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Sample records for sandalwood santalum album

  1. Biosynthesis of Sandalwood Oil: Santalum album CYP76F cytochromes P450 produce santalols and bergamotol.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diaz-Chavez, Maria L; Moniodis, Jessie; Madilao, Lufiani L; Jancsik, Sharon; Keeling, Christopher I; Barbour, Elizabeth L; Ghisalberti, Emilio L; Plummer, Julie A; Jones, Christopher G; Bohlmann, Jörg

    2013-01-01

    Sandalwood oil is one of the world's most highly prized essential oils, appearing in many high-end perfumes and fragrances. Extracted from the mature heartwood of several Santalum species, sandalwood oil is comprised mainly of sesquiterpene olefins and alcohols. Four sesquiterpenols, α-, β-, and epi-β-santalol and α-exo-bergamotol, make up approximately 90% of the oil of Santalum album. These compounds are the hydroxylated analogues of α-, β-, and epi-β-santalene and α-exo-bergamotene. By mining a transcriptome database of S. album for candidate cytochrome P450 genes, we cloned and characterized cDNAs encoding a small family of ten cytochrome P450-dependent monooxygenases annotated as SaCYP76F37v1, SaCYP76F37v2, SaCYP76F38v1, SaCYP76F38v2, SaCYP76F39v1, SaCYP76F39v2, SaCYP76F40, SaCYP76F41, SaCYP76F42, and SaCYP76F43. Nine of these genes were functionally characterized using in vitro assays and yeast in vivo assays to encode santalene/bergamotene oxidases and bergamotene oxidases. These results provide a foundation for production of sandalwood oil for the fragrance industry by means of metabolic engineering, as demonstrated with proof-of-concept formation of santalols and bergamotol in engineered yeast cells, simultaneously addressing conservation challenges by reducing pressure on supply of sandalwood from native forests.

  2. Biosynthesis of Sandalwood Oil: Santalum album CYP76F cytochromes P450 produce santalols and bergamotol.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria L Diaz-Chavez

    Full Text Available Sandalwood oil is one of the world's most highly prized essential oils, appearing in many high-end perfumes and fragrances. Extracted from the mature heartwood of several Santalum species, sandalwood oil is comprised mainly of sesquiterpene olefins and alcohols. Four sesquiterpenols, α-, β-, and epi-β-santalol and α-exo-bergamotol, make up approximately 90% of the oil of Santalum album. These compounds are the hydroxylated analogues of α-, β-, and epi-β-santalene and α-exo-bergamotene. By mining a transcriptome database of S. album for candidate cytochrome P450 genes, we cloned and characterized cDNAs encoding a small family of ten cytochrome P450-dependent monooxygenases annotated as SaCYP76F37v1, SaCYP76F37v2, SaCYP76F38v1, SaCYP76F38v2, SaCYP76F39v1, SaCYP76F39v2, SaCYP76F40, SaCYP76F41, SaCYP76F42, and SaCYP76F43. Nine of these genes were functionally characterized using in vitro assays and yeast in vivo assays to encode santalene/bergamotene oxidases and bergamotene oxidases. These results provide a foundation for production of sandalwood oil for the fragrance industry by means of metabolic engineering, as demonstrated with proof-of-concept formation of santalols and bergamotol in engineered yeast cells, simultaneously addressing conservation challenges by reducing pressure on supply of sandalwood from native forests.

  3. Sandalwood Album Oil as a Botanical Therapeutic in Dermatology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moy, Ronald L; Levenson, Corey

    2017-10-01

    Many skin conditions and diseases are characterized by inflammation, infection, and hyperplasia. Safe and effective topical treatment options that can be used long-term are needed. Traditional botanical medicines, which are often complex mixtures that exert their biological activities via multiple mechanisms of action, are being studied as potential new active ingredients in dermatology. Sandalwood album oil (SAO), also known as East Indian sandalwood oil (EISO), is an essential oil distilled from the Santalum album tree and has demonstrated biological activity as an anti-inflammatory, anti-microbial, and anti-proliferative agent. Sandalwood album oil has also shown promise in clinical trials for treatment of acne, psoriasis, eczema, common warts, and molluscum contagiosum. The favorable safety profile, ease of topical use, and recent availability of pharmaceutical-grade sandalwood album oil support its broader use as the basis of novel therapies in dermatology.

  4. Short Communication: Antimycotic activity and phytochemical screening of fungal endophytes associated with Santalum album

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ASHWANI TAPWAL

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract. Tapwal A, Pradhan S, Chandra S, Rashmi. 2016. Antimycotic activity and phytochemical screening of fungal endophytes associated with Santalum album. Nusantara Bioscience 8: 14-17. The heartwood of Santalum album constitutes the central part of the tree is valued for its fragrance. The wood and oil are utilized in medicine. Sandalwood oil is extensively used in perfumery, cosmetics, aromatherapy and pharmaceutical industry. The endophytic microorganisms inhabiting the plant tissues are expected to mimic some of the metabolites of its host. This study was aimed to isolate and screen the fungal endophytes inhabiting the Santalum album for antimicrobial activity and for the presence of important phytochemicals. Five fungal endophytes isolated from different parts of S. album have exhibited antimicrobial potential against Fusarium oxysporum in the range of 5.0-40.4%. The isolated endophytic fungi also indicated the presence of alkaloids, phenolics and tannins, flavonoids, carbohydrates and glycosides, terpenoids, amino acids and proteins.

  5. Variasi Cendana (Santalum album Linn. Berdasarkan Morfologi Daun dan Bunga di Desa Petir, Rongkop, Gunungkidul

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ridla Arifriana

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Sandalwood (Santalum album Linn. is one of the flora that are commonly used as rehabilitation species, known as a plant that can grow in a lack of nutrient soil, and has a high economic value of santalol oil. This plant is indigenous in East Nusa Tenggara but it has a natural regenaration in some areas of Gunungkidul Yogyakarta, including in Petir Village, Rongkop, Gunungkidul. Morphological variation of Sandalwood in this area was relatively high. This research aimed to describe and classify sandalwood variations that exist in the research site based on the morphological characters. The materials used in this study were (1 sandalwood as the target species (including generative and vegetative organs with purposive sampling and (2 Ximenia americana as the outgroup species. Data were analyzed using description and phylogeny analysis using maximum parsimony method with morphological markers. Morphological characters of Sandalwoods were varied in size and leave shapes, flowers perigonium, lobes shapes, appendices shapes, stem color, shapes and fruit size. There were two characters that have not been described in the previous sources in Indonesia, form of leaves (oblong and oval and orange color of perigonium. Phylogeny results showed that a small leaf sandalwood character was closer to the outgroup character. Diagnostic characters explicitly classified small leaf size and leaf size large. Size of small leaf was from 2.8 -7.7 cm to 1.1-2.2 cm and from 7.9-10 cm to 3.1-4 cm for large leaf. Leaf form and colour of flower variation was found in each group of leaf size.

  6. RNA-Seq analysis identifies key genes associated with haustorial development in the root hemiparasite Santalum album

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xinhua eZhang

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Santalum album (sandalwood is one of the economically important plant species in the Santalaceae for its production of highly valued perfume oils. Sandalwood is also a hemiparasitic tree that obtains some of its water and simple nutrients by tapping into other plants through haustoria which are highly specialized organs in parasitic angiosperms. However, an understanding of the molecular mechanisms involved in haustorium development is limited. In this study, RNA sequencing (RNA-seq analyses were performed to identify changes in gene expression and metabolic pathways associated with the development of the S. album haustorium. A total of 56,011 non-redundant contigs with a mean contig size of 618 bp were obtained by de novo assembly of the transcriptome of haustoria and non-haustorial seedling roots. A substantial number of the identified differentially expressed genes were involved in cell wall metabolism and protein metabolism, as well as mitochondrial electron transport functions. Phytohormone-mediated regulation might play an important role during haustorial development. Especially, auxin signaling is likely to be essential for haustorial initiation, and genes related to cytokinin and gibberellin biosynthesis and metabolism are involved in haustorial development. Our results suggest that genes encoding nodulin-like proteins may be important for haustorial morphogenesis in S. album. The obtained sequence data will become a rich resource for future research in this interesting species. This information improves our understanding of haustorium development in root hemiparasitic species and will allow further exploration of the detailed molecular mechanisms underlying plant parasitism.

  7. \\. Santalum album L. (sandalwood) is a small evergreen tree that ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    once in late summer and again between October and December, are small and purplish brown. Sandal trees show considerable variation with respect to the shape, size of their leaf and fruit and the extent of heartwood. The heartwood and the essential oil obtained from it are among the oldest known perfumery material and ...

  8. Variation of Chemical Compounds of Sandalwood Oil From Various Provenances in Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Haryjanto, Liliek; Widowati, Titis Budi; Sumardi, Sumardi; Fiani, Ari; Hadiyan, Yayan

    2017-01-01

    The quality of sandalwood (Santalum album Linn) oil primarily depends on the compound of two major sesquiterpenes (α-santalol and β-santalol). The aim of this research was to identify variation of chemical compounds of sandalwood oil from various provenances. Fifty four samples from 8 provenances and one land race taken from 13th years old sandalwood planted at Gunungkidul, Yogyakarta Indonesia. Sandalwood powder were obtained by drilling tree at 10 cm above the ground horizontally. The sampl...

  9. Genetic diversity of Santalum album using random amplified ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    STORAGESEVER

    2009-07-06

    Jul 6, 2009 ... Sandalwood is found distributed all over the country with over 90% of the area in Karnataka and Tamil Nadu. It is of great economic importance because of its fragrant heartwood and oil. In the present study Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA (RAPD) technique was used to accesses the genetic diversity ...

  10. Variasi Kandungan Kimia Minyak Cendana (Santalum Album Linn) dari Berbagai Provenans di Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    haryjanto, liliek; Widowati, Titis Budi; Sumardi, Sumardi; Fiani, Ari; Hadiyan, Yayan

    2017-01-01

    Kualitas minyak cendana (Santalum album Linn) ditentukan oleh adanya 2 kandungan komponen Sesquiterpene, yakni α-santalol dan β-santalol. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui variasi kandungan kimia cendana dari berbagai provenans. Sebanyak 54 sampel dari 8 provenans dan satu ras lahan diambil dari tanaman cendana umur 13 tahun di Hutan Penelitian Watusipat, Gunungkidul, Yogyakarta. Serbuk kayu cendana didapatkan dengan cara mengebor batang cendana setinggi 10 cm di atas permukaan tanah. Se...

  11. Peran Trichoderma reesei E. G Simmons pada Pengendalian Damping-Off Semai Cendana (Santalum Album Linn.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. M. Widyastuti

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available The sandalwood seedling has been planted in the nursery of Balitbang Kehutanan NTT to experience the destruction is about 20%, seedling is attacked by  damping-off. Biological control has been developed as alternate method against soil born diseases to eliminate  damage  on the environment. One of  the biological  agents  having high  antagonistic potential against soil born pathogen is Trichoderma spp. The direction of experiment  to search the cause of lodoh on the sandalwood  seedling and the application influences T. reesei on the control lodoh in the sandalwood seedling. Methods  of  the experiment was (1 isolation the sandalwood seedling of  painful and soil example  from NTT, (2 Postulat Koch test on the sandalwood seedling, (3 antagonistic test of T.  reesei  in vitro and (4 effectiveness  test of T. reesei against developing patogen in vivo. The result indicated that lodoh on the sandalwood seedling caused by Fusarium sp. T. reesei in vitro inhibited Fusarium sp. at average of 100% accordingly. The application of T. reesei as biological control agent against Fusarium sp. showed high  effectivity. The attact percentage of lodoh on sandalwood seedlings showed that the lowest one was growth on compost formulated with T. reesei (5%, whereas seedlings growth on compost without T. reesei,  unsteril  sands and soil samples  from NTT were 30%, 35% and 65%.

  12. PERTUMBUHAN SEMAI CENDANA (Santalum album Linn. PADA BEBERAPA UKURAN KANTUNG PLASTIK DI DAERAH SEMIARID

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    I Komang Surata

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Mortality of sandalwood plantings in the semiarid region is high (less than 50 %, due to poor quality. One of seedling of the alternatives to reduce this mortality is using optimal container size. The method is hoped to increase the growth and survival rate of sandalwood seedlings in the field. The objective of this study was to determine the effects of various sizes of seedling container on growth and to recommend the best polybag size for sandalwood nursery. The study was conducted in Complete Randomized Design method using container size of polybag (wide x length as main treatment i.e.: 7 x 20 cm2, 8 x 20 cm2, 9 x 20 cm, 10 x 21 cm2, 11 x 22 cm2, 12 x 23 cm2, 13 x 23 cm2, 14 x 24 cm2, and 15 x 252 cm. Experiment consisted of 30 replications. The polybag was filled with the potting medium consisting soil, sand, and compost in volume ratio of 4:1:1 and sown with Alternanthera sp. as a primary host plant in all treatment. The results of the experiment proved that application of polybag size (7 cm x20 cm to 15 cm x 25 cm had significant effects on height, diameter, dry weight total, top root ratio, quality index and survival of sandalwood seedling at six months old. The application of polybag size 15 x 25 cm2 (1080 mL produced the best growth i.e. height (24.53 cm , diameter (4.27 mm, dry weight total (1.86 g, top root ratio (0.54, quality index (0.28 and survival (92 %.Keywords: seedling growth, polybag size, Sandalwood

  13. Sandalwood Research: A Global Perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S.M.C.U.P. Subasinghe

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Sandalwood is a commercially and culturally important plant species belonging to the familySantalaceae and the genus Santalum. Sandalwood oil extracted from the heartwood has been used forperfumery, medicinal, religious and cultural purposes over centuries of years. In addition to oil, the woodand its powder are used for religious, cultural and medicinal purposes especially in the Asian and Arabregions. There are around 18 sandalwood species belonging to the genus Santalum which are; S.freycinetianum, S. haleakalae, S. ellipticum, S. peniculatum, S. pyrularium, S. involutum, S. boninese, S.insulare, S. austrocaledonicum, S. yasi, S. macgregorii, S. accuminatum, S. murrayanum, S. obtusifolium,S. lanceolatum, S. fernandezianum, S. salicifolium and S. spicatum. All the sandalwood species areidentified as obligate wood hemi-parasites which means they absorb certain nutrients such as phosphatesand nitrates from the host trees via root connections called haustoria.

  14. Differential effects of selective frankincense (Ru Xiang) essential oil versus non-selective sandalwood (Tan Xiang) essential oil on cultured bladder cancer cells: a microarray and bioinformatics study

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-01-01

    Background Frankincense (Boswellia carterii, known as Ru Xiang in Chinese) and sandalwood (Santalum album, known as Tan Xiang in Chinese) are cancer preventive and therapeutic agents in Chinese medicine. Their biologically active ingredients are usually extracted from frankincense by hydrodistillation and sandalwood by distillation. This study aims to investigate the anti-proliferative and pro-apoptotic activities of frankincense and sandalwood essential oils in cultured human bladder cancer cells. Methods The effects of frankincense (1,400–600 dilutions) (v/v) and sandalwood (16,000–7,000 dilutions) (v/v) essential oils on cell viability were studied in established human bladder cancer J82 cells and immortalized normal human bladder urothelial UROtsa cells using a colorimetric XTT cell viability assay. Genes that responded to essential oil treatments in human bladder cancer J82 cells were identified using the Illumina Expression BeadChip platform and analyzed for enriched functions and pathways. The chemical compositions of the essential oils were determined by gas chromatography–mass spectrometry. Results Human bladder cancer J82 cells were more sensitive to the pro-apoptotic effects of frankincense essential oil than the immortalized normal bladder UROtsa cells. In contrast, sandalwood essential oil exhibited a similar potency in suppressing the viability of both J82 and UROtsa cells. Although frankincense and sandalwood essential oils activated common pathways such as inflammatory interleukins (IL-6 signaling), each essential oil had a unique molecular action on the bladder cancer cells. Heat shock proteins and histone core proteins were activated by frankincense essential oil, whereas negative regulation of protein kinase activity and G protein-coupled receptors were activated by sandalwood essential oil treatment. Conclusion The effects of frankincense and sandalwood essential oils on J82 cells and UROtsa cells involved different mechanisms leading to

  15. Sandalwood in the Pacific: A state-of-knowledge synthesis and summary from the April 1990 Symposium

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-01-01

    The economic and cultural values of sandalwood (Santalum spp.) are attributed to the fragrant oil found mainly in the heartwood. Sandalwoods grow naturally in a variety of climates from warm desert in Australia to subtropical regions with almost uniform rainfall in Hawai'i and New Caledonia. Growth habit varies from large shrubs to tall trees....

  16. Genomics-Based Discovery of Plant Genes for Synthetic Biology of Terpenoid Fragrances: A Case Study in Sandalwood oil Biosynthesis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Celedon, J M; Bohlmann, J

    2016-01-01

    Terpenoid fragrances are powerful mediators of ecological interactions in nature and have a long history of traditional and modern industrial applications. Plants produce a great diversity of fragrant terpenoid metabolites, which make them a superb source of biosynthetic genes and enzymes. Advances in fragrance gene discovery have enabled new approaches in synthetic biology of high-value speciality molecules toward applications in the fragrance and flavor, food and beverage, cosmetics, and other industries. Rapid developments in transcriptome and genome sequencing of nonmodel plant species have accelerated the discovery of fragrance biosynthetic pathways. In parallel, advances in metabolic engineering of microbial and plant systems have established platforms for synthetic biology applications of some of the thousands of plant genes that underlie fragrance diversity. While many fragrance molecules (eg, simple monoterpenes) are abundant in readily renewable plant materials, some highly valuable fragrant terpenoids (eg, santalols, ambroxides) are rare in nature and interesting targets for synthetic biology. As a representative example for genomics/transcriptomics enabled gene and enzyme discovery, we describe a strategy used successfully for elucidation of a complete fragrance biosynthetic pathway in sandalwood (Santalum album) and its reconstruction in yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae). We address questions related to the discovery of specific genes within large gene families and recovery of rare gene transcripts that are selectively expressed in recalcitrant tissues. To substantiate the validity of the approaches, we describe the combination of methods used in the gene and enzyme discovery of a cytochrome P450 in the fragrant heartwood of tropical sandalwood, responsible for the fragrance defining, final step in the biosynthesis of (Z)-santalols. © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  17. African Sandalwood or Nepalese Sandalwood: a Brief Synthesis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaime A. TEIXEIRA DA SILVA

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available African sandalwood or East African sandalwood (Osyris lanceolata Hochst. & Steud.; Santalaceae, also known as Nepalese sandalwood (Osyris wightiana var. rotundifolia P.C. Tam, is a hemi-parasitic tree known for its fragrant wood. The essential oil is extracted from the root bark for the perfume industry and different parts of the tree have various medicinal uses. African sandalwood contains an array of phytochemicals such as dihydro-β-agarofuran polyesters, agarofuranases, polyesters, other sesquiterpenes and bisabolanes. This mini-review focuses on the general biology, traditional uses, phytochemical properties, propagation for conservation, and hemiparasitism of O. lanceolata.

  18. The Sandalwood industry in Australia: a history

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pamela Statham

    1990-01-01

    From its inception in 1805, when it contributed to Sydney merchant incomes from whaling ventures, until today, when it earns several million dollars in export revenue, the sandalwood industry has played a small but significant part in Australia's economic development. The history of the industry falls into three major stages: first is the off-shore exploitation of...

  19. African sandalwood ( Osyris lanceolata ): resource assessment and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This will provide a guide in the selection of populations where conservation efforts and improvement programmes can be concentrated. ... was assessed by determining the amount of oil extracted from a given amount of wood and the proportion composition of santalol, a prime determinant of sandalwood oil quality.

  20. Cytotoxicity and Genotoxicity Assessment of Sandalwood Essential Oil in Human Breast Cell Lines MCF-7 and MCF-10A

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carmen Ortiz

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Sandalwood essential oil (SEO is extracted from Santalum trees. Although α-santalol, a main constituent of SEO, has been studied as a chemopreventive agent, the genotoxic activity of the whole oil in human breast cell lines is still unknown. The main objective of this study was to assess the cytotoxic and genotoxic effects of SEO in breast adenocarcinoma (MCF-7 and nontumorigenic breast epithelial (MCF-10A cells. Proteins associated with SEO genotoxicity were identified using a proteomics approach. Commercially available, high-purity, GC/MS characterized SEO was used to perform the experiments. The main constituents reported in the oil were (Z-α-santalol (25.34%, (Z-nuciferol (18.34%, (E-β-santalol (10.97%, and (E-nuciferol (10.46%. Upon exposure to SEO (2–8 μg/mL for 24 hours, cell proliferation was determined by the MTT assay. Alkaline and neutral comet assays were used to assess genotoxicity. SEO exposure induced single- and double-strand breaks selectively in the DNA of MCF-7 cells. Quantitative LC/MS-based proteomics allowed identification of candidate proteins involved in this response: Ku70 (p=1.37E-2, Ku80 (p=5.8E-3, EPHX1 (p=3.3E-3, and 14-3-3ζ (p=4.0E-4. These results provide the first evidence that SEO is genotoxic and capable of inducing DNA single- and double-strand breaks in MCF-7 cells.

  1. A new shock wave assisted sandalwood oil extraction technique

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arunkumar, A. N.; Srinivasa, Y. B.; Ravikumar, G.; Shankaranarayana, K. H.; Rao, K. S.; Jagadeesh, G.

    A new shock wave assisted oil extraction technique from sandalwood has been developed in the Shock Waves Lab, IISc, Bangalore. The fragrant oil extracted from sandalwood finds variety of applications in medicine and perfumery industries. In the present method sandal wood specimens (2.5mm diameter and 25mm in length)are subjected to shock wave loading (over pressure 15 bar)in a constant area shock tube, before extracting the sandal oil using non-destructive oil extraction technique. The results from the study indicates that both the rate of extraction as well as the quantity of oil obtained from sandal wood samples exposed to shock waves are higher (15-40 percent) compared to non-destructive oil extraction technique. The compressive squeezing of the interior oil pockets in the sandalwood specimen due to shock wave loading appears to be the main reason for enhancement in the oil extraction rate. This is confirmed by the presence of warty structures in the cross-section and micro-fissures in the radial direction of the wood samples exposed to shock waves in the scanning electron microscopic investigation. In addition the gas chromatographic studies do not show any change in the q uality of sandal oil extracted from samples exposed to shock waves.

  2. Essential oils and anxiolytic aromatherapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Setzer, William N

    2009-09-01

    A number of essential oils are currently in use as aromatherapy agents to relieve anxiety, stress, and depression. Popular anxiolytic oils include lavender (Lavandula angustifolia), rose (Rosa damascena), orange (Citrus sinensis), bergamot (Citrus aurantium), lemon (Citrus limon), sandalwood (Santalum album), clary sage (Salvia sclarea), Roman chamomile (Anthemis nobilis), and rose-scented geranium (Pelargonium spp.). This review discusses the chemical constituents and CNS effects of these aromatherapeutic essential oils, as well as recent studies on additional essential oils with anxiolytic activities.

  3. Looking at the Family Photo Album

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sandbye, Mette

    2014-01-01

    Having been the most widespread practice of photography since the late 19th century, it is only in the recent few decades that family photography has come into focus of academic attention. Scholars working with family albums have mainly come from anthropology, whereas scholars from the aesthetical...... fields, art history, photography studies, and cultural studies have been more hesitant about how to approach such a material. Using three family photo albums from the late 1960s and onwards as examples, the goal of this paper is to underline that family photos contain emotional, psychological......, and affective qualities that reach further than the individual owner and that should be put forward, also within the fields of aesthetics and humanities. Family photo albums are about social and emotional communication, they can be interpreted as ways of understanding and coming to terms with life...

  4. Constructing Data Albums for Significant Severe Weather Events

    Science.gov (United States)

    Greene, Ethan; Zavodsky, Bradley; Ramachandran, Rahul; Kulkarni, Ajinkya; Li, Xiang; Bakare, Rohan; Basyal, Sabin; Conover, Helen

    2014-01-01

    Data Albums provide a one-stop-shop combining datasets from NASA, NWS, online new sources, and social media. Data Albums will help meteorologists better understand severe weather events to improve predictive models. Developed a new ontology for severe weather based off current hurricane Data Album and selected relevant NASA datasets for inclusion.

  5. Preliminary study: kinetics of oil extraction from sandalwood by microwave-assisted hydrodistillation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kusuma, H. S.; Mahfud, M.

    2016-04-01

    Sandalwood and its oil, is one of the oldest known perfume materials and has a long history (more than 4000 years) of use as mentioned in Sanskrit manuscripts. Sandalwood oil plays an important role as an export commodity in many countries and its widely used in the food, perfumery and pharmaceuticals industries. The aim of this study is to know and verify the kinetics and mechanism of microwave-assisted hydrodistillation of sandalwood based on a second-order model. In this study, microwave-assisted hydrodistillation is used to extract essential oils from sandalwood. The extraction was carried out in ten extraction cycles of 15 min to 2.5 hours. The initial extraction rate, the extraction capacity and the second-order extraction rate constant were calculated using the model. Kinetics of oil extraction from sandalwood by microwave-assisted hydrodistillation proved that the extraction process was based on the second-order extraction model as the experimentally done in three different steps. The initial extraction rate, h, was 0.0232 g L-1 min-1, the extraction capacity, C S, was 0.6015 g L-1, the second-order extraction rate constant, k, was 0.0642 L g-1 min-1 and coefficient of determination, R 2, was 0.9597.

  6. Repellent effect of santalol from sandalwood oil against Tetranychus urticae (Acari: Tetranychidae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roh, Hyun Sik; Park, Kye Chung; Park, Chung Gyoo

    2012-04-01

    Thirty-four essential oils were screened for their repellent activities against the twospotted spider mite, Tetranychus urticae Koch (Acarina: Tetranychidae), at 0.1% concentration level using choice and no-choice laboratory bioassays. Of these, 20 essential oils showed significant repellencies against T. urticae in the choice tests. In subsequent no-choice tests using these 20 essential oils, only sandalwood oil showed significant repellency against T. urticae. Total number of eggs oviposited by T. urticae was significantly lower than controls in the choice tests when the kidney bean leaves were treated with 1 of 14 essential oils. The significant repellency of sandalwood oil against T. urticae lasted at least for 5 h at the 0.1% concentration level. Our GC-MS analysis indicated that the major components of the sandalwood oil were alpha-santalol (45.8%), beta-santalol (20.6%), beta-sinensal (9.4%), and epi-beta-santalol (3.3%). Santanol, a mixture of the two main components in the sandalwood oil, appears to be responsible for the repellency of sandalwood oil against T. urticae.

  7. Therapeutic Effect of Arsenicum album on Leukocytes

    OpenAIRE

    Ive, Elaine C.; Couchman, Ingrid M. S.; Reddy, Lalini

    2012-01-01

    The therapeutic effects of homoeopathic Arsenicum album potencies were investigated in-vitro, using a continuous cell line (MT4), pre-intoxicated with arsenic trioxide (As2O3), and then treated with succussed and unsuccussed homoeopathic potencies, 6CH, 30CH and 200CH. This study aimed to verify the homoeopathic law of similars and to determine whether potencies diluted beyond Avogadro’s constant had physiological effects on cells; whether various potencies would cause different effects as su...

  8. Antimicrobial compounds from Coleonema album (Rutaceae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Esterhuizen, Lindy L; Meyer, Riaan; Dubery, Ian A

    2006-01-01

    Coleonema album, a member of the South African fynbos biome, was evaluated for its antimicrobial activity associated with its secondary metabolites. Ethanol- and acetone-based extracts obtained from plants from two different geographical areas were analyzed. A bioassay-guided fractionation methodology was followed for rapid and effective screening for the presence of bioactive compounds. The TLC-bioautographic method, used to screen the plant extracts for antimicrobial activity and localization of the active compounds, indicated the presence of a number of inhibitory compounds with activity against the microorganisms (E. coli, B. subtilis, E. faecalis, P. aeruginosa, S. aureus, M. smegmatis, M. tuberculosis, C. albicans, C. cucumerinum) tested. Evaluation of the inhibitory strength of each extract by the serial microdilution assay indicated that the C. album extracts inhibited effectively all the microorganisms, with the minimum inhibitory concentrations in the low mg ml(-1) range. Identification and structural information of the bioactive components were obtained by a combination of preparative TLC and LC-MS. It revealed the presence of coumarin aglycones which were responsible for the observed antimicrobial activities. The results of this study indicate that C. album possesses strong antimicrobial activity against a wide range of microorganisms that warrants further investigation into the use of the extracts or their active constituents as a potential source for novel drugs.

  9. Efficacy of Tamarindus indicus, Melia azadirach and Santalum album in syndromic management of abnormal vaginal discharge: A single-blind randomised controlled trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhat, Tabasum Ali; Begum, Wajeeha

    2017-12-19

    Background At least 25 % of women attending genitourinary medicine (GUM) clinics receive treatment for one of the three common causes of abnormal vaginal discharge: bacterial vaginosis, candidiasis and trichomoniasis. Syndromic diagnostic approach was adopted by National AIDS Control Organisation (NACO) India, at the primary health centre level. Syndromic management implies the simultaneous treatment of two or more infections. The aim of this study was to assess efficacy of sandal sufaid, maghze tukhme bakayin and khaste tamar hindi in syndromic management of Sailanur rehm. Methods This study was a randomized, single blind, standard controlled trial. It was conducted to compare efficacy of formulation which contains buradae sandal safaid, safoofe maghze tukhme bakayin, safoofe khaste tamar hindi and safoofe shakkar safaid against combination of azithromycin, fluconazole and secnidazole on diagnosed subjects of Sailanur rehm. Test group received 10 g of test drug B.D for 21 days while control group received single dose of standard drug to both the partners. Vaginal symptom score (VSS) was used for assessing discharge and associated complaints. Visual analogous scale (VAS) was used for assessing low backache and lower abdominal pain. Results There were no significant differences between the two groups concerning baseline characteristics (p>0.05). VSS was significantly decreased with p<0.001 for both control and test group. VAS was significantly decreased with p<0.001 and p=0.07 in test and control group respectively for low backache. For lower abdominal pain p=0.006 for both groups after the completion of treatment. Conclusions The formulation can effectively alleviate the disease with associated symptoms without any side effects. It can be used in syndromic management of vaginal discharge. Future research is on large sample size.

  10. The live album or many ways of representing performance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mazzanti Sergio

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The analysis of live albums can clarify the dialectic between studio recordings and live performances. After discussing key concepts such as authenticity, space, time and place, and documentation, the author gives a preliminary definition of live albums, combining available descriptions and comparing them with different typologies and functions of these recordings. The article aims to give a new definition of the concept of live albums, gathering their primary elements: “A live album is an officially released extended recording of popular music representing one or more actually occurred public performances”.

  11. Relationship and genetic diversity of mistletoe (Viscum album L. subspecies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leon Mejnartowicz

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available With the help of 21 putative isoenzyme loci, the genetic diversity and variations of Viscum album ssp. album L. from 42 species, subspecies, varieties and hybrids of broadleaf trees, Viscum album ssp. austriacum (Wiesb. Vollmann, from 4 populations of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L. and Viscum album ssp. abietis (Wiesb. Abromeit, from 8 populations of European silver fir (Abies alba Mill. were analyzed. On the dendrogram, the three investigated subspecies form three clusters, each clearly separated from the other, so we suggest a revision of the systematic nomenclature proposed to take into consideration a return to an earlier system of dividing the European mistletoe into three species: Viscum album L., Viscum abietis Beck, and Viscum laxum Boiss. et Reut. From among the 21 tested loci only one locus, SOD-A, was monomorphic. The average number of actual alleles (Na and effective alleles (Ne was 2.23 and 1.61 respectively. The observed heterozygosity (Ho varied from 0.199 in V. album ssp. abietis to 0.345 in the V.a. ssp. album populations. Average FST = 0.277 indicates that about 28% of genetic differentiation is due to an interpopulation diversity of Viscum album populations. There is a small gene flux between Viscum album populations with only one immigrant successfully entering a population per two generations (Nm = 0,653.

  12. Therapeutic effect of Arsenicum album on leukocytes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ive, Elaine C; Couchman, Ingrid M S; Reddy, Lalini

    2012-01-01

    The therapeutic effects of homoeopathic Arsenicum album potencies were investigated in-vitro, using a continuous cell line (MT4), pre-intoxicated with arsenic trioxide (As(2)O(3)), and then treated with succussed and unsuccussed homoeopathic potencies, 6CH, 30CH and 200CH. This study aimed to verify the homoeopathic law of similars and to determine whether potencies diluted beyond Avogadro's constant had physiological effects on cells; whether various potencies would cause different effects as suggested by the concept of hormesis; whether succussed and unsuccussed homoeopathic potencies had different effects on the cells; and to establish whether a biotechnological method could be used to evaluate the above. As(2)O(3) was used to pre-intoxicate and the MTT assay was used to measure the percentage cytotoxicity and half maximal inhibitory concentration (IC(50)) of the cells. The homoeopathic potencies of Arsenicum album (6CH, 30CH and 200CH) were prepared by either succussing or allowing to diffuse for 30 s. After pre-intoxication of the MT4 cells with the IC(50) As(2)O(3) and treatment with succussed and unsuccussed Arsenicum album (6CH-200CH), the cell viability increased with increasing potency from 81% to 194% (over 72 h). The treatments and the times of exposure were found to be statistically significant determinants of cell viability, whereas succussion did not cause any significant variation in the results. The study provided evidence that a biotechnological method (namely cell viability) may be used to scientifically evaluate the physiological effects of homoeopathic potencies on human cells; it confirmed that the homoeopathic potencies did have therapeutic effects; and that succussion was not required in the potentization method in order to produce a curative remedy.

  13. Detection and quantification of adulteration in sandalwood oil through near infrared spectroscopy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuriakose, Saji; Thankappan, Xavier; Joe, Hubert; Venkataraman, Venkateswaran

    2010-10-01

    The confirmation of authenticity of essential oils and the detection of adulteration are problems of increasing importance in the perfumes, pharmaceutical, flavor and fragrance industries. This is especially true for 'value added' products like sandalwood oil. A methodical study is conducted here to demonstrate the potential use of Near Infrared (NIR) spectroscopy along with multivariate calibration models like principal component regression (PCR) and partial least square regression (PLSR) as rapid analytical techniques for the qualitative and quantitative determination of adulterants in sandalwood oil. After suitable pre-processing of the NIR raw spectral data, the models are built-up by cross-validation. The lowest Root Mean Square Error of Cross-Validation and Calibration (RMSECV and RMSEC % v/v) are used as a decision supporting system to fix the optimal number of factors. The coefficient of determination (R(2)) and the Root Mean Square Error of Prediction (RMSEP % v/v) in the prediction sets are used as the evaluation parameters (R(2) = 0.9999 and RMSEP = 0.01355). The overall result leads to the conclusion that NIR spectroscopy with chemometric techniques could be successfully used as a rapid, simple, instant and non-destructive method for the detection of adulterants, even 1% of the low-grade oils, in the high quality form of sandalwood oil.

  14. Preliminary research on the identification system for anthracnose and powdery mildew of sandalwood leaf based on image processing.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chunyan Wu

    Full Text Available This paper presents a survey on a system that uses digital image processing techniques to identify anthracnose and powdery mildew diseases of sandalwood from digital images. Our main objective is researching the most suitable identification technology for the anthracnose and powdery mildew diseases of the sandalwood leaf, which provides algorithmic support for the real-time machine judgment of the health status and disease level of sandalwood. We conducted real-time monitoring of Hainan sandalwood leaves with varying severity levels of anthracnose and powdery mildew beginning in March 2014. We used image segmentation, feature extraction and digital image classification and recognition technology to carry out a comparative experimental study for the image analysis of powdery mildew, anthracnose disease and healthy leaves in the field. Performing the actual test for a large number of diseased leaves pointed to three conclusions: (1 Distinguishing effects of BP (Back Propagation neural network method, in all kinds of classical methods, for sandalwood leaf anthracnose and powdery mildew disease are relatively good; the size of the lesion areas were closest to the actual. (2 The differences between two diseases can be shown well by the shape feature, color feature and texture feature of the disease image. (3 Identifying and diagnosing the diseased leaves have ideal results by SVM, which is based on radial basis kernel function. The identification rate of the anthracnose and healthy leaves was 92% respectively, and that of powdery mildew was 84%. Disease identification technology lays the foundation for remote monitoring disease diagnosis, preparing for remote transmission of the disease images, which is a very good guide and reference for further research of the disease identification and diagnosis system in sandalwood and other species of trees.

  15. Preliminary research on the identification system for anthracnose and powdery mildew of sandalwood leaf based on image processing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Chunyan; Wang, Xuefeng

    2017-01-01

    This paper presents a survey on a system that uses digital image processing techniques to identify anthracnose and powdery mildew diseases of sandalwood from digital images. Our main objective is researching the most suitable identification technology for the anthracnose and powdery mildew diseases of the sandalwood leaf, which provides algorithmic support for the real-time machine judgment of the health status and disease level of sandalwood. We conducted real-time monitoring of Hainan sandalwood leaves with varying severity levels of anthracnose and powdery mildew beginning in March 2014. We used image segmentation, feature extraction and digital image classification and recognition technology to carry out a comparative experimental study for the image analysis of powdery mildew, anthracnose disease and healthy leaves in the field. Performing the actual test for a large number of diseased leaves pointed to three conclusions: (1) Distinguishing effects of BP (Back Propagation) neural network method, in all kinds of classical methods, for sandalwood leaf anthracnose and powdery mildew disease are relatively good; the size of the lesion areas were closest to the actual. (2) The differences between two diseases can be shown well by the shape feature, color feature and texture feature of the disease image. (3) Identifying and diagnosing the diseased leaves have ideal results by SVM, which is based on radial basis kernel function. The identification rate of the anthracnose and healthy leaves was 92% respectively, and that of powdery mildew was 84%. Disease identification technology lays the foundation for remote monitoring disease diagnosis, preparing for remote transmission of the disease images, which is a very good guide and reference for further research of the disease identification and diagnosis system in sandalwood and other species of trees.

  16. Eesti album ehk elu läheb edasi / Igor Kotjuh

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kotjuh, Igor, 1978-

    2005-01-01

    Arvustus: Semenenko, Svetlan. Estonski albom, ili, Jeshtsho ne vsjo poterjano = Eesti album, ehk, Mitte kõik ei ole veel kaotatud = Estonian album, or, Not everything is lost yet. Tallinn : Ilo, 2004

  17. Deixis in Bruno Mars's Doo-wops & Hooligans Album

    OpenAIRE

    Sortha Silitonga, Ika Sapitriani and

    2016-01-01

    This study deals with the English. The objectives of this study are to analyze type of deixis and to find out the most dominant type of deixis in Bruno Mars's Doo-Wops & Hooligans Album. This study was conducted by using descriptive qualitative method. The data of this research were taken from Bruno Mars's song lyrics in the Doo-Wops & Hooligans album and 10 titles songs lyrics as the samples. The findings showed that there are five types of deixis found in Bruno Mars in the ‘Doo-Wops & Hooli...

  18. Acaricidal and oviposition deterring effects of santalol identified in sandalwood oil against two-spotted spider mite, Tetranychus urticae Koch (Acari: Tetranychidae)

    OpenAIRE

    Roh, Hyun Sik; Lim, Eu Gene; Kim, Jinwoo; Park, Chung Gyoo

    2011-01-01

    Thirty-four plant essential oils were screened for their acaricidal and oviposition deterrent activities against two-spotted spider mite (TSSM), Tetranychus urticae Koch (Acari: Tetranychidae), in the laboratory using a leaf-dip bioassay. From initial trials, sandalwood and common thyme oils were observed to be the most effective against TSSM adult females. Subsequent trials confirmed that only sandalwood oil was significantly active (87.2???2.9% mortality) against TSSM adult females. Sandalw...

  19. Lamium album or Urtica dioica? Which is more effective in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Objectives: Diabetes mellitus, the most common endocrine disorder, is defined by hyperglycaemia. Urtica dioica or stinging nettle is known to have antidiabetic effects. Lamium album or non stinging nettle is shown to have some beneficial effects such as antioxidant, and cytoprotective properties. The purpose of this study ...

  20. Acaricidal and oviposition deterring effects of santalol identified in sandalwood oil against two-spotted spider mite, Tetranychus urticae Koch (Acari: Tetranychidae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roh, Hyun Sik; Lim, Eu Gene; Kim, Jinwoo; Park, Chung Gyoo

    2011-12-01

    Thirty-four plant essential oils were screened for their acaricidal and oviposition deterrent activities against two-spotted spider mite (TSSM), Tetranychus urticae Koch (Acari: Tetranychidae), in the laboratory using a leaf-dip bioassay. From initial trials, sandalwood and common thyme oils were observed to be the most effective against TSSM adult females. Subsequent trials confirmed that only sandalwood oil was significantly active (87.2 ± 2.9% mortality) against TSSM adult females. Sandalwood oil also demonstrated oviposition deterring effects based on a 89.3% reduction of the total number of eggs on leaf disks treated with the oil. GC-MS analysis revealed that the main components of the sandalwood oil were α-santalol (45.8%), β-santalol (20.6%), β-sinensal (9.4%), and epi-β-santalol (3.3%). A mixture of α- and β-santalol (51.0:22.9, respectively) produced significantly higher mortality (85.5 ± 2.9%) and oviposition deterrent effects (94.7% reduction in the number of eggs) than the control. Phytotoxicity was not shown on rose shoots to which a 0.1% solution of sandalwood oil was applied.

  1. [Postoperative adjuvante Therapie mit einem Mistelextrakt (Viscum album ssp. album) bei Hündinnen mit Mammatumoren].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biegel, Ulrike; Stratmann, Nina; Knauf, Yvonne; Ruess, Katja; Reif, Marcus; Wehrend, Axel

    2017-01-01

    Hintergrund: Canine Mammatumoren (CMT) sind wegen ihrer Häufigkeit und hohen Malignitätsrate eine Herausforderung für die Veterinärmedizin. Bisher ist noch keine postoperative adjuvante Therapie als wirksamer Standard etabliert und in den nächsten Jahren wohl auch nicht zu erwarten. Zusätzlich ist die Frage nach der Verträglichkeit einer adjuvanten Therapie mit Erhaltung oder Verbesserung der Lebensqualität (LQ) wichtig. Die Therapie mit Mistelextrakten (Viscum album L.; VAE) ist in der Humanonkologie nach adjuvanter Tumorbasistherapie (Chemotherapie und Bestrahlung) eine sehr häufig verwendete, zusätzliche adjuvante Behandlungsmethode. Auch bei verschiedenen Tierarten werden inzwischen Mistelpräparate in der Onkologie erfolgreich angewendet. Methoden: Überprüfung von Wirkung und Nutzen einer postoperativen, adjuvanten Misteltherapie beim CMT sowie Erfassung der LQ unter der VAE-Behandlung. Ausgewertet wurden 56 Hündinnen mit Mammaadenokarzinom, 33 ausschließlich operierte Kontrolltiere und 23 operierte Tiere, die adjuvant VAE erhielten. Ergebnisse: Die mediane Überlebenszeit (MST) aller Tiere (n = 56) betrug 32 Monate (Interquartilbereich 13-51 Monate). Im deskriptiven Vergleich der Überlebenszeiten (ST) nach Kaplan-Meier waren nach 12, 24, 36 bzw. 48 Monaten noch 24, 20, 15 bzw. 5 Hündinnen (entsprechend 72,7%, 60,6%, 45,1%, 12,4%) der Kontrollgruppe sowie 19, 14, 11 und 1 Hündin (82,6%, 60,9%, 47,8%, 4,3%) der VAE-Gruppe am Leben. Die VAE-Therapie führte zu einem geringeren Gesamtversterberisiko, das statistisch nicht signifikant war (Hazard Ratio (HR) 0,530, 95%-Konfidenzintervall (KI) 0,222-1,262; p = 0,15). Tendenziell (p = 0,07) zeigte sich eine Verringerung des tumorbedingten Sterberisikos auf 25% (HR 0,251, 95%-KI 0,056-1,122). Schlussfolgerungen: Es kann eine Tendenz zur Senkung des tumorbedingten Sterberisikos der VAE-Gruppe bei guter Verträglichkeit der Therapie angenommen werden. Die LQ der Tiere blieb über die gesamte

  2. The appearance of concept albums in Yugoslav popular music: Kamen na kamen - long play records

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jovanović Jelena

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available It is commonly understood that a concept album is “a studio album where all musical or lyrical ideas contribute to a single overall theme or unified story” (Shuker 2002: 5. In this paper this term will be used to denote an album containing extra-musical themes and not simply collections of compositions defined only by genre or theme. In order for an album to belong to this category, it must have taken a thematic unity realized by the common content (thematically of its compositions and common musical means. Although the beginnings of such creative trends can be traced from 1940, the 1960s and 1970s brought the most influential releases of this kind, especially The Beatles’ album Sgt. Pepper’s Lonely Hearts Club Band (1967, which has had a great impact on many authors. As far as is known, the topic of concept albums in Yugoslavia has not yet been elaborated, so this article seems to be the first dedicated to this subject. It seems that in Yugoslavia there had been albums with elements of concept released before the appearance of the Kamen na kamen group album in 1973, entitled LP-60993 (Zagreb: Jugoton. The author of the album was Nikola Borota Radovan. After that, a double LP by the same ensemble and songwriter appeared in 1975 entitled OOUR/AVNOJ (RTV Ljubljana, with even more clearly expressed characteristics of concept. The aim of this article is to show that the thematic and conceptual elements of these editions are firmly connected to those of the concept album. These LPs were formed within the following thematic and contextual frames: 1 Borota`s general inclination towards folklore tradition(s as a permanent source of inspiration, 2 models among the greatest popular music works that influenced his writing projects, primarily The Beatles’ concept albums, and 3 social, economic and political circumstances in Yugoslavia at the time when these albums appeared. Even if it is not strictly a concept album in the full sense, the album LP

  3. Effect of Lamium Album on Mitochondrial Oxidative Stress in Diabetic Rats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Korosh Khanaki

    2017-05-01

    Conclusion: According to the present findings, it seems that L. album at a dose of 100 mg/kg could not decrease mitochondrial ROS production from neutrophils in diabetic rats. Further studies considering higher concentrations of L. album are appreciated to evaluate its impact on the production of mitochondrial ROS along with extracellular ROS in diabetes condition.

  4. Copiii Din Romania Despre Drepturile Omului (Romanian Children about Human Rights). Children's Album.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Georgescu, Dakmara

    This album addresses how civic education should be taught in Romanian schools. Civic education, like any other form of education, must be gradual and adapted to the specifics of the respective age. The album can be used by any person involved in developing future citizens. The document includes drawings and texts made by students who were apart of…

  5. East Indian Sandalwood Oil (EISO) Alleviates Inflammatory and Proliferative Pathologies of Psoriasis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharma, Manju; Levenson, Corey; Clements, Ian; Castella, Paul; Gebauer, Kurt; Cox, Michael E

    2017-01-01

    Psoriasis, a chronic inflammatory skin disease marked by hyper proliferation and aberrant differentiation of keratinocytes, affects 2-3% of the world's population. Research into the pathogenesis of psoriasis has been hampered by the lack of models that accurately reflect the biology of the psoriatic phenotype. We have previously reported that East Indian Sandalwood oil (EISO) has significant anti-inflammatory properties in skin models and hypothesized that EISO might provide therapeutic benefit to psoriasis patients due to its anti-inflammatory and anti-proliferative properties. Here we present interim results from an on-going proof-of-concept Phase 2 clinical trial in which topically applied EISO is demonstrating to be well tolerated and helpful in alleviating mild to moderate psoriasis symptoms. This led us to evaluate the ability of EISO to affect the psoriatic phenotype using MatTek Corporation reconstituted organotypic psoriatic and normal human skin models. EISO had no impact on the phenotype of the normal skin tissue model, however, EISO treatment of the psoriasis tissue model reverted psoriatic pathology as demonstrated by histologic characterization and expression of keratinocyte proliferation markers, Ki67 and psoriasin. These phenotypic affects correlated with suppressed production of ENA-78, IL-6, IL-8, MCP-1, GM-CSF, and IL-1β. Demonstration of the ability of EISO to abrogate these psoriasis symptoms in well-characterized in vitro psoriatic tissue models, supports the hypothesis that the clinically observed symptom alleviation is due to suppression of intrinsic tissue inflammation reactions in afflicted lesions. This study presents a systematic approach to further study the underlying mechanisms that cause psoriasis, and presents data supporting the potential of EISO as a new ethnobotanical therapeutic concept to help direct and accelerate the development of more effective therapies.

  6. Complete genome of Ignavibacterium album, a metabolically versatile, flagellated, facultative anaerobe from the phylum Chlorobi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhenfeng eLiu

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Prior to the recent discovery of Ignavibacterium album (I. album, anaerobic photoautotrophic green sulfur bacteria (GSB were the only cultivated members of the bacterial phylum Chlorobi. In contrast to GSB, sequence analysis of the 3.7-Mbp genome of I. album shows that this recently described member of the phylum Chlorobi is a chemoheterotroph with a versatile metabolism. I. album lacks genes for photosynthesis and sulfur oxidation but has a full set of genes for flagella and chemotaxis. The occurrence of genes for multiple electron transfer complexes suggests that I. album is capable of organoheterotrophy under both oxic and anoxic conditions. The occurrence of genes encoding enzymes for CO2 fixation as well as other enzymes of the reductive TCA cycle suggests that mixotrophy may be possible under certain growth conditions. However, known biosynthetic pathways for several amino acids are incomplete; this suggests that I. album is dependent upon on exogenous sources of these metabolites or employs novel biosynthetic pathways. Comparisons of I. album and other members of the phylum Chlorobi suggest that the physiology of the ancestors of this phylum might have been quite different from that of modern GSB.

  7. EMBEDDED LINUX BASED ALBUM BROWSER SYSTEM AT MUSIC STORES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suryadiputra Liawatimena

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The goal of this research is the creation of an album browser system at a music store based on embedded Linux. It is expected with this system; it will help the promotion of said music store and make the customers activity at the store simpler and easier. This system uses NFS for networking, database system, ripping software, and GUI development. The research method used are and laboratory experiments to test the system’s hardware using TPC-57 (Touch Panel Computer 5.7" SA2410 ARM-9 Medallion CPU Module and software using QtopiaCore. The result of the research are; 1. The database query process is working properly; 2. The audio data buffering process is working properly. With those experiment results, it can be concluded that the summary of this research is that the system is ready to be implemented and used in the music stores.

  8. Germination of Chenopodium Album in Response to Microwave Plasma Treatment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sera, Bozena; Stranak, Vitezslav; Sery, Michal; Spatenka, Petr; Tichy, Milan

    2008-01-01

    The seeds of Lamb's Quarters (Chenopodium album agg.) were stimulated by low-pressure discharge. The tested seeds were exposed to plasma discharge for different time durations (from 6 minutes to 48 minutes). Germination tests were performed under specified laboratory conditions during seven days in five identical and completely independent experiments. Significant differences between the control and plasma-treated seeds were observed. The treated seeds showed structural changes on the surface of the seat coat. They germinated faster and their sprout accretion on the first day of seed germination was longer. Germination rate for the untreated seeds was 15% while it increased approximately three times (max 55%) for seeds treated by plasma from 12 minutes to 48 minutes.

  9. Tannins from Canarium album with potent antioxidant activity*

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Liang-liang; Lin, Yi-ming

    2008-01-01

    The contents of total phenolics and extractable condensed tannins in the leaves, twigs and stem bark of Canarium album were determined. The structural heterogeneity of condensed tannins from stem bark was characterized by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) analyses. The results show the predominance of signals representative of procyanidins and prodelphinidins. In addition, epicatechin and epigallocatechin polymers with galloylated procyanidin or prodelphinidin were also observed. The tannins were screened for their potential antioxidant activities using 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and ferric reducing/antioxidant power (FRAP) model systems. Tannins extracted from leaves, twigs and stem bark all showed a very good DPPH radical scavenging activity and ferric reducing power. PMID:18500781

  10. Tannins from Canarium album with potent antioxidant activity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Liang-liang; Lin, Yi-ming

    2008-05-01

    The contents of total phenolics and extractable condensed tannins in the leaves, twigs and stem bark of Canarium album were determined. The structural heterogeneity of condensed tannins from stem bark was characterized by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) analyses. The results show the predominance of signals representative of procyanidins and prodelphinidins. In addition, epicatechin and epigallocatechin polymers with galloylated procyanidin or prodelphinidin were also observed. The tannins were screened for their potential antioxidant activities using 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and ferric reducing/antioxidant power (FRAP) model systems. Tannins extracted from leaves, twigs and stem bark all showed a very good DPPH radical scavenging activity and ferric reducing power.

  11. [Terra Mariana 1186-1888 : albums un komentāri] / Kristīne Ante, Reinis Norkārkls

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ante, Kristīne, 1977-

    2015-01-01

    Arvustus: Terra Mariana 1186-1888 : albums un komentāri = Album und Kommentare = album and comments = album i komentarze = album ja kommentaarid. 2 Bde.Hrsg. von Latvijas Nacionālā bibliotēka in Verbindung mit der Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana. Wiss. Redaktion von Andris Lewans in Zusammenarbeit mit Henrichs Soms, Andris Vilks u.a. (Codices e Vaticanis selecti. Series minor, 16.) Modena 2013

  12. Use of Semantic Technology to Create Curated Data Albums

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramachandran, Rahul; Kulkarni, Ajinkya; Li, Xiang; Sainju, Roshan; Bakare, Rohan; Basyal, Sabin; Fox, Peter (Editor); Norack, Tom (Editor)

    2014-01-01

    One of the continuing challenges in any Earth science investigation is the discovery and access of useful science content from the increasingly large volumes of Earth science data and related information available online. Current Earth science data systems are designed with the assumption that researchers access data primarily by instrument or geophysical parameter. Those who know exactly the data sets they need can obtain the specific files using these systems. However, in cases where researchers are interested in studying an event of research interest, they must manually assemble a variety of relevant data sets by searching the different distributed data systems. Consequently, there is a need to design and build specialized search and discovery tools in Earth science that can filter through large volumes of distributed online data and information and only aggregate the relevant resources needed to support climatology and case studies. This paper presents a specialized search and discovery tool that automatically creates curated Data Albums. The tool was designed to enable key elements of the search process such as dynamic interaction and sense-making. The tool supports dynamic interaction via different modes of interactivity and visual presentation of information. The compilation of information and data into a Data Album is analogous to a shoebox within the sense-making framework. This tool automates most of the tedious information/data gathering tasks for researchers. Data curation by the tool is achieved via an ontology-based, relevancy ranking algorithm that filters out non-relevant information and data. The curation enables better search results as compared to the simple keyword searches provided by existing data systems in Earth science.

  13. "THE WORLD OF CONSCIENCE AND BELIEF IN PROVIDENCE" IN NIKOLAI KARAMZIN’S ALBUMS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sapchenko L. A.

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available The article studies the religious and philosophical views of Nikolai Karamzin, formed during the 1810's and the 1820's. The author analyses Karamzin's hand-written albums, created in 1811 and 1821.

  14. Nelly Chabrol Gagne, Filles d’albums. Les représentations du féminin dans l’album

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anne Larue

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Ce n’est pas parce que les écrivaines et illustratrices sont souvent femmes que les codes de l’album d’enfance et de jeunesse, ce doux produit apparemment si anodin de l’édition, font la part belle au refus du sexisme ; au contraire, les albums en question continuent à être, malgré de très remarquables hapax, d’un sexisme forcené, ce que dénonce ici avec vigueur l’essai de Nelly Chabrol Gagne, Filles d’albums.Ce livre est doublement bienvenu : pour la qualité de son analyse, la précision de s...

  15. Konjungsi Dalam Lirik Lagu-lagu Bob Marley and the Wailers Pada Album Survival

    OpenAIRE

    MANARISIP, VIANDO IMANUEL

    2016-01-01

    This research is entitled “Conjunction in the Album Survival by Bob Marley and The Wailers”. Conjunction is a word used to connect words, phrases, and clauses. Conjunction shows the relationship between sentence elements that they connect. The purpose of this research is to describe, identify, and analyze the forms, functions, and meanings of conjunction in the songs of Bob Marley and The Wailers in the Album Survival (1979). The method used in this research is descriptive. The identification...

  16. Looking at the family photo album: a resumed theoretical discussion of why and how

    OpenAIRE

    Mette Sandbye

    2014-01-01

    Having been the most widespread practice of photography since the late 19th century, it is only in the recent few decades that family photography has come into focus of academic attention. Scholars working with family albums have mainly come from anthropology, whereas scholars from the aesthetical fields, art history, photography studies, and cultural studies have been more hesitant about how to approach such a material. Using three family photo albums from the late 1960s and onwards as examp...

  17. [Diagnostic workup of fragrance allergy].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Geier, J; Uter, W

    2015-09-01

    The diagnostic workup of contact allergy to fragrances must not be limited to patch testing with the two well-established fragrance mixes. False-positive reactions to these mixes occur in up to 50 % of the patch tested patients. For the diagnostic work-up of positive reactions, and in cases of suspected fragrance allergy, patch testing with the single mix components and additional fragrances is mandatory. Frequently sensitizing fragrance materials are the 14 components of the two fragrance mixes and tree moss (Evernia furfuracea), ylang ylang oil (I + II; Cananga odorata), lemongrass oil (Cymbopogon schoenanthus), sandalwood oil (Santalum album), jasmine absolute (Jasminum spp.), and, less frequently, clove oil (Eugenia caryophyllus), cedarwood oil (Cedrus atlantica/deodara, Juniperus virginiana), Neroli oil (Citrus aurantium amara flower oil), salicylaldehyde, narcissus absolute (Narcissus spp.), and patchouli oil (Pogostemon cablin).

  18. Complete Chloroplast Genome Sequences and Comparative Analysis of Chenopodium quinoa and C. album

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hong, Su-Young; Cheon, Kyeong-Sik; Yoo, Ki-Oug; Lee, Hyun-Oh; Cho, Kwang-Soo; Suh, Jong-Taek; Kim, Su-Jeong; Nam, Jeong-Hwan; Sohn, Hwang-Bae; Kim, Yul-Ho

    2017-01-01

    The Chenopodium genus comprises ~150 species, including Chenopodium quinoa and Chenopodium album, two important crops with high nutritional value. To elucidate the phylogenetic relationship between the two species, the complete chloroplast (cp) genomes of these species were obtained by next generation sequencing. We performed comparative analysis of the sequences and, using InDel markers, inferred phylogeny and genetic diversity of the Chenopodium genus. The cp genome is 152,099 bp (C. quinoa) and 152,167 bp (C. album) long. In total, 119 genes (78 protein-coding, 37 tRNA, and 4 rRNA) were identified. We found 14 (C. quinoa) and 15 (C. album) tandem repeats (TRs); 14 TRs were present in both species and C. album and C. quinoa each had one species-specific TR. The trnI-GAU intron sequences contained one (C. quinoa) or two (C. album) copies of TRs (66 bp); the InDel marker was designed based on the copy number variation in TRs. Using the InDel markers, we detected this variation in the TR copy number in four species, Chenopodium hybridum, Chenopodium pumilio, Chenopodium ficifolium, and Chenopodium koraiense, but not in Chenopodium glaucum. A comparison of coding and non-coding regions between C. quinoa and C. album revealed divergent sites. Nucleotide diversity >0.025 was found in 17 regions—14 were located in the large single copy region (LSC), one in the inverted repeats, and two in the small single copy region (SSC). A phylogenetic analysis based on 59 protein-coding genes from 25 taxa resolved Chenopodioideae monophyletic and sister to Betoideae. The complete plastid genome sequences and molecular markers based on divergence hotspot regions in the two Chenopodium taxa will help to resolve the phylogenetic relationships of Chenopodium. PMID:29056940

  19. Complete Chloroplast Genome Sequences and Comparative Analysis of Chenopodium quinoa and C. album.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hong, Su-Young; Cheon, Kyeong-Sik; Yoo, Ki-Oug; Lee, Hyun-Oh; Cho, Kwang-Soo; Suh, Jong-Taek; Kim, Su-Jeong; Nam, Jeong-Hwan; Sohn, Hwang-Bae; Kim, Yul-Ho

    2017-01-01

    The Chenopodium genus comprises ~150 species, including Chenopodium quinoa and Chenopodium album , two important crops with high nutritional value. To elucidate the phylogenetic relationship between the two species, the complete chloroplast (cp) genomes of these species were obtained by next generation sequencing. We performed comparative analysis of the sequences and, using InDel markers, inferred phylogeny and genetic diversity of the Chenopodium genus. The cp genome is 152,099 bp ( C. quinoa ) and 152,167 bp ( C. album ) long. In total, 119 genes (78 protein-coding, 37 tRNA, and 4 rRNA) were identified. We found 14 ( C. quinoa ) and 15 ( C. album ) tandem repeats (TRs); 14 TRs were present in both species and C. album and C. quinoa each had one species-specific TR. The trnI-GAU intron sequences contained one ( C. quinoa ) or two ( C. album ) copies of TRs (66 bp); the InDel marker was designed based on the copy number variation in TRs. Using the InDel markers, we detected this variation in the TR copy number in four species, Chenopodium hybridum, Chenopodium pumilio, Chenopodium ficifolium , and Chenopodium koraiense , but not in Chenopodium glaucum . A comparison of coding and non-coding regions between C. quinoa and C. album revealed divergent sites. Nucleotide diversity >0.025 was found in 17 regions-14 were located in the large single copy region (LSC), one in the inverted repeats, and two in the small single copy region (SSC). A phylogenetic analysis based on 59 protein-coding genes from 25 taxa resolved Chenopodioideae monophyletic and sister to Betoideae. The complete plastid genome sequences and molecular markers based on divergence hotspot regions in the two Chenopodium taxa will help to resolve the phylogenetic relationships of Chenopodium .

  20. East Indian Sandalwood Oil Is a Phosphodiesterase Inhibitor: A New Therapeutic Option in the Treatment of Inflammatory Skin Disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manju Sharma

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available Cyclic adenosine monophosphate phosphodiesterases (PDEs regulate pro-inflammatory cytokine production. One isoform, PDE4, is overactive in chronic relapsing inflammatory skin diseases: psoriasis and eczema/atopic dermatitis, and in several cancers. East Indian sandalwood oil (EISO has significant anti-inflammatory properties. Here, we report that 75% of pediatric eczema/atopic dermatitis patients treated with topical EISO formulations achieved a >50% reduction in their Eczema Area and Severity Index score. EISO treatment of a psoriasis model reduced PDE4 expression and reversed histopathology. EISO directly inhibited PDE enzymatic activity in vitro. In lipopolysaccharide-stimulated human dermal fibroblast, BEAS-2B, A549, and THP-1 cells, EISO suppressed total cellular PDE activity, PDE4, and 7 transcript levels, nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB activation, and pro-inflammatory cytokines/chemokine production. These results suggest that EISO anti-inflammatory activity is mediated through suppressing PDE activity, thus facilitating cAMP-regulated inhibition of NF-κB and indicate EISO as an attractive natural therapeutic for chronic and acute inflammatory disorders.

  1. [The herbals and floristic albums of Eliza Orzeszkowa].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuźnicka, Barbara

    2006-01-01

    awoj Kucharski entitled Pasje pisarki [The writer's passions], published in 1998 in "Gazeta Farmaceutyczna" [Pharmaceutical Journal] and illustrated with pages from the herbal created by Orzeszkowa. One of the authors, Jan Majewski, has found also other herbal-albums, kept, among other places, at the Museum of the Marist Fathers near London, and in the archival collections of the Ossolineum publishing house. A major surprise was connected with the discovery of a herbal that had the features of genuine botanical documentation. The title page of the herbal, which was discovered (by Jan Majewski and Sławoj Kucharski ) at Poznań, in the collections of the Poznań Society of the Friends of Science, carries the inscription: Zielnik Elizy Orzeszkowej. Z pól, lak i lasów, nadniemeńskich miejscowości, Miniewicze, Ponizany, Hledowicze, Kowszów, Poniemuń, Horny, Kołpaki [The Herbal of Eliza Orzeszkowa. From the fields, meadows and woods of localities on the Niemen river, Miniewicze, Ponizany, Hledowicze, Kowszów, Poniemuń, Horny, Kołpaki]. The value of the herbal for the history of botany has been appreciated by Anna Maria Kielak, the author of a beautiful bibliophile publication entitled Zielnik Elizy Orzeszkowej nieznany zabytek botaniczny przechowywany w zbiorach Poznańskiego Towarzystwa Przyjaciół Nauk. [The herbal of Eliza Orzeszkowa. An unknown botanical aabytek kept in the collections of the Poznań Society of the Friends of Science], Poznań 2004, pp. 151. The author has presented Eliza Orzeszkowa's biography, as well as her botanical and ethnographic passions. She has also made a list of the plants mentioned in the herbal, as well as appendices containing Orzeszkowa's correspondence with botanists. The author also describes the artistic albums composed by Orzeszkowa from dried herbs.

  2. The Technical University of Moldova (1964-2014). A Jubilee Album

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marinciuc, Aurel

    2014-12-01

    The album represents a history in photographs of the Technical University of Moldova, with emphasis on some recent achievements: 1) the make-up of the first artificial satellite "Republica Moldova" 2) the make-up of a Foucault Pendulum 3) the opening of an Astronomical Observatory in the campus of Technical University.

  3. The importance of nitrogen and carbohydrate storage for plant growth of the alpine herb Veratrum album

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kleijn, David; Treier, Urs; Müller-Schärer, Heinz

    2005-01-01

    We examined whether nitrogen (N) and carbohydrates reserves allow Veratrum album, an alpine forb, to start spring growth earlier than the neighbouring vegetation and to survive unpredictable disturbances resulting in loss of above-ground biomass.Seasonal dynamics of plant reserves, soil N...

  4. Regulation of photosynthesis and energy dissipation in triazine-resistant and susceptible Chenopodium album

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Curwiel, V.B.

    1997-01-01

    As a consequence of the intensive use of herbicides during crop growth, many herbicideresistant biotypes have evolved. One of the first examples is the resistance of Chenopodium album against triazine-type herbicides. About ten years after this discovery, it was

  5. The effect of humic substances on germination and early growth of Lamb's Quarters (Chenopodium album agg.)

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Šerá, Božena; Novák, František

    2011-01-01

    Roč. 66, č. 3 (2011), s. 470-476 ISSN 0006-3088 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z60870520; CEZ:AV0Z60660521 Keywords : Chenopodium album * growth stimulation * humic substance * lignite * seed germination Subject RIV: EH - Ecology, Behaviour Impact factor: 0.557, year: 2011

  6. Photo-media Studies in a Primary School: Looking through the Family Album.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walden, Kim Louise

    1990-01-01

    Reports a research project that uses photography in media education at the elementary school level. Outlines why photography is an appropriate medium and describes projects and games the children used to explore the meaning of photographs, particularly those in the family album. (KM)

  7. Sandalwood Oil and Turmeric-Based Cream Prevents Ionizing Radiation-Induced Dermatitis in Breast Cancer Patients: Clinical Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suresh Rao

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Background: The primary objective of this study was to ascertain the benefit of Vicco turmeric Ayurvedic cream (VTC; Vicco Laboratories, Mumbai, India sandalwood oil and turmeric-based cream in preventing radiodermatitis in women undergoing curative radiotherapy for their breast cancer. Methods and Materials: The study was an investigator-blinded randomized study with Johnsons Baby Oil (JBO; Johnson & Johnson Ltd., Baddi, India as a comparator, administered daily from the start of radiation therapy for 5 weeks in women receiving breast radiation therapy, 50 Gy in 2 Gy fractions daily for 5 weeks. The endpoints were to ascertain the delay in the appearance and the degree of severity of dermatitis throughout the study period in accordance to the Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG score. Results: The results indicated that the topical application of VTC delayed and mitigated the radiodermatitis. When compared to the Johnson’s Baby Oil, a significant decrease (p = 0.025 in the incidence of grade 1 was seen at week two, and also in grade 2 and 3 at week 3 (p = 0.003 and week 4 (p = 0.02, respectively, in the VTC cohort. A concomitant decrease in the average severity was also observed at week 2 (p = 0.02, week 3 (p = 0.05 and week 4 (p = 0.03. Conclusions: The results indicate that VTC cream significantly reduces radiation dermatitis when applied to the breast during and after radiation therapy. The result of this study indicates the beneficial effects. Double blind randomized control studies are required to further confirm the beneficial effects of VTC in mitigating radiodermatitis is people undergoing radiation treatment for their cancer.

  8. Green synthesis of silver nanoparticles and their characterization by XRD

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mehta, B. K.; Chhajlani, Meenal; Shrivastava, B. D.

    2017-05-01

    A cost effective and environment friendly technique for green synthesis of silver nanoparticles has been reported. Silver nanoparticles have been synthesized using ethanol extract of fruits of Santalum album (Family Santalaceae), commonly known as East Indian sandalwood. Fruits of S.album were collected and crushed. Ethanol was added to the crushed fruits and mixture was exposed to microwave for few minutes. Extract was concentrated by Buchi rotavaporator. To this extract, 1mM aqueous solution of silver nitrate (AgNO3) was added. After about 24 hr incubation Ag+ ions in AgNO3 solution were reduced to Ag atoms by the extract. Silver nanoparticles were obtained in powder form. X-ray diffraction (XRD) pattern of the prepared sample of silver nanoparticles was recorded The diffractogram has been compared with the standard powder diffraction card of JCPDS silver file. Four peaks have been identified corresponding to (hkl) values of silver. The XRD study confirms that the resultant particles are silver nanoparticles having FCC structure. The average crystalline size D, the value of the interplanar spacing between the atoms, d, lattice constant and cell volume have been estimated. Thus, silver nanoparticles with well-defined dimensions could be synthesized by reduction of metal ions due to fruit extract of S.album.

  9. The Emblems of the Album of the Ljubljana Noble Society of St Dismas: Context, Sources, Originality

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tine Germ

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available The article discusses the sources for the iconography of emblems in the Album of the Ljubljana Noble Society of St Dismas (Archive of the Republic of Slovenia, ref. AS 1073, I/1 that has not yet been systematically addressed. The Album is a kind of memorial book of the Ljubljana Noble Society of St Dismas or Academia Unitorum, displaying the coats of arms, emblems and important data of their members. The book with exquisite full page illuminations is the most important illuminated manuscript of the Baroque era that survives in Slovenia. Recent research shows, that the idea of the academic memorial book and its concept are modelled on the Memorie, imprese, e ritratti de’ signori Accademici Gelati de Bologna published in Bologna in 1672. Due to the specific context of the Album as a memorial book of St Dismas Society and a clearly articulated ambition of the patrons to create original individualized emblems, it is not easy to identify the possible sources let alone detect the direct influence. There are several emblem books to be taken into consideration and Alciati’s Emblematum liber appears to be a valuable source of inspiration. However, the research in Renaissance and Baroque books of emblems shows that it is actually Mundus Symbolicus by Filippo Picinelli (first published as Mondo simbolico, Milan 1653 which seems to be of vital importance for the creators of the Album. Since the proud members desired original and personalized emblems, it was only natural to rely upon a popular encyclopaedic work with a huge collection of systematically arranged descriptions of emblems. Picinelli’s book is actually a treasure-trove of ideas instigating new designs both in the sense of symbolic message and visual solutions, while the almost complete absence of illustrations prevents a simple reproduction of emblems. Due to their commitment to originality and the respect of the principles of St Dismas Society the members obviously found the traditional

  10. Synergistic effect of fragrant herbs in Japanese scent sachets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fujiwara, Yumi; Ito, Michiho

    2015-02-01

    The sedative activity of eight aromatic natural medicines that are traditionally used in Japanese scent sachets was examined using an open field test with mice. Galangal (Kaempferia galanga), patchouli (Pogostemon cablin), sandalwood (Santalum album), spikenard (Nardostachys chinensis), cinnamon (Cinnamomum cassia), clove (Syzygium aromaticum), star anise (Illicium verum), and borneol (Dryobalanops aromatica) distilled oils were used. These natural medicines have various pharmacological effects. For example, galangal has insecticidal activity and clove extracts possess strong total antioxidant activity. Aromatherapy, a well-known complementary medicine system that uses inhalation, has recently attracted much attention. The sedative activity of inhaled aromatic compounds or essential oils has been examined by measuring the spontaneous motor activity of mice in an open field test. The galangal, patchouli, sandalwood, spikenard, and borneol oils showed significant sedative effects. The effect was stronger for a mixture of the five oils than for any of the single oils. This suggests that the oil mixture may have synergistic activity. Sedative activity was not observed when inactive oils (cinnamon, clove, and star anise) were added to the mixture of the five active oils. Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  11. Chemical composition analysis andin vitrobiological activities of ten essential oils in human skin cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Han, Xuesheng; Beaumont, Cody; Stevens, Nicole

    2017-12-01

    Research on the biological effects of essential oils on human skin cells is scarce. In the current study, we primarily explored the biological activities of 10 essential oils (nine single and one blend) in a pre-inflamed human dermal fibroblast system that simulated chronic inflammation. We measured levels of proteins critical for inflammation, immune responses, and tissue-remodeling processes. The nine single oils were distilled from Citrus bergamia (bergamot), Coriandrum sativum (cilantro), Pelargonium graveolens (geranium), Helichrysum italicum (helichrysum), Pogostemon cablin (patchouli), Citrus aurantium (petitgrain), Santalum album (sandalwood), Nardostachys jatamansi (spikenard), and Cananga odorata (ylang ylang). The essential oil blend (commercial name Immortelle) is composed of oils from frankincense, Hawaiian sandalwood, lavender, myrrh, helichrysum, and rose. All the studied oils were significantly anti-proliferative against these cells. Furthermore, bergamot, cilantro, and spikenard essential oils primarily inhibited protein molecules related to inflammation, immune responses, and tissue-remodeling processes, suggesting they have anti-inflammatory and wound healing properties. Helichrysum and ylang ylang essential oils, as well as Immortelle primarily inhibited tissue remodeling-related proteins, suggesting a wound healing property. The data are consistent with the results of existing studies examining these oils in other models and suggest that the studied oils may be promising therapeutic candidates. Further research into their biological mechanisms of action is recommended. The differential effects of these essential oils suggest that they exert activities by different mechanisms or pathways, warranting further investigation. The chemical composition of these oils was analyzed using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.

  12. Germination behaviour of seeds from herbicide treated plants of Chenopodium album L.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asif Tanveer

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available The carry-over effect of sub-lethal herbicides was investigated on the germination of seeds collected from surviving Chenopodium album plants, which had received 1/8, 1/8 twice, 1/8 three times, 1/4, 1/2, 1/1 doses of either pre-emergence ioxynil or post-emergence bentazone in a previous onion (Allium cepa crop. Seeds were also collected from surviving C. album plants, which had received 1/4, 1/2, 1/1 of either pre-emergence pendimethalin, propachlor and linuron, or 1/8, 1/8 twice, 1/8 three times, 1/4, 1/2, 1/1 of post-emergence ioxynil or linuron in a previous leek (Allium porrum crop. Seeds of surviving plants were collected and tested for germination at temperature of 5, 10, 15, 20 and 25°C. The effect of different temperatures on the total number of germinated seeds was significant. Germination was minimum at low temperatures (5°C or 10°C. Herbicides did not show any effect on germination of C. album and resulted in the same final germination percentage as seeds collected from the unsprayed control plots.Avaliou-se o efeito residual de doses sub-letais de herbicidas sobre a germinação de sementes de plantas de Chenopodium album sobreviventes em uma cultura prévia de cebola (Allium cepa, que recebeu 2x, 3x, 1/4, 1/2 ou a dose recomendada de ioxynil em pré-emergência ou bentazone em pós-emergência. As sementes foram também coletadas de plantas de C. album sobreviventes de um campo de alho-porró (Allium porrum que havia sido tratado com 1/4, 1/2 ou a dose recomendada de pendimethalin, propachlor e linuron em pré-emergência, ou ainda 2x, 3x, 1/4, 1/2 ou a dose recomendada de ioxynil ou linuron em pós-emergência. As sementes destas plantas sobreviventes foram coletadas e testadas quanto à germinação a temperaturas de 5°C, 10°C, 15°C, 20°C e 25°C. Verificou-se que o efeito das temperaturas na germinação destas sementes foi significativa. A germinação foi mínima a baixas temperaturas (5°C e 10°C. Os herbicidas n

  13. Molecular Structural Characteristics of Polysaccharide Fractions from Canarium album (Lour.) Raeusch and Their Antioxidant Activities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zeng, Hongliang; Miao, Song; Zheng, Baodong; Lin, Shan; Jian, Yeye; Chen, Shen; Zhang, Yi

    2015-11-01

    The objective of this study was to investigate the multiple relations between the preliminary molecular structural characteristics and antioxidant activities of polysaccharides from Canarium album (Lour.) Raeusch (CPS). Three polysaccharide fractions, CPS1, CPS2, and CPS3, were isolated from CPS by column chromatography. CPS1 and CPS3 were mainly composed of neutral polysaccharides linked by α- and β-glycosidic linkages while CPS2 was pectin polysaccharides mainly linked by β-glycosidic linkages. According to the SEC-MALLS-RI system, the molecular weight of CPS1 was greater compared to CPS2 and CPS3, and the molecular weight and radius of CPS did not display positive correlation. The chain conformation analysis indicated CPS1 and CPS2 were typical highly branched polysaccharides while CPS3 existed as a globular shape in aqueous. Furthermore, the antioxidant activity of CPS2 was better than that of CPS3, while that of CPS1 was the weakest. The antioxidant activities of polysaccharide fractions were affected by their monosaccharide composition, glycosidic linkage, molecular weight, and chain conformation. This functional property was a result of a combination of multiple molecular structural factors. CPS2 was the major antioxidant component of CPS and it could be exploited as a valued antioxidant product. The molecular structural characteristics, antioxidant activities, and structure-function relationships of polysaccharide fractions from Canarium album were first investigated in this study. The results provided background and practical knowledge for the deep-processed products of C. album with high added value. CPS2 was the major antioxidant component of CPS, which could be exploited as a valued antioxidant ingredient in food and pharmaceutical industries. © 2015 Institute of Food Technologists®

  14. [Construction and identification of the expression library of album pollen allergens cDNA].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Jie; Sun, Xiu-zhen; Yan, Hong; Zhang, Ni; Feng, Xiang-li

    2011-05-01

    To construct and identify the express library of album pollen allergens cDNA. Total RNA were extracted from the album pollen with TRIzol reagent and the mRNA was isolate for the amplify followed. A double stranded cDNA (ds cDNA) was synthesized using primers containing Xho I and Poly(dT) sequence by ZAP Express®cDNA synthesis kit. The ds cDNA was modified and purified by gel chromatography, and then the cDNA fragment with the length of more than 400 bp containing sticky ends was obtained. The cDNA fragment was ligated with Uni-ZAP XR vector and subsequently treated with in vitro packaging using phage by ZAP-cDNA express GigapackIII Gold cloning kit. The express library of album pollen cDNA was constructed by in vitro packaging. The recombination rate and the lengths of fragments inserted of the cDNA library were detected by polymerase chain reaction. The titer and the recombination rate of cDNA expression library constructed were 9.7×10(5) and 100%, respectively. The capacity of the library was 4.85 Pfu. The average length of cDNA fragments inserted was about 1.0 kb. Based on the capacity of cDNA expression library constructed and the length of cDNA insertion fragments, the cDNA expression library constructed is qualified to screening target cDNA clone, laying the foundation for preparation of gene recombinant allergen pollen vaccine.

  15. SCHOOL, CULTURE & MOVEMENT : SUBJECTS/ACTORS FACE THE TRACES OF THEIR OWN ACTIVITY WHEN CREATING ALBUMS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nadine Pairis

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available This article concerns pupils' activity operated from the theoretical and methodological framework of data analysis of the "process of action" (Theureau, 2004 supporting on activity tracks (what emerges from the pre-reflexive consciousness and video recordings proceeded with individual interviews questioning the actors about their work : creation of albums into two classes of cycle 2 (one of them is an experimental artistic and cultural educational classroom with the help of an author/illustrator. The understanding of pupil’s activity answers the hypothesis of getting to work with creativity (Vygotski, 1930 in studying the "school well-being", the discourse analysis (case of Ramone who, in 2013, is not involved in the album creation while in 2014 he does not want to go out for a break before having finished the activity of visual art as well as the posture of their bodies at a moment of attentive listening. The results reveal that pupils need more movement than being in stand by (Jorro, 2013; Dewey 1934, in exploring their relationship to the space children become aware of the other ones (action vs passivity. The analysis of the pupils’ activity puts into perspective the impact of the artistic and cultural practices on learnings and movement (performance of their musical tale -moving in space with big-sized illustrations-, graphic movement : not only in writing but in positioning their body to accustom them to feel it before it hurts them as means of expression and cultural fact.

  16. Viscum album

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    STORAGESEVER

    2008-09-03

    Sep 3, 2008 ... several plants and vegetables, which are used in traditional medicine, are usually attributed to their ... characterization of diverse phytochemicals and the deve- lopment and utilization of antioxidants of natural ... phytochemical constituents, mostly the phenolics. The antioxidant activity of phenolics is due to ...

  17. Family album

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Riccardo Donati

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available In an 1821 article dedicated to the great German satiric Jean Paul, Thomas de Quincey - the famous author of Confessions of an English opium-eater, a book very beloved by Baudelaire and Poe - asserted that "[...] into every act of the humorous mood there is an influx of the moral nature: rays direct or refracted, from the will and the affections, from the disposition and the temperament, enter into all humour; and thence it is, that humour is of a diffusive quality, pervading an entire course of thoughts". This is an observation that seems to me in line with the landscape traced by Giancarlo Alfano in L'umorismo letterario. Una lunga storia europea, where the humor writing is described as a result of a variety of factors.

  18. Does cold plasma affect breaking dormancy and seed germination? Study on seeds of Lamb's Quarters (Chenopodium album agg.)

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Šerá, Božena; Šerý, M.; Straňák, V.; Špatenka, P.; Tichý, M.

    2009-01-01

    Roč. 11, č. 6 (2009), s. 750-754 ISSN 1009-0630 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z60870520 Keywords : chenopodium album * low-pressure discharge * plasma treatment Subject RIV: EF - Botanics Impact factor: 0.380, year: 2009

  19. Genetics of host-plant preference in the comma butterfly Polygonia c-album (Nymphalidae), and evolutionary implications

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nylin, S.; Nygren, G.H.; Windig, J.J.; Janz, N.; Bergstrom, A.

    2005-01-01

    In the Lepidoptera, sex-linked genes have been found to be of importance for species differences in, for example, hostplant preference, and have been implicated in ecological speciation. Variation within species is typically not sexlinked. However, in the comma butterfly Polygonia c-album

  20. Visual pigment spectra of the comma butterfly, Polygonia c-album, derived from in vivo epi-illumination nation microspectrophotometry

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vanhoutte, KJA; Stavenga, DG

    The visual pigments in the compound eye of the comma butterfly, Polygonia c-album, were investigate in a specially designed epi-illumination microspectrophotometer. Absorption changes due to photochemical conversions of the visual pigments, or due to light-independent visual pigment decay and

  1. Proteomic fingerprinting of mistletoe (Viscum album L.) via combinatorial peptide ligand libraries and mass spectrometry analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vergara-Barberán, María; Lerma-García, María Jesús; Nicoletti, Maria; Simó-Alfonso, Ernesto Francisco; Herrero-Martínez, José Manuel; Fasoli, Elisa; Righetti, Pier Giorgio

    2017-07-05

    Combinatorial peptide ligand libraries (CPLLs), coupled to mass spectrometry (MS) analysis, have been used to investigate in depth the proteome of Viscum album L. (VA), commonly named European mistletoe, in order to provide a first proteomic fingerprinting. For this purpose, the proteins were captured via CPLLs at two different pH values (acidic and neutral). A total of 648 non-redundant proteins were identified by using two different databases. The two pH values, chosen for bead incubations, have contributed to increment the capture ability: 56% and 31% of CPLLs species were respectively recognized at pH7.2 and at pH2.2. Finally the biological function of identified proteins was evaluated in order to understand their role on human health and the potential benefits of mistletoe extracts in medicine. Viscum album L. (VA) extracts are recently used as supporting medicine for cancer therapy, improving patients' survival and increasing their quality of life in medicine. These anticancer effects are investigated and they are probably due to mistletoe's capability to favor tumor cell's death and to modulate the immune system. Although the increasing interest in VA medical benefits, the role of its components in human health remains unclear. In order to exploit this aspect, it is important to comprehensively study proteins present in Viscum album L. (VA) extracts. Nevertheless, since plant proteomics analysis is in most cases handicapped by the presence of high-abundance proteins masking the detection of the low-abundance ones, it is important to overcome this challenge. In this sense, combinatorial peptide ligand libraries (CPLLs) have been used to reduce the dynamic protein concentration range to enable the identification of a higher amount of proteins than employing conventional methods. In this work, a total of 648 non-redundant proteins were identified: 56% and 31% of CPLLs species were respectively recognized at pH7.2 and at pH2.2. This deep proteome identification

  2. Analisis Kata Tabu dan Klasifikasinya di Lirik Lagu Eminem pada Album `The Marshal Mathers LP`

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laily Nur Affini

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available This research is dedicated for readers in the field of linguistics and has a purpose to reveal taboo words based on a certain theory and the classifications. The analysed taboo words exist in Emeninems album,The Marshall Mathers LP. A theory employed in the analysis is using Timothy Jay theory where taboo words are differentiated in seven classifications; cursing, profanity, blasphemy, obscenity, sexual harassment, vulgar language, name-calling and insult.The data was taken into two parts, primary and secondary. The primary data is the lyric itself and the secondary data is taken from books, articles and dictionary. The result of the analysis shows a revelation of the taboo words classifications, shown up in a table.

  3. DESAIN GRAFIS GAYA POP: STUDI KASUS SAMPUL ALBUM REKAMAN MUSISI INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Milka Basuki

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available A case study on cassettes record album’s covers of Indonesian musicians, which had chosen as research objects to find out whether there are influences of pop style graphic design which developed in Europe and America. Research is based on explanation about pop culture and its influences in art and design, especially in graphic design. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia: Studi kasus pada sampul kaset album rekaman musisi Indonesia, dipilih sebagai obyek penelitian untuk melihat apakah mendapat pengaruh dari desain grafis gaya pop yang berkembang di Eropa dan Amerika. Penelitian didasarkan pada pembahasan pengaruh budaya pop dalam bidang seni dan desain, yang kemudian dikhususkan pada bidang desain grafis. Kata kunci: budaya populer, seni pop, gaya pop, musik pop.

  4. Was the death of Alexander the Great due to poisoning? Was it Veratrum album?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schep, Leo J; Slaughter, Robin J; Vale, J Allister; Wheatley, Pat

    2014-01-01

    To investigate the death of Alexander the Great to determine if he died from natural causes or was poisoned and, if the latter, what was the most likely poison. OVID MEDLINE (January 1950-May 2013) and ISI Web of Science (1900-May 2013) databases were searched and bibliographies of identified articles were screened for additional relevant studies. These searches identified 53 relevant citations. Classical literature associated with Alexander's death. There are two divergent accounts of Alexander's death. The first has its origins in the Royal Diary, allegedly kept in Alexander's court. The second account survives in various versions of the Alexander Romance. Nature of the terminal illness. The Royal Diary describes a gradual onset of fever, with a progressive inability to walk, leading to Alexander's death, without offering a cause of his demise. In contrast, the Romance implies that members of Alexander's inner circle conspired to poison him. The various medical hypotheses include cumulative debilitation from his previous wounds, the complications of alcohol imbibing (resulting in alcohol hepatitis, acute pancreatitis, or perforated peptic ulcer), grief, a congenital abnormality, and an unhealthy environment in Babylon possibly exacerbated by malaria, typhoid fever, or some other parasitic or viral illness. Was it poisoning? Of all the chemical and botanical poisons reviewed, we believe the alkaloids present in the various Veratrum species, notably Veratrum album, were capable of killing Alexander with comparable symptoms to those Alexander reportedly experienced over the 12 days of his illness. Veratrum poisoning is heralded by the sudden onset of epigastric and substernal pain, which may also be accompanied by nausea and vomiting, followed by bradycardia and hypotension with severe muscular weakness. Alexander suffered similar features for the duration of his illness. If Alexander the Great was poisoned, Veratrum album offers a more plausible cause than arsenic

  5. Aggregation Tool to Create Curated Data albums to Support Disaster Recovery and Response

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramachandran, R.; Kulkarni, A.; Maskey, M.; Li, X.; Flynn, S.

    2014-12-01

    Economic losses due to natural hazards are estimated to be around 6-10 billion dollars annually for the U.S. and this number keeps increasing every year. This increase has been attributed to population growth and migration to more hazard prone locations. As this trend continues, in concert with shifts in weather patterns caused by climate change, it is anticipated that losses associated with natural disasters will keep growing substantially. One of challenges disaster response and recovery analysts face is to quickly find, access and utilize a vast variety of relevant geospatial data collected by different federal agencies. More often analysts may be familiar with limited, but specific datasets and are often unaware of or unfamiliar with a large quantity of other useful resources. Finding airborne or satellite data useful to a natural disaster event often requires a time consuming search through web pages and data archives. The search process for the analyst could be made much more efficient and productive if a tool could go beyond a typical search engine and provide not just links to web sites but actual links to specific data relevant to the natural disaster, parse unstructured reports for useful information nuggets, as well as gather other related reports, summaries, news stories, and images. This presentation will describe a semantic aggregation tool developed to address similar problem for Earth Science researchers. This tool provides automated curation, and creates "Data Albums" to support case studies. The generated "Data Albums" are compiled collections of information related to a specific science topic or event, containing links to relevant data files (granules) from different instruments; tools and services for visualization and analysis; information about the event contained in news reports, and images or videos to supplement research analysis. An ontology-based relevancy-ranking algorithm drives the curation of relevant data sets for a given event. This

  6. Antibacterial activity of some medicinal plants against selected human pathogenic bacteria

    OpenAIRE

    Khan, Usman Ali; Rahman, Hazir; Niaz, Zeeshan; Qasim, Muhammad; Khan, Jafar; Tayyaba,; Rehman, Bushra

    2013-01-01

    Medicinal plants are traditionally used for the treatment of human infections. The present study was undertaken to investigate Bergenia ciliata, Jasminum officinale, and Santalum album for their potential activity against human bacterial pathogens.

  7. Effects of herbicides on 14CO2 fixation in isolated mesophyll cells from Beta vulgaris (sugar beet) and Chenopodium album

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Baumann, G.; Guenther, G.

    1979-01-01

    10 -4 - 10 -6 molar solutions of herbicides (atrazine, 2,4-D, desmetryne, diallate, diquat, feuron, lenacil, NaTa, paraquat, phenmedipham, prometryne, propham, pyrazone, and simazine) cause similar inhibitory effects on the photosynthetic 14 CO 2 fixation in isolated mesophyll cells from Chenopodium album and Beta vulgaris. Correlatdion between inhibition and herbicide resistance of the whole plants could be realized for lenacil only

  8. Aggregation Tool to Create Curated Data albums to Support Disaster Recovery and Response

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramachandran, Rahul; Kulkarni, Ajinkya; Maskey, Manil; Bakare, Rohan; Basyal, Sabin; Li, Xiang; Flynn, Shannon

    2014-01-01

    recovery efforts. The search process for the analyst could be made much more efficient and productive if a tool could go beyond a typical search engine and provide not just links to web sites but actual links to specific data relevant to the natural disaster, parse unstructured reports for useful information nuggets, as well as gather other related reports, summaries, news stories, and images. This presentation will describe a semantic aggregation tool developed to address similar problem for Earth Science researchers. This tool provides automated curation, and creates "Data Albums" to support case studies. The generated "Data Albums" are compiled collections of information related to a specific science topic or event, containing links to relevant data files (granules) from different instruments; tools and services for visualization and analysis; information about the event contained in news reports, and images or videos to supplement research analysis. An ontology-based relevancy-ranking algorithm drives the curation of relevant data sets for a given event. This tool is now being used to generate a catalog of Hurricane Case Studies at Global Hydrology Resource Center (GHRC), one of NASA's Distribute Active Archive Centers. Another instance of the Data Albums tool is currently being created in collaboration with NASA/MSFC's SPoRT Center, which conducts research on unique NASA products and capabilities that can be transitioned to the operational community to solve forecast problems. This new instance focuses on severe weather to support SPoRT researchers in their model evaluation studies

  9. Evaluation of Preclinical Assays to Investigate an Anthroposophic Pharmaceutical Process Applied to Mistletoe (Viscum album L. Extracts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stephan Baumgartner

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Extracts from European mistletoe (Viscum album L. developed in anthroposophic medicine are based on specific pharmaceutical procedures to enhance remedy efficacy. One such anthroposophic pharmaceutical process was evaluated regarding effects on cancer cell toxicity in vitro and on colchicine tumor formation in Lepidium sativum. Anthroposophically processed Viscum album extract (APVAE was produced by mixing winter and summer mistletoe extracts in the edge of a high-speed rotating disk and was compared with manually mixed Viscum album extract (VAE. The antiproliferative effect of VAE/APVAE was determined in five cell lines (NCI-H460, DU-145, HCC1143, MV3, and PA-TU-8902 by WST-1 assay in vitro; no difference was found between VAE and APVAE in any cell line tested (P>0.14. Incidence of colchicine tumor formation was assessed by measurement of the root/shoot-ratio of seedlings of Lepidium sativum treated with colchicine as well as VAE, APVAE, or water. Colchicine tumor formation decreased after application of VAE (−5.4% compared to water, P<0.001 and was even stronger by APVAE (−8.8% compared to water, P<0.001. The high-speed mistletoe extract mixing process investigated thus did not influence toxicity against cancer cells but seemed to sustain morphostasis and to enhance resistance against external noxious influences leading to phenomenological malformations.

  10. Data Albums: An Event Driven Search, Aggregation and Curation Tool for Earth Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramachandran, Rahul; Kulkarni, Ajinkya; Maskey, Manil; Bakare, Rohan; Basyal, Sabin; Li, Xiang; Flynn, Shannon

    2014-01-01

    Approaches used in Earth science research such as case study analysis and climatology studies involve discovering and gathering diverse data sets and information to support the research goals. To gather relevant data and information for case studies and climatology analysis is both tedious and time consuming. Current Earth science data systems are designed with the assumption that researchers access data primarily by instrument or geophysical parameter. In cases where researchers are interested in studying a significant event, they have to manually assemble a variety of datasets relevant to it by searching the different distributed data systems. This paper presents a specialized search, aggregation and curation tool for Earth science to address these challenges. The search rool automatically creates curated 'Data Albums', aggregated collections of information related to a specific event, containing links to relevant data files [granules] from different instruments, tools and services for visualization and analysis, and information about the event contained in news reports, images or videos to supplement research analysis. Curation in the tool is driven via an ontology based relevancy ranking algorithm to filter out non relevant information and data.

  11. Korean mistletoe (Viscum album coloratum) extract regulates gene expression related to muscle atrophy and muscle hypertrophy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jeong, Juseong; Park, Choon-Ho; Kim, Inbo; Kim, Young-Ho; Yoon, Jae-Min; Kim, Kwang-Soo; Kim, Jong-Bae

    2017-01-21

    Korean mistletoe (Viscum album coloratum) is a semi-parasitic plant that grows on various trees and has a diverse range of effects on biological functions, being implicated in having anti-tumor, immunostimulatory, anti-diabetic, and anti-obesity properties. Recently, we also reported that Korean mistletoe extract (KME) improves endurance exercise in mice, suggesting its beneficial roles in enhancing the capacity of skeletal muscle. We examined the expression pattern of several genes concerned with muscle physiology in C2C12 myotubes cells to identify whether KME inhibits muscle atrophy or promotes muscle hypertrophy. We also investigated these effects of KME in denervated mice model. Interestingly, KME induced the mRNA expression of SREBP-1c, PGC-1α, and GLUT4, known positive regulators of muscle hypertrophy, in C2C12 cells. On the contrary, KME reduced the expression of Atrogin-1, which is directly involved in the induction of muscle atrophy. In animal models, KME mitigated the decrease of muscle weight in denervated mice. The expression of Atrogin-1 was also diminished in those mice. Moreover, KME enhanced the grip strength and muscle weight in long-term feeding mice. Our results suggest that KME has beneficial effects on muscle atrophy and muscle hypertrophy.

  12. Safety of Intravenous Application of Mistletoe (Viscum album L. Preparations in Oncology: An Observational Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Megan L. Steele

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Traditional mistletoe therapy in cancer patients involves subcutaneous applications of Viscum album L. preparations, with doses slowly increasing based on patient responses. Intravenous infusion of high doses may improve therapeutic outcomes and is becoming more common. Little is known about the safety of this “off-label” application of mistletoe. Methods. An observational study was performed within the Network Oncology. Treatment with intravenous mistletoe applications is described. The frequency of adverse drug reactions (ADRs to intravenous mistletoe applications was calculated and compared to ADR data from a study on subcutaneous applications. Results. Of 475 cancer patients who received intravenous infusions of Helixor, Abnoba viscum, or Iscador mistletoe preparations, 22 patients (4.6% reported 32 ADRs of mild (59.4% or moderate severity (40.6%. No serious ADRs occurred. ADRs were more frequently reported to i.v. mistletoe administered alone (4.3%, versus prior to chemotherapy (1.6%. ADR frequency differed with respect to preparation type, with Iscador preparations showing a higher relative frequency, compared to Abnoba viscum and Helixor. Overall, patients were almost two times less likely to experience an ADR to intravenous compared to subcutaneous application of mistletoe. Conclusion. Intravenous mistletoe therapy was found to be safe and prospective studies for efficacy are recommended.

  13. Use and safety of intratumoral application of European mistletoe (Viscum album L) preparations in Oncology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steele, Megan L; Axtner, Jan; Happe, Antje; Kröz, Matthias; Matthes, Harald; Schad, Friedemann

    2015-03-01

    Intratumoral (IT) injection of European mistletoe (Viscum album L) preparations might induce local tumor response through combined cytotoxic and immunomodulatory actions of the preparations. Although promising in vitro and in vivo data, along with clinical case studies suggest the need for validation of this hypothesis in prospective trials, the safety of IT mistletoe injections has yet to be thoroughly assessed. The present study summarizes the practice and safety of off-label IT mistletoe therapy within the Network Oncology, a conjoint clinical registry of German hospitals and outpatients specialized in anthroposophic and integrative medicine. Demographic, diagnosis and treatment data of cancer patients who received IT mistletoe applications between 2007 and 2013 were assessed. Suspected adverse drug reactions (ADRs) were analyzed in terms of type, frequency, severity, seriousness and potential risk factors. A total of 123 cancer patients received 862 IT mistletoe injections (preparations from Abnoba, Helixor and Iscucin). The most commonly applied preparations were Abnoba viscum Fraxini (71 patients) and Helixor Mali (54 patients). Of the total patients, 26 patients (21.1%) experienced 74 ADRs. All ADRs were in response to either Abnoba viscum Fraxini (25.4% of exposed patients) or Helixor Mali (18.5% of exposed patients). ADRs were mostly body temperature or immune related and of mild (83.8%) or moderate (14.9%) intensity. Only one possible ADR was described as severe (hypertension) and no serious ADRs occurred. The frequency of ADRs to IT mistletoe injections was 3 times and 5 times higher than has previously been found for subcutaneous and intravenous applications of mistletoe, respectively. IT injection of mistletoe preparations resulted in a relatively high frequency of ADRs. Nearly all ADRs were mild to moderate however, and no serious ADRs occurred. Furthermore, it is possible that immune-related ADRs such as pyrexia and local inflammatory reactions might

  14. Effects of temporally biased watering on the nitrogen response of Chenopodium album

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kinugasa, Toshihiko; Hozumi, Yumi

    2017-07-01

    Plant growth responses to an increasing N deposition are stimulated by an increase in annual precipitation, but such a stimulation has not always been found. We hypothesized that the effect of precipitation on plant N responses can change with temporally biased precipitation: a plant N response will be suppressed when precipitation is lower in the late growing period because larger plants are more susceptible to water limitations. We grew Chenopodium album under a high and low N application level with three watering patterns while maintaining the total supplied watering amount during the experimental period: constant watering, low watering in the first period and high watering in the latter period, and high watering in the first period and low watering in the latter period. The watering pattern did not affect plant dry mass under low N conditions. The plant dry mass under high N conditions was reduced by low watering in the first period, but the reduction was fully compensated in the subsequent high watering period by the stimulation of photosynthesis. Low watering following high watering under high N conditions did not suppress plant growth, but partial leaf wilting was observed at the end of the experimental period. Finally, at the end of the experiment, the response of plant dry mass to N was not different among the watering patterns. We concluded that a plant's response to increasing N deposition could be affected by temporally biased precipitation, depending on the scale of the precipitation bias and the ability of the plant to compensate or mitigate growth inhibition due to a water deficit. Precipitation deficits later in the growing period may be more detrimental to plant growth and can reduce plant responses to an increasing N deposition.

  15. Safety of higher dosages of Viscum album L. in animals and humans - systematic review of immune changes and safety parameters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kiene Helmut

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Viscum album L extracts (VAE, mistletoe and isolated mistletoe lectins (ML have immunostimulating properties and a strong dose-dependent cytotoxic activity. They are frequently used in complementary cancer treatment, mainly to improve quality of life, but partly also to influence tumour growth, especially by injecting VAE locally and in high dosage. The question is raised whether these higher dosages can induce any harm or immunosuppressive effects. Methods Systematic review of all experiments and clinical studies investigating higher dosages of VAE in animals and humans (Viscum album > 1 mg in humans corresponding to > 0.02 mg/kg in animals or ML > 1 ng/kg and assessing immune parameters or infections or adverse drug reactions. Results 69 clinical studies and 48 animal experiments reported application of higher doses of VAE or ML and had assessed immune changes and/or harm. In these studies, Viscum album was applied in dosages up to 1500 mg in humans and 1400 mg/kg in animals, ML was applied up to 6.4 μg/kg in humans and in animals up to 14 μg/kg subcutaneously, 50 μg/kg nasally and 500 μg/kg orally. A variety of immune parameters showed fluctuating or rising outcomes, but no immunosuppressive effect. Side effects consisted mainly of dose-dependent flu-like symptoms (FLS, fever, local reactions at the injection site and various mild unspecific effects. Occasionally, allergic reactions were reported. After application of high doses of recombinant ML, reversible hepatotoxicity was observed in some cases. Conclusions Application of higher dosages of VAE or ML is not accompanied by immunosuppression; altogether VAE seems to exhibit low risk but should be monitored by clinicians when applied in high dosages.

  16. In vitro polyploidy induction: changes in morphology, podophyllotoxin biosynthesis, and expression of the related genes in Linum album (Linaceae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Javadian, Neda; Karimzadeh, Ghasem; Sharifi, Mohsen; Moieni, Ahmad; Behmanesh, Mehrdad

    2017-06-01

    Induction of tetraploidy was performed and podophyllotoxin production increased by upregulating the expression level and enzyme activity of genes related to its biosynthesis in tetraploid compared to diploid Linum album. Linum album is a valuable medicinal plant that produces antiviral and anticancer compounds including podophyllotoxin (PTOX). To achieve homogeneous materials, in vitro diploid clones were established, and their nodal segments were exposed to different concentrations and durations of colchicine. This resulted in successful tetraploidy induction, confirmed by flow cytometry, and is being reported for the first time. The highest efficiency of tetraploid induction (22%) was achieved after 72 h exposure to 2.5-mM colchicine treatment. The stable tetraploids were produced after being subcultured three times, and their ploidy stability was confirmed after each subculture. The effects of autopolyploidy were measured on the morphological and phytochemical characteristics, as well as enzyme activity and the expression levels of some key genes involved in the PTOX biosynthetic pathway, including phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL), cinnamoyl-Coa reductase (CCR), cinnamyl-alcohol dehydrogenase (CAD), and pinoresinol-lariciresinol reductase (PLR). The tetraploid plants had larger leaves and stomata (length and width) and lower density stomata. Increasing the ploidy level from diploid to tetraploid resulted in 1.39- and 1.23-fold enhancement of PTOX production, respectively, in the leaves and stem. The increase in PTOX content was associated with upregulated activities of some enzymes studied related to its biosynthetic pathway and the expression of the corresponding genes. The expression of the PAL gene and PLR enzymatic activity had the most positive correlation with the ploidy level in both leaf and stem tissues. Our results verified that autotetraploid induction is a useful breeding method, remarkably increasing the PTOX content in the leaves and stem of L

  17. La carte postale coloniale dans l’album : Nona des sables, un château de cartes mémorielles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anne Schneider

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available L’album Nona des sables de Françoise Kérisel raconte la recherche mémorielle de la petite Manuela interrogeant sa grand-mère Nona sur son passé dans son Algérie natale. À partir de cartes postales coloniales qui se superposent au texte de l’album, elle renoue petit à petit avec son histoire familiale et algérienne et son identité mixte en croisant les approches iconographiques et langagières.

  18. Chemical composition analysis and in vitro biological activities of ten essential oils in human skin cells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xuesheng Han

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Research on the biological effects of essential oils on human skin cells is scarce. In the current study, we primarily explored the biological activities of 10 essential oils (nine single and one blend in a pre-inflamed human dermal fibroblast system that simulated chronic inflammation. We measured levels of proteins critical for inflammation, immune responses, and tissue-remodeling processes. The nine single oils were distilled from Citrus bergamia (bergamot, Coriandrum sativum (cilantro, Pelargonium graveolens (geranium, Helichrysum italicum (helichrysum, Pogostemon cablin (patchouli, Citrus aurantium (petitgrain, Santalum album (sandalwood, Nardostachys jatamansi (spikenard, and Cananga odorata (ylang ylang. The essential oil blend (commercial name Immortelle is composed of oils from frankincense, Hawaiian sandalwood, lavender, myrrh, helichrysum, and rose. All the studied oils were significantly anti-proliferative against these cells. Furthermore, bergamot, cilantro, and spikenard essential oils primarily inhibited protein molecules related to inflammation, immune responses, and tissue-remodeling processes, suggesting they have anti-inflammatory and wound healing properties. Helichrysum and ylang ylang essential oils, as well as Immortelle primarily inhibited tissue remodeling-related proteins, suggesting a wound healing property. The data are consistent with the results of existing studies examining these oils in other models and suggest that the studied oils may be promising therapeutic candidates. Further research into their biological mechanisms of action is recommended. The differential effects of these essential oils suggest that they exert activities by different mechanisms or pathways, warranting further investigation. The chemical composition of these oils was analyzed using gas chromatography–mass spectrometry. Keywords: Anti-proliferation, Bergamot, Cilantro, Anti-inflammatory, Spikenard, Wound healing

  19. Philippe Lejeune, Catherine Bogaert: Historia pewnej praktyki „Uri journal à soi" (Paris 2003, Ed. Textuel, s. 214, album

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Regina Lubas-Bartoszyńska

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses the content of an album of P. Lejeune and C. Bogaert, published in Paris in last year (in 2003, dedicated to a personal diary. The fact of bringing out of this publication became for the author of this article an impulse to present an anthropological view at the form of diary. The author - taking an opportunity of presenting the content of the album - gives an outline of the tradition of the genre, discusses various criteria (geographical, historical, sociological which have an influence on the development and formation of this literary form. The author also draws attention to the significant features of a personal diary (the ones which differ it from, e.g. autobiography and its kinds (from the purest form of a personal, intimate diary through the diary-letter written by one to him/herself to some unconvetional diaries such as: a painter's diary, diary-comic-strip, film diary, diary-photograph, on line diary - blog. While also pointing to such forms as: spiritual diaries, journey diaries, log books, and historical chronicles, the author emphasises the necessity of relating the origin of the diary with a concrete situation of men.

  20. ANTIBACTERIAL AND ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITIES OF THE ESSENTIAL OILS AND PHENOLIC EXTRACTS OF MYRTUS COMMUNIS AND ZYGOPHYLUM ALBUM FROM ALGERIA.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Belmimoun

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available The present study deals with the evaluation of the in vitro antioxidant and antibacterial activity of phenolic extracts and essential oils of two medicinal and aromatic plants Zygophyllum album and Myrtus communis by using the 2,2- diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl radical ,total antioxidant power and agar diffusion methods and minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC determination.Moreover,the extracts were investigated for their polyphenolic,flavonoids,tannins and anthocyans content by using the Folin-Ciocalteu assay,the aluminium trichlorid method,reaction with vanillin and colometer method based on differentiation of absorbance,respectively.The results showed that the highest antioxidant capacity was exhibited by the aqueous extract of Myrtus communis with IC50= 29,080mg/ml.All extracts  possessed more or less antibacterial activity against the  tested Gram- positive and Gram –negative bacteria Bacillus subtilis and E.coli were the more susceptible microorganisms to all extracts and essential oils. Pronounced antibacterial activity was observed by the methanolic extract of Zygophylum album (MIC value=25 µg/ml.Morever,the results showed that the phenolic compounds and flavonoids were abundant in Myrtle aqueous extracts.

  1. Analysis of gene expression by ESTs from suppression subtractive hybridization library in Chenopodium album L. under salt stress.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gu, Lili; Xu, Dongsheng; You, Tianyu; Li, Xiuming; Yao, Shixiang; Chen, Shasha; Zhao, Juan; Lan, Haiyan; Zhang, Fuchun

    2011-11-01

    To identify genes expression in Chenopodium album exposed to NaCl stress and screen ESTs related to salt stress, a subtractive suppression hybridization (SSH) library of C. album under salt stress was constructed in the present study. Random EST sequencing produced 825 high-quality ESTs with GenBank ID GE746311-GE747007, which had 301 bp of average size and were clustered into 88 contigs and 550 singletons. They were classified into 12 categories according to their function annotations. 635 ESTs (76.97%) showed similarities to gene sequences in the non-redundancy database, while 190 ESTs (23.03%) showed low or no similarities. The transcriptional profiles of 56 ESTs randomly selected from 347 unknown or novel ESTs of SSH library under varying NaCl concentration and at different time points were analyzed. The results indicated that a high proportion of tested ESTs were activated by salt stress. Four in 56 ESTs responded to NaCl were also enhanced in expression level when exposed to ABA and PEG stresses. The above four ESTs were validated by northern blotting which was consistent with the results of RT-PCR. The results suggested that genes corresponded to these ESTs might be involved in stress response or regulation. The complete sequences and detailed function of these ESTs need to be further studied.

  2. Higher concentration of QB-nonreducing photosystem II centers in triazine-resistant Chenopodium album plants as revealed by analysis of chlorophyll fluorescence kinetics

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rensen, van J.J.S.; Vredenberg, W.J.

    2009-01-01

    Plants resistant to triazine-type herbicides are known to be altered in their photosystem II reaction center. Serine at site 264 in D1 protein is replaced by glycine. The measurements of chlorophyll a fluorescence excitations with a variable number of saturating flashes in Chenopodium album plants

  3. Getting behind the Scenes of Fleetwood Mac's "Rumours": Using a Documentary on the Making of a Music Album to Learn about Task Groups

    Science.gov (United States)

    Comer, Debra R.; Holbrook, Robert L., Jr.

    2012-01-01

    The authors present an efficient and easy-to-implement experiential exercise that reinforces for students key concepts about task groups (i.e., group cohesiveness, conflict within groups, group effectiveness, group norms, and group roles). The exercise, which uses a documentary about the making of Fleetwood Mac's "Rumours" album to demonstrate the…

  4. Study on infestation levels and spatial distributions of Amaranthus blitoides, Chenopodium album and Solanum nigrum in corn field

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    elmira mohamad vand

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available For increasing the effectiveness of weed management and more understanding of weed population dynamics, spatial distribution needs to more attentions. Infestation levels and spatial distributions of Amaranthus blitoides, Chenopodium album and Solanum nigrum were studied in four 10x30 m corn fields. N-fertilizer was applied in two method of whole application at the time of corn planting (T1 and T2 and equal split application at the time of corn planting and at six-leaf stage (T3 and T4. One of either fields with the same method of N-fertilizer application, received herbicide too (T1 and T3. Weeds Samples were taken four times at the intersection of 2.5m square grids with 23days interval. The first sample was taken June 24, before top-dressing and herbicide application in related plots. For studying weed spatial distribution, the parameters of appropriate semivariogram model were calculated and weed contour maps were constructed by using kriging. The weed semivariograms fitted spherical and exponential models, over four sampling times and fields and spatial autocorrelation during growing season, was moderate to strong. In early growing season, Amaranthus blitoides was the dominant weed species in all fields, but lower density was recorded for Chenopodium album and Solanum nigrum. At the first sampling time, mean density of A. blitoides and S. nigrum in fields with split application of N-fertilizer was respectively more- and less than fields with whole application of N-fertilizer. In the case of C. album an evident difference wasn’t observed. Herbicide application in related plots considerably reduced the density of three mentioned species; however density never became zero. In the majority of cases the lack of herbicide application causes to increase in population density at the second sampling time. Spatial structure was observed in all three species and study on contour maps confirmed the existence of patches that the density was high in their

  5. The Death and Resurrection of the album cover / Muerte y resurrección de la portada de discos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ismael López Medel

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available The recording industry is facing yet another pivotal moment of redefinition. Imagery has been one of its key elements, whether through graphic design, album art design, posters, videos and applications for digital devices. Throughout the more than hundred years of existence, music and images have shared a common space, in an ever-changing and evolving relationship. The main goal of the paper is to present how album cover design has expanded its boundaries far beyond its initial rol in the music industry, to trespass now into the textile, decoration and popular culture industries. We also aim to prove the evolution of the álbum cover and its reinterpreattion as objects of popular culture. Therefore, the paper is divided in three acts. We begin explaining the origin, evolution and significance of the discographic design from the outset of the industry. In the following act, we explain the death of the album cover due to the crisis experienced by the industry in the nineties. The final act studies the surprising comeback of the format, yet in another context, possessed with a much more symbolic function. This resurrection is part of the vinyl revival, pushed by elite consumers who are now looking for something else in music, apart from the music itself. As a result, we will witness how record covers have migrated from their original function and are now part of the realm of popular culture.La industria musical se encuentra de nuevo en un momento de redefinición. Uno de sus elementos claves ha sido el componente visual de la música a través del diseño gráfico, cubiertas de discos, posters, videos, aplicaciones, etc. A lo largo de los más de cien años de industria, la música y la imagen han ido de la mano, si bien dicha relación ha ido evolucionando con el tiempo. El objetivo principal es confirmar que el diseño discográfico ha conquistado otros campos más allá de la propia música (el textil, la decoración, la cultura popular, y ha

  6. Mistletoe lectin is not the only cytotoxic component in fermented preparations of Viscum album from white fir (Abies pectinata

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramos Mac

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Preparations of mistletoe (Viscum album are the form of cancer treatment that is most frequently used in the complementary medicine. Previous work has shown that these preparations are able to exert cytotoxic effects on carcinoma cells, the extent of which might be influenced by the host tree species and by the content of mistletoe lectin. Methods Using colorimetric assays, we have now compared the cytotoxic effects of Viscum album preparations (VAPs obtained from mistletoe growing on oak (Quercus robur and Q. petraea, VAP-Qu, apple tree (Malus domestica,, VAP-M, pine (Pinus sylvestris, VAP-P or white fir (Abies pectinata, VAP-A, on the in vitro growth of breast and bladder carcinoma cell lines. While MFM-223, KPL-1, MCF-7 and HCC-1937 were the breast carcinoma cell lines chosen, the panel of tested bladder carcinoma cells comprised the T-24, TCC-SUP, UM-UC-3 and J-82 cell lines. Results Each of the VAPs inhibited cell growth, but the extent of this inhibition differed with the preparation and with the cell line. The concentrations of VAP-Qu, VAP-M and VAP-A which led to a 50 % reduction of cell growth (IC50 varied between 0.6 and 0.03 mg/ml. Higher concentrations of VAP-P were required to obtain a comparable effect. Purified mistletoe lectin I (MLI led to an inhibition of breast carcinoma cell growth at concentrations lower than those of VAPs, but the sensitivity towards purified MLI did not parallel that towards VAPs. Bladder carcinoma cells were in most cases more sensitive to VAPs treatment than breast carcinoma cells. The total mistletoe lectin content was very high in VAP-Qu (54 ng/mg extract, intermediate in VAP-M (25 ng/mg extract, and very low in VAP-P (1.3 ng/mg extract and in VAP-A (1 ng/mg extract. As to be expected from the low content of mistletoe lectin, VAP-P led to relatively weak cytotoxic effects. Most remarkably, however, the lectin-poor VAP-A revealed a cytotoxic effect comparable to, or even stronger

  7. The phenomena of Pine's "four psychologies": their contrast and interplay as exhibited in the Beatles' "white album".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brog, M A

    1995-01-01

    Psychoanalytically informed clinicians are frequently challenged with recognizing and integrating into their work the diverse phenomena central to differing psychoanalytic theoretical frameworks. In addressing this dilemma, Pine has formulated a "multiple model" that recognizes the qualitatively different psychological phenomena and the distinct motivational forces emphasized by what he calls "the four psychologies of psychoanalysis," the psychologies of drive, ego, object relations and self. This model makes it possible to describe individual personality organizations in terms of psychological hierarchies of the phenomena of the four psychologies. Use of this model promotes a particular kind of listening stance that facilitates recognition and use of a wide variety of clinical data. The usefulness of this model is demonstrated through its application to a creative work, the Beatles' "White Album." This application shows the utility of Pine's psychological hierarchies in describing differing personality organizations, the "multiple functions" mental events can represent through serving the motives of multiple psychologies, and the frequent interactions that occur between the differing psychological phenomena. Pine's model facilitates a recognition that an important quality found in works by the Beatles is their demonstration in strikingly clear form, of the qualitatively different aspects of human experience emphasized by the four psychologies. The accessibility of Beatles music makes it a potentially valuable teaching tool for demonstrating Pine's model.

  8. Influx of double labelled glutamine into mistletoes (Viscum album) from the xylem sap of its host (Abies alba).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Escher, P; Rennenberg, H

    2006-01-01

    The flux of glutamine into the mistletoe Viscum album from the xylem sap of a coniferous host was analyzed. For this purpose, a perfusion system was used in which the xylem sap of the host was replaced by an artificial perfusion solution. With this system, flux rates into the mistletoe were determined in feeding experiments with the organic nitrogen source U(13)C/(15)N-Gln. At the end of the experiments the delta values of C and N were significantly depleted in the outflow compared to the percolation solution. Since this depletion was higher for C than for N, a combination of Gln uptake and simultaneous uploading of organic compounds in the host xylem can be assumed. Gln was strongly metabolized during its allocation in the mistletoe. As a consequence, the C skeleton of Gln was equally distributed between leaf and stem tissue, whereas N of Gln preferentially accumulated in the stem. Apparently, the C atoms of the Gln taken up are transported faster in the mistletoe to the sink tissues than the N atoms. It is concluded that C liberated from Gln is transported rapidly to different sink tissues, whereas N in the oversupplied mistletoes is transported slowly to sinks in the leaves.

  9. Potentized homeopathic drug Arsenicum Album 30C positively modulates protein biomarkers and gene expressions in Saccharomyces cerevisae exposed to arsenate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Das, Durba; De, Arnab; Dutta, Suman; Biswas, Raktim; Boujedaini, Naoual; Khuda-Bukhsh, Anisur Rahman

    2011-07-01

    This study examines if homeopathic drug Arsenicum Album 30C (Ars Alb 30C) can elicit ameliorative responses in yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) exposed to arsenate. The yeast S. cerevisiae 699 was cultured in a standard yeast extract peptone dextrose broth medium. It was exposed to the final concentration of 0.15 mmol/L arsenate for two intervals, 1 h and 2 h, respectively. The cell viability was determined along with the assessment of several toxicity biomarkers such as catalase (CAT), superoxide dismutase (SOD), total thiol (GSH) and glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PDH), lipid peroxidation, protein carbonylation and DNA damage. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) accumulation, expressions of relevant stress transcription activators like Yap-1 and Msn 2, and mRNA expression of yeast caspase-1 (Yca-1) were also measured. Treatment of arsenate increased lipid peroxidation, protein carbonylation, DNA damage, ROS accumulation and expressions of Yap-1, Msn 2 and Yca-1 and decreased GSH, G6PDH, CAT and SOD. Ars Alb 30C administration decreased lipid peroxidation, protein carbonylation, DNA damage, ROS formation and Msn 2 and Yca-1 expressions and increased cell viability, GSH, G6PDH, CAT and SOD significantly (P<0.05), except for a slight increase in Yap-1 expression. Ars Alb 30C triggers ameliorative responses in S. cerevisiae exposed to arsenate.

  10. Impact of mistletoe attack (Viscum album ssp. abietis on the radial growth of silver fir. A case study in the North of Eastern Carpathians

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cãtãlina Barbu

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Viscum album ssp. abietis (Wiesb. Abrom L. is one of the three subspecies of Viscum album L that is frequently encountered in Romanian forests. The mistletoe has notoriously negative effects on trees and forests health. The mistletoe infections not only reduce both height and diameter growth, it can also cause partial or total die-back of the trees. The present study on the incidence of mistletoe (Viscum album ssp. abietis on silver fir (Abies alba increments was carried out in natural stands of the Forest District Gura Humorului (one permanent plot Păltinoasa and one experimental plot Voroneţ, because this location (400-1000 m elevation is characteristic for pure silver fir stands that can be found on the border of Carpathians Mountains at the contact zone with Suceava plateau. Four classes describing the level of infection were distinguished: no infection, low, moderate and strong infection. As only a few of healthy trees (class 0 were found, the comparison was made on the trees from the 1st class of attack. In parasited silver trees development were distinguished 3 phases: i phase 1 - from 1920 till 1945 when the trees that nowadays are falling into the 2nd and 3rd class had similar growth with the ones recorded in the 1st class; ii phase 2 - from 1946 till 1976-1977; during this period the trees had been reducing their growth. The growth of silver fir trees that fall into the 2nd and 3rd classes of parasitism represents 80% of the average growth of 1st class trees; iii phase 3 - from 1977 till 2007 (with a couple of episodes when trees growths from 1st, 2nd and 3rd classes of parasitism were clearly differentiated.

  11. Viscum album L. extracts in breast and gynaecological cancers: a systematic review of clinical and preclinical research

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    Kienle Gunver S

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Viscum album L. extracts (VAE, European mistletoe are a widely used medicinal plant extract in gynaecological and breast-cancer treatment. Methods Systematic review to evaluate clinical studies and preclinical research on the therapeutic effectiveness and biological effects of VAE on gynaecological and breast cancer. Search of databases, reference lists and expert consultations. Criteria-based assessment of methodological study quality. Results 19 randomized (RCT, 16 non-randomized (non-RCT controlled studies, and 11 single-arm cohort studies were identified that investigated VAE treatment of breast or gynaecological cancer. They included 2420, 6399 and 1130 patients respectively. 8 RCTs and 8 non-RCTs were embedded in the same large epidemiological cohort study. 9 RCTs and 13 non-RCTs assessed survival; 12 reported a statistically significant benefit, the others either a trend or no difference. 3 RCTs and 6 non-RCTs assessed tumour behaviour (remission or time to relapse; 3 reported statistically significant benefit, the others either a trend, no difference or mixed results. Quality of life (QoL and tolerability of chemotherapy, radiotherapy or surgery was assessed in 15 RCTs and 9 non-RCTs. 21 reported a statistically significant positive result, the others either a trend, no difference, or mixed results. Methodological quality of the studies differed substantially; some had major limitations, especially RCTs on survival and tumour behaviour had very small sample sizes. Some recent studies, however, especially on QoL were reasonably well conducted. Single-arm cohort studies investigated tumour behaviour, QoL, pharmacokinetics and safety of VAE. Tumour remission was observed after high dosage and local application. VAE application was well tolerated. 34 animal experiments investigated VAE and isolated or recombinant compounds in various breast and gynaecological cancer models in mice and rats. VAE showed increase of survival

  12. Evaluation of safety margins of Chenopodium album seed decoction: 14-day subacute toxicity and microbicidal activity studies

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    Mondal Nirup B

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Sperm immobilizing activity and plausible mechanism of action of Chenopodium album seed decoction (CAD have been elucidated in our earlier studies. The present study has been carried out to explore the safety standards of CAD along with microbicidal properties as prerequisite for its use as a topically applicable vaginal contraceptive. Methods The safety standards of CAD were assessed by a Hemolytic index determination using rabbit erythrocytes, to set the doses of the other experiments, b Dermal irritancy test using refined version of Draize scoring system on rabbits, c Possible effect on local tissues and reproductive performance in female rats after fourteen daily single dose application, d PCNA staining- to evaluate the effect of CAD on vaginal tissue proliferation, e TUNEL assay- to examine its ability to induce in situ apoptosis in the vaginal tissue sections of the treated animals, and f Microbicidal activity- to explore the effect of CAD on the growth of Lactobacillus acidophilus and Candida albicans. Results In vitro irritation studies on rabbit erythrocytes revealed the hemolytic index of CAD to be 8.2 mg/ml. The dermal irritation test showed it to be a non-irritant even at higher doses. Intra vaginal application of CAD in rat vagina for 14 consecutive days caused slight reversible inflammation on vaginal epithelial cells at doses as high as 82 mg/ml. However, at this dose level it neither had any adverse effect on vaginal tissue proliferation nor did it cause in situ apoptosis as evident from PCNA staining and TUNEL assay. Fertility and fecundity were restored 4-15 days after withdrawal of CAD application. At dose level 10 times that of its spermicidal MEC (minimum effective concentration, CAD did not block the growth of Lactobacillus, although the size of individual colony was marginally reduced. However, growth of the pathogenic fungus Candida albicans was completely inhibited with 20 mg/ml of CAD. Conclusion The

  13. Evaluation of safety margins of Chenopodium album seed decoction: 14-day subacute toxicity and microbicidal activity studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumar, Shrabanti; Biswas, Shampa; Banerjee, Sukdeb; Mondal, Nirup B

    2011-07-29

    Sperm immobilizing activity and plausible mechanism of action of Chenopodium album seed decoction (CAD) have been elucidated in our earlier studies. The present study has been carried out to explore the safety standards of CAD along with microbicidal properties as prerequisite for its use as a topically applicable vaginal contraceptive. The safety standards of CAD were assessed by a) Hemolytic index determination using rabbit erythrocytes, to set the doses of the other experiments, b) Dermal irritancy test using refined version of Draize scoring system on rabbits, c) Possible effect on local tissues and reproductive performance in female rats after fourteen daily single dose application, d) PCNA staining- to evaluate the effect of CAD on vaginal tissue proliferation, e) TUNEL assay- to examine its ability to induce in situ apoptosis in the vaginal tissue sections of the treated animals, and f) Microbicidal activity- to explore the effect of CAD on the growth of Lactobacillus acidophilus and Candida albicans. In vitro irritation studies on rabbit erythrocytes revealed the hemolytic index of CAD to be 8.2 mg/ml. The dermal irritation test showed it to be a non-irritant even at higher doses. Intra vaginal application of CAD in rat vagina for 14 consecutive days caused slight reversible inflammation on vaginal epithelial cells at doses as high as 82 mg/ml. However, at this dose level it neither had any adverse effect on vaginal tissue proliferation nor did it cause in situ apoptosis as evident from PCNA staining and TUNEL assay. Fertility and fecundity were restored 4-15 days after withdrawal of CAD application. At dose level 10 times that of its spermicidal MEC (minimum effective concentration), CAD did not block the growth of Lactobacillus, although the size of individual colony was marginally reduced. However, growth of the pathogenic fungus Candida albicans was completely inhibited with 20 mg/ml of CAD. The overall result evolved from the study strengthens the

  14. The Infestation Degree of Trees with Common Mistletoe Viscum album L. and their Health Status (on the Example of Praszka City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elżbieta Gołąbek

    2017-11-01

    Only the typical subspecies of mistletoe – Viscum album L. subsp. album, which occupied 11 species of trees were found in the city of Praszka. These were mainly: black poplar Populus nigra L., small-leaved lime Tilia cordata L. and black locust Robinia pseudoacacia L. (they are also the most common or the frequent hosts in the country. The distribution of mistletoe in the city is uneven, and this is mainly due to the degree of urbanization, sunshine, noise, occurrence of the most common hosts as well as the presence of birds. It turned out that the largest groups of hosts were located along the roads in low building areas, on the peripheries of the city as well as in parks and cemeteries. The health condition of trees inhabited by mistletoe was generally good. There was a correlation between the number of mistletoe shrubs on the host and its health status (the greater the number of shrubs, the worse the health status of the host.

  15. The Family Album

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Albrechtslund, Anders

    This article systematically analyzes emerging practices of sorting, sharing and storing photos in everyday family life. I report from a study of how Danish families and school children implement and negotiate the use of digital technologies. The purpose is to investigate why digital technologies...... are used and how they potentially change the relation between parents and children. The more general ambition of our study is to significantly improve our understanding of the motives and consequences of the deep infiltration of technology into contemporary family life in a networked world. Our study draws...... on empirical data from in-depth interviews with 15 Danish families and 50 school children aged 13-16 during six months in 2017. Both parents and children use their digital devices, particularly smartphones, as cameras to document their lives and to share photos with others. However, the interviews show...

  16. An album of war

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lehrmann, Ulrik

    2012-01-01

    Undersøgelse af de billedkategorier (prospekt, tableau, instruktion), som den I Verdenskrig blev formidlet i aviser og ugepresse. Den visuelle formidling af krigen er i et mediehistorisk perspektiv et gennembrud for brug af fotografisk materiale i danske aviser....

  17. ‘Archimedes in kundigheit, Ulisses in beleit, Achilles in dapperheit’. Het Album Amicorum van Klaas Willem Kiers (c. 1722/1759, ingenieur-modellist van stadhouder Willem IV

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frida van Til

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available The Album Amicorum of Klaas Willem Kiers (c. 1722/1759, military engineer and model maker of the Dutch Stadtholder Willem IVThis paper focuses on the importance of the Album Amicorum as a source of biographical information. Presented is the case of Klaas Willem Kiers, an engineer from Groningen, who was employed by the Dutch Stadtholder Willem IV for the fabrication of scientific models for his cabinet of experimental philosophy in The Hague. Kiers also taught the young hereditary prince – the later Willem V – the basic principles of fortification. After the sudden death of the stadholder, Kiers served as a lieutenant- engineer in the Army of the Dutch Republic. At that time he started an Album Amicorum, in which he collected inscriptions from various prominent countrymen. Kiers’ case demonstrates how this source can provide precious information about one’s biography. We can, among others, reconstruct Kiers’ education, his connections at the Stadholderly court and the other social levels in which he operated. Kiers probably used some of these connections to start in 1758 a chemical factory in Amsterdam for the production of soap and saltpetre. In short, Kiers’ album provides a unique testimony of the Dutch scientific culture in the mid-1750s.

  18. Effects of Homeopathic Arsenicum Album, Nosode, and Gibberellic Acid Preparations on the Growth Rate of Arsenic-Impaired Duckweed (Lemna gibba L.

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    Tim Jäger

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available This study evaluated the effects of homeopathically potentized Arsenicum album, nosode, and gibberellic acid in a bioassay with arsenic-stressed duckweed (Lemna gibba L.. The test substances were applied in nine potency levels (17x, 18x, 21x–24x, 28x, 30x, 33x and compared with controls (unsuccussed and succussed water regarding their influence on the plant’s growth rate. Duckweed was stressed with arsenic(V for 48 h. Afterwards, plants grew in either potentized substances or water controls for 6 days. Growth rates of frond (leaf area and frond number were determined with a computerized image analysis system for different time intervals (days 0–2, 2–6, 0–6. Five independent experiments were evaluated for each test substance. Additionally, five water control experiments were analyzed to investigate the stability of the experimental setup (systematic negative control experiments. All experiments were randomized and blinded. The test system exhibited a low coefficient of variation (≈1%. Unsuccussed and succussed water did not result in any significant differences in duckweed growth rate. Data from the control and treatment groups were pooled to increase statistical power. Growth rates for days 0–2 were not influenced by any homeopathic preparation. Growth rates for days 2–6 increased after application of potentized Arsenicum album regarding both frond area (p < 0.001 and frond number (p < 0.001, and by application of potentized nosode (frond area growth rate only, p < 0.01. Potencies of gibberellic acid did not influence duckweed growth rate. The systematic negative control experiments did not yield any significant effects. Thus, false-positive results can be excluded with high certainty. To conclude, the test system with L. gibba impaired by arsenic(V was stable and reliable. It yielded evidence for specific effects of homeopathic Arsenicum album preparations and it will provide a valuable tool for future experiments that aim at

  19. Effect of aqueous extracts of selected medicinal plants on germination of windgrass [Apera spica-venti (L. P. Beauv.] and lambsquarters (Chenopodium album L. seeds

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    Agnieszka Synowiec

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available The study aimed to determine the effect of aqueous extracts of medicinal plants (Matricaria chamomilla, Hypericum perforatum, Achillea millefolium, and Urtica dioica containing allelopathic compounds on seed germination in lambsquarters (Chenopodium album and herbicide-resistant windgrass (Apera spica-venti. A Petri-dish experiment was carried out, in which the effects of five concentrations of aqueous extracts on the germination of weeds were assessed for 10 consecutive days. It was found that the dynamics of seed germination are closely related to the type and concentration of aqueous extract of medicinal plants. The 8% U. dioica aqueous extract posed the strongest inhibitory effect, limiting the germination of both lambsquarters and windgrass. Additionally, weed germination was delayed by 12–72 h in the presence of extracts, compared with the control. Summing up, the aqueous extracts of medicinal plants, especially their higher concentrations, pose a desirable inhibiting effect against the germination of lambsquarters and herbicide-resistant windgrass seeds.

  20. Effect of solar radiation (UV and visible) at high altitude on CAM-cycling and phenolic compound biosynthesis in Sedum album

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bachereau, F.; Marigo, G.; Asta, J.

    1998-01-01

    The field experiment was carried out in order to compare the response of a CAM plant, Sedum album L., to solar radiation at a high altitude (2 100 m) with that at a low altitude location with respect to CAM and phenolic content. Treatment sites included (1) sun-exposed, low altitude, (2) sun-exposed, high altitude with different light treatments, including UV-B and UV-B + A screening, and (3) shade at high altitude. After a 70-day treatment period, CAM-cycling and phenolic compound content were analysed, and high altitude treatments were compared to the low altitude control. The sun-exposed low altitude control was characterized by CAM-cycling and a low phenolic compound content during the experiment. In plants transplanted to the high altitude, only the shaded group maintained a CAM-cycling and a phenolic compound content similar to those of the sun-exposed low altitude control. Samples under UV-B and UV-B + A filters showed similar responses, suggesting the absence of a specific UV-A radiation effect. The screening of UV-B or UV-B + A radiation allowed plants to partially maintain a CAM-cycling and induced a decrease in phenolic compound content. These responses under UV filters were, however, intermediate between those observed in sun-exposed and shaded groups. These results demonstrate a specific effect of radiation from both visible (400–800 nm) and UV-B (280–320 nm) bands on both CAM-cycling and phenolic biosynthesis in S. album L. plants. These light-dependent effects are discussed on a physiological basis and a possible interaction between CAM-cycling and phenolic metabolism is suggested. (author)

  1. A Follow-Up Study on the Efficacy of the Homeopathic Remedy Arsenicum album in Volunteers Living in High Risk Arsenic Contaminated Areas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anisur Rahman Khuda-Bukhsh

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available In continuation of our short-term pilot studies reported earlier, results on certain toxicity biomarkers in volunteers who continued to take the potentized Arsenicum album 200C till 2 years are presented. Out of some 130 “verum”-fed volunteers of pilot study, 96 continued to take the remedy till 6 months, 65 till 1 year and 15 among them continued till 2 years. They provided samples of their urine and blood at 6 months, 1 year and finally at 2 years. None out of 17 who received “placebo” turned up for providing blood or urine at these longer intervals. Standard methodologies were used for determination of arsenic content in blood and urine, and for measurement of toxicity biomarkers like acid and alkaline phosphatases, alanine and aspartate amino transferases, lipid peroxidation and reduced glutathione and anti-nuclear antibody titers. Most of the volunteers reported status quo maintained after the improvement they achieved within the first 3 months of homeopathic treatment, in respect of their general health and spirit, and appetite and sleep. A few with skin symptoms and burning sensation, however, improved further. This was supported by the data of toxicity biomarkers, levels of all of which remained fairly within normal range. Therefore, administration of Arsenicum album 200C considerably ameliorates symptoms of arsenic toxicity on a long-term basis, and can be recommended for interim use, particularly in high risk remote villages lacking modern medical and arsenic free drinking water facilities. Similar studies by others are encouraged.

  2. Stéréotypes et discriminations ethnoraciales dans et par les albums illustrés pour la jeunesse

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Véronique Francis

    2015-08-01

    of fiction books and show the importance of studying, besides the books, the voices that come with them, as they may – or not – influence our reading and, especially, our criticism. L’intégration dans le droit français de la directive européenne 2000-43 du 29/6/2000 pour l’égalité de traitement entre les personnes sans distinction de race ou d’origine ethnique et la reconnaissance officielle de la question des discriminations raciales (EUROSTAT, 2007; FASSIN, 2010; MASCLET, 2012 a conduit les organismes publics à développer des actions autour de la lutte contre les préjugés et les stéréotypes raciaux, et à promouvoir l’éducation à la diversité (DIM, 2012. Ce travail s’inscrit dans le champ des recherches en éducation sur les discriminations dans l’éducation des enfants dès le plus jeune âge (DERMAN-SPARKS, 1989; VANDENBROECK, 2005. Il examine les albums illustrés pour la jeunesse ainsi que sur les discours des professionnels concernant ces ouvrages. Elle fait suite à deux études (FRANCIS; THIERY, 2011; THIERY; FRANCIS, 2013 qui ont permis de constater le faible nombre d’albums de fiction, publiés entre 1980 et 2010, où le personnage principal est un enfant noir. Les albums où les enfants noirs vivent des situations paisibles voire heureuses de l’expérience enfantine sont rares et dans leur grande majorité, ils apparaissent dans des situations traitant de la différence, la tolérance, l’identité, l’exclusion, le racisme (THIERY; FRANCIS, 2015. L’étude propose une analyse de quelques ouvrages emblématiques et des énoncés qui les accompagnent, produits par les institutions du livre et de la lecture, les bibliothécaires, les conseillers pédagogiques, les enseignants, notamment ceux de l’école maternelle. Dans les albums de fiction, les personnages d’enfants noirs sont associés de manière récurrente à des thèmes, des toponymes, des objets. Les représentations des corps, notamment leur nudité totale

  3. “A Ba Ta Tsa” MUSIC ALBUM BY NENNO WARISMAN FOR CREATING A MUSICAL DRAMA SCRIPT AND PLAY IN TEACHING SPEAKING SKILL OF ISLAMIC PRESCHOOL EDUCATION STUDENTS OF STAIN KUDUS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Taranindya Zulhi Amalia

    2017-04-01

    This musical drama was used ―A Ba Ta Tsa‖ Music Album composed by Nenno Warism an. Moreover, the bilingual album consists of ten songs that are sung by Nenno and Aulad e Gemintang Choir. The song lyrics helped the Preschool Education students creating a m usical drama script and practice how to play it. The students got ideas by listening to the songs and developed English dialogues in the drama script. Then, this process could incre ase the speaking skill of the preschool teacher candidates. According to Preschool Curriculum, there are some aspects related to this educational lev el. They are religious and moral development aspect, Physical development aspect, Langu age development aspect, Cognitive development aspect, socio-emotional development as pect, and art Development aspect. In addition, this research focuses on all aspects, especially religious and language aspects. Hopefully, it will facilitate preschool teacher candidates in teaching English for Young Learner while enclosing religious values.

  4. Propagating Osyris lanceolata (African sandalwood) through air ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Air layers were initiated on the young shoots (1 – 2 years old) of mature O. lanceolata trees growing at Sao Hill catchment Forest. ... Rooting success was influenced by both the season and application of rooting hormone with optimal rooting being achieved during June and September with the addition of IBA at a rate of 50 ...

  5. Seasonal and spatial variation of carbohydrates in mistletoes (Viscum album) and the xylem sap of its hosts (Populus x euamericana and Abies alba).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Escher, Peter; Eiblmeier, Monika; Hetzger, Ilka; Rennenberg, Heinz

    2004-02-01

    In the present field study we analysed the seasonal pattern of carbohydrate composition and contents in the xylem sap of Viscum album and the xylem sap of a deciduous (Populusxeuramericana) and a coniferous (Abies alba) host tree species. The results were compared with the soluble carbohydrate composition and contents of mistletoe tissues. On both hosts significant amounts of glucose, fructose, and sucrose were found in the xylem sap of Viscum throughout the seasons. The general seasonal pattern of sugar contents, i.e. high concentrations in spring and lower concentrations in other seasons on Populus, and intermediate concentrations throughout the year on Abies, largely reflected the xylem sap carbohydrate composition and contents of the respective host. These observations provide indirect evidence for carbohydrate flux from the xylem sap of the host into the mistletoe. However, in both hosts xylem sap seems to be deviated into the mistletoe without specific control of carbohydrate flux. Differences observed between the seasonal pattern of xylem sap carbohydrate concentrations in Viscum on Populus and Abies may originate from the different time of leaf development of these species. A clear-cut seasonal pattern of soluble carbohydrates was not observed in the leaves of Viscum on both hosts. Still soluble carbohydrates seem to be reallocated from the senescing to the newly developed leaves of Viscum indicating that the seasonal requirement of carbohydrate for growth and development can only completely be met by carbohydrate acquisition from the host and their own photosynthesis.

  6. Effect of domestic processing on total and extractable calcium and zinc content of bathua (Chenopodium album) and fenugreek (Trigonella foenum graecum) leaves.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yadav, S K; Sehgal, S

    1999-01-01

    Bathua (Chenopodium album) and fenugreek (Trigonellafoenum graecum) stored in polyethylene bags and without packaging for 24 or 48 hours in a refrigerator at 5 or 30 degrees C in polyethylene bags. The fresh leaves were also dried (oven and sun); blanched (5, 10 or 15 min) and cooked in an open pan and a pressure cooker. The processed leaves were analyzed for total and extractable calcium and zinc content. The Ca and Zn content of these leaves varied from 970 to 2230 and 10.50 to 12.30 mg/100 g DM and the percentage HCl-extractability was 80.34 to 83.04 and 82.43 to 83.90, respectively. Non significant effects of drying and storage were observed on total Ca and Zn content and HCl-extractability while blanching and cooking resulted in significant improvement of HCl-extractability of these two minerals. Thus, cooking and blanching are good ways to improve the HCl-extractability of Ca and Zn.

  7. Construction of a Recombinant Allergen-Producing Probiotic Bacterial Strain: Introduction of a New Line for a Live Oral Vaccine Against Chenopodium album Pollen Allergy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leila Roozbeh Nasiraie

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Background: During the last two decades, significant advances have been made in the fields of lactococcal genetics and protein expression. Lactococcus lactis (L. lactis is an effective vector for protein expression and can be used as an antigen delivery system. Hence, L. lactis is an ideal candidate for mucosal immunotherapy. Profilin (Che a 2, the major allergen in Chenopodium album, is one of the most important causes of allergic diseases in desert and semi-desert areas, especially in Iran, Saudi Arabia, and Kuwait that was cloned and expressed in L. lactis for the first time. Methods: To construct L. lactis that expressed Che a 2, a DNA sequence was cloned and used to transform bacteria. Expression of Che a 2 was analyzed via monitoring of related RNA and protein. Hydrophobicity, adherence to HT-29 cells, antibiotic resistance, resistance to gastrointestinal contents, pH, and bile salt in recombinant and native L. lactis were evaluated. Results: Immunoblot analyses demonstrated that recombinant Che a 2 is expressed as a 32 kDa dimeric protein immunological studies showed it can bind human IgE. Both native and recombinant bacteria were sensitive to low pH and simulated gastric conditions. Bacterial survival was reduced 80-100% after 2 h of exposure to pH 1.5-2. Both native and recombinant bacteria were able to grow in 0.3 and 2% bile salts. After incubation of recombinant L. lactis in simulated gastric and intestinal juices for one and two hours, respectively, cell survival was reduced by 100%. Adhesion capability in both strains was minimal and there were no significant differences in any of our tests between native and recombinant bacteria. Conclusion: Successfully recombinant L. lactis with capability of expression Che a 2 was produced and revealed it is sensitive to gastrointestinal contents.

  8. Effect of treatment with intranasal corticosteroid and oral antihistamine on cytokine profiles of peripheral blood mononuclear cells of patients with allergic rhinitis sensitive to chenopodium album.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farrokhi, Shokrollah; Mousavi, Tahereh; Arshi, Saba; Javahertarash, Naser; Varasteh, Abdolreza; Falak, Reza; Rezaei, Nima; Salekmoghadam, Alireza

    2010-12-01

    Patients with allergic rhinitis (AR) show increased production of the Th2-related cytokines. Almost always, intranasal corticosteroid (INC) and antihistamine are used as routine therapy of AR. This study was performed to determine the in vitro secretion of cytokines profiles of PBMCs in patients with AR sensitive to Chenopodium album (Ch.a) pollens before and after treatment with INC (Fluticasone propionate) and oral antihistamine (Loratadine). PBMCs of 20 patients with AR, were tested in vitro for cytokine production. These cells were stimulated with natural or recombinant Ch.a. The levels of IL-4, IL-13 and IFN-, were measured in supernatants of cultured cell 96h after stimulation using ELISA. The PBMCs of 20 normal individuals were also similarly treared for comparison of results. The production of IL-4 by the patients' cells stimulated with either Ch.a or rCh.a was significantly higher than normal levels before therapy (p=0.04 and p=0.02, respectively). After therapy, a significant decrease in production of IL-4 and a significant increase in production of IL-10 were found in PBMCs stimulated with natural Ch.a, in comparison to the results before stimulation (p=0.03 for IL-4; p=0.04 for IL-10). Similarly, these results were seen in the production of IL-4 and IL-10 stimulated with rCh.a allergen after therapy in comparison to the results before stimulation (p=0.01 for IL-4; p=0.03 for IL-10). This study suggests INC (Fluticasone propionate) and oral antihistamine (Loratadine) have the capacity to inhibit the production of IL-4 and shift Th2/Th1 responses, probably due to increase the level of immunoregulatory IL-10. Therefore, it could be concluded that therapy with INC and antihistamine has pharmacologic and immunologic therapeutic effects on AR patients.

  9. The Palace of the Prince. Ideas and Architectural Projects from Florentine Experimental Academism to Borromini’s Drawings, with Notes on the Album of Giovanni Vincenzo Casale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marisa Tabarrini

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The unrealised architectural projects of Borromini for the princely Pamphili and Carpegna palaces in Rome have been relegated to a genre of ideal architecture on account of the grandeur of their conception and for their typological design complexity which anticipated the developments of seventeenth and eighteenth-century architecture. Rather, it can now be demonstrated that as far as questions regarding models for a “Palace of the Prince” in Renaissance practise and theory, Borromini was well aware of this long architectural tradition for high-ranking patrons – a tradition which culminated in the second half of the sixteenth century in the graphic experimentalism of the Florentine Accademia del Disegno. This article analyses two architectural projects for the Palazzo Barberini which can be related to this Florentine academic environment: the first, attributed by Wittkower to Pietro da Cortona, and the second, an allegorical drawing by Orazio Busini, still imbued with a late Renaissance schematic vision. To underline the specific importance of this academic type of architectural design in contrast to the inventiveness of Borromini’s architecture, his design projects for the Palazzo Carpegna are compared to the series of ideal palaces featured in the Album of drawings of Giovanni Vincenzo Casale, secretary to the Accademia del Disegno during the period when he closely followed the models of Montorsoli. From these comparisons it will be argued that the novelty of Borromini’s architectural projects for the Carpegna and the Pamphili palaces derives from the dynamic activation, interpreted in a “Brandian”-baroque meaning, of traditional academic schemes, that, once freed from the rigidly modular academic pattern, reach a harmonious fusion between interior and exterior design.

  10. Spatial and seasonal variation in amino compounds in the xylem sap of a mistletoe (Viscum album) and its hosts (Populus spp. and Abies alba).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Escher, Peter; Eiblmeier, Monika; Hetzger, Ilka; Rennenberg, Heinz

    2004-06-01

    In a field study, the composition and concentrations of amino compounds in the xylem sap of the mistletoe, Viscum album L., and in the xylem sap of two host species, an evergreen conifer (Abies alba Mill.) and a deciduous broad-leaved tree (Populus x euramericana), were analyzed. The xylem sap of both hosts and mistletoe contained large, but similar amounts of total organic nitrogen in low molecular weight amino compounds (TONLW). Nevertheless, individual amino compounds accumulated in the xylem sap of mistletoe relative to the host xylem sap, indicating selective uptake. In the xylem sap of Populus, major amino compounds (asparagine (Asn) and glutamine (Gln)) and the bulk parameters, TONLW and proteinogenic amino acids, showed significant seasonal variation. In Abies and in mistletoe on either host, variation of amino compounds in xylem sap was largely explained by inter-annual differences, not by seasonal variation. In both hosts, TONLW in the xylem sap was dominated by Gln. There was a steady decrease in relative abundance of Gln from the host xylem sap to the mistletoe xylem sap and to the stems and leaves of mistletoe. Simultaneously, the abundance of arginine (Arg) increased. Arginine was the predominant amino compound in the stems and leaves of mistletoe, occurring at concentrations previously observed only in leaves of trees exposed to excess nitrogen. We conclude that Gln (2 mol N mol(-1)) delivered by the host xylem sap is converted, in mistletoe, to Arg (4 mol N mol(-1)) and that the organic carbon liberated from Gln contributes significantly to the parasite's heterotrophic carbon gain. Statistical analyses of the data support this conclusion. Accumulation of Arg in mistletoe is an indication of excess N supply as a result of the uptake of amino compounds from the host xylem sap and a lack of phloem uploading.

  11. Leaf appearance rate and seed yield of fennel (Foeniculum vulgare L. as affected by interfering effects of lambsquarters (Chenopodium album L.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bahram mirshekari

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available In order to evaluation of seed production index in lambsquarters (Chenopodium album, leaf appearance and yield of fennel (Foeniculum vulgare under inter-specific competition a factorial experiment was conducted in Islamic Azad University, Tabriz Branch, Iran, during 2011-2012. Treatments were weed densities of 0, 2, 4, 6 and 8 plants per meter row and its relative emergence times of simultaneously, 10, 20 and 30 days after crop based on randomized complete blocks design in 3 replications. Dormancy in lambsquarters seeds was broken using gibberlic acid. Results indicated that 8th leaf in fennel appeared after 35.4 days. Time to appearance of 12th leaf in 0-4 weed plants per meter row was 50 days, while, in higher weed densities delayed averaged 11.5 days. With decreasing weed density and delaying it,s emergence time fennel seed yield increased. Essential oil yield of fennel reduced 25 mL ha-2, per weed plant. When lambsquarters density decreased and emerged after fennel, it,s seed production index reduced under competition with fennel. In those treatments which lambsquarters plants emerged along with the crop, seeds production weight was 9.8% of total plant weight, while, in other levels of lambsquarters emergence time were 5.8%, 3.6% and 3.8%, respectively. In this study, treatments with higher biomass production in lambsquarters had greater weed seed production per square meter and lower seed yield in fennel, that it could be used for lambsquarters management in fennel fields.

  12. The Effect of Relative Emergence Time and Density of Common Lambsquarters (Chenopodium album L. on Corn (Zea mays L. Grain and Biological Yield

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    v Sarabi

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract To study the effect of competitive potential of corn (Zea mays, in competition with common lambsquarters (Chenopodium album an experiment was conducted in 2006, at the farm of Agricultural Faculty of Ferdowsi University. In this experiment the effect of relative emergence time of common lambsquarters on single Cross 704 corn yield was studied in different densitis of the weed. The experimental design was split plot based on randomized completed block design with three replications. The emergence time at 3 levels (emergence of the weed 14 days earlier, 7 days earlier and simultaneously with corn was considered as main plots and density of weed at 6 levels (0, 4, 8, 12, 16 and 20 plants m-2 as sub plots. The results showed a decrease in grain and biological yield of corn, as the emergence time of corn delayed in comparison with the emergence time of weed. The maximum yield reduction of 100 and 99% was observed respectively, in the earliest emergence time of common lambsquarters compared to corn and in the highest density of weed (20 plants m-2 where the corn plants were fully shaded by the weed canopy and no ear was produced. The yield loss of corn was higher when the earlier emergence time of weed was occurred in higher weed densities. based on the results of this research it can be concluded that the decrease of competitive potential of corn with increasing the relative emergence time of common lambsquarters was led to significant yield loss of corn crop. While the increase in weed density resulted in corn yield reduction, there was no difference in yield loss in high weed densities. Keywords: Biomass, Competition, Weed interference model, Yield loss

  13. [Ose, Ieva. Livonijas pilu attēli no marķīza Pauluči albuma - Abbildungen der livländischen Burgen im Album des Marquis Paulucci] / Ivar Leimus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Leimus, Ivar, 1953-

    2011-01-01

    Arvustus: Livonijas pilu attēli no marķīza Pauluči albuma = Abbildungen der livländischen Burgen im Album des Marquis Paulucci. LU Latvijas vēstures institūts; Latvijas Akadēmiska biblioteka. (Rīga, 2008.) Kuramaa, Liivimaa ja Eestimaa pildialbumitest, mis tõenäoliselt on valminud aastatel 1827-1830, mis on nüüd välja antud ühiste kaante vahel. Tekst tõlgitud saksa keelde

  14. [Kombinierte Anwendung von Strahlentherapie und adjuvanter Therapie mit einem Mistelextrakt (Viscum album L.) zur Behandlung des oralen malignen Melanoms beim Hund: Eine retrospektive Studie].

    Science.gov (United States)

    von Bodungen, Uta; Ruess, Katja; Reif, Marcus; Biegel, Ulrike

    2017-01-01

    Hintergrund: Orale maligne Melanome (OMM) des Hundes zeichnen sich durch schnelles Wachstum, lokale Invasion und hohe Metastasierungsraten aus. Extrakte auf Basis von Viscum album L. (VAE) werden zunehmend in der Krebstherapie sowohl in der Human- als auch in der Veterinärmedizin eingesetzt. Ziel unserer Studie war es zu untersuchen, inwieweit die adjuvante Therapie mit VAE eine therapeutische Option zur Behandlung von OMM ist. Besonderes Augenmerk galt dabei der Überlebenszeit und möglichen Nebenwirkungen. Tiere und Methoden: 26 Hunde mit OMM, die in einem der größten veterinäronkologischen Zentren der Schweiz allesamt eine Strahlentherapie erhielten (teilweise nach operativer Tumorresektion) wurden in die retrospektive Studie eingeschlossen: 18 Hunde wurden mit VAE behandelt (1 ml VAE (Iscador®) in ansteigenden Konzentrationen von 0,1 bis 20 mg/ml subkutan 3-mal pro Woche (VAE-Gruppe), 8 erhielten keine adjuvante Behandlung (Vergleichsgruppe). Wir verglichen die Größenentwicklung der OMM sowie die Überlebenszeit. Ergebnisse: Patienten mit Bestrahlung und adjuvanter VAE-Therapie zeigten mit 236 Tagen eine signifikant längere mediane Überlebenszeit im Vergleich zu Patienten mit Bestrahlung, aber ohne adjuvante VAE-Therapie (49 Tage; Log-Rank-Test: p = 0,0047). Die VAE-Therapie verlängerte die Überlebenszeit um mehr als zwei Drittel (Hazard Ratio (HR) = 0,30, 95%-Konfidenzintervall (KI) 0,11-0,86; p = 0,024), während ein höheres Tumorstadium gemäß UICC (Union internationale contre le cancer) einen statistischen Trend zur Verdopplung des Sterberisikos zeigte (UICC-Stadium III/IV vs. I/II: HR = 2,12, 95%-KI 0,88-5,12; p = 0,095). Zwei Patienten zeigten milde Nebenwirkungen während der VAE-Behandlung. Einer der beiden zeigte 1 Tag lang ein selbstlimitiertes Fieber, bei dem anderen Patienten reduzierten wir die Dosis von einem konzentrierteren zu einem weniger konzentrierten VAE (Serie 0) aufgrund von Müdigkeit, die daraufhin verschwand

  15. Chemical and pharmacological investigation of Acacia and Santalum species

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Knudsen, Diana Jæger

    Humans have through thousands of years used plants as a source for medicines. Today, many drugs are still based on natural products or natural product derivatives despite the technological advancement and development of synthetic medicines during the last 25 years. Moreover, the many unique natural...... and 2D NMR, LC-MS/MS and GC-MS. Both compounds were also found to be moderately cytotoxic to a melanoma cell line and a normal human skin cell line. Triterpenoid saponins have in general been shown to be cytotoxic towards different cell lines likely due to their amphiphilic structure. An initial study...

  16. Areeni aasta album. Isiklikud edetabelid

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2003-01-01

    Areen jagas punkte heliplaatidele: 1. The Streets "Original Pirate Material" 2. Common "Electric Circus" 3. Flaming Lips "Yoshimi Battles The Pink Robots" 4. DJ Shadow "Private Press" 5. Peven Everett "Studio Confessions" 6. Andrew WK "I Get Wet" 7. Underworld "A Hundred Days Off" 8.-9. Felix Da Housecat "Kittenz and Thee Glitz" 10. X-Press 2 "Muzikizum" 11. The Music "The Music" 12.-13. The Datsuns "The Datsuns" 12. 13 Peshay "Fuzion" 14. High Contrast "True Colours" 15. Tallinn 73 meets Kalm "Autopiloot" 16. Koop "Waltz For Koop" 17.-18. Death In Vegas "Scorpio Rising" 17.-18. A "Hi-Fi-Serious" 19.-20. Arto Lindsay "Invoke" 19.-20. Akufen "My Way". Isiklikud edetabelid Tõnu Kaalepilt, Marek Kallinilt, Erkki Luukilt, Tõnis Kahult, Raul Saaremetsalt, Siim Nestorilt, Koit Raudsepalt, Erik Mornalt, Mart Juurelt ja Märt Milterilt

  17. Lamium album or urtica dioica?

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Proff.Adewunmi

    In addition to hyperglycemia, impaired metabolism of lipid (dyslipidaemia) is also a general characteristic of diabetes such as increased level of serum triglyceride (TG) and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and decreased level of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) (Feingold et al., 1992; Ghorbani, 2013). It is indicated that the ...

  18. Antiproliferative and anticarcinogenic effects of an aqueous preparation of Abies alba and Viscum album se abies, on a L-1210 malignant cell line and tumor-bearing Wistar rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karkabounas, S; Assimakopoulos, D; Malamas, M; Skaltsounis, A L; Leonce, S; Zelovitis, J; Stefanou, D; Evangelou, A

    2000-01-01

    Extracts of plants have been widely tested for possible anticarcinogenic properties. In the present study a traditional remedy, consisting of an aqueous extract of mixed parts of the tree Abies alba and its mistletoe Viscum album se abies was tested on benzo(alpha)pyrene(BaP)-induced tumors in Wistar rats and on the L-1210 malignant cell line. Two main groups of male Wistar rats subcutaneously injected by 10 mg of BaP, a dose inducing 100% carcinogenesis, a control group (C-G, 15 rats) and a treatment group(TR-G, 18 rats), were used for the study. Five animals bearing BaP-induced tumors were also tested (TR-1-G). Animals of the TR-G were orally administered with the aqueous extract at doses of 50 ml/kg b.w, from the day of BaP injection and of the TR-1-G, from the 120th day of injection, till death. L-1210 malignant cells in cultivation, were administered with a powder obtained by condensation and lyophilization of the extract, at various concentrations and cytotoxicity was measured by the microculture tetrazolium assay. Autopsy of the rats, revealed metastasis in the lungs of the animals of all groups and the tumors developed were histologically identified as leiomyosarcomas. The results indicated that the extract of the above plants possess anticarcinogenic effects, documented by: a) its antiproliferative effects on L-1210 cells (IC50 = 49.6 +/- 1.4 micrograms/ml), b) the significant prolongation of life and reduction of tumor growth rate of the animals of the TR-G in comparison to the C-G, c) the inhibition by 16.6% of tumor induction in the TR-G and d) the prolongation of life and the necrotic effects of the extract on the tumors of the animals in the TR-1-G. The antiproliferative effects of the Abies alba and Viscum album se abies extract may be due to the lectins and thionins contained in Viscum album, as well as to the monoterpenes contained in Abies alba. Soft tissue tumors sensitive to the extract, are widespread among human organs, even in larynx, and are

  19. In vitro screening of methanol plant extracts for their antibacterial activity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hussain, T.; Arshad, M.; Khan, S.; Sattar, H.

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to observe the antibacterial activity of aqueous methanolic extracts of 10 plants against 2-gram negative bacteria (Pasteurella multocida, Escherichia coli) and 3-gram positive bacteria (Bacillus cereus, Staphylococcus aureus, Corynebacterium bovis) by using disc diffusion method. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) was determined by agar well diffusion method and agar dilution method. All the bacteria were susceptible to different plant extracts. Lawsonia inermis, Embellia ribes and Santalum album showed antibacterial activity against all the tested bacteria. The extract of Santalum album showed maximum antibacterial activity of the 10 plant extracts used. Bacillus cereus and Pasteurella multocida were the most sensitive bacteria against most of the plant extracts. It is clear from the results of the present studies that the plant extracts have great potential as antimicrobial compounds against bacteria. However, there is a need of further research to isolate the active ingredients for further pharmacological evaluation. (author)

  20. Photos in the city, urban imaginaries: an experience with family albums in Porto Alegre Imaginada Fotografias na cidade, imaginários urbanos: uma experiência com álbuns de família em Porto Alegre Imaginada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nara Magalhães

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available This article reflects upon the process of research conducted in a study with family albums of black citizens from Porto Alegre. In the context of the research Porto Alegre Imaginada (Imagined Porto Alegre, we interviewed and photographed people that defined themselves as black, while they browsed their albums. Hearing their accounts, we sought to give visibility to a trajectory of citizens and a city that, most of the times, is unknown in official history as well as in traditional media spaces. In this text we want to contribute to the discussion about the use of photos in social research and its implications in the process of thinking identities and racial aspects of the metropolis. Este artigo traz reflexões sobre a processualidade de um estudo realizado a partir de álbuns de famílias de cidadãos negros em Porto Alegre. No contexto da pesquisa Porto Alegre Imaginada, entrevistamos e fotografamos pessoas que se autodefinem como negras, enquanto folheavam seus álbuns. Ao ouvir seus relatos e histórias, procuramos dar visibilidade a uma trajetória de cidadãos e a uma cidade que, na maioria das vezes, permanece desconhecida, tanto na história oficial como nos espaços midiáticos tradicionais. Neste texto, queremos contribuir para a discussão sobre a utilização de fotografias na pesquisa social, bem como sobre as implicações para pensar identidades e racializações na metrópole.

  1. Evaluation of Ubtan - A traditional indian skin care formulation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biswas, Rajarshi; Mukherjee, Pulok K; Kar, Amit; Bahadur, Shiv; Harwansh, Ranjit K; Biswas, Sayan; Al-Dhabi, Naif Abdullah; Duraipandiyan, V

    2016-11-04

    'Ubtan' is a traditional herbal formulation in the Indian system of medicine being used in India and its subcontinent for a long time. Several commercial skin care formulations are marketed throughout this region as the name of Ubtan. Therefore, it is worthwhile to evaluate Ubtan in respect of its efficacy as skin care formulation. The present study was designed for the preparation of Ubtan and standardization through the chromatographic techniques by using suitable phyto-markers. Further, its antioxidant, sun protection factor (SPF) and anti-tyrosinase potential have been explored. Four in-house formulations (UF-1, UF-2, UF-3 and UF-4) were prepared by mixing a varied quantity of each powdered plants, i.e. turmeric (Curcuma longa L.), Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) and sandalwood (Santalum album L.). Optimization of the formulations was made by evaluating its biological activity through in vitro assay. Evaluation of physicochemical properties of the optimized formulation (UF-1) has been carried out by analysis of pH, flow properties and stability. Moreover, RP-HPLC (reverse phase - high performance liquid chromatography) and HPTLC (high performance thin layer chromatography) standardization of UF-1 was performed for its quantitative and qualitative analysis. Ubtan formulations (UF-1to UF-4) showed free radical scavenging and ferric reducing potential. It may be due to its high phenolic and flavonoid content. Statistically, significant Pearson's correlation (r) was confirmed the positive correlation between phenolic content and SPF of the formulations. The tyrosinase inhibition study indicated that the formulations showed both diphenolase and monophenolase inhibitory activity. Among four formulations, UF-1 showed notable biological activity (p<0.05). The content of curcumin and ascorbic acid was found to be 1.6% and 2.1% w/w respectively in UF-1 through RP-HPLC estimation. Physiochemical properties of the UF-1 exhibited good flow rate and aqueous solubility. From

  2. Antibacterial activity of some medicinal plants against selected human pathogenic bacteria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khan, Usman Ali; Rahman, Hazir; Niaz, Zeeshan; Qasim, Muhammad; Khan, Jafar; Tayyaba; Rehman, Bushra

    2013-12-01

    Medicinal plants are traditionally used for the treatment of human infections. The present study was undertaken to investigate Bergenia ciliata, Jasminum officinale, and Santalum album for their potential activity against human bacterial pathogens. B. ciliata, J. officinale, and S. album extracts were prepared in cold and hot water. The activity of plant extracts and selected antibiotics was evaluated against five bacterial pathogens including Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus subtilis, Proteus vulgaris, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Escherichia coli using agar well diffusion method. Among the three medicinal plants, B. ciliata extracts displayed potential activity against bacterial pathogens. Cold water extract of Bergenia ciliate showed the highest activity against B. subtilis, which is comparable with a zone of inhibition exhibited by ceftriaxone and erythromycin. J. officinale and S. album extracts demonstrated variable antibacterial activity. Further studies are needed to explore the novel antibacterial bioactive molecules.

  3. Co-administration of chenopodium album allergens and CpG oligodeoxynucleotides effects on peripheral blood mononuclear cells of patients with Allergic Rhinitis treated with intranasal corticosteroids and antihistamines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farrokhi, Shokrollah; Mousavi, Tahereh; Arshi, Saba; Varasteh, Abdolreza; Rezaei, Nima; Salekmoghadam, Alireza

    2011-06-01

    Allergic Rhinitis (AR) is one of the most common chronic diseases in the developed countries. This study was performed to investigate the effect of CpG-ODN in alteration of T-helper (Th)1/Th2 balance of patients with AR treated with intranasal corticosteroids (INCs) and antihistamines. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of 20 patients with AR were isolated before and after 45 days therapy. Cytokine production (IL-4, IL-10, IL-13, IFN-γ) and specific Ch.a IgE in response to CpG co-administration of natural chenopodium album (CpG/Ch.a) or recombinant Ch.a (CpG/rCh.a) allergen were investigated in supernatants.of cultured PBMCs using ELISA Intracellular IL-10 was also assessed in CD4+ cells using flow cytometry. Significant increase in production of IFN-γ and IL-10 and decrease in production of IL-4 were found in supernatants of cultured PBMCs activated with CPG/ch.a and CPG/rch.a. of both CpG/Ch.a and CpG/rCh.a compared to allergens alone, before and after therapy. After therapy, IFN-γ production with CpG/Ch.a was significantly increased in comparison with before (237 vs. 44 pg/ml, p=0.001). IFN-γ and IL-10 production with CpG/rCh.a was significantly increased after therapy compared to before (407.6 vs. 109 pg/ml, p=0.01 for IFN-γ; 171.7 vs. 52.6 pg/ml, p=0.008 for IL-10), whilst IL-4 was significantly decreased (2.1 vs. 5.8 pg/ml, p=0.02). Intracellular IL-10 expression was also significantly increased in response to either CpG/Ch.a or CpG/rCh.a that showed intracellular assay could be more sensitive than ELISA. Also, treatment with intranasal corticosteroids and antihistamines could enhance this CpG effect, in vitro.

  4. Areeni aasta album 2001 / Andres Lõo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lõo, Andres, 1978-

    2001-01-01

    Areeni edetabel heliplaatidest: 1. N*E*R*D "In Search Of..."; 2. Moodymann "Forever-nevermore"; 3. Una Bomba "Aerosol"; 4. The Avalanches "Since I Left You"; 5. Blaze "Natural Blaze"; 6. Daft Punk "Discovery"; 7. The Strokes "Is This It"; 8. Cannibal Ox "The Cold Vein"; 9. Aphex Twin "Drukqs"; 10. Radiohead "Amnesiac"; 11. Super Furry Animals "Rings Around The World"; 12. The White Stripes "White Blood Cells"; 13. Ladytron "604"; 14. Spiritualized "Let It Come Down"; 15. Herbert "Bodily Functions"; 16. Mercury Rev "All Is Dream"; 17. Basement Jaxx "Rooty"; 18. Turin Brakes "The Optimist LP"; 19. Pulp "We Love Life"; 20. Mice Parade "Mokoondi".

  5. A 21st-Century Album

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fullerton, Jana

    2012-01-01

    The roots that Dr. Maria Montessori established are strong. Her understanding of children and learning continues to be relevant today. The content, sequence, and presentation of lessons still provide relevant learning experiences for today's students. Montessori teachers continue to present these lessons in ways that strike the imagination and…

  6. Álbum de família e esquizofrenia: convivência em retrato Álbum de la familia y esquizofrenia: convivencia en retrato Family album and schizophrenia: picture of life

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gisele da Silva

    2009-03-01

    ísticas saludables de la infancia del hijo acometido. Las narrativas sugirieron experiencia de culpa, sobrecarga emocional, fijación en el pasado y represión de los afectos. Se concluyó que, mismo después de largo tiempo de convivencia con el trastorno esquizofrénico, muchas heridas permanecen, a pesar de que de manera particular para cada madre, indicando la necesidad de atención psicológica junto a esa población.A schizophrenia diagnosis in the family frequently leaves to a severe and persistent psychological suffering. Considering this issue, the purpose of the study was to investigate the psychodynamic functioning in caring mothers of patients diagnosed with schizophrenia for at least five years. The instrument used was entitled Family Album, based on family pictures and the free associations about them. Three mothers were investigated by this proceeding and data were collected and treated by qualitative methodological approach. Results showed rare pictures of post-diagnosis moments, few pictures showing the father and a significant worry in emphasize healthy childhood of schizophrenic son. Data indicated guilty, emotional burden of care and difficulty to accept the new condition of their son. Concluding, even thus a lot of years living with the son’s condition, many difficulties remain, although in different ways for each mother. Therefore, psychological attention to this population is required.

  7. Entre flores e canhões na Grande Guerra (1914-1918: o final da Belle Époque e o começo do "breve século XX" em um álbum de retratos fotográficos Between flowers and cannons in the Great World War (1914-1918: the end of Belle Époque and the beginning of the "Brief 20th Century" in an album of portraits

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marco Antonio Stancik

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available O trabalho analisa oito retratos fotográficos pertencentes a um álbum de família alemão, sete dos quais datados dos tempos da Primeira Guerra Mundial (1914- 1918. As fotografias são abordadas como documentos e monumentos, de forma a evidenciar mudanças operadas na percepção do conflito, a partir de uma narrativa construída sob sua inspiração.The paper explores eight portraits of a German family album. Seven portraits dated the times of Great World War (1914-1918. The portraits are addressed as documents and monuments to reveal changes in the perception of conflict through the writing of a narrative related to selected photographs.

  8. Effect of Viscum album (mistletoe) on some serum enzymes, weight ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Group 3 took high salt (8% NaCl) diet + 1% NaCl drinking water and group 4 was fed same as group 3 + mistletoe extract (150mg/kg of body weight) orally once daily. These regimens lasted for six weeks. Results revealed reduction in body weight and enlargement of the liver in salt fed (untreated) group relative to other ...

  9. How many words can a wordless album have?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emma Bosch

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Wordless picturebooks are books that tell stories exclusively through images, that is, without making any use of words. All books contain a title, the name of the authors, the name of the publishing house and the acknowledgments. So Strictly speaking, no picturebooks are entirely wordless. But even relaxing this assertion slightly, the fact is that there are fewer wordless picturebooks than we might think. So how many words can a wordless picturebook have and still qualify as such? There is no real answer to the question: it depends on how strict our selection criteria are. This paper provides a typology of wordless picturebooks according to the words they contain. We explore essencial words (publishing details and titles, we analyze the comments on the story (author's and publisher's paratexts, and the texts that explain games (instructions. We also review the panorama of almost wordless picturebooks (books including words integrated in pictures and other texts and define the false wordless picturebooks (where the text is concentrated or hidden, with sonorous or repeated words. We present examples from different sources.

  10. Why buy an album? The motivations behind recorded music purchases

    OpenAIRE

    Brown, Steven; Knox, Don

    2016-01-01

    The present study examined why music fans choose to buy recorded music given the multitude of other ways to listen to music without payment. A sample of 135 participants (68.88% female) with a mean age of 29.05 years completed an open-ended questionnaire. These written responses were analysed thematically. Two key themes were identified: Short-term comparisons, and Long-term considerations. Motivations focused on value-maximisation across both themes, with short-term comparisons including how...

  11. Germination of Chenopodium album in response to microwave plasma treatment

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Šerá, Božena; Straňák, V.; Šerý, M.; Tichý, M.; Špatenka, P.

    2008-01-01

    Roč. 10, č. 4 (2008), s. 506-511 ISSN 1009-0630 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z60870520 Keywords : sulfatron discharge * germination * seed stimulation * early growth * Lambs Quarters Subject RIV: BO - Biophysics Impact factor: 0.402, year: 2008

  12. Sex reversal and its meiotic transmission in dioecious Melandrium album

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Vyskot, Boris; Janoušek, Bohuslav

    1998-01-01

    Roč. 49, - (1998), s. 72 ISSN 0022-0957. [SEB Annual Meeting. York, 23.03.1998-27.03.1998] R&D Projects: GA AV ČR IAA5004601 Institutional research plan: CEZ:A17/98:Z5-004-9-ii Subject RIV: EB - Genetics ; Molecular Biology Impact factor: 2.218, year: 1998

  13. Top 10 Baltic albums of 2004 / Guntar Racs

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Racs, Guntar

    2004-01-01

    Heliplaatidest: Vanilla Ninja "Traces of Sadness", Skamp "Reach", Detlef "Tu izliecies par sevi", Raimonds Pauls "Crossroads", Hedwig Hanson "What Color Is Love", Livi "Pari visam", Tumsa "1 000 000 ltneka", The Hobos "Radio Jah Jah", Mary Jane "L.I.V.E.", Pete Anderson "Sentimental"

  14. Top 10 Estonian albums of 2004 / Igor Garshnek

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Garšnek, Igor, 1958-

    2004-01-01

    Heliplaatidest: Arvo Pärt "Pro et contra", Various composers "Baltic Voices 2", Raimo Kangro "Displays", Toivo Tulev "Be Lost in the Call", Indrek Vau and Mati Mikalai "Estonian Trumpet Music", Erdmann/Sooäär "Dessert Time, Peer Gynt & Other Stories", Alo Mattiisen "50 parimat laulu", Riho Sibul "Must", Rein Rannap "Tantsib klaveril", Eesti Keeled "Kella tiksumist..."

  15. Forest pathology in Hawaii

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gardner, D.E.

    2003-01-01

    Native Hawaiian forests are characterised by a high degree of endemism, including pathogens as well as their hosts. With the exceptions of koa (Acacia koa Gray), possibly maile (Alyxia oliviformis Gaud.), and, in the past, sandalwood (Santalum spp.), forest species are of little commercial value. On the other hand, these forests are immensely important from a cultural, ecological, and evolutionary standpoint. Forest disease research was lacking during the mid-twentieth century, but increased markedly with the recognition of ohia (Metrosideros polymorpha Gaud.) decline in the 1970s. Because many pathogens are themselves endemic, or are assumed to be, having evolved with their hosts, research emphasis in natural areas is on understanding host-parasite interactions and evolutionary influences, rather than disease control. Aside from management of native forests, attempts at establishing a commercial forest industry have included importation of several species of pine, Araucaria, and Eucalyptus as timber crops, and of numerous ornamentals. Diseases of these species have been introduced with their hosts. The attacking of native species by introduced pathogens is problematic - for example, Armillaria mellea (Vahl ex Fr.) Que??l. on koa and mamane (Sophora chrysophylla (Salisb.) Seem.). Much work remains to be done in both native and commercial aspects of Hawaiian forest pathology.

  16. [Evaluation of efficiency of traps baited with frequency trembler grid lamps and trap plants for control Heortia vitessoides infectwed in Aquilaria sinensis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qiao, Hai-Li; Xu, Chang-Qing; Xu, Rong; Guo, Kun; Wei, Jian-He; Li, Xiang-Ming; Chen, Jun

    2016-06-01

    Heortia vitessoides has been a serious defoliating pest of Aquilaria sinensis forests in recent years.The adults displayed strong tropism to the frequency trembler grid lamps and the nectar source plants.The favorite nectar source plants of H.vitessoides adults as the trap plants and the frequency trembler grid lamps in the integrated management of H.vitessoides were studied in the adult eclosion period through both the laboratory and field.The results showed that Kuhnia rosmarnifolia and Santalum album plants showed strong attraction to the H.vitessoides adults, with significant differences among the different nectar source plants.K.rosmarnifolia and S.album as trap plants with board type of planting area to total planting area of 5%-10%, and the frequency trembler grid lamps trapped significantly more adults of H.vitessoides. These results suggested that the frequency trembler grid lamps and trap plants could play an important role in the integrated management of the pest H.vitessoides of A.sinensis. Copyright© by the Chinese Pharmaceutical Association.

  17. Album covers of Continental label in the 70’s: popular music and visual experimentalism

    OpenAIRE

    Vargas, Herom; Universidade Municipal de São Caetano do Sul (USCS-SP)

    2013-01-01

    Neste artigo, proponho discutir as inovações de algumas capas de discos de um conjunto de artistas experimentais da MPB nos anos 1970, lançados pela gravadora Continental, sediada em São Paulo. Esses álbuns, cujo design tentou traduzir para o campo visual os projetos estéticos de compositores e músicos, foram inspirados na contracultura, na tentativa de criar novas formas de expressão durante a ditadura militar. Discos de quatro artistas...

  18. EL (MUY) NUEVO TRAJE DEL EMPERADOR: EL LIBRO-ALBUM EN LA LIJ ACTUAL

    OpenAIRE

    cabrera, Roberto

    2012-01-01

    Los textos literarios para niños han existido desde tiempos inmemoriales, aunque su presencia en el imaginario de la literatura universal esté marcada por las compilaciones de textos de raíz folclórica, registradas primero en Francia, a finales del siglo XVII, de la mano de Charles Perrault y luego en Alemania a mediados del XIX, por medio de los hermanos Grimm. El hito que suponen estas colecciones constituye, en lo concreto, un marco para las dinámicas y prácticas escriturales de quienes or...

  19. Albums of “El Buen Tono”. Photography and social catholicism (Mexico, 1894-1909

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thelma Camacho Morfín

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we argue that Ernesto Pugibet, founder of the cigarette factory “El Buen Tono”, established that industry in Mexico in 1885 inspired by Social Catholicism. He was trying to combine the most recent technology with the improvement of his worker’s quality of life. He also upholded that they should had access to a healthy amusement. Although he never wrote about his beliefs, the photographs he chose to promote his business show visually the social project of its creator.

  20. Pop nädal : popuudised. UK Album Chart Top 20

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2002-01-01

    1. juulil tuleb müügile ansambli Prodigy uus singel "Baby's Got a Temper". Pet Shop Boys'i uue albumi "Release" tuuri avakontsert oli Hispaanias. Inglise juhtiv synth-electropop-artist Mesh planeerib oma teist turneed Euroopas, Põhja- ja Kesk-Ameerikas, Rootsis ja Venemaal. Depeche Mode'i liikmed lõpetavad oma sooloalbumeid. Rammsteini kontsert Moskvas 19. juulil jääb ära

  1. Washington View: Not a Snapshot of Public Opinion but an Album

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferguson, Maria

    2015-01-01

    The columnist weighs in on the most recent PDK/Gallup poll. The real value of the poll, the author says, comes from looking at each response and then thinking about the connective tissue between and among them. The poll's 47-year history adds yet another layer of rich context. Uniquely, the poll provides not a snapshot of public opinion, rather an…

  2. Comparison of the pathogenicity, growth, sporulation and morphology of Pezicula alba Guthrie (Gloeosporium album Osterw.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. Borecka

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Sixteen isolates of Pezicula alba Guthr. were examined. The intensity of growth on various media, pathogenicity to apple fruits and twigs, colour of cultures and size of conidia were measured. Some isolates are pathogenic to fruits, some others to twigs; one isolate (only no. 19 is pathogenic to both twigs and fruits; many isolates are not - pathogenic at all. Culture growth, sporulation and size of conidia are not correlated with the pathogenicity of the isolate. The mean size of conidia is 21.29µm x 3.48µm.

  3. Effect crude extract of Viscum album (mistletoe) on plasma lipids: an ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    loading. The treated groups received the crude extract ... Finally the extract also produced about 34.5% and 8.3% depression of blood pressure of the hypertensives and normotensives respectively. Conclusion: We suggest the reduction of ...

  4. Vanim humanistlik album amicorum Eestis : Alciato "Embleemid" Georg Locameruse reisialbumina / Katre Kaju, Kristi Viiding

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaju, Katre, 1974-

    2014-01-01

    Varastest reisialbumitest. Georg Locamerusest ja reisialbumi sisseseadmisest. Locameruse reisialbumi raamatuloolistest ja paleograafilistest aspektidest. Reisialbumist kui selektiivse ja idealiseeritud sotsiaalse võrgustiku peegeldajast. Albumi keelelisest ja kirjanduslikust profiilist. Reisialbumi teekonnast Tartu ülikooli raamatukokku. Editeerimispõhimõtetest

  5. El album ilustrado: un mundo de posibilidades en el aprendizaje infantil y familiar

    OpenAIRE

    Canela Álvarez, Clara

    2017-01-01

    Las historias, narradas en diferentes formas, y los libros han formado parte de la infancia en las diferentes culturas y a lo largo de la Historia durante generaciones. A través de ellas, los niños aprenden y disfrutan a partes iguales, generan conocimientos prácticos, conectan con sus emociones, descubren valores y desarrollan la experiencia lectora. Dentro de la literatura infantil, el género del álbum ilustrado destaca como un medio ideal para contener historias, un continente lleno de pos...

  6. Inventaire des albums pour enfants publiés par Robert Delpire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cécile Boulaire

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Collection 10 sur 10L’ANSELME Jean, FRANÇOIS André, On vous l’a dit ? Paris : Delpire, 1955. (Impr. moderne du Lion In-fol., 32 p., fig. et couv. en coul. 950 fr. Pas de mention de collection.FRANÇOIS André, Les larmes de crocodile. Paris : Delpire, 1955. In-4° oblong, 38 p., 380 fr.Il existe une « pré-publication » des Larmes de crocodile en avril 1953 dans le n° 9 de la revue Neuf. La mention de collection « Dix sur dix » n’apparaît que sur l’exemplaire du dépôt légal de 1968, en nouveaux ...

  7. Manipulation of the Family Photo Album: Esther Parada's Transplant--A Tale of Three Continents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eggemeyer, Valerie

    2004-01-01

    In this article, the author focuses on Esther Parada's non-traditional use of the Web to communicate her art, and offers a critique of Parada's work, "Transplant: A Tale of Three Continents," and suggestions for critiquing Web art in the school classroom. Parada creates an intersection between this new medium and the more traditional medium of…

  8. Allopolyploid Origin of Chenopodium album s. str. (Chenopodiaceae): A Molecular and Cytogenetic Insight

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Krak, Karol; Vít, Petr; Belyayev, Alexander; Douda, Jan; Hreusová, Lucia; Mandák, Bohumil

    2016-01-01

    Roč. 11, č. 8 (2016), s. 1-22, č. článku e0161063. E-ISSN 1932-6203 R&D Projects: GA ČR GA13-02290S Institutional support: RVO:67985939 Keywords : Chenopodium * allopolyploidy * evolution Subject RIV: EF - Botanics Impact factor: 2.806, year: 2016

  9. Uudised : Ilmub eesti kammermuusika album. RAM ja Jaan-Eik Tulve. TÜ naiskoor 55 / Joosep Sang

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sang, Joosep

    2000-01-01

    ER poolt välja antud eesti kammermuusika albumist "Significatio", mille esitlus toimub 17. märtsil Assauwe tornis. 11. märtsil Pärnus ja 15. märtsil Viljandis toimunud RAMi kontsertidest, juhatas J.-E. Tulve. 4. märtsil alustas TÜ naiskoor oma 55. sünnipäevale pühendatud kontserdiseeriat. Ilmus ka naiskoori esimene CD-plaat "Tähemõrsja", millel V. Tormise naiskoorimuusika

  10. Exploring Elephant Seals in New Jersey: Preschoolers Use Collaborative Multimedia Albums

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fantozzi, Victoria B.

    2012-01-01

    VoiceThread is a website that allows users to create multimedia slideshows, or "threads," and then open these threads to other users for commentary or collaboration. This article shares the experiences of one multiage (3- to 5-year-olds) preschool classroom's use of VoiceThread. The purpose of the article is to introduce early childhood educators…

  11. Antifungal and antioxidant activities of Coleonema album and C. pulchellum against skin diseases

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Fajinmi, O. O.; Grúz, Jiří; Tarkowski, P.; Kulkarni, M. G.; Finnie, J. F.; Van Staden, J.

    2017-01-01

    Roč. 55, č. 1 (2017), s. 1249-1255 ISSN 1388-0209 R&D Projects: GA MŠk(CZ) LO1204 Institutional support: RVO:61389030 Keywords : Atopic dermatitis * Trichophyton mentagrophytes * Trichophyton rubrum Subject RIV: EB - Genetics ; Molecular Biology OBOR OECD: Dermatology and venereal diseases Impact factor: 1.916, year: 2016 http://gateway.isiknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcAuth=Alerting&SrcApp=Alerting&DestApp=MEDLINE&DestLinkType=FullRecord&UT=28262031

  12. Contact allergy to essential oils cannot always be predicted from allergy to fragrance markers in the baseline series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sabroe, Ruth A; Holden, Catherine R; Gawkrodger, David J

    2016-04-01

    Essential oils are fragrance substances that are labelled on cosmetic products by their INCI names, potentially confusing consumers. To establish whether contact allergy to essential oils might be missed if not specifically tested for. We tested 471 patients with 14 essential oils and 2104 patients with Melaleuca alternifolia oil between January 2008 and June 2014. All patients were tested with fragrance mix I, fragrance mix II, hydroxyisohexyl 3-cyclohexene carboxaldehyde, and Myroxylon pereirae. Three hundred and twenty-six patients were tested with hydroperoxides of limonene and linalool. Thirty-four patients had a +/++/+++ reaction to at least one essential oil. Eleven had no reaction to any of the six marker fragrance substances. Thus, 4 of 11 positive reactions to M. alternifolia oil, 2 of 7 reactions to Cymbopogon flexuosus oil, 1 of 5 reactions to Cananga odorata oil, 3 of 4 reactions to Santalum album oil and 2 of 3 reactions to Mentha piperita oil would have been missed without individual testing. A small number of patients who are allergic to essential oils could be missed if these are not specifically tested. Labelling by INCI names means that exposure may not be obvious. Careful inspection of so-called 'natural' products and targeted testing is recommended. © 2016 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  13. In Vitro Activity of Twenty Commercially Available, Plant-Derived Essential Oils against Selected Dermatophyte Species.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nardoni, Simona; Giovanelli, Silvia; Pistelli, Luisa; Mugnaini, Linda; Profili, Greta; Pisseri, Francesca; Mancianti, Francesca

    2015-08-01

    The in vitro activity of twenty chemically defined essential oils (EOs) obtained from Boswellia sacra, Citrus bergamia, C. limon, C. medica, Cinnamomum zeylanicum, Eucalyptus globulus, Foeniculum vulgare, Helichrysum italicum, Illicium verum, Litsea cubeba, Mentha spicata, Myrtus communis, Ocimum basilicum, Origanum majorana, O. vulgare, Pelargonium graveolens, Rosmarinus officinalis, Santalum album, Satureja montana, and Thymus serpyllum was assayed against clinical animal isolates of Microsporum canis, Trichophyton mentagrophytes, T. erinacei, T. terrestre and Microsporum gypseum, main causative agents of zoonotic and/or environmental dermatophytoses in humans. Single main components present in high amounts in such EOs were also tested. Different dermatophyte species showed remarkable differences in sensitivity. In general, more effective EOs were T. serpyllum (MIC range 0.025%-0.25%), O. vulgare (MIC range 0.025%-0.5%) and L. cubeba (MIC range 0.025%-1.5%). F. vulgare showed a moderate efficacy against geophilic species such as M gypseum and T terrestre. Among single main components tested, neral was the most active (MIC and MFC values 5 0.25%). The results of the present study seem to be promising for an in vivo use of some assayed EOs.

  14. La confusion des genres : album « mixte » et littératie

    OpenAIRE

    Richard-Principalli Patricia; Fradet Marie-Françoise

    2015-01-01

    Dans le cadre des travaux de Circeft-Escol sur la littératie scolaire et en particulier sur les supports d'apprentissage actuels, cette analyse envisage l'étude d'un texte « composite » dans une classe de Cours préparatoire de l'école élémentaire en ZEP, en juin 2012. Une si petite graine, d'Eric Carle (2003, Mijade Jeunesse), donne ainsi à lire l'évolution d'une graine, de la germination à la fleur, présentée dans sa nature cyclique liée à la succession des saisons. Sa visée semble donc info...

  15. A Visual Culture Art Education Curriculum for Early Childhood Teacher Education: Re-Constructing the Family Album

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trafi, Laura

    2008-01-01

    This article reflects on the reading and writing of an art education curriculum for teacher education centred on the biographical and social reconstruction of childhood. The foundations of this curriculum interconnect ideas from different fields like postmodern childhood studies, visual studies, and the performance of subjectivity and memory. This…

  16. ANALISIS TIPOGRAFI PADA LOGOTYPE BAND FORGOTTEN

    OpenAIRE

    Atang Riyan Isnandar; wantoro wantoro wantoro

    2016-01-01

    Abstrak Forgotten merupakan band asal kota Bandung yang beraliran death metal. Band ini telah memiliki beberapa album yang cukup sukses. Salah satu faktor yang turut berperan penting dalam album-album Forgotten adalah desain sampul album. Sampul album merupakan identitas dan pesan dari musik yang dibawakan oleh Forgotten. Dalam sampul album, terdapat salah satu elemen visual yaitu Tipografi. Salah satu peran tipografi dalam sampul album Forgotten adalah sebagai logotype dari band. Yang menar...

  17. A first telecoupling analysis of multi-species poaching trade in Nepal: When outside demands seek and distribute a local resource in times of globalization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Regmi, G. R.; Lama, R. P.; Puri, G.; Huettmann, F.

    2016-12-01

    Asia remains one of the last wilderness resources in the world. It's widely praised for those resources and they are in a global appreciation and demand. Considering open borders, many of them virtually uncontrollable in Asia, and globalization in full swing, precious local resources become available to a global audience without much constraint though. Nepal and its unique biodiversity presents us with one of such cases while hard data remain elusive. Here we present a first telecoupling analysis based on poaching and crime statistics presented in the public print national daily newspapers (Kantipur and Gorkhapatra) in Nepal. This review highlights a few high-profile species (timber: Sal Shorea robusta , Sissoo Dalbergia sissoo, Pine Pinus species; aromatic and medicinal plants: Red Sandal Wood Santalum album, Orchid Orchid species, Paris Paris polyphylla, Jatamashi Nardostachys grandiflora, Kutki Picrorhyza scrophulariiflora and wildlife: Royal Bengal Tiger Panthera tigris tigris, Rhino Rhinoceros unicornis, Pangolin Manis species, Common Leopard Panthera pardus, Red Panda Ailurus fulgens, Snow Leopard Panthera uncia) in Nepal, traded out directly and illegally to India and China. We provide a wider perspective regarding sending, receiving and spill-over agents. Arguably, the western world as the spill-over agent set up a globalization framework that allows for items, virtually any items, to be shipped across borders, e.g. done on foot, by car or plane. It further allows to create and satisfy a demand by the receiver (=nations in wider Asia), and a system that circumvents the legal structure in the sending location (=Nepal and its biodiversity hotspots and wilderness). We extend the traditional telecoupling analysis with a flow analysis of money, remittance payments and banking networks. This research describes for the first time such a system which is by now essentially found worldwide, how it operates, what devastating impacts it leaves behind on landscapes, and

  18. Fumigant and contact toxicity of 22 wooden essential oils and their major components against Drosophila suzukii (Diptera: Drosophilidae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Junheon; Jang, Miyeon; Shin, Eunsik; Kim, Jeongmin; Lee, Si Hyeock; Park, Chung Gyoo

    2016-10-01

    Fumigant and contact toxicities of 22 plant essential oils (EOs) from 14 families and their constituents against the adult spotted wing drosophila (SWD), Drosophila suzukii were examined. Analyses by GC, GC-MS, and NMR led to the identification of 2, 16, 13, 4, 6, 9, and 10 compounds from Gaultheria fragrantissima, Croton anistatum, Illicium verum, Liquidamabar orientalis, Cinnamomum cassia, Rosa damasena, and Santalum album, respectively. In fumigant toxicity test, G. fragrantissima, C. anistatum, and I. verum exhibited 100, 93.8, and 95.8, and 100, 70.0, and 80.0% mortalities against the adult male and female SWD at 4.41mg/L air, respectively. LC 50 values (mg/L air) of G. fragrantissima, C. anistatum, and I. verum were 3.46, 3.67, and 3.16 against male, and 3.48, 4.31, and 4.01 against female SWD. LC 50 values (mg/L air) of methyl salicylate and trans-anethole were 2.17 and 1.75 against male and 2.65 and 3.00 against female SWD, respectively. In contact toxicity tests, L. orientalis, C. cassia, R. damasena, and S. album showed insecticidal activity with LD 50 values (μg/fly) of 2.64, 1.84, 3.40 and 2.18 against male SWD and of 3.74, 2.24, 8.91 and 5.61 against female SWD, respectively. 2-Phehy-1-ethanol, 3-phenyl-1-propanol, trans-cinnamaldehyde, trans-cinnamyl alcohol, and α-santalol also exhibited insecticidal activity with LD 50 values of 9.79, 5.52, 2.39, 3.02 and 2.37 against male SWD and of 11.77, 7.04, 2.94, 3.32, and 3.99 against female SWD, respectively. trans-Cinnamaldehyde exhibited the highest AChE inhibition but its inhibition is likely due to a non-specific chemical inhibition. Our results indicate that wooden EOs and their components can be used as fumigants or spray-type control agents against SWD. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  19. Positive Patch-Test Reactions to Essential Oils in Consecutive Patients From North America and Central Europe.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Warshaw, Erin M; Zug, Kathryn A; Belsito, Donald V; Fowler, Joseph F; DeKoven, Joel G; Sasseville, Denis; Maibach, Howard I; Mathias, C G Toby; DeLeo, Vincent A; Taylor, James S; Fransway, Anthony F; Marks, James G; Pratt, Melanie D; Zirwas, Matthew J; Geier, Johannes; Uter, Wolfgang

    Synthetic fragrances and natural essential oils (EOs) are used in perfumery and found in various cosmetics. Essential oils are also increasingly used to promote wellness. In previous studies, the sensitization potential of some EOs has been identified; however, the current prevalence of sensitivity is largely unknown. The aim of this study was to determine frequency of positive patch-test reactions to EOs tested in the baseline series, along with 3 fragrance markers (FMs) (fragrance mix I, fragrance mix II, and Myroxylon pereirae), in consecutive patients in the US/Canadian North American Contact Dermatitis Group (NACDG) (2009-2014) and the central European, trinational Information Network of Departments of Dermatology (IVDK) (2010-2014). This study used a retrospective analysis of patch-test results and relevant demographic/clinical data collected electronically by the networks, obtained with Santalum album 10% petrolatum (pet) (IVDK only); Cananga odorata 2% (NACDG) and 10% (IVDK) pet; Jasminum species 2% (NACDG) and 5% (IVDK) pet; Mentha piperita 2% pet; Melaleuca alternifolia, oxidized (tea tree oil), 5% pet; and Lavandula angustifolia 2% pet (latter 3 NACDG only). Overall, 62,354 patients were tested to 3 FMs and EOs (NACDG, 13,398; IVDK, 48,956); 11,568 (18.6%) reacted to at least 1 FM or EO, whereas 857 (1.4%) reacted to 1 or more EOs but none of the 3 FMs. For both the NACDG and IVDK populations, individuals who were positive to 1 or more of the 9 study allergens were significantly less likely to be male, have occupational skin disease, or have hand involvement and significantly more likely to have leg dermatitis and be 40 years and older (P's ≤ 0.005). Prevalence rates for EOs were as follows: S. album, 1.4% IVDK; C. odorata, 1.1% NACDG and 2.4% IVDK; Jasminum species, 0.7% NACDG and 1.4% IVDK; M. piperita, 0.9% NACDG; L. angustifolia, 0.3% NACDG; and M. alternifolia, 0.3% NACDG. Of the 140 NACDG patients who reacted to 1 or more of the 5 NACDG EOs but

  20. Differential effects of historical migration, glaciations and human impact on the genetic structure and diversity of the mountain pasture weed Veratrum album L

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Treier, Urs; Müller-Schärer, H.

    2011-01-01

    grasslands. Location  Continental Europe. Methods  Forty populations from the Asian border (Urals and Caucasus) to Portugal were studied using amplified fragment length polymorphisms (AFLPs) combined with selected plant and population measures. The data were analysed with phylogenetic, population genetic...... not agree with the expectations from east–west migration into Europe. Furthermore, managed habitats showed higher levels of genetic diversity compared to unmanaged habitats. Stepwise linear regression determined shoot density and soil phosphorus as the main predictors of within-population genetic diversity...

  1. From Thandi the Maid to Thandi the Madam: Domestic Workers in the Archives of Afrikaans Literature and a Family Photograph Album.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jansen, E.

    2011-01-01

    The article's central preoccupation is with the dialectic of presence/absence in the tense and intense relations of intimacy and distance in domestic service. In its mix of cultural, economic and political history, literary analysis and autobiography, the article traces the representation of South

  2. Inhibitory Activities of Zygophyllum album: A Natural Weight-Lowering Plant on Key Enzymes in High-Fat Diet-Fed Rats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kais Mnafgui

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Obesity is a serious health problem that increased risk for many complications, including diabetes and cardiovascular disease. The results showed EZA, which found rich in flavonoids and phenolic compounds, exhibited an inhibitory activity on pancreatic lipase in vitro with IC50 of 91.07 μg/mL. In vivo administration of this extract to HFD-rats lowered body weight and serum leptin level; and inhibited lipase activity of obese rats by 37% leading to notable decrease of T-Ch, TGs and LDL-c levels accompanied with an increase in HDL-c concentration in serum and liver of EZA treated HFD-rats. Moreover, the findings revealed that EZA helped to protect liver tissue from the appearance of fatty cysts. Interestingly, supplementation of EZA modulated key enzyme related to hypertension such as ACE by 36% in serum of HFD animals and improve some of serum electrolytes such as Na+, K+, Cl−, Ca2+ and Mg2+. Moreover, EZA significantly protected the liver-kidney function by reverted back near to normal the values of the liver-kidney dysfunction indices AST&ALT, ALP, CPK and GGT activities, decreased T-Bili, creat, urea and uric acid rates. In conclusion, these results showed a strong antihypelipidemic effect of EZA which can delay the occurrence of dislipidemia and hypertension.

  3. Effect of home processing and storage on ascorbic acid and beta-carotene content of Bathua (Chenopodium album) and fenugreek (Trigonella foenum graecum) leaves.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yadav, S K; Sehgal, S

    1997-01-01

    The present investigation was conducted to study the effect of selected processing and storage methods on the concentration of ascorbic acid and beta-carotene in Bathua and fenugreek leaves. Methods included storage of leaves with or without polythene bags for 24 and 48 h in a refrigerator at 5 degrees C; at 30 degrees C in polythene bags; drying (sun and oven); blanching (5, 10, 15 min); open pan and pressure cooking. Ascorbic acid content of fresh leaves was 220.97 to 377.65 mg and beta-carotene content was 19.00 to 24.64 mg/100 g, DW. The percent loss of ascorbic acid ranged from 2.03 to 8.77 and 45.15 to 66.9 while lower losses (0.0 to 1.75 and 1.63 to 2.84) of beta-carotene were observed in leaves stored in the refrigerator and at 30 degrees C, respectively. A markedly greater reduction in ascorbic acid and beta-carotene was observed in dried, blanched and cooked leaves. The study data suggest that storage of leaves in refrigeration, drying in oven, blanching for a short time and cooking in a pressure cooker results in better retention of these two vitamins.

  4. Is hybridization involved in the evolution of the Chenopodium album aggregate? An analysis based on chromosome counts and genome size estimation

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Mandák, Bohumil; Trávníček, Pavel; Paštová, Ladislava; Kořínková, Dana

    2012-01-01

    Roč. 270, č. 7 (2012), s. 530-540 ISSN 0367-2530 R&D Projects: GA ČR GA206/09/1126 Institutional support: RVO:67985939 Keywords : Chenopodium * hybridization * polyploidization Subject RIV: EF - Botanics Impact factor: 1.716, year: 2012

  5. The Natural Compound Dansameum Reduces foam Cell Formation by Downregulating CD36 and Peroxisome Proliferator-activated Receptor-gamma; Expression.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Kang-Seo; Ahn, Sang Hyun; Lee, Kang Pa; Park, Sun-Young; Cheon, Jin Hong; Choi, Jun-Yong; Kim, Kibong

    2018-01-01

    Atherosclerosis-induced vascular disorders are major causes of death in most western countries. During the development of atherosclerotic lesions, foam cell formation is essential and formed through the expression of CD36 and the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPAR-γ). To investigate whether dansameum extract (DSE) could show anti-atherosclerotic effect through down-regulating cellular redox state including CD36 and PARP-γ expression in oxidative low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL)-treated RAW264.7 cells and on differentiated foam cells in ApoE Knockout (ApoE-/-) mice. The Korean polyherbal medicine DSE was prepared from three plants in the following proportions: 40 g of Salvia miltiorrhiza root, 4 g of Amomumxanthioides fruit, and 4 g of Santalum album lignum. The immunohistochemistry and reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction was used for analysis of protein and mRNA involved in foam cell formation. We first showed that effects of DSE on foam cell formation in both oxLDL-induced RAW264.7 cells and in blood vessels from apolipoprotein E deficientApoE-/- mice with high fat diet-fed. DSE treatment significantly reduced the expression of CD36 and PPAR-γ in oxLDL-stimulated RAW264.7 cells and ApoE-/-mice, in the latter case by regulating heme oxygenase-1. Furthermore, DSE treatment also reduced cellular lipid content in vitro and in vivo experiments. Our data suggest that DSE may have anti-atherosclerotic properties through regulating foam cell formation. Dansameum extract (DSE) Regulates the expression of CD36 and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma in oxidative low-density lipoprotein-stimulated RAW264.7 Cells and ApoE Knockout (ApoE Knockout [ApoE-/-]) miceDSE Regulates Cholesterol Levels in the Serum of ApoE-deficient (ApoE-/-) miceDSE Reduced the Formation of Foam Cells by Regulating heme oxygenase-1 in ApoE-/- mice with high fat diet-fed. Abbreviations used: DSE: Dansameum extract, PPAR-γ: Peroxisome proliferator

  6. Evaluation of DEET and eight essential oils for repellency against nymphs of the lone star tick, Amblyomma americanum (Acari: Ixodidae)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eight commercially available essential oils (oregano, clove, thyme, vetiver, sandalwood, cinnamon, cedarwood, and peppermint) were evaluated for repellency against host-seeking nymphs of the lone star tick, Amblyomma americanum. Concentration- repellency response was established using the vertical ...

  7. ’Kto Bogu wiernie służy, temu wiek szczęśnie płuzy’. Czech-Polish relations in light of the album amicorum of the Moravian calvinist Jan Opsimathes

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Kostlán, Antonín

    46-47, 22/23 (2009), s. 59-97 ISSN 0231-5955 R&D Projects: GA AV ČR IAA800630802 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z80630520 Keywords : early modern Czech history * Czech-Polish relations * calvinism Subject RIV: AB - History

  8. Albumen protein and functional properties of gelation and foaming Proteínas do albume e propriedades fucionais de gelatinização e formação de espuma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Cláudia Carraro Alleoni

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available Hen eggwhite proteins have been extensively utilized as ingredients in food processing because of their unique functional properties, such as gelling and foaming. This work reviews the molecular basis of the eggwhite proteins targeting the development of these functional properties during processing.As proteínas da clara do ovo de galinha têm sido extensivamente usadas como ingredientes em alimentos processados, devido às suas propriedades funcionais, tais como gelatinização e formação de espuma. Essa revisão aborda as bases moleculares das proteínas da clara do ovo para o desenvolvimento dessas propriedades funcionais durante o processamento.

  9. Is there nothing new under the sun? The influence of herbals and pharmacopoeias on ethnobotanical traditions in Albacete (Spain).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rivera, Diego; Verde, Alonso; Obón, Concepción; Alcaraz, Francisco; Moreno, Candelaria; Egea, Teresa; Fajardo, José; Palazón, José Antonio; Valdés, Arturo; Signorini, Maria Adele; Bruschi, Piero

    2017-01-04

    scammonia, pistils of Crocus sativus, grapes and raisins (Vitis vinifera), rhizomes of Zingiber officinale, bark of Cinnamomum verum, leaves and fruits of Olea europaea, mastic generally of Pistacia lentiscus, and wood of Santalum album. The statistical analysis of sources produces four well-separated clusters (Renaissance Herbals and Pharmacopoeias, Ethnobotany and Folk Medicine, Old phytotherapy, and Modern phytotherapy including Naturopathy) confirming our a priori classification. The clade of Renaissance Herbals and Pharmacopoeias appears separated from the rest in 97% of bootstrapped trees. Bayesian inference produces a tree determined by an initial set of two well-distinct core groups of ingredients: 64, locally used in Mediterranean Europe during centuries; and 45, imported, used in pharmacy during centuries. Complexity reached its maximum in Albacete 1526 and contemporary pharmacopoeias, gradually decreasing over time. The analysis of medicinal uses of the top 10 ingredients showed low coincidence between Dioscorides and different Renaissance herbals or medical treatises and of all of them with ethnobotany in Albacete. Regarding our question: is there something new under the sun? In some aspects, the answer is "No". The contrast between expensive drugs, highly valued medicines, and unappreciated local wild medicinal plants persists since the Salerno's school of medicine. Old medicine in Mediterranean Europe, as reflected by Albacete 1526 tariff of medicines, involved strict formulations and preferences for certain ingredients despite other ingredients locally available but underappreciated. This confirms the fact that any system of medicine does not get to use all available resources. Ethnobiological records of materia medica, in rural areas of Albacete, describe systems with a high degree of stability and resilience, where the use of local resources, largely wild but also cultivated, is predominant in contrast with the weight of imported exotic products in pharmacy

  10. Impact of essential oils on mycelial growth of Botrytis cinerea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Slavko Grgić

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to determine the effect of 22 essential oils (anise, thyme, cumin, peppermint, lavender, sage, lemon balm, rosemary, myrtle, cinnamon leaf, basil, white pine, eucalyptus, cedar, bergamot, mandarin, cypress, patchouli, ginger, bitter orange, sandalwood, camphor on the growth of gray mold fungus Botrytis cinerea. The experiment was performed in vitro on PDA medium in 2 repetitions. Oils were applied in three amounts (3, 5 and 7 μl, and the mycelial growth was measured after three and nine days of incubation. All oils, except oils of bitter orange, sandalwood and camphor, have shown a certain antifungal activity. Compared to the water control, thyme and anise oil have shown the best antifungal activity, while for oils of bitter orange, sandalwood and camphor a stimulating effect on a growth of fungus B. cinerea was determined.

  11. El álbum ilustrado en la enseñanza de lenguas extranjeras: literatura y lengua

    OpenAIRE

    Dotras Bravo, Alexia

    2013-01-01

    Con este trabajo pretendo ahondar en el mundo del album Uustrado en espanol (ya sea en el idioma original 0 traducci6n) para realizar actividades y aproximaciones a la lengua extranjera desde una perspectiva mas estetica y desde una visi6n hldica. Para ella me voy a aproximar al marco te6rico sobre el album ilustrado internacional yespaiiol, dando cuenta del mundo editorial espanol, para acabar con algunos ejemplos practicos de album ilustrado de referencia metalingiiistica....

  12. [Uued heliplaadid] / Siim Nestor

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Nestor, Siim, 1974-

    1999-01-01

    Heliplaatide tutvustus : Jamiroquai "Synkronized", Brandi Ifgray "Stargazer", Natalie Cole "Snowfall On the Sahara", Pizzicato Five "Playboy Playgirl", Erinevad esitajad "Marvin is 60 - A Tribute Album"

  13. Fascinating Organic Molecules from Nature

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Resonance – Journal of Science Education; Volume 17; Issue 10. Fascinating Organic Molecules from Nature - Some Exotic Red Pigments of Plant Origin. N R Krishnaswamy C N ... Keywords. Pigments of red sandalwood; Safflower; chica red; Brazil wood; Dragon's blood; Miro wood and Kamala dye.

  14. "But Aren't Diesel Engines Just for Big, Smelly Trucks?" An Interdisciplinary Curriculum Project for High School Chemistry Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zoellner, Brian P.; Chant, Richard H.; Wood, Kelly

    2014-01-01

    In a collaboration between the University of North Florida College of Education and Human Services and Sandalwood High School in Duval County, Florida, social studies and science education professors and a science teacher worked together to develop student understanding about the limited use of diesel-fueled cars in the United States when compared…

  15. Fascinating Organic Molecules from Nature

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Keywords. Pigments of red sandalwood; Safflower; chica red; Brazil wood; Dragon's blood; Miro wood and Kamala dye. Author Affiliations. N R Krishnaswamy1 C N Sundaresan2. No.12, 9th Main Road Banashankari 2nd Stage Bangalore 560 070, India. Department of Chemistry Sri Sathya Sai Institute of Higher Learning ...

  16. Southern Forests: a Journal of Forest Science - Vol 199 (2003)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    African sandalwood (Osyris lanceolata): resource assessment and quality variation among populations in Tanzania: research note · EMAIL FULL TEXT EMAIL FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. PL Mwang'ingo, Z Teklehaimanot, JB Hall, LLL Lulandala, 77-88 ...

  17. Influence of the origin of stem cutting, season of collection and auxin ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Influence of the origin of stem cutting, season of collection and auxin application on the vegetative propagation of African Sandalwood ( Osyris lanceolata ) in Tanzania: scientific paper. ... The high nutrition status and low nitrogen content of basal portions may play a role in enhancing their performance. Thus when raising O.

  18. 21 CFR 172.510 - Natural flavoring substances and natural substances used in conjunction with flavors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... appropriate forms (plant parts, fluid and solid extracts, concentrates, absolutes, oils, gums, balsams, resins... sanctioned for such use, or regulated in any section of this part. Common name Scientific name Limitations... Mill. and A. spicata Baker Althea root and flowers Althea officinalis L Amyris (West Indian sandalwood...

  19. Browse Title Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Items 251 - 300 of 506 ... Vol 73, No 2 (2011), Improving harvester estimates of bark thickness for radiata pine (Pinus radiata D.Don), Abstract ... Vol 201 (2004), Influence of the origin of stem cutting, season of collection and auxin application on the vegetative propagation of African Sandalwood (Osyris lanceolata) in Tanzania: ...

  20. Susceptibility of Drug-Resistant Clinical Herpes Simplex Virus Type 1 Strains to Essential Oils of Ginger, Thyme, Hyssop, and Sandalwood▿

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schnitzler, Paul; Koch, Christine; Reichling, Jürgen

    2007-01-01

    Acyclovir-resistant clinical isolates of herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) were analyzed in vitro for their susceptibilities to essential oils of ginger, thyme, hyssop, and sandalwood. All essential oils exhibited high levels of virucidal activity against acyclovir-sensitive strain KOS and acyclovir-resistant HSV-1 clinical isolates and reduced plaque formation significantly. PMID:17353250

  1. Board's eye view.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bethel, Jim

    2012-10-11

    LAST AUGUST, Joe Strummer would have passed his 60th birthday. For those of you not as old or lucky as me, Joe was lead singer of The Clash, a UK punk band whose album, London Calling, was declared by Rolling Stone magazine to be the best album of the 1980s.

  2. Plaadid / Immo Mihkelson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mihkelson, Immo, 1959-

    2003-01-01

    Uutest plaatidest Barbara Streisand "The Movie Album", paul Oakenfold "Great Wall", Van Morrison "What's Wrong With This Picture", Jay-Z "The Black Album", Roberto Di Gioia's Marrsmobil "Strange World", G Unit "Beg For Mercy", Jimi Hendrix Experience "Live At Berkeley", "Bad Boys II", Laibach "Wat", Jet "Get Born", Isley Meets Bacharach "Here I Am", Starsailor "Silence Is Easy"

  3. 02 Burger 03.pmd

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Owner

    23 Jul 2008 ... Leonora, wat eintlik die geheue van die familie is en oor byna 'n eeu die foto's, dagboeke en ander dokumente bewaar, se geheue is ook nie betroubaar nie. Tannie. Leonora is die bewaarplek van die familie se dagboeke, briewe en foto's. Albums en albums. 02 Burger 03.pmd. 7/23/2008, 7:54 AM. 22 ...

  4. From the Incompatible to the Provisionally Synthesised in the Music ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Tracing Lines, an album containing seven works written between 2001 and 2011 by the UK-based South African composer Robert Fokkens, was released in 2014. In this essay two works from this album, representing two important moments in the composer's development, are analysed. Irreconcilable Truths for violin and ...

  5. ANALISIS TIPOGRAFI PADA LOGOTYPE BAND FORGOTTEN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Atang Riyan Isnandar

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak Forgotten merupakan band asal kota Bandung yang beraliran death metal. Band ini telah memiliki beberapa album yang cukup sukses. Salah satu faktor yang turut berperan penting dalam album-album Forgotten adalah desain sampul album. Sampul album merupakan identitas dan pesan dari musik yang dibawakan oleh Forgotten. Dalam sampul album, terdapat salah satu elemen visual yaitu Tipografi. Salah satu peran tipografi dalam sampul album Forgotten adalah sebagai logotype dari band. Yang menarik, dari lima album yang telah dirilis Forgotten yaitu “Future Syndrome” (1997, “Obsesi Mati” (2000, “Tuhan Telah Mati” (2001, “Tiga Angka Enam” (2003 dan “Laras Perlaya” (2011 adalah tampilan logotype band yang selalu berbeda. Perubahan logotype Forgotten disebabkan oleh beberapa faktor seperti adanya perubahan selera, transformasi musik dan pergantian personil yang dialami oleh band Forgotten. Perubahan ini berakibat pada munculnya kesan visual yang berbeda-beda dari masing-masing logotype di setiap sampul albumnya. Apalagi logotype band dengan genre death metal memiliki kecendrungan yang unik, dekoratif, bahkan sulit untuk dibaca. Oleh karena itu untuk mengetahui kesan visual yang dimunculkan oleh setiap logotype akan dilakukan penelitian dengan pendekatan tipografi. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah selain untuk mengetahui perubahan logotype dari kelima sampul album yang telah dirilis oleh Forgotten juga ingin mengetahui kesan visual terhadap tipografi terkait dengan prinsip kejelasan (legibility, keterbacaan (readability dan kemampuannya untuk dilihat pada jarak tertentu (visibility. Kata Kunci: Sampul Album, Tipografi, Logotype, Forgotten Abstract Forgotten is a band from Bandung, the death metal genre. The band has had some fairly successful album. One of important factor in albums Forgotten is the album cover design. The album cover are the identity and the message of the music performed by the Forgotten. In the cover of the album

  6. Narrar, mostrar, ver: como analisar um álbum de fotos de família em conexão com uma entrevista narrativa = Narrating, showing, seeing: how to analyze a family photo album in connection with a narrative interview

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Breckner, Roswitha

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Álbuns de fotos de família são lugares onde memórias são criadas e fixadas (Chalfen, 1987. Eles consistem principalmente de fotografias e outros tipos de material visual (cartões postais, bilhetes ou ingressos etc. , bem como de legendas e comentários mais ou menos extensos. Tradicionalmente, os retratos são organizados em um livreto, isto é, em uma ordem sequencial que se baseia implicitamente em uma estrutura pictórica e narrativa de apresentação e criação de uma “moldura familiar” (Hirsch, 1997[2002]. Como emerge uma imagem específica de “família”, fundamentada em experiências e convenções, quando se cria e olha um álbum de fotos de família? Enfocando esta pergunta geral, neste artigo se apresenta a análise de um álbum de família. Com isso, tornar-se-á visível a maneira metodológica de interpretar uma autoapresentação pictórica. Os resultados desta análise são combinados e contextualizados por uma entrevista narrativa biográfica

  7. Narrar, mostrar, ver: como analisar um álbum de fotos de família em conexão com uma entrevista narrativa = Narrating, showing, seeing: how to analyze a family photo album in connection with a narrative interview

    OpenAIRE

    Breckner, Roswitha

    2014-01-01

    Álbuns de fotos de família são lugares onde memórias são criadas e fixadas (Chalfen, 1987). Eles consistem principalmente de fotografias e outros tipos de material visual (cartões postais, bilhetes ou ingressos etc. ), bem como de legendas e comentários mais ou menos extensos. Tradicionalmente, os retratos são organizados em um livreto, isto é, em uma ordem sequencial que se baseia implicitamente em uma estrutura pictórica e narrativa de apresentação e criação de uma moldura familiar (Hirsch,...

  8. Hudební album Fr. A. Urbánka. K nereflektovaným vydáním děl Antonína Dvořáka, jeho současníků a některým aspektům dobové nakladatelské praxe.

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Matějčková, Helena

    2013-01-01

    Roč. 50, 3-4 (2013), s. 311-346 ISSN 0018-7003 Institutional support: RVO:68378076 Keywords : music publishing * music collections * Prague * Antonín Dvořák Subject RIV: AL - Art, Architecture, Cultural Heritage

  9. Decontamination and/or revegetation of fly ash dykes through naturally growing plants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gupta, Amit K; Sinha, Sarita

    2008-05-30

    Present study is focused on the decontamination and/or revegetation of fly ash dykes through naturally growing plants, namely Calotropis procera, Cassia tora, Chenopodium album, Sida cardifolia, Blumea lacera. The results of sequential extraction study showed that maximum amount of metals (Na, K, Fe, Mn, Cr, Pb, Ni, Cd) were associated with residual and Fe-Mn fractions. Diethylenetriamine penta acetic acid (DTPA)-triethanolamine (TEA) extraction assessed the bioavailability of the metals. The total metal accumulation in tested plants was found in the order; C. album>S. cardifolia>C. tora>C. procera>B. lacera. The maximum bioconcentration factor (BCF) was recorded in S. cardifolia for the metals (Na, Fe, Zn, Cd), in C. procera for the metals (Mn, Cu, Ni, Cr) and in C. album for the metals (Co, Pb). However, the translocation factor (TF) of most of the metals was found more in S. cardifolia followed by C. album than other plants. Among all the plants, C. album have shown high BCF and low TF values for toxic metals (Pb, Cd) and suitable for phytostabilization of these metals. Principal component analysis was used to predict translocation behavior of the metals in different parts of the plants which was found similar for the metals (Cu, Zn, Mn, Cr). All examined plants are suitable for revegetation (naturally grows on fly ash dykes) and S. cardifolia and C. album may be used for decontamination purposes.

  10. Conceptual metaphors: a diachronic study of LOVE metaphors in Mariah Carey's song lyrics

    OpenAIRE

    Gavelin, Emma

    2016-01-01

    This essay is an account of an investigation of conceptual metaphors of LOVE in two albums by singer Mariah Carey. It also includes an investigation of if LOVE metaphors were used differently at the beginning of her career from how they are used twenty-four years later. The study is based on the singles of Carey's debut album and those of her latest album. The analysis showed that although the songs are separated by approximately twenty years the LOVE metaphors most reflected in the song lyri...

  11. Epithermal Neutron Activation Analysis of the Asian Herbal Plants

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baljinnyam, N.; Jugder, B.; Norov, N.; Frontasyeva, M. V.; Ostrovnaya, T. M.; Pavlov, S. S.

    2011-06-01

    Asian medicinal herbs Chrysanthemum (Spiraea aquilegifolia Pall.) and Red Sandalwood (Pterocarpus Santalinus) are widely used in folk and Ayurvedic medicine for healing and preventing some diseases. The modern medical science has proved that the Chrysanthemum (Spiraea aquilegifolia Pall.) possesses the following functions: reducing blood press, dispelling cancer cell, coronary artery's expanding and bacteriostating and Red Sandalwood (Pterocarpus Santalinus) is recommended against headache, toothache, skin diseases, vomiting and sometimes it is taken for treatment of diabetes. Species of Chrysanthemums were collected in the north-eastern and central Mongolia, and the Red Sandalwood powder was imported from India. Samples of Chrysanthemums (branches, flowers and leaves) (0.5 g) and red sandalwood powder (0.5 g) were subjected to the multi-element instrumental neutron activation analysis using epithermal neutrons (ENAA) at the IBR-2 reactor, Frank Laboratory of Neutron Physics (FLNP) JINR, Dubna. A total of 41 elements (Na, Mg, Al, Cl, K, Ca, Sc, V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Zn, As, Se, Br, Rb, Sr, Zr, Mo, Cd, Cs, Ba, La, Hf, Ta, W, Sb, Au, Hg, Ce, Nd, Sm, Eu, Tb, Dy, Yb, Th, U, Lu) were determined. For the first time such a large group of elements was determined in the herbal plants used in Mongolia. The quality control of the analytical results was provided by using certified reference material Bowen Cabbage. The results obtained are compared to the "Reference plant» data (B. Markert, 1992) and interpreted in terms of excess of such elements as Se, Cr, Ca, Fe, Ni, Mo, and rare earth elements.

  12. Epithermal Neutron Activation Analysis of the Asian Herbal Plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Baljinnyam, N.; Frontasyeva, M. V.; Ostrovnaya, T. M.; Pavlov, S. S.; Jugder, B.; Norov, N.

    2011-01-01

    Asian medicinal herbs Chrysanthemum (Spiraea aquilegifolia Pall.) and Red Sandalwood (Pterocarpus Santalinus) are widely used in folk and Ayurvedic medicine for healing and preventing some diseases. The modern medical science has proved that the Chrysanthemum (Spiraea aquilegifolia Pall.) possesses the following functions: reducing blood press, dispelling cancer cell, coronary artery's expanding and bacteriostating and Red Sandalwood (Pterocarpus Santalinus) is recommended against headache, toothache, skin diseases, vomiting and sometimes it is taken for treatment of diabetes. Species of Chrysanthemums were collected in the north-eastern and central Mongolia, and the Red Sandalwood powder was imported from India. Samples of Chrysanthemums (branches, flowers and leaves)(0.5 g) and red sandalwood powder (0.5 g) were subjected to the multi-element instrumental neutron activation analysis using epithermal neutrons (ENAA) at the IBR-2 reactor, Frank Laboratory of Neutron Physics (FLNP) JINR, Dubna. A total of 41 elements (Na, Mg, Al, Cl, K, Ca, Sc, V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Zn, As, Se, Br, Rb, Sr, Zr, Mo, Cd, Cs, Ba, La, Hf, Ta, W, Sb, Au, Hg, Ce, Nd, Sm, Eu, Tb, Dy, Yb, Th, U, Lu) were determined. For the first time such a large group of elements was determined in the herbal plants used in Mongolia. The quality control of the analytical results was provided by using certified reference material Bowen Cabbage. The results obtained are compared to the ''Reference plant? data (B. Markert, 1992) and interpreted in terms of excess of such elements as Se, Cr, Ca, Fe, Ni, Mo, and rare earth elements.

  13. A Randomized Controlled Trial Provides Evidence to Support Aromatherapy to Minimize Anxiety in Women Undergoing Breast Biopsy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trambert, Renee; Kowalski, Mildred Ortu; Wu, Betty; Mehta, Nimisha; Friedman, Paul

    2017-10-01

    Aromatherapy has been used to reduce anxiety in a variety of settings, but usefulness associated with breast biopsies has not been documented. This study was conducted in women undergoing image-guided breast biopsy. We explored the use of two different aromatherapy scents, compared to placebo, aimed at reducing anxiety with the intent of generating new knowledge. This was a randomized, placebo-controlled study of two different types of external aromatherapy tabs (lavender-sandalwood and orange-peppermint) compared with a matched placebo-control delivery system. Anxiety was self-reported before and after undergoing a breast biopsy using the Spielberger State Anxiety Inventory Scale. Eighty-seven women participated in this study. There was a statistically significant reduction in self-reported anxiety with the use of the lavender-sandalwood aromatherapy tab compared with the placebo group (p = .032). Aromatherapy tabs reduced anxiety during image-guided breast biopsy. The completion of the biopsy provided some relief from anxiety in all groups. The use of aromatherapy tabs offers an evidence-based nursing intervention to improve adaptation and reduce anxiety for women undergoing breast biopsy. Lavender-sandalwood aromatherapy reduced anxiety and promoted adaptation more than orange-peppermint aromatherapy or placebo. © 2017 Sigma Theta Tau International.

  14. Plaadid / Immo Mihkelson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mihkelson, Immo, 1959-

    2004-01-01

    Uutest plaatidest Ragatmika "Katkiminekud", "Killing Joke", The Streets "A Grand Don't Come For Free", Jamie Cullum "Twentysomething", Armand Van Helden "New York: A Mix Odyssey", Awan Lee "Swan Lee 2nd album"

  15. Arvustused / Mihkel Raud

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raud, Mihkel

    2000-01-01

    Uute plaatide Joe Satriani "Engines of Creation", "Scream 3 The Album", Sole, "Skin Deep", Sisqo "Unleash The Dragon", "The Sopranos - Music From The HBO Original Series", "Space Age Playboys", Statix-X "Wisconsin Death Trip", Tan Dun "2000 Today" tutvustus

  16. Uudiseid maailmast / Ivo Heinloo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Heinloo, Ivo

    2012-01-01

    Lühisõnumid: Taas jagati Grammysid. Lahkus Whitney Houston. Suri Etta James. Esperanza Spalding jätkab tähelendu. Album Esbjörn Svenssoni mälestuseks. Madonna maailmatuur hõlmab nelja kontinenti

  17. Popmuusika / Valner Valme

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Valme, Valner, 1970-

    2005-01-01

    Uutest heliplaatidest Leftfield "A Final Hit", Mint Royale "See You In The Morning", Broadcast "Tender Buttons", Toomas Rull "Eesti Hääled", Sentenced "The Funeral Album", Sej "Honey", t.A.T.u "Dangerous"

  18. Eesti lülitumine modernsusesse : "Noor-Eesti" roll poliitilise ja sotsiaalse mõtte mitmekesistamisel / Toivo Raun ; tõlkinud Anne Lange

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raun, Toivo, 1943-

    2009-01-01

    Eestis juhatas modernse poliitika sisse 1905. a. revolutsioon. Revolutsiooniga ühel aastal ilmus "Noor-Eesti" esimene album. Rühmituse juhtivate teoreetikute seisukohti rahvusküsimuse, välispoliitika jt. küsimustes

  19. Plaadid / Jüri F. Lotman

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lotman, Jüri F.

    2003-01-01

    Uutest plaatidest Ralph Myerz and the Jack Herren Band "A Special Album", John Coltrane "A Love Supreme", Deep Purple "Bananas", "Parfum noir vol. 2", Spooks "FAster Than You Know", Monster Magnet "Greatest Hits"

  20. Siim Nestor soovitab : Mehhiko tigedikud Tallinnas / Siim Nestor

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Nestor, Siim, 1974-

    2002-01-01

    4. aprillil esineb Von Krahli baaris Euroopa turnee Signos de Aberracion raames mehhiko industrialbänd Hocico, kellelt ilmus samanimeline album. Mehhiklaste kontserti soojendab saksa futuristlik electro-pop ansambel Accessory

  1. Pop / Siim Nestor

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Nestor, Siim, 1974-

    2006-01-01

    Heliplaatidest: Ludacris "Release Therapy", Dead Moon "Echoes of the Past", Jet "Shine On", Rassakas ja sõbrad "Album vms", Thom Yorke "Eraser", Disco Ensemble "First Aid Kit", Def Räädu "Succiety", The Stranglers "Suite XVI"

  2. Strategies for getting through labor

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... to stay comfortable. Keep your mind busy. Bring books, photo albums, games, or other things that will ... Flood P, Rolins MD. Anesthesia for obstetrics. In: Miller RD, ed. Miller's ... PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2015:chap 77. Mertz MJ, Earl ...

  3. Somatic Embryogenesis, Rhizogenesis, and Morphinan Alkaloids Production in Two Species of Opium Poppy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    My Abdelmajid Kassem

    2001-01-01

    Morphine was only detected in aerial parts of Papaver somniferum album. Codeine and thebaine were detected in the rhizogenous but no embryonic callus. These results suggest that root organogenesis is causally related to alkaloid biosynthesis.

  4. Plaat

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Laseringi kauplustes müügilolevatest heliplaatidest: Loits "Must Album", Led R "Led The R Out - A Tribute To Led Zeppelin", Kosheen "Damage", The Stooges "The Weirdness",, Pain "Psalms Of Extinction", Agent M "Spionaazh"

  5. Plaadid / Priit Juurmann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Juurmann, Priit

    2006-01-01

    Uutest heliplaatidest Markus Enochson "Night Games ئ In Steps And Sequences", Up Hygh "The Venus Album", Oasis "Stop the Clock", The Who "Endless Wire", Ray Lamantagne "Trouble", Take That "Beautiful World", Danolo Venturi "La Perla: Noir"

  6. Plaadid / Margus Kiis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kiis, Margus

    2003-01-01

    Uutest plaatidest S Club 7 "Best The Greatest Hits", "Animatrix. The Album", "Jenifer", DJ Kayslay "The Streetsweeper vol. 1", Black Rebel Motorcycle Club "Take Them On, On Your Own", John Mellencamp "Trouble No More"

  7. Plaadid / Sergo Selder

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Selder, Sergo

    2005-01-01

    Uutest heliplaatidest Ans. Andur "Tuled peale", Franz Ferdinand "You Could HAve It So Mush Better", The Rolling Stones "A Bigger Bang", Bill Frisell "East/West", Sheryl Crow "Wildflower", Fun Lovin' Criminals "Livin' In The City", Sentenced "The Funeral Album"

  8. Tshto novogo?

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    Florist Taivo Pilleri ja fotograaf Toomas Volkmanni koostöös valminud album "Brides in Bloom"; vene stilisti Sergei Zverevi show Tallinnas; Tallinnas esitleti poola pesu; Elegance moekataloogi kaubad nüüd Tallinna butiigis

  9. SYNTHETICA: reflexões acerca da (imaterialidade da música em álbuns-aplicativo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beatriz Brandão Polivanov

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available SYNTHETICA: Reflections on the (immateriality of music in app-albums – Using the app-album "Synthetica", launched in 2013 by Canadian band Metric, as a study object, this paper aims to investigate the relationship between material culture and music in cyberculture. Firstly, it brings some reflections and perspectives about the conflicts between materiality and digital culture. Secondly, it discusses the music album in a more traditional sense to highlight its similarities and differences with the app-album. Lastly, it analyzes Synthetica, anchored by thoughts on remix culture, the materiality of music and remediation. We conclude that, even in cyberspace, music possesses a material complexity, shaping new “listening protocols” in the relationship between human and non-human actants.

  10. Evaluation of Chemical Properties of Mistletoe Leaves from Three ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Viscum album) growing on three different trees: avocado pear (Persea Americana), African oil bean (Pentaclethra macrophylla) and kola (Kola nitida) was undertaken. Fresh mistletoe leaves were obtained from the three different trees and thoroughly ...

  11. Pop / Siim Nestor

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Nestor, Siim, 1974-

    2003-01-01

    Heliplaatidest: The Sleepy Jackson "Lovers", Ralph Myerz & the Jack Herren Band "A Special Album", David Bowie "Reality", Monster Magnet "Greatest Hits", Black Rebel Motorcycle Club "Take Them On, On Your Own"

  12. Brottse otpravljajetsja v put / Iosef Kats

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kats, Iosef

    2007-01-01

    Raimo Pullati koostatud kogumiku "Johann Christoph Brotze. Estonica" esitlustest Euroopa maades. Album sisaldab Johann Christoph Brotze kirjeldusi, akvarelle ning joonistusi 18. sajandi Eesti elu-olust. Raamat valmis Eesti, Läti ja Saksamaa spetsialistide koostöös

  13. Plaadid / Immo Mihkelson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mihkelson, Immo, 1959-

    2003-01-01

    Uutest plaatidest Maraca " Tremende Rumba", Dynamite Vikings "Vikingology", Tom Jones "Greatest Hits", Melanie C "Reason", Dallas "Delay Lama", Daredevil "The Album", The Stone Roses "The Very Best Of The...", "Providence"

  14. Pop / Erkki Luuk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Luuk, Erkki, 1971-

    2003-01-01

    Heliplaatidest: Ulrich Schnauss "A Strangely Isolated Place", James Brown "Motherlode", Saian Supa Crew "X-Raisions - International Version", Erinevad esitajad "Animatrix: The Album", Tindersticks "Waiting For The Moon", Fallacy "Blackmarket Boy", Qeen "Live at Wembley '86"

  15. Ameerika kalapilgu läbi / Ahto Külvet

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Külvet, Ahto

    2008-01-01

    Ameerika allveefotograaf Alex Kirkbride tutvustas Tartu Kõrgemas Kunstikoolis oma kunstiprojekti, mille käigus ta kolme aasta jooksul Ameerika Ühendriikides rännates pildistas seda riiki kala vaatepunktist. Pildistamise tulemusena valmis album "American Waters"

  16. Pop / Koit Raudsepp

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raudsepp, Koit

    2004-01-01

    Heliplaatidest: Raekwon "The Lex Diamond Story", Nelly Furtado "Folklore", The Distillers "Coral Fang", Erinevad esitajad "The Texas Chainsaw Massacre - The Album", Soel (Ohse, Pascal & St Germain) "Memento", Donato Wharton "Trabanten", The Von Bondies "Pawn Shoppe Heart"

  17. Few Things About Idioms: Understanding Idioms and Its Users in the Twitter Online Social Network

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-05-22

    clubs Liverpool and Chelsea) is accompanied by the hashtag #Torres which indicates a player who is a part of the match. On the other hand, Twitter...faves friend sports wwe game 5sos band show news social iphone love ily people football wrestling season justin album music tech media ios fun luke hobby...school soccer cricket football luke idols album software business apple trends(sports, entertainment, technology) are very popular users, which includes

  18. Areen jagab taas aastapreemiaid : nominendid selgunud!

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Eesti Ekspressi kultuurilisa Areeni aastapreemia nominentide seas ansambel Röövel Ööbik (kontserdid, album "Supersymmetry"), Andres Mustonen (vanamuusika; jazz-viiuldaja), räppar Chalice (album "Süsteemsüsteem"), helilooja Tõnis Kaumann (lasteooper "Napoleon"), maalikunstnik Evald Okas, vitraažikunstnik Kai Kaljo, arhitektuuriajaloolane Karin Hallas-Murula, disainer Tarmo Luisk, fotograafid Mark Raidpere ja Tiit Lepp, Alver Trummal Arhitektid, disainibüroo Labor jt.

  19. Epitomize Your Photos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter Vajda

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available With the rapid growth of digital photography, sharing of photos with friends and family has become very popular. When people share their photos, they usually organize them into albums according to events or places. To tell the story of some important events in one’s life, it is desirable to have an efficient summarization tool which can help people to receive a quick overview of an album containing large number of photos. In this paper, we present and analyze an approach for photo album summarization through a novel social game “Epitome” as a Facebook application. This social game can collect research data, and, at the same time, it provides a collage or a cover photo of the user’s photo album, while the user enjoys playing the game. The proof of concept of the proposed method is demonstrated through a set of experiments on several photo albums. As a benchmark comparison to this game, we perform automatic visual analysis considering several state-of-the-art features. We also evaluate the usability of the game by making use of a questionnaire on several subjects who played the “Epitome” game. Furthermore, we address privacy issues concerning shared photos in Facebook applications.

  20. Atlas humano. - Radiografías normales del adulto, en bajo relieve

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Otero Silva

    1944-10-01

    Full Text Available Tiene por objeto la presente poner en su conocimiento una obra de medicina, la cual, sin duda, puede ser de gran importancia como libro de consulta y de enseñanza. La forman cuatro lujosos álbumes de copias radiográficas en negativo, tal como se ven las películas en los negatoscopios. Cada album consta de cien radiografías  patantadas que están explicadas con sus historias clínicas y diagnósticos radiológicos correspondientes. El album número 1 contiene radiografías óseas. El album número 2 radiografías de los aparatos circulatorio, respiratorio y digestivo. El album número 3 radiografías óseas, cuerpos extraños y aparato génito-urinario. El album número 4 con veinticinco láminas de 8 x 10 pulgadas, en bajo relieve, de radiografías normales de huesos y vísceras del adulto.

  1. Dose effects of gamma radiation sterilization on antibiotic eye ointment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Basry, T.H.; Hilmy, N.

    1980-01-01

    Radiation effects of Co-60 gamma rays on some eye ointment base such as plastibase, cetyl alcohol, liquid paraffin, vaselin album, adeps lanae and tetracycline eye ointment in plastibase were examined by physico-chemical determinations. Parameters observed were color changes, pH, melting point, viscosity, iodine value, acid value and TLC, uv-spectrophotometric examination. Microbiological examinations were carried out to determine the degree of initial contamination of unirradiated eye ointment. Radiation dose used were radiation sterilization doses of 2 and 4 Mrad and storage time was 3 and 6 months. The results showed that the iodine value of tetracycline eye ointment in plastibase and eye ointment bases such as plastibase, vaselin album, liquid paraffin, cetyl alcohol, adeps lanae, changed significantly. Viscosity examination showed non-significant results, except for vaselin album and liquid paraffin irradiated at 4 Mrad. Microbiological examinations showed that some unirradiated eye ointment were contaminated by a few kinds of microbes. (author)

  2. Atlas humano. - radiografías normales del adulto, en bajo relieve

    OpenAIRE

    Otero Silva, José

    2011-01-01

    Tiene por objeto la presente poner en su conocimiento una obra de medicina, la cual, sin duda, puede ser de gran importancia como libro de consulta y de enseñanza. La forman cuatro lujosos álbumes de copias radiográficas en negativo, tal como se ven las películas en los negatoscopios. Cada album consta de cien radiografías  patantadas que están explicadas con sus historias clínicas y diagnósticos radiológicos correspondientes. El album número 1 contiene radiografías óseas. El album número 2 r...

  3. Highway 61 Revisited: Bob Dilan i francuski poststrukturalizam / Highway 61 Revisited: Bob Dilan and French Poststructuralism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nikola Dedić

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The main aim of this text is to show parallels between rock music and poststructuralist philosophy. As a case study one of the most celebrated rock albums of all times – Bob Dylan’s Highway 61 Revisited from 1965 is taken. It is one of the crucial albums in the history of popular culture which influenced further development of rock music within American counter culture of the 60s. Dylan’s turn from the politics of American New Left and folk movement, his relation towards the notions of the author and intertextuality, and his connection with experimental usage of language in the manner of avant-garde and neoavant-garde poetry, are juxtaposed with the main philosophical standpoints of Jean-François Lyotard, Jean Baudrillard, Roland Barthes and Julia Kristeva which historically and chronologically coincide with the appearance of Dylan’s album.

  4. Spatial distribution and changes in occurrence of some weed species in the orchard in AES Felin near Lublin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Janusz Lipecki

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available From 1993 to 1997 a study of spatial distribution of most important weeds in apple orchard herbicide strips was performed. This study was continued in 1998, once the trees were cut down. As the time progressed, Epilobium adenocaulon Hausskn., Chenopodium album L., Polygonum aviculare L. and Atriplex patulum L. showed an increase in their occurrence. An opposite tendency was found with Erigeron canadensis L., Convolvulus arvensis L. and Taraxacum fficinale Web. Some species grew in patches (Convolvulus arvensis L., Chenopodium album L., Atriplex patulum L., while the others appeared sporadically throughout the orchard. In 1998, the decrease of occurrence of Epilobium Haussk. was observed. Simultaneously, this was coupled with an increase of occurrence of Taraxacum officinale Web., Erigeron caanadensis L. and Chenopodium album L. The predominating species in 1998 was Cerastium vulgatum L., followed by Lolium perenne L., Poa annua L. and Bromus mollis L.

  5. Olivia Records: The Production of a Movement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morris, Bonnie

    2015-01-01

    This article looks at the early years of Olivia Records, setting the context for the historic release of the album Where Would I Be Without You. From its origins as a Washington, D.C.-based activist collective in 1973, Olivia became a hugely successful recording company, marketing radical lesbian recordings and performances that soon defined the "women's music" movement. Both artistically and politically, Olivia's woman-identified albums became the soundtrack for a generation awakening to lesbian activism. Pat Parker and Judy Grahn's 1976 spoken-word recording is a unique demonstration of Olivia's radical production values and expanding catalog.

  6. Jamaican bible remix

    OpenAIRE

    Beckford, R.; Bean, T.

    2017-01-01

    The Jamaican Bible Remix is a conceptual musical collection. The album samples audio from Di Jamiekan Nyuu Testiment (The Jamaican New Testament) and triangulates it with themes from black liberation theology, and soundscapes from the black British music canon.  The result is a new type of gospel music or Social Gospel Music. \\ud \\ud Diverse genres from the black British music canon, such as UK Soul, Drum n Bass, Grime, and Jazz embellish the album. Genres are chosen to underline particular t...

  7. Here and now

    OpenAIRE

    Dean, J.

    2015-01-01

    'Here and Now' is an album of nine original jazz based compositions (64 mins total). \\ud \\ud 'Here and Now' was released on Pathway Records and was recommended by itunes as 'Music you must hear' in the jazz section (October - December 2016).\\ud \\ud Further research from the recorded output involves developing an analysis of the use of muscle memory in guitar improvisation, taken from transcriptions of the improvisations in both studio and live settings\\ud \\ud The album features James Dean (gu...

  8. Cutting weeds with a CO2 laser

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Heisel, T.; Schou, Jørgen; Christensen, S.

    2001-01-01

    Stems of Chenopodium album. and Sinapis arvensis. and leaves of Lolium perenne. were cut with a CO2 laser or with a pair of scissors. Treatments were carried out on greenhouse-grown pot plants at three different growth stages and at two heights. Plant dry matter was measured 2 to 5 weeks after...... treatment. The relationship between dry weight and laser energy was analysed using a non-linear dose-response regression model. The regression parameters differed significantly between the weed species. At all growth stages and heights S. arvensis was more difficult to cut with a CO2 laser than C. album...

  9. Video killed the radio star? Evidence from YouTube and iTunes

    OpenAIRE

    Tobias Kretschmer; Christian Peukert

    2014-01-01

    Making video clips of a song unavailable on YouTube has no effect on its sales on iTunes; but album sales suffer when video clips of a song from it are made unavailable on YouTube. These findings of a study by Tobias Kretschmer and Christian Peukert suggest that we need not worry too much about today's equivalent of the old slogan 'Home taping is killing music'. Their research investigates whether digital sales of songs and albums suffer from videos of the material being freely available onli...

  10. Pop nädal : Popuudised. Edetabel The Billboard 200 Top 20. Plaadiarvustus : The Jesus and Mary Chain - 21 Singles / Aivar Meos

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Meos, Aivar

    2002-01-01

    8. okt. saabub müügile ansambli Jurassic 5 uus album "Power In Numbers", millel laulab ka Nelly Furtado. Šokk-rokkar Marilyn Manson avaldab peatselt uue kontsert-video/DVD "Guns, God and Government". Intellektuaalset industriaalmuusikat viljelev ansambel Einstürzende Neubauten annab oma Interneti aadressi: http://www.neubauten.org., teatades, et 23. sünnipäeva tähistamiseks peaks 2003. aasta kevadeks valmima bändil uus album. Christina Aguilera uuest singlist "Let's Get Dirty". Ansamblist The Jesus and Mary Chain

  11. Pop : Areeni aasta albumid

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    Heliplaatidest: Chalice "Ühendatud inimesed", Outkast "Speakerboxxx / The Love Below", The Rapture "Echoes", Dizzee Rascal "Boy In Da Corner", The Darkness "Permission To Land", Basement Jaxx "Kish Kash", London Elektricity "Billion Dollar Gravy", The Strokes "Room On Fire", Jay-Z "The Black Album", The Hidden Cameras "The Smell of Our Own", Animal Collective "Spirit They're Gone, Spirit They've Vanished", The White Stripes "Elephant", David Sylvian "Blemish", Ralph Myerz & Jack Herren Band "A Special Album", John Cale "HoboSapiens", Jaylib "Champion Sound", Hot Hot Heat "Make Up The Breakdown", Audio Bullys "Ego War", Erykah Badu "Worldwide Underground", The Bug "The Pressure"

  12. Bio-Organic Division progress report, 1980-1983

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Choughuley, A.S.U.; Heble, M.R. (eds.)

    1984-01-01

    Work on natural products both in the in vivo as well as in vitro systems have led to the isolation and characterization of a number of important natural products. Some of the compounds are undergoing detailed screening as anticancer, antiarthritic or antiinflammatory agents. Work on 'Kedarneli' a well known indigenous drug for the cure of jaundice has also been undertaken. Using singly or doubly labelled precursors, biosynthesis of Tylophora alkaloids, physalins, piperamides, bakuchiol and some chromenes and flavones has been accomplished. In the area of plant tissue, organ and cell culture, micropropagation of sandalwood and mulberry have been achieved and success in the propagation of oil palm is in sight. For the program on somatic cell hybridization, work on protoplasts of groundnut, Tylophora and sandalwood has been carried out. Over 350 plants have been screened for their insecticidal, hormonal and antifeedant action. A number of pheromones of insect pests of cotton, forest and orchard trees, potatoes and stored grains have been synthesized. A facile synthesis of n-triacontanol, a plant growth regulator has also been achieved.

  13. Cornelia de Lange Syndrome Foundation

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... with a Family Connect with Peers Family Gatherings Family Album EVENTS Highlighted Events Cornelia's Garden Dress Down for CdLS Golf Tournaments Grandparents Tea Phantom Runner Team CdLS Team CdLS 5k Club Yard Sale Across America Host an Event Calendar of Events Media Room We' ...

  14. REFORMED THEOLOGY FOR THE 21ST CENTURY ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    pressed in these volumes warrant a thorough and detailed study. It is not feasible to give a summary of the .... resemble the faces of consecutive generations in a family photo album: They do not look alike … They do not .... as directive the presentation of the providence of God in the Heidelberg. Catechism, even for the 21st ...

  15. Uncovering the Cornfield

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Carter, Dale

    2015-01-01

    Observers agree that a pivotal factor in the abandonment of the Beach Boys’ Smile album in 1967 was the hostility shown by group members to some of Brian Wilson co-writer Van Dyke Parks’s lyrics. The latter still tend, however, to be cited more than they are analyzed. This reading of the song occ...

  16. Author Details

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Swiegers, JJ. Vol 23, No 1 (2009) - Articles Schalk le Roux, Van La Concorde na Op-de-Tradouw. 'n Saamgefl anste geskiedenis van die plattelandse reis van 'n familie. Geleen uit tekste, dokumente en albums. Abstract · Vol 23, No 1 (2009) - Articles Anton F. Prinsloo, Annerlike Afrikaans Abstract · Vol 25, No 1 (2011) - ...

  17. Antibacterial and antioxidant activities of the essential oils and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The present study deals with the evaluation of the in vitro antioxidant and antibacterial activity of phenolic extracts and essential oils of two medicinal and aromatic plants Zygophyllum album and Myrtus communis by using the 2,2- diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl radical, total antioxidant power and agar diffusion methods and ...

  18. Time, Domesticity and Print Culture in Nineteenth-Century Britain

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Damkjær, Maria

    In this innovative study, Damkjær shows that nineteenth-century texts gave domesticity not just a spatial, but also a temporal dimension. Novels by Dickens and Gaskell, as well as periodicals, cookery books and albums, all showed domesticity as a process. Damkjær argues that texts’ material form...

  19. African Journal of Traditional, Complementary and Alternative ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Lamium album or Urtica dioica? Which is more effective in decreasing serum glucose, lipid and hepatic enzymes in streptozotocin induced diabetic rats: A comparative study · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. MM Mehran, MR Norasfard, M Abedinzade, ...

  20. The True Voice of Whitney Houston: Commodification, Authenticity, and African American Superstardom

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kooijman, J.

    2014-01-01

    Taking its title from the 1994 AT&T commercial starring Whitney Houston, this article examines how Houston’s voice has functioned in the construction of her star persona from her 1985 debut album to her premature death on 11 February 2012, recognising three phases: the formative years (1985-1991);

  1. Book Review: Space Research at the Technical University of Moldova.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gaina, Alex

    Recently the historian of the Technical University of Moldova Aurel Marinchuk (Marinciuc) in a collaboration with the editorial team from the same University has published a Jubiliary Album "50 Years of the Technical University of Moldova". The Album is published at the Technical University in Chisinau (The Republic of Moldova). Two chapters of this album present major interest: 1) Space research at the Technical University of Moldova 2) The Foucault Pendulum manufactured at the same University under the supervision of the Rector of University, Dr. Hab. of Technical Sciences and Member of the Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Moldova Ion Bostan. The parameters of the Pendulums are: m=102 kg L=17,24 m T=8.35 sec. >From the first chapter We learn that 3 astronauts: Frank Lee Culbertson, Vladimir Dezhurov and Dumitru Dorin Prunariu are Doctors Honoris Causa of this University. As well we can found in the album informations about the Microsatellit "Republic of Moldova" built also by a team from the same University. It is ready to fly, but many depends on the funds for launch the Satellite. The Foucault Pendulum presents also interest in view of its possible applications to detect the influence of the relative position of the Sun and the Moon on Earthquakes. As is well known the tidal gravitational Force varies, depending on the relative position of the Sun and the Moon.

  2. Ühe Eduard Wiiraltiga seotud eksituse jälil / Jüri Hain

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hain, Jüri, 1941-

    2008-01-01

    Eduard Wiiralti 1930. aastal tehtud eksliibrisest, mille Julius Genss omistas väljaandes "Kunsti album II" (1935) ekslikult Samuel Nellinile. Tegelik omanik on metallikunstnik Samuel Yellin (1885-1940), mille tegi kindlaks Mai Levin ("Eduard Wiiralt", 1998). Lühiülevaade Samuel Yellini elust ja tegevusest

  3. A three-state model for energy trapping and chlorophyll fluorescence in photosystem II Incorporating radical pair recombination

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vredenberg, W.J.

    2000-01-01

    The multiphasic fluorescence induction kinetics upon a high intensity light pulse have been measured and analyzed at a time resolution of 10 ?s in intact leaves of Peperomia metallica and Chenopodium album and in chloroplasts isolated from the latter. Current theories and models on the relation

  4. Modulation of photosystem II chlorophyll fluorescence by electrogenic events generated by photosystem I

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bulychev, A.A.; Vredenberg, W.J.

    2001-01-01

    In an attempt to uncover electric field interactions between PS I and PS II during their functioning, fluorescence induction curves were measured on hydroxylamine-treated thylakoids of Chenopodium album under conditions ensuring low and high levels of photogenerated membrane potentials. In parallel

  5. Significance and popularity in music production.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Monechi, Bernardo; Gravino, Pietro; Servedio, Vito D P; Tria, Francesca; Loreto, Vittorio

    2017-07-01

    Creative industries constantly strive for fame and popularity. Though highly desirable, popularity is not the only achievement artistic creations might ever acquire. Leaving a longstanding mark in the global production and influencing future works is an even more important achievement, usually acknowledged by experts and scholars. 'Significant' or 'influential' works are not always well known to the public or have sometimes been long forgotten by the vast majority. In this paper, we focus on the duality between what is successful and what is significant in the musical context. To this end, we consider a user-generated set of tags collected through an online music platform, whose evolving co-occurrence network mirrors the growing conceptual space underlying music production. We define a set of general metrics aiming at characterizing music albums throughout history, and their relationships with the overall musical production. We show how these metrics allow to classify albums according to their current popularity or their belonging to expert-made lists of important albums. In this way, we provide the scientific community and the public at large with quantitative tools to tell apart popular albums from culturally or aesthetically relevant artworks. The generality of the methodology presented here lends itself to be used in all those fields where innovation and creativity are in play.

  6. Effect of artemether on rat hepatocytes during acute damage ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The body weight was recorded before and after the experiment and the plasma aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), alkanine phosphatase (ALP) and album (ALB) levels were determined as markers of hepatocellular damage. Plasma AST and ALT levels were significantly higher in group 2, ...

  7. Feeding behaviour of avian dispersers of nustletoe fnut in the ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Table 2 The number of monthly records of birds feeding on fruit of mistletoes (T. leendertziae, T. natalitius and V. combreticola) in the ...... Complements it. I'etude de la propagation du gui (Viscum album L.) par les oiseaux. Etudes d'ecologie ornithologique. Alauda 1: 474-493. HOWE, H.F. 1979. Fear and frugivory. Am. Nat.

  8. 78 FR 66427 - Crowdfunding

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-05

    ... contributions reflect the pre-purchase of a finished product (e.g., a music album). A number of entities operate... ``crowdsourcing,'' which is the concept that ``the power of the many can be leveraged to accomplish feats that... ``Unbound: Books Are Now in Your Hands'' ( http://unbound.co.uk/ ), specializing in book publishing, ``My...

  9. Památník Zdeňka Brtnického z Valdštejna z let 1591-1600

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Podavka, Ondřej

    2014-01-01

    Roč. 29, č. 1 (2014), s. 103-132 ISSN 0231-7494 Institutional support: RVO:67985955 Keywords : Zdeněk Brtnický of Waldstein * albums * diaries * academic peregrination * Latin citations * intellectual contacts Subject RIV: AB - History

  10. Author Details

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Abstract · Vol 15, No 2 (2006) - Articles Anti-Hyperlipidaemic and Heart Rate Lowering Effects of Aqueous Leaf Extract of Viscum album (Mistletoe) in Hypercholesterolaemic Rats Abstract · Vol 11, No 2 (2007) - Articles Investigation of the Potential Health Hazards of Petrol Station Attendants in Owerri Nigeria Abstract PDF ...

  11. Pop nädal : popuudised. HIM - Soome rocksähvatus Euroopas. The Billboard Hot 20

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2002-01-01

    Ville Valo poolt 1995. aastal loodud love metal bändist HIM (His Infernal Majesty), ning tema heliplaatidest "Greatest Lovesongs vol.666", "Razorblade" ja "Deep Shadows & Brilliant Highlights". Joy Divison ja New Order annavad 16. juulil välja oma BBCs salvestatud kontsertlindistused heliplaadil "Before & After". 17.septembril ilmub Ladytroni uus album "Light and Magic". Ignorabimuse singlist "Hüpodermic pleasure"

  12. Antilipolytic and hypotriglyceridemic effects of dietary Salvia triloba Lf

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    modulatory effects of Salvia triloba L.f. (Lamiaceae) leaves methanol extract (ME) on a high fat diet ... triloba L.f.) specifically is a medicinal plant widely ..... Inhibitory activities of Zygophyllum album: a natural weight-lowering plant on key enzymes in high-fat diet fed rats. Evid Based. Complement Altern Med 2012; Article ID ...

  13. Comparison of two culture media for breaking seed dormancy and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The aim of this study was to compare the effects of different treatments in breaking dormancy and to increase germination percentage and days to germination in two media of water with agar and Murashige and Skoog (MS) growth medium in four species of Linum L. namely, L. mucronatum, L. nervosum, L. album and L.

  14. A comparative study on the aphrodisiac activity of food plants ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background: Any substance that increases erectile function, sexual performance and enjoyment is considered an aphrodisiac. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of food plants Mondia whitei, Chenopodium album, Cucurbita pepo and Sclerocarya birrea extracts at a fixed dose of 200mg/kg body weight on ...

  15. Indigenous leafy vegetables (imifino, morogo, muhuro) in South ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Amaranthus species, Cucurbita pepo, Bidens pilosa, Chenopodium album and Solanum nigrum appear to be the most popular and most widely occurring leafy vegetables in the rural areas of South Africa. There is a need to create an atmosphere of awareness that would encourage consumption and industrial production of ...

  16. Konstrueeritud Forselius : kroonikast Kalevipojani ja edasi / Aivar Põldvee

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Põldvee, Aivar

    2006-01-01

    Bengt Gottfried Forseliuse (u. 1660-1688) trükitud tekstidest, tema tegevust kajastavatest kroonikalistest teadetest ja käsitlustest elu ja tegevuse kohta. Pikemalt Villem Reimani uurimusest "Bengt Gottfried Forselius", Eesti Üliõpilaste Seltsi Album, Kolmas leht. Tartu, 1895

  17. Bengt Gottfried Forselius / Villem Reiman

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Reiman, Villem

    2008-01-01

    Piibli eesti keelde tõlkimisest, eesti kirjakeele arendamisest ja rahvakoolide asutamisest. Forseliuse õpetajate seminarist, õpetajatest, koolimaadest ja -majadest, koolilastest ja kooliõpetusest. Kooli statistika aastast 1688. Varem ilm.: Eesti Üliõpilaste Seltsi Album 1895. Kolmas leht, lk. 7-52

  18. Pop / Koit Raudsepp

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raudsepp, Koit

    2004-01-01

    Heliplaatidest: Ghostface "The Pretty Toney Album", Genialistid "Kogutud noorus 1993-2001", Genialistid "Gentel-Dentel", Filmimuusika "The Passion of the Christ", The Vines "Winning Days", Erinevad esitajad "Dancehall Party 2004", Erinevad esitajad "Lilled algebrale", Porn Sword Tobacco "Porn Sword Tobacco"

  19. Anti-Hyperlipidaemic and Heart Rate Lowering Effects of Aqueous ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The anti-hyperlipidaemic and heart rate lowering potential of aqueous leaf extract of Viscum album (mistletoe) in hypercholesterolaemic rats was investigated in this study. The lethality studies showed that the aqueous extract of the plant had an LD50 value of 452.20mg/kg by intraperitoneal route. There were significant ...

  20. Herbicidal effects of aqueous extracts of three Chenopodium ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Herbicidal effects of aqueous leaf extracts of three Chenopodium species; Chenopodium album L., Chenopodium murale L. and Chenopodium ambrosioides were evaluated on wild oat (Avena fatua L.), one of the problematic weeds of wheat. Among the aqueous extracts of 0, 2, 4 and 6% (w/v) employed in bioassays, 6% ...

  1. Wie heeft de prijs gewonnen?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bas Jongenelen

    2012-01-01

    In 1524 publiceert Jan van Doesborch een bundel met refereynen. Een ervan gaat over een schetenwedstrijd tussen begijnen. Dit refereyn heb ik op 16e-eeuwse wijze voorgedragen op 21e-eeuwse muziek: http://itunes.apple.com/nl/album/wie-heeft-de-prijs-gewonnen-1/id512331302?i=512331322&ign-mpt=uo%3D4

  2. Nigerian Music Review: Submissions

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    They may be in any of the following areas: Musicology, Ethnomusicology, Music. Education. Performance, Composition, African Music, Music Technology, History,. Music and Related Arts, Book/Album/Performance Reviews, etc. 2. Manuscripts should be well typed on A-4 sized paper, double spaced with a margin of.

  3. 'Passionate, curiously-coloured things': Chameleon sexuality in Ek ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    In the past Chameleon has proven to be an ambiguous persona in the realms of gender and sexuality, and I have therefore chosen to focus on these realms in terms of an investigation into Chameleon's transgenderist performance on the album. The article aims to illustrate that (a) it is the ability of this 'curiously coloured' ...

  4. Hip-Hop, Digital Media, and the Changing Face of Music Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thibeault, Matthew D.

    2010-01-01

    In this article, the author describes a true story about Dwayne Carter Jr., a rapper most music educators probably don't know but one who is beloved throughout the world as "Lil Wayne." Critics overwhelmingly proclaimed Lil Wayne the top rapper in the hip-hop game, and the album and his work leading up to it were universally regarded as some of…

  5. Meteor Beliefs Project: ``Year of Meteors''

    Science.gov (United States)

    McBeath, Alastair; Drobnock, George J.; Gheorghe, Andrei Dorian

    2011-10-01

    We present a discussion linking ideas from a modern music album by Laura Veirs back to a turbulent time in American history 150 years ago, which inspired poet Walt Whitman to compose his poem "Year of Meteors", and the meteor beliefs of the period around 1859-1860, when collection of facts was giving way to analyses and theoretical explanations in meteor science.

  6. Plaadid / Immo Mihkelson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mihkelson, Immo, 1959-

    2003-01-01

    Uutest plaatidest Adel Salameh "Kanza", Hermes House Band "The Album", David Holmes "Analyze That", Boston "Corporate America", Tim McGraw "And The Dancehall Doctors", Marti Pellow "Sings The Hits Of Wet Wet Wet & Smile", "Elvis Costello & The Imposters", Jolly Music "Jolly Bar"

  7. Toddler Reading Time

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... ll want sturdy board books with pictures (especially photos) of kids doing the things they do every day. Books ... bears, find books about these things of interest. Kids this age also like books ... books, scrapbooks, or photo albums full of people they know (try adding ...

  8. Caring for a South African Treasure: Preserving the Bleek and Lloyd ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    While a selection of the photographs has been made available on the web, a major advantage in having the album accessible in electronic form is that the originals no longer have to be handled. The paper deals with the digital imaging project, as well as other work that has been done or is planned regarding preservation ...

  9. The aesthetic discourse space of popular music: 1985-86 and 2004-05

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Venrooij, A.

    2009-01-01

    This article presents a comparison of the aesthetic classification system of popular music, as employed by newspaper critics in the Los Angeles Times during 1985-86 and 2004-05. Through a relational discourse analysis of popular music album reviews, which applies the ecological technique of

  10. Musical Me'lange and Lyrical Universalism in the Works of Carlos ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The paper posits that, through the peculiar configuration of personnel from diverse racial, socio-economic and cultural backgrounds, allowing each person the freedom of artistic expression, and the universality of his lyricism, Santana produced albums with multi-racial, multi-cultural, multi-creed and multi-genre elements ...

  11. Fra Oklahoma! til Beauty and the Beast

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Steen Kaargaard

    2010-01-01

    Artiklens formål er at bidrage til en belysning af Original Broadway Cast-albummets historiske udvikling til og som distinkt fonografisk undergenre i den amerikanske produktion af musical-album. På baggrund af en kort introduktion til amerikansk musical-musik som fonografisk fænomen med definition...

  12. Management process invaded Ames as the Center shifted from NACA to NASA oversight. Ames constructed

    Science.gov (United States)

    1968-01-01

    Management process invaded Ames as the Center shifted from NACA to NASA oversight. Ames constructed a review room in its headquarters building where, in the graphical style that prevailed in the 1960's, Ames leadership could review progress against schedule, budget and performance measures. Shown, in October 1965 is Merrill Mead chief of Ames' program and resources office. (for H Julian Allen Retirement album)

  13. Adjuvants for single droplet application of glyphosate

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mathiassen, Solvejg K.; Kudsk, Per; Lund, Ivar

    2016-01-01

    Retention and biological activity of droplets of glyphosate deposited onto plant leaves using a Drop on Demand inkjet printer application system, was examined on pot-grown Brassica napus, Solanum nigrum, Chenopodium album, Silene noctiflora and Echinocloa crus-galli plants. Retention was measured...

  14. Muusika / Valner Valme

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Valme, Valner, 1970-

    2005-01-01

    Uutest heliplaatidest Funeral For A Friend "Hours", Dawn Of Gehenna "The Night Dog Sessions", Gee & Mista "Mobile Riddim Album", Armand Van Helden "Nympho", Nu Box "Sonic Screen", Alan braxe and friends "The Upper Cuts", DAD "Scare Yourself", Björk "The Music From Drawing Restraint", Lucie Silvas "Breathe In", Sinead O'Connor "Collaborations"

  15. Antimicrobial activity of extracts from in vivo and in vitro propagated ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The antimicrobial activity of 18 different extracts from in vivo and in vitro grown L. album L. plants was evaluated against clinical bacteria and yeasts using the well diffusion method. All the used extracts demonstrated antibacterial activity, whereas only the water extracts from leaves (in vivo) possessed antifungal activity ...

  16. Molecular Recognition of Cobalt(III)-ligated Peptides by Serine Proteases: The Role of Electrostatic Effects

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bagger, Sven; Wagner, Kim

    1998-01-01

    pancreatic trypsin, and proteinase K from Tritirachium album was examined. The efficiency of the substrates was assessed by kinetic measurement of the partition between aminolysis and hydrolysis. The results are discussed with special reference to coulombic interactions between the metal-ligated substrates...

  17. Optimization of epidemiological conditions to enhance the ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    A new foliage disease was found on Chenopodium album L. (family chenopodiaceae) in Punjab, Pakistan. Alternaria alternata (Fr.) Keissler was identified and confirmed as the causal agent. The present study aimed to optimize environmental condition that could enhance mycoherbicidal potential of A. alternata against C.

  18. Increased plasma total cholesterol and high density lipoprotein ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... leaves of Viscum album (Mistletoe) on plasma cholesterol and albumin levels in male Wistar rats was studied. Lethality studies revealed that the extract had an LD50 value of 417.0mg/kg mice, intraperitoneally. The rats were randomly divided into seven (7) groups of 5 rats per group with one animal per metabolic cage.

  19. 37 CFR 270.2 - Reports of use of sound recordings under statutory license for preexisting subscription services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... license shall post and make available online its Reports of Use. Preexisting subscription services shall post their Reports of Use online on or before the forty-fifth day after the close of each month, and... sound recording); (6) The marketing label of the commercially available album or other product on which...

  20. 37 CFR 370.3 - Reports of use of sound recordings under statutory license for preexisting subscription services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... post and make available online its Reports of Use. Preexisting subscription services shall post their Reports of Use online on or before the forty-fifth day after the close of each month, and continue to make... sound recording); (6) The marketing label of the commercially available album or other product on which...

  1. Experiments on the extraction and photoconversion of chenopodium chlorophyll protein CP 668

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Terpstra, Willemke

    1966-01-01

    1. 1. The amount of extractable, photoconvertible, protein-chlorophyll complex CP 668 from Chenopodium album leaves was found to be very variable, depending on site and day of leaf collection. 2. 2. Photoconversion of CP 668 into a 740-nm absorbing form probably does not occur in intact leaves;

  2. Time sequence of the damage to the acceptor and donor sides of photosystem II by UV-B radiation as evaluated by chlorophyll a fluorescence

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rensen, van J.J.S.; Vredenberg, W.J.; Rodrigues, G.C.

    2007-01-01

    The effects of ultraviolet-B (UV-B) radiation on photosystem II (PS II) were studied in leaves of Chenopodium album. After the treatment with UV-B the damage was estimated using chlorophyll a fluorescence techniques. Measurements of modulated fluorescence using a pulse amplitude modulated

  3. 2326-IJBCS-Article-Didier Dibong ++

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    hp

    (Linn.) Merr. et L.M. perry, Tectona grandis. Linn., Terminalia catapa Linn., Theobroma cacao Linn., Thymus vulgaris Linn., Viscum album Linn., Ziziphus lotus (Linn.) Lam. Vingt cinq herbacées (33,33%) ont été recensées. Ce sont : Achillia millefolium. Linn., Ageratum conyzoïdes Linn., Alium cepa. Linn., Alium sativum Linn.

  4. Optimization of epidemiological conditions to enhance the ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    user

    2011-03-14

    Mar 14, 2011 ... ... case with C. album as it is strongly resistant to many common herbicides such as triazine (Curran, 1999). These factors have opened the way for use of plant pathogens as biological control agents of weeds. There are several reports that support the use of mycoherbicide as useful biocontrol agents tool ...

  5. Adjuvants for single droplet application of glyphosate

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mathiassen, Solvejg Kopp; Kudsk, Per; Lund, Ivar

    2016-01-01

    Retention and biological activity of droplets of glyphosate deposited onto plant leaves using a Drop on Demand inkjet printer application system, was examined on pot-grown Brassica napus, Solanum nigrum, Chenopodium album, Silene noctiflora and Echinocloa crus-galli plants. Retention was measured...... but the biological activity of glyphosate was not improved....

  6. Monterey Peninsula Water Supply Project. Supplemental Draft Environmental Impact Report/Statement II. Volume 2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-02-01

    lamb’s quarters (Chenopodium album), and horehound ( Marrubium vulgare ), are relatively abundant in this habitat type, suggesting that it has developed... vulgare ), prickly lettuce (Lactuca serriola), milk thistle (Silybum marianum), wild radish (Raphanus salivus), common chickweed (Stellaria media...blackberry, mule fat (Baccharis viminea), and sweet fennel (Foeniculum vulgare ). The most extensive stands of I this habitat type occur in the middle river

  7. Pop / Tõnu Kaalep

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaalep, Tõnu, 1966-

    2003-01-01

    Heliplaatidest: Rinneradio "Lumix", Lisa Marie Presley "To Whom It May Concern", Erinevad esitajad "The Matrix Reloaded: The Album", Killer Mike "Monster", The Concretes "The Concretes", Deftones "Deftones", Godsmack "Faceless", Wimme "Barru", Alkaline Trio "Good Mourning", Set Fire To Flame "Telegraphs in Negative / Mouths trapped in Static"

  8. Facing scalability: Naming faces in an online social network

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Poppe, Ronald Walter

    Automatically naming faces in online social networks enables us to search for photos and build user face models. We consider two common weakly supervised settings where: (1) users are linked to photos, not to faces and (2) photos are not labeled but part of a user's album. The focus is on algorithms

  9. Pop / Lauri Tikerpe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tikerpe, Lauri

    2007-01-01

    Heliplaatidest: Me&you "Floating Heavy", Erinevad esitajad "A Tribute to Sick of It All - Our Impact Will Be Felt"Redman "Red Gone Wild: The Album", Ash "Twillight Of The Innocents", VNV Nation "Judgement", The Enemy "We'll Live and Die in These Towns", Ghosts "The World Is Outside"

  10. Led Zeppelin reklaamib Narvat / Anti Ronk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ronk, Anti

    2007-01-01

    Ilmus Narva-teemaline kahest CD-st koosnev album, kus ühel plaadil on 60 minutit videot linna vaatamisväärsuste ja informatsiooniga, teisel - briti rockansambli Led Zeppelini teosed Narva sümfooniaorkestri ja rockansambli Led R esituses

  11. Haematopoietic agent(s) in the crude extract from the leaves of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Preliminary studies showed that the crude extract from viscum album leaves had an LD50 value of 420.70mg/kg mice. Thirty-six male albino Wistar rats were randomly divided into six groups of 6 rats per group. The groups were: Group 1, the normal rats (controls) were fed with normal rat chow and given water ad libitum.

  12. When Somebody Dies

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Pictures help us do this. Looking at a photo album can help us remember fun times we had together. Lots of families bury the bodies of loved ones in a cemetery. Then they can go and visit someone's grave. It's not that they think of the dead person as really being there, but it is ...

  13. Author Details

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    A comparative study on the aphrodisiac activity of food plants Mondia whitei, Chenopodium album,Ccucurbita pepo and Sclerocarya birrea extracts in male wistar rats. Abstract PDF · Vol 12, No 2 (2015) - Articles Investigation of hypogycemic and hypolipidemic effects of an aqueous extract of Llupinus albus legume seed in ...

  14. The Use of Photography in Family Psychotherapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Entin, Alan D.

    Photographs and family albums are helpful in marriage and family psychotherapy to aid in the understanding of family processes, relationship patterns, goals, expectations, values, traditions, and ideals. Based on the assumption that a photograph is a form of communication, photography can be used to: (1) examine typical family picture-taking…

  15. Italians posing between public and private. Theories and practices of Social Heritage

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniela Calanca

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available According to the Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Heritage (Unesco 2003, from the point of view on Social Heritage, the Family Photo, and by extension Family Albums, play a particular significant role. In particular, Family Albums are a specific referent point for conservation, transmission and development of a community Social Heritage. At the same time, Family Album can be considered “places” of the Italian memory and places of transmission between public and private, because the photography, since its debut, is a public space, as if to say: posing is already being in public. Amateurs photographs and professional photographs offer a chance to see a visual history of Italy and so a visual history of dominant ideologies, perceptual and cultural models of Italian life. In this sense, with Family Album we can analyzed the continuous interweaving between the idea of history and history of ideological, economic and political thinking, factors influencing consumers, tastes change and the impact of scientific progress. Specifically, Family photo is a new source for the study of Italian family’s history, that is “The True Homeland of the Italian” and so the institution on which the national identity is found (Ginsborg 2001.

  16. Hiigelraamat Helmut Newtonilt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1999-01-01

    Saksa kunstiraamatute kirjastaja Benedikt Taschen annab aastavahetuseks välja kirjastuse arvates suurima raamatu, mis XX sajandil avaldatud. Fotograaf Helmut Newtoni album 'Sumo' on 480 lk., autori poolt signeeritud, 50x70 cm, kaalub 30 kg, hind 22200 Eesti krooni. Aluse raamatule kujundab Philippe Starck

  17. Significance and popularity in music production

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gravino, Pietro; Servedio, Vito D. P.; Tria, Francesca; Loreto, Vittorio

    2017-01-01

    Creative industries constantly strive for fame and popularity. Though highly desirable, popularity is not the only achievement artistic creations might ever acquire. Leaving a longstanding mark in the global production and influencing future works is an even more important achievement, usually acknowledged by experts and scholars. ‘Significant’ or ‘influential’ works are not always well known to the public or have sometimes been long forgotten by the vast majority. In this paper, we focus on the duality between what is successful and what is significant in the musical context. To this end, we consider a user-generated set of tags collected through an online music platform, whose evolving co-occurrence network mirrors the growing conceptual space underlying music production. We define a set of general metrics aiming at characterizing music albums throughout history, and their relationships with the overall musical production. We show how these metrics allow to classify albums according to their current popularity or their belonging to expert-made lists of important albums. In this way, we provide the scientific community and the public at large with quantitative tools to tell apart popular albums from culturally or aesthetically relevant artworks. The generality of the methodology presented here lends itself to be used in all those fields where innovation and creativity are in play. PMID:28791169

  18. Protection of melon plants against Cucumber mosaic virus infection ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Adhab

    serological means, nine species including, Portulaca oleraceae, Sisymbrium irio, Beta vulgaris, Chenopodium murale, Chenopodium album, Amaranthus retroflexus,. Solanum nigrum, Sonchus oleraceus, and Withania samnifera, were found to harbor the virus. Some of these hosts harbor the virus in asymptomatic infection ...

  19. Significance and popularity in music production

    Science.gov (United States)

    Monechi, Bernardo; Gravino, Pietro; Servedio, Vito D. P.; Tria, Francesca; Loreto, Vittorio

    2017-07-01

    Creative industries constantly strive for fame and popularity. Though highly desirable, popularity is not the only achievement artistic creations might ever acquire. Leaving a longstanding mark in the global production and influencing future works is an even more important achievement, usually acknowledged by experts and scholars. `Significant' or `influential' works are not always well known to the public or have sometimes been long forgotten by the vast majority. In this paper, we focus on the duality between what is successful and what is significant in the musical context. To this end, we consider a user-generated set of tags collected through an online music platform, whose evolving co-occurrence network mirrors the growing conceptual space underlying music production. We define a set of general metrics aiming at characterizing music albums throughout history, and their relationships with the overall musical production. We show how these metrics allow to classify albums according to their current popularity or their belonging to expert-made lists of important albums. In this way, we provide the scientific community and the public at large with quantitative tools to tell apart popular albums from culturally or aesthetically relevant artworks. The generality of the methodology presented here lends itself to be used in all those fields where innovation and creativity are in play.

  20. Download this PDF file

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    AJTCAM

    their parts by RAPD-PCR and real-time PCR HRM analysis, sequence matching function have been detected with. dPCR's basic ... (leaf, stem, root) have been extracted/treated both with methanol and water and the extracts were evaluated with ..... Viscum album fruit ethanolic extract in human lymphocytes. African Journal ...

  1. Uued plaadid

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2003-01-01

    Heliplaatidest: Sixpence None the Richer "Divine Discontent", Thomas K. Rusiak "In the Sun", Mull Historical Society "Us", Linkin Park "Meteora", Yo La Tengo "Summer Sun", Aaliyah "I Care 4 U",Ralph Myers And The Jack Herren Band "A Special Album", Cat Power "You Are Free"

  2. Singlid. Albumid : Sound / Märt Milter

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Milter, Märt

    1998-01-01

    Uutest singlitest Babybird "If Yoùll Be Mine", Funkmaster Flex "From the Upcoming Album:The Mix Tape Vol III", Supergrass "We Still Need More" (Than Anyone Can Give) ja albumitest "The Sound Of Gran Turismo" ja 'MTV's "Amp 2"

  3. An investigation to enhance understanding of the stimulation of weed seedling emergence by soil disturbance

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Schutte, B.J.; Tomasek, B. J.; Davis, A.; Andersson, L.; Benoit, D.L.; Cirujeda, A.; Dekker, J.; Forcella, F.; Gonzalez-Andujar, J.L.; Graziani, F.; Murdoch, A.J.; Neve, P.; Rasmussen, I.A.; Šerá, Božena; Salonen, J.; Tei, F.; Tørresen, K.S.; Urbano, J.M.

    2014-01-01

    Roč. 54, č. 1 (2014), s. 1-12 ISSN 0043-1737 Institutional support: RVO:67179843 Keywords : tillage * seedbank management * stale seedbed * genotype–environment interactions * seed germination * Chenopodium album Subject RIV: EH - Ecology, Behaviour Impact factor: 1.687, year: 2014

  4. The environmental response of Middle Ordovician large organic walled microfossils from the Goldwyer and Nita Formations, Canning Basin, Western Australia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Winchester-Seeto, T; Foster, C; O'Leary, T

    2000-12-01

    Middle Ordovician large organic walled microfossils (chitinozoans, scolecodonts, hydrozoans and foraminiferal linings) were recovered from the upper Goldwyer and lower Nita formations, Canning Basin, Western Australia, from three cores (WMC Santalum 1A, Kunzea 1 and Acacia 2). Petrophysical logs of these cores reveal an overall upward shallowing supersequence, overprinted by numerous transgression/regression couplets that can be correlated over 100km.Analysis of the abundance of the microfossils with respect to the gamma log signatures reveals that both chitinozoan abundance and diversity decrease as water depth shallows; however, the opposite is not always true and other factors probably intervene. Scolecodonts show an increase in abundance in transgressions, while hydrozoans and foraminiferal linings show no consistent response to trangressive or regressive phases. Cyathochitina hunderumensis tends to dominate chitinozoan assemblages where there is a transgression, while species of Belonechitina replace Cy. hunderumensis in regressive phases.

  5. Spatial and molecular aspects of hemiparasites parasitising Acacia spp

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dueholm, Bjørn

    shrubs neighbouring the root hemiparasites. The hemiparasites may further impair reproduction of the host and impact other trophic levels associated with the host. Traits of Acacia ligulata were therefore investigated further in terms of seeds per seedpods, seed mass and phyllode C/N ratios. Indications...... not result in differences of larval mass. Finally, to further investigate the belowground-aboveground link, phyllodes from A. acuminata were used for an RNA-sequencing (RNA-Seq) experiment to investigate gene expression in individuals, non-parasitised or parasitised by Santalum spicatum. Two transcriptomes....... The annotated transcriptomes together with identified markers enable further relational and gene expression studies with either shoot or root hemiparasites in either natural communities or plantations....

  6. Further important sensitizers in patients sensitive to fragrances

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frosch, P J; Johansen, J D; Menné, T

    2002-01-01

    In order to find sensitizers additional to the current fragrance mix (FM) a series of fragrance materials (series II) was evaluated in 6 dermatological centres in Europe. 11 of the test materials were essential oils, the remaining 7 being either mixtures of isomers or simple chemicals of frequent...... materials with the highest reactivity after the FM were ylang-ylang oil (YY) I (2.6%), YY II (2.5%), lemongrass oil (1.6%), narcissus absolute (1.3%), jasmine absolute (1.2%) and sandalwood oil (0.9%). 48 (3.0%) of the patients reacted only to materials of series II and not to FM. 6.0% of 1606 patients gave...

  7. Rap Poetry and Postmodernism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kirill Molokov

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available This article observes several most significant rap albums of this decade within postmodern literature. Today rap culture ceased to be a sort of “outsider” in academic opinion, because of its influences on the culture and art innovations. We study albums as literary objects according to literary aesthetic theories and principles, display the main postmodern features they have, and analyze the role of rap poetry within postmodernism in general. The results suggest that rap poetry is postmodern not only musically, but also lyrically, as an object of literature. The rap music embodies all the postmodern traits and synthesizes them within the syntheses of music and literature and high art and pop culture.

  8. Beyond the Stars and Stripes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Carter, Dale

    2009-01-01

    between the United States and the (former) British colony of Trinidad and Tobago as articulated via the latter's calypso and steel band traditions, these recordings (two solo albums and two productions) not only explore the grammar, vocabulary and subject matter of a new world music before the phrase......During the early 1970s the American song-writer, musician and producer Van Dyke Parks completed work on a series of albums exploring the musical contours of the circum-Caribbean region and, through them, broader patterns and issues in 20th century US-Caribbean relations. Focusing on the connections...... ‘world music' was conceived; they also invite a range of scholarly interpretations. Drawing on a selection of theoretical concepts - notably cultural imperialism, the Black Atlantic, minstrelsy, and world music itself - this article offers a set of formalist and contextualist readings intended...

  9. Beyond the Stars and Stripes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Carter, Dale

    2008-01-01

    between the United States and the (former) British colony of Trinidad and Tobago as articulated via the latter's calypso and steel band traditions, these recordings (two solo albums and two productions) not only explore the grammar, vocabulary and subject matter of a new world music before the phrase......During the early 1970s the American song-writer, musician and producer Van Dyke Parks completed work on a series of albums exploring the musical contours of the circum-Caribbean region and, through them, broader patterns and issues in 20th century US-Caribbean relations. Focusing on the connections...... ‘world music' was conceived; they also invite a range of scholarly interpretations. Drawing on a selection of theoretical concepts - notably cultural imperialism, the Black Atlantic, minstrelsy, and world music itself - this article offers a set of formalist and contextualist readings intended...

  10. L’Art pour l’Art or L’Art pour Tous? The Tension between Artistic Autonomy and Social Engagement in Les Temps Nouveaux, 1896-1903

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Prins

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Between 1896 and 1903, Jean Grave, editor of the anarchist journal LesTemps Nouveaux, published an artistic album of original prints, withthe collaboration of (avant-garde artists and illustrators. While anarchisttheorists, including Grave, summoned artists to create social art,which had to be didactic and accessible to the working classes, artistswished to emphasize their autonomous position instead. Even thoughGrave requested ‘absolutely artistic’ prints in the case of this album,artists had difficulties with creating something for him, trying to combinetheir social engagement with their artistic autonomy. The artisticalbum appears to have become a compromise of the debate between theanarchist theorists and artists with anarchist sympathies.

  11. CD Review: Tour de Force

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diana Golden

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Review of Tour de Force, the third album from C Force, an ensemble comprised of flutist Christine Gangelhoff, euphoniumist Christian Justilien, and pianist Christy Lee. With repertoire spanning over two centuries, the trio embarks on a musical tour to Guadaloupe, Jamaica, and Haiti on Disc One, and then Trinidad and Tobago, Curaçao, the U.S. Virgin Islands and the Bahamas on Disc Two. Just as the eclectic album artwork by John Cox might suggest, Tour de Force provides listeners with a sense of the rich tapestry of musical connections shared in art music across the Caribbean. This two-disc set (released March 2016 was recorded at the Performing Arts Center of The College of The Bahamas and produced by Terry Manning of Lucky Seven Records.

  12. Singlid. Albumid : Sound / Ahto Vahter

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vahter, Ahto

    1998-01-01

    Uutest singlitest Foo Fighters "Walking After You", Uni "St.Johns Fever", R.E.M."Daysleeper", Laila "Here We Go Again", Morcheeba "Part Of The Process", Alanis Morissette "Thank You" ja albumitest Sash! "Life Goes on", Dana International "The Album", Juice "Juice", Mica Paris "Black Angel", Music Instructor "Electro City", Republica "Speed Ballads", Crystal Waters "Best Of", Suzanne Vega "Tried And True.Best Of" ja filmimuusikakogumikust "The Oliver Stone Connection"

  13. Context and Domain Knowledge Enhanced Entity Spotting in Informal Text

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gruhl, Daniel; Nagarajan, Meena; Pieper, Jan; Robson, Christine; Sheth, Amit

    This paper explores the application of restricted relationship graphs (RDF) and statistical NLP techniques to improve named entity annotation in challenging Informal English domains. We validate our approach using on-line forums discussing popular music. Named entity annotation is particularly difficult in this domain because it is characterized by a large number of ambiguous entities, such as the Madonna album "Music" or Lilly Allen's pop hit "Smile".

  14. From Regulation to Litigation: An Analysis of the Silicone Breast Implant Controversy

    OpenAIRE

    Connelly, Ellen

    2000-01-01

    At the age of eighteen, Britney Spears has reached superstar status. She has sold millions of albums, and her music videos are among MTV's most popular. Teenage boys idolize her, and teenage girls strive to look like her. Unfortunately, good genes alone may not account for Britney's sought after appearance. Recent reports allege that the teen idol underwent breast augmentation surgery last year, at the age of seventeen. Although Britney denied the reports, other stars such as Pamela Anderson ...

  15. Autorský komiks

    OpenAIRE

    Kovář, Vít

    2011-01-01

    Kovář, V.: Autor's comics /Bachelor's thesis/ Prague 2011 - Charles university in Prague, Fakulty of education, Art department, 37 p. (Attachments: comic album, comic scenario and children's artworks) Abstract The bachelor thesis examinates possibilities of comics as an educational tool in the Czech environment. It consists of a theoretical part devoted to comics history not only in Czech Republic but also in the world, and of a practical art part composed of author's original fairly-tale com...

  16. Therapeutic Strategy for Chronic Headache in Children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H.O. Lezhenko

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available The therapeutic efficacy of a combined homeopathic preparation Cefavora, which consists of alcoholic extracts of Ginkgo biloba, hawthorn (Crataegus and white mistletoe (Viscum album, has been studied in the treatment of chronic tension-type headache in children. It has been shown that alongside with elimination of headache manifestations, the use of homeopathic medicine has contributed to the normalization of adaptive mechanisms of autonomic regulation in children indicating its high therapeutic efficacy.

  17. Metallography of plutonium, uranium and thorium fuels: two decades of experience in Radiometallurgy Division

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ghosh, J.K.; Pandey, V.D.; Rao, T.S.; Kutty, T.R.G.; Kurup, P.K.D.; Joseph, J.K.; Ganguly, C.

    1993-01-01

    Ever since the inception of Radiometallurgy Laboratory (RML) in its early seventies optical metallography has played a key role in development and fabrication of plutonium, uranium and thorium bearing nuclear fuels. In this report, an album of photomicrographs depicts the different types of metallic, ceramic and dispersion fuels and welded section that have been evaluated in RML during the last two decades. (author). 14 refs., 1 tab

  18. 352-IJBCS-Article-Dr Dibong Siegfried Didier

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Dr Gatsing

    Les Loranthaceae sont des plantes hémiparasites épiphytes qui puisent l'eau et les sels minéraux dans les tissus de .... chroniques, les diabètes, les difficultés respiratoires, les douleurs dues au rhumatisme, l'épilepsie ... viscotoxine serait responsable de l'action des extraits de Viscum album L. sur la circulation sanguine.

  19. Sound / Märt Milter

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Milter, Märt

    1998-01-01

    Uute plaatide Rolling Stones "No Security", Spiritualized "Live At The Royal Albert Hall", Kelly family "From Their Hearts", Arnold "Hillside Album", Joe Cocker "Greatest Hits", OST "Acid House", Songs from Andrew Lloyd Webber and Jim Steinmans "Whistle Down The Wind", The Weather Girls "PuttinÒn The Hits", Cliff Richard "Real As I Wanna Be", Folkmill "Topelt rosin", SIG "Sig 20v. Juhla-EP", "Motown Celebrates Sinatra", John Lee Hooker "Best Of Friends"

  20. Blackletter logotypes and metal music

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vestergaard, Vitus

    2016-01-01

    Text and band logos based on blackletter scripts are a common sight in visual metal music culture such as on album covers. This article develops a framework for analysing the affinity between blackletter script and metal music. The analytical framework includes five themes: genre tradition....... These insights provide an answer to the question why blackletter scripts have become part of the visual repertoire of metal music and why so many famous metal band logotypes are based on blackletter....

  1. Introduction: Verbal and Visual Interactions in Nineteenth-Century Print Culture

    OpenAIRE

    Calè, Luisa; Di Bello, Patrizia

    2007-01-01

    Volumes of George Cruikshank's 'Scraps and Sketches', a publication of miscellaneous images vaguely intended to be cut and pasted in home-made albums and scrapbooks; a catalogue of the 1857 Manchester Art Treasures Exhibition customised by the doodles and marginalia of its owner and her friends; a job-lot of nineteenth-century illustrated children's publications, in which the magic lantern show is miniaturized into the format of the book – the objects featured in the lead articles of this iss...

  2. Pop nädal : Popuudised. POPtabel MTV.ru TOP 20

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2002-01-01

    25. okt. esineb Eestis lansambel Saint Etienne, septembris tuleb müügile nende album "Finisterre". 7. sept. jõuab oma turnee käigus Tallinnasse norra grupp A-Ha. 19.-20. juulini kestva Hard Rock Laagri kohaks on Vana-Vigala. Restoranis L'Artiste (Hotell Olümpia) saab septembrini nautida Läti maalikunstniku Ritums Ivanovsi maale ansamblist Depeche Mode.

  3. Assessment of Downy mildew Resistance (Peronospora farinosa) in a Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.) Germplasm

    OpenAIRE

    Manal Mhada; BrahimEzzahiri; Ouafae Benlhabib

    2014-01-01

    Seventy-nine accessions, including two local wild species (Chenopodium album and C. murale) and several cultivated quinoa lines developed through recurrent selection in Morocco were screened for their resistance against Peronospora farinose, the causal agent of downy mildew disease. The method of artificial inoculation on detached healthy leaves taken from the middle stage of the plant was used. Screened accessions showed different levels of quantitative resistance to downy mildew as they wer...

  4. Wiiralt plaadiümbrisel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Ilmus progerockansambli King Krimsoni praeguse trummari Pat Mastelotto ja Saksa multiinstrumentalisti Markus Reuteri kahemehebändi Tuner kolmas album "Müüt", mis on salvestatud möödunud aasta oktoobris Tallinnas, Tartus ja Viljandis Jazzkaare kontsertidel. Plaadi ümbrise kujunduses on baski päritolu disainer Ritxi Ostariz kasutanud mitmeid Eduard Wiiralti tuntud töid Kumu kogudest

  5. Time, Domesticity and Print Culture in Nineteenth-Century Britain

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Damkjær, Maria

    In this innovative study, Damkjær shows that nineteenth-century texts gave domesticity not just a spatial, but also a temporal dimension. Novels by Dickens and Gaskell, as well as periodicals, cookery books and albums, all showed domesticity as a process. Damkjær argues that texts’ material form...... – serialised, fragmented or reappropriated – had a profound influence on their representation of domestic time....

  6. Esthetic perception and economic value of orthodontic appliances by lay Brazilian adults

    OpenAIRE

    Feu, Daniela; Catharino, Fernanda; Duplat, Candice Belchior; Capelli Junior, Jonas

    2012-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the esthetic perception of different appliances by Brazilian lay adults and its influence in the attributed value of orthodontic treatment, considering evaluators' socioeconomic status, age and gender. METHODS: Eight different combinations of orthodontic appliances and clear tray aligners were placed in a consenting adult with pleasing smile. Standardized frontal photographs were captured and incorporated into a research album. A sample of adults (n = 252, median = 26 y...

  7. Esthetic perception of orthodontic appliances by Brazilian children and adolescents

    OpenAIRE

    Kuhlman,Deise Caldas; Lima,Tatiana Araújo de; Duplat,Candice Belchior; Capelli Junior,Jonas

    2016-01-01

    ABSTRACT Objective: The objective of this present study was to understand how children and adolescents perceive esthetic attractiveness of a variety of orthodontic appliances. It also analyzed preferences according to patients' age, sex and socioeconomic status. Methods: A photograph album consisting of eight photographs of different orthodontic appliances and clear tray aligners placed in a consenting adult with pleasing smile was used. A sample of children or adolescents aged between 8 ...

  8. Areeni kultuuripreemiad 2007

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Areeni kultuuripreemiad 2007 nominentide seas ansambel 3 Pead (heliplaatidega "Ilusaim heli" ja "Taevaluugid"), näitleja ja laulja Kärt Johanson (albumiga "Unistadt"), Ahto-Lembit Lehtmets ja ansambel Loits (heliplaadiga "Must album"). Hääletada saab meiliaadressil preemia &ekspress.ee, veebiküljel http://www.ekspress.ee/preemia (50 000 kroonine preemia antakse üle 2. aprillil)

  9. Evaluation of allelopathic impact of aqueous extract of root and aerial root of Tinospora cordifolia (Willd.) miers on some weed plants

    OpenAIRE

    K. M. Abdul RAOOF; M. Badruzzaman SIDDIQUI

    2012-01-01

    The present laboratory experimental study was conducted to evaluate the allelopathic potential of Tinospora cordifolia (Willd.) Miers on seed germination and seedling growth of weed plants (Chenopodium album L. Chenopodium murale L., Cassia tora L. and Cassia sophera L.). Root and aerial root aqueous extracts of Tinospora at 0.5, 1.0, 2.0 and 4.0% concentrations were applied to determine their effect on seed germination and seedling growth of test plants under laboratory conditions. Germinati...

  10. The efficiency of adjuvants combined with flupyrsulfuron-methyl plus metsulfuron-methyl (Lexus XPE) on weed control.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heremans, B; Isebaert, S; Verhoeven, R; Haesaert, G

    2007-01-01

    This paper presents the results of laboratory tests on a selection of weeds (Viola arvensis, Polygonum persicaria, Chamomilla recutita, Chenopodium album, Veronica persicaria, Alopecurus myosusroides) to investigate the efficiency of flupyrsulfuron-methyl plus metsutfuronmethyl (Lexus XPE) in combination with different adjuvants. The efficiency of the herbicide improved in combination of adjuvants. The level of phytotoxicity of the adjuvants-herbicide treatments appllied varied among the different weed species.

  11. Sputnik Baby

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ian Haig

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available In this article, Haig argues that UK New wave, post punk pop band Sigue Sigue Sputnik made an important and undervalued contribution to the history or remix and sample culture in the mid 1980’s. Sigue Sigue Sputnik‘s overloaded cyberpunk image and album 'Flaunt it' are discussed, along with discussions of the role of Sigue Sigue Sputnik as a sampler of pre existing music, styles and iconography.

  12. Knowledge extraction and representation learning for music recommendation and classification

    OpenAIRE

    Oramas Martín, Sergio

    2017-01-01

    In this thesis, we address the problems of classifying and recommending music present in large collections. We focus on the semantic enrichment of descriptions associated to musical items (e.g., artists biographies, album reviews, metadata), and the exploitation of multimodal data (e.g., text, audio, images). To this end, we first focus on the problem of linking music-related texts with online knowledge repositories and on the automated construction of music knowledge bases. Then, we show how...

  13. Plaadid / Villu Päärt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Päärt, Villu, 1972-

    2003-01-01

    Uutest plaatidest Sarah Connor "Unbelievable", Robbie Williams "Escapology", Stan Getz "The Definitive Stan Getz", Santana "Sunrise", Wallflowers "Red Letter Days", Robert Palmer "At His Very Best", INXS "Definitive", Hilary Hahn "Mendelssohn/Shostakovich", System Of A Down "Steal This Album!", Disturbed "Believe", "Divas Las Vegas", Yann Tiersen " C'Etait Ici", We Will Rock You " Original London Cast Recording", Busta Rhymes " It Ain't Safe No More", David Bowie "Best Of", Terence Trent D'Arby "Greatest Hits"

  14. Changes in weed infestations on plantations of sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L. subsp. vulgaris cultivated on black soil near Wrocław in 1989–1995 and 2006–2012

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Krzysztof Domaradzki

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Field studies were carried out in 1989–1995 and 2006–2012 on plantations of sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L. subsp. vulgaris. During this period, 542 phytosociological relevés were made using the Braun-Blanquet method. In total, 46 weed species were found. In 1989–1995, the occurrence of 36 segetal species was reported. The highest cover indices were determined for Chenopodium album and Amaranthus retroflexus. Galium aparine, Echinochloa crus-galli, and Elymus repens were the dominant species, as well. Analysis of the frequency of occurrence revealed one constant species (Chenopodium album, two frequent species (Amaranthus retroflexus and Galium aparine, and two medium-frequent species (Echinochloa crus-galli and Matricaria maritima ssp. inodora. In 2006–2012, the occurrence of 40 weed species on the sugar beet plantations was recorded. The plantations were clearly dominated by Chenopodium album, accompanied by Polygonum persicaria and Polygonum lapathifolium ssp. lapathifolium. Other dominant species comprised Setaria viridis, Galinsoga parviflora, Brassica napus ssp. napus, and Fallopia convolvulus. The Chenopodium album was a constant component of the sugar beet plantations. In turn, no frequent species were observed and six medium-frequent species were found (Setaria viridis, Galinsoga parviflora, Brassica napus ssp. napus, Echinochloa crus-galli, Amaranthus retroflexus, and Capsella bursa-pastoris. Noteworthy, the presence of previously unreported species, e.g., Abutilon theophrasti, Hyoscyamus niger, or Artemisia vulgaris, was revealed. These species are rare components in sugar beet crops. A reverse phenomenon, i.e., the disappearance of some species such as Euphorbia helioscopia, Malva neglecta, Rumex acetosella, Sinapis arvensis, or Sisymbrium officinale, was also observed.

  15. Исследование химического состава, влияния на поведенческие реакции и антигипоксической активности фитосбора и сухого экстракта на его основе

    OpenAIRE

    Kolisnyk, Ya. S.; Upyr, T. V.; Koshoviy, O. M.; Shtrygol, S. Yu.; Kovaleva, A. M.

    2014-01-01

    The chemical composition and pharmacological activity of the dry extract based on the herbal tea composed of black horehound (Ballota nigra) herb, white nettle (Lamium album) herb, wormwood (Artemisiae absinthii) herb in equal amounts have been studied. As a result of the chemical study of the main groups of biologically active substances in the herbal tea and the extract on its basis the presence of phenolic compounds such as derivatives of hydroxycinnamic acid, hydroxycoumarins, flavonoids ...

  16. Person Recognition in Social Media Photos

    OpenAIRE

    Oh, Seong Joon; Benenson, Rodrigo; Fritz, Mario; Schiele, Bernt

    2017-01-01

    People nowadays share large parts of their personal lives through social media. Being able to automatically recognise people in personal photos may greatly enhance user convenience by easing photo album organisation. For human identification task, however, traditional focus of computer vision has been face recognition and pedestrian re-identification. Person recognition in social media photos sets new challenges for computer vision, including non-cooperative subjects (e.g. backward viewpoints...

  17. Sound / Märt Milter

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Milter, Märt

    1998-01-01

    Uutest plaatidest Mötley Crüe "Greatest Hits", Mariah Carey "# 1s", Pearl Jam "Live On Two Legs", Linda McCartney "Wide Prairie", Method Man "Tical 2000 : Judgement Day", Nada Surf "The Proximity Effect", Stina Nordenstam "People Are Strange", Portishead "Roseland NYC Live", Maggie Reilly "There and Back Again", Ǹ Sync "The Winter Album", Terminaator "Singapur", Zucchero "Bluesugar", George Michael "Ladies & Gentlemen".Best Of" ja Eric B & Rakim "Paid In Full.The Platinum Edition"

  18. Sporulation of four arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi isolates inside dead seed cavities and glass capillaries

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Rydlová, Jana; Batkhuugyin, Enkhtuya; Vosátka, Miroslav

    2004-01-01

    Roč. 36, - (2004), s. 269-284 ISSN 0334-5114 R&D Projects: GA AV ČR KSK6005114; GA ČR GA526/99/P032; GA MŠk OC 838.10 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z6005908 Keywords : Chenopodium album seeds * Glomus * indigenous AMF isolates Subject RIV: EF - Botanics Impact factor: 0.682, year: 2004

  19. Raamatututvustus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    2006. a. Tallinnas Eesti Kunstimuuseumilt ilmunud Heini Paasi koostatud album-kataloogist "Amandus Adamson 1855-1929" (kujundaja Tiit Jürna, toimetajad: Mai Levin, Anu Allas). 2007. a. Tallinnas ilmunud näitusekataloogist "Ado Lill" (koostaja ja essee autor Harry Liivrand, kujundaja Tiit Jürna, fotod: Liina Siib, Jaan Künnap, Peeter Sirge, Stanislav Stepashko). Ajakirja kunst.ee (peatoimetaja Heie Treier) 2007. a. numbrist 2, ajakirja Cheese (peatoimetaja Tiit Lepp) 2007. a. numbrist 23.

  20. mistletoe

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2002;. 8:179-189. 29. Imoru J.O, Eno A.E, Unoh F.B, ENkanu E, Ofem. O.E, Ibu J.O. Haematopoietic agents in the crude ex- tractsfrom the leaves of Viscum album (mistletoe). Ni- gerian Journal of Health and Biomedical Sciences 2005; 4 (2):. 139 – 145. 30. Bendich A. Physiological role of antioxidants in the immune system.

  1. Determination of Allelopathic Effect of Some Invasive Weed Species on Germination and Initial Development of Grain Legume Crops

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Plamen Marinov-Serafimov

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available During the 2006-2007 period, the allelopathic effect of cold water extracts from Amaranthus retroflexus L., Chenopodium album L., Erigeron canadensis L. and Solanum nigrum L. on seed germinationand initial development of Glycine max L., Pisum sativum L. and Vicia sativa L. was studied under laboratory conditions in the Institute of Forage Crops, Pleven. It was found that: waterextracts from fresh and dry biomass of A. retroflexus, Ch. album, E. canadensis and S. nigrum had an inhibitory effect on seed ermination of G. max, P. sativum and V. sativa, the inhibition rate for the extracts from fresh biomass varying from 28.8 to 81.5% and for the extracts from dry weed biomass it was from 26.8 tо 89.2%; The values of LC50 varied from 13.5 tо 72.2 g l-1 for the extracts from fresh biomass and from 7.0 tо 84.1 g l-1 for the extracts from dry weed biomass and they could be conditionally grouped in the following ascending order: A. retroflexus < S. nigrum < E.canadensis album and for extracts from dry biomass: A. retroflexus < E.сanadensis < Ch. album < S. nigrum; P. sativum was the most sensitive to the allelopathic effect of the extracts from fresh and dry weed biomass - LC50 varied from 13.5 tо 21.6 g l-1, followed by V. sativa - LC50 from 26.0 tо 11.7 g l-1 and G. max had relatively the lowest sensitivity - LC50 was from 46.6 tо 56.7 g l-1.

  2. Tuvan volunteers on the frontline: contempt of death and high patriotism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yurii V. Rubtsov

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Article presents the archival materials included in album book "Tuva for the frontline” (Moscow, 2014. The publication edited by the Russian Minister of Defense S.K. Shoygu is a scientific popular source study. It contains a significant number of documents regarding the participation of Tuva in the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945 specially revealed for this title by the Russian State Archive of Sociopolitical History and the Central Archive of Russian Ministry of Defense.

  3. Organic parasite control for poultry and rabbits in British Columbia, Canada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Turner Nancy

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Plants used for treating endo- and ectoparasites of rabbits and poultry in British Columbia included Arctium lappa (burdock, Artemisia sp. (wormwood, Chenopodium album (lambsquarters and C. ambrosioides (epazote, Cirsium arvense (Canada thistle, Juniperus spp. (juniper, Mentha piperita (peppermint, Nicotiana sp. (tobacco, Papaver somniferum (opium poppy, Rubus spp. (blackberry and raspberry relatives, Symphytum officinale (comfrey, Taraxacum officinale (common dandelion, Thuja plicata (western redcedar and Urtica dioica (stinging nettle.

  4. Organic parasite control for poultry and rabbits in British Columbia, Canada

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-01

    Plants used for treating endo- and ectoparasites of rabbits and poultry in British Columbia included Arctium lappa (burdock), Artemisia sp. (wormwood), Chenopodium album (lambsquarters) and C. ambrosioides (epazote), Cirsium arvense (Canada thistle), Juniperus spp. (juniper), Mentha piperita (peppermint), Nicotiana sp. (tobacco), Papaver somniferum (opium poppy), Rubus spp. (blackberry and raspberry relatives), Symphytum officinale (comfrey), Taraxacum officinale (common dandelion), Thuja plicata (western redcedar) and Urtica dioica (stinging nettle). PMID:21756341

  5. Lo narrativo y visual de “Voces en el parque”: una propuesta didáctica interdisciplinaria en el aula de secundaria

    OpenAIRE

    Arenas Delgado, Christian

    2012-01-01

    The following proposal, designed in the context of the Official Master in Language and Literature Didactic Investigation of Barcelona’s Autonomous University, studies the connections between text and image as reciprocal complements for the interpretation of the literary message in the illustrated album book. Even though the reader model points at children, its utility for interdisciplinary work between Literature and Visual arts in the high-school classroom is proposed in this wor...

  6. Effect of conservation tillage and peat application on weed infestation on a clay soil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. VANHALA

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Amendment of soil with peat is an attempt to avoid crop yield variation in the transition to conservation tillage, as it improves seedbed conditions and crop growth in drought-sensitive clay soils. Weed infestations were compared in 1999-2000 between the original and peat-amended clay (Typic Cryaquept, very fine, illitic or mixed under different autumn tillage systems in an oats-barley rotation. In a field experiment, sphagnum peat (H = 4 had been spread (0.02 m 3 m -2 on the soil surface in August 1995. Tillage treatments included mouldboard ploughing (to 20 cm and stubble cultivations of different working depths (8 or 15 cm and intensity (once or twice. Weed biomass and density were assessed by an area of 1 m 2 per field plot in August 1999-2000 and June 2000. The 1999 season was dry, but soil moisture conditions were more favourable in 2000. Peat application tended to increase the number of volunteer oats and Chenopodium album in 1999, while decreasing Galium spurium biomass. Ploughing significantly increased the abundance of Chenopodium album and Lamium purpureum in barley (Hordeum vulgare in 1999. Weed infestation was much lower in 2000, and tillage effect on Chenopodium album was minor in oats (Avena sativa. Growth of Lamium purpureum and Fumaria officinalis was stimulated in ploughed soils both years. Intensity and working depth of stubble cultivation had no significant effect on weeds.;

  7. "Któż tam będzie wisiał?" – Bunt chłopski w miejskiej wyobraźni

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcin Starnawski

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available “Who’s going to dangle there?” – Peasant revolt in urban imagination. On the Gore album by R.U.T.A. and on its reception The author presents a review of a recent album “Gore: Songs of Rebellion and Misery from 16th to 20th Century” by a Polish punk rock / hardcore group R.U.T.A. The album, which combines traditional peasant lyrics with modern arrangements and folk instruments, has received acclaim from both fans and critics, while the band declared their commitment to struggles of contemporary progressive social movements. The author analyses the lyrics situating his reflection in sociological-historical framework to discuss realities of peasants’ lives and revolts during the second serfdom in early modern Poland. The author interprets the musical form of the songs as “punk-rock assimilation” of folklore themes. The final section contains critical reflection on the album’s marketing strategy and reception with the key dissected categories being “rebellion” and “authenticity.”

  8. Mystery photos: challenge No. 4!

    CERN Multimedia

    Alex Brown, Jens Vigen

    2014-01-01

    It has been said that the Higgs boson was the last piece of an incomplete puzzle. The Standard Model looks pretty good, but doesn’t tell the whole story. Similarly, the tens of thousands of pieces in the CERN Photo Archive puzzle are gradually falling into place.   As we inspect album matches and gather caption information from people at CERN and around the world, the corners and edges are becoming clear. But we’ve got a big chunk of non-descript sky to plough through now. Sometimes, we can fit some pieces together without knowing what they show. We have grouped certain images into albums based on similarity. These are now in need of titles and descriptions. You can find them here. Meanwhile, here are some of our favourite pictures recently identified and matched to their corresponding albums: But what about the others? Can you help us identify any of the following pictures? Each picture’s CERN Document Server (CDS) page has its own “suggest a captio...

  9. ‘I, the Implacable I’: l’opera di Joan Didion negli anni settanta

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cinzia Scarpino

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available This essay attempts to read Joan Didion’s work in the 1970s (Play It As It Lays, A Book of Common Prayer and The White Album as resulting from an increasingly sharp aesthetic awareness of the modes, limits and possibilities of literature as personal and political testimony. Claiming a sceptical attitude towards any given ideology, Didion places her two novels (Play It As It Lays, A Book of Common Prayer and non-fiction book (The White Album within the history of that decade as filtered through an overtly autobiographical and idiosyncratic story. Out of a personal experience and understanding of that decade – of its collective imagination, its shared or unshared events and symbols – as one dominated by a sense of loss Didion creates women characters who survive both the ‘abject’ of their female bodies and the irreversible impoverishment of the last (and lost frontiers in which their stories are set. Late-modern versions of a long-abiding and well-established American literary tradition, the character-narrators of Play It As It Lays, A Book of Common Prayer and the witness-persona of The White Album respond to Didion’s aesthetic insight into the testimonial mode, its limits and potentialities, and a narratological strategy which, not unlike the postmodern narratives of the same decade, moves toward the dissolution, scattering, and reassembling of narrative functions (author, narrator, character, and reader.

  10. Impact of an exotic N2-fixing Acacia on composition and N status of a native Mediterranean community

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hellmann, Christine; Sutter, Rabea; Rascher, Katherine G.; Máguas, Cristina; Correia, Otilia; Werner, Christiane

    2011-01-01

    Nitrogen fixing plant species are among the most invasive species worldwide. However, field studies directly estimating the differential effect of native versus invasive exotic N2-fixing plants on plant communities are lacking. The exotic leguminous shrub Acacia longifolia invades coastal dunes across Portugal often co-existing with the native N2-fixer Stauracanthus spectabilis. Moreover, this co-existence with native species is possible due to a relatively low cover of Acacia species particularly in the south of Portugal where drought is intense. In this study we compare the impact of two different legume species (native and exotic) on the nitrogen status of a protected Mediterranean dune system. We document how presence of the exotic invader A. longifolia impacted community structure, soil properties and the foliar nitrogen concentrations and growth rates of native species. A. longifolia invaded areas had decreased biodiversity, fewer seedlings and altered soil properties (e.g., increased soil organic matter, NO3- and NH4+). A. longifolia presence was also associated with significant increases in foliar nitrogen content and δ15N of the endemic shrub Corema album while presence of the native legume Stauracanthus spectabilis had no discernible impact on C. album. Furthermore, a strong correlation between increased foliar nitrogen and enhanced growth rates in C. album indicate a facilitative effect of A. longifolia on this native shrub. We posit that the combination of nitrogen fixation, a rapid growth rate and production of a thick litter layer result in a very substantial impact of the invader in invaded ecosystems.

  11. Phytoaccumulation of Heavy Metals in Natural Vegetation at the Municipal Wastewater Site in Abbottabad, Pakistan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Irshad, Muhammad; Ruqia, Bibi; Hussain, Zahid

    2015-01-01

    Heavy metal accumulation in crops and soils from wastewater irrigation poses a significant threat to the human health. A study was carried out to investigate the removal potential of heavy metals (HM) by native plant species, namely Cannabis sativa L., Chenopodium album L., Datura stramonium L., Sonchus asper L., Amaranthus viridus L., Oenothera rosea (LHer), Xanthium stramonium L., Polygonum macalosa L., Nasturtium officinale L. and Conyza canadensis L. growing at the municipal wastewater site in Abbottabad city, Pakistan. The HM concentrations varied among plants depending on the species. Metal concentrations across species varied in the order iron (Fe) > zinc (Zn) > chromium (Cr) > nickel (Ni) > cadmium (Cd). Majority of the species accumulated more HM in roots than shoots. Among species, the concentrations (both in roots and shoots) were in the order C. sativa > C. album > X. stramonium > C. canadensis > A. viridus > N. officinale > P. macalosa > D. stramonium > S. asper > O. rosea. No species was identified as a hyperaccumulator. All species exhibited a translocation factor (TF) less than 1. Species like C. sativa, C. album and X. stramonium gave higher (> 1) biological concentration factor (BCF) and biological accumulation coefficient (BAC) especially for Fe, Cr and Cd than other species. Higher accumulation of heavy metals in these plant species signifies the general application of these species for phytostabilization and phytoextraction of HM from polluted soils.

  12. BOA detoxification of four summer weeds during germination and seedling growth.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schulz, Margot; Marocco, Adriano; Tabaglio, Vincenzo

    2012-07-01

    A recent greenhouse study revealed a significant reduction of germination and growth of redroot pigweed (Amaranthus retroflexus) and common purslane (Portulaca oleracea) by rye mulch, whereas velvetleaf (Abutilon theophrasti) and common lambsquarters (Chenopodium album) were not suppressed. Since BOA detoxification by metabolic alteration may influence the relation between the benzoxazinoid content of the soil mulch and weed suppression, we tested the dynamics in BOA detoxification in different plant organs of three and 10-day-old seedlings of four warm season weeds incubated with five BOA concentrations (4, 20, 40, 80, and 200 μmol g(-1) fresh weight). In addition, germination and length of 3-day-old seedlings were measured after exposure to 0, 0.3, 1.5, 3, 6, and 15 μmol BOA. Finally, we tested the influence of the MDR translocator inhibitors verapamil, nifedipine, and the GST inhibitor ethycrynic acid on BOA accumulation and detoxification activity. Due to BOA-detoxification, all weeds were able to grow in environments with low BOA contents. At higher contents, Abutilon theophrasti and Chenopodium album had a better chance to survive because of highly active mechanisms that avoided the uptake of BOA (A. theophrasti) and of efficient detoxification activities in youngest seedlings (C. album). The interpretation of all of the data gave the following sequence of increasing sensitivity: A. theophrasti detoxification of BOA influences the survival of certain weeds in environments enriched with this allelochemical. Therefore, detoxification processes affect the potential for weed suppression by soil allelochemicals in sustainable weed management.

  13. Phytoremediation of petroleum hydrocarbons in tropical coastal soils. I. Selection of promising woody plants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Wenhao H; Lo, Joey B; Robert, Françoise M; Ray, Chittaranjan; Tang, Chung-Shih

    2004-01-01

    This glasshouse study is aimed at evaluating tropical plants for phytoremediation of petroleum hydrocarbon-contaminated saline sandy subsurface soils. Tropical plants were selected for their ability to tolerate high salinity and remove No. 2 diesel fuel in coastal topsoil prior to further investigation of the phytoremediation feasibility in deep contaminated soils. The residual petroleum-hydrocarbon contaminant at the John Rogers Tank Farm site, a former petroleum storage facility, at Hickam Air Force Base, Honolulu, Hawaii, is located in a coastal area. It lies below a layer of silt in the subsurface, in loamy sand characterized by moderate salinity and high pH. Little is known regarding the ability of tropical plants to remediate petroleum hydrocarbon-contaminated subsurface soil in Hawaiian and other Pacific Island ecosystems although suitable plants have been identified and utilized for bioremediation in surface soil or marine sediments. The experiments were conducted in long narrow pots under glasshouse conditions in two phases. A preliminary experiment was done with nine tropical plants: kiawe (Prosopis pallida), milo (Thespesia populnea), common ironwood (Casuarina equisetifolia), kou (Cordia subcordata), tropical coral tree (Erythrina variegata), false sandalwood (Myoporum sandwicense), beach naupaka (Scaevola sericea), oleander (Nerium oleander), and buffelgrass (Cenchrus ciliaris). These plants were screened for resistance to high salinity treatment (2% NaCl) and two diesel fuel levels (5 and 10 g No. 2 diesel fuel/kg soil) in separate treatments. Plants that showed good tolerance of both factors were further evaluated in a second phase for their efficacy in the phytoremediation of diesel-fuel petroleum hydrocarbons under moderate salinity treatment (1% NaCl). Tropical coral tree and buffelgrass were susceptible to either 2% NaCl or diesel fuel at 10 g/kg soil, but tolerant of diesel fuel at 5 g/kg soil. Kiawe, milo, kou, common ironwood, N. oleander

  14. Influência pH na reposta de sementes de plantas daninhas a substâncias promotoras de germinação Influence of pH on the action of chemicals on weed seeds

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo Carmona

    1997-01-01

    Full Text Available Determinou-se o efeito do pH na ação de algumas subst âncias promotoras de germinação em sementes de Chenopodium album L., Avena fatua L. e Rumex crispus L. A azida de sódio (A, nitrato de potássio + etileno (NE, NE + A, NE + A + tiuréia + peróxido de hidrogênio foram testados em solo (em bandej as e em papel (in vitro com soluções tampão em ambiente controlado. O efeito do NE no estímulo à germinação de sementes não foi afetado pelo pH na faixa de 3 a 9. A azida de sódio foi a substância que mais afetou as sementes, sendo este efeito pH dependente. Este composto foi extremamente deletério em sementes de C. album e A. fatua em solo ácido (pH 4,0, enquanto em solo básico ele estimulou a germinação em sementes de A. fatua, através da superação da dormência A combinação de NE + A em pH 6,2 inibiu a germinação de C. album e A. fatua, mostrando um antagonismo entre estes compostos. A mistura dos cinco compostos reduziu a influência do pH na ação deletéria da azida de sódio. O efeito deletério da azida foi menos afetado pela temperatura do que sua ação como superador de dormência. A solução extraída do solo não afetou a resposta de tratamentos químicos in vitro em diferentes temperaturas comparado a soluções tampão em pH semelhante. Discute-se a influência das características do solo na eficácia de substâncias químicas como superadores de dormência ou tratamentos deletérios às sementes.The effects of pH on the action of some dormancy-relieving chemicals were investi gated on seeds of Chenopodium album, Avena fatua and Rumex crispus. Sodium azide (A, potassium nitrate + ethephon (NE, NE + A, NE + A + thiourea + hydrogen peroxide were tested in soil trays or in paper (in vitro with buffer solutions in controlled environment. The response to NE was not affected by pH from 3 to 9. Sodium azide had the gre ate st effect on seed decline, but its effect was pH-dependent. This compound was extremely

  15. Evaluation of different mushroom species as indicator organisms[Radioecology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gjelsvik, R.; Stensrud, H. [Norwegian Radiation Protection Authority, Oesteraes (Norway)

    2006-04-15

    To investigate the differences between accumulation capacity and transfer factor from soil to different mushroom species, 25 species were collected at 9 locations in south and central parts of Norway. Yearly sampling has been carried since 1988 and a total of 1283 samples analysed for {sup 137}Cs. Entire, fresh fruit bodies were collected, homogenized and measured fresh weight. Levels of ground deposition of {sup 137}Cs in Norway were taken from a nationwide sampling program carried out by National Institute of Radiation Hygiene in 1986 following the Chernobyl accident. The estimated ground deposition of {sup 137}Cs (Bq m{sup -2}) and the corresponding activity concentrations of {sup 137}Cs in mushrooms were used to calculate the ratio between activity concentration in mushroom and ground deposition (transfer factor, TF). Both the mushroom and the soil data are decay corrected to 2004. Considerable differences in accumulation of {sup 137}Cs in different mushroom species were found. The Tricholoma album, Cortinarius armillatus, and Rozites caperata were found to have the highest levels. Followed by two Cortinarius species, C. brunneus and C. traganus. The highest transfer factors were found in the Cortinarius armillatus and C. brunneus, but also Tricoloma album and Rozites caperata had high transfer factors. Other mushroom species, e.g. Leccinum versipelle (Orange Birch Bolete), Amanita muscaria (Fly Agaric), Boletus subtomentosus (Suede Bolete), Collybia butyracea (Butter Cap) generally show a low radiocaesium uptake and are therefore not considered as good indicators. Even though Tricholoma album, Cortinarius armillatus, C. brunneus, C. traganus, and Rozites caperata accumulate high levels of {sup 137}Cs, their seasonality and local occurrence should be evaluated before they are considered as good indicator organisms. (LN)

  16. Evaluation of cytotoxic effect of methanolic extracts isolated from endemic plants of Chaharmahal va Bakhtiari province on PC-3, MCF-7, Hep G2, CHO and B16-F10 cell lines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Z. Tayarani-Najaran

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available Background and objectives: To date, thousands of secondary metabolites have been isolated from plants and microorganisms and there is an unprecedented attention towards potential biomedical applications of natural compounds. In this study, cytotoxic properties of methanol extracts of Stachys obtusicrena, Aristolochia olivieri, Linum album, Dionysia sawyeri, Ajuga chamaecistus, Achillea kellalensis, Nepeta glomerulosa, Phlomis aucheria, Tanacetum dumosum, Dianthus orientalis, Scutellaria multicaulis, Cicer oxyodon and Picris oligocephalum which are widely grown in Iran, were investigated on PC-3 (prostat cancer, MCF-7 (breast cancer, Hep-G2 (liver cancer, CHO (ovarian cancer and B16-F10 (melanoma cell lines. Methods: The cancer cells were cultured in RPMI-1640 and incubated with different concentrations of the plant extracts. Cell viability was quantitated by Alamar blue® assay. The apoptotic cells were determined by PI coloring and Flow Cytometry (Sub-G1 peak. Results: The methanol extracts of D. sawyeri, S. obtusicrena, and C. oxyodon significantly decreased the viability of CHO cells. The Methanol extract of D. sawyer and L. album had cytotoxic effects on B16-F10 cells, whereas no toxicity was observed in MCF-7, Hep-G2 and PC-3 cell lines after incubation of the cancer cells with the plant extracts. The PI staining results showed that D. sawyeri, S. obtusicrena, and C. oxyodon in CHO cancer cells could induce apoptosis in a concentration-dependent manner. Conclusion: Screening plants to find the most cytotoxic extract showed D. sawyeri, S. obtusicrena, C. oxyodon and L. album had the potential for further analysis toward finding active phytochemicals with cytotoxic activity.

  17. The Jogger

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    James A. Emanuel

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Jogging-in-place, she was,balcony tiles sounding her count(“800 yesterday,” she had begun,my wristwatch adding what hers had known:20 minutes.Silent, her hands cupping her getaway breasts,her jogging eyes bypassed the nearby beach,probing the universe of my question:“What’s most important,how fast? how far? how long?” “That depends.”Her honest voice dismissedd arithmetic,gave on-the-spot philosophy no chance to speakas words like rate and time and distancejogged her memory like album pages t...

  18. Busca de compostos em Chenopodium spp. (Chenopodiaceae) com bioatividade em relação a pragas de grãos armazenados

    OpenAIRE

    Márcio Aurélio Garcia Correia Tavares

    2006-01-01

    Este trabalho foi realizado com o objetivo de avaliar a bioatividade de pós, extratos aquosos e não aquosos (hexano, clorofórmio e metanol) de folhas e frutos de Chenopodium ambrosioides L., Chenopodium quinoa Willd. e Chenopodium album L. sobre as pragas de grãos armazenados, Sitophilus zeamais Mots. e Rhyzopertha dominica (Fabr.), bem como avaliar o potencial inseticida do óleo essencial de C. ambrosioides, e o efeito repelente e inseticida de algumas substâncias (limoneno, α-pineno e ...

  19. A multicentric observational study to evaluate the role of homoeopathic therapy in vitiligo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P S Chakraborty

    2015-01-01

    Results: The changes in the mean VSS at intervals of every 6 months was found to be statistically significant. Homoeopathic treatment was found to be useful in relieving vitiligo in varying degrees in 126 patients, out of which 4 (2.94% cases showed marked improvement, 15 (11.03% cases showed moderate improvement, 77 (56.62% cases showed mild improvement, and 30 patients although improved, fell in the category of not significant improvement group (below 25% improvement. Ten homoeopathic medicines were found useful in the study of which Sulphur (n = 27, Arsenicum album (n = 19, Phosphorus (n = 19, and Lycopodium clavatum (n = 10 were the most commonly indicated and useful medicines.

  20. Narrar – mostrar – ver: Como analisar um álbum de fotos de família em conexão com uma entrevista narrativa.

    OpenAIRE

    Breckner, Roswitha; Universität Wien, Austria

    2014-01-01

    Family photo albums are places where memories are created and fixed (Chalfen, 1987). They consist mainly of photographs and other kind of visual material (postcards, tickets, etc.), as well as more or less extensive captions and comments. Traditionally, the pictures are organized in a booklet, that is in a sequential order which implicitly is based on a pictorial as well as narrative structure of presenting and creating a ‘family frame’ (Hirsch, 1997/2002). How a specific image of ‘family’ em...

  1. Departure Roger Anthoine

    CERN Multimedia

    Schopper,H

    1986-01-01

    Remerciements et discours du D.G. H.Schopper à l'occasion du départ de Roger Anthoine (attaché de presse), qui travaillait dans la communication et quitte le Cern après 27 ans de service. Il gardait des relations avec des médias internationaux et la presse locale; remise des cadeaux: album photo avec images des musés de Genève et un radio aviation; R.A. fait un résumé de ses activités et souvenirs et remercie ses collaborateurs

  2. EFFECTIVENESS OF SOME POST-EMERGENCE HERBICIDES IN SOYBEAN

    OpenAIRE

    Knežević, Mira; Antunović, Manda; Ranogajec, Ljubica; Baličević, Renata

    2008-01-01

    A three-year field experiment was conducted in soybean on lessive pseudogley soil at Čačinci locality (P.P. Orahovica d.d.) in North-eastern Croatia to evaluate the effectiveness of chemical weed control through single or multiple applications of post-emergence herbicides, alone or in combinations and their effects on soybean yields. Main weeds were summer annual species of Echinochloa crus-galli (140 - 269 shoots/m2), Ambrosia artemisiifolia (8-56 plants/m2) and Chenopodium album (3-12 plant...

  3. The singer and the song: Nick Cave and the archetypal function of the cover version

    OpenAIRE

    Wiseman-Trowse, Nathan J B

    2013-01-01

    Throughout his career, from The Boys Next Door, through The Birthday Party, and with The Bad Seeds, Australian singer / songwriter Nick Cave has balanced his own set of creative voices alongside those of others through his choice of cover versions. Cave’s 1986 album with The Bad Seeds, ‘Kicking Against the Pricks’, is a collection of cover versions that spans American folk idioms (‘Black Betty’, ‘Hey Joe’, ‘The Singer’), Tin-Pan-Alley balladeering (‘Something’s Gotten Hold of my Heart’, ‘By t...

  4. Déjà vu Desperados

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Langkjær, Michael Alexander

    2015-01-01

    The romanticised Wild West costumed motif of the folk-rock band Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young (CSN&Y) on the cover of their Déjà vu LP album from 1970 evokes the American Civil War rebel and Wild West outlaw, along with the rifle-toting heroic frontier scout, the Spanish/Mexican vaquero, and the N......, the Vietnam War, fears of revolutionary violence and of notorious murders committed by the Charles Manson 'family' for example, while also suggesting an ironic sense of failure of the youth counterculture....

  5. Reception Shop Special Stand

    CERN Multimedia

    Education and Technology Transfer Unit/ETT-EC

    2004-01-01

    Friday 15.10.2004 CERN 50th Anniversary articles will be sold in the Main Building, ground floor on Friday 15th October from 10h00 to 16h00. T-shirt, (S, M, L, XL) 20.- K-way (M, L, XL) 20.- Silk tie (2 models) 30.- Einstein tie 45.- Umbrella 20.- Caran d'Ache pen 5.- 50th Anniversary Pen 5.- Kit of Cartoon Album & Crayons 10.- All the articles are also available at the Reception Shop in Building 33 from Monday to Saturday between 08.30 and 17.00 hrs. Education and Technology Transfer Unit/ETT-EC

  6. Retention and absorption of foliar applied iodine and strontium on rye grass and clover

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Angeletti, L.; CEA Centre d'Etudes Nucleaires de Fontenay-aux-Roses, 92; Levi, E.

    1975-01-01

    An accurate knowledge of the retention by aerial parts of plants of radionuclides present in rain or sprinkle irrigation water is essential to estimate direct contamination of plants and eventual hazards for man. Series of experiments were reported on the retention and uptake of iodine 131 and strontium 85 from a solution applied in a simulated rain spraying on rye grass (Lolium Italicum) and clover (Trifolium album). The study reported allows, knowing the water retention by specific plant species, to estimate the minimal quantities of the radionuclides or other pollutant which could be retained by the above-ground parts of vegetation [fr

  7. Who calls the tune?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claude Chastagner

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available The real action was taking place behind the scenes.Irwin Pincus, music publisherA couple of weeks ago, while researching for this paper, I decided to read again Chronicles, Bob Dylan’s autobiography. Chapter 4 deals with the recording in a rented New Orleans mansion of Oh Mercy, the 1989 album produced by Daniel Lanois, unanimously hailed as Dylan’s resurrection. Dylan insists on the significant impact Lanois had on his own artistry. Through conversations, flashes of rage and frustration, and...

  8. Szathmári, un mare artist documentarist

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ionescu, Adrian-Silvan

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Carol Pop de Szathmari was born in Cluj, Transylvania, on 11 January 1812. His talent for painting shone out from an early age. Being a passionate traveller, Szathmari journeyed through Europe and often crossed the Carpathian Mountains to visit Wallachia and its capital Bucharest, where he eventually settled in 1843. An accomplished landscape and portrait painter, at ease with both watercolours and oil paints, Szathmari obtained commissions from the wealthy Wallachian boyars. Szathmari kept up constant, good relations with the successive ruling princes of Wallachia for whom he painted portraits and various other compositions. By 1848, Szathmari began to experiment with photography. The outbreak of the Russian-Ottoman War in late June 1853 saw the Romanian principalities occupied by the Russian army. In April 1854, Szathmari filled a van with his cameras and glass plates and went to the border of the Danube to document the fighting between the Russian and Turkish armies. The result of Szathmari's bravery and hard work was a photographic album. His album, containing some two hundred images, became famous due to its presentation at the 1855 Paris World Exhibition and Szathmari was awarded the Second Class Medal for his work. From that time on, photography, painting and lithography were always closely connected in Szathmari's career. In 1864 he became member of the Société Française de Photographie in Paris and in 1870 of the one in Vienna. In 1863, he received the title of Ruling Prince's Court Painter and Photographer which he kept for the rest of his life. The official painter followed his patron, Prince Carol I, on the battlefield during the Russian-Romanian-Ottoman War of 1877, which was waged south of the Danube. Along martial compositions and albums, Szathmari had long been attracted by folk types and produced a large series of pictures with peasants, gypsies, postillions, merchants and artisans. He toured the fairs and the crowded streets

  9. Szathmári, a great documentary artist

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ionescu, Adrian-Silvan

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Carol Pop de Szathmári was born in Cluj, Transylvania, on 11 January 1812. His talent for painting shone out from an early age. Being a passionate traveller, Szathmári journeyed through Europe and often crossed the Carpathian Mountains to visit Wallachia and its capital, Bucharest, where he eventually settled in 1843. An accomplished landscape and portrait painter, at ease with both watercolours and oil paints, Szathmári obtained commissions from the wealthy Wallachian boyars. Szathmári kept up constant, good relations with the successive ruling princes of Wallachia for whom he painted portraits and various other compositions. By 1848, Szathmári began to experiment with photography. The outbreak of the Russian-Ottoman War in late June 1853 saw the Romanian principalities occupied by the Russian army. In April 1854, Szathmári filled a van with his cameras and glass plates and went to the Danube to document the fighting between the Russian and Turkish armies.The result of Szathmári's bravery and hard work was a photographic album. His album, containing some two hundred images, became famous due to its presentation at the 1855 Paris World's Fair and Szathmári was awarded the Second Class Medal for his work.From that time on, photography, painting and lithography were always closely connected in Szathmári's career. In 1864 he became a member of the Société Française de Photographie in Paris and in 1870 of the one in Vienna. In 1863, he was appointed Court Painter and Photographer, a position he held for the rest of his life. In that capacity, he followed his patron, Prince Carol I, on the battlefield during the Russian-Romanian-Ottoman War of 1877, which was waged south of the Danube. Alongside martial compositions and albums, Szathmári had long been attracted by folk types and produced a large series of pictures of peasants, gypsies, postillions, merchants and artisans. He toured the fairs and the crowded streets of the town in search

  10. Uus plaat

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2003-01-01

    Uutest plaatidest Celine Dion "1 fille & 4 types", "Travel Hits", Richard Clayderman "What A Wonderful World", Francis Gaya "Gold", David Bovie "Reality", Metro Luminal "Ainult rottidele", P.O.D. "Payable On Death", Tuulemaa "Küll süda teab", Tori Amos "Tales of a Librarian", Red Hot Chili Pepüers "Greatest Hits", Michael Jackson "Number Ones", Stone Temple Pilots "Thank You", Sonique "Born To Be Free", The Black Eyed Peas "Elephunk", Obie Trice "Cheers", One-T "L'album", "The Lords of Mystery", Ludacris "Chicken Beer", Lumidee "Almoust Famous", Robert Plant "Sixty Six To Timbuktu", Enrique Iglesias "Seven"

  11. The plants in the Florilegia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Arnklit, Folmer; Frederiksen, Signe; Hansen, Hans Vilhelm

    2013-01-01

    The Gottorfer Codex and The Green Florilegium contain a total of more than 1,500 pictures of plants. In this article the botanists who recently identified the plants in the two albums take a look at the works as seen through the eyes of a botanist. Based on their knowledge of the plants behind...... the pictures the authors shed light on a range of different aspects, e.g. the relationship between figures and real plants and the horticultural background of the plants. They also offer botanical explanations for peculiarities such as double and proliferous flowers....

  12. Culture and identity: Popular culture as characterizing device in Håkan Nesser’s sister novels Kim Novak badade aldrig i Genesarets sjö (1998) and Och Piccadilly Circus ligger inte i Kumla (2002)

    OpenAIRE

    Almgren White, Anette

    2016-01-01

    Nesser’s most popular crime novel Kim Novak and its pendant Piccadilly, set in the 1960’s in Midsweden, share time, location, and the adolescence’s search for identity. In that quest the merging popular culture plays an important role. (Grossberg 1997) Nesser catches the characteristics of the time; Erik, 14 years, reads and writes comics; Mauritz, 17 years, listens to the latest pop music and constantly adds to his album collection. He also writes poetry and reads classics while listening to...

  13. David Bowie's Hauntology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christiansen, Steen Ledet

    David Bowie's now-defunct rock-opera trilogy's first installment 1. Outside is filled with uncanny mediations of rock music's chameleon. The inner sleeve booklet is titled The Diary of Nathan Adler, or the Ritual Art-Murder of Baby Grace Blue: A non-linear Gothic Drama Hyper-Cycle. Behind this long...... in uncanny forms, just as all images in the booklet are distorted images of Bowie himself, made into uncanny doubles. The story begins with the murder of Baby Grace Blue, who is enacted by Bowie himself. Symbolically, Bowie is murdered by himself, while Baby Grace haunts the entire album's Gothic...

  14. Hello my dear society,how pretty we are! On protest without demand

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ilija Petronevic

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available I’m not so sure everybody remembers Bob Marley’s song Burnin’ and lootin’. The French film Mathieu Kassovitz used it in his movie La Haine (1995 in an attempt to poeticise the clashes between the police and young rebels in the suburbs of Paris. 13 years after the movie, and 50 years after Burnin’and lootin’, Parisian duo Justice released their album Cross (ED Banger record label. The videoclip of the piece titled Stress again about violence in Parisian suburbs, yet the gap between the discourse employed by Kassovitz and Marley, on the one hand, and Justice’s Stress, on the other hand, is great.

  15. Biotransformation--XXXIV. Metabolism of testosterone esters in fungi cultures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brzezowska, E; Dmochowska-Gładysz, J; Kołek, T; Nobilec, E

    1993-08-01

    Seven esters of testosterone: acetate, propionate, enanthate, caprate, undecanoate, isobutyrate and isocaproate (some of them are used as drugs) were transformed by microorganisms: Absidia coerulea, Acremonium roseum, Aphanocladium album and Rhodotorula mucilaginosa to obtain some information about their metabolism. It was observed that the presence and structure of the acyl group mainly influenced the degree of transformation. The first step of the reaction was probably hydrolysis of ester, followed by testosterone transformation. Only the branched chain esters were transformed by R. mucilaginosa without hydrolysis of the ester bond.

  16. Literatura brasileira em curso: a book for collectors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Helena Werneck

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This article analyses the book Literatura Brasileira em Curso, by Dirce Côrtes Riedel, Carlos Nascimento and Tereza Barbieri (Terezinha de Castro. Taking as reference Walter Benjamin’s concepts, such as collection, library, miniature, childhood and time assembly, it describes the innovative architecture of the didactic anthology, focusing on the different configurations of textual albums around a number of themes. There are procedures that encourage multiple reading experiences, pointing to contemporary modes of perceiving the emergency of a Brazilian literature, being very innovative in relation to historical practices of classification and text ordering.---DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12957/matraga.2016.26028

  17. A Change of Scene

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Steen Kaargaard

    2005-01-01

    Using the commercial recordings of Kurt Weill's musical production for Broadway (from Knickerbocker Holiday (1938) to Lost in the Stars (1949)) as an example, the paper will focus on the formation of the ‘original Broadway cast album' as a particular phonographic genre during the 1940s....... By discussing the character of the phonographic 'reconceptualization' of the Broadway musical, influenced as it was by the interplay of various contextual factors (technological, commercial, cultural, aesthetic), and the nature of the resulting ‘work', it is the aim of the paper to point to some of the key...

  18. Memória autobiográfica : através do álbum fotográfico

    OpenAIRE

    Malaca, Frederico, 1986

    2016-01-01

    Memória autobiográfica: através do álbum fotográfico is a theoretical and pratical essay that reflects about a set of questions surrounding memory and photography. The research focuses on the construction of a tradicional photo album and its capabilities as a storage for autobiographical memories. The formation of memories in the human brain and the creation of virtual storage media serve as motto for the research in the field of memory. Photography, by allowing the record of imag...

  19. El álbum fotográfico del falangista: género y memoria en la posguerra española

    OpenAIRE

    Rosón Villena, María

    2013-01-01

    Through the study of a photographic album which shows the experience at a summer camp organized by Falange Española’s University Union in 1941, we can approach relevant questions concerning this historical period: the Falange’s visual rhetoric and its construction of masculinity; photography’s discursive capacity and its aesthetic potential; the problematic matter of memory in public and intimate spheres and the album’s possibilities as a document.A través del estudio de un álbum fotográfico ...

  20. iPhoto '11 The Missing Manual

    CERN Document Server

    Pogue, David

    2011-01-01

    With better ways to get your photos online and new options for creating printed projects, iPhoto '11 makes it easier than ever to transfer photos from a digital camera, organize them, and publish, print, or share them in maps-but there's still no printed manual for the program. Fortunately, David Pogue and Lesa Snider team up in this witty, authoritative book that should have been in the box. Organize your collection. Discover all of the options for grouping your pictures-by events, in albums, or based on who's in the photo or where it was taken.Sharpen your editing skills. Learn how to use

  1. Ambient role playing games: towards a grammar of endlessness

    OpenAIRE

    Eyles, Mark; Eglin, Roger

    2007-01-01

    If the seminal 1976 ambient music album Music for Airports (Eno, 1978) became a 21st century ambient role playing game, what would it play like? What technologies would be required? What would we need to know for this to happen? Who would be the target audience? This paper sets out to define ambient role playing games. A computer role playing game definition is suggested; the evolution of ambient technologies is outlined and a prototyped ambient game is described. The heart of ambient gaming ...

  2. Multiverso: Rock'n'Astronomy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caballero, J. A.

    2012-05-01

    In the last few years, there have been several projects involving astronomy and classical music. But have a rock band ever appeared at a science conference or an astronomer at a rock concert? We present a project, Multiverso, in which we mix rock and astronomy, together with poetry and video art (Caballero, 2010). The project started in late 2009 and has already reached tens of thousands people in Spain through the release of an album, several concert-talks, television, radio, newspapers and the internet.

  3. Pour une encomiastique visuelle

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Costin Popescu

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available The paintings that represent Nicolae and Elena Ceausescu, exhibited in 2004 by the National Museum of Contemporary Art (MNAC and reproduced in an album in 2008 by the German printing house Steidl, show the difficulties that a rhetoric of eulogy can encounter in a democratic society.The rich traditions of eulogy may be considered a source of inspiration for these paintings. The aims of this research are: to identify the ways artists persuasively bind glorifiable meanings and techniques, to discover the combinatory potential of certain techniques cherished by eulogy, and to bring to light the rhetorical invariants of the genre.

  4. Lila Downs e il riscatto delle lingue indigene

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Veglia

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available In Mexico, indigenous’ culture vitality can be shawn by its presence in ambits far from academism, as music. We can consider at this purpose Lila Dawn’s musical production: during her career she sang both original songs and others that belong to mexican popular tradition, most of them in amerindian languages. In her work, multilingualism is always present: she writes in english and spanish; moreover, her albums contain songs in indigenous mexican languages, showing the power of preservation of these cultures.

  5. New Record Holders for Maximum Genome Size in Eudicots and Monocots

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B. J. M. Zonneveld

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the largest genome sizes reported so far for angiosperms: for the monocots Trillium hagae (Melanthiaceae 2C=264.9 pg and for the eudicots Viscum album (Santalaceae with 2C=205.8 pg. They were found during ongoing measurements of nuclear DNA content in more than 4000 accessions. Moreover, it is demonstrated that both of the values for the largest genome size so far for the monocots of Fritillaria assyriaca and for the eudicots of Viscum cruciatum need to be corrected.

  6. The preimaginal stages of Pnigalio gyamiensis Myartseva & Kurashev, 1990 (Hymenoptera, Eulophidae, a parasitoid associated with Chrysoesthia sexguttella (Thunberg (Lepidoptera, Gelechiidae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Еkaterina Yegorenkova

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available The larval instars of Pnigalio gyamiensis Myartseva and Kurashev are described in detail for the first time. This species is a larval-pupal ectoparasitoid of Chrysoesthia sexguttella (Thunberg (Lepidoptera, Gelechiidae, which forms leaf mines in the plant Chenopodium album L. (Caryophyllales: Amaranthaceae. The female of P. gyamiensis lays a single egg on the skin of the host larva or nearby it, without any significant preference for a particular variant. The presence of long hairs on its body provides the newly-hatched first larval instar with high mobility. Some peculiarities in this parasitoid-host relationship are described.

  7. Pop-rock music as precipitating cause in youth suicide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Litman, R E; Farberow, N L

    1994-03-01

    The plaintiffs in a law suit alleged that the heavy metal rock band Judas Priest, and its publisher CBS, were liable for damages to two youths who shot themselves after listening to the band's album. Crucial issues included "proximate cause" and "precipitating cause" in suicide, and the alleged role of subliminal messages. The judge ruled that although the "heavy metal" music might have had a toxic influence, the sounds and words are protected by the free speech first amendment. The influence of subliminal messages on behavior is unproven. There were many other elements in the personalities and situations of the victims to account for their self-destructive behavior.

  8. Le même et le différent

    OpenAIRE

    Tixier, Nicolas

    2015-01-01

    À partir de Smoke de Paul Auster et Wayne Wang; International audience; Auggie Wren (joué par Harvey Keitel) tient un débit de tabac à Brooklyn au coin de la 16e rue et de Prospect Park West. Chaque matin il traverse le carrefour face à sa boutique et dispose avec attention, toujours au même endroit, son appareil photo sur un trépied. Il regarde sa montre, attend la bonne heure et appuie sur le déclencheur. Cette photo rejoindra un album où jour après jour, page après page, depuis de nombreus...

  9. The Expression of Identity through the Image: The Photographic Archives of Miguel de Unamuno and Joaquín Turina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MODESTO ESCOBAR MERCADO

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This piece of research focuses on the expression of identity through photography. A comparative study was undertaken of two iconic collections belonging to some Spanish public figures, whose lives spanned a period from the late nineteenth century to the first third of the twentieth century. Specifically, the family photograph albums of Miguel de Unamuno and Joaquín Turina were analysed by using a technique based on the representation of social networks. This showed the importance of studying the coincidences between the people featured in the photographs in terms of revealing the social component of their identity.

  10. Déjà vu Desperados

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Langkjær, Michael Alexander

    2015-01-01

    , and a product. The focus is on a specific political, social and cultural space: America of the late 1960s-early 1970s youth rebellion. Contemporary editorials, interviews, articles, and advertisements in the music and politics biweekly Rolling Stone magazine are utilized as sources. The imagery raises...... album cover motif has as a source for fashion history depends on 'what,', 'how,' and 'why' questions asked by the historian. It is evident that the cover motif with its costumed and heavily armed 'outlaws' is a response to an America rent by social tensions contiguous with the Civil Rights Movement...

  11. Paper and analysis of internal Clock by Monolake

    OpenAIRE

    RAMSAY, Benjamin

    2012-01-01

    Monolake’s ‘Internal Clock’ was released on the 2009 album ‘Silence’ on the Imbalance Computer Music label from Berlin, Germany. The piece is an outstanding example of where contemporary dance music, which some might call electronica or IDM, crosses over with acousmatic composition traditions.\\ud \\ud This paper aims to explore how we might apply current acousmatic music theory to explain some of the sounds, shapes and arrangements within the field of IDM and less conventional forms of electro...

  12. Looking for a life

    OpenAIRE

    Myhr, David

    2011-01-01

    The second single from the upcoming album Soundshine. Released worldwide on iTunes Store and various other digital platforms.The melody for this song was written in Nashville already in 2005 when David hooked up with the American songwriter Ian Eskelin (All Star United). It was one of his first co-writing experiences outside of his previous band the Merrymakers. As an artist and writer Eskelin has had more than thirty Top 10 singles in the United States, including 12 #1 charting songs. He has...

  13. Effect of simplified tillage and mineral fertilization on weed infestation of potato growing on loess soil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karol Bujak

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available In the paper effect of limitation of postharvest measure to single cultivating or disking of soil and mineral fertilization level on number, air-dry matter and botanical composition of weeds in the potato-field is presented. Simplifield postharvest measure was increasing insignificantly and more intensive fertilization was limiting the weed infestation of potato-field. Decteasing of weeds number increasing fertilization was ststistically significant. Dominating species of weeds in the potato-field were Capsella bursa-pastoris, Poa annua, Viola arvensis, Chenopodium album, Elymus repens i Equisetum arvense.

  14. Beyoncé’s Lemonade: She Dreams in Both Worlds

    OpenAIRE

    Rogers, Holly; Vernallis, Carol; Perott, Lisa

    2016-01-01

    Beyoncé calls Lemonade a “visual album.” There’s been buzz about the image of Beyoncé smashing up cars, and a lot of talk about the autobiographical themes of the lyrics (lines like “better call Becky with the good hair” have been getting attention for the way they call out Jay Z’s mistress). But this 65-minute film’s songs, text and sound design haven’t been talked about in relation to its images. Lemonade’s unusual form—a long-play music video—gives it the capacity to draw connections betwe...

  15. Further important sensitizers in patients sensitive to fragrances

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frosch, Peter J; Johansen, J D; Menné, T

    2002-01-01

    In order to find sensitizers additional to the current fragrance mix (FM) a series of fragrance materials (series II) was evaluated in 6 dermatological centres in Europe. 11 of the test materials were essential oils, the remaining 7 being either mixtures of isomers or simple chemicals of frequent...... materials with the highest reactivity after the FM were ylang-ylang oil (YY) I (2.6%), YY II (2.5%), lemongrass oil (1.6%), narcissus absolute (1.3%), jasmine absolute (1.2%) and sandalwood oil (0.9%). 48 (3.0%) of the patients reacted only to materials of series II and not to FM. 6.0% of 1606 patients gave...... a history of adverse reactions to fragrances which was classified as certain. This group reacted to FM only in 22.9%, to series II and FM in 15.6% and to series II only in 5.2%. 63.5% of the patients reacting to both FM and 1 of the materials of series II had some type of positive fragrance history, which...

  16. POSSIBILITIES TO USE NATURAL EXTRACTS FROM MEDICINAL AND AROMATIC PLANTS (MAP LIKE BOTANICAL REPELLENT OR INSECTICIDE COMPOUNDS AGAINST PEST INSECTS IN ECOLOGICAL CROPS (II

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irina IONESCU-MĂLĂNCUŞ

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Botanical insecticides have long been touted as attractive alternatives to synthetic chemical insecticides for pest management because botanicals reputedly pose little threat to the environment or to human health. The body of scientific literature documenting bioactivity of plant derivatives to arthropods pests continues to expand i.e. repellents based on essential oils extracted from Chenopodium ambrosioides, Eucalyptus saligna, Rosmarinus officinalis to mosquitoes, or cinnamon oil, sandalwood oil and turmeric oil are previously reported as insect repellents evaluatede in the laboratory conditions. With the constantly increasing problems of insecticide resistance and increasing public concerns regarding pesticide safety, new, safer active ingredients are becoming necessary to replace existing compounds on the market. The present study carried out in the period 2010-2012 comprises a review of two insect repellents, followed by some new research conducted in our laboratory on plant-derived insect repellents. The two alkaloids tested against the Colorado potato beetle, Leptinotarsa decemlineata Say in laboratory conditions was obtained by water and alchohol extraction from two vegetal species, Cichorium intybus L. (Asterales:Asteraceae and Delphinium consolida L. (Ranales:Ranunculaceae. The tests carried out in laboratory and field experimentally plots under cages permit to evaluate several other compounds for repellent activity of lacctucin alkaloids.

  17. Antimicrobial and Herbal Drug Resistance in Enteric Bacteria Isolated from Faecal Droppings of Common House Lizard/Gecko (Hemidactylus frenatus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bhoj R. Singh

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available From 194 faecal dropping samples of common house geckos collected from offices (60, houses (88, integrated farm units (IFS,18 and hostels, guest houses, and dining rooms of different canteen/mess (HGM, 28, 326 bacterial isolates of enteric bacteria belonging to 17 genera and 34 species were detected. Escherichia coli were the most frequently (39 isolated followed by Citrobacter freundii (33, Klebsiella pneumonia (27, Salmonella indica (12, Enterobacter gergoviae (12, and Ent. agglomerans (11. Other important bacteria isolated from gecko droppings were Listonella damsela (2, Raoultella terrigena (3, S. salamae (2, S. houtenae (3, Edwardsiella tarda (4, Edwardsiella hoshinae (1, and Klebsiella oxytoca (2. Of the 223 isolates tested for antimicrobial drug sensitivity, 27 (12.1% had multiple drug resistance (MDR. None of the salmonellae or edwardsiellae had MDR however, MDR strains were significantly more common among Escherichia spp. (P=1.9×10-5 and isolates from IFS units (P=3.58×10-23. The most effective herbal drug, Ageratum conyzoides extract, inhibited growth of only 27.8% of strains tested followed by ethanolic extract of Zanthoxylum rhetsa (13.9%, eucalyptus oil (5.4%, patchouli oil (5.4%, lemongrass oil (3.6%, and sandalwood oil (3.1%, and Artemisia vulgaris essential oil (3.1%.

  18. Effect of Inhalation of Aromatherapy Oil on Patients with Perennial Allergic Rhinitis: A Randomized Controlled Trial

    Science.gov (United States)

    Choi, Seo Yeon

    2016-01-01

    This study aimed to investigate the effects of aromatherapy oil inhalation on symptoms, quality of life, sleep quality, and fatigue level among adults with perennial allergic rhinitis (PAR). Fifty-four men and women aged between 20 and 60 were randomized to inhale aromatherapy oil containing essential oil from sandalwood, geranium, and Ravensara or almond oil (the placebo) for 5 minutes twice daily for 7 days. PAR symptoms determined by Total Nasal Symptom Score (TNSS), the Rhinoconjunctivitis Quality of Life Questionnaire (RQLQ), sleep quality by Verran Synder-Halpern (VSH) scale, and fatigue level by Chalder Fatigue Scale (CFS) were assessed before and after intervention period. Compared with the placebo, the experimental group showed significant improvement in TNSS, especially in nasal obstruction. The aromatherapy group also showed significantly higher improvements in total score of RQLQ and CFS. These findings indicate that inhalation of certain aromatherapy oil helps relieve PAR symptoms, improve rhinitis-specific quality of life, and reduce fatigue in patients with PAR. In conclusion, inhalation of aromatherapy essential oil may have potential as an effective intervention to alleviate PAR. PMID:27034695

  19. Effect of Inhalation of Aromatherapy Oil on Patients with Perennial Allergic Rhinitis: A Randomized Controlled Trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seo Yeon Choi

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to investigate the effects of aromatherapy oil inhalation on symptoms, quality of life, sleep quality, and fatigue level among adults with perennial allergic rhinitis (PAR. Fifty-four men and women aged between 20 and 60 were randomized to inhale aromatherapy oil containing essential oil from sandalwood, geranium, and Ravensara or almond oil (the placebo for 5 minutes twice daily for 7 days. PAR symptoms determined by Total Nasal Symptom Score (TNSS, the Rhinoconjunctivitis Quality of Life Questionnaire (RQLQ, sleep quality by Verran Synder-Halpern (VSH scale, and fatigue level by Chalder Fatigue Scale (CFS were assessed before and after intervention period. Compared with the placebo, the experimental group showed significant improvement in TNSS, especially in nasal obstruction. The aromatherapy group also showed significantly higher improvements in total score of RQLQ and CFS. These findings indicate that inhalation of certain aromatherapy oil helps relieve PAR symptoms, improve rhinitis-specific quality of life, and reduce fatigue in patients with PAR. In conclusion, inhalation of aromatherapy essential oil may have potential as an effective intervention to alleviate PAR.

  20. Nepetalactones from essential oil of Nepeta cataria represent a stable fly feeding and oviposition repellent.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, J J; Berkebile, D R; Dunlap, C A; Zhang, A; Boxler, D; Tangtrakulwanich, K; Behle, R W; Baxendale, F; Brewer, G

    2012-06-01

    The stable fly, Stomoxys calcitrans (L.) (Diptera: Muscidae), is one of the most serious pests to livestock. It feeds mainly on cattle and causes significant economic losses in the cattle industry. Standard stable fly control involving insecticides and sanitation is usually costly and often has limited effectiveness. As we continue to evaluate and develop safer fly control strategies, the present study reports on the effectiveness of catnip (Nepeta cataria L.) oil and its constituent compounds, nepetalactones, as stable fly repellents. The essential oil of catnip reduced the feeding of stable flies by >96% in an in vitro bioassay system, compared with other sesquiterpene-rich plant oils (e.g. amyris and sandalwood). Catnip oil demonstrated strong repellency against stable flies relative to other chemicals for repelling biting insects, including isolongifolenone, 2-methylpiperidinyl-3-cyclohexen-1-carboxamide and (1S,2'S)-2-methylpiperidinyl-3-cyclohexen-1-carboxamide. The repellency against stable flies of the most commonly used mosquito repellent, DEET, was relatively low. In field trials, two formulations of catnip oil provided >95% protection and were effective for up to 6 h when tested on cattle. Catnip oil also acted as a strong oviposition repellent and reduced gravid stable fly oviposition by 98%. Published 2011. This article is a U.S. Government work and is in the public domain in the USA.

  1. Novel Hypomorphic Alleles of the Mouse Tyrosinase Gene Induced by CRISPR-Cas9 Nucleases Cause Non-Albino Pigmentation Phenotypes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Challa, Anil K; Boitet, Evan R; Turner, Ashley N; Johnson, Larry W; Kennedy, Daniel; Downs, Ethan R; Hymel, Katherine M; Gross, Alecia K; Kesterson, Robert A

    2016-01-01

    Tyrosinase is a key enzyme in melanin biosynthesis. Mutations in the gene encoding tyrosinase (Tyr) cause oculocutaneous albinism (OCA1) in humans. Alleles of the Tyr gene have been useful in studying pigment biology and coat color formation. Over 100 different Tyr alleles have been reported in mice, of which ≈24% are spontaneous mutations, ≈60% are radiation-induced, and the remaining alleles were obtained by chemical mutagenesis and gene targeting. Therefore, most mutations were random and could not be predicted a priori. Using the CRISPR-Cas9 system, we targeted two distinct regions of exon 1 to induce pigmentation changes and used an in vivo visual phenotype along with heteroduplex mobility assays (HMA) as readouts of CRISPR-Cas9 activity. Most of the mutant alleles result in complete loss of tyrosinase activity leading to an albino phenotype. In this study, we describe two novel in-frame deletion alleles of Tyr, dhoosara (Sanskrit for gray) and chandana (Sanskrit for sandalwood). These alleles are hypomorphic and show lighter pigmentation phenotypes of the body and eyes. This study demonstrates the utility of CRISPR-Cas9 system in generating domain-specific in-frame deletions and helps gain further insights into structure-function of Tyr gene.

  2. Novel Hypomorphic Alleles of the Mouse Tyrosinase Gene Induced by CRISPR-Cas9 Nucleases Cause Non-Albino Pigmentation Phenotypes.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anil K Challa

    Full Text Available Tyrosinase is a key enzyme in melanin biosynthesis. Mutations in the gene encoding tyrosinase (Tyr cause oculocutaneous albinism (OCA1 in humans. Alleles of the Tyr gene have been useful in studying pigment biology and coat color formation. Over 100 different Tyr alleles have been reported in mice, of which ≈24% are spontaneous mutations, ≈60% are radiation-induced, and the remaining alleles were obtained by chemical mutagenesis and gene targeting. Therefore, most mutations were random and could not be predicted a priori. Using the CRISPR-Cas9 system, we targeted two distinct regions of exon 1 to induce pigmentation changes and used an in vivo visual phenotype along with heteroduplex mobility assays (HMA as readouts of CRISPR-Cas9 activity. Most of the mutant alleles result in complete loss of tyrosinase activity leading to an albino phenotype. In this study, we describe two novel in-frame deletion alleles of Tyr, dhoosara (Sanskrit for gray and chandana (Sanskrit for sandalwood. These alleles are hypomorphic and show lighter pigmentation phenotypes of the body and eyes. This study demonstrates the utility of CRISPR-Cas9 system in generating domain-specific in-frame deletions and helps gain further insights into structure-function of Tyr gene.

  3. Micellar electrokinetic chromatography method for the determination of several natural red dyestuff and lake pigments used in art work.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maguregui, M I; Alonso, R M; Barandiaran, M; Jimenez, R M; García, N

    2007-06-22

    The identification of organic colorants used in artistic paintings is an important information source for reconstructing the working techniques found in a particular work and for defining a programme for the restoration and conservation of the painting. In this work, sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) was used as a surfactant in micellar electrokinetic chromatography (MEKC) for separating a broad range of red organic pigments, based on their colouring matters: madder (colouring matters: alizarin, quinizarin and purpurin), cochineal (colouring matter: carminic acid), red sandalwood (colouring matter: santalin), brazilwood (colouring matter: brazilin), lac dye (colouring matter: laccaic acid) and dragon's blood (colouring matter: dracorhodin). The running electrolyte used was 20 mM borax (pH 9), containing 20 mM SDS and 10% acetonitrile as organic modifier. Separation was carried out by applying a +20 kV voltage at the injection end, 25 degrees C and 214 nm/254 nm as detection wavelengths. All colorants were separated within less than 13 min with a good baseline resolution. The method was applied to the analysis of paint samples obtained from the Diocesan Museum of Holy Art of Bilbao.

  4. The battle against multi-resistant strains: Renaissance of antimicrobial essential oils as a promising force to fight hospital-acquired infections.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Warnke, Patrick H; Becker, Stephan T; Podschun, Rainer; Sivananthan, Sureshan; Springer, Ingo N; Russo, Paul A J; Wiltfang, Joerg; Fickenscher, Helmut; Sherry, Eugene

    2009-10-01

    Hospital-acquired infections and antibiotic-resistant bacteria continue to be major health concerns worldwide. Particularly problematic is methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and its ability to cause severe soft tissue, bone or implant infections. First used by the Australian Aborigines, Tea tree oil and Eucalyptus oil (and several other essential oils) have each demonstrated promising efficacy against several bacteria and have been used clinically against multi-resistant strains. Several common and hospital-acquired bacterial and yeast isolates (6 Staphylococcus strains including MRSA, 4 Streptococcus strains and 3 Candida strains including Candida krusei) were tested for their susceptibility for Eucalyptus, Tea tree, Thyme white, Lavender, Lemon, Lemongrass, Cinnamon, Grapefruit, Clove Bud, Sandalwood, Peppermint, Kunzea and Sage oil with the agar diffusion test. Olive oil, Paraffin oil, Ethanol (70%), Povidone iodine, Chlorhexidine and hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) served as controls. Large prevailing effective zones of inhibition were observed for Thyme white, Lemon, Lemongrass and Cinnamon oil. The other oils also showed considerable efficacy. Remarkably, almost all tested oils demonstrated efficacy against hospital-acquired isolates and reference strains, whereas Olive and Paraffin oil from the control group produced no inhibition. As proven in vitro, essential oils represent a cheap and effective antiseptic topical treatment option even for antibiotic-resistant strains as MRSA and antimycotic-resistant Candida species.

  5. Distribution, host plants and natural enemies of sugar beet root aphid (Pemphigus fuscicornis In Slovakia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tóth Peter

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available During 2003-2004, field surveys were realized to observe the distribution of sugar beet aphid, Pemphigus fuscicornis (K o c h (Sternorrhyncha Pemphigidae in southwestern Slovakia. The research was carried out at 60 different localities with altitudes 112-220 m a. s. l. Sugar beet root aphid was recorded at 30 localities. The aphid was recorded in Slovakia for the first time, but its occurrence was predicted and symptoms and harmfulness overlooked by now. The presence of P. fuscicornis was investigated on roots of various plants from Chenopodiaceae. The most important host plants were various species of lambsquarters (above all Chenopodium album. Furthermore sugar beet (Beta vulgaris provar. altissima, red beet (B. vulgaris provar. conditiva and oraches (Atriplex spp act as host plants. Infestation of sugar beet by P. fuscicornis never exceeded 5% at single locality in Slovakia. Dry and warm weather create presumptions for strong harmfulness. In Slovakia, Chenopodium album is a very important indicator of sugar beet aphid presence allowing evaluation of control requirements. During the study, the larvae of Thaumatomyia glabra (Diptera: Chloropidae were detected as important natural enemies of sugar beet aphid. The species occurred at each location evaluated.

  6. Enzyme inhibitory and radical scavenging effects of some antidiabetic plants of Turkey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nilüfer Orhan

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Objective(s:Ethnopharmacological field surveys demonstrated that many plants, such as Gentiana olivieri, Helichrysum graveolens, Helichrysum plicatum ssp. plicatum, Juniperus oxycedrus ssp. oxycedrus, Juniperus  communis var. saxatilis, Viscum album (ssp. album, ssp. austriacum, are used as traditional medicine for diabetes in different regions of Anatolia. The present study was designed to evaluate the in vitro antidiabetic effects of some selected plants, tested in animal models recently. Materials and Methods: α-glucosidase and α-amylase enzyme inhibitory effects of the plant extracts were investigated and Acarbose was used as a reference drug. Additionally, radical scavenging capacities were determined using 2,2'-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulphonic acid ABTS radical cation scavenging assay and total phenolic content of the extracts were evaluated using Folin Ciocalteu method. Results: H. graveolens ethanol extract exhibited the highest inhibitory activity (55.7 % ± 2.2 on α-amylase enzyme. Additionally, J. oxycedrus hydro-alcoholic leaf extract had potent α-amylase inhibitory effect, while the hydro-alcoholic extract of J. communis fruit showed the highest α-glucosidase inhibitory activity (IC50: 4.4 μg/ml. Conclusion:Results indicated that, antidiabetic effect of hydro-alcoholic extracts of H. graveolens capitulums, J. communis fruit and J. oxycedrus leaf might arise from inhibition of digestive enzymes.

  7. The influence of intercrop plants and the date of their ploughing-in on weed infestation of root chicory (Cichorium intybus L. var. sativum (Bisch. Janch.

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    Marzena Błażewicz-Woźniak

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The field experiment was carried out in 2006-2008 in the Felin Experimental Farm (University of Life Sciences in Lublin on podzolic soil developed from dusty medium loam. Root chicory (Cichorium intybus L. var. sativum (Bisch. Janch. cv. Polanowicka was involved in the experiment. The experimental factors were 3 species of intercrop plants: common vetch (Vicia sativa, phacelia (Phacelia tanacetifolia, oat (Avena sativa and 2 dates of ploughing-in: pre-winter and spring. In total, 26 taxons characteristic for vegetable plantations were identified in chicory weed infestation. Monocarpic species dominated, among which Senecio vulgaris, Chenopodium album, Lamium amplexicaule, Galinsoga ciliata, and Capsella bursa-pastoris were predominant. The date of ploughing-in did not significantly affect the status and size of weed infestation of chicory plots. Short-lived species occurred after pre-winter ploughing-in, while perennial - after spring ploughing-in. The application of intercrops significantly reduced chicory weed infestation as compared to the cultivation with no intercrop. The ploughing-in of Avena sativa biomass appeared to be the most efficient. The intercrop plants reduced the occurrence of Senecio vulgaris and Capsella bursa-pastoris which were the most numerous in the treatment without intercrops. Biomass of Vicia sativa favored the growth of Chenopodium album and Lamium amplexicaule. The secondary weed infestation did not depend on agrotechnical factors applied during the experiment.

  8. Event recognition in personal photo collections via multiple instance learning-based classification of multiple images

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahmad, Kashif; Conci, Nicola; Boato, Giulia; De Natale, Francesco G. B.

    2017-11-01

    Over the last few years, a rapid growth has been witnessed in the number of digital photos produced per year. This rapid process poses challenges in the organization and management of multimedia collections, and one viable solution consists of arranging the media on the basis of the underlying events. However, album-level annotation and the presence of irrelevant pictures in photo collections make event-based organization of personal photo albums a more challenging task. To tackle these challenges, in contrast to conventional approaches relying on supervised learning, we propose a pipeline for event recognition in personal photo collections relying on a multiple instance-learning (MIL) strategy. MIL is a modified form of supervised learning and fits well for such applications with weakly labeled data. The experimental evaluation of the proposed approach is carried out on two large-scale datasets including a self-collected and a benchmark dataset. On both, our approach significantly outperforms the existing state-of-the-art.

  9. Investigation of Arsenic-Stressed Yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae as a Bioassay in Homeopathic Basic Research

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    Tim Jäger

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available This study investigated the response of arsenic-stressed yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae towards homeopathically potentized Arsenicum album, a duckweed nosode, and gibberellic acid. The three test substances were applied in five potency levels (17x, 18x, 24x, 28x, 30x and compared to controls (unsuccussed and succussed water with respect to influencing specific growth parameters. Five independent experiments were evaluated for each test substance. Additionally, five water control experiments were analyzed to investigate the stability of the experimental setup (systematic negative control experiments. All experiments were randomized and blinded. Yeast grew in microplates over a period of 38 h in either potentized substances or water controls with 250 mg/l arsenic(V added over the entire cultivation period. Yeast's growth kinetics (slope, Et50, and yield were measured photometrically. The test system exhibited a low coefficient of variation (slope 1.2%, Et50 0.3%, yield 2.7%. Succussed water did not induce any significant differences compared to unsuccussed water. Data from the control and treatment groups were both pooled to increase statistical power. In this study with yeast, no significant effects were found for any outcome parameter or any homeopathic treatment. Since in parallel experiments arsenic-stressed duckweed showed highly significant effects after application of potentized Arsenicum album and duckweed nosode preparations from the same batch as used in the present study, some specific properties of this experimental setup with yeast must be responsible for the lacking response.

  10. The Role of Female Search Behaviour in Determining Host Plant Range in Plant Feeding Insects: A Test of the Information Processing Hypothesis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Janz, Niklas; Nylin, Soren

    1997-05-01

    Recent theoretical studies have suggested that host range in herbivorous insects may be more restricted by constraints on information processing on the ovipositing females than by trade-offs in larval feeding efficiency. We have investigated if females from polyphagous species have to pay for their ability to localize and evaluate plants from different species with a lower ability to discriminate between conspecific host plants with differences in quality. Females of the monophagous butterflies Polygonia satyrus, Vanessa indica and Inachis io and the polyphagous P. c-album and Cynthia cardui (all in Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae) were given a simultaneous choice of stinging nettles (Urtica dioica) of different quality. In addition, the same choice trial was given to females from two populations of P. c-album with different degrees of specificity. As predicted from the information processing hypothesis, all specialists discriminated significantly against the bad quality nettle, whereas the generalists laid an equal amount of eggs on both types of nettle. There were no corresponding differences between specialist and generalist larvae in their ability to utilize poor quality leaves. Our study therefore suggests that female host-searching behaviour plays an important role in determining host plant range.

  11. Trophic relations of Opatrum sabulosum (Coleoptera, Tenebrionidae with leaves of cultivated and uncultivated species of herbaceous plants under laboratory conditions

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    Viktor Brygadyrenko

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available We carried out a quantitative assessment of the consumption of herbaceous plants by Opatrum sabulosum (Linnaeus, 1761 – a highly significant agricultural pest species. We researched the feeding preferences of this pest species with respect to 33 uncultivated and 22 cultivated plant species. This species of darkling beetle feeds on many uncultivated plant species, including those with hairy leaves and bitter milky sap, such as Scabiosa ucrainca (5.21 mg/specimen/24 hours, Euphorbia virgata (3.45, Solanum nigrum (3.32, Centauria scabiosa (2.47, Lamium album (2.41, Aristolochia clematitis (1.76, Chenopodium album (1.73, Arctium lappa (1.51, Asperula odorata (1.20. A high rate of leaf consumption is also characteristic for cultivated species, for example, Perilla nankinensis (5.05 mg/specimen/24 hours, Lycopersicon esculentum (3.75, Tropaeolum majus (3.29, Nicotiana tabacum (2.66, Rumex acetosa (1.96, Beta vulgaris (1.27. O. sabulosum is capable of feeding on plants which are poisonous to cattle. This species of darkling beetle consumes 95.5% of the cultivated and 48.5% of the uncultivated herbaceous plants researched.

  12. Interactive searching of facial image databases

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nicholls, Robert A.; Shepherd, John W.; Shepherd, Jean

    1995-09-01

    A set of psychological facial descriptors has been devised to enable computerized searching of criminal photograph albums. The descriptors have been used to encode image databased of up to twelve thousand images. Using a system called FACES, the databases are searched by translating a witness' verbal description into corresponding facial descriptors. Trials of FACES have shown that this coding scheme is more productive and efficient than searching traditional photograph albums. An alternative method of searching the encoded database using a genetic algorithm is currenly being tested. The genetic search method does not require the witness to verbalize a description of the target but merely to indicate a degree of similarity between the target and a limited selection of images from the database. The major drawback of FACES is that is requires a manual encoding of images. Research is being undertaken to automate the process, however, it will require an algorithm which can predict human descriptive values. Alternatives to human derived coding schemes exist using statistical classifications of images. Since databases encoded using statistical classifiers do not have an obvious direct mapping to human derived descriptors, a search method which does not require the entry of human descriptors is required. A genetic search algorithm is being tested for such a purpose.

  13. Argentine folk medicine: genotoxic effects of Chenopodiaceae family.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gadano, A B; Gurni, A A; Carballo, M A

    2006-01-16

    Chenopodium ambrosioides L. and Chenopodium multifidum L. (Chenopodiaceae), common name: Paico, are medicinal plants. They are aromatic shrubs growing in South America. For centuries, they have been used due to its medicinal properties. However, there are few reports in literature about the genotoxic effects of these plants. There for, the aim of these work is the evaluation of genetic damage induced by decoction and infusion of this plants which were assayed in different concentrations (1, 10, 100, 1,000 microL extract/mL culture), by addition of the extract to human lymphocyte cell cultures, negative controls were included. The endpoints evaluated were chromosomal aberrations (CA), sister chromatid exchanges (SCE), cell proliferation kinetics (CPK) and mitotic index (MI). The repeated measure analysis of variance was used for statistic evaluation of the results. The results showed: (a) statistical increase in the percentage of cells with CA and in the frequency of SCE when cultures were exposed to both aromatic plants, (b) a decrease in MI of both Paicos assayed, although no modification in the CPK values was observed, (c) no effect was noticed in the analysis of Chenopodium album L., which was used as negative control of the essential oil. These results suggest a cyto and genotoxic effect of Chenopodium ambrosioides and Chenopodium multifidum aqueous extracts related to the essential oil of the plant (as Chenopodium album did not perform).

  14. Chitosan conjugation enables intracellular bacteria susceptible to aminoglycoside antibiotic.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mu, Haibo; Niu, Hong; Wang, Dongdong; Sun, Feifei; Sun, Yuelin; Duan, Jinyou

    2016-11-01

    Most chronic infections are difficult to eradicate because bacteria capable of surviving in host-infected cells may be protected from the killing actions of antibiotics, leading to therapy failures and disease relapses. Here we demonstrated that covalent-coupling chitosan to streptomycin significantly improved intracellular bactericidal capacity towards multiple organisms within phagocytic or nonphagocytic cells. Structure-activity relationship investigations indicated that antibiotic contents, molecular size and positive charges of the conjugate were the key to retain this intracellular bactericidal activity. Mechanistic insight demonstrated the conjugate was capable to target and eliminate endocytic or endosomal escaped bacteria through facilitating the direct contact between the antibiotic and intracellular organism. In vivo acute infection models indicated that compared to equal dose of the antibiotic, chitosan-streptomycin (C-S) conjugate and especially the human serum album binding chitosan-streptomycin conjugate (HCS) complex formed by human serum album and C-S conjugate greatly decreased the bacteria burden in the spleen and liver in both wild type and immuno-suppressive mice. Furthermore, the HCS complex remarkably reduced mortality of infected TLR2 deficient mice, mimicking immune-compromised persons who were more susceptible to bacterial infections. These findings might open up a new avenue to combat intracellular bacterial infection by aminoglycosides antibiotics at a lower effective dose. © The Author 2016. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  15. Multispecies weed competition and their economic threshold on the wheat crop Interferência e nível de dano econômico de várias espécies infestantes na cultura de trigo

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    J. Gherekhloo

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Two field experiments were conducted to evaluate the effects of multispecies weed competition on wheat grain yield and to determine their economic threshold on the crop. The experiments were conducted in 2002, on two sites in Iran: at the Agricultural Research Station on Ferdowsi University of Mashhad (E1 and on the fields of Shirvan's Agricultural College (E2. A 15 x 50 m area of a 15 ha wheat field in E1 and a 15 x 50 m area of a 28 ha wheat field in E2 were selected as experimental sites. These areas were managed like other parts of the fields, except for the use of herbicides. At the beginning of the shooting stage, 30 points were randomly selected by dropping a 50 x 50 cm square marker on each site. The weeds present in E1 were: Avena ludoviciana, Chenopodium album, Solanum nigrum, Stellaria holostea, Convolvulus spp., Fumaria spp., Sonchus spp., and Polygonum aviculare. In E2 the weeds were A. ludoviciana, Erysimum sp., P. aviculare, Rapistrum rugosum, C. album, Salsola kali, and Sonchus sp. The data obtained within the sampled squares were submitted to regression equations and weeds densities were calculated in terms of TCL (Total Competitive Load. The regression analysis model indicated that only A. ludoviciana, Convolvulus spp. and C. album, in E1; and A. ludoviciana, S. kali, and R. rugosum, in E2 had a significant effect on the wheat yield reduction. Weed economic thresholds were 5.23 TCL in E1 and 6.16 TCL in E2; which were equivalent to 5 plants m-2 of A. ludoviciana or 12 plants m-2 of Convolvulus spp. or 19 plants m-2 of C. album in E1; and 6 plants m-2 A. ludoviciana, 13 plants m-2 S. kali and 27 plants m-2 R. rugosum in E2. Simulations of economic weed thresholds using several wheat grain prices and weed control costs allowed a better comparison of the experiments, suggesting that a more competitive crop at location E1 than at E2 was the cause of a lower weed competitive ability at the first location.Foram realizados dois

  16. Mystery photos: Christmas edition

    CERN Multimedia

    Alex Brown, Jens Vigen, Rosaria Marraffino

    2014-01-01

    Paraphrasing George R.R. Martin's novel Game of Thrones’ most famous quote: “Christmas is coming”. According to tradition, we’ve themed our last issue of the year to share the spirit of the festivities with our readers. We’ve collected some pictures of snowy scenes and Christmas parties at CERN from our archives.   Identifying pictures and albums in the CERN photo archive continues apace and we still need your help. However, in keeping with the holiday spirit, we’ve set you some Christmassy challenges. Were you at any of the events shown below, or do you recognise anyone in the pictures? Get in touch by email: photo.archive@cern.ch or use the “suggest a caption” link on each picture’s page. So far, more than 33,000 pictures have been uploaded, with nearly 1,000 old album records inspected and about 150 new ones created. We’ve had contact from an ever-increasing number of reti...

  17. Mystery photos from CERN's history

    CERN Multimedia

    Jens Vigen

    2014-01-01

    Over the first 50 years of its existence, before digital photography became the norm, CERN accumulated about a quarter of a million hard-copy images in its archive. Now, a project is underway to digitise the entire collection and make it searchable via the CERN Document Server (CDS).   Some 120,000 black and white images from the period 1955-1985 are currently being digitised, with files being uploaded in batches of several hundred per week. They are then automatically sorted into albums based on the existing information. In most cases, at least some descriptions exist, allowing us to identify the pictures. However, many albums are still in need of titles, the names of the people in the photos, descriptions of equipment, etc., and we believe that much of this information could be crowd-sourced from the CERN community. Here are some highlights from the first few thousand uploads, some of which we do have information about: But what about these pictures? Here we have far less information &...

  18. CROWDSOURCING BASED 3D MODELING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Somogyi

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Web-based photo albums that support organizing and viewing the users’ images are widely used. These services provide a convenient solution for storing, editing and sharing images. In many cases, the users attach geotags to the images in order to enable using them e.g. in location based applications on social networks. Our paper discusses a procedure that collects open access images from a site frequently visited by tourists. Geotagged pictures showing the image of a sight or tourist attraction are selected and processed in photogrammetric processing software that produces the 3D model of the captured object. For the particular investigation we selected three attractions in Budapest. To assess the geometrical accuracy, we used laser scanner and DSLR as well as smart phone photography to derive reference values to enable verifying the spatial model obtained from the web-album images. The investigation shows how detailed and accurate models could be derived applying photogrammetric processing software, simply by using images of the community, without visiting the site.

  19. James Joyce’s Home Rule Comet, Elvis Costello’s Anglo-Irish Agreement

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    Dermot Kelly

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available It is a truism that Anglo-Irish relations did not progress in the eighty odd years between Joyce’s Trieste lectures and articles and Elvis Costello’s King of America album. If anything they regressed. As Declan Kiberd and others have noted, Joyce foresaw the partitioning of Ireland and, as Greil Marcus has shown, the dark melodies of Costello’s 1986 album are an acrid response to Thatcherism. Tracks like “Sleep of the Just” and “Little Palaces” are threnodies of diaspora. Of course Joyce was prophetic and my reading of Ulysses enables me to fill in the backstory of Marcus’s visceral lines about “Little Palaces” in his 1986 Artforum review: for instance, Bloom’s speech from the dock when he is accused of assaulting the serving girl Mary Driscoll actually reveals the unhappiness of this immigrant’s son. My paper traces continuities of Irish dispossession from Joyce’s “Ireland, Island of Saints and Sages” lecture to Costello’s “Little Palaces” on the one hand and from the Trieste lecture on Mangan to “Sleep of the Just” on the other. I conclude with reflections on Irish absurdism and the seachange in Joyce studies occasioned by the work of critics like Seamus Deane who foreshadowed the Northern Ireland peace process with essays like “Joyce and Nationalism” (1982.

  20. [Construction and expression of recombinant human serum albumin-EPO fusion protein].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Ying-Chun; Gou, Xing-Hua; Han, Lei; Li, De-Hua; Zhao, Lan-Ying; Wu, Qia-Qing

    2011-05-01

    OBJECTIVE To construct the recombinant plasmid pCI-HLE encoding human serum album-EPO (HSA-EPO) fusion protein and to express it in CHO cell. The cDNA encoding human serum album and EPO were amplified by PCR, and then spliced with the synsitic DNA fragment encoding GS (GGGGS), by overlap PCR extension to form LEPO. After BamH I digestion, the HSA and LEPO was ligated to generate the fusion HSA-EPO gene and was then cloned into the expression vector pCI-neo to generate the recombinant plasmid pCI-HLE. The plasmid pCI-HLE was transfected into CHO cell by liposome protocol. Then, the recombinant cells were screened by G418 and identified by PCR and Western blot. Expression of fusion protein was evaluated by Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA). Restrictive enzymes digestion and DNA sequencing revealed that HSA-EPO fusion gene was cloned into expression vector pCI-neo successfully. PCR and Western blot analysis confirmed that the fusion gene was integrated in the genome of CHO cells and expressed successfully. The HSA-EPO production varied from 86 Iu/(mL x 10(6) x 72 h) to 637 IU/(mLx 10(6) x 72 h). The results confirmed that HSA-EPO fusion gene can be expressed in the CHO cells, with EPO immunogenicity, which could serve as foundation for the development of long-lasting recombinant HSA-EPO protein.

  1. Record Club

    CERN Multimedia

    Record Club

    2012-01-01

      Les nouveautés du mois de mars sont à présent disponible au club. Nous avons acheté 42 DVD et 10 CD. Dans les DVD, vous trouverez l’intégrale des dessins animés de Tintin ainsi que le film réalisé par Steven Spielberg et Peter Jackson ; des comédies avec les 2 films de « la nouvelle guerre des boutons » et aussi Johnny English 2, Bad Teacher et Very Bad Trip 2 (disponible en DVD et en Blu-Ray) ; de la science-fiction avec Captain America, Real Steel, la planète des singes et quelques classiques comme les dents de la mer de Spielberg et les affranchis de Scorsese. Coté CD, l’album de Lana Del Rey, le nouvel album de Paul McCartney et celui de Amy Winehouse. Toutes les nouveautés sont à découvrir directement au club. Pour en connaître la liste complète ainsi que le reste de la collec...

  2. Adaptive Greedy Dictionary Selection for Web Media Summarization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cong, Yang; Liu, Ji; Sun, Gan; You, Quanzeng; Li, Yuncheng; Luo, Jiebo

    2017-01-01

    Initializing an effective dictionary is an indispensable step for sparse representation. In this paper, we focus on the dictionary selection problem with the objective to select a compact subset of basis from original training data instead of learning a new dictionary matrix as dictionary learning models do. We first design a new dictionary selection model via l 2,0 norm. For model optimization, we propose two methods: one is the standard forward-backward greedy algorithm, which is not suitable for large-scale problems; the other is based on the gradient cues at each forward iteration and speeds up the process dramatically. In comparison with the state-of-the-art dictionary selection models, our model is not only more effective and efficient, but also can control the sparsity. To evaluate the performance of our new model, we select two practical web media summarization problems: 1) we build a new data set consisting of around 500 users, 3000 albums, and 1 million images, and achieve effective assisted albuming based on our model and 2) by formulating the video summarization problem as a dictionary selection issue, we employ our model to extract keyframes from a video sequence in a more flexible way. Generally, our model outperforms the state-of-the-art methods in both these two tasks.

  3. Perceptual segmentation: combining image segmentation with object tagging.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bergman, Ruth; Nachlieli, Hila

    2011-06-01

    Human observers understand the content of an image intuitively. Based upon image content, they perform many image-related tasks, such as creating slide shows and photo albums, and organizing their image archives. For example, to select photos for an album, people assess image quality based upon the main objects in the image. They modify colors in an image based upon the color of important objects, such as sky, grass or skin. Serious photographers might modify each object separately. Photo applications, in contrast, use low-level descriptors to guide similar tasks. Typical descriptors, such as color histograms, noise level, JPEG artifacts and overall sharpness, can guide an imaging application and safeguard against blunders. However, there is a gap between the outcome of such operations and the same task performed by a person. We believe that the gap can be bridged by automatically understanding the content of the image. This paper presents algorithms for automatic tagging of perceptual objects in images, including sky, skin, and foliage, which constitutes an important step toward this goal.

  4. Marketing and materiality in the popular music transmedia of Gorillaz’ Plastic Beach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alex JEFFERY

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available The entertainment complexes of narrative transmedia contain few instances based in popular music. However, those that exist provide intriguing case studies, highly distinct from those based in film and television. The most fully realized of these, Gorillaz’ Plastic Beach (2010, is rich in visual media typical of popular music culture, including sleeve art, animated music videos. The tangible materiality foregrounded in these visuals stems from the main ecological theme of the album: the disposability of plastic waste. Using methods of analysis of the original texts, and a survey of the networked fan practices that respond to them, the essay theorizes that the material and haptic invitation in these visuals is at odds with the diminishing presence of physical consumables within popular music culture. It then argues that fans enter into this gap with their own creative practices, making and playing with hand-made or customized objects inspired by Plastic Beach, activating unexploited, marketing potential within the album. Although current applications of this research are limited due to the low frequency of popular music transmedia case studies, it points the way forward to theoretically more successful marketing strategies in the future.

  5. Determination of fungal pathogens of common weed species in the vicinity of Tokat, Turkey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kadioğlu, I; Karamanli, N; Yanar, Y

    2010-01-01

    This study was carried out to determine the fungal pathogens on Chenopodium album L., Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop., Convolvulus arvensis L., Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers., Delphinium consolida L., Portulaca oleracea L., Rumex crispus L., Solanum nigrum L., Sorghum halepense (L.) Pers. and Xanthium strumarium L. which were common weed species of agricultural areas. Surveys were conducted in May-June and August-September in 2004-2005 growing seasons. During the surveys density and frequency of the above mentioned weed species were also determined and number of infected plants was counted in each sampling area. Infected weed samples were collected from each sampling point and brought to the laboratory in polyethylene bags and the pathogens were identified at genus or species level. As a result of two year surveys, ten fungal pathogens were determined on eight weed species. The most important fungal pathogens determined on common weed species were as follow; Peronospora farinosa (Fr.) Fr. on C. album, and Septoria convolvuli DC., Erysiphe convolvuli DC., and Puccinia punctiformis (Strauss) Roehrl. on C. arvensis. These fungal diseases were observed mainly on the weeds located at the borders of fields. Infection rates of these pathogens reached up to 21.2% in some of the survey areas. Further studies should be conducted to evaluate the efficacy of these pathogen under in vitro and in vivo conditions.

  6. Inhibitory effects of monoterpenes on seed germination and seedling growth.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kordali, Saban; Cakir, Ahmet; Sutay, Sunay

    2007-01-01

    Monoterpenes, the chemical constituents of essential oils found in plants, are known biologically active compounds. The present study was conducted to investigate the inhibitory effects of 30 monoterpenes including monoterpene hydrocarbons and oxygenated monoterpenes on seed germination and seedling growth of Amaranthus retroflexus, Chenopodium album and Rumex crispus under laboratory conditions. The monoterpenes were applied at contents of 10 and 20 microl for liquid compounds and 10 and 20 microg for solid compounds. The results show that most of the monoterpenes significantly inhibited seed germination and seedling growth of the tested plants. Oxygenated monoterpenes including beta-citronellol, nerol and terpinen-4-ol completely inhibited seed germination and seedling growth of all tested plants. Their inhibitory effects were also stronger than that of the herbicide 2,4-D. In general, monoterpenes were less effective against seed germination and seedling growth of C. album as compared with R. crispus and A. retroflexus. Phytotoxic effects of monoterpene hydrocarbons were found to be lower than those of oxygenated monoterpenes. The alcohol derivatives of oxygenated monoterpenes were also found to be more phytotoxic as compared with their acetate derivatives. Based on the present results, it can be concluded that the oxygenated monoterpenes can be used as potential bio-herbicides.

  7. Rebeca Matte. El cuerpo de la histeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gloria Cortés Aliaga

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available In 1876-77 Bourneville and Regnard published in France the album Iconographie Photographique de la Salpêtrière with studies of the psychiatrist Jean-Martin Charcot (1825-1893. The album gave account of the phases of hysteria in the most important psychiatric hospice of Paris and its images reproduced a series of postures that became an iconographical and theatrical source for a series of problematic female. Twenty-three years later, the chilean sculptress Rebeca Matte sent to the official Salon the work Horace (1899, characterized by physical and psychological rigidity that are associated with the hysterical-epileptic attacks seizures and to certain states of dementia framed in experiences of delirium, paralysis and abandonment of reason. From Horace Rebeca brings out its chisel a variety of figures and neighboring neurotic, phallic and histrionic that allow wonder on the reception of psychoanalysis and the study of hysteria in the female space. Could they be instruments of sublimation that allow experiencing the most widespread disorders of the female "madness”? Or rather tools of reporting on what psychoanalysis defined as a delimitation of "being a woman"?

  8. Isolation of keratinophilic fungi from soil in Isfahan province, Iran.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kachuei, R; Emami, M; Naeimi, B; Diba, K

    2012-03-01

    To evaluate the epidemiology of keratophilic fungi in Isfahan province, Iran. The present research has been conducted on soil samples collected from 16 townships of Isfahan province. For isolate geophilic dermatophytes and keratinophilic fungi, the keratin baiting technique has been applied. Of 800 soil samples examined, 588 (73.5%) keratinophilic fungi were isolated. The present studied recognized 727 isolates including 16 species of 11 genus, as follows: Chrysosporium keratinophilum (31.4%), C. pannicola (16.9%), C. tropicum (15.4%), Microsporum gypseum (12.4%), Chrysosporium spp. (9.9%), C. indicum (7%), Sepedonium spp. (3.3%), Malbranchia spp. (1%), Trichophyton terrestre (0.8%), T. ajelloi and Paecilomyces lilacinus (0.4%), Engyodontium album and Acremonium spp. (0.3%), Curvularia spp., Fusarium spp. and Ulocladium spp. (0.1%). In this study, E. album was isolated for the first time in this country (Iran). The frequency these keratinophilic fungi are discussed in relation to different agents such as soil pH. This study contributes to the knowledge of keratophilic fungi in Iran. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  9. Mystery photos: challenge No. 3!

    CERN Multimedia

    Alex Brown, Jens Vigen, Rosaria Marraffino

    2014-01-01

    In recent weeks, we have been asking Bulletin readers to help us identify mystery pictures from the CERN archive.   Over 23,000 pictures have now been uploaded, more than 16,000 of which have been matched to some 1,100 albums. We have checked over 500 of these albums to make sure they contain the right pictures, improving and translating their titles as we go along. But we still need help in getting picture-level information.  The public response has kept up at a steady pace and we are still receiving many useful e-mails every day from all around the world (if you have sent us an e-mail, we promise to answer it as soon as possible). Especially helpful contributions have come from the many CERN retirees contacting us to share their memories, especially in terms of recognising individual people. But we are also very glad of the contributions from people who have experience working in similar technical fields who recognise pieces of equipment, or even people with no connection to CERN at a...

  10. Gaps in the archives, or how to build an image from memory (and not the other way around. Three case studies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mela Dávila Freire

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available The article gathers some of the ideas upon which Mela Dávila based her contribution to the seminary Memoria y desacuerdo: políticas del archivo, registro y álbum familiar (Huesca, October 20th-22nd, 2016. Through three case studies, Crónicas Mecas; Territorio archivo and Sammlung Mina Menz, by the German artist Gesa Lange, she considers how the notions of identity, archive and photography are influenced by the everyday act of picture taking. The first is a social project of family albums that the community of O Grove in Pontevedra is developing on Facebook. The second work began in Cerezales del Condado (León and it is an online archive project. It compiles pictures from family albums that are organized by topics. This archive includes voices of the protagonists or their families, explaining the pictures they have contributed to the project. The last work is not strictly an archive, but an artists’ book that considers the notion of the passage of time, where classic ways of documenting the past (drawing and photography are subverted. It is an abstract photographic chronicle, focused on the absence of the characters who once populated the scene under observation. The interaction of fields, disciplines and epistemological practices are shared aspects of these three projects, allowing us to relate photography to anthropology, sociology and personal memory.

  11. Odour maps in the brain of butterflies with divergent host-plant preferences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carlsson, Mikael A; Bisch-Knaden, Sonja; Schäpers, Alexander; Mozuraitis, Raimondas; Hansson, Bill S; Janz, Niklas

    2011-01-01

    Butterflies are believed to use mainly visual cues when searching for food and oviposition sites despite that their olfactory system is morphologically similar to their nocturnal relatives, the moths. The olfactory ability in butterflies has, however, not been thoroughly investigated. Therefore, we performed the first study of odour representation in the primary olfactory centre, the antennal lobes, of butterflies. Host plant range is highly variable within the butterfly family Nymphalidae, with extreme specialists and wide generalists found even among closely related species. Here we measured odour evoked Ca(2+) activity in the antennal lobes of two nymphalid species with diverging host plant preferences, the specialist Aglais urticae and the generalist Polygonia c-album. The butterflies responded with stimulus-specific combinations of activated glomeruli to single plant-related compounds and to extracts of host and non-host plants. In general, responses were similar between the species. However, the specialist A. urticae responded more specifically to its preferred host plant, stinging nettle, than P. c-album. In addition, we found a species-specific difference both in correlation between responses to two common green leaf volatiles and the sensitivity to these compounds. Our results indicate that these butterflies have the ability to detect and to discriminate between different plant-related odorants.

  12. Using Convolutional Neural Network Filters to Measure Left-Right Mirror Symmetry in Images

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anselm Brachmann

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available We propose a method for measuring symmetry in images by using filter responses from Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs. The aim of the method is to model human perception of left/right symmetry as closely as possible. Using the Convolutional Neural Network (CNN approach has two main advantages: First, CNN filter responses closely match the responses of neurons in the human visual system; they take information on color, edges and texture into account simultaneously. Second, we can measure higher-order symmetry, which relies not only on color, edges and texture, but also on the shapes and objects that are depicted in images. We validated our algorithm on a dataset of 300 music album covers, which were rated according to their symmetry by 20 human observers, and compared results with those from a previously proposed method. With our method, human perception of symmetry can be predicted with high accuracy. Moreover, we demonstrate that the inclusion of features from higher CNN layers, which encode more abstract image content, increases the performance further. In conclusion, we introduce a model of left/right symmetry that closely models human perception of symmetry in CD album covers.

  13. Eletroforese em papel das proteínas de líqüidos císticos contidos em tumores do sistema nervoso central

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Spina-França

    1958-09-01

    Full Text Available Estudo do perfil eletroforético das frações protêicas de líquidos de cistos de tumores do sistema nervoso central (6 astrocitomas, um ependimoma, um meningeoma e dois craniofaringeomas. Os achados foram homogêneos para o grupo de astrocitomas, caracterizando-se por elevado teor albumínimo e pequeno teor de α-globulinas. Em relação às proteínas destes líquidos císticos, que constituem o maior grupo estudado, foi encontrado comportamento variável para os líquidos dos outros tipos de tumor: o perfil eletroforético apresentava caracteres semelhantes no caso de ependimoma e diversos nos demais. Estas diferenças se caracterizam especialmente por um teor albumínico menor, achado mais evidente nos casos de craniofaringeoma. Os achados comprovam o valor do estudo eletroforético das proteínas dos líquidos de cistos de tumores do S.N.C, e apontam a possibilidade de serem obtidos dados para compreender a patogenia dessas coleções líqüidas e para auxiliar no diagnóstico da espécie do tumor.

  14. Tuvan music and its discography (principal names, titles, issues of description

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Morten Abildsnes

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available The article presents the author’s work on systematizing the discography of 20th century Tuvan music. The author has been collecting the material for many years and is planning to publish the separate edition of “Tuvan music on compact disks”. The aim of the project is to let all the interested parties, including the Tuvans, to learn about the distribution of Tuvan music around the world. Western CDs are comparatively rarely sold in Tuva. Recording and releasing such disks is usually associated with the tours of Tuvan musicians abroad. The discography starts with the records of Tuvan music on seven disks released by the Moscow Factory of Sound Recording in 1934. The second series of Tuvan music records, which appeared on 17 disks in 1958 is little known. In 1971 the first long-play disk with Tuvan tunes “Tyva aialgalar / Melodii Tuvy” was released. “Sayany” and “Ayan” ensembles recorded mini-albums in 1980’s. The last vinyl mini-albums of Tuvan music are probably the annexes to academic editions of Tuvan folklore. The full discography of CDs includes disks released outside of Tuva – in Western Europe, USA and Moscow. First CDs were released in 1989: a collection of concert records of Soviet artists and the collection of music related to the documentary about Tuva “The Herders of Mongun-Taiga” (Great Britain. The biggest discography of all the Tuvan artists belongs to Sainkho Namtchylak. Her disks are well represented in free international database Discogs, while information about other Tuvan artists is less complete. The article also presents samples of Tuvan throat-singing in the works of other musical collectives and names their disks. Among solo and joint projects in the discography, “Huun Huur Tu” and “Yat Kha” are represented widely. Commercial interest in Tuvan music peaked  in 1999, when one of the biggest labels “Warner Bros” released a solo CD of Kongar-ol Ondar. Since then number of Tuvan CDs has

  15. Response of plants to high concentrations of uranium stress and the screening of remediation plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Tang Yongjin; Luo Xuegang; Zeng Feng; Jiang Shijie

    2013-01-01

    Studies of the resistance and accumulation ability of different plant species to uranium (U) has important influence on the bioremediation of U contaminated soil. The resistance and enrichment ability of high concentrations of U (500 mg · kg -1 soil) in fourteen plant species were investigated and evaluated in this study in order to screen remediation plants for governance soil U contamination. The results showed that: (1) high concentrations of U stress had different effects on the emergence and survival of the different plants. The seed emergence of Hibiscus esculentus was reduced by 2/3, but the seed emergence of Gynura cusimbua (D. Don) S. Moore, Chenopodium album L. and Phaseolus vulgaris var. humilis Alef were not reduced. Under the contaminated soil, all the sesamum indicum died within a month after the emergence and the survival number of Amaranth and Iresine herbstii 'Aureo-reticulata' reduced by about 80%. But the survival number of Alternanthera philoxeroides (Mart.) Griseb., Chenopodium album L. and Phaseolus vulgaris var. humilis Alef were not influenced. (2) The biomass of the plants would be reduced by 8-99% in the uranium-contaminated soil. The anti-stress ability of Phaseolus vulgaris var. humilis Alef was the strongest in the fourteen plants, and Cucurbita pepo L., Sorghumbicolor (L.) Moench, Ipomoea aquatica Forsk, Helianthus annuus, Chenopodium album L. and Alternanthera philoxeroides (Mart.) Griseb. showed some the anti-stress ability. (3) Significant differences were found in the capacity of plants to absorb uranium between under high-uranium contaminated soil and under the non-uranium contaminated soil were. The plants with higher uranium content in thenon-contaminated soil were Gomphrena globosa, and Cucurbita pepo L., which were 2.249 mg · kg -1 DW and 1.620 mg · kg -1 DW, respectively. But the plants with higher uranium content in the high uranium contaminated soil were Cichorium intybus L., Amaranth and Ipomoea aquatica Forsk

  16. Quality of eggs traded in different markets at Imperatriz, Maranhão, Brazil Qualidade de ovos comercializados em diferentes estabelecimentos na cidade de Imperatriz-MA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leilane Rocha Barros Dourado

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available The experiment was led for evaluating the quality of white eggs from different places (supermarkets, free markets and poultry farm eggs. A completely randomized design was used with three treatments (commercial places and five replicates (36 eggs for experimental unit. The studied variables were egg weight, integrity of the shell, albume weight, yolk weight, shell weight, albume % , yolk %, shell%, pH of the yolk and pH of the albume. The obtained data were analyzed by the GLM procedure of the SAS program. White eggs of the day (from the farm and from supermarkets presented the best results (P <0.05 for egg weight and the worst for dirty eggs percentage. Eggs differed (P <0.05 for most of the quality variables, except pH of the yolk. Eggs from supermarkets and free markets are out of the established quality pattern for the suitable category in the label of the packing. Eggs from poultry farm eggs showed the best quality.O experimento foi conduzido para avaliar a qualidade de ovos brancos de granjas de diferentes tipos de estabelecimentos (supermercados, feiras livres e na própria granja. Utilizou-se um delineamento inteiramente casualizado com três tratamentos (estabelecimentos comerciais e cinco repetições (36 ovos por parcela experimental. As variáveis estudadas foram: peso dos ovos, integridade da casca, peso do albúmen, peso da casca, % gema, % de albúmen, pH da gema e pH do albúmen. Os dados obtidos foram analisados estatisticamente pelo procedimento GLM do programa SAS. Os ovos brancos do dia (da granja e os comercializados em supermercados apresentaram melhores resultados (P<0,05 para peso do ovo e pior para porcentagem de ovos sujos. Os ovos diferiram (P<0,05 para a maioria das variáveis de qualidade interna, exceto pH da gema. Conclui-se que os ovos comercializados em supermercados e feiras livres estão fora do padrão de qualidade estabelecido para a categoria indicada no rótulo das embalagens, sendo os comercializados na

  17. QSAR modeling of datasets with enantioselective compounds using chirality sensitive molecular descriptors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kovatcheva, A; Golbraikh, A; Oloff, S; Feng, J; Zheng, W; Tropsha, A

    2005-01-01

    Shape descriptors used in 3D QSAR studies naturally take into account chirality; however, for flexible and structurally diverse molecules such studies require extensive conformational searching and alignment. QSAR modeling studies of two datasets of fragrance compounds with complex stereochemistry using simple alignment-free chirality sensitive descriptors developed in our laboratories are presented. In the first investigation, 44 alpha-campholenic derivatives with sandalwood odor were represented as derivatives of several common structural templates with substituents numbered according to their relative spatial positions in the molecules. Both molecular and substituent descriptors were used as independent variables in MLR calculations, and the best model was characterized by the training set q2 of 0.79 and external test set r2 of 0.95. In the second study, several types of chirality descriptors were employed in combinatorial QSAR modeling of 98 ambergris fragrance compounds. Among 28 possible combinations of seven types of descriptors and four statistical modeling techniques, k nearest neighbor classification with CoMFA descriptors was initially found to generate the best models with the internal and external accuracies of 76 and 89%, respectively. The same dataset was then studied using novel atom pair chirality descriptors (cAP). The cAP are based on a modified definition of the atomic chirality, in which the seniority of the substituents is defined by their relative partial charge values: higher values correspond to higher seniorities. The resulting models were found to have higher predictive power than those developed with CoMFA descriptors; the best model was characterized by the internal and external accuracies of 82 and 94%, respectively. The success of modeling studies using simple alignment free chirality descriptors discussed in this paper suggests that they should be applied broadly to QSAR studies of many datasets when compound stereochemistry plays an

  18. Espace et spatialité chez Kazuo Iwamura

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christophe Meunier

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Pour amorcer une étude sur les représentations de l’espace et les relations que les personnages de l’auteur/illustrateur japonais Kazuo Iwamura tissent avec le territoire qu’ils habitent, je voudrais partir de la double page 10-11 du premier album de la série consacrée à la famille Souris : les quatorze souris ont été obligées de fuir leur habitation d’origine et traversent alors un sous-bois. Kazuo Iwamura les représente dans un espace qu’ils ne connaissent pas, qui leur est donc étranger et...

  19. Effects of a Picture Racetrack Game on the Expressive Vocabulary of Deaf Preschoolers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davenport, Carrie A; Alber-Morgan, Sheila R; Clancy, Shannon M; Kranak, Michael P

    2017-07-01

    This study examined the effects of a picture racetrack game on the acquisition, maintenance, and generalization of picture labeling for 2 preschool students who are deaf. The game consisted of placing photographs representing individualized target vocabulary around a racetrack board and prompting the participant to sign each photo. A multiple baseline design across picture sets demonstrated that playing the picture racetrack game was functionally related to acquisition of vocabulary to 100% mastery on at least 3 consecutive sessions for each participant. Additionally, both participants maintained most of the vocabulary they acquired for at least 4 weeks after intervention, and they generalized picture labeling to a different presentation mode (i.e., a photo album). © The Author 2017. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  20. Pitfalls of nonstandardized photography in facial plastic surgery patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sommer, Doron D; Mendelsohn, Martyn

    2004-07-01

    The authors tested the hypothesis that certain maneuvers (neck flexion/extension and head protrusion/retrusion) alter the appearance of the submental area, jawline, and melolabial groove. They used a questionnaire survey of 20 naïve judges who assessed a standardized photograph album of three subjects. The subjects' faces (frontal and lateral views) were photographed in neutral, neck flexion/extension, and head protrusion/retrusion positions. High Kendall coefficients of correlation were observed in 10 of 12 questions evaluating an improvement in jawline definition with neck extension or head protrusion, as well as in 11 of 12 questions assessing decreased submental soft tissue. All questions relating to the melolabial groove had a correlation coefficient of less than 0.70. Small changes in patient positioning during photodocumentation for facial plastic surgical procedures can cause dramatic changes in the appearance of certain parameters. Standardizing patient positioning for preoperative and postoperative photographs is imperative.

  1. Influência pH na reposta de sementes de plantas daninhas a substâncias promotoras de germinação

    OpenAIRE

    Carmona, Ricardo

    1997-01-01

    Determinou-se o efeito do pH na ação de algumas subst âncias promotoras de germinação em sementes de Chenopodium album L., Avena fatua L. e Rumex crispus L. A azida de sódio (A), nitrato de potássio + etileno (NE), NE + A, NE + A + tiuréia + peróxido de hidrogênio foram testados em solo (em bandej as) e em papel (in vitro) com soluções tampão em ambiente controlado. O efeito do NE no estímulo à germinação de sementes não foi afetado pelo pH na faixa de 3 a 9. A azida de sódio foi a substância...

  2. Influência pH na reposta de sementes de plantas daninhas a substâncias promotoras de germinação Influence of pH on the action of chemicals on weed seeds

    OpenAIRE

    Ricardo Carmona

    1997-01-01

    Determinou-se o efeito do pH na ação de algumas subst âncias promotoras de germinação em sementes de Chenopodium album L., Avena fatua L. e Rumex crispus L. A azida de sódio (A), nitrato de potássio + etileno (NE), NE + A, NE + A + tiuréia + peróxido de hidrogênio foram testados em solo (em bandej as) e em papel (in vitro) com soluções tampão em ambiente controlado. O efeito do NE no estímulo à germinação de sementes não foi afetado pelo pH na faixa de 3 a 9. A azida de sódio foi a substância...

  3. Influência do pH na reposta de sementes de plantas daninhas a substâncias promotoras de germinação

    OpenAIRE

    Carmona, Ricardo

    1997-01-01

    Determinou-se o efeito do pH na ação de algumas substâncias promotoras de germinação em sementes de Chenopodium album L., Avena fatua L. e Rumex crispus L. A azida de sódio (A), nitrato de potássio + etileno (NE), NE + A, NE + A + tiuréia + peróxido de hidrogênio foram testados em solo (em bandej as) e em papel (in vitro) com soluções tampão em ambiente controlado. O efeito do NE no estímulo à germinação de sementes não foi afetado pelo pH na faixa de 3 a 9. A azida de sódio foi a substância ...

  4. África Brasil (1976: uma análise midiática do álbum de Jorge Ben Jor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    OLIVEIRA, Luciana Xavier

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available This article is a study of the musical genre dynamics, articulated to the interpretation of stylistic marks mobilized as addressing strategies inserted in the music of Jorge Ben Jor. In order to do so, we conducted a mediatic analysis over one of his most representativealbums, Africa Brazil (Philips, 1976, also articulating the concepts of mass popular music, diction and popular song. The corpus consists of two songs of this disc, Xica da Silva and Africa Brazil (Zumbi. In this sense, through this methodological exercise, we try to understandhow are structured the grammars of musical genres inscribed in the album, also taking into consideration its dynamics of meaning-making inside the massive brazilian and international popular music.

  5. Sakha Music: Selling 'Exotic' Europeanness in Asia and Asianness in Europe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aimar Ventsel

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available In this paper I compare strategies to sell Sakha music in different countries over a ten-year period with a particular emphasis on 2005–2007. due the fact that local income from performing and selling albums is not sufficient for living the artists from the republic of Sakha are trying to perform as much abroad as possible. When touring abroad, the music and performances have changed over time depending on the region. Sakha artists attempt to respond to the expectations of the audience and modify their program accordingly. In a period from the late 1990s to 2007, the same artists have switched from pop to rock to folk music, using different languages and different costumes, performing as Asian or European artists. comparing these strategies, one can see how Sakha musicians use cultural stereotypes of foreign audiences for economic purposes.

  6. The floristic changes on excluded from agricultural production field after single Roundup spraying

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wojciech Jabłoński

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of experiment conducting on the field, weedy by Agropyron repens (L. P. B. was established what is the degree of elimination of Agropyron repens plants from experimental plots by single Roundup spraying. The changes of the species composition on the fields with different clover-grass mixtures or with Phacelia tanacaetifolia Benth. were studied as well. The stand tables have been made in the first year of the conducting experiment, to determination the density of weeds, after different agricultural practices. It has been found the great elimination of Agropyron repens (L. P. B. plants after Roundup spraying and the great density of Echinochloa crus-galli (L. P. B. plants. It has been found the great density of Chenopodium album L. at VII treatment and Galinsoga parviflora Cav. at III, V, VII and VIII treatments as well (Table I.

  7. Digital Snaps

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sandbye, Mette; Larsen, Jonas

    Purikura Photography / Mette Sandbye -- ch. 7. 'Buying an Instrument Does Not Necessarily Make You a Musician': Studio Photography and the Digital Revolution / Sigrid Lien -- pt. III. NEW PUBLIC FORMS -- ch. 8 Paparazzi Photography, Seriality and the Digital Photo Archive / Anne Jerslev and Mette Mortensen......The New Face of Snapshot Photography / Jonas Larsen and Mette Sandbye -- pt. I. IMAGES ON WEB 2.0 AND THE CAMERA PHONE -- ch. 1. Overlooking, Rarely Looking and Not Looking / Martin Lister -- ch. 2. The (Im)mobile Life of Digital Photographs: The Case of Tourist Photography / Jonas Larsen -- ch. 3....... Distance as the New Punctum / Mikko Villi -- pt. II. FAMILY ALBUMS IN TRANSITION -- ch. 4. How Digital Technologies Do Family Snaps, Only Better / Gillian Rose -- ch. 5. Friendship Photography: Memory, Mobility and Social Networking / Joanne Garde-Hansen -- ch. 6. Play, Process and Materiality in Japanese...

  8. Sakha Music: Selling 'Exotic' Europeanness in Asia and Asianness in Europe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aimar Ventsel

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available In this paper I compare strategies to sell Sakha music in different countries over a ten-year period with a particular emphasis on 2005–2007. due the fact that local income from performing and selling albums is not sufficient for living the artists from the republic of Sakha are trying to perform as much abroad as possible. When touring abroad, the music and performances have changed over time depending on the region. Sakha artists attempt to respond to the expectations of the audience and modify their program accordingly. In a period from the late 1990s to 2007, the same artists have switched from pop to rock to folk music, using different languages and different costumes, performing as Asian or European artists. comparing these strategies, one can see how Sakha musicians use cultural stereotypes of foreign audiences for economic purposes.

  9. Characterization of some plant extracts by GC-MS

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Iordache, A.; Culea, M.; Gherman, C.; Cozar, O.

    2009-01-01

    Different types of herbs often used in pharmaceutical, cosmetic and food industry were extracted and then analyzed by gas chromatography and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. The method validation parameters showed good linearity, precision and recovery for a standard mixture. Herbs from different zones of Romania were studied: melissa (Melissa officinalis), nettle (Urtica dioica, Lamium album), camomile (Matricaria chamomilla). The study was applied for fingerprint chromatograms to characterize the flavors extracted from herb plants of different sources. The identity and quantity of the measured active compounds was correlated with the expected therapeutic effects. The active principles content was determined for the same herb, and different amounts of the active principles were determined for plants of different origin.

  10. Characterization of some plant extracts by GC-MS

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Iordache, A. [' Babes-Bolyai' University, Str. M. Kogalniceanu, Nr. 1, Cluj-Napoca 400084 (Romania)], E-mail: andres_iro2002@yahoo.com; Culea, M.; Gherman, C.; Cozar, O. [' Babes-Bolyai' University, Str. M. Kogalniceanu, Nr. 1, Cluj-Napoca 400084 (Romania)

    2009-01-15

    Different types of herbs often used in pharmaceutical, cosmetic and food industry were extracted and then analyzed by gas chromatography and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. The method validation parameters showed good linearity, precision and recovery for a standard mixture. Herbs from different zones of Romania were studied: melissa (Melissa officinalis), nettle (Urtica dioica, Lamium album), camomile (Matricaria chamomilla). The study was applied for fingerprint chromatograms to characterize the flavors extracted from herb plants of different sources. The identity and quantity of the measured active compounds was correlated with the expected therapeutic effects. The active principles content was determined for the same herb, and different amounts of the active principles were determined for plants of different origin.

  11. Integrated Management of Causal Agents of Postharvest Fruit Rot of Apple

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mila Grahovac

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available One of the major causes of poor quality and fruit loss (during storage and transportare diseases caused by phytopathogenic fungi. Economic losses which are the consequenceof the phytopathogenic fungus activity after harvest exceed the losses in the field.Themost important postharvest fungal pathogens of apple fruits are: Botrytis cinerea Pers. exFr., Penicillium expansum (Lk. Thom., Cryptosporiopsis curvispora (Peck. Grem., Colletotrichumgloeosporioides (Penz. Sacc., Monilinia sp., Gloeosporium album Osterw, Alternaria alternata(Fr. Keissler, Cladosporium herbarium Link., Cylindrocarpon mali (Alles. Wollenw., Stemphyliumbotryosum Wallr. The use of available protection technologies can significantly reducelosses caused by pathogens in storage. The concept of integrated pest management (IPMin apple fruits i.e. sustainable approach in control of causal agents of postharvest fruit rot,using cultural, physical, biological and chemical measures, to minimize economic, healthand risks to consumers and environment, is presented in the paper.

  12. The Emancipation of Mimi ?

    OpenAIRE

    Guibert, Gérôme

    2013-01-01

    Signée chez Sony, puis chez Universal, Mariah Carey est une chanteuse américaine née en 1970 qui a vendu plus de 150 millions d’albums depuis les débuts de sa carrière professionnelle en 1990. Une analyse superficielle pourrait laisser penser qu’il s’agit d’une interprète façonnée par les majors pour interpréter des titres calibrés en fonction de la demande (Guibert, 1998). Pourtant, le fait qu’elle écrive ou coécrive la quasi intégralité de ses chansons et qu’elle soit elle-même productrice ...

  13. An Integrated WebGIS Framework for Volunteered Geographic Information and Social Media in Soil and Water Conservation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Werts, Joshua D.; Mikhailova, Elena A.; Post, Christopher J.; Sharp, Julia L.

    2012-04-01

    Volunteered geographic information and social networking in a WebGIS has the potential to increase public participation in soil and water conservation, promote environmental awareness and change, and provide timely data that may be otherwise unavailable to policymakers in soil and water conservation management. The objectives of this study were: (1) to develop a framework for combining current technologies, computing advances, data sources, and social media; and (2) develop and test an online web mapping interface. The mapping interface integrates Microsoft Silverlight, Bing Maps, ArcGIS Server, Google Picasa Web Albums Data API, RSS, Google Analytics, and Facebook to create a rich user experience. The website allows the public to upload photos and attributes of their own subdivisions or sites they have identified and explore other submissions. The website was made available to the public in early February 2011 at http://www.AbandonedDevelopments.com and evaluated for its potential long-term success in a pilot study.

  14. VEGETATIVE COMPATIBILITY OF Fusarium oxysporum ISOLATED FROM WEEDS IN EASTERN CROATIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jelena Ilić

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Different formae speciales of Fusarium oxysporum are the main causal agent of Fusarium wilts. In 2008 and 2009 we collected F. oxysporum samples from symptomless Abutilon theophrasti, Xanthium strumarium, Chenopodium album, Matricaria perforata, Ambrosia artemisiifolia, Polygonum lapathifolium, Sonchus arvensis, Amaranthus blitoides, Amaranthus retroflexus, Datura stramonium, Sorghum halepense and Hibiscus trionum. Only 16 out of 41 isolates of F. oxysporum yielded nit mutants. The frequency of nit3 mutants was higher (43% than the frequency of nit1 (35% and NitM (22% mutants. Two vegetative compatibility groups (VCGs of F. oxysporum were determined in the complementation tests. These results stress out the problem with isolation of nit mutants and show a high genetic diversity of F. oxysporum isolated from weeds.

  15. Weed flora in dill (Anethum graveolens L., Apiaceae, Apiales grown in conventional and organic production systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ljevnaić-Mašić Branka

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This study was performed to compare the weed flora in dill crops maintained conventionally and according to the principles of organic production. Out of 17 weed species noted for the two growing systems, even four (Amaranthus retroflexus L., Datura stramonium L., Sorghum halepense (L. Pers., and Veronica persica Poir. are invasive in Vojvodina region (Serbia. Weed infestation (number of individuals per m2 was significantly higher on the conventional plots (p = 0.0000**. The dominating species in conventional growing system were Convolvulus arvensis, Veronica persica and Chenopodium album (8.00, 6.67 and 5.33 individuals per m2, respectively, while Amaranthus retroflexus dominated on organic plots (8.00 individuals per m2. Regarding life forms of the recorded weed flora, therophytes dominate both in conventional (92.31% and organic (66.67% systems. The observed differences in weed flora are due to the specificities of dill conventional and organic production.

  16. The Streets of Rome: The Classical Dylan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Richard Thomas

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available One of the preoccupations of Dylan scholarship has had to do with his intertexts, where his songs come from, and what meanings they derive from their places of origin, be they textual or musical, secular or religious, ancient or modern. In this article, Thomas explores Dylan’s contact with the ancient worlds of Greece and Rome, evident in particular in the Dylan of the last decade—that is, on the last three albums and in his “autobiography,” *Chronicles: Volume One*. This article counters the attacks of those who cannot distinguish plagiarism—a charge also leveled against the poet Virgil in antiquity—from creative reuse. Thomas discusses Dylan’s reperformance and lyrical renovation and variation from the perspective of the Homeric rhapsode, who like Dylan himself varies his initial text in performance, so creating constant shifts in meaning and emphasis.

  17. L’archive photographique, un document intégral

    OpenAIRE

    Michel, Alain P.

    2008-01-01

    En 1942, à la demande des autorités de Vichy, l’éditeur Maximilien Vox prépare un album voué à célébrer le rayonnement scientifique et culturel de la France, Les Nouveaux Destins de l'intelligence française. Il commande à Robert Doisneau la réalisation d’une partie de l’illustration. Sur vingt-huit reproductions dues au photographe, deux sont consacrées au laboratoire de synthèse atomique d’Ivry. C’est le premier reportage de Doisneau auprès d’Irène et Frédéric Joliot-Curie, qu’il retournera ...

  18. Arvustused / Priit Kenkmann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kenkmann, Priit

    2007-01-01

    Heliplaatidest: Mayhem "Ordo Ad Chao", Minotauri "II", Loits "Must album", Mithras "Behind The Shadows Lie Madness", Poison The Well "Versions", Conspiracy "Reincarnated", April "Tidelines", Devin Townsend "Ziltoid The Omniscient", Beggars Ball "Fight This Town", Breed "Breed", Black Witchery "Desecration of the Holy Kingdom", Blood Tsunami "Trash Metal", Vintersorg "Solens Rötter", HND "PatuRaamaT", W.A.S.P. "Dominator", Megadeth "United Abominations", Manowar "Gods of War", Dimmu Borgir "In Sorte Diaboli", Despised Icon "The Ills of Modern Man", Trouble "Simple Mind Condition", The Esoteric "Subverter", Orange Goblin "Healing Through Fire", Marduk "Rom 5:12", Nicole "Sivu syyttömistä", Korpiklaani "Tervaskanto", Gaia Epicus "Victory", Lumsk "Det Vilde Kor"

  19. Make me wanna holler: Meshell Ndegeocello, Black queer aesthetics, and feminist critiques.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richardson, Matt

    2014-01-01

    This article examines the music and performance of Meshell Ndegeocello, arguing that they are part of a cross-Atlantic conversation that pushes the boundaries of Black feminist thought on masculinity and desire. From the time of her debut album in 1993, Ndegeocello has resisted categorization both in her public personae and in her music. Ndegeocello's refusal to be restricted in her stage performance and in her musical expression has created a rich text through which to read Black female masculinity. Her work has been particularly productive in rethinking (Black) feminist couplings of patriarchy with male anatomy. Ndegeocello's music challenges any one representation of female masculinity, mixing critiques of masculine privilege and violence with celebrations of pleasure and pansexual desire.

  20. Immunostimulatory properties of mistletoe extracts and their application in oncology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sylwia Wrotek

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available For a long time cancer immunotherapy was overshadowed by chemotherapy and radiotherapy. Recently, “Science”, one of the world’s top scientific journals, named the stimulation of the body’s own immune system to fight cancer cells as the “breakthrough of the year”. In Germany, Switzerland and Austria, extracts derived from mistletoe (Viscum album L. such as Iscador, Abnobaviscum, Helixor, Iscar, Iscucin and Isorel have been used in oncology for many years. These extracts have immunomodulating and immunostimulating properties, as demonstrated by experimental studies as well as in clinical trials. The aim of our paper is to present immunological disorders associated with cancer, which can be counteracted by treatment with extracts derived from mistletoe. Although these drugs cannot replace conventionalcancer treatment, they may improve the patient’s quality and length of life.

  1. The 'Big bang' in the Early Iron Age

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Medović Aleksandar

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The Early Iron Age granaries of Tell Gradina upon Bosut exploded in a fire inferno in the 8th century B.C. The result of this catastrophe is 2-5 cm thick layer with mixed carbonized seeds and fruits. Recently, eight samples were taken from Gradina's profile for archaeobotanical analysis. The goal was to obtain basic information on land use and on major crops and weeds of that period. The most abundant were cereals, followed by millets, pulses and oil/fibre plants. The dominant cereals were einkorn (Triticum monococcum and hulled barley (Hordeum vulgare vulgare. Broomcorn millet (Panicum miliaceum was also very important. Pulses were represented with six and oil/fibre plants with three species. Among weeds and ruderals, most common are rye brome (Bromus secalinus, fat hen (Chenopodium album, darnel ryegrass (Lolium temulentum, hairy crabgrass (Digitaria sanguinalis and corncockle (Agrostemma githago.

  2. Efeito da temperatura de estocagem e do tipo de embalagem sobre a qualidade interna de ovos de codornas japonesas (Coturnix japonica Effect of storage temperature and type of package on the internal quality of eggs from japanese quails (Coturnix japonica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adolpho Marlon Antoniol de Moura

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Avaliou-se o efeito de temperatura de estocagem e tipo de embalagem, na qualidade interna de ovos de codornas japonesas (Coturnix japonica, Temminck & Schlegel, 1849, no 5º, 10º, 15º e 20º dias experimentais. Utilizaram-se 192 ovos de codornas japonesas em delineamento experimental inteiramente casualizado e esquema de parcelas subdivididas, com vinte e quatro tratamentos e oito repetições de um ovo por unidade experimental. Os tratamentos foram constituídos pela combinação de duas temperaturas de estocagem (ambiente e sob refrigeração versus três tipos de embalagem (papel, isopor e plástico, casualizada nas parcelas, versus quatro tempos (5º, 10º, 15º e 20º dias de estocagem, alocados nas subparcelas. As variáveis estudadas foram perda de peso (PP, em porcentagem, altura de albume (AA, em milímetros, e unidade Haugh (UH. Com o aumento do tempo de estocagem, houve redução da altura de albume e da unidade Haugh e aumento da perda de peso de ovos de codornas japonesas, armazenados sob temperatura ambiente. No decorrer do período de estocagem, os valores médios de altura de albume e unidade Haugh de ovos de codornas japonesas, estocados sob refrigeração foram maiores do que as respectivas médias de altura de albume e unidade Haugh de ovos estocados sob temperatura ambiente. O uso da embalagem de isopor proporcionou menor perda de peso dos ovos do que o uso das embalagens de papel e de plástico, independente do tempo e da temperatura de estocagem.The effect of storage temperature and kind of package on the internal quality of eggs from japanese quails (Coturnix japonica, Temminck & Schlegel, 1849 on the 5th, 10th, 15th and 20th experimental days were evaluated. One hundred and ninety two eggs from japanese quails were used in a completely randomized outline and splitplot scheme, with twenty four treatments and eight replicates of one egg per experimental unit. The treatments were consisted from the combination of two

  3. Fine Arts: 4. Proposals Regarding Work Strategies in Visual Arts Activities II. Creating an Interrogative Attitude

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aprotosoaie-Iftimi Ana-Maria

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available Between the age of six and eleven, children easily express themselves through drawing. After this age, there is a blockage due to the development of critical thinking. If during the 6 - 11 age stage children draw using symbol schemes, reporting what they remember and what they understood from what they saw, after the age of 10-11 (secondary phase children want to draw what they see and thus they face challenges related to technical means and language specific for arts. In this regard, a mediation is necessary between the technical means and the artwork or reproductions of fine art (either in albums, or displayed on a screen using guided questions. This process, that over the years of teaching proved its efficiency, contributes to the development of students’ imagination and creativity, and to the formation of a useful general culture.

  4. Giuseppe and Maria Fidecaro inside the spark chamber apparatus in the South Hall of PS to search for the $\\rho \\rightarrow \\pi\\gamma$ decay

    CERN Multimedia

    Gérard Bertin; CERN PhotoLab

    1964-01-01

    The lens, the so-called front view (see album https://cds.cern.ch/record/1974123), was used in the S30 experiment to converge onto a camera parallel light rays from the front of a large spark chamber. A second identical lens, the so-called top view, and a large mirror were used to take pictures at 90 degrees in such a way to determine the x,y coordinates in the horizontal plane of each spark. Details of the optics are reported in the note: A $\\gamma$-ray detector for the study of the electromagnetic decay of resonances, INFN/AE - 67/7, 20 Jun 1967, by F. Bradamante, G. Fidecaro, M. Fidecaro, M. Giorgi, F. Sauli, P. Schiavon.

  5. Exhibition: Women and Sciences by Fiami

    CERN Multimedia

    Globe Info

    2011-01-01

    The 19-panel exhibition is on display at CERN's Microcosm from Monday to Saturday from 10.00 a.m. to 5.00 p.m.   Marie Curie won the Nobel Prize for Chemistry one hundred years ago. She is the only woman ever to win two Nobel Prizes, which is a testament to her remarkable work. But throughout history, women have played a role in science either in their own right or alongside other scientists. In this special exhibition, the comic-strip artist Fiami takes a look back at the relationship between women and science through his portraits of Mileva Einstein, Marie-Anne Lavoisier and, of course, Marie Curie. Fiami has recently published an entire album devoted to Marie Curie. Texts in French All ages - Entrance free Femmes et Sciences is on display at Microcosm: From Wednesday 21 September 2011 to Tuesday 20 December 2011.

  6. MULTILITERACIES AND PRODUCTION OF IDENTITY IN CONTEMPORARY SOCIETY: ANALYZING STATEMENTS MULTIMODAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dulce Marcia Cruz

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper investigates the possible relations of determination between multiliteracies and identity production in contemporary times. It starts from the principle that the identities, as they occur in late modernity, are constantly changing and they are formed and continuously transformed. Under these conditions, the self-referencing processes are marked by narratives from “me” influenced by abstract systems, among which stands out the digital media. The central argument of this paper is that multimedia authoring conditions allowed by current digital media, generating various discursive genres, while producing identities, are expressions of them, both in the culture and technologies used. Methodologically, to exemplify how digital media may allow manifestations of lifestyles and identities, it proceeds to the analysis of a You Tube Video from the interpretive scheme of Rojo (2013 takes such multimedia production as a statement multi semiotic and multimodal, proceeds to the analysis of a YouTube video that depicts a compilation album of Adoniran Barbosa.

  7. Black Edens, country Eves: Listening, performance, and black queer longing in country music.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Royster, Francesca T

    2017-07-03

    This article explores Black queer country music listening, performance, and fandom as a source of pleasure, nostalgia, and longing for Black listeners. Country music can be a space for alliance and community, as well as a way of accessing sometimes repressed cultural and personal histories of violence: lynching and other forms of racial terror, gender surveillance and disciplining, and continued racial and economic segregation. For many Black country music listeners and performers, the experience of being a closeted fan also fosters an experience of ideological hailing, as well as queer world-making. Royster suggests that through Black queer country music fandom and performance, fans construct risky and soulful identities. The article uses Tina Turner's solo album, Tina Turns the Country On! (1974) as an example of country music's power as a tool for resistance to racial, sexual, and class disciplining.

  8. Italian singer Annalisa at CERN for a week of filming

    CERN Multimedia

    Stefania Pandolfi

    2015-01-01

    CERN welcomed Italian singer-songwriter Annalisa for a week-long visit to the Laboratory to shoot an Italian television production about the Laboratory.   Annalisa in the CERN Control Centre.   The Italian artist has a degree in physics from the University of Turin, Italy. She is a singer and songwriter, famous for her successful participation in the Italian talent show, Amici di Maria De Filippi. She has recorded four albums as solo artist and has participated twice in the Sanremo Music Festival, the most important Italian song contest. She has also received numerous Italian music awards, and has earned international recognition. Thanks to her knowledge of physics and her great influence with the Italian youth, Annalisa was selected to host an Italian television production about CERN aimed at young people. 

  9. Üks doktor ja kaks magistrit / Halliki Uibu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Uibu, Halliki

    2001-01-01

    18. juunil 2001 toimus TPÜ kultuuriajaloo kaitsmisnõukogus Lauri Lindströmi doktoritöö "Album Academicum Universitatis Tartuensis 1918-1944. Rahvus, sugu, sünni- ja keskhariduse omandamise koht üliõpilaskonna kujunemist ja kõrghariduse omandamist mõjutavate teguritena" kaitsmine. Lauri Lindströmile omistati teaduskraad doctor philosophiae (PhD) kultuuriajaloo alal. TPÜ kultuuriajaloo magistrikraadi kaitsmisnõukogus kaitsesid 18. juunil 2001 Igor Tõnurist magistritööd "Pillid ja pillimäng eesti külaelus" ja Tatjana Tšervova magistritööd "Vene kogukonna ühiskondlikust ja kultuurielust Tallinnas 1880-1905". Igor Tõnuristile ja Tatjana Tšervovale omistati teaduskraad magister artium kultuuriajaloo alal hindega cum laude

  10. True photographs and false memories.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lindsay, D Stephen; Hagen, Lisa; Read, J Don; Wade, Kimberley A; Garry, Maryanne

    2004-03-01

    Some trauma-memory-oriented psychotherapists advise clients to review old family photo albums to cue suspected "repressed" memories of childhood sexual abuse. Old photos might cue long-forgotten memories, but when combined with other suggestive influences they might also contribute to false memories. We asked 45 undergraduates to work at remembering three school-related childhood events (two true events provided by parents and one pseudoevent). By random assignment, 23 subjects were also given their school classes' group photos from the years of the to-be-recalled events as memory cues. As predicted, the rate of false-memory reports was dramatically higher in the photo condition than in the no-photo condition. Indeed, the rate of false-memory reports in the photo condition was substantially higher than the rate in any previously published study.

  11. Behavior guidance techniques in Pediatric Dentistry: attitudes of parents of children with disabilities and without disabilities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Castro, Alessandra Maia; de Oliveira, Fabiana Sodré; de Paiva Novaes, Myrian Stella; Araújo Ferreira, Danielly Cunha

    2013-01-01

    This study compared the parental acceptance of pediatric behavior guidance techniques (BGT). Forty parents of children without disabilities (Group A) and another 40 parents of children with disabilities (Group B) were selected. Each BGT was explained by a single examiner and it was presented together with a photograph album. After that parents evaluated the acceptance in: totally unacceptable, somewhat acceptable, acceptable, and totally acceptable. Results indicated that in Group A, the BGT based on communicative guidance was accepted by most participants. In Group B, just one mother considered totally unacceptable the voice control method and other two, tell-show-do. For both groups, the general anesthesia was the less accepted BGT. There was statistically significant difference in acceptance for protective stabilization with a restrictive device in Group B. Children's parents with and without disabilities accepted behavioral guidance techniques, but basic techniques showed higher rates of acceptance than advanced techniques. ©2013 Special Care Dentistry Association and Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  12. A new method for tritium labelling of neuraminidase from Vibrio cholerae

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Keune, D.

    1981-01-01

    This research work related to the radioactive labelling with tritium of the enzyme neuraminidase from Vibrio cholerae by an easily handled method. The reactive compound N-propionyloxysuccinimide, the ester of propionic acid and N-hydroxysuccinimide, offered a suitable labelling reagent. For comparison purposes an already known method of labelling neuraminidase with tritium by the oxidation of hydroxyl groups of the hydrocarbon chain of the enzymal protein and subsequent reduction of the aldehyde groups formed with tritiated sodium borhydride, was also carried out. The advantages and disadvantages of both methods are described in detail, in particular with regard to yields of radioactivity and the influence on enzyme activity. The fact that only 1 mg enzymal protein was available for each modification of the enzyme molecule posed particular problems and, as a consequence, extensive preliminary experiments had to be carried with another protein (beef serum album) in the same concentration range. (orig./MG) [de

  13. Weed Hosts of Meloidogyne arenaria and M. incognita Common in Tobacco Fields in South Carolina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tedford, E C; Fortnum, B A

    1988-10-01

    Thirty-two weed species common in South Carolina and one cultivar of tobacco were evaluated as hosts of Meloidogyne arenaria race 2 and M. incognita race 3 in the greenhouse. Egg mass production and galling differed (P Rumex crispus, Amaranthus hybridus, Ambrosia artemisiifolia, lpomoea hederacea var. integriuscula, Setaria lutescens, Sida spinosa, Portulaca oleracea, and Rumex acetosella were moderate hosts. Taraxacum officinale, Ipomoea hederacea, Cyperus esculentus, Cynodon dactyIon, Echinochloa crus-galli, Eleusine indica, Sorghum halepense, Setaria viridis, Digitaria sanguinalis, and Datura stramonium were poor hosts for M. arenaria. Amaranthus palmeri, Amaranthus hybridus, Chenopodium album, Euphorbia maculata, Setaria lutescens, Vicia villosa, Sida spinosa, Rumex crispus, and Portulaca oleracea were moderate hosts and Ipomoea hederacea var. integriuscula, Xanthium strumarium, Cyperus esculentus, Cynodon dactylon, Paspalum notatum, Eleusine indica, Setaria viridis, and Rumex acetosella were poor hosts for M. incognita. None of the above were good hosts for M. incognita. Tobacco 'PD4' supported large numbers of both nematode species.

  14. Shore Vegetation of Lakes Oahe and Sakakawea, Mainstream Missouri River Reservoirs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1978-04-01

    Rumex crispus Lactuca serriola Chenopodium album Poyou ramosissimum Helianthus annuus * Populus deltoides Sai spp.a Polygonum lapathifolium Potentilla...4.2 2.8 Hordeum jubatum 6.9 9.2 10 1.9 7.5 10 Kochia scoparia 1.5 4.4 7.7 0.1 7.6 10 Rumex crispus 30 17 4.6 0.8 22 12 Lactuca serriola 1.7 2.9 6.4 2.5...I 9 𔃻 *~ I Ia * I S I **. , i - I’ / X ~ **~A. - I**. ’S S I ** .. .~ S S.I - !~ ~ .~S. 4 ’ 2 Mi I b 2W42 U~W4 K .30 were drowned. Rumex crispus

  15. History of Korean Neurosurgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hwang, Sung-nam

    2015-08-01

    The year 2012 was the 50th anniversary of the Korean Neurosurgical Society, and in 2013, the 15th World Congress of Neurosurgery took place in Seoul, Korea. Thus, it is an appropriate occasion to introduce the world to the history of the Korean Neurosurgical Society and the foundation, development, and growth of Korean neurosurgery. Historical materials and pictures were collected and reviewed from the history book and photo albums of the Korean Neurosurgical Society. During the last 50 years, the Korean Neurosurgical Society and Korean neurosurgery have developed and grown enormously not only in quantity but also in quality. In every aspect, the turning point from the old to the new era of the Korean Neurosurgical Society and Korean neurosurgery was the year 1980. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  16. Inventory and mapping of red-listed vascular flora in Hernani municipality (Gipuzkoa, Basque Country.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SANZ-AZKUE, I., DÍEZ-LÓPEZ, J., OLARIAGA-IBARGUREN, I.

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available A total of 119 new chorological reports are given for 7 red-listed species, namely, Dryopteris aemula, Hymenophyllum tunbrigense, Prunus lusitanica, Soldanella villosa, Stegnogramma pozoi, Vandenboschia speciosa, and Veratrum album. Comments on their ecology and local distribution maps are provided. The number of subpopulations of S. villosa (52 and T. speciosum (38 found is remarkable. In several streams, the gametophyte phase of T. speciosum, rarely reported in the Iberian Peninsula, exceeds the sporophyte generation in number of individuals, which probably has important conservation and genetic diversity implications. It is proposed that the Urumea Site of Communitary Interest be extended to cover the streams that discharge into it, or alternatively, threatened plant microreserves be established at the Apaizeta, Azketa and Kartola streams.

  17. HAEA NEPO tools used in nuclear emergency response

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Horvath, K.; Koblinger, L.

    2001-01-01

    The publication on 2 CD-ROMs and includes 145 presentations delivered at the congress. In the work of the International Youth Nuclear Congress 2000 participated 288 young scientific works from over 30 countries. The address discusses the following sessions: Young Generation Session Nuclear Education and Transfer of Know-How; Nuclear Technology I; Political Aspects; Nuclear Technology II; Environment and Safety; Communication and Public Perception I; Communication and Public Perception II; Nuclear Programs and Technical Cooperation; Economics; Fuel Cycle Challenges. Each paper has been indexed separately. Before of full papers the first CD contains next chapters: Introduction (in 19 languages); General Information; Day by Day; Y-Notes Session Results; Sponsors; Media Album, and Conclusions. The second CD-ROM contains 28 minutes of video-film about programme of International Youth Nuclear Congress 2000. (authors)

  18. Interrelations between segetal and ruderal flora in the Olsztyn Lake District

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tadeusz Korniak

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents differences and similarities between segetal and ruderal flora in the Olsztyn Lake District. The investigation was conducted in rural areas and in areas of small towns. 415 taxa of vascular plants were noted altogether in the flora examined. The segetal flora includes 259 species, and the ruderal flora - 334 ones. A comparison between species of those two florae (table l, figure l, 81 species appear in segetal habitats, and 156 in ruderal habitats. Common species, for those two comparsing florae (segetal and ruderal were 178. The following plants were classified as frequent or common in ruderal habitats of the Olsztyn Lake District, having (under certain conditions a significant influence on the weed infestation of cultivated fields: Amaranthus retroflexus, Artemisia vulgaris, Atriplex patula, Chamomilla suaveolens, Cirsium arvense, Conyza canadensis, Descurainia sophia, Galinsoga ciliata, Galinsoga parviflora, Geranium pusillum, Lapsana communis, Melandrium album, Poa annua, Polygonum aviculare, Rumex crispus, Sisymbrium officinale, Sonchus arvensis, Sonchus asper, Sonchus oleraceus, Tussil farfara.

  19. Ray Lema

    OpenAIRE

    Bensignor, François

    2013-01-01

    Le musicien français d’origine zaïroise revient longuement sur ses préoccupations vis-à-vis des relations biaisées entre l’Afrique et l’Occident. Pour lui, l’éducation est un besoin urgent, la condition essentielle pour permettre l’accès au développement pour les nouvelles générations d’Africains. Il évoque la République démocratique du Congo, la guerre au Kivu, son amour pour Kinshasa, thèmes qui ont inspiré les chansons de son nouvel album, 99. Il parle du Brésil et de son extraordinaire ex...

  20. Illusory Facets of Sport: The Case of the Duke University Basketball Team

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muniowski Łukasz

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available In the society of the spectacle, illusion is an omnipresent phenomenon. It is used to distract the masses from issues crucial to their existence and to support a system of oppression. However, there is also a “lighter” side of illusion: it creates celebrities and helps sell products (films, music albums, sneakers, etc.. While the connotation is that spectacle uses illusion in order to present the ordinary or negative as extraordinary and positive (e.g., promiscuous athletes talking about family values, it is also possible for a reverse illusory process to take place, resulting in the regular being presented as irregular (e.g., a physical player presented as “aggressive”, such as Kermit Washington. Unlike the deliberate use of illusion by the architects of the spectacle, this reverse process happens spontaneously.