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Sample records for salvator diplopoda polydesmida

  1. Fertility tables of two populations of the parthenogenetic species Poratia salvator (Diplopoda, Polydesmida, Pyrgodesmidae

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    TG Pinheiro

    Full Text Available Diplopods are very susceptible to various degrees of environmental disturbance, particularly climate, altitude and diet. In order to increase our understanding of millipede ecological plasticity, we used fertility tables to access and to compare the fertility and survival of two populations of the parthenogenetic species Poratia salvator from two areas with distinct characteristics. Collecting was conducted in two localities within the state of Mato Grosso, in the Pantanal of Mato Grosso, municipality of Nossa Senhora do Livramento, and in the municipality of Várzea Grande. The specimens were maintained at room temperature. In the first generation, individuals from the Pantanal of Mato Grosso population reproduced early and also died earlier when compared with individuals from the Várzea Grande population. Furthermore, the population from the Pantanal had a lower net reproduction rate and a higher intrinsic growth rate than the population from the Várzea Grande. The generation time was lower for the Pantanal population than for the Várzea Grande population. In the second generation, the net reproduction rate observed for both populations was higher than that observed in the first generation, suggesting an increase in the reproductive potential of the females throughout their lives. The intrinsic growth rate of both populations decreased as a function of an increase in generation time observed in the second generation. As a result, the population growth rate in the second generation was slower when compared with the first generation, probably a result of the longer life expectancy of the second generation, which may have become adapted to the artificial conditions of the experiment.

  2. Comparative study of the ovarian morphology in the order Polydesmida (Diplopoda and description of unusual structures in the female reproductive system

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    TG Pinheiro

    Full Text Available Polydesmida is the largest order in the class Diplopoda in terms of the number of species, genera and families, but there are few studies of the ovarian morphology of species in this order. This study aimed to perform a comparative study of the ovarian morphology of three species from this order to increase the understanding of the morphological evolution of this system in Polydesmida. Adults females of two of these species, Poratia salvator and Myrmecodesmus hastatus, belonging to the family Pyrgodesmidae, had a unpaired ovary that formed a tubular organ containing oocytes, with P. salvator present grouping of oocytes into a structure similar to ovisacs. This condition appeared to be apomorphic and was associated with the small size of these species (< 10 mm and their short life cycle. The third species, Telonychopus klossae (Chelodesmidae, had a large body and an ovary with paired ovisacs, which was symplesiomorphic with other Polydesmida families.

  3. Complete mitochondrial genomes of two flat-backed millipedes by next-generation sequencing (Diplopoda, Polydesmida

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    Yan Dong

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available A lack of mitochondrial genome data from myriapods is hampering progress across genetic, systematic, phylogenetic and evolutionary studies. Here, the complete mitochondrial genomes of two millipedes, Asiomorpha coarctata Saussure, 1860 (Diplopoda: Polydesmida: Paradoxosomatidae and Xystodesmus sp. (Diplopoda: Polydesmida: Xystodesmidae were assembled with high coverage using Illumina sequencing data. The mitochondrial genomes of the two newly sequenced species are circular molecules of 15,644 bp and 15,791 bp, within which the typical mitochondrial genome complement of 13 protein-coding genes, 22 tRNAs and two ribosomal RNA genes could be identified. The mitochondrial genome of A. coarctata is the first complete sequence in the family Paradoxosomatidae (Diplopoda: Polydesmida and the gene order of the two flat-backed millipedes is novel among known myriapod mitochondrial genomes. Unique translocations have occurred, including inversion of one half of the two genomes with respect to other millipede genomes. Inversion of the entire side of a genome (trnF-nad5-trnH-nad4-nad4L, trnP, nad1-trnL2-trnL1-rrnL-trnV-rrnS, trnQ, trnC and trnY could constitute a common event in the order Polydesmida. Last, our phylogenetic analyses recovered the monophyletic Progoneata, subphylum Myriapoda and four internal classes.

  4. Complete mitochondrial genomes of two flat-backed millipedes by next-generation sequencing (Diplopoda, Polydesmida).

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    Dong, Yan; Zhu, Lixin; Bai, Yu; Ou, Yongyue; Wang, Changbao

    2016-01-01

    A lack of mitochondrial genome data from myriapods is hampering progress across genetic, systematic, phylogenetic and evolutionary studies. Here, the complete mitochondrial genomes of two millipedes, Asiomorpha coarctata Saussure, 1860 (Diplopoda: Polydesmida: Paradoxosomatidae) and Xystodesmus sp. (Diplopoda: Polydesmida: Xystodesmidae) were assembled with high coverage using Illumina sequencing data. The mitochondrial genomes of the two newly sequenced species are circular molecules of 15,644 bp and 15,791 bp, within which the typical mitochondrial genome complement of 13 protein-coding genes, 22 tRNAs and two ribosomal RNA genes could be identified. The mitochondrial genome of Asiomorpha coarctata is the first complete sequence in the family Paradoxosomatidae (Diplopoda: Polydesmida) and the gene order of the two flat-backed millipedes is novel among known myriapod mitochondrial genomes. Unique translocations have occurred, including inversion of one half of the two genomes with respect to other millipede genomes. Inversion of the entire side of a genome (trnF-nad5-trnH-nad4-nad4L, trnP, nad1-trnL2-trnL1-rrnL-trnV-rrnS, trnQ, trnC and trnY) could constitute a common event in the order Polydesmida. Last, our phylogenetic analyses recovered the monophyletic Progoneata, subphylum Myriapoda and four internal classes.

  5. Convergent Evolution of Unique Morphological Adaptations to a Subterranean Environment in Cave Millipedes (Diplopoda).

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    Liu, Weixin; Golovatch, Sergei; Wesener, Thomas; Tian, Mingyi

    2017-01-01

    Animal life in caves has fascinated researchers and the public alike because of the unusual and sometimes bizarre morphological adaptations observed in numerous troglobitic species. Despite their worldwide diversity, the adaptations of cave millipedes (Diplopoda) to a troglobitic lifestyle have rarely been examined. In this study, morphological characters were analyzed in species belonging to four different orders (Glomerida, Polydesmida, Chordeumatida, and Spirostreptida) and six different families (Glomeridae, Paradoxosomatidae, Polydesmidae, Haplodesmidae, Megalotylidae, and Cambalopsidae) that represent the taxonomic diversity of class Diplopoda. We focused on the recently discovered millipede fauna of caves in southern China. Thirty different characters were used to compare cave troglobites and epigean species within the same genera. A character matrix was created to analyze convergent evolution of cave adaptations. Males and females were analyzed independently to examine sex differences in cave adaptations. While 10 characters only occurred in a few phylogenetic groups, 20 characters were scored for in all families. Of these, four characters were discovered to have evolved convergently in all troglobitic millipedes. The characters that represented potential morphological cave adaptations in troglobitic species were: (1) a longer body; (2) a lighter body color; (3) elongation of the femora; and (4) elongation of the tarsi of walking legs. Surprisingly, female, but not male, antennae were more elongated in troglobites than in epigean species. Our study clearly shows that morphological adaptations have evolved convergently in different, unrelated millipede orders and families, most likely as a direct adaptation to cave life.

  6. Falling into Salvation in Cioran

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    Joseph Acquisto

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available While, at first glance, there seems to be very little room in the thought of E.M. Cioran for the notion of salvation, a closer look reveals that Cioran returns constantly to the vocabulary and the concept of redemption. This article teases out Cioran’s complex use of the topos of salvation throughout his works, with special emphasis on his middle period. I begin by tracing Cioran’s notion of humanity’s fall into time and language, from which he claims there can be no salvation in the traditional Christian sense. Nonetheless, he retains the concept, claiming at various points that there is a kind of salvation to be found in suicide, music, silence, and skepticism. Ultimately, however, each of these provides only false salvation, since the only permanent solution to the problem of existence for Cioran would be either to cease to exist or to lose our human nature in exchange for a plant-like life. Since this is impossible, we are left with our human means of seeking deliverance. While Cioran generally condemns human attempts at creation or procreation, he takes a different approach to the act of writing. In his reflections on writing we see that salvation for Cioran is always temporary, provisional, and threatened by our next bout of lucidity, but at the same time, eternally renewable with each new act of writing.

  7. Revival of forgotten characters and modern imaging techniques help to produce a robust phylogeny of the Diplopoda (Arthropoda, Myriapoda).

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    Blanke, Alexander; Wesener, Thomas

    2014-01-01

    The external and internal anatomy of millipedes (Diplopoda) is poorly known compared to some of the other myriapod and arthropod groups. Due to both language barriers, which hindered the assessment of the character-rich older literature, and non-phylogenetic thinking, our knowledge of morphological characters useful for phylogenetic work diminished over the last decades. Here, a new character matrix with 64 characters, mainly derived from old literature data, is used to reconstruct a phylogeny of Diplopoda. As a tool to further our knowledge about the morphology of the different millipede orders, we show how micro-computer tomography (μCT) can be used to assess and illustrate specific parts of the Platydesmida. With the advent of μCT it is now possible to analyse many taxa and characters in a comparatively short time. A focus is put on potential phylogenetically useful characters. Our results support a Verhoeffian classification of the Diplopoda: Polyxenida + Chilognatha. Pentazonia are the sistergroup to the Helminthomorpha. Colobognatha form the sistergroup to Eugnatha, the latter split into monophyletic Juliformia and Polydesmida + Nematophora. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  8. Diplopoda from Rondônia, Brazil: II. Three new genera in the family Chelodesmidae (Polydesmida

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    Richard L. Hoffman

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available New genera are defined to accommodate three disjunct new chelodesmids endemic in Rondônia: Rondonaria n. gen., for R. schubarti n. sp.; Lithobiodesmus n. gen., for L. xenoporus n. sp., and Rhicnostethus n. gen., for the type species R. rondoni n. sp., and R. coriaceus (Schubart, 1947 n. comb., described from Mato Grosso. The tribal position of these new taxa cannot be confidently established on the basis of existing knowledge of the family; each is distinguished by one or more unusual anatomical characters.Sao definidos três novos gêneros de Chelodesmidae, endêmicos de Rondônia, Brasil, com distribuições distintas: Rondonaria n. gen., para R. schubarti n. sp.; Lithobiodesmus n. gen. para L. xenopus n. sp.; e Rhicnostethus n. gen. para a espécies-tipo R. rondoni n. sp., e R. coriaceus (Schubart, 1947 n. comb., descrita para Mato Grosso, Brasil. Com base no conhecimento atual da familia, a posição em tribo não pode ser estabelecida com confiança; cada taxon é distinguido por um ou mail carateres anatomicos incomuns.

  9. Review of the millipede family Opisotretidae (Diplopoda, Polydesmida, with descriptions of new species

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    Sergei Golovatch

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available The small, basically Oriental family Opisotretidae is rediagnosed, reclassified, and shown to comprise the following seven genera, all keyed: Carlotretus Hoffman, 1980, with two species, including C. triramus sp. n. from southern China; Corypholophus Attems, 1938, with two species, one in Vietnam, the other in the Ryukyus, Japan; Martensodesmus Golovatch, 1987, with eight species, all keyed, including M. cattienensis sp. n. from southern Vietnam, as well as M. bedosae sp. n. and M. spiniger sp. n. from southern China; Opisotretus Attems, 1907, with seven species, all keyed, including O. beroni sp. n. and O. hagen sp. n., both from Papua New Guinea, O. deharvengi sp. n. from Sulawesi, Indonesia, and O. spinosus sp. n. from Nusakambangan Island, off Java, Indonesia; Opisthoporodesmus Silvestri, 1899, with six nominate species; Retrodesmus Chamberlin, 1945, with two species, i.e. the type-species R. dammermani Chamberlin, 1945, from Java, Indonesia, revised from the holotype, and R. cavernicola sp. n., from Papua New Guinea; and Solaenaulus Attems, 1940, with two species. Comments are presented on the family’s possible relationships and palaeogeographic history. Instead of being considered as the sole component of the superfamily Opisotretoidea, the Opisotretidae is believed here to form one of the families of the diverse superfamily Trichopolydesmoidea, perhaps the sister-group to, if not immediately derived from, the pantropical family Fuhrmannodesmidae. The origin of Opisotretidae, previously dated as far back as the Triassic (220 Ma in relation to the fragmentation of eastern Gondwanaland, mainly in the region of present-day Indonesia, could have had nothing to do with Gondwanaland. Opisotretids might have originated in mainland Southeast Asia well within the Cenozoic, with subsequent dispersals along the Himalayas in the West and across Indonesia (including New Guinea in the East, also reaching as far north as the Ryukyus, Japan and Guangxi, southern China.

  10. The millipede genus Orthomorpha Bollman, 1893 in Laos (Diplopoda, Polydesmida, Paradoxosomatidae, with descriptions of new species

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    Natdanai Likhitrakarn

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The genus Orthomorpha is currently represented in Laos by nine species, including three, O. paviei Brölemann, 1896, O. communis Likhitrakarn, Golovatch & Panha, 2011 and O. cambodjana (Attems, 1953, which are new to the fauna of the country, and further three new to science: O. suberectoides sp. n., O.gladiata sp. n. and O. sutchariti sp. n.

  11. The ”endemic” paradoxosomatids (Diplopoda, Polydesmida) of the Fiji Islands

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    Jeekel, C.A.W.

    1972-01-01

    The Paradoxosomatidae of the Fiji Islands are discussed. As a result of the reexamination of the type material the taxonomic position of Orthomorpha lampra Chamberlin and Prionopeltis dasys Chamberlin is cleared. O. lampra is a senior synonym of Gyrodrepanum bimontanum (Carl), P. dasys a junior

  12. The Australian millipede Dicranogonus pix Jeekel, 1982 (Diplopoda, Polydesmida, Paradoxosomatidae: a species with and without paranota

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    Robert Mesibov

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Dicranogonus pix Jeekel, 1982 occurs in Victoria and Tasmania, Australia, including the islands in eastern Bass Strait between the two States. There is only slight gonopod variation across this range, but D. pix populations with and without paranota are separated in Bass Strait by the ca 50 km-wide gap between the Kent and Furneaux Groups of islands.

  13. Drug abuse control and the Salvation Army.

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    Gauntlett, S L

    1991-01-01

    The Salvation Army has been involved in the control of drug abuse since it was founded over 120 years ago, when alcohol was the predominant concern. Today, alcohol is still the most commonly abused substance, but the Salvation Army is increasingly tackling other forms of substance abuse as well. High priority is given to prevention of all levels and by all means through a network of over 200 specialized rehabilitation centres throughout the world, in addition to programmes within hostels for the homeless, where there is a high proportion of alcohol and other substance abusers. The Salvation Army endeavours to help drug-dependent persons to abstain from using drugs and achieve a healthy and happy life. It is of the view that, as drug dependence is usually a manifestation of deeper needs, the spiritual component is vital in dealing with drug abuse of all types.

  14. Millipedes of Cyprus (Myriapoda: Diplopoda)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vagalinski, Boyan; Golovatch, Sergei; Simaiakis, Stylianos Michail

    2014-01-01

    The paper presents an annotated catalogue of the millipedes (Diplopoda) of Cyprus, based on literature scrutiny and on hitherto unpublished material. A total of 21 species belonging to 14 genera, 9 families and 7 orders are recorded from the island. Three species are regarded as new to science, b......–5.3 mya, land bridges existed between the island and the neighbouring Taurus Mts. (Turkey) and the region of Latakia (Syria), which are supposed to have served as migratory pathways for various millipede taxa....

  15. Vertical and time distribution of Diplopoda (Arthropoda: Myriapoda in a monodominant forest in Pantanal of Mato Grosso, Brazil

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    Leandro D. Battirola

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available In this study different sampling techniques for Diplopoda in soil, tree trunks and canopies were applied in an integrated way in the northern region of the Pantanal of Mato Grosso, Brazil. This was done in order to assess the relationship within the fauna in each forest strata, as well as its richness and temporal distribution. In all these habitats there were a total of 1,354 diplopods, distributed in four taxonomic orders, with Polyxenida being predominant over Polydesmida, Spirostreptida and Spirobolida. The largest representation was found on the trunks of the Vochysia divergens (721 ind., intercepted by tree photoecletors, whereas in the canopies sampling reached only 65 specimens. In the edaphic stratum 568 diplopods were captured, most with the use of the Winkler extractor, followed by pitfall traps and soil photoecletors. In spite of being an important group in these environments, both in terms of richness and diversity, this was less than has been observed in other Neotropical areas. However, due to seasonal changes in the Pantanal the existence of a relationship between the soil and the tree fauna was found as well as different survival strategies observed during the flood period. Regarding vertical distribution, the greatest richness and variety of taxonomic groups was found in the forest's edaphic environment demonstrating its association mainly with this forest stratum.

  16. Millipedes of Cyprus (Myriapoda: Diplopoda).

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    Vagalinski, Boyan; Golovatch, Sergei; Simaiakis, Stylianos Michail; Enghoff, Henrik; Stoev, Pavel

    2014-07-14

    The paper presents an annotated catalogue of the millipedes (Diplopoda) of Cyprus, based on literature scrutiny and on hitherto unpublished material. A total of 21 species belonging to 14 genera, 9 families and 7 orders are recorded from the island. Three species are regarded as new to science, but are not formally described, and the status of another three is yet to be clarified. Pachyiulus cyprius Brölemann, 1896 and Strongylosoma (Tetrarthrosoma) cyprium Verhoeff, 1902 are established as junior subjective synonyms of Amblyiulus barroisi (Porat, 1893) and T. syriacum (Humbert & DeSaussure, 1869), respectively, both syn. nov. The present-day diversity of the Cypriotic millipede fauna is analysed in the light of past geological events. It is presumed that the fauna originated from the late Miocene, when Cyprus was formed as a result of uplift of the sea floor. During the Messinian salinity crisis, some 6-5.3 mya, land bridges existed between the island and the neighbouring Taurus Mts. (Turkey) and the region of Latakia (Syria), which are supposed to have served as migratory pathways for various millipede taxa.

  17. One hundred millipede species in Serbia (Arthropoda: Myriapoda: Diplopoda

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    Antić D.Ž.

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The millipede fauna of Serbia consists of 100 species, 44 genera, 16 families and 7 orders. The most abundant are families Julidae (41 species or 41% and Polydesmidae (22 species or 22%. Of the total number, 27 species (27% are endemic to Serbia, while 18 (18% are endemic to the Balkan Peninsula. All registered species can be related to 15 zoogeographical categories. Glomeris klugii Brandt, 1833 (Glomerida: Glomeridae, Cibiniulus phlepsii (Verhoeff, 1897 (Julida: Blaniulidae, Brachyiulus bagnalli (Brolemann, 1924, Megaphyllum carniolense (Verhoeff, 1897, Typhloiulus incurvatus Verhoeff, 1899, Xestoiulus luteus (Attems, 1951 (all Julida: Julidae, and Polydesmus renschi Schubart, 1934 (Polydesmida: Polydesmidae represent new records for the diplopod fauna of Serbia. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 173038

  18. The millipede genus Solaenodolichopus Verhoeff, 1924 (Diplopoda, Polydesmida, Paradoxosomatidae. 1. New genus diagnosis and redescriptions of named species

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    Robert Mesibov

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Solaenodolichopus Verhoeff, 1924 is redefined to include S. pruvoti (Brolemann, 1931, S. rubriventris Verhoeff, 1928, S. sulcatus (Verhoeff, 1928, S. teres (Verhoeff, 1924, S. vittatus (Verhoeff, 1924 and S. walesius Verhoeff, 1928, each of which is redescribed. Lectotypes are designated for S. sulcatus, S. teres, S. vittatus and S. walesius. Parwalesoma Verhoeff, 1937 is synonymised with Solaenodolichopus and S. vittatus dorsalis (Verhoeff, 1924 with S. vittatus vittatus (Verhoeff, 1924.

  19. The millipede genus Tylopus Jeekel, 1968 (Diplopoda, Polydesmida, Paradoxosomatidae, with a key and descriptions of eight new species from Indochina

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    Natdanai Likhitrakarn

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available The Indochinese to southern Chinese millipede genus Tylopus currently comprises 62 species, including eight new ones: T. flavolineatus sp. nov., T. hongkhraiensis sp. nov. from central and northern Thailand, respectively, T. moniliformis sp. nov., T. retusus sp. nov., T. acuminatus sp. nov., T. dorsalis sp. nov., T. thunghaihin sp. nov., all from Laos, and T. punctus sp. nov. from northern Myanmar. A new record of T. baenzigeri Golovatch & Enghoff, 1993, from northern Thailand is given. All these species are richly illustrated, and a modified key to all known species of the genus is also provided.

  20. Two new species, including one representing a new genus, of the West African millipede family Campodesmidae (Diplopoda: Polydesmida

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    Didier VandenSpiegel

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available A new genus, Campodesmoides gen. nov., is described to only encompass C. corniger sp. nov., from Cameroon. This genus and species is distinguished from the few known species of the small western African family Campodesmidae, all currently in Campodesmus, by the much longer antennae and legs, the normal pore formula with ozopores borne on porosteles, and the suberect and distally twisted gonopod, coupled with peculiar horns on a few anterior postcollum segments. A new Campodesmus is also described, C. alobatus sp. nov., from Ivory Coast, which differs from congeners primarily in the lack of a dorsal/lateral lobe on the otherwise usual and strongly subcircular gonopod telopodite, albeit the latter is not directed mesad, but held subparallel to the main body axis.

  1. Revision of the Southeast Asian millipede genus Orthomorpha Bollman, 1893, with the proposal of a new genus (Diplopoda, Polydesmida, Paradoxosomatidae

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    Natdanai Likhitrakarn

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available The large genus Orthomorpha is rediagnosed and is shown to currently comprise 51 identifiable species ranging from northern Myanmar and Thailand in the Northwest to Lombok Island, Indonesia in the Southeast. Of them, 20 species have been revised and/or abundantly illustrated, based on a restudy of mostly type material; further 12 species are described as new: O. atypica sp. n., O. communis sp. n., O. isarankurai sp. n., O. picturata sp. n., O. similanensis sp. n., O. suberecta sp. n., O. tuberculifera sp. n., O. subtuberculifera sp. n. and O. latiterga sp. n., all from Thailand, as well as O. elevata sp. n., O. spiniformis sp. n. and O. subelevata sp. n., from northern Malaysia. The type-species O. beaumontii (Le Guillou, 1841 is redescribed in due detail from male material as well, actually being a senior subjective synonym of O. spinala (Attems, 1932, syn. n. Two additional new synonymies are proposed: O. rotundicollis (Attems, 1937 = O. tuberculata (Attems, 1937, syn. n., and O. butteli Carl, 1922 = O. consocius Chamberlin, 1945, syn. n., the valid names to the left. All species have been keyed and all new and some especially widespread species have been mapped. Further six species, including two revised from type material, are still to be considered dubious, mostly because their paraterga appear to be too narrow to represent Orthomorpha species. A new genus, Orthomorphoides gen. n., diagnosed versus Orthomorpha through only moderately well developed paraterga, coupled with a poorly bi- or trifid gonopod tip, with at least some of its apical prongs being short spines, is erected for two species: O. setosus (Attems, 1937, the type-species, which is also revised from type material, and O. exaratus (Attems, 1953, both comb. n. ex Orthomorpha.

  2. Review of the millipede genus Kronopolites Attems, 1914 (Diplopoda, Polydesmida, Paradoxosomatidae, with the description of a new species from Laos

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    Natdanai Likhitrakarn

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The millipede genus Kronopolites currently comprises 11 species, including a new species from northern Laos: K. lunatus sp. n. The generic diagnosis is updated, a key given to all known species, and their distributions are mapped.

  3. Four colorful new species of dragon millipedes, genus Desmoxytes Chamberlin, 1923, from northern Thailand (Diplopoda: Polydesmida: Paradoxosomatidae)

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    Srisonchai, Ruttapon; Enghoff, Henrik; Likhitrakarn, Natdanai

    2016-01-01

    Four new dragon millipede species of the genus Desmoxytes from northern Thailand are described and illustrated: D. des sp. n. from Chiang Mai Province, D. breviverpa sp. n. from Phrae Province, D. takensis sp. n. from Tak Province and D. pinnasquali sp. n. from Phitsanulok Province. The new speci...... on the metaterga, and the shape of the paraterga. The coloration of all new species is clearly aposematic: ranging from purple-pink to red. The new species are discussed in relation to their congeners, and a distribution map is provided....

  4. Two new cave-dwelling millipedes from Macedonia - Diplopoda, Myriapoda

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    Ćurčić Božidar P.

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Two new Macedonian species from the families Julidae and Polydesmidae are illustrated, described and diagnostified: Typhloiulus (Typhloiulus giganteus n. sp. and Brachydesmus zlatiborpetrovici n. sp. Interspecific relationships, zoogeographic data and some taxonomic evidence is briefly discussed. Keys for the Macedonian species of Typhloiulus Verhoeff and Brachydesmus Heller are provided.

  5. Sounding salvation: Theological perspectives on music as articulation of life

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    Johan Cilliers

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper proposes some theological perspectives on the phenomenon of sound (i.e. music, linking it to the gospel of salvation (i.e. well-being. Possible links between sound and music; sound and life; sound and silence; and sound and salvation are indicated. Some differences between the Western and African understandings of sound, music and life are highlighted; followed by suggestions concerning the connections between salvation, well-being, and the healing of life. A theological understanding of music as an expression of transcendence and anticipation is given, profiling it as a distinct form of hope. The paper concludes by comparing two iconic paintings that depict sound: The Scream by Edvard Munch and The Tortured Christ by Guido Rocha.

  6. Analysis of the Salvation Army World Service Offices Disaster Relief Capabilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-03-01

    south Florida (The Salvation Army, Australia , 2010). SAWSO’s funding supplied food, water, and medical services. Within one year after the...21 Figure 6. Salvation Army Organizational Strucutre. Source: The Salvation Army Australia Southern Territory (2016...Salvationist historians, Booth’s son, Bramwell, returned to the family home in London one night and 28 lamented over the number of homeless men and

  7. Baseline values of immunologic parameters in the lizard Salvator ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... related differences in the immune parameters analyzed. Having established baseline values for these four widely-used immunologic biomarkers, ongoing studies will seek to optimize the use of the S. merianae model in future research. Keywords: Biomarkers, Immune system, Reptilian, Salvator merianae, Sentinel model ...

  8. Salvation in the Bible and in Our Lives. Collegeville

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    considered in correlation with the human potential for self-transcendence. Finally, the notions of God's creation and salvation are brought together in the realization that humans – as personal subjects, interpersonal beings, and self-agents – cannot be redeemed unless they meet God anew through these very facets of their ...

  9. The relation between creation and salvation in the Trinitarian ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This article explored the relation between creation and salvation as acts of God in the theology of Robert Jenson, an American Lutheran theologian. This is important due to Jenson's growing importance as theologian and because of the current importance of ecotheology (and related themes that were implicated by the ...

  10. On history and salvation in Emmanuel Levinas and Ernst Bloch

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    Salomon J. Terreblanche

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available This article explores the tension between history and salvation as theme in contemporary social and humanist philosophy. Special reference is made to Emmanuel Levinas’ work in order to delineate the scope of the questions involved, and to critically elucidate the position on history, death and hope in new-Marxist philosopher Ernst Bloch. The article then illuminates Levinas’ phenomenological account of fecundity, parenthood, patience and institutional justice as hopeful moments that are contained in his philosophy on history

  11. A new genus of Odontopygid Millipeds from Tanzania (Diplopoda ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    A new genus of Odontopygid Millipeds from Tanzania (Diplopoda: Spirostreptida: Odontopygidae). Richard L Hoffman, Kim M Howell. Abstract. The new generic taxon Calyptomastix is proposed to accommodate the type species Odontopyge kakandae Kraus, 1958, and, tentatively, Odontopyge dorsalis Carl, 1909, ...

  12. A checklist of the millipedes (Diplopoda) of Laos.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Likhitrakarn, Natdanai; Golovatch, Sergei I; Panha, Somsak

    2014-01-16

    At the present, the millipede fauna of Laos comprises only 34 species from 20 genera, 13 families and 7 orders. These counts certainly represent but a minor fraction of the country's real diversity of Diplopoda even at the ordinal level, let alone at lower ones. Based on the available information from the adjacent parts of China, Thailand, Myanmar, Vietnam and/or Cambodia, the orders Polyxenida, Sphaerotheriida, Chordeumatida, Julida and Polyzoniida must occur in Laos, may be also Glomeridesmida, Siphonocryptida and Stemmiulida, but none has been recorded there yet. Moreover, even some ubiquitous "tramp" species, such as Glyphiulus granulatus (Gervais, 1847), Trigoniulus corallinus (Gervais, 1847), Desmoxytes planata (Pocock, 1895) or Oxidus gracilis (C. L. Koch, 1847), have hitherto not been found in Laos. This shows that a lot more collecting efforts, which have heretofore been rather strongly biased to caves, are required to amass a representative material of Diplopoda of Laos and make it available for study.

  13. Review of the western African millipede genus Diaphorodesmus Silvestri, 1896 (Diplopoda, Polydesmida, Chelodesmidae), with the description of a similar, but new monotypic genus from Cameroon.

    Science.gov (United States)

    VandenSpiegel, Didier; Golovatch, Sergei I; Mauriès, Jean-Paul

    2016-01-01

    The genus Diaphorodesmus is revised and shown to comprise only a single species, Diaphorodesmus dorsicornis (Porat, 1894) by priority, with the only other formal congener, Diaphorodesmus attemsii Verhoeff, 1938, considered as its junior subjective synonym, syn. n. A new monotypic genus, Diaphorodesmoides gen. n., is created to include Diaphorodesmoides lamottei sp. n., from southwestern Cameroon. Both these genera seem to be especially similar in sharing remarkable dorsal horns on metaterga 2-4, a unique synapomorphy in the basically Afrotropical subfamily Prepodesminae, family Chelodesmidae, to which they belong. In contrast to Diaphorodesmus which shows two, increasingly short, paramedian horns on each of metaterga 2-4, the ozopores borne on distinct porosteles, and the gonopod prefemoral process and solenophore less strongly elaborate, Diaphorodesmoides gen. n. has a single, increasingly large, central horn on each of metaterga 2-4, the ozopores opening flush dorsolaterally on the surface of poriferous paraterga, and both the gonopod prefemoral process and solenophore especially complex. The genus Campodesmoides VandenSpiegel, Golovatch & Nzoko Fiemapong, 2015, and its sole, and type, species Campodesmoides corniger VandenSpiegel, Golovatch & Nzoko Fiemapong, 2015, are transferred from Campodesmidae to Chelodesmidae and formally synonymized with Diaphorodesmus and Diaphorodesmus dorsicornis, both syn. n.

  14. Review of the western African millipede genus Diaphorodesmus Silvestri, 1896 (Diplopoda, Polydesmida, Chelodesmidae), with the description of a similar, but new monotypic genus from Cameroon

    OpenAIRE

    VandenSpiegel, Didier; Golovatch, Sergei I.; Mauriès, Jean-Paul

    2016-01-01

    Abstract The genus Diaphorodesmus is revised and shown to comprise only a single species, Diaphorodesmus dorsicornis (Porat, 1894) by priority, with the only other formal congener, Diaphorodesmus attemsii Verhoeff, 1938, considered as its junior subjective synonym, syn. n. A new monotypic genus, Diaphorodesmoides gen. n., is created to include Diaphorodesmoides lamottei sp. n., from southwestern Cameroon. Both these genera seem to be especially similar in sharing remarkable dorsal horns on me...

  15. The Story of Human, from Authority to Salvation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neda Khoshaghani

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available The discussion of the human authority and his abuse of the authority are one of the main teachings of Testamaents and so Christian thinker. Of these, Irenaeus and Tertullian –of first church fathers-both regard the human authority as a necessity in the human creation for his achievement of the perfection. But the human doesn’t use his authority correctly and cause his sin. Although Irenaeus attends to the inhibitor concept of sin, sometimes believes in its positive function and regards it as a means of the human experience and the distinction of good and evil. But unlike Irenaeus, Tertullian haven’t believed in this metamorphic concept of sin, and believes that the sin leads to death and the fall of human, like Adam and Even Fall rejected from heaven. unlike Tertullian, Irenaeus regards Adam and Even sin due to their disability in beginning of the creation and interprets their Fall as driving of their arrival to world for being likeness of God, and no obstacle of the perfection path. However, in Irenaeus and Tertullian soteriology, the human authority isn’t enough, but the presence of Father, Son and Spirit is necessary in the salvation and perfection process.

  16. The Story of Human, from Authority to Salvation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neda Khoshaghani

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available  The discussion of the human authority and his abuse of the authority are one of the main teachings of Testamaents and so Christian thinker. Of these, Irenaeus and Tertullian –of first church fathers-both regard the human authority as a necessity in the human creation for his achievement of the perfection. But the human doesn’t use his authority correctly and cause his sin. Although Irenaeus attends to the inhibitor concept of sin, sometimes believes in its positive function and regards it as a means of the human experience and the distinction of good and evil. But unlike Irenaeus, Tertullian haven’t believed in this metamorphic concept of sin, and believes that the sin leads to death and the fall of human, like Adam and Even Fall rejected from heaven. unlike Tertullian, Irenaeus regards Adam and Even sin due to their disability in beginning of the creation and interprets their Fall as driving of their arrival to world for being likeness of God, and no obstacle of the perfection path. However, in Irenaeus and Tertullian soteriology, the human authority isn’t enough, but the presence of Father, Son and Spirit is necessary in the salvation and perfection process.

  17. Millipedes (Diplopoda of twelve caves in Western Mecsek, Southwest Hungary

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Angyal, D.

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Twelve caves of Western Mecsek, Southwest Hungary were examined between September 2010 and April 2013from the millipede (Diplopoda faunistical point of view. Ten species were found in eight caves, which consistedeutroglophile and troglobiont elements as well. The cave with the most diverse fauna was the Törökpince Sinkhole, while thetwo previously also investigated caves, the Abaligeti Cave and the Mánfai-kőlyuk Cave provided less species, which couldbe related to their advanced touristic and industrial utilization.

  18. The rediscovery of the Common Water Monitor Lizard Varanus salvator (Squamata: Varanidae in northern Myanmar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sai Sein Lin Oo

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available On 09 June 2015, a Common Water Monitor Varanus salvator (Laurenti, 1768 was observed and photographed (Image 1 on the campus of Banmaw University, Banmaw (Bhamo, Kachin State, Myanmar (24018’15”N & 97015’52”E.  Subsequently, a second individual was observed 140km to the west at Banmauk, Sagaing Division (24024’N & 95051’E. These two observations are the first records of Varanus salvator from Upper Myanmar since Anderson (1878. It would be interesting to conduct follow-up studies to determine whether this is indeed a relict northern population. 

  19. Dalit humanization: A Quest based on M.M. Thomas' theology of salvation and humanization

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rajaiah, J.

    2016-01-01

    Chapter one states the central quest of this thesis: to develop a Dalit theology on the basis of the concepts salvation and humanization of M.M. Thomas. Chapter two elucidates the socio- political and religious milieu which influenced his theology. Thomas’ theology has evolved and developed in

  20. Eschatological salvation in Hebrews 1:5-2:5 | Oyetade | Ilorin ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ×ƒÙƒÑ means a study of last things which future aspect of salvation addresses. Methodologies adopted ... Data were gathered through secondary sources in which consultations were made through published works and the internet. It has been ...

  1. Millipedes and centipedes in German greenhouses (Myriapoda: Diplopoda, Chilopoda

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    Peter Decker

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available A review is given of all the literature records of millipedes and centipedes that have been found in German greenhouses together with additional records for 29 such sites. Species lists are given for 46 greenhouses investigated throughout Germany. Thirty-five diplopod and 18 chilopod species were found to occur in greenhouses, of which 15 (3 Chilopoda, 12 Diplopoda are restricted to this type of habitat. First records for Germany include Anadenobolus monilicornis (Porat, 1876, Epinannolene cf. trinidadensis Chamberlin, 1918, Epinannolene sp., Mesoiulus gridellii Strasser, 1934, Leptogoniulus sorornus (Butler, 1876, Rhinotus purpureus (Pocock, 1894, Cryptops doriae Pocock, 1891, Lamyctes coeculus (Brölemann, 1889 and Tygarrup javanicus (Attems, 1907. The millipedes Oxidus gracilis (C. L. Koch, 1847 and Amphitomeus attemsi (Schubart, 1934 and the centipedes Lithobius forficatus (Linnaeus, 1758 and Cryptops hortensis (Donovan, 1810 are the species most frequently found in greenhouses.

  2. Millipedes and centipedes in German greenhouses (Myriapoda: Diplopoda, Chilopoda).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Decker, Peter; Reip, Hans Simon; Voigtländer, Karin

    2014-01-01

    A review is given of all the literature records of millipedes and centipedes that have been found in German greenhouses together with additional records for 29 such sites. Species lists are given for 46 greenhouses investigated throughout Germany. Thirty-five diplopod and 18 chilopod species were found to occur in greenhouses, of which 15 (3 Chilopoda, 12 Diplopoda) are restricted to this type of habitat. First records for Germany include Anadenobolusmonilicornis (Porat, 1876), Epinannolenecf.trinidadensis Chamberlin, 1918, Epinannolene sp., Mesoiulusgridellii Strasser, 1934, Leptogoniulussorornus (Butler, 1876), Rhinotuspurpureus (Pocock, 1894), Cryptopsdoriae Pocock, 1891, Lamyctescoeculus (Brölemann, 1889) and Tygarrupjavanicus (Attems, 1907). The millipedes Oxidusgracilis (C. L. Koch, 1847) and Amphitomeusattemsi (Schubart, 1934) and the centipedes Lithobiusforficatus (Linnaeus, 1758) and Cryptopshortensis (Donovan, 1810) are the species most frequently found in greenhouses.

  3. A species checklist of the millipedes (Myriapoda, Diplopoda) of India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Golovatch, Sergei I; Wesener, Thomas

    2016-06-27

    At present, the millipede fauna of India comprises over 270 nominate species or subspecies in at least 90 genera, 25 families and 11 orders. As complete a catalogue as possible is compiled of all species or subspecies of Diplopoda formally reported from India, some of which remain dubious. Additionally, a checklist is also compiled of millipedes that have erroneously been recorded in India. Given also several literature lacunae, as well as numerous taxonomic problems, the number of species and even genera cannot be claimed precise. The following new transfers are proposed: Delarthrum pumilum (Attems, 1944), comb. n. ex Dasypharkis Attems, 1936; Stemmiulus crassipes (Carl, 1941), S. insolitus (Carl, 1941), S. mulierosus (Carl, 1937), S. plumipes (Carl, 1941) and S. vagans (Carl, 1941), all comb. n. ex Diopsiulus Silvestri, 1897; Cryptocorypha riparia (Carl, 1932), comb. n. ex Archandrodesmus Carl, 1932. A new record of Stenobolus insularis Carl, 1918 is given from India.

  4. Reinstatement of Spirostreptus kandyanus Humbert, 1865 and deletion of Thyropygus allevatus (Karsch, 1881) and Sphaeropoeus hercules (Brandt, 1833) in the checklist of Sri Lankan Diplopoda.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zoysa, H K S DE; Ukuwela, Kanishka D B; Wickramasinghe, S; Nguyen, Anh D; Hollier, John

    2017-03-27

    The Diplopoda have been studied for some 250 years, but until the later part of the nineteenth century most descriptions were rather cursory and neither the species concept nor type concept were well established (Hoffman 2009). Even for well-explored regions like Europe, the description of the Diplopoda saw a proliferation of synonyms (Enghoff 1976) while the complexity of Diplopoda systematics was severely underestimated until very recently (Brewer et al. 2012).

  5. A profile of the belief in Jesus and salvation among the Afrikaans speaking Christian youth

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hendrik J.C. Pieterse

    2003-11-01

    Full Text Available This article is based on the results of a large-scale empirical-theolo-gical research project on “Religion and Human Rights among South African Youth.” Using the extensive database of this project, the article focuses on the results on the images of Jesus and the belief in salvation of Grade 11 learners. The results present a profile of the pluralistic and diverse scale of nuances in the belief structures of Christian teenagers. The results of the English-speaking private school learners are placed alongside the results of the Afrikaans speaking public school learners in order to obtain a more prolific picture of the belief of the Afrikaans speaking youth. The effect their belief in salvation has on their views regarding human rights is also examined. The results challenge the preacher to think dialectically and hermeneutically in a new age and context.

  6. Functional Segregation within the Muscles of Aquatic Propulsion in the Asiatic Water Monitor (Varanus salvator)

    OpenAIRE

    Bruce Arthur Young; Jessica Dumais; Nicholas John; Brandon Lyons; Andrew Macduff; Matthew Most; Nathan A. Reiser; Peter J Reiser

    2016-01-01

    Water monitor lizards (Varanus salvator) swim using sinusoidal oscillations generated at the base of their long (50% of total body length) tail. In an effort to determine which level of the structural/organizational hierarchy of muscle is associated with functional segregation between the muscles of the tail base, an array of muscle features — myosin heavy chain profiles, enzymatic fiber types, twitch and tetanic force production, rates of fatigue, muscle compliance, and electrical activity ...

  7. Good grief: Lord of the Flies as a post-war rewriting of salvation history

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. van Vuuren

    2004-07-01

    Full Text Available Golding’s Lord of the Flies, first published in 1954, reflects a bleak sense of post-war pessimism. But with undue attention focused on its portrayal of original sin and the problem of evil, readings have often remained reductive. In this article it is argued that the novel’s symbolic narrative is polysemic and, when it is read as anagogic myth, may be seen to span Judaeo-Christian Heilsgeschichte or salvation history, rewriting its chapters of creation, Fall, the problem of evil, the failure of law, the hope of salvation, the mission of a messianic figure, and – in the clearest departure from the Biblical narrative – an ambiguous representation of his return. This study examines the novel’s often paradoxical symbolism using Frye’s phases of anagogic myth, with its poles of apocalyptic and demonic imagery. It traces the relation of symbols to their counterparts in Biblical narratives, drawn in particular from the symbolic writings of the origin and end of humanity, to elucidate Golding’s bleak but certainly not hopeless rewriting of the salvation story for a post-faith readership.

  8. Pious works as a Path to Salvation: the Bishopric of Albarracín (XVII century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Manuel LATORRE CIRIA

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available  This article intends to show the role that various pious works play as instruments of salvation and as an expression of certain forms of religiousness that had deep social repercussions. We highlight the case of the bishopric of Albarracín during the XVII century. The study is mainly concerned with the information furnished by pastoral visits, the book of chaplaincy institutions and two reports on the bishopric written toward the start and the end of the XVII century respectively. The founding of chaplaincies and benefices was effected as an answer to the search for spiritual graces; however these institutions which were offered to the faithful by the Church as paths to salvation provided clear social advantages. Through these institutions the future of a family member could be secured. The memory and name of the founder perpetuated and the vanity of the linages was satisfied. Pious works were instruments of salvation, but also of solidarity, and family support.

  9. Pre- and Postcopulatory Traits of Salvator Male Lizards in Allopatry and Sympatry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergio Naretto

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The reproductive traits of males are under influence of sexual pressures before and after copulation. The strength of sexual selection varies across populations because they undergo varying competition for mating opportunities. Besides intraspecific pressures, individuals seem to be subjected to pressures driven by interspecific interactions in sympatry. Lizards may vary their reproductive strategies through varying sexual characters, body size, gonadal investment, and sperm traits. We evaluated the reproductive traits, involved in pre- and postcopulatory competition, in allopatric and sympatric populations of Salvator lizards. We observed a spatial gradient of male competition among populations, with the following order: allopatric zone of S. rufescens; sympatric zone; and allopatric zone of S. merianae. Accordingly, variation in secondary sexual character, the relative testis mass, and the length of sperm component was observed between allopatry and sympatry in each species, suggesting differences in the investment of reproductive traits. However, we found that these two Salvator species did not differ in secondary sexual characters in sympatry. Interestingly, the trade-off between testes and muscle varied differently from allopatry to sympatry between these Salvator species, suggesting that the influence of social context on reproductive traits investment would affect lizard species differently.

  10. Pre- and Postcopulatory Traits of Salvator Male Lizards in Allopatry and Sympatry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Naretto, Sergio; Blengini, Cecilia S.; Cardozo, Gabriela; Chiaraviglio, Margarita

    2016-01-01

    The reproductive traits of males are under influence of sexual pressures before and after copulation. The strength of sexual selection varies across populations because they undergo varying competition for mating opportunities. Besides intraspecific pressures, individuals seem to be subjected to pressures driven by interspecific interactions in sympatry. Lizards may vary their reproductive strategies through varying sexual characters, body size, gonadal investment, and sperm traits. We evaluated the reproductive traits, involved in pre- and postcopulatory competition, in allopatric and sympatric populations of Salvator lizards. We observed a spatial gradient of male competition among populations, with the following order: allopatric zone of S. rufescens; sympatric zone; and allopatric zone of S. merianae. Accordingly, variation in secondary sexual character, the relative testis mass, and the length of sperm component was observed between allopatry and sympatry in each species, suggesting differences in the investment of reproductive traits. However, we found that these two Salvator species did not differ in secondary sexual characters in sympatry. Interestingly, the trade-off between testes and muscle varied differently from allopatry to sympatry between these Salvator species, suggesting that the influence of social context on reproductive traits investment would affect lizard species differently. PMID:27110428

  11. The relation between creation and salvation in the Trinitarian theology of Robert Jenson

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anné H. Verhoef

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available This article explored the relation between creation and salvation as acts of God in the theology of Robert Jenson, an American Lutheran theologian. This is important due to Jenson’s growing importance as theologian and because of the current importance of ecotheology (and related themes that were implicated by the relation between creation and salvation. Jenson’s theology is an effort to tell God’s particular story and it can be described as a Trinitarian, narrative and eschatological theology. His starting point is that God’s eternity must not be understood as timeless (this is unbiblical and incompatible with the story of creation and redemption and that creation (space and time takes place somehow within the being of God. Jenson qualified this ‘withinness’, but also emphasised that creation is an intelligible whole, a history with an intended end. It is important for him that God’s story – a story of dramatic coherence – is not separated from our own and creation’s story. Within this understanding of God’s story (as dramatic coherence, creation found its own dramatic teleology because salvation also includes creation. Creation is therefore not subjected to pointlessness any longer, but will find its final place within God. The implication of this is that we must value creation much more and act with more responsibility towards it. According to Jenson we must enjoy creation in an aesthetic fashion and delight in creation as a whole because of its dramatic teleology.

  12. Issue of Salvation in Christianity: A Study in the Perspective of Islamic Ethics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Syed Mohammad Hilmi, S. A. R.

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The doctrine of salvation is considered as a central pillar in Christian’s belief, in which underlying most of the fundamental teachings in Christianity such as the doctrines of original sin, redemption and Crucifixion. The notion of salvation – in Christianity and other religions that have faith in it - is stemmed from the belief that evil is a vital issue in this universe, whence it develops view and perception towards man and universe, and the belief that religion came to safe and free man from the evil. The doctrine of salvation in Christian faith, is the saving of the soul from sins and its consequences in general and original sin in particular, and is made possible by the sacrificial death of Jesus Christ by crucifixion. The original sin is attributed to the Lord of Evil and it had transmitted this universe into evil, and change the nature of man, who is born free from sin into evil. Conversely, the religion of Islam views that man is originally good and is born in the state of “fitrah”, innocent and free from sin. Islam differentiates between the idea of “Fitrah”, the source of good behaviour and “Gharizah”, the instinct which arise together with human soul and leads mankind to bad moral conduct whenever it is misled or deviated. It is believed that the original sin committed by Adam due to this deviation. Based on this understanding, Islam enjoin man for self-purification in order for him to succeed in the hereafter.

  13. Helminths of the Lizard Salvator merianae (Squamata, Teiidae) in the Caatinga, Northeastern Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teixeira, A A M; Brito, S V; Teles, D A; Ribeiro, S C; Araujo-Filho, J A; Lima, V F; Pereira, A M A; Almeida, W O

    2017-01-01

    The lizard Salvator merianae is a widely distributed species in South America, occurring from southern Amazonia to the eastern Andes and northern Patagonia. Studies on the parasitic fauna of this lizard have revealed that it is a host for helminths in various Brazilian biomes. The present work provides new parasitological data on the gastrointestinal nematodes associated with the lizard S. merianae. Sixteen specimens were analyzed from nine different locations in a semi-arid region in northeastern Brazil. Five species of nematodes were identified. Oswaldofilaria petersi was first recorded as a parasite of the S. merianae, thus increasing the knowledge of the fauna of parasites that infect large Neotropical lizards.

  14. Stigma and salvation: advertising HIV awareness in New York City: a case study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kern, Rebecca; Forman, Abbe

    2013-01-01

    Popular culture representations and negotiations of HIV/AIDS have fluctuated over the last several decades, and awareness of the illness and its causes has grown due to better education and extensive cultural dialogue. The following examines two contemporary HIV/AIDS public health campaigns in the New York City area. Although there have been limited improvements in the portrayals of HIV-positive individuals, advertising focused on HIV awareness still does not directly address prevention. These two campaigns encourage two distinct messages; one that reinforces the stigma attached to HIV/AIDS and one that promises salvation.

  15. Baseline values of immunologic parameters in the lizard Salvator merianae (Teiidae, Squamata

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Paula Mestre

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available The genus Salvator is widely distributed throughout South America. In Argentina, the species most abundant widely distributed is Salvator merianae. Particularly in Santa Fe province, the area occupied by populations of these lizards overlaps with areas where agriculture was extended. With the aim of established baseline values for four immunologic biomarkers widely used, 36 tegu lizards were evaluated tacking into account different age classes and both sexes. Total leukocyte counts were not different between age classes. Of the leucocytes count, eosinophils levels were higher in neonates compared with juvenile and adults; nevertheless, the heterophils group was the most prevalent leukocyte in the peripheral blood in all age classes. Lymphocytes, monocytes, heterophils, azurophils and basophils levels did not differ with age. Natural antibodies titres were higher in the adults compared with neonates and juveniles lizards. Lastly, complement system activity was low in neonates compared with juveniles and adults. Statistical analysis within each age group showed that gender was not a factor in the outcomes. Based on the results, we concluded that S. merianae demonstrated age (but not gender related differences in the immune parameters analyzed. Having established baseline values for these four widely-used immunologic biomarkers, ongoing studies will seek to optimize the use of the S. merianae model in future research.

  16. Morgue of the Misbegotten: O’Neill’s Pattern of Salvation in The Iceman Cometh

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    Mufeed F. Al-Abdullah

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyzes Eugene O’Neill’s advocation of the impossibility of salvation or reformation on both societal and individual levels as dramatized in The Iceman Cometh. The method the playwright uses is to have a group of derelict characters gather in an isolated place and put them under the spell of a savior, Hickey, who aspires to shape their lives according to his own vision. O’Neill’s savior, however, proves to be a parody of a savior, who alienates the misfortunate group instead of saving it.Hickey’s brand of salvation leads to death as a means of terminating human life and negating spiritual values. This paper thus analyzes O’Neill’s masterpiece as a dramatization of his pessimistic vision of the world as a lodge of the misfortunate, of human life as a nightmare, and of death as the only way out. The Iceman Cometh orchestrates no hope for man in modern times, but sings an elegy for the misbegotten and depicts the world as a morgue for death-in-life.

  17. A new species of Rhigonema Cobb, 1898 (Nematoda: Rhigonematidae) from a Cuban spirobolid millipede (Diplopoda: Spirobolida)

    OpenAIRE

    García,Nayla; Morffe,Jans

    2014-01-01

    Rhigonema nesoboli sp. nov. (Nematoda: Rhigonematidae) is described from the gut of Nesobolus piedra (Diplopoda: Rhinocricidae) from Eastern Cuba. The new species is characterized by: the body length of both sexes; the cephalic collar umbelliform; the microtricha large, fine, backwardly directed, extending until the first portion of the intestine; the tail comparatively long and subulate in the female and elbowed in the male; the genital tract of Type 4; a number of 19-21 copulatory papillae ...

  18. An annotated checklist of the Chilopoda and Diplopoda (Myriapoda) of the Abrau Peninsula, northwestern Caucasus, Russia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Semenyuk, Irina I.; Tuf, Ivan H.

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Background The Abrau Peninsula is located in northwestern Caucasus between the cities of Novorossiysk and Anapa, Krasnodar Province, Russia. This paper contains an annotated checklist of the Chilopoda and Diplopoda inhabiting the Abrau Peninsula. New information The fauna of the Abrau Peninsula comprises 17 centipede (4 orders) and 16 millipede (6 orders) species. Henia taurica, hitherto known only from the Crimea, has now been reported from several localities in the studied region. The study also reveals two possibly new millipede species. Statistical analyses showed that habitat preferences of myriapod species within the Abrau Peninsula are caused by species geographic distribution pattern and microbiotope preferences. PMID:27346949

  19. An annotated checklist of the Chilopoda and Diplopoda (Myriapoda) of the Abrau Peninsula, northwestern Caucasus, Russia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Korobushkin, Daniil I; Semenyuk, Irina I; Tuf, Ivan H

    2016-01-01

    The Abrau Peninsula is located in northwestern Caucasus between the cities of Novorossiysk and Anapa, Krasnodar Province, Russia. This paper contains an annotated checklist of the Chilopoda and Diplopoda inhabiting the Abrau Peninsula. The fauna of the Abrau Peninsula comprises 17 centipede (4 orders) and 16 millipede (6 orders) species. Henia taurica, hitherto known only from the Crimea, has now been reported from several localities in the studied region. The study also reveals two possibly new millipede species. Statistical analyses showed that habitat preferences of myriapod species within the Abrau Peninsula are caused by species geographic distribution pattern and microbiotope preferences.

  20. Tropical dermatology: Venomous arthropods and human skin: Part II. Diplopoda, Chilopoda, and Arachnida.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haddad, Vidal; Cardoso, João Luiz Costa; Lupi, Omar; Tyring, Stephen K

    2012-09-01

    Members of arthropod classes Chilopoda (centipedes), Diplopoda (millipedes), and Arachnida (spiders and scorpions) cause tissue injury via bites, stings, and/or a release of toxins. A few members of the Acari subclass of Arachnida (mites and ticks) can transmit a variety of infectious diseases, but this review will cover the noninfectious manifestations of these vectors. Dermatologists should be familiar with the injuries caused by these arthropods in order to initiate proper treatment and recommend effective preventative measures. Copyright © 2012 American Academy of Dermatology, Inc. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

  1. Invertebrate fauna (Coleoptera, Collembola, Diplopoda, Isopoda collected in the karst areas of the Aninei - Locvei Mountains

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrei Giurginca

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available The authors identified 132 species of invertebrates (14 Oniscidea, 25 Diplopoda,31 Collembola and 62 Coleoptera recently sampled (2001–2006 from the soil and subterranean (MSS and caves environments from the Banat Mountains. Some new,rare and endemic species are discussed. The seasonal changes of the species diversity in the superficial subterranean environments at 0.5 to 1 m in depth are for the first time presented for the Reşiţa – Moldova Nouă synclinorium. The characteristic and preferential species for the mesovoid shallow substratum (MSS, belonging to the analyzed taxa, are identified.

  2. Genotoxicity induced by Roundup® (Glyphosate) in tegu lizard (Salvator merianae) embryos.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schaumburg, Laura G; Siroski, Pablo A; Poletta, Gisela L; Mudry, Marta D

    2016-06-01

    Environmental contaminants produce multiple adverse consequences at individual, population and ecosystem levels. High volumes of agrochemicals applied to great variety of crops, together with agricultural expansion, generate great concerns due to the impact for the environment and large risk implicated for wildlife. The lack of data on these threats is striking. The tegu lizard (Salvator merianae) is one of the species that live in environments under contaminant effects. Several characteristics allow proposing this species as a potential sentinel organism for the monitoring of pesticides in their habitat. The present study is the first report about genotoxicity in tegu lizard neonates after embryonic exposure to Roundup® (glyphosate 66.2%). The micronucleus test (MN), nuclear abnormalities (NAs) assay and comet assay (CA) were used as biomarkers of genotoxic effects induced in erythrocytes by topical exposure of the eggs to the glyphosate commercial formulation Roundup® (RU), in laboratory controlled conditions. A total of 96 eggs were distributed in six groups exposed to RU (50, 100, 200, 400, 800, 1600μg/egg), one positive control (PC; 200μg cyclophosphamide/egg) and one negative control (NC; distilled water). No teratogenic effects were observed in any of the exposed or control neonates. A significant increase in DNA damage was observed in all concentrations higher than 100μg/egg with respect to NC (p0.05). Our results provide new information about the undesirable effects of the glyphosate-based herbicide formulations RU on this lizard species that inhabits areas permanently exposed to several pesticide formulations. We consider of utmost necessity a strict regulation of the agrochemical application conditions in those environments near to places where wild populations of terrestrial and aquatic species live, in order to minimize the adverse effects on ecosystems. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  3. Sōteria [salvation] in Christianity and Ụbandu [wholeness] in Igbo traditional religion: Towards a renewed understanding

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Omaka K. Ngele

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available This study affirmed the fact that there is the idea of salvation in all religions whether revealed or indigenous. This applies categorically to Christianity and Igbo traditional religion (ITR. The basis for this comparative study of sōteria [salvation] and ụbandu [wholeness] in both Christianity and ITR is to juxtapose the two religions’ intrinsic value and distinctive heritage for wider readership and shared knowledge. The aim of this study is to carry out a critical comparative study of the concepts of sōteria and ụbandu in both Christianity and ITR locating their nexus and point of departure. This study is therefore comparative in approach. The methodology applied to this effect is, firstly, the lexical analysis which involves a critical study of the uses of sōteria in the New Testament Greek Bible. Secondly, in the context of ITR, our discussions on ubandu and sōteria as form and expression of doctrine of salvation call for the application of a phenomenological lens; through this, we used oral interviews as source of primary data. This study discovered that both Christianity and ITR define soteria and ubandu from a physical standpoint to include God’s providence, protection and preservation. It is on eschatological experience of sōteria and ụbandu that both religions have points of nexus and divergences. It deciphers the fact that eschatological experience of sōteria in Christianity is highly dependent on the belief in Jesus and his mediatory role which can be either accepted or refused by humans. Eschatological experience of ubandu in ITR is ancestorhood which is highly dependent on the use of coercive force through the enforcement of omenala [Igbo moral codes] in ensuring its experience on the part of practitioners when they transit to the ancestral world.

  4. [Isotopic signature (15N/14N and 13C/12C) confirms similarity of trophic niches of millipedes (Myriapoda, Diplopoda) in a temperate deciduous forest].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Semeniuk, I I; Tiunov, A V

    2011-01-01

    The species composition, abundance, and isotopic signature of millipedes (Myriapoda, Diplopoda) were investigated in seven biotopes of Kaluzhskie Zaseki State Nature Reserve. Nine Diplopoda species were found in total, and the local species diversity (within a sampling plot) reached seven species. The Diplopoda tissues were similar to the plant litter in the isotopic composition of nitrogen (delta15N was by 0.4% per hundred higher, on average), but were more strongly enriched in heavy carbon (delta13C was by 4% per hundred higher, on average). Removal of mineral carbon from the cuticle reduced delta13C of Diplopoda by about 1.4% per hundred on average. Differences in the delta15N and delta13C values between the species did not exceed 2.5 per hundred. Differences in the isotopic compositions of the considered species are insignificant, and thus, it is impossible to distinguish particular trophic guilds in the Diplopoda community. Analysis of the published data confirmed that isotopic differentiation of millipedes was much less pronounced than in other investigated groups of soil animals. Hence, millipedes of the deciduous forest form a uniform trophic group.

  5. Sternites and spiracles - the unclear homology of ventral sclerites in the basal millipede order Glomeridesmida (Myriapoda, Diplopoda).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wesener, Thomas; Sierwald, Petra; Wägele, Johann-Wolfgang

    2014-01-01

    We report the discovery of a ventral plate in the basal and little-known chilognath millipede order Glomeridesmida. This ventral plate, interpreted here as a 'true sternite', is clearly separate from both the coxa and the more lateral stigma-carrying plates commonly referred to as 'diplopod sternites'. Therefore, the lateral, stigma-carrying plates of the Diplopoda, previously referred to as sternites, are not sternal elements, but subcoxal elements associated with the limb base. This discovery changes the nomenclature used for the ventral plates in Diplopoda, with the formerly named 'sternite' better referred to as 'stigma-carrying plate'. In helminthomorph Diplopoda, the stigma-carrying plates are apparently secondarily fused with the sternite. The main argument for the independent evolution of tracheae in insects and myriapods, the different location of their respective spiracles, no longer holds true. In all Myriapoda and Hexapoda the spiracles associated with subcoxal elements are located lateral to the limb base. This discovery shows that the arguments for an independent origin of tracheae in insects and myriapods are not uncontestable. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  6. [New species of Microsporidia, parasite of Myriapoda-Diplopoda of South Dahomey].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gasc, C; Loubès, C; Maurand, J; Bouix, G

    1976-01-01

    A new microsporidian parasitic in Myriapoda-Diplopoda of Sud-Dahomey (Habrodesmus falx Cook & Oxydesmus granulosus Palisot de Beauvois) is described by photonic microscopy. It can be recognized by its thick-enveloped pansporoblasts yielding from 30 to 66 elongate and ovoid spores measuring 4,8 mum in length and 2,2 mum in diameter. The spore is uninucleate. This microsporidian forms cysts in the anterior part of the host affecting the musculature of the digestive tract, the adipose tissue and segmentary muscles. However, it appears necessary to study this parasite again by means of electron microscopy for a better understanding of its life-cycle and in order to place it in the Microsporidian taxonomy.

  7. The Moral Arc of the Universe: Salvation as Emancipation (El arco del universo moral: la salvación como emancipación

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    James W. Ward

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Resumen: Muchas interpretaciones modernas de la salvación trasfiguran y personalizan la salvación. La estancia eterna de un alma en el cielo es posible por medio de la salvación. Las ideas judías y cristianas son más profundas y complicadas e incluyen una idea de la salvación como una emancipación de "poderes y principios." La salvación llega después de una adaptación por el dirigente legítimo del universo y una liberación de la esclavitud a otros dirigentes falsos. Yo resumo el significado del Éxodo y las interpretaciones cristianas del reino de Dios en tres de los movimientos más importantes de la emancipación en la historia de los Estados Unidos, y hasta se podría decir del mundo: la Revolución Americana, la campaña abolicionista y el movimiento por los derechos civiles.Abstract: Many modern Christian understandings of salvation spiritualize and personalize salvation. Salvation is what makes it possible for an individual soul to spend eternity in heaven. Jewish and Christian notions of salvation are richer and more complicated, and include an understanding of salvation as emancipation from "powers and principalities." To be saved is to be adopted by the rightful ruler of the universe and liberated from servitude to all other false rulers. I briefly outline the significance of the Exodus and Christian understandings of the kingdom of God for three of the major emancipation movements in the history of the United States, and arguably the world, namely the American Revolution, the abolitionist movement, and the Civil Rights movement.

  8. Influències de l’haikú a Occident: de Bashoo a Salvat-Papasseit

    OpenAIRE

    Méndez Cabrera, Jerónimo

    2006-01-01

    L’objectiu principal d’aquest article és fer una breu anàlisi comparativa entre allò que és considerat tradicionalment com a haiku o haikú i els poemes de Salvat-Papasseit compilats sota el títol de “Vibracions”, publicats el 1921 al seu L’irradiador del port i les gavines, per tal de veure la possible continuïtat d’un tòpic temàtic d’aquesta poesia japonesa: la seua referència a la natura i la realitat com a poema estacional. Per fer-hi una introducció, primerament, oferim una visió panoràmi...

  9. Crop Seedling Susceptibility to Armadillidium vulgare (Isopoda: Armadillidiidae) and Ommatoiulus moreletii (Diplopoda: Iulidae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Douglas, Josh; Macfadyen, Sarina; Hoffmann, Ary; Umina, Paul

    2017-10-16

    The isopod, Armadillidium vulgare (Latreille) (Isopoda: Armadillidiidae), and the millipede, Ommatoiulus moreletii (Lucas) (Diplopoda: Iulidae), are increasingly being reported as pests of emerging broadacre crop seedlings in southern Australia. This is thought to be due to the increased adoption of stubble retention practices, leading to increased abundance of these soil-dwelling organisms. Here, we evaluate the propensity of A. vulgare and O. moreletii to damage a range of crop seedlings. Through the combined analysis of a controlled feeding trial and field reports, we show A. vulgare is able to feed on and damage a range of pulses, legumes, cereals, and oilseeds, as emerging seedlings. O. moreletii had a more restricted range of feeding, being limited to lupin, lucerne, and canola in the feeding trial. These results are discussed in the context of developing pest management guidelines for these species. © The Authors 2017. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Entomological Society of America. All rights reserved. For permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  10. Pengaruh berbagai jenis penyamakan dan tipe finish terhadap morfologi, sifat organoleptis dan mekanis kulit biawak (Varanus salvator

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emiliana Kasmudjiastuti

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Monitor lizard (Varanus salvator skin is exotic leather because it has a unique grain. Therefore, the original grain of the animal needs to be maintained in the finishing process so that its performances look likes natural. This research aimed to study the effect of tanning materials (vegetable and chrome and the type of finish (natural, aniline, semi-aniline and two tone on morphology, organoleptic and mechanical properties of lizard skin. The materials used in this study were dry preserved lizard skins. The research varied on the types of tanning (vegetable and chrome and the type of finish (natural, aniline, semi-aniline and two tone each by varying the finishing materials (casein and protein binders. The tests were conducted on the observation of the structure using photomicrographs, rub fastness, adhesion of finish strength, tensile strength, elongation at break and organoleptic. The results showed that the best result was vegetable tanned lizard skin using natural finish with casein and met the requirements of SNI 06-4362-1996, lizard skin for shoe upper. This gave dry and wet rub fastness of 5 and 5 respectively; dry and wet adhesion of finish strength of 650 and 100 g/cm respectively; tensile strength of 207.43 kg/cm2; elongation at break of 37.52% and organoleptic value of panelists observations of 87.9 (good.

  11. Where Do Data Go When They Die? Attaining Data Salvation Through the Establishment of a Solar Dynamo Dataverse

    Science.gov (United States)

    Munoz-Jaramillo, Andres

    2016-05-01

    The arrival of a highly interconnected digital age with practically limitless data storage capacity has brought with it a significant shift in which scientific data is stored and distributed (i.e. from being in the hands of a small group of scientists to being openly and freely distributed for anyone to use). However, the vertiginous speed at which hardware, software, and the nature of the internet changes has also sped up the rate at which data is lost due to formatting obsolescence and loss of access.This poster is meant to advertise the creation of a highly permanent data repository (within the context of Harvard's Dataverse), curated to contain datasets of high relevance for the study, and prediction of the solar dynamo, solar cycle, and long-term solar variability. This repository has many advantages over traditional data storage like the assignment of unique DOI identifiers for each database (making it easier for scientist to directly cite them), and the automatic versioning of each database so that all data are able to attain salvation.

  12. The myriapodological legacy of Victor Ivanovich Motschoulsky (1810–1871)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Golovatch, Sergei

    2014-01-01

    Abstract The little that remains of Motschoulsky’s myriapodological legacy in the collection of Moscow’s Zoological Museum proves to be of very limited value. Only one species of Diplopoda described by Motschoulsky, the Caucasian Hirudisoma roseum (Victor, 1839), is still in use, yet requiring a neotype designation, whereas the remaining few myriapod names he proposed are either nomina dubia or nomina nuda. The former include Scolopendra pentagramma Motschoulsky, 1866 (Chilopoda, Scolopendromorpha, Scolopendridae) and Strongylosoma carinulatum Motschoulsky, 1866 (Diplopoda, Polydesmida, Paradoxosomatidae), both from Japan, as well as Julus costulatus Motschoulsky, 1851 (Diplopoda, Callipodida, Schizopetalidae?), from Montenegro, because their type material is either inadequate or missing. PMID:25147455

  13. The myriapodological legacy of Victor Ivanovich Motschoulsky (1810-1871).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Golovatch, Sergei

    2014-01-01

    The little that remains of Motschoulsky's myriapodological legacy in the collection of Moscow's Zoological Museum proves to be of very limited value. Only one species of Diplopoda described by Motschoulsky, the Caucasian Hirudisoma roseum (Victor, 1839), is still in use, yet requiring a neotype designation, whereas the remaining few myriapod names he proposed are either nomina dubia or nomina nuda. The former include Scolopendra pentagramma Motschoulsky, 1866 (Chilopoda, Scolopendromorpha, Scolopendridae) and Strongylosoma carinulatum Motschoulsky, 1866 (Diplopoda, Polydesmida, Paradoxosomatidae), both from Japan, as well as Julus costulatus Motschoulsky, 1851 (Diplopoda, Callipodida, Schizopetalidae?), from Montenegro, because their type material is either inadequate or missing.

  14. The myriapodological legacy of Victor Ivanovich Motschoulsky (1810–1871

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergei Golovatch

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The little that remains of Motschoulsky’s myriapodological legacy in the collection of Moscow’s Zoological Museum proves to be of very limited value. Only one species of Diplopoda described by Motschoulsky, the Caucasian Hirudisoma roseum (Victor, 1839, is still in use, yet requiring a neotype designation, whereas the remaining few myriapod names he proposed are either nomina dubia or nomina nuda. The former include Scolopendra pentagramma Motschoulsky, 1866 (Chilopoda, Scolopendromorpha, Scolopendridae and Strongylosoma carinulatum Motschoulsky, 1866 (Diplopoda, Polydesmida, Paradoxosomatidae, both from Japan, as well as Julus costulatus Motschoulsky, 1851 (Diplopoda, Callipodida, Schizopetalidae?, from Montenegro, because their type material is either inadequate or missing.

  15. New records of millipedes and centipedes from Bulgaria, with an annotated checklist of the Bulgarian myriapods.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bachvarova, Darina; Vagalinski, Boyan; Doichinov, Aleksandar; Stoev, Pavel

    2017-05-10

    The present paper records new and poorly known myriapods (Diplopoda, Chilopoda) collected in Bulgaria in the last 10 years. Four new species are reported as new to the Bulgarian fauna: Lithobius melanops Newport, 1845 (Chilopoda: Lithobiomorpha: Lithodiidae), Polydesmus collaris C.L. Koch, 1847, Polydesmus inconstans Latzel, 1884 and Polydesmus schaessburgensis Verhoeff, 1898 (Diplopoda: Polydesmida: Polydesmidae). Scanning electron micrographs of the gonopods and male leg-pairs 5 and 6 are provided for the first time for Bulgarosoma superficiei Strasser, 1975, a species hitherto known only from its original description. This article presents also an updated list of Myriapoda in Bulgaria. The list includes a total of 251 (sub-)species of the classes Diplopoda (127), Chilopoda (104), Pauropoda (18) and Symphyla (2).

  16. Africa. Salvation or Despair?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mandrup, Thomas

    2007-01-01

    South Africa is no ordinary state. Its history has moved it from being internationally considered an outcast to now being an internationally acclaimed success story. Since 1994, the South African government has actively sought to create a new image for itself, from “pariah state” to “peacemaker......”, a change that was also expected and demanded by the international community. As a consequence of this change, South Africa is now trying to lead by example, trying to export particular values and norms to the rest of the continent, while at the same time carrying Africa’s banner on the international stage....... A state wanting to be recognized and perceived as a benign “peacemaker” cannot use military power in the same way as a pariah state. To cultivate a reputation as a benign power, it must use force in a way that is acceptable to its neighbours and the international community at large. The purpose...

  17. Fine structure of the midgut epithelium in the millipede Telodeinopus aoutii (Myriapoda, Diplopoda) with special emphasis on epithelial regeneration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rost-Roszkowska, M M; Kszuk-Jendrysik, M; Marchewka, A; Poprawa, I

    2017-06-14

    The midgut of millipedes is composed of a simple epithelium that rests on a basal lamina, which is surrounded by visceral muscles and hepatic cells. As the material for our studies, we chose Telodeinopus aoutii (Demange, 1971) (Kenyan millipede) (Diplopoda, Spirostreptida), which lives in the rain forests of Central Africa. This commonly reared species is easy to obtain from local breeders and easy to culture in the laboratory. During our studies, we used transmission and scanning electron microscopes and light and fluorescent microscopes. The midgut epithelium of the species examined here shares similarities to the structure of the millipedes analyzed to date. The midgut epithelium is composed of three types of cells-digestive, secretory, and regenerative cells. Evidence of three types of secretion have been observed in the midgut epithelium: merocrine, apocrine, and microapocrine secretion. The regenerative cells of the midgut epithelium in millipedes fulfill the role of midgut stem cells because of their main functions: self-renewal (the ability to divide mitotically and to maintain in an undifferentiated state) and potency (ability to differentiate into digestive cells). We also confirmed that spot desmosomes are common intercellular junctions between the regenerative and digestive cells in millipedes.

  18. Millipede and centipede (Myriapoda: Diplopoda, Chilopoda assemblages in secondary succession: variance and abundance in Western German beech and coniferous forests as compared to fallow ground

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Schreiner

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Successional processes are an important element of commercial-forest ecosystems. They can be followed by studying the species composition of various animal groups, e.g. millipedes. Over the vegetation periods 2009 and 2010, we pitfall-trapped millipedes and centipedes (Myriapoda: Diplopoda, Chilopoda on 21 Western German (North Rhine-Westphalian deciduous and coniferous forest as well as fallow-ground sites of increasing age (1–165 yr and determined them to the species and sex. Diplopoda (2009: 1659/2010: 3417 individuals outnumbered the trapped Chilopoda (2009: 37/2010: 111 individuals by far while the general catching results approximately doubled from 2009 to 2010. Indirect gradient analysis (CA revealed that the influence of the habitat type on the formation of diplopod assemblages exceeded the influence of the successional stage. Although no clear trend in individual-count development over time occurred in most species detected, Julus scandinavius (Latzel, 1884 significantly increased in numbers with ageing of the deciduous (beech forests. In conclusion, J. scandinavius may be a suitable bioindicator of deciduous-forest succession. More data are necessary to transfer our results into a mathematical function describing the course of increasing J. scandinavius abundance.

  19. The Orthodox Doctrine of Salvation» by Archimandrite Sergius (Stragorodsky and its criticism by Confessor of the Faith Victor (Ostrovidov and Archbishop Seraphim (Sobolev

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. KHONDSINSKIY

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available «The Orthodox Doctrine of Salvation», a well-known work by Archimandrite Sergius (Stragorodsky that was defended by him as a master’s thesis at the Moscow Theological Academy in 1895, is still considered an etalon in Orthodox theology. Meanwhile, in the first half of the 20th century, it was heavily criticized by at least two prominent members of the Church hierarchy of that time: Confessor of the Faith Victor (Ostrovidov and Archbishop Seraphim (Sobolev. This article does not only examine their arguments, but also provides the researcher’s personal understanding of the main theses of the work by Archimandrite Sergius. The researcher’s work in this case is complicated by a large number of patristic texts, which are given by Archimandrite Sergius and the abundance of which hampers the identification of his own original ideas. Nevertheless, the carried out analysis reveals that the dissertation doesn’t contain not only patristic, but any kind of a clear doctrine of the Fall, or of man’s state after the Fall, or of redemption, or of man’s assimilation of redemption fruits. Besides, the theses illustrated in the dissertation by the texts of the Holy Fathers belong not so much to them as to the first Slavophiles, Archimandrite Anthony (Khrapovitsky, the teacher and the senior friend of Archimandrite Sergius, and finally to Immanuel Kant. Consequently, in his doctrine of freedom anticipating grace, Archimandrite Sergius comes dangerously close to Pelagianism. These findings recognize the truth of complaints against the work of Archimandrite Sergius by Confessor of the Faith Viktor (Ostrovidov and Archbishop Seraphim (Sobolev.

  20. La percepción de diplopoda (Arthropoda, Myriapoda por los habitantes del poblado de Pedra Branca, Santa Teresinha, Bahía, Brasil The perception of diplopoda (Arthropoda, Myriapoda by the inhabitants of the country of Pedra Branca Santa Teresinha, Bahía, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Costa Neto Eraldo M.

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo registra las concepciones, los conocimientos y los comportamientos que los habitantes del poblado de Pedra Branca, en el estado de Bahía, poseen sobre los artrópodos de la clase Diplopoda. Los datos fueron obtenidos desde febrero hasta junio de 2005 a través de entrevistas abiertas y semiestructuradas realizadas con 28 individuos de ambos sexos, con edades que variaron de 13 a 86 años. Se registraron los conocimientos tradicionales relacionados con taxonomía, biología, hábitat, ecología, estacionalidad y comportamiento. Los resultados muestran que los diplópodos son clasificados como “insectos”. La característica de enrollar el cuerpo fue la más comentada, así como el hecho de que la mayoría de los individuos cree que estos animales son ponzoñosos. En general, el conocimiento zoológico tradicional que los pobladores de Pedra Branca tienen acerca de los diplópodos se mostró coherente con el conocimiento académicoThis paper deals with the conceptions, knowledge and attitudes of the inhabitants of the county of Pedra Branca, Bahia State, on the arthropods of the class Diplopoda. Data were collected from February to June 2005 by means of openended interviews carried out with 28 individuals, which ages ranged from 13 to 86 years old. It was recorded some traditional knowledge regarding the following items: taxonomy, biology, habitat, ecology, seasonality, and behavior. Results show that the diplopods are classified as “insects”. The characteristic of coiling the body was the most commented, as well as the fact that these animals are considered as “poisonous”. In general, the traditional zoological knowledge of Pedra Branca’s inhabitants concerning the diplopods is coherent with the academic knowledge.

  1. THE PERCEPTION OF DIPLOPODA (ARTHROPODA, MYRIAPODA BY THE INHABITANTS OF THE COUNTY OF PEDRA BRANCA, SANTA TERESINHA, BAHIA, BRAZIL La percepción de diplopoda (Arthropoda, Myriapoda por los habitantes del poblado de Pedra Branca, Santa Teresinha, Bahía, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ERALDO M COSTA NETO

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper deals with the conceptions, knowledge and attitudes of the inhabitants of the county of Pedra Branca, Bahia State, on the arthropods of the class Diplopoda. Data were collected from February to June 2005 by means of openended interviews carried out with 28 individuals, which ages ranged from 13 to 86 years old. It was recorded some traditional knowledge regarding the following items: taxonomy, biology, habitat, ecology, seasonality, and behavior. Results show that the diplopods are classified as “insects”. The characteristic of coiling the body was the most commented, as well as the fact that these animals are considered as “poisonous”. In general, the traditional zoological knowledge of Pedra Branca’s inhabitants concerning the diplopods is coherent with the academic knowledge.Este artículo registra las concepciones, los conocimientos y los comportamientos que los habitantes del poblado de Pedra Branca, en el estado de Bahía, poseen sobre los artrópodos de la clase Diplopoda. Los datos fueron obtenidos desde febrero hasta junio de 2005 a través de entrevistas abiertas y semiestructuradas realizadas con 28 individuos de ambos sexos, con edades que variaron de 13 a 86 años. Se registraron los conocimientos tradicionales relacionados con taxonomía, biología, hábitat, ecología, estacionalidad y comportamiento. Los resultados muestran que los diplópodos son clasificados como “insectos”. La característica de enrollar el cuerpo fue la más comentada, así como el hecho de que la mayoría de los individuos cree que estos animales son ponzoñosos. En general, el conocimiento zoológico tradicional que los pobladores de Pedra Branca tienen acerca de los diplópodos se mostró coherente con el conocimiento académico.

  2. Christ - the Teacher of Salvation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jacobsen, Anders-Christian

    (325) and Chalcedon (451) issued their Christological doctrines, which were to set the agenda for Christological thinking for many centuries. In many respects Origen’s work paved the way for the decisions made in Nicaea and Chalcedon, yet Origen’s Christology is much more multifaceted than these creeds...

  3. Salvation in the Johannine Epistles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dirk G. van der Merwe

    2004-10-01

    Full Text Available This article attempts to compile a soteriology in the Johannine Epistles. Circumstances and false teachings that might have influenced the theological doctrine and ethical behaviour of the community are constructed. The article argues that aspects which led to the reported schism, determine the structure and content of the soteriology. In the Johannine Epistles the “elder” teaches only basic aspects of soteriology. They are presented from theocentric and christocentric perspectives that are closely interwoven with different themes. The article demonstrates that soteriology is metaphorically presented from the perspective of the conduct of God the Father, reflecting a paternalistic Old Testament image of a household. The elder refers to three of God's characteristics: light (1:5, justice (2:29, and love (4:8. Believers have to direct their lives according to these characteristics once they have been born as children into the family of God and have experienced “eternal life.”

  4. Does Chaplygin gas have salvation?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Campos, Juliano P. [UFRB, Centro de Ciencias Exatas e Tecnologicas, Cruz das Almas, BA (Brazil); Fabris, Julio C.; Perez, Rafael; Piattella, Oliver F. [CCE, UFES, Departamento de Fisica, Vitoria, ES (Brazil); Velten, Hermano [Universitaet Bielefeld, Fakultaet fuer Physik, Postfach 100131, Bielefeld (Germany)

    2013-04-15

    We investigate the unification scenario provided by the generalized Chaplygin gas model (a perfect fluid characterized by an equation of state p=-A/{rho} {sup {alpha}}). Our concerns lie with a possible tension existing between background kinematic tests and those related to the evolution of small perturbations. We analyze data from the observation of the differential age of the universe, type Ia supernovae, baryon acoustic oscillations, and the position of the first peak of the angular spectrum of the cosmic background radiation. We show that these tests favor negative values of the parameter {alpha}: we find {alpha}= - 0.089{sup +0.161}{sub -0.128} at the 2{sigma} level and that {alpha}<0 with 85 % confidence. These would correspond to negative values of the square speed of sound which are unacceptable from the point of view of structure formation. We discuss a possible solution to this problem, when the generalized Chaplygin gas is framed in the modified theory of gravity proposed by Rastall. We show that a fluid description within this theory does not serve the purpose, but it is necessary to frame the generalized Chaplygin gas in a scalar field theory. Finally, we address the standard general relativistic unification picture provided by the generalized Chaplygin gas in the case {alpha}=0: this is usually considered to be undistinguishable from the standard {Lambda}CDM model, but we show that the evolution of small perturbations, governed by the Meszaros equation, is indeed different and the formation of sub-horizon GCG matter halos may be importantly affected in comparison with the {Lambda}CDM scenario. (orig.)

  5. Identification and embryonic expression of Wnt2, Wnt4, Wnt5 and Wnt9 in the millipede Glomeris marginata (Myriapoda: Diplopoda).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Janssen, Ralf; Posnien, Nico

    2014-03-01

    The Wnt genes encode secreted glycoprotein ligands that are key players during animal development. Previous studies revealed the presence of 12 classes of Wnt genes in protostomes, although lineage specific losses of Wnt genes are common. So far, the gene expression profile of only two complete sets of arthropod Wnt genes has been studied; these are the Wnt genes of the fly Drosophila melanogaster and the beetle Tribolium castaneum. Insects, however, do not represent good models for the understanding of Wnt gene evolution because several Wnt genes have been lost in the lineage leading to the insects, or within the different orders of insects. Comparative gene expression data from non-insect arthropods are rare and restricted to a subset of Wnt genes. This study aims to fill this gap and describes four newly detected Wnt genes from the millipede Glomeris marginata (Myriapoda: Diplopoda). Together with previous studies, now 11 Glomeris Wnt genes have been isolated and their expression has been studied. The only predicted but hitherto undetected Wnt gene is Wnt10. The new data provide a platform for the comparison of Wnt gene expression patterns in arthropods and reveal conserved as well as diverged aspects of Wnt gene expression in Arthropoda. Prominent expression of Wnt4 in dorsal tissue implies a role in dorsal segmentation and suggests that Wnt4 may be the predicted substitute for the previously reported missing expression of wg/Wnt1 in dorsal tissue. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  6. A biopolítica na genealogia da psicanálise: da salvação à cura Biopolitics in the genealogy of psychoanalysis: from salvation to cure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joel Birman

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available A intenção inicial deste ensaio, inscrito no campo da história das ciências, é circunscrever a passagem histórica do ideal da salvação para o da cura no Ocidente, indicando os efeitos do processo de medicalização do social realizado pela biopolítica. Em seguida, delineiam-se os diversos desdobramentos da biopolítica nos primórdios do discurso da psicanálise.The initial aim of this essay is to sketch out the historical passage from the ideal of salvation to the ideal of cure in the West, indicating the effects of the process of medicalization of society attained through biopolitics. In second place, it is intended to describe the different ramifications of biopolitics in the origins of psychoanalysis discourse.

  7. Pigmentação exógena em pododáctilos simulando isquemia de extremidades: um desafio diagnóstico provocado por artrópodos da classe Diplopoda ("piolhos-de-cobra" Exogenous pigmentation in toes feigning ischemia of the extremities: a diagnostic challenge brought by arthropods of the Diplopoda Class ("millipedes"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Alberto Jatobá Lima

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Um paciente de 24 anos relatou ter pisado em um "piolho de cobra". Ao ser examinado, este apresentava máculas eritêmato-cianóticas, nos três primeiros pododáctilos do pé direito, com queixas de dor local e parestesias, com fluxos arteriais palpáveis. Os diplopodas são artrópodos cilíndricos segmentados que assumem posição enrodilhada - quando ameaçados - liberam quinonas e outros agentes irritativos e pigmentantes. A coloração de aspecto cianótico lembra sofrimento tissular isquêmico, o que pode confundir profissionais em atendimentos de Emergência, quando a história não apresenta clareza e coerência.A 24 year-old patient reported having stepped on a millipede. When examined the patient presented cyanotic and erythematous macules on the first three toes of his right foot, and also complained of local pain and paresthesia, with palpable arterial flows. Millipedes are cylindrical segmented arthropods that when threatened form into curls and release quinones and other irritant and pigmentary substances. The cyanotic color reminds ischaemic tissular distress fact that may confuse professionals in Emergency Rooms when the clinical report is unclear.

  8. The paths of salvation and eternal condemnation: The presence of the allegory in the History of the Elected Pilgrim and his Brother Precito (1682, de Alexandre de Gusmão

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Adriano Filho

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The repercussions of the echoes of the Council of Trent (1546-1563, the Counter Reform movement, and the repercussions they had on the artistic production in the Catholic world. The pedagogical-didactic intents behind its composition are grounded on the belief that art could be an effective tool for reconverting of the faithful and for indoctrination in the values of the Catholic faith. Considering that, this paper aims at presenting the way allegory became an important tool for the interpretation and construction of religious discourse, as we can see in the History of the Elected Pilgrim and his Brother Precito. The book is an allegorical narrative that presents the history of two pilgrim brothers born in Egypt from where they set out with the intention of making a fortune (one brother goes to Jerusalem, and the  other one goes to Babylon. In this way, the book presents continuity with the medieval pattern that highlights the journey, especially the path for salvation. The readiness of allegory to transmit abstract concepts through concrete visualizations allied to a form of indirect expression made it a powerful, didactic, apologetic, and entertaining tool for that time.

  9. Two Flat-Backed Polydesmidan Millipedes from the Miocene Chiapas-Amber Lagerstätte, Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Riquelme, Francisco; Hernández-Patricio, Miguel; Martínez-Dávalos, Arnulfo; Rodríguez-Villafuerte, Mercedes; Montejo-Cruz, Maira; Alvarado-Ortega, Jesús; Ruvalcaba-Sil, José L.; Zúñiga-Mijangos, Luis

    2014-01-01

    Two species of fossil polydesmidan millipedes (Diplopoda: Polydesmida) embedded in amber are described from Miocene strata near Simojovel, in the Chiapas Highlands, Mexico. Maatidesmus paachtun gen. et sp. nov., placed into Chelodesmidae Cook, 1895, and Anbarrhacus adamantis gen. et sp. nov., assigned in the family Platyrhacidae Pocock, 1895. Morphological data from fossil specimens have been recovered using 3D X-ray micro-computed tomography and regular to infrared-reflected microscopy. Both fossil species are recognizable as new primarily but not exclusively, by collum margin modification and remarkable paranotal and metatergite dorsal sculpture. PMID:25162220

  10. Sierra Nevada (Granada, Spain): a high-altitude biogeographical crossroads for millipedes (Diplopoda), with first data on its MSS fauna and description of a new species of the genus Ceratosphys Ribaut, 1920 (Chordeumatida: Opisthocheiridae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gilgado, José D; Enghoff, Henrik; Tinaut, Alberto; Mauriès, Jean-Paul; Ortuño, Vicente M

    2015-11-19

    Millipedes (Diplopoda), with a few notable exceptions, are poor dispersers, showing a very high degree of endemicity, not the least in mountains. The first samplings of the Mesovoid Shallow Substratum (MSS) of the higher altitudes of the Sierra Nevada Mountains (Baetic System, Southern Spain) have led to the discovery of a high number of millipedes, each of the species present showing a different degree of establishment in this subterranean environment. An update of the knowledge on the millipedes of this region, the first data of the millipede communities in the MSS and the description of Ceratosphys cryodeserti Gilgado, Mauriès & Enghoff n. sp. are here provided, as well as the first data on the humidity and temperature fluctuations in the MSS of this high mountain. The new species is similar to other Baetico-Riffan species, while the only previously known congener from the region, C. soutadei Mauriès, 1969, has more similarities to certain Pyrenean species. Biogeographical relationships of all the captured species are also discussed.

  11. MERCY, LOVE AND SALVATION IN ORTHODOX SPIRITUALITY

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    extension of its example, to the state of grace in which differences merge in a crucible of faith in immortality. Perfect equality of all people, meaning the Kingdom of God on earth, will happen only when the (sour)dough of love for people, that currently works in a limited number of people, will include the entire humanity in its ...

  12. Salvation in Heaven? | Nagasawa | Philosophical Papers

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The aim of this paper is to examine the difficulties that belief in a paradisiacal afterlife creates for orthodox theists. In particular, we consider the difficulties that arise when one asks whether there is freedom in Heaven, i.e., whether the denizens of Heaven have libertarian freedom of action. Our main contention is that this ...

  13. The beautiful infant and Israel's salvation

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2010-07-15

    Jul 15, 2010 ... Amram is visited in a dream to receive the revelation of what God intends the yet unborn son to do in order to .... according to whom bwj refers not to the infant's proper name but to his prophetic aptitude. The parents saw that he was 'good' for prophecy, so they saved him to become the greatest of Israel's ...

  14. EDUCATION FOR SALVATION: PLATO'S CONCEPTION OF THE ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    9. R. Cushman, Therapeia: Plat.o's Conception of. Philosophy, Chapel Hill N. Carolina, 1958 p.46. 10. Gorgia 477, Laws 888b, Sophistes 227d-228e. 11. There exists a wide variety of opinions concerning the sources of evil in the Platonic thought. see H. Chemiss,. "The Source of Evil According to Plato" in G. Vlastos (ed),.

  15. Reducing Anxiety: Studio Strategies for Performing Salvation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Riley, Jessica M.

    2012-01-01

    This article offers a brief overview of the causes and manifestations of performance anxiety and suggests methods for professors to combat it in the studio setting. The topics of mentoring, physical and mental relaxation, dietary health, and imaging are explored. Primary source material is referred to throughout the article, so readers can easily…

  16. SALVATION ACCORDING TO THE HEIDELBERG CATECHISM

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    pious language, did not fit the era that he was experiencing or the age to come. He was struggling with how to talk Christ and Christianity in a religion less age, as he not only experienced his own context to be but also the age to come. He was deeply ... realising of the kingdom of God on earth. This paper is motivated by a ...

  17. Taxonomic review of the genus Atlantodesmus Hoffman, 2000 (Polydesmida: Chelodesmidae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bouzan, Rodrigo Salvador; Pena-Barbosa, João Paulo P; Brescovit, Antonio Domingos

    2017-02-22

    The chelodesmid genus Atlantodesmus Hoffman, 2000 is revised and considered a senior synonym of Iemanja Hoffman, 2000. Currently the genus contains five species, all of them are herein redescribed: Atlantodesmus eimeri (Attems, 1898), Atlantodesmus itapurensis (Schubart, 1943), Atlantodesmus pickeli (Schubart, 1946), Atlantodesmus pintoi (Schubart, 1946), and the transferred species from Iemanja, Atlantodesmus teresa (Hoffman, 2000), new combination. The female of Atlantodesmus teresa is described for the first time. Examination of the type material of Leptodesmus buecherli Schubart, 1955 revealed that this species is a junior synonym of A. itapurensis. A key to males and a distribution map of all species are included.

  18. CHECKLIST OF THE MILLIPEDES (DIPLOPODA) OF TANZANIA

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Region, Usambara Mts (Enghoff, 1977a). Other records: SOMALIA, KENYA, MOZAMBIQUE (Enghoff, 2011). New material: numerous samples, mostly from the Pwani Region of Tanzania (VMNH); several specimens, Pwani Region, Rufiji Distr., Mafia Island, Kilindoni Forest, 7°55'S,. 39°44'E, xi.1990, Frontier Tanzania leg.

  19. Modified mouthparts in hydrophilous cave millipedes (Diplopoda)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Enghoff, Henrik

    1985-01-01

    In several unrelated cave-dwelling millipedes from southern Europe and the Caucasus, the mouthparts are convergently modified: The biting/masticating parts of the mandibles are reduced, whereas the pectinate lamellae are hypertrophied; the medial labral teeth are often reduced, and the

  20. Subterranean millipedes (Diplopoda) of the Iberian Peninsula

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Reboleira, Ana Sofia; Enghoff, Henrik

    2017-01-01

    species of troglobiont millipedes are known from the Iberian Peninsula, although only 68 have been described so far. Most of this diversity occurs in Spain, while only seven species are known from Portugal, two endemic to Gibraltar, and three in the Balearic archipelago. We compiled all of the literature...

  1. Millipedes (Diplopoda) from caves of Portugal

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    P. S. Reboleira, Ana Sofia; Enghoff, Henrik

    2014-01-01

    Millipedes play an important role in the decomposition of organic matter in the subterranean environment. Despite the existence of several cave-adapted species of millipedes in adjacent geographic areas, their study has been largely ignored in Portugal. Over the last decade, intense fieldwork...... in caves of the mainland and the island of Madeira has provided new data about the distribution and diversity of millipedes. A review of millipedes from caves of Portugal is presented, listing fourteen species belonging to eight families, among which six species are considered troglobionts....... The distribution of millipedes in caves of Portugal is discussed and compared with the troglobiont biodiversity in the overall Iberian Peninsula and the Macaronesian archipelagos....

  2. CHECKLIST OF THE MILLIPEDES (DIPLOPODA) OF TANZANIA

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    work at Tendaguru, the famous dinosaur site, in Lindi Region, but also collected millipedes and made a substantial entomological collection (Maier, 2003). Hoffman (2005) recorded that. Dr. Obst in 1911 collected specimens. British Colonial Period (1919–1961). A British administration was present in Tanganyika after WWI, ...

  3. Patterns of millipede (Diplopoda), centipede (Chilopoda) and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Five habitat types (white sand bushveld, brown sand bushveld, general mixed bushveld, rocky outcrops and mopane woodland) within the Greater Makalali Conservancy, Limpopo Province, South Africa, were studied using four successful sampling methods (active searching of two types of quadrats, pitfall traps and drive ...

  4. A Failing Mission in Afghanistan: Salvation is Possible

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-13

    situation and resulted on hasty planning. The rapid fall of the Taliban coupled with limited and shifting political objectives put the mission in a...Contents TABLE OF CONTENTS PREFACE INTRODUCTION HISTORICAL AND POLITICAL CONTEXT MILITARY STRATEGY SOCIO-ECONOMIC STRATEGY STRATEGIC...remercier rna tendre epouse sans qui je n’aurais jamais termine ce projet. Ta patience envers moi meme lorsque je me suis desiste de certaines taches et

  5. The Hinge of Salvation: Body, Liturgy, and Bioethics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John Christopher Sikorski

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Dominant trends within the philosophical debate over personhood and identity tend to discount the significance and meaning of the human body and often slip into dualistic conceptions. I will argue that a Catholic theology of the body challenges many of the prevalent understandings in bioethics today. Such a notion takes Christ’s Incarnation as its foundation and seeks to develop an account of the human body in the context of the call to communion imprinted on humanity as made in the image of the Trinitarian communion of love. Such a conception counteracts forms of utilitarian or technological reductionism of the person. While Catholic bioethicists will need to consider how such an account will have practical applicability to cases, the call to communion ought to be fostered through the liturgical life of the Church, which enables Catholic bioethicists to develop a liturgical worldview that guards against devaluations of the dignity of the human person.

  6. The relation between creation and salvation in the Trinitarian ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2013-02-07

    Feb 7, 2013 ... We will play with star clusters and black holes with God in sheer enjoyment. This understanding of creation's true teleology and place in God brings a moral perspective to our current relation to creation. Jenson (1999) says that when we acknowledge our place in God, we may perceive a better way: we may ...

  7. On history and salvation in Emmanuel Levinas and Ernst Bloch

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    p1243322

    clearly noticeable in what Bloch claims with respect to Goethe. “Goethe … imagined not only the cosmic survival of his essence but precisely also immortality in his work which had become historical and which would remain behind as historical” (PH 1163, italics added). Bloch's texts, however, provides also for the possibility ...

  8. The beautiful infant and Israel's salvation | Loader | HTS Teologiese ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The PDF file you selected should load here if your Web browser has a PDF reader plug-in installed (for example, a recent version of Adobe Acrobat Reader). If you would like more information about how to print, save, and work with PDFs, Highwire Press provides a helpful Frequently Asked Questions about PDFs.

  9. The beautiful infant and Israel's salvation | Loader | HTS Teologiese ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The motif from the Exodus story of Moses as a beautiful infant is considered on several levels. Firstly, the immediate context of Exodus 2 in the Hebrew Bible and in the Septuagint is investigated. Exodus 2 is then related to the reception of the tradition in the New Testament and Jewish sources as well as in a patristic reading ...

  10. The beautiful infant and Israel’s salvation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    James A. Loader

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available The motif from the Exodus story of Moses as a beautiful infant is considered on several levels. Firstly, the immediate context of Exodus 2 in the Hebrew Bible and in the Septuagint is investigated. Exodus 2 is then related to the reception of the tradition in the New Testament and Jewish sources as well as in a patristic reading and one from the Reformation. The article concludes that the motif of Moses’ beauty is part of a relatively infrequent but nevertheless well-established constellation. It is submitted that this finding contributes to a reappraisal of the idea that the motif of beauty has no place in Israel’s texts of deliverance and an investigation of the contrary hypothesis is called for.

  11. Salvation according to the Heidelberg Catechism | Joubert | Acta ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... Baptist and Orthodox tradition. The dialogue continues with the work of Ellen Charry that reminds us of the formative role that theology had in the works of the Early Church fathers and asks what the content and role of catechism are today and if we can still use this document fruitfully in our formation of young people.

  12. On history and salvation in Emmanuel Levinas and Ernst Bloch

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    p1243322

    introduces a future which is novel and that cannot be captured in, or reduced to, an all-encompassing synthesis. ... each other in time, and each instant has a novel quality, such that discontinuity is allowed for within ... remain a subject in which every adventure would revert into the adventure of a fate”.22. Let us now look in ...

  13. From Liberation to Salvation: Revolutionary Critical Pedagogy Meets Liberation Theology

    Science.gov (United States)

    McLaren, Peter; Jandric, Petar

    2017-01-01

    This conversation between Peter McLaren and Petar Jandric brings about some of the most recent and deepest of McLaren's insights into the relationship between revolutionary critical pedagogy and liberation theology, and outlines the main directions of development of McLaren's thought during and after "Pedagogy of Insurrection." In the…

  14. Gestire il denaro, gestire la salvezza. Tre immagini a sostegno del Monte di Pietà: Marco da Montegallo, Lorenzo d’Alessandro e Vittore Crivelli / Managing money, managing salvation. Three images in support of the Mont of Piety: Marco da Montegallo, Lorenzo d’Alessandro and Vittore Crivelli

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giuseppe Capriotti

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available I francescani dell’Osservanza, attraverso le prediche sulla mercatura, sull’usura e sulla carità, promuovono un tipo d’economia, strettamente connessa al mercato e all’affidabilità imprenditoriale del mercante, il quale deve essere in grado di far circolare fruttuosamente il denaro e poi di investire parte dei suoi introiti in opere caritatevoli o di pubblica utilità, in funzione della sua salvezza. Non di rado tali investimenti si concretizzano nella commissione di immagini, spesso esposte proprio in chiese francescane, o nel sostentamento del Monte di Pietà, un’istituzione bancaria, inventata e difesa dagli osservanti, che, spesso in rivalità col banco ebraico, prestava denaro su pegno. La promozione e la legittimazione di questo istituto, che sin dalla sua nascita genera numerose dispute, anche interne allo stesso ordine francescano, soprattutto per quel che riguarda la liceità o meno dell’interesse, è affidata non solo alle prediche, ma anche alle opere d’arte. Nella Marca appenninica di fine Quattrocento sono state prodotte a tale scopo almeno tre immagini. Simili nel contenuto e nella tipologia, la Figura della vita eterna, ideata dal predicatore osservante Marco da Montegallo, la Madonna del Monte di Caldarola, dipinta dal sanseverinate Lorenzo d’Alessandro, e l’omologa Madonna del Monte di Massa Fermana, realizzata da Vittore Crivelli, si illuminano e si chiariscono a vicenda. The Franciscans of the Osservanza order, through their sermons on commerce, usuryand charity, promote a type of economy, that is closely related to the business market andto the reliability of the merchant, who must be able to make money circulate fruitfully and then to invest part of his benefits on good deeds or public works, to have salvation.These investments are often used in the commission of images, often exposed in Franciscan churches, or in support of the Mont of Piety, a bank, developed and defended by the Osservanti, that, often

  15. New records for millipedes from southern Chile (Polydesmida: Dalodesmidae; Polyzoniida: Siphonotidae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mesibov, Robert Evan

    2017-01-01

    Millipedes from 1983 collections by the author in southern Chile have been identified and registered as specimen lots at the Queen Victoria Museum and Art Gallery (QVMAG) in Launceston, Tasmania. Collection and specimen data from the new QVMAG specimen lots have been archived in Darwin Core format together with a KML file of occurrences. The 31 occurrence records in the Darwin Core Archive list 13 millipede taxa from 16 sites in Llanquihue and Osorno provinces, Chile.

  16. DIPLOPODS FROM SĂLAJ COUNTY, ROMANIA (MYRIAPODA, DIPLOPODA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dorottya Angya

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Here we present data of 16 diplopod taxa from Sălaj county, Romania. The species list can not be regarded as complete since a systematic diplopod-summary of whole Romania is still lacking, but anyway it represents almost 10% of the presently known diplopod fauna of the country. The most widespread species were Polydesmus complanatus (Linnaeus, 1761 and Megaphyllum unilineautum (C. L. Koch, 1838. All the identified species and subspecies are already known from Romania.

  17. Ueber die bildung von lymphzellen bei rhinocricus padbergii (Diplopoda

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rudolf Barth

    1968-01-01

    Full Text Available In den aktiven Amoebozyten der Haemolymphe des Diplopoden Rhinocricus padbergii finden sich keine Mitosen oder andere Anzeichen von Zellvermehrung. In Haeutungsstadien findet sich im hinteren Winkel der Doppelsegmente eine Hypodermiszone, von deren Zellen einige amitotisch junge Amoebozyten hervorbringen. Nach der amitotischen Teilung bildet der distale Tochterkern den zukuenftigen Hypodermiszellkern; der proximale teilt sich nochmals amitotisch beide produkte dieses Vorganges umgeben sich mit einem Teil des Protoplasmakoerpers und verlassen, die Basalmembran durchbrechend, das Epithel. Sie bilden neue Amoebozyten. Waehrend alle Organe durch eine Bindegewebsmembran gegen die Haemolymphe abgegrenzt sind, findet sich in dem Raum hinter der Intersegmentalmembran der Segmente keine solche Membran. Diese fasert sich unmittelbar hinter der Intersegmentalmembran schichtenweise auf und bildet eine gitterfoermige Sperre, so dass keine aelteren phagozytierenden Amoebozyten in den hinteren Raum der Segmente gelangen. Durch Muskelkontraktion kann der Raum verkleinert werden, wodurch die jungen Amoebozyten in die Hauptleibeshoehle transportiert werden. Es wird vermutet, dass die Bindegewebsmembran im Sinne von Hoyle (1952 und Twarog und Roeder (1956 die Organe vor ploetzlichen Veraenderungen der Jonenkonzentration und des osmotischen Wertes der Haemolymphe schuetzt; die amoebozytogene Hypodermis ist aus diesem System ausgeschlossen, so dass die jungen Amoebozyten die erwaehnten Schwankungen in der Zusammensetzung der Haemolymphe begleiten koennen.

  18. Die Vulven der Chordeumatida: Merkmale von Taxonomischer Bedeutung (Diplopoda; Helminthomorpha)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kurnik, Ingrid; Thaler, Konrad

    1985-01-01

    A first survey covering 18 species from the eastern Alps (7 Craspedosomatidae, 2 Neoatractosomatidae, 4 Attemsiidae, 1 Mastigophorophyllidae, 2 Chordeumatidae, 2 Haaseidae) shows, that identification of chordeumatid females, difficult especially in a diverse fauna from peripheral characters alone,

  19. Annotated checklist of millipedes (Myriapoda: Diplopoda) of Sri Lanka.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zoysa, H K S De; Nguyen, Anh D; Wickramasinghe, S

    2016-01-11

    This review lists the currently known species of millepedes in Sri Lanka and discusses their current taxonomic status and distribution based on previous studies from 1865 to date. A total of 104 millipede species belonging to 44 genera, 18 families and nine orders have been recorded in Sri Lanka. Of these, 82 are known only from Sri Lanka; additionally, nine genera and one family are known only from Sri Lanka. Most of the millipede species have been recorded from two localities, namely Pundaluoya and Kandy in the central highlands of Sri Lanka. Current knowledge on the taxonomy, evolutionary relationships, distribution and conservation of the millipedes of Sri Lanka is still limited and scattered. Thus we suggest more intensive surveys to acquire comprehensive data on the millipedes of Sri Lanka.

  20. Hibernating Myriapoda in compost in Tampere (Finland) (Diplopoda; Chilopoda; Symphyla)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rantala, Maija

    1985-01-01

    Seven myriapod species are recorded from 20 l samples taken from the upper and lower layers of two compost heaps of different ages in October and November, 1983, and February and April, 1984. The animals were extracted from the samples by hand. Data are given about the abundance of the species, sex

  1. “Open access” growth histories in millipedes (Diplopoda)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Enghoff, Henrik; Jensen, L. M.; Mikhaljova, E. V.

    2018-01-01

    A unique pattern of missing defence glands on certain body rings is described for two species of the millipede family Mongoliulidae, order Julida: Ussuriiulus pilifer Golovatch, 1980, and Koiulus interruptus Enghoff et al., 2017. Based on the patterns of missing glands observed in recently collec...

  2. The ultrastructure of the midgut epithelium in millipedes (Myriapoda, Diplopoda).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sosinka, A; Rost-Roszkowska, M M; Vilimova, J; Tajovský, K; Kszuk-Jendrysik, M; Chajec, Ł; Sonakowska, L; Kamińska, K; Hyra, M; Poprawa, I

    2014-09-01

    The midgut epithelia of the millipedes Polyxenus lagurus, Archispirostreptus gigas and Julus scandinavius were analyzed under light and transmission electron microscopies. In order to detect the proliferation of regenerative cells, labeling with BrdU and antibodies against phosphohistone H3 were employed. A tube-shaped midgut of three millipedes examined spreads along the entire length of the middle region of the body. The epithelium is composed of digestive, secretory and regenerative cells. The digestive cells are responsible for the accumulation of metals and the reserve material as well as the synthesis of substances, which are then secreted into the midgut lumen. The secretions are of three types - merocrine, apocrine and microapocrine. The oval or pear-like shaped secretory cells do not come into contact with the midgut lumen and represent the closed type of secretory cells. They possess many electron-dense granules (J. scandinavius) or electron-dense granules and electron-lucent vesicles (A. gigas, P. lagurus), which are accompanied by cisterns of the rough endoplasmic reticulum. The regenerative cells are distributed individually among the basal regions of the digestive cells. The proliferation and differentiation of regenerative cells into the digestive cells occurred in J. scandinavius and A. gigas, while these processes were not observed in P. lagurus. As a result of the mitotic division of regenerative cells, one of the newly formed cells fulfills the role of a regenerative cell, while the second one differentiates into a digestive cell. We concluded that regenerative cells play the role of unipotent midgut stem cells. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  3. "Salvation Armany": Gay sensibility between high fashion and everyday dressing practices

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ildiko Erdei

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The paper considers the link between gay people and the fashion world, their role and and relationship to clothing in different fashion registries, as pointed out by Jennifer Craik, in high and in everyday fashion. Based on secondary literature the paper will outline current problematizations of the relationship between gays and high fashion, as well as their importance for the history of high, elite, designer fashion. In the second part of the paper, based on empirical research on the behavior of gay people in Belgrade fashion-wise, the discourses and practices of everyday fashion within the gay population of the capital of Serbia are presented, with a focus on three aspects of dressing practices: consumption of fashionable clothing and accessories with a focus on shopping, evaluation and hierarchization of branded clothing and the skill of combining them which respondents believe represents the key to their unique styles.

  4. Mercy, Love and Salvation in Orthodox Spirituality | Dumitraşcu ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    It is a form of love which is not wasted in temporary and sentimental effusions, but actualised in concrete deeds, with the ultimate example supplied by Christ. Mercy also functions as a medicine against social inequality, serving to suppress the kinds of injustices present in every political system, as well as social solidarity.

  5. Salvation and Creation. On the role of Forgiveness in the Completion of Paul Ricoeur's Philosophy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tongeren, P.J.M. van

    2014-01-01

    In the general introduction to the first part of his Philosophie de la Volonté, Le volontaire et l’involontaire ([1950] 1966) Paul Ricoeur writes that the phenomenological or ‘pure description […] of the Voluntary and the Involuntary’ is ‘constituted by bracketing’ two things: first the fault, which

  6. X-rays - salvation or doom. Heil oder Unheil durch Roentgenstrahlen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stolzenberg, G.

    1961-01-01

    The author, one of the first 'radiation opponents', discusses the pros and cons of serial X-rays as demanded by law in the Federal Republic of Germany and the additional population exposure involved.

  7. The Salvation of Educational Administration: Better Science or Alternatives to Science?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gronn, Peter; Ribbins, Peter

    1993-01-01

    Evers and Lakomski's treatment of the late Thomas Greenfield's subjectivism in their book "Knowing Educational Administration" (1991) is unsatisfactory. Searching for a "better" administrative science, these authors neglect three aspects of Greenfield's work: the primacy accorded to values, the moral order embodied in…

  8. Mercy, Love and Salvation in Orthodox Spirituality | Dumitraşcu ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Acta Theologica. Journal Home · ABOUT · Advanced Search · Current Issue · Archives · Journal Home > Vol 32, No 2 (2012) >. Log in or Register to get access to full text downloads. Username, Password, Remember me, or Register · Download this PDF file. The PDF file you selected should load here if your Web browser ...

  9. Patients beyond salvation? Various categories of trauma patients with a minimal Glasgow Coma Score

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nijboer, Johanna M. M.; van der Naalt, Joukje; ten Duis, Hendrik-Jan

    Introduction: Trauma patients in an unresponsive state upon presentation to the Emergency Department have a poor prognosis. Rapid assessment of injuries combined with life-preserving therapy is required but de. ning the optimal strategy can be complicated when multiple organ systems are involved.

  10. Islamic Resurgence in Algeria: The Rise of the Islamic Salvation Front

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-05-01

    Mascara 47 36 8 3 FIS Ouargla 21 4 17 FIJ Oran 26 24 1 1 FIB E1-Bayedh 22 2 14 6 PLY Ilizzi 6 6 FLN Arrerridj 34 15 17 1 1 FIS Boumerdes 38 36 2 PIS El-Tarf...505932 3.40 28 M’sila 38.2 604693 3.75 29 Mascara 38.4 566901 3.31 30 Ouargla 60.3 284454 3.68 31 Oran 86.5 932473 3.00 32 E1-Bayadh 40.8 153254 2.90 33...Boumerdes 650975 FIS 21 Skikda 622510 FIS 42 Tipaza 620151 FIS 28 M’sila 604693 FIS 14 Tiaret 575794 FIS 29 Mascara 566901 FIS 48 Relizane 544877 FIS 44 Ain

  11. Of Tree Planting, Salvation and Urbanization : The Role of Evangelical Movements in Adaptive Capacity. Kigali, Rwanda.

    OpenAIRE

    Sundqvist, Johan

    2011-01-01

    Evangelical churches are growing rapidly in Sub-Sahara Africa, in sheer numbers as well asin societal importance. At the same time urbanization and its associated negativeenvironmental and social consequences are putting pressure on many urban social-ecologicalsystems in the global south. The question that this paper raises is how the growing religioussocial movements frame these change processes and their role in them? With its rapidurbanization and high church involvement in civil society K...

  12. Performance, humor, discourse of salvation and eternal return in the novel Miss Lonelyhearts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Evaldo Gondim dos Santos

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available This article aims at analyzing the relationship between fiction and salvific discourse in the novel Miss Lonelyhearts (1933, by Nathanael West, understanding this problematic narrative as a liberating performance of the humor classified as black, from which dogmatic contents are dissociated, with a shift beyond the psychological dimension and religious representations that contents take into account. To do so, we carried out our reading by making use of the myth of Dionysus that allows us to articulate the vertiginous logics that takes place in West’s text, leading it to the nonsense that contaminates the religious discourse and deposes it from the sovereign power in this fictional world. Furthermore, our study is grounded on Deleuze’s recreation of Nietzsche’s eternal return. We also resort to the philosophy of religion to understand Nietzsche’s criticism of Christianity and its relation to the myth of Dionysus and eternal return in the analyzed work. The analysis made of such novel points to the insertion of irony and humor in the novel as a constant literary element that causes discursive heterogeneity, pointing the ambivalences and inconsistencies of Christianity conveyed by media in the discourse of messianic metanarrative.

  13. Sociology in Times of Crisis: Chen Da, National Salvation and the Indigenization of Knowledge

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Maria Candela

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Chen Da was one of the foremost sociologists of China from the 1920s to the 1940s. His intellectual habitus took shape from the long crisis that defined Chinese intellectual life from the mid-19th to mid-20th centuries, a period of continuous imperial assault on Chinese sovereignty. As China integrated into the capitalist world-system, neo-Confucian structures of knowledge came into question. Intellectuals took up sociology to guide China’s transition from an empire to a nation-state. Through his studies on labor, migration, and population, Chen Da contributed to the institutionalization of sociology in China. Chen sought to craft a theory of Chinese development that followed universal trajectories of progress but was also attuned to the complexity of Chinese society on the ground. Through his efforts to indigenize sociology, Chen developed a non-Marxist historical materialism, a deterritorialized and pluralistic conceptualization of China as a nation, and a theory of eugenic transformation centered on the concept of “mode of living.” The questions which Chen Da confronted are emblematic of the predicament faced by Chinese social scientists today, who again struggle with the dynamics of a deterritorialzied “Greater China,” rising social fragmentation, and refigured eugenic discourses and policies that aim to craft the Chinese people into ideal national subjects fit for post-socialist development.

  14. Salvation of a severely resorbed mandibular ridge with a neutral zone technique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kanhaiya L Gupta

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The objective of any prosthodontic service is to restore the patient to normal function, contour, esthetics, speech, and health. An optimum denture stability is difficult to achieve in conventional complete dentures. This problem is more magnified in mandibular dentures. The design of prostheses to replace lost teeth and resorbed ridges is largely determined by the position and amount of morphological change in the denture-bearing area of the jaws. A neutral zone may be defined as the space where, during function, the forces of the lips and cheeks pressing inward neutralize the forces of the tongue pressing outward. The neutral zone concept implies acquired muscle control, especially by tongue, lips, and cheeks toward the denture stability. Advocates of the neutral zone concept agree that a lack of favorable leverage is observed when teeth are positioned directly over the ridge. By employing the neutral zone concept, the dislodging muscle energy can easily become a retentive and stabilizing force.

  15. Identity-Forming Theological Education: The Practice of Confession in the Formation of Salvation Army Officers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grey, Terry

    2014-01-01

    Preparing future Christian leaders to take their place in the Church is not only about ensuring they have the capacities (intellectual, pastoral, strategic leadership, public performance, etc.), but that they become significant carriers of the traditions, beliefs, and practices that define a particular community of faith. Learning to become a…

  16. Literature and Salvation in Elizabeth Costello Or How to Refuse to ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    What is an author? “The function of an author,” Michel Foucault famously pronounced in 1969, “is to characterize the existence, circulation, and operation of certain discourses within a society” (124). Foucault provides a template for inquiry into a certain period of literature, the age of the idealistic author.2 To understand that ...

  17. Judas Iscariot: The Archetypal Betrayer and DeMille’s Cine-Biblical Salvation within The King of Kings (1927

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anton Karl Kozlovic

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available Cecil B. DeMille, the legendary cofounder of Hollywood, progenitor of Paramount studio, and unsung Christian auteur was a master of the American biblical epic whose indelible classics became the template for numerous ancient epics thereafter. Utilising humanist film criticism as the guiding analytical lens, the critical DeMille, film and religion literature was selectively reviewed and his silent Jesus film, The King of Kings (1927 was closely examined to reveal his dramatic construction of Judas Iscariot, which was briefly compared to some cinematic rivals to highlight its frequent superiority. Often unappreciated was DeMille’s harmonisation of the conflicting hanging versus disembowelment accounts of Judas’ demise. It was concluded that DeMille was a defter biblical filmmaker than has been hitherto appreciated. Further research into DeMille studies, Hollywood epics, and the emerging interdisciplinary field of religion-and-film is recommended, warranted, and already long overdue.

  18. Judas Iscariot: The Archetypal Betrayer and DeMille’s Cine-Biblical Salvation within The King of Kings (1927)

    OpenAIRE

    Anton Karl Kozlovic

    2008-01-01

    Cecil B. DeMille, the legendary cofounder of Hollywood, progenitor of Paramount studio, and unsung Christian auteur was a master of the American biblical epic whose indelible classics became the template for numerous ancient epics thereafter. Utilising humanist film criticism as the guiding analytical lens, the critical DeMille, film and religion literature was selectively reviewed and his silent Jesus film, The King of Kings (1927) was closely examined to reveal his dramatic construction of ...

  19. Prayers for the salvation of the soul. Obituary in stone in Sant Pau del Camp monastery in Barcelona

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javier de Santiago Fernández

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines some inscriptions preserved in the monastery of Sant Pau del Camp, in Barcelona, in order to determine their functionality and find out who were their moral authors. We try to answer the questions of who and why. This collection of epigraphs is peculiar in Spanish medieval epigraphy; it cannot be assimilated exactly to epitaphia necrologica, because those in Sant Pau del Camp specially emphasize the foundation of anniversaries, that guarantee perpetual prayer for the deceased’s soul. Consequently, we have conceptualized some of these inscriptions as fundationes of anniversary. This tradition is not habitual in other areas of the Iberian Peninsula, except Catalonia. Also, we can find similar inscriptions in the south of France. We also analyze the relationship of these epigraphs with obituaries and testamentary dispositions.

  20. Resurrection of glyphosate resistant palmer amaranth control in conservation tillage dicamba tolerant cotton; soil health salvation using herbicide technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Conservation agriculture hecterage in the mid-south and southeastern US has decreased because of herbicide resistant and other hard to control weeds. Producers have increasingly utilized tillage, the majority either using a moldboard plow to deeply bury weed seed and decrease emergence, or ‘vertica...

  1. Space and Salvation in Colette's Chéri and La Fin de Chéri

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ann Leone Philbrick

    1984-01-01

    Full Text Available Colette's critics often seem to dismiss all but her autobiographical creatures as whimsical and inarticulate. Her characters are frequently less eloquent than the spaces they create and inhabit; this observation offers an approach to Chéri and La Fin de Chéri that invites us to read them as two of Colette's most ambitious and authentic works. Here are stories of compromises with the containers of one's life and identity: streets, salons, boudoirs, and, ultimately, the body. Indeed, the self and its containers function symbiotically. Chéri makes no effort to direct this relationship, and kills himself when the world finally seems inscrutable and formless; his older mistress, Léa, responds joyfully—or with melancholic respect—to the surfaces and limits of her world. We are left with a harsher insight into Colette's vision than we are accustomed to. She suggests that survival lies not in the endless definition of one's place in the world, but in its recognition and a loving, even fearing, homage.

  2. Is self-publishing a salvation for authors? The case of Lithuanian printed bestseller in the digital environment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arūnas Gudinavičius

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available There has been much speculation in the past years about self-publishing. Some argue that publishing houses do not have a future as publishing service providers. Others claim that it is very easy to publish a book as an e-book. There are many success stories of self-publishers. More and more authors are wondering if they actually need a publisher and a retailer knowing they always take the biggest cut of the pie. The paper looks at the case of a Lithuanian author bestseller (in print. This book has also received the Lithuanian Book of the Year Award in the Fiction category. The author had the book published in Lithuanian by a traditional publishing house. It was quite successful so he decided to self-publish a digital version in English. The steps taken by the author to publish his e-book on Amazon are described and analyzed. Finally, the paper presents the results of selling and promoting his e-book on Amazon platform and provides some insights into facing the market without professional help.

  3. Shale salvation : the technological breakthrough in the Barnett has created a new North American natural gas supply surge

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wells, P.

    2009-03-15

    This article presented the new corporate strategy that Talisman Energy Inc. will use to recover unconventional gas. The article was based on a review by an unconventional gas specialist who advised that the first step in moving Canada's shale gas industry forward comes from understanding the geology of shales. Shales are low-permeability plays where diffusion is used to get the gas out of the rock. The mechanism requires innovative drilling and stimulation technologies to maximize contact with the reservoir to get a sufficient volume of gas out. Several companies are exploiting thermogenic shale gas in western Canada, mostly in northern Alberta and British Columbia. Some are targeting hybrid plays, which have layers of silt between shales that have retained some permeability and act as conduits for gas. The organic content of the shale and its thermal maturity are two key factors in assessing thermogenic shale gas potential. This article reviewed the basic differences between conventional, hybrid and shale gas plays. Source and reservoir rock attributes of shale gas plays were discussed along with lessons learned from the United States. Canadian shale gas plays were also highlighted and discussed. 9 figs.

  4. Joint exploration and development: A self-salvation road to sustainable development of unconventional oil and gas resources

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lihui Zheng

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available Commercial production of unconventional oil and gas resources will not be easily achieved without large-scale engineering measures, let alone the additional operation cost, increasingly stricter requirement for safety and environment, fluctuating low oil and gas prices, etc., defeating the confidence of those investors. Therefore, unconventional measures are urgently needed to guide the exploration and exploitation of unconventional oil and gas resources. Thus, we put forward the concept of joint exploration and development by integrating research methodologies and operating techniques for a variety of oil and gas resources to simultaneously achieve analysis, construction, gathering and exploitation of multiple hydrocarbon sources. In this way, the annoying interference between the produced mixture of hydrocarbon flow resulting in the reduction of single-well flowrate will be possibly turned into a dynamic mutual force to enhance the well's flowrate. We also point out that the inevitability of joint exploration and development is determined by the occurrence conditions of oil and gas resources, its feasibility relies on the advancement of technologies, and its arduous and long-term nature is attributed to the current energy market and environment. In spite of various problems and difficulties, we believe that joint exploration and development will be a feasible option to achieve both cost reduction and production & benefit enhancement, boost investors' confidence, raise energy comprehensive utilization, and enhance energy supply efficiency. In conclusion, the advantages of joint exploration and development outweigh its disadvantages for both countries and enterprises.

  5. Avatar in the Amazon - Narratives of Cultural Conversion and Environmental Salvation between Cultural Theory and Popular Culture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John Ødemark

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available In 2010 the New York Times reported that '[t]ribes of Amazon Find an Ally Out of "Avatar"', James Cameron. The alliance was against the building of Belo Monte, a hydroelectricdam in the Xingu River in Brazil. Cameron made a documentary about Belo Monte, A Message from Pandora. Here he states that Avatar becomes real in the struggle against the dam. This appears to confirm U. K. Heise's observation that the 'Amazon rainforest has long functioned as a complex symbol of exotic natural abundance, global ecological connectedness, and environmental crisis'. This construal, however, downplays the 'symbols' cultural components. In this article I show that the image of an ecological 'rainforest Indian' and a particular kind of culture constitutes a crucial part of the Amazon as 'a complex' cross-disciplinary 'symbol'. Firstly, I examine how an Amazonian topology (closeness to nature, natural cultures is both a product of an interdisciplinary history, and a place to speak from for ethno-political activist. Next I analyze how Amazonian cultures have been turned into 'ethnological isolates' representing a set of grand theoretical problems in anthropology, not least concerning the nature/culture-distinction, and how environmentalism has deployed the same topology. Finally I examine how Avatar and one of its cinematic intertexts, John Boorman's The Emerald Forest, is used as a model to understand the struggle over the Belo Monte. In a paradoxical way the symbolic power of indigenous people in ecological matters here appears to be dependent upon a non-relation, and a reestablishment of clear cut cultural boundaries, where 'the tribal' is also associated with the human past. Disturbingly such symbolic exportation of solutions is consonant with current exportations of the solution of ecological problems to 'other places'.

  6. The genus Macrochaetosoma Absolon & Lang, 1933 (myriapoda, diplopoda, anthogonidae: Taxonomy, biogeography, and phylogeny

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Makarov S. E.

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Two "subspecies" of the diplopod genus Macrochaetosoma Absolon & Lang, M. troglomontanum biokovense Mršić & M. troglomontanum deleemanorum Gulička are synonymized and attributed to M. troglomontanum Absolon & Lang. Abundant material from Montenegro and Herzegovina led us to reanalyze taxonomic relationships of member of the genus Macrochaetosoma (as well as these of some related taxa; some biogeographic and phylogenetic details are also briefly discussed.

  7. Sexual dimorphism in Apfelbeckia insculpta (L. Koch, 1867 (Myriapoda: Diplopoda: Callipodida

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ilić Bojan S.

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Apfelbeckia insculpta (L. Koch, 1867 is one of the largest European millipedes and an endemic species of the Balkan Peninsula. We present data on sexual dimorphism in size and body proportions obtained from 179 adult specimens of this species from four caves in Serbia and one in Montenegro using univariate and multivariate morphometric techniques. Sexual dimorphism was apparent and female-biased for all measured characters, except for lengths of the antennae and the 24th leg pair (which were larger in males and lengths of the first, second and fourth leg pairs, which exhibited small differences between sexes. Generally, females had significantly greater body size than males, while males expressed significantly greater values in traits that can be associated with mobility and copulation behavior. Also, we found significant variations in sexual size and body proportions dimorphism among analyzed populations. The influences of fecundity and sexual selection on the adult body plan in A. insculpta are discussed. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 173038

  8. The Caucasus as a major hotspot of biodiversity: Evidence from the millipede family Anthroleucosomatidae (Diplopoda, Chordeumatida).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Antić, Dragan Ž; Makarov, Slobodan E

    2016-12-22

    Fifteen new genera and 36 new species of the diplopod family Anthroleucosomatidae Verhoeff, 1899 are described from the Caucasus, one of the world's biodiversity hotspots: Golovatchosoma bacillichaetum gen. et sp. nov., G. trichochaetum sp. nov., Alpinella waltheri gen. et sp. nov., Brachychaetosoma turbanovi gen. et sp. nov., Caucaseuma elephantum sp. nov., C. fanagoriyskaya sp. nov., C. glabroscutum sp. nov., C. kelasuri sp. nov., C. minellii sp. nov., C. variabile sp. nov., Caucasominorus billi gen. et sp. nov., C. polylobatus sp. nov., Georgiosoma bicornutum gen. et sp. nov., Heterocaucaseuma feminaepectorum gen. et sp. nov., H. longicorne sp. nov., Paranotosoma attemsi gen. et sp. nov., P. cordatum sp. nov., P. subrotundatum sp. nov., Dentatosoma denticulatum gen. et sp. nov., D. magnum sp. nov., D. zeraboseli sp. nov., Enghoffiella insolita gen. et sp. nov., Metamastigophorophyllon hamatum sp. nov., M. lamellohirsutum sp. nov., M. torsivum sp. nov., Acanthophorella barjadzei gen. et sp. nov., A. chegemi sp. nov., A. irystoni sp. nov., Cryptacanthophorella manubriata gen. et sp. nov., Flagellophorella hoffmani gen. et sp. nov., Pseudoflagellophorella eskovi gen. et sp. nov., P. mirabilis sp. nov., P. papilioformis sp. nov., Herculina oligosagittae gen. et sp. nov., H. polysagittae sp. nov., Vegrandosoma tabacarui gen. et sp. nov. All anthroleucosomatids from the Caucasus, both new and previously described, are classified in eight endemic complexes, arranged as follows in alphabetic order: the Alloiopus complex, the Caucaseuma complex, the Dentatosoma complex, the Enghoffiella complex, the Flagellophorella complex, the Herculina complex, the Ratcheuma complex and the Vegrandosoma complex. The genus Metamastigophorophyllon Ceuca, 1976 (the type-species: Mastigophorophyllon giljarovi Lang, 1959, adequately redescribed from new material), is a new subjective senior synonym of Persedicus Mauriès, 1982, syn. nov., being also newly transferred from the family Mastigophorophyllidae to the family Anthroleucosomatidae, comb. nov. The following two new combinations are also proposed: Heterocaucaseuma mauriesi (Golovatch and Makarov, 2011), comb. nov. ex Anamastigona Silvestri, 1898; and Metamastigophorophyllon martensi (Mauriès, 1982), comb. nov. ex Persedicus Mauriès, 1982. An identification key to and distribution maps for all known species of Caucasian Anthroleucosomatidae are provided, as well as brief remarks on distributions and on cave-dwelling taxa.

  9. Typhloiulus serborum n. sp., new cave-dwelling diplopod from Serbia (Myriapoda, Diplopoda, Julidae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ćurčić Božidar P.

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available The new species of cave diplopod Typhloiulus serborum n. sp.is described as new to science, thoroughly illustrated, and diagnosed. The phylogeny of the genus Typhloiulus Latzel is briefly discussed.

  10. Distribution of millipedes (Myriapoda, Diplopoda along a forest interior – forest edge – grassland habitat complex

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dávid Bogyó

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available We studied the distribution of millipedes in a forest interior-forest edge-grassland habitat complex in the Hajdúság Landscape Protection Area (NE Hungary. The habitat types were as follows: (1 lowland oak forest, (2 forest edge with increased ground vegetation and shrub cover, and (3 mesophilous grassland. We collected millipedes by litter and soil sifting. There were overall 30 sifted litter and soil samples: 3 habitat types × 2 replicates × 5 soil and litter samples per habitats. We collected 9 millipede species; the most abundant species was Glomeris tetrasticha, which was the most abundant species in the forest edge as well. The most abundant species in the forest interior was Kryphioiulus occultus, while the most abundant species in the grassland was Megaphyllum unilineatum. Our result showed that the number of millipede species was significantly lower in the grassland than in the forest or in the edge, however there were no significant difference in the number of species between the forest interior and the forest edge. We found significantly the highest number of millipede individuals in the forest edge. There were differences in the composition of the millipede assemblages of the three habitats. The results of the DCCA showed that forest edge and forest interior habitats were clearly separated from the grassland habitats. The forest edge habitat was characterized by high air temperature, high soil moisture, high soil pH, high soil enzyme activity, high shrub cover and low canopy cover. The IndVal and the DCCA methods revealed the following character species of the forest edge habitats: Glomeris tetrasticha and Leptoiulus cibdellus. Changes in millipede abundance and composition were highly correlated with the vegetation structure.

  11. High heterochromatin content in somatic chromosomes of two unrelated species of Diplopoda (Myriapoda).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vitturi, R; Colomba, M S; Caputo, V; Sparacio, I; Barbieri, R

    1997-09-01

    For the first time, a conventional analysis of C-banded karyotypes was carried out in two distantly related diplopod species; this revealed an impressive percentage of heterochromatin in both genomes. In Acanthopetalum sicanum (Order Callipodida) (2n = 12), heterochromatin constitutes about 60% of the total DNA in females and 56% in males, whereas in Enologus oxypygum (Order Julida) (2n = 22) it is about 67% in both sexes. Heterochromatin of the two species was found to be similar in base composition (AT rich) and heterochromatin distribution, indicating that it has accumulated in a species-specific manner. Sex-determining mechanisms of the XY type were detected in both A. sicanum and E. oxypygum. In A. sicanum, the Y presented the lowest heterochromatic content of all chromosomes in the karyotype, whereas the X presented the highest.

  12. Gene expression suggests decoupled dorsal and ventral segmentation in the millipede Glomeris marginata (Myriapoda: Diplopoda).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Janssen, Ralf; Prpic, Nikola-Michael; Damen, Wim G M

    2004-04-01

    Diplopods (millipedes) are known for their irregular body segmentation. Most importantly, the number of dorsal segmental cuticular plates (tergites) does not match the number of ventral structures (e.g., sternites). Controversial theories exist to explain the origin of this so-called diplosegmentation. We have studied the embryology of a representative diplopod, Glomeris marginata, and have analyzed the segmentation genes engrailed (en), hedgehog (hh), cubitus-interruptus (ci), and wingless (wg). We show that dorsal segments can be distinguished from ventral segments. They differ not only in number and developmental history, but also in gene expression patterns. engrailed, hedgehog, and cubitus-interruptus are expressed in both ventral and dorsal segments, but at different intrasegmental locations, whereas wingless is expressed only in the ventral segments, but not in the dorsal segments. Ventrally, the patterns are similar to what has been described from Drosophila and other arthropods, consistent with a conserved role of these genes in establishing parasegment boundaries. On the dorsal side, however, the gene expression patterns are different and inconsistent with a role in boundary formation between segments, but they suggest that these genes might function to establish the tergite borders. Our data suggest a profound and rather complete decoupling of dorsal and ventral segmentation leading to the dorsoventral discrepancies in the number of segmental elements. Based on gene expression, we propose a model that may resolve the hitherto controversial issue of the correlation between dorsal tergites and ventral leg pairs in basal diplopods (e.g., Glomeris) and is suggestive also for derived, ring-forming diplopods (e.g., Juliformia).

  13. Cattiena fansipanis n. sp. (Nematoda: Rhigonematida: Carnoyidae) from a millipede (Myriapoda: Diplopoda: Spirobolida) in North Vietnam.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malysheva, Svetlana V; Van Luc, Pham

    2012-02-01

    A new species of Cattiena Hunt & Spiridonov, 2001 from a diplopod (Spirobolida: Pseudospirobolellidae Brolemann) collected near Sa Pa, Lao Cai Province, Vietnam, is described. Females of Cattiena fansipanis n. sp. are closely related to females of two other known species of the genus, C. trachelomegali Hunt & Spiridonov, 2001 and C. trigoniuli Hunt & Spiridonov, 2001, but can be distinguished by the distinctly more anterior position of the vulva, abrupt constriction of the body at the vulval level, presence of two swollen portions of the oviducts, and longer body and tail. Males of new species differ by having a rounded cephalic region followed by 13-14 annules which are larger than those which follow them, a different size and shape of the spicules and gubernaculum, and body and tail length. Three size groups of juveniles were found in the host gut lumen, presumably representing second, third and fourth juvenile stages. The morphology of the juvenile stages is described.

  14. Distribution of millipedes (Myriapoda, Diplopoda) along a forest interior – forest edge – grassland habitat complex

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bogyó, Dávid; Magura, Tibor; Nagy, Dávid D.; Tóthmérész, Béla

    2015-01-01

    Abstract We studied the distribution of millipedes in a forest interior-forest edge-grassland habitat complex in the Hajdúság Landscape Protection Area (NE Hungary). The habitat types were as follows: (1) lowland oak forest, (2) forest edge with increased ground vegetation and shrub cover, and (3) mesophilous grassland. We collected millipedes by litter and soil sifting. There were overall 30 sifted litter and soil samples: 3 habitat types × 2 replicates × 5 soil and litter samples per habitats. We collected 9 millipede species; the most abundant species was Glomeris tetrasticha, which was the most abundant species in the forest edge as well. The most abundant species in the forest interior was Kryphioiulus occultus, while the most abundant species in the grassland was Megaphyllum unilineatum. Our result showed that the number of millipede species was significantly lower in the grassland than in the forest or in the edge, however there were no significant difference in the number of species between the forest interior and the forest edge. We found significantly the highest number of millipede individuals in the forest edge. There were differences in the composition of the millipede assemblages of the three habitats. The results of the DCCA showed that forest edge and forest interior habitats were clearly separated from the grassland habitats. The forest edge habitat was characterized by high air temperature, high soil moisture, high soil pH, high soil enzyme activity, high shrub cover and low canopy cover. The IndVal and the DCCA methods revealed the following character species of the forest edge habitats: Glomeris tetrasticha and Leptoiulus cibdellus. Changes in millipede abundance and composition were highly correlated with the vegetation structure. PMID:26257542

  15. Duplicated Pax6 genes in Glomeris marginata (Myriapoda: Diplopoda), an arthropod with simple lateral eyes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prpic, Nikola-Michael

    2005-01-01

    Composite (facetted) eyes comprised by several units, termed ommatidia, are an ancestral feature in the arthropods. Some arthropods, however, do not possess composite eyes, obviously by secondary reduction. Reductions on the level of conserved eye developmental genes are one possibility to reduce the visual system. The genes of the Pax6 family have been shown to be key regulators of visual system development in a wide variety of animals. Reduction of Pax6 expression may therefore be expected in a species with reduced eyes. Here I have investigated the myriapod Glomeris marginata that displays very simple eyes. Glomeris, however, possesses two Pax6 genes that, based on their sequence, are similar to Drosophila eyeless (ey) and twin of eyeless (toy), respectively. Both genes are highly expressed in the optic lobes and the ventral nerve cord of developing embryos. Furthermore, homologs of other high-ranking eye developmental genes like hedgehog, decapentaplegic, dachshund, and homothorax are expressed in the optic lobes. This indicates that eye reduction in Glomeris is not realized at the level of the Pax6 genes or other genes on the upper levels of the eye development network. I suggest instead that the simple eyes of Glomeris are the product of changes at a much lower level in the network, probably at the level of genes directly regulating ommatidia development or ommatidia number and arrangement.

  16. A new genus and species of the family Anthroleucosomatidae from Serbia (Myriapoda, Diplopoda, Chordeumatida

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Makarov S.E.

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available A new genus and species of Anthroleucosomatidae is described from Serbia. Dazbogosoma naissi n. g. n. sp. is characterized by the presence of few ocellae, apically bifurcated syncoxite, and the presence of complex lateral parts of anterior gonopods with truncated process. The new genus belongs to the Bulgarosoma complex of genera that probably deserve a suprageneric level.

  17. The complete mitochondrial genome of the giant pill millipede, Sphaerotheriidae sp. (Myriapoda: Diplopoda: Sphaerotheriida).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dong, Yan; Xu, Juan-Juan; Hao, Si-Jing; Sun, Hong-Ying

    2012-10-01

    The complete mitochondrial genome (mitogenome) of the millipede Sphaerotheriidae sp. has been studied. The genome is 14,970 bp long and contains the typical complement of 13 protein-coding genes, 22 transfer RNA genes, and 2 ribosomal RNA genes. Gene order in Sphaerotheriidae sp. mitogenome is assumed to represent the myriapod ground pattern, which is shared by myriapod-chelicerate clade.

  18. Distribution of millipedes (Myriapoda, Diplopoda) along a forest interior - forest edge - grassland habitat complex.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bogyó, Dávid; Magura, Tibor; Nagy, Dávid D; Tóthmérész, Béla

    2015-01-01

    We studied the distribution of millipedes in a forest interior-forest edge-grassland habitat complex in the Hajdúság Landscape Protection Area (NE Hungary). The habitat types were as follows: (1) lowland oak forest, (2) forest edge with increased ground vegetation and shrub cover, and (3) mesophilous grassland. We collected millipedes by litter and soil sifting. There were overall 30 sifted litter and soil samples: 3 habitat types × 2 replicates × 5 soil and litter samples per habitats. We collected 9 millipede species; the most abundant species was Glomeristetrasticha, which was the most abundant species in the forest edge as well. The most abundant species in the forest interior was Kryphioiulusoccultus, while the most abundant species in the grassland was Megaphyllumunilineatum. Our result showed that the number of millipede species was significantly lower in the grassland than in the forest or in the edge, however there were no significant difference in the number of species between the forest interior and the forest edge. We found significantly the highest number of millipede individuals in the forest edge. There were differences in the composition of the millipede assemblages of the three habitats. The results of the DCCA showed that forest edge and forest interior habitats were clearly separated from the grassland habitats. The forest edge habitat was characterized by high air temperature, high soil moisture, high soil pH, high soil enzyme activity, high shrub cover and low canopy cover. The IndVal and the DCCA methods revealed the following character species of the forest edge habitats: Glomeristetrasticha and Leptoiuluscibdellus. Changes in millipede abundance and composition were highly correlated with the vegetation structure.

  19. Seasonal population dynamics of Brachyiulus jawlowskii (Diplopoda, Julidae in the Dnieper river arena

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    N. G. Gudym

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available We have researched the population dynamics of Brachyiulus jawlowskii Lohmander, 1928 in the arena of the Dnepr river (within the "Dnieper-Orilsky” Nature Reserve and also present a full picture of the habitat distribution of Julidae within the researched area. The tested models were basic types of arena biogeocenosis: sand steppe, black maple forests, artificial pine plantations, deciduous forest, meadow and swamp. Variation in population density of B. jawlowskii is determined by biotopical features. The swamp and meadow habitats can be characterized by the highest level of population dynamics. B. jawlowskii plays the greatest role in the herpetobiont grouping in swamp and oak forest habitats (6.7% and 4.6% respectively. In other types of habitat this species composes 0.1–3.5% of the total abundance of this group. The highest abundance dynamic was reached by the Julidae cenopopulations which inhabit the swamp, oak forest and meadow habitats. B. jawlowskii occupies a relatively significant share in the herpetobiont communities of these habitats. Thus, the indicators of absolute number of this species and its relative participation in the herpertobiont grouping indicate the preference of this species for marsh, oak forest and meadow habitats. These habitats can be characterized by an excessive or moderate level of edaphotopic humidification. The ecosystem of the steppe zone of Ukraine is subject to significant human impact. In nature reserves, this effect is minimized, which permits research to be conducted on regimes of natural population dynamics. We established that B. jawlowskii inhabits all habitats investigated within the arena zone of the Dnepr river. This indicates that this is an environmentally flexible Julidae species. The population dynamics of B. jawlowskii can be characterized by three distinct periods: spring-summer, summer and autumn. Each of these periods is characterized by a distinct population dynamic, but throughout the study period the metapopulation of B. jawlowskii remained stable. This is due to the redistribution of representatives of the biotopical metapopulation over a wide range. The conservation regime within the "Dnieper-Orilsky" Nature Reserve had a positively effect on the state of the B. jawlowskii population. Within the reserve on the territory of the arena of the Dnepr river B. jawlowskii uses a wide variety of types of habitats.

  20. An Updated Checklist and Perspective Study of Millipedes (Arthropoda: Myriapoda: Diplopoda in the Korean Peninsula

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    Anh D. Nguyen

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The Korean peninsula has diverse habitats and so would be expected to have a rich millipede fauna because of its location between the Paleoarctic and Oriental regions. To facilitate studies on millipedes, this work provides an updated list and discussion of Korean millipedes. A total of 69 species had been recorded up to 2010, but since then no new species have been reported. Among 69 species, 49 are endemic to the Korean peninsula. From 1950 to the present, an average of only seven new species from the Korean peninsula has been described per decade. This number does not reflect the biodiversity of millipedes in Korea, especially when compared to Taiwan, which has only one-third the area of the Korean peninsula, but from which a greater number of millipede species have been recorded (75 vs. 69 species. Japan has twofold the land area of the Korean peninsula, and an almost threefold higher number of millipede species. Further, more-intensive surveys will likely result in identification of more millipede species in the Korean peninsula.

  1. Chemical Ecology of Cave-Dwelling Millipedes: Defensive Secretions of the Typhloiulini (Diplopoda, Julida, Julidae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Makarov, Slobodan E; Bodner, Michaela; Reineke, Doris; Vujisić, Ljubodrag V; Todosijević, Marina M; Antić, Dragan Ž; Vagalinski, Boyan; Lučić, Luka R; Mitić, Bojan M; Mitov, Plamen; Anđelković, Boban D; Lucić, Sofija Pavković; Vajs, Vlatka; Tomić, Vladimir T; Raspotnig, Günther

    2017-04-01

    Cave animals live under highly constant ecological conditions and in permanent darkness, and many evolutionary adaptations of cave-dwellers have been triggered by their specific environment. A similar "cave effect" leading to pronounced chemical interactions under such conditions may be assumed, but the chemoecology of troglobionts is mostly unknown. We investigated the defensive chemistry of a largely cave-dwelling julid group, the controversial tribe "Typhloiulini", and we included some cave-dwelling and some endogean representatives. While chemical defense in juliform diplopods is known to be highly uniform, and mainly based on methyl- and methoxy-substituted benzoquinones, the defensive secretions of typhloiulines contained ethyl-benzoquinones and related compounds. Interestingly, ethyl-benzoquinones were found in some, but not all cave-dwelling typhloiulines, and some non-cave dwellers also contained these compounds. On the other hand, ethyl-benzoquinones were not detected in troglobiont nor in endogean typhloiuline outgroups. In order to explain the taxonomic pattern of ethyl-benzoquinone occurrence, and to unravel whether a cave-effect triggered ethyl-benzoquinone evolution, we classed the "Typhloiulini" investigated here within a phylogenetic framework of julid taxa, and traced the evolutionary history of ethyl-benzoquinones in typhloiulines in relation to cave-dwelling. The results indicated a cave-independent evolution of ethyl-substituted benzoquinones, indicating the absence of a "cave effect" on the secretions of troglobiont Typhloiulini. Ethyl-benzoquinones probably evolved early in an epi- or endogean ancestor of a clade including several, but not all Typhloiulus (basically comprising a taxonomic entity known as "Typhloiulus sensu stricto") and Serboiulus. Ethyl-benzoquinones are proposed as novel and valuable chemical characters for julid systematics.

  2. Description of three cave diplopods of Pseudonannolene Silvestri (Diplopoda, Pseudonannolenida, Pseudonannolenidae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carmem Silvia Fontanetti

    1996-01-01

    Full Text Available Three new species of Pseudonannolene Silvestri, 1895 diplopods are described: P. anapophysis (type locality, "Caverna Lapão", Bahia, P. imbirensis (type locality, "Caverna São Mateus", Imbira III, Goiás, and P. chaimowiczi (Minas Gerais, Bahia

  3. A new cave-dwelling millipede of the genus Scutogona from central Portugal (Diplopoda, Chordeumatida, Chamaesomatidae)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Enghoff, Henrik; Reboleira, Ana Sofia

    2013-01-01

    A new cave-dwelling species of the genus Scutogona Ribuat, 1913, S. minor n. sp., is described from caves of Sicó karst in central Portugal. The classification and delimitation of Scutogona vis-à-vis related genera, in particular Meinerteuma Mauriès, 1982, is discussed.......A new cave-dwelling species of the genus Scutogona Ribuat, 1913, S. minor n. sp., is described from caves of Sicó karst in central Portugal. The classification and delimitation of Scutogona vis-à-vis related genera, in particular Meinerteuma Mauriès, 1982, is discussed....

  4. [Descriptive, experimental and comparative investigations on the ecology of diplopoda of the Rhein-Main-region].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haacker, Ulrich

    1968-04-01

    1. The ecology of 14 millipede-species of the Rhein-Main-region was analysed by descriptive, experimental and comparative methods. 2. Quantitative field-investigations showed that 6 species are stenoecic in woodlands, 3 species stenoecic in open country, and 4 species euryoecic; one further species, Cylindroiulus truncorum, has been introduced from North-Africa and is synanthropic, near Wiesbaden it has spread out from a cemetery into the surrounding beech-wood. 3. In 4 typical habitats (leaf-wood, pine-wood, potatoefield on loam, grassland on sand) the microclimate at the surface and in the soil was registred over 24 hours as well as over the year. 4. Sexual activity and behaviour in the habitat were observed. Some species show a marked activity at the surface including herbs and trees. 6 species have a diurnal rhythmic behaviour: they are migrating vertically in soil and litter. 5. A number of factors with possible influence on distribution were analysed by experiments. Locomotion-speed and scototactic orientation are of no influence, food-preference plays a part in 3 species. As shown by preference-experiments, fir litter is not accepted as food; this helps to understand the rareness of millipedes in fir-monocultures. Distribution is mainly determined by abiotic factors. Resistance against desiccation and preference towards a humidity-gradient - both closely correlated by transpiration - agree with distribution in 10 species. Low temperature-resistance is a limiting factor in 4 cases; 1 species living but under barks, Nemasoma varicorne, can be euryoecic only by its high resistance against frost and heat. Preference reactions towards temperature agree with distribution in 11 species, being the only distributional factor to be found in 4 cases. 6. Distribution is determined by specific factorial patterns, which even in related species are rarely the same. 7. In cases of diverging microclimatic claims, unfavourable humidity conditions are tolerated if by this better temperature conditions are available. Some species are not fully agreeing with environments, whereas other millipedes like the stenoecic Orthochordeuma germanicum are completely adapted to their habitat. 8. In Chromatoiulus (2 species analysed) and Cylindroiulus (5 species analysed) intrageneric isolation has taken place, caused by different temperature preferences.

  5. Subterranean species of Acipes Attems, 1937 (Diplopoda, Julida, Blaniulidae)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Enghoff, Henrik; Reboleira, Ana Sofia

    2013-01-01

    Two new blind, cave-dwelling species of the genus Acipes Attems, 1937, are described from the Algarve, southern Portugal: A. machadoi n. sp. and A. bifilum n. sp. Acipes andalusius Enghoff & Mauriès, 1999, is reported from the mesovoid shallow substratum in Alicante (Spain), 250 km from the type ...... locality in Andalusia....

  6. Sex ratios, mating frequencies and relative abundance of sympatric millipedes in the genus Chersastus (Diplopoda: Pachybolidae

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    Mark Ian Cooper

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Three hypotheses exist for explaining climbing behavior in millipedes: 1 waterlogging, 2 detritus limiting, and 3 mate avoidance. Data of sex ratios, mating frequency and relative abundance are provided to suggest an alternative explanation for the pattern in sympatric forest millipedes. Sex ratio differences - from equality - were tested using a G-test comparing millipedes on and above ground. Mating frequencies were calculated based on the percentage of paired individuals. Relative abundance may correlate with male-biases in the sex ratios. All three factors suggest Chersastus inscriptus has a higher reproductive potential than C. anulatus. This is evidence for mating hotspots.

  7. New records of Lophoproctuscoecus Pocock, 1894 (Diplopoda, Polyxenida, Lophoproctidae) extend the range of the genus Lophoproctus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Short, Megan

    2015-01-01

    The geographic distribution of the genus Lophoproctus Pocock, 1894 has greatly expanded with new records of the species Lophoproctuscoecus Pocock, 1894, together with the reassignment of a number of millipedes formerly identified as Lophoproctuslucidus (Chalande, 1888). Lophoproctuscoecus was found to be the sole representative of the family Lophoproctidae in collections examined from Crimea and the Caucasian region. The species was also identified from Iran and Kyrgyzstan. Lophoproctus specimens collected in Italy by Verhoeff were reassigned as Lophoproctuscoecus with the exception of one specimen of Lophoproctusjeanneli (Brölemann, 1910) from Capri. These data were combined with all available information from the literature to look at the pattern of distribution of the four species in the genus. The range of the genus Lophoproctus extends from Portugal to Central Asia. Lophoproctuscoecus is widespread from Italy eastward, while the morphologically very similar species Lophoproctuslucidus is confined to France and northern Africa. The two species have a narrow overlap in the Alpes Maritimes region of France. Lophoproctusjeanneli has a scattered coastal distribution around the Mediterranean Sea. The troglobitic species Lophoproctuspagesi (Condé, 1982) has only been recorded from a cave on Majorca, Spain.

  8. How to uncoil your partner—"mating songs" in giant pill-millipedes (Diplopoda: Sphaerotheriida)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wesener, Thomas; Köhler, Jörn; Fuchs, Stefan; van den Spiegel, Didier

    2011-11-01

    The stridulation of the giant pill-millipede genus Sphaerotherium from South Africa, one of only three groups of millipedes that produce sounds, was studied. One hundred one stridulation series of a total of nine different species ( Sphaerotherium dorsaloide, Sphaerotherium hanstroemi, Sphaerotherium mahaium, Sphaerotherium similare, Sphaerotherium punctulatum, Sphaerotherium convexitarsum, Sphaerotherium dorsale, Sphaerotherium rotundatum, and Sphaerotherium perbrincki) were analyzed. Stridulation sounds are produced only with a special field of ribs on the posterior surface of the posterior telopod, which is actively moved over a field of sclerotized nubs on the inner margin of the anal shield. The Sphaerotherium male usually stridulates only when in contact with a female to initiate mating. This seems to prevent the female from volvating into a ball or stimulate the female to uncoil when already rolled in. The sound analyzes revealed a broad frequency spectrum in all stridulation sounds produced, without obvious differences in frequency distribution among species. However, the temporal pattern of the stridulation varies greatly between species and seems to be species-specific, arguing for a species recognition function of the stridulation during courtship behavior. A single species ( S. punctulatum) was found to stridulate during mating while three species also show postcopulatory stridulation. Apparently, pill-millipedes are not capable of acoustic perception, as no hearing organs are known, indicating that the communication is mainly based on perception of temporal vibration patterns, and not of the acoustic signal itself. The need to overcome the rolling-in reflex of the female is developed as a hypothesis why stridulation exists only in millipedes able to coil into a ball, and apparently evolved four times independently in the superorder Oniscomorpha.

  9. Ordinal abundance and richness of millipedes (Arthropoda: Diplopoda) in a subtropical wet forest in Puerto Rico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Christina M. Murphy; Grizelle Gonzalez; Juliana. Belén

    2008-01-01

    Millipedes, among other soil fauna, are important components of ecosystems because of their role in nutrient cycling. In this study, we quantified the density, biomass, and richness (in terms of order) of millipedes along a toposequence (ridges, slopes, and valleys) and different ground layers (litter, humus, 0-5 cm soil depth, and 5-10 cm soil depth) in a subtropical...

  10. Methane Production and Methanogenic Archaea in the Digestive Tracts of Millipedes (Diplopoda)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Šustr, Vladimír; Chroňáková, Alica; Semanová, Stanislava; Tajovský, Karel; Šimek, Miloslav

    2014-01-01

    Methane production by intestinal methanogenic Archaea and their community structure were compared among phylogenetic lineages of millipedes. Tropical and temperate millipedes of 35 species and 17 families were investigated. Species that emitted methane were mostly in the juliform orders Julida, Spirobolida, and Spirostreptida. The irregular phylogenetic distribution of methane production correlated with the presence of the methanogen-specific mcrA gene. The study brings the first detailed survey of methanogens’ diversity in the digestive tract of millipedes. Sequences related to Methanosarcinales, Methanobacteriales, Methanomicrobiales and some unclassified Archaea were detected using molecular profiling (DGGE). The differences in substrate preferences of the main lineages of methanogenic Archaea found in different millipede orders indicate that the composition of methanogen communities may reflect the differences in available substrates for methanogenesis or the presence of symbiotic protozoa in the digestive tract. We conclude that differences in methane production in the millipede gut reflect differences in the activity and proliferation of intestinal methanogens rather than an absolute inability of some millipede taxa to host methanogens. This inference was supported by the general presence of methanogenic activity in millipede faecal pellets and the presence of the 16S rRNA gene of methanogens in all tested taxa in the two main groups of millipedes, the Helminthophora and the Pentazonia. PMID:25028969

  11. The assimilation of heavy metals by Lithobius variegatus and Glomeris marginata (Chilopoda; Diplopoda)

    OpenAIRE

    Hopkin, S.P.; Watson, K; Martin, M H; Mould, M.L.

    1985-01-01

    Specimens of the centipede Lithobius variegatus and the millipede Glomeris marginata collected from uncontaminated sites, and sites contaminated with heavy metals, have been fed on tissues from the terrestrial isopod Oniscus asellus and leaf litter, respectively, containing different concentrations of zinc, cadmium, lead and copper. The extent to which these elements are accumulated by Lithobius variegatus or Glomeris marginata depends on the amounts of metals in the food and the degree of co...

  12. Diseño y Moderación de Entornos Virtuales de aprendizaje, Juan Silva Quiroz. Prólogo de Begoña Gros Salvat

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gonzalez, Alejandro Héctor

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Esta publicación presenta y trabaja el concepto de diseño de entorno virtual de aprendizaje, enfatiza en la importancia del entorno y el contexto para el aprendizaje. El libro aporta orientaciones para los profesores que deseen integrar un espacio virtual en alguna de las modalidades: apoyo a la presencial, sistemas híbridos (b-learning y también e-learning

  13. Diseño y Moderación de Entornos Virtuales de aprendizaje, Juan Silva Quiroz. Prólogo de Begoña Gros Salvat

    OpenAIRE

    Gonzalez, Alejandro Héctor

    2012-01-01

    Esta publicación presenta y trabaja el concepto de diseño de entorno virtual de aprendizaje, enfatiza en la importancia del entorno y el contexto para el aprendizaje. El libro aporta orientaciones para los profesores que deseen integrar un espacio virtual en alguna de las modalidades: apoyo a la presencial, sistemas híbridos (b-learning) y también e-learning

  14. Logos Announced the Light of Salvation: Interpreting How John Presented His Message in John 1:1-18, According to Functional Grammar

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pollinger, Seth

    2014-01-01

    This study of John 1:1-18 describes how John (the speaker) presented his message to his audience within their activity of verbal communication. By focusing on verbal meaning, this interpretation analyzes how John presented and expressed his meanings through language by interpreting this text based on the seamless interrelation between John's…

  15. The Moral Arc of the Universe: Salvation as Emancipation (El arco del universo moral: la salvación como emancipación)

    OpenAIRE

    James W. Ward

    2015-01-01

    Resumen: Muchas interpretaciones modernas de la salvación trasfiguran y personalizan la salvación. La estancia eterna de un alma en el cielo es posible por medio de la salvación. Las ideas judías y cristianas son más profundas y complicadas e incluyen una idea de la salvación como una emancipación de "poderes y principios." La salvación llega después de una adaptación por el dirigente legítimo del universo y una liberación de la esclavitud a otros dirigentes falsos. Yo resumo el significado d...

  16. Urgencias habitacionales, fantasías de salvación y retorno del desamparo Housing urgencies, salvation fantasies and the return of neglect

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Margarita Robertazzi

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Se presentan resultados parciales obtenidos durante el desarrollo de la investigación "Narrativas del desamparo: conformismo, mesianismo, opciones críticas", que aborda la problemática de grupos familiares marginalizados por condiciones precarias de trabajo y de hábitat, así como el análisis de políticas públicas, privadas y autogestionadas para la atención de esa problemática. Es un estudio de casos múltiples, intencionalmente seleccionados, que se realiza con método cualitativo, en el que se administran técnicas conversacionales, observacionales y documentales. En este artículo se analizan tres casos en los que es posible detectar protagonismo en la transformación de la urgencia habitacional, a pesar de que los niveles de desamparo no son homogéneos. En todos ellos se identifica una combinación de los modos preponderantes de subjetivación, así como el papel que juegan los distintos actores sociales en su gestión/resolución, atendiendo especialmente las representaciones y tendencias ligadas a los destinatarios de políticas sociales.Short term results obtained during the development of research work on "Stories of the neglected: conformity, messianism, critical options" are presented in this article. It approaches problems of family groups socially excluded because of precarious working and habitat (housing conditions, as well as the analysis of public, private, and self management policies intended to deal with these problems. It is a study of multiple, intentionally selected cases, performed with qualitative method, in which conversational, observational and documentary techniques are administered. Three cases are analyzed in which it is possible to notice protagonism in the process of transformation of housing urgency, in spite of the fact that the levels of neglect are not equivalent. In all of them it is possible to identify a combination of the main processes of subjectivity formation, as well as the role played by different social actors in the management/resolution, focusing on representations and trends prevailing on the recipients of social policies.

  17. Chronic as salvation: Teaching journalism is taught to listen and tell clearly what is heard after checking that it is true

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alfonso Armada

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Teaching journalism is to teach listen and tell clearly what is heard after checking that it is true. After receiving all the opinions, and stupidly believing that all are equally valuable, we finish misleading the sense of reality. This is why the press has lost much credit, because many readers or former readers have come to the conclusion that everybody lies, that all newspapers twist reality so that it looks like their worldview, because, as ironically says a friend who tries not to lose entirely his faith in journalism: "reality is overrated". Because we mix facts and opinions, because we weaken the facts so that they say what we want them to say, and ultimately we do not know where reality ends and where fiction begins, where we practice the intellectual and moral decency or misrepresenting what we know to harm others and protect us.

  18. New records of Lophoproctus coecus Pocock, 1894 (Diplopoda, Polyxenida, Lophoproctidae extend the range of the genus Lophoproctus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Megan Short

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The geographic distribution of the genus Lophoproctus Pocock, 1894 has greatly expanded with new records of the species Lophoproctus coecus Pocock, 1894, together with the reassignment of a number of millipedes formerly identified as Lophoproctus lucidus (Chalande, 1888. L. coecus was found to be the sole representative of the family Lophoproctidae in collections examined from Crimea and the Caucasian region. The species was also identified from Iran and Kyrgyzstan. Lophoproctus specimens collected in Italy by Verhoeff were reassigned as L. coecus with the exception of one specimen of L. jeanneli (Brölemann, 1910 from Capri. These data were combined with all available information from the literature to look at the pattern of distribution of the four species in the genus. The range of the genus Lophoproctus extends from Portugal to Central Asia. Lophoproctus coecus is widespread from Italy eastward, while the morphologically very similar species L. lucidus is confined to France and northern Africa. The two species have a narrow overlap in the Alpes Maritimes region of France. L. jeanneli has a scattered coastal distribution around the Mediterranean Sea. The troglobitic species L. pagesi (Condé, 1982 has only been recorded from a cave on Majorca, Spain.

  19. Revision of the genus Ommatoiulus i>Latzel, 1884 (Julida, Diplopoda) in Portugal, with description of six new species

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Akkari, Nesrine; Enghoff, Henrik

    2017-01-01

    In this work we present a revision of the genus Ommatoiulus Latzel, 1884 in Portugal. Based on recently collected material and older museum samples, including type specimens, we describe six new species to science, viz. Ommatoiulus alacygni sp. nov., O. camurus sp. nov., O. denticulatus sp. nov., O....... litoralis sp. nov., O. staglae sp. nov. and O. stellaris sp. nov. The species O. alacygni sp.O.sp. nov. and O.sp. nov. described from the Algarve are outstanding by their extremely reduced mesomerital process. The species O. porathi (Verhoeff, 1893) and O. andalusius (Attems, 1927) are recorded and redescribed...... for the first time after their original description. The finding of O.– originally described from Andalusia in Spain – constitutes a new record for Portugal together with two species, viz. O. fuentei (Brolemann, 1920) and O. martensi Mauriès, 1969. The taxonomic status of several species is revised. Thus...

  20. Occurrence and assemblage composition of millipedes (Myriapoda, Diplopoda and terrestrial isopods (Crustacea, Isopoda, Oniscidea in urban areas of Switzerland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ferenc Vilisics

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Terrestrial isopods and millipedes, members of the invertebrate macro-decomposer guild, were collected through pitfall traps in three Swiss cities (Zurich, Lucerne, Lugano. A total of 7,198 individuals of 17 isopod species (7093 ind., and 10 millipede species (105 ind. were captured. Besides the Alpine endemic isopod (Trichoniscus alemannicus and millipede (Cylindroiulus verhoeffi, urban assemblages were mainly composed of widespread, native European and even cosmopolitan species, which are frequent in anthropogenic areas. Overall species richness (isopods and millipedes combined was similar in Zurich (17 species and Lucerne (16, while only 13 species were sampled in Lugano. According to the Sørensen index of similarity, species composition of Zurich and Lucerne were more alike, while the one of Lugano was more distinct from the other two cities.This result can be explained by the spatial proximity of Zurich and Lucerne in the north of the Alps compared to Lugano, which is located more distantly and in the south of the Alps. Dominant isopods and millipedes in Zurich and Lucerne were found to be widespread synanthropic species in temperate Europe (Porcellio scaber, Trachelipus rathkii and Ophyiulus pilosus while the dominant isopod in Lugano (Trachelipus razzautii is a species with a north-eastern Mediterranean distribution. Our study reveals that the urban millipede and isopod fauna in Swiss cities mainly consists of widespread species, but species of narrower distribution (e.g. T. alemannicus, C. verhoeffi may also find suitable habitats in cities. Despite some signs of biotic homogenization, our study also found compositional differences of millipede and isopod assemblages between northern and southern cities that suggest geographical effects of the regional species pool.

  1. Occurrence and assemblage composition of millipedes (Myriapoda, Diplopoda) and terrestrial isopods (Crustacea, Isopoda, Oniscidea) in urban areas of Switzerland.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vilisics, Ferenc; Bogyó, Dávid; Sattler, Thomas; Moretti, Marco

    2012-01-01

    Terrestrial isopods and millipedes, members of the invertebrate macro-decomposer guild, were collected through pitfall traps in three Swiss cities (Zurich, Lucerne, Lugano). A total of 7,198 individuals of 17 isopod species (7093 ind.), and 10 millipede species (105 ind.) were captured. Besides the Alpine endemic isopod (Trichoniscus alemannicus) and millipede (Cylindroiulus verhoeffi), urban assemblages were mainly composed of widespread, native European and even cosmopolitan species, which are frequent in anthropogenic areas. Overall species richness (isopods and millipedes combined) was similar in Zurich (17 species) and Lucerne (16), while only 13 species were sampled in Lugano. According to the Sørensen index of similarity, species composition of Zurich and Lucerne were more alike, while the one of Lugano was more distinct from the other two cities. This result can be explained by the spatial proximity of Zurich and Lucerne in the north of the Alps compared to Lugano, which is located more distantly and in the south of the Alps. Dominant isopods and millipedes in Zurich and Lucerne were found to be widespread synanthropic species in temperate Europe(Porcellio scaber, Trachelipus rathkii and Ophyiulus pilosus) while the dominant isopod in Lugano (Trachelipus razzautii) is a species with a north-eastern Mediterranean distribution. Our study reveals that the urban millipede and isopod fauna in Swiss cities mainly consists of widespread species, but species of narrower distribution (e.g. Trichoniscus alemannicus, Cylindroiulus verhoeffi) may also find suitable habitats in cities. Despite some signs of biotic homogenization, our study also found compositional differences of millipede and isopod assemblages between northern and southern cities that suggest geographical effects of the regional species pool.

  2. Barcoding Fauna Bavarica: Myriapoda – a contribution to DNA sequence-based identifications of centipedes and millipedes (Chilopoda, Diplopoda

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joerg Spelda

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available We give a first account of our ongoing barcoding activities on Bavarian myriapods in the framework of the Barcoding Fauna Bavarica project and IBOL, the International Barcode of Life.analyzed 126 taxa (including 122 species belonging to all major German chilopod and diplopod lineages, often using four or more specimens each, at the moment our species stock includes 82% of the diplopods and 65% of the chilopods found in Bavaria, southern Germany. The partial COI sequences allow correct identification of more than 95% of the current set of Bavarian species. Moreover, most of the myriapod orders and families appear as distinct clades in neighbour-joining trees, although the phylogenetic relationships between them are not always depicted correctly. We give examples of (1 high interspecific sequence variability among closely related species; (2 low interspecific variability in some chordeumatidan genera, indicating that recent speciations cannot be resolved with certainty using COI DNA barcodes; (3 high intraspecific variation in some genera, suggesting the existence of cryptic lineages; and (4 the possible polyphyly of some taxa, i.e. the chordeumatidan genus Ochogona. This shows that, in addition to species identification, our data may be useful in various ways in the context of species delimitations, taxonomic revisions and analyses of ongoing speciation processes.

  3. The first hydrophilous cave-dwelling millipede from Serbia-Typhloiulus balcanicus sp. nov. (Diplopoda, Julida, Julidae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Antić, Dragan Ž; Dudić, Boris D; Gajić, Mirjana R; Lučić, Luka R

    2017-01-25

    As the fourth hydrophilous species of the genus Typhloiulus Latzel, 1884, the new species T. balcanicus Antić sp. nov. is described from two caves in the Stara Planina Mountains of Serbia. A brief discussion of the relationships between the new species and congeners with modified and unmodified mouthparts is presented, as well as short notes on the habitat of the new species and comments on other semiaquatic millipedes with modified mouthparts.

  4. Developmental abnormalities in Glomeris marginata (Villers 1789) (Myriapoda: Diplopoda): implications for body axis determination in a myriapod

    Science.gov (United States)

    Janssen, Ralf

    2013-01-01

    Abnormally developing embryos (ADEs) of the common pill millipede Glomeris marginata have been investigated by means of nuclear staining and mRNA in situ hybridization. It showed that all ADEs represent cases of Duplicitas posterior, which means that the posterior body pole is duplicated. The severity of the duplication ranges from duplicated posterior trunk segments in one specimen to an almost completely duplicated specimen that only shares the very anterior head region. Remarkably, none of the encountered ADEs represents a case of Duplicitas anterior (duplicated anterior pole) or a case of Duplicitas cruciata (cruciate duplication with two anterior and two posterior poles). This observation is discussed in the light of earlier reports on G. marginata ADEs that claim to have found these abnormalities. The lack of any other axial abnormality aside from D. posterior implies that early axis determination in G. marginata, and possibly myriapods in general, underlies the developmental mechanisms that prevent the formation of any other type of axial duplication. It is proposed that the formation of D. posterior-type embryos could be caused by the formation of two instead of only one posterior cumulus early during development.

  5. Barcoding Fauna Bavarica: Myriapoda - a contribution to DNA sequence-based identifications of centipedes and millipedes (Chilopoda, Diplopoda).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spelda, Jörg; Reip, Hans S; Oliveira-Biener, Ulla; Melzer, Roland R

    2011-01-01

    We give a first account of our ongoing barcoding activities on Bavarian myriapods in the framework of the Barcoding Fauna Bavarica project and IBOL, the International Barcode of Life. Having analyzed 126 taxa (including 122 species) belonging to all major German chilopod and diplopod lineages, often using four or more specimens each, at the moment our species stock includes 82% of the diplopods and 65% of the chilopods found in Bavaria, southern Germany. The partial COI sequences allow correct identification of more than 95% of the current set of Bavarian species. Moreover, most of the myriapod orders and families appear as distinct clades in neighbour-joining trees, although the phylogenetic relationships between them are not always depicted correctly. We give examples of (1) high interspecific sequence variability among closely related species; (2) low interspecific variability in some chordeumatidan genera, indicating that recent speciations cannot be resolved with certainty using COI DNA barcodes; (3) high intraspecific variation in some genera, suggesting the existence of cryptic lineages; and (4) the possible polyphyly of some taxa, i.e. the chordeumatidan genus Ochogona. This shows that, in addition to species identification, our data may be useful in various ways in the context of species delimitations, taxonomic revisions and analyses of ongoing speciation processes.

  6. Barcoding Fauna Bavarica: Myriapoda – a contribution to DNA sequence-based identifications of centipedes and millipedes (Chilopoda, Diplopoda)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spelda, Jörg; Reip, Hans S.; Oliveira–Biener, Ulla; Melzer, Roland R.

    2011-01-01

    Abstract We give a first account of our ongoing barcoding activities on Bavarian myriapods in the framework of the Barcoding Fauna Bavarica project and IBOL, the International Barcode of Life. Having analyzed 126 taxa (including 122 species) belonging to all major German chilopod and diplopod lineages, often using four or more specimens each, at the moment our species stock includes 82% of the diplopods and 65% of the chilopods found in Bavaria, southern Germany. The partial COI sequences allow correct identification of more than 95% of the current set of Bavarian species. Moreover, most of the myriapod orders and families appear as distinct clades in neighbour-joining trees, although the phylogenetic relationships between them are not always depicted correctly. We give examples of (1) high interspecific sequence variability among closely related species; (2) low interspecific variability in some chordeumatidan genera, indicating that recent speciations cannot be resolved with certainty using COI DNA barcodes; (3) high intraspecific variation in some genera, suggesting the existence of cryptic lineages; and (4) the possible polyphyly of some taxa, i.e. the chordeumatidan genus Ochogona. This shows that, in addition to species identification, our data may be useful in various ways in the context of species delimitations, taxonomic revisions and analyses of ongoing speciation processes. PMID:22303099

  7. The review of the genus Serboiulus Strasser, 1962 (Diplopoda: Julida: Julidae, with description of a new species from Serbia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sekulić Tatjana Lj.

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The Balkan millipede genus Serboiulus Strasser, 1962, is reviewed, and a new species, S. kresnik n. sp, isdescribed. The new species differs from all other congeners in a number of gonopod details. The distribution of the species of Serboiulus is mapped and discussed. A new key is provided for all four currently known serboiulid species. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 173038

  8. A new cave-dwelling species of the genus Mesoiulus Berlese, 1886 (Diplopoda, Julida, Julidae) from Turkey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Antić, Dragan Ž; Çetin, Cemal Çağri; Turantepe, Ergin; Gürbüz, Mehmet Faruk

    2016-11-22

    A new cave-dwelling species of the poorly defined genus Mesoiulus Berlese, 1886, M. taurus sp. nov., is described from the Zindan Cave, Isparta, Western Taurides, Turkey. A brief discussion of the relationship between M. taurus sp. nov. and the most similar species (M. ciliciensis Strasser, 1975) is presented, as well as a map showing the distribution of the genus Mesoiulus in Turkey.

  9. A new East African genus of spirostreptid millipedes (Diplopoda, Spirostreptida, Spirostreptidae), with notes on their fungal ectoparasite Rickia gigas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Enghoff, Henrik

    2017-06-07

    The new genus Tropostreptus is erected to accommodate seven species which are all endemic in Tanzania: T. hamatus (Demange, 1977) (type species, = Spirostreptus hamatus Demange, 1977), T. sigmatospinus sp. nov., T. microcephalus sp. nov., T. droides sp. nov., T. kipunji spec. nov., T. austerus (Attems, 1950) (= Epistreptus austerus Attems, 1950) and T. severus sp. nov. All but one (T. sigmatospinus) of the species are restricted to the Eastern Arc Mts. in a wide sense, i.e., including Mt. Rungwe. Notes are included on Rickia gigas Santamaria et al., 2016 (Ascomycota: Laboulbeniales), which infects several Tropostreptus species. The typical, long-celled form of R. gigas grows on body parts of both sexes coming into contact during copulation, whereas a short-celled form also ascribed to R. gigas grows on the hind margin of body rings of both sexes. A key to Tropostreptus species is included.

  10. Review of the Spirobolida on Madagascar, with descriptions of twelve new genera, including three genera of 'fire millipedes' (Diplopoda

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thomas Wesener

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Twelve new genera and 37 new species of Spirobolida are described: Corallobolus cruentus gen. n., sp. n., Sanguinobolus maculosus gen. n., sp. n., Colossobolus semicyclus gen. n., sp. n., C. oblongopedus sp. n., C. giganteus sp. n., C. minor sp. n., C. litoralis sp. n., C. aculeatus sp. n., C. pseudoaculeatus sp. n., Zehntnerobolus gen. n., Flagellobolus pauliani gen. n., sp. n., Riotintobolus mandenensis gen. n., sp. n., R. minutus sp. n., R. aridus sp. n., R. anomalus sp. n., Pseudocentrobolus aureus gen. n., sp. n., P. vohibasiensis sp. n., Granitobolus endemicus gen. n., sp. n., G. andohahelensis sp. n., Caprobolus andringitra gen. n., sp. n., Alluviobolus laticlavius gen. n., sp. n., A. tsimelahy sp. n., A. antanosy sp. n., Ostinobolus rufus gen. n., sp. n., O. stellaris sp. n., O. montanus sp. n., O. subterraneus sp. n., and Hylekobolus brachiosauroides gen. n., sp. n., H. rufus sp. n., H. griseus sp. n., H. albicollaris sp. n., H. goodmani sp. n., H. montanus sp. n., H. analavelona sp. n., H. latifrons sp. n., H. andasibensis sp. n., H. marojejy sp. n., H. anjanaharibe sp. n. All genera and species are endemic to Madagascar. Hylekobolus belongs to the family Spirobolellidae, while all other Malagasy genera of Spirobolida belong to the Pachybolidae. Among them, only Zehntnerobolus gen. n. is based on a previously described species: Spirobolus rubripes de Saussure & Zehntner, 1897, whereas the remaining 11 new genera altogether contain (a total of 37 new species. Three of the new genera are large-bodied “fire millipedes” (>100 mm long with striking red/black colour patterns. The new discoveries increase the number of endemic Malagasy genera of Spirobolida more than fivefold (from 3 to 15. The number of endemic species recorded from Madagascar has more than doubled (to 61. Body length of the new species varies greatly (between 23 and 170 mm. Keys to all Malagasy Spirobolida families, genera, as well as the newly described species, are provided. Four species, Rhinocricus collaris de Saussure & Zehntner, 1897, Spirobolus grandidieri de Saussure & Zehntner, 1897, Spirobolus olympiaceus Karsch, 1881, and Spirobolus sikorae de Saussure & Zehntner, 1897 are only known from females and are listed as nomina dubia. Some genera occur in the dry or spiny forest as well as in the rainforest ecosystem; species, however, are restricted to a single habitat type. In the rainforest, up to six different genera were collected in the same individual forest. Numerous genera are adapted to a special ecological niche. A high proportion of species are microendemic, often to some tiny, highly endangered forests. Of special conservation concern are the species which occur only in Analavelona, Ambatotsirongorongo, the subhumid, globally unique littoral forest of Petriky and the littoral rainforests of Mandena and Sainte Luce.

  11. Adaptations and Predispositions of Different Middle European Arthropod Taxa (Collembola, Araneae, Chilopoda, Diplopoda to Flooding and Drought Conditions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrick Guhmann

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Floodplain forests and wetlands are amongst the most diverse and species rich habitats on earth. Arthropods are a key group for the high diversity pattern of these landscapes, due to the fact that the change between flooding and drought causes in different life cycles and in a variety of adaptations in the different taxa. The floodplain forests and wetlands of Central Amazonia are well investigated and over the last 50 years many adaptations of several hexapod, myriapod and arachnid orders were described. In contrast to Amazonia the Middle European floodplains were less investigated concerning the adaptations of arthropods to flood and drought conditions. This review summarizes the adaptations and predispositions of springtails, web spiders, millipedes and centipedes to the changeable flood and drought conditions of Middle European floodplain forests and wetlands. Furthermore the impact of regional climate change predictions like increasing aperiodic summer floods and the decrease of typical winter and spring floods are discussed in this article.

  12. Adaptations and Predispositions of Different Middle European Arthropod Taxa (Collembola, Araneae, Chilopoda, Diplopoda) to Flooding and Drought Conditions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marx, Michael Thomas; Guhmann, Patrick; Decker, Peter

    2012-10-18

    Floodplain forests and wetlands are amongst the most diverse and species rich habitats on earth. Arthropods are a key group for the high diversity pattern of these landscapes, due to the fact that the change between flooding and drought causes in different life cycles and in a variety of adaptations in the different taxa. The floodplain forests and wetlands of Central Amazonia are well investigated and over the last 50 years many adaptations of several hexapod, myriapod and arachnid orders were described. In contrast to Amazonia the Middle European floodplains were less investigated concerning the adaptations of arthropods to flood and drought conditions. This review summarizes the adaptations and predispositions of springtails, web spiders, millipedes and centipedes to the changeable flood and drought conditions of Middle European floodplain forests and wetlands. Furthermore the impact of regional climate change predictions like increasing aperiodic summer floods and the decrease of typical winter and spring floods are discussed in this article.

  13. Redescription of Lusitanipus alternans (Verhoeff, 1893) (Diplopoda, Callipoda, Dorypetalidae) and ecological data on its Laboulbeniales ectoparasites in caves

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    P. S. Reboleira, Ana Sofia; Enghoff, Henrik

    2015-01-01

    The Portuguese endemic callipodidan millipede Lusitanipus alternans (Verhoeff, 1893) is redescribed, based on abundant new material collected in caves of central Portugal. The species is illustrated with comprehensive SEM images. The relationships of the genus Lusitanipus Mauriès, 1978 to other...

  14. Two new species of the millipede family Blaniulidae (Diplopoda, Julida) from caves in central and southeastern Europe

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Antic, Dragan Z.; Mock, Andrej; Enghoff, Henrik

    2015-01-01

    Two new species, one each of the previously monotypic genera Cibiniulus Verhoeff, 1927, and Thassoblaniulus Mauriès, 1985, are described from caves in Slovakia and Albania, respectively: C. slovacus Antić, Mock & Enghoff, sp. n. and T. radjai Antić & Enghoff sp. n. Brief discussions on relationsh......Two new species, one each of the previously monotypic genera Cibiniulus Verhoeff, 1927, and Thassoblaniulus Mauriès, 1985, are described from caves in Slovakia and Albania, respectively: C. slovacus Antić, Mock & Enghoff, sp. n. and T. radjai Antić & Enghoff sp. n. Brief discussions...

  15. Revision of the genus Ommatoiulus Latzel, 1884 (Julida, Diplopoda in Portugal, with description of six new species

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nesrine Akkari

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available In this work we present a revision of the genus Ommatoiulus Latzel, 1884 in Portugal. Based on recently collected material and older museum samples, including type specimens, we describe six new species to science, viz. Ommatoiulus alacygni sp. nov., O. camurus sp. nov., O. denticulatus sp. nov., O. litoralis sp. nov., O. staglae sp. nov. and O. stellaris sp. nov. The species O. alacygni sp. nov., O. denticulatus sp. nov. and O. staglae sp. nov. described from the Algarve are outstanding by their extremely reduced mesomerital process. The species O. porathi (Verhoeff, 1893 and O. andalusius (Attems, 1927 are recorded and redescribed for the first time after their original description. The finding of O. andalusius – originally described from Andalusia in Spain – constitutes a new record for Portugal together with two species, viz. O. fuentei (Brolemann, 1920 and O. martensi Mauriès, 1969. The taxonomic status of several species is revised. Thus Archiulus (Schistocoxitus cingulatus Attems, 1927 is here considered as a junior synonym of Ommatoiulus lusitanus (Verhoeff, 1895 while Schizophyllum cervinum Verhoeff, 1910 is synonymized with Ommatoiulus moreleti (Lucas, 1860. An identification key to all hitherto known Portuguese species of Ommatoiulus is presented as well as a distribution map illustrating the various species occurrences in the country.

  16. Ecological traits and genetic variation in Amazonian populations of the neotropical millipede Poratia obliterata (Kraus, 1960) (Diplopoda: Pyrgodesmidae) (Brazil)

    OpenAIRE

    Bergholz, N.

    2006-01-01

    The periodic flood pulse of the Amazon River has been the main controlling factor in the local riverine ecosystem for at least two million years. The disturbance caused by the annual inundation is reflected in poorer species diversity in affected lowlands compared to upland areas. Seasonality of flooding, however, has enabled long-term acclimatisation in resident flora and fauna. Numerous adaptations, in some cases along with speciation, have evolved in local terrestrial invertebrates, such a...

  17. Phylogenetics of the millipede genus Brachycybe Wood, 1864 (Diplopoda: Platydesmida: Andrognathidae): patterns of deep evolutionary history and recent speciation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brewer, Michael S; Spruill, Chad L; Rao, Nandita S; Bond, Jason E

    2012-07-01

    The genus Brachycybe Wood is a little known group of millipedes comprising eight nominal species distributed throughout North America, Japan, South Korea, Taiwan, and China. The group's species are relatively morphologically homogenous and have been described primarily on the basis of differences in somatic morphology largely ignoring the often-used characters in millipede taxonomy and systematics - male genitalia (the gonopods). The objectives of this study were to survey male gonopods with the aim of evaluating inter-specific variation, assess existing species boundaries and phylogeny using molecular characters, examine the historical biogeography of the genus, and estimate the timing of lineage divergence using a molecular clock. We surveyed two mitochondrial genes (cytochrome c oxidase I and cytochrome b) and one nuclear protein-coding gene (glutamyl and prolyl-tRNA synthetase) each comprising 952, 746, and 555 aligned base pairs respectively. Phylogenetic inference coupled with an analysis of species delimitation using a generalized mixed Yule coalescent model recovered eight species, two of which were considered to be cryptic. Molecular dating analyses coupled with ancestral range reconstructions indicate that the group is quite ancient (age>50 million years) and its origins are likely traced back geographically to the mountains of California's Sierra Nevada and Coastal Ranges. The genus Brachycybe appears to have expanded its range at least twice out of present day California into eastern North America and at least once into Asia. This study highlights the need for integrative approaches to describe biodiversity and furthers the evidence for cryptic diversity even in groups where genitalia are generally thought to be rapidly evolving, diagnostic features. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  18. Chemical defense in millipedes (Myriapoda, Diplopoda): do representatives of the family Blaniulidae belong to the 'quinone' clade?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vujisić, Ljubodrag V; Antić, Dragan Ž; Vučković, Ivan M; Sekulić, Tatjana Lj; Tomić, Vladimir T; Mandić, Boris M; Tešević, Vele V; Ćurčić, Božidar P M; Vajs, Vlatka E; Makarov, Slobodan E

    2014-03-01

    The defensive secretions of two blaniulid millipedes, Nopoiulus kochii and Cibiniulus phlepsii, were characterized by GC-FID and GC/MS analyses, which showed the presence of a complex mixture of benzoquinones, hydroquinones, and oleates. Altogether, 13 compounds were identified. The major compound in the secretions of both analyzed species was 2-methyl-1,4-benzoquinone (toluquinone). The second major constituent in the N. kochii secretion was 2-methyl-3,4-(methylenedioxy)phenol, while in that of C. phlepsii, it was 2-methoxy-3-methyl-1,4-benzoquinone. The defensive secretion of N. kochii also showed a high content of hydroquinones (13.5%) in comparison to that of C. phlepsii (0.8%). Hexyl oleate and octyl oleate were detected for the first time in defensive millipede fluids. The chemical composition of the defensive secretions supports the chemotaxonomic position of the family Blaniulidae in the 'quinone' millipede clade. Copyright © 2014 Verlag Helvetica Chimica Acta AG, Zürich.

  19. Distribution of millipedes along an altitudinal gradient in the south of Lake Teletskoye, Altai Mts, Russia (Diplopoda).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nefedieva, Julia S; Nefediev, Pavel S; Sakhnevich, Miroslava B; Dyachkov, Yuri V

    2015-01-01

    The distribution of millipedes along an altitudinal gradient in the south of Lake Teletskoye, Altai, Russia based on new samples from the Kyga Profile sites, as well as on partly published and freshly revised material (Mikhaljova et al. 2007, 2008, 2014, Nefedieva and Nefediev 2008, Nefediev and Nefedieva 2013, Nefedieva et al. 2014), is established. The millipede diversity is estimated to be at least 15 species and subspecies from 10 genera, 6 families and three orders. The bulk of species diversity is confined both to low- and mid-mountain chern taiga forests and high-mountain shrub tundras, whereas the highest numbers, reaching up to 130 ind./m², is shown in subalpine Pinussibirica sparse growths. Based on clustering studied localities on species diversity similarity two groups of sites are defined: low-mountain sites and subalpine sparse growths of Pinussibirica ones.

  20. Developmental abnormalities in Glomeris marginata (Villers 1789) (Myriapoda: Diplopoda) : implications for body axis determination in a myriapod

    OpenAIRE

    Janssen, Ralf

    2013-01-01

    Abnormally developing embryos (ADEs) of the common pill millipede Glomeris marginata have been investigated by means of nuclear staining and mRNA in situ hybridization. It showed that all ADEs represent cases of Duplicitas posterior, which means that the posterior body pole is duplicated. The severity of the duplication ranges from duplicated posterior trunk segments in one specimen to an almost completely duplicated specimen that only shares the very anterior head region. Remarkably, none of...

  1. Swarming behaviour and mass occurrences in the world's largest ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    millipede species, Zoosphaerium neptunus, on Madagascar and its implication for conservation efforts (Diplopoda: Sphaerotheriida) ... Madagascar Conservation & Development ... KEY WORDS: Swarming behaviour, millipede, island gigantism.

  2. Hydrocarbons in the millipede Graphidostreptus tumuliporus (Karsch) (Myriapoda: Diplopoda)—I. In vivo incorporation of 14C-labelled precursors into the hydrocarbon fraction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Oudejans, R.C.H.M.

    1972-01-01

    1. 1. Biosynthesis of hydrocarbons in male and female specimens of the millipede Graphidostreptus tumuliporus was investigated after injection of the following precursors: 1-14C-acetate, 16-14C- and 1-14C-palmitic acid, isoleucine-14C(U), valine-14C(U) and mevalonic-2-14C acid. 2. 2. Both sexes

  3. Description of a new species and the karyotype of the cavernicolous millipede Pseudonannolene Silvestri and the karyotype of Pseudonannolene strinatti Mauriès (Diplopoda, Pseudonannolenida, Pseudonannolenidae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carmem Silvia Fontanetti

    1996-01-01

    Full Text Available Pseudonannolene tocaiensis, sp.n. is described from Brazil, São Paulo, Itirapina. The karyotypes of P. tocaiensis, sp.n. and P. strinatti Mauriès, 1974 are also presented, both species are found in cave environments. P. tocaiensis has 2n=20, XY and P. strinatti, 2n=16; it was not possible to observe the sex determination mechanism in the latter.

  4. Contributions to the millipede genus Nepalella Shear, 1979 from China, with four new species and first results on phylogeny based on DNA-barcoding (Diplopoda, Chordeumatida, Megalotylidae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Weixin; Wesener, Thomas; Golovatch, Sergei; Tian, Mingyi

    2017-03-16

    Four new species of the chordeumatidan millipede genus Nepalella Shear, 1979, family Megalotylidae, are described from caves in southern China: N. troglodytes sp. nov., N. lobata sp. nov., N. jinfoshan sp. nov., and N. wangi sp. nov. Three of them (except N. lobata sp. nov.) are presumed troglobites. Additional locality records of two cave congeners, N. caeca Shear, 1999 and N. grandoides Golovatch, Geoffroy & Mauriès, 2006, are also provided. DNA-barcoding based on the COI mitochondrial gene is documented in this genus and for species of the order Chordeumatida outside Europe for the first time. Interspecific p-distances between Nepalella species amount to 8.5-15.9%, while intraspecific p-distances are 0-6.8%. The species of Nepalella are found to show a surprisingly low genetic distance from the European genus Atractosoma Fanzago, 1876, family Craspedosomatidae Gray in Jones, 1843, potentially based on the very limited number of barcoding sequences of the order Chordeumatida being available.

  5. A new genus of mongoliulid millipedes from the Far East of Russia. With a list of species in the family (Diplopoda, Julida, Mongoliulidae)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Enghoff, Henrik; Jensen, Laura Mark; Mikhaljova, Elena V.

    2017-01-01

    The genus Koiulus gen. nov. and its type-species, Koiulus interruptus gen. et sp. nov., are described from the Russian Far East. The new genus is compared with other genera of Mongoliulidae, in particular with Ussuriiulus Golovatch, 1980, also from the Russian Far East, with which it shares the a...

  6. Redefinition of the millipede subgenus Megaphyllum sensu stricto Verhoeff, 1894 and neotype designation for Megaphyllum austriacum (Latzel, 1884) (Myriapoda: Diplopoda: Julida: Julidae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lazányi, Eszter; Vagalinski, Boyan

    2013-11-26

    Megaphyllum sensu stricto, i.e. the nominotypical subgenus of the very complicated genus Megaphyllum Verhoeff, 1894, is redefined on the basis of examination of type and non-type material and literature data. Four species-groups including twenty species in all are listed, and the identity of M. austriacum (C. L. Koch, 1838) is clarified with a proposal of neotype designation under ICZN Article 75.6. in order to stabilize the current usage of the name. Prevailing usage of M. silvaticum (Verhoeff, 1898) syn. nov. (nomen protectum) over the senior synonym M. nigrescens (Latzel, 1884) (nomen oblitum) is maintained under ICZN Article 23.9. M. banaticum (Verhoeff, 1899) is syn. nov. of M. erythronotum (Latzel, 1884) comb. nov., M. bosniense cotinophilum (Loksa, 1962) syn. nov. of M. bosniense bosniense (Verhoeff, 1897) and M. transsylvanicum transdanubicum (Loksa, 1962) syn. nov. of M. transsylvanicum transsylvanicum (Verhoeff, 1897). M. unilineatum (C. L. Koch, 1838) is new to the fauna of Turkey.

  7. Homologs of wingless and decapentaplegic display a complex and dynamic expression profile during appendage development in the millipede Glomeris marginata (Myriapoda: Diplopoda

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prpic Nikola-Michael

    2004-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The Drosophila genes wingless (wg and decapentaplegic (dpp comprise the top level of a hierarchical gene cascade involved in proximal-distal (PD patterning of the legs. It remains unclear, whether this cascade is common to the appendages of all arthropods. Here, wg and dpp are studied in the millipede Glomeris marginata, a representative of the Myriapoda. Results Glomeris wg (Gm-wg is expressed along the ventral side of the appendages compatible with functioning during the patterning of both the PD and dorsal-ventral (DV axes. Gm-wg may also be involved in sensory organ formation in the gnathal appendages by inducing the expression of Distal-less (Dll and H15 in the organ primordia. Expression of Glomeris dpp (Gm-dpp is found at the tip of the trunk legs as well as weakly along the dorsal side of the legs in early stages. Taking data from other arthropods into account, these results may be interpreted in favor of a conserved mode of WG/DPP signaling. Apart from the main PD axis, many arthropod appendages have additional branches (e.g. endites. It is debated whether these extra branches develop their PD axis via the same mechanism as the main PD axis, or whether branch-specific mechanisms exist. Gene expression in possible endite homologs in Glomeris argues for the latter alternative. Conclusion All available data argue in favor of a conserved role of WG/DPP morphogen gradients in guiding the development of the main PD axis. Additional branches in multibranched (multiramous appendage types apparently do not utilize the WG/DPP signaling system for their PD development. This further supports recent work on crustaceans and insects, that lead to similar conclusions.

  8. Homologs of wingless and decapentaplegic display a complex and dynamic expression profile during appendage development in the millipede Glomeris marginata (Myriapoda: Diplopoda).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prpic, Nikola-Michael

    2004-11-24

    BACKGROUND: The Drosophila genes wingless (wg) and decapentaplegic (dpp) comprise the top level of a hierarchical gene cascade involved in proximal-distal (PD) patterning of the legs. It remains unclear, whether this cascade is common to the appendages of all arthropods. Here, wg and dpp are studied in the millipede Glomeris marginata, a representative of the Myriapoda. RESULTS: Glomeris wg (Gm-wg) is expressed along the ventral side of the appendages compatible with functioning during the patterning of both the PD and dorsal-ventral (DV) axes. Gm-wg may also be involved in sensory organ formation in the gnathal appendages by inducing the expression of Distal-less (Dll) and H15 in the organ primordia. Expression of Glomeris dpp (Gm-dpp) is found at the tip of the trunk legs as well as weakly along the dorsal side of the legs in early stages. Taking data from other arthropods into account, these results may be interpreted in favor of a conserved mode of WG/DPP signaling. Apart from the main PD axis, many arthropod appendages have additional branches (e.g. endites). It is debated whether these extra branches develop their PD axis via the same mechanism as the main PD axis, or whether branch-specific mechanisms exist. Gene expression in possible endite homologs in Glomeris argues for the latter alternative. CONCLUSION: All available data argue in favor of a conserved role of WG/DPP morphogen gradients in guiding the development of the main PD axis. Additional branches in multibranched (multiramous) appendage types apparently do not utilize the WG/DPP signaling system for their PD development. This further supports recent work on crustaceans and insects, that lead to similar conclusions.

  9. Arthropod phylogenetics in light of three novel millipede (myriapoda: diplopoda) mitochondrial genomes with comments on the appropriateness of mitochondrial genome sequence data for inferring deep level relationships.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brewer, Michael S; Swafford, Lynn; Spruill, Chad L; Bond, Jason E

    2013-01-01

    Arthropods are the most diverse group of eukaryotic organisms, but their phylogenetic relationships are poorly understood. Herein, we describe three mitochondrial genomes representing orders of millipedes for which complete genomes had not been characterized. Newly sequenced genomes are combined with existing data to characterize the protein coding regions of myriapods and to attempt to reconstruct the evolutionary relationships within the Myriapoda and Arthropoda. The newly sequenced genomes are similar to previously characterized millipede sequences in terms of synteny and length. Unique translocations occurred within the newly sequenced taxa, including one half of the Appalachioria falcifera genome, which is inverted with respect to other millipede genomes. Across myriapods, amino acid conservation levels are highly dependent on the gene region. Additionally, individual loci varied in the level of amino acid conservation. Overall, most gene regions showed low levels of conservation at many sites. Attempts to reconstruct the evolutionary relationships suffered from questionable relationships and low support values. Analyses of phylogenetic informativeness show the lack of signal deep in the trees (i.e., genes evolve too quickly). As a result, the myriapod tree resembles previously published results but lacks convincing support, and, within the arthropod tree, well established groups were recovered as polyphyletic. The novel genome sequences described herein provide useful genomic information concerning millipede groups that had not been investigated. Taken together with existing sequences, the variety of compositions and evolution of myriapod mitochondrial genomes are shown to be more complex than previously thought. Unfortunately, the use of mitochondrial protein-coding regions in deep arthropod phylogenetics appears problematic, a result consistent with previously published studies. Lack of phylogenetic signal renders the resulting tree topologies as suspect. As such, these data are likely inappropriate for investigating such ancient relationships.

  10. A mountain of millipedes VI. New records, new species, a new genus, and a general discussion of Odontopygidae from the Udzungwa Mts, Tanzania (Diplopoda, Spirostreptida, Odontopygidae)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Enghoff, Henrik

    2018-01-01

    Damacornu gen. nov. (type species: D. transversum gen. et sp. nov.), Geotypodon papei sp. nov. and Spinotarsus fortehamatus sp. nov. are described, and Helicochetus dimidiatus (Peters, 1855), H. mutaba Kraus, 1960 and Hoffmanides dissutus (Hoffman, 1963) are recorded from the Udzungwa Mts, Tanzan...

  11. The aberrant millipede genus Pteridoiulus and its position in a revised molecular phylogeny of the family Julidae (Diplopoda : Julida)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Enghoff, Henrik; Petersen, Gitte; Seberg, Ole

    2013-01-01

    MAFTTand run inTNT both with gaps treated as a fifth state, and as missing, and finally the alignments were used as input in a maximum likelihood (ML) analysis. The order Julida and the family Julidae were recovered as monophyletic under all weight sets in POY, as well as in the TNT andMLanalyses. Likewise...

  12. Highly disjunct and highly infected millipedes – a new cave-dwelling species of Chiraziulus (Diplopoda: Spirostreptida: Cambalidae) from Iran and notes on Laboulbeniales ectoparasites

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    P. S. Reboleira, Ana Sofia; Malek Hosseini, M.J.; Sadeghi, S.

    2015-01-01

    Chiraziulus is a highly disjunct, hitherto monotypic genus of cambalid millipedes, geographically isolated in Iran by more than 7000 km from its presumed closest relatives in East Asia and North America. Recent fieldwork in caves of Iran has provided several specimens of this genus, allowing the ...... time in the genus Cambala. The patterns and prevalence of the infection with a species of ectoparasitic fungus of the genus Rickia (order Laboulbeniales) in the type material of C. kaiseri is described. An updated review of the cave-adapted fauna of Iran is given....

  13. A new species of Tarracoblaniulus Mauriès & Vicente, 1977: description, postembryonic development, life cycle, and spatial distribution (Diplopoda, Julida, Blaniulidae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martínez, H.

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Tarracoblaniulus phantasmanus n. sp. is described from Tarragona province, Spain and compared with the only known other species known in the genus, T. lagari Mauriès & Vicente, 1977, from which it differs mainly in having only 5, instead of 15 or more, straight spines on the posterior gonopod. The female vulva (unknown in T. lagari is very different from all known blaniulid vulvae. Based on a large number of specimens, the postembryonic development (euanamorphosis from stadium II onward is described. This is highly variable, with three to six apodous body rings in stadium IV, which is the most variable number so far recorded in Blaniulidae. Accordingly, specimens beyond stadium VIII could not be assigned to a specific stadium. At least some males are morphologically distinguishable in stadium IV, morphologically mature males appear in stadium VIII, possibly already in stadium VII. The life cycle of the new species is tentatively suggested to involve at least three years. The monthly mean density of the total population was 28.82 ind/m2 across the whole soil profile. Statistically significant differences in density values between months and Spearman’s rank correlation analyses between the monthly mean values of density and temperature show that T. phantasmanus presents a maximum density in the coldest months and a minimum one in the summer. Significant differences between monthly mean densities of different soil levels and the Usher index values show that during the spring and summer T. phantasmanus is concentrated in the mineral horizon A. In autumn, during winter and up to early spring, the population shows a clear tendency to move up towards horizon H and horizon L/F. Concerning horizontal distribution, Morisita index monthly values for each of the horizons indicate that the species is distributed in patches.Se describe Tarracoblaniulus phantasmanus n. sp., especie encontrada en la provincia de Tarragona (España, y se compara con la única especie conocida del género, T. lagari Mauriès & Vicente, 1977, de la cual difiere principalmente por tener sólo 5 espinas, en lugar de 15 o más, en el gonópodo posterior. La vulva de la hembra (desconocida en T. lagari es muy distinta a todas las vulvas conocidas de blaniúlidos. En base a los numerosos ejemplares disponibles, se describe asimismo el desarrollo postembrionario (euanamorphosis a partir del estadio II. Este desarrollo se manifiesta muy variable, con tres a seis anillos ápodos en el tronco del estadio IV, número que con mucho es el más elevado encontrado en Blaniulidae. De acuerdo con estos resultados, los ejemplares pertenecientes a estadios posteriores al VII no pueden ser asignados a un estadio específico. Algunos machos son morfológicamente distinguibles en el estadio IV y los machos morfológicamente maduros aparecen en el estadio VIII y posiblemente ya lo sean en el estadio VII. El ciclo vital de la nueva especie parece sugerir una duración de al menos tres años. La densidad mensual media registrada para el total de la población es de 28.82 ind/m2 en el conjunto del perfil edáfico. Diferencias estadísticamente significativas entre los valores de densidad mensuales y el análisis de correlación de rango de Spearman entre la densidad mensual media y la temperatura muestran que T. phantasmanus presenta una densidad máxima en los meses más fríos y un valor mínimo durante el verano. Diferencias siginificativas entre las densidades mensuales medias registradas en los distintos horizontes edáficos y los valores del índice de Usher, ponen de manifiesto que durante la primavera y el verano T. phantasmanus se situa principalmente en el horizonte mineral A. Durante el otoño, el invierno y hasta principios de la primavera, la población muestra una clara tendencia a ocupar los horizontes superiores H y L/F. En cuanto a la distribución horizontal, los valores mensuales del índice de Morisita obtenidos para cada uno de los horizontes indican que la especie tiene una distribución agregativa.

  14. Infectious intimacy and contaminated caves—three new species of ectoparasitic fungi (Ascomycota: Laboulbeniales) from blaniulid millipedes (Diplopoda: Julida) and inferences about their transmittal mechanisms

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Enghoff, Henrik; Santamaria, S.

    2015-01-01

    Laboulbeniales is an order of more than 2000 species of small ascomycete fungi which are ectoparasites of insects, millipedes and mites. They are often highly hostspecific and often are also highly specific with regard to which body parts they infect. Laboulbeniales from millipedes are particularly...... poorly known—only 12 species have been described until now, mostly from Europe. Here, we describe the first laboulbeniaceous parasites from blaniulid millipedes: Troglomyces bilabiatus from Acipes spp., Troglomyces pusillus from Iberoiulus cavernicola Ceuca, 1967 and Troglomyces triandrus from...... Archiboreoiulus palidus (Brade-Birks, 1920). The generic description of Troglomyces is emended. Different types of site specificity of the three new parasites, as well as of previously described species, are explained in terms of aspects of host biology: mating behaviour and habitat. Species from epigean hosts...

  15. A new genus and species of Haplobainosomatidae (Diplopoda: Chordeumatida) from the MSS of the Sierra de Guadarrama National Park, central Spain

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gilgado, J.D.; Ledesma, E.; Enghoff, Henrik

    2017-01-01

    gonopods of this species are so different from all other known species of the family that it must be placed in a new genus. In this work, a complete description of the species, named as Guadarramasoma ramosae gen. & sp. nov., with a detailed iconography based on scanning electron microscopy images...

  16. Arthropod phylogenetics in light of three novel millipede (myriapoda: diplopoda mitochondrial genomes with comments on the appropriateness of mitochondrial genome sequence data for inferring deep level relationships.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael S Brewer

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Arthropods are the most diverse group of eukaryotic organisms, but their phylogenetic relationships are poorly understood. Herein, we describe three mitochondrial genomes representing orders of millipedes for which complete genomes had not been characterized. Newly sequenced genomes are combined with existing data to characterize the protein coding regions of myriapods and to attempt to reconstruct the evolutionary relationships within the Myriapoda and Arthropoda. RESULTS: The newly sequenced genomes are similar to previously characterized millipede sequences in terms of synteny and length. Unique translocations occurred within the newly sequenced taxa, including one half of the Appalachioria falcifera genome, which is inverted with respect to other millipede genomes. Across myriapods, amino acid conservation levels are highly dependent on the gene region. Additionally, individual loci varied in the level of amino acid conservation. Overall, most gene regions showed low levels of conservation at many sites. Attempts to reconstruct the evolutionary relationships suffered from questionable relationships and low support values. Analyses of phylogenetic informativeness show the lack of signal deep in the trees (i.e., genes evolve too quickly. As a result, the myriapod tree resembles previously published results but lacks convincing support, and, within the arthropod tree, well established groups were recovered as polyphyletic. CONCLUSIONS: The novel genome sequences described herein provide useful genomic information concerning millipede groups that had not been investigated. Taken together with existing sequences, the variety of compositions and evolution of myriapod mitochondrial genomes are shown to be more complex than previously thought. Unfortunately, the use of mitochondrial protein-coding regions in deep arthropod phylogenetics appears problematic, a result consistent with previously published studies. Lack of phylogenetic signal renders the resulting tree topologies as suspect. As such, these data are likely inappropriate for investigating such ancient relationships.

  17. The millipede genus Cylindroiulus Verhoeff, 1894 in north-west Spain and northern Portugal: Recent records and descriptions of four new species (Diplopoda, Julida, Julidae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Read, H. J.

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Recent collections of millipedes from north-west Spain and northern Portugal have yielded 11 species of the genus Cylindroiulus. Four species are described as new (C. anglilectus, C. boreoibericus, C. gregoryi, C. ventanaea, three species are new to Spain –C. britannicus (Verhoeff, 1891, C. fenestratus Read, 1989, C. dahli Demange, 1970– and two are recorded for the Iberian mainland for the first time having previously been found on the Atlantic islands: C. truncorum (Silvestri, 1896 in Portugal and C. dahli in Spain. Notes are given on the relationship between the new species and those previously described, including those endemic to the Madeiran archipelago. A key to species likely to be found in the northwest of the Iberian pensinsula is presented.Recientes recolecciones de miriápodos del noroeste de España y norte de Portugal han permitido obtener 11 especies del género Cylindroiulus. Se describen cuatro nuevas especies (C. anglilectus, C. boreoibericus, C. gregoryi, C. ventanaea, tres nuevas citas para España –C. britannicus (Verhoeff, 1891, C. fenestratus Read, 1989, C. dahli Demange, 1970–, y dos especies son citadas por primera vez en la Península Ibérica, tras haber sido previamente descritas en islas atlánticas: C. truncorum (Silvestre, 1896 en Portugal y C. dahli en España. Se incluyen notas sobre relaciones de las especies nuevas con otras previamente descritas, incluidas algunas endémicas del archipiélago de Madeira. Se presenta una clave de especies de probable aparición en el noroeste de la Peninsula Iberica.

  18. Review of the millipede genus Sibiriulus Gulička, 1972, with descriptions of three new species from Altai, Siberia, Russia (Diplopoda, Julida, Julidae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mikhaljova, Elena V; Nefediev, Pavel S; Nefedieva, Julia S; Sakhnevich, Miroslava B; Dyachkov, Yuri V

    2014-09-22

    The genus Sibiriulus Gulička, 1963, which has hitherto been known to comprise only four species, is rediagnosed and shown to include seven species from Siberia, Russia. Three species are described here as new to science: S. latisupremus sp. nov., S. baigazanensis sp. nov., S. aktashensis sp. nov. The species Sibiriulus profugus (Stuxberg, 1876) is recorded in the fauna of the Altai Province and the Republic of Altai for the first time. All currently known species of Sibiriulus are keyed and mapped, including the new species.

  19. East African odontopygid millipedes 2: A new, geographically disjunct species of Chaleponcus (Attems 1914) from the Pare Mts., Tanzania (Diplopoda, Spirostreptida, Odontopygidae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frederiksen, Sara B

    2013-01-01

    Chaleponcus parensis n. sp., found in the North Pare Mountains, Tanzania, is described. The find is remarkable due to its geographically disjunct location, being at least 1500 km as the crow flies to the nearest valid record in Zimbabwe of a Chaleponcus.

  20. Two new giant pill-millipede species of the genus Zoosphaerium endemic to the Bemanevika area in northern Madagascar (Diplopoda, Sphaerotheriida, Arthrosphaeridae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sagorny, Christina; Wesener, Thomas

    2017-05-09

    Madagascar is one of the world's most important hotspots of biodiversity and a center for localized endemism. Among the highly endemic faunal elements are the giant pill-millipedes, order Sphaerotheriida, which are severely understudied in Madagascar. Here we provide descriptions of two new species of endemic giant-pill millipedes of the genus Zoosphaerium Pocock, 1895: Zoosphaerium bemanevika n. sp. and Zoosphaerium minutus n. sp.. Zoosphaerium bemanevika n. sp. belongs to the Z. coquerelianum species-group, while Z. minutus n. sp. is not assignable to a species-group. An updated key to the 19 species of the Z. coquerelianum group is provided. Zoosphaerium minutus n. sp. has a body length of island gigantism. The two newly described species are not closely related to one another but each to different species from the Marojejy Mountain and the lowland rainforest of the east coast. Both species occur sympatrically as microendemics in small patches of humid evergreen forest near Bemanevika in northern Madagascar, an only recently protected area that represents a Malagasy center of endemism.

  1. Homologs of wingless and decapentaplegic display a complex and dynamic expression profile during appendage development in the millipede Glomeris marginata (Myriapoda: Diplopoda)

    OpenAIRE

    Prpic Nikola-Michael

    2004-01-01

    Abstract Background The Drosophila genes wingless (wg) and decapentaplegic (dpp) comprise the top level of a hierarchical gene cascade involved in proximal-distal (PD) patterning of the legs. It remains unclear, whether this cascade is common to the appendages of all arthropods. Here, wg and dpp are studied in the millipede Glomeris marginata, a representative of the Myriapoda. Results Glomeris wg (Gm-wg) is expressed along the ventral side of the appendages compatible with functioning during...

  2. « Salvation addiction » : vers une vision post-confessionnelle de la mère dans la poésie de Sharon Olds

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erik MARTINY

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Après avoir mis à jour ce que nous entendons par le complexe d’Athéna à l’œuvre dans la poésie de Sharon Olds, cet article se penche sur l’important corpus de poèmes qu’Olds a consacré à la figure de la mère car la manifestation monstrueuse du père dans son œuvre a conduit la critique à s’intéresser de manière exclusive à ses représentations du père. Dans le cadre de cette thématique, l’esthétique d’Olds est contextualisée au sein de la poésie postconfessionnelle aux Etats-Unis.After having outlined what I call the Athena complex thematized in Sharon Olds’s poetry, this article attempts to shed some light on the sizeable number of poems Olds has devoted to mother figures as her monstrous depictions of the father have caused criticism of her work to focus exclusively on representations of the father. Within the framework of this subject matter, Olds’s aesthetic is contextualized by the postconfessional trend in American poetry.

  3. Uso de la tierra y diversidades alfa, beta y gamma de diplópodos en la cuenca del río Otún, Colombia

    OpenAIRE

    Alexander Feijoo-Martínez; Julián Bueno-Villegas; Darío Hernán Ruíz-Cobo

    2010-01-01

    Land use and alpha, beta, and gamma diversity of Diplopoda in the Otún basin, Colombia. Objective: To determine the relationshipbetween changes in ecosystems and agrosystems provoked by human intervention and the alpha, beta and gamma diversity of theDiplopoda in the middle basin of the Otún river. Materials and methods: In this research we used a stratified systematic design with sevensampling windows and 16 sampling points. Millipedes were divided into families and morphotypes to calculate ...

  4. Revolving SEM images visualising 3D taxonomic characters: application to six species of the millipede genus Ommatoiulus Latzel, 1884, with description of seven new species and an interactive key to the Tunisian members of the genus (Diplopoda, Julida, Julidae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akkari, Nesrine; Cheung, David Koon-Bong; Enghoff, Henrik; Stoev, Pavel

    2013-01-01

    A novel illustration technique based on scanning electron microscopy is used for the first time to enhance taxonomic descriptions. The male genitalia (gonopods) of six species of millipedes are used for construction of interactive imaging models. Each model is a compilation of a number of SEM images taken consecutively while rotating the SEM stage 360°, which allows the structure in question to be seen from all angles of view in one plane. Seven new species of the genus Ommatoiulus collected in Tunisia are described: Ommatoiulus chambiensis, Ommatoiulus crassinigripes, Ommatoiulus kefi, Ommatoiulus khroumiriensis, Ommatoiulus xerophilus, Ommatoiulus xenos, and Ommatoiulus zaghouani spp. n. Size differences between syntopic adult males of Ommatoiulus chambiensis and Ommatoiulus xerophilus spp. n. from Châambi Mountain are illustrated using scatter diagrams. A similar diagram is used to illustrate size differences in Ommatoiulus crassinigripes, Ommatoiulus khroumiriensis spp. n. and Ommatoiulus punicus (Brölemann, 1894). In addition to morphological differences, the latter three species display allopatric distribution and different habitat preferences. A dichotomous interactive key with a high visual impact and an intuitive user interface is presented to serve identification of the 12 Ommatoiulus species so far known from Tunisia. Updates on the North African Ommatoiulus fauna in general are presented.

  5. Daily activities of the giant pill-millipede Zephronia cf. viridescens Attems, 1936 (Diplopoda: Sphaerotheriida: Zephroniidae) in a deciduous forest in Northern Thailand

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wongthamwanich, Nattarin; Panha, Somsak; Sitthicharoenchai, Duangkhae

    2012-01-01

    of millipedes fed throughout the day under the leaf litter. Walking activity was significantly higher in males than females throughout the day. Compared to males, females rested more during the night and fed more during the day. Average daily distances moved were significantly higher in males than females...

  6. The expression of the proximodistal axis patterning genes Distal-less and dachshund in the appendages of Glomeris marginata (Myriapoda: Diplopoda) suggests a special role of these genes in patterning the head appendages.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prpic, Nikola-Michael; Tautz, Diethard

    2003-08-01

    The genes Distal-less, dachshund, extradenticle, and homothorax have been shown in Drosophila to be among the earliest genes that define positional values along the proximal-distal (PD) axis of the developing legs. In order to study PD axis formation in the appendages of the pill millipede Glomeris marginata, we have isolated homologues of these four genes and have studied their expression patterns. In the trunk legs, there are several differences to Drosophila, but the patterns are nevertheless compatible with a conserved role in defining positional values along the PD axis. However, their role in the head appendages is apparently more complex. Distal-less in the mandible and maxilla is expressed in the forming sensory organs and, thus, does not seem to be involved in PD axis patterning. We could not identify in the mouthparts components that are homologous to the distal parts of the trunk legs and antennnae. Interestingly, there is also a transient premorphogenetic expression of Distal-less in the second antennal and second maxillary segment, although no appendages are eventually formed in these segments. The dachshund gene is apparently involved both in PD patterning as well as in sensory organ development in the antenna, maxilla, and mandible. Strong dachshund expression is specifically correlated with the tooth-like part of the mandible, a feature that is shared with other mandibulate arthropods. homothorax is expressed in the proximal and medial parts of the legs, while extradenticle RNA is only seen in the proximal region. This overlap of expression corresponds to the functional overlap between extradenticle and homothorax in Drosophila.

  7. Evolution of dorsal-ventral axis formation in arthropod appendages: H15 and optomotor-blind/bifid-type T-box genes in the millipede Glomeris marginata (Myriapoda: Diplopoda).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prpic, Nikola-Michael; Janssen, Ralf; Damen, Wim G M; Tautz, Diethard

    2005-01-01

    In Drosophila, the T-box genes optomotor-blind (omb) and H15 have been implicated in specifying the development of the dorso-ventral (DV) axis of the appendages. Results from the spider Cupiennius salei have suggested that this DV patterning system may be at least partially conserved. Here we extend the study of the DV patterning genes omb and H15 to a representative of the Myriapoda in order to add to the existing comparative data set and to gain further insight into the evolution of the DV patterning system in arthropod appendages. The omb gene of the millipede Glomeris marginata is expressed on the dorsal side of all appendages including trunk legs, maxillae, mandibles, and antennae. This is similar to what is known from Drosophila and Cupiennius and suggests that the role of omb in instructing dorsal fates is conserved in arthropods. Interestingly, the lobe-shaped portions of the mouthparts do not express omb, indicating that these are ventral components and thus may be homologous to the endites present in the corresponding appendages in insects. Concerning the H15 gene we were able to identify two paralogous genes in Glomeris. Both genes are expressed in the sensory organs of the maxilla and antenna, but only Gm-H15-1 is expressed along the ventral side of the trunk legs. The expression is more extensive than in Cupiennius, but less so than in Drosophila. In addition, no ventral expression domain is present in the maxilla, mandible, and antenna. Because of this, the role of H15 in the determination of ventral fate remains unclear.

  8. East African odontopygid millipedes 4: A restricted redefinition of the genus Rhamphidarpoides Kraus, 1960, a related new genus, five new species, and notes on solenomere function (Diplopoda; Spirostreptida; Odontopygidae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frederiksen, Sara B; Enghoff, Henrik

    2015-03-09

    Based mainly on morphology of the solenomere, a restricted redefinition of the millipede genus Rhamphidarpoides Kraus, 1960, is given. R. aberdarei (Brolemann, 1920), R. aloysiisabaudiae (Silvestri, 1907), R. alticolus (Brolemann, 1920), R. austrosudanicus n.sp., (South Sudan), R. collinus n.sp., (Kenya), R. cyclopyge (Attems, 1935), R. filigerus (Attems,1938), R. kenyanus (Brolemann, 1920), R. kilimanjaronus (Attems, 1909) n. comb. ex Odontopyge, R. lobiferus (Attems, 1938), R. milobontei Pierrard, 1970, R. pectinatus n.sp., (Kenya), R. regina (Carl, 1909), and R. ruandensis Kraus, 1960, are referred to Rhamphidarpoides in the restricted sense. Raduliverpa n.gen. is described to accommodate R. serpentispina n.sp. (TYPE SPECIES; Tanzania, Kenya), R. mitis n.sp. (Tanzania). R. serrata (Kraus, 1960), n.comb. ex Rhamphidarpoides, and R. sicaria (Attems, 1935) n. comb. ex Prionopetalum. Rhamphidarpe aculeata Attems, 1938, Rhamphidarpe armata Attems, 1938, Rhamphidarpoides bidens Kraus, 1960, Rhamphidarpoides bidenticulatus Pierrard, 1970, and Odontopyge winspearei Silvestri, 1907, are excluded from Rhamphidarpoides and placed incertae sedis.

  9. Review of the genus Ommatoiulus in Andalusia, Spain (Diplopoda: Julida) with description of ten new species and notes on a remarkable gonopod structure, the fovea

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Akkari, Nesrine; Enghoff, Henrik

    2012-01-01

    diplurus mauriesi Hoffman, 1975, are regarded as junior synonyms of Ommatoiulus diplurus (Attems, 1903), n.syn. Schizophyllum dorsovittatum estrellanum Verhoeff, 1910, and S. calatravanum Brolemann, 1920, are junior synonyms of Ommatoiulus dorsovittatus (Verhoeff, 1893), n.syn. Schizophyllum nivale...

  10. Morphological and mitochondrial DNA data reshuffle the taxonomy of the genera em>Atopochetus> Attems, Litostrophus Chamberlin and em>Tonkinbolus> Verhoeff (Diplopoda: Spirobolida: Pachybolidae), with descriptions of nine new species

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pimvichai, Piyatida; Enghoff, Henrik; Panha, Somsak

    2018-01-01

    Species-level taxonomy and phylogeny of two genera of South-East (SE) Asian pachybolid millipedes are analysed with a combination of morphological characters and DNA sequences (two mitochondrial gene fragments: COI and 16S rRNA). Strong support is found for the genera Litostrophus Chamberlin, 192...

  11. Genus Leptoiulus Verhoeff, 1894 new to the fauna of the Asian part of Russia, with description of a new species from the Altai and its comparison with the European Leptoiulus trilineatus (C.L. Koch, 1847) (Diplopoda, Julida, Julidae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mikhaljova, Elena V; Nefediev, Pavel S; Nefedieva, Julia S; Dyachkov, Yuri V

    2015-06-22

    The diplopod genus Leptoiulus Verhoeff, 1894 is new to the fauna of the Asian part of Russia, due to the discovery of        L. tigirek sp. nov. from the south-western part of the Altai Province, Siberia. A description of the new species and information on its habitats, numbers and locomotor activity as well as comparison with the European Leptoiulus trilineatus (C.L. Koch, 1847) are presented.

  12. The expression of the proximodistal axis patterning genes Distal-less and dachshund in the appendages of Glomeris marginata (Myriapoda: Diplopoda) suggests a special role of these genes in patterning the head appendages

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Prpic, Nikola-Michael; Tautz, Diethard

    2003-01-01

    ...) axis of the developing legs. In order to study PD axis formation in the appendages of the pill millipede Glomeris marginata, we have isolated homologues of these four genes and have studied their expression patterns...

  13. Learning for Living: A Program Prepared for Use in a Group Home for Children. Leader's Guide (Experimental Edition).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gordon, Marlene

    This report describes an Education for Parenthood demonstration program developed by the Salvation Army for teenagers living at a Salvation Army children's home in Philadelphia. Weekly sessions, held over a 6-month period, emphasized self-esteem, knowledge about children, and career development in the child care field. Firsthand experience in a…

  14. Verlossing: van Pelagius tot Joseph Smith

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H.F. van Wyk

    2010-07-01

      During this time Joseph Smith started to seek the true church and founded the Mormon Church. Although his theology differs quite strongly from the Methodist Church in which he grew up, the core of the way of salvation is the same: man has free will in choosing his salvation.

  15. Origen of Alexandria: The study of the Scriptures as transformation ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Test

    2011-06-07

    Jun 7, 2011 ... Origen emphasised the crucial importance of human will and freedom in the process of salvation. In this process the good is 'appropriated'13 against the common determinism of Hellenistic culture (astrology) and the Gnostic view, according to which salvation was determined by one's make up (as gnostics, ...

  16. Efecto de extractos de artrópodos sobre la multiplicación del Toxoplasma gondii dentro de macrófagos peritoneales de ratón

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Misael Chinchilla Carmona

    2003-06-01

    Full Text Available Treatment of toxoplasmosis usually causes secondary effects. It is important to find active substances extracted from natural organisms. In this work we studied some arthropod extracts that have effect against Toxoplasma multiplication inside mouse macrophages. After studying 382 extracts, 23 were selected on the basis of the activity and we found that 13 extracts from orders Polydesmida, Lepidoptera, Orthoptera and Hymenoptera exerted an important inhibition of Toxoplasma multiplication.

  17. Efecto de extractos de artrópodos sobre la multiplicación del Toxoplasma gondii dentro de macrófagos peritoneales de ratón

    OpenAIRE

    Chinchilla Carmona, Misael; Herrera Corrales, Marlen; Guerrero Bermúdez, Marta Olga; Jiménez Somarribas, Alberto; Tamayo, Guiselle; Sittenfeld Appel, Ana; Nielsen, Vanessa; Hurtado, Priscila

    2014-01-01

    Treatment of toxoplasmosis usually causes secondary effects. It is important to find active substances extracted from natural organisms. In this work we studied some arthropod extracts that have effect against Toxoplasma multiplication inside mouse macrophages. After studying 382 extracts, 23 were selected on the basis of the activity and we found that 13 extracts from orders Polydesmida, Lepidoptera, Orthoptera and Hymenoptera exerted an important inhibition of Toxoplasma multiplication. ...

  18. Diseño y moderación de entornos virtuales de aprendizaje, Juan Silva Quiroz. Prólogo de Begoña Gros Salvat : 1º edición en lengua castellana, Editorial UOC, diciembre de 2011. 157 páginas, ISBN 978-84-9788-936-6

    OpenAIRE

    González, Alejandro Héctor

    2012-01-01

    Esta publicación presenta y trabaja el concepto de diseño de entorno virtual de aprendizaje, enfatiza en la importancia del entorno y el contexto para el aprendizaje. El libro aporta orientaciones para los profesores que deseen integrar un espacio virtual en alguna de las modalidades: apoyo a la presencial, sistemas híbridos (b-learning) y también e-learning

  19. Graça, salvação e teologia da sustentabilidade como tema da teologia wesleyana: discussões, acentos e contribuições = Grace, salvation and theology of sustainability as the theme ofwesleyan theology: discussions, accents and contributions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renders, Helmut

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available O artigo apresenta e discute as contribuições da teologia wesleyana para a discussão teológica da sustentabilidade. Ele relaciona os três ambientes da sustentabilidade (economia, social e meio ambiente com os discursos teológicos sobre a Trindade econômica, a ecumene e a ecologia, propõe interpretar a terra “gaia” como sacramento e explora uma característica do método teologia wesleyana brasileira, a inclusão do elemento da criação no chamado quadrilátero brasileiro

  20. Verlossing: van Pelagius tot Joseph Smith

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H.F. van Wyk

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Salvation: from Pelagius to Joseph Smith Every Christian church believes that she is a true church and proclaims that man can be saved and has eternal life. This dogma of salvation is usually based on the Bible as the Word of God. Mormons claim that Joseph Smith, founder and first president of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints, received a divine message to restore the church that Jesus had started.  In studying the plan of salvation the Mormons proclaim it is quite clear that that way of salvation was not restored in their church, but that it followed a pattern of false doctrine that was revealed time and again in history.  The core of their preaching of salvation is that man has the free will to choose his own salvation. Mormons are not the first to preach this message. This article will show that Pelagius oisty-kated the free will of man. In the Reformation the Anabaptists preached the same message, being a third movement next to the reformed and Roman Catholic believes. The Anabaptists became part of the churches of the Netherlands and at the Synod of Dordt the theology of the free will was rejected and answered.  The dogma of the free will of man did not end at this Synod: 150 years later John Wesley preached the same message of salvation during his and Whitefield’s campaigns at the dawn of the nineteenth century in the USA.  During this time Joseph Smith started to seek the true church and founded the Mormon Church. Although his theology differs quite strongly from the Methodist Church in which he grew up, the core of the way of salvation is the same: man has free will in choosing his salvation.

  1. Laboulbeniales on millipedes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Santamaria, Sergi; Enghoff, Henrik; P. S. Reboleira, Ana Sofia

    2014-01-01

    The genera Diplopodomyces and Troglomyces (Laboulbeniales, Ascomycota) parasitizing millipedes (Diplopoda) are reviewed. We describe four new species: D. lusitanipodos parasitic on Lusitanipus from Portugal and on Cyphocallipus from Spain, D. veneris on Lusitanipus from Portugal, T. botryandrus o...... studied, their descriptions are revised and a neotype for T. manfrediae is designated. New records from Italy are given for D. callipodos and T. manfrediae. Key words: Ascomycota, caves, Iberian Peninsula, Italy, parasitic fungi......The genera Diplopodomyces and Troglomyces (Laboulbeniales, Ascomycota) parasitizing millipedes (Diplopoda) are reviewed. We describe four new species: D. lusitanipodos parasitic on Lusitanipus from Portugal and on Cyphocallipus from Spain, D. veneris on Lusitanipus from Portugal, T. botryandrus...

  2. “...But the Poor Opted for the Evangelicals!”– Evangelicals, Poverty ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    , poverty and prosperity. Have the global evangelical celebrations of 2010 bridged the dichotomy between social responsibility (Ecumenicals) and the proclamation of salvation (Evangelicals)? The article focuses on the rapid growth of a ...

  3. “...but the poor opted for the evangelicals!”– evangelicals, poverty ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    , poverty and prosperity. Have the global evangelical celebrations of 2010 bridged the dichotomy between social responsibility (Ecumenicals) and the proclamation of salvation (Evangelicals)? The article focuses on the rapid growth of a ...

  4. Maailm on suur ja lunastus luurab nurga taga / Kaarel Kuurmaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuurmaa, Kaarel

    2008-01-01

    12. PÖFFi filme - "Maailm on suur ja lunastus luurab nurga taga" ("The World is Big and Salvation Lurks Around the Corner") : režissöör Stephan Komandarev : Bulgaaria - Saksamaa - Ungari - Sloveenia 2008

  5. Düreri maal Eestis ehk Ristija Johannese eksirännakud = Dürer's painting in Estonia - St. John the Baptist's misguided travels / Kadi Polli

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Polli, Kadi, 1973-

    2003-01-01

    Saksa maalikunstniku Albrecht Düreri lõpetamata jäänud altarimaalist pärnapuul - "Püha Onufrius" (Bremeni Kunsthalles), "Ristija Johannes" (Eesti Kunstimuuseumis), "Salvator Mundi" (New Yorgi Metropolitani muuseumis)

  6. Uso de la tierra y diversidades alfa, beta y gamma de diplópodos en la cuenca del río Otún, Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexander Feijoo-Martínez

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Land use and alpha, beta, and gamma diversity of Diplopoda in the Otún basin, Colombia. Objective: To determine the relationshipbetween changes in ecosystems and agrosystems provoked by human intervention and the alpha, beta and gamma diversity of theDiplopoda in the middle basin of the Otún river. Materials and methods: In this research we used a stratified systematic design with sevensampling windows and 16 sampling points. Millipedes were divided into families and morphotypes to calculate the alpha, beta and gammadiversity related to the heterogeneity of land uses. Results: We identified 35 morphotypes from 12 families and five orders. Alpha diversityof Diplopoda revealed significant differences between land uses (P 85% in spite of the low diversity in the land uses, which determined the high contribution of the betadiversity to the gamma diversity of the landscape. Conclusion: The heterogeneity of land uses showed that the changes modify the structureof diversity in Diplopoda with gradients diverging from the preserved ones to the highly transformed ones.

  7. Seasonal variation in stomach contents and diet composition in the ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... Diplopoda, Hemiptera, Hymenoptera, Orthoptera and Lepidoptera) accounting for 80 % of the total number and 90 % of the gravimetric contribution of ingested food by the different age and sex groups. Coleoptera dominated as prey category throughout the seasons. The consistency of the main food categories in spring, ...

  8. A revision of the Thyropygus allevatus group. Part V

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pimvichai, Piyatida; Enghoff, Henrik; Panha, Somsak

    2016-01-01

    The Thyropygus opinatus subgroup (Diplopoda: Harpagophoridae) of the T. allevatus group in Thailand is revised. Based on a phylogenetic analysis of mtDNA sequence data, it is merged with the T. bifurcus subgroup to form an extended T. opinatus subgroup. Nine new species are described: Thyropygus ...

  9. New records and detailed distribution and abundance of selected arthropod species collected between 1999 and 2011 in Azorean native forests

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Borges, Paulo A. V.; Gaspar, Clara; Crespo, Luís Carlos Fonseca

    2016-01-01

    by 10% during the time frame of these projects. The classes Arachnida, Chilopoda and Diplopoda represent the most remarkable cases of new island records, with more than 30% of the records being novelties. This study stresses the need to expand the approaches applied in these projects to other habitats...

  10. Sierra Nevada (Granada, Spain)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gilgado, José D.; Enghoff, Henrik; Tinaut, Alberto

    2015-01-01

    Millipedes (Diplopoda), with a few notable exceptions, are poor dispersers, showing a very high degree of endemicity, not the least in mountains. The first samplings of the Mesovoid Shallow Substratum (MSS) of the higher altitudes of the Sierra Nevada Mountains (Baetic System, Southern Spain) have...

  11. Neurohemal organs in Myriapoda and phylogeny

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sahli, François

    1985-01-01

    Comparisons of neurohemal organs in Insecta and Myriapoda are made. The structure of the corpora cardiaca, the paraesophageal bodies and the blood sinus formations are paralleled. Some Diplopoda possess three protocerebral systems, among which the paraesophageal bodies – blood sinus formations

  12. Hidden biodiversity revealed by collections-based research - Laboulbeniales in millipedes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Santamaria, Sergi; Enghoff, Henrik; P. S. Reboleira, Ana Sofia

    2016-01-01

    Nine new species of the genus Rickia parasitizing Diplopoda are described: R. appendicifera from Iran on Chiraziulus, R. candelabriformis from Australia and New Zealand on several Spirostreptida, R. galatheae from New Zealand on Eumastigonus, R. gigas from Tanzania on ‘Spirostreptus...

  13. Diversity of macro-detritivores in dead wood is influenced by tree species, decay stage and environment

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zuo, Juan; Fonck, Myrthe; van Hal, Jurgen; Cornelissen, J. Hans C.; Berg, Matty P.

    2014-01-01

    Diplopoda (millipedes) and Isopoda (woodlice) are among the most abundant macro-detritivores in temperate forests. These key regulators of plant litter decomposition are influenced by habitat and substrate quality, including that of dead wood. Dead wood provides shelter and resources to

  14. Concentración natural de compuestos antimaláricos en artrópodos tropicales (in vitro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Misael Chinchilla-Carmona

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Extractos alcohólicos, hexánicos y diclorometánicos de 751 muestras de artrópodos fueron estudiados por la presencia de actividad antimalárica. En este trabajo se empleó un modelo murino usando el Plasmodium berghei, modelo que es biológicamente similar a la malaria humana. El estudio fue realizado determinando el efecto del extracto sobre el parásito por la inclusión o no del colorante azul de cresil brillante. Estimando como positivos aquellos extractos cuya actividad antimalárica se mostró en concentraciones no mayores de 50 mg, se encontró que los órdenes más promisorios fueron Lepidoptera (24.1%, Polydesmida (81.3%, Blattodea (25% y Opiliones, entre otros. Las formas inmaduras de Lepidoptera fueron las más positivas, por lo que se analizaron las plantas hospederos de donde se alimentaban dichos organismos. Las familias de estas plantas eran Malvaceae, Acanthaceae, Rutaceae, Myrtaceae, Solanaceae, Fabaceae, Urticaceae, Anacardiaceae, Rosaceae, Asteraceae, Rubiaceae, Lauraceae y Caprifoliaceae. Especies de casi todas estas familias han sido reportadas con actividad antimalárica. En el caso de los órdenes Polydesmida, Opiliones y Blattodea, cuyas formas adultas presentaron alguna actividad contra P. berghei, encontramos que todos esos grupos se alimentan también de plantas. En el caso de Opiliones sus especies son predadores de lepidópteros, coleópteros, hemípteros fitófagos y otros artrópodos, además de que producen sustancias de defensas tales como alcoholes, cetonas y quinonas, entre otros, todo lo cual podría explicar la actividad encontrada. Algunas especies del Orden Polydesmida, también secretan ciertas sustancias químicas, las cuales podrían tener un efecto antiparasitario. Así, a través de este trabajo en artrópodos hemos llegado a identificar fuentes vegetales potenciales para componentes antimaláricos.Natural concentration of antimalaric components in Tropical arthropods (in vitro. Alcohol, hexane and

  15. The complete mitochondrial genome of Scutigerella causeyae (Myriapoda: Symphyla) and the phylogenetic position of Symphyla.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Podsiadlowski, Lars; Kohlhagen, Heiko; Koch, Markus

    2007-10-01

    The first complete mitochondrial genome of a representative of the Symphyla, Scutigerella causeyae (Arthropoda: Myriapoda), was sequenced using a PCR-based approach. Its gene order shows different positions for three tRNA genes compared to the ancestral arthropod pattern. Presence of a pseudogene with partial sequence similarity to rrnS favours the duplication-random loss model as an explanation for at least one of the translocations. None of the genome rearrangements hypothesized for S. causeyae are shared by any of the other four myriapod mitochondrial genomes sequenced so far (two from Chilopoda and two from Diplopoda). Different rearrangement events must have occurred independently in the lineages leading to S. causeyae, Lithobius forficatus, Scutigera coleoptrata and Diplopoda. Phylogenetic analyses could not unequivocally elucidate the position of Symphyla among myriapods. While the nucleotide dataset of eleven protein-coding genes gives weak support for an affinity to Chilopoda, this is not recovered with the corresponding amino acid dataset.

  16. The geological record and phylogeny of the Myriapoda.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shear, William A; Edgecombe, Gregory D

    2010-01-01

    We review issues of myriapod phylogeny, from the position of the Myriapoda amongst arthropods to the relationships of the orders of the classes Chilopoda and Diplopoda. The fossil record of each myriapod class is reviewed, with an emphasis on developments since 1997. We accept as working hypotheses that Myriapoda is monophyletic and belongs in Mandibulata, that the classes of Myriapoda are monophyletic, and that they are related as (Chilopoda (Symphyla (Diplopoda+Pauropoda))). The most pressing challenges to these hypotheses are some molecular and developmental evidence for an alliance between myriapods and chelicerates, and the attraction of symphylans to pauropods in some molecular analyses. While the phylogeny of the orders of Chilopoda appears settled, the relationships within Diplopoda remain unclear at several levels. Chilopoda and Diplopoda have a relatively sparse representation as fossils, and Symphyla and Pauropoda fossils are known only from Tertiary ambers. Fossils are difficult to place in trees based on living forms because many morphological characters are not very likely to be preserved in the fossils; as a consequence, most diplopod fossils have been placed in extinct higher taxa. Nevertheless, important information from diplopod fossils includes the first documented occurrence of air-breathing, and the first evidence for the use of a chemical defense. Stem-group myriapods are unknown, but evidence suggests the group must have arisen in the Early Cambrian, with a major period of cladogenesis in the Late Ordovician and early Silurian. Large terrestrial myriapods were on land at least by mid-Silurian. Copyright (c) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  17. Myriapods (Myriapoda). Chapter 7.2

    OpenAIRE

    Pavel Stoev; Marzio Zapparoli; Sergei Golovatch; Henrik Enghoff; Nesrine Akkari; Anthony Barber

    2010-01-01

    Alien myriapods in Europe have never been subject to a comprehensive review. Currently, 40 species belonging to 23 families and 11 orders can be regarded as alien to Europe, which accounts approximately for about 1.8% of all species known on the continent. Millipedes (Class Diplopoda) are represented by 20 alien species, followed by centipedes (Class Chilopoda) with 16, symphylans with 3 and pauropods with only 1. In addition there are numerous cases of continental species introduced to the A...

  18. Christian Soteriology and Extraterrestrial Intelligence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weidemann, C.

    The paper presents an argument for the incompatibility of classical Christian soteriology (doctrine of salvation) with belief in numerous extraterrestrial intelligent life forms (ETI). Four popular answers to the problem are discussed and rejected: a) unlike humanity, extraterrestrial intelligent species are not in need of salvation; b) Jesus of Nazareth has reconciled the entire cosmos to God; c) God or the second person of the Trinity has incarnated (or will incarnate) himself multiple times; d) alien sinners have been or are going to be saved by means different from a divine incarnation. The final section deals with remaining options for rational Christian believers and speculates briefly about consequences for interstellar space flight.

  19. Die onkunde van die Jode en hulle verwerping van die evangelie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. M. van Zyl

    1988-01-01

    Full Text Available The ignorance of the Jews and their rejection of salvation The aim of this paper is to answer the question on just how much the Jews could rely on their ignorance in rejecting Jesus Christ and his message of salvation. This could not be answered without viewing Luke's attitude towards the Jews. The paper argues further that the predestination of God played a significant role. In the end the whole question is concerned with the conversion of the Jews after their 'previous state of ignorance'.

  20. The Truth of Sacred Scripture as the Fruit of Inspiration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Henryk Witczyk

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available The author enlightens the novel approach to the question of truth of Sacred Scripture as presented in the recent document by Pontifical Biblical Commission, “The Inspiration and Truth of Sacred Scripture.” The approach is projected on the background of the teaching on inspiration in the period before, during and after the Vatican Council II. The author stresses the shift that occurred from speaking of the truth necessary for salvation to the truth on God that wants to save man. The word of God as inspired comes from God and speaks about Him. The truth of Sacred Scripture has a performative and polyphonic character; it’s expressed in forms that are historically and literally conditioned. It’s disclosed in the subsequent books of the Bible side by side to the development of the history of salvation. The content of the truth of Sacred Scripture in the first place consists of the truth on God, the Creator who reveals himself as a person in Jesus Christ. The truth about salvation is focused on the resurrection of Christ and on the message about a Christian who becomes the heir of the Kingdom of God. It stresses, with the special power, the role of the word of God in the process of man’s salvation. The “true word of God” is a carrier of the salvific novelty of Christ the Lord who changes the “old man” into the “new creation.”

  1. Author Details

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Northover, RiA. Vol 41, No 1 (2014) - Articles Schopenhauer and Secular Salvation in the Work of J. M. Coetzee Abstract. ISSN: 0376-8902. AJOL African Journals Online. HOW TO USE AJOL... for Researchers · for Librarians · for Authors · FAQ's · More about AJOL · AJOL's Partners · Terms and Conditions of Use · Contact ...

  2. English in Africa - Vol 41, No 1 (2014)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Schopenhauer and Secular Salvation in the Work of J. M. Coetzee · EMAIL FULL TEXT EMAIL FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. RiA Northover, 35–54. http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/eia.v41i1.3 ...

  3. XVII sajandi graafika rahvusraamatukogus / Jüri Hain

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hain, Jüri, 1941-

    2004-01-01

    Kuraator J. Hain VI korruse galeriis avatud näitusest "Euroopa XVII sajandi sügavtrükigraafika Eesti Rahvusraamatukogus". Näitusel on esindatud Jacques Callot, Stefano della Bella, Salvator Rosa, Claude Vignon, Valentin Lefebvre, Jacob Matham, Crispijn (van) de Passe jt.

  4. Biblical principles towards a pastoral strategy for poverty alleviation ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2014-04-15

    Apr 15, 2014 ... Over centuries, many churches in Uganda have failed to do justice to the gospel to the materially and socially robbed. Their preoccupation has been with the gospel to the sinners. But the salvation of sinners and the care for the materially and socially deprived are part of one and the same gospel. In other ...

  5. a distinctive pentecostal hermeneutic: possible and/or necessary?

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    coincides in their view with what the Bible describes in terms of dreams, visions, theophanies, miracles of healing, and salvation (Ervin 1987:113). In this way, Biblical events ..... Joel and the Spirit: The cry of a prophetic hermeneutic. Cleveland, TN: CPT Press. Menzies, W. 1985. The methodology of Pentecostal theology: An ...

  6. The Paradox of Modern Suffering

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dræby, Anders

    The Paradox of Suffering in modern western Culture In non-western cultures and pre-modern western cultures suffering is considered the normal state of life. Corrispondingly the suffering of oneself and that of other people form a central focus to most religions, their practices and philosophies. ...... one is to achieve salvation in an existence after death....

  7. 44 CFR 206.12 - Use and coordination of relief organizations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... MANAGEMENT AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY DISASTER ASSISTANCE FEDERAL DISASTER ASSISTANCE General... facilities of the American National Red Cross, the Salvation Army, the Mennonite Disaster Service, and other voluntary organizations in the distribution of medicine, food, supplies, or other items, and in the...

  8. CQ No. 25

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Trafficking (UNGIFT), the International. Organisation for Migration (IOM) and even the. Salvation Army. This is most certainly not unwarranted. According to the International Labour. Organisation (ILO), child trafficking: Don't shout too loud. Reflections on the outrage against human and child trafficking. Jacqui Gallinetti*.

  9. La Theothanatosophie dans l'optique philosophique de Nietzsche ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The conception of the Theothanathology in Friedrich Nietzsche's philosophy is an alarm of all the humanity to the reconsideration of its existence's condition and by its human being deadly condition. It unveils difficulties that Christian religion must meet while affirming the salvation of the humanity by the death (expiatory ...

  10. Teaching as Jesus Making: The Hidden Curriculum of Christ in Schooling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burke, Kevin J.; Segall, Avner

    2015-01-01

    Background/Context: The ideas of teaching as salvation and teacher-as-martyr are not new concepts. Prior research, however, has largely failed to explore the historical and cultural religious roots that continue to inform the ways in which teachers are constructed. That is, though prior work has engaged with thinking about religion and thinking…

  11. Application in Down-hole Milling Operations In Niger Delta.

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ENGINEERS

    1895 Movement, ELIMOTU, the Arogbo Freedom Fighters, Iduwini Volunteer Force. (IVF), the Niger Delta People's Salvation Front (NDPSF), the Coalition for Militant. Action (COMA), the Greenlanders, Deebam, Bush Boys, KKK, Black Braziers,. Icelanders and a raft of others. During that period about 120-150 high risk and ...

  12. 154 THE NEUROTIC CHRISTIAN: IMPLICATIONS FOR CHRISTIAN ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Introduction. Neurosis was the term first used to classify psychological disorders in which anxiety is the ... neuroses, though obsolete psychodynamic term, is used to describe psychological disorder thought to result from ... Church amongst other things focuses on the individual: his salvation, his happiness, his wellbeing and ...

  13. Becoming a World Christian: Hospitality as a Framework for Engaging Otherness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arrington, Aminta

    2017-01-01

    Hospitality is the Christian imperative of welcoming the stranger to our table, which serves as a living metaphor for the salvation God extends to all of us, welcoming us as sinners to his table of abundance. As we transition from the era of missions to the era of world Christianity, a hospitality framework is helpful for the concomitant task of…

  14. The Blessing of Abraham: Seeking an Interpretive Link between ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Many prosperity preachers interpret the Abrahamic blessing as prospering in material and financial abundance. They also assert that it is salvation through Jesus Christ that gives Christians, who are Abraham's spiritual children, access to the Abrahamic blessing. But when these biblical passages mentioning the Abrahamic ...

  15. A CULTure of Entrepreneurship Education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Farny, Steffen; Frederiksen, Signe Hedeboe; Hannibal, Martin

    2016-01-01

    relatively unchallenged. This study applies the lens of the cult, in particular three elements Rituals, Deities and the Promise of Salvation, to reflect on the production and reproduction of entrepreneurship in EE. In doing so, the paper addresses uncontested values and beliefs that form a hidden curriculum...

  16. Tussen secularisering en religiositeit: De dynamiek van protestantse ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Since Protestant theology is increasingly influenced by globalization, the urgent task is to maintain a dialectical balance between: (1) the appreciation of personal involvement and human subjectivity in the life of faith, (2) the emphasis on the divine priority and initiative in the salvation process. The Protestant identity is at ...

  17. Jeremiah 33:15-16 as a reinterpretation of Jeremiah 23:5-6

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    (northern tradition) which we find in Jeremiah 33:23-26. The link between these two motifs, creation and salvation, also occurs in Deutero-Isaiah, where it is used to console the exiles: Yahweh is still in control of world history. Weippert regards. Jeremiah 33:23-26 as a post-exilic exegesis of the Jeremian creation concept.

  18. The Tyranny of Technology: A Critical Assessment of the Social Arena of Online Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Callahan, Jamie L.; Sandlin, Jennifer A.

    2007-01-01

    Educators and learners in adult education have been sentenced to online learning before we have truly explored the verdict of whether online learning is all it is touted to be. The vast majority of online learning dialogue has extolled the virtues of cybereducation as not only the future but the salvation of education (Brabazon, 2002; Menchik,…

  19. L'Armée du Salut et la naissance de la 'Mission des Noirs' au Congo ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    On the eve of the Second World War, a new kimbanguist spirit pervaded Léopoldville and the Lower Congo. The arrival of the first Salvation Army missionaries in 1934 was not strange to this awakening. The natives were impressed by the uniforms and the insignia but also by the militancy of this association in its struggle ...

  20. REMARKS ON THE CHURCH IN THE CONSUMER SOCIETY ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    on this, when they say that people find their salvation within their experience of reality. Science, technology and the economy have become invaluable aspects of human existence and security. This conceptualisation .... ship is augmented through church ceremonies, pastoral care, etc. In addition, the church has the ...

  1. v V V V V v

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    to think about it, like the new taxes." Therefore one should earnestly discuss each way of salvation. - So, dear Radioactives, examine and judge it. - Unfortunately I cannot appear in. Tubingen personally, since I am indispensable here in Zurich because of a ball on the night of. 6/7 December. - With my best regards to you, ...

  2. El problema de la salvación y sus mediaciones, en el contexto de la Declaración Conjunta católico-luterana sobre la doctrina de la justificación

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anneliese Meis W.

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente estudio requiere de un esfuerzo conceptual aplicado, tanto en lo que se refiere a la "salvación" cuanto a la "mediación", ya que esos conceptos constituyen el objeto primordial de la Declaración Conjunta sobre la justificación (=DCJ, firmada el 31 de agosto de 1999 en Augsburgo. Como aquí se trata de una documentación compleja, con una historia redaccional difícil se presentará brevemente 1 La salvación en la DCJ, logros y límites desde la perspectiva católica. II La salvación en las interpretaciones teológicas protestantes de la DCJ. A continuación, III La mediacion de la salvación, sus posibilidades y aporías. Para luego concluir con algunas tareas pendientes.The present study requires an applied conceptual effort, both in regards to "salvation" as to "mediation", because these concepts constitute the main object of the Joint Declaration about Justification (= DJC signed on August 31, 1999 in Augsburg. Given the complexity of the documentation, with a difficult story for its writing, the article will briefly present: I The achievements and limits of the salvation in DJC, from a catholic perspective. II The salvation in the protestant theological interpretations in the DJC. III The mediation of salvation, its probabilities and aporias, finishing up with some pending tasks.

  3. Theological poverty of churches in the developing world: Its causes ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2010-11-29

    Nov 29, 2010 ... Through them tens of millions of Asians and Africans have found salvation, individual as well as social; with the saving love of Christ both the missionaries and their successors have changed the course of the world history towards a more communicable, tolerable and viable world. But this should not be the ...

  4. Crossing the Rubric-Con

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bailey, James R.

    2014-01-01

    This essay engages the prospect and peril of employing rubrics in America. It discusses how institutional independence affects the enterprise, and addresses whether rubrics will be received as salvation or subservience by educational agents. It asks how rubrics can benefit stakeholders while examining their unintended consequences. It concludes by…

  5. Browse Title Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Items 1 - 50 of 202 ... Vol 7, No 2 (2017), Baseline values of immunologic parameters in the lizard Salvator merianae (Teiidae, Squamata), Abstract PDF. Ana Paula Mestre, Patricia Susana Amavet, Pablo Ariel Siroski. Vol 7, No 2 (2017), Biosecurity and geospatial analysis of mycoplasma infections in poultry farms at Al-Jabal ...

  6. Author Details

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Mestre, Ana Paula. Vol 7, No 2 (2017) - Articles Baseline values of immunologic parameters in the lizard Salvator merianae (Teiidae, Squamata) Abstract PDF. ISSN: 2218-6050. AJOL African Journals Online. HOW TO USE AJOL... for Researchers · for Librarians · for Authors · FAQ's · More about AJOL · AJOL's Partners ...

  7. Browse Title Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Items 101 - 150 of 172 ... Brian K Powell. Vol 35, No 1 (2006):, Rowe's Argument from Improvability, Abstract. Michael Almeida. Vol 33, No 1 (2004):, Salvation in Heaven? Abstract. Yujin Nagasawa, Graham Oppy, Nick Trakakis. Vol 37, No 1 (2008):, Scepticism and the Genealogy of Knowledge: Situating Epistemology in Time ...

  8. Felicity and Value on Ibn Al Arabi’s ViewPoint

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amirabbas Alizamani

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available The issue of "the meaning of life "calls man's felicity into question in terms of three concepts, namely value, utility and the ultimate goal of life. In Ibn Al Arabi's mystical view, "intuitive cognition about truth "which is also known as "knowledge mingled with belief " enjoys such originality that it is regarded as the sufficient requirement for man's felicity. Although, Ibn Al Arabi mentions another type of felicity, which is universal. He maintains that pure felicity and wickedness concern the other world, regards wickedness as transient and believes that on the basis of Divine blessing, it leads to salvation. He believes that the world came into existence for salvation and that it will eventually achieve this ultimate goal. We can infer from his other views about salvation that the feeling of satisfaction towards life and, in other words, the feeling of happiness, requires intuitive cognition, which also clarifies the meaning of life. Furthermore, man's salvation-oriented attitude refutes the view that man's life is only an instrument used to access the Divine End .

  9. JPRS Report East Asia Southeast Asia

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-06-30

    especially during the anti-U.S. national salvation resistance (bombings, shellings, and use of toxic chemicals)—these forests were ravaged and turned...34 which contains menthol ) which we have exported in rather large quantities, we have exported tonic wines 114 prepared with animal substances (from

  10. Primary School Pupils' Response to Audio-Visual Learning Process in Port-Harcourt

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olube, Friday K.

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to examine primary school children's response on the use of audio-visual learning processes--a case study of Chokhmah International Academy, Port-Harcourt (owned by Salvation Ministries). It looked at the elements that enhance pupils' response to educational television programmes and their hindrances to these…

  11. EASTER CHRONOTOPE IN GOETHE'S "FAUST": APPROACHES AND ESTIMATIONS IN THE TRANSLATIONS OF NIKOLAI KHOLODKOVSKY AND BORIS PASTERNAK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Malchukov L. I.

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available The article analyzes the most famous experiences of the Goethe's text presentations in Russian. The difference between Kholodkovsky and Pasternak’s translation strategies in the interpretation of Faust's salvation is particularly striking, as far as they can be understood only in the context of the Easter chronotope of tragedy.

  12. Perception of the relationship France–Africa by André Gide and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The hero is a troubled Frenchman travelling in Africa. Camara inverted the roles traditionally attributed to Europe and Africa. The crossing of various regions is presented as initiatory tests which bring about the hero's palingenesis. Camara shows that a spiritual Africa brought peace and salvation to the Frenchman.

  13. 293--26 October 2009 [ Final version].indd

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2009-10-26

    Oct 26, 2009 ... possible answer to this spiritual crisis in the Orthodox position formulated by Father ... (1978), Jesus Christ or the Restoration of Man (1943), The Life .... way the mystery of salvation than does the satisfaction theory of Anselm or the ..... image of God], Universitaria Publishing House, Craiova. Stăniloae, D.

  14. Matthew's Messianic Shepherd-king: In search of “the lost sheep of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The article intends to grasp the meaning of the phrase “the lost sheep of the house of Israel” in the Matthean logia of 10:5b-6 (and 15:24). It shows that in recent Matthean research the phrase has become an abstract salvation-historical category disconnected from narrative and historical particularity. However, generally ...

  15. Cross-Cultural Faculty Values.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keim, Marybelle C.

    1992-01-01

    Compares the terminal values of 24 visiting scholars from the People's Republic of China based at a midwestern community college with resident faculty values. The Chinese scholars ranked freedom, equality, and self-respect highest, whereas U.S. schools gave highest rankings to salvation, family security, and self-respect. Contrasts findings with a…

  16. Jesus: Born Poor or Rich?

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    First Lady

    Jesus and his brand of message of salvation have been subjected to various analyses ... Herod's intention to hill the newborn king and 7) the missing years, which have been a ..... people of means who, generally, went to purchase essential commodities as ..... ―In His Image and Likeness: Ponderings over Creation and.

  17. Technology and Educational Structure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boocock, Sarane S.

    2012-01-01

    Most current debate on instructional technology is characterized either by grandiose speculation on the salvation of education through automation (without specification of "what" and "how" technological innovations will actually be introduced in specific classroom situations, and how the changes will be financed), or by jargon-filled hairsplitting…

  18. Psalmists in Cramped and Open Spaces

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holst, Søren

    2014-01-01

    A number of passages in Psalms employ the figure of speech, or perhaps more precisely, the figure of thought, that when the psalmist is in need or in trouble, he is in a tight place, and his salvation consists in being brought out into the open. The article reviews this motif and makes use...

  19. Instructional constraints faced by learners with duchenne muscular ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The study is about the instructional constraints facing learners with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) at Salvation Army (SA) Joy Town special primary school, Thika, Kenya. Instructional constraints in this study are the academic challenges encountered by the learners that include: poor teaching methods, inappropriate ...

  20. Demonologie in die Nuwe- Testamentiese tydvak | van Aarde | HTS ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Evil has become an extraterrestrial figure, symbol and power. As the personification of the prince of evil, the Devil is inter alia identified with the mythological serpent in a lost paradise and is defeated at the reaUzation of God's messianic kingdom in Jesus Christ, the prince of light. The New Testament proclaims that salvation ...

  1. Temple versus Household in Luke-Acts: A contrast in social institutions

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This social-scientific study of Luke-Acts advances the thesis that in the Lucan economy of salvation, the Temple and the Household represent opposed types of social institutions and economic relations, only one of which, the Household, is capable of embodying socially, symbohcally and ideologically the structures, values ...

  2. Interpreting the visio Dei in Matthew 5:8

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2012-01-16

    Jan 16, 2012 ... transcends space and time. Origen wrote that the human soul passes through successive stages of incarnation before eventually reaching God. For him, the essence of salvation was to become like God, being 'deified' through contemplating. God. 'The knowledgeable Christian will penetrate beyond.

  3. Introducing the Astley-Francis Theology of Religions Index: Construct Validity among 13- to 15-Year-Old Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Astley, Jeff; Francis, Leslie J.

    2016-01-01

    The "theology of religions" is concerned with the interpretation and evaluation of the divergent truth-claims and views of salvation that are asserted or implied by different religious traditions. This study proposes a new multi-choice index that distinguishes between six current positions within the theology of religions, characterised…

  4. Is poverty a matter of perspective? Significance of Amartya Sen for ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Poverty continues to present an enormous challenge to the well-being of humanity. Different frameworks on poverty tend to identify different persons as poor, impacting on efforts to fight poverty. The church as a role player in the public domain needs a framework that can assist it in its task of working for salvation and ...

  5. Demonologie in die Nuwe- Testamentiese tydvak

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    alia identified with the mythological serpent in a lost paradise and is defeated at the reaUzation of God's messianic kingdom in Jesus Christ, the prince of light. The New Testament proclaims that salvation means that man determines to exist as man of God before evil made man his slave. Der Teufel, der ist alt (Goethe).

  6. Ou-Testamentiese perspektiewe op die definisie van die prediking ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    It is found that the hymnic situation, that is the realisation of thanksgiving for salvation, in the Psalms comes closest to what is understood as preaching in the New Testament. The following amended definition of preaching is proposed for consideration: 'A pneumatological word event in which a person who is a believer ...

  7. Hydrogen peroxide as a new defensive compound in "benzoyl cyanide" producing polydesmid millipedes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuwahara, Yasumasa; Yamaguchi, Takuya; Ichiki, Yayoi; Tanabe, Tsutomu; Asano, Yasuhisa

    2017-04-01

    Hydrogen peroxide was newly and simultaneously demonstrated with well-known hydrogen cyanide as a component of defensive secretions of "benzoyl cyanide" producing polydesmid millipedes. Presence of hydrogen peroxide was successively evidenced by Trinder reagent's spray with colorless as well as oily smears of defensive secretions containing benzoyl cyanide and hydrogen cyanide by alkaline picrate paper treatment. Linear correlation was demonstrated between quantities of hydrogen peroxide and benzoyl cyanide. By qualitative assay, seven benzoyl cyanide containing polydesmidans (six species of adults and one species of a nymph at stadium I) tested positive to Trinder reagent, indicative of the presence of hydrogen peroxide (together with hydrogen cyanide), while two cyanogenic species without benzoyl cyanide exhibited negative responses to the reagent. Two types of millipedes were elucidated as species of cyanogenic Polydesmida.

  8. "Creación y Salvación": La creación como fundamento de la salvación cristiana. La salvación como plenificación de la creación de Dios

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrés Arteaga M.

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN El artículo intenta profundizar, de manera inicial, en el carácter de las relaciones entre la creación y la salvación. Una vez planteada la pregunta por el lugar de la creación en el misterio cristiano, en el contexto de la teología actual, se muestra en algunos ejemplos la complejidad de la relación entre creación y salvación. Se analiza el origen de la doctrina de la creación en el Antiguo Testamento, su evolución en la teología paulina, su perspectiva en algunos escritos de Rahner, y finalmente, en los textos del Concilio Vaticano II. Termina proponiendo algunas observaciones conclusivas acerca de la luz que trae el misterio de la creación sobre las mediaciones de la salvación. La salvación es un "aspecto de la totalidad" del plan divino. Soteriología y protología se implican mutuamente. De tal manera que la salvación desde la óptica de la creación, es "de Dios", pero también "de la persona humana en el mundo y en la historia". "Mundanidad", "historicidad" y "humanidad" de la salvación son características inextirpables y coordenadas fundamentales para cualquier reflexión teológica acerca de las mediaciones de la salvación. La salvación cristiana es toda de Dios y a la vez toda mediada.ABSTRACT The article attempts to look in depth, the character of the relations between creation and salvation. It first poses the question of the role of creation on salvation, in the context of the current theology, and then shows some examples of the complexity of the relation between creation and salvation. It analyses the origin of the doctrine of creation in the Old Testament, its evolution in Paul’s doctrine, its perspective in some of Ranner’s works, and finally, in the Vatican Council II texts. It finishes offering some conclusive observation on the light that the mystery of creation brings over the mediations of salvation. Salvation is "an aspect of the fullness" of the divine plan. Soteriology and protology imply

  9. Phylogenetic position of Myriapoda revealed by 454 transcriptome sequencing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rehm, Peter; Meusemann, Karen; Borner, Janus; Misof, Bernhard; Burmester, Thorsten

    2014-08-01

    Myriapods had been considered closely allied to hexapods (insects and relatives). However, analyses of molecular sequence data have consistently placed Myriapoda either as a sister group of Pancrustacea, comprising crustaceans and hexapods, and thereby supporting the monophyly of Mandibulata, or retrieved Myriapoda as a sister group of Chelicerata (spiders, ticks, mites and allies). In addition, the relationships among the four myriapod groups (Pauropoda, Symphyla, Diplopoda, Chilopoda) are unclear. To resolve the phylogeny of myriapods and their relationship to other main arthropod groups, we collected transcriptome data from the symphylan Symphylella vulgaris, the centipedes Lithobius forficatus and Scolopendra dehaani, and the millipedes Polyxenus lagurus, Glomeris pustulata and Polydesmus angustus by 454 sequencing. We concatenated a multiple sequence alignment that contained 1550 orthologous single copy genes (1,109,847 amino acid positions) from 55 euarthropod and 14 outgroup taxa. The final selected alignment included 181 genes and 37,425 amino acid positions from 55 taxa, with eight myriapods and 33 other euarthropods. Bayesian analyses robustly recovered monophyletic Mandibulata, Pancrustacea and Myriapoda. Most analyses support a sister group relationship of Symphyla in respect to a clade comprising Chilopoda and Diplopoda. Inclusion of additional sequence data from nine myriapod species resulted in an alignment with poor data density, but broader taxon average. With this dataset we inferred Diplopoda+Pauropoda as closest relatives (i.e., Dignatha) and recovered monophyletic Helminthomorpha. Molecular clock calculations suggest an early Cambrian emergence of Myriapoda ∼513 million years ago and a late Cambrian divergence of myriapod classes. This implies a marine origin of the myriapods and independent terrestrialization events during myriapod evolution. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  10. Uso de la tierra y diversidades alfa, beta y gamma de diplópodos en la cuenca del río Otún, Colombia

    OpenAIRE

    Ruiz-Cobo, Darío Hernán; Grupo Gestión en Agroecosistemas Tropicales Andinos (GATA), Facultad de Ciencias Ambientales, Universidad Tecnológica de Pereira. Vereda La Julita A.A. 97, Pereira; Bueno-Villegas, Julián; Laboratorio de Sistemática Animal, Centro de Investigaciones Biológicas, Universidad Autónoma del Estado de Hidalgo. Km. 4.5 carretera Pachuca - Tulancingo S/N. Colonia Carboneras, Mineral de la Reforma, Hidalgo, 42184; Feijoo-Martínez, Alexander; Grupo Gestión en Agroecosistemas Tropicales Andinos (GATA), Facultad de Ciencias Ambientales, Universidad Tecnológica de Pereira. Vereda La Julita A.A. 97, Pereira

    2010-01-01

    Objetivo: Determinar la relación entre los cambios promovidos por la intervención humana en ecosistemas y grosistemas y la diversidad alfa, beta y gamma de Diplopoda de la cuenca media del río Otún. Materiales y métodos: Se utilizó un diseño sistemático estratificado con la selección de siete ventanas y 16 puntos de muestreo. Se separaron los diplópodos en familias y morfotipos para calcular la diversidad alfa, beta y gamma relacionada con la heterogeneidad de usos del terreno. Resultados: Se...

  11. Venomous and poisonous arthropods: identification, clinical manifestations of envenomation, and treatments used in human injuries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vidal Haddad Junior

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract This review presents the main species of venomous and poisonous arthropods, with commentary on the clinical manifestations provoked by the toxins and therapeutic measures used to treat human envenomations. The groups of arthopods discussed include the class Arachnida (spiders and scorpions, which are responsible for many injuries reported worldwide, including Brazil; the subphylum Myriapoda, with the classes Chilopoda and Diplopoda (centipedes and millipedes; and the subphylum Hexapoda, with the class Insecta and the orders Coleoptera (beetles, Hemiptera (stink bugs, giant water bugs, and cicadas, Hymenoptera (ants, wasps, and bees, and Lepidoptera (butterflies and moths.

  12. Exploring Phylogenetic Relationships within Myriapoda and the Effects of Matrix Composition and Occupancy on Phylogenomic Reconstruction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fernández, Rosa; Edgecombe, Gregory D; Giribet, Gonzalo

    2016-09-01

    Myriapods, including the diverse and familiar centipedes and millipedes, are one of the dominant terrestrial arthropod groups. Although molecular evidence has shown that Myriapoda is monophyletic, its internal phylogeny remains contentious and understudied, especially when compared to those of Chelicerata and Hexapoda. Until now, efforts have focused on taxon sampling (e.g., by including a handful of genes from many species) or on maximizing matrix size (e.g., by including hundreds or thousands of genes in just a few species), but a phylogeny maximizing sampling at both levels remains elusive. In this study, we analyzed 40 Illumina transcriptomes representing 3 of the 4 myriapod classes (Diplopoda, Chilopoda, and Symphyla); 25 transcriptomes were newly sequenced to maximize representation at the ordinal level in Diplopoda and at the family level in Chilopoda. Ten supermatrices were constructed to explore the effect of several potential phylogenetic biases (e.g., rate of evolution, heterotachy) at 3 levels of gene occupancy per taxon (50%, 75%, and 90%). Analyses based on maximum likelihood and Bayesian mixture models retrieved monophyly of each myriapod class, and resulted in 2 alternative phylogenetic positions for Symphyla, as sister group to Diplopoda + Chilopoda, or closer to Diplopoda, the latter hypothesis having been traditionally supported by morphology. Within centipedes, all orders were well supported, but 2 deep nodes remained in conflict in the different analyses despite dense taxon sampling at the family level. Relationships among centipede orders in all analyses conducted with the most complete matrix (90% occupancy) are at odds not only with the sparser but more gene-rich supermatrices (75% and 50% supermatrices) and with the matrices optimizing phylogenetic informativeness or most conserved genes, but also with previous hypotheses based on morphology, development, or other molecular data sets. Our results indicate that a high percentage of ribosomal

  13. Millipedes as food for humans

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Enghoff, Henrik; Manno, Nicola; Tchibozo, Sévérin

    2014-01-01

    The first record of millipedes (Diplopoda) being regularly used for food by humans (the Bobo people of Burkina Faso) is given, including information on how the millipedes are prepared. The species in question are Tymbodesmus falcatus (Karsch, 1881) and Sphenodesmus sheribongensis (Schiøtz, 1966...... for the spread of millipedes as an everyday food source. On the other hand, the possibility that benzoquinones may act as insect-repellents, as known from studies on nonhuman primates, and that sublethal cyanide ingestionmay enhance human innate resistance tomalaria, suggests promising ethnomedical perspectives...

  14. Academic Training - The use of Monte Carlo radiation transport codes in radiation physics and dosimetry

    CERN Multimedia

    Françoise Benz

    2006-01-01

    2005-2006 ACADEMIC TRAINING PROGRAMME LECTURE SERIES 27, 28, 29 June 11:00-12:00 - TH Conference Room, bldg. 4 The use of Monte Carlo radiation transport codes in radiation physics and dosimetry F. Salvat Gavalda,Univ. de Barcelona, A. FERRARI, CERN-AB, M. SILARI, CERN-SC Lecture 1. Transport and interaction of electromagnetic radiation F. Salvat Gavalda,Univ. de Barcelona Interaction models and simulation schemes implemented in modern Monte Carlo codes for the simulation of coupled electron-photon transport will be briefly reviewed. Different schemes for simulating electron transport will be discussed. Condensed algorithms, which rely on multiple-scattering theories, are comparatively fast, but less accurate than mixed algorithms, in which hard interactions (with energy loss or angular deflection larger than certain cut-off values) are simulated individually. The reliability, and limitations, of electron-interaction models and multiple-scattering theories will be analyzed. Benchmark comparisons of simu...

  15. Karma yoga: A path towards work in positive psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumar, Arun; Kumar, Sanjay

    2013-01-01

    Karma yoga is the path that leads to salvation through action. Salvation is the ultimate state of consciousness. Work is the central and defining characteristic of life. It may have intrinsic value, instrumental value, or both. Instrumental value includes incentive, dignity and power, etc., which is the result expected from the work. The Gita teaches us to do work without thinking of result (work with intrinsic value). Attachment with the result leads to stress, competition and aggression. Stress further gives rise to heart ailments, depression and suicide. Positive psychology studies the factors and conditions leading to pleasurable and satisfying life. Understanding Karma yoga and its practice has a similar role that lead an individual towards work and leading to a satisfied life. This may play a unique role towards practical aspects of positive psychology to improve one's lifestyle and aid in the treatment of stress disorders.

  16. El universalismo cristiano en Hans Urs von Balthasar a propósito de su encuentro con Karl Barth

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rolle, Carlos Ignacio Casale

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The idea of the Christian universalism is a key-subject of Balthasar’s theology. The proprium of this autor appears more clearly analysing the distance in the subject of analogia entis and the natural theology which Barth maintains. A basic element of Bathasar’s reflection about the Christian universalism has its roots in the origin of the assertion that the creation in Christ is united with the contemplation of the cosmic Christ and with the will to emphasize the universal character of the salvation happened in Christ (the concretum universale. Thus the approach is a profound comprehension of the salvation “in Christ”. The Chalcedonic formula enlarged since the fourth Lateran Council becomes a “law” for the interpretation of the (metaphysical reality. Balthasar propounds in this way an ontology in those center the personal reality is situated. At the end the reader finds a prospective critique to Balthasar’s position

  17. The story of the Red Sea as a theological framework of interpretation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Young M. Song

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available The exodus motif is widely agreed to be one of the central frameworks illustrating the salvational acts of God in both the Old and New Testaments. According to the Old Testament, the exodus motif was, to Israel, the paradigm of redemptive historical renewal. For this reason, the exodus motif provided the typological expression for all future hope of salvation and served as a theological paradigm to be used by Old and New Testament authors. In this article, the exodus theme in the Book of Revelation, chapters 12 to 13, is discussed in the following order: (1 Christ�s crucif xion and resurrection as the archetypal exodus; (2 the chronological fulf llment of the exodus theme in the Bible; and (3 the exodus theme in Revelation 12 to 13. To investigate the exodus theme in Revelation 12 to 13, the intertextual interpretation, as based on the redemptive historical interpretation, will be highlighted.�

  18. A predictive model for solubilities in supercritical CO{sub 2} based on FT-IR spectroscopic characterization of local density

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wada, N.; Kitada, D.; Inomata, H. [Tohoku Univ., Sendai (Japan)] [and others

    1996-12-31

    In this study, a predictive model for the solubility of aromatics in supercritical CO{sub 2} is developed by considering the local clustering observed by IR spectroscopy. By examining two vibrational modes of substituted benzene, we could relate the local density around the C-C ring stretch and the substituent deformation to a dielectric function. A method is presented for determining the local excess density. Chemical theory is used to relate the local excess density is to the average salvation number. With the new model, solubility predictions are improved over other methods such as the Peng-Robinson equation of state. The model development shows that the characteristic salvation structure of solutes in supercritical fluids measured by IR spectroscopy can be used to give quantitative prediction of solubilities. 10 refs., 6 figs.

  19. Sound and emotion in Milton's Paradise lost.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whissell, Cynthia

    2011-08-01

    This research was designed to test the hypothesis that Milton's poem Paradise Lost is meaningfully patterned with respect to sound. Thirty-six segments from 12 Books of Paradise Lost were scored (Whissell, 2000) in terms of their proportional use of Pleasant, Cheerful, Active, Nasty, Unpleasant, Sad, Passive, and Soft sounds. Paradise Lost includes more Active, Nasty, and Unpleasant sounds and fewer Pleasant, Passive, Soft, and Sad sounds than a representative sample of anthologized poetry. The way in which emotional sounds are patterned (e.g., the rise and fall in the proportion of Pleasant sounds across Books) suggests the presence of three narratives within the work: Sin and Salvation-Foreseen in Heaven (Books I-II), The Fall of Man (Books IV-IX), and Sin and Salvation-Foretold on Earth (Books X-XI). The poem analyzed had updated spelling, and the author's exact intentions when creating it are not accessible to direct investigation, for this among other reasons.

  20. Romans 10:5–13 revisited

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Willem Oliver

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this article is to investigate Romans 10:5–13 and specifically the impact of the chiasm (chiasmus in Romans 10:9–10 on this sub-pericope. In the chiasm Paul makes the following statement(s:A If you confess with your mouth Jesus as LordB and believe in your heart that God raised him from the dead,C you will be saved.B For with the heart a person believes, resulting in righteousness,A and with the mouth/he confesses, resulting in salvation.What gives the chiasm existential value here is the fact that this is the only passage in which Paul uses confess with your mouth as a condition for salvation. The sub-pericope will be discussed against the background of the introduction to the letter (Rm 1:16–17 as well as Romans 3:21–31.

  1. The Study and Comparison of Tabatabaei and Plantinga's Viewpoint on Riligious Diversity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr Abass Yazdani

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available One of the most important issues in philosophy of religion is religious diversity. Different view points have been offered in the encounter of the religious diversity from philosophers of religion. The purpose of this research is to examine and compare Alvin Plantinga`s theory as an exclusivist view and Allameh Tabatabaee`s theory concerning religious diversity. Allameh Tabatabaee by presenting the inclusivist view believes that all religions benefit from truth and savior, but Islam considered well-known to seal of religions, is more perfect than others. His most significant argument to support the inclusivist view is that the divine widen salvation requires all human beings in different culture and religions save. While Alvin Plantinga, by exclusivist attitude maintains that only one religion can be true and only its followers can be saved. He believes that truth and salvation is based on Christian's doctrines and teachings and considered Christianity as justified religion.

  2. The Study and Comparison of Tabatabaei and Plantinga\\\\\\'s Viewpoint on Riligious Diversity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abass Yazdani

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available One of the most important issues in philosophy of religion is religious diversity. Different view points have been offered in the encounter of the religious diversity from philosophers of religion. The purpose of this research is to examine and compare Alvin Plantinga`s theory as an exclusivist view and Allameh Tabatabaee`s theory concerning religious diversity. Allameh Tabatabaee by presenting the inclusivist view believes that all religions benefit from truth and savior, but Islam considered well-known to seal of religions, is more perfect than others. His most significant argument to support the inclusivist view is that the divine widen salvation requires all human beings in different culture and religions save. While Alvin Plantinga, by exclusivist attitude maintains that only one religion can be true and only its followers can be saved. He believes that truth and salvation is based on Christian's doctrines and teachings and considered Christianity as justified religion.   

  3. The Study and Comparison of Tabatabaei and Plantinga's Viewpoint on Riligious Diversity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abass Yazdani

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available One of the most important issues in philosophy of religion is religious diversity. Different view points have been offered in the encounter of the religious diversity from philosophers of religion. The purpose of this research is to examine and compare Alvin Plantinga`s theory as an exclusivist view and Allameh Tabatabaee`s theory concerning religious diversity. Allameh Tabatabaee by presenting the inclusivist view believes that all religions benefit from truth and savior, but Islam considered well-known to seal of religions, is more perfect than others. His most significant argument to support the inclusivist view is that the divine widen salvation requires all human beings in different culture and religions save. While Alvin Plantinga, by exclusivist attitude maintains that only one religion can be true and only its followers can be saved. He believes that truth and salvation is based on Christian's doctrines and teachings and considered Christianity as justified religion.

  4. ’n Voorgestelde matriks vir die pastorale berading van die verwonde geloofsvervreemde

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wentzel C. Coetzer

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Hierdie artikel fokus op die rol van pastorale berading aan die emosioneel-verwonde en geloofsvervreemde persoon deur middel van die redding in Christus. Die rol van God Drie-enig en die sentrale posisie van die Skrif word ondersoek. Verder word aspekte wat ’n Skrifgefundeerde mensbeeld onderlê, gekonstrueer. Die verband tussen emosionele trauma en geloofsvervreemding, asook die aspek van reg en geregtigheid, word hierna ondersoek. Die belangrikheid van die heil in Christus in die geestelike genesingsproses word ook bespreek. Ter afsluiting word ’n pastoraal-terapeutiese matriks voorgestel vir ingrype in die huidige lewenskrisis en die bestaande geloofsvervreemding met inagneming van die traumageskiedenis. Praktiese riglyne word verder verskaf as hulpmiddel vir begeleiding in die ondersteuningsproses.A proposed matrix regarding the pastoral counselling of the wounded faith-estranged. This article focuses on the role of the pastoral counselling of the emotionally wounded and faith-estranged person through the mediation of the salvation in Christ. The role of the Triune God and the central position of Scripture in mediating the salvation in Christ are also examined and the Scriptural view of man is constructed. The role of emotional trauma in the estrangement from God as well as the importance of justice and retribution are examined as it relates to the spiritual and emotional healing of the wounded faith-estranged. The article also discusses the prominence of the salvation in Christ in the spiritual healing process. In conclusion, a pastoral-therapeutic matrix of intervention is proposed to help in addressing the present life crisis and current faith-estrangement within the context of the trauma history, with a view to find healing from the woundedness and the faith-estrangement through salvation in Christ. Practical guidelines are offered to guide this supporting process.

  5. Battle of Wills: Accepting Stalemate in Internal Wars

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-12-01

    death, Andres Bonifacio and 30 Juan J. Bautista, “An Archipelago Twice ‘Discovered’: The Santo...economic actions without recognizing that they are merely instruments of political will…the only salvation is to switch defense priorities back to...Company Inc., 1975. ———. War in the Shadows: The Guerrilla in History Volume II. Garden City: Doubleday & Company Inc., 1975. Bautista, Juan J

  6. Improvised Explosive Devices: Booklet of Related Readings 25

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-05-20

    component in U.S. strategy because it influences attitudes and behavior." According to Deputy National Security Advisor Juan Zarate, this is...Michael Leiter, Juan Zarate, Charles Allen, and Dell Dailey. http://www.washingtoninstitute.org/templateC05.php?CID=2836 Library of Congress...was Shab-e-barat (night of salvation ), a festival when Muslims visit graveyards to offer night-long prayers for their dead relatives. Blasts in

  7. The Policy Decision Process of the Islamic Republic of Iran: Through a Glass Darkly

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-05-18

    Through them lies salvation , and without them is perdition. Those who die without knowing their Imam, die as unbelievers. The intercession of the...fare much better than his first. Juan Cole, Professor of Modern Middle Eastern and South Asia History, provides insight into the actions that proceeded...Corporation, 2003. Cole, Juan . Iran’s Tainted Elections. Nation 278, no. 8 (March 2004) WN: 0406201569006. ________. Constitution of the Islamic Republic

  8. John Wesley se Aldersgate-ervaring: 'n Herwaardering

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    I felt I did trust in Christ, Christ alone for salvation; and an assurance was given me that he had taken away my sins, even mine, and saved me from the law of sin and death'. 948 ..... As hy in 1765 hieroor aan John Newton skryf, voeg hy daar by: 'And I am still persuaded, this is what the Lord Jesus hath bought for me with his ...

  9. Effects of the Huguenot Diaspora on the American Revolution

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-06-10

    also includes the tenant that salvation may be refused or lost. It is often contrasted with Predestination and the Doctrine of the Elect. Baptist...1555. Doctrine of the Elect. Often simply referred to simply as the Elect, and tied to Predestination . In Calvinistic Theology the group predestined by...John Wesley, teach the Arminian doctrine of Unlimited Atonement. A minority, influenced by George Whitfield, teach the doctrine of Predestination and

  10. Predestination and the Protestant Ethic

    OpenAIRE

    Larbi Alaoui; Alvaro Sandroni

    2013-01-01

    This paper shows an equivalence result between the utility functions of secular agents who abide by a moral obligation to accumulate wealth and those of religious agents who believe that salvation is immutable and preordained by God. This result formalizes Weber's renowned thesis on the connection between the worldly asceticism of Protestants and the religious premises of Calvinism. Furthermore, ongoing economies are often modeled with preference relations such as "Keeping up ...

  11. The Libyan Conversion in Three Acts: Why Qadhafi Gave Up His Weapons of Mass Destruction Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-01

    even though the objective was both policy and regime change (Type B/C). The U.S. commitment to Operation Desert Shield/Storm was more sustained...sponsored coups. Somalia 1978–85 Military and financial support to Somalian Salvation Front. Western Sahara 1976–84 Mil. and financial support to...international law. Operation Desert Shield/Storm was not a direct threat to Libya, but the New World Order represented an emerging American leadership in the

  12. The Sources of Islamic Revolutionary Conduct

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-04-01

    Department Hillsdale College (Acton: Tapestry Press, 2001), 501. 20 Max Scheler , Ressentiment, trans. Lewis Coser and William Holdheim, ed. and...God. As Max Scheler notes, the Reformation “destroy[ed] the very basis of the idea that the Church is the institution of salvation.”293 Both the pre...the subject. Please also see Manfred Frings’ introduction, Scheler , 3. 119 Manfred Frings, perhaps the foremost authority on Max Scheler’s thoughts

  13. Conceptualising holiness in the Gospel of John: The mode and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2017-02-24

    Feb 24, 2017 ... identify a parallelism in 17:20–23. 40.The function of this parallelism is, firstly, to emphasise the unity aspect and, secondly, to relate the purpose of the mission of Jesus (salvation and revelation) with this concept of unity. This refers implicitly to 17:1–5, where the glory of God and Jesus is explained and ...

  14. Exploring barriers to effective youth curriculum implementation in the Trans-Orange Conference of the Seventh Day Adventist Church / Justice Mavanyisi Mongwe

    OpenAIRE

    Mongwe, Justice Mavanyisi

    2014-01-01

    This research sought to establish the hindrances/barriers to the effective implementation of the Adventist youth ministry curriculum in the congregations of the Trans-Orange Conference. The theological and Biblical foundations that underpin the church’s youth ministry and its curriculum ought to provide the church with a cutting edge in its youth ministry, and ought to assist tremendously in achieving the major twin goals of its youth ministry, i.e. salvation and service. Its detailed curricu...

  15. Inkuisisi Gereja Katolik Terhadap Umat Islamdi Spanyol

    OpenAIRE

    Nur Fitriyana, Nur Fitriyana

    2016-01-01

    For Catholics, Jesus was the only legitimate way to salvation. Then the consequence of that was the creed outside the church as heretical teaching. The Inquisition was a tribunal set up by the church to investigate (inquirere from Latin), whether the statement of faith of the members in accordance with the teachings of the church. Based on historical fact, there are three kinds of Inquisition in church history, namely: 1) the Inquisition held in 1184 in southern France, to hand...

  16. Urban Population Control in a Counterinsurgency

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-01-01

    Crater district has an interesting variety of Yemeni, Indian and Victorian 12 architecture. Ancient walls and towers still guard the city. Excessive... marriages and deaths 4. Tax rolls 5. School registration and student identification cards 6. Land and property title registration and deeds 7...company has indeed renovated downtown Beirut, restoring a number of Ottoman era buildings that most observers thought were beyond salvation. But these

  17. The Sacramental and Moral-Educational Function of the Christian Orthodox Cult

    OpenAIRE

    Miron Vasile

    2014-01-01

    The Christian Orthodox Cult intervenes for our Salvation and blessing, gives us the possibility to cherish God and to offer Him our gratitude for the bounties we receive through religious services. This divine Cult helps us stay in touch with Him, deepen our faith, clean our sense, enlighten our mind, become stronger in our decision of doing good deeds and live like brothers in the spirit of the Christian love.

  18. The Sacramental and Moral-Educational Function of the Christian Orthodox Cult

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miron Vasile

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available The Christian Orthodox Cult intervenes for our Salvation and blessing, gives us the possibility to cherish God and to offer Him our gratitude for the bounties we receive through religious services. This divine Cult helps us stay in touch with Him, deepen our faith, clean our sense, enlighten our mind, become stronger in our decision of doing good deeds and live like brothers in the spirit of the Christian love.

  19. Wat is ’n godsdienstige kulte?

    OpenAIRE

    H. G. Stoker; P. J. de Bruyn

    1995-01-01

    In this article it is indicated that a religious sect should be distinguished from a religious cult. A religious cult can be defined as a religious group that actively sets out to control both the earthly and eternal lives of its members. A cult specifically tries to control the members' behaviour, thoughts, emotions or feelings, information and environment, language, norms, history, view of God, salvation, interpretation of the Scriptures, doctrines and membership. When the gospel is preache...

  20. YHWH, the God of new beginnings: Micah’s testimony

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wilhelm Wessels

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The book of Micah is known for its judgement oracles against the leadership structures in the Southern Kingdom, Judah. Besides the judgement oracles, however, the book also contains oracles of salvation. Scholars have noted and commented on this interruption of predominant judgement oracles by oracles of salvation. The composition of the book has been scrutinised, with many scholars suggesting that the salvation oracles were inserted later to soften the harsh, condemning nature of the book. For the purposes of this article I would like to propose a theological reading of the juxtaposition of Micah 3:12 and 4:1, two passages containing judgement and salvation oracles respectively. The solutions offered to explain the drastic contrast between these two passages have to a great extent reached an impasse. However, from a theological perspective, I argue that these two radically contradictory messages are a reflection of the very nature of YHWH’s interaction with his people. Micah 3:12 reflects a point in history where YHWH has had enough of morally corrupt leaders and people, and announces that he is bringing matters to a painful end. However, YHWH is also the God of new beginnings. He states in Micah 4:1ff. that there will come a day when things will change for the better for the people of Judah and that a time of restoration will come for his people. His desire remains to be their God and to restore them to be his people. The article seeks to show that this example, which reflects YHWH as the God of new beginnings, is not an isolated example in the prophetic literature, but consistent with YHWH’s nature.

  1. LOGOS, JESUS EN GOD IN JOHANNES 1:1-5: 'N TEKSTUELE ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    EvQ 53:65-77. 1989. Salvation history in the Prologue of John: The signification of John 1:3/4. Leiden: Brill. SupplNT 60. mouLton, W.F., hoWArD, W.F. & turner, n. 1963-1979. A Grammar of New Testament Greek, II. Edinburgh: T & T Clark. oLyAn, s.m.. 1993. “A thousand thousands served him”: Exegesis and the naming of ...

  2. YHWH, the God of new beginnings: Micah’s testimony

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wilhelm Wessels

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available The book of Micah is known for its judgement oracles against the leadership structures in the Southern Kingdom, Judah. Besides the judgement oracles, however, the book also contains oracles of salvation. Scholars have noted and commented on this interruption of predominant judgement oracles by oracles of salvation. The composition of the book has been scrutinised, with many scholars suggesting that the salvation oracles were inserted later to soften the harsh, condemning nature of the book. For the purposes of this article I would like to propose a theological reading of the juxtaposition of Micah 3:12 and 4:1, two passages containing judgement and salvation oracles respectively. The solutions offered to explain the drastic contrast between these two passages have to a great extent reached an impasse. However, from a theological perspective, I argue that these two radically contradictory messages are a reflection of the very nature of YHWH’s interaction with his people. Micah 3:12 reflects a point in history where YHWH has had enough of morally corrupt leaders and people, and announces that he is bringing matters to a painful end. However, YHWH is also the God of new beginnings. He states in Micah 4:1ff. that there will come a day when things will change for the better for the people of Judah and that a time of restoration will come for his people. His desire remains to be their God and to restore them to be his people. The article seeks to show that this example, which reflects YHWH as the God of new beginnings, is not an isolated example in the prophetic literature, but consistent with YHWH’s nature.

  3. Measurement of the bremsstrahlung spectra generated from thick ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    [13] Mars Semaan and C A Quarles, X-ray Spectrom. 30, 37 (2001). [14] A N Agnihotri, V S Subrahmanyam, R K Yadav, R Shanker and X Llovet, J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 41, 065205 (2008). [15] F Salvat, J M Fernández-Varea and J Sempau, PENELOPE-2006: A code sys- tem for Monte Carlo simulation of electron and ...

  4. MIT Lincoln Laboratory 2010 Facts

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-01

    assistance with commuting: n Hitch-a-Ride Matching Service n Rideshare Program n Guaranteed Ride Home Program n MBTA Pass Program Brown Bag...The Homeland Protection/Bio-Chem Defense Systems Workshop presents technological developments in home - land air defense, border security, critical...distributed to food pantries 50 Community Outreach in the area, and clothing is given to a number of shelters and the Salvation Army. The Holiday

  5. Romanian welfare state between excess and failure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristina Ciuraru-Andrica

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Timely or not, our issue can bring back to life some prolific discussions, sometimes diametrical. We strike the social assistance, where, at this moment, is still uncertain if, once unleashed the excess, the failure will come inevitably or there is a “Salvation Ark”. However, the difference between the excess and the failure of the welfare state is almost intangible, the reason of his potential failure being actually the abuses made until the start of depression.

  6. Has Capitalism Lost its Puritan Spirit? What do Recent WVS Data Say about Religiosity and Work Values?

    OpenAIRE

    Veysel Bozkurt; Birol Yesilada

    2017-01-01

    This paper tests the arguments of social theorists about the changing spirit of capitalism in countries with different levels of economic development using the recent World Values Survey (WVS). Max Weber claimed that the Protestant Ethic was the spirit of capitalism for salvation and improved economic development in Europe. During the last 40 years, sociologists, such as Bell and Bauman, have claimed that capitalism has started to lose its puritan spirit and a new secular/hedonist personality...

  7. Religion as a solvent: a lecture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antônio Flávio Pierucci

    Full Text Available Contrary to Durkheim, for whom the role of religion is to reconnect the individual with the society to which he belongs, this essay argues that nowadays religion's social power lies in its capacity to dissolve old religious bonds and lineages. Taking Max Weber's work as its base, the text maintains that the universal religion of individual salvation, the religious form that tends to predominate above all others, works as a device that disconnects people from their mother-culture.

  8. Of Eden and Nazareth: Stories to capture the imagination

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yolande Steenkamp

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available In pursuit of counter-traditions that have read the Eden narrative without subscribing to the Christian fall�redemption paradigm, this article engages Richard Kearney�s hermeneutical� phenomenological reading of the imagination to explore new avenues for imagining sin and salvation along post-metaphysical lines. The first section provides insights proceeding from an intratextual reading of the Eden narrative. The second section proceeds to incorporate the biblical and rabbinical concept of the yetser to elaborate the reading described above. The section follows Kearney�s reading of the Eden narrative to elicit the imagination along ethical lines as humanity�s passion for the possible. The third section reads the annunciation narrative along these same lines, illustrating how a divine kingdom of justice and love is possibilised by an imagination captured by divine promise and hospitality. By reading these two narratives together through the lense of the imagination, novel ways of rethinking sin and salvation along post-metaphysical lines emerge that portray salvation as human participation in God�s ongoing creation of justice and love, thus enabling the God Who May Be.Intradisciplinary and/or interdisciplinary implications: This article is relevant to the fields of philosophy, philosophy of religion and theology. The narratives of fall and promise, previously read by philosopher Richard Kearney in different contexts and not in relation to one another, are read here from a decidedly theological point of view.

  9. The sacramental character of man and of creation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    STOIAN Mihai Sebastian

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available God made Himself a man for man to reach the likeness of God – this is the essential idea of the oikonomia of our salvation, dear to all the Church Fathers, from Saint Irenaeus to Saint Athanasius the Great and the essence of Christ, mystery and original and fundamental sacrament of our meeting with God and of our salvation, of all of us, in Christ, and of the acquisition by each man of the fruits of salvation and deification through Christ, in the Holy Spirit, in His Church. Christ’s mystery and sacrament begins by the Embodiment of the Father’s Logos. The Passions, the cross, the tomb and the resurrection are its continuation. And all these translate the mystery of the reason why God created everything and the very mystery of man - participating to the original mystery, namely Christ, and the Church, as sacrament. Therefore, Christ is the Mystery and the sacrament by excellence - original and general -, spring and content of all the mysteries and sacraments, condition and explanation of all these.

  10. "Music for a National Defense": Making Martial Music during the Anti-Japanese War

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joshua H. Howard

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This article examines the popularization of “mass songs” among Chinese Communist troops during the Anti-Japanese War by highlighting the urban origins of the National Salvation Song Movement and the key role it played in bringing songs to the war front. The diffusion of a new genre of march songs pioneered by Nie Er was facilitated by compositional devices that reinforced the ideological message of the lyrics, and by the National Salvation Song Movement. By the mid-1930s, this grassroots movement, led by Liu Liangmo, converged with the tail end of the proletarian arts movement that sought to popularize mass art and create a “music for national defense.” Once the war broke out, both Nationalists and Communists provided organizational support for the song movement by sponsoring war zone service corps and mobile theatrical troupes that served as conduits for musicians to propagate their art in the hinterland. By the late 1930s, as the United Front unraveled, a majority of musicians involved in the National Salvation Song Movement moved to the Communist base areas. Their work for the New Fourth Route and Eighth Route Armies, along with Communist propaganda organizations, enabled their songs to spread throughout the ranks.

  11. Defense of a fragment: The theological pertinence of the advanced symphony of Christian Duquoc

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo Sérgio Carrara

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The article is situated in the area of inter-religious dialogue, one of the great paradigms of actual theology. After Vatican Council II, which treated about the salvation of non Christians and of the members of other religions, theology deepened this theme and appeared several proposals for an inter-religious dialogue. For theologians it imposed the challenge of joining the constructive necessity of Jesus Christ for the salvation of all and the place of other religious traditions in God’s salvation plan. The proposal of the French Catholic theologian, Christian Duquoc, which he called postponed symphony, arouses attention to its singularity in affirming the positive side of the divisions and fragments. His approach is situated within the Catholic Theology that emerged after Vatican II, in which there are several prospects for interreligious dialogue. His theology emphasizes the role of the Holy Spirit in building the possible unity in diversity of fragments. The present article evaluates the theological importance of the French theologian’s proposal in favor of inter-religious dialogue. 

  12. La Iglesia y la universalidad de la salvación en el cristianismo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo Polanco

    2003-01-01

    Dios, para seguimiento de los hombres; y como instrumento de la gracia, que intercede por todos. A ella se vinculan todos los hombres de diversos modos. El autor concluye afirmando que la realidad de la Iglesia muestra que Dios asume lo finito y lo hace lugar e instrumento de salvación para los hombresThe present article is a reflection about the universality of the salvation in the Christianity. It begins defining the salvation as men's communion with God and among men, with the meaning of plenitude for mankind. Then, it refers to Christ as the only mediator between God and mankind, because it is God himself incarnated as a man, insuperable plenitude of the revelation. This salvation, because of its characteristics of definite and absolute, becomes eschatological and universal. On the other hand, if the whole mankind has been transformed (=sanctified for the coming of Christ, it is called at the same time to receive conscious and freely this universal salvation. It is the God's kingdom that has broken into earth. Then, the article studies the role of the Church in this universal salvation: as of incarnation, that has done the concrete way of salvation, the Church has established as sacrament, that means, the universal sign and instrument of salvation. It is the presence of Christ in the everlasting history of salvation. The Church, although is a little flock, at the same time it is the safe germ of salvation, because it is, at the same time, sacrament of God's kingdom, sacrament of Christ dead and resurrected, sacrament of Holy Spirit and eschatological reality. Afterwards, the author reflects on the fact of the sacramental characteristic of the Church: the "ecclesial" (ie. the formal and established organization belongs to the essence of the relation of man with God, and the symbolic-sacramental belongs to the essence of human communication. That is the reason, the Word, in the incarnation, has assumed the human reality and has become the Father's sacraments, and

  13. Hick’s Religious Pluralism and Plantinga’s Exclusivism in a Comparative Encounter

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    Mahdi Jahanmehr

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The issue of religious diversity is one of the significant issues in philosophy of religion. The existence of different religions in the world is an inevitable fact. Nowadays, due to the unprecedented development of information technology and public awareness of different beliefs across the nations have made the acknowledgement of religious diversity more widespread than the past. Being this the case, the questions as to religious diversity have been taken to the fore and contemporary man finds himself exposed to the question that how should a believer approach the other beliefs? Could all religions despite the differences they have in their dogmas, beliefs and doctrines be legitimate? Will the followers of all beliefs touch salvation?       Accordingly, among the key issues of philosophy of religion are the issue of legitimacy of different religions and the issue of salvation of followers of different creeds. This essay is an epistemological assessment of Hick and Plantinga on the legitimacy of religions in a comparative context. The following questions represent the guidelines of the present essay: How much is pluralism rationally and epistemologically feasible in its claim as to the legitimacy of all beliefs and the equal access of followers of all creeds to salvation? Does Plantinga's exclusivist taking as to religious truth and salvation and narrowing them down to Christianity and Christians have rational and epistemological justification? Hick has propounded his pluralism as a cure to difficulties caused by Christian religious exclusivism and inclusivism. Having insisted on the salvation promoting evolution from egotism to theism as the basic substance of religion, Hick traces the differences of religions back to the inattention to the symbolic language of religion. On the other hand, Plantinga takes the existing differences between religions as an evidence indicating the contradictoriness of pluralism and legitimacy of religious

  14. Hick’s Religious Pluralism and Plantinga’s Exclusivism in a Comparative Encounter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abbas Yazdani

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The issue of religious diversity is one of the significant issues in philosophy of religion. The existence of different religions in the world is an inevitable fact. Nowadays, due to the unprecedented development of information technology and public awareness of different beliefs across the nations have made the acknowledgement of religious diversity more widespread than the past. Being this the case, the questions as to religious diversity have been taken to the fore and contemporary man finds himself exposed to the question that how should a believer approach the other beliefs? Could all religions despite the differences they have in their dogmas, beliefs and doctrines be legitimate? Will the followers of all beliefs touch salvation?       Accordingly, among the key issues of philosophy of religion are the issue of legitimacy of different religions and the issue of salvation of followers of different creeds. This essay is an epistemological assessment of Hick and Plantinga on the legitimacy of religions in a comparative context. The following questions represent the guidelines of the present essay: How much is pluralism rationally and epistemologically feasible in its claim as to the legitimacy of all beliefs and the equal access of followers of all creeds to salvation? Does Plantinga's exclusivist taking as to religious truth and salvation and narrowing them down to Christianity and Christians have rational and epistemological justification? Hick has propounded his pluralism as a cure to difficulties caused by Christian religious exclusivism and inclusivism. Having insisted on the salvation promoting evolution from egotism to theism as the basic substance of religion, Hick traces the differences of religions back to the inattention to the symbolic language of religion. On the other hand, Plantinga takes the existing differences between religions as an evidence indicating the contradictoriness of pluralism and legitimacy of religious

  15. The complete mitochondrial genome of Symphylella sp. (Myriapoda: Symphyla): Extensive gene order rearrangement and evidence in favor of Progoneata.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gai, Yonghua; Song, Daxiang; Sun, Hongying; Yang, Qun; Zhou, Kaiya

    2008-11-01

    We determined the complete 14,667bp mitochondrial DNA sequence of Symphylella sp., the first representative of the Scolopendrellidae (Arthropoda: Myriapoda: Symphyla). With respect to the ancestral arthropod mitochondrial gene order, two protein-coding genes, the rRNAs and 10 of the tRNAs appear to be rearranged. This rearrangement is novel in the arthropods and genes with identical transcriptional polarity are clustered except for trnE, trnN and putative control region (CR), resembling two previously reported diplopod genomes. A duplication/loss (random and non-random)-recombination model was proposed to account for the generation of the gene order in Symphylella sp. All phylogenetic analysis yielded strong support for a clade of Symphyla plus Diplopoda, i.e., Progoneata. However, the phylogenetic position of Myriapoda within Arthropoda remains unclear. The amino acid dataset gives strong support for an affinity to Pancrustacea, while the nucleotide dataset weakly supports Myriapoda grouped with Chelicerata.

  16. Identification, structure, and properties of hemocyanins from Diplopod myriapoda.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jaenicke, E; Decker, H; Gebauer, W; Markl, J; Burmester, T

    1999-10-08

    Hemocyanins are copper-containing, respiratory proteins that occur in the hemolymph of many arthropod species. Here we report for the first time the presence of hemocyanins in the diplopod Myriapoda, demonstrating that these proteins are more widespread among the Arthropoda than previously thought. The hemocyanin of Spirostreptus sp. (Diplopoda: Spirostreptidae) is composed of two immunologically distinct subunits in the 75-kDa range that are most likely arranged in a 36-mer (6 x 6) native molecule. It has a high oxygen affinity (P(50) = 4.7 torr) but low cooperativity (h = 1.3 +/- 0.2). Spirostreptus hemocyanin is structurally similar to the single known hemocyanin from the myriapod taxon, Scutigera coleoptrata (Chilopoda), indicating a rather conservative architecture of the myriapod hemocyanins. Western blotting demonstrates shared epitopes of Spirostreptus hemocyanin with both chelicerate and crustacean hemocyanins, confirming its identity as an arthropod hemocyanin.

  17. Molecular phylogeny of Myriapoda provides insights into evolutionary patterns of the mode in post-embryonic development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miyazawa, Hideyuki; Ueda, Chiaki; Yahata, Kensuke; Su, Zhi-Hui

    2014-02-18

    Myriapoda, a subphylum of Arthropoda, comprises four classes, Chilopoda, Diplopoda, Pauropoda, and Symphyla. While recent molecular evidence has shown that Myriapoda is monophyletic, the internal phylogeny, which is pivotal for understanding the evolutionary history of myriapods, remains unresolved. Here we report the results of phylogenetic analyses and estimations of divergence time and ancestral state of myriapods. Phylogenetic analyses were performed based on three nuclear protein-coding genes determined from 19 myriapods representing the four classes (17 orders) and 11 outgroup species. The results revealed that Symphyla whose phylogenetic position has long been debated is the sister lineage to all other myriapods, and that the interordinal relationships within classes were consistent with traditional classifications. Ancestral state estimation based on the tree topology suggests that myriapods evolved from an ancestral state that was characterized by a hemianamorphic mode of post-embryonic development and had a relatively low number of body segments and legs.

  18. Occurrence and characterization of entomogen galls in plants from natural vegetation areas in Delfinópolis, MG, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Urso-Guimarães M. V.

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available In the present work we aimed to register the occurrence of galls, inductors, inquilines, and parasitoids in plants of three natural vegetation areas in Delfinópolis, MG, Brazil. Results obtained showed 22 types of galls collected from leaf, vein leaf, petioles, stem, and inflorescence of nineteen species belonging to fifteen distinct families. Concerning gall morphology, the following were collected: globoid, conicle, discoidal, fusiform, shell-shape, indefinite, and one substituition of an ovary by an immature. As principal inducers were found insects of the families Cecidomyiidae (Diptera, Psyllidae, and Diaspididae (Sternorrhyncha/Hemiptera. As parasitoids the most common are of the Chalcidoidea superfamily (Hymenoptera and, as occasional inquilines, Polyxenidae (Diplopoda and Psocodea (Psocoptera. The results of this study contribute to existing of knowledge host-plant diversity and gall-associated insects in rocky fields, cerrado, and gallery forests.

  19. Conteúdo dos criadouros larvais e comportamento de adultos de Toxorhynchites (Lynchiella haemorrhoidalis haemorrhoidalis (Fabricius (Diptera, Culicidae numa floresta de terra-firme da Amazônia central Larval breeding site contents and adult behavior of toxorhynchites (Lynchiella haemorrhoidalis haemorrhoidalis (Fabricius (Diptera, Culicidae in an upland forest of the central amazon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosa Sá Gomes Hutchings

    1995-01-01

    Full Text Available The natural breeding sites of Toxorhynchites (Lynchiella haemorrhoidalis haemorihoidalis (Fabricius, 1794, in two study areas, were sampled monthly, during a period of one year, in an upland "terra-firme" forest of the Central Amazon. These natural breeding sites, consisting of water filled palm bracts on the ground, contained invertobrates and vertebrates along with palm inflorescences, leaves and twigs. The inhabitants of the non-submersed area of the bracts include Diplopoda, Acarina, Araneae, Pseudoscorpiones, Isopoda, Blattodea, Coleoptera (Carabidae, Curculionidae, Scolytidae, Staphilinidae. Collembola, Dermaptera, Diptera (Cecidomyidae, Drosophilidae, Mycetophilidae, Tipulidae, Hemiptera, Hymenoptera and Trichoptera. The submersed areas of the bracts were inhabited by Oligochaeta, Coleoptera (Dysticidae, Helodidae, Histeridae, Hydrophilidae, Limnebiidae, Diptera (Ceratopogonidae, Chirononiidae, Culicidae, Psychodidae, Stratiomyidae, Syrphidae. Odonata, along with immature Dendrobatidae e Hylidae. The ovipositing, resting and feeding behaviors of T. h. haemorrhoidalis adults are described.

  20. Fauna edáfica em plantio inicial de Eucalyptus sob diferentes alternativas de controle de plantas daninhas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juliana Garlet

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste estudo foi averiguar o efeito de diferentes alternativas de  controle químico de plantas daninhas na fauna de solo, em plantio de Eucalyptus grandis. Os tratamentos avaliados consistiram de controles parciais e total da vegetação infestante, e as coletas foram realizadas por meio  de armadilha de solo (pitfall. Foram coletados 26.136 espécimes, distribuídos em 13 grupos taxonômicos (Araneae, Blattodea, Chilopoda, Collembola, Coleoptera, Diplopoda, Diptera, Hemiptera, Hymenoptera, Termitoidea, Orthoptera, Opilione e formas jovens. Os tratamentos onde houve permanência de vegetação infestante apresentaram valores mais elevados com relação aos índices avaliados.

  1. Double-blind study with topical Isoconazole and Terbinafine for the treatment of one patient with bilateral Tinea nigra plantaris and suggestions for new differential diagnosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rossetto, André Luiz; Cruz, Rosana Cé Bella; Haddad Junior, Vidal

    2013-01-01

    The authors report a case of bilateral Tinea nigra plantaris treated through a double-blind study with the topical antifungal agents Isoconazole and Terbinafine. The objective of the study was to clinically compare the efficacy of these two topical antifungal agents on days 10, 20 and 30 of the treatment. No significant clinical differences were found, as all the plantar lesions regressed completely by the end of the treatment. Our conclusion was that in the case reported, the topical antifungal agents Isoconazole and Terbinafine demonstrated identical efficacy as a clinical cure. We also suggest the inclusion of injuries caused by arthropods of the Diplopoda Class in the differential diagnosis of Tinea nigra plantaris, due to the persistent acral hyperpigmentation.

  2. Millipedes as Food for Humans: Their Nutritional and Possible Antimalarial Value—A First Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Henrik Enghoff

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The first record of millipedes (Diplopoda being regularly used for food by humans (the Bobo people of Burkina Faso is given, including information on how the millipedes are prepared. The species in question are Tymbodesmus falcatus (Karsch, 1881 and Sphenodesmus sheribongensis (Schiøtz, 1966 (Gomphodesmidae and an unidentified species of Spirostreptidae. New information on the nutritional value of millipedes is provided; unsaturated fatty acids, calcium, and iron contents are particularly high. The millipedes’ defensive secretions, hydrogen cyanide and benzoquinones, present a severe challenge for the spread of millipedes as an everyday food source. On the other hand, the possibility that benzoquinones may act as insect-repellents, as known from studies on nonhuman primates, and that sublethal cyanide ingestion may enhance human innate resistance to malaria, suggests promising ethnomedical perspectives to our findings.

  3. Terrestrial cave invertebrates of the Vrachanska Planina Mountains

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    PETAR BERON

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available The modern biospeleological research in Bulgaria started in 1921 in the Ledenika Cave. From 65 caves of “Vrachanski Balkan” Nature Park and its surroundings have been recorded a total of 218 species of terrestrial invertebrates, including 32 species of troglobionts, most of them endemic to Vrachanska Planina Mts. (including the caves near Lakatnik: Isopoda Oniscoidea – 4, Chilopoda – 1, Diplopoda – 5, Opiliones – 2, Pseudoscorpiones – 3, Araneae – 3, Collembola – 2, Diplura – 2, Coleoptera, Carabidae – 7, Coleoptera, Leiodidae – 3. Troglobites are known from 51 caves, the richest being the caves near Lakatnik (Temnata dupka - 10, Zidanka - 7, Razhishkata dupka - 5, Svinskata dupka - 6, Kozarskata peshtera - 5, near Vratsa (Ledenika - 11, Barkite 8 - 5, Belyar - 6, Toshova dupka near Glavatsi - 6 and others.

  4. A review of the correlation of tergites, sternites, and leg pairs in diplopods

    Science.gov (United States)

    Janssen, Ralf; Prpic, Nikola-Michael; Damen, Wim GM

    2006-01-01

    In some arthropods there is a discrepancy in the number of dorsal tergites compared to the number of ventral sternites and leg pairs. The posterior tergites of the Diplopoda (millipedes) each cover two sternites and two pairs of legs. This segment arrangement is called diplosegmentation. The molecular nature of diplosegmentation is still unknown. There are even conflicting theories on the way the tergites and sternites/leg pairs should be correlated to each other. The different theories are based either on embryological analyses or on studies of the adult morphology and turned out to be not compatible with each other. We have previously used the expression patterns of segmentation genes in the pill millipede Glomeris marginata (Myriapoda: Diplopoda) to study millipede segmentation. Here we review the existing models on the alignment of tergites and leg pairs in millipedes with special emphasis on the implications the gene expression data have on the debate of tergite and leg pair assignment in millipedes. The remarkable outcome of the gene expression analysis was that (1) there is no coupling of dorsal and ventral segmentation and, importantly, that (2) the boundaries delimiting the tergites do neither correlate to the embryonic boundaries of the dorsal embryonic segments nor to the boundaries of the ventral embryonic segments. Using these new insights, we critically reinvestigated the correlation of tergites, sternites, and leg pairs in millipedes. Our model, which takes into account that the tergite boundaries are different from the dorsal embryonic segment boundaries, provides a solution of the problem of tergite to sternite/leg pair correlation in basal milipedes with non-fused exoskeletal elements and also has implications for derived species with exoskeletal rings. Moreover, lack of coupling of dorsal and ventral segmentation may also explain the discrepancy in numbers of dorsal tergites and ventral leg pairs seen in some other arthropods. PMID:16451739

  5. A review of the correlation of tergites, sternites, and leg pairs in diplopods

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Damen Wim GM

    2006-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract In some arthropods there is a discrepancy in the number of dorsal tergites compared to the number of ventral sternites and leg pairs. The posterior tergites of the Diplopoda (millipedes each cover two sternites and two pairs of legs. This segment arrangement is called diplosegmentation. The molecular nature of diplosegmentation is still unknown. There are even conflicting theories on the way the tergites and sternites/leg pairs should be correlated to each other. The different theories are based either on embryological analyses or on studies of the adult morphology and turned out to be not compatible with each other. We have previously used the expression patterns of segmentation genes in the pill millipede Glomeris marginata (Myriapoda: Diplopoda to study millipede segmentation. Here we review the existing models on the alignment of tergites and leg pairs in millipedes with special emphasis on the implications the gene expression data have on the debate of tergite and leg pair assignment in millipedes. The remarkable outcome of the gene expression analysis was that (1 there is no coupling of dorsal and ventral segmentation and, importantly, that (2 the boundaries delimiting the tergites do neither correlate to the embryonic boundaries of the dorsal embryonic segments nor to the boundaries of the ventral embryonic segments. Using these new insights, we critically reinvestigated the correlation of tergites, sternites, and leg pairs in millipedes. Our model, which takes into account that the tergite boundaries are different from the dorsal embryonic segment boundaries, provides a solution of the problem of tergite to sternite/leg pair correlation in basal milipedes with non-fused exoskeletal elements and also has implications for derived species with exoskeletal rings. Moreover, lack of coupling of dorsal and ventral segmentation may also explain the discrepancy in numbers of dorsal tergites and ventral leg pairs seen in some other

  6. Influência da aplicação de calcário na população da meso e macrofauna do solo sob sistema plantio direto Influence of lime application on meso and macrofauna of the soil under no-tillage system

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ecila Maria Nunes Giracca

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available No presente estudo avaliou-se o efeito de diferentes doses e modos de aplicação de calcário em plantio direto em campo nativo sobre a fauna edáfica, após cinco anos da aplicação. Organismos da fauna epiedáfica foram coletados com armadilhas tipo Provid e macrorganismos euedáficos utilizando monolitos de solos em duas épocas de amostragem: inverno e verão. Os organismos foram identificados ao nível de classe e ordem. Foram identificados 17 grupos taxonômicos, com ocorrência de cinco classes: Arachnida, Diplopoda, Crustacea, Oligochaeta e Insecta. A abundância de organismos apresentou maior variação em função das diferentes épocas de coleta e não sofreu influência das diferentes doses e modos de aplicação de calcário avaliados.In the present study one evaluated the effect of different methods and levels of lime application on soil under no-tillage system on edaphic fauna, after five years of the application. Organisms of epiedaphic fauna were sampled with "Provid" traps and euedaphics macrorganisms using soil monoliths in two sampling time: winter and summer. The organisms under study were identified in laboratory at class and order levels. One identified 17 taxonomics groups, with five classes: Arachnida, Diplopoda, Crustacea, Oligochaeta and Insecta. The abundance of organisms showed higher variation in function of different sampling time than the levels and methods of lime application.

  7. The Hindu view on facts (Karman as reflected in Bhagavad Gītā and Upanishads and their role in Christianity

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    PhD. Alexandru-Corneliu ARION

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Out of the four fundamental concepts or pillars of Indian religious thinking the present paper aims at disclosing the meaning and significance of the law of universal causality that binds man and cosmos, and condemns the former to an indefinite transmigration, i.e. the law of karma. This pan-Indian term will be underlined as it is reflected in the most important Upanishads and in Bhagavad Gītā, the gospel of Hindu spirituality. On the final part a parallel – between this concept and the teaching about the role of facts in the process of salvation according to the Orthodox Christian theology – will be drawn. In short, karma is a sort of law of causality that makes any action committed by individual leaving behind it a kind of force that causes the joys and sorrows of life, as the action was good or bad. According to Orthodox Church’s teaching good deeds is, along with faith and grace the subjective conditions of salvation, i.e. personal appropriation by every man of the objective redemption brought about by Jesus Christ, the God-man. This appropriation called salvation or sanctification is not simply a gift from God, but a permanent action that lasts throughout human life. If the law of karma acts implacably and independently to the will of man, stamping a fatalist character to life and undermining the human freedom, in Orthodoxy, however, man is not alone, but permanently assisted by the divine grace. But grace does not work irresistibly; it respects human freedom, so the facts present an obvious synergetic character. Therefore, between the Christian teaching on facts and the philosophy of the act, as it emerges from the Upanishads and the Bhagavad Gītā is an abysmal distance that comes to differentiate these two religions on this level as well.

  8. Book in three volumes of dr. John Puricha: Theology and pedagogy of St. John Chrysostom

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    Parlić-Božović Jasna Lj.

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Before the is latest work of Bishop Dr John Puric, by its importance, analytically decorated works, an impressive and voluminous number of facts happy including pedagogical Serbian public. Specifically, our pedagogical public is missing in this way displayed the Orthodox point of view of observation pedagogical crown and top categories. Episkom John was the there / volume work attempted to provide the interested reader the personality profile of any precise data from the conception of St. John Crisostom by looking at the same time as its pedagogy, and theology. Moreover these two concepts and bringing them to their assence, John episcope them actually connects into one inseparable unity. Therefore, this work has a multiple value and importance esportance especially for educators, who have not tried or had the oppotunality to see and understand the pedagogy of Orthodox theology in general, decorated with the ideas of Saint John Chrysostom special. Mindfullpeace as heir and successor creative Cappadocia 'novonikejske' trijadologije, St. John Chrystom recognizes the statut of Divine pedagogy educational philanthropy and philanthropic saving of pedagogy in each of the three Divine Persons. God the Father is this part, written by Bishop John, and from the perspective of John Chrysostom, is uncreated and unborn educationak philanthropy source of grace of the Holy Trinity. God the Son, and of the Father, uncreated etrinilly born, only begotten Son of God, newborn Logos, Jesus Christ the God/ man, BewAdam is alive and saving, hypostatic Ikonomija God, great mystery of the faith- God is reported in the body, the Divine Krishna- resurrect pedagogy, in which the comic-eschatologiocal Body, Church of Heaven and Earth, The Secret New Substances contain - the salvation of all creation, all creatures animate and inanimate. The salvation of man and the world, in the Divine dispensation and the pedagogy of salvation invation involve all there persons of the Holy

  9. Islamist Women of Hamas : Between Feminism and Nationalism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Islah Jad

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available In December, 1995,when Hamas announced the establishment of the Islamic National Salvation Party, a political organisation separate from its military wing, it opened the way for involvement of the Islamic movement in the political processes brought about in the West Bank and Gaza with the signing of the Oslo Accords and the arrival of the Palestinian National Authority. In speaking of the rights of different groups, including women, in its founding statement, and in setting up in Gaza a Women’s Action Department, the new Party opened its doors to the ‘new Islamic woman’ and to a significant evolution in Islamist gender ideology in Gaza, if not in the West Bank -- where, due to Hamas’ policy there of targeting only males, there exists no parallel to the Salvation Party or organisational support for women like that represented by the Women’s Action Department in Gaza. Hamas’ gender ideology, like that of the secularist parties, remains contradictory, and doors to women’s equality only partly open ; nevertheless, Islamist women have managed to build impressive, well-organised women’s constituencies among highly educated and professional women coming from poor and refugee backgrounds ; and the Salvation Party shows an increasing tendency to foster gender equality and more egalitarian social ideals, while holding fast to the agenda of national liberation. These advances have been achieved both through alternative interpretations of Islamic legal and religious texts, and through positive engagement with the discourses of other groups, whether secular feminists or nationalists. In contrast, secularists are losing ground by advocating a discourse of rights in isolation from the national agenda and in the absence of a mobilising organisation. These developments suggest possibilities for mutual accommodation between Islamist and other Palestinian groups. They suggest also that the nature of the state proposed by Islamists will depend to

  10. Binding of ether and carbonyl oxygens to lithium ion

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Blint, R.J. [Physical Chemistry Dept., Warren, MI (United States)

    1994-12-31

    The electrolyte for a lithium battery is a lithium salt (e.g. lithium Perchlorate) dissolved in an organic solvent or a mixture of organic solvents. The conductivity in these electrolytes is ionic and needs to be as high as possible to efficiently remove energy from the battery. The diffusion coefficient of the solvated ion in liquid electrolytes is inversely dependent on the radius of the salvation sphere. Consequently conductivity will increase with a decrease in the size of the salvation shell. The size of the salvation shell is determined by the size and coordination number of the solvent molecules. The types of organic solvents in electrolytes used in lithium battery applications are usually differentiated based on their perceived solvation properties. These solvents are often small, oxygen containing organic molecules which move with the Li{sup +} ions. This paper calculates the binding energies of some of these solvents to Li{sup +} using molecular quantum mechanics (MQM) techniques. The binding energies of the various solvents to Li{sup +} may determine which solvents will be preferentially bound to the ion. In liquid organic electrolytes, then, it will be the identity of the solvent and the coordination number which most affect the conductivity; the binding energies determine both of these properties. Carbonyl oxygens which occur in formaldehyde, acetaldehyde, acetone, ethylene carbonate and propylene carbonate have different Li{sup +} bonding properties than do the ether oxygens which occur in water, dimethyl ether and diethyl ether. Polymer solvents for the lithium salts such as the polyethers have chains which are too long to move with the binding energies then serve as the basis for a different Li{sup +} transport. Dimethyl ether and diethyl ether serve both as solvents and models for the polyethers.

  11. “They Just Don’t Stand for Nothing”: LGBT Christians’ Definitions of Non-Religious Others

    OpenAIRE

    Sumerau, J E

    2016-01-01

    In this exploratory study, I examine how a group of LGBT Christians conceptualized non-religious others. Based on over 450 hours of fieldwork in an LGBT Christian church located in the southeastern region of the United States, I demonstrate how a group of LGBT Christians defined non-religious others as (1) morally suspect and untrustworthy, (2) in need of salvation and guidance, and (3) poor representations of the LGBT community. Although these LGBT Christians used “non-religious” as a catcha...

  12. Anomy in Dostoiévski: denial of references

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    Flávio Honório da Silva

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The paper aims to reflect about the concept of anomy in Notes from Underground from Dostoievski analyzing the exacerbated individualism, constant dissatisfaction, a ethical and moral vacuum triggered by exercise of the ratio between other elements that can be understood as a social sin. In a theological approach the paper want to draw a parallel between  the anomy as social sin and the consciousness of social sin as open to salvation trough love.Keywords: Anomie, social sin, nihilism, God

  13. Reprint of: A healthy island blue space: From space of detention to site of sanctuary.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kearns, Robin A; Collins, Damian; Conradson, David

    2015-09-01

    Island blue spaces are associated with restorative potential, but few studies examine this proposition when an island's use has changed over time. We examine Rotoroa Island (near Auckland, New Zealand) where, for almost a century, the Salvation Army ran an alcohol treatment facility. The island's relative isolation was central to its mixed therapeutic and carceral roles. Following change in treatment ideologies, the facility closed in 2005. It subsequently re-opened as a reserve for recreation, remembrance and environmental restoration. Our analysis focuses on the enabling resources at Rotoroa across these two eras, in the context of different constructions of healthy island blue space. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  14. Kaidan Eiga : El tsunami cinematográfico que aterrorizó al mundo

    OpenAIRE

    Castañer Ruiz, Sergio

    2016-01-01

    In 1998 a horror movie premiered in Japanese theaters that would break the rules of the genre and opened the eyes of thousands of people to Japanese cinema, showing them something new. This film was 'Ringu'(The Ring), a film about a cursed video tape which killed anyone that saw it seven days later. This pioneering film created a wave of Asian horror cinema which spread worldwide, acting as a springboard for directors wanting to make films and was the salvation of the horror genre which began...

  15. The events of 1812 in the comprehension of Russian writers and St. Theophan the Recluse

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    Mozharova Marina Anatolievna

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The article analyzes works of the Russian literature classics and about sermons of St. Theophan the Recluse covering the topic of 1812, which became the time of the true self-knowledge for the Russian people. By the will of Providence Russia was carried through the purgatorial suffering for salvation. Being enthusiastic about western education, contemporaries thoughtlessly sacrificed themselves in voluntary spiritual captivity of those terrible events have finally turned to faith, repentance and prayer. Lessons of 1812 that became a matter of thought for both the Orthodox pastors, and for Russian writers, will forever remain poignant reminder for the descendants.

  16. Mechanisms of p53-Mediated Apoptosis

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-03-01

    terminus. Cell 81:1021–1029. 27. Juan , L. J., W. J. Shia, M. H. Chen, W. M. Yang, E. Seto, Y. S. Lin, and C. W. VOL. 25, 2005 THE C TERMINUS REGULATES p53...functionally resembles p53. Nat. Med. 4:839–843. 45. Pariat, M., S. Carillo, M. Molinari, C. Salvat , L. Debussche, L. Bracco, J. Milner, and M. Piechaczyk. 1997...apoptosis. Nature 2000;408:377-81. 27. Juan LJ, Shia WJ, Chen MH, et al. Histone deacetylases specifically down-regulate p53- dependent gene

  17. Dostoevsky’s and Frank’s ideas of freedom

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    _ _

    2017-12-01

    in his salvation. The article is devoted to the comparison of the basic anthropological and personality concepts, as well as the idea of freedom and its characteristics in the works and works of both thinkers, in order to trace the continuity of Dostoevsky’s tradition with Frank in the framework of his anthropology and personalism in order to prove that for him human freedom and self-Man is an absolute value, his anthropology can be viewed in the context of his philosophy of unity and not contradict it.

  18. Le Christ médiateur: L’unicité et l’universalité de la médiation salvifique du Christ Jésus suivant Thomas d’Aquin

    OpenAIRE

    Emery, Gilles

    2013-01-01

    Chez Thomas d'Aquin (+1274), la conception du Christ Jésus comme médiateur unique et universel du salut se fonde dans la doctrine de l'union hypostatique et de la plénitude de grâce du Christ; elle implique l'efficience instrumentale de l'agir humain du Christ et son rôle de donateur de l'Esprit Saint. In the thought of Thomas Aquinas (d. 1274), the understanding of Jesus Christ as the one and universal mediator of salvation is founded in the doctrines of the hypostatic union and of ...

  19. So that We Might Become the Righteousness and Justice of God: Re-examining the Gospel in 2 Cor 5:21 for the Church's Contribution to a Better World

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    Ellington, Dustin W.

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This article interprets Paul's summary of the gospel in 2 Cor 5:21 as saying that Christ died so that believers might be transformed into God's righteousness (not only deemed as righteous by God. The article explains the powerfully generative nature of God's righteousness and then demonstrates that dikaiosunē also means justice. The interpretation of 2 Cor 5:21 clarifies that the gospel Christians believe for salvation is also a basis of holistic transformation to embody God's righteousness and justice. This enlarged perspective on the gospel supports seamless invitations to put faith in Jesus Christ and to become a force for justice in the world.

  20. FACEBOOK COMO FERRAMENTA DE INTERAÇÃO EXTRACLASSE PARA APRENDIZES DE LÍNGUA ESPANHOLA

    OpenAIRE

    Retamar, Hugo Jesús Correa

    2017-01-01

    RESUMO O artigo analisa, a partir dos textos de Riel & Polin (2004), Hewitt (2004), Stahl (2009; 2011), Rodríguez Illera (2007), Gros Salvat (2008) e Pochon-Berger (2011), as interações ocorridas através do Facebook entre alunos do Ensino Médio de uma escola pública como apoio extraclasse à aula de Língua Espanhola. Sendo uma presença bastante frequente na vida dos alunos de hoje, principalmente no que se refere ao Ensino Médio, o Facebook tem se apresentado como uma opção possível para o ens...

  1. REFLEXIONES: PETER CORNELIUS PLOCKBOY Y LA REPÚBLICA COOPERATIVA / PETER CORNELIUS PLOCKBOY AND THE CO-OPERATIVE REPUBLIC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javier DIVAR GARTEIZAURRECOA

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Plockboy y el cuaquerismo son los precursores del cooperativismo moderno. Las cooperativas son sociedades económicas para la “salvación de los pobres”. Su utilización por la política las desvirtúa, haciéndolas perder su carácter universal./ Plockboy and the cuaquerismo are the precursors of modern cooperatism. The cooperatives are economic societies for “salvation of the poor men ”. Its use by the policy weakens them, making lose them its universal character.

  2. Las mediaciones de la salvación en San Agustín

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    Claudio Pierantoni

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available En la teología agustiniana se evidencia al mismo tiempo la importancia, en el camino de la salvación, tanto de las mediaciones internas a la voluntad y a la conciencia del hombre (doctrina de la gracia, primato de la caridad, como también de las mediaciones externas, como la predicación, la hermenéutica bíblica, los sacramentos y la Iglesia visible. Se aprecia en Agustín el constante esfuerzo por mantener el difícil y dialéctico equilibrio, esencial en el mensaje bíblico, entre el diálogo interior e invisible de Dios con la creatura humana y la compleja cadena de mediaciones sensibles que el mismo Dios dispone para la salvación del hombre. Desde el punto de vista de la interioridad, el trabajo se centra sobre todo en la importancia de la razón humana como camino para aproximarse a Dios (interpretación de Juan 1, 1 y Rom 1, 20; desde el punto de vista de la salvación en la historia del hombre, se evidencia la potencia omnicomprensiva del plan divino, que dispone y ordena toda acción humana (incluso el pecado al fin de la salvación de los elegidos (Rom 8, 28.Augustinian theology shows the importance, in the path to salvation, of the internal mediations of Man’s conscience and will (doctrine of grace, primacy of charity and external mediations such as preaching, biblical hermeneutics, the sacraments and the visible Church. One can appreciate Augustine’s constant effort to keep the difficult and dialectical balance, essential in the biblical message, between God’s inner and invisible dialogue with the creature, and the complex chain of sensible mediations which God Himself sets for the salvation of Man. From the interior standpoint, the work focuses mainly on human reason as a way to approach God (interpretation of John 1, 1 and Rom 1, 20. From the standpoint of salvation in human history Augustine shows the all inclusive power of the divine plan, which arranges every human action (even sin to the end of the salvation of the

  3. John Dury, reformer of education against the radical challenge

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    Mario Caricchio

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available I see not how Gods way to salvation can be said to be manyJohn Dury has regularly featured in the religious and intellectual histories of the British seventeenth century in the last sixty years. His figure has mainly been constructed around three overlapping images: the irenic champion, the educational forerunner, and the utopian type of a Puritan ‘Great Instauration’. Studies focussed at first on his irenic mission to reconcile the Protestant churches throughout Europe. Then, following the r...

  4. The eschatological content of the images of Kalki and Buddha Maitreya: the comparative analysis.

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    Anastasia Ivanova

    2017-12-01

    Proceeding from the earlier origin of the myth about Maitreya, it should be noted that the image of Kalki in the literature of the Puranas was formed by the influence of the inclusivist strategies of the Vishnu tradition.Despite the unity of mythological functions and active interaction, the images of Kalki and Maitreya are contrasted in relation to each other, since they show two different scenarios of cyclic eschatology : the Kalki court and his cruel retribution, and the preaching of Maitreya, that bring salvation for all beings.

  5. Wat is ’n godsdienstige kulte?

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    H. G. Stoker

    1995-06-01

    Full Text Available In this article it is indicated that a religious sect should be distinguished from a religious cult. A religious cult can be defined as a religious group that actively sets out to control both the earthly and eternal lives of its members. A cult specifically tries to control the members' behaviour, thoughts, emotions or feelings, information and environment, language, norms, history, view of God, salvation, interpretation of the Scriptures, doctrines and membership. When the gospel is preached to members of a cult, these facts should be kept in mind.

  6. Eksistensiale verstaan van die Ou Testament: Die teologiese arbeid van Antonius HJ Gunneweg

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    P. B. Boshoff

    1987-01-01

    Full Text Available Existential understanding of the Old Testament: The theological work of Antonius HJ Gunneweg Gunneweg applies Bultmann's concept of existential understanding to the Old Testament. Existential interpretation means that the text must be laid out in terms of the possibilities of the human existence. The author shows how Gunneweg worked it out under the following headings: Israel; The beginning; Moses; One kingdom or two kingdoms; Paul; Sola scriptura instead of salvation history; Word. The result is that Gunneweg comes to a unique understanding of the relationship between the Old and New Testaments.

  7. Theoretical foundations of TQM and CQI: or, does quality really have its own theory?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hyde, J C

    1998-02-01

    Total quality management and continuous quality improvement have been advocated as management salvation and anecdotally have been linked to improvements in operational effectiveness. The Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations has adopted quality management as the organization improvement measure of the future and has mandated its application. The article explores the theoretical foundations of quality management and presents an integrated model dealing with this industry standard. An operational framework for managers is provided in an attempt to demystify the quality jargon that is so prevalent. The article also provides a prescriptive management overview incorporating quality management techniques into everyday operations.

  8. Providential History in the Chronicles of the Baltic Crusades

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Torben Kjersgaard

    2017-01-01

    to their protagonists in the history of salvation — play out in the chronicles. This providential history involved a special perspective in the two chronicles on, for example, the Virgin Mary, Old Testament warriors such as the Maccabees, and the virtuous warfare waged by Christian knights. The article further argues...... that both chronicles, also in the ways they use Scripture, display an acute awareness of political circumstances contemporary to their time of writing underlining the great importance of the Bishop of Riga and the Teutonic Order in Prussia, the two main loyalties for the authors of the chronicles under...

  9. The ’Great Code’ in Shakespeare’s Henriad

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-05-19

    salvation from God’s final plague on the Pharaoh that would kill "every firstborn in the land of Egypt " (Exodus 11:5). The passover is important in...influenced by scientific thought and the Protestant Reformation, and the old medieva! world order defined by the ancient dogma of the Roman Catholic Church...and of itself because it retells the history of the people of Israel in exiled Egypt . It is also, however, a key to understanding Christ’s passion in

  10. Soldados de Salamina: storia di una salvezza possibile

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    Luigi Contadini

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available In this study on the well known novel by Cercas, I will highlight several aspects related to postmodernity, at the same time my reading of the text will show its importance for the ethics of memory. By reporting an act of salvation, the narrator saves the memory of the agent of this act and of those who fought against Franco. At the same time, combining the collective episodes of the war with many of his private life in a metanarrative way, the narrator manages successfully to create and maintain a feasible and forceful novel.

  11. Diabo versus salvação na visão de Túndalo

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    Adriana Maria de Souza Zierer

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Visio Tnugdali is an exemplum, a moral narrative with the task of convincing an audience for the purpose of conversion. Produced in the in twelfth century by an unknown Cistercian monk, it was translated to Portuguese in the fifteenth century (Visão de Túndalo. Through the image of the devil and of the torments in hell, the Christians would repent their sins and search for salvation, adopting the behavior indicated by the Catholic Church to conduct them to Paradise.

  12. Aiesthesis decolonial

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    Walter Mignolo

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available In this article, from the author’s personal experience, the double face of modernity and its rhetoric it’s shown, both as salvation narrative and as coloniality, in which context the cognitive operation of colonization of aesthesis by aesthetics is given. Following it, diverse trajectories are shown in the art works of Fred Wilson, Pedro Lasch and Tanja Ostojic, who carry out performative processes in which their decolonial character becomes visible. These works force the decolonization of history and art criticism, toward the construction of decolonial aesthesis and subjectivities.

  13. Jesus van Nasaret se bevrydende visie vir �n geweldadige samelewing

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    S. J. Joubert

    1993-08-01

    Full Text Available Jesus of Nazareth�s liberating vision for a violent society All political, economical and religious power in first century Palestine were in the hands of less than 5% of the population. This gave rise to a situation of "social rootlessness" among and different violent responses from many Jewish pedants. Within this society, characterized by "ideological" and physical violence, Jesus of Nazareth proclaimed an encompassing new reality, the Kingdom of God. In this regard He not only offered salvation to the victims of violence, hut also expected a new, violent-free, orientation and code of conduct towards God and all human beings from his followers.

  14. Managing transition: guidelines for mental health administrators facing services retrenchment due to funding cuts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raymond, J S

    1983-01-01

    This piece of writing is one part of a four part series on managing transition in turbulent times. The series is written for mental health administrators and is a product of the author's direct experience as chief administrator of addiction treatment facilities and programs for The Salvation Army in Hawaii. Despite the loss of several hundred thousands of dollars, the agency was able to manage its own transition to emerge stronger and with two full years of accreditation as a psychiatric facility by the prestigious Joint Commission on the Accreditation of Hospitals.

  15. The Need for Transcendence: a conservative critique of emancipation ideology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Søren Hviid

    2009-01-01

    as responses and solutions. One preferred solution is to kill God, the transcendental ground of human existence. When this murder of God has been perpetrated the road to immanent salvation becomes an apparent viable solution. Various Marxist and post-Marxist strands of thought are a prolongation...... of this disregard of the transcendental. Their ultimate goal is the emancipation of mankind in the hope of leaping into the realm of freedom. My argument is that this leap is doomed to failure and will only result in mass murderer and tyranny. The reason for this is that the various emancipation ideologies...

  16. Mateřský rys Boha ve Starém Zákoně

    OpenAIRE

    Šourků, Jindřich

    2009-01-01

    RESUMÉ God's relationship towards man takes place in scope of the history of salvation. The Old Testament is the annunciation of great acts of God, where the key role is played by the Israelite nation. God gradually reveals himself to man in a way so that the addressee - man - is able to understand God's revealed love. God is always the first one to have the initiative. God's communication with people reaches its top by the contract at Mount Sinai. And not only that, God also gives man his et...

  17. La mediación eclesial de la salvación

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    Rodrigo Polanco F.

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo aborda el tema del papel mediador de la Iglesia en la salvación de los hombres. Comienza, a modo de introducción, con una interpretación del extra ecclesiam nulla salus, a partir del Vat II. El artículo está dividido luego en tres partes. La primera parte estudia los elementos constitutivos trinitarios y antropológicos de la Iglesia que fundamentan su condición teándrica. La segunda parte se detiene en el tema de la institucionalización del Espíritu. Esta parte es estudiada a partir de los acontecimientos de Pascua y Pentecostés como fundantes de la Iglesia. La tercera parte es un estudio de tres textos de la Constitución Dogmática sobre la Iglesia, del Vat II, Lumen Gentium (1, 8 y 48 que se refieren a la Iglesia como sacramento de salvación. En este momento se aborda directamente el tema propuesto al inicio acerca de la mediación de la salvación, a partir de la condición de la Iglesia como sacramento. Termina con una conclusión que aborda la pregunta de cómo compaginar esta verdad de una Iglesia sacramento universal de salvación, con la realidad de una humanidad largamente no cristiana.The present article approaches the topic about the mediative role of The Church in men’s salvation. It begins as an introduction with an interpretation of extra ecclesiam nulla salus from Vatican II. Then, this article is divided in three parts. The first part studies the Trinitarian and anthropological constituent elements of the Church that lay the foundations about her theandric condition. The second part detains in the topic of the Spirit’s institution. At this part is studied from the events of Easter and Pentecost as founders of the Church. The third part is a study of the three texts of The Dogmatic Constitution of The Church, from Vatican II, Lumen Gentium (1, 8 and 48 that refer the Church as a Sacrament of Salvation. In this moment it is approached directly the topic proposed in the beginning about the

  18. A Critical Dialogue of Structure and Reader in Romans 11: 16-24

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    P. J. Maartend

    1997-01-01

    Full Text Available A critical dialogue of structure and reader interprets Paul's allegory of the 'wild olive branches' beyond functionalistic methods of interpretation. Structuralism analyses the antithetical contrasts of the 'wild' and 'cultivated' branches, faith and unfaithfulness, and the kindness and severity of God which abounds in 'double parallelisms'. Reader semiotics identifies the recipient of grace ingrafted by God as participant in salvation. Grace shows no partiality of persons. The symbolism of 'wild olive branches' leads via the 'root' to the righteous servant as interpretant. Neither the Jews nor the Gentiles, as 'wild olive branches', have a claim to any 'prerogative of salvation'. The only privilege which prevails is one of service and allegiance to the divine call. The variegated perspectives generated by this analysis contribute to the polymorphous character of the meaning of the text. The critical dialogue of literary semiotics challenges the reader of every generation to enter into the ensuing debate and interpret the text in a way which is relevant to his/her historical context.

  19. The path to redemption: Reconsidering the role of the image of the virgin above the entrance to the church of the Virgin Hodegetria at the Peć Monastery

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    Milanović Ljubomir

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The church complex of the monastery at Peć achieved its final form with the projects undertaken by archbishop Danilo II (1324-1337. He began with the church of the Virgin Hodegetria (circa 1330 that would house his tomb. His sarcophagus was placed in the northwestern corner of the church below the vault of a small, elongated space. A shared narthex was added to the three monastery churches included in the Peć complex in the early 1330s. The western fazade of the church of Hodegetria displays a monumental image of the Mother of God above the entrance that leads from the narthex to the interior. The iconography of the Virgin in Peć has been compared to that of the Virgin as the Fountain of Life as well as with that of the icon of the Mother of God Zoodochos Pege from the homonymous monastery in Constantinople. Such imagery was not, however, associated with the sacrament of baptism and its role in salvation and resurrection. This paper argues that a shared association with the rite of baptism links the image of the Virgin Mary with the funerary function of the church and the tomb of Danilo II, reflecting Danilo II’s personal concern with the Last Judgment and salvation. [Project of the Serbian Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development, Grant no. 177032: Tradition, innovation and identityin the Byzantine world

  20. Theological and Dogmatic Definition of the God-Man Jesus Christ Person

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    Bugiulescu Marian

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The present paper presents the Theological and Dogmatic definition of the Person of the God-man Jesus Christ, as it has been formulated by the Orthodox Church in the course of time. In the Ecumenical and local synods, the Church proclaimed against the heresies various definitions of faith or dogmas. Dogma, in its essence, is a truth of faith revealed by God, unchangeable, formulated and transmitted by the Church, for man’s salvation. The central dogma of Christianity is the Trinitarian one. Regarding the Person and the Work of Christ, against the heresies promoted by Arius, Nestorius, Eutychius and Macedonius, at the Ecumenical Synods III (Ephesus 431, IV (Chalcedon 451, VI (Constantinople 680-681, the Church officially stated that Jesus Christ is truly God and truly Man, and His Person includes the divine nature, from eternity, yet united in time with the human nature, each nature having its own will, and the human will follows the divine will. This union of the divinity with the humanity in Christ is actually the basis of man’s salvation realized objectively in Christ and actualized personally by all the Christians in the Church, by means of which evil and death are defeated by the resurrection leading to eternal life.

  1. Philosophy for the Body, Food for the Mind

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Montserrat Camps-Gaset

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Ancient Greek philosophers stressed the importance of asceticism, in order to increase wisdom, sometimes reaching the point of starvation. Neglecting one’s own body by strict ascetic practices, which included a very poor and limited diet, led to a higher status at the philosophical level and was a way to ideal perfection. Food or rather the refusal of it played a crucial role in their philosophy. Ancient biographers tell us about this struggle against material needs, whereas at the same time some comic texts bear witness to the contrast with ordinary people’s way of eating. When Christianity took over ancient civilization and became the dominant ideology, the ideal of perfection focused on salvation and union with God. In order to attain this divine union, which recalled the original perfection before sin, all passions should be controlled, especially sex and food. Depriving the body from almost any nourishment was the safest way to attain a full development of the soul and a perfect knowledge of God. In the West, the ideal of perfection has changed throughout history up to the present, from ancient philosophy to spiritual salvation, purity or even aesthetic excellence, all of which are subjective concepts of perfection to be attained by individuals through despising material food, sometime to the point of starvation.

  2. Confessions of the flesh and biopedagogies: discursive constructions of obesity on Nip/Tuck.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rail, G; Lafrance, M

    2009-12-01

    Informed by the work of Michel Foucault, the authors discuss the Nip/Tuck episode entitled "Momma Boone" and how it discursively constructs "obesity". They show how this popular media text can be understood as a crystallisation of the dominant discourse surrounding fat bodies. In the process, how the episode can be seen as a "biopedagogy" that instructs its viewers in how to think and feel about the fat body is examined. Foucault's formulation of the confessional is seen to be useful to theorise the ways in which biopedagogy leads subjects to believe and ultimately take part in processes leading to salvation. It is argued that in this Nip/Tuck episode, biopedagogy functions in and through Momma Boone's "confessions of the flesh", that is, confessions aimed at revealing her obese body so that it can be rescued, rehabilitated and saved. Momma Boone's salvation is shown to require three stages: first, the "confession" of obesity; second, the conversion to the "truth" of the "dominant obesity discourse"; and third, the codification of a "new life" for the obese subject. In the end, it is argued that since it is represented as abject, monstrous and out of control, Momma Boone's body is made to inspire fear and panic in so far as it provides constructed "evidence" regarding the consequences of the obese subject's failure to convert to the truth of obesity discourse.

  3. From little known area to the extinction race: A survey of herpetofauna in Prevab, Kutai National Park (KNP), Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kurniawan, Nia; Roziah, Noviati; Fauzi, Muhammad Alif; Kurnianto, Agung Sih

    2017-11-01

    We develop research focused on the environmental quality through a survey of herpetofauna in a threatened area with minimum data. The collected data supported by literature was used to predict the highest threat in the Prevab forest and to recommend a conservation area according to priority. The survey was conducted on three main sites: Senadam lake, camp area, and Buntu river. Each location was surveyed using a Visual Encounter Survey in a 1 km transect, from 7 to 11 p.m. for 3 days (21-23 October 2016). This study has identified 25 species herpetofauna from 76 individuals, consisting of 3 orders: Squamata, Anura, and Crocodilia. The highest number of individuals found were Chalcorana raniceps (n:18), Hemidactylus frenatus (n:7), Hemidactylus platyurus (n:10), Eutropis sp. (n:5), Cyrtodactylus yoshii (n:4), Crocodylus porosus (n:4), Hylarana erythraea (n:3), Varanus salvator (n:3). Two species were categorized as `Threatened' species in the IUCN Red List, and one (Ptychozoon horsfieldii) was categorized as `Data Deficient.' One species, Limnonectes paramacrodon, was categorized as `Near Threatened'. There were 2 species categorized as Appendix II CITES: Varanus salvator and Crocodylus porosus. Only one species, Crocodylus porosus, was protected by Indonesia's regulation. Chalcorana raniceps and Limnonectes paramacrodon were found in high numbers in Buntu river, while the camp area was mostly visited by Hemidactylus platyurus, Hemidactylus frenatus, and Ptychozoon horsfieldii. Senadam lake was found to be the habitat for Crocodylus porosus.

  4. Cryptic, Sympatric Diversity in Tegu Lizards of the Tupinambis teguixin Group (Squamata, Sauria, Teiidae) and the Description of Three New Species

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jowers, Michael J.; Lehtinen, Richard M.; Charles, Stevland P.; Colli, Guarino R.; Peres, Ayrton K.; Hendry, Catriona R.; Pyron, R. Alexander

    2016-01-01

    Tegus of the genera Tupinambis and Salvator are the largest Neotropical lizards and the most exploited clade of Neotropical reptiles. For three decades more than 34 million tegu skins were in trade, about 1.02 million per year. The genus Tupinambis is distributed in South America east of the Andes, and currently contains four recognized species, three of which are found only in Brazil. However, the type species of the genus, T. teguixin, is known from Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guyana, Guyana, Peru, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, and Venezuela (including the Isla de Margarita). Here we present molecular and morphological evidence that this species is genetically divergent across its range and identify four distinct clades some of which are sympatric. The occurrence of cryptic sympatric species undoubtedly exacerbated the nomenclatural problems of the past. We discuss the species supported by molecular and morphological evidence and increase the number of species in the genus Tupinambis to seven. The four members of the T. teguixin group continue to be confused with Salvator merianae, despite having a distinctly different morphology and reproductive mode. All members of the genus Tupinambis are CITES Appendix II. Yet, they continue to be heavily exploited, under studied, and confused in the minds of the public, conservationists, and scientists. PMID:27487019

  5. The gold tegu, Tupinambis teguixin (Linnaeus, 1758) sensu lato (Squamata: Teiidae): evidence for an established population in Florida

    Science.gov (United States)

    Edwards, Jake R.; Ketterlin, Jennifer K.; Rochford, Michael R.; Irwin, Rodney; Krysko, Kenneth L.; Duquesnel, James G.; Mazzotti, Frank J.; Reed, Robert

    2017-01-01

    Gold tegus, Tupinambis teguixin (Linnaeus, 1758), are generalist predators from South America and are ecologically similar to Argentine black and white tegus (Salvator merianae), a successful invader in Florida. We trapped gold tegus in Broward and Miami-Dade counties, Florida, USA. In Miami-Dade County, collection occurred from 2008 through 2016. We combined new trapping records with previous literature records. Ten gold tegus of both sexes and multiple size classes over a nine year period indicate a reproducing population in Miami-Dade County. Tupinambis teguixin is the sixth established non-native teiid species in Florida. Additionally, we report Tupinambis teguixin from Sarasota and Lee counties, Florida, USA. Determining population status in those counties requires further study. It is critical to differentiate this species fromSalvator merianae during removal efforts. The possibility of eradicating Tupinambis teguixin exists if proper identification enables reliable monitoring of the populations.

  6. Eschatological Perspective of the Sukkot Biblical Festival

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    Sylwester Jędrzejewski

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available Sukkot is a festival that occurs in autumn and finishes the agricultural cycle of holidays in the Old Testament. It  reflects divine care of his own people. In the eschatological texts of the Old Testament, the term “Sukkot” refers to a new, changed reality. Prophet Ezekiel recognizes only two holidays in eschatological times: Pesach and Sukkot. Zechariah leaves only one term “Sukkot” and connects it with a general concept of the conversion of all nations to God in Jerusalem. Jesus gives the eschatological significance to the meaning of Sukkot when he refers to himself in the texts of the New Testament (Mt 17: 1–8; 21: 1–9; 33–34; Mk 9: 2–8. In theological sense Jesus becomes “sukka” – “the shelter.” Eschatological meaning of Sukkot fulfills itself in a gift of salvation in Jesus and through Jesus. He becomes the climax of salvation. Jesus is the eschatological, ritual and theological meaning of shelter, water and light.

  7. Sentarse a la mesa del Señor. Metaforizaciones y conflictos en La última cena de Tomás Gutiérrez Alea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Flavio Fiorani

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available La última cena by Gutiérrez Alea is based on an actual event that took place in Cuba: one Holy Thursday at the end of the Eighteen century the owner of a sugar plantation invites twelve of his slaves to dinner and shows them the path to salvation through the message of Christian Redemption. In particular, the film shows how during the Easter rite the messianic event and the metaphoric language of salvation lead to shifts in meaning that the slaves interpret as the concrete possibility for them to be free. The sacred of the liturgical act as an “action” that can be performed by the guests at the Lord’s table in order to reach freedom is reproduced by the very cinematographic language. Actually, the slaves oppose to the Christian account an “open word”, thus debunking the project of disciplining them and stirring a rebellion in which the contamination of the sacred with the profane becomes the epiphany of a new life: no more a celestial one, but a worldly and free life in the isle of Cuba.

  8. THE TRANSFIGURATION POWER OF PRAYER (POETIC NOVEL BY V. A. ZHUKOVSKY CAPTAIN BОPP, 1843

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    Marina Anatolyevna Zhirkova

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available In his story V. A. Zhukovsky reviews the power of faith that can change people. A protagonist of the poetic story Bopp is the captain of the ship, an evil and depraved person, an off ender and a blasphemer, hated by his crew that are ready to kill him. The main character gets a possibility of salvation through the gospel of repentance and a prayer. Inner transfi guration occurred to the captain became possible due to his sophisticated internal spiritual work, the power of aspiration to God, his self refl ection and total devotion to God. This way is seen by the author as the only possible, but the main thing here is the fact that it is possible. The culmination of the story is the image of the crucified Christ that the captain sees. Since then the hero is not afraid to die, because it becomes clear that he has been forgiven. In the story, on the one hand, the death of a man is presented, but on the other hand it is not death that becomes important, but a new mind that enables the hero to fi nd peace. For Zhukovsky mortal (temporal life is a time for preparation for eternal life. The story gives hope to everyone and admits the possibility of salvation.

  9. A Comparison between the concepts of redemption in Christianity and intercessionin Shia Islam

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    Mohsen Rabbani

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Faith and practice are most important factors for salvation in Islam and Christianity. More over the concepts of redemption in Christianity and the intercession in Shia have also been counted as elements of salvation. There are some similarities between them, which may be led to the misunderstanding that redemption and intercession are the same whereas the definition and function of these two doctrines are different in the religious traditions of both religions. The doctrine of redemption is the essential part of Christian theology, especially in soteriology. If this doctrine is put under question, the whole structure of Christian theology will be disintegrated. But doctrine of intercession is complementary part in Shia. In this article at first, the doctrine of redemption is explained. Considering that the understanding of the concept of redemption is based on other doctrines, including anthropology, soteriology and Christology in Christian theology, at first the relationship between redemption and these concepts will be discussed. It will be declared that Christians believe that Adam's sin had grave consequences for humanity, in a way that it becomes the source of human sinfulness. In Christian point of view God was incarnated in Jesus and was crucified in order to be redemptive of Adam's sin and in order to save men. Everyone who believes in the death and resurrection of Jesus will be delivered. In the second part of the article, the question of intercession according to Shia will be discussed. It will be suggested that the nature of man is pure in Islam and man himself can reach salvation by faith and good practice. In addition, mercy of God and the intercession of Imams will help sinful persons. But in the third part of the article, some similarities and differences between these doctrines will be pointed out. I will insist mostly on their conceptual and functional differences. Their similarities include: Both doctrines need an intermediate

  10. A Comparison between the concepts of redemption in Christianity and intercessionin Shia Islam

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    Ahmad Reza Meftah

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Faith and practice are most important factors for salvation in Islam and Christianity. More over the concepts of redemption in Christianity and the intercession in Shia have also been counted as elements of salvation. There are some similarities between them, which may be led to the misunderstanding that redemption and intercession are the same whereas the definition and function of these two doctrines are different in the religious traditions of both religions. The doctrine of redemption is the essential part of Christian theology, especially in soteriology. If this doctrine is put under question, the whole structure of Christian theology will be disintegrated. But doctrine of intercession is complementary part in Shia. In this article at first, the doctrine of redemption is explained. Considering that the understanding of the concept of redemption is based on other doctrines, including anthropology, soteriology and Christology in Christian theology, at first the relationship between redemption and these concepts will be discussed. It will be declared that Christians believe that Adam's sin had grave consequences for humanity, in a way that it becomes the source of human sinfulness. In Christian point of view God was incarnated in Jesus and was crucified in order to be redemptive of Adam's sin and in order to save men. Everyone who believes in the death and resurrection of Jesus will be delivered. In the second part of the article, the question of intercession according to Shia will be discussed. It will be suggested that the nature of man is pure in Islam and man himself can reach salvation by faith and good practice. In addition, mercy of God and the intercession of Imams will help sinful persons. But in the third part of the article, some similarities and differences between these doctrines will be pointed out. I will insist mostly on their conceptual and functional differences. Their similarities include: Both doctrines need an intermediate

  11. Evaluación de la calidad de suelos Dystric Cryandept en el Santuario de Flora y Fauna Galeras, Nariño

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    Sánchez de Prager Marina

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available En el Santuario de Flora y Fauna Galeras, ubicado en el departamento de Nariño, a 3.200, 3.500 y 3.800 msnm se evaluó el efecto de la intervención antrópica sobre algunas propiedades de sus suelos. En cada altitud se evaluaron 13 puntos de muestreo, separados 8 m, con un intervalo de 21 días en tres profundidades (0-5 cm, 5-10 cm y 10-15 cm y el mantillo cuando estuvo presente. El mayor aporte a la biomasa de la macrofauna del suelo la hicieron las clases Arachnida, Crustácea, Diplópoda e Insecta y los órdenes Araneae, Coleóptera, Díptera y Polydesmidae, que se localizaron principalmente a los 3.800 msnm; la clase Gasterópoda y el orden Opilionidae lo hicieron a los 3.200 msnm. Como una aproximación a la obtención de indicadores de calidad del suelo, se podría utilizar la presencia de algunas clases, órdenes y familias de artrópodos ausentes o cuyo número disminuyó o se localizaron únicamente a los 3.200 msnm, que es el área intervenida. Dentro de los factores químicos y físicos se podrían utilizar el pH, la materia orgánica, la densidad aparente, la porosidad y la humedad gravimétrica, que tendieron a cambiar con el grado de intervención. Abstract Evaluation of soils quality Dystric Cryandept in the flora and fauna Galeras sanctuary, Nariño. In the Sanctuary of Flora and Fauna Galeras, located in the department of Nariño, at 3.200, 3.500 y 3.800 meters above sea level, it was tested the effect of antropic intervention on some soil properties. In each altitude, 13 sampling point separated by 8 meters were established. These were evaluated with a 21 day interval, three types of deepness were considerated (0-5; 5-10 and 10-15 cm litter when it was present. The highest contribution of biomass of soil microfauna is made by Arachnida, Crustácea, Diplópoda e Insecta classes. Araneae, Coleóptera, Díptera and Polydesmidae orders were mainly located at 3.800 m.a.s.l.; Gasterópoda class and Opilionidae order were

  12. The Robin, Erithacus Rubecula (Passeriformes, Turdidae, As a Component of Autotrophic Consortia of Forest Cenoses, Northeast Ukraine

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    Chaplygina A. B.

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available The role of the robin, Erithacus rubecula Linnaeus, 1758 as a consort of autotrophic consortia is considered. It has been found that representatives of 9 higher taxa of animals (Mammalia, Aves, Gastropoda, Insecta, Arachnida, Acarina, Malacostraca, Diplopoda, Clitellata have trophic and topical links with the robin. At the same time, the robin is a consort of determinants of autotrophic consortia, which core is represented mostly by dominating species of deciduous trees (Quercus robur Linnaeus, 1753 (24.6 %, Tilia cordata Miller, 1768 (17.5 %, Acer platanoides Linnaeus, 1753 (22.8 %, Acer campestre Linnaeus, 1753, and also by sedges (Carex sp. and grasses (Poaceae. The robin also belongs to the concentre of the second and higher orders as a component of forest biogeocenoses and forms a complex trophic system. In the diet of its nestlings, there have been found 717 objects from 32 invertebrate taxa, belonging to the phylums Arthropoda (99.2 %, 31 species and Annelida (0.8 %, 1 species. The phylum Arthropoda was represented by the most numerous class Insecta (76.9 %, in which 10 orders (Lepidoptera (46.8 % dominates and 20 families were recorded, and also by the classes Arachnida (15.0 %, Malacostraca (5.3 % and Diplopoda (1.9 %. The invertebrate species composition was dominated by representatives of a trophic group of zoophages (14 species; 43.8 %; the portion of phytophages (7 species; 21.9 %, saprophages (18.7 %, and necrophages (15.6 % was the less. The highest number of food items was represented by phytophages (N = 717; 51 %, followed by zoophages (34 %, saprophages (12 %, and necrophages (3 %. The difference among study areas according to the number of food items and the number of species in the robin nestling diet is shown. In NNP “HF”, the highest number of food items was represented by phytophages - 47 % (N = 443, whereas zoophages were the most species-rich group (43.3 %, 13 species. In NNP “H”, phytophages also prevailed in

  13. Estudos citológicos e citoquímicos em Stenophoridae Crawley, 1903 (Eugregarinidae, Protozoa II - ultra-estrutura

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    Sylvio Celso Goncalves da Costa

    1967-01-01

    Full Text Available 1 - Indivíduos de Stenophora juli (Frantzius, 1848 Labbé, 1899, parasitos de um Diplopoda, Rhinochricus padbergi Schubart. 1930 foram examinados em microscópia óptica e eletrônica. 2 - Os resultados do estudo citoquímico confirmam os dados obtidos por outros autores em outras espécies de gregarinas. 3 - Quanto à estrutura fina da morfologia celular foi examinada detalhadamente a película a qual apresenta cristas longitudinais de forma e estrutura complexas. 4 - No sulcos da película, entre as cristas, foram encontrados poros na membrana, por onde é realizada a secreção de muco. 5 - Aderente à película, pròpriamente dita foi encontrada, no deutomerito, uma camada homogênea de natureza desconhecida, abaixo da qual encontra-se o mionema. 6 - O septo que separa o proto do deutomerito é constituído por espêssa camada de mionemas incluindo numerosas mitocôndrias. 7 - O endoplasma é extremamente rico em granulações de paraglicogênio, aparecendo em menor quantidade os lipídeos. Observamos também mitocôndrias, retículo endoplasmático e o complexo de Golgi.Stenophora juli (Frantzius, 1848 Labbé, 1899, Sporozoa parasite of the Diplopoda Rhinocrius padbergi Schubart, 1930, were examined by light and electron microscopy. As a result of a cytochemical investigation, similar content to those obtained by other authors has been shown. Ultrastructure of membrane shows complex microscopic longitudinal folds and among this folds there are pores for mucous secretion. An unknown layer was found under the membrane and upon the mioneme. The sept which divide this protozoa in protomerite and deutomerite is formed by a large mionem, in which a great number of mitochondria has been shown. Paraglicogene granules appear present in large quantity in the endoplasm, and lipid inclusion appear in smaller quantity. Mitocondria, endoplasmic reticulum and Golgi complex are also observed in the endoplasm. The nuclear envelope shows a double

  14. Se queres entrar para a vida, guarda os mandamentos (Mt, 19, 17: livre-arbítrio e salvação no pensamento jesuítico. Notas sobre um sermão de Pe. Antônio Vieira * If you wish to enter into life, keep the commandments (Mt 19, 17...

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    LUDMILA GOMIDES FREITAS

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Resumo: A concepção soteriológica jesuítica entende que, não obstante o papel imprescindível da graça divina, o valor moral do livre-arbítrio e, portanto, das ações humanas, eram também determinantes para a salvação das almas. Para Pe. Antônio Vieira, no contexto colonial luso-americano, as boas obras passavam pela condução do indígena ao grêmio da cristandade. Neste sentido, sua oratória sacra buscava persuadir os colonos sobre sua responsabilidade nesta missão providencial. Iremos demonstrar este argumento examinando, primeiramente, as implicações teológicas do conceito jesuítico de salvação para, num segundo momento, analisarmos o “Sermão da Primeira Oitava da Páscoa”, pregado em Belém do Pará, no ano de 1656. Palavras-chave: Pe. Antônio Vieira – Salvação – Livre-arbítrio – Obras. Abstract: The interpretation, by the Jesuits, of the soteriological conception understands that, despite the indispensable role of the divine grace, the moral value of free will and therefore of human actions, were also determinants in the salvation of souls. To Antonio Vieira, within the Luso-American colonial context, the good works should be related to the conduction of the indigenous to the Christianity fraternity. In this sense, his sacred oratory sought to persuade the settlers about their responsibility in this providential mission. We will demonstrate this argument by examining, initally, the theological implications of the Jesuitical concept of salvation and then, secondly, we will analyze the “Sermon of the Octave of Easter”, preached at Belém do Pará, in 1656.Keywords: Pe. Antônio Vieira – Salvation – Free will – Good works.

  15. El recurso al santoral en Castilla, del barroco a la Ilustración, 1650-1834

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    Máximo García Fernández

    2018-02-01

    Full Text Available The clearest manifestations of the castilian mentality during the Ancien Regime were related with the collective religiosity and the eternal salvation. Marian help was frecuently invoked and all the people always requeried Saints' aid. The importance of the holy works of art, the weight of the personal names and the continuous resort to the celestial court, especially to the Blessed Virgin show that it was compulsory to request the supernatural mediation in ocasions when someone needed protection. We can observe the permanences and the changes of numerous rituals of the popular piety from the Baroque times to the beginning of the rupture of the values which supported it thanks to the comparation of rural and urban areas and to the study of 10.000 wills and 500 inventories and partitions.

  16. Brachytherapy, A viable option of globe salvage in treatment of large ciliary body melanocytoma

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    Mahesh P Shanmugam

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available We report a case of large histopathologically proven melanocytoma of the ciliary body in a 15-year-old male, presented with rapid extraocular growth following incisional biopsy with scleral patch graft. We chose brachytherapy with Ruthenium 106 plaque over enucleation as the later was refused by the parents. The initial apical height of the tumor was 14.2 mm on ultrasonography. Two weeks after brachytherapy, the mass regressed to a size of 8.1 mm and 1 year later to 6.7 mm. This is the first case report showing the response of brachytherapy to ciliary body melanocytoma, which results in ocular and visual acuity salvation with considerable decreased in size of the tumor. The authors conclude that brachytherapy is an option in the management of non-resectable melanocytoma of the ciliary body.

  17. Evangelization and Causes of Religion Conversion from Hindu to Christian at Badung District Bali

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    Ni Kadek Surpi

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available This research focuses on the effort of evangelization and religious conversion factors from Hinduism to Christianity in Badung, Bali. Bali as a unique island and famous all over the world has long been used as a target of missionary. In the early stages, the process of spreading Christianity is very slow. Even, Dutch East Indies government closed the door to evangelization and prohibited its activities in Bali. This study uses a cross field of knowledge and find that there are many causes behind the religion conversion in the area of study. Findings of this research shows that the reason for religious conversion is the social upheavals because of dissatisfaction on system and religion, individual crises, eco- nomic and socio-cultural factors, the influence of mysticism, spiritual thirst and the promise of salvation, family breakdown and urbanization, wedding and birth order in the family, education and professional evangelistic activity and lack understand- ing of Hinduism.

  18. A healthy island blue space: from space of detention to site of sanctuary.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kearns, Robin A; Collins, Damian; Conradson, David

    2014-11-01

    Island blue spaces are associated with restorative potential, but few studies examine this proposition when an island׳s use has changed over time. We examine Rotoroa Island (near Auckland, New Zealand) where, for almost a century, the Salvation Army ran an alcohol treatment facility. The island׳s relative isolation was central to its mixed therapeutic and carceral roles. Following change in treatment ideologies, the facility closed in 2005. It subsequently re-opened as a reserve for recreation, remembrance and environmental restoration. Our analysis focuses on the enabling resources at Rotoroa across these two eras, in the context of different constructions of healthy island blue space. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  19. Potentiometric determination of the dissociation constants of L-histidine, proline and tryptophane in various hydroorganic media.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Azab, H A; El-Nady, A M; El-Shatoury, S A; Hassan, A

    1994-08-01

    The dissociation constant values of L-histidine, proline and tryptophane were determined at 25 +/- 0.1 degrees C by potentiometric pH titration in pure water and different hydroorganic solvent media. The organic solvents used were methanol, ethanol, N,N-dimethylformamide, dimethyl sulfoxide, acetone and dioxane. Initial estimates of the dissociation constant values of the different amino acids studied have been refined with ESAP2M computer program. It was observed that changing the medium permittivity as the solvent is enriched in methanol or ethanol has little influence on the pK*(a) values of the amino acids studied. The results obtained are discussed in terms of average macroscopic properties of the mixed solvents and the possible variation in microheterogeneity of the salvation shells around the solute.

  20. Der Vision atomtechnischer Verheißungen gefolgt: Von der Euphorie zu ersten Protesten – die zivile Nutzung der Kernkraft in Deutschland seit den 1950er Jahren

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    Gleitsmann, Rolf-Jürgen

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available In the 1950s, the nuclear age was announced and propagated worldwide as a future blessing for mankind. “Atoms for peace” was the promising slogan, indicating that Western industrial nations denying the atomic salvation would be seriously threatening their own and the whole West’s economic prosperity. West Germany heavily embraced this technological utopia and relied on the development of nuclear technology since the 1950s. Despite continuous grassroot protest especially in West Germany, this resulted in a path dependency of a technical momentum (Thomas P. Hughes in the system of the large-scale energy production until today, which only might have come to an end as a result of Fukushima’s super meltdown.

  1. La pena di morte e il riscatto delle anime in età moderna. A proposito di Delitto e perdono di Adriano Prosperi

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    Cesarina Casanova

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available At the beginning of Delitto e perdono Adriano Prosperi recalls the killing of Osama Bin Laden, regarded as an act of justice by the American people and its president. Then, his book goes on spurring useful remarks about the history of the idea of conviction to death as a repair. One of the main threads of western thought about capital punishment can be found in contrasting vengeance and mercy from XI century, when Christ’s sacrifice became the ideal link for most criminal codes. In fact, every executed man could hope for God’s forgiveness and for his own soul’s salvation at the foot of the Cross. Face to the advices of Confortatori, which until XIX century escorted all men sentenced to death to the scaffold, almost none refused to agree to religious solace, and so the execution proceeding became a sacramental act.

  2. Orthodox ethic and the spirit of socialism: Towards substantiation of the hypothesis

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    Vladimirovič-Zabaev Ivan

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The article traces possible channels of influence of a religious factor on the formation of a specific Russian version of socialism. Using the logics of the M. Weber’s work “The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism”, I. Zabaev reveals the categories that played a dominating role in the people’s consciousness in the pre-revolutionary Russia. According to his conclusion, these categories were “obedience” and “resignation”. It was obedience and resignation that assured the salvation (main value in Orthodoxy of an Orthodox person. In everyday life such orientations were easily transformed into the readiness to obey the “superior”. Once elaborated, they turned to be quite stable and, being separated from their religious roots, ensured a sort of asceticism on the secular path. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 179049: Politike društvenog pamćenja i nacionalnog identiteta - regionalni i evropski aspekt

  3. Environmental impacts of the emerging digital economy: the e-for-environment e-commerce?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sui, Daniel Z; Rejeski, David W

    2002-02-01

    The Internet-led digital economy is changing both the production and consumption patterns at the global scale. Although great potential exists to harness information technology in general and the Internet in particular and improve the environment, possible negative impacts of e-commerce on the environment should also be considered and dealt with. In this forum, we discuss both the potential positive and negative impacts of e-commerce. Drawing from insights gained from the complexity theory, we also delineate some broad contours for environmental policies in the information age. Given the paradoxical nature of technological innovations, we want to caution the scientific community and policymakers not to treat the Internet as the Holy Grail for environmental salvation.

  4. Biotech pilgrims and the transnational quest for stem cell cures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Song, Priscilla

    2010-10-01

    Thousands of patients with incurable neurodegenerative conditions from more than 60 countries have sought fetal cell transplants in China since 2001. Drawing on 24 months of ethnographic fieldwork, I investigate these transnational encounters occurring in the realm of experimental medicine. Critiquing popular notions of "medical tourism," I develop the alternative concept of "biotech pilgrimage" to reveal how faith intertwines with technology, travel, and the political economies of health care and medical research in a global era. Insights from pilgrimage theory enable us to question assumptions of leisure embedded in claims of tourism while also exploring new biopolitical practices that extend beyond the borders of the nation-state. I also demonstrate how materialist visions of salvation underlie medical practice and contribute to China's rising influence as a global technological leader.

  5. The use of anions with sulfate function in electrolyte for lithium battery. Study of transport mechanism; Utilisation d'anions a fonction sulfate dans des electrolytes pour batterie au lithium. Etude des mecanismes de transport

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chauvin, Ch.

    2005-05-15

    Lithium salts based on oligo-ether sulfate were synthesized and characterised. They incorporate oxy-ethylene units which enable the lithium cation salvation and, potentially, their use as ionic liquids. Their properties as lithium salts dissolved in liquid or polymer electrolytes were evaluated. Their electrochemical and thermal stabilities are sufficient for lithium battery application. Due to their weak dissociation in POE, their conductivities are fairly low. On the other hand, they have high cationic transference numbers. In mixture with usual salts as LiTFSI, they provide a good compromise between conductivities/transference number/cost. The second part of this study deals with the synthesis and characterisation of an ionomer with sulfate function and polyether backbone. The electrochemical, physical and chemical properties of this material show that it could be used as polymer electrolyte. Its potential as cross-linked gelled polymer electrolyte is outstanding. Structural analyses on an ionomeric monocrystal have been corroborated with quantum chemistry calculations. (author)

  6. Taina Sfântului Botez- început nou al vieții prin unirea cu Hristos (The Sacrament of Baptism- new beginning of life through union with Christ

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    PhD. Ştefan Florea

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This articles presents the The Holy Sacrament of Baptism- new beginning of life through union with Christ. The sacraments were instituted by Christ and were part of the Liturgical Tradition of the early Christian Church. Holy Baptism is the first of seven Sacraments in the Orthodox Christian Church. The Lord Jesus who instituted Baptism, said of the Disciples: „Go therefore and make disciples of all nations, baptising them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit...”(Matthew 28,19. Baptism is necessary for salvation (John 3,5, and man is born a new life, new Christian is a child of God. Baptism is the basis of the whole Christian life held in the Church

  7. A social scientific study of the significance of the jubilee in the New Testament

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    Gert Volschenk

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available This social scientific study of the Biblical jubilee focuses primarily on the jubilee as a metaphor within the framework of engaged hermeneutics. The jubilee was a symbol of transformation and emancipation. The article shows the significance of the jubilee in the New Testament as interpreted within the context of the reign of God and salvation in Jesus Christ.  The liberation from enslavement pertains to all levels of human existence, including socio-economic and political interrelationships. The study demonstrates conflicting perceptions of land tenancy in an ancient economy that resulted in the exploitation and enslavement of peasants and their families. The constructs of the advanced agrarian society and the pre-industrial city are used as heuristic models for the interpretation of data.

  8. Geloof in die opstanding van Jesus: Barth en Bultmann

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    Gabriël M.J. (Gafie van Wyk

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Faith in the resurrection of Jesus: Barth and Bultmann. This article aims to contribute to the understanding of the views of Barth and Bultmann on the interpretation of Jesus’ resurrection. It deliberately steers away from the abundance of secondary material available on the subject and focuses on the relevant primary sources with the result that the differences between the two authors come sharp into focus. The fundamental difference between Barth and Bultmann is not that Barth believes that Jesus has truly risen from the grave, but that Bultmann does not believe it. The hermeneutical question about the presence of Jesus Christ, the risen Lord and his work of salvation is the central issue of Christology for both theologians, but this is also the point on which they differ radically from each other. The Auseinandersetzung between Barth and Bultmann indicates how ongoing and intensive theological discourse can benefit the proclamation of the gospel and the church.

  9. Ave Verum Corpus : Conversión y usos del dolor somático en la posmodernidad

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    Manuel Sánchez Moreno

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available La conciencia de pecado judeo cristiana ha exigido la mortificación carnal como medio para alcanzar la salvación del alma y como meditación de la pasión de Cristo. Con la muerte de Dios, el poder sigue exigiendo sacrificios en beneficio de la comunidad, quedando el sujeto anestesiado. Esta situación es denunciada por numerosos artistas que hacen diferentes usos del dolor: pasivamente, a modo de espectáculo o como comunicación.The Jew-Christian sin’s conscience has demanded the body mortification for reaching the salvation of the soul and like meditation of the passion of Christ. With the death of God, the power continues demanding sacrifices in benefit of the community, being the anesthesic subject. This situation is denounced by numerous artists who make different uses of the pain: passively, as a spectacle or like communication.

  10. Semantics of Islam and Quran and it’s Relation with Religious Pluralism

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    Javad Mohammadi

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available This research attempts to consider the relationship between "Islam" And "religious pluralism" through lexical and Quranic semantic of "Islam ". This word derived from "Selm" in Arabic and means subordination, humility and submission, because it does not have any insubordination and refusal. In Quranic verses " Islam" means "being surrendered to God and his commands", the commands that transmitted to people by messengers of God. Therefore, according to the verses of noble Quran, one of the most important submission conditions is the belief that Prophet Muhammad (pbuh, is the messenger of God. This reading is consistent with a meaning of the religious pluralism that emphasizes on rightfulness of Islam along the salvation of non Muslim people and , also, peaceful life with them, while is inconsistent with the definition that believe in plurality and equality of religions in rightfulness .

  11. [Hospice program and palliative medicine].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nakagami, Y

    1997-05-01

    Hospice and palliative care have important roles for cancer patients in an incurable state to alleviate their total pain and to achieve the best quality of life. Interdisciplinary team-doctors, nurses, therapists, social workers and so on provide effective support in order to fulfill the varying needs of patients and families. Pain relief as a palliative medicine is most urgently required by seventy percent of patients on admission to our Hospice at the Salvation Army Kiyose Hospital. A case is presented with some comments on pain management. Music therapy is also introduced. This is one of the complementary methods for consolation of the mind and body of patients. Some of them seem to find it beneficial.

  12. Cine-Club

    CERN Multimedia

    Cine-Club

    2013-01-01

    Thursday 12 September 2013 at 20:00 CERN Council Chamber Raining Stones Directed by Ken Loach (UK, 1993) Original version English; French subtitles; 90 minutes This Ken Loach film tells the story of a man devoted to his family and his religion. Proud, though poor, Bob wants his little girl to have a beautiful and costly brand-new dress for her First Communion. His stubbornness and determination get him into trouble as he turns to more and more questionable measures, in his desperation to raise the needed money. This tragic flaw leads him to risk all that he loves and values, his beloved family, indeed even his immortal soul and salvation, in blind pursuit of that goal. http://cineclub.web.cern.ch/Cineclub/

  13. The death of Isabella Della Volpe: four eyewitness accounts of a postmortem caesarean section in 1545.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Katharine

    2008-01-01

    This article provides a transcription and translation of four notarized declarations describing the events surrounding a postmortem caesarean section performed in 1545 in Vercelli, a small city in the Duchy of Savoy. After her death in the late stages of pregnancy, Isabella della Volpe's body was opened and her fetus excised by a local barber, aided by a surgeon and a midwife. The article argues that the postmortem caesarean section was a well-known and widely accepted procedure and that it might be motivated by financial and legal as well as religious concerns; not only was it important to baptize the child for its salvation, but the fate of the mother's dowry, as in this case, might depend on whether she died with or without living issue.

  14. Carcinoma of the gallbladder. The Roswell Park experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silk, Y N; Douglass, H O; Nava, H R; Driscoll, D L; Tartarian, G

    1989-12-01

    The median survival, from diagnosis, of patients with cancer of the gallbladder is 6 months. Our purpose in reviewing our experience was to identify factors, either in patient characteristics or treatment, that influence this statistic. In 22 years 71 cases of gallbladder carcinoma were referred to Roswell Park Memorial Institute in Buffalo, New York. Most had a cholecystectomy that revealed an unsuspected neoplasm, before referral. Mean age was 62 years and 75% were female. Symptoms, signs, and laboratory and imaging studies were uniformly unhelpful in determining the diagnosis. Early diagnosis at a stage amenable to surgical excision remains the sole salvation. Patients who receive chemotherapy did better than those who did not, but this is probably a reflection of patient selection. Newer treatment modalities are urgently needed.

  15. Political and Religious Aspects in the ≪Slavophiles≫ Perception in the Early 20th Century (A. A. Kireev, F. D. Samarin, D. N. Shipov

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    Paromov Kirill

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available A. A. Kireev, F. D. Samarin, D. N. Shipov are perceived as the representatives of the Slavophile tradition of Russian thought. For A. A. Kireev and D. N. Shipov socio-ethical ideal was achieved simultaneously religious and political aspirations. For F. D. Samarin unity of the Church and social issues was a guarantee of «organic development» of Russia. These public figures assumed religious opportunities in the social environment. As for early Slavophiles, the idea of the Church approached with the idea of «true community». Salvation as the Church task was closer to the liberal idea. The social aspect has become mandatory in the views of the Church.

  16. The concept “salvation” in the Church of Scientology

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    S. P. Pretorius

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available In one of its publications the Church of Scientology (COSI, a well-established religious movement in South Africa, claims to be not only the fastest growing religious movement, but also to be an active force for positive change in the world. The Church of Scientology’s utilization of familiar terms such as “church” and “religion” can be misleading. It can create the understanding with some that Scientology might be related to, or even be an extension of the Christian tradition. This understanding is further enhanced by their assurance to Christians that joining the church will not distance them from, but instead, strengthen their own faith. This article, however, concludes that closer investigation of the philosophy of Scientology indicates that there is a distinct difference between the salvations offered by Scientology and that of the Christian tradition.

  17. The opinion of St. Theophan, the Recluse, on Belokrinitskaya and Coreligionists Hierarchy

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    Kashirina Varvara Viktorovna

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available The article analyses the views of St. Theophan, the Recluse (1815-1894, the famous theologian and spiritual writer of the 19th century, on the Belokrinitskaya Hierarchy, which stemmed in 1846 from the Metropolitan Ambrose (Georgiopoli. St. Theophan considered that the Belokrinitskaya Hierarchy is devoid of grace. Like many bishops, St. Theophan considered the ‘edinoverie’ (coreligionism as a step in the conversion to Orthodox Christian and as a way to salvation. The attitude of St. Theophan to the old believers is fully in line with Church tradition and is characterized by integrity and comprehensiveness of the analysis, as well as active personal acquaintance with those problems about which he wrote.

  18. Jesus, Mama, and the constraints on salvific love in contemporary country music .

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grossman, M L

    2002-01-01

    The discourse of contemporary country music creates a world permeated with religion and centered on the notion of salvific love. This form of salvation arises in the connection between people (or between people and God) and includes elements of sacrifice and transformation. Although highly conventional, country music must meet standards of 'authenticity' and 'relevance', which require the incorporation of contemporary American religious values (including self-love and self-actualization). An analysis of recent country music lyrics reveals the remarkable openness to new religious messages. However, the only acceptable messages are those that can be harmonized with the implicit Protestant Christian sensibility of the music. Salvific love, for this reason, is always heterosexual and at least compatible with a Christian message. While the music industry does its best to erase minority sexualities, the music itself is often surprisingly open to a queer interpretation.

  19. God, mammon and the physician: medicine in England before the college.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rawcliffe, C

    2000-01-01

    Medieval medical practice has all too often been depicted by historians as ineffective, overpriced and riddled with superstition. Yet the physician, who boasted an impressive range of academic accomplishments, exercised considerable influence in political, religious and cultural affairs. How was this achieved? The overwhelming authority of the Church, in an age of high mortality, when life was generally painful as well as short, helps to explain an apparent paradox. For the practitioner, who was often also a priest, dealt with spiritual as well as earthly diseases, plumbing the recesses of men's souls while he examined their bodies. He was a confidant and mentor, offering advice on all aspects of the human condition. Since physical suffering was often regarded as a consequence of sin, confession loomed large in treatment. Indeed, the practice of both medicine and surgery was regulated by canon law, which looked beyond mere physical fitness to the quest for eternal salvation.

  20. The Relationship between Faith and History in Panenberg’s View Point

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    Zeinab Salari

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Relation between Faith and History is one of  the main issues in modern Christian Theology. The start point of this issue refers to Historical Critique of the Bible. What motivated towards   addressing   to the History and its relation with faith, is relation between Divine being (as a reality and the world which has made by Historical events and phenomena. Under impact of German Idealism and Hegel’s Philosophical thought regarding History and Historical critique, Panenberg, puts Christian Theology in the context of the modern historical  affairs  and studied it with a critical approaches. By providing  a hermeneutical interpretation of Divine visions, or, providing  a revelation in line of modern historical thoughts ,he tries, to turns from Theology of Salvation to Historical Theology

  1. The Relationship between Faith and History in Panenberg’s View Point

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zeinab Salari

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Relation between Faith and History is one of  the main issues in modern Christian Theology. The start point of this issue refers to Historical Critique of the Bible. What motivated towards   addressing   to the History and its relation with faith, is relation between Divine being (as a reality and the world which has made by Historical events and phenomena. Under impact of German Idealism and Hegel’s Philosophical thought regarding History and Historical critique, Panenberg, puts Christian Theology in the context of the modern historical  affairs  and studied it with a critical approaches. By providing  a hermeneutical interpretation of Divine visions, or, providing  a revelation in line of modern historical thoughts ,he tries, to turns from Theology of Salvation to Historical Theology

  2. Oltre il frammento

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    Luca Di Viesto

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available This article intends to briefly analyze the characteristics that the form of the essay assumes in György Lukács, Walter Benjamin and Theodor W. Adorno’s thought. I focused on one single point: the central function that the essay acquires within the relations between particulars and system. The results are particularly interesting since, in the face of a substantial agreement on initial diagnosis, the three autors propose very different solutions: Lukács intends the form of the essay as the only possible way to overcome the fracture between world and totality; on the contrary, Adorno intends that same form as the only form adequate to express the insurmountability of the fracture; finally, Benjamin tries to keep both sides togheter: the autonomy of the trascendent and the salvation of the immanent.

  3. Ideology and religious education through school readers books of the Spanish Restoration (1875-1902

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    Carmelita GONZÁLEZ RODRÍGUEZ

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available We propose to study how Roman Catholic ideology was transmitted to children through school readers dating from the period of the Spanish Restoration (1875-1902. The principal concepts dealt with are religion, faith, hope, charity and God. This last received the greatest attention, touching on multiple facets: existence, presence, divine attibutes and the relationship of man to God through love and adoration. In this respect great importance is given to prayer: children are constantly being called upon to pray, as this is a necessary step in the search for God as well as being a means to gaining eternal salvation. It is also clearly indicated that religious education must be given in the home as well as at school. Whereas the school is in charge of religious instruction and the cultivation of certain practices, it falls to the parents to nurture religious values through dialogue, guidance and their own actions.

  4. [The Future of Ecology: Wisdom as The Speculative Centre of Environmental Ethics].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valera, Luca

    2016-01-01

    This article argues that it is necessary to go back to Potter's proposal to rediscover a concept of bioethics wider than medical ethics, and strongly connected to environmental ethics. The two disciplines share, among others, the following dimensions: the consciousness of the sin as a consequence of recent technological developments; the need for a salvation; the need for a science of survival; wisdom as a possible solution. Referring to the latter, the work of Van Rennselaer Potter (father of bioethics) and Arne Næss (father of deep ecology, and in a broader sense, of environmental ethics) are particularly linked: it seems that wisdom should be the virtue providing answers about our way of dwelling the world. Finally, we will argue about the need for a practical wisdom (phronesis) for the future of environmental ethics.

  5. أنموذج إنسان الحداثة في المقاربة الرؤيوية إلى العالم

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    نصر الدين بن سراي

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available In the World's Intellectual fact, today there are many and varied visions, which tries to present itself as a vision bringing the salvation of humanity with concepts and projects. among them, the one presented by modernity, which took the ethereal character echoing the intellectual world, considered as a world view that tried to provide a vision to build a modern man according to his worldview, which confirmed the primacy of the spirit and respect for the human being, through the mental tendency, inherited to physical science, to approximate the notion of humanity through these two narrow aims, later excluded the spiritual after the man has become the reference of himself, and in this study we try to question the visionary character of modernity on the concept of modern humanity, using that vision to the world as a procedural tool for this questionning, to investigate which is invisible in the conceptual and intellectual worlds of modernity.

  6. New and already known acanthocephalans mostly from mammals in Vietnam, with descriptions of two new genera and species in Archiacanthocephala.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amin, Omar M; Ha, Ngyuen Van; Heckmann, Richard A

    2008-02-01

    Adults of 2 new species and 2 new genera of acanthocephalans in class Archiacanthocephala, collected between 1998 and 2004 in Vietnam from the intestines of mammals, are described, i.e., Cucullanorhynchus constrictruncatus n. gen., n. sp. (Oligacanthorhynchidae) from a leopard Panthera pardus (Linnaeus) (Mammalia: Felidae) and Paraprosthenorchis ornatus n. gen. n. sp. (Oligacanthorhynchidae) from the Chinese pangolin Manis pentadactyla (Linnaeus) (Mammalia: Manidae). Adult Sphaerechinorhynchus macropisthospinus Amin, Wongsawad, Marayong, Saehoong, Suwattanacoupt, and Sey, 1998 (Plagiorhynchidae) are described for the first time from 2 females collected from a tiger Panthera tigris (Linnaeus) (Mammalia: Felidae) and from 1 male from a water monitor Varanus salvator Laurenti (Reptilia: Varanidae). Characteristic features distinguishing the new species or genera from related taxa are as follows. The trunk of C. constrictruncatus has an anterior hood in both sexes and a posterior constriction in females. The anterior trunk of P. ornatus has many small festoons and proboscis hooks are inserted in elevated papillae separated by beady, near hexagonal, ornate grids.

  7. Al compás del fin del mundo: La Virgen de los sicarios de Fernando Vallejo

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    María Amalia Barchiesi

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The novel La Virgen de los sicarios (Our Lady of the Assassins (1994 by Fernando Vallejo offers a terrifying vision of the apocalyptic and cultural transformations that took place in Colombia from receipt of the globalizing economic policies of the late nineteenth century. This is how a communication model circulated, based mainly on the acoustics which promoted interference and disruption in intersubjective relations, generating destruction and violence. The countless allusions to John’s Book of Revelation in the novel gives a prophetic and eschatological sense to the acoustic signs of an unfinished and devastating modernity which plagued Colombia at the end of last century, with no possibility of salvation. Vallejo's novel attributes this apocalyptic sense the "revelation" of an essential truth of the world and the people of Latin America, the crude unveiling of something hidden and secret, that is, the incorporeal effects of acoustic devices which, consciously or unconsciously, trigger and feed violence in Colombia.

  8. ‘All That Road Going’

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Carter, Dale

    2017-01-01

    The closing lines of Jack Kerouac’s On the Road (1957), which provide this chapter’s title, express faith in movement while lamenting where it has led. The same might be said of The Beach Boys Smile, composed by Brian Wilson and Van Dyke Parks during 1966 and 1967 yet only completed and released...... as Brian Wilson Presents Smile in 2004. Travel on Smile is not by automobile, however, but by ship and railroad, bicycle and surfboard: non-mainstream vehicles well-suited to follow its alternative path across the American experience. A long-lost forgotten road album, Smile articulates the nation......’s trajectory as star-spangled conquest and voyage of spiritual discovery or recovery: at once wilderness errand, rite de passage, land raid, trade mission and religious pilgrimage. It also suggests that any quest for national salvation will only move into higher gear when ‘all that road going’ has been...

  9. A social scientific study of the significance of the jubilee in the New Testament

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    Gert Volschenk

    2002-11-01

    Full Text Available This social scientific study of the Biblical jubilee focuses primarily on the jubilee as a metaphor within the framework of engaged hermeneutics. The jubilee was a symbol of transformation and emancipation. The article shows the significance of the jubilee in the New Testament as interpreted within the context of the reign of God and salvation in Jesus Christ.  The liberation from enslavement pertains to all levels of human existence, including socio-economic and political interrelationships. The study demonstrates conflicting perceptions of land tenancy in an ancient economy that resulted in the exploitation and enslavement of peasants and their families. The constructs of the advanced agrarian society and the pre-industrial city are used as heuristic models for the interpretation of data.

  10. Auctoritas Maiorum in the edict of Galerius of 311 ad

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    Petković Žarko

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The phraseology of the Edict of Toleration issued by Galerius in 311 reveals a unique motive on the part of the emperor for his persecution of Christians: the Christians had abandoned the religious convictions of their ancestors and made their own laws, which consequently had led them - allegedly - into atheism. Galerius issued an order that they (the Christians should return to the practices established by their own forefathers. Thus, the re-establishment of mos maiorum, endangered by Christian 'atheism', was Galeirus' prime motive for confronting the new religion. If this was the real motive, it was carefully chosen: mos maiorum was the key point for the preservation of traditional (pagan religion, social order and the Roman Empire, as Ciciero and Symmachus put it. When Galerius proclaimed, on his death­bed, that Christians should pray for his salvation, he remained devoted to his polytheistic convictions.

  11. Lyding �om U ontwil� in Psalms 44 en 69

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    J. H. Coetzee

    1988-08-01

    Full Text Available Suffering "for Your sake" in Psalms 44 and 69 Suffering "for Your sake" in the Old Testament is often incorrectly interpreted as vicarious suffering. In Psalms 44:23 and 69:8 where this expression occurs, it has a multiple function which excludes vicarious suffering. While the question of the reason and purpose of the suffering remains unanswered because the covenant theology had become a mystery, this expression was implemented as an escape to God's loving-kindness as the only ground for salvation. The problem of innocent suffering is not totally resolved hereby, but the tension between innocence and suffering is relieved and a shift in covenant theology introduced by the use of this expression.

  12. Boekbesprekings/Book reviews

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    Editorial Office

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Seeking the favor of God, Vol 2: The development of penitential prayer in second temple Judaism Salvation and the cross Dimensions of evil: Contemporary perspectives The new perspective on Paul Viewed from the shoulders of God: Themes in science and theology Do you not remember? Scripture, story and exegesis in the rewritten Bible of Pseudo-Philo (Journal for the Study of the Pseudepigrapha Supplement Series (37 Judaism of the second temple period (Vol 1: Qumran and Apocalypticism Galatians and the imperial cult Divorce and remarriage in the Bible: The social and literacy context Consuming Jesus: Beyond race and class divisions in a consumer church God en geweld in het Oude Testament The compassionate leader: Leading like Jesus did. How treating people properly can give you the corporate edge

  13. Narrative Structure in Religious Conversion: The Case of Converts to the Pentecostal Methodist Church of Chile

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    Víctor Hugo Masías

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available In this article I analyze the narrative structure of the discourse of individuals who have converted to the Pentecostal Methodist Church of Chile. I use Grounded Theory to analyze 11 conversion narratives, which were collected through a narrative-biographical interview, and with support from the graphical tool called Story-Line. The results identify two types of conversion narrative structure. The first one is understood as a personal salvation narrative, the second one is described as a spiritual renewal narrative. This allowed the construction of a conceptual model illustrating the way in which the conversion narrative of the convert is structured. The discussion is centered on comparing the findings of this study with other similar investigations; debating the similarities and differences found in conversion narratives and their differing philosophies. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs1001210

  14. Is poverty a matter of perspective? Significance of Amartya Sen for the church’s response to poverty: A public practical theological reflection

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    Noah K. Tenai

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Poverty continues to present an enormous challenge to the well-being of humanity. Different frameworks on poverty tend to identify different persons as poor, impacting on efforts to fight poverty. The church as a role player in the public domain needs a framework that can assist it in its task of working for salvation and liberation in the face of overwhelming poverty. Acombined framework, from Amartya Sen’s entitlement approach and capability approach, is amalgamated and suggested as an integrated framework that could act as a lens or a viewpoint from which the church could venture to conceptualise, quantify and respond to instances of poverty. Keywords: Poverty; Church; Well-being; Amartya Sen; Entitlement Approach; Capability Approach

  15. El peso del pasado : crítica y pintura como mecanismos de construcción histórica.

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    Julián Díaz Sánchez

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Tanto Ad Reinhardt como Antonio Saura, en lugares y contextos bien diferentes, consideraron el arte abstracto como un mecanismo de salvación del arte. En la España de posguerra, los críticos y los artistas encontraron una línea de continuidad entre las grandes tradiciones pictóricas (de Velázquez a Goya y el informalismo.Both Ad Reinhardt as Antonio Saura, in very different places and contexts, considered abstract art as a means of salvation of art. In post-war Spain, critics and artists found a line of continuity between the great pictorial traditions (from Velázquez to Goya and the art informel.

  16. Redefinisi “Perbatasan dan Keamanan” di Asia Tenggara (Sebuah Paradigma untuk Ketahanan Nasional

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    Kamaruzzaman Bustamam-Ahmad

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available This article intends to examine the dynamics of "border and security" in Southeast Asia through the social history approach. ASEAN members have used the concept of ASEAN Community by 2015 as a new way of building community identity of Southeast Asia. This study described how changes in paradigm to the concept of "borders and security" by examining the meaning of nation, homeland, and the influence of the post-colonial concept of nation states. Here is explained the concept of security, faith, salvation as a fundamental concept in the "border and security" which has been influenced by religious values. Authors concluded that the concept of ASEAN Community is one way of raising a new paradigm among the members of the organization-although not entirely successful in practice-towards an identity and vision among the people of Southeast Asia.

  17. de memória da saúde

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    Gisele Sanglard

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyzes the Gaffrée & Guinle Hospital, built in Rio de Janeiro during the 1920s as the result of a process whereby the government took over the management of hospital care in the federal capital. The hospital is the point of convergence between philanthropy and a public healthcare project implemented in the Federal District at that time. It also synthesizes the development of medicine and how the latter translates into hospital architecture, as well as the intellectual effervescence at the time, more specifically the nationalist ideas which can be identified both in the choice of architectural style – namely the neocolonial – and in the theme of salvation of a race through the combat and control of syphilis.

  18. Unsettling the fistula narrative: cultural pathology, biomedical redemption, and inequities of health access in Niger and Ethiopia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heller, Alison; Hannig, Anita

    2017-04-01

    Obstetric fistula, a maternal childbirth injury that results in chronic incontinence, affects an estimated one million women in the global south. In the course of media and donor coverage on this condition, fistula sufferers have been branded as 'child brides' who, following the onset of their incontinence, become social pariahs and eventually find physical and social redemption through surgical repair. This narrative framing pits the violence of 'culture' against the potency of biomedical salvation. Based on over two years of ethnographic research at fistula repair centres in Niger and Ethiopia, this paper challenges this narrative and argues that most women with obstetric fistula remain embedded in social relations, receive continued familial support, and, unexpectedly, experience ambiguous surgical outcomes. This paper interrogates the existing logics of the fistula narrative that have had the unintended effects of obscuring global structural inequalities and diverting attention away from systemic health access reforms.

  19. Community peace between unity and diversity The Qur'anic text is an introduction السِّلْم المجتمعيّ بين الوحدة والتعدّد النصّ القرآنيّ مدخلا

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    Abbas Ameir Muariz أ.م.د. عباس أمير معارز

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract - The requirement to live in peace with different other starting is to live in peace with self-defense, and thus rid oneself of intellectual and psychological ills, and seek to where salvation resulting from the awareness of the value of peace and the need to exercise the practice of accepting the satisfaction of not having carried out the exercise of discontent. - The possibility that the exercise of a culture of peace is an important type of types of self-force and the interior of the same individual and the community, so that the power of the individual and the nation environment requires a reassuring and valid. - The concept of peace to be achieved between the unit representative of the individual, the aspect of the multitudes of the representative of society, with a great opportunity for the exchange of roles.

  20. ≫Estote quod videtis, et accipite quod estis≪: Eucharist in St Augustine

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    Dina D’Elia

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The paper addresses the writings of St Augustine of Hippo, thus marking the 1600th anniversary of the anti-Donatist synod held in Carthage and the start of Augustine’s anti-Pelagian argument in 411 AD. The focus is on two orations (Sermo 272 and 227, translated into Slovenian for the first time, which explain the significance of the Eucharist as a mystery of God’s unity and a sacrament of salvation. The contextualisation of their historical and theological backgrounds sheds light on the Donatist and Pelagian controversies, as well as on their implications for Augustine’s thought on the Eucharist from the ecclesiastic and soteriological perspectives. The basic concepts of his sacramental doctrine are defined by the descriptive method. The paper thus concisely confirms the impact of individual controversies on the development of Augustine’s theology, which has exercised a decisive influence on the history of dogmas and practices up to the present.

  1. Last Judgement in the Hospital Church of the Holy Spirit in Slovenj Gradec as a Medium of Coalescence of the Real and the Metaphysical

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    Nadja Bartol

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The article discusses the Last Judgement in the Church of the Holy Spirit in Slovenj Gradec, focussing on its function as a devotional image. The contemporary spread of mysticism was accompanied by specific icon-like devotional images, and such holds true also for the Last Judgement fresco. The church which houses it was closely connected with the activities of the nearby hospital, whose main concern was pro cura animarum, to prepare the soul for the blessings of paradise. In other words, with little earthly hope the sick and the poor had to endure pain and suffering as they prepared for the afterlife. However, this suffering was seen as a guarantee of their salvation, by means of imitatio Christi. The fresco served as an Andachtsbild, and while observing it, the sickly felt relief and consolation and, at least for a while, tasted the sweetness of heavenly realms.

  2. Introducció al més enllà en l’opus lul·lià

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    Xavier Bonillo Hoyos

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available El present article analiza la concepció sobre alguns temes del més enllà en la obra de Ramon Llull, a partir d’alguns dels temes recurrrents de l’escatologia del segle XIII. Com la certesa del paradís i de la seva descripció, les característiques dels àngels o la salvació de l’ànima. This paper analyzes the conception of some questions of the afterlife in the work of Ramon Llull, from some of the themes of thirteenth century eschatology, as the certainty of paradise and its description, the characteristics of angels or the salvation of the soul.

  3. Framing climate change in a popularised setting:

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Laursen, Anne Lise; Rasmussen, Kirsten Wølch; Engberg, Jan

    Framing climate change in a popularised setting: The case of the COP conferences The major project from which this presentation has emerged intends to analyze the media communication in connection with mainly the COP15 conference in Copenhagen on climate change 2009 in a number of European...... countries (printed newspapers and online versions) from a micro, meso and macro level. The main idea is to investigate how newspapers present the issue, what changes are visible in the different comparisons, and to what extent these changes may be related to efforts by the local and global organizers...... metaphors used about the event in the Danish press coverage reaching from seeing climate change negotiations as a road to mutual salvation, at one end of the scale, to seeing such negotiations as a kind of war between nations and interests. In our paper, we will present the background of the range...

  4. The Making of Educationally Manageable Immigrant Schoolchildren in Denmark, 1970–2013

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Padovan-Özdemir, Marta

    national(ist) project, but also equally as a racialising, civilising, modernising project of governing the social and doing good. The thesis demonstrates how revisiting the social question in a post-1970 context of educating immigrant schoolchildren disturbs the optimistic salvation project of public...... education and integration. The thesis shows how a post-1970 Danish welfare nation state can be understood as the effect of an inherently modernistic project of brutal care, subtly racialised professionalisation, and a civilising pedagogy placing immigrant schoolchildren on the threshold of a thesis...... for immigrant children’s individual welfare, but also for the collective welfare of Danish society. With the objective of unravelling this educational attention, the thesis asks how were immigrant schoolchildren made educationally manageable in Danish public schools between 1970 and 2013, and how have...

  5. THE FUNDAMENTS OF EXPLANATORY CAUSES

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    Lavinia Mihaela VLĂDILĂ

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The new Criminal Code in the specter of the legal life the division of causes removing the criminal feature of the offence in explanatory causes and non-attributable causes. This dichotomy is not without legal and factual fundaments and has been subjected to doctrinaire debates even since the period when the Criminal Code of 1969 was still in force. From our perspective, one of the possible legal fundaments of the explanatory causes results from that the offence committed is based on the protection of a right at least equal with the one prejudiced by the action of aggression, salvation, by the legal obligation imposed or by the victim’s consent.

  6. Has Capitalism Lost its Puritan Spirit? What do Recent WVS Data Say about Religiosity and Work Values?

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    Veysel Bozkurt

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper tests the arguments of social theorists about the changing spirit of capitalism in countries with different levels of economic development using the recent World Values Survey (WVS. Max Weber claimed that the Protestant Ethic was the spirit of capitalism for salvation and improved economic development in Europe. During the last 40 years, sociologists, such as Bell and Bauman, have claimed that capitalism has started to lose its puritan spirit and a new secular/hedonist personality type has emerged as the new characteristic of post-industrial/ consumer capitalism. The data show that religiosity and work values decline but leisure and self-expression values increase in knowledge economy-based post-industrial societies and late consumer capitalism has a new spirit which is the polar opposite of the Protestant ethic. However, the puritan sprit has not totally disappeared from the world but has migrated to newly industrializing societies.

  7. Sin and Addiction: Conceptual Enemies or Fellow Travelers?

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    Linda Mercadante

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available The addiction recovery metaphor of Alcoholics Anonymous (AA and the sin/salvation metaphor of Protestant heritage have a lot more in common than people realize. On the surface, of course, it seems that the addiction recovery process is quite the opposite of what is assumed to be a religious approach to addiction. Many assume that religion takes a moralistic or judgmental attitude to addiction, focusing on intentional wrong-doing, lack of will power, or sin, i.e., offending God, self and others. Instead, from a theological perspective, sin and addiction are not the opposites generally assumed. The identification of alienation from God, and the focus on spirituality and healing are core issues for both concepts. Understanding this congruence can facilitate a very productive conversation between theologians, religious believers, and recovering persons.

  8. Geloof in die opstanding van Jesus: Barth en Bultmann

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    Gabriël M.J. (Gafie van Wyk

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Faith in the resurrection of Jesus: Barth and Bultmann. This article aims to contribute to the understanding of the views of Barth and Bultmann on the interpretation of Jesus’ resurrection. It deliberately steers away from the abundance of secondary material available on the subject and focuses on the relevant primary sources with the result that the differences between the two authors come sharp into focus. The fundamental difference between Barth and Bultmann is not that Barth believes that Jesus has truly risen from the grave, but that Bultmann does not believe it. The hermeneutical question about the presence of Jesus Christ, the risen Lord and his work of salvation is the central issue of Christology for both theologians, but this is also the point on which they differ radically from each other. The Auseinandersetzung between Barth and Bultmann indicates how ongoing and intensive theological discourse can benefit the proclamation of the gospel and the church.

  9. Late Luther’s Anthropology: Disputatio de homine (1536

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    Rodion Savinov

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available The article analyzes the development of anthropological problems in Martin Luther’s theology, and reveals the transformation of this topic in the late period of the development of Luther’s theology. Main source for that investigation is Luther’s theses "Disputatio de homine"i.e. "Disputation concerning Man", 1536. Since anthropological problems are not represented as a special teaching in Luther’s doctrine, its included in the context of versatile theological searches. We proposed a model for reconstructing Luther’s ideas concerning man on the basis of difficult accents that he made in different periods of his life. In particular, early Luther in 1510-1520ss assert the impossibility to determine the nature of man because its radical destruction by sin. Salvation is carried out as a change of this sinfulness nature, "birth from above", liberating man from "slavery to the world" - it's main theme of his treatise "On Christian Freedom", - and change willfulness into an instrument of understanding will of God in treatise "The Bondage of the Will". Subsequently, late Luther in 1530s changes the approach to interpreting anthropological problems without abandoning the ideas expressed him earlier: he recognizes the possibility of knowing human nature, he connects the history of creation and the history of salvation in the concept of "tota creatura" and through this connection between creation and the Creator approaches the interpretation of the problem of predestination, not individual, but generic. This circumstance allows to consider the late period of Luther’s life which usually neglected, as an important stage in the development of his doctrine.

  10. Biblical principles towards a pastoral strategy for poverty alleviation amongst the youth in Uganda

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    Asea Wilson

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Over centuries, many churches in Uganda have failed to do justice to the gospel to the materially and socially robbed. Their preoccupation has been with the gospel to the sinners. But the salvation of sinners and the care for the materially and socially deprived are part of one and the same gospel. In other words, these churches could not handle the two gospels that are found in the Bible: the salvation of the sinners and care for the physical needs of the poor. It has a gospel for the ‘sinning’, but no gospel for the ‘sinned against’. The church in Uganda must now become involved in the process of mutual commitment to freedom, justice and care for the disadvantaged. It must develop a complete theology of the divine grace for sinners as well as the gospel for the materially and socially disadvantaged. Moreover, however, eradicating material poverty is not simply a matter of making more and better provisions available, but of expanding actual participation so that young people might fulfil their own roles in the whole society to which they belong. An attempt was made to define poverty and to discuss the characteristics of poverty through the exposition of the weak points of both the church and the government that were constructed by means of a literature study as well as qualitative interviews in contrast to the biblical strength that was determined through an exegetical study of texts that specifically dealt with issues of poverty. The views of churches with regard to poverty were taken into consideration. Last but not least, a possible means was developed that could be utilised to break down the persistent poverty amongst the youth in Uganda.

  11. Calvin’s concept of and the Formulary of the GKSA on the Lord’s Supper

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    B. Spoelstra

    2001-08-01

    Full Text Available Dutch humanists provided Zwingli with a symbolic concept of the Lord’s Supper by which the bread and wine symbolise the body and blood of Christ on Calvary. These symbolic concepts of body and blood should be commemorated (in memoriam and believed to receive atonement from sin. The Formulary and formula for administering the sacrament in the GKSA were inherited from the Netherlands and contain phrases originally used by Calvin. It is widely claimed and assumed that the contents of the Formulary corresponds with concepts derived from Calvin. Calvin’s commentaries on relevant passages and concepts expressed in his Institutes and Tracts differ radically and entirely from the trend and content of the Formulary and formula of administration used in the GKSA. Calvin does not isolate the death of Christ from resurrection. He does not dwell upon communion with something Christ did for us in the past. He accepts the sacrifice (blood to ratify a covenant (new testament by which the household of God is established. The bread and cup signify Christ, and are regarded as God’s spiritual nourishment for his household. The living Christ in heaven is present in the Holy Spirit at the Lord’s health-giving table. The symbols of bread and cup remain what they are but through faith change to represent Christ. Calvin’s concept of communion and unity is irreconcilable with the concept of a sacramental meal of commemoration (Zwingli. The concept of communion corresponds with early Christian and even Roman and Lutheran traditions. Faith in atonement belongs to commencement of salvation (viz. baptism and the Formulary of the GKSA on the Lord’s Supper. Being nourished with Christ through faith belongs to the consummation of salvation (viz. communion.

  12. Biblical principles towards a pastoral strategy for poverty alleviation amongst the youth in Uganda

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    Asea Wilson

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Over centuries, many churches in Uganda have failed to do justice to the gospel to the materially and socially robbed. Their preoccupation has been with the gospel to the sinners. But the salvation of sinners and the care for the materially and socially deprived are part of one and the same gospel. In other words, these churches could not handle the two gospels that are found in the Bible: the salvation of the sinners and care for the physical needs of the poor. It has a gospel for the ‘sinning’, but no gospel for the ‘sinned against’. The church in Uganda must now become involved in the process of mutual commitment to freedom, justice and care for the disadvantaged. It must develop a complete theology of the divine grace for sinners as well as the gospel for the materially and socially disadvantaged. Moreover, however, eradicating material poverty is not simply a matter of making more and better provisions available, but of expanding actual participation so that young people might fulfil their own roles in the whole society to which they belong. An attempt was made to define poverty and to discuss the characteristics of poverty through the exposition of the weak points of both the church and the government that were constructed by means of a literature study as well as qualitative interviews in contrast to the biblical strength that was determined through an exegetical study of texts that specifically dealt with issues of poverty. The views of churches with regard to poverty were taken into consideration. Last but not least, a possible means was developed that could be utilised to break down the persistent poverty amongst the youth in Uganda.

  13. The Relevance of Reformed Scholasticism for Contemporary Systematic Theology

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    te Velde Dolf

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This article examines how Reformed scholasticism can be relevant for systematic theology today. ‘Reformed Scholasticism’ denotes the academic practice in which the doctrines of the Reformation are expounded, explained, and defended. It is primarily a method and attitude in search of the truth, based on a careful reading of Scripture, drawing on patristic and medieval traditions, and interacting with philosophy and other academic disciplines. In addition to these methodological features, important contributions on various doctrinal topics can be discovered. The doctrine of God has a foundational role in the sense that God is the primary subject of the other topics (creation, salvation, etc.. Reformed scholastic theology not only examines God’s inner essence, but also the concrete relation and operation of God toward his world. In a Trinitarian understanding of God’s essence, a distinction is maintained between God’s immanent relatedness as three divine Persons, and his outward relation to created reality. The doctrines of creation and providence gave occasion for Reformed scholastics to engage in debates with the emerging natural sciences, and also articulated important theological insights concerning the involvement of God in creaturely affairs. In Christology, the Reformed orthodox maintained the classic doctrine of the two natures of Jesus Christ, against Socinians and other opponents. These ontological statements are the necessary conditions for a proper understanding of the salvation by Christ. While the doctrinal positions of Reformed scholastic theology cannot be automatically transmitted to contemporary discussions, we can profit from this tradition on several levels of method and content.

  14. Sapientiam sine eloquentia prodesse non est dubium: the rapport of wisdom and eloquence in the work of Isidore of Seville

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    Elena Marey

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available The works of Isidore of Seville reveal several levels of knowledge. The fi rst and the highest is wisdom (sapientia, which according to Isidore, is knowledge of divine things. This wisdom will most definitely lead the initiate to salvation and the Kingdom of Heaven. But the specific quality of wisdom is interpreted by Isidore in diff erent ways according to his various works. In those works which possess an encyclopedic character («Etymologies» and the first book of «Differences», wisdom involves an understanding of how the world and the whole of the cosmos are organised. A wise man is able to comprehend the causes of both the visible and the heavenly world. On the contrary, a person’s rationality (prudentia is oriented towards worldly and secular things. It aims at distinguishing between good and evil and how best to arrange one’s own life and final destiny. Rationality is connected with knowledge (scientia, which is bookish learning, and which Isidore treats as a part of philosophy. At the same time, rationality and knowledge act as instruments for the gaining of wisdom (sapientia. Thus wisdom is linked also with the art of speaking well (eloquentia. In his works meant for a clerical readership, particularly the second book of the «Differences» and the «Sentences», wisdom is opposed to vain mundane knowledge. In these works Isidore affirms that mere eloquence is alien to wisdom and that true wisdom is to be cherished precisely because of its lack of pretention. In the context of these works, wisdom is geared only to the living of a devout life and towards the final aim of the salvation of one’s soul. The differences in the interpretation of the word sapientia can be easily explained by the differences in literary genre among the various works as well as by the readers for whom the various works were intended by the author.

  15. Illness and suffering in the Christian narrative

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    Greger Andersson

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available How do Christians, who try to understand their lives according to the Christian narrative, cope with illness and suffering? This issue is the main concern of this article. Its point of departure is the assumption that the concept of “narrative” expressed in the idea that Christian faith is a narrative, might be taken to refer to a worldview, to a larger narrative (ie salvation history or to the fact that Christians, in a process of hindsight, interpret their lives narratively. Based on talks with students and a process at Örebro Theological Seminary (ÖTH, in which we have been discussing the subject of illness and healing, I argue that some Christians are rethinking their understanding of illness and suffering. Since these Christians often have a high view of the Bible, it is important to examine how these issues are handled in scripture, and how biblical texts have been used traditionally. These Christians also refer to their experiences and to common apprehensions of illness and suffering in society. I propose that the Christians I refer to tend to avoid religious causal or teleological explanations of illness and suffering. They even seem to prefer not to involve God in these issues at all. This could be taken as a token of secularisation, but I argue that this is not the only possible explanation. I suggest instead that it can be linked to a reconsideration of basic tenets of these Christians’ theology and I make the claim that this reconsideration occurred during the process at Örebro Theological Seminary I have referred to above. The narrative reinterpretation of illness and suffering in the personal lives of these Christians is thus closely linked to a reinterpretation of the Christian worldview and salvation history.

  16. William Golding’s Apocalyptic Vision in Lord of the Flies and Pincher Martin

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    Chatterjee Arnab

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Humanity has long been haunted by the notions of Armageddon and the coming of a Golden Age. While the English Romantic poets like Shelley saw hopes of a new millennium in poems like “Queen Mab” and “The Revolt of Islam”, others like Blake developed their own unique “cosmology” in their longer poems that were nevertheless coloured with their vision of redemption and damnation. Even Hollywood movies, like The Book of Eli (2010, rehearse this theme of salvation in the face of imminent annihilation time and again. Keeping with such trends, this paper would like to trace this line of apocalyptic vision and subsequent hopes of renewal with reference to William Golding’s debut novel Lord of the Flies (1954 and his Pincher Martin (1956. While in the former, a group of young school boys indulge in violence, firstly for survival, and then for its own sake, in the latter, a lonely, shipwrecked survivor of a torpedoed destroyer clings to his own hard, rock-like ego that subsequently is a hurdle for his salvation and redemption, as he is motivated by a lust for life that makes him exist in a different moral and physical dimension. In Lord of the Flies, the entire action takes place with nuclear warfare presumably as its backdrop, while Pincher Martin has long been interpreted as an allegory of the Cold War and the resultant fear of annihilation from nuclear fallout (this applies to Golding’s debut novel as well. Thus, this paper would argue how Golding weaves his own vision of social, spiritual, and metaphysical dissolution, and hopes for redemption, if any, through these two novels.

  17. Complete mtDNA sequences of two millipedes suggest a new model for mitochondrial gene rearrangements: Duplication and non-random loss

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    Lavrov, Dennis V.; Boore, Jeffrey L.; Brown, Wesley M.

    2001-11-08

    We determined the complete mtDNA sequences of the millipedes Narceus annularus and Thyropygus sp. (Arthropoda: Diplopoda) and identified in both genomes all 37 genes typical for metazoan mtDNA. The arrangement of these genes is identical in the two millipedes, but differs from that inferred to be ancestral for arthropods by the location of four genes/gene clusters. This novel gene arrangement is unusual for animal mtDNA, in that genes with opposite transcriptional polarities are clustered in the genome and the two clusters are separated by two non-coding regions. The only exception to this pattern is the gene for cysteine tRNA, which is located in the part of the genome that otherwise contains all genes with the opposite transcriptional polarity. We suggest that a mechanism involving complete mtDNA duplication followed by the loss of genes, predetermined by their transcriptional polarity and location in the genome, could generate this gene arrangement from the one ancestral for arthropods. The proposed mechanism has important implications for phylogenetic inferences that are drawn on the basis of gene arrangement comparisons.

  18. Gene expression reveals evidence for EGFR-dependent proximal-distal limb patterning in a myriapod.

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    Janssen, Ralf

    2017-05-01

    Evolution of segmented limbs is one of the key innovations of Arthropoda, allowing development of functionally specific specialized head and trunk appendages, a major factor behind their unmatched evolutionary success. Proximodistal limb patterning is controlled by two regulatory networks in the vinegar fly Drosophila melanogaster, and other insects. The first is represented by the function of the morphogens Wingless (Wg) and Decapentaplegic (Dpp); the second by the EGFR-signaling cascade. While the role of Wg and Dpp has been studied in a wide range of arthropods representing all main branches, that is, Pancrustacea (= Hexapoda + Crustacea), Myriapoda and Chelicerata, investigation of the potential role of EGFR-signaling is restricted to insects (Hexapoda). Gene expression analysis of Egfr, its potential ligands, and putative downstream factors in the pill millipede Glomeris marginata (Myriapoda: Diplopoda), reveals that-in at least mandibulate arthropods-EGFR-signaling is likely a conserved regulatory mechanism in proximodistal limb patterning. © 2017 The Authors. Evolution and Development Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  19. Genome of the Rusty Millipede, Trigoniulus corallinus, Illuminates Diplopod, Myriapod, and Arthropod Evolution.

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    Kenny, Nathan J; Shen, Xin; Chan, Thomas T H; Wong, Nicola W Y; Chan, Ting Fung; Chu, Ka Hou; Lam, Hon-Ming; Hui, Jerome H L

    2015-04-21

    The increasing availability of genomic information from the Arthropoda continues to revolutionize our understanding of the biology of this most diverse animal phylum. However, our sampling of arthropod diversity remains uneven, and key clade such as the Myriapoda are severely underrepresented. Here we present the genome of the cosmopolitanly distributed Rusty Millipede Trigoniulus corallinus, which represents the first diplopod genome to be published, and the second example from the Myriapoda as a whole. This genomic resource contains the majority of core eukaryotic genes (94.3%), and key transcription factor classes that were thought to be lost in the Ecdysozoa. Mitochondrial genome and gene family (transcription factor, Dscam, circadian clock-driving protein, odorant receptor cassette, bioactive compound, and cuticular protein) analyses were also carried out to shed light on their states in the Diplopoda and Myriapoda. The ready availability of T. corallinus recommends it as a new model for evolutionary developmental biology, and the data set described here will be of widespread utility in investigating myriapod and arthropod genomics and evolution. © The Author(s) 2015. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Society for Molecular Biology and Evolution.

  20. Spermatozoa of the 'primitive type' in Scutigerella (Myriapoda, Symphyla).

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    Dallai, R; Afzelius, B A

    2000-02-01

    The myriapod class Symphyla is of interest in that insects generally are assumed to be derived from symphylan-like ancestors. Male Symphyla form spermatophores that are picked up by the female. Both euspematozoa and paraspermatozoa are formed. In spite of the mode of fertilization their euspermatozoa were found to be of a kind that is typical of aquatic animals, so called 'primitive spermatozoa;' these are characterized by a short sperm head with a bilayered acrosome, a midpiece containing a few unmodified mitochondria, and a 9 + 2 flagellum. Scutigerella are unique among terrestrial arthropods in having 'primitive spermatozoa'; and together with horseshoe crabs they are only the second case in Arthropoda. Two further sperm plesiomorphies not found in other myriapods or insects are (1) the presence of a cytoplasmic canal housing the proximal flagellum and (2) the existence of microtubular triplets in centrioles, one of which acts as a basal body. Symphyla and Diplopoda both have a striated structure in the center of the subacrosomal material. The paraspermatozoa lack acrosome and nucleus but have a prominent crystal, a single mitochondrion, and two membrane systems. The structure of Scutigerella euspermatozoa is consistent with Symphyla being close to the stem group of Myriapoda plus Insecta.

  1. Ultrastructure of the epidermal maxilla II-gland of Scutigera coleoptrata (Chilopoda, Notostigmophora) and the ground pattern of epidermal gland organs in Myriapoda.

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    Hilken, Gero; Rosenberg, Jörg; Brockmann, Claudia

    2005-04-01

    The epidermal maxilla II-gland of Scutigera coleoptrata was investigated using light and electron microscopy. The glandular epithelium surrounds a spacious integumental cavity at the base of the maxilla II. The gland is formed as a compound gland organ that is composed of thousands of epidermal gland units. Each of them consists of four different cell types: a secretory cell, an accessory or intermediary cell, and a proximal and distal canal cell. The intermediary and the two canal cells form a conducting canal. Only in the most distal part of the intermediary cell is the canal lined by a cuticle. In the area of the two canal cells, the conducting canal is completely covered by a cuticle. The canal passes through the cuticle and opens into the spacious integumental cavity, which serves as a secretion reservoir. The structural organization of the epidermal maxilla II-gland was compared to that of other compound epidermal gland organs in Chilopoda and Diplopoda. All these glandular organs in Myriapoda share the same ground pattern. Copyright 2005 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

  2. Diplopod hemocyanin sequence and the phylogenetic position of the Myriapoda.

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    Kusche, K; Burmester, T

    2001-08-01

    Hemocyanins are copper-containing respiratory proteins of the Arthropoda that have so far been thoroughly investigated only in the Chelicerata and the Crustacea but have remained unstudied until now in the Myriapoda. Here we report the first sequence of a myriapod hemocyanin. The hemocyanin of Spirostreptus sp. (Diplopoda: Spirostreptidae) is composed of two distinct subunits that are arranged in a 6 x 6 native molecule. The cloned hemocyanin subunit cDNA codes of for a polypeptide of 653 amino acids (75.5 kDa) that includes a signal peptide of 18 amino acids. The sequence closely resembles that of the chelicerate hemocyanins. Molecular phylogenetic analyses reject with high statistical confidence the integrity of the Tracheata (i.e., Myriapoda + Insecta) but give conflicting results on the position of the myriapod hemocyanin. While distance matrix and maximum-likelihood methods support a basal position of the Spirostreptus hemocyanin with respect to the other hemocyanins, parsimony analysis suggests a sister group relationship with the chelicerate hemocyanins. The latter topology is also supported by a unique shared deletion of an alpha-helix. A common ancestry of Myriapoda and Chelicerata should be seriously considered.

  3. The little things that run: a general scaling of invertebrate exploratory speed with body mass.

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    Hirt, Myriam R; Lauermann, Tobias; Brose, Ulrich; Noldus, Lucas P J J; Dell, Anthony I

    2017-11-01

    Speed is a key trait of animal movement, and while much is already known about vertebrate speed and how it scales with body mass, studies on invertebrates are sparse, especially across diverse taxonomic groups. Here, we used automated image-based tracking to characterize the exploratory (voluntary) speed of 173 invertebrates comprising 57 species across six taxonomic groups (Arachnida, Chilopoda, Diplopoda, Entognatha, Insecta, Malacostraca) and four feeding types (carnivore, detritivore, herbivore, omnivore). Across all individuals, exploratory speed (mm/s) scaled with body mass (g) following a power-law relationship with a scaling exponent of 0.19 ± 0.04 (mean ± SE) and an intercept of 14.33 ± 1.2. These parameters varied substantially with taxonomic group and feeding type. For the first time, we provide general empirically derived allometric scaling relationships of exploratory speed across broad taxonomic groups of invertebrates. As exploratory speed drives key components of species interactions, such as encounter and attack rates, or competition, our study contributes to a deeper understanding of the role of individual movement in population and community level processes. © 2017 by the Ecological Society of America.

  4. Myriapod monophyly and relationships among myriapod classes based on nearly complete 28S and 18S rDNA sequences.

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    Gai, Yong-Hua; Song, Da-Xiang; Sun, Hong-Ying; Zhou, Kai-Ya

    2006-12-01

    Myriapods play a pivotal position in the arthropod phylogenetic tree. The monophyly of Myriapoda and its internal relationships have been difficult to resolve. This study combined nearly complete 28S and 18S ribosomal RNA gene sequences (3,826 nt in total) to estimate the phylogenetic position of Myriapoda and phylogenetic relationships among four myriapod classes. Our data set consists of six new myriapod sequences and homologous sequences for 18 additional species available in GenBank. Among the six new myriapod sequences, those of the one pauropod and two symphylans are very important additions because they were such difficult taxa to classify in past molecular-phylogenetic studies. Phylogenetic trees were constructed with maximum parsimony, maximum likelihood, and Bayesian analyses. All methods yielded moderate to strong support for the monophyly of Myriapoda. Symphyla grouped strongly with Pauropoda under all analytical conditions. The KH test rejected the traditional view of Dignatha and Progoneata, and the topology obtained here, though not significantly supported, was Diplopoda versus ((Symphyla + Pauropoda) + Chilopoda).

  5. Soil microarthropod communities from Mediterranean forest ecosystems in Central Italy under different disturbances.

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    Blasi, Silvia; Menta, Cristina; Balducci, Lorena; Conti, Federica Delia; Petrini, Enrico; Piovesan, Gianluca

    2013-02-01

    The aim of this study is to assess soil quality in Mediterranean forests of Central Italy, from evergreen to deciduous, with different types of management (coppice vs. high forest vs. secondary old growth) and compaction impacts (machinery vs. recreational). Soil quality was evaluated studying soil microarthropod communities and applying a biological index (QBS-ar) based on the concept that the higher is the soil quality, the higher will be the number of microarthropod groups well adapted to the soil habitat. Our results confirm that hardwood soils are characterised by the highest biodiversity level among terrestrial communities and by a well-structured and mature microarthropod community, which is typical of stable ecosystems (QBS value, >200). While silvicultural practices and forest composition do not seem to influence QBS-ar values or microarthropod community structure, the index is very efficient in detecting soil impacts (soil compaction due to logging activities). Several taxa (Protura, Diplura, Coleoptera adults, Pauropoda, Diplopoda, Symphyla, Chilopoda, Diptera larvae and Opiliones) react negatively to soil compaction and degradation (QBS value, urban forestry to prevent the negative effects of trampling. QBS-ar is a candidate index for biomonitoring of soil microarthropod biodiversity across the landscape to provide guidance for the sustainable management of renewable resource and nature conservation.

  6. The roles of soil macrofauna on litter decomposition of Acacia mangium Willd

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    MUSYAFA

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Acacia mangium has been widely planted in industrial forest plantation (HTI. High litter accumulation in floor of A. mangium (Acacia plantation due to slow process of decomposition, may disturb nutrient cycling process. It is also vulnerable to forest fire especially in dry season. The research was aimed to clarify the density of soil macrofauna in Acacia plantation and the roles of macrofauna in the decomposition of Acacia litter. The density of macrofauna was estimated by using pitfall traps and hand-sorting method in Acacia stand, at Wanagama Reaserch Center, Gadjah Mada University (GMU. In the laboratory, Spirobolus sp. (Diplopoda were fed with the litter of Acacia and the ingestion rate, defecation rate, and assimilatioan rate were determined. C and N content of the litter and feces were analyzed at Laboratory of Soil Science, Faculty of Agriculture GMU. The results showed that the density of soil macrofauna was low (74.6 individual/m2. The study in laboratory showed that Spirobolus did not est newly fallen leaves of Acacia. Ingestion rate, defecation rate, assimilation efficiency of millipede fed with partly decomposed Acacia leaves were 76.8 mg/g/day, 7.0 mg/g/day, 6.1 mg/g/day respectively. C/N ratio of feces was lower than that of partly decomposed Acacia leaves. It indicated significant change during gut passage of Spirobolus sp. This millipede should be introduced in Acacia plantation as a potential decomposer.

  7. Dermoscopia da sarna crostosa associada à síndrome da imunodeficiência adquirida Dermoscopy of Norwegian scabies in a patient with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome

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    Loan Towersey

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Os autores relatam o caso de uma paciente com sarna norueguesa e síndrome da imunodeficiência adquirida com baixa aderência à terapia antirretroviral. O diagnóstico definitivo foi confirmado pelo exame parasitológico direto. A dermatoscopia mostrou sulcos escabióticos e estruturas acastanhadas em asa-delta já descritas, além de uma estrutura morfologicamente semelhante a um gongolo (diplopodasímile. Esta última representa um elemento patodiagnóstico da SN não previamente descrito. Houve boa reposta clínica ao uso oral da ivermectina e ao uso tópico da vaselina com enxofre a 10%, com concomitante melhora dos parâmetros dermatoscópicos.The authors report here on the case of a female patient with Norwegian (crusted scabies and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome whose compliance with antiretroviral therapy was poor. Definitive diagnosis was confirmed by direct microscopic examination, which revealed numerous Sarcoptes scabei. Dermoscopy showed pathognomonic scabetic burrows and brownish structures in the shape of a hand-glider with a millipede-like appearance. The latter constitutes a diagnostic feature in the pathology of Norwegian scabies that has not yet been described. The patient responded well to oral ivermectin and topical vaseline with sulphur at a proportion of 10%. There was a simultaneous improvement in dermoscopic parameters.

  8. Entomologic perception by teachers and students in the municipality of Santa Cruz do Xingu, Mato Grosso, Brazil

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    Emanuel Maia

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this work was to identify and interpret the entomologic perception of students and teachers living in the Santa Cruz do Xingu, Médio Araguaia region. Semistructured interviews were carried out in December 2006 with students and teachers of the basic and intermediate levels, as well as in Youth and Adult Education, in the municipality of Santa Cruz do Xingu, Mato Grosso. Of the living beings perceived as “insects” by all the interviewees, 82.75% belonged to the Insecta Class, but the rest belonged either to the Fungi Kingdom or to Classes of Animalia (Amphibia, Arachnida, Chilopoda, Diplopoda, Gastropoda, Mammalia and Reptilia. The “insects” were defined by the interviewees as small bugs, which were disgusting and dangerous. When in contact with the “insects”, 76% of the interviewees admitted that they killed them, and the greatest reason given for this was the psychological damage caused by the presence of these animals (65%. To 78% of those interviewed, the “insects” were beings without positive importance. Due to the scarce knowledge about their positive aspects, the perception of the “insects” by the students and teachers living in the Santa Cruz do Xingu region is mainly related to their belief in the negative qualities of these animals, causing aggressive reactions against them as soon as they are perceived in the environment.

  9. Diet of Monodelphis glirina (Mammalia: Didelphidae in forest fragments in southern Amazon

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    Welvis Felipe Fernandes Castilheiro

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The current study aimed to evaluate the diet of Monodelphis glirina (Wagner, 1842 in forest fragments of Alta Floresta, located in the south of the Amazon, state of Mato Grosso. The diet was determined by the analysis of the stomach contents from 57 subjects sampled between May and September 2009. Nine food categories were present: Coleoptera, Orthoptera, Hymenoptera, Diplopoda, Nematoda, seeds, miscellaneous, hair and bait leftovers (banana and peanut butter. Coleoptera was the category eaten most frequently, rating 50% of abundance and 91.22% of occurrence. "Seeds" were the least abundant (0.11% and rated 1.75% in occurrence, probably because seeds are easy to digest. The size of the fragments negatively and significantly influenced the amount of Coleoptera in the diet. The rainy season seemed to have significant influence over the abundance of arthropods in the diet. The items in the diet suggest that M. glirina is opportunistic and has a generalist diet, tending to be insectivore when living in the forest and exploring the food resources according to their availability.

  10. [Evidently extremely different locomotions of myriapods Scolopendra and Pachijulus are organized by the same principle].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karpovich, A L

    2008-01-01

    The unified description of locomotions for the differently walking animals is developed. This description is based on a simplified picture of one row of the ipsilateral legs and is called "the locomotor system configuration". A comparative analysis of kinematic characteristics of the leg movements in the locomotion process of two species of the Crimean millipedes, Pachijulus flavipes (Diplopoda) and Scolopendra cingulata (Chilopoda), is made using this picture. Although visible manifestations of locomotor coordinations in these millipedes are much different, their locomotions are shown to be organized quite similarly at the functional level. The Scolopendra always walks on the ground "footprint into footprint", which means that the footprint "typed" on the ground by the first (or one of the first from the head) leg is consecutively stepped by all subsequent ipsilateral legs one after another through intervals of phase delay. The same kinematic principle of "walking footprint into footprint" is used by the Pachijulus, though not in support phases (on the ground) but in the return phases of legs (in the air). If one represents these millipedes as the schemes corresponding to their locomotor configurations, then it is sufficient to turn the Scolopendra's locomotor configuration "on the back" to receive the Pachijulus locomotor configuration, and vice versa. Such kinematic identity of the locomotor organizations in taxonomically distant animals raises new questions about the evolution of the locomotor programs.

  11. Seasonal activity of Dinoponera quadriceps Santschi (Formicidae, Ponerinae in the semi-arid Caatinga of northeastern Brazil

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    Jeniffer Medeiros

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Seasonal activity of Dinoponera quadriceps Santschi (Formicidae, Ponerinae in the semi-arid Caatinga of northeastern Brazil. We studied seasonal foraging patterns of the queenless ant D. quadriceps (Formicidae, Ponerinae for 24 months in a Caatinga area of northeastern Brazil, an ecosystem characterized by strong climatic changes throughout the year, in order to determine if regulation of worker activity is based on environmental conditions (air temperature, relative humidity, precipitation and/or food resources (potential prey: Coleoptera, Diptera, Hemiptera, Hymenoptera, Lepidoptera, Orthoptera, Araneae, Chilopoda and Diplopoda. Foraging activity of D. quadriceps varied over the course of both years, with the highest frequency occurring from May to August, corresponding to the late rainy season and early dry season. This foraging activity was negatively correlated with temperature and positively correlated with the availability of potential prey, but not with total abundance of soil arthropods or with rainfall and relative humidity. Diet composition, in relation to the main taxonomic prey groups, seems to be common to the species, regardless of habitat. Our results suggest that D. quadriceps workers adjust foraging activity to the most suitable period of the year, to avoid thermal stress and increase efficiency. Thus, they present an appropriate behavioral response to seasonal fluctuations in the Caatinga.

  12. The Study of Wilfred Cantwell Smith’Viewpoint on the Problem of Religious Diversity

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    Hamed Nazarpoor Najafabadi

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available The issue of religious diversity, the religious truth and salvation of the followers of religions is one of the important issues of religious studies, especially philosophy of religion. On this issue there are three viewpoints: religious exclusivism, religious inclusivism and religious pluralism. This study reviews Cantwell Smith's viewpoint about the issue of religious diversity. Wilfred Cantwell Smith (1916-2000 is one of the contemporary scholars in religious studies and one of the thinkers of the twentieth century with extensive knowledge in various fields of the humanities. He is one of the best historians of the twentieth century in the comparative study of religion. The Study of Cantwell Smith's works and his views on religious diversity show that he is follower of religious pluralism. Smith's life, personal beliefs and communication with people of other faiths is an influential factor in shaping his pluralistic vision. His experience with other religions, kept him from general thinking about the other religions, and he gradually came to the conclusion that they are not unsaved and without God; but their lives, just like Christians, has religious features and traits. Type of his communication and administrative and social activities in convergence Christian sects and followers of different religions, reflects his pluralistic spirit and thought. According to Smith's personal approach in religious studies, his emphasis on the distinction between internal and external aspects of religion, emphasizing on the inner aspect of religion, i.e. faith, personal faith and incapacity of others in approve or reject faith, his pluralistic view can be inferred. According to Smith, the study of religion is to investigate the meaning of the appearances of religion in the eyes of those who believe in it, study people's faith and survey persons, not study data. Smith believes that the concepts of faith and cumulative tradition should be used instead of the

  13. Soil macrofauna under integrated crop-livestock systems in a Brazilian Cerrado Ferralsol Macrofauna edáfica em sistemas de integração lavoura-pecuária num Latossolo Vermelho do Cerrado

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    Robélio Leandro Marchão

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this work was to assess the effects of integrated crop-livestock systems, associated with two tillage and two fertilization regimes, on the abundance and diversity of the soil macrofauna. Four different management systems were studied: continuous pasture (mixed grass; continuous crop; two crop-livestock rotations (crop/pasture and pasture/crop; and native Cerrado as a control. Macrofauna was sampled using a modified Tropical Soil Biology and Fertility method, and all individuals were counted and identified at the morphospecies level for each plot. A total of 194 morphospecies were found, distributed among 30 groups, and the most representative in decreasing order of density were: Isoptera, Coleoptera larvae, Formicidae, Oligochaeta, Coleoptera adult, Diplopoda, Hemiptera, Diptera larvae, Arachnida, Chilopoda, Lepidoptera, Gasteropoda, Blattodea and Orthoptera. Soil management systems and tillage regimes affected the structure of soil macrofauna, and integrated crop-livestock systems, associated with no-tillage, especially with grass/legume species associations, had more favorable conditions for the development of "soil engineers" compared with continuous pasture or arable crops. Soil macrofauna density and diversity, assessed at morphospecies level, are effective data to measure the impact of land use in Cerrado soils.O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar os efeitos de sistemas de integração lavoura-pecuária, associados a dois tipos de preparo e de fertilização do solo, sobre a abundância e a diversidade da macrofauna edáfica. Quatro sistemas de manejo foram estudados: pastagem contínua de gramíneas; lavoura contínua de culturas anuais; dois sistemas integrados lavoura-pecuária (lavoura/pastagem e pastagem/lavoura; e Cerrado nativo (controle. A macrofauna foi avaliada pelo método "Tropical Soil Biology and Fertility" modificado e todos os indivíduos coletados nas parcelas foram contados e identificados ao nível de

  14. Colémbolos (Hexapoda como bioindicadores de la calidad de suelos contaminados con hidrocarburos en el sureste de México Collembola (Hexapoda as quality bioindicators of the hydrocarburans polluted soils in Southestern Mexico

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    Raúl Uribe-Hernández

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Se evaluaron invertebrados del suelo, en particular los colémbolos, como bioindicadores de la calidad de suelos contaminados con hidrocarburos en el sureste de México. Se realizaron 2 muestreos en verano-otoño del 2004, en 4 parcelas de 2 hectáreas, denominadas zona 1, 2, 3 y control. De cada unidad se tomaron 8 muestras que fueron procesadas por medio del embudo de Berlese-Tullgren y 4 por el método de flotación. Para colémbolos se determinaron los siguientes índices ecológicos: abundancia, riqueza, índice de Shannon (H', dominancia (λ, equidad(J' e índice de similitud (S. Se realizaron análisis fisicoquímicos del suelo: hidrocarburos totales del petróleo (HTP e hidrocarburos aromáticos policíclicos (HAP, porosidad, pH, CE, MO, N, P, K, CIC y textura. Los HTP, en las zonas contaminadas, sobrepasan los límites de las normas mexicanas ambientales. En todas las zonas de estudio se observaron colémbolos, ácaros y larvas de dípteros, por lo que su abundancia y diversidad pueden ser utilizadas como bioindicadores del grado de contaminación y calidad del suelo. En las zonas contaminadas se registraron abundancias muy bajas de Crustacea, Formicidae, Araneae, Diptera, Pseudoscorpionida, y Diplopoda. Las familias de los colémbolos más ampliamente distribuidas fueron Sminthurididae e Isotomidae. De acuerdo con el análisis de correlación, su diversidad de colémbolos es afectada por la presencia de HAP (flouranteno, naftaleno, pireno, criseno y fenantrenoWe evaluated invertebrates, with an emphasis on Collembola, as bioindicators of soil quality in hydrocarbon-contaminated soils in southeastern Mexico. We carried out 2 sampling periods in summer-fall of 2004 in 4 parcels of 2 hectares each. From each parcel we processed 8 samples using the Berlese-Tullgren funnel technique and 4 using the flotation method. For Collembola we calculated the following ecological indices: abundance, richness, the Shannon index (H', dominance (

  15. [A case of depression whose symptoms cured by setting her psychological base on the transcendent level].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ogasawara, Masayuki; Tagami, Shinji; Inoue, Yoichi; Takeda, Masatoshi

    2009-01-01

    she prayed to God for healing when she read a part in the Bible about a woman suffering from a hemorrhage for twelve years who touched the hem of Jesus' garment and was healed immediately (Matthew 9:20-22 and Luke 8:43-48), the patient suddenly experienced "the salvation of God" and realized what trust really meant. Through the experience, her clinical problems became totally cured, and the therapy concluded with her discharge from hospital. Several months later, she sent the therapist a letter including the following message: "I am grateful to the Lord for salvation from anxiety and irritation, but to the therapist for helping me realize it." This clinical course can be understood based on the patient's clinical problems (e.g., despair, anxiety, and depression), arising from the breakdown of her efforts to maintain stability by founding her psychological base on her feelings of omnipotence, avoiding facing her internal negative psychological factors (e.g., rage), and these were automatically resolved when her psychological base was switched to the transcendent level through "the Great being" experience and "the salvation of God." Such a sudden, marked improvement resembles what Miller and C'de Baca reported as "quantum change," of which the characteristics are vividness, surprise, benevolence, and permanence. The therapist paid attention to maintain a constant psychological distance from the patient, not persisting in modifying her cognition, with the transcendent level being the basis for the entire therapy. This stance of the therapist itself was considered to prompt her transcendence and bring about her eventual cure. This clinical course seemed to be highly suggestive of a psychotherapeutic mechanism, indicating the close relationship between the transcendent level and basic trust.

  16. Assaying the Belief in Divine Incarnation in Hinduism and Christianity

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    S. Mohammad Rohani

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available One of the doctrines shared by Hinduism and Christianity is the doctrine of incarnation and bodily fall of divinity, which on surface sounds to have been understood by both schools in the same terms. Since both schools insist on transcendent unity of God in his essence; for example in Upanishads which is one of the key scriptures of Hinduism it is insisted that the origin of existence is a transcendent, invisible and unfathomable God called Brahman which is the highest the most excellent and beyond description. By the same token, in Christianity God has always been envisaged as a unique and transcendent being. Nevertheless, these two religions believe that transcendent God gets incarnated in some conditions. Thus some have paired these two schools in their belief in incarnation without understanding the nuances.    By more probing into their respective theologies, however, we find out that not only their notions of incarnation differ but there are also fundamental differences in their understandings of God in general and divine transcendent unity and synthesizing it with divine fall and incarnation. In Hinduism God is conceived as an absolute being which manifests itself in three attributes. But in Christianity God is not an absolute and simple essence rather it is envisaged as a compound entity spread through trinity figures who have been interacting since the time immemorial. Moreover, these two schools have two different positions on the necessity and cause of incarnation. Thus one can conclude that the doctrine of incarnation is understood in Hinduism and Christianity in radically different fashions.    In Christianity Jesus represents the only incarnation of divinity as the son of God who is one of triple hypostases building trinity and the belief in whom is the path of human salvation. Thus conceived, God has descended into the body of Christ as the ransom of original sin. Then incarnation in Christianity is founded upon two other

  17. Assaying the Belief in Divine Incarnation in Hinduism and Christianity

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    S. Mohammad Rohani

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available One of the doctrines shared by Hinduism and Christianity is the doctrine of incarnation and bodily fall of divinity, which on surface sounds to have been understood by both schools in the same terms. Since both schools insist on transcendent unity of God in his essence; for example in Upanishads which is one of the key scriptures of Hinduism it is insisted that the origin of existence is a transcendent, invisible and unfathomable God called Brahman which is the highest the most excellent and beyond description. By the same token, in Christianity God has always been envisaged as a unique and transcendent being. Nevertheless, these two religions believe that transcendent God gets incarnated in some conditions. Thus some have paired these two schools in their belief in incarnation without understanding the nuances.    By more probing into their respective theologies, however, we find out that not only their notions of incarnation differ but there are also fundamental differences in their understandings of God in general and divine transcendent unity and synthesizing it with divine fall and incarnation. In Hinduism God is conceived as an absolute being which manifests itself in three attributes. But in Christianity God is not an absolute and simple essence rather it is envisaged as a compound entity spread through trinity figures who have been interacting since the time immemorial. Moreover, these two schools have two different positions on the necessity and cause of incarnation. Thus one can conclude that the doctrine of incarnation is understood in Hinduism and Christianity in radically different fashions.    In Christianity Jesus represents the only incarnation of divinity as the son of God who is one of triple hypostases building trinity and the belief in whom is the path of human salvation. Thus conceived, God has descended into the body of Christ as the ransom of original sin. Then incarnation in Christianity is founded upon two other

  18. Who is Jesus Christ for the Ruthenian and Russian Saints? A Theological Exploration of St Dimitry Rostovsky’s The Lives of the Saints

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    Krzysztof Leśniewski

    2014-12-01

    -Bearers Boris and Gleb. In the consciousnessof the Ruthenians Christ is not God who condemns the sinners, but God who wants to bring them to a changeof heart and holiness. Christ is also the true Physician of souls and bodies.In the second part of the article were shown images of Christ that occur while reading The Lives of the Saints. Some ofthese images relate to the Gospels, and others have as their bases an existential expression of faith in Jesus Christ. The Saintsrefer to Earthly life of Jesus by recalling images of Jesus in various situations (the image of Jesus tempted the desert;the image of the merciful Christ, who wants to lead a mind of man mired in spiritual disease to change and salvation; theimage of Christ suffering voluntarily for the salvation of man. An important element of the image of Jesus Christ, typifiedin The Lives of the Saints is a reference to His suffering and death on the cross, which is supplemented by a triumphantimage of the Risen Lord, who won the death by His death and gave us eternal life. An interesting part of The Lives ofthe Saints (attributable to the month of April is a description of the appearances of Jesus Christ after His resurrection. Itshows the primordial light infinitely brighter than sunlight. In the mystical experience of the saints Christ is revealed asthe glorious Light radiating with passionate love. It is characteristic for the spiritual experience of Ruthenian and RussianSaints that their Saviour is God who desires for the salvation of all.

  19. Structure, diversity and evolution of myriapod hemocyanins.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pick, Christian; Scherbaum, Samantha; Hegedüs, Elöd; Meyer, Andreas; Saur, Michael; Neumann, Ruben; Markl, Jürgen; Burmester, Thorsten

    2014-04-01

    Oxygen transport in the hemolymph of many arthropods is mediated by hemocyanins, large copper-containing proteins that are well-studied in Chelicerata and Crustacea, but had long been considered unnecessary in the subphylum of Myriapoda. Only recently has it become evident that hemocyanins are present in Scutigeromorpha (Chilopoda) and Spirostreptida (Diplopoda). Here we present evidence for a more widespread occurrence of hemocyanin in the myriapods. By means of RT-PCR, western blotting and database searches, hemocyanins were identified in the symphylans Hanseniella audax and Symphylella vulgaris, the chilopod Scolopendra subspinipes dehaani and the diplopod Polydesmus angustus. No hemocyanins were found in the diplopods Polyxenus lagurus, Cylindroiulus punctatus, Glomeris marginata, Glomeris pustulata and Arthrosphaera brandtii, or the chilopods Lithobius forficatus, Geophilus flavus and Strigamia maritima. This suggests multiple independent losses in myriapod taxa. Two independent hemocyanin subunits were found that were already present in the myriapod stem line. We specifically investigated the structure of the hemocyanin of P. angustus, which consists of three distinct subunits that occur in an approximately equimolar ratio. As deduced by 3D electron microscopy, the quaternary structure is a 3 × 6-mer that resembles the half structure of the 6 × 6-mer hemocyanin from Scutigera coleoptrata. It was analyzed more closely by homology modeling of 1 × 6-mers and their rigid-body fitting to the electron density map of the 3 × 6-mer. In addition, we obtained the cDNA sequence of a putative myriapod phenoloxidase. Phenoloxidases are related to the arthropod hemocyanins, but diverged before radiation of the arthropod subphyla. © 2014 FEBS.

  20. Expression of myriapod pair rule gene orthologs

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    Janssen Ralf

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Segmentation is a hallmark of the arthropods; most knowledge about the molecular basis of arthropod segmentation comes from work on the fly Drosophila melanogaster. In this species a hierarchic cascade of segmentation genes subdivides the blastoderm stepwise into single segment wide regions. However, segmentation in the fly is a derived feature since all segments form virtually simultaneously. Conversely, in the vast majority of arthropods the posterior segments form one at a time from a posterior pre-segmental zone. The pair rule genes (PRGs comprise an important level of the Drosophila segmentation gene cascade and are indeed the first genes that are expressed in typical transverse stripes in the early embryo. Information on expression and function of PRGs outside the insects, however, is scarce. Results Here we present the expression of the pair rule gene orthologs in the pill millipede Glomeris marginata (Myriapoda: Diplopoda. We find evidence that these genes are involved in segmentation and that components of the hierarchic interaction of the gene network as found in insects may be conserved. We further provide evidence that segments are formed in a single-segment periodicity rather than in pairs of two like in another myriapod, the centipede Strigamia maritima. Finally we show that decoupling of dorsal and ventral segmentation in Glomeris appears already at the level of the PRGs. Conclusions Although the pair rule gene network is partially conserved among insects and myriapods, some aspects of PRG interaction are, as suggested by expression pattern analysis, convergent, even within the Myriapoda. Conserved expression patterns of PRGs in insects and myriapods, however, may represent ancestral features involved in segmenting the arthropod ancestor.