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Sample records for santander summer school

  1. Santander

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julio Cerviño

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo analiza, en primer lugar, la expansión reciente y posicionamiento de las marcas españolas en los mercados internacionales y sus efectos en una mejor y más reforzada imagen país. En este contexto, y en una segunda parte, se analiza la proyección, imagen y estrategia internacional de la marca Santander, situándola en las distintas fases de un modelo de desarrollo de marca internacional, comenzando por su fase de marca local hasta alcanzar un fuerte posicionamiento y notoriedad internacional. Los análisis teóricos conceptuales se acompañan con datos descriptivos de las investigaciones más recientes sobre el valor de las marcas financieras en el mundo y sobre la notoriedad internacional de las marcas españolas

  2. Santander

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luz Marina Bautista R.

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: describir la forma como algunos usuarios de la Empresa Social del Estado Francisco de Paula Santander, de Cúcuta, Colombia, hospitalizados en el servicio de especialidades médicas, percibieron la calidad del cuidado del personal de enfermería durante el segundo semestre de 2004. Muestra: 202 usuarios del servicio de especialidades médicas que cumplieran con los criterios de inclusión y aceptaran participar mediante firma de consentimiento informado. El estudio es de tipo cuantitativo descriptivo transversal. Método: se utilizó el instrumento Caring Assessment Questionare (Care-Q de Patricia Larson, integrado por cincuenta preguntas divididas en las siguientes subescalas del comportamiento de la enfermera: accesible, explica y facilita, conforta, se anticipa, mantiene relación de confianza, y monitorea y hace seguimiento. Resultados: los comportamientos más importantes percibidos por los usuarios están relacionados con habilidades del personal como: administrar al paciente los tratamientos y las medicinas oportunamente, saber aplicar inyecciones, manipular equipos de uso parenteral (sueros, las máquinas de succión y otros equipos. Los comportamientos menos importantes son: preguntar al paciente cómo prefiere que lo llamen, sentarse con éste, ser jovial, ofrecer alternativas razonables y encontrar la mejor oportunidad para hablarle sobre los cambios de su estado de salud. Conclusión: conocer la percepción de los usuarios permite evaluar la calidad de los cuidados ofrecidos en los servicios de salud, para ser más competitivos y satisfacer las necesidades y expectativas de cuidado del paciente hospitalizado en el servicio de clínicas médicas.

  3. School Construction Summer Slam

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jensen, Richard F.

    2012-01-01

    Every school has a list of renovations, upgrades and repairs that need attention, but many are too distracting and disruptive to carry out during the school year. Often, the best time to address these nagging construction projects is during the summer when students are on break and the campus is quieter. Although these "summer slammers" often are…

  4. Desayuno y almuerzo de los adolescentes escolarizados de Santander Breakfast and snack of schooled adolescents in Santander

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. de Rufino Rivas

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Estudiar el modelo de desayuno e ingesta alimentaria de media mañana (almuerzo de los adolescentes escolarizados de la ciudad de Santander. Sujetos: Se realizó un estudio transversal, analizando una muestra de 403 adolescentes: 232 mujeres (58%; IC-95%:52%-62% y 171 varones (42%; IC-95%: 38%-48%, de edades comprendidas entre los 12 y los 19 años, escolarizados en 12 centros de enseñanza secundaria de Santander, mediante un cuestionario cerrado y un recuerdo de 24 horas. Resultados: El 5% (IC-95%: 3,1%-7,6% de los jóvenes manifestó no desayunar. Los alimentos más consumidos son la leche (47%; IC-95%: 42%-52%, la leche chocolateada (40%: IC-95%: 36%-45% y las galletas (45%; IC-95%: 36%-45%. Por otro lado, el 63% (IC-95%:58%-70% de los jóvenes consume leche entera, el 21% (IC-95%:17%-26% leche semidesnatada y el 11% (IC-95%:8%-15% leche desnatada. Se aprecia una tendencia lineal decreciente en el consumo de leche entera, y un aumento paralelo en el consumo de leches con menos fracción grasa conforme aumenta el curso académico de los adolescentes (test r² de tendencia lineal de Armitage = 2,32; p = 0,02. Los varones consumen una media de 3,0 (DE=1,35 alimentos diferentes en el desayuno y las mujeres 2,4 (DE=1,20. El 43% (IC-95%:38%-48% de los adolescentes almuerza, lo que implica que un 2% (IC-95%: 1%-4% de los jóvenes ni desayuna ni almuerza. El desayuno representa el 18% (IC-95%: 16%-19% del total de la ingesta energética diaria, mientras que para el almuerzo este porcentaje es del 16% (IC-95%:14%-17%. Conclusión: Es necesario fomentar el consumo de un desayuno y almuerzo saludables que proporcionen una ingesta cuantitativa y cualitativa adecuadas.Objective: To study the breakfast model and food intake at mid-morning (snack in schooled adolescents at Santander city. Subjects: A cross-sectional study was performed analyzing a sample of 403 adolescents: 232 girls (58%; 95%CI: 52%-62% and 171 boys (42%; 95%CI: 38%-48%, with

  5. Chemical Physics Summer School

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2002-06-28

    The Gordon Research Conference (GRC) on Chemical Physics Summer School was held at Roger Williams University, Bristol, RI. Emphasis was placed on current unpublished research and discussion of the future target areas in this field.

  6. School manuals for teaching geography at the Sovereign State of Santander: 1868-1879

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Alejandro Aguirre Rueda

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available This article presents at least three objectives. The irst of them:to evidence the legislative aspects of the Organic Decree of Public Primary Instruction –ODPPI– of 1870 in relation to the topic of school manuals, the school knowledge of geography and the way in which it was evaluated. Secondly, this paper presents an identiication and description of the content and dissemination of some of the geography school manuals that existed in the Sovereign State of Santander during the last three decades of the 19th century. Finally, we present the ways in which some teachers from Santander resisted the initiative to consolidate the printed text as the main reference for the dissemination of school knowledge. Based on the previous information, this article comprises four sections which deal with the aforementioned topics. Therefore, it was conirmed that ODPPI regulated the subject of school manuals, to the point of identifying some of the directly responsible agents of its achievement and monitoring. Likewise, geography, as school knowledge, was regulated within the curricula. Besides, evidence shows that geography school manuals did not include as much printed material as subjects like arithmetic or reading. Equally, geography was found to be taught under the following categories: Universal and Colombian and Regional. Finally, even though the State taught the importance of the print text, other voices emerged in defense of oral teaching methods, which made it possible to identify that the consolidation of printing as a diffusion system for culture was not an easy lineal task.

  7. The Summer School Alpbach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gitsch Michaela

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Sixty young, highly qualified European science and engineering students converge annually for stimulating 10 days of work in the Austrian Alps. Four teams are formed, each of which designs a space mission, which are then judged by a jury of experts. Students learn how to approach the design of a satellite mission and explore new and startling ideas supported by experts. The Summer School Alpbach enjoys more than 30 years of tradition in providing in-depth teaching on different topics of space science and space technology, featuring lectures and concentrated working sessions on mission studies in self-organised working groups. The Summer School is organised by the Austrian Research Promotion Agency (FFG and co-sponsored by the European Space Agency (ESA, the International Space Science Institute (ISSI, and the national space authorities of its member and cooperating states.

  8. Next Generation Summer School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eugenia, Marcu

    2013-04-01

    On 21.06.2010 the "Next Generation" Summer School has opened the doors for its first students. They were introduced in the astronomy world by astronomical observations, astronomy and radio-astronomy lectures, laboratory projects meant to initiate them into modern radio astronomy and radio communications. The didactic programme was structure as fallowing: 1) Astronomical elements from the visible spectrum (lectures + practical projects) 2) Radio astronomy elements (lectures + practical projects) 3) Radio communication base (didactic- recreative games) The students and professors accommodation was at the Agroturistic Pension "Popasul Iancului" situated at 800m from the Marisel Observatory. First day (summer solstice day) began with a practical activity: determination of the meridian by measurements of the shadow (the direction of one vertical alignment, when it has the smallest length). The experiment is very instructive and interesting because combines notions of physics, spatial geometry and basic astronomy elements. Next day the activities took place in four stages: the students processed the experimental data obtained on first day (on sheets of millimetre paper they represented the length of the shadow alignments according the time), each team realised its own sun quadrant, point were given considering the design and functionality of these quadrant, the four teams had to mimic important constellations on carton boards with phosphorescent sticky stars and the students, accompanied by the professors took a hiking trip to the surroundings, marking the interest point coordinates, using a GPS to establish the geographical coronations and at the end of the day the students realised a small map of central Marisel area based on the GPS data. On the third day, the students were introduced to basic notions of radio astronomy, the principal categories of artificial Earth satellites: low orbit satellites (LEO), Medium orbit satellites (MEO) and geostationary satellites (GEO

  9. Summer School on Spintronics

    CERN Document Server

    Wolf, Stuart; Idzerda, Yves

    2003-01-01

    Stuart Wolf This book originated as a series of lectures that were given as part of a Summer School on Spintronics in the end of August, 1998 at Lake Tahoe, Nevada. It has taken some time to get these lectures in a form suitable for this book and so the process has been an iterative one to provide current information on the topics that are covered. There are some topics that have developed in the intervening years and we have tried to at least alert the readers to them in the Introduction where a rather complete set of references is provided to the current state of the art. The field of magnetism, once thought to be dead or dying, has seen a remarkable rebirth in the last decade and promises to get even more important as we enter the new millennium. This rebirth is due to some very new insight into how the spin degree of freedom of both electrons and nucleons can play a role in a new type of electronics that utilizes the spin in addition to or in place of the charge. For this new field to mature and prosper, ...

  10. 1998 Complex Systems Summer School

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-12-15

    For the past eleven years a group of institutes, centers, and universities throughout the country have sponsored a summer school in Santa Fe, New Mexico as part of an interdisciplinary effort to promote the understanding of complex systems. The goal of these summer schools is to provide graduate students, postdoctoral fellows and active research scientists with an introduction to the study of complex behavior in mathematical, physical, and living systems. The Center for Nonlinear Studies supported the eleventh in this series of highly successful schools in Santa Fe in June, 1998.

  11. Huijia School Summer Camp Program

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    As an open and international educational institution, Beijing Huijia Private School is located in Changping, a scenic district in Beijing's northern suburb. In order to strengthen international cultural exchanges, promote the study of Chinese language and the spread of Chinese culture, and make the world know more about China, Huijia School regularly organizes various summer camps for students of different ages every year. Until now, we have already successfully received more than 1,000 students from hom...

  12. Summer Schools for European teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ros, Rosa M.

    The Summer Schools have been organised by the European Association for Astronomy Education (EAAE) for European teachers. The first was organised in La Seu d'Urgell, Spain, the second was organised in 1998 in Fregene, Italy and the third in 1999, during the week of the eclipse in Briey, France, on the line of total darkness. We had a cloudy eclipse, but fortunately we could observe it. We are preparing the 4th one next July in Tavira, Portugal. A group of 50 participants are involved in each Summer School. In the last one the participants were from 14 countries. The activities are organised in General Lectures, Working Groups and Workshops to reduced groups and day and night Observations. To increase communication, each Summer School has three official languages: the language of the host country, English and another well-known by the participants. The proceedings are published beforehand with all the contents to facilitate participation. Each paper appears in English and another language. The activities are organised in General Lectures, Working Groups and Workshops to reduced groups and day and night Observations. To increase communication, each Summer School has three official languages: the language of the host country, English and another well-known by the participants. The proceedings are published beforehand with all the contents to facilitate participation. Each paper appears in English and another language.

  13. National Nuclear Physics Summer School

    CERN Document Server

    2016-01-01

    The 2016 National Nuclear Physics Summer School (NNPSS) will be held from Monday July 18 through Friday July 29, 2016, at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). The summer school is open to graduate students and postdocs within a few years of their PhD (on either side) with a strong interest in experimental and theoretical nuclear physics. The program will include the following speakers: Accelerators and Detectors - Elke-Caroline Aschenauer, Brookhaven National Laboratory Data Analysis - Michael Williams, MIT Double Beta Decay - Lindley Winslow, MIT Electron-Ion Collider - Abhay Deshpande, Stony Brook University Fundamental Symmetries - Vincenzo Cirigliano, Los Alamos National Laboratory Hadronic Spectroscopy - Matthew Shepherd, Indiana University Hadronic Structure - Jianwei Qiu, Brookhaven National Laboratory Hot Dense Nuclear Matter 1 - Jamie Nagle, Colorado University Hot Dense Nuclear Matter 2 - Wilke van der Schee, MIT Lattice QCD - Sinead Ryan, Trinity College Dublin Neutrino Theory - Cecil...

  14. Aversiones y preferencias alimentarias de los adolescentes de 14 a 18 años de edad, escolarizados en la ciudad de Santander Nutritional aversions and preferences of 14-18 years old adolescents, schooled at the city of Santander

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. de Rufino-Rivas

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Describir las aversiones y preferencias alimentarias de los adolescentes, de 14 a 18 años de edad, escolarizados en Santander y analizar los cambios ocurridos en las mismas en la última década. Sujetos: Se realizó un estudio transversal, analizando una muestra de 1.134: 549 varones (48,4%, IC-95%: 45,5% a 51,3% y 585 mujeres (51,6%, IC-95%: 48,7% a 54,5%, de edades comprendidas entre los 14 y los 18 años, escolarizados en siete centros de enseñanza secundaria de Santander, mediante un cuestionario. Resultados: Las verduras y hortalizas (54,7% y las legumbres (18,7% constituyen las principales aversiones alimentarias de los adolescentes. Por otro lado, los cereales (53,3% y la carne (14,6% son los grupos de alimentos preferidos. Las lentejas, la lechuga, la fresa, el agua y la pasta en general fueron los alimentos más valorados dentro de sus respectivos grupos de alimentos y bebidas. Conclusión: Las aversiones y preferencias alimentarias de los adolescentes santanderinos son, en líneas generales, bastante similares a las observadas en otros estudios, y no han sufrido cambios sustanciales a lo largo de la última década. Los datos obtenidos pueden ser útiles para observar las futuras tendencias sobre preferencias alimentarias, que conjuntamente con otros parámetros permitan caracterizar el comportamiento alimentario de nuestros adolescentes.Objective: To describe the nutritional aversions and preferences of 14-18 years old adolescents schooled at Santander and analyze the changes taking place within the last decade. Subjects: A cross-sectional study was carried out analyzing a sample of 1134 adolescents: 549 males (48.4%, 95% CI: 45.5%-5.3% and 585 females (5.6%, 95% CI: 48.7%-54.5%, ages comprised between 14 and 18 years, and schooled at centers of secondary educational level from Santander, by means of a questionnaire. Results: vegetables (54.7% and legumes (18.7% represent the main nutritional aversions of adolescents. On

  15. Formulating Policy for Summer Schools.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marriot, Helen

    1991-01-01

    Explores issues relating to the formulation of policy for summer programs for language learning, describing one university's experience with student demand, student motivation and progress, course timing and structure, academic staffing, administrative organization, student and staff evaluation, and funding. (three references) (CB)

  16. CIM Academy Summer School: A Report of the Evaluation of the 2000 Summer School.

    Science.gov (United States)

    King, Fredrick; Kobak, Jared

    The Certificate of Initial Mastery (CIM) Academy summer school in Portland, Oregon, is a public school program that provides additional support to students in grades 5 through 8 who are not meeting state and district standards in reading and mathematics. Summer 2000 was the second year of this program, and this session benefited from the…

  17. Summer School on Particle Physics

    CERN Document Server

    2017-01-01

    The goal of the school is to give a detailed overview of particle physics from the basics of Standard Model phenomenology to the most important areas where significant progress has been achieved recently. This year the school will cover both the energy and the intensity frontiers, including lectures on experimental techniques for small scale experiments and on formal developments in quantum field theory.

  18. OECD - HRP Summer School on Nuclear Fuel

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-07-01

    In cooperation with the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA), the Halden Reactor Project organised a Summer School on nuclear fuel in the period August 28 September 1, 2000. The summer school was primarily intended for people who wanted to become acquainted with fuel-related subjects and issues without being experts. It was especially hoped that the summer school would serve to transfer knowledge to the ''young generation'' in the field of nuclear fuel. Experts from Halden Project member organisations gave the following presentations: (1) Overview of the nuclear community, (2) Criteria for safe operation and design of nuclear fuel, (3) Fuel design and fabrication, (4) Cladding Manufacturing, (5) Overview of the Halden Reactor Project, (6) Fuel performance evaluation and modelling, (7) Fission gas release, and (8) Cladding issues. Except for the Overview, which is a written paper, the other contributions are overhead figures from spoken lectures.

  19. International Summer School on Nuclear Fuel

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-07-01

    In cooperation with the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA), the Halden Reactor Project organised a Summer School on nuclear fuel in the period August 28 September 1, 2000. The summer school was primarily intended for people who wanted to become acquainted with fuel-related subjects and issues without being experts. It was especially hoped that the summer school would serve to transfer knowledge to the ''young generation'' in the field of nuclear fuel. Experts from Halden Project member organisations gave the following presentations: (1) Overview of the nuclear community, (2) Criteria for safe operation and design of nuclear fuel, (3) Fuel design and fabrication, (4) Cladding Manufacturing, (5) Overview of the Halden Reactor Project, (6) Fuel performance evaluation and modelling, (7) Fission gas release, and (8) Cladding issues. Except for the Overview, which is a written paper, the other contributions are overhead figures from spoken lectures.

  20. Summer Schools in Nuclear and Radiochemistry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Silber, Herbert B. [San Jose State University

    2013-06-20

    The ACS Summer Schools in Nuclear and Radiochemistry (herein called “Summer Schools”) were funded by the U.S. Department of Energy and held at San Jose State University (SJSU) and Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL). The Summer Schools offer undergraduate students with U.S. citizenship an opportunity to complete coursework through ACS accredited chemistry degree programs at SJSU or the State University of New York at Stony Brook (SBU). The courses include lecture and laboratory work on the fundamentals and applications of nuclear and radiochemistry. The number of students participating at each site is limited to 12, and the low student-to-instructor ratio is needed due to the intense nature of the six-week program. To broaden the students’ perspectives on nuclear science, prominent research scientists active in nuclear and/or radiochemical research participate in a Guest Lecture Series. Symposia emphasizing environmental chemistry, nuclear medicine, and career opportunities are conducted as a part of the program. The Department of Energy’s Office of Basic Energy Sciences (BES) renewed the five-year proposal for the Summer Schools starting March 1, 2007, with contributions from Biological and Environmental Remediation (BER) and Nuclear Physics (NP). This Final Technical Report covers the Summer Schools held in the years 2007-2011.

  1. 2015 CERN-Fermilab HCP Summer School

    CERN Multimedia

    2015-01-01

    CERN and Fermilab are jointly offering a series of "Hadron Collider Physics Summer Schools", to prepare young researchers for these exciting times. The school has alternated between CERN and Fermilab, and will return to CERN for the tenth edition, from 24 June to 3 July 2015. The CERN-Fermilab Hadron Collider Physics Summer School is an advanced school targeted particularly at young postdocs and senior PhD students working towards the completion of their thesis project, in both Experimental High Energy Physics (HEP) and phenomenology. Lecture Topics include: Statistics in HEP, Heavy Flavour, Heavy Ion, Standard Model, Higgs searches and measurements, BSM theory, BSM searches, Top physics, QCD and Monte Carlos, Accelerators, Detectors for the future, Trigger and DAQ, Dark Matter Astroparticle, and two special lectures on Future Colliders, and 20 years after the top discovery. Calendar and Details: Mark your calendar for  24 June - 3 July 2015, when CERN will welcome students to t...

  2. Developing High School Geoscientists through Summer Internships

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saltzman, J.

    2012-12-01

    High school students in the San Francisco Bay Area have the opportunity to contribute to Earth sciences research during the summer at Stanford University. The School of Earth Sciences hosts about 25 high school students each summer to support ongoing research, through more than just washing glassware. To increase diversity in the geosciences, we select students from diverse backgrounds through an application process which lessens the burden on busy faculty. The students work for 15-20 hours per week under the supervision of graduate students or postdoctoral fellows. The supervisors come to value the interns for a few reasons: not only are they getting some extra help with their research, but they are getting teaching experience in an informal but powerful way and supervising the interns' work over the summer. Another key part of the internship is bringing all of the interns together regularly. Whether it is for career talks, lab tours or field trip, high school students find kindred spirits in the group. Another important reason for weekly gatherings is to introduce the students to the wide field of Earth sciences and the different approaches and paths that scientists take. The summer ends with a culminating event where interns make short informal presentations about their research which give them an opportunity to articulate the big questions they have been helping to answer. Some interns are also invited to present a poster in a session for high school students at the Fall AGU meeting. These experiences of working in the laboratory and communicating about the research are part of the world of Earth sciences that are absent for most youth. The high school internships foster good will between Stanford and the local communities, help develop a more Earth and environmentally knowledgeable public and may have a long-term affect on diversifying the geosciences by exposing more young people to these fields.

  3. Alpbach Summer School - a unique learning experience

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kern, K.; Aulinas, J.; Clifford, D.; Krejci, D.; Topham, R.

    2011-12-01

    The Alpbach Summer School is a ten-day program that provides a unique opportunity for young european science and engineering students, both undergraduate and graduate, to learn how to approach the entire design process of a space mission. The theme of the 2010 Summer School was "New Space Missions to Understand Climate Change", a current, challenging, very broad and complex topic. The program was established more than 35 years ago and is organised in two interrelated parts: a series of lectures held by renowned experts in the field (in the case of this specific year, climate change and space engineering experts) that provides a technical and scientific background for the workshops that follow, the core of the Summer School. For the workshops the students are split into four international, interdisciplinary teams of about 15 students. In 2010 every team had to complete a number of tasks, four in total: (1) identify climate change research gaps and design a space mission that has not yet been flown or proposed, (2) define the science objectives and requirements of the mission, (3) design a spacecraft that meets the mission requirements, which includes spacecraft design and construction, payload definition, orbit calculations, but also the satellite launch, operation and mission costs and (4) write up a short mission proposal and present the results to an expert review panel. Achieving these tasks in only a few days in a multicultural, interdisciplinary team represents a major challenge for all participants and provides an excellent practical learning experience. Over the course of the program, students do not just learn facts about climate change and space engineering, but scientists also learn from engineers and engineers from scientists. The participants have to deepen their knowledge in an often unfamiliar field, develop organisational and team-work skills and work under pressure. Moreover, teams are supported by team and roving tutors and get the opportunity to

  4. C.I.M.E. Summer School

    CERN Document Server

    Behrend, Kai; Tarasov, Vitaly; Tian, Gang; Quantum Cohomology

    2002-01-01

    The book gathers the lectures given at the C.I.M.E. summer school "Quantum Cohomology" held in Cetraro (Italy) from June 30th to July 8th, 1997. The lectures and the subsequent updating cover a large spectrum of the subject on the field, from the algebro-geometric point of view, to the symplectic approach, including recent developments of string-branes theories and q-hypergeometric functions.

  5. Eleventh Modave Summer School in Mathematical Physics

    Science.gov (United States)

    The Modave Summer School in Mathematical Physics is organized by Belgian PhD students. The aim is to study tools useful for research in theoretical physics of fundamental interactions, generally supposed to be known but too seldom explained in details. The school consists of a series of courses (in English) delivered in an informal and relaxed atmosphere, encouraging the participants to interact with the speakers. The courses are aimed at young graduate students and therefore begin with the basics, are synthetic and overall self-contained.

  6. Fourteenth Exotic Beam Summer School EBSS 2015

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wiedenhoever, Ingo [Florida State Univ., Tallahassee, FL (United States). Dept. of Physics

    2016-07-11

    The Fourteenth Annual Exotic Beam Summer School EBSS 2015 was held August 2nd - August 7th, 2015, and belongs to the series of summer programs aimed at educating future workforce in nuclear physics-related areas, mostly about the challenges of radioactive ion beam physics. Through these schools the research community will be able to exploit fully the opportunities created by the exotic beam facilities. These facilities in the US include CARIBU at ANL, the NSCL and the future FRIB laboratory as well as smaller-scale university laboratories. The skill set needed by the future workforce is very diverse and a fundamental understanding of theoretical, technical, computational and applied fields are all important. Therefore, the Exotic Beam Summer Schools follow a unique approach, in which the students not only receive lectures but also participate in hands-on activities. The lectures covered broad topics in both the experimental and theoretical physics of nuclei far from stability as well as radioactive ions production and applications. The afternoons provided opportunities for "hands-on" projects with experimental equipment and techniques useful in FRIB research. Five activities were performed in groups of eight students, rotating through the activities over the five afternoons of the school. The center of the activities was an experiment at the FSU tandem accelerator, measuring the angular distribution and cross section of the 12C(d,p)13C transfer reaction, measured with a silicon telescope in a scattering chamber. The experimental data were analyzed by performing a DWBA calculation with the program DWUCK, and the resulting spectroscopic factors were compared to a shell model calculation. The other activities included target preparation, digital gamma-spectroscopy and modern neutron detection methods.

  7. Algebraic Geometry and Number Theory Summer School

    CERN Document Server

    Sarıoğlu, Celal; Soulé, Christophe; Zeytin, Ayberk

    2017-01-01

    This lecture notes volume presents significant contributions from the “Algebraic Geometry and Number Theory” Summer School, held at Galatasaray University, Istanbul, June 2-13, 2014. It addresses subjects ranging from Arakelov geometry and Iwasawa theory to classical projective geometry, birational geometry and equivariant cohomology. Its main aim is to introduce these contemporary research topics to graduate students who plan to specialize in the area of algebraic geometry and/or number theory. All contributions combine main concepts and techniques with motivating examples and illustrative problems for the covered subjects. Naturally, the book will also be of interest to researchers working in algebraic geometry, number theory and related fields.

  8. Participation in Summer School and High School Graduation in the Sun Valley High School District

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trujillo, Gabriel

    2012-01-01

    This study examines the effectiveness of a summer school credit recovery program in the Sun Valley High School District. Using logistic regression I assess the relationship between race, gender, course failure, school of origin and summer school participation for a sample of students that failed one or more classes in their first year of high…

  9. CERN SUMMER SCHOOL 2015 PROJECT REPORT

    CERN Document Server

    Jin, Zizhuo Tony

    2015-01-01

    The context of this internship is the CERN summer student program for the year 2015. As a member of the CERN summer school, I have been assigned, in addition to the classes I attended in the morning, a scientific project within the BE-ABP-HSC section. This work was done under the directions of Benoit Salvant and Nicolo Biancacci whom I thank greatly for their help, patience and teaching. The project consisted in observing the effects generated by the beam passing through various devices. We focused mainly on the electromagnetic waves generated by beams of particles travelling along two of the accelerator's devices: A wire scanner and the TDI (LHC injection beam stopper). These Simulations are of importance to estimate the effect of the beam onto the surrounding apparatus and ensuring both that the latter doesn't get damaged and that the beam doesn't lose too much energy. All the models and simulations were done using c CST STUDIO SUITE software developed by the c CST company.

  10. The Adaptive Optics Summer School Laboratory Activities

    CERN Document Server

    Ammons, S Mark; Armstrong, J D; Crossfield, Ian; Do, Tuan; Fitzgerald, Mike; Harrington, David; Hickenbotham, Adam; Hunter, Jennifer; Johnson, Jess; Johnson, Luke; Li, Kaccie; Lu, Jessica; Maness, Holly; Morzinski, Katie; Norton, Andrew; Putnam, Nicole; Roorda, Austin; Rossi, Ethan; Yelda, Sylvana

    2011-01-01

    Adaptive Optics (AO) is a new and rapidly expanding field of instrumentation, yet astronomers, vision scientists, and general AO practitioners are largely unfamiliar with the root technologies crucial to AO systems. The AO Summer School (AOSS), sponsored by the Center for Adaptive Optics, is a week-long course for training graduate students and postdoctoral researchers in the underlying theory, design, and use of AO systems. AOSS participants include astronomers who expect to utilize AO data, vision scientists who will use AO instruments to conduct research, opticians and engineers who design AO systems, and users of high-bandwidth laser communication systems. In this article we describe new AOSS laboratory sessions implemented in 2006-2009 for nearly 250 students. The activity goals include boosting familiarity with AO technologies, reinforcing knowledge of optical alignment techniques and the design of optical systems, and encouraging inquiry into critical scientific questions in vision science using AO sys...

  11. C.I.M.E. Summer School

    CERN Document Server

    Manetti, Marco

    2008-01-01

    Starting in the middle of the 80s, there has been a growing and fruitful interaction between algebraic geometry and certain areas of theoretical high-energy physics, especially the various versions of string theory. Physical heuristics have provided inspiration for new mathematical definitions (such as that of Gromov-Witten invariants) leading in turn to the solution of problems in enumerative geometry. Conversely, the availability of mathematically rigorous definitions and theorems has benefited the physics research by providing the required evidence in fields where experimental testing seems problematic. The aim of this volume, a result of the CIME Summer School held in Cetraro, Italy, in 2005, is to cover part of the most recent and interesting findings in this subject.

  12. C.I.M.E. Summer School

    CERN Document Server

    2007-01-01

    Stochastic Geometry is the mathematical discipline which studies mathematical models for random geometric structures, as they appear frequently in almost all natural sciences or technical fields. Although its roots can be traced back to the 18th century (the Buffon needle problem), the modern theory of random sets was founded by D. Kendall and G. Matheron in the early 1970's. Its rapid development was influenced by applications in Spatial Statistics and by its close connections to Integral Geometry. The volume "Stochastic Geometry" contains the lectures given at the CIME summer school in Martina Franca in September 1974. The four main lecturers covered the areas of Spatial Statistics, Random Points, Integral Geometry and Random Sets, they are complemented by two additional contributions on Random Mosaics and Crystallization Processes. The book presents an up-to-date description of important parts of Stochastic Geometry.

  13. Lancaster Summer School in Corpus Linguistics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaka Čibej

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Med 12. in 15. julijem je na Univerzi v Lancastru potekala poletna šola korpusnega jezikoslovja Lancaster Summer Schools in Corpus Linguistics and Other Digital Methods. Poletno šolo so organizirali UCREL (University Centre for Computer Corpus Research on Language, ERC (Evropski svet za raziskave – European Research Council, CASS (ESRC Centre for Corpus Approaches to Social Science in ESRC (Economic and Social Research Council, razdeljena pa je bila na šest programov, prilagojenih različnim področjem: Korpusno jezikoslovje za proučevanje jezikov (Corpus Linguistics for Language Studies, Korpusno jezikoslovje za družbene vede (Corpus Linguistics for Social Science, Korpusno jezikoslovje za humanistiko (Corpus Linguistics for Humanities, Statistika za korpusno jezikoslovje (Statistics for Corpus Linguistics, Geografski informacijski sistemi za digitalno humanistiko (Geographical Information Systems for the Digital Humanities in Korpusno podprta obdelava naravnih jezikov (Corpus-based Natural Language Processing.

  14. Second Multiflow Summer School on Turbulence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiménez, Javier

    2016-04-01

    Multiflow is a research program, funded by the European Research Council, whose goal is to improve our understanding of the multiscale dynamics of turbulence in fluids. Its second Summer School on Turbulence took place at the School of Aeronautics of the Technical University of Madrid from May 25 to June 26, 2015, with the goal of providing a meeting place for theoreticians, experimentalists and simulators, in which to develop and test new ideas on turbulence physics and structure. Around forty, mostly young, participants from twenty international groups met for five weeks of collaborative work, primarily using the computational data archived in the receiving institution but, in many cases, also contributing their own. Although the format included a few invited formal seminars and periodic plenary meetings, most of the work took place in small groups that, in many cases, changed their composition during the workshop. The papers in these proceedings reflect the results of the work of these groups which, in many cases, later continued in the form of new collaborations.

  15. A Innovative Engineering Summer School V2.0

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bennedsen, Jens; Larsen, Peter Gorm

    2010-01-01

    This article describes a summer school which focuses on a conceive-design project. The summer school has been run three times; each of the implementations is described. The last implementation (v2.0) is discussed and four challenges are identified and discussed in detail: assignments, the role...

  16. Spin Glasses : Statics and Dynamics : Summer School

    CERN Document Server

    Bovier, Anton

    2009-01-01

    Over the last decade, spin glass theory has turned from a fascinating part of t- oretical physics to a ?ourishing and rapidly growing subject of probability theory as well. These developments have been triggered to a large part by the mathem- ical understanding gained on the fascinating and previously mysterious “Parisi solution” of the Sherrington–Kirkpatrick mean ?eld model of spin glasses, due to the work of Guerra, Talagrand, and others. At the same time, new aspects and applications of the methods developed there have come up. The presentvolumecollects a number of reviewsaswellas shorterarticlesby lecturers at a summer school on spin glasses that was held in July 2007 in Paris. These articles range from pedagogical introductions to state of the art papers, covering the latest developments. In their whole, they give a nice overview on the current state of the ?eld from the mathematical side. The review by Bovier and Kurkova gives a concise introduction to mean ?eld models, starting with the Curie–...

  17. An Interactive Analytical Chemistry Summer Camp for Middle School Girls

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robbins, Mary E.; Schoenfisch, Mark H.

    2005-01-01

    A summer outreach program, which was implemented for the first time in the summer of 2004, that provided middle school girls with an opportunity to conduct college-level analytical chemistry experiments under the guidance of female graduate students is explained. The program proved beneficial to participants at each level.

  18. An Astrobiology Summer Program for High School Teachers and Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cola, J.; Williams, L. D.; Gaucher, E.; Snell, T.

    2010-12-01

    The Georgia Tech Center for Ribosomal Origins and Evolution, a center funded by the NASA Astrobiology Institute, developed an educational summer program titled, “Life on the Edge: Astrobiology.” The purpose of the program was to expose high school educators to the field of astrobiology and provide them with skills and classroom activities necessary to foster student interest in scientific discovery on Earth and throughout the universe. Astrobiology activities for a week-long summer enrichment program for high school students was developed by three high school educators, two undergraduate students and faculty in the Schools of Biology, and Chemistry and Biochemistry at Georgia Tech. Twenty-four high school students were introduced to hands-on activities and techniques such as gel electrophoresis, thin layer chromatography, and manual polymerase chain reaction. The impact of the astrobiology summer program on teachers and high school students will be discussed.

  19. Chinese Summer Schools Sell Quick Credits

    Science.gov (United States)

    McMurtrie, Beth; Farrar, Lara

    2013-01-01

    American-style summer programs in China, catering to Chinese-born students, have taken American universities by surprise. They are yet one more player in the complex and often opaque Chinese education industry, an industry in which American colleges are finding themselves increasingly entwined. These programs have become a booming enterprise,…

  20. de Cimitarra, Santander

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Augusto Benjumea Hoyos

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available La radiación solar y su disipación en forma de calor influyen directamente en la estratificación térmica de los cuerpos de agua. En la ciénaga de Cachimbero (Cimitarra, Santander, se estudiaron los balances térmicos y la ocurrencia del fenómeno de estratificación del cuerpo de agua y se evaluó la influencia que aquella ejerce sobre la distribución de oxígeno disuelto del agua en el sistema cenagoso. En el estudio se aplicó una metodología apropiada para identificar y caracterizar el fenómeno de estratificación térmica en ciénagas tropicales de aguas someras y oscuras. Para alcanzar estos objetivos se realizaron ocho (8 campañas de muestreo en las cuales se midieron: perfiles de temperatura del agua, temperatura ambiente, radiación solar con base en información climatológica, variables de calidad de agua (oxígeno disuelto, pH, potencial redox, conductividad, etc.. El pH, el potencial redox y la conductividad presentaron poca variabilidad frente a los procesos que controlan la evolución térmica del sistema. Desde diciembre de 2002 se inició la caracterización de las condiciones del sistema y las observaciones se desarrollaron hasta noviembre de 2004.

  1. West African International Summer School for Young Astronomers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strubbe, Linda E.; Okere, Bonaventure

    2016-10-01

    The West African International Summer School for Young Astronomers (WAISSYA) is a week-long program for university science students and teachers from West Africa to develop their interest in astronomy. The first summer school was held in Abuja, Nigeria, in 2013; the second Summer School was held in Nsukka, Nigeria, in July 2015. West Africa has a large number of students interested in science, but a paucity of facilities or interest from funding bodies in developing West African astronomy. Our broad goals for the WAISSYA program are: (1) to introduce West African students to astronomy; (2) to exchange ideas about teaching and learning in West Africa and abroad; and (3) to continue building a sustained astronomy partnership between West Africa and Canada. We now briefly describe three defining aspects of WAISSYA 2015.

  2. Summer School and Conference : Computations with Modular Forms

    CERN Document Server

    Wiese, Gabor

    2014-01-01

    This volume contains original research articles, survey articles and lecture notes related to the Computations with Modular Forms 2011 Summer School and Conference, held at the University of Heidelberg. A key theme of the Conference and Summer School was the interplay between theory, algorithms and experiment. The 14 papers offer readers both, instructional courses on the latest algorithms for computing modular and automorphic forms, as well as original research articles reporting on the latest developments in the field. The three Summer School lectures provide an introduction to modern algorithms together with some theoretical background for computations of and with modular forms, including computing cohomology of arithmetic groups, algebraic automorphic forms, and overconvergent modular symbols. The 11 Conference papers cover a wide range of themes related to computations with modular forms, including lattice methods for algebraic modular forms on classical groups, a generalization of the Maeda conjecture, ...

  3. 12th CERN-Fermilab Hadron Collider Physics Summer School

    CERN Document Server

    2017-01-01

    CERN and Fermilab are jointly offering a series of "Hadron Collider Physics Summer Schools", to prepare young researchers for these exciting times. The school has alternated between CERN and Fermilab, and will return to CERN for the twelfth edition, from 28th August to 6th September 2017. The CERN-Fermilab Hadron Collider Physics Summer School is an advanced school targeted particularly at young postdocs and senior PhD students working towards the completion of their thesis project, in both Experimental High Energy Physics (HEP) and phenomenology. Other schools, such as the CERN European School of High Energy Physics, may provide more appropriate training for students in experimental HEP who are still working towards their PhDs. Mark your calendar for 28 August - 6 September 2017, when CERN will welcome students to the twelfth CERN-Fermilab Hadron Collider Physics Summer School. The School will include nine days of lectures and discussions, and one free day in the middle of the period. Limited scholarship ...

  4. Peak into the Past - An Archaeo-Astronomy Summer School

    CERN Document Server

    Brown, D; Francis, R

    2010-01-01

    Our Landscape has been shaped by man throughout the millennia. It still contains many clues to how it was used in the past, giving us insights into ancient cultures and their everyday life. Our summer school uses Archaeology and Astronomy as a focus for effective out-of-classroom learning experiences. It demonstrates how a field trip can be used to its full potential and utilise ancient monuments as outdoor classrooms. We show how such a summer school can be embedded into the secondary curriculum, give advice and examples of activities and locations to visit, and outline the impact our work has had.

  5. Peak into the Past - An Archaeo-Astronomy Summer School

    OpenAIRE

    Brown, Daniel Stephen; Neale, N; Francis, R.

    2010-01-01

    Description:\\ud The delivery and impact of an archaeo-astronomy summer school for year 5-8 pupils,utilising local Peak District National Park monuments as an outdoor classroom.\\ud \\ud Abstract:\\ud Our landscape has been shaped by man throughout the millennia. It still contains many clues to how it was used in the past giving us insights into ancient cultures and their everyday life. Our summer school uses archaeology and astronomy as a focus for effective out-of-classroom learning experiences...

  6. An Electrical Engineering Summer Academy for Middle School and High School Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    LoPresti, Peter G.; Manikas, Theodore W.; Kohlbeck, Jeff G.

    2010-01-01

    An Electrical Engineering Summer Academy for Pre-College Students was held at the University of Tulsa, Tulsa, OK, during the summers of 2007 and 2008. The Academy participants included students having just completed 7th to 11th grade and teachers from middle school through high school. The students and teachers participated in team-building,…

  7. An Anglo-French Summer School for Elders.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shea, Peter; Tidmarsh, Mannes

    1981-01-01

    Reports on an international program involving a bilingual summer school program for the elderly. Curriculum topics included aspects of British and French cultural and social life, the role of grandparents, self-help, and health maintenance. Topics were taught via lecture/discussion, tourist visits, and physical/recreative activities. (CT)

  8. Misconceptions of Synthetic Biology: Lessons from an Interdisciplinary Summer School

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Verseux, Cyprien; G Acevedo-Rocha, Carlos; Chizzolini, Fabio

    2016-01-01

    In 2014, an international group of scholars from various fields analysed the "societal dimensions" of synthetic biology in an interdisciplinary summer school. Here, we report and discuss the biologists' observations on the general perception of synthetic biology by non-biologists who took part in...

  9. The Biotechnology Summer School: A Novel Teaching Initiative.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomas, Malcolm; Keirle, Kath; Griffith, Gareth; Hughes, Steve; Hart, Paul; Schollar, John

    2002-01-01

    Describes an interactive summer school teaching initiative in the United Kingdom that engages newly qualified secondary science teachers as mentors in the teaching of biotechnology. Highlights include course structure and format; opportunities for practical work; group work; peer assessment; course evaluation; and student attitudes. (Contains 52…

  10. 14. Euro summer school on exotic beams

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2007-07-01

    This school is intended for thesis students and young post-docs working in areas related to radioactive beams. It consists of several lecture courses given by specialists in their field, starting from a basic level. This document gathers only the slides of the following presentations: 1) clusters in nuclei, 2) the production of radioactive ion beams - in-flight methods, 3) ab-initio calculations for light nuclei, 4) the production of radioactive ion beams - ISOL methods, 5) neutrons for science, and 6) the production of radioactive ion beams - charge breeding.

  11. CERN-Fermilab Hadron Collider Physics Summer School

    CERN Multimedia

    2007-01-01

    Applications are now open for the 2nd CERN-Fermilab Hadron Collider Physics Summer School, which will take place at CERN from 6 to 15 June 2007. The school web site is http://cern.ch/hcpss with links to the academic program and application procedure. The application deadline is 9 March 2007. The results of the selection process will be announced shortly thereafter. The goal of the CERN-Fermilab Hadron Collider Physics Summer Schools is to offer students and young researchers in high energy physics a concentrated syllabus on the theory and experimental challenges of hadron collider physics. The first school in the series, held last summer at Fermilab, covered extensively the physics at the Tevatron collider experiments. The second school to be held at CERN, will focus on the technology and physics of the LHC experiments. Emphasis will be given on the first years of data-taking at the LHC and on the discovery potential of the programme. The series of lectures will be  supported by in-depth discussion sess...

  12. A SWOT Analysis for Organizing a Summer School: Case Study for Advanced Summer School in Analyzing Market Data 2013

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Radu Herman

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available The economics scholars agree that investment in education is a competitive advantage. After participating and graduating the “Advanced Summer School in Analyzing Market Data 2013”, the students will gain some formal competences is applied knowledge in Statistics with the IBM SPSS Statistics software. Studies show that the employers seek also practical competences in the undergraduate students, along with the theoretical knowledge. The article focuses on a SWOT analysis for organizing a Summer School in order to compose lists of strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats. The purpose of the “Advanced Summer School in Analyzing Market Data 2013“ is to train undergraduate students from social-human sciences to gain competences which are valued in the market and a certificate for attendance, to develop an appropriate training program which combines applied knowledge, statistics and IBM SPSS software and to create a „Summer School quality brand” with high-quality training programs for the Faculty of Administration and Business.

  13. A Multidisciplinary Engineering Summer School in an Industrial Setting

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Peter Gorm; Fernandes, Joao M.; Habel, Jacek

    2009-01-01

    Most university-level engineering studies produce technically skilled engineers. However, typically students face several difficulties when working in multidisciplinary teams when they initiate their industrial careers. In a globalised world, it becomes increasingly important that engineers...... are capable of collaborating across disciplinary boundaries and exhibit soft competencies, like communication, interpersonal and social skills, time planning, creativity, initiative, and reflection. To prepare a group of engineering and industrial design students to acquire those capabilities......, an international summer school that combined industrial design with different kinds of engineering disciplines was organised on the site of Bang & Olufsen (B&O) in Denmark. This multidisciplinary engineering summer school was attended by students from six European university-level teaching institutions...

  14. 2016 TSRC Summer School on Fundamental Science for Alternative Energy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Batista, Victor S. [Yale Univ., New Haven, CT (United States)

    2017-08-25

    The 2016 TSRC Summer School on Fundamental Science for Alternative Energy introduced principles, methods, and approaches relevant to the design of molecular transformations, energy transduction, and current applications for alternative energy. Energy and environment are likely to be key themes that will dominate the way science and engineering develop over the next few decades. Only an interdisciplinary approach with a team-taught structure as presented at the 2016 TSRC Summer School can be expected to succeed in the face of problems of such difficulty. The course inspired a new generation of 24 graduate students and 2 post-docs to continue work in the field, or at least to have something of an insider's point of view as the field develops in the next few decades.

  15. Los Alamos Space Weather Summer School: Institutional Computing 2016

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cowee, Misa [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)

    2017-01-02

    During the summer school, students carry out independent research projects on a range of topics related to space weather. In 2016, one students used the LANL Institutional Computing resources. Results of this project were the first to demonstrate the magnitude of the diffusion is found to agree well with the early observations of radiation belts, indicating this effect should be included in community models of the Earth’s radiation belts.

  16. The 2010 Polar Aeronomy and Radio Science (PARS) Summer School

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-30

    Auroral Research Program ( HAARP ) Research Station at Gakona, Alaska. The 2010 PARS Summer School, conducted over the period July 12 – 22, 2010...included a total of 21 students and 14 advisors or visiting scientists representing 12 universities. During the research period at the HAARP facility... HAARP , Stimulated Electromagnetic Emissions (SEE) 16. SECURITY CLASSIFICATION OF: 17. LIMITATION OF ABSTRACT 18. NUMBER OF PAGES 19a

  17. A Pilot Study of a Kindergarten Summer School Reading Program in High-Poverty Urban Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Denton, Carolyn A.; Solari, Emily J.; Ciancio, Dennis J.; Hecht, Steven A.; Swank, Paul R.

    2010-01-01

    This pilot study examined an implementation of a kindergarten summer school reading program in 4 high-poverty urban schools. The program targeted both basic reading skills and oral language development. Students were randomly assigned to a treatment group (n = 25) or a typical practice comparison group (n = 28) within each school; however,…

  18. 3rd CERN-Fermilab Hadron Collider Physics Summer School

    CERN Document Server

    2008-01-01

    August 12-22, 2008, Fermilab The school web site is http://cern.ch/hcpss with links to the academic programme and the application procedure. The APPLICATION DEADLINE IS 29 FEBRUARY 2008. The goal of the CERN-Fermilab Hadron Collider Physics Summer Schools is to offer students and young researchers in high-energy physics a concentrated syllabus on the theory and experimental challenges of hadron collider physics. The third session of the summer school will focus on exposing young post-docs and advanced graduate students to broader theories and real data beyond what they’ve learned at their home institutions. Experts from across the globe will lecture on the theoretical and experimental foundations of hadron collider physics, host parallel discussion sessions and answer students’ questions. This year’s school will also have a greater focus on physics beyond the Standard Model, as well as more time for questions at the end of each lecture. The 2008 School will be held at ...

  19. 2nd CERN-Fermilab Hadron Collider Physics Summer School

    CERN Multimedia

    2007-01-01

    June 6-15, 2007, CERN The school web site is http://cern.ch/hcpss with links to the academic programme and the application procedure. The APPLICATION DEADLINE IS 9 MARCH 2007 The results of the selection process will be announced shortly thereafter. The goal of the CERN-Fermilab Hadron Collider Physics Summer Schools is to offer students and young researchers in high energy physics a concentrated syllabus on the theory and experimental challenges of hadron collider physics. The first school in the series, held last summer at Fermilab, extensively covered the physics at the Tevatron collider experiments. The second school, to be held at CERN, will focus on the technology and physics of the LHC experiments. Emphasis will be placed on the first years of data-taking at the LHC and on the discovery potential of the programme. The series of lectures will be supported by in-depth discussion sessions and will include the theory and phenomenology of hadron collisions, discovery physics topics, detector and analysis t...

  20. CIM Academy Summer School: A Report of the Evaluation of the 1999 Summer School.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mitchell, Stephanie; King, Fredrick; Anderson, Gena

    Students in the Portland, Oregon, public schools who achieve the state standards for grade 10 receive a Certificate of Initial Mastery (CIM) to document their achievement. Students who do not meet the standards may continue to be tested throughout their high school years, but they may receive a diploma without achieving a CIM. To offer additional…

  1. SUPPORT FOR HU CFRT SUMMER HIGH SCHOOL FUSION WORKSHOP

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Punjabi, Alkesh

    2010-02-09

    Nine summer fusion science research workshops for minority and female high school students were conducted at the Hampton University Center for Fusion Research and Training from 1996 to 2005. Each workshop was of the duration of eight weeks. In all 35 high school students were mentored. The students presented 28 contributed papers at the annual meetings of the American Physical Society Division of Plasma Physics. These contributed papers were very well received by the plasma physics and fusion science research community. The students won a number of prestigious local, state, and national honors, awards, prizes, and scholarships. The notable among these are the two regional finalist positions in the 1999 Siemens-Westinghouse Science and Technology Competitions; 1st Place U.S. Army Award, 2006; 1st Place U.S. Naval Science Award, 2006; Yale Science and Engineering Association Best 11th Grade Project, 2006; Society of Physics Students Book Award, 2006; APS Corporate Minority Scholarship and others. This workshop program conducted by the HU CFRT has been an exemplary success, and served the minority and female students exceptionally fruitfully. The Summer High School Fusion Science Workshop is an immensely successful outreach activity conducted by the HU CFRT. In this workshop, we train, motivate, and provide high quality research experiences to young and talented high school scholars with emphasis on under-represented minorities and female students in fusion science and related areas. The purpose of this workshop is to expose minority and female students to the excitement of research in science at an early stage in their academic lives. It is our hope that this may lead the high school students to pursue higher education and careers in physical sciences, mathematics, and perhaps in fusion science. To our knowledge, this workshop is the first and only one to date, of fusion science for under-represented minorities and female high school students at an HBCU. The faculty

  2. SUPPORT FOR HU CFRT SUMMER HIGH SCHOOL FUSION WORKSHOP

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Punjabi, Alkesh

    2010-02-09

    Nine summer fusion science research workshops for minority and female high school students were conducted at the Hampton University Center for Fusion Research and Training from 1996 to 2005. Each workshop was of the duration of eight weeks. In all 35 high school students were mentored. The students presented 28 contributed papers at the annual meetings of the American Physical Society Division of Plasma Physics. These contributed papers were very well received by the plasma physics and fusion science research community. The students won a number of prestigious local, state, and national honors, awards, prizes, and scholarships. The notable among these are the two regional finalist positions in the 1999 Siemens-Westinghouse Science and Technology Competitions; 1st Place U.S. Army Award, 2006; 1st Place U.S. Naval Science Award, 2006; Yale Science and Engineering Association Best 11th Grade Project, 2006; Society of Physics Students Book Award, 2006; APS Corporate Minority Scholarship and others. This workshop program conducted by the HU CFRT has been an exemplary success, and served the minority and female students exceptionally fruitfully. The Summer High School Fusion Science Workshop is an immensely successful outreach activity conducted by the HU CFRT. In this workshop, we train, motivate, and provide high quality research experiences to young and talented high school scholars with emphasis on under-represented minorities and female students in fusion science and related areas. The purpose of this workshop is to expose minority and female students to the excitement of research in science at an early stage in their academic lives. It is our hope that this may lead the high school students to pursue higher education and careers in physical sciences, mathematics, and perhaps in fusion science. To our knowledge, this workshop is the first and only one to date, of fusion science for under-represented minorities and female high school students at an HBCU. The faculty

  3. SaferNanoDesign Summer School | 13-18 June

    CERN Multimedia

    2016-01-01

    A bioHC Summer School - 13-18 June 2016 - European Scientific Institute, Archamps, Haute-Savoie.   How can industrial innovation in nanotechnologies be reconciled with the legitimate concerns of citizens regarding environmental protection and public health? Tomorrow’s researchers and engineers will require skills in risk evaluation using computational methods of modelling and simulation relevant to nanomaterials. An intensive one-week specialist school, SaferNanoDesign will examine the analytical tools and methodologies required to rise to the challenge of the ecodesign of nanomaterial-enabled technology. The School combines an intensive programme of lecture presentations, followed up by practical sessions (experiments, computer simulation and modelling) and interdisciplinary group work. Courses will be given by international experts from France, Scotland, the US, the Netherlands and Switzerland and representatives from industry and regulatory bodies. For more information: www....

  4. International School of Physics "Enrico Fermi" : Summer Courses 2014

    CERN Document Server

    Betev, L; Grigoras, A; Course 192 : Grid and Cloud Computing : Concepts and Practical Applications

    2016-01-01

    The distributed computing infrastructure known as ‘the Grid’ has undoubtedly been one of the most successful science-oriented large- scale IT projects of the past 20 years. It is now a fully operational international entity, encompassing several hundred computing sites on all continents and giving access to hundreds of thousands of CPU (central processing unit) cores and hundreds of petabytes of storage, all connected by robust national and international scientific networks. It has evolved to become the main computational platform many scientific communities. This book presents lectures from the Enrico Fermi International School of Physics summer school Grid and Cloud computing: Concepts and Practical Applications, held in Varenna, Italy, in July 2014. The school aimed to cover the conceptual and practical aspects of both the Grid and Cloud computing. The proceedings included here are divided into eight chapters, with chapters 1, 2, 3 and 8 covering general applications of Grid and Cloud computing in var...

  5. CERN-Fermilab summer school is smash hit

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    A new joint CERN-Fermilab summer school is proving more popular than the organizers ever imagined. Interest in the first CERN-Fermilab Hadron Collider Physics Summer School, to be held at Fermilab on 9-18 August, has proved far greater than anyone anticipated, with 300 applications for the planned 100 places. In response, the Organizing Committee, led by Fermilab's Jeffrey Appel and Bogdan Dobrescu, has had to increase the class size to nearly 150 participants. 'The success of this initiative, with an unexpectedly large number of applications, shows both the great anticipation that exists in the world for the start up of the LHC, and the need for greater educational support to enable the hundreds of young researchers to get ready for a full and prompt exploitation of the LHC data,' explains CERN's Michelangelo Mangano, who is a member of the International Advisory Committee (IAC) for the school. 'Fulfilling the expectations of the students will be a great challenge, which we are all eager to tackle.' Fabiol...

  6. International Summer School on Mathematical Systems Theory and Economics

    CERN Document Server

    Szegö, G

    1969-01-01

    The International Summer School on Mathematical Systems Theory and Economics was held at the Villa Monastero in Varenna, Italy, from June 1 through June 12, 1967. The objective of this Summer School was to review the state of the art and the prospects for the application of the mathematical theory of systems to the study and the solution of economic problems. Particular emphasis was given to the use of the mathematical theory of control for the solution of problems in economics. It was felt that the publication of a volume collecting most of the lectures given at the school would show the current status of the application of these methods. The papers are organized into four sections arranged into two volumes: basic theories and optimal control of economic systems which appear in the first volume, and special mathematical problems and special applications which are contained in the second volume. Within each section the papers follow in alphabetical order by author. The seven papers on basic theories are a rat...

  7. Building expertise in glaciology through intense international summer schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hock, R.

    2016-12-01

    As the field of glaciology grows in response to recent rapid glacier changes and their potential socio-environmental consequences, the need for well-trained scientists possessing a high level expertise in physical glaciology has increased. Opportunities necessary to cultivate these efforts have not kept pace with the need for increased proficiency in this field. To our knowledge there is no academic degree in glaciology anywhere, but glaciology education, if offered at all, is generally restricted to one or a few individual classes. Glaciology graduate students tend to come from a wide range of background education and often pursue their degree at institutes without any glaciology classes. To cater to this demand we have organized four intense 11-day International Summer Schools in Glaciology which have provided an opportunity for a total of 119 students from around the world to obtain a comprehensive insight into a wide range of topics in glaciology and a more holistic view beyond the scope of their graduate thesis topic. The summer schools were held bi-annually (2010 - 2016) in the tiny village of McCarthy in central Alaska in the immediate vicinity of easily accessible glaciers. The unique setting facilitated close interaction among all participants. The courses included daily lectures, computational exercises, a poster-session and two glacier excursions. In addition, students worked in small teams on a glaciology computer project mentored by one of the 7-9 instructors from several US and foreign institutions, and presented their results in a `mini' student conference at the end of the course. All instructors were required to stay for the entire period. Thus the courses provided a valuable platform for international networking between students and instructors and among the students themselves, thereby fostering future collaborations. This was generally perceived as a major asset of our summer schools.

  8. CIMPA Summer School on Arithmetic and Geometry Around Hypergeometric Functions

    CERN Document Server

    Uludağ, A; Yoshida, Masaaki; Arithmetic and Geometry Around Hypergeometric Functions

    2007-01-01

    This volume comprises the Lecture Notes of the CIMPA Summer School "Arithmetic and Geometry around Hypergeometric Functions" held at Galatasaray University, Istanbul in 2005. It contains lecture notes, a survey article, research articles, and the results of a problem session. Key topics are moduli spaces of points on P1 and Picard-Terada-Deligne-Mostow theory, moduli spaces of K3 surfaces, complex hyperbolic geometry, ball quotients, GKZ hypergeometric structures, Hilbert and Picard modular surfaces, uniformizations of complex orbifolds, algebraicity of values of Schwartz triangle functions, and Thakur's hypergeometric function. The book provides a background, gives detailed expositions and indicates new research directions. It is directed to postgraduate students and researchers.

  9. 2015 Los Alamos Space Weather Summer School Research Reports

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cowee, Misa [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Chen, Yuxi [Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States); Desai, Ravindra [Univ. College London, Bloomsbury (United Kingdom); Hassan, Ehab [Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX (United States); Kalmoni, Nadine [Univ. College London, Bloomsbury (United Kingdom); Lin, Dong [Virginia Polytechnic Inst. and State Univ. (Virginia Tech), Blacksburg, VA (United States); Depascuale, Sebastian [Univ. of Iowa, Iowa City, IA (United States); Hughes, Randall Scott [Univ. of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA (United States); Zhou, Hong [Univ. of Colorado, Boulder, CO (United States)

    2015-11-24

    The fifth Los Alamos Space Weather Summer School was held June 1st - July 24th, 2015, at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). With renewed support from the Institute of Geophysics, Planetary Physics, and Signatures (IGPPS) and additional support from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and the Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Science, we hosted a new class of five students from various U.S. and foreign research institutions. The summer school curriculum includes a series of structured lectures as well as mentored research and practicum opportunities. Lecture topics including general and specialized topics in the field of space weather were given by a number of researchers affiliated with LANL. Students were given the opportunity to engage in research projects through a mentored practicum experience. Each student works with one or more LANL-affiliated mentors to execute a collaborative research project, typically linked with a larger ongoing research effort at LANL and/or the student’s PhD thesis research. This model provides a valuable learning experience for the student while developing the opportunity for future collaboration. This report includes a summary of the research efforts fostered and facilitated by the Space Weather Summer School. These reports should be viewed as work-in-progress as the short session typically only offers sufficient time for preliminary results. At the close of the summer school session, students present a summary of their research efforts. Titles of the papers included in this report are as follows: Full particle-in-cell (PIC) simulation of whistler wave generation, Hybrid simulations of the right-hand ion cyclotron anisotropy instability in a sub-Alfvénic plasma flow, A statistical ensemble for solar wind measurements, Observations and models of substorm injection dispersion patterns, Heavy ion effects on Kelvin-Helmholtz instability: hybrid study, Simulating plasmaspheric electron densities with a two

  10. 7th International Summer School on Aggregation Operators

    CERN Document Server

    Fernandez, Javier; Mesiar, Radko; Calvo, Tomasa

    2013-01-01

    This volume collects the extended abstracts of 45 contributions of participants to the Seventh International Summer School on Aggregation Operators (AGOP 2013), held at Pamplona in July, 16-20, 2013. These contributions cover a very broad range, from the purely theoretical ones to those with a more applied focus. Moreover, the summaries of the plenary talks and tutorials given at the same workshop are included. Together they provide a good overview of recent trends in research in aggregation functions which can be of interest to both researchers in Physics or Mathematics working on the theoretical basis of aggregation functions, and to engineers who require them for applications.

  11. 2nd International Summer School in High Energy Physics

    CERN Document Server

    Pak, N K; Serin, M; The Standard Model and Beyond

    2008-01-01

    This volume collects the edited tutorial lectures given at The Second International Summer School in High Energy Physics in Mgla, Turkey, in September 2006 - an annual event with international participation and a special focus on work done in the regions of central Asia. With emphasis on the standard model and beyond, lectures were devoted to presenting an introduction and update to many of the relevant topics, such as chiral perturbation theory, the Higgs mechanism, heavy flavour and b physics, CP violation, the AdS/CFT correspondence, ideas on grand unification and neutrino physics and astrophysics

  12. Evaluation to Improve a High School Summer Science Outreach Program

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katherine Bakshian Chiappinelli

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available The goal of the Young Scientist Program (YSP at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis (WUSM is to broaden science literacy and recruit talent for the scientific future. In particular, YSP seeks to expose underrepresented minority high school students from St. Louis public schools (SLPS to a wide variety of careers in the sciences. The centerpiece of YSP, the Summer Focus Program (SFP, is a nine-week, intensive research experience for competitively chosen rising high school seniors (Scholars. Scholars are paired with volunteer graduate student, medical student, or postdoctoral fellow mentors who are active members of the practicing scientific community and serve as guides and exemplars of scientific careers. The SFP seeks to increase the number of underrepresented minority students pursuing STEM undergraduate degrees by making the Scholars more comfortable with science and science literacy. The data presented here provide results of the objective, quick, and simple methods developed by YSP to assess the efficacy of the SFP from 2006 to 2013. We demonstrate that the SFP successfully used formative evaluation to continuously improve the various activities within the SFP over the course of several years and in turn enhance student experiences within the SFP. Additionally we show that the SFP effectively broadened confidence in science literacy among participating high school students and successfully graduated a high percentage of students who went on to pursue science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM majors at the undergraduate level.

  13. Santander

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José María Vargas Vila

    1965-05-01

    Full Text Available Fue de los fundadores. Eran los hombres de nuestra independencia almas trágicas y corazones bravíos. Nacieron a la lucha con la austeridad primitiva y feroz del medio en que vivian. Sus pasiones eran ásperas y fuertes como los árboles de nuestras montañas, a cuya sombra contemplando el cielo sintieron las nostalgias de la libertad y el anhelo de la lucha.

  14. VI European Summer School on Experimental Nuclear Astrophysics

    Science.gov (United States)

    The European Summer School on Experimental Nuclear Astrophysics has reached the sixth edition, marking the tenth year's anniversary. The spirit of the school is to provide a very important occasion for a deep education of young researchers about the main topics of experimental nuclear astrophysics. Moreover, it should be regarded as a forum for the discussion of the last-decade research activity. Lectures are focused on various aspects of primordial and stellar nucleosynthesis, including novel experimental approaches and detectors, indirect methods and radioactive ion beams. Moreover, in order to give a wide educational offer, some lectures cover complementary subjects of nuclear astrophysics such as gamma ray astronomy, neutron-induced reactions, short-lived radionuclides, weak interaction and cutting-edge facilities used to investigate nuclear reactions of interest for astrophysics. Large room is also given to young researcher oral contributions. Traditionally, particular attention is devoted to the participation of students from less-favoured countries, especially from the southern coast of the Mediterranean Sea. The school is organised by the Catania Nuclear Astrophysics research group with the collaboration of Dipartimento di Fisica e Astromomia - Università di Catania and Laboratori Nazionali del Sud - Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare.

  15. 100th Les Houches Summer School : Post-Planck Cosmology

    CERN Document Server

    Peter, Patrick; Wandelt, Benjamin; Zaldarriaga, Matías; Cugliandolo, Leticia F

    2015-01-01

    This book is based on lectures given at the 100th Les Houches Summer School and presents a comprehensive pedagogical survey of the frontiers of theoretical and observational cosmology just after the release of the first cosmological results from the Planck mission. The cosmic microwave background is discussed as a possible window on the still-unknown laws of physics at very high energy and as a backlight for studying the late-time universe. Other chapters highlight connections of fundamental physics with other areas of cosmology and astrophysics, the successes and fundamental puzzles of the inflationary paradigm of the beginning of the universe, the cosmological constant problem, the themes of dark energy and dark matter, and the theoretical developments and observational probes that will shed light on these cosmic conundrums in the years to come.

  16. Proceedings of the summer school on physics with neutrinos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Locher, M.P. [ed.

    1996-11-01

    The Summer School on physics with neutrinos concentrated on a particularly rewarding topic on the intersection between particle and astrophysics. Although the neutrino has been postulated as early as 1930 in the famous letter by Pauli the intriguing particle poses challenging problems to the present day. The speakers did not spare any effort in creating an atmosphere of stimulating scientific exchange. The participating young and old enjoyed the presence of Jack Steinberger who presented a talk on the history of the neutrino and contributed in many other ways to the meeting. Apart from the lectures and seminars that are mostly reflected in these proceedings there were also a number of extra seminars on topics ranging from special nuclear reactions to the extinction of life in the universe, adding to the breadth of the presentations. (author) figs., tabs., refs.

  17. Oxford Summer School "Intelligent Front-End Signal Processing for Frontier Exploitation in Research and Industry"

    CERN Document Server

    2013-01-01

    Interdisciplinary Summer School on Intelligent Front-End Signal Processing for Frontier Exploitation in Research and Industry. For details about the school programme and registration, please visit: http://www.physics.ox.ac.uk/INFIERI2013/

  18. Summer Reading Remediation for Incoming Pupils 1975; High School Umbrella Number 2, School Year 1975.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Toledo, Victor

    The Elementary Secondary Education Act Title I program, Summer Reading Remediation for Incoming Pupils 1975, had two goals: to improve reading skills by supplying an intensive program of remediation in reading and to orient incoming students to their new school environment and its staff. Participating in the program were 2807 ninth and tenth grade…

  19. LEARNING GEOMATICS FOR RESTORATION: ICOMOS SUMMER SCHOOL IN OSSOLA VALLEY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. Achille

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Documentation and preservation of widespread rural heritage are today possible only if you can activate processes of conservation headed by local communities, thereby recognizing the link between the communities and their culture. The cultural heritage places (villages, sites and landscapes can take different values; action is needed respecting the right of communities to identify the values contained in them. ‘Collaborative networks should be set up at different levels among multiple stakeholders in order to address issues related to heritage and create new value chains through innovative synergies. Dynamic, flexible, inclusive and integrated processes of engagement need to be employed for assessing long-term social impacts of heritage conservation programmes’ (Icomos, 2014. In 2011 the 3DSurvey Group of the Politecnico di Milano in collaboration with the Canova Association initiated an annual summer school program entitled ‘Laboratory of Places 2017, Ghesc and surroundings, History, survey, evolution Laboratory of Places'. The definition of “Laboratory of Places 2017, Ghesc and surroundings” links the idea of an inhabited space to an open space suitable for study, research, and an interactive absorption and confrontation of differing ideas. Founding elements of the project involve educational collaborations with university, but equally important will be the development of programs with local schools, associations, and public administration (Quaderni di Ghesc, 2010.

  20. Learning Geomatics for Restoration: Icomos Summer School in Ossola Valley

    Science.gov (United States)

    Achille, C.; Fassi, F.; Marquardt, K.; Cesprini, M.

    2017-05-01

    Documentation and preservation of widespread rural heritage are today possible only if you can activate processes of conservation headed by local communities, thereby recognizing the link between the communities and their culture. The cultural heritage places (villages, sites and landscapes) can take different values; action is needed respecting the right of communities to identify the values contained in them. `Collaborative networks should be set up at different levels among multiple stakeholders in order to address issues related to heritage and create new value chains through innovative synergies. Dynamic, flexible, inclusive and integrated processes of engagement need to be employed for assessing long-term social impacts of heritage conservation programmes' (Icomos, 2014). In 2011 the 3DSurvey Group of the Politecnico di Milano in collaboration with the Canova Association initiated an annual summer school program entitled `Laboratory of Places 2017, Ghesc and surroundings, History, survey, evolution Laboratory of Places'. The definition of "Laboratory of Places 2017, Ghesc and surroundings" links the idea of an inhabited space to an open space suitable for study, research, and an interactive absorption and confrontation of differing ideas. Founding elements of the project involve educational collaborations with university, but equally important will be the development of programs with local schools, associations, and public administration (Quaderni di Ghesc, 2010).

  1. Report of the Summer School of Pitch, Music & Associated Pathologies (Lyon, July 9-11, 2014)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    J. Pfeifer; R. Asano; V. Attina; M. d’Errico; N. El Boghdady; G. Estivalet; L. Grön; D. Guillemard; H.J. Kang; A. Luckmann; F. Mina; S. Tabibi; J. Viswanathan

    2014-01-01

    The summer school on Pitch, Music and Associated Pathologies was held for 2½ days, July 9-11, 2014, at the Valpré conference center in Lyon. Fifty-five researchers and students from universities and research institutions from 11 countries participated in it. The summer school was organized in 2 larg

  2. Community-Based Summer Learning Programs for School- Age Children: Research-to-Policy Resources

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stephens, Samuel A.

    2016-01-01

    Summer learning experiences for school-age children can be provided in a variety of ways and settings, including summer school programs (often remedial), community-based programs (often a continuation of afterschool programs), and home-based programs (in which families are provided with information and resources to encourage reading, often run by…

  3. A High School Intensive Summer Mandarin Course: Program Model and Learner Outcomes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Xiaoqiu; Padilla, Amado M.; Silva, Duarte; Masuda, Norman

    2012-01-01

    This article describes a STARTALK intensive summer high school Mandarin language and culture program that was conducted for three summers. Participants across the three years included 40 Mandarin Level II and 53 Mandarin Level III high school students. Quantitative and qualitative data are presented to show the effectiveness of the program.…

  4. Report of the Summer School of Pitch, Music & Associated Pathologies (Lyon, July 9-11, 2014)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pfeifer, J.; Asano, R.; Attina, V.; d’Errico, M.; El Boghdady, N.; Estivalet, G.; Grön, L.; Guillemard, D.; Kang, H.J.; Luckmann, A.; Mina, F.; Tabibi, S.; Viswanathan, J.

    2014-01-01

    The summer school on Pitch, Music and Associated Pathologies was held for 2½ days, July 9-11, 2014, at the Valpré conference center in Lyon. Fifty-five researchers and students from universities and research institutions from 11 countries participated in it. The summer school was organized in 2 larg

  5. Speech and language therapist-teacher collaboration in a literacy summer school.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drew, M F

    1998-01-01

    This paper describes the collaboration between a speech and language therapist and a special needs teacher to provide an intensive phonics-based programme of reading and spelling instruction in the context of a literacy summer school for students about to enter secondary school. The students' reading and spelling abilities were tested before and after the summer school. All the students benefited from the summer school in many ways. Various factors, such as innate language ability, attendance, completion of homework and age, appeared to contribute to the degree of improvement of individual students.

  6. REPORT OF THE 1961 SUMMER SCHOOL PROGRAM FOR CHILDREN OF MIGRANT PARENTS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    LEBARON, WALTER A.; RUEF, WERNER H.

    ALTHOUGH THERE WAS A DECREASE IN MIGRANT LABOR, THE NUMBER OF MIGRANT CHILDREN ATTENDING 6-WEEK SCHOOL PROGRAMS IN 1962 INCREASED OVER THE PREVIOUS YEAR. THE SUMMER SCHOOL CENTERS WERE SPONSORED BY THE PUBLIC SCHOOLS AND WERE REIMBURSED BY THE STATE. THE 1961 MIGRANT SCHOOLS WERE GUIDED BY A BASIC PHILOSOPHY WHICH STRESSED THE NEED FOR AN INTENSE…

  7. Alpbach Summer School 2010 - proposed missions to understand climate change

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krejci, D.; Aulinas, J.; Clifford, D.; Kern, K.; Romano, P.; Topham, R.; Weitnauer, C.

    2011-12-01

    The theme of the Alpbach Summer School 2010 was "New Space Missions to Understand Climate Change". At present, climate change studies face many uncertainties that need to be solved and quantified. The unprecedented effects and consequences of climate change on our planet are causing serious concerns amongst the scientific community, that witnesses the transformations our environment is suffering. In order to reduce them, Earth Observation from space is a really interesting and affordable alternative. A group of sixty young science and engineering students both undergraduate and graduate, dealt with the task of designing space missions aiming to better understand climate change. The participants were split into four teams which were encouraged to design innovative new missions, that could potentially help to increase our understanding on climate change by introducing new observation parameters, methods and technology. They were also encouraged to focus on different approaches so no scientific case was duplicated. The resulting proposals comprised a wide range of climate change topics: AVALON (Atmospheric water Vapour from an Active Limb-sounding Observing Network) a mission using a novel active limb-sounding instrument to measure water vapour in the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere; ERICC (Evolution and Radiative Impact of Contrail Cirrus) the first space mission dedicated to the study of contrails and their impact on climate change; VESTA a mission designed to derive data on CO2 emissions from biomass burning in the tropics and DROP (Dual Retrieval of Precipitation) a mission to improve the understanding of regional and global water cycles. This presentation will provide an introduction towards the four missions designed with the goal of contributing towards better understanding climate change and its causes. The scientific cases will be presented, as well as the engineering designs needed to meet these scientific requirements on a preliminary level

  8. Esclavos, libres y bogas en Santander, Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Doris Lamus Canavate

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available La intención de este artículo es mostrar la temprana presencia -en proporciones no comparables con las de otras regiones de Colombia-, de “negros bozales”, “mulatos” y “zambos”, hombres en su mayoría pero no exclusivamente, descendientes de antiguos africanos esclavizados, ubicados en las tierras altas, así como bogas, navegantes del río Magdalena, que también dejaron su huella en Santander. Forma parte de un proyecto de investigación concluido titulado Hacia la reconstrucción de los procesos organizativos del movimiento social afrodescendiente en Santander, Colombia.

  9. PREFACE: Second International Workshop & Summer School on Plasma Physics 2006

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benova, Evgeniya; Atanassov, Vladimir

    2007-04-01

    The Second International Workshop & Summer School on Plasma Physics (IWSSPP'06) organized by St. Kliment Ohridsky University of Sofia, The Union of the Physicists in Bulgaria, the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences and the Bulgarian Nuclear Society, was held in Kiten, Bulgaria, on the Black Sea Coast, from 3-9 July 2006. As with the first of these scientific meetings (IWSSPP'05 Journal of Physics: Conference Series 44 (2006)), its aim was to stimulate the creation and support of a new generation of young scientists for further development of plasma physics fundamentals and applications, as well as to ensure an interdisciplinary exchange of views and initiate possible collaborations by bringing together scientists from various branches of plasma physics. This volume of Journal of Physics: Conference Series includes 33 papers (invited lectures, contributed talks and posters) devoted to various branches of plasma physics, among them fusion plasma research, dc and microwave discharge modelling, transport phenomena in gas discharge plasmas, plasma diagnostics, cross sections and rate constants of elementary processes, material processing, plasma-chemistry and technology. Some of these papers were presented by internationally known and recognized specialists in their fields; others are MSc or PhD students' first steps in science. In both cases, we believe they will raise readers' interest. We would like to thank the members of both the International Advisory Committee and the Local Organizing Committee, the participants who sent their manuscripts and passed through the (sometimes heavy and troublesome) refereeing and editing procedure and our referees for their patience and considerable effort to improve the manuscripts. We greatly appreciate the financial support from the sponsors: the Department for Language Teaching and International Students at the University of Sofia and Natsionalna Elektricheska Kompania EAD. We would like to express our gratitude to the invited

  10. PREFACE: First International Workshop and Summer School on Plasma Physics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benova, Evgenia; Zhelyazkov, Ivan; Atanassov, Vladimir

    2006-07-01

    The First International Workshop and Summer School on Plasma Physics (IWSSPP'05) organized by The Faculty of Physics, University of Sofia and the Foundation `Theoretical and Computational Physics and Astrophysics' was dedicated to the World Year of Physics 2005 and held in Kiten, Bulgaria, on the Black Sea Coast, from 8--12 June 2005. The aim of the workshop was to bring together scientists from various branches of plasma physics in order to ensure an interdisciplinary exchange of views and initiate possible collaborations. Another important task was to stimulate the creation and support of a new generation of young scientists for the further development of plasma physics fundamentals and applications. This volume of Journal of Physics: Conference Series includes 31 papers (invited lectures, contributed talks and posters) devoted to various branches of plasma physics, among them fusion research, kinetics and transport phenomena in gas discharge plasmas, MHD waves and instabilities in the solar atmosphere, dc and microwave discharge modelling, plasma diagnostics, cross sections and rate constants of elementary processes, material processing, plasma-chemistry and technology. Some of them have been presented by internationally known and recognized specialists in their fields; others are Masters or PhD students' first steps in science. In both cases, we believe they will stimulate readers' interest. We would like to thank the members of both the International Advisory Committee and the Local Organizing Committee. We greatly appreciate the financial support from the sponsors: the Department for Language Teaching and International Students at Sofia University, Dr Ivan Bogorov Publishing house, and Artgraph2 Publishing house. We would like to express our gratitude to the invited lecturers who were willing to pay the participation fee. In this way, in addition to the intellectual support they provided by means of their excellent lectures, they also supported the school

  11. Nordic Summer School on Parallel Computing in Optimization

    CERN Document Server

    Pardalos, Panos; Storøy, Sverre

    1997-01-01

    During the last three decades, breakthroughs in computer technology have made a tremendous impact on optimization. In particular, parallel computing has made it possible to solve larger and computationally more difficult prob­ lems. This volume contains mainly lecture notes from a Nordic Summer School held at the Linkoping Institute of Technology, Sweden in August 1995. In order to make the book more complete, a few authors were invited to contribute chapters that were not part of the course on this first occasion. The purpose of this Nordic course in advanced studies was three-fold. One goal was to introduce the students to the new achievements in a new and very active field, bring them close to world leading researchers, and strengthen their competence in an area with internationally explosive rate of growth. A second goal was to strengthen the bonds between students from different Nordic countries, and to encourage collaboration and joint research ventures over the borders. In this respect, the course bui...

  12. Diophantine Analysis : Course Notes from a Summer School

    CERN Document Server

    2016-01-01

    This collection of course notes from a number theory summer school focus on aspects of Diophantine Analysis, addressed to Master and doctoral students as well as everyone who wants to learn the subject. The topics range from Baker’s method of bounding linear forms in logarithms (authored by Sanda Bujačić and Alan Filipin), metric diophantine approximation discussing in particular the yet unsolved Littlewood conjecture (by Simon Kristensen), Minkowski’s geometry of numbers and modern variations by Bombieri and Schmidt (Tapani Matala-aho), and a historical account of related number theory(ists) at the turn of the 19th Century (Nicola M.R. Oswald). Each of these notes serves as an essentially self-contained introduction to the topic. The reader gets a thorough impression of Diophantine Analysis by its central results, relevant applications and open problems. The notes are complemented with many references and an extensive register which makes it easy to navigate through the book.

  13. Report from the 2nd Summer School in Computational Biology organized by the Queen's University of Belfast

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frank Emmert-Streib

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we present a meeting report for the 2nd Summer School in Computational Biology organized by the Queen's University of Belfast. We describe the organization of the summer school, its underlying concept and student feedback we received after the completion of the summer school.

  14. GEOGRAPHY UNIVERSITY STUDENTS’ AWARENESS OF THEIR OWN LEARNING PROCESS DURING THE 2013 NEUBRANDENBURGURG INTERNATIONAL SUMMER SCHOOL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    OANA-RAMONA ILOVAN

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available We presented research on Romanian students’ educational process during an international interdisciplinary summer school that took place in 2013, in northern Germany, focusing on regions in transition. We questioned our 12 Romanian students about their expectations and needs of formation related to the summer school activities and we received their answers in the form of learning journals as part of their portfolios. We presented the results of our research as an answer to the question on the efficiency and benefit that summer school activities could bring to Geography university students’ education and we concluded that learning journals were efficient educational tools.

  15. Misconceptions of Synthetic Biology: Lessons from an Interdisciplinary Summer School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Verseux, Cyprien; Acevedo-Rocha, Carlos G.; Chizzolini, Fabio; Rothschild, Lynn J.

    2016-01-01

    In 2014, an international group of scholars from various fields analysed the "societal dimensions" of synthetic biology in an interdisciplinary summer school. Here, we report and discuss the biologists' observations on the general perception of synthetic biology by non-biologists who took part in this event. Most attendees mainly associated synthetic biology with contributions from the best-known public figures of the field, rarely mentioning other scientists. Media extrapolations of those contributions appeared to have created unrealistic expectations and irrelevant fears that were widely disconnected from the current research in synthetic biology. Another observation was that when debating developments in synthetic biology, semantics strongly mattered: depending on the terms used to present an application of synthetic biology, attendees reacted in radically different ways. For example, using the term "GMOs" (genetically modified organisms) rather than the term "genetic engineering" led to very different reactions. Stimulating debates also happened with participants having unanticipated points of view, for instance biocentrist ethicists who argued that engineered microbes should not be used for human purposes. Another communication challenge emerged from the connotations and inaccuracies surrounding the word "life", which impaired constructive debates, thus leading to misconceptions about the abilities of scientists to engineer or even create living organisms. Finally, it appeared that synthetic biologists tend to overestimate the knowledge of non-biologists, further affecting communication. The motivation and ability of synthetic biologists to communicate their work outside their research field needs to be fostered, notably towards policymakers who need a more accurate and technical understanding of the field to make informed decisions. Interdisciplinary events gathering scholars working in and around synthetic biology are an effective tool in addressing those

  16. PREFACE: Third International Workshop & Summer School on Plasma Physics 2008

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benova, E.; Dias, F. M.; Lebedev, Yu

    2010-01-01

    The Third International Workshop & Summer School on Plasma Physics (IWSSPP'08) organized by St Kliment Ohridsky University of Sofia, with co-organizers TCPA Foundation, Association EURATOM/IRNRE, The Union of the Physicists in Bulgaria, and the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences was held in Kiten, Bulgaria, at the Black Sea Coast, from 30 June to 5 July 2008. A Special Session on Plasmas for Environmental Issues was co-organised by the Institute of Plasmas and Nuclear Fusion, Lisbon, Portugal and the Laboratory of Plasmas and Energy Conversion, University of Toulouse, France. That puts the beginning of a series in Workshops on Plasmas for Environmental Issues, now as a satellite meeting of the European Physical Society Conference on Plasma Physics. As the previous issues of this scientific meeting (IWSSPP'05, J. Phys.: Conf. Series 44 (2006) and IWSSPP'06, J. Phys.: Conf. Series 63 (2007)), its aim was to stimulate the creation and support of a new generation of young scientists for further development of plasma physics fundamentals and applications, as well as to ensure an interdisciplinary exchange of views and initiate possible collaborations by bringing together scientists from various branches of plasma physics. This volume of Journal of Physics: Conference Series includes 38 papers (invited lectures, contributed talks and posters) devoted to various branches of plasma physics, among them fusion plasma and materials, dc and microwave discharge modelling, transport phenomena in gas discharge plasmas, plasma diagnostics, cross sections and rate constants of elementary processes, material processing, plasma-chemistry and technology. Some of them have been presented by internationally known and recognized specialists in their fields; others are MSc or PhD students' first steps in science. In both cases, we believe they will raise readers' interest. We would like to thank the members of both the International Advisory Committee and the Local Organizing Committee, the

  17. 76 FR 27305 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; the NIST Summer Institute for Middle School...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-11

    ... Summer Institute for Middle School Science Teachers (NIST Summer Institute) and the NIST Research Experience for Teachers (NIST RET) Application Requirements AGENCY: National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), Commerce. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Department of Commerce, as part of its...

  18. A Professional Development School--Sponsored Summer Program for At-Risk Secondary Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cuddapah, Jennifer L.; Masci, Frank J.; Smallwood, Jo Ellen; Holland, Jennifer

    2008-01-01

    The development and implementation of a Professional Development School (PDS)--sponsored summer program for at-risk secondary students is described. Literature related to PDSs and summer programs is followed by a presentation of data findings and analysis. Attendance and grade point average data gathered on the 17 participating rising ninth…

  19. Summary Report for the Radiation Detection for Nuclear Security Summer School 2012

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Runkle, Robert C.; Baciak, James E.; Stave, Jean A.

    2012-08-22

    The Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) hosted students from across the United States at the inaugural Radiation Detection for Nuclear Security Summer School from June 11 – 22, 2012. The summer school provided students with a unique understanding of nuclear security challenges faced in the field and exposed them to the technical foundations, analyses, and insight that will be required by future leaders in technology development and implementation. The course heavily emphasized laboratory and field demonstrations including direct measurements of special nuclear material. The first week of the summer school focused on the foundational knowledge required by technology practitioners; the second week focused on contemporary applications. Student evaluations and feedback from student advisors indicates that the summer school achieved its objectives of 1) exposing students to the range of nuclear security applications for which radiation detection is necessary, 2) articulating the relevance of student research into the broader context, and 3) exciting students about the possibility of future careers in nuclear security.

  20. A quantitative study of the summer slide in science of elementary school students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Donovan, Giovanna Guadagno

    Concerned parents and educators agree children learn best when the rhythm of instruction is continuous with practice and application of skills. Long summer breaks may interrupt the flow of formal school learning leading some students to forget previous instruction. A review of the previous school work is generally required in the fall upon return from the summer vacation. Investigating summer vacation and equity issues, Jamar (1994) noted that more affluent students may "return to school in the fall with a considerable educational advantage over their less advantaged peers as a result of either additional school-related learning, or lower levels of forgetting, over the summer months (p. 1)". The population of 402 fifth grade students from a suburban New England school district participated in this study. The district administered the science subtest of the TerraNova 2 (TN2) assessment in late May 2007 (pre-test data) and in September 2007 (post-test data). These archived data, including gender and student socioeconomic status (SES) levels (as referenced by free or reduced lunch status), were analyzed for an ex-post facto causal comparison study to identify the phenomenon of summer slide in science of fifth graders enrolled in six elementary schools. The ANOVA statistical model was used calculating the repeated measures factor of time (pre/post summer vacation) on the science content area. Subsequent two-way ANOVAS, with one repeated-measures factor (time of testing) explored the existence of similar/different patterns by gender and by SES levels. Two questions guided this study. First, does the summer slide phenomenon exist in science education? Second, if the summer slide in science phenomenon exists in science education, then does SES impact it? Does the summer slide in science phenomenon differ between genders? Findings suggest that the summer slide phenomenon exists in science; SES and gender does not affect the overall science test scores. However, SES impacts

  1. Quantum Optics and Nanophotonics : Lecture Notes of the Les Houches Summer School : Session CI

    CERN Document Server

    Sandoghdar, Vahid; Treps, Nicolas; Cugliandolo, Leticia F

    2017-01-01

    Quantum Optics and Nanophotonics consists of the lecture notes of the Les Houches Summer School 101 held in August 2013. Some of the most eminent experts in this flourishing area of research have contributed chapters lying at the intersection of basic quantum science and advanced nanotechnology. The book is part of the renowned series of tutorial books that contain the lecture notes of all the Les Houches Summer Schools since the 1950's and cover the latest developments in physics and related fields.

  2. El regreso del general Santander en 1832

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miguel Aguilera

    1961-09-01

    Full Text Available Mediante las comodidades procuradas con los recursos de su patrimonio particular, el general Santander visitó los más importantes paises europeos, haciendo de ellos un prodigioso laboratorio experimental para consolidar sus ideas filosóficas, rectificar conceptos acerca del régimen administrativo de cada pueblo y someter a pauta las reacciones de la sensibilidad típica de su raza y de su medio.

  3. Optics at Universidad Industrial de Santander

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gualdron Gonzalez, Oscar; Lasprilla Alvarez, Maria del Carmen; Meneses, Jaime E.; Plata Gomez, Arturo; Salazar, L. R.; Salcedo, Jaime S.; Torres Moreno, Yezid M.

    1999-07-01

    This communication introduces the Optics and Signal Processing Group from Universidad Industrial de Santander at Bucaramanga, Colombia. First, a brief description of how the group was formed, its strategic importance and also some of its more important achievements are presented. Then, the main scientific domains where the group carries out its research are described and finally, some guidelines about future research work in the group are given.

  4. Everyday Electrical Engineering: A One-Week Summer Academy Course for High School Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mehrizi-Sani, A.

    2012-01-01

    A summer academy is held for grade 9-12 high school students at the University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada, every year. The academy, dubbed the Da Vinci Engineering Enrichment Program (DEEP), is a diverse program that aims to attract domestic and international high school students to engineering and sciences (and possibly recruit them). DEEP…

  5. P24 Plasma Physics Summer School 2012 Los Alamos National Laboratory Summer lecture series for students

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Intrator, Thomas P. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Bauer, Bruno [Univ Nevada, Reno; Fernandez, Juan C. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Daughton, William S. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Flippo, Kirk A. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Weber, Thomas [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Awe, Thomas J. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Kim, Yong Ho [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2012-09-07

    This report covers the 2012 LANL summer lecture series for students. The lectures were: (1) Tom Intrator, P24 LANL: Kick off, Introduction - What is a plasma; (2) Bruno Bauer, Univ. Nevada-Reno: Derivation of plasma fluid equations; (3) Juan Fernandez, P24 LANL Overview of research being done in p-24; (4) Tom Intrator, P24 LANL: Intro to dynamo, reconnection, shocks; (5) Bill Daughton X-CP6 LANL: Intro to computational particle in cell methods; (6) Kirk Flippo, P24 LANL: High energy density plasmas; (7) Thom Weber, P24 LANL: Energy crisis, fission, fusion, non carbon fuel cycles; (8) Tom Awe, Sandia National Laboratory: Magneto Inertial Fusion; and (9) Yongho Kim, P24 LANL: Industrial technologies.

  6. The VALDOC Summer School 2002 - New Ideas for transparency and public participation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Andersson, Kjell [Karinta-Konsult, Taeby (Sweden); Drottz Sjoeberg, Britt-Marie [Norwegian Univ. of Science and Technology (NTNU), Trondheim (Norway). Dept. of Psychology

    2003-10-01

    The VALDOC summer school had its first meeting in Borgholm, Sweden, in June 2002. The central theme for the weeklong meeting was 'Transparency and public participation for decision making'. The summer school represented an international and successful merging of academics (seniors and students) from various fields, decision-makers from authorities, business and politics, journalists and consultants. The summer school aimed at reviewing and discussing transparency in the decision process from a multitude of perspectives. Work on biotechnology, the precautionary principle, decision making in parliament, mass media and journalism, values in a complex society, emotions and risk perception are but a few examples. The RISCOM model was used as a basic guiding theoretical tool in the discussions of the presentations and the work shop cases. The paper focus on a) a description and evaluation of the summer school in 2002 and b) what ideas and developments could be covered in the next summer school, planned for 2004. The need, and program, for a continuous discussion on transparency and public participation issues will be outlined. It is suggested that such a discussion can be substantially advanced and refined in the future by the involvement of active decision makers in industrial areas, political and administrative bodies, scientific fields and public interest groups.

  7. CERN Summer School fosters more than good science

    CERN Multimedia

    Or Cohen

    An Israeli-Palestinian Party might sound a bit strange, as people are used to hear of Israel versus Palestine most of the time. That is one of the reasons we, a few Summer Students, decided to throw a joint party on Wednesday, August 22. We wanted to show that despite the disputes between our governments, when it comes down to the people, we can easily get along. In some sense, just like with food for example, our cultures are quite similar. This year, as before, Summer Students from all nationalities organized parties. The decision to organize our own party was taken during the Italian party. Besides showing that the reality is not what you see in the news, we wanted people in Europe to experience a different kind of party. With local music and food such as hummus, labane, pita bread and mahalabie for dessert that we made ourselves, the party was indeed different from all others. The party had more gimmicks such as writing all the signs in English from right to left, or a place where people could practice w...

  8. [The Summer School of the German Society for Orthopaedics and Traumatology - A Success Story].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Merschin, D; Mutschler, M; Stange, R; Kopschina, C; Schüttrumpf, J P; Doepfer, A K; Achatz, G; Niethard, M; Hoffmann, R; Kladny, B; Perl, M; Münzberg, M

    2016-10-01

    Background: It has been known for several years that orthopaedic and trauma clinics suffer from a shortage of young people, due to the substantial loss in attractiveness. The Youth Forum OU has been addressing this problem for many years, by initiating many projects such as the Summer School to counteract this trend. The purpose of this research is to evaluate the success of Summer Schools since 2009. Methods: The Youth Forum OU performed a survey in December 2014 to answer the research question on the basis of an internet-based poll of the student participants in all Summer Schools between 2009 and 2014. Following data cleansing, 121 students and former students were included in the survey. Results: Seventy-two completed questionnaires were collected and included in the evaluation. The survey included 40 % of Summer School participants, with a mean age of 27.3 years (SD ± 2.95); 50 % were female. Participation in the Summer School helped 50 % of the respondents to decide to start advanced study in orthopaedics and/or traumatology (OU). One third of these Summer School participants had already finished a university degree; 100 % are now residents in orthopaedics and/or traumatology. Regardless of prior plans, 87.2 % of participants are now residents in OU. Thirty-three are still students: 78.8 % have already decided to work in OU. The survey also served to identify the factors positively and negatively associated with OU. Unfavourable factors included the reputation of OU, and the difficulty of reconciling family and work. Favourable factors included surgical work and personal experience during university studies. Discussion: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the efforts of the Youth Forum OU, the German Society for Orthopaedics and Traumatology (DGOU) and the local hospitals lead to increased interest in OU. The answer to this question is positive. This is particularly true for those students who did not plan to become an orthopaedic or

  9. School year versus summer differences in child weight gain: a narrative review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baranowski, Tom; O'Connor, Teresia; Johnston, Craig; Hughes, Sheryl; Moreno, Jennette; Chen, Tzu-An; Meltzer, Lisa; Baranowski, Janice

    2014-02-01

    The causes of the current high prevalence of overweight and obesity among children are not clearly known. Schools have been implicated in the causal chain to high child obesity prevalence. Recent studies have compared school year versus summertime changes (herein called seasonal differences) in child adiposity or related phenomena. The most common seasonal pattern in six longitudinal descriptive studies was that overweight and obese children experienced accelerated gain in weight or some BMI indicator during the summer, whereas healthy weight children gained less or not at all. Four physical activity (PA) intervention studies demonstrated that school year fitness improvements were lost during the summer. One study showed that PA declined across the summer. Another study provided conflicting results of lower total energy expenditure in the summer, but no seasonal difference in total energy expenditure after adjusting for fat-free mass. This pattern of fairly rapid seasonal differences suggests that PA is the primary factor contributing to seasonal differences in weight or BMI, but the documented seasonal pattern in PA (i.e., higher in summer) does not support this relationship. Sleep duration has also been inversely related to child adiposity. Seasonal patterns in adiposity, PA, and sleep need to be clearly established separately for overweight and healthy weight children in further longitudinal research to provide a clear focus for national policy.

  10. USAF Summer Research Program - 1993 High School Apprenticeship Program Final Reports, Volume 12, Armstrong Laboratory

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-12-01

    Page No: 16- 1 Tullahoma High School Tullahoma, TN 37388-0000 Bowlby , Andrea Laboratory: PL/GP Mudge Way Vol-Page No: 13- 1 Bedford High School Bedford...Ingram Rd. San Antonio, TX 78238 Dr. John Taboada Mentor Final Report for: AFOSR Summer Research Program Armstrong Laboratory Sponsored by: Air Force...Photoelectric Aerosol Sensor (PAS) as well as with other methods for studies involving aerosols and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) (4-8). Dr. John

  11. Making Sense of Space: Distributed Spatial Sensemaking in a Middle School Summer Engineering Camp

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramey, Kay E.; Uttal, David H.

    2017-01-01

    Spatial thinking is important for success in engineering. However, little is known about "how" students learn and apply spatial skills, particularly in kindergarten to Grade 12 engineering learning. The present study investigated the role of spatial thinking in engineering learning at a middle school summer camp. Participants were 26…

  12. Adolescent Summer Care Arrangements and Risk for Obesity the Following School Year

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahoney, Joseph L.

    2011-01-01

    This longitudinal study identified common summer care arrangements for adolescents and examined whether those arrangements predicted risk for obesity (Body Mass Index (BMI) [greater than or equal to] 85th percentile for age and gender) the following school year. Participants were a nationally representative sample of 1766 adolescents ages 10-18…

  13. Connecting Out-of-School Learning to Home: Digital Postcards from Summer Camp

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zimmerman, Heather Toomey; Gamrat, Christopher; Hooper, Simon

    2014-01-01

    Parents and children are rapidly adopting mobile technologies, yet designs for mobile devices that serve a communication function to connect parents to children's out-of-school time activities are limited. As a result, our team designed the Digital Postcard Maker so that children attending summer camps can create digital photographs to send…

  14. Using Precision Teaching with Direct Instruction in a Summer School Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kubina, Richard M., Jr.; Commons, Michael Lamport; Heckard, Barbara

    2009-01-01

    This study examined the effects of a Direct Instruction (DI) reading program combined with Precision Teaching during a public school's summer program. Students received instruction from "Reading Mastery" programs for a six-week period. Students also practiced specific reading skills including letter-sound identification, sounding out…

  15. Adolescent Summer Care Arrangements and Risk for Obesity the Following School Year

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahoney, Joseph L.

    2011-01-01

    This longitudinal study identified common summer care arrangements for adolescents and examined whether those arrangements predicted risk for obesity (Body Mass Index (BMI) [greater than or equal to] 85th percentile for age and gender) the following school year. Participants were a nationally representative sample of 1766 adolescents ages 10-18…

  16. The Development, Implementation, and Evaluation of a Summer School for English Language Learners

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hur, Jung Won; Suh, Suhyun

    2010-01-01

    The purposes of this paper are to explain the development processes of an intensive summer program for English language learners and to discuss course improvement strategies based on the evaluation outcomes. This 60-hr partnership program between local schools and a university was developed to improve the language proficiency of increasing numbers…

  17. Teaching the Romanian Neighbors Hungarian: Language Ideologies and the Debrecen Summer School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kiss, Attila Gyula

    2016-01-01

    This article is a contribution to the hitherto scant literature on learning a historical minority language and on language ideologies in the context of a study abroad program in Hungary, Debrecen. I analyse the language ideologies of the decision makers in Hungary and in the Debrecen Summer School in relation to the teaching of Hungarian to the…

  18. Mothers' Perception and Practice in Their Childs' Out of School [Summer] Time: A Socioeconomic Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Milhomme, Marcy B.

    2014-01-01

    I set out to explore the question: How do middle-class, working-class and low-income mothers experience their children's out of school summer time? Using qualitative basic interpretive approach, study findings draw from interview data, journal entries and participant observations from a study completed with 22 mothers of varying socioeconomic…

  19. Summer School for the Handicapped: A Review of the Literature. Supplementary Report to "Special Education Mandates: A Preliminary Report."

    Science.gov (United States)

    Helmich, Edith

    This report analyzes the literature on the issues involved in providing summer school services to handicapped students (3-21 years old) in Illinois. Introductory sections examine the state legislative history regarding summer school and judicial decisions from across the country on the topic. A review of the literature is presented followed by…

  20. Registrations for EVE and School and Summer Camp

    CERN Multimedia

    Staff Association

    2017-01-01

    In the wake of the Open Day, held on Saturday, 4 March 2017 (see Echo No. 264), EVE and School launched into an enrolment campaign on 6, 7 and 8 March. Once again, this year, we registered a great number of applications, and most of the groups are now full. The Nursery is already full, including the groups for babies (4 months to 1 year old), walkers (1 to 2 years old), and 2- to 3-year-olds. Regarding the Kindergarten, which welcomes 2- to 3 year-old children enrolled for mornings, as well as 3- to 4-year-olds enrolled either for mornings or for full days, there are still places available in the morning groups. Finally, the School for children aged 4 to 6 (Primary 1 and 2) enrolled for mornings or for full days, will be composed of three classes of around twenty children in 2017–2018 (one class of P1 and two classes of P2). All of these classes are currently full. If you are interested in a place in the morning groups of the Kindergarten (2- to 4-year-olds), please contact us to enroll your c...

  1. CERN-Fermilab Hadron Collider Physics Summer School 2013 open for applications

    CERN Multimedia

    2013-01-01

    Mark your calendar for 28 August - 6 September 2013, when CERN will welcome students to the eighth CERN-Fermilab Hadron Collider Physics Summer School.   Experiments at hadron colliders will continue to provide our best tools for exploring physics at the TeV scale for some time. With the completion of the 7-8 TeV runs of the LHC, and the final results from the full Tevatron data sample becoming available, a new era in particle physics is beginning, heralded by the Higgs-like particle recently discovered at 125 GeV. To realize the full potential of these developments, CERN and Fermilab are jointly offering a series of "Hadron Collider Physics Summer Schools", to prepare young researchers for these exciting times. The school has alternated between CERN and Fermilab, and will return to CERN for the eighth edition, from 28 August to 6 September 2013. The CERN-Fermilab Hadron Collider Physics Summer School is an advanced school which particularly targets young postdocs in exper...

  2. Geological and geochemical reconnaissance in the central Santander Massif, Departments of Santander and Norte de Santander, Colombia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Evans, James George

    1976-01-01

    The central Santander Massif is composed of Precambrian Bucaramanga Gneiss and pre-Devonian Silgara Formation intruded by Mesozoic quartz diorite, quartz monzonite, and alaskite and Cretaceous or younger porphyry. Triassic (Bocas Formation), Jurassic (Jordan and Giron Formations).and Cretaceous (Tambor, Rosa Blanca, Paja, Tablazo, Simiti, La Luna, and Umir Formations) sedimentary rocks overlie the metamorphic rocks and are younger than most of the intrusions. A geological and geochemical reconnaissance of part of the central Santander Massif included the Vetas and California gold districts. At Vetas the gold is generally in brecciated aphanitic quartz and phyllonite. Dark-gray material in the ore may be graphite. The ore veins follow steep west-northwest- and north-northeast-striking fracture zones. No new gold deposits were found. Additional geochemical studies should concentrate on western Loma Pozo del Rey and on improvement of the gold extraction process. At California the gold is in pyritiferous quartz veins and quartz breccia. Ore containing black sooty material (graphite?) is highly radioactive. Some of the mineralization is post-Lower Cretaceous. Soil samples indicate that gold deposits lie under the thick blanket of soil on the ridges above the zone of mining. Three principal gold targets are outlined by gold and associated minerals in pan concentrates. The close relation of gold and copper anomalies suggests that copper may be useful as a pathfinder for gold elsewhere in the region. Based on occurrences of gold or high concentrations of pyrite or chalcopyrite in pan concentrates and on analytical data, eight potential gold targets are outlined in the central massif. Reconnaissance of the surrounding region is warranted.

  3. A multipurpose action for learning-teaching process: The Pigelleto's Summer School of Physics

    CERN Document Server

    Montalbano, Vera

    2014-01-01

    Since 2006, forty students from high school are selected to attend a full immersion summer school of physics in the Pigelleto Natural Reserve, on the south east side of Mount Amiata in the province of Siena. Topics are chosen so that students are involved in activities rarely pursued in high school, aspects and relationship with society are underlined and discussed. Our purpose is offering to really motivated students an opportunity of testing the scientific method, the laboratory experience in a stimulating context, by deepening an interesting and relevant topic in order to orienting them towards physics. Students are encouraged in cooperating in small groups in order to present and share the achieved results. Starting from the third edition of the school, the school became a training opportunity for younger teachers which are involved in programming and realization of selected activities. The laboratory activities with students are usually supervised by a young and an expert teacher in order to fix the corr...

  4. Support for the American Chemical Society's Summer Schools in Nuclear and Radiochemistry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mantica, Paul F. [Michigan State University

    2013-06-20

    The ACS Summer Schools in Nuclear and Radiochemistry were held at San Jose State University (SJSU) and Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL). The Summer Schools offer undergraduate students with U.S. citizenship an opportunity to complete coursework through ACS accredited chemistry degree programs at SJSU or the State University of New York at Stony Brook (SBU). The courses include lecture and laboratory work on the fundamentals and applications of nuclear and radiochemistry. The number of students participating at each site is limited to 12, and the low student-to-instructor ratio is needed due to the intense nature of the six-week program. To broaden the students’ perspectives on nuclear science, prominent research scientists active in nuclear and/or radiochemical research participate in a Guest Lecture Series. Symposia emphasizing environmental chemistry, nuclear medicine, and career opportunities are conducted as a part of the program.

  5. Lectures given at the C.I.M.E. Summer School

    CERN Document Server

    Frosali, Giovanni; Quantum Transport : Modelling, Analysis and Asymptotics

    2008-01-01

    The CIME Summer School held in Cetraro, Italy, in 2006 addressed researchers interested in the mathematical study of quantum transport models. In this volume, a result of the above mentioned Summer School, four leading specialists present different aspects of quantum transport modelling. Allaire introduces the periodic homogenization theory, with a particular emphasis on applications to the Schrödinger equation. Arnold focuses on several quantum evolution equations that are used for quantum semiconductor device simulations. Degond presents quantum hydrodynamic and diffusion models starting from the entropy minimization principle. Hou provides the state-of-the-art survey of the multiscale analysis, modelling and simulation of transport phenomena. The volume contains accurate expositions of the main aspects of quantum transport modelling and provides an excellent basis for researchers in this field.

  6. Modeling of Arctic Climate: Fairbanks-Barrow Top of the World Summer School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alexeev, V. A.; Walsh, J. E.; Sparrow, E. B.

    2009-04-01

    Arctic climate is the result of a complex interplay between the atmosphere, the ocean, sea ice and a terrestrial component in which freezing and thawing are critical to variations over a range of timescales. In view of the delicate balances between these components and their poorly documented sensitivities, it is not surprising that global climate models show the largest disagreement among themselves, and also the strongest greenhouse-induced changes, in the polar regions. Since changes in the Arctic may well have global implications, it is essential that Arctic climate simulations be enhanced in order to reduce the uncertainties in projections of climate change. Given the challenges and opportunities in Arctic modeling, the International Arctic Research Center's (IARC) 2008 summer school at the University of Alaska Fairbanks (UAF), was designed to bring the next generation of climate modelers to the Arctic. The two-week summer school brought together a group of 16 graduate students and young scientists, as well as specialists in Arctic climate and climate modeling, for two weeks, the first week in Fairbanks (May 27-31) and the second in Barrow (June 1-6). The young scientists gained a perspective on the key issues in Arctic climate from observational, diagnostic and modeling perspectives and received hands-on experience in the analysis of climate model output or in climate model experimentation at a level consistent with the students' expertise. The summer school consisted of background pedagogical lectures in the mornings, and mini-projects and informal discussions in the afternoons. The mini-projects have been performed in collaboration with lecturers, and utilized existing databases and available models. The second week was spent observing and experiencing Arctic research first-hand in Barrow, Alaska in coordination with the Barrow Arctic Sciences Consortium (BASC). The summer school and IARC are supported by the NSF, NOAA and JAMSTEC.

  7. Summary Report for the Radiation Detection for Nuclear Security Summer School 2014

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Runkle, Robert C.; Baciak, James E.; Woodring, Mitchell L.; Jenno, Diana M.

    2014-09-30

    Executive Summary The Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) hosted students from across the United States at the 3rd Radiation Detection for Nuclear Security Summer School from 16 – 27 June 2014. The summer school provided students with a unique understanding of nuclear security challenges faced in the field and exposed them to the technical foundations, analyses, and insight that will be required by future leaders in technology development and implementation. The course heavily emphasized laboratory and field demonstrations including direct measurements of special nuclear material. Student evaluations and feedback from student advisors indicates that the summer school achieved its objectives of 1) exposing students to the range of nuclear security applications for which radiation detection is necessary, 2) articulating the relevance of student research into the broader context, and 3) exciting students about the possibility of future careers in nuclear security. In fact, we are beginning to see previous students both enroll in graduate programs (former undergraduates) and complete internships at agencies like the National Nuclear Security Administration.

  8. Enhancing postgraduate learning and teaching: postgraduate summer school in dairy science.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Celi, Pietro; Gabai, Gianfranco; Morgante, Massimo; Gallo, Luigi

    2014-01-01

    Dairy science is a multidisciplinary area of scientific investigation and Ph.D. students aiming to do research in the field of animal and/or veterinary sciences must be aware of this. Ph.D. students often have vast spectra of research interests, and it is quite challenging to satisfy the expectation of all of them. The aim of this study was to establish an international Ph.D. training program based on research collaboration between the University of Sydney and the University of Padova. The core component of this program was a two-week Postgraduate Summer School in Dairy Science, which was held at the University of Padova, for Ph.D. students of both universities. Therefore, we designed a program that encompassed seminars, workshops, laboratory practical sessions, and farm visits. Participants were surveyed using a written questionnaire. Overall, participants have uniformly praised the Summer School calling it a rewarding and valuable learning experience. The Ph.D. Summer School in Dairy Science provided its participants a positive learning experience, provided them the opportunity to establish an international network, and facilitated the development of transferable skills.

  9. OECD - HRP Summer School on Light Water Reactor Structural Materials. August 26th - 30th, 2002

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-07-01

    In cooperation with the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA), the Halden Reactor Project organised a Summer School on Light Water Reactor Structural Materials in the period August 26 - 30, 2002. The summer school was primarily intended for people who wanted to become acquainted with materials-related subjects and issues without being experts. It is especially hoped that the summer school served to transfer knowledge to the ''young generation'' in the field of nuclear. Experts from Halden Project member organisations were solicited for the following programme: (1) Overview of The Nuclear Community and Current Issues, (2) Regulatory Framework for Ensuring Structural Integrity, (3) Non-Destructive Testing for Detection of Cracks, (4) Part I - Basics of Radiation and Radiation Damage, (5) Part II - Radiation Effects on Reactor Internal Materials, (6) Water Chemistry and Radiolysis Effects in LWRs, (7) PWR and Fast Breeder Reactor Internals, (8) PWR and Fast Breeder Reactor Internals, (9) Secondary Side Corrosion Cracking of PWR Steam Generator Tubes, (10) BWR Materials and Their Interaction with the Environment, (11) Radiation Damage in Reactor Pressure Vessels.

  10. Summary Report for the Radiation Detection for Nuclear Security Summer School 2014

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Runkle, Robert C. [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Baciak, James E. [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Woodring, Mitchell L. [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Jenno, Diana M. [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)

    2014-09-01

    Executive Summary The Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) hosted students from across the United States at the 3rd Radiation Detection for Nuclear Security Summer School from 16 – 27 June 2014. The summer school provided students with a unique understanding of nuclear security challenges faced in the field and exposed them to the technical foundations, analyses, and insight that will be required by future leaders in technology development and implementation. The course heavily emphasized laboratory and field demonstrations including direct measurements of special nuclear material. Student evaluations and feedback from student advisors indicates that the summer school achieved its objectives of 1) exposing students to the range of nuclear security applications for which radiation detection is necessary, 2) articulating the relevance of student research into the broader context, and 3) exciting students about the possibility of future careers in nuclear security. In fact, we are beginning to see previous students both enroll in graduate programs (former undergraduates) and complete internships at agencies like the National Nuclear Security Administration.

  11. For Information: CERN-Fermilab2006 Hadron Collider Physics Summer School

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    Applications are Now Open for the CERN-Fermilab2006 Hadron Collider Physics Summer School August 9-18, 2006 Please go to the school web site http://hcpss.fnal.gov/ and follow the links to the Application process. The APPLICATION DEADLINE IS APRIL 8, 2006. Successful applicants and support awards will be announced shortly thereafter. Also available on the web is the tentative academic program of the school. The main goal of the CERN-Fermilab Hadron Collider Physics Summer Schools is to offer students and young researchers a broad picture of both the theoretical and experimental aspects of hadron collider physics. The emphasis of the first school will be on the physics potential of the first years of data taking at the LHC, and on the experimental and theoretical tools needed to exploit that potential. A series of lectures and informal discussions will include an introduction to the theoretical and phenomenological framework of hadron collisions, and current theoretical models of frontier physics, as...

  12. 3rd CERN-Fermilab HadronCollider Physics Summer School

    CERN Multimedia

    EP Department

    2008-01-01

    August 12-22, 2008, Fermilab The school web site is http://cern.ch/hcpss with links to the academic programme and the application procedure. The APPLICATION DEADLINE IS 29 FEBRUARY 2008. The goal of the CERN-Fermilab Hadron Collider Physics Summer Schools is to offer students and young researchers in high-energy physics a concentrated syllabus on the theory and experimental challenges of hadron collider physics. The third session of the summer school will focus on exposing young post-docs and advanced graduate students to broader theories and real data beyond what they’ve learned at their home institutions. Experts from across the globe will lecture on the theoretical and experimental foundations of hadron collider physics, host parallel discussion sessions and answer students’ questions. This year’s school will also have a greater focus on physics beyond the Standard Model, as well as more time for questions at the end of each lecture. The 2008 School will be held at Fermilab. Further enquiries should ...

  13. Active and Cooperative Learning Paths in the Pigelleto's Summer School of Physics

    CERN Document Server

    Benedetti, Roberto; Montalbano, Vera; Porri, Antonella

    2012-01-01

    Since 2006, the Pigelleto's Summer School of Physics is an important appointment for orienting students toward physics. It is organized as a full immersion school on actual topics in physics or in fields rarely pursued in high school, i.e. quantum mechanics, new materials, energy resources. The students, usually forty, are engaged in many activities in laboratory and forced to become active participants. Furthermore, they are encouraged in cooperating in small groups in order to present and share the achieved results. In the last years, the school became a training opportunity for younger teachers which are involved in programming and realization of selected activities. The laboratory activities with students are usually supervised by a young and an expert teacher in order to fix the correct methodology.

  14. 2nd CERN-Fermilab Hadron Collider Physics Summer School, June 6-15, 2007, CERN

    CERN Multimedia

    2007-01-01

    The school web site is http://cern.ch/hcpss with links to the academic programme and the application procedure. The APPLICATION DEADLINE IS 9 MARCH 2007. The results of the selection process will be announced shortly thereafter. The goal of the CERN-Fermilab Hadron Collider Physics Summer Schools is to offer students and young researchers in high energy physics a concentrated syllabus on the theory and experimental challenges of hadron collider physics. The first school in the series, held last summer at Fermilab, covered extensively the physics at the Tevatron collider experiments. The second school, to be held at CERN, will focus on the technology and physics of the LHC experiments. Emphasis will be placed on the first years of data-taking at the LHC and on the discovery potential of the programme. The series of lectures will be supported by in-depth discussion sessions and will include the theory and phenomenology of hadron collisions, discovery physics topics, detector and analysis techniques and tools...

  15. A Summer at the University: A twenty five years experience with High School Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zamorano, Nelson

    2014-03-01

    After running a summer school for enthusiastic high school students for 25 years, we reached the point where three of my colleagues at the physics department, are exstudents from two physics courses offered (more than ten years ago) within our program. There are also graduates in some others Faculties in different universities. Here we would like to describe the evolution of this project since its beginning, with 60 students in an introductory physics class to the 3000 now attending (January 2014) the around 60 courses offered in almost all areas of knowledge, from theater to Biotechnology. Lately, as we became aware of the relevance of teaching sciences to young kids in elementary school, we started a winter section addressing this group of students. The courses are mainly a hands on experience. In this talk we will comment about our learning experience working on this kind of projects and our projections for the future. Partial travel support from Escuela de Verano.

  16. The University of Oklahoma College of Medicine summer medical program for high school students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larson, Jerome; Atkins, R Matthew; Tucker, Phebe; Monson, Angela; Corpening, Brian; Baker, Sherri

    2011-06-01

    To enhance diversity of applicants to University of Oklahoma College of Medicine, a Summer Medical Program for High School Students was started in 2009. This comprehensive pipeline program included sessions on applying to medical school, interaction with a panel of minority physicians and health care professionals role models, clinically oriented didactics taught by physician faculty, shadowing experiences in clinics and hospitals, and presentation of student research reports. Students' assessments in 2009 showed increased understanding of the medical school application process, the medical curriculum and the medical field, and an increase in students'likeliness to choose a medical career. Importance of long-term mentoring and follow-up with students to sustain their medical interests is discussed.

  17. School's out: what are urban children doing? The Summer Activity Study of Somerville Youth (SASSY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Goldberg Jeanne

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Research indicates that in the United States, children experience healthier BMI and fitness levels during school vs. summer, but research is limited. The primary goal of this pilot study was to assess where children spend their time during the months that school is not in session and to learn about the different types of activities they engage in within different care settings. A secondary goal of this pilot study was to learn what children eat during the summer months. Methods A nine-week summer study of 57 parents of second and third grade students was conducted in an economically, racial/ethnically and linguistically diverse US urban city. Weekly telephone interviews queried time and activities spent on/in 1 the main caregiver's care 2 someone else's care 3 vacation 4 and camp. Activities were categorised as sedentary, light, moderate, or vigorous (0-3 scale. For each child, a mean activity level was calculated and weighted for proportion of time spent in each care situation, yielding a weighted activity index. On the last phone call, parents answered questions about their child's diet over the summer. Two post-study focus groups were conducted to help interpret findings from the weekly activity interviews. Results The mean activity index was 1.05 ± 0.32 and differed between gender (p = 0.07, education (p = 0.08 and primary language spoken in the household (p = 0.01. Children who spent a greater percentage of time in parent care had on average a lower activity index (β = -0.004, p = 0.01 while children who spent a greater percentage of time in camp had a higher activity index (β = 0.004, p = 0.03. When stratified into type of camp, percentage of time spent in active camp was also positively associated with mean activity index (β = 0.005, p = Conclusions Summer activities and some dietary behaviours are influenced by situation of care and socio-demographic characteristics. In particular, children who spend a greater

  18. Summer school in the field of Space Technologies: A novel approach for teenage education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dolea, Paul; Vladut Dascal, Paul

    2014-05-01

    This paper presents the main practical aspects regarding the organization of a summer school in the field of Space Technologies and Radio Science. This one-week summer school is aimed for education of teenagers between 12 and 16 years. Currently, the summer school reached its third edition. During this educational activities some especially designed prototype equipments were used with the main purpose of educating adolescents towards a scientific career in the field of Space Technologies and Radio Science. The main equipments and associated experiments are presented as follows: 1. A teaching purpose radio telescope emphasizing the working principle of professional radio telescopes. The experiments were focused on scanning the sky for identifying the positions of geostationary satellites and the Sun. 2. A weather satellite reception equipment used for downloading real-time APT (Automatic Picture Transmission) weather data from NOAA (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration) weather satellite fleet. The visual images were used for emphasizing the clouds and cloud systems over Europe. 3. A prototype equipment for receiving electromagnetic waves in the field of VLF (Very Low Frequency) with the purpose of analyzing the electromagnetic radio frequency spectrum. The main emphasized phenomenons in the VLF band (3 kHz - 30 kHz) are related to radio transmitters, electrical discharges in the atmosphere (lightning) and the electromagnetic pollution. 4. An equipment designed for initiating teenagers in the field of radio communication. This equipment was used for transmission and reception of images and sound over a distance of few kilometers, by using high-gain directional antennas. 5. Other sets of experiments were undertaken with the main purpose of mapping the countryside area in which the experiments had taken place. For this activity GPS devices were used. This paper may be considered a practical guideline for those who want to attract young students towards a

  19. Impact of a Summer Mathematics and Technology Program for Middle School Girls

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wiest, Lynda R.

    This article discusses the impact of a 5-day residential summer mathematics and technology camp on middle school girls' attitudes and perceived abilities in mathematics and technology. The study sample included 121 Northern Nevada girls who participated in the program during its first 3 years of operation and 25 parents of these girls. Data-gathering measures - the Modified Fennema-Sherman Mathematics Attitude Scale, personal interviews, and participant and parent questionnaires - show that the camp had a strong positive impact on program participants. Key benefits of the program, as well as elements critical to the program s success, are categorized and discussed.

  20. Les Houches 2000 Summer School: Session 74: New Trends in Turbulence

    CERN Document Server

    Yaglom, A; David, F; New Trends in Turbulence

    2001-01-01

    This book is written for researchers as well as engineers in an industrial environment. Following a longstanding tradition of the Les Houches Summer Schools, all chapters are pedagogically presented and accessible for graduate students. The book treats 2D and 3D turbulence from the experimental, theoretical and computational points of view. The reader will find, for example, comprehensive accounts of fully developed turbulence experiments, simulating deterministically coherent vortices formation, and statistical prediction of industrial flows, and a very complete review of 2D turbulence. Fundamental concepts like topological fluid dynamics in MHD flows or finite-time singularities of the Burgers, Euler and Navier--Stokes equations complete the volume.

  1. Evaluating the Impact of a Summer Dropout Prevention Program for Incoming Freshmen Attending an Under-Resourced High School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vera, Elizabeth; Shriberg, David; Alves, Alison; de Oca, Jessie Montes; Reker, Kassandra; Roche, Meghan; Salgado, Manuel; Stegmaier, Jessica; Viellieu, Lindsay; Karahalios, Vicky; Knoll, Michael; Adams, Kristen; Diaz, Yahaira; Rau, Ellen

    2016-01-01

    Low high school completion rates are an ongoing challenge for educators. This study provides the results of an evaluation of a ninth-grade summer transition program offered at a large public school with a high freshman dropout rate. The evaluation consisted of preprogram and postprogram surveys and interviews with 64 incoming freshman…

  2. School's out: what are urban children doing? The Summer Activity Study of Somerville Youth (SASSY).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tovar, Alison; Lividini, Keith; Economos, Christina D; Folta, Sara; Goldberg, Jeanne; Must, Aviva

    2010-03-24

    Research indicates that in the United States, children experience healthier BMI and fitness levels during school vs. summer, but research is limited. The primary goal of this pilot study was to assess where children spend their time during the months that school is not in session and to learn about the different types of activities they engage in within different care settings. A secondary goal of this pilot study was to learn what children eat during the summer months. A nine-week summer study of 57 parents of second and third grade students was conducted in an economically, racial/ethnically and linguistically diverse US urban city. Weekly telephone interviews queried time and activities spent on/in 1) the main caregiver's care 2) someone else's care 3) vacation 4) and camp. Activities were categorised as sedentary, light, moderate, or vigorous (0-3 scale). For each child, a mean activity level was calculated and weighted for proportion of time spent in each care situation, yielding a weighted activity index. On the last phone call, parents answered questions about their child's diet over the summer. Two post-study focus groups were conducted to help interpret findings from the weekly activity interviews. The mean activity index was 1.05 +/- 0.32 and differed between gender (p = 0.07), education (p = 0.08) and primary language spoken in the household (p = 0.01). Children who spent a greater percentage of time in parent care had on average a lower activity index (beta = -0.004, p = 0.01) while children who spent a greater percentage of time in camp had a higher activity index (beta = 0.004, p = 0.03). When stratified into type of camp, percentage of time spent in active camp was also positively associated with mean activity index (beta = 0.005, p =times more likely to eat their meals in front of the TV often/almost all of the time (OR = 4.0, 95%CI 1.0-16.2, p time in structured environments appear to be more active. We believe that this pilot study is an important

  3. Topological Aspects of Condensed Matter Physics : Lecture Notes of the Les Houches Summer School : Session CIII

    CERN Document Server

    Chamon, Claudio; Goerbig, Mark O; Moessner, Roderich; Cugliandolo, Leticia F

    2017-01-01

    Topological condensed matter physics is a recent arrival among the disciplines of modern physics of a distinctive and substantive nature. Its roots reach far back, but much of its current importance derives from exciting developments in the last half-century. The field is advancing rapidly, growing explosively, and diversifying greatly. There is now a zoo of topological phenomena–the quantum spin Hall effect, topological insulators, Coulomb spin liquids, non-Abelian anyonic statistics and their potential application in topological quantum computing, to name but a few–as well as an increasingly sophisticated set of concepts and methods underpinning their understanding. The aim of this Les Houches Summer School was to present an overview of this field, along with a sense of its origins and its place on the map of advances in fundamental physics. The school comprised a set of basic lectures (Part I) aimed at a pedagogical introduction to the fundamental concepts, which was accompanied by more advanced lectur...

  4. "Innovation on big data for healthy living" | Summer School | 27 June - 6 July 2016

    CERN Multimedia

    2016-01-01

    IBD4Health explores advanced topics related to big data computing and analytics for health and wellbeing, with a focus on innovation and entrepreneurial awareness.     Innovation on big data for healthy living A bioHC Summer School 27 June - 6 July 2016  European Scientific Institute, Archamps, Haute-Savoie Through an interactive case study on obesity, participants will be invited to discover diverse data sources and on-going efforts to develop new tools for large-scale data processing, thus providing a path for in-depth analysis of different causal and contributory factors as a means to supporting the development of optimized interventions and public health approaches to tackle obesity. Participants will also be introduced to Creative Thinking and applied Design Thinking with the opportunity to present (pitch) their ideas in front of a panel of business experts. School faculty include academic and industrial experts from France, the Netherlands, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden and Swit...

  5. Lectures given at the Banach Center and C.I.M.E. Joint Summer School

    CERN Document Server

    Lachowicz, Mirosław

    2008-01-01

    The aim of this volume that presents Lectures given at a joint CIME and Banach Center Summer School, is to offer a broad presentation of a class of updated methods providing a mathematical framework for the development of a hierarchy of models of complex systems in the natural sciences, with a special attention to Biology and Medicine. Mastering complexity implies sharing different tools requiring much higher level of communication between different mathematical and scientific schools, for solving classes of problems of the same nature. Today more than ever, one of the most important challenges derives from the need to bridge parts of a system evolving at different time and space scales, especially with respect to computational affordability. As a result the content has a rather general character; the main role is played by stochastic processes, positive semigroups, asymptotic analysis, kinetic theory, continuum theory and game theory.

  6. Les Houches Summer School : Strongly Interacting Quantum Systems out of Equilibrium

    CERN Document Server

    Millis, Andrew J; Parcollet, Olivier; Saleur, Hubert; Cugliandolo, Leticia F

    2016-01-01

    Over the last decade new experimental tools and theoretical concepts are providing new insights into collective nonequilibrium behavior of quantum systems. The exquisite control provided by laser trapping and cooling techniques allows us to observe the behavior of condensed bose and degenerate Fermi gases under nonequilibrium drive or after quenches' in which a Hamiltonian parameter is suddenly or slowly changed. On the solid state front, high intensity short-time pulses and fast (femtosecond) probes allow solids to be put into highly excited states and probed before relaxation and dissipation occur. Experimental developments are matched by progress in theoretical techniques ranging from exact solutions of strongly interacting nonequilibrium models to new approaches to nonequilibrium numerics. The summer school Strongly interacting quantum systems out of equilibrium' held at the Les Houches School of Physics as its XCIX session was designed to summarize this progress, lay out the open questions and define dir...

  7. NASA Planetary Science Summer School: Preparing the Next Generation of Planetary Mission Leaders

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lowes, L. L.; Budney, C. J.; Sohus, A.; Wheeler, T.; Urban, A.; NASA Planetary Science Summer School Team

    2011-12-01

    Sponsored by NASA's Planetary Science Division, and managed by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, the Planetary Science Summer School prepares the next generation of engineers and scientists to participate in future solar system exploration missions. Participants learn the mission life cycle, roles of scientists and engineers in a mission environment, mission design interconnectedness and trade-offs, and the importance of teamwork. For this professional development opportunity, applicants are sought who have a strong interest and experience in careers in planetary exploration, and who are science and engineering post-docs, recent PhDs, and doctoral students, and faculty teaching such students. Disciplines include planetary science, geoscience, geophysics, environmental science, aerospace engineering, mechanical engineering, and materials science. Participants are selected through a competitive review process, with selections based on the strength of the application and advisor's recommendation letter. Under the mentorship of a lead engineer (Dr. Charles Budney), students select, design, and develop a mission concept in response to the NASA New Frontiers Announcement of Opportunity. They develop their mission in the JPL Advanced Projects Design Team (Team X) environment, which is a cross-functional multidisciplinary team of professional engineers that utilizes concurrent engineering methodologies to complete rapid design, analysis and evaluation of mission concept designs. About 36 students participate each year, divided into two summer sessions. In advance of an intensive week-long session in the Project Design Center at JPL, students select the mission and science goals during a series of six weekly WebEx/telecons, and develop a preliminary suite of instrumentation and a science traceability matrix. Students assume both a science team and a mission development role with JPL Team X mentors. Once at JPL, students participate in a series of Team X project design sessions

  8. Promoting Scientist Communications Through Graduate Summer School in Heliophysics and Space Physics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gross, N. A.; Schrijver, K.; Bagenal, F.; Sojka, J. J.; Wiltberger, M. J.

    2014-12-01

    edagogical tools that promote student interaction can be applied successfully during graduate workshops to enhance community and communication among the participants and instructors. The NASA/LWS funded Heliophysics Summer School and the NSF funded Space Weather Summer School provide graduate students starting research in the field, and others who are involved in space physics, an opportunity to learn from and interact with leaders in the field and each other. These interactions can happen casually, but there are a number of programatic aspects that foster the interaction so that they can be as fruitful as possible during the short period. These include: specific "ice-breaker" activities, practicing "elevator speeches", embedded lecture questions, question cards, discussion questions, interactive lab activities, structured lab groups, and use of social media. We are continuing to develop new ways to foster profession interaction during these short courses. Along with enhancing their own learning, the inclusion of these strategies provides both the participants and the instructors with models of good pedagogical tools and builds community among the students. Our specific implementation of these strategies and evidence of success will be presented.

  9. The Gatsby Plant Science Summer School: Inspiring the Next Generation of Plant Science Researchers[OA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Levesley, Aurora; Jopson, Juliet; Knight, Celia

    2012-01-01

    We provide evidence from a 5-year study to show that a single concerted effort at the start of undergraduate study can have a clear and lasting effect on the attitudes of students toward plant science. Attendance at a week-long residential plant science summer school in the first year of an undergraduate degree resulted in many students changing courses to include more plant science and increased numbers of graduates selecting plant-based PhDs. The evidence shows that the Gatsby Plant Science Summer School has increased the pool of high-quality plant science related PhD applicants in the UK and has had a positive impact on students’ career aspirations. The results are discussed within the context of enhancing the pipeline of future plant scientists and reversing the decline of this vulnerable and strategically important subject relevant to addressing food security and other major global challenges. We have shown that a single well-designed and timely intervention can influence future student behavior and as such offers a framework of potential use to other vulnerable disciplines. PMID:22534129

  10. The Gatsby Plant Science Summer School: inspiring the next generation of plant science researchers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Levesley, Aurora; Jopson, Juliet; Knight, Celia

    2012-04-01

    We provide evidence from a 5-year study to show that a single concerted effort at the start of undergraduate study can have a clear and lasting effect on the attitudes of students toward plant science. Attendance at a week-long residential plant science summer school in the first year of an undergraduate degree resulted in many students changing courses to include more plant science and increased numbers of graduates selecting plant-based PhDs. The evidence shows that the Gatsby Plant Science Summer School has increased the pool of high-quality plant science related PhD applicants in the UK and has had a positive impact on students' career aspirations. The results are discussed within the context of enhancing the pipeline of future plant scientists and reversing the decline of this vulnerable and strategically important subject relevant to addressing food security and other major global challenges. We have shown that a single well-designed and timely intervention can influence future student behavior and as such offers a framework of potential use to other vulnerable disciplines.

  11. FOREWORD: International Summer School for Advanced Studies 'Dynamics of open nuclear systems' (PREDEAL12)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Delion, D. S.; Zamfir, N. V.; Raduta, A. R.; Gulminelli, F.

    2013-02-01

    This proceedings volume contains the invited lectures and contributions presented at the International Summer School on Nuclear Physics held at Trei Brazi, a summer resort of the Bioterra University, near the city of Predeal, Romania, on 9-20 July 2012. The long tradition of International Summer Schools on Nuclear Physics in Romania dates as far back as 1964, with the event being scheduled every two years. During this period of almost 50 years, many outstanding nuclear scientists have lectured on various topics related to nuclear physics and particle physics. This year we celebrate the 80th birthday of Aureliu Sandulescu, one of the founders of the Romanian school of theoretical nuclear physics. He was Serban Titeica's PhD student, one of Werner Heisenberg's PhD students, and he organized the first edition of this event. Aureliu Sandulescu's major contributions to the field of theoretical nuclear physics are related in particular to the prediction of cluster radioactivity, the physics of open quantum systems and the innovative technique of detecting superheavy nuclei using the double magic projectile 48Ca (Calcium), nowadays a widely used method at the JINR—Dubna and GSI—Darmstadt laboratories. The title of the event, 'Dynamics of Open Nuclear Systems', is in recognition of Aureliu Sandulescu's great personality. The lectures were attended by Romanian and foreign Master and PhD students and young researchers in nuclear physics. About 25 reputable professors and researchers in nuclear physics delivered lectures during this period. According to a well-established tradition, an interval of two hours was allotted for each lecture (including discussions). Therefore we kept a balance between the school and conference format. Two lectures were held during the morning and afternoon sessions. After lecture sessions, three or four oral contributions were given by young scientists. This was a good opportunity for them to present the results of their research in front of

  12. Development of friendship network among young scientists in an international Summer School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yin, Haiping; Rong, Zhihai; Yan, Gang

    2009-09-01

    A total of 49 students, about half of them male, from various countries and 4 student helpers attended the 2008 China Complex Systems Summer School organized by the Santa Fe Institute and the Chinese Academy of Sciences held in Beijing. We studied the development of the social network among these participants during the school, which lasted for 4 weeks, by carrying out surveys at different times of the school. The students got to know each other through various activities, including being roommates, eating together everyday, attending lectures, doing group projects, sight-seeing visits, etc. The topological structures and various properties of the network are discussed. The results indicate how the participants became friends as time went by. By considering the correlations between reciprocal evaluations via the Pearson’s correlation coefficient, it is found that the ethnicity and gender are important factors in establishing personal relationships and in getting mutually consistent perceptions on the relationships. We also study the clique components and community structures in the networks.

  13. The Development and Assessment of Particle Physics Summer Program for High School Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prefontaine, Brean; Kurahashi Neilson, Naoko, , Dr.; Love, Christina, , Dr.

    2017-01-01

    A four week immersive summer program for high school students was developed and implemented to promote awareness of university level research. The program was completely directed by an undergraduate physics major and included a hands-on and student-led capstone project for the high school students. The goal was to create an adaptive and shareable curriculum in order to influence high school students' views of university level research and what it means to be a scientist. The program was assessed through various methods including a survey developed for this program, a scientific attitudes survey, weekly blog posts, and an oral exit interview. The curriculum included visits to local laboratories, an introduction to particle physics and the IceCube collaboration, an introduction to electronics and computer programming, and their capstone project: planning and building a scale model of the IceCube detector. At the conclusion of the program, the students participated an informal outreach event for the general public and gave an oral presentation to the Department of Physics at Drexel University. Assessment results and details concerning the curriculum and its development will be discussed.

  14. Mineral resources of the southern half of Zone III Santander, Norte de Santander and Boyaca, Colombia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ward, Dwight Edward; Goldsmith, Richard; Cruz, Bruna B.; Restrepo, Jaime; Hernan, A.

    1970-01-01

    The areas covered by this report lies in the eastern Cordillera of the Colombian Andes in the region around Bucaramanga. This part of the eastern Cordillera consists of a structurally complex core of metamorphic and igneous rocks of Precambrian to Mesozoic age, flanked to east and west by faulted and folded sedimentary strata of late Paleozoic to Tertiary age. Infaulted blocks of sedimentary rocks are locally present in the massif. Unconsolidated deposits of Quaternary age, primarily terraced alluvium, are 10cally extensive in valleys on the flanks of the range. The crystalline central core of the range is called the Santander massif. In it are located the principal sold deposits and scattered deposits of copper, lead, zinc, and fluorite. The sedimentary rocks flanking the massif contain significant deposits of phosphate rock and gypsum, as well as other nonmetallic industrial minerals such as limestone, barite, glass sand, and coal. A belt of lead-zinc prospects in carbonate and sandstone beds of Cretaceous age on the east side of the range warrants further investigation. Gold and silver are the only important metallic minerals that have been produced in the Santander massif. Mining dates back to colonial and possibly to pre-colonial times and continues on a small scale at present. The California and Vetas district was the main area of investigation of metallic minerals during the present project. Results of geochemical sampling of stream sediments and assays of vein material indicate that the main potential of the area is in gold with lesser potentials in copper, lead, zinc, and silver. Mineralization of the district is probably younger than Early Cretaceous. Although no copper minerals have been mined elsewhere in the massif, small amounts of copper minerals in various rocks in scattered areas is revealed by green and blue stains of copper carbonates and sulfates. Deposits of greatest areal extent are in arkosic conglomeratic beds of the Giron Formation. These

  15. Summer camp and self-esteem of school-age inner-city children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Readdick, Christine A; Schaller, G Robert

    2005-08-01

    The present study was designed to test the hypothesis that a session of summer camp would increase the self-esteem of economically disadvantaged, school-age children from New York's inner-city neighborhoods. This study was conducted at a small, coeducational residential summer camp in the Pocono Mountains designed for children ages 6-12 years from low-income areas of New York City. During each of four 12-day sessions, the Piers-Harris Children's Self-concept Scale was administered as a pretest and posttest to a sample of 68 children (36 boys and 32 girls; 33 African American, 34 Hispanic, and 1 Asian) of 742 attending camp for the sumnmer. Children scored significantly higher on the measure of self-esteem at the end of camp than at the beginning. Positive descriptions and ratings of self on popularity increased significantly. Observations and interviews with children suggested physical and social environmental features, such as contact with nature and having the same counselor as a previous year, may support self-esteem. Findings are discussed within a framework for biophilia, an innate urge to affiliate with nature which unfolds from earliest childhood on.

  16. Lectures given at the C.I.M.E. Summer School

    CERN Document Server

    2008-01-01

    Nowadays we are facing numerous and important imaging problems: nondestructive testing of materials, monitoring of industrial processes, enhancement of oil production by efficient reservoir characterization, emerging developments in noninvasive imaging techniques for medical purposes - computerized tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), positron emission tomography (PET), X-ray and ultrasound tomography, etc. In the CIME Summer School on Imaging (Martina Franca, Italy 2002), leading experts in mathematical techniques and applications presented broad and useful introductions for non-experts and practitioners alike to many aspects of this exciting field. The volume contains part of the above lectures completed and updated by additional contributions on other related topics: a general presentation and introduction (Moscoso), X-ray tomography (Natterer), Electromagnetic imaging (Dorn, Bertete-Aguirre, Papanicolaou), coherent imaging in telecommunications in a multiple input-multiple output setup (Dorn...

  17. 2nd FP7 Conference and International Summer School Nanotechnology : From Fundamental Research to Innovations

    CERN Document Server

    Yatsenko, Leonid

    2015-01-01

    This book presents some of the latest achievements in nanotechnology and nanomaterials from leading researchers in Ukraine, Europe, and beyond. It features contributions from participants in the 2nd International Summer School “Nanotechnology: From Fundamental Research to Innovations” and International Research and Practice Conference “Nanotechnology and Nanomaterials”, NANO-2013, which were held in Bukovel, Ukraine on August 25-September 1, 2013. These events took place within the framework of the European Commission FP7 project Nanotwinning, and were organized jointly by the Institute of Physics of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, University of Tartu (Estonia), University of Turin (Italy), and Pierre and Marie Curie University (France). Internationally recognized experts from a wide range of universities and research institutions share their knowledge and key results on topics ranging from nanooptics, nanoplasmonics, and interface studies to energy storage and biomedical applications. Pr...

  18. Selected proceedings of the FP7 International Summer School Nanotechnology: From Fundamental Research to Innovations

    CERN Document Server

    Yatsenko, Leonid; Brodin, Mikhaylo; Nanomaterials imaging techniques, surface studies, and applications

    2013-01-01

    This book presents cutting-edge research on a wide range of nanotechnology techniques and applications.  It features contributions from scientists who participated in the International Summer School “Nanotechnology: From Fundamental Research to Innovations” in Bukovel, Ukraine on August 26 – September 2, 2012 funded by the European Commission FP7 project Nanotwinning implemented by the Institute of Physics of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine and partner institutions: University of Tartu (Estonia), European Profiles A.E. (Greece), University of Turin (Italy) and Université Pierre et Marie Curie (France).  Worldwide experts present the latest results on such key topics as microscopy of nanostructures; nanocomposites; nanostructured interfaces and surfaces; nanooptics; nanoplasmonics; and enhanced vibrational spectroscopy.  Imaging technique coverage ranges from atomic force microscopy and spectroscopy, multiphoton imagery, and laser diagnostics of nanomaterials and nanostructures, to resonance ...

  19. 3rd International Summer School Nanotechnology : From Fundamental Research to Innovations

    CERN Document Server

    Yatsenko, Leonid

    2015-01-01

    This book highlights the most recent advances in nanoscience from leading researchers in Ukraine, Europe, and beyond.  It features contributions from participants of the 3rd International Summer School “Nanotechnology: From Fundamental Research to Innovations,” held in Yaremche, Ukraine on August 23-26, 2014 and of the 2nd International NANO-2014 Conference, held in Lviv, Ukraine on August 27-30, 2014.  These events took place within the framework of the European Commission FP7 project Nanotwinning, and were organized jointly by the Institute of Physics of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, University of Tartu (Estonia), University of Turin (Italy), and Pierre and Marie Curie University (France).  Internationally recognized experts from a wide range of universities and research institutions share their knowledge and key results in the areas of nanocomposites and nanomaterials, nanostructured surfaces, microscopy of nano-objects, nano-optics and nanophotonics, nanoplasmonics, nanochemistry, na...

  20. Estimating Turbulence Statistics and Parameters from Lidar Measurements. Remote Sensing Summer School

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sathe, Ameya

    , as well as experimental evidence from different measurement campaigns at a test center in Denmark. Several measurement configurations from the commercial and research lidars are described along with mathematical formulations of estimated turbulence statistics and parameters for the respective......This report is prepared as a written contribution to the Remote Sensing Summer School, that is organized by the Department of Wind Energy, Technical University of Denmark. It provides an overview of the state-of-the-art with regards to estimating turbulence statistics from lidar measurements...... systematic errors in the estimated turbulence statistics. New techniques of post-processing the lidar measurements are also discussed, amongst others the so-called six-beam technique, which reduces the systematic errors in the estimated turbulence statistics significantly. The report ends...

  1. Lectures given at the C.I.M.E. Summer School

    CERN Document Server

    Tian, Gang

    2008-01-01

    Modern approaches to the study of symplectic 4-manifolds and algebraic surfaces combine a wide range of techniques and sources of inspiration. Gauge theory, symplectic geometry, pseudoholomorphic curves, singularity theory, moduli spaces, braid groups, monodromy, in addition to classical topology and algebraic geometry, combine to make this one of the most vibrant and active areas of research in mathematics. It is our hope that the five lectures of the present volume given at the C.I.M.E. Summer School held in Cetraro, Italy, September 2-10, 2003 will be useful to people working in related areas of mathematics and will become standard references on these topics. The volume is a coherent exposition of an active field of current research focusing on the introduction of new methods for the study of moduli spaces of complex structures on algebraic surfaces, and for the investigation of symplectic topology in dimension 4 and higher.

  2. International Summer School on Astronomy and Space Science in Chile, first experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stepanova, M.; Arellano-Baeza, A. A.

    I International Summer School on Astronomy and Space Science took place in the Elqui Valley Chile January 15-29 2005 Eighty 12-17 year old students from Chile Russia Venezuela and Bulgaria obtained a valuable experience to work together with outstanding scientists from Chile and Russia and with Russian cosmonaut Alexander Balandine They also had opportunity to visit the main astronomical observatories and to participate in workshops dedicated to the telescope and satellite design and remote sensing This activity was supported by numerous institutions in Chile including the Ministry of Education the European Southern Observatory Chilean Space Agency Chilean Air Force Latin American Association of Space Geophysics the principal Chilean universities and the First Lady Mrs Luisa Duran

  3. The International Summer School on Land Cover Change and Hydroclimate of the La Plata Basin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berbery, Ernesto Hugo; Herdies, Dirceu L.; Alcaraz-Segura, Domingo; de Goncalves, Luis G. G.; Lettenmaier, Dennis P.; Toll, David

    2011-01-01

    The La Plata Basin (LPB) in southern South America has been subject to land cover and land use changes (LCLUCs) since colonial times and with an accelerated rate in the last decades and over extensive areas. The work of Ameghino even suggested that there were relations between those land use changes and the frequency of droughts and floods in the region. Despite this early knowledge, not much is known of the potential impacts of LCLUC on the hydroclimate of the La Plata basin. Besides, over the last century much of the La Plata Basin has had a reported increase in precipitation and heavy rains, and these changes along with an increase in population growth - have resulted in more adverse effects from flooding. To draw attention to these issues, during two weeks in November 2009 the International Summer School on Land Cover Change and Hydroclimate of the La Plata Basin was organized at the grounds of the Itaip Hydropower Plant in Brazil. The school was the result of the combination of interests between the La Plata Basin Regional Hydroclimate Project, the Inter-American Institute for Global Change Research (IAI), and the International Hydroinformatics Center (IHC) in Itaip . LPB is an umbrella project endorsed by the Global Energy and Water Cycle Experiment (GEWEX) and the Climate Prediction and Variability (CLIVAR), both of the World Climate Research Programme (WCRP). LPB has made a priority to train young scientists and promote interdisciplinary collaborations in areas related to Climate, Hydrology, Ecology and Agriculture. The IAI, with a similar agenda, was a natural partner to develop this Summer School, which in turn benefited from Itaipu s interest in relating with the scientific community of neighboring countries. The choice of location (Itaip Technological Park) was made so that participants could relate research usually done at academic institutions to applications and operations at one of the largest hydropower plants in the world. The school was attended

  4. Art Animates: Ideas Inspired by a University-Sponsored Summer Arts Academy for Middle and High School Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Danker, Stephanie; French, Kelley

    2016-01-01

    Art can provide a vehicle for animating learning. Teachers bring ideas to life through curriculum, while artists realize their ideas through images, often translating between forms, media and spaces. This paper describes the context, content and format of a residential Summer Arts Academy for gifted and talented middle and high school students,…

  5. Vienna International Summer School on Experimental and Clinical Oncology for Medical Students : An Austrian Cancer Education Project

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Fromm-Haidenberger, Sabine; Pohl, Gudrun; Widder, Joachim; Kren, Gerhard; Fitzal, Florian; Bartsch, Rupert; de Vries, Jakob; Zielinski, Christoph; Poetter, Richard

    The "International Summer School on Experimental and Clinical Oncology for Medical Students" is organised at the Medical University of Vienna to teach a multidisciplinary approach to oncology to medical students in the final phase of their studies. The program includes biology, diagnosis, clinical

  6. Are Self-Perception Measures Used in School Library Research Transferable to the Context of Public Library Summer Reading Programs?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arnone, Marilyn P.; Small, Ruth V.; Weng, Shicheng

    2016-01-01

    Several instruments previously validated for use in school library research were tested for their appropriateness in the context of public libraries' summer reading programs for youth. The researchers were also interested in whether the connection between perceived competence in one's own information skills and perceived competence in one's own…

  7. American Association of School Administrators 1980 Summer Instructional Leadership Conference: A Cooperative R&D Dissemination Project. Final Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spady, William C.

    This final report on the American Association of School Administrators' 1980 Summer Instructional Leadership Conference includes information on the background and scope of the project, a list of presenters and their topics, and plans for future programs. In addition, abstracts of 20 papers presented at the conference are appended. (WD)

  8. New instruments and science around SINQ. Lecture notes of the 4. summer school on neutron scattering

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Furrer, A. [ed.

    1996-11-01

    The spallation neutron source at PSI will be commissioned towards the end of this year together with a set of first generation instruments. This facility should then be available for the initial scientific work after spring next year. One of the main goals of this year`s summer school for neutron scattering was therefore the preparation of the potential customers at this facility for its scientific exploitation. In order to give them the - so to speak - last finish, we have dedicated the school to the discussion of the instruments at SINQ and their scientific potential. These proceedings are divided into two parts: Part A gives a complete description of the first-generation instruments and sample environment at SINQ. For all the instruments the relevant parameters for planning experiments are listed. Part A is completed by G. Bauer`s summary on experimental facilities and future developments at SINQ. Part B presents the lecture notes dealing with relevant applications of neutron based techniques in science and technology. The summary lecture by S.W. Lovesey is also included. (author) figs., tabs., refs.

  9. PREFACE: 4th International Workshop & Summer School on Plasma Physics 2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-06-01

    Fourth International Workshop & Summer School on Plasma Physics 2010 The Fourth International Workshop & Summer School on Plasma Physics (IWSSPP'10) is organized by St. Kliment Ohridsky University of Sofia, with co-organizers TCPA Foundation, Association EURATOM/IRNRE, The Union of the Physicists in Bulgaria, and the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. It was held in Kiten, Bulgaria, at the Black Sea Coast, from July 5 to July 10, 2010. The scientific programme covers the topics Fusion Plasma and Materials; Plasma Modeling and Fundamentals; Plasma Sources, Diagnostics and Technology. As the previous issues of this scientific meeting (IWSSPP'05, J. Phys.: Conf. Series 44 (2006) and IWSSPP'06, J. Phys.: Conf. Series 63 (2007), IWSSPP'08, J. Phys.: Conf. Series 207 (2010), its aim was to stimulate the creation and support of a new generation of young scientists for further development of plasma physics fundamentals and applications, as well as to ensure an interdisciplinary exchange of views and initiate possible collaborations by bringing together scientists from various branches of plasma physics. This volume of Journal of Physics: Conference Series includes 34 papers (invited lectures, contributed talks and posters) devoted to various branches of plasma physics, among them fusion plasma and materials, dc and microwave discharge modelling, transport phenomena in gas discharge plasmas, plasma diagnostics, cross sections and rate constants of elementary processes, material processing, plasma-chemistry and technology. Some of them have been presented by internationally known and recognized specialists in their fields; others are MSc or PhD students' first steps in science. In both cases, we believe they will raise readers' interest. We would like to thank the members of both the International Advisory Committee and the Local Organizing Committee, the participants who sent their manuscripts and passed through the (sometimes heavy and troublesome) refereeing and editing

  10. PREFACE: 16th International Summer School on Vacuum, Electron, and Ion Technologies (VEIT 2009)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Möller, Wolfhard; Guerassimov, Nikolay; Ghelev, Chavdar

    2010-04-01

    The International Summer School on Vacuum, Electron and Ion Technologies (VEIT) has been organized biennially since 1977 when the series of VEIT Schools was launched by the Institute of Electronics, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences with the aim to act as a forum for interchange and dissemination of knowledge and ideas on the latest developments in electron-, ion-, and plasma-assisted technologies. Beginning from 2001, the school has been jointly organized with the Institute of Ion Beam Physics and Materials Research, Forschungszentrum Dresden-Rossendorf, Germany. Whereas, the school initially provided a meeting place for researchers mainly from Eastern and Central European countries, its importance grew issue by issue. The school is now a major scientific event and a meeting place for young scientists from Eastern and Western Europe involved in research and development associated with high-tech industries. Many former school participants have gone on to become leading scientists in research establishments and companies throughout the world. Leading international companies, such as High Voltage Engineering, Balzers, Varian, and Hauzer have used the VEIT forum to present their products through oral presentations, poster contributions or exhibits. The School Proceedings have been published in special issues of the international journals Vacuum, Plasma Processes and Polymers, Journal of Physics: Conference Series. The Sixteenth VEIT school was held in the Black Sea resort Sunny Beach, Bulgaria on 28 September to 2 October 2009. It was attended by close to 110 participants from 13 countries: Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, France, Germany, The Netherlands, Romania, Slovak Republic, Spain, Sweden, Ukraine, UK and USA. Following the tradition of publishing the VEIT Proceedings, a selection of papers presented at the event is published in this volume of Journal of Physics: Conference Series, under the originality and quality criteria of acceptance by the journal, including

  11. Aspectos del dengue investigados en Santander

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ruth Martínez

    2004-03-01

    Full Text Available

    Entre 1998 y 2003 se registraron en Colombia 256,831 casos de dengue (22,834 de dengue hemorrágico DH de los cuales 41,325 (36% fueron en Santander (3,265 DH (1,2. En este período ocurrieron brotes en 1998 y 2001 observándose incremento de casos severos en el segundo (2. Por otro lado, existen inconvenientes con el diagnóstico que dificultan el manejo clínico oportuno y la vigilancia epidemiológica. Como consecuencia, los siguientes aspectos han sido investigados:

    1 Contribución de la circulación de los serotipos/genotipos al incremento del dengue hemorrágico, considerando que la entrada o emergencia de éstos se han asociado con epidemias (3. Entre 1998 y 2004 se hicieron 1,180 intentos de aislamiento viral en células C6/36 (4, detectándose los 4 serotipos. El DEN-2 se aisló todos los años con mayor frecuencia durante los brotes (43% y 40% de los cepas; el DEN-1 se detectó entre 1998 y 2001, siendo el prevalente en el primer brote (57%, pero el menos en el segundo (4%; el DEN-3 se detectó en el brote del 2001 con similar frecuencia al DEN-2 (36%, por primera vez en Colombia luego de 23 años ausente, y fue el prevalerte entre 2002-2004 (92% de los aislados, aunque en estos años no se reportó incremento del DH (2; el DEN-4 se aisló solo en el 2000 (27% y en el brote del 2001 (20%. El genotipo de cada serotipo se identificó por análisis de RSS-PCR (5,6. Se encontraron el subtipo A (ó III, C (ó I y B (ó II de los serotipos 2, 1 y 4, similares a los que están circulando en países de América y oriundos del Asia. Los DEN-3 fueron del subtipo C (ó III iguales al virus que entró en América en 1994 oriundo de Sri-Lanka, India. Los genotipos del 2 y 3 encontrados en Santander producen con mayor frecuencia DH (3,7.

    Training Early Career Space Weather Researchers and other Space Weather Professionals at the CISM Space Weather Summer School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gross, N. A.; Hughes, W.

    2011-12-01

    This talk will outline the organization of a summer school designed to introduce young professions to a sub-discipline of geophysics. Through out the 10 year life time of the Center for Integrated Space Weather Modeling (CISM) the CISM Team has offered a two week summer school that introduces new graduate students and other interested professional to the fundamentals of space weather. The curriculum covers basic concepts in space physics, the hazards of space weather, and the utility of computer models of the space environment. Graduate students attend from both inside and outside CISM, from all the sub-disciplines involved in space weather (solar, heliosphere, geomagnetic, and aeronomy), and from across the nation and around the world. In addition, between 1/4 and 1/3 of the participants each year are professionals involved in space weather in some way, such as: forecasters from NOAA and the Air Force, Air Force satellite program directors, NASA specialists involved in astronaut radiation safety, and representatives from industries affected by space weather. The summer school has adopted modern pedagogy that has been used successfully at the undergraduate level. A typical daily schedule involves three morning lectures followed by an afternoon lab session. During the morning lectures, student interaction is encouraged using "Timeout to Think" questions and peer instruction, along with question cards for students to ask follow up questions. During the afternoon labs students, working in groups of four, answer thought provoking questions using results from simulations and observation data from a variety of source. Through the interactions with each other and the instructors, as well as social interactions during the two weeks, students network and form bonds that will last them through out their careers. We believe that this summer school can be used as a model for summer schools in a wide variety of disciplines.

  12. If We Build It, We Will Come: Impacts of a Summer Robotics Program on Regular Year Attendance in Middle School. Policy Brief

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mac Iver, Martha Abele; Mac Iver, Douglas J.

    2014-01-01

    Recognizing the importance of both keeping middle school students engaged and improving their math skills, Baltimore City Public Schools (City Schools) developed a summer school STEM program involving not only math and science instruction but also the experience of building a robot and competing with those robots in a city-wide tournament.…

  13. Denali Rocks - An Innovative Geology Module for High School Students at the Alaska Summer Research Academy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shipman, J. S.; Henton, S.; Chebul, E.; White, E.; Johnson, P.; Briggs, D.; Webley, P. W.; Drake, J.

    2011-12-01

    Scientific summer camps give high school students the unique opportunity to interact within the university environment. During July 2011, the Alaska Summer Research Academy (ASRA) provided such an opportunity for over 100 high school students. University of Alaska Fairbanks (UAF) instructors led a two-week long ASRA module, called 'Denali Rocks', where six student participants from across the USA learned the fundamentals of geology and went on a field expedition to Denali National Park and Preserve, with assistance from the National Park Service. The students documented their field experiences through photography and video recordings. For the videos, they were both news reporters and experts in the field. The module educated students in three important aspects of geosciences: natural hazards, natural resources, and the formation of geological landscapes. Students learned about natural hazards in Alaska by visiting two world leading monitoring facilities at UAF. Day excursions as part of the module included the Fort Knox Gold Mine and the Trans-Alaska Pipeline. The students learned how to identify major rock types, their emplacement, and their deposition in the field. They learned how to read topographic and geologic maps as well as how to use a geologic compass to take strike and dip measurements. Students also used technological equipment such as GPS to track the hikes, a Gigapan camera to create panoramic photos, and a handheld Niton X-ray fluorescence spectrometer for compositional analyses. All observations were documented in their field notebooks. By the end of the field camp, the six students were seasoned naturalists. The video and photographic documentation was used in a final presentation to 150 of their peers and instructors in the other ASRA modules. This was in the format of an evening news program complete with anchors, meteorologists, and lighting and camera crews. The students performed all duties during the presentation, and prepared all the footage

  14. PREFACE: 10th Summer School on Theoretical Physics 'Symmetry and Structural Properties of Condensed Matter'

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lulek, Tadeusz; Wal, Andrzej; Lulek, Barbara

    2010-03-01

    This volume contains the Proceedings of the Tenth Summer School on Theoretical Physics under the banner title 'Symmetry and Structural Properties of Condensed Matter' (SSPCM 2009). The School was organized by Rzeszow University of Technology, Poland, in cooperation with AGH University of Science and Technology, Cracow, Poland, and took place on 2-9 September 2009 in Myczkowce, Poland. With this meeting we have reached the round number ten of the series of biannual SSPCM schools, which started in 1990 and were focused on some advanced mathematical methods of condensed matter physics. The first five meetings were held in Zajaczkowo near Poznan, under the auspices of The Institute of Physics of Adam Mickiewicz University, and the last five in Myczkowce near Rzeszów, in the south-eastern part of Poland. Within these two decades several young workers who started at kindergarten lectures at SSPCM, have now reached their PhD degrees, professorships and authority. Proceedings of the first seven SSPCM meetings were published as separate volumes by World Scientific, and the last two as volumes 30 and 104 of Journal of Physics: Conference Series. The present meeting is also the third of the last schools which put the emphasis on quantum informatics. The main topics of our jubilee SSPCM'09 are the following: Information processing, entanglement, and tensor calculus, Integrable models and unitary symmetry, Finite systems and nanophysics. The Proceedings are divided into three parts accordingly. The school gathered together 55 participants from seven countries and several scientific centers in Poland, accommodating again advanced research with young collaborators and students. Acknowledgements The Organizing Committee would like to express its gratitude to all participants for their many activities during the School and for creating a friendly and inspiring atmosphere within our SSPCM society. Special thanks are due to all lecturers for preparing and presenting their talks and

  15. Sedentary lifestyle in active children admitted to a summer sport school.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fainardi, Valentina; Scarabello, Chiara; Brunella, Iovane; Errico, Maria Katrin; Mele, Alessandra; Gelmetti, Chiara; Sponzilli, Ivonne; Chiari, Giovanni; Volta, Elio; Vitale, Marco; Vanelli, Maurizio

    2009-08-01

    Aim of this study was to investigate the sedentary patterns of school-aged active children admitted to a summer sport school. One hundred-twelve children aged 9-11 years were interviewed through a questionnaire about sedentary behaviours and nutrition habits. Seventy-one per cent of children reported they watch TV seven days a week, girls less than boys (84 +/- 45 minutes vs. 110 +/- 75 minutes) (t = 2.056; p = 0.042). The habit of TV viewing during meals was widespread (38% breakfast, 31% lunch, 62% dinner, 18% every meal). The prevalence of overweight or obesity (58.5%) was significantly higher among boys watching TV at dinner compared to the boys viewing TV only in the afternoon (35%) (chi2 = 4.976; p = 0.026). Fifty-seven per cent of children (65% boys) were accustomed to nibble snacks during TV viewing, and this habit was widespread in overweight or obese boys (chi2 = 4.546; p = 0.033). The dietary patterns of children watching TV include more snack foods and fewer fruits than the dietary patterns of the same children exercising (chi2 = 4.199 p = 0.040). Also in active children the habit to watch television is widespread and, in spite of the tendency to physical activity, 46% of them were overweight or obese; in fact the time spent looking at a TV may be associated to overweight/obesity and this relationship could be explained by the amount of high-density foods consumption during inactivity. Playing video games, read a book and listening to music are sedentary lifestyle patterns but these seem not to represent a risk factor for an increased BMI.

  16. The American Indian Summer Institute in Earth System Science (AISESS) at UC Irvine: A Two-Week Residential Summer Program for High School Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, K. R.; Polequaptewa, N.; Leon, Y.

    2012-12-01

    Native Americans remain severely underrepresented in the geosciences, despite a clear need for qualified geoscience professionals within Tribal communities to address critical issues such as natural resource and land management, water and air pollution, and climate change. In addition to the need for geoscience professionals within Tribal communities, increased participation of Native Americans in the geosciences would enhance the overall diversity of perspectives represented within the Earth science community and lead to improved Earth science literacy within Native communities. To address this need, the Department of Earth System Science and the American Indian Resource Program at the University California have organized a two-week residential American Indian Summer Institute in Earth System Science (AISESS) for high-school students (grades 9-12) from throughout the nation. The format of the AISESS program is based on the highly-successful framework of a previous NSF Funded American Indian Summer Institute in Computer Science (AISICS) at UC Irvine and involves key senior personnel from the AISICS program. The AISESS program, however, incorporates a week of camping on the La Jolla Band of Luiseño Indians reservation in Northern San Diego County, California. Following the week of camping and field projects, the students spend a week on the campus of UC Irvine participating in Earth System Science lectures, laboratory activities, and tours. The science curriculum is closely woven together with cultural activities, native studies, and communication skills programs The program culminates with a closing ceremony during which students present poster projects on environmental issues relevant to their tribal communities. The inaugural AISESS program took place from July 15th-28th, 2012. We received over 100 applications from Native American high school students from across the nation. We accepted 40 students for the first year, of which 34 attended the program. The

  17. EDITORIAL: The Fifth International Workshop and Summer School on Plasma Physics

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-04-01

    , Russia, the US, China, South Korea and India (as of March 2006). It will take several years to accomplish this important task. There is no doubt that the success depends not only on funding but also on enthusiastic people willing to contribute with their skills and knowledge. Young scientists and engineers must be enrolled to the programme and trained in various disciplines of fusion science and technology. There are various education schemes and work programmes. Organization of summer schools on fusion-related plasma physics is an important part of the training process. Several schools are organized annually or every second year in Europe. Fusion-related science is so vast that it is impossible to cover all topics during an event lasting for one or two weeks. Therefore, each school has its distinctive features and focuses on a selected group of issues to be addressed in depth. This also applies to the Workshop and Summer School on Plasma Physics in Kudowa Zdrój (Poland) that, has been organised annually since 2001. It was initiated by Dr Marek Scholz with the help of his colleagues from the Institute of Plasma Physics and Laser Microfusion (IPPLM) in Warsaw. The idea was to create a forum for students mainly from Eastern Europe to learn and discuss subjects in general plasma physics and dense magnetized media, predominantly in plasma focus devices. Over the years the school has matured and created a clear profile. A unique feature has always been to accommodate in the programme not only tutorials delivered by invited senior scientists but also presentations prepared by the students. In June 2005 the 5th Workshop and Summer School on Plasma Physics was held under the heading 'Towards Fusion Energy: Plasma Physics, Diagnostics, Applications'. There were 59 participants, including 44 students, coming from plasma physics and material research laboratories in 17 countries: Belgium, Czech Republic, France, Germany, Georgia, Iran, Italy, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Russia

  18. 1999 Summer Research Program for High School Juniors at the University of Rochester's Laboratory for Laser Energetics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2002-10-09

    oak-B202--During the summer of 1999, 12 students from Rochester-area high schools participated in the Laboratory for Laser Energetics' Summer High School Research Program. The goal of this program is to excite a group of high school students about careers in the areas of science and technology by exposing them to research in a state-of-the-art environment. Too often, students are exposed to ''research'' only through classroom laboratories that have prescribed procedures and predictable results. In LLE's summer program, the students experience all of the trials, tribulations, and rewards of scientific research. By participating in research in a real environment, the students often become more enthusiastic about careers in science and technology. In addition, LLE gains from the contributions of the many highly talented students who are attracted to the program. The students spent most of their time working on their individual research projects with members of LLE's technical staff. The projects were related to current research activities at LLE and covered a broad range of areas of interest including laser modeling, diagnostic development, chemistry, liquid crystal devices, and opacity data visualization. The students, their high schools, their LLE supervisors and their project titles are listed in the table. Their written reports are collected in this volume. The students attended weekly seminars on technical topics associated with LLE's research. Topics this year included lasers, fusion, holography, optical materials, global warming, measurement errors, and scientific ethics. The students also received safety training, learned how to give scientific presentations, and were introduced to LLE's resources, especially the computational facilities. The program culminated with the High School Student Summer Research Symposium on 25 August at which the students presented the results of their research to an audience that

  19. Risk factors associated with Chagas disease in pregnant women in Santander, a highly endemic Colombian area.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Castellanos-Domínguez, Yeny Z; Cucunubá, Zulma M; Orozco, Luis C; Valencia-Hernández, Carlos A; León, Cielo M; Florez, Astrid C; Muñoz, Lyda; Pavía, Paula; Montilla, Marleny; Uribe, Luz Marina; García, Carlos; Ardila, William; Nicholls, Rubén Santiago; Puerta, Concepción J

    2016-01-01

    To determine the prevalence and risk factors associated with Chagas disease in pregnant women in an endemic area of Santander, Colombia. Cross-sectional study included 23 municipalities of Santander, Colombia. Serological IFAT and ELISA tests were undertaken to detect IgG anti- Trypanosoma cruzi. A questionnaire was conducted for assessing the risk factors of each participant. Newborns were evaluated at birth and followed up to 1 year of age to determine congenital infection. An overall prevalence of 3.2% (95% CI 2.4-4.2) among 1518 pregnant women was detected. Prevalences by provinces were as follows: Guanentina: 6.0% (95% CI 4.1-8.5), García Rovira: 2.9% (95% CI: 1.5-4.8) and Comunera: 0.4% (0.4-2.3). The main risk factors identified were age >32 years old (OR: 2.1; 95% CI: 1.1-3.9); currently having a thatched roof (OR: 11.8; CI95% 2.2-63.2) and a thatched roof during childhood (OR: 3.0; 95% CI: 1.4-6.6); having below primary school education level (OR: 4.6; 95% CI: 2.2-9.5); and a history of a close contact with the vector (triatomine bugs) at least once during their lifetime (OR: 6.9; 95% CI: 3.7-12.9). No congenital cases were detected by parasitological or serological techniques. Prevalence of Chagas disease in pregnant women is a potential source of infection in this Colombian endemic area. The main risk factors associated with seropositivity were related to conditions favouring the contact with the vector. The results show that it is necessary to continue an active surveillance in order to offer diagnosis and treatment to mothers and their newborns in addition to screening to pregnant women from endemic areas. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  1. EDITORIAL: 17th International Summer School on Vacuum, Electron, and Ion Technologies (VEIT 2011)

    Science.gov (United States)

    van de Sanden, M. C. M.; Dimitrova, Miglena; Ghelev, Chavdar

    2012-03-01

    The International Summer School on Vacuum, Electron and Ion Technologies (VEIT) has been organized biennially since 1977, when the VEIT Summer School series was launched by the Institute of Electronics, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. The aim was to act as a forum for the exchange and dissemination of knowledge and ideas on the latest developments in electron-, ion- and plasma-assisted technologies. The organizers of the 2011 edition of the event were the Institute of Electronics, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia, Bulgaria and the Department of Applied Physics, Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, The Netherlands. Whilst the school initially provided a meeting place for researchers mainly from Eastern and Central European countries, its importance has grown issue by issue. The school is now a major scientific event and a meeting place for young scientists from Eastern and Western Europe involved in research and development associated with high-tech industries. Many former school participants have gone on to become leading scientists in research establishments and companies throughout the world. Leading international companies, such as High Voltage Engineering, Balzers, Varian, and Hauzer have used the VEIT forum to present their products through oral presentations, poster contributions and exhibits. The School Proceedings have been published in special issues of the international journals Vacuum, Plasma Processes and Polymers and Journal of Physics: Conference Series. The Seventeenth edition of VEIT was held in the Black Sea resort of Sunny Beach, Bulgaria on 19-23 September 2011. It was attended by 96 participants from 18 countries: Belgium, Brazil, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Germany, Greece, The Netherlands, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, Ukraine, UK and USA. Following the tradition of publishing the VEIT Proceedings, a selection of papers presented at the event is published in this special issue of Journal of

  2. PREFACE: 26th Summer School and International Symposium on the Physics of Ionized Gases (SPIG 2012)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuraica, Milorad; Mijatovic, Zoran

    2012-11-01

    This volume of Journal of Physics: Conference Series contains the general invited lectures, topical invited lectures and progress reports presented at the 26th Summer School and International Symposium on the Physics of Ionized Gases - SPIG 2012. The conference was held in Zrenjanin, Serbia, from 27-31 August. The SPIG conference has a 52 year long tradition. The structure of the papers in this volume cover the following sections: atomic collision processes, particle and laser beam interactions with solids, low temperature plasmas and general plasmas. As these four topics often overlap and merge in numerous fundamental studies and, more importantly applications, SPIG in general serves as a venue for exchanging ideas in the related fields. We hope that this volume will be an important source of information about progress in plasma physics and will be useful, first of all, for students, but also for plasma physics scientists. The Editors would like to thank the invited speakers for their participation at SPIG 2012 and for their efforts writing contributions for this volume. We also express our gratitude to the members of Scientific and Organizing committees for their efforts in organizing this SPIG. Especially we would like to thank the Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development of Republic of Serbia, Provincial Secretariat for Science and Techonological Development, Province of Vojvodina, Institute Français de Serbie and Biser Zrenjanin for financial support as well as the European Physical Society (EPS) for supporting the award for the best poster of a young scientist and American Elements, USA. Milorad Kuraica Zoran Mijatovic October 2012 Editors

  3. The summer school students' viewpoints about important factors in learning, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bazrafcan, Leila; Haghani, Fariba; Shokrpour, Nasrin

    2014-04-01

    The main goal of education is learning and change in behavior which has been revolutionized in the 21st century due to the rapid and widespread changes in science. The traditional approach to education does no longer meet the learners' needs, necessitating new changes in educational curricula. This study was designed to determine the factors influencing learning in the 21st century and find out the students' viewpoints on this issue. This is a descriptive study aiming at determining the students' views on new approaches to learning in the 21st century. To do so, a researcher-made questionnaire was designed. It contained 30 questions in 3 sections including demographic data, background questions and two open questions about their suggestions and criticisms. The reliability and validity of the questionnaire was pilot-tested and measured, which proved to be describable. 150 students participating in university summer schools in Shiraz University of Medical Sciences were enrolled. The questionnaires were sent to the students in person and through electronic mails. The students were asked to return the completed questionnaires to the given email address. The data were analyzed in SPSS, version 14, using descriptive statistics of frequency, mean, percentage and standard deviation and t-test. Prisk taking, increase in the social relationship among the learners, focus on practical skills, and management were considered as the least influential factors in learning in the 21(st) century. It seems that the students philosophically tend to approve constructivism and cooperative learning which is learner-centered as compared to conventional education which is teacher-contended. According to experts, this type of viewpoint is in the same line with new approaches to teaching and education in the present era. Moreover, it impacts the reforms, complementation and expansion of methodology greatly.

  4. Engaging Middle School Students in Authentic Research based on a summer research cruise

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manley, J.; Ellins, K. K.; Conte, M. H.

    2011-12-01

    In summer 2010, as a participant in the TXESS Revolution, a National Science Foundation (NSF)-sponsored professional development program for teachers in support of Earth and Space Science, I participated in a scientific research cruise led by Dr. Maureen Conte of the Bermuda Institute of Ocean Sciences (BIOS). The primary purpose of the cruise was to collect water samples from different ocean depths, make temperature and conductivity measurements, and retrieve biologic particle debris collection equipment deployed as part of the NSF-sponsored Oceanic Flux Program to measure particle fluxes in the deep Sargasso Sea. A secondary objective involved the collection of plastic debris floating within the sargassum grass trapped in the North Atlantic gyre in order to investigate plastic pollution. As a member of the science team I worked alongside of Dr. Conte, scientists and graduate students, giving me a personal experience to inspire my students' interest in the marine ecosystem. In the classroom, I used a Project Based Learning (PBL) approach to translate my experience and knowledge gained into productive learning for my students. With Project Based Learning, teams of students solve a real world, open-ended challenge problem through research and experimentation. In this Problem, the challenge was to design a virtual product to motivate ordinary people to change their habits regarding their use and improper disposal of plastics. Team products included websites, social network pages, and in-school announcements to create awareness about plastic pollution in the ocean. Fulfilling one of the basic principles of the PBL approach to provide student access to experts, cruise participant and University of North Carolina graduate student Bonnie Monteleone dedicated an entire day to speak with each of my classes about her experiences studying ocean plastics and answer their questions via SKYPE. In addition, Ms. Monteleone used her extensive contacts to post the best of my

  5. The 1st European Summer School on 'proteomic basics'--the students view. 12-18 August, 2007 Kloster Neustift, Brixen/Bressanone, South Tyrol, Italy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Collins, Emily S; Little, Samantha J

    2008-01-01

    Fifty postgraduate and postdoctoral delegates from all over Europe attended the week-long '1st European Summer School on Proteomic Basics' in Kloster Neustift in the Italian South Tyrol in August 2007. Invited proteomics experts gave tutorial lectures on Proteomics techniques with an emphasis on sample preparation, protein separation and purification in the first of an annual series of Proteomics Summer Schools funded by the EU and the Volkswagen Stiftung.

  6. PREFACE: Fifteenth International Summer School on Vacuum, Electron and Ion Technologies (VEIT 2007)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guerassimov, Nikolay; Möller, Wolfhard; Ghelev, Chavdar

    2008-03-01

    The International Summer School on Vacuum, Electron and Ion Technologies (VEIT) has been organized biannually since 1977. It is a forum for the interchange and dissemination of knowledge and ideas on the latest developments in electron-, ion-, and plasma-assisted technologies. The organizers of the event (since 2001) have been the Institute of Electronics, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia, Bulgaria, the Institute of Ion Beam Physics and Materials Research, Forschungszentrum Dresden-Rossendorf, Dresden, Germany, and the Evrika Foundation, Sofia, Bulgaria. The fifteenth meeting of VEIT was held in the Black Sea resort of Sozopol, Bulgaria from 17-21 September 2007 and was attended by around 120 participants from 17 countries: Australia, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Italy, The Netherlands, Poland, Pakistan, Romania, Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine, UK and USA. Following the tradition of publishing the VEIT Proceedings, a selection of papers presented at the event is published in this volume of Journal of Physics: Conference Series, all peer reviewed to meet the originality and quality criteria of the journal. The school consisted of 11 oral and 3 poster sessions. There were 17 invited talks of general interest and 12 progress reports were presented orally. In total 86 contributed papers were presented during the three poster sessions. There were several scientific highlights covering the fundamentals of gas discharges and interaction of fast particles with solids, a wide range of conventional and novel applications such as for hard coatings and optical/protective layers, nanosized structures produced by evaporation, sputtering or external irradiation. Recent achievements in the modification of materials using charged particles or laser beams, thin layers deposition, properties, and characterization and novel materials, techniques, devices were highlighted. Despite the busy scientific program, the atmosphere was relaxed and informal

  7. NASA's Planetary Science Summer School: Training Future Mission Leaders in a Concurrent Engineering Environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mitchell, K. L.; Lowes, L. L.; Budney, C. J.; Sohus, A.

    2014-12-01

    NASA's Planetary Science Summer School (PSSS) is an intensive program for postdocs and advanced graduate students in science and engineering fields with a keen interest in planetary exploration. The goal is to train the next generation of planetary science mission leaders in a hands-on environment involving a wide range of engineers and scientists. It was established in 1989, and has undergone several incarnations. Initially a series of seminars, it became a more formal mission design experience in 1999. Admission is competitive, with participants given financial support. The competitively selected trainees develop an early mission concept study in teams of 15-17, responsive to a typical NASA Science Mission Directorate Announcement of Opportunity. They select the mission concept from options presented by the course sponsors, based on high-priority missions as defined by the Decadal Survey, prepare a presentation for a proposal authorization review, present it to a senior review board and receive critical feedback. Each participant assumes multiple roles, on science, instrument and project teams. They develop an understanding of top-level science requirements and instrument priorities in advance through a series of reading assignments and webinars help trainees. Then, during the five day session at Jet Propulsion Laboratory, they work closely with concurrent engineers including JPL's Advanced Projects Design Team ("Team X"), a cross-functional multidisciplinary team of engineers that utilizes concurrent engineering methodologies to complete rapid design, analysis and evaluation of mission concept designs. All are mentored and assisted directly by Team X members and course tutors in their assigned project roles. There is a strong emphasis on making difficult trades, simulating a real mission design process as accurately as possible. The process is intense and at times dramatic, with fast-paced design sessions and late evening study sessions. A survey of PSSS alumni

  8. The summer school students’ viewpoints about important factors in learning, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    LEILA BAZRAFCAN

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The main goal of education is learning and change in behavior which has been revolutionized in the 21st century due to the rapid and widespread changes in science. The traditional approach to education does no longer meet the learners’ needs, necessitating new changes in educational curricula. This study was designed to determine the factors influencing learning in the 21st century and find out the students’ viewpoints on this issue. Methods: This is a descriptive study aiming at determining the students’ views on new approaches to learning in the 21st century. To do so, a researcher-made questionnaire was designed. It contained 30 questions in 3 sections including demographic data, background questions and two open questions about their suggestions and criticisms. The reliability and validity of the questionnaire was pilot-tested and measured, which proved to be describable. 150 students participating in university summer schools in Shiraz University of Medical Sciences were enrolled. The questionnaires were sent to the students in person and through electronic mails. The students were asked to return the completed questionnaires to the given email address. The data were analyzed in SPSS, version 14, using descriptive statistics of frequency, mean, percentage and standard deviation and t-test. P<0. 05 was considered as statistically significant. Results: 150 questionnaires were appropriately filled out and given to the researchers. The results indicated that, according to the students, 6 factors including the use of computer in teaching, enhancement of virtual learning, the use of mobile in relations, enjoyment of electronic learning contexts, the learning focus on attitudes and the facilitating role of the lectures were the most influential factors in learning. On the other hand, the government’s responsibility and responsiveness, creativity and risk taking, increase in the social relationship among the learners, focus on

  9. PREFACE: 24th Summer School and International Symposium on the Physics of Ionized Gases

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malović, Gordana; Popović, Luka Č.; Dimitrijević, Milan S.

    2008-02-01

    This volume of the Journal of Physics: Conference Series contains the Invited lectures, Topical invited lectures and Progress reports presented at the 24th Summer School and International Symposium on the Physics of Ionized Gases - SPIG 2008. The conference was held in Novi Sad, Serbia, 25-29 August 2008. Throughout the history of scientific discovery, one can see repeatedly how fundamental sciences have solved basic questions and opened new frontiers. In the field of physics, there are many key discoveries, resulting in their useful applications for the benefit of the mankind. It is very important to have meetings to discuss actual problems in particular fields of physics. This Conference provided a forum for 160 active researchers from 25 countries to discuss current advances in the physics of ionized gases and related fields. The Conference has a long tradition. Let us remember that the first SPIG was organized in 1968. The decay of former Yugoslavia in 1991, caused a disturbance in SPIG meetings, but fortunately, in 1993, SPIG meetings were successfully revitalized. During recent years we have met successively in Belgrade, Kotor, Zlatibor, Soko Banja, Tara, Kopaonik and finally this time in Novi Sad. The structure of the papers in this Proceedings is as follows: Atomic Collision Processes, Particle and Laser Beam Interactions with Solids, Low Temperature Plasmas and General Plasmas. We hope that this Proceedings will be an important source of information, first of all to students, and also to plasma physics scientists. First of all, we would like to thank to the invited speakers for participating at the SPIG 2008 and for their efforts writing contributions for this Proceedings. We also express our gratitude to the members of the Scientific and Organizing committees for their efforts in organizing the Conference. Especially we would like to thank the Ministry of Science and Technological Development of the Republic of Serbia for financial support. Also, this

  10. "STEMming" the Swell of Absenteeism in Urban Middle Grade Schools: Impacts of a Summer Robotics Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mac Iver, Martha Abele; Mac Iver, Douglas J.

    2014-01-01

    Attendance is probably the most fundamental behavioral indicator of student engagement with school. Though many students fall off-track to success for the first time in ninth grade, poor attendance patterns often begin increasing in middle school and become worse in high school. Missing school during the secondary grades can often be traced to low…

  11. Characterization of sources of financing for tourism sector in Santander (Colombia)

    OpenAIRE

    Pérez Pinzón, Luis Rubén

    2015-01-01

    Research of the options, alternatives and financial constraints of entrepreneurs of the tourism sector in Colombia, particularly in Santander, to increase their investments in infrastructure, products, communications, and consequently, become more competitive on the next five years. The results presented are the results of a descriptive research by the Seed Research in Alternative Tourism and Sustainable of the Industrial University of Santander, as from strategic and programmatic contrast of...

  12. Díptico Exposición del Centenario del IEO de Santander

    OpenAIRE

    Carranza-González, J.E. (Jesús Enrique)

    2014-01-01

    Díptico en A4 plegado , cuatricomía, papel cuché de 170 grs. Información sobre la exposición del Centenario del IEO de Santander celebrada en la Biblioteca Central de Cantabria en Santander del 5 de noviembre al 17 de diciembre de 2014. En esta publicidad se recoge el programa de actividades: visitas guiadas, talleres para niños, conferencias, y los horarios generales de la exposición.

  13. Investigating the Geophysics of Venus: Result of the post-Alpbach Summer School 2014

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koopmans, Robert-Jan; Łosiak, Anna; Białek, Agata; Donohoe, Anthony; Fernández Jiménez, María; Frasl, Barbara; Gurciullo, Antonio; Kleinschneider, Andreas; Mannel, Thurid; Muñoz Elorza, Iñigo; Nilsson, Daniel; Oliveira, Marta; Sørensen-Clark, Paul; Timoney, Ryan; van Zelst, Iris

    2015-04-01

    Venus has been investigated by only five dedicated mission programs since the beginning of space flight. This relatively low level of interest is remarkable when considering that mass and radius of Venus are very similar to Earth's, while at the same time characteristics such as spin rate, atmospheric composition, pressure and temperature, make Venus a very different, inhabitable world. The underlying causes of these differences are not well understood. Apprehending Venus' tectonics and internal structure would not only shed light on the question why those two planets evolved so differently, but also help refining current models of planetary systems formation. In order to answer the question about reasons for differences in evolution of those two planets a group of 15 young scientists and engineers designed a mission to Venus during a follow-up of the Alpbach Summer School 2014. The primary objective of this mission is to learn whether Venus is tectonically active and on what time scale. In order to accomplish this goal the mission will determine the crustal structure of Venus, the current activity and distribution of active volcanoes and the movement of continental plates. The secondary objective is to further constrain the models of Venus' internal structure and composition. To achieve this, the mission will investigate the size, state and composition of the core as well as the state and composition of the mantle. The proposed mission consists of an orbiter in a near-polar circular orbit around Venus and a balloon for in-situ measurements operating during the initial phase of the mission. The balloon carries a nephelometer, a magnetometer, a mass spectrometer and stereo microphones and meteorological package. The orbiter carries a gradiometer for determining the gravity field, a synthetic aperture radar for investigating small changes in surface topography and mapping microwave signals from the surface and an IR and UV spectrometer and IR camera for monitoring

  14. PREFACE: 27th Summer School and International Symposium on the Physics of Ionized Gases (SPIG 2014)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marić, Dragana; Milosavljević, Aleksandar R.; Mijatović, Zoran

    2014-12-01

    This volume of Journal of Physics: Conference Series contains a selection of papers presented at the 27th Summer School and International Symposium on the Physics of Ionized Gases - SPIG 2014, as General Invited Lectures, Topical Invited Lectures, Progress Reports and associated Workshop Lectures. The conference was held in Belgrade, Serbia, from 26-29 August 2014 at the Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts. It was organized by the Institute of Physics Belgrade, University of Belgrade and Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts, under the auspices of the Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development, Republic of Serbia. A rare virtue of a SPIG conference is that it covers a wide range of topics, bringing together leading scientists worldwide to present and discuss state-of-the art research and the most recent applications, thus stimulating a modern approach of interdisciplinary science. The Invited lectures and Contributed papers are related to the following research fields: 1. Atomic Collision Processes (Electron and Photon Interactions with Atomic Particles, Heavy Particle Collisions, Swarms and Transport Phenomena) 2. Particle and Laser Beam Interactions with Solids (Atomic Collisions in Solids, Sputtering and Deposition, Laser and Plasma Interaction with Surfaces) 3. Low Temperature Plasmas (Plasma Spectroscopy and other Diagnostic Methods, Gas Discharges, Plasma Applications and Devices) 4. General Plasmas (Fusion Plasmas, Astrophysical Plasmas and Collective Phenomena) Additionally, the 27th SPIG encompassed three workshops that are closely related to the scope of the conference: • The Workshop on Dissociative Electron Attachment (DEA) - Chaired by Prof. Nigel J Mason, OBE, The Open University, United Kingdom • The Workshop on X-ray Interaction with Biomolecules in Gas Phase (XiBiGP), Chaired by Dr. Christophe Nicolas, Synchrotron SOLEIL, France • The 3rd International Workshop on Non-Equilibrium Processes (NonEqProc) - Chaired by Prof

  15. Collaboration and Community Building in Summer Undergraduate Research Programs in the School of Earth Sciences at Stanford University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nevle, R. J.; Watson Nelson, T.; Harris, J. M.; Klemperer, S. L.

    2012-12-01

    In 2012, the School of Earth Sciences (SES) at Stanford University sponsored two summer undergraduate research programs. Here we describe these programs and efforts to build a cohesive research cohort among the programs' diverse participants. The two programs, the Stanford School of Earth Sciences Undergraduate Research (SESUR) Program and Stanford School of Earth Sciences Summer Undergraduate Research in Geoscience and Engineering (SURGE) Program, serve different undergraduate populations and have somewhat different objectives, but both provide students with opportunities to work on strongly mentored yet individualized research projects. In addition to research, enrichment activities co-sponsored by both programs support the development of community within the combined SES summer undergraduate research cohort. Over the course of 6 to 9 months, the SESUR Program engages Stanford undergraduates, primarily rising sophomores and juniors, with opportunities to deeply explore Earth sciences research while learning about diverse areas of inquiry within SES. Now in its eleventh year, the SESUR experience incorporates the breadth of the scientific endeavor: finding an advisor, proposal writing, obtaining funding, conducting research, and presenting results. Goals of the SESUR program include (1) providing a challenging and rewarding research experience for undergraduates who wish to explore the Earth sciences; (2) fostering interdisciplinary study in the Earth sciences among the undergraduate population; and (3) encouraging students to major or minor in the Earth sciences and/or to complete advanced undergraduate research in one of the departments or programs within SES. The SURGE Program, now in its second year, draws high performing students, primarily rising juniors and seniors, from 14 colleges and universities nationwide, including Stanford. Seventy percent of SURGE students are from racial/ethnic backgrounds underrepresented in STEM fields, and approximately one

  16. Understanding of Statistical Terms Routinely Used in Presentations: A Survey among Residents who participate at a Summer School

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cosmina-Ioana BONDOR

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Aim: The aim of our study was to investigate the understanding of statistical terms commonly used in lectures presented at summer schools for residents and young specialists. Material and Method: A survey was distributed to all the participants at the “Diabetic neuropathy from theory to practice” Summer School, 2014. The program was addressed to residents or young specialists in diabetes, neurology, surgery, and orthopedic from Romania. The survey consists of 6 multiple-choice questions and the first four questions evaluate the understanding of statistical terms. Results: There were 51 (42.5% participants who completed the questionnaires. From 204 total questions 81 (39.7% had correct answers. At the question 1, where relative risk was evaluated, only 3 (5.9% respondents answered correctly while at the question 2 (number need to treat about 78.4% (40 of answers were correct. At the question 3 (sensitivity, 22 (43.1% respondents answer correct while at the question 4 (Receiver Operating Characteristic curves only 16 (31.4% respondents provided a correct answer. The overall mean score of correct answers was 1.56±0.91. Conclusion: Our study showed that young specialists who participated to the survey were not familiarized with simple statistical terms commonly used in presentations.

  17. Theoretical Physics to Face the Challenge of LHC : Lecture Notes of the Les Houches Summer School : 97th Session

    CERN Document Server

    Benakli, Karim; Douglas, Michael R; Mansoulie, Bruno; Rabinovici, Eliezer; Cugliandolo, Leticia F

    2015-01-01

    This book is based on lectures at the Les Houches Summer School held in August 2011 for an audience of advanced graduate students and postdoctoral fellows in particle physics, theoretical physics, and cosmology—areas where new experimental results were on the verge of being discovered at CERN. The school was held during a summer of great anticipation that at any moment contact might be made with the most recent theories of the nature of the fundamental forces and the structure of spacetime. In fact, during the session, the long anticipated discovery of the Higgs particle was announced. The book vividly describes the creative diversity and tension within the community of theoreticians who have split into several components—those doing phenomenology and those dealing with highly theoretical problems—with a few trying to bridge both domains. The theoreticians covered many directions in the theory of elementary particles, from classics such as the supersymmetric Standard Model to very recent ideas such as t...

  18. THE ROLE OF PROFESSIONAL LANGUAGE SUMMER SCHOOLS IN THE CONTEXT OF INFORMAL EDUCATION OF RUSSIAN UNIVERSITY STUDENTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irina Igorevna Kruze

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The article highlights the role of Russian-Austrian Summer Language Schools as an informal component in the system of professional language training for future specialists in the field of law. The possibility to join the double diploma program in the frame of academic mobility which is successfully realized in the Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (PFUR since the Russian Federation joined the Bologna process implies that each student should develop an individual educational trajectory. It enables students to set concrete objectives of the training, to control the training stages, to introduce the necessary corrections, to assess objectively the achieved results and to support the concept of the modern educational paradigm “from learning for life to lifelong learning”. The examples given in the article prove the potential of Summer Language Schools for future lawyers enhancing their responsibility for the results of the educational activity, their selfassessment based on individual significant criteria, motivating the learners to build up their competencies of team activities on the principles of mutual respect and understanding.

  19. Histerosonografía experiencia en el Hospital Universitario de Santander Hysterosonography experience in University Hospital of Santander

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Janer Sepúlveda Agudelo

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: La histerosonografía consiste en la evaluación por ultrasonido de la cavidad uterina después de la insuflación de solución salina. La indicación más común de la histerosonografía es la hemorragia uterina anormal. Objetivo: Los objetivos del presente trabajo son describir los hallazgos de la histerosonografía durante el periodo estudiado en el Hospital Universitario de Santander e incentivar el uso de la histerosonografía en nuestro medio, mediante la enseñanza de la técnica a los nuevos profesionales de ginecología. Materiales y métodos: Se realizó un estudio de serie de casos con pacientes programadas para histerosonografía en el Hospital Universitario de Santander entre Febrero de 2007 y Junio de 2008, a quienes se les evaluó la cavidad uterina mediante histerosonografía, presentando una modificación a la técnica. Las variables a medir son la edad, indicación de histerosonografía, hallazgos intracavitarios, efectos secundarios. Resultados: Las indicaciones de histerosonografía fueron: Hemorragia uterina anormal 43,3%, miomatosis uterina 21,6%, lesión endometrial tipo pólipo 27,0%, infertilidad 5,4% y anomalías müllerianas 2,7%. Los hallazgos intracavitarios más comunes: Histerosonografía Normal 51,4%, pólipo endometrial 32,4% y mioma submucoso 16,2%. Se presentó como efectos secundarios dolor pélvico, episodio de lipotimia y sangrado genital moderado sin compromiso hemodinámico. Conclusión: La histerosonografía es un procedimiento seguro que permite una evaluación de la cavidad uterina, sin efectos secundarios importantes como lo demuestra nuestra experiencia. La modificación a la técnica puede evitar la incomodidad de la paciente, al realizar en una sola ocasión la introducción del transductor transvaginal, pero requiere de estudios aleatorizados controlados para confirmar esta aseveración. Salud UIS 2010; 42: 256-260Introduction: Sonohysterography is an ultrasound evaluation of the

  20. A European Collaborative EO Summer School for the Education of Undergraduate and Masters Level Students- FORMAT-EO

    Science.gov (United States)

    Graves, Rosemarie; Remedios, John; Tramutoli, Valerio; Gil, Artur; Cuca, Branka

    2014-05-01

    An Erasmus intensive programme has been successfully funded to run a Europe-lead summer school in Earth Observation for the years 2013 and 2014. The summer school, FORMAT-EO (FORmation of Multi-disciplinary Approaches to Training in Earth Observation) has been proposed and implemented by a consortium of eight partner institutions from five European countries. The consortium was facilitated through the NEREUS network. In the summer of 2013, 21 students from seven European institutions took part in the two week intensive course which involved a total of 28 teachers from six institutions. Students were from a variety of backgrounds including aeronautical engineering MSc students and PhD students in the areas of marine biology, earthquake engineering and measurement of trace gases in the atmosphere. The aims of FORMAT-EO were: To give students exposure to the wider applications of Earth Observation To highlight the interdisciplinary, collaborative and international nature of Earth Observation To offer an intensive course to better equip students with specialist skills required for a career in this field To provide expert advice on the development of careers in the EO market Partners were invited not only to recruit students for the course but to also teach at the school based on their specific area of expertise. This approach to the teaching provided a timetable which was wide-ranging and covered topics from EU policies for Earth Observation to fire detection from space and an introduction to interaction between radiation and matter. An important aspect of the course was the interactive nature of much of the teaching. A topic was introduced to the students through a lecture followed by an interactive tutorial providing students with hands-on experience of working with EO data and specialist software. The final days of the summer school were spent on group project work which required students to use all of the skills that they acquired during the course to challenge a

  1. School year versus summer differences in child weight gain: A narrative review

    Science.gov (United States)

    The causes of the current high prevalence of overweight and obesity among children are not clearly known. Schools have been implicated in the causal chain to high child obesity prevalence. Recent studies have compared school year versus summertime changes (herein called seasonal differences) in chil...

  2. Intertidal finger bars at El Puntal, Bay of Santander, Spain: observation and forcing analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pellón, E.; Garnier, R.; Medina, R.

    2014-06-01

    A system of 15 small-scale finger bars has been observed, by using video imagery, between 23 June 2008 and 2 June 2010. The bar system is located in the intertidal zone of the swell-protected beaches of El Puntal Spit, in the Bay of Santander (northern coast of Spain). The bars appear on a planar beach (slope = 0.015) with fine, uniform sand (D50 = 0.27 mm) and extend 600 m alongshore. The cross-shore span of the bars is determined by the tidal horizontal excursion (between 70 and 130 m). They have an oblique orientation with respect to the low-tide shoreline; specifically, they are down-current-oriented with respect to the dominant sand transport computed (mean angle of 26° from the shore normal). Their mean wavelength is 26 m and their amplitude varies between 10 and 20 cm. The full system slowly migrates to the east (sand transport direction) with a mean speed of 0.06 m day-1, a maximum speed in winter (up to 0.15 m day-1) and a minimum speed in summer. An episode of merging has been identified as bars with larger wavelength seem to migrate more slowly than shorter bars. The wind blows predominantly from the west, generating waves that transport sediment across the bars during high-tide periods. This is the main candidate to explain the eastward migration of the system. In particular, the wind can generate waves of up to 20 cm (root-mean-squared wave height) over a fetch that can reach 4.5 km at high tide. The astronomical tide seems to be important in the bar dynamics, as the tidal level changes the fetch and also determines the time of exposure of the bars to the surf-zone waves and currents. Furthermore, the river discharge could act as input of suspended sediment in the bar system and play a role in the bar dynamics.

  3. 20{sup th} Frederic Joliot/Otto Hahn Summer School on nuclear reactors 'physics, fuels and systems'

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sanchez-Espinoza, V.H. [Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen (Germany). Inst. for Neutron Physics and Reactor Technology (INR)

    2014-12-15

    This year, the 20{sup th} anniversary of the Frederic Joliot/Otto Hahn Summer School was celebrated in Aix-en-Provence, France from August 20{sup th} to 29{sup th} 2014. The topic was 'Nuclear reactors - bridging the gap between science and industry'. This summer school is organized by the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) and the Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique (CEA) since twenty years. Experts from internationally recognized organizations (Universities, research centres, regulators, industry) from USA, Japan, Asia and Europe presented during the 10 days of sessions the newest trends and challenges on the related fields.

  4. A Summer Math and Physics Program for High School Students: Student Performance and Lessons Learned in the Second Year

    Science.gov (United States)

    Timme, Nicholas; Baird, Michael; Bennett, Jake; Fry, Jason; Garrison, Lance; Maltese, Adam

    2013-05-01

    For the past two years, the Foundations in Physics and Mathematics (FPM) summer program has been held at Indiana University in order to fulfill two goals: provide additional physics and mathematics instruction at the high school level, and provide physics graduate students with experience and autonomy in designing curricula and teaching courses. In this paper we will detail changes made to the program for its second year and the motivation for these changes, as well as implications for future iterations of the program. We gauge the impact of the changes on student performance using pre-/post-test scores, student evaluations, and anecdotal evidence. These data show that the program has a positive impact on student knowledge and this impact was greater in magnitude in the second year of the program. We attribute this improvement primarily to the inclusion of more inquiry-driven activities. All activities, worksheets, and lesson plans used in the program are available online.

  5. Lectures given at the C.I.M.E. Summer School

    CERN Document Server

    Gastaldi, Lucia

    2008-01-01

    Since the early 70's, mixed finite elements have been the object of a wide and deep study by the mathematical and engineering communities. The fundamental role of this method for many application fields has been worldwide recognized and its use has been introduced in several commercial codes. An important feature of mixed finite elements is the interplay between theory and application. Discretization spaces for mixed schemes require suitable compatibilities, so that simple minded approximations generally do not work and the design of appropriate stabilizations gives rise to challenging mathematical problems. This volume collects the lecture notes of a C.I.M.E. course held in Summer 2006, when some of the most world recognized experts in the field reviewed the rigorous setting of mixed finite elements and revisited it after more than 30 years of practice. Applications, in this volume, range from traditional ones, like fluid-dynamics or elasticity, to more recent and active fields, like electromagnetism.

  6. Interpretive video analyses of children's inquiry: Fantasy and other emergent contexts at a summer science camp for elementary school children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beck, Diana Pyse

    This study looks at learning contexts and the kinds of learning events that evolve out of a particular context. A former teacher and teacher educator spent several weeks each summer for three years at a Summer Science Camp (SSC) for children. The camp was designed to promote inquiry in science learning for both teachers and the young elementary school-age campers. For this study a group of four children was video taped and observed for two weeks during one of the summers. Using a constructivist approach, written transcripts, video tapes, and fieldnotes were subjected to several methods of analysis to develop an understanding of how the children worked together and apart during this time. Various constructs developed from data gathered in other summers were used to help develop an understanding of the events of the two weeks. Several new constructs for investigating children's learning in science are proposed in this study, including a construct or a unit of study for analyzing children's learning called "spheres of activity." Examinations of spheres include looking at the commonalities expressed by the children included in a sphere. One of these is the way language is used by members of a sphere. Another is the development of fantasies within the sphere or the way fantasies develop out of the activities. This includes how individual children contribute to fantasy constructions and the role that the development of fantasies plays in the children's inquiries into the science phenomena under investigation. Further analysis is done on the deep structures of those fantasies. In addition, the way children use tasks or develop tasks out of the projects assigned by teachers is examined as are the kinds of relationships the children have with the phenomena under investigation. This study enlarges and expands, not only the ways of thinking about and looking at children's science investigations, but also the language we are then able to use when investigating and describing

  7. Justicia, abogados y criminalidad en Santander (1902-1930

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jairo Antonio Melo Flórez

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo aborda el problema de la reconstrucción del poder judicial en el departamento de Santander después de la Guerra de los Mil Días, y como este proceso se vio acompañado por una mayor formalización de la profesión de abogado, así como de una mayor atención al problema del aumento de la criminalidad en el departamento. Con esto se quiere brindar una perspectiva de los problemas que tuvieron los magistrados, jueces y abogados para administrar justicia de manera efectiva entre 1902 y 1930. Para ello, se revisaron fuentes publicadas por organismos judiciales, así como revistas y publicaciones de abogados jóvenes de la época, con las cuales se lograron evidenciar las intenciones y preocupaciones de los administradores y actores del poder judicial. Así pues, se hace posible evidenciar una crisis casi permanente en la administración de justicia y un sentimiento de indefensión por parte de los ciudadanos, especialmente de los habitantes de las aéreas rurales, ante un poder judicial con escasos recursos y administrado, en muchas ocasiones, por personal poco idóneo en el campo del derecho.

  8. Justicia, abogados y criminalidad en Santander (1902-1930

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jairo Antonio Melo Flórez

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo aborda el problema de la reconstrucción del poder judicial en el departamento de Santander después de la Guerra de los Mil Días, y como este proceso se vio acompañado por una mayor formalización de la profesión de abogado, así como de una mayor atención al problema del aumento de la criminalidad en el departamento. Con esto se quiere brindar una perspectiva de los problemas que tuvieron los magistrados, jueces y abogados para administrar justicia de manera efectiva entre 1902 y 1930. Para ello, se revisaron fuentes publicadas por organismos judiciales, así como revistas y publicaciones de abogados jóvenes de la época, con las cuales se lograron evidenciar las intenciones y preocupaciones de los administradores y actores del poder judicial. Así pues, se hace posible evidenciar una crisis casi permanente en la administración de justicia y un sentimiento de indefensión por parte de los ciudadanos, especialmente de los habitantes de las aéreas rurales, ante un poder judicial con escasos recursos y administrado, en muchas ocasiones, por personal poco idóneo en el campo del derecho.

  9. Summer Appendicitis

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    hanumantp

    diet, during summer months could be contribute to the higher incidence of appendicitis ... To examine the global trends in the seasonality of appendicitis, .... Iran. Summer. [11]. 1998-2004. 1331. Italy. Summer. [12]. 1991-1998. 65,675. Canada.

  10. The Influence of Science Summer Camp on African-American High School Students' Career Choices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhattacharyya, Sumita; Mead, Timothy P.; Nathaniel, Rajkumar

    2011-01-01

    This study explored if a weeklong science camp changed Louisiana African-American high school students' perception of science. A semi-structured survey was used before and after the camp to determine the changes in science attitudes and career choices. Among the perceived benefits were parental involvement, increased science academic ability, and…

  11. Results of Kinder Camp: Stovall-Shaw Elementary School, Summer 2001.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Irvine, David J.

    North Carolina's Kinder Camp is a 4-week program designed to prepare children for entry into kindergarten. All participants must have completed Project Family Read. A North Carolina elementary school measured the programs effectiveness by using the Cognitive/Language Profile of the American Guidance Service Early Screening Profiles as a pre- and…

  12. Pick it up with light! An advanced summer program for secondary school students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mathew, Manoj; Kumar, S. C.; Valencia, Alejandra; Volpe, Giorgio; Volpe, Giovanni; Carrasco, Silvia

    2014-07-01

    A project to introduce secondary school students to statistical physics and biophotonics by means of an optical tweezers is presented. Interestingly, the project is completely experimental and no advanced calculus or physics knowledge is necessary. The project starts from the construction of the optical tweezers itself and therefore is also useful to introduce basic concepts of optics.

  13. Summer Research Program (1992). High School Apprenticeship Program (HSAP) Reports. Volume 12. Armstrong Laboratory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-12-28

    1992. 1-15 THE STUDY OF GAS CROMATOGRAPHY : VOLATILE ORGANICS Esteban Arredondo Student Apprentice Volatile Organics Division Brackenridge High School...solve problems in the domain. Second, the system must be able to deduce a learner’s approximation of that knowledge. Third, the tutorial strategy must

  14. Preparation For Medical School via an Intensive Summer Program for Future Doctors: A Pilot Study of Student Confidence and Reasoning Skills

    Science.gov (United States)

    Musick, David W.; Ray, Richard H.

    2016-01-01

    A medical school conducted a summer pre-matriculation program. The program provided basic sciences content comparable to first year medical student instruction along with clinical and other learning experiences. The study purpose was to examine self-confidence levels and reasoning skills of a single cohort of students. We examined the association…

  15. School Counselors' Experiences with a Summer Group Curriculum for High-Potential Children from Low-Income Families: A Qualitative Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peterson, Jean Sunde

    2013-01-01

    School counselors facilitated group guidance for children from low-income families and assisted in classrooms with a full economic range during a summer academic program for young gifted children in order to increase knowledge about giftedness. This qualitative study explored how the counselors experienced being immersed with gifted children. The…

  16. School Counselors' Experiences with a Summer Group Curriculum for High-Potential Children from Low-Income Families: A Qualitative Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peterson, Jean Sunde

    2013-01-01

    School counselors facilitated group guidance for children from low-income families and assisted in classrooms with a full economic range during a summer academic program for young gifted children in order to increase knowledge about giftedness. This qualitative study explored how the counselors experienced being immersed with gifted children. The…

  17. NATO Advanced Study Institute on International Summer School on Chaotic Dynamics and Transport in Classical and Quantum Systems

    CERN Document Server

    Collet, P; Métens, S; Neishtadt, A; Zaslavsky, G; Chaotic Dynamics and Transport in Classical and Quantum Systems

    2005-01-01

    This book offers a modern updated review on the most important activities in today dynamical systems and statistical mechanics by some of the best experts in the domain. It gives a contemporary and pedagogical view on theories of classical and quantum chaos and complexity in hamiltonian and ergodic systems and their applications to anomalous transport in fluids, plasmas, oceans and atom-optic devices and to control of chaotic transport. The book is issued from lecture notes of the International Summer School on "Chaotic Dynamics and Transport in Classical and Quantum Systems" held in Cargèse (Corsica) 18th to the 30th August 2003. It reflects the spirit of the School to provide lectures at the post-doctoral level on basic concepts and tools. The first part concerns ergodicity and mixing, complexity and entropy functions, SRB measures, fractal dimensions and bifurcations in hamiltonian systems. Then, models of dynamical evolutions of transport processes in classical and quantum systems have been largely expla...

  18. 1991 Summer research program for high school juniors at the University of Rochester's Laboratory for Laser Energetics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Meyerhofer, David D.

    1991-09-01

    Ten students participated in the 1991 summer high school student research program at the University of Rochester's Laboratory for Laser Energetics (LLE). The participants spent 8 weeks working and learning at LLE. They spent most of their time working on individual research projects. Each student was assigned a project, upon which he/she worked under the direct supervision of one of the staff members of the laboratory. The students, their high schools, and their projects are listed in Table 1. The program culminated in oral and written reports describing their work. The oral reports were presented at a symposium on 23 August 1991, at which the student's parents and teachers and members of the LLE staff were present. The written reports are collected in this volume. The titles of the works are UV alignment table; neutron yields can be measured by using the relative gain of a photomultiplier tube; scattering in isotropic and anisotropic media; a better approximation of the diffusion equation; use of the SLAC code to produce a photoemissive electrostatic electron gun; spatial resolution deteriorates with increasing film exposure; analysis of refractive image distortion; making of pinholes for x-ray pinhole cameras; does perturbation theory accurately describe multiphoton ionization and wave front analysis using shearing interferometry.

  19. PREP Program: High school urban engineering technical progress report, Summer 1993

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1993-09-01

    The Urban Engineering Program at the New Jersey Institute of Technology which as its primary objective is to introduce the students to the excitement of science and engineering as potential career opportunities, and to encourage the youngsters to adequately prepare in high school and in college for such an attainable endeavor. Through the course work, workshops, projects, guest speakers, and laboratory experiences, the students are not only introduced to the problems in urban areas, but also are introduced to the tools and analysis available to solve such problems.

  20. USAF Summer Research Program - 1993 High School Apprenticeship Program Final Reports, Volume 15, Wright Laboratory

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-12-01

    North Jackson St. Vol-Page No: 16- 1 Tullahoma High School Tullahoma, TN 37388-0000 Bowlby , Andrea Laboratory: PL/GP Mudge Way Vol-Page No: 13- 1...product was printed out computers and I learned what having a full time job is and compiled in a binder. like. I also plotted several graphs for John ...Sikora Ray Fisher Scott Hamilton Larry Kretz Larry Marcum Doug Dolvin Ron Dittmer John Pappas Fred Hussong Joe Pokorski 17-14 THE EFFECTS OF MOISTURE ON

  1. Understanding Stress-Related Behavioral Phenotypes: Report from the 1st International Neuroscience Summer School and the 11th International “Stress and Behavior” Conference

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. L. LaPorte

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The 1st International Neuroscience Summer School and the 11th International Multidisciplinary Neuroscience and Biopsychiatry Conference on Stress and Behavior were held in St. Petersburg, Russia, during May 9–20, 2008. The summer school gathered 30 talented young scientists from 15 countries worldwide, and was dedicated to different topics of behavioral neuroscience. Many interactive courses were provided on neuropharmacology, animal phenotyping, and biopsychology. The conference's excellent scientific and social program attracted almost 500 delegates from 40 countries from many areas of stress research. The eclectic interaction between medical doctors, basic scientists, psychologists, and students made for a productive and collaborative environment, which contributed greatly to the success of the school and conference.

  2. Lectures given at the C.I.M.E.-E.M.S. Summer School

    CERN Document Server

    Back, Kerry; Hipp, Christian; Peng, Shige; Schachermayer, Walter

    2004-01-01

    This volume includes the five lecture courses given at the CIME-EMS School on "Stochastic Methods in Finance" held in Bressanone/Brixen, Italy 2003. It deals with innovative methods, mainly from stochastic analysis, that play a fundamental role in the mathematical modelling of finance and insurance: the theory of stochastic processes, optimal and stochastic control, stochastic differential equations, convex analysis and duality theory. Five topics are treated in detail: Utility maximization in incomplete markets; the theory of nonlinear expectations and its relationship with the theory of risk measures in a dynamic setting; credit risk modelling; the interplay between finance and insurance; incomplete information in the context of economic equilibrium and insider trading.

  3. Summer Migrant Education Administrative Manual.

    Science.gov (United States)

    North Carolina State Dept. of Public Instruction, Raleigh.

    This manual helps local education agencies (LEAs) create and develop summer school programs for children of migrant workers in North Carolina. It includes models for summer programs in music, art, vocational education, reading, language arts and math. The manual includes sections on financing, planning, student transportation, summer lunch…

  4. REGISTRO DE CINCO ESPECIES DE AVES POCO CONOCIDAS PARA NORTE DE SANTANDER, COLOMBIA Five Bird Species Poorly Known for Norte de Santander, Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    LUIS ORLANDO ARMESTO

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Registramos cinco especies de aves poco conocidas para la región con base en observaciones realizadas en el área urbana de Cúcuta (departamento de Norte de Santander, Colombia. Dos de ellas son migratorias neárticas/neotropicales (Coccyzus americanus y Protonotaria citrea. Aunque cuatro especies ya habían sido recolectadas en Cúcuta, han pasado inadvertidas para esta región. Uno de los registros corresponde a la ampliación hacia el norte del área de distribución geográfica conocida para Paroaria nigrogenis.We report five bird species poorly known for Norte de Santander based on observations in the urban area of the city of Cúcuta (department of Norte de Santander, Colombia. Two are nearctic/neotropical migratory birds (Coccyzus americanus and Protonotaria citrea. Although four species had been collected before in Cúcuta, their report has remained unnoticed. We record the geographical range extension for Paroaria nigrogenis to the north of its currently known distribution.

  5. Hongos basidiomycetes: una contribución al conocimiento de 14 generos en norte de santander

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nancy Jackeline Sanchez-Sandoval

    2006-07-01

    Full Text Available In this article 14 genera of Basidiomycetes are reported tor Norte de Santander Department. These genera belong to 10 families and 5 orders: Agaricales, Boletales, Schizophyllales, Polyporales and Lycoperdales. The last order belongs to Gasteromycetes. The study was done in Chinócota county, during the years 2003-2004.

  6. Study of the organic material in peat formations in Puerto de Tornos (Santander)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lobo, M.C.; Almendrus, G.; Dorado, E.; Polo, A.

    1985-01-01

    Different hydrophysical, agrochemical and biochemical features in a raised peat from Puerto de Tornos (Santander, Northern Spain) have been described. Correlations and affinities among data were studied in seven peat horizons. The studied peat was constituted by the alternance of humic and sapric layers, showing a very high content in extractable humic substances, and a low proportion of exchangeable cations, mainly in deeper layers.

  7. Argus: An Io observer mission concept study from the 2014 NASA/JPL Planetary Science Summer School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hays, L. E.; Holstein-Rathlou, C.; Becerra, P.; Basu, K.; Davis, B.; Fox, V. K.; Herman, J. F. C.; Hughes, A. C. G.; Keane, J. T.; Marcucci, E.; Mendez-Ramos, E.; Nelessen, A.; Neveu, M.; Parrish, N. L.; Scheinberg, A. L.; Wrobel, J. S.

    2014-12-01

    Jupiter's satellite Io represents the ideal target for studying extreme tidal heating and volcanism, two of the most important processes in the formation and evolution of planetary bodies. The 2011 Planetary Decadal Survey identified an Io Observer as a high-priority New Frontiers class mission to be considered for the decade 2013-2022. In response to the 2009 New Frontiers Announcement of Opportunity, we propose a mission concept for an Io Observer mission, named Argus (after the mythical watchman of Io), developed by the students of the August 2014 session of the Planetary Science Summer School hosted by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, together with JPL's Team X. The goals of our mission are: (i) Study the effects of tidal heating and its implications for habitability in the Solar System and beyond; (ii) Investigate active lava flows on Io as an analog for early Earth; (iii) Analyze the interaction of Io with the Jovian system through material exchange and magnetospheric activity; (iv) Study the internal structure of Io, as well as its chemical and tectonic history in order to gain insight into its formation and that of the other Galilean satellites.

  8. Career and Workforce Impacts of the NASA Planetary Science Summer School: TEAM X model 1999-2015

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lowes, Leslie L.; Budney, Charles; Mitchell, Karl; Wessen, Alice; JPL Education Office, JPL Team X

    2016-10-01

    Sponsored by NASA's Planetary Science Division, and managed by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL), the Planetary Science Summer School prepares the next generation of engineers and scientists to participate in future solar system exploration missions. PSSS utilizes JPL's emerging concurrent mission design "Team X" as mentors. With this model, participants learn the mission life cycle, roles of scientists and engineers in a mission environment, mission design interconnectedness and trade-offs, and the importance of teamwork. Applicants are sought who have a strong interest and experience in careers in planetary exploration, and who are science and engineering post-docs, recent PhDs, doctoral or graduate students, and faculty teaching such students. An overview of the program will be presented, along with results of a diversity study conducted in fall 2015 to assess the gender and ethnic diversity of participants since 1999. PSSS seeks to have a positive influence on participants' career choice and career progress, and to help feed the employment pipeline for NASA, aerospace, and related academia. Results will also be presented of an online search that located alumni in fall 2015 related to their current occupations (primarily through LinkedIn and university and corporate websites), as well as a 2015 survey of alumni.

  9. RU SciTech: Weaving Astronomy and Physics into a University-sponsored Summer Camp for Middle School Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hart, Quyen N.

    2015-01-01

    We present a successful model for organizing a small University-sponsored summer camp that integrates astronomy and physics content with other science disciplines and computer programming content. The aim of our science and technology camp is to engage middle school students in a wide array of critical thinking tasks and hands-on activities centered on science and technology. Additionally, our program seeks to increase and maintain STEM interest among children, particularly in under-represented populations (e.g., Hispanic, African-American, women, and lower socioeconomic individuals) with hopes of decreasing disparities in diversity across many STEM fields.During this four-day camp, organized and facilitated by faculty volunteers, activities rotated through many STEM modules, including optics, telescopes, circuit building, computer hardware, and programming. Specifically, we scaffold camp activities to build upon similar ideas and content if possible. Using knowledge and skills gained through the AAS Astronomy Ambassadors program, we were able to integrate several astronomy activities into the camp, leading students through engaging activities, and conduct educational research. We present best practices on piloting a similar program in a university environment, our efforts to connect the learning outcomes common across all the modules, specifically in astronomy and physics, outline future camp activities, and the survey results on the impact of camp activities on attitudes toward science, technology, and science careers.

  10. Mission to the Trojan Asteroids: lessons learned during a JPL Planetary Science Summer School mission design exercise

    CERN Document Server

    Diniega, Serina; Balcerski, Jeffrey; Carande, Bryce; Diaz-Silva, Ricardo A; Fraeman, Abigail A; Guzewich, Scott D; Hudson, Jennifer; Nahm, Amanda L; Potter-McIntyre, Sally; Route, Matthew; Urban, Kevin D; Vasisht, Soumya; Benneke, Bjoern; Gil, Stephanie; Livi, Roberto; Williams, Brian; Budney, Charles J; Lowes, Leslie L; 10.1016/j.pss.2012.11.011

    2013-01-01

    The 2013 Planetary Science Decadal Survey identified a detailed investigation of the Trojan asteroids occupying Jupiter's L4 and L5 Lagrange points as a priority for future NASA missions. Observing these asteroids and measuring their physical characteristics and composition would aid in identification of their source and provide answers about their likely impact history and evolution, thus yielding information about the makeup and dynamics of the early Solar System. We present a conceptual design for a mission to the Jovian Trojan asteroids: the Trojan ASteroid Tour, Exploration, and Rendezvous (TASTER) mission, that is consistent with the NASA New Frontiers candidate mission recommended by the Decadal Survey and the final result of the 2011 NASA-JPL Planetary Science Summer School. Our proposed mission includes visits to two Trojans in the L4 population: a 500 km altitude fly-by of 1999 XS143, followed by a rendezvous with and detailed observations of 911 Agamemnon at orbital altitudes of 1000 - 100 km over ...

  11. Preliminary Outcomes from a Week-Long Environmental Engineering Summer Camp for High School Female Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balasubramanian, S.; Koloutsou-Vakakis, S.

    2014-12-01

    There is a need for environment engineers and sustainability managers to address global environmental, energy and health challenges. Environmental literacy programs at K-12 level provide a unique opportunity in motivating young minds in joining STEM and also provide additional value in learning about "saving planet earth". The Women in Engineering at the University of Illinois organize an annual week long camp, for female high school students with tracks corresponding to different fields of Engineering. The Environmental Engineering and Sustainability (EES) track is organized by faculty and graduate students of the Civil and Environmental Engineering department and introduces students to concepts in sustainability and systems thinking in connection with air and water quality, climate change and renewable energy. This study is a preliminary assessment of the relevance of the EES outreach track conducted in July 2014 in student learning. Specific goals include assessing (a) demographics of participants and their motivation to join this camp, (b) educational and enjoyability quotients of the modules and (c) learning and motivational outcomes using the Likert scale. A pre-camp survey indicated keen interest in learning about environmental engineering (4.56/5.0) and expected this camp to be a venue to learn about related career choices (4.9/5.0). Five days of instruction were divided thematically and included a mix of lectures, activity based learning, demonstrations and field visits. Overall modules were rated as educational (4.4/5.0) and enjoyable (4.5/5.0). Modules with hands-on learning were best received (4.67/5.0) and rated unique (4.7/5.0). Post camp, participants acknowledged the important contribution of environmental engineers to society (4.8/5.0) and could relate the different modules to the role engineer's play (4.06/5.0) for sustainability. On an average, the participants evinced interest in engineering as a career choice (4.0/5.0) but there was a broader

  12. INNOVATION: A NECESSARY PROCESS FOR SMALL AND MEDIUM COMPANIES OF SAN JOSE DE CUCUTA MUNICIPALITY, NORTE DE SANTANDER (COLOMBIA)

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    William R Avendaño C

    2012-01-01

      AVENDANO C., William R.. INNOVATION: A NECESSARY PROCESS FOR SMALL AND MEDIUM COMPANIES OF SAN JOSE DE CUCUTA MUNICIPALITY, NORTE DE SANTANDER (COLOMBIA). Semest. Econ. [online]. 2012, vol.15, n.31, pp. 187-208. ISSN 0120-6346...

  13. 'Proteomic basics--sample preparation and separation': the 1st European Summer School in Kloster Neustift, 12-18 August, 2007 Brixen/Bressanone, South Tyrol, Italy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marcus, Katrin; Kühn-Hölsken, Eva; Schmidt, Carla; Schulenborg, Thomas; Urlaub, Henning

    2008-01-01

    Proteomics is rapidly developing into a routine approach for protein analysis in many laboratories. The series of European-wide Summer Schools 'Proteomics Basics' (http://www.proteomic-basics.eu/) aims at teaching of comprehensive knowledge in proteomics research and applied technologies for master and graduate students and postdocs currently moving into the field of proteomic research. In the next 3 years the series will cover the theoretical basis of the fundamental topics in the various areas of proteomic analysis, i.e. sample preparation and handling, mass spectrometry, post-translational modifications and quantitation given by leading experts in the field. This summer school series embodies a unique advantage in comparison with conventional scientific meetings and university curricula: internationally renowned experts will give a detailed perspective view of the fundamentals of their particular proteome research area, something which is usually not encountered at conferences and congresses. Here, we give a report on the first European Summer School 'Sample Preparation and Handling' within the series 'Proteomic Basics' that was held at the monastery in Neustift close to Bressanone/Brixen, Italy from August 12 to 18, 2007.

  14. Replicating the Moderating Role of Income Status on Summer School Effects across Subject Areas: A Meta-Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quinn, David M.; Lynch, Kathleen; Kim, James S.

    2014-01-01

    The finding that academic summer programs are effective for low income students has been replicated across meta-analytic reviews. However, these reviews have yielded contradictory evidence about whether summer programs are more effective for lower- or higher-income students. This discrepancy may be due to income-based differences in the summer…

  15. The Impact of E-Education on At Risk High School Students' Science Achievement and Experiences during Summer School Credit Recovery Courses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Phillips, Pamela Prevette

    Nationally, at risk students make up to 30% of U.S. students in public schools. Many at risk students have poor attendance, are disengaged from the learning environment and have low academic achievement. Educational failure occurs when students do not complete the required courses and as a result do not receive a high school diploma or a certificate of attendance. Many at risk students will not graduate; nearly one-third of all United States high school students have left the public school system before graduating, which has been referred to as a national crisis. Many at risk students fail science courses that are required for graduation, such as biology. Clearly, many students are not responding positively to the conditions in many public school classrooms, suggesting the need for different methods of educating at risk students, such as e-education. Three research questions guided the study: 1) Who are the students in an e-education, online summer school credit recovery course? 2) Do students' beliefs about their learning environment or other personal factors influence their academic achievement?, and 3) How do students describe their experiences of an e-education science course? This mixed methods study investigates thirty-two at risk students who were enrolled in one of three e-education science education courses (biology, earth science, and physical science) during a summer session in a rural county in a southeastern US state. These students failed their most recent science course taken in a traditional classroom setting. Artino's (2010) social-cognitive model of academic motivation and emotion was used as a theoretical framework to highlight the salient motivational factors toward learning science (e.g., task characteristics, task value beliefs, positive emotions). Student data included pre and post tests for all e-education lessons, a final exam, survey data (Students Motivation towards Science Learning (SMTSL), time (on task and idle), field notes, and

  16. Indian Summer

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Galindo, E. [Sho-Ban High School, Fort Hall, ID (United States)

    1997-08-01

    This paper focuses on preserving and strengthening two resources culturally and socially important to the Shoshone-Bannock Indian Tribe on the Fort Hall Reservation in Idaho; their young people and the Pacific-Northwest Salmon. After learning that salmon were not returning in significant numbers to ancestral fishing waters at headwater spawning sites, tribal youth wanted to know why. As a result, the Indian Summer project was conceived to give Shoshone-Bannock High School students the opportunity to develop hands-on, workable solutions to improve future Indian fishing and help make the river healthy again. The project goals were to increase the number of fry introduced into the streams, teach the Shoshone-Bannock students how to use scientific methodologies, and get students, parents, community members, and Indian and non-Indian mentors excited about learning. The students chose an egg incubation experiment to help increase self-sustaining, natural production of steelhead trout, and formulated and carried out a three step plan to increase the hatch-rate of steelhead trout in Idaho waters. With the help of local companies, governmental agencies, scientists, and mentors students have been able to meet their project goals, and at the same time, have learned how to use scientific methods to solve real life problems, how to return what they have used to the water and land, and how to have fun and enjoy life while learning.

  17. CIME Summer School

    CERN Document Server

    Burger, Martin; Osher, Stanley; Rumpf, Martin

    2013-01-01

    This book takes readers on a tour through modern methods in image analysis and reconstruction based on level set and PDE techniques, the major focus being on morphological and geometric structures in images. The aspects covered include edge-sharpening image reconstruction and denoising, segmentation and shape analysis in images, and image matching. For each, the lecture notes provide insights into the basic analysis of modern variational and PDE-based techniques, as well as computational aspects and applications.

  18. Riesgo ergonómico en empresas artesanales del sector de la manufactura, Santander. Colombia Ergonomic risk craft enterprises manufacturing sector, Santander. Colombia

    OpenAIRE

    Claudia Patricia Ardila Jaimes; Reynaldo Mauricio Rodríguez

    2013-01-01

    Introducción: Es importante reconocer que algunas profesiones del ramo de la manufactura no tienen de manera estandarizada programas en ergonomía, por lo tanto se requiere reconocer dichas limitaciones, las cuales podrían desencadenar en patologías musculares, altos índices de ausentismo y disminución en la productividad. Objetivos: Determinar el perfil de riesgo ergonómico de las empresas artesanales de tabaco y joyería de la región de Santander, Colombia en el año 2010. Materiales y métodos...

  19. Institución Educativa Técnica Francisco de Paula Santander de Galapa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karolina Avendaño Sánchez

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available La finalidad de este ensayo consiste en dar cuenta de datos significativos para conocer los hechos históricos que permitieron el surgimiento de la Institución Educativa Técnica Francisco de Paula Santander de Galapa (Colombia y, a través de estos, entender los elementos pedagógicos, curriculares, administrativos y locativos que la conforman en la actualidad. De esta manera será posible afrontar acertadamente los acontecimientos venideros.AbstractThis essay aims to report those meaningful data which allows us to have an insight into the historical facts that have led to the creation of the Technical Educational Institution Francisco de Paula Santander from Galapa; and through them, understand those pedagogical, curricular, administrative and locative elements which are made up of nowadays. In this way, it will be possible to face accurately the oncoming happenings.

  20. Denali Geographic 2012 : A University led scientific field experience for High School students at the Alaska Summer Research Academy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shipman, J. S.; Webley, P. W.; Burke, S.; Chebul, E.; Dempsey, A.; Hastings, H.; Terry, R.; Drake, J.

    2012-12-01

    The Alaska Summer Research Academy (ASRA) annually provides the opportunity for ~150 exceptional high school students to engage in scientific exploration at the university level. In July 2012, University of Alaska Fairbanks instructors led a two-week long ASRA module, called 'Denali Geographic', where eight student participants from across the USA and Canada learned how to observe changes in the natural world and design their own experiments for a field expedition to Denali National Park and Preserve, with assistance from the National Park Service. Each student designed an experiment/observational project prior to the expedition to investigate changes across the expanse of the park. Projects included wildlife documentation; scat and track observations; soil ph and moisture with elevation and vegetation changes; wildflowers species distribution; waterborne insect populations; atmospheric pressure and temperature variations; construction of sustainable buildings to minimize human impact on the park; and park geology comparisons between outcrop and distal stream deposits. The students learned how to design experiments, purchase supplies needed to conduct the work, and select good locations in which to sample in the park. Students used equipment such as GPS to mark field locations; a range finder to determine distance from wildlife; a hygrometer for temperature and pressure; nets and sorting equipments to analyze insects; and the preparation of Plaster of Paris for creating casts of animal tracks. All observations were documented in their field notebooks and blog entries made to share their experiences. Day excursions as part of the module included Poker Flats Research Range, where students learned about the use of unmanned aerial vehicles in scientific exploration; Alaska Volcano Observatory, where students learned about volcanic hazards in Alaska and the North Pacific; Chena Hot Springs and the Ice Museum, where students learned about thermal imaging using a Forward

  1. Argus: A concept study for an Io observer mission from the 2014 NASA/JPL Planetary Science Summer School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Becerra, Patricio; Holstein-Rathlou, Christina; Hays, Lindsay E.; Keane, James T.; Neveu, Marc; Basu, Ko; Davis, Byron; Mendez-Ramos, Eugina; Nelessen, Adam; Fox, Valerie; Herman, Jonathan F.; Parrish, Nathan L.; Hughes, Andrea C.; Marcucci, Emma; Scheinberg, Aaron; Wrobel, Jonathan S.

    2014-11-01

    Jupiter’s moon Io is the ideal target to study extreme tidal heating and volcanism, two major processes shaping the formation and evolution of planetary bodies. In response to the 2009 New Frontiers Announcement of Opportunity, we propose an Io Observer mission concept named Argus (after the mythical watchman of Io). This concept was developed by the students of the August 2014 session of NASA’s Planetary Science Summer School, together with the Jet Propulsion Laboratory’s Team X.The science objectives of our mission are: (1) study the physical process of tidal heating and its implications for habitability in the Solar System and beyond; (2) investigate active lava flows on Io as an analog for volcanism on early Earth; (3) analyze the interaction between Io and the Jovian system via material exchange and magnetospheric activity; (4) study Io’s chemistry and geologic history to gain insight into the formation and evolution of the Galilean satellites. Our mission consists of a Jupiter-orbiting spacecraft performing ten close flybys of Io. The orbital inclination of ~31 degrees minimizes the total radiation dose received, at the cost of having to perform fast flybys (13 km/s).The instrument payload includes: (1) IGLOO, a multi-band camera for regional (500 m/pixel) and high-resolution (50 m/pixel) imaging; (2) IoLA, a laser altimeter to measure the triaxial shape and diurnal tidal deformation, and topographic profiles of individual surface features; (3) IGNITERS, a thermal emission radiometer/spectrometer to map nighttime temperatures, thermal inertia, and characterize Io’s atmosphere; (4) IoNIS, a near-infrared spectrometer to map global (10 km/pixel) and local (2 km/pixel) surface composition; (5) IoFLEX, a magnetometer and (6) IoPEX, a plasma particle analyzer to characterize the magnetic environment and understand the nature of Io’s induced and possible intrinsic magnetic fields; (7) IRAGE, a gravity science experiment to probe Io’s interior

  2. Books for Summer Reading.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Phi Delta Kappan, 1996

    1996-01-01

    Suggests several novels for educators' summer reading enjoyment, including classics by Robert Pirsig, Robertson Davies, John Steinbeck, Albert Camus, and Charles Dickens. Educators might also read Alex Kotlowitz's "There Are No Children Here" (Doubleday, 1991) and Sharon Quint's "Schooling Homeless Children" (Teachers College Press, 1994) to gain…

  3. Summer Learning That Sticks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Browne, Daniel

    2017-01-01

    A new RAND Corporation study shows that voluntary summer programs can benefit children from low-income families, particularly those with high attendance. Programs studied in five school districts had several elements in common: a mix of academics and enrichment activities, certified teachers, small class sizes, full-day programming provided five…

  4. Summer Learning That Sticks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Browne, Daniel

    2017-01-01

    A new RAND Corporation study shows that voluntary summer programs can benefit children from low-income families, particularly those with high attendance. Programs studied in five school districts had several elements in common: a mix of academics and enrichment activities, certified teachers, small class sizes, full-day programming provided five…

  5. Summer Vacation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张鲁静

    2008-01-01

    @@ For teachers: Summer Camp in the USA by Jerilyn Watson Millions of American children attend all kinds of summer camps.Some play sports.Others make music,learn to use a computer or take part in other activities.Traditional American summer camps offer young people a chance to play many sports.These camps may be in the mountains.Or they may be in the woods,or at a lake.Other camps teach activities like painting or music.Or they teach computer programming or foreign languages.Children at all kinds of camps meet new friends.They learn new skills and develop independence.

  6. Diagnóstico de la logística del carbón en Norte de Santander

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Enrique Rodríguez-Guevara

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: The participation of Colombian coal in the international market has depended and will depend primarily on price to compete with other potential international suppliers, if the strategy is not changed to compete. Therefore one of the most important factors to consider has to do with the cost of logistics operation, in the case of Norte de Santander. Objective: The main objective of this project is to make the diagnosis of coal logistics operation in Northern Santander. Methods: Basically the methodology used was the application of polls leading experts and entrepreneurs exporters of coal in Norte de Santander. Results: One of the most important aspects that mitigate the possibility of capturing value in foreign trade are high costs in logistics operation. The identified problem occurs in the absence of studies to characterize the international physical distribution of coal in Norte de Santander, the most representative for extraction Municipalities sector. Conclusions: Finally the internationalization of the economy requires productive sectors, to shift from comparative advantages to competitive advantages. These are needed to tap international markets, however, strategic sectors for its potential reserves and features of your product, as the coal sector in Norte de Santander, not yet consolidated elements for their use.

  7. Scientists from all over the world attend the ''Frederic Joliot/Otto Hahn Summer School 2009'' at the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT); Wissenschaftler aus aller Welt bei der ''Frederic Joliot/Otto Hahn Summer School 2009'' am Karlsruhe Institute of Technologie (KIT)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sanchez Espinoza, Victor Hugo; Fischer, Ulrich [Karlsruhe Inst. of Tech. (KIT), Campus Nord/Inst. for Neutron Physics and Reactor Tech. (INR), Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen (Germany)

    2009-11-15

    The ''Frederic Joliot/Otto Hahn Summer School'' is organized each year alternately by the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology and the Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique (CEA), Cadarache. This year's Summer School, the 15th since its foundation, was run at the Advanced Training Center (FTU) of KIT Campus Nord on August 26 to September 4. The key topic this year was ''The Challenges in Implementing Fast Reactor Technology.'' These are the items discussed: Principles and challenges of future fast reactor designs, Fuels, fuel cycle, and recycling of minor actinides, Innovative cladding tube and structural materials, Special aspects of coolants and the challenges they pose, Fast reactor safety. Experts from 8 leading international research establishments and universities presented and discussed with the 58 participants from 16 countries the current state of the art and the latest development trends in the topics listed above. (orig.)

  8. Treatment-Resistant Depressed Youth Show a Higher Response Rate If Treatment Ends during Summer School Break

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shamseddeen, Wael; Clarke, Gregory; Wagner, Karen Dineen; Ryan, Neal D.; Birmaher, Boris; Emslie, Graham; Asarnow, Joan Rosenbaum; Porta, Giovanna; Mayes, Taryn; Keller, Martin B.; Brent, David A.

    2011-01-01

    Objective: There is little work on the effect of school on response to treatment of depression, with available research suggesting that children and adolescents with school difficulties are less likely to respond to fluoxetine compared with those with no school difficulties. Method: Depressed adolescents in the Treatment of Resistant Depression in…

  9. Treatment-Resistant Depressed Youth Show a Higher Response Rate If Treatment Ends during Summer School Break

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shamseddeen, Wael; Clarke, Gregory; Wagner, Karen Dineen; Ryan, Neal D.; Birmaher, Boris; Emslie, Graham; Asarnow, Joan Rosenbaum; Porta, Giovanna; Mayes, Taryn; Keller, Martin B.; Brent, David A.

    2011-01-01

    Objective: There is little work on the effect of school on response to treatment of depression, with available research suggesting that children and adolescents with school difficulties are less likely to respond to fluoxetine compared with those with no school difficulties. Method: Depressed adolescents in the Treatment of Resistant Depression in…

  10. Impact of Intensive Summer Reading Intervention for Children with Reading Disabilities and Difficulties in Early Elementary School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Christodoulou, Joanna A.; Cyr, Abigail; Murtagh, Jack; Chang, Patricia; Lin, Jiayi; Guarino, Anthony J.; Hook, Pamela; Gabrieli, John D. E.

    2017-01-01

    Efficacy of an intensive reading intervention implemented during the nonacademic summer was evaluated in children with reading disabilities or difficulties (RD). Students (ages 6-9) were randomly assigned to receive Lindamood-Bell's "Seeing Stars" program (n = 23) as an intervention or to a waiting-list control group (n = 24). Analysis…

  11. Scientists and professionals from all around the world in Karlsruhe. Frederic Joliot/Otto Hahn summer school 2013 on nuclear reactors 'Physics, Fuels and Systems'

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sanchez-Espinoza, V.H.; Fischer, U. [Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen (Germany). Scientific Secretariat FJOHSS

    2014-02-15

    Every 2 years the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) organizes the Frederic Joliot/Otto Hahn (FJOH) Summer School together with the Commissariat a l'-Energie Atomique (CEA) since 1999. In 2013, the FJOH Summer School took place in Karlsruhe from 21 to 30 August. The topic of this year's school was 'Advanced Nuclear Systems with Transuranium Fuels'. Experts from internationally well recognized research institutions and Universities from USA, Japan, Asia and Europe gave lectures about the current status and trends on the related fields. (orig.)

  12. Report of the Preservation Management Summer School Held at The Public Record Office and The British Library, 19th-23rd July 1999

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mirjam M. Foot

    1999-05-01

    Full Text Available In July 1999 (19th-23rd one of the first comprehensive summer schools to be organised in the UK on preservation management was held at The Public Record Office, Kew and The British Library, St Pancras, London. Organised by The Public Record Office (PRO and The Ligue des Bibliothèques Européennes de Recherche (LIBER in conjunction with The British Library (BL, The European Commission on Preservation & Access (ECPA, University College London (UCL and the International Council on Archive (ICA, the goal of the Summer School was to introduce key elements of preservation management to archivists and librarians in middle managerial positions, and to give participants practical insights to the problems that arise and the possible solutions, thereby helping delegates to develop and plan preservation policy and practice for their own organisations. In a wider context the aim was to initiate and establish training specific to the requirements of institutions in the increasingly specialist field of preservation management.

  13. Cartografía geológica del área de san andrés, santander

    OpenAIRE

    Cetina-Tarazona, Lina M; Cetina-Tarazona, María A.; Patiño-Sanabria, Hugo A.

    2012-01-01

    Lina M. Cetina-Tarazona, María A. Cetina-Tarazona & Hugo A. Patiño-Sanabria(no suministraron datos adicionales) Se realizó un trabajo de campo en el área del Municipio de San Andrés, Santander, ubicado en el flanco oriental del Macizo de Santander correspondiente al cuadrángulo H-13 y plancha 121 III D, con el objetivo de caracterizar geológicamente el área mediante toma de datos, panorámicas, descripción detallada de afloramientos y literatura existente de la zona, para finalmente contex...

  14. Summer School organized by the International Centre for Theoretical Physics, Trieste, and the Institute for Information Sciences, University of Tübingen

    CERN Document Server

    Güttinger, Werner; Cin, Mario

    1974-01-01

    This volume is the record and product of the Summer School on the Physics and Mathematics of the Nervous System, held at the International Centre for Theoretical Physics in Trieste from August 21-31, 1973, and jointly organized by the Institute for Information Sciences, University of Tlibingen and by the Centre. The school served to bring biologists, physicists and mathemati­ cians together to exchange ideas about the nervous system and brain, and also to introduce young scientists to the field. The program, attended by more than a hundred scientists, was interdisciplinary both in character and participation. The primary support for the school was provided by the Volkswagen Foundation of West Germany. We are particularly indebted to Drs. G. Gambke, M. -L Zarnitz, and H. Penschuck of the Foundation for their in­ terest in and help with the project. The school also received major support from the International Centre for Theoretical Physics in Trieste and its sponsoring agencies, including the use of its exce...

  15. La criminalidad durante el dominio del radicalismo en el Estado Soberano de Santander (1863-1878

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gloria Constanza Rey Vera

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available En el presente artículo se analiza la criminalidad como fenómeno soci al concreto en el Estado Soberano de Santander durante el dominio del liberalismo radi cal. Las fuentes son fundamentalmente primarias: la Gaceta de Santander, legislación, documentos oficiales y expedien tes criminales. Santander como “laboratorio” del liberalismo radical se caracterizó du rante esta época por los profundos cambios en el sistema penal, un catalogo poco extenso de conductas punibles, el juzgamiento pronto y la suavidad de las penas. La criminalidad de este periodo no fue muy alta, a pesar de las difíciles condiciones socio económicas y políticas vividas. Los delitos más cometidos en estos años fueron aquellos contra la integridad física, la vida y la propiedad. Los distritos con una tasa de criminalidad más alta fueron Piedecuesta, Málaga, Concepción y Socorro y los de más baja San Gil y Vélez. La mayoría de los delincuentes provenían de los sectores más pobres de la sociedad: jornaleros y artesanos, jóvenes y analfabetas. En este periodo se delinearon las líneas pr incipales de lo que podría llamarse una incipiente política criminal basada en medidas preventivas como la instrucción popular y medidas represivas como la legislativa, la judicial, la policial y carcelaria.

  16. La cultura tradicional cántabra en la ciudad de Santander (1918-1931)

    OpenAIRE

    Lobete López, Daniel

    2012-01-01

    Trabajo de fin de Máster. Hace un acercamiento a la cultura tradicional cántabra que se desarrolla en la ciudad de Santander. Así mismo analiza las transformaciones que se están produciendo por el desarrollo de diversos fenómenos, entre los que se puede destacar la consolidación y expansión de la moderna cultura de masas. En el trabajo se tratan diversos elementos de la cultura tradicional, desde las fiestas populares (de barrio, patronales, carnaval etc) a las agrupaciones corales, los ritua...

  17. Characterization of hybrid lighting systems of the Electrical Engineering Building in the Industrial University of Santander

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galvis, D.; Exposito, C.; Osma, G.; Amado, L.; Ordóñez, G.

    2016-07-01

    This paper presents an analysis of hybrid lighting systems of Electrical Engineering Building in the Industrial University of Santander, which is a pilot of green building for warm- tropical conditions. Analysis of lighting performance of inner spaces is based on lighting curves obtained from characterization of daylighting systems of these spaces. A computation tool was made in Excel-Visual Basic to simulate the behaviour of artificial lighting system considering artificial control system, user behaviour and solar condition. Also, this tool allows to estimate the electrical energy consumption of the lighting system for a day, a month and a year.

  18. Diversidad y composición de la familia boraginaceae en el departamento de santander (colombia)

    OpenAIRE

    BARAJAS-MENESES, FABIOLA; Fernández-Alonso, José Luis; GALINDO-TARAZONA, ROBINSON

    2012-01-01

    Se presenta una sinopsis comentada de la familia Boraginaceae para el departamento de Santander (Colombia), que incluye claves para géneros y especies, nomenclatura actualizada e información sobre distribución geográfica y altitudinal de las especies. Además se incluyen observaciones taxonómicas y corológicas críticas e información ocasional sobre nombres vernáculos y usos conocidos para estas plantas en el departamento. En total se registran 38 especies pertenecientes a ocho géneros, tres de...

  19. Barremiano inferior en la base de la formación paja, barichara, santander - colombia

    OpenAIRE

    Patarroyo, Pedro

    2012-01-01

    Se da a conocer la distribución vertical de amonitas, dentro de los 10 m más bajos de la base de la Formación Paja, en cercanías a Barichara (Santander-Colombia).  Allí, se recuperaron Nicklesia nolani (Nickles) , Nicklesia sp., Nicklesia didayana didayana Bürgl, Nicklesia didayana multifida Bürgi, Nicklesia dumasiana (Orbigny), Valdedorsella sp., Pseudohaploceras incertumRiedel y Karsteniceras sp., cuya asociación representa el Barremiano inferior.

  20. Valores en los estudiantes de enfermería de la universidad de santander

    OpenAIRE

    Myriam Durán Parra

    2014-01-01

    El trabajo tuvo como propósito validar el instrumento de valores de J. L.Valdez, "Los valores éticos en adolescentes mexicanos". A la vez, se buscó describir los valores en estudiantes de enfermería de la Universidad de Santander. Se trató de un estudio metodológico correlacional, realizado en tres fases: la primera, consistió en una revisión documental y conceptual sobre ética y valores; la segunda, determinó la validez y confiabilidad del instrumento de J. L.Valdez; y en la tercera fase se ...

  1. Automatização de Tarefas em VBA: Projeto no Santander Totta

    OpenAIRE

    Santos, Joana Filipa de Nóbrega

    2015-01-01

    Projeto apresentado para cumprimento dos requisitos necessários à obtenção do grau de Mestre em Sistemas de Informação Organizacionais Este projeto foi desenvolvido no Santander Totta, mais propriamente na Divisão de Controlo de Custos (DCC) que faz parte da Direção de Controlo de Gestão (DCG) com o intuito de automatizar tarefas repetitivas. O projeto permitiu à mestranda elaborar um relatório com o objetivo de concluir o Mestrado em Sistemas de Informação Organizacionais (MSIO), possi...

  2. Movilidad estudiantil en la subregión fronteriza Táchira-Norte de Santander

    OpenAIRE

    Jorge Matajira; Eimer Barajas

    2011-01-01

    Este trabajo muestra los resultados del proyecto “Movilidad estudiantil en la subregión fronteriza Táchira - Norte de Santander: Hacia la construcción de una política pública educativa”, financiado por la Escuela Superior de Administración Pública ESAP. La problemática de la investigación indaga la movilidad estudiantil que por múltiples factores, afecta y vulnera el derecho a la educación en esta área geográfica. El objetivo propuesto busca comprender la dinámica de la movilidad estudiantil ...

  3. Thermochronology and tectonics of the Mérida Andes and the Santander Massif, NW South America

    Science.gov (United States)

    van der Lelij, Roelant; Spikings, Richard; Mora, Andrés

    2016-04-01

    New apatite U-Pb and multiphase 40Ar/39Ar data constrain the high to medium temperature (~ 500 °C-~ 300 °C) thermal histories of igneous and metamorphic rocks exposed in the Mérida Andes of Venezuela, and new apatite and zircon fission track data constrain the ~ 500 °C-~ 60 °C thermal histories of pre-Jurassic igneous and metamorphic rocks of the adjacent Santander Massif of Colombia. Computed thermal history envelopes using apatite U-Pb dates and grain size information from an Early Palaeozoic granodiorite in the Mérida Andes suggest that it cooled from > 500 °C to histories. The generally accepted timing of amalgamation of Pangaea along the Ouachita-Marathon suture pre-dates Late Permian to Triassic cooling recorded in basement rocks of the Mérida Andes by > 30 Ma, and its effect on rocks preserved in north-western South America is unknown. We interpret late Permian to Triassic cooling in the Mérida Andes to be driven by exhumation. Previous studies have suggested that a short phase of shortening and anatexis is recorded at ~ 253 Ma in the Maya Block, which may have been adjacent to the basement rocks of the Mérida Andes in the Late Permian. The coeval onset of exhumation in the Mérida Andes may be a result of increased coupling in the magmatic arc, which was located along the western margin of Pangaea. Triassic extension is documented in the Central Cordillera of Colombia and Ecuador between ~ 240 Ma and ~ 215 Ma, although extension at this time has not been clearly identified in the Mérida Andes or the Santander Massif. Permian to Triassic cooling is not recorded in the structurally isolated Caparo Block in the southern Mérida Andes, suggesting that it may have constituted a distinct fault block in the Triassic. New fission track data from the Santander Massif suggest that it started exhuming at ~ 40 Ma during a period of accelerated convergence between the Nazca/Farallòn Plate and the western margin of South America. Exhumation in the Santander

  4. Underrepresented minority high school and college students report STEM-pipeline sustaining gains after participating in the Loma Linda University Summer Health Disparities Research Program.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lorena M Salto

    Full Text Available An urgent need exists for graduate and professional schools to establish evidence-based STEM (science, technology, engineering, and math pipeline programs to increase the diversity of the biomedical workforce. An untapped yet promising pool of willing participants are capable high school students that have a strong STEM interest but may lack the skills and the guided mentoring needed to succeed in competitive STEM fields. This study evaluates and compares the impact of the Loma Linda University (LLU Summer Health Disparities Research Program on high school (HS and undergraduate (UG student participants. The primary focus of our summer research experience (SRE is to enhance the research self-efficacy of the participants by actively involving them in a research project and by providing the students with personalized mentoring and targeted career development activities, including education on health disparities. The results of our study show that our SRE influenced terminal degree intent and increased participant willingness to incorporate research into future careers for both the HS and the UG groups. The quantitative data shows that both the HS and the UG participants reported large, statistically significant gains in self-assessed research skills and research self-efficacy. Both participant groups identified the hands-on research and the mentor experience as the most valuable aspects of our SRE and reported increased science skills, increased confidence in science ability and increased motivation and affirmation to pursue a science career. The follow-up data indicates that 67% of the HS participants and 90% of the UG participants graduated from college with a STEM degree; for those who enrolled in graduate education, 61% and 43% enrolled in LLU, respectively. We conclude that structured SREs can be highly effective STEM strengthening interventions for both UG and HS students and may be a way to measurably increase institutional and biomedical

  5. Industrial Applications of solar Chemistry. Lectures from the summer school at the Plataforma Solar de Almeria. Solar Thermal Energy: The Clean Way to Generate Electricity and Produce Chemical. Training and Mobility of Researchers Programme. Almeria, 21-25 September, 1998

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-07-01

    A Summer School entitled Solar Thermal Energy: The Clean Way to Generate Electricity and Produce Chemicals consisting of two one-week courses, was held at the Plataforma Solar de Almeria (PSA) in July and September, 1998. The first was called Solar Thermal Electricity Generation and the second. Industrial Applications of Solar Chemistry. Through both topics concerned the use of solar light as the energy source and the courses were organised within one. Summer School, they clearly cover very different disciplines and it therefore makes sense to publish course materials separately. This volume is a compilation of the lectures given in the course on Electricity Generation. (Author)

  6. Percepción de habitantes del Norte de Santander sobre limitaciones del buen gobierno

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neida Coromoto Albornoz Arias

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo analiza la percepción de habitantes del Norte de Santander (Colombia sobre limitaciones del buen gobierno. Se consideran dos elementos del nuevo paradigma de gestión pública, propuestos por el Fondo de las Naciones Unidas para el Desarrollo y el Banco Mundial: ausencia de corrupción y confianza en las instituciones públicas (de todas las ramas del poder, en los ámbitos nacional, departamental y municipal. La percepción de los ciudadanos se obtuvo a través de la aplicación de una encuesta a una muestra para poblaciones finitas de 2.398 personas con edades entre 18 y 69 años, en los cuarenta municipios del Departamento. Existe una marcada percepción de corrupción y desconfianza en las instituciones públicas del Norte de Santander. Esto incide en la credibilidad ciudadana y trae consigo carencias para la existencia de un buen gobierno. En este sentido es fundamental la definición de estrategias para fomentar la participación ciudadana, acompañadas de políticas anticorrupción para la existencia de un buen gobierno.

  7. Mutagenic and genotoxic activity of particulate matter MP2,5, in Pamplona, North Santander, Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martínez Montañez, Mónica Liseth

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To study the mutagenic and genotoxic activities of particulate material (MP2,5 collected in Pamplona, Norte de Santander, Colombia.Materials and methods: MP2,5 was monitored by means of a Partisol 2025 sequential air sampler with Plus Palmflex quartz filters. The latter were subjected to two extraction procedures: Soxhlet extraction using dichloromethane-acetone; and ultrasonic extraction using dichloromethane, acetone and dichloromethane/ acetone mix. The mutagenic and genotoxic activities were determined for each extract.Results: This is the first study conducted in Colombia that reports the mutagenic and genotoxic activities associated with particulate matter (MP2,5 taken from vehicular emissions in Pamplona, Norte de Santander. The mutagenic assay determined by the Ames test using Salmonella typhimurium strains TA98 and TA100 showed a high direct mutagenic activity in the analyzed extracts. On the other hand, the genotoxic activity, determined by means of the comet assay, was high too.Conclusion: Particulate material (MP2,5 present in air samples in Pamplona (northeastern Colombia is a risk factor for the exposed population because it can directly induce mutations and also cause genotoxic damage.

  8. ANÁLISIS DE LA LOGÍSTICA DEL CARBÓN EN NORTE DE SANTANDER

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Enrique Rodríguez Guevara

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Dentro del análisis logístico de la cadena del carbón en Norte de Santander, se resaltar un informe inicial de la industria del carbón a nivel mundial, donde se describen las actividades que componen la cadena logística en Colombia, información que permitirá analizar cuál es el comportamiento del departamento norte de Santander con respecto a los principales departamentos de este sector minero a nivel nacional. El estudio muestra como las ventajas comparativas en cuanto a las reservas, aún no se desarrolla en el sector ventajas competitivas en materia de logística, que permita mitigar los efectos de los bajos precios internacionales del carbón, y el desarrollo de un clúster encadenado tanto con productores, proveedores, comercializadores, transportadores, sector público, que aporten a la cadena de creación y captura de valor en los mercados internacionales, y su aporte al desarrollo regional fronterizo.

  9. Apoyo social y conductas sexuales de riesgo en adolescentes del municipio de Lebrija-Santander

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Linda Teresa Orcasita

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Social support and at risk sexual behavior in adolescents of Lebrija-SantanderThis study examined social support and sexual risk behavior in adolescents attending aneducational institution in the municipality of Lebrija Santander. The sample involves 359teenagers aged 12-18. This is a non-experimental descriptive-correlational study. Measures included a series of questionnaires, involving Risk Behavior Surveillance (YRBS, and the MOS Questionnaire Family APGAR. Results show that teens who started their sexual life, are at risk of sexual behaviors such as: non-condom use, alcohol consumption and the onset of sexual life at an early age. Also young people who have started their sexual life are those who perceive less emotional and instrumental support from their primary support network (family. It concludes on the need to strengthen support networks of adolescents, because they are directly related to sexual risk behavior is taken by people, is important to involve not only young people but also the involvement of parents, institutions education, teachers, among others, programs designed sexual and reproductive health for adolescents

  10. Movilidad estudiantil en la subregión fronteriza Táchira-Norte de Santander

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Matajira

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo muestra los resultados del proyecto “Movilidad estudiantil en la subregión fronteriza Táchira - Norte de Santander: Hacia la construcción de una política pública educativa”, financiado por la Escuela Superior de Administración Pública ESAP. La problemática de la investigación indaga la movilidad estudiantil que por múltiples factores, afecta y vulnera el derecho a la educación en esta área geográfica. El objetivo propuesto busca comprender la dinámica de la movilidad estudiantil en el eje Táchira-Norte de Santander, para generar propuestas que fortalezcan una política educativa fundamentada en la condición de frontera y de integración binacional. La investigación muestra un diagnóstico, a partir de una metodología cuanticualitativa, con fuentes estadísticas, institucionales y trabajo de campo. Entre los hallazgos está, el uso consuetudinario de la doble identidad, como medio para saltar los requerimientos oficiales de inmigración, y acceder así a la educación, hecho que posteriormente se convierte en obstáculo de la misma movilidad estudiantil.

  11. The effect of a county's public high school summer remediation program on student gains on end-of-course standard of learning tests in Algebra I, Biology, Chemistry, Geometry and World History and Geography II

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aiken, Brenda L.

    The Commonwealth of Virginia requires high school students to receive a passing grade in core courses and a passing score on End-of-Course Standards of Learning (EOC SOL) tests to receive verified credits that lead to a Virginia high school diploma. These tests are believed to accurately reflect what students should know and be able to do in order to experience success in their endeavors beyond high school. For some students remediation is required to experience success on EOC SOL tests. This study sought to determine the effect of a County's public high school summer remediation program on student gains on EOC SOL tests in Algebra I, Biology, Chemistry, Geometry, and World History and Geography II. Specifically, the purpose of the study sought to determine the following: (a) If significant gains were made by students who attended the summer remediation program; (b) If significant gains were made by students who did not attend the summer remediation program; (c) If there were differences in gain scores of students who attended and those who did not attend the summer remediation program; and (d) If there were differences in gain scores among students who attended the summer remediation program related to school site, gender, ethnicity, learning ability group, socioeconomic status, and level of English proficiency. The results of the study indicate that students who attended and those who did not attend the summer remediation program made significant gains. However, the gains for students who attended the summer remediation program were significantly greater than the gains made by students who did not attend. The study also found that there were no significant differences in gain scores among students who attended the summer remediation program related to gender, ethnicity, learning ability group, socioeconomic status, and level of English proficiency. There were significant differences in Algebra I gain scores related to school site. Recommendations for

  12. Investigation of Wave Height Reduction behind the Wave Dragon Wave Energy Converters and Application in Santander, Spain

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nørgaard, Jørgen Quvang Harck; Andersen, Thomas Lykke

    power along the shorelines in Santander Bay is reduced by approximately 50% when using the farm layout of that provides the best overall compromise between coastal protection and electricity production. Moreover, it is concluded that a farm of devices can be modelled with good accuracy using...

  13. THE ROLE OF ENVIRONMENTALEDUCATION IN GAINING ENVIRONMENTAL AWARENESS FOR ELEMENTARY SCHOOL STUDENTS: THE SAMPLE OF ECOLOGY BASED SUMMER CAMP PROJECT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gökçe ASLAN

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available The century we live in, the environmental problems that arise in connection with the fast depletion of natural resources now show their effects globally. Especially after the Industrial Revolution, people were reduced the environmental values to vehicle position in their economically enrichment race and these values were used unconsciously and doomed to extinction. However, these people don’tknow that they have been chopping down their own branch with their unconcerned attitudes. Uninhibited global environmental problems threaten the future of humanity as a common concern of all people. For constructing a more healthy human-nature relationship, giving people environmental awareness through environmental education is required. Ecology Based Summer Camp Project which was held in 2011 in cooperation with Niğde University and TUBITAK can be given as anexample of awareness-raising activity. This and similar projects play a key role in overcoming many environmental problems by providing students and their teachers with environmental awareness.

  14. Intensity vs. Duration: Comparing the Effects of a Fluency-Based Reading Intervention Program, in After-School vs. Summer School Settings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Katzir, Tami; Goldberg, Alyssa; Aryeh, Terry Joffe Ben; Donnelley, Katharine; Wolf, Maryanne

    2013-01-01

    Two versions of RAVE-O, a fluency-based reading intervention were examined over a 2-intervention period: a 9-month, 44-hour afterschool intervention program, and a month long, 44-hour summer intervention program. 80 children in grades 1-3 were tested on the two subtests of the Test of Word-Reading Efficiency and were assigned to one of 6 groups…

  15. Teaching East Asia in Middle Schools: Lesson Plans Contributed at the 1998 East Asian Studies Center Summer Workshop.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Indiana Univ., Bloomington. East Asian Studies Center.

    This document contains five middle school lesson plans that teach about East Asia, focusing on Japan, China, and Korea. Lessons deal with geography, history, cultural comparisons, and trade relations. Lesson plans include background information, materials needed, extension and enrichment ideas, a lesson script, a rubric, a list of resources, and…

  16. Hernia diagfragmática congénita derecha en el Hospital Universitario de Santander Right congenital diaphragmatic hernia at the Hospital Universitario de Santander

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julio César Mantilla

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: La hernia diafragmática del lado derecho es una variable poco frecuente de los defectos congénitos diafragmáticos que permiten el paso del contenido abdominal a la cavidad torácica, causando graves trastornos en el desarrollo pulmonar fetal. Objetivo: Describir las características patológicas encontradas en la autopsia perinatal de un paciente con Hernia diafragmática congénita derecha en el Hospital Universitario de Santander. Caso clínico: Neonato de 35 semanas de gestación con diagnóstico prenatal de Hernia Diafragmática Congénita, quien fallece minutos después de su nacimiento debido a insuficiencia respiratoria aguda. En los hallazgos de autopsia se encuentra ausencia de la mayor parte del hemidiafragma derecho, herniación del contenido abdominal al tórax y una severa hipoplasia pulmonar. Conclusion: La Hernia diafragmática congénita del lado derecho se asocia con alta mortalidad neonatal y los hallazgos encontrados en el presente caso se correlacionan con los graves defectos estructurales pulmonares que se describen en otros casos reportados en la literatura. Salud UIS 2010; 42: 133-138Introduction: The congenital diaphragmatic hernia of the right side is the least common type of the congenital diaphragmatic defects which allows the passage of abdominal contents to the thoracic cavity, causing serious disorders on lung development. Objective: To describe the pathological features found in perinatal autopsy of a patient with Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia of the right side at the Hospital Universitario de Santander. Case report: 35 weeks gestation neonate with prenatal diagnosis of congenital diaphragmatic hernia, who died due to acute respiratory failure. In the autopsy be found a severe pulmonary hypoplasia and in the microscopic examination, the pulmonary alveoli collapsed. Conclusion: The congenital diaphragmatic hernia of the right side is associated with high neonatal mortality and the findings in

  17. 1991 Summer research program for high school juniors at the University of Rochester`s Laboratory for Laser Energetics. Student research reports

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1991-09-01

    Ten students participated in the 1991 summer high school student research program at the University of Rochester`s Laboratory for Laser Energetics (LLE). The participants spent 8 weeks working and learning at LLE. They spent most of their time working on individual research projects. Each student was assigned a project, upon which he/she worked under the direct supervision of one of the staff members of the laboratory. The students, their high schools, and their projects are listed in Table 1. The program culminated in oral and written reports describing their work. The oral reports were presented at a symposium on 23 August 1991, at which the student`s parents and teachers and members of the LLE staff were present. The written reports are collected in this volume. The titles of the works are UV alignment table; neutron yields can be measured by using the relative gain of a photomultiplier tube; scattering in isotropic and anisotropic media; a better approximation of the diffusion equation; use of the SLAC code to produce a photoemissive electrostatic electron gun; spatial resolution deteriorates with increasing film exposure; analysis of refractive image distortion; making of pinholes for x-ray pinhole cameras; does perturbation theory accurately describe multiphoton ionization? and wave front analysis using shearing interferometry.

  18. More than 70 years of continuous sea level records on the Santander Bay.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lavín, Alicia; Tel, Elena; Molinero, Joaquin; Rodriguez, Carmen

    2017-04-01

    The knowledge of sea level height is important for many different sectors as navigation, transport, building infrastructures, tourism, or maritime sports, between others. Tides are mainly composed of an astronomical part and a meteorological one. Sometimes, their joined action is the responsible of extreme behaviors in the sea level. Influence of pressure differences, as well as related winds, is important in the behavior of sea level to analyze. The first system for reading the sea level was a tide board attached at the pier. In Spain the first modern tide gauge was installed in the Port of Alicante, Mediterranean Sea, in 1873 depending of the National Geographic Institute (IGN). Just the following year, a similar tide gauge was installed at the entrance of the Santander Bay. "La Magdalena" tide gauge was working during two periods 1876-1928 and 1963-1975. Together with Cádiz, the IGN tide gauges were used to determinate the national datum for terrestrial cartography. The Spanish Institute of Oceanography (IEO) tide gauge network was initiated in 1943 with the installation of tide gauges along the Spanish coast. One of them was located in Santander and has been working since then. At the beginning it was a float tide gauge connected to a graphical continuous recorder. Nowadays, it also has a digital encoder and a remote connection that allow using the recorded data for operational purposes. Later a Radar system was added. This tide gauge is referred to the Tide Gauge Zero and also calibrated to a benchmark in order to have a unique reference. This high quality sea level information is required for international and regional research activities, as Global Sea Level Observing System (GLOSS). In particular, long time series are widely used for climate change detection. The sea level long term variability studies require a very good quality data focus in the reference of the data along the whole period and also it will be more precisely if we can remove the crustal

  19. Summer Students

    CERN Multimedia

    2005-01-01

    SUMMER STUDENT LECTURE PROGRAMME Main Auditorium, bldg. 500 DATE TIME LECTURER TITLE Wednesday 6 July 09:15 - 10:00 F. CERUTTI (CERN) Presentation of the Summer Student Programme D. Heagerty (CERN) Computer rules O. ULLALAND (CERN) Workshops presentation 10:15 - 11:00 D. SCHLATTER (CERN) Introduction to CERN 11:15 Film on CERN Thursday 7 July 09:15 - 11:00 L. Di Lella (CERN) Introduction to Particle Physics (1-2/4) 11:15 - 12:00 P. Chomaz (GANIL / CERN) Introduction to Nuclear Physics (1/3) 12:00 Discussion Session 14:00 - 14:45 M. Lindroos (CERN) ISOLDE Facility 15:00 M. Lindroos (CERN) ISOLDE Visit Friday 8 July 09:15 - 10:00 L. Di Lella (CERN) Introduction to Particle Physics (3/4) 10:15 - 11:00 P. Chomaz (GANIL / CERN) Introduction to Nuclear Physics (2/3) 11:15 - 12:00 G. ROLANDI (CERN) How an experiment is designed (1/2) 12:00 Discussion Session Monday 11 July 09:15 - 10:00 L. Di Lella (CERN) Introduction to Particle Physi...

  20. The Summer Treatment Program Meets the South Side of Chicago: Bridging Science and Service in Urban After-School Programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frazier, Stacy L; Chacko, Anil; Van Gessel, Christine; O'Boyle, Caroline; Pelham, William E

    2012-05-01

    BACKGROUND: This paper describes efforts to apply the principles and strategies of an empirically-supported treatment for children with disruptive behaviour problems to a park after-school program serving children in urban poverty. METHOD: Collaboration with staff proceeded in stages: (1) relationship building, needs assessment, and resource mapping; (2) intervention adaptation and implementation; and (3) implementation support, problem-solving, and sustainability. RESULTS: Four tools capitalised on inherent strengths of the parks, accommodated child and staff needs, and emerged as feasible and effective: Group Discussion, Good Behaviour Game, Peers as Leaders, and Good News Notes. CONCLUSIONS: Recreational settings offer opportunities for mental health promotion for children in urban poverty.

  1. Remains of early Ordovician mantle-derived magmatism in the Santander Massif (Colombian Eastern Cordillera)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mantilla Figueroa, Luis C.; Bissig, Thomas; Cottle, John M.; Hart, Craig J. R.

    2012-10-01

    An Early Ordovician magmatic event has been documented in the Santander Massif (north-Eastern Cordillera, Colombia). Three U/Pb laser ablation ages of 477 ± 2 Ma (Arenig), were obtained from metamorphosed and foliated calc-alkaline diorites. The 176Hf/177Hf values in zircons from these meta-diorites, yielded epsilon Hf values (ɛHft) > 0 (Mean = 2 ± 1, at 477 Ma). These data allow interpretation of the origin of these zircons from a radiogenic initial Hf isotope source, which is characteristic of the Earth's mantle. This, together with the fact that the rocks have been affected subsequently by tectonometamorphic processes, suggests that the early Ordovician diorites have been emplaced in a supra-subduction tectonic setting, related to onset of the Iapetus Ocean closure.

  2. Historia, Santander: El Suplicio de un Héroe Enfermedades del General.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hernando Forero Caballero

    2006-03-01

    Cuando Santander cumplió 30 años, el General Gómez Parra lo describió así: “Talla alta y erguida; tórax alto y prominente; brazos largos y membrudos de lucha y comando, rematan en unas manos blancas y robustas. Tenia ese porte homérico en que la fortaleza del cuerpo es fiel imagen del alma; el rostro convejo y alargado, de ángulos y perfiles suavemente perceptibles, estaba coronado por una frente generosa; las cejas rectas sombreaban unos ojos pequeños, acerados, vivaces y brillantes; la mirada serena, franca, dominadora, pero reservada y firme. LLa nariz recta y macedónica; la finura de los labios, de comisuras levantadas y la redondez del mentón; delgado el bigote a lo borbónico y un cabello negro y lacio realzaba la blancura del cutis sobre la gravedad del semblante”...

  3. VizieR Online Data Catalog: NGC 6302 CO emission SHAPE model (Santander-Garcia+, 2017)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santander-Garcia, M.; Bujarrabal, V.; Alcolea, J.; Castro-Carrizo, A.; Sanchez Contreras, C.; Quintana-Lacaci, G.; Corradi, R. L. M.; Neri, R.

    2016-08-01

    SHAPE model of the 12CO and 13CO J=3-2 emission o nebula NGC 6302, to be matched to ALMA observations as described in the paper. The file is intended to be loaded with SHAPE v5 (http://www.astrosen.unam.mx/shape/) and makes use of the SHAPEMOL plugin to achieve the radiative transfer in CO species (i.e. The CO data tables in http://www.astrosen.unam.mx/shape/v5/Downloads/SHAPE_INSTALLERS/index. html must be downloaded and pointed at within SHAPE). For additional details on how to work with SHAPE+SHAPEMOL, see Santander-Garcia et al. (2015, Cat. J/A+A/573/A56). (1 data file).

  4. Characterization of radial turbulent fluxes in the Santander linear plasma machine

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mier, J. A.; Sánchez, R.; Newman, D. E.; Castellanos, O. F.; Anabitarte, E.; Sentíes, J. M.; van Milligen, B. Ph.

    2014-05-01

    It is shown that the statistical and correlation properties of the local turbulent flux measured at different radial locations of the cold, weakly ionized plasmas inside the Santander Linear Plasma Machine [Castellanos et al., Plasma Phys. Control. Fusion 47, 2067 (2005)] are consistent with diffusive-like transport dynamics. This is in contrast to the dynamical behavior inferred from similar measurements taken in hotter, fully ionized tokamak and stellarator edge plasmas, in which long-term correlations and other features characteristic of complex, non-diffusive transport dynamics have been reported in the past. These results may shed some light on a recent controversy regarding the possible universality of the dynamics of turbulent transport in magnetized plasmas.

  5. Characterization of radial turbulent fluxes in the Santander linear plasma machine

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mier, J. A., E-mail: mierja@unican.es; Anabitarte, E.; Sentíes, J. M. [Departamento de Física Aplicada, Universidad de Cantabria, 39005 Santander (Spain); Sánchez, R. [Departamento de Física, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, 28911 Leganés, Madrid (Spain); Newman, D. E. [Department of Physics, University of Alaska, Fairbanks, Alaska 99775-5920 (United States); Castellanos, O. F. [Instituto de Hidráulica Ambiental, Universidad de Cantabria, 39005 Santander (Spain); Milligen, B. Ph. van [Laboratorio Nacional de Fusión, Asociación EURATOM-CIEMAT, 28040 Madrid (Spain)

    2014-05-15

    It is shown that the statistical and correlation properties of the local turbulent flux measured at different radial locations of the cold, weakly ionized plasmas inside the Santander Linear Plasma Machine [Castellanos et al., Plasma Phys. Control. Fusion 47, 2067 (2005)] are consistent with diffusive-like transport dynamics. This is in contrast to the dynamical behavior inferred from similar measurements taken in hotter, fully ionized tokamak and stellarator edge plasmas, in which long-term correlations and other features characteristic of complex, non-diffusive transport dynamics have been reported in the past. These results may shed some light on a recent controversy regarding the possible universality of the dynamics of turbulent transport in magnetized plasmas.

  6. Guarapo, champaña y vino blanco : presencia alemana en Santander en el siglo XIX

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel Garnica Martínez

    1992-01-01

    Full Text Available El territorio del actual departamento de Santander se pobló de manera tardía a finales de la Colonia, y la mayoría de sus ciudades fueron fundadas entre finales del siglo XVII y comienzos del XIX. En su territorio la población indígena fue aniquilada casi totalmente, y con la temprana abolición de la esclavitud no contó con una población negra capaz de dejar huella de su raza. Sus colonizadores fueron mayoritariamente españoles del norte, de la región de Burgos, gentes de costumbres austeras, de profunda religiosidad, con un alto sentido de la unidad familiar, sinceros en el trato, honrados, orgullosos de su raza hasta el punto de ser desconfiados con los extranjeros, de genio levantisco y pendenciero, individualistas y muy trabajadores.

  7. Apuntes acerca del aparato fiscal en el estado de Santander: aguardientes y clientelas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nectalí Ariza Ariza

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo trata aspectos del aparato fiscal agenciado por los liberales en el Estado de Santander durante la época federal (1857 – 1886 y de la realidad social que trasluce dicha fiscalidad. En ese tiempo los gravámenes no producían lo suficiente para cubrir los gastos de la administración y los liberales gobernaron con un constante déficit. Al indagar por las causas, entre otras aparecen: pobreza generalizada, inexistencia de cultura fiscal, incertidumbre acerca de los volúmenes de riqueza; además, los mecanismos de recaudo y gasto estaban mediados por un exacerbado clientelismo.

  8. Summer 2011

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eric G. Strauss

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Cities and the Environment Editor, Eric Strauss, provides an introduction to the Summer 2011 issue. He discusses the journal's transition to its new home at Loyola Marymount University and the creation of the Center for Urban Resilience and Ecological Solution, while underscoring highlights of the special topics section on Urban Predators. The contributors to this section participated in the International Symposium on Urban Wildlife and the Environment hosted by the Wildlife Society at the University of Massachusetts Amherst in June of 2009. Finally, Dr. Strauss notes the breadth of our issue by mentioning the additional articles' focus on rain gardens, water quality, arthropod diversity, green roofs, and socio-ecological dynamics.

  9. Lectures given at the C.I.M.-C.I.M.E. joint Euro-Summer School

    CERN Document Server

    Ambrosio, Luigi; Dziuk, Gerhard; Mimura, Masayasu; Solonnikov, Vsevolod A; Soner, Halil Mete

    2003-01-01

    Interfaces are geometrical objects modelling free or moving boundaries and arise in a wide range of phase change problems in physical and biological sciences, particularly in material technology and in dynamics of patterns. Especially in the end of last century, the study of evolving interfaces in a number of applied fields becomes increasingly important, so that the possibility of describing their dynamics through suitable mathematical models became one of the most challenging and interdisciplinary problems in applied mathematics. The 2000 Madeira school reported on mathematical advances in some theoretical, modelling and numerical issues concerned with dynamics of interfaces and free boundaries. Specifically, the five courses dealt with an assessment of recent results on the optimal transportation problem, the numerical approximation of moving fronts evolving by mean curvature, the dynamics of patterns and interfaces in some reaction-diffusion systems with chemical-biological applications, evolutionary free...

  10. Expression Rights of Public School Employees and Students. A Legal Memorandum: Quarterly Law Topics for School Leaders. Vol. 8, No. 4, Summer 2008

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCarthy, Martha

    2008-01-01

    What is the scope of First Amendment free expression rights of public school employees and students? Following a long period with no Supreme Court rulings pertaining to public employee or student speech, the Court since 2006 has delivered significant opinions in this regard. These decisions continue the trend of narrowing the circumstances under…

  11. Expression Rights of Public School Employees and Students. A Legal Memorandum: Quarterly Law Topics for School Leaders. Vol. 8, No. 4, Summer 2008

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCarthy, Martha

    2008-01-01

    What is the scope of First Amendment free expression rights of public school employees and students? Following a long period with no Supreme Court rulings pertaining to public employee or student speech, the Court since 2006 has delivered significant opinions in this regard. These decisions continue the trend of narrowing the circumstances under…

  12. Riesgo ergonómico en empresas artesanales del sector de la manufactura, Santander. Colombia Ergonomic risk craft enterprises manufacturing sector, Santander. Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudia Patricia Ardila Jaimes

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: Es importante reconocer que algunas profesiones del ramo de la manufactura no tienen de manera estandarizada programas en ergonomía, por lo tanto se requiere reconocer dichas limitaciones, las cuales podrían desencadenar en patologías musculares, altos índices de ausentismo y disminución en la productividad. Objetivos: Determinar el perfil de riesgo ergonómico de las empresas artesanales de tabaco y joyería de la región de Santander, Colombia en el año 2010. Materiales y métodos: Se trató de un estudio descriptivo de corte transversal donde la población encuestada fueron empresas del sector de la manufactura de los sub-sectores artesanales tabacalero y joyero. La unidad de análisis principal fue la empresa. Se diligenció un instrumento que identificaba rasgos de la cultura ergonómica de las empresas. Resultados: Se encuestaron 15 empresas tabacaleras y 10 joyeras. Las empresas no cuentan con políticas en salud ocupacional en 73% para el sector tabaco y en 80% para el sector joyero. En ambos sectores la repetitividad fue el factor ergonómico más prevalente con 80% y 36,4% respectivamente. A su vez, 60% de las empresas del tabaco tienen establecido la elaboración de rediseño de puesto de trabajo, en relación al 10% presentado por las empresas joyeras, finalmente en ambos sectores se encontró un porcentaje no superior al 13% sobre realización de capacitaciones sobre control de riesgos ergonómicos a sus trabajadores. Conclusiones: El perfil de riesgo ergonómico en el sector tabacalero y joyero artesanal se muestra incipiente, considerando estar influenciado por factores como desconocimiento del tema y falta de compromiso gerencial en la implementación de programas que ayuden a minimizar las enfermedades derivadas de las actividades que se desarrollan en cada uno de los sectores.Introduction: It is important to recognize that some professions the manufacturing industry have no standardized way in ergonomics

  13. Uso del imperfecto y pluscuamperfecto del subjuntivo entre estudiantes universitarios de Bilbao (País Vasco y Santander (Cantabria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Teresa Fernández Ulloa

    2000-09-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se estudia el uso del imperfecto y el pluscuamperfecto de subjuntivo y su sustitución por otras formas. Los datos se han extraído de un corpus de 103 tests realizados a alumnos de universidades de Bilbao y Santander y se han sometido a un análisis estadístico teniendo en cuenta las variables sexo, lugar y lengua (bilingüe o monolingüe. (This research analizes the use of imperfect and pluperfect of subjunctive and their substitution by another forms. Data have been extracted from a "corpus" of 103 tests obtained in Universities of Bilbao and Santander (Spain and three variables are taken into account in the statistical analysis: sex, place and language (monolingual and bilingual.

  14. Perfil del liderazgo político en Santander – Colombia (Avance de investigación

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lya Fernández de Mantilla

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available El departamento de Santander – Colombia se ha caracterizado históricamente por la conformación de liderazgos de orden político que han determinado en gran medida la vida política nacional. Sin embargo, los cambios, acaecidos con los modelos de descentralización, consolidados en la carta de 1991, transforman la actividad política y el juego por el poder en el ámbito local y regional. Las décadas ochenta y noventa marcaron un hito en la historia política de Santander como décadas de transición donde se consolidaron movimientos, grupos y facciones de los partidos tradicionales, Liberal y Conservador, liderados por figuras que alcanzaron representación nacional.

  15. Summer Students

    CERN Multimedia

    2005-01-01

    SUMMER STUDENT LECTURE PROGRAMME Main Auditorium, bldg. 500 DATE TIME LECTURER TITLE Monday 1 August 09:15 - 10:00 P. WELLS The Higgs Saga at LEP 10:15 - 11:00 E. KIRITSIS Beyond the Standard Model (1/4) 11:15 - 12:00 G. COWAN Introduction to Statistics (1/3) 12:00 Discussion Session Tuesday 2 August 09:15 - 11:00 E. KIRITSIS Beyond the Standard Model (2-3/4) 11:15 - 12:00 G. COWAN Introduction to Statistics (2/3) 12:00 Discussion Session Wednesday 3 August 09:15 - 10:00 G. COWAN Introduction to Statistics (3/3) 10:15 - 11:00 E. KIRITSIS Beyond the Standard Model (4/4) 11:15 - 12:00 K. JAKOBS Physics at Hadronic Colliders (1/4) 12:00 Discussion Session Thursday 4 August 09:15 - 11:00 K. JAKOBS Physics at Hadronic Colliders (2-3/4) 11:15 - 12:00 A. WEINSTEIN Gravitation Waves 12:00 Discussion Session 16:30 - 18:00 Poster Session Friday 5 August 09:15 - 11:00 A. Höcker CP Violation (1-2/4) 11:15 - 12:00 K. JA...

  16. Summer Students

    CERN Multimedia

    2005-01-01

    SUMMER STUDENT LECTURE PROGRAMME Main Auditorium, bldg. 500 Monday 8 August 09:15 - 10:00 A. Höcker CP Violation (3/4) 10:15 - 12:00 J-J. GOMEZ-CADENAS Neutrino Physics (1-2/4) 12:00 Discussion Session Tuesday 9 August 09:15 - 10:00 A. Höcker CP Violation (4/4) 10:15 - 11:00 J-J. GOMEZ-CADENAS Neutrino Physics (3/4) 11:15 - 12:00 F. GREY The GRID 12:00 Discussion Session 14:15 - 17:00 Student Sessions Wednesday 10 August 09:15 - 10:00 J-J. GOMEZ-CADENAS Neutrino Physics (4/4) 10:15 - 12:00 J. LESGOURGUES Introduction to Cosmology (1-2/5) 12:00 Discussion Session 14:15 - 17:00 Student Sessions Thursday 11 August 09:15 - 11:00 J. LESGOURGUES Introduction to Cosmology (3-4/5) 11:15 - 12:00 G. KALMUS The ILC Story 12:00 Discussion Session Friday 12 August 09:15 - 10:00 J. LESGOURGUES Introduction to Cosmology (5/5) 10:15 - 11:00 G. VENEZIANO String theory: has Einstein's dream come true? 11:00  Discussion...

  17. Summer Students

    CERN Multimedia

    2005-01-01

    SUMMER STUDENT LECTURE PROGRAMME Main Auditorium, bldg. 500 DATE TIME LECTURER TITLE Monday 18 July 09:15 - 11:00 G. ROSS Fundamental concepts in Particle Physics (1-2/6) 11:15 - 12:00 N. PALANQUE-DELABROUILLE Astroparticle Physics (1/3) 12:00 Discussion Session Tuesday 19 July 09:15 - 10:00 G. ROSS Fundamental concepts in Particle Physics (3/6) 10:15 - 12:00 N. PALANQUE-DELABROUILLE Astroparticle Physics (2-3/3) 12:00 Discussion Session Wednesday 20 July 09:15 - 10:00 G. ROSS Fundamental concepts in Particle Physics (4/6) 10:15 - 11:00 F. RADEMAKERS ROOT 11:15 - 12:00 L. ROSSI Super-conducting magnet technology for particle accelerators and detectors 12:00 Discussion Session Thursday 21 July 09:15 - 10:00 G. ROSS Fundamental concepts in Particle Physics (5/6) 10:15 - 12:00 C. DE LA TAILLE Introduction to Electronics (1-2/3) 12:00 Discussion Session Friday 22 July 09:15 - 10:00 C. DE LA TAILLE Introduction to Electronics (3/3) 10:15 -...

  18. Summer Students

    CERN Multimedia

    2005-01-01

    SUMMER STUDENT LECTURE PROGRAMME Main Auditorium, bldg. 500 DATE TIME LECTURER TITLE Monday 25 July 09:15 - 11:00 A. PICH The Standard Model (2-3/8) 11:15 - 12:00 J. STACHEL Quark Gluon Plasma Physics (1/3) 12:00 Discussion Session Tuesday 26 July 09:15 - 10:00 A. PICH The Standard Model (4/8) 10:15 - 12:00 J. STACHEL Quark Gluon Plasma Physics (2-3/3) 12:00 Discussion Session Wednesday 27 July 09:15 - 11:00 A. PICH The Standard Model (5-6/8) 11:15 - 12:00 J-P. DELAHAYE The CLIC Concept and Technology for an e+e-Collider at the Energy Frontier 11:15 - 12:00 Discussion Session Thursday 28 July 09:15 - 10:00 A. PICH The Standard Model (7/8) 10:15 - 11:00 P. SPHICAS Data Acquisition Systems (1/2) 11:15 - 12:00 R. JACOBSEN From Raw data to Physics Results (1/2) 12:00 Discussion Session Friday 29 July 09:15 - 10:00 A. PICH The Standard Model (8/8) 10:15 - 11:00 P. SPHICAS Data Acquisition Systems (2/2) 11:15 - 12:00 R. JACOBSEN Fr...

  19. Summer Students

    CERN Multimedia

    2005-01-01

    SUMMER STUDENT LECTURE PROGRAMME Main Auditorium, bldg. 500 DATE TIME LECTURER TITLE Monday 11 July 09:15 - 10:00 L. Di Lella (CERN) Introduction to Particle Physics (4/4) 10:15 - 11:00 P. Chomaz (GANIL / CERN) Introduction to Nuclear Physics (3/3) 11:15 - 12:00 G. ROLANDI (CERN) How an experiment is designed (2/2) 12:00 Discussion Session Tuesday 12 July  09:15 - 11:00 O. BrÜning (CERN) Accelerators (1-2/5) 11:15 - 12:00 O. ULLALAND (CERN) Detectors (1/5) 12:00 Discussion Session Wednesday 13 July 09:15 - 10:00 O. BrÜning (CERN) Accelerators (3/5) 10:15 - 11:00 R. LANDUA (CERN) Antimatter in the Lab (1/2) 11:15 - 12:00 O. ULLALAND (CERN) Detectors (2/5) 12:00 Discussion Session Thursday 14 July 09:15 - 10:00 O. ULLALAND (CERN) Detectors (3/5) 10:15 - 11:00 G. ROLANDI (CERN) Antimatter in the Lab (2/2) 11:15 - 12:00 O. BrÜning (CERN) Accelerators (4/5) 12:00 Discussion Session Friday 1...

  20. Corporate Governance and its discourse: study of a text of the Santander S.A.’s Sustainability Report

    OpenAIRE

    Marta Cardoso de Andrade; Hélder Uzêda Castro

    2016-01-01

    This article aims to study the discourse on corporate governance (CG) from the perspective of ethos (lexical route) and the enunciative situation explicited in a published text of a Sustainability Report of a publicly traded multinational, Santander. Theoretical assumptions of Corporate Sustainability, Corporate Governance, Corporate Communications, Rhetoric and Discourse Analysis of French line were addressed. The latter also constitutes the methodology used for the making of research. To un...

  1. A new interpretation for the garnet zoning in metapelitic rocks of the silgará formation, southwestern santander massif, colombia

    OpenAIRE

    Ríos Reyes Carlos Alberto; Castellanos Alarcón Oscar Mauricio; Takasu Akira

    2011-01-01

    A Barrovian sequence of the Silgará Formation at the southwestern Santander Massif, Colombian Andes, contains zoned garnets in which major and trace element zoning correlates with distribution of mineral inclusions, which may indicate that garnet growth rate varied through time and affected both composition and texture ofgarnets, although different garnet producing reactions have also played an important role in the chemical zoning of garent. However, a local metasomatism process associated t...

  2. Fluctuaciones estacionales e integración de mercados en Santander y Castilla durante la primera mitad del siglo XIX

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tomás MARTINEZ VARA

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: En este ensayo se pretende medir los progresos de la convergencia de los precios de los cereales entre los mercados de Santander y Castilla durante la primera mitad del siglo XIX. En la primera parte se exponen los métodos de análisis utilizados y en la segunda se cotejan y analizan las diferentes curvas del movimiento intra-anual de los precios, especialmente los correspondientes al trigo de Medina de Rioseco y Santander entre 1823-1859, plazas ambas que tuvieron en ese tiempo una estrecha relación comercial. La conclusión es que, como otros autores han señalado, la integración del mercado era aún incompleta, pero se estaban dando pasos decisivos. El análisis del ciclo estacional así lo avala. Palabras Clave. Historia agraria, Siglo XIX, Cereal, Castilla. ABSTRACT: This article sets out to measure the progress towards price convergence in the grain markets of Santander and Castile during the first half of the nineteenth century. The first part gives an account of the method of analysis adopted while the second part compares and analyses the different curves in intra-annual price movement. Reference is especially made to the wheat market in the towns of Medina de Rioseco and Santander, which enjoyed a close commercial relationship at that time. The conclusion drawn is that, as other authors have pointed out, market integration was still incomplete but, nevertheless, decisive steps were being taken in that direction. This conclusion is borne out by the analyses of the seasonal cycles. Key Words: Agrarian history, Nineteenth century, Cereals, Castile

  3. Estado de la enseñanza del español como lengua extranjera en Santander

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luz Mary Quintero

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo presenta los resultados parciales de un proyecto de investigación sobre el estado de la enseñanza del español lengua extranjera E/ELE en Santander en el período 2000-2011. Para el propósito de este documento nos centramos en los datos recogidos en las entrevistas y encuestas aplicadas a profesores y directivos de las instituciones participantes. Los hallazgos mostraron que hay pocas experiencias de enseñanza de ELE en Santander y las prácticas que identificamos, la mayoría se concentran en Bucaramanga y Barrancabermeja, en menor proporción. Por otra parte, encontramos que no existe evidencia de estudios de investigación formal que den cuenta del tema en Santander. Por último, se encontró que la metodología, materiales didácticos y los procesos de evaluación son siempre seleccionados o ajustados dependiendo de los propósitos de los aprendices.

  4. Caracterización de las fuentes de financiación para el sector turismo en Santander (Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Rubén Pérez Pinzón

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Estudio de las opciones, alternativas y limitaciones financieras que tienen los empresarios del sector turístico de Colombia, y en particular de Santander, para incrementar sus inversiones en infraestructura, productos y comunicaciones, y consigo ser más competitivos durante el próximo quinquenio. Los resultados que se presentan son producto de una investigación descriptiva realizada por el Semillero de Investigación en Turismo Alternativo y Sostenible de la Universidad Industrial de Santander, a partir del contraste estratégico y programático de las 56 organizaciones crediticias seleccionadas como muestra. La reflexión demuestra por qué uno de los principales problemas del sector turismo en Santander (Colombia es la falta de una efectiva, rápida y permanente financiación de los emprendimientos turísticos ante la falta de información por parte de los agentes del sector turismo y las restricciones de las entidades financieras públicas, privadas y mixtas.

  5. Summer Science Camps Program (SSC).

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Science Foundation, Washington, DC. Directorate for Education and Human Resources.

    The Summer Science Camps (SSC) Program supports residential and commuter enrichment projects for seventh through ninth grade minority students who are underrepresented in science, engineering, and mathematics. Eligible organizations include school districts, museums, colleges, universities, and nonprofit youth-centered and/or community-based…

  6. Comportamiento del dengue no grave en los últimos cuatro años en Santander, Colombia / Behavior of simple dengue during the last four years in Santander, Colombia / O comportamento da dengue não é grave nos últimos quatro anos, em Santander, Colômbia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergio Eduardo Serrano-Gómez, MD., MSc.

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: La transmisión e incidencia del virus del dengue ha aumentado de manera importante en las tres últimas décadas, por lo cual se considera actualmente la enfermedad infecciosa re-emergente que genera mayor morbilidad y mortalidad en el mundo. Objetivo: Observar el comportamiento del dengue no complicado en los últimos cuatro años en Santander, Colombia. Metodología: Se realizó un estudio analítico con datos secundarios de dengue no complicado en Santander, entre el año 2007 y el 2015. Se calculó la incidencia por semana epidemiológica y se construyeron canales endémicos de los años 2012 al 2015 mediante logaritmo en base 10, con media geométrica e intervalos de confianza del 95%. La investigación se clasificó como sin riesgo según la Ley 8430 de 1993 de la República de Colombia. Resultados: El Sistema Nacional de Vigilancia en Salud Pública (SIVIGILA reportó 26,849 casos de dengue no grave en Santander entre el año 2007 y el 2015. Los puntos de corte (éxito, seguridad, riesgo y epidemia varían para las diferentes zonas, con diferencias estadísticamente significativas con picos de incidencia de 4.2 (en el 2007, 2.9 (en el año 2010, 8.1 (entre el 2013 y 2014 por cada 100,000 habitantes. Conclusiones: Los canales endémicos de dengue se deben tener en cuenta junto con el impacto de la incidencia calculada para monitoreo de la enfermedad. Según la tendencia secular cada 3 a 4 años se presenta un pico de incidencia, por lo que es probable que en el 2016 se presente un nuevo pico de dengue incluso mayor a los registrados hasta el momento en Santander. Se requieren estrategias medidas e inmediatas para el control de la enfermedad. [Serrano-Gómez SE, De-Montijo C, Rey-Serrano JJ. Comportamiento del dengue no grave en los últimos cuatro años en Santander, Colombia. MedUNAB 2015; 18 (2: 107-115] Introduction: Transmission and incidence of dengue virus have greatly increased during the last three decades which is

  7. Districts Add Web Courses for Summer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Borja, Rhea R.

    2005-01-01

    More and more school districts, as well as for-profit companies and nonprofit organizations, are offering Internet-based summer classes in core subjects, such as algebra and reading, and electives such as creative writing. In this article, the author discusses the growth of enrollment in online education for summer. The logistical ease of…

  8. Diatoms from lentic and lotic systems in Antioquia, Chocó and Santander Departments in Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvia E Sala

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available In the tropical and subtropical regions, there is a large number of species which has not been yet described. The high possibility of extinction makes their inventory a priority. In this paper, 23 diatoms taxa from Andean lotic systems and lentic waterbodies localized in the Departments of Antioquia, Santander and Chocó, Colombia, are analyzed with light and scanning electron microscopy. Each taxon is described and information about environmental characteristic of the sites where they were collected and distribution in Colombia is given. The studied taxa belong to the orders Thalassiosirales (1, Aulacoseirales (1, Fragilariales (4, Cymbellales (7, Achnanthales (2, Naviculales (7, and Thalassiophysales (1. Fifteen of them are recorded for the first time in Colombia and Encyonema jemtlandicum in South America. A comparison with the diatom flora of the Colombian Amazonia showed that there were only three taxa in common to these two equatorial regions probably due to the influence of altitudinal gradient. Rev. Biol. Trop. 56 (3: 1159-1178. Epub 2008 September 30.En este artículo se analizan con microscopios de luz y electrónico de barrido 23 taxones de diatomeas provenientes de sistemas lénticos y lóticos andinos localizados en los Departamentos de Antioquia, Santander y Chocó, Colombia. Cada taxon es descrito e ilustrado y se brinda información acerca de su distribución en Colombia y de las condiciones físicas y químicas en las que fueron colectados. Los taxones estudiados pertenecen a los órdenes Thalassiosirales (1, Aulacoseirales (1, Fragilariales (4, Cymbellales (7, Achnanthales (2, Naviculales (7 y Thalassiophysales (1. 15 de ellos son registrados por primera vez para Colombia y Encyonema jemtlandicum es primer registro para América del Sur. Una comparación con la flora diatomológica de la Amazonía Colombiana, mostró que únicamente 3 taxones fueron hallados en ambas regiones, probablemente debido a la influencia de los

  9. Valores en los estudiantes de enfermería de la Universidad de Santander

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Myriam Durán Parra

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available El trabajo tuvo como propósito validar el instrumento de valores de J. L.Valdez, "Los valores éticos en adolescentes mexicanos". A la vez, se buscó describir los valores en estudiantes de enfermería de la Universidad de Santander. Se trató de un estudio metodológico correlacional, realizado en tres fases: la primera, consistió en una revisión documental y conceptual sobre ética y valores; la segunda, determinó la validez y confiabilidad del instrumento de J. L.Valdez; y en la tercera fase se aplicó el instrumento en la muestra seleccionada. La población y muestra estuvo conformada por los estudiantes del Programa de Enfermería de la Universidad de Santander. Los resultados evidenciaron que existen diversos abordajes y posturas teóricas sobre el tema de valores. La validez facial obtuvo una aceptabilidad del 100%; la de contenido, un índice general de 0.62 para pertinencia y relevancia (según dos de los expertos; la de constructo alcanzó los cuatro factores definidos dentro de la teoría de J. L. Valdez, que son: Afiliativo, Religioso, Desarrollo Personal y Social Normativo; la consistencia interna fue de 0.88. El valor de la Obediencia fue estadísticamente significativo entre los estudiantes de los primeros semestres.. Respecto al género, el femenino calificó con mayores puntajes referentes a los valores Dios y Espiritualidad. Se concluye que, pese a las diferencias culturales, algunos valores prevalecen sin importar tal distinción, es así como el género femenino dio mayor importancia al factor ético-moral. Por otra parte, las pruebas realizadas al instrumento sobre valores de J. L. Valdez recomiendan su uso en futuras investigaciones para esta temática. De acuerdo a la discusión realizada con expertos y los datos obtenidos, los valores éticos presentes en los estudiantes de enfermería de esta unidad educativa son la Obediencia y Verdad.

  10. Breakfast habits of 1,202 northern Italian children admitted to a summer sport school. Breakfast skipping is associated with overweight and obesity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vanelli, Maurizio; Iovane, Brunella; Bernardini, Anna; Chiari, Giovanni; Errico, Maria Katrin; Gelmetti, Chiara; Corchia, Matteo; Ruggerini, Anna; Volta, Elio; Rossetti, Stefano

    2005-09-01

    Very little is known about the differences in breakfast of children performing physical activity in the morning. This paper analyzed the breakfast habits of 747 boys and 455 girls, distributed in 2 homogeneous age groups, 6-10 and 11-14 year-old, participating in a Summer Sport School. Children were asked whether, when, where, how and with whom they consumed breakfast; who prepared meals; what they ate and drank; what they did during breakfast. Weight, height and BMI were recorded. Seventy-eight percent of children usually had breakfast, but 22% reported skipping breakfast. In the non-breakfast consumer subjects, 27.5% were overweight and 9.6% obese vs 9.1 and 4.5% respectively in breakfast eaters. Bakery products (76%) and milk (71%) were the most frequently consumed foods. Only 15% of parents encouraged their children to consume additional foods at breakfast before exercising, and 42% of children believed that this extra nutrition was unnecessary. In 80% of cases, the chief decision-maker for breakfast was the mother, the father played little part (1%). During breakfast, 48% of children ate and drank in silence, 26% played with brothers and sisters, 18% watched television and only 8% talked with parents. A high prevalence of over-weight and obesity was found among non-breakfast consumer children. Breakfast omission in children exercising conflicts with their increased energy requirements and may be connected to the trend of parents and children to under-estimate the importance of breakfast for nutritional balance and for environment promotion of physical performance.

  11. Subnacionalismo en la frontera. Caso de Táchira (Venezuela- Norte de Santander (Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Marleny Bustamante

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo persigue mostrar que en la zona fronteriza del estado Táchira (Venezuela con el Departamento Norte de Santander (Colombia han aparecido manifestaciones de subnacionalismo que pudieran considerarse indicios o bases para construir ideas de autonomía o “regionalismo”, a pesar que el Estado ha mantenido su poder de cohesión y de integración territorial. Se trata de sentimientos compartidos de exclusión de los respectivos centros de poder, lo que ha permitido la formación de bloques de poder regional que utilizan la “particularidad” regional o fronteriza para obtener objetivos políticos y económicos difíciles de lograr de no destacar tal diferenciación. Se parte de la apreciación general del papel del Estado como garante de la integridad territorial y poblacional, para ejemplificar con esta región fronteriza los problemas que enfrentan los Estados de la subregión andina para mantener su población y territorio cohesionados e integrados con instrumentos básicamente ideológicos, antes que con instrumentos económicos y sociales.

  12. [Subtypes of dengue virus serotypes 2, 3 and 4 isolated in Santander District, Colombia].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cortés, Fabián M; Gómez, Sergio Y; Ocazionez, Raquel E

    2007-01-01

    Virus serotypes 2, 3 and 4 that had circulated in Santander District, Colombia in the period 1998-2004 were analyzed. Identifying the subtype of a dengue virus serotype is a useful tool for surveillance of severe risk factors because the strain potential to cause hemorrhagic dengue makes the difference among them. Simultaneous sequence amplification technique known as restriction site specific-polymerase chain reaction (RSS-PCR) was used to determine the subtype by comparing the electrophoretic pattern of the local isolate to the reference virus. Virus serotype 2 corresponded to subtype A similar to the one isolated in Thailand (1996) and to the other isolated in Porto Rico (1986); virus serotypes 3 were of subtype C like the virus found in Sri Lanka (1990), Honduras (1995) and Porto Rico (2000); virus serotypes 4 were a variant of subtype B similar to a virus from Porto Rico (1987) and to another virus from Tahiti (1985). The study confirmed the presence in Colombia of dengue virus subtypes circulating now in the Americas.

  13. Ciudad y protesta: Las luchas cívicas en Santander 1970-1984

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jhoney Díaz Fajardo

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo describe y analiza las protestas cívicas en Santander y los intentos por conformar movimientos cívicos en el departamento entre los años de 1970 a 1984. Los movimientos cívicos así como sus expresiones de protesta respondieron a demandas en donde lo territorial fue un aspecto central de sus reivindicaciones y un elemento de su identidad, en ese sentido en el artículo se nombraran dos tipos de expresiones cívicas: las locales y las regionales, ya que en los paros cívicos nacionales, como se analiza con el caso de 1977, la participación de los sectores cívicos en Bucaramanga fue casi inexistente y en Barrancabermeja correspondió mas a la situación particular del puerto donde se desarrollaba una huelga en Ecopetrol. Para tal fin, se hizo un seguimiento diario en las fuentes de periódicos (vanguardia liberal, así como las fuentes orales (entrevistas, publicaciones obreras, actas de la asamblea, el diario oficial y el archivo de AUDESA.

  14. Café, bosques y certificación agrícola en Aratoca, Santander.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrés Guhl.

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Agriculture has drastically transformed landscapes and ecosystems on this planet. These changes alter the supply of goods and ecosystem services thereby impacting human well-being. There are significant environmental impacts associated with modern agriculture and green revolution technologies. This has promoted the development of agricultural production systems that try to reduce the environmental impact and/or improve the well-being of producers. Agricultural certification is one such strategy. This set of management practices promotes agricultural production that simultaneously generates some environmental, social, economic, and quality benefits. Shade-grown coffee production is one of these environmentally-friendly management practices. This paper describes this kind of agricultural production and discusses some of the changes associated with certification as well as the impact it has had on the landscape of Aratoca (Santander. The article also analyzes the differences between certified and noncertified producers. It concludes with some suggestions for the certification process in order to make it a win-win (environment-society situation for different kinds of coffee growers.

  15. Raw materials for the ceramics industry from norte de santander. I. Mineralogical, chemical and physical characterization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leonardo Cely-Illera

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo estudia las principales características de una arcilla utilizada para la fabricación de piezas cerámicas de construcción del área metropolitana de San José de Cúcuta. La investigación se llevó a cabo utilizando una muestra arcillosa de tipología rojiza de la formación Guayabo de la región del Zulia en Norte de Santander. El material se molió por vía seca y se realizó el procedimiento de preparación adecuado para el desarrollo de los análisis de caracterización como fueron difracción de rayos X (DRX, fluorescencia de rayos X (FRX, granulometrías por tamizado en seco y por la técnica del hidrómetro 152 H. Se determinó su relación arcilla/cuarzo, su plasticidad y su comportamiento en el proceso de secado y cocción. El proceso de conformado utilizado fue el de extrusión. Los resultados de la investigación mostraron que el material es apto para fabricar productos estructurales y de revestimiento para pisos y paredes, además de arrojar excelentes propiedades para fabricar productos refractarios.

  16. Mitos y realidades de las reformas educativas liberales en Santander (Colombia: 1936-1945

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adaulfo Enrique Mendoza

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo se propone establecer si en el Dpto. de Santander, considerado como un estudio de caso, las acciones generadas por el partido liberal a partir de 1936 (Establecimiento de la libertad de enseñanza, laicización de la educación e inclusión de la orientación curricular e inspección de la educación como función exclusiva del Estado generaron modificaciones sustanciales en el ámbito escolar ose mantuvieron en el nivel retórico. Este propósito se desarrolla a partir de la sistematización de la información contendida en los informes que los Secretarios de instrucción presentaban ante el Gobernador, los cuales permiten reconstruir las representaciones oficiales sobre la educación. La información contenida en esta serie de documentos es a su vez contrastada con notas de prensa, circulares eclesiásticas, informes especiales de la Contraloría Departamental y las series de estadísticas históricas reconstruidas por el DANE.

  17. Una mirada a las prácticas pedagógicas de los docentes en colegios públicos de Barranquilla y Girón (departamento de Santander para intervenir los problemas de violencia escolar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lourdes Isabel Albor Chadid

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo se refiere a las prácticas pedagógicas que emplean docentes de dos centros educativos públicos en las ciudades de Barranquilla (departamento del Atlántico y Girón (Santander, en Colombia, para atender los casos de violencia escolar ocurridos entre estudiantes de grados séptimo y octavo de Educación Básica Secundaria. Una encuesta aplicada a 71 alumnos del Colegio San Juan de Girón entre 12 y 14 años de edad y a 17 estudiantes del Colegio Alejandro Obregón de la ciudad de Barranquilla, entre los 13 y 15 años, permitió identificar los tipos de manifestaciones violentas que se presentan en la población estudiantil, y diseñar una caracterización del conflicto en los ambientes escolares. También fueron encuestados 25 docentes (12 de Barranquilla y 13 de Girón, para profundizar en sus prácticas respecto a la resolución de los conflictos escolares. Los resultados fueron interpretados a partir del método cualitativo de estudio de caso, concluyéndose que la violencia escolar es una realidad y que los educandos desconfían de los profesores. AbstractThe following paper addresses the teaching practices employed by teachers at two public schools in the cities of Barranquilla, Atlantico and Giron, Santander, Colombia, to treat cases of school violence occurring between elementary school students in the seventh and eighth grade. A survey of 71 students aged 12-14 years from Colegio San Juan de Giron and 17 students aged 13-15 years from Colegio Alejandro Obregon in Barranquilla helped to identify the types of violent occurrences in the student population and to develop a characterization of conflict in the school environment. Twenty-five teachers (12 from Barranquilla and 13 from Giron were also surveyed as a way to aid in improving their practices regarding school conflict resolution. The results were interpreted using the qualitative case study method, and from these results it was concluded that

  18. El Conjuro: una práctica de cuidado cultural para la Leishmaniasis Cutánea Americana en Florián, Santander (Colombia The Pray: a cultural care practice for American Cutaneous Leishmaniasis in Florian, Santander (Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Celmira Laza Vásquez

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Justificación: La Leishmaniasis Cutánea Americana (LAC es una patología cutánea tropical endémica en Colombia, que en las últimas décadas ha recibido especial atención de los servicios nacionales de salud en cuanto al registro, atención básica y prevención entre otros, mejorando la epidemiología local y regional de esta dolencia en el país. Sin embargo, en el Departamento de Santander aún persiste un escaso conocimiento de las prácticas utilizadas por la población rural afectada en el cuidado cultural o genérico de la enfermedad. Objetivo: Describir las prácticas de cuidado, factores que determinan su uso y creencias culturales para la curación de la Leishmaniasis Cutánea Americana en la población rural del municipio de Florián-Santander (Colombia. Metodología: Estudio cualitativo descriptivo realizado en zona rural durante marzo de 2008, con la participaron pobladores y conjuradores de Florián Santander. La información se recolectó mediante entrevistas semi-estructuradas individuales, para realizar el posterior análisis de contenido. Resultados y conclusión: el Conjuro realizado por un Conjurador emergió como la práctica central de cuidado cultural, alrededor de la cual se realizan cuidados complementarios que incrementen la eficacia. La modesta situación socioeconómica, la deficiencia en infraestructura vial, la escasez de los medios de transporte, así como las creencias entorno al tratamiento médico con Glucantime®, se identificaron como los factores que ayudan a consolidar el Conjuro en la población rural como la práctica más utilizada para "sanar el encono".Justification: The American Cutaneous Leishmaniasis is an endemic tropical cutaneous pathology in Colombia that during the last decade has received special attention from the national health services regarding the registry, basic attention and prevention among others, improving the local and regional epidemiology of this ailment in the country

  19. Summer Camp, July 2016

    CERN Multimedia

    Staff Association

    2016-01-01

    During the month of July, the Staff Association’s Children’s Day-Care Centre and School EVEE held a summer camp for 4- to 6-year-olds. 24 children altogether joined in on the adventures. On the summer camp, the children got to “travel” to a different continent of the world every week. Day after day, they would pass through make-believe Customs upon arrival and get their passports stamped by a “customs officer”. For the first week, we went on a trip to Africa. In the spirit of the theme, the children got to do plenty of crafts and coloring, make their own little bindles and play various games. They even had the chance to visit the Museum of Ethnography in Geneva (MEG), learn to play the balafon and make musical instruments with Sterrenlab. For the second week, we set off to discover the Americas, exploring both the South and the North. Alongside different workshops (singing, dancing, storytelling, crafts), the children could enjoy several special ac...

  20. SCHOOL INFORMATION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    Chinese Culture Summer Tours Beijing Huijia Private School has successfully launched a range of Chinese-learning courses and travel programs for summer and winter. The courses have attracted hundreds of Chinese-language-learning stu- dents from around t

  1. Summer Camp July 2017 - Registration

    CERN Multimedia

    EVE et École

    2017-01-01

    The CERN Staff Association’s Summer Camp will be open for children from 4 to 6 years old during four weeks, from 3 to 28 July. Registration is offered on a weekly basis for 450 CHF, lunch included. This year, the various activities will revolve around the theme of the Four Elements. Registration opened on 20 March 2017 for children currently attending the EVE and School of the Association. It will be open from 3 April for children of CERN Members of Personnel, and starting from 24 April for all other children. The general conditions are available on the website of the EVE and School of CERN Staff Association: http://nurseryschool.web.cern.ch. For further questions, please contact us by email at Summer.Camp@cern.ch.

  2. “Aquí no hay negros”: develando la presencia de población afrodescendiente en Santander, Colombia.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Doris Lamus Canavate

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo se construye a partir de los avances en mayo de 2014, de un proyecto de investigación en desarrollo iniciado a finales de 2013, titulado Hacia la reconstrucción de los procesos organizativos del movimiento social afrodescendiente en Santander, Colombia, cuyo propósito consiste en identificar la presencia de población organizada y auto -identificada como afrodescendiente, con el fin de reconstruir sus historias, proyectos y propósitos como colectivos que propenden por la defensa de sus derechos y su cultura.

  3. Protesta y movilización estudiantil, 1964. Memoria de una marcha en la Universidad Industrial de Santander

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Álvaro Acevedo Tarazona

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 21 false false false ES-CO X-NONE X-NONE Las marchas y protestas de los estudiantes de la Universidad Industrial de Santander en los años sesenta fueron unas de las más representativas en la protesta estudiantil colombiana. El presente artículo propone un nuevo enfoque de la marcha estudiantil de 1964 desde Bucaramanga hasta Bogotá. Los testimonios de algunos protagonistas de aquellos acontecimientos dejan ver una memoria social difícilmente abarcable a través de los documentos oficiales o las fuentes de prensa.

  4. Corporate Governance and its discourse: study of a text of the Santander S.A.’s Sustainability Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marta Cardoso de Andrade

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to study the discourse on corporate governance (CG from the perspective of ethos (lexical route and the enunciative situation explicited in a published text of a Sustainability Report of a publicly traded multinational, Santander. Theoretical assumptions of Corporate Sustainability, Corporate Governance, Corporate Communications, Rhetoric and Discourse Analysis of French line were addressed. The latter also constitutes the methodology used for the making of research. To undertake this work, three analyzes were performed: data linguistics, arguments and communication strategies used in the text production. The CG is understood as belonging to the social responsibility that makes up the tripod of Corporate Sustainability, along with Environmental and Economic.

  5. Canasta básica alimentaria e índice de precios en Santander, Colombia, 1999-2000

    OpenAIRE

    Herrán-Falla Oscar Fernando; Prada-Gómez Gloria Esperanza; Patiño-Benavides Gonzalo Alberto

    2003-01-01

    OBJETIVO: Establecer indicadores de seguridad alimentaria (SA) en dos municipios colombianos. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: En el periodo 1999-2000 se realizó un estudio descriptivo en dos municipios del departamento de Santander, Colombia, que determinó el costo de canastas básicas alimentarias (CBA), para estimar índices de precios (IPC), su variación, e indicadores de SA relacionados con el salario mínimo legal vigente (SMLV). Se calcularon estadísticos de tendencia central y dispersión según el tip...

  6. Factors that influence leadership of the financial sector managers in the city of Cucuta, Norte de Santander

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Geli Pautt Torres

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Rev.esc.adm.neg This paper shows the results of an empirical research, whose purpose is to identify three leadership factors: the leader´s personality, the perception of followers, and the organizational culture in managers of the financial sector in the city of Cucuta, Norte de Santander. Finally, those three aspects formerly mentioned have exerted a huge influence upon executive leadership due to the fact that the comparative frequency between the amount of employees and executives that are in agreement is relatively high.

  7. Memoria de prácticas en la biblioteca del seminario diocesano de Monte Corbán (Santander)

    OpenAIRE

    Vega Almeida, Daniel

    2014-01-01

    RESUMEN: En este Trabajo de Fin de Grado se muestran las tareas realizadas en la biblioteca del Seminario Diocesano de Monte Corbán (Santander, Cantabria) entre el 27 de febrero y el 27 de junio de 2014. Se tratarán de mostrar los conocimientos adquiridos y desarrollados, así como su aplicación práctica en la biblioteca. Gracias al estudio de bibliografía especializada y otras fuentes de información, la ayuda de tutores y una correcta organización y crítica de los materiales de trabajo, se el...

  8. The magmatic history of the Vetas-California mining district, Santander Massif, Eastern Cordillera, Colombia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mantilla Figueroa, Luis C.; Bissig, Thomas; Valencia, Víctor; Hart, Craig J. R.

    2013-08-01

    The Vetas-California Mining District (VCMD), located in the central part of the Santander Massif (Colombian Eastern Cordillera), based on U-Pb dating of zircons, records the following principal tectono-magmatic events: (1) the Grenville Orogenic event and high grade metamorphism and migmatitization between ˜1240 and 957 Ma; (2) early Ordovician calc-alkalic magmatism, which was synchronous with the Caparonensis-Famatinian Orogeny (˜477 Ma); (3) middle to late Ordovician post-collisional calc-alkalic magmatism (˜466-436 Ma); (4) late Triassic to early Jurassic magmatism between ˜204 and 196 Ma, characterized by both S- and I-type calc-alkalic intrusions and; (5) a late Miocene shallowly emplaced intermediate calc-alkaline intrusions (10.9 ± 0.2 and 8.4 ± 0.2 Ma). The presence of even younger igneous rocks is possible, given the widespread magmatic-hydrothermal alteration affecting all rock units in the area. The igneous rocks from the late Triassic-early Jurassic magmatic episodes are the volumetrically most important igneous rocks in the study area and in the Colombian Eastern Cordillera. They can be divided into three groups based on their field relationships, whole rock geochemistry and geochronology. These are early leucogranites herein termed Alaskites-I (204-199 Ma), Intermediate rocks (199-198 Ma), and late leucogranites, herein referred to as Alaskites-II (198-196 Ma). This Mesozoic magmatism is reflecting subtle changes in the crustal stress in a setting above an oblique subduction of the Panthalassa plate beneath Pangea. The lower Cretaceous siliciclastic Tambor Formation has detrital zircons of the same age populations as the metamorphic and igneous rocks present in the study area, suggesting that the provenance is related to the erosion of these local rocks during the late Jurassic or early Cretaceous, implying a local supply of sediments to the local depositional basins.

  9. Phlebotomine sandflies (Diptera: Psychodidae in a sub-Andean forest from the Norte de Santander, Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Richard Hoyos-López

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Background & objectives: The recognition of communities of arthropods with medical importance in natural systems constitutes an important step in the prediction of possible epidemic events and/or emergence of infectious diseases in the human population. This is due to anthropogenic impact in natural areas and landscape modification, which changes the dynamics of pathogenic agents, reservoirs, and vector insects. In this study, an inventory was compiled of species of the genus Lutzomyia present in sub-Andean forest from the confluence of the Pamplonita River basin. Methods: CDC-light and Shannon traps were used for collecting adult phlebotomine sandflies during the month of October 2013 in a sub-Andean forest from river basin Pamplonita. All specimens were identified using morphological keys. The epidemiological relevance of each species was reported using a literature review about natural infection or vector incrimination with Leishmania species or other pathogens microorganism. Results: A total of 2755 specimens belonging to eight species of the genus Lutzomyia were collected. Out of the eight species, seven belonged to the group verrucarum (Lutzomyia sp - townsendi series, L. ovallesi, L. spinicrassa, L. serrana, L. townsendi, L. nuneztovari and L. pia, while one belonged to the subgenus Helcocyrtomyia (L. hartmanni. A new registry of L. townsendi was observed for the Norte de Santander department. Interpretation & conclusion: The appreciable diversity of the verrucarum group observed in this area suggest further investigation on the biogeography and evolution of this group, and epidemiological risk for human populations around this area, as there are reports of Leishmania natural infection and favourable conditions for domestication of phlebotomines in rural towns.

  10. Impacto de la discapacidad en la vereda los Teres del municipio de los Santos, Santander - 2012

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martha Patricia Cabrales Guzmán

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: analizar el impacto de discapacidad en la vereda los Teres del municipio de los Santos, Santander en el año 2012, desde la Teoría de los Sistemas. Metodología: Estudio transversal descriptivo. Se incluyeron 11 Personas en Situación de Discapacidad (PSD de la Vereda Los Teres. Se aplicó una encuesta mediante entrevista a las PSD o un familiar por 3 estudiantes de último año de fisioterapia. Se recolectaron variables relacionadas con el microsistema persona-famiilia, mesosistema y exosistema. Se calcularon medidas de tendencia central y de dispersión para variables cuantitativas y frecuencias absolutas y relativas para las variables cualitativas. Resultados: el 45,5% de las personas no tenía nivel educativo alguno, el 81,8% se encontraba afiliada a salud, el 100% no asistía a ningún establecimiento de rehabilitación, el 81,8% refirió que el trato de la familia no ha cambiado después de adquirir la discapacidad y el 90,9% no se encontraban trabajando actualmente. En cuanto a la exclusión, el 90,9% de las PSD estaban excluidos en el ámbito de salud. Conclusión: El subsistema más afectado para las PSD de la vereda los Teres fue el exosistema y el menos afectado el microsistema persona-familia.

  11. Aroideas comestibles de San José de Suaita (Suaita, Santander, Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Linares Castillo Édgar Leonardo

    2005-07-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo se desarrolló un estudio etnobotánico sobre las Aroideas comestibles presentes en la Inspección de San José de Suaita, municipio de Suaita, departamento de Santander, Colombia, que incluyó un inventario de las especies, taxonomía popular, usos, forma de consumo, cultivo y distribución de estas plantas. Utilizando encuestas  estructuradas y entrevistas con los habitantes de la zona, se recopiló la información con base en el conocimiento de esta población. Se calculó el Valor de Importancia de las principales Aroideas y se evaluó la distribución cultural de cada una
    de las especies. Se encontraron cinco especies de la familia Araceae: el bore (Xanthosoma sp., el chonque (Xanthosoma sagittifolium, el chícul (Xanthosoma violaceum, la malanga (Colocasia esculenta y la papa de indio (Dracontium spruceanum. Se elaboró una clave para la determinación de las especies de aroideas comestibles en campo. El conocimiento, el uso y la distribución de cada una de las especies se vieron relacionadas entre sí. Se reportaron como usos la alimentación humana y animal y el uso medicinal de la especie Xanthosoma sagittifolium como antiparasitario. Las especies Xanthosoma sp., Colocasia esculenta, Xanthosoma sagittifolium y Xanthosoma violaceum son plantas que se
    encuentran cultivadas en las labranzas (áreas de cultivo o escapadas de cultivo, en los alrededores de las viviendas y las veredas. La especie Dracontium spruceanum se encuentra exclusivamente en estado silvestre y se restringe a la zona de La Meseta.

  12. The Nasa space radiation school, an excellent training in radiobiology and space radiation protection; La NASA space radiation summer school, une formation d'excellence en radiobiologie et radioprotection spatiale

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vogin, G. [Centre Alexis-Vautrin, 54 - Nancy (France)

    2009-10-15

    The astronauts have to spend more time in space and the colonization of the moon and Mars are in the cross hairs of international agencies. The cosmic radiation from which we are protected on ground by atmosphere and by the terrestrial magnetosphere (.4 mSv/year according to Who) become really threatening since 20 km altitude, delivering an average radiation dose of a therapeutic kind to astronauts with peaks related to solar events. It is composed in majority of hadrons: protons (85%) and heavy ions (13%), but also photons (2%) of high energy (GeV/n)). the incurred risks are multiple: early ones(cataract, central nervous system damages, whole body irradiation) but especially delayed ones (carcinogenesis). The astronauts radiation protection turns poor and the rate of death risk by cancer returning from a mission on Mars has been estimated at 5%. The Nasa created in 2004 a summer school aiming to awareness young researchers to the space radiobiology specificities. Areas concerned as follow: radioinduced DNA damage and repair, cell cycle, apoptosis, bystander effect, genome instability, neuro degeneration, delayed effects and carcinogenesis in relation with radiation exposure. (N.C.)

  13. A Pedagogical Experience to Delve into Students' Sense of Cultural Belonging and Intercultural Understanding in a Rural School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramos Holguín, Bertha; Aguirre Morales, Jahir; Matilde Hernández, Carmen

    2012-01-01

    Rural education has been the focus for several research studies which reveal a tendency to include students' home context in the curriculum. Considering the aforementioned statement, this article aims to share a pedagogical experience which was carried out in a rural school in Guavatá, Santander, Colombia. The main purpose of this experience was…

  14. La investigación en salud en Santander: análisis de los últimos 10 años Health research in Santander: analysis of the last 10 years

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patricio López-Jaramillo

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este artículo fue estudiar el desarrollo que ha tenido el departamento de Santander en la investigación en salud de los últimos 10 años. El tiempo de análisis se dividió en dos periodos: el primero, de enero de 1995 a diciembre de 1999 y el segundo, de enero de 2000 a diciembre de 2004. Se analizaron dos variables: número de proyectos financiados por Colciencias y número de artículos publicados en revistas indexadas en PUBMED, en los cuales al menos una de las instituciones de filiación fue de Bucaramanga. Durante el primer quinquenio se financiaron cinco proyectos y se publicaron diecinueve artículos. En el periodo 2000-2004 se financiaron 56 proyectos y se publicaron 73 artículos. Las instituciones que más aportaron con proyectos y publicaciones fueron la Universidad Industrial de Santander (UIS, la Fundación Cardiovascular de Colombia (FCV, el Instituto de Investigaciones Biomédicas (ICIB y la Universidad Autónoma de Bucaramanga (UNAB. Vale destacar que 70% de las publicaciones son trabajos colaborativos entre las instituciones corporadas del ICIB con apoyo de instituciones extranjeras que establecieron colaboración con esta institución. Se destaca que existió igual participación del sector público y del privado en este dramático incremento, lo cual no es usual en países en vía de desarrollo. Con base en los proyectos actualmente en marcha, se espera que el acelerado crecimiento de la investigación en salud en Santander se mantenga en los próximos años.The aim of this article was to study the development of the health research in the Department of Santander during the last 10 years. The analysis time was divided in two periods: the first one from January 1995 to December 1999 and the second one from January 2000 to December 2004. Two variables were analyzed: number of projects financed by Colciencias and number of articles in journals indexed to PUBMED, in which at least one of the filial institutions

  15. Summer Meal Capacity Builder

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Agriculture — Allows users to search for summer meal sites from the previous summer by zip code, adding “layers” of information, such as free and reduced-price lunch participation...

  16. The Misattribution of Summers in Teacher Value-Added

    Science.gov (United States)

    Atteberry, Allison

    2012-01-01

    This paper investigates the extent to which spring-to-spring testing timelines bias teacher value-added as a result of conflating summer and school-year learning. Using a unique dataset that contains both fall and spring standardized test scores, the author examines the patterns in school-year versus summer learning. She estimates value-added…

  17. Encuesta epidemiológica sobre tripanosomiasis en el caserío de "rancho grande", municipio de cúcuta (norte de santander)

    OpenAIRE

    Corredor Arjona, Augusto; Osorno Mesa, Ernesto; Gaitán Cortés, Alicia; Giraldo Morales, Ofelia

    2011-01-01

    Se muestran los, resultados de una encuesta epidemiológica para determinar la enfermedad de Chagas en una población rural, Rancho Grande, localizada en el Departamento de Norte de Santander. Su alta positividad serológica está directamente correlacionada con los altos Índices de Tripanosomiasis del caserío.

  18. HAARP 2011 Summer Student Research Campaign

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-16

    lasting ten days to two weeks. The goal of this program, called the Polar Aeronomy and Radio Science (PARS) Summer School, was to acquaint university...Alaska, Fairbanks to conduct a comprehensive summer learning activity aimed at Graduate level students. Until 2008, this Polar Aeronomy and Radio...Research Associates ONR Office of Naval Research OPL Out-shifted Plasma Line PARS Polar Aeronomy and Radio Science PCA Polar Cap Absorption PDI

  19. S'Cool LAB Summer CAMP 2017

    CERN Multimedia

    Woithe, Julia

    2017-01-01

    The S’Cool LAB Summer CAMP is an opportunity for high-school students (aged 16-19) from all around the world to spend 2 weeks exploring the fascinating world of particle physics. The 24 selected participants spend their summer at S’Cool LAB, CERN’s hands-on particle physics learning laboratory, for an epic programme of lectures and tutorials, team research projects, visits of CERN’s research installations, and social activities.

  20. Las Orquídeas de San José de Suaita (Santander, Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    González Garavito Favio

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available Se presenta el tratamiento taxonómico de la familia Orchidaceae para la Inspección de Policía de San José de Suaita, municipio de Suaita, departamento de Santander, Colombia (73º 27’ O y 6º 9’ N, 1.550-2.100 msnm. Se registran tres subfamilias, 35 géneros y 91 especies, que
    representan el 12% de la flora local. Los géneros con mayor número de especies fueron Epidendrum con 15 especies, Maxillaria con 11, Pleurothallis con nueve, Dichaea con ocho y Oncidium con cuatro especies. En estos cinco géneros se reúne más del 50% de las especies de
    Orchidaceae de San José de Suaita. Cinco especies constituyen registros nuevos para Colombia y una de ellas es nueva para la ciencia. Así mismo, se encontró que el 75% de las especies son exclusivamente epífitas, el 22% son terrestres y el 23% restante crecen indistintamente como
    epífitas, terrestres o rupícolas. El tratamiento taxonómico incluyó claves, descripciones, ilustraciones y comentarios ecológicos, taxonómicos y corológicos, para los taxones registrados. Se evaluaron los caracteres morfológicos empleados en las descripciones, así como su variación en
    taxones considerados (subfamilias, subtribus, géneros. Así mismo, se presenta una evaluación de la distribución latitudinal y altitudinal para 75 de las especies, y se realiza el análisis de las afinidades florísticas de la orquideoflora de la zona con respecto a la de otras localidades neotropicales. Por último, se propone la inclusión de al menos 11 especies en la lista roja de plantas amenazadas con base en su distribución regional, nacional y local.

  1. "banca del Fare" Summer School in Alta Langa: «THE Ruins to BE Rebuilt Will BE Our CLASSROOMS». Knowledge from Artisans to New Generations, from Ancient Skills to New Building Techniques

    Science.gov (United States)

    Villata, M.

    2017-05-01

    "Banca del fare" is an ambitious project proposed by "Cultural Park Alta Langa". It is born to hand ancient knowledges down to young people, as meeting place useful to exchange the development of new construction techniques and at the same time the traditional ones. A program of educational workshops, which constitute the summer school, was organized for increasing communication among different generations. Indeed, the last local craftsmen or artisans are coming out from their employment and there is no training process to ensure the migration of knowledge to young architects. The activities of the school took place for the first time during summer of 2016 in Alta Langa, the southern part of Langhe in Piedmont. The landscape of this area is marked by small rural architectures called "ciabòts" shed all over the countryside. Artisans and students work together to recover these buildings every year. The aim of this landscape heritage's valorization is to relate the restored ciabòt into a network, in order to create a widespread hotels system. Therefore, the essay wants to present the results of "Banca del fare" and to suggest a GIS project that can gather information about numerous "ciabòt" widespread in this territory. The interaction between land development and networking process can ensure the optimal reuse of these rural architectures.

  2. Social Organization of a Colony of Bats Carollia brevicauda in Artificial Shelter, Bochalema, Norte de Santander, Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arley Omar Gallardo

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available We studied the social organization of a colony of the fruit bat Carollia brevicauda  in artificial shelter Bochalema, Northen of Santander, Colombia. Using a new type of marking and by focal sampling, one colony was observed from September 2007 to September 2008. It was determined that the social structure in the colony is integrated by four groups, which did not vary in structure over time. It was established that females were more faithful to the shelter than males. We assessed time budget day and there was that individuals have a 73.9 % time without any activity, followed by grooming with a 26.6 %, and females had higher activity than males, especially in dry season. We found that C. brevicauda  has differences with records of C. perspicillata such as the fidelity of females and non-influence of lunar light over the hour of emergence from the refuge. ORGANIZACIÓN SOCIAL DE UNA COLONIA DEL MURCIÉLAGO EN UN REFUGIO ARTIFICIAL, BOCHALEMA, NORTE DE SANTANDER, COLOMBIASe estudió la organización social de una colonia del murciélago frugívoro Carollia brevicauda en un refugio artificial en Bochalema, Norte de Santander, Colombia. Empleando un nuevo tipo de marcaje que consiste en decoloración capilar y mediante muestreos focales se observó la colonia desde septiembre de 2007 a septiembre de 2008. Se determinó que esta es definida por cuatro grupos los cuales no variaron en su conformación a lo largo del tiempo. Se estableció que las hembras fueron más fieles al refugio que los machos. Se evaluó el presupuesto de tiempo diurno y se registró que los individuos tienen un 73,9 % de tiempo en reposo, seguido del acicalamiento con un 26,6 % y las hembras presentaron mayor actividad que los machos sobre todo en época seca. Se determinaron diferencias en registros entre C. brevicauda y C. perspicillata , como por ejemplo la fidelidad de las hembras al refugio.

  3. Sífilis congénita en el Hospital Universitario de Santander, Bucaramanga (Colombia, 2006 - 2007

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cecilia del Carmen Matos Mareño

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Antecedentes. La sífilis congénita (SC aumenta en nuestro país a pesar de existir un programa diseñado para su control. Se requiere conocer las características de los afectados y sus padres, para implementar medidas de control. Objetivo. Caracterizar los casos de SC atendidos en el Hospital Universitario de Santander, Bucaramanga (Colombia, entre Junio/2006 y Septiembre/2007. Materiales y métodos. Estudio de corte transversal prospectivo. Se analizaron variables sociodemográficas y clínicas de los recién nacidos y sus padres. Resultados. Se presentaron 36 recién nacidos (RN con SC. Nueve sintomáticos (25%, 6 con compromiso del sistema nervioso central (16.7%; 2 murieron (5.6%. En 12 casos (33.3% las madres no hicieron control prenatal; 16 (44.4% no aparecen inscritas al sistema de seguridad social en salud. Tres madres (8.3% infectadas por VIH; 6 (16.7% con más de 9 compañeros sexuales y 10 (27.8% con un compañero sexual; 8 (22.2% usó drogas ilícitas. El diagnóstico de sífilis fue hecho en el tercer trimestre del embarazo en 15 casos (41.7% y 14 (38.9% en postparto. El 47.2% de las madres no recibió tratamiento durante el embarazo (17 casos; 25 padres (69.5% no lo recibieron. Conclusiones. Pese a que la SC es una enfermedad prevenible, en el Hospital Universitario de Santander se encontraron 36 casos entre junio de 2006 a septiembre 2007. Sobresalen factores inherentes a la madre, a su entorno y al acceso al servicio de salud que hacen que la SC aumente en nuestro medio. Para modificar la incidencia de la SC es mandatorio mejorar la calidad del control prenatal, garantizar el acceso y captación de las gestantes de manera oportuna, lograr adherencia a los protocolos de manejo por parte de las IPS para poder mejorar la calidad de vida de la infancia en Santander

  4. Tuberculosis genitourinaria: Reporte de 9 casos en el Hospital Universitario de Santander, Colombia, 2003-2008 Genitourinary tuberculosis: A report of 9 cases in Santander University Hospital, Colombia, 2003-2008

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julio Cesar Mantilla Hernández

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: La tuberculosis constituye aún un problema de salud pública en el mundo, el cual se agrava por la pandemia del SIDA. La tuberculosis extrapulmonar puede comprometer cualquier órgano, siendo el sistema genitourinario uno de los más afectados, por lo cual es importante conocer su magnitud en cada institución. Objetivos: Caracterizar la tuberculosis genitourinaria desde el punto de vista epidemiológico, clínico y paraclínico de los pacientes en los cuales la enfermedad constituyó la causa básica de muerte y su compromiso genitourinario fue un hallazgo principal de autopsia. Metodología: Estudio descriptivo retrospectivo realizado entre el 2003 y el 2008 mediante revisión de los protocolos de autopsias efectuadas en el Departamento de Patología de la Universidad Industrial de Santander, de los pacientes que fallecieron a causa de tuberculosis en el Hospital Universitario de Santander, Colombia. Resultados: Se encontraron 9 casos, con rango de edad entre 20 y 66 años, de los cuales 8 correspondían a hombres y 5 se asociaron con síndrome de inmunodeficiencia adquirida. Las manifestaciones clínicas más frecuentes fueron los síntomas constitucionales, seguido de los respiratorios, los urinarios, el dolor lumbar y los testiculares. El diagnóstico se realizó a través de los hallazgos anatomopatológicos durante la autopsia. Conclusiones: La tuberculosis genitourinaria es una forma severa de tuberculosis extra pulmonar, que por la poca especificidad del cuadro clínico, tiene un índice de sospecha bajo, lo que resulta inconveniente, ya que no permite diagnóstico oportuno, ni tratamiento adecuado para prevenir daños severos irreversibles. Salud UIS 2009; 41: 181-196Introduction: Tuberculosis continues to be a serious public health problem worldwide, which increases with AIDS pandemic. Extra-pulmonary tuberculosis can compromise any organ, genitourinary system being one of the most affected therefore it is important to

  5. Implementing Student-Level Random Assignment during Summer School: Lessons Learned from an Efficacy Study of Online Algebra I for Credit Recovery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heppen, Jessica; Allensworth, Elaine; Walters, Kirk; Pareja, Amber Stitziel; Kurki, Anja; Nomi, Takako; Sorensen, Nicholas

    2011-01-01

    Credit recovery is one strategy to deal with high failure rates. The primary goal of credit recovery programs is to give students an opportunity to retake classes that they failed in an effort to get them back on track and keep them in school (Watson & Gemin, 2008). Most recently, as schools across the nation struggle to keep students on track…

  6. Escarabajos coprófagos (Coleoptera, Scarabaeoidea del Parque Nacional Los Estoraques (Norte de Santander, Colombia Coprophagous scarab beetles (Coleoptera, Scarabaeoidea of Los Estoraques National Park (Norte de Santander, Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jesus Orozco

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo se presenta información sobre los escarabajos coprófagos del Área Natural Única Los Estoraques (ANUE, Departamento de Norte de Santander, Colombia. Los muestreos fueron realizados durante los meses de febrero a diciembre del año 2002 en cuatro sitios con diferente grado de intervención, suministrando la captura de 10,538 individuos. Los sitios muestreados correspondieron a bosque seco premontano y bosque montañoso húmedo con diferentes grados de intervención. 16 especies de Scarabaeinae conformaron el 89% de las ejemplares colectados, el 11% restante (3 especies fue conformado por Hibosóridos. La totalidad de las especies se completo en el quinto muestreo. Se registró diferencia significativa en la riqueza y abundancia entre los sitios (P Information on the diversity and abundance of the coprophagous scarab beetles of Los Estoraques National Park (ANUE in Colombia is presented. Beetles were collected monthly from February to December 2002 with pitfall traps baited with human excrement. Four environments where sampled including montane dry forests and montane humid forests with different degrees of disruption. A total of 10,538 specimens representing 19 species were collected. All the species were collected by the fifth month. The Scarabaeinae represented 89% of the collected species (16; the remaining 11% were in Hybosoridae (3. An ANOVA analysis showed significant differences in richness and abundance between some of the sites. No correlation between precipitation and abundance was found for any of the sites sampled. For Norte de Santander, seven species are recorded for the first time, and the known altitudinal distribution in Colombia is expanded for four species.

  7. iUTAH Summer Research Institutes: Supporting the STEM Pipeline Through Engagement of High School, Undergraduate and Graduate Students, Secondary Teachers, and University Faculty in Authentic, Joint Research Experiences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stark, L. A.; Malone, M.

    2015-12-01

    Multiple types of programs are needed to support the STEM workforce pipeline from pre-college through graduate school and beyond. Short-term, intensive programs provide opportunities to participate in authentic scientific research for students who may not be sure of their interest in science and for teachers who may be unable to devote an entire summer to a research experience. The iUTAH (innovative Urban Transitions and Aridregion Hydro-Systainability) Summer Research Institute utilizes an innovative approach for a 5-day program that engages high school and undergraduate students as well as middle and high school teachers in conducting research projects led by graduate students and faculty members. Each Institute involves 3-4 half to full-day research projects. Participants collect (usually in the field) and analyze data for use in on-going research or that is related to a current research project. The participants work in groups with the graduate students to create a poster about each research project. They present their posters on the last day of the Institute at the state-wide meeting of all researchers and involved in this EPSCoR-funded program. In addition to introducing participants to research, one of the Institute's goals is to provide opportunities for meaningful near-peer interactions with students along the STEM pipeline from high school to undergraduate to graduate school. On the end-of-Institute evaluations, almost all students have reported that their discussions with other participants and with graduate students and faculty were a "Highly effective" or "Effective" part of the Institute. In response to a question about how the Institute will impact their course choices or their plans to pursue a career in science, many high school and undergraduate students have noted that they plan to take more science courses. Each year several undergraduates who were previously unsure about a career in science have indicated that they now intend to pursue a

  8. Tendencias organizativas y tipos de poder en doce líderes del municipio de San Gil, Santander

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wilmer Hernández-Velandia

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo da a conocer los resultados de la investigación basada en la recuperación etnográfica de los discursos de doce líderes sociales, culturales y de partidos políticos en el municipio de San Gil, Santander, en el marco de las Elecciones Legislativas de 2010 en Colombia. Se logran distinguir dos propuestas así: se identifican dos tendencias organizativas, una partidista y otra de autonomía social, cada una con interpretaciones distintas sobre problemas, propuestas de solución, roles y conceptos base; de otro lado, se deducen dos tipos de poder, uno representativo y otro diversificante, explicando la manera como éstos se fortalecen o debilitan en una u otra tendencia organizativa.

  9. Definición de las tendencias de fertilidad en suelos cafeteros de Charalá, Coromoro y Ocamonte (Santander

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Héctor Giovanny Galindo-Barrera

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Definir las tendencias de fertilidad en suelos cafeteros de Charalá, Coromoro y Ocamonte (Santander. Materiales y métodos. Se utilizó un importante número de análisis de suelos que permitieron recopilar 1485 muestras tomadas desde el año 1991, y que sirvieron como banco de datos para generar tendencias de fertilidad en los suelos cultivados con café de los municipios de Charalá, Coromoro y Ocamonte. Posteriormente, los datos fueron agrupados y organizados a nivel seccional, municipal y veredal, brindando así una mayor escala de detalle, lo que permitió elaborar mapas de fertilidad para la zona, teniendo en cuenta los requerimientos nutricionales para el cultivo de café en Colombia. Resultados. Se observaron condiciones de acidez, bajos contenidos de magnesio, calcio, potasio y condiciones medias de fósforo.

  10. Hydrometric characterization of the clays used in the manufacture of ceramic products in Ocaña, Norte de Santander

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo Andrés García León

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Currently in Ocaña, Norte de Santander exists a great variety of natural deposits that can be used to manufacture products of masonry as they are blocks, tiles, bricks, tiles, among others; But the manufacturing companies obtain a lot of waste due to the lack of technological analysis of the raw material to forecast the behavior of the ceramic pastes and to improve the quality of the final product. Objective: In the present work the physical characterization by hydrometry of the clays used in one of the companies dedicated to the manufacture of H-10 blocks in Ocaña, Norte de Santander, was carried out. Methodology: The development of the research was carried out by performing physical tests on samples of clays with which the percentages of sands, silts, and clays were determined; Which were located in the Winkler diagram to identify the types of existing clays according to their texture and the type of product that can be made to be able to formulate a paste of ceramic material. Results: The results obtained show that the clays currently used by the company are in the minimum indexes for the elaboration of blocks, reason why the addition of other clays with which the adequate level of quality with which they comply the requirements established by current standards. Conclusions: It is indispensable to characterize the clays to optimize the production pulp and to avoid imperfections in the final product (Block H-10, thus evidently improving the environmental and economic resources of the company.

  11. New fission-track age constraints on the exhumation of the central Santander Massif: Implications for the tectonic evolution of the Northern Andes, Colombia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amaya, Sergio; Zuluaga, Carlos Augusto; Bernet, Matthias

    2017-06-01

    The Late Cretaceous to late Neogene exhumation history of the central Santander Massif in the Northern Andes of Colombia is controlled by the geodynamic interactions between the Caribbean, South American and Nazca plates, as well as the Neogene collision and accretion of the Panama arc. Slab-breakoff of the Caribbean plate, with the tip of the slab tear presently being located beneath Bucaramanga, and the east-west oriented Caldas tear are the main structures relating seismic activity and Late Miocene to Pleistocene magmatic/hydrothermal activity and associated gold mineralization in the central Santander Massif. Here we present new apatite (AFT) and zircon fission-track (ZFT) data from 18 samples collected along two profiles in the California-Vetas block (including the Rio Charta), to the south of the Rio Charta fault, and from Bucaramanga to Picacho on the western flank of the central Santander Massif. The fission-track data are used for time-temperature history modelling and for estimating long-term average exhumation rates. The California-Vetas block in the central Santander Massif to the north of the Rio Charta fault cooled rapidly at a rate of about 24 °C/Myr between 10 and 5 Ma. Fast cooling was not related to post-magmatic cooling or hydrothermal activity, but rather to exhumation, with rates based on apatite fission-track cooling ages on the order of 0.3-0.4 km/Myr. However, long-term average exhumation rates since the Late Cretaceous, based on zircon fission-track data, were only on the order of 0.1-0.2 km/Myr. Our data indicate that next to the Rio Charta fault also the Surata fault contributed to the exhumation of the California-Vetas block. The western flank of the central Santander Massif, shows a more complete thermal history along the Bucaramanga-Picacho profile, with the exposure of an exhumed zircon fission-track partial annealing zone. Thermal history modelling of zircon fission-track data of this profile shows that after burial and heating from

  12. United States Air Force Summer Research Program -- 1991. High School Apprenticeship Program (HSAP) Reports, Volume 12: Rome Laboratory, Arnold Engineering Development Plan

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-12-01

    is used to control the graphical output of the system and act as a shell between the user and GNUPLOT . The interface controls such functions as...space. Later this plot can be viewed using a stand-alone version of GNUPLOT on any PC or workstation or 26-4 may be used a, a data file in a...8217 that allows the user to bypass the user interface and send commands directly to GNUPLOT . Later in the summer I began work on modifying GNUPLOT , a

  13. Especies vegetales dendroenergéticas utilizadas por los pobladores del Encino, Santander, Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Linares Castillo Édgar L.

    2005-07-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo forma parte del Proyecto Corredor NorAndino del Convenio Fundación ProAves Colombia–Fundación Natura Colombia. Tuvo como objeto documentar el uso, consumo y forma de recolección de la leña en las veredas Canadá, Patios Bajos y Patios Altos del municipio de Encino, Santander, Colombia (06º08’27’’ N, 73º06’07’ O. Las tres veredas pertenecen a un mismo sistema de agroecológico, denominado zona montaña alta de papales. Ésta zona comprende ante todo bosque natural de roble (Quercus humbolti de carácter secundario, altamente fragmentado debido a la ampliación de la frontera agropecuaria. La papa es el principal producto cultivado, siendo una fuente de ingreso importante para las familias de esta zona, aunque la principal entrada económica es la lechería. Durante el trabajo de campo se aplicaron entrevistas abiertas, dirigidas y de observación participativa. La leña es el recurso forestal más importante utilizado por los campesinos de las tres veredas, el 97% de las familias usa leña sola o combinada para la elaboración de todas las comidas del día y en pequeñas industrias rurales. Los pequeños parches de bosque ubicados en los predios familiares y las zonas de potreros son las principales fuentes
    de combustible, cuya distancia a la vivienda puede variar desde menos de 0,1 a 2 km. En el 56% de los casos su recolección es realizada por todos los miembros de la familia, esta labor por lo general se realiza diariamente, empleando un promedio de dos horas al día. Se encontraron 27especies de árboles y arbustos útiles como combustible, siendo el roble la especie más importante contribuyendo con 73% del total de leña que consume una familia. Se halló que el consumo anual de leña en una familia corresponde a 6,2 t. Consumo que es determinado tanto por las condiciones ecológicas, como por aspectos culturales y socioeconómicos. En esta región el consumo no sigue ningún proceso de planeación, ni

  14. Industrial Applications of Solar Chemistry. Lectures from the Summer School at the Plataforma Solar de Almeria. Solar Thermal Energy: The Clean Way to Generate Electricity and Produce Chemicals.Training and Mobility of Researchers Programme. Almeria, 21-25, September, 1998

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-07-01

    A Summer School entitled Solar thermal Energy. The Clean Way to Generate Electricity and Produce Chemicals consisting of two one-week courses, was held at the Plataforma Solar de Almeria (PSA) in July and September, 1998. The first was called Solar Thermal Electricity Generation and the second. Industrial Applications of Solar Chemistry. Through both topics concerned the use of solar light as the energy source and the courses were organised within one. Summer School, they clearly cover very different disciplines and it therefore makes sense to publish course materials separately. This volume is a compilation of the lectures given in the course on Electricity Generation. (Author)

  15. Under Summer Skies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Texley, Juliana

    2009-01-01

    There's no better way to celebrate 2009, the International Year of Astronomy, than by curling up with a good book under summer skies. To every civilization, in every age, the skies inspired imagination and scientific inquiry. There's no better place to start your summer reading than under their influence. Here are a few selections identified by…

  16. Hydromania: Summer Science Camp Curriculum.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Moura, Joan

    1995-07-01

    In 1992, Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) and the US Department of Energy (DOE) began a collaborative pilot project with the Portland Parks and Recreation Community Schools Program and others to provide summer science camps to children in Grades 4--6. Camps run two weeks in duration between late June and mid-August. Sessions are five days per week, from 9 a.m. to 3 p.m. In addition to hands-on science and math curriculum, at least three field trips are incorporated into the educational learning experience. The purpose of the BPA/DOE summer camps is to make available opportunities for fun, motivating experiences in science to students who otherwise would have difficulty accessing them. This includes inner city, minority, rural and low income students. Public law 101-510, which Congress passed in 1990, authorizes DOE facilities to establish collaborative inner-city and rural partnership programs in science and math. A primary goal of the BPA summer hands on science camps is to bring affordable science camp experiences to students where they live. It uses everyday materials to engage students` minds and to give them a sense that they have succeeded through a fun hands-on learning environment.

  17. 读桑坦德银行的企业社会责任年报%Grupo Santander's Annul Report of Corporate Social Responsibility

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张明莉

    2006-01-01

    @@ 近日,西班牙桑坦德银行(Grupo Santander)宣布将在中国启动"桑坦德大学项目"(Santander Universities),该项目是桑坦德银行企业社会责任全球计划的一个部分,将首先建立天津大学、哈尔滨师范大学、佳木斯大学等高校与巴西、墨西哥和阿根廷等拉美国家领先高校之间的联系与合作,今后还会把更多的中国高校纳入其中.中国是桑坦德银行实施这类项目所选择的第一个亚洲国家.

  18. Comparación entre la habilidad de cuidado de cuidadores de pacientes con enfermedad cerebrovascular Y diabetes mellitus en san josé de cúcuta, norte de santander

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dianne Sofía González-Escobar

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available Objective :To compare the care ability among the family caretakers of patients with Mellitus Diabetes and Cerebral Vascular diseases in San Jose de Cucuta, Norte de Santander. Materials And Methodology:It corresponds to a descriptive and comparative type of quantitative approach among the family caretakers of 64 Cerebral Vascular disease and 64 Mellitus Diabetes disease patients. Results: It contents a description of the study groups about the gender, age, school level, civil status, occupation, socioeconomical level, time and care of the patient from diagnosis, kinship, and the level of potential functionson the receptor of the care according to their physical and cognitive capacities. The level of the total ability and its dimensions such as Knowledge, Courage and Patience are compared between the caretakers groups. The study showed similarity in the socio-demographic characteristics of the participants, as of in the level of potential functions on the receptors of the care. Argument: The findings of the study confirmed what was reported in the nursing literature regarding the socio-demographic characteristics and the shortcomings

  19. Japanese Summer: Journal Excerpts for Classroom Use.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harris, Judy

    1986-01-01

    Using diary excerpts from a teacher's trip to Japan in the summer of 1985, this article provides four lesson plans for involving elementary through high school students in the study of cultural values, critical thinking skills, leadership, and international understanding. (JDH)

  20. Early Entry for Youth into the Ocean Science Pipeline Through Ocean Science School Camp and Summer Camp Programs: A Key Strategy for Enhancing Diversity in the Ocean Sciences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crane, N. L.; Wasser, A.; Weiss, T.; Sullivan, M.; Jones, A.

    2004-12-01

    Educators, policymakers, employers and other stakeholders in ocean and other geo-science fields face the continuing challenge of a lack of diversity in these fields. A particular challenge for educators and geo-science professionals promoting ocean sciences is to create programs that have broad access, including access for underrepresented youth. Experiential learning in environments such as intensive multi-day science and summer camps can be a critical captivator and motivator for young people. Our data suggest that youth, especially underrepresented youth, may benefit from exposure to the oceans and ocean science through intensive, sustained (eg more than just an afternoon), hands-on, science-based experiences. Data from the more than 570 youth who have participated in Camp SEA Lab's academically based experiential ocean science camp and summer programs provide compelling evidence for the importance of such programs in motivating young people. We have paid special attention to factors that might play a role in recruiting and retaining these young people in ocean science fields. Over 50% of program attendees were underrepresented youth and on scholarship, which gives us a closer look at the impact of such programs on youth who would otherwise not have the opportunity to participate. Both cognitive (knowledge) and affective (personal growth and motivation) indicators were assessed through surveys and questionnaires. Major themes drawn from the data for knowledge growth and personal growth in Camp SEA Lab youth attendees will be presented. These will be placed into the larger context of critical factors that enhance recruitment and retention in the geo-science pipeline. Successful strategies and challenges for involving families and broadening access to specialized programs such as Camp SEA Lab will also be discussed.

  1. NEWS: AAPT Summer Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mellema, Steve

    2000-11-01

    The 2000 Summer Meeting of the American Association of Physics Teachers (AAPT) was held from 28~July-2~August at the University of Guelph in Ontario, Canada. Despite somewhat rainy weather throughout the week, the annual gathering was an enjoyable one, filled with interesting talks on the state of physics education in North America. Using a new scheduling format for the summer meeting, all of the paid workshops and tutorials were held on Saturday and Sunday 29-30 July. The invited and contributed papers for the main AAPT meeting were then presented on Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday. As had been done in 1999 in San Antonio, a two-day tandem meeting dedicated to Physics Education Research (PER) was held on Wednesday and Thursday 2-3 August, immediately after the main AAPT meeting. Over the three days of the main meeting, 60 sessions were held under the sponsorship of various AAPT committees. These included sessions (numbers in parentheses) organized by the committees on Apparatus (1), Astronomy Education (3), Awards (2), Computers (5), Graduate Education (2), High Schools (1), History and Philosophy (1), Instructional Media (3), International Education (1), Laboratories (2), Pre-High School Education (2), Programs (4), Professional Concerns (6), Research in Physics Education (8), Science Education for the Public (2), Two-Year Colleges (5), Undergraduate Education (7) and Women in Physics (4). Figure 1. Guelph Church of Our Lady. The main meeting opened on Sunday evening with an invited lecture by Dr John J Simpson from the host institution, the University of Guelph, describing the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory. At the ceremonial session that began the activities on Monday morning, recognition was given to Clifford Swartz for his almost 30 years of service as Editor of the AAPT journal, The Physics Teacher. This was followed by an invited talk by Jim Nelson from Seminole County Public School in Florida, who received the Excellence in Pre-College Teaching Award. The

  2. Building Enrollment in Summer Programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Child Care Information Exchange, 1994

    1994-01-01

    Presents suggestions from 17 day-care center directors on ways to improve summer enrollment. Suggestions include marketing summer programs early; offering reasonable fees, with reduced fees for low-income families; organizing new or different summer programs; creating a summer camp atmosphere; offering short-term summer programs; and including…

  3. Registration Summer Camp 2016

    CERN Multimedia

    2016-01-01

    Reminder: registration for the CERN Staff Association Summer Camp is now open for children from 4 to 6 years old.   More information on the website: http://nurseryschool.web.cern.ch/. The summer camp is open to all children. The proposed cost is 480.-CHF/week, lunch included. The camp will be open weeks 27, 28, 29 and 30, from 8:30 a.m. to 5:30 p.m. For further questions, you are welcome to contact us by email at Summer.Camp@cern.ch. CERN Staff Association

  4. Situación demográfica y epidemiológica de los adultos mayores. Santander. 1964 – 2011 / Demographic and Epidemiological Situation of Elderly People. Santander. 1964 – 2011 / Situação demográfica e epidemiológica das pessoas idosas. Santander. 1964 – 2011

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Luz Loaiza-Valencia, MSc.

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: El envejecimiento poblacional ocurre en todo el mundo, como resultado de la disminución de las tasas de fecundidad, natalidad, mortalidad y aumento en la esperanza de vida. Junto con el resultado natural del envejecimiento ocurren circunstancias como el incremento de la carga de enfermedad, representado en padecimientos crónicos, degenerativos y discapacitantes. Objetivo: Describir la situación demográfica y epidemiológica de los adultos mayores del departamento de Santander entre 1964 y 2020, y la información de morbilidad del año 2011. Metodología: Se utilizaron los censos y proyecciones de población, e indicadores demográficos entre 1964 y 2020, defunciones no fetales por lugar de residencia, y Registros individuales de prestación de servicios de salud (RIPS del año 2011. Se realizó análisis descriptivo con base en las variables sexo, edad, diagnóstico de consulta y causa básica de muerte. Resultados: La población santandereana muestra un constante aumento en su número pero a un ritmo menor que décadas atrás. Las tasas de fecundidad y natalidad han venido en descenso, y se proyecta que la tasa de mortalidad empezará a incrementarse de nuevo, así mismo la esperanza de vida tiene un comportamiento ascendente. En el año 2015 habrá 251,136 personas de 60 y más años, el 44% serán hombres frente al 56% de mujeres. Conclusiones: Las tasas de natalidad y fecundidad se proyectan al descenso. Por el contrario la tasa bruta de mortalidad se incrementó a partir del 2010 y se proyecta que continúe en esta dirección hasta estabilizarse. La esperanza de vida al nacer es mayor para las mujeres que para los hombres, estos datos ratifican el fenómeno de la feminización del envejecimiento. La situación de la morbilidad es de carácter agudo, y crónico y de enfermedades no transmisibles. [Loaiza Valencia AL. Situación demográfica y epidemiológica de los adultos mayores. Santander. 1964 – 2011. MedUNAB 2015

  5. Canasta básica alimentaria e índice de precios en Santander, Colombia, 1999-2000 Alimentary basic basket and index of prices in Santander, Colombia, 1999-2000

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oscar Fernando Herrán-Falla

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Establecer indicadores de seguridad alimentaria (SA en dos municipios colombianos. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: En el periodo 1999-2000 se realizó un estudio descriptivo en dos municipios del departamento de Santander, Colombia, que determinó el costo de canastas básicas alimentarias (CBA, para estimar índices de precios (IPC, su variación, e indicadores de SA relacionados con el salario mínimo legal vigente (SMLV. Se calcularon estadísticos de tendencia central y dispersión según el tipo de variables. Para el cálculo de los índices de precios al consumidor se utilizó el método de Laspayres. Para la comparación de éstos se utilizaron coeficientes de correlación de Pearson y de Sperman. RESULTADOS: No se encontraron diferencias en los IPC por municipio (p>0.05. Los IPC acumulados año son de un dígito. Los porcentajes de inseguridad alimentaria (IA estuvieron por encima de 50%, encontrándose diferencias por municipio, en 1999 (p=0.04, en 2000 (p=0.88. La IA aumentó en promedio cinco puntos para el periodo 1999- 2000. Se necesita en promedio 1.24 SMLV por mes para acceder a una CBA familiar. CONCLUSIONES: La capacidad de compra del SMLV no satisface los requerimientos familiares de energía y nutrientes. La SA local seguirá deteriorándose, debido al comportamiento de sus determinantes.OBJECTIVE: To establish indicators for food security (FS in two Colombian municipalities. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In 1999-2000, a descriptive study was carried out in two municipalities of the department of Santander, Colombia, that determined the cost of basic food baskets (BFB, to estimate price indices (PI, their variation, and indicators of FS related to the legally set minimum wage (MW. RESULTS: No differences were found in the PI by municipality (p>0.05. The annual cumulative price indices were a single digit. The percentages of food insecurity (FI were upwards of 50%, differing by municipality, in 1999 (p=0,04, and 2000 (p=0,88. The FI

  6. GOOGLE SUMMER OF CODE

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Leslie Hawthorn

    2008-01-01

      This article examines the Google Summer of Code (GSoC) program, the world's first global initiative to introduce College and University students to free/libre open source software (F/LOSS) development...

  7. Summer Meal Sites

    Data.gov (United States)

    Allegheny County / City of Pittsburgh / Western PA Regional Data Center — Information pertaining to Summer Meal Sites, as collected by Citiparks in the City of Pittsburgh Department of Parks and Recreation. This dataset includes the...

  8. SUMMER STUDENT LECTURE PROGRAMME

    CERN Multimedia

    Academic Training; Tel. 73127

    2001-01-01

    Main Auditorium bldg. 500 Date Time Lecturer Title Monday 13 August 9:15 10:15 11:15 Student Session (3/3) Course Review Course Review Tuesday 14 August 16:00 Poster Session Further information can be obtained on the web at the following URL: Summer Student Lecture ProgrammeSummer Student Lectures are available at: http://agenda.cern.ch/SSLP2001

  9. A Summer Camp

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    正This summer,I had some special days.I joined Dongzhou International Educational Exchange Summer Camp. First,I will tell you about our foreign teachers,they are Shrina and Rebecca. They are friendly and beautiful.They are students at Oxford University. We talked about many things:famous people,subjects in England,different jobs, our deal days,western star signs,what can we say in a restaurant and so on.

  10. News Conference: The Big Bangor Day Meeting Lecture: Charterhouse plays host to a physics day Festival: Science on Stage festival 2013 arrives in Poland Event: Scottish Physics Teachers' Summer School Meeting: Researchers and educators meet at Lund University Conference: Exeter marks the spot Recognition: European Physical Society uncovers an historic site Education: Initial teacher education undergoes big changes Forthcoming events

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-01

    Conference: The Big Bangor Day Meeting Lecture: Charterhouse plays host to a physics day Festival: Science on Stage festival 2013 arrives in Poland Event: Scottish Physics Teachers' Summer School Meeting: Researchers and educators meet at Lund University Conference: Exeter marks the spot Recognition: European Physical Society uncovers an historic site Education: Initial teacher education undergoes big changes Forthcoming events

  11. Advanced-Skill Instruction in Chapter 1 Summer Programs and Student Achievement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    D'Agostino, Jerome; Hiestand, Nancy

    Summer school is thought to be an effective alternative delivery mode for Chapter 1 education. The effectiveness of summer Chapter 1 programs was studied during Fall 1993 in 68 Chicago (Illinois) public schools. Students who had been in fourth grade in 1991-92 were divided into a group that had received Chapter 1 help during the school year and…

  12. Summer Steelhead Distribution [ds341

    Data.gov (United States)

    California Department of Resources — Summer Steelhead Distribution October 2009 Version This dataset depicts observation-based stream-level geographic distribution of anadromous summer-run steelhead...

  13. Redes de coautoría de investigación en salud pública en Santander

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Néstor F. Naranjo-Estupiñán

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Introducción. Aunque hay mucha investigación relacionada con la salud pública, aún persisten grandes desigualdades en este campo. Es necesario conocer cómo se genera el conocimiento y cómo se divulga al público para acercar la investigación a los tomadores de decisiones. Objetivo. Caracterizar las redes de investigación en salud pública en Santander, Colombia. Materiales y métodos. Se analizaron las redes sociales con base en la coautoría de publicaciones científicas de investigadores residentes en Santander durante el 2012. Se identificó a los investigadores mediante el llamado muestreo de “bola de nieve”. Las publicaciones se buscaron en bases de datos nacio-nales e internacionales. Se calcularon la densidad y la distancia geodésica promedio de la red, así como el tamaño, las parejas, el agente conector (broker y la ‘homofilia’ (afinidad de las redes egocéntricas. Resultados. Se detectaron 531 investigadores, la mayoría en epidemiología (77,59 % y en más de un área temática. La densidad de la red fue de 0,0058 y, la distancia geodésica promedio, de 4,418. Varios indicadores sugirieron que las redes egocéntricas más cohesionadas fueron las de quienes investigan en más de un área del conocimiento o en epidemiología. La ‘homofilia’ fue menor en sistemas de salud, bioestadística y ciencias sociales y del comportamiento, así como en instituciones hospitalarias privadas y en la universidad pública. Conclusiones. La estructura de la red sugiere una fase de crecimiento de la investigación y un predominio de la aproximación epidemiológica. Es necesario fortalecer las demás áreas de salud pública para mejorar la respuesta ante las necesidades de salud del departamento.

  14. An evaluation of the 1997 JPL Summer Teacher Enhancement Program

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Slovacek, Simeon P.; Doyle-Nichols, Adelaide R.

    1997-10-20

    There were two major components in the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) Summer Teacher Enhancement Project (STEP). First, the Summer Institute was structured as a four-week, 4-credit-unit University course for middle school science teachers, and consisted of workshops, lectures, labs, and tours as activities. The second component consists of follow-up activities related to the summer institute's contents, and again is structured as a University credit-bearing course for participants to reinforce their summer training. Considerable information from the comments and course ratings as given by the participants is included.

  15. Interaction Frugivores and Miconia Floribunda (Bonpl Dc. (Melastomataceae in the Yariguíes Serranía Pnn (Santander

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandro Cabrejo Bello

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study is to identify the species of birds that feed on the fruits of Miconia floribunda (Bonpl DC. and describe their foraging behavior, which influence on seed dispersal processes of the species in an area of the National Park of YariguíesSerranía (Santander, Colombia. The area is home to forests in good condition to serve as transition between the Magdalena River valley and the highlands of eastern Colombian Andes. Seed dispersal is a fundamental process that models the structure of the vegetation cover, promotes the establishment and perpetuation of the same, to abundant bird life and is a constant source of food. The observations showed a sampling intensity of 19 hours per researcher, accumulating a total of 57 hours of observation. 176 events were recorded frugivory, recording 13 species of birds belonging to four families, predominantly Thraupidae family with 10 species belonging to five genera, which constituted 89% of the frequency of visits for this study. There were two types of manipulation of the fruit: engulfed and mash. For two species of Diglossa manipulation technique was macerated fruit so it may be less efficient seed dispersal because they dropped some of the fruit in the vicinity of the parent plant, which decreases the chances of recruitment.

  16. Características del Liderazgo Político en Santander-Colombia: 1988-2002

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lya Fernández de Mantilla

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available El propósito de este trabajo es el de mostrar los resultados de la investigación sobre el perfil del Liderazgo Político e el Departamento de Santander-Colombia; el objetivo general del estudio fue el de caracterizar los aspectos mas importantes de este fenómeno político, mediante la paliación de la escala multidimencional de liderazgo, que permitió describir las dimensiones de personalidad, comportamiento, redes de apoyo, entorno político y percepciones de las personas seleccionadas que han ocupado cargos de elección popular como alcaldes, concejales, diputados y representantes durante tres o mas periodos electorales entre 1988 a 2002 en los municipios de Bucaramanga, Floridablanca, Piedecuesta, Girón, Barrancabermeja, Socorro y San Gil. Los factores aplicados reflejan liderazgos en proceso de transición entre los caracterizados por decisiones fuertemente personalizados y otros mas participativos, consultivos, técnicos y preocupados por la solución de problemas locales, pero con desarraigo cultural.

  17. El conflicto colombo-peruano y las reacciones del Centro de Historia de Santander (CHS, 1932-1937

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monika Liliana Gonzalez

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available El artículo examina y describe las reacciones que tuvo el Centro de Historia de Santander (CHS, tras el inicio del conflicto con el Perú en 1932. En la primera parte del trabajo se caracteriza sucintamente la llamada Guerra con el Perú (1932-1933 con el fin de ubicar al lector en los acontecimientos que generaron la movilización de un grupo de hombres de letras en Bucaramanga (Colombia en la defensa simbólica de su Patria. En la segunda, se procura mostrar cómo una entidad cultural dedicada a la creación del pasado regional, como fue el CHS, desarrolló una serie de eventos, actividades y publicaciones que dan cuenta de un uso político del pasado nacional. Con ello, sus miembros cumplieron el objetivo misional de defender la integridad territorial de Colombia y difundir el sentimiento patriótico en la sociedad santandereana.

  18. La legislación de la lucha antialcohólica en Santander (1923-1928

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Freddy Alexander Sierra Garzón

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available La legislación de la lucha antialcohólica se decretó en los años veinte del siglo anterior, esta legislación se ubicó en un periodo conocido en la historiografía nacional como el inicio del proceso de modernización del Estado colombiano. El contenido de la legislación facultó a los gobernadores para la eliminación de las rentas de licores en los departamentos, pero también fue un paquete normativo que buscaba el control en la producción, comercialización y consumo de todos los licores. El presente artículo analizó la aplicación de la legislación nacional en el departamento de Santander. Las consecuencias finales abarcaron la eliminación en la fabricación de licores artesanales (chicha y guarapo y la consolidación de una empresa oficial del departamento dedicada a la destilación del aguardiente de caña.

  19. Building Astronomy Curriculum to Include the Sight Impaired: Week long summer camp activities for Middle School Students adherent to Washington State Curriculum Standards (EALR's)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramien, Natalie; Loebman, S. R.; Player, V.; Larson, A.; Torcolini, N. B.; Traverse, A.

    2011-01-01

    Currently astronomy learning is heavily geared towards visual aids; however, roughly 10 million people in North America are sight impaired. Every student should have access to meaningful astronomy curriculum; an understanding of astronomy is an expectation of national and state science learning requirements. Over the last ten years, Noreen Grice has developed Braille and large print astronomy text books aimed at sight impaired learners. We build upon Grice's written work and present here a five day lesson plan that integrates 2D reading with 3D activities. Through this curriculum, students develop an intuitive understanding of astronomical distance, size, composition and lifetimes. We present five distinct lesson modules that can be taught individually or in a sequential form: the planets, our sun, stars, stellar evolution and galaxies. We have tested these modules on sight impaired students and report the results here. Overall, we find the work presented here lends itself equally well to a week long science camp geared toward middle school sight impaired taught by astronomers or as supplemental material integrated into a regular classroom science curriculum. This work was made possible by a 2007 Simple Effective Education and Dissemination (SEED) Grant For Astronomy Researchers, Astronomical Society of the Pacific through funds provided by the Planck Mission, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology.

  20. Making Summer Matter: The Impact of Youth Employment on Academic Performance. Working Paper #03-14

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schwartz, Amy Ellen; Leos-Urbel, Jacob; Silander, Megan; Wiswall, Matt

    2014-01-01

    Holding a summer job is a rite of passage in American adolescence, a first rung towards adulthood and self-sufficiency. However, over the past decade, youth employment during the summer has decreased significantly. Summer youth employment has the potential to benefit high school students' educational outcomes and employment trajectories,…

  1. ASHRAE Summer Meeting 1998

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rudbeck, Claus Christian

    1998-01-01

    ASHRAE's (American Society for Heating, Refrigerating and Air- Condition Engineering) summer meeting was visited in June in Toronto. ASHRAE is an American organization dealing with American problems in HVAC, but many results can be used under Danish conditions. It is therefore essential that Danish...

  2. Summer Youth Forestry Institute

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roesch, Gabrielle E.; Neuffer, Tamara; Zobrist, Kevin

    2013-01-01

    The Summer Youth Forestry Institute (SYFI) was developed to inspire youth through experiential learning opportunities and early work experience in the field of natural resources. Declining enrollments in forestry and other natural resource careers has made it necessary to actively engage youth and provide them with exposure to careers in these…

  3. Summer student report

    CERN Document Server

    Gonzalez-Conde Perez, Jose Luis

    2013-01-01

    Summer student report at EN/MME department. It consists of two parts. The first part explains the implementation of a reference manager system for the accumulated information. The second part talks about the implementation of a program to remote-control a hybrid controller. The controller is used in a prototype of the nano-stabilization system for the future Compact LInear Collider.

  4. Summer student report

    CERN Document Server

    Peedo, Kreete

    2017-01-01

    This report is an overview of the work done in the course of the summer student program. Analysing different OPC-UA stacks. Implemented and evaluated using the OPC-UA Local Discovery Server. Tested the OPC-UA software for calibration curve fitting and analog signal quality measurements.

  5. International Summer Programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cox, June

    1979-01-01

    The article describes five summer programs for gifted and talented students offered internationally. The programs outlined are workshops in the publication arts, a study of humanistic development; computer science, writing, and photography workshops; a language study; a historical/social study of English history; and a workshop on photography,…

  6. Books for Summer Reading.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Phi Delta Kappan, 1995

    1995-01-01

    Recommends many books for summer reading enjoyment, concentrating on historical and contemporary fiction. Different cultures clash in William T. Vollman's "Fathers and Crows" and John Demos's adventuresome "Unredeemed Captive." Other suggestions: "Snow Falling on Cedar Mountain" (David Gutterman) and "Foxfire" (Joyce Carol Oates). For professional…

  7. Summer lodge residency

    OpenAIRE

    Morrad, Annie

    2015-01-01

    The summer lodge residency was based in Nottingham from June 29th to July 10th Each of the artists was given a studio space and technical facilities. There were discussion points and meals, a seminar day, open presentations and reflection time.

  8. Books for Summer Reading.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Phi Delta Kappan, 1993

    1993-01-01

    Recommends fine fiction for summer reading, including Nadine Gordimer's "My Son's Story" (1991), Lillian Smith's "Strange Fruit" (1944), Josephine Hart's "Damage" (1991), Jane Smiley's "A Thousand Acres" (1991), and George Eliot's "Middlemarch" (1874). Nonfiction suggestions include Harlan Lane's "Mask of Benevolence" (1992), Diane Ackerman's "A…

  9. Books for Summer Reading.

    Science.gov (United States)

    [Editors

    2001-01-01

    Teachers and education professors suggest various nonfiction and fiction books for summer reading enjoyment, from Robert Putnam's "Bowling Alone," C.A. Bowers's "Let Them Eat Data," and Larry McMurtry's "Roads: Driving America's Great Highways" to Kent Hauf's "Plainsong, J.M. Coetzee's "Disgrace," and Michael Cunningham's "The Hours." (MLH)

  10. La neutropenia severa febril en niños con cáncer: Estudio descriptivo en el Hospital Universitario de Santander Severe febrile neutropenia in children with cancer: A descriptive study at the Hospital Universitario de Santander

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ernesto Rueda

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Objetivos: Describir una población oncológica afectada por neutropenia severa febril, sus características demográficas, nutricionales, microbiológicas, de tratamiento y severidad de la enfermedad. Materiales y métodos: Esta es una serie de casos prospectiva de los pacientes atendidos en el Hospital Universitario de Santander entre enero/2007 y enero/2008. Resultados: Veintiun (21 pacientes aportaron 35 episodios de neutropenia febril; 65,7% eran hombres, la edad promedio 5,6 años; 38,3% vivían en el Área Metropolitana de Bucaramanga y 91,4% en estrato socioeconómico bajo. El diagnóstico oncológico más frecuente fue leucemia linfocítica aguda. Ninguno presentó dolor abdominal o síntomas neurológicos. La neutropenia se detectó 8,5 días en promedio posterior a la última quimioterapia. El 31,4% no tuvieron neutrófilos absolutos, 54,2% plaquetas Objective: To describe an oncological population affected with severe febrile neutropenia, its demographic, nutritional, and microbiological features, their treatment and severity of the illness. Materials and methods: A descriptive-prospective clinical chart review from attended patients at the Hospital Universitario de Santander, from January/2007 to January/2008. Results: Twenty (21 patients contributed with 35 febrile neutropenia episodes; 65.7% were male; they aged average was 5.6-years; 38.37% lived in Bucaramanga Metropolitan Area; 91.4% had low economic status. The most frequent oncological diagnosis was acute lumphocytic leukemia. No one presented abdominal pain or neurological symptoms. The neutropenia was detected 8.5 days after the last chemotherapy cycle. 31.4% patients had no absolute neutrophils; 54.2% blood platelets <50,000/mm3, 45.7% had reactive C protein <90 mg|/dL. The bloodculture was positive only in 7 patients. It was found the infection focus in 88.6% of the episodes and the most frequently diagnosis were related with the gastrointestinal tract. The most used

  11. Portadores nasales de Staphylococcus aureus en personal que labora en un Hospital de Santander Nasal carriers of Staphylococcus aureus in the personnel that works in a Hospital of Santander

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cindy Tatiana Espinosa González

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: Las infecciones intrahospitalarias constituyen un problema de salud pública mundial, la diseminación de bacterias patógenas a partir del personal de salud, ha sido el enfoque de numerosas investigaciones que buscan mejorar la calidad de vida de los pacientes. Objetivo: Determinar la frecuencia de portadores de Staphylococcus aureus en fosas nasales del personal que labora en las unidades de cuidados intensivos, infectología pediátrica y lactario en un Hospital en Santander. Metodología: Se estudiaron muestras provenientes de fosas nasales de 87 trabajadores del Hospital. Las cepas aisladas se identificaron mediante las pruebas bioquímicas y posteriormente, se determinó el perfil de susceptibilidad ante diferentes antibióticos, se realizó test D a las cepas de S. aureus. Resultados: La frecuencia de portadores de bacterias patógenas fue 41,4%; el patógeno aislado con mayor frecuencia fue S. aureus (72%, donde el porcentaje de S. aureus meticilino-resistentes (SARM fue de 11,6%, Enterobacter aerogenes (6%, Proteus mirabilis (2,3%, Haemophylus influenzae (1,1%, Citrobacter koseri (1,1% y Providencia rettgeri (1,1%. Conclusión: S. aureus es el agente aislado con mayor frecuencia de las fosas nasales del personal de salud y la presencia de SARM es preocupante por su resistencia a los antibióticos, lo que dificulta su tratamiento. Este hecho evidencia la necesidad de actuar con un carácter preventivo, en el cual el control de portadores es crítico y debe asociarse con medidas de bioseguridad que establezcan barreras más eficientes, para reducir la diseminación del microorganismo y la ocurrencia de infecciones intrahospitalarias. Salud UIS 2011; 43 (2: 111-117Introduction: Nosocomial infections are a public health problem worldwide, its spread start from health personnel carrier of pathogenic bacteria, it has been the focus of a large number of research to improve the quality of life of the patients. Objective: To

  12. 北京高等师范学校暑期图书馆学讲习会95周年纪念%The 95 Anniversary of Summer Library Science Workshop by Beijing Higher Normal School

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴稌年

    2016-01-01

    1920年8月,北京高等师范学校举办的暑期图书馆学讲习会,开创了中国图书馆界在职人员业务教育、培训的历史。通过对以美国图书馆学理论与实际为主要内容的学习与培训,与会人员回到各馆将所学内容应用于实践,成为中国图书馆界“以美为师”的标志性事件。讲习会集中了当时图书馆界的主要核心力量,奠定了创建首个图书馆界全国性学术组织的基础。%In August 1920,Beijing Higher Normal School held a Summer Library Science Workshop,which ushered in a new era of library staff education and training. With American library science theory and practice as the main content of learning and training,the participants returned to their libraries to apply what they learnt into prac﹣tice,which became the hallmark event in Chinese library world. The seminar gathered the main force of libraries at that time,and laid the foundation for establishing the first national academic library organization.

  13. Experiencia de la escuela de caminos de Santander en la formación sobre ingeniería civil para cooperación al desarrollo¿

    OpenAIRE

    Rodríguez González, José Antonio; Pérez Foguet, Agustí

    2007-01-01

    La Subdirección para Cooperación al Desarrollo de la Escuela de Caminos de Santander ha potenciado las actividades formativas en Ingenier ía Civil para Cooperación al Desarrollo, como respuesta a una demanda profesional de futuro. Tomando como base la experiencia de las Escuelas de Caminos de Barcelona y de la Coruña y contando con la experiencia práctica de ISF, la Escuela de Caminos de Santander, apoyada por las delegaciones de los Colegios Profesionales de ICCP e ITOP en ...

  14. DISEÑO METODOLÓGICO PARA LA MEDICIÓN DE LA RSE EN EL SECTOR DEL CARBÓN EN NORTE DE SANTANDER

    OpenAIRE

    Jorge Enrique Rodríguez Guevara

    2014-01-01

    El presente artículo es una contribución a la búsqueda de una metodología para medir la Responsabilidad Social Empresarial (RSE) en el sector del carbón en Norte de Santander. Por tanto, el papel central de las empresas actualmente está enlazado no solo con los negocios, sino también con el beneficio que las empresas pueden generar a la sociedad y su entorno; lo cual, se considera como el elemento clave para enfrentar los desafíos en asuntos de desarrollo, incluyendo un fac...

  15. Aspectos ecofisiológicos y compuestos bioactivos de guayaba (PsidiumguajavaL.) en la Provincia de Vélez, Santander-Colombia

    OpenAIRE

    Solarte Cruz, María Elena

    2013-01-01

    Los frutales tropicales promisorios constituyen un campo de la diversidad biológica agrícola colombiana poco estudiado y subutilizado. La guayaba (Psidiumguajava) es un frutal tropical representante de este grupo; que presenta una amplia variabilidad en sus características morfológicas, fisiológicas y agronómicas. En la provincia de Vélez Santander la guayaba se cultiva de forma semisilvestre que aporta un gran volumen de la producción nacional y contrasta con los sistemas más tecnificados en...

  16. Realidad fiscal de los municipios del departamento de Santander, en el marco del proceso de descentralización fiscal en Colombia, 2004-2012

    OpenAIRE

    Jorge Enrique Asela Molina

    2015-01-01

    Este documento explora el proceso de descentralización en Colombia desde su marco normativo y su relación con las finanzas públicas de los municipios del departamento de Santander, por medio del análisis de la situación fiscal de los entes territoriales del departamento durante 2004-2012. Para este ejercicio se toman como referencia los indicadores de dependencia intergubernamentales y esfuerzo fiscal, planteados por el Departamento Nacional de Planeación (DNP). Se evidencian, en la mayoría d...

  17. Aspectos ecofisiológicos y compuestos bioactivos de guayaba (PsidiumguajavaL.) en la Provincia de Vélez, Santander-Colombia

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    Los frutales tropicales promisorios constituyen un campo de la diversidad biológica agrícola colombiana poco estudiado y subutilizado. La guayaba (Psidiumguajava) es un frutal tropical representante de este grupo; que presenta una amplia variabilidad en sus características morfológicas, fisiológicas y agronómicas. En la provincia de Vélez Santander la guayaba se cultiva de forma semisilvestre que aporta un gran volumen de la producción nacional y contrasta con los sistemas más tecnificados en...

  18. Los primeros mapas modernos de vegetación en España: los bosquejos dasográficos de Asturias y Santander (1862)

    OpenAIRE

    González Pellejero, Raquel

    1992-01-01

    RESUMEN. A mediados del siglo XIX, los Ingenieros de Montes, dentro de las labores de la Jtmta General de Estadística, emprendieron la realización de los Bosquejos Dasográficos de las provincias españolas. Esta interesante cartografía temática, precedente del Mapa Forestal de España, habría sido una obra de inmenso valor para el análisis histórico de la vegetación si se hubiera concluido. Los bosquejos realizados para las provincias de Santander y Oviedo lo corroboran. RÉSUMÉ. Au milieu du...

  19. Building envelope of the Botín Art Centre in Santander. Viability study of the solution using ceramic discs screwed onto aluminium sheet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. Sarrablo

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The Botín Art Centre in Santander has a geometrically complex and constructively sophisticated architectural envelope. What stands out is its outer pearly sheen ceramic cladding. It consists of an innovative disc-shaped ceramic anchoring system attached to an aluminium tray by means of a threaded rod fixed with epoxy resin. In this article, we will address the technical development and on-site set up of this continuous enclosure. We will also comment on the results of the test runs performed to prove the viability of this cladding in Santander’s maritime climate.

  20. Una nueva mirada a la frontera: diplomacia cultural como estrategia de integración en Norte de Santander y Táchira

    OpenAIRE

    Albarracín Suárez, Catalina

    2014-01-01

    El presente estudio de caso tiene como propósito analizar los aportes de diplomacia cultural al proceso de integración entre el departamento de Norte de Santander y el Estado de Táchira, ubicados en la frontera de la República de Colombia y la República Bolivariana de Venezuela, durante el periodo 2006-2013.Para explicar esto, en primer lugar, se describe el papel de la diplomacia cultural como herramienta de política exterior y, su relación con las fronteras y la integración. Posteriormente...

  1. X-ray color maps of the zoned garnets from Silgará Formation metamorphic rocks,SantanderMassif, Eastern Cordillera (Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Takasu Akira

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available

    The metamorphic rocks of the Lower Paleozoic Silgará Formation of the Santander Massif, Eastern Cordillera (Colombia, were affected by a Barrovian-type metamorphism under low to high temperature and medium pressure conditions. These rocks contain garnet porphyroblasts, which show several kinds of chemical zoning patterns. The garnet grains behave as closed systems with respect to the rock matrix. Most of the observed zoning patterns are due to gradual changes in physicochemical conditions during growth. However, some garnet grains show complex zoning patterns during multiple deformation and metamorphic events.

  2. Una nueva mirada a la frontera: diplomacia cultural como estrategia de integración en Norte de Santander y Táchira

    OpenAIRE

    Albarracín Suárez, Catalina

    2014-01-01

    El presente estudio de caso tiene como propósito analizar los aportes de diplomacia cultural al proceso de integración entre el departamento de Norte de Santander y el Estado de Táchira, ubicados en la frontera de la República de Colombia y la República Bolivariana de Venezuela, durante el periodo 2006-2013.Para explicar esto, en primer lugar, se describe el papel de la diplomacia cultural como herramienta de política exterior y, su relación con las fronteras y la integración. Posteriormente...

  3. Análisis de la productividad de los sistemas productivos, de los productores pertenecientes a la asociación de ganaderos del Municipio de Guadalupe, Santander

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    Con la presente investigación se caracterizaron los sistemas de producción agropecuaria (ganadería, café, Guayaba y café), con 20 productores ganaderos de Asoprogán en el municipio de Guadalupe, Santander, quienes fueron agrupados en tres grupos de productores teniendo en cuenta factores ambientales, sociales, culturales y económicos, que permitirán a la Asociación y entidades del municipio, contar con modelos de producción con criterios de sostenibilidad acordes a los ecosistemas existentes....

  4. Caracterización preliminar de las comunidades de murciélagos asociados a seis cavernas en Charalá y Ocamonte (Santander, Colombia)

    OpenAIRE

    Rodríguez P. Miguel E.; Otálora-Ardila Aída

    2005-01-01

    Las cavernas se constituyen como refugios empleados por algunas especies de murciélagos y como ecosistemas que albergan comunidades bióticas singulares. En este trabajo se describe la presencia y riqueza de especies de murciélagos asociados a cavernas. Con este fin, se realizó una salida de campo de siete días a seis cavernas ubicadas en los municipios de Charalá y Ocamonte (Santander, Colombia). Se estimó la riqueza de especies de murciélagos y otras variables como:
    ubicación resp...

  5. Evaluación de un modelo de atención primaria en salud en Santander, Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura A. Rodríguez-Villamizar

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Resumen Objetivo: Evaluar la experiencia de implementación de un modelo de Atención Primaria en Salud (mapis en zonas predominantemente rurales en Santander, Colombia. Metodología: se utilizó el modelo re-aim por medio de sus cinco dimensiones: Cobertura, Efectividad, Adopción, Implementación y Mantenimiento. En el proceso se usaron métodos mixtos que incluyeron estudios de caso y evaluación cuantitativa del desempeño y resultados en salud en seis municipios. Resultados: Se encontró una cobertura y desarrollo heterogéneo de la implementación del mapis a nivel municipal. La calificación de los atributos del mapis y la percepción del estado individual de salud fue más favorable en los municipios con mayor desarrollo del mapis. Sin embargo, no se evidenciaron cambios en los indicadores básicos de salud atribuidos al mapis. Se identificaron debilidades en la continuidad operativa del modelo y en la articulación con otras estrategias intersectoriales. Conclusiones: Aunque se evidenciaron algunos resultados intermedios positivos en los municipios de mayor desarrollo del mapis, en general el impacto del nivel de desarrollo del mapis en términos de mejoramiento de los indicadores básicos de salud no se evidencia aún en esta primera evaluación y diversos factores organizacionales de carácter departamental y municipal, así como la misma estructura del sistema de salud colombiano, ponen en riesgo su continuidad. Abstract Objective: To evaluate the experience of implementing a Primary Health Care Model (PHCM in predominantly rural areas of the department of Santander, Colombia. Methodology: The five dimensions of the RE-AIM model were used: coverage, effectiveness, adoption, implementation and maintenance. Mixed methods were used including case studies and quantitative evaluation of the model's performance and health outcomes in six municipalities. Results: The coverage, development and implementation of the PHCM were found to be

  6. Un acercamiento a la fuerza pública en los estados de Cundinamarca y Santander, 1857-1885

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yaneth Cristina Mendoza Chacón

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo tuvo como objetivo producir una representación histórica sobre la estructura, el funcionamiento y las transformaciones de la Fuerza Pública en los Estados de Cundinamarca y Santander, durante el período 1857-1885, mediante el seguimiento de sus aspectos administrativos, así como la evolución, organización, composición y distribución de sus efectivos armados, a través del seguimiento a su forma constitucional o legal. Se presentan las bases constitucionales que sostuvieron al cuerpo militar, y se analiza hasta qué punto lograron cumplirse, de tal forma que se pudo demostrar la doble dinámica en que funcionó el cuerpo armado del Estado, girando entre un carácter militar y sus funciones de control civil del orden público. Al conocerse la evolución del Ejército seccional, se pudieron comprender los resultados que dejó la experiencia federal en las instituciones nacionales, especialmente en la militar, demostrándose una vez más, que la irregularidad del presupuesto y la subordinación del poder militar al civil, generaron las mayores contradicciones del cuerpo armado. Sin embargo, tal experimento sirvió para demostrar cuán necesaria fue la presencia de Fuerza Pública, pues a pesar de los inconvenientes que presentó el período, con sus doctrinas liberales, llevadas al extremo, la institución logró mantenerse, medianamente, hasta el tiempo en que llegó su Reforma Militar.

  7. A NEW INTERPRETATION FOR THE GARNET ZONING IN METAPELITIC ROCKS OF THE SILGARÁ FORMATION, SOUTHWESTERN SANTANDER MASSIF, COLOMBIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ríos Reyes Carlos Alberto

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available A Barrovian sequence of the Silgará Formation at the southwestern Santander Massif, Colombian Andes, contains zoned garnets in which major and trace element zoning correlates with distribution of mineral inclusions, which may indicate that garnet growth rate varied through time and affected both composition and texture ofgarnets, although different garnet producing reactions have also played an important role in the chemical zoning of garent. However, a local metasomatism process associated to the action of late magmatic fluids associated to the emplacement of the Pescadero Pluton (external forcing mechanism would be also considered. In particular, Ca, Mn and Y zoning patterns in some garnets correspond with inclusion-rich vs. inclusion-free zones, althoughthe distribution of inclusions does not correlate with chemical zoning (i.e., the same inclusions are found in Ca-rich and Ca-poor zones of the garnet. There is a similar lack of correlation with accessory phases (apatite, monazite, xenotime, ilmenite or rutile. In a garnet from the garnet-staurolite zone, a high Mn core containsabundant and randomly oriented apatite, monazite and ilmenite inclusions, while a euhedral low Ca mantle zone is inclusion-free and the high Ca / low Mn rim zone contains apatite, monazite and ilmenite aligned parallel to the margins of the garnet. Inclusions in garnet can also represent mineral phases were not completely consumed during garnet growth. Association of garnet zoning trends and patterns with inclusion distribution may help differentiatebetween processes that identically affect major-element zoning but that produced variable textures in the garnet.

  8. Canasta básica alimentaria e índice de precios en Santander, Colombia, 1999-2000

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Herrán-Falla Oscar Fernando

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Establecer indicadores de seguridad alimentaria (SA en dos municipios colombianos. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: En el periodo 1999-2000 se realizó un estudio descriptivo en dos municipios del departamento de Santander, Colombia, que determinó el costo de canastas básicas alimentarias (CBA, para estimar índices de precios (IPC, su variación, e indicadores de SA relacionados con el salario mínimo legal vigente (SMLV. Se calcularon estadísticos de tendencia central y dispersión según el tipo de variables. Para el cálculo de los índices de precios al consumidor se utilizó el método de Laspayres. Para la comparación de éstos se utilizaron coeficientes de correlación de Pearson y de Sperman. RESULTADOS: No se encontraron diferencias en los IPC por municipio (p>0.05. Los IPC acumulados año son de un dígito. Los porcentajes de inseguridad alimentaria (IA estuvieron por encima de 50%, encontrándose diferencias por municipio, en 1999 (p=0.04, en 2000 (p=0.88. La IA aumentó en promedio cinco puntos para el periodo 1999- 2000. Se necesita en promedio 1.24 SMLV por mes para acceder a una CBA familiar. CONCLUSIONES: La capacidad de compra del SMLV no satisface los requerimientos familiares de energía y nutrientes. La SA local seguirá deteriorándose, debido al comportamiento de sus determinantes.

  9. Summer season | Cafeteria closures

    CERN Multimedia

    2013-01-01

    Please note the following cafeteria closures over the summer season: Bldg. 54 closed from 29/07/2013 to 06/09/2013. Bldg. 13: closed from 13/07/2013 to 06/09/2013. Restaurant No. 2, table service (brasserie and restaurant): closed from 01/08/2013 to 06/09/2013. Bldg. 864: closed from 29/07/2013 to 06/09/2013. Bldg. 865: closed from 29/07/2013 to 06/09/2013.

  10. Summer season | Cafeteria closures

    CERN Multimedia

    2013-01-01

    Please note the following cafeteria closures over the summer season: Bldg. 54 closed from 29/07/2013 to 06/09/2013. Bldg. 13: closed from 13/07/2013 to 06/09/2013. Restaurant No. 2, table service (brasserie and restaurant): closed from 01/08/2013 to 06/09/2013. Bldg. 864: closed from 29/07/2013 to 06/09/2013. Bldg. 865: closed from 29/07/2013 to 06/09/2013.

  11. Summer and Autumn activities

    CERN Multimedia

    Staff Association

    2013-01-01

    Time to recharge the batteries, and much more… The summer holidays are an ideal opportunity to spend more time with the family, to discover new countries, make new friends, in other words to take time away from the daily grind. This recharging is essential to your work-life balance, and CERN, as a modern and socially responsible employer, has recognized this as a central part of its human resources policy.Nevertheless we should not forget that, while many of you enjoy a well-deserved summer break, some of our colleagues are hard at work making LS1 (first Long Shutdown) a success in order to guarantee that at the beginning of 2015 the LHC will be able to start physics in an energy range never before reached by mankind. Preparing the questionnaire and the elections to the Staff Council During this summer your delegates in the Staff Council are hard at work preparing for the upcoming five-yearly review whose content will be decided by CERN Council in June 2014. Therefore, as every five years, to ...

  12. Allegheny County Summer Food Sites

    Data.gov (United States)

    Allegheny County / City of Pittsburgh / Western PA Regional Data Center — This data set shows the Summer Food Sites located within Allegheny County for children (18 years and younger) for breakfast and lunch during summer recess. OPEN...

  13. Arctic Summer Ice Processes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holt, Benjamin

    1999-01-01

    The primary objective of this study is to estimate the flux of heat and freshwater resulting from sea ice melt in the polar seas. The approach taken is to examine the decay of sea ice in the summer months primarily through the use of spaceborne Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) imagery. The improved understanding of the dynamics of the melt process can be usefully combined with ice thermodynamic and upper ocean models to form more complete models of ice melt. Models indicate that more heat is absorbed in the upper ocean when the ice cover is composed of smaller rather than larger floes and when there is more open water. Over the course of the summer, floes disintegrate by physical forcing and heating, melting into smaller and smaller sizes. By measuring the change in distribution of floes together with open water over a summer period, we can make estimates of the amount of heating by region and time. In a climatic sense, these studies are intended to improve the understanding of the Arctic heat budget which can then be eventually incorporated into improved global climate models. This work has two focus areas. The first is examining the detailed effect of storms on floe size and open water. A strong Arctic low pressure storm has been shown to loosen up the pack ice, increase the open water concentration well into the pack ice, and change the distribution of floes toward fewer and smaller floes. This suggests episodic melting and the increased importance of horizontal (lateral) melt during storms. The second focus area is related to an extensive ship-based experiment that recently took place in the Arctic called Surface Heat Budget of the Arctic (SHEBA). An icebreaker was placed purposely into the older pack ice north of Alaska in September 1997. The ship served as the base for experimenters who deployed extensive instrumentation to measure the atmosphere, ocean, and ice during a one-year period. My experiment will be to derive similar measurements (floe size, open

  14. DISEÑO METODOLÓGICO PARA LA MEDICIÓN DE LA RSE EN EL SECTOR DEL CARBÓN EN NORTE DE SANTANDER

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Enrique Rodríguez Guevara

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo es una contribución a la búsqueda de una metodología para medir la Responsabilidad Social Empresarial (RSE en el sector del carbón en Norte de Santander. Por tanto, el papel central de las empresas actualmente está enlazado no solo con los negocios, sino también con el beneficio que las empresas pueden generar a la sociedad y su entorno; lo cual, se considera como el elemento clave para enfrentar los desafíos en asuntos de desarrollo, incluyendo un factor de gran importancia en las entidades como son el recurso humano de éstas. Este estudio se ubica en uno de los sectores considerados de talla mundial, por las ventajas comparativas históricas que presenta el sector del carbón y su participación en los mercados globales, en Norte de Santander. Cada vez más la Responsabilidad Social Empresarial, da cuenta de las oportunidades que ofrecen en los negocios internacionales, en aquellas organizaciones que tienen un enfoque sostenible y sustentable en la oferta de productos, no solo por la exigencia de los mercados desarrollados, sino porque significa en términos de competitividad internacional y su participación en el exterior.

  15. Modernización universitaria y protesta estudiantil en Colombia: el caso de la Universidad Industrial de Santander (1953-1977

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Álvaro Acevedo Tarazona

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo pretende servir de síntesis a una trayectoria académica que se ha interesado en la reflexión historiográfica sobre la relación entre la cultura, estudiada a partir de la historia de la universidad colombiana y santandereana y las experiencias de movilización social y política protagonizadas por los estudiantes universitarios. Como postulado central se defiende la tesis de que la relación entre política y cultura ha contado con el escenario universitario como el espacio social en el que convergieron proyectos educativos modernizadores y utopías revolucionarias tamizadas en tradiciones de una cultura política sectaria. El periodo de trabajo está determinado por el surgimiento, auge e inicio del declive de la asociación de estudiantes de la Universidad Industrial de Santander (UIS, más conocida como AUDESA. La UIS se convirtió en la institución más importante que los santandereanos crearon en el siglo XX, producto del esfuerzo denodado de unas élites regionales que, paradójicamente contribuyeron a formar desde el Colegio de Santander una contraélite que fijó su derrotero en la revolución socialista.

  16. Conflicto y violencia en la Universidad en Colombia. El proyecto modernizador y el movimiento estudiantil universitario en Santander, 1953-1980

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Álvaro Acevedo Tarazona

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo intenta construir un marco metodológico para la interpretación del proyecto modernizador y el movimiento estudiantil universitario en Santander, a partir del propio contexto histórico regional, entre los años cincuentas y setentas, con el fin de establecer tanto los elementos distintivos de este proceso como los eventualmente comunes con otras regiones. Este proceso, que se vivió con toda su intensidad en Santander y que alcanzaría una dimensión nacional por la importancia del proyecto industrial universitario y por las repercusiones de las propias revueltas estudiantiles, no ha sido lo suficientemente estudiado con el fin de aproximarse al conflicto y violencia en la universidad colombiana. Un propósito, por demás, nada fácil si se tiene en cuenta que se intenta explicar una etapa de la historia contemporánea del país en la cual la mayoría de sus protagonistas viven y tienen sus propios puntos de vista sobre tiempos aún tan intensos y cercanos.

  17. S'Cool LAB Summer CAMP 2017 at CERN

    CERN Multimedia

    2017-01-01

    The S’Cool LAB Summer CAMP is an opportunity for high-school students (aged 16-19) from all around the world to spend 2 weeks exploring the fascinating world of particle physics. The 24 selected participants spend their summer at S’Cool LAB, CERN’s hands-on particle physics learning laboratory, for an epic programme of lectures and tutorials, team research projects, visits of CERN’s research installations, and social activities.

  18. Fostering Earth Science Inquiry From Within a Native Hawaiian Cultural Framework In O`ahu (Hawai`i) Through A Multidisciplinary Place-Based High School Summer Enrichment Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moxey, L.; Dias, R.; Legaspi, E.

    2010-12-01

    During the summer of 2010, twenty-five public high school students from underrepresented communities and ethnicities (Hawaiian, part-Hawaiian, Sāmoan, Filipino, Pacific Islander) in O`ahu (Hawai`i) participated in the Mālama Ke Ahupua`a (protecting our watershed) program. This rigorous three-week hands-on, place-based multidisciplinary program provided students with the opportunity of visiting the Mānoa Valley watershed (O`ahu, Hawaii) for learning and experiencing the Earth Science System dynamics that comprises it, while simultaneously exploring the significance of the ahupua`a (watershed) as related to native Hawaiian history and culture. While earning Hawaii DOE-approved academic credit, students utilized GPS/GIS technology, quantitative water quality testing equipment, and environmental monitoring tools for performing a watershed survey and water quality study of Mānoa Stream (Mānoa Valley) from its inception in the mountains, its advance through Honolulu’s urbanized areas, and its convergence with the Pacific Ocean. Through this hands-on field-based study, students documented changes in the watershed’s environment as reflected in declining water quality induced by anthropogenic pollution sources and urbanization. Students also visited relevant native Hawaiian cultural sites in Mānoa, and explored their direct links with the historical sustainable usage of the watershed’s natural resources, both from a cultural and science-based perspective. Finally, traditional wa`a (native Hawaiian outrigger canoes) were used as both cultural resources for discussing ancient Polynesian exploration, as well as scientific research platforms for conducting near-shore reef surveys & assessments. This program served to promote not only Earth Science literacy and STEM skills, but also contributed to further environmental stewardship while fostering native Hawaiian & Polynesian cultural identities.

  19. Interview about summer school Deaf Studies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2015-01-01

    Fra den 13. til den 17. juli var der sommerskole på Århus Universitet. Døvestudier var på skemaet med særlig fokus på ligestilling og identitet. Arrangementet var et samarbejde mellem Danske Døves Landsforbund og Århus Universitet. Varighed 8:37 min...

  20. C.I.M.E. Summer School

    CERN Document Server

    Bianchini, Stefano; Mielke, Alexander; Villani, Cédric

    2011-01-01

    This volume collects the notes of the CIME course "Nonlinear PDE’s and applications" held in Cetraro (Italy) on June 23–28, 2008. It consists of four series of lectures, delivered by Stefano Bianchini (SISSA, Trieste), Eric A. Carlen (Rutgers University), Alexander Mielke (WIAS, Berlin), and Cédric Villani (Ecole Normale Superieure de Lyon). They presented a broad overview of far-reaching findings and exciting new developments concerning, in particular, optimal transport theory, nonlinear evolution equations, functional inequalities, and differential geometry. A sampling of the main topics considered here includes optimal transport, Hamilton-Jacobi equations, Riemannian geometry, and their links with sharp geometric/functional inequalities, variational methods for studying nonlinear evolution equations and their scaling properties, and the metric/energetic theory of gradient flows and of rate-independent evolution problems. The book explores the fundamental connections between all of these topics and po...

  1. Mentoring Activities in a Summer School

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Couto Marques

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Universidade Júnior is a very large educational program for the promotion of knowledge among pre-university children and teenagers launched in 2005 by U.Porto. This extremely popular initiative is currently attracting around 5000 students per year for a variety of learning activities and small research projects offered by the 14 Faculties of U.Porto during July and September. Besides providing a foretaste of university life and vocational orientation, they also give the youngsters a strong incentive to continue their studies into higher education and a knowledge-based career. A key element to the success of this process is the mentoring activity that is developed at two levels: between faculty and the junior tutors and between these and the young students.

  2. C.I.M.E. Summer School

    CERN Document Server

    2003-01-01

    Many physical phenomena are described by nonlinear evolution equation. Those that are integrable provide various mathematical methods, presented by experts in this tutorial book, to find special analytic solutions to both integrable and partially integrable equations. The direct method to build solutions includes the analysis of singularities à la Painlevé, Lie symmetries leaving the equation invariant, extension of the Hirota method, construction of the nonlinear superposition formula. The main inverse method described here relies on the bi-hamiltonian structure of integrable equations. The book also presents some extension to equations with discrete independent and dependent variables. The different chapters face from different points of view the theory of exact solutions and of the complete integrability of nonlinear evolution equations. Several examples and applications to concrete problems allow the reader to experience directly the power of the different machineries involved.

  3. European Summer School for Scientometrics (ESSS)

    OpenAIRE

    Pavelová, Alena

    2012-01-01

    Konference ESSS nabízí základní vzdělávání týkající se hlavních aspektů kvantitativní analýzy vědy a techniky. Je to jakýsi vstupní kurz do této problematiky. Určena je zejména pro politiky, vědce, hodnotitele kvality výzkumu, informační pracovníky a knihovníky. ESSS se skládá z přípravného kurzu a konference. Naše účast na této akci byla klíčová pro úkol PHÚ E.2 Vytváření analytických výstupů výkonů české vědy z citačních databází ve fondu NTK pro MŠMT. Zřizovatelem jsme byli pověřeni účastí...

  4. Interview about summer school Deaf Studies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2015-01-01

    Fra den 13. til den 17. juli var der sommerskole på Århus Universitet. Døvestudier var på skemaet med særlig fokus på ligestilling og identitet. Arrangementet var et samarbejde mellem Danske Døves Landsforbund og Århus Universitet. Varighed 8:37 min...

  5. C.I.M.E. Summer School

    CERN Document Server

    2003-01-01

    The C.I.M.E. session on Dynamical Systems, held in Cetraro (Italy), June 19-26, 2000, focused on the latest developments in several important areas in dynamical systems, with full development and historical context. The lectures of Chow and Mallet-Paret focus on the area of lattice differential systems, the lectures of Conto and Galleotti treat the classical problem of classification of orbits for two-dimensional autonomous systems with polynomial right sides, the lectures of Nussbaum focus on applications of fixed point theorems to the problem of limiting profiles for the solutions of singular perturbations of delay differential equations, and the lectures of Johnson and Mantellini deal with the existence of periodic and quasi-periodic orbits to non-autonomous systems. The volume will be of interest to researchers and graduate students working in these areas. .

  6. C.I.M.E. Summer School

    CERN Document Server

    2011-01-01

    This volume presents a review of advanced technological problems in the glass industry and of the mathematics involved. It is amazing that such a seemingly small research area is extremely rich and calls for an impressively large variety of mathematical methods, including numerical simulations of considerable complexity. The problems treated here are very typical of the field of glass manufacturing and cover a large spectrum of complementary subjects: injection molding by various techniques, radiative heat transfer in glass, nonisothermal flows and fibre spinning. The book can certainly be useful not only to applied mathematicians, but also to physicists and engineers, who can find in it an overview of the most advanced models and methods. 

  7. C.I.M.E. Summer School

    CERN Document Server

    Viola, Carlo

    2006-01-01

    The four contributions collected in this volume deal with several advanced results in analytic number theory. Friedlander’s paper contains some recent achievements of sieve theory leading to asymptotic formulae for the number of primes represented by suitable polynomials. Heath-Brown's lecture notes mainly deal with counting integer solutions to Diophantine equations, using among other tools several results from algebraic geometry and from the geometry of numbers. Iwaniec’s paper gives a broad picture of the theory of Siegel’s zeros and of exceptional characters of L-functions, and gives a new proof of Linnik’s theorem on the least prime in an arithmetic progression. Kaczorowski’s article presents an up-to-date survey of the axiomatic theory of L-functions introduced by Selberg, with a detailed exposition of several recent results.

  8. C.I.M.E. Summer School

    CERN Document Server

    2003-01-01

    The C.I.M.E. session on Mathematical Problems in Semiconductor Physics, was addressed to researchers with a strong interest in the mathematical aspects of the theory of carrier transport in semiconductor devices. The subjects covered include hydrodynamical models for semiconductors based on the maximum entropy principle of extended thermodynamics, mathematical theory of drift-diffusion equations with applications, and the methods of asymptotic analysis.

  9. C.I.M.E. Summer School

    CERN Document Server

    Bertoluzza, Silvia; Quarteroni, Alfio; Siebert, Kunibert G; Veeser, Andreas

    2012-01-01

    This book is a collection of lecture notes for the CIME course on "Multiscale and Adaptivity: Modeling, Numerics and Applications," held in Cetraro (Italy), in July 2009. Complex systems arise in several physical, chemical, and biological processes, in which length and time scales may span several orders of magnitude. Traditionally, scientists have focused on methods that are particularly applicable in only one regime, and knowledge of the system on one scale has been transferred to another scale only indirectly.  Even with modern computer power, the complexity of such systems precludes their being treated directly with traditional tools, and new mathematical and computational instruments have had to be developed to tackle such problems.  The outstanding and internationally renowned lecturers, coming from different areas of Applied Mathematics, have themselves contributed in an essential way to the development of the theory and techniques that constituted the subjects of the courses.

  10. WNS summer surveillance: DATA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ballmann, Anne

    2017-01-01

    Bats occupying hibernacula during summer months may play an important role in the epidemiology of white-nose syndrome (WNS). For example, bats exposed to viable Pseudogymnoascus destructans (Pd), the causative agent of WNS, in late summer could spread the fungus by transmitting it to other bats or to other locations suitable for establishment of new environmental reservoirs. To explore risks for transmission of Pd during the non-hibernal season, we screened bats using hibernacula between July 18 to August 22, 2012 and associated environmental samples for presence of Pd. Study sites within the eastern United States included six hibernacula known to harbor Pd and two hibernacula in which bats with WNS had not been previously observed. Standard demographic and morphometric data were recorded for bats captured from inside each study site. Sample types evaluated for the presence of Pd included bat wing swabs, guano pellets from individual bats, swabs of hibernaculum walls, and sediments from the hibernaculum floor. Additionally, swabs of various trapping and processing equipment and clothing worn into study sites were evaluated for the presence of Pd.

  11. Estudio etnobotánico de las plantas medicinales de San José de Suaita, Suaita (Santander, Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Linares Castillo Édgar Leonardo

    2005-07-01

    Full Text Available Se presenta un inventario de las especies vegetales utilizadas con fines medicinales, los componentes culturales en torno al uso medicinal de las plantas registradas y una aproximación al
    conocimiento de la transmisión de saberes entre generaciones; realizados entre mayo y octubre de 2004 en la Inspección de Policía de San José de Suaita, ubicada en el municipio de Suaita, departamento de Santander, Colombia entre 1.100 y 1.700 m de altitud. Como resultados se registró información para 118 especies repartidas en 47 familias botánicas, siendo Compositae, Labiatae y Leguminosae sobresalientes en ese orden; responden a 133 nombres locales y 164 usos diferentes; las diez categorías de uso que agrupan mayor número de especies fueron en su orden: problemas digestivos, respiratorios, traumas, problemas cardiovasculares, cutáneos, hepáticos, renales, dolor y ansiedad; en la concepción de salud y enfermedad que manejan los habitantes de San José de Suaita hay influencia religiosa, del rol social del individuo y del legado tradicional; las cabezas médicas populares identificadas son: las mujeres que han sido madres de familia gran parte de su vida, yerbateros, parteras, sobanderos, rezanderos y secreteros; la migración a las ciudades, la apertura del centro de salud y el acceso a medicamentos farmacéuticos, ha hecho que en décadas recientes se hayan dejado de usar plantas que anteriormente cumplían una función similar a los  medicamentos; la transmisión del saber tradicional es  acumulativa en función de la edad y la mujer cumple un papel fundamental en este proceso, entre vecinos en edad adulta se da el intercambio plantas, usos, recetas y es por medio de ellos que ingresan nuevos conocimientos y especies para la zona. La mayoría de las plantas registradas son conocidas entre la población adulta de las veredas y son los ancianos los  que mejor las conocen pero los adultos jóvenes conocen y usan plantas que los ancianos no

  12. Análisis de la estructura genética en una muestra poblacional de Bucaramanga, departamento de Santander

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martha Lucía Hincapié

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: El fenómeno de sub-estructura en las poblaciones ha tenido desde hace varios años un abordaje amplio, que se enfocó, entre otros, en la identificación y cuantificación de la mezcla étnica presente en estudios de mapeo asociativo, para comprobar la asociación de marcadores polimórficos en el desarrollo de enfermedades comunes complejas, como responsable de falsos positivos. No obstante el reconocimiento de este problema, no se tiene suficiente información genética en el contexto nacional ni local que permita determinar la posible diferenciación de subgrupos poblacionales en cada región en particular.Objetivo: Determinar la estructura genética en una muestra poblacional de la ciudad de Bucaramanga, a partir del análisis de 19 marcadores microsatélites autosómicos en distintos subgrupos poblacionales.Metodología: De la base de datos del Laboratorio de Genética Humana de la Universidad Industrial de Santander, se seleccionaron aleatoriamente 350 muestras de ADN, y se amplificaron 19 marcadores autosómicos Short Tandem Repeat mediante los «kits Powerplex® 16 y FFFL (Promega».Resultados: En el análisis de equilibrio Hardy Weinberg, no se obtuvieron diferencias estadísticamente significativas en 18 de 19 marcadores Short Tandem Repeat autosómicos analizados en la población de Bucaramanga. El único marcador que mostró no estar en equilibrio Hardy Weinberg en la población de Bucaramanga fue el F13B (valor de significancia de p=0.00264, después de aplicar la corrección de Bonferroni.Discusión: Las poblaciones representadas en los seis estratos socioeconómicos mostraron alta diversidad genética intragrupos, que ratificó una alta variabilidad entre los individuos de la ciudad de Bucaramanga, acorde con el bajo valor de FST entre distintos grupos, determinado en el análisis molecular de varianza con base en frecuencias alélicas observadas para los 19 Short Tandem Repeat analizados.Conclusión: La alta

  13. Análisis de la estructura genética en una muestra poblacional de Bucaramanga, departamento de Santander

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martha Lucía Hincapié

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: El fenómeno de sub-estructura en las poblaciones ha tenido desde hace varios años un abordaje amplio, que se enfocó, entre otros, en la identificación y cuantificación de la mezcla étnica presente en estudios de mapeo asociativo, para comprobar la asociación de marcadores polimórficos en el desarrollo de enfermedades comunes complejas, como responsable de falsos positivos. No obstante el reconocimiento de este problema, no se tiene suficiente información genética en el contexto nacional ni local que permita determinar la posible diferenciación de subgrupos poblacionales en cada región en particular. Objetivo: Determinar la estructura genética en una muestra poblacional de la ciudad de Bucaramanga, a partir del análisis de 19 marcadores microsatélites autosómicos en distintos subgrupos poblacionales. Metodología: De la base de datos del Laboratorio de Genética Humana de la Universidad Industrial de Santander, se seleccionaron aleatoriamente 350 muestras de ADN, y se amplificaron 19 marcadores autosómicos Short Tandem Repeat mediante los «kits Powerplex® 16 y FFFL (Promega». Resultados: En el análisis de equilibrio Hardy Weinberg, no se obtuvieron diferencias estadísticamente significativas en 18 de 19 marcadores Short Tandem Repeat autosómicos analizados en la población de Bucaramanga. El único marcador que mostró no estar en equilibrio Hardy Weinberg en la población de Bucaramanga fue el F13B (valor de significancia de p=0.00264, después de aplicar la corrección de Bonferroni. Discusión: Las poblaciones representadas en los seis estratos socioeconómicos mostraron alta diversidad genética intragrupos, que ratificó una alta variabilidad entre los individuos de la ciudad de Bucaramanga, acorde con el bajo valor de FST entre distintos grupos, determinado en el análisis molecular de varianza con base en frecuencias alélicas observadas para los 19 Short Tandem Repeat analizados. Conclusión: La alta

  14. Tratamiento biologico de aguas residuales de matadero. caso: frigorifico la frontera ltda., villa del rosario, norte de Santander

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Néstor Andrés Urbina-Suárez

    2006-07-01

    Full Text Available The achieved investigation characterized and quantified the residual water spilt by the The ”FRIGORIFICO LA FRONTERA Ltda. ” of the municipality of Villa del Rosario Norte de Santander ( Colombia .,it evaluated and operated a system of Biological treatment to industrial scale with the physical available infrastructure in the slaughterhouse, with the purpose of evaluating the technical feasibility in order to design a plant to real scale.The greatest production of residual water in the slaughterhouse during the time of research in take place in May with a wealth of 3,93 US and in December with a wealth of 3,37 L/s, according to the period of highest number of killed animals. The smallest production of residual water was registered in August with a wealth 2,49 L/s and in March with a wealth of 2,6l L/s. The COD of residual water was situed between 14150 and 16900 mg/l, and the BOD changed between 6950 and 7980 mg/l. In the construction of activate sludge reactors, circular tanks on staínless steel were adopted with a capacity of 8 m3. Each reactor was inoculated of different form: reactor 1 with one inoculated activated from rumen of the primary sedimentador, the reactor 2 with one inoculated activated from the rumen retained by the sieves and the reactor 3 with a commercial inóculo. The removal mediated in DOO and DBO was: 78.12 % in DOO and 85.75 % in DBO for the reactor 1, 78.65 % in DOO and 72.12 DBO for the reactor 2 and 64.92 % in DOO and 56.44 %en DBO for the reactor 3. During the operation of the reactors present microorganisms isolated and identified in the active mud of the reactor l that was the one that presented better efficiencies and the presence of protozoa ns was identified in every reactor.

  15. Ventures in science status report, Summer 1992

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1992-11-01

    The Ventures in Science summer program is directed towards students who are from underrepresented minority groups in mathematics and science professions. The target group of 40 was drawn from eligible students who will be entering high school freshman in the fall of 1992. 450 students applied. The theme for the summer is Chicago as an Ecosystem. The students are instructed in integrated math and science (2 hours), English/ESL (1 1/2 hrs.), counseling (1 hr.) and, physical education (1 hr.) each day four days a week. Integrated math and science are team taught. Parents are invited to participate in two workshops that will be presented based on their input. Parents may also visit the program at any time and participate in any field trip.

  16. Summer jobs reduce violence among disadvantaged youth.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heller, Sara B

    2014-12-05

    Every day, acts of violence injure more than 6000 people in the United States. Despite decades of social science arguing that joblessness among disadvantaged youth is a key cause of violent offending, programs to remedy youth unemployment do not consistently reduce delinquency. This study tests whether summer jobs, which shift focus from remediation to prevention, can reduce crime. In a randomized controlled trial among 1634 disadvantaged high school youth in Chicago, assignment to a summer jobs program decreases violence by 43% over 16 months (3.95 fewer violent-crime arrests per 100 youth). The decline occurs largely after the 8-week intervention ends. The results suggest the promise of using low-cost, well-targeted programs to generate meaningful behavioral change, even with a problem as complex as youth violence.

  17. 海外專業志工服務:以雅加達臺灣國際學校成長營為例International Volunteerism Based on Professional Service: Summer Camps at Jakarta Taiwan International School

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    危芷芬(通訊作者)Chih-Fen Wei

    2012-09-01

    career camp for elementary and high school students of Jarkata Taiwan International School were designed and administered on 2010 and 2011 summer by the staff and undergraduates of Department of psychology and counseling of TMUE. The course of summer camps not only corresponds to the orientation and vision of the university and dean of education, but also based on the literacy of the department. The design of summer camps composed of several professional courses, such as “Principle and Practice of Guidance”, “Measurement in Psychology and Education”, “Theories and Techniques of Counseling”, “Group Guidance”, “Counseling Techniques”, and “Career Development and Guidance”. The international volunteerism provide an excellent opportunities for undergraduates to enhance multicultural-counseling awareness, understandings of emotional and life education, global perspective, and independence. In conclusion, international volunteerism based on professional service benefits both volunteers and recipients.

  18. Aspecto de la Agricultura Intensiva en la Provincia de Ocaña, Departamento Norte de Santander.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Obregón Botero Rafael

    1941-10-01

    Full Text Available Un inteligente sentido de lógica deducción, unido al patriótico esfuerzo por el mejoramiento de su tierra, llevó al Dr. Luis Carvajalino Jácome a la conclusión de que el problema de la agricultura intensiva en la Provincia de Ocaña (Santander del Norte presentaba aspectos tan diversos y complejos, que quiso por todos los medios interesar a los Gobiernos Nacional y Departamental en una favorable solución. Fue así como en el cumplimiento de un programa de resurgimiento progresivo de la industria agrícola, este conocido profesional nortesantandereano pidió al Ministerio de la Economía Nacional se comisionara a un Fitopatólogo y a un Entomólogo para estudiar los problemas surgidos del creciente aumento de plagas y enfermedades en la región y especialmente el decaimiento que por estos factores notábase en la industria cebollera. Atendiendo a la insinuación, el Ministerio de la Economía tuvo a bien encargarnos de tan interesante comisión y para el mejor cumplimiento a nuestro juicio, estudiamos y observamos con algún detenimiento los diferentes aspectos de su agricultura. Estas observaciones y conclusiones las queremos presentar y ofrecer como una modesta cooperación al programa de progreso en cuyos resultados finales están empeñados tanto sus dirigentes como el pueblo de Santander. A pesar de que nuestra misión se limitaba al estudio de la sanidad de los cultivos, quisimos hacer extensivas las observaciones a otros puntos de vital importancia, toda vez que las modalidades de la región presentaban aspectos de un problema que pudiéramos llamar nuevo para nuestra agricultura nacional. Quizás el cultivo del café en las tierras del Quindío tienen un verdadero aspecto de agricultura intensiva con caracteres de económica importancia, pero aparte de ésta y de contadas regiones del país, nos atrevemos a opinar que la localidad ahora descrita se perfila como exponente de la futura agricultura intensiva a la cual

  19. Summer Student Project Report by Sofia Kotriakhova

    CERN Document Server

    Kotriakhova, Sofia

    2015-01-01

    In frame of CERN Summer Student School 2015, the Low Voltage Monitor for MUON detector of LHCb was designed, realised and implemented in ECS system of LHCb. It displays actual information about all channels of all MARATONs in one place and in a representative way. As a part of this system, the soft off-limits warnings were established to produce the fast information on raised problems. In addition it is equipped with SW threshold’s set-up system for easy control on warnings and other settings. The tool has been developed for the needs of piquet and experts.

  20. Extracción y purificación del adn de moniliophthora roreri hongo que ataca el cacao, en norte de santander

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liliana Yanet Suárez Contreras

    2005-07-01

    Full Text Available This research has as objetive to define the methodology of extraction and purification for Moniliophthora roreri and to apply it to 56 isolations of Moniliophthora roreri obtained from Cúcuta, Agua Clara, Sardinata, El Tarra, Tibú, Bucaracica, Teorama and Zulia in Norte de Santander (Colombia. The extraction of DNA was carried out by the protocol proposed by Miranda and Sandoval in 2000, with some proposed modifications by Rocha. To its purification was utilized Chloroform Phenol. Once, it was standarized by the protocol of extraction. It tested with other mushrooms:Metarhizium sp, Botritys cincrea, Fusarium culmorum, Phytophthora cinnamomi. This work intends to continue with the research in the area of Molecular Biology of Moniliophthora roreri and other phytopathogens of economic importance for the region, it promotes the research in micology.

  1. Prácticas docentes para el fortalecimiento de la investigación en programas de derecho del departamento Norte de Santander - Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Darwin Clavijo Cáceres

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Partial results and conclusions from the research performed in the Department of Norte de Santander, Colombia are presented to “describe the teaching practicum and pedagogical knowledge of Professors to determine the mode in which they contribute to the strengthening of the research culture in Law programs from universities in Norte de Santander”. This exercise allowed identifying positive features on how the relationship Student Professor develops. Similarly, some flaws in the teaching process impeding an enrichment of the research culture were identified in the above mentioned programs affecting quality criteria. From the analysis of the results and the literature review some conclusions are drawn to be used as starting point for the debate on the strategies that should be implemented toward the strengthening of the research culture in the region’s higher education

  2. CARACTERIZACIÓN FISICOQUÍMICA DE CUARZO EN EL MUNICIPIO DE LA PLAYA DE BELÉN DEPARTAMENTO NORTE DE SANTANDER

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lina Marcela Hoyos Palacio

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Quartz is a silicate, is available in a variety of geological conditions, appears in many igneous and metamorphic rocks, and is a major constituent of granite pegmatite. Among the minerals, quartz is the closest to a pure chemical compound and has constant physical properties due to their applications and uses becomes a material that contributes to improving the living conditions of man; for that reason becomes obvious know their properties to propose optimal applications. To this end the physicochemical characterization of quartz in the town of Playa of Belen Norte de Santander (Colombia Department, using elementary techniques through studies to establish the physical and chemical properties of this mineral is described. A technique of scanning electron microscopy (SEM was used to disperse energy analyzer (EDS, X-ray diffraction (XRD, thermogravimetric (TGA and differential thermogravimetric analysis (DTG. The compositional, chemical and morphological characteristics are obtained and the thermal behavior of the composition according to is evaluated.

  3. EL CACAO: AYER, HOY Y SIEMPRE EN EL DESARROLLO SOCIOECONÓMICO Y CULTURAL DEL MUNDO, NORTE DE SANTANDER Y CÚCUTA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pilar Eugenia Ramírez Villar

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo es un breve relato de la historia del cacao en el mundo, en Colombia y en Cúcuta, surge de un trabajo de investigación histórico y retoma historias de Venezuela, Colombia, Francia, África, Italia, entre otros países que protagonizaron o ayudaron a que el cacao surgiera en la región y se posicionara en el sector productivo. La conclusión de la investigación está basada en el recuento según la región de Norte de Santander y Cúcuta, mostrando datos curiosos de la evolución del cacao.

  4. Formative research: Curriculum pretensions and social representations of educational actors in the Nursing program at the University of Francisco de Paula Santander in Cucuta, Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Audin Aloiso Gamboa Suárez

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To analyze the main speeches on formative research found in educational policies and the social representations of educational actors in the academic program of Nursing at the University of Francisco de Paula Santander. Materials and methods: The methodological guidelines start from the analysis of the qualitative vertical discourse to understand the statements of the institutional documents and the focus group to identify the social representations of the authors. Results: The study revealed that formative research is systematic throughout the academic program of Nursing, which is also tangentially evidenced in the curriculum pretensions, where the formation in the paradigms of research strengthens both the theory and practice. Conclusions: The study shows a significant relationship between the statements of the educational policies of the program and the stories of the individuals under study.

  5. Notas sobre la organización y ubicación del arte paleolítico en las cuevas del monte del Castillo (Puente Viesgo. Santander

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reynaldo GONZÁLEZ GARCÍA

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo es un pequeño resumen de una parte de las conclusiones de los trabajos realizados en el transcurso del verano de 1985 en el Monte del Castillo. El propósito de los mismos se orientó en una total y exhaustiva revisión de la gran mayoría de figuras paleolíticas, tanto pintadas, grabadas, y en algún caso esculpidas, de las cuatro cuevas que forman este prestigioso y conocido conjunto troglodítico: La cueva de las Monedas, la cueva de la Pasiega, la cueva de las Chimeneas y la cueva del Castillo, en Puente Viesgo, Santander.

  6. Geology of quadrangles H-12, H-13, and parts of I-12 and I-13, (zone III) in northeastern Santander Department, Colombia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ward, Dwight Edward; Goldsmith, Richard; Cruz, Jaime B.; Restrepo, Hernan A.

    1974-01-01

    A program of geologic mapping and mineral investigation in Colombia was undertaken cooperatively by the Colombian Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Geologico-Mineras (formerly known as the Inventario Minero Nacional), and the U. S. Geological Survey; by the Government of Colombia and the Agency for International Development, U. S. Department of State. The purpose was to study, and evaluate mineral resources (excluding of petroleum, coal, emeralds, and alluvial gold) of four selected areas, designated Zones I to IV, that total about 70,000 km2. The work in Zone III, in the Cordillera Oriental, was done from 1965 to 1968. The northeast trend of the Cordillera Oriental of Colombia swings abruptly to north-northwest in the area of this report, and divides around the southern end of the Maracaibo Basin. This section of the Cordillera Oriental is referred to as the Santander Massif. Radiometric age determinations indicate that the oldest rocks of the Santander massif are Precambrian and include high-grade gneiss, schist, and migmatite of the Bucaramanga Formation. These rocks were probably part of the Precambrian Guayana Shield. Low- to medium-grade metamorphic rocks of late Precambrian to Ordovician age .include phyllite, schist, metasiltstone, metasandstone, and marble of the Silgara Formation, a geosynclinal series of considerable extent in the Cordillera Oriental and possibly the Cordillera de Merida of Venezuela. Orthogneiss ranging from granite to tonalite is widely distributed in the high- and medium-grade metamorphic rocks of the central core of the massif and probably represents rocks of two ages, Precambrian and Ordovician to Early Devonian. Younger orthogneiss and the Silgara are overlain by Middle Devonian beds of the Floresta Formation which show a generally low but varying degree of metamorphism. Phyllite and argillite are common, and infrequent marble and other calcareous beds are fossiliferous. Except for recrystallization in limestones of !the

  7. Heritage Speeches that Guide the Management of Cultural Heritage in the Development Plans of the Department of Santander in Colombia (2008-15

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mónica J. Giedelmann Reyes

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available This article identifies some of the main categories on cultural heritage included in the Santander departmental development plans (2008-11 and 2012-15, in order to characterize it according to diverse forms of conceptualization, management and bonds with other aspects. The grounded theory is the methodology used and from its analysis two closely linked concepts of cultural heritage were identified: culture and tourism. The research results show future risks and opportunities in the region. They emphasize that heritage is seen as the commemoration of the "santandereanidad" or department belonging feeling, tourism and regional development motor, which often emphasizes the financial potential of heritage and ignores the social and anthropological side that this encompasses.

  8. Polémica por la denominación del Ingeniero Pecuario y de Producción Animal de la Universidad Francisco de Paula Santander

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rubén Darío Carreño-Correa

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Currently the institutions of higher education must act with flexibility front to the constants changes in formation processes which in turn are related to the demand of give answer to the needs and problematic of society. In this situation a perspective of great interest to the universities, the companies and professionals is the recognition and positioning of the graduated. As strategy to the problematic is identified among other alternatives address the human resource that intervenes in formation process of the future graduated. Objective: From this perspective was investigated the perception that have students, professors and graduates about the tittle of the Pecuary engineering program was investigated. At the beginning, it was named “Animal Production Engineering” from the Francisco de Paula Santander University in San José de Cucuta City (North of Santander - Colombia. Methods: A collective and oral history, enriched by a documentary analysis was made. Results: Was identified that Pecuary Engineering arises as a restructuration Engineering Animal Production. These two programs are supported by the Ministry of National Education and the Council National Professional of engineering. At the same time the participants considers as an innovative program that seeks position itself in the Agropecuary sector. Also was established that the Pecuary Engineer and the Engineer Animal Production just like the Zootechnicians are professionals focused on the Animal Production. Finally was identified that neither of the two titles have complete acceptance for the generating entities of employment. Conclusions: Is show required the differentiator factor with the Zootechnician. Also is relevant manage strategies aimed to strengthening the recognition of engineer of Animal Production and the Pecuary engineer, situation that merits analyze the alternatives of conserve the titling current, modify it to Zootechnician engineer or finally to bid

  9. Resistencia a antimicrobianos de uropatógenos aislados de pacientes ambulatorios atendidos en un laboratorio clínico de tercer nivel de complejidad de Bucaramanga, Santander

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karina Orduz-Pérez

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Determinar la resistencia a antimicrobianos de uropatógenos aislados de pacientes ambulatorios atendidos en el Laboratorio Clínico de Especialidades Bolívar S.A. de Bucaramanga, Santander. Metodología: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo retrospectivo (de Enero a Julio de 2009 a 1394 pacientes ambulatorios atendidos en el Laboratorio Clínico de Especialidades Bolívar S.A. de Bucaramanga Santander, con evidencia clínica o no de infecciones de tracto urinario (ITU y orden médica de Gram, urocultivo y antibiograma. Resultados: De los 1394 urocultivos realizados, se obtuvieron 589 pacientes con urocultivos positivos (42,3%; la mayoría correspondieron a uropatógenos Gram negativos; donde Eschericha coli fue el microorganismo más frecuente. Con respecto a los agentes utilizados en el tratamiento, el perfil de susceptibilidad encontrado para Eschericha coli como para otros microorganismos, mostró elevadas tasas de resistencia para Amoxacilina (59,1%, Ácido Nalidixico (52,1%, Cotrimoxazol (42,2% y Ciprofloxacina (40,7%. Las tasas de resistencia más bajas se observaron para antibióticos como Imipinem (0,8% y Fosfomicina (3,1%. Conclusiones: Eschericha coli sigue siendo el microorganismo más frecuentemente aislado a nivel mundial y el que ha presentado en los últimos años mayor resistencia a antibióticos. Con respecto al género más afectado el femenino sigue siendo el más vulnerable para estas infecciones por presentar mayores factores de riesgo.

  10. La inequidad en el acceso a la atención odontológica de las mujeres gestantes en Santander

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sonia Constanza Concha Sánchez

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: Las condiciones de vida, salud, atención y cuidado de las gestantes están comprometidas, en especial en las mujeres más pobres y vulnerables, y el componente bucal ejerce un papel importante en esta inequidad. Objetivo: Describir las condiciones sociales y económicas que determinan la inequidad en el acceso a la atención odontológica de las mujeres gestantes en Santander. Metodología: Se realizó un estudio observacional analítico de corte transversal que incluyó 8695 gestantes en las que se analizó variables relacionadas con área geográfica, con el sistema de atención y en la mujer gestante variables demográficas, condición bucal y asistencia a consulta odontológica. Para el análisis univariado se calcularon medidas de resumen y para el bivariado se relacionó la asistencia a la consulta odontológica con las variables que determinan su asistencia a la consulta odontológica, para ello se aplicó test de chi². Conclusión: Los determinantes económicos y sociales relacionados con el bajo nivel de desarrollo del municipio, la residencia en zona rural, ser vinculada o usuaria del régimen subsidiado y ser mayor de 40 años influencian la atención odontológica de las mujeres gestantes en Santander

  11. Special Handbook: The Summer Scholar

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thaler, Pat Koch; Shapiro, Sonya

    1978-01-01

    No longer is summer ushered in with that old "no more lessons, no more books" refrain. There are plenty of vacation learning opportunities--in and around New York, at college campuses, and even abroad--for all age groups. Here is a roundup of this summer's offerings. (Editor)

  12. Summer Student Programme

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    Date Time Title Speaker 05/07/2006 09:15 - 10:00 Presentation of the Summer Student Programme F. CERUTTI Information on Computing Rules D. HEAGERTY Workshops presentation O. ULLALAND 10:15 - 11:00 Introduction to CERN J. ENGELEN 11:15 Film on CERN 11:00 Introduction to Particle Physics F. CLOSE 11:15 - 12:00 Accelerators (1/5) S. GILARDONI / E. METRAL 12:00 Discussion Session 7/07/2006 09:15 - 11:00 Introduction to Particle Physics F. CLOSE 11:15 - 12:00 Accelerators (2/5) S. GILARDONI / E. METRAL 12:00 Discussion Session 09:15 - 10:00 Accelerators (3/5) S. GILARDONI / E. METRAL 10:15 - 12:00 Detectors (1-2/5) O. ULLALAND 12:00 Discussion Session 11/07/2006 09:15 - 10:00 Accelerators (4/5) S. GILARDONI / E. METRAL 10:15 - 11:00 Detectors (3/5) O. ULLALAND 11:15 - 12:00 Introduction to Nuclear Physics (1/4) P. CHOMAZ P. CHOMAZ 10:15 - 11:00 Accelerators (5/5) S. GILARDONI / E. METRAL 11:15 - 12:00 Detectors (4/5) O. ULLALAND 12:00 Discus...

  13. SUMMER STUDENT LECTURE PROGRAMME

    CERN Multimedia

    Françoise Benz

    2002-01-01

    SUMMER STUDENT LECTURE PROGRAMME Main Auditorium, bldg. 500   DATE TIME LECTURER TITLE Monday 29 July 09:15 - 10:00 R. RATTAZZI Beyond the Standard Model (3/3) 10:15 - 11:00 P. WELLS Experimental test of the SM - LEP (3/3) 11:15 - 12:00 P. WELLS Discussion Session 14:00 - 16:00 R. ASSMANN The CLIC Concept for a Future Particle Collider at the Energy Frontier Tuesday 30 July 09:15 - 10:00 F. ANTINORI Heavy Ions (1/2) 10:15 - 12:00 F. DYDAK Neutrino Physics (1&2/4) Wednesday 31 July  09:15 - 10:00 F. ANTINORI Heavy Ions (2/2) 10:15 - 11:00 F. DYDAK Neutrino Physics (3/4) 11:15 - 12:00 F. DYDAK / F. ANTINORI Discussion Session Thursday 1 August 09:15 - 10:00 T. NAKADA CP Violation (1/4) 10:15 - 11:00 F. DYDAK Neutrino Physics (4/4) 11:15 - 12:00 F. BEDESCHI Experimental test of the SM Tevatron (1/2) Friday 2 August 09:15 - 10:00 T. NAKADA CP Violation (2/4) 10:15 ? 11:00 F. BEDESCHI Experimental test of the SM Tevatron (2/2) 11:15 ? 12:00 F. BEDESCHI / T. NAKADA Di...

  14. Summer student final report

    CERN Document Server

    Guzik, Jakub

    2013-01-01

    During my time spent at CERN I worked under the Technology Department of CERN, in the Machine Protection and Electrical Integrity (MPE) Group. The MPE Group supports LHC operations and maintains state of the art technology for magnet circuit protection and interlock systems for the present and future accelerators, magnet test facilities and CERN hosted experiments[1]. As a member of Magnet Powering Interlocks & Software (TE-MPE-MS) section I was involved in three different projects and used not only CERN developed tools like FESA Framework, but also open source C++ frameworks, Google Test and Google Mock. I had a chance to work with Programmable Logic Controllers and real-time devices known as Front End Computers. I was part of a software developer team, and familiarized myself with the Scrum agile software development methodology. The description and results of my work are presented in three parts of this report. Each part describes a separate project created during my participation in the CERN Summer St...

  15. Summer music festivals

    CERN Multimedia

    2008-01-01

    Although July is set to be a crucial time in the working life of the Laboratory, the CERN clubs have organised musical events to make sure that there’s also a chance to chill out and relax. The group Blend at the 2007 Hardronic Festival. From left to right (on stage): Eric Pfirsch, Stephan Petit, Frédéric Lejal, Niklaus Hirt, Paulo Dos Santos with Laurent Tarrano filming.If you have a strong appetite for music the ‘Monts Jura Jazz Festival’, might tempt you this summer. Sponsored by both the CERN Administration and the Staff Association, it is an established highlight of the local arts calendar and will this year be held on 4 and 5 July in Crozet, France. For the third year running established musicians, stars of the jazz scene, and rising talent from France, Switzerland and Brazil will be joining forces to perform an exiting mixture of jazz music. A ‘master class’ in improvisation methods will also be held on Saturda...

  16. SUMMER STUDENT LECTURE PROGRAMME

    CERN Multimedia

    Françoise Benz

    2002-01-01

    Main Auditorium, bldg. 500   DATE TIME LECTURER TITLE Wednesday 3 July 09:15 - 10:00 L. FAYARD, O. ULLALAND Presentation of the Summer Student Programm 10:15 - 12:00 L. MAIANI Introduction to CERN (1&2/2) 14:00 - 15:00 G. Stevenson Radiation Protection (Council Chamber, bldg.503) Thursday 4 July 09:15 - 11:00 F. CLOSE Introduction to Particle Physics for non Physics Students (1&2/4) 11:15 - 12:00 C. JORAM Particle Detectors (1/5) Friday 5 July 09:15 - 11:00 F. CLOSE Introduction to Particle Physics for non Physics Students (3&4/4) 11:15 - 12:00 Discussion Session Monday 8 July 09:15 - 10:00 R. KLEISS Fundamental Concepts of Particle Physics (1/6) 10:15 - 11:00 C. JORAM Particle Detectors (2/5) 11:15 - 12:00 M. FRANKLIN Classic Experiments (1/3) 14:00 - 15:00 M. LINDROOS Isolde 15:30 - 16:30 M. LINDROOS Visit of the Experiment Tuesday 9 july 09:15 - 10:00 R. KLEISS Fundamental Concepts of Particle Physics (2/6) 10:15 - 11:00 C. JORAM Part...

  17. Diagnóstico de la fertilidad de los suelos y estimativos sobre las necesidades de fertilizantes para el distrito de riego del Río Zulia (Norte de Santander Fertility diagnosis and fertilizer estimates for the soils of the Zulia River Irrigation District (Norte de Santander

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sánchez Ortega Gloria Patricia

    1996-12-01

    Full Text Available Entre los semestres 1994 B y 1995 A, se realizó un diagnóstico de las principales características químicas de los suelos arroceros del Distrito de Riego del Río Zulia (Norte de Santander, con el fin de identificar las principales limitantes nutricionales y definir parámetros sobre el manejo adecuado de fertilizantes y correctivos. EI uso de levantamiento de suelos preexistente, al igual que los análisis mineralógicos, foliares y de calidad de aguas para riego, en asocio con la encuesta realizada a los agricultores, permitieron una mayor precisión en el muestreo, la interpretación de los resultados y las recomendaciones finales.A diagnosis of the main chemical characteristics of the rice-growing soils of the Zulia river irrigation district (Norte de Santander was made between the semesters 19948 and 1995A, aimed at identifying the main nutritional constraints, and defining some parameters on the adequate managements of fertilizers and amendments. The use of the pre-existing soil mapping, as well as mineralogical, leaf and irrigation-water quality analyses, associated with a poll carried out among the farmers, allowed for a greater sample-precision, better interpretation of the results, and more accurate final recomendations.

  18. Diario del General Santander

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guillermo Hernández De Alba

    1963-06-01

    Full Text Available El doctor Rafael Martínez Briceño, eminente médico legista y abogado con notables títulos en la cultura colombiana como humanista y bibliófilo de rara erudición, posee una de las bibliotecas privadas más ricas del país, donde están representados en ediciones príncipes o rarísimas, los ingenios del Renacimiento y de la cultura universal del Barroco, así como las más raras ediciones impresas en hispanoamérica a partir del siglo XVI, especialmente relacionadas con las letras neogranadinas y colombianas.

  19. Summer Research Institute Interfacial and Condensed Phase Chemical Physics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Barlow, Stephan E.

    2004-10-01

    Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) hosted its first annual Summer Research Institute in Interfacial and Condensed Phase Chemical Physics from May through September 2004. During this period, fourteen PNNL scientists hosted sixteen young scientists from eleven different universities. Of the sixteen participants, fourteen were graduate students; one was transitioning to graduate school; and one was a university faculty member.

  20. Summer Learning Programs and Student Success in the Global Economy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smink, Jeffrey D.

    2007-01-01

    In the United States and around the rest of the world, there is a renewed focus on ensuring that schools are providing students with the skills necessary to compete in the global economy. High-quality summer learning programs are an ideal vehicle to help students gain content knowledge and develop innovative skills: they provide time for…

  1. Evaluation Report, Brookville EEE Program, ESEA Title I, Summer, 1970.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morgan, Don L.

    Contained in this report is an evaluation of the ESEA Title I Environmental-Ecological Education Program for educationally disadvantaged students operated by the Brookville Area School District, Pennsylvania. The program is a modification of a previously operated ESEA Title III Rural Youth Enrichment Program. Conducted during the summer of 1970,…

  2. Science and Mathematics Enrichment for the Disabled: A Summer Program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    DeLuca, Nancy; Zames, Frieda

    1988-01-01

    In the summer of 1986, the New Jersey Institute of Technology sponsored a program to provide disabled junior high school students with exposure to technical career options and the skills needed for success in technological fields. Characteristics of the program and the students are discussed. (Author/BJV)

  3. Diseño y montaje de una página wap que implemente el acceso a la información académica de la universidad francisco de paula santander

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dinael Guevara-Ibarra

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available WAP is the acronym for Wireless Application Protocol (Wireless Application Protocol and is the means of transport communications between wireless devices and servers. The University Francisco de Paula Santander will from the second half of 2003 with a WAP portal that will allow students and interested, consult the information from the institution using the benefits of mobile communications equipment (cell. This article briefly describes the theoretical bases that were the subject of study for the project of the WAP page of the institution such as the WAP standard, the layers of the WAP protocol, the components and the operating model of a WAP system and the programming language to develop WAP applications; In addition, the parameters taken into account for the selection of the information to be displayed on the portal and the tools used in the manufacture and assembly of mobile Internet page of the University Francisco de Paula Santander exposed

  4. Effects of a Summer Mathematics Intervention for Low-Income Children: A Randomized Experiment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lynch, Kathleen; Kim, James S.

    2017-01-01

    Prior research suggests that summer learning loss among low-income children contributes to income-based gaps in achievement and educational attainment. We present results from a randomized experiment of a summer mathematics program conducted in a large, high-poverty urban public school district. Children in the third to ninth grade (N = 263) were…

  5. "How I Spent My Summer Vacation: I Completed a Marathon!" This Could Be Your Child's Story

    Science.gov (United States)

    Toney, Julie; Gombash, Laurie

    2011-01-01

    Staying active during the summer is of vital importance to all children. For children with disabilities, it becomes even more important to participate in a summer program so that there is no loss of function when returning to school in the fall. The core muscles are the stomach, back, and pelvic muscles, which support posture. Research shows that…

  6. Fab! or Drab?: Increasing the Effectiveness of Teaching and Learning in Summer Classes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Omelicheva, Mariya Y.

    2012-01-01

    This article reviews the pitfalls and benefits of teaching and learning in summer school and identifies the lack of student interest as the key factor affecting the effectiveness of learning in the summer. The primary goal of this research is to investigate the impact of active learning strategies on generating student interest and improving their…

  7. Summer Student Report - AV Workflow

    CERN Document Server

    Abramson, Jessie

    2014-01-01

    The AV Workflow is web application which allows cern users to publish, update and delete videos from cds. During my summer internship I implemented the backend of the new version of the AV Worklow in python using the django framework.

  8. CERN Summer Student Project Report

    CERN Document Server

    Parton, Thomas

    2015-01-01

    My Summer Student project was divided between two areas: work on Thin Gap Chamber (TGC) Level-1 muon triggers for the ATLAS experiment, and data acquisition (DAQ) for an RPC muon detector at the Gamma Irradiation Facility (GIF++)

  9. Summer Final Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Makidi, Nitou

    2012-01-01

    The summer of 2012 has been filled with many memorable events and activities. As an intern, I had responsibilities that had to be fulfilled. My tour of duty was completed as an administrative student trainee in the Information Technology and Communications Services Business Office (IT-A). In accordance with the Business Objectives and Agreement of the Business Office and my performance plan, I was to provide business office support, improve business, project management, and technical work processes. With this being stated, I supported a project called "The Big Move Project" (TBMP), which will take course over the next several years. The Big Move Project is the planning of the Information Technology (IT) Directorate's relocation to various buildings in the course of upcoming years, when designs and the building of Central Campus have been completed. Working directly with my supervisor and the project manager, I was responsible for gathering both administrative and operational area requirements for the Information Technology (IT) Directorate, along with its outsourced support and contractors, such as IMCS, NICS, and ACES. My first action was to create rubrics that will serve as a guideline for the information that should be given by each branch of IT. After receiving that information via a few KAITS actions, I was able to start the consolidation process, and begin working on a presentation. A SharePoint was created shortly after for others to view the progression of the project, which I managed. During the consolidation ofthis information, I would occasionally present to the IT Deputy Director and IT Chiefs. The draft of this presentation was shown to employees of Center Operations (T A) and stakeholders-IT Chief Officers and contractor managers-in the relocation of IT to make them aware of what requirements must be met that will enable IT to be accommodated appropriately in the design of Central Campus Phase 11-the time in which IT and its contractors are scheduled

  10. 陕西省关中地区暑期少年儿童游泳培训班办学调查研究%Investigation and Study of Situation of School-running of Summer Young Children Swimming Training Course in Guanzhong Region of Shaanxi Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    惠忠涛

    2011-01-01

    采用问卷调查法、文献资料法、专家访谈法、数理统计法对陕西省关中地区6个场所暑期少年儿童游泳培训班办学情况进行了调查研究,对少年儿童学习游泳的动机、兴趣、课时数、家长的评价、存在问题的主要原因进行了分析、探究,并根据办学的现状提出了一些建议,为暑期游泳培训科学、健康、长远发展提供一些有价值的参考.%Situation of school-running of summer young children swimming training course in six places of Guanzhong region of Shaanxi province was investigated by using questionnaire, literature data method, expert interview method, mathematical statistics method, and the motivation of young children learning swimming, interest, class number, the evaluation of parents, and the main causes of existing problems were analyzed and explored, meanwhile, according to the present situation of school-running, some suggestions were put forward to provide some valuable reference for scientific, healthy, long-term development of summer swimming training.

  11. The Summer Robotic Autonomy Course

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nourbakhsh, Illah R.

    2002-01-01

    We offered a first Robotic Autonomy course this summer, located at NASA/Ames' new NASA Research Park, for approximately 30 high school students. In this 7-week course, students worked in ten teams to build then program advanced autonomous robots capable of visual processing and high-speed wireless communication. The course made use of challenge-based curricula, culminating each week with a Wednesday Challenge Day and a Friday Exhibition and Contest Day. Robotic Autonomy provided a comprehensive grounding in elementary robotics, including basic electronics, electronics evaluation, microprocessor programming, real-time control, and robot mechanics and kinematics. Our course then continued the educational process by introducing higher-level perception, action and autonomy topics, including teleoperation, visual servoing, intelligent scheduling and planning and cooperative problem-solving. We were able to deliver such a comprehensive, high-level education in robotic autonomy for two reasons. First, the content resulted from close collaboration between the CMU Robotics Institute and researchers in the Information Sciences and Technology Directorate and various education program/project managers at NASA/Ames. This collaboration produced not only educational content, but will also be focal to the conduct of formative and summative evaluations of the course for further refinement. Second, CMU rapid prototyping skills as well as the PI's low-overhead perception and locomotion research projects enabled design and delivery of affordable robot kits with unprecedented sensory- locomotory capability. Each Trikebot robot was capable of both indoor locomotion and high-speed outdoor motion and was equipped with a high-speed vision system coupled to a low-cost pan/tilt head. As planned, follow the completion of Robotic Autonomy, each student took home an autonomous, competent robot. This robot is the student's to keep, as she explores robotics with an extremely capable tool in the

  12. Evaluación del desempeño de los egresados del programa de enfermería de la universidad de Santander 2004-2010

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudia Consuelo Torres Contreras

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: El objetivo del estudio fue evaluar el impacto laboral de los egresados del programa de enfermería de la universidad de Santander entre el periodo 2004-2010, con el fin de medir el desempeño laboral basado en calidad y posicionamiento en el medio. Siendo este importante para establecer la calidad del programa académico cursado y el nivel de competencia profesional de los egresados. Materiales y Métodos: Estudio observacional de corte transversal, la recolección de la información se llevo a cabo en el segundo periodo académico del 2011 y primer periodo del 2012. La población estuvo conformada por los Empleadores de egresados del Programa de Enfermería de la Universidad de Santander UDES y Egresados del Programa de Enfermería de la Universidad de Santander UDES. Ambas muestras fueron seleccionadas mediante muestreo no probabilístico de tipo intencional o conveniencia. Resultados: se encuestaron 105 egresados, se contactaron 20 empleadores que evaluaron en total 53 egresados. La evaluación realizada por los empleadores respecto a conocimientos y capacidades de los egresados a su cargo muestra que en cuanto a conocimientos teóricos más del 50% perciben que el nivel de sus subalternos es bueno, el 60% perciben bueno la comunicación oral y escrita, la capacidad de resolver problemas y creatividad fueron calificados por un 45% de los evaluadores dentro de las categorías de bueno y excelente, el 65% perciben un nivel de excelencia para el compromiso ético, integridad y honestidad. Discusión y Conclusiones: El perfil de los egresados evaluados del Programa de Enfermería UDES es asistencial en un 60%. Los egresados del Programa de Enfermería UDES obtuvieron una calificación buena en conocimientos prácticos, aprendizaje, capacidad de análisis, comunicación oral, comunicación escrita, adaptación a cambios, trabajar bajo presión y asumir responsabilidades. (Rev Cuid 2012; 3

  13. Eating abroad, remembering (at home Manger à l’étranger, des souvenirs familiaux. Trois "foodscapes" de la migration équatorienne à New York, Londres et Santander

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diana Mata Codesal

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The relationship migrants forge with food is not straightforward. Along with migrants' personal or group features (e.g. gender, generation, age, etc., specific origin and residence characteristics encourage or hinder specific practices in their new places of residency. Such descriptors also imbue migrants' food practices with different meanings. Using data from Ecuadorian migration to Europe and the US I sketch in this paper three different ways in which food plays out in contexts of migrancy; the case of New York city where Ecuadorian migrants can easily get into an 'already-present home from home' creating and sustaining a transnational food sphere; London where there are very few Ecuadorian migrants but they can draw onto other transnational communities' food resources; and the Spanish Northern town of Santander1 where there is neither a strong Ecuadorian community nor other relevant ethnic communities.La relation que les migrants développent avec la nourriture n'est pas simple. Aux caractéristiques personnelles des migrants (leur sexe, leur âge ou les relations générationnelles se joignent les particularités propres aux lieux d'origine et de résidence pour faciliter ou rendre difficile des pratiques alimentaires spécifiques. Des telles caractéristiques imprègnent les pratiques alimentaires des migrants avec des significations différentes. Utilisant des données sur la migration équatorienne en Europe et aux Etats-Unis, je décris dans cet article trois rapports différents avec la nourriture, développés par les migrants là où ils résident :le cas de New York, où les migrants équatoriens peuvent facilement créer et maintenir une sphère alimentaire transnationale; Londres, où il y a très peu de migrants équatoriens, mais où ceux-ci peuvent utiliser des ressources alimentaires d'autres groupes transnationaux; et la ville espagnole de Santander, dans laquelle n'ont été relevés ni une forte présence

  14. Summer Camp of the CERN Staff Association

    CERN Multimedia

    Staff Association

    2017-01-01

    A Journey to Discover the Four Elements Over the past few years, the Children’s Day-Care Centre and School (EVEE) of the CERN Staff Association has transformed into a summer camp for the four weeks of July. Every year, this summer camp welcomes up to 40 children from 4 to 6 years old. The camp offers a rich and varied program. This year, the theme was the four elements of life, and the children set out on a journey to discover a different element every week: WATER was the theme of the first week. What is water? What purpose does it serve? Where can we find it? With these questions and many others in mind, the children set out on a cruise, sailing across Lake Geneva to visit the Lake Geneva Museum in Nyon. All through the week, the children were able to discover the different properties of water by carrying out various scientific experiments. For instance, getting soaked can certainly help observe a simple property of water: it’s wet! Giggles guaranteed. The children made fancy hats and e...

  15. CERN openlab summer student programme

    CERN Multimedia

    2013-01-01

    CERN openlab is currently taking applications for its summer student programme. The closing date for applications is 31 March 2013.   The openlab summer student programme is open for applications from bachelor, master and PhD students in computer science and physics. Successful applicants will spend 9 weeks at CERN, during the period from June to September 2013, working with some of the latest hardware and software technologies. The programme is more than just a summer at CERN: it can lead to follow-on projects at the home institute and may even inspire students to become entrepreneurs in cutting-edge computing technologies. A series of lectures will be given by experts in various domains of CERN-related high-throughput computing. Study tours of external companies and universities as well as of CERN facilities are also part of the programme. Please visit the CERN openlab website for more information.

  16. CERN openlab Summer Student Programme

    CERN Multimedia

    2012-01-01

    CERN openlab is currently taking applications for its summer student programme. The closing date for applications is 30 March 2012.   The openlab Summer Student Programme is open for applications from bachelor, master and PhD students in computer science and physics. Successful applicants will spend 8 weeks at CERN, during the period June to September 2012, to work with some of the latest hardware and software technologies. The programme is more than just a summer at CERN: it can lead to follow-on projects at the home institute and may even inspire the students to become entrepreneurs in cutting-edge computing technologies. A series of lectures will be given by experts in various domains of CERN related high-throughput computing. Study tours to external companies and universities as well as to CERN facilities are also part of the programme. Please visit www.cern.ch/openlab-students for more information.

  17. School Information

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Huijia Private School To improve your Chinese rapidly and gain a solid experience of Chinese culture, what are you waiting for? Huijia Private School Summer Camp welcomes you to study together with Chinese students, playing and living together with your pals. Besides those interesting activities, we also arrange for you to join the "one-help-one" program, in which you are paired with one of our top students. In addition, we scien-

  18. DELITOS SEXUALES Y PRÁCTICA JUDICIAL EN COLOMBIA: 1870-1900. LOS CASOS DE BOLÍVAR, ANTIOQUIA Y SANTANDER

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Wilson Márquez Estrada

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo analiza el fenómeno de las conductas agresivas contra la libertad sexual de la mujer a finales del siglo XIX en Colombia, tipificadas como delitos sexuales, y la forma en que se desarrollaban los procesos judiciales con relación a este tipo de criminalidad. Primero se hace un análisis del concepto de delito sexual y de sus diferentes manifestaciones en la sociedad de finales del siglo XIX colombiano, soportado en el estudio de las tipificaciones de dichos delitos en los códigos penales de la época. Luego se hace un estudio de las características de la práctica judicial y del proceso penal en este tipo de delitos, sobre todo de su relación con la mentalidad religiosa y moral de la época. Después se presentan diferentes casos de agresiones sexuales a finales del siglo XIX, específicamente en Antioquia y Santander. Finalmente se hace una presentación de los informes de las autoridades del Estado Soberano de Bolívar sobre la comisión de delitos sexuales en su territorio.

  19. ORGANIZACIÓN SOCIAL DE UNA COLONIA DEL MURCIÉLAGO Carollia brevicauda EN UN REFUGIO ARTIFICIAL, BOCHALEMA, NORTE DE SANTANDER, COLOMBIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ARLEY O. GALLARDO

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Se estudió la organización social de una colonia del murciélago frugívoro Carollia brevicauda en un refugio artificial en Bochalema, Norte de Santander, Colombia. Empleando un nuevo tipo de marcaje que consiste en decoloración capilar y mediante muestreos focales se observó la colonia desde septiembre de 2007 a septiembre de 2008. Se determinó que esta es definida por cuatro grupos los cuales no variaron en su conformación a lo largo del tiempo. Se estableció que las hembras fueron más fieles al refugio que los machos. Se evaluó el presupuesto de tiempo diurno y se registró que los individuos tienen un 73,9 % de tiempo en reposo, seguido del acicalamiento con un 26,6 % y las hembras presentaron mayor actividad que los machos sobre todo en época seca. Se determinaron diferencias en registros entre C. brevicauda y C. perspicillata, como por ejemplo la fidelidad de las hembras al refugio.

  20. El modelo pedagógico de la reforma instruccionista de 1870 en el Estado Soberano de Santander: un modelo para la formación de ciudadanos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rolando Humberto Malte Arévalo

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available El texto se propone describir el contenido pedagógico de la reforma instruccionista de 1870 nacida y aplicada en el Estado Soberano de Santander entre 1865 y 1885. Pese a que la reforma ha captado la atención de numerosos investigadores, aún no hay estudios que hablen de los cambios pedagógicos promovidos por esta reforma. Así pues, la presente investigación intentará develar cada uno de los aspectos que la caracterizaron, para mostrar que en efecto la reforma instruccionista liberal, tal como lo han señalado algunos investigadores, constituyó un programa político que propendía por la modernización de la sociedad colombiana. Para lograr este propósito se apela al concepto modelo pedagógico, tomado de la teoría pedagógica contemporánea, como herramienta que le ayude al observador de hoy en día a develar los rasgos de un fenómeno que se ha mantenido oculto en los documentos. Las fuentes tratadas son todas de orden oficial, pues la reforma fue puesta en marcha precisamente por quienes controlaban en aquel momento el poder político.

  1. Aislamiento e identificación de microorganismos con potencial biofertilizante de suelos arroceros del distrito de riego del rio zulia, norte de santander

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marilyn Tatiana Santos-Torres

    2006-07-01

    Full Text Available It was evaluated the microbial population of soils cultivated with rice at some zones of the district of irrigation of Zulia River, Norte de Santander state, Colombia, and no cultivated soil with rice. It was found that the seeded soil with rice were significantly low in fungi, bacteria and actinomycete populations compa red with no seeded with rice. This situation was due to possibly excessive use of agricultural machine and excessive application of pesticides and continuous rice monoculture. Therefore, with use the biofertilizer enriched with microorganism isolated from zone with similar agroecological conditions, will improve the microorganism adaptation of the rizosphere and will promote a reestablishment of the biological balance of soils and therefore to increase biotic activity improving the quality and productivity of the cultures. A total of 43 bacteria and 4 fungi were isolated in different soils of the studied zone, and were identified 25 microorganisms. According the isolation methodology, the bacteria were separate in two groups: diazotrophic like the species of the genera Azotobacter sp., Azospirillum sp. and Beijerinckia sp. and the phosphate solubilizate inorganic like Bacillus megaterium, B. cereus, Pseudomonas putida and P. aeruginosa. For the fungi identification were evaluate the micro and macroscopic characteristics in the culture medium Czapeck, following the fungi keys of Samson Hoekstra and Oorsehot (1981, which allowed recognize species like Trichoderma sp., Aspergillus niger, Penicillium purpurogenum, P. pinopilum.

  2. Parasitoides de Trialeurodes vaporariorum Westwood, 1856 (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae en cultivos de fríjol en García Rovira, Santander

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Arnoldo Granadillo-Cuello

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Background: The whitefly complex is one of the main entomological problems of this country, due to the large number of hosts and for their wide distribution. Two species of this complex are Bemisia tabaci and Trialeurodes vaporariorum; the latter has been identified as a pest of tomatoes, beans and snuff in the sampling area. Objective: Determine the species of parasitoids associated with Trialeurodes vaporariorum bean crop in four municipalities of the Province of Garcia Rovira, in the department of Santander. Methods: This investigation was conducted in the municipalities of Enciso, Málaga, Concepción and El Cerrito. Stages random sampling with a sample size of 50 leaflets per culture was grown. The parasitoids were collected through cameras recovery. The measures were, Total nymphs parasitized nymphs emerged parasitoids emerged parasitoids no, emerged nymphs. Results: Two species of the order Hymenoptera, identified as Encarsia pergandiella and Amitus fuscipennis recovered. The results indicate that parasitism levels range from 3% to 20% Amitus fuscipennis (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae was present in 96.48% of the samples. Conclusions. Amitus fuscipennis is the most abundant parasitoid of Trialeurodes vaporariorum in natural conditions in the Province of Garcia Rovira Encarcia pergandiella is less abundant due to its little adaptation to the conditions of the study area.

  3. EFICACIA EN LA RESTITUCIÓN DE TIERRAS A VÍCTIMAS DE DESPLAZAMIENTO FORZADO DE OCAÑA NORTE DE SANTANDER

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fidencio Suarez Vargas

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN En este trabajo investigativo desarrollamos el tema referente a la eficacia en la restitución de tierras a las víctimas de desplazamiento forzado de la ciudad de Ocaña, Norte de Santander, durante el año 2014. A través del mismo nos propusimos compendia y analizar los distintos componentes jurídicos referentes al tema de estudio, con el objeto de establecer su funcionalidad en el municipio de Ocaña. Por medio del análisis cuantitativo de las cifras que reportan los juzgados de restitución de tierras respecto al número de reclamaciones realizadas a partir de la expedición de la ley, número de sentencias y número de restituciones llevadas a cabo, establecimos el nivel de eficacia del estado en lo que respecta al cumplimiento de este derecho principalísimo a las víctimas del conflicto armado colombiano. Finalmente, conoceremos que el grado de cumplimiento por parte del estado a las víctimas de desplazamiento del municipio de Ocaña es inexistente.

  4. Evaluación de minerales alumino silicatos de Norte de Santander para fabricar piezas cerámicas de gran formato

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandra Milena Rozo-Rincón

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Se dan a conocer los resultados de la influencia del feldespato al ser mezclado con arcilla del área metropolitana de Cúcuta (Norte de Santander, Colombia, en relación con las principales variables que son tenidas en cuenta a la hora de fabricar un producto cerámico tradicional de gran formato mediante técnica de conformado por extrusión. Los materiales empleados fueron arcillas provenientes de las formaciones León y Guayabo, y el feldespato del municipio de Sardinata, los cuales fueron estudiados mediante difracción de rayos (DRX y fluorescencia de rayos X (FRX. Las probetas conformadas se realizaron empleando proporciones de 100:0, 90:10 y 80:20 de arcilla-feldespato, respectivamente, y fueron sometidas a cocción a las temperaturas de 950°C-1000°C-1050°C. Se observó que la adición de feldespato mejoró de manera significativa las propiedades estudiadas para todas las arcillas empleadas en comparación con la mezcla patrón. Las muestras preparadas con arcilla Támesis presentaron el mejor desempeño.

  5. Orientaciones socialmente responsables para la permanencia estudiantil en programas de educación a distancia de la Universidad Industrial de Santander-UIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ruth Zárate-Rueda

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Ante las dinámicas sociales del mundo actual, la educación a distancia se ha convertido en la principal estrategia orientada al aumento de capacidades y oportunidades para alcanzar niveles óptimos de bienestar social. No obstante, a pesar de programas flexibles que facilitan la vinculación universitaria como Tecnología y Gestión Empresarial, ofertados por el Instituto de Proyección Regional y Educación a Distan - cia-IPRED de la Universidad Industrial de Santander - UIS, el número de graduados en comparación con los ingresantes no es el esperado: durante el periodo 2007-2009 se identificó un índice de abandono del 55 % y 28% respectivamente. Este estudio cuantitativo de diseño descriptivo a partir de la muestra aleatoria estratificada permite la identificación de características, patrones de conducta y actitudes, para señalar los comportamientos concretos de los desertores. Como resultado, se estableció que las motivaciones socioeconómicas de aban - dono escolar están interconectadas con otras variables, afirmando un fenómeno multicausal que orienta a la construcción de estrategias socialmente responsables de seguimiento y permanencia, en procura de su disminución, en el marco de la Responsabilidad Social de la UIS.

  6. Percepciones acerca de la masculinidad en un grupo de hombres y mujeres del Área Metropolitana de Bucaramanga, Santander, Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ángel Nemecio Barba Rincón

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo es el resultado de una investigación realizada en el área metropolitana de Bucaramanga en el marco del convenio 2088 de 2015 entre la Gobernación de Santander y la Universidad Autónoma de Bucaramanga acerca de las percepciones de masculinidad que tienen hombres y mujeres. El objetivo es comprender cómo se percibe la masculinidad y los elementos culturales que la definen. La metodología fue de tipo cualitativo y se desarrolló a partir de la conformación de grupos focales. La interpretación y análisis de los resultados se basa en dos categorías: ámbito privado y ámbito público, ya que estos son escenarios donde se socializan los roles de género. Algunas de las características sobresalientes en las percepciones de la masculinidad son: poder, fuerza, responsabilidad, autoridad y dominio.

  7. Modelos estimados de análisis de supervivencia para el tiempo de permanencia de los estudiantes de la Universidad Francisco de Paula Santander

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mawency Vergel Ortega

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available The article shows factors associated with college desertion. The survival analysis technique allowed to perform a study with students from different programs at the Francisco de Paula Santander University, considering the events: semester, abandonment, punishment, punishment - abandonment. Using the Kaplan-Meier estimator [1], the survival function for each event of interest was estimated and desertion models whose variables were significant at 10% using the semi-parametric method of Cox [2] were determined. The verification test of proportional hazards, residual figures of Schoenfeld [3] and influence were used as statistics tools to explain the survival of the students. Results of the survival functions have revealed that the management of pre-concepts in science (precalculus, chemistry, physics is a factor that increases the risk, students wishing to study other programs, as well as those who have received any punishment have greater tendency to abandonment. Lower scores on tests and no pre-concepts management, as well as loss of employment of parents and psychoactive substance use are at greater risk of abandonment. Graduate students show high risk of desertion due to socioeconomic factors or non-completion of thesis; four determinants were identified as risk ratios through the Cox regression model [2], individual factors, socioeconomic factors, academic factors and institutional factors and a factor determined from perceptions associated with aptitude and attitude of the teacher.

  8. Summer Student Programme – Report

    CERN Document Server

    Bellora, Andrea

    2016-01-01

    This is the report on the studies about radiation damage on silicon strips detectors I've performed during my Summer Student Programme. A parameter to describe the damage amount has been defined, as well as his behaviour over time and absorbed dose.

  9. Summer Student Report - Project Kryolize

    CERN Document Server

    Drozdowski, Pawel

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this document is to describe the work and results obtained by the author during his summer student internship at CERN. The author of this document was attached to the project Kryolize as a software developer, overtaking the job from a recently departed technical student.

  10. The South Carolina Collaborative Undergraduate HBCU Student Summer Training Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-03-01

    senior years of college and are continuing to take the GRE and apply to graduate or professional schools. We expect at least 75% of the Student ...program as well as the expectations of the students . Ms. Tonya Hazelton, who coordinates the DOD Training Program, gave an overview of the DOD South...DOD South Carolina Collaborative Undergraduate HBCU Student Summer Training Program were rising sophomores through seniors. As described below, we are

  11. 21st Century Community Learning Centers: Providing Afterschool and Summer Learning Support to Communities Nationwide

    Science.gov (United States)

    Afterschool Alliance, 2014

    2014-01-01

    The 21st Century Community Learning Centers (21st CCLC) initiative is the only federal funding source dedicated exclusively to before-school, afterschool, and summer learning programs. Each state education agency receives funds based on its share of Title I funding for low-income students at high-poverty, low performing schools. Funds are also…

  12. The Effects of the Elevate Math Summer Program on Math Achievement and Algebra Readiness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Snipes, Jason; Huang, Chun-Wei; Jaquet, Karina; Finkelstein, Neal

    2016-01-01

    To raise math success rates in middle school, many schools and districts have implemented summer math programs designed to improve student preparation for algebra content in grade 8. However, little is known about the effectiveness of these programs. While students who participate typically experience learning gains, there is little rigorous…

  13. Improving Astronomy Achievement and Attitude through Astronomy Summer Project: A Design, Implementation and Assessment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Türk, Cumhur; Kalkan, Hüseyin; Iskeleli', Nazan Ocak; Kiroglu, Kasim

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of an astronomy summer project implemented in different learning activities on elementary school students, pre-service elementary teachers and in-service teachers' astronomy achievement and their attitudes to astronomy field. This study is the result of a five-day, three-stage, science school,…

  14. Etiología viral de infección respiratoria aguda en niños menores de 5 años en las provincias Comunera y García Rovira de Santander

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge R. García Corzo

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: La infección respiratoria aguda es una causa importante de morbimortalidad en menores de cinco años en los municipios de las provincias de Santander. La etiología viral en esos municipios no es bien conocida. Objetivo: El objetivo del estudio fue determinar la etiología viral de la infección respiratoria aguda en menores de cinco años en las provincias Comunera y García Rovira del departamento de Santander entre diciembre de 2012 y diciembre de 2013. Materiales y métodos: Estudio descriptivo en población usuaria de servicios de urgencias. Se obtuvieron muestras por hisopado nasofaríngeo y se realizó amplificación por reacción en cadena de polimerasa con el test Seeplex® RV15 OneStep ACE Detection, multiplex para 15 virus. Resultados: Participaron 64 niños, 57,8% niños de sexo masculino. El 26,6%, de los niños eran menores de un año. La positividad para virus fue del 37,5% de las muestras. El 75% de las muestras positivas fueron de la provincia Comunera y 25% de la provincia de García Rovira. Hubo co-infección por dos virus en 8,3% de las muestras positivas. Los virus más identificados fueron Rhinovirus (29%, Parainfluenza 4 (20,8% e Influenza (12,5%. También se identificó Coronavirus, Adenovirus, Virus Sincitial Respiratorio, Metapneumovirus y otros virus Parainfluenza. Conclusiones: En las dos provincias de Santander evaluadas circula una amplia cantidad de virus respiratorios en menores de cinco años. El Rhinovirus fue identificado como el más frecuente. Se encontró presencia de Metapneumovirus y Coronavirus humano.

  15. Summer Mini Atomiade June 2016

    CERN Multimedia

    Staff Association

    2016-01-01

    The Mini Atomiade are coming to CERN! Members of Clubs supported by the CERN Staff Association and in conjunction with ASCERI (Association of the Sports Communities of the European Research Institutes) will be organising the summer games at the beginning of June. ASCERI aims to contribute to a united Europe through regular sports meetings, bringing together members of public Research Institutes at European level. The Association's members come from over 40 Research Institutes spanning 16 countries. Numerous sports and leisure activities are represented at regular events and each tournament is organised by a different research institute. Clubs in conjunction with the CERN Staff Association have sent teams to previous winter and summer games and now, the CERN Club’s Coordination Committee (CCC) has now taken on the challenge of organising a Mini Atomiade from Friday June 3rd to Monday June 6th 2016 in Divonne-les-Bains. The games are made up of four different tournaments/competitions: Small Fi...

  16. Description and Explanation of "Photo Essay." Information and Correspondence Regarding Formation of Educational Exchange between Newton North High School and La Escuela Preparatoria de la Universidad de Guanajuato. Fulbright-Hays Summer Seminar Abroad 1997 (Mexico).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cremin, Denise R.

    This paper provides the text, both introduction and more detailed description, of a "photoessay" photoessay developed by a participant in the Fulbright program in Mexico. The "photoessay" was presented at the participant's school. Viewers comments are included in the paper. The paper also briefly describes an educational…

  17. EVALUACIÓN DE DOS ETAPAS FENOLÓGICAS DE 114 ACCESIONES DE Tadehagi triquetrum EN EL MUNICIPIO DE SANTANDER DE QUILICHAO - CAUCA AVALIAÇÃO DE DUAS ETAPAS FENOLÓGICAS REPRODUTIVAS DE 114 ACCESIONES DE Tadehagi triquetrum DO MUNICÍPIO DE SANTANDER QUILICHAO - CAUCA EVALUATION OF TWO STAGES PHENOLOGICAL OF 114 ACCESSIONS OF Tadehagi triquetrum IN THE MUNICIPALITY OF SANTANDER QUILICHAO - CAUCA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    CARLOS AUGUSTO MARTÍNEZ MAMIÁN

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Los estudios tendientes en conocer la adaptabilidad de materiales novedosos forrajeros en el trópico bajo Colombiano son escasos, por tal razón, se evaluaron dos etapas fenológicas reproductivas (Floración y fructificación de 114 accesiones de Tadehagi triquetrum especie forrajera poco estudiada a nivel mundial, utilizada en la alimentación bovina las cuales son provenientes de Tailandia, Vietnam, China, Indonesia y Papua Nueva Guinea; material vegetal que hace parte del banco de germoplasma del programa de forrajes del Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical (CIATlas accesiones inicialmente fueron sembradas en el invernadero del programa de forrajes del CIAT Palmira (T: 24°C; H relativa de 85% y después de 8 semanas se trasplantaron al sitio definitivo en los terrenos de la subestación experimental del CIAT Santander de Quilichao. Cada accesión fue sembrada en una hilera de tres plantas, donde se tomaron registros para el análisis descriptivo de las accesiones. Se tuvieron en cuenta cuatro variables del cultivo: días a la primera flor, días al 50% de floración, días a la primera vaina y días al 50% de la producción de vainas, y tres variables ambientales (precipitación, brillo solar y temperatura. Se encontró que las accesiones de Tadehagi triquetrum presentaron su primera flor en promedio a los 137 días y el 50% de la floración a los 156 días después de la siembra en campo. Las variables relacionadas con la producción de vainas se encontraron directamente relacionadas con los días a floración, en promedio a los 14 días de presentarse la primera flor.Os estudios tendentes em conhecer a adaptabilidade de materiais nuviosos forrageiros no trópico baixo Colombiano sao escassos, por tal ração, se avaliaram duas etapas fenológicas reprodutivas (Floração e frutificação de 114 accesiones de Tadehagi triquetrum espécie forrageira pouco estudada á nível mundial, que é utilizada na alimentação bovina, as

  18. Aplicación de la enfermería basada en la evidencia en los currículos de pregrado de enfermería en Santander, Colombia

    OpenAIRE

    Raquel Céspedes Pinto

    2015-01-01

    Introducción: La Enfermería Basada en la Evidencia (EBE), es un movimiento que motiva la investigación y el estudio constante, para incluir la evidencia científica en las decisiones clínicas y de salud. El objetivo de este estudio fue analizar las competencias y componentes disciplinares de la EBE  utilizada en la enseñanza del cuidado en los currículos de los programas de pregrado en enfermería de Santander. Materiales y Métodos: Estudio exploratorio cuantitativo en 69 docentes del área de c...

  19. Plan estratégico de comunicaciones y proceso de inclusión de actores, para la formulación de la política pública para las familias de Santander

    OpenAIRE

    Quintero Muñoz, María Vanessa

    2014-01-01

    El trabajo es una propuesta de planificación de comunicación estratégica e inclusión de actores sociales en la formulación de la política pública para las familias de Santander, Colombia. El trabajo está fundamentado en toda la filosofía y teoría Plangesco, dando altos grados de participación real a la ciudadanía. Facultad de Periodismo y Comunicación Social

  20. Nueva burguesía mercantil y neo-nobleza en el Santander de finales del Antiguo Régimen: algunas reflexiones en torno a D. Francisco Antonio del Campo, Conde de Campo Giro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramón MARURI VILLANUEVA

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available El eje articulador de este trabajo es la figura de don Francisco Antonio del Campo (1759-1817, un representante de la gran burguesía mercantil del Santander de finales del Antiguo Régimen que llegó a integrarse en las filas de la nobleza española. Al destacar algunos aspectos de su vida pretendemos hacer una serie de reflexiones relativas a una sociedad en proceso de cambio como la santanderina —e igualmente la española— en el tránsito del siglo XVIII al XIX.