WorldWideScience

Sample records for sanders associates proposal

  1. Correction to sanders (2008).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-02-01

    Reports an error in "Triple P-Positive Parenting Program as a public health approach to strengthening parenting" by Matthew R. Sanders (Journal of Family Psychology, 2008[Aug], Vol 22[4], 506-517). In the article, a disclaimer was inadvertently omitted from the author note. The disclaimer has been included. (The following abstract of the original article appeared in record 2008-10898-003.) Parenting programs have considerable potential to improve the mental health and well-being of children, improve family relationships, and benefit the community at large. However, traditional clinical models of service delivery reach relatively few parents. A public health approach is needed to ensure that more parents benefit and that a societal-level impact is achieved. The Triple P-Positive Parenting Program is a comprehensive, multilevel system of parenting intervention that combines within a single intervention universal and more targeted interventions for high-risk children and their parents. With Triple P, the overarching goal is to enhance the knowledge, skills, and confidence of parents at a whole-of-population level and, in turn, to reduce the prevalence rates of behavioral and emotional problems in children and adolescents. The distinguishing features of the intervention and variables that influence its effective implementation are discussed. Self-regulation is a unifying concept that is applied throughout the entire system (e.g., to interactions between children, parents, service providers, and agencies involved in delivering the intervention). Challenges and future directions for the development of public health approaches to parenting are discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2015 APA, all rights reserved).

  2. In Gesprach mit EP Sanders

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    druck 'Joch des Himmelreiches' hatte Sanders stutzig machen sollen. Nur einige Zeilen weiter wird ja deutlich, dass dieses Joch auf das. Rezitieren des 'Schema' (Ber 2: 5) zu beziehen ist, das als religiose. Pflicht gait, deren gewissenhafte Befolgung schon fruh als verdienstlich angesehen wurde (Billerbeck 1961: 205).

  3. IceBridge Sander AIRGrav L4 Bathymetry V001

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — This data set contains bathymetry of Arctic fjords and Antarctic ice shelves based on measurements from the Sander Geophysics Airborne Inertially Referenced...

  4. Environmental DNA assays for the sister taxa aauger (Sander canadensis) and walleye (Sander vitreus)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joseph C. Dysthe; Kellie J. Carim; Michael Ruggles; Kevin S. McKelvey; Michael K. Young; Michael K. Schwartz

    2017-01-01

    Sauger (Sander canadensis) and walleye (S. vitreus) are percid fishes that naturally co-occur throughout much of the eastern United States. The native range of sauger extends into the upper Missouri River drainage where walleye did not historically occur, but have been stocked as a sport fish. Sauger populations have been declining due to habitat loss, fragmentation,...

  5. Kuidas Sander Saarmets kosmosest maailma vallutama kipub / Moon Meier

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Meier, Moon

    2007-01-01

    Eesti Muusika- ja Teatriakadeemias elektronmuusika erialal õppivast Sander Saarmetsast kui noorest heliloojast, kes on siiani oma nime teinud ulmemuusika ringkondades. Kommenteerivad sõber, muusik, ulmeplaatide boss Aivar Tõnso ja Muschraumi kitarrist Kaur Garšnek

  6. Noored lavastajad linnateatris / Sander Pukk ; intervjueerinud Kristi Helme

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pukk, Sander, 1984-

    2011-01-01

    Intervjuu EMTA Lavakunstikooli 3. kursusel lavastajaks õppiva Sander Pukiga Neil Simoni näidendi "Biloxi blues" lavastamisest Tallinna Linnateatris. Mängivad lavakunstikooli 25. lennu üliõpilased ning Tallinna Linnateatri näitlejad

  7. Mart Sander ei tea oma saate tulevikku / Heili Sibrits

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sibrits, Heili, 1977-

    2002-01-01

    Muusikasaatest "Tähed muusikas". Mart Sanderi juhitav MTÜ Bel-Etage suurprojektidest 2002. aasta maist augustini: Sir Arthur Sullivani koomilisest ooperist "Trial by Jury" ("Vandekohus") ja Lionel Moncktoni muusikalist "The Arcadians" ("Arkaadlased"). Sander juhib BBC Eurovisioni-eelset saadet eesti muusikast

  8. Preston and Park-Sanders protocols adapted for semi-quantitative isolation of thermotolerant Campylobacter from chicken rinse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Josefsen, Mathilde Hartmann; Lübeck, Peter Stephensen; Aalbaek, B.

    2003-01-01

    Human campylobacteriosis has become the major cause of foodborne gastrointestinal diseases in several European countries. In order to implement effective control measures in the primary production, and as a tool in risk assessment studies, it is necessary to have sensitive and quantitative...... detection methods. Thus, semi-quantitative detection of thermophilic Campylobacter spp. in 20 naturally contaminated chicken rinse samples was carried out using the two most common standard protocols: Preston and Park-Sanders, as proposed by Nordic Committee on Food Analysis (NMKL) and International...... Standard Organization (ISO), respectively. For both protocols, the chicken rinse samples were prepared in 500 ml buffered peptone water, as recommended in the ISO protocol no. 6887-2. The results indicated that the Preston protocol was superior to the Park-Sanders protocol in supporting growth...

  9. Release of particles by abrasion of CNT composites using a belt sander

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matsui, Yasuto; Ishibashi, Tomonori; Nobuyuki, Kato; Nagaya, Taiki; Yoneda, Minoru

    2017-06-01

    There have been many reports on the effect of exposure to nanomaterials such as titanium dioxide, silver, and carbon nanotube (CNT) on human health. Several experiments have examined the abrasion of CNT composites, in which CNT nanoparticles are embedded within a resin or rubber matrix, yielding varying results. Separate study of free CNTs and CNT nanoparticles in relation to health is important due to the different physicochemical characteristics of the two types of material. This study investigated the abrasion of CNT composites using a belt sander inside an enclosed chamber, with variation in the applied load and belt sander speed. At lower speeds, the population of particles with diameters of ~100 nm was observed to increase (cf. mode values of ~10 nm), and we found a relationship between the amount of the raising dust and the abrasion conditions. From these results, we propose a robust and widely applicable method to create particles of nanomaterial-containing composite materials of various types in order to conduct accelerated exposure assessment studies.

  10. A PROPOSAL OF FUZZY MULTIDIMENSIONAL ASSOCIATION RULES

    OpenAIRE

    Rolly Intan

    2006-01-01

    Association rules that involve two or more dimensions or predicates can be referred as multidimensional association rules. Rather than searching for frequent itemsets (as is done in mining single-dimensional association rules), in multidimensional association rules, we search for frequent predicate sets. In general, there are two types of multidimensional association rules, namely interdimension association rules and hybrid-dimension association rules. Interdimension association rules are mul...

  11. A Proposal of Fuzzy Multidimensional Association Rules

    OpenAIRE

    Intan, Rolly

    2006-01-01

    Association rules that involve two or more dimensions or predicates can be referred as multidimensional association rules. Rather than searching for frequent itemsets (as is done in mining single-dimensional association rules), in multidimensional association rules, we search for frequent predicate sets. In general, there are two types of multidimensional association rules, namely interdimension association rules and hybrid-dimension association rules. Interdimension association rules are mul...

  12. A PROPOSAL OF FUZZY MULTIDIMENSIONAL ASSOCIATION RULES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rolly Intan

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Association rules that involve two or more dimensions or predicates can be referred as multidimensional association rules. Rather than searching for frequent itemsets (as is done in mining single-dimensional association rules, in multidimensional association rules, we search for frequent predicate sets. In general, there are two types of multidimensional association rules, namely interdimension association rules and hybrid-dimension association rules. Interdimension association rules are multidimensional association rules with no repeated predicates. This paper introduces a method for generating interdimension association rules. A more meaningful association rules can be provided by generalizing crisp value of attributes to be fuzzy value. To generate the multidimensional association rules implying fuzzy value, this paper introduces an alternative method for mining the rules by searching for the predicate sets.

  13. Will Sanders Supporters Jump Ship for Trump? Fine-grained Analysis of Twitter Followers

    OpenAIRE

    Wang, Yu; Feng, Yang; Zhang, Xiyang; Niemi, Richard; Luo, Jiebo

    2016-01-01

    In this paper, we study the likelihood of Bernie Sanders supporters voting for Donald Trump instead of Hillary Clinton. Building from a unique time-series dataset of the three candidates' Twitter followers, which we make public here, we first study the proportion of Sanders followers who simultaneously follow Trump (but not Clinton) and how this evolves over time. Then we train a convolutional neural network to classify the gender of Sanders followers, and study whether men are more likely to...

  14. Some Claims of Liman von Sanders On The Gallipoli Campaign

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sezen Kılıç

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The Gallipoli campaign is still a widely studied issue in Turkey and abroad. Gallipoli reminds us of t he Anafartalar hero Mustafa Kemal and the legend of the victory written by the Turkish soldiers despite all the impossibilities. It is little known that the Turkish troops were commanded by a German general Liman von Sanders, and the fact that there were a lot of German officers in his command chain should be remembered. Nevertheless, incomparable to the number of the Turkish soldiers and much less than them, there were a small number of German troops who fought and lost their lives during the GalThe Gallipoli campaign is still a widely studied issue in Turkey and abroad. Gallipoli reminds us of the Anafartalar hero Mustafa Kemal and the legend of the victory written by the Turkish soldiers despite all the impossibilities. It is little known that the Turkish troops were commanded by a German general called Liman von Sanders, and the fact that there were a lot of German officers in his command chain should be remembered. Nevertheless, incomparable to the number of the Turkish soldiers and much less than them, there were a small number of German troops who fought and lost their lives during the GalThe Gallipoli campaign is still a widely studied issue in Turkey and abroad. Gallipoli reminds us of the Anafartalar hero Mustafa Kemal and the legend of the victory written by the Turkish soldiers despite all the impossibilities. It is little known that the Turkish troops were commanded by a German general called Liman von Sanders, and the fact that there were a lot of German officers in his command chain should be remembered. Nevertheless, incomparable to the number of the Turkish soldiers and much less than them, there were a small number of German troops who fought and lost their lives during the GalThe Gallipoli campaign is still a widely studied issue in Turkey and abroad. Gallipoli reminds us of the Anafartalar hero Mustafa Kemal and the legend

  15. Wedel and Sanders (1999) SVP poster - sauropod and bird necks compared

    OpenAIRE

    Wedel, Mathew

    2013-01-01

    The poster R. Kent Sanders and I presented together at the Society of Vertebrate Paleontology annual meeting in 1999. The abstract appeared as: Wedel, M.J., and Sanders, R.K. 1999. Comparative anatomy and functional morphology of the cervical series in ratites and sauropods. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 19(3):83A. Most of the content of the poster was published in Wedel et al. (2000).  Wedel, M.J., Cifelli, R.L., and Sanders, R.K. 2000. Osteology, paleobiology, and relationship...

  16. IceBridge Sander AIRGrav L1B Geolocated Free Air Gravity Anomalies V001

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — This data set contains Greenland and Antarctica gravity measurements taken from the Sander Geophysics AIRGrav airborne gravity system. The data were collected as...

  17. Pterocarpus santalinus (Red Sanders) an Endemic, Endangered Tree of India: Current Status, Improvement and the Future

    OpenAIRE

    AN Arunkumar; Joshi, G.

    2014-01-01

    Pterocarpus santalinus (Family – Fabaceae) popularly known as Red Sanders is an endemic species confined to Southern parts of Eastern Ghats of India specially in Andhra Pradesh. Heartwood of Red Sanders has high demand in domestic as well as international market and the wavy grained wood is valued.  Along with its extensive use in furniture, the red dye obtained from the wood is used as colouring agent for textile, medicine and food. The heartwood can accumulate various elements and rare eart...

  18. Reevaluation of a walleye (Sander vitreus) bioenergetics model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Madenjian, Charles P.; Wang, Chunfang

    2013-01-01

    Walleye (Sander vitreus) is an important sport fish throughout much of North America, and walleye populations support valuable commercial fisheries in certain lakes as well. Using a corrected algorithm for balancing the energy budget, we reevaluated the performance of the Wisconsin bioenergetics model for walleye in the laboratory. Walleyes were fed rainbow smelt (Osmerus mordax) in four laboratory tanks each day during a 126-day experiment. Feeding rates ranged from 1.4 to 1.7 % of walleye body weight per day. Based on a statistical comparison of bioenergetics model predictions of monthly consumption with observed monthly consumption, we concluded that the bioenergetics model estimated food consumption by walleye without any significant bias. Similarly, based on a statistical comparison of bioenergetics model predictions of weight at the end of the monthly test period with observed weight, we concluded that the bioenergetics model predicted walleye growth without any detectable bias. In addition, the bioenergetics model predictions of cumulative consumption over the 126-day experiment differed fromobserved cumulative consumption by less than 10 %. Although additional laboratory and field testing will be needed to fully evaluate model performance, based on our laboratory results, the Wisconsin bioenergetics model for walleye appears to be providing unbiased predictions of food consumption.

  19. Proposal for application to small producer: association cropsin agroforestry systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julia Maria do Carmo

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available This work seeks to structure a proposal for an application to the small producer that assist in the association of crops in agroforestry systems. To use the app you will need a smartphone or tablet that can function without dependence on the internet because it will have a database with the necessary characteristics for an efficient association. For this, it was made an exploratory search that assisted in the bibliographical conceptualization of agroforestry systems and in identifying the characteristics of the relevant cultures in an association. To illustrate the operation of the application was chosen as the main culture and rubber trees, papaya, beans, peanuts, rice and bananas as the joined cultures. When using the application introduces the following information: type of culture, climate, and Earth. By crossing the characteristics related to the nutrients, water and plant family cycle raises the name of plants that can be joined and the spacing that should be on the plantation.

  20. Teekond Lõuna-Eestisse ja Põhja-Lätti : [lehiseid uurima] / Heldur Sander

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sander, Heldur, 1946-

    2009-01-01

    Mõisaparkide ja alleede lehiseid käisid uurimas kirjutise autor Heldur Sander ja teadurid Toivo Meikar ning Alar Läänelaid. Uurimistööd tehti Rõngu (Suur-Rõngu), Bauenhofi (Bauņų) ja Hochroseni (Augstroze) mõisates

  1. 76 FR 56394 - Kootenai National Forest, Sanders, County, MT; Rock Creek Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-13

    ... Forest Service Kootenai National Forest, Sanders, County, MT; Rock Creek Project AGENCY: Forest Service.... The Forest Service Record of Decision was issued in June 2003. The Montana Department of Environmental... will respond to the US District Court Decision in Rock Creek Alliance et al. v. USFS, Revett Silver...

  2. Microgloma Sanders & Allen, 1973 (Nuculanidae) and Pristigloma Dall, 1900 (Pristiglomidae) (Pelecypoda) in the Campos Basin of Brazil

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Benaim, Natalia; Absalao, Ricardo

    2011-01-01

    .... mirmidina (Dautzenberg & Fischer 1897) from the western Atlantic, the descriptions of M. macaron sp. n. and M. nhanduti sp. n. as new species, and the shallowest record of Pristigloma alba Sanders...

  3. Preliminary bedrock and surficial geologic map of the west half of the Sanders 30' x 60' quadrangle, Navajo and Apache Counties, northern Arizona

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amoroso, Lee; Priest, Susan S.; Hiza-Redsteer, Margaret

    2014-01-01

    The bedrock and surficial geologic map of the west half of the Sanders 30' x 60' quadrangle was completed in a cooperative effort of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and the Navajo Nation to provide regional geologic information for management and planning officials. This report provides baseline geologic information that will be useful in future studies of groundwater and surface water resources, geologic hazards, and the distribution of soils and plants. The west half of the Sanders quadrangle encompasses approximately 2,509 km2 (980 mi2) within Navajo and Apache Counties of northern Arizona and is bounded by lat 35°30' to 35° N., long 109°30' to 110° W. The majority of the land within the map area lies within the Navajo Nation. South of the Navajo Nation, private and State lands form a checkerboard pattern east and west of Petrified Forest National Park. In the west half of the Sanders quadrangle, Mesozoic bedrock is nearly flat lying except near folds. A shallow Cenozoic erosional basin that developed about 20 Ma in the western part of the map area cut across late Paleozoic and Mesozoic rocks that were subsequently filled with flat-lying Miocene and Pliocene mudstone and argillaceous sandstone and fluvial sediments of the Bidahochi Formation and associated volcanic rocks of the Hopi Buttes volcanic field. The Bidahochi rocks are capped by Pliocene(?) and Pleistocene fluvial sediments and Quaternary eolian and alluvial deposits. Erosion along northeast-southwest-oriented drainages have exposed elongated ridges of Bidahochi Formation and basin-fill deposits that are exposed through shallow eolian cover of similarly oriented longitudinal dunes. Stokes (1964) concluded that the accumulation of longitudinal sand bodies and the development of confined parallel drainages are simultaneous processes resulting in parallel sets of drainages and ridges oriented along the prevailing southwest wind direction on the southern Colorado Plateau.

  4. Buckling Analysis for Stiffened Anisotropic Circular Cylinders Based on Sanders Nonlinear Shell Theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nemeth, Michael P.

    2014-01-01

    Nonlinear and bifurcation buckling equations for elastic, stiffened, geometrically perfect, right-circular cylindrical, anisotropic shells subjected to combined loads are presented that are based on Sanders' shell theory. Based on these equations, a three-parameter approximate Rayleigh-Ritz solution and a classical solution to the buckling problem are presented for cylinders with simply supported edges. Extensive comparisons of results obtained from these solutions with published results are also presented for a wide range of cylinder constructions. These comparisons include laminated-composite cylinders with a wide variety of shell-wall orthotropies and anisotropies. Numerous results are also given that show the discrepancies between the results obtained by using Donnell's equations and variants of Sanders' equations. For some cases, nondimensional parameters are identified and "master" curves are presented that facilitate the concise representation of results.

  5. Challenging Social Class In American Political Discourse: Bernie Sanders, Occupy Wall Street, and the New Discourse of Inequality

    OpenAIRE

    Hoel, Nora Stranden

    2016-01-01

    This thesis examines how the dominant ideas about social class in American political discourse have been challenged by the rhetoric of the Bernie Sanders campaign in the 2016 presidential primary election. Through critical discourse analysis, I find that Bernie Sanders is the main bearer of a new discourse of inequality in American political and public discourse, which has its roots in the Occupy Wall Street movement in 2011 and previous developing strands from the 1990s and early 2000s.

  6. MOMENTS OF MEETING: THE RELEVANCE OF LOU SANDER'S AND DAN STERN'S CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK FOR UNDERSTANDING THE DEVELOPMENT OF PATHOLOGICAL SOCIAL RELATEDNESS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gaensbauer, Theodore J

    2016-01-01

    Lou Sander and Dan Stern made seminal contributions to our understanding of early child development, particularly in regard to the moment-to-moment intersubjective exchanges and mutual sensitivity that are at the core of the caregiver-infant relationship. Although their own studies focused primarily on the ways in which children's intersubjective experiences of mutual attunement lead to adaptive social relatedness and validate a healthy sense of self, this article focuses on the applicability of their theoretical conceptions to the development of pathological social relations. It explores the premise that the emotional validation derived from recurrent intersubjective experiences of mutual attunement involving negative affects can be as emotionally compelling from the child's standpoint as that derived from positive exchanges. Children's needs to recreate unhealthy, but affectively meaningful, moments with their caregivers can lead to ingrained, automatically operating pathological patterns of social behavior and affective expression that can take on a life of their own and strongly shape the child's subsequent socioemotional functioning. Following an overview of Sander's and Stern's conceptual thinking, developmental research and clinical case material will be utilized to illustrate how their work can enrich our understanding of developmental processes that can contribute to a number of emotion-specific, early relational disturbances. © 2016 Michigan Association for Infant Mental Health.

  7. Historical and anthropogenic factors affecting the population genetic structure of Ontario's inland lake populations of Walleye (Sander vitreus).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walter, Ryan P; Cena, Christopher J; Morgan, George E; Heath, Daniel D

    2012-01-01

    Populations existing in formerly glaciated areas often display composite historical and contemporary patterns of genetic structure. For Canadian freshwater fishes, population genetic structure is largely reflective of dispersal from glacial refugia and isolation within drainage basins across a range of scales. Enhancement of sport fisheries via hatchery stocking programs and other means has the potential to alter signatures of natural evolutionary processes. Using 11 microsatellite loci genotyped from 2182 individuals, we analyzed the genetic structure of 46 inland lake walleye (Sander vitreus) populations spanning five major drainage basins within the province of Ontario, Canada. Population genetic analyses coupled with genotype assignment allowed us to: 1) characterize broad- and fine-scale genetic structure among Ontario walleye populations; and 2) determine if the observed population divergence is primarily due to natural or historical processes, or recent anthropogenic events. The partitioning of genetic variation revealed higher genetic divergence among lakes than among drainage basins or proposed ancestries-indicative of relatively high isolation among lakes, study-wide. Walleye genotypes were clustered into three major groups, likely reflective of Missourian, Mississippian, and Atlantic glacial refugial ancestry. Despite detectable genetic signatures indicative of anthropogenic influences, province-wide spatial genetic structure remains consistent with the hypothesis of dispersal from distinct glacial refugia and subsequent isolation of lakes within primary drainage basins. Our results provide a novel example of minimal impacts from fishery enhancement to the broad-scale genetic structure of inland fish populations.

  8. Pterocarpus santalinus (Red Sanders an Endemic, Endangered Tree of India: Current Status, Improvement and the Future

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    AN Arunkumar

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Pterocarpus santalinus (Family – Fabaceae popularly known as Red Sanders is an endemic species confined to Southern parts of Eastern Ghats of India specially in Andhra Pradesh. Heartwood of Red Sanders has high demand in domestic as well as international market and the wavy grained wood is valued.  Along with its extensive use in furniture, the red dye obtained from the wood is used as colouring agent for textile, medicine and food. The heartwood can accumulate various elements and rare earth elements like strontium cadmium, zinc, copper and uranium. The wood has different uses in traditional and folklore medicines and is used for the treatment of diabetes, prickly heat, skin diseases and for various other ailments. A number of studies have been carried out to anatomically and phenotypicaly screen wavy grain at seedling stage. Morphological variability and genetic diversity studies reveal that Red Sanders harbours enormous variability. Though, macro and micro propagation protocol have been developed, further refinement is required for mass propagation. Andhra Pradesh Forest Department has also initiated different activities under tree improvement programme. Considering the wood demand, restricted distribution, slow regeneration, illegal harvest, trade and habitat destruction, the species has been categorized as endangered by International Union for Conservation of Nature and has been listed in Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora and is also classified as a “reserved tree” under the Andhra Pradesh Preservation of Private Forest Rules, 1978. To revive the past glory of this valuable species, Government agencies, farmers, entrepreneurs and policy makers have to join hands for its protection, sustainable utilization and conservation.

  9. Prediction of Curve Progression in Idiopathic Scoliosis: Validation of the Sanders Skeletal Maturity Staging System.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sitoula, Prakash; Verma, Kushagra; Holmes, Laurens; Gabos, Peter G; Sanders, James O; Yorgova, Petya; Neiss, Geraldine; Rogers, Kenneth; Shah, Suken A

    2015-07-01

    Retrospective case series. This study aimed to validate the Sanders Skeletal Maturity Staging System and to assess its correlation to curve progression in idiopathic scoliosis. The Sanders Skeletal Maturity Staging System has been used to predict curve progression in idiopathic scoliosis. This study intended to validate that initial study with a larger sample size. We retrospectively reviewed 1100 consecutive patients with idiopathic scoliosis between 2005 and 2011. Girls aged 8 to 14 years (spine radiograph on the same day for evaluation of skeletal age and scoliosis curve magnitude were followed to skeletal maturity (Risser stage 5 or fully capped Risser stage 4), curve progression to 50° or greater, or spinal fusion. Patients with nonidiopathic curves were excluded. There were 161 patients: 131 girls (12.3 ± 1.2 yr) and 30 boys (13.9 ± 1.1 yr). The distribution of patients within Sanders stage (SS) 1 through 7 was 7, 28, 41, 45, 7, 31, and 2 patients, respectively; modified Lenke curve types 1 to 6 were 26, 12, 63, 5, 38, and 17 patients, respectively. All patients in SS2 with initial Cobb angles of 25° or greater progressed, and patients in SS1 and SS3 with initial Cobb angles of 35° or greater progressed. Similarly, all patients with initial Cobb angles of 40° or greater progressed except those in SS7. Conversely, none of the patients with initial Cobb angles of 15° or less or those in SS5, SS6, and SS7 with initial Cobb angles of 30° or less progressed. Predictive progression of 67%, 50%, 43%, 27%, and 60% was observed for subgroups SS1/30°, SS2/20°, SS3/30°, SS4/30°, and SS6/35° respectively. This larger cohort shows a strong predictive correlation between SS and initial Cobb angle for probability of curve progression in idiopathic scoliosis. 3.

  10. Susceptibility of pike-perch Sander lucioperca to a panel of ranavirus isolates

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Britt Bang; Holopainen, Riikka; Tapiovaara, Hannele

    2011-01-01

    The host range of ranaviruses was investigated by challenging pike-perch (Sander lucioperca) with the following ranavirus isolates: epizootic haematopoietic necrosis virus (EHNV), European sheatfish virus (ESV), European catfish virus (ECV), pike-perch iridovirus (PPIV), short-finned eel virus...... challenge with EHNV, ESV, ECV and PPIV at 16°C. Statistically significant mortality was observed in EHNV-challenged fish at both temperatures in the five week old fish. No mortalities were seen in older fish challenged with EHNV and PPIV. High mortalities were registered in i.p.-challenged fish...

  11. David Sanders. A Divided Poet: Robert Frost, North of Boston, and the Drama of Disappearance.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tatiani G. Rapatzikou

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available David Sanders in his monograph entitled A Divided Poet: Robert Frost, North of Boston, and the Drama of Disappearance (2011 sheds light on the dilemmas, doubts and personal conflicts Frost confronted while composing his poetic collection North of Boston in which some of his most well-known lyrics, such as “Mending Wall,” “After Apple-Picking,” and “The Wood-Pile,” are contained. This book should be considered alongside a number of other publications either in monograph or essay form that app...

  12. Microgloma Sanders & Allen, 1973 (Nuculanidae and Pristigloma Dall, 1900 (Pristiglomidae (Pelecypoda in the Campos Basin of Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natalia Benaim

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available As a secondary result of oil prospecting in Brazil, samples from the Campos Basin continental slope became available. In these samples, specimens of the genera Microgloma Sanders & Allen, 1973 and Pristigloma Dall, 1900 were found. This contribution provides the southernmost record of the genus Microgloma, the first record of M. mirmidina (Dautzenberg & Fischer 1897 from the western Atlantic, the descriptions of M. macaron sp. n. and M. nhanduti sp. n. as new species, and the shallowest record of Pristigloma alba Sanders & Allen 1973.

  13. Microgloma Sanders & Allen, 1973 (Nuculanidae) and Pristigloma Dall, 1900 (Pristiglomidae) (Pelecypoda) in the Campos Basin off Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benaim, Natalia Pereira; Absalão, Ricardo Silva

    2011-01-01

    Abstract As a secondary result of oil prospecting in Brazil, samples from the Campos Basin continental slope became available. In these samples, specimens of the genera Microgloma Sanders & Allen, 1973 and Pristigloma Dall, 1900 were found. This contribution provides the southernmost record of the genus Microgloma, the first record of Microgloma mirmidina (Dautzenberg & Fischer 1897) from the western Atlantic, the descriptions of Microgloma macaron sp. n. and Microgloma nhanduti sp. n.as new species, and the shallowest record of Pristigloma alba Sanders & Allen 1973. PMID:22287903

  14. Haruki Murakami’s Deconstructive Reading of the Myth of Johnnie Walker and Colonel Sanders in Kafka on the Shore

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Limanta L. S.

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to analyze how Haruki Murakami reads the real icons of Johnnie Walker and Colonel Sanders in Kafka on the Shore deconstructively. First, we will focus on the signification process of the icon, which are to a great extent molded by advertisements, and then on the deconstruction of their signifieds. For the purpose, we will apply Barthes’ idea of myth. We are also interested in revealing how Murakami constructs Johnnie Walker and Colonel Sanders to be characters in the novel. The analysis shows that the construction of the icons through advertisements leads to the creation of their mtyhs, and then Murakami reads them deconstructively to be opposite signifieds.

  15. Rethinking Hospital-Associated Deconditioning: Proposed Paradigm Shift.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Falvey, Jason R; Mangione, Kathleen K; Stevens-Lapsley, Jennifer E

    2015-09-01

    Physical therapists often treat older adults with marked deficits in physical function secondary to an acute hospitalization. These deficits are often collectively defined as hospital-associated deconditioning (HAD). However, there is a paucity of evidence that objectively demonstrates the efficacy of physical therapy for older adults with HAD. Older adults with HAD represent a highly variable and complex population and thus may be difficult to study and develop effective interventions for using our current rehabilitation strategies. This perspective article outlines an innovative framework to operationalize and treat older adults with HAD. This framework may help therapists apply emerging exercise strategies to this population and facilitate additional research to support the total value of physical therapy for older adults in postacute care settings-with value measured not only by improvements in physical performance but perhaps also by reduced rates of disability development, rehospitalization, and institutionalization. © 2015 American Physical Therapy Association.

  16. Surgical treatment of sanders type 2 calcaneal fractures using a sinus tarsi approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chul Hyun Park

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Calcaneum is the most commonly fractured tarsal bone. The optimal treatment for displaced calcaneus fractures involving the posterior facet is surgical. The extensile lateral approach is commonly preferred because it provides sufficient exposure of the subtalar facet. However, this technique has the risk of complications such as wound necrosis and sural nerve injury. Various minimally invasive approaches, such as sinus tarsi approach, limited posterior approach, and percutaneous approach, have been introduced to reduce possible complications. This study was prospectively performed to evaluate the results of the sinus tarsi approach for Sanders Type 2 calcaneal fractures using postoperative computed tomography (CT. Materials and Methods: Between October 2012 and December 2013, 20 Sanders Type 2 calcaneal fractures were consecutively treated using a sinus tarsi approach and checked using CT preoperatively, immediately postoperatively, and at 12 months after surgery. Clinical evaluations were performed using the visual analog scale (VAS and the ankle-hindfoot score developed by the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS. Radiographic evaluations were performed using calcaneus lateral and axial radiographs, hindfoot alignment radiograph, and CT. Changes in Böhler's angles and calcaneal widths were evaluated both preoperatively and at last followup. Reduction of the posterior facet was graded according to articular step, defect, and angulation of the posterior facet in CT. Results: VAS and AOFAS scores were significantly improved at 1 year after surgery but did not improve further. Böhler's angles and calcaneal widths were significantly improved after surgery. Böhler's angle was significantly smaller at the last followup than immediately after surgery, whereas calcaneal width was maintained. Reduction of the posterior facet was graded excellent in five feet (25%, good in ten (50%, and fair in five (25% on immediately

  17. Ühendused ja lühised Kärdla diiselelektrijaamas / Maris Sander, Margit Tõnson, Kairi Prints

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sander, Maris

    2009-01-01

    Siret Paju asutas DRAKAdeemia (Draamakirjanike akadeemia). Hea Energia Festivalil Hiiumaal Kärdla elektrijaamas mängiti erinevatest teatritest näitlejatega akadeemikute esimest lavastust "Ei teki ega kao" (autorid Kerli Adov, Jaan Aps, Liis Lukk, Hiri Müüripeal, Siim Nurklik, Kaur Riismaa). Maris Sander, Margit Tõnson ja Kairi Prints arvustavad

  18. 77 FR 18791 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; NIST Associates Information System

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-28

    ... National Institute of Standards and Technology Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; NIST Associates Information System AGENCY: National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). ACTION: Notice... Associates Information System (NAIS) information collection instrument(s) are completed by incoming NAs. The...

  19. Naturalizing semiotics: The triadic sign of Charles Sanders Peirce as a systems property

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kilstrup, Mogens

    2015-01-01

    versus specific semiotic scaffolds for molecular biosemiotics, biosemiotics and semiotics proper, I start with a generic definition of the three-dimensional sign system, using human semiosis as examples. After this, the major part of the paper, I define the specific biochemical and evolutionary scaffolds...... without a sign interpreting systems or without some kind of memory function. A sign interpreter will thus harbor a semiotic scaffold that consists of at least an input sensor and an interpreting system coupled to a memory function. Further border conditions for semiotic scaffolds will be introduced......The father of pragmatism, Charles Sanders Peirce, gave in 1903 the following definition of a sign: "A Sign, or Representamen, is a First which stands in such a genuine triadic relation to a Second, called its Object, as to be capable of determining a Third, called its Interpretant, to assume...

  20. Acute Toxicity of Butachlor to Rutilus rutilus caspicus and Sander lucioperca in Vivo Condition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Forouhar Vajargah Mohammad

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Herbicides are used to control weeds and are usually targeted to sites that are specific to plants. Butachlor is an herbicide of the acetanilide class, which is widely used in agricultural fields. At the present study, lethal concentration (LC50 of butachlor was calculated for Rutilus rutilus caspicus and Sander lucioperca with a mean weight of 4 ± 1 g (mean ± SD. Our results indicated that LC50 96 h butachlor for R. rutilus caspicus and S. lucioperca were 0.342 and 0.760 ppm respectively. These findings suggest that butachlor is moderately toxic and moderately irritating for these two species. Clinical symptoms included irregular protrusion of the eyes and irregular swimming.

  1. Biochemical and chemical investigations of pikeperch fingerlings (Sander Lucioperca L. after wintering

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Ivanova

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract. The purpose of the present studywas to investigate some basic biochemical and chemical parameters of pikeperch (Sander lucioperca L. yearlings reared in ponds after wintering. The investigation has been carried out in the Institute of Fisheries and Aquaculture, Plovdiv. The fish included in the study were randomly selected from one pond, with area of 0.40 ha. Blood samples were collected from 10 pikeperches with average weight from 80 to 100 g. Blood biochemical parameters were individually analysed. For hemoglobin determination, blood was anticoagulated with sodium citrate. Samples for body tissue о analysis (without the head and viscera were collected from 4 fish, autoclaved and used for analysis of water content, % (drying at 105 С, 24 h; Bulgarian State Standard – SR ISO 5984, protein content, % (Kjeldahl method, Bulgarian State Standard – SR ISO 5983 semi-automated DK 6 digester unit and UDK 132 o distillation system, Velp Scientifica, fats (% by the method of Smidt-Boudzynski Ratzlaff and ash (% by burning in a muffle furnace at 550 С, BSS – SR ISO -1 -1 -1 6496. The average blood serum total protein was 66.1±0.12 g.l , blood glucose concentration was 92.8±3.42 mg.100 ml (5.15 mmol.l and average -1 hemoglobin content was 44.7±0.33 g.l . The average protein content in analysed fish samples was 16.65±0.23 %. Protein content was the highest among studied dry matter components, followed by the ash (1.97±0.06 % and fat content (0.84±0.03 %. The levels of blood serum total protein, blood glucose and hemoglobin content as well as body composition parameters - water, protein, fat and ash of pikeperch fingerlings (Sander lucioperca L. after wintering reflect the specific equilibrium of plastic and energy substances after the winter period, with no deviations from the reference ranges.

  2. The impact of elevated water ammonia and nitrate concentrations on physiology, growth and feed intake of pikeperch (Sander lucioperca)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schram, E.; Roques, J.A.C.; van Kuijk, T.; Abbink, W.; van de Heul, J.; de Vries, P.; Bierman, S.; van de Vis, H.; Flik, G.

    2014-01-01

    The ammonia (NH3) and nitrate (NO3−) threshold concentrations in rearing water of juvenile pikeperch (Sander lucioperca) were assessed. Pikeperch with an initial mean (SD) weight of 17.7 (4.2) g were exposed to 0.9 (control), 3.6, 5.2, 7.1, 11.2 and 18.9 μM NH3 in the water for 42 days. Plasma NH4+

  3. Microgloma Sanders & Allen, 1973 (Nuculanidae) and Pristigloma Dall, 1900 (Pristiglomidae) (Pelecypoda) in the Campos Basin of Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Natalia Benaim; Ricardo Absalao

    2011-01-01

    As a secondary result of oil prospecting in Brazil, samples from the Campos Basin continental slope became available. In these samples, specimens of the genera Microgloma Sanders & Allen, 1973 and Pristigloma Dall, 1900 were found. This contribution provides the southernmost record of the genus Microgloma, the first record of M. mirmidina (Dautzenberg & Fischer 1897) from the western Atlantic, the descriptions of M. macaron sp. n. and M. nhanduti sp. n. as new species, and the shallow...

  4. O Caso Lonelygirl15 – Charles Sanders Peirce e a Narrativa no Ciberespaço

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vanessa Reis

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available

    O presente trabalho tem como objetivo analisar o seriado Lonelygirl15, exibido no website Youtube de junho de 2006 aos dias atuais. A série simula o videoblog de uma adolescente real mas, após várias evidências e investigações pela web, os espectadores descobrem tratar-se de um programa, com produtores e atores. O artigo busca analisar o processo de dúvida, investigação e estabelecimento de uma nova crença por parte dos usuários, com base nas teorias do filósofo americano Charles Sanders Peirce. Também pretendemos fazer um estudo sobre as novas formas narrativas no ambiente do ciberespaço, com características marcantes de imersão, agência e transforma��ão. Por fim, analisamos o comportamento dos espectadores após a revelação da ficcionalidade da série, com base nas considerações peirceanas acerca de métodos de estabelecimento de crenças.

  5. Localization and seasonal variation of blue pigment (sandercyanin) in walleye (Sander vitreus)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schaefer, Wayne; Schmitz, Mark; Blazer, Vicki S.; Ehlinger, Tim; Berges, John

    2015-01-01

    Several fish species, including the walleye (Sander vitreus), have “yellow” and “blue” color morphs. In S. vitreus, one source of the blue color has been identified as a bili-binding protein pigment (sandercyanin), found in surface mucus of the fish. Little is known about the production of the pigment or about its functions. We examined the anatomical localization and seasonal variation of sandercyanin in S. vitreus from a population in McKim Lake, northwestern Ontario, Canada. Skin sections were collected from 20 fish and examined histologically. Mucus was collected from 306 fish over 6 years, and the amount of sandercyanin was quantified spectrophotometrically. Sandercyanin was found solely on dorsal surfaces of the fish and was localized to novel cells in the epidermis, similar in appearance to secretory sacciform cells. Sandercyanin concentrations were significantly higher in fish collected in summer versus other seasons. Yellow and blue morphs did not differ in amounts of sandercyanin, suggesting that the observed blue color, in fact, arises from lack of yellow pigmentation in blue morphs. The function of the sandercyanin remains unclear, but roles in photoprotection and countershading are consistent with available data.

  6. Development of a bioassay using walleye (Sander vitreus) to assess the toxicity of oil sands sediments

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Turcotte, D.; Yuan, H.; Tumber, V.; Parrott, J. [Environment Canada, Ottawa, ON (Canada); Raine, J. [Saskatchewan Univ., Saskatoon, SK (Canada)

    2010-07-01

    This study examined the effects of sediments from the Athabasca oil sands area on fish development and survival. Walleye (Sander vitreus) which inhabit the Athabasca River are exposed to natural sources of bitumen eroding from the McMurray formation. This study described the design and implementation of a daily-renewal bioassay to evaluate the potential effects of toxicants on walleye development. Eggs were collected and fertilized with milt from spawning wild walleye captured from Lake Diefenbaker in Saskatchewan. The fertilized eggs were exposed to different concentrations of sediments or culture water only (negative controls) until complete yolk absorption of control fish. The walleye embryos were fed brine shrimp daily after hatching and the developing fish were examined for morphological deformities, survival, hatching success, and changes in weight and length between treatments. Organics concentrations in fish tissues and water were measured when possible. Fathead minnows and northern pikes will also be exposed to the same sediments in order to compare the relative sensitivity of the three species.

  7. In vitro micropropagation of Dracaena sanderiana Sander ex Mast: An important indoor ornamental plant.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aslam, Junaid; Mujib, Abdul; Sharma, Maheshwar Prasad

    2013-01-01

    A protocol has been developed for in vitro plant regeneration from a nodal explant of Dracaena sanderiana Sander ex Mast. Nodal explant showed high callus induction potentiality on MS medium supplemented with 6.78 μM 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) followed by 46.5 μM chlorophenoxy acetic acid (CPA). The highest frequency of shoot regeneration (85%) and number of shoots per explant (5.6) were obtained on medium supplemented with 7.84 μM N(6)-benzylaminopurine (BA). Rooting was high on MS solid compared to liquid medium when added with 7.38 μM indole-3-butyric acid (IBA). Fifty percent of the roots were also directly rooted as microcuttings on soil rite, sand and peat mixture (1:1:1). In vitro and ex vitro raised plantlets were used for acclimatization. More than 90% of the plantlets was successfully acclimatized and established in plastic pots. Ex vitro transferred plantlets were normal without any phenotypic aberrations.

  8. Sexual difference in PCB concentrations of walleyes (Sander vitreus) from a pristine lake

    Science.gov (United States)

    Madenjian, C.P.; Hanchin, P.A.; Chernyak, S.M.; Begnoche, L.J.

    2009-01-01

    We determined polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) concentrations in 15 adult female walleyes (Sander vitreus) and 15 adult male walleyes from South Manistique Lake (Michigan, United States), a relatively pristine lake with no point source inputs of PCBs. By measuring PCB concentration in gonads and in somatic tissue of the South Manistique Lake fish, we also estimated the expected change in PCB concentration due to spawning for both sexes. To determine whether gross growth efficiency differed between the sexes, we applied bioenergetics modeling. Results showed that, on average, adult males were 34% higher in PCB concentration than adult females in South Manistique Lake. Results from the PCB determinations of the gonads and somatic tissues revealed that shedding of the gametes led to 1% and 5% increases in PCB concentration for males and females, respectively. Therefore, shedding of the gametes could not explain the higher PCB concentration in adult male walleyes. Bioenergetics modeling results indicated that the sexual difference in PCB concentrations of South Manistique Lake walleyes was attributable, at least in part, to a sexual difference in gross growth efficiency (GGE). Adult female GGE was estimated to be up to 17% greater than adult male GGE.

  9. 78 FR 22901 - United States v. Chiropractic Associates, Ltd. of South Dakota Proposed Final Judgment and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-17

    ... Antitrust Division United States v. Chiropractic Associates, Ltd. of South Dakota Proposed Final Judgment... States of America v. Chiropractic Associates Ltd, of South Dakota, (CASD), Civil Case No. 13-CV-4030-LLP... same time as the Complaint, enjoins CASD from establishing prices or terms for chiropractic services...

  10. Paraneoplastic Pemphigus and Autoimmune Blistering Diseases Associated with Neoplasm: Characteristics, Diagnosis, Associated Neoplasms, Proposed Pathogenesis, Treatment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kartan, Saritha; Shi, Vivian Y; Clark, Ashley K; Chan, Lawrence S

    2017-02-01

    Autoimmune paraneoplastic and neoplasm-associated skin syndromes are characterized by autoimmune-mediated cutaneous lesions in the presence of a neoplasm. The identification of these syndromes provides information about the underlying tumor, systemic symptoms, and debilitating complications. The recognition of these syndromes is particularly helpful in cases of skin lesions presenting as the first sign of the malignancy, and the underlying malignancy can be treated in a timely manner. Autoimmune paraneoplastic and neoplasm-associated bullous skin syndromes are characterized by blister formation due to an autoimmune response to components of the epidermis or basement membrane in the context of a neoplasm. The clinical manifestations, histopathology and immunopathology findings, target antigens, associated neoplasm, current diagnostic criteria, current understanding of pathogenesis, and treatment options for a selection of four diseases are reviewed. Paraneoplastic pemphigus manifests with clinically distinct painful mucosal erosions and polymorphic cutaneous lesions, and is often associated with lymphoproliferative neoplasm. In contrast, bullous pemphigoid associated with neoplasm presents with large tense subepidermal bullae of the skin, and mild mucosal involvement, but without unique clinical features. Mucous membrane pemphigoid associated with neoplasm is a disorder of chronic subepithelial blisters that evolve into erosions and ulcerations that heal with scarring, and involves stratified squamous mucosal surfaces. Linear IgA dermatosis associated with neoplasm is characterized by annularly grouped pruritic papules, vesicles, and bullae along the extensor surfaces of elbows, knees, and buttocks. Physicians should be aware that these autoimmune paraneoplastic and neoplasm-associated syndromes can manifest distinct or similar clinical features as compared with the non-neoplastic counterparts.

  11. Projected impacts of federal tax policy proposals on mortality burden in the United States: A microsimulation analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Daniel

    2017-10-21

    The public health consequences of federal income tax policies that influence income inequality are not well understood. I aimed to project the impacts on mortality of modifying federal income tax structures based on proposals by two recent United States (U.S.) Presidential candidates: Donald Trump and Senator Bernie Sanders. I performed a microsimulation analysis using the latest U.S. Internal Revenue Service public-use tax file with state identifiers (2008 tax year), containing nationally-representative data from 139,651 tax returns. I considered five tax plan scenarios: 1) actual 2008 tax structures; proposals in 2016 by then-candidates 2) Trump and 3) Sanders; 4) a modified Sanders plan with higher top tax rates (75%); and 5) a modified Sanders plan with higher top rates plus revenue redistribution to lower-income households (Trump and Sanders plans, respectively. Under the modified Sanders plan including higher top rates, 68,919 (95% CI: 25,221-113,561) fewer deaths/year are projected. Under the modified Sanders plan with redistribution, 333,504 (95% CI: 192,897-473,787) fewer deaths/year are expected. Policies that both raise federal income tax rates and redistribute tax revenue could confer large reductions in the total number of annual deaths among Americans. In this era of high income inequality and growing public support to address the rich-poor gap, policymakers should consider joint federal tax and redistributive policies as levers to reduce the burden of mortality in the United States. Copyright © 2017 The Author. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  12. Great cormorant (Phalacrocorax carbo predation on pikeperch (Sander lucioperca L. in shallow eutrophic lakes in Poland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Traczuk Piotr

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Increases in the population abundance of the piscivorous great cormorant (Phalacrocorax carbo has led to conflicts with fisheries. Cormorants are blamed for decreased fish catches in many lakes in Poland. The aim of this paper is to describe to role of pikeperch (Sander lucioperca in the diet of cormorants nesting in a colony on the island in Lake Warnołty. Since the breeding colony is located in the vicinity of Lake OEniardwy, the largest lake in Poland, the cormorants use the resources in this lake. In 2009-2016, 18,432 regurgitated fish were collected, of which 593 were pikeperch. The share of pikeperch among fish collected in 2009-2012 did not exceed 2%, but from 2013 this increased substantially to maximum of 38.2% in 2015. The smallest pikeperch had a standard length of 8.4 cm, and the largest 42.5 cm. Pikeperch mean length differed by year, and the length distribution was close to normal. The sizes of the regurgitated pikeperch indicate that cormorants prey almost exclusively on juvenile specimens. The results of the present study indicate that cormorant predation has a significant impact on pikeperch populations in lakes in the vicinity of the colony, and the great cormorants are possibly a significant factor in the effectiveness of pikeperch management. When planning for the management of fish populations in lakes subjected to cormorant predation pressure, it should be borne in mind that predation by this piscivorous bird species impacts the abundance and size-age structure of fish populations.

  13. Impact of di-n-butyl phthalate on reproductive system development in European pikeperch (Sander lucioperca

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sylwia Jarmołowicz

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Phthalic acid, di-n-butyl ester known as di-n-butyl phthalate, is an organic chemical compound that belongs to the group of endocrine disruptor compounds that have a documented negative impact on mammalian endocrine systems. Di-n-butyl phthalate is used widely as a plasticizer in the manufacture of artificial materials, which is why it is found in all types of environmental samples including those from water basins. The aim of the study was to describe the impact of di-n-butyl phthalate on the development of the reproductive system of European pikeperch (Sander lucioperca during the sex differentiation period (age 61–96 days post hatch. A total of 240 fish were divided into 6 groups (40 fish per tank. Treatments consisted of a control group (0 g di-n-butyl phthalate·kg-1 feed and five trial groups with 0.125, 0.25, 0.5, 1, and 2 g di-n-butyl phthalate·kg-1 feed, respectively. Histological changes of the fish gonads, sex ratio, survival and growth of fish were evaluated. Di-n-butyl phthalate seriously disturbed sex differentiation process of pikeperch. Histopathological analyses revealed that the administration of 2 g di-n-butyl phthalate·kg-1 significantly affected the sex ratio. The feminization process (intersex gonads at concentrations of 1 g and 2 g di-n-butyl phthalate·kg-1 were observed. All analyzed concentrations delayed testicular development. Phthalate did not have a significant impact on the survival or growth rates of the pikeperch. This is the first report of disruption sex differentiation processes in fish by di-n-butyl phthalate.

  14. 78 FR 79485 - United States v. Gannett Co., Inc., Belo Corp., and Sander Media LLC; Proposed Final Judgment and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-30

    ... fact makes the pricing of spots very responsive to changes in demand. During so-called political years, for example, political advertisements crowd out commercial advertising and makes the spots available...; agreements to provide financing or guarantees for financing; local marketing agreements, joint sales...

  15. 77 FR 37959 - Financial Management Service; Proposed Collection of Information: Pools and Associations-Annual...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-25

    ... Fiscal Service Financial Management Service; Proposed Collection of Information: Pools and Associations--Annual Letter AGENCY: Financial Management Service, Fiscal Service, Treasury. ACTION: Notice and request for comments. SUMMARY: The Financial Management Service, as part of its continuing effort to reduce...

  16. Neurobehavioral Disorder Associated with Prenatal Alcohol Exposure (ND-PAE): Proposed DSM-5 Diagnosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kable, Julie A; O'Connor, Mary J; Olson, Heather Carmichael; Paley, Blair; Mattson, Sarah N; Anderson, Sally M; Riley, Edward P

    2016-04-01

    Over the past 40 years, a significant body of animal and human research has documented the teratogenic effects of prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE). Neurobehavioral Disorder associated with PAE is proposed as a new clarifying term, intended to encompass the neurodevelopmental and mental health symptoms associated with PAE. Defining this disorder is a necessary step to adequately characterize these symptoms and allow clinical assessment not possible using existing physically-based diagnostic schemes. Without appropriate diagnostic guidelines, affected individuals are frequently misdiagnosed and treated inappropriately (often to their considerable detriment) by mental health, educational, and criminal justice systems. Three core areas of deficits identified from the available research, including neurocognitive, self-regulation, and adaptive functioning impairments, are discussed and information regarding associated features and disorders, prevalence, course, familial patterns, differential diagnosis, and treatment of the proposed disorder are also provided.

  17. Proposal for the development of 3D Vertically Integrated Pattern Recognition Associative Memory (VIPRAM)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Deptuch, Gregory; Hoff, Jim; Kwan, Simon; Lipton, Ron; Liu, Ted; Ramberg, Erik; Todri, Aida; Yarema, Ray; /Fermilab; Demarteua, Marcel,; Drake, Gary; Weerts, Harry; /Argonne /Chicago U. /Padua U. /INFN, Padua

    2010-10-01

    Future particle physics experiments looking for rare processes will have no choice but to address the demanding challenges of fast pattern recognition in triggering as detector hit density becomes significantly higher due to the high luminosity required to produce the rare process. The authors propose to develop a 3D Vertically Integrated Pattern Recognition Associative Memory (VIPRAM) chip for HEP applications, to advance the state-of-the-art for pattern recognition and track reconstruction for fast triggering.

  18. Naturalizing semiotics: The triadic sign of Charles Sanders Peirce as a systems property.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kilstrup, Mogens

    2015-12-01

    The father of pragmatism, Charles Sanders Peirce, gave in 1903 the following definition of a sign: "A Sign, or Representamen, is a First which stands in such a genuine triadic relation to a Second, called its Object, as to be capable of determining a Third, called its Interpretant, to assume the same triadic relation to its Object in which it stands itself to the same Object. The triadic relation is genuine, that is its three members are bound together by it in a way that does not consist in any complexus of dyadic relations". Despite its cult status and its pragmatic foundation, the Peircean sign has never revealed its true potential by being integrated into a formal system. In the present report, a reconstruction of the sign model is presented, which may at first appear somewhat obvious and superficial. However by use of the reconstructed model, the above statement and the majority of Peirce's other statements about the nature of signs fall into place. Instead of defining three links between Object (O), Representamen (R), and Interpretant (I), the sign is described as having a single three-dimensional link, specifying its location in a three dimensional (O,R,I) linkage space. To understand and explain sign function, the process of sign utilization (semiosis) has to be divided into two temporally separated phases, a sign-establishment phase where a three-dimensional link (Ψ(O,R,I)) is formed between three sign elements, and a later sign-interpretation phase where the established linkage is used for inferring significance to a novel phenomenon, if this satisfies the criteria for being a Representamen for the sign. Numerous statements from Peirce indicate that he used a two-staged semiosis paradigm although he did not state that explicitly. The three-dimensional model was primarily constructed for use in biosemiotics, as an exploratory frame for mapping the evolutionary establishment of sign links, which logically must have preceded the fixation of any regulatory

  19. Tratamento cirúrgico de fraturas intra-articulares de calcâneo sanders II e III: revisão sistemática Surgical treatment of intraarticular calcaneous fractures of sanders' types II and III: systematic review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriano Augusto Antoniazzi Pelliccioni

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Identificar técnica cirúrgica com melhor resultado para tratamento de fraturas intra-articulares do calcâneo tipo Sanders II e III. MÉTODOS: Revisão sistemática da literatura de estudos clínicos randomizados comparativos de cirurgias de fraturas intra-articulares do calcâneo Sanders II e III, avaliados pelo questionário da American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS. Os estudos foram identificados e recuperados nas bases de dados LILACS, MEDLINE/Pubmed, Biblioteca Cochrane, SciELO, Embase, Science Direct, Scopus, Journals@Ovid, ISI Web of Knowledge, Evidence Based Medicine, além de consulta às referências dos estudos acessados. RESULTADOS: foram identificados três trabalhos randomizados avaliando três técnicas cirúrgicas: fixador externo, fixação percutânea com fio de Kirschner e fixação com parafuso canulado. Todas as técnicas compararam tratamento com redução aberta e fixação com placa e parafuso. Obteve-se as seguintes médias (AOFAS: 86,23 (placa e parafuso, 88,2 (fixação externa, 90,6 (fixação percutânea com fio de Kirschner e 87,2 (fixação com parafuso canulado. CONCLUSÃO: fixação percutânea com fio de Kirschner apresentou melhores resultados e menor número de complicações, porém as evidências são insuficientes para afirmar superioridade desse tratamento em relação a outras técnicas cirúrgicas.OBJECTIVE: This paper's aim is to compare and figure out what is the most effective surgical technique for Sanders II and III intrarticular fractures. METHODS: Clinical comparative randomized clinical trial on surgical treatment of the intrarticular fractures of the calcaneus (Sanders types II and III were evaluated by questionnaire of the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society. The identification and search of the studies used the following databases - LILACS, MEDLINE/PubMed, Cochrane Library, SciELO, EMBASE, Science Direct, Scopus, Journals@Ovid, ISI Web of Knowledge, Evidence

  20. Dr Margaretha Brongersma-Sanders (1905-1996), Dutch scientist: an annotated bibliography of her work to celebrate 100 years since her birth

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Turner, S.; Cadée, G.C.

    2006-01-01

    Dr Margaretha Brongersma-Sanders, palaeontologist, pioneer geochemist, geobiologist and oceanographer, Officer of the Order of Oranje Nassau was born 100 years ago (February 20th, 1905) in Kampen in The Netherlands. The fields of research that she covered during her lifetime include taxonomy of

  1. Classification of healthcare-associated infection: a systematic review 10 years after the first proposal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cardoso, Teresa; Almeida, Mónica; Friedman, N Deborah; Aragão, Irene; Costa-Pereira, Altamiro; Sarmento, António E; Azevedo, Luís

    2014-03-06

    Ten years after the first proposal, a consensus definition of healthcare-associated infection (HCAI) has not been reached, preventing the development of specific treatment recommendations. A systematic review of all definitions of HCAI used in clinical studies is made. The search strategy focused on an HCAI definition. MEDLINE, SCOPUS and ISI Web of Knowledge were searched for articles published from earliest achievable data until November 2012. Abstracts from scientific meetings were searched for relevant abstracts along with a manual search of references from reports, earlier reviews and retrieved studies. The search retrieved 49,405 references: 15,311 were duplicates and 33,828 were excluded based on title and abstract. Of the remaining 266, 43 met the inclusion criteria. The definition more frequently used was the initial proposed in 2002--in infection present at hospital admission or within 48 hours of admission in patients that fulfilled any of the following criteria: received intravenous therapy at home, wound care or specialized nursing care in the previous 30 days; attended a hospital or hemodialysis clinic or received intravenous chemotherapy in the previous 30 days; were hospitalized in an acute care hospital for ≥2 days in the previous 90 days, resided in a nursing home or long-term care facility. Additional criteria founded in other studies were: immunosuppression, active or metastatic cancer, previous radiation therapy, transfer from another care facility, elderly or physically disabled persons who need healthcare, previous submission to invasive procedures, surgery performed in the last 180 days, family member with a multi-drug resistant microorganism and recent treatment with antibiotics. Based on the evidence gathered we conclude that the definition initially proposed is widely accepted. In a future revision, recent invasive procedures, hospitalization in the last year or previous antibiotic treatment should be considered for inclusion in the

  2. Proposed Pathophysiologic Framework to Explain Some Excess Cardiovascular Death Associated with Ambient Air Particle Pollution: Insights for Public Health Translation

    Science.gov (United States)

    The paper proposes a pathophysiologic framework to explain the well-established epidemiological association between exposure to ambient air particle pollution and premature cardiovascular mortality, and offers insights into public health solutions that extend beyond regularory en...

  3. Income inequality and physical and mental health: testing associations consistent with proposed causal pathways

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zimmerman, Frederick J; Bell, Janice F

    2006-01-01

    Objectives To test associations between individual health outcomes and ecological variables proposed in causal models of relations between income inequality and health. Design Regression analysis of a large, nationally representative dataset, linked to US census and other county and state level sources of data on ecological covariates. The regressions control for individual economic and demographic covariates as well as relevant potential ecological confounders. Setting The US population in the year 2000. Participants 4817 US adults about age 40, representative of the US population. Main outcome measures Two outcomes were studied: self reported general health status, dichotomised as “fair” or “poor” compared with “excellent”, “very good”, or “good”, and depression as measured by a score on the Center for Epidemiologic Studies depression instrument >16. Results State generosity was significantly associated with a reduced odds of reporting poor general health (OR 0.84, 95%CI: 0.71 to 0.99), and the county unemployment rate with reduced odds of reporting depression (OR 0.91, 95%CI: 0.84 to 0.97). The measure of income inequality is a significant risk factor for reporting poor general health (OR 1.98, CI: 1.08 to 3.62), controlling for all ecological and individual covariates. In stratified models, the index of social capital is associated with reduced odds of reporting poor general health among black people and Hispanics (OR 0.40, CI: 0.18 to 0.90), but not significant among white people. The inequality measure is significantly associated with reporting poor general health among white people (OR 2.60, CI: 1.22 to 5.56) but not black people and Hispanics. Conclusions The effect of income inequality on health may work through the influence of invidious social comparisons (particularly among white subjects) and (among black subjects and Latinos) through a reduction in social capital. Researchers may find it fruitful to recognise the cultural

  4. Atmospheric pollution problems and control proposals associated with solid waste management in China: a review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tian, Hezhong; Gao, Jiajia; Hao, Jiming; Lu, Long; Zhu, Chuanyong; Qiu, Peipei

    2013-05-15

    Along with population growth, rapid urbanization and industrialization process, the volume of municipal solid waste (MSW) generation in China has been increasing sharply in the past 30 years and the total amount of MSW yields will continue to increase. Nowadays, due to global warming warrants particular attention throughout the world, a series of air pollutants (including greenhouse gases, odorous gases, PCDD/Fs, heavy metals, PM, etc.) discharged from waste disposal and treatment processes have become one of the new significant emerging air pollution sources, which arousing great concerns about their adverse effects on surrounding ambient air quality and public health. At present, the overall safely disposed ratio of the collected MSW in China is reported at approximately 78% in 2010, and there are mainly three types of MSW disposal methods practiced in China, including landfill, composting and incineration. The characteristics of air pollutants and greenhouse gases discharge vary substantially among different MSW disposal methods. By presenting a thorough review of MSW generation in China and providing a summarization of the current status of MSW disposal methods practices, this review article makes an integrated overview analysis of existing air pollution problems associated with MSW collection, separation, and disposal processes. Furthermore, some comprehensive control proposals to prevent air pollution for improving MSW management of China in the future are put forward. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  5. Microbiological properties and biogenic amines of whole pike-perch (Sander lucioperca, linnaeus 1758): a perspective on fish safety during postharvest handling practices and frozen storage.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ehsani, Ali; Jasour, Mohammad Sedigh

    2012-12-01

    The biogenic amines (tyramine, histamine, cadaverine, and puterscine) and microbiological properties (mesophilic, psychrotrophic, and Pseudomonas spp.) of whole pike-perch (Sander lucioperca) was investigated during 2 d prestorage icing and 90 d frozen storage (-24 °C). At the end of ice storage, a noticeable increase only was found for puterscine level (P consumed without any health risks after 2 d icing condition and 90 d frozen storage. © 2012 Institute of Food Technologists®

  6. Diet and prey selection of pikeperch (Sander lucioperca Linnaeus, 1758 population in Lake Eğirdir (Turkey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yağci M.A.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The diet and prey selection of pikeperch (Sander lucioperca L., 1758 were assessed by determining the frequency of occurrence, numeric and weight percentages, and the index of relative importance (IRI% between January 2010 and December 2010 in Lake Eğirdir, Turkey. Pearre’s index was used to estimate diet selectivity, while the Schoener Overlap Index was utilized to compare diets. The stomach contents of 241 S. lucioperca were analyzed. Pikeperch diet included prey fish, insects and other organisms. The diet was predominantly fish, consisting of Atherina boyeri, Knipowitschia caucasica, Aphanius anatoliae, Seminemacheilus ispartensis and Carassius gibelio. A. boyeri was the most abundant prey fish in the lake; it was a positively selected food item (V= 0.130, X2= 3.359, p> 0.05 and was not statistically significant. C. gibelio also inhabits the lake, but was not preferred by pikeperch (V=0.134, X2= 3.582, p> 0.05. In addition, A. anatoliae (V=-0.223, X2=9.977, p50 cm in length pikeperch. Cannibalism was not evident during a decade, due to there being enough food for pikeperch in the lake.

  7. “Let Me Tell You...”: Audience Engagement Strategies in the Campaign Speeches of Trump, Clinton, and Sanders

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Джастин Куам

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Throughout the 2016 campaign, presidential candidate Donald Trump surprised observers with his ability to maintain his popularity in the face of unorthodox and often offensive statements. Trump likely bolstered his electoral chances by appealing to a large segment of voters with whom other candidates failed to align themselves. To quote one news anchor, “People tried to attack Trump; it just didn’t work - voters liked him anyway”. As previous work by Miller (2002; 2004 has shown, systemic functional linguistic (SFL analysis (Halliday & Matthiessen, 2004 can illuminate particular strategies politicians employ to strengthen their arguments and exhort their audiences to join their efforts. In this paper, we employ the SFL-based Engagement framework (White, 2003; Martin & White, 2005 to examine ways in which the 2016 presidential candidates aligned themselves with their audiences. Our analysis of the speeches of Donald Trump, Hillary Clinton, and Bernie Sanders reveals markedly different patterns of interaction with the voters in terms of ways expansive and contractive dialogic strategies are used, an intended audience is identified and thematized, and shared assumptions are made. While Trump makes his arguments in a highly constrained dialogic space, taking the agreement with the audience for granted, his opponents often employ a mix of contractive and expansive argumentative strategies and make more explicit overtures to the audiences whose perspectives they share. This study offers insights as to how each candidate identifies and addresses his or her ideological sympathizers or opponents and exhorts the former to intensify their support.

  8. Impact of sex and diet on hematological and blood plasma biochemical profiles and liver histology of pikeperch (Sander lucioperca (L.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zakęś Zdzisław

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the study was to determine the impact of diet and sex on the hematological and blood plasma biochemical profiles and the liver histology of pikeperch, Sander lucioperca (L. reared in recirculating aquaculture systems (RAS (initial mean body weight (BW 1.35 kg. The proximate composition of the two commercial feeds used were (protein/lipid/nitrogen-free extracts (P/L/NFE P505/L118/NFE294 g kg−1 (group I and P471/L141/NFE290 g kg−1 (group II. Neither diet nor sex had a significant impact on final fish body weight (≈ 2.0 kg. Sex was noted to significantly impact glucose content (Glu – higher in males and cholesterol (Chol – higher in females in the blood plasma. Diet was confirmed to have a significant impact on levels of hematocrit (Ht, hemoglobin (Hb, and mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH, and the values of these indicators were higher in group I. Sex had a significant impact on Ht, Hb, MCH, and mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC, with higher values in male pikeperch. Diet and sex had significant impacts on the values of the pikeperch hepatosomatic index (HSI, hepatocyte size and that of their nuclei, and the values of the nucleocytoplasmic index (NCI.

  9. Spawning site fidelity and apparent annual survival of walleye (Sander vitreus) differ between a Lake Huron and Lake Erie tributary

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hayden, Todd A.; Binder, Thomas; Holbrook, Christopher; Vandergoot, Christopher; Fielder, David G.; Cooke, Steven J.; Dettmers, John M.; Krueger, Charles C.

    2018-01-01

    Fidelity to spawning habitats can maximise reproductive success of fish by synchronising movements to sites of previous recruitment. To determine the role of reproductive fidelity in structuring walleye Sander vitreus populations in the Laurentian Great Lakes, we used acoustic telemetry combined with Cormack–Jolly–Seber capture–recapture models to estimate spawning site fidelity and apparent annual survival for the Tittabawassee River in Lake Huron and Maumee River in Lake Erie. Walleye in spawning condition were tagged from the Tittabawassee River in Lake Huron and Maumee River in Lake Erie in 2011–2012. Site fidelity and apparent annual survival were estimated from return of individuals to the stream where tagged. Site fidelity estimates were higher in the Tittabawassee River (95%) than the Maumee River (70%) and were not related to sex or fish length at tagging. Apparent annual survival of walleye tagged in the Tittabawassee did not differ among spawning seasons but was higher for female than male walleye and decreased linearly as fish length increased. Apparent annual survival of walleye tagged in the Maumee River did not differ among spawning seasons but was higher for female walleye than male walleye and increased linearly as fish length increased. Greater fidelity of walleye tagged in the Tittabawassee River than walleye tagged in the Maumee River may be related to the close proximity to the Maumee River of other spawning aggregations and multiple spawning sites in Lake Erie. As spawning site fidelity increases, management actions to conserve population structure require an increasing focus on individual stocks.

  10. A Leonard-Sanders-Budiansky-Koiter-Type Nonlinear Shell Theory with a Hierarchy of Transverse-Shearing Deformations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nemeth, Michael P.

    2013-01-01

    A detailed exposition on a refined nonlinear shell theory suitable for nonlinear buckling analyses of laminated-composite shell structures is presented. This shell theory includes the classical nonlinear shell theory attributed to Leonard, Sanders, Koiter, and Budiansky as an explicit proper subset. This approach is used in order to leverage the exisiting experience base and to make the theory attractive to industry. In addition, the formalism of general tensors is avoided in order to expose the details needed to fully understand and use the theory. The shell theory is based on "small" strains and "moderate" rotations, and no shell-thinness approximations are used. As a result, the strain-displacement relations are exact within the presumptions of "small" strains and "moderate" rotations. The effects of transverse-shearing deformations are included in the theory by using analyst-defined functions to describe the through-the-thickness distributions of transverse-shearing strains. Constitutive equations for laminated-composite shells are derived without using any shell-thinness approximations, and simplified forms and special cases are presented.

  11. Environmental factors regulating the recruitment of walleye Sander vitreus and white bass Morone chrysops in irrigation reservoirs

    Science.gov (United States)

    DeBoer, Jason A.; Pope, Kevin L.; Koupal, Keith D.

    2013-01-01

    Understanding the environmental factors that regulate fish recruitment is essential for effective management of fisheries. Generally, first-year survival, and therefore recruitment, is inherently less consistent in systems with high intra- and interannual variability. Irrigation reservoirs display sporadic patterns of annual drawdown, which can pose a substantial challenge to recruitment of fishes. We developed species-specific models using an 18-year data set compiled from state and federal agencies to investigate variables that regulate the recruitment of walleye Sander vitreus and white bass Morone chrysops in irrigation reservoirs in south-west Nebraska, USA. The candidate model set for walleye included only abiotic variables (water-level elevation, minimum daily air temperature during winter prior to hatching, annual precipitation, spring warming rate and May reservoir discharge), and the candidate model set for white bass included primarily biotic variables (catch per unit effort (CPUE) of black crappie Pomoxis nigromaculatus, CPUE of age-0 walleye, CPUE of bluegill Lepomis macrochirus and CPUE of age-3 and older white bass), each of which had a greater relative importance than the single abiotic variable (minimum daily air temperature during winter after hatching). Our findings improve the understanding of the recruitment of fishes in irrigation reservoirs and the relative roles of abiotic and biotic factors.

  12. Trophic ecology of the pikeperch (Sander lucioperca) in its introduced areas: a stable isotope approach in southwestern France.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kopp, Dorothée; Cucherousset, Julien; Syväranta, Jari; Martino, Aurélia; Céréghino, Régis; Santoul, Frédéric

    2009-08-01

    During the last decades, non-native predatory fish species have been largely introduced in European lakes and rivers, calling for detailed information on the trophic ecology of co-existing native and non-native predators. The present study describes the trophic ecology of the introduced pikeperch (Sander lucioperca) in two southwestern French rivers, using stable isotope analysis. Pikeperch could be categorized as a top-predator, and had a significantly higher trophic position (TP, mean+/-SE=4.2+/-0.1) compared to other predatory fish such as the native pike (Esox lucius, TP=3.7+/-0.1) and the introduced European catfish (Silurus glanis, TP=3.8+/-0.1). Most studies of resource use in freshwaters consider predatory fish as ecologically equivalent; however, this study showed that the pikeperch occupied a higher trophic niche compared to other predatory species in the Lot and Tarn rivers (Garonne River basin). This apparent specialization may thus have consequences upon interspecific relationships within the predatory guild and upon the functional organization of biological communities.

  13. 75 FR 27789 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Application for the Pharmacology Research Associate Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-18

    ... projects to be submitted to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) for review and approval. Proposed... program is to develop leaders in pharmacological research for key positions in academic, industrial, and...

  14. Aprender versus ensinar: Charles Sanders Peirce e a universidade americana do final do século XIX

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lauro Frederico Barbosa da Silveira

    1982-12-01

    Full Text Available A produção científica e filosófica de Charles Sanders PEIRCE (1839-1914, exigindo como critério para o trabalho intelectual e para a conduta da vida do pensador o absoluto rigor na construção dos conceitos e a estrita verificação experimental, teve por conseqüência desvincular o trabalho científico e filosófico de qualquer função apologética. A afirmação de que todo conhecimento do mundo da experiência e mesmo daquele elaborado pela matemática é intrinsecamente provável e falível se opôs a todo e qualquer dogmatismo e mesmo ao "a priori" de tradição Kantiana. O interesse pela teoria evolucionista e a coerência inabalável da filosofia e das atitudes de PEIRCE, como professor e pesquisador, encontraram profunda resistência no meio universitário e editorial de seu tempo. Num momento de grave crise na Universidade norte-americana, decorrente das transformações econômicas e políticas ocorridas com a guerra da Secessão (1861-1865, o posicionamento de PEIRCE contribuiu muito provavelmente para sua demissão como professor das Universidades de Harvard e de John Hopkins; para dificultar a publicação de seus escritos e para seu total isolamento nos últimos anos de vida.

  15. 75 FR 1426 - National Futures Association; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of Proposed Rule...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-11

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE...) require that certain audio and video advertisements that appear on the Internet--like similar radio and television advertisements--be submitted to NFA in advance for review and approval. The proposed Interpretive...

  16. 77 FR 12874 - Notice of Segregation of Public Lands in the State of Arizona Associated With the Proposed Mohave...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-02

    ... Bureau of Land Management Notice of Segregation of Public Lands in the State of Arizona Associated With... not the mineral leasing or material sales acts, for a period of 2 years. This segregation is being... Wind Energy North America's Mohave County Wind Farm Project (Proposed Project). This segregation covers...

  17. 77 FR 12873 - Notice of Segregation of Public Lands in the State of Arizona Associated With the Proposed...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-02

    ... Bureau of Land Management Notice of Segregation of Public Lands in the State of Arizona Associated With... not the mineral leasing or material sales acts, for a period of 2 ] years. This segregation is being... Energy, LLC's Quartzsite Solar Energy Project (Proposed Project). This segregation covers approximately 2...

  18. Proposed outcome measures for prospective clinical trials in juvenile idiopathic arthritis-associated uveitis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Heiligenhaus, Arnd; Foeldvari, Ivan; Edelsten, Clive

    2012-01-01

    To develop a set of core outcome measures for use in randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and longitudinal observational studies in juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA)-associated uveitis.......To develop a set of core outcome measures for use in randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and longitudinal observational studies in juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA)-associated uveitis....

  19. Assessing the proposed association between tooth agenesis and taurodontism in 975 paediatric subjects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Calvano Küchler, Erika; De Andrade Risso, Patrícia; De Castro Costa, Marcelo; Modesto, Adriana; Vieira, Alexandre Rezende

    2008-05-01

    An association between tooth agenesis and taurodontism has been suggested. The identification of subpopulations with specific associated dental anomalies (subphenotype) would allow testing of the specific hypothesis that certain genetic factors contribute to the specific subphenotype. This work aims to assess a large cohort to verify if the association between tooth agenesis and taurodontism is present. Panoramic radiographs of 1002 patients were examined and 975 were used in this study. The presence of tooth agenesis and taurodontism was assessed in the study population. The frequency of tooth agenesis was 4.6% and the frequency of taurodontism was 1.6%. There were, however, no observations of concomitant tooth agenesis and taurodontism. Our data do not support the hypothesis that isolated tooth agenesis is associated with isolated taurodontism.

  20. Proposed Mode of Action for Acrolein Respiratory Toxicity Associated with Inhaled Tobacco Smoke.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yeager, R Philip; Kushman, Mary; Chemerynski, Susan; Weil, Roxana; Fu, Xin; White, Marcella; Callahan-Lyon, Priscilla; Rosenfeldt, Hans

    2016-06-01

    This article presents a mode of action (MOA) analysis that identifies key mechanisms in the respiratory toxicity of inhaled acrolein and proposes key acrolein-related toxic events resulting from the inhalation of tobacco smoke. Smoking causes chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder (COPD) and acrolein has been previously linked to the majority of smoking-induced noncancer respiratory toxicity. In contrast to previous MOA analyses for acrolein, this MOA focuses on the toxicity of acrolein in the lower respiratory system, reflecting the exposure that smokers experience upon tobacco smoke inhalation. The key mechanisms of acrolein toxicity identified in this proposed MOA include (1) acrolein chemical reactivity with proteins and other macromolecules of cells lining the respiratory tract, (2) cellular oxidative stress, including compromise of the important anti-oxidant glutathione, (3) chronic inflammation, (4) necrotic cell death leading to a feedback loop where necrosis-induced inflammation leads to more necrosis and oxidative damage and vice versa, (5) tissue remodeling and destruction, and (6) loss of lung elasticity and enlarged lung airspaces. From these mechanisms, the proposed MOA analysis identifies the key cellular processes in acrolein respiratory toxicity that consistently occur with the development of COPD: inflammation and necrosis in the middle and lower regions of the respiratory tract. Moreover, the acrolein exposures that occur as a result of smoking are well above exposures that induce both inflammation and necrosis in laboratory animals, highlighting the importance of the role of acrolein in smoking-related respiratory disease. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Society of Toxicology 2016. This work is written by US Government employees and is in the public domain in the US.

  1. Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis in association with neurofibromatosis type 1: a case report and proposed molecular pathways.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Afshinnia, Farsad; Vega-Warner, Virginia; Killen, Paul

    2013-04-01

    A 42-year-old Caucasian female with history of neurofibromatosis type 1 presented with nephrotic range proteinuria and focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS). On final dose of lisinopril 20 mg/day, protein-creatinine ratio declined to 0.33 within 10 months. We propose the hypothesis that development of FSGS in NF1 may be mediated by activation of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) and mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling pathways secondary to up-regulation of ras proteins due to deficient neurofibromin. Since mTOR signaling pathway is partially mediated through angiotensin-II activation, angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibition may serve as an effective initial treatment beyond anti-proteinuric properties of ACE-inhibitors.

  2. The Proposed ICD-11 Gender Incongruence of Childhood Diagnosis: A World Professional Association for Transgender Health Membership Survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Winter, Sam; De Cuypere, Griet; Green, Jamison; Kane, Robert; Knudson, Gail

    2016-10-01

    ICD-11 (the eleventh edition of the World Health Organization International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems) is due for approval in 2018. For transgender health care, the most important proposals for ICD-11 are as follows: (1) the five ICD-10 diagnoses (most notably Transsexualism and Gender Identity Disorder of Childhood) currently in Chapter 5 (Mental and Behavioural Disorders) will be replaced by two Gender Incongruence diagnoses, one of Adolescence and Adulthood and the other of Childhood (GIC), and (2) these two diagnoses will be located in a new chapter provisionally named Conditions Related to Sexual Health. Debate on the GIC proposal has focused on whether there should be a diagnosis for young children exploring their identity and has drawn on a number of arguments for and against the proposal. The World Professional Association for Transgender Health conducted a survey to examine members' views concerning the GIC proposal, as well as an alternative framework employing non-pathologizing Z Codes. The survey was completed by 241 (32.6 %) out of 740 members. Findings indicated an even split among members regarding the GIC proposal (51.0 % [n = 123] opposing and 47.7 % [n = 115] supporting the proposal). However, non-US members were overall opposed to the proposal (63.9 % [n = 46] opposing, 36.1 % [n = 26] supporting). Across the sample as a whole, and among those expressing a view about Z Codes, there was substantial support for their use in healthcare provision for children with gender issues (35.7 % [n = 86] of the sample supporting vs. 8.3 % [n = 20] rejecting).

  3. A Proposal for Stress Management Using Serious Games Associated to Virtual and Augmented Reality

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renato de Aquino Lopes

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Occupational stress is a serious problem that affects a large number of workers. Regardless financial or social status, age and profession, a person exposed to stress may develop health problems that can interfere with work and his quality of life. Thus, due to absenteeism and reduced productivity, companies lose money when its employees are stressed. In this scenario, it is important that employees use strategies to deal with such drawback. Coping with occupational stress can be basically achieved, in two ways: problem-focused or emotion-focused. Literature shows that strategies which take the needs of individual workers into account have a greater chance of success. On the other hand, computer games, mainly those based upon Virtual and Augmented Reality (VR/AR techniques, offer players some experiences like: relaxation, sense of control, challenges, learning opportunities and immersion. These characteristics can contribute to the control process of occupational stress. The objective of this paper is to propose a new methodology for occupational stress, focused on emotion. In so doing, we use Serious Games and VR/AR techniques, considering particular needs of the employee.

  4. HYDRAULICS, SANDERS COUNTY, MONTANA

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department of Homeland Security — Recent developments in digital terrain and geospatial database management technology make it possible to protect this investment for existing and future projects to...

  5. Bird associations with shrubsteppe plant communities at the proposed reference repository location in southeastern Washington

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schuler, C.A.; Rickard, W.H.; Sargeant, G.A.

    1988-03-01

    This report provides information on te seasonal use of shrubsteppe vegetation by bird species at the RRL. Bird abundance and distribution were studied at the RRL to ensure that the DOE monitored migratory bird species pursuant to the Migratory Bird Treaty Act and to assess potential impacts of site characterization activities on bird populations. Birds were counted on two transects that together sampled an areas of 1.39 km/sup 2/. The relative abundance of birds, species richness, seasonal distribution, and the association of breeding shrubsteppe birds with major vegetation types were determined from Janurary through December 1987. Only 38 species were counted during 82 surveys. Total bird density during the nesting season (March-June) was 42.96 birdskm/sup 2/ and the density for the entire year was 26.74 birdskm/sup 2/. The characteristic nesting birds in shrubsteppe habitats were western meadowlark, sage sparrow, burrowing owl, mourning dove, horned lark, long-billed curlew, lark sparrow, and loggerhead shrike. Western meadowlark and sage sparrows were the most abundant breeding birds with an average density of 11.25 and 7.76 birdskm/sup 2/, respectively. Seasonal distribution of birds varied with species, but most species were present from March to September. Distribution and abunandance of nesting birds were correlated with habitat type. About 63% of the habitat surveyed was sagebrush, 26% was cheatgrass, and 11% was spiny hopsage. Sagebrush habitat supproted a greeater total bird density than cheatgrass or hopsage habitats. Sage sparrows were closely associated with sagebrush habitats, while western meadowlarks showed no strong habitat affinities. 22 refs., 9 figs., 6 tabs

  6. Professional medical associations and their relationships with industry: a proposal for controlling conflict of interest.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rothman, David J; McDonald, Walter J; Berkowitz, Carol D; Chimonas, Susan C; DeAngelis, Catherine D; Hale, Ralph W; Nissen, Steven E; Osborn, June E; Scully, James H; Thomson, Gerald E; Wofsy, David

    2009-04-01

    Professional medical associations (PMAs) play an essential role in defining and advancing health care standards. Their conferences, continuing medical education courses, practice guidelines, definitions of ethical norms, and public advocacy positions carry great weight with physicians and the public. Because many PMAs receive extensive funding from pharmaceutical and device companies, it is crucial that their guidelines manage both real and perceived conflict of interests. Any threat to the integrity of PMAs must be thoroughly and effectively resolved. Current PMA policies, however, are not uniform and often lack stringency. To address this situation, the authors first identified and analyzed conflicts of interest that may affect the activities, leadership, and members of PMAs. The authors then went on to formulate guidelines, both short-term and long-term, to prevent the appearance or reality of undue industry influence. The recommendations are rigorous and would require many PMAs to transform their mode of operation and perhaps, to forgo valuable activities. To maintain integrity, sacrifice may be required. Nevertheless, these changes are in the best interest of the PMAs, the profession, their members, and the larger society.

  7. Distribution, facies, ages, and proposed tectonic associations of regionally metamorphosed rocks in northern Alaska

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dusel-Bacon, C.; Brosge, W.P.; Till, A.B.; Doyle, E.O.; Mayfield, C.F.; Reiser, H.N.; Miller, T.P.

    1989-01-01

    Approximately half of the exposed bedrock in northern Alaska has been regionally metamorphosed. In the southern Brooks Range and on the Seward Peninsula, continental rocks experienced a clockwise pressure-temperature path that evolved during Middle Jurassic to late Early Cretaceous time from the low- to high-temperature subfacies of the blueschist facies and, finally, due to decreasing pressure, evolved to the greenschist facies. Metamorphism in the southern Brooks Range was associated with north-vergent compression along a south-dipping subduction zone that emplaced the oceanic rocks of the Angayucham terrane onto the continental margin. High-pressure metamorphism on the Seward Peninsula probably had a similar origin to that in the southern Brooks Range, but remnants of the overriding plate have not been identified, and the mechanism by which the high-pressure rocks in the two areas were separated is not known. In the Ruby geanticline, glaucophane, attesting to high-pressure metamorphism, is sporadically developed both within the continental rocks of the lower plate and, less commonly, near the base of the overlying oceanic thrust sheets. Although the majority of the metamorphic episodes that affected northern Alaska occurred during the Mesozoic, older episodes have been documented or are suspected in a few areas.

  8. Association between maximal skin dose and breast brachytherapy outcome: a proposal for more rigorous dosimetric constraints.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cuttino, Laurie W; Heffernan, Jill; Vera, Robyn; Rosu, Mihaela; Ramakrishnan, V Ramesh; Arthur, Douglas W

    2011-11-01

    Multiple investigations have used the skin distance as a surrogate for the skin dose and have shown that distances brachytherapy. No publications have yet described the relationship between the actual maximal skin dose and the outcome. The present study analyzed the maximal skin dose delivered and the occurrence of late toxicity in a large cohort of patients with prolonged follow-up. A total of 96 patients treated with breast brachytherapy between 2000 and 2007 for whom complete planning and follow-up data were available were included in the present analysis. The median follow-up was 48 months (range, 24-111). Of the 96 patients, 40 were treated with multicatheter interstitial brachytherapy and 56 with MammoSite. A multivariate statistical analysis was performed to determine the relationship between several dosimetric parameters and patient outcome. The treatment was well tolerated, with 98% of patients experiencing good to excellent cosmesis. Significant late toxicity was uncommon. The maximal dose delivered to the skin was significantly associated with the incidence of any degree of telangiectasia (p = .009) and moderate to severe fibrosis (p = .010). The incidence of late toxicity was significantly increased when the dose to the skin was >4.05 Gy/fraction. The initial skin dose recommendations have been based on safe use and the avoidance of significant toxicity. The results from the present study have suggested that patients might further benefit if more rigorous constraints were applied and if the skin dose were limited to 120% of the prescription dose. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  9. Distribution, facies, ages, and proposed tectonic associations of regionally metamorphosed rocks in northern Alaska

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dusel-Bacon, Cynthia; Brosge, William Peters; Till, Alison B.; Doyle, Elizabeth O.; Mayfield, Charles F.; Reiser, Hillard N.; Miller, Thomas P.

    1989-01-01

    Approximately half of the exposed bedrock in northern Alaska has been regionally metamorphosed. The most widespread metamorphic episode that affected northern Alaska occurred under low-grade, initially high-pressure (blueschist-facies) conditions during Mesozoic time. This episode is thought to have been related to the obduction of one or more oceanic terranes onto the continental margin of North America. Rocks whose metamorphism is considered to have been part of this major episode have an aerial distribution of approximately 10,000 km2 in the southern Brooks Range, 5,000 km2 across much of the Seward Peninsula, and 800 km2 in the Ruby geanticline within the southeastern borderlands of the Yukon-Koyukuk basin. In the southern Brooks Range and on the Seward Peninsula, continental rocks experienced a clockwise pressure-temperature path that evolved during Middle Jurassic to late Early Cretaceous time from the low- to high-temperature subfacies of the blueschist facies and, finally, due to decreasing pressure, evolved to the greenschist facies. Metamorphism in the southern Brooks Range was associated with north-vergent compression along a south-dipping subduction zone that emplaced the oceanic rocks of the Angayucham terrane (represented by klippen of ultramafic rocks and prehnite-pumpellyite-facies metabasite, metatuff, metachert, and metasedimentary rocks) onto the continental margin. The present structural and metamorphic relation between the continental blueschistand greenschist-facies rocks and the structurally overlying lower temperature and pressure oceanic prehnite-pumpellyite-facies rocks to the south indicates that postmetamorphic or late metamorphic down-to-the-south, low-angle extensional faulting has dismembered the upper plate and removed much of the section that originally buried the blueschists. High-pressure metamorphism on the Seward Peninsula probably had a similar origin to that in the southern Brooks Range, but remnants of the overriding plate

  10. Five new species of lichomolgid copepods associated with ascidians from Korea, with proposal of two new genera (Crustacea, Copepoda, Lichomolgidae)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moon, Seong Yong; Kim, Il-Hoi

    2011-09-01

    Five new species of the family Lichomolgidae associated with solitary ascidians are described from the east coast of Korea. Two new genera are proposed: Protomolgus n. gen. to incorpotate Protomolgus duplex n. sp. and P. singularis n. sp., and Dontimolgus n. gen. to incorporate Dontimolgus brevicaudatus n. sp. Protomolgus n. gen. characteristically has a four-segmented female maxilliped and a bipartite mandible. Dontimolgus n. gen. possesses a large, tooth-like process on the first maxillary segment and three spines on the third exopodal segment of leg 3. Other two new species described are Lichomolgus infirmus n. sp. and L. pectinatus n. sp.

  11. Walleye Sander vitreus performance, water quality, and waste production in replicated recirculation aquaculture systems when feeding a low phosphorus diet without fishmeal versus a traditional fishmeal-based diet

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walleye Sander vitreus is a popular sport- and food-fish in areas surrounding the Great Lakes. Walleye are mainly provided as food-fish by limited capture fisheries, but have potential for profitable production to market-size in recirculation aquaculture systems (RAS). Walleye are piscivorous with a...

  12. "Biloxi blues" on näidend saatusest - hõlmamatust ja isepäisest mehhanismist, mida saab alles tagantjärele mõista / Sander Pukk ; intervjueerinud Maria Lee Liivak

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pukk, Sander, 1984-

    2011-01-01

    EMTA Lavakunstikooli 3. kursusel lavastajaks õppiv Sander Pukk Neil Simoni näidendi "Biloxi blues" lavastamisest Tallinna Linnateatris, lavastusest, lavastamise võlust. Mängivad lavakunstikooli 25. lennu üliõpilased ning Tallinna Linnateatri näitlejad, esietendus 2.04.2011

  13. Characterization of a Proposed Dichorhavirus Associated with the Citrus Leprosis Disease and Analysis of the Host Response

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Luis Cruz-Jaramillo

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The causal agents of Citrus leprosis are viruses; however, extant diagnostic methods to identify them have failed to detect known viruses in orange, mandarin, lime and bitter orange trees with severe leprosis symptoms in Mexico, an important citrus producer. Using high throughput sequencing, a virus associated with citrus leprosis was identified, belonging to the proposed Dichorhavirus genus. The virus was termed Citrus Necrotic Spot Virus (CNSV and contains two negative-strand RNA components; virions accumulate in the cytoplasm and are associated with plasmodesmata—channels interconnecting neighboring cells—suggesting a mode of spread within the plant. The present study provides insights into the nature of this pathogen and the corresponding plant response, which is likely similar to other pathogens that do not spread systemically in plants.

  14. Characterization of a Proposed Dichorhavirus Associated with the Citrus Leprosis Disease and Analysis of the Host Response

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cruz-Jaramillo, José Luis; Ruiz-Medrano, Roberto; Rojas-Morales, Lourdes; López-Buenfil, José Abel; Morales-Galván, Oscar; Chavarín-Palacio, Claudio; Ramírez-Pool, José Abrahán; Xoconostle-Cázares, Beatriz

    2014-01-01

    The causal agents of Citrus leprosis are viruses; however, extant diagnostic methods to identify them have failed to detect known viruses in orange, mandarin, lime and bitter orange trees with severe leprosis symptoms in Mexico, an important citrus producer. Using high throughput sequencing, a virus associated with citrus leprosis was identified, belonging to the proposed Dichorhavirus genus. The virus was termed Citrus Necrotic Spot Virus (CNSV) and contains two negative-strand RNA components; virions accumulate in the cytoplasm and are associated with plasmodesmata—channels interconnecting neighboring cells—suggesting a mode of spread within the plant. The present study provides insights into the nature of this pathogen and the corresponding plant response, which is likely similar to other pathogens that do not spread systemically in plants. PMID:25004279

  15. A comprehensive data mining study shows that most nuclear receptors act as newly proposed homeostasis-associated molecular pattern receptors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Luqiao; Nanayakkara, Gayani; Yang, Qian; Tan, Hongmei; Drummer, Charles; Sun, Yu; Shao, Ying; Fu, Hangfei; Cueto, Ramon; Shan, Huimin; Bottiglieri, Teodoro; Li, Ya-Feng; Johnson, Candice; Yang, William Y; Yang, Fan; Xu, Yanjie; Xi, Hang; Liu, Weiqing; Yu, Jun; Choi, Eric T; Cheng, Xiaoshu; Wang, Hong; Yang, Xiaofeng

    2017-10-24

    Nuclear receptors (NRs) can regulate gene expression; therefore, they are classified as transcription factors. Despite the extensive research carried out on NRs, still several issues including (1) the expression profile of NRs in human tissues, (2) how the NR expression is modulated during atherosclerosis and metabolic diseases, and (3) the overview of the role of NRs in inflammatory conditions are not fully understood. To determine whether and how the expression of NRs are regulated in physiological/pathological conditions, we took an experimental database analysis to determine expression of all 48 known NRs in 21 human and 17 murine tissues as well as in pathological conditions. We made the following significant findings: (1) NRs are differentially expressed in tissues, which may be under regulation by oxygen sensors, angiogenesis pathway, stem cell master regulators, inflammasomes, and tissue hypo-/hypermethylation indexes; (2) NR sequence mutations are associated with increased risks for development of cancers and metabolic, cardiovascular, and autoimmune diseases; (3) NRs have less tendency to be upregulated than downregulated in cancers, and autoimmune and metabolic diseases, which may be regulated by inflammation pathways and mitochondrial energy enzymes; and (4) the innate immune sensor inflammasome/caspase-1 pathway regulates the expression of most NRs. Based on our findings, we propose a new paradigm that most nuclear receptors are anti-inflammatory homeostasis-associated molecular pattern receptors (HAMPRs). Our results have provided a novel insight on NRs as therapeutic targets in metabolic diseases, inflammations, and malignancies.

  16. A Bayesian assessment of the mercury and PCB temporal trends in lake trout (Salvelinus namaycush) and walleye (Sander vitreus) from lake Ontario, Ontario, Canada.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Visha, Ariola; Gandhi, Nilima; Bhavsar, Satyendra P; Arhonditsis, George B

    2015-07-01

    Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and total mercury (THg) are two of the most prevalent contaminants, resulting in restrictive advisories on consuming fish from the Laurentian Great Lakes. The goal of this study is to examine the temporal trends of the two contaminants in walleye (Sander vitreus) and lake trout (Salvelinus namaycush) for Lake Ontario. We employed Bayesian inference techniques to parameterize three different strategies of time series analysis: dynamic linear, exponential decay, and mixed-order modeling. Our analysis sheds light on the role of different covariates (length, lipid content) that can potentially hamper the detection of the actual temporal patterns of fish contaminants. Both PCBs and mercury demonstrate decreasing temporal trends in lake trout males and females. Decreasing PCB trends are evident in walleye, but the mean annual mercury levels are characterized by a "wax and wane" pattern, suggesting that specific fish species may not act as bio-indicators for all contaminants. This finding may be attributed to the shifts in energy trophodynamics along with the food web alterations induced from the introduction of non-native species, the intricate nature of the prey-predator interactions, the periodicities of climate factors, and the year-to-year variability of the potentially significant fluxes from atmosphere or sediments. Finally, a meaningful risk assessment exercise will be to elucidate the role of within-lake fish contaminant variability and evaluate the potential bias introduced when drawing inference from pooled datasets. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  17. Including independent estimates and uncertainty to quantify total abundance of fish migrating in a large river system: walleye (Sander vitreus) in the Maumee River, Ohio

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pritt, Jeremy J.; DuFour, Mark R.; Mayer, Christine M.; Kocovsky, Patrick M.; Tyson, Jeffrey T.; Weimer, Eric J.; Vandergoot, Christopher S.

    2013-01-01

    Walleye (Sander vitreus) in Lake Erie is a valuable and migratory species that spawns in tributaries. We used hydroacoustic sampling, gill net sampling, and Bayesian state-space modeling to estimate the spawning stock abundance, characterize size and sex structure, and explore environmental factors cuing migration of walleye in the Maumee River for 2011 and 2012. We estimated the spawning stock abundance to be between 431,000 and 1,446,000 individuals in 2011 and between 386,400 and 857,200 individuals in 2012 (95% Bayesian credible intervals). A back-calculation from a concurrent larval fish study produced an estimate of 78,000 to 237,000 spawners for 2011. The sex ratio was skewed towards males early in the spawning season but approached 1:1 later, and larger individuals entered the river earlier in the season than smaller individuals. Walleye migration was greater during low river discharge and intermediate temperatures. Our approach to estimating absolute abundance and uncertainty as well as characterization of the spawning stock could improve assessment and management of this species, and our methodology is applicable to other diadromous populations.

  18. An assessment of morphometric indices, blood chemistry variables and an energy meter as indicators of the whole body lipid content in Micropterus dolomieu, Sander vitreus and Ictalurus punctatus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mesa, Matthew G.; Rose, Brien P.

    2015-01-01

    The effectiveness of several non-lethal techniques as indicators of total lipid content in smallmouth bass Micropterus dolomieu, walleye Sander vitreus and channel catfish Ictalurus punctatus was investigated. The techniques included (1) the Fulton and relative condition factors, (2) relative mass, (3) plasma indicators of nutritional status (alkaline phosphatase, calcium, cholesterol, protein, triglycerides and glucose) and (4) readings from a hand-held, microwave energy meter. Although simple linear regression analysis showed that lipid content was significantly correlated with several predictor variables in each species, the r2 values for the relations ranged from 0·17 to 0·50 and no single approach was consistent for all species. Only one model, between energy-meter readings and lipid content in I. punctatus, had an r2 value (0·83) high enough to justify using it as a predictive tool. Results indicate that no single variable was an accurate and reliable indicator of whole body lipid content in these fishes, except the energy meter for I. punctatus.

  19. Eğirdir Gölü Sudakları (Sander lucioperca (L., 1758'nın Bazı Popülasyon Özellikleri

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. İZCİ

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Eğirdir Gölü sudaklarının (Sander lucioperca (L.,1758 büyüme, yaş ve cinsiyet kompozisyonunu saptamak amacıyla Mayıs 1997 – Haziran 1998 tarihleri arasında yürütülen bu çalışmada toplam 555 balığın yaş, boy-kütle ilişkisi, cinsiyet kompozisyonları, oransal büyümesi, Von Bertalanffy Büyüme Denklemi ve kondüsyon faktörü incelenmiştir. Cinsiyet oranı %39,1 dişi, %60,9 erkek olarak belirlenen sudak stoğunda, (0+-IV yaşlar arasında balık bulunduğu saptanmıştır. Araştırmada boy-kütle ilişkisi W= 0,022 L2,742 Von Bertalanffy Büyüme Denklemi Lt=156,95 [1 – e-0,045 (t +2,622] ve ortalama kondüsyon faktörü 0,962 ± 0,01 olarak hesaplanmıştır.

  20. Evaluation of health risks associated with proposed ground water standards at selected inactive uranium mill-tailings sites

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hamilton, L.D.; Medeiros, W.H.; Meinhold, A.; Morris, S.C.; Moskowitz, P.D.; Nagy, J.; Lackey, K.

    1989-04-01

    The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has proposed ground water standards applicable to all inactive uranium mill-tailings sites. The proposed standards include maximum concentration limits (MCL) for currently regulated drinking water contaminants, as well as the addition of standards for molybdenum, uranium, nitrate, and radium-226 plus radium-228. The proposed standards define the point of compliance to be everywhere downgradient of the tailings pile, and require ground water remediation to drinking water standards if MCLs are exceeded. This document presents a preliminary description of the Phase 2 efforts. The potential risks and hazards at Gunnison, Colorado and Lakeview, Oregon were estimated to demonstrate the need for a risk assessment and the usefulness of a cost-benefit approach in setting supplemental standards and determining the need for and level of restoration at UMTRA sites. 8 refs., 12 tabs.

  1. Prospective Teachers' Awareness and Expression of Emotions: Associations with Proposed Strategies for Behavioral Management in the Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garner, Pamela W.; Moses, Laurence K.; Waajid, Badiyyah

    2013-01-01

    This research examined whether prospective teachers' emotion regulation styles, dispositional empathy, and conceptions of competent student emotion and behavior were predictive of their attitudes about bullying and proposed responses to peer conflict. Overall, participants perceived physical bullying as more serious than verbal and relational…

  2. Habitat use and migratory behaviour of pikeperch Sander lucioperca in Lithuanian and Latvian waters as inferred from otolith Sr:Ca ratios

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ložys, Linas; Shiao, Jen-Chieh; Iizuka, Yoshiyuki; Minde, Atis; Pūtys, Žilvinas; Jakubavičiūtė, Eglė; Dainys, Justas; Gorfine, Harry; Tzeng, Wann-Nian

    2017-11-01

    Determination of the geographic boundaries that define a stock is a key challenge in fisheries management. Acquiring an understanding of spatial distribution and migration patterns of pikeperch Sander lucioperca populations in the south-eastern Baltic Sea region would help to delineate the stocks and contribute towards sustainable exploitation of the population. In this study, habitat use and migratory behaviour of S. lucioperca were inferred from otolith Sr:Ca ratios obtained via an Electron Probe Micro-Analyzer. S. lucioperca collected from the inland Kaunas City water reservoir, where downstream migration is precluded by a hydro-power plant, consistently showed a freshwater signature in their otoliths throughout their life history. In contrast, those collected from the Baltic Sea and Curonian Lagoon in Lithuania, and the lower reaches of the Daugava River in Latvia had ratios indicative of movement between fresh and brackish water habitats. Although S. lucioperca can inhabit brackish water bodies, they predominantly reside and reproduce in freshwater systems. It is thought that periodic post-spawning migration to the sea during spring is related to better foraging conditions and perhaps as a strategy for shedding ectoparasites. Currently, catch quotas apply only to those S. lucioperca taken from the Curonian Lagoon and not the Baltic Sea. Frequent migration between freshwater habitats and the Baltic Sea suggest that S. lucioperca stocks from a given river/estuary system should be considered as a single management unit despite individual differences in migratory behaviour. The extent to which migration into the Baltic Sea could potentially compromise the effectiveness of catch quotas was the main issue which initiated this study.

  3. Feeding ecology of the walleye (Percidae, Sander vitreus), a resurgent piscivore in Lake Huron (Laurentian Great Lakes) after shifts in the prey community

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pothoven, Steven A.; Madenjian, Charles P.; Höök, Tomas O.

    2017-01-01

    Recovering populations of piscivores can challenge understanding of ecosystem function due to impacts on prey and to potentially altered food webs supporting their production. Stocks of walleye (Percidae, Sander vitreus), an apex predator in the Laurentian Great Lakes, crashed in the mid-1900s. Management efforts led to recovery by 2009, but recovery coincided with environmental and fish community changes that also had implications for the feeding ecology of walleye. To evaluate potential changes in feeding ecology for this apex predator, we assessed diets in the main basin of Lake Huron and in Saginaw Bay, a large embayment of Lake Huron, during 2009–2011. Walleye switched their diets differently in the main basin and Saginaw Bay, with non-native round goby (Gobiidae, Neogobius melanostomus) and rainbow smelt (Osmeridae, Osmerus mordax) more prevalent in diets in the main basin, and invertebrates, yellow perch (Percidae, Perca flavescens) and gizzard shad (Clupeidae, Dorosoma cepedianum) more prevalent in diets in the bay. Feeding strategy plots indicated that there was a high degree of individual specialisation by walleye in the bay and the main basin. Bioenergetic simulations indicated that walleye in Saginaw Bay need to consume 10%–18% more food than a walleye that spends part or all of the year in the main basin, respectively, in order to achieve the same growth rate. The differences in diets between the bay and main basin highlight the flexibility of this apex predator in the face of environmental changes, but changes in diet can alter energy pathways supporting piscivore production.

  4. Fall diets of red-breasted merganser (Mergus serrator) and walleye (Sander vitreus) in Sandusky Bay and adjacent waters of western Lake Erie

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bur, M.T.; Stapanian, M.A.; Bernhardt, G.; Turner, M.W.

    2008-01-01

    Although published studies indicate the contrary, there is concern among many sport anglers that migrating red-breasted mergansers (Mergus serrator) and other waterbirds pose a competitive threat to sport fish species such as walleye (Sander vitreus) in Lake Erie. We quantified the diet of autumn-migrant mergansers and walleye during 1998-2000 in Sandusky Bay and adjacent waters of western Lake Erie. We hypothesized that the diets of both predators would be similar in species composition, but because of different foraging ecologies their diets would differ markedly in size of prey consumed. In addition to predator samples, we used trawl data from the same general area as an index of prey availability. We found that mergansers fed almost exclusively on fish (nine species). Gizzard shad (Dorosoma cepedianum), emerald shiner (Notropis atherinoides) and round goby (Neogobius melanostomus) were consumed in the greatest numbers, most frequently and comprised the greatest biomass. Walleye fed exclusively on fish: gizzard shad, alewife (Alosa psuedoharengus) and emerald shiner were consumed in the greatest numbers, most frequently and comprised the greatest biomass. Diet overlap between mergansers and walleye was 67% by weight and 66% by species frequency. Mean total lengths of gizzard shad, emerald shiner and round goby found in walleye stomachs exceeded those captured in trawls by 47%, on average. Mean total lengths of gizzard shad, emerald shiner and round goby were greater in walleye stomachs than in merganser stomachs. Mean total lengths of emerald shiner and round goby were less in merganser stomachs than in trawls. Our results suggest that although the diets of walleye and mergansers overlapped considerably, mergansers generally consumed smaller fish than walleye. Given the abundance and diversity of prey species available, and the transient nature of mergansers on Lake Erie during migration, we conclude that competition for food between these species is minimal.

  5. Distribution, facies, ages, and proposed tectonic associations of regionally metamorphosed rocks in east- and south-central Alaska

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dusel-Bacon, Cynthia; Csejtey, Bela; Foster, Helen L.; Doyle, Elizabeth O.; Nokleberg, Warren J.; Plafker, George

    1993-01-01

    -grade metamorphism across much of the southern Peninsular and Wrangellia terranes was early to synkinematic with the intrusion of tonalitic and granodioritic plutons of primarily Early and Middle Jurassic age in the Peninsular terrane and Late Jurassic age in the Wrangellia terrane. Areas metamorphosed during the Jurassic episode that crop out near the Border Ranges fault system were subsequently retrograded and deformed in Cretaceous and early Tertiary time during accretion of younger units to the south. North of the Jurassic metamorphic and plutonic complex, low-grade metamorphism affected the rest of the Wrangellia terrane sometime during Jurassic and (or) Cretaceous time.North of the Wrangellia terrane and immediately south of the McKinley and Denali faults, flyschoid rocks, which were deposited within a basin that separated the Wrangellia terrane from the western margin of North America, form a northeastward-tapering wedge. Within the western half of the wedge, flysch and structurally interleaved tectonic fragments were highly deformed and weakly metamorphosed; much of the metamorphism and deformation probably occurred sometime during mid- to Late Cretaceous time. In the eastern half of the wedge, flyschoid rocks form an intermediate-pressure Barrovian sequence (Maclaren metamorphic belt). Metamorphism of the Maclaren metamorphic belt was synkinematic with the Late Cretaceous to earliest Tertiary intrusion of foliated plutons of intermediate composition. Isotopic data suggest metamorphism extended into the early Tertiary and was accompanied by rapid uplift and cooling. Low- to medium-grade metamorphism throughout the wedge was probably associated with the accretion of the outboard Wrangellia terrane, as has been proposed for the Maclaren metamorphic belt.South of the Border Ranges fault system lie variably metamorphosed sequences of oceanic rocks that comprise the successively accreted Chugach, Yakutat, Ghost Rocks, and Prince William terranes. The Chugach terrane consists of

  6. Aplasia cutis congenita of the arm with associated radial dysplasia: case report, review of the literature, and proposed classification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Droubi, Diana; Rothman, Ilene L

    2014-01-01

    Aplasia cutis congenita (ACC), congenital absence of skin, is most common on the scalp but may rarely occur on the trunk and limbs. It is a physical finding that can occur in isolation or as part of a heterogeneous group of syndromes. It can affect localized to widespread areas of absent or atrophic, scarred skin at birth. We report a case of ACC of the distal right forearm associated with radial dysplasia in a newborn boy. According to the Frieden classification of ACC, this case, along with other similar reported cases, highlights the need to adjust the classification scheme commonly used for ACC so that it reflects the associated limb abnormalities with ACC of the extremities. Only five cases describing the association of radial dysplasia with ACC of the arm were found in the literature. Greater awareness of this association may allow for early intervention and better outcomes in children with ACC of the extremities. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  7. En socialistisk farbror mot en krönt, erfaren toppkandidat : En innehållsanalys av New York Times och Washington Posts inramning av Bernie Sanders och Hillary Clinton i demokraternas primärval 2016

    OpenAIRE

    Nilsson, Anton

    2016-01-01

    The study of political communication is an old and diverse field, and the media has been proven to have an effect on their readers. The narratives that they create in their reporting can be as damning as they can be auspicious. Therefore, the study of media and how they frame certain events is as important as it has ever been. The democratic primaries in 2016 were certainly an interesting event. Hillary Clinton, the apparent nominee of the party, faced off against Bernie Sanders, who, in Amer...

  8. Neurodevelopmental disorder associated with prenatal exposure to alcohol (ND-PAE): A proposed diagnostic method of capturing the neurocognitive phenotype of FASD.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kable, Julie A; Mukherjee, Raja A S

    2017-01-01

    Neurobehavioral Disorder associated with Prenatal Alcohol Exposure (ND-PAE) was proposed as a diagnostic formulation intended to capture the range of mental health problems occurring in alcohol-affected individuals with a history of prenatal alcohol exposure. The proposed criteria for the disorder are reviewed as well as various factors considered in the development of the disorder and its associated criteria. The taxonomic research related to the disorder is reviewed with preliminary analyses indicating that clinicians are readily able to agree when applying the diagnostic criteria but that the adaptive functioning criteria may need to be modified to expand its coverage of alcohol-affected individuals and to aid in discriminating these individuals from others not alcohol-affected. Finally, the challenges with translating the diagnosis into European medical and mental healthcare systems are discussed and recommendations for facilitating implementation are made. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  9. Post electrical or lightning injury syndrome: a proposal for an American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statistical Manual formulation with implications for treatment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christopher J Andrews

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available In the past, victims of electrical and lightning injuries have been assessed in a manner lacking a systematic formulation, and against ad hoc criteria, particularly in the area of neuropsychological disability. In this manner patients have, for example, only been partially treated, been poorly or incorrectly diagnosed, and have been denied the full benefit of compensation for their injuries. This paper contains a proposal for diagnostic criteria particularly for the neuropsychological aspects of the post injury syndrome. It pays attention to widely published consistent descriptions of the syndrome, and a new cluster analysis of post electrical injury patients. It formulates a proposal which could be incorporated into future editions of the American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM. The major neuropsychological consequences include neurocognitive dysfunction, and memory subgroup dysfunction, with ongoing consequences, and sometimes including progressive or delayed psychiatric, cognitive, and/or neurological symptoms. The proposed diagnostic criteria insist on a demonstrated context for the injury, both specifying the shock circumstance, and also physical consequences. It allows for a certain delay in onset of symptoms. It recognizes exclusory conditions. The outcome is a proposal for a DSM classification for the post electrical or lightning injury syndrome. This proposal is considered important for grounding patient treatment, and for further treatment trials. Options for treatment in electrical or lightning injury are summarised, and future trials are foreshadowed.

  10. Post electrical or lightning injury syndrome: a proposal for an American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statistical Manual formulation with implications for treatment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andrews, Christopher J; Reisner, Andrew D; Cooper, Mary Ann

    2017-09-01

    In the past, victims of electrical and lightning injuries have been assessed in a manner lacking a systematic formulation, and against ad hoc criteria, particularly in the area of neuropsychological disability. In this manner patients have, for example, only been partially treated, been poorly or incorrectly diagnosed, and have been denied the full benefit of compensation for their injuries. This paper contains a proposal for diagnostic criteria particularly for the neuropsychological aspects of the post injury syndrome. It pays attention to widely published consistent descriptions of the syndrome, and a new cluster analysis of post electrical injury patients. It formulates a proposal which could be incorporated into future editions of the American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM). The major neuropsychological consequences include neurocognitive dysfunction, and memory subgroup dysfunction, with ongoing consequences, and sometimes including progressive or delayed psychiatric, cognitive, and/or neurological symptoms. The proposed diagnostic criteria insist on a demonstrated context for the injury, both specifying the shock circumstance, and also physical consequences. It allows for a certain delay in onset of symptoms. It recognizes exclusory conditions. The outcome is a proposal for a DSM classification for the post electrical or lightning injury syndrome. This proposal is considered important for grounding patient treatment, and for further treatment trials. Options for treatment in electrical or lightning injury are summarised, and future trials are foreshadowed.

  11. A relative bilingual advantage in switching with preparation: Nuanced explorations of the proposed association between bilingualism and task switching.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stasenko, Alena; Matt, Georg E; Gollan, Tamar H

    2017-11-01

    Bilingual language switching may increase general switching efficiency, but the evidence on this question is mixed. We hypothesized that group differences in switching might be stronger at a long cue-target interval (CTI), which may better tap general switching abilities (Yehene & Meiran, 2007). Eighty Spanish-English bilinguals and 80 monolinguals completed a color-shape switching task, and an analogous language-switching task, varying CTI (short vs. long) in both tasks. With longer preparation time (long CTI), bilinguals exhibited significantly smaller task-switching costs than monolinguals, but only in the first half of trials. Group differences diminished with practice, though practice benefitted RTs on short CTI trials more than long, and bilinguals committed fewer errors with practice especially at short CTI. Groups did not differ in mixing costs; however, across CTIs and tasks, bilinguals and monolinguals alike, exhibited robust correlations between mixing costs, but not between switching costs. These results confirm an association between bilingualism and switching efficiency that may be magnified with manipulations that target general switching ability (or could reflect better ability to take advantage of preparation time). However, practice effects observed within experimental paradigms, and between task correlations in costs, may reflect cognitive mechanisms specific to laboratory tasks much more than associations with general switching ability and executive control mechanisms-for which more reliable and valid measures can hopefully be developed in future work. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved).

  12. Roos on roos / Mart Sander

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sander, Mart, 1967-

    1999-01-01

    Luigi Pirandello "Täna õhtul improviseerime", lavastaja Jaanus Rohumaa, kunstnik Mae Kivilo. Esitavad EMA Kõrgema Lavakunstikooli 19. lennu üliõpilased. Esietendus 11. dets. Tallinna Linnateatris

  13. The association of human papillomavirus infection with balanoposthitis: a description of five cases with proposals for treatment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Birley, H D; Luzzi, G A; Walker, M M; Ryait, B; Taylor-Robinson, D; Renton, A M

    1994-01-01

    The features and clinical course of chronic balanitis in 5 patients are presented. In each case, histological examination of a cutaneous biopsy sample showed pronounced features of human papillomavirus (HPV) infection. In addition, HPV DNA was demonstrated in each biopsy specimen by a polymerase chain reaction and was found to be type 6 by Southern blot hybridization in 4 of the cases. Although the association of histological features of HPV infection with balanitis does not prove that HPV is causal, the failure to find other causes, the prolonged and distressing symptoms, and the ineffectiveness of topical steroids in improving symptoms, all suggest the importance of HPV infection. While effective treatment needs to be sought and developed, the response of one patient to oral isotretinoin suggests that this agent may be appropriate for a larger trial.

  14. Prevalence and characteristics of supernumerary teeth in a non-syndrome Turkish population: associated pathologies and proposed treatment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Celikoglu, Mevlut; Kamak, Hasan; Oktay, Hüsamettin

    2010-07-01

    The objectives of the present study were to investigate the prevalence and characteristics of supernumerary teeth and evaluate the associated pathologies and treatment protocol in a Turkish patient population. A retrospective study was performed using full-mouth periapical and panoramic radiographs of 3491 patients (2146 females and 1345 males) ranging in age from 12 to 25. For each patient with supernumerary teeth we recorded the demographic variables (including age, sex), number, location, position, type, and morphology of supernumerary teeth, associated pathologies or complications, and whether any treatment has been carried out. The Pearson chi-squared test was used to determine potential differences in the distribution of supernumerary teeth when stratified by gender. Supernumerary teeth were detected in 42 subjects (1.2%), of which 27 were males and 15 were females with a 1.8:1 male female ratio (psupernumerary teeth were mesiodens (31.3%) followed by premolar (25.0%), lateral (22.9%), distomolar (14.5%), paramolar (4.2%), and canine (2.1%). Of the 48 supernumerary teeth examined, 50.0% (n=24) were conical, 81.3% (n=39) were in a vertical position, and 20.8% (n=10) were erupted. Supernumerary teeth caused rotation or displacement of the adjacent teeth in 14 cases, and the impaction of the permanent teeth in 8 cases. The prevalence of supernumerary teeth in our series was found to be 1.2%, the most frequent type being mesiodens. Rotation or displacement of permanent teeth was the most frequent complication caused by supernumerary teeth.

  15. Classification and Clinical Management of Retrograde Peri-implantitis Associated with Apical Periodontitis: A Proposed Classification System and Case Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sarmast, Nima D; Wang, Howard H; Sajadi, Ali S; Angelov, Nikola; Dorn, Samuel O

    2017-11-01

    Biological complications involving dental implants include peri-implant diseases such as peri-implant mucositis and peri-implantitis. The latter presents with progressive bone loss from the alveolar crest in a coronal apical direction. However, a separate disease entity termed retrograde peri-implantitis (RPI), which presents with progressive bone loss at the periapex of the implant, also exists and may be of particular interest to endodontists because it typically presents with periapical pathology of both the implant and adjacent tooth or at a site that previously housed an endodontically treated tooth. The reported prevalence of retrograde peri-implantitis is 0.26%, which is much lower than the prevalence of marginal peri-implantitis; however, its incidence increases to 7.8% when teeth adjacent to the implant exhibit an endodontic infection. It is positively correlated with a shorter distance between the implant and the adjacent tooth and a shorter time elapsed from the endodontically treated adjacent tooth to implant placement. This case report describes a patient diagnosed with an RPI lesion (RPI) associated with an adjacent endodontically treated tooth with a persistent periapical radiolucent lesion. The diagnosis, possible etiology, and management of the RPI lesion is thoroughly reported including follow-up visits showing complete resolution after subsequent periodontal and endodontic therapy. Endodontic evaluation of teeth adjacent to the implant site should be performed for primary prevention of RPI. Proper classification of RPI will aid in determining the course of treatment; class 1 and 2 cases require endodontic therapy of the involved teeth for healing to occur. Copyright © 2017 American Association of Endodontists. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  16. Competence to consent to voluntary psychiatric hospitalization: a test of a standard proposed by APA. American Psychiatric Association.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Appelbaum, B C; Appelbaum, P S; Grisso, T

    1998-09-01

    In the wake of the U.S. Supreme Court's 1990 decision in Zinermon v. Burch, renewed attention has been given to capacities patients must have to be considered competent to consent to voluntary hospitalization. An American Psychiatric Association (APA) task force suggested that strong policy interests support the establishment of a low threshold for competence in this situation. The study examined whether, as previous research suggested, patients would have difficulty meeting even this lenient standard. One hundred voluntarily hospitalized psychiatric patients were read two brief paragraphs, one explaining the purposes of psychiatric hospitalization and and the other explaining policies for discharge. The paragraphs' readability measured about eighth-grade level. After each paragraph, participants were read two sets of questions, one testing recall of the presented information and the other testing recognition of the information in a true-false format. The scores of patients grouped by selected demographic and clinical variables were compared. The vast majority of patients were able to comprehend the information that the APA task force suggested was relevant to their decision. However, a subgroup of patients who were initially admitted involuntarily had significantly poorer performance and may constitute a group who need special educational efforts focused on the consequences of voluntary admission.

  17. Proposed changes to the American Psychiatric Association diagnostic criteria for autism spectrum disorder: implications for young children and their families.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grant, Roy; Nozyce, Molly

    2013-05-01

    The American Psychiatric Association has revised the diagnostic criteria for their DSM-5 manual. Important changes have been made to the diagnosis of the current (DSM-IV) category of Pervasive Developmental Disorders. This category includes Autistic Disorder (autism), Asperger's Disorder, and Pervasive Developmental Disorder Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS). The DSM-5 deletes Asperger's Disorder and PDD-NOS as diagnostic entities. This change may have unintended consequences, including the possibility that the new diagnostic framework will adversely affect access to developmental interventions under Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) programs, Early Intervention (for birth to 2 years olds) and preschool special education (for 3 and 4 years olds). Changing the current diagnosis of PDD-NOS to a "Social Communication Disorder" focused on language pragmatics in the DSM-5 may restrict eligibility for IDEA programs and limit the scope of services for affected children. Young children who meet current criteria for PDD-NOS require more intensive and multi-disciplinary services than would be available with a communication domain diagnosis and possible service authorization limited to speech-language therapy. Intensive behavioral interventions, inclusive group setting placements, and family support services are typically more available for children with an autism spectrum disorder than with diagnoses reflecting speech-language delay. The diagnostic distinction reflective of the higher language and social functioning between Asperger's Disorder and autism is also undermined by eliminating the former as a categorical diagnosis and subsuming it under autism. This change may adversely affect treatment planning and misinform parents about prognosis for children who meet current criteria for Asperger's Disorder.

  18. Plantar talar head contusions and osteochondral fractures: associated findings on ankle MRI and proposed mechanism of injury

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gorbachova, Tetyana; Wang, Peter S.; Hu, Bing [Einstein Medical Center Philadelphia, Department of Radiology, Philadelphia, PA (United States); Horrow, Jay C. [Drexel University, Department of Anesthesiology and Perioperative Medicine, Philadelphia, PA (United States)

    2016-06-15

    To evaluate the significance of plantar talar head injury (PTHI) in predicting osseous and soft tissue injuries on ankle MRI. The IRB approved this HIPAA-compliant retrospective study. The study group consisted of 41 ankle MRIs with PTHI that occurred at our institution over a 5 1/2 year period. Eighty MRIs with bone injuries in other locations matched for age, time interval since injury, and gender formed a control group. Injuries to the following structures were recorded: medial malleolus, lateral malleolus/distal fibula, posterior malleolus, talus, calcaneus, navicular, cuboid, lateral, medial and syndesmotic ligaments, spring ligament complex, and extensor digitorum brevis (EDB) muscle. Twenty separate logistic regressions determined which injuries PTHI predicted, using the Holm procedure to control for family-wise alpha at 0.05. PTHI strongly predicted the occurrence of injuries involving the anterior process of the calcaneus [24 % of cases, odds ratio (OR) 12.66], plantar components of the spring ligament (27 %, OR 9.43), calcaneal origin of the EDB and attachment of the dorsolateral calcaneocuboid ligament (22 %, OR 7.22), cuboid (51 %, OR 6.58), EDB (27 %, OR 5.49), anteromedial talus (66 %, OR 4.78), and posteromedial talus (49 %, OR 4.48). PTHI strongly predicted lack of occurrence of syndesmotic ligament injury (OR 19.6). The PTHI group had a high incidence of lateral ligamentous injury (78 %), but not significantly different from the control group (53 %). PTHI is strongly associated with injury involving the transverse tarsal joint complex. We hypothesize it results from talo-cuboid and/or talo-calcaneal impaction from a supination injury of the foot and ankle. (orig.)

  19. Estimating travel reduction associated with the use of telemedicine by patients and healthcare professionals: proposal for quantitative synthesis in a systematic review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bahaadinbeigy Kambiz

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background A major benefit offered by telemedicine is the avoidance of travel, by patients, their carers and health care professionals. Unfortunately, there is very little published information about the extent of avoided travel. We propose to undertake a systematic review of literature which reports credible data on the reductions in travel associated with the use of telemedicine. Method The conventional approach to quantitative synthesis of the results from multiple studies is to conduct a meta analysis. However, too much heterogeneity exists between available studies to allow a meaningful meta analysis of the avoided travel when telemedicine is used across all possible settings. We propose instead to consider all credible evidence on avoided travel through telemedicine by fitting a linear model which takes into account the relevant factors in the circumstances of the studies performed. We propose the use of stepwise multiple regression to identify which factors are significant. Discussion Our proposed approach is illustrated by the example of teledermatology. In a preliminary review of the literature we found 20 studies in which the percentage of avoided travel through telemedicine could be inferred (a total of 5199 patients. The mean percentage avoided travel reported in the 12 store-and-forward studies was 43%. In the 7 real-time studies and in a single study with a hybrid technique, 70% of the patients avoided travel. A simplified model based on the modality of telemedicine employed (i.e. real-time or store and forward explained 29% of the variance. The use of store and forward teledermatology alone was associated with 43% of avoided travel. The increase in the proportion of patients who avoided travel (25% when real-time telemedicine was employed was significant (P = 0.014. Service planners can use this information to weigh up the costs and benefits of the two approaches.

  20. Estimating travel reduction associated with the use of telemedicine by patients and healthcare professionals: proposal for quantitative synthesis in a systematic review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wootton, Richard; Bahaadinbeigy, Kambiz; Hailey, David

    2011-08-08

    A major benefit offered by telemedicine is the avoidance of travel, by patients, their carers and health care professionals. Unfortunately, there is very little published information about the extent of avoided travel. We propose to undertake a systematic review of literature which reports credible data on the reductions in travel associated with the use of telemedicine. The conventional approach to quantitative synthesis of the results from multiple studies is to conduct a meta analysis. However, too much heterogeneity exists between available studies to allow a meaningful meta analysis of the avoided travel when telemedicine is used across all possible settings. We propose instead to consider all credible evidence on avoided travel through telemedicine by fitting a linear model which takes into account the relevant factors in the circumstances of the studies performed. We propose the use of stepwise multiple regression to identify which factors are significant. Our proposed approach is illustrated by the example of teledermatology. In a preliminary review of the literature we found 20 studies in which the percentage of avoided travel through telemedicine could be inferred (a total of 5199 patients). The mean percentage avoided travel reported in the 12 store-and-forward studies was 43%. In the 7 real-time studies and in a single study with a hybrid technique, 70% of the patients avoided travel. A simplified model based on the modality of telemedicine employed (i.e. real-time or store and forward) explained 29% of the variance. The use of store and forward teledermatology alone was associated with 43% of avoided travel. The increase in the proportion of patients who avoided travel (25%) when real-time telemedicine was employed was significant (P = 0.014). Service planners can use this information to weigh up the costs and benefits of the two approaches.

  1. [Representatives of consumer associations and the "hôpital, patients, santé et territoires" law: an outline of the issues and twelve proposals].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bréchat, Pierre-Henri; Gros, Jeannette; Haon, Michel; Jeunet, Odile; Magnin-Feysot, Christian

    2010-01-01

    Since 1996, consumers have been able to become involved in the development and implementation of national, regional and local healthcare policies, thereby demonstrating the possibility of establishing a model of democratic institution in healthcare at all levels of decision-making and policy implementation. Despite this 13-year political ambition, it is open to question whether the bill on the reform of the hospital will serve to extend the same dynamic for patients, healthcare institutions and local authorities. On 15 November 2008 and 18 April 2009, fifty-four consumer association representatives in the Franche-Comté region convened to conduct an audit of their commitments with a view to making proposals to adapt the bill aimed at reforming hospitals for the benefit of patients, healthcare and territories (HPST) before the bill is debated in Parliament (National Assembly and Senate). Despite significant investments since 1996 and some notable successes, for these representatives of consumer healthcare associations, the results are distinctly mixed. This is because they sometimes feel instrumentalized in healthcare facilities and believe that their opportunities for participation have declined since 2002. Their view is that this may diminish the power they wield at a time when the economy may be seen as becoming a substitute for public healthcare and participatory democracy. In a context of inequality in healthcare and at a time of economic crisis, this paradigm shift has tended to mobilize representatives of consumer associations. In their view, a strong counter-power is required to ensure fair and equal access to healthcare for all. They suggest twelve proposals concerning organization and professionalism at both territorial and national levels, articulated around the following principle : a representative of a consumers' association can become a regional reference in the management of the agency's regional healthcare system and may be given the means to

  2. A population genetic window into the past and future of the walleye Sander vitreus: relation to historic walleye and the extinct "blue pike" S. v. "glaucus".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haponski, Amanda E; Stepien, Carol A

    2014-06-17

    Conserving genetic diversity and local adaptations are management priorities for wild populations of exploited species, which increasingly are subject to climate change, habitat loss, and pollution. These constitute growing concerns for the walleye Sander vitreus, an ecologically and economically valuable North American temperate fish with large Laurentian Great Lakes' fisheries. This study compares genetic diversity and divergence patterns across its widespread native range using mitochondrial (mt) DNA control region sequences and nine nuclear DNA microsatellite (μsat) loci, examining historic and contemporary influences. We analyze the genetic and morphological characters of a putative endemic variant- "blue pike" S. v. "glaucus" -described from Lakes Erie and Ontario, which became extinct. Walleye with turquoise-colored mucus also are evaluated, since some have questioned whether these are related to the "blue pike". Walleye populations are distinguished by considerable genetic divergence (mean FST mtDNA = 0.32 ± 0.01, μsat = 0.13 ± 0.00) and substantial diversity across their range (mean heterozygosity mtDNA = 0.53 ± 0.02, μsat = 0.68 ± 0.03). Southern populations markedly differ, possessing unique haplotypes and alleles, especially the Ohio/New River population that houses the oldest haplotype and has the most pronounced divergence. Northern formerly glaciated populations have greatest diversity in Lake Erie (mean heterozygosity mtDNA = 0.79 ± 0.00, μsat = 0.72 ± 0.01). Genetic diversity was much less in the historic Lake Erie samples from 1923-1949 (mean heterozygosity mtDNA = 0.05 ± 0.01, μsat = 0.47 ± 0.06) than today. The historic "blue pike" had no unique haplotypes/alleles and there is no evidence that it comprised a separate taxon from walleye. Turquoise mucus walleye also show no genetic differentiation from other sympatric walleye and no correspondence to the "blue pike

  3. Human Risk of Diseases Associated with Red Meat Intake: Analysis of Current Theories and Proposed Role for Metabolic Incorporation of a Non-Human Sialic Acid

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alisson-Silva, Frederico; Kawanishi, Kunio; Varki, Ajit

    2016-01-01

    One of the most consistent epidemiological associations between diet and human disease risk is the impact of red meat consumption (beef, pork, and lamb, particularly in processed forms). While risk estimates vary, associations are reported with all-cause mortality, colorectal and other carcinomas, atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, type II diabetes, and possibly other inflammatory processes. There are many proposed explanations for these associations, some long discussed in the literature. Attempts to explain the effects of red meat consumption have invoked various red meat-associated agents, including saturated fat, high salt intake, Trimethylamine–N-oxide (TMAO) generation by microbiota, and environmental pollutants contaminating red meat, none of which are specific for red meat. Even the frequently mentioned polycyclic aromatic carcinogens arising from high temperature cooking methods are not red meat specific, as these are also generated by grilling poultry or fish, as well as by other forms of cooking. The traditional explanations that appear to be more red meat specific invoke the impact of N-nitroso compounds, heme iron, and the potential of heme to catalyze endogenous nitrosation. However, heme can be denatured by cooking, high levels of plasma hemopexin will block its tissue delivery, and much higher amounts of heme likely originate from red blood cell breakdown in vivo. Therefore, red meat-derived heme could only contribute to colorectal carcinoma risk, via direct local effects. Also, none of these mechanisms explain the apparent human propensity i.e., other carnivores have not been reported at high risk for all these diseases. A more recently proposed hypothesis involves infectious agents in beef from specific dairy cattle as agents of colorectal cancer. We have also described another mechanistic explanation for the human propensity for risk of red-meat associated diseases that is consistent with most observations: metabolic incorporation of a non

  4. Human risk of diseases associated with red meat intake: Analysis of current theories and proposed role for metabolic incorporation of a non-human sialic acid.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alisson-Silva, Frederico; Kawanishi, Kunio; Varki, Ajit

    2016-10-01

    One of the most consistent epidemiological associations between diet and human disease risk is the impact of red meat consumption (beef, pork, and lamb, particularly in processed forms). While risk estimates vary, associations are reported with all-cause mortality, colorectal and other carcinomas, atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, type II diabetes, and possibly other inflammatory processes. There are many proposed explanations for these associations, some long discussed in the literature. Attempts to explain the effects of red meat consumption have invoked various red meat-associated agents, including saturated fat, high salt intake, Trimethylamine-N-oxide (TMAO) generation by microbiota, and environmental pollutants contaminating red meat, none of which are specific for red meat. Even the frequently mentioned polycyclic aromatic carcinogens arising from high temperature cooking methods are not red meat specific, as these are also generated by grilling poultry or fish, as well as by other forms of cooking. The traditional explanations that appear to be more red meat specific invoke the impact of N-nitroso compounds, heme iron, and the potential of heme to catalyze endogenous nitrosation. However, heme can be denatured by cooking, high levels of plasma hemopexin will block its tissue delivery, and much higher amounts of heme likely originate from red blood cell breakdown in vivo. Therefore, red meat-derived heme could only contribute to colorectal carcinoma risk, via direct local effects. Also, none of these mechanisms explain the apparent human propensity i.e., other carnivores have not been reported at high risk for all these diseases. A more recently proposed hypothesis involves infectious agents in beef from specific dairy cattle as agents of colorectal cancer. We have also described another mechanistic explanation for the human propensity for risk of red-meat associated diseases that is consistent with most observations: metabolic incorporation of a non

  5. Non-suicidal self-injury in Mexican young adults: Prevalence, associations with suicidal behavior and psychiatric disorders, and DSM-5 proposed diagnostic criteria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benjet, Corina; González-Herrera, Irene; Castro-Silva, Everardo; Méndez, Enrique; Borges, Guilherme; Casanova, Leticia; Medina-Mora, Maria Elena

    2017-06-01

    Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) may lead to scarring, infection, accidental death and psychological distress. Little is known about NSSI in the general population of young adults in developing countries like Mexico. The current study examined the prevalence of any NSSI and each type of NSSI, the prevalence of meeting DSM-5 proposed criteria, and finally the association of NSSI with socio-demographic variables, suicidal behavior and psychiatric disorders. This study was conducted in a community sample of 1071 young adults between 19 and 26 years of age residents of Mexico City. The lifetime prevalence of NSSI was 18.56% with females having 87% greater odds. The 12-month prevalence was 3.19%. Only 0.22% of the total sample and 6.96% of those that self-injured in the past 12 months met full criteria proposed by DSM-5, in part due to the lack of reported impairment; 39.99% of those that self-injured reported impairment. Suicidal behavior commonly co-occurred with NSSI. All lifetime anxiety, mood, disruptive behavior and substance use disorders were associated with greater risk for lifetime NSSI whereas only 12-month depression and substance use disorder was associated with greater risk of 12-month NSSI. The cross-sectional nature of the study precludes conclusions of causality and directionality and the study excluded institutionalized and homeless young adults. NSSI is a concerning problem in young adults from Mexico City due to the important associations with all types of psychiatric disorders and suicidal behavior. Because many who self-injure do not perceive impairment, they are unlikely to seek treatment. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  6. Recommendations of «not-to-do»: Proposals of the Spanish Association of Surgeons to the project «Commitment to quality of scientific societies».

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soria-Aledo, Víctor; Romero Simó, Manuel; Balibrea, José M; Badia, Josep M

    2016-10-01

    The initiative of the Spanish Ministry of Health «Commitment to quality of scientific societies», aims to reduce unnecessary interventions of healthcare professionals. The Spanish Association of Surgeons has selected 22 experts from the different sections that have participated in the identification of 26 proposals «do not do» to be ordered by the expected impact its implementation would have according to the GRADE methodology. From these proposals, the Delphi technique was used to select 5 recommendations presented in more detail in this article. The 5 selected recommendations are: Do not perform cholecystectomy in patients with asymptomatic cholelithiasis; do not keep bladder catheterization more than 48hours; do not extend antibiotic prophylaxis treatments more than 24hours after a surgical procedure; do not perform routine antibiotic prophylaxis for uncomplicated clean and no prosthetic surgery; and do not use antibiotics postoperatively after uncomplicated appendicitis. The Spanish Association of Surgeons's participation in this campaign has allowed a reflection on those activities that do not add value in the field of surgery and it is expected that the spread of this process serves to reduce its performance. Copyright © 2016 AEC. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  7. Characteristics of Women Who Have Had Cosmetic Breast Implants That Could Be Associated with Increased Suicide Risk: A Systematic Review, Proposing a Suicide Prevention Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nikolaos Manoloudakis

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Literature indicates an increased risk of suicide among women who have had cosmetic breast implants. An explanatory model for this association has not been established. Some studies conclude that women with cosmetic breast implants demonstrate some characteristics that are associated with increased suicide risk while others support that the breast augmentation protects from suicide. A systematic review including data collection from January 1961 up to February 2014 was conducted. The results were incorporated to pre-existing suicide risk models of the general population. A modified suicide risk model was created for the female cosmetic augmentation mammaplasty candidate. A 2-3 times increased suicide risk among women that undergo cosmetic breast augmentation has been identified. Breast augmentation patients show some characteristics that are associated with increased suicide risk. The majority of women reported high postoperative satisfaction. Recent research indicates that the Autoimmune syndrome induced by adjuvants and fibromyalgia syndrome are associated with silicone implantation. A thorough surgical, medical and psycho-social (psychiatric, family, reproductive, and occupational history should be included in the preoperative assessment of women seeking to undergo cosmetic breast augmentation. Breast augmentation surgery can stimulate a systematic stress response and increase the risk of suicide. Each risk factor of suicide has poor predictive value when considered independently and can result in prediction errors. A clinical management model has been proposed considering the overlapping risk factors of women that undergo cosmetic breast augmentation with suicide.

  8. Characteristics of women who have had cosmetic breast implants that could be associated with increased suicide risk: a systematic review, proposing a suicide prevention model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manoloudakis, Nikolaos; Labiris, Georgios; Karakitsou, Nefeli; Kim, Jong B; Sheena, Yezen; Niakas, Dimitrios

    2015-03-01

    Literature indicates an increased risk of suicide among women who have had cosmetic breast implants. An explanatory model for this association has not been established. Some studies conclude that women with cosmetic breast implants demonstrate some characteristics that are associated with increased suicide risk while others support that the breast augmentation protects from suicide. A systematic review including data collection from January 1961 up to February 2014 was conducted. The results were incorporated to pre-existing suicide risk models of the general population. A modified suicide risk model was created for the female cosmetic augmentation mammaplasty candidate. A 2-3 times increased suicide risk among women that undergo cosmetic breast augmentation has been identified. Breast augmentation patients show some characteristics that are associated with increased suicide risk. The majority of women reported high postoperative satisfaction. Recent research indicates that the Autoimmune syndrome induced by adjuvants and fibromyalgia syndrome are associated with silicone implantation. A thorough surgical, medical and psycho-social (psychiatric, family, reproductive, and occupational) history should be included in the preoperative assessment of women seeking to undergo cosmetic breast augmentation. Breast augmentation surgery can stimulate a systematic stress response and increase the risk of suicide. Each risk factor of suicide has poor predictive value when considered independently and can result in prediction errors. A clinical management model has been proposed considering the overlapping risk factors of women that undergo cosmetic breast augmentation with suicide.

  9. Proposed association between ileoanal j-pouch perforation and rapid consumption of a high-calorie, high-fiber meal: report of two cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shapiro, M; Hark, L; Rombeau, J L

    2000-07-01

    We report two cases of ileoanal J-pouch rupture after rapid consumption of high-fiber, high-calorie meals. We review the food intake, presentation, laboratory and radiographic data, and course of two patients who developed ileoanal J-pouch perforation after rapid consumption of meals rich in fiber or calories or both. The potential association between food consumption and rupture is explored. The authors propose that the rapid ingestion of a high-fiber, high-calorie meal may lead to an acute intraluminal pressure elevation or a closed-loop obstruction. These effects may be the basis for an association between food ingestion patterns and perforation at the distal transection site in an ileoanal J-pouch. The authors hypothesize that the rapid ingestion of a high-fiber, high-calorie meal may be associated with J-pouch perforation. Further investigative efforts are needed to confirm this association and to evaluate whether a causal relationship is present. If causality is established, physicians may develop a higher index of suspicion for pouch rupture in patients who present with abdominal disturbances after the rapid ingestion of a high-fiber, high-calorie meal.

  10. The "LEARn" (Latent Early-life Associated Regulation) model integrates environmental risk factors and the developmental basis of Alzheimer's disease, and proposes remedial steps.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lahiri, Debomoy K; Maloney, Bryan

    2010-04-01

    The neurodegenerative disorder Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the 6th leading cause of death in the USA. In addition to neurological and psychiatric symptoms, AD is characterized by deficiencies in S-adenylmethionine (SAM), vitamin B12, and folate. Deficiency in these nutrients has been shown to result in gene promoter methylation with upregulation of AD-associated genes. While some cases of AD are due to specific mutations in genes such as presenilin 1 (PSEN) and the amyloid-beta peptide precursor protein (APP), these familial AD (FAD) cases account for a minority of cases. The majority of genetic contribution consists of risk factors with incomplete penetrance. Several environmental risk factors, such as cholesterol and diet, head trauma, and reduced levels of exercise, have also been determined for AD. Nevertheless, the majority of risk for AD appears to be established early in life. We propose to explain this via the LEARn (Latent Early-life Associated Regulation) model. LEARn-AD (LAD) would be a "two-hit" disorder, wherein the first hit would occur due to environmental stress within the regulatory sequences of AD-associated genes, maintained by epigenetic changes such as in DNA methylation. This hit would most likely come in early childhood. The second hit could consist of further stress, such as head trauma, poor mid-life diet, or even general changes in expression of genes that occur later in life independent of any pathogenesis. Given that the primary risk for LAD would be maintained by DNA (hypo)methylation, we propose that long-term nutritional remediation based on the LEARn model, or LEARn-based nutritional gain (LEARnING), beginning early in life, would significantly reduce risk for AD late in life. 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  11. When to Perform Karyotype Analysis in Infertile Men? Validation of the European Association of Urology Guidelines with the Proposal of a New Predictive Model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ventimiglia, Eugenio; Capogrosso, Paolo; Boeri, Luca; Pederzoli, Filippo; Cazzaniga, Walter; Scano, Roberta; Ippolito, Silvia; Fossati, Nicola; Alfano, Massimo; Montorsi, Francesco; Salonia, Andrea

    2016-12-01

    Known genetic alterations play a major role in perturbing male reproductive health. We sought to retrospectively validate the European Association of Urology (EAU) guidelines for karyotype analysis (KA) in a homogenous cohort of 1168 White European men presenting for primary couple's infertility (noninterracial infertile couples only) and to develop a novel nomogram capable of predicting karyotype alterations. Overall, 742 (63.5%) patients would have deserved KA according to the EAU guidelines. Of those, 48 (6.9% of the assessable patients according to EAU guidelines) displayed any kind of alteration at KA. Conversely, hypothetically relying on the EAU criteria, 12 (20%) out of 60 patients with karyotype abnormalities would not have been candidates for the same genetic assessment. Overall, 694 (62.6%) patients would have been candidates for genetic workup despite having a normal karyotype. As a whole, the EAU guideline sensitivity, specificity, and discrimination were 80%, 37%, and 59%, respectively. We developed a novel nomogram, with a 2% probability cut-off, which allows for a more careful detection of KA alterations. The application of the European Association of Urology guidelines for karyotype analysis does not ensure an adequate diagnostic process. In this regard, we propose a novel diagnostic tool to improve detection of alterations at karyotype analysis. Copyright © 2016 European Association of Urology. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  12. A proposed novel framework for monitoring and evaluation of the cascade of HIV-associated TB care at the health facility level.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hanrahan, Colleen F; Van Rie, Annelies

    2017-04-20

    The rapid and accurate diagnosis of HIV-associated tuberculosis (TB), timely initiation of curative or preventative treatment and assurance of favourable treatment outcomes is a complex process. The current system of monitoring and reporting TB diagnosis and treatment does not include several key aspects of the care cascade, and may obscure systematic bottlenecks, inefficiencies or sources of sub-optimal care. We critically reviewed the current World Health Organizations recommended system of monitoring and reporting, and identified the following key deficiencies that could limit the ability of healthcare workers to identify structural problems in the provision of TB/HIV care. We identified the following key deficiencies in the current monitoring and evaluation system: (1) an emphasis on national-level reporting and programmatic analysis results in a loss of granularity; (2) the absence of a general framework to anchor indicators in relation to one another as well as the overall goals for TB/HIV collaborative activities; (3) de-linking of TB treatment indicators from those for screening and diagnosis; (4) few indicators are tied to suggested times for completion of an activity. We defined three distinct stages comprising the cascade of HIV-associated TB diagnosis and treatment: (1) Screening & Diagnosis, (2) Treatment and (3) Preventive Therapy. We detailed major steps within each stage, described potential sources of variability, and proposed data elements, process indicators, main outcomes, and retention calculations for each stage. This proposed framework of monitoring is novel in its focus on a cohort experience through the entire scope of the care cascade from screening and TB diagnosis through curative or preventive treatment. This approach can be applied to all settings at clinic, district or national level, and used to identify crucial areas for improvement in order to maximize health outcomes for all those affected by the dual epidemics of TB and HIV.

  13. Program Proposal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baskas, Richard S.

    2012-01-01

    A study was conducted to determine if a deficiency, or learning gap, existed in a particular working environment. To determine if an assessment was to be conducted, a program proposal would need to be developed to explore this situation. In order for a particular environment to react and grow with other environments, it must be able to take on…

  14. Thesis Proposal

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sloth, Erik

    2010-01-01

    Strukturen i Thesis proposal er følgende: Først præsenteres mine konkrete empiriske forskningsprojekter som skal munde ud i afhandlingens artikler. Jeg præsenterer herefter de teoretiske overvejelser omkring oplevelsesbegrebet og forbrugerkulturteori som danner baggrund for at jeg er nået frem til...

  15. Immodest Proposals

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bardzell, Jeffrey; Bardzell, Shaowen; Hansen, Lone Koefoed

    2015-01-01

    This paper offers theoretical support for research through design (RtD) by arguing that to legitimize and make use of research through design as research, HCI researchers need to explore and clarify how RtD objects contribute to knowledge. One way to pursue this goal is to leverage knowledge-prod...... fiction Menstruation Machine by Sputniko!, the paper explores how design objects coproduce knowledge, by working through complex design problem spaces in non-reductive ways, proposing new connections and distinctions, and embodying design ideas and processes across time and minds....

  16. Distribution of pathogens in central line-associated bloodstream infections among patients with and without neutropenia following chemotherapy: evidence for a proposed modification to the current surveillance definition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steinberg, James P; Robichaux, Chad; Tejedor, Sheri Chernetsky; Reyes, Mary Dent; Jacob, Jesse T

    2013-02-01

    Many bloodstream infections (BSIs) occurring in patients with febrile neutropenia following cytotoxic chemotherapy are due to translocation of intestinal microbiota. However, these infections meet the National Healthcare Safety Network (NHSN) definition of central line-associated BSIs (CLABSIs). We sought to determine the differences in the microbiology of NHSN-defined CLABSIs in patients with and without neutropenia and, using these data, to propose a modification of the CLABSI definition. Retrospective review. Two large university hospitals over 18 months. All hospital-acquired BSIs occurring in patients with central venous catheters in place were classified using the NHSN CLABSI definition. Patients with postchemotherapy neutropenia (500 neutrophils/mm(3) or lower) at the time of blood culture were considered neutropenic. Pathogens overrepresented in the neutropenic group were identified to inform development of a modified CLABSI definition. Organisms that were more commonly observed in the neutropenic group compared with the nonneutropenic group included Escherichia coli (22.7% vs 2.5%; P definition (removing BSI with enterococci, streptococci, or E. coli) excluded 33 of 66 neutropenic CLABSIs and decreased the CLABSI rate in one study hospital with large transplant and oncology populations from 2.12 to 1.79 cases per 1,000 line-days. Common gastrointestinal organisms were more common in the neutropenia group, suggesting that many BSIs meeting the NHSN criteria for CLABSI in the setting of neutropenia may represent translocation of gut organisms. These findings support modification of the NHSN CLABSI definition.

  17. Proposed Amendment to Presidential Permit PP-63 and Associated Modifications to 500-kV International Transmission Line: Forbes, Minnesota to Manitoba, Canada, Northern States Power Company. Addendum to the final Environmental Assessment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1992-10-01

    This Addendum to the Final Environmental Assessment for the Proposed Amendment to Presidential Permit PP-63 and Associated Modifications to 500 kV International Transmission Line: Forbes, Minnesota to Manitoba, Canada (DOE/EA-587) addresses Northern States Power Company`s (NSP) proposed expansion of the Forbes Substation. The applicant has requested that the expansion take place on the west side of the substation, within the existing property line, instead of on the north side as originally proposed. All of the proposed construction would take place on property already owned by NSP. DOE has reviewed the environmental impacts associated with this minor modification and has determined that the conclusions reached in the environmental assessment and Finding of No Significant Impact prepared in connection with NSP`s original amendment request remain valid.

  18. Comments by the Auditing Standards Committee of the Auditing Section of the American Accounting Association on the IAASB Proposal: Improving the Auditor's Report

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Long Chen; Keith L Jones; Ling Lei Lisic; Paul Michas; Robert Pawlewicz; Mikhail B Pevzner

    2013-01-01

      Recently, the International Auditing and Assurance Standards Board (IAASB) solicited public comments on its proposal to improve the current format of the auditor's report under International Auditing Standards...

  19. Preliminaries to a feasibility analysis of the Maglev proposal of the Southern California Association of Governments for the region : a seed grant study report

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-08-30

    This is a seed grant study to perform a preliminary investigation of the system components and : generalized costs of the magnetic levitation type of high speed rail system that is proposed for the : Southern California Region, TGVbased high speed...

  20. A regionalized assessment of the influence of rural nonpoint source pollution on the ecological integrity of stream ecosystems and an evaluation of associated pollution control management : Proposal addendum

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This is an addendum to a proposal to assess the influence of land form and land use practices in the generation of NPSP in Kansas, Nebraska, and Iowa. The addendum...

  1. Small mammal associations with habitat structure, and their influence on selected species interactions at the Rocky Mountain Arsenal : comprehensive examination proposal

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This document proposes an applied project at the Rocky Mountain Arsenal intended to address habitat relationships and selection, and interspecific competition, in...

  2. Evaluation of the new TNM staging system proposed by the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer at a single institution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kameyama, Kotaro; Takahashi, Mamoru; Ohata, Keiji; Igai, Hitoshi; Yamashina, Akihiko; Matsuoka, Tomoaki; Nakagawa, Tatsuo; Okumura, Norihito

    2009-05-01

    The seventh TNM Classification of Malignant Tumours will be published in 2009. The International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer has proposed a revision of the current pathologic staging system. We illustrated the effects of this new system and pointed out potential problems using a retrospective study of surgical cases of non-small cell lung cancer at our institution. Subjects were 1532 patients for whom current pathologic staging was possible. These data were migrated into the new staging system. The numbers of patients at various stages determined by using the current and new staging systems were, respectively, as follows: IA (n = 700, n = 700), IB (n = 338, n = 249), IIA (n = 49, n = 164), IIB (n = 129, n = 116), IIIA (n = 204, n = 234), IIIB (n = 77, n = 17), and IV (n = 35, n = 52). Prognoses were compared by using the current and the new systems. By using the new staging system, 5-year survivals by T classifications were as follows: T1a, 82.6%; T1b, 73.3%; T2a, 63.5%; T2b, 50.1%; T3, 40.6%; and T4, 34.6%. There were significant differences between the new T1a and T1b (P = .0026), T1b and T2a (P = .0027), and T2a and T2b (P = .0062) classifications. In the current system 5-year survivals based on pathologic stages were as follows: IA, 84.8%; IB, 72.9%; IIA, 53.8%; IIB, 53.7%; IIIA, 31.8%; IIIB, 34.0%; and IV, 27.1%. There were significant differences between stages IA and IB (P new system these were as follows: IA, 84.8%; IB, 75.2%; IIA, 62.4%; IIB, 52.1%; IIIA, 32.4%; IIIB, 15.2%; and IV, 30.6%. There were significant differences between stages IA and IB (P = .0004), IB and IIA (P = .0195), IIA and IIB (P = .0257), IIB and IIIA (P = .0040), and IIIA and IIIB (P = .0399). Although the outcomes for stages IIIB and IV were reversed, the new pathologic staging system was considered valid based on our single-institution evaluation.

  3. Ask and Ye Shall Receive? Automated Text Mining of Michigan Capital Facility Finance Bond Election Proposals to Identify Which Topics Are Associated with Bond Passage and Voter Turnout

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bowers, Alex J.; Chen, Jingjing

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to bring together recent innovations in the research literature around school district capital facility finance, municipal bond elections, statistical models of conditional time-varying outcomes, and data mining algorithms for automated text mining of election ballot proposals to examine the factors that influence the…

  4. Evaluation of Water Quality Conditions Near Proposed Fish Production Sites Associated with the Yakima Fisheries Project, 1991-1993 Final Report.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dauble, Dennis D.

    1994-05-01

    In 1991, the Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) began studying water quality at several sites in the Yakima River Basin for the Bonneville Power Administration. These sites were being proposed as locations for fish culture facilities as part of the Yakima Fisheries Project (YFP). Surface water quality parameters near the proposed fish culture facilities are currently suitable for fish production. Water quality conditions in the mainstream Yakima River and its tributaries are generally excellent in the upper part of the watershed (i.e., near Cle Elum), but they are only fair to poor for the river downstream of Union Gap (river mile 107). Water quality of the Naches River near Oak Flats is also suitable for fish production. Groundwater supplies near the proposed fish production facilities typically have elevated concentrations of metals and dissolved gases. These conditions can be mitigated using best engineering practices such as precipitation and degasification. Additionally, mixing with surface water may improve these conditions. Depending on the location and depth of the well, groundwater temperatures may be warmer than optimum for acclimating and holding juvenile and adult fish. Water quality parameters measured in the Yakima River and tributaries sometimes exceed the range of values described as acceptable for culture of salmonids and for the protection of other aquatic life. However, constituent concentrations are within ranges that exist in many northwest fish hatcheries. Additionally, site-specific tests conducted by PNL (i.e., live box exposures and egg incubation studies) indicate that fish can be successfully reared in surface and well water near the proposed facility sites. Thus, there appear to be no constraints to artificial production for the YFP.

  5. Bell Operating Co.; furnishing of customer premises equipment, enhanced services and cellular communications services and North American Telecommunications Association--Federal Communications Commission. Proposed rule.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-03-29

    The Commission has issued a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking that addresses the questions of whether, following divestiture, Bell Operating Companies' offerings of enhanced services, customer premises equipment or cellular communications services should be subject to structural separation requirements and, if so, whether the degree of separation currently prescribed by Commission Rules should be modified to accommodate the effects of the BOCs' divestiture. The purpose of this proceeding is to determine whether the divestiture's structural separation of AT&T's monopoly activities and competitive activities renders the Commission's structural separation requirements unnecessary or unduly burdensome to the divested operating companies. If so, the Commission's structural separation requirements may be relaxed, eliminated or otherwise modified.

  6. Association between posttraumatic stress and acceptance of social changes: Findings from a general population study and proposal of a new concept.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kazlauskas, Evaldas; Zelviene, Paulina

    2017-03-01

    There is a growing understanding of the importance of the social factors of posttraumatic stress disorder. This study expands research on association between posttraumatic stress and social factors by introducing the measure of the acceptance of social changes and evaluating possible links between posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms and acceptance of social changes. A general population sample ( n = 778) aged from 18 to 89 years ( M = 40.2) from Lithuania participated in our study, of whom 68% reported exposure to traumatic events. Posttraumatic stress reactions were measured with the Impact of Event Scale - Revised (IES-R), and acceptance of social changes was measured with the Acceptance of Social Changes Instrument (SOCHI) developed by the authors of this study. About 8% of the participants had a potential posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) diagnosis. Acceptance of social changes was negatively associated with posttraumatic stress. PTSD was related to lower acceptance of social changes ( d = .61). Structural equation model (SEM) revealed the mediating role of PTSD for acceptance of social changes following trauma exposure. Findings of our study indicate that the acceptance of social changes might be an important psychosocial factor of PTSD.

  7. Removal of waterborne pathogens from liver transplant unit water taps in prevention of healthcare-associated infections: a proposal for a cost-effective, proactive infection control strategy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Z Y; Hu, B J; Qin, L; Lin, Y E; Watanabe, H; Zhou, Q; Gao, X D

    2014-04-01

    Hospital water supplies often contain waterborne pathogens, which can become a reservoir for healthcare-associated infections (HAIs). We surveyed the extent of waterborne pathogen contamination in the water supply of a Liver Transplant Unit. The efficacy of point-of-use (POU) water filters was evaluated by comparative analysis in routine clinical use. Our baseline environmental surveillance showed that Legionella spp. (28%, 38/136), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (8%, 11/136), Mycobacterium spp. (87%, 118/136) and filamentous fungi (50%, 68/136) were isolated from the tap water of the Liver Transplant Unit. 28.9% of Legionella spp.-positive water samples (n = 38) showed high-level Legionella contamination (≥10(3) CFU/L). After installation of the POU water filter, none of these pathogens were found in the POU filtered water samples. Furthermore, colonizations/infections with Gram-negative bacteria determined from patient specimens were reduced by 47% during this period, even if only 27% (3/11) of the distal sites were installed with POU water filters. In conclusion, the presence of waterborne pathogens was common in the water supply of our Liver Transplant Unit. POU water filters effectively eradicated these pathogens from the water supply. Concomitantly, healthcare-associated colonization/infections declined after the POU filters were installed, indicating their potential benefit in reducing waterborne HAIs. © 2013 The Authors Clinical Microbiology and Infection © 2013 European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases.

  8. The proposed flatland radar

    Science.gov (United States)

    Green, J. L.; Gage, K. S.; Vanzandt, T. E.; Nastrom, G. D.

    1986-01-01

    A flexible very high frequency (VHF) stratosphere-troposphere (ST) radar configured for meteorological research is to be constructed near Urbana, Illinois. Measurement of small vertical velocities associated with synoptic-scale meteorology can be performed. A large Doppler microwave radar (CHILL) is located a few km from the site of the proposed ST radar. Since the microwave radar can measure the location and velocity of hydrometeors and the VHF ST radar can measure clear (or cloudy) air velocities, simultaneous observations by these two radars of stratiform or convective weather systems would provide valuable meteorological information.

  9. Suprasellar choristoma associated with congenital hydrocephalus, anophthalmia, cleft lip and palate, and clinodactly: a proposed variant of a unique new syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sever, Alysse J; Koets, Michael D; Sabharwal, Gauravi K

    2015-12-01

    A male infant was born with a bilateral cleft lip and/or palate, absent nasal structures, left anophthalmos, right coloboma, and bilateral fifth digit clinodactly. Brain magnetic resonance imaging revealed severe asymmetric hydrocephalus, absent corpus callosum, a suprasellar mass with a high riding third ventricle, and no pituitary gland. He had a normal male karyotype and normal prenatal laboratory testing. He had no significant family history and no renal, vertebral, gastrointestinal, or cardiac malformations. This combination of central nervous system findings, ocular and craniofacial abnormalities, a normal karyotype, and limited skeletal abnormalities to our knowledge has only been previously described once in the literature in association with a disruption in Pax and Sonic Hedgehog protein pathways, and we conclude this patient represents a variant of this described syndrome.

  10. Suprasellar choristoma associated with congenital hydrocephalus, anophthalmia, cleft lip and palate, and clinodactly: a proposed variant of a unique new syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alysse J. Sever, MD

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available A male infant was born with a bilateral cleft lip and/or palate, absent nasal structures, left anophthalmos, right coloboma, and bilateral fifth digit clinodactly. Brain magnetic resonance imaging revealed severe asymmetric hydrocephalus, absent corpus callosum, a suprasellar mass with a high riding third ventricle, and no pituitary gland. He had a normal male karyotype and normal prenatal laboratory testing. He had no significant family history and no renal, vertebral, gastrointestinal, or cardiac malformations. This combination of central nervous system findings, ocular and craniofacial abnormalities, a normal karyotype, and limited skeletal abnormalities to our knowledge has only been previously described once in the literature in association with a disruption in Pax and Sonic Hedgehog protein pathways, and we conclude this patient represents a variant of this described syndrome.

  11. The Symbol Grounding Problem Revisited: A Thorough Evaluation of the ANS Mapping Account and the Proposal of an Alternative Account Based on Symbol–Symbol Associations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reynvoet, Bert; Sasanguie, Delphine

    2016-01-01

    Recently, a lot of studies in the domain of numerical cognition have been published demonstrating a robust association between numerical symbol processing and individual differences in mathematics achievement. Because numerical symbols are so important for mathematics achievement, many researchers want to provide an answer on the ‘symbol grounding problem,’ i.e., how does a symbol acquires its numerical meaning? The most popular account, the approximate number system (ANS) mapping account, assumes that a symbol acquires its numerical meaning by being mapped on a non-verbal and ANS. Here, we critically evaluate four arguments that are supposed to support this account, i.e., (1) there is an evolutionary system for approximate number processing, (2) non-symbolic and symbolic number processing show the same behavioral effects, (3) non-symbolic and symbolic numbers activate the same brain regions which are also involved in more advanced calculation and (4) non-symbolic comparison is related to the performance on symbolic mathematics achievement tasks. Based on this evaluation, we conclude that all of these arguments and consequently also the mapping account are questionable. Next we explored less popular alternative, where small numerical symbols are initially mapped on a precise representation and then, in combination with increasing knowledge of the counting list result in an independent and exact symbolic system based on order relations between symbols. We evaluate this account by reviewing evidence on order judgment tasks following the same four arguments. Although further research is necessary, the available evidence so far suggests that this symbol–symbol association account should be considered as a worthy alternative of how symbols acquire their meaning. PMID:27790179

  12. The Symbol Grounding Problem Revisited: A Thorough Evaluation of the ANS Mapping Account and the Proposal of an Alternative Account Based on Symbol-Symbol Associations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reynvoet, Bert; Sasanguie, Delphine

    2016-01-01

    Recently, a lot of studies in the domain of numerical cognition have been published demonstrating a robust association between numerical symbol processing and individual differences in mathematics achievement. Because numerical symbols are so important for mathematics achievement, many researchers want to provide an answer on the 'symbol grounding problem,' i.e., how does a symbol acquires its numerical meaning? The most popular account, the approximate number system (ANS) mapping account, assumes that a symbol acquires its numerical meaning by being mapped on a non-verbal and ANS. Here, we critically evaluate four arguments that are supposed to support this account, i.e., (1) there is an evolutionary system for approximate number processing, (2) non-symbolic and symbolic number processing show the same behavioral effects, (3) non-symbolic and symbolic numbers activate the same brain regions which are also involved in more advanced calculation and (4) non-symbolic comparison is related to the performance on symbolic mathematics achievement tasks. Based on this evaluation, we conclude that all of these arguments and consequently also the mapping account are questionable. Next we explored less popular alternative, where small numerical symbols are initially mapped on a precise representation and then, in combination with increasing knowledge of the counting list result in an independent and exact symbolic system based on order relations between symbols. We evaluate this account by reviewing evidence on order judgment tasks following the same four arguments. Although further research is necessary, the available evidence so far suggests that this symbol-symbol association account should be considered as a worthy alternative of how symbols acquire their meaning.

  13. Clinical evaluation of a new tumour-node-metastasis staging system for thymic malignancies proposed by the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer Staging and Prognostic Factors Committee and the International Thymic Malignancy Interest Group.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fukui, Takayuki; Fukumoto, Koichi; Okasaka, Toshiki; Kawaguchi, Koji; Nakamura, Shota; Hakiri, Shuhei; Ozeki, Naoki; Hirakawa, Akihiro; Tateyama, Hisashi; Yokoi, Kohei

    2016-02-01

    The tumour-node-metastasis classification has been widely used as a guide for estimating prognosis, and is the basis for treatment decisions in patients with malignant tumours. The International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer Staging and Prognostic Factors Committee and the International Thymic Malignancy Interest Group have proposed a new staging system for thymic malignancies. However, its validity has not been fully established. In this study, we assessed the system's utilities and drawbacks. We reviewed 154 consecutive patients with thymic epithelial tumours who underwent complete resection at our institution, and compared their characteristics and outcomes when classified according to the proposed system with those when classified under the Masaoka-Koga system. The proportion of patients with Stage I disease increased remarkably to 77.3% when using the proposed system because of the reclassification of Masaoka-Koga stages II and III diseases. Among 69 patients with Type A, AB or B1 thymoma, 68 tumours (98%) were reclassified as Stage I disease. Moreover, the proportion of Stage III and IV tumours increased in concordance with Types B2, B3 thymomas and thymic carcinoma. Under the proposed new system, the recurrence-free survival rates showed significant deterioration with increasing stage, while the overall survival curves did not. The newly proposed classification for thymic malignancies does not serve as a prognostic prediction model for overall survival but served as a significant imbalance of stage distribution in our cohort. However, it appears to be beneficial, especially in clinical settings and recurrence-free survival analysis. © The Author 2015. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery. All rights reserved.

  14. Energia suurtootjatele kehtestatakse CO₂ maks / Sander Silm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Silm, Sander, 1970-

    1999-01-01

    Eesti soojusetootjad peaksid mõtlema taastuvate energiaallikate kasutamise peale, sest saastetasuseaduse kohaselt hakkavad järgmisest aastast alates need energiaettevõtted, kes kasutavad küttena taastumatuid loodusvarasid maksma CO₂ maksu

  15. Kaks lõunamaist lugemikku / Sander Liivak

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Liivak, Sander

    1996-01-01

    Arvustus: Võrokiilne lugõmik / toim. Marju Kõivupuu, Jüvä Sullõv. 2. tr. Võru Instituut, 1996; Valimik ungari kirjandusest / Toim. Péter Pomozi, Inga Kukk. 2. tr. Trt., 1996. (Tartu hungaroloogia vihikud; 5)

  16. DCS Terrain Submission for Sanders County, Montana

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department of Homeland Security — Terrain data, as defined in FEMA Guidelines and Specifications, Appendix N: Data Capture Standards, describes the digital topographic data that was used to create...

  17. Because I Love to Dance / Maris Sander

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sander, Maris

    2009-01-01

    Toomas Edur valis Inglismaa balletikoolidest neli noort meestantsijat Estonia balletitruppi: English National Ballet School - Robbie Bird, Royal Ballet School' William Moore ja Jonathan Hanks, Central School of Ballet - Michele Pellegrini

  18. Insider Dealing / Lembit Olev, Sander Zibo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Olev, Lembit

    1997-01-01

    Insaidkauplemise mõistest, Euroopa Liidu Nõukogu direktiivist insaidinformatsioonil põhinevate tehingute regulatsiooni koordineerimise kohta, Saksa väärtpaberikaubanduse seadusest ja insaidkaubanduse alasest kohtupraktikast Saksamaal

  19. Lung tissue remodelling in MCT-induced pulmonary hypertension: a proposal for a novel scoring system and changes in extracellular matrix and fibrosis associated gene expression

    Science.gov (United States)

    Franz, Marcus; Grün, Katja; Betge, Stefan; Rohm, Ilonka; Ndongson-Dongmo, Bernadin; Bauer, Reinhard; Schulze, P. Christian; Lichtenauer, Michael; Petersen, Iver; Neri, Dario; Berndt, Alexander; Jung, Christian

    2016-01-01

    Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is associated with vasoconstriction and remodelling. We studied lung tissue remodelling in a rat model of PH with special focus on histology and extracellular matrix (ECM) remodelling. After induction of PH by monocrotaline, lung tissue was analysed histologically, by gene expression analysis and immunofluorescence labelling of ED-A domain containing fibronectin (ED-A+ Fn), B domain containing tenascin-C (B+ Tn-C) as well as alpha-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA). Serum concentrations of ED-A+ Fn were determined by ELISA. Systolic right ventricular pressure (RVPsys) values were significantly elevated in PH (n = 18; 75 ± 26.4 mmHg) compared to controls (n = 10; 29 ± 19.3 mmHg; p = 0.015). The histological sum-score was significantly increased in PH (8.0 ± 2.2) compared to controls (2.5 ± 1.6; p < 0.001). Gene expression analysis revealed relevant induction of several key genes of extracellular matrix remodelling. Increased protein deposition of ED-A+ Fn but not of B+ Tn-C and α-SMA in lung tissue was found in PH (2.88 ± 3.19 area%) compared to controls (1.32 ± 0.16 area%; p = 0.030). Serum levels of ED-A+ Fn were significantly higher in PH (p = 0.007) positively correlating with RVPsys (r = 0.618, p = 0.019). We here present a novel histological scoring system to assess lung tissue remodelling in PH. Gene expression analysis revealed induction of candidate genes involved in collagen matrix turnover, fibrosis and vascular remodelling. The stable increased tissue deposition of ED-A+ Fn in PH as well as its dynamics in serum suggests a role as a promising novel biomarker and potential therapeutic target. PMID:27835899

  20. Identification Of Damages Of Tribological Associations In Crankshaft And Piston Systems Of Two-Stroke Internal Combustion Engines Used As Main Propulsion In Sea-Going Vessels And Proposal Of Probabilistic Description Of Loads As Causes Of These Damages

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Girtler Jerzy

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The article discusses damages of essential tribological associations in crankshaft and piston systems of large power two-stroke engines used as main engines, which take place during transport tasks performed by those ships. Difficulties are named which make preventing those damages impossible, despite the fact that the technical state of engines of this type is identified with the aid of complex diagnostic systems making use of advanced computer technology. It is demonstrated that one of causes of the damages is the lack of research activities oriented on recognising random properties of the loads leading to those damages. A proposal is made for the loads acting at a given time t on tribological associations in crankshaft and piston systems of internal combustion engines used as main engines to be considered as random variables Qt. At the same time the loads examined within a given time interval tr ≤ t ≤ tz would be considered stochastic processes {Q(t: t ≥ 0}. Essential properties of the loads of the abovementioned tribological associations are named and explained by formulating hypotheses which need empirical verification. Interval estimation is proposed for estimating the expected value E(Qt of the load Qt acting at time t. A relation is indicated between the mechanical load and the thermal load acting on tribological associations in the ship main engine crankshaft and piston system. A suggestion is formulated that a stochastic form of the relation between these types of load is to be searched for, rather than statistic relation, and a proposal is made to measure the intensity (strength of the stochastic relation using the Czuprow’s convergence coefficient.

  1. Proposed categorization of pathological states of EBV-associated T/natural killer-cell lymphoproliferative disorder (LPD) in children and young adults: overlap with chronic active EBV infection and infantile fulminant EBV T-LPD.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ohshima, Koichi; Kimura, Hiroshi; Yoshino, Tadashi; Kim, Chul Woo; Ko, Young H; Lee, Seung-Suk; Peh, Suat-Cheng; Chan, John K C

    2008-04-01

    EBV-associated T/natural killer (NK)-cell lymphoproliferative disorder (EBV-T/NK LPD) of children and young adults is generally referred to with the blanket nosological term of severe chronic active EBV infection (CAEBV). This disease is rare, associated with high morbidity and mortality, and appears to be more prevalent in East Asian countries. But because there is no grading or categorization system for CAEBV, pathologists and clinicians often disagree regarding diagnosis and therapy. EBV-T/NK LPD includes polyclonal, oligoclonal, and monoclonal proliferation of cytotoxic T and/or NK cells. Moreover, a unique disease previously described as infantile fulminant EBV-associated T-LPD has been identified and overlaps with EBV-T/NK LPD. In the present review a clinicopathological categorization of EBV-T/NK LPD is proposed, based on pathological evaluation and molecular data, as follows: (i) category A1, polymorphic LPD without clonal proliferation of EBV-infected cells; (ii) category A2, polymorphic LPD with clonality; (iii) category A3, monomorphic LPD (T-cell or NK cell lymphoma/leukemia) with clonality; and (iv) category B, monomorphic LPD (T-cell lymphoma) with clonality and fulminant course. Categories A1, A2, and A3 possibly constitute a continuous spectrum and together are equivalent to CAEBV. Category B is the exact equivalent of infantile fulminant EBV-associated T-LPD. It is expected that this categorization system will provide a guide for the better understanding of this disorder. This proposal was approved at the third meeting of the Asian Hematopathology Association (Nagoya, 2006).

  2. A population genetic window into the past and future of the walleye Sander vitreus: relation to historic walleye and the extinct “blue pike” S. v. “glaucus”

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-01-01

    Background Conserving genetic diversity and local adaptations are management priorities for wild populations of exploited species, which increasingly are subject to climate change, habitat loss, and pollution. These constitute growing concerns for the walleye Sander vitreus, an ecologically and economically valuable North American temperate fish with large Laurentian Great Lakes' fisheries. This study compares genetic diversity and divergence patterns across its widespread native range using mitochondrial (mt) DNA control region sequences and nine nuclear DNA microsatellite (μsat) loci, examining historic and contemporary influences. We analyze the genetic and morphological characters of a putative endemic variant– “blue pike” S. v. “glaucus” –described from Lakes Erie and Ontario, which became extinct. Walleye with turquoise-colored mucus also are evaluated, since some have questioned whether these are related to the “blue pike”. Results Walleye populations are distinguished by considerable genetic divergence (mean FST mtDNA = 0.32 ± 0.01, μsat = 0.13 ± 0.00) and substantial diversity across their range (mean heterozygosity mtDNA = 0.53 ± 0.02, μsat = 0.68 ± 0.03). Southern populations markedly differ, possessing unique haplotypes and alleles, especially the Ohio/New River population that houses the oldest haplotype and has the most pronounced divergence. Northern formerly glaciated populations have greatest diversity in Lake Erie (mean heterozygosity mtDNA = 0.79 ± 0.00, μsat = 0.72 ± 0.01). Genetic diversity was much less in the historic Lake Erie samples from 1923–1949 (mean heterozygosity mtDNA = 0.05 ± 0.01, μsat = 0.47 ± 0.06) than today. The historic “blue pike” had no unique haplotypes/alleles and there is no evidence that it comprised a separate taxon from walleye. Turquoise mucus walleye also show no genetic differentiation from other sympatric walleye and

  3. A Proposal of the European Association for the Study of Obesity to Improve the ICD-11 Diagnostic Criteria for Obesity Based on the Three Dimensions Etiology, Degree of Adiposity and Health Risk

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Johannes Hebebrand

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Diagnostic criteria for complex medical conditions caused by a multitude of both genetic and environmental factors should be descriptive and avoid any attribution of causality. Furthermore, the wording used to describe a disorder should be evidence-based and avoid stigmatization of the affected individuals. Both terminology and categorizations should be readily comprehensible for healthcare professionals and guide clinical decision making. Uncertainties with respect to diagnostic issues and their implications may be addressed to direct future clinical research. In this context, the European Association of the Study of Obesity (EASO considers it an important endeavor to review the current ICD-11 Beta Draft for the definition of overweight and obesity and to propose a substantial revision. We aim to provide an overview of the key issues that we deem relevant for the discussion of the diagnostic criteria. We first discuss the current ICD-10 criteria and those proposed in the ICD 11 Beta Draft. We conclude with our own proposal for diagnostic criteria, which we believe will improve the assessment of patients with obesity in a clinically meaningful way.

  4. Potential environmental impacts associated with the proposed ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Part of the overall evaluation of this scheme included an assessment of the potential environmental impacts that could arise. An initial environmental evaluation was conducted from a point approximately 40 kilometres upstream of Rundu in Namibia, to the distal end of the Okavango Delta at Maun in Botswana. Hydrological ...

  5. Valentine Wilderness Proposal Package

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — Collection of documents for the Valentine Wilderness Proposal that includes the Valentine Wilderness Proposal Summary, Publich Hearing Announcement and procedures,...

  6. Proposal for a new mediastinal compartment classification of transverse plane images according to the Japanese Association for Research on the Thymus (JART) General Rules for the Study of Mediastinal Tumors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fujimoto, Kiminori; Hara, Masaki; Tomiyama, Noriyuki; Kusumoto, Masahiko; Sakai, Fumikazu; Fujii, Yoshitaka

    2014-02-01

    There is no existing worldwide published method for mediastinum compartment classification based on transverse section images for the differential diagnosis of mediastinal tumors. Herein, we describe a new method for anatomic mediastinal compartment classification using transverse section computed tomography (CT) images and the use of this method to classify mediastinal lesions, and thus evaluate whether the method is sufficiently user-friendly and useful. In a publication of the Japanese Association for Research on the Thymus (JART), we proposed the following four mediastinal compartments based on transverse CT images: superior portion of mediastinum, anterior mediastinum (prevascular zone), middle mediastinum (peri-tracheoesophageal zone), and posterior mediastinum (paravertebral zone). In the present study, we retrospectively analyzed 445 pathologically proven mediastinal mass lesions, and categorized them into the proposed four compartments by consensus reading. Mass lesions were classified into compartments based on the location of the lesion centroid, and each lesion was satisfactorily categorized into a compartment. Almost all thymic epithelial tumors (99%, 244/246), all 24 thymic malignant lymphomas and a majority of germ cell neoplasms (93%, 54/58) were classified as being in the anterior mediastinum compartment. The majority of intrathoracic goiters (82%, 14/17) were categorized as being in the superior portion of the mediastinum compartment. Approximately two-thirds of mass lesions in the middle mediastinum were cysts, including foregut and pericardial cysts. Approximately 80% of 37 mass lesions in the posterior mediastinum were neurogenic tumors. Correspondingly, 29 of the 49 neurogenic tumors (60%) were categorized as being in the posterior mediastinum, while 10 (20%) were in the superior portion of the mediastinum, 4 (8%) in the anterior mediastinum, and 6 (12%) in the middle mediastinum. Our findings showed that the newly proposed mediastinal

  7. The assessment and management of risks associated with exposures to short-range Auger- and beta-emitting radionuclides. State of the art and proposals for lines of research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paquet, F; Barbey, P; Bardiès, M; Biau, A; Blanchardon, E; Chetioui, A; Lebaron-Jacobs, L; Pasquier, J L

    2013-03-01

    The assessment and management of risks associated with exposures to ionising radiation are defined by the general radiological protection system, proposed by the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP). This system is regarded by a large majority of users as a robust system although there are a number of dissenting voices, claiming that it is not suitable for estimating the risks resulting from internal exposures. One of the specific issues of internal exposure involves short-range radiations such as Auger and beta particles. Auger- and beta-emitting radionuclides can be distributed preferentially in certain tissue structures and even in certain cellular organelles, according to their chemical nature and the vector with which they are associated. Given the limited range of the low-energy electrons in biological matter, this heterogeneous distribution can generate highly localised energy depositions and exacerbate radiotoxic responses at cellular level. These particularities in energy distribution and cellular responses are not taken into account by the conventional methods for the assessment of risk.Alternative systems have been proposed, based on dosimetry conducted at the cellular or even molecular level, whose purpose is to determine the energy deposition occurring within the DNA molecule. However, calculation of absorbed doses at the molecular level is not sufficient to ensure a better assessment of the risks incurred. Favouring such a microdosimetric approach for the risk assessments would require a comprehensive knowledge of the biological targets of radiation, the dose-response relationships at the various levels of organisation, and the mechanisms leading from cellular energy deposition to the appearance of a health detriment. The required knowledge is not fully available today and it is not yet possible to link an intracellular energy deposition to a probability of occurrence of health effects or to use methods based on cellular

  8. CALL FOR PROPOSALS

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Charles

    CALL FOR PROPOSALS. Research Project on: Gender and Enterprise Development in Africa: A Cross-Country Comparative Study. The Institute of Statistical, Social and Economic Research ... calling for research proposals from researchers based in Kenya, Uganda, Mozambique or ... For example, many more women work.

  9. [Ash Meadows Purchase Proposal

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — A proposal sent to the Richard King Mellon Foundation for a loan to fund the purchase of Ash Meadows by the Nature Conservancy. Ash Meadows, set outside of Las Vegas...

  10. The qualitative research proposal

    OpenAIRE

    Klopper, Hester

    2008-01-01

    Qualitative research in the health sciences has had to overcome many prejudices and a number of misunderstandings, but today qualitative research is as acceptable as quantitative research designs and is widely funded and published. Writing the proposal of a qualitative study, however, can be a challenging feat, due to the emergent nature of the qualitative research design and the description of the methodology as a process. Even today, many sub-standard proposals at post-graduate evaluation c...

  11. Proposal Improvements That Work

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dunn, F.

    1998-01-01

    Rocketdyne Propulsion and Power, an operating location of Boeing in Canoga Park, California is under contract with NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) in Huntsville, Alabama for design, development, production, and mission support of Space Shuttle Main Engines (SSMEs). The contract was restructured in 1996 to emphasize a mission contracting environment under which Rocketdyne supports the Space Transportation System launch manifest of seven flights a year without the need for a detailed list of contract deliverables such as nozzles, turbopumps, and combustion devices. This contract structure is in line with the overall Space Shuttle program goals established by the NASA to fly safely, meet the flight manifest, and reduce cost. Rocketdyne's Contracts, Pricing, and Estimating team has worked for the past several years with representatives from MSFC, the local Defense Contract Management Command, and the DCAA to improve the quality of cost proposals to MSFC for contract changes on the SSME. The contract changes on the program result primarily from engineering change proposals for product enhancements to improve safety, maintainability, or operability in the space environment. This continuous improvement team effort has been successful in improving proposal quality, reducing cycle time, and reducing cost. Some of the principal lessons learned are highlighted here to show how proposal improvements can be implemented to enhance customer satisfaction and ensure cost proposals can be evaluated easily by external customers.

  12. 78 FR 51170 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-20

    ... of the Secretary Proposed Collection; Comment Request AGENCY: Defense Finance and Accounting Service... obtain a copy of the proposal and associated collection instruments, please write to the Defense Finance.... Affected Public: Individuals or households. Annual Burden Hours: 300 hours. Number of Respondents: 300...

  13. 78 FR 43182 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-19

    ... of the Secretary Proposed Collection; Comment Request AGENCY: Defense Finance and Accounting Service... of the proposal and associated collection instruments, please write to the Defense Finance and...: Individuals or Households Annual Burden Hours: 209 hours Number of Respondents: 2500 Responses per Respondent...

  14. 78 FR 34994 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-11

    ... Office of the Secretary Proposed Collection; Comment Request AGENCY: Defense Finance and Accounting... of the proposal and associated collection instruments, please write to the Defense Finance and... ineligible dependents. Affected Public: Individuals or households Annual Burden Hours: 17,474 Number of...

  15. 78 FR 43180 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-19

    ... of the Secretary Proposed Collection; Comment Request AGENCY: Defense Finance and Accounting Service... of the proposal and associated collection instruments, please write to the Defense Finance and... the benefit. Affected Public: Individuals or Households. Annual Burden Hours: 230.5 hours. Number of...

  16. 78 FR 56866 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-16

    ... of the Secretary Proposed Collection; Comment Request AGENCY: Defense Finance and Accounting Service... obtain a copy of the proposal and associated collection instruments, please write to the Defense Finance... Public: Individuals or households. Annual Burden Hours: 300 hours. Number of Respondents: 300. Responses...

  17. Draft Legislative Proposals

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Turcan, Romeo V.; Bugaian, Larisa; Niculita, Angela

    2015-01-01

    the objectives of the legislative proposals; discusses risks and challenges that HE in Moldova faces today and in the next 10-15 years; identifies expected outcomes; identifies basic principles on which the process will be founded; proposes a new structure for the HE sector; offers an example...... of a rationalization process, incl., a road map, recommending that there should be 7 universities in Moldova: 3 regional universities and 4 universities in Chisinau (capital); following the principle of clear demarcation between state regulation and institutional university autonomy, specifies universities powers...

  18. OSQAR-CHASE Proposal

    CERN Document Server

    (Pugnat, P; (Sulc, M

    2015-01-01

    For 2015, the OSQAR collaboration will focus on a new proposal for the search of chameleon, a hypothetical scalar particle postulated as a dark energy candidate with an environment-dependant mass. The required experimental set-up has been successfully tested and validated in 2014 at the SM-18 experimental hall. This proposal will focus on the sensitivity that can be reached during the OSQAR chameleon run in 2015 as well as to possible upgrade phases of the experiment for the coming years.

  19. 77 FR 42832 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-20

    ... Robert Mulderig, Certification, Compliance Monitoring, and Evaluation Manager, Community Development... Christopher Stever, Associate Program Manager, Community Development Financial Institutions Fund, U.S... Community Development Financial Institutions Fund Proposed Collection; Comment Request ACTION: Notice and...

  20. "Escola Familia": A Proposal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carani, George; Carani, José; Strong-Wilson, Teresa

    2014-01-01

    "Alphabetização" (literacy) of young children involves a school exclusively devoted to the early years, parental participation, and teachers specialized in early literacy. This is the basis of José Carani's proposal for an "escola familia" in the municipality of Cambé (Brazil). This "Note from the Field," based on our…

  1. Badminton: Course Proposal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yeo, David G.

    A proposal is presented for a Community College of Philadelphia Life Sciences and Allied Health Services course in Badminton. Following a standard cover form, a statement of purpose explains that the course is designed to introduce students to the techniques, knowledge, and strategies of badminton. Next, course goals and a course outline are…

  2. Proposed definition for IUPAC

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    First page Back Continue Last page Overview Graphics. Proposed definition for IUPAC. The hydrogen bond is an attractive interaction between the hydrogen from a group X–H and an atom or a group of atoms Y, in the same or different molecule(s), where there is evidence of a partial bond formation. A list of criteria for the ...

  3. Compliance to The Joint Commission proposed Core Measure set on osteoporosis-associated fracture: review of different secondary fracture prevention programs in an open medical system from 2010 to 2015.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fojas, Ma Conchitina; Southerland, Lauren T; Phieffer, Laura S; Stephens, Julie A; Srivastava, Tanya; Ing, Steven W

    2017-12-01

    There are care gaps in the evaluation and treatment of osteoporosis after a fragility fracture. The Joint Commission is considering adoption of core measures. We compared compliance between two secondary fracture prevention programs in our institution. Incorporating strengths of both may provide the best outcomes for secondary fracture prevention. There are significant care gaps in the evaluation and treatment of osteoporosis after occurrence of fragility fracture. The Joint Commission is considering adoption of a core measure set on osteoporosis-associated fractures, including laboratory assessment, bone density testing, and osteoporosis pharmacologic therapy. We compared compliance to these proposed measures between two secondary fracture prevention programs in patients hospitalized for acute fracture in an open medical system. We conducted a retrospective, single center medical records review of a nurse practitioner-led Fracture Liaison Service (FLS), a physician-led Fracture Prevention Program (FPP), and a historical time without any secondary fracture prevention program (Usual Care) for baseline care. Primary outcomes were the completion of five laboratory tests (calcium, 25-hydroxy vitamin D, renal function, liver function, and complete blood count), order placement and completion of dual x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) scan within 3 months, prescription of osteoporosis medication within 3 months, and medication adherence at 6 months after hospital discharge. Completion of all five laboratory tests was higher in FPP versus FLS (84.7 vs. 36.9%, p < 0.001). DXA scan completion was higher in FPP than FLS but not statistically significant (66.7 vs. 54.9%, p = 0.11). Medication prescription at 3 months and adherence at 6 months were significantly higher in FPP versus FLS (65.3 vs. 24.0%, p < 0.001 and 70.8 vs. 27.7%, p < 0.001, respectively). Incorporating strengths of both FLS (care coordination) and FPP (physician direction) may provide the best outcomes

  4. Proposed Radiation Guidelines

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Davey, C. S.

    2004-07-01

    Current scientific evidence is that radiation at low levels is not harmful, but beneficial. This is borne out by both radiobiology and epidemiology. The ICRP 26 recommended limits of 50 mSv and 5 mSv per annum are comparable with the average natural background levels in Iran and Norway, respectively, and levels five times higher than that quoted for Iran are to be found in some populated parts of this world. The new limits proposed for ionising radiation are generated by comparison to existing recommended limits for essential minerals. There is a range of acceptable exposures to radiation, just as there is for minerals. The replacement for the ICRP 60 recommendations (20 mSv and 1 mSv for radiation workers and public respectively) should be higher limits of 200 mSv and 50 mSv. There should also be minimum recommended annual levels of 10 mSv, for both radiation workers and the public. The consequences of not proposing this change are continuing huge negative impacts to society. In cancer therapy, even the older guidelines caused unnecessary expense and delays. The cost to Canada is astronomical, when one considers the effect of the existing limits on the use of nuclear power, and the resulting use of hydrocarbons and the consequent increase in acid rain, etc. Of course, the same thing can be said of the entire world limited funds are diverted from areas where they would be better applied, and alternative solutions to societal needs are implemented, solutions which increase pollution and cause injury and death. It is time to reverse the current, expensive trend into misapplied ALARA, based on the paranoia about all things nuclear, which has developed since the linear no-threshold hypothesis was first proposed.propose the transition to a realistic and balanced approach to ionising radiation. (Author)

  5. XTEN Nationwide EMS Proposal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1979-01-01

    Essentially what they recom- mended was a notice of inquiry and a notice of proposed rule- making. Thus, the Xerox petition will be examined in more...of a high speed digital communication system which does not use existing switching systems and telephone lines pro- vided by the telco will address the...It is essential for the network to provide commun- ications at all times. Distributed control, rather than central- ized control, aids in

  6. ATF2 Proposal v. 2

    CERN Document Server

    Grishanov, B I; Alabau-Pons, M; Angal-Kalinin, Deepa; Appleby, R; Araki, S; Bailey, I; Bambade, P; Bane, Karl Leopold Freitag; Barlow, R; Blair, G A; Bolzon, B; Boorman, G; Bosco, A; Brachmann, A; Braun, Hans Heinrich; Burrows, P N; Carter, J; Choi, J; Christian, Glenn B; Clarke, C; Dabiri-Khah, A; Dadoun, O; Danagulyan, S; Delerue, N; Dixit, S; Driouichi, C; Elsen E; Gao, J; Geffroy, N; Gronberg, J; Hartin, Anthony F; Hayano, H; Higashi, Y; Himel, T; Honda, Y; Howell, D; Huang, J Y; Iwashita, Y; Jenner, L; Jones, J; Jones, R; Jérémie, A; Kalinin, A; Kanazawa, K; Kang, H S; Karyotakis, Yu; Kim, E S; Kim, S; Komamiya, S; Kourevlev, German Yu; Kubo, K; Kumada, M; Kume, T; Kuriki, M; Kuroda, S; Liu, W; Logatchev, P V; Lyapin, A; Malton, S; Markiewicz, T W; Masuzawa, M; Mihara, T; Miller, D J; Molloy, S; Mtingwa, S; Naito, T; Nan-Phinney, Y; Napoly, O; Nelson, J; Okugi, T; Payet, J; Pei, G X; Pivi, M T F; Podgorny, F; Price, M; Raubenheimer, T O; Reichold, A; Ross, M; Sanuki, T; Schulte, Daniel; Seryi, R A; Solyak, N; Soo Ko In; Spencer, C M; Suehara, T; Sugahara, R; Takahashi, T; Takashi-Boogert, S; Tauchi, T; Telnov, Valery I; Tenenbaum, P G; Terunuma, N; Toge, N; Torrence, E; Urakawa, J; Urner, D; Vogel, V; Walker, N; Wang, J Q; Wendt, M; White, G; Wing, M; Wolski, A; Woodley, M; Yamaoka, H; Yokoya, K; Zimmermann, Frank

    2006-01-01

    For achieving the high luminosity required at the International Linear Collider (ILC), it is critical to focus the beams to nanometer size with the ILC Beam Delivery System (BDS), and to maintain the beam collision with a nanometer-scale stability. To establish the technologies associated with this ultra-high precision beam handling, it has been proposed to implement an ILC-like final focus optics in an extension of the existing extraction beamline of ATF at KEK. The ATF is considered to be the best platform for this exercise, since it provides an adequate ultra-low emittance electron beam in a manner dedicated to the development of ILC. The two major goals for this facility, called ATF2, are : (A) Achievement of a 37 nm beam size, and (B) control of beam position down to 2 nm level. The scientific justification for the ATF2 project and its technical design have been described in Volume 1 of the ATF2 Proposal [1]. We present here Volume 2 of the ATF2 Proposal, in which we present specifics of the construction...

  7. 78 FR 45911 - Foreign-Trade Zone (FTZ) 38-Spartanburg County, South Carolina, Notification of Proposed...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-30

    ... wires; cordsets; lead wire assemblies; lead wire; brushes; ceramic insulators; end fibers; end punching... filter bags; sander pads; felt washers and seals; grinding wheels; sanding discs; iron/metal powder; non...; lead-acid, power pack, NiMH and lithium ion batteries; SA battery packs; car/hand vacuum filter bags...

  8. REQUEST FOR PROPOSAL (RFP)

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    test

    2013-07-17

    Jul 17, 2013 ... Consultant's employees), floods, riots, fires, acts of war or terrorism, explosions, travel advisories or any other cause, whether or not a superior force, beyond Consultant's reasonable control. During any such interruption, the Centre shall not be obliged to pay the rates associated with such interruption of.

  9. Stress: a naturalistic proposal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María de Lourdes Rodríguez Campuzano

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Some of the stress related topics, especially from the conceptual framework of Lazarus and Folkman are reviewed on this work. It is sustained that this approach is dualistic and that the research made from this view is made on the basis of morphological criteria that don’t allow studying important elements of this kind of behavior. From an interbehavioral approach three functional criteria are proposed to study this phenomenon: the functional nature of situations, aptitude levels of behavior, and its three dimensions. Emphasis is made on the singular and individual nature of stress reactions. Finally it is suggested to take into account these functional criteria to develop a generic situational taxonomy to study these reactions as parts of complex behavioral patterns.

  10. Proposed Genetic Classification Algorithm

    OpenAIRE

    José Leandro González González; Omar Mar Cornelio

    2013-01-01

    The extraction of knowledge is the basis for decision making in various processes, data mining beingan area of fundamental knowledge to attain that end. Among the processes used today are ArtificialIntelligence and Statistical Analysis techniques implemented by Association, Clustering, classificationthat are developed using stochastic methods, heuristics, neural networks. However analysis to biologicalproblems give temporary solutions representing low degree of generalization. This research d...

  11. Proposed amendment for Presidential Permit PP-63 and associated modifications to 500 kV international transmission line, Forbes, Minnesota to Manitoba, Canada Northern States Power Company. Final Environmental Assessment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1992-02-01

    Northern States Power Company, (NSP), a Minnesota investor owned utility has applied to the Office of Fossil Energy, United States Department of Energy, to amend Presidential Permit PP-63 to allow for alterations to the 500 kV transmission line and as sedated facilities currently regulated by this permit. The alterations proposed for the 500 kV line owned by NSP are part of a long term effort sponsored by NSP to upgrade the existing NSP transmission system to allow for increased exchange of electricity with the Manitoba Hydro-Electric Board. Presidential Permit PP-63 authorized NSP to construct, connect, operate and maintain a 500 kV line at the United States/Canadian border approximately seven-and-a-half miles west of Warroad in Roseau County, Minnesota. This line connects with a 500 kV line owned and operated by the Manitoba Hydro-Electric Board (MHEB), which extends from Dorsey, Manitoba, Canada to the United States/Canadian border. NSP proposes to increase the electricity transfer capability of this transmission facility by constructing a new 80-acre substation on the existing 500 kV line in Roseau County, Minnesota, and upgrading the existing substation at Forbes, Minnesota. The proposed Roseau substation would contain two 41.5 ohm series capacitor banks. In addition, static VAR compensators are to be installed at the existing Forbes Substation. Approximately 5 acres would be added to the 30-acre Forbes site to house the additional equipment. No new lines would enter or exit the facility. NSP proposes to place the new Roseau Substation in service in May 1993 and to complete the upgrading of the Forbes Substation in March 1994. The primary, initial purpose of these modifications is to enable NSP to import 400 megawatts of electric power from MHEB during the summer months to meet peak electrical demand in the Minneapolis-St. Paul area. It is expected that this power transfer would begin in 1993.

  12. ATF2 Proposal

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Grishanov, Boris Ivanovich; Logachev, Pavel; Podgorny, Fedor; Telnov, Valery; /Novosibirsk, IYF; Angal-Kalinin, Deepa; Appleby, Robert; Jones, James; Kalinin, Alexander; /Daresbury; Napoly, Olivier; Payet, Jacques; /DAPNIA, Saclay; Braun, Hans-Heinrich; Schulte, Daniel; Zimmermann, Frank; /CERN; Barlow, Roger; Bailey, Ian; Jenner, Leo; Jones, Roger; Kourevlev, German; /Daresbury; Walker, Nick; /DESY; Takahasi, Tohru; /Hiroshima U.; Gao, Jie; /Beijing, Inst. High Energy Phys. /Oxford U. /KEK, Tsukuba /Kyoto U., Inst. Chem. Res.

    2005-08-23

    This document is the first of two volumes describing the ATF2 project. The present volume discusses the technical justification for ATF2 and presents a design description. Since the International Committee for Future Accelerator (ICFA) decision on the choice of technology, a world-wide collaboration on the design of the International Linear Collider (ILC) has rapidly progressed [1]. The formation of the Global Design Effort (GDE) will accelerate the work towards a final design. An important technical challenge is obviously the high gradient acceleration but what is similarly challenging is the collision of extremely small beams of a few nanometer size. The latter challenge has three distinct issues: creating small emittance beams, preserving the emittance during acceleration and transport, and focusing the beams to nanometers. Most studies have been done using computer simulations but many issues still remain that require experimental verification. Accelerator Test Facility (ATF) at KEK was built to create small emittance beams, and succeeded in obtaining an emittance that almost satisfies the ILC requirements [2]. In this proposal we present a project, ATF2, which addresses the focusing of the beam into a nanometer spot. The ATF2 project will extend the extraction beamline of the ATF with an ILC-type final focus system to create a tightly focused, stable beam by making use of the small emittance of the ATF. The layout is shown in Figure 1.1. In the longer term, the ATF2 project would also provide invaluable input for the CLIC design of a future multi-TeV collider.

  13. Phenotypic, Genotypic, and Antimicrobial Characteristics of Streptococcus halichoeri Isolates from Humans, Proposal To Rename Streptococcus halichoeri as Streptococcus halichoeri subsp. halichoeri, and Description of Streptococcus halichoeri subsp. hominis subsp. nov., a Bacterium Associated with Human Clinical Infections.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shewmaker, P L; Whitney, A M; Humrighouse, B W

    2016-03-01

    Phenotypic, genotypic, and antimicrobial characteristics of six phenotypically distinct human clinical isolates that most closely resembled the type strain of Streptococcus halichoeri isolated from a seal are presented. Sequencing of the 16S rRNA, rpoB, sodA, and recN genes; comparative whole-genome analysis; conventional biochemical and Rapid ID 32 Strep identification methods; and antimicrobial susceptibility testing were performed on the human isolates, the type strain of S. halichoeri, and type strains of closely related species. The six human clinical isolates were biochemically indistinguishable from each other and showed 100% 16S rRNA, rpoB, sodA, and recN gene sequence similarity. Comparative 16S rRNA gene sequencing analysis revealed 98.6% similarity to S. halichoeri CCUG 48324(T), 97.9% similarity to S. canis ATCC 43496(T), and 97.8% similarity to S. ictaluri ATCC BAA-1300(T). A 3,530-bp fragment of the rpoB gene was 98.8% similar to the S. halichoeri type strain, 84.6% to the S. canis type strain, and 83.8% to the S. ictaluri type strain. The S. halichoeri type strain and the human clinical isolates were susceptible to the antimicrobials tested based on CLSI guidelines for Streptococcus species viridans group with the exception of tetracycline and erythromycin. The human isolates were phenotypically distinct from the type strain isolated from a seal; comparative whole-genome sequence analysis confirmed that the human isolates were S. halichoeri. On the basis of these results, a novel subspecies, Streptococcus halichoeri subsp. hominis, is proposed for the human isolates and Streptococcus halichoeri subsp. halichoeri is proposed for the gray seal isolates. The type strain of the novel subspecies is SS1844(T) = CCUG 67100(T) = LMG 28801(T). Copyright © 2016, American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved.

  14. Charpak, Garwin, propose unit for radiation dose

    CERN Multimedia

    Feder, Toni

    2002-01-01

    Becquerels, curries, grays, rads, rems, roentgens, sieverts - even for specialists the units of radiation can get confusing. That's why two eminent physicists, Georges Charpak of France, and Richard Garwin, are proposing the DARI as a unit of radiation dose they hope will help the public evaluate the risks associated with low-level radiation exposure (1 page)

  15. REQUEST FOR PROPOSAL (RFP) Amendment

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Jayne Bassett

    2013-08-01

    Aug 1, 2013 ... Each applicant must submit a comprehensive and detailed proposal in one, two, or three areas of study. (public health, agriculture, or food security), indicating the area(s) for which they are submitting a proposal. Each proposal must include a separate implementation plan and budget for each of the area(s).

  16. Mitosis trumps T stage and proposed international association for the study of lung cancer/american thoracic society/european respiratory society classification for prognostic value in resected stage 1 lung adenocarcinoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duhig, Edwina Elizabeth; Dettrick, Andrew; Godbolt, David Burleigh; Pauli, John; van Zwieten, Anthony; Hansen, Aaron Richard; Yang, Ian Anthony; Fong, Kwun Meng; Clarke, Belinda Edith; Bowman, Rayleen Veronica

    2015-04-01

    We investigated whether a group of pathologists could reproducibly apply the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer/American Thoracic Society/European Respiratory Society (IASLC/ATS/ERS) classification for lung adenocarcinoma to a cohort of stage 1 tumors and whether this architectural classification and/or other parameters could demonstrate survival advantage. A total of 145 cases of 7 edition of tumor, node, metastasis stage 1 adenocarcinoma were retrospectively reviewed for predominant architectural pattern, including cribriform pattern, nuclear grade, mitotic index, and necrosis. The parameters were assessed for reproducibility and survival and using multivariate analysis, compared with stage, age, and sex. The majority of tumors had a mixed architecture with the acinar pattern being the most common predominant architecture. Micropapillary and cribriform architecture were the least frequent patterns. This study demonstrated that a group of five pathologists could reproducibly apply the IASLC/ATS/ERS classification. Although there were insufficient cribriform-predominant adenocarcinomas for assessment, when the percentage of all cribriform was combined with other architectures, it was associated with a worse prognosis. The majority of the parameters assessed demonstrated significance with univariate analysis but only mitotic index, as assessed by the highest count/10 high-power fields remained significant with multivariate analysis. In this study of resected stage 1 primary lung adenocarcinoma, we found mitotic index to be the only independent prognostic marker. It was more closely associated with outcome than either pathologic T stage or IASLC/ATS/ERS architecture-based classification. Further validation of concordance and reproducibility in reporting mitotic index, as well as validation of prognostic significance, needs to be undertaken in independent data sets.

  17. Proposals for the gradual reduction of the inefficiencies associated with the account of consumption of fossil fuels of isolated systems; Propostas para a gradativa reducao das ineficiencias associadas a conta de consumo de combustiveis fosseis dos sistemas isolados

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Magalhaes, Pedro Coelho de Souza Monteiro; Tiryaki, Gisele Ferreira [Universidade Salvador (UNIFACS), BA (Brazil)

    2008-07-01

    Restricted access to electricity, the existence of an energy matrix based on fossil fueled electricity plants and the lack of financial means by the population living in the Northern region of Brazil to afford the costs with electricity generation, transmission and distribution in the region created the need to implement cross subsidies in the country's Electric Sector Isolated System. The subsidy policies have aimed at allowing the access to electricity for the population and industries in the north of Brazil and at promoting the economic development of this region, but have brought a great cost to society, particularly the Fuel Consumption Account (CCC). This paper evaluates the current structure and the regulatory norms of the electricity sector' subsidies granted to the Isolated Systems, and indicates solutions to the inefficiency associated to cross-subsidization. (author)

  18. Vodja mõisas anti stardipauk rohelisele rahvaliikumisele / Sander Silm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Silm, Sander, 1970-

    2004-01-01

    Järvamaal Vodja mõisas toimunud keskkonnateemalisest arutelust. Korraldajate sekka kuulusid Marek Strandberg, Toomas Trapido ja 1998. a. tegevuse lõpetanud Rohelise Erakonna endine peasekretär Heino Kroon

  19. Dividendipoliitika Eesti suurettevõtetes / Priit Sander, Keith Trumm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sander, Priit, 1973-

    2006-01-01

    Teguritest, millest lähtuvad Eesti suurettevõtted dividendipoliitika kujundamisel. Art. põhineb kahel empiirilisel uurimusel: 150 ettevõtte 1996.-2001. aasta raamatupidamisandmete regressioonianalüüsil ning 2004. a. tehtud ettevõtete küsitlusuuringul. Skeemid. Tabelid

  20. Linn kui rikastav keskkond kultuuri peeglis / Sander Alfred Liivak

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Liivak, Sander Alfred

    1999-01-01

    12.-13. VIII Tartu Ülikooli kunstide osakonna korraldatud rahvusvaheline seminar "Linnakultuur ja keskkonnakunst". Aasa Musta, Rein Veidemanni, Agnes Trump'i, Martti Preemi, Paulina Ahokase, Enn Siimeri, Raho Langsepa, Riitta Mänty, Irja Alakivi, Katriin Fischi, Hanna Johanssoni ettekannetest. Janna Syvänoja loomingust näidati videofilmi.

  1. Nelson ja Rodney - inglaste erandlikud lahingulaevad / Sander Kingsepp

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kingsepp, Sander

    2006-01-01

    1922. aastal Washingtonis alla kirjutatud mereväerelvastuse lepe läks ajalukku äpardunud katsena võidurelvastamisele piir panna. Leppega ühinenud riigid hakkasid ilmutama veidra välimusega sõjalaevu, mille seas olid aukohal Briti alused "Nelson" ja "Rodney"

  2. DIGITAL FLOOD INSURANCE RATE MAP DATABASE, SANDERS COUNTY, MONTANA, USA

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department of Homeland Security — The Digital Flood Insurance Rate Map (DFIRM) Database depicts flood risk Information And supporting data used to develop the risk data. The primary risk;...

  3. Finantshierarhia teooria ja finantseerimisotsused Eesti ettevõtetes / Priit Sander

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sander, Priit, 1973-

    2003-01-01

    Finantshierarhia (pecking order) kujutab endast sisuliselt finantseerimisallikate paremusjärjestust. Ettevõte kasutab enne ära soodsamad finantseerimisallikad ja siis võtab tarvitusele vähemsoodsad. Tabelid

  4. Blistering rash in a young male child | Sanders | South African ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... lower limbs. He had visited three different general practitioners prior to presentation and had been given several drugs and ointments, including three different classes of antibiotics. During his admission, the diagnosis of linear IgA bullous dermatitis was made. Dapsone and prednisone were given and he recovered well.

  5. Klaasikunstnikud puhuvad ja valavad klaasi taas Haapsalus / Maris Sander

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sander, Maris

    2004-01-01

    Haapsalu 2. klaasipäevad "Maritima" (lad. keeles mereäärne) Evald Okase majamuuseumis. Osa võtavad kunstnikud Eestist, Koreast, Jaapanist ja Kanadast. Korraldaja Kai Koppel. Kommentaar Kati Kerstna. Valminud tööd pannakse näitusele

  6. Tarmo Põkka päästab majanduse! / Maris Sander

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sander, Maris

    2010-01-01

    Tarmo Põkka on seisukohal, et kui iga eestlane hakkaks iga nädal tarbima 100 krooni võrra rohkem, kasvaks Eesti majandus 5%. Tema projektist 2010.ee, millega kogutud raha kavatseb ta panustada Eesti majanduse elavdamiseks raha uuesti ringlusse paiskamisega

  7. Mart Sander ja Julie Hagen-Schwarz / Ants Juske

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Juske, Ants, 1956-2016

    2009-01-01

    Mart Sanderi galerii "Galerii" (Sakala 18, Tallinn) avanäitusest. Eksponeeritud baltisaksa naiskunstniku Julie Wilhelmine Hagen-Schwarzi maalid, mis on pärit erakogudest. Väljas on ka Mart Sanderi tehtud koopia Julie Hagen-Schwarzi autoportreest (1855). Julie Hagen-Schwarzist ja tema loomingust

  8. Nitrofert sõltub maailmaturu tõmbetuultest / Sander Silm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Silm, Sander, 1970-

    2005-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Delovõje Vedomosti-Severo-Vostok 7. sept. lk. 5. TOP-i 1. koht. AS Nitrofert on edukas väetiseturul. Diagramm. Vt. samas: Keemiatööstus on Eestis muutunud marginaalseks tootmisharuks; Nitrofert on suurim maagaasitarbija

  9. Pulsar/Supernova Remnant Associations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaspi, Victoria M.

    1996-01-01

    We list and review proposed pulsar/supernova remnant associations, summarize recent highlights in the field, including searches for young pulsars, searches for remnants, recent studies of previously proposed associations, and attempts at pulsar/remnant association synthesis. we argue that most proposed pulsar/supernova remnant associations require additional investigation before they can be considered secure, and we suggest directions for future work.

  10. Committee Proposals and Restrictive Rules

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Jeffrey S. Banks

    1999-01-01

    I analyze a game-theoretic model of committee-legislature interaction in which a majority decision to adopt either an open or closed amendment rule occurs following the committee's proposal of a bill...

  11. Proposed Coastal Critical Habitat Areas

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — When a species is proposed for listing as endangered or threatened under the Endangered Species Act, NOAA National Marine Fisheries Service and the U.S. Fish &...

  12. Grazing planning proposal : Valentine NWR

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This proposal is submitted with the intention of maximizing the long term quality and quantity of undisturbed cover and in particular preferred nesting cover for...

  13. Wilderness Record: Valentine Wilderness Proposal

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This reference is an assemblage of documents related to the Valentine Wilderness Proposal that were bound together into a single record in January, 1972. The...

  14. Hawaiian Islands Wilderness proposal announcement

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This document is a letter from the Bureau of Sport Fisheries and Wildlife stating that documents pertaining to the Hawaiian Islands Wilderness proposal have been...

  15. Deconstructing (2,0) proposals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lambert, N.; Papageorgakis, C.; Schmidt-Sommerfeld, M.

    2013-07-01

    We examine the relationships between three proposals for the six-dimensional (2,0) theory: the discrete light-cone quantization (DLCQ) of Aharony et al. [Adv. Theor. Math. Phys. 1, 148 (1998); Adv. Theor. Math. Phys. 2, 119 (1998)], the deconstruction prescription of Arkani-Hamed et al. [J. High Energy Phys. 01 (2003) 083], and the five-dimensional maximally supersymmetric Yang-Mills proposal of Douglas and Lambert et al. [J. High Energy Phys. 02 (2011) 011; J. High Energy Phys. 01 (2011) 083]. We show that Arkani-Hamed et al. gives a deconstruction of five-dimensional maximally supersymmetric Yang-Mills. The proposal of Aharony et al. uses a subset of the degrees of freedom of five-dimensional Yang-Mills, and we show that compactification of it on a circle of finite radius agrees with the DLCQ arising from the proposal of Douglas and Lambert et al. or from the deconstruction proposal of Arkani-Hamed et al.

  16. Proposals for iterated hash functions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Knudsen, Lars Ramkilde; Thomsen, Søren Steffen

    2006-01-01

    some generic attacks. We also give a concrete proposal for a new hash function construction, given a secure compression function which, unlike in typical existing constructions, is not required to be resistant to all types of collisions. Finally, we show how members of the SHA-family can be turned......The past few years have seen an increase in the number of attacks on cryptographic hash functions. These include attacks directed at specific hash functions, and generic attacks on the typical method of constructing hash functions. In this paper we discuss possible methods for protecting against...... into constructions of our proposed type....

  17. Proposals for Iterated Hash Functions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Knudsen, Lars Ramkilde; Thomsen, Søren Steffen

    2008-01-01

    some generic attacks. We also give a concrete proposal for a new hash function construction, given a secure compression function which, unlike in typical existing constructions, is not required to be resistant to all types of collisions. Finally, we show how members of the SHA-family can be turned......The past few years have seen an increase in the number of attacks on cryptographic hash functions. These include attacks directed at specific hash functions, and generic attacks on the typical method of constructing hash functions. In this paper we discuss possible methods for protecting against...... into constructions of our proposed type....

  18. 76 FR 38943 - Notice of Order Soliciting Community Proposals

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-01

    ... FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Aloha Ley, Office of Aviation Analysis, 1200 New Jersey Ave, SE., W86-310...); Attach any letters of support to the proposal, which should be addressed to Aloha Ley, Associate Director...

  19. Proposal to Reduce Sports Scholarships Assailed as Unfair.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lederman, Douglas

    1987-01-01

    The National Collegiate Athletic Association's proposed reductions in scholarships, affecting most non-revenue sports but sparing big-time football, are widely criticized for their disproportionate effects on women and minority groups. (MSE)

  20. Call for Outline Research Proposals

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    IDRC CRDI

    2013-07-25

    Jul 25, 2013 ... The program will support a variety of research methodologies and approaches, with an emphasis .... Proposals from all social-science disciplines that can contribute to the theme are encouraged. Multi- .... IDRC has concluded general agreements for scientific and technical cooperation with a number of.

  1. 77 FR 19747 - Proposed Cancelation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-02

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Office of the Secretary Proposed Cancelation of the Air Taxi Authority Of VIH Cougar Helicopters, Inc... cause why it should not issue an order finding that VIH Cougar Helicopters, Inc. is not a U.S. citizen...

  2. Addendum to the CLOUD proposal

    CERN Document Server

    Fastrup, B; Lillestøl, Egil; Thorn, E; Bosteels, Michel; Gonidec, A; Kirkby, Jasper; Mele, S; Minginette, P; Nicquevert, Bertrand; Schinzel, D; Seidl, W; Grundsøe, P; Marsh, N D; Polny, J; Svensmark, H; Viisanen, Y; Kurvinen, K L; Orava, Risto; Hämeri, K; Kulmala, M; Laakso, I; Mäkelä, J M; O'Dowd, C D; Afrosimov, V; Basalaev, A; Panov, M; Laaksonen, B D; Joutsensaari, J; Ermakov, V; Makhmutov, V S; Maksumov, O; Pokrevsky, P; Stozhkov, Yu I; Svirzhevsky, N S; Carslaw, K; Yin, Y; Trautmann, T; Arnold, F; Wohlfrom, K H; Hagen, D; Schmitt, J; Whitefield, P; Aplin, K; Harrison, R G; Bingham, R; Close, Francis Edwin; Gibbins, C; Irving, A; Kellett, B; Lockwood, M; Petersen, D; Szymanski, W W; Wagner, P E; Vrtala, A; CERN. Geneva. SPS-PS Experiments Committee

    2000-01-01

    This report is the first of two addenda to the CLOUD proposal at CERN (physics/0104048), which aims to test experimentally the existence a link between cosmic rays and cloud formation, and to understand the microphysical mechanism. The document provides further details on the detector design, scientific motivation and experimental programme.

  3. Alternative Research Center, A Proposal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palmer, Roger C.

    A brief review of the recent years of civil dissent and conflict in the U.S. and the underground press movement is presented as an introduction to this proposal that the university library of the State University of New York at Buffalo establish a system to acquire and house alternative materials. The author, assistant reference librarian,…

  4. Antiviral drug research proposal activity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Injaian, Lisa; Smith, Ann C; Shipley, Jennifer German; Marbach-Ad, Gili; Fredericksen, Brenda

    2011-01-01

    The development of antiviral drugs provides an excellent example of how basic and clinical research must be used together in order to achieve the final goal of treating disease. A Research Oriented Learning Activity was designed to help students to better understand how basic and clinical research can be combined toward a common goal. Through this project students gained a better understanding of the process of scientific research and increased their information literacy in the field of virology. The students worked as teams to research the many aspects involved in the antiviral drug design process, with each student becoming an "expert" in one aspect of the project. The Antiviral Drug Research Proposal (ADRP) culminated with students presenting their proposals to their peers and local virologists in a poster session. Assessment data showed increased student awareness and knowledge of the research process and the steps involved in the development of antiviral drugs as a result of this activity.

  5. Antiviral Drug Research Proposal Activity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lisa Injaian

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available The development of antiviral drugs provides an excellent example of how basic and clinical research must be used together in order to achieve the final goal of treating disease. A Research Oriented Learning Activity was designed to help students to better understand how basic and clinical research can be combined toward a common goal. Through this project students gained a better understanding of the process of scientific research and increased their information literacy in the field of virology. The students worked as teams to research the many aspects involved in the antiviral drug design process, with each student becoming an "expert" in one aspect of the project. The Antiviral Drug Research Proposal (ADRP culminated with students presenting their proposals to their peers and local virologists in a poster session. Assessment data showed increased student awareness and knowledge of the research process and the steps involved in the development of antiviral drugs as a result of this activity.

  6. Committee proposals and restrictive rules.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Banks, J S

    1999-07-06

    I analyze a game-theoretic model of committee-legislature interaction in which a majority decision to adopt either an open or closed amendment rule occurs following the committee's proposal of a bill. I find that, in equilibrium, the closed rule is almost always chosen when the dimension of the policy space is >1. Furthermore, the difference between the equilibrium outcome and that which would have occurred under the open rule can be arbitrarily small.

  7. Committee proposals and restrictive rules

    OpenAIRE

    Jeffrey S. Banks

    1999-01-01

    I analyze a game-theoretic model of committee–legislature interaction in which a majority decision to adopt either an open or closed amendment rule occurs following the committee’s proposal of a bill. I find that, in equilibrium, the closed rule is almost always chosen when the dimension of the policy space is >1. Furthermore, the difference between the equilibrium outcome and that which would have occurred under the open rule can be arbitrarily small.

  8. Risk Equity: A New Proposal

    OpenAIRE

    Adler, Matthew D.

    2007-01-01

    This Article proposes a rigorous framework for analyzing the distributive impacts of risk regulation policies. This framework, which I term "probabilistic population profile analysis (PPPA)," is novel, yet firmly grounded in the social-welfare-function tradition in welfare economics. The PPPA framework conceptualizes the status quo and each possible policy as probability distributions across population profiles -- where each population profile is, in turn, a concatenation of lifetime health-l...

  9. A library of 7TM receptor C-terminal tails - Interactions with the proposed post-endocytic sorting proteins ERM-binding phosphoprotein 50 (EBP50), N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor (NSF), sorting nexin 1 (SNX1), and G protein-coupled receptor-associated sorting protein (GASP)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Heydorn, A.; Sondergaard, B.P.; Ersbøll, Bjarne Kjær

    2004-01-01

    sequestration through interactions, mainly with the C-terminal intracellular tails of the receptors. A library of tails from 59 representative members of the super family of seven-transmembrane receptors was probed as glutathione S-transferase fusion proteins for interactions with four different adaptor...... only a single receptor tail, i.e. the beta(2)-adrenergic receptor, whereas N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor bound 11 of the tail-fusion proteins. Of the two proteins proposed to target receptors for lysosomal degradation, sorting nexin 1 (SNX1) bound 10 and the C-terminal domain of G protein......-coupled receptor-associated sorting protein bound 23 of the 59 tail proteins. Surface plasmon resonance analysis of the binding kinetics of selected hits from the glutathione S-transferase pull-down experiments, i.e. the tails of the virally encoded receptor US28 and the delta-opioid receptor, confirmed...

  10. A proposed UAV for indoor patient care.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Todd, Catherine; Watfa, Mohamed; El Mouden, Yassine; Sahir, Sana; Ali, Afrah; Niavarani, Ali; Lutfi, Aoun; Copiaco, Abigail; Agarwal, Vaibhavi; Afsari, Kiyan; Johnathon, Chris; Okafor, Onyeka; Ayad, Marina

    2015-09-10

    Indoor flight, obstacle avoidance and client-server communication of an Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) raises several unique research challenges. This paper examines current methods and associated technologies adapted within the literature toward autonomous UAV flight, for consideration in a proposed system for indoor healthcare administration with a quadcopter. We introduce Healthbuddy, a unique research initiative towards overcoming challenges associated with indoor navigation, collision detection and avoidance, stability, wireless drone-server communications and automated decision support for patient care in a GPS-denied environment. To address the identified research deficits, a drone-based solution is presented. The solution is preliminary as we develop and refine the suggested algorithms and hardware system to achieve the research objectives.

  11. Varied Search Protocols Lead to Clinically Relevant Results. A review of: Patel, Manesh R., Connie M. Schardt, Linda L. Sanders, and Sheri A. Keitz. “Randomized Trial for Answers to Clinical Questions: Evaluating a Pre‐Appraised Versus a MEDLINE Search Protocol.” Journal of the Medical Library Association 94.4 (2006: 382‐6.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcy L. Brown

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Objective – To determine the success rate of electronic resources for answering clinical questions by comparing speed, validity, and applicability of two different protocols for searching the medical literature.Design – Randomized trial with results judged by blinded panel.Setting – Duke University Medical Center in Durham, North Carolina, United States ofAmerica.Subjects – Thirty‐two 2nd and 3rd year internal medicine residents on an eight week general medicine rotation at the Duke University Medical Center.Methods – Two search protocols were developed:Protocol A: Participants searched MEDLINE first, and then searched pre‐appraised resources if needed.Protocol B: Participants searched pre‐appraised resources first, which included UpToDate, ACP JournalClub, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, and DARE. The residents then searched MEDLINE if an answer could not be found in the 66 initial group of pre‐appraised resources. Residents were randomised by computer-assisted block order into four blocks of eight residents each. Two blocks were assigned to Protocol A, and two to Protocol B. Each day, residents developed at least one clinical question related to caring for patients. The questions were transcribed onto pocket-sized cards, with the answer sought later using the assigned protocol. If answers weren’t found using either protocol, searches were permitted in other available resources. When an article that answered a question was found, the resident recorded basic information about the question and the answer as well as the time required to find the answer (less than five minutes; between five and ten minutes; or more than ten minutes. Residents were to select answers that were “methodologically sound and clinically important” (384. Ten faculty members formally trained in evidence‐based medicine (EBM reviewed a subset of therapy‐related questions and answers. The reviewers, who were blinded to the search protocols, judged the applicability and internal validity of the answers.Results – In total, 120 questions were searched using protocol A and 133 using protocol B; 104 answers were found by the protocol A group and 117 by the protocol B group. In protocol A, 97 answers were found in MEDLINE (80.8% and six answers were found in pre‐appraised resources(5.0%. In protocol B, 85 answers were foundin pre‐appraised resources (64.6% and 31 were found in MEDLINE (23.3%. UpToDate was the major resource for answers in protocol B. A statistically greater number of answers were found in less than five minutes in protocol B (pConclusion – The study demonstrates that to find answers to as many clinical questions as possible, “residents and clinicians need access to both pre-appraised resources and MEDLINE” (385. Pre-appraised resources were faster to search, but their coverage was not as comprehensive. MEDLINE is comprehensive, but takes more time to search effectively and requires that the clinician or student have some knowledge of critical appraisal in order to judge relevance and applicability of found articles. Protocol B may be difficult to implement in many institutions because of the high cost of pre-appraised resources.

  12. Trump proposes initial healthcare agenda

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robbins RA

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available No abstract available. Article truncated at 150 words. On Friday, November 11, President-elect Trump proposed a healthcare agenda on his website greatagain.gov (1. Yesterday, November 12, he gave an interview on 60 Minutes clarifying his positions (2. Trump said that he wanted to focus on healthcare and has proposed to: •Repeal all of the Affordable Care Act; •Allow the sale of health insurance across state lines; •Make the purchase of health insurance fully tax deductible; •Expand access to the health savings accounts;•Increase price transparency; •Block grant Medicaid; •Lower entrance barriers to new producers of drugs. In his 60 Minutes interview Trump reiterated that two provisions of the ACA – prohibition of pre-existing conditions exclusion and ability for adult children to stay on parents insurance plans until age 26 – have his support (2. Other aspects of the ACA that might receive his support were not discussed. On the Department of Veterans’ Affairs ...

  13. Flora: A Proposed Hyperspectral Mission

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ungar, Stephen; Asner, Gregory; Green, Robert; Knox, Robert

    2006-01-01

    In early 2004, one of the authors (Stephen Ungar, NASA GSFC) presented a mission concept called "Spectrasat" at the AVIRIS Workshop in Pasadena, CA. This mission concept grew out of the lessons learned from the Earth Observing-One (EO-1) Hyperion Imaging Spectrometer and was structured to more effectively accomplish the types of studies conducted with Hyperion. The Spectrasat concept represented an evolution of the technologies and operation strategies employed on EO-I. The Spectrasat concept had been preceded by two community-based missions proposed by Susan Ustin, UC Davis and Robert Green, NASA JPL. As a result of community participation, starting at this AVIRIS Workshop, the Spectrasat proposal evolved into the Flora concept which now represents the combined visions of Gregory Asner (Carnegie Institute), Stephen Ungar, Robert Green and Robert Knox, NASA GSFC. Flora is a proposed imaging spectrometer mission, designed to address global carbon cycle science issues. This mission centers on measuring ecological disturbance for purposes of ascertaining changes in global carbon stocks and draws heavily on experience gained through AVIRIS airborne flights and Hyperion space born flights. The observing strategy exploits the improved ability of imaging spectrometers, as compared with multi-spectral observing systems, to identify vegetation functional groups, detect ecosystem response to disturbance and assess the related discovery. Flora will be placed in a sun synchronous orbit, with a 45 meter pixel size, a 90 km swath width and a 31 day repeat cycle. It covers the spectral range from 0.4 to 2.5 micrometers with a spectral sampling interval of 10 nm. These specifications meet the needs of the Flora science team under the leadership of Gregory Asner. Robert Green, has introduced a spectrometer design for Flora which is expected to have a SNR of 600: 1 in the VNIR and 450: 1 in the SWIR. The mission team at NASA GSFC is designing an Intelligent Payload Module (IPM

  14. Point: Proposing the Electrokinetic Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moeller, Marcus J.; Kuppe, Christoph

    2015-01-01

    It is still not fully resolved how the glomerular filter works and why it never clogs. Several models have been proposed. In this review, we will compare the most widely used “pore model” to the more recent and refined “electrokinetic model” of glomerular filtration. The pore model assumes the existence of highly ordered regular pores, but it cannot provide a mechanistic explanation for several of the inherent characteristics of the glomerular filter. The electrokinetic model assumes that streaming potentials generate an electrical field along the filter surface which repels the negatively charged plasma proteins, preventing them from passing across the filter. The electrokinetic model can provide elegant mechanistic solutions for most of the unresolved riddles about the glomerular filter. PMID:25700457

  15. CAST Physics Proposal to SPSC

    CERN Document Server

    CAST, Collaboration

    2011-01-01

    The CAST experiment has the potential to search for solar axions (dark matter particle candidates) or other particles with similar coupling. E.g., paraphtons (Hidden Sector), chameleons (dark energy), while considering the possibility whether CAST could be transformed to an antenna for relic axions with rest mass up to 0.1 to 1meV. While axion searches suggest detectors with lower background, paraphoton and chameleon searches require detectors with sub-keV threshold energy and the use of transparent windows in front of the Micromegas detectors, which cover 3 out of the 4 CAST magnet exits. Ongoing theoretical estimates and experimental investigations will define the priorities of the suggested 4 physics items of this proposal for the period 2012-2014.

  16. Human demodicosis: revisit and a proposed classification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, W; Plewig, G

    2014-06-01

    Human Demodex mites (Demodex folliculorum and Demodex brevis) hold a high rank in the evolutionary and phylogenetic hierarchy of the skin microbiome, although in most people their presence is of no consequence. While human demodicosis is a skin disease sui generis, it can mimic many other inflammatory dermatoses, such as folliculitis, rosacea and perioral dermatitis, leading to unspecific and confusing descriptions in the literature. Here, we propose to classify human demodicosis into a primary form and a secondary form, which is associated mainly with immunosuppression. The clinical manifestations of primary demodicosis may include (i) spinulate demodicosis, currently known as pityriasis folliculorum, involving sebaceous hair follicles without visible inflammation; (ii) papulopustular/nodulocystic or conglobate demodicosis with pronounced inflammation affecting most commonly the perioral and periorbital areas of the face; (iii) ocular demodicosis, inducing chronic blepharitis, chalazia or, less commonly, keratoconjunctivitis; and (iv) auricular demodicosis causing external otitis or myringitis. Secondary demodicosis is usually associated with systemic or local immunosuppression. Treatment is only weakly evidence based, and the most effective concentrations of acaricides remain to be determined. Optimization of an in vitro or ex vivo culture model is necessary for future studies. Endosymbiosis between certain bacteria and Demodex mites in the pathogenesis of demodicosis deserves more attention. Further clinical observations and experiments are needed to prove our hypothesis. © 2014 British Association of Dermatologists.

  17. 76 FR 81959 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection: Comment Request; Homelessness Prevention Study Site...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-29

    ... URBAN DEVELOPMENT Notice of Proposed Information Collection: Comment Request; Homelessness Prevention... following information: Title of Proposal: Homelessness Prevention Study Site Visits. OMB Control Number, if... requirements associated with HUD's Homelessness Prevention Study Site Visits. This information collection...

  18. A Proposed Neurological Interpretation of Language Evolution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ardila, Alfredo

    2015-01-01

    Since the very beginning of the aphasia history it has been well established that there are two major aphasic syndromes (Wernicke's-type and Broca's-type aphasia); each one of them is related to the disturbance at a specific linguistic level (lexical/semantic and grammatical) and associated with a particular brain damage localization (temporal and frontal-subcortical). It is proposed that three stages in language evolution could be distinguished: (a) primitive communication systems similar to those observed in other animals, including nonhuman primates; (b) initial communication systems using sound combinations (lexicon) but without relationships among the elements (grammar); and (c) advanced communication systems including word-combinations (grammar). It is proposed that grammar probably originated from the internal representation of actions, resulting in the creation of verbs; this is an ability that depends on the so-called Broca's area and related brain networks. It is suggested that grammar is the basic ability for the development of so-called metacognitive executive functions. It is concluded that while the lexical/semantic language system (vocabulary) probably appeared during human evolution long before the contemporary man (Homo sapiens sapiens), the grammatical language historically represents a recent acquisition and is correlated with the development of complex cognition (metacognitive executive functions).

  19. Survey of Ada (Trademark)-Based PDLs (Program Design Language).

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-01-01

    documentation consists of a single reference manual. In order to support the use of the PDL in a multi- lingual environment, the manual provides...Contact: Timothy Porter Tel: 619-293-7500 PDL Identification: Sanders Ada/PDL Organization: Sanders Associates, Inc. Federal Systems Group 95 Canal ...M. Blasewitz Tel: 609-541-7000 Organization: Sanders Associates, Inc. Federal Systems Group 95 Canal Street Nashua, NH 03061 PDL Identification

  20. A Proposed Code Of Ethics For Infrared Thermographic Professionals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roberts, Charles C.

    1987-05-01

    The American Heritage Dictionary defines ethics as "The general study of morals and of specific moral choices to be made by the individual in his relationship with others". A code of ethics defines these moral relationships to encourage integrity throughout a profession. A defined code of ethics often yields credibility to an organization or association of professionals. This paper outlines a proposed code of ethics for practitioners in the infrared thermographic field. The proposed code covers relationships with the public, clients, other professionals and employers. The proposed code covers credentials, capabilities, thermograms, compensation and safety.

  1. CERN Pensions: A constructive proposal

    CERN Document Server

    Staff Association

    2014-01-01

      A new endangering of the Pension Fund   In 2010 and 2011 Council adopted a package of measures (see Echo 195 for background information) that commits staff, retirees and the Organization to all contribute to the balancing of the Pension Fund by 2041. In particular, CERN’s Member States agreed to pay a special contribution of 60 MCHF per year for 30 years or until full funding is achieved, if this arrives sooner. Today, less than four years later, some Member States already want to find ways to come back on their commitment. The fact that one of the parties that accepted the package wants to change its commitment unilaterally is in evident disagreement with the 2011 Council resolution(1)  and therefore unacceptable. Nevertheless to be helpful we put forward a constructive proposal. Special contribution or...   Currently the Fund has a yearly outflow of around 300 MCHF to pay pension benefits of which some 60 MCHF (approximately 20% of pensions received) a...

  2. ATF2 Proposal v.1

    CERN Document Server

    Braun, H; Logatchev, P V; Podgorny, Fedor; Telnov, Valery I; Angal-Kalinin, Deepa; Appleby, Robert; Jones, James; Kalinin, Alexander; Napoly, Olivier; Payet, Jacques; Braun, Hans Heinrich; Schulte, Daniel; Zimmermann, Frank; Barlow, Roger J; Bailey, Ian Richard; Jenner, Leo; Jones, Roger; Kourevlev, German Yu; Walker, Nick; Takahasi, Tohru; Gao, Jie; Liu Wei Bin; Pei Guo Xi; Wang Jiu Qing; Delerue, Nicolas; Dixit, Sudhir; Howell, David Francis; Reichold, Armin; Agapov, Ilya V; Blair, Grahame A; Boorman, Gary; Carter, John; Driouichi, Chafik; Price, Michael T; Araki, Sakae; Hayano, Hitoshi; Higashi, Yasuo; Honda, Yosuke; Kanazawa, Ken Ichi; Kubo, Kiyoshi; Kume, Tatsuya; Kuriki, Masao; Kuroda, Shigeru; Masuzawa, Mika; Naito, Takashi; Okugi, Toshiyuki; Sugahara, Ryuhei; Tauchi, Toshiaki; Terunuma, Nobuhiro; Toge, Nobu; Urakawa, Junji; Vogel, Vladimir; Yamaoka, Hiroshi; Yokoya, Kaoru; Yoshihisa, Iwashita; Mihara, Takanori; Bambade, Philip; Wolski, Andrzej; Gronberg, Jeff; Takashi Boogert, Stewart; Lyapin, A; Malton, Stephen; Miller, David J; Kumada, Masayuki; Danagulyan, S; Torrence, Eric; Choi Jinh Yuk; Huang Jung Yun; Sik Kang Heung; Kim, E S; Kim Seungh Wan; Soo Ko In; Burrows, P N; Christian, Glenn B; Clarke, Christine; Hartin, Anthony F; Dabiri-Khah, Hamid; Molloy, Stephen; Bane, Karl Leopold Freitag; Brachmann, Axel; Himel, Thomas; Markiewicz, Thomas W; Nelson, Janice; Nosochkov, Yuri; Phinney, Nan; Torino, Mauro; Pivi, Francesco; Raubenheimer, T O; Ross, Marc; Ruland, R E; Seryi, Andrei; Spencer, Cherrill M; Tenenbaum, P G; Woodley, Mark; Komamiya, Sachio; Sanuki, Tomoyuki; Suehara, T

    2005-01-01

    Since the ICFA decision on the choice of technology, a world-wide collaboration on the design of the ILC has rapidly progressed. The formation of the GDE will accelerate the work towards a final design. An important technical challenge is obviously the high gradient acceleration but what is similarly challenging is the collision of extremely small beams of a few nanometer size. The latter challenge has three distinct issues: creating small emittance beams, preserving the emittance during acceleration and transport, and focusing the beams to nanometers. Most studies have been done using computer simulations but many issues still remain that require experimental verification. KEK-ATF was built to create small emittance beams, and succeeded in obtaining an emittance that almost satisfies the ILC requirements. In this proposal we present a project, ATF2, which addresses the third issue, namely the focusing of the beam into nanometer spot.ybr> In the longer term, the ATF2 project would also provide invaluable inpu...

  3. 77 FR 11106 - Proposed Agency Information Collection

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-24

    ... (LOI), Preproposals, Interagency Proposals, and DOE National Laboratory Proposals; System Registration... proposals, preproposals, and Letters Of Intent (LOI) (assuming one person per estimated submission). 2,000... become a registered PAMS user. Both LOI and pre-proposal forms take 15 minutes each, whereas completing a...

  4. American Thyroid Association Guidelines on the Management of Thyroid Nodules and Differentiated Thyroid Cancer Task Force Review and Recommendation on the Proposed Renaming of Encapsulated Follicular Variant Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma Without Invasion to Noninvasive Follicular Thyroid Neoplasm with Papillary-Like Nuclear Features.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haugen, Bryan R; Sawka, Anna M; Alexander, Erik K; Bible, Keith C; Caturegli, Patrizio; Doherty, Gerard M; Mandel, Susan J; Morris, John C; Nassar, Aziza; Pacini, Furio; Schlumberger, Martin; Schuff, Kathryn; Sherman, Steven I; Somerset, Hilary; Sosa, Julie Ann; Steward, David L; Wartofsky, Leonard; Williams, Michelle D

    2017-04-01

    American Thyroid Association (ATA) leadership asked the ATA Thyroid Nodules and Differentiated Thyroid Cancer Guidelines Task Force to review, comment on, and make recommendations related to the suggested new classification of encapsulated follicular variant papillary thyroid carcinoma (eFVPTC) without capsular or vascular invasion to noninvasive follicular thyroid neoplasm with papillary-like nuclear features (NIFTP). The task force consists of members from the 2015 guidelines task force with the recusal of three members who were authors on the paper under review. Four pathologists and one endocrinologist were added for this specific review. The manuscript proposing the new classification and related literature were assessed. It is recommended that the histopathologic nomenclature for eFVPTC without invasion be reclassified as a NIFTP, given the excellent prognosis of this neoplastic variant. This is a weak recommendation based on moderate-quality evidence. It is also noted that prospective studies are needed to validate the observed patient outcomes (and test performance in predicting thyroid cancer outcomes), as well as implications on patients' psychosocial health and economics.

  5. Proposed national HIV testing policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lal, S; Thakur, B B

    1993-11-01

    The National AIDS Control Organization of India is preparing a draft policy document on a national HIV testing policy. This paper presents some of the pertinent issues proposed for incorporation into that policy. Any testing procedure undertaken in the country must be in accordance with and part of the comprehensive control program on HIV. Testing upon an individual may be done to identify an individual infected with HIV for the diagnosis of clinically suspected AIDS, voluntary testing at the behest of the client, and for non-health purposes. For example, testing is also permitted to monitor the trend of HIV infection in a population or subgroup to guide eventual intervention; to test blood, organs, or tissue destined for donation; and for research on HIV infection. Such testing must be supported by social support and the means for intervention even if the testing is refused and ultimately not performed. All mandatory linked testing should be discouraged when it tends to identify an individual. Transfusion safety should be ensured throughout the country, with a single ESR test sufficing to avoid the risk of false negative results. The establishment of voluntary testing centers will be encouraged; the testing protocol using three ESR or three ESR with WB is considered scientific for identifying an infected individual; and surveillance is to be designed by the state epidemiologists/state program officers and carried out by the staff of the selected health institutions with samples tested in any HIV testing facility suitably situated and easily approachable by the staff of the surveillance site. Testing procedures for research must follow the highest international standards for scientific protocol. Test kits must be evaluated before they are manufactured indigenously. Finally, the existing HIV testing network will have to be restructured to carry out objective-wise testing, with internal and external quality assurance of the program rigorously implemented on a regular

  6. Proposed Pathophysiologic Framework to Explain Some ...

    Science.gov (United States)

    The paper proposes a pathophysiologic framework to explain the well-established epidemiological association between exposure to ambient air particle pollution and premature cardiovascular mortality, and offers insights into public health solutions that extend beyond regularory environmental protections to actions that can be taken by individuals, public health officials, healthcare professionals, city and regional planners, local and state governmental officials and all those who possess the capacity to improve cardiovascular health within the popula­tion.The foundation of the framework rests on the contribution of traditional cardiovascular risk factors acting alone and in concert with long-term exposures to air pollutants to create a conditional susceptibility for clinical vascular events, such as myocardial ischemia and infarction; stroke and lethal ventricular arrhythmias. The conceprual framework focuses on the fact that short-term exposures to ambient air particulate matter (PM) are associated with vascular thrombosis (acute coronary syndrome. stroke, deep venous thrombosis. and pulmonary embolism ) and electrical dysfunction (ventricular arrhythmia); and that individuals having prevalent heart disease are at greatest risk. Moreover, exposure is concomitant with changes in autonomic nervous system balance, systemic in­flammation, and prothrombotic/anti-thrombotic and profibrinolytic-antifibrinolytic balance.Thus, a comprehensive solution to the problem o

  7. Aspectos ultrassonográficos associados à morbidade de formas clínicas crônicas de esquistossomose mansônica, utilizando-se protocolo proposto pela Organização Mundial da Saúde Sonographic features associated with morbidity of chronic clinical presentations of schistosomiasis mansoni using the protocol proposed by the World Health Organization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Alvarenga Fernandes

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Avaliar aspectos ultrassonográficos associados à morbidade em pacientes com formas clínicas crônicas de esquistossomose mansônica, utilizando-se protocolo proposto pela Organização Mundial da Saúde (OMS. MATERIAIS E MÉTODOS: Foram avaliadas duas populações distintas: a área endêmica e b institucional terciária, com histopatológico confirmando fibrose. Critérios de inclusão: diagnóstico confirmado por parasitológico de fezes para Schistosoma mansoni (método Kato-Katz. Critérios de exclusão: sorologia positiva para HIV, HTLV-1, VHB ou VHC. Foi utilizado protocolo ultrassonográfico de Niamey, proposto pela OMS. RESULTADOS: Avaliando-se isoladamente as medidas dos espaços periportais, estas se mostraram sem alterações em 21% dos indivíduos com doença avançada da instituição terciária. Utilizando-se todos os parâmetros do protocolo, 100% dos indivíduos da instituição terciária, com forma grave da doença, apresentaram fibrose periportal avançada. Em pacientes hepatoesplênicos da área endêmica não se identificou fibrose à ultrassonografia. CONCLUSÃO: O protocolo ultrassonográfico proposto pela OMS detecta fibrose periportal avançada nos pacientes com forma grave da doença, com maior sensibilidade do que a medida do espaço periportal isoladamente. A complexidade de identificação das fases iniciais da fibrose periportal, em áreas endêmicas, pela ultrassonografia, pode suscitar o campo da complementação diagnóstica e a continuidade do aprimoramento dos protocolos ultrassonográficos nestas áreas.OBJECTIVE: To evaluate sonographic features associated with morbidity in patients with chronic clinical presentations of schistosomiasis mansoni, according to the protocol proposed by the World Health Organization (WHO. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two distinctive populations were evaluated: a patients from an endemic area, and b patients from a tertiary institution, with histopathologically confirmed

  8. MOVES Degree Update: Curriculum Revision Proposal

    OpenAIRE

    Darken, Chris

    2012-01-01

    MOVES Research & Education Systems Seminar: Presentation; Session 1: Educational Initiatives and Status, Moderator: Chris Darken; MOVES Degree Update, Speaker Chris Darken Outline: Brief intro to MOVES Masters degree, Pressures driving the proposed curriculum revision, Salient features of the proposal

  9. 75 FR 72818 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-26

    ... of the Secretary Proposed Collection; Comment Request AGENCY: Business Transformation Agency, DoD..., the Business Transformation Agency announces a proposed new public information collection and seeks... change, including any personal identifiers or contact information. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: To...

  10. 77 FR 58560 - Proposed Flood Hazard Determinations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-21

    ... 22950 Huron River Drive, New Boston, MI 48164. Delaware County, Ohio, and Incorporated Areas Maps... SECURITY Federal Emergency Management Agency Proposed Flood Hazard Determinations AGENCY: Federal Emergency Management Agency, DHS. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: Comments are requested on proposed flood hazard...

  11. 48 CFR 215.404 - Proposal analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Proposal analysis. 215.404 Section 215.404 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE ACQUISITION REGULATIONS SYSTEM, DEPARTMENT... Proposal analysis. ...

  12. Anaesthesiology and research in South Africa: a proposal for a ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Based on factors known to be associated with research productivity, a proposal is made for the establishment of a national, collaborative research group. To ensure the success of this venture, this collaborative group should address the six factors of research productivity identified by Kern: funding of the research; the quality ...

  13. University Press Meeting Dominated by Donor Proposal and Digital Publishing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Howard, Jennifer

    2007-01-01

    A surprise request for proposals from the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation and a forthcoming report on university publishing in the digital age were among topics discussed at the annual meeting of the Association of American University Presses. The offer from the Mellon Foundation concerns support for collaborative, monograph-centered projects in…

  14. Sustainable Energy. Alternative proposals to Mercosur

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Honty, G. [Centro de Estudios Uruguayo de Tecnologias CEUTA, Montevideo (Uruguay)

    2002-08-01

    After a brief assessment of the Mercosur energy sector (Mercosur is a regional trade agreement subscribed to by Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay) an overview is given of proposals for a sustainable energy integration in the Mercosur: general proposals by sector, specific proposals for the larger economies (Argentina and Brazil), and means of implementation.

  15. Comment on a few nomenclatural congress proposals

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    NN,

    1959-01-01

    In the Synopsis of Proposals for the Botanical Congress at Montreal Dr Lanjouw has in his capacity of Rapporteur général given his well-considered opinion on each proposal, except for that on nomina specifica conservanda where he found fit to postpone his comment. There are three proposals on which

  16. 76 FR 58436 - Proposed Flood Elevation Determinations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-21

    ... Road. Waiakea Stream/Waiakea Flood Control Approximately 460 feet 53 54 Hawaii County. Channel... SECURITY Federal Emergency Management Agency 44 CFR Part 67 Proposed Flood Elevation Determinations AGENCY... proposed Base (1% annual-chance) Flood Elevations (BFEs) and proposed BFE modifications for the communities...

  17. 75 FR 61377 - Proposed Flood Elevation Determinations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-05

    .... West Clarks Run. At the northern county None +941 boundary. Ohio River Approximately 60 feet None +690... SECURITY Federal Emergency Management Agency 44 CFR Part 67 Proposed Flood Elevation Determinations AGENCY... proposed Base (1% annual-chance) Flood Elevations (BFEs) and proposed BFE modifications for the communities...

  18. 75 FR 29219 - Proposed Flood Elevation Determinations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-25

    ... Boulevard, Louisa, KY 41230. Meade County, Kentucky, and Incorporated Areas Ohio River Approximately 2.8... SECURITY Federal Emergency Management Agency 44 CFR Part 67 Proposed Flood Elevation Determinations AGENCY... proposed Base (1% annual-chance) Flood Elevations (BFEs) and proposed BFE modifications for the communities...

  19. 76 FR 8978 - Proposed Flood Elevation Determinations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-16

    ... from ly 1.0 mile of Chariton Missouri River). downstream County. of Ohio Road to approximate ly 825... SECURITY Federal Emergency Management Agency 44 CFR Part 67 Proposed Flood Elevation Determinations AGENCY... proposed Base (1% annual-chance) Flood Elevations (BFEs) and proposed BFE modifications for the communities...

  20. 77 FR 8820 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-15

    ... of the Secretary Proposed Collection; Comment Request AGENCY: Defense Logistics Agency, DoD. ACTION... Defense Logistics Agency announces a proposed public information collection and seeks public comment on... have practical utility; (b) the accuracy of the Agency's estimate of the burden of the proposed...

  1. 77 FR 17461 - Proposed Reinstatement; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-26

    ... of the Secretary Proposed Reinstatement; Comment Request AGENCY: Defense Logistics Agency, DoD..., the Defense Logistics Agency announces a proposed public information collection and seeks public... have practical utility; (b) the accuracy of the Agency's estimate of the burden of the proposed...

  2. 78 FR 59340 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-26

    ... of the Secretary Proposed Collection; Comment Request AGENCY: Defense Logistics Agency, DoD. ACTION... Defense Logistics Agency announces a proposed public information collection and seeks public comment on... have practical utility; (b) the accuracy of the agency's estimate of the burden of the proposed...

  3. 78 FR 51173 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-20

    ... of the Secretary Proposed Collection; Comment Request AGENCY: Defense Logistics Agency, DoD. ACTION... Defense Logistics Agency announces a proposed public information collection and seeks public comment on... have practical utility; (b) the accuracy of the agency's estimate of the burden of the proposed...

  4. 75 FR 6641 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-10

    ... of the Secretary Proposed Collection; Comment Request AGENCY: Defense Logistics Agency, DOD. ACTION... Defense Logistics Agency announces a proposed public information collection and seeks public comment on... have practical utility; (b) the accuracy of the Agency's estimate of the burden of the proposed...

  5. American Association for Hand Surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Grant Grant Opportunities Survey Research Tips Writing a Successful Proposal Awards HAND ... Notice Regarding Location of 2018 Annual Meeting The annual meetings of the American Association for ...

  6. 78 FR 5870 - Community Development Financial Institutions Fund: Proposed Collection; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-28

    ... consideration. ADDRESSES: Direct all comments to Amber Kuchar, Associate Program ] Manager, at the Community... information should be directed to Amber Kuchar, Associate Program Manager, at the Community Development... Community Development Financial Institutions Fund: Proposed Collection; Comment Request ACTION: Notice and...

  7. Fatores de risco associados à mortalidade infantil em duas áreas da região metropolitana de São Paulo (Brasil, 1984-1985: proposta de instrumentos preditivos Risk factors associated with infant mortality in two municipalities of the metropolitan area of S.Paulo (Brazil, 1984-1985: proposal for a predictive scoring system

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chester L. G. Cesar

    1990-08-01

    Full Text Available Estudou-se a aplicação do conceito de "risco" na área materno-infantil, partindo da proposta da Organização Mundial de Saúde relativa ao "enfoque de risco" na organização dos serviços de saúde. O estudo concentrou-se no desenvolvimento de instrumentos de identificação de grupos de alto risco de óbito infantil, seja no período neonatal, seja no período pós-neonatal, e baseou-se em estudo de caso-controle. O grupo de casos correspondeu a óbitos registrados de menores de um ano de idade, ocorridos nos anos de 1984 e 1985, de pais residentes nos municípios de Cotia e Vargem Grande Paulista, SP (Brasil, totalizando 149 óbitos (casos. O grupo controle foi formado por uma amostra probabilística de 216 crianças nascidas em 1984, filhas de pais residentes nos municípios estudados e que sobreviveram ao primeiro ano de vida, As mães de ambos os grupos responderam a um questionário, aplicado em entrevistas domiciliarias, para a identificação de variáveis independentes associadas ao óbito infantil. As variáveis que mostraram associação estatisticamente significante foram agrupadas em quatro escalas de risco: para uso em pré-natal; para uso por ocasião do parto; para uso no período neonatal; e para uso em puericultura após o período neonatal. As variáveis participaram nas escalas ponderadas pelos valores das razões dos produtos cruzados. As escalas apresentaram diferentes pontos de corte e a cada um destes correspondeu uma dada sensibilidade, especificidade e poder preditivo.The application of the concept of "risk" to maternal and child health was studied, the starting point being the World Health Organization's proposal for a "risk approach" in health services. The study was concerned with the development of a scoring system for the identification of groups at high risk of death during the first year of life, whether in the neonatal or the post-neonatal periods, and was based on a case-control study. The case group

  8. 77 FR 65374 - Proposed Agency Information Collection

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-26

    ... techniques or other forms of information technology. The proposed collection would involve information that... Partnership was developed with input from fleet managers, industry representatives, Clean Cities program staff...

  9. 48 CFR 915.305 - Proposal evaluation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... AND CONTRACT TYPES CONTRACTING BY NEGOTIATION Source Selection 915.305 Proposal evaluation. (d... personnel will be required to comply with DOE conflict of interest and nondisclosure requirements. ...

  10. A steamy proposal for Martian clays

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schaefer, Laura

    2017-12-01

    Martian clays present a conundrum: the models proposed to explain their formation require conditions that are not predicted by computational climate simulations. Experiments now suggest an alternative scenario.

  11. PACMan to Help Sort Hubble Proposals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kohler, Susanna

    2017-04-01

    Every year, astronomers submit over a thousand proposals requesting time on the Hubble Space Telescope (HST). Currently, humans must sort through each of these proposals by hand before sending them off for review. Could this burden be shifted to computers?A Problem of VolumeAstronomer Molly Peeples gathered stats on the HST submissions sent in last week for the upcoming HST Cycle 25 (the deadline was Friday night), relative to previous years. This years proposal round broke the record, with over 1200 proposals submitted in total for Cycle 25. [Molly Peeples]Each proposal cycle for HST time attracts on the order of 1100 proposals accounting for far more HST time than is available. The proposals are therefore carefully reviewed by around 150 international members of the astronomy community during a six-month process to select those with the highest scientific merit.Ideally, each proposal will be read by reviewers that have scientific expertise relevant to the proposal topic: if a proposal requests HST time to study star formation, for instance, then the reviewers assigned to it should have research expertise in star formation.How does this matching of proposals to reviewers occur? The current method relies on self-reported categorization of the submitted proposals. This is unreliable, however; proposals are often mis-categorized by submitters due to misunderstanding or ambiguous cases.As a result, the Science Policies Group at the Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI) which oversees the review of HST proposals must go through each of the proposals by hand and re-categorize them. The proposals are then matched to reviewers with self-declared expertise in the same category.With the number of HST proposals on the rise and the expectation that the upcoming James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) will elicit even more proposals for time than Hubble scientists at STScI and NASA are now asking: could the human hours necessary for this task be spared? Could a computer program

  12. Process-based project proposal risk management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alok Kumar

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available We all are aware of the organizational omnipresence. Projects within the organizations are ubiquitous too. Projects achieve their goals successfully if they are planned, scheduled, controlled and implemented well. The project lifecycle of initiating, planning, scheduling, controlling and implementing are very well-planned by project managers and the organizations. Successful projects have well-developed risk management plans to deal with situations impacting projects. Like any other organisation, a university does try to access funds for different purposes too. For such organisations, running a project is not the issue, rather getting a project proposal approved to fund a project is the key. Project proposal processing is done by the nodal office in every organisation. Usually, these nodal offices help in administration and submission of a project proposal for accessing funds. Seldom are these nodal project offices within the organizations facilitate a project proposal approval by proactively reaching out to the project managers. And as project managers prepare project proposals, little or no attention is made to prepare a project proposal risk plan so as to maximise project acquisition. Risk plans are submitted while preparing proposals but these risk plans cater to a requirement to address actual projects upon approval. Hence, a risk management plan for project proposal is either missing or very little effort is made to treat the risks inherent in project acquisition. This paper is an integral attempt to highlight the importance of risk treatment for project proposal stage as an extremely important step to preparing the risk management plan made for projects corresponding to their lifecycle phases. Several tools and techniques have been proposed in the paper to help and guide either the project owner (proposer or the main organisational unit responsible for project management. Development of tools and techniques to further enhance project

  13. Corporate Social Responsibility and Shareholder Proposals

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Eding, Erwin; Scholtens, Bert

    2017-01-01

    We study how corporate social responsibility relates to investors, firms, and shareholder proposals. We examine shareholder proposals on environmental, social, and governance issues at the annual general meeting of shareholders with US Fortune 250 firms during 2011-2014. We find that the probability

  14. 76 FR 60593 - Title VI; Proposed Circular

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-29

    ... for FTA staff to make oral presentations about the two proposed Circulars and allow attendees an... proposed Circular would incorporate lessons learned from triennial reviews, discretionary Title VI... Implementation Plan for Limited English Proficient (LEP) persons now contains a summary of the DOT LEP guidance...

  15. 76 FR 14943 - Procurement List; Proposed Additions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-18

    ... significant impact on a substantial number of small entities. The major factors considered for this... PEOPLE WHO ARE BLIND OR SEVERELY DISABLED Procurement List; Proposed Additions AGENCY: Committee for Purchase From People Who Are Blind or Severely Disabled. ACTION: Proposed Additions to the Procurement List...

  16. 76 FR 45542 - Procurement List; Proposed Addition

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-29

    ... significant impact on a substantial number of small entities. The major factors considered for this... PEOPLE WHO ARE BLIND OR SEVERELY DISABLED Procurement List; Proposed Addition AGENCY: Committee for Purchase From People Who Are Blind or Severely Disabled. ACTION: Proposed addition to the procurement list...

  17. 76 FR 22680 - Procurement List; Proposed Addition

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-22

    ... action will not have a significant impact on a substantial number of small entities. The major factors... FROM PEOPLE WHO ARE BLIND OR SEVERELY DISABLED Procurement List; Proposed Addition AGENCY: Committee... Procurement List. SUMMARY: The Committee is proposing to add a service to the Procurement List that will be...

  18. 76 FR 76952 - Procurement List; Proposed Addition

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-09

    ... significant impact on a substantial number of small entities. The major factors considered for this... PEOPLE WHO ARE BLIND OR SEVERELY DISABLED Procurement List; Proposed Addition AGENCY: Committee for Purchase From People Who Are Blind or Severely Disabled. ACTION: Proposed Addition to the Procurement List...

  19. 77 FR 44220 - Procurement List; Proposed Addition

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-27

    ... not have a significant impact on a substantial number of small entities. The major factors considered... PEOPLE WHO ARE BLIND OR SEVERELY DISABLED Procurement List; Proposed Addition AGENCY: Committee for Purchase From People Who Are Blind or Severely Disabled. ACTION: Proposed Addition to the Procurement List...

  20. 77 FR 47823 - Procurement List; Proposed Addition

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-10

    ... significant impact on a substantial number of small entities. The major factors considered for this... PEOPLE WHO ARE BLIND OR SEVERELY DISABLED Procurement List; Proposed Addition AGENCY: Committee for Purchase From People Who Are Blind or Severely Disabled. ACTION: Proposed Addition to the Procurement List...

  1. 77 FR 41377 - Procurement List; Proposed Addition

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-13

    ... significant impact on a substantial number of small entities. The major factors considered for this... PEOPLE WHO ARE BLIND OR SEVERELY DISABLED Procurement List; Proposed Addition AGENCY: Committee for Purchase From People Who Are Blind or Severely Disabled. ACTION: Proposed Addition to the Procurement List...

  2. Corporate Social Responsibility and Shareholder Proposals

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Eding, Erwin; Scholtens, Bert

    2017-01-01

    We study how corporate social responsibility relates to investors, firms and shareholder proposals. We examine shareholder proposals on environmental, social, and governance issues at the annual general meeting of shareholders with US Fortune 250 firms during 2011-2014. We find that especially the

  3. 78 FR 33133 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-03

    ... Unemployment Insurance Act (RUIA) specifies the maximum normal unemployment and sickness benefits that may be... required of each respondent. The RRB proposes no changes to Form UI-41 and UI-41a. The completion time for... RRB proposes no changes to Form G-45. Estimate of Annual Respondent Burden Annual Form No. responses...

  4. Shareholder activism through proposals : The European perspective

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Renneboog, Luc; Szilagyi, P.G.; Cziraki, Peter; Bratton, W.; McCahery, J.

    This paper is the first to investigate the corporate governance role of shareholderinitiated proxy proposals in European firms. While proposals in the US are nonbinding even if they pass the shareholder vote, they are legally binding in the UK and most of Continental Europe. Nonetheless, submissions

  5. 77 FR 23226 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-18

    ... of the Secretary Proposed Collection; Comment Request AGENCY: Defense Logistics Agency, DoD. ACTION... Defense Logistics Agency announces a proposed public information collection and seeks public comment on... have practical utility; (b) the accuracy of the agency's estimate of the burden of the reinstated...

  6. 77 FR 72335 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-05

    ... of the Secretary Proposed Collection; Comment Request AGENCY: Defense Logistics Agency, DoD. ACTION... Defense Logistics Agency announces a proposed public information collection and seeks public comment on... have practical utility; (b) the accuracy of the agency's estimate of the burden of the reinstated...

  7. 77 FR 5778 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-06

    ... of the Secretary Proposed Collection; Comment Request AGENCY: Defense Logistics Agency, DoD. ACTION... Defense Logistics Agency announces the proposed reinstatement of a public information collection and seeks... whether the information shall have practical utility; (b) the accuracy of the agency's estimate of the...

  8. 78 FR 35262 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-12

    ... of the Secretary Proposed Collection; Comment Request AGENCY: Defense Logistics Agency (DLA), DoD... Defense Logistics Agency (DLA) announces a proposed public information collection and seeks public comment... information shall have practical utility; (b) the accuracy of the agency's estimate of the burden of the...

  9. 78 FR 51171 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-20

    ... of the Secretary Proposed Collection; Comment Request AGENCY: Defense Logistics Agency, DoD. ACTION... Defense Logistics Agency announces a proposed public information collection and seeks public comment on... information shall have practical utility; (b) the accuracy of the agency's estimate of the burden of the...

  10. 77 FR 5779 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-06

    ... of the Secretary Proposed Collection; Comment Request AGENCY: Defense Logistics Agency, DLA Small... Reduction Act of 1995, the Defense Logistics Agency announces the proposed extension of a public information... whether the information shall have practical utility; (b) the accuracy of the agency's estimate of the...

  11. 77 FR 14005 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-08

    ... of the Secretary Proposed Collection; Comment Request AGENCY: Defense Logistics Agency, DoD. ACTION... Defense Logistics Agency announces a proposed public information collection and seeks public comment on... have practical utility; (b) the accuracy of the agency's estimate of the burden of the reinstated...

  12. 78 FR 55685 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-11

    ... of the Secretary Proposed Collection; Comment Request AGENCY: Defense Logistics Agency (DLA), DoD..., the Defense Logistics Agency (DLA) announces a proposed public information collection and seeks public... information shall have practical utility; (b) the accuracy of the agency's estimate of the burden of the...

  13. 14 CFR 1274.210 - Unsolicited proposals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... the agency's research and development or other mission responsibilities; and (5) Not be an advance... for the particular proposal: (1) Unique and innovative methods, approaches or concepts demonstrated by... factors for achieving the proposal objectives. (4) The qualifications, capabilities, and experience of the...

  14. Proposed New Antiproton Experiments at Fermilab

    CERN Document Server

    Kaplan, Daniel M

    2008-01-01

    Fermilab operates the world's most intense source of antiprotons. Recently various experiments have been proposed that can use those antiprotons either parasitically during Tevatron Collider running or after the Tevatron Collider finishes in about 2010. We discuss the physics goals and prospects of the proposed experiments.

  15. 48 CFR 815.404 - Proposal analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Proposal analysis. 815.404 Section 815.404 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES CONTRACTING BY NEGOTIATION Contract Pricing 815.404 Proposal analysis. ...

  16. 48 CFR 915.404 - Proposal analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Proposal analysis. 915.404 Section 915.404 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES CONTRACTING BY NEGOTIATION Contract Pricing 915.404 Proposal analysis. ...

  17. 48 CFR 15.404 - Proposal analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Proposal analysis. 15.404 Section 15.404 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES CONTRACTING BY NEGOTIATION Contract Pricing 15.404 Proposal analysis. ...

  18. 48 CFR 315.404 - Proposal analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Proposal analysis. 315.404 Section 315.404 Federal Acquisition Regulations System HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES CONTRACTING BY NEGOTIATION Contract Pricing 315.404 Proposal analysis. ...

  19. Research Proposal for Distributed Deep Web Search

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tjin-Kam-Jet, Kien

    2010-01-01

    This proposal identifies two main problems related to deep web search, and proposes a step by step solution for each of them. The first problem is about searching deep web content by means of a simple free-text interface (with just one input field, instead of a complex interface with many input

  20. How to write reports and proposals

    CERN Document Server

    Forsyth, Patrick

    2016-01-01

    How to Write Reports and Proposals is essential reading for achieving effective writing techniques. Getting a message across on paper and presenting a proposal in a clear and persuasive form are vital skills for anyone in business. How to Write Reports and Proposals provides practical advice on how to impress, convince and persuade your colleagues or clients. It will help you: improve your writing skills; think constructively before writing; create a good report; produce persuasive proposals; use clear and distinctive language; present numbers, graphs and charts effectively. Full of checklists, exercises and real life examples, this new edition also contains content on how to write succinctly and with impact across different mediums. How to Write Reports and Proposals will help you to put over a good case with style.

  1. A proposal for a code of ethics for nurse practitioners.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peterson, Moya; Potter, Robert Lyman

    2004-03-01

    To review established codes for health care professionals and standards of practice for the nurse practitioner (NP) and to utilize these codes and standards, general ethical themes, and a new ethical triangle to propose an ethical code for NPs. Reviews of three generally accepted ethical themes (deontological, teleological, and areteological), the ethical triangle by Potter, the American Academy of Nurse Practitioners (AANP) standards of practice for NPs, and codes of ethics from the American Nurses Association (ANA) and the American Medical Association (AMA). A proposal for a code of ethics for NPs is presented. This code was determined by basic ethical themes and established codes for nursing, formulated by the ANA, and for physicians, formulated by the AMA. The proposal was also developed in consideration of the AANP standards of practice for NPs. The role of the NP is unique in its ethical demands. The authors believe that the expanded practice of NPs presents ethical concerns that are not addressed by the ANA code and yet are relevant to nursing and therefore different than the ethical concerns of physicians. This proposal attempts to broaden NPs' perspective of the role that ethics should hold in their professional lives.

  2. Late Corrective Arthrodesis in Nonplantigrade Diabetic Charcot Midfoot Disease Is Associated with High Complication and Reoperation Rates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wussow, Annekatrin

    2015-01-01

    Introduction. Charcot arthropathy may lead to a loss of osteoligamentous foot architecture and consequently loss of the plantigrade alignment. In this series of patients a technique of internal corrective arthrodesis with maximum fixation strength was provided in order to lower complication rates. Materials/Methods. 21 feet with severe nonplantigrade diabetic Charcot deformity Eichenholtz stages II/III (Sanders/Frykberg II/III/IV) and reconstructive arthrodesis with medial and additional lateral column support were retrospectively enrolled. Follow-up averaged 4.0 years and included a clinical (AOFAS score/PSS), radiological, and complication analysis. Results. A mean of 2.4 complications/foot occurred, of which 1.5/foot had to be solved surgically. 76% of feet suffered from soft tissue complications; 43% suffered hardware-associated complications. Feet with only 2 out of 5 high risk criteria according to Pinzur showed significantly lower complication counts. Radiographs revealed a correct restoration of all foot axes postoperatively with superior fixation strength medially. Conclusion. Late corrective arthrodesis with medial and lateral column stabilization in the nonplantigrade stages of neuroosteoarthropathy can provide reasonable reconstruction of the foot alignment. Nonetheless, overall complication/reoperation rates were high. With separation into low/high risk criteria a helpful guide in treatment choice is provided. This trial is registered with German Clinical Trials Register (DRKS) under number DRKS00007537. PMID:26000309

  3. Late Corrective Arthrodesis in Nonplantigrade Diabetic Charcot Midfoot Disease Is Associated with High Complication and Reoperation Rates

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anica Eschler

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Charcot arthropathy may lead to a loss of osteoligamentous foot architecture and consequently loss of the plantigrade alignment. In this series of patients a technique of internal corrective arthrodesis with maximum fixation strength was provided in order to lower complication rates. Materials/Methods. 21 feet with severe nonplantigrade diabetic Charcot deformity Eichenholtz stages II/III (Sanders/Frykberg II/III/IV and reconstructive arthrodesis with medial and additional lateral column support were retrospectively enrolled. Follow-up averaged 4.0 years and included a clinical (AOFAS score/PSS, radiological, and complication analysis. Results. A mean of 2.4 complications/foot occurred, of which 1.5/foot had to be solved surgically. 76% of feet suffered from soft tissue complications; 43% suffered hardware-associated complications. Feet with only 2 out of 5 high risk criteria according to Pinzur showed significantly lower complication counts. Radiographs revealed a correct restoration of all foot axes postoperatively with superior fixation strength medially. Conclusion. Late corrective arthrodesis with medial and lateral column stabilization in the nonplantigrade stages of neuroosteoarthropathy can provide reasonable reconstruction of the foot alignment. Nonetheless, overall complication/reoperation rates were high. With separation into low/high risk criteria a helpful guide in treatment choice is provided. This trial is registered with German Clinical Trials Register (DRKS under number DRKS00007537.

  4. Proposal of a "Checklist" for endodontic treatment

    OpenAIRE

    Díaz-Flores García, Victor; Perea Pérez, Bernardo; Labajo González, María Elena; Santiago Sáez, Andrés; Cisneros Cabello, Rafael

    2014-01-01

    Objectives: On the basis of the “Surgical Checklist” proposed by the WHO, we propose a new Checklist model adapted to the procedures of endodontic treatment. Study Design: The proposed document contains 21 items which are broken down into two groups: those which must be verified before beginning the treatment, and those which must be verified after completing it, but before the patient leaves the dentist’s office. Results: The Checklist is an easy-to-use tool that requires little time but pro...

  5. SST: Single-Stream Temporal Action Proposals

    KAUST Repository

    Buch, Shyamal

    2017-11-09

    Our paper presents a new approach for temporal detection of human actions in long, untrimmed video sequences. We introduce Single-Stream Temporal Action Proposals (SST), a new effective and efficient deep architecture for the generation of temporal action proposals. Our network can run continuously in a single stream over very long input video sequences, without the need to divide input into short overlapping clips or temporal windows for batch processing. We demonstrate empirically that our model outperforms the state-of-the-art on the task of temporal action proposal generation, while achieving some of the fastest processing speeds in the literature. Finally, we demonstrate that using SST proposals in conjunction with existing action classifiers results in improved state-of-the-art temporal action detection performance.

  6. Environmental impacts of proposed Monitored Retrievable Storage

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Scharber, Wayne K.; Macintire, H. A.; Davis, Paul E.; Cothron, Terry K.; Stephens, Barry K.; Travis, Norman; Walter, George; Mobley, Mike

    1985-12-17

    This report describes environmental impacts from a proposed monitored retrievable storage facility for spent fuels to be located in Tennessee. Areas investigated include: water supply, ground water, air quality, solid waste management, and health hazards. (CBS)

  7. 77 FR 12336 - Postal Service Pricing Proposal

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-29

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION Postal Service Pricing Proposal AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The... 2012 Promotion is an example of the increased pricing flexibility under the Postal Accountability and...

  8. 77 FR 4556 - Proposed Agency Information Collection

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-30

    ... the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995. The proposed collection, titled the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) and Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) Commercialization Survey will satisfy the...: Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) and Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR...

  9. CSAPR Parallel Proposal (77 FR 10350)

    Science.gov (United States)

    EPA proposes additional revisions to certain portions of the Transport Rule (Federal Implementation Plans: Interstate Transport of Fine Particulate Matter and Ozone and Correction of SIP Approvals, published August 8, 2011).

  10. DAPs: Deep Action Proposals for Action Understanding

    KAUST Repository

    Escorcia, Victor

    2016-09-17

    Object proposals have contributed significantly to recent advances in object understanding in images. Inspired by the success of this approach, we introduce Deep Action Proposals (DAPs), an effective and efficient algorithm for generating temporal action proposals from long videos. We show how to take advantage of the vast capacity of deep learning models and memory cells to retrieve from untrimmed videos temporal segments, which are likely to contain actions. A comprehensive evaluation indicates that our approach outperforms previous work on a large scale action benchmark, runs at 134 FPS making it practical for large-scale scenarios, and exhibits an appealing ability to generalize, i.e. to retrieve good quality temporal proposals of actions unseen in training.

  11. 75 FR 59188 - Proposed Flood Elevation Determinations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-27

    ... buildings. Comments on any aspect of the Flood Insurance Study and FIRM, other than the proposed BFEs, will... Tuscola County, Michigan (All Jurisdictions) Cass River Approximately 180 feet +635 +634 City of Vassar...

  12. 78 FR 6152 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-29

    ... that an overpayment of Railroad Retirement Act (RRA) or Railroad Unemployment Insurance Act (RUIA.... Completion is voluntary. The RRB proposes minor non-burden impacting editorial changes to Form G-421F...

  13. 75 FR 21370 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-23

    ... Unemployment Insurance Act (RUIA) specifies the maximum normal unemployment and sickness benefits that may be... required of each respondent. The RRB proposes no changes to Form UI-41 and UI-41a. The completion time for...

  14. 76 FR 45651 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-29

    ..., Acting Certification, Compliance Monitoring and Evaluation Manager, Community Development Financial... Manager, Community Development Financial Institutions Fund, U.S. Department of the Treasury, 601 13th... Community Development Financial Institutions Fund Proposed Collection; Comment Request ACTION: Notice and...

  15. 48 CFR 715.305 - Proposal evaluation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES CONTRACTING BY NEGOTIATION Source Selection 715.305 Proposal evaluation... perceive no actual or potential conflict of interests. (An acceptable certification appears under ADS...

  16. 48 CFR 515.305 - Proposal evaluation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES CONTRACTING BY NEGOTIATION Source Selection 515.305 Proposal evaluation. (a... original “Conflict of Interest Acknowledgment and Nondisclosure Agreement” from each Government and...

  17. Rosebud Casino and Hotel NPDES Proposed Permit

    Science.gov (United States)

    Indian Country, Minor Permit, proposed permit SD-0034584, Rosebud Casino and Hotel, South Dakota, is authorized to discharge from its wastewater treatment facility in Todd County, South Dakota to an unnamed drainageway(s) tributary to Rock Creek.

  18. 78 FR 45567 - Proposed Collection, Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-29

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF LABOR Bureau of Labor Statistics Proposed Collection, Comment Request ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Department of... assistance participation, grocery shopping, and meal preparation. These ] data enhance the understanding of...

  19. [Collection of NWR proposals across Alaska, 1971

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — List of 30 proposed National Wildlife Refuges and their respective names, locations, sizes, purposes, land types, water supplies, problems, and justifications.

  20. Proposed Bylaws Changes Open for Comment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Enderlein, Cheryl

    2013-10-01

    AGU members are invited to comment on proposed changes to AGU's bylaws. The updates reflect changes required by Washington, D. C., law and changes enacted by the AGU Board of Directors and Council during the transition in 2010-2012 to a new governance structure. Members can view and comment on the proposed changes at http://sites.agu.org/leadership/agu-bylaws-comment-period/. The comment period is open until 18 November.

  1. How to Submit a Proposal to ONR

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-01

    Click to edit Master title style How   to  Submit  a  Proposal  to  ONR   Navy  Gold  Coast  Small  Business  Procurement...control number. 1. REPORT DATE AUG 2012 2. REPORT TYPE 3. DATES COVERED 00-00-2012 to 00-00-2012 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE How to Submit a Proposal to

  2. International Veterinary Epilepsy Task Force consensus proposal

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bhatti, Sofie F M; De Risio, Luisa; Muñana, Karen

    2015-01-01

    with the initial drug is unsatisfactory, and 4) when treatment changes should be considered. In this consensus proposal, an overview is given on the aim of AED treatment, when to start long-term treatment in canine epilepsy and which veterinary AEDs are currently in use for dogs. The consensus proposal for drug...... for the management of canine idiopathic epilepsy. Furthermore, for the management of structural epilepsy AEDs are inevitable in addition to treating the underlying cause, if possible....

  3. Environmental assessment -- Proposed neutrino beams at the Main Injector project

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-12-01

    The US Department of Energy (DOE) proposes to build a beamline on the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab) site to accommodate an experimental research program in neutrino physics. The proposed action, called Neutrino Beams at the Main Injector (NuMI), is to design, construct, operate and decommission a facility for producing and studying a high flux beam of neutrinos in the energy range of 1 to 40 GeV (1 GeV is one billion or 10{sup 9} electron volts). The proposed facility would initially be dedicated to two experiments, COSMOS (Cosmologically Significant Mass Oscillations) and MINOS (Main Injector Neutrino Oscillation Search). The neutrino beam would pass underground from Fermilab to northern Minnesota. A tunnel would not be built in this intervening region because the neutrinos easily pass through the earth, not interacting, similar to the way that light passes through a pane of glass. The beam is pointed towards the MINOS detector in the Soudan Underground Laboratory in Minnesota. Thus, the proposed project also includes construction, operation and decommissioning of the facility located in the Soudan Underground Laboratory in Minnesota that houses this MINOS detector. This environmental assessment (EA) has been prepared by the US Department of Energy (DOE) in accordance with the DOE`s National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) Implementing Procedures (10 CFR 1021). This EA documents DOE`s evaluation of potential environmental impacts associated with the proposed construction and operation of NuMI at Fermilab and its far detector facility located in the Soudan Underground Laboratory in Minnesota. Any future use of the facilities on the Fermilab site would require the administrative approval of the Director of Fermilab and would undergo a separate NEPA review. Fermilab is a Federal high-energy physics research laboratory in Batavia, Illinois operated on behalf of the DOE by Universities Research Association, Inc.

  4. 76 FR 62148 - Title VI; Proposed Circular, Environmental Justice; Proposed Circular

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-06

    ... Federal Transit Administration Title VI; Proposed Circular, Environmental Justice; Proposed Circular... information sessions, as published in the September 29, 2011, Federal Register Notices titled ``Title VI... sessions, as published in the September 29, 2011, Federal Register Notices titled ``Title VI; Proposed...

  5. 76 FR 70829 - Proposed Information Collection (Architect-Engineer Fee Proposal) Activity; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-15

    ... AFFAIRS Proposed Information Collection (Architect--Engineer Fee Proposal) Activity; Comment Request.... Titles: a. Architect--Engineer Fee Proposal, VA Form 10-6298. b. Daily Log (Contract Progress Report... Architect-engineering firm selected for negotiation of a contract with VA is required to submit a fee...

  6. A review of proposed Glen Canyon Dam interim operating criteria

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    LaGory, K.; Hlohowskyj, I.; Tomasko, D.; Hayse, J.; Durham, L.

    1992-04-01

    Three sets of interim operating criteria for Glen Canyon Dam on the Colorado River have been proposed for the period of November 1991, to the completion of the record of decision for the Glen Canyon Dam environmental impact statement (about 1993). These criteria set specific limits on dam releases, including maximum and minimum flows, up-ramp and down-ramp rates, and maximum daily fluctuation. Under the proposed interim criteria, all of these parameters would be reduced relative to historical operating criteria to protect downstream natural resources, including sediment deposits, threatened and endangered fishes, trout, the aquatic food base, and riparian plant communities. The scientific bases of the three sets of proposed operating criteria are evaluated in the present report:(1) criteria proposed by the Research/Scientific Group, associated with the Glen Canyon Environmental Studies (GCES); (2) criteria proposed state and federal officials charged with managing downstream resources; and (3) test criteria imposed from July 1991, to November 1991. Data from Phase 1 of the GCES and other sources established that the targeted natural resources are affected by dam operations, but the specific interim criteria chosen were not supported by any existing studies. It is unlikely that irreversible changes to any of the resources would occur over the interim period if historical operating criteria remained in place. It is likely that adoption of any of the sets of proposed interim operating criteria would reduce the levels of sediment transport and erosion below Glen Canyon Dam; however, these interim criteria could result in some adverse effects, including the accumulation of debris at tributary mouths, a shift of new high-water-zone vegetation into more flood-prone areas, and further declines in vegetation in the old high water zone.

  7. Proposed diagnostic criteria for internet addiction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tao, Ran; Huang, Xiuqin; Wang, Jinan; Zhang, Huimin; Zhang, Ying; Li, Mengchen

    2010-03-01

    The objective of this study was to develop diagnostic criteria for internet addiction disorder (IAD) and to evaluate the validity of our proposed diagnostic criteria for discriminating non-dependent from dependent internet use in the general population. This study was conducted in three stages: the developmental stage (110 subjects in the survey group; 408 subjects in the training group), where items of the proposed diagnostic criteria were developed and tested; the validation stage (n = 405), where the proposed criteria were evaluated for criterion-related validity; and the clinical stage (n = 150), where the criteria and the global clinical impression of IAD were evaluated by more than one psychiatrist to determine inter-rater reliability. The proposed internet addiction diagnostic criteria consisted of symptom criterion (seven clinical symptoms of IAD), clinically significant impairment criterion (functional and psychosocial impairments), course criterion (duration of addiction lasting at least 3 months, with at least 6 hours of non-essential internet usage per day) and exclusion criterion (exclusion of dependency attributed to psychotic disorders). A diagnostic score of 2 + 1, where the first two symptoms (preoccupation and withdrawal symptoms) and at least one of the five other symptoms (tolerance, lack of control, continued excessive use despite knowledge of negative effects/affects, loss of interests excluding internet, and use of the internet to escape or relieve a dysphoric mood) was established. Inter-rater reliability was 98%. Our findings suggest that the proposed diagnostic criteria may be useful for the standardization of diagnostic criteria for IAD.

  8. Guidelines for legalized euthanasia in Canada: a proposal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nielsen, T O

    1998-10-01

    Arguments for liberty, mercy, and dignity support the legalization of euthanasia, but there remains a possibility of undesirable social consequences should this occur. Accordingly, proposals must prevent involuntary euthanasia, prevent unconscious coercion of the terminally ill to request euthanasia, protect and enshrine the availability of first-class palliative care, ensure documentation for purposes of enforcement and study, and spell out enforceable consequences for violations. Guidelines set by the Royal Dutch Medical Association have largely failed to meet these requirements. In North America, proposals for legalization, such as Oregon's Measure 16 and the minority opinion in Canada's Rodriguez case, also have flaws in meeting these criteria. Legislation in the Northern Territory of Australia came closest to meeting the requirements outlined, but was overruled after a brief period in effect. In Canada, a comprehensive survey of current euthanasia practices and improved availability of palliative care must precede attempts at legalization. A specific proposal is made for ethics committees operating at a regional health board level to approve legal euthanasia fitting within careful guidelines. Composition, procedures and mandate are described. If a set of guidelines, balancing any right there is "to die with dignity" with a responsibility to protect the weakest in society, is proposed first by the medical community, Parliament may have the courage to enact legislation.

  9. Proposal to revise the planetary protection policy language for Mars

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mogul, Rakesh; Stabekis, Pericles

    2012-07-01

    In this study, we propose revisions to the planetary protection policy language related to Mars exploration. Analysis of the planetary protection policy documents from both NASA and COSPAR reveals that particular phrases (or sections) associated with the Category III and Category IV requirements are ambiguous and/or potentially misleading. Therefore, revised language for specific sections of NASA NPR 8020.12D and the COSPAR Planetary Protection Policy will be presented. For NASA NPR 8020.12D, the proposed language changes will revise and extend upon the sections relating to organic materials reporting and archiving (2.3.1C), the Mars impact requirements for orbiters, flybys, and cruise stages (5.3.1.2), the numerical bioburden requirements for Mars orbiters (5.3.1.4), and the bioburden limits for Mars landers (5.3.2.1-5.3.2.4). Further, our proposed change to the COSPAR Planetary Protection Policy centers upon the total bioburden limits for off-nominal landings in the Martian special regions. Together, the proposed language changes will ultimately serve to update, clarify, and better coordinate the domestic and international policy documents for planetary protection.

  10. Validity of proposed DSM-5 ADHD impulsivity symptoms in children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ünsel Bolat, Gül; Ercan, Eyüp Sabri; Salum, Giovanni Abrahão; Bilaç, Öznur; Massuti, Rafael; Uysal Özaslan, Taciser; Bolat, Hilmi; Rohde, Luis Augusto

    2016-10-01

    The American Psychiatric Association (APA) working group on Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) proposed the inclusion of four new impulsivity symptoms. However, they were not included in DSM-5 due to the lack of sufficient evidence. The aim of this study is to investigate the performance of the proposed four ADHD impulsivity symptoms with respect to: (a) ADHD factor structure; (b) performance in predicting clinical impairment; (c) specificity for ADHD diagnosis and (d) best symptomatic threshold to predict clinical impairment. The sample comprised 416 children (31 ADHD subjects according to both DSM-IV and proposed DSM-5, 20 ADHD subjects according to just one diagnostic system and 365 controls) from 12 schools. Diagnoses were derived using semi-structured interviews and ADHD rating scales. Results from confirmatory factor analysis indicate that addition of the four new impulsivity items provided a slightly better factor structure if compared to models including only 18 items. Regression analyses showed that only one of the new impulsivity symptoms (impatient) was part of the list of best predictors of impairment. None of the four new impulsivity items was specifically associated with ADHD diagnosis. The best cutoff point in the hyperactivity/impulsivity dimension for predicting impairment did not change significantly. Overall, our findings suggest that the determination on how to best capture impulsivity dimension as part of the ADHD construct needs more investigation and that there is not enough evidence to include these four assessed impulsivity symptoms as part of the ADHD criteria.

  11. Proposal of a "Checklist" for endodontic treatment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Díaz-Flores-García, Víctor; Perea-Pérez, Bernardo; Labajo-González, Elena; Santiago-Sáez, Andrés; Cisneros-Cabello, Rafael

    2014-04-01

    On the basis of the "Surgical Checklist" proposed by the WHO, we propose a new Checklist model adapted to the procedures of endodontic treatment. The proposed document contains 21 items which are broken down into two groups: those which must be verified before beginning the treatment, and those which must be verified after completing it, but before the patient leaves the dentist's office. The Checklist is an easy-to-use tool that requires little time but provides, order, logic and systematization by taking into account certain basic concepts to increase patient safety. We believe that the result is a Checklist that is easy to complete and which ensure the fulfillment of the key points on patient safety in the field of endodontics. Key words:Checklist, endodontics, patient safety, adverse event.

  12. Proposed indicators for a monitoring programme. Summary

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2012-07-01

    The report presents proposals for a set of indicators to be used in a coordinated monitoring programme for the North Sea and Skagerrak ecosystems. This report suggests reference values and action thresholds for the indicators and suitable monitoring stations and survey transects, based on existing time series where possible. The relevance of the proposed indicators is also assessed to national and international environmental policy goals. The national targets of Norway's environmental policy and indicators used in the monitoring systems for the other Norwegian open sea areas were taken into account when drawing up the proposals. In the international context, The management plan was also assessed to the Convention on Biological Diversity, the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES), the Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment of the North-East Atlantic (the OSPAR Convention) and the EU's Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD).(Author)

  13. 76 FR 37142 - Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Incidental Take Permit Application; Proposed Low...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-24

    ... minimization measures proposed to address the effects of the project on the scrub-jay. DATES: Written comments... project qualifies as a low-effect plan on the following three criteria: (1) Implementation of the project... Application; Proposed Low-Effect Habitat Conservation Plan and Associated Documents; Charlotte County, FL...

  14. 75 FR 49514 - Notice of Availability for the Little Snake Proposed Resource Management Plan and Final...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-13

    ... Bureau of Land Management Notice of Availability for the Little Snake Proposed Resource Management Plan... Proposed Resource Management Plan (RMP)/Final Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) for the Little Snake... Visual Resource Management Class II, and designated as a right-of-way exclusion area unless associated...

  15. A proposed experiment on ball lightning model

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ignatovich, Vladimir K., E-mail: v.ignatovi@gmail.com [Frank Laboratory for Neutron Physics, Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna 141980 (Russian Federation); Ignatovich, Filipp V. [1565 Jefferson Rd., 420, Rochester, NY 14623 (United States)

    2011-09-19

    Highlights: → We propose to put a glass sphere inside an excited gas. → Then to put a light ray inside the glass in a whispering gallery mode. → If the light is resonant to gas excitation, it will be amplified at every reflection. → In ms time the light in the glass will be amplified, and will melt the glass. → A liquid shell kept integer by electrostriction forces is the ball lightning model. -- Abstract: We propose an experiment for strong light amplification at multiple total reflections from active gaseous media.

  16. Proposal for Modified Damage Probability Distribution Functions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Preben Terndrup; Hansen, Peter Friis

    1996-01-01

    Immidiately following the Estonia disaster, the Nordic countries establishe a project entitled "Safety of Passenger/RoRo Vessels" As part of this project the present proposal for modified damage stability probability distribution functions has been developed. and submitted to "Sub-committee on st......Immidiately following the Estonia disaster, the Nordic countries establishe a project entitled "Safety of Passenger/RoRo Vessels" As part of this project the present proposal for modified damage stability probability distribution functions has been developed. and submitted to "Sub...

  17. Reorganizing the nursing home industry: a proposal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shulman, D; Galanter, R

    1976-01-01

    This paper proposes a reorganization of the nursing home industry with capital facilities owned by government, but with management conducted through a system of competitive contracts with the private sector. The paper explicity demonstrates in real estate finance terms how the present system of private ownership of capital facilities inherently impedes providing a high quality of care. The authors believe that in the proposed industry reorganization, market forces, instead of working against quality care, would be supportive of quality care in a framework that would involve generally less regulation than exists today.

  18. Sport Psychology: some new proposals being developed

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco J. Ortin-Montero

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available This introduction should serve as a framework for the following monograph. While it is true that other authors have examined the discipline of sport psychology, the majority of them have done so from a very generalist perspective. For possibly the first time, there has been an attempt to rely on specialists who, from a very precise proposal, have offered us unique approaches with a wide scientific foundation applied to this area of study. A theoretical framework that adequately delimits the structure of this proposal regarding sport psychology is presented.

  19. 78 FR 44567 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-24

    ... the farming community. High rates of traumatic injury are associated with the use of older tractors... developed through review of relevant research studies. CDC proposes to collect customized information, from...

  20. 76 FR 71037 - Proposed National Toxicology Program (NTP) Review Process for the Report on Carcinogens: Request...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-16

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Proposed National Toxicology Program (NTP) Review Process for the Report on Carcinogens... Toxicology Program (DNTP), National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS); National Institutes... (see ADDRESSES). Dated: November 8, 2011. John R. Bucher, Associate Director, National Toxicology...

  1. 75 FR 1568 - Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Proposed Designation of Critical Habitat for...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-12

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR...) and Lomatium cookii (Cook's Lomatium) AGENCY: Fish and Wildlife Service, Interior. ACTION: Proposed... cookii associated with the following categories ] of activity: (1) residential, urban, and commercial...

  2. Misperceiving Bullshit as Profound Is Associated with Favorable Views of Cruz, Rubio, Trump and Conservatism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pfattheicher, Stefan; Schindler, Simon

    2016-01-01

    The present research investigates the associations between holding favorable views of potential Democratic or Republican candidates for the US presidency 2016 and seeing profoundness in bullshit statements. In this contribution, bullshit is used as a technical term which is defined as communicative expression that lacks content, logic, or truth from the perspective of natural science. We used the Bullshit Receptivity scale (BSR) to measure seeing profoundness in bullshit statements. The BSR scale contains statements that have a correct syntactic structure and seem to be sound and meaningful on first reading but are actually vacuous. Participants (N = 196; obtained via Amazon Mechanical Turk) rated the profoundness of bullshit statements (using the BSR) and provided favorability ratings of three Democratic (Hillary Clinton, Martin O'Malley, and Bernie Sanders) and three Republican candidates for US president (Ted Cruz, Marco Rubio, and Donald Trump). Participants also completed a measure of political liberalism/conservatism. Results revealed that favorable views of all three Republican candidates were positively related to judging bullshit statements as profound. The smallest correlation was found for Donald Trump. Although we observe a positive association between bullshit and support for the three Democrat candidates, this relationship is both substantively small and statistically insignificant. The general measure of political liberalism/conservatism was also related to judging bullshit statements as profound in that individuals who were more politically conservative had a higher tendency to see profoundness in bullshit statements. Of note, these results were not due to a general tendency among conservatives to see profoundness in everything: Favorable views of Republican candidates and conservatism were not significantly related to profoundness ratings of mundane statements. In contrast, this was the case for Hillary Clinton and Martin O'Malley. Overall, small

  3. Misperceiving Bullshit as Profound Is Associated with Favorable Views of Cruz, Rubio, Trump and Conservatism.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stefan Pfattheicher

    Full Text Available The present research investigates the associations between holding favorable views of potential Democratic or Republican candidates for the US presidency 2016 and seeing profoundness in bullshit statements. In this contribution, bullshit is used as a technical term which is defined as communicative expression that lacks content, logic, or truth from the perspective of natural science. We used the Bullshit Receptivity scale (BSR to measure seeing profoundness in bullshit statements. The BSR scale contains statements that have a correct syntactic structure and seem to be sound and meaningful on first reading but are actually vacuous. Participants (N = 196; obtained via Amazon Mechanical Turk rated the profoundness of bullshit statements (using the BSR and provided favorability ratings of three Democratic (Hillary Clinton, Martin O'Malley, and Bernie Sanders and three Republican candidates for US president (Ted Cruz, Marco Rubio, and Donald Trump. Participants also completed a measure of political liberalism/conservatism. Results revealed that favorable views of all three Republican candidates were positively related to judging bullshit statements as profound. The smallest correlation was found for Donald Trump. Although we observe a positive association between bullshit and support for the three Democrat candidates, this relationship is both substantively small and statistically insignificant. The general measure of political liberalism/conservatism was also related to judging bullshit statements as profound in that individuals who were more politically conservative had a higher tendency to see profoundness in bullshit statements. Of note, these results were not due to a general tendency among conservatives to see profoundness in everything: Favorable views of Republican candidates and conservatism were not significantly related to profoundness ratings of mundane statements. In contrast, this was the case for Hillary Clinton and Martin O

  4. Medicare depreciation; useful life guidelines--HCFA. Proposed rule.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-09-30

    We are proposing to amend Medicare regulations to clarify which useful life guidelines providers of health care services may use to determine the useful life of a depreciable asset for Medicare reimbursement purposes. Current regulations state that providers must utilize HHS useful life guidelines or, if none have been published by HHS, the American Hospital Association (AHA) useful life guidelines of 1973 or IRS guidelines. We are proposing to eliminate the reference to IRS guidelines because those previously acceptable for Medicare purposes are outdated and have been made obsolete by the IRS or by statutory change. We would also delete the specific reference to the 1973 AHA guidelines. In addition, we intend this amendment to clarify that certain tax legislation on accelerated depreciation, recently passed by Congress, does not apply to the Medicare program.

  5. METAHEURISTICS EVALUATION: A PROPOSAL FOR A MULTICRITERIA METHODOLOGY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valdir Agustinho de Melo

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT In this work we propose a multicriteria evaluation scheme for heuristic algorithms based on the classic Condorcet ranking technique. Weights are associated to the ranking of an algorithm among a set being object of comparison. We used five criteria and a function on the set of natural numbers to create a ranking. The discussed comparison involves three well-known problems of combinatorial optimization - Traveling Salesperson Problem (TSP, Capacitated Vehicle Routing Problem (CVRP and Quadratic Assignment Problem (QAP. The tested instances came from public libraries. Each algorithm was used with essentially the same structure, the same local search was applied and the initial solutions were similarly built. It is important to note that the work does not make proposals involving algorithms: the results for the three problems are shown only to illustrate the operation of the evaluation technique. Four metaheuristics - GRASP, Tabu Search, ILS and VNS - are therefore only used for the comparisons.

  6. Proposals for risk management in environments with activities involving nanomaterials

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luís Renato Balbão Andrade

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available The handling of nanomaterials presents enormous challenges for risk management in research and production of new materials. However, data on the impacts of these new materials on human health and the environment need to be expanded. Several efforts have been made to mitigate the hardships and offer guidelines for the management of risks associated with nanomaterials. This article aims to provide a broad and comparing view of the main proposals in the literature. The methodology was systematic analysis encompassing 17 proposed risk management with nanomaterials. The results indicate that, although there is no consensus on the metrics used to characterize the risks of na-nomaterials, the adoption of the Precautionary Principle, the control banding approach and stakeholder involvement stands out among the documents analyzed.

  7. 75 FR 82005 - Proposed Subsequent Arrangement

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-29

    ... Nonproliferation and International Security, Department of Energy. ACTION: Proposed subsequent arrangement. SUMMARY..., Canada, to Korea Nuclear Fuel Co. Ltd. in Yuson-Gu, Taejon, South Korea. The material, which is currently... Energy. Thomas P. D'Agostino, Administrator, National Nuclear Security Administration. [FR Doc. 2010...

  8. Call for Implementation Research Proposals: Health Information ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Chaitali Sinha

    2017-04-10

    Apr 10, 2017 ... Introduction. Canada's International Development Research Centre (IDRC) is pleased to announce a call for implementation research proposals to contribute to national and regional efforts to improve health systems responsiveness in West Africa (WA). Two separate but complementary thematic areas of ...

  9. 77 FR 15362 - Proposed Agency Information Collection

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-15

    ....'' Schedule 2 of the Form EIA-923, ``Power Plant Operations Report,'' collects the cost and quality of fossil... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY U. S. Energy Information Administration Proposed Agency Information Collection AGENCY: U.S. Energy Information...

  10. 75 FR 18485 - Proposed Collection, Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-12

    ... ethical responsibilities for including humans as subjects in research. Principal and co-principal investigators must have the proposed, signed form on file before they may engage in research conducted... members of the public is to make these submissions available for public viewing on the Internet at http...

  11. 76 FR 45786 - Proposed Agency Information Collection

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-01

    ... and Renewable Energy, Building Technologies Program, EE-2J, 1000 Independence Avenue, SW., Washington... Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Building Technologies Program, EE-2J, 1000 Independence Avenue SW... of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Proposed Agency Information Collection AGENCY: Office of...

  12. 77 FR 8222 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-14

    ... facility usage data to prepare monthly metrics and data management reports; to register applicants for... proposed information collection; (c) ways to enhance the quality, utility, and clarity of the information...://www.regulations.gov . Follow the instructions for submitting comments. Mail: Federal Docket Management...

  13. 76 FR 29282 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-20

    ... information collection: Application for Reimbursement for Hospital Insurance Services in Canada; OMB 3220-0086... data collections. Comments are invited on: (a) Whether the proposed information collection is necessary for the proper performance of the functions of the agency, including whether the information has...

  14. Challenging Messick: Proposing a theoretical framework for ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Challenging Messick: Proposing a theoretical framework for understanding fundamental concepts in language testing. ... questions related to the social dimension in testing (issues related to transparency, integrity, accountability, fairness and ethics) are not ignored in the design and administration of language tests?

  15. A preferential proposal for contextual reasoning

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Casini, G

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available and classical set theory are no longer considered adequate tools for the formalization of the conceptual structures introduced by such new proposals. In this paper, starting from a recent work by Michael Freund, we present a logical formalization for a theory...

  16. 77 FR 38791 - Proposed Agency Information Collection

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-29

    ... of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Proposed Agency Information Collection AGENCY: Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Department of Energy. ACTION: Notice and request for OMB review... number of customers reached, bulbs sold, energy savings, and other tangible benefits.; (5) Annual...

  17. 76 FR 13398 - Proposed Agency Information Collection

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-11

    ... of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Proposed Agency Information Collection AGENCY: Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Department of Energy. ACTION: Notice and Request for Comments... with the program, and non-energy benefits is needed for a comprehensive and rigorous evaluation of the...

  18. 76 FR 56194 - Proposed Settlement Agreement

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-12

    ... the Clean Air Act, as amended (``Act''), 42 U.S.C. 7413(g), notice is hereby given of a proposed..., Insight Equity Acquisition Partners, LP, Liquidtitan, LLC and Seaport Refining and Environmental, LLC... mailing address above. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Michael Horowitz, Air and Radiation Law Office...

  19. 76 FR 49460 - Proposed Agency Information Collection

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-10

    ... renew Information Collection Request Title: OE Recovery Act Financial Assistance Grants, OMB Control No... methodology and assumptions used; (c) ways to enhance the quality, utility, and clarity of the information to... Proposed Agency Information Collection AGENCY: U.S. Department of Energy. ACTION: Notice and Request for...

  20. 78 FR 34654 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-10

    ... proposed collection of information is necessary for the proper performance of the functions of the agency.... Mail: Federal Docket Management System Office, 4800 Mark Center Drive, Suite 02G09, East Tower, 2nd... through AdvancED is based on adherence to the five AdvancED standards, verifiable student and...

  1. 77 FR 59225 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-26

    ... Commission plans to submit this existing collection of information to the Office of Management and Budget for... comply with Rule 17Ad-17 is five hours annually. The total burden is approximately 2,385 hours annually...) Whether the proposed collection of information is necessary for the proper performance of the functions of...

  2. 78 FR 69837 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-21

    ... 4-Year College Scholarship Application (For High School Students); CC Form 114-R; OMB Control Number...) Whether the proposed collection of information is necessary for the proper performance of the functions of... pursue educational degrees in the academic disciplines required by the Army. The information is collected...

  3. 78 FR 64482 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-29

    ...: Defense Acquisition University, Student Information System (SIS); OMB Control Number 0704- TBD. Needs and... studies to determine improved criteria for selecting students into classes; forecast demand for future... of the Secretary Proposed Collection; Comment Request AGENCY: Defense Acquisition University, DoD...

  4. 78 FR 149 - Proposed Collection: Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-02

    ... Bureau of the Public Debt Proposed Collection: Comment Request ACTION: Notice and request for comments... 1995, Public Law 104-13 (44 U.S.C. 3506(c)(2)(A). Currently the Bureau of the Public Debt within the... to Bureau of the Public Debt, Bruce A. Sharp, 200 Third Street A4-A, Parkersburg, WV 26106-1328, or...

  5. 75 FR 14659 - Proposed Collection: Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-26

    ... Bureau of the Public Debt Proposed Collection: Comment Request ACTION: Notice and request for comments... 1995, Public Law 104-13 (44 U.S.C. 3506(c)(2)(A). Currently the Bureau of the Public Debt within the... to Bureau of the Public Debt, Judi Owens, 200 Third Street, A4-A, Parkersburg, WV 26106-1328, or judi...

  6. 77 FR 5090 - Proposed Collection: Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-01

    ... Bureau of the Public Debt Proposed Collection: Comment Request ACTION: Notice and request for comments... 1995, Public Law 104-13 (44 U.S.C. 3506(c)(2)(A)). Currently the Bureau of the Public Debt within the... the Public Debt, Bruce A. Sharp, 200 Third Street A4-A, Parkersburg, WV 26106-1328, or [email protected

  7. 75 FR 38868 - Proposed Collection: Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-06

    ... Doc No: 2010-16274] DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY Bureau of the Public Debt Proposed Collection: Comment... Bureau of the Public Debt within the Department of the Treasury is soliciting comments concerning the... assured of consideration. ADDRESSES: Direct all written comments to Bureau of the Public Debt, Judi Owens...

  8. 77 FR 38394 - Proposed Collection: Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-27

    ... Bureau of the Public Debt Proposed Collection: Comment Request ACTION: Notice and request for comments... 1995, Public Law 104-13 (44 U.S.C. 3506(c)(2)(A). Currently the Bureau of the Public Debt within the... consideration. ADDRESSES: Direct all written comments to Bureau of the Public Debt, Bruce A. Sharp, 200 Third...

  9. 77 FR 65248 - Proposed Collection: Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-25

    ... Bureau of the Public Debt Proposed Collection: Comment Request ACTION: Notice and request for comments... 1995, Public Law 104-13 (44 U.S.C. 3506(c)(2)(A). Currently the Bureau of the Public Debt within the... written comments to Bureau of the Public Debt, Bruce A. Sharp, 200 Third Street A4-A, Parkersburg, WV...

  10. 77 FR 65247 - Proposed Collection: Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-25

    ... Bureau of the Public Debt Proposed Collection: Comment Request ACTION: Notice and request for comments... 1995, Public Law 104-13 (44 U.S.C. 3506(c)(2)(A)). Currently the Bureau of the Public Debt within the... consideration. ADDRESSES: Direct all written comments to Bureau of the Public Debt, Bruce A. Sharp, 200 Third...

  11. 77 FR 32179 - Proposed Collection: Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-31

    ... Bureau of the Public Debt Proposed Collection: Comment Request ACTION: Notice and request for comments... 1995, Public Law 104-13 (44 U.S.C. 3506(c)(2)(A). Currently the Bureau of the Public Debt within the... to Bureau of the Public Debt, Bruce A. Sharp, 200 Third Street A4-A, Parkersburg, WV 26106-1328, or...

  12. 75 FR 5373 - Proposed Collection: Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-02

    ... Bureau of the Public Debt Proposed Collection: Comment Request ACTION: Notice and request for comments... 1995, Public Law 104-13 (44 U.S.C. 3506(c)(2)(A). Currently the Bureau of the Public Debt within the... consideration. ADDRESSES: Direct all written comments to Bureau of the Public Debt, Judi Owens, 200 Third Street...

  13. 77 FR 13175 - Proposed Collection: Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-05

    ... Bureau of the Public Debt Proposed Collection: Comment Request ACTION: Notice and request for comments... 1995, Public Law 104-13 (44 U.S.C. 3506(c)(2)(A). Currently the Bureau of the Public Debt within the... be assured of consideration. ADDRESSES: Direct all written comments to Bureau of the Public Debt...

  14. 77 FR 32178 - Proposed Collection: Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-31

    ... Bureau of the Public Debt Proposed Collection: Comment Request ACTION: Notice and request for comments... 1995, Public Law 104-13 (44 U.S.C. 3506(c)(2)(A). Currently the Bureau of the Public Debt within the... assured of consideration. ADDRESSES: Direct all written comments to Bureau of the Public Debt, Bruce A...

  15. 77 FR 43430 - Proposed Collection: Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-24

    ... Bureau of the Public Debt Proposed Collection: Comment Request ACTION: Notice and request for comments... 1995, Public Law 104-13 (44 U.S.C. 3506(c)(2)(A). Currently the Bureau of the Public Debt within the... be assured of consideration. ADDRESSES: Direct all written comments to Bureau of the Public Debt...

  16. 78 FR 25534 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-01

    ... Bureau of the Public Debt Proposed Collection; Comment Request ACTION: Notice and request for comments... 1995, Public Law 104-13 (44 U.S.C. 3506(c)(2)(A). Currently the Bureau of the Public Debt within the... assured of consideration. ADDRESSES: Direct all written comments to Bureau of the Public Debt, Bruce A...

  17. 75 FR 51878 - Proposed Collection: Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-23

    ... No: 2010-20867] DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY Bureau of the Public Debt Proposed Collection: Comment... Bureau of the Public Debt within the Department of the Treasury is soliciting comments concerning the... be assured of consideration. ADDRESSES: Direct all written comments to Bureau of the Public Debt...

  18. 77 FR 19424 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-30

    ... Bureau of the Public Debt Proposed Collection; Comment Request ACTION: Notice and request for comments... 1995, Public Law 104-13 (44 U.S.C. 3506(c)(2)(A). Currently the Bureau of the Public Debt within the...: Direct all written comments to Bureau of the Public Debt, Bruce A. Sharp, 200 Third Street A4-A...

  19. 75 FR 74148 - Proposed Collection: Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-30

    ... Bureau of the Public Debt Proposed Collection: Comment Request ACTION: Notice and request for comments... 1995, Public Law 104-13 (44 U.S.C. 3506(c)(2)(A)). Currently the Bureau of the Public Debt within the.... ADDRESSES: Direct all written comments to Bureau of the Public Debt, Robert Schumacher, 200 Third Street, A4...

  20. 76 FR 26801 - Proposed Collection: Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-09

    ... Bureau of the Public Debt Proposed Collection: Comment Request ACTION: Notice and request for comments... 1995, Public Law 104-13 (44 U.S.C. 3506(c)(2)(A). Currently the Bureau of the Public Debt within the..., to be assured of consideration. ADDRESSES: Direct all written comments to Bureau of the Public Debt...

  1. 77 FR 69547 - Proposed Collection: Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-19

    ... Bureau of the Public Debt Proposed Collection: Comment Request ACTION: Notice and request for comments... 1995, Public Law 104-13 (44 U.S.C. 3506(c)(2)(A). Currently the Bureau of the Public Debt within the..., Bureau of the Public Debt, 200 Third Street A4-A, Parkersburg, WV 26106-1328, (304) 480-8150...

  2. 77 FR 13176 - Proposed Collection: Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-05

    ... Bureau of the Public Debt Proposed Collection: Comment Request AGENCY: Bureau of the Public Debt...). Currently the Bureau of the Public Debt within the Department of the Treasury is soliciting comments.... ADDRESSES: Direct all written comments to Bureau of the Public Debt, Bruce A. Sharp, 200 Third Street A4-A...

  3. 77 FR 32181 - Proposed Collection: Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-31

    ... Bureau of the Public Debt Proposed Collection: Comment Request ACTION: Notice and request for comments... 1995, Public Law 104-13 (44 U.S.C. 3506(c)(2)(A)). Currently the Bureau of the Public Debt within the... written comments to Bureau of the Public Debt, Bruce A. Sharp, 200 Third Street A4-A, Parkersburg, WV...

  4. 77 FR 19058 - Proposed Collection: Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-29

    ... No: 2012-7549] DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY Bureau of the Public Debt Proposed Collection: Comment... Bureau of the Public Debt within the Department of the Treasury is soliciting comments concerning the...: Direct all written comments to Bureau of the Public Debt, Bruce A. Sharp, 200 Third Street A4-A...

  5. 75 FR 5372 - Proposed Collection: Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-02

    ... Bureau of the Public Debt Proposed Collection: Comment Request ACTION: Notice and request for comments... 1995, Public Law 104-13 (44 U.S.C. 3506(c)(2)(A). Currently the Bureau of the Public Debt within the... of the Public Debt, Judi Owens, 200 Third Street, A4-A, Parkersburg, WV 26106-1328, or [email protected

  6. 78 FR 25535 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-01

    ... Bureau of the Public Debt Proposed Collection; Comment Request ACTION: Notice and request for comments... 1995, Public Law 104-13 (44 U.S.C. 3506(c)(2)(A). Currently the Bureau of the Public Debt within the..., Bureau of the Public Debt, 200 Third Street A4-A, Parkersburg, WV 26106-1328, (304) 480-8150...

  7. 77 FR 74053 - Proposed Collection: Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-12

    ... Bureau of the Public Debt Proposed Collection: Comment Request ACTION: Notice and request for comments... 1995, Public Law 104-13 (44 U.S.C. 3506(c)(2)(A). Currently the Bureau of the Public Debt within the... written comments to Bureau of the Public Debt, Bruce A. Sharp, 200 Third Street A4-A, Parkersburg, WV...

  8. 75 FR 51877 - Proposed Collection: Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-23

    ... No: 2010-20871] DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY Bureau of the Public Debt Proposed Collection: Comment... Bureau of the Public Debt within the Department of the Treasury is soliciting comments concerning the... be assured of consideration. ADDRESSES: Direct all written comments to Bureau of the Public Debt...

  9. 77 FR 60026 - Proposed Collection: Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-01

    ... Bureau of the Public Debt Proposed Collection: Comment Request ACTION: Notice and request for comments... 1995, Public Law 104-13 (44 U.S.C. 3506(c)(2)(A). Currently the Bureau of the Public Debt within the... consideration. ADDRESSES: Direct all written comments to Bureau of the Public Debt, Bruce A. Sharp, 200 Third...

  10. 76 FR 26802 - Proposed Collection: Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-09

    ... Bureau of the Public Debt Proposed Collection: Comment Request ACTION: Notice and request for comments... 1995, Public Law 104-13 (44 U.S.C. 3506(c)(2)(A). Currently the Bureau of the Public Debt within the... assured of consideration. ADDRESSES: Direct all written comments to Bureau of the Public Debt, Bruce A...

  11. 75 FR 54226 - Proposed Collection: Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-03

    ... Doc No: 2010-22126] DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY Bureau of the Public Debt Proposed Collection: Comment... Bureau of the Public Debt within the Department of the Treasury is soliciting comments concerning the... consideration. ADDRESSES: Direct all written comments to Bureau of the Public Debt, Judi Owens, 200 Third Street...

  12. 77 FR 69548 - Proposed Collection: Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-19

    ... Bureau of the Public Debt Proposed Collection: Comment Request ACTION: Notice and request for comments... 1995, Public Law 104-13 (44 U.S.C. 3506(c)(2)(A). Currently the Bureau of the Public Debt within the... assured of consideration. ADDRESSES: Direct all written comments to Bureau of the Public Debt, Bruce A...

  13. 76 FR 6652 - Proposed Collection: Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-07

    ... Bureau of the Public Debt Proposed Collection: Comment Request ACTION: Notice and request for comments... 1995, Public Law 104-13 (44 U.S.C. 3506(c)(2)(A). Currently the Bureau of the Public Debt within the... of consideration. ADDRESSES: Direct all written comments to Bureau of the Public Debt, Robert...

  14. 78 FR 22040 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-12

    ... Bureau of the Public Debt Proposed Collection; Comment Request ACTION: Notice and request for comments... 1995, Public Law 104-13 (44 U.S.C. 3506(c)(2)(A)). Currently the Bureau of the Public Debt within the... consideration. ADDRESSES: Direct all written comments to Bureau of the Public Debt, Bruce A. Sharp, 200 Third...

  15. 77 FR 19057 - Proposed Collection: Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-29

    ... No: 2012-7548] DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY Bureau of the Public Debt Proposed Collection: Comment... Bureau of the Public Debt within the Department of the Treasury is soliciting comments concerning the... comments to Bureau of the Public Debt, Bruce A. Sharp, 200 Third Street A4-A, Parkersburg, WV 26106-1328...

  16. 78 FR 21706 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-11

    ... Bureau of the Public Debt Proposed Collection; Comment Request ACTION: Notice and request for comments... 1995, Public Law 104-13 (44 U.S.C. 3506(c)(2)(A). Currently the Bureau of the Public Debt within the... consideration. ADDRESSES: Direct all written comments to Bureau of the Public Debt, Bruce A. Sharp, 200 Third...

  17. 75 FR 68026 - Proposed Collection: Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-04

    ... Doc No: 2010-27863] DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY Bureau of the Public Debt Proposed Collection: Comment... Bureau of the Public Debt within the Department of the Treasury is soliciting comments concerning the... of the Public Debt, Robert L. Schumacher, 200 Third Street, A4-A, Parkersburg, WV 26106- 1328, or...

  18. 76 FR 61479 - Proposed Collection: Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-04

    ... Bureau of the Public Debt Proposed Collection: Comment Request ACTION: Notice and request for comments... 1995, Public Law 104-13 (44 U.S.C. 3506(c)(2)(A). Currently the Bureau of the Public Debt within the..., Bureau of the Public Debt, 200 Third Street A4-A, Parkersburg, WV 26106-1328, (304) 480-8150...

  19. 78 FR 25533 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-01

    ... Bureau of the Public Debt Proposed Collection; Comment Request ACTION: Notice and request for comments... 1995, Public Law 104-13 (44 U.S.C. 3506(c)(2)(A). Currently the Bureau of the Public Debt within the... to Bureau of the Public Debt, Bruce A. Sharp, 200 Third Street A4-A, Parkersburg, WV 26106-1328, or...

  20. 75 FR 14660 - Proposed Collection: Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-26

    ... Bureau of the Public Debt Proposed Collection: Comment Request ACTION: Notice and request for comments... 1995, Public Law 104-13 (44 U.S.C. 3506(c)(2)(A). Currently the Bureau of the Public Debt within the... Bureau of the Public Debt, Judi Owens, 200 Third Street, A4-A, Parkersburg, WV 26106-1328, or judi.owens...

  1. 75 FR 32684 - Proposed Flood Elevation Determinations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-09

    ... flexibility analysis is not required. Executive Order 12866, Regulatory Planning and Review. This proposed...) + Elevation in feet (NAVD) Depth in feet above Flooding source(s) Location of referenced ground Communities... upstream of Country Club Boulevard. * National Geodetic Vertical Datum. + North American Vertical Datum...

  2. 76 FR 35915 - Proposed Information Collection Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-20

    ... Doc No: 2011-15297] DEPARTMENT OF LABOR Office of Disability Employment Policy Proposed Information... Office of Disability Employment Policy (ODEP) of the Department of Labor (DOL) is soliciting comments... Administration/Office of Disability Employment Policy Disability Employment Initiative (DEI). A copy of the...

  3. The Proposed Plea Bargaining in Ethiopia …

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Alemu Meheretu

    This is not to suggest that plea bargaining has no room for application in. Ethiopia. Some studies ... but at the same time enticed by its practical benefits uphold it and often propose reforms to rectify its flaws.11 ..... new role of influencing the outcome of the case to their advantage, is preferable over the traditional inquisitorial.

  4. Call for Proposals Safe and Inclusive Cities

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Marie-Isabelle Beyer

    2012-06-07

    Jun 7, 2012 ... It also seeks to identify the most effective strategies for addressing these .... role of information and communication technologies in development, and integrates these dimensions into all research ..... Well-articulated communication strategy, which proposes a range of outputs, tools and approaches for ...

  5. 76 FR 56226 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-12

    ... general public and Federal agencies with an opportunity to comment on proposed and/or continuing... framework that draws heavily on the theories and methods of the cognitive, statistical, and social sciences... administration, as well as on issues related to interviewer training, the interaction between interviewer and...

  6. 76 FR 26976 - Proposed Flood Elevation Determinations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-10

    ... buildings. Comments on any aspect of the Flood Insurance Study and FIRM, other than the proposed BFEs, will... inspection at 379 Depot Street, Riverside, AL 35135. Cass County, Missouri, and Incorporated Areas Lake... effects from Poney 1,300 feet upstream of Cass County Creek). the Poney Creek confluence to approximately...

  7. 75 FR 34415 - Proposed Flood Elevation Determinations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-17

    ... Flood Insurance Study and FIRM, other than the proposed BFEs, will be considered. A letter acknowledging... 177 North Center Street, Versailles, OH 45380. Cass County, Texas, and Incorporated Areas Black Bayou Just upstream of FM 251 None +227 Unincorporated Areas of Cass County. Approximately 1 mile None +237...

  8. The Hospitality Industry. A Proposed Vocational Course.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Greenville Union School District 60, ME.

    This curriculum guide outlines a proposed course in the hospitality industry for Greenville, Maine, High School. The course would be organized in four areas--lodging, recreation, travel, and food service--from which the individual instructional units would be developed. This guide contains the following course information for each of the four…

  9. 76 FR 80988 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-27

    ...) of the Railroad Unemployment Insurance Act (RUIA), the Railroad Retirement Board (RRB) is entitled to... respondent. The RRB proposes no changes to the forms in the collection. Estimate of Annual Respondent Burden... editorial and formatting changes. Form G-254a, Continuing Disability Update Report, is used to help identify...

  10. 76 FR 58083 - Proposed Collections; Comment Requests

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-19

    ... the U.S. international investment position, and for formulating U.S. international financial and... revisions of an information collection that are proposed for approval by the Office of Management and Budget. The Office of International Affairs within the Department of the Treasury is soliciting comments...

  11. 76 FR 58087 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-19

    .... international investment position, and for formulating U.S. international financial and monetary policies... revisions of an information collection that are proposed for approval by the Office of Management and Budget. The Office of International Affairs within the Department of the Treasury is soliciting comments...

  12. 76 FR 54747 - Proposed Agency Information Collection

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-02

    ... Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Proposed Agency Information Collection AGENCY: Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, U.S. Department of Energy. ACTION: Notice and Request for OMB... indicators. The Solar Energy Technologies Program (SETP) seeks to reduce non-hardware costs of solar systems...

  13. 77 FR 35754 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-14

    ... Manager for Certification, Compliance Monitoring and Evaluation, Community Development Financial... Community Development Financial Institutions Fund Proposed Collection; Comment Request ACTION: Notice and... Reduction Act of 1995, Public Law 104-13 (44 U.S.C. 3506(c)(2)(A)). Currently, the Community Development...

  14. 76 FR 15900 - Proposed Flood Elevation Determinations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-22

    ... SECURITY Federal Emergency Management Agency 44 CFR Part 67 Proposed Flood Elevation Determinations... County, Hawaii, the headings are corrected to read as set forth below: * Elevation in feet (NGVD... Communities affected Elevation in feet (LTD) Effective Modified Maui County, Hawaii * * * * * BILLING CODE...

  15. 36 CFR 219.6 - Proposed actions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Section 219.6 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE PLANNING...-specific action, or both. (b) NEPA requirements. Unless otherwise provided by law, the responsible official must analyze the effects of the proposal and alternative(s) in conformance with Forest Service NEPA...

  16. 75 FR 37839 - Proposed Collection, Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-30

    ... economy. This work is necessary to meet the publication objective outlined in the President's FY2010... the proposed definition of green jobs in a March 16th, 2010, Federal Register Notice (75 FR 12571... related to use of environmentally friendly processes across the U.S. economy. Using its business...

  17. 48 CFR 315.305 - Proposal evaluation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES CONTRACTING BY NEGOTIATION Source Selection 315.305 Proposal evaluation. (a)(1... Project Officer's comments for negotiations or to support award without discussions. The Contracting... there is no apparent or actual conflict of interest regarding any recommended panel member. (4) A copy...

  18. A proposed groundwater management framework for municipalities ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    A proposed groundwater management framework for municipalities in South Africa. K Riemann*, N Chimboza and M Fubesi. Umvoto Africa (Pty) Ltd, PO Box 61, Muizenberg, Cape Town, Western Cape, South Africa. Abstract. Groundwater is not being perceived as an important water resource and therefore has been given ...

  19. 77 FR 780 - Procurement List Proposed Additions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-06

    ...-3259. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION OR TO SUBMIT COMMENTS CONTACT: Barry S. Lineback, Telephone: (703) 603... (41 U.S.C. Chapter 85) in connection with the product and service proposed for addition to the..., globes/lenses, trophies/display cases, drapes/curtains, venetian blinds and curtain rods; display and...

  20. 77 FR 35942 - Procurement List; Proposed Additions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-15

    ..., Virginia, 22202-3259. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION OR TO SUBMIT COMMENTS CONTACT: Patricia Briscoe, Telephone... (41 U.S.C. 8501-8506) in connection with the products and services proposed for addition to the...: 6650-00-NIB-0054--Lenses, Progressives (VIP, Adaptar, Freedom, Image), Polycarbonate NSN: 6650-00-NIB...

  1. Proposed Classification of Software for CAMAC

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Palle; Moszczynskii, J. J.; Nicolaysen, O. P.

    1974-01-01

    This proposed classification of CAMAC software is an extension of the scheme used for the CAMAC hardware product guide. An example of a CAMAC software guide illustrates the use of this classification. A form summarising the data needed for the exchange of software documentation is included...

  2. 78 FR 58525 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-24

    ... Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics, DoD. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: In compliance with... for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics announces a proposed public information collection and... of the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics, 3010 Defense Pentagon...

  3. 77 FR 17464 - Proposed Agency Information Collection

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-26

    ... Management and Budget (OMB) for clearance, a proposal for collection of information under the provisions of... presidential leadership initiative intended to drive greater energy efficiency in the commercial and industrial... showcase real solutions and partner with industry leaders to better understand policy and technical...

  4. 76 FR 54812 - Proposed Collections; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-02

    ... (including the proposed Internet equivalent BA-3) to 116 hours and 51 minutes for manual responses. The... manual response. The completion time for form BA-12 is estimated at 10 minutes when used to terminate... should be sent to Patricia A. Henaghan, Railroad Retirement Board, 844 North Rush Street, Chicago...

  5. 78 FR 43863 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-22

    ... 5220.22, ``National Industrial Security Program.'' DSS carries out its NISP administration mission in... contract, technology, program, and facility data in the DSS Industrial Security Facilities Database (ISFD... of the Secretary Proposed Collection; Comment Request AGENCY: Defense Security Service, DoD. ACTION...

  6. 77 FR 56825 - Proposed Agency Information Collection

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-14

    ... Information and Regulatory Affairs, Office of Management and Budget, New Executive Office Building, Room 10102... Management and Budget (OMB) for clearance, a proposal for collection of information under the provisions of.... To obtain this information, interviews are conducted for a sample of commercial buildings...

  7. 75 FR 81239 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-27

    ... Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics, Office of the Deputy Under... whether the information shall have practical utility; (b) the accuracy of the agency's estimate of the burden of the proposed information collection; (c) ways to enhance the quality, utility, and clarity of...

  8. 78 FR 20095 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-03

    ... Defense for Acquisition, Technology and Logistics, Department of Defense, DoD. ACTION: Notice. In... Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics announces a proposed public information..., including whether the information shall have practical utility; (b) the accuracy of the agency's estimate of...

  9. 76 FR 54815 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-02

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION Proposed Collection; Comment Request Upon Written Request, Copies Available From: Securities and... advertisements by rule 482 under the Securities Act of 1933 (17 CFR 230.482). Requiring the inclusion of such...

  10. 48 CFR 315.307 - Proposal revisions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Proposal revisions. 315.307 Section 315.307 Federal Acquisition Regulations System HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES CONTRACTING... factors by the Contracting Officer and Project Officer, with assistance from a cost/price analyst, as...

  11. Review of a Proposed Quarterly Coal Publication

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1981-01-01

    This Review of a Proposed Quartery Coal Publication contains findings and recommendations regarding the content of a new summary Energy Information Administration (EIA) coal and coke publication entitled The Quarterly Coal Review (QCR). It is divided into five sections: results of interviews with selected EIA data users; identification of major functions of the coal and coke industries; analysis of coal and coke data collection activities; evaluation of issues conerning data presentation including recommendations for the content of the proposed QCR; and comparison of the proposed QCR with other EIA publications. Major findings and recommendations are as follows: (1) User interviews indicate a definite need for a compehensive publication that would support analyses and examine economic, supply and demand trends in the coal industry; (2) the organization of the publication should reflect the natural order of activities of the coal and coke industries. Based on an analysis of the industries, these functions are: production, stocks, imports, exports, distribution, and consumption; (3) current EIA coal and coke surveys collect sufficient data to provide a summary of the coal and coke industries on a quarterly basis; (4) coal and coke data should be presented separately. Coke data could be presented as an appendix; (5) three geographic aggregations are recommended in the QCR. These are: US total, coal producing districts, and state; (6) coal consumption data should be consolidated into four major consumer categories: electric utilities, coke plants, other industrial, and residential commercial; (7) several EIA publications could be eliminated by the proposed QCR.

  12. 75 FR 69128 - Proposed Collection, Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-10

    ... produce data on green goods and services businesses' employment as tasked by the 2010 Congressional... with the output of green goods and services at U.S. business establishments to meet the requirement... ``Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages Green Goods and Services Survey.'' A copy of the proposed...

  13. 76 FR 8984 - Proposed Flood Elevation Determinations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-16

    ... Environmental Policy Act. This proposed rule is categorically excluded from the requirements of 44 CFR part 10, Environmental Consideration. An environmental impact assessment has not been prepared. Regulatory Flexibility... intersection of Mill Street and Thane Road. Jordan Creek Approximately 1,080 None 25 City and Borough of feet...

  14. 78 FR 57622 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-19

    ... proposed information collection; (c) ways to enhance the quality, utility, and clarity of the information... they are received without change, including any personal identifiers or contact information. FOR... of cases and to develop non-personal statistical data on crime and criminal investigative support for...

  15. 75 FR 15421 - Proposed Agency Information Collection

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-29

    ... March 23, 2009. John Ferrell, Biomass Program Manager, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Proposed Agency Information Collection AGENCY: U.S. Department of Energy. ACTION: Notice and request for...

  16. 77 FR 4277 - Proposed Data Sharing Activity

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-27

    ... the Department of Commerce proposes to share business data for statistical purposes. More specifically... business data for statistical purposes with the BLS. Section 524(d) of CIPSEA requires public notice of the... agencies advocated an increase of business data sharing among Federal statistical agencies. Moreover...

  17. To: Thomas Jefferson. Re: Your Proposal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deyoe-Chiullan, Rita M.

    1993-01-01

    A tongue-in-check response claimed to be from the prime minister of England to Thomas Jefferson regarding the "Declaration of Independence." Claims that the declaration fails to meet recently adopted specifications for proposals to the Crown and lacks a line-item budget, citations from recent literature, and measurable goals. (MLF)

  18. Chronostratigraphy and geochronology: A proposed realignment

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zalasiewicz, J.; Cita, M.B.; Hilgen, F.; Pratt, B.R.; Strasser, A.; Thierry, J.; Weissert, H.

    2013-01-01

    We propose a realignment of the terms geochronology and chronostratigraphy that brings them broadly into line with current use, while simultaneously resolving the debate over whether the Geological Time Scale should have a “single” or “dual” hierarchy of units: Both parallel sets of units are

  19. 77 FR 19275 - Proposed Agency Information Collection

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-30

    ... the use of automated collection techniques or other forms of information technology. The proposed collection would involve information for a scorecard that would assist DOE's Clean Cities Coalitions and... Scorecard; (3) Type of Request: New; (4) Purpose: DOE's Clean Cities initiative has developed a voluntary...

  20. Personality disorder types proposed for DSM-5

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Skodol, A.E.; Bender, D.S.; Morey, L.C.; Clark, L.A.; Oldham, J.M.; Alarcon, R.D.; Krueger, R.F.; Verheul, R.; Bell, C.C.; Siever, L.J.

    2011-01-01

    The Personality and Personality Disorders Work Group has proposed five specific personality disorder (PD) types for DSM-5, to be rated on a dimension of fit: antisocial/psychopathic, avoidant, borderline, obsessive-compulsive, and schizotypal. Each type is identified by core impairments in

  1. 78 FR 9036 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-07

    ... of the Secretary Proposed Collection; Comment Request AGENCY: United States of America Vietnam War... instruments, please write to The United States of America Vietnam War Commemoration, Attn: Yvonne Schilz, 1101... Number: Vietnam War Commemoration After-Action Report; DD Form 2957; OMB Number 0704-TBD. Needs and Uses...

  2. 77 FR 2685 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-19

    ... information collection is now widely available and in greater detail on third-party credit card shopping Web... of Review: Revision of a currently approved collection. Affected Public: Credit Card issuers... PROTECTION Proposed Collection; Comment Request AGENCY: Bureau of Consumer Financial Protection. ACTION...

  3. 76 FR 60590 - Environmental Justice; Proposed Circular

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-29

    ... recipients of FTA funds on how to fully engage environmental justice populations in the public transportation... Federal Transit Administration Environmental Justice; Proposed Circular AGENCY: Federal Transit... guidance in the form of a Circular on incorporating environmental justice principles into plans, projects...

  4. Observations on a Montana water quality proposal.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Veil, J. A.; Puder, M. G.

    2006-01-12

    In May 2005, a group of petitioners led by the Northern Plains Resource Council (NPRC) submitted a petition to revise water quality requirements to the Montana Board of Environmental Review (BER). Under Montana law, the BER had to consider the petition and either reject it or propose it as a new regulation. In September 2005, the BER announced proposed changes to the Montana water quality regulations. The proposal, which included almost the exact language found in the petition, was directed toward discharges of water from coal bed natural gas (CBNG) production. The key elements of the proposal included: (1) No discharges of CBNG water are allowed to Montana surface waters unless operators can demonstrate that injection to aquifers with the potential for later recovery of the water is not feasible. (2) When operators can demonstrate the injection is not feasible, the CBNG water to be discharged must meet very strict technology-based limits for multiple parameters. (3) The Montana water quality standards for the sodium adsorption ratio (SAR) and electrical conductivity (EC) would be evaluated using the 7Q10 flow (lowest 7-consecutive-day flow in a 10-year period) rather than a monthly flow that is currently used. (4) SAR and EC would be reclassified as ''harmful parameters'', thereby greatly restricting the ability for CBNG discharges to be allowed under Montana's nondegradation regulations. The proposed regulations, if adopted in their current form, are likely to substantially reduce the amount of CBNG production in Montana. The impact also extends to Wyoming CBNG production through much greater restrictions on water quality that must be met at the interstate border.

  5. 77 FR 3775 - Notice of Availability of the Environmental Assessment for Proposed Federal Building Kansas City, MO

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-25

    ... ADMINISTRATION Notice of Availability of the Environmental Assessment for Proposed Federal Building Kansas City... environmental assessment (EA), that analyzes the environmental impacts of constructing and operating a proposed... the draft EA, including the potential environmental impacts associated with the proposed action...

  6. 77 FR 38060 - Proposed Consent Decree

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-26

    ... EPA Docket Center, EPA West, Room 3334, 1301 Constitution Ave. NW., Washington, DC, between 8:30 a.m... Radiation Law Office (2344A), Office of General Counsel, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, 1200...: American Lung Association and National Parks Conservation Association (Civil Action No. 1:12-cv-00243-RLW...

  7. 78 FR 40186 - Proposed Aggregate Production Quotas for Schedule I and II Controlled Substances and Proposed...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-03

    ... class--schedule I quotas (1-Pentyl-1H-indol-3-yl)(2,2,3,3- 15 g tetramethylcyclopropyl)methanone (UR-144... Trimeperidine 2 g Proposed 2014 Basic class--schedule II quotas 1-Phenylcyclohexylamine 3 g 1... Enforcement Administration Proposed Aggregate Production Quotas for Schedule I and II Controlled Substances...

  8. A Proposed Arabic Handwritten Text Normalization Method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tarik Abu-Ain

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Text normalization is an important technique in document image analysis and recognition. It consists of many preprocessing stages, which include slope correction, text padding, skew correction, and straight the writing line. In this side, text normalization has an important role in many procedures such as text segmentation, feature extraction and characters recognition. In the present article, a new method for text baseline detection, straightening, and slant correction for Arabic handwritten texts is proposed. The method comprises a set of sequential steps: first components segmentation is done followed by components text thinning; then, the direction features of the skeletons are extracted, and the candidate baseline regions are determined. After that, selection of the correct baseline region is done, and finally, the baselines of all components are aligned with the writing line.  The experiments are conducted on IFN/ENIT benchmark Arabic dataset. The results show that the proposed method has a promising and encouraging performance.

  9. Proposal of industrialization process of dredged sediments

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rachid Hadj Sadok

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available Our study will focus on life cycle assessment (LCA of dredged sediments in its environment from sediment extraction to waste treatment. This tool is part of an environmental management approach, to compare the environmental loads of the different stages of the life cycle of the same product and to deduce which stage of the scenario is the most polluting in environmental terms. Optimize the modeling of industrialization process of dredged sediments using the SimaPro 8.2.3 software to propose a model that is the most respectful of the environment. We will focus on the environmental impacts; we will try to propose the most environmentally friendly scenario to exploit these dredged sediments in the field of building construction.

  10. International veterinary epilepsy task force consensus proposal

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    De Risio, Luisa; Bhatti, Sofie; Muñana, Karen

    2015-01-01

    This article outlines the consensus proposal on diagnosis of epilepsy in dogs by the International Veterinary Epilepsy Task Force. The aim of this consensus proposal is to improve consistency in the diagnosis of epilepsy in the clinical and research settings. The diagnostic approach to the patient...... paroxysmal events can be challenging. Criteria that can be used to make this differentiation are presented in detail and discussed. Criteria for the diagnosis of idiopathic epilepsy (IE) are described in a three-tier system. Tier I confidence level for the diagnosis of IE is based on a history of two or more...... for the diagnosis of IE is based on the factors listed in tier I and unremarkable fasting and post-prandial bile acids, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the brain (based on an epilepsy-specific brain MRI protocol) and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) analysis. Tier III confidence level for the diagnosis of IE is based...

  11. METHODOLOGICAL PROPOSAL FOR CONTAMINATED SOIL RECOVERY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Antonio Fabelo Falcón

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The contamination of soils, by different substances and / or products is becoming more extensive throughout the world, its determination, minimization and treatment to reach the recovery of them is a necessity, even though it is not granted the level of importance required by the countries concerned. The objective of this work is to propose a methodology for the recovery of soils with a high degree of efficiency and effectiveness in the selection of procedures, regardless of the types of pollutants and land use once recovered. The methodological proposal involves the stages of diagnosis, characterization, selection of the technology and its technical and economic validation at the laboratory and pilot plant level. Subsequently, the technology of the treatment is designed, along with the elaboration of an objective study of each particular case and an essential economic and technical feasibility analysis for the different scales of the development of the technological process.

  12. Antiviral Drug Research Proposal Activity †

    Science.gov (United States)

    Injaian, Lisa; Smith, Ann C.; Shipley, Jennifer German; Marbach-Ad, Gili; Fredericksen, Brenda

    2011-01-01

    The development of antiviral drugs provides an excellent example of how basic and clinical research must be used together in order to achieve the final goal of treating disease. A Research Oriented Learning Activity was designed to help students to better understand how basic and clinical research can be combined toward a common goal. Through this project students gained a better understanding of the process of scientific research and increased their information literacy in the field of virology. The students worked as teams to research the many aspects involved in the antiviral drug design process, with each student becoming an “expert” in one aspect of the project. The Antiviral Drug Research Proposal (ADRP) culminated with students presenting their proposals to their peers and local virologists in a poster session. Assessment data showed increased student awareness and knowledge of the research process and the steps involved in the development of antiviral drugs as a result of this activity. PMID:23653735

  13. 21 st century workflow: A proposal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jeffrey L Fine

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Digital pathology is rapidly developing, but early systems have been slow to gain traction outside of niche applications such as: Second-opinion telepathology, immunostain interpretation, and intraoperative telepathology. Pathologists have not yet developed a well-articulated plan for effectively utilizing digital imaging technology in their work. This paper outlines a proposal that is intended to begin meaningful progress toward achieving helpful computer-assisted pathology sign-out systems, such as pathologists′ computer-assisted diagnosis (pCAD. pCAD is presented as a hypothetical intelligent computer system that would integrate advanced image analysis and better utilization of existing digital pathology data from lab information systems. A detailed example of automated digital pathology is presented, as an automated breast cancer lymph node sign-out. This proposal provides stakeholders with a conceptual framework that can be used to facilitate development work, communication, and identification of new automation strategies.

  14. Failure of a proposed superluminal scheme

    Science.gov (United States)

    Furuya, K.; Milonni, P. W.; Steinberg, A. M.; Wolinsky, M.

    1999-02-01

    We consider a “superluminal quantum Morse telegraph”, recently proposed by Garuccio, involving a polarization-correlated photon pair and a Michelson interferometer in which one of the mirrors is replaced by a phase-conjugating mirror (PCM). Superluminal information transfer in this scheme is precluded by the impossibility of distinguishing between unpolarized photons prepared by mixing linear polarization states or by mixing circular polarization states.

  15. Parking goes mobile: a research proposal

    OpenAIRE

    Ferreira, Sara; Batista, João; Silva, Telmo Eduardo Miranda Castelão da

    2014-01-01

    This paper presents a research proposal to study the process to create a mobile application considering important restrictions on the development schedule and on the team size. The objective of the application is to help citizens to find parking spots in urban context. A theoretical framework is presented, based on several dimensions, such as the software development approach, the different mobile application’s types and its implications, the specific design issues for mo...

  16. Child-Labor Proposal Eyes Private Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cech, Scott J.

    2007-01-01

    Proposed child-labor-rule changes--the most ambitious in 30 years--would carve out a permanent exemption to U.S. Department of Labor regulations for the work-study program run by a national network of Roman Catholic high schools. The program is a requirement of the Chicago-based Cristo Rey Network, which now has 12 high schools around the country…

  17. Intercultural Education and Migration: Educational Proposals

    OpenAIRE

    Pedro Ortega Ruiz; Eduardo Romero Sánchez

    2011-01-01

    This paper tackles the difficult problem that immigration poses for developed Western European societies and the need of a new model of intercultural education which puts the emphasis of educational activity not so much on “intellectual understanding” as on the acceptance and welcoming of the person who is different, on account of his/her culture or ethnic group. Educational proposals are put forward that are materialized in a change of the intercultural education model, the involvement of th...

  18. LHC main dipoles proposed baseline current ramping

    OpenAIRE

    Bottura, L; Burla, P; Wolf, R

    1998-01-01

    Several studies performed from 1994 to 1996 including some in the framework of the Dynamic Effects Working Group, have shown that the magnitude of the magnetic field imperfections generated in the LHC main dipoles depends partly on the shape of the magnetic field ramp. A current ramp optimisation has been carried out with several combinations of mathematical functions. The result of this study is t he proposed baseline current ramp. The graphic representation of this ramp is included in this ...

  19. A proposed HTTP service based IDS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohamed M. Abd-Eldayem

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The tremendous growth of the web-based applications has increased information security vulnerabilities over the Internet. Security administrators use Intrusion-Detection System (IDS to monitor network traffic and host activities to detect attacks against hosts and network resources. In this paper IDS based on Naïve Bayes classifier is analyzed. The main objective is to enhance IDS performance through preparing the training data set allowing to detect malicious connections that exploit the http service. Results of application are demonstrated and discussed. In the training phase of the proposed IDS, at first a feature selection technique based on Naïve Bayes classifier is used, this technique identifies the most important HTTP traffic features that can be used to detect HTTP attacks. In the testing and running phases proposed IDS classifies the network traffic based on the requested service, then based on the selected features Naïve Bayes classifier is used to analyze the HTTP service based traffic and identifies the HTTP normal connections and attacks. The performance of the IDS is measured through experiments using NSL-KDD data set. The results show that the detection rate of the IDS is about 99%, the false-positive rate is about 1%, and the false-negative rate is about 0.25%; therefore, proposed IDS holds the highest detection rate and the lowest false alarm compared with other leading IDS. In addition, the proposed IDS based on Naïve Bayes is used to classify network connections as a normal or attack. And it holds a high detection rate and a low false alarm.

  20. Accepted Common Interest Community (CIC) Proposals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-01-01

    These are the 18 accepted proposals for the three Common Interest Community (CIC) sessions at IAYT's Symposium on Yoga Therapy and Research (SYTAR), June 5-8, 2014, in Austin, Texas and published in the Final Program Guide and CIC Works for SYTAR 2014. The sessions were CIC#1 Rehab Professionals: Bridging the Past with the Future and CIC#2a & CIC#2b Mental, Emotional and Spiritual Health.

  1. Chronostratigraphy and geochronology: a proposed realignment

    OpenAIRE

    Zalasiewicz, Jan; Cita, Maria Bianca; Hilgen, Frits; Pratt, Brian R.; Strasser, André; Thierry, Jacques; Weissert, Helmut

    2013-01-01

    We propose a realignment of the terms geochronology and chronostratigraphy that brings them broadly into line with current use, while simultaneously resolving the debate over whether the Geological Time Scale should have a “single” or “dual” hierarchy of units: Both parallel sets of units are retained, although there remains the option to adopt either a single (i.e., geochronological) or a dual hierarchy in particular studies, as considered appropri-ate. Thus, geochronology expresses the timi...

  2. N Springs expedited response action proposal

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1994-01-01

    Since signing the Hanford Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order (Tri-Party Agreement) in 1989, the parties to the agreement have recognized the need to modify the approach to conducting investigations, studies, and cleanup actions at Hanford. To implement this approach, the parties have jointly developed the Hanford Past-Practice Strategy. The strategy defines a non-time-critical expedited response action (ERA) as a response action ``needed to abate a threat to human health or welfare or the environment where sufficient time exists for formal planning prior to initiation of response. In accordance with the past-practice strategy, DOE proposes to conduct an ERA at the N Springs, located in the Hanford 100 N Area, to substantially reduce the strontium-90 transport into the river through the groundwater pathway. The purpose of this ERA proposal is to provide sufficient information to select a preferred alternative at N Springs. The nature of an ERA requires that alternatives developed for the ERA be field ready; therefore, all the technologies proposed for the ERA should be capable of addressing the circumstances at N Springs. A comparison of these alternatives is made based on protectiveness, cost, technical feasibility, and institutional considerations to arrive at a preferred alternative. Following the selection of an alternative, a design phase will be conducted; the design phase will include a detailed look at design parameters, performance specifications, and costs of the selected alternative. Testing will be conducted as required to generate design data.

  3. The challenges facing ethnographic design research: A proposed methodological solution

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cash, Philip; Hicks, Ben; Culley, Steve

    2009-01-01

    Central to improving and maintaining high levels of performance in emerging ethnographic design research is a fundamental requirement to address some of the problems associated with the subject. In particular seven core issues are identified and include the complexity of test development, variabi......Central to improving and maintaining high levels of performance in emerging ethnographic design research is a fundamental requirement to address some of the problems associated with the subject. In particular seven core issues are identified and include the complexity of test development...... of the dataset and the stratification of the research context. The paper then examines the fundamental requirements of this scheme and how these relate to a Design Observatory approach. Following this, the proposed solution is related back to the initial problem set and potential issues are discussed. Finally...

  4. A proposal for financing health care of the elderly.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-12-26

    The American Medical Association House of Delegates has adopted a proposal for financing health care of the elderly, developed by the Board of Trustees, the Council on Medical Service, and the Council on Legislation. The proposal would replace the present Medicare program with a system of vouchers to older persons to purchase private health insurance policies or plans providing specified adequate benefits including catastrophic coverage. Vouchers would be financed by a new tax on adjusted gross income during working years that would replace the present employee health insurance payroll tax, and by continuation of the employer health insurance payroll tax. Tax rates would be at a level sufficient both to meet obligations to current Medicare beneficiaries and, over a 30-year period, to achieve prefunding of benefits. All tax contributions after that date would be preserved for the future use of those taxed, and could be invested during earning years, rather than being paid out immediately for present beneficiaries. The proposal would place health care for the elderly on a fiscally sound basis, provide increased cost sharing for those who are financially well off, and provide the protection against catastrophic health care expense lacking under the current Medicare program.

  5. 77 FR 32441 - Proposed Legal Interpretation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-01

    ... Independence Avenue SW., Washington, DC 20591; telephone: 202-267- 3073. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: On May 12, 2010, the FAA received a request for a legal interpretation from the Independent Pilots Association...

  6. 77 FR 43067 - Proposed Agency Information Collection

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-23

    ... is Office of Electricity, Coal, Nuclear, and Renewables Analysis, EI-34, Forrestal Building, U.S...: The current Form GC-859 redesign effort and associated changes has several fundamental goals and...

  7. 78 FR 25061 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-29

    ... change, including any personal identifiers or contact information. Any associated form(s) for this... success and will provide insights and recommendations for potential changes to address obstacles in the...

  8. 77 FR 19683 - Proposed Information Collection; Land-Based Wind Energy Guidelines

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-02

    ... with wind turbines and associated infrastructure; loss and degradation of habitat from turbines and... designs usually include a single turbine associated with existing development, conducting a Tier 1 or Tier... Fish and Wildlife Service Proposed Information Collection; Land-Based Wind Energy Guidelines AGENCY...

  9. A summary of the California Public Utilities Commission`s two competing electric utility restructuring proposals

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Porter, K

    1995-11-01

    In May 1995, the California Public Utilities Commission (CPUC) released two proposals for restructuring the state`s electric power industry. The two proposals follow more than a year of testimony and public comment after the CPUC issued the ``Blue Book`` (CPUC 1994a) on April 20, 1994, which called for retail wheeling to be phased in to all customers over 5 years. The majority proposal, supported by three of the four CPUC commissioners (one seat was vacant when the proposals were released), calls for creating a central pool, or ``poolco``; setting electric prices to reflect true costs of service, or ``real-time pricing``; and allowing parties to negotiate ``contracts for differences`` between the pool price and the contract price. The minority proposal, sponsored by Commissioner Jesse Knight, calls for retail wheeling, or ``direct access,`` and for utilities to divest or spin off their generating assets. This paper presents a summary of the major provisions of the two CPUC proposals and the possible implications and issues associated with each. It is aimed at researchers who may be aware that various efforts to restructure the electric power industry are under way and want to known more about California`s proposals, as well as those who want to known the implications of certain restructuring proposals for renewable energy technologies. Presented at the end of the paper is a summary of alternative proposals promoted by various stakeholder in response to the two CPUC proposals.

  10. SSC/BCD data acquisition system proposal

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Barsotti, E.; Bowden, M.; Swoboda, C. [Fermilab, Batavia, IL (United States)

    1989-04-01

    The proposed new data acquisition system architecture takes event fragments off a detector over fiber optics and to a parallel event building switch. The parallel event building switch concept, taken from the telephone communications industry, along with expected technology improvements in fiber-optic data transmission speeds over the next few years, should allow data acquisition system rates to increase dramatically and exceed those rates needed for the SSC. This report briefly describes the switch architecture and fiber optics for a SSC data acquisition system.

  11. Proposal for a CERN Virtual Visit Service

    CERN Document Server

    AUTHOR|(INSPIRE)INSPIRE-00085461; Hatzifotiadou, Despina; Lapka, Marzena; Petrilli, Achille; Alexopoulos, Angelos; Bressan, Beatrice; Pietrzyk, Bolek; Papanestis, Antonis; Baron, Thomas; Domaracky, Marek; Fernandes, Joao; Lavrut, Loic; Gillies, James; Fichet, Jacques Herve; Noyes, Dan; Catapano, Paola; Landua, Rolf

    2015-01-01

    This note proposes the development of a CERN-wide Virtual Visit Service. Such a service would build upon the experience of the LHC Experiments, CERN DG EDU and DG COM, and the expertise of CERN IT CIS, to develop a world-leading communication and educational programme designed to serve the entire community in an effective and economical manner. Administration and Operation of the service would be modelled on the highly successful CERN Visits and Collaboration Services, and would extend the reach of Education, Outreach, and Communication to audiences around the globe, many of who might not have the opportunity to visit the laboratory in person.

  12. A proposal of an open PET geometry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yamaya, Taiga [Molecular Imaging Center, National Institute of Radiological Sciences, 4-9-1 Anagawa, Inage-ku, Chiba, 263-8555 (Japan); Inaniwa, Taku [Research Center for Charged Particle Therapy, National Institute of Radiological Sciences, 4-9-1 Anagawa, Inage-ku, Chiba 263-8555 (Japan); Minohara, Shinichi [Research Center for Charged Particle Therapy, National Institute of Radiological Sciences, 4-9-1 Anagawa, Inage-ku, Chiba 263-8555 (Japan); Yoshida, Eiji [Molecular Imaging Center, National Institute of Radiological Sciences, 4-9-1 Anagawa, Inage-ku, Chiba, 263-8555 (Japan); Inadama, Naoko [Molecular Imaging Center, National Institute of Radiological Sciences, 4-9-1 Anagawa, Inage-ku, Chiba, 263-8555 (Japan); Nishikido, Fumihiko [Molecular Imaging Center, National Institute of Radiological Sciences, 4-9-1 Anagawa, Inage-ku, Chiba, 263-8555 (Japan); Shibuya, Kengo [Molecular Imaging Center, National Institute of Radiological Sciences, 4-9-1 Anagawa, Inage-ku, Chiba, 263-8555 (Japan); Lam, Chih Fung [Molecular Imaging Center, National Institute of Radiological Sciences, 4-9-1 Anagawa, Inage-ku, Chiba, 263-8555 (Japan); Murayama, Hideo [Molecular Imaging Center, National Institute of Radiological Sciences, 4-9-1 Anagawa, Inage-ku, Chiba, 263-8555 (Japan)

    2008-02-07

    The long patient port of a PET scanner tends to put stress on patients, especially patients with claustrophobia. It also prevents doctors and technicians from taking care of patients during scanning. In this paper, we proposed an 'open PET' geometry, which consists of two axially separated detector rings. A long and continuous field-of-view (FOV) including a 360 deg. opened gap between two detector rings can be imaged enabling a fully 3D image reconstruction of all the possible lines-of-response. The open PET will become practical if iterative image reconstruction methods are applied even though image reconstruction of the open PET is analytically an incomplete problem. First we implemented a 'masked' 3D ordered subset expectation maximization (OS-EM) in which the system matrix was obtained from a long 'gapless' scanner by applying a mask to detectors corresponding to the open space. Next, in order to evaluate imaging performance of the proposed open PET geometry, we simulated a dual HR+ scanner (ring diameter of D = 827 mm, axial length of W = 154 mm x 2) separated by a variable gap. The gap W was the maximum limit to have axially continuous FOV of 3W though the maximum diameter of FOV at the central slice was limited to D/2. Artifacts, observed on both sides of the open space when the gap exceeded W, were effectively reduced by inserting detectors partially into unnecessary open spaces. We also tested the open PET geometry using experimental data obtained by the jPET-D4. The jPET-D4 is a prototype brain scanner, which has 5 rings of 24 detector blocks. We simulated the open jPET-D4 with a gap of 66 mm by eliminating 1 block-ring from experimental data. Although some artifacts were seen at both ends of the opened gap, very similar images were obtained with and without the gap. The proposed open PET geometry is expected to lead to realization of in-beam PET, which is a method for an in situ monitoring of charged particle therapy, by

  13. International veterinary epilepsy task force consensus proposal

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Potschka, Heidrun; Fischer, Andrea; Löscher, Wolfgang

    2015-01-01

    Common criteria for the diagnosis of drug resistance and the assessment of outcome are needed urgently as a prerequisite for standardized evaluation and reporting of individual therapeutic responses in canine epilepsy. Thus, we provide a proposal for the definition of drug resistance and partial...... therapeutic success in canine patients with epilepsy. This consensus statement also suggests a list of factors and aspects of outcome, which should be considered in addition to the impact on seizures. Moreover, these expert recommendations discuss criteria which determine the validity and informative value...

  14. Intercultural health: proposals, actions and failures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Menéndez, Eduardo Luiz

    2016-01-01

    During the 1980s, 1990s and early 2000s,various intercultural health proposals and actions emerged in most Latin American countries. These initiatives aimed to integrate biomedicine with traditional medicine based on 'parallel' relationships, as opposed relationships based on exclusion, subordination and hegemony. These initiatives had two basic objectives:1) to contribute to the cultural rehabilitation of ethnic groups that made effective use of traditional medicine; and 2) to improve the quality of relationships between health professionals and indigenous patients. This paper analyzes the reasons for the limited impact and, in some cases, failure of such intercultural health initiatives.

  15. Consultation etiquette: a proposed set of guidelines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rogers, Arvey I

    2010-07-01

    Too often, actions and decisions affecting patient care are determined by expediency, cost-effectiveness, and time constraints. At risk of sacrifice are ethics and professionalism, pillars essential to the very structure of medical practice. In particular, there appears to be an erosion of consultation etiquette-exchanges between physicians and patients as well as among physicians. While methods to maximize efficiency are essential to medical practice, they should not come at the expense of etiquette. To improve patient care and strengthen relationships between patients and physicians, as well as relationships between referring and consulting physicians, a set of guidelines for improving consultation etiquette is proposed.

  16. A Mathematical Formalization Proposal for Business Growth

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gheorghe BAILESTEANU

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Economic sciences have known a spectacular evolution in the last century; beginning to use axiomatic methods, applying mathematical instruments as a decision-making tool. The quest to formalization needs to be addressed from various different angles, reducing entry and operating formal costs, increasing the incentives for firms to operate formally, reducing obstacles to their growth, and searching for inexpensive approaches through which to enforce compliancy with government regulations. This paper proposes a formalized approach to business growth, based on mathematics and logics, taking into consideration the particularities of the economic sector.

  17. Media Accountability Systems: Models, proposals and outlooks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando O. Paulino

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyzes one of the basic actions of SOS-Imprensa, the mechanism to assure Media Accountability with the goal of proposing a synthesis of models for the Brazilian reality. The article aims to address the possibilities of creating and improving mechanisms to stimulate the democratic press process and to mark out and assure freedom of speech and personal rights with respect to the media. Based on the Press Social Responsibility Theory, the hypothesis is that the experiences analyzed (Communication Council, Press Council, Ombudsman and Readers Council are alternatives for accountability, mediation and arbitration, seeking visibility, trust and public support in favor of fairer media.

  18. A library of 7TM receptor C-terminal tails. Interactions with the proposed post-endocytic sorting proteins ERM-binding phosphoprotein 50 (EBP50), N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor (NSF), sorting nexin 1 (SNX1), and G protein-coupled receptor-associated sorting protein (GASP)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Heydorn, Arne; Søndergaard, Birgitte P; Ersbøll, Bjarne

    2004-01-01

    Adaptor and scaffolding proteins determine the cellular targeting, the spatial, and thereby the functional association of G protein-coupled seven-transmembrane receptors with co-receptors, transducers, and downstream effectors and the adaptors determine post-signaling events such as receptor...... sequestration through interactions, mainly with the C-terminal intracellular tails of the receptors. A library of tails from 59 representative members of the super family of seven-transmembrane receptors was probed as glutathione S-transferase fusion proteins for interactions with four different adaptor...... that the tail library provides useful information on the general importance of certain adaptor proteins, for example, in this case, ruling out EBP50 as being a broad spectrum-recycling adaptor....

  19. 76 FR 57715 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; Fisheries in the Western Pacific; Proposed...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-16

    ... in the Western Pacific; Proposed Information Collection; Seabird-Fisheries Interaction Recovery... of Review: Regular submission (extension of a currently approved collection). Affected Public... of automated collection techniques or other forms of information technology. Comments submitted in...

  20. [What is a "poison"? Proposal of definition].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guitart, Raimon; Giménez, Nuria

    2012-02-18

    We discuss different interpretations of the term poison as well as the need of bringing up to date the changes in this matter according to the science progress. A clear and exact definition is proposed after analysing the factors that affect the relativity of the concept and its boundaries. The proposal for a definition is presented taking into account the most broadly extended concepts concerning its significance. That is to say: "a poison is, for human beings and their non-pathogenic and non-harmful biological environment, an electromagnetic or corpuscular radiation, or a non-infectious chemical agent, structured no larger in size than a small particle or fibre that, after being generated internally or after contact, penetration and/or absorption by a live organism, in sufficiently high dose, can produce or produces a direct or indirect adverse effect unrelated to its temperature or measurable electrical potential difference". The scientific knowledge needs accurate definitions to avoid ambiguities. Copyright © 2010 Elsevier España, S.L. All rights reserved.

  1. Proposing a Health Humanities Minor: Some Lessons.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Engholm, Virginia Bucurel; Boria, Damon

    2017-12-01

    For those interested in developing baccalaureate programs in health humanities, this essay draws on our experience of developing a minor in health humanities to share insights on what to expect, strategies that work well, and how to deal with obstacles. These insights range from how to explain the concept of health humanities to stakeholders (faculty, administrators, and community partners) to how to decide where to house a health humanities program. We share our insights in a way that promises to translate well to different institutional contexts. That said, this paper is more relevant for institutional contexts where budgets are stressed and, consequently, proposals to invest in humanities programs are a difficult sell. This paper is divided into sections addressing how to (a) earn institutional support, (b) gain campus buy-in, (c) identify benefits of the proposed program, (d) decide where to house the program, (e) calculate program cost, and (f) secure external funding. We conclude with some final reflections on the current status of our program and why we are committed to health humanities education.

  2. Proposal for a High Energy Nuclear Database

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brown, David A.; Vogt, Ramona

    2005-03-31

    We propose to develop a high-energy heavy-ion experimental database and make it accessible to the scientific community through an on-line interface. This database will be searchable and cross-indexed with relevant publications, including published detector descriptions. Since this database will be a community resource, it requires the high-energy nuclear physics community's financial and manpower support. This database should eventually contain all published data from Bevalac and AGS to RHIC to CERN-LHC energies, proton-proton to nucleus-nucleus collisions as well as other relevant systems, and all measured observables. Such a database would have tremendous scientific payoff as it makes systematic studies easier and allows simpler benchmarking of theoretical models to a broad range of old and new experiments. Furthermore, there is a growing need for compilations of high-energy nuclear data for applications including stockpile stewardship, technology development for inertial confinement fusion and target and source development for upcoming facilities such as the Next Linear Collider. To enhance the utility of this database, we propose periodically performing evaluations of the data and summarizing the results in topical reviews.

  3. Proposal to upgrade the MIPP experiment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Isenhower, D.; Sadler, M.; Towell, R.; Watson, S. [Abilene Christian Univ., TX (United States); Peterson, R. J. [Univ. of Colorado, Boulder, CO (United States); Baker, W.; Carey, D.; Christian, D.; Demarteau, M.; Jensen, D.; Johnstone, C.; Meyer, H.; Raja, R.; Ronzhin, A.; Solomey, N.; Wester, W. [Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States); Gutbrod, H.; Peters, K. [GSI-Darmstadt (Germany); Feldman, G. [Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA (United States); Torun, Y. [Illinois Inst. of Technology, Chicago, IL (United States); Messier, M. D.; Paley, J. [Indiana Univ., Bloomington, IN (United States)

    2006-09-01

    The upgraded MIPP physics results are needed for the support of NuMI projects, atmospheric cosmic ray and neutrino programs worldwide and will permit a systematic study of non-perturbative QCD interactions. The MIPP TPC is the largest contributor to the MIPP event size by far. Its readout system and electronics were designed in the 1990's and limit it to a readout rate of 60 Hz in simple events and {approx} 20 Hz in complicated events. With the readout chips designed for the ALICE collaboration at the LHC, we propose a low cost scheme of upgrading the MIPP data acquisition speed to 3000 Hz. This will also enable us to measure the medium energy numi target to be used for the NOvA/MINERvA experiments. We outline the capabilities of the upgraded MIPP detector to obtain high statistics particle production data on a number of nuclei that will help towards the understanding and simulation of hadronic showers in matter. Measurements of nitrogen cross sections will permit a better understanding of cosmic ray shower systematics in the atmosphere. In addition, we explore the possibilities of providing tagged neutral beams using the MIPP spectrometer that may be crucial for validating the Particle Flow Algorithm proposed for calorimeters for the International Linear Collider detectors. Lastly, we outline the physics potential of such a detector in understanding non-perturbative QCD processes.

  4. Bipartisan proposal calls for SGR repeal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robbins RA

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available No abstract available. Article truncated at 150 words. The Washington Post (11/1, Carey reports a bipartisan group of legislators has agreed on a framework replacing the “problematic” Medicare payment formula in an attempt to end the annual Sustainable Growth Rate (SGR or “doc fix” debate. The current system is set to reduce Medicare physician payments by approximately 25% on Jan. 1 without Congressional intervention. Senate Finance Committee Chairman Max Baucus (D-MT and House Ways and Means Committee Chairman Dave Camp (R-MI introduced a draft proposal that would “encourage care management services for individuals with complex chronic care needs through the development of new payment codes for such services, as well as leverage physician-developed standard of care guidelines to avoid the unnecessary provision of services”. The Committees value your feedback on this proposal. Please submit written comments to the Finance SGR comments mailbox at sgrcomments@finance.senate.gov and the Ways & Means SGR comments mailbox at sgrwhitepaper@mail.house.gov by Tuesday, November 12, …

  5. Personality disorder types proposed for DSM-5.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skodol, Andrew E; Bender, Donna S; Morey, Leslie C; Clark, Lee Anna; Oldham, John M; Alarcon, Renato D; Krueger, Robert F; Verheul, Roel; Bell, Carl C; Siever, Larry J

    2011-04-01

    The Personality and Personality Disorders Work Group has proposed five specific personality disorder (PD) types for DSM-5, to be rated on a dimension of fit: antisocial/psychopathic, avoidant, borderline, obsessive-compulsive, and schizotypal. Each type is identified by core impairments in personality functioning, pathological personality traits, and common symptomatic behaviors. The other DSM-IV-TR PDs and the large residual category of personality disorder not otherwise specified (PDNOS) will be represented solely by the core impairments combined with specification by individuals' unique sets of personality traits. This proposal has three main features: (1) a reduction in the number of specified types from 10 to 5; (2) description of the types in a narrative format that combines typical deficits in self and interpersonal functioning and particular configurations of traits and behaviors; and (3) a dimensional rating of the degree to which a patient matches each type. An explanation of these modifications in approach to diagnosing PD types and their justifications--including excessive co-morbidity among DSM-IV-TR PDs, limited validity for some existing types, lack of specificity in the definition of PD, instability of current PD criteria sets, and arbitrary diagnostic thresholds--are the subjects of this review.

  6. Highly Accurate Sensor for High-Purity Oxygen Determination Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — In this STTR Phase I effort, Los Gatos Research (LGR) and Professor Scott Sanders (Mechanical Engineering Department, University of Wisconsin ? Madison) propose to...

  7. Evaluación crítica del sistema de diagnóstico de la diabetes mellitus, propuesto por la Asociación Americana de Diabetes Critical evaluation of the diagnostic system of diabetes mellitus proposed by the American Diabetes Association

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto M. González Suárez

    2002-08-01

    Full Text Available Se realizó un estudio retrospectivo en 370 sujetos con trastornos de tolerancia a la glucosa, para evaluar la metodología de diagnóstico de la diabetes mellitus tipo 2, que prescinde de la prueba de tolerancia a la glucosa oral (PTG, propuesto por la ADA. Se encontró que la glucemia en ayunas permitió diagnosticar el 27 % de los diabéticos y el 56 % de los sujetos con trastornos de la regulación de la glucemia, que se hubieran diagnosticado siguiendo los criterios de la OMS que incluyen la PTG; la tercera parte de los casos clasificados como normales según la glucemia en ayunas solamente, presentó algún tipo de trastorno de la tolerancia a la glucosa. Se comprobó que los diabéticos detectados mediante la hiperglucemia a la segunda hora de la PTG, presentan niveles superiores de glucosa circulante durante la prueba, evaluados por el área total bajo la curva de glucosa. El patrón de respuesta insulínica de estos casos se caracterizó por una respuesta inicial disminuida que se incrementó hasta alcanzar valores máximos a la segunda hora; la frecuencia de casos con baja respuesta insulínica y/o resistencia a la insulina fue alta. Se concluyó que la glucemia en ayunas, como única prueba, no tiene sensibilidad suficiente para detectar trastornos de la tolerancia a la glucosa y diabetes mellitus y los casos con hiperglucemia posprandial únicamente, y que por ello solo pueden ser detectados por la PTG, presentan trastornos metabólicos importantes que requieren su detección y tratamiento precoz por lo cual es recomendable el uso sistemático de la PTG en el diagnóstico de la diabetes mellitus.A retrospective study was carried out in 370 subjects with glucose tolerance disorders aimed at evaluating the methodology for diagnosing type 2 diabetes mellitus that leaves out the oral glucose tolerance test (GTT proposed by the ADA, It was found that fasting glycaemia allowed to diagnose 27 % of the diabetics and 56 % of the individuals

  8. 77 FR 31408 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-25

    ... likely to have a material impact on the financial or operational condition of the broker-dealer. Rule 17h... that are associated with the broker-dealer. This requirement extends to the financial and securities... collection of information required by Rules 17h-1T and 17h-2T, collectively referred to as the ``risk...

  9. 78 FR 20900 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-08

    ... Transformation Office (HQ USAF/A4IT), DoD. ACTION: Notice. In compliance with Section 3506(c)(2)(A) of the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, the United States Air Force Logistics Transformation Office announces a... personal identifiers or contact information. Any associated form(s) for this collection may be located...

  10. 75 FR 22633 - Proposed Information Collection

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-29

    ... third comment was submitted by an association of 180 research universities and their affiliated academic... greater than $25,000. Specifically, the prime recipient must report the identity of the vendor by...-recipient. Specifically, the sub-recipient must report, for any payments greater than $25,000, the identity...

  11. 75 FR 47552 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-06

    ... combat stigma related to mental illness. We plan to send letters to anti-stigma groups asking them to... necessary to identify effective efforts to reduce patient stigma associated with obtaining mental health... Psychological Health and Traumatic Brain Injury Anti- Stigma Survey; OMB Control Number 0720-TBD. Needs and Uses...

  12. Project proposal:

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Katajainen, Jyrki

    2007-01-01

    The Standard Template Library (STL) is a collection of generic algorithms and data structures that is part of the standard run-time environment of the C++ programming language. The STL provides four kinds of associative element containers: set, multiset, map, and multimap. In this project the goal...

  13. 78 FR 26757 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-08

    ... the Air Force/673 Civil Engineer Natural Cultural Resources and Planning Section, DoD. ACTION: Notice. In compliance with Section 3506(c)(2)(A) of the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, the 673 Civil... Civil Engineer Natural Cultural Resources and Planning section, at 907-552- 8609. Title; Associated Form...

  14. 78 FR 28810 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-16

    ... available for public viewing on the Internet at http://www.regulations.gov as they are received without...; Associated Form; and OMB Number: Victim/Witness Feedback Request; OMB Number 0701-TBD. Needs And Uses: The... relating to their training experiences. Requesting and receiving direct feedback from this group would be...

  15. 75 FR 14577 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-26

    ..., utility and clarity of the information to be collected; and (d) ways to minimize the burden of the... http://www.regulations.gov as they are received without change, including any personal identifiers or.... Clayton Stokley at (317) 510-8882. Title, Associated Form, and OMB Number: Personal Check Cashing...

  16. 77 FR 71403 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-30

    ... Research (DoD/USAF/AFOSR), Department of the Air Force, Department of Defense. ACTION: Notice. In... Research, ATTN: AFOSR/RSPE, 875 North Randolph Street, Suite 325, Room 3112, Arlington, VA 22203-1768, or AFOSR/IO, at 703-696-7316. Title; Associated Form; and OMB Number: Summer Faculty Fellowship Program...

  17. Bioterrorism Preparedness for Infectious Disease Proposal

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-01-01

    several pharmaceutical sponsored HPV vaccine studies. In her capacity as Associate Clinical Director of the RCMI HIV Immunology and Vaccine Core...successful HIV vaccine would have to confer protection against the virus not only against intravenous viral transmission but transmission that occurs...tremendous HIV vaccine expertise of this site will allow intellectual cross - fertilization in efforts to identify potential candidate vaccines

  18. Proposal for the Formalization of Dialectical Logic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Luis Usó-Doménech

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Classical logic is typically concerned with abstract analysis. The problem for a synthetic logic is to transcend and unify available data to reconstruct the object as a totality. Three rules are proposed to pass from classic logic to synthetic logic. We present the category logic of qualitative opposition using examples from various sciences. This logic has been defined to include the neuter as part of qualitative opposition. The application of these rules to qualitative opposition, and, in particular, its neuter, demonstrated that a synthetic logic allows the truth of some contradictions. This synthetic logic is dialectical with a multi-valued logic, which gives every proposition a truth value in the interval [0,1] that is the square of the modulus of a complex number. In this dialectical logic, contradictions of the neuter of an opposition may be true.

  19. TEACHING ADMINISTRATION: PROPOSAL OF THE PROGRAM CONTENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo Ribeiro Rodrigues

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available The National Curriculum Guidelines established by MEC (Brazilian Ministry of Education, define the specific areas of vocational training content that should be included in the curricular organization of undergraduate courses in Brazil, without suggesting or detailing which content should be offered in each area. In this sense, this study aims at proposing the course syllabus for the financial area for the undergraduate courses of Management. To achieve this goal, the curriculum matrices and the teaching plans of the financial discipline of the undergraduate courses on Management with the highest grades in ENADE were analyzed. Based on this survey, seven disciplines were elaborated with the professional qualification contents of the area, with 560 hours/class in total, distributed in the curriculum matrix, according to their goals: presentation of corporate finance and personal finance, short and long-term financial decisions, financial economic analysis, financial planning, and financial strategies.

  20. Requests for proposals for library automation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bolef, D; Gardner, T

    1988-01-01

    Many health sciences libraries are now considering integrated automated systems for an investment of several hundred thousand dollars. The request for proposals (RFPs) is the usual method of selecting candidate vendors for close inspection of promising systems. This paper draws upon the experience of the Library of Rush University and that of twelve other health sciences libraries. The libraries were interviewed by telephone using a short questionnaire that asked them to compare the RFPs with the systems actually obtained and their experiences in implementing them. The libraries were also asked, with the benefit of hindsight, what would they have done differently. Four vendors were also interviewed by telephone, in order to get their point of view. PMID:3370380