes de fonctionnement coopératifs entre les professionnels et avec les usagers du système de santé. La mise en œuvre d’un système d’information de santé pour assurer d’une part, la transversalité du processus métier avec le patient et d’autre part pouvoir mesurer les résultats médicaux et économiques de cette évolution d’un système complexe d’information. Dans ce contexte, les possibilités offertes par les technologies de l’information et de la communication (TIC permettent la mise en place d’applications favorisant une augmentation de la participation « on line » des citoyens. Le « virage ambulatoire » exporte la santé hors des murs. C’est une médecine innovante qui permet au patient de rester dans son « chez soi ». En France, ce re-engeneering repose sur quatre domaines : un dossier médical informatisé, une prise en charge collective par les professions médicales et paramédicales, une autonomisation et une mise en réseau du secteur de santé.

  3. Cost of Capital when Dividends are Deductible

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ignacio Velez-Pareja

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Tax savings and the discount rate we use to calculate their value are involved in the calculation of cost of capital. Based on previous findings, we derive a general approach to cash flow valuation that take into account any kind of tax shields related to the financing decision of a firm and any date when they are earned. They can be used to introduce any type of externality that creates value through tax savings not captured by neither the cost of debt nor the cost of equity. This paper develops the formulations for the cost of capital when dividends, interest on equity or monetary correction of equity are deductible as it happens in Brazil. It shows that when properly done most known valuation methods are consistent and give identical results. Also, the paper argues that when dividends are tax deductible, optimal leverage is lower and equity value is higher.

  4. Deductive Synthesis of the Unification Algorithm,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-06-01

    DEDUCTIVE SYNTHESIS OF THE I - UNIFICATION ALGORITHM Zohar Manna Richard Waldinger I F? Computer Science Department Artificial Intelligence Center...theorem proving," Artificial Intelligence Journal, Vol. 9, No. 1, pp. 1-35. Boyer, R. S. and J S. Moore [Jan. 19751, "Proving theorems about LISP...d’Intelligence Artificielle , U.E.R. de Luminy, Universit6 d’ Aix-Marseille II. Green, C. C. [May 1969], "Application of theorem proving to problem

  5. Renforcer le lien entre l'agriculture et la santé | CRDI - Centre de ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Ce projet vise à réduire les effets négatifs des activités agricoles sur la santé humaine afin que l'agriculture peut bénéficier la santé et la bonne santé peut bénéficier l'agriculture. ... IFPRI's 2020 conference on leveraging agriculture for improving nutrition and health: keeping the momentum and translating ideas into action.

  6. Promotion de la santé, des moyens de subsistance et des systèmes ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    ... à faire la lumière sur les liens entre les risques de maladie, la santé du bétail et la santé humaine, et le développement durable dans différents contextes périurbains; - à favoriser des politiques et des pratiques multisectorielles en matière de santé, d'environnement et de développement social afin de rendre la production ...

  7. 26 CFR 20.2053-10 - Deduction for certain foreign death taxes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 14 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Deduction for certain foreign death taxes. 20... § 20.2053-10 Deduction for certain foreign death taxes. (a) General rule. A deduction is allowed the... for foreign death taxes. (b) Condition for allowance of deduction. (1) The deduction is not allowed...

  8. La participation de la collectivité aide à améliorer la santé au ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    29 janv. 2018 ... Un projet novateur de santé mobile appelé MOS@N aide les populations vulnérables du district de Nouna, au Burkina Faso, à être en meilleure santé et à profiter d'un plus grand accès aux services de santé. Le projet a également contribué à améliorer la situation des travailleuses de la santé en dissipant ...

  9. Enfants en santé Ouganda - Healthy Children Uganda (HCU) | IDRC ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Depuis 2003, le partenariat canado-ougandais Enfants en santé Ouganda - Healthy Children Uganda (HCU) a mis en oeuvre un programme de bénévolat en santé dans 175 villages. ... A new website and resource library will help improve developing country registration and information systems for vital events.

  10. Abolition du paiement direct des services de santé en Afrique de l ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Dans les années 1980, suivant les recommandations des organisations internationales, la quasi-totalité des pays africains ont instauré le paiement direct des soins comme la modalité de financement principale de leur système de santé. Les patients africains devaient donc payer lorsqu'ils utilisaient les services de santé.

  11. Systèmes d'information sanitaire ou santé sexuelle et reproductive ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    23 mai 2017 ... Systèmes d'information sanitaire ou santé sexuelle et reproductive des adolescents en Afrique de l'Ouest. Appel. Propositions. Programme(s) ... Sujet(s). Systèmes de santé, ADOLESCENTS, SANTÉ REPRODUCTIVE, DROITS EN MATIERE DE PROCREATION. Durée. 36 à 48 mois. Financée par. CRDI ...

  12. Santé | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le développement ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    'Afrique en intensifiant la recherche sur la santé sexuelle et reproductive et sur la santé des adolescents. Read more about Donner aux filles et aux femmes le pouvoir de décider. Langue French. Addressing Africa's unmet need for family ...

  13. Abolir les obstacles que constituent les frais de santé : les ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    10 juin 2016 ... Abolir les obstacles que constituent les frais de santé : les ... Le financement des services de santé repose sur un système de ... Dans les années 1980, conformément aux recommandations d'organismes internationaux, ...

  14. Second session of the Sant Cugat forum on astrophysics

    CERN Document Server

    Reimer, Olaf; Cosmic Rays in Star-Forming Environments

    2013-01-01

    These are the proceedings of the Sant Cugat Forum 2nd Workshop on Cosmic-ray Induced Phenomenology in Stellar Environments, held April 16-19, 2012. The aim of this Workshop was to address the current knowledge and challenges of high-energy emission from stellar environments at all scales and provide a comprehensive review of the state of the field from the observational to the theoretical perspectives. In the meeting, the prospects for possible observations with planned instruments across the multi-wavelength spectrum were analyzed and also how they impact on our understanding of these systems.

  15. systèmes de santé

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    d'autopsies verbales — entretiens réalisés après un décès — laisse supposer que les oublis volontaires et la partialité dissimu- lent peut-être les causes véritables des décès des femmes. Bien qu'au Karnataka, près des deux tiers des femmes enceintes souffrent d'anémie en raison de la malnutri- tion, ce trouble de santé, ...

  16. Imaging deductive reasoning and the new paradigm

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oaksford, Mike

    2015-01-01

    There has been a great expansion of research into human reasoning at all of Marr’s explanatory levels. There is a tendency for this work to progress within a level largely ignoring the others which can lead to slippage between levels (Chater et al., 2003). It is argued that recent brain imaging research on deductive reasoning—implementational level—has largely ignored the new paradigm in reasoning—computational level (Over, 2009). Consequently, recent imaging results are reviewed with the focus on how they relate to the new paradigm. The imaging results are drawn primarily from a recent meta-analysis by Prado et al. (2011) but further imaging results are also reviewed where relevant. Three main observations are made. First, the main function of the core brain region identified is most likely elaborative, defeasible reasoning not deductive reasoning. Second, the subtraction methodology and the meta-analytic approach may remove all traces of content specific System 1 processes thought to underpin much human reasoning. Third, interpreting the function of the brain regions activated by a task depends on theories of the function that a task engages. When there are multiple interpretations of that function, interpreting what an active brain region is doing is not clear cut. It is concluded that there is a need to more tightly connect brain activation to function, which could be achieved using formalized computational level models and a parametric variation approach. PMID:25774130

  17. 29 CFR 783.45 - Deductions from wages.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Deductions from wages. 783.45 Section 783.45 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) WAGE AND HOUR DIVISION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR STATEMENTS OF GENERAL... TO EMPLOYEES EMPLOYED AS SEAMEN Computation of Wages and Hours § 783.45 Deductions from wages. Where...

  18. Evaluating the effect of tax deductions on training

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Oosterbeek, H.; Leuven, E.

    2004-01-01

    Dutch employers can claim an extra tax deduction when they train employees older than age 40. This discontinuity in a firm's training cost is exploited to identify the tax deduction's effects on training participation and of training participation on wages. The results show that the training rate of

  19. 26 CFR 1.179-3 - Carryover of disallowed deduction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... deduction are selected by the taxpayer in the year the properties are placed in service. This selection must... no selection is made, the total carryover of disallowed deduction is apportioned equally over the... restaurant business. During 1992, ABC purchases and places in service two items of section 179 property—a...

  20. 26 CFR 1.615-4 - Limitation of amount deductible.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 1.615-4 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Natural Resources § 1.615-4 Limitation of amount deductible. (a) Taxable... lease with respect to certain coal lands. A has deducted exploration expenditures under section 615 for...

  1. 25 CFR 163.25 - Forest management deductions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... that are paid from funds appropriated for fire suppression or pest control or otherwise offset federal... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Forest management deductions. 163.25 Section 163.25... Forest Management and Operations § 163.25 Forest management deductions. (a) Pursuant to the provisions of...

  2. 5 CFR 831.1003 - Deductions from pay.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Deductions from pay. 831.1003 Section 831.1003 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT (CONTINUED) CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) RETIREMENT CSRS Offset § 831.1003 Deductions from pay. (a) Except as otherwise provided in this...

  3. 29 CFR 3.9 - Prohibited payroll deductions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Prohibited payroll deductions. 3.9 Section 3.9 Labor Office of the Secretary of Labor CONTRACTORS AND SUBCONTRACTORS ON PUBLIC BUILDING OR PUBLIC WORK FINANCED IN WHOLE OR IN PART BY LOANS OR GRANTS FROM THE UNITED STATES § 3.9 Prohibited payroll deductions...

  4. 17 CFR 256.426.5 - Other deductions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... deductible before determining total income before interest charges. (b) Records shall be so maintained by...) UNIFORM SYSTEM OF ACCOUNTS FOR MUTUAL SERVICE COMPANIES AND SUBSIDIARY SERVICE COMPANIES, PUBLIC UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 1935 Income and Expense Accounts § 256.426.5 Other deductions. (a) This account...

  5. Differential Involvement of Left Prefrontal Cortexin Inductive and Deductive Reasoning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goel, Vinod; Dolan, Raymond J.

    2004-01-01

    While inductive and deductive reasoning are considered distinct logical and psychological processes, little is known about their respective neural basis. To address this issue we scanned 16 subjects with fMRI, using an event-related design, while they engaged in inductive and deductive reasoning tasks. Both types of reasoning were characterized by…

  6. 7 CFR 1131.86 - Deduction for marketing services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Deduction for marketing services. 1131.86 Section 1131... SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Milk), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MILK IN THE ARIZONA MARKETING AREA Order Regulating Handling Administrative Assessment and Marketing Service Deduction § 1131.86...

  7. 7 CFR 1030.86 - Deduction for marketing services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Deduction for marketing services. 1030.86 Section 1030... SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Milk), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MILK IN THE UPPER MIDWEST MARKETING AREA Order Regulating Handling Administrative Assessment and Marketing Service Deduction § 1030.86...

  8. 7 CFR 1005.86 - Deduction for marketing services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Deduction for marketing services. 1005.86 Section 1005... SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Milk), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MILK IN THE APPALACHIAN MARKETING AREA Order Regulating Handling Administrative Assessment and Marketing Service Deduction § 1005.86...

  9. 7 CFR 1007.86 - Deduction for marketing services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Deduction for marketing services. 1007.86 Section 1007... SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Milk), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MILK IN THE SOUTHEAST MARKETING AREA Order Regulating Handling Administrative Assessment and Marketing Service Deduction § 1007.86...

  10. 7 CFR 1001.86 - Deduction for marketing services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Deduction for marketing services. 1001.86 Section 1001... SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Milk), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MILK IN THE NORTHEAST MARKETING AREA Order Regulating Handling Administrative Assessment and Marketing Service Deduction § 1001.86...

  11. 7 CFR 1126.86 - Deduction for marketing services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Deduction for marketing services. 1126.86 Section 1126... SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Milk), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MILK IN THE SOUTHWEST MARKETING AREA Order Regulating Handling Administrative Assessment and Marketing Service Deduction § 1126.86...

  12. 7 CFR 1032.86 - Deduction for marketing services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Deduction for marketing services. 1032.86 Section 1032... SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Milk), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MILK IN THE CENTRAL MARKETING AREA Order Regulating Handling Administrative Assessment and Marketing Service Deduction § 1032.86...

  13. 7 CFR 1006.86 - Deduction for marketing services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Deduction for marketing services. 1006.86 Section 1006... SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Milk), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MILK IN THE FLORIDA MARKETING AREA Order Regulating Handling Administrative Assessment and Marketing Service Deduction § 1006.86...

  14. 7 CFR 1124.86 - Deduction for marketing services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Deduction for marketing services. 1124.86 Section 1124... SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Milk), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MILK IN THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST MARKETING AREA Order Regulating Handling Administrative Assessment and Marketing Service Deduction § 1124.86...

  15. 7 CFR 1033.86 - Deduction for marketing services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Deduction for marketing services. 1033.86 Section 1033... SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Milk), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MILK IN THE MIDEAST MARKETING AREA Order Regulating Handling Administrative Assessment and Marketing Service Deduction § 1033.86...

  16. Itemised Deductions : A Device to Reduce Tax Evasion

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Piolatto, A.

    2010-01-01

    Direct incentives and punishments are the most common instruments to fight tax evasion. The theoretical literature disregarded indirect schemes, such as itemised deductions, in which an agent has an interest in that other agents declare their revenue. Itemised deductions provide an incentive for

  17. 20 CFR 226.35 - Deductions from regular annuity rate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Deductions from regular annuity rate. 226.35... COMPUTING EMPLOYEE, SPOUSE, AND DIVORCED SPOUSE ANNUITIES Computing a Spouse or Divorced Spouse Annuity § 226.35 Deductions from regular annuity rate. The regular annuity rate of the spouse and divorced...

  18. Bouger pour la sante - Dr Per Bo Mahler

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN. Geneva

    2012-01-01

    Le mouvement est un facteur fondamental dans l’évolution de l’être humain : il répond grandement à ses besoins fondamentaux. Or, la littérature scientifique ne s’est intéressée réellement à l’activité physique (AP) que dans les années 1990. La journée mondiale de la santé en 2002 a passablement contribué à la reconnaissance de l’AP en tant que déterminant de la santé, dans les pays industrialisés tout comme dans les pays en développement. La littérature est unanime sur les bienfaits de l’AP modérée. Il est admis aujourd’hui que la sédentarité est un facteur de risque égal ou supérieur au tabagisme. Les recommandations : une heure d’activité physique modérée par jour pour les enfants et au moins 150 minutes d’activité modérée ou 75 minutes d’activité vigoureuse par semaine pour les adultes. Malgré cela, une grande proportion de la population reste insuffisamment active. On observe des différences conséquentes selon l’âge, le ...

  19. Deductive way of reasoning about the internet AS level topology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Szabó, Dávid; Kőrösi, Attila; Bíró, József; Gulyás, András

    2015-01-01

    Our current understanding about the AS level topology of the Internet is based on measurements and inductive-type models which set up rules describing the behavior (node and edge dynamics) of the individual ASes and generalize the consequences of these individual actions for the complete AS ecosystem using induction. In this paper we suggest a third, deductive approach in which we have premises for the whole AS system and the consequences of these premises are determined through deductive reasoning. We show that such a deductive approach can give complementary insights into the topological properties of the AS graph. While inductive models can mostly reflect high level statistics (e.g., degree distribution, clustering, diameter), deductive reasoning can identify omnipresent subgraphs and peering likelihood. We also propose a model, called YEAS, incorporating our deductive analytical findings that produces topologies contain both traditional and novel metrics for the AS level Internet. (paper)

  20. Human Long Jump — A Deductive Approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miloš Jovanović

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a useful application of a generalized approach to the modelling of human and humanoid motion using the deductive approach. It starts with formulating a completely general problem and deriving different real situations as special cases. The concept and the software realization are verified by comparing the results with the ones obtained using “classical” software for one well-known particular problem – biped walking. New applicability and potentials of the proposed method are demonstrated by simulation of a selected example – the long jump. The simulated motion included jumping and landing on the feet (after a jump. Additional analysis is done in the paper regarding the joint torque and joint angle during the jumping. Separate stages of the simulation are defined and explained.

  1. Pas de remède miracle Parvenir à une couverture santé universelle ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    26 oct. 2012 ... Pas de remède miracle Parvenir à une couverture santé universelle grâce à des systèmes de santé équitables ... Le Nigeria, qui compte parmi les pays qui affichent les taux les plus élevés de mortalité des mères, des enfants et des nouveau-nés, a fait des soins de santé primaires sa plus grande priorité.

  2. The Van Sant AVHRR image projected onto a rhombicosidodecahedron

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baron, Michael; Morain, Stan

    1996-03-01

    IDEATION, a design and development corporation, Santa Fe, New Mexico, has modeled Tom Van Sant's ``The Earth From Space'' image to a rhombicosidodecahedron. ``The Earth from Space'' image, produced by the Geosphere® Project in Santa Monica, California, was developed from hundreds of AVHRR pictures and published as a Mercator projection. IDEATION, utilizing a digitized Robinson Projection, fitted the image to foldable, paper components which, when interconnected by means of a unique tabular system, results in a rhombicosidodecahedron representation of the Earth exposing 30 square, 20 triangular, and 12 pentagonal faces. Because the resulting model is not spherical, the borders of the represented features were rectified to match the intersecting planes of the model's faces. The resulting product will be licensed and commercially produced for use by elementary and secondary students. Market research indicates the model will be used in both the demonstration of geometric principles and the teaching of fundamental spatial relations of the Earth's lands and oceans.

  3. First Session of the Sant Cugat Forum on Astrophysics

    CERN Document Server

    Rea, Nanda; High-Energy Emission from Pulsars and their Systems

    2011-01-01

    The aim of the inaugural meeting of the Sant Cugat Forum on Astrophysics was to address, in a global context, the current understanding of and challenges in high-energy emissions from isolated and non-isolated neutron stars, and to confront the theoretical picture with observations of both the Fermi satellite and the currently operating ground-based Cherenkov telescopes. Participants have also discussed the prospects for possible observations with planned instruments across the multi-wavelength spectrum (e.g. SKA, LOFAR, E-VLT, IXO, CTA) and how they will impact our theoretical understanding of these systems. In keeping with the goals of the Forum, this book not only represents the proceedings of the meeting, but also a reflection on the state-of-the-art in the topic.

  4. 26 CFR 1.274-3 - Disallowance of deduction for gifts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Disallowance of deduction for gifts. 1.274-3... TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES Items Not Deductible § 1.274-3 Disallowance of deduction for gifts. (a) In general. No deduction shall be allowed under section 162 or 212 for any expense for a gift made...

  5. 26 CFR 20.2053-9 - Deduction for certain State death taxes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 14 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Deduction for certain State death taxes. 20... § 20.2053-9 Deduction for certain State death taxes. (a) General rule. A deduction is allowed a... death taxes. However, see section 2058 to determine the deductibility of state death taxes by estates to...

  6. 20 CFR 404.1085 - Net operating loss deduction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... DISABILITY INSURANCE (1950- ) Employment, Wages, Self-Employment, and Self-Employment Income Self-Employment Income § 404.1085 Net operating loss deduction. When determining your net earnings from self-employment...

  7. 46 CFR 69.119 - Spaces deducted from gross tonnage.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... equipment plus a two foot maximum working space on each side of the equipment, if available, is deductible.... (ix) Oil skin lockers. (x) Pantries. (xi) Recreation rooms. (xii) Smoking rooms. (xiii) Galleys below...

  8. Offshore decommissioning issues: Deductibility and transferability

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Parente, Virginia; Ferreira, Doneivan; Moutinho dos Santos, Edmilson; Luczynski, Estanislau

    2006-01-01

    Dealing with the decommissioning of petroleum installations is a relatively new challenge to most producer countries. It is natural to expect that industry's experience in building platforms is much greater than the one of dismantling them. Even if manifold and varied efforts are underway towards establishing international 'best practices' standards in this sector, countries still enjoy rather extensive discretionary power as they practice a particular national style in the regulation of decommissioning activities in their state's jurisdiction. The present paper offers a broad panorama of this discussion, concentrating mainly on two controversial aspects. The first one analyses the ex-ante deductibility of decommissioning costs as they constitute an ex-post expense. The second discussion refers to the assignment of decommissioning responsibility in the case of transfer of exploration and production rights to new lessees during the project's life. Finally the paper applies concepts commonly used in project financing as well as structures generally used in organising pension funds to develop insights into these discussions

  9. Automatic Deduction in Dynamic Geometry using Sage

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Botana

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available We present a symbolic tool that provides robust algebraic methods to handle automatic deduction tasks for a dynamic geometry construction. The main prototype has been developed as two different worksheets for the open source computer algebra system Sage, corresponding to two different ways of coding a geometric construction. In one worksheet, diagrams constructed with the open source dynamic geometry system GeoGebra are accepted. In this worksheet, Groebner bases are used to either compute the equation of a geometric locus in the case of a locus construction or to determine the truth of a general geometric statement included in the GeoGebra construction as a boolean variable. In the second worksheet, locus constructions coded using the common file format for dynamic geometry developed by the Intergeo project are accepted for computation. The prototype and several examples are provided for testing. Moreover, a third Sage worksheet is presented in which a novel algorithm to eliminate extraneous parts in symbolically computed loci has been implemented. The algorithm, based on a recent work on the Groebner cover of parametric systems, identifies degenerate components and extraneous adherence points in loci, both natural byproducts of general polynomial algebraic methods. Detailed examples are discussed.

  10. Offshore decommissioning issues: deductibility and transferability

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Parente, V.; Santos, M. dos [University of Sao Paulo (Brazil). Instituto de Electrotecnica; Ferreira, D. [State University of Campinas (Brazil). Dept. of Geology and Natural Resources; Luczynski, E. [Grupo de Estudos e Pesquisas Economico-Energeticas, Belem (Brazil)

    2006-10-15

    Dealing with the decommissioning of petroleum installations is a relatively new challenge to most producer countries. It is natural to expect that industry's experience in building platforms is much greater than the one of dismantling them. Even if manifold and varied efforts are underway towards establishing international ''best practices'' standards in this sector, countries still enjoy rather extensive discretionary power as they practice a particular national style in the regulation of decommissioning activities in their state's jurisdiction. The present paper offers a broad panorama of this discussion, concentrating mainly on two controversial aspects. The first one analyses the ex-ante deductibility of decommissioning costs as they constitute an ex-post expense. The second discussion refers to the assignment of decommissioning responsibility in the case of transfer of exploration and production rights to new lessees during the project's life. Finally the paper applies concepts commonly used in project financing as well as structures generally used in organising pension funds to develop insights into these discussions. (author)

  11. Risk preferences over small stakes: Evidence from deductible choice

    OpenAIRE

    Janko Gorter; Paul Schilp

    2012-01-01

    This paper provides new field evidence on risk preferences over small stakes. Using unique population and survey data on deductible choice in Dutch universal health insurance, we find that risk preferences are a dominant factor in decision aking. In fact, our results indicate that risk preferences are both statistically and quantitatively more significant in explaining deductible choice behavior than risk type. This finding contrasts with classical expected utility theory, as it implies risk ...

  12. Temporal Deductive Verification of Basic ASM Models

    OpenAIRE

    Daho, Hocine El-Habib; University of Oran; Benhamamouch, Djillali; University of Oran

    2010-01-01

    Abstract State Machines (ASMs, for short) provide a practical new computational model which has been applied in the area of software engineering for systems design and analysis. However, reasoning about ASM models occurs, not within a formal deductive system, but basically in the classical informal proofs style of mathematics. Several formal verification approaches for proving correctness of ASM models have been investigated. In this paper we consider the use of the TLA+logic for the deductive...

  13. Au Sénégal, la santé maternelle et infantile est une affaire ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    29 sept. 2017 ... Au Sénégal, les femmes de quartier, connues sous le nom de marraines, fournissent aux femmes isolées de l'information vitale concernant les soins de santé maternelle et infantile. La recherche trouve de nouvelles façons de rendre leur travail durable et mieux apprécié par le système de santé national.

  14. Pour une plus grande équité au chapitre de la couverture santé ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Le déclin rapide de l'économie du Zimbabwe depuis 2000 a eu de profondes répercussions sur d'autres secteurs, dont celui de la santé. Depuis 2009, le gouvernement inclusif du Zimbabwe exécute le Short-Term Emergency and Recovery Programme pour relancer l'économie tandis que le ministère de la Santé et de la ...

  15. TIC pour un accès équitable aux ressources humaines en sante en ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Ce projet vise à mieux comprendre comment les TIC peuvent faciliter la distribution équitable des ressources humaines en santé en renforçant et consolidant des activités ... Technologies de l'Information et de la Communication (TIC) pour un Accès équitable aux Ressources Humaines en santé qualifiées, motivées et bien ...

  16. Programme conjoint canado-israélien de recherche en santé | CRDI ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    La recherche en immunologie peut aussi cibler certains des plus graves problèmes de santé des pays à faible revenu et à revenu intermédiaire, comme le VIH/sida, le cancer, le développement de vaccins et les maladies infectieuses. À cette fin, le Programme conjoint canado-israélien de recherche en santé appuie 6 ...

  17. Bajenu Gox : une approche communautaire pour la santé des mères ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    initiative de Bajenu Gox à l'amélioration de la santé des mères et des enfants dans tout le Sénégal. L'ancien président Abdoulye Wade a fondé ce programme communautaire destiné aux travailleurs de la santé en vue de donner à des femmes ...

  18. Innovation pour la santé des mères et des enfants d'Afrique | CRDI ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    L'initiative Innovation pour la santé des mères et des enfants d'Afrique (ISMEA) cherche à améliorer la santé des mères, des nouveau-nés et des enfants en ... Cette initiative de 36 millions de dollars sur sept ans – financée conjointement par les Instituts de recherche en santé du Canada, Affaires mondiales Canada et le ...

  19. Renforcement du réseau de politiques de santé d'Indonésie afin de ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Malgré la croissance économique soutenue que connaît l'Indonésie et les efforts que déploie le pays pour mettre en place une couverture santé universelle, bon nombre de pauvres n'ont toujours pas accès, ou si peu, à des services de santé appropriés. À vrai dire, la prestation des services de santé demeure variable et ...

  20. Amélioration du système de suivi de l'information sur la santé ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Le système de suivi de l'information sur la santé communautaire (CHITS) est un système électronique d'information sur la santé publique mis en place par les services de santé de Pasay City en 2004. Le cinquième des habitants des bidonvilles du grand Manille étant établis à Pasay City, ce système dessert une population ...

  1. Le droit à la santé : Au delà de la grossesse et de la reproduction ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Le droit à la santé tente d'identifier et d'évaluer les principales difficultés de la recherche sur l'égalité des sexes face à la santé: les femmes face au sida, les maladies tropicales féminines, la femme dans son milieu de travail, les obstacles à la prestation de véritables soins de la santé féminine, et la santé des adolescentes ...

  2. Estudi dels exempla als Avisos de sant Antoni Maria Claret

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hèctor Sanchis Mollà

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available La literatura religiosa del segle XIX ha estat poc tractada pels estudiosos. En el present treball, analitzarem un dels recursos per excel·lència d’aquesta literatura, és a dir, l’exemplum. En concret, esbrinarem la font dels exempla utilitzats per sant Antoni Maria Claret a les obres: Avisos saludables a las donsellas (1850, Avisos molt útils á las viudas (1848, Avisos molt útils als pares de familia (1845 i Avisos saludables als noys (1851. A més, indicarem si els exempla han estat utilitzats per altres autors contemporanis al nostre. The religious literature of the nineteenth century has been recently treated by scholars. In this paper, we discuss a resource par excellence of this literature: the exemplum. In particular, we find out the source of the examples used by St. Antoni Maria Claret works: Avisos saludables a las donsellas (1850, Avisos molt útils á las viudas (1848, Avisos molt útils als pares de familia (1845 i Avisos saludables als noys (1851. Also, we indicate if the examples have been used by other contemporary authors. Keywords: exemplum; saint

  3. The application of automated deductive reasoning to power plant diagnostics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Filshtein, E.L.; Rzasa, P.W.

    1986-01-01

    A module which incorporates the application of deductive reasoning to diagnostics has been developed. This module is a part of a generic diagnostic expert system prototype developed for power plant operations at Combustion Engineering. This paper is one of a series of papers which will describe the activities of the project. Specifically, this paper describes the deductive reasoning module which determines and classifies root cause malfunctions. The concept of 'perfect instruments' is introduced. These instruments are imaginary instruments which bridge the gap between real world inputs and the generic diagnostic shell. The prototype, its application, and future developments are discussed

  4. The Consistent Preferences Approach to Deductive Reasoning in Games

    CERN Document Server

    Asheim, Geir B

    2006-01-01

    "The Consistent Preferences Approach to Deductive Reasoning in Games" presents, applies, and synthesizes what my co-authors and I have called the 'consistent preferences' approach to deductive reasoning in games. Briefly described, this means that the object of the analysis is the ranking by each player of his own strategies, rather than his choice. The ranking can be required to be consistent (in different senses) with his beliefs about the opponent's ranking of her strategies. This can be contrasted to the usual 'rational choice' approach where a player's strategy choice is (in dif

  5. The interplay of deductive and inductive reasoning in psychoanalytic theorizing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hanly, Charles

    2014-10-01

    Deductive and inductive reasoning both played an essential part in Freud's construction of psychoanalysis. In this paper, the author explores the happy marriage of empiricism and rationalism in Freud's use of deductive reasoning in the construction of psychoanalytic theory. To do this, the author considers three major amendments Freud made to his theory: (i) infant and childhood sexuality, (ii) the structural theory, and (iii) the theory of signal anxiety. Ultimately, the author argues for, and presents Freud as a proponent of, the epistemological position that he calls critical realism. © 2014 The Psychoanalytic Quarterly, Inc.

  6. Les TIC permettent d'accroître l'équité en santé en Jordanie | CRDI ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    24 oct. 2013 ... L'un des problèmes les plus graves auxquels se heurtent les collectivités rurales est le manque d'accès à des services de santé de qualité et à de l'information adéquate en matière de santé.

  7. Étude des obstacles au traitement du VIH et à la santé maternelle en ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    4 avr. 2013 ... Plus de 200 chercheurs en santé mondiale se sont réunis à Ottawa pour ... les facteurs qui entravent l'accès à des soins de santé en Afrique du Sud. ... de transport en commun et le refus des chauffeurs d'ambulance de se ...

  8. SANTÉ PUBLIQUE Les troubles de santé font fi des frontières – les ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    SANTÉ PUBLIQUE Les troubles de santé font fi des frontières – les connaissances et les solutions devraient elles ... Dangers du tabac et des narguilés pour la santé ... ÉTUDE DE CAS : Nouvelles armes dans la guerre contre le paludisme.

  9. La nouvelle donne de la santé globale : dynamiques et écueils

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marine Buissonnière

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Les quinze dernières années ont été marquées par l’avènement de nouveaux acteurs dans le champ de la santé globale et l’augmentation de l’aide au développement en faveur de la santé. Ces acteurs ont capté une partie importante des ressources privées et publiques supplémentaires disponibles et se sont imposés comme les pièces maîtresses de ce nouvel échiquier, aux dépens des institutions traditionnelles qui ont graduellement perdu leur prépondérance et ont vu leur leadership s’affaiblir. Les choix et politiques de santé ont peu à peu échappé à la seule autorité des institutions qui en avaient jusqu’alors le mandat et en assumaient la charge. Certains pans entiers de la santé sont désormais dominés par des financeurs privés, devenus de facto prescripteurs d’orientations de santé publique. Cette nouvelle donne pose des questions essentielles de gouvernance et de responsabilité. Qui décide des orientations ? Comment les décisions sont-elles prises ? Les pays destinataires de l’aide doivent encore trop souvent subir le manque de coordination des donateurs et l’absence d’alignement des agendas. Dans ce contexte, et en prenant acte de cette nouvelle réalité, quelques pistes mériteraient d’être explorées afin de garantir que les orientations en matière de santé globale reflètent au mieux la réalité des besoins et les aspirations des pays.

  10. State trends in premiums and deductibles, 2003-2009: how building on the Affordable Care Act will help stem the tide of rising costs and eroding benefits.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schoen, Cathy; Stremikis, Kristof; How, Sabrina K H; Collins, Sara R

    2010-12-01

    Rapidly rising health insurance costs have strained U.S. families and employers in recent years. This issue brief examines data for all states on changes in private employer premiums and deductibles for 2003 and 2009. The analysis finds that premiums for businesses and their employees increased 41 percent across states from 2003 to 2009, while per-person deductibles jumped 77 percent in large as well as small firms. If these trends continue at the rate prior to enactment of the Affordable Care Act, the average premium for family coverage will rise 79 percent by 2020, to more than $23,000. The authors describe how health reform offers the potential to reduce insurance cost growth while improving value and protection. If reforms succeed in slowing premium growth by 1 percentage point annually in all states, by 2020 employers and families together will save $2,323 annually for family coverage, compared with projected trends.

  11. Les biofilms bactériens : leur importance en santé animale et en santé publique

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tremblay, Yannick D.N.; Hathroubi, Skander; Jacques, Mario

    2014-01-01

    Résumé Les biofilms bactériens sont des amas structurés de cellules bactériennes enrobés d’une matrice polymérique et attachés à une surface. Le biofilm protège les bactéries et leur permet de survivre dans des conditions environnementales hostiles. Les bactéries du biofilm peuvent résister à la réponse immunitaire de l’hôte et sont beaucoup plus résistantes aux antibiotiques et aux désinfectants que les cellules bactériennes planctoniques. La capacité de former un biofilm est maintenant reconnue comme une caractéristique propre à plusieurs microorganismes. La présence de biofilms lors d’infections demande donc de nouvelles méthodes de prévention, de diagnostic et de traitement. De même, la présence de biofilms sur des surfaces retrouvées à la ferme, à l’abattoir ou à l’usine de transformation affectera l’efficacité du protocole de désinfection. De façon surprenante, la formation de biofilms chez les bactéries pathogènes des animaux et les bactéries zoonotiques est un sujet relativement peu étudié. Ce bref compte rendu a pour objectif de sensibiliser les intervenants en santé animale à l’importance des biofilms. PMID:24688172

  12. Transformer en politiques les données probantes sur la santé des ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Transformer en politiques les données probantes sur la santé des mères, des nouveau-nés et des enfants en Afrique de l'Est. Ce projet regroupe les résultats de la recherche en matière de santé des mères et des enfants en Afrique de l'Est et appuie leur intégration dans les politiques et les pratiques. Le projet fait partie du ...

  13. Advances in natural deduction a celebration of Dag Prawitz's work

    CERN Document Server

    Haeusler, Edward; Paiva, Valeria

    2014-01-01

    This collection of papers celebrating the contributions of Swedish logician Dag Prawitz to Proof Theory, has been assembled from those presented at the Natural Deduction conference organized in Rio de Janeiro to honour his  seminal  research. Dag Prawitz’s work forms the basis of intuitionistic type theory and his inversion principle constitutes the foundation of most modern accounts of proof-theoretic semantics in Logic, Linguistics and  Theoretical Computer Science. The range of contributions includes material on the extension of natural deduction with higher-order rules, as opposed to higher-order connectives, and a paper discussing the application of natural deduction rules to dealing with equality in predicate calculus. The volume continues with a key chapter summarizing work on the extension of the Curry-Howard isomorphism (itself a by-product of the work on natural deduction), via methods of category theory that have been successfully applied to linear logic, as well as many other contributions fr...

  14. 26 CFR 1.617-2 - Limitation on amount deductible.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 1.617-2 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Natural Resources § 1.617-2 Limitation on amount deductible. (a... 1967, 1968, 1969, and 1970 A had exploration costs of $80,000 all with respect to coal deposits located...

  15. 26 CFR 1.642(f)-1 - Amortization deductions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ....642(f)-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES Estates, Trusts, and Beneficiaries § 1.642(f)-1 Amortization deductions. An estate... respect to qualified railroad rolling stock as defined in section 184(d), with respect to certified coal...

  16. 18 CFR 367.4350 - Account 435, Extraordinary deductions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Account 435, Extraordinary deductions. 367.4350 Section 367.4350 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION, DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY REGULATIONS UNDER THE PUBLIC UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 2005, FEDERAL POWER ACT AND NATURAL GAS ACT...

  17. Compare and Contrast Inductive and Deductive Research Approaches

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soiferman, L. Karen

    2010-01-01

    This discussion paper compares and contrasts "inductive" and "deductive" research approaches as described by Trochim (2006) and Plano Clark and Creswell (2007). It also examines the "exploratory" and "confirmatory" approaches by Onwueghuzie and Leech (2005) with respect to the assumption each holds about the nature of knowledge. The paper starts…

  18. Bounds for phase-shifts and deductions in potential scattering

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sidharth, B.G.

    1979-01-01

    Starting from the radial Schroedinger equation and using the Cauchy-Schwarz inequality, expressions have been derived for bounds for phase-shifts in potential scattering and the deductions are verified in special cases such as the spherically symmetric square-well potential, where exact solutions are already known. (K.B.)

  19. The responsiveness of training participation to tax deductability

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Leuven, E.; Oosterbeek, H.

    2006-01-01

    To stimulate investment in training by individuals, the Dutch tax system allows a deduction of direct training expenditures from taxable income. This paper investigates to what extent the resulting cost reduction encourages training investments. Two different identification strategies are used. The

  20. Travel Expenses in Connection with Tax-Deductible Education Expenses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bottiglieri, William A.; Reville, Patrick J.

    2012-01-01

    Trade or business expenses are deductible if they are ordinary and necessary with respect to the trade or business in which they were incurred. Treasury Regulations bring education expenses into this purview but only if they maintain or improve skills already acquired or allow a taxpayer to maintain his current position. Related travel expenses in…

  1. Sherlock Holmes's Methods of Deductive Reasoning Applied to Medical Diagnostics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Larry

    1985-01-01

    Having patterned the character of Sherlock Holmes after one of his professors, Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, himself a physician, incorporated many of the didactic qualities of the 19th century medical diagnostician into the character of Holmes. In this paper I explore Holmes's techniques of deductive reasoning and their basis in 19th and 20th century medical diagnostics. PMID:3887762

  2. Sherlock Holmes' methods of deductive reasoning applied to medical diagnostics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, L

    1985-03-01

    Having patterned the character of Sherlock Holmes after one of his professors, Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, himself a physician, incorporated many of the didactic qualities of the 19th century medical diagnostician into the character of Holmes. In this paper I explore Holmes's techniques of deductive reasoning and their basis in 19th and 20th century medical diagnostics.

  3. A Generalized Deduction of the Ideal-Solution Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leo, Teresa J.; Perez-del-Notario, Pedro; Raso, Miguel A.

    2006-01-01

    A new general procedure for deriving the Gibbs energy of mixing is developed through general thermodynamic considerations, and the ideal-solution model is obtained as a special particular case of the general one. The deduction of the Gibbs energy of mixing for the ideal-solution model is a rational one and viewed suitable for advanced students who…

  4. Inductive and deductive reasoning in obsessive-compulsive disorder.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liew, Janice; Grisham, Jessica R; Hayes, Brett K

    2018-06-01

    This study examined the hypothesis that participants diagnosed with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) show a selective deficit in inductive reasoning but are equivalent to controls in deductive reasoning. Twenty-five participants with OCD and 25 non-clinical controls made inductive and deductive judgments about a common set of arguments that varied in logical validity and the amount of positive evidence provided (premise sample size). A second inductive reasoning task required participants to make forced-choice decisions and rate the usefulness of diverse evidence or non-diverse evidence for evaluating arguments. No differences in deductive reasoning were found between participants diagnosed with OCD and control participants. Both groups saw that the amount of positive evidence supporting a conclusion was an important guide for evaluating inductive arguments. However, those with OCD showed less sensitivity to premise diversity in inductive reasoning than controls. The findings were similar for both emotionally neutral and OCD-relevant stimuli. The absence of a clinical control group means that it is difficult to know whether the deficit in diversity-based reasoning is specific to those with OCD. People with OCD are impaired in some forms of inductive reasoning (using diverse evidence) but not others (use of sample size). Deductive reasoning appears intact in those with OCD. Difficulties using evidence diversity when reasoning inductively may maintain OCD symptoms through reduced generalization of learned safety information. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  5. A Conservative Look at Term Deduction Systems with Variable Binding

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Fokkink, W.J.; Verhoef, C.

    We set up a formal framework to describe term deduction systems, such as transition system specifications in the style of Plotkin, and conditional term rewriting systems. This framework has the power to express many-sortedness, general binding mechanisms and substitutions, among other notions such

  6. 29 CFR 4.168 - Wage payments-deductions from wages paid.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Wage payments-deductions from wages paid. 4.168 Section 4... Standards Compliance with Compensation Standards § 4.168 Wage payments—deductions from wages paid. (a) The wage requirements of the Act will not be met where unauthorized deductions, rebates, or refunds reduce...

  7. 7 CFR 3.81 - Procedures for salary offset: when deductions may begin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Procedures for salary offset: when deductions may... Salary Offset § 3.81 Procedures for salary offset: when deductions may begin. (a) Deductions to liquidate... Offset Salary to collect from the employee's current pay. (b) If the employee filed a petition for a...

  8. 20 CFR 361.11 - Procedures for salary offset: When deductions may begin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Procedures for salary offset: When deductions... § 361.11 Procedures for salary offset: When deductions may begin. (a) Deductions to liquidate an... a debt is completed, offset shall be made from subsequent payments of any nature (e.g., final salary...

  9. Deductive Error Diagnosis and Inductive Error Generalization for Intelligent Tutoring Systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoppe, H. Ulrich

    1994-01-01

    Examines the deductive approach to error diagnosis for intelligent tutoring systems. Topics covered include the principles of the deductive approach to diagnosis; domain-specific heuristics to solve the problem of generalizing error patterns; and deductive diagnosis and the hypertext-based learning environment. (Contains 26 references.) (JLB)

  10. 29 CFR 2509.99-1 - Interpretive Bulletin Relating to Payroll Deduction IRAs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 9 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Interpretive Bulletin Relating to Payroll Deduction IRAs... SECURITY ACT OF 1974 § 2509.99-1 Interpretive Bulletin Relating to Payroll Deduction IRAs. (a) Scope. This...), as applied to payroll deduction programs established by employers 1 for the purpose of enabling...

  11. 38 CFR 8.5 - Authorization for deduction of premiums from compensation, retirement pay, or pension.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Authorization for deduction of premiums from compensation, retirement pay, or pension. 8.5 Section 8.5 Pensions, Bonuses, and... Authorization for deduction of premiums from compensation, retirement pay, or pension. Deductions from benefits...

  12. 26 CFR 1.941-1 - Special deduction for China Trade Act corporations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES China Trade Act Corporations § 1.941-1 Special deduction for China Trade Act corporations. In addition to the deductions from taxable income otherwise allowed such a corporation, a China Trade Act corporation is, under certain conditions, allowed an additional deduction in...

  13. 26 CFR 1.873-1 - Deductions allowed nonresident alien individuals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 9 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Deductions allowed nonresident alien individuals... (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES Nonresident Aliens and Foreign Corporations § 1.873-1 Deductions allowed nonresident alien individuals. (a) General provisions—(1) Allocation of deductions. In...

  14. 26 CFR 1.167(a)-10 - When depreciation deduction is allowable.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false When depreciation deduction is allowable. 1.167... Corporations § 1.167(a)-10 When depreciation deduction is allowable. (a) A taxpayer should deduct the proper depreciation allowance each year and may not increase his depreciation allowances in later years by reason of...

  15. 26 CFR 1.249-1 - Limitation on deduction of bond premium on repurchase.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... A issues a callable 20-year convertible bond at face for $1,000 bearing interest at 10 percent per... 26 Internal Revenue 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Limitation on deduction of bond premium on... deduction of bond premium on repurchase. (a) Limitation—(1) General rule. No deduction is allowed to the...

  16. Plaque tournante de la recherche et de la formation en santé ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    initiative Global Environmental and Occupational Health, dirigée par le Fogarty ... Ces trois activités économiques produisent des niveaux considérables de contamination environnementale et représentent des risques élevés pour la santé des ...

  17. Cantada al Santísimo con violines. Llegue la suerte mía

    OpenAIRE

    Morales

    2010-01-01

    Tabla de contenido: 1. Violín primero; 2. Violín segundo; 3. Acompañamiento; 4. Recitado y aria.Folio 2. Acompañamiento.Folio 3. Violín primero.Folio 4. Violín segundo.Folio 5. Cantada al Santísimo.Folio 5-7. Letra.

  18. Site d'enfouissement de Mbeubeuss : à la recherche de la santé ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    World-urbanism : representatives of more than 100 countries adopt a new vision for the future of cities. Download PDF. Journal articles. Living near Mbeubeuss : an overview. Download PDF. Studies. Impact de la décharge de Mbeubeuss sur la santé et la productivité des élevages avicoles riverains dans la commune ...

  19. Régionalisation du recrutement du personnel de santé au Burkina ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Régionalisation du recrutement du personnel de santé au Burkina Faso ... le ministère a adopté une politique de recrutement régionalisé de certaines catégories du ... de comprendre le contexte dans lequel une telle stratégie a été formulée, ...

  20. Organismes de politiques et recherche en matière de santé

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    gprudhomme

    17 mars 2014 ... en renforçant les politiques nationales et l'équité dans les systèmes de santé. ...... matière de leadership stratégique, d'administration de programmes et de gestion ... Décrire les plans de recrutement adoptés pour combler les ...

  1. Agent (h/f) - Santé des voyageurs et mieux-être | CRDI - Centre de ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Fixer des rendez-vous au nom des voyageurs et envoyer des rappels à ces derniers. Fournir aux nouveaux voyageurs des directives au sujet des formulaires de santé-voyage à remettre. Envoyer les ordonnances à la pharmacie et prendre les dispositions voulues relatives à la livraison des médicaments et des vaccins, ...

  2. De la ferme à la fourchette : liens entre productivité, nutrition et santé ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    20 sept. 2013 ... ... et aux troubles de santé qui sont reliés à la malnutrition et à l'obésité. ... Diversity in local food production combats obesity in the Caribbean ... A farm to fork approach to nutritious school meals: Tackling childhood obesity in ...

  3. Santé | Page 25 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Dans cet ouvrage qui s'adresse aux planificateurs du développement et aux étudiants en nutrition, santé publique et anthropologie culturelle humaine, on aborde des enjeux de l'utilisation des sources naturelles d'aliments pour prévenir la carence en vitamine A. Read more about Culture, Environment, and Food to Prevent ...

  4. Santé | Page 29 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    atténuation des injustices et des inégalités en ce qui concerne la santé de la population. ... Telemedicine offers solutions for emergency medical assistance, long-distance consultation, administration and logistics, supervision and quality assurance, ...

  5. La santé en milieu urbain | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    13 déc. 2010 ... Les villes attirent des millions de personnes en quête d'une vie meilleure. ... possibilités, mais exposent aussi les habitants à de nouveaux dangers. .... ÉTUDE DE CAS — Népal : Améliorer l'hygiène et la santé à Katmandou.

  6. LA COMMUNICATION SANTE : NOUVEL ENJEU DE LA CONSOMMATION ALIMENTAIRE Contexte réglementaire et statut juridique des aliments santé

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Coutrelis Nicole

    2001-07-01

    Full Text Available À la frontière de l’aliment et du médicament, les « aliments santé » sont aujourd’hui au centre de toutes les attentions - et de toutes les interrogations - du secteur de l’agroalimentaire. La notion n’étant pas définie par la loi et le vocabulaire utilisé variant d’un ouvrage ou d’un auteur à l’autre, la matière est difficilement et diversement appréhendée par les professionnels et les consommateurs. Aussi, afin d’assurer à la présente étude la cohérence nécessaire à la compréhension du sujet, lui-même fort complexe, on privilégiera une définition large (et nécessairement subjective de la notion d’aliments santé 1. Dès lors, celle-ci recouvrira : - les aliments traditionnels comportant des allégations faisant un lien, quel qu’il soit, avec la santé ; - les aliments dits « fonctionnels » ; - les aliments traditionnels supplémentés; - l’alimentation particulière; - les compléments alimentaires. Tels que définis, les aliments santé sont soumis à un régime juridique au centre d’un prisme composé de nombreuses réglementations, communautaires et françaises, relatives aux denrées alimentaires et aux médicaments. La multiplicité de ces réglementations ne va pas sans difficulté, leur mise en oeuvre manquant parfois de la cohérence qui serait nécessaire à la sécurité juridique. Essentiellement centrée sur l’information et la protection du consommateur, la réglementation actuellement applicable en France est à la fois générale et spécifique. Générale en ce sens que les règles relatives à la sécurité des produits 2, l’étiquetage et la présentation 3, et en matière de responsabilité civile 4 sont applicables aux aliments santé comme à tout autre produit. Spécifique dans la mesure où des textes plus précis concernent plus directement et/ou exclusivement les aliments santé. En synthétisant à l’extrême les règles applicables à la matière, l

  7. 29 CFR 779.342 - Methods of computing annual volume of sales.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... STANDARDS ACT AS APPLIED TO RETAILERS OF GOODS OR SERVICES Exemptions for Certain Retail or Service...) of the Act are specified in terms of the “annual dollar volume of sales” of goods or of services (or... annual dollar volume before deduction of those taxes which are excluded in determining whether the $250...

  8. Activité antérieure : Le CRDI au Congrès mondial sur la santé ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    15 avr. 2016 ... Le 14e Congrès mondial sur la santé publique s'est déroulé du 11 au 15 février 2015 au parc scientifique Science City de Calcutta, en Inde. Le thème de cette année était « Peuples en santé, environnement sain ». Cet événement a été organisé par l'Association de santé publique de l'Inde et la Fédération ...

  9. Formal verification of Simulink/Stateflow diagrams a deductive approach

    CERN Document Server

    Zhan, Naijun; Zhao, Hengjun

    2017-01-01

    This book presents a state-of-the-art technique for formal verification of continuous-time Simulink/Stateflow diagrams, featuring an expressive hybrid system modelling language, a powerful specification logic and deduction-based verification approach, and some impressive, realistic case studies. Readers will learn the HCSP/HHL-based deductive method and the use of corresponding tools for formal verification of Simulink/Stateflow diagrams. They will also gain some basic ideas about fundamental elements of formal methods such as formal syntax and semantics, and especially the common techniques applied in formal modelling and verification of hybrid systems. By investigating the successful case studies, readers will realize how to apply the pure theory and techniques to real applications, and hopefully will be inspired to start to use the proposed approach, or even develop their own formal methods in their future work.

  10. Note on Deduction Theorems in contraction-free logics

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Chvalovský, Karel; Cintula, Petr

    2012-01-01

    Roč. 58, č. 3 (2012), s. 236-243 ISSN 0942-5616 R&D Projects: GA ČR GAP202/10/1826 Grant - others:Austrian Science Fund (FWF)(AT) START Y544-N23 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10300504 Keywords : Local Deduction Theorem * BCI-logic * Substructural logics * Rule of contraction Subject RIV: BA - General Mathematics Impact factor: 0.376, year: 2012

  11. Effectiveness of Inductive and Deductive Methods in Teaching Grammar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Akram Alzu’bi

    2015-04-01

    • What is the effect of inductive method on grammar achievement compared with deductive method at elementary stage? To answer the questions of the study, the researcher prepares two programs based on inductive and deductive methods for each level based on its syllabus. The sample consists 180 students; eighty at the 1st year level in English departments at university level and one hundred at the elementary stage. The participants of the study consisted of four assigned sections. Firstly, at the university level, two colleges are randomly selected out of the eighteen faculties of Albalqa' Applied University; two sections are randomly selected; one group is randomly assigned as the 1st experimental group (by using inductive method and the second experimental group (by using deductive method. Similar process is adopted in the case of school students at the elementary stage.  The relevant pre-tests are administered to the students of both groups at each stage (university and school to make sure that the groups are equivalent at the time of starting the experiment. The researcher designs two grammar achievement tests as the instruments of this study (one for the elementary stage and one for university level. The instrument of each stage consists of two achievement tests (pre- test and post-test. At the end of the treatment period, relevant post-tests are administered to the students of both the groups. The results of the study revealed that there were significant statistical differences at (α≤0.09 among the grammar performance means of both groups at both levels due to inductive method. Keywords: Inductive method, Deductive method, Elementary stage, University level, Academic achievement

  12. On the Difference between Traditional and Deductive Fuzzy Logic

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Běhounek, Libor

    2008-01-01

    Roč. 159, č. 10 (2008), s. 1153-1164 ISSN 0165-0114 R&D Projects: GA AV ČR KJB100300502 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10300504 Keywords : deductive fuzzy logic * fuzzy elements * gradual sets * entropy of fuzzy sets * aggregation * membership degrees * methodology of fuzzy mathematics Subject RIV: BA - General Mathematics Impact factor: 1.833, year: 2008

  13. Automated Generation of User Guidance by Combining Computation and Deduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Walther Neuper

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Herewith, a fairly old concept is published for the first time and named "Lucas Interpretation". This has been implemented in a prototype, which has been proved useful in educational practice and has gained academic relevance with an emerging generation of educational mathematics assistants (EMA based on Computer Theorem Proving (CTP. Automated Theorem Proving (ATP, i.e. deduction, is the most reliable technology used to check user input. However ATP is inherently weak in automatically generating solutions for arbitrary problems in applied mathematics. This weakness is crucial for EMAs: when ATP checks user input as incorrect and the learner gets stuck then the system should be able to suggest possible next steps. The key idea of Lucas Interpretation is to compute the steps of a calculation following a program written in a novel CTP-based programming language, i.e. computation provides the next steps. User guidance is generated by combining deduction and computation: the latter is performed by a specific language interpreter, which works like a debugger and hands over control to the learner at breakpoints, i.e. tactics generating the steps of calculation. The interpreter also builds up logical contexts providing ATP with the data required for checking user input, thus combining computation and deduction. The paper describes the concepts underlying Lucas Interpretation so that open questions can adequately be addressed, and prerequisites for further work are provided.

  14. Innovation pour la santé des mères et des enfants d'Afrique

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Corey Piccioni

    ... détermineront les interventions devant absolument faire partie de la formation des travailleurs de santé communautaire. Cela pourrait comprendre des régimes de vitamines prénatals et des billets de transport à des établissements de santé pour le dépistage de troubles d'hypertension ou d'infection au VIH, entre autres.

  15. Innova on pour la santé des mères et des enfants d'Afrique

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    19 janv. 2018 ... Les conclusions révèlent des similitudes parmi les cas de divers contextes na onaux, fournissant une riche base de preuves afin d'inspirer des ini a ves visant à améliorer l'équité en ma ère de santé. OUVRIR LE PDF | COMMANDER LE LIVRE. Innova on pour la santé des mères et des enfants d'Afrique.

  16. Approche raisonnée de l'établissement de priorités en santé | CRDI ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    L'Organisation mondiale de la santé (OMS) fournira un renforcement des capacités et des apports techniques accrus afin de répondre à l'appel des gouvernements des deux pays, qui manifestent depuis longtemps le désir de réduire les inégalités dans l'affectation des ressources en santé et l'accès à celles-ci.

  17. Differential involvement of left prefrontal cortex in inductive and deductive reasoning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goel, Vinod; Dolan, Raymond J

    2004-10-01

    While inductive and deductive reasoning are considered distinct logical and psychological processes, little is known about their respective neural basis. To address this issue we scanned 16 subjects with fMRI, using an event-related design, while they engaged in inductive and deductive reasoning tasks. Both types of reasoning were characterized by activation of left lateral prefrontal and bilateral dorsal frontal, parietal, and occipital cortices. Neural responses unique to each type of reasoning determined from the Reasoning Type (deduction and induction) by Task (reasoning and baseline) interaction indicated greater involvement of left inferior frontal gyrus (BA 44) in deduction than induction, while left dorsolateral (BA 8/9) prefrontal gyrus showed greater activity during induction than deduction. This pattern suggests a dissociation within prefrontal cortex for deductive and inductive reasoning.

  18. Leadership municipal intersectoriel en matière de santé en ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Ce projet vise à consolider le leadership en matière d'écosanté à l'échelle municipale en Colombie et au Vénézuela afin d'aborder les priorités en santé, notamment les maladies à transmission vectorielle et les interventions sur les systèmes d'alimentation en vue de prévenir les maladies non transmissibles. Dengue et ...

  19. Site d'enfouissement de Mbeubeuss : à la recherche de la santé ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Cette montagne de déchets constitue une source de pollution de l'air, de l'eau et du sol. Elle comporte aussi des risques sur la santé des populations riveraines ainsi que sur la qualité des produits agricoles et de l'élevage développés dans son voisinage. Toutefois, la décharge de Mbeubeuss offre des opportunités de ...

  20. Document d'information : Neuf nouvelles subventions pour la santé ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    6 avr. 2017 ... Ces fonds aideront à appliquer à grande échelle des interventions prometteuses et à combler le besoin d'information sur la planification familiale, de soutien aux mères adolescentes et de services et de renseignements en matière de santé sexuelle et génésique. Les subventions permettront à neuf ...

  1. Santé des adolescents et des jeunes au Burkina Faso : état des ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Il s'est agi d'une étude évaluative ayant utilisé une revue documentaire associée à une interview des acteurs clés et un atelier de validation et d'identification des interventions pertinentes pour un plan stratégique national. La situation de la santé des adolescents et des jeunes est caractérisée par des grossesses précoces ...

  2. Incorporer les TIC aux systèmes de santé | CRDI - Centre de ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    10 juin 2016 ... L'équipe de NEHSI a profité de l'instauration d'une culture de planification fondée sur des données probantes pour y incorporer les technologies de l'information et de la communication (TIC) en vue d'améliorer la prestation des services, de renforcer les capacités locales en matière de soins de santé ...

  3. Établir un registre de santé reproductive normalisé en Jordanie pour ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    ... normalisé électronique à l'aide d'approches participatives et de directives établies par l'Organisation mondiale de la Santé; à renforcer la représentation des groupes mal desservis de femmes, d'hommes et de jeunes dans les réunions des parties prenantes et les processus de gouvernance; à établir un tableau de bord ...

  4. De la mutualisation de la santé communautaire à la gouvernance de ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    majeur et un enjeu politique et social de premier plan. La santé n'a pas ..... a été reprise dans le cadre plus général du Document de la stratégie de réduction de la ..... fidéliser les adhérents et de recruter d'autres membres. Points de vue du ...

  5. Santé | Page 15 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Dans la lutte contre le virus Ebola, les mathématiques sont l'arme de Martial Ndeffo. Cet épidémiologiste camerounais aide le ministère de la Santé du Liberia, engagé dans une course contre la montre pour mettre un frein à la propagation du virus, à prendre des décisions qui auront des incidences sur nous tous.

  6. Des soins de santé plus abordables au Burkina Faso, au Mali et au ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    8 juin 2016 ... Dans les années 1980, conformément aux recommandations d'organismes internationaux, la presque-totalité des pays d'Afrique ont adopté l'imposition directe de frais aux patients comme principal mode de financement de leur système de santé. Les citoyens devaient donc débourser des frais pour ...

  7. Apports de la diplomatie de la santé mondiale aux systèmes de ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    La santé est en voie de s'imposer comme un élément incontournable des négociations mondiales, que celles-ci portent sur le commerce, la croissance économique ou le développement social. De nouveaux travaux de recherche aideront l'Afrique à accroître son pouvoir de négociation au chapitre de la diplomatie de la ...

  8. Exemption communautaire du paiement des services de santé au ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Faute de moyens financiers, de nombreuses personnes au Burkina Faso se retrouvent exclues des services de santé. Cependant, les connaissances sur la manière dont il faut s'organiser pour que les plus pauvres puissent bénéficier des soins sont très limitées. Cette étude vise à tester l'efficacité d'une innovation dans le ...

  9. Systèmes d'information sur la santé

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    personnel spécialisé — et bien souvent le leadership et la vision — pour ... Recourir aux données probantes pour réduire la mortalité maternelle au Nigeria. □ Incorporer les TIC aux systèmes de santé. □ Intégrer les collectivités à la surveillance du .... il y a lieu de mieux comprendre comment ces outils peuvent étayer la ...

  10. Comprendre l'influence des facteurs contextuels sur la participation communiautaire à la santé

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sombie, Issa; Ilboudo, Sidbewendin David Olivier; Soubeiga, André Kamba

    2015-01-01

    Le Burkina Faso met en œuvre depuis plusieurs années la stratégie de la participation communautaire. Des comités de gestion (CoGes) ont été mis en place dans les centres de santé de la première ligne et doivent participer aux prises de décisions. L’objectif principal de cette stratégie est de...

  11. ÉTUDE DE CAS — Chili : Santé, environnement et culture autochtone

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    7 janv. 2011 ... Au Chili, des chercheurs et des organisations mapuches, parrainés par le Centre de recherches pour le développement international (CRDI), travaillent en collaboration afin de mieux gérer l'environnement local et d'améliorer la santé de la collectivité. Ce faisant, ils ont conçu une approche novatrice du ...

  12. Incorporer les TIC aux systèmes de santé | IDRC - International ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    10 juin 2016 ... L'équipe de NEHSI a profité de l'instauration d'une culture de planification fondée sur des données probantes pour y incorporer les technologies de l'information et de la communication (TIC) en vue d'améliorer la prestation des services, de renforcer les capacités locales en matière de soins de santé ...

  13. La Santé: Une Approche Écosystémique

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Le défi consiste à satisfaire les besoins humains sans altérer ni mettre en danger ... L'évolution de cette science a influencé la réflexion de médecins comme le docteur ... Pour les artisans d'une vision globale, l'humain et ses aspirations, son .... coûteux que bien des soins médicaux et des interventions en santé primaire.

  14. Santé | Page 18 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Les exigences des pays industrialisés en matière d'environnement, de santé et de salubrité sont parfois perçues, dans les pays en développement, comme des ... anthropology, and human cultural ecology, this book discusses issues surrounding the use of natural sources of food for the prevention of vitamin A deficiency.

  15. Renforcement de la recherche en santé en Afrique de l'Ouest | IDRC ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Le cours englobera le financement, le suivi et la supervision de projets de recherche donnés. En outre, les chercheurs concevront et mettront en oeuvre un système de gestion de l'information en santé dans chacun des quatre pays participants, en veillant à l'adapter comme il se doit et à y assortir la formation nécessaire.

  16. Irrigation, santé et sécurité alimentaire en Afrique : quels liens ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    2011-01-12

    Irrigation, santé et sécurité alimentaire en Afrique : quels liens ? January 12, 2011. Gérard Parent, Jean-Noël Poda, Noël-Marie Zagré, Renaud de Plaen, and Georges Courade ... Preserving the health of the Rio de la Plata ... set up by researchers from Uruguay and Canada, is improving the management and conservation.

  17. Régionalisation du recrutement du personnel de santé au Burkina ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Elle cherche également à identifier les facteurs associés à la satisfaction au travail de personnel de santé en fonction des modalités de recrutement. Ainsi, elle permettra aux décideurs de ... New website will help record vital life events to improve access to services for all. A new website and resource library will help ...

  18. Children's and adults' judgments of the certainty of deductive inferences, inductive inferences, and guesses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pillow, Bradford H; Pearson, Raeanne M; Hecht, Mary; Bremer, Amanda

    2010-01-01

    Children and adults rated their own certainty following inductive inferences, deductive inferences, and guesses. Beginning in kindergarten, participants rated deductions as more certain than weak inductions or guesses. Deductions were rated as more certain than strong inductions beginning in Grade 3, and fourth-grade children and adults differentiated strong inductions, weak inductions, and informed guesses from pure guesses. By Grade 3, participants also gave different types of explanations for their deductions and inductions. These results are discussed in relation to children's concepts of cognitive processes, logical reasoning, and epistemological development.

  19. Investigation of the inner structure of La Crosa de Sant Dalmai maar (Catalan Volcanic Zone, Spain)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bolós, Xavier; Barde-Cabusson, Stéphanie; Pedrazzi, Dario; Martí, Joan; Casas, Albert; Himi, Mahjoub; Lovera, Raúl

    2012-12-01

    La Crosa de Sant Dalmai volcano is the largest volcanic edifice of the Catalan Volcanic Zone (NE Spain). It is a very well preserved maar-type structure, 1.5 km in diameter, excavated at the contact between a hard substrate and a soft substrate formed by Palaeozoic granites and Pliocene and Quaternary gravels, respectively. In order to infer the uppermost inner structure of La Crosa de Sant Dalmai maar and to characterise its main geological and tectonic constraints, we have performed a multiparametric geophysical study including gravimetry, magnetometry, self-potential, and electrical resistivity tomography. The results obtained together with a field geology revision and additional geological data from two drill cores, provide a detailed picture of the post-eruptive maar infill sequence as well as of the uppermost part of the maar-diatreme structure. This information helps in understanding the origin and subsequent evolution of the volcano, which included an alternation of phreatomagmatic and Strombolian phases. Geophysical data show that the last Strombolian phase, which culminated with the formation of a scoria cone inside the maar, was associated with a NW-SE trending regional fault. The little erosion and degradation of the original tephra ring suggest a much younger age of La Crosa de Sant Dalmai maar than was previously stated.

  20. Jelly Views : Extending Relational Database Systems Toward Deductive Database Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Igor Wojnicki

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper regards the Jelly View technology, which provides a new, practical methodology for knowledge decomposition, storage, and retrieval within Relational Database Management Systems (RDBMS. Intensional Knowledge clauses (rules are decomposed and stored in the RDBMS founding reusable components. The results of the rule-based processing are visible as regular views, accessible through SQL. From the end-user point of view the processing capability becomes unlimited (arbitrarily complex queries can be constructed using Intensional Knowledge, while the most external queries are expressed with standard SQL. The RDBMS functionality becomes extended toward that of the Deductive Databases

  1. Independent effects of relevance and arousal on deductive reasoning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caparos, Serge; Blanchette, Isabelle

    2017-08-01

    Emotional content can have either a deleterious or a beneficial impact on logicality. Using standard deductive-reasoning tasks, we tested the hypothesis that the interplay of two factors - personal relevance and arousal - determines the nature of the effect of emotional content on logicality. Arousal was assessed using measures of skin conductance. Personal relevance was manipulated by asking participants to reason about semantic contents linked to an emotional event that they had experienced or not. Findings showed that (1) personal relevance exerts a positive effect on logicality while arousal exerts a negative effect, and that (2) these effects are independent of each other.

  2. L'écosanté, pour améliorer la santé humaine et préserver l ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    27 oct. 2010 ... Puis, en 1992, il a lancé le programme Santé, société et environnement, qui réunissait des spécialistes de divers domaines dans le but d'étudier les répercussions des facteurs environnementaux sur la santé. La création du programme Écosystèmes et santé humaine (ÉCOSANTÉ) en 1996 a permis de ...

  3. Deductive and inductive reasoning in obsessive-compulsive disorder.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pélissier, Marie-Claude; O'Connor, Kieron P

    2002-03-01

    This study tested the hypothesis that people with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) show an inductive reasoning style distinct from people with generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) and from participants in a non-anxious (NA) control group. The experimental procedure consisted of administering a range of six deductive and inductive tasks and a probabilistic task in order to compare reasoning processes between groups. Recruitment was in the Montreal area within a French-speaking population. The participants were 12 people with OCD, 12 NA controls and 10 people with GAD. Participants completed a series of written and oral reasoning tasks including the Wason Selection Task, a Bayesian probability task and other inductive tasks, designed by the authors. There were no differences between groups in deductive reasoning. On an inductive "bridging task", the participants with OCD always took longer than the NA control and GAD groups to infer a link between two statements and to elaborate on this possible link. The OCD group alone showed a significant decrease in their degree of conviction about an arbitrary statement after inductively generating reasons to support this statement. Differences in probabilistic reasoning replicated those of previous authors. The results pinpoint the importance of examining inference processes in people with OCD in order to further refine the clinical applications of behavioural-cognitive therapy for this disorder.

  4. Santísima Muerte, Vístete de Negro, Santísima Muerte, Vístete de Blanco”: La Santa Muerte’s Illegal Marginalizations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Desirée A. Martín

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available La Santísima Muerte, the death saint patron of the marginalized and dispossessed in Mexico, the United States, and beyond, is especially favored by devotees who identify with her duality between dark and light, and good and evil. Most of Santa Muerte’s devotees understand that good and evil coexist in her, and they often simultaneously appeal to both. At the same time, illegality and marginalization, which are generally associated with the saint’s “dark” or “evil” sides, take on multiple, diverse forms, encompassing criminalized activity such as narcotrafficking, religious transgressions that reflect unorthodox spiritual practices such as witchcraft, and most contentiously of all, the very conditions of poverty and racialization in Mexico. Nevertheless, cultural representations of Santa Muerte often resist such diversity and persist in opposing her dark and light sides. Films such as Eva Aridjis’s La Santa Muerte and Pável Valenzuela Arámburo’s La Santísima Muerte aim to represent all Santa Muerte in all of her multiplicity and to correct stereotypical representations of the death saint in general. But perhaps inadvertently, Aridjis’s film reinforces the contrast, rather than the intersections, between “light” and “dark”. However, in La Santísima Muerte, Valenzuela Arámburo deliberately embraces the saint’s contradictory duality to provide a different perspective on illegality and criminality, simultaneously accepting such illegality as a dark menace in the vein of Santa Muerte’s typical detractors, and rearticulating it as a necessary aspect of the saint’s holy works. Valenzuela Arámburo’s film not only emphasizes that the very same devotees invoke Santa Muerte for her powers of “good” as well as for those of “evil”, it demonstrates that these devotees incorporate the saint’s dark side as they see fit not as a consequence of their marginalized status, but as a means to resist it. Thus, while

  5. 76 FR 67572 - Medicare Program; Medicare Part B Monthly Actuarial Rates, Premium Rate, and Annual Deductible...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-01

    ... section 1839 of the Act, requires that, starting on January 1,2007, the Part B premium a beneficiary pays... private sector costs of this notice fall below this threshold as well. Executive Order 13132 establishes... B premium rate for 2012 is $99.90, which is equal to 50 percent of the monthly actuarial rate for...

  6. 75 FR 68790 - Medicare Program; Medicare Part B Monthly Actuarial Rates, Premium Rate, and Annual Deductible...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-09

    ... the Act, requires that, starting on January 1, 2007, the Part B premium a beneficiary pays each month... private sector costs of this notice fall below this threshold as well. Executive Order 13132 establishes... B premium rate for 2011 is $115.40, which is equal to 50 percent of the monthly actuarial rate for...

  7. 78 FR 64943 - Medicare Program; Medicare Part B Monthly Actuarial Rates, Premium Rate, and Annual Deductible...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-30

    ... section 1839 of the Act, requires that, starting on January 1, 2007, the Part B premium a beneficiary pays... governments or on the private sector. Executive Order 13132 establishes certain requirements that an agency... B premium rate for all enrollees for 2014 is $104.90, which is equal to 50 percent of the monthly...

  8. 77 FR 69850 - Medicare Program; Medicare Part B Monthly Actuarial Rates, Premium Rate, and Annual Deductible...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-21

    ... of the Actuary in the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services. The estimates underlying these determinations are prepared by actuaries meeting the qualification standards and following the actuarial... alternative analysis and financial projection purposes, and the Office of the Actuary has adopted this...

  9. 26 CFR 1.170A-1 - Charitable, etc., contributions and gifts; allowance of deduction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ..., and the deduction for, amounts paid to maintain certain students as members of the taxpayer's... money, the amount of the contribution is the fair market value of the property at the time of the... performing donated services is deductible. Similarly, out-of-pocket transportation expenses necessarily...

  10. 26 CFR 1.280C-1 - Disallowance of certain deductions for wage or salary expenses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... salary expenses. 1.280C-1 Section 1.280C-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE... certain deductions for wage or salary expenses. If an employer elects to claim the targeted jobs credit... deduction for wage or salary expenses paid or incurred in the year the credit is earned by the amount...

  11. Deductive Reasoning to Teach Newton's Law of Motion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Han Su; Park, Jongwon

    2013-01-01

    Finding out about and then understanding the forces acting on a moving object, based on a description of the change in motion of this object, is an important part of the conceptual understanding of Newton's law of motion. Using Hempel's deductive-normative model for scientific explanation, we developed a deductive explanation task (DET),…

  12. 24 CFR 17.134 - Procedures for salary offset: when deductions may begin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Procedures for salary offset: when deductions may begin. 17.134 Section 17.134 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary, Department... Government Salary Offset Provisions § 17.134 Procedures for salary offset: when deductions may begin. (a...

  13. Potential determinants of deductible uptake in health insurance: How to increase uptake in The Netherlands?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    K.P.M. Winssen van (Kayleigh); R.C. van Kleef (Richard); W.P.M.M. van de Ven (Wynand)

    2016-01-01

    textabstractIn health insurance, voluntary deductibles are offered to the insured in return for a premium rebate. Previous research has shown that 11 % of the Dutch insured opted for a voluntary deductible (VD) in health insurance in 2014, while the highest VD level was financially profitable for

  14. 37 CFR 251.73 - Deduction of costs of distribution proceedings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... OF CONGRESS COPYRIGHT ARBITRATION ROYALTY PANEL RULES AND PROCEDURES COPYRIGHT ARBITRATION ROYALTY PANEL RULES OF PROCEDURE Royalty Fee Distribution Proceedings § 251.73 Deduction of costs of... distributions of royalty fees are made, deduct the reasonable costs incurred by the Library of Congress and the...

  15. 29 CFR 3.6 - Payroll deductions permissible with the approval of the Secretary of Labor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Payroll deductions permissible with the approval of the Secretary of Labor. 3.6 Section 3.6 Labor Office of the Secretary of Labor CONTRACTORS AND SUBCONTRACTORS ON....6 Payroll deductions permissible with the approval of the Secretary of Labor. Any contractor or...

  16. 26 CFR 1.111-1 - Recovery of certain items previously deducted or credited.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... including deductions with respect to depreciation, depletion, amortization, or amortizable bond premiums... reserve by a taxpayer on the reserve method of treating bad debts, it was not deducted, and it is... of such recovery exclusion, consideration must be given to the effect of net operating loss...

  17. 26 CFR 1.1382-3 - Taxable income of cooperatives; special deductions for exempt farmers' cooperatives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... deductions for exempt farmers' cooperatives. 1.1382-3 Section 1.1382-3 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE... Patrons § 1.1382-3 Taxable income of cooperatives; special deductions for exempt farmers' cooperatives. (a) In general. (1) Section 1382(c) provides that in determining the taxable income of a farmers', fruit...

  18. 26 CFR 1.162-25T - Deductions with respect to noncash fringe benefits (temporary).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Deductions with respect to noncash fringe... Individuals and Corporations § 1.162-25T Deductions with respect to noncash fringe benefits (temporary). (a) Employer. If an employer includes the value of a noncash fringe benefit in an employee's gross income, the...

  19. 26 CFR 1.162-25 - Deductions with respect to noncash fringe benefits.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Deductions with respect to noncash fringe... Corporations § 1.162-25 Deductions with respect to noncash fringe benefits. (a) [Reserved] (b) Employee. If an employer provides the use of a vehicle (as defined in § 1.61-21(e)(2)) to an employee as a noncash fringe...

  20. 76 FR 71450 - Deduction for Qualified Film and Television Production Costs; Correction

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-18

    ... Deduction for Qualified Film and Television Production Costs; Correction AGENCY: Internal Revenue Service... Register on Wednesday, October 19, 2011 (76 FR 64816) relating to deductions for the cost of producing film and television productions. DATES: This correction is effective on November 18, 2011, and is...

  1. 76 FR 64879 - Deduction for Qualified Film and Television Production Costs

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-19

    ... Deduction for Qualified Film and Television Production Costs AGENCY: Internal Revenue Service (IRS... regulations relating to deductions for the costs of producing film and television productions. Those temporary... production costs. (a) * * * (1) * * * (ii) [The text of this proposed amendment to Sec. 1.181- 1(a)(1)(ii) is...

  2. Proof Construction: Adolescent Development from Inductive to Deductive Problem-Solving Strategies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foltz, Carol; And Others

    1995-01-01

    Studied 100 adolescents' approaches to problem-solving proofs and reasoning competence tasks. Found that a formal level of reasoning competence is associated with a deductive approach. Results support the notion of a cognitive development progression from an inductive approach to a deductive approach. (ETB)

  3. Modeling the Effects of Argument Length and Validity on Inductive and Deductive Reasoning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rotello, Caren M.; Heit, Evan

    2009-01-01

    In an effort to assess models of inductive reasoning and deductive reasoning, the authors, in 3 experiments, examined the effects of argument length and logical validity on evaluation of arguments. In Experiments 1a and 1b, participants were given either induction or deduction instructions for a common set of stimuli. Two distinct effects were…

  4. 26 CFR 1.168(k)-1 - Additional first year depreciation deduction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Additional first year depreciation deduction. 1... Corporations § 1.168(k)-1 Additional first year depreciation deduction. (a) Scope and definitions—(1) Scope. This section provides the rules for determining the 30-percent additional first year depreciation...

  5. An analytic tableaux model for Deductive Mastermind empirically tested with a massively used online learning system

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gierasimczuk, N.; van der Maas, H.L.J.; Raijmakers, M.E.J.

    2013-01-01

    The paper is concerned with the psychological relevance of a logical model for deductive reasoning. We propose a new way to analyze logical reasoning in a deductive version of the Mastermind game implemented within a popular Dutch online educational learning system (Math Garden). Our main goal is to

  6. Cultural Difference in Stereotype Perceptions and Performances in Nonverbal Deductive Reasoning and Creativity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wong, Regine; Niu, Weihua

    2013-01-01

    A total of 182 undergraduate students from China and the United States participated in a study examining the presence of stereotypical perceptions regarding creativity and deductive reasoning abilities, as well as the influence of stereotype on participants' performance on deductive reasoning and creativity in nonverbal form. The results showed…

  7. 26 CFR 20.2056(b)-4 - Marital deduction; valuation of interest passing to surviving spouse.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... surviving spouse. (a) In general. The value, for the purpose of the marital deduction, of any deductible... expenses could include executor commissions and attorney fees (except to the extent of commissions or fees... executor properly makes an election under section 2056(b)(7) to treat as qualified terminable interest...

  8. 38 CFR 8.4 - Deduction of insurance premiums from compensation, retirement pay, or pension.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS NATIONAL SERVICE LIFE INSURANCE Premiums § 8.4 Deduction of insurance premiums from compensation, retirement pay, or pension. The insured under a National Service life insurance policy which is not lapsed may authorize the monthly deduction of premiums from disability...

  9. Milieux relationnels Xpey’ : un cadre analytique pour conceptualiser l’équité en santé autochtone

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandra Kent

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction : Si la recherche sur l’équité en santé et la recherche sur la santé autochtone ont toutes deux pour objectif de promouvoir des résultats équitables en santé parmi les populations marginalisées et à moindre accès aux soins, elles fonctionnent souvent de manière indépendante et sans collaboration, conduisant à une sous-représentation des populations autochtones dans la recherche sur l’équité en santé relativement au fardeau disproportionné des inégalités subies. Dans cet article méthodologique, nous présentons Milieux relationnels Xpey’, un cadre analytique qui décrit certains obstacles et éléments facilitateurs en matière d’équité en santé pour les peuples autochtones. Méthodologie : La recherche sur l’équité en santé doit se concentrer sur les populations autochtones et les méthodologies autochtonisées, changement qui pourrait combler les lacunes dans les connaissances et contribuer à combler le fossé observé en santé autochtone. Dans ce cadre, le programme de recherche Optique d’équité en santé publique (Equity Lens in Public Health, ELPH a adopté le cadre analytique Milieux relationnels Xpey’ pour que la recherche sur la priorisation et la mise en oeuvre de l’équité en santé soit davantage centrée sur les populations autochtones. Le cadre analytique a ajouté à notre méthodologie une optique autochtonisée d’équité en santé qui a facilité la reconnaissance des déterminants sociaux, structurels et systémiques de la santé autochtone. Pour éprouver ce cadre analytique, nous avons mené une étude de cas pilote portant sur l’une des autorités sanitaires régionales de la Colombie-Britannique, consistant en un examen des politiques et des plans de référence et intégrant des entrevues et des groupes de travail avec du personnel de première ligne, des gestionnaires et des hauts dirigeants. Conclusion : L’application à ELPH de Milieux relationnels Xpey

  10. La fabrique sociale : autonomisation et légitimation dans le domaine de l’information de santé

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adrian Staii

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Plus d’un Français sur trois cherche des informations de santé sur Internet, une tendance en augmentation constante ces dernières années. Les autorités traditionnelles (médecins, experts, etc. sont confrontées à des informations et à des représentations alternatives de la maladie (issues des forums, blogs, sites des associations, etc.. Dans une société où il est constamment invité à se prendre en charge, l’individu ne peut plus déléguer entièrement la gestion de sa santé. Les évolutions actuelles de l’information de santé font ainsi écho à des mutations sociales d’ampleur et elles gagnent à être interprétées à la lumière de leurs conditions structurantes : renouvellement de la confiance dans les systèmes experts, autonomisation sociale et propagation de la culture du « bien être ». Ce texte est principalement consacré à l’analyse de ces conditions d’ampleur. Leur articulation avec l’information de santé sera discutée dans une dernière partie à travers la présentation des résultats d’une recherche empirique portant sur les forums de santé.

  11. Caracterización química de la vidriera de Sant Pere i Sant Jaume (segundo cuarto del s. XIV, Monestir de Pedralbes, Barcelona

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gimeno, D.

    2002-04-01

    Full Text Available Several architectural medieval stained glass (1330 a.C. from Pedralbes monastery’s church (Barcelona, Spain have been characterised chemically. This note explains the results obtained with EMPA, representative of bulk chemistry of several coloured glasses (white, green, pink, blue, yellow, red coming from the Sant Pere and Sant Jaume stained-glass window. Most of them are Na-rich (13-19 % Na2O homogeneous in colour and composition, and show minor variations in bulk chemistry related with colour (i.e., CuO in the 1.6-6 % range in green glass. Singularly, red glass is K-rich (16.5 % K2O, 14 % CaO, and was elaborated in a way technologically more sophisticated (it is a plaqué glass, with a red Cu-rich layer sandwiched between a white transparent Cu-poor glass similar in composition. While Na-rich glasses are mostly unaltered, K-rich ones show moderate corrosion and partial loss of transparency. Dominance of Na-rich glasses in the stained glass windows (rare at that time, if we consider the present state of the art allowed an excellent conservation. Despite of the presence of mortar covering, patina, etc., bulk chemistry of the glass shows its value as a diagnostic tool in an early evaluation of the state of decay of an stained glass window.

    Se han caracterizado químicamente diferentes tipos de vidrios arquitectónicos originales de la iglesia del Monestir de Pedralbes, Barcelona (realizados hacia 1330. Esta nota expone los resultados obtenidos mediante el empleo de microsonda electrónica en vidrios de varios colores (blanco, verde, rosado, azul, amarillo, rojo de la vidriera de Sant Pere y Sant Jaume. Corresponden esencialmente a vidrios sódicos (dentro del rango 13-19 % de Na2O de coloración y composición homogénea, con elementos que actúan como colorante (p.e., CuO en rango 1.6-6 % en los vidrios verdes. El vidrio rojo, potásico, es una excepción notable (16.5 % K2O, 14 % CaO, tecnológicamente diferente (vidrio

  12. Exploring the Rate and Causes of Deductions Imposed on Social Security and Health Insurance`s Bills Related to Inpatients in Two Hospitals Affiliated with Tabriz University of Medical Sciences

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hossein Rezvanjou

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Background and Objectives: Annually, a large amount of fees that are paid by hospitals, will not be reimbursed as deductions by health insurance which imposes irreparable financial losses on hospitals. The purpose of this study was to determine the amount of deductions imposed on social security and health insurance`s bills and its causes related to inpatients in two hospitals affiliated with Tabriz University of Medical Sciences. Material and Methods: This was a cross-sectional study conducted in Alavi and Madani hospitals affiliated with Tabriz University of Medical Sciences by using 2015 data.  Researcher-designed checklist was used for data collecting. According to population size, census method and random sampling were used in Alavi and Madani hospitals, respectively. Gathered data were analyzed through descriptive statistics assisted by Excel v.13 software. Results: In the studied hospitals, most of the deductions in the Alavi and Madani hospitals were related to charge of surgeon and angioplasty, respectively. Also, in Alavi Hospital among deductions factors, the most repeated one was extra application in contrary to determined tariffs. In both hospitals, the role of the human factor in cases of error cannot be denied. Extra applications, inaccuracy in registration costs and lack of knowledge of the approved insurance tariffs are the main important factors influential on the deduction. Conclusion: Due to high rates of preventable deductions in both hospitals and being given the multiplicity and variety of services offered at the health centers, establishing income monitoring unit in hospitals and use of experienced staff is inevitable.

  13. Implication des partenaires dans la campagne québécoise de promotion de la santé « Défi Santé 5/30 »

    OpenAIRE

    Martel, Guillaume; Renaud, Lise; Caron-Bouchard, Monique; Gagnon, Louis; Pelletier, Marie-Claude

    2015-01-01

    Cette étude porte sur la gestion des partenariats en promotion de la santé et s’inscrit dans une étude de cas du « Défi Santé 5/30 ». Cette campagne québécoise multimédia promouvant de saines habitudes d’alimentation, d’activité physique et de maintien/modification du poids, de douze semaines, s’est déroulée en 2005. Le but de notre article est de : 1) décrire les acteurs de la campagne et leur implication  ; 2) relever l’interaction entre ces acteurs pendant le déroulement du « Défi Santé 5/...

  14. Amortized deduction as a source of the real financing of industrial modernization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergey Ivanovich Tatynov

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available In the process of creating a new concept of the financial mechanism, it is important, in our opinion, to construct a mechanism for depreciation of fixed assets of enterprises, adequate to the goals of the national economy modernization. It seems appropriate to establish a depreciation model which will allow the state to conduct depreciation policy differentiated by branches of the national economy and on specific territories. In addition, depreciation deductibles must be real, that means, they should be accumulated on the accounts and not just be tax exemptions. There are expressions of the Russian economists, that it is possible to ensure the realization of revenues depreciation on special accounts under threat of possible penalties. The solution of this problem, it seems, can be achieved through mandatory enrollment of depreciation amounts into the escrow bank accounts without withdrawing the funds before the expiration of the depreciation period of fixed assets of the owners. The yield on bank deposits in the Russian market, as a rule, does not exceed the Central Bank refinancing rate. Keeping money in the long term on such conditions is not economically feasible - a negative return on these investments is guaranteed, but if the federal government has helped to ensure a nominal rate of return of deposits to 10% (in a given period of time at the expense of its resources, then our proposal could have lost the character of economic voluntarism. If all accrued depreciation (2 348 641 million rubles will be placed on deposit accounts and the credit system of the Russian Federation will provide holders an annual yield of 10% (at the rate of inflation 8.8%, the annual subsidy amount will be 28 183.7 million rubles. In this case, the credit system receives a resource for the issuance of long-term loans. Taking into account the banking margin of 2%, the annual interest on long-term loans could amount (in terms of the current time 10-12% of annual

  15. Inferential Role and the Ideal of Deductive Logic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thomas Hofweber

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Although there is a prima facie strong case for a close connection between the meaning and inferential role of certain expressions, this connection seems seriously threatened by the semantic and logical paradoxes which rely on these inferential roles. Some philosophers have drawn radical conclusions from the paradoxes for the theory of meaning in general, and for which sentences in our language are true. I criticize these overreactions, and instead propose to distinguish two conceptions of inferential role. This distinction is closely tied to two conceptions of deductive logic, and it is the key, I argue, for understanding first the connection between meaning and inferential role, and second what the paradoxes show more generally.

  16. Diagnosing Allergic Contact Dermatitis Through Elimination, Perception, Detection and Deduction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pongpairoj, Korbkarn; Puangpet, Pailin; Thaiwat, Supitchaya; McFadden, John P

    2017-10-01

    Several authors have commented upon the skills of detection required in making a diagnosis of allergic contact dermatitis. Here, we emphasise the search for clues in a systematic manner. We describe four stages as part of a systematic method for diagnosing allergic contact dermatitis. Firstly, elimination (or inclusion) of non-allergic diagnoses. Secondly, perception: the pre-patch test diagnosis and the 'three scenarios' principle. Thirdly, detection: optimising the sensitivity of the patch test process. Fourthly, deduction: diagnosing allergic contact dermatitis by associating the dermatitis with the allergen exposure. We further compare and contrast the pre-patch test history and examination with the markedly different one ('microhistory' and 'microexamination') used after patch testing. The importance of knowledge of contact dermatitis literature is emphasised with a review of recent publications. Finally, we also highlight the use of contact allergy profiling as an investigative tool in the diagnosis of allergic contact dermatitis.

  17. 26 CFR 25.2523(e)-1 - Marital deduction; life estate with power of appointment in donee spouse.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... satisfied and S is treated as having a general power to appoint 100/250 of the entire interest in the 250... 26 Internal Revenue 14 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Marital deduction; life estate with power of... Deductions § 25.2523(e)-1 Marital deduction; life estate with power of appointment in donee spouse. (a) In...

  18. Impacts du bruit sur la santé, présentation du projet DEBATS (Discussion sur les Effets du Bruit des Aéronefs Touchant la Santé).

    OpenAIRE

    EVRARD, Anne-Sophie; KHATI, Inès; LAUMON, Bernard; CHAMPELOVIER, Patricia; LAMBERT, Jacques

    2012-01-01

    L’exposition au bruit des avions pourrait avoir des conséquences importantes pour la santé. Toutefois, celles-ci sont actuellement insuffisamment évaluées, tout du moins en France. La DGS en collaboration avec l’Acnusa a donc sollicité l’Ifsttar pour mettre en place un programme de recherche épidémiologique appelé DEBATS. L'objectif est de mieux connaître et mieux quantifier les effets du bruit des avions sur la santé en adoptant une approche globale caractérisant les relati...

  19. un_focus - La santé : Une approche écosystémique | CRDI - Centre ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    En avril 2001, il a reçu le tout premier Prix Reconnaissance attribué par la Faculté des sciences de l'UQÀM, pour avoir « fait œuvre de pionnier en aidant les pays en développement à préserver l'équilibre de leurs écosystèmes et à assurer la santé de leurs populations ». Edición español: Leer e-libro / Descargar PDF.

  20. un_focus - La santé : Une approche écosystémique | IDRC ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    En avril 2001, il a reçu le tout premier Prix Reconnaissance attribué par la Faculté des sciences de l'UQÀM, pour avoir « fait œuvre de pionnier en aidant les pays en développement à préserver l'équilibre de leurs écosystèmes et à assurer la santé de leurs populations ». Edición español: Leer e-libro / Descargar PDF.

  1. Medically Unexplained Physical Symptoms in Military Health (Symptomes physiques medicalement inexpliques dans la sante militaire)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-12-01

    REPORT TR-HFM-175 Medically Unexplained Physical Symptoms in Military Health (Symptômes physiques médicalement inexpliqués dans la santé militaire...STO TECHNICAL REPORT TR-HFM-175 Medically Unexplained Physical Symptoms in Military Health (Symptômes physiques médicalement inexpliqués dans...The General Internist 10-7 10.5.1 The Health Psychologist 10-8 10.5.2 Medical Specialists 10-8 10.5.3 The Physiatrist 10-9 10.5.4 The Physical

  2. Degradation de l'environnement et sante de la population dans la ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Formulant, selon l'approche hypothéco-déductive, l'hypothèse que dans la ville de Duékoué, l'état de santé de la population est étroitement lié à l'état de dégradation de son environnement, nous avons fait le choix méthodologique de la recherche documentaire et de l'enquête de terrain. Après ces recherches, nous ...

  3. De la ferme à la fourchette : liens entre productivité, nutrition et santé ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    20 sept. 2013 ... Ce projet met à l'essai une démarche qui va « de la ferme à la fourchette » et qui établit des liens entre l'agriculture, d'une part, et la santé et la nutrition, d'autre part, pour s'attaquer aux problèmes que pose la sécurité alimentaire au Guyana, à Trinité-et-Tobago, à Saint-Kitts-et-Nevis. et à Sainte-Lucie.

  4. Téléphones mobiles au service des travailleurs en santé ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Téléphones mobiles au service des travailleurs en santé communautaire. On évalue à près de neuf millions le nombre d'enfants qui meurent chaque année de maladies qui pourraient être traités si les normes nord-américaines ou européennes en matière de soins étaient plus répandues. L'Organisation mondiale de la ...

  5. Assurer l'accès aux soins de santé au Bangladesh | CRDI - Centre ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    29 janv. 2018 ... Les activités relatives à la cybersanté et à la santé mobile ont été lancées à la fin des années 1990. Une étude de ces services qui a été menée par des chercheurs de l'International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research du Bangladesh (ICDDR,B), avec le financement du CRDI, a permis de cibler plus ...

  6. Vers une couverture santé universelle équitable - études de cas ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    L'OMS a demandé à un groupe formé d'éthiciens de la santé de l'Inde, de la Zambie, de la Thaïlande, de l'Ouganda, de l'Éthiopie, de la Norvège, du Royaume-Uni et des États-Unis d'établir des lignes directrices qui aideront les pays à résoudre les problèmes d'ordre éthique que pose la mise en place d'une couverture ...

  7. La singularit? du patient tuberculeux dans le syst?me de sant?: l'exp?rience du Burkina Faso

    OpenAIRE

    Zerbo, Roger

    2013-01-01

    La d?marche pluridisciplinaire s'impose de plus en plus dans le secteur de la sant? dans le contexte africain, o? les parcours th?rapeutiques sont pluriels et les rapports des usagers des centres de sant? sont complexes et peu satisfaisants. La compr?hension des repr?sentations de la maladie est n?cessaire pour offrir des soins appropri?s certes, mais l'exp?rience individuelle des malades repr?sente ?galement une source de savoir. Les donn?es ont ?t? collect?es ? travers des entretiens semi-d...

  8. Service contract of Renault Kerax 440 truck with deductible and policy limit coverage modification

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bustami, Pasaribu, Udjianna. S.; Husniah, Hennie

    2016-02-01

    In this paper we discuss a service contracts with coverage modification that only offer preventive maintenance and corrective maintenance for Renault Kerax 440 Truck by service contract provider. Corrective maintenance costs is modified with deductible and policy limit during the period of the service contract. Demand for a service contract is only influenced by the price of the service contract, deductible, and policy limit offered by producer to consumer. The main problem in this thesis is determining the price of a service contract, deductible, and policy limit to get maximum profit for producer for each of service contract.

  9. The Possibility of Deduction of Environmental Liabilities in Expropriation for Each Breach of Environmental Rural Property

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo Nasser Sefer

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to address the deductibility of environmental liability indemnification of quantum measured in the expropriation of rural property that failed to fulfill its environmental function. The Federal Constitution of 1988, provided for the possibility to expropriate rural property that failed to comply with its social and environmental role. On the subject, the Federal Regional Court of the 1st Region does not signed a single position on this opportunity to deduct the environmental liability, generating as a result, legal uncertainty for landowners and the community itself, being the Institute of Colonization and Agrarian Reform - INCRA the correct deduction.

  10. Editorial: Alimentation méditerranéenne et santé [Mediterranean diet and health

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Malika BOUCHENAK

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Ce numéro de Nutrition & Santé est un retour sur le 2 Congrès International de la Société Algérienne de Nutrition qui s'est tenu du 13 au 15 octobre 2015, à Alger, et dont la thématique principale portait sur l'Alimentation méditerranéenne et la santé. L'alimentation méditerranéenne représente un véritable trésor culturel et culinaire, prônant la consommation de certains aliments, comme les fruits, les légumes, les légumineuses, les grains entiers, les noix, le poisson. De plus, l'un de ses piliers repose sur la consommation de l'huile d'olive, dont les avantages sont nombreux. A cet effet, l'OMS et la FAO ont reconnu le régime méditerranéen comme un modèle d'alimentation de qualité, sain et durable. Par ailleurs, les régimes méditerranéens traditionnels sont nutritionnellement appropriés, avec des teneurs variées en graisses totales, faibles en acides gras saturés et très faibles en acides gras Trans, et riches en fibres et en vitamines et flavonoïdes antioxydants.

  11. Aristotle’s Theory of Deduction and Paraconsistency

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Evandro L. Gomes

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available In the Organon Aristotle describes some deductive schemata in which inconsistencies do not entail the trivialization of the logical theory involved. This thesis is corroborated by three different theoretical topics by him discussed, which are presented in this paper. We analyse inference schema used by Aristotle in the Protrepticus and the method of indirect demonstration for categorical syllogisms. Both methods exemplify as Aristotle employs classical reductio ad absurdum strategies. Following, we discuss valid syllogisms from opposite premises (contrary and contradictory studied by the Stagerian in the Analytica Priora (B15. According to him, the following syllogisms are valid from opposite premises, in which small Latin letters stand for terms such as subject and predicate, and capital Latin letters stand for the categorical propositions such as in the traditional notation: (i in the second figure, Eba,Aba ` Eaa (Cesare, Aba, Eba ` Eaa (Camestres, Eba, I ba ` Oaa (Festino, and Aba,Oba ` Oaa (Baroco; (ii in the third one, Eab,Aab ` Oaa (Felapton, Oab,Aab ` Oaa (Bocardo and Eab, Iab ` Oaa (Ferison. Finally, we discuss the passage from the Analytica Posteriora (A11 in which Aristotle states that the Principle of Non-Contradiction is not generally presupposed in all demonstrations (scientific syllogisms, but only in those in which the conclusion must be proved from the Principle; the Stagerian states that if a syllogism of the first figure has the major term consistent, the other terms of the demonstration can be each one separately inconsistent. These results allow us to propose an interpretation of his deductive theory as a broad sense paraconsistent theory. Firstly, we proceed to a hermeneutical analysis, evaluating its logical significance and the interplay of the results with some other points of Aristotle’s philosophy. Secondly, we point to a logical interpretation of the Aristotelian syllogisms from opposite premises in the antilogisms

  12. 29 CFR 541.603 - Effect of improper deductions from salary.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... REGULATIONS DEFINING AND DELIMITING THE EXEMPTIONS FOR EXECUTIVE, ADMINISTRATIVE, PROFESSIONAL, COMPUTER AND OUTSIDE SALES EMPLOYEES Salary Requirements § 541.603 Effect of improper deductions from salary. (a) An...

  13. The legitimating fact in the transcendental deduction of the categories: on Dieter Henrich's reading of Kant

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christian Klotz

    Full Text Available This article reconstructs the principal moments of Dieter Henrich's work on Immanuel Kant's theoretical philosophy. Henrich seeks to clarify and regain the fundaments of Kant's theory of knowledge - from which his followers, according to him, have distanced themselves - based on the analysis of the "transcendental deduction of the categories". Firstly, Henrich investigates the proof structure of deduction, comparing the first and the second edition of Critique of Pure Reason. Secondly, he investigates, in the Kantian argument, the relationship between the identity principle of self-consciousness and objectivity. Finally, extending the comparison to Critique of Practical Reason, Henrich elucidates the program and methodology in deduction, showing that the idea of a legitimating fact, borrowed from the juridical notion of a deduction, becomes the fundamental element. We analyse the problems raised by the conception of a philosophical argument based on fundamental "facts".

  14. 26 CFR 1.276-1 - Disallowance of deductions for certain indirect contributions to political parties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    .... Notwithstanding any other provision of law, no deduction shall be allowed for income tax purposes in respect of... entertainment, food, and the ballroom, and all proceeds are paid to the hotel where the function is held, with...

  15. 78 FR 18235 - Treatment of Services Under Section 482; Allocation of Income and Deductions From Intangible...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-26

    ... DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY Internal Revenue Service 26 CFR Part 1 Treatment of Services Under Section 482; Allocation of Income and Deductions From Intangible Property; Stewardship Expense CFR...; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 1505-01-D ...

  16. Institutions de recherche sur les politiques et ODD liés à la santé ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Institutions de recherche sur les politiques et ODD liés à la santé ... Ce projet permettra de tirer des enseignements sur l'utilité des think tanks pour soutenir la sensibilisation et la mobilisation des citoyens eu égard à la mise en ... Site internet.

  17. Site d'enfouissement de Mbeubeuss : Étude de l'impact sur la santé ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Cette montagne de déchets constitue une source de pollution de l'air, de l'eau et du sol. Elle comporte aussi des risques sur la santé des populations riveraines ... The much anticipated GrowInclusive Platform now under construction. IDRC partner the World Economic Forum is building a hub for inclusive growth solutions.

  18. Systèmes d'information sur la santé Transposer les données ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    28 mars 2013 ... Au pire, un système d'information sur la santé dysfonctionnel peut entraîner la non-satisfaction des besoins fondamentaux de la population. Briser le ... Five IDRC-supported health systems researchers talk about how their work is improving primary health care for mothers and children, and changin.

  19. ÉTUDE DE CAS — Inde : Suivi de la santé et du bien-être dans la ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    10 janv. 2011 ... Mais ses effets, tant néfastes que favorables, sur la santé et le ... dans la région minière : si les effets sont néfastes ou favorables; .... ÉTUDE DE CAS — Équateur (les pesticides) : L'intoxication par les pesticides en Équateur.

  20. Mise sur pied d'un institut mondial de la santé au Moyen-Orient et en ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    La région du Moyen-Orient et de l'Afrique du Nord (MOAN) se trouve à ... la nature et la magnitude des besoins en matière de santé et la fourniture de services connexes. ... Le CRDI félicite la première cohorte de chercheuses en science des ...

  1. Exploring Qualitatively-Derived Concepts: Inductive—Deductive Pitfalls

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Janice M. Morse

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available Analytic induction is a sacred tenet of qualitative inquiry. 1 Therefore, when one begins a project focusing on concept of interest (rather than allowing the concepts to emerge from the data per se, how does one maintain a valid approach? When commencing inquiry with a chosen concept or phenomena of interest, rather than with a question from the data per se about what is going on, how does one control deductive tendencies to see what one desires to see and which threaten validity? Difficulties stem from the nature of induction itself – Is analytic induction an impossible operation in qualitative research, as Popper (1963/65 suggests? In this section, we first discuss Popper's concern, followed by a discussion of two major threats that may prevent an inductive approach in qualitative research.2 The first threat is the “pink elephant paradox;? the second is the avoidance of conceptual tunnel vision or, specifically, how does the researcher decontextualize the concept of interest from the surrounding context and thereby avoid the tendency to consider all data to be pertinent to the concept of interest? As we explore each of these pitfalls, and we present methodological strategies to maintain both the integrity of the concept and the integrity of the research.

  2. Automated Reuse of Scientific Subroutine Libraries through Deductive Synthesis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lowry, Michael R.; Pressburger, Thomas; VanBaalen, Jeffrey; Roach, Steven

    1997-01-01

    Systematic software construction offers the potential of elevating software engineering from an art-form to an engineering discipline. The desired result is more predictable software development leading to better quality and more maintainable software. However, the overhead costs associated with the formalisms, mathematics, and methods of systematic software construction have largely precluded their adoption in real-world software development. In fact, many mainstream software development organizations, such as Microsoft, still maintain a predominantly oral culture for software development projects; which is far removed from a formalism-based culture for software development. An exception is the limited domain of safety-critical software, where the high-assuiance inherent in systematic software construction justifies the additional cost. We believe that systematic software construction will only be adopted by mainstream software development organization when the overhead costs have been greatly reduced. Two approaches to cost mitigation are reuse (amortizing costs over many applications) and automation. For the last four years, NASA Ames has funded the Amphion project, whose objective is to automate software reuse through techniques from systematic software construction. In particular, deductive program synthesis (i.e., program extraction from proofs) is used to derive a composition of software components (e.g., subroutines) that correctly implements a specification. The construction of reuse libraries of software components is the standard software engineering solution for improving software development productivity and quality.

  3. A system for deduction-based formal verification of workflow-oriented software models

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Klimek Radosław

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The work concerns formal verification of workflow-oriented software models using the deductive approach. The formal correctness of a model’s behaviour is considered. Manually building logical specifications, which are regarded as a set of temporal logic formulas, seems to be a significant obstacle for an inexperienced user when applying the deductive approach. A system, along with its architecture, for deduction-based verification of workflow-oriented models is proposed. The process inference is based on the semantic tableaux method, which has some advantages when compared with traditional deduction strategies. The algorithm for automatic generation of logical specifications is proposed. The generation procedure is based on predefined workflow patterns for BPMN, which is a standard and dominant notation for the modeling of business processes. The main idea behind the approach is to consider patterns, defined in terms of temporal logic, as a kind of (logical primitives which enable the transformation of models to temporal logic formulas constituting a logical specification. Automation of the generation process is crucial for bridging the gap between the intuitiveness of deductive reasoning and the difficulty of its practical application when logical specifications are built manually. This approach has gone some way towards supporting, hopefully enhancing, our understanding of deduction-based formal verification of workflow-oriented models.

  4. The Dimensionality of Reasoning: Inductive and Deductive Inference can be Explained by a Single Process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hayes, Brett K; Stephens, Rachel G; Ngo, Jeremy; Dunn, John C

    2018-02-01

    Three-experiments examined the number of qualitatively different processing dimensions needed to account for inductive and deductive reasoning. In each study, participants were presented with arguments that varied in logical validity and consistency with background knowledge (believability), and evaluated them according to deductive criteria (whether the conclusion was necessarily true given the premises) or inductive criteria (whether the conclusion was plausible given the premises). We examined factors including working memory load (Experiments 1 and 2), individual working memory capacity (Experiments 1 and 2), and decision time (Experiment 3), which according to dual-processing theories, modulate the contribution of heuristic and analytic processes to reasoning. A number of empirical dissociations were found. Argument validity affected deduction more than induction. Argument believability affected induction more than deduction. Lower working memory capacity reduced sensitivity to argument validity and increased sensitivity to argument believability, especially under induction instructions. Reduced decision time led to decreased sensitivity to argument validity. State-trace analyses of each experiment, however, found that only a single underlying dimension was required to explain patterns of inductive and deductive judgments. These results show that the dissociations, which have traditionally been seen as supporting dual-processing models of reasoning, are consistent with a single-process model that assumes a common evidentiary scale for induction and deduction. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2018 APA, all rights reserved).

  5. 6. Qualité de l'air et santé

    OpenAIRE

    Annesi-Maesano, Isabella

    2017-01-01

    La pollution de l’air est une altération des niveaux de qualité et de pureté de l’air d’origine naturelle ou liée aux émissions anthropiques de polluants. Au siècle dernier, en termes de santé publique, l’augmentation massive des émissions de polluants atmosphériques, dues à la croissance économique et industrielle, a fait de la qualité de l’air un problème majeur, pour un grand nombre de pays d’Europe et d’Amérique du Nord, et un problème émergent pour les autres pays du monde. De nos jours,...

  6. L'état de santé de la population de la ville de Suceava.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria-Magdalena LUPCHIAN

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available La structure de la morbidité d’après les causes des maladies à Suceava relève quelques aspects qui montrent que lapopulation de la ville a connu un processus de la transition épidémiologique, manifesté par lacroissance du pourcentage des maladies chroniques et dégénératives, par la réduction dupourcentage des maladies infectieuses et parasitaires, par le remplacement des taux élevés dela mortalité par des taux élevés de la morbidité et par des taux élevés de la mortalité despersonnes âgées. La structure de la morbidité au niveau de la ville de Suceava reflète la grandeimportance des maladies de l’appareil respiratoire (46,6% dans la totalité des maladies quiaffectent les citadins. L’analyse des malades chroniques donne une image plus claire de l’étatde santé de la population. Les malades chroniques sont les personnes les plus touchées par lesmaladies qui ont un caractère permanent ; la maladie chronique implique la permanence de lasurveillance médicale, le traitement médicamenteux permanent et diminue la capacité detravail temporairement ou définitivement. Au niveau de la population de la ville, les maladeschroniques représentent presque 40% avec des variations entre 53,8% dans les quartierspéricentraux et 24% dans le quartier Obcine, en relation avec l’âge moyen de la population.On peut tirer la conclusion que l’état de santé de la population de la ville est clairementinfluencé par l’âge et par le style de vie des citadins, un style de vie qui a connu deschangements importants après 1989. Le fait que les citadins bénéficient d’un meilleur accèsaux services sanitaires peut être mis en évidence par la comparaison de l’état de santé descitadins et des citoyens du milieu rural mais cette approche n’est pas caractéristique pour notreétude. Les mêmes facteurs déterminent aussi les différences intra urbaines ; on peutindividualiser le quartier central et les quartiers p

  7. Santé et biens communs : un regard de juriste.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isabelle Moine-Dupuis

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available La santé constitue un domaine dans lequel les notions de bien commun ou de bien public mondial sont particulièrement pertinentes. Il faut cependant préciser de quels biens il est question. A titre d’exemple, le droit français comporte des notions susceptibles de qualifier le droit aux soins (comme droit inaliénable, ou le médicament, objet de propriété intellectuelle comme de propriété « traditionnelle ». Un droit international des biens de santé peut de la même manière être fondé sur un droit d’usage de chacun sur la molécule qui est la même dans le médicament générique et celui de marque. Une procédure d’accès équivalent aux produits, brevetés ou non, pourrait être mise en œuvre par principe dès la découverte, afin de parvenir rapidement à des prix équitables.Health is a field particularly suitable for notions as commons or public goods. It is necessary however to know which goods may be concerned. For instance, French lawyers use concepts which can be used in order to qualify right to care (as an inalienable right, or medicine as an object of intellectual property as well as “traditional” one. An international law for health goods could be also based on a right of use for each person on the molecule which is the same in the generic drug or in the patented one. A process of “equivalent access” to licensed or free products could be initiated, from the discovery itself to the use, in order to obtain rapidly fair prices.

  8. Réforme du système de santé axée sur les droits et l'équité dans l ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Or, aucune réglementation ne régit le secteur privé de la santé, si bien qu'on assiste à des inégalités dans l'accès aux services et que les ressources en santé sont ... The private sector is the largest health provider in India, and unregulated private healthcare is resulting in inequitable access to services and irrational or ...

  9. What is the role of induction and deduction in reasoning and scientific inquiry?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lawson, Anton E.

    2005-08-01

    A long-standing and continuing controversy exists regarding the role of induction and deduction in reasoning and in scientific inquiry. Given the inherent difficulty in reconstructing reasoning patterns based on personal and historical accounts, evidence about the nature of human reasoning in scientific inquiry has been sought from a controlled experiment designed to identify the role played by enumerative induction and deduction in cognition as well as from the relatively new field of neural modeling. Both experimental results and the neurological models imply that induction across a limited set of observations plays no role in task performance and in reasoning. Therefore, support has been obtained for Popper's hypothesis that enumerative induction does not exist as a psychological process. Instead, people appear to process information in terms of increasingly abstract cycles of hypothetico-deductive reasoning. Consequently, science instruction should provide students with opportunities to generate and test increasingly complex and abstract hypotheses and theories in a hypothetico-deductive manner. In this way students can be expected to become increasingly conscious of their underlying hypothetico-deductive thought processes, increasingly skilled in their application, and hence increasingly scientifically literate.

  10. Are there reasons to challenge a symbolic computationalist approach in explaining deductive reasoning?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Faiciuc, Lucia E

    2008-06-01

    The majority of the existing theories explaining deductive reasoning could be included in a classic computationalist approach of the cognitive processes. In fact, deductive reasoning could be seen to be the pinnacle of the symbolic computationalism, its last fortress to be defended in the face of new, dynamic, and ecological perspectives over cognition. But are there weak points in that position regarding deductive reasoning? What would be the reasons for which new perspectives could gain in credibility? What could be their most important tenets? The answers given to those questions in the paper include two main points. The first one is that the present empirical data could not sustain unambiguously one view over the other, that they are obtained in artificial experimental conditions, and that there are data that are not easily explainable using the traditional computationalist paradigm. The second one is that approaching the deductive reasoning from dynamic and ecological perspectives could have significant advantages. The most obvious one is the possibility to integrate more easily the research regarding the deductive reasoning with the results obtained in other domains of the psychology (especially in what respects the lower cognitive processes), in artificial intelligence or in neurophysiology. The reasons for that would be that such perspectives, as they are sketched in the paper, would imply, essentially, processes of second-order pattern formation and recognition (as it is the case for perception), embodied cognition, and dynamic processes as the brain ones are.

  11. De l’émancipation à l’institutionnalisation : santé sexuelle et droits sexuels

    OpenAIRE

    Giami, Alain

    2016-01-01

    Le concept de santé sexuelle est apparu au début des années 1970 dans le cadre de l’OMS dans le but de formuler une conception positive de la vie sexuelle ancrée dans le champ de la santé et fondée sur le bien-être, le plaisir et le respect de l’autre. Au cours de la même période, les organisations liées à l’ONU ont commencé à inclure les questions de planification familiale et la lutte contre les violences envers les femmes dans l’univers des droits de l’homme. La convergence de ces deux lig...

  12. ABRÉGÉ / La santé – une approche écosystémique | CRDI - Centre ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    20 déc. 2010 ... À partir de cette liste de revendications, l'équipe du Tata Energy Research Institute a déterminé des indices de bien-être et de la qualité de vie, ... aux prises avec des situations où l'environnement affecte la santé des populations, une démarche immédiatement applicable qui évolue vers la définition de ...

  13. L'agriculture au service de l'amélioration de la nutrition et de la santé

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    L'agriculture a fait des progrès remarquables au cours des dernières décennies, mais on ne peut en dire autant quant à l'amélioration de la nutrition et de la santé des pauvres des pays en développement, qui accuse un retard. Partenaire de longue date du CRDI, le Groupe consultatif pour la recherche agricole ...

  14. Intégration d'un ensemble d'interventions de soins de santé ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Les chercheurs examineront des stratégies visant à mettre en ¿uvre des services améliorés de soins de santé maternelle et de nutrition infantile, de dépistage du cancer du col de l'utérus et de soutien en vue de l'autonomisation des femmes grâce à des activités d'interventions communautaires menées par les deux ...

  15. Améliorer la santé des mères et des enfants dans des contextes ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    18 janv. 2018 ... Elle étudie également des stratégies visant à améliorer les services de soins de santé maternelle et de nutrition infantile et à répondre au besoin croissant de dépistage du cancer du col de l'utérus. Selon le Dr Emmanuel Ochola, responsable du projet, les efforts de communication déployés par les deux ...

  16. La recherche-action participative appliquée aux systèmes de santé ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    4 déc. 2014 ... Une nouvelle publication, intitulée Participatory Action Research in Health Systems: a methods reader, a été lancée à l'occasion du troisième Symposium mondial sur la recherche sur les systèmes de santé, qui s'est tenu au Cap, en Afrique du Sud, du 30 septembre au 3 octobre 2014. Ce guide des ...

  17. Comment utiliser les TIC pour s'attaquer aux problèmes de santé ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    On appelle souvent cybersanté l'utilisation des technologies de l'information et de la communication (TIC) dans les systèmes de santé. L'importance accordée par le CRDI à la fois au renforcement des capacités et à l'influence exercée sur les politiques façonne depuis plus de dix ans les divers projets de recherche en ...

  18. Étude des soins de santé primaires dispensés dans les pays du ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Les chercheurs effectueront une recension des écrits et une analyse documentaire, s'entretiendront avec des personnes clés, organiseront des groupes de discussion avec des intervenants de premier plan et réaliseront une enquête auprès de patients qui reçoivent des soins de santé primaires et de professionnels qui les ...

  19. Établir des liens pour améliorer la santé maternelle au Pérou | CRDI ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    29 janv. 2018 ... Des discussions ont été entreprises avec les fournisseurs de services de téléphonie mobile du Pérou concernant le financement de ce service à l'échelle nationale. Un jour, les Péruviens et Péruviennes auront peut-être tous un dossier de cybersanté. La santé de la population et la qualité des soins s'en ...

  20. Atténuation des risques pour la santé dans le secteur de la poterie ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    En effet, les potiers utilisent un carburant de piètre qualité (de la poussière de coton et du coton mazouté) pour faire fonctionner leurs fours en briques, ce qui engendre une importante pollution atmosphérique, contribuant ainsi aux problèmes de santé majeurs dans les secteurs environnants. Le présent projet vise à ...

  1. Les percées de la Tanzanie en matière de services de santé | CRDI ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    15 oct. 2010 ... Les épidémies (de VIH/sida et de paludisme, entre autres) qui ravageaient le pays avaient fait monter en flèche le taux de mortalité. Ainsi, en 1990 ... La situation a changé grâce au Projet d'interventions essentielles en santé en Tanzanie (PIEST), mené en collaboration par le Centre de recherches pour le ...

  2. Investigating Primary School Mathematics Teachers’ Deductive Reasoning Ability through Varignon’s Theorem

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jupri, A.

    2017-09-01

    The responsibility to promote the growth of deductive reasoning ability of school students through learning mathematics is in the hand of mathematics teachers and particularly primary school mathematics teachers. However, how we can make sure whether teachers are able to do so. To investigate this issue, we conducted a three-step of an exploratory survey study. First, we designed tasks from the Varignon’s theorem. Second, we administered an individual written test involving twenty master students of primary education program, in which they are prospective of and primary school mathematics teachers. Finally, we address the results in the light of Van Hiele theory. The results showed that participated students lack of deductive reasoning ability in the context of geometry. For further research, we wonder whether the designed tasks are also applicable to assess student deductive reasoning ability if the students have acquired appropriate teaching.

  3. 26 CFR 301.6682-1 - False information with respect to withholding allowances based on itemized deductions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 18 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false False information with respect to withholding allowances based on itemized deductions. 301.6682-1 Section 301.6682-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE... Amounts § 301.6682-1 False information with respect to withholding allowances based on itemized deductions...

  4. 26 CFR 1.179B-1T - Deduction for capital costs incurred in complying with Environmental Protection Agency sulfur...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Deduction for capital costs incurred in... capital costs incurred in complying with Environmental Protection Agency sulfur regulations (temporary... the deduction allowable under section 179B(a) for qualified capital costs paid or incurred by a small...

  5. 26 CFR 1.221-2 - Deduction for interest due and paid on qualified education loans before January 1, 2002.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... Individuals § 1.221-2 Deduction for interest due and paid on qualified education loans before January 1, 2002... interest due and paid by the taxpayer during the taxable year on a qualified education loan. The deduction is allowed only with respect to interest due and paid on a qualified education loan during the first...

  6. 29 CFR 3.5 - Payroll deductions permissible without application to or approval of the Secretary of Labor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Payroll deductions permissible without application to or approval of the Secretary of Labor. 3.5 Section 3.5 Labor Office of the Secretary of Labor CONTRACTORS AND... STATES § 3.5 Payroll deductions permissible without application to or approval of the Secretary of Labor...

  7. 18 CFR 367.4082 - Account 408.2, Taxes other than income taxes, other income and deductions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... ACT OF 2005, FEDERAL POWER ACT AND NATURAL GAS ACT Income Statement Chart of Accounts Service Company Operating Income § 367.4082 Account 408.2, Taxes other than income taxes, other income and deductions. This... other than income taxes, other income and deductions. 367.4082 Section 367.4082 Conservation of Power...

  8. 26 CFR 1.280F-2T - Limitations on recovery deductions and the investment tax credit for certain passenger...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... investment tax credit for certain passenger automobiles (temporary). 1.280F-2T Section 1.280F-2T Internal... TAXES Items Not Deductible § 1.280F-2T Limitations on recovery deductions and the investment tax credit for certain passenger automobiles (temporary). (a) Limitation on amount of investment tax credit—(1...

  9. 18 CFR 367.4112 - Account 411.2, Provision for deferred income taxes-Credit, other income and deductions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ..., Provision for deferred income taxes-Credit, other income and deductions. 367.4112 Section 367.4112... deferred taxes and deferrals of taxes, credit, that relate to other income and deductions. ... Accounts Service Company Operating Income § 367.4112 Account 411.2, Provision for deferred income taxes...

  10. 26 CFR 1.163-3 - Deduction for discount on bond issued on or before May 27, 1969.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... case of a callable bond, at the earlier call date) over the issue price of the bond (as defined in... 26 Internal Revenue 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Deduction for discount on bond issued on or... and Corporations § 1.163-3 Deduction for discount on bond issued on or before May 27, 1969. (a...

  11. Himne a Sant Zenon: canvi de significació de la tradició.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ferran Aguiló Coll

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Sovint la percepció que tenim de la tradició popular ens remet a conceptes atemporals i inalterables. Realment però, la transformació dels actes populars ens mostren el caràcter inevitablement canviant d'una cultura. A través de l'expressió col·lectiva, a més, podem arribar a percebre com una població es veu a si mateixa i com observa i entén el món. El cant de l'Himne de Sant Zenon d'Arenys de Mar ens mostra aquest fenomen gràcies a la popularització i massificació que ha aconseguit. En els últims vint anys, aquest acte pseudoreligiós ha creat, entre vilatans, una gran controvèrsia a causa de la nova manera d'interpretar aquest fet musical. L'estudi pretén mostrar una perspectiva diacrònica sobre com ha anat canviant la recepció i la conceptualització del fenomen. Analitzant d'aquesta manera, com els canvis socials arriben a modificar les funcions de la tradició i com a conseqüència es canvien els significats i la manera de viure i d'expressar un fet musical.

  12. Iglesia de la Santísima Trinidad en Viena-Austria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gerhard Mayr, Fritz

    1979-05-01

    Full Text Available The profession of the designer of the Holy Trinity Church is clearly reflected ¡n this work, one of the most interesting Austrian religious buildings. His Sculptor trade does not impose on him any technical or social condition, but rather, affords him the necessary freedom to search for religious feeling through the most varied means and media. Thus, using 152 blocks of different sizes and shapes, he constructs a diversified sculptoric volume where the parochial facilities and the church proper are housed. These blocks, alternating with glazed surfaces, help to create inside a feeling of quiet seclusion so necessary in this type of buildings.

    La profesión del autor de la iglesia de la Santísima Trinidad queda claramente reflejada en su obra, una de las realizaciones religiosas austríacas más interesantes. Su carácter de escultor no le impone condicionantes técnicos o sociales, por el contrario, le deja libre para buscar el sentido religioso por los medios más distintos. Así, mediante 152 bloques de diferentes tamaños y formas configura un diversificado volumen escultórico en el que distribuye ios locales parroquiales y la iglesia propiamente dicha. Estos bloques, alternando con las variadas superficies acristaladas, contribuyen a crear en el interior el ambiente de recogimiento tan necesario en este tipo de construcciones.

  13. 26 CFR 1.642(h)-2 - Excess deductions on termination of an estate or trust.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... trust. 1.642(h)-2 Section 1.642(h)-2 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES Estates, Trusts, and Beneficiaries § 1.642(h)-2...)) in excess of gross income, the excess is allowed under section 642(h)(2) as a deduction to the...

  14. 26 CFR 20.2044-1 - Certain property for which marital deduction was previously allowed.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... inclusion of property in the decedent-spouse's gross estate under this section, the executor of the spouse's... interest. For example, to establish that a deduction was not taken, the executor may produce a copy of the..., the executor may establish that no return was filed on the original transfer by the decedent because...

  15. 26 CFR 20.2106-2 - Estates of nonresidents not citizens; deductions for expenses, losses, etc.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... deductions, the executor should submit a certified copy of the schedule of liabilities, claims against the... schedule was filed, the executor should submit a certified copy of the schedule of these liabilities... schedules were filed, then there should be submitted a written statement of the foreign executor containing...

  16. 26 CFR 1.611-1 - Allowance of deduction for depletion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 7 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Allowance of deduction for depletion. 1.611-1... depletion. (a) Depletion of mines, oil and gas wells, other natural deposits, and timber—(1) In general... mines, oil and gas wells, other natural deposits, and timber, a reasonable allowance for depletion. In...

  17. Deductive Reasoning and Social Anxiety : Evidence for a Fear-confirming Belief Bias

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vroling, Maartje S.; de Jong, Peter J.

    2009-01-01

    This study investigated the relationship between belief bias and fear of negative evaluation. Belief bias refers to a bias in deductive reasoning that acts to confirm rather than falsify prior beliefs. Participants (N = 52) with varying levels of fear of negative evaluation completed a belief bias

  18. 76 FR 60721 - Deduction for Qualified Film and Television Production Costs

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-30

    ... which the costs are paid (for an owner who uses the cash receipts and disbursements method of accounting) or incurred (for an owner who uses an accrual method of accounting). The deduction under section 181... Bernard P. Harvey, Office of Associate Chief Counsel (Income Tax and Accounting). However, other personnel...

  19. 26 CFR 1.691(b)-1 - Allowance of deductions and credit in respect to decedents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES Income in Respect of Decedents § 1.691(b)-1..., and taxes described in sections 162, 163, 164, and 212 for which the decedent (or a prior decedent... to pay such obligation, as a deduction by the person who by bequest, devise, or inheritance from the...

  20. 7 CFR 400.136 - Procedures for salary offset; when deductions may begin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Procedures for salary offset; when deductions may... Management-Regulations for the 1986 and Succeeding Crop Years § 400.136 Procedures for salary offset; when... amount outlined in the Notice of Intent to collect from the employee's salary, as provided for in § 400...

  1. 38 CFR 1.991 - Procedures for salary offset: when deductions may begin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Procedures for salary offset: when deductions may begin. 1.991 Section 1.991 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS GENERAL PROVISIONS Salary Offset Provisions § 1.991 Procedures for salary offset...

  2. 26 CFR 1.825-1 - Unused loss deduction; in general.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES Mutual Insurance Companies (other Than Life and Certain Marine Insurance Companies and Other Than Fire Or Flood Insurance Companies Which Operate on Basis of Perpetual Policies Or...) provides that the unused loss deduction of a mutual insurance company subject to the tax imposed by section...

  3. Take the "Ow!" Out of Taxes Now: How to Plan for and Increase Your Medical Deductions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Medisky, Shannon M.

    2009-01-01

    Each year countless taxpayers overpay simply because they're not taking full advantage of medical deductions. Individuals with disabilities are especially at risk. Time and energy spent running around to doctor visits, therapy sessions, and the like can leave little left to spend on preparing taxes. Fortunately, with a little effort year round and…

  4. Student Teachers’ Proof Schemes on Proof Tasks Involving Inequality: Deductive or Inductive?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosyidi, A. H.; Kohar, A. W.

    2018-01-01

    Exploring student teachers’ proof ability is crucial as it is important for improving the quality of their learning process and help their future students learn how to construct a proof. Hence, this study aims at exploring at the proof schemes of student teachers in the beginning of their studies. Data were collected from 130 proofs resulted by 65 Indonesian student teachers on two proof tasks involving algebraic inequality. To analyse, the proofs were classified into the refined proof schemes level proposed by Lee (2016) ranging from inductive, which only provides irrelevant inferences, to deductive proofs, which consider addressing formal representation. Findings present several examples of each of Lee’s level on the student teachers’ proofs spanning from irrelevant inferences, novice use of examples or logical reasoning, strategic use examples for reasoning, deductive inferences with major and minor logical coherence, and deductive proof with informal and formal representation. Besides, it was also found that more than half of the students’ proofs coded as inductive schemes, which does not meet the requirement for doing the proof for the proof tasks examined in this study. This study suggests teacher educators in teacher colleges to reform the curriculum regarding proof learning which can accommodate the improvement of student teachers’ proving ability from inductive to deductive proof as well from informal to formal proof.

  5. 26 CFR 1.911-6 - Disallowance of deductions, exclusions, and credits.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... related to a class of gross income are personal and family medical expenses, qualified retirement... place of work is in a foreign country, deductible moving expenses will be allocable to foreign earned... received or accrued. This rule applies for all individuals, regardless of their method of accounting. (iii...

  6. NaDeA: A Natural Deduction Assistant with a Formalization in Isabelle

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Villadsen, Jørgen; Jensen, Alexander Birch; Schlichtkrull, Anders

    2017-01-01

    We present a new software tool for teaching logic based on natural deduction. Its proof system is formalized in the proof assistant Isabelle such that its definition is very precise. Soundness of the formalization has been proved in Isabelle. The tool is open source software developed in TypeScript...

  7. NaDeA: A Natural Deduction Assistant with a Formalization in Isabelle

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Villadsen, Jørgen; Jensen, Alexander Birch; Schlichtkrull, Anders

    2015-01-01

    We present a new software tool for teaching logic based on natural deduction. Its proof system is formalized in the proof assistant Isabelle such that its definition is very precise. Soundness of the formalization has been proved in Isabelle. The tool is open source software developed in TypeScript...

  8. Bursar Accounts, Payroll Deduction, and Debt Collection: A Three-Channel Approach to Lost Item Reimbursement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Snowman, Ann MacKay

    2005-01-01

    In 2003, Penn State Libraries implemented payroll deduction and collection agency programs to gain better control of accounts receivable. The author reports on the implementation processes and first year outcomes of the programs. She recommends careful consideration of several questions before implementing such measures.

  9. Functional Orientation and Practice of Inductive and Deductive Approaches to Grammar Teaching in EFL

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邵阳

    2011-01-01

    To solve the ambiguous understanding of Grammar Teaching position,based on explicit grammatical knowledge,this paper discusses the grammar position in EFL,compares both its pros and cons between deductive and inductive approaches,and indicates that grammar teaching by either approach alone has disadvantages,should adopt a combination technique.

  10. 26 CFR 1.270-1 - Limitation on deductions allowable to individuals in certain cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... cultivates, operates, or manages a farm for gain or profit, either as owner or tenant. An individual who... provisions relating to activities not engaged in for profit applicable to taxable years beginning after... THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES Items Not Deductible § 1.270-1 Limitation...

  11. The introduction of deductibles for prescription drugs in a national health insurance: Compulsory or voluntary?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    F.M. Bakker (Frank); R.C.J.A. van Vliet (René)

    1995-01-01

    textabstractWe consider a situation of full insurance coverage for prescription drugs where, at a certain point in time, people are given the opportunity to take a deductible in exchange for a lower premium. Four determinants of this premium reduction can be considered: expected out-of-pocket

  12. 18 CFR 367.4092 - Account 409.2, Income taxes, other income and deductions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... POWER ACT AND NATURAL GAS ACT Income Statement Chart of Accounts Service Company Operating Income § 367... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Account 409.2, Income taxes, other income and deductions. 367.4092 Section 367.4092 Conservation of Power and Water Resources...

  13. The direct and immediate link test regarding deduction of input VAT

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Dennis Ramsdahl; Stensgaard, Henrik

    2014-01-01

    It follows explicitly from the EC VAT Directive that the deduction of input VAT depends on a positive link between on the one hand the incurred expenses and on the other hand the planned or actually completed taxed output transactions. In theory and in practice the deeper nature of this link...

  14. Opinions on Tax Deductions and the Consensus Effect in a Survey-Experiment

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Heijden, E.C.M.; Nelissen, J.H.M.; Potters, J.J.M.

    2004-01-01

    We present the results of a survey-experiment using a representative sample of the Dutch population in which we relate respondents' opinion about the tax deductibility of mortgages to their estimates about other people's opinion.The experiment employs three treatment variables: monetary incentives,

  15. Are there two processes in reasoning? The dimensionality of inductive and deductive inferences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stephens, Rachel G; Dunn, John C; Hayes, Brett K

    2018-03-01

    Single-process accounts of reasoning propose that the same cognitive mechanisms underlie inductive and deductive inferences. In contrast, dual-process accounts propose that these inferences depend upon 2 qualitatively different mechanisms. To distinguish between these accounts, we derived a set of single-process and dual-process models based on an overarching signal detection framework. We then used signed difference analysis to test each model against data from an argument evaluation task, in which induction and deduction judgments are elicited for sets of valid and invalid arguments. Three data sets were analyzed: data from Singmann and Klauer (2011), a database of argument evaluation studies, and the results of an experiment designed to test model predictions. Of the large set of testable models, we found that almost all could be rejected, including all 2-dimensional models. The only testable model able to account for all 3 data sets was a model with 1 dimension of argument strength and independent decision criteria for induction and deduction judgments. We conclude that despite the popularity of dual-process accounts, current results from the argument evaluation task are best explained by a single-process account that incorporates separate decision thresholds for inductive and deductive inferences. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2018 APA, all rights reserved).

  16. 48 CFR 1352.228-71 - Deductibles under required insurance coverage-cost reimbursement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... insurance coverage-cost reimbursement. 1352.228-71 Section 1352.228-71 Federal Acquisition Regulations... Provisions and Clauses 1352.228-71 Deductibles under required insurance coverage—cost reimbursement. As... Coverage—Cost Reimbursement (APR 2010) (a) The contractor is required to present evidence of the amount of...

  17. Individuality and social influence in groups : Inductive and deductive routes to group identity

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Postmes, T; Spears, R; Lee, AT; Novak, RJ

    2005-01-01

    A distinction between forms of social identity formation in small interactive groups is investigated. In groups in which a common identity is available or given, norms for individual behavior may be deduced; from group properties (deductive identity). In groups in which interpersonal relations are

  18. Calculating the Weather: Deductive Reasoning and Disciplinary "Telos" in Cleveland Abbe's Rhetorical Transformation of Meteorology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Majdik, Zoltan P.; Platt, Carrie Anne; Meister, Mark

    2011-01-01

    This paper explores the rhetorical basis of a major paradigm change in meteorology, from a focus on inductive observation to deductive, mathematical reasoning. Analysis of Cleveland Abbe's "The Physical Basis of Long-Range Weather Forecasts" demonstrates how in his advocacy for a new paradigm, Abbe navigates the tension between piety to tradition…

  19. Interpreting clinical trial results by deductive reasoning: In search of improved trial design.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kurbel, Sven; Mihaljević, Slobodan

    2017-10-01

    Clinical trial results are often interpreted by inductive reasoning, in a trial design-limited manner, directed toward modifications of the current clinical practice. Deductive reasoning is an alternative in which results of relevant trials are combined in indisputable premises that lead to a conclusion easily testable in future trials. © 2017 WILEY Periodicals, Inc.

  20. 26 CFR 1.642(c)-1 - Unlimited deduction for amounts paid for a charitable purpose.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... the election was made, (iii) The office of the district director, or the service center, where the....642(c)-1 Unlimited deduction for amounts paid for a charitable purpose. (a) In general. (1) Any part... election, to a related estate, as defined under § 1.645-1(b), for the amount so paid. (2) In determining...

  1. 76 FR 81059 - Guidance Regarding Deduction and Capitalization of Expenditures Related to Tangible Property

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-27

    ... and necessary trade or business expenses) and section 263(a) (relating to the capitalization... is not deductible as a business expense. Section 1.162-11(b) of the existing regulations also... court explained that repair and maintenance expenses are incurred for the purpose of keeping property in...

  2. Language Learning of Children with Typical Development Using a Deductive Metalinguistic Procedure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Finestack, Lizbeth H.

    2014-01-01

    Purpose: In the current study, the author aimed to determine whether 4- to 6-year-old typically developing children possess requisite problem-solving and language abilities to produce, generalize, and retain a novel verb inflection when taught using an explicit, deductive teaching procedure. Method: Study participants included a cross-sectional…

  3. 26 CFR 20.2053-3 - Deduction for expenses of administering estate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... (CONTINUED) ESTATE AND GIFT TAXES ESTATE TAX; ESTATES OF DECEDENTS DYING AFTER AUGUST 16, 1954 Taxable Estate... permitted by § 20.2053-1 even though the deduction, as such, was not claimed on the estate tax return or in... expenses include such expenses as court costs, surrogates' fees, accountants' fees, appraisers' fees, clerk...

  4. Reliability of a patient survey assessing cost-related changes in health care use among high deductible health plan enrollees

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Galbraith Alison A

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Recent increases in patient cost-sharing for health care have lent increasing importance to monitoring cost-related changes in health care use. Despite the widespread use of survey questions to measure changes in health care use and related behaviors, scant data exists on the reliability of such questions. Methods We administered a cross-sectional survey to a stratified random sample of families in a New England health plan's high deductible health plan (HDHP with ≥ $500 in annualized out-of-pocket expenditures. Enrollees were asked about their knowledge of their plan, information seeking, behavior change associated with having a deductible, experience of delay in care due in part to cost, and hypothetical delay in care due in part to cost. Initial respondents were mailed a follow-up survey within two weeks of each family returning the original survey. We computed several agreement statistics to measure the test-retest reliability for select questions. We also conducted continuity adjusted chi-square, and McNemar tests in both the original and follow-up samples to measure the degree to which our results could be reproduced. Analyses were stratified by self-reported income. Results The test-retest reliability was moderate for the majority of questions (0.41 - 0.60 and the level of test-retest reliability did not differ substantially across each of the broader domains of questions. The observed proportions of respondents with delayed or foregone pediatric, adult, or any family care were similar when comparing the original and follow-up surveys. In the original survey, respondents in the lower-income group were more likely to delay or forego pediatric care, adult care, or any family care. All of the tests comparing income groups in the follow-up survey produced the same result as in the original survey. Conclusions In this population of HDHP beneficiaries, we found that survey questions concerning plan knowledge, information

  5. 26 CFR 1.162-10T - Questions and answers relating to the deduction of employee benefits under the Tax Reform Act of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... of employee benefits under the Tax Reform Act of 1984; certain limits on amounts deductible... and Corporations § 1.162-10T Questions and answers relating to the deduction of employee benefits... amendment of section 404(b) by the Tax Reform Act of 1984 affect the deduction of employee benefits under...

  6. 26 CFR 1.1400L(b)-1 - Additional first year depreciation deduction for qualified New York Liberty Zone property.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 11 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Additional first year depreciation deduction for... to Individuals' Title 11 Cases § 1.1400L(b)-1 Additional first year depreciation deduction for...-percent additional first year depreciation deduction allowable under section 1400L(b) for qualified New...

  7. Les enjeux éthiques de l’élaboration des politiques publiques favorables à la santé : réflexion et illustration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Danielle Blondeau

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Au Québec, en vertu de la Loi sur la santé publique (L.R.Q. chapitre S-2.2, 2001, article 54, le ministre de la Santé a un droit de regard sur les mesures prévues par les autres ministères dans leurs lois et règlements qui pourraient avoir un impact significatif sur la santé de la population. Ainsi, les acteurs de santé publique du palier central ont cherché à soutenir la mise en oeuvre de cet article, de manière à favoriser l’adoption de politiques publiques favorables à la santé. Ce texte examine les enjeux éthiques liés à l’élaboration de telles politiques. Après avoir exposé les tensions entre bien individuel et bien commun ainsi que les valeurs de justice sociale, responsabilité et démocratie qui y sont reliées, nous illustrerons les enjeux éthiques à travers l’exemple du cinémomètre photographique comme mesure visant à augmenter la sécurité routière.

  8. 关于企业所得税扣除的几个问题%Several Issues Concerning Deduction of Enterprise Income Tax

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谭珩

    2012-01-01

    本文对企业所得税扣除的概念、分类和意义进行了理论探讨。认为,传统的税前扣除概念不足以涵盖扣除的全部内容,所得税扣除既包括税前扣除,也包括税额扣除。关于扣除的种类,可以划分为税基式扣除与税额式扣除;对人的扣除与对物的扣除;全额扣除、限额扣除和超额扣除;收益性支出扣除和资本性支出扣除;经济性扣除与政策性扣除。关于扣除的意义,本文认为,扣除是所得税原理的必然要求;扣除可以避免侵蚀资本,维持社会简单再生产;扣除可以为企业获取适当利润提供制度保障,使企业扩大再生产成为可能;扣除是政府实现某种宏观调控目标的重要手段;扣除是消除国际重复征税的重要方式。%This paper explores theoretically the concept, category and significance of deduction of enterprise income tax. The author holds that deduction of income tax includes not only deduction before tax but also deduction from tax payable, while traditional concept of deduction before tax cannot cover the entire content. Deduction can be categorized into: deduction from tax base and deduction from tax payable; person-based deductions and object-based deductions; deduction in full amounts, limited deduction and excess deduction; deduction of profitable expenses and deduction of capital expenses; economic deduction and policy-based deduction. For the significance of deduction, this paper holds that deduction is required by the theory of income tax. Deduction can prevent the capital from eroding and maintain the simple reproduction of society. It provides institutional guarantee for enterprise to earn appropriate profit and makes it possible to expand reproduction. Deduction is an important vehicle for the government to achieve the goal of macroeconomic adjustments and controls. It is also an important method to eliminate international double taxation.

  9. Greek classicism in living structure? Some deductive pathways in animal morphology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zweers, G A

    1985-01-01

    Classical temples in ancient Greece show two deterministic illusionistic principles of architecture, which govern their functional design: geometric proportionalism and a set of illusion-strengthening rules in the proportionalism's "stochastic margin". Animal morphology, in its mechanistic-deductive revival, applies just one architectural principle, which is not always satisfactory. Whether a "Greek Classical" situation occurs in the architecture of living structure is to be investigated by extreme testing with deductive methods. Three deductive methods for explanation of living structure in animal morphology are proposed: the parts, the compromise, and the transformation deduction. The methods are based upon the systems concept for an organism, the flow chart for a functionalistic picture, and the network chart for a structuralistic picture, whereas the "optimal design" serves as the architectural principle for living structure. These methods show clearly the high explanatory power of deductive methods in morphology, but they also make one open end most explicit: neutral issues do exist. Full explanation of living structure asks for three entries: functional design within architectural and transformational constraints. The transformational constraint brings necessarily in a stochastic component: an at random variation being a sort of "free management space". This variation must be a variation from the deterministic principle of the optimal design, since any transformation requires space for plasticity in structure and action, and flexibility in role fulfilling. Nevertheless, finally the question comes up whether for animal structure a similar situation exists as in Greek Classical temples. This means that the at random variation, that is found when the optimal design is used to explain structure, comprises apart from a stochastic part also real deviations being yet another deterministic part. This deterministic part could be a set of rules that governs

  10. The clinical differential approach of Sante De Sanctis in Italian "scientific" psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lombardo, Giovanni Pietro; Cicciola, Elisabetta

    2006-01-01

    Sante De Sanctis, a psychiatrist and psychologist, is one of the most representative figures of Italian "scientific" psychology. He is considered one of the founders of the discipline as well as one of its main protagonists in the years between the two World Wars. Both with his extensive scientific productions (which include more than three hundred works) and with his uninterrupted institutional activity, he has left his significant mark on the history of Italian psychology. He was the first professor of Experimental Psychology and was internationally known: some of his works have been published in French, Swiss, American, German, Scandinavian, and English journals, and some of his volumes have been translated into English and German. Together with the other psychologists of the second generation (Binet, Külpe, Münsterberg, Stern, Claparède, Ebbinghaus), he was the Italian psychologist who decided to enrich the classical paradigm of Wundt's physiological psychology, by developing during the twentieth century the program of methodological and epistemological enlargement of the discipline. In his fundamental treatise Psicologia Sperimentale, written in 1929-30, a clear modern conception of psychology emerged: it jointly included both the generalist aspect (with some studies on psychophysical proportionality, thought mimicry, dreams, attention, emotions, etc.) and the applicative one, which included psychopathology, labor psychology, educational psychology, and criminal psychology, all seen in a general experimental framework. The present paper aims precisely to highlight the originality of De Sanctis' experimentalism that applied the differential clinical approach to the discipline of psychology, causing it for the first time in Italy to be seen in a unitary way as both general and applied psychology.

  11. Cirque du Monde en tant qu’intervention en santé

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fournier, Cynthia; Drouin, Mélodie-Anne; Marcoux, Jérémie; Garel, Patricia; Bochud, Emmanuel; Théberge, Julie; Aubertin, Patrice; Favreau, Gil; Fleet, Richard

    2014-01-01

    Résumé Objectif Présenter le programme Cirque du Monde du Cirque du Soleil et son potentiel en tant qu’intervention en soins de santé de première ligne pour les médecins de famille. Sources des données Une revue de la littérature menée dans les bases de données PubMed, Cochrane Library, PsycINFO, La Presse, Eureka, Google Scholar et Érudit à l’aide des mots-clés circus, social circus, Cirque du Monde et Cirque du Soleil. Une initiative à Montréal nommée Espace Transition qui s’inspire directement de Cirque du Monde. Communication personnelle avec le conseiller principal en formation en cirque social du Cirque du Soleil. Sélection d’études Les 50 premiers articles ou sites Internet répertoriés pour chaque mot-clé dans chacune des bases de données ciblées ont été révisés sur la base des titres et des résumés, s’il s’agissait d’un article, ou sur la base du titre et du contenu de la page, s’il s’agissait d’une page Internet. Ensuite, les articles et les sites Internet qui étudiaient un aspect du cirque social ou qui présentaient une intervention impliquant le cirque étaient retenus pour une révision. Aucune contrainte d’année de publication n’a été appliquée étant donné qu’on cherchait une littérature générale sur le cirque social. Synthèse Aucun article n’a été trouvé sur le cirque social en tant qu’intervention en santé. Nous avons trouvé une étude sur l’utilisation du cirque en tant qu’intervention en milieu scolaire. Cette étude a démontré une augmentation de l’estime personnelle des enfants grâce à l’intervention. Nous avons trouvé une étude sur l’utilisation du cirque en tant qu’intervention sur une réserve amérindienne. Cette étude présente des résultats qualitatifs non spécifiques au programme du cirque social. Les autres articles répertoriés n’étaient que des descriptions du cirque social. Un site web concernant l’utilisation du cirque social pour

  12. Le cuivre sur les surfaces en milieux de santé pour lutter contre les infections nosocomiales

    OpenAIRE

    Masson , Julien-Luc

    2015-01-01

    Non disponible / Not available; Les infections nosocomiales sont devenues un enjeu de Santé Publiqueprimordial. Les antibiotiques et les mesures d’hygiène deviennent insuffisantspour éradiquer ces infections.D’autres méthodes doivent être mises en oeuvre afin de permettre unemeilleure prévention. Parmi celles-ci, nous pouvons agir sur la diminution durisque de contact aux microorganismes.Au niveau des surfaces environnementales, il faudrait un matériau deremplacement à ceux utilisés habituell...

  13. Systèmes de santé équitables : à qui revient la facture ? | IDRC ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    24 oct. 2012 ... Les pays à faible revenu, de leur côté, s'efforcent d'offrir à leurs citoyens ce qui est déjà monnaie courante ailleurs : un accès à des services de santé ... à revenu intermédiaire s'appuient sur des sources variées : régimes d'assurance publics et privés, impôts et taxes directs et indirects, frais imposés aux ...

  14. Amélioration de la qualité des soins de santé maternelle pour les ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    L'Amérique latine est le siège des plus grandes inégalités dans le monde, notamment sur le plan de l'accès à des services de santé de qualité. Compte tenu de facteurs tels que l'isolement géographique, l'accès limité à l'eau potable, à l'assainissement et à la nourriture, ainsi qu'une mauvaise compréhension des ...

  15. Santé des mères et des adolescentes en Afrique de l'Ouest : vers ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Un nombre élevé de femmes et d'adolescentes continuent de mourir en couches au Niger et au Bénin. Le défi réside dans la façon de régler ce problème. Ce projet vise à améliorer la piètre qualité des services de santé destinés aux mères et aux adolescentes afin de trouver une solution durable à la mortalité évitable.

  16. Santé génésique, maternelle, néonatale, infantile et des ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Santé génésique, maternelle, néonatale, infantile et des adolescents en situation de conflit : études de cas pour éclairer la mise en œuvre d'interven. Ce projet de recherche renforcera les données tirées de quatre études de cas en Syrie, au Soudan du Sud, au Mali, en Colombie ou en République démocratique du Congo ...

  17. NERSC 2001 Annual Report; ANNUAL

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hules, John

    2001-01-01

    The National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC) is the primary computational resource for scientific research funded by the DOE Office of Science. The Annual Report for FY2001 includes a summary of recent computational science conducted on NERSC systems (with abstracts of significant and representative projects); information about NERSC's current systems and services; descriptions of Berkeley Lab's current research and development projects in applied mathematics, computer science, and computational science; and a brief summary of NERSC's Strategic Plan for 2002-2005

  18. Présentation de DEBATS (Discussion sur les Effets du Bruit des Aéronefs Touchant la Santé).

    OpenAIRE

    EVRARD, Anne-Sophie; BOUAOUN, Liacine; LEFEVRE, Marie; CHAMPELOVIER, Patricia; LAMBERT, Jacques; LAUMON, Bernard

    2014-01-01

    INTRODUCTION – L’exposition au bruit des avions pourrait avoir des conséquences importantes pour la santé. Toutefois, celles-ci sont actuellement insuffisamment évaluées, tout du moins en France. La DGS en collaboration avec l’Acnusa a donc sollicité l’Ifsttar pour mettre en place un programme de recherche épidémiologique appelé DEBATS. OBJECTIF – L’objectif est de mieux connaître et d’évaluer les effets du bruit des avions sur la santé des riverains...

  19. Les interventions de santé maternelle et infantile : vers une meilleure prise en compte des besoins des populations en Afrique

    OpenAIRE

    Gautier, Lara; Moshabela, Mosa; De Allegri, Manuela

    2017-01-01

    International audience; Aujourd’hui, il est fréquent de lire qu’en santé mondiale, la question n’est plus de savoir ce qui fonctionne bien, mais de comprendre comment et pourquoi les interventions réussissent ou se soldent par un échec (De Chesnay et Anderson, 2015). Ce chapitre, qui expose l’état des connaissances sur les interventions en santé maternelle, néonatale et infantile dans neuf pays d’Afrique subsaharienne révèle toute la pertinence de cette phrase.En 2014, une recension des écrit...

  20. Potential determinants of deductible uptake in health insurance: How to increase uptake in The Netherlands?

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Winssen, K P M; van Kleef, R C; van de Ven, W P M M

    2016-12-01

    In health insurance, voluntary deductibles are offered to the insured in return for a premium rebate. Previous research has shown that 11 % of the Dutch insured opted for a voluntary deductible (VD) in health insurance in 2014, while the highest VD level was financially profitable for almost 50 % of the population in retrospect. To explain this discrepancy, this paper identifies and discusses six potential determinants of the decision to opt for a VD from the behavioral economic literature: loss aversion, risk attitude, ambiguity aversion, debt aversion, omission bias, and liquidity constraints. Based on these determinants, five potential strategies are proposed to increase the number of insured opting for a VD. Presenting the VD as the default option and providing transparent information regarding the VD are the two most promising strategies. If, as a result of these strategies, more insured would opt for a VD, moral hazard would be reduced.

  1. Health insurance subsidies and deductible choice: Evidence from regional variation in subsidy schemes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaufmann, Cornel; Schmid, Christian; Boes, Stefan

    2017-09-01

    The extent to which premium subsidies can influence health insurance choices is an open question. In this paper, we explore the regional variation in subsidy schemes in Switzerland, designed as either in-kind or cash transfers, to study their impact on the choice of health insurance deductibles. Using health survey data and a difference-in-differences methodology, we find that in-kind transfers increase the likelihood of choosing a low deductible plan by approximately 4 percentage points (or 7%). Our results indicate that the response to in-kind transfers is strongest among women, middle-aged and unmarried individuals, which we explain by differences in risk-taking behavior, health status, financial constraints, health insurance and financial literacy. We discuss our results in the light of potential extra-marginal effects on the demand for health care services, which are however not supported by our data. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  2. Conceptions plurielles du risque dans le contexte d’une controverse actuelle en santé environnementale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vincent Richard

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Dans les écrits académiques sur le risque, on distingue généralement, au point de les opposer, les manières dont les citoyens et les scientifiques se réfèrent à différentes conceptions de la notion de risque. Dans cet article, nous suggérons que les conceptions véhiculées ne sont pas toujours aussi exclusives que ce qui est abondamment prétendu. Nous exemplifions cette proposition en analysant les conceptions véhiculées par deux groupes d’acteurs (Direction régionale de santé publique de l’Agence de la santé et des services sociaux de la Capitale-Nationale et un regroupement citoyen engagés dans la gestion d’une controverse publique actuelle autour de la pollution métallique dans les quartiers centraux de la Ville de Québec. En fin d’article, nous abordons les apports de la richesse des discours sur le risque et de leurs impacts sur la vivacité de la controverse.

  3. Interest Deductibility and the BEPS Action Plan: nihil novi sub sole?

    OpenAIRE

    Traversa, Edoardo

    2013-01-01

    Interest payments between affiliated companies which aim at shifting profit from high to low tax countries are a well-known and frequently used tool in international tax planning. It is therefore not surprising that in the OECD Action Plan on Base Erosion and Profit Shifting (BEPS) (Action Plan) considerable attention is given to the measures limiting the deductibility of (excessive) intra-group interest payments.1 The Action Plan does not, however, provide any clear guidance as to which, amo...

  4. Celf – A Logical Framework for Deductive and Concurrent Systems (System Description)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schack-Nielsen, Anders; Schürmann, Carsten

    2008-01-01

    CLF (Concurrent LF) [CPWW02a] is a logical framework for specifying and implementing deductive and concurrent systems from areas, such as programming language theory, security protocol analysis, process algebras, and logics. Celf is an implementation of the CLF type theory that extends the LF type...... ML and compiles with MLton, MLKit, and SML/NJ. The source code and a collection of examples are available from http://www.twelf.org/~celf ....

  5. Rainfall Deduction Method for Estimating Non-Point Source Pollution Load for Watershed

    OpenAIRE

    Cai, Ming; Li, Huai-en; KAWAKAMI, Yoji

    2004-01-01

    The water pollution can be divided into point source pollution (PSP) and non-point source pollution (NSP). Since the point source pollution has been controlled, the non-point source pollution is becoming the main pollution source. The prediction of NSP load is being increasingly important in water pollution controlling and planning in watershed. Considering the monitoring data shortage of NPS in China, a practical estimation method of non-point source pollution load --- rainfall deduction met...

  6. TAX DEDUCTION THROUGH ZAKAT: AN EMPIRICAL INVESTIGATION ON MUSLIM IN MALAYSIA

    OpenAIRE

    Abdullah Al-Mamun; Ahasanul Haque

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this study is to explore the factors which are affecting Muslim consumer's perception towards tax deduction through zakat in Malaysia. A conceptual framework was drawn based on the literature. Six factors were extracted through principal component analysis and SEM was run to test the hypotheses. This research found that halal-haram aspect of Islamic Shariah has a very positive influence on Muslim consumers’ perception towards the tax rebate system. In addition, legal consciousness ...

  7. Inductive vs. Deductive Grammar Instruction and the Grammatical Performance of EFL Learners

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fatemeh Behjat

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available Learning a foreign language offers a great challenge to students since it involves learning different skills and subskills. Quite a few number of researches have been done so far on the relationship between gender and learning a foreign language. On the other hand, two major approaches in teaching grammar have been offered by language experts, inductive and deductive. The present study examines which method of teaching grammar is more fruitful for Iranian male and female students. For this purpose, 150 freshman students, 110 females and 40 males, majoring in English were selected from all available students at Abadeh and Shiraz Azad universities. All the subjects took the NTC's grammar test prior to the instruction as pre-test. Then, they were divided into two groups and were taught grammar inductively and deductively in each group for one semester. At the end of the instruction, the same test was taken as post-test. The comparison between the students' pre and post-test indicated that there was a significant improvement in their knowledge of grammar. By the way, through a two-way ANOVA, it was found out that males learned grammar better when they were taught inductively and females showed a better performance when they were taught deductively.

  8. A Logical Deduction Based Clause Learning Algorithm for Boolean Satisfiability Problems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Qingshan Chen

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Clause learning is the key component of modern SAT solvers, while conflict analysis based on the implication graph is the mainstream technology to generate the learnt clauses. Whenever a clause in the clause database is falsified by the current variable assignments, the SAT solver will try to analyze the reason by using different cuts (i.e., the Unique Implication Points on the implication graph. Those schemes reflect only the conflict on the current search subspace, does not reflect the inherent conflict directly involved in the rest space. In this paper, we propose a new advanced clause learning algorithm based on the conflict analysis and the logical deduction, which reconstructs a linear logical deduction by analyzing the relationship of different decision variables between the backjumping level and the current decision level. The logical deduction result is then added into the clause database as a newly learnt clause. The resulting implementation in Minisat improves the state-of-the-art performance in SAT solving.

  9. Analysis of Tax-deductible Interest Payments for Re-advanceable Canadian Mortgages

    Science.gov (United States)

    Naseem, Almas; Reesor, Mark

    2011-11-01

    According to Canadian tax law the interest on loans used for investment purposes is tax deductible while interest on personal mortgage loans is not. One way of transforming from non-tax deductible to tax deductible interest expenses is to borrow against home equity to make investments. A re-advanceable mortgage is a product specifically designed to take advantage of this tax discrepancy. Using simulation we study the risk associated with the re-advanceable mortgage strategy to provide a better description of the mortgagor's position. We assume that the mortgagor invests the borrowings secured by home equity into a single risky asset (e.g., stock or mutual fund) whose evolution is described by geometric Brownian motion (GBM). With a re-advanceable mortgage we find that the average mortgage payoff time is less than the original mortgage term. However, there is considerable variation in the payoff times with a significant probability of a payoff time exceeding the original mortgage term. Higher income homeowners enjoy a payoff time distribution with both a lower average and a lower standard deviation than low-income homeowners. Thus this strategy is most beneficial to those with the highest income. We also find this strategy protects the homeowner in the event of job loss. This work is important to lenders, financial planners and homeowners to more fully understand the benefits and risk associated with this strategy.

  10. Annual report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1986-01-01

    This is the thirty-ninth annual report of the Atomic Energy Control Board. The period covered by this report is the year ending March 31, 1986. The Atomic Energy Control Board (AECB) was established in 1946, by the Atomic Energy Control Act (AEC Act), (Revised Statues of Canada (R.S.C.) 1970 cA19). It is a departmental corporation (Schedule B) within the meaning and purpose of the Financial Administration Act. The AECB controls the development, application and use of atomic energy in Canada, and participates on behalf of Canada in international measures of control. The AECB is also repsonsible for the administration of the Nuclear Liability Act, (R.S.C. 1970 c29 1st Supp) as amended, including the designation of nuclear installations and the prescription of basic insurance to be carried by the operators of such nuclear installations. The AECB reports to Parliament through a designated Minister, currently the Minister of Energy, Mines and Resources

  11. Design of the monitoring system at the Sant'Alessio induced riverbank filtration plant (Lucca, Italy)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rossetto, Rudy; Barbagli, Alessio; Borsi, Iacopo; Mazzanti, Giorgio; Picciaia, Daniele; Vienken, Thomas; Bonari, Enrico

    2015-04-01

    In Managed Aquifer Recharge (MAR) schemes the monitoring system, for both water quality and quantity issues, plays a key role in assuring that a groundwater recharge plant is really managed. Considering induced Riverbank Filtration (RBF) schemes, while the effect of the augmented filtration consists in an improvement of the quality and quantity of the water infiltrating the aquifer, there is in turn the risk for groundwater contamination, as surface water bodies are highly susceptible to contamination. Within the framework of the MARSOL (2014) EU FPVII-ENV-2013 project, an experimental monitoring system has been designed and will be set in place at the Sant'Alessio RBF well field (Lucca, Italy) to demonstrate the sustainability and the benefits of managing induced RBF versus the unmanaged option. The RBF scheme in Sant'Alessio (Borsi et al. 2014) allows abstraction of an overall amount of about 0,5 m3/s groundwater providing drinking water for about 300000 people of the coastal Tuscany. Water is derived by ten vertical wells set along the Serchio River embankments inducing river water filtration into a high yield (10-2m2/s transmissivity) sand and gravel aquifer. Prior to the monitoring system design, a detailed site characterization has been completed taking advantage of previous and new investigations, the latter performed by means of MOSAIC on-site investigation platform (UFZ). A monitoring network has been set in place in the well field area using existing wells. There groundwater head and the main physico-chemical parameters (temperature, pH, dissolved oxygen, electrical conductivity and redox potential) are routinely monitored. Major geochemical compounds along with a large set of emerging pollutants are analysed (in cooperation with IWW Zentrum Wasser, Germany) both in surface-water and ground-water. The experimental monitoring system (including sensors in surface- and ground-water) has been designed focusing on managing abstraction efficiency and safety at

  12. Édification de systèmes de santé équitables en Amérique latine ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    En Amérique latine, les soins de santé primaires sont souvent de médiocre qualité, ... Le Red de Investigación en Sistemas y Servicios de Salud en el Cono Sur ... jouent un rôle accru dans la gestion des déchets solides en Amérique latine.

  13. NUTRITION Les bases de la politique nutritionnelle de santé publique en France : le constat et les recommandations du HCSP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hercberg Serge

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available La mise en place d’une politique nutritionnelle apparaît comme une grande priorité de santé publique en France, comme dans l’ensemble de l’Europe. Outre les immenses enjeux humains, sociaux et économiques, les relations entre l’alimentation et la santé ont comme particularité : de concerner l’ensemble de la population; de reposer sur des connaissances scientifiques bien documentées; de concerner des facteurs de risque (ou de protection bien identifiés sur lesquels il est possible d’intervenir; d’avoir un impact important sur l’incidence des grandes maladies chroniques; d’impliquer, autour du consommateur, de multiples acteurs du champ de la nutrition; et d’avoir des références en termes de faisabilité. Pour toutes ces raisons, il apparaît aujourd’hui indispensable de faire, en France, de la promotion de la nutrition et de l’activité physique, un grand « programme national nutrition-santé », impliquant l’ensemble des acteurs concernés et disposant des moyens à la hauteur de ses ambitions. C’est la conclusion du groupe de travail ayant rédigé le rapport « Pour une politique nutritionnelle de santé publique en France : enjeux et propositions », sous l’égide du HCSP.

  14. Quatre éléments clés pour favoriser la santé et le bien-être pour tous ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    14 sept. 2017 ... Les intervenants impliqués dans la définition des ODD comme les institutions de recherche sur les politiques contribuent grandement à l'atteinte des ODD liés à la santé. Ils sont en mesure de mener des recherches rigoureuses en tenant compte des connaissances contextuelles et de faire participer les ...

  15. Le syndrome de fatigue chronique et la fibromyalgie au Canada : prévalence et associations avec six indicateurs de l'état de santé

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. Rusu

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction : Peu d'études ont traité, à l'aide de données populationnelles, des facteurs associés de façon indépendante au syndrome de fatigue chronique (SFC et à la fibromyalgie (FM ou des répercussions de ces affections sur l'état de santé. Méthodologie : Nous avons utilisé les données de l'Enquête sur la santé dans les collectivités canadiennes de 2010 (n=59 101, représentative de la population à l'échelle nationale, pour décrire les cas autodéclarés de SFC et de FM diagnostiqués par un professionnel de la santé et pour déterminer les associations de ces affections avec six indicateurs de l'état de santé. Résultats : En 2010, 1,4 % (intervalle de confiance [IC] à 95 % : 1,3 % à 1,6 % des Canadiens de 12 ans ou plus vivant à domicile ont déclaré avoir reçu un diagnostic de SFC,1,5 % (IC à 95 %: 1,4 % à 1,7 % de FM, et 0,3 % (IC à 95 %: 0,3 % à 0,4 % a déclaré être atteinte à la fois de SFC et de FM. Les cas de SFC comme ceux de FM étaient plus fréquents chez les femmes, les adultes de 40 ans ou plus, les personnes à faible revenu et les personnes présentant certains facteurs de risque de maladie chronique (obésité, sédentarité et tabagisme. Après ajustement en fonction des différences existant entre les groupes, les personnes ayant déclaré être atteintes du SFC ou de FM ou des deux avaient un moins bon état de santé que les personnes atteintes d'aucune de ces affections pour cinq indicateurs de l'état de santé, mais aucune différence n'a été trouvée entre ces groupes par rapport à l'indicateur de santé mentale. Le fait d'être atteint à la fois du SFC et de FM et de présenter de multiples affections comorbides était associé à un moins bon état de santé. Conclusion : La présence concomitante du SFC, de la FM et d'autres affections chroniques était étroitement associée au fait d'avoir un moins bon état de santé, et les différences relatives à l'état de santé

  16. Quarterly, Bi-annual and Annual Reports

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The Quarterly, Bi-annual and Annual Reports are periodic reports issued for public release. For the deep set fishery these reports are issued quarterly and anually....

  17. The copy of the Essays of Jean Rey, used by Bayen and Gobet, at the BIU Sante, pole Pharmacie.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lafont, Olivier

    2016-06-01

    The copy of the innovative book written by Jean Rey in 1630, entitied : The Essays on the reasons why the weight of stain and lead increased when they were burnt, which is nowadays kept in the BIU Sante, pole Pharmacie, proved to be the authentic copy which had been used by Pierre Bayer when he rediscovered Jean Rey's Works. It was also the same copy that Gobey used when he real- ized his new edition of the Essays in 1777. This copy first belonged to M. de Villars from La Rochelle, and then was acquired by M. de Villiers, who accepted to lend it to Bayen. The probes for this identification were detailed in the article.

  18. Los frescos góticos lineales de la iglesia de Sant Valentí de les Cabanyes (Barcelona

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Gracia Salvà Picó

    1992-01-01

    Full Text Available La pequeña iglesia de Sant Valenti se halla en el término municipal de Les Cabanyes, muy cerca de Vilafranca del Penedes (Barcelona. El mal estado en que se encontraba el edificio requería una inmediata restauración, de la que se hizo cargo el Servicio de Patrimonio Arquitectónico de la Diputación de Barcelona. Siguiendo la norma de dicho Servicio, antes de la intervención arquitectónica se llevó a cabo una exhaustiva investigación histórica (dirigida por el doctor Alberto López Mullor que comprendió una excavación arqueológica, un estudio documental y un análisis artístico. A nosotros nos correspondió el estudio de las pinturas murales que cubrían buena parte del templo.

  19. Edificio de protección de las termas romanas de Sant Boi de Llobregat (Barcelona, España

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    González Moreno-Navarro, A.

    1999-10-01

    Full Text Available The roman baths at Sant Boi de Llobregat were built sometime around the year 200 BC and came to light in 1953. They are some of the best baths of this type to be found preserved in Catalonia. Some of the walls are almost five meters high, which is rare. There were originally seven rooms, and interesting remains of six of them can still be seen today. The baths were virtually abandoned in 1975, but restoration began in 1988, including the construction of a building to protect them and to enable the public to visit them. The design of the presentation trusts entirely to the emotion felt on seeing these ruins at first hand, and other elements, such as audio-visual effects or virtual reality, have been rejected.

    Las termas romanas de Sant Boi de Llobregat, construidas hacia el año 200 dC y descubiertas en 1953, son una de las instalaciones de este tipo mejor conservadas de Cataluña. Algunos de los muros alcanzan casi cinco metros, hecho poco habitual, y se mantienen seis de las siete salas de las que constaron, con restos muy interesantes. Casi abandonadas desde 1975, en 1988 se inició su recuperación definitiva y la construcción de un edificio que las protegiera y permitiera la visita pública. En su presentación se ha confiado toda la emoción del espectador a la contemplación directa de las ruinas y se ha renunciado a artificios, como audiovisuales efectistas o realidad virtual.

  20. La restauración de la iglesia de Sant Quirze de Pedret (Barcelona, España

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    González Moreno-Navarro, Antoni

    1996-10-01

    Full Text Available Sant Quirze de Pedret is a small church built on late first millennium of our era. It belongs to the Town Council of Berga (province of Barcelona. Its Romanesque and pre- Romanesque paintings, found in 1922 and 1937 and kept in Barcelona and Solsona, enjoy international recognition. However, the first restoration carried out by the province county council of Barcelona (1959-1964 evidenced the successive phases of construction, and the evolution of its masonry is often subject to polemics. Twenty five years later a new restoration was needed. To complete the reconstruction initiated in 1959 and after thorough historical studies, mural paintings (originals and reproductions are once again decorating its walls.

    Sant Quirze de Pedret es una pequeña iglesia de finales del primer milenio propiedad del ayuntamiento de Berga (provincia de Barcelona. Es conocida internacional mente por las pinturas románicas y prerrománicas halladas en 1922 y 1937, conservadas en Barcelona y Sobona. La evolución de su fábrica ha sido, a menudo, origen de polémica. La primera restauración realizada por la Diputación de Barcelona (1959-1964, sin embargo, evidenció las sucesivas fases de construcción. Transcurridos 25 años fue necesaria una nueva restauración, también a cargo de la Diputación. Se completaron los estudios históricos y la reconstrucción formal iniciada en 1959 y las pinturas murales (originales o reproducidas han vuelto a decorar los muros.

  1. Évaluation de l'efficacité des interventions organisationnelles mises en oeuvre dans le cadre de la norme "Entreprises en santé" : Impacts sur la conciliation travail-vie personnelle et l'état de santé globale des travailleurs du Québec

    OpenAIRE

    Lambert-Slythe, Anne-Frédérique

    2017-01-01

    La conciliation travail-vie personnelle (CTVP) réfère à un effort d’harmonisation entre les exigences du milieu professionnel et celles issues des rôles familiaux et personnels. Au Québec, de 40 à 47% des travailleurs déclarent vivre un conflit travail-vie personnelle. De plus en plus d’entreprises implantent des mesures favorisant la CTVP, mais leurs effets sur la santé des travailleurs sont peu connus. La norme Entreprise en Santé (NEES) a été implantée en 2008. Les interventions prévues pa...

  2. Exploring the Rate and Causes of Inpatient Records Deductions Covered by Iran Health Insurance: The Case of a Public Hospital in Tabriz

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yalda Mousa Zadeh

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available Background and Objectives: Today, a major part of health system resources are allocated to hospitals. So, the control of these resources and correct and efficient use of them are the important tasks of management. This study was conducted to determine the deductions of Iran health insurance in the first half of 2014 in a public hospital in Tabriz. Material and Methods: This was a cross sectional study. The study population included records of patients hospitalized in the first half of 2014.  All cases with deduction were selected as sample. Data collection was performed using a researcher-made checklist. Checklist information was collected through records of patients and interview. Then, data were analyzed using Excel software. Results: Most deductions were related to physician visits (61116000 Rials, laboratory (46881797 Rials and surgery commission (26114487 Rials, respectively. Most of the deductions were in October (70613244 Rials and lowest deductions were in February (6838945 Rials. The most important factor of deductions was related to additional request.   Conclusion: According to deduction cases and the most important factor related to it (additional request, It can be concluded that greatest amount of deductions are due to employees' mistakes. In this regard, emphasis on clinical guidelines and physicians’ training is necessary. Negotiations and clarifying the amount of liability of insurance organizations can prevent deductions.

  3. On the deduction of chemical reaction pathways from measurements of time series of concentrations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Samoilov, Michael; Arkin, Adam; Ross, John

    2001-03-01

    We discuss the deduction of reaction pathways in complex chemical systems from measurements of time series of chemical concentrations of reacting species. First we review a technique called correlation metric construction (CMC) and show the construction of a reaction pathway from measurements on a part of glycolysis. Then we present two new improved methods for the analysis of time series of concentrations, entropy metric construction (EMC), and entropy reduction method (ERM), and illustrate (EMC) with calculations on a model reaction system. (c) 2001 American Institute of Physics.

  4. The development of cause analysis system for CPCS trip using the rule-base deduction

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Park, Hee Seok; Kim, Dong Hoon; Seo, Ho Joon; Koo, In Soo; Park, Suk Joon

    1992-01-01

    The Core Protection Calculator System(CPCS) was developed to initiate a Reactor Trip under the circumstance of certain transients by Combustion Engineering Company. The major function of the CPCS is to generate contact outputs for the Departure from Nucleate Boiling Ratio(DNBR) Trip and Local Power Density(LPD) Trip. But in CPCS the trip causes can not be identified, only trip status is displayed. It may take much time and efforts for plant operator to analyse the trip causes of CPCS. So, the Cause Analysis System for CPCS(CASCPCS) has been developed using the rule-base deduction method to aid the operators in Nuclear Power Plant

  5. The Deductions of Freedom/Morality-as-Autonomy and the Categorical Imperative in Groundwork III and Their Problems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Rudy Hiller

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The first objective of this paper is to present an interpretation of Groundwork III which aims to establish two main points: first, that Kant offers there a theoretically-grounded deduction (in Kantian sense of freedom/morality-as-autonomy; second, that Kant also offers a separate deduction of the categorical imperative. Thus, contrary to what several commentators have claimed, Groundwork III contains a theoretically-grounded double deduction. The second objective of the paper is to examine and criticize in detail one crucial step in these deductions, namely, Kant’s inference from the speculative spontaneity of reason to the noumenal existence of the subject as a free will. I show that Kant himself came to reject this inference in the B edition of the Critique of Pure Reason, and argue that this explains Kant’s rejection, in the Critique of Practical Reason, of the deduction of the moral law he previously offered. Thus, contrary to the “reconciliationist” reading, there is indeed a great reversal in the latter work.

  6. Taxation Human Rights – a Concrete Case: the right to the full income tax deduction of expenses with medicines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Araújo Leonetti

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This article is intended to address aspecific aspect related to the taxation humanrights:  the right to full deduction of expenseswith medicines from the basis for calculat-ing the income tax. After a brief introductionto the topic of taxation human rights a rela-tively new vision in universal law, the articlemakes a foray into the income tax-individual,revisiting its basic concepts and principles. Ispresented, also, a brief history of the IRPF inBrazil, in order to better situate the subject infocus. In the sequel, the article faces the ques-tion about the deductions allowed, on the ba-sis of calculation of the tax. Finally, the articleanalizes the possible inclusion of spending onmedicines among these deductions, conclud-ing that it is an imperative of Fairness and re-spect to the Constitution

  7. The SANT2 domain of the murine tumor cell DnaJ-like protein 1 human homologue interacts with alpha1-antichymotrypsin and kinetically interferes with its serpin inhibitory activity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kroczynska, Barbara; Evangelista, Christina M; Samant, Shalaka S; Elguindi, Ebrahim C; Blond, Sylvie Y

    2004-03-19

    The murine tumor cell DnaJ-like protein 1 or MTJ1/ERdj1 is a membrane J-domain protein enriched in microsomal and nuclear fractions. We previously showed that its lumenal J-domain stimulates the ATPase activity of the molecular chaperone BiP/GRP78 (Chevalier, M., Rhee, H., Elguindi, E. C., and Blond, S. Y. (2000) J. Biol. Chem. 275, 19620-19627). MTJ1/ERdj1 also contains a large carboxyl-terminal cytosolic extension composed of two tryptophan-mediated repeats or SANT domains for which the function(s) is unknown. Here we describe the cloning of the human homologue HTJ1 and its interaction with alpha(1)-antichymotrypsin (ACT), a member of the serine proteinase inhibitor (serpin) family. The interaction was initially identified in a two-hybrid screening and further confirmed in vitro by dot blots, native electrophoresis, and fluorescence studies. The second SANT domain of HTJ1 (SANT2) was found to be sufficient for binding to ACT, both in yeast and in vitro. Single tryptophan-alanine substitutions at two strictly conserved residues significantly (Trp-497) or totally (Trp-520) abolished the interaction with ACT. SANT2 binds to human ACT with an intrinsic affinity equal to 0.5 nm. Preincubation of ACT with nearly stoichiometric concentrations of SANT2 wild-type but not SANT2: W520A results in an apparent loss of ACT inhibitory activity toward chymotrypsin. Kinetic analysis indicates that the formation of the covalent inhibitory complex ACT-chymotrypsin is significantly delayed in the presence of SANT2 with no change on the catalytic efficiency of the enzyme. This work demonstrates for the first time that the SANT2 domain of MTJ1/HTJ1/ERdj1 mediates stable and high affinity protein-protein interactions.

  8. Optimal Premium as a Function of the Deductible: Customer Analysis and Portfolio Characteristics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julie Thøgersen

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available An insurance company offers an insurance contract ( p , K , consisting of a premium p and a deductible K. In this paper, we consider the problem of choosing the premium optimally as a function of the deductible. The insurance company is facing a market of N customers, each characterized by their personal claim frequency, α, and risk aversion, β. When a customer is offered an insurance contract, she/he will, based on these characteristics, choose whether or not to insure. The decision process of the customer is analyzed in detail. Since the customer characteristics are unknown to the company, it models them as i.i.d. random variables; A 1 , … , A N for the claim frequencies and B 1 , … , B N for the risk aversions. Depending on the distributions of A i and B i , expressions for the portfolio size n ( p ; K ∈ [ 0 , N ] and average claim frequency α ( p ; K in the portfolio are obtained. Knowing these, the company can choose the premium optimally, mainly by minimizing the ruin probability.

  9. A work-site weight control program using financial incentives collected through payroll deduction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Forster, J L; Jeffery, R W; Sullivan, S; Snell, M K

    1985-11-01

    In a work-site weight control program using a self-motivational program of financial incentives implemented through payroll deduction, 131 university employees chose weight loss goals (0 to 60 lb) and incentives (+5 to +30) to be deducted from each paycheck for six months. Return of incentive money was contingent on progress toward weight goals. Participants were assigned randomly to one of four protocols, involving group educational sessions v self-instruction only and required v optional attendance at weigh-ins and sessions. Overall, dropout rates (21.4%) and mean weight loss (12.2 lb) were encouraging, especially compared with those of other work-site programs. Weight loss was positively associated with attendance at weigh-ins and educational sessions. However, requiring attendance did not increase program effectiveness and seemed also to discourage enrollment among men. The weight control program was equally effective when offered with professionally led educational sessions or when accompanied by self-instructional materials only.

  10. How is a categorical imperative possible? : Kant’s deduction of the categorical imperative (GMS, III,4)

    OpenAIRE

    Schönecker, Dieter

    2016-01-01

    Kant’s deduction of the categorical imperative is the answer to the following question: “How is a categorical imperative possible?” The answer is given in subsection 4 (Sec. 4) of chapter three of the Groundwork. It is impossible to understand this answer, and hence impossible to understand Kant’s deduction of the moral law, without taking into account the overall context of Groundwork III (GMS III). However, here I can only sketch the overall structure of GMS III, and there...

  11. Les politiques visant la couverture sanitaire universelle et les perceptions de la qualité des soins de santé

    OpenAIRE

    Gautier , Lara; Ridde , Valery

    2017-01-01

    International audience; Le début de la décennie 2010 a été marqué par l’avènement sur la scène internationale de la couverture sanitaire universelle (CSU) comme politique de santé mondiale. La consécration, en 2015, de la CSU comme sous-objectif du nouveau programme de développement mondial – les Objectifs de développement durable 2016-2030 – invite les acteurs de la santé mondiale à se mobiliser en faveur de l’atteinte des trois volets phares de la CSU : assurer la protection du risque finan...

  12. Mal être et souffrance psychique : un défi pour le système de santé ?

    OpenAIRE

    Grand, Alain

    2018-01-01

    Dans un contexte socio-économique qui se durcit, on peut observer l’apparition d’un “effet ciseau” vis-à-vis de la santé. La dette sociale et le déficit de la sécurité sociale se creusent de manière abyssale (30,6 milliards d’euros de déficit prévu pour l’exercice 2010) ce qui affecte notamment les hôpitaux publics, et tout particulièrement les Centres Hospitaliers Régionaux. Dans ce contexte, l’objectif général de notre système de santé est d’adapter l’offre aux besoins. Or, avec le vieillis...

  13. 26 CFR 20.2056A-1 - Restrictions on allowance of marital deduction if surviving spouse is not a United States citizen.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... tax marital deduction is not allowed for property passing to or for the benefit of a surviving spouse..., inheritance, or gift taxes, the amendments made by section 5033 of the Technical and Miscellaneous Revenue Act... inconsistent with the provisions of such treaty relating to estate, inheritance, or gift tax marital deductions...

  14. 26 CFR 1.280F-1T - Limitations on investment tax credit and recovery deductions under section 168 for passenger...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Limitations on investment tax credit and... Limitations on investment tax credit and recovery deductions under section 168 for passenger automobiles and... the amount of investment tax credit determined under section 46(a) and recovery deductions under...

  15. 26 CFR 1.179A-1 - Recapture of deduction for qualified clean-fuel vehicle property and qualified clean-fuel vehicle...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... the benefit of the section 179A deduction allowable multiplied by the recapture percentage. The... property. The recapture amount is equal to the benefit of the section 179A deduction allowable multiplied... allowance for depreciation, this increase in basis is recoverable over its remaining recovery period...

  16. Food Choice Motives When Purchasing in Organic and Conventional Consumer Clusters: Focus on Sustainable Concerns (The NutriNet-Sant? Cohort Study)

    OpenAIRE

    Baudry, Julia; P?neau, Sandrine; All?s, Benjamin; Touvier, Mathilde; Hercberg, Serge; Galan, Pilar; Amiot, Marie-Jos?phe; Lairon, Denis; M?jean, Caroline; Kesse-Guyot, Emmanuelle

    2017-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine food choice motives associated with various organic and conventional dietary patterns among 22,366 participants of the NutriNet-Sante study. Dietary intakes were estimated using a food frequency questionnaire. Food choice motives were assessed using a validated 63-item-questionnaire gathered into nine food choice motive dimension scores: "absence of contaminants", "avoidance for environmental reasons", "ethics and environment", "taste", "innovation", "...

  17. Food Choice Motives When Purchasing in Organic and Conventional Consumer Clusters: Focus on Sustainable Concerns (The NutriNet-Santé Cohort Study)

    OpenAIRE

    Baudry , Julia; Péneau , Sandrine; Allès , Benjamin; Touvier , Mathilde; Hercberg , Serge; Galan , Pilar; Amiot , Marie-Josèphe; LAIRON , Denis; Méjean , Caroline; Kesse-Guyot , Emmanuelle

    2017-01-01

    International audience; The purpose of this study was to examine food choice motives associated with various organic and conventional dietary patterns among 22,366 participants of the NutriNet-Santé study. Dietary intakes were estimated using a food frequency questionnaire. Food choice motives were assessed using a validated 63-item-questionnaire gathered into nine food choice motive dimension scores: " absence of contaminants " , " avoidance for environmental reasons " , " ethics and environ...

  18. Santé des mères et des enfants à l'hôpital Lacor, au Soudan du Sud ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Les chercheurs examineront des stratégies visant à mettre en ¿uvre des services améliorés de soins de santé maternelle et de nutrition infantile, de dépistage du cancer du col de l'utérus et de soutien en vue de l'autonomisation des femmes grâce à des activités d'interventions communautaires menées par les deux ...

  19. La téléphonie intelligente : un moyen d'améliorer la santé animale et ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    5 mai 2016 ... L'application prototype est maintenant offerte en anglais et en lao. La mise en commun d'information au moyen de photos s'est avérée d'un intérêt particulier pour les prestataires de soins de santé animale primaires. La prochaine phase de recherche fera fond sur ce projet pilote et mettra l'accent sur ...

  20. El Patrimonio artístico del convento de la Santísima Trinidad de Úbeda en los siglos XVI y XVII

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Cruz García Torralbo

    1994-01-01

    Full Text Available Enmarcado en un contexto histórico de reformas eclesiásticas patrocinadas por Inocencio III (1198-1216, y de sensibilidad social ante el problema de la esclavitud de hermanos cristianos en poder musulmán, tiene lugar el nacimiento de la Orden de la Santísima Trinidad en 1198 y de la Merced en la centuria siguiente.

  1. La téléphonie intelligente : un moyen d'améliorer la santé animale et ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    5 mai 2016 ... En RDP lao, une application pour téléphones intelligents mise au point avec le soutien du CRDI aide des prestataires de soins de santé animale primaires à répondre à des questions et à traiter la volaille rapidement et avec exactitude. Cette application aide aussi les agriculteurs à élever des animaux en ...

  2. Spécialiste en relations de travail et en santé et sécurité au travail (h ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Résumé des fonctions. Le spécialiste en relations de travail et en santé et sécurité au travail fournit des conseils et des services d'expert en ce qui concerne les relations de travail qui visent à établir, à mettre en oeuvre et à entretenir une relation de travail productive avec les employés et leurs représentants syndicaux.

  3. The IL-6 receptor super-antagonist Sant7 enhances antiproliferative and apoptotic effects induced by dexamethasone and zoledronic acid on multiple myeloma cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tassone, Pierfrancesco; Galea, Eulalia; Forciniti, Samantha; Tagliaferri, Pierosandro; Venuta, Salvatore

    2002-10-01

    Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is the major growth and survival factor for multiple myeloma (MM), and has been shown to protect MM cells from apoptosis induced by a variety of agents. IL-6 receptor antagonists, which prevent the assembly of functional IL-6 receptor complexes, inhibit cell proliferation and induce apoptosis in MM cells. We have investigated whether the IL-6 receptor super-antagonist Sant7 might enhance the antiproliferative and apoptotic effects induced by the combination of dexamethasone (Dex) and zoledronic acid (Zln) on human MM cell lines and primary cells from MM patients. Here we show that each of these compounds individually induced detectable antiproliferative effects on MM cells. Sant7 significantly enhanced growth inhibition and apoptosis induced by Dex and Zln on both MM cell lines and primary MM cells. These results indicate that overcoming IL-6 mediated cell resistance by Sant7 potentiates the effect of glucocorticoides and bisphosphonates on MM cell growth and survival, providing a rationale for therapies including IL-6 antagonists in MM.

  4. Dietary intakes and diet quality according to levels of organic food consumption by French adults: cross-sectional findings from the NutriNet-Santé Cohort Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baudry, Julia; Allès, Benjamin; Péneau, Sandrine; Touvier, Mathilde; Méjean, Caroline; Hercberg, Serge; Galan, Pilar; Lairon, Denis; Kesse-Guyot, Emmanuelle

    2017-03-01

    We aimed to assess dietary profiles of adults from the NutriNet-Santé cohort according to different levels of organic food consumption using detailed self-reported data on organic food intakes. Food intakes were obtained using an organic food frequency questionnaire (Org-FFQ). The participants were ranked into five groups (quintiles, Q) according to the proportion of organic foods in their diet. To determine diet quality, two scores were computed reflecting adherence to food-based recommendations (mPNNS-GS) and the probability of adequate nutrient intake (PANDiet). Relationships between levels of organic food consumption and dietary characteristics were assessed using multivariable-adjusted ANCOVA models. The NutriNet-Santé Study. French adults from the NutriNet-Santé Study (n 28 245). Intakes of foods of plant origin increased along with the contribution of organic foods to the diet while a reverse trend was identified for dairy products, cookies and soda (P-trendfood consumers exhibited better diet quality, although intermediate organic food consumers showed better adherence to specific nutritional recommendations related to animal products. The study provides new insights into the understanding of organic food consumption as a part of a healthy diet and sheds some light on the dietary profiles of different categories of organic food consumers. These results underline strong dietary behaviour correlates associated with organic food consumption that should be controlled for in future aetiological studies on organic foods and health.

  5. Les nouveaux défis pour l’anthropologie de la santé New challenges for anthropology of health

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raymond Massé

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available L’anthropologie de la santé a connu une évolution spectaculaire au cours des dernières décennies. Elle doit toutefois composer aujourd’hui avec les contributions de plusieurs autres disciplines des sciences sociales et humaines dans le champ d’étude des dimensions sociales, politiques et culturelles de la santé et de la maladie. Pour conserver sa crédibilité comme “science sociale” et pour faire face à l’émergence de nouveaux objets de recherche, elle devra relever plusieurs défis, tant au plan de ses outils conceptuels, mais aussi et surtout au plan de sa maîtrise des méthodologies qualitatives et quantitatives. Mais cela, sans mettre de côté son profond souci pour une réflexion critique sur les politiques de santé et pour une phénoménologie de la souffrance.Medical anthropology has become one of the major subdiscipline in anthropology in the past decades. However, it has today to deal with the interest of other social sciences disciplines for the social, cultural and political dimensions of disease, health and care. In order to strengthen its leadership and to increase its credibility in dealing with new emerging research objects, medical anthropologists will have to accept many challenges, conceptual, theoretical, but especially methodological. This paper discusses some of these challenges.

  6. Intégrer la notion d’équité : création d'un cadre d'action pour placer la mobilisation du savoir et l’équité en santé au coeur des rapports sur l’état de santé des populations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lesley Ann Dyck

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available Les centres de collaboration nationale en santé publique (CCNSP ont collaboré à l’élaboration d’un cadre d’action visant à intégrer la notion d’équité dans les rapports sur l’état de santé des populations (RESP. Ce cadre d’action rassemble les comptes rendus de recherche et une expérience de terrain fondée sur une approche originale d’apprentissage collaboratif faisant appel aux praticiens en santé publique du Canada. Dans cet article, nous présentons le cadre d’action, nous décrivons le processus d’apprentissage et nous situons les RESP au sein des travaux en cours dans le secteur de la santé publique. Nous analysons ensuite la nature des données probantes sur les déterminants sociaux de la santé à titre de dimension clé pour déterminer sur quoi portent les rapports et comment ces données y sont intégrées. Enfin, nous établissons le lien entre les données et la mise en oeuvre en explorant le concept de renseignements exploitables et en détaillant le cadre d’action visant à intégrer la notion d’équité dans les RESP. Nous concluons sur l’importance de placer la mobilisation du savoir au coeur du processus d’élaboration des RESP et nous apportons des suggestions pour les prochaines étapes. Notre objectif est d’encourager les praticiens à utiliser le cadre d’action, à en discuter et, ultimement, à le renforcer.

  7. 26 CFR 1.221-1 - Deduction for interest paid on qualified education loans after December 31, 2001.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... Individuals § 1.221-1 Deduction for interest paid on qualified education loans after December 31, 2001. (a) In... interest paid by the taxpayer during the taxable year on a qualified education loan. See paragraph (b)(4... paid on qualified education loans after December 31, 2001, in taxable years ending after December 31...

  8. The Role of Argumentation in Hypothetico-Deductive Reasoning during Problem-Based Learning in Medical Education: A Conceptual Framework

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ju, Hyunjung; Choi, Ikseon

    2018-01-01

    One of the important goals of problem-based learning (PBL) in medical education is to enhance medical students' clinical reasoning--hypothetico-deductive reasoning (HDR) in particular--through small group discussions. However, few studies have focused on explicit strategies for promoting students' HDR during group discussions in PBL. This paper…

  9. 26 CFR 1.269-4 - Power of district director to allocate deduction, credit, or allowance in part.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... evasion or avoidance of Federal income tax for which the acquisition was made. The district director is..., DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES Items Not Deductible § 1.269-4...(a), but only to such extent as he determines will not result in the evasion or avoidance of Federal...

  10. 20 CFR 404.417 - Deductions because of noncovered remunerative activity outside the United States; 45 hour and 7...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... deduction is for an amount equal to the benefit payable to the individual for that month. (2) From May 1983... insured individual's earnings record because of the beneficiary's marriage to the insured individual. (2... required by this paragraph (b) is equal to the wife's, husband's or child's benefit. (4) From January 1985...

  11. 26 CFR 1.163-4 - Deduction for original issue discount on certain obligations issued after May 27, 1969.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... be includible in the gross income of such taxpayer for such taxable year. (b) Examples. The rules in... Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve. See 12 CFR § 217.4(d). The stated redemption price at... any amount of original issue discount deducted prior to repurchase, or minus any amount of premium...

  12. A voluntary deductible in health insurance: the more years you opt for it, the lower your premium?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    K.P.M. Winssen van (Kayleigh); R.C. van Kleef (Richard); W.P.M.M. van de Ven (Wynand)

    2017-01-01

    textabstractAdverse selection regarding a voluntary deductible (VD) in health insurance implies that insured only opt for a VD if they expect no (or few) healthcare expenses. This paper investigates two potential strategies to reduce adverse selection: (1) differentiating the premium to the duration

  13. 18 CFR 367.4102 - Account 410.2, Provision for deferred income taxes, other income and deductions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... COMPANY ACT OF 2005, FEDERAL POWER ACT AND NATURAL GAS ACT Income Statement Chart of Accounts Service Company Operating Income § 367.4102 Account 410.2, Provision for deferred income taxes, other income and..., Provision for deferred income taxes, other income and deductions. 367.4102 Section 367.4102 Conservation of...

  14. 26 CFR 1.170-1 - Charitable, etc., contributions and gifts; allowance of deduction (before amendment by Tax Reform...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... constitute allowable deductions as trade or business expenses rather than as charitable contributions. See... for charitable contributions as trade or business expenses and rules with respect to treatment of... in property of a type which the taxpayer sells in the course of his business, the fair market value...

  15. 78 FR 19949 - The $500,000 Deduction Limitation for Remuneration Provided by Certain Health Insurance Providers

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-02

    ... 26 CFR Part 1 The $500,000 Deduction Limitation for Remuneration Provided by Certain Health Insurance... limitation for remuneration provided by certain health insurance providers under section 162(m)(6) of the Internal Revenue Code (Code). These regulations affect health insurance providers that pay such...

  16. 26 CFR 1.642(c)-3 - Adjustments and other special rules for determining unlimited charitable contributions deduction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... the gross income of the estate for 1972, and N University receives $100,000 from the estate in such... INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES... unlimited charitable contributions deduction. (a) Income in respect of a decedent. For purposes of §§ 1.642...

  17. The Saskatchewan/New Brunswick Healthy Start-Départ Santé intervention: implementation cost estimates of a physical activity and healthy eating intervention in early learning centers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sari, Nazmi; Muhajarine, Nazeem; Froehlich Chow, Amanda

    2017-01-19

    Participation in daily physical activity and consuming a balanced diet high in fruits and vegetables and low in processed foods are behaviours associated with positive health outcomes during all stages of life. Previous literature suggests that the earlier these behaviours are established the greater the health benefits. As such, early learning settings have been shown to provide an effective avenue for exploring and influencing the physical activity and healthy eating behaviours of children before school entry. However, in addition to improving individual level health of children, such interventions may also result in a number of social benefits for the society. In fact, research among adult populations has shown that sufficient participation in physical activity can significantly lower hospital stays and physician visits, in turn leading to positive economic outcomes. To our knowledge there is very limited literature about economic evaluations of interventions implemented in early learning centers to increase physical activity and healthy eating behaviours among children. The primary purpose of this paper is to identify inputs and costs needed to implement a physical activity and healthy eating intervention (Healthy Start-Départ Santé (HS-DS)) in early learning centres throughout Saskatchewan and New Brunswick over the course of three years. In doing so, implementation cost is estimated to complete the first phase of a social return on investment analysis of this intervention. In order to carry out this evaluation the first step was to identify the inputs and costs needed to implement the intervention, along with the corresponding outputs. With stakeholder interviews and using existing database, we estimated the implementation cost by measuring, valuing and monetizing each individual input. Our results show that the total annual cost of implementing HS-DS was $378,753 in the first year, this total cost decreased slightly in the second year ($356,861) and again

  18. Representation of the deduction with tetravalent logic: realisation of fast inference motors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Terrier, F.

    1987-05-01

    Building automats for surveillance, control or diagnosis, can be done by artificial intelligence. They function according to the formalism of O ordre propositional logic. Deduction modes can then easily be represented in a trivalent logic with both efficiency and concision. One can obtain workable codes with low storage of high speed (env. 5000 rules per second). This leads us to develop and entry langage with extremely simple statement rules which can be learnt by experts in practically no time. Finally in order to generalize this principle and draw rules with multi-choice conclusions, (if... then the motor stops or the pressure goes down), rewriting these processes enable to return to an equivalent system without multi-choice conclusions, providing the same amount of informations with the possibility of deciding. This study has been used on 2 different cases: first it served as a tool to analyse reliability, (OLAF), second to help diagnosis breakdown of pressurized water-reactors [fr

  19. La singularité du patient tuberculeux dans le système de santé: l'expérience du Burkina Faso

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zerbo, Roger

    2013-01-01

    La démarche pluridisciplinaire s'impose de plus en plus dans le secteur de la santé dans le contexte africain, où les parcours thérapeutiques sont pluriels et les rapports des usagers des centres de santé sont complexes et peu satisfaisants. La compréhension des représentations de la maladie est nécessaire pour offrir des soins appropriés certes, mais l'expérience individuelle des malades représente également une source de savoir. Les données ont été collectées à travers des entretiens semi-directifs, le recueil des récits de vie et des observations participantes. Cet article rend compte d'une expérience d'implication de socio-anthropologue dans la mise en œuvre d'un programme de santé publique au Burkina Faso en vue d'une amélioration de la prise en charge des malades tuberculeux. L'analyse des données à été conduite dans une visée réflexive. Les perspectives socio-anthropologiques ont révélé que l'expérience des anciens malades tuberculeux peut être mise à profit afin d'apporter des changements dans les relations thérapeutiques et l'intégration sociale des autres malades. Cette idée à été mise en application pour tenir lieu d'une traduction des analyses anthropologiques en actes pour un changement. L'article évoque la manière dont l'approche socio-anthropologique au sein d'un programme de santé, peut mettre en évidence le potentiel des malades à être des acteurs importants dans le fonctionnement des services de soins et leur propre bien-être. Dans cette situation, la démarche théorique implique la réflexivité de l'anthropologue, mais également un regard critique sur les modes d'intervention en santé publique. PMID:24009798

  20. TAX DEDUCTION THROUGH ZAKAT: AN EMPIRICAL INVESTIGATION ON MUSLIM IN MALAYSIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdullah Al-Mamun

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study is to explore the factors which are affecting Muslim consumer's perception towards tax deduction through zakat in Malaysia. A conceptual framework was drawn based on the literature. Six factors were extracted through principal component analysis and SEM was run to test the hypotheses. This research found that halal-haram aspect of Islamic Shariah has a very positive influence on Muslim consumers’ perception towards the tax rebate system. In addition, legal consciousness and knowledge about tax and zakat have a positive significant impact on Muslim consumers’ perceptions towards this system. Due to the limited literature available on this subject matter, this study offers unique findings that may help in capitalizing the practices in Muslim countries and to understand their consumers’ perception regarding the tax deduction system. In conclusion, zakat institutions in Malaysia will also be better benefitted through this research finding. =========================================== Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk menggali faktor- faktor yang mempengaruhi persepsi para konsumen muslim terkait dengan pengurangan pajak melalui zakat di Malaysia. Suatu kerangka konseptual telah digambarkan berdasarkan literatur. Penelitian ini menemukan bahwa aspek halal- haram dalam Syariah Islami memiliki pengaruh yang sangat positif terhadap persepsi para konsumen muslim terkait dengan sistem pengurangan pajak. Sebagai tambahan, kesadaran hukum dan pengetahuan tentang pajak dan zakat memiliki pengaruh positif yang signifikan pada persepsi konsumen muslim yang terkait dengan sistem ini. Sehubungan dengan terbatasnya literatur yang tersedia terkait dengan masalah ini, penelitian ini menawarkan temuan- temuan yang menarik yang dapat mendukung pengembangan praktik- praktik di negara- negara muslim dan untuk memahami persepsi para konsumennya terkait dengan sistem pengurangan pajak.

  1. Adaptação à cultura brasileira dos questionários The O'Leary-Sant e PUF, usados para cistite intersticial Adaptación a la cultura brasileña de los cuestionarios The O'Leary-Sant y Puf, usados para cistitis intersticial Adaptation of the O'Leary-Sant and the PUF for the diagnosis of interstitial cystitis for the Brazilian culture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcella Lima Victal

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste estudo foi traduzir e adaptar à cultura brasileira os instrumentos The O'Leary-Sant e PUF, utilizados no diagnóstico de cistite intersticial. Foram realizadas as etapas metodológicas recomendadas pela literatura internacional para a adaptação cultural. As etapas de tradução, síntese das traduções e retrotradução foram realizadas satisfatoriamente, e a avaliação das versões sintéticas pelo comitê de especialistas resultou em algumas alterações, assegurando as equivalências entre as versões originais e traduzidas. O PUF foi pré-testado entre 40 sujeitos e The O'Leary-Sant em uma amostra de 50 indivíduos, devido à necessidade de ajustes em decorrência da baixa escolaridade da população. O processo de tradução e adaptação foi realizado com sucesso e os instrumentos, após as modificações, demonstraram ser de fácil compreensão e rápido preenchimento. Entretanto, este é um estudo que antecede o processo de validação e será premente o emprego do instrumento em novas pesquisas para que sejam avaliadas suas propriedades psicométricas.Se objetivó traducir y adaptar a la cultura brasileña los instrumentos The O'Leary-Sant y PUF, utilizados para diagnosticar cistitis intersticial. Fueron efectuadas las etapas metodológicas recomendadas por la literatura internacional para adaptación cultural. Las etapas de traducción, síntesis de traducciones y retrotraducción se realizaron satisfactoriamente, la evaluación de las versiones sintetizadas por parte del comité de especialistas derivó en algunas alteraciones, asegurando las equivalencias entre versiones originales y traducidas. El PUF fue pre-testeado con 40 sujetos y The O'Leary-Sant en muestra de 50 individuos, por la necesidad de ajustes derivados de la baja escolarización de la población. El proceso de traducción y adaptación se efectuó con suceso y los instrumentos luego de las modificaciones demostraron ser de sencilla comprensión y

  2. Els "clamores" de Sant Cugat contra el fill del gran senescal i altres episodis de terrorisme nobiliari

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Benito i Monclús, Pere

    2000-12-01

    Full Text Available Sometime during the closing days of 1161 or the beginning of 1162, the monks of the Benedictine abbey of Sant Cugat del Vallès, near Barcelona, composed a memorial of complaint addressed to Count Ramon Berenguer IV. In it they denounced acts of violence committed against the men and property of the monastery by various nobles, most notably Guillem de Moneada, son of the seneschal, Guillem Ramon. This memorial is one of the most detailed and original querimoniae to have survived. Written in correct Latin and with a certain attention to style, this product of the monastic scriptorium is a unique literary witness to the way in which the arbitrary lordship of the barons was experienced by the peasantry in twelfth-century Catalonia. This article offers an introduction, historical study, and edition of this source, to date almost entirely overlooked by scholars because it remained uncatalogued along with other undated documents from the monastery's archive. Persons named in the text are identified, the sequence of events is reconstructed, and suggestions are offered as to the date of the document, the reasons that led the monks to redact it, and their less obvious motivations.[fr] Entre la fin de l'année 1161 et les premiers mois de 1162, les moines de labbaye bénédictine de Sant Cugat del Vallès, près de Barcelone, rédigèrent un mémoire de plaintes, adressé au comte Ramon Berenguer IV, dans lequel ils dénonçaient les actes de violence perpétrés contre les hommes et les propriétés du monastère par divers nobles, parmi lesquels se détache tout particulièrement Guillem de Monteada, fils du sénéchal Guillem Ramon. Le résultat fut une des querimoniae (chartes de doléances les plus longues et les plus originales qui nous soient parvenues. Rédigée dans un latin correct et un style soigné, cette production élaborée du scriptorium monastique constitue un témoignage littéraire unique de la manière par laquelle, dans la Catalogne

  3. La prise en charge des troubles de santé mentale par les omnipraticiens du Québec

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fleury, Marie-Josée; Farand, Lambert; Aubé, Denise; Imboua, Armelle

    2012-01-01

    Résumé Objectif Cette recherche vise à documenter la prise en charge des troubles mentaux (TM) par les omnipraticiens. Type d’étude Il s’agit d’une étude mixte intégrant un questionnaire auto-administré et des entrevues qualitatives. La banque de données administratives des actes médicaux de la Régie de l’assurance maladie du Québec a aussi été analysée. Contexte La province de Québec. Participants Un total de 1415 omnipraticiens de différents lieux de pratiques ont été sollicités pour le questionnaire; 970 ont été rejoints. Un sous-groupe de 60 omnipraticiens a été rejoint pour les entrevues. Principaux paramètres à l'étude La prévalence annuelle des consultations reliées à des TM courants (TMC) ou graves (TMG), les pratiques cliniques, les pratiques de collaboration, les facteurs facilitant ou entravant la prise en charge des TM, ainsi que les recommandations pour l’amélioration du système de soins. Résultats Le taux de réponse a été de 41% (n = 398 omnipraticiens) pour le questionnaire et de 63% (n = 60) pour les entrevues. Environ 25 % des visites chez les omnipraticiens sont associées à des TM. Presque tous les omnipraticiens prennent en charge des TMC et se sentent compétents pour le faire, à l’inverse de la situation retrouvée pour les TMG. Près de 20 % des TMC sont référés (principalement à des intervenants psychosociaux), alors que près de 75 % des TMG sont référés (surtout en psychiatrie et à l’urgence). Plus de 50 % des omnipraticiens affirment n’entretenir aucun contact avec l’une ou l’autre des ressources de santé mentale. Plusieurs facteurs influencent la prise en charge des TM: les profils des patients (complexité des TM, troubles concomitants); les caractéristiques des omnipraticiens (réseau informel, formation); la culture professionnelle (travail en silo, mécanismes cliniques formalisés); le milieu institutionnel (multidisciplinarité, salariat); l’organisation des

  4. Une estimation de la précarité des patients recourant à la médecine générale en centres de santé. Le cas des centres de santé du projet Epidaure-CDS

    OpenAIRE

    Anissa Afrite; Julien Mousques; Yann Bourgueil

    2015-01-01

    Le projet exploratoire Epidaure-CDS a pour objectif principal d’analyser la spécificité des centres de santé (CDS) dans l’offre de soins et de déterminer s’ils jouent un rôle particulier dans la réduction des inégalités sociales de santé, notamment en facilitant l’accès aux soins primaires pour les personnes en situation de précarité ou de vulnérabilité sociale, ce qui n’a été que peu exploré jusqu’à présent. Il s’agit ici d’estimer en quoi la population recourant à la médecine générale dans ...

  5. Consumption of ultra-processed foods and cancer risk: results from NutriNet-Santé prospective cohort.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fiolet, Thibault; Srour, Bernard; Sellem, Laury; Kesse-Guyot, Emmanuelle; Allès, Benjamin; Méjean, Caroline; Deschasaux, Mélanie; Fassier, Philippine; Latino-Martel, Paule; Beslay, Marie; Hercberg, Serge; Lavalette, Céline; Monteiro, Carlos A; Julia, Chantal; Touvier, Mathilde

    2018-02-14

    To assess the prospective associations between consumption of ultra-processed food and risk of cancer. Population based cohort study. 104 980 participants aged at least 18 years (median age 42.8 years) from the French NutriNet-Santé cohort (2009-17). Dietary intakes were collected using repeated 24 hour dietary records, designed to register participants' usual consumption for 3300 different food items. These were categorised according to their degree of processing by the NOVA classification. Associations between ultra-processed food intake and risk of overall, breast, prostate, and colorectal cancer assessed by multivariable Cox proportional hazard models adjusted for known risk factors. Ultra-processed food intake was associated with higher overall cancer risk (n=2228 cases; hazard ratio for a 10% increment in the proportion of ultra-processed food in the diet 1.12 (95% confidence interval 1.06 to 1.18); P for trendcancer risk (n=739 cases; hazard ratio 1.11 (1.02 to 1.22); P for trend=0.02). These results remained statistically significant after adjustment for several markers of the nutritional quality of the diet (lipid, sodium, and carbohydrate intakes and/or a Western pattern derived by principal component analysis). In this large prospective study, a 10% increase in the proportion of ultra-processed foods in the diet was associated with a significant increase of greater than 10% in risks of overall and breast cancer. Further studies are needed to better understand the relative effect of the various dimensions of processing (nutritional composition, food additives, contact materials, and neoformed contaminants) in these associations. Clinicaltrials.gov NCT03335644. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://group.bmj.com/group/rights-licensing/permissions.

  6. Health and dietary traits of organic food consumers: results from the NutriNet-Santé study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baudry, Julia; Méjean, Caroline; Péneau, Sandrine; Galan, Pilar; Hercberg, Serge; Lairon, Denis; Kesse-Guyot, Emmanuelle

    2015-12-28

    The dietary and health traits of organic food (OF) consumers have not been comprehensively described. The aim of this study was to identify factors associated with OF consumption. Data were collected from 54 283 participants from the NutriNet-Santé cohort using self-administered web-based questionnaires. Occasional organic food consumers and regular organic food consumers (ROFC) were compared with non-organic food consumers (NOFC) using logistical regression providing an OR and 95 % CI. Adherence to the French food-based guidelines and interactions between nutritional knowledge and OF consumption in adherence to dietary guidelines were investigated. Medical history was also assessed in relation to OF consumption. Compared with NOFC, ROFC were more likely to be vegetarian (OR 9·93; 95 % CI 7·42, 13·29 in women; OR 13·07; CI 7·00, 24·41 in men) and were less likely to be aware of nutritional guidelines regarding meat consumption (OR 0·37; CI 0·34, 0·40 in women; OR 0·41; CI 0·36, 0·47 in men). Compared with NOFC, ROFC had a lower risk of type II diabetes, hypertension and CVD; however, this effect was only significant for men. In contrast, organic consumers were more likely to report food allergies. Consuming OF appeared to affect the relationship between nutritional knowledge and adequate intake of meat/poultry/seafood/eggs and starchy food among both sexes. Our study provides new insights into the diet- and health-related behaviours of OF consumers in a large sample of participants residing in France. This should be taken into account in future studies investigating relationships between health and OF consumption.

  7. Association between organic food consumption and metabolic syndrome: cross-sectional results from the NutriNet-Santé study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baudry, Julia; Lelong, Hélène; Adriouch, Solia; Julia, Chantal; Allès, Benjamin; Hercberg, Serge; Touvier, Mathilde; Lairon, Denis; Galan, Pilar; Kesse-Guyot, Emmanuelle

    2017-08-02

    Metabolic syndrome (MetS), a multicomponent condition, is a cardiovascular disease predictor. Although exposure to agricultural pesticides has been suggested as a potential contributor to the rising rates of obesity, type 2 diabetes, and other features of metabolic disorders, no studies have focused on the association between consumption of organic food (produced without synthetic pesticides) and MetS. We aimed to investigate the cross-sectional association between organic food consumption and MetS in French adults to determine whether it would be worth conducting further studies, particularly large prospective and randomised trials. A total of 8174 participants from the NutriNet-Santé study who attended a clinical visit and completed an organic food frequency questionnaire were included in this cross-sectional analysis. We evaluated the association between the proportion of organic food in the diet (overall and by food group) and MetS using Poisson regression models while adjusting for potential confounders. Higher organic food consumption was negatively associated with the prevalence of MetS: adjusted prevalence ratio was 0.69 (95% CI 0.61, 0.78) when comparing the third tertile of proportion of organic food in the diet with the first one (p value organic plant-based foods was also related to a lower probability of having MetS. In addition, when stratifying by lifestyle factors (nutritional quality of the diet, smoking status, and physical activity), a significant negative association was detected in each subgroup (p values organic food consumption was associated with a lower probability of having MetS. Additional prospective studies and randomised trials are required to ascertain the relationship between organic food consumption and metabolic disorders.

  8. Typology of eaters based on conventional and organic food consumption: results from the NutriNet-Santé cohort study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baudry, Julia; Touvier, Mathilde; Allès, Benjamin; Péneau, Sandrine; Méjean, Caroline; Galan, Pilar; Hercberg, Serge; Lairon, Denis; Kesse-Guyot, Emmanuelle

    2016-08-01

    Limited information is available on large-scale populations regarding the socio-demographic and nutrient profiles and eating behaviour of consumers, taking into account both organic and conventional foods. The aims of this study were to draw up a typology of consumers according to their eating habits, based both on their dietary patterns and the mode of food production, and to outline their socio-demographic, behavioural and nutritional characteristics. Data were collected from 28 245 participants of the NutriNet-Santé study. Dietary information was obtained using a 264-item, semi-quantitative, organic FFQ. To identify clusters of consumers, principal component analysis was applied on sixteen conventional and sixteen organic food groups followed by a clustering procedure. The following five clusters of consumers were identified: (1) a cluster characterised by low energy intake, low consumption of organic food and high prevalence of inadequate nutrient intakes; (2) a cluster of big eaters of conventional foods with high intakes of SFA and cholesterol; (3) a cluster with high consumption of organic food and relatively adequate nutritional diet quality; (4) a group with a high percentage of organic food consumers, 14 % of which were either vegetarians or vegans, who exhibited a high nutritional diet quality and a low prevalence of inadequate intakes of most vitamins except B12; and (5) a group of moderate organic food consumers with a particularly high intake of proteins and alcohol and a poor nutritional diet quality. These findings may have implications for future aetiological studies investigating the potential impact of organic food consumption.

  9. [A qualitative study to validate the Work and Career (Santé et Itinéraire Professionnel) statistical survey: principles and methods].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guiho-Bailly, Marie-Pierre; Roquelaure, Yves

    2013-01-01

    The population-based survey "Santé et itinéraire professionnel" (SIP) aims to investigate the relationship between health and career. A qualitative study was conducted to identify potential biases in the design of the questionnaire. The Laboratoire d'ergonomie et d'épidémiologie en santé au travail (research center on "Ergonomics and Epidemiology in Occupational Health" based at the University of Angers, France) recently conducted a study entitled "Rapport subjectif au travail, sens des trajets professionnels et construction de la santé" ("The subjective perception of work, career paths and the construction of health"). Individual interviews were conducted with thirty survey respondents (irrespective of whether they had reported any health problems or established a link between a health event and their career path) by two experts in the psychodynamics of work. The analysis of the clinical and statistical data involved four stages: a study of an initial test case, a comparison of monographs and reports drawn up by the DREES/DARES, an analysis of questionnaire responses, and an analysis of thirty monographs. MAIN RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: After an examination of the results in relation to sample composition and the method used, the study shows that the relationship between health and career is not overestimated, but also indicates that psychological and musculoskeletal disorders and "minor" work accidents tend to be underreported. The study also found a loss of information about professional mobility as a way of maintaining health. Based on a qualitative approach to validation, the proposed method provides a basis for assessing the design of the questionnaire and provides reference points for data interpretation and the direction of future research.

  10. Annual report 1973

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1973-01-01

    The GKSS scientific annual report summarizes the problems and results of the research and development projects of 1973. In contrast to earlier annual reports, a comprehensive description of the research facilities is not included. The annual report was extended by the paragraph 'Financial Report 1973' in the chapter 'Development of Geesthacht Research Centre'. The financial report gives a survey of the financial transactions and the major operations of the year under review. (orig./AK) [de

  11. E-santé et maison intelligente : Une approche à travers le prisme des Systèmes à Evénements Discrets

    OpenAIRE

    Danancher , Mickaël; Saives , Jérémie; Faraut , Gregory; Lesage , Jean-Jacques

    2014-01-01

    National audience; Le vieillissement de la population appelle à repenser l'organisation des soins dans la société en considérant un continuum de cette organisation des maisons personnelles aux hôpitaux. Pour répondre à cette problématique de gestion de la santé à domicile, les nouvelles technologies permettent de rendre intelligentes les habitations, améliorant ainsi le confort et la sécurité de ses habitants. Cependant, cette intelligence est encore souvent mal perçue par les habitants car t...

  12. Proyecto de restauración de la riera de Sant Genís de Palafolls en el T.M. de Malgrat de Mar

    OpenAIRE

    Miralpeix García, Marta

    2010-01-01

    El proceso de urbanización de la zona este de Malgrat de Mar colindante a la riera de Sant Genis de Palafolls se realizó sin tener en cuenta la existencia de la riera y su peligrosidad en episodios de lluvia torrencial. La falta de restricciones sobre el espacio a ocupar por las viviendas dio lugar al encajonamiento de la riera entre muros interiores de casas, realizados por cada unos de los propietarios de las casas colindantes. De ahí que los episodios de inundación se repita...

  13. L'irrigation avec des eaux usées et la santé : Évaluer et atténuer les ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    18 déc. 2009 ... Ce livre représente la réflexion la plus novatrice et la plus point pointue sur le sujet à l'heure actuelle et marque un tournant décisif dans l'histoire de l'utilisation des eaux usées pour l'irrigation, car il s'agit d'une contribution majeure à la préservation de l'eau et des nutriments, ainsi qu'à la santé et au ...

  14. La recerca sobre el parc rural de la Torre Negra: oportunitats per a la reforma ambiental de Sant Cugat del Vallès.

    OpenAIRE

    Llerena del Castillo, Germán; Espinet Blanch, Mariona; Martín-Aragón Navazo, Aitana; Fisher Sabrià, Kevin

    2010-01-01

    Amb aquest article es fa un balanç de les aportacions fetes per recerques universitàries a l’Ajuntament de Sant Cugat del Vallès (Barcelona) al voltant del parc rural de la Torre Negra. Les recerques són de naturalesa educativa i territorial, posant en valor per primer cop l’agricultura per una ciutat que ha deixat de ser pagesa per esdevenir un símbol de qualitat de vida urbana. Una primera recerca (Martín-Aragón i Espinet, 2007), realitzada com a treball de final de carrera de Ciències Ambi...

  15. Development Assistance for Health (DAH | L’aide au développement en faveur de la santé (ADS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Deaths by Disease vs Development Assistance for Health (DAH*, 2008 (in percentage of total DAH and total deaths by regionDécès par maladie et aide au développement en faveur de la santé (ADS*, 2008 (en pourcentage de l’ADS totale et du nombre total des décès par région*DAH includes both financial and in-kind contributions for activities aimed at improving health in low- and middleincome countries. | L’ADS comprend les contributions financières et en nature aux actions pour améliorer la sa...

  16. La participation des personnes utilisatrices aux exercices de planification et d'organisation des services de santé mentale au Québec

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michèle Clément

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Cet article documente la manière dont s'est renouvelé et s'est transformé au fil du temps le projet de faire participer les usagers aux exercices de planification et d'organisation des services de santé mentale au Québec (Canada. Pour ce faire, les auteurs reviennent sur l'ensemble des documents ministériels qui ont traité de cette question et dégage, pour les principaux moment-clés, les principales modalités de participation des usagers.

  17. Agroecología escolar en comunidades urbanas mediterráneas. El caso de Sant Cugat del Vallès (Barcelona)

    OpenAIRE

    Llerena del Castillo, Germán

    2013-01-01

    Se presenta la agroecología escolar como práctica educativa, que tiene su referente social en la agroecología, a través del trabajo realizado durante seis años en el municipio de Sant Cugat del Vallès (Barcelona). Se trata de una experiencia escolar en red que involucra centros escolares, administración, universidad y el sector de educadores/as agroambientales del municipio. Se presenta la práctica educativa a partir del huerto escolar ecológico y sus raíces agroecológicas. Finalmente, se en...

  18. NUKEM annual report 1981

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The annual report of this important undertaking in the German nuclear industry informs about its structure, holdings and activities in 1981. The report of the management is followed by remarks on the annual statement of accounts (annual balance, profit-loss accounting) and the report of the Supervisory Board. In the annex the annual balance of NUKEM GmbH/HOBEG mbH as per December 31, 1981, and the profit-loss accounting of NUKEM GmbH/HOBEG mbH for the business year 1981 are presented. (UA) [de

  19. Annual Statistical Supplement, 2002

    Data.gov (United States)

    Social Security Administration — The Annual Statistical Supplement, 2002 includes the most comprehensive data available on the Social Security and Supplemental Security Income programs. More than...

  20. Annual Statistical Supplement, 2010

    Data.gov (United States)

    Social Security Administration — The Annual Statistical Supplement, 2010 includes the most comprehensive data available on the Social Security and Supplemental Security Income programs. More than...

  1. Annual Statistical Supplement, 2007

    Data.gov (United States)

    Social Security Administration — The Annual Statistical Supplement, 2007 includes the most comprehensive data available on the Social Security and Supplemental Security Income programs. More than...

  2. Annual Statistical Supplement, 2001

    Data.gov (United States)

    Social Security Administration — The Annual Statistical Supplement, 2001 includes the most comprehensive data available on the Social Security and Supplemental Security Income programs. More than...

  3. Annual Statistical Supplement, 2016

    Data.gov (United States)

    Social Security Administration — The Annual Statistical Supplement, 2016 includes the most comprehensive data available on the Social Security and Supplemental Security Income programs. More than...

  4. Annual Statistical Supplement, 2011

    Data.gov (United States)

    Social Security Administration — The Annual Statistical Supplement, 2011 includes the most comprehensive data available on the Social Security and Supplemental Security Income programs. More than...

  5. Annual Statistical Supplement, 2005

    Data.gov (United States)

    Social Security Administration — The Annual Statistical Supplement, 2005 includes the most comprehensive data available on the Social Security and Supplemental Security Income programs. More than...

  6. Annual Statistical Supplement, 2015

    Data.gov (United States)

    Social Security Administration — The Annual Statistical Supplement, 2015 includes the most comprehensive data available on the Social Security and Supplemental Security Income programs. More than...

  7. Annual Statistical Supplement, 2003

    Data.gov (United States)

    Social Security Administration — The Annual Statistical Supplement, 2003 includes the most comprehensive data available on the Social Security and Supplemental Security Income programs. More than...

  8. Annual Statistical Supplement, 2017

    Data.gov (United States)

    Social Security Administration — The Annual Statistical Supplement, 2017 includes the most comprehensive data available on the Social Security and Supplemental Security Income programs. More than...

  9. Annual Statistical Supplement, 2008

    Data.gov (United States)

    Social Security Administration — The Annual Statistical Supplement, 2008 includes the most comprehensive data available on the Social Security and Supplemental Security Income programs. More than...

  10. Annual Statistical Supplement, 2014

    Data.gov (United States)

    Social Security Administration — The Annual Statistical Supplement, 2014 includes the most comprehensive data available on the Social Security and Supplemental Security Income programs. More than...

  11. Annual Statistical Supplement, 2004

    Data.gov (United States)

    Social Security Administration — The Annual Statistical Supplement, 2004 includes the most comprehensive data available on the Social Security and Supplemental Security Income programs. More than...

  12. Annual Statistical Supplement, 2000

    Data.gov (United States)

    Social Security Administration — The Annual Statistical Supplement, 2000 includes the most comprehensive data available on the Social Security and Supplemental Security Income programs. More than...

  13. Annual Statistical Supplement, 2009

    Data.gov (United States)

    Social Security Administration — The Annual Statistical Supplement, 2009 includes the most comprehensive data available on the Social Security and Supplemental Security Income programs. More than...

  14. Annual Statistical Supplement, 2006

    Data.gov (United States)

    Social Security Administration — The Annual Statistical Supplement, 2006 includes the most comprehensive data available on the Social Security and Supplemental Security Income programs. More than...

  15. OGC Geographic Information Service Deductive Semantic Reasoning Based on Description Vocabularies Reduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MIAO Lizhi

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available As geographic information interoperability and sharing developing, more and more interoperable OGC (open geospatial consortium Web services (OWS are generated and published through the internet. These services can facilitate the integration of different scientific applications by searching, finding, and utilizing the large number of scientific data and Web services. However, these services are widely dispersed and hard to be found and utilized with executive semantic retrieval. This is especially true when considering the weak semantic description of geographic information service data. Focusing on semantic retrieval and reasoning of the distributed OWS resources, a deductive and semantic reasoning method is proposed to describe and search relevant OWS resources. Specifically, ①description words are extracted from OWS metadata file to generate GISe ontology-database and instance-database based on geographic ontology according to basic geographic elements category, ②a description words reduction model is put forward to implement knowledge reduction on GISe instance-database based on rough set theory and generate optimized instances database, ③utilizing GISe ontology-database and optimized instance-database to implement semantic inference and reasoning of geographic searching objects is used as an example to demonstrate the efficiency, feasibility and recall ration of the proposed description-word-based reduction model.

  16. Conflicting deductions from machining and other tests, concerning flow stress at high strain rates and temperatures

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Childs, T.H.C.

    1974-01-01

    This paper is concerned with the friction interaction between an En1A chip and a cemented tungsten--titanium carbide cutting tool during turning En1A on a lathe at speeds between 0.25 and 7.5 m s -1 and at feeds of 0.13 and 0.26 mm rev -1 . The mean friction stress has been measured and deductions made from chip shape measurements about the variation of the friction stress over the rake face. Three regimes of continuous chip formation were seen. In the first, the mean friction stress was independent of strain rate and temperature, in the second it depended on temperature and in the third, at the highest cutting speeds, it depended on temperature and feed. In the third regime, softening of the chip material caused by frictional heating limited the friction force, but the softening temperature depended on the heating rate of the chip material. Softening occurred at 700 0 C when the rate of heating from room temperature was 5.4 x 10 5 0 C s -1 and at 1160 0 C when the rate was 1.7 x 10 7 0 C s -1 . (U.S.)

  17. Research of General Deduction Optimization on PEMFC Manufacturing with Fuzzy Linguistic Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tian-Syung Lan

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available In control questions, multiquality parameters are the most suitable, as they are everlasting in highly complex misalignment relations; the relationship between the parameter and quality of mutual influence is complex, and often massive redundant operations must be achievable by the test installation. Because the most suitable multiquality parameter is difficult to achieve, this study designates the proton exchange membrane fuel cell as the topic, takes the inlet temperature, inlet pressure, and incoming flow speed as the controlling elements, uses conformity fuzzy meaning analysis and the ideal solution similar order by chance law (TOPSIS, and discusses the parameters to control the influences of the quality goal. As outlet temperature, outlet pressure, pressure drop do not operate after the experiment, this study uses the meaning deduction method and develops a set of the most suitable control mechanisms. The research results show that this study develops a quality decision scheme for a set of meanings by using the misalignment and a high order complexity question. It also penetrates the meaning method, which guarantees that the quality and experimental efficiency may elevate the competitive power of science and technological undertakings development, effectively economize costs, and provide a set of economies and perspectives. The multiqualities are the most suitable control plan which meets the demands of practice.

  18. Employee choice of a high-deductible health plan across multiple employers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lave, Judith R; Men, Aiju; Day, Brian T; Wang, Wei; Zhang, Yuting

    2011-02-01

    To determine factors associated with selecting a high-deductible health plan (HDHP) rather than a preferred provider plan (PPO) and to examine switching and market segmentation after initial selection. Claims and benefit information for 2005-2007 from nine employers in western Pennsylvania first offering HDHP in 2006. We examined plan growth over time, used logistic regression to determine factors associated with choosing an HDHP, and examined the distribution of healthy and sick members across plan types. We linked employees with their dependents to determine family-level variables. We extracted risk scores, covered charges, employee age, and employee gender from claims data. We determined census-level race, education, and income information. Health status, gender, race, and education influenced the type of individual and family policies chosen. In the second year the HDHP was offered, few employees changed plans. Risk segmentation between HDHPs and PPOs existed, but it did not increase. When given a choice, those who are healthier are more likely to select an HDHP leading to risk segmentation. Risk segmentation did not increase in the second year that HDHPs were offered. © Health Research and Educational Trust.

  19. Using the deductible for patient channeling: did preferred providers gain patient volume?

    Science.gov (United States)

    van der Geest, Stéphanie A; Varkevisser, Marco

    2016-06-01

    In market-based health care systems, channeling patients to designated preferred providers can increase payer's bargaining clout, other things being equal. In the unique setting of the new Dutch health care system with regulated competition, this paper evaluates the impact of a 1-year natural experiment with patient channeling on providers' market shares. In 2009 a large regional Dutch health insurer designated preferred providers for two different procedures (cataract surgery and varicose veins treatment) and gave its enrollees a positive financial incentive for choosing them. That is, patients were exempted from paying their deductible when they went to a preferred provider. Using claims data over the period 2007-2009, we apply a difference-in-difference approach to study the impact of this channeling strategy on the allocation of patients across individual providers. Our estimation results show that, in the year of the experiment, preferred providers of varicose veins treatment on average experienced a significant increase in patient volume relative to non-preferred providers. However, for cataract surgery no significant effect is found. Possible explanations for the observed difference between both procedures may be the insurer's selection of preferred providers and the design of the channeling incentive resulting in different expected financial benefits for both patient groups.

  20. Deductible expenses for effects of the income tax. A business approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Santiváñez Guarniz

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available The fiscal charges of the income tax state that if we want to consider an expense as deductible it must fulfill the causality principle, apart from that, they state rules that expenses are necessary to generate income and fulfill the criterion of reasonable expenses, majority among others.Showing that an expense is a necessity is a complicated task that in many cases will force — the person to determine that necessity — to examine internal aspects of the company, as business strategies, internal policies, etc. Apart from the analytical complexity of these topics, there will be the subjective aspect from the point of view of the outside observer.This article pretends to show the difficulty to decide if an expense is necessary or not, through the analysis of a real case where the tax system denies expenses of a taxpayer because they were not considered necessary for that kind of business.

  1. 17 CFR 240.15c3-1e - Deductions for market and credit risk for certain brokers or dealers (Appendix E to 17 CFR 240...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... credit risk for certain brokers or dealers (Appendix E to 17 CFR 240.15c3-1). 240.15c3-1e Section 240....15c3-1(c)(2)(vi) and (c)(2)(vii) and to compute deductions for credit risk pursuant to this Appendix E... the broker or dealer will use to calculate deductions for market and credit risk on those categories...

  2. Natural representation of the deduction; applying to the temporal reasoning for expert systems based on production rules

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Baudin, Patrick

    1990-01-01

    The expert systems development within a real time context, requires both to master the necessary reasoning about the time as well as to master the necessary response time for reasoning. Although rigorous temporal logic formalisms exist, strategies for temporal reasoning are either incomplete or else imply unacceptable response times. The first part presents the logic formalism upon which is based the production system. This formalism contains a three-valued logic system with truth-valued matrix, and a deductive system with a formal system. It does a rigorous work for this no standard logic, where the notions of consistency and completeness can be studied. Its development supports itself on the will to formalise the reasoning used at the elaboration time of the strategies to make them more explicit as the natural deduction method. The second part proposes an extension for the source logic formalism to take explicitly the time into account. The approach proposed through 'TANIS', the prototype of such an expert system shell, using a natural reasoning application is proposed. It allows, at the generation time, the implementation within the expert system, of an adapted deduction strategy to the symbolic temporal reasoning which is complete and ease the determination of the response time. (author) [fr

  3. CSIR Annual report 1965

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    CSIR

    1965-01-01

    Full Text Available stream_source_info Annual Report_ 1965.pdf.txt stream_content_type text/plain stream_size 48 Content-Encoding ISO-8859-1 stream_name Annual Report_ 1965.pdf.txt Content-Type text/plain; charset=ISO-8859-1 ...

  4. CSIR Annual report 1992

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    CSIR

    1992-01-01

    Full Text Available stream_source_info Annual Report_ 1992.pdf.txt stream_content_type text/plain stream_size 39 Content-Encoding ISO-8859-1 stream_name Annual Report_ 1992.pdf.txt Content-Type text/plain; charset=ISO-8859-1 ...

  5. CSIR Annual report 1979

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    CSIR

    1979-01-01

    Full Text Available stream_source_info CSIR Annual report_1979.pdf.txt stream_content_type text/plain stream_size 86 Content-Encoding ISO-8859-1 stream_name CSIR Annual report_1979.pdf.txt Content-Type text/plain; charset=ISO-8859-1 ...

  6. CSIR Annual report 1976

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    CSIR

    1976-01-01

    Full Text Available stream_source_info Annual Report_1976.pdf.txt stream_content_type text/plain stream_size 75 Content-Encoding ISO-8859-1 stream_name Annual Report_1976.pdf.txt Content-Type text/plain; charset=ISO-8859-1 ...

  7. CSIR Annual report 1978

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    CSIR

    1978-01-01

    Full Text Available stream_source_info Annual Report_1978.pdf.txt stream_content_type text/plain stream_size 78 Content-Encoding ISO-8859-1 stream_name Annual Report_1978.pdf.txt Content-Type text/plain; charset=ISO-8859-1 ...

  8. CSIR Annual report 1991

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    CSIR

    1991-01-01

    Full Text Available stream_source_info Annual Report_ 1991.pdf.txt stream_content_type text/plain stream_size 40 Content-Encoding ISO-8859-1 stream_name Annual Report_ 1991.pdf.txt Content-Type text/plain; charset=ISO-8859-1 ...

  9. Annual Partnership Report, 2016

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wyoming Community College Commission, 2016

    2016-01-01

    The "Annual Partnership Report" catalogs partnerships that Wyoming community colleges established and maintained for each fiscal year. This partnership report fulfills statutory reporting requirement W.S. 21-18-202(e)(iv) which mandates the development of annual reports to the legislature on the outcomes of partnerships between colleges…

  10. Annual Report 1997

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Golnik, N.; Mika, J.R.; Wieteska, K. [eds.

    1998-12-31

    This Annual Report of the Institute of Atomic Energy describes the results of the research works carried out at the Institute at 1997. As in the preceding years the authors of the individual scientific reports published in this Annual Report are fully responsible for their content and layout. The Report contains the information on other activities of the Institute as well. (author)

  11. Annual Energy Review, 2008

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2009-06-01

    The Annual Energy Review (AER) is the Energy Information Administration's (EIA) primary report of annual historical energy statistics. For many series, data begin with the year 1949. Included are statistics on total energy production, consumption, trade, and energy prices; overviews of petroleum, natural gas, coal, electricity, nuclear energy, renewable energy, and international energy; financial and environment indicators; and data unit conversions.

  12. Natural gas annual 1991

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1993-01-01

    The Natural Gas Annual 1991 provides information on the supply and disposition of natural gas to a wide audience including industry, consumers Federal and State agencies, and education institutions. This report, the Natural Gas Annual 1991 Supplement: Company Profiles, presents a detailed profile of selected companies

  13. Annual Report 2001

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Swiboda, G.

    2002-01-01

    This Annual Report of the Institute of Atomic Energy describes the results of the research works carried out at the Institute at 2001. As in the preceding years the authors of the individual scientific reports published in this Annual Report are fully responsible for their content and layout. The Report contains the information on other activities of the Institute as well. (author)

  14. Annual report to Congress

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1987-01-01

    This is the ninth Annual Report to Congress of the United States Department of Energy. It covers the activities of all elements of the Department except the independent Federal Regulatory Commission, which issues its own annual report. 88 refs., 43 tabs

  15. Annual Report 1997

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Golnik, N.; Mika, J.R.; Wieteska, K.

    1998-01-01

    This Annual Report of the Institute of Atomic Energy describes the results of the research works carried out at the Institute at 1997. As in the preceding years the authors of the individual scientific reports published in this Annual Report are fully responsible for their content and layout. The Report contains the information on other activities of the Institute as well. (author)

  16. Annual Report 1997

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Golnik, N; Mika, J R; Wieteska, K [eds.

    1999-12-31

    This Annual Report of the Institute of Atomic Energy describes the results of the research works carried out at the Institute at 1997. As in the preceding years the authors of the individual scientific reports published in this Annual Report are fully responsible for their content and layout. The Report contains the information on other activities of the Institute as well. (author)

  17. El bàcul de Sant Pere d'Àger: la pèrdua d'un unicum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matas i Blanxart, Maria Teresa

    1999-12-01

    Full Text Available This study consists of an investigation about one missing crosier made of champlevé enamel. This object comes from the Sant Pere d'Ager church (Lleida. This piece is an unicum inside the enamels corpus of Catalonia for its personal iconography. We think that this piece of work by Limoges dates from the end of the 12th century or from the beginning of the 13th century.[fr] Nous présentons dans cet article un étude d'une crosse d'émail champlevé procédant de l'église de Sant Pere d'Ager (Lleida. Il est aujourd'hui perdu. Cet object pour la tematique iconographique est un unicum dans le corpus des émauxs champlevé catalans. Nous pouvons situer la chronologie de cette crosse en cuivre champlevé émaillé et doré, dans l'oeuvre de Limoges des derniers années du siècle XIIᵉ ou la première partie du XIIIᵉ siècle.

  18. Registered nurses views of caring in coronary care--a deductive and inductive content analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andersson, Ewa K; Sjöström-Strand, Annica; Willman, Ania; Borglin, Gunilla

    2015-12-01

    To extend nurses' descriptions of how they understood caring, as reflected in the findings of an earlier study (i.e. the hierarchical outcome space) and to gain additional understandings and perspectives of nurses' views of caring in relation to a coronary care patient case. Scientific literature from the 1970s-1990s contains descriptions of caring in nursing. In contrast, the contemporary literature on this topic--particularly in the context of coronary care--is very sparse, and the few studies that do contain descriptions rarely do so from the perspective of nurses. Qualitative descriptive study. Twenty-one nurses were interviewed using the stimulated recall interview technique. The data were analysed using deductive and inductive qualitative content analysis. The results of the iterative and integrated content analysis showed that the data mainly reproduced the content of the hierarchical outcome space describing how nurses could understand caring; however, in the outcome space, the relationship broke up (i.e. flipped). The nurses' views of caring could now also be understood as: person-centredness 'lurking' in the shadows; limited 'potential' for safeguarding patients' best interests; counselling as virtually the 'only' nursing intervention; and caring preceded by the 'almighty' context. Their views offered alternative and, at times, contrasting perspectives of caring, thereby adding to our understanding of it. Caring was described as operating somewhere between the nurses caring values and the contextual conditions in which caring occurred. This challenged their ability to sustain caring in accordance with their values and the patients' preferences. To ensure that the essentials of caring are met at all times, nurses need to plan and deliver caring in a systematic way. The use of systematic structures in caring, as the nursing process, can help nurses to work in a person-centred way, while sustaining their professional values. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  19. Deduction and Analysis of the Interacting Stress Response Pathways of Metal/Radionuclide-reducing Bacteria

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhou, Jizhong [University of Oklahoma; He, Zhili [University of Oklahoma

    2010-02-28

    Project Title: Deduction and Analysis of the Interacting Stress Response Pathways of Metal/Radionuclide-reducing Bacteria DOE Grant Number: DE-FG02-06ER64205 Principal Investigator: Jizhong (Joe) Zhou (University of Oklahoma) Key members: Zhili He, Aifen Zhou, Christopher Hemme, Joy Van Nostrand, Ye Deng, and Qichao Tu Collaborators: Terry Hazen, Judy Wall, Adam Arkin, Matthew Fields, Aindrila Mukhopadhyay, and David Stahl Summary Three major objectives have been conducted in the Zhou group at the University of Oklahoma (OU): (i) understanding of gene function, regulation, network and evolution of Desulfovibrio vugaris Hildenborough in response to environmental stresses, (ii) development of metagenomics technologies for microbial community analysis, and (iii) functional characterization of microbial communities with metagenomic approaches. In the past a few years, we characterized four CRP/FNR regulators, sequenced ancestor and evolved D. vulgaris strains, and functionally analyzed those mutated genes identified in salt-adapted strains. Also, a new version of GeoChip 4.0 has been developed, which also includes stress response genes (StressChip), and a random matrix theory-based conceptual framework for identifying functional molecular ecological networks has been developed with the high throughput functional gene array hybridization data as well as pyrosequencing data from 16S rRNA genes. In addition, GeoChip and sequencing technologies as well as network analysis approaches have been used to analyze microbial communities from different habitats. Those studies provide a comprehensive understanding of gene function, regulation, network, and evolution in D. vulgaris, and microbial community diversity, composition and structure as well as their linkages with environmental factors and ecosystem functioning, which has resulted in more than 60 publications.

  20. Gestion par projets et risques pour la santé psychologique au travail dans la nouvelle économie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marie-Josée Legault

    2006-05-01

    Full Text Available Y a-t-il des problèmes de santé mentale propres au travail dans la nouvelle économie ? Quoiqu’on puisse constater que le modèle de demande psychologique - autonomie décisionnelle de Karasek et Theorell- trouve aussi son application dans les milieux de travail qui empruntent cette forme, on observe, en fait, des formes particulières de ces facteurs dans la forme d’organisation du travail propre à la gestion par projets. Assimilables à « l’hypersollicitation par le client » comme il a été repéré par Christophe Dejours, ces formes ont été observées lors d’une enquête menée récemment sur la conciliation entre la vie privée et la vie professionnelle dans sept organisations montréalaises. La recherche qualitative a recueilli en tout le discours de 88 répondants distribués également selon le sexe et exerçant des fonctions liées au génie informatique. Ces observations permettent d’envisager une nuance au modèle théorique de la santé mentale ci-haut mentionné, visant à tenir compte des effets délétères d’une très grande latitude décisionnelle assortie de très grandes responsabilités chez des travailleurs hautement qualifiés.Are there distinct mental health problems among workers in the new economy? Although we may observe that the psychological demand - decision latitude model of Karakek and Theorell is appropriate and also finds its application in this type of workplace, we also notice some particular forms that these factors take in the management-by-project work organization model. Akin to the so-called "client’s hyper-demanding activity" as identified by Christophe Dejours, these forms were observed during a recent field study about balancing work and family in seven Montreal organizations. The qualitative study collected data from 88 individual interviews of information technology engineers, evenly distributed by gender. These observations allow a nuance of the above-mentioned theoretical

  1. NIRE annual report 1999

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-07-01

    The National Institute for Resources and Environment (NIRE) has a R & D concept of 'ecotechnology' that aims to protect the environment from degradation whilst promoting sustainable development. This annual report presents summaries of 32 recent research efforts.

  2. ASIST 2002 annual meeting

    CERN Multimedia

    Peek, R

    2003-01-01

    Review of discussions and presentations at the American Society for Information Science and Technology 2002 annual meeting. Topics covered included new models of scholarly publishing and the development of the semantic web (1 page).

  3. SIS - Annual Catch Limit

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The Annual Catch Limit (ACL) dataset within the Species Information System (SIS) contains information and data related to management reference points and catch data.

  4. IKO Annual Report 1976

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1977-01-01

    The IKO Annual Report of 1976 relates their progress in different projects and project fields. The fields covered include electron scattering, pion and muon physics, theory, radio- and nuclear chemistry, technical department, MEA, nuclear reactions and nuclear spectroscopy

  5. Annual Adjustment Factors

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Housing and Urban Development — The Department of Housing and Urban Development establishes the rent adjustment factors - called Annual Adjustment Factors (AAFs) - on the basis of Consumer Price...

  6. 2002 Annual report: synthesis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2003-01-01

    This synthesis of the Annual Report 2002 presents information of the main activities on the scope of the radiation protection and nuclear safety of the Nuclear Regulatory Authority (ARN) of the Argentina during 2002

  7. Annual report 1980

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1981-01-01

    This annual report contains a description of the named institute, the research programm, reports from the scientific establishments, a description of different cooperations, and a list of scientific publications. (HSI) [de

  8. Annual Report 1974

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1975-01-01

    This annual report supersedes the work done in the nuclear physics institute at Lyon. The studied matters are the following: nuclear theory, nuclear reactions, nuclear spectroscopy and nuclear chemistry [fr

  9. 2010 Annual Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2010-01-01

    This annual report includes: an overview of Western; approaches for future hydropower and transmission service; major achievements in FY 2010; FY 2010 customer Integrated Resource Planning, or IRP, survey; and financial data.

  10. Annual report 1990

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gaeggeler, H.W.; Lorenzen, R.

    1991-04-01

    This annual report of the chemistry laboratory gives an overview of research performed during 1990 in the field of geochemistry, trace analysis, aerosol chemistry, heavy elements, cement chemistry and analytical chemistry. figs., tabs., refs

  11. Scientific annual report 1980

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1981-01-01

    This annual report contains a collection of the abstracts of the publications concerning research and development in the named institute together with a bibliography about further publications, contributions to conferences and speeches. (HSI) [de

  12. Annual report - LNLS - 1990

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1990-01-01

    This is the 1990 Annual Report of the LNLS, the upcoming Brazilian Synchrotron Light Source. It discusses its projects, organization as well as the proposed experimental stations. It presents also a list of publications. (A.C.A.S.)

  13. Annual report 2005

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Toncik, M.

    2006-04-01

    In this Annual report the operating of the Slovak Environmental Agency in 2005 is reported. The structure of the Agency, mission, personnel structure, financing, monitoring of the environment, international cooperation and coordination of research programmes are reviewed

  14. Annual report 2002

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Toncik, M.

    2003-04-01

    In this Annual report the operating of the Slovak Environmental Agency in 2002 is reported. Structure of the Agency, mission, personnel structure, financing, monitoring of the environment, international cooperation and coordination of research programmes are reviewed

  15. Annual report 2004

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Toncik, M.

    2005-04-01

    In this Annual report the operating of the Slovak Environmental Agency in 2004 is reported. The structure of the Agency, mission, personnel structure, financing, monitoring of the environment, international cooperation and coordination of research programmes are reviewed

  16. Annual report 2003

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Toncik, M.

    2004-04-01

    In this Annual report the operating of the Slovak Environmental Agency in 2003 is reported. The structure of the Agency, mission, personnel structure, financing, monitoring of the environment, international cooperation and coordination of research programmes are reviewed

  17. Annual report 2006

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon

    2007-04-01

    In this Annual report the operating of the Slovak Environmental Agency in 2006 is reported. The structure of the Agency, mission, personnel structure, financing, monitoring of the environment, international cooperation and coordination of research programmes are reviewed

  18. Annual Report 1978

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1979-01-01

    The annual report gives the specific scientific results in the fields of nuclear and radiation physics, radiation chemistry, radiochemistry and data processing with a list of publications. (orig.) [de

  19. 2000 Annual report: synthesis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2001-01-01

    This synthesis of the Annual Report 2000 present information of the main activities on the scope of the radiation protection and nuclear safety of the Nuclear Regulatory Authority (NRA) of the Argentina during 2000

  20. 2001 Annual report: synthesis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2001-01-01

    This synthesis of the Annual Report 2001 presents information of the main activities on the scope of the radiation protection and nuclear safety of the Nuclear Regulatory Authority (ARN) of the Argentina during 2001

  1. Annual report 2003

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2003-01-01

    Delivering products and services to nuclear power plants operators, AREVA operates in every sector of the civilian nuclear power and fuel cycle industry. This annual report 2003 provides, in seven chapters, information on persons responsible for the annual report and for auditing the financial statements, general information on the company and share capital (statute, capital, share trading, dividends), information on company operations, changes and future prospects, assets, financial position and financial performance, corporate governance, recent developments and future prospects. (A.L.B.)

  2. Annual report June 1988

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1988-01-01

    This annual report reviews the activities of the National Accelerator Centre until June 1988. The 200 MeV cyclotron facility, the Pretoria cyclotron facility and the Van De Graaff facility are discussed in detail. Aspects of the 200 MeV cyclotron facility examined are, inter alia: the injector cyclotrons, the separated-sector cyclotron, the control system, the beam transport system and radioisotope production. Separate abstracts were prepared for the various subdivisions contained in this annual report

  3. Natural gas annual 1995

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1996-11-01

    The Natural Gas Annual provides information on the supply and disposition of natural gas to a wide audience including industry, consumers, Federal and State agencies, and educational institutions. The 1995 data are presented in a sequence that follows natural gas (including supplemental supplies) from its production to its end use. This is followed by tables summarizing natural gas supply and disposition from 1991 to 1995 for each Census Division and each State. Annual historical data are shown at the national level

  4. Natural gas annual 1993

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1994-01-01

    The Natural Gas Annual provides information on the supply and disposition of natural gas to a wide audience including industry, consumers, Federal and State agencies, and educational institutions. The 1993 data are presented in a sequence that follows natural gas (including supplemental supplies) from its production to its end use. Tables summarizing natural gas supply and disposition from 1989 to 1993 are given for each Census Division and each State. Annual historical data are shown at the national level

  5. Natural gas annual 1991

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1992-01-01

    The Natural Gas Annual provides information on the supply and disposition of natural gas to a wide audience including industry, consumers, Federal and State agencies, and educational institutions. The 1991 data are presented in a sequence that follows natural gas (including supplemental supplies) from its production to its end use. Tables summarizing natural gas supply and disposition form 1987 to 1991 are given for each Census Division and each State. Annual historical data are shown at the national level

  6. ABC+SCM=Sant?

    OpenAIRE

    Dahl, Jonas; Porelius, Jesper

    2006-01-01

    Background: Companies of today commonly search to gain competitive advantages throughout different forms of co-operation, one of which is referred to as Supply Chain Management. Although little research has been assigned to the topic of how to manage and control this type of relation, lately a growing number of academics has been arguing that ABC is an appropriate mean of controlling this type of relationships. Purpose: The purpose of this thesis is to investigate to what degree the ongoing d...

  7. HEALTH INFO SANTE

    CERN Multimedia

    1999-01-01

    Information from the CHIS Board and Personnel Division:A new contract to manage our health insurance has been signed with AUSTRIA and it will come into force on 1 January 2000.The changeover to the new contract will not affect those covered by thescheme since there will be no change in the list of services reimbursed or in the reimbursement procedure.However, you are requested (as far as possible) to submit separate claims fortreatment (not bills) received before 1 January 2000 as opposed to treatment received after 1 January 2000. This will help AUSTRIA with its accounting.

  8. Comprendre l'influence des facteurs contextuels sur la participation communautaire à la santé : une étude de cas dans le district sanitaire de Tenkodogo, au Burkina Faso.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sombié, Issa; Ilboudo, David O S; Soubeiga, André Kamba; Samuelsen, Helle

    2017-09-01

    Le Burkina Faso met en œuvre depuis plusieurs années la stratégie de la participation communautaire. Des comités de gestion (CoGes) ont été mis en place dans les centres de santé de la première ligne et doivent participer aux prises de décisions. L'objectif principal de cette stratégie est de favoriser l'utilisation des services de santé et une adhésion massive des communautés aux activités de promotion de la santé. Seulement, on constate que les résultats escomptés par les autorités sanitaires tardent à se réaliser. Le présent article convoque les facteurs liés au contexte socioculturel du district sanitaire, pour analyser le phénomène de la participation communautaire. L'étude s'est déroulée dans le district sanitaire de Tenkodogo, situé dans la région administrative du Centre-est, à environ 190 km de la capitale. Cette étude exclusivement qualitative, a utilisé deux méthodes de collecte : les entretiens individuels et les focus groups. Les participants à l'étude sont les chefs de ménage ( n = 48), les membres des CoGes ( n = 10), les agents de santé ( n = 8) et les agents de santé communautaire ( n = 24). La méthode de l'analyse de contenu a été utilisée pour l'analyse des données. Les résultats de l'étude montrent que plusieurs facteurs socioculturels influencent la dynamique de la participation communautaire dans le district. Ce sont les conditions économiques, la perception négative des services de santé, les inégalités sociales de sexe et d'âge, le faible ancrage social des organisations communautaires, les rivalités inter-villages et les conflits coutumiers. L'étude relève également que les communautés ne perçoivent pas leur implication dans le processus décisionnel des services de santé comme une priorité. Leurs principales attentes s'orientent vers la disponibilité de soins de qualité et à coût réduit.

  9. Adaptation, mise à l'épreuve et évaluation d'interventions complexes en santé publique : leçons tirées du Nurse-Family Partnership dans le secteur de la santé publique au Canada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. M. Jack

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction : Le Nurse-Family Partnership (NFP est un programme de visites à domicile destiné aux nouvelles jeunes mères défavorisées sur le plan socioéconomique. Les données issues de trois essais contrôlés randomisés (ECR américains ont solidement démontré l'efficacité des interventions quant à l'amélioration de l'issue de la grossesse, de la santé et du développement des enfants ainsi que de l'autonomie économique des mères. Cependant, l'efficacité du NFP dans le contexte canadien des services de santé et des services sociaux, qui diffère de celui des États-Unis, reste à déterminer. Cet article vise à décrire le processus complexe suivi pour adapter la recherche sur le NFP et mettre ainsi en œuvre ce programme au Canada. Méthodologie : L'évaluation menée au Canada se divise en trois étapes : 1 adaptation de l'intervention, 2 mise à l'épreuve de l'intervention dans des études de faisabilité et d'acceptabilité à petite échelle et 3 réalisation d'un ECR et d'une évaluation du processus dans le cadre de l'étude intitulée British Columbia Healthy Connections Project (BCHCP. Cette évaluation à grande échelle permettra d'enrichir la base de données probantes du NFP par la tenue d'une étude supplémentaire sur les mécanismes biologiques susceptibles de témoigner de la relation entre l'intervention et les effets sur le comportement des enfants. Résultats : L'adaptation de la documentation du NFP pour les visites à domicile est un processus continu. Un projet pilote a montré la faisabilité du recrutement des femmes admissibles au NFP. Il a aussi révélé qu'il était préférable au Canada que le NFP soit mis en œuvre par les organismes de santé publique et que les infirmières et infirmiers en santé publique (ISP s'occupent des interventions. Enfin, il a montré que ce programme intensif de visites à domicile a bénéficié d'une réception positive de la part des clientes, des membres de

  10. Les expériences de victimisation, la santé mentale et le bien-être de jeunes trans au Québec

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raymond, Guillaume; Blais, Martin; Bergeron, Félix-Antoine; Hébert, Martine

    2016-01-01

    Résumé Les normes traditionnelles de genre prescrivent l’adéquation de l’expression de la masculinité et de la féminité au sexe anatomique de naissance. Les personnes qui présentent des variations dans l’expression de genre sont sujettes à diverses formes de réactions sociales suggérant la réprobation (des regards désapprobateurs aux violences physiques) susceptibles d’influencer négativement leur santé mentale. Trente-sept (37) jeunes se décrivant comme trans ou en questionnement sur leur identité de genre ont été recrutés dans le cadre de l’enquête sur les Parcours Amoureux des Jeunes de minorités sexuelles du Québec. Leurs expériences de victimisation parentale et de victimisation basée sur la non-conformité de genre ainsi que des indicateurs de santé mentale (détresse psychologique, estime de soi) ont été mesurés. Afin de comparer les expériences de victimisation et l’état de santé mentale des jeunes trans, ils ont été appariés à 37 garçons et 37 filles cisgenres sur la base de leurs caractéristiques sociodémographiques. Des analyses de prévalence et un modèle acheminatoire ont été réalisés. Les résultats mettent en évidence que les jeunes trans sont plus susceptibles de présenter des scores cliniques de détresse psychologique et de faible estime d’eux-mêmes que leurs pairs cisgenres. La violence verbale parentale et la victimisation basée sur la non-conformité de genre influencent négativement l’estime de soi, ce qui en retour augmente la probabilité de vivre de la détresse psychologique. Les résultats appuient l’importance des interventions de soutien à la diversité sexuelle et de genre. PMID:26966849

  11. Activités physiques libres ou encadrées et condition physique liée à la santé chez des adultes burundais: étude transversale

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bizimana, Jean Berchmans; Lawani, Mansourou Mohamed; Akplogan, Barnabé; Gaturagi, Charles

    2016-01-01

    Introduction l’activité physique régulière a un impact positif sur la santé. Cette étude a pour objet de comparer la condition physique liée à la santé des adultes qui s’exercent librement avec celle des adultes bénéficiant d’un encadrement professionnel. Elle tente aussi d’établir une relation entre le niveau d’activité physique et les paramètres de la condition liée à la santé. Méthodes nous avons évalué le niveau d’activité physique et les paramètres de la condition physique liée à la santé. Par le test t pour échantillons indépendants, nous avons comparé les moyennes et avons par le calcul du coefficient de corrélation r de Pearson analysé la relation entre le niveau d’activité physique et les paramètres de la condition physique. Résultats des écarts significatifs (p Le niveau d’activité physique est positivement corrélé (p le cholestérol HDL. Conclusion les résultats de cette étude montrent que l’activité physique libre est aussi efficace que l’activité physique encadrée dans le maintien des profils lipidique et physiologique favorables à la santé chez l’adulte burundais. Cependant, l’activité physique encadrée apporte des bénéfices supplémentaires pour le V˙O2max, la fréquence cardiaque de repos, la souplesse antérieure et la détente verticale PMID:28203315

  12. Sustainable development at tax-deductible costs or how to assure sustainable development by one’s way of living

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Willem Adrianus de Bruijn

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate that an imperative demand for an existence in harmony with Nature is created when the costs incurred for such an existence can be deducted from taxable income. All reasonable consumers who pay income taxes will then be driven to buy tax-deductible products. Producers will have to satisfy this demand. They will also have to justify their products’ characteristics, which assure sustainable development and to identify the costs which are associated with these qualities. The consumer needs to know which percentage of the purchase price he paid corresponds with the environmental cost free quality of the merchandise, in order for him to deduct the consequent amount from his taxable income. The theory underlying the deductibility of costs of living from taxable income is based on the following three assumptions: The goal of development is constantly determined by the purchases of consumers. Currently, the only goal with which consumers spend their income seems to be the one of consuming more. The recurring ecological crises reveal that it is impossible to continue to consume more of limited resources without eventually exhausting them. One of the functions of the consumer in the economy is to maintain a way of living which assures sustainable development. The principle of efficiency of economy, according to which the efficient place to manage any cost is at the source of the revenues which costs sustain. This paper also presents a practical and feasible application of our ideas. The creation of a way of living qualifies as research if it is achieved within the context of a scientific project with the cooperation of, in particular, academic institutions. Such a project could be operated within the context of the UNECE 1998 Aarhus Convention on Access to Information, Public Participation in Decision-making and Access to Justice in Environmental Matters, signed by Romania on 25 June 1998 and already ratified

  13. Sant Tomàs Becket i el programa iconogràfic de les pintures murals de Santa Maria de Terrassa

    OpenAIRE

    Guàrdia, Milagros

    1998-01-01

    L'anàlisi del programa iconogràfic de les pintures romàniques de Terrassa parteix de la filiació d'una de les escenes més rellevants, la mort de Becket, respecte dels models establerts a la catedral de Canterbury en les dues darreres dècades del segle XII i dels tituli que es traslladen a les inscripcions pintades a Santa Maria. S'intenta una interpretació del conjunt tot proposant la identificació de sant Esteve com a referència al darrer dels màrtirs en la conca de l'absis, així com a l'est...

  14. L’ergonomie et les chiffres de la santé au travail : ressources, tensions et pièges de Volkoff

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Esther Cloutier

    2005-11-01

    Full Text Available Ce livre regroupe quatre textes et une recension de bases de données d’auteurs différents qui s’intéressent à l’utilisation de données quantitatives pour l’amélioration de la compréhension des relations entre le travail et la santé principalement en ergonomie. Il est destiné aux chercheurs, enseignants, étudiants et praticiens en ergonomie. Il vise deux objectifs : 1 souligner la richesse des évaluations chiffrées et 2 présenter une lecture critique de ceux qui favorisent la quantification ...

  15. Profil épidémiologique et clinique de la tuberculose dans la zone de santé de Lubumbashi (RD Congo)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ngama, Christian Kakisingi; Muteya, Michel Manika; Lukusha, Yves Isango Idi; Kapend, Serge Matanda; Tshamba, Henri Mundongo; Makinko, Paul Ilunga; Mulumba, Claude Mwamba; Kalala, Liévin Kapend a

    2014-01-01

    Introduction L'objectif de notre travail était de déterminer la distribution sociodémographique des patients tuberculeux, les types de tuberculose en fonction de la localisation de la maladie et déterminer l'issue thérapeutique des patients en fonction de différentes localisations. Méthodes C'est une étude descriptive transversale des patients diagnostiqués et traités pour tuberculose du 1er Janvier 2010 au 30 Juin 2011 dans la zone de santé de Lubumbashi. Une de 11 zones de santé du District de Lubumbashi dans la province du Katanga(RD Congo). Ont été inclus tous les patients tuberculeux de nationalité congolaise consultés dans la zone de santé pendant la période d’étude. L’âge, le sexe, la commune de résidence, le tableau clinique à la première consultation et les résultats des examens de laboratoire des crachats par la coloration Ziehl-Neelsen ont été les paramètres d'analyse. Résultats Nous avons enregistré 708 patients tuberculeux soit une prévalence de 0.5%. Le sexe masculin représentait 58.78% contre 41.25% de sexe féminin avec un sexe ratio de 1.42 en faveur du sexe masculin. La moyenne d’âge était de 33±;15 ans. La majorité des patients soit 54.79 appartiennent à la tranche d’âge entre 21 et 40 ans. La tuberculose extra pulmonaire a représenté 51.8% contre 50.2% de tuberculose pulmonaire dont 31.9% à bacilloscopie positive. Le décès a intéressé les patients bacillifères puis qu'il y a 5 fois plus de décès liés à une tuberculose pulmonaire à microscopie positive qu'aux autres formes de tuberculose (OR (IC 95%): 5.27 (2.92-9.59, p = 0.00). La majorité des patients résidaient les communes Lubumbashi (41.7%) et Kampemba (23.2%). Conclusion La tuberculose extrapulmonaire (pleurale) a été plus rencontrée que la tuberculose pulmonaire et c'est cette dernière forme de tuberculose qui a entrainé beaucoup plus de décès. Ce qui nécessite une amélioration du système de santé de prise en charge des

  16. Action en santé mentale au travail et syndicalisme québécois : l'expérience de représentants syndicaux

    OpenAIRE

    Deslauriers, Jean-Simon

    2016-01-01

    Dans certains milieux syndicaux québécois, des initiatives porteuses destinées à prévenir les problèmes de santé mentale au travail ont vu le jour. Des représentants syndicaux pionniers ont mis en place des structures d’entraide opérantes, obtenu des jurisprudences importantes et développé des approches innovantes pour corriger ou bonifier l’organisation du travail, et ce depuis plus de trois décennies. Alors que la montée de l’idéologie néolibérale et les principes d’organisation du travail ...

  17. Associations between motives for dish choice during home-meal preparation and diet quality in French adults: findings from the NutriNet-Santé study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ducrot, Pauline; Méjean, Caroline; Fassier, Philippine; Allès, Benjamin; Hercberg, Serge; Péneau, Sandrine

    2017-03-01

    A number of motives such as constraints or pleasure have been suggested to influence dish choices during home-meal preparation. However, no study has evaluated how the importance conferred to these motives potentially influence diet quality. The present study aims at investigating the difference in diet quality according to the importance attached by individuals to various dish choice motives. The importance of twenty-seven criteria related to dish choices on weekdays was evaluated among 48 010 French adults from the NutriNet-Santé study. ANCOVA and logistic regression models, adjusted for sociodemographic and lifestyle factors, were used to evaluate the association between the importance attached to dish choice motives (yes v. no) and energy and food group intakes, as well as adherence to French nutritional guidelines (modified Programme National Nutrition Santé-Guideline Score (mPNNS-GS)). A higher adherence to nutritional guidelines was observed in individuals attaching importance to a healthy diet (mPNNS-GS score 7·87 (sd 0·09) v. 7·39 (sd 0·09)) and specific diets (mPNNS-GS score 7·73 (sd 0·09) v. 7·53 (sd 0·09)), compared with those who attached little/no importance (all Pfoods compared with their respective counterparts (all Pmotives, that is, constraints, pleasure and organisation, only small differences were observed. The main difference in diet quality was related to the importance placed on a healthy diet. Although a causal link should be demonstrated, our findings suggested that strategies aiming at enabling people to take into account diet quality during home-meal preparation might be effective levers to promote healthy eating.

  18. Cycles of time in the Iberian culture: the astronomical orientation of the temple of El Tossal de Sant Miquel de Llíria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Esteban, César

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available We present an archaeoastronomical study of the temple of the Iberian settlement of El Tossal de Sant Miquel de Llíria (València. We find that the major axis of the building is oriented very close to the east-west cardinal axis. The entrance of the temple is pointing towards an outstanding mountain on the eastern horizon, where the sunrise around the equinoxes takes place. On the other hand, the absence of other constructions just in front of the cultic building seems to support the inference that the astronomical relation was intentional, because it would permit the observation of the sunrise from the temple. The existence of other nearby Iberian sanctuaries showing similar relations with the equinoxes (or a date very close to them strongly supports the importance of these solar dates in the Iberian ritual.

    Presentamos un estudio arqueoastronómico del templo del poblado ibérico del Tossal de Sant Miquel de Llíria (Valencia. Encontramos que el eje mayor del edificio se encuentra orientado casi paralelo al eje cardinal este-oeste, con su entrada apuntando hacia una montaña singular del horizonte oriental donde se produce el orto solar alrededor de los equinoccios. Por otra parte, la ausencia de construcciones justo enfrente de la entrada del templo parece apoyar la intencionalidad de dicha relación astronómica, pues permitiría preservar la observación del fenómeno desde el edificio. La existencia de otros yacimientos ibéricos cercanos donde se han encontrado relaciones similares con los equinoccios (o una fecha muy cercana a éstos apunta, cada vez más claramente, hacia la idea de un especial protagonismo del paso del sol por los equinoccios en el calendario ritual ibérico.

  19. Success factors for implementing and sustaining a mature electronic medical record in a low-resource setting: a case study of iSanté in Haiti.

    Science.gov (United States)

    deRiel, E; Puttkammer, N; Hyppolite, N; Diallo, J; Wagner, S; Honoré, J G; Balan, J G; Celestin, N; Vallès, J S; Duval, N; Thimothé, G; Boncy, J; Coq, N R L; Barnhart, S

    2018-03-01

    Electronic health information systems, including electronic medical records (EMRs), have the potential to improve access to information and quality of care, among other things. Success factors and challenges for novel EMR implementations in low-resource settings have increasingly been studied, although less is known about maturing systems and sustainability. One systematic review identified seven categories of implementation success factors: ethical, financial, functionality, organizational, political, technical and training. This case study applies this framework to iSanté, Haiti's national EMR in use in more than 100 sites and housing records for more than 750 000 patients. The author group, consisting of representatives of different agencies within the Haitian Ministry of Health (MSPP), funding partner the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Haiti, and implementing partner the International Training and Education Center for Health (I-TECH), identify successes and lessons learned according to the seven identified categories, and propose an additional cross-cutting category, sustainability. Factors important for long-term implementation success of complex information systems are balancing investments in hardware and software infrastructure upkeep, user capacity and data quality control; designing and building a system within the context of the greater eHealth ecosystem with a plan for interoperability and data exchange; establishing system governance and strong leadership to support local system ownership and planning for system financing to ensure sustainability. Lessons learned from 10 years of implementation of the iSanté EMR system are relevant to sustainability of a full range of increasingly interrelated information systems (e.g. for laboratory, supply chain, pharmacy and human resources) in the health sector in low-resource settings. © The Author 2017. Published by Oxford University Press in association with The London School of Hygiene

  20. Contribution des hôpitaux de jour en psychiatrie dans le champ contemporain de la santé mentale au Québec

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marie-Laurence Poirel

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Actuellement au Québec, les hôpitaux de jour en psychiatrie sont des milieux de jour offrant un programme thérapeutique intensif de courte durée, principalement dans un contexte d'activités de groupe. Alors que les hôpitaux de jour sont des acteurs qui font partie intégrante du système de soins en santé mentale depuis plusieurs décennies, la question de leur rôle et de leur contribution spécifique dans le champ des approches et des pratiques de traitement et pour les personnes qu'ils rejoignent est rarement posée. Cet article s'articule autour de l'hypothèse selon laquelle les repères et les cadres actuellement dominants dans le champ de la psychiatrie et de la santé mentale permettent mal de dégager et de prendre en compte certains des paramètres dont il faut tenir compte pour parvenir à préciser et à situer le rôle et la contribution des hôpitaux de jour, dans le système de soin comme pour les personnes auxquelles ces milieux de pratique s'adressent. À partir des résultats préliminaires d'une étude exploratoire poursuivie dans quatre hôpitaux de jour où différents acteurs ont été rencontrés lors d'entrevues (personnes utilisatrices, intervenants, gestionnaires, cet article propose de dégager quelques pistes d'analyse et de réflexion.

  1. Annual report 1976

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1977-01-01

    This annual report is the fifth issued in English from the Tandem Accelerator Laboratory in Uppsala since research was started in November 1970. It covers work performed during the calendar year 1976 and updates information given in earlier annual reports with regard to laboratory facilities such as computer configuration and layout of the experimental area. The descriptions of the research projects are also in general more detailed than usual and may sometime contain results obtained before 1976 in order to avoid too many references to earlier annual reports. It has, for instance, been thought of interest to make the sections on the study of beam foil excitation of atoms and on the measurements of nuclear deformations by the REPREC method quite extensive. (Auth.)

  2. Petroleum supply annual 1992

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1993-01-01

    The Petroleum Supply Annual (PSA) contains information on the supply and disposition of crude oil and petroleum products. The publication reflects data that were collected from the petroleum industry during 1992 through annual and monthly surveys. The PSA is divided into two volumes. The first volume contains four sections: Summary Statistics, Detailed Statistics, Refinery Capacity, and Oxygenate Capacity each with final annual data. This second volume contains final statistics for each month of 1992, and replaces data previously published in the Petroleum Supply Monthly (PSM). The tables in Volumes 1 and 2 are similarly numbered to facilitate comparison between them. Explanatory Notes, located at the end of this publication, present information describing data collection, sources, estimation methodology, data quality control procedures, modifications to reporting requirements and interpretation of tables. Industry terminology and product definitions are listed alphabetically in the Glossary

  3. Using dual-process theory and analogical transfer to explain facilitation on a hypothetico-deductive reasoning task.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koenig, Cynthia S; Platt, Richard D; Griggs, Richard A

    2007-07-01

    Using the analogical transfer paradigm, the present study investigated the competing explanations of Girotto and Legrenzi (Psychological Research 51: 129-135, 1993) and Griggs, Platt, Newstead, and Jackson (Thinking and Reasoning 4: 1-14, 1998) for facilitation on the SARS version of the THOG problem, a hypothetico-deductive reasoning task. Girotto and Legrenzi argue that facilitation is based on logical analysis of the task [System 2 reasoning in Evans's (Trends in Cognitive Sciences 7: 454-459, 2003) dual-process account of reasoning] while Griggs et al. maintain that facilitation is due to an attentional heuristic produced by the wording of the problem (System 1 reasoning). If Girotto and Legrenzi are correct, then System 2 reasoning, which is volitional and responsible for deductive reasoning, should be elicited, and participants should comprehend the solution principle of the THOG task and exhibit analogical transfer. However, if Griggs et al. are correct, then System 1 reasoning, which is responsible for heuristic problem solving strategies such as an attentional heuristic, should occur, and participants should not abstract the solution principle and transfer should not occur. Significant facilitation (68 and 82% correct) was only observed for the two SARS source problems, but significant analogical transfer did not occur. This lack of transfer suggests that System 1 reasoning was responsible for the facilitation observed in the SARS problem, supporting Griggs et al.'s attentional heuristic explanation. The present results also underscore the explanatory value of using analogical transfer rather than facilitation as the criterion for problem understanding.

  4. Spectral-ratio radon background correction method in airborne γ-ray spectrometry based on compton scattering deduction

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gu Yi; Xiong Shengqing; Zhou Jianxin; Fan Zhengguo; Ge Liangquan

    2014-01-01

    γ-ray released by the radon daughter has severe impact on airborne γ-ray spectrometry. The spectral-ratio method is one of the best mathematical methods for radon background deduction in airborne γ-ray spectrometry. In this paper, an advanced spectral-ratio method was proposed which deducts Compton scattering ray by the fast Fourier transform rather than tripping ratios, the relationship between survey height and correction coefficient of the advanced spectral-ratio radon background correction method was studied, the advanced spectral-ratio radon background correction mathematic model was established, and the ground saturation model calibrating technology for correction coefficient was proposed. As for the advanced spectral-ratio radon background correction method, its applicability and correction efficiency are improved, and the application cost is saved. Furthermore, it can prevent the physical meaning lost and avoid the possible errors caused by matrix computation and mathematical fitting based on spectrum shape which is applied in traditional correction coefficient. (authors)

  5. Natural gas annual 1997

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1998-10-01

    The Natural Gas Annual provides information on the supply and disposition of natural gas to a wide audience including industry, consumers, Federal and State agencies, and educational institutions. The 1997 data are presented in a sequence that follows natural gas (including supplemental supplies) from its production to its end use. This is followed by tables summarizing natural gas supply and disposition from 1993 to 1997 for each Census Division and each State. Annual historical data are shown at the national level. 27 figs., 109 tabs

  6. Natural gas annual 1997

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-10-01

    The Natural Gas Annual provides information on the supply and disposition of natural gas to a wide audience including industry, consumers, Federal and State agencies, and educational institutions. The 1997 data are presented in a sequence that follows natural gas (including supplemental supplies) from its production to its end use. This is followed by tables summarizing natural gas supply and disposition from 1993 to 1997 for each Census Division and each State. Annual historical data are shown at the national level. 27 figs., 109 tabs.

  7. International energy annual 1996

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-02-01

    The International Energy Annual presents an overview of key international energy trends for production, consumption, imports, and exports of primary energy commodities in over 220 countries, dependencies, and areas of special sovereignty. Also included are population and gross domestic product data, as well as prices for crude oil and petroleum products in selected countries. Renewable energy reported in the International Energy Annual includes hydroelectric power, geothermal, solar, and wind electric power, biofuels energy for the US, and biofuels electric power for Brazil. New in the 1996 edition are estimates of carbon dioxide emissions from the consumption of petroleum and coal, and the consumption and flaring of natural gas. 72 tabs.

  8. Annual report 2000

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2001-07-01

    Article VI.J of the Agency's Statute requires the Board of Governors to submit 'an annual report to the General Conference concerning the affairs of the Agency and any projects approved by the Agency'. This report covers the period 1 January to 31 December 2000

  9. IRI annual report 1989

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1990-01-01

    In this annual report of the Dutch Interfacultary Reactor Institute, summary reports are presented of current research and teaching activities during 1989 of the departments radiochemistry, radiation chemistry, radiation physics and reactor physics, operation and maintenance of, and experiments with the Delft Hoger Onderwijs reactor, nuclear instrumentation projects and supporting services. (H.W.). 299 refs.; 2 figs.; 7 tabs

  10. Annual report 1981

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1981-12-01

    This annual report contains short descriptions of the work done at the named institute. These concern the study of hyperfine interactions, experiments with synchroton radiation, experiments at storage rings, and experiments at CERN. Furthermore, a list of publications, contributions to conferences and these is presented. (HSI) [de

  11. CSIR Annual report 1966

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    CSIR

    1966-01-01

    Full Text Available This report presents the twenty second annual report of the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research. The report covers the period from the 1st January, 1966, to the 31st December 1966. Balance sheets and statements of income and expenditure...

  12. Annual Report - ESCELSA - 1997

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1998-01-01

    The annual report of ESCELSA - Brazilian electric power distribution company - introduces the following main topics: state of Espirito Santo; strategic focus; financial performance; relation with investors; energy sales; market overview; market expansion; customers; technological stream; measuring quality; electric system; investments; protecting the environment; and resource allocation

  13. Annual Conference Abstracts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Journal of Engineering Education, 1972

    1972-01-01

    Includes abstracts of papers presented at the 80th Annual Conference of the American Society for Engineering Education. The broad areas include aerospace, affiliate and associate member council, agricultural engineering, biomedical engineering, continuing engineering studies, chemical engineering, civil engineering, computers, cooperative…

  14. HASYLAB annual report 1987

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1988-01-01

    This annual report contains extended abstracts about the work performed at HASYLAB together with a list of publications, speeches, and theses. The work concerns technical developments, the study of the electronic structure of atoms, molecules, solids, surfaces, and liquids, X-ray structure studies of solids and interfaces, molecular biology, further applications of synchrotron radiation, and experimental developments. (HSI)

  15. Annual report 1996

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1996-01-01

    This annual report presents an evaluation of activities of the Entomology Unit of the FAO/IAEA Agriculture and Biotechnology Laboratory, Seibersdorf. The major themes of the report include mass rearing and quality control in Tsetse fly and research on Medfly genetic sexing strains

  16. Annual report 1999

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1999-01-01

    This annual report presents an evaluation of activities of the Entomology Unit of the FAO/IAEA Agriculture and Biotechnology Laboratory, Seibersdorf. The major themes of the report include mass rearing and quality control in Tsetse fly and research on Medfly genetic sexing strains

  17. Annual report 1997

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1997-01-01

    This annual report presents an evaluation of activities of the Entomology Unit of the FAO/IAEA Agriculture and Biotechnology Laboratory, Seibersdorf. The major themes of the report include mass rearing and quality control in Tsetse fly and research on Medfly genetic sexing strains

  18. CSIR Annual report 1968

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    CSIR

    1968-01-01

    Full Text Available This report presents the twenty fourth annual report of the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research. The report covers the period from the 1st January, 1968, to the 31st December 1968. Balance sheets and statements of income and expenditure...

  19. CSIR Annual report 1971

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    CSIR

    1971-01-01

    Full Text Available This report presents the twenty seventh annual report of the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research. The report covers the period from the 1st January, 1971, to the 31st December 1971. Balance sheets and statements of income and expenditure...

  20. CSIR Annual report 1970

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    CSIR

    1970-01-01

    Full Text Available This report presents the twenty sixth annual report of the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research. The report covers the period from the 1st January, 1970, to the 31st December 1970. Balance sheets and statements of income and expenditure...