WorldWideScience

Sample records for santa ana events

  1. Free inside: The Music Class at Santa Ana Jail

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fierro, Joe

    2010-01-01

    This article examines the workings of the music class at the Santa Ana Jail in Santa Ana, California. It gives us insight into a jail system and a music class focused on helping inmates position themselves to become productive members of society. In this article I examine how the facility encourages inmates' good behaviour and why the music class…

  2. 'Santa Ana' winds and upwelling filaments off Northern Baja California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trasviña, A.; Ortiz-Figueroa, M.; Herrera, H.; Cosío, M. A.; González, E.

    2003-08-01

    An atmospheric condition known as a 'Santa Ana' wind occurred from 9 to 11 February 2002. Its effect was felt over a large portion of southern California and the northern half of the Baja California Peninsula. Santa Ana winds are dry, strong northwesterly through easterly mountain downslope winds, most common in winter. Satellite data from Quickscat show two large wind jets crossing the mountains of the peninsula and extending 300 km offshore. Data from a coastal station reveal that the event lasted over 52 h with average speeds of 11 m s -1 and gusts of 25 m s -1. The southernmost jet crosses the mountains at the San Matias mountain pass and generates a cold filament off Point Colonet. Satellite imagery shows this feature lasting at least two inertial periods ( Ti=22 h) and extending 100 km offshore during the observation period. Estimates of the stationary Ekman pumping produced vertical speeds of 20 m per day, consistent in time and location with the observed structures. The ocean off Point Colonet is well known for the existence of upwelling episodes. They occur mostly in the spring or early summer when persistent winds blow towards the equator and parallel to the coast. The events described here present a different phenomenon: upwelling filaments induced by short-lived, offshore winter winds.

  3. Comparison of chaparral regrowth patterns between Santa Ana wind-driven and non-Santa Ana fire areas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rachels, Diane Helen

    Wildfires are a common occurrence in California shrublands and island forests. Fire has a fundamental role in maintaining the ecosystem functions in chaparral where fire intensity and severity play important roles in the regeneration of species. In San Diego, the Cedar Fire that occurred in the fall of 2003 was unique in that one side was burned with wildfire fueled by dry, strong easterly Santa Ana winds that later died down, burning the remainder of the area under a mild westerly wind, allowing fuel-fed conditions. The objective of this study was to understand the connection between vegetation type and structure and environmental response to extreme fire events by analyzing life form regrowth in chaparral communities from the Santa Ana wind driven, Santa Ana backing, and non-Santa Ana fire types. Environmental factors of slope angle, aspect, elevation and soils were investigated in an effort to isolate shrub regrowth patterns. Fire burn characteristics, anthropogenic disturbance, fire history, and moisture availability were also analyzed to identify additional factors that may have influenced shrub regrowth. Shrub extents before the fire and six year after the fire were examined per slope aspect, slope angle, elevation, and fire characteristic categories. The closed canopy and natural features of the chaparral environment make ground based mapping very difficult. Remote sensing data and methods can be very helpful to evaluate the health of the vegetation and condition of the watershed for flood, erosion, and fire control. This study used high spatial resolution aerial imagery and a machine learning algorithm with a spatial contextual classifier to map three different areas from within the Cedar Fire perimeter. Geographic information science (GIS), field mapping, and image interpretation methods were used to identify vegetation samples for the classification and accuracy assessment of the vegetation maps. Object-based image samples were selected for the classifier

  4. Sediment Dynamics Affecting the Threatened Santa Ana Sucker in the Highly-modified Santa Ana River and Inset Channel, Southern California, USA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Minear, J. T.; Wright, S. A.

    2015-12-01

    In this study, we investigate the sediment dynamics of the low-flow channel of the Santa Ana River that is formed by wastewater discharges and contains some of the last remaining habitat of the Santa Ana Sucker (Catostomus santaanae). The Santa Ana River is a highly-modified river draining the San Bernardino Mountains and Inland Empire metropolitan area east of Los Angeles. Home to over 4 million people, the watershed provides habitat for the federally-threatened Santa Ana Sucker, which presently reside within the mainstem Santa Ana River in a reach supported by year-round constant discharges from water treatment plants. The nearly constant low-flow wastewater discharges and infrequent runoff events create a small, approximately 8 m wide, inset channel within the approximately 300 m wide mainstem channel that is typically dry except for large flood flows. The sediment dynamics within the inset channel are characterized by constantly evolving bed substrate and sediment transport rates, and occasional channel avulsions. The sediment dynamics have large influence on the Sucker, which rely on coarse-substrate (gravel and cobble) for their food production. In WY 2013 through the present, we investigated the sediment dynamics of the inset channel using repeat bathymetric and substrate surveys, bedload sampling, and discharge measurements. We found two distinct phases of the inset channel behavior: 1. 'Reset' flows, where sediment-laden mainstem discharges from upstream runoff events result in sand deposition in the inset channel or avulse the inset channel onto previously dry riverbed; and 2. 'Winnowing' flows, whereby the sand within the inset channel is removed by clear-water low flows from the wastewater treatment plant discharges. Thus, in contrast to many regulated rivers where high flows are required to flush fine sediments from the bed (for example, downstream from dams), in the Santa Ana River the low flows from wastewater treatment plants serve as the flushing

  5. A case study of the Santa Ana winds in the San Gabriel mountains

    Science.gov (United States)

    Michael A. Fosberg

    1965-01-01

    Santa Ana wind structure varies between the high main ridges, the foothills, and the canyon bottoms. In each of these regions, a typical pattern characterizes the Santa Ana. Strong steady wind, at the high levels are determined almost completely by the large scale weather patterns. lntermediate canyons and ridges are affected by Santa Ana winds only when the foehn is...

  6. Native fish population and habitat study, Santa Ana River, California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wulff, Marissa L.; Brown, Larry R.; May, Jason

    2017-01-01

    Collection of additional data on the Santa Ana Sucker (Catostomus santaanae) and the Arroyo Chub (Gila orcutti) has been identified as a needed task to support development of the upper Santa Ana River Habitat Conservation Plan (HCP; http://www.uppersarhcp.com/). The ability to monitor population abundance and understanding the habitats used by species are important when developing such plans. The Santa Ana Sucker (Catostomus santaanae) is listed as a threatened species under federal legislation and is considered a species of special concern in California by the California Department of Fish and Wildlife (Moyle 2002). The Arroyo Chub (Gila orcutti) is considered a species of special concern in California by the California Department of Fish and Wildlife (Moyle 2002). Both species are present in the Santa Ana River watershed in the area being evaluated for establishment of the upper Santa Ana River Habitat Conservation Plan (HCP; http://www.uppersarhcp.com/). The HCP is a collaborative effort involving the water resource agencies of the Santa Ana River Watershed, the US Fish and Wildlife Service, California Department of Fish and Wildlife, and other government agencies and stakeholder organizations. The goals of the HCP are to: 1) enable the water resource agencies to provide a reliable water supply for human uses; 2) conserve and maintain natural rivers and streams that provide habitat for a diversity of unique and rare species; and 3) maintain recreational opportunities for activities such as hiking, fishing, and wildlife viewing, provided by the protection of these habitats and the river systems they depend on. The HCP will specify how species and their habitats will be protected and managed in the future and will provide the incidental take permits needed by the water resource agencies under the federal and State endangered species acts to maintain, operate, and improve their water resource infrastructure. Although the Santa Ana Sucker has been the subject of

  7. 75 FR 38441 - Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Revised Critical Habitat for Santa Ana Sucker

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-02

    ... sucker in this document. For more detailed information on the taxonomy, biology, and ecology of Santa Ana... km) of Bear Creek (identified as the Santa Ana River in the December 9, 2009, proposed rule) above... attributed to water management or transportation activities are expected to be borne by entities that meet...

  8. Evaluation of toxicity of sediment samples collected from the Santa Ana National Wildlife Refuge, Texas

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — The objective of this study was to evaluate the toxicity of sediments collected from the Santa Ana National Wildlife Refuge, Hidalgo Co in southern Texas, USA. A...

  9. Contract Audit Followup: Defense Contract Management Agency Santa Ana Office's Actions on Incurred Cost Audits

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    2005-01-01

    This report addresses the DCMA Santa Ana District Office. DoD Directive 7640.2, "Policy for Follow-up on Contract Audit Reports," February 12, 1988, as amended August 16, 1995, implements OMB Circular A-50...

  10. Lower Rio Grande Valley and Santa Ana National Wildlife Refuges : Final Interim Comprehensive Management Plan

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This CCP outlines a 15-year plan for the management of Lower Rio Grande Valley and Santa Ana NWRs. The general topics addressed in this plan include: wildlife...

  11. The Trail Inventory of Santa Ana National Wildlife Refuge [Cycle 1

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — The purpose of this report is to create a baseline inventory of all non-motorized trails on Santa Ana National Wildlife Refuge. Trails in this inventory are eligible...

  12. Forecast skill of synoptic conditions associated with Santa Ana winds in Southern California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Charles Jones; Francis Fujioka; Leila M.V. Carvalho

    2010-01-01

    Santa Ana winds (SAW) are synoptically driven mesoscale winds observed in Southern California usually during late fall and winter. Because of the complex topography of the region, SAW episodes can sometimes be extremely intense and pose significant environmental hazards, especially during wildfire incidents. A simple set of criteria was used to identify synoptic-scale...

  13. Suspended-sediment rating curve response to urbanization and wildfire, Santa Ana River, California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Warrick, J.A.; Rubin, D.M.

    2007-01-01

    River suspended-sediment concentrations provide insights to the erosion and transport of materials from a landscape, and changes in concentrations with time may result from landscape processes or human disturbance. Here we show that suspended-sediment concentrations in the Santa Ana River, California, decreased 20-fold with respect to discharge during a 34-year period (1968−2001). These decreases cannot be attributed to changes in sampling technique or timing, nor to event or seasonal hysteresis. Annual peak and total discharge, however, reveal sixfold increases over the 34-year record, which largely explain the decreases in sediment concentration by a nonlinear dilution process. The hydrological changes were related to the widespread urbanization of the watershed, which resulted in increases in storm water discharge without detectable alteration of sediment discharge, thus reducing suspended-sediment concentrations. Periodic upland wildfire significantly increased water discharge, sediment discharge, and suspended-sediment concentrations and thus further altered the rating curve with time. Our results suggest that previous inventories of southern California sediment flux, which assume time-constant rating curves and extend these curves beyond the sampling history, may have substantially overestimated loads during the most recent decades.

  14. Parent and conjugated estrogens and progestagens in surface water of the Santa Ana River: Determination, occurrence, and risk assessment

    Science.gov (United States)

    This study presents a sensitive analytical method using high performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry for the simultaneous monitoring of five estrogen conjugates, six estrogens and two progestagens in surface water of the Santa Ana River. Samples at ten representative sites along t...

  15. Analysis of the effects of combustion emissions and Santa Ana winds on ambient ozone during the October 2007 southern California wildfires

    Science.gov (United States)

    A. Bytnerowicz; D. Cayan; P. Riggan; S. Schilling; P. Dawson; M. Tyree; L. Wolden; R. Tissell; H. Preisler

    2010-01-01

    Combustion emissions and strong Santa Ana winds had pronounced effects on patterns and levels of ambient ozone (O3) in southern California during the extensive wildland fires of October 2007. These changes are described in detail for a rural receptor site, the Santa Margarita Ecological Reserve, located among large fires in San Diego and Orange counties. In addition,...

  16. Santa Ana River Design Memorandum Number 1. Phase 2. GDM on the Santa Ana River Mainstem Including Santiago Creek. Volume 1. Seven Oaks Dam. Appendix A

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-08-01

    o-c 10 0- a 50 MINA 1.0r$FSIGMA W. 2.0% P~T MC. W- .2.0% OPT I 0010. .0030 10 20.0 300 AXIAL STRAIIN (PERCENT) AXIAL STRAIN (PERCENT) SETY PAYS...2.69II project Upper Sanita Ana River rarnrks Remolded to 95% Anea Impervious Borrow Div. No. 96586 - 96587 Darins No. TH-85-4 jale No. Comp A Depth

  17. Caracterización de la Violencia Intrafamiliar en mujeres del municipio Santa Ana. Beni Bolivia Junio-Diciembre 2010.

    OpenAIRE

    Yacquelynes Corona-Hechavarria; Caridad Mastrapa-Reyes; Liliana Rogaciana Leyva-Ruiz; Zoila Caridad Reyes-Herrera

    2013-01-01

    Abordó una investigación descriptiva en municipio Santa Ana, Beni en Bolivia para determinar el comportamiento de las mujeres que sufren violencia intrafamiliar en el 2010. Los datos se obtuvieron mediante la revisión de las fichas familiares e individuales, se realizaron encuestas directas a las mujeres que sufrían violencia intrafamiliar. Se concluyo que el grupo de edad más afectado fue el de 25-34, con nivel de escolaridad secundaria, predominaron las amas de casa, se encontraron paciente...

  18. An assessment of optical properties of dissolved organic material as quantitative source indicators in the Santa Ana River basin, Southern California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bergamaschi, Brian A.; Kalve, Erica; Guenther, Larry; Mendez, Gregory O.; Belitz, Kenneth

    2005-01-01

    The ability to rapidly, reliably, and inexpensively characterize sources of dissolved organic material (DOM) in watersheds would allow water management agencies to more quickly identify problems in water sources, and to more efficiently allocate water resources by, for example, permitting real-time identification of high-quality water suitable for ground-water recharge, or poor-quality water in need of mitigation. This study examined the feasibility of using easily measurable intrinsic optical properties' absorbance and fluorescence spectra, as quantitative indicators of DOM sources and, thus, a predictor of water quality. The study focused on the Santa Ana River Basin, in southern California, USA, which comprises an area of dense urban development and an area of intense dairy production. Base flow in the Santa Ana Basin is primarily tertiary treated wastewater discharge. Available hydrologic data indicate that urban and agricultural runoff degrades water quality during storm events by introducing pathogens, nutrients, and other contaminants, including significant amounts of DOM. These conditions provide the basis for evaluating the use of DOM optical properties as a tracer of DOM from different sources. Sample spectra representing four principal DOM sources were identified among all samples collected in 1999 on the basis of basin hydrology, and the distribution of spectral variability within all the sample data. A linear mixing model provided quantitative estimates of relative endmember contribution to sample spectra for monthly, storm, and diurnal samples. The spectral properties of the four sources (endmembers), Pristine Water, Wastewater, Urban Water, and Dairy Water, accounted for 94 percent of the variability in optical properties observed in the study, suggesting that all important DOM sources were represented. The scale and distribution of the residual spectra, that not explained by the endmembers, suggested that the endmember spectra selected did not

  19. Santa Ana River Design Memorandum Number 1. Phase 2. GDM on the Santa Ana River Mainstem, Including Santiago Creek. Volume 7. Hydrology

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-08-01

    Santa Ysabel Creek near Mesa Grande ................... 53.9 21,100 .... ..... mGS wSp 426 San Luis Rey River at Oceanside ....................... 557...95,600 .... do ..... usS wSp 426 5 San Luis Rey River at Bonsall ......................... 512 128,OO 23 Feb 1691 (US G p 𔃾.7 s 6 San Luis Rey River...San Gabriel River at Camp Rincon ..... 102 i.,o .. ..... ,SGS C.af. i1 63 L 3 Devil’s Canyon above Cogswell Dam..................... . .. 3 -U0 .... do

  20. Effects of Wastewater Discharges on Endocrine and Reproductive Function of Western Mosquitofish (Gambusia spp.) and Implications for the Threatened Santa Ana Sucker (Catostomus santaanae)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jenkins, Jill A.; Goodbred, Steven L.; Olivier, Heather M.; Draugelis-Dale, Rassa O.; Alvarez, David A.

    2009-01-01

    The Santa Ana River (SAR) in southern California is impacted by effluents from wastewater treatment plants (WWTP), which are sources of organic wastewater compounds (OWCs) and urban runoff. The Santa Ana River is one of only three river basins supporting native populations of the federally listed Santa Ana sucker (Catostomus santaanae) at the time the fish was included on the list 2000. In 2004 and 2005, a U.S. Geological Survey and U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service study was undertaken to determine if the threatened Santa Ana sucker was potentially exposed to OWCs and endocrine disrupting compounds (EDCs) in the SAR by using the western mosquitofish (Gambusia affinis) as a surrogate fish model. Four Santa Ana River sites were chosen along a gradient of proximity to WWTP effluents: (1) a point source of tertiary treated wastewater effluent (TTWE), (2) Rialto Drain (just below a WWTP), (3) Prado Dam (11 kilometers [km] below WWTPs), and (4) Sunnyslope Creek (no WWTP but having urban runoff influence). A reference site having no WWTPs or urban runoff, Thousand Palms, was also sampled. Chemical analyses of passive sampler extracts results showed that 15 OWCs and EDCs were detected in water from the Santa Ana River sites. Many of these compounds contributed to activity from an estrogenic in-vitro assay that showed a significant potential for impacting endocrine and reproductive systems compared to the 25 organochlorine compounds detected in aquatic biota. The site showing compounds having highest influence on sex steroid hormone activities was the point source for TTWE. Sex steroid hormone levels, secondary sex characteristics, organosomatic indices, and sperm quality parameters indicated impairment of endocrine and reproductive function of male western mosquitofish in the Santa Ana River. Exposure to EDCs and consequent impairment in mosquitofish followed the gradient of proximity to WWTP effluents, where the most significant effects were found at TTWE point source and

  1. Initial Analysis of Inner Crater Eruptive Deposits and Modeling of the 2005 Eruption of Ilamatepec (Santa Ana) Volcano, El Salvador

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martinez-Hackert, B.; Bajo, J. V.; Escobar, D.; Gutierrez, E.

    2011-12-01

    The October 1st, 2005 eruption of Ilamatepec Volcano, also known as Santa Ana Volcano in El Salvador, Central America, was a relatively small phreatic possibly phreatomagmatic eruption that generated an approximately 10km high ash column, with a volume of 1.5 million cubic meters. It generated small pyroclastic density currents, and shortly after the eruption a hot lahar. All of these volcanic products present grat danger to the surrounding population and the surrounding fertile lands growing coffe and sugar cane, the major export products. To better understand the eruptive behavior of this active composite volcano, older deposits need to be studied. An initial analysis of the inner crater eruptive deposits was undertaken in 2011. The many layers that can be seen within the crater suggest that Santa Ana volcano alternates its eruptions from phreatic to phreatomagmatic to magmatic, back to phreatomagmatic to phreatic with a period of rest in between. The last magmatic eruption of the Santa Ana Volcano took place in 1904. There are some historical records of it, and the scoracious materials and lava flows can still be well traced on the flanks and the crater of Ilamatepec, while the 2005 eruption has been eroded away in most areas of the flanks. Observations and data collected in 2005 and 2011 indicate that pyroclastic density currents went not only to the Southeastern flanks of the volcano, but also towards the Northwestern flanks, an area behind the highest rim of the volcano. Deposits up to 0.5 m were found in 2011, after significant erosion already had taken place. We present here the partial stratigraphic column taken within the inner crater walls that indicate alternating eruption styles from eruptions well pre-1904, with radiocarbon dating pending. Additionally, we show the results of the modeling of pyroclastic deposits, and lahars using Titan2D on DEMs extracted from the only topographic map (pre-1980) which has a 10 m resolution of the volcano, and a DEM

  2. Efecto de los vientos Santa Ana en las propiedades bio-ópticas frente a Baja California

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available A partir de las propiedades bio-ópticas, los coeficientes de absorción por partículas, detritos y fitoplancton (ap, adT, aφ se evaluó el efecto de los vientos Santa Ana en el océano frente a Baja California ocurridos durante octubre de 1999. Los vientos medidos en la estación meteorológica frente a la Bahía de Todos Santos y los determinados a partir de información de satélite indicaron tres eventos Santa Ana, caracterizados por baja humedad relativa, alta temperatura del aire y vientos con dirección predominante del este-noreste. Los valores del coeficiente de absorción de detritos (adT fueron hasta diez veces mayores en las muestras superficiales de octubre, con relación a las de enero, abril y agosto de 1999. Los altos valores de adT se debieron al material inorgánico aero-transportado por los vientos tierra-mar ocurridos del 9 al 11 y del 17 al 20 de octubre. Los coeficientes de absorción de las particulas (ap y el fitoplancton (aφ en la zona eufótica fueron mayores en abril, como resultado de la abundancia del fitoplancton. Los valores de ap, aφ y Kd para la zona eufótica fueron ajustados a una función de potencia con la clorofila como variable independiente, con una variancia explicada de 37%, 72% y 16%, respectivamente. Cuando se excluyeron del ajuste los valores de adT medidos en la superficie durante octubre, la clorofila explicó 82% de la variabilidad en los coeficientes de absorción (ap y aφ y 87% en Kd. A partir de la ecuación que relaciona la reflectancia de la radiancia espectral ascendente (Rrs con la clorofila, se determinó que ~80% de la variabilidad en la clorofila superficial es explicada por la razón de reflectancia Rrs(443/Rrs(555 medida en la zona de estudio. Las estimaciones regionales de clorofila a partir de información bioóptica obtenida en la columna de agua no fueron afectadas fuertemente por el polvo aero-transportado durante los vientos Santa Ana ocurridos en octubre de 1999.

  3. Temporal Controls on Uplift and Slip Rates for the Puente Hills and Santa Ana Mountains, Southern Los Angeles Basin, Orange County, California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gath, E. M.; Grant, L. B.; Owen, L. A.

    2006-12-01

    The Puente Hills (PH) are seismically active and tectonically uplifted by the Puente Hills Blind Thrust fault (PHBTF). The rate of uplift, and consequently, the late Quaternary slip rate of the eastern part of the PHBTF, herein named the Santa Ana segment, can be constrained by mapping and dating Quaternary stream terraces and strath surfaces in the Santa Ana River Canyon. The PH are cut by the 2-3 mm/yr right-lateral Whittier fault, itself capable of M6.7-7.2 earthquakes. The 7 mapped terraces and strath surfaces of the PH are cut by the Whittier fault with minimal vertical separation. OSL dating, soil age estimates, and correlation with sea level highstands constrains the PH uplift rate to 0.6-1.4 mm/yr based on OSL dates, and 0.2-0.8 mm/yr from other methods. The rates overlap in the range 0.6-0.8 mm/yr, and we propose that this is the most reliable estimate of uplift rate because it is based on several methods. An uplift rate of 0.6-0.8 mm/yr for the PH is also consistent with a 500 700 ka emergent age based on our geomorphic analysis of PH drainage basin development. Using a 30° dip angle produces a slip rate on the Santa Ana segment of the PHBTF of 1.2-1.6 mm/yr. Preliminary tectonic geomorphic analysis of the Santa Ana Mountains (SAM) suggests that they too are being uplifted and are probably seismically active. Shorelines preserved on the lower foothills of Peralta and Loma Ridges were correlated to eustatic sea levels for age estimations. Mapping and dating of terraces in the Santiago Creek drainage, and the older marine terraces indicates that the SAM are uplifting at 0.2-0.7 mm/yr, probably due to a blind thrust associated with partial termination of the Elsinore fault.

  4. Trends in nutrient concentrations, loads, and yields in streams in the Sacramento, San Joaquin, and Santa Ana Basins, California, 1975-2004

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kratzer, Charles R.; Kent, Robert; Seleh, Dina K.; Knifong, Donna L.; Dileanis, Peter D.; Orlando, James L.

    2011-01-01

    A comprehensive database was assembled for the Sacramento, San Joaquin, and Santa Ana Basins in California on nutrient concentrations, flows, and point and nonpoint sources of nutrients for 1975-2004. Most of the data on nutrient concentrations (nitrate, ammonia, total nitrogen, orthophosphate, and total phosphorus) were from the U.S. Geological Survey's National Water Information System database (35.2 percent), the California Department of Water Resources (21.9 percent), the University of California at Davis (21.6 percent), and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's STOrage and RETrieval database (20.0 percent). Point-source discharges accounted for less than 1 percent of river flows in the Sacramento and San Joaquin Rivers, but accounted for close to 80 percent of the nonstorm flow in the Santa Ana River. Point sources accounted for 4 and 7 percent of the total nitrogen and total phosphorus loads, respectively, in the Sacramento River at Freeport for 1985-2004. Point sources accounted for 8 and 17 percent of the total nitrogen and total phosphorus loads, respectively, in the San Joaquin River near Vernalis for 1985-2004. The volume of wastewater discharged into the Santa Ana River increased almost three-fold over the study period. However, due to improvements in wastewater treatment, the total nitrogen load to the Santa Ana River from point sources in 2004 was approximately the same as in 1975 and the total phosphorus load in 2004 was less than in 1975. Nonpoint sources of nutrients estimated in this study included atmospheric deposition, fertilizer application, manure production, and tile drainage. The estimated dry deposition of nitrogen exceeded wet deposition in the Sacramento and San Joaquin Valleys and in the basin area of the Santa Ana Basin, with ratios of dry to wet deposition of 1.7, 2.8, and 9.8, respectively. Fertilizer application increased appreciably from 1987 to 2004 in all three California basins, although manure production increased in the

  5. El carnaval del río: guardado en lo puro de sus raíces carnaval de santa ana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Enrique Royero

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Cuando es tiempo de carnestolendas, momento de trasgresión, el ser comienza a reproducir el inventario de creatividad en sus raíces. El carn2val de Santa Ana, como una festividad legada en el proceso de aculturación ytransculturación mediante el tamiz adelantado por la Iglesia Católica durante la conquista y el coloniaje realizado por España, dejó las raíces de este festíncapaz de producir el frondoso árbol que hoy se conoce como Carnaval del Río.

  6. Unearthing The Eruptive Personality Of El Salvador's Santa Ana (Ilamatepec) Volcano Though In-depth Stratigraphic Analysis Of Pre-1904 Deposits

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gallant, E.; Martinez-Hackert, B.

    2011-12-01

    The Santa Ana (Ilamatepec) volcano (2384 m) in densely populated El Salvador Central America presents serious volcanic hazard potential. The volcano is a prevalent part of every day life in El Salvador; the sugarcane and coffee belt of the country are to its Southern and Western flanks, recreational areas lies to its East, and second and third largest cities of El Salvador exist within its 25 km radius. Understanding the eruptive characteristics and history is imperative due to the volcano's relative size (the highest in the country) and it's explosive, composite nature. Historical records indicate at least 9 potential VEI 3 eruptions since 1521 AD. The volcano's relative inaccessibility and potential hazards do not promote a vast reservoir of research activity, as can be seen in the scarcity of published papers on topics prior to the 1904 eruption. This research represents the first steps towards creating a comprehensive stratigraphic record of the crater and characterizing its eruptive history, with an eventual goal of recreating the volcanic structure prior to its collapse. Samples of pre-1904 eruptive material were taken from the southern wall of an E-W oriented fluvial gully located within the SSW of the tertiary crater. These were analyzed using thin sections and optical microscopy, grain size distribution techniques, and scanning electron microscopy. The 15-layer sequence indicates an explosive history characterized by intense phreatomagmatic phases, plinian, sub-plinian and basaltic/andesitic composition strombolian activity. Another poster within the session will discuss an older sequence within the walls of the secondary crater. Further detailed studies will be required to gain a better understanding of the characteristics of Santa Ana Volcano.

  7. Evidences of volcanic unrest on high-temperature fumaroles by satellite thermal monitoring: The case of Santa Ana volcano, El Salvador

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laiolo, M.; Coppola, D.; Barahona, F.; Benítez, J. E.; Cigolini, C.; Escobar, D.; Funes, R.; Gutierrez, E.; Henriquez, B.; Hernandez, A.; Montalvo, F.; Olmos, R.; Ripepe, M.; Finizola, A.

    2017-06-01

    On October 1st, 2005, Santa Ana volcano (El Salvador) underwent a VEI 3 phreatomagmatic eruption after approximately one century of rest. Casualties and damages to some of the local infrastructures and surrounding plantations were followed by the evacuation of the nearby communities. The analysis of MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) infrared data reveals that the main explosion was preceded by a one-year-long thermal unrest, associated to the development of a fumaroles field, located at the western rim of the summit crater lake. By combining space-based thermal flux and ground-based measurements (seismicity, sulfur emissions and lake temperatures), we suggest that the activity observed at Santa Ana between 2004 and 2005 was driven by the gradual intrusion of an undegassed magma body at a very shallow depth. Magma injection induced thermal anomalies associated with sustained degassing from the fumaroles field and promoted the interaction between the magmatic-hydrothermal system and the overlying water table. This process culminated into the VEI 3 phreatomagmatic eruption of October 2005 that strongly modified the shallow structure of the crater area. The subsequent three-years-long activity resulted from self-sealing of the fracture system and by the opening of a new fracture network directly connecting the deeper hydrothermal system with the crater lake. Our results show that satellite-based thermal data allow us to detect the expansion of the high-temperature fumarolic field. This may precede an explosive eruption and/or a lava dome extrusion. In particular, we show that thermal records can be analyzed with other geochemical (i.e. SO2 emissions) and geophysical (seismicity) data to track a shallow magmatic intrusion interacting with the surrounding hydrothermal system. This provides a remarkable support for volcano monitoring and eruption forecasting, particularly in remote areas where permanent ground data acquisition is hazardous, expensive

  8. Ground-Water Quality Data in the Upper Santa Ana Watershed Study Unit, November 2006-March 2007: Results from the California GAMA Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kent, Robert; Belitz, Kenneth

    2009-01-01

    Ground-water quality in the approximately 1,000-square-mile Upper Santa Ana Watershed study unit (USAW) was investigated from November 2006 through March 2007 as part of the Priority Basin Project of the Groundwater Ambient Monitoring and Assessment (GAMA) Program. The GAMA Priority Basin project was developed in response to the Groundwater Quality Monitoring Act of 2001, and is being conducted by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) in cooperation with the California State Water Resources Control Board (SWRCB). The Upper Santa Ana Watershed study was designed to provide a spatially unbiased assessment of raw ground-water quality within USAW, as well as a statistically consistent basis for comparing water quality throughout California. Samples were collected from 99 wells in Riverside and San Bernardino Counties. Ninety of the wells were selected using a spatially distributed, randomized grid-based method to provide statistical representation of the study unit (grid wells). Nine wells were selected to provide additional understanding of specific water-quality issues identified within the basin (understanding wells). The ground-water samples were analyzed for a large number of organic constituents (volatile organic compounds [VOCs], pesticides and pesticide degradates, pharmaceutical compounds, and potential wastewater-indicator compounds), constituents of special interest (perchlorate, N-nitrosodimethylamine [NDMA], 1,4-dioxane, and 1,2,3-trichloropropane [1,2,3-TCP]), naturally occurring inorganic constituents (nutrients, major and minor ions, and trace elements), radioactive constituents, and microbial indicators. Naturally occurring isotopes (tritium, carbon-14, and stable isotopes of hydrogen and oxygen in water) and dissolved noble gases also were measured to help identify sources and ages of the sampled ground water. Dissolved gases, and isotopes of nitrogen gas and of dissolved nitrate also were measured in order to investigate the sources and occurrence of

  9. “Experiencia de la escuela normal superior santa Ana de Baranoa en el diseño e implementacion de un sistema de Gestión Ambiental”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ibón Silvera Rada (Página 37-54

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available El  proyecto de investigación “Diseño e implementación de un Sistema de Gestión Ambiental en la Escuela Normal Superior Santa Ana y el barrio Santa Ana del municipio de Baranoa, que fomente la participación de la comunidad educativa en el manejo adecuado de los residuos sólidos” ; se viene realizando desde el año 2006 y actualmente se encuentra vigente.A través de éste proyecto se buscó diseñar e implementar un Sistema de Gestión Ambiental en la Escuela y el barrio, que fomentara la participación de la comunidad educativa y de los habitantes del barrio, con el propósito de plantear alternativas de solución  en torno a la problemática en común de las dos zonas de estudio residuos sólidos

  10. Investigación y análisis del clima organizacional y la motivación de los empleados en la Clínica Santa Ana en el año 2013

    OpenAIRE

    Crespo Córdova, Abraham Boanerges

    2014-01-01

    El propósito de la presente investigación es identificar la relación entre el clima organizacional y la motivación de los empleados en la Clínica Santa Ana de la Ciudad de Cuenca en el año 2013. El tipo de investigación es descriptivo-correlacional. La orientación teórica se orientó al conocimiento del modelo de Clima Organizacional de seis dimensiones de Litwin y Stringer y la teoría de las tres necesidades de McClelland. El coeficiente de confiabilidad se calculó para los cuestionarios ...

  11. WRF simulation of downslope wind events in coastal Santa Barbara County

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cannon, Forest; Carvalho, Leila M. V.; Jones, Charles; Hall, Todd; Gomberg, David; Dumas, John; Jackson, Mark

    2017-07-01

    The National Weather Service (NWS) considers frequent gusty downslope winds, accompanied by rapid warming and decreased relative humidity, among the most significant weather events affecting southern California coastal areas in the vicinity of Santa Barbara (SB). These extreme conditions, commonly known as ;sundowners;, have affected the evolution of all major wildfires that impacted SB in recent years. Sundowners greatly increase fire, aviation and maritime navigation hazards and are thus a priority for regional forecasting. Currently, the NWS employs the Weather Research Forecasting (WRF) model at 2 km resolution to complement forecasts at regional-to-local scales. However, no systematic study has been performed to evaluate the skill of WRF in simulating sundowners. This research presents a case study of an 11-day period in spring 2004 during which sundowner events were observed on multiple nights. We perform sensitivity experiments for WRF using available observations for validation and demonstrate that WRF is skillful in representing the general mesoscale structure of these events, though important shortcomings exist. Furthermore, we discuss the generation and evolution of sundowners during the case study using the best performing configuration, and compare these results to hindcasts for two major SB fires. Unique, but similar, profiles of wind and stability are observed over SB between case studies despite considerable differences in large-scale circulation, indicating that common conditions may exist across all events. These findings aid in understanding the evolution of sundowner events and are potentially valuable for event prediction.

  12. Pronóstico De Mesoescala De Un Evento De Noviembre De 2008 En Santa Catarina Mesoscale forescasting of an event of novenber 2008 in Santa Catharina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lia Martins Costa do Amaral

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available La gran disponibilidad de vapor de agua en los niveles inferiores de la atmósfera, advectada sobre la costa de la provincia de Santa Catarina por el anticiclón semiestacionario del Océano Atlántico, favoreció períodos frecuentes de lluvia durante el mes de noviembre de 2008. La exploración del evento extremo ocurrido en Santa Catarina, que se caracterizó por un intenso bloqueo en niveles altos, se realizó con pronósticos de los modelos del mesoescala MM5 y WRF. Estos modelos fueron procesados con muy alta resolución espacial, abarcando toda la región afectada por el evento severo. La temperatura de la superficie del mar presentaba anomalías positivas de temperatura a lo largo de la costa de Santa Catarina, favoreciendo la transferencia de calor latente hacia la atmósfera, con su posterior advección hacia la zona continental. Los resultados obtenidos con los modelos son consistentes con las observaciones, aunque fuertemente dependientes de la resolución horizontal de los mismos.The large availability of water vapor at low levels of the atmosphere, advected into the coastal region of Santa Catharina State by the Atlantic Ocean semi-stationary anticyclone, provided the frequent and copious rainfall during the November, 2008. One of the most extreme event occurred in Santa Catharina coastal zone, when a quite strong blocking formed at high levels of the atmosphere is explored processing both, the MM5 and WRF mesoscale models. These models were processed with very high spatial resolution domains, covering the entire region affected by the severe event. The sea surface temperature field revealed that there was a large core on Atlantic waters with quite high temperatures along the coast of Santa Catharina, which enhanced the vertical integrated latent heat supply into the continental region by the winds. The models forecasting results showed consistent results with the observations, as well as an indication that coherences are directly

  13. Análisis del confort y el comportamiento higrotérmico de sistemas constructivos tradicionales y actuales en viviendas de Santa Ana-Ciudad Colón (Costa Rica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo, B. G.

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available This research was carried out in Santa Ana- Ciudad Colón (Costa Rica. The aim of this study is to compare comfort between traditional (adobe houses with ceramic tile roofs and modern (block or precast concrete houses with galvanized sheet roofs building systems. To analyze comfort it was designed an experiment measuring real climatic parameters in a set of houses of different building systems. Data was analysed using ISO 7730 and ASHRAE Standard 55 rules, considering variables such as the predicted mean vote (PMV, predicted percentage dissatisfied (PPD and the thermal sensation of the body for different scenarios of humidity, temperature, wind, user activity and shelter. Results show that comfort increases when the house has thick exterior walls under studied climate conditions that ensure thermal inertia and insulated roof covers to avoid over-abstraction of heat. Traditional homes present comfortable conditions in at least 97% of the recorded time while current houses present comfortable conditions

    El objetivo de la investigación es comparar el confort de viviendas tradicionales de Santa Ana-Ciudad Colón (Costa Rica, construidas en adobe con cubierta cerámica, frente a los sistemas constructivos actualmente empleados. Para analizar el confort se diseñó un experimento de medición real de parámetros climáticos en una muestra de viviendas de distintos sistemas constructivos. Los datos se interpretaron según la norma ISO 7730 y la norma 55 de ASHRAE considerando las variables de Voto Medio Estimado (PMV, Porcentaje de Personas Insatisfechas (PPD y la sensación térmica del cuerpo para distintos escenarios de humedad, temperatura, movimiento del aire, actividad física y abrigo del usuario. Los resultados muestran que, en este clima, el confort térmico aumenta en viviendas con muros exteriores pesados y cubiertas aisladas que eviten la captación excesiva de calor. Las viviendas tradicionales presentan más del 97% de los datos

  14. Map Showing Seacliff Response to Climatic and Seismic Events, Seabright Beach, Santa Cruz County, California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hapke, Cheryl J.; Richmond, Bruce M.; D'Iorio, Mimi M.

    2002-01-01

    Introduction The coastal cliffs along much of the central California coast are actively retreating. Large storms and periodic earthquakes are responsible for most of the documented sea cliff slope failures. Long-term average erosion rates calculated for this section of coast do not provide the spatial or temporal data resolution necessary to identify the processes responsible for retreat of the sea cliffs where episodic retreat threatens homes and community infrastructure. Research suggests that more erosion occurs along the California coast over a short time scale, during periods of severe storms or seismic activity, than occurs during decades of normal weather or seismic quiescence. This is the third map in a series of maps prepared to document the processes of short-term sea cliff retreat through the identification of slope failure styles, spatial variability of failures, and temporal variation in retreat amounts in an area that has been identified as an erosion hotspot. This map presents sea cliff failure and retreat data from the Seabright Beach section, California, which is located on the east side of Santa Cruz along the northern Monterey Bay coast. The data presented in this map series provide high-resolution spatial and temporal information on the location, amount, and processes of sea cliff retreat in Santa Cruz, California. These data show the response of the sea cliffs to both large magnitude earthquakes and severe climatic events such as El Ni?os; this information may prove useful in predicting the future response of the cliffs to events of similar magnitude. The map data can also be incorporated into Global Information System (GIS) for use by researchers and community planners. During this study we developed a method for investigating short-term processes of sea cliff evolution using rectified photographic stereo models. This method allows us to document the linear extent of cliff failures, the spatial and temporal relationship between failures, and

  15. Terapias utilizadas no Hospital Colônia Sant'Ana: berço da psiquiatria catarinense (1941-1960 Terapias utilizadas en el Hospital Colônia Sant'Ana: la origen de la psiquiatria catarinenese (1941-1960 Therapies used in Hospital Colônia Sant'Ana: the cradle of psychiatry in Santa Catarina State, Brazil (1941-1960

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miriam Süsskind Borenstein

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Trata-se de uma pesquisa qualitativa de natureza sócio-histórica cujo objetivo foi historicizar o tratamento prestado aos pacientes psiquiátricos internados no antigo Hospital Colônia Santa'Ana (HCS, no período de 1941 a 1960. Para a coleta de dados foram realizadas entrevistas semi-estruturadas com cinco funcionários que trabalharam no Hospital no período, utilizando-se o Método de História Oral (HO. Após a análise das entrevistas utilizando-se da análise de conteúdo de Bardin, chegou-se aos seguintes resultados: os doentes psiquiátricos internados faziam uso de algumas terapias como: eletrochoque, insulinoterapia, cardiazol, psicofármacos, praxiterapia e assistência heterofamiliar. Embora muitas destas terapias atualmente estejam em desuso, e sejam criticadas por diversos segmentos sociais, estavam na época, em consonância ao preconizado pela psiquiatria mundial.El presente artículo es producto de una investigación cualitativa de naturaleza socio-histórica, cuyo objetivo fue el de historiar el tratamiento dado a los pacientes psiquiátricos internados en el antiguo Hospital Colônia Santa'Ana (HCS, en el período de 1941 a 1960. Para la recolección de los datos fueron realizadas entrevistas parcialmente elaboradas con cinco empleados que trabajaron en el Hospital en el período citado, utilizándose para ello el Método de Historia Oral (HO. Después del análisis de las entrevistas, para el cual se utilizó el análisis de contenido de Bardin, se llegó a los siguientes resultados: en los enfermos psiquiátricos internados se empleaban algunas terapias como: electroshock, insulinoterapia, cardiazol, psicofármacos, laborterapia y asistencia heterofamiliar. Aunque actualmente muchas de estas terapias se encuentran en desuso y son criticadas por diversos segmentos sociales, en la época estaban de acuerdo a lo recomendado por la psiquiatría mundial.This article is a qualitative research with socio-historical approach

  16. Ana Mendieta

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Íñigo Clavo

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available El siguiente texto hace un recorrido sobre algunos asuntos tratados en la producción artística de Ana Mendieta a través de una única obra: La performance Body Prints. En contraposición con la limpieza minimalista y en contraposición también con la opaca y compleja retícula gestual de Pollock, Mendieta presenta su cuerpo desnudo impregnado de sangre. Tendida en el suelo es cubierta primero con una sábana blanca y luego con una negra hasta dejar su huella en ambas. Las dos sábanas manchadas de sangre nos remiten a la figura del sudario, elemento que Mendieta usó en varios trabajos durante los primeros setenta.The following text looks at some of Ana Mendietas' subject matters through her piece: The Body Prints. Mendieta presents her naked body ipregnated of blood in contrast to the minimal cleannes, and also in contrast to Pollocks opaque and complex gestures network. On the floor she is first covered with a white sheet and then with a black one until a trace of her figure is imprinted on the sheets. The two sheets remaind us the shrough figure, an element that Mendieta used in several pieces during the seventies. Analyzing this performance we recognize themes such as violence, birth and female identity claimed by the feminist theory of diference.

  17. ANA (Antinuclear Antibody Test)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Testing Leptin Levetiracetam Lipase Lipid Profile Lipoprotein (a) Lithium Liver Panel Lp-PLA2 Lupus Anticoagulant Testing Luteinizing ... Scleroderma Elsewhere On The Web Lupus Foundation of America American College of Rheumatology: Antinuclear Antibodies (ANA) American ...

  18. 77 FR 14058 - Santa Teresa Southern Railroad, LLC-Operation Exemption-Rail Line of Verde Logistics Railroad...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-08

    ... Logistics Railroad, LLC at Santa Teresa, Dona Ana County, NM Santa Teresa Southern Railroad, LLC (STSR), a... feet of rail line owned by Verde Logistics Railroad, LLC (Verde). The rail line extends between a point... to shippers and receivers located in the Santa Teresa Logistics Industrial Park. \\1\\ STSR states that...

  19. Santa Ana River Design Memorandum Number 1. Phase 2 GDM on the Santa Ana River Mainstem Including Santiago Creek. Volume 3. Lower Santa Ana River. Appendixes

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-08-01

    Filter fabric will have an equivalent opening size (EOS) of 70 and should be nonwoven to prevent tearing. A 15 percent increase in slope area should...rights and remedies of the Government provided in this Article shall not be exclusive and are in addition to any other rights and remedies provided by

  20. Complejo parroquial de Santa Ana, en Moratalaz, Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fisac, Miguel

    1967-06-01

    Full Text Available This church is sited at Moratalaz, a modern district of low rent houses in Madrid, and the architect has attempted to represent in the design the liturgical concepts developed in the Vatican II Council. These precise ideas have been expressed in the architecture by means of highly plastic symbols. In addition, the planform is very functional and the reinforced and prestressed concrete have been almost the only material used: so that the construction medium is also in accord with the modern nature of the design. The shapes, the space arrangement and everything which might seem a capricious creation of the artist in fact are the result of a detailed analysis of function and reason.Este complejo parroquial se ha levantado en Moratalaz, que es un barrio popular de la capital de España, procurando imprimir y recoger todas las premisas litúrgicas marcadas por el Concilio Vaticano II. El arquitecto ha plasmado sus precisas ideas en un edificio de gran expresividad plástica y de planta orgánica y eficaz, utilizando, casi exclusivamente, un material de nuestro tiempo: hormigón armado y pretensado. Las formas, la disposición de espacios y todo cuanto puede parecer caprichosa creación del artista, no son, en realidad, sino resultado de un cuidadoso estudio de funcionalismo racional y utilitario.

  1. You're a "What"? Santa Claus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Royster, Sara

    2013-01-01

    Professional Santas entertain children and adults during the holiday season at all types of events. They work at shopping malls or stores; entertain crowds at parades and tree lightings; and make appearances at holiday parties, charity events, and people's homes. Most Santas work during the Christmas holiday season, which usually lasts from late…

  2. Santa Muerte

    OpenAIRE

    Fraser, A; The Photographers' Gallery; Trolley Books; Bar-Tur Foundation; Arts Council England

    2015-01-01

    The origins of Santa Muerte - a religion/cult that has been denounced as satanic by the Mexican Catholic Church - can be dated back hundreds of years. It was developed through a syncretism between indigenous Mesoamerican and Spanish Catholic beliefs and practices. Only in the last decade however has it become more predominant in Mexican society, where many commentators have noted its rise with the killing and violence associated with the war between rival drug cartels and the Mexican Governme...

  3. Santa and the moon

    CERN Document Server

    Barthel, Peter

    2011-01-01

    Happy end-of-the-year evening and night events provide good opportunities to explain the phases of the moon. The need for such moon phase education is once again demonstrated, through an investigation of illustrations on Santa Claus and Christmas gift wrap and in children's books, in two countries which have been important in shaping the image of Santa Claus and his predecessor Sinterklaas: The Netherlands and the USA. The moon on Halloween illustrations is also considered. The lack of knowledge concerning the physical origin of the moon phases, or lack of interest in understanding, is found to be widespread in The Netherlands but is also clearly present in the USA, and is quite possibly global. Definitely incomplete, but surely representative lists compiling both scientifically correct and scientifically incorrect gift wrap and children's books are also presented.

  4. Purification and Characterization of Anacardium occidentale (Cashew) Allergens Ana o 1, Ana o 2, and Ana o 3

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Reitsma, Marit; Bastiaan-Net, Shanna; Sforza, Stefano; Valk, Van Der J.P.M.; Gerth Van Wijk, Van Roy; Savelkoul, H.F.J.; Jong, De N.W.; Wichers, H.J.

    2016-01-01

    In this study a fast and simple purification procedure for the three known allergens from cashew (7S globulin Ana o 1, 11S globulin Ana o 2, and 2S albumin Ana o 3) is described. The purified allergens are characterized by sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE),

  5. The "Clarice" by Ana Miranda

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juliane Cardozo de Mello

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available This article intends to analyze the novel Clarice of Ana Miranda, through the concepts of historiographic metafiction and imaginary biography, because the narrative parodies the biography genre, emphasizing the banal moments of the character's life and focuses inside of narrated person and, furthermore, shows a fragmented structure composed by a series of intertexts with the work of novelist Clarice Lispector, protagonist of the book, which are used for constructing a mosaic of character at some stages of her life as, for example, the childhood and youth related to the first book of the author Perto do coração selvagem. Another important aspect refers to the reinvention of a great name of Brazilian literature through his work, and especially from the imagination of a reader - Ana Miranda - who creates "her Clarice" and from this discussion, debates of the creation of the production literary art, the condition of writer and women in society.

  6. The universe of ANA testing: a case for point-of-care ANA testing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Konstantinov, Konstantin N; Rubin, Robert L

    2017-12-01

    Testing for total antinuclear antibodies (ANA) is a critical tool for diagnosis and management of autoimmune diseases at both the primary care and subspecialty settings. Repurposing of ANA from a test for lupus to a test for any autoimmune condition has driven the increase in ANA requests. Changes in ANA referral patterns include early or subclinical autoimmune disease detection in patients with low pre-test probability and use of negative ANA results to rule out underlying autoimmune disease. A positive result can lead to further diagnostic considerations. Currently, ANA tests are performed in centralized laboratories; an alternative would be ANA testing at the clinical point-of-care (POC). By virtue of its near real-time data collection capability, low cost, and ease of use, we believe the POC ANA has the potential to enable a new paradigm shift in autoimmune serology testing.

  7. Sediment features, macrozoobenthic assemblages and trophic relationships ({delta}{sup 13}C and {delta}{sup 15}N analysis) following a dystrophic event with anoxia and sulphide development in the Santa Giusta lagoon (western Sardinia, Italy)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Magni, P. [CNR-IAMC National Research Council - Institute for Coastal Marine Environment c/o IMC - International Marine Centre, Loc. Sa Mardini, Torregrande, 09072 Oristano (Italy); IMC - International Marine Centre, Loc. Sa Mardini, Torregrande, 09072 Oristano (Italy)], E-mail: paolo.magni@iamc.cnr.it; Rajagopal, S. [Department of Animal Ecology and Ecophysiology, Institute for Water and Wetland Research, Radboud University Nijmegen, Toernooiveld, 6525 ED Nijmegen (Netherlands); Velde, G. van der [Department of Animal Ecology and Ecophysiology, Institute for Water and Wetland Research, Radboud University Nijmegen, Toernooiveld, 6525 ED Nijmegen (Netherlands); National Museum of Natural History Naturalis, P.O. Box 9517, 2300 RA Leiden (Netherlands); Fenzi, G. [IMC - International Marine Centre, Loc. Sa Mardini, Torregrande, 09072 Oristano (Italy); Kassenberg, J. [Department of Animal Ecology and Ecophysiology, Institute for Water and Wetland Research, Radboud University Nijmegen, Toernooiveld, 6525 ED Nijmegen (Netherlands); Vizzini, S.; Mazzola, A. [Dipartimento di Biologia Animale, Universita di Palermo, via Archirafi 18, 90123 Palermo (Italy); Giordani, G. [Dipartimento di Scienze Ambientali, Universita di Parma, Via Usberti 33/A, 43100 Parma (Italy)

    2008-07-01

    Macrozoobenthic assemblages and stable carbon ({delta}{sup 13}C) and nitrogen ({delta}{sup 15}N) isotope values of various primary producers (macroalgae and angiosperms) and consumers (macroinvertebrate filter/suspension feeders, deposit feeders, detritivores/omnivores and carnivores and fishes) were studied in the Santa Giusta lagoon (Sardinia, Italy) before (spring) and after (autumn) a dystrophic event which occurred in the summer of 2004. A few days after the dystrophy, the physico-chemical characteristics of sediments and macrozoobenthic assemblages were also investigated. In the latter occasion, high total organic carbon (3.9%) and organic matter (15.9%) contents of surface sediments went together with peaks in acid-volatile sulphide concentrations. Certain immediate effects were quite extreme, such as the drastic reduction in macrozoobenthos and the massive fish kill in August 2004. Among the macrozoobenthos, there were few individuals of chironomid larvae and Capitella cf. capitata left. However, by October, chironomid larvae were numerous, indicating a lack of predators (e.g. fish) and competitors. In addition, some bivalve species and polychaetes which were absent, or present in small numbers before the event, became relatively numerous. The results are discussed based on a knowledge of the sulphide tolerance of these species. Stable isotope analysis clearly showed that the basal level of the food web for most consumers consisted mainly of macroalgae and sedimentary organic matter, and that the values before and after the dystrophic event were not significantly different from one another. This indicates that the relations among different trophic levels were quickly restored following the dystrophic event.

  8. Santa and the Moon

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Barthel, P.

    This article reflects on the use of illustrations of the Moon in images of Santa Claus, on Christmas gift-wrapping paper and in children's books, in two countries which have been important in shaping the image of Santa Claus and his predecessor Sinterklaas: the USA and the Netherlands. The

  9. Windows 7 ieviešana

    OpenAIRE

    Laurens, Matīss

    2011-01-01

    Kvalifikācijas darbā „Windows 7 ieviešana” tiek izveidota Windows 7 operētājsistēmas ieviešanas sistēma virtuālajā vidē, kas sevī ietver visu ieviešanas produktu un rīku apvienojumu, lai būtu pieejami visi „Lite Touch Installation” ieviešanas veidi noteiktu ieviešanas situāciju risināšanai. Ieviešanas sistēma tiek veidota ar mērķi izveidot pilnība strādājošu infrastruktūru virtuālajā vidē, pēc kuras piemēra pēc tam būtu iespējams realizēt strādājošu ievi...

  10. Santa Ana River Design Memorandum Number 1. Phase 2 GDM on the Santa Ana River Mainstem Including Santiago Creek. Volume 2. Prado Dam.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-08-01

    WV 4 j. "S~ S6 H L. L. T T T I 11916 o 6.0 C’-BV" 12* O-Or* f-0"r r-B" - -B itm 1 0 -Ii 0 W*V 1l-B" ’r im "ryPca IVTJIUIMi 6 Ill -WITO SAFTY AR LUE...F T PAYNS N IVAMNSIM ALFRI y~M N nn. iOAUI. VA LUE ENGINEEIIN4 140 SCALE;I IN,20 00F W.39. IG-?- SC SAFTY PA1 0V AYS ALUE ENQINEERINZ PAYS____________

  11. Santa Ana River Design Memorandum Number 1. Phase 2. GDM on the Santa Ana River Mainstem, Including Santiago Creek. Volume 4. Mill Creek Levee

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-08-01

    PROGRAM ELEMENT, PROJECT, TASK AREA & WORK UNIT NUMBERS Engineering Division 300 N Los Angeles Street Los Angeles, CA 90012 11. CONTROLLING OFFICE NAME...AND ADDRESS 12. REPORT DATE Project Management Branch August 1988 300 N Los Angeles Street 13 NUMBER OF PAGES Los An eles, CA 90012 108 14. MONITORING...plants are the Califorinia Portland Cement Company plant at Colton, the Kaiser Cement Company plant at Lucerne Valley, the Southwestern Cement Company

  12. Events

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Igor V. Karyakin

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The 9th ARRCN Symposium 2015 was held during 21st–25th October 2015 at the Novotel Hotel, Chumphon, Thailand, one of the most favored travel destinations in Asia. The 10th ARRCN Symposium 2017 will be held during October 2017 in the Davao, Philippines. International Symposium on the Montagu's Harrier (Circus pygargus «The Montagu's Harrier in Europe. Status. Threats. Protection», organized by the environmental organization «Landesbund für Vogelschutz in Bayern e.V.» (LBV was held on November 20-22, 2015 in Germany. The location of this event was the city of Wurzburg in Bavaria.

  13. Smēķēšanas ierobežošanas politika Latvijā

    OpenAIRE

    Kaula, Linda

    2008-01-01

    Viens no darba mērķiem ir smēķēšanas ierobežošanas politikas ieviešanas analīze, kas nozīmē PVO izstrādāto smēķēšanas ierobežošanas programmu analīzi un VM īstenoto darbību analīzi smēķēšanas ierobežošanai Latvijā. Par vēl vienu darba mērķi ir noteikta NVO aktivitāšu ietekmes uz VM smēķēšanas ierobežošanas politikas īstenošanas izvērtēšana, lai uzzinātu to, vai biznesa interešu pārstāvētām NVO ir reāla ietekme uz smēķēšanas ierobežošanas politikas īstenošanu. Darba mērķis ir arī realizēto pr...

  14. Título do blogue: ana vidigal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristina Néry

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Existe desde 2007 e constitui‑se como um arquivo pessoal e actualizado do trabalho de 30 décadas da artista plástica Ana Vidigal. Afirma: a «pintura é tudo o que se cola». O processo é estabelecido assim pela artista como um regime de reciclagem de elementos que passa pelo uso de objectos da sua infância ou elementos característicos da cultura dos anos sessenta. O blogue é gerido pela própria, para que não fique nada por ver, como um depósito de narrativas do seu trabalho. Ana Vidigal convoca...

  15. "Universe" event at AIMS

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-06-01

    Report of event of 11 May 2008 held at the African Institute of Mathematical Sciences (Muizenberg, Cape), with speakers Michael Griffin (Administrator of NASA), Stephen Hawking (Cambridge), David Gross (Kavli Institute, Santa Barbara) and George Smoot (Berkeley).

  16. U Portugalii dusha poeta / Ana Paula Zacarias ; interv. Aleksandr Shegedin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Zacarias, Ana Paula

    2006-01-01

    Äsja avatud Portugali saatkonda juhtiv suursaadik Ana Paula Baptista Grade Zacarias jagab Portugali kogemusi seoses liitumisega Euroopa Liiduga. Eesti-Portugali suhted, suursaadiku esmamuljed Eestist

  17. Lietas nosūtīšana tiesai, kā viens no procesa pabeigšanas veidiem

    OpenAIRE

    Osovska, Viktorija

    2017-01-01

    Maģistra darba tēma ir „Krimināllietas nodošana tiesai, ka viens no pirmstiesas procesa pabeigšanas veidiem”. Maģistra darbam ir savstarpēji saistīti mērķi. Pirmkārt, noskaidrot pirmstiesas procesa pabeigšanas unkrimināllietas nodošanas tiesai procesuālā kārtība Latvijas tiesību sistēmā. Otrkārt, identificēt pirmstiesas kriminālprocesa pabeigšanas nododot krimināllietu tiesai saistītās juridiskās problēmas un izstrādāt to risinājumus. Maģistra darbā pētīta pirmstiesas procesa pabeigšanas kārt...

  18. 77 FR 66578 - San Bernardino National Forest, Mountaintop Ranger District, CA, Santa Ana Watershed Hazardous...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-06

    ...., tree regeneration layers, snags) and horizontal (e.g., downed woody material) heterogeneity. There is a... sensitive resources (e.g., heritage resources, rare plants, riparian areas, designated Critical Habitat, etc... around adjacent communities. The proposed action also includes reforestation/native plant restoration in...

  19. 75 FR 77961 - Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Revised Critical Habitat for Santa Ana Sucker

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-14

    ... for Breeding, Reproduction, and Rearing (or Development) of Offspring section). No new information..., reproduction, and rearing (or development) of offspring; and 5. Habitats that are protected from disturbance or... aspects of water quality that affect the physiology of fish (California Regional Water Quality Control...

  20. Las capillas rurales de Quingeo y Santa Ana propuesta para su conservación

    OpenAIRE

    Achig Balarezo, María Cecilia

    2007-01-01

    Las capillas de las comunidades de las parroquias del Cantón Cuenca constituyen lugares de profunda significación para los pobladores, cuyo valor simbólico radica en el recogimiento, meditación e interiorización expresados en estos espacios. Se trata, en algunos casos, de arquitectura vernácula que reúne los saberes populares a través de sus técnicas y materiales tradicionales de construcción. Algunas de estas capillas se encuentran rodeadas de un contexto natural, propicio para el recogimi...

  1. Pulse oximetry error in a patient with a Santa Ana haemoglobinopathy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robertson, Alistair; Rahemtulla, Amin

    2016-09-06

    A young man with a rare unstable haemoglobinopathy presented with a high fever, worsening shortness of breath and abdominal pain. At triage his pulse oximetry (SpO2) suggested that his blood oxygen saturation was 84% at room air. However, an arterial blood gas (ABG) oxygen saturation reading (SaO2) was 100%. The significant disparity between the two measurements demonstrates that using pulse oximetry in some unstable haemoglobinopathies may significantly underestimate the actual reading. This error is most probably due to the structural differences in the variant haemoglobin causing light to be absorbed at a different wavelength beyond the normal range of the oximeter. Haemoglobinopathies affect about 7% of the world's population and is often asymptomatic; so, there may be many more undiagnosed cases. Therefore, clinicians may confirm low SpO2 readings with an ABG and, where there is significant disparity with no obvious extrinsic cause, they should consider haemoglobinopathies. 2016 BMJ Publishing Group Ltd.

  2. Summary of Meteorological Observations, Surface (SMOS), Santa Ana, California/Tustin

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-10-01

    SMOKE D(IST % O0f OSS TOTAL MOW" HOURS THUNODR. AND/OR RAIN &/OR AND/OR HAIL OG1 WITH nOG AND/Oft KOMN AND/OR WITH O1ST 4NO. OF( LRIT .) STRM DRIZZLE...61.6 %7.m% . 75.7 3101 99.9 99.0 j96.8 93.7 67.! 75.5 59.1 36.! 1.01.68f OCEAN AV-SMOS ]WON. NAVAL WEATH-ER SERVICE DETACHMENT ASHEVILLE, NORTH...100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 99. 99.00 9. 00 68 6. 1 TOTALS 100.0100 99.7 9? 1𔃻 93*1 75.2 59*4 44009 5.’ 72.7 240 OCEAN AV-SMOS - - .---. ’ ~Z. ~77777 ~A TAX

  3. Incidencia y costo de la Mastitis en un establo del Municipio de Santa Ana, Sonora

    OpenAIRE

    Gerlach B., Francisco Arturo; Ayala Alvarez, Felix; Denogean Ballesteros, Francisco G.; Moreno Medina, Salomon; Gerlach B., Luis Ernesto

    2009-01-01

    With the objective to know the mastitis cost for milk producer, was developed this study, with duration of a year in a milk farm of the North region of Sonora. The cost of the clinical and subclinical mastitis was estimated, taking into account the milk production, treatment costs and commercial milk value. The information was recorded monthly, the incidence of subclinical mastitis was obtained using California MastitisTest (CMT) and clinical mastitis incidence was obtained from farm health r...

  4. Serpentine Locomotion Articulated Chain: ANA II

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. M. Cardona

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available When humanity faces challenges in solving problems beyond their technical resources, and has no foundation to solve a problem, engineering must search for an answer developing new concepts and innovative frameworks to excel these limitations and travel beyond our capabilities. This project “Serpentine locomotion articulated chain: ANA II” is a self-contained robot built to evaluate the behavior of the platform being capable of serpentine movements, in a modular chain mechanical design, based on a master/slave architecture.

  5. Ana Maria Lorandi and the Ethnohistory's train

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandra Ramos

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available In 2016 it was celebrated eighty years of the Dra. Ana María Lorandi, who dedicated over fifty years to academic research. This finds as active as ever, working on new projects and following the new generations of anthropologists interested in Ethnohistory. In writing this article, we think of honoring it by examining its contribution through three forms of action that she developed prominently: management, research and insertion into transnational networks. Throughout the text we proposed to recover his voice, trying to incorporate his vision of the history of scientific development in which played a key role.

  6. STARPTAUTISKĀ BIZNESA PROCESU AUTSORSINGA IZMANTOŠANA

    OpenAIRE

    Artjomovs, Andrejs

    2007-01-01

    Maģistra darba tēze ir „Ārpakalpojumu izmantošanas biznesa procesos starptautiskā prakse." Darbs sastāv no 4 daļām, ievada, secinājumiem un autora priekšlikumiem. Pirmā daļa ir teorētiska un veltīta ārpakalpojumu būtības un funkciju izpētei, riska analīzei, ārpakalpojumu priekšrocībām, vēsturiskajai attīstībai. Otrajā daļā autors analizē ārpakalpojumu stratēģijas izstrādāšanu un ārpakalpojumu izmantošanas procesu. Trešā daļa veltīta globālam apskatam un pasaules tirgus ārpakalpojumu izman...

  7. Communicating stigma: the pro-ana paradox.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yeshua-Katz, Daphna; Martins, Nicole

    2013-01-01

    This study explores the personal experience of pro-ana bloggers, members of an online community for people with eating disorders. Using Erving Goffman's work on stigma, this study explores the motivations, benefits, and drawbacks of blogging about a stigmatized mental illness, as taken from the bloggers' own perceptive. We conducted 33 interviews with bloggers from seven different countries via phone, Skype, and e-mail. Participants were motivated to blog because they found social support, a way to cope with a stigmatized illness, and means of self-expression. Participants described blogging as a cathartic experience and perceived the social support they received from other members of the pro-ana community as a benefit. The fear that the eating disorder will be revealed if the blog is exposed and the concern that the blog encourages disordered eating were the perceived negative consequences of maintaining such a blog. Thus, blogging about anorexia serves to both alleviate and trigger anxiety about living with this stigmatized illness. Recommendations for future research are made.

  8. Comparative toxicity of lead shot in black ducks (Anas rubripes) and mallards (Anas platyrhynchos)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rattner, B.A.; Fleming, W.J.; Bunck, C.M.

    1989-01-01

    In winter, pen-reared and wild black ducks (Anas rubripes), and game farm and wild mallards (Anas platyrhynchos), maintained on pelleted feed, were sham-dosed or given one number 4 lead shot. After 14 days, dosed birds were redosed with two or four additional lead shot. This dosing regimen also was repeated in summer using pen-reared black ducks and game farm mallards. Based upon mortality, overt intoxication, weight change, delta-aminolevulinic acid dehydratase activity and protoporphyrin concentration, black ducks and mallards were found to be equally tolerant to lead shot. However, captive wild ducks were more sensitive than their domesticated counterparts, as evidenced by greater mortality and weight loss following lead shot administration. This difference may be related to stress associated with captivity and unnatural diet.

  9. Recent coastal evolution of the Doñana National Park (SW Spain)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodríguez-Ramírez, Antonio; Rodríguez-Vidal, Joaquín; Cáceres, Luis; Clemente, Luis; Belluomini, Giorgio; Manfra, Luigia; Improta, Salvatore; de Andrés, JoséRamon

    Since the last Holocene sea level rise, about 6900 BP, a series of depositional littoral landforms has been generated at the outlet of the Guadalquivir River, with progradation along the predominant longshore drift (towards the east). The first coastal progradation occurred between 6900 and 4500 BP. The Doñana and (perhaps) La Algaida spits, both associated with the oldest and highest marshland in the Doñana National Park, are assumed to have been developed at an early stage. Originally, the Guadalquivir estuary was wider and deeper than now, and its environment was mainly marine. The oldest littoral formations have been dated as ca. 4735 BP. They show erosional events, and indicate the breaking-up of earlier spit-barriers to form inlets. The marine environment became increasingly dominant, with heavy erosion of cliffs and a retreating coastline. This period was followed by another sedimentary cycle (4200-2600 BP) that surrounded the earlier eroded barriers. The size of the estuary decreased due to the increasing marsh deposits, and a fluvial environment was born. About 2600 years ago, progradation gave way to a new period of intense erosion. The resulting morphology of littoral strands and erosional surfaces permitted the return to a marine environment. The shoreline again retreated. From 2300 BP, coastal progradation has prevailed, with an erosional interruption at 1000 BP. The present-day outlet of the Guadalquivir is an estuarine delta of inactive marshland (the Doñana National Park), the dominant environment is fluvial.

  10. Heavy rainfall equations for Santa Catarina, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Álvaro José Back

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Knowledge of intensity-duration-frequency (IDF relationships of rainfall events is extremely important to determine the dimensions of surface drainage structures and soil erosion control. The purpose of this study was to obtain IDF equations of 13 rain gauge stations in the state of Santa Catarina in Brazil: Chapecó, Urussanga, Campos Novos, Florianópolis, Lages, Caçador, Itajaí, Itá, Ponte Serrada, Porto União, Videira, Laguna and São Joaquim. The daily rainfall data charts of each station were digitized and then the annual maximum rainfall series were determined for durations ranging from 5 to 1440 min. Based on these, with the Gumbel-Chow distribution, the maximum rainfall was estimated for durations ranging from 5 min to 24 h, considering return periods of 2, 5, 10, 20, 25, 50, and 100 years,. Data agreement with the Gumbel-Chow model was verified by the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test, at 5 % significance level. For each rain gauge station, two IDF equations of rainfall events were adjusted, one for durations from 5 to 120 min and the other from 120 to 1440 min. The results show a high variability in maximum intensity of rainfall events among the studied stations. Highest values of coefficients of variation in the annual maximum series of rainfall were observed for durations of over 600 min at the stations of the coastal region of Santa Catarina.

  11. Meet EPA Scientist Ana Rappold, Ph.D.

    Science.gov (United States)

    EPA Scientist Ana Rappold is a statistician in EPA's Environmental Public Health Division of the National Health and Environmental Effects Research Lab. Her research is focused on the health effects of air pollution.

  12. Geologic Map of the Santa Barbara Coastal Plain Area, Santa Barbara County, California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Minor, Scott A.; Kellogg, Karl S.; Stanley, Richard G.; Gurrola, Larry D.; Keller, Edward A.; Brandt, Theodore R.

    2009-01-01

    of Los Angeles. The coastal plain surface includes several mesas and hills that are geomorphic expressions of potentially active folds and partly buried oblique and reverse faults of the Santa Barbara fold and fault belt (SBFFB) that transects the coastal plain. Strong earthquakes have occurred offshore within 10 km of the Santa Barbara coastal plain in 1925 (6.3 magnitude), 1941 (5.5 magnitude), and 1978 (5.1 magnitude). These and numerous smaller seismic events located beneath and offshore of the coastal plain, likely occurred on reverse-oblique-slip faults that are similar to, or continuous with, Quaternary reverse faults crossing the coastal plain. Thus, faults of the SBFFB pose a significant earthquake hazard to the approximately 200,000 people living within the major coastal population centers of Santa Barbara, Goleta, and Carpinteria. In addition, numerous Quaternary landslide deposits along the steep southern flank of the Santa Ynez Mountains indicate the potential for continued slope failures and mass movements in developed areas. Folded, faulted, and fractured sedimentary rocks in the subsurface of the coastal plain and adjacent Santa Barbara Channel are sources and form reservoirs for economic deposits of oil and gas, some of which are currently being extracted offshore. Shallow, localized sedimentary aquifers underlying the coastal plain provide limited amounts of water for the urban areas, but the quality of some of this groundwater is compromised by coastal salt-water contamination. The present map compilation provides a set of uniform geologic digital coverages that can be used for analysis and interpretation of these and other geologic hazards and resources in the coastal plain region.

  13. Klientu apkalpošanas uzlabošana starptautiskā uzņēmumā AS ,,Drogas"

    OpenAIRE

    Liepiņa, Līva

    2012-01-01

    Sabiedrībā vērojama negatīva attieksme pret uzņēmuma AS „Drogas” klientu apkalpošanas politiku, līdz ar to bakalaura darba mērķis ir, pamatojoties uz teoriju, interviju un semināru analīzi, slepenā pircēja metodes un klientu apmierinātības aptaujas datiem, analizēt klientu apmierinātību ar AS „Drogas” sniegto klientu apkalpošanu un izstrādāt secinājumus un priekšlikumus klientu apkalpošanas uzlabošanas iespējām. Darba uzdevumi ir veikt klientu apkalpošanas teorētisko analīzi, apskatīt gal...

  14. Lasīšanas veicināšanas iespējas 3.klasē

    OpenAIRE

    Rimša, Evita

    2011-01-01

    Pētījuma mērķis: Izpētīt lasīšanas veicināšanas iespējas 3.klasē, izmantojot dažādas lasīšanas veicināšanas metodes, dažādus lasīšanas veidus, veicināt skolēnu interesi par lasīšanu. Pētījuma uzdevumi: 1.Analizēt pedagoģiski psiholoģisko literatūru par skolēna lasītprasmi. 2.Analizēt lasītprasmes veicināšanas metodes pedagoģiskajā literatūrā. 3.Veikt mācību izmēģinājumdarbību, novērojot skolēnus stundās. 4.Veikt skolēnu un viņu vecāku anketēšanu. Hipotēze: Pārzinot skolēn...

  15. ciudad de Santa Marta

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javier Alfredo Ferreira Ospino

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Esta investigación evalúa los resultados de un programa de Formación en Derechos con madres comunitarias para la solución de conflictos en la Comuna Ocho de la ciudad de Santa Marta. El programa buscó el desarrollo de la capacidad de análisis y discernimiento para la toma de decisiones, que les permitan participar activamente en la solución de problemas de la comunidad, tendientes a mejorar las condiciones de vida de los miembros de la ésta. El proyecto se enmarca en un diseño de investigación cuasiexperimental con grupo control y medida pre y post, de forma que puedan medirse no sólo los resultados del programa, sino su efectividad para la resolución de conflictos en la comunidad. Se utilizó el cuestionario adaptado a la Teoría de Rahim y otros autores de la teoría del conflicto con el fin de determinar la manera como se resuelven los conflictos en la comunidad. Esta investigación se centró en demostrar objetivamente la efectividad del programa y las diferencias deliberativas y discursivas más relevantes entre los sujetos que recibieron formación en derechos.

  16. Pratināšanas kriminālistiskie aspekti

    OpenAIRE

    Urga, Iveta

    2012-01-01

    Ivetas Urgas diplomdarbs „Pratināšanas kriminālistiskie aspekti” veltīts šīs visizplatītākās izmeklēšanas darbības aktuālajām problēmām. Autore veikusi pētījumu gan izmantojot savu praktisko pieredzi, gan intervējot kolēģus- policijas izmeklētājus, gan pētot apjomīgu teorētisko materiālu bāzi, lai risinātu galveno problēmu, paaugstinātu šīs izmeklēšanas darbības efektivitāti. Darbs sastāv no trīs nodaļām, kurās pakāpeniski analizēti šādi jautājumi: 1)Pratināšanas pierādīšanas nozīme un tās...

  17. Cell scientist to watch - Ana Garcia-Saez.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-09-01

    Ana Garcia-Saez graduated with a master's degree in biochemistry from the University of Valencia, Spain, before completing a PhD in the laboratory of Jesus Salgado in 2005. Afterwards Ana joined the research group of Petra Schwille at the Dresden University of Technology, Germany. In 2010, she started her own group at BioQuant, the Center for Quantitative Analysis of Molecular and Cellular Biosystems, at Heidelberg University with funding from the Max Planck Institute for Intelligent Systems and the German Cancer Research Centre (DKFZ). Since 2013, Ana has been a full Professor at the University of Tübingen. Her work focuses on membrane dynamics of mitochondria and the interaction of proteins with membrane lipids in the context of cell death programs, where she uses biophysical models and single-molecule high-resolution microscopy. © 2017. Published by The Company of Biologists Ltd.

  18. Another lesson from Santa Barbara.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holmquest, Donald L

    2007-01-01

    In this commentary, Don Holmquest, speaking from the perspective of a statewide regional health information organization (RHIO), responds to papers by Robert Miller and Bradley Miller and by David Brailer on lessons learned from the Santa Barbara County Care Data Exchange project and its subsequent demise. He posits that one of the critical lessons learned through the Santa Barbara experience is the need for a careful analysis of who benefits from health information exchange as part of creating a sustainable business model for health information exchange projects.

  19. Zeolite-like metal-organic frameworks with ana topology

    KAUST Repository

    Eddaoudi, Mohamed

    2017-04-20

    Embodiments of the present disclosure describe a zeolite-like metal-organic framework composition comprising a metal-organic framework composition with ana topology characterized by the formula [MIII(4, 5-imidazole dicarboxylic acid)2X(solvent)a]n wherein MIII comprises a trivalent cation of a rare earth element, X comprises an alkali metal element or alkaline earth metal element, and solvent comprises a guest molecule occupying pores. Embodiments of the present disclosure describe a method of separating paraffins comprising contacting a zeolite-like metal-organic framework with ana topology with a flow of paraffins, and separating the paraffins by size.

  20. Entrevista com a Professora Ana Jacó Vilela

    OpenAIRE

    Editorial, Corpo

    2017-01-01

    A professora Ana Jacó Vilela é graduada em Psicologia pela Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (1972), mestre em Psicologia pela Fundação Getúlio Vargas - RJ (1980) e doutora em Psicologia Escolar e do Desenvolvimento Humano pela Universidade de São Paulo (1996), com pós-doutorado em História e Historiografia da Psicologia na Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona (2004). Ana Jacó Vilela é professora associada da UERJ, atuando no Programa de Pós-graduação em Psicologia Social e no Curso de gradu...

  1. Characterization of duck (Anas platyrhynchos) MHC class Igene in ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    LIN ZHANG

    2017-06-17

    Jun 17, 2017 ... could contribute to design effective diagnostics and vaccines for the species against various infections. [Zhang L., Liu W.-J., Wu J.-Q., Xu M.-L., Kong Z.-J., Huang Y.-Y. and Yang S.-H. 2017 Characterization of duck (Anas platyrhynchos). MHC class I gene in two duck lines. J. Genet. 96, 371–375].

  2. D-penicillamine-induced ANA (+) ANCA (+) vasculitis in pediatric patients with Wilson's disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Yeonhee; Lee, Sang Taek; Cho, Heeyeon

    2016-05-01

    Anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCA) are associated with systemic vasculitis. The pathophysiology of ANCA-associated vasculitis (AAV) has not been clearly proven, and drug-induced ANCA-associated vasculitis has been reported. Wilson's disease is an inborn error of copper metabolism caused by a mutation in the copper transporting gene ATP7B, and traditional treatment is based on copper chelation with agents such as D-penicillamine. There have been rare reports that prolonged D-penicillamine therapy might cause adverse renal events such as membranous nephropathy and minimal change disease, but it is questionable if D-penicillamine induces ANCA-associated vasculitis. We describe 2 patients with Wilson's disease treated with D-penicillamine who presented with ANCA (+) vasculitis and renal involvement. The 2 patients also showed positive results for antinuclear antibody (ANA). Their kidney biopsy findings were compatible with crescentic/necrotizing glomerulonephritis, pauci-immune type. After diagnosis of AAV, D-penicillamine was stopped. Patients were then treated with plasmapheresis and immunosuppressants, including methylprednisolone pulse therapy and intravenous cyclophosphamide. One patient progressed to end-stage renal disease and the other showed persistent proteinuria. These cases suggest that D-penicillamine may induce ANA (+) ANCA (+) vasculitis with severe renal involvement in pediatric patients, and plasmapheresis combined with immunosuppressant should be considered.

  3. Runāšanas prasmju mācīšana dažāda vecuma studentiem

    OpenAIRE

    Mamikoņjana, Veronika

    2012-01-01

    Runašana ir viens no nozīmīgākajiem katras valodas aspektiem tā kā tā ir galvenais valodas saziņas veids. Turklāt, runāšana ir ļoti sarežģīts process kas prasa daudzu orgānu darbu. Tieši tāpēc ir svarīgi attīstīt runāšanas prasmes. Pastāv vairākās modeles, metodes, teorijas un klases aktivitātes kuri var tikt izmantoti šīm nolūkam. Skolotājam ir jāizlemj, kurus no tiem izvēlēties lai padarīt nodarbību efektīvu un lietderīgu. Lai izdarīt to veiksmīgi skolotājam ir jāņem vērā mācīšanas/mācīšanā...

  4. Cilvēku resursu vadīšana un pilnveidošana uzņēmumā "X"

    OpenAIRE

    Ņikiforova, Svetlana

    2012-01-01

    Bakalaura darba nosaukums ir „Cilvēku resursu vadīšana un pilnveidošana uzņēmumā „X””. Darba mērķis ir izstrādāt uzņēmuma „X” cilvēkresursu vadīšanas pilnveidošanas priekšlikumus. Darba mērķa sasniegšanai veiktie uzdevumi: literatūras izpēte par cilvēkresursu vadīšanu, uzņēmuma „X” cilvēkresursu vadīšanas sistēmas analīze, uzņēmuma „X” darbinieku anketēšana, intervijas veikšana ar personāla speciālisti, novērojumu veikšana uzņēmumā „X”, secinājumu un priekšlikumu izstrādāšana uzņēmuma „...

  5. Online Stigma Resistance in the Pro-Ana Community.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yeshua-Katz, Daphna

    2015-10-01

    Media scholars often use concepts from Goffman's dramaturgical approach to study online communities of stigmatized individuals as "backstages," spaces where members take refuge from social disapproval. In this study, I extend this view through an examination of in-depth interviews with bloggers from the "pro-ana" community, an online community for people with eating disorders. To explore how this community uses an online environment that is both anonymous and public, I fuse Goffman's ideas about identity performance and stigma with more recent theories about boundary maintenance. In-depth interviews with "pro-ana" bloggers reveal that to protect this virtual group and resist stigmas associated both with their illness and with their online presence, they construct their own norms and rules in the online realm, and discipline and eject members deemed to be out-group. © The Author(s) 2015.

  6. Vrijednosne preferencije hrvatskih građana kao odrednice materijalizma

    OpenAIRE

    Dević, Ivan; Majetić, Filip; KRNIĆ, Rašeljka

    2016-01-01

    Temeljni ciljevi ovog rada jesu: ispitati faktorsku strukturu skale materijalizma, razinu usmjerenosti građana Hrvatske prema materijalizmu, utvrditi hijerarhiju vrijednosti i objasniti povezanost vrijednosti i materijalizma uz kontrolu sociodemografskih obilježja. Istraživanje je provedeno na reprezentativnom uzorku punoljetnoga stanovništva (N =1004). Za mjerenje materijalizma upotrijebljena je kratka verzija skale materijalizma (The Material Values Scale, Richins, 2004...

  7. Congreso www.derechotics.com 2010 Ana Aba, Mesa 3

    OpenAIRE

    Cotino Hueso, Lorenzo

    2010-01-01

    Garantías de la privacidad en las redes sociales, por Ana Aba Catoira, Profesora titular de Derecho constitucional, U. de A Coruña.Mesa 3: Privacidad y la propiedad intelectual frente a la libertad de expresión e información en la redCongreso www.derechotics.com Valencia, 14-15 octubre 2010 Libertades informativas en internet: ejercicio, amenazas y garantías, Lorenzo Cotino (org.)

  8. Ingestion of lead and nontoxic shot by Green-winged Teal (Anas crecca) and Northern Shovelers (Anas clypeata) from the mid-Gulf Coast of Texas, USA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garrison, Drew A; Fedynich, Alan M; Smith, Autumn J; Ferro, Pamela J; Butler, David A; Peterson, Markus J; Lupiani, Blanca

    2011-07-01

    Ninety-eight Green-winged Teal (Anas crecca) and 84 Northern Shoveler (Anas clypeata) gizzards were examined for ingested shot. One Northern Shoveler had lead and three had steel shot; 24 teal and 17 shovelers had composite nontoxic shot or nonlead metal fragments. Prevalence of ingested lead appears minimal and consistent with other studies conducted after lead-shot bans.

  9. O outro de Ana Cristina Cesar: WW ou um qualquer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Carolina Cernicchiaro

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/1984-784X.2010nesp3p176 Quem é Ana Cristina Cesar? A quem perguntar senão ao outro (como fazia Jacques Derrida ao gato1, a um outro, ao outro qualquer que somos nós seus leitores, estes que ela abraça e se joga aos pés; ao outro qualquer que são seus amigos: WW, KM, LM, Jack, Charles, Caio, Ângela, enfim, um índice onomástico inteiro. Aos outros seus conterrâneos, não só os do Rio de Janeiro, mas os da cidade dos poetas, Londres, Lisboa, Paris, Nova York, Belo Horizonte, São Paulo, etc, etc, etc. Ao outro suas personagens, suas máscaras, Ana C, ACC, Ana Cristina Cesar, o gato, a toalha, aquela que ouve Roberto Carlos, que assiste Casablanca, que briga com Freud, que conversa com uma amiga, que bate à porta de um amigo, que pega um táxi, que fuma debaixo da janela, “meio-bruxa, meia-fera”, a que tem sobressaltos, que escreve no automóvel, entre tantas outras que não são

  10. O outro de Ana Cristina Cesar: WW ou um qualquer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Carolina Cernicchiaro

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Quem é Ana Cristina Cesar? A quem perguntar senão ao outro (como fazia Jacques Derrida ao gato1, a um outro, ao outro qualquer que somos nós seus leitores, estes que ela abraça e se joga aos pés; ao outro qualquer que são seus amigos: WW, KM, LM, Jack, Charles, Caio, Ângela, enfim, um índice onomástico inteiro. Aos outros seus conterrâneos, não só os do Rio de Janeiro, mas os da cidade dos poetas, Londres, Lisboa, Paris, Nova York, Belo Horizonte, São Paulo, etc, etc, etc. Ao outro suas personagens, suas máscaras, Ana C, ACC, Ana Cristina Cesar, o gato, a toalha, aquela que ouve Roberto Carlos, que assiste Casablanca, que briga com Freud, que conversa com uma amiga, que bate à porta de um amigo, que pega um táxi, que fuma debaixo da janela, “meio-bruxa, meia-fera”, a que tem sobressaltos, que escreve no automóvel, entre tantas outras que não são.

  11. General Model Study of Scour at Proposed Pier Extensions - Santa Ana River at BNSF Bridge, Corona, California

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-11-01

    maximum scaled scour elevation. ERDC/CHL TR-17-17 16 Fi gu re 1 2. L oc at io n of s til lin g w el l g ag es s ho w n w ith p ro po se d...School of Engineering, Univ . of Auckland. http://hdl.handle.net/2292/2520. Deborah R. Cooper, Charles D. Little, Jr., Julie Cohen, Brendan Yuill

  12. 75 FR 17202 - Proposed Establishment of Long Beach, CA, Class C Airspace Area and Revision of Santa Ana (John...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-05

    ... informal airspace meetings to solicit information from airspace users and others, concerning a proposal to..., recommendations, and comments on the proposal. All comments received during these meetings will be considered... Inn Hotel (Conference Center) Long Beach Airport, 2640 North Lakewood Blvd., Long Beach, CA 90815...

  13. BRS Ana: cultivar de batata de duplo propósito BRS ANA: A dual purpose potato cultivar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arione da S Pereira

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available O genótipo BRS Ana é uma nova cultivar de batata adequada para fritura à francesa, com potencial de processamento na forma de palitos pré-fritos congelados e de flocos, liberada em 2007. Foi desenvolvida pelo Programa de Melhoramento de Batata da Embrapa (Clima Temperado, Pelotas-RS, Transferência de Tecnologia - Escritório de Canoinhas-SC e Hortaliças, Brasília-DF, com base na aparência e rendimento de tubérculos, peso específico e qualidade de fritura. Os tubérculos têm película vermelha, levemente áspera, polpa branca, formato oval e olhos rasos. O potencial produtivo é alto. No ecossistema subtropical, apresentou maior produtividade (31,2 t ha-1 que as cultivares mais plantadas no país, quando cultivada no outono, e não diferiu na primavera. Em ecossistema tropical, plantio da seca, a cultivar BRS Ana foi tão produtiva (33,8 t ha-1 quanto as demais cultivares avaliadas. Produziu maior percentagem de tubérculos graúdos (55,6% e peso médio dos tubérculos (108,4 g que as testemunhas no outono do ecossistema subtropical. Em ambos os ecossistemas, a cultivar BRS Ana apresentou elevados valores de peso específico (1,086 e conteúdo de matéria seca (19,7%. Nos testes sensoriais mostrou-se adequada à fritura na forma de palitos, tanto no preparo doméstico, quanto na industrialização. É moderadamente suscetível à requeima (Phytophthora infestans e tem boa resistência à pinta-preta (Alternaria solani. A reação à podridão-mole (Pectobacterium sp. é similar à das cultivares mais plantadas. Apresenta baixa degenerescência de sementes por viroses, conferida pela resistência moderadamente alta ao PVY e baixa incidência do PLRV. Suscetibilidade a distúrbios de origem fisiológica nos tubérculos não tem sido observada. No ecossistema subtropical a tuberização é mais tardia na primavera, devendo portanto ser plantada mais cedo.The genotype BRS Ana is a new potato cultivar adequate for French fries, with

  14. Efek Suplementasi ENERVON-C dan SANTA-e dalam Pakan terhadap Motilitas Spermatozoa Ayam Kampung

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Triva Murtina Lubis

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Effect of Supplementation of ENERVON-C and SANTA-e in Feed on Sperm Motility of Local Cocks ABSTRACT. This study aimed to observe the effect of supplementation of ENERVON-C and SANTA-e in feed on sperm motility of local cocks. The research was conducted at Reproduction Laboratory, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Syiah Kuala University, Banda Aceh. The research used 12 local cocks divided into 4 treatment groups : P0 (feed of 521, P1 (feed of 521 + 200 mg ENERVON-C/kg of feed, P2 (feed of 521 + 200 mg SANTA-e/kg feed and P3 (feed of 521 + 100 mg ENERVON-C/kg of feed and 100 mg SANTA-e/kg of feed. During the research, all cocks were given 100 g of 521 feed/day. Feed with ENERVON-C and SANTA-e was given for 2 weeks before semen collections. Drink was given ad libitum. Data were analysed with analysis of variance and if there are effects among the treatments, analysis will be continued with Duncan Test. Results shows that supplementation of ENERVON-C or SANTA-e and their combination in feed can increase the percentage of sperm motility. There are significant differences (p<0,05 between control and treatment groups. To sum up, supplementation of ENERVON-C or SANTA-e in feed can improve the quality of sperm (motility of local cocks. The sperm quality is better after giving of ENERVON-C and SANTA-e together than single supplementation.

  15. Servera puses programmēšanas valodu atbalsts un izstrādes vižu instalēšana un konfigurēšana tīmekļa serverī

    OpenAIRE

    Polis, Jānis

    2011-01-01

    Kvalifikācijas darba tēma ir „Servera puses programmēšanas valodu atbalsts un izstrādes vižu instalēšana un konfigurēšana tīmekļa serverī”. Darba mērķis ir izveidot pilnvērtīgu tīmekļa servera prototipu, ko paredzēts izmantot vienas kompānijas ietvaros, kas atbalsta vairākas tīmekļa servera puses programmēšanas valodas un izstrādes vides, lai varētu veidot dažāda veida tīmekļa vietnes. Kā arī izstrādāt mājas lapu, kas reklamētu uzņēmuma produkciju. Šis serveris tiks veidots ...

  16. Olhos pardos e Olhos Vermelhos: Ana C. & Chacal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renata Gonçalves Gomes

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/1984-784X.2010nesp3p105 É preciso uma geração para definir um poeta ou um poeta para definir uma geração? Para Ana Cristina Cesar e para Chacal as respostas seriam diferentes. Mesmo que tenham sido poetas de uma mesma época, não podem ser considerados donos de uma poética similar com uma mesma ideologia ou postura poética. Chacal, um dos “bichos-grilos” da “marginalidade poética” carioca manteve uma postura anti-literária, ou anti-formalista, avessa à intelectualidade e à fala acadêmica, se posicionando frente a uma opção marginal, mais tarde descaracterizando esta opção para que sua poética fosse lançada, e “consagrada”, no mercado editorial. Já Ana Cristina Cesar, manteve uma postura distanciada da dita marginalidade literária da década de setenta, mesmo que sempre presente nas discussões sobre o tema da época. Por isso mesmo, fazia parte dos poetas e críticos “acadêmicos” que discutiam o assunto de forma literária e crítica, além do seu fazer poético. A fim de discutir essa dicotomia na geração de poetas da década de setenta no Rio de Janeiro, nesta monografia, os poetas Ana Cristina Cesar e Chacal são expostos para uma análise de suas posturas diante das opções, ou ausência delas, marginal e babélica.

  17. Olhos pardos e Olhos Vermelhos: Ana C. & Chacal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renata Gonçalves Gomes

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available É preciso uma geração para definir um poeta ou um poeta para definir uma geração? Para Ana Cristina Cesar e para Chacal as respostas seriam diferentes. Mesmo que tenham sido poetas de uma mesma época, não podem ser considerados donos de uma poética similar com uma mesma ideologia ou postura poética. Chacal, um dos “bichos-grilos” da “marginalidade poética” carioca manteve uma postura anti-literária, ou anti-formalista, avessa à intelectualidade e à fala acadêmica, se posicionando frente a uma opção marginal, mais tarde descaracterizando esta opção para que sua poética fosse lançada, e “consagrada”, no mercado editorial. Já Ana Cristina Cesar, manteve uma postura distanciada da dita marginalidade literária da década de setenta, mesmo que sempre presente nas discussões sobre o tema da época. Por isso mesmo, fazia parte dos poetas e críticos “acadêmicos” que discutiam o assunto de forma literária e crítica, além do seu fazer poético. A fim de discutir essa dicotomia na geração de poetas da década de setenta no Rio de Janeiro, nesta monografia, os poetas Ana Cristina Cesar e Chacal são expostos para uma análise de suas posturas diante das opções, ou ausência delas, marginal e babélica.

  18. Contribution of Doñana wetlands to carbon sequestration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morris, Edward P; Flecha, Susana; Figuerola, Jordi; Costas, Eduardo; Navarro, Gabriel; Ruiz, Javier; Rodriguez, Pablo; Huertas, Emma

    2013-01-01

    Inland and transitional aquatic systems play an important role in global carbon (C) cycling. Yet, the C dynamics of wetlands and floodplains are poorly defined and field data is scarce. Air-water CO2 fluxes in the wetlands of Doñana Natural Area (SW Spain) were examined by measuring alkalinity, pH and other physiochemical parameters in a range of water bodies during 2010-2011. Areal fluxes were calculated and, using remote sensing, an estimate of the contribution of aquatic habitats to gaseous CO2 transport was derived. Semi-permanent ponds adjacent to the large Guadalquivir estuary acted as mild sinks, whilst temporal wetlands were strong sources of CO2 (-0.8 and 36.3 mmol(CO2) m(-2) d(-1)). Fluxes in semi-permanent streams and ponds changed seasonally; acting as sources in spring-winter and mild sinks in autumn (16.7 and -1.2 mmol(CO2) m(-2) d(-1)). Overall, Doñana's water bodies were a net annual source of CO2 (5.2 mol(C) m(-2) y(-1). Up-scaling clarified the overwhelming contribution of seasonal flooding and allochthonous organic matter inputs in determining regional air-water gaseous CO2 transport (13.1 Gg(C) y(-1)). Nevertheless, this estimate is about 6 times < local marsh net primary production, suggesting the system acts as an annual net CO2 sink. Initial indications suggest longer hydroperiods may favour autochthonous C capture by phytoplankton. Direct anthropogenic impacts have reduced the hydroperiod in Doñana and this maybe exacerbated by climate change (less rainfall and more evaporation), suggesting potential for the modification of C sequestration.

  19. Morfologia e histologia do oviduto de marrecas Ana boschas

    OpenAIRE

    C.; Moraes; Baraldi-Artoni,S.M.; M.R. Pacheco; Nishizawa, M.; Nakaghi, L.S.O. [UNESP

    2010-01-01

    Avaliaram-se o comprimento do infundíbulo, do magno, do istmo, do útero e da vagina e o número de pregas do magno e do istmo do oviduto de 20 marrecas Ana boschas na fase reprodutiva. O infundíbulo apresenta mucosa com pregas longitudinais e baixas, revestidas por epitélio pseudoestratificado cilíndrico ciliado, com células caliciformes. O magno, compartimento mais longo do oviduto, 25,38cm±3,20, encontra-se constituído por uma camada mucosa com pregas altas e espessas revestidas por células ...

  20. Entrevista realizada com Ana Magnólia Bezerra Mendes

    OpenAIRE

    Ferreira, Camila Lopes; Pilatti, Luiz Alberto

    2012-01-01

    A entrevistada é Ana Magnólia Bezerra Mendes, Professora do Departamento de Psicologia Social e do Trabalho e do Programa de Pós-graduação em Psicologia Social e do Trabalho e das Organizações (PSTO) do Instituto de Psicologia da Universidade de Brasília (UnB). Tem pós-doutorado no Conservatoire National des Arts et Métiers (CNAM), Paris, doutorado em Psicologia pela UnB e sanduíche na Universidade de Bath, Inglaterra, mestrado e graduação em Psicologia. É coordenadora do Laboratório de Psico...

  1. Santa Barbara Final Technical Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hacker, Angela; Hansen, Sherman; Watkins, Ashley

    2013-11-30

    This report serves as the Final Report for Santa Barbara County’s Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant (EECBG) BetterBuildings Neighborhood Program (BBNP) award from the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). This report explains how DOE BBNP funding was invested to develop robust program infrastructure designed to help property owners complete energy improvements, thereby generating substantial outcomes for the local environment and economy. It provides an overview of program development and design within the grant period, program accomplishments and challenges to date, and a plan for the future sustainability of emPower, the County’s innovative clean energy and building efficiency program. During the grant period, Santa Barbara County’s emPower program primarily targeted 32,000 owner occupied, single family, detached residential homes over 25 years old within the County. In order to help these homeowners and their contractors overcome market barriers to completing residential energy improvements, the program developed and promoted six voluntary, market-based service areas: 1) low cost residential financing (loan loss reserve with two local credit unions), 2) residential rebates, 3) local customer service, 4) expert energy advising, 5) workforce development and training, and 6) marketing, education and outreach. The main goals of the program were to lower building energy use, create jobs and develop a lasting regional building performance market. These services have generated important early outcomes and lessons after the program’s first two years in service. The DOE BBNP funding was extended through October 2014 to enable Santa Barbara County to generate continued outcomes. In fact, funding related to residential financing remains wholly available for the foreseeable future to continue offering Home Upgrade Loans to approximately 1,300 homeowners. The County’s investment of DOE BBNP funding was used to build a lasting, effective, and innovative

  2. Remiksēšanas kultūra virtuālajā vidē: mēmu lietošanas un veidošanas vietņu analīze

    OpenAIRE

    Vilsone, Paula

    2013-01-01

    Bakalaura darba “Remiksēšanas kultūra virtuālajā vidē: mēmu lietošanas un veidošanas vietņu analīze” mērķis ir izpētīt interneta mēmu lietotāju un veidotāju mēmu patērēšanas paradumus. Darbam izvirzīts pētnieciskais jautājums, vai latviešu mēmu lietotājiem un veidotājiem ir interneta vietne, kura lokālā līmenī spējīga konkurēt ar populārām pasaules mēroga mēmu lietošanas un veidošanas vietnēm? Kā arī apakšjautājumi – ja ir, tad kas to padara konkurētspējīgu; ja nav, tad kāpēc un vai tāda viet...

  3. Doctora Ana Larralde Pineda, ejemplo para nuestra profesión Doctor Ana Larralde Pineda, an example to our profession

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alberto James Pita

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available El papel de la mujer en la Cirugía Maxilofacial es valioso, y más aún el de la doctora Ana Larralde Pineda, primera cirujana maxilofacial de Cuba. Con este trabajo nos hemos propuesto resaltar la figura de esta ejemplar profesional y transmitir, sobre todo a las nuevas generaciones de nuestra especialidad y de la Estomatología en general, su recuerdo imperecedero. Se realizó una investigación de tipo histórica, para recopilar los datos biográficos más generales de la profesora. Se realizaron entrevistas abiertas. A los entrevistados se les explicó el objetivo y la intención de los autores. Todos dieron su consentimiento para ser entrevistados. Se realizó una revisión bibliográfica mediante la consulta a de la base de datos Scielo Cuba y se consultó prensa escrita y el archivo de la Sociedad Cubana de Cirugía Maxilofacial. La doctora Ana Larralde Pineda supo en todo momento conjugar la responsabilidad profesional, docente, humana, con la vida familiar, y abrió las puertas a la incorporación de la mujer a esta especialidad de reconocida entrega, sacrificio y vocación para sus miembros, especialmente para las féminas.Women play a valuable role in maxillofacial surgery. A clear example is Doctor Ana Larralde Pineda, the first Cuban female maxillofacial surgeon. The purpose of this paper is to pay tribute to this outstanding professional and convey her imperishable example to the new generations of maxillofacial specialists and dental professionals at large. A historical study was conducted to gather the most general biographical information about the professor. Open interviews were carried out. Interviewees were informed of the authors' purpose and intention. All gave their consent to be interviewed. A bibliographic review was conducted based on Scielo Cuba database, the printed press and the archives of the Cuban Society of Maxillofacial Surgery. Doctor Ana Larralde Pineda was always able to combine her professional, teaching

  4. Datoru izmantošanas uzskaites sistēma

    OpenAIRE

    Martinkens, Ainārs

    2007-01-01

    Darbā ir izveidota datoru lietotāju uzskaites sistēma, kas nodrošina studentu darba organizāciju LU datorklasēs. Tiek aprakstīti un salīdzināti daži veidi, kā veikt informācijas uzkrāšanu elektroniskā veidā par datoru izmantošanas laiku un lietotājiem, tā realizējot sava veida “žurnālu", kas aizstāj lietotāju pierakstīšanos papīra žurnālā. Darba pirmajā daļā tiek analizēti vairāki sistēmas realizācijas varianti, atrasts piemērotākais variants un izvērtēta tā ieviešanas iespēja Latvijas Uni...

  5. SQL komandas saturošu programmas fragmentu testēšana

    OpenAIRE

    Bakašs, Andrejs

    2012-01-01

    Darba mērķis ir izpētīt SQL komandu testēšanas problemātiku. Darbā ir apskatītas metodes šādu problēmu risināšanai: SQL komandas saturošu programmas pirmkoda fragmentu noteikšana, pārklājuma kritērija definēšana SQL komandu testēšanai, testa datu ģenerēšana SQL vaicājumiem un testa datubāzes adekvātuma novērtēšana. Darbā tiek piedāvātas esošo metožu uzlabošanas iespējas un to apvienošana savā starpā ar mērķi iegūt pilnu SQL komandu testēšanas stratēģiju no pirmkoda analīzes līdz testa datu...

  6. Hvorfor pro-ana/mia? - En kvalitativ undersøgelse af unge pigers brug af pro-ana/mia netværkssider.

    OpenAIRE

    Sandau, Mie Ballegaard; Ullerup, Marie-Louise Dalsgaard

    2014-01-01

    This dissertation sets out to discover the impact of pro-ana (pro anorexia) and pro-mia (pro bulimia) social networking sites on users and former users, based upon seven qualitative interviews, along with the positions made available through these websites. The dissertation contains a background chapter, where in the concepts of social media, pro-ana/mia social networking sites and eating disorders are defined. The scientific method of the dissertation is within social constructionism....

  7. Propuesta de intervención de dos obras sobre lienzo de la Parroquia de la Merced y Santa Tecla de Xàtiva.

    OpenAIRE

    BLASCO SEGARRA, CARLA

    2018-01-01

    En el presente Trabajo de Fin de Grado se presentan los estudios técnicos y las propuestas de intervención de dos óleos sobre lienzo que se encuentran en la sacristía de la parroquia de Ntra. Sra. de la Merced y Santa Tecla de Xàtiva. La primera obra, anónima, data de finales del s. XIX o principios del s. XX y representa a Santa Ana y San Joaquín enseñando a leer a la Virgen María. La segunda obra data del año 1917, firmada por el artista P. Bosola, representa a San Fran...

  8. Coastal Processes Study of Santa Barbara and Ventura Counties, California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barnard, Patrick L.; Revell, David L.; Hoover, Dan; Warrick, Jon; Brocatus, John; Draut, Amy E.; Dartnell, Pete; Elias, Edwin; Mustain, Neomi; Hart, Pat E.; Ryan, Holly F.

    2009-01-01

    The Santa Barbara littoral cell (SBLC) is a complex coastal system with significant management challenges. The coastline ranges broadly in exposure to wave energy, fluvial inputs, hard structures, and urbanization. Geologic influence (structural control) on coastline orientation exerts an important control on local beach behavior, with anthropogenic alterations and the episodic nature of sediment supply and transport also playing important roles. Short- and long-term temporal analyses of shoreline change, beach width, and volume change show no obvious trends in regional beach behavior. Extensive armoring along the SBLC has accreted the back beach, narrowing beach widths and in some cases increasing sediment transport. Unarmored beaches have exhibited mild erosion while maintaining similar widths. Harbor constructions have had notable impacts on downdrift beaches, but once the coastal system has equilibrated the signal becomes strongly dampened and littoral-drift gradients driven by natural shoreline orientation again become dominant. Sediment inputs from the Santa Clara River dominate sediment processes on beaches to the south. The SBLC is dominated by episodic flood and storm-wave events. Exceptionally large accretion signals along this stretch of coastline are closely tied to major flood events when large amounts of sediment are deposited in deltas. These deltas decay over time, supplying downdrift beaches with sediment. Storm-wave impacts and gradients in alongshore transport can lead to beach rotations and migrating erosion hotspots when geological controls are weak. Annual and seasonal rates of cross-shore and alongshore transport are at least 2-3 times higher for the more west- and southwest-facing beaches south of the Ventura River as compared to the more sheltered beaches to the west/north. Gross littoral transports are good approximations of net littoral transports for beaches west/north of Ventura as transport is almost purely unidirectional. However

  9. Backscatter [SWATH]--Offshore Santa Cruz, California

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This part of DS 781 presents data for the acoustic-backscatter map of Offshore of Santa Cruz map area, California. Backscatter data are provided as three separate...

  10. Folds--Offshore of Santa Barbara, California

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This part of SIM 3281 presents data for folds for the geologic and geomorphic map (see sheet 10, SIM 3281) of the Offshore of Santa Barbara map area, California. The...

  11. Habitat--Offshore Santa Cruz, California

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This part of DS 781 presents data for the habitat map of the seafloor of the Offshore of Santa Cruz map area, California. The vector data file is included in...

  12. Folds--Offshore Santa Cruz, California

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This part of DS 781 presents data for the folds for the geologic and geomorphic map of the Offshore Santa Cruz map area, California. The vector data file is included...

  13. Faults--Offshore Santa Cruz, California

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This part of DS 781 presents data for the faults for the geologic and geomorphic map of the Offshore Santa Cruz map area, California. The vector data file is...

  14. Faults--Offshore of Santa Barbara, California

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This part of SIM 3281 presents data for folds for the geologic and geomorphic map (see sheet 10, SIM 3281) of the Offshore of Santa Barbara map area, California. The...

  15. Contours--Offshore Santa Cruz, California

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This part of DS 781 presents data for the bathymetric contours for several seafloor maps of the Offshore Santa Cruz map area, California. The vector data file is...

  16. La Ex Hacienda de Santa Cruz

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Berta Pinto de Estrada

    1975-06-01

    Full Text Available Ex hacienda Santa Cruz was chosen to show the differences in the geographic and economic structure, and the historic causes that originated them, as an example of ihe situation in the northem part of Campeche.

  17. Projekts Autostāvvietas izveidošana

    OpenAIRE

    Derevjanniha, Oļesja

    2009-01-01

    Maģistra darbs ir veidots kā projekta apraksts, kurā izklāstīta šī projekta izveidošanas ideja par uzņēmumu, kas nodarbosies ar autostāvvietas, remonta boksu nomas, automazgātuves un neliela autoservisa pakalpojumu sniegšanu. Ir izvēlēts daudzstāvu namu un jaunceltņu rajons – Latgales priekšpilsētā, kurā šis pakalpojums būs aktuāls. Blakus tiek celts jauns rajons, kurā visām ēkām ir apakšzemes stāvvietas, bet toties nav pat savu mašīnu sīkas apkopes un remonta iespējas. Maģistra darba mēr...

  18. Erythrodiplax ana sp. nov. (Odonata: Libellulidae) from Brazilian palm swamps.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guillermo-Ferreira, Rhainer; Vilela, Diogo S; Del-Claro, Kleber; Bispo, Pitágoras C

    2016-08-29

    Erythrodiplax ana sp. nov. (male holotype, six male and three female paratypes), collected in Vereda wetlands (a unique Neotropical savanna environment) in Uberlândia (Minas Gerais) and Chapada dos Guimarães (Mato Grosso), Brazil, is described and illustrated. The new species fits in Borror's Basalis Group, and can be distinguished from other species by the combination of the following traits: blue pruinosity dorsally on thorax and third to eighth abdominal segments; sides of the thorax olive-green; face ivory or olive-green; wings hyaline with a small apical brown spot on all four wings, well defined in females; male genitalia with sclerotized erectile posterior lobe and inflatable sac-like median process. Last instar larvae were reared in the laboratory, resulting in the description of the larva. We also followed this population for 13 months and present resulting biological notes and comments on ontogenetic color change in males, as well as longevity.

  19. MORPHOMETRY OF LAKE SFANTA ANA, ROMANIA (LAKE SAINT ANN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gavril PANDI

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Lake Sfanta Ana is one of the most emblematic lacustrine complexes of our country. In this context, its monitoring is not only necessary but also compulsory. The study of its evolution and the forecasts are done easier because we have had hydrotopometric highs for about 100 years, even if the frequency of evaluations has not been periodical. The morphometric elements have had a normal evolution, of continuous diminution, specific to lacustrine complexes. The modification rates of the morphometric parameters are different, but they all highlight the necessity of taking urgent measures of protection, in order to slow down the filling speed of the lake basin. Silting is fast due to anthropic influences. The tourism activity produces, direct and indirectly, alluviums that reach inside the lake, due to the processes occurred on the slopes of the crater. We must find a modus vivendi, which is possible in theory, so that tourism and environment protection may “live together” in harmony.

  20. Position of Imam Malik bin Anas on Deviant Sects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Allaa Eddin Muhammad Esmail

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The study attempts to highlight the position of Imam Malik bin Anas on deviant sects which emerged and developed during his time. It discusses the views of Imam Malik on other Muslim sects like Shi’its and its school of thoughts, Qadarites, where he authored a specific book and a chapter in his “Muwatta” in response to their central teachings, Khariji, Murji”it and Mu’tazilites. This paper also discusses the views of Imam Malik and his response to important issues related to those sects such as “al-mutasyabihat” and the creation of Al-Quran. Imam Malik’s ways and methods in dealing with those sects are also highlighted.

  1. ANA - A framework for building ATHENA on ARM

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Joshua Wyatt; Hamilton, Andrew

    2015-10-01

    The ATLAS software framework (ATHENA) is large and dynamic, comprised of around 6.5 million lines of code. It is compiled using the ATLAS monitoring system, NICOS which uses tools and scripts located and tuned for the CERN services, LXPLUS and AFS. Furthermore, the constraints placed on the hardware that the software is based, limits compilations to traditional x86 architecture. With the sudden interest in ARM processors for large scale high energy physics computing, a new system needs to be implemented to build ATHENA versions for ARM, on ARM. This letter serves to introduce a building framework called Atlas Nightly on ARM (ANA). This new framework implements patches to suit the ARM architecture with the goal of a final ATHENA version for ARM.

  2. VIAJE AL PALENQUE CARIBE DE ANA MERCEDES HOYOS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Cristina Laverde Toscano

    1995-01-01

    Full Text Available Transitar por el camino de un artista consagrado despierta en el espectador diversos y entrañables sentimientos. Recorrer la obra de Ana Mercedes Hoyos nos enfrenta al proceso coherente y mesurado de una creadora que se apropió de la luz majestuosa para dar vida a objetos del entorno cotidiano. Objetos que danzan, dueños del movimiento y la sensualidad que los convierte en sagrados. El encuentro con un cuadro de esta artista se transforma así en un acto sublime de contemplación. Esta Maestra vive hoy en función de su trabajo las veinticuatro horas de cada día: sus viajes continuos tienen que ver siempre con sus labores artísticas en Nueva York, con sus exposiciones en los más disímiles puntos del planeta, con su anhelo ferviente de conocer lo que grandes maestros de la plástica universal muestran en famosos museos y galerías del mundo. Así preserva la riqueza de esa relación constante en su obra entre temáticas locales y estilos y lenguajes contemporáneos e internacionales. En Bogotá, la vida de Ana Mercedes Hoyos transcurre alderredor de su taller donde infatigablemente lleva al lienzo sólo algunos de los múltiples proyectos que invaden su creativa imaginación. Los pocos compromisos que acepta giran también en torno al trabajo, al igual que sus amigos con quienes comparte actividades y labores de su quehacer artístico. Al final, como ella afirma «... todo se me vuelve el mismo cuento».

  3. Ana Enriqueta Terán: poetisa de la lengua

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Alberto Angulo

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Este año ha sido esencial en la vida de la escritora Ana Enriqueta Terán, tres libros estupendos suyos han sido publicados en los primeros seis meses. Uno de sonetos con dibujos de ella misma (Otros sonetos de todos mis tiempos. Casa Nacional de las Letras Andrés Bello, Caracas, una novela (Apuntes y congojas de una decadencia narrada en tres muertes. Fundación Editorial El Perro y la Rana, Caracas, y a finales del mes de junio - en el marco del XI Festival Mundial de Poesía de Venezuela -, la prestigiosa Biblioteca Ayacucho ha presentado con el Nº 252 de su Colección Clásica a Piedra de habla, antología poética con prólogo de Patricia Guzmán titulado Ana Enriqueta Terán Voz relampagueante de misterio y belleza, amén de la profusa cronología y concienzuda compilación de las fuentes bibliográficas. También este año, el Museo de Arte Valencia conjuntamente con la Red de Escritores de Venezuela y de un grupo de amigos de la poetisa constituidos como comité preparatorio para la celebración del centenario de la escritora, le rindió un cálido homenaje el domingo 4 de mayo, aniversario noventa y seis (96 de su nacimiento en Valera, estado Trujillo, de la ahora República Bolivariana de Venezuela

  4. Ana Carolina Escosteguy: Cenários dos estudos culturais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thaisa Cristina Bueno

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Autora do livro “Cartografia dos Estudos Culturais”, “Comunicação e recepção” (em coautoria com Nilda Jacks, “Leituras em comunicação, cultura e tecnologia”, além de coautora e organizadora em outras obras de referência sobre o tema cultura e comunicação no Brasil, Ana Carolina Escosteguy é hoje um dos nomes mais importantes quando se pensa em Estudos Culturais no país. Doutora em Ciências da Comunicação pela Universidade de São Paulo (2000, com pós-doutorado no CAMRI (Communication and Media Research Institute, associado ao Department of Journalism and Mass Communication da School of Media, Art and Design da University of Westminster (UK, Ana Carolina Escosteguy é professora titular da Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul (PUCRS e bolsista produtividade em pesquisa do CNPq, desde março 2001. Nesta entrevista ela discute pontos sensíveis da área, entre eles o pouco destaque das pesquisas desse campo têm tido no Jornalismo, o fato de a base teórica ser bem mais ampla que os tradicionais estudos de recepção a que são comumente aproximados, não se nega a tratar das confusões com a folkcomunicação, bem como as próprios limites e intersecções desse campo de estudos. Durante esta conversa, aproveita para apontar as obras que considera essenciais para adentrar na área e mostra coragem e segurança para se colocar como uma pesquisadora que busca entender o tempo atual, as tecnologias e as rupturas a partir da perspectiva do usuário. Confiram:

  5. Viaje al palenque Caribe de Ana Mercedes Hoyos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Cristina Laverde Toscano

    1995-04-01

    Full Text Available Transitar por el camino de un artista consagrado despierta en el espectador diversos y entrañables sentimientos. Recorrer la obra de Ana Mercedes Hoyos nos enfrenta al proceso coherente y mesurado de una creadora que se apropió de la luz majestuosa para dar vida a objetos del entorno cotidiano. Objetos que danzan, dueños del movimiento y la sensualidad que los convierte en sagrados. El encuentro con un cuadro de esta artista se transforma así en un acto sublime de contemplación. Esta Maestra vive hoy en función de su trabajo las veinticuatro horas de cada día: sus viajes continuos tienen que ver siempre con sus labores artísticas en Nueva York, con sus exposiciones en los más disímiles puntos del planeta, con su anhelo ferviente de conocer lo que grandes maestros de la plástica universal muestran en famosos museos y galerías del mundo. Así preserva la riqueza de esa relación constante en su obra entre temáticas locales y estilos y lenguajes contemporáneos e internacionales. En Bogotá, la vida de Ana Mercedes Hoyos transcurre alderredor de su taller donde infatigablemente lleva al lienzo sólo algunos de los múltiples proyectos que invaden su creativa imaginación. Los pocos compromisos que acepta giran también en torno al trabajo, al igual que sus amigos con quienes comparte actividades y labores de su quehacer artístico. Al final, como ella afirma ... “todo se me vuelve el mismo cuento”.

  6. The use of pro-ana blogs for online social support.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tong, Stephanie Tom; Heinemann-Lafave, Daria; Jeon, Jehoon; Kolodziej-Smith, Renata; Warshay, Nathaniel

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this research was to document the content on pro-ana blogs and to uncover how the unique socio-technical features of blogs (interactivity, self-disclosure, masspersonal communication) facilitate social support among members. A final sample of 48 pro-ana blogs provided 624 individual units for coding. Results indicate that prevalent forms of social support were emotional support, esteem support, and informational support. A new category, reciprocal self-disclosure, was also revealed to be quite frequent. Blogs are spaces where social support is sought and communicated among members of the pro-ana network. Interpretation of blog communication and implications for treatment and research are discussed.

  7. Mutācijas testēšanas principu izmantošana SQL komandu testēšanā

    OpenAIRE

    Kirkiļevičs, Edgars

    2013-01-01

    Darbā ir izpētīts defektu balstīts testēšanas paņēmiens – mutāciju testēšana. Ir noskaidrots mutāciju testēšanas princips, aprakstīti dažādi mutāciju operatoru veidi, kas ir kopīgi vairākām programmēšanas valodām, kādi mutāciju operatori ir dažādās programmēšanas valodās, ir salīdzināti Java valodā piedāvātie mutāciju rīki. Lielāka uzmanība ir pievērsta SQL vaicājumu mutāciju iespējām. Ir izanalizēti vairāki mutāciju operatori, ir doti šo operatoru paskaidrojumi ar piemēriem. Ir apskatīti ...

  8. Macroeconomia do Turismo Argentino em Santa Catarina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Meurer

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Resumo O Estado de Santa Catarina experimentou um considerável crescimento do setor de turismo nas últimas décadas. O fluxo turístico de origem argentina revelou-se um ingrediente importante dessa trajetória. Este artigo focaliza um aspecto pouco explorado, aparentemente, da participação argentina no turismo estadual: a relação entre a situação macroeconômica do país vizinho e a demanda turística por Santa Catarina lá originada. Começa-se abordando brevemente a problemática geral da macroeconomia do turismo. Depois, discorre-se sobre o crescimento desse setor em Santa Catarina, destacando a presença de argentinos. A terceira parte desenvolve uma análise baseada em tratamento estatístico de dados sobre demanda e receita geradas por esses turistas no estado, com exame das correlações envolvendo taxa de câmbio e taxa de crescimento do PIB da Argentina. Palavras-chave: turismo; Santa Catarina; turistas argentinos; economia argentina Abstract The State of Santa Catarina has witnessed a considerable development of its tourist sector in the last decades. The demand from Argentina has proved to be an important factor of that growth. This article deals with a feature of the presence of Argentinians in the state which seems to be scarcely studied: the relationship between the macroeconomic situation of Argentina and the tourist demand in Santa Catarina originated from that country. The first part of the article considers briefly the general issue of tourism macroeconomics. The second one looks upon tourism growth in Santa Catarina, stressing the presence of visitors from Argentine. The third section develops an analysis based on statistical treatment of data concerning demand and income generated by such tourists in Santa Catarina, involving correlations that consider aspects like exchange rate and the rate of GDP increase in Argentina. Keywords: tourism; Santa Catarina; tourists from Argentina; Argentina’s economy

  9. Heavy rainfall triggers increased nocturnal flight in desert populations of the Pacific black duck (Anas superciliosa).

    Science.gov (United States)

    McEvoy, J F; Ribot, R F H; Wingfield, J C; Bennett, A T D

    2017-12-14

    Understanding of avian nocturnal flight comes mainly from northern hemisphere species in seasonal temperate ecosystems where nocturnal flight is often precisely timed and entrained by annual photoperiod. Here we investigate patterns of nocturnal flight in waterbirds of Australian desert ecosystems that fly considerable distances to find temporary water bodies formed from rainfall which is highly unpredictable seasonally and spatially, and when there is sufficient water, they then breed. How they perform these feats of navigation and physiology remain poorly known. Using GPS tracking of 38 satellite tagged Pacific black ducks (Anas superciliosa) in two contrasting ecosystems, before and after heavy rainfall we revealed a key role for facultative nocturnal flight in the movement ecology of this species. After large rainfall events, birds rapidly increased nocturnal flight activity in the arid aseasonal ecosystem, but not in the mesic seasonal one. Nocturnal flights occurred throughout the night in both ecosystems. Long range flights (>50 km in 2 hours) occurred almost exclusively at night; at night the distance flown was higher than during the day, birds visited more locations, and the locations were more widely dispersed. Our work reveals that heavy rainfall triggers increased nocturnal flight activity in desert populations of waterbirds.

  10. Missugused on teie kogemused väikeklassidega? / Villu Mengel, Ana Kontor, Katrin Betlem, Riina Kink

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2013-01-01

    Küsimusele vastasid Sikupilli keskkooli direktor Villu Mengel, Tartu hariduse tugiteenuste keskuse eripedagoog Ana Kontor, Tabasalu ühisgümnaasiumi õppejuht-sotsiaalpedagoog Katrin Betlem, Keila kooli põhikooli õppejuht Riina Kink

  11. Teritorijas izmantošanas konflikti Ventspils un Rīgas ostās

    OpenAIRE

    Sniķere, Sandija

    2009-01-01

    Maģistra darba nosaukums „Teritorijas izmantošanas konflikti Ventspils un Rīgas ostās”. Darbs izstrādāts latviešu valodā, 51 lappušu apjomā. Maģistra darbā izvērtēti Ventspils un Rīgas ostas teritorijas izmantošanas konflikti. Osta ir specifisks teritorijas izmantošanas veids. Latvijā ostu teritorijām izmantošana tiek noteikta pašvaldību teritorijas plānojumos. Darbības ostas teritorijā var īstenot tikai ar ostas valdes akceptu. Plānojot teritoriju var rasties potenciālie konflikti, ja pē...

  12. Runāšanas prasmju pilnveide, izmantojot stāstus

    OpenAIRE

    Dakse, Madara

    2016-01-01

    Runāšanas prasmes tiek izmantotas katru dienu. Runa ir valodas prasme, kas palīdz komunicēt. Tas ir sarežģīts process, kas iekļauj citas valodu prasmes un runas orgānus. Tāpēc ir svarīgi attīstīt runāšanas prasmes. Bakalaura darba tēma ir "Runāšanas prasmju pilnveide, izmantojot stāstus". Darba mērķis ir pierādīt, ka, izmantojot stāstu metodi mācīšanā, var uzlabot runāšanas prasmes. Darbā izmantotās pētniecības metodes ir literatūras apskats, gadījumu izpēte un triangulācijas metode. Izvirzīt...

  13. Programmēšanas spēle "PyDrone"

    OpenAIRE

    Siliņš, Viesturs

    2010-01-01

    Darbā “Programmēšanas spēle “PyDrone”” ir dokumentēta atvērtā koda programmas PyDrone izstrāde. PyDrone ir programmēšanas spēle, kas paredzēta izklaidei un izglītošanai, spēles veidā iepazīstinot cilvēkus ar programmēšanu. Programma izstrādāta, izmantojot Python programmēšanas valodu. Programma izstrādāta, izmantojot spējo metodiku programmizstrādes principus. Atslēgvārdi: Python, spējās metodikas, programmēšanas spēle.

  14. Abstrakta diagrammēšanas sistēma un tās lietojumi

    OpenAIRE

    Romanovskis, Didzis

    2012-01-01

    Dokumentā tiek aprakstīta abstraktas diagrammēšanas sistēmas izstrāde, kā arī tās pielietojums prototipa aplikācijā. Šī sistēma tiks izmantota kā modulis jau esksitējošās datu vizualizācijas lietotnēs, kuras izstrādā SIA Tom Sawyer Latvia. Prototipa aplikācija tiek izstrāda tikai abstraktās diagrammēšanas sistēmas demonstrēšanas un testēšanas nolūkiem.

  15. Integration& Operation of a Microgrid at Santa Rita Jail

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chevron Energy Solutions; Alameda County; DeForest, Nicholas; Lai, Judy; Stadler, Michael; Mendes, Goncalo; Marnay, Chris; Donadee, Jon

    2011-05-01

    Santa Rita Jail is a 4,500 inmate facility located in Dublin CA, approximately 40 miles (65 km) east of San Francisco. Over the past decade, a series of Distributed Energy Resources (DER) installations and efficiency measures have been undertaken to transform the 3MW facility into a"Green Jail". These include a 1.2MW rated rooftop PV system installed in 2002, a 1MW molten carbonate fuel cell with CHP, and retrofits to lighting and HVAC systems to reduce peak loads. With the upcoming installation of a large-scale battery and fast static disconnect switch, Santa Rita Jail will become a true microgrid, with full CERTS Microgrid functionality. Consequently, the jail will be able to seamlessly disconnect from the grid and operate as an island in the event of a disturbance, reconnecting again once the disturbance has dissipated. The extent to which that jail is capable of islanding is principally dependant on the energy capacity of the battery-one focus of this investigation. Also presented here are overviews of the DER currently installed at the jail, as well as the value it provides by offsetting the purchase of electricity under the current Pacific Gas& Electric (PG&E) tariff.

  16. Physical and Technical Energy Problems: Testing of the Prototype for State Estimation of Large-Scale Power Systems / Lielo Energosistēmu Stāvokļa Novērtēšanas Prototipa Testēšana

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kochukov, O.; Briņķis, K.; Mutule, A.

    2013-08-01

    The paper describes the algorithm for distributed state estimation (SE) and is focused on its testing and validation. For this purpose, different events in the modeled power system of the 330-750 kV electrical ring Latvia - Lithuania - Belarus - Smolensk - Moscow - St. Petersburg - Estonia - Latvia were considered. The methods for testing the Inter-TSO SE prototype and dynamic network monitoring & modeling are based on comparison of the available SCADA data about real events with those of SE calculation. In total, four operational states were studied, including initial, accident and two post-accident operational states Rakstā tiek aprakstīti, testēti un novērtēti izkliedēta stāvokļa novērtēšanas algoritmi. Testēšanas nolūkos tika izmantoti dažādi 330-750 kV elektriskā loka Latvija - Lietuva - Baltkrievija - Smoļenska - Maskava - Pēterburga - Igaunija - Latvija modelēti scenāriji. Prototipa testēšanas metodoloģija balstīta uz pieejamo SCADA datu salīdzināšanu ar stāvokļa novērtēšanas prototipa aprēķina rezultātiem. Kopumā apskatīti sākotnējais, avārijas un divi pēcavārijas režīmi

  17. A vitivinicultura de altitude em Santa Catarina

    OpenAIRE

    Losso, Flavia Baratieri

    2016-01-01

    Tese (doutorado) - Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Centro de Filosofia e Ciências Humanas, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Geografia, Florianópolis, 2016. O presente estudo analisou as relações entre a formação sócio-espacial, a produção e o consumo de vinhos finos de altitude em Santa Catarina como indutores do desenvolvimento do Enoturismo no Estado mediante o entendimento de que este tipo de turismo poderá intervir na economia do vinho, agregando valor e influenciando o consumo des...

  18. Metal contamination in interstitial waters of Doñana Park

    OpenAIRE

    Tovar-Sánchez, Antonio; Negro, Juan J.; Huerta-Diaz, Miguel A.; Bravo, Miguel A.; Sañudo-Wilhelmy, Sergio A

    2005-01-01

    The composition of interstitial waters in Spain’s Don˜ana National Park was assessed 4 years after a major pyrite slurry spill occurred from the Aznalcollar Mine. Metal and nutrient concentrations in pore waters from two of the most important watercourses traversing Don˜ana Park were measured: Guadiamar River (affected by the accident) and Partido Stream (unimpacted by the accident). Concentrations of dissolved constituents in interstitial waters varied according to land use in the t...

  19. 27 CFR 9.217 - Happy Canyon of Santa Barbara.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Happy Canyon of Santa... Areas § 9.217 Happy Canyon of Santa Barbara. (a) Name. The name of the viticultural area described in this section is “Happy Canyon of Santa Barbara”. For purposes of part 4 of this chapter, “Happy Canyon...

  20. 33 CFR 80.1102 - Santa Catalina Island, CA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Santa Catalina Island, CA. 80... INTERNATIONAL NAVIGATION RULES COLREGS DEMARCATION LINES Pacific Coast § 80.1102 Santa Catalina Island, CA. The 72 COLREGS shall apply to the harbors on Santa Catalina Island. ...

  1. Projekts: SIA "KEDL Finance" izveidošana

    OpenAIRE

    Daugiša, Lāsma

    2012-01-01

    Projekts ’’SIA ’’KEDL Finance’’ izveidošana’’ paredz nodibināt uzņēmumu, kurš sniegs ārpakalpojumus grāmatvedības, revīzijas un nodokļu konsultāciju jautājumos Latvijas, Lietuvas un Igaunijas valstu uzņēmumiem un privātpersonām, ar novitāti uzsverot video konsultācijas. Kā zināms, neviens uzņēmums, kā arī privātpersonas, kas darbojas uzņēmējdarbībā, piemēram, kā pašnodarbinātas personas, nevar iztikt bez grāmatvedības vešanas. Tādējādi projekta mērķis paredz izveidot ārpakalpojumu uzņēmumu...

  2. Updating movement estimates for American black ducks (Anas rubripes)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robinson, Orin J.; McGowan, Conor P.; Devers, Patrick K.

    2016-01-01

    Understanding migratory connectivity for species of concern is of great importance if we are to implement management aimed at conserving them. New methods are improving our understanding of migration; however, banding (ringing) data is by far the most widely available and accessible movement data for researchers. Here, we use band recovery data for American black ducks (Anas rubripes) from 1951–2011 and analyze their movement among seven management regions using a hierarchical Bayesian framework. We showed that black ducks generally exhibit flyway fidelity, and that many black ducks, regardless of breeding region, stopover or overwinter on the Atlantic coast of the United States. We also show that a non-trivial portion of the continental black duck population either does not move at all or moves to the north during the fall migration (they typically move to the south). The results of this analysis will be used in a projection modeling context to evaluate how habitat or harvest management actions in one region would propagate throughout the continental population of black ducks. This analysis may provide a guide for future research and help inform management efforts for black ducks as well as other migratory species.

  3. Updating movement estimates for American black ducks (Anas rubripes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Orin J. Robinson

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Understanding migratory connectivity for species of concern is of great importance if we are to implement management aimed at conserving them. New methods are improving our understanding of migration; however, banding (ringing data is by far the most widely available and accessible movement data for researchers. Here, we use band recovery data for American black ducks (Anas rubripes from 1951–2011 and analyze their movement among seven management regions using a hierarchical Bayesian framework. We showed that black ducks generally exhibit flyway fidelity, and that many black ducks, regardless of breeding region, stopover or overwinter on the Atlantic coast of the United States. We also show that a non-trivial portion of the continental black duck population either does not move at all or moves to the north during the fall migration (they typically move to the south. The results of this analysis will be used in a projection modeling context to evaluate how habitat or harvest management actions in one region would propagate throughout the continental population of black ducks. This analysis may provide a guide for future research and help inform management efforts for black ducks as well as other migratory species.

  4. El ayer, el hoy y el mañana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Corredor Pardo Katya Anyud

    1999-12-01

    Full Text Available

    Culturalmente, el anciano de hoy en nuestra sociedad, o en las grandes urbes, es considerado algunas veces por los jóvenes como un ser extraño y desagradable, como punto de partida de los  valores transmitidos en la familia los cuales deben ser revaluados y nosotros, los ancianos del mañana con los ancianos de hoy, cambiar de adentro hacia fuera. A su vez, evitar la transmisión generacional de estos valores a nuestros hijos realizando un análisis retrospectivo de la vida; cuando bebes, se tiene conciencia del uno al otro, y los niños en edad preescolar empiezan a conseguir compañeros, pero el grupo de amigos se fortalece a partir de los cinco o siete años, con frecuencia se escucha hablar con nostalgia de la vida en el colegio. Este lugar común es grato y feliz, adornado con carcajadas y anécdotas que despiertan e incentivan la imaginación y la realidad creada a partir del propio yo social, individual y cultural.

  5. Surogasijas legalizēšanas tiesiskie aspekti

    OpenAIRE

    Ridere, Agnese

    2011-01-01

    Šī bakalaura darba tēma ir „Surogasijas legalizēšanas tiesiskie aspekti”. Šī darba mērķi ir noskaidrot kā ārvalstu normatīvajos aktos tiek regulēti jautājumi, saistībā ar surogasijas tiesisko regulējumu, vai pastāv pārnacionāla līmeņa regulējums attiecībā uz šiem jautājumiem, vai ir iespējams legalizēt surogasiju Latvijas Republikā un kādi ir nepieciešamie normatīvo aktu grozījumi. Šajā darbā tiek apkopota un analizēta Eiropas Savienības nostāja attiecībā uz surogasijas legalizēšanu Eiropa...

  6. Ecotourism: The Santa Elena Rainforest Project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wearing, Stephen

    1993-01-01

    Describes an ecotourism project in which the community of Santa Elena, Costa Rica, are developing a rainforest reserve on government land leased permanently to the local high school. Discusses the impact of the project on the community's economy and environment. (Contains 30 references.) (MDH)

  7. Contours--Offshore of Santa Barbara, California

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This part of SIM 3281 presents data for the bathymetric contours for several seafloor maps (see sheets 1, 2, 3, 7, 10, SIM 3281) of the Offshore of Santa Barbara map...

  8. Freshwater Fishes, Ilha de Santa Catarina, southern coastal drainage of the state of Santa Catarina, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bertaco, V. A.

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The ilha de Santa Catarina is situated in southern Brazil, Atlantic Forest, in the state of Santa Catarina,municipality of Florianópolis. Fish specimens were collected in 15 sampling points along the drainages of rio CórregoGrande, rio Palha, rio Ratones, rio Tavares, rio Vermelho, as well as in the channel of lagoa do Peri. Specimensbelonging to 16 species (one of them exotic were collected, distributed in 12 families and six orders.

  9. Projekts: Koka rotaļlietu ražošanas uzņēmuma "Wood toys factory" dibināšana

    OpenAIRE

    Čoičs, Andris

    2013-01-01

    Maģistra darba nosaukums ir „Projekts: Koka rotaļlietu ražošanas uzņēmuma „Wood toys factory” dibināšana”. Maģistra darba mērķis ir izveidot projektu jaundibināma uzņēmuma sekmīgas saimnieciskās darbības izvērtēšanai. Plānotā uzņēmuma pamatdarbības veids ir koka rotaļlietu ražošana, bērnu rotaļu laukumu ražošana un nestandarta koka konstrukciju ražošana. Darbā analizētais periods ir no 2013. gada aprīļa, līdz 2016. gada decembrim. Uzņēmuma plānotā koncepcija balstās uz ekoloģiski t...

  10. Preliminary geologic map of the Santa Barbara coastal plain area, Santa Barbara County, California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Minor, Scott A.; Kellogg, Karl S.; Stanley, Richard G.; Stone, Paul; Powell, Charles L.; Gurrola, Larry D.; Selting, Amy J.; Brandt, Theodore R.

    2002-01-01

    This report presents a new geologic digital map of the Santa Barbara coastal plain area at a compilation scale of 1:24,000 (one inch on the map = 2,000 feet on the ground) and with a horizontal positional accuracy of at least 20 m. This preliminary map depicts the distribution of bedrock units and surficial deposits and associated deformation underlying and adjacent to the coastal plain within the contiguous Santa Barbara and Goleta 7.5' quadrangles. A planned second version will extend the mapping westward into the adjoining Dos Pueblos Canyon quadrangle and eastward into the Carpinteria quadrangle. The mapping presented here results from the collaborative efforts of geologists with the U.S. Geological Survey Southern California Areal Mapping Project (SCAMP) (Minor, Kellogg, Stanley, Stone, and Powell) and the tectonic geomorphology research group at the University of California at Santa Barbara (Gurrola and Selting). C.L. Powell, II, performed all new fossil identifications and interpretations reported herein. T.R. Brandt designed and edited the GIS database,performed GIS database integration and created the digital cartography for the map layout. The Santa Barbara coastal plain is located in the western Transverse Ranges physiographic province along a west-trending segment of the southern California coastline about 100 km (62 mi) northwest of Los Angeles. The coastal plain region, which extends from the Santa Ynez Mountains on the north to the Santa Barbara Channel on the south, is underlain by numerous active and potentially active folds and partly buried thrust faults of the Santa Barbara fold and fault belt. Strong earthquakes that occurred in the region in 1925 (6.8 magnitude) and 1978 (5.1 magnitude) are evidence that such structures pose a significant earthquake hazard to the approximately 200,000 people living within the major coastal population centers of Santa Barbara and Goleta. Also, young landslide deposits along the steep lower flank of the Santa

  11. Apdrošināšanas krāpšana saistībā ar automašīnu zādzībām

    OpenAIRE

    Kalēja, Madara

    2013-01-01

    Apdrošināšanas krāpšana ir viena no nopietnākajām apdrošināšanas kompāniju problēmām ne tikai Latvijā, bet visā pasaulē, ar to tiek nodarīti milzīgi zaudējumi apdrošināšanas kompānijām. Apdrošināšanas krāpšanas novēršana ir nesaraujami saistīta gan ar ekonomisko situāciju valstī, gan indivīdu tiesiskās apziņas līmeni. Apdrošināšanas krāpšanas gadījumi, kas saistīti ar inscenētām automašīnu zādzībām, ir ar tendenci palielināties, pamatojoties uz vēlmi gūt materiālu labumu un atbrīvoties no fin...

  12. Mortality in the endangered Laysan teal, Anas laysanensis: conservation implications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reynolds, M.H.; Work, Thierry M.

    2005-01-01

    The Laysan Teal Anas laysanensis is an endangered anatid of the Hawaiian Islands, currently restricted to an emergent atoll, Laysan Island. Laysan Island lacks terrestrial mammalian predators, which permits the examination of mortality rates and causes without the anthropogenic effects of introduced predators. Mass and morophometrics were measured during the colour-marking of 297 Laysan Teal between 1998 and 2001. Intensive mark-resighting and recovery methods were used to estimate adult and juvenile mortality. One hundred and nineteen carcasses were collected on Laysan between 1998 and 2003, and systematic gross and microscopic examinations were undertaken on 63 of these. Causes of mortality were categorised as trauma, emaciation, miscellaneous or undetermined. Annual adult mortality rates were low, 0.05-0.10 (s.e. <0.01), but duckling mortality was much higher, varying from approximately 0.7-0.9 during 1998-2000 and 2003. Body condition of both sexes deteriorates during the breeding season, and most adult mortality (88%) occurred during or post-breeding (May-October). Cause of mortality was determined via necropsy in 22 ducks. Of three adults, one died from bacterial infections, one was egg bound, and one died from botulism concomitant with nematode infestation. Fourteen ducklings died from acute trauma, four from emaciation sometimes associated with nematode infection, and one from bacterial pneumonia Trauma is a significant factor in Laysan duckling mortalities, and elucidating the cause of and preventing such trauma may allow for management measures to enhance duckling survivability. High duckling mortality rates and emaciation also indicate that habitat on Laysan Island may have limited capacity to support broods.

  13. Türkiye’de Ana Arı Üretiminin Değerlendirilmesi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Murat EMİR

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Bu çalışmanın temel amacı, Türkiye'de ana arı üretiminin mevcut durumunu tespit etmektir. Bu amaç çerçevesinde ülkemiz ana arı üretim kapasitesi ve üreticilerin durumuna ilişkin çözümler önerilecektir. Çalışmanın ana veri kaynağı, Türkiye ve diğer ülkelerde yapılan ilgili çalışmalardır. Bu çalışma, bu alanda yapılan çalışmaları gözden geçirerek genel çıkarımlara ulaşmak için sentezlemiştir. Ana arının performansı koloni performansını etkilemektedir. Ana arının kalitesi, koloni bal veriminde son derece önemlidir. Türkiye'nin koloni başına bal verimi 2014 yılında sadece 14 kg olurken, düşük verimin önemli nedenlerinden biri ana arı faktörüdür. Bakanlık tarafından yetkilendirilmiş 104 ana arı üreticisinin toplam yıllık kapasitesi 351 bin adettir. Bu üreticiler, ülkenin 28 ilinde faaliyet göstermektedirler. Türkiye genelinde yedi milyonu aşan koloni bulunmasından dolayı mevcut üreticilerin yıllık 351 bin ana arı üretim kapasitesi yeterli olmamaktadır. Türkiye’de ana arı üreticilerinin teknik ve ekonomik faaliyetlerini içeren işletme düzeyinde çalışma bulunmamaktadır. Ayrıca ana arı üretiminde üretici unsurları ve kalitesi konusunda yeterince çalışma mevcut değildir. Bunun yanında mevcut ana arı üretim işletmelerinin kapasitelerini artırabilme kabiliyeti ve sermaye gereksinimi üzerine çalışmalar bulunmamaktadır. Belirtilen ihtiyaca mevcut ana arı üreticilerinin kapasite artırım eğilimleri ve mevcut arıcılık işletmelerinin ana arı üreticiliği için ihtiyaç duyacağı ilave yatırım maliyetinin hesaplanması ile veriye dayalı yanıt aranmalıdır.

  14. Bancos de Dados Meteorológicos: Análise dos Metadados das Estações Meteorológicas no Estado de Santa Catarina, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz Fernando de Novaes Vianna

    Full Text Available Resumo O objetivo desse trabalho foi avaliar os metadados das estações meteorológicas no estado de Santa Catarina com base nas recomendações da Organização Mundial de Meteorologia (OMM. Os metadados das estações foram obtidos, via internet, nos sítios do Instituto Nacional de Meteorologia (INMET, do Agritempo, da Agência Nacional de Águas (ANA e diretamente da Empresa de Pesquisa Agropecuária e Extensão Rural de Santa Catarina (Epagri. Os resultados demonstraram que os metadados disponíveis para as estações meteorológicas que cobrem o Estado de Santa Catarina não atendem integralmente às recomendações da WMO. Foram identificados problemas nos processos de codificação e georreferenciamento das estações, no cadastro em relação à responsabilidade institucional pelas estações, problemas de inconsistência cadastral entre estações presentes em mais de um banco de dados e incertezas relacionadas à posição geográfica das estações.

  15. The Old Spanish Days Fiesta in Santa Barbara, California: Cultural Hybridity, Colonial Mythologies and the Romanticization of a Latino Heritage

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patricia Ann Hardwick

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Old Spanish Days Fiesta is a tradition that was invented in 1924 by civic leaders in Santa Barbara, California to celebrate the periods of the Spanish settlement and the Mexican rule of California and to promote local tourism. This article will trace the historical narrative of the complex cultural and ethnic composition of Santa Barbara before interrogating the colonial and post-colonial histories of the Californian past that are so often romanticized during the events of the Santa Barbara Fiesta. Subsequent to the American appropriation of California, Anglo-American ideas of race and identity were imposed upon Latino Californians. This development led many Spanish-speaking Californians to cultivate a Spanish identity and de-emphasize their Mexican, Native American, or African ancestry as they attempted to maintain their land grants and social prominence under American rule. Official versions of Santa Barbara’s past promoted by Santa Barbara’s civic leaders and Old Spanish Days Fiesta literature tend to privilege romanticized historical interpretations that submerge and absorb California’s hybrid ethnic and cultural histories into an idealized Spanish colonial narrative. This article explores how many individual Santa Barbara Fiesteros choose to engage, negotiate, and/or subvert this simplified official civic narrative of Santa Barbara’s Spanish past through their own personal performances during the Fiesta. An analysis of how local festival participants envision their performance in the context of the festival allows outsiders to have a glimpse into how they create and embody their own personal and nuanced understandings of history during the Fiesta.

  16. La subjetividad internacional de la Santa Sede

    OpenAIRE

    Mosquera Monelos, Susana

    2014-01-01

    Presentamos el caso de la subjetividad internacional de la Santa Sede como un ejemplo que nos permita afrontar un nuevo enfoque del concepto de sujeto para el derecho internacional. El cumplimiento de los requisitos clásicos de la subjetividad internacional se ha visto superado por la fuerza creadora del derecho que nuevos sujetos internacionales han impulsado: ONG, sociedad civil, transnacionales, sujetos atípicos. Analizando el mecanismo de atribución de personalidad internacional de la San...

  17. Satelīttelevīzijas kodēšana

    OpenAIRE

    Beļajeva, Lidija

    2010-01-01

    Bakalaura darbs ir veltīts satelīttelevīzijas signāla kodēšanas izpētīšanai. Tiek apskatītās populārākās kodēšanas metodes, kurus lieto mūsdienā, kā arī nelegālās TV kanālu pieejas problēma. Darba mērķis ir sniegt satelīttelevīzijas kodēšanas attēlojumu un izpētīt to no legālas un nelegālas puses.

  18. Veinte años de investigaciones alrededor de Doñana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arambarri, Pablo

    1998-10-01

    Full Text Available Not available.La rotura de la balsa de decantado de lodos de la empresa Boliden-Apirsa en Aznalcóllar ha demostrado que el Parque Nacional de Doñana está indefenso ante accidentes de gran calibre, que deben prevenirse. Doñana no puede permanecer aislada ni ajena al territorio que la rodea, pero sí debe estar protegida por suficientes medios descontaminantes, sistemas de alarma en tiempo real, planes de emergencia operativos y estudios y proyectos I+D como sean necesarios para evitar percances como el ocurrido, que ponen en terrible peligro su propia existencia.

  19. A coordinated set of ecosystem research platforms open to international research in ecotoxicology, AnaEE-France.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mougin, Christian; Azam, Didier; Caquet, Thierry; Cheviron, Nathalie; Dequiedt, Samuel; Le Galliard, Jean-François; Guillaume, Olivier; Houot, Sabine; Lacroix, Gérard; Lafolie, François; Maron, Pierre-Alain; Michniewicz, Radika; Pichot, Christian; Ranjard, Lionel; Roy, Jacques; Zeller, Bernd; Clobert, Jean; Chanzy, André

    2015-10-01

    The infrastructure for Analysis and Experimentation on Ecosystems (AnaEE-France) is an integrated network of the major French experimental, analytical, and modeling platforms dedicated to the biological study of continental ecosystems (aquatic and terrestrial). This infrastructure aims at understanding and predicting ecosystem dynamics under global change. AnaEE-France comprises complementary nodes offering access to the best experimental facilities and associated biological resources and data: Ecotrons, seminatural experimental platforms to manipulate terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, in natura sites equipped for large-scale and long-term experiments. AnaEE-France also provides shared instruments and analytical platforms dedicated to environmental (micro) biology. Finally, AnaEE-France provides users with data bases and modeling tools designed to represent ecosystem dynamics and to go further in coupling ecological, agronomical, and evolutionary approaches. In particular, AnaEE-France offers adequate services to tackle the new challenges of research in ecotoxicology, positioning its various types of platforms in an ecologically advanced ecotoxicology approach. AnaEE-France is a leading international infrastructure, and it is pioneering the construction of AnaEE (Europe) infrastructure in the field of ecosystem research. AnaEE-France infrastructure is already open to the international community of scientists in the field of continental ecotoxicology.

  20. Personāla vadīšanas pilnveidošana organizācijā SIA "AXON CABLE"

    OpenAIRE

    Malāne, Jekaterina

    2013-01-01

    Bakalaura darba „Personāla vadīšanas pilnveidošana organizācijā SIA „AXON CABLE”” mērķis ir, balstoties uz uzņēmuma „AXON CABLE” personāla vadīšanas izpēti, izstrādāt priekšlikumus tās pilnveidošanai. Bakalaura darbs sastāv no trim nodaļām. Pirmajā nodaļā ir izpētīta personālvadības vieta uzņēmuma stratēģijā, raksturotas personālvadības funkcijas. Otrajā nodaļā ir sniegts uzņēmuma darbības, vīzijas, misijas, struktūras, darba satura raksturojums. Trešajā nodaļā veikts pētījums par personāl...

  1. Reconnaissance Report for Navigation Improvements (Reduction of Shoaling) at Santa Cruz Harbor Santa Cruz County, California

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-05-01

    Central California Coast. Ghost Town Publications, Canmel CA 93921. Rickets , Edward F., Jack Calvin & Joel W. Hedgepeth. 1985. Between Pacific Tides...banning of DDT, birds have begun to return in force. The brown pelican now breeds in waters of southern California and Mexico and migrate into the Santa

  2. Mixteco de Santa Maria Penoles, Oaxaca (Mixtec of Santa Maria Penoles, Oaxaca).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mexico Coll. (Mexico City)

    This document is one of 17 volumes on indigenous Mexican languages and is the result of a project undertaken Archivo de Lenguas Indigenas de Mexico. This volume contains information on Mixtec, an indigenous language of Mexico spoken in Santa Maria Penoles in the state of Oaxaca. The objective of collecting such a representative sampling of the…

  3. Chocho de Santa Catarina Ocotlan, Oaxaca (Chocho of Santa Catarina Ocotlan, Oaxaca).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mexico Coll. (Mexico City)

    This document is one of 17 volumes on indigenous Mexican languages and is the result of a project undertaken by the Archivo de Lenguas Indigenas de Mexico. This volume contains information on Chocho, an indigenous language of Mexico spoken in Santa Catarina Ocotlan, in the state of Oaxaca. The objective of collecting such a representative sampling…

  4. Composition and size class structure of tree species in Ihang'ana ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Ihang'ana Forest Reserve is part of the Udzungwa Mountains ecosystem that falls under the Eastern Arc Mountains (EAM). Previous plant biodiversity studies in this ecosystem concentrated on large-sized Forest Reserves of greater than 20,000 ha (FR) such as the Uzungwa Scarp ignoring small-sized forests of less than ...

  5. Atzīšanas vēlmju komunikācija Youtube vlogos

    OpenAIRE

    Antonova, Kristīne

    2017-01-01

    Mūsdienās sociālajiem medijiem jauniešu dzīvē ir neatņemama loma. Vecuma posmā, kad viena no pamatvajadzībām pašapzināšanās norisē ir atzīšana no citiem, Youtube un šobrīd gan ārzemēs, gan Latvijā aktuālā vlogošana var kalpot par vienu no veidiem, kā to iegūt ļoti plašā un personību ietekmējošā veidā. Bakalaura darba „Atzīšanas vēlmju komunikācija Youtube vlogos” galvenā pētāmā problēma ir vlogošanas ietekme un nozīme pusaudža attīstības un pašapzināšanās procesā. Darbā tiek pētīts, kā pusaud...

  6. Slenga tulkošanas aspekti televīzijas seriālos

    OpenAIRE

    Vēbere, Ilze

    2015-01-01

    Maģistra darbā ir apskatīts un analizēts slenga lietojums un tulkojums televīzijas seriālos. Darba mērķis ir apzināt slenga tulkošanas aspektus un problēmas, kā arī analizēt televīzijas seriālā “Modern Family” lietotos slengismus un to tulkojumus, lai noteiktu, kas jāievēro, tulkojot slenga vārdus televīzijas seriālos. Darbā ņemta vērā audiovizuālo tekstu tulkošanas specifika. Pētījuma teorētiskajā daļā aplūkota tulkošanas definīcija, kā arī aprakstīta audiovizuālo tekstu tulkošana kā atseviš...

  7. Seeking explanations for recent changes in abundance of wintering Eurasian Wigeon (Anas penelope) in northwest Europe

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fox, Anthony David; Dalby, Lars; Christensen, Thomas Kjær

    2016-01-01

    We analysed annual changes in abundance of Eurasian Wigeon (Anas penelope) derived from mid-winter International Waterbird Census data throughout its northwest European flyway since 1988 using log-linear Poisson regression modelling. Increases in abundance in the north and east of the wintering...

  8. Seasonal variation in Eurasian Wigeon Anas penelope sex and age ratios from hunter-based surveys

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Clausen, Kevin Kuhlmann; Dalby, Lars; Sunde, Peter

    2013-01-01

    schemes. This study found consistent seasonal variation in Eurasian Wigeon Anas penelope sex and age ratios among Danish hunter-based wing surveys, and describes how accounting for this variation might explain reported discrepancies between this and other monitoring methods. Early season flocks were...

  9. Braukšanas maršruta optimizācija

    OpenAIRE

    Nire, Eva

    2008-01-01

    Bakalaura darbs veltīts braukšanas maršruta analīzei ar mērķi optimizēt braukšanas laiku. Braukšanas maršruts tiek optimizēts izmantojot Dijkstras algoritmu, braukšanas laiku ietekmējošos faktorus un navigācijas programmu „Autoroute” (Europe). Aprakstītās metodes ir pielietotas konkrēta maršruta optimizācijai un salīdzinot iegūtos rezultātus ir pierādīts – īsākais ceļš ne vienmēr ir ātrākais. Atslēgvārdi: īsākā ceļa problēma, Dijkstras algoritms, maršruta optimizācija....

  10. OBJETOS SIMBÓLICOS EN LA NARRATIVA DE ANA MARÍA MATUTE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiaojie Cai (Capital Normal University, Beijin

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Neste aritigo, está esboçado o simbolismo pessoal que faz Ana Maria Matute em objetos cotidianos e materiais. Através de análise da caracterização que transmitem imagens como a ilha, o boneco, o teatro de bonecos, o fogo, a torre e a pedra azul, está realizada uma sistematização de simbolismo na narrativa de Matute e revela uma faceta fundamental e novel da poética da escritora.PALAVRAS-CHAVE: Ana María Matute, Simbolismo, Metáforas, Alegorias, Objetos Materiais. Resumen  En este artículo se reseña el simbolismo personal que elabora Ana María Matute sobre objetos cotidianos y materiales. Por medio del análisis de la caracterización que transmiten imágenes como la isla, el muñeco, el teatro de marionetas, el fuego, la torre y la piedra azul, se realiza una sistematización del simbolismo en la narrativa de Matute y se revela una faceta fundamental y novedosa de la poética de la escritora. PALABRAS CLAVE: Ana María Matute, Simbolismo, Metáforas, Alegorías, Objetos Materiales. 

  11. composition and size class structure of tree species in ihang'ana ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    nb

    R. lucida. R. m ela nop hlo eos. R . vulg aris. P.e xcelsa. N . florib und a. Plant species. D. B. H s ize s. Figure 5: Population structure and DBH size class distribution. (a) The DBH size class distribution for all trees and (b) Average. DBH size classes for the 14 most dominant tree species,. Ihang'ana Forest Reserve, Tanzania.

  12. PRECENCIA DE LOS NEGROS EN SANTA MARTA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edgar Rey Sinning

    2002-08-01

    Full Text Available Partimos de señalar que las investigaciones sobre los negros en la Provincia de Santa Marta, son escasas; sin embargo, podemos afirmar que dos trabajos dan cuenta de su presencia en la ciudad y en todo su territorio. El primero, de ellos es la reciente publicación sobre la esclavitud entre los años 1791- 1851, de Dolcey Romero Jaramillo que revisa el papel de los negros en dicha provincia y ciudad. El otro es nuestro estudio sobre 10s negros llegados a Santa Marta desde el Departamento de Bolívar, en la década de los 80 del siglo pasado, titulado "Cristo Rey: Un Espacio para permanecer en el Tiempo". El presente artículo elabora una cronología de la presencia de los negros esclavos que llegaron a Santa Marta desde 1525, año de su fundación. Se señala cómo durante los primeros años se fueron autorizando dos (2 esclavos negros para algunas personas importantes, destinados a1 servicio doméstico. Política que se comienza a modificar a partir de 1535, cuando se le autorizan cien (100 esclavos al Gobernador Pedro Fernández de Lugo, y desde entonces, es importante su presencia en oficios varios, sobre todo en las actividades de las haciendas cercanas a Santa Marta, hasta el siglo XIX. A finales de ese siglo y comienzos del XX, es significativa su vinculación a] muelle -más tarde puerto-, como "muelleros" o "portuarios", asumiendo la responsabilidad de garantizar las actividades de carga y descarga del puerto samario. Igualmente se muestra su papel determinante en la construcción de las líneas férreas que unirían a la ciudad-puerto con la "Zona Bananera". Es para esta última actividad, que se traen negros desde Jamaica conocidos como "yumecas", llamados "yumecas" por los samarios.

  13. Mujeres Latinas--Santas y Marquesas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arredondo, Patricia

    2002-11-01

    This presidential address is a conceptualization and application of psychohistorical and mestizo psychology frameworks to address gender and ethnic identity conflicts for contemporary Latinas. Connections are made between historical and cultural icons and Latina literature of the 21st century with protagonists who give voice to the struggles of acculturated and self-empowered women. Spanish terms are used to communicate and give emphasis to the Latino landscape. The article comes to conclusion with personal reflections about María Morales de Zaldívar, or Mamá, the author's grandmother, who embodies the santa y marquesa life script.

  14. Un ensayo de Elisa Mujica: Santa Teresa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elisa Mújica

    1980-06-01

    Full Text Available Santa Teresa de Avila empezó a escribir El Castillo Interior o Las Moradas el 2 de junio de 1577. Lo terminó el 29 de noviembre del mismo año, o sea poco menos de seis meses más tarde. El increíble plazo todavía se acorta por la interrupción de varias semanas a consecuencia de un viaje de Toledo a Avila, efectuado por la autora. Entonces tocaba a su fin la lucha para implantar la Reforma carmelita, entre intrigas, críticas e incomprensiones de toda clase.

  15. New dinosaur fossils from ANA locality, Arcillas de Morella Formation (Aptian, Lower Cretaceous, Cinctorres, Spain)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santos-Cubedo, A.; de Santisteban, C.; Suñer, M.; Galobart, A.

    2009-04-01

    Ana is one of the several dinosaur bone sites located in the Arcillas de Morella Formation (Aptian, Lower Cretaceous; eastern Iberian Chain, Spain). This site was discovered in 1998, but it remained unexcavated until 2002, when a palaeontologist team formed by members of the Institut Paleontología Miquel Crusafont from Sabadell and the Grup Guix from Vila-real unearthed the first fossil from the locality. Nowadays there are five hundred fossils collected, including vertebrate and invertebrate species. Dinosaur bones (Theropoda and Ornithopoda) are abundant in this assemblage and in the last field season bones determined as Sauropoda were found. Taxonomically, Ana is dominated by disarticulated remains of Ornithopoda, which are usually fragmentary and abraded. Many of the elements may have been reworked (spatial averaging and/or time averaging), and the fossil concentration constitutes an autochthonous to parautochthonous association, in a spatial sense. The remains found in the Ana fossils site are placed in sandstones and limes containing marine autochthonous fauna. These deposits were formed during the transgressive infilling of an incised valley. Sedimentological features indicate that fossils were finally deposited in starved shallow estuarine environment. Mineralogically, the sediment including the fossils contains grains of quartz, illite/mica, kaolinite/clorite, K-feldspar and plagioclase, distributed in two mainly grain populations, a silty-clay and a coarse sand size grain, indicating that the sediments were bedded in a low-medium energy depositional environment. Nowadays we identified in Ana, teeth of Theropoda indet. and Baryonychinae indet., and bones of Iguanodon sp. Herein, we report new fossil findings from Ana site. These materials have been determined as Iguanodontia, Titanosauriformes and Theropoda. These new findings will help to understand the dinosaur fauna present in the Lower Cretaceous of Els Ports (Castellón, Spain). Acknowledgments This

  16. "Santa Maria" forever : Eesti ja Portugali kirjandussuhetest / Toomas Haug

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Haug, Toomas, 1956-

    2012-01-01

    Jaanuaris 1961 Portugali diktaatorlikule režiimile protestiks kaaperdatud laevast "Santa Maria", mis sai omamoodi vabaduse ja vastuhaku sümboliks ka okupeeritud Eestis. Artiklis käsitletakse sellest sündmusest mõjutatud teoseid, täpsemalt Aleksander Suumanni maali "Santa Maria" ja Paul-Eerik Rummo samanimelist luuletust

  17. 27 CFR 9.126 - Santa Clara Valley.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ...), photoinspected 1973; (8) Loma Prieta, Calif., 1955 (photorevised 1968); (9) Los Gatos, Calif., 1953 (photorevised... boundary) approx. 7 miles until it converges with Los Trancos Creek (Santa Clara County/San Mateo County... along Los Trancos Creek (Santa Clara County/San Mateo County boundary) until it intersects the 600 foot...

  18. 27 CFR 9.31 - Santa Cruz Mountains.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ..., California—San Mateo County”; (9) “La Honda Quadrangle, California—San Mateo County”; (10) “Laurel Quadrangle..., California—San Mateo County”; (18) “San Mateo Quadrangle, California—San Mateo County”; (19) “Santa Teresa... Quadrangle, California—San Mateo County”; and (24) One 5 × 11 minute series map entitled: “Santa Cruz...

  19. "Santa Maria" forever : Eesti ja Portugali kirjandussuhetest / Toomas Haug

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Haug, Toomas, 1956-

    2015-01-01

    Jaanuaris 1961 Portugali diktaatorlikule režiimile protestiks kaaperdatud laevast "Santa Maria", mis sai omamoodi vabaduse ja vastuhaku sümboliks ka okupeeritud Eestis. Artiklis käsitletakse sellest sündmusest mõjutatud teoseid, täpsemalt Aleksander Suumanni maali "Santa Maria" ja Paul-Eerik Rummo samanimelist luuletust

  20. Physical, mechanical and chemical properties of plums (cv. Santa ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The effect of AVG (Aminoethoxyvinylglycine) treatments on some physical, mechanical and chemical properties of plum fruits (cv. Santa Rosa) were determined. Materials and Methods: For this research, the plant material 'Santa Rosa' plum (Prunus salicina L.) fruits were obtained in Tokat/Turkey (39o51' N and 40o55' E), ...

  1. 46 CFR 7.115 - Santa Catalina Island, CA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Santa Catalina Island, CA. 7.115 Section 7.115 Shipping... Coast § 7.115 Santa Catalina Island, CA. (a) A line drawn from the northernmost point of Lion Head to the north tangent of Bird Rock Island; thence to the northernmost point of Blue Cavern Point. (b) A...

  2. Comportamiento del asma bronquial en adolescentes tratados en el Policlínico Universitario "Ana Betancourt" Course of bronchial asthma in adolescents seen in "Ana Betancourt" University Polyclinic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tatiana de la Vega Pazitková

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: el asma infantil representa una entidad que aún no ha logrado ser bien definida y delimitada, lo que establece variadas interpretaciones de su epidemiología, diagnóstico y, consecuentemente de su tratamiento. Objetivos: estimar la prevalencia global de asma en adolescentes tratados en consultorios médicos de familia del Policlínico Universitario "Ana Betancourt". Métodos: se realizó un estudio descriptivo, de corte transversal, que incluyó a 81 adolescentes de ambos sexos con edades entre 11 y 18 años, pertenecientes a dos consultorios médicos de familia del Grupo Básico de Trabajo No. 2, del Policlínico Universitario "Ana Betancourt", del municipio Playa, en el período comprendido entre enero de 2006 y enero de 2007. Como herramienta de trabajo se utilizó el cuestionario: The International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood, instrumento validado internacionalmente. Resultados: la cifra total de asmáticos ascendió a 52 adolescentes con un discreto predominio del sexo masculino y de los casos ligeros de la enfermedad, para una prevalencia global de 64,1 %. Se encontró un subregistro de 20,9 %. Conclusiones: en ambos consultorios se constata una elevada prevalencia de asma bronquial en la población de adolescentes con mayor afectación en los varones. Los pacientes exhiben mayoritariamente las formas ligeras de la enfermedad. Se encuentra un importante subregistro para el asma bronquial en los adolescentes tratados en el Policlínico Universitario "Ana Betancourt"Introduction: the bronchial asthma is a even defined entity establishing some interpretations of its epidemiology, diagnosis and consequently of its treatment. Objectives: to estimate the global prevalence of asthma in adolescents seen in family medical consulting rooms from "Ana Betancourt" University Polyclinic. Methods: a descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted including 81 adolescents of both sexes aged between 11 and 18 from family

  3. Pro-ana versus Pro-recovery: A Content Analytic Comparison of Social Media Users' Communication about Eating Disorders on Twitter and Tumblr.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Branley, Dawn B; Covey, Judith

    2017-01-01

    Objectives: To compare how people communicate about eating disorders on two popular social media platforms - Twitter and Tumblr. Materials and Methods: Thematic analysis was conducted to characterize the types of communications posted, and a content analysis was undertaken of between-platform differences. Results: Three types of content (pro-ana, anti-ana, and pro-recovery) were posted on each platform. Overall, across both platforms, extreme pro-ana posts were in the minority compared to anti-ana and pro-recovery. Pro-ana posts (including 'thinspiration') were more common on Twitter than Tumblr, whereas anti-ana and pro-recovery posts were more common on Tumblr. Conclusion: The findings have implications for future research and health care relating to the treatment and prevention of eating disorders. Developers of future interventions targeting negative pro-ana content should remain aware of the need to avoid any detrimental impact on positive online support.

  4. Pro-ana versus Pro-recovery: A Content Analytic Comparison of Social Media Users’ Communication about Eating Disorders on Twitter and Tumblr

    Science.gov (United States)

    Branley, Dawn B.; Covey, Judith

    2017-01-01

    Objectives: To compare how people communicate about eating disorders on two popular social media platforms – Twitter and Tumblr. Materials and Methods: Thematic analysis was conducted to characterize the types of communications posted, and a content analysis was undertaken of between-platform differences. Results: Three types of content (pro-ana, anti-ana, and pro-recovery) were posted on each platform. Overall, across both platforms, extreme pro-ana posts were in the minority compared to anti-ana and pro-recovery. Pro-ana posts (including ‘thinspiration’) were more common on Twitter than Tumblr, whereas anti-ana and pro-recovery posts were more common on Tumblr. Conclusion: The findings have implications for future research and health care relating to the treatment and prevention of eating disorders. Developers of future interventions targeting negative pro-ana content should remain aware of the need to avoid any detrimental impact on positive online support. PMID:28848472

  5. Santa Ana River Main Stem Including Santiago Creek, Counties of Orange, Riverside, and San Bernardino, California. Phase I General Design Memorandum. Main Report and Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-09-01

    environmental groups supported the EQ alternative. In the river-mouth area, there was much public sentiment toward having large amounts of land set aside for open...airport, and up to 5,000 acres (50 percent of’ the basin) of’ riparian-type woodland vegetation. The basin is an oasis of solitude and open space, and a...to water quality and fisheries impacts in the lake. Power boating and water skiing may disrupt the basin solitude . Environmental aspects of proposed

  6. South Fork of the Santa Clara River, Santa Clarita Valley, California. Supplement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-01-01

    well as from the Miocene Topanga sandstone and the Modelo shale found near the crest of the Santa Susana Mountains in Aliso and Rice Canyons. Fossil...ground squirrel. The woodland habitat provides excellent habitat for wildlife in the project area, particularly hole nesting species such as plain...coyote (Canis latrans), dusky-footed woodrat (Neotoma fuscipes), and California ground squirrel. The woodland habitat provides excellent habitat for

  7. Computer Security: a plea to Santa Claus

    CERN Multimedia

    Stefan Lueders, Computer Security Team

    2015-01-01

    Running pirated software or illegal licences, using cracking tools to bypass software activation measures, sharing music and films – these are problems that academic environments unfortunately have to deal with. All violate the copyright of the software/music/film owners, and copyright owners are not Santa Claus...    CERN, like other research organisations and universities, regularly receives allegations from external companies complaining about laptops or PCs running illegal software or sharing their films, videos or music with peers – and thus violating copyright.  Usually, we then contact the owners of the corresponding devices in order to understand whether these allegations are true. Very often such allegations boil down to a laptop whose owner replies “I confirm that a torrent client was left up and running on my device by mistake” or “This is a file that is stored on my personal hard disk.” As if those allegatio...

  8. Portugali saadik : Venemaaga räägime kõigest / Ana Paula Zacarias ; interv. Raimo Poom

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Zacarias, Ana Paula

    2007-01-01

    Euroopa Liidu uue eesistujamaa Portugali suursaadik Eestis Ana Paula Zacarias Euroopa Liidu välispoliitika kujundamise põhimõtetest, suhetest Venemaaga, tööst EL-i põhiseaduslepingut asendava reformilepinguga

  9. Zabbix uzraudzības sistēmas ieviešana un optimizācija

    OpenAIRE

    Smilga, Jānis

    2013-01-01

    Darbā „Zabbix uzraudzības ieviešana un optimizācija” stāstīts par Zabbix pārraudzības rīka ieviešanu Valsts Ieņēmumu Dienesta Infrastruktūras uzturēšanas nodaļā. Darbā dokumentēts esošas Zabbix sistēmas novērtējums, pārraudzības risinājuma ieviešanas plānojums, ieviešanas process. Darba rezultātā, tika realizēta Valsts Ieņēmumu Dienesta infrastruktūras iekārtu uzraudzība. Atslēgas vārdi: Zabbix, pārraudzība, infrastruktūra, Valsts Ieņēmumu Dienests....

  10. Laysan Teal (Anas laysanensis) Microsatellite DNA Data; Laysan Island 1999-2009, Midway Atoll 2007-2010

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — The geographically closed, non-migratory populations of endangered Laysan Teal (Anas laysanensis) were sampled in the wild. This species was once widespread across...

  11. Antibodies to Mycobacterium bovis in wild carnivores from Doñana National Park (Spain).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martín-Atance, P; León-Vizcaíno, L; Palomares, F; Revilla, E; González-Candela, M; Calzada, J; Cubero-Pablo, M J; Delibes, M

    2006-07-01

    We conducted a retrospective serologic survey for antibodies against the MPB70 protein of Mycobacterium bovis in wild carnivores from Doñana National Park (southwestern Spain). Serum samples from 118 red foxes (Vulpes vulpes), 39 Iberian lynx (Lynx pardinus), 31 Eurasian badgers (Meles meles), five Egyptian mongoose (Herpestes ichneumon), four European genet (Genetta genetta), and one Eurasian otter (Lutra lutra) were analyzed using an indirect competitive enzyme-linked immunoassay. Antibodies against the MPB70 protein of M. bovis were detected in seven badgers, five foxes, and one lynx. The frequency of positive animals was significantly higher in badger (23%) than in lynx (3%) and fox (4%). Antibodies were not detected in other species. Annual antibody frequency peaked at 38% in badgers and 11% for red fox. These species may contribute to persistence of bovine tuberculosis in Doñana.

  12. OBJETOS SIMBÓLICOS EN LA NARRATIVA DE ANA MARÍA MATUTE

    OpenAIRE

    Xiaojie Cai (Capital Normal University, Beijin); Ascensión Rivas Hernández (Universidad de Salamanca)

    2013-01-01

    Neste aritigo, está esboçado o simbolismo pessoal que faz Ana Maria Matute em objetos cotidianos e materiais. Através de análise da caracterização que transmitem imagens como a ilha, o boneco, o teatro de bonecos, o fogo, a torre e a pedra azul, está realizada uma sistematização de simbolismo na narrativa de Matute e revela uma faceta fundamental e novel da poética da escritora.PALAVRAS-CHAVE: Ana María Matute, Simbolismo, Metáforas, Alegorias, Objetos Materiais. Resumen  En este artículo se ...

  13. Intellectual Property as a Drive for Sustainable Medical Tourism – The Ana Aslan case

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bolos Mihaela Daciana

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available The present paper studies the way intellectual property rights may encourage sustainable medical tourism, meaning the advantages that a patent, traditional knowledge, a trademark, or other IP right may offer to a hospital in order to attract foreign patients. The analysis is done trough the Institute of Gerontology and Geriatrics “Ana Aslan” case study, seen not from a medical point of view but from the perspective of the intellectual property importance for the development of medical tourism. The Institute of Gerontology and Geriatrics “Ana Aslan” was founded in 1952 and become an international renowned center in the study and the diminishing of old age effects. Many celebrities (artist and state presidents came to receive treatment here, even though Romania had, at that time, a communist regime.

  14. Efficiency strategies in building conservation in natural protected areas. The experience of Doñana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José María Rincón Calderón

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available It is remarkable the amount of buildings that have existed and still exist in Doñana. These constructions, which are very diverse, are examples of the local identity. Some have been lost, but others are in a process of degradation that raises the question of building conservation in a unique natural environment. In this paper, the available information on the current state of the Doñana built heritage is compiled, updated and completed. The geographical distribution structure of the buildings’ locations is also analyzed. This study verifies how these buildings have evolved throughout the park history to the condition we see now, how they have been useful to their inhabitants in this environment, how they have performed their roles of sheltering and protecting men, and how they could face the future using the same strategies they have developed to survive until our day.

  15. Vegāna identitātes iegūšana un pilnveidošana caur ikdienas praksēm

    OpenAIRE

    Gleizde, Indra

    2013-01-01

    Bakalaura darbā „Vegāna identitātes iegūšana un pilnveidošana caur ikdienas praksēm,” tiek apskatīta problēma, ka ētiskā vegānisma principu - nedarīt nekādas darbības, kas varētu būt saistītas ar dzīvnieku ekspluatāciju, - dzīvē pilnībā īstenot ir gandrīz neiespējami, taču neskatoties uz to, Latvijas ētiskie vegāni spēj uzturēt savas identitātes apziņu. Kā galveno teorētisko ietvaru izmantojot Fredrika Bārta etnisko grupu robežu teoriju un Pītera Burka identitātes kontroles teoriju, darbā ...

  16. Experimental infection with low and high pathogenicity H7N3 Chilean avian influenza viruses in Chiloe wigeon (Anas sibilatrix) and cinnamon teal (Anas cyanoptera).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sá e Silva, Mariana; Mathieu-Benson, Christian; Kwon, Yong-Kuk; Pantin-Jackwood, Mary; Swayne, David E

    2011-09-01

    Two different wild duck species common in Chile and neighboring countries, Chiloe wigeon (Anas sibilatrix) and cinnamon teal (Anas cyanoptera), were intranasally inoculated with 10(6) mean embryo infective dose (EID50) of the H7N3 low pathogenicity (LP) avian influenza virus (AIV) (A/chicken/Chile/176822/02) or high pathogenicity (HP) AIV (A/chicken/Chile/ 184240-1/02), in order to study the infectivity and pathobiology of these viruses. None of the virus-inoculated ducks had clinical signs or died, but most seroconverted by 14 days postinoculation (DPI), indicating a productive virus infection. Both LPAIV and HPAIV were isolated from oral swabs from two of six Chiloe wigeons and from oral and/or cloacal swabs from all five of the cinnamon teal at 2 DPI. Both LPAIV and HPAIV were efficiently transmitted to cinnamon teal contacts but not to Chiloe wigeon contacts. This study demonstrates that the cinnamon teal and Chiloe wigeons were susceptible to infection with both Chilean H7N3 LPAIV and HPAIV, but only the cinnamon teal showed contact transmission of the virus between birds, suggesting that the cinnamon teal has the potential to be a reservoir for these viruses, especially the LPAIV, as was demonstrated in 2001 with isolation of a genetically related H7N3 LPAIV strain in a cinnamon teal in Bolivia. However, the definitive source of the H7N3 Chilean LPAIV still remains unknown.

  17. SantaPark Oy:n asiakastyytyväisyyskysely

    OpenAIRE

    Välitalo, Marjut; Taipale, Hanna

    2011-01-01

    Opinnäytetyömme tarkoitus oli selvittää SantaPark Oy:n asiakkaiden taustatietoja ja heidän kokemuksiaan SantaParkista. Opinnäytetyön toimeksiantajana toimi SantaPark Oy, joka on Rovaniemellä Napapiirin tuntumassa sijaitseva vuonna 1998 avattu elämyspuisto. Selvitys tehtiin rajahaastattelun avulla, kvantitatiivisena tutkimuksena. Tutkimus suoritettiin kyselylomakkeella, johon oli lisätty avoimia kysymyksiä täydentämään vastauksia. Tutkimusaineisto kerättiin heinäkuun 2011 – elokuun 2011 väl...

  18. AnaWEGE: a weather generator based on analogues of atmospheric circulation

    OpenAIRE

    Yiou, P.

    2014-01-01

    This paper presents a stochastic weather generator based on analogues of circulation (AnaWEGE). Analogues of circulation have been a promising paradigm to analyse climate variability and its extremes. The weather generator uses precomputed analogues of sea-level pressure over the North Atlantic. The stochastic rules of the generator constrain the continuity in time of the simulations. The generator then simulates spatially coherent time series of a climate variable, drawn fr...

  19. Complete mitochondrial genome of the Baikal teal Anas formosa (Aves, Anseriformes, Anatidae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ryu, Shi Hyun; Hwang, Ui Wook

    2011-08-01

    The Baikal teal Anas formosa (Aves, Anseriformes, Anatidae) is classified as "Vulnerable" on the IUCN Red List. Here, whole mitochondrial genome of A. formosa was amplified and sequenced. The total length of the Baikal teal mitochondrial genome is 16,594 bp, which consists of 13 protein-coding, 2 rRNA, 22 tRNA genes and 1 control region. The characteristics of the mitochondrial genomes were analyzed and discussed in detail.

  20. Reproduktīvās klonēšanas ētiskie aspekti.

    OpenAIRE

    Urbāne, Dārta

    2011-01-01

    Reproduktīvā klonēšana ir viena no jaunākajām zinātnes inovācijām. Klonēšanas būtība ir radīt kādas būtnes ģenētiski identisku indivīdu. Klonēšana ir specifiska reproduktīvā metode, tādēļ tā ir izraisījusi ievērojamu skaitu ētikas jautājumu un radījusi morālās problēmas. Kā sava darba mērķi esmu izvirzījusi noskaidrot, šīs tehnoloģijas specifiku, apzināt tās izraisīto problēmu loku, kā arī izpētīt, kā klonēšanu vērtē citas ar sabiedrību saistītās nozares, piemēram, medicīna un reliģija. V...

  1. Filmu tulkošana : izaicinājums tulkotājam

    OpenAIRE

    Sergejeva, Nataļja

    2007-01-01

    Diplomdarba nosaukums ir „Filmu tulkošana: izaicinājums tulkotājam” un tajā ir aprakstīta filmu tulkošana un dažādas problēmas, ar kuram tulkotājs sastopas, tulkojot filmas. Filma kļuva par vispopulārāko saziņas līdzekļi starp dažādam kultūrām un tulkošana padara filmu saprotamu dažādu kultūru pārstāvjiem. Šajā diplomdarbā autors mēģināja izpētīt ar filmu tulkošanu saistītus jautājumus, lai darbs būtu noderīgs tulkotājiem viņu darbā. Diplomdarba autors sniedza dažādus piemērus ar tulkojumu la...

  2. Synthesis and catalytic properties of metal clusters encapsulated within small-pore (SOD, GIS, ANA) zeolites.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goel, Sarika; Wu, Zhijie; Zones, Stacey I; Iglesia, Enrique

    2012-10-24

    The synthesis protocols for encapsulation of metal clusters reported here expand the diversity in catalytic chemistries made possible by the ability of microporous solids to select reactants, transition states, and products on the basis of their molecular size. We report a synthesis strategy for the encapsulation of noble metals and their oxides within SOD (Sodalite, 0.28 nm × 0.28 nm), GIS (Gismondine, 0.45 nm × 0.31 nm), and ANA (Analcime, 0.42 nm × 0.16 nm) zeolites. Encapsulation was achieved via direct hydrothermal synthesis for SOD and GIS using metal precursors stabilized by ammonia or organic amine ligands, which prevent their decomposition or precipitation as colloidal hydroxides at the conditions of hydrothermal synthesis (12), thereby causing precipitation of even ligand-stabilized metal precursors as hydroxides. As a result, encapsulation was achieved by the recrystallization of metal clusters containing GIS into ANA, which retained these metal clusters within voids throughout the GIS-ANA transformation.

  3. The Reliability of a Novel Automated System for ANA Immunofluorescence Analysis in Daily Clinical Practice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammed Alsuwaidi

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Automated interpretation (AI systems for antinuclear antibody (ANA analysis have been introduced based on assessment of indirect immunofluorescence (IIF patterns. The diagnostic performance of a novel automated IIF reading system was compared with visual interpretation (VI of IIF in daily clinical practice to evaluate the reduction of workload. ANA-IIF tests of consecutive serum samples from patients with suspected connective tissue disease were carried out using HEp-2 cells according to routine clinical care. AI was performed using a visual analyser (Zenit G-Sight, Menarini, Germany. Agreement rates between ANA results by AI and VI were calculated. Of the 336 samples investigated, VI yielded 205 (61% negative, 42 (13% ambiguous, and 89 (26% positive results, whereas 82 (24% were determined to be negative, 176 (52% ambiguous, and 78 (24% positive by AI. AI displayed a diagnostic accuracy of 175/336 samples (52% with a kappa coefficient of 0.34 compared to VI being the gold standard. Solely relying on AI, with VI only performed for all ambiguous samples by AI, would have missed 1 of 89 (1% positive results by VI and misclassified 2 of 205 (1% negative results by VI as positive. The use of AI in daily clinical practice resulted only in a moderate reduction of the VI workload (82 of 336 samples: 24%.

  4. Santa Barbara, California Tsunami Forecast Grids for MOST Model

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The Santa Barbara, California Forecast Model Grids provides bathymetric data strictly for tsunami inundation modeling with the Method of Splitting Tsunami (MOST)...

  5. Santa Monica, California Tsunami Forecast Grids for MOST Model

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The Santa Monica, California Forecast Model Grids provides bathymetric data strictly for tsunami inundation modeling with the Method of Splitting Tsunami (MOST)...

  6. Geology and geomorphology--Offshore Santa Cruz, California

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This part of DS 781 presents data for the geologic and geomorphic map of the Offshore Santa Cruz map area, California. The vector data file is included in...

  7. Geology and geomorphology--Offshore of Santa Barbara, California

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This part of SIM 3281 presents data for the geologic and geomorphic map (see sheet 10, SIM 3281) of the Offshore of Santa Barbara map area, California. The vector...

  8. Backscatter B [USGS]--Offshore of Santa Barbara, California

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This part of SIM 3281 presents data for part of the acoustic-backscatter map (see sheet 3, SIM 3281) of the Offshore of Santa Barbara map area, California. The...

  9. Backscatter A [CSUMB]--Offshore of Santa Barbara, California

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This part of SIM 3281 presents data for part of the acoustic-backscatter map (see sheet 3, SIM 3281) of the Offshore of Santa Barbara map area, California. The...

  10. Bathymetry and Acoustic Backscatter: Northern Santa Barbara Channel, Southern California

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This report presents bathymetry and acoustic backscatter data collected in July 2008 in the northern Santa Barbara Channel, California, using a bathymetric sidescan...

  11. Environmental Law Series Links Campus and Community in Santa Barbara.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McGinnes, J. Marc

    1981-01-01

    Describes a three-course series in environmental law developed at the University of California, Santa Barbara as part of the undergraduate Environmental Studies Program. The series progresses from theory to simulation to field experience. (Author/WB)

  12. Seafloor character--Offshore of Santa Barbara, California

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This part of SIM 3281 presents data for the seafloor-character map (see sheet 5, SIM 3281) of the Offshore of Santa Barbara map area, California. The raster data...

  13. Los rostros de Ana: Tres comentarios sobre Darío Morales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul Marcelo Velázquez Sabogal

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available El presente escrito es una aproximación a la obra del artista colombiano Darío Morales desde la perspectiva dialéctica “vida-muerte”, alentada por el acontecimiento de lo ambiguo y sus implicaciones en la deconstrucción de una corporeidad estable regida por parámetros sociales, jurídicos y biológicos que desembocan en la caracterización de un “otro” en el cual se encuentran figuras como el anormal, el incorregible, el monstruo. Desde ellos pretendo trazar un punto de vista sobre aquellos Rostros de Ana donde se manifiestan figuras como el onanista y la vampira, para desembocar en un comentario que amplíe el espectro de sentido alrededor la obra del artista cartagenero. Palabras claves Cuerpo ambiguo, vida-muerte, sagrado-profano, onanismo. Ñawekuna kai warmi Ana Sutipa: Kimsa pariai ksi runa Dario Morales Sugllapi Kai kilkai kame ñalla regcha kai tacha runa colombiano Dario Morales Kilkakasina rimangapa “ kausai- wamui” aida chingapa kaikuna Mana allilla llugsichu tukuikunamanda icharichu llanga “sug manda” Kaipe turrerreme ¡ kauancheme man aillakaska, man allilla rurasla! Kirú. Kaipi pudenchi kauanga imasami kauacheca kai warme Ana paipa ñawekuna Kai ruraikuna sutikame onanista Chasallata vampira, Kaiwa munakume Allilla intendechengapa imasame parlaku sug iacha Cartagenero. Ima suti Rimai Simi: Cuerpo ambiguo, kaugsai, muerte, sagrado - profano, onanismo. The Faces of Ana: Three Comments on Dario Morales Abstract This paper is an approach to the work of Colombian artist Dario Morales from the perspective of the dialectic of “life and death”, encouraged by the occurrence of the ambiguous and its implications for the deconstruction of a stable corporeality governed by social, legal and biological parameters that lead to the characterization of an “other”, in which figures such as the abnormal, the incorrigible, the monster are to be found. From them, I intend to plot a point of view on those faces of Ana

  14. Duration-frequency relationships of heavy rainfall in Santa Catarina, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Álvaro José Back

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to adjust equations that establish relationships between rainfall events with different duration and data from weather stations in the state of Santa Catarina, Brazil. In this study, the relationships between different duration heavy rainfalls from 13 weather stations of Santa Catarina were analyzed. From series of maximum annual rainfalls, and using the Gumbel-Chow distribution, the maximum rainfall for durations between 5 min and 24 h were estimated considering return periods from 2 to 100 years. The data fit to the Gumbel-Chow model was verified by the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test at 5 % significance. The coefficients of Bell's equation were adjusted to estimate the relationship between rainfall duration t (min and the return period T (y in relation to the maximum rainfall with a duration of 1 hour and a 10 year return period. Likewise, the coefficients of Bell's equation were adjusted based on the maximum rainfall with a duration of 1 day and a 10 year return period. The results showed that these relationships are viable to estimate short-duration rainfall events at locations where there are no rainfall records.

  15. In Santa We Trust: Santa Claus as a God, and Consumption as Religion

    OpenAIRE

    Staver, Jeppe

    2014-01-01

    I denne oppgaven ble usagnet "Julenissen (Santa Claus) kan bli ansett som en gud, og konsum kan bli kategorisert som en religion" analysert og funnet belegg for. Studiet ble basert på et gruppeintervju med fire barn i 7-8 års-alderen, samt to reklamebilder med hovedsaklig like bilder, men med forskjellig tekst, hvor et var på norsk og et på engelsk. Problemer med metodevalget viste seg tidlig i analysen av intervjuet, da både intervjutypen (gruppeintervju) og tiden for intervjuet var problem...

  16. Pro-ana versus Pro-recovery: A Content Analytic Comparison of Social Media Users’ Communication about Eating Disorders on Twitter and Tumblr

    OpenAIRE

    Dawn B. Branley; Judith Covey

    2017-01-01

    Objectives: To compare how people communicate about eating disorders on two popular social media platforms – Twitter and Tumblr. Materials and Methods: Thematic analysis was conducted to characterize the types of communications posted, and a content analysis was undertaken of between-platform differences. Results: Three types of content (pro-ana, anti-ana, and pro-recovery) were posted on each platform. Overall, across both platforms, extreme pro-ana posts were in the minority compared ...

  17. Anofelinos de Santa Catarina (Diptera: Culicidae, Brasil Anophelines of Santa Catarina (Diptera: Culicidae, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria da Graça Teixeira Portes

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUÇÃO: No Brasil, a Região Amazônica é endêmica em malária. Em Santa Catarina, a malária foi eliminada na década de 80. A partir daí, ocorreram poucos casos autóctones isolados, e esporádicos. No entanto, em função da existência do vetor em seu território, da existência de extensa área endêmica no Brasil e da grande mobilidade de pessoas em áreas turísticas no estado, existe a probabilidade de reintrodução da doença. MÉTODOS: Utilizou-se os seguintes dados: Banco de Dados do Núcleo de Entomologia da Fundação Nacional de Saúde, Santa Catarina (ACCES,1997-2000; Sistema de Informação de Vigilância Epidemiológica, Secretaria de Vigilância em Saúde (Malária/SC e Sistema de Informação de Notificação e Agravo(SINAN/SC. Os mesmos foram transportados e analisados, no programa Microsoft Office Excel 2007. RESULTADOS: As coletas foram realizadas em 48 municípios, 159 localidades, sendo identificados 12.310 Culicídeos, 11.546 (93,7% Anopheles e 764 (6,2% como outros. Foram identificados três subgêneros e 13 espécies de anofelinos. CONCLUSÕES: Considerando que nos municípios pesquisados, foi identificada a presença de importantes vetores como Anopheles cruzii e Anopheles albitasis e há circulação de pessoas infectadas provenientes de áreas endêmicas, pode-se considerar que os mesmos são áreas receptivas e vulneráveis à malária. Essas espécies são suspeitas de serem responsáveis pela transmissão de malária na região, principalmente nos municípios de Gaspar, Indaial e Rodeio.INTRODUCTION: The Amazon region of Brazil is endemic for malaria. In the State of Santa Catarina, malaria was eliminated in the 1980s. Since then, a few sporadic isolated autochthonous cases have occurred. However, because malaria vectors are present within Brazilian territory and extensive endemic areas exist in this country, along with the great mobility of people in tourist areas of Santa Catarina, there is the

  18. Meat quality of Santa Inês and F1 Santa Inês x Dorper Lambs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael dos Santos Costa

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT. Costa R.S., Henriques L.S.V., Tavares E.M., Alves E.N., Henry F.C. & Quirino C.R. [Meat quality of Santa Inês and F1 Santa Inês x Dorper Lambs.] Qualidade da carne de cordeiros Santa Inês e F1 Santa Inês x Dorper. Revista Brasileira de Medicina Veterinária, 36(3:337-343, 2014. Centro de Ciências e Tecnologias Agropecuárias, Universidade Estadual do Norte Fluminense Darcy Ribeiro, Avenida Alberto Lamego, 2000, Parque Califórnia, Campos dos Goytacazes, RJ 28013-602, Brasil. E-mail: fabiocosta@uenf.br Fifty intact male ovines breed were randomly assembled, 25 of the Santa Inês breed and 25 F1 Santa Inês x Dorper to evaluation of dental cronology, live weight at slaughter, withers height, hip height, body length and thorax circumference. After exsanguination, were measured temperature and pH at different times (4h; 12h and 24h of Semitendinosus and Triceps brachii muscles and shear force or tenderness (48h of Semitendinosus muscle. In parallel was accomplished the sensorial analysis relationships to instrumental values of this muscle. The chilling room temperature varied between 12.2°C (4h a -0.5°C (24h, and the mean temperature of carcasses was 26.80°C and -0.20°C, respectively. The mean initial pH of Semitendinosus was 6.62 and final 5.64 and of Triceps brachii was 6.50 (4h and 5.68 (24h. Semitendinosus muscle shear force and tenderness was similar in lambs of Santa Ines breed and F1 Dorper x Santa Ines, demonstrating that the genetic group did not affect meat tenderness. The sensory panel confirmed the results obtained in instrumental analysis. The correlation of instrumental analysis (shear force when compared different genetic groups, was found a good inversed correlation (r = -0.87. The mean of body length and thorax circumference levels don’t have significant difference between genetic groups. The mean of morphometric measurements analyzed on Santa Inês was higher than F1 Santa Inês x Dorper, but don’t have

  19. Avocado fruit quality with applications of ANA, boron, nitrogen, saccharose and girdling

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joaquín Guillermo Ramírez Gil

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of foliar application of products for fruit set, production and quality of Hass avocado. This research was performed in a terrain that is located in a moderately cold weather, in Antioquia, Colombia. Factors for inducing flowering, types of inflorescence and production alternation were determined. In addition to the aforementioned, simple and combined foliar application of acid 1–naphthaleneacetic (ANA, boron, nitrogen, saccharose as source energy, and girding branches, was performed. For the experiment we used a complete block experimental design, with five replicates per treatment and a single tree as experimental unit, with three evaluations over time (2010, 2011 and 2012. The variables evaluated were initial and final fruit set, quantity, and quality of produced fruit. Results associated with this study indicate that floral induction in this variety occurs in periods of low rainfall and low temperatures, the inflorescences were mostly of an indeterminate type, and a slight alternation of production occurred. Initial fruit and final set increased with girdling branches and with the application of boron and girdling branches in 28% and 33% respectively, but this treatments did not improve the production, instead the production was favored by adding saccharose alone, and in combination with boron, nitrogen and ANA, it presented increments of 14,5, 15.9, 14.9 and 14.4% respectively. Results indicate that the addition of an individual external energy source combined with the foliar application of boron, nitrogen and ANA, improves the quality and quantity of fruit in the Hass avocado.

  20. ANA-Negative Presentation of SLE in Man with Severe Autoimmune Neutropenia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Melissa Zhao

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE is a chronic, inflammatory, connective tissue disease that commonly affects the joints and a variety of organs due to an overactivation of the body’s immune system. There is wide heterogeneity in presentation of SLE patients, including lung, central nervous system, skin, kidney, and hematologic manifestations. Case Presentation. We report a case of atypical manifestation of SLE in a 53-year-old man who presented with neutropenic fever. Physical findings of interest included oral ulcers on the lower lip, a malar-like rash across the bridge of the nose, and a discoid-like rash on extensor surfaces of the elbows and knees. Labs include ANC <100, weakly positive anti-dsDNA, negative ANA, ferritin 1237 ng/mL, low C3/C4, and positive direct Coombs’ test. A thorough workup for infection and hematologic malignancy was negative. Two days after initiation of therapy with 25 mg IV solumedrol twice a day, the patient’s daily fevers resolved. ANC drastically improved to 2000 after two weeks of steroid treatment. He was later found to have a high titer of anti-neutrophil antibodies. Discussion. Autoimmune leukopenia is a common presentation in SLE, occurring in 50–60% of patients. Severe autoimmune neutropenia is uncommon and may correlate with high anti-neutrophil antibody activity despite a negative ANA. As neutropenia is usually mild, there are currently no guidelines for therapy. For our patient, we started him on low dose IV solumedrol and found that he responded drastically to treatment. Given strongly positive nonspecific anti-neutrophil antibodies in the setting of a negative ANA noted in our patient, it is likely that there are other currently unknown antibodies associated with SLE which may correlate strongly with autoimmune neutropenia.

  1. Event Modeling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bækgaard, Lars

    2001-01-01

    are dynamic and we present a modeling approach that can be used to model such dynamics. We characterize events as both information objects and change agents (Bækgaard 1997). When viewed as information objects events are phenomena that can be observed and described. For example, borrow events in a library can......The purpose of this chapter is to discuss conceptual event modeling within a context of information modeling. Traditionally, information modeling has been concerned with the modeling of a universe of discourse in terms of information structures. However, most interesting universes of discourse...... be characterized by their occurrence times and the participating books and borrowers. When we characterize events as information objects we focus on concepts like information structures. When viewed as change agents events are phenomena that trigger change. For example, when borrow event occurs books are moved...

  2. La granitula de la Santa du Niolu

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Davia Benedetti

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract – IT   Quale modalità sociale fonda la pratica di una danza rituale pre-cristiana, la granitula, in occasione della festa annuale della Santa nel Niolo, in Corsica? Questa danza vi perdura nel quadro di un pellegrinaggio istituito sulla base di un racconto leggendario, in commemorazione della natività della Vergine. Essa è associata a una cerimonia religiosa e a una fiera. Consiste in una marcia a spirale a doppio senso, scandita da canti e condotta dai membri delle confraternite. La granitula ha rilievo nel campo etno-scenologico con la trasposizione corporea di immagini del labirinto, dell'origine e del sé. Simboleggia il corpo sociale corso e il suo senso d'appartenenza regionale e paesana. Coloro che la eseguono entrano in coesione con la comunità corsa. Fanno corpo con essa per proiettare nel vivere comune della società la loro assicurazione di uscita da ogni labirinto grazie a una prassi solidare, al rinserrare dei legami comunitari e a un adattamento identitario ai cambiamenti. Abstract – FR Quelle sociabilité fonde la pratique d’une danse rituelle antechrétienne, la granitula, lors de la fête annuelle de la Santa dans le Niolu, en Corse? Cette danse y perdure dans le cadre d’un pèlerinage établi sur un récit légendaire, en commémoration de la nativité de la Vierge. Elle est associée à une cérémonie religieuse catholique et à une foire. Elle consiste en une marche spiralée à double sens, scandée par des chants et exécutée par les membres des confréries. La granitula relève du champ de l’ethnoscénologie avec une mise en corps des figures du labyrinthe, de l’origine et du même. Elle symbolise le corps social corse et ses sentiments d’appartenance régionale et villageoise. Ses exécutants entrent en cohésion avec la communauté corse. Ils font corps avec elle pour projeter dans le vivre ensemble sociétal leur assurance de la sortie de tout labyrinthe par une pratique des solidarit

  3. Dynamics of a thermo-Mediterranean coastal environment the Coto Doñana National Park

    Science.gov (United States)

    Finlayson, Geraldine; Finlayson, Clive; Espejo, J. M. Recio

    2008-11-01

    Using data collected from existing habitats found in the southwestern Iberian Peninsula, and including data collected in the Biological Reserve of the Parque Nacional de Doñana, Spain, this study considers the seasonal and inter-annual variability of a thermo-Mediterranean, subhumid, environment and the significance of the presence of surface water in the system. This extant environment is then used together with the fossil record from Gorham's Cave in Gibraltar, where Neanderthals lived, as a proxy for the ecology of the emerged landscape outside the cave.

  4. Experimental reintroduction reveals novel life-history variation in Laysan Ducks (Anas laysanensis)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walters, Jeffrey R.; Reynolds, Michelle H.

    2013-01-01

    Subfossil remains indicate that the Laysan Duck (Anas laysanensis) formerly occurred throughout the Hawaiian archipelago, but for more than 150 years it has been confined to a single, small atoll in the northwestern chain, Laysan Island. In 2004–2005, 42 ducks were reintroduced from Laysan to Midway Atoll, where they exhibited variation in life history never observed on Laysan. On Laysan, females have never been observed to breed successfully at age 1 year and few attempt it, whereas on Midway, females routinely raised young at reintroductions of this species may provide opportunities to test hypotheses about mechanisms underlying phenotypic plasticity.

  5. Gregarismo de la Perdiz Roja (Alectoris rufa) en Doñana

    OpenAIRE

    Braza, Francisco; Álvarez, Fernando; Pintos, Rosario

    1985-01-01

    La Perdiz Roja en Doñana se organiza en parejas durante la segunda mitad del invierno y casi toda la primavera; a continuación, y aproximadamente por un mes, se observan bandos con pollos y durante casi todo el verano, otoño y primera mitad del invierno se agrupa en bandos sin pollos. La representación adulta en los bandos con pollos y el tamaño medio de los bandos sin pollos presentan valores con escasa variación. La intensa sequía del invierno de 1980-81 tuvo al parecer gran influencia, ret...

  6. Los santuarios de So na Caçana: propuesta de revalorización patrimonial

    OpenAIRE

    Zotes Flores, Luis

    2015-01-01

    En este texto se presentan los planteamientos teóricos propuestos por TANYT Asociación Cultural para el desarrollo de un correcto Programa de Gestión Patrimonial válido para el lugar de So na Caçana (Alayor, Menorca). Desde un primer momento nos planteamos poner este yacimiento arqueológico a disposición de la sociedad comprobando la respuesta del público ante las actuaciones emprendidas, iniciando el trabajo conducente a su Revalorización Patrimonial e intentando crear un espacio científico ...

  7. Early imprinting in wild and game-farm mallards (Anas platyrhynchos): genotype and arousal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheng, K.M.; Shoffner, R.N.; Phillips, R.E.; Shapiro, L.J.

    1979-01-01

    Early imprinting was studied under laboratory conditions in five lines of mallards (Anas platyrhynchos) with different degrees of wildness obtained through pedigreed breeding. Data were analyzed by the least squares method. Wild ducklings imprinted better than game-farm (domesticated) ducklings, and heterosis was demonstrated to exist in imprinting traits. Nonadditive genetic variations and genotype-environmental interactions are discussed as possible causes for the heterosis observed. Differences in imprinting between genetic lines are attributed, at least partly, to differences in arousal level during the ducklings' first exposure to the imprinting stimulus.

  8. Muzeja IT infrastruktūras modernizēšana

    OpenAIRE

    Liparts, Arnis

    2014-01-01

    Kvalifikācijas darba nosaukums ir „Muzeja IT infrastruktūras modernizācija”. Darbā tiek aprakstīts kā tika modernizēts jau esošs un salīdzinoši sarežģīts datoru tīkls. Darbā lielā mērā tika izmantoti Mikrotik maršrutētāji IT infrastruktūras modernizācijai. Atslēgas vārdi : Karstvieta, automatizēšana, Mikrotik, IT

  9. Hermenéutica de los derechos humanos en la obra de Ana Luisa Guerrero

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Orlando Inocencio Aguirre Martínez

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available La obra de Ana Luisa Guerrero se caracteriza por su abordaje filosófico-político sobre los derechos humanos y su aplicación. Su hermenéutica intercultural, dirigida, principalmente, a los derechos humanos de tercera generación, identifica el componente de la intersubjetividad que encamina hacia la construcción de un diálogo intercultural. Este componente permite, además, discutir sobre los fundamentos de los derechos humanos colocando las percepciones individuales y colectivas del paradigma.

  10. Hermenéutica de los derechos humanos en la obra de Ana Luisa Guerrero

    OpenAIRE

    Orlando Inocencio Aguirre Martínez

    2015-01-01

    La obra de Ana Luisa Guerrero se caracteriza por su abordaje filosófico-político sobre los derechos humanos y su aplicación. Su hermenéutica intercultural, dirigida, principalmente, a los derechos humanos de tercera generación, identifica el componente de la intersubjetividad que encamina hacia la construcción de un diálogo intercultural. Este componente permite, además, discutir sobre los fundamentos de los derechos humanos colocando las percepciones individuales y colectivas del paradigma. ...

  11. Gale Digital Collections: Ray Abruzzi Interviewed by Luisa Calè and Ana Parejo Vadillo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ray Abruzzi

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This interview addresses the commercial dimensions of the nineteenth-century digital archive. Luisa Calè and Ana Parejo Vadillo ask Ray Abruzzi, Vice President and Publisher for 'Gale Digital Collections' at Gale, about the company’s origins, its commercial approach to digital collections, and the challenges of digitization. In the context of the open access movement, the architecture of participation, and crowdsourcing, Abruzzi discusses how the company works with academic partners and interfaces with other digital libraries and platforms.

  12. Representações da sexualidade na obra de Ana Saldanha

    OpenAIRE

    Fonseca, Ana Daniela Tavares da

    2012-01-01

    A presente dissertação analisa as diferentes representações da sexualidade na obra literária para jovens de Ana Saldanha. A leitura analítica incide sobre as narrativas da autora que abordam a temática da sexualidade juvenil e as suas problemáticas, com o objetivo de estudar a forma como as mesmas contribuem para a construção da identidade pessoal e sexual do potencial recetor juvenil. Desta forma, pretende-se detetar os conflitos psicológicos dos protagonistas, os seus valores e problemas, a...

  13. La hidrofobia en los suelos arenosos del parque natural de Doñana

    OpenAIRE

    Moral, Francisco Jesús; Laguna Luna, Ana María; Giráldez Cervera, Juan Vicente

    2002-01-01

    La hidrofobia, o repelencia al agua que se manifiesta en algunos suelos, dificulta la infiltración del agua, y, consecuentemente, el establecimiento de vegetación. Como la repelencia aparece en zonas aisladas se favorecen los flujos preferenciales en su contorno. En este trabajo se muestran algunas características hidrofóbicas detectadas en los suelos arenosos del cordón dunar del litoral atlántico próximo al Parque Nacional de Doñana, analizando su origen y extensión en las áreas analizadas....

  14. Specializētu maršrutētajiem paredzētu Linux distributīvu pētīšana un to ieviešana mazā datortīklā

    OpenAIRE

    Andrejevs, Jevgenijs

    2010-01-01

    Kvalifikācijas darba „Specializētu maršrutētājiem paredzētu Linux distributīvu pētīšana un to ieviešana mazā datortīklā”, galvenais mērķis ir izstrādāt maza mājas datortīkla modernizēšanas risinājumu, izmantojot brīvi pieejamus produktus. Darba gaitā tas arī bija izdarīts, izveidotais risinājums bāzējas uz specializēta Linux distributīva, vārtejas lomā, tam papildus pievienoti vel dažādas funkcionalitātes, kuri tika pieprasīti no lietotāju puses.

  15. Trigger Analysis and Modelling of Very Large Debris Flows in Santa Teresa, Cusco, Southern Peru

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buis, Daniel; Huggel, Christian; Frey, Holger; Giráldez, Claudia; Rohrer, Mario; Christen, Marc; Portocarrero, César

    2014-05-01

    The Peruvian Andes have repeatedly been affected by large mass movements such as landslides, avalanches and debris flows. In 1998, two very large debris flows in the region of Machu Picchu (Sacsara and Ahobamba), southern Peru, destroyed the town of Santa Teresa, an important hydropower scheme and further infrastructure. The debris flows on the order of 5 to 25 million m3 volume rank among the largest recently observed events of this type worldwide. Despite their extreme dimensions, these events have not been studied in detail. An important limitation for more insight studies is the remote location of the mass flows and the very sparse information and data available for the study region. Neither triggering processes nor mass flow process characteristics have been understood to date. This study tries to fill some of these gaps in understanding that are critical to improved assessment of hazards and eventual risk reduction measures. For the trigger analysis we used data and information from field work, a limited number of ground based meteorological data, and complementary satellite derived data. Results indicate that in the case of the Sacsara event, heavy rainfall likely was a main trigger. For Ahobamba, antecedent rainfall as well as snow and ice melt leading to saturation of glacial sediments must have played an important role. Simulations with a dynamic debris flow model (RAMMS) allowed us to constrain a number of flow parameters such as flow height and velocity, runout distance and flow and deposition volumes. Strong surging flow behavior was detected, resulting in very large runout distance (exceeding 20 km); which rather depends on the largest single surge volume, not the total event volume. Based on the identification of potential mass flow sources we modeled a number of scenarios. The assessment of related hazards, including a preliminary hazard map, showed that several communities in catchments draining towards Santa Teresa are endangered by mass movements

  16. Santa Fe Alliance for Science: The First Eight Years

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eisenstein, Robert A.

    2013-04-01

    The Santa Fe Alliance for Science (SFAFS) was founded in May, 2005. SFAFS exists to provide assistance in K-14 math and science education in the greater Santa Fe area. It does this via extensive programs (1) in math and science tutoring at Santa Fe High School, Santa Fe Community College and to a lesser degree at other schools, (2) science fair advising and judging, (3) its ``Santa Fe Science Cafe for Young Thinkers'' series, (4) a program of professional enrichment for K-12 math and science teachers, and (5) a fledging math intervention program in middle school math. Well over 150 STEM professionals, working mostly as volunteers, have contributed since our beginning. Participation by students, parents and teachers has increased dramatically over the years, leading to much more positive views of math and science, especially among elementary school students and teachers. Support from the community and from local school districts has been very strong. I will present a brief status report on SFAFS activities, discuss some of the lessons learned along the way and describe briefly some ideas for the future. More information can be found at the SFAFS website, www.sfafs.org.

  17. Santa Elena. Ready to reshape its transport energy matrix

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Moreano, Hernan [Universidad Estatal Peninsula de Santa Elena (Ecuador). Inst. de Investigacion Cientifica y Desarrollo Tecnologico (INCYT)

    2012-07-01

    The renewable energy issue opens the door to an ambient of opportunities. Santa Elena, one of the coastal provinces of Ecuador has the chance to go from a fossil fuel energy culture to a new energy scheme based on the use of environmental friendly fuels like natural gas and other renewable energy carriers like hydrogen. The marginal production of oil and natural gas from the Gustavo Galindo Velasco field and the updated gas reserves from the Gulf of Guayaquil make it possible. Infrastructure for natural gas production and distribution for vehicles is almost ready and any of the three refineries can generate hydrogen from natural gas. This provides the opportunity to reshape the Santa Elena transport energy matrix, where vehicles can burn natural gas and inter country buses can work with hydrogen. Traditional Fishing boats can be fitted with hydrogen storage and fuel systems later on. Santa Elena should face this challenge through a joint effort of public and private parties. Santa Elena State University and its partners as a focus point to create: The Campus of Energy Knowledge, where research, science and technology will serve companies that work in the energy business with a strong synergy, which will create jobs for the Santa Elena people. (orig.)

  18. SENTINEL EVENTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrej Robida

    2004-09-01

    Full Text Available Background. The Objective of the article is a two year statistics on sentinel events in hospitals. Results of a survey on sentinel events and the attitude of hospital leaders and staff are also included. Some recommendations regarding patient safety and the handling of sentinel events are given.Methods. In March 2002 the Ministry of Health introduce a voluntary reporting system on sentinel events in Slovenian hospitals. Sentinel events were analyzed according to the place the event, its content, and root causes. To show results of the first year, a conference for hospital directors and medical directors was organized. A survey was conducted among the participants with the purpose of gathering information about their view on sentinel events. One hundred questionnaires were distributed.Results. Sentinel events. There were 14 reports of sentinel events in the first year and 7 in the second. In 4 cases reports were received only after written reminders were sent to the responsible persons, in one case no reports were obtained. There were 14 deaths, 5 of these were in-hospital suicides, 6 were due to an adverse event, 3 were unexplained. Events not leading to death were a suicide attempt, a wrong side surgery, a paraplegia after spinal anaesthesia, a fall with a femoral neck fracture, a damage of the spleen in the event of pleural space drainage, inadvertent embolization with absolute alcohol into a femoral artery and a physical attack on a physician by a patient. Analysis of root causes of sentinel events showed that in most cases processes were inadequate.Survey. One quarter of those surveyed did not know about the sentinel events reporting system. 16% were having actual problems when reporting events and 47% beleived that there was an attempt to blame individuals. Obstacles in reporting events openly were fear of consequences, moral shame, fear of public disclosure of names of participants in the event and exposure in mass media. The majority of

  19. Deposição tecidual em cordeiros Santa Inês, ½ Dorper-Santa Inês e ½ White Dorper-Santa Inês avaliados por ultrassonografia Tissue deposition in Santa Inês, ½ Dorper-Santa Inês and ½ White Dorper-Santa Inês lambs assessed by ultrasonography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Franciane Barbiéri Dias

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Foram utilizados 36 cordeiros machos não castrados, dos quais, 12 de cada grupo genético: Santa Inês, ½ Dorper-Santa Inês e ½ White Dorper-Santa Inês, mantidos em confinamento. Realizaram-se pesagens e avaliações semanais na região do lombo entre a 12ª e 13ª costelas, por ultrassonografia, para obtenção da espessura de gordura subcutânea e profundidade do músculo Longissimus lumborum. Para a verificação de diferenças no desenvolvimento da espessura de gordura subcutânea e profundidade do músculo Longissimus lumborum, em função dos dias em confinamento entre os grupos, foi assumida distribuição normal em análise Bayesiana. A equação obtida para o ganho de peso em função dos dias em confinamento apresentou coeficiente angular (b1 maior para ½ Dorper-Santa Inês (0,26 e menor para o Santa Inês (0,22. O coeficiente angular (b1 da espessura de gordura subcutânea, em função dos dias em confinamento foi maior para os cordeiros ½ Dorper-Santa Inês (0,038 e ½ White Dorper-Santa Inês (0,039 comparados ao Santa Inês (0,037, o que expressa maior precocidade para esta característica nos cordeiros cruzados. A avaliação da profundidade do músculo Longissimus lumborum indicou maior taxa (b1 de deposição muscular para os cordeiros Santa Inês (0,072 comparado aos ½ Dorper-Santa Inês (0,057 e ½ White Dorper-Santa Inês (0,057, no entanto, a deposição inicial de músculos foi maior nos cordeiros cruzados. Os cordeiros cruzados apresentam desenvolvimento mais precoce e podem ser abatidos com mais músculos e mais gordura em menor tempo.Thirty six male lambs, not castrated, twelve of each genetic group: Santa Inês, ½ Dorper-Santa Inês and ½ White Dorper-Santa Inês, were used, and raised in feedlot. Weight measurements and assessments in the region of the loin, between the 12th and 13th ribs, by ultrasound, were conducted weekly, to obtain the subcutaneous fat thickness and the Longissimus lumborum muscle depth

  20. LDAP un Samba risinājuma ieviešana uzņēmumā

    OpenAIRE

    Logina, Baiba

    2012-01-01

    Kvalifikācijas darba "LDAP un Samba risinājuma ieviešana uzņēmumā" galvenais mērķis ir izveidot risinājumu vairāku uzņēmumu grupas datortīkla vienotās autentificēšanās un koplietošanas resursu sistēmas modernizēšanai. Darbā tiek aprakstīta dotā risinājuma ieviešanas gaita, kas ietver Samba servera konfigurēšanu, LDAP autentifikācijas sistēmas uzstādīšanu, automatizētu tīkla resursu pievienošanu darba videi un vienotu pielaides tiesību sistēmu dokumentiem. Rezultātā tika sastādīta instrukcija ...

  1. Riesgo cardiovascular en pacientes de un consultorio médico del policlínico "Ana Betancourt" Cardiovascular risk found in patients from a doctor's office in "Ana Betancourt" polyclinics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Manuel Hernández Vázquez

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: la capacidad predictiva del riesgo coronario es superior a la que se establece por la consideración aislada de los factores de riesgo cardiovasculares. Objetivo: determinar la magnitud del riesgo coronario y las prioridades de prevención cardiovascular en pacientes pertenecientes al consultorio médico de la familia No.5, del policlínico "Ana Betancourt", en el municipio Playa. Métodos: investigación descriptiva, de corte transversal realizada entre 2009-2010. El universo de estudio estuvo constituido por las 856 personas mayores de 20 años perteneciente a dicho consultorio. Después de aplicados los criterios de selección, la muestra quedó conformada por 242 pacientes. Se utilizaron los criterios de las Tablas de Predicción del Riesgo Coronario de Framingham, que permiten estimar dicho riesgo a diez años, en las personas con factores de riesgo cardiovascular que aún no han tenido enfermedad coronaria establecida y que requieren intervenciones de cambio de su estilo de vida. Resultados: predominaron los pacientes en la categoría de riesgo coronario moderado, 97 (40,1 %, seguido por los de alto riesgo, 82 (33, 8 % y finalmente, los de bajo riesgo, 63 (26 %. Ninguno de los pacientes estudiados estaba exento de riesgo coronario. Conclusiones: es muy probable, que más de la mitad de la muestra sufra un episodio coronario, mortal o no, durante los próximos diez años. Es urgente aplicar una estrategia de intervención comunitaria, basada en la modificación de los factores de riesgo asociados al estilo de vida, que permita disminuir la actual expresión del riesgo coronario en la población estudiada.Introduction: the predictive capacity of the coronary risk is greater than the prediction set by the individual consideration of the cardiovascular risk factors. Objective: to determine the coronary risk and the cardiovascular prevention priorities in patients from the family doctor's office no.5 in "Ana Betancourt

  2. Event Modeling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bækgaard, Lars

    2001-01-01

    The purpose of this chapter is to discuss conceptual event modeling within a context of information modeling. Traditionally, information modeling has been concerned with the modeling of a universe of discourse in terms of information structures. However, most interesting universes of discourse...... are dynamic and we present a modeling approach that can be used to model such dynamics.We characterize events as both information objects and change agents (Bækgaard 1997). When viewed as information objects events are phenomena that can be observed and described. For example, borrow events in a library can...

  3. Projekts: SIA Ģimenes centrs" dibināšana

    OpenAIRE

    Mensaha, Elizabete

    2016-01-01

    Maģistra darba tēma ir projekts SIA „Ģimenes centrs” dibināšana. Ikviena cilvēka dzīvē ģimene ir pati svarīgākā. Ģimenē veidojas galvenie uzskati par to, kas ir labi vai slikti, pareizi vai nepareizi, godīgi vai negodīgi. Bērni, kuri jau no bērnības dzīvo labvēlīgās ģimenēs, zina, kā veidot labas attiecības savā un savu bērnu ģimenē, zina, kā pārvarēt sadzīviskas vai ikdienišķas problēmas, kuras bieži kļūst par ģimenes šķiršanās iemesliem. Laulības šķiršana ir viena no aktuālākajām mūsdienas ...

  4. Os blogs pró-Ana e a experiência da anorexia no sexo masculino

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thamires Citadini de Almeida

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo analisa os blogs pró-anorexia, ou blogs pró-ana, produzidos por indivíduos do sexo masculino, para entender o comportamento anoréxico masculino e o espaço que os blogs ocupam na vida desses sujeitos. Nosso objetivo foi explorar elementos relacionados com a cultura de magreza disponível nos blogs, tendo em vista analisar a questão da anorexia em homens, bem como compreender como os mesmos vivenciam essa experiência. Trata-se de pesquisa qualitativa, realizada em blogs brasileiros e estrangeiros cujos autores das páginas eram homens. Os resultados sugerem que essa população faz da internet uma rede de apoio, com características de ajuda mútua e de produção de autonomia. Por meio dos blogs, os homens discutem alternativas para ludibriar a família e socializam estratégias entre os pares para atingir o objetivo da manutenção do baixo peso. Percebemos que os profissionais da saúde devem prestar atenção para esta "rede informal" de apoio mútuo, uma vez que os blogs pró-ana têm contribuído para a promoção do comportamento anoréxico no sexo masculino.

  5. Kreditēšanas tirgus attīstības tendences Latvijā

    OpenAIRE

    Kuzmenko, Ilona

    2007-01-01

    Pašreizēja situācija Latvijā liecina par to, ka mainoties jebkuram no labvēlīgajiem apstākļiem, kas šobrīd valda kreditēšanas tirgū (vēsturiski zemākās aizdevumu procentu likmes, augošas nekustama īpašuma cenas, mājokļu deficīts un augsts pieprasījums pēc tiem), var izraisīties krīze nekustama īpašuma tirgū, kas var nopietni apdraudēt banku sistēmas stabilitāti valstī. Bakalaura darba mērķis ir izpētīt kreditēšanas tirgus attīstības tendences un sniegt priekšlikumus kredītresursu tirgus ...

  6. GAMBARAN PROFIL DARAH ITIK PEKING (ANAS PLATYRHYNCHOS SETELAH DIBERIKAN EKSTRAK AKUADES DAUN KEDONDONG PAGAR (LANNEA COROMANDELICA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Safrida Safrida

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACTThis study was designed to determine the effect aqueous extract of Lannea coromandelica leaf at concentrations of erythrocytes and leukocytes in peking duck (Anas platyrhynchos. Experimental design used was Completely Randomized Design (CRD consisted of 3 experimental treatments, each consisted of 8 ducks i.e., P0 (control, P1 (given aqueous extract of Lannea coromandelica leaf as much as 780 mg / mL / day / kg body weight, P2 (given aqueous extract of Lannea coromandelica leaf as much as 1560 mg / mL / day / kg body weight. Data were analyzed using analysis of variance (ANOVA. The results showed that the aqueous extract of Lannea coromandelica significant effect (p <0.01 in concentrations of erythrocytes peking duck, but had no effect (P>  0.01 in concentrations of the leukocytes. Average erythrocytes in all treatments, 2081667-2300000 per mm 3. The average number of leukocytes in all treatments, 23175-23500 per mm3. It was concluded that the aqueous extract of Lannea coromandelica leaf have effect on the increase concentrations of erythrocytes peking duck (Anas platyrhynchos.

  7. Estrella de la mañana de Jacobo Fijman: poesía y apocalipsis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Naomi Lindstrom

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Este estudio se propone una lectura de la poesía ostensiblemente católica del poeta judeoargentino Jacobo Fijman (1898-1970 en su Estrella de la mañana (1931 como un ejemplo modernizado, ecléctico e idiosincrásico del género apocalíptico. A pesar de la fuerte intertextualidad con el Libro de Revelación, la característica que más diferencia los poemas de Estrella del discurso apocalíptico tradicional, y en efecto de la expresión visionaria o mística en general, es la autocaracterización del sujeto hablante como una entidad dotada de atributos divinos. This study proposes a reading of the ostensibly Catholic poetry of the Jewish Argentine poet Jacobo Fijman (1898-1970 in his Estrella de la mañana (1931 as a modernized, eclectic, and idiosyncratic example of the apocalyptic genre. Despite the strong intertextuality with the book of Revelation, the feature that mostly sets the poems of Estrella apart from traditional apocalyptic discourse, and indeed from visionary or mystical expression in general, is the self-characterization of the speaking subject as an entity endowed with divine attributes.

  8. Jaunas darba stacijas uzstādīšana un konfigurācija.

    OpenAIRE

    Linge, Edgars

    2010-01-01

    Kvalifikācijas darbā „Jaunas darbstacijas uzstādīšana un konfigurācija” tiek izpētītas galvenās datorsistēmu un datortīklu administrēšanas problēmas, ar kurām bija iespēja sastapties studiju prakses laikā. Darbā minētās un pētītās problēmas vairāk saistītas ar maziem vai nelieliem uzņēmumiem. Darba teorētiskajā daļā tiek izklāstītas galvenās problēmas, ar kurām bija iespēja sastapties studiju prakses laikā. Tiek apskatīta teorētiskā informācija par Microsoft Windows XP Professional, v...

  9. Comportamiento de la sexualidad en ancianos del Policlínico "Ana Betancourt" Behavior of sexuality among the elderly in "Ana Betancourt" Polyclinic"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Víctor T Pérez Martínez

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Se realizó un estudio descriptivo y longitudinal en 125 sujetos en edad geriátrica, de ambos sexos, que asistieron a las consultas de psicogeriatría y/o disfunción sexual del Policlínico Docente "Ana Betancourt" durante el pasado año, con el propósito de definir el patrón sexual característico de las personas en edad geriátrica. Predominaron, en ambos sexos, los ancianos con vínculo conyugal. El 75 % de los ancianos mantienen el interés por el sexo y manifestaron deseo sexual, mientras que el 69,6 % realiza el acto sexual. El coito vaginal, seguido del sexo oral, fueron las formas de actividad sexual preferidas por ambos sexos. La pérdida de la erección en el hombre, y la disminución de la lubricación vaginal en la mujer, fueron los principales trastornos del funcionamiento sexual. El 78,4 % de los ancianos exhibió un bajo índice general de conocimiento sobre los cambios que ocurren en la sexualidad con el transcurso de los años.125 subjects at geriatric age of both sexes that visited the outpatient departments of psychogeriatrics and/or sexual dysfunction of "Ana Betancourt" Teaching Policlinic the last year were included in a descriptive and longitudinal study aimed at defining the sexual pattern characteristic of the persons at geriatric age. The married elderly predominated in both sexes. 75 % of the aged were interested in sex and manifested sexual desire, whereas 69.6 % have sexual relations. Vaginal coitus followed by oral sex were the forms of sexual activity preferred by both sexes. The loss of erection in men and the reduction of vaginal lubrication in women were the main disorders of sexual functioning. 78.4 % of the elderly showed a low general index of knowledge about the changes occurring in sexuality along the years.

  10. Biocalcarenites as construction materials in Santa Marina de Aguas Santas Church at Cordoba, Spain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meroño, J. E.

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available This study consisted in characterizing the materials used to build Santa Marina de Aguas Santas Church at Cordoba and locating the original quarries. The techniques used in the lithological and chemical characterization included XRD, petrographic microscopy and electron dispersive scanning microscopy. The chemical index of weathering (CIW was used to quantify the state of stone decay. The lithology and different types of alterations observed were mapped. A comparison of the material on the building to ancient quarries identified “Naranjo” as the possible site where the stone was originally quarried.Para la caracterización litológica y determinación del grado de alteración de los materiales pétreos se han empleado las siguientes técnicas: difracción de rayos X (método del polvo, microscopía petrográfica (sobre lámina delgada y microscopía de barrido con EDS (energía dispersiva de rayos X, para determinar la composición química. El estado de degradación del material pétreo se ha cuantificado a partir del índice químico de alteración (CIW. Se han realizado cartografías sobre la fachada oeste: a de las litologías presentes y b de los diferentes tipos de alteración observados. La comparación de muestras del edificio con las de antiguas canteras ha permitido identificar la del Naranjo como la posible cantera de origen.

  11. Seafloor character from air-photo data-Santa Barbara Channel

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — Seafloor character was derived from interpretations of aerial photograph-derived kelp-distribution data available for Santa Cruz Island in the Santa Barbara Channel,...

  12. Local smoke-free policy development in Santa Fe, Argentina

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glantz, Stanton A

    2010-01-01

    Objective To describe the process of approval and implementation of a comprehensive smoke-free law in the province of Santa Fe, Argentina, between 2005 and 2009. Methods Review of the Santa Fe smoke-free legislation, articles published in local newspapers and documentation on two lawsuits filed against the law, and interviews with key individuals in Santa Fe. Results Efforts to implement smoke-free policies in Santa Fe began during the 1990s without success, and resumed in 2005 when the provincial Legislature approved the first 100% smoke-free subnational law in Argentina. There was no strong opposition during the discussions within the legislature. As in other parts of the world, pro-tobacco industry interests attempted to block the implementation of the law using well known strategies. These efforts included a controversy media campaign set up, the creation of a hospitality industry association and a virtual smokers' rights group, the introduction of a counterproposal seeking modification of the law, the challenge of the law in the Supreme Court, and the proposal of a weak national bill that would ‘conflict’ with the subnational law. Tobacco control advocates sought media attention as a strategy to protect the law. Conclusions Santa Fe is the first subnational jurisdiction in Latin America to have enacted a comprehensive smoke-free policy following the recommendations of the World Health Organization (WHO) Framework Convention on Tobacco Control. After 3 years of implementation, pro-tobacco industry forces failed to undermine the law. Other subnational jurisdictions in Argentina, as well as in Mexico and Brazil are following the Santa Fe example. PMID:19955534

  13. La Santa Muerte y la cultura de los derechos humanos

    OpenAIRE

    Pilar Castells Ballarín

    2008-01-01

    Este artículo tiene su origen en la siguiente pregunta: ¿qué valores se construyen en el culto a La Santa Muerte y cómo afectan el contexto socio-simbólico de los derechos humanos? Reflexiono el culto a La Santa Muerte como un fenómeno social con dos pautas: 1. Una original expresión estratégica para enfrentar la precariedad y muerte social (como efectos indeseados del neoliberalismo); 2. Una expresión que confirma la cultura del miedo como instrumento de control social.

  14. Nesh Dhillon: Manager, Santa Cruz County Community Farmers' Markets

    OpenAIRE

    Rabkin, Sarah

    2010-01-01

    Nesh (pronounced “Naysh”) Dhillon is operations manager for the Santa Cruz Community Farmers’ Markets, which include locations in downtown and Westside Santa Cruz, Live Oak, Felton, and (added in 2009, after this oral history was recorded) Scotts Valley. All operate open year-round except the Felton market, which is open May through October. Dhillon’s parents both grew up poor—his father in a farming family in northern India, his mother in rural Oregon—but with a preference for fresh...

  15. La Santa Muerte y la cultura de los derechos humanos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pilar Castells Ballarín

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo tiene su origen en la siguiente pregunta: ¿qué valores se construyen en el culto a La Santa Muerte y cómo afectan el contexto socio-simbólico de los derechos humanos? Reflexiono el culto a La Santa Muerte como un fenómeno social con dos pautas: 1. Una original expresión estratégica para enfrentar la precariedad y muerte social (como efectos indeseados del neoliberalismo; 2. Una expresión que confirma la cultura del miedo como instrumento de control social.

  16. Prevalência de autismo em Santa Catarina

    OpenAIRE

    Ferreira, Evelise Cristina Vieira

    2008-01-01

    Dissertação (mestrado) - Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Centro de Ciências da Saúde. Programa de Pós-Graduação em Saúde Pública. Objetivos: Estimar a prevalência de autismo por região de residência, sexo e idade, e avaliar os critérios de diagnóstico de autismo, comparando-os aos critérios do DSM IV (1995), no estado de Santa Catarina no ano de 2006. Metodologia: Trata-se de um estudo epidemiológico populacional, com delineamento transversal, descritivo, que utilizou dados sec...

  17. Las ermitas de Portera y Santa Olalla

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Enrique CERRILLO MARTIN DE CÁCERES

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: A partir del estudio de los restos de dos construcciones culturaes aún en pie (Portera y Santa Olalla en la provincia de Cáceres, se intenta llegar a un aislamiento de los santuarios, centros de culto cuya morfología tanto interna como externa es rectangular en oposición a ábside. Con estos datos y los obtenidos de otros similares se trata de buscar los orígenes de tal tipología como resultado de una solución tectónica de cubierta debida en gran parte a un influjo externo. La tipología resultante quedará definida por un cambio cualitativo en los materiales empleados, un cambio en el sistema de construcción y un cambio, en definitva, en la estructura de cubierta que será abovedada. La aplicación exclusiva al centro de culto de estos cambios indicará una diferenciación jerárquica respecto a la nave. Una de las consecuencias que ocasionará el cambio será una considerable reducción del espacio interno, que a su vez afectará posiblemente al mobiliario litúrgico. Por los datos cronológicos que proporcionan los hallazgos conocidos hasta ahora, debieron ser los alrededores de Mérida la zona geográfica que constituyó el centro de estos cambios a fines del s. VI. Las construcciones de la Meseta quedarían encuadradas en una fase que se denomina plena, correspondiente a la segunda mitad del s. VII, mientras que la etapa que une ambos hitos cronológicos sería la fase de transición, en la que coexistirían soluciones constructivas derivadas del sistema romano, junto con el afianzamiento de los nuevos cambios, lo que supondría un período de ensayo.RÉSUMÉ: A partir de l'étude des restes de deux constructions cultuelles encore debout (Portera et Santa Olalla dans la province de Cáceres, on cherche à isoler les sanctuaires, centres de culte, dont la morphologie tant intérieure qu'extérieure est rectangulaire en opposition à \\'abside. Avec ces données et celles tirées d'autres découvertes, il s'agit de chercher

  18. 77 FR 34991 - Notice of Inventory Completion: University of California, Santa Barbara, Repository of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-12

    ... the UCSB and a student crew, as well as by the Santa Barbara County Archaeological Society. No known... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: University of California, Santa Barbara, Repository..., Interior. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB), has completed an...

  19. Early to mid-Holocene spatiotemporal vegetation changes and tsunami impact in a paradigmatic coastal transitional system (Doñana National Park, southwestern Europe)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manzano, Saúl; Carrión, José S.; López-Merino, Lourdes; Ochando, Juan; Munuera, Manuel; Fernández, Santiago; González-Sampériz, Penélope

    2018-02-01

    The southern European Doñana wetlands host a highly biodiverse landscape mosaic of complex transitional ecosystems. It is one of the largest protected natural sites in Europe, nowadays endangered by intensive agricultural practices, and more recently tourism and human-induced fires. Its present-day spatial heterogeneity has been deeply investigated for the last three decades. However, a long-term perspective has not been applied systematically to this unique landscape. In this new study, a palaeoecological approach was selected in order to unravel patterns of landscape dynamism comparing dry upland and aquatic ecosystems. A 709 cm-long sediment core was retrieved and a multi-proxy approach applied (palynological, microcharcoal, grain size, magnetic susceptibility, loss-on-ignition and multivariate statistical analyses). Pollen signatures show how sensitive aquatic wetland vegetation was to environmental changes while terrestrial vegetation was stable at millennial scale. The impact of several high energy events punctuates the Early and Middle Holocene sequence, two of which relate to the local tsunami record ( 6.6 and 9.1 cal. kyr BP). Contrasting impacts of these two events in the aquatic and upland ecosystems show the importance of landscape configuration and the contingent history as key elements for coastal protection.

  20. The Solomon Islands tsunami of 6 February 2013 field survey in the Santa Cruz Islands

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fritz, H. M.; Papantoniou, A.; Biukoto, L.; Albert, G.

    2013-12-01

    On February 6, 2013 at 01:12:27 UTC (local time: UTC+11), a magnitude Mw 8.0 earthquake occurred 70 km to the west of Ndendo Island (Santa Cruz Island) in the Solomon Islands. The under-thrusting earthquake near a 90° bend, where the Australian plate subducts beneath the Pacific plate generated a locally focused tsunami in the Coral Sea and the South Pacific Ocean. The tsunami claimed the lives of 10 people and injured 15, destroyed 588 houses and partially damaged 478 houses, affecting 4,509 people in 1,066 households corresponding to an estimated 37% of the population of Santa Cruz Island. A multi-disciplinary international tsunami survey team (ITST) was deployed within days of the event to document flow depths, runup heights, inundation distances, sediment and coral boulder depositions, land level changes, damage patterns at various scales, performance of the man-made infrastructure and impact on the natural environment. The 19 to 23 February 2013 ITST covered 30 locations on 4 Islands: Ndendo (Santa Cruz), Tomotu Noi (Lord Howe), Nea Tomotu (Trevanion, Malo) and Tinakula. The reconnaissance completely circling Ndendo and Tinakula logged 240 km by small boat and additionally covered 20 km of Ndendo's hard hit western coastline by vehicle. The collected survey data includes more than 80 tsunami runup and flow depth measurements. The tsunami impact peaked at Manoputi on Ndendo's densely populated west coast with maximum tsunami height exceeding 11 m and local flow depths above ground exceeding 7 m. A fast tide-like positive amplitude of 1 m was recorded at Lata wharf inside Graciosa Bay on Ndendo Island and misleadingly reported in the media as representative tsunami height. The stark contrast between the field observations on exposed coastlines and the Lata tide gauge recording highlights the importance of rapid tsunami reconnaissance surveys. Inundation distance and damage more than 500 m inland were recorded at Lata airport on Ndendo Island. Landslides were

  1. Submarine Landslides at Santa Catalina Island, California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Legg, M. R.; Francis, R. D.

    2011-12-01

    Santa Catalina Island is an active tectonic block of volcanic and metamorphic rocks originally exposed during middle Miocene transtension along the evolving Pacific-North America transform plate boundary. Post-Miocene transpression created the existing large pop-up structure along the major strike-slip restraining bend of the Catalina fault that forms the southwest flank of the uplift. Prominent submerged marine terraces apparent in high-resolution bathymetric maps interrupt the steep submarine slopes in the upper ~400 meters subsea depths. Steep subaerial slopes of the island are covered by Quaternary landslides, especially at the sea cliffs and in the blueschist metamorphic rocks. The submarine slopes also show numerous landslides that range in area from a few hectares to more than three sq-km (300 hectares). Three or more landslides of recent origin exist between the nearshore and first submerged terrace along the north-facing shelf of the island's West End. One of these slides occurred during September 2005 when divers observed a remarkable change in the seafloor configuration after previous dives in the area. Near a sunken yacht at about 45-ft depth where the bottom had sloped gently into deeper water, a "sinkhole" had formed that dropped steeply to 100-ft or greater depths. Some bubbling sand was observed in the shallow water areas that may be related to the landslide process. High-resolution multibeam bathymetry acquired in 2008 by CSU Monterey Bay show this "fresh" slide and at least two other slides of varying age along the West End. The slides are each roughly 2 hectares in area and their debris aprons are spread across the first terrace at about 85-m water depth that is likely associated with the Last Glacial Maximum sealevel lowstand. Larger submarine slides exist along the steep Catalina and Catalina Ridge escarpments along the southwest flank of the island platform. A prominent slide block, exceeding 3 sq-km in area, appears to have slipped more than

  2. En el Cincuentenario del Hospital Santa Clara

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gilberto Rueda Pérez

    1992-12-01

    Full Text Available

    El 16 de julio de 1942 nace el Hospital Sanatorio Antituberculoso Santa Clara en Santafé de Bogotá.
    Un siglo atrás, casi a la fecha, en 1843, nace en Alemania Roberto Koch, quien, 60 años antes de la fundación del Hospital, el 24 de marzo de 1882, presenta al mundo el descubrimiento del Micobacterium Tuberculosis, germen causante de la enfermedad que ataca alhombre desde sus más remotos orígenes y que aún nos acompaña, especialmente en los países subdesarrollados, causando severo impacto en la salud de las poblaciones más necesitadas, apesar de los grandes avances alcanzados en el campo de la Medicina a nivel mundial.
    Por haber sido destinado el Hospital altratamiento de los tuberculosos, destino que aún conserva primordialmente aunque, como se verá posteriormente, sus camas reciben enfermos de medicina general dada la evolución de los tratamientos y la modernización de los esquemas terapéuticos, se justifica ampliamente mencionar aquí los principales avances relacionados con el control de la Tuberculosis a través de los tiempos hasta la fundación del Hospital.

    Estos se pueden resumir así:

    • 'HIPOCRATES (460-377 a. C.:describe la consunción y la llama tisis; lanza el concepto de herencia que perdura por siglos.
    • ARISTOTELES(324-284a. C.:habla del contagio a través de la respiración.
    • CELSO (siglo I a. C.: describe el tubérculo y señala tres formas de consunción: atrofia, caquexia y tisis.
    • GALENO(181-261 d. C.: la agrupa con otras enfermedades transmisibles: la peste, la sarna, etc.
    • EDADMEDIA(sigloVII alXIIId. C.:se destaca únicamente como aporte nuevo Maimonides, filósofo judío radicado en Granada (11351204,quien describe la tisis de los animales.

    Posteriormente Girolamo Fracastoro (1478-1553, nacido en Verona,la asimila a la viruela y lanza la teoría microbiana.

    • PARACELSO(1493-1541pregona que: los

    • SPRACHFEHLER ALS LITERARISCHES AUSDRUCKSMITTEL ANA BILIC DAS KLEINE STÜCK VOM GROSSEN HIMMEL

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Goran Lovrić

      2015-03-01

      Full Text Available This paper elaborates a theme at the interface between linguistics and literature on the case example of a novel which belongs to the immigrant literature as part of the contemporary Austrian literature. The Croatian author Ana Bilic describes in her first novel written in German language Das kleine Stück vom großen Himmel (The small part of the big sky published in 2002 the love relationship between a Croatian unnamed female student and the Austrian student Ernst which takes place in Vienna. The unusual thing in this novel is the fact that in numerous sentences and passages the author uses a strange German language which is characterized by interference mistakes, or to be precise a Croatian-German language variation which more or less differs grammatically and lexically from standard German language. In the paper this consciously alienated language is being investigated concerning the influence of the Croatian mother tongue of the author, but also concerning common mistakes while learning German language. The paper also analyses the motivation of Ana Bilic for such in the context of immigrant literature unusual language use, which is also connected with the plot of the novel. Thus qualitative as well as quantitative methods of analysis are being used, whereby the former ones refer to the content and the latter ones to the frequency of interference mistakes in the book. The interference mistakes belong on one side to the fictional (text-internal world and on the other side to the factual (text-external level, because they reflect the plot of the book and establish on the level of content and language a connection between the first-person narrator and the author, who also had to learn German after her arrival to Vienna. As a result of this most interference mistakes appear in the first chapters of the novel, which reflects the first phase in German language learning of the female narrator. Further on in the novel the quantity of the mistakes

    • Santa Fé ante el ataque de Raleigh a la Guayana

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Manuel Lucena Salmoral

      1962-11-01

      Full Text Available A la una de la tarde del 12 de enero de 1618 comenzaron a desembarcar los efectivos militares que el corsario inglés Walter Raleigh lanzaba contra la pequeña ciudad de Santo Tomé (Guayana, dependiente por aquel entonces, como toda la provincia de El Dorado, de la Real Audiencia de Santa Fé.

    • Coyote Creek (Santa Clara County) Pilot Revegetation Project

      Science.gov (United States)

      John T. Stanley; L. R. Silva; H. C. Appleton; M. S. Marangio; W. J. Lapaz; B. H. Goldner

      1989-01-01

      The Santa Clara Valley Water District, located in Northern California, is currently evaluating a pilot riparian revegetation project on a 1.6 ha (4 ac) site adjacent to Coyote Creek in the south San Francisco Bay Area. Specific techniques used during the design, site preparation and installation of 3640 plants (including seed planting locations) are described. This...

    • Quantifying Sulfur-Containing Compounds Over the Santa Barbara Channel

      Science.gov (United States)

      Black, J.; Hughes, S.; Blake, D. R.

      2016-12-01

      Carbonyl sulfide (OCS) is emitted to the atmosphere through the outgassing of ocean surface waters. OCS is also the primary source of sulfur-containing compounds in the stratosphere and contributes to the formation of the stratospheric sulfate layer. During the 2016 Student Airborne Research Program (SARP), whole air samples were collected on the NASA DC-8 aircraft over the Santa Barbara Channel. Five additional surface samples were taken at various locations along the Santa Barbara Channel. The samples were analyzed using gas chromatography in the Rowland-Blake lab at UC Irvine, and compounds such as OCS, dimethyl sulfide (DMS), carbon disulfide (CS2), bromoform (CHBr3), and methyl iodide (CH3I) associated with ocean emissions and stratospheric aerosols were analyzed. These marine sourced compounds, excluding OCS, showed expected trends of dilution with increasing altitude. The surface samples from the Santa Barbara Channel all exhibited elevated concentrations of OCS in comparison to samples taken from the aircraft, with an average of 666 ± 12 pptv, whereas the average background concentration of OCS was 587 ± 19 pptv. SARP flights from 2009-2015 over the Santa Barbara Channel saw an average OCS concentration of 548 ± 26 pptv. Elevated levels of OCS have never been detected from the aircraft during SARP flights, indicating that OCS emissions must be measured using surface sampling if emission estimates from the ocean are to be evaluated.

    • Natural Law, Santa Clara, and the Supreme Court.

      Science.gov (United States)

      Rodgers, Raymond S.; Lujan, Phillip

      The court case, "Santa Clara Pueblo, et al. v. Julia Martinez, et al.," is the subject of this paper. It gives the background of the case of a woman whose children were refused admittance to tribal rolls because of an ordinance prohibiting the enrollment of children whose father is not a tribal member. The paper gives the arguments of…

    • Seafloor off Pleasure Point, Santa Cruz County, California

      Science.gov (United States)

      Storlazzi, Curt D.; Golden, Nadine E.; Gibbons, Helen

      2013-01-01

      The seafloor off Pleasure Point, Santa Cruz County, California, is extremely varied, with sandy flats, boulder fields, faults, and complex bedrock ridges. These ridges support rich marine ecosystems; some of them form the "reefs" that produce world-class surf breaks. Colors indicate seafloor depth, from red-orange (about 2 meters or 7 feet) to magenta (25 meters or 82 feet)

    • Updates on the genus Euphorbia (Euphorbiaceae) in Santa Catarina, Brazil

      DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

      Hassemer, Gustavo; Marques da Silva, Otávio Luis; Funez, Luís Adriano

      2017-01-01

      This contribution presents updates to the knowledge of the species of Euphorbia that occur in Santa Catarina state, southern Brazil. More specifically, we here typify the names E. cyathophora, E. hirtella, E. paranensis and E. stenophylla, and present the first records of E. cyathophora, E...

    • [Medical speciality, belief in Santa and the risk of divorce].

      Science.gov (United States)

      Lund, Kamma Sundgaard; Aabenhus, Rune Munck; Arreskov, Anne Beiter

      2016-12-12

      Christmas is a unique time for family occasions - unfortunately the number of divorces increase in the months after Christmas. In this study, we examined the relationship between medical speciality, length of relationship, risk of divorce and if belief in Santa impacted on these outcomes. A questionnaire was developed from the lived experiences of the authors and distributed to doctors of any speciality through links (SurveyXact) in emails, text messages and Facebook from June 28 2016 to August 1 2016. Multivariate regression models were used to analyze the results. A total of 1,100 completed questionnaires were included in the analyses. The divorce rate among respondents was 12%. Compared to the speciality "general practice" all other specialities had higher divorce rates. The highest risk of divorce was reported by physicians specialized in psychiatry (odds ratio 2.13 (95% confidence interval: 1.03-4.43)). Belief in Santa was associated with a slightly increased risk of divorce in all medical specialities, with the exception of psychiatry. General practitioners also exhibited the longest duration of relationships compared to peers in other medical specialities. Being a general practitioner was associated with a low risk of divorce and significantly longer relationships than in other medical specialities. Belief in Santa in regard to divorce only seemed to be beneficial for psychiatrists. So please participate in the joy of Christmas but do not rely on Santa - go shop your own presents for the family. none. not relevant.

    • A Santa Sé e a Conferência de Helsinque

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      Virgílio Caixeta Arraes

      2011-02-01

      Full Text Available A presente exposição busca, brevemente, estudar a atuação da Santa Sé durante a Conferência de Helsinque e analisar a diplomacia pontifica durante esse período da Guerra Fria.

    • Breeding and trade of wildlife in Santa Catarina state, Brazil

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      VV Kuhnen

      Full Text Available The wildlife trade is becoming increasingly more relevant in discussions concerning conservation biology and the sustainable management of natural resources. The aim of this study was to document the trade and breeding of wildlife in Santa Catarina state, in southern Brazil. Data was collected from annual reports (1996-2008 of wildlife breeders which were sent to IBAMA. By the end of 2008, there were 79 wildlife breeders and 11 wildlife traders distributed in Santa Catarina. Commercial breeding accounted for the highest number of breeders (51%. In total, there are 213 species of wild animals bred in the state: 177 birds, 19 mammals and 17 reptiles. Of these, 48% are native to Santa Catarina, 32% occur in other Brazilian states and 20% are exotic to Brazil. Nine percent of the species bred are vulnerable or endangered. It was observed that some breeders reported breeding unauthorized species. Altogether, 93 species are bred illegally by 19 breeders. Of these species, 48 are native to Santa Catarina and three are classified as vulnerable or in danger of extinction. We hope the data presented in this paper contributes to the development of conservation strategies and conscious use of wildlife resources in Brazil.

    • Breeding and trade of wildlife in Santa Catarina state, Brazil.

      Science.gov (United States)

      Kuhnen, V V; Remor, J O; Lima, R E M

      2012-02-01

      The wildlife trade is becoming increasingly more relevant in discussions concerning conservation biology and the sustainable management of natural resources. The aim of this study was to document the trade and breeding of wildlife in Santa Catarina state, in southern Brazil. Data was collected from annual reports (1996-2008) of wildlife breeders which were sent to IBAMA. By the end of 2008, there were 79 wildlife breeders and 11 wildlife traders distributed in Santa Catarina. Commercial breeding accounted for the highest number of breeders (51%). In total, there are 213 species of wild animals bred in the state: 177 birds, 19 mammals and 17 reptiles. Of these, 48% are native to Santa Catarina, 32% occur in other Brazilian states and 20% are exotic to Brazil. Nine percent of the species bred are vulnerable or endangered. It was observed that some breeders reported breeding unauthorized species. Altogether, 93 species are bred illegally by 19 breeders. Of these species, 48 are native to Santa Catarina and three are classified as vulnerable or in danger of extinction. We hope the data presented in this paper contributes to the development of conservation strategies and conscious use of wildlife resources in Brazil.

    • Islas de Old Providence y Santa Catalina. Presente y futuro

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      June Marie Mow

      2005-11-01

      Full Text Available Las Islas de Providencia y Santa Catalina ofrecen una combinación única de diversidad biológica y autenticidad cultural, convirtiéndose en las Islas menos degradadas ambiental y culturalmente en el Caribe; son áreas naturales, con bajos niveles de turismo, relativamente intactas en las cuales la comunidad isleña nativa local juega un papel significativo. La falta de una marca como destino turístico único nacional e internacionalmente, la baja conectividad, la carencia de una estrategia promocional, así como la baja importancia del sector para el gobierno local, brindan la oportunidad para que el ecoturismo trabaje para la gente de Old Providence y Santa Catalina bajo sus propias reglas de juego y que la voluntad política no sea desviada por ganancias de corto plazo o esquemas superficialmente muy atractivos, pero que no generan beneficios para la población local. La visión de la gente de Old Providence y Santa Catalina es que, sea el ecoturismo la forma de ofrecer nuevas opciones socioeconómicas a las poblaciones locales para que puedan obtener los beneficios de sus senderos, playas, arrecifes y áreas naturales, la tradición, y cultura local. Para ello, es posible aprovechar de manera sostenible la introducción de un nuevo paradigma para el desarrollo sostenible de Old Providence y Santa Catalina: La Reserva de Biosfera Seaflower.

    • Cultural resources of the Santa Rita Experimental Range

      Science.gov (United States)

      John H. Madsen

      2003-01-01

      The Santa Rita Experimental Range is a vast open space with few signs of houses or human habitation, but at one time it was quite the opposite scene. Archaeological surface inspections reveal heavy use of the Range dating back hundreds of years. This paper will review the history of cultural resource management on the Range and provide a timeline of local cultural...

    • Ion microprobe (SHRIMP dates complex granulite from Santa Catarina, southern Brazil

      Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

      LÉO A. HARTMANN

      2000-12-01

      Full Text Available Complex polymetamorphic granulites have been dated in the Santa Catarina granulite complex of southern Brazil through SHRIMP study of zircon. This complex is dominated by intermediate-acid plutonic rocks and contains small volumes of mafic and ultramafic rocks, and minor quartzite and banded iron formation. Porphyroblasts of orthopyroxene, clinopyroxene and plagioclase in mafic and acid rocks are interpreted as magmatic remnants in a volumetrically dominant granoblastic aggregate (M1 of the same minerals and hornblende. Hornblende formed during a later M2 metamorphic event constitutes rims around pyroxene, but the hornblende is also rimmed by granoblastic simplectites of orthopyroxene, clinopyroxene, hornblende and plagioclase in a second granulite facies event (M3. Chlorite and epidote occur in shear zones (M4. This granulite terrain is part of a Neoproterozoic craton, because it was little affected by the Brasiliano Cycle. The two granulite-facies events (M1 and M3 are dated by U/Pb zircon SHRIMP at about 2.68 and 2.17 Ga, while the magmatic protoliths formed at about 2.72 Ga. The amphibolite facies event (M2 probably occurred close to the 2.17 Ga granulitic metamorphism.

    • Liquefaction Hazard Maps for Three Earthquake Scenarios for the Communities of San Jose, Campbell, Cupertino, Los Altos, Los Gatos, Milpitas, Mountain View, Palo Alto, Santa Clara, Saratoga, and Sunnyvale, Northern Santa Clara County, California

      Science.gov (United States)

      Holzer, Thomas L.; Noce, Thomas E.; Bennett, Michael J.

      2008-01-01

      Maps showing the probability of surface manifestations of liquefaction in the northern Santa Clara Valley were prepared with liquefaction probability curves. The area includes the communities of San Jose, Campbell, Cupertino, Los Altos, Los Gatos Milpitas, Mountain View, Palo Alto, Santa Clara, Saratoga, and Sunnyvale. The probability curves were based on complementary cumulative frequency distributions of the liquefaction potential index (LPI) for surficial geologic units in the study area. LPI values were computed with extensive cone penetration test soundings. Maps were developed for three earthquake scenarios, an M7.8 on the San Andreas Fault comparable to the 1906 event, an M6.7 on the Hayward Fault comparable to the 1868 event, and an M6.9 on the Calaveras Fault. Ground motions were estimated with the Boore and Atkinson (2008) attenuation relation. Liquefaction is predicted for all three events in young Holocene levee deposits along the major creeks. Liquefaction probabilities are highest for the M7.8 earthquake, ranging from 0.33 to 0.37 if a 1.5-m deep water table is assumed, and 0.10 to 0.14 if a 5-m deep water table is assumed. Liquefaction probabilities of the other surficial geologic units are less than 0.05. Probabilities for the scenario earthquakes are generally consistent with observations during historical earthquakes.

    • 75 FR 74056 - Request for Public Comment on the Proposed Adoption of Administration for Native Americans (ANA...

      Science.gov (United States)

      2010-11-30

      ... HUMAN SERVICES Administration for Children and Families Request for Public Comment on the Proposed Adoption of Administration for Native Americans (ANA) Program Policies and Procedures AGENCY... members of the public at the Administration for Native Americans, 901 D Street, SW., Washington, DC 20447...

    • Evidence for seasonal patterns in the relative abundance of avian influenza virus subtypes in blue-winged teal (Anas discors).

      Science.gov (United States)

      Ramey, Andrew M; Poulson, Rebecca L; González-Reiche, Ana S; Wilcox, Benjamin R; Walther, Patrick; Link, Paul; Carter, Deborah L; Newsome, George M; Müller, Maria L; Berghaus, Roy D; Perez, Daniel R; Hall, Jeffrey S; Stallknecht, David E

      2014-10-01

      Seasonal dynamics of influenza A viruses (IAVs) are driven by host density and population immunity. Through an analysis of subtypic data for IAVs isolated from Blue-winged Teal (Anas discors), we present evidence for seasonal patterns in the relative abundance of viral subtypes in spring and summer/autumn.

    • 78 FR 53780 - Notice of Realty Action: Direct Sale of Public Land in Doña Ana County, NM

      Science.gov (United States)

      2013-08-30

      ... in Do a Ana County, New Mexico. The public land would be sold to the Union Pacific Railroad for $11... Union Pacific Railroad, the adjoining landowner, in accordance with Sections 203 and 209 of the Federal... as follows: New Mexico Principal Meridian, New Mexico T. 28 S., R. 2 E., Sec. 11, lot 2; Sec. 14, lot...

  1. 78 FR 23769 - Notice of Final Issuance on the Adoption of Administration for Native Americans (ANA) Program...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-22

    ... in reference to ANA's new administrative policy focused on conflict of interest standards that states... as it currently allows two teachers to serve as members of the school board, as required by their... personnel to align with this policy due to the extreme shortage of certified ] teachers with requisite...

  2. Darbinieku motivācijas pilnveidošanas iespējas uzņēmumā "X"

    OpenAIRE

    Vējiņš, Artūrs

    2013-01-01

    Bakalaura darbā „Darbinieku motivācijas pilnveidošanas iespējas uzņēmumā „x”” apskatītas un analizētas motivācijas teorijas, autors pētījis motivēšanas kā uzņēmuma vadības funkciju, kā arī apkopojis informāciju par mazo uzņēmumu motivēšanas pieredzi. Bakalaura darba mērķis ir analizēt uzņēmuma „x” motivācijas sistēmu un izstrādāt priekšlikumus tās pilnveidošanai. Autors izvirza sekojošus darba uzdevumus: 1.Pētīt un analizēt personāla motivēšana teorijas un literatūras avotus, kā ...

  3. Conscientizacion of the Oppressed Language and the Politics of Humor in Ana Castillo's "So Far from God"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thananopavarn, Susan

    2012-01-01

    This essay explores the relationship between Ana Castillo's novel "So Far from God" (1993) and her development of an activist poetics inspired by Paulo Freire's influential 1970 treatise "Pedagogy of the Oppressed." "So Far from God" may be understood as the practical application of Castillo's theory of "conscienticized poetics"; that is, the…

  4. Siebel atskaišu modulis un tā iespēju uzlabošana

    OpenAIRE

    Heniņš, Aivis

    2014-01-01

    Lai klientiem nodrošinātu efektīvu atskaišu veidošanas risinājumu ieviešanu, nepieciešams labi pārvaldīt Siebel CRM atskaišu sagatavošanas moduļa Oracle BI Publisher iespējas un apzināties potenciālās problēmas un to iespējamos risinājumus. Bakalaura darba mērķis ir Siebel CRM atskaišu sagatavošanas moduļa Oracle BI Publisher iespēju analīze un uzlabošana. Darba teorētiskajā daļā tiek apskatīti Siebel CRM un BI Publisher darbības principi un iespējamās problēmas, bet praktiskā daļa balstās...

  5. The Deserted Merced. Possesion and Duty of Properties in Maiz Gordo and Santa Barbara (Jujuy, Argentina, from 1850 to 1910

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cecilia A. Fandos

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Based on the processes of constitution of public land in the 19th century in Argentina, this article is focused in the particular case of Maíz Gordo y Santa Bárbara (province of Jujuy, where a special phenomenon of the state control occured due to ignore the private rights of a land that was supposed to be deserted. We intend to investigate the different forms and evolution of property rights during this whole event, considering, on the one hand, the expropriated actors and the new owners, and on the other hand, the people who effectively populated them (tenants, ocuppants of fact, etc..

  6. Wander Lust: Genre, Sexuality and Identity in Ana Kokkinos’s Head On

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joe Hardwick

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available While the road movie has long held a privileged place in Australian cinema, less prevalent, though increasingly present, has been the street movie, which—like its road movie cousin—poses important questions about identity in tracing the trajectory of its wanderer protagonists. The most remarkable recent example of an Australian street movie is Ana Kokkinos’s 1997 feature Head On. The film recounts a day in the life of a late adolescent Greek-Australian male who wanders the streets participating in sexual encounters with mainly, though not exclusively, other men. Whereas reviews and articles have generally read the film as a coming out narrative, this article—with reference to Ross Chambers’ theories on digressive narratives in his book Loiterature—will argue that Head On rejects the simplistic teleology of the coming out story in favour of a much more complex understanding of adolescent male sexuality.

  7. Biomimicry of multifunctional nanostructures in the neck feathers of mallard (Anas platyrhynchos L.) drakes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khudiyev, Tural; Dogan, Tamer; Bayindir, Mehmet

    2014-04-01

    Biological systems serve as fundamental sources of inspiration for the development of artificially colored devices, and their investigation provides a great number of photonic design opportunities. While several successful biomimetic designs have been detailed in the literature, conventional fabrication techniques nonetheless remain inferior to their natural counterparts in complexity, ease of production and material economy. Here, we investigate the iridescent neck feathers of Anas platyrhynchos drakes, show that they feature an unusual arrangement of two-dimensional (2D) photonic crystals and further exhibit a superhydrophobic surface, and mimic this multifunctional structure using a nanostructure composite fabricated by a recently developed top-down iterative size reduction method, which avoids the above-mentioned fabrication challenges, provides macroscale control and enhances hydrophobicity through the surface structure. Our 2D solid core photonic crystal fibres strongly resemble drake neck plumage in structure and fully polymeric material composition, and can be produced in wide array of colors by minor alterations during the size reduction process.

  8. Translocation of wild Laysan Teal Anas laysanensis from Laysan Island to Midway Atoll: Project update

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reynolds, M.H.; Breeden, J.H.; Klavitter, J.L.

    2007-01-01

    The Laysan Teal Anas laysanensis is endemic to the Hawaiian Islands, where it has been restricted to Laysan Island over the last 150 years. Individuals of this endangered species have recently been translocated to the two largest islands that comprise Midway Atoll National Wildlife Refuge, to reduce the risk of the Laysan Teal becoming extinct. Post-release monitoring with the aid of radio-telemetry was conducted to determine the success of the reintroduction attempt during October 2004-2007. The population was found to have increased after three breeding seasons, from forty-two founders sourced directly from Laysan, to a population of ??? 192 post-fledglings juveniles and adults. ?? Wildfowl & Wetlands Trust.

  9. Nature does not exist: conservationisms and international relations in Doñana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lino Camprubí

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available The paper starts by discarding the methodological approach to the history of Natural Parks that sees them as steps towards the “conservation of Nature” - with a capital N. Rather, it situates the history of Doñana within its political, personal and scientific contexts. These contexts bring us to an international scale marked by the decolonization of the British Empire and the transformation of ornithology and ecology as disciplines. Bird migratory routes contributed to the Park’s international dimension, in which context the agreement between the World Wildlife Fund (WWF and the Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC took place. Creation of the Park opened the door to new conflicts among diverging ways of understanding conservation and different scientific categorizations of Doñana’s territory. The resolution of these conflicts depended on strengths and alliances, which allows us to conclude by refining our methodological starting point.

  10. SQL injekciju uzbrukumu analīze un novēršana

    OpenAIRE

    Kudiņa, Monta

    2015-01-01

    Šī darba mērķis ir iepazīties ar populārākajiem SQL injekciju uzbrukumu veidiem, apzināties kā uzbrukumi tiek realizēti, un noskaidrot preventīvos pasākumus uzbrukumu novēršanai. Bakalaura darbā “SQL injekciju uzbrukumu analīze un novēršana” tiek apskatīti SQL injekciju uzbrukumu veidi un metodes, uzbrukumu realizācijas dažādās datubāzes platformās, SQL injekciju uzbrukumu atklāšana un pasākumi uzbrukumu novēšanai. Darba gaitā tika gan teorētiski, gan praktiski iepazīti SQL uzbrukumi, un apsk...

  11. A Cinema’s Female Worker in a Musical Key: Ana Satrova

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Virginia Sánchez Rodríguez

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Despite the remote origin of women in music, today the presence of names of women dedicated to musical composition remains limited in historiography. Also references to fi lm music composers are even more unusual, although cinema is probably the most important art in the 20th Century. According to these circumstances, in this paper we propose an approach to Ana Satrova, a composer of original soundtracks who worked in the Spanish film area between 1969 and 1985. In this occasion, we offer a stylistic and visual studio about his first work in the Spanish cinema of Franco’s regime: Homicidios en Chicago (1969, José María Zabalza

  12. Pārskatu ģenerēšanas bibliotēka Python valodai

    OpenAIRE

    Paltovs, Deniss

    2012-01-01

    Kvalifikācijas darba pamatā ir pārskatu ģenerēšanas bibliotēka Python valodai - PythonReports, kura ļauj Python izstrādātajiem no datiem un šablona izveidot izdruku uz ekrāna vai printera. Gala produkts ir vizuālais redaktors, kurš ļauj ērti un uzskatāmi veidot un rediģēt PythonReports šablonus, izmantojot mūsdienu lietotāju saskarnes tehnoloģijas operētājsistēmās ar grafisku lietotāja saskarni. Kvalifikācijas darbs balstās uz iepriekšējo pieredzi, iegūto izmantojot līdzīgus rīkus citās sist...

  13. First palaeoseismological data on the Santa Marta Fault System, Northern Colombia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Idárraga, J.

    2009-04-01

    The Santa Marta Fault System (SMFS) is a NNW-striking major structural feature that controls the western foothills of the Sierra Nevada of Santa Marta (northern Colombia), the world's highest coastal relief. Morphotectonically, the SMFS exhibits an arrangement of parallel to subparallel fault traces. These traces are associated with a set of offset streams indicating a left-lateral component for displacement. NE-trending compressive structures as reverse faults (e.g. the Orihueca and San Pedro faults) and folds (the Fundación Anticline), and NW-trending distensive structures as normal faults are present too. These structures are consistent with a left-lateral shear zone striking NNW. An unlitified ruditic deposit with tectonic deformation crops out at the Riofrío site; this deposit consists of a series of debris slope layers linked to a deyection cone. The documented deformation in this outcrop is characterized by a tilting of the sequence to NE (against the direction of deposition) and by the presence of inverse faulting in which the coseismic displacement could have been distributed across distensive structures (normal faults and opened fractures). A magnitude (Mw) of 6.4 was calculated for the compressive event based on the displacement measured on the outcrop; this value corresponds to a minimum magnitude. Unfortunately, it has not been possible to date the deposits to constrain the tectonic events in time. The results of this research constitute the first data on the palaeoseismology of the SMFS, and are an important basis for future paleoseismic studies that allow calculating the seismic hazard of the region and giving an approximation of the Plio-Quaternary evolution of the South American northwestern corner.

  14. California State Waters Map Series: offshore of Santa Barbara, California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Samuel Y.; Dartnell, Peter; Cochrane, Guy R.; Golden, Nadine E.; Phillips, Eleyne L.; Ritchie, Andrew C.; Greene, H. Gary; Krigsman, Lisa M.; Kvitek, Rikk G.; Dieter, Bryan E.; Endris, Charles A.; Seitz, Gordon G.; Sliter, Ray W.; Erdey, Mercedes D.; Gutierrez, Carlos I.; Wong, Florence L.; Yoklavich, Mary M.; Draut, Amy E.; Hart, Patrick E.; Conrad, James E.; Cochran, Susan A.; Johnson, Samuel Y.; Cochran, Susan A.

    2013-01-01

    In 2007, the California Ocean Protection Council initiated the California Seafloor Mapping Program (CSMP), designed to create a comprehensive seafloor map of high-resolution bathymetry, marine benthic habitats, and geology within the 3-nautical-mile limit of California’s State Waters. The CSMP approach is to create highly detailed seafloor maps through collection, integration, interpretation, and visualization of swath sonar data, acoustic backscatter, seafloor video, seafloor photography, high-resolution seismic-reflection profiles, and bottom-sediment sampling data. The map products display seafloor morphology and character, identify potential marine benthic habitats, and illustrate both the surficial seafloor geology and shallow (to about 100 m) subsurface geology. The Offshore of Santa Barbara map area lies within the central Santa Barbara Channel region of the Southern California Bight. This geologically complex region forms a major biogeographic transition zone, separating the cold-temperate Oregonian province north of Point Conception from the warm-temperate California province to the south. The map area is in the southern part of the Western Transverse Ranges geologic province, which is north of the California Continental Borderland. Significant clockwise rotation—at least 90°—since the early Miocene has been proposed for the Western Transverse Ranges province, and geodetic studies indicate that the region is presently undergoing north-south shortening. Uplift rates (as much as 2.2 mm/yr) that are based on studies of onland marine terraces provide further evidence of significant shortening. The city of Santa Barbara, the main coastal population center in the map area, is part of a contiguous urban area that extends from Carpinteria to Goleta. This urban area was developed on the coalescing alluvial surfaces, uplifted marine terraces, and low hills that lie south of the east-west-trending Santa Ynez Mountains. Several beaches line the actively

  15. Palabras como espejos: la identidad en la poesía de Ana Istarú

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandra M. Aventín Fontana

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available La poesía de Ana Istarú se erige a principios del siglo XXI como un imaginario rico y de obligada visita, pues refleja el resultado del proceso histórico de la forja de la identidad del pueblo costarricense tras la independencia de la metrópoli en el marco de su historia literaria, de la centroamericana y en el de habla hispana con toda la problemática que ello implica en territorio tico. Los poemas de La estación de fiebre manifiestan el deseo de independencia e integración de la mujer en el ámbito de lo público a través del cuerpo y de la palabra en el último tercio del siglo XX. Para ello la escritora no duda en denunciar igualmente en su discurso las consecuencias negativas que ha tenido el patriarcado. Ana Istarú’s poetry began to develop in the early twenty-first century as a rich imaginary not to be missed. It reflects the result of a historical process to forge the identity of Costa Ricans after their independence in the framework of literary history and in particular of Central America and the Spanish-speaking community with all the complexity that this involves in Costa Rica. The poems in La estación de fiebre show a desire for independence and the integration of the woman in the public sphere through her body and through her words in the last third of the twentieth century. Likewise, in her writing Istarú does not hesitate to denounce the negative effects of patriarchy.

  16. Hormigas (Hymenoptera: Formicidae de la provincia de Santa Fe, Argentina Ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae of Santa Fe province, Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Vittar

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo pretende aportar una lista faunística actualizada de las subfamilias, tribus, géneros y especies de hormigas de la provincia de Santa Fe, Argentina. Si bien estos listados tienen poca duración temporal, contribuyen en gran medida a incrementar el conocimiento de un taxón determinado, despertando interés y brindando una herramienta fundamental para el desarrollo de estudios posteriores. Como resultado, nueve registros son nuevos para la Argentina y dos géneros y 18 citas de especies nuevas para la provincia de Santa Fe.The present paper provides an updated faunistic list of the subfamilies, tribes, genera and species of ants of Santa Fe province, Argentina. To a great extent, these listings contribute to increase the knowledge of a specific taxa, awaking interest, and offering a fundamental tool for the development of subsequent studies. As a result, nine species are cited as new for Argentina, and two genera and 18 species are cited for Santa Fe province for the first time.

  17. The Influence of the Antarctic Oscillation (AAO on Cold Waves and Occurrence of Frosts in the State of Santa Catarina, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maikon Passos A. Alves

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines the relationship between the Antarctic Oscillation (AAO, cold waves and occurrence of frosts in the state of Santa Catarina, Brazil, during the winter quarter. Research on this topic can assist different spheres of society, such as public health and agriculture, since cold waves can influence and/or aggravate health problems and frosts can inflict economic losses especially in the agricultural sector. For the purpose of this paper, cold wave is considered as the event in which the daily average surface air temperature was at least two standard deviations below the average value of the series on the day and for two consecutive days or more. The data on the average air temperature and frost occurrences are provided by the Company of Agricultural Research and Rural Extension of Santa Catarina/Center for Environmental Information and Hydrometeorology (EPAGRI/CIRAM. The AAO was subjected to statistical analysis using significance tests for the averages (Student’s t-test and variances (F-test with a significance level of α = 5%. The results show that cold waves are unevenly distributed in the agroecological zones of Santa Catarina. It is found that the AAO is associated with the occurrence of frosts (in the agroecological zones represented by the municipalities of Itajaí and São José in the state of Santa Catarina.

  18. Pro-ana versus Pro-recovery: A Content Analytic Comparison of Social Media Users’ Communication about Eating Disorders on Twitter and Tumblr

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dawn B. Branley

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: To compare how people communicate about eating disorders on two popular social media platforms – Twitter and Tumblr.Materials and Methods: Thematic analysis was conducted to characterize the types of communications posted, and a content analysis was undertaken of between-platform differences.Results: Three types of content (pro-ana, anti-ana, and pro-recovery were posted on each platform. Overall, across both platforms, extreme pro-ana posts were in the minority compared to anti-ana and pro-recovery. Pro-ana posts (including ‘thinspiration’ were more common on Twitter than Tumblr, whereas anti-ana and pro-recovery posts were more common on Tumblr.Conclusion: The findings have implications for future research and health care relating to the treatment and prevention of eating disorders. Developers of future interventions targeting negative pro-ana content should remain aware of the need to avoid any detrimental impact on positive online support.

  19. Bilingvālās audzināšanas pieredze Rīgas pirmsskolas izglītības iestādēs

    OpenAIRE

    Anufrijeva, Larisa

    2008-01-01

    Darbā analizēti bilingvālās audzināšanas pedagoģiskie pamati, pirmsskolas bilingvālās audzināšanas ieviešanas pedagoģiskie nosacījumi. Veikts pētījums par bilingvālās audzināšanas nosacījumu ievērošanu audzināšanas darbā. Darba mērķis: Noteikt bilingvālās audzināšanas pozitīvas pieredzes attīstības nosacījumus. Pētījuma hipotēze: Bilingvālās audzināšanas pozitīvā pieredze attīstās, ja: pirmsskolas skolotājam (audzinātājam) ir pozitīva attieksme pret bilingvismu; bērnam tiek sniegts atba...

  20. Topography's event

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Munck Petersen, Rikke

    measure is not there alone since you measure it in something both visual, physical and shaped by views and ideas of society; something thought and abstract. Such knowledge point out the need for being able to measure other factors that visual and physical. Metrical and proportional view of the world seems...... - to stimulate and elaborate the event of conception and topological thinking....

  1. Topography's event

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Munck Petersen, Rikke

    The aim of the paper is first to discuss how horizon and scale can be understood, secondly how they differ and what they might have in common? If topography can be seen as a way of working with these relations experiences, creations and latencies? Thirdly if diagrams and diagrammatology can bring...... - to stimulate and elaborate the event of conception and topological thinking....

  2. Ferrugem em framboesa no estado de Santa Catarina Red raspberry rust in Santa Catarina state

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo Trezzi Casa

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Folhas e frutos de framboesa (Rubus idaeus L. da cultivar Batum coletados de plantas do pomar do Centro de Ciências Agroveterinárias, CAV, município de Lages-SC, apresentando pústulas de ferrugem, foram encaminhados para análise no Laboratório de Fitopatologia do CAV. A diagnose indireta indicou a presença de pústulas com uma massa de esporos de cor amarela na face abaxial das folhas e superfície dos frutos. No exame ao microscópio, observou-se urédia e urediniósporos pequenos, obovados ou elipsoides, medindo 12,5-17,5 x 15,0-30,0 µm sobre a epiderme da folha e frutos, sem a presença de télias. Suspensão de urediniósporos (50.000 esporos mL-1 em água esterilizada foi pulverizada em folhas destacadas da mesma cultivar, mantidas por 24 h no escuro e 12 h de fotoperíodo em câmara úmida a 20ºC. Folhas-controle foram pulverizadas com água esterilizada. Após 10 dias detectaram-se urédias contendo urediniósporos na face abaxial das folhas, cujas características morfológicas e mensuração dos urediniósporos, sintomas e patogenicidade permitiram a identificação do agente causal como sendo Pucciniastrum americanum (Farl. Arthur pela primeira vez no Estado de Santa Catarina.Leaves and fruits of red raspberry (Rubus idaeus L. of the cultivar Batum collected from the Agriculture and Life Science College - CAV orchard in Lages, SC, presenting rust pustules were analyzed in the CAV Plant Pathology Laboratory. Indirect diagnosis indicated in the abaxial side of the infected leaves and fruits surface pustules filled with masses of yellow spores. Under microscope exam, uredia and small, obovate or elliptical and averaged 12,5-17,5 x 15,0-30,0 µm urediniospores become evident in leaves and fruit surface. Telia were not observed. Urediniopores (50.000 esporos mL-1 were suspended in sterile water and sprayed onto same cultivar leaves that were maintained in a darkened mist chamber at 20ºC for 24 h and transferred to a 20ºC and 12 h

  3. Future Events

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adli Tıp Uzmanları Derneği ATUD

    2005-04-01

    Delgada, Azores, Portugal. Further information: http://www.ipatimup.pt/isfg2005 E-mail: isfg2005@ipatimup.pt National Organisation for the Treatment of Abusers, 15th Annual Conference 2005 September 14-16 2005, Dublin, Republic of Ireland. Further information: http://www.nota.co.uk 6th International Symposium on Advances in Legal Medicine (6th ISALM September 19-24 2005, Hamburg, Germany. Further information: Prof. Klaus Puschel, Universitats-Klinikum-Eppendorf, Butenfeld 34, D-22529 Hamburg, Germany. Phone: 49-40-428.032.127; Fax: 49-40- 428033934; E-mail: 6.ISALM@rechtsmed-hh.de; http:// www.isalm2005.rechtsmed-hh.de Avrupa Konsültasyon Liyezon Psikiyatrisi ve Psikosomatik Birliği 8. Bilimsel Toplantısı 21-24 Eylül 2005, İstanbul “21. Yüzyılda psikiyatri ile tıbbın bütünleştirilmesi” Crown Plaza Otel, Istanbul Prof. Dr. Sedat Özkan İstanbul Üniversitesi İstanbul Tıp Fakültesi, Psikiyatri Anabi-lim Dalı, Konsültasyon Liyezon Psikiyatrisi Bilim Dalı Çapa /İstanbul Turkey E-Posta: sedatozkan@eaclpp2005.org International Association of Bloodstain Pattern Analysts Annual Training Conference October 5-7, 2005 Santa Barbara, CA, USA. Further information: Santa Barbara Radisson Hotel, Santa Barbara, California. Conference information and registration forms are on the IABPA. Website: www.iabpa.org Sexual Offences November 4-6 2005Wyboston, Bedfordshire, UK. Further information: Information from The Forensic Science Society. E-mail: Tracey@forensic-science-society. org.uk Canada American Society of Criminology Meeting November 15-19 2005, Toronto. Further information: www.asc41.com 41. Ulusal Psikiyatri Kongresi 15-20 Kasım 2005, Palandöken-Erzurum Dünden yarma ülkemizde psikiyatri İletişim: Prof. Dr. İsmet Kırpmar Atatürk Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Psikiyatri Anabilim Dalı Tel: 0 442 236 12 12/1597 E-Posta: kirpinar@atauni.edu.tr V. Ulusal Travma ve Acil Cerrahi Kongresi 16-\t20 Kasım 2005, Side-Antalya Silence Beach Resort, Side

  4. 33 CFR 334.730 - Waters of Santa Rosa Sound and Gulf of Mexico adjacent to Santa Rosa Island, Air Force Proving...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Gulf of Mexico adjacent to Santa Rosa Island, Air Force Proving Ground Command, Eglin Air Force Base... Sound and Gulf of Mexico adjacent to Santa Rosa Island, Air Force Proving Ground Command, Eglin Air... regulations. (1) Experimental test operations will be conducted by the U.S. Air Force within the prohibited...

  5. Mammalia, Didelphimorphia and Rodentia, central Santa Fe Province, Argentine.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Teta, P.

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Three owl pellets samples collected in the localities of Pedro Gómez Cello (= Estación Km. 197;30°02’14” S, 60°18’56” W, Colonia Silva (= Estación Abipones; 30°26’59” S, 60°25’58” W and Jacinto L. Arauz(30°44’01” S, 60°58’31” W, Province of Santa Fe, Argentina, were studied. We registered 11 genera of smallmammals, including Didelphidae marsupials (1 species, and Caviidae (1, Cricetidae (10, and Muridae (1rodents. We documented the southernmost record for Pseudoryzomys simplex and the first and second recordinglocalities for Santa Fe of Oligoryzomys nigripes and Graomys chacoensis, respectively.

  6. Elektrovadītspējas noteikšana poli(ēter ēter ketona) membrānām ar dažādām sulfonēšanas pakāpēm

    OpenAIRE

    Fedorenko, Deniss

    2017-01-01

    Darbā ir veikta poli(ēter ētera ketona) sulfonēšana un ir iegūti paraugi ar dažādām sulfonēšanas pakāpēm, no kurām tika izgatavotas membrānas. Sulfonēšanas pakāpe tika noteikta ar titrēšanas metodi. Izmantojot impedances metodi, tika noteikta sulfonēta poli(ēter ētera ketona) membrānu elektrovadītspēja atkarībā no sulfonēšanas pakāpes. Membrānas tika analizētas ar rentgendifraktometrijas metodi un termogravimetrijas metodi.

  7. Latvian Waste Management Modelling in View of Environmental Impact Reduction / Latvijas Atkritumu SAIMNIECĪBAS ATTĪSTĪBA un TĀS RADĪTĀS Ietekmes UZ Vidi SAMAZINĀŠANAS MODELĒŠANA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teibe, I.; Bendere, R.; Arina, D.

    2013-12-01

    In the work, the life-cycle assessment approach is applied to the planning of waste management development in a seaside region (Piejūra) using the Waste Management Planning System (WAMPS) program. In Latvia, the measures to be taken for the climate change mitigation are of utmost importance - especially as related to the WM performance, since a disposal of biodegradable waste presents the primary source of GHG emissions. To reduce the amount of such waste is therefore one of the most significant goals in the State WM plan for 2013-2020, whose adoption is the greatest challenge for municipalities. The authors analyse seven models which involve widely employed biomass processing methods, are based on experimental data and intended for minimising the direct disposal of organic mass at the solid waste landfills. The numerical results obtained evidence that the thermal or biotechnological treatment of organic waste substantially reduces the negative environmental impact of WM practices - by up to 6% as compared with the currently existing. Klimata pārmaiņu samazināšanas pasākumi Latvijā atkritumu saimniecības sektorā ir īpaši svarīgi. jo bioloģiski sadalāmo atkritumu apglabāšana ir viens no būtiskākajiem SEG emisiju avotiem valstī. Pētījumā modelēti virkne sadzīves atkritumu apsaimniekošanas modeļi. kas ietver plašāk izmantotās biomasas pārstrādes metodes un samazina tiešu organiskās masas apglabāšanu cieto sadzīves atkritumu poligonos. Atkritumu apsaimniekošanas modeļu radītās vides ietekmes novērtēšanai izmantota WAMPS (Waste Management Planning System) programma, kas balstīta uz atkritumu apsaimniekošanas procesu dzīves cikla novērtējumu vienā no desmit Latvijas atkritumu apsaimniekošanas reģioniem - Piejūra. Iegūtie kvantitatīvie rezultāti norāda. ka organiskās atkritumu masas pārstrāde un stabilizēšana, izmantojot biotehnoloģijas vai termisko pārstrādi, būtiski samazina atkritumu apsaimniekošanas rad

  8. Migration, Informalization and Public Space in Santa Cruz, Bolivia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joshua Kirshner

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, I ask how migrant insertion into the local economy, in particular in the informal economy, has led to contestation over public space in Santa Cruz.  Related to this issue, the paper asks what sorts of collective actions are used to defend rights to the use of urban public space, and what are the key points of contention.  In my analysis, I look at theoretical connections between the informal economy and urban space, recent changes in the Santa Cruz local economy ‒including accelerated migration and the burgeoning informal economy‒ and conflicts over uses of public urban space.En este trabajo indago cómo la inserción migratoria en la economía local, particularmente en la economía informal, ha llevado a un debate sobre los usos del espacio público en Santa Cruz. En relación con esta problemática, mi trabajo explora qué tipo de acciones colectivas se utilizan para defender los derechos del uso del espacio público urbano, y cuáles son los puntos claves de conflicto. En mi análisis, exploro las conexiones teóricas entre la economía informal y el espacio urbano, los cambios recientes en la economía local de Santa Cruz ‒incluyendo la migración acelerada y la emergente economía informal‒ y los conflictos sobre usos del espacio urbano público.

  9. Diagnosis of the retail flower market of Santa Maria, RS

    OpenAIRE

    Janine Farias Menegaes; Fernanda Alice Antonello Londero Backes; Rogério Antônio Bellé; Rogério Luiz Backes

    2015-01-01

    The present study aimed to diagnose the flowers retail market and ornamental plants in Santa Maria, RS, Brazil, by means of a research in loco, from January to June of 2013, based on questionnaires and interviews applied to the managers of the establishment, as well as of an application of a visual and phytosanitary scale to other establishments that sell flowers and ornamental plants, such as agricultural shops, fairs of horticultural products, supermarkets and providers of funeral services ...

  10. Tetanus epidemiology in Santa Catarina, Brazil from 1998 to 2008

    OpenAIRE

    Mattos, Ana Carolina Squeff de; Hernandes Júnior, Clineu Gaspar; Fuentefria, Alexandre Meneghello

    2010-01-01

    Objetive: This work describes demographic and clinical characteristics of individuals with accidental tetanus in Santa Catarina, Brazil. Materials and Methods: 291 cases of accidental tetanus reported from 1998 to 2008 were analyzed retrospectively through a cross-sectional, descriptive and correlated study based on percentage and numeric frequency as well as on number and incidence rate (i.r.) found in compulsory notification forms. Results: Most cases (73,54%) occurred among men residing in...

  11. Status of Santa Clara MCFC product development test

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Leo, A.J.; O`Shea, T.P.

    1995-08-01

    The objective of the 2MW Santa Clara Demonstration Project is the demonstration of the carbonate fuel cell technology at full scale. Additional objectives of the project include the demonstration of specific advantages of the direct carbonate fuel cell power plant, such as high efficiency, low emissions, reactive power capability, and high reliability and availability. The project will also provide design input for precommercial early production power plants.

  12. Migración negra en Santa Marta

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Josè Luis Vega de Lavalle

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este artículo es dar cuenta de los procesos e inserción urbana de la Gente Negra  se ha instalado en Santa Marta, los cuales han llegado a partir de la década de los años ochenta a  en el sector turístico de esta ciudad.

  13. Detailed mapping and rupture implications of the 1 km releasing bend in the Rodgers Creek Fault at Santa Rosa, northern California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hecker, Suzanne; Langenheim, Victoria; Williams, Robert; Hitchcock, Christopher S.; DeLong, Stephen B.

    2016-01-01

    Airborne light detection and ranging (lidar) topography reveals for the first time the trace of the Rodgers Creek fault (RCF) through the center of Santa Rosa, the largest city in the northern San Francisco Bay area. Vertical deformation of the Santa Rosa Creek floodplain expresses a composite pull‐apart basin beneath the urban cover that is part of a broader 1‐km‐wide right‐releasing bend in the fault. High‐resolution geophysical data illuminate subsurface conditions that may be responsible for the complex pattern of surface faulting, as well as for the distribution of seismicity and possibly for creep behavior. We identify a dense, magnetic basement body bounded by the RCF beneath Santa Rosa that we interpret as a strong asperity, likely part of a larger locked patch of the fault to the south. A local increase in frictional resistance associated with the basement body appears to explain (1) distributed fault‐normal extension above where the RCF intersects the body; (2) earthquake activity around the northern end of the body, notably the 1969 ML 5.6 and 5.7 events and aftershocks; and (3) creep rates on the RCF that are higher to the north of Santa Rosa than to the south. There is a significant probability of a major earthquake on the RCF in the coming decades, and earthquakes associated with the proposed asperity have the potential to release seismic energy into the Cotati basin beneath Santa Rosa, already known from damaging historical earthquakes to produce amplified ground shaking.

  14. Theoretical Considerations about the Quality of Life in Santa Marta

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Néstor Ramos N.

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Rev.esc.adm.neg Poverty, social exclusion, the gentrification phenomenon, the spatial segregation in big urban areas are factors that led to a decrease in the levels of the inhabitants´ quality of life, even more when these phenomena involve the destruction of natural resources necessary for the preservation of environmental sustainability, starting with its sustainable growth. This objective could be reached when identifying the variables that its inhabitants take into account for their quality of life. Santa Marta, a Caribbean city of Colombia, should focus its development on generating a good quality of life for its inhabitants. This article shows the final outcomes of the study which define the theoretical bases of this research, being still in development; its title is The Quality of Life in Santa Marta, a perspective from its inhabitants´ concepts. The aim of this final stage is to define the main concepts that are part of this research and to make a description of Santa Marta, Magdalena region. This project has been completely financed by Universidad Jorge Tadeo Lozano.

  15. Santa Clara County Planar Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Demonstration Project

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fred Mitlitsky; Sara Mulhauser; David Chien; Deepak Shukla; David Weingaertner

    2009-11-14

    The Santa Clara County Planar Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (PSOFC) project demonstrated the technical viability of pre-commercial PSOFC technology at the County 911 Communications headquarters, as well as the input fuel flexibility of the PSOFC. PSOFC operation was demonstrated on natural gas and denatured ethanol. The Santa Clara County Planar Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (PSOFC) project goals were to acquire, site, and demonstrate the technical viability of a pre-commercial PSOFC technology at the County 911 Communications headquarters. Additional goals included educating local permit approval authorities, and other governmental entities about PSOFC technology, existing fuel cell standards and specific code requirements. The project demonstrated the Bloom Energy (BE) PSOFC technology in grid parallel mode, delivering a minimum 15 kW over 8760 operational hours. The PSOFC system demonstrated greater than 81% electricity availability and 41% electrical efficiency (LHV net AC), providing reliable, stable power to a critical, sensitive 911 communications system that serves geographical boundaries of the entire Santa Clara County. The project also demonstrated input fuel flexibility. BE developed and demonstrated the capability to run its prototype PSOFC system on ethanol. BE designed the hardware necessary to deliver ethanol into its existing PSOFC system. Operational parameters were determined for running the system on ethanol, natural gas (NG), and a combination of both. Required modeling was performed to determine viable operational regimes and regimes where coking could occur.

  16. Landscapes of Santa Rosa Island, Channel Islands National Park, California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schumann, R. Randall; Minor, Scott A.; Muhs, Daniel R.; Pigati, Jeffery S.

    2014-01-01

    Santa Rosa Island (SRI) is the second-largest of the California Channel Islands. It is one of 4 east–west aligned islands forming the northern Channel Islands chain, and one of the 5 islands in Channel Islands National Park. The landforms, and collections of landforms called landscapes, of Santa Rosa Island have been created by tectonic uplift and faulting, rising and falling sea level, landslides, erosion and deposition, floods, and droughts. Landscape features, and areas delineating groups of related features on Santa Rosa Island, are mapped, classified, and described in this paper. Notable landscapes on the island include beaches, coastal plains formed on marine terraces, sand dunes, and sand sheets. In this study, the inland physiography has been classified into 4 areas based on relief and degree of fluvial dissection. Most of the larger streams on the island occupy broad valleys that have been filled with alluvium and later incised to form steep- to vertical-walled arroyos, or barrancas, leaving a relict floodplain above the present channel. A better understanding of the processes and mechanisms that created these landscapes enhances visitors’ enjoyment of their surroundings and contributes to improving land and resource management strategies in order to optimize and balance the multiple goals of conservation, preservation, restoration, and visitor experience.

  17. Santa Teresa y sus cartas, historia de los sentimientos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Egido, Teófanes

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Historical reflection on a peculiar dimension of St. Teresa of Jesus: the expression of her feelings in her writings, particularly in her abundant letters. The article focuses on the sense of humor, the joyfulness, and the importance of laughter in St. Teresa language, and also on the feeling of endearment with her family, with her order, with fray Juan de la Cruz. Ample space is dedicated to the tenderness towards girls in her convents. St. Teresa of Jesus appears as transgressor of 16th century social behaviours.Reflexión histórica sobre una dimensión peculiar de santa Teresa de Jesús: la expresión de sus sentimientos en sus escritos, de forma más especial en sus cartas abundantes. El artículo se centra en el sentido del humor, de la alegría, en la importancia de la risa en el lenguaje de santa Teresa y en el sentimiento de ternura con su familia, con su orden, con fray Juan de la Cruz. Se dedica un espacio amplio a la ternura hacia las niñas en sus conventos. Aparece santa Teresa de Jesús como trasgresora de los comportamientos sociales del siglo XVI.

  18. A quantitative analysis of surgical capacity in Santa Cruz, Bolivia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Markin, Abraham; Barbero, Roxana; Leow, Jeffrey J; Groen, Reinou S; Skow, Evan J; Apelgren, Keith N; Kushner, Adam L; Nwomeh, Benedict C

    2013-11-01

    This investigation aimed to document surgical capacity at public medical centers in a middle-income Latin American country using the Surgeons OverSeas (SOS) Personnel, Infrastructure, Procedures, Equipment, and Supplies (PIPES) survey tool. We applied the PIPES tool at six urban and 25 rural facilities in Santa Cruz, Bolivia. Outcome measures included the availability of items in five domains (Personnel, Infrastructure, Procedures, Equipment, and Supplies) and the PIPES index. PIPES indices were calculated by summing scores from each domain, dividing by the total number of survey items, and multiplying by 10. Thirty-one of the 32 public facilities that provide surgical care in Santa Cruz were assessed. Santa Cruz had at least 7.8 surgeons and 2.8 anesthesiologists per 100,000 population. However, these providers were unequally distributed, such that nine rural sites had no anesthesiologist. Few rural facilities had blood banking (4/25), anesthesia machines (11/25), postoperative care (11/25), or intensive care units (1/25). PIPES indices ranged from 5.7-13.2, and were significantly higher in urban (median 12.6) than rural (median 7.8) areas (P Bolivia's development status. Unfortunately, surgeons are limited in rural areas by deficits in anesthesia and perioperative services. These results are currently being used to target local quality improvement initiatives. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  19. Laulības slēgšana un laulības šķiršana musulmaņu tiesības

    OpenAIRE

    Slobodeņuka, Anastasija

    2012-01-01

    Bakalaura darbs ”Laulības slēgšana un laulības šķiršana musulmaņu tiesībās” sastāv no četram daļām. Pirmajā daļā tiek pētīti laulības slēgšanas nosacījumi. Viens no galvenajiem principiem ir reliģiozitāte, kā teicis Pravietis: «Neprecat meiteni [tikai] tās skaistuma dēļ, jo tas var viņu pazudināt; un neprecaties [tikai] viņas bagātības dēļ, jo tas padarīs viņu nepakļāvīgu. Precieties ar meiteni viņas reliģiozitātes dēļ!» Otrajā daļā tiek apskatīti noteikumi, kas aizliedz laulību. Pastāv l...

  20. Smilšaino grunšu īpašību mehāniska uzlabošana ar sablīvēšanas metodi

    OpenAIRE

    Seile, Gundega

    2012-01-01

    Bakalaura darbā pētījumā „Smilšainu grunšu īpašību mehāniska uzlabošana ar sablīvēšanas metodi” ir apskatītas un raksturotas visas plašāk izmantotās smilšaino grunšu mehāniskās uzlabošanas metodes, ieverot metožu aprakstu. Darba ietvaros tika noteiktas dažādu smilšaino grunšu sākontējās fizikālās īpašības- granulometriskais sastāvs, grunts daļiņu blīvums, grunts blīvums, porainības koefcinets, poru tilpums utt., kā arī veiktas 24 grunts kompresijas pārbaudes, kuru rezultāti ļāva noteikt pē...

  1. Jaunākā skolas vecuma skolēnu kritiskās domāšanas attīstīšana latviešu valodas stundās.

    OpenAIRE

    Kauķe, Zaiga

    2006-01-01

    Diplomdarba “ Jaunākā skolas vecuma bērnu kritiskās domāšanas attīstīšana latviešu valodas stundās” aktualitāti nosaka jaunais Latvijas Valsts pamatizglītības standarts. Viens no tā izglītojošajiem aspektiem - analītiski kritiskais - paredz, ka skolēni, apkopojot savu iepriekšējo pieredzi, mācās paši apgūt jaunas zināšanas, tās kritiski izvērtējot. Tādēļ bērniem jādod iespēja veidot savas domas patstāvīgi un neatkarīgi no citiem, apgūt garīgās darbības prasmes. Pētījuma mērķis ir izanalizē...

  2. Memoria, infancia y guerra civil: El mundo narrativo de Ana María Matute

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nestor Horacio Bórquez

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Ana María Matute has created a tightly closed narrative world where fiction and reality are mixed through a particular style, thoroughly lyric but full of cruelty. This world is largely shaped by the coexistence of the children's innocent gaze with the disenchanted look of the adults. Paraíso inhabitado (2008, her latest novel, meets most of the topics that make up Matute's own style: Against the historical background of the Spanish Civil War, the central matter is once again related to the clash of the already mentioned conflicting realities. This paper attempts to analyze the intersection between both features: the distantiated look of the children -who shall live in a world of fantasy until his final defeat and subsequent entry in the world of adults, like every children in Matute's work- displaying a 'translucent' view of the Civil War, an appeal to the memory of a grown-up narrator who introduces her childhood?s remembrances almost without any interventionAna María Matute ha creado un cerrado mundo narrativo que mezcla ficción y realidad con un estilo particular, pleno de poesía pero cargado de crueldad. Parte de este mundo se forja por la convivencia de la mirada inocente de los niños con la desencantada de los adultos. Paraíso inhabitado (2008, última novela de Matute, cumple con la mayoría de los 'tópicos' que conforman el particular estilo de la autora: prevalece este choque de realidades enfrentadas que además tiene a la Guerra Civil como trasfondo histórico. El trabajo analizará el cruce de estas dos características: la mirada 'extrañada' de los niños protagonistas de la obra -que como todo niño 'matuteano' vivirá en un mundo de fantasía efímero antes de ingresar ya 'derrotado' al mundo adulto- que presenta una visión ?traslúcida? de la guerra civil, una apelación a la memoria de la narradora ya adulta que presenta casi sin intervenciones sus recuerdos de niña

  3. Strengths and weaknesses of the nursing certificate program at the Instituto Federal de Santa Catarina (Federal Institute of Santa Catarina).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oliari, Luciane Patrícia; Padilha, Maria Itayra; Backes, Vânia Marli Schubert

    2017-07-20

    To analyze the strengths and weaknesses found in the implementation process of the Nursing Certificate Program at the Instituto Federal de Santa Catarina (Federal Institute of Santa Catarina), in the 2000s. Socio-historical research with a qualitative approach. Oral history as a method source for data collection between June/September 2015, with thematic analysis. Seven professionals participated in the study, resulting in three categories: Recognition of the Nursing Certificate Program in the community and work market; Weaknesses faced by the course; Strengths during the implementation of the course. The course was accepted by the labor market, resulting in an increased demand. As weaknesses: insufficient materials and structure, few teachers, course is offered every two years and no understanding of the stages by the institution. As strengths: commitment of teachers, management support and incentives to perform research. Despite the weaknesses, the strengths contributed to the implementation of the Nursing Certificate Program overcoming challenges, ensuring improvement in vocational training.

  4. Ocorrência Meloidogyne graminicola em Santa Maria, RS Ocurrence of Meloidogyne graminicola em Santa Maria, RS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cezar Bauer Gomes

    1997-08-01

    Full Text Available Relata-se a ocorrência do nematóide Meloidogyne graminicola em área de arroz irrigado no município de Santa Maria, no ano agrícola de 1995/96. Observou-se a presença de galhas nas extremidades de raízes de arroz, semelhantes a pequenos "cabos de guarda-chuva". A ocorrência deste sintoma foi constatada principalmente em plantas com ausência de lâmina d'água.The occurrence of the root-knot nematode Meloidogyne graminicola in irrigated rice in Santa Maria, RS during the 1995/96 growing season is reported. Galls on tips of the roots looking like small "umbrella's cabes" were observed. The occurrence of this symptom was detected mainly in areas with no flodding water.

  5. Nuevas aportaciones sobre las murallas y el sistema defensivo de Santa Fe (Granada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    García Pulido, Luis José

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available Nasrid Granada was conquered by means of a long, debilitating war. In order to culminate this undertaking, throughout 1491 Ferdinand and Isabella installed all of their troops in the plain of Granada, quartering them in the tents and huts of a military encampment, the Real de la Vega. Forthwith, the construction of a city-encampment was begun as a winter garrison, the Real de Santa Fe, where some of the innovations in Spanish fortification work -in transition from the medieval to the modern- were introduced. This text, by utilizing the data contained in the carved relief of the lower choir stalls of Toledo Cathedral in which these events are represented, attempts to reveal the most significant elements of these two royal camps and how they were protected.

    La Granada nazarí fue rendida mediante una larga guerra de desgaste. Para culminar esta empresa, los Reyes Católicos establecieron a lo largo de 1491 a todos sus efectivos en la vega granadina, alojando a este contingente de tropas y bastimentos en las tiendas y chozas de un campamento militar, el Real de la Vega. Inmediatamente se iniciaron las obras de construcción de una ciudad-campamento para poder albergar una guarnición de invierno, el Real de Santa Fe, donde se introdujeron algunas de las innovaciones propias de la fortificación española de transición de la época medieval a la moderna. Este artículo trata de desvelar cómo fueron protegidos estos dos reales y cuáles fueron sus elementos más significativos, tomando como base los datos contenidos en el relieve de la sillería del coro bajo de la Catedral de Toledo en el que se representan estos acontecimientos.

  6. Spēles Sudoku izstrāde JAVA programmēšanas valodā

    OpenAIRE

    Plisko, Andrejs

    2011-01-01

    Kvalifikācijas darba mērķis ir izveidot prāta spēli Sudoku un tās paveidu JigSaw Sudoku, kas kalpos kā attīstoša un aizraujoša brīvā laika pavadīšanas iespēja, kas būs pieejama kā parasta lietotne. Lietotne ļaus lietotājam izvēlēties 1 no 3 dažādiem sarežģītības līmeņiem. Pareizo ievaddatu pārbaudīšanas metodes neļaus lietotājam ievadīt nepareizu skaitli. Darba gaitā tika radīta „Sudoku” spēle, kas atbilst dotajām prasībām.

  7. Noliktavas sistēmas pilnveidošana uzņēmumā „ATN”.

    OpenAIRE

    Ramazanova, Marina

    2008-01-01

    M.Ramazanova Noliktavas sistēmas pilnveidošana uzņēmumā „ATN”. Bakalaura darbs bez pielikumiem sastāv no 69 lapaspusēm, 11 attēliem, 6 tabulām, 4 formulām, ka arī no 3 pielikumiem un 23 informācijas avotiem. Bakalaura darba temats ir „Noliktavas sistēmas pilnveidošana uzņēmumā „ATN”. Bakalaura darba mērķis ir izanalizēt uzņēmuma noliktavas sistēmas funkcionēšanu saimniecības procesā, pamatojoties uz teorētiskām atziņām, izcelt trūkumus un izstrādāt priekšlik...

  8. Klausīšanās mācīšana vidusskolā

    OpenAIRE

    Mihailova, Aļona

    2010-01-01

    Bakalaura darbs „Klausīšanās mācīšana vidusskolā” uzsver vidusskolas skolēnu klausīšanās prasmes attīstību. Darbs ne tikai sniedz ieskaitu klausīšanās attīstības teorijas principos, bet iekļauj praktiskas vingrinājumus, padomus skolēnu klausīšanās prasmes uzlabošanai. Bakalaura darbs ir palīgs skolotājiem, ja ietver dažādas metodes, klausīšanas uzdevumu aprakstus, kurus skolotāji var pieteikt stundās klausīšanās prasmes attīstīšanai. Bakalaura darbā ir aprakstīti dažādi metodiskie aspekti,...

  9. Ground-water quality in the Santa Rita, Buellton, and Los Olivos hydrologic subareas of the Santa Ynez River basin, Santa Barbara County, California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamlin, S.N.

    1985-01-01

    Groundwater quality in the upper Santa Ynez River Valley in Santa Barbara County has degraded due to both natural and anthropogenic causes. The semiarid climate and uneven distribution of rainfall has limited freshwater recharge and caused salt buildup in water supplies. Tertiary rocks supply mineralized water. Agricultural activities (irrigation return flow containing fertilizers and pesticides, cultivation, feedlot waste disposal) are a primary cause of water quality degradation. Urban development, which also causes water quality degradation (introduced contaminants, wastewater disposal, septic system discharge, and land fill disposal of waste), has imposed stricter requirements on water supply quality. A well network was designed to monitor changes in groundwater quality related to anthropogenic activities. Information from this network may aid in efficient management of the groundwater basins as public water supplies, centered around three basic goals. First is to increase freshwater recharge to the basins by conjunctive surface/groundwater use and surface-spreading techniques. Second is to optimize groundwater discharge by efficient timing and spacing of pumping. Third is to control and reduce sources of groundwater contamination by regulating wastewater quality and distribution and, preferably, by exporting wastewaters from the basin. (USGS)

  10. La enseñanza de la lectura y la escritura hoy. Entrevista a Ana Teberosky Coronado.

    OpenAIRE

    Moisés Selfa Sastre; Juan de Dios Villanueva Roa

    2015-01-01

    Ana Teberosky Coronado es miembro del OED y Profesora Catedrática del Departamento de Psicología Evolutiva y de la Educación de la Facultad de Psicología de la Universitat de Barcelona. Sus intereses de investigación giran en torno a la interacción entre la oralidad y la escritura, el aprendizaje del lenguaje escrito y el desarrollo metalingüístico.

  11. Ana Vaz Milheiro, Nos Trópicos Sem Le Corbusier: Arquitectura Luso-africana no Estado Novo

    OpenAIRE

    Agarez, Ricardo

    2013-01-01

    Nos Trópicos Sem Le Corbusier: Arquitectura Luso-africana no Estado Novo examines the circulation of architectural cultures and actors in and between the historically-related contexts of Portugal, Brazil and the former Portuguese colonies in Africa, during the first three quarters of the twentieth century. This generously illustrated, Portuguese-language volume is a collection of ten essays written by Ana Vaz Milheiro between 2006 and 2011, and previously published either in the proceedings o...

  12. Innate BDNF expression is associated with ethanol intake in alcohol-preferring AA and alcohol-avoiding ANA rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raivio, Noora; Miettinen, Pekka; Kiianmaa, Kalervo

    2014-09-04

    We have shown recently that acute administration of ethanol modulates the expression of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in several rat brain areas known to be involved in the development of addiction to ethanol and other drugs of abuse, suggesting that BDNF may be a factor contributing to the neuroadaptive changes set in motion by ethanol exposure. The purpose of the present study was to further clarify the role of BDNF in reinforcement from ethanol and in the development of addiction to ethanol by specifying the effect of acute administration of ethanol (1.5 or 3.0 g/kg i.p.) on the expression profile of BDNF mRNA in the ventral tegmental area and in the terminal areas of the mesolimbic dopamine pathway in the brain of alcohol-preferring AA and alcohol-avoiding ANA rats, selected for high and low voluntary ethanol intake, respectively. The level of BDNF mRNA expression was higher in the amygdala and ventral tegmental area of AA than in those of ANA rats, and there was a trend for a higher level in the nucleus accumbens. In the amygdala and hippocampus, a biphasic change in the BDNF mRNA levels was detected: the levels were decreased at 3 and 6h but increased above the basal levels at 24h. Furthermore, there was a difference between the AA and ANA lines in the effect of ethanol, the ANA rats showing an increase in BDNF mRNA levels while such a change was not seen in AA rats. These findings suggest that the innate levels of BDNF expression may play a role in the mediation of the reinforcing effects of ethanol and in the control of ethanol intake. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  13. Assessment of mangrove flora of Palaui Island Protected Landscape and Seascape (PIPLS) San Vicente, Sta. Ana Cagayan valley, Philippines

    OpenAIRE

    Melanie A. Calicdan; Carmelita Rebancos; Rico Ancog; Nestor Baguinon

    2015-01-01

    The status and species composition of mangrove forest is a basic and pre-requisite for the management and conservation of mangrove resource. The study was conducted to determine the status and species composition of mangrove forests of Palaui Island Protected Landscape and Seascape (PIPLS), San Vicente Sta. Ana, Cagayan, Philippines. A Transect Line Plot (TLP) method was employed to obtain data on the structure of mangrove community. Results revealed that there were 16 true mangrove species b...

  14. Geology and ground-water in western Santa Cruz County, California, with particular emphasis on the Santa Margarita Sandstone

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akers, J.P.; Jackson, L.E.

    1977-01-01

    The water-bearing potential of the geologic formations in the western part of Santa Cruz County, Calif., is evaluated. Most of the sedimentary formations in this area are fine-grained rocks of Tertiary age that have been folded and faulted. These rocks, in general, yield supplies of water sufficient only for individual domestic supplies. The Lompico and Santa Margarita Sandstones, however, are coarser grained and have the potential to yield moderate quantities of water (50-100 gallons per minute). Areas where the Lompico Sandstone might warrant explorations are (1) near and on the west side of the Ben Lomond fault, (2) near and south of the outcrop of the Lompico Sandstone between Ben Lomond and Felton, and (3) in the area near Bald Mountain School. The Santa Margarita Sandstone should be explored by test drilling in the area between Davenport and Bonnie Doon. The quality of ground water is generally good, although saline water occurs in the San Lorenzo Formation near Redwood Grove and Riverside Grove. (Woodard-USGS)

  15. Flood Hazard and Risk Assessment of Santa Maria, Laguna, Philippines Through Ground Validation and FLO-2D

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baldago, M. C. B.; Ballesteros, C. C.; Ybanez, R. L.

    2016-12-01

    On average, 20 typhoons enter the Philippine area of responsibility annually, 9 of which make landfall. As a result, many areas in the country are highly vulnerable to flooding. Geohazard mapping and assessment are priority programs of the government in order to reduce the impact of these natural disasters This study conducted flood hazard and risk assessment in Santa Maria, a flood prone municipality of the Laguna province. A 10 meter resolution flood map was generated using FLO-2D, a two-dimensional flood routing software. The simulation utilized the rainfall data of Tropical Storm Ketsana in 2009. The resulting flood map was verified by interviewing the residents of Santa Maria about the extent and estimated maximum flood heights during extreme flooding events. The topography, river morphology and structural measures were also considered in the analysis of the flooding scenario. Examining the topography of the area, the urban center of Santa Maria is located in a catchment basin where three major tributaries converge. The simulated map confirms this, showing the area where the rivers converge is under moderate to high flood risk (higher than 0.5 meters flood height). The results of the interviews correspond with the flood map; wherein the residents from the southern part of Santa Maria experienced flood heights of up to 2 meters during Tropical Storm Ketsana. On the other hand, the residents on the northern part of the municipality described comparatively lower flood levels of up to 0.5 meters. Most of them reported that the flood generally subsided within the day. There were also flood control projects started in 2012 by the local government such as a dike construction, widening and de-clogging of rivers. Since then, the residents claimed that the flooding in their area has been reduced. The findings of this study show the potential of flood modeling in hazard mapping in the Philippines. It has minimal cost and can be used to simulate flood even in areas where

  16. Fish composition and assemblage in the anthropogenic-modified tidally-restricted Doñana (Spain) marshlands

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moreno-Valcárcel, Raquel; Oliva-Paterna, Francisco J.; Arribas, Carmen; Fernández-Delgado, Carlos

    2013-03-01

    The Guadalquivir estuary is the largest estuarine area on the southern Atlantic coast of Europe; its anthropogenic tidally-restricted marshes are partly within the boundary of the Doñana National Park, southern Spain. Our two-year study describes the spatial and temporal patterns of the fish assemblages in the Doñana marshlands in terms of species richness, abundance and biomass. The main families were Mugilidae and Cyprinidae, which accounted for 40.9% of the total species richness. Unlike the fish assemblages found in other European estuaries, Doñana was dominated in both biomass and abundance by freshwater species, mainly invasive exotic species. The spatial analysis of the assemblage showed four significant fish groups corresponding to different habitats established a priori and related to the salinity gradient. Assemblages did not show a seasonal pattern and the temporal fish groups observed were mainly related to the hydrological cycle and the extreme drought that occurred during the study period.

  17. Frazeoloģismi angļu valodas mācīšanas procesā

    OpenAIRE

    Dmitrenko, Gaļina

    2009-01-01

    Bakalaura darba nosaukums ir „Frazeoloģismi angļu valodas mācīšanas procesā. Zinātniskā darba mērķis ir parādīt, ka angļu valodas frazeoloģismi satur lielu apjomu informācijas par angļu kultūru un ieviest jaunu kultūras mācīšanas metodi. Galvenais pētījuma veids ir eksperiments, kas tika vadīts vidusskolas klasēs. Rezultātā darba autors atklāja, ka informācija par kultūru var palīdzēt frazeoloģismu apgūšanas procesā, un otrādi – kultūra var tikt mācīta ar frazeoloģismu palīdzību. Turk...

  18. The ecology of avian influenza viruses in wild dabbling ducks (Anas spp. in Canada.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zsuzsanna Papp

    Full Text Available Avian influenza virus (AIV occurrence and transmission remain important wildlife and human health issues in much of the world, including in North America. Through Canada's Inter-Agency Wild Bird Influenza Survey, close to 20,000 apparently healthy, wild dabbling ducks (of seven species were tested for AIV between 2005 and 2011. We used these data to identify and evaluate ecological and demographic correlates of infection with low pathogenic AIVs in wild dabbling ducks (Anas spp. across Canada. Generalized linear mixed effects model analyses revealed that risk of AIV infection was higher in hatch-year birds compared to adults, and was positively associated with a high proportion of hatch-year birds in the population. Males were more likely to be infected than females in British Columbia and in Eastern Provinces of Canada, but more complex relationships among age and sex cohorts were found in the Prairie Provinces. A species effect was apparent in Eastern Canada and British Columbia, where teal (A. discors and/or A. carolinensis were less likely to be infected than mallards (A. platyrhynchos. Risk of AIV infection increased with the density of the breeding population, in both Eastern Canada and the Prairie Provinces, and lower temperatures preceding sampling were associated with a higher probability of AIV infection in Eastern Canada. Our results provide new insights into the ecological and demographic factors associated with AIV infection in waterfowl.

  19. Kulinārais diskurss un tā tulkošanas aspekti

    OpenAIRE

    Ļuļe, Zane

    2013-01-01

    21. gadsimtā vairāk nekā jebkad vēsturē uzmanība tiek pievērsta kulināriskajam dzīvesveidam, gastronomijas dažādiem aspektiem. Taču valodniecībā nozare vēl nav tik detalizēti un sistemātiski pētīta, lai varētu runāt par vienotiem principiem, pieejamiem leksikogrāfiskajiem avotiem un priekšrocībām šaurās un specifiskās nozares tulkošanā. Maģistra darbā „Kulinārais diskurss un tā tulkošanas aspekti” pētītas nozares un kulinārā diskursa īpatnības, analizējot teoriju un valodas lietojumu recepšu ...

  20. Svešvalodu mācīšana indigo bērniem

    OpenAIRE

    Bernsone, Inese

    2008-01-01

    Ar terminu „indigo bērns” tiek apzīmēti talantīgie un hiperaktīvie mūsdienu bērni. Pastāv viedoklis, ka tradicionālā izglītības sistēma būtu jāpieskaņo indigo bērniem, lai veiksmīgi attīstītu viņu potenciālu. Pētījuma mērķis ir popularizēt indigo jēdzienu un pievērst uzmanību izglītības jautājumiem. Izmantotās pētījuma metodes ir literatūras analīze un svešvalodu skolotāju aptauja. Rezultāti apstiprina, ka jaunie bērni pieprasa uzmanību, godīgumu un visaptverošas zināšanas, kas atbilst viņu m...

  1. Assessing helminth community structure and patterns in gizzard helminths of blue-winged teal (Anas discors).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Graves, David W; Fedynich, Alan M

    2013-10-01

    Helminth community structure (prevalence and abundance) and patterns (associations and distributions) of gizzard worms were examined in blue-winged teal (Anas discors) migrating through south Texas to their wintering grounds (n = 50) and as they migrated back to their breeding grounds (n = 50). Three species of nematodes (Amidostomum acutum, Epomidiostomum uncinatum, and Streptocara crassicauda) and 1 species of cestode (Gastrotaenia cygni) were recovered, representing 1,164 helminth individuals. Amidostomum acutum was the most prevalent (92%) and abundant (817 individuals; 70% of total worms), while G. cygni was the least prevalent (16%) and abundant (23 individuals; 2%). Ninety-eight blue-winged teal were infected with 1 to 4 species. Amidostomum acutum and E. uncinatum were the most frequently (45%) observed association of 2 or more species, followed by A. acutum, E. uncinatum, and S. crassicauda (19%), and A. acutum and S. crassicauda (14%). Significant positive correlations were mainly between A. acutum and E. uncinatum, whereas negative correlations were found between each of these 2 species and S. crassicauda. Prevalence and abundance of A. acutum and S. crassicauda were not influenced by season, host age, or host sex. However, E. uncinatum varied by season and host age. The percent similarity index indicated a relatively consistent component community pattern of high similarity irrespective of season, host age, and sex. The same helminth species were found in both fall and spring, indicating that other helminth species were not being acquired on the wintering grounds.

  2. Histomorphological features of the tongue of the Eurasian teal (Anas crecca).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marzban Abbasabadi, B; Sayrafi, R

    2017-12-04

    This study presents the histomorphological features of tongue in Eurasian teal (Anas crecca); the smallest extant dabbling duck. Heads of four adult males and four adult females were used in this study. The results illustrate a tongue with three different parts; the apex with a lingual nail in ventral surface, the body with a lingual prominence in caudal part and some large and small conical papillae in lateral sides and the root, that was covered with many conical papillae in different sizes. Histological results revealed two types of keratinized and non-keratinized epithelium covering parts of the tongue. The lingual salivary glands were observed in the lamina propria of the body and root of the tongue showed strongly periodic acid-Schiff (PAS)-positive reaction. The yellow adipose tissue was located under the lamina propria on the body and root of the tongue. The filiform papillae between the conical papillae of the body were arranged densely. The sensory organs, which contain sensory receptors (Grandry and Herbst corpuscles), were located in the lamina propria of the body of the tongue. In conclusion, the anatomical and histological structure of the Eurasian teal' tongue was generally similar to its family members such as domestic goose and duck but showed some differences that may be adoptions to the bird's habitat and mode of feeding. © 2017 Blackwell Verlag GmbH.

  3. Spread of avian influenza viruses by common teal (Anas crecca in Europe.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Camille Lebarbenchon

    Full Text Available Since the recent spread of highly pathogenic (HP H5N1 subtypes, avian influenza virus (AIV dispersal has become an increasing focus of research. As for any other bird-borne pathogen, dispersal of these viruses is related to local and migratory movements of their hosts. In this study, we investigated potential AIV spread by Common Teal (Anas crecca from the Camargue area, in the South of France, across Europe. Based on bird-ring recoveries, local duck population sizes and prevalence of infection with these viruses, we built an individual-based spatially explicit model describing bird movements, both locally (between wintering areas and at the flyway scale. We investigated the effects of viral excretion duration and inactivation rate in water by simulating AIV spread with varying values for these two parameters. The results indicate that an efficient AIV dispersal in space is possible only for excretion durations longer than 7 days. Virus inactivation rate in the environment appears as a key parameter in the model because it allows local persistence of AIV over several months, the interval between two migratory periods. Virus persistence in water thus represents an important component of contamination risk as ducks migrate along their flyway. Based on the present modelling exercise, we also argue that HP H5N1 AIV is unlikely to be efficiently spread by Common Teal dispersal only.

  4. Spread of avian influenza viruses by common teal (Anas crecca) in Europe.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lebarbenchon, Camille; Albespy, Frédéric; Brochet, Anne-Laure; Grandhomme, Viviane; Renaud, François; Fritz, Hervé; Green, Andy J; Thomas, Frédéric; van der Werf, Sylvie; Aubry, Philippe; Guillemain, Matthieu; Gauthier-Clerc, Michel

    2009-10-05

    Since the recent spread of highly pathogenic (HP) H5N1 subtypes, avian influenza virus (AIV) dispersal has become an increasing focus of research. As for any other bird-borne pathogen, dispersal of these viruses is related to local and migratory movements of their hosts. In this study, we investigated potential AIV spread by Common Teal (Anas crecca) from the Camargue area, in the South of France, across Europe. Based on bird-ring recoveries, local duck population sizes and prevalence of infection with these viruses, we built an individual-based spatially explicit model describing bird movements, both locally (between wintering areas) and at the flyway scale. We investigated the effects of viral excretion duration and inactivation rate in water by simulating AIV spread with varying values for these two parameters. The results indicate that an efficient AIV dispersal in space is possible only for excretion durations longer than 7 days. Virus inactivation rate in the environment appears as a key parameter in the model because it allows local persistence of AIV over several months, the interval between two migratory periods. Virus persistence in water thus represents an important component of contamination risk as ducks migrate along their flyway. Based on the present modelling exercise, we also argue that HP H5N1 AIV is unlikely to be efficiently spread by Common Teal dispersal only.

  5. Gastrointestinal helminthes of green-winged teal (Anas crecca) from North Iran.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Youssefi, Mohammad Reza; Hosseini, Seyed Hossein; Tabarestani, Amir Hossein Alizadeh; Ardeshir, Hadi Alijani; Jafarzade, Farshid; Rahimi, Mohammad Taghi

    2014-05-01

    To determine the helminth parasites of Anas crecca (A. crecca) in one of proper refuges of Iran, Fereydunkenar. A total number of one hundred thirty-six gastrointestinal tracts of green-winged teal (A. crecca) were collected from Fereydunkenar, Mazandaran province during September and October 2011. The gastrointestinal tracts were examined for helminth infection. The total infection rate was 70.50% (96) that 68.96% (40) of males and 71.79% (56) of females shown helminthes infection. The examined A. crecca harbored one species of Nematoda, Cestoda and two species of Digenea which were as following: Contracaecum larvae (from stomach wall), Diorchis stefanskii (D. stefanskii) (from small intestine), Hypoderaeum conoideum (from small intestine) and Notocotylus attenuatus (N. attenuatus) (from caecum), respectively. There was no significant difference in the prevalence of infection between examined males and females ducks in Hypoderaeum conoideum, D. stefanskii and N. attenuatus (P>0.05) whereas a significant relationship was observed between males and females in Contracaecum larvae (P<0.05). Based on the results of the present study, we conclude that A. crecca plays a prominent role in transmission of mentioned parasites. In addition, this is the first report of Contracaecum larvae, D. stefanskii and N. attenuatus from A. crecca in Iran.

  6. Cyanobacteria, algae and microfungi present in biofilm from Božana Cave (Serbia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Slađana Popović

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Phototrophic microorganisms (cyanobacteria and algae and microfungi, were identified from biofilm on the walls of the entrance of BožanaCavein west Serbia. Temperature, relative humidity and light intensity were measured, and chlorophyll a content determined. Light intensity differed from the entrance inwards. However, Chl a content was not proportional to light intensity, instead it was positively correlated to biofilm weight. Biofilm samples from two sites were also observed using a scanning electron microscope. Coccoid forms of cyanobacteria were abundant at the sampling site with the lowest light intensity, while members of the order Nostocales were predominant at the sampling site with the highest light intensity measured. Cyanobacteria were the dominant group of phototrophs colonizing cave walls (29 taxa, with the order Chroococcales prevailing (21 taxa. The most frequently documented cyanobacteria were species from genera Gloeocapsa, Scytonema, Aphanocapsa and Chroococcus. Desmococcus olivaceus and Trentepohlia aurea were the only green algae documented on cave walls. Ascomycetes were common (e.g. Alternaria, Aspergillus, Cladosporium, Epicoccum, Penicillum and Trichoderma, while zygomycetes and oomycetes were less frequent. The different color of each biofilm sample was ascribed to the presence of various different species of cyanobacteria and algae.

  7. Spread of Avian Influenza Viruses by Common Teal (Anas crecca) in Europe

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lebarbenchon, Camille; Albespy, Frédéric; Brochet, Anne-Laure; Grandhomme, Viviane; Renaud, François; Fritz, Hervé; Green, Andy J.; Thomas, Frédéric; van der Werf, Sylvie; Aubry, Philippe; Guillemain, Matthieu; Gauthier-Clerc, Michel

    2009-01-01

    Since the recent spread of highly pathogenic (HP) H5N1 subtypes, avian influenza virus (AIV) dispersal has become an increasing focus of research. As for any other bird-borne pathogen, dispersal of these viruses is related to local and migratory movements of their hosts. In this study, we investigated potential AIV spread by Common Teal (Anas crecca) from the Camargue area, in the South of France, across Europe. Based on bird-ring recoveries, local duck population sizes and prevalence of infection with these viruses, we built an individual-based spatially explicit model describing bird movements, both locally (between wintering areas) and at the flyway scale. We investigated the effects of viral excretion duration and inactivation rate in water by simulating AIV spread with varying values for these two parameters. The results indicate that an efficient AIV dispersal in space is possible only for excretion durations longer than 7 days. Virus inactivation rate in the environment appears as a key parameter in the model because it allows local persistence of AIV over several months, the interval between two migratory periods. Virus persistence in water thus represents an important component of contamination risk as ducks migrate along their flyway. Based on the present modelling exercise, we also argue that HP H5N1 AIV is unlikely to be efficiently spread by Common Teal dispersal only. PMID:19802387

  8. The syrinx of the male mallard (Anas platyrhynchos): special anatomical features.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frank, T; Probst, A; König, H E; Walter, I

    2007-04-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate the special anatomical and topographical features of the syrinx in male adult stock ducks (Anas platyrhynchos). The syrinx of the mallard is a tracheobronchial type, consisting of a tympanum, a pessulus, medial tympaniform membranes, interanular membranes, an interbronchial ligament (bronchidesmus), and bronchosyringeal cartilage semi-rings. Using a frozen sagittal section, it was possible to document the syringeal valve at the right lateral side of the tympanum. In the male stock duck the pessulus was massive and showed a longish oval, transparent area ventrally. The middle part of the pessulus had a nose-shaped process on its left side, on which the left medial tympaniform membrane originated. The left-sided, pear-shaped syringeal bulla was divided into a left major and right minor chamber by a double-walled, semilunar and opaque septum, approximately 5-6 mm in height. The first left and right C-shaped bronchosyringeal cartilage was more prominent than the other ones and showed partial ossification. In addition, the first left bronchosyringeal cartilage was obviously thicker than the right one. In conclusion, it can be stated that the syrinx in male adult mallards shows some notable specific anatomical features that might have an influence on vocalization. However, to understand the complex mechanism of vocalization in mallards, more investigations, especially obtained by sonography and endoscopy, will be needed.

  9. Projekts: Sporta kluba SIA "Gribasspēks" dibināšana Ventspilī

    OpenAIRE

    Rutkovska, Jana

    2016-01-01

    Projekta mērķis ir nodibināt sabiedrību ar ierobežotu atbildību „Gribasspēks”, kas sniegs klientiem iespēju apmeklēt trenažieru zāli, dažādas veida aerobikas nodarbības, CrossFit zāles treniņus, apļa treniņus un jogas nodarbības. Tādējādi, Ventspils pilsētas un tā novada iedzīvotājiem, būs iespēja saņemt kvalitatīvu pakalpojumu par vidējām cenām tirgū. Nodrošinot stabilu pozīciju vietējā tirgū, tas sniegs iespējas nākotnē paplašināties un pilnveidot uzņēmuma darbību. Darba pētīšanas metodes:...

  10. Fluvial-controlled metal and As mobilisation, dispersal and storage in the Río Guadiamar, SW Spain and its implications for long-term contaminant fluxes to the Doñana wetlands.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turner, J N; Brewer, P A; Macklin, M G

    2008-05-01

    Flood-related contaminant (As, Cd, Cu, Pb, Zn) remobilisation, dispersal and storage in the Río Guadiamar was investigated following the 1998 Aznalcóllar tailings dam failure, along with records of floodplain contaminant loading in the decades preceding the tailings release. A series of post-spill floods resulted in the transfer of vast quantities of sediment-borne heavy metals and As towards the lower reaches of the Guadiamar and the borders of the Doñana National Park, but over-bank flood deposits collected between May 1999 and March 2002 show a systematic fall in contaminant concentrations following successive flood events. Geochemical improvements can largely be attributed to sediment mixing of contaminated and 'clean' material derived from calcareous catchment soils. Longer-term contaminant patterns in floodplain sediment cores show higher heavy metal and As loading rates operating before the opening of the Aznalcóllar pit in 1979 and in some instances pre-dating 1954. The remobilization and dispersal of historically contaminated alluvium in the upper Guadiamar means that the post-clean-up contaminant signature in flood-transported sediments largely reflects chronic, long-term metal mining in the Guadiamar catchment, rather than the acute effects of the Aznalcóllar spill. Generally results present a cautiously optimistic prognosis for the sensitive wetlands of Doñana, but high dissolved (aqueous) heavy metal (especially Cu and Zn) concentrations in the upper Guadiamar emphasise the need for addressing contaminant 'hotspots' in the region and for maintaining flow requirements for aquatic ecosystems. This study illustrates the importance of establishing antecedent geomorphological-geochemical conditions in a spill-impacted river system, both for assessing the impacts of a single catastrophic pollution event and for developing appropriate strategies for remediation.

  11. Mass Estimation of Santacrucian Sloths from the Early Miocene Santa Cruz Formation of Patagonia, Argentina

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Néstor Toledo; Guillermo Hernán Cassini; Sergio Fabián Vizcaíno; M. Susana Bargo

    Miocene deposits of the Santa Cruz Formation, Patagonia, comprise a diverse and excellently preserved vertebrate fauna, allowing detailed paleobiological and paleoecological studies based on three ecological parameters...

  12. Behavior change stages related to physical activity in adolescents from Santa Catarina: prevalence and associated factors

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Silva, Jaqueline Aragoni da; Silva, Kelly Samara da; Lopes, Adair da Silva; Nahas, Markus Vinícius

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Objective: Verify the prevalence and sociodemographic and economic factors associated with behavior change stages for habitual physical activity practice in adolescents from Santa Catarina. Methods...

  13. Event Index - a LHCb Event Search System

    CERN Document Server

    INSPIRE-00392208; Kazeev, Nikita; Redkin, Artem

    2015-12-23

    LHC experiments generate up to $10^{12}$ events per year. This paper describes Event Index - an event search system. Event Index's primary function is quickly selecting subsets of events from a combination of conditions, such as the estimated decay channel or stripping lines output. Event Index is essentially Apache Lucene optimized for read-only indexes distributed over independent shards on independent nodes.

  14. New Radiometric Age Constraints for the Matuyama-Bruhnes Reversal and Santa Rosa Excursion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balbas, A.; Koppers, A. A. P.; Kent, D. V.; Coe, R. S.; Konrad, K.; Clark, P. U.

    2015-12-01

    The coupling of the timing of the virtual geomagnetic pole (VGP) position and the absolute paleointensities for geomagnetic events is vital for understanding the Earth's geodynamo. Here we present new high-precision 40Ar/39Ar age determinations using an ARGUS-VI multi-collector mass spectrometer for lava flows on Floreana Island, Galapagos, and Tahiti Nui, Society Islands. New Galapagos ages (n=6) place the GA-79 lava flow on Floreana Island, which records an excursional VGP from an equatorial region (Cox and Dalrymple, 1966), within the Santa Rosa excursion. This flow contains extremely low paleointesity values of 1.1 x 1022 Am2 (n=11; Wang and Kent, 2013). We also present 52 new ages on 18 lava flows from the Punaruu valley, Tahiti, which record the Matuyama-Bruhnes reversal. The new ages confirm that the lavas record this reversal, but the ages differ from the original stratigraphy presented in Mochizuki et al. (2011). Our new ages using the Kuiper et al. (2008) fish canyon sanidine ages for Punaruu valley lava flows are concordant with previous astronomically tuned ages (Channell et al. 2002, 2009) and represent the highest precision radiometric ages for the most recent reversal. Here we show that paleointensity lows associated with excursional events can be comparable to or less than those associated with reversals. In addition, such field strength reductions can occur in time intervals as short as 3 thousand years.

  15. Future Events

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adli Tıp Uzmanları Derneği ATUD

    2006-12-01

    : Cambridge Healthtech Institute 250 First Avenue, Suite 300 Needham, MA 02494 (781 972-5400 or (888 999-6288 - Fax: (781 972-5425 www.healthtech.com SCANNING 2007 “Scanning Microscopy In Forensics Science” 10-12 April 2007 CA,USA Further information S. Frank Platek, Forensic Chemistry Center, US Food and Drug Administration, 6751 Steger Drive, Cincinnati, OH Tel: 513-679-2700 x254 - Email: fplatek@ora.fda.gov Web: www.fams.org The 9th Annual Conference of BAHID 12-14 April 2007, United Kingdom University of Surrey, Guildford Further information: Web:www.bahid.org AFDIL’s International Training Course 16-20 April 2007, USA Extraction of DNA from Aged Skeletal Remains and Forensic Mitochondrial DNA Sequence Further information: The Armed Forces DNA Identification Laboratory, 1413 Research Blvd, Bldg, 101, Rockville, MD 20850 25th Annual CME Symposium in Forensic Psychiatry April 26-29, 2007 Santa Fe, New Mexico - Inn and Spa at Loretto Further information: American College of Forensic Psychiatry PO Box 5870, Balboa Island CA 92662 Tel: (949 673-7773 - www.forensicpsychonline.com Scanning Microscopy in Forensic Science - A 3-Day Symposium at SCANNING 2007 10-12 April To be held at the Portola Plaza Hotel at Monterey Bay in Monterey, CA. Mark K. Sullivan Program Planning Committee SCANNING 2007 PO Box 485 Mahwah, NJ 07430-0485 (201 818-1010 Fax: (201 818-0086 mks@fams.org - www.fams.org -www.scanning2007.org 7th Annual Proteomic and Genomic Sample Preparation Conference - Optimizing Samples for Diagnostics and Drug Discovery 11-13 April To be held at the World Trade Center in Boston, MA. Margit Eder, PhD Conference Director Cambridge Healthtech Institute (781 972-5478 - Fax: (781 972-5425 meder@healthtech.com - www.GOTSummit.com Forensic Medical Investigation Comprehensive Review Course 11-13 April To be held in Atlantic City, NJ. CONTACT: Michael Henderson or Mary Dudley, MD Forensic Medical Investigation Institute 6505 East Central; PMB#176 Wichita, KS 67206-1924 mike

  16. Events diary

    Science.gov (United States)

    2000-01-01

    as Imperial College, the Royal Albert Hall, the Royal College of Art, the Natural History and Science Museums and the Royal Geographical Society. Under the heading `Shaping the future together' BA2000 will explore science, engineering and technology in their wider cultural context. Further information about this event on 6 - 12 September may be obtained from Sandra Koura, BA2000 Festival Manager, British Association for the Advancement of Science, 23 Savile Row, London W1X 2NB (tel: 0171 973 3075, e-mail: sandra.koura@britassoc.org.uk ). Details of the creating SPARKS events may be obtained from creating.sparks@britassoc.org.uk or from the website www.britassoc.org.uk . Other events 3 - 7 July, Porto Alegre, Brazil VII Interamerican conference on physics education: The preparation of physicists and physics teachers in contemporary society. Info: IACPE7@if.ufrgs.br or cabbat1.cnea.gov.ar/iacpe/iacpei.htm 27 August - 1 September, Barcelona, Spain GIREP conference: Physics teacher education beyond 2000. Info: www.blues.uab.es/phyteb/index.html

  17. Entre champetuos, pupys y harcoretos: Identidades juveniles en santa marta

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Giraldo

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo describe las principales articulaciones de las identidades juveniles en la ciudad de Santa Marta, en el Caribe colombiano. Para ello, contrasta las más relevantes figuras en el espectro de las experiencias y subjetividades juveniles en sus estrechas relaciones con diferentes géneros musicales. Se evidencia, entonces, que en las identidades juveniles se pueden diferenciar unas figuras hegemónicas (champetuo, pupy, yuquero de unas alternativas (harcoreto,electrónico.

  18. Nuraghic Well of Santa Cristina, Paulilatino, Oristano, Sardinia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lebeuf, Arnold

    The Nuraghic well of Santa Cristina, Sardinia, has been regarded as a ritual monument built to receive moonlight on its water mirror at the time of the meridian passage of the moon when it reaches its highest point in the sky around the time of a major standstill. In this chapter, we investigate the precision that could have been achieved and conclude that the well could indeed have served as an instrument for measuring the lunar declination during half of the draconic cycle of 18.61 years.

  19. Tipos de Tiempo en el periodo de Semana Santa Vallisoletana.

    OpenAIRE

    Miranda Martín, Javier

    2017-01-01

    El propósito del proyecto es el análisis y la caracterización de ciertos tipos de tiempo a partir de los datos observados de la Base de Datos Climatológica del Observatorio de Valladolid. Los datos analizados corresponden a los ocho días de Semana Santa de un periodo de 37 años que comprenden entre los años 1981 y 2017. Grado en Geografía y Ordenación del Territorio

  20. Laysan Teal Anas laysanensis nesting phenology and site characteristics on Laysan Island

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reynolds, M.H.; Crampton, L.H.; Vekasy, M.S.

    2007-01-01

    Factors influencing breeding initiation of the endangered Laysan Teal Anas laysanensis were studied on Laysan Island in the Hawaiian Islands National Wildlife Refuge between 1998 and 2006. Sixty-two radio-tagged adult females were tracked for 30-180 days to locate and describe their nest sites. In addition, the Laysan Teal were surveyed daily during the breeding season, and 331 individually colour-ringed females were marked to identify new broods and timing of incubation initiation. Temperature, rainfall, and abundance of Brine Flies (Scatella sexnotata, an important prey) were measured in all years. Females nested on average 213 m (s.e. ?? 37 m) from the lake basin primarily in Eragrostis variablis, a native bunch grass with > 75% cover. The first observation of nesting in marine debris by Laysan Teal was reported. The initiation of incubation, at the start of the breeding season each year, varied from December to July, and differed significantly between years. Brine Fly abundance, temperature, and rainfall also varied significantly between years. The earlier the Brine Fly abundance peaked, the longer the duration of the breeding season. The length of the breeding season, measured as the number of days between the first and last clutches, varied from 83-192 days (mean 116 ?? 14 days). Annual brood production was positively correlated with spring peak abundance of Brine Flies. There was some evidence that it was negatively correlated with the number of adult females in the population. Rainfall, temperature, prey abundance, and the density of other birds on Laysan Island are likely to interact in influencing Laysan Teal's variable nesting phenology and productivity. ?? Wildfowl & Wetlands Trust.

  1. Arsenic, cadmium, copper, lead, and selenium in migrating blue-winged teal (Anas discors L.).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fedynich, A M; Ballard, B M; McBride, T J; Estrella, J A; Garvon, J M; Hooper, M J

    2007-11-01

    The blue-winged teal (Anas discors L.), an abundant waterfowl species in North America, winters primarily in Mexico, Central America, and South America. Its transcontinental migratory behavior provides the opportunity to examine contaminant acquisition across a diverse biogeographic landscape that has varied environmental regulations and wildlife laws. We determined concentrations of arsenic (As), cadmium (Cd), copper (Cu), lead (Pb), and selenium (Se) in liver samples of blue-winged teal migrating through southern Texas during autumn 1998 (n = 47) and spring 1999 (n = 46). Concentrations for As (range 0.006 to 0.22 microg/g wet weight [ww]), Cd (range 0.007 to 8.14 microg/g ww), and Pb (range 0.012 to 1.79 microg/g ww) were at background levels for birds, whereas Cu (8.1 to 227.3 microg/g ww) and Se (0.36 to 5.07 microg/g ww) were increased in several individuals. All 24 hatch-year (HY) blue-winged teal had detectable levels of Cd, Cu, Pb, and Se, and eight had detectable levels of As. A seasonal effect was found for Cd, in which the mean Cd concentration in autumn was lower (p teal found the mean concentration of Cd was higher (p teal found that the mean concentration of Cu was higher (p 0.05) were found for the five elements examined. Results indicated that blue-winged teal were acquiring all five elements; that HY blue-winged teal were exposed to these elements in North America; and that increased Se concentrations in 15% of the 93-bird sample were at levels known to cause impairment in birds.

  2. Influence of groundwater development on the Doñana National Park ecosystems (Spain)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suso, J.; Llamas, M. R.

    1993-01-01

    A great percentage of the wetlands in many countries has been destroyed over the last century, mainly because of drainage for agricultural reclamation. The role of groundwater in the behavior of wetlands has usually been recognized in a general way, but there are still few studies on the hydrogeology of wetlands. The Doñana National Park (DNP) is probably the most important National Park in the European Community. It is located on the estuary of the Guadalquivir River. The functioning of the DNP's ecosystems is closely related to the geohydrology of the area. The aquifer system consists essentially of unconsolidated Plio-Quaternary materials covering an area of 2400 km 2. Under the central marshy area (about 1800 km 2) the aquifer system is confined below low-permeability estuary deposits. Around most of the marshland the aquifer crops out and is recharged by rainfall. The DNP has an area of 730 km 2; part of it is in the marshland and part in the rechaarge area where the aquifer is phreatic. In the 1970s Spain's largest irrigation project using groundwater, covering a surface area of 240 km 2, was planned in an area bordering the national park. The initial project has been scaled down to 100 km 2, mainly as a result of protests by conservation groups. A review is presented of the various evaluations of the influence of groundwater extraction on the functioning of the wetlands. The authors consider that the water table decline as a result of pumpage for current irrigation could cause a large part of the ecotone—situated at the contact-line between the marshland and the phreatic aquifer—to deteriorate. This ecotone exists because it is a natural groundwater discharge area. The small streams feeding the marshland will also be depleted by groundwater extraction. Another significant problem will be surface and groundwater caused by agricultural activities.

  3. Insights from ANA-grade angiosperms into the early evolution of CUP-SHAPED COTYLEDON genes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vialette-Guiraud, Aurélie C. M.; Adam, Hélène; Finet, Cédric; Jasinski, Sophie; Jouannic, Stefan; Scutt, Charles P.

    2011-01-01

    Background and Aims The closely related NAC family genes NO APICAL MERISTEM (NAM) and CUP-SHAPED COTYLEDON3 (CUC3) regulate the formation of boundaries within and between plant organs. NAM is post-transcriptionally regulated by miR164, whereas CUC3 is not. To gain insight into the evolution of NAM and CUC3 in the angiosperms, we analysed orthologous genes in early-diverging ANA-grade angiosperms and gymnosperms. Methods We obtained NAM- and CUC3-like sequences from diverse angiosperms and gymnosperms by a combination of reverse transcriptase PCR, cDNA library screening and database searching, and then investigated their phylogenetic relationships by performing maximum-likelihood reconstructions. We also studied the spatial expression patterns of NAM, CUC3 and MIR164 orthologues in female reproductive tissues of Amborella trichopoda, the probable sister to all other flowering plants. Key Results Separate NAM and CUC3 orthologues were found in early-diverging angiosperms, but not in gymnosperms, which contained putative orthologues of the entire NAM + CUC3 clade that possessed sites of regulation by miR164. Multiple paralogues of NAM or CUC3 genes were noted in certain taxa, including Brassicaceae. Expression of NAM, CUC3 and MIR164 orthologues from Am. trichopoda was found to co-localize in ovules at the developmental boundary between the chalaza and nucellus. Conclusions The NAM and CUC3 lineages were generated by duplication, and CUC3 was subsequently lost regulation by miR164, prior to the last common ancestor of the extant angiosperms. However, the paralogous NAM clade genes CUC1 and CUC2 were generated by a more recent duplication, near the base of Brassicaceae. The function of NAM and CUC3 in defining a developmental boundary in the ovule appears to have been conserved since the last common ancestor of the flowering plants, as does the post-transcriptional regulation in ovule tissues of NAM by miR164. PMID:21320879

  4. Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos) mortality and recovery rates vary by wing molt status at time of banding

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fleskes, Joseph P.; Halstead, Brian J.; Kohl, Jeffrey D.; Yarris, Gregory S.

    2017-01-01

    Recovery (i.e., shot, retrieved, and reported) rates and daily mortality risk of 52,330 adult Mallards (Anas platyrhynchos) leg-banded during pre-molt, in-molt, or post-molt during 1985–2011 were evaluated to better understand mortality during wing molt in dynamics of the Mallard population in California, USA. Recovery rates and non-hunting mortality risk varied by molt status at time of banding and California region where banded. Mallards banded during post-molt were 1.22 (95% credible interval = 1.10–1.32) times more likely to be recovered than Mallards banded pre-molt; recovery probability was similar for pre-molt and in-molt Mallards. Mallards banded post-molt had 0.43 (0.17–0.98) and in-molt 0.87 (0.51–1.49) times the daily risk of non-hunting mortality as Mallards banded pre-molt. Mallards were 0.92 (0.86–0.98) times as likely to be recovered, and daily risk of non-hunting mortality was 2.93 (1.79–4.94) times greater, if banded in Northeastern California than in California's Central Valley. Results indicate that high mortality during the molt period, especially in Northeastern California where most Mallards that breed in California molt, might be negatively affecting recovery (and potentially annual survival) of Mallards in California. Thus, conservation programs that reduce mortality during molt could help attain the desired population size for Mallards nesting in California.

  5. Insights from ANA-grade angiosperms into the early evolution of CUP-SHAPED COTYLEDON genes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vialette-Guiraud, Aurélie C M; Adam, Hélène; Finet, Cédric; Jasinski, Sophie; Jouannic, Stefan; Scutt, Charles P

    2011-06-01

    The closely related NAC family genes NO APICAL MERISTEM (NAM) and CUP-SHAPED COTYLEDON3 (CUC3) regulate the formation of boundaries within and between plant organs. NAM is post-transcriptionally regulated by miR164, whereas CUC3 is not. To gain insight into the evolution of NAM and CUC3 in the angiosperms, we analysed orthologous genes in early-diverging ANA-grade angiosperms and gymnosperms. We obtained NAM- and CUC3-like sequences from diverse angiosperms and gymnosperms by a combination of reverse transcriptase PCR, cDNA library screening and database searching, and then investigated their phylogenetic relationships by performing maximum-likelihood reconstructions. We also studied the spatial expression patterns of NAM, CUC3 and MIR164 orthologues in female reproductive tissues of Amborella trichopoda, the probable sister to all other flowering plants. Separate NAM and CUC3 orthologues were found in early-diverging angiosperms, but not in gymnosperms, which contained putative orthologues of the entire NAM + CUC3 clade that possessed sites of regulation by miR164. Multiple paralogues of NAM or CUC3 genes were noted in certain taxa, including Brassicaceae. Expression of NAM, CUC3 and MIR164 orthologues from Am. trichopoda was found to co-localize in ovules at the developmental boundary between the chalaza and nucellus. The NAM and CUC3 lineages were generated by duplication, and CUC3 was subsequently lost regulation by miR164, prior to the last common ancestor of the extant angiosperms. However, the paralogous NAM clade genes CUC1 and CUC2 were generated by a more recent duplication, near the base of Brassicaceae. The function of NAM and CUC3 in defining a developmental boundary in the ovule appears to have been conserved since the last common ancestor of the flowering plants, as does the post-transcriptional regulation in ovule tissues of NAM by miR164.

  6. Geothermal low-temperature reservoir assessment in northern Dona Ana County, New Mexico. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lohse, R.L.; Schoenmackers, R.

    1985-07-01

    Fifty-four shallow temperature gradient holes were drilled along Interstate Highway 25 and the Rio Grande, from Las Cruces to Rincon, in northern Dona Ana County, New Mexico. This shallow temperature study (a joint exploration program performed with the cooperation and financial assistance of Trans-Pacific Geothermal, Inc. of Oakland, California) resulted in the discovery and confirmation of new and suspected major low-temperature geothermal resources. Elevated temperature and heat flow data suggest a thermal anomaly which can be generally described as being a nearly continuous linear feature which extends some 25 miles in length in a northwest-southeast direction with the only break being a 5-mile gap near the southern end of the study area. The width of the anomaly is only a few miles but tends to thicken around individual anomalies located within this larger anomaly. There are five main individual anomalies situated within the major anomaly and, listed from north to south, they are the: (1) Rincon Anomaly, (2) San Diego Mountain Anomaly, (3) Radium Springs KGRA, (4) Grande Dome Anomaly, and (5) Goat Mountain Anomaly. The main anomaly is well defined by a 4 HFU contour and the individual anomalies range from about 10 HFU to a high of near 30 HFU, estimated for the Rincon Anomaly. A bottom-hole temperature of 54/sup 0/C at 50 meters was also recorded at Rincon. Deeper drilling is certainly warranted and required in the Rincon Anomaly in order to discover and confirm the true commercially exploitable potential of this geothermal resource. 12 refs., 9 figs., 3 tabs.

  7. Floods and Fires: Decadal-scale terrestrial data from Santa Barbara Basin during the Common Era

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heusser, L. E.; Hendy, I. L.; Pak, D. K.

    2016-12-01

    High-resolution studies of pollen and charcoal from annually-deposited laminae of Santa Barbara Basin (SBB) reflect the regional dynamics of southern coastal California vegetation from 700- to 1900 C.E. through the Medieval Climate Anomaly, the Little Ice Age to the arrival of Europeans. Kasten core SPR0901-02KC (34°16.8' N, 120°02.3' W; 588 m water depth) was analyzed for pollen at consecutive 0.5 cm depth intervals that correspond with an average deposition of five years from 150 cm to core top. During the Medieval Climate Anomaly (MCA; 800 to 1270 C.E.) SBB sediments were dominated by xeric vegetation types (drought-resistant coastal sagebrush and chaparral) implying reduced precipitation in the southern California region. Subsequent, pulsating increases in mesic arboreal vegetation, notably oak assemblages, increase from a minima at 1200 C.E., stabilizing between 1450-1550 C.E. before gradually decreasing toward the 20th century. Prior to the late 14th century, fire events (inferred from microcharcoal fragments deposited in SBB), are rare and often associated with low lithogenic input into SBB. Notable charcoal peaks normalized to pollen abundance occur at 1110, 1200, 1410-1440, 1530, and 1764, with only the 1530 event associated with a flood layer. Fires do not appear to drive significant sediment input into the basin. Increased charcoal deposition follows the settlement of California rose to peak values in the mid 19th century. Decadal-scale fluctuations in relative abundance of mesic vegetation generally correspond with variations in sea-surface temperatures inferred from foraminiferal assemblages in SBB, and are consistent with changes in northern hemisphere circulation, indicating weakened Arctic Lows and extended La Niña-like conditions during the MCA and strengthened Aleutian Lows and extended El Niño-like atmospheric conditions during the LIA. Minimal abundance of oak and pine beginning in the 18th century corresponds with the historical period in

  8. THE ROMANIZATION PROCESS IN CRIȘANA IN THE LIGHT OF ARCHAEOLOGICAL RESEARCHES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura ARDELEAN

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available In this paper the 2nd to 4th century period for Crişana is highlighted, when this area was massively inhabited by the tribes of free Dacians, the ones not incorporated in the Roman Empire. They lived between the Iazyg Sarmatians and the Germanic people from the West and North-West and the Roman province Dacia. Their material culture lives on, changes in their structure are made by the appearance of black grainy pottery and the brick-red usual roman pottery. Gradually their culture is metamorphosed in a provincial Roman one. The settlements belonging to the free Dacians on the Crişul Repede, Crişul Alb, Crişul Negru, Barcău and Ier valleys were archaeologically researched. We mention the settlement from Medieşul Aurit where dozens of pottery kilns were discovered and where Roman style pottery was produced on a grand scale destined for trade. Researches showed that the free Dacians continued their lives even after the Roman conquest. They had contacts with Sarmatians and Germanic people but the strong Roman influence cannot be contested, especially through trade and social relations. After the Romans left the province one can observe movements of romanized Dacians towards West and North-West but also movements of free Dacians’ territory towards the once Roman Dacia. The process of romanization continues here until the arrival of the Slavs and in the 9th-10th century the Romanians form here a separate political formation.PROCESUL DE ROMANIZARE ÎN CRIȘANA ÎN LUMINA CERCETĂRILOR ARHEOLOGICEÎn această lucrare este evidențiată perioada secolelor II-IV d.Hr. în Crișana, când această zonă a fost locuită masiv de triburile dacilor liberi, cei care nu au fost încorporați în Imperiul Roman. Ei au trăit între sarmații iazygi și populațiile germanice din vest și nord-vest și provincia romană Dacia. Cultura lor materială continuă, schimbările în structura ei constau în apariția ceramicii negre zgrunțuroase și a

  9. KNOWLEDGE AS A COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGE IN PRIVATE SECURITY: A STUDY IN A COMPANY IN SANTA CATARINA, BRAZIL

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Edson Roberto Scharf; Amélia Silveira

    2013-01-01

    ... companies in the private security market of Santa Catarina. The leading company in the private security sector in the business segment of Santa Catarina served as the basis for the research on knowledge management application...

  10. Knowledge as a competitive advantage in private security: a study in a company in Santa Catarina, Brazil

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Scharf, Edson Roberto; Silveira, Amelia

    2013-01-01

    ... companies in the private security market of Santa Catarina. The leading company in the private security sector in the business segment of Santa Catarina served as the basis for the research on knowledge management application...

  11. Sung with Ink and Paper: Nicomedes Santa Cruz and the African Strand in Peru

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Swanson, Rosario

    2017-01-01

    The poem "Ritmos negros del Perú" by Afro-Peruvian writer Nicomedes Santa Cruz recovers Afro-Peruvian history and agency through the retelling of the journey of a mythical grandmother. Through the retelling of her story, the poet claims blackness and African roots as pillars of Peruvian culture. In so doing, Santa Cruz opens the door not…

  12. Spectral reflectance and soil morphology characteristics of Santa Rita Experimental Range soils

    Science.gov (United States)

    A. Karim Batchily; Donald F. Post; R. B. Bryant; Donald J. Breckenfeld

    2003-01-01

    The Santa Rita Experimental Range (SRER) soils are mostly transported alluvial sediments that occur on the piedmont slope flanking the Santa Rita Mountains in Arizona. The major geomorphic land forms are alluvial fans or fan terraces, but there are also areas of residual soils formed on granite and limestone bedrock, basin floor, stream terraces, and flood plains. The...

  13. 76 FR 38679 - Notice of Call for Nominations for Appointment of Primary and Alternate Representatives, Santa...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-01

    ... Manager, Advisory Committee Nomination Application, 1201 Bird Center Drive, Palm Springs, California 92262..., curriculum vitae). Nomination application packages are available at the Santa Rosa and San Jacinto Mountains National Monument Office, 1201 Bird Center Drive, Palm Springs, California; through the Santa Rosa and San...

  14. The Upper Santa Ynez River as Habitat for a Diverse Riparian Flora and Fauna

    Science.gov (United States)

    M. Violet Gray; James M. Greaves; Thomas E. Olson

    1989-01-01

    The upper Santa Ynez River, Santa Barbara County, provides habitats for a relatively large population of least Bell's vireos (Vireo bellii pusillus), as well as diverse riparian flora and fauna. Of particular interest is the richness of the species within particular guilds. Four species of vireos: least Bell's, warbling (Vireo...

  15. Fecal Coliform and E. coli Concentrations in Effluent-Dominated Streams of the Upper Santa Cruz Watershed

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emily C. Sanders

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available This study assesses the water quality of the Upper Santa Cruz Watershed in southern Arizona in terms of fecal coliform and Escherichia coli (E. coli bacteria concentrations discharged as treated effluent and from nonpoint sources into the Santa Cruz River and surrounding tributaries. The objectives were to (1 assess the water quality in the Upper Santa Cruz Watershed in terms of fecal coliform and E. coli by comparing the available data to the water quality criteria established by Arizona, (2 to provide insights into fecal indicator bacteria (FIB response to the hydrology of the watershed and (3 to identify if point sources or nonpoint sources are the major contributors of FIB in the stream. Assessment of the available wastewater treatment plant treated effluent data and in-stream sampling data indicate that water quality criteria for E. coli and fecal coliform in recreational waters are exceeded at all locations of the Santa Cruz River. For the wastewater discharge, 13%–15% of sample concentrations exceeded the 800 colony forming units (cfu per 100 mL sample maximum for fecal coliform and 29% of samples exceeded the full body contact standard of 235 cfu/100 mL established for E. coli; while for the in-stream grab samples, 16%–34% of sample concentrations exceeded the 800 cfu/100 mL sample maximum for fecal coliforms and 34%–75% of samples exceeded the full body contact standard of 235 cfu/100 mL established for E. coli. Elevated fecal coliform and E. coli concentrations were positively correlated with periods of increased streamflow from rainfall. FIB concentrations observed in-stream are significantly greater (p-value < 0.0002 than wastewater treatment plants effluent concentrations; therefore, water quality managers should focus on nonpoint sources to reduce overall fecal indicator loads. Findings indicate that fecal coliform and E. coli concentrations are highly variable, especially along urban streams and generally increase with

  16. Diagnosis of the retail flower market of Santa Maria, RS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Janine Farias Menegaes

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The present study aimed to diagnose the flowers retail market and ornamental plants in Santa Maria, RS, Brazil, by means of a research in loco, from January to June of 2013, based on questionnaires and interviews applied to the managers of the establishment, as well as of an application of a visual and phytosanitary scale to other establishments that sell flowers and ornamental plants, such as agricultural shops, fairs of horticultural products, supermarkets and providers of funeral services - cemeteries and funeral homes. The diagnosis aims to know the steps of the dynamics observed from the market of flowers until the final consumer, and to segment the types of floricultures, distinguishing them according to the commercial focus — floricultures of arrangements and bouquets, and producing flowers and landscape floricultures. Based on the diagnosis it can be concluded that the Santa Maria retail flowers and ornamental plants follows the national trend of floral arrangements and bouquets shops, with the increase of the companies focused on landscaping and gardening. Among the most marketed plants are the rose as the best-selling cut flower, the begonia as potted flower, the fern for foliage arrangements, the cactus as potted plant, the raffia as garden plant and the pansy as the best-selling plant in boxes.

  17. Erosivity of rainfall in Lages, Santa Catarina, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jefferson Schick

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The erosive capacity of rainfall can be expressed by an index and knowing it allows recommendation of soil management and conservation practices to reduce water erosion. The objective of this study was to calculate various indices of rainfall erosivity in Lages, Santa Catarina, Brazil, identify the best one, and discover its temporal distribution. The study was conducted at the Center of Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences, Lages, Santa Catarina, using daily rainfall charts from 1989 to 2012. Using the computer program Chuveros , 107 erosivity indices were obtained, which were based on maximum intensity in 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, 35, 40, 45, 50, 55, 60, 70, 80, 90, 100, 110, 120, 135, 150, 165, 180, 210, and 240 min of duration and on the combination of these intensities with the kinetic energy obtained by the equations of Brown & Foster, Wagner & Massambani, and Wischmeier & Smith. The indices of the time period from 1993 to 2012 were correlated with the respective soil losses from the standard plot of the Universal Soil Loss Equation (USLE in order to select the erosivity index for the region. Erosive rainfall accounted for 83 % of the mean annual total volume of 1,533 mm. The erosivity index (R factor of rainfall recommended for Lages is the EI30, whose mean annual value is 5,033 MJ mm ha-1 h-1, and of this value, 66 % occurs from September to February. Mean annual erosivity has a return period estimated at two years with a 50 % probability of occurrence.

  18. Outbreak of autochthonous canine visceral leishmaniasis in Santa Catarina, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mário Steindel

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available The present study reports the first outbreak of autochthonous canine visceral leishmaniasis in Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, southern Brazil. Following the report of two cases of CVL, the Control Center of Zoonotic Diseases conducted a serological survey by ELISA and IFAT assays in seven districts of the Santa Catarina Island. Eleven seropositive dogs of autochthonous transmission were used in the present study. Infection by Leishmania sp. was confirmed by parasitological examination of bone marrow, liver, spleen and lymph nodes, culture in Schneider's medium and PCR. Leishmania sp. isolates were characterized by PCR-RFLP and hybridization with specific probes, allowing for the identification of Leishmania infantum. Autochthonous transmission of this disease in an area with high tourist traffic presents a major public health concern and signifies the emergence of an important zoonosis in southern Brazil. Therefore, the implementation of surveillance and control measures is imperative to prevent the spread of the disease among the canine population as well as transmission to the human population.

  19. Santa Fé (México: Megaproyectos para una ciudad dividida

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alfonso Valenzuela

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Después de que la globalización fue narrada como destino ineludible de la modernidad, algunos críticos comienzan a cuestionarse sobre la variedad de intercambios, desencuentros y desigualdades que ésta provoca. Siguiendo el cuestionamiento que García Canclini hace sobre la globalización circular que presentan los medios, el crecimiento de las ciudades nos remite a una globalización tangencial en la que se generan desarrollos tecnológicos e inmobiliarios que lo mismo se ubican en Sao Paolo, Ciudad de México o Miami. Anunciada como el «nuevo modelo de ciudad» y la «zona de mayor desarrollo inmobiliario de América Latina», Santa se erige en el poniente de la ciudad de México como el mayor polo corporativo y residencial de lujo, si bien dentro de un modelo de ciudad autista y excluyente. Planeada en los años ochenta para sustituir una zona de basureros y asentamientos irregulares de bajos ingresos, Santa Fe representa la ciudad autocontenida que el resto del tejido urbano difícilmente llegará a ser.

  20. A diagnosis of Fomento Mercantil Sector South of Santa Catarina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nilane Zavarise

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a diagnosis of the factoring sector to encourage market in southern Santa Catarina state, emphasizing the importance of credit in business environment. Considering that companies need to constantly seek credit for investments and meet its obligations, factoring companies emerged in Brazil in 1982 with the objective of providing credit support, marketing and advisory services to small and medium- sized companies. The aim of this study is to highlight the evolution, the performance segments and the prospects of the mercantile promotion companies of the south of Santa Catarina state. To diagnose the sector in the region, 40 questionnaires were applied to promote commercial enterprises in the region and 18 responses were obtained. The companies began to promote commercial activity in the region in 1989 and have presented a quantitative growth. Today Amrec factoring's customers are micro enterprises, small and medium business companies, and the industrial sector is the one which most uses its factoring services. Most companies settled in the region were formed by entrepreneurs who had previously worked in the financial market, and the average age of these firms is 6.81 years. Among the principal factors behind the sector's growth in the region of Amrec, stands out the facility that businesses found in factoring for the granting of credit, increasing credit demand and popularity, where the activity of promoting market had its recognition by society.

  1. Wave Energy Resource along the Coast of Santa Catarina (Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pasquale Contestabile

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Brazil has one of the largest electricity markets in South America, which needs to add 6000 MW of capacity every year in order to satisfy growing the demand from an increasing and more prosperous population. Apart from biomass, no other renewable energy sources, besides hydroelectricity, play a relevant role in the energy mix. The potential for wind and wave energy is very large. Brazil's Santa Catarina state government is starting a clean energy program in the state, which is expected to bring more than 1 GW of capacity. Assessment of wave energy resources is needed along the coastline. This work studied the potential wave energy along the north-central coasts of Santa Catarina, in Southern Brazil, by analysis of the hindcast data from the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF. The annual offshore wave power was found to be equal to 15.25 kW/m, the bulk of which is provided by southeastern waves. The nearshore energetic patterns were studied by means of a numerical coastal propagation model (Mike21 SW. The mean wave power of 20 m isobaths is 11.43 kW/m. Supplementary considerations are drawn on realistic perspectives for wave energy converters installations.

  2. Permeable Borders: the Circulation of Captives in Santa Fe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carina P. Lucaioli

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo abordamos las distintas estrategias de interacción elaboradas entre hispanocriollos e indígenas –charrúas, mocovíes y abipones– en el contexto santafesino durante los siglos xvii y xviii, tomando como eje de análisis la circulación de cautivos hacia uno y otro lado de las fronteras. Partimos de considerar a la ciudad de Santa Fe como un centro de interacción, cuyas fronteras se delinearon por medio de las intensas y fluidas relaciones con los diversos grupos nativos a lo largo del tiempo, fomentando complejos procesos de intercambios y mestizajes. Asimismo, señalamos la necesidad de considerar a las fronteras santafesinas como un espacio integrado, un complejo fronterizo cuyo desarrollo histórico apunta a la interacción y análisis conjunto del frente chaqueño y la “otra banda” del Río Paraná. Finalmente, abordamos la problemática de los cautivos como dispositivos de mediación entre diferentes grupos étnicos, capaces de vehiculizar potenciales intercambios económicos, políticos, diplomáticos y simbólicos que fueron fundamentales en el desarrollo histórico de las relaciones de fronteras de Santa Fe.

  3. Hydrogeologic framework of the Santa Clara Valley, California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hanson, Randall T.

    2015-01-01

    The hydrologic framework of the Santa Clara Valley in northern California was redefined on the basis of new data and a new hydrologic model. The regional groundwater flow systems can be subdivided into upper-aquifer and lower-aquifer systems that form a convergent flow system within a basin bounded by mountains and hills on three sides and discharge to pumping wells and the southern San Francisco Bay. Faults also control the flow of groundwater within the Santa Clara Valley and subdivide the aquifer system into three subregions.After decades of development and groundwater depletion that resulted in substantial land subsidence, Santa Clara Valley Water District (SCVWD) and the local water purveyors have refilled the basin through conservation and importation of water for direct use and artificial recharge. The natural flow system has been altered by extensive development with flow paths toward major well fields. Climate has not only affected the cycles of sedimentation during the glacial periods over the past million years, but interannual to interdecadal climate cycles also have affected the supply and demand components of the natural and anthropogenic inflows and outflows of water in the valley. Streamflow has been affected by development of the aquifer system and regulated flow from reservoirs, as well as conjunctive use of groundwater and surface water. Interaquifer flow through water-supply wells screened across multiple aquifers is an important component to the flow of groundwater and recapture of artificial recharge in the Santa Clara Valley. Wellbore flow and depth-dependent chemical and isotopic data indicate that flow into wells from multiple aquifers, as well as capture of artificial recharge by pumping of water-supply wells, predominantly is occurring in the upper 500 ft (152 m) of the aquifer system. Artificial recharge represents about one-half of the inflow of water into the valley for the period 1970–1999. Most subsidence is occurring below 250 ft

  4. Strategic Environmental Assessment of the Effects of European Union's Regional Development Plans in Doñana National Park (Spain).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oñate, Juan José; Pereira, David; Suárez, Francisco

    2003-05-01

    The European Union's Structural Funds are implemented by means of Regional Development Plans (RDP), whose regionally scoped environmental assessment is required. We highlight the deficiencies faced by this approach when subregional areas with high conservation natural values are involved and illustrate it with the case of the RDP of Andalusia region on Doñana National Park area (Spain). Commissioned by the World Wildlife Fund, a Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) of the Andalusian RDP was carried out focusing on Doñana and its area of influence. This is a complex space where some of the most environmentally valuable features in the continent coexist with a surrounding intense and multi-sector economic activity, threatening its conservation. In the absence of an established sustainability framework in the Region, a "trickle-down" SEA approach evidenced the need to produce a set of environmental, economic and social guidelines for sustainable management of land, against which the RDP objectives were tested for coherence. An "incremental" SEA approach was also tested, which involved the identification of 79 measures and actions stemming from the RDP provisions and other concurrent planning documents reviewed and the qualitative assessment of their individual and cumulative potential impacts on Doñana environments. In the light of the results, a set of complementary mitigating measures was proposed for inclusion in tiered stages of the planning process. Measures to avoid, reduce, remedy and monitor the major types of impact were proposed, including provisions for public participation. SEA emerges as an instrument for non-governmental organizations (NGOs) to carry out independent assessment of public development initiatives.

  5. [Early onset neonatal infections in the South of the Reunion Island: Incidence and use of 2002 ANAES risk criteria].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gérardin, P; Fianu, A; Choker, G; Carbonnier, M; Jamal-Bey, K; Heisert, M; Picot, S; Favier, F; Robillard, P-Y; Barau, G

    2008-04-01

    The aim of this study was to describe the incidence of early onset neonatal infections (EONI) in the southern part of the Reunion Island, and to study the application of ANAES criteria. A cross-sectional study was made of data collected for all live births having occurred between 1st January 2001 and 31st December 2004. Four hundred and thirty-seven in 16,071 neonates (out of 21,231 live births) presented with a certain or probable EONI, accounting for a regional rate of 20 per thousand (CI95 % 18-23 per thousand). Among 437 EONIs, group B streptococcus (GBS) was reported in 70.5% of the cases (n=308), Gram negative bacteria in 19.9% (n=87), of which nearly two thirds of Escherichia coli (n=56). Applying ANAES criteria led to identify 380 EONIs among 437 proven infections (sensitivity: 87%, specificity: 26%). A logistic regression analysis identified eight EONI predictors for the 7015 neonates for whom the mother GBS screening was documented: GBS positive vaginal culture (OR 4.2; CI95% 3.3-5.4), unexplained preterm birth less than 35 weeks (OR 5.7; CI95% 3.7-8.7), prolonged rupture of membranes greater than or equal to 18 hours (OR 2.1; CI95% 1.4-3.0), maternal fever greater than or equal to 37.8 degrees C (OR 3.2; CI95% 2.3-4.5), fetal tachycardia greater than or equal to 160 ppm (OR 2.7; CI95% 1.8-4.0), and thin (OR 1.6; CI95% 1.2-2.1) or thick meconium-stained amniotic fluid (OR 3.0; CI95% 2.1-4.5) or fetid fluid (OR 14.8; CI95% 4.2-51.8). The incidence of EONIS far exceeded that observed in metropolitan France, and the ANAES criteria lack sensitivity and specificity.

  6. Medicīniska rakstura piespiedu līdzekļu noteikšanas procesuālā kārtība

    OpenAIRE

    Legzdiņa, Laura

    2017-01-01

    Maģistra darbā „Medicīniska rakstura piespiedu līdzekļu noteikšanas procesuālā kārtība” aplūkotas teorijā un praksē pastāvošās un aktuālās problēmas attiecībā uz medicīniska rakstura piespiedu līdzekļu noteikšanas procesuālo kārtību, lēmuma izpildi, izpildes kontroli un noteiktā medicīniska rakstura piespiedu līdzekļa grozīšanas un atcelšanas procesuālo kārtību. Medicīniska rakstura piespiedu līdzekļu noteikšanas procesuālās kārtības apskats ir iedalīts divās grupās – pirmstiesas kriminālproc...

  7. Iteratīvi izstrādājamās programmatūras testēšanas ekonomika

    OpenAIRE

    Vaisfelds, Leonīds

    2009-01-01

    Maģistra darbs „Iteratīvi izstrādājamās programmatūras testēšanas ekonomika” ir veltīts testēšanas procesam iteratīvās izstrādes metodes ietvaros. Galvenā problēma, kam tiek veltīts darbs, ir iteratīvās testēšanas stratēģijas izvēle un izmaksu optimizācija, kuras ietvaros primāri tiek analizēta manuālās un automatizētās testēšanas specifika. Darba teorētiskajā daļā ir analizēta iteratīvās izstrādes un iteratīvās testēšanas būtība un to aspekti. Rezultāti demonstrē iteratīvās izstrādes u...

  8. Representações sociais da água em Santa Catarina Representaciones sociales del agua en Santa Catarina Social representation of water in Santa Catarina State

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gislei Mocelin Polli

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Preocupações ambientais, entre elas problemas relacionados à água, estão cada vez mais presentes na sociedade contemporânea. Nesta pesquisa buscou-se conhecer as representações sociais da água em comunidades rurais de Santa Catarina. Este é um dos subprojetos do programa Tecnologias Sociais para Gestão da Água, patrocinado pela Petrobrás Ambiental. Para este estudo houve aplicação de instrumento de evocações livres, tendo como termo indutor "Água". As respostas foram tratadas pelos programas Evoc e Similitude 2000 e analisadas a partir da teoria do núcleo central. Os resultados indicam que a água é compreendida como essencial à vida, ligada à saúde e de necessária preservação. A sustentabilidade também é suscitada, pois a água é considerada essencial à sobrevivência. Seu uso em atividades cotidianas também foi considerado. Elementos como poluição, economia e escassez indicam preocupação com o que vem acontecendo em relação ao recurso e com a necessidade de preservá-lo.Preocupaciones ambientales, entre ellos problemas relacionados al agua, están cada vez más presentes en la sociedad. En esta investigación se buscó conocer las representaciones sociales del agua en comunidades rurales de Santa Catarina. Este es uno de los proyectos subordinados al Programa: Tecnologías Sociales para la Gestión del Agua, patrocinado por la Petrobras Ambiental. Para este estudio fue aplicado un instrumento de evocación libre, teniendo como término inductor "Agua". Las respuestas fueron procesadas por los programas Evoc y Similitude 2000, y analisadas a partir de la teoría del núcleo central. Los resultados indican que el agua es entendida como escencial para la vida, ligada a la salud, y necesita ser preservada. La sustentabilidad también es considerada, pues el agua es considerada esencial para la sobrevivencia. El uso del recurso en actividades cotidianas también fue considerado. Elementos como polución, econom

  9. Germination of hyphal bodies of Pythium spiculum isolated from declining cork oaks at Doñana National Park (Spain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    PAOLO DE VITA

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Pythium spiculum, a recently described new taxon, has been isolated from declining cork oaks (Quercus suber L. at Doñana National Park (south-western Spain. The microorganism can infect and cause root disease in Quercus, but currently it is unknown whether its hyphal bodies can germinate and infect host trees. These hyphal bodies, regardless of shape, have been shown to be able to germinate, producing long germ tubes, sometimes ramified. Zoospore production was not recorded, but hyphal bodies are potential host infective structures in dry soil conditions.

  10. Tendências da literatura juvenil contemporânea: os temas fraturantes na obra de Ana Saldanha

    OpenAIRE

    Ramos, Ana Margarida; Fonseca, Ana Daniela

    2015-01-01

    Pretende-se, neste estudo, proceder à análise das representa- ções das temáticas e universos fraturantes na obra narrativa juvenil de Ana Saldanha, autora portuguesa contemporânea de reconhecido mérito. Ao longo de quase duas décadas de atividade literária, os seus livros apresen- tam uma visão crítica da sociedade urbana atual, dando voz aos principais problemas e tensões dos destinatários preferenciais das suas obras, centra- dos no universo juvenil. O romance Para maiores de dezasseis (200...

  11. 'Pues tanto se esconde': Elusion at (inter)play in Ana Caro's El conde Partinuplés

    OpenAIRE

    Torres, Isabel

    2015-01-01

    El conde Partinuplés (first published 1653) is one of only two extant plays written by the Sevillan poet/dramatist Ana Caro Mallén de Soto (‘la décima musa sevillana’). Despite McKendrick's dismissal of the play as ‘extremely bad’, it has been the object of substantial critical scrutiny since the 1970s, impelled in great part by the production of modern editions (Luna and Delgado) and by Kaminsky's bio-biographical study (1973). Two responses have dominated: analysis of the play's imaginative...

  12. Biodiversidad de corales, gorgonias y esponjas en un sector del golfo de Ana María

    OpenAIRE

    González-Díaz, P.; Perera-Pérez, O.; Pérez-García, J. A.; Hernández-Fernández, L.

    2012-01-01

    La investigación se realizó en los meses de octubre de 2011 y marzo de 2012. A partir del análisis de imágenes satelitales se seleccionaron 41 sitios en el sector central del golfo de Ana María, región surcentral de Cuba. En dichos sitios se llevó a cabo el inventario de corales, gorgonias y esponjas. Para los corales, se analizó, además, el estado de salud. El inventario se realizó en los ecosistemas de manglar, pastizales y arrecifes de coral (biotopos de cabezos y fondos areno-...

  13. Female Dramatists and Censorship during the Last Period of the Franco Regime: Carmen Resino and Ana Diosdado

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diego Santos Sánchez

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Drawing on censorship files, this article studies how censorship tackled the theatre written by women and the role of the female playwright during the last years of the Franco regime. This will be illustrated through the two most representative and popular dramatists from the seventies: Carmen Resino and Ana Diosdado. The way their work was judged by the censors will be assessed and linked with the situation of earlier female authors from the Franco period as well as with the female theatre shaped during the post-Franco era.

  14. Hydrodynamic characteristics of the western Doñana Region (area of El Abalario), Huelva, Spain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trick, Thomas; Custodio, Emilio

    The Doñana region, in southwestern Spain, comprises a large and important nature reserve, the wetlands of which are affected by human activity. Planting of an extensive eucalyptus forest in the 1950s and, more recently, the use of aquifers for irrigation and water supply for some coastal tourist resorts, have altered the natural groundwater-flow system. The area of the study is the western sector of the region, called El Abalario, which is a gentle topographic elevation between the Atlantic coast and La Rocina Creek (Arroyo de la Rocina). Underneath a variable layer of eolian sands with high dunes near the coast, thick Plio-Quaternary detritic strata, mostly fine silica sands, overlie marls. Near the base there is a variable, deltaic-origin layer of coarse sands and gravels. The dome-shaped water table, inside the sands, is close to the surface everywhere except beneath the dune belt, and small, temporary, shallow lagoons are numerous. The coarse sand and gravel layer conditions groundwater flow and behaves as a semiconfined layer between sands. A cross section through the area was simulated with a model to check the validity of the conceptual groundwater-flow pattern and its sensitivity to the hydraulic parameters. The model was calibrated using parameter values obtained by pumping tests and multilevel piezometric data, and checked against the estimated groundwater discharge into La Rocina Creek. Groundwater flows peripherally to the sea coast, to La Rocina Creek, or directly east and southeastward into the Doñana marshlands, in the Guadalquivir River delta. The average net aquifer recharge rate was calculated to be between 100 and 200 mm year-1 for the area covered by brush, but is remarkably lower in the areas of eucalyptus trees. The transient-state model shows that recharge varies spatially and is not clearly proportional to annual precipitation. Phreatic evapotranspiration plays an important role in decreasing the net value of aquifer recharge to

  15. Shatter cone and microscopic shock-alteration evidence for a post-Paleoproterozoic terrestrial impact structure near Santa Fe, New Mexico, USA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fackelman, Siobhan P.; Morrow, Jared R.; Koeberl, Christian; McElvain, Thornton H.

    2008-06-01

    Field mapping, morphologic description, and petrographic analysis of recently discovered shatter cones within Paleoproterozoic crystalline rocks exposed over an area > 5 km 2, located ˜ 8 km northeast of Santa Fe, New Mexico, USA, give robust evidence of a previously unrecognized terrestrial impact structure. Herein, we provisionally name this the "Santa Fe impact structure". The shatter cones are composed of nested sub-conical, curviplanar, and flat joint surfaces bearing abundant curved and bifurcating striations that strongly resemble the multiply striated joint surfaces (MSJS) documented from shatter cones at Vredefort dome. The cones occur as a penetrative feature in intrusive igneous and supracrustal metamorphic rocks, are unusually large (up to 2 m long and 0.5 m wide at the base), display upward-pointing apices, and have subvertical, northeastward-plunging axes that crosscut regional host-rock fabrics. Key characteristics of superficially similar, but non-shock-generated conical and striated features are inconsistent with the properties of the Santa Fe cones. In thin section, sub-millimeter-scale, dark, semi-opaque to isotropic veneers on cone surfaces and veinlets within cone interiors closely resemble previously described shock-induced melt features. Microscopic grain alteration, restricted generally to within 1 mm of the cone surfaces, includes random fractures, fluid micro-inclusions, sericite replacement in feldspar, rare kink bands in mica, optical mosaicism, and decorated planar fractures (PFs) and planar deformation features (PDFs) in quartz. The PFs and PDFs are dominated by a basal (0001) crystallographic orientation, which indicate a peak shock pressure of ˜ 5-10 GPa that is consistent with shatter cone formation. Regional structural and exhumation models, together with anomalous breccia units that overlie and crosscut the shatter cone-bearing rocks, may provide additional age constraints for the impact event. The observed shatter cone outcrop

  16. Gênese do serviço de enfermagem do Hospital Federal de Bonsucesso: contribuição da escola Ana Néri Génesis del servicio de enfermería en el Hospital Federal de Bonsucesso: contribución de la Escuela Ana Neri Genesis of nursing service in Hospital Federal Bonsucesso: contribution of Ana Neri School

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Camila Pureza Guimarães Silva

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available O objeto deste estudo é a implantação do Serviço de Enfermagem no Hospital do Instituto de Aposentadoria e Pensões dos Empregados em Transportes e Cargas, atual Hospital Federal de Bonsucesso, no período 1946-1948. Seu objetivo é discutir a participação da Escola Ana Néri nesse processo. Fontes primárias: documentos escritos e depoimentos orais. Fontes secundárias: bibliografias acerca da temática. A abordagem teórico-metodológica apoiou-se em conceitos dos sociólogos Pierre Bourdieu e Maria Cecília Minayo. Evidenciou-se que a contribuição da Escola Ana Néri além de ter sido decisiva para o sucesso da implantação do Serviço de Enfermagem no Hospital do Instituto de Aposentadoria e Pensões dos Empregados em Transportes e Cargas também contribuiu para reforçar sua posição no espaço hospitalar da capital federal no governo Dutra.El objeto de este estudio es la implementación del Servicio de Enfermería en el Hospital del Instituto de Aposentadoria e Pensões dos Empregados em Transportes e Cargas, actual Hospital Federal de Bonsucesso, en el periodo 1946-1948. Su objetivo es discutir la participación de la Escuela Ana Neri en ese proceso. Fuentes primarias: documentos escritos y testimonios orales. Las fuentes secundarias: bibliografías sobre el tema. Los enfoques teóricos y metodológicos se basaron en los conceptos de los sociólogos Pierre Bourdieu y María Cecilia Minayo. Era evidente que la contribución de la Escuela Ana Neri, además de decisiva para la exitosa implementación del Servicio de Enfermería en el Hospital del Instituto de Aposentadoria e Pensões dos Empregados em Transportes e Cargas también contribuyó para fortalecer su posición en el espacio hospitalario de la Capital Federal en el Gobierno Dutra.The object of this study is the implementation of the Nursing Service at the Hospital of the Institute of Retirement and Pension Employee Transport and Cargo current Federal Bonsucesso Hospital

  17. Blood lead exposure concentrations in mottled ducks (Anas fulvigula) on the upper Texas coast

    Science.gov (United States)

    McDowell, Stephen K.; Conway, Warren C.; Haukos, David A.; Moon, Jena A.; Comer, Christopher E.; Hung, I-Kuai

    2015-01-01

    The mottled duck (Anas fulvigula) is a non-migratory waterfowl species dependent upon coastal marsh systems, including those on the Texas Chenier Plain National Wildlife Refuge (NWR) Complex, and considered a regional indicator species of marsh habitat quality. Research from the early 1970s, 1990s, and early-2000s indicated that mottled ducks continued to exhibit elevated wing-bone lead (Pb) concentrations, decades after implementation of non-toxic shot regulations. However, wing-bone concentrations reflect lifetime accumulation of Pb, whereas blood Pb concentrations reflect more recent exposure. To identify current potentially relevant temporal windows of Pb exposure, we collected 260 blood samples from mottled ducks during summer (n=124) and winter (n=136) from 2010–2012 on the Texas Chenier Plain NWR Complex. We quantified baseline blood Pb concentrations for all ages of mottled ducks, and hypothesized that blood lead concentrations would remain elevated above background levels (200 µg L–1) despite the 1983 and 1991 lead shot bans. Blood Pb concentrations ranged from below detection limits to >12,000 µg L–1, where >200 µg L–1 was associated with exposure levels above background concentrations. Male mottled ducks had the greatest blood Pb concentrations (30 times greater than females) with concentrations greater during winter than summer. Likewise, the proportion of exposed (>200 µg L–1) females increased from 14%–47% from summer to winter, respectively. Regardless of sex, adult mottled duck blood Pb concentrations were five times greater than juveniles, particularly during winter. We identified five plausible models that influenced blood Pb levels where year, site, and interactions among age*sex*season and between age*season were included in the top-ranked models. Frequency of exposure was greatest during winter, increasing from 12% in summer to 55% in winter, indicating that a temporal exposure window to environmental Pb exists between nesting

  18. Histomorphological study of the parathyroid gland in female Kuttanad ducks (Anas platyrhynchos domesticus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Firdous Ahmad Dar

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Aim: The present work was targeted to form the baseline data of normal morphological and histological picture of parathyroid gland in female Kuttanad ducks.Materials and Methods: A Histomorphological study of the parathyroid gland was carried out in twelve adult female Kuttanad ducks (Anas platyrhynchos domesticus of 20 weeks of age. Birds reared semintensively were procured from Kerala Veterinary and Animal Sciences University Poultry and Duck Farm and sacrificed humanely. Glands were collected and gross parameters were recorded. The glands were fixed in 10 percent neutral buffered formalin. The small sized glands were processed as such by routine histological methods, paraffin blocks were prepared and sectioned to a thickness of 5µ. The tissues were stained by Haematoxylin and Eosin (H&E for routine histological studies and Gomori's rapid one step trichrome method for connective tissue fibres. Micrometric parameters were recorded using ocular micrometer. Results: Parathyroid glands in Kuttanad ducks lay just caudal to the division of the innominate artery into the subclavian and common carotid arteries. Parathyroids were oval to spherical in shape, yellow in colour and smaller than thyroid gland of the representative sides. The arterial blood supply was from common carotid artery and blood from gland was drained directly into jugular vein. Although it lied close to the thyroid, thymus and ultimobranchial gland, parathyroid tissue did not merge to any of the above mentioned three glands. Parenchyma was composed irregular anatomizing cords of cells supplied by connective tissue stroma penetrated by blood capillaries. Parenchyma was predominantly made of lightly stained cell, the chief cell. The nuclei were round and contain one or two nucleoli. Oxyphil cells present in parathyroid glands of other mammals were not seen in the present study. Conclusion: Histomorphological features or characteristics of Parathyroid gland in Kuttanad duck were

  19. How many Laysan Teal Anas laysanensis are on Midway Atoll? Methods for monitoring abundance after reintroduction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reynolds, Michelle H.; Courtot, Karen; Hatfield, Jeffrey

    2017-01-01

    Wildlife managers often request a simple approach to monitor the status of species of concern. In response to that need, we used eight years of monitoring data to estimate population size and test the validity of an index for monitoring accurately the abundance of reintroduced, endangered Laysan Teal Anas laysanensis. The population was established at Midway Atoll in the Hawaiian archipelago after 42 wild birds were translocated from Laysan Island during 2004–2005. We fitted 587 birds with unique markers during 2004–2015, recorded 21,309 sightings until March 2016, and conducted standardised survey counts during 2007–2015. A modified Lincoln-Petersen mark-resight estimator and ANCOVA models were used to test the relationship between survey counts, seasonal detectability, and population abundance. Differences were found between the breeding and non-breeding seasons in detection and how maximum counts recorded related to population estimates. The results showed strong, positive correlations between the seasonal maximum counts and population estimates. The ANCOVA models supported the use of standardised bi-monthly counts of unmarked birds as a valid index to monitor trends among years within a season at Midway Atoll. The translocated population increased to 661 adult and juvenile birds (95% CI = 608–714) by 2010, then declined by 38% between 2010 and 2012 after the Toˉhoku Japan earthquake-generated tsunami inundated 41% of the atoll and triggered an Avian Botulism type C Clostridium botulinum outbreak. Following another severe botulism outbreak during 2015, the population experienced a 37% decline. Data indicated that the Midway Atoll population, like the founding Laysan Island population, is susceptible to catastrophic population declines. Consistent standardised monitoring using simple counts, in place of mark-recapture and resightings surveys, can be used to evaluate population status over the long-term. We estimate there were 314–435 Laysan Teal (95

  20. Cranial joint histology in the mallard duck (Anas platyrhynchos): new insights on avian cranial kinesis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bailleul, Alida M; Witmer, Lawrence M; Holliday, Casey M

    2017-03-01

    The evolution of avian cranial kinesis is a phenomenon in part responsible for the remarkable diversity of avian feeding adaptations observable today. Although osteological, developmental and behavioral features of the feeding system are frequently studied, comparatively little is known about cranial joint skeletal tissue composition and morphology from a microscopic perspective. These data are key to understanding the developmental, biomechanical and evolutionary underpinnings of kinesis. Therefore, here we investigated joint microstructure in juvenile and adult mallard ducks (Anas platyrhynchos; Anseriformes). Ducks belong to a diverse clade of galloanseriform birds, have derived adaptations for herbivory and kinesis, and are model organisms in developmental biology. Thus, new insights into their cranial functional morphology will refine our understanding of avian cranial evolution. A total of five specimens (two ducklings and three adults) were histologically sampled, and two additional specimens (a duckling and an adult) were subjected to micro-computed tomographic scanning. Five intracranial joints were sampled: the jaw joint (quadrate-articular); otic joint (quadrate-squamosal); palatobasal joint (parasphenoid-pterygoid); the mandibular symphysis (dentary-dentary); and the craniofacial hinge (a complex flexion zone involving four different pairs of skeletal elements). In both the ducklings and adults, the jaw, otic and palatobasal joints are all synovial, with a synovial cavity and articular cartilage on each surface (i.e. bichondral joints) ensheathed in a fibrous capsule. The craniofacial hinge begins as an ensemble of patent sutures in the duckling, but in the adult it becomes more complex: laterally it is synovial; whereas medially, it is synostosed by a bridge of chondroid bone. We hypothesize that it is chondroid bone that provides some of the flexible properties of this joint. The heavily innervated mandibular symphysis is already fused in the

  1. Demographic variation, reintroduction, and persistence of an island duck (Anas laysanensis)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reynolds, Michelle H.; Weiser, Emily; Jamieson, Ian; Hatfield, Jeffrey S.

    2013-01-01

    Population variation in life history can be important for predicting successful establishment and persistence of reintroduced populations of endangered species. The Laysan duck (Anas laysanensis) is an endangered bird native to the Hawaiian Archipelago that was extirpated from most islands after the introduction of mammalian predators. Laysan ducks were restricted to a single remote island, Laysan Island (4.1 km2), for nearly 150 years. Since the species is not known to disperse between distant Hawaiian Islands today, 42 wild birds from Laysan Island were translocated to another mammalian predator-free low-lying atoll (Midway Atoll; 6.0 km2) to reduce extinction risk. We explored how variation in demography influences establishment and longer-term retention of genetic diversity (rare alleles) for reintroductions of this species. We observed dramatic differences in population growth between the source (λ = 1.18) and reintroduced (λ = 3.28) population. The number of eggs hatched at Midway Atoll was greater than at Laysan Island, however, we found no difference in hatching success (proportion of clutch hatched) between populations. Adult females produced 3 times as many fledglings per breeding year on Midway Atoll compared to Laysan Island. We estimated population abundance of both populations until 2010 and applied a Gompertz model with a Bayesian approach to infer density dependence, process variation, observation error, and carrying capacity for the Laysan Island and Midway Atoll populations. The carrying capacity from the Gompertz model for Midway Atoll (K = 883 ± 210 SD) was estimated to be greater than that of Laysan Island (K = 598 ± 76 SD). Translocations with small numbers of founders and no immigration can create population bottlenecks, leading to loss of genetic variation over time, and potentially reducing the reintroduced population's viability or its potential to serve as a source for future translocations. Therefore, we

  2. RNS izdalīšanas no žurku audiem ar TRI Reagent un RNAquenous-4PCR metožu salīdzināšana

    OpenAIRE

    Buka, Ieva

    2011-01-01

    Visu slimību un fizioloģisko stāvokļu attīstība un ārstēšana stingri saistīta ar to precīzu un ātru diagnostiku. Lai tas veiksmīgi notiktu, jāņem vērā modernās molekulāro tehnoloģiju metodes. Izdalot kvalitatīvu RNS materiālu un tālāk to analizējot ar dažādām metodēm, iespējams efektīvi un kompetenti strādāt gan ārstiem, gan biologiem, gan ģenētiķiem. Šī darba mērķis ir aplūkot un izanalizēt divas RNS izdalīšanas metodes – TRI Reagent metodi un RNAaqueos-4PCR metodi. Apskatīt šīs metodes, ...

  3. Bērnu ar dzirdes traucējumiem valodas attīstīšanas sekmēšana tēlotājdarbības nodarbībās pirmsskolā

    OpenAIRE

    Dargeļe, Gunita

    2013-01-01

    Darba nosaukums: Bērnu ar dzirdes traucējumiem valodas attīstīšanas sekmēšana tēlotājdarbības nodarbībās pirmsskolā. Darba autore: Gunita Dargeļe Darba vadītāja: Dr. paed., prof. Sarmīte Tūbele Pētījuma mērķis: Pētīt valodas attīstību ar tēlotājdarbību nodarbību palīdzību attīstīšanās procesu pirmsskolas vecuma bērnu ar dzirdes traucējumiem apmācībā. Pētījuma objekts: Valodas attīstības process pirmsskolas vecuma bērniem ar dzirdes traucējumiem. Pētījuma hipotēze: Valodas apguv...

  4. Pievienotās vērtības nodokļa piemērošanas pilnveidošanas iespējas Latvijā

    OpenAIRE

    Kulmanis, Andis

    2010-01-01

    Maģistra darbā ir pētīta pievienotās vērtības nodokļa piemērošana Latvijā. Lai uzlabotu nodokļu politikas kvalitāti Latvijā, darba mērķis ir, balstoties uz ekonomikas zinātnieku un speciālistu viedokļiem, kā arī dažādu valstu prakses analīzi kritiski novērtēt pievienotās vērtības nodokļa piemērošanu, konstatēt tās trūkumus un izteikt priekšlikumus PVN piemērošanas pilnveidošanai Latvijā. Darbs ir veidots no trijām nodaļām. Nodaļās tiek analizēti pievienotās vērtības nodokļa ...

  5. Incidental catch of marine turtles by the artisanal fisheries on Santa Catarina Island, SC, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natalia Hanazaki

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available The five species of sea turtles, which inhabit the Brazilian shore, have a wordwide distribution and are threatened with extinction. The south of Brazil is characterized as a feeding and breeding area of at least three of these species. The presence of turtles close to the shore and their incidental catch are occurrences reported by artisan fishermen of the Island of Santa Catarina in this work. The study was based on a questionnaire, applied to fishermen and fishfarmers at selected spots on the island. Scientific and popular names were matched using illustrations. The spots with the highest number of events and captures were close to the islands, rocky coasts and stony grounds, i.e. areas related with the foraging habits of the most abundant species, Chelonia mydas. The place, depth and size of the net are characteristics, which influence the capture. The time the net remains in the water is a factor which is fundamental to the survival of the captured turtles. The flesh of the turtle is used as an occasional feeding resource. Capacitation programs and training applied to the communities involved are recommended.

  6. Performance assessment of the database downscaled ocean waves (DOW) on Santa Catarina coast, South Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silva, Paula G; Klein, Antonio H F; González, Mauricio; Gutierrez, Omar; Espejo, Antonio

    2015-01-01

    This work presents a validation of wave parameters from the new sixty years Downscaled Ocean Waves (DOW) reanalysis database. This study compares quantiles of the Gumbel distribution of Hs (significant wave height) and Tp (peak period) from simulated data with an 11 months' time series obtained from a buoy moored seaward on the Santa Catarina coast. Analysis by means of Gumbel distribution quantiles allows more weight to be given to the highest values of the time series, which are especially important in design projects. The statistical parameters used to verify the fit between the measured and the modeled data included: RMSE, BIAS, Scatter Index and Pearson Correlation Coefficient. Mean direction (θm) validation was conducted qualitatively. The database showed good fit of the mean conditions, especially Hs which was well reproduced by the wave model. Underestimation of Tp, related mainly to the low spatial and temporal resolution of wind data used to generate waves, highlights this general modeling problem. Based on calculated statistical parameters, DOW data were considered comparable to the values obtained by measurements; however, such data must be cautiously used for extreme events analysis and in areas of bimodal sea conditions, where major deficiencies in the database were observed.

  7. Event dependent sampling of recurrent events

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kvist, Tine Kajsa; Andersen, Per Kragh; Angst, Jules

    2010-01-01

    The effect of event-dependent sampling of processes consisting of recurrent events is investigated when analyzing whether the risk of recurrence increases with event count. We study the situation where processes are selected for study if an event occurs in a certain selection interval. Motivation...

  8. Future Events

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adli Tıp Uzmanları Derneği ATUD

    2010-04-01

    ://www.amc.edu/Academic/CME/ Upcoming_ Events.html QCLG-meeting 2011 26 November 2011, 29 November 2011 Brussels, Belgium URL: http://www.enfsi.eu/page.php?uid=2 ENFSI Joint Meeting 01 December 2011, 02 December 2011 The Hague (NFI, The Netherlands URL: http://www.enfsi.eu/page.php?uid=2 Bloodstain Pattern Recognition - Basic course 05 December 2011, 09 December 2011 The Hague, The Netherlands URL: http://www.enfsi.eu/page.php?uid= Expert Witness Intensive Training Course - 2 Day December 8th to 9th 2011 United Kingdom /London URL: http://www.healthcareconferencesuk.co.uk/ expert_witness 6th USA Pacific Medical & Legal Conference December 13th to 20th 2011 New York /USA URL: http://www.conferences21 .com/index.php? menu=home 12th Annual Multispecialty Conference on Medical Negligence & Risk Management in Medicine, Surgery, Emergency Medicine, Radiology & Family Medicine January 5th to 8th 2012 Costa Rica / URL http://www.bumc.bu.edu/cme/educational-opportunities/live-meetings/oblawl2/ 16th Annual Europe Pacific Medical & Legal Conference January 8th to 15th 2012 Italy /Cortina D’Ampezzo URL: http://www.conferences21.com/index.php? menu = home 3rd International Workshop on Medical Image Analysis and Description for Diagnosis Systems(MIAD 2012 1- 4 February 2012 Vilamoura, Algarve, Portugal URL: http://www.biostec.org/MIAD.asp 3rd International Conference on Current Trends in Forensic Sciences, Forensic Medicine & Toxicology February 3rd to 5th 2012 India /Jaipur URL: http://www.iamleconf.in/home 3rd International Conference on Legal Medicine, Medical Negligence & Litigation in Medical Practice February 3rd to 5th 2012 India /Jaipur URL http://www.iamleconf.in/ 12th Annual Pan Europe Pacific Medical & Legal Conference February 5th to 12th 2012 France /Paris URL: http://www.conferences21.com/index.php? menu=home American College of Legal Medicine 2012 Annual Conference February 23rd to 26th 2012 Louisiana /New Orleans USA URL: http://www.aclm.org/

  9. 77 FR 31493 - Eighth Coast Guard District Annual Marine Events and Safety Zones; Billy Bowlegs Pirate Festival...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-29

    ... Annual Marine Events and Safety Zones; Billy Bowlegs Pirate Festival; Santa Rosa Sound; Ft. Walton Beach... will enforce a Special Local Regulation and a Safety Zone for the Billy Bowlegs Pirate Festival in the... Bowlegs Pirate Festival. During the enforcement period, entry into, transiting or anchoring in the...

  10. Event Index - an LHCb Event Search System

    CERN Document Server

    Ustyuzhanin, Andrey

    2015-01-01

    During LHC Run 1, the LHCb experiment recorded around 1011 collision events. This paper describes Event Index | an event search system. Its primary function is to quickly select subsets of events from a combination of conditions, such as the estimated decay channel or number of hits in a subdetector. Event Index is essentially Apache Lucene [1] optimized for read-only indexes distributed over independent shards on independent nodes.

  11. "Atal allur a catade": Recuperación figural de la Antigüedad pagana en las Cantigas de Santa María de Alfonso X

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Santiago Aníbal Disalvo

    2004-11-01

    Full Text Available There is a figural or typological nexus between the historical event told in Cantigas de Santa María 205 and a fragment of the Estoria de España, both alphonsine works which are not usually studied in connection. This feature, which is only a sample of the rich use of typology in the cancionero, is an evidence of an intended symbolic (®allegorical¼ recovery and overcoming of the pagan past, in the wider context of alphonsine texts, including also Setenario.

  12. Coarse-grained sediment delivery and distribution in the Holocene Santa Monica Basin, California: Implications for evaluating source-to-sink flux at millennial time scales

    Science.gov (United States)

    Romans, B.W.; Normark, W.R.; McGann, M.M.; Covault, J.A.; Graham, S.A.

    2009-01-01

    Utilizing accumulations of coarse-grained terrigenous sediment from deep-marine basins to evaluate the relative contributions of and history of controls on sediment flux through a source-to-sink system has been difficult as a result of limited knowledge of event timing. In this study, six new radiocarbon (14C) dates are integrated with five previously published dates that have been recalibrated from a 12.5-m-thick turbidite section from Ocean Drilling Program (ODP) Site 1015 in Santa Monica Basin, offshore California. This borehole is tied to high-resolution seismic-reflection profiles that cover an 1100 km2 area of the middle and lower Hueneme submarine fan and most of the basin plain. The resulting stratigraphic framework provides the highest temporal resolution for a thick-bedded Holocene turbidite succession to date, permitting an evaluation of source-to-sink controls at millennial (1000 yr) scales. The depositional history from 7 ka to present indicates that the recurrence interval for large turbidity-current events is relatively constant (300-360 yr), but the volume of sediment deposited on the fan and in the basin plain has increased by a factor of 2 over this period. Moreover, the amount of sand per event on the basin plain during the same interval has increased by a factor of 7. Maps of sediment distribution derived from correlation of seismic-reflection profiles indicate that this trend cannot be attributed exclusively to autogenic processes (e.g., progradation of depocenters). The observed variability in sediment accumulation rates is thus largely controlled by allogenic factors, including: (1) increased discharge of Santa Clara River as a result of increased magnitude and frequency of El Ni??o-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) events from ca. 2 ka to present, (2) an apparent change in routing of coarse-grained sediment within the staging area at ca. 3 ka (i.e., from direct river input to indirect, littoral cell input into Hueneme submarine canyon), and (3

  13. ANALYSIS OF THE MALLARD DUCK POPULATION SIZE Anas platyrhynchos Linnaeus, 1758 (Aves: Anseriformes: Anatidae, Anathinae IN THE URBAN PART OF THE MILJACKA RIVER WATERCOURSE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Šefkija Muzaferović

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Species of the genus Anas Linnaeus, 1758 settle the entire area of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Seven species of this genus have so far been recorded, mostly on the natural lakes and artificial hydro-accumulations on the territory of Bosnia and Herzegovina. A few years ago, species from the Anas Linnaeus, 1758 genus began to settle intensively on the watercourses in the Sarajevo Valley. A significantly large number of birds from this genus were recorded on the river Miljacka, which represents the main watercourse of the Sarajevo Valley. Mallard ducks Anas platyrhynchos Linnaeus, 1758 were highest in recorded numbers. This species inhabits all three parts of the watercourse of the Miljacka River: higher, middle, and lower one. All three parts of the watercourse are specific in terms of water flow speed and anthropological influences. During the research, we collected data on the local population size of Anas platyrhynchos Linnaeus, 1758 on the Miljacka River workflow section from the locality "Babin Zub“ (Dariva to the confluence into the Bosnia River in the Sarajevsko Polje. Data collected by counting are the first and only available data from this region. In addition to counting, during the research we also collected data on a ratio between the sexes (sex ratio of local population of species Anas platyrhynchos Linnaeus, 1758. The presented data might be helpful in protecting the population of species Anas platyrhynchos Linnaeus, 1758, and its long-term survival on the Miljacka River, given the fact these birds (especially the males represent true ornament to the only river (polluted by organic waste in Sarajevo.Key words: wild duck, population, Miljacka River watercourse

  14. Tar Creek study, Sargent oil field, Santa Clara County, California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wagner, David L.; Fedasko, Bill; Carnahan, J.R.; Brunetti, Ross; Magoon, Leslie B.; Lillis, Paul G.; Lorenson, T.D.; Stanley, Richard G.

    2002-01-01

    Field work in the Tar Creek area of Sargent oil field was performed June 26 to 28, 2000. The Santa Clara County study area is located in Sections, 30, 31, and 32, Township 11 South, Range 4 East, M.D.B&M; and in Sections 25 and 36, Township 11 South, Range 3 East, M.D.B.&M., north and south of Tar Creek, west of Highway 101. The work was a cooperative effort of the California Department of Conservation's Division of Oil, Gas, and Geothermal Resources (DOGGR), California Geological Survey (CGS), and the United States Geological Survey (USGS). The purpose of the project was to map the stratigraphy and geologic structure (David Wagner, CGS); sample oil for age dating (Les Magoon, USGS); and search for undocumented wells plus conduct a GPS survey of the area (Bill Fedasko, J.P. Carnahan, and Ross Brunetti, DOGGR)

  15. Toxicity assessment of sediment cores from Santa Monica Bay, California.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Greenstein, Darrin; Bay, Steven; Jirik, Andrew; Brown, Jeffrey; Alexander, Clark

    2003-01-01

    During the summer of 1997, sediment core samples were taken at 25 stations in Santa Monica Bay. Toxicity testing was performed on 4-cm sections of the entire length of each core using purple sea urchin fertilization and amphipod survival tests. The sea urchin test identified sections as being toxic at six stations, all located near current or former Hyperion Treatment Plant (HTP) wastewater outfall locations. The amphipod test identified sections from 17 stations as having toxic sediments. The stations having toxic sediments were scattered throughout the bay and toxicity was identified at numerous core depths. Spatial and temporal patterns indicated that toxicity was most strongly associated with the historical disposal of municipal wastewater sludge. Many of the sections toxic to the amphipods did not have chemical levels expected to cause toxicity and were in locations where a source of toxicity was not apparent.

  16. SANTA MARÍA LA RIBERA AND INDUSTRIAL BUILDINGS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laureana Martínez Figueroa

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available In the late nineteenth and early twentieth century, Mexico City experienced changes, such as expansion of the urban area - with the construction of colonies like Santa María de la Ribera,and industrial development, besides need spaces, changed the social dynamics and urban landscape. This article analyzes these processes at the local level, to study the industrial building in the colony, between 1900 and 1930. Through the study of three representative cases, it is presented the characteristics of the factories that were established in this area in the period studied and the difficulties had to be included into a residential context.

  17. Estilo de vida. Adultos mayores de Santa Marta

    OpenAIRE

    Marín Monroy, Cristina

    2013-01-01

    Introducción: se describe el estilo de vida saludable de 394 adultos mayores no pensionados y pensionados de la ciudad de Santa Marta. Metodología: estudio descriptivo, transversal. Resultados: el 74% de los adultos mayores tienen una alimentación no balanceada, ya que el consumo diario de proteínas, frutas y verduras es bajo, y predomina el consumo de arroz y carbohidratos como pan, galletas, arepa y plátano. En cuanto a hábitos de sueño, sólo el 29% duerme 8 horas o más. Los resultados con ...

  18. Maximum rain intensity and discharge of the Santa Tecla flash flood (1874) in Conesa (Catalonia, NE Iberian Peninsula) from the step-backwater method and hydrological modelling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carles Balasch, Josep; Tuset, Jordi; Jurado, Kevin; Furdada, Glòria; Lluis Ruiz-Bellet, Josep

    2017-04-01

    Flash floods cause most of the deaths and economic loss due to natural risks in the western Mediterranean region. However, these phenomena have not been deeply studied so far. In this study, we provide new results for the analysis of one of the most devastating flash floods in Catalonia: 22-23 September 1874, known as Santa Tecla floods. More specifically, we studied this flood in the small town of Conesa, in the headwaters of the Corb River basin. We have calculated the flood's peak flow and the rainstorm's hyetograph using flood marks and hydraulic and hydrological models. The hydrological model was calibrated with the 2 September 2015 flood event. Santa Tecla flood in Conesa was caused by a rain of 188 mm in six hours, with a maximum intensity of 84 mm·h-1. The peak flow was 60 m3·s-1 that, in a 3.2 km2 basin is a specific peak flow of 18.7 m3·s-1·km-2. These numbers confirm the exceptional quality of the event, and place it among the most extreme known events in the Mediterranean region. It has an approximate return period of 500 years. A sensitivity analysis on the hydrologic modelling estimated a minimum error of 10-15%, which is acceptable in this kind of study.

  19. Vaccine Adverse Events

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Biologics Evaluation & Research Vaccine Adverse Events Vaccine Adverse Events Share Tweet Linkedin Pin it More sharing options ... the primary immunization series in infants Report Adverse Event Report a Vaccine Adverse Event Contact FDA (800) ...

  20. Gastrointestinal events with clopidogrel

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grove, Erik Lerkevang; Würtz, Morten; Schwarz, Peter

    2013-01-01

    Clopidogrel prevents cardiovascular events, but has been linked with adverse gastrointestinal (GI) complications, particularly bleeding events.......Clopidogrel prevents cardiovascular events, but has been linked with adverse gastrointestinal (GI) complications, particularly bleeding events....

  1. Akcīzes nodoklis un tā administrēšana Latvijas Republikā

    OpenAIRE

    Gertnere, Inga

    2014-01-01

    Akcīzes nodokļa ieņēmumi veido nozīmīgu valsts budžeta ieņēmumu daļu. Ar akcīzes nodokli apliekamās preces ir paaugstināta riska preces, kas ir īpaši pakļautas krāpnieciskiem darījumiem, kontrabandai. Diplomdarbā „Akcīzes nodoklis un tā administrēšana Latvijas Republikā” darba autores mērķis ir izpētīt akcīzes nodokļa lomu un administrēšanu Latvijas Republikā, izdarot secinājumus, izstrādāt priekšlikumus akcīzes nodokļa administrēšanas uzlabošanai. Diplomdarbs sastāv no 3 nodaļām. Dar...

  2. Five years of designing wireless sensor networks in the Doñana Biological Reserve (Spain): an applications approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larios, Diego F; Barbancho, Julio; Sevillano, José L; Rodríguez, Gustavo; Molina, Francisco J; Gasull, Virginia G; Mora-Merchan, Javier M; León, Carlos

    2013-09-10

    Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) are a technology that is becoming very popular for many applications, and environmental monitoring is one of its most important application areas. This technology solves the lack of flexibility of wired sensor installations and, at the same time, reduces the deployment costs. To demonstrate the advantages of WSN technology, for the last five years we have been deploying some prototypes in the Doñana Biological Reserve, which is an important protected area in Southern Spain. These prototypes not only evaluate the technology, but also solve some of the monitoring problems that have been raised by biologists working in Doñana. This paper presents a review of the work that has been developed during these five years. Here, we demonstrate the enormous potential of using machine learning in wireless sensor networks for environmental and animal monitoring because this approach increases the amount of useful information and reduces the effort that is required by biologists in an environmental monitoring task.

  3. Efectos del AG3 Ethrel y Ana en la expresión sexual de Luffa Cylindrica l

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Espejo Nohora

    1986-06-01

    Full Text Available In order to know the sex expression modification of Luffa cyllndrica L. cropped at San Antonio del Tequendama (Colombia the plants were treated with different dosis of GA 3 ' Ethrel and NAA. AII dosis of GA3 and Ethrel caused over two or three flowers of staminate inflorescence, the development of pistillate flower and latter were fertilized and they transformed to fruits. Whereas the NAA 10 ppm change the flowering pattern, namely of the pistillate flower which were inhibed and in their place an staminate inflorescence were developed. The sex expression modification took place at two, three or four nodes of the
    plants.Con el propósito de estudiar la modificación de la expresión sexual, plantas de estropajo (Luffa cyllndrica L. cultivadas en San Antonio del Tequendama (Colombia, se trataron con soluciones de diferentes concentraciones de AG 3, ETHREL Y ANA. Todos los tratamientos de AG3 y ETHREL indujeron sobre dos o tres flores de la inflorescencia masculina el desarrollo de flores pistiladas que fueron fertilizadas y transformadas en frutos, mientras que, con ANA 10 ppm se inhibió el desarrollo de la flor femenina y en su lugar se desarrolló una inflorescencia de flores masculinas.

  4. Satelīttelevīzijas signāla atšifrēšana

    OpenAIRE

    Mirošņičenko, Vladislavs

    2009-01-01

    Bakalaura darbs ir veltīts satelīta signāla televīzijas sfērā izpētīšanai. Tiek apskatītas televīzijas signāla, kurš iegūts caur satelīta sakariem, šifrēšanas metodes. Mūsdienu tehnoloģijas ir pārsātinātas ar daudzām metodēm signālu atšifrēšanā veidojot tādu servisu kā kardšārings.Darba mērķis ir izskatīt iespējamās atšifrēšanas legālās un nelegālās metodes praksē, pielietot tās, kā arī izskatīt to legalitātes jautājumu Latvijas Republikas teritorijā....

  5. Human parvovirus infection: rheumatic manifestations, angioedema, C1 esterase inhibitor deficiency, ANA positivity, and possible onset of systemic lupus erythematosus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fawaz-Estrup, F

    1996-07-01

    To investigate the clinical and serological characteristics of parvovirus infection. during 1993-4, 9 adult patients presented with polyarthralgias/polyarthritis. Clinical evaluation and serological studies of antinuclear antibodies, rheumatoid factor (RF), IgM and IgG antibodies to human parvovirus were done in all patients. Other serologies including anti-DNA, serum complement, and C1 esterase inhibitor levels were obtained in some patients. All 9 patients had polyarthralgias/polyarthritis, serological evidence of parvovirus B19 IgM and IgG antibodies, and normal sedimentation rate. All patients were seronegative for RF. Four women had positive ANA titers. In 2 of them the ANA positivity was transient. One developed systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Three women had angioedema of the face and tongue; one had transient C1 esterase inhibitor deficiency and another a transient decrease in C4 levels. Parvovirus may be implicated in the development of SLE as well as other chronic arthropathies. This is the first reported case of angioedema and decreased C1 esterase inhibitor levels associated with parvovirus infection.

  6. A tangled tale of two teal: Population history of the grey Anas gracilis and chestnut teal a. castanea of Australia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joseph, L.; Adcock, G.J.; Linde, C.; Omland, K.E.; Heinsohn, R.; Terry, Chesser R.; Roshier, D.

    2009-01-01

    Two Australian species of teal (Anseriformes: Anatidae: Anas), the grey teal Anas gracilis and the chestnut teal A. castanea, are remarkable for the zero or near-zero divergence recorded between them in earlier surveys of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) diversity. We confirmed this result through wider geographical and population sampling as well as nucleotide sampling in the more rapidly evolving mtDNA control region. Any data set where two species share polymorphism as is the case here can be explained by a model of gene flow through hybridization on one hand or by incomplete lineage sorting on the other hand. Ideally, analysis of such shared polymorphism would simultaneously estimate the likelihood of both phenomena. To do this, we used the underlying principle of the IMa package to explore ramifications to understanding population histories of A. gracilis and A. castanea. We cannot reject that hybridization occurs between the two species but an equally or more plausible finding for their nearly zero divergence is incomplete sorting following very recent divergence between the two, probably in the mid-late Pleistocene. Our data add to studies that explore intermediate stages in the evolution of reciprocal monophyly and paraphyletic or polyphyletic relationships in mtDNA diversity among widespread Australian birds. ?? 2009 J. Avian Biol.

  7. Personāla vadīšana uzņēmumā SIA „X”

    OpenAIRE

    Kličovs, Andrejs

    2007-01-01

    Dotā bakalaura tēma ir „Personāla vadīšana uzņēmumā SIA „X””. Uzņēmuma darbības veids ir izklaides centrs ar boulingu, bāru un biljardu. Darba mērķis ir izanalizēt uzņēmuma personāla vadību un izpetīt personāla vadības pamatprocesus. Bakalaura darbs sastav no trijām nodaļām Pirmā darba daļa sniedz darba teorētisko pamatojumu, dod skaidrojumu darbā pētītiem faktoriem, kā arī sniedz nelielu ieskatu personāla vadīšanas tendencēs Latvijā, Eiropā un pasaulē. Otrā daļa sastāv no uzņēmuma ...

  8. Sabiedriskās ēdināšanas pakalpojumu pieprasījumu analīze

    OpenAIRE

    Žuža, Evita

    2011-01-01

    Darba mērķis ir veikt sabiedriskās ēdināšanas pakalpojumu analīzi plānotajam uzņēmumam „Saldums”. Analīzē ir iekļauti posmi, kas ļauj izvērtēt un analizēt biznesa uzsākšanu. Ir noskaidrots, ka Jaunjelgavā nav pietiekams sabiedriskās ēdināšanas un konditorejas izstrādājumu piedāvājumu klāsts. Tamdēļ tiek veikta tirgus un attīstības iespēju analīze plānotajam uzņēmumam „Saldums”. Darba ietvaros tiek iegūti rezultāti par konkurentiem, kuri ir ne tikai Jaunjelgavas vietējie uzņēmumi, bet arī ...

  9. Banat-Crişana as Micro-destination – Elements of Tourism Image and Tourism Identity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marilena STOIAN

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Geographical regions, according to some authors, are defined and delimited by criteria that vary from one geographical school to another. These criteria may be: scenic, functional, political-administrative, mental etc. (processed after Cocean cited in Neguţ, 2011, p. 157. They also can be combined according to the objectives/strategies that are elaborated for each branch of the economy: industry, agriculture, tourism, etc. In this regard, from tourism point of view, the region of Banat-Crişana was taken into consideration, that includes the following counties: Caraş-Severin, Timiş, Arad and Bihor. Due to the many land and air border points, it represents the first contact with the tourists coming from the West, with other words “its visiting card… crucial in formulating the first impressions regarding Romania” (Cocean, 2010, p. 201. The presented research aims to highlight the role of the image of the region of Banat-Crişana in building its own brand, by identifying its main tourist attractions and forms of tourism.

  10. Five Years of Designing Wireless Sensor Networks in the Doñana Biological Reserve (Spain): An Applications Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larios, Diego F.; Barbancho, Julio; Sevillano, José L.; Rodríguez, Gustavo; Molina, Francisco J.; Gasull, Virginia G.; Mora-Merchan, Javier M.; León, Carlos

    2013-01-01

    Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) are a technology that is becoming very popular for many applications, and environmental monitoring is one of its most important application areas. This technology solves the lack of flexibility of wired sensor installations and, at the same time, reduces the deployment costs. To demonstrate the advantages of WSN technology, for the last five years we have been deploying some prototypes in the Doñana Biological Reserve, which is an important protected area in Southern Spain. These prototypes not only evaluate the technology, but also solve some of the monitoring problems that have been raised by biologists working in Doñana. This paper presents a review of the work that has been developed during these five years. Here, we demonstrate the enormous potential of using machine learning in wireless sensor networks for environmental and animal monitoring because this approach increases the amount of useful information and reduces the effort that is required by biologists in an environmental monitoring task. PMID:24025554

  11. Creating Special Events

    Science.gov (United States)

    deLisle, Lee

    2009-01-01

    "Creating Special Events" is organized as a systematic approach to festivals and events for students who seek a career in event management. This book looks at the evolution and history of festivals and events and proceeds to the nuts and bolts of event management. The book presents event management as the means of planning, organizing, directing,…

  12. Variabilidade em matrizes de acessos de espinheira-santa Variability in matrices of espinheira-santa accessions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Márcio Paim Mariot

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Maytenus ilicifolia e M. aquifolium são espécies nativas do Brasil, popularmente conhecidas como espinheira-santa, sendo indicadas para gastrite e para úlcera estomacal. A Embrapa Clima Temperado e a Universidade Federal de Pelotas (UFPel mantêm um banco de germoplasma destas espécies. Com o objetivo de identificar a variabilidade fenotípica para alguns caracteres morfológicos em matrizes de espinheira-santa, estimar a dissimilaridade e agrupar os acessos através de análises multivariadas, 105 acessos foram caracterizados morfologicamente. Foram avaliados os caracteres comprimento e largura de fruto, número de sementes por fruto, comprimento e largura de folha, relação comprimento/largura de folha e número de espinhos por folha. Foi estimada a distância euclidiana e os acessos foram agrupados pelo método de otimização de Tocher. Foi observada uma ampla variabilidade para todos os caracteres analisados. O número de espinhos por folha foi o caráter que mais contribuiu para a divergência. Os caracteres morfológicos permitiram separar os acessos em sete grupos. A maior dissimilaridade foi entre os acessos 57 (M. ilicifolia e 91 (M. aquifolium. Não foi evidenciada uma separação de acordo com a localização geográfica dos acessos. Na análise de agrupamento foram identificados dois grupos que apresentavam tanto acessos de M. ilicifolia quanto de M. aquifolium, o que indica proximidade filogenética entre estas espécies.Maytenus ilicifolia and M. aquifolium are native Brazilian species popularly known as espinheira-santa, being indicated for gastritis and stomach ulcer. Embrapa Clima Temperado and Universidade Federal de Pelotas (UFPel keep a gene bank of these species. With the objective of identifing phenotypic variability for some morphological characters in matrices of espinheira-santa, estimating dissimilarity and clustering accessions through multivariate analysis, 105 accessions had been morphologically characterized

  13. CRED REA Fish Team Belt Transect Survey at Santa Rosa Bank, Marianas Archipelago, 2005

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Belt transects along 3 consecutively-placed, 25m transect lines were surveyed as part of Rapid Ecological Assessments conducted at 2 sites at Santa Rosa Bank in the...

  14. CRED REA Algal Assessments at Santa Rosa Reef, Marianas Archipelago in 2005

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — As part of Rapid Ecological Assessments (REA), Twelve quadrats were sampled along 2 consecutively-placed, 25m transect lines, conducted at 2 sites at Santa Rosa Reef...

  15. PLANTAS MEDICINALES USADAS POR LOS COGUI EN EL RIO PALOMINO, SIERRA NEVADA DE SANTA MARTA (COLOMBIA)

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Eduino Carbonó-Delahoz; Juan Carlos Dib-Diazgranados

    2013-01-01

      To document indigenous knowledge on medicinal plants among the Cogui or Kggaba in the Palomino river basin, Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, Colombia, the use of the ora was assessed via application...

  16. Data for Southern Sea Otter Range Expansion and Habitat Use in the Santa Barbara Channel

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — These data are .csv files of capture data from tagged sea otters in the Santa Barbara Channel Study. Sea otters were captured using highly specialized techniques...

  17. Contaminants as a limiting factor of fish and wildlife populations in the Santa Cruz River, Arizona

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — Declining populations of the endangered Gila topminnow in the Santa Cruz River prompted a 1997 study to assess contaminant levels in water, sediment, invertebrates,...

  18. C-CAP Santa Cruz 2001 era High Resolution Land Cover Metadata

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This dataset represents land cover for the San Lorenzo River basin in Santa Cruz County, California derived from high resolution imagery. The land cover features in...

  19. Repercusión de la demencia en los cuidadores primordiales del policlínico "Ana Betancourt" Repercussion of dementia in the fundamental carers of "Ana Betancourt" Polyclinic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Víctor T. Pérez Martínez

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: la demencia senil es reconocida actualmente como una entidad mayor en el orden socioeconómico, geriátrico, psiquiátrico y epidemiológico. Su atención representa un elevado costo emocional y económico para el paciente, la familia y el cuidador primordial. Objetivos: describir la repercusión psicosocial del síndrome demencial en los cuidadores primordiales del policlínico "Ana Betancourt". Métodos: se realizó un estudio descriptivo de corte transversal, durante el primer cuatrimestre del año 2009, en el policlínico "Ana Betancourt" del municipio Playa. Incluyó a 36 cuidadores de igual número de pacientes diagnosticados con demencia y enfermedad de Alzheimer, escogidos mediante muestreo por criterios. Resultados: los cuidadores primordiales eran en su mayoría féminas, hijas del paciente, en la quinta década de la vida, amas de casa, divorciadas y con un nivel de escolaridad de preuniversitario. El principal motivo de consulta de los cuidadores fue solicitar ayuda profesional para controlar los síntomas no cognitivos de la enfermedad. El cuidador dedica alrededor de 13 h diarias al cuidado del paciente que sufre de demencia, la mayor parte en la supervisión y vigilancia. Se encontró marcada afectación psicológica en el 64 % de los cuidadores. El nivel de sobrecarga o estrés en la población de cuidadores estudiada resultó elevado. Conclusiones: el cuidado del paciente que sufre de demencia se asocia a una sobrecarga y estrés relevantes que se expresa en la elevada morbilidad psicológica constatada en los cuidadores primordiales. Se recomienda diseñar un plan de intervención educativa dirigido a estos cuidadores para reducir la sobrecarga o estrés crónico que sufren.Introduction: senile dementia is nowadays recognized as a major entity in socioeconomic, geriatric, psychiatric and epidemiologic order. Its care represents a high emotional and economic cost for patient, family and fundamental carer

  20. Recommendations for Improving the Food Service Operations at MCB Camp Pendleton, CA MCAS El Toro and MCAS(H) Santa Ana, CA, MCB Camp Lejeune, NC, and MCDEC, Quantico, VA

    Science.gov (United States)

    1979-12-01

    Green Beans Nicoise Egg Plant Parmesan or Zucchini Parmesan Club Spinach Dinner: Cheese Ravioli (frozen) rotate or Beef Ravioli (frozen) Cheese...Manicotti (frozen) rotate or Beef Manicotti (frozen) Meat Sauce (for ravioli and manicotti) Spaghetti w/Meatballs Assorted Pizzas Baked Lasagna Veal Parmesan

  1. Implementation of a Markov Chain Monte Carlo method to inorganic aerosol modeling of observations from the MCMA-2003 campaign – Part II: Model application to the CENICA, Pedregal and Santa Ana sites

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F. M. San Martini

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available A Markov Chain Monte Carlo model for integrating the observations of inorganic species with a thermodynamic equilibrium model was presented in Part I of this series. Using observations taken at three ground sites, i.e. a residential, industrial and rural site, during the MCMA-2003 campaign in Mexico City, the model is used to analyze the inorganic particle and ammonia data and to predict gas phase concentrations of nitric and hydrochloric acid. In general, the model is able to accurately predict the observed inorganic particle concentrations at all three sites. The agreement between the predicted and observed gas phase ammonia concentration is excellent. The NOz concentration calculated from the NOy, NO and NO2 observations is of limited use in constraining the gas phase nitric acid concentration given the large uncertainties in this measure of nitric acid and additional reactive nitrogen species. Focusing on the acidic period of 9–11 April identified by Salcedo et al. (2006, the model accurately predicts the particle phase observations during this period with the exception of the nitrate predictions after 10:00 a.m. (Central Daylight Time, CDT on 9 April, where the model underpredicts the observations by, on average, 20%. This period had a low planetary boundary layer, very high particle concentrations, and higher than expected nitrogen dioxide concentrations. For periods when the particle chloride observations are consistently above the detection limit, the model is able to both accurately predict the particle chloride mass concentrations and provide well-constrained HCl (g concentrations. The availability of gas-phase ammonia observations helps constrain the predicted HCl (g concentrations. When the particles are aqueous, the most likely concentrations of HCl (g are in the sub-ppbv range. The most likely predicted concentration of HCl (g was found to reach concentrations of order 10 ppbv if the particles are dry. Finally, the atmospheric relevance of HCl (g is discussed in terms of its indicator properties for the possible influence of chlorine-mediated photochemistry in Mexico City.

  2. Children, Youth, and Families in the Southwest. Hearing before the Select Committee on Children, Youth, and Families, House of Representatives, Ninety-Eighth Congress, First Session (Santa Ana, California, December 7, 1983).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Select Committee on Children, Youth, and Families.

    The last in a series of five regional information-gathering hearings, this hearing report presents testimony from concerned citizens and private and public social organizations in California, New Mexico, and Arizona. Information and statistics are given on the following social problems: (1) child sexual abuse and child pornography; (2) infant…

  3. La Calle y Mañana: Las trayectorias divergentes de dos revistas políticas ecuatorianas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hernán Ibarra

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available English abstract: La Calle and Mañana: The divergent trajectories of two Ecuadorian political magazinesThe defunct magazines La Calle y Mañana played a major role in defining the political space from the mid-fifties to the early seventies of the twentieth century in Ecuador. The position taken and their integration into the political arena was such that these magazines had a clear identification within the limits of what wa considered left and right; and furthermore they had an impact on defining these political orientations. This article discusses the political contexts in which these publications came and went, their orientations and conflicts. Attention is given to the role played by Alejandro Carrión and Pedro Jorge Vera, intellectuals who promoted these magazines. The trajectories of the two publicaions demonstrate the conditions that they imposed on the cycles of Ecuadorian politics.Resumen:Las desaparecidas revistas La Calle y Mañana cumplieron un papel destacado en la definición del espacio político entre mediados de la década del cincuenta y comienzos de la década del setenta del siglo XX en el Ecuador. La toma de posición y su inserción en el espacio político, hacía que estas revistas tuvieran una clara identificación en los límites de lo que era considerado izquierda y derecha; y, además incidieron en definir esas orientaciones políticas. En este artículo se analizan los contextos políticos en los que estas publicaciones surgieron y desaparecieron, sus orientaciones y conflictos. Se presta atención a la función desempeñada por Ale-jandro Carrión y Pedro Jorge Vera, los intelectuales que animaron estas revistas. Las trayectorias de las dos publicaciones evidencian los condicionamientos que impusieron los ciclos de la política ecuatoriana.

  4. O léxico inovador das Cantigas de Santa Maria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Osvaldo Humberto Leonardi Ceschin

    2003-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims at demonstrating the innovative aspect of the Cantigas de Santa Maria's vocabulary. Besides a bigger number of vocabulary items than other medieval Portuguese song-books, the CSM presents many cult and "semi-cult" words, which increase the semantic areas covered by the lexicon of Galician-Portuguese of the 13th Century. Therefore, the Cantigas de Santa Maria make a vast linguistic and cultural contribution to the medieval Portuguese.

  5. La salud en Santa Marta- Colombia: una percepción de sus habitantes

    OpenAIRE

    Jiménez Barbosa, Wilson Giovanni; Odontólogo, Universidad Nacional. Doctor en Ciencias Sociales, Niñez y Juventud, Universidad de Manizales – CINDE, Profesor Titular, Universidad Jorge Tadeo Lozano, Sede Bogotá. Correo: . co; Carrera 4 N° 22-61, Bogotá. Celular: 3158942690; Ramos Navas, Néstor Raúl; Administrador de empresas, Universidad Nacional. Magister en Administración. Docente investigador, Universidad Jorge Tadeo Lozano, Sede Santa Marta. Correo: ; Cra. 2ª N° 11-68. El Rodadero Santa Marta. Celular: 3104782887,

    2015-01-01

    Objective: to analyze and to understand the perception that there have the inhabitants of the city of Santa Marta about health. Materials and methods: the developed methodology was of type qualitative, analytical and descriptive, for which there developed five (5) focal groups and semistructured interviews with inhabitants of different communes of the city. Results: there is demonstrated the dissent that the participants have with regard to the health in Santa Marta. The dissents were classif...

  6. HRGC-MS analysis of terpenoids from Maytenus ilicifolia and Maytenus aquifolium ("espinheira santa"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cordeiro Paulo J. M.

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available This work describes the identification of some of the minor chemical constituents of "espinheira santa" (Maytenus ilicifolia and Maytenus aquifolium, Celastraceae, a medicinal plant widely utilized in Brazil. By using high resolution gas chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry (HRGC-MS, it was possible to identify mainly triterpenoids and steroids in "espinheira santa", most of them reported for the first time in both Maytenus species.

  7. PENERAPAN PULSED ELECTRIC FIELD PADA PASTEURISASI SARI BUAH APEL VARIETAS ANA: KAJIAN KARAKTERISTIK NILAI GIZI, SIFAT FISIK, SIFAT KIMIAWI DAN MIKROBIA TOTAL Application of Pulsed Electric Field in Pasteurization of Apple Juice of Ana Cultivar : Study on

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    La Choviya Hawa

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Apple juice, extracted from apple of ana cultivar , was pasteurized using a pulsed electric field (PEF method. The aimof this research was to analyze the changes on nutritional, physical and chemical properties and total microbes from apple juice after pasteurization. The research was conducted from July until Oktober 2009 located in Malang. The PEF treatment was carried out using treatment time variation for 10, 20, 30, 40, 50 and 60 seconds. Several parameters of vitamin A and C, water content, density, pH, total soluable solid and total microbes were observed. The results showed that PEF treatment did not significantly change nutritional, physical and chemical properties and total microbes after pasteurization with PEF in compared with no treatment pasteurization. The highest degradation was found in treatment time for 60 seconds, i.e. 93.53 %. ABSTRAK Sari buah apel, yang diekstrak dari apel varietas ana, dipasteurisasi dengan metode pulsed electric field (PEF. Tujuanpenelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui perubahan karakteristik nilai gizi, sifat fisik, kimiawi dan total mikrobia sari buah apel sesudah dipasteurisasi. Penelitian dilaksanakan bulan Juli sampai dengan Oktober 2009 di Malang. Penelitian ini menggunakan variasi waktu pengolahan 10, 20, 30, 40, 50 dan 60 detik. Parameter pengamatan yaitu vitamin A dan C, kadar air, berat jenis, pH, total padatan terlarut dan total mikrobia. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa nilai gizi, sifat fisik dan kimiawi dari sari apel  tidak mengalami perubahan signifikan dibandingkan sari apel tanpa perlakuan PEF. Penurunan total mikrobia terbesar pada waktu perlakuan 60 detik dengan efektivitas pembunuhan sebesar 93,53%.

  8. Eripedagoogid ootavad poliitilisi otsuseid / Plado, Kaja; Karlep, Karl; Ostrat, Ain; Maila, Meelika; Binsol, Hene; Kontor, Ana; küsitlenud Martin Krõlov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Eripedagoogide vestlusringis osalevad: Tartu Ülikooli eripedagoogika osakonna juhataja Kaja Plado, emeriitdotsent pedagoogikadoktor Karl Karlep, Tartu Kroonuaia Kooli direktor Ain Ostrat ja õppealajuhataja Meelike Maila, Tartu Hiie Kooli õppealajuhataja Hene Binsol ning Tartu Nõustamis- ja õpiabi keskuse juhataja Ana Kontor

  9. Videospēļu spēlēšanas ilguma saistība ar akadēmiskajiem sasniegumiem.

    OpenAIRE

    Karņickis, Edgars

    2013-01-01

    Bakalaura darba ”Videospēļu spēlēšanas ilguma saistība ar akadēmiskajiem sasniegumiem un agresiju” mērķis ir noskaidrot videospēļu spēlēšanas paradumu korelāciju ar skolēnu mācību sasniegumiem. Galvenie darbā izvirzītie pētījuma jautājumi: Vai ir novērojama statistiski nozīmīga saistība starp video spēļu spēlēšanas biežumu un agresijas izpausmēm? Vai ir novērojama statistiski nozīmīga saistība starp video spēļu spēlēšanas ilgumu un akadēmiskiem sasniegumiem (vidējo atzīmi dažādos māc...

  10. Personāla vadīšana kā uzņēmuma „Evolution Latvia” konkurētspējas faktors.

    OpenAIRE

    Kabrina, Elīna

    2013-01-01

    Elīna Kabrina. Bakalaura darbs ,, Personāla vadīšana kā uzņēmuma „Evolution Latvia” konkurētspējas faktors”. Bakalaura darba mērķis ir, pamatojoties uz teorijas atziņām par personāla vadīšanu un uzņēmuma „Evolution Latvia” personāla aptauju, izanalizēt uzņēmuma „Evolution Latvia” personāla vadīšanas funkcijas, kā arī izstrādāt priekšlikumus uzņēmuma personāla vadīšanas sistēmas pilnveidošanai. Darbs sastāv no trim nodaļām. Darba pirmajā nodaļā ir izskatīti personāla vadīšanas teorētis...

  11. Wingbeat frequency and the body drag anomaly: Wind-tunnel observations on a thrush nightingale (Luscinia luscinia) and a teal (Anas crecca)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pennycuick, C.J.; Klaassen, M.R.J.; Kvist, A.; Lindstrom, A.

    1996-01-01

    A teal (Anas crecca) and a thrush nightingale (Luscinia luscinia) were trained to fly in the Lund wind tunnel for periods of up to 3 and 16 h respectively. Both birds flew in steady flapping flight, with such regularity that their wingbeat frequencies could be determined by viewing them through a

  12. Genome Sequence of a Novel H14N7 Subtype Influenza A Virus Isolated from a Blue-Winged Teal (Anas discors) Harvested in Texas, USA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramey, Andrew M; Reeves, Andrew B; Poulson, Rebecca L; Carter, Deborah L; Davis-Fields, Nicholas; Stallknecht, David E

    2016-06-09

    We report here the complete genome sequence of a novel H14N7 subtype influenza A virus (IAV) isolated from a blue-winged teal (Anas discors) harvested in Texas, USA. The genomic characteristics of this IAV strain with a previously undetected subtype combination suggest recent viral evolution within the New World wild-bird IAV reservoir. Copyright © 2016 Ramey et al.

  13. Disease dynamics and bird migration-linking mallards Anas platyrhynchos and subtype diversity of the influenza a virus in time and space

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    G. Gunnarsson (Gunnar); N. Latorre-Margalef (Neus); K.A. Hobson (Keith); S.L. van Wilgenburg (Steven); J. Elmberg (Johan); B. Olsen (Björn); R.A.M. Fouchier (Ron); J. Waldenström (Jonas)

    2012-01-01

    textabstractThe mallard Anas platyrhynchos is a reservoir species for influenza A virus in the northern hemisphere, with particularly high prevalence rates prior to as well as during its prolonged autumn migration. It has been proposed that the virus is brought from the breeding grounds and

  14. Selindžera daiļdarbu tulkošanas leksiskās problēmas: vārdkopas un slengs

    OpenAIRE

    Zviedre-Pitkeviča, Lāsma

    2008-01-01

    Šajā darbā tiek aplūkotas vārdkopas, slengs un to tulkojums daiļliteratūrā. Teorētiskajā daļā tiek aplūkots tulkošanas process, tulkošanas metodes, tulkošanas problēmas, vārdkopas un slengs. Pētījums pierāda, ka tulkotājs ir atbildīgs par mērķa teksta saturu. Teorija tiek pielietota praksē analizējot vārdkopas, slengu un to tulkojumu daiļliteratūrā. Izdarītie secinājumi ir balstīti uz tulkošanas metožu, kas ir izmantotas tulkojot vārdkopas un slengu Selindžera daiļdarbos, analīzes. Rezultāti ...

  15. Vārdu ievietošanas testu teorētiskais pamatojums valodas snieguma novērtēšanā

    OpenAIRE

    Kunda, Tatjana

    2008-01-01

    Maģistra darbā iztirzāts vārdu ievietošanas testu pielietojums valodas snieguma novērtēšanā. Pētījuma merķis ir izanalizēt iespējas izmantot vārdu ievietošanas testus valodas snieguma novērtēšanā un noteikt to teorētisko pamatojumu. Tēmas aktualitāti nosaka pašreizējās tendences svešvalodu apmācībā un vērtēšanā, kuru uzmanības centrā ir komunikatīvā valodas vērtēšana. Maģistra darbā aprakstīti vārdu ievietošanas testu pielietojuma teorētiskie ietvari, kā arī izpētīti to teorētiska pamatoju...

  16. Kritiskās domāšanas stratēģijas latviešu valodas pamatprasmju attīstīšanai.

    OpenAIRE

    Stepanova, Ināra

    2006-01-01

    Pētījuma „Kritiskās domāšanas stratēģijas latviešu valodas pamatprasmju attīstīšanai 1.- 4. klasē” mērķis ir pētīt un analizēt kritiskās domāšanas stratēģiju ietekmi uz 1.- 4. klašu skolēnu latviešu valodas pamatprasmju attīstīšanu. Diplomdarbā autore analizē teorētisko literatūru par kritisko domāšanu pedagoģiskajā procesā, pēta un analizē jaunākā skolas vecuma bērnu valodas pamatprasmju attīstīšanas pedagoģiski psiholoģiskos līdzekļus, veic pedagoģisko eksperimentu par kritiskās domāšanas s...

  17. Konkurētspējas paaugstināšanas iespējas uzņēmumā SIA "Food Leaders"

    OpenAIRE

    Masterova, Olga

    2012-01-01

    Bakalaura darbs "Konkurētspējas paaugstināšanas iespējas uzņēmumā SIA "Food Leaders". Darba mērķis ir izpētīt uzņēmuma konkurētspēju un izstrādāt priekšlikumus tās attīstīšanai. Darbs sastāv no 3 daļām. Pirmā daļa ir veltīta konkurences un konkurētspējas teorētiskiem aspektiem: konkurences un konkurētspējas definīcijas, konkurētspējīgās priekšrocības radīšanas un attīstīšanas priekšnosacījumi un vērtēšanas metodes. Darba otrajā ir dots detalizēts uzņēmuma apraksts, pētīta nozares ...

  18. Risku vadības principu piemērošana valsts pārvaldē: Latvijas gadījuma izpēte

    OpenAIRE

    Vēvere, Marta

    2016-01-01

    Maģistra darbā „Risku vadības principu piemērošana valsts pārvaldē: Latvijas gadījuma izpēte” tika izvērtēta risku vadības izmantošana politikas plānošanas dokumentos un normatīvajos aktos, veikts riska inteliģences tests valsts pārvaldē strādājošajiem, kā arī notika intervija ar valsts pārvaldes ekspertu. Darbam tika izvirzīti izpētes jautājumi: “Kādos gadījumos risku vadība kā rīcībpolitikas uzlabošanas instruments tiek izmantots Latvijas valsts pārvaldē?” un „Kāds ir valsts pārvaldes iestā...

  19. MediANA - interaktiivne tööriist kommunikatsioonijuhtidele / Akvilė Katilienė ; intervjueerinud Kaidi Balder, Vahur Orrin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Katilienė, Akvilė

    2013-01-01

    BNS-i grupi peaanalüütik Balti riikides Akvilė Katilienė selgitab intervjuus, kuidas aitab ETA Monitooringu interaktiivne kommunikatsioonijuhtimise ja analüüsi keskkond mediANA tõhustada kommunikatsioonijuhi tööd

  20. Vārdu krājuma apguve ar ekstensīvās lasīšanas palīdzību

    OpenAIRE

    Kezika, Jeļena

    2012-01-01

    Šī darba mērķis ir izpētīt un analizēt ekstensīvās lasīšanas ietekmes līmeni uz studentu vārdu krājumu, kā arī noteikt stratēģijas, kas var uzlabot lasīšanas izpratni untādējādi paplašināt studentu vārdu krājumu. Šī pētījuma teorētiskā daļa veltīta ekstensīvās un intensīvās lasīšanas teoriju, stratēģiju, vārdu krājuma jēdzienu un skolotāja lomas analīzei; aplūkotas arī problēmas, ar kurām studenti un skolotāji sastopas lasīšanas procesā. Empīriskajā daļā apkopoti nepieciešamie dati un izklāst...

  1. Comprehensive planning for the development of geothermal energy in Las Cruces and Dona Ana County, New Mexico. Final report, January 1-December 3, 1980

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Starkey, A.H.; Gebhard, T.G.

    1981-03-01

    The key commercialization projects components are described: creation of a charter, a policy committee, use of technical expertise, the staff role and the formed adoption of policy recommendations, and their interrelationships. A technical state-of-the-art report for geothermal resources in Dona Ana County is presented including a geothermal evaluation and an environmental impact assessment. (MHR)

  2. Reprodução das aves marinhas nas ilhas costeiras de Santa Catarina, Brasil Reproduction of the seabirds in Santa Catarina's coastal islands, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joaquim Olinto Branco

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available Studies involving the reproduction of seabirds in the Santa Catarina coast are scarce. From 1996 to 2002 a sampling program was implanted with the objectives of identifying the ranches, the species and to study some aspects of their reproductive cycle. Five species: Sula leucogaster Boddaert, 1783; Fregata magnificens Matheus, 1914; Larus dominicanus Lichtenstein, 1823; Sterna hirundinacea Lesson, 1831; S. eurygnatha Sauders, 1876, breed in the islands of Santa Catarina, with the largest intensity in the period of May to December. The size of the colonies varied in function of the species and of the reproduction area.

  3. Observações sobre anofelinos em Santa Catarina, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mário B. Aragão

    1973-10-01

    Full Text Available Um ciclo anual de capturas de mosquitos realizado em três localidades da Região do Litoral e Encosta de Santa Catarina, com um homemisca colocado na mata, outro na casa mais próxima e um terceiro situado entre esses dois pontos, forneceu as seguintes informações: 1 O Anopheles bellator que é um mosquito raro nas matas densas das encostas, torna-se abundante quando essas florestas são danificadas pela retirada de árvores; 2 Tanto essa espécie quanto o A. cruzii e o A. homunculus, compareceram em maior número nas capturas feitas no terreno descampado; 3 A não ser no fato do A. homunculus procurar alimento nas horas um pouco mais avançadas da noite, não se notou diferença significativa entre o comportamento dessas três espécies de anofelinos; 4 A comparação dos dados obtidos, com os de outros autores, mostrou que uma pessoa colocada fora da casa intercepta um número significativo de mosquitos; 5 Ficou bem claro que os anofelinos da região raramente pousam em paredes dedetizadas; 6 Além disso, o DDT diminui muito a proporção de exemplares que vai se alimentar dentro das casas; para o A. cruzii essa diminuição foi da ordem de 90%.An annual cycle of collections of mosquitoes carried out in three locations of the Coastal Region and Slopes of Santa Catarina, with one collector (trap man in the woods, another in the nearest house and a third placed between these two points, provided the following Information: 1 Anophieles bellator which is a rare mosquito in the thick woods on the slopes, becomes abundant when these forests are damaged by the removal of trees; 2 As many of this species as of A. cruzii and A. homunculus appeared in greater numbers in the collections made in the open country; 3 Except for the fact that A. homunculus looks for food in the later hours of the night no significant difference was noted in the behaviour of these three species of Anophelines; 4 A comparison of the data obtained with that of other authors

  4. Coastal rocky reef fishes of Santa Catarina's northern islands, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Johnatas Adelir Alves

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available The coast of the state of Santa Catarina only has non-biogenic reefs, i.e. rocky and artificial reefs, and is considered the geographic south limit for many reef fish species. At present the diversity of organisms associated with reef environments is threatened. This study aimed to record the number of families and species of reef fish fauna of the north coast of the state of Santa Catarina. The data were collected through underwater visual census performed on Graças archipelago (26°12'S /48º29'W, Tamboretes archipelago (26°22'S/48°31'W and Barra do Sul islands (26°27'S/48º35'W. A total of 166 species was observed (6 elasmobranchii and 160 actinopterygii belonging to 66 families. The families with more species richness were Carangidae (16, Epinephelidae (9, Blenidae (8, Serranidae (7, Haemulidae (6, Sparidae (6 Tetraodontidae (6, Labridae-Scarini (5, Labrisomidae (5 Pomacentridae (5, Lutjanidae (5 and Muraenidae (5. This study add to the current published list, new 115 species, including new occurrences (e.g. Chromis limbata, and some endemic (e.g. Sparisoma amplum, exotic (e.g. Omobranchus punctatus, endangered (e.g. Hippocampus erectus and overexploited (e.g. Lutjanus analis species. Twenty one species are present in the IUCN’s list, twelve in the IBAMA’s list and four in the local list. All elasmobranchii recorded here are considered threatened species, like the brazilian guitarfish (Rhinobatos horkelii, which appears in three red lists, and it is considered critically endangered. All species of Epinephelidae are mentioned in the list of risk categories of the IUCN and five are cited as overexploited or threatened with overexploitation by IBAMA. Among Epinephelidae, the goliath grouper (Epinephelus itajara, is present in all red lists and has specific protection rules in Brazil. The gathered information will allow to take appropriate conservation measures, such as the establishment of marine protected areas, monitoring of fishing

  5. The Solomon Islands Tsunami of 6 February 2013 in the Santa Cruz Islands: Field Survey and Modeling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fritz, Hermann M.; Papantoniou, Antonios; Biukoto, Litea; Albert, Gilly; Wei, Yong

    2014-05-01

    On February 6, 2013 at 01:12:27 UTC (local time: UTC+11), a magnitude Mw 8.0 earthquake occurred 70 km to the west of Ndendo Island (Santa Cruz Island) in the Solomon Islands. The under-thrusting earthquake near a 90° bend, where the Australian plate subducts beneath the Pacific plate generated a locally focused tsunami in the Coral Sea and the South Pacific Ocean. The tsunami claimed the lives of 10 people and injured 15, destroyed 588 houses and partially damaged 478 houses, affecting 4,509 people in 1,066 households corresponding to an estimated 37% of the population of Santa Cruz Island. A multi-disciplinary international tsunami survey team (ITST) was deployed within days of the event to document flow depths, runup heights, inundation distances, sediment and coral boulder depositions, land level changes, damage patterns at various scales, performance of the man-made infrastructure and impact on the natural environment. The 19 to 23 February 2013 ITST covered 30 locations on 4 Islands: Ndendo (Santa Cruz), Tomotu Noi (Lord Howe), Nea Tomotu (Trevanion, Malo) and Tinakula. The reconnaissance completely circling Ndendo and Tinakula logged 240 km by small boat and additionally covered 20 km of Ndendo's hard hit western coastline by vehicle. The collected survey data includes more than 80 tsunami runup and flow depth measurements. The tsunami impact peaked at Manoputi on Ndendo's densely populated west coast with maximum tsunami height exceeding 11 m and local flow depths above ground exceeding 7 m. A fast tide-like positive amplitude of 1 m was recorded at Lata wharf inside Graciosa Bay on Ndendo Island and misleadingly reported in the media as representative tsunami height. The stark contrast between the field observations on exposed coastlines and the Lata tide gauge recording highlights the importance of rapid tsunami reconnaissance surveys. Inundation distance and damage more than 500 m inland were recorded at Lata airport on Ndendo Island. Landslides were

  6. Antibodies to H5 subtype avian influenza virus and Japanese encephalitis virus in northern pintails (Anas acuta) sampled in Japan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramey, Andy M.; Spackman, Erica; Yeh, Jung-Yong; Fujita, Go; Konishi, Kan; Reed, John A.; Wilcox, Benjamin R.; Brown, Justin D.; Stallknecht, David E.

    2013-01-01

    Blood samples from 105 northern pintails (Anas acuta) captured on Hokkaido, Japan were tested for antibodies to avian influenza virus (AIV), Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV), and West Nile virus (WNV) to assess possible involvement of this species in the spread of economically important and potentially zoonotic pathogens. Antibodies to AIV were detected in 64 of 105 samples (61%). Of the 64 positives, 95% and 81% inhibited agglutination of two different H5 AIV antigens (H5N1 and H5N9), respectively. Antibodies to JEV and WNV were detected in five (5%) and none of the samples, respectively. Results provide evidence for prior exposure of migrating northern pintails to H5 AIV which couldhave implications for viral shedding and disease occurrence. Results also provide evidence for limited involvement of this species in the transmission and spread of flaviviruses during spring migration.

  7. Bilateral testicular germ cell-sex cord-stromal tumor in a pekin duck (Anas platyrhynchos domesticus).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leach, Stacey; Heatley, J Jill; Pool, Roy Ransom; Spaulding, Kathy

    2008-12-01

    An intact male white pekin duck (Anas platyrhynchos domesticus) was presented for examination because of respiratory distress and 2- to 3-month history of lameness and lethargy. Results of radiography, ultrasonography, and cytologic examination revealed a large neoplastic mass in the coelom. The duck was euthanatized, and results of necropsy revealed 2 large, lobulated masses in the coelom and a small nodule on the liver. Histopathologic examination of the large masses revealed a collision pattern testicular tumor consisting of Sertoli, seminoma, and interstitial cell components. The hepatic nodule was a metastatic lesion consistent with a Sertoli cell testicular tumor. This is the first reported case of a mixed germ cell-sex cord-stromal tumor in a duck.

  8. Os Filmes (Descritos de Ana Teresa Pereira: Nightmare, de Alfred Hitchcock, e The Double, de David Cronenberg

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amândio Pereira Reis

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Starting with a comparative reading of an ekphrastic text by Callistratus (3rd century AD and taking support from various studies on ekphrasis as a literary practice, from antiquity to present times until its acceptance as an intermedial literary genre, it is our goal to analyze two short stories by Ana Teresa Pereira which invent non-existent films by Hitchcock and Cronenberg. Therefore, we will have to confront a range of problems associated with ekphrastic description – the dialectic between reality and fiction; truth and falsity; imagination and reading – and with the (impossibilities of representation through image and/or words, including a set of questions posed by the specific transmedial relation that A. T. Pereira’s texts establish between Literature and Cinema. We will also take into account the concept of Pavle Levi’s “written film” as one possibility, among others, of genre identification for these narratives.

  9. Psychiatric nursing teaching at the Ana Nery School in the first half of the 20th century

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    Monique da Silva Carvalho

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to describe the teaching of psychiatric nursing at Ana Néri Nursing School (EAN, between 1925 and 1954. Methodology: Socio-historical research whose sources were written documents and the oral statement of an ex-professor. The documentary analysis technique was used for data treatment. Results: For 27 years, the EAN did not introduce students into the psychiatric field due to the mental illness stigma, offering only theoretical disciplines, which were taught by physicians. Later there were theoretical disciplines with practical training in the classroom, and then theoretical disciplines with practice in psychiatric hospitals, taught by nurses. In conclusion, the law 775/49 lead the EAN to qualify a professor and initiate the reformulation of the nursing care provided at the Institute of Psychiatry of the University of Brazil, so as to adjust it to serve as a practical field and a model for teaching psychiatric nursing in Brazil.

  10. Helminth Community Dynamics in Populations of Blue-Winged Teal (Anas discors) Using Two Distinct Migratory Corridors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garvon, Jason M; Fedynich, Alan M; Peterson, Markus J; Pence, Danny B

    2011-01-01

    The influence of spatially distinct host subpopulations on helminth community structure and pattern was examined in a migratory avian host species. Forty helminth species represented by 24,082 individuals were collected from 184 blue-winged teal (Anas discors; BWT) from 2 primary migratory corridors in Florida (eastern migratory corridor; EMC) and Louisiana and Texas (western migratory corridor; WMC). Mean species richness was greater in BWT from the WMC (x̅±SE = 10.2 ± 0.3 species) than the EMC (8.6 ± 0.2). The helminth community from the WMC had higher abundances of 6 common/intermediate species. Corridor helminth communities were similar in species composition but less similar when incorporating abundances of those species. Overlapping distributions of phylogenetically related host species that share generalist helminth species across ecologically similar habitats seem to mitigate the isolating mechanisms that are necessary for the distinct coevolutionary pathways to develop between adjacent corridors.

  11. Music and Metaphor: Anaïs Nin’s Soundtrack in The Cities of the Interior

    OpenAIRE

    Wells, Amy D.

    2016-01-01

    The Cities of the Interior, roman-fleuve d’Anaïs Nin, offre un cas d’étude de l’intertextualité entre musique et littérature, et de la « traversée » entre ces deux arts. La présence de personnages musiciens, le champ lexical de la musique, et les références à des œuvres musicales contribuent à créer une bande-son audible lors de la lecture. Les évocations de la Symphonie en ré mineur de César Frank et de l’Isle Joyeuse de Claude Debussy poussent également les lecteurs à s’interroger sur le se...

  12. Komunikācijas prasmju pilnveidošana saskarsmes procesā autiskiem bērniem

    OpenAIRE

    Tomsone, Inese

    2007-01-01

    Diplomdarbā „Komunikācijas prasmju pilnveidošana saskarsmes procesā autiskiem bērniem” – teorētiski un praktiski tiek apskatītas un analizētas metodes un paņēmieni kā skolēniem ar autismu efektīvāk attīstīt komunikācijas prasmes. Teorētiski un praktiski izzināt alternatīvo komunikācijas līdzekļu izmantošanu komunikācijas prasmju pilnveidošanai saskarsmē, lai sekmētu autisko bērnu sociālo adaptāciju. Pētījuma mērķis: teorētiski un praktiski izzināt komunikācijas veidus un metodes saska...

  13. Desigualdades, diferencias y experiencias de (no pertenencia en educación, de Ana Bravo-Moreno (Ed.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivy Jacaranda Jasso Martínez

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available El texto que nos presenta Ana Bravo-Moreno es una colección de capítulos que tienen como eje transversal el tema de la desigualdad generada a partir de la/s diferencia/s, analizando cómo se producen, negocian y cambian estas en contextos específicos. Se trata de un tema en boga, que se ha venido discutiendo en la última década, especialmente respecto a las diferentes posturas que han evidenciado y discutido la manera y estrategias en que se vive y experimenta la diversidad cultural en el aula y en la escuela. El libro consta de ocho capítulos, más la introducción, donde se pasa revista de diferentes casos (España, Argentina, Estados Unidos, Grecia, y cada capítulo aborda con diferente profundidad la temática.

  14. De mujeres deseadas a mujeres deseantes: entrevista con Ana María Fernández

    OpenAIRE

    Fernández, Ana María

    1997-01-01

    Esta entrevista se realizó a su paso por Bogotá, cuando participó como docente invitada en los cursos de postgrado del Programa de Estudios de Género, Mujer y Desarrollo de la Facultad de Ciencias Humanas de la Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Ana María Fernández, psicóloga clínica y psicoanalista, profesora de Estudios de la Mujer y Técnica de Grupos de la Facultad de Psicología de la Universidad de Buenos Aires, autora del libro "La Mujer de la Ilusión" (Paidós, 1993) y de numerosos artícu...

  15. Intrinsic vulnerability assessment of the aquifer in the Rižana spring chatcment by method SINTACS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available In this paper is presented intrinsic vulnerability assessment of the aquifer in the Rižana spring chatcment by the method SINTACS. It is parametric method that takes into consideration seven parameters (depth to ground water, effective infiltration action, unsaturatedzone attenuation capacity, soil/overburden attenuation capacity, hydrogeological characteristics of the aquifer, hydraulic conductivity range of aquifer, hydrologic role of the topographic slope. Parameters are presented in grid information layers that wereelaborated on the basis of interpretation and GIS processing of geological, hydrogeological,speleological, topographical, meteorological and pedological data. According to the parametersimportance for vulnerability assessment, a multiplier (importance weight was assigned to each parameter. Final map of vulnerability is a result of overlaying (summing of weighted information layers (parameters and shows the catchment area of the Rižanaspring subdivided into six vulnerability classes.

  16. Flutuações sazonais na abundância de Phalacrocorax brasilianus (Gmelin no estuário do Saco da Fazenda, Itajaí, Santa Catarina, Brasil Seasonal changes in the abundance of Phalacrocorax brasilianus (Gmelin in the estuary of Saco da Fazenda, Itajaí, Santa Catarina, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joaquim Olinto Branco

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available The Neotropic cormorant is one of the most comm on estuarine birds along SantaCatarina's shore, especially in artisanal fishery areas, where it obtains food easily. During the period from January, 1996 to December, 1999, and of January to December, 2001, the cormorants were monitored monthly in the estuary. The population P. brasilianus (Gmelin, 1789 presented seasonal changes with the same annual pattern of increment of the abundance. Significant differences were recorded between the seasons and the medium abundance of birds. Those differences can be attributed to the events of the life cicle of the species and the oscillations in the estuary water temperature.

  17. A parapatric propensity for breeding precludes the completion of speciation in common teal (Anas crecca, sensu lato).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peters, Jeffrey L; McCracken, Kevin G; Pruett, Christin L; Rohwer, Sievert; Drovetski, Sergei V; Zhuravlev, Yuriy N; Kulikova, Irina; Gibson, Daniel D; Winker, Kevin

    2012-09-01

    Speciation is a process in which genetic drift and selection cause divergence over time. However, there is no rule dictating the time required for speciation, and even low levels of gene flow hinder divergence, so that taxa may be poised at the threshold of speciation for long periods of evolutionary time. We sequenced mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) and eight nuclear introns (nuDNA) to estimate genomic levels of differentiation and gene flow between the Eurasian common teal (Anas crecca crecca) and the North American green-winged teal (Anas crecca carolinensis). These ducks come into contact in Beringia (north-eastern Asia and north-western North America) and have probably done so, perhaps cyclically, since the Pliocene-Pleistocene transition, ~2.6 Ma, when they apparently began diverging. They have diagnosable differences in male plumage and are 6.9% divergent in the mtDNA control region, with only 1 of 58 crecca and 2 of 86 carolinensis having haplotypes grouping with the other. Two nuclear loci were likewise strongly structured between these teal (Φ(st) ≥ 0.35), but six loci were undifferentiated or only weakly structured (Φ(st) = 0.0-0.06). Gene flow between crecca and carolinensis was ~1 individual per generation in both directions in mtDNA, but was asymmetrical in nuDNA, with ~1 and ~20 individuals per generation immigrating into crecca and carolinensis, respectively. This study illustrates that species delimitation using a single marker oversimplifies the complexity of the speciation process, and it suggests that even with divergent selection, moderate levels of gene flow may stall the speciation process short of completion. © 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

  18. Cell-cycle protein modifications in the kidney of Mus spretus from Doñana National Park.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leoni, Silvia; Torrice, Alessia; Chiuchiarelli, Giorgia; Bruscalupi, Giovannella; Cristaldi, Mauro

    2008-02-01

    On April 1998 a tailing dam of the Aznalcollar pyrite mine partially collapsed and released to the Guadiamar river acidic water and mud containing toxic metals threatening the Doñana National Park, a Spanish wildlife reserve located near the estuary of Guadalquivir river. To assess the possible biological effects on terrestrial ecosystems, biochemical markers were assayed in the kidneys of Algerian mice (Mus spretus) collected in several areas of Doñana and Guadiamar river. Biomarkers assayed are proteins involved in cell cycle regulation, in particular cyclins and their associated kinases, and some cell cycle inhibitors. Moreover Mitogen Activated Protein Kinases (MAPK), a signal transduction system involved in cell division, p53, a protein involved in growth arrest after DNA damage, and HSP70, an early stress-induced protein, were assayed. The kidneys of animals collected one year after the ecological disaster had increased levels of PCNA (proliferating cell nuclear antigen), indicating an increased number of cells in the S phase of cell cycle. This shift of cells from G0 to S phase is due to increased levels of cyclins D1, E, and A, to decreased levels of p21 and p27 cdk inhibitors, and to activation of MAPK cascade. On the other hand, p53 and HSP70 levels are not changed. These data demonstrate that the presence of toxic metals after ecological disaster provoked the induction of kidney cell proliferation interpretable as a compensatory cell growth after tissue damage and apoptosis, and that could lead to the genomic instability characteristic of cancer cell.

  19. POR UMA EPISTEME DIALÓGICA, SENSÍVEL E CRIATIVA: UMA HOMENAGEM À ANA CLARA TORRES RIBEIRO

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    Anita Loureiro de Oliveira

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available 1024x768 Normal 0 21 false false false PT-BR X-NONE X-NONE /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Tabela normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;} Este artigo pretende ser uma homenagem à Professora Ana Clara Torres Ribeiro e ao mesmo tempo uma reunião de algumas das contribuições de seu pensamento para a consolidação de uma episteme dialógica, sensível e criativa, experimentada na pesquisa para a Tese Música e Vida Urbana (OLIVEIRA, 2008 e que em projetos acadêmicos e práticas pedagógicas e de pesquisa. Ana Clara tinha um olhar sensível para o outro. Este gesto não só era experimentado no cotidiano, como constituía parte significativa de sua proposta de teórico-metodológica.

  20. National Special Security Events

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Reese, Shawn

    2007-01-01

    ...) as National Special Security Events (NSSE) Beginning in September 1998 through February 2007, there have been 27 events designated as NSSEs Some of these events have included presidential inaugurations, presidential nominating conventions...

  1. Neuropsychiatric phenomena in the medieval text Cantigas de Santa Maria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gondim, Francisco De Assis Aquino; Griesbach, Sarah H; Thomas, Florian P

    2015-05-12

    To discuss the neuropsychiatric phenomena described in Cantigas de Santa Maria (Canticles of St. Mary [CSM]). CSM is a collection of 427 canticles composed in Galician-Portuguese between 1252 and 1284 at the Court of King Alfonso X the Wise of Spain (1221-1284). The canticles (of which 9 are repeated) include devotional and liturgical poems and 353 narrative stories consisting mainly of depictions of Marian miracles. Most are set to music and many are illustrated. We reviewed the canticles for description of miracles and other neuropsychiatric phenomena. Two neurologists reached a consensus about the descriptions. Of the 353 miracles, 279 medically relevant facts (from 187 canticles) and 25 instances of resurrection were reported. Possible neuropsychiatric conditions were described in 98 canticles. Physicians were mentioned in 16 narratives. The most common neurologic conditions detailed were blindness (n = 17), dystonia, weakness, and deformities (n = 20). Other common conditions included psychosis (n = 15), speech disorder/deaf-mutism (n = 12), infections (n = 15), sexual dysfunction/infertility/obstetrical-gynecologic issues (n = 18), head trauma (n = 5), ergotism/St. Anthony's fire (n = 7), and others. There were 9 instances of prodromic mystical experiences/hallucinations heralding death. While limited by retrospection and interpretation of neuropsychiatric phenomena in the medieval context, these short accounts are among the first descriptions of neuropsychiatric conditions in early Portuguese/Galician. They reflect how medieval societies used rational and irrational approaches to understand occurrences in their lives. © 2015 American Academy of Neurology.

  2. Teaching nursing history: the Santa Catarina, Brazil, experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Padilha, Maria Itayra; Nelson, Sioban

    2009-06-01

    Nursing history has been a much debated subject with a wide range of work from many countries discussing the profession's identity and questioning the nature of nursing and professional practice. Building upon a review of the recent developments in nursing history worldwide and on primary research that examined the structure of mandated nursing history courses in 14 nursing schools in the state of Santa Catarina, Brazil, this paper analyzes both the content and the pedagogical style applied. We postulate that the study of history offers an important opportunity for the development of student learning, and propose that more creative and dynamic teaching strategies be applied. We argue the need for professors to be active historical researchers, so they may meaningfully contribute to the development of local histories and enrich the professional identities of both nursing students and the profession. We conclude that historical education in nursing is limited by a traditional and universalist approach to nursing history, by the lack of relevant local sources or examples, and by the failure of historical education to be used as a vehicle to provide students with the intellectual tools for the development of professional understanding and self-identity.

  3. Observações sobre anofelinos em Santa Catarina, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mário B. Aragão

    1973-10-01

    Full Text Available Um ciclo anual de capturas de mosquitos realizado em três localidades da Região do Litoral e Encosta de Santa Catarina, com um homemisca colocado na mata, outro na casa mais próxima e um terceiro situado entre esses dois pontos, forneceu as seguintes informações: 1 O Anopheles bellator que é um mosquito raro nas matas densas das encostas, torna-se abundante quando essas florestas são danificadas pela retirada de árvores; 2 Tanto essa espécie quanto o A. cruzii e o A. homunculus, compareceram em maior número nas capturas feitas no terreno descampado; 3 A não ser no fato do A. homunculus procurar alimento nas horas um pouco mais avançadas da noite, não se notou diferença significativa entre o comportamento dessas três espécies de anofelinos; 4 A comparação dos dados obtidos, com os de outros autores, mostrou que uma pessoa colocada fora da casa intercepta um número significativo de mosquitos; 5 Ficou bem claro que os anofelinos da região raramente pousam em paredes dedetizadas; 6 Além disso, o DDT diminui muito a proporção de exemplares que vai se alimentar dentro das casas; para o A. cruzii essa diminuição foi da ordem de 90%.

  4. Capela Santa Maria dos Anjos: uma obra alternativa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edite Galote Carranza

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Celebrando cem anos de nascimento da arquiteta Lina Bo Bardi, seu trabalho continua incitando a curiosidade de pesquisadores, artistas e arquitetos de todo o mundo, devido tanto à qualidade, à subjetividade artística, às ideias, aos ideais e à filosofia de fundo como à amplitude da obra nas áreas de cenografia, design, crítica, museologia e arquitetura. Entre suas obras arquitetônicas, a Capela Santa Maria dos Anjos, de 1978, em Vargem Grande Paulista, SP, merece maior atenção. Embora possa ser considerada singela, a Capela é uma obra densa e representativa da Arquitetura Alternativa ao status quo arquitetônico paulista. Este artigo analisa a Capela e sua relação com os conceitos de nacional-popular e Te-Ato, a fé franciscana e as culturas erudita e popular, a fim de contribuir para o melhor entendimento da obra que dialoga com a cena cultural e política da época.

  5. Trauma de extremidades en la ciudad de Santa Marta

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Joaquín del Gordo D´Amato

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Se realizó un estudio de tipo descriptivo transversal que tiene como objetivo conocer la frecuencia de trauma en miembros en el principal centro hospitalario del orden estatal de la ciudad de Santa Marta (Magdalena DTCH en el periodo entre enero de 2003 y junio de 2004. Las variables incluyen región anatómica afectada, edad, sexo, lugar de procedencia, causa externa que origina el trauma y estancia hospitalaria. El manejo fue realizado por médicos especialistas del servicio de ortopedia y traumatología de este centro hospitalario de tercer nivel de atención. La totalidad de consultas en el periodo establecido por traumatismo de miembros fue de 2.052. De estas 1.420 (69.2%, correspondieron a traumas en el miembro superior y 632 (30.8% correspondieron al miembro inferior. La totalidad de la consulta por trauma fue de 3.838 pacientes. Los resultados obtenidos permiten concluir que los datos encontrados corroboran los hallazgos de estudios internacionales y nacionales.

  6. Water-resources optimization model for Santa Barbara, California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nishikawa, T.

    1998-01-01

    A simulation-optimization model has been developed for the optimal management of the city of Santa Barbara's water resources during a drought. The model, which links groundwater simulation with linear programming, has a planning horizon of 5 years. The objective is to minimize the cost of water supply subject to: water demand constraints, hydraulic head constraints to control seawater intrusion, and water capacity constraints. The decision variables are montly water deliveries from surface water and groundwater. The state variables are hydraulic heads. The drought of 1947-51 is the city's worst drought on record, and simulated surface-water supplies for this period were used as a basis for testing optimal management of current water resources under drought conditions. The simulation-optimization model was applied using three reservoir operation rules. In addition, the model's sensitivity to demand, carry over [the storage of water in one year for use in the later year(s)], head constraints, and capacity constraints was tested.

  7. Santa Claus visited CERN on Saturday, 3 December!

    CERN Multimedia

    Staff Association

    2016-01-01

    Ever since its creation, the Staff Association has organised an annual Children’s Christmas Party. This party brings together 5- to 7-year-old children of employed members of the personnel. On Saturday, 3 December, the Staff Association welcomed no less than 230 children who attended with joy and enthusiasm a magical clown show presented at 13.30 and 15.30. After the show, they were offered a snack in Restaurant 1. We would like to thank Novae for their generous contribution, as well as their personnel for their valuable help. Then, Santa Claus himself came to hand out presents to the children. The Staff Association would also like to warmly thank him for despite his busy schedule for the season, he took the time to bring happiness and joy to little ones and older ones alike! Finally, we would like to thank all the parents who volunteered to help look after the children. Their presence and contribution are indispensable for the success of the party. This year, the Staff Association’s organ...

  8. Lipidic characterization of Santa Inês lamb shoulder

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christian Albert Carvalho da Cruz

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available The edible portion of the shoulder of 12 castrated and 12 non-castrated Santa Inês lambs slaughtered at different ages (84, 168, 210, 252 days were used. The shoulders were chemically analyzed to determine the quantity of total lipids, cholesterol, and fatty acids composition. Castrated and non-castrated lambs gained body weight (p = 0.0393, p = 0.0017 and half carcass weight (p = 0.0240, p = 0.0017, respectively. The shoulder weight was increased in the carcasses of non-castrated lambs (p = 0.0110. The edible portion of the shoulder of castrated lambs presented higher total lipids (16.09 g.100 g-1. The cholesterol content was influenced by castration (p = 0.0001 reducing with age. Castrated animals presented higher content of C18:1 T11, CLA, and C18:0. The shoulder weight is only increased with increasing age in the carcasses of non-castrated lambs. Castration influences the cholesterol content of the shoulder; however, both castrated and non-castrated lambs had their cholesterol contents reduced with increasing age. Castration and age interfered in the estearic acid concentration of the edible portion of lamb shoulder.

  9. DE RISCO EM SANTA CATARINA (1987-2009

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberta Costa

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Se trata de una investigación cualitativa, con abordaje socio-histórico, con el objetivo de describir el proceso de implantación de la unidad de cuidados intensivos neonatales en Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brzil en la década de 1980, y mostrar la importancia de esta unidad para el cuidado del recién nacido en riesgo. El contexto del estudio fue el Hospital Infantil Joana de Gusmão. Los sujetos de la investigación fueron 13 profesionales de salud que participaron de la implantación de la unidad. Para el análisis de los datos se empleó el método genealógico. Los resultados muestran que esta unidad representó un hito en el cuidado intensivo neonatal catarinense y los profesionales que contribuyeron en la implantación y puesta en práctica de la atención fueron fundamentales en la institución del saber y de las prácticas de cuidado al recién nacido. Se concluye que la necesidad de una atención especializada fue la gran propulsora del cuidado intensivo neonatal

  10. Radio Santa Maria: a case study of participatory evaluation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mayo, J K; Green, C B; Vargas, M E

    1985-01-01

    Radio Santa Maria (RSM), established by the Catholic Church in the Dominican Republic in 1964, broadcasts programs leading to certificates at the primary and intermediate levels and stresses education as a tool to help individuals cope with their environment. This article describes the history of an evaluation of RSM based on the participation of RSM personnel. RSM staff carried out the field work, while members of the expatriate evaluation team helped to design the survey instruments, trained staff in evaluation techniques, and conducted the statistical analyses. A 1975 policy document served as the basis of the evaluation. An important advantage of the self-study approach was that the evaluation process itself resulted in program improvements during the study period. As active participants in the process, RSM staff developed important evaluation skills and a computerized information retrieval system was installed. A disadvantage of the participatory approach to program evaluation is the time required to build personnel relations and transfer technical skills. Compromises may be necessary that undermine professional standards and reduce data reliability. On the other hand, self-study can provide data of more depth than external evaluations. It can overcome the neglect of inputs and processes that characterizes traditional output-oriented evaluations. It is concluded that if the purpose of an evaluation is to improve an organization, it is useful to involve the entire organization in the process.

  11. Neogene contraction between the San Andreas fault and the Santa Clara Valley, San Francisco Bay region, California

    Science.gov (United States)

    McLaughlin, R.J.; Langenheim, V.E.; Schmidt, K.M.; Jachens, R.C.; Stanley, R.G.; Jayko, A.S.; McDougall, K.A.; Tinsley, J.C.; Valin, Z.C.

    1999-01-01

    In the southern San Francisco Bay region of California, oblique dextral reverse faults that verge northeastward from the San Andreas fault experienced triggered slip during the 1989 M7.1 Loma Prieta earthquake. The role of these range-front thrusts in the evolution of the San Andreas fault system and the future seismic hazard that they may pose to the urban Santa Clara Valley are poorly understood. Based on recent geologic mapping and geophysical investigations, we propose that the range-front thrust system evolved in conjunction with development of the San Andreas fault system. In the early Miocene, the region was dominated by a system of northwestwardly propagating, basin-bounding, transtensional faults. Beginning as early as middle Miocene time, however, the transtensional faulting was superseded by transpressional NE-stepping thrust and reverse faults of the range-front thrust system. Age constraints on the thrust faults indicate that the locus of contraction has focused on the Monte Vista, Shannon, and Berrocal faults since about 4.8 Ma. Fault slip and fold reconstructions suggest that crustal shortening between the San Andreas fault and the Santa Clara Valley within this time frame is ~21%, amounting to as much as 3.2 km at a rate of 0.6 mm/yr. Rates probably have not remained constant; average rates appear to have been much lower in the past few 100 ka. The distribution of coseismic surface contraction during the Loma Prieta earthquake, active seismicity, late Pleistocene to Holocene fluvial terrace warping, and geodetic data further suggest that the active range-front thrust system includes blind thrusts. Critical unresolved issues include information on the near-surface locations of buried thrusts, the timing of recent thrust earthquake events, and their recurrence in relation to earthquakes on the San Andreas fault.

  12. Monitoring Domoic Acid production by Solid Phase Adsorption Toxin Tracking off the Santa Cruz Municipal Warf, Santa Cruz, California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nolan, M.; Ziccarelli, L.; Kudela, R. M.

    2013-12-01

    Certain species of the diatom genus Pseudo-nitzschia are producers of the neurotoxin, domoic acid (DA). DA is known to cause amnesic shellfish poisoning also known as domoic acid poisoning, which can lead to permanent brain damage in humans and marine mammals. DA accumulates at higher trophic levels, generally due to consumption of toxic cells or through trophic transfer, and can potentially cause death of both humans and marine wildlife. The Santa Cruz Municipal Warf experiences periodic rises in DA concentrations, which can reach toxic levels in shellfish, fish, and other marine organisms. While these increases in toxicity often occur during Pseudo-nitzschia blooms, several periods of elevated DA have occurred when diatom abundance is restricted and/or dominated by non-toxic species, and there is increasing evidence that DA dissolved in seawater may be prevalent. One theory suggests that senescent or dead Pseudo-nitzschia cells sink to the benthos while retaining their toxin and are buried in sediment following the death of a bloom. Therefore, DA may accumulate in the benthos, where it is eventually released during storms or wave and tide conditions that disturb the sediment. We sampled DA in situ using Solid Phase Adsorption Toxin Tracking (SPATT) bags SPATT uses a synthetic resin to capture dissolved DA, allowing for the determination of integrated DA concentrations at known time intervals. The alternative method is mussel biotoxin monitoring, but it is less accurate due to uncertainties in the time of DA accumulation within the mussel, and the lack of uptake of dissolved DA by the mussel. We deployed and collected SPATT off the Santa Cruz Municipal Wharf at multiple depths beginning in February 2013. We expect to see increasing DA following the death of a harmful algal bloom. Under pre-bloom conditions, little to no DA has been detected in mussels or surface SPATT, but DA from SPATT is frequently observed at depth, suggesting that the sediment is exposed to

  13. Postorogenic emplacement of the Santa Marta Batholith, northwestern flank of the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta (SNSM).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanchez Sierra, Johan Miguel Sebastian; Kammer, Andreas

    2017-04-01

    The Santa Marta Batholith (BSM) belongs to a Paleogene intrusive suite of the Santa Marta massif, an exhumed triangular block at the southern Caribbean margin. Its Paleogene age precludes its association to an active margin, although its emplacement was controlled by the flexure of the down-bent Southamerican plate. Its internal structure is outlined by a mafic border facies and a felsic core, both having a petrologic affinity to a TTG-suite. According to existing age data, the BSM consolidated sequentially from SW to NE, with a first pulse having crystallized at 56 Ma in the southern domain and a final pulse in the northern domain at 52-50 Ma. Pressures varied between 5-7 kb, corresponding to depths of 14-19 km. This study combines structural, thermochronological and geochemical data with an analysis of Anisotropy and Magnetic Susceptibility (AMS) and paleomagnetism. The SNSM had a clockwise rotation of 30 ° and the ASM results help distinguish between two fault-bounded structural domains. The southern domain is characterized by a magnetic foliation concordant to the contact of the host rock that dips toward the hinterland. The northern domain, in contrast, displays a N-S trending magnetic foliation that is oblique to the regional structural northeastern trend. This divergence is supported by the orientation of mineral lineations, enclaves and dikes. In spite of its arc signature, anomalies like enrichment in Ti, depletion of Nb-Ta and Zr-Hf, as well as flat REE patterns can be associated to the accumulation of crystallized mafic minerals from less-fractionated magmas. These data evidence mingling. Asymmetric internal organization, as indicated by a hinterland-dipping roof pendent, the structural setting at the margin of a thickened continental margin and its geochemical signature favor a scenario of a magma generation at a mid-crustal level and its consequent extrusion along a channel, that connected to the crustal bend of the continental plate that was

  14. Examining the interactive effects of ocenaographic and anthropogenic influences with the SST anomaly, or Warm Blob on the bloom response of the toxigenic HAB genus Pseudo-nitzschia in the Santa Barbara Channel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amiri, S.

    2016-12-01

    Harmful algal blooms (HAB's) include a large subset of toxigenic phytoplankton and microbial species responsible for shutting down major fisheries, impairing water quality and threatening public health. Oceanographic and anthropogenic effects on HAB's in concert with climactic stressors may have interactive effects influencing HAB blooms to persist longer than historically documented. This 3 year time-series explores the interactive effects of the SST anomaly known as the Warm Blob across the coastal Pacific on the bloom progression and persistence of the toxigenic Pseudo-nitzschia bloom across the West Coast, ranging from the gulf of Alaska to the Santa Barbara Channel (SBC). This study also explores direct links of the Warm Blob event on nutrient and oxygen concentrations spatially across the Santa Barbara Channel with the highest levels of domoic acid concentrations recorded from the coast wide mega bloom. MODIS and SeaWIFS Satellite imagery of chlorophyll and SST monthly averaged values of the SBC were identified to better understand the regional distribution of the Warm Blob on phytoplankton community structure. These images were ground truthed with monthly samples from 7 transects across the SBC with the Plumes and Blooms time-series, LTER sites and local pier sites across the Santa Barbara County. Preliminary data suggest an interesting correlation with Pseudo-nitzschia species outcompeting other phytoplankton species within the SBC during the 3 degree averaged increase of SST conditions with the Warm Blob event. *Data is still being processed and results should be analyzed before October 2016.

  15. Field Evidence for a Low Permeability, High Storage Fault Core at the Santa Susana Field Laboratory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allègre, V.; Brodsky, E. E.; Parker, B. L.; Cherry, J. A.

    2015-12-01

    In situ measurements of hydrogeologic properties within fault zones are few, in part because of the challenges of measuring the scale-dependent quantities in fractured rock reservoirs. This work aims to fill the gap by utilizing a combination of tidal, barometric and seismic response analyses on pressure head time-series from the Santa Susana Field Laboratory in Southern California. The techniques sample different effective volumes and so allow us to investigate the scale-dependent structure near fault zones. Permeability and specific storage were inverted from tidal response at 14 locations, and specific storage was also computed from barometric efficiencies at 10 locations. In addition, we computed hydro-seismic transfer functions after nine local earthquakes and teleseismic events. We found that permeability computed from tidal response are quite homogeneous within about one and a half orders of magnitude over the site regardless of the presence of moderate to large faults. This result is consistent with the earlier aquifer tests using standard methods. The tidal responses also showed higher variability of specific storage inside the fault zones suggesting that fault damage zone generates a storage architecture. The storage from the tidal responses can be consistently interpreted for the tidal, barometric and seismic responses. However, the observations require that the permeability inside the fault zones at the spatial scale of the seismic response (~meters) is much lower than at the spatial scale of the tidal response (~10's of meters). The result suggests possible sensitivity to the low permeability fault core, which has been historically difficult to measure at the field scale.

  16. Energy Balance of the Santa Catarina State - Series 1980 -1996; Balanco energetico do Estado de Santa Catarina - Serie 1980-1996

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-07-01

    This energy balance of the Santa Catarina State presents the following main topics that can be outstanding: economic aspects; supply and demand of energy by source 1980-1996; energy consumption by sector 1980/1996; energy interchange; and balance of the transformation centers 1980/1996.

  17. Characterization of breakpoint regions of large structural autosomal mosaic events.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Machiela, Mitchell J; Jessop, Lea; Zhou, Weiyin; Yeager, Meredith; Chanock, Stephen J

    2017-11-15

    Recent studies have reported a higher than anticipated frequency of large clonal autosomal mosaic events >2 Mb in size in the aging population. Mosaic events are detected from analyses of intensity parameters of linear stretches with deviations in heterozygous probes of single nucleotide polymorphism microarrays. The non-random distribution of detected mosaic events throughout the genome suggests common mechanisms could influence the formation of mosaic events. Here we use publicly available data tracks from the University of California Santa Cruz Genome Browser to investigate the genomic characteristics of the regions at the terminal ends of two frequent types of large structural mosaic events: telomeric neutral events and interstitial losses. We observed breakpoints are more likely to occur in regions enriched for open chromatin, increased gene density, elevated meiotic recombination rates and in the proximity of repetitive elements. These observations suggest that detected mosaic event breakpoints are preferentially recovered in genomic regions that are observed to be active and thus more accessible to environmental exposures and events related to gene transcription. We propose that errors in DNA repair pathways, such as non-homologous end joining and homologous recombination, may be important cellular mechanisms that lead to the formation of large structural mosaic events such as interstitial losses and copy neutral events that include telomeres. Further studies using next generation sequencing technologies should be instrumental in mapping the specific junctions of mosaic events to the nucleotide and provide insights into the molecular mechanisms responsible for clonal somatic structural events. Published by Oxford University Press 2017. This work is written by US Government employees and is in the public domain in the US.

  18. Publication of a Map Series on the Aquatic Resources for San Jacinto and Portions of the Santa Margarita Watersheds

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Lichvar, Robert; Ericsson, Michael

    2004-01-01

    .... Environmental Protection Agency, recently funded an effort to inventory and map the aquatic resources within the San Jacinto and portions of Santa Margarita River watersheds, Riverside County, California...

  19. O teatro em Aparecida: a santa e o lobisomem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John C. Dawsey

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available A seguir, pretende-se discutir a experiência de devotos em Aparecida a partir de um dos textos originários da antropologia da performance, "Points of Contact Between Anthropological and Theatrical Thought" ("Pontos de Contato entre o Pensamento Antropológico e Teatral", de Richard Schechner. O "desvio" metodológico que se manifesta no texto de Schechner - um diretor de teatro que fez sua aprendizagem antropológica com Victor Turner - é propício para uma discussão do processo ritual que se realiza em Aparecida, onde imagens de liminaridade irrompem na própria imagem da santa. O trajeto percorrido pelos devotos do Jardim das Flores ("buraco dos capetas" requer, porém, ainda outro deslocamento, um duplo movimento capaz não apenas de olhar o cotidiano a partir de Aparecida, mas também de olhar Aparecida às margens das margens, a partir do parque de diversões. Eis uma questão: aquilo que a liturgia e o processo ritual separam em Aparecida, para fins de compor a imagem impassível da santa no espaço do sagrado, reúne-se nas imagens carregadas de tensões no Jardim das Flores. Seria o parque de diversões um dispositivo através do qual a cultura popular propicia um retorno do suprimido? Estados somáticos e formas de inervação corporal associados à experiência do pasmo, que fazem parte da história incorporada de mulheres e homens do "buraco dos capetas", irrompem no espetáculo da mulher-lobisomem, entre outros do parque de diversões. Às margens das margens, com efeitos de pasmo, ali se produz um duplo estranhamento: em relação ao cotidiano e ao extraordinário também.This essay discusses the experience of visitors to the city of Aparecida, based on theater director Richard Schechner’s germinal text in the anthropology of performance, "Points of Contact Between Anthropological and Theatrical Thought." The methodological ‘twist’ employed here by Schechner - associated with the anthropology of Victor Turner, under whose

  20. The Santa Terezinha-Campos Verdes emerald district, central Brazil: structural and Sm-Nd data to constrain the tectonic evolution of the Neoproterozoic Brası´lia belt

    Science.gov (United States)

    D'el-Rey Silva, Luiz José Homem; Barros Neto, Leonel de Souza

    2002-12-01

    Structural analysis coupled with Sm-Nd isotope data and a detailed description of the geology of the Santa Terezinha-Campos Verdes emerald district (Goiás State, Central Brazil) constrain the evolution of the Neoproterozoic Brası´lia belt. The area is composed of tectonic slices of Archean-Paleoproterozoic gneiss, a Meso-Neoproterozoic metavolcanic sedimentary sequence called the Santa Terezinha sequence, and crustal-derived intrusive rocks such as mylonitic (ortho)gneiss and a syntectonic porphyry granite. It underwent a Neoproterozoic greenschist facies polyphase ductile deformation (D 1-D 3). Structures indicate an event of rotational deformation along a typical frontal ramp dipping gently to the west (i.e. an event of simple shear with top to ESE relative regional movement due to a subhorizontal WNW-ESE compression). A Sm-Nd whole-rock isochron age of 577±77 Ma for the intrusive rocks constrains the timing of at least part of the deformation/metamorphism in the area. Primary and metamorphic planar structures (mainly D 1-D 2) strike SW-NE and dip at low to moderate angles to the NW in the northern part of the area. However, they gradually rotate to SSE in the central SE part, where the Peixe River synclinorium is developed. This synclinorium is also the nest of the D 2 sheath folds that control emerald ore shoots. The Santa Cruz dome is a basement-cored, major elliptic structure in the SW of the area. The Santa Terezinha sequence represents a back-arc basin that received input from the Neoproterozoic Goiás magmatic arc to the west and the São Francisco ancient continental margin to the east. The basal and upper sections of this sequence correlate, respectively, with other passive margin and back-arc sequences of the Brası´lia belt.