Sample records for salvadoran secondary school

  1. Reliability and validity of the Student Perceptions of School Cohesion Scale in a sample of Salvadoran secondary school students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arrivillaga Marcela


    Full Text Available Abstract Background Despite a growing body of research from the United States and other industrialized countries on the inverse association between supportive social relationships in the school and youth risk behavior engagement, research on the measurement of supportive school social relationships in Central America is limited. We examined the psychometric properties of the Student Perceptions of School Cohesion (SPSC scale, a 10-item scale that asks students to rate with a 5-point Likert-type response scale their perceptions of the school social environment, in a sample of public secondary school students (mean age = 15 years living in central El Salvador. Methods Students (n = 982 completed a self-administered questionnaire that included the SPSC scale along with measures of youth health risk behaviors based on the Center for Disease Control and Prevention's Youth Risk Behavior Survey. Exploratory factor analysis was used to assess the factor structure of the scale, and two internal consistency estimates of reliability were computed. Construct validity was assessed by examining whether students who reported low school cohesion were significantly more likely to report physical fighting and illicit drug use. Results Results indicated that the SPSC scale has three latent factors, which explained 61.6% of the variance: supportive school relationships, student-school connectedness, and student-teacher connectedness. The full scale and three subscales had good internal consistency (rs = .87 and α = .84 for the full scale; rs and α between .71 and .75 for the three subscales. Significant associations were found between the full scale and all three subscales with physical fighting (p ≤ .001 and illicit drug use (p Conclusion Findings provide evidence of reliability and validity of the SPSC for the measurement of supportive school relationships in Latino adolescents living in El Salvador. These findings provide a foundation for further research on

  2. Gifted Secondary School Students (United States)

    Brigandi, Carla B.; Siegle, Del; Weiner, Jennie M.; Gubbins, E. Jean; Little, Catherine A.


    Grounded in the Enrichment Triad and Achievement Orientation Models, this qualitative case study builds understanding of the relationship between participation in Type III Enrichment and the achievement orientation attitude of goal valuation in gifted secondary school students. Participants included 10 gifted secondary school students, their…

  3. Portugal's Secondary School Modernisation Programme (United States)

    Heitor, Teresa V.; Freire da Silva, Jose M. R.


    The aim of the Secondary School Modernisation Programme, being implemented in Portugal by "Parque Escolar, EPE", is based on the pursuit of quality and makes Portuguese education a potential international benchmark. This paper discusses the strategies adopted to reorganise school spaces. It describes the conceptual model and highlights…

  4. Gender imbalance in secondary schools

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Catherine Howgego Mugisha


    Full Text Available Significantly fewer girls than boys attend schools inrefugee camps. As the level of education increases, there is a corresponding decrease in the numbers of female participants. This has resulted in a severe gender imbalance in refugee secondary schools.

  5. Prevalence of urinary schistosomiasis among secondary school ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Prevalence of urinary schistosomiasis among secondary school students in Ibadan, Nigeria. ... The inclusion of health education package aimed at changing behavior of school children from adverse water contact practices was recommended. Keywords: prevalence, urinary schistosomiasis, secondary school students.

  6. Status of Secondary School Libraries under the Secondary ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This study was undertaken in Dodoma Municipal, Tanzania in order to assess the development and status of school library services under the Secondary Education Development Plan (SEDP). The study involved 44 secondary schools, 186 teachers, 44 heads of schools, 16 school librarians, one Regional Education Officer, ...

  7. Prevalence of alcohol consumption among secondary school ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background: Consumption of alcohol by secondary school students is a major public health concern globally, but its prevalence is not known in secondary schools in Port Harcourt. Objective: To determine the prevalence and factors associated with alcohol use among secondary school students in Port Harcourt. Methods: ...

  8. School environment and school type as correlates of secondary ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Using the stratified random sampling technique, ten secondary schools including 5 government (public) owned secondary schools, 2 communities owned and 3 private secondary schools were selected for the study. Two hundred (200) respondents were further selected as respondents. Students from schools with adequate ...

  9. Developing Junior Secondary School Students' Reading ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The study investigated the impact of Story Telling and Story Retelling on Secondary School Students' Reading Comprehension and Written Composition performance. Two hundred and forty (240) Junior Secondary School Students from three selected schools in Pankshin Local Government Area of Plateau State were ...

  10. Record Management in Nigerian Secondary School Administration (United States)

    Nakpodia, E. D.


    This paper examined the usefulness of record management in Nigerian Secondary Schools. Record keeping is one of the administrative principles in secondary school administration and it cannot be overemphasized in any organisation. The continuity of any school organisation depends on availability of useful records of past activities. In a complex…

  11. Reading in the junior secondary school phase



    M.Ed. The overall concern of this investigation lies in the need to improve secondary school reading performance. This concern is of great importance given the centrality of reading to the English First Language course and to the whole of the secondary school academic curriculum. Poor reading ability is an obstacle to later academic success and, for this reason, it is crucial that each pupil's reading ability and experience is developed as early as possible in the secondary school years. T...

  12. Student engagement in two Singaporean secondary schools


    Tan, Yuen Teng


    Student engagement is important to prevent school dropout and enhance school experiences. Engagement of secondary 2 and 3 students in Singapore was studied with Student Engagement Instrument (SEI) and its relation to burnout. The SEI measured students’ cognitive and affective engagement while burnout was examined using School Burnout Inventory (SBI). An electronic survey was administered to 335 students from two secondary schools. The engagement and burnout across grades, streams, gender, aca...

  13. Belongingness in Early Secondary School: Key Factors that Primary and Secondary Schools Need to Consider.

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    Sharmila Vaz

    Full Text Available It is unknown if, and how, students redefine their sense of school belongingness after negotiating the transition to secondary school. The current study used longitudinal data from 266 students with, and without, disabilities who negotiated the transition from 52 primary schools to 152 secondary schools. The study presents the 13 most significant personal student and contextual factors associated with belongingness in the first year of secondary school. Student perception of school belongingness was found to be stable across the transition. No variability in school belongingness due to gender, disability or household-socio-economic status (SES was noted. Primary school belongingness accounted for 22% of the variability in secondary school belongingness. Several personal student factors (competence, coping skills and school factors (low-level classroom task-goal orientation, which influenced belongingness in primary school, continued to influence belongingness in secondary school. In secondary school, effort-goal orientation of the student and perception of their school's tolerance to disability were each associated with perception of school belongingness. Family factors did not influence belongingness in secondary school. Findings of the current study highlight the need for primary schools to foster belongingness among their students at an early age, and transfer students' belongingness profiles as part of the hand-over documentation. Most of the factors that influenced school belongingness before and after the transition to secondary are amenable to change.

  14. Creating Career Awareness Among Secondary School Students ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This paper discussed the need for creating career awareness among Secondary School Students through career fair Career selection is a critical issue for secondary school students who may not be aware of the existing occupations in the labour market. It is important that career information be made available to students ...

  15. Secondary School Administration in Anambra State Today ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The study, a descriptive survey research design was used to identify the challenges that impede secondary school administration today in Anambra State. The population of the study was all the 259 public secondary school principals in the state. Two research questions and two null hypotheses guided the study. A 20-item ...

  16. Assessing School Facilities in Public Secondary Schools in Delta ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This study investigated school facilitates in public secondary schools in Delta State, Nigeria. The purpose of the study was to find out the state of the facilities, the types of maintenance carried out on the facilities by school administrators, the factors encouraging school facilities depreciation and the roles of school ...



    Dhanya C H; Mrs. Pankajam. R


    Environmental awareness is to understand the fragility of our environment and the importance of its protection. Promoting environmental awareness is an easy way to become an environmental steward and participate in creating a brighter future for our children. The study aimed to examine the environmental awareness among secondary school students. The investigator adopted survey method to study the environmental awareness among secondary school students. For this study a sample of 300 secondary...

  18. A descriptive study of youth risk behavior in urban and rural secondary school students in El Salvador

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    Kelder Steven H


    Full Text Available Abstract Background Adolescence is an important stage of life for establishing healthy behaviors, attitudes, and lifestyles that contribute to current and future health. Health risk behavior is one indicator of health of young people that may serve both as a measure of health over time as well as a target for health policies and programs. This study examined the prevalence and distribution of youth health risk behaviors from five risk behavior domains–aggression, victimization, depression and suicidal ideation, substance use, and sexual behaviors–among public secondary school students in central El Salvador. Methods We employed a multi-stage sampling design in which school districts, schools, and classrooms were randomly selected. Data were collected using a self-administered questionnaire based on the United States Center for Disease Control and Prevention's Youth Risk Behavior Survey. Sixteen schools and 982 students aged 12–20 years participated in the study. Results Health risk behaviors with highest prevalence rates included: engagement in physical fight (32.1%; threatened/injured with a weapon (19.9%; feelings of sadness/hopelessness (32.2%; current cigarette use (13.6%; and no condom use at last sexual intercourse (69.1%. Urban and male students reported statistically significant higher prevalence of most youth risk behaviors; female students reported statistically significant higher prevalence of feelings of sadness/hopelessness (35.6%, suicidal ideation (17.9% and, among the sexually experienced, forced sexual intercourse (20.6%. Conclusion A high percentage of Salvadoran adolescents in this sample engaged in health risk behaviors, warranting enhanced adolescent health promotion strategies. Future health promotion efforts should target: the young age of sexual intercourse as well as low condom use among students, the higher prevalence of risk behaviors among urban students, and the important gender differences in risk behaviors

  19. Holocaust Denial among Slovenian Secondary School Pupils

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    Maša Pavlič


    Full Text Available The article presents tendencies of Holocaust denial among secondary school pupils in Slovenia. It focuses on research implemented in January 2012, in which 400 Slovenian secondary school pupils were included. In spite of the assumption that Holocaust denial amongst the youth in Slovenia already exists, we also assumed that a degree of Holocaust denial amongs Slovenian pupils is lower that amongst their peers in other EU countries. Research also inquired about the level of anti-Semitism in conjunction with Holocaust denial. The research project confirmed that students on lower levels of high school education and with less history and sociology lessons in curriculum are more receptive for the Holocaust denial and anti-Semitism is more present in this demographic. The level of Holocaust denial amongst secondary school pupils is not negligible; it suggests that this topic should be more thoroughly discussed in secondary schools.

  20. Academic Procrastination of Secondary School Pupils

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    Branka Ribič Hederih


    Full Text Available Procrastination is a trait and/or a form of behavior that denotes an individual’s delay in an activity which should be done, and which causes discomfort. In the study we wished to determine the differences between high school students regarding gender, educational programme and learning success of the previous school year in three factors. On a sample of 284 high school students of different Slovenian secondary schools, we found that on average boys show statistically significantly more shortage of learning self-discipline than girls, while girls, on average, significantly more discomfort than boys. Comparison of secondary school students between programmes showed that, on average, gimnazija students show significantly more learning self-discipline than students in secondary technical education. The comparison in relation to different levels of learning success at the end of the previous school year and the factors of procrastination showed, however, no statistically significant differences.

  1. Student engagement in Finnish lower secondary school


    Virtanen, Tuomo


    This thesis examined the engagement of students at lower secondary schools in Finland. Two independent cross-sectional data sets collected in 2010 (N = 821) and 2013 (N = 2485) were analyzed using both variable-centered and personcentered methods. The thesis analyzed the associations between teacher– student relationships, family support for students’ learning, peer support at school, control and relevance of school work, students’ future aspirations and goals, school burnou...

  2. Behavior Problems in Secondary Schools. (United States)

    Feldhusen, John F.


    This article reviews and clarifies the problems of antisocial student behavior in schools, ranging from talking out of turn to violent attacks upon fellow students or teachers. It focuses on the high school and junior high school, and attempts to identify causes while examining programs and procedures for remediating or preventing such behavior.…

  3. Hiring Effective Secondary School Counselors (United States)

    McGlothlin, Jason M.; Miller, Lynne Guillot


    Today's effective school counselors are integral in education reform, school leadership, and student achievement. It is typically the responsibility of building principals to hire effective school counselors. This article builds on previous literature and provides principals with questions to ask and information to gather that may be helpful in…

  4. Information Literacy in the Upper Secondary School

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holm, Claus; Schreiber, Trine; Tønnesen, Pia Hvid

    The discussion paper is a publication from the project Information Literacy in the Upper Secondary School. The project is a collaboration between the National Library of Education at the Danish School of Education, Aarhus University, and the Royal School of Library and Information Science....... The project is funded by Denmark's Electronic Research Library (DEFF). The discussion paper is published in connection with the conference Information Literacy in the Upper Secondary School on 22 April 2010. See video streaming from the conference etc. at

  5. Sexual Behaviour and Practices Among Secondary School ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    60) and monetary gains 27.5% (33). Conclusion: Risky sexual behaviour is high among this age group. Efforts to promote sexuality education and contraceptive awareness should be intensified. Key words: sexual behaviour, secondary schools,

  6. Sensitization of Secondary School Students towards Sustainable ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)



    Jul 26, 2012 ... Sensitization of Secondary School Students towards. Sustainable Electoral Process in Nigeria: Nigeria. Independent Electoral Commission as a Focus. (Pp. 239-251). Uhunmwuangho, Sunday Okungbowa - Lecturer, Institute of Public. Administration & Extension Services, University of Benin, Benin City,.

  7. Bionics in secondary school's physics curriculum


    Poplavskis, Jānis


    Annotation The task of the promotional work "Bionics in secondary school's physics curriculum" - to view the secondary school's physics curriculum, the possibility to involve bionics in physics learning process, to develop a didactical model that integrates the student's knowledge and promotes the development of technological competence and facilitates the growth of interest towards natural sciences. Analysis of literature and educational documentation of the pedagogical and psychological asp...

  8. Learning Styles of Students of Secondary Schools


    Chocholoušová, Michaela


    This thesis is focused on learning styles of students of secondary schools, particularly of secondary vocational schools. It is divided in two parts - theoretical and practical. The theoretical part deals with the definitions of basic terms as learning, learner and meaningful learning. It also analysis the term learning style and other related terms, such as cognitive style. Final section of the theoretical part is dedicated to mesurement and influencing od leraning styles as a preparation fo...

  9. Promoting Science in Secondary School Education. (United States)

    Chiovitti, Anthony; Duncan, Jacinta C; Jabbar, Abdul


    Engaging secondary school students with science education is crucial for a society that demands a high level of scientific literacy in order to deal with the economic and social challenges of the 21st century. Here we present how parasitology could be used to engage and promote science in secondary school students under the auspice of a 'Specialist Centre' model for science education. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  10. Mathematics Anxiety in Secondary School Students (United States)

    Ng, Lay Keow


    The detrimental consequences of mathematics anxiety have repeatedly been evidenced empirically, yet little is known of its influence on secondary school students in Asia. This study thus examined its origins and impact on 294 secondary students in Singapore through interviews and surveys. Results revealed an average anxiety level of 44% and a…

  11. Predictors of examination malpractice among secondary school ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    African Journal for the Psychological Study of Social Issues ... Deriving from above, school principals, teachers, and all stakeholders should pay more attention to the implicated variables in the study in order to reduce and eventually eradicate ... Keywords: Examination, Malpractice, Text Anxiety, Secondary School Students.

  12. Perception of Sexuality Education amongst Secondary School ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    . 2.5. Others. 64. 6.1. Don't know. 44. 4.2. Total. 1050. 100.0. Where it should be given? Home. 608. 57.9. Primary school. 16. 1.5. Secondary school. 260. 24.8 ... Table 3: Relationship between Gender and Source of Sexuality Information. Sex.

  13. Smoking Policies of Secondary Schools in Arizona. (United States)

    Rashak, Nancy E.; And Others


    Smoking policies and programs of accredited secondary schools in Arizona were analyzed to discover the existence of written smoking policies, how students, faculty, and visitors were informed of the policy, the extent to which smoking was permitted on school grounds, availability of smoking cessation programs and the inclusion of health education…

  14. Predicting secondary school dropout among South African ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Education is one of the strongest predictors of health worldwide. In South Africa, school dropout is a crisis where by Grade 12, only 52% of the age appropriate population remain enrolled. Survival analysis was used to identify the risk of dropping out of secondary school for male and female adolescents and examine the ...

  15. Perception of Sexuality Education amongst Secondary School ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Only 7.6% acknowledged the school teacher as a source of information. CONCLUSION: Secondary school students .... China where adolescents perceived mothers as the main source of sexual knowledge.9 Also, in a ... a rural community in Ile-Ife, Nigeria, which showed that even in a rural area, adolescents were to a great ...

  16. Secondary School Administrators' Attitudes toward Confidentiality in School Counseling (United States)

    O'Connell, William P.


    The school counseling literature emphasizes the importance of confidentiality in the counseling relationship. In some circumstances, school policy may require disclosure of content discussed in counseling unrelated to threat of harm to self or others. This pilot study investigated secondary school principals' attitudes toward the practice of…

  17. Alcohol consumption, peer influence and secondary school students' attitudes towards school in Katsit, Kaduna State, Nigeria

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Anyio, Bahago T


    This study investigated the influences of Alcohol Consumption peer influence and secondary school students attitudes towards school in some selected secondary schools in Katsit, Kafanchan, Kaduna State...

  18. Implications for Secondary School Principals (United States)

    Okoroma, N. S.; Robert-Okah, I.


    The school system is a green pasture for inexhaustible investigations for the purpose of enhancing academic achievement. The reason is that factors and variables within the confines of educational activities appear also to be inexhaustible. One such factor that attracted an investigation is "administrative stress" as it affects secondary…




  20. Secondary school students as young researchers

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    Lidija Ajtnik


    Full Text Available The article discusses the introduction of secondary school students (young researchers to research projects, which include writing an independent research paper. Young researchers compete with their fellows at competitions for best research projects in secondary schools. Each young researcher has to choose a supervisor and together they select research topic. Young researchers then create their own work plan which will help them to develop their aims and hypotheses. With the aid of the literature and the analysis of their experimental results, they are able to complete their paper. The role of the supervisor and the librarian, who can also act as their supervisor or cosupervisor, is crucial. The choice of research methods is central in the work of young researchers since this helps them to acquire important research skills already in primary and secondary schools. Good teamwork between the researcher, the supervisor and the librarian is a precondition for a good and useful research paper.

  1. An Inclusive Secondary School in Bratislava


    Gajdošová Eva; Bisaki Veronika; Sodomová Silvia


    The study presents a characterization of an inclusive secondary school in Bratislava and provides information about the forms and methods used in the work of the teachers, school psychologists, special teachers with regard to students with special needs (students with Attention and Hyperactivity Disorder, i.e. ADHD, with learning difficulties, with emotional and behaviour difficulties, etc.), who are educated together with mainstream students. It also provides information on the first results...

  2. Life priorities of underachievers in secondary school

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    Gutvajn Nikoleta


    Full Text Available There is a predominant belief in literature and school practice that high school achievement is an important precondition for optimal professional development and success in life, as well as that school failure is a problem that should be dealt with preventively. The goal of this paper is to shed light on the problem of school underachievement from the perspective of students who are positioned as underachievers in educational discourse. The following questions are especially important: whether underachievers recognize the importance of high school achievement for success in life, as well as which constructs are the core and which the peripheral ones in their construct system. Research participants were 60 students from the third grade of secondary school who failed three or more subjects during the school year or at the end of classification periods. Interview and Implications Grid were applied in the research. The results indicate that the most important life priorities of students are the following: acceptance by friends, school completion, school success, love and happiness. It was established that the construct acceptance by friends as opposed to rejection by friends is the core construct for success in life in the construct system of underachievers. The paper points out to the importance of appreciation of personal meanings of school achievement and initiation of dialogue between teachers and students in preventing and overcoming school underachievement.

  3. Agricultural Experiences as Correlates of Secondary School ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)


    the secondary school level is an important subject and an instrument per excellence for ... increase their interest to continue in agricultural science fields. .... cashew farming) and (a) students' academic achievement in Agriculture. Science? (b) students' career decision in Agricultural Science? 2. What is the joint contribution ...

  4. Implementation of Instructional Supervision in Secondary School ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Teachers may perceive supervision as a worthwhile activity if supervisors give teachers security by backing their judgments even though at times a teacher's judgment can be wrong. Teachers must feel that the supervisor is there to serve them and to help them become more effective teachers. Indeed in secondary schools ...

  5. Substance Abuse Among Female Senior Secondary School ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Substance Abuse Among Female Senior Secondary School Students In Anambra State South Eastern Nigeria. ... Results: Out of a study population of 725, 34 or 4.7% of the girls smoked tobacco (cigarette) while 69 or 9.5% indulged in alcohol and 109 or 15% took sedatives as a means of inducing sleep. There was no ...

  6. Assessment of emotional intelliegence among secondary school ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The study used descriptive design of survey type to assess emotional intelligence among secondary school students in Ibadan metropolis, Oyo State, Nigeria. The influences of demographic variables such as gender, family type and age on emotional intelligence were examined. The participants in the study were 393 ...

  7. Secondary School Students' Opinions about Readers' Theatre (United States)

    Karabag, S. Gulin


    In this article, a teaching strategy which not only blends yesterday and today in a meaningful way but also powerfully integrates literacy and history will be examined. Firstly Readers' Theatre as a technique will be introduced. Secondly, the usage guidelines of Readers' Theatre will be presented. Finally the opinions of secondary school students…

  8. Nigeria Secondary School Science Teachers‟ Awareness and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The study investigated the awareness and preparation of secondary school science teachers for the challenges of Vision 20: 2020 in South West, Nigeria. Using a survey research design, four research questions were used. A 50-item structured questionnaire with reliability index of 0.82 was used for data collection.

  9. Teaching about Korea in Secondary School. (United States)

    Van Decar, Patricia


    Presents 12 study guides for teaching secondary school students about Korean history and culture. The study guides deal with ancient legends, history, family, women's roles, traditions, folk customs, economic development, the division of Korea, the Korean War, links with the United States, and comparisons between North and South Korea. (GEA)

  10. 34 CFR 300.36 - Secondary school. (United States)


    ... 34 Education 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Secondary school. 300.36 Section 300.36 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF SPECIAL EDUCATION AND REHABILITATIVE SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION ASSISTANCE TO STATES FOR THE EDUCATION OF CHILDREN WITH...

  11. The Evolving Constitution: Secondary School Strategies. (United States)

    Williams, Mary Louise; And Others


    Presents seven lesson plans for secondary school students. Titles include "Civil Rights in the 19th and 20th Centuries"; "Tyranny of the Majority"; "Equality Under Law"; "Voting Rights: Key to Equal Rights?"; "Hispanics! Immigration! Reform?"; "Unincorporation"; and "Indians and the…

  12. Creativity of secondary school students: entrepreneurial skills ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The study adopted a quasi-experimental design using a pre-test, post-test control design in order to investigate the entrepreneurial skills and creative abilities of secondary school students in Physics. The study was carried out in Obio/Akpo Local Government Area of Rivers State of Nigeria, using purposive sampling ...

  13. ORIGINAL ARTICLE Secondary School Teacher Education in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)


    program. Key words: PGDT; Pre-service; Secondary school; Teacher education; Teacher trainees. Training ... learning. Teachers are also believed to be the driving force of the changes that can be carried out to improve the quality of education. Supporting this, Barber and ... concerning managing students and the learning ...

  14. Predictive Influence of Factors Predisposing Secondary School ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Predictive Influence of Factors Predisposing Secondary School Adolescents Dropouts to Sexual Risk Behaviour in Ogun State. ... Parent/peer approval of condom use (r = .114; p> .05), , attitude about personal use of condoms (r = .638; p>.05), gender (r = .555; p>.05). However, there is negative correlation between ...

  15. Modernization of upper secondary school in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bøje, Jakob Ditlev


    The Danish upper secondary school is currently undergoing a hyper complex process of modernization where new organizational forms, teacher-student roles and principles of management are introduced. The process is set-off most directly by a new reform. This article explores the implementation...

  16. Secondary School Children and Their Television. (United States)

    Collins, Jude


    Discussion of teenage television viewing focuses on a study of secondary school students in Belfast (Northern Ireland) that examined viewing habits. Highlights include the amount of television watched; effects on reading; the influence of violence; parents' responsibility and control over viewing; models for behavior; and negative views of…

  17. Secondary School Students' Reasoning about Evolution (United States)

    To, Cheryl; Tenenbaum, Harriet R.; Hogh, Henriette


    This study examined age differences in young people's understanding of evolution theory in secondary school. A second aim of this study was to propose a new coding scheme that more accurately described students' conceptual understanding about evolutionary theory. We argue that coding schemes adopted in previous research may have overestimated…

  18. Informatics Education in Italian Secondary Schools (United States)

    Bellettini, Carlo; Lonati, Violetta; Malchiodi, Dario; Monga, Mattia; Morpurgo, Anna; Torelli, Mauro; Zecca, Luisa


    This article describes the state of informatics education in the Italian secondary schools, highlighting how the learning objectives set up by the Ministry of Education are difficult to meet, due to the fact that the subject is often taught by teachers not holding an informatics degree, the lack of suitable teaching material and the expectations…

  19. Food Literacy at Secondary Schools in Australia (United States)

    Ronto, Rimante; Ball, Lauren; Pendergast, Donna; Harris, Neil D.


    Background: Food literacy can encourage adolescents to develop healthy dietary patterns. This study examined home economics teachers' (HET) perspectives of the importance, curriculum, self-efficacy, and food environments regarding food literacy in secondary schools in Australia. Methods: A 20-item cross-sectional survey was completed by 205 HETs.…

  20. Computer Use by Secondary School Principals (United States)

    Afshari, Mojgan; Bakar, Kamariah Abu; Luan, Wong Su; Afshari, Marjan; Fooi, Foo Say; Samah, Bahaman Abu


    The purpose of this study was firstly to identify the extent to which Iranian secondary school principals used computers and secondly to explore the relationship between a number of variables related to the use of information and communications technology (ICT). Findings indicated that four factors played a role in explaining the level of computer…

  1. Timetabling in Hong Kong Secondary Schools. (United States)

    Kwok, Lam-For; And Others


    Describes a survey that was conducted to understand the scope of timetabling in Hong Kong secondary schools. The use of computers for timetabling is explored, and it is concluded that further research on appropriate software to automate timetabling is needed. (LRW)

  2. Organic Horticulture in the Secondary School (United States)

    Marrocco, Aldo


    This report is based on five years experience working with primary and secondary school teachers in Italy to develop organic farming as an activity for students. The tasks involved were intended to develop our students' environmental awareness, allow them to produce food organically and show that market gardening could be a productive hobby. In…

  3. Agriculture: Horticulture. Secondary Schools. Curriculum Guide. (United States)

    Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands Dept. of Education, Saipan.

    This agricultural curriculum guide on horticulture for secondary students is one of six developed for inservice teachers at Marianas High School in Saipan. The guide provides the rationale, description, goals, and objectives of the program; the program of studies and performance objectives by levels; samples of lesson plans for effective delivery…

  4. Secondary school teachers' experiences of teaching pregnant ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)


    This paper presents the findings of a study on the experiences of secondary school teachers on teaching pregnant learners in. Limpopo Province. ...... good relationship. We have very few parents that. [respond] positively, [and] we don't get a positive response from some of the parents, because you will still find some of the ...

  5. Impact of effective communication in Secondary School ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The study examined the impact of effective communication in secondary school administration in Enugu State. It was a descriptive study. The study comprised 659 respondents made up of 28 principals and 631 teachers. The population of the study was obtained through random sampling technique. The instrument used for ...

  6. Attitude towards premarital sex among secondary school ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This paper explored the adolescents' attitude towards premarital sex. The influence of age, gender and religious affiliation of adolescents on the variable was examined. Participants for this study were drawn from a survey of 1902 secondary school adolescents in Ibadan, South west Nigeria. The students whose ages ...

  7. Factors Influencing Examination Malpractice in Secondary Schools ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The main purpose of this study was to investigate factors influencing examination malpractice in some selected secondary schools in Cross River State, Nigeria. A sample of one thousand two hundred (1200) students were selected across the three educational zones of Ogoja, Ikom and Calabar using stratified, random ...

  8. Ecological value orientations of prospective secondary school ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)


    subjects (Biology, Geography, etc.) and then join the. Faculties/Colleges of Education to get a one year professional training that equips them to become secondary school teachers (CEBS, 2013). As the study was conducted shortly after graduation of the participants of the study (graduation from their subject area depart-.

  9. mathematics in secondary schools in Kenya

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Joseph Bosire, Hellen Mondoh and Ann Barmao bosirej@yahoo .com. We present findings of a study carried out to determine the effect of streaming by gender on secondary school students' achievement in mathematics. In the study we analysed achievement scores on national examinations results for the years 1999 to ...

  10. Strategic Planning and Values in Secondary School

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Damjana Gruden


    Full Text Available RQ: Which factors have a decisive influence on a school’s strategic development?Purpose: The purpose of this research is the improvement of school development and the goal of this research study was to prepare a draft for strategic planning.Method: Qualitative method is used in the first phase of the research study. An annual interview was conducted with secondary technical and vocational school teaching staff. In the second phase of this research study, a survey with one question was distributed to the teaching staff. The question on the survey referred to teachersvalues that stemmed from the interviews. The directed question was on the values that that should be emphasized in assisting the school to prepare a strategic development plan.Results: The results of this research study showed that strategic development of the school is based on values and activities that provide for quality education,professional and practical knowledge, strengthen and develop interpersonal relations and provide good connections between schools, craftsmen, and the economy.Organization: By defining the school’s priorities, it will become easier for the staff to prepare the school’s development strategy and action plans for individual tasks.Society: Awareness and developing values through activities at school provides support to adolescents and young adults in developing their life style. Values lead the behavior of individuals and consequently,are very important for society.Originality: Through the research study the school obtained thebasic values that will be used in drafting a development plan. This will be the first such document for the school. Up until now planning has been performed only in terms of short-term planning within the annual work plan.Limitations: The survey was conducted among the staff of one vocational and technical secondary school. Further research would be required to include parents and students and to start introducing evaluation and

  11. Scientists of tomorrow - Geophysics School Lab for Secondary School Students (United States)

    Gottschämmer, Ellen; Bohlen, Thomas


    Starting in 2012, the Geophysical Institute (GPI) at Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) developed several geophysical experiments for secondary school students which are now part of the Geophysics School Lab at the GPI. Usually, the students visit the School Lab as a class together with their teacher (Physics, Geography, Science), but the School Lab can also be used for extracurricular learning of individual students. The experiments carried out deal with the topics Seismology, Geoelectrics, and Fluid Dynamics: A horizontal seismometer is decoupled from its registration unit for the time of the visit of the students. With this setup, the students can measure the natural period of the pendulum, and adjust the seismometer accordingly. At different experimental stations, students can analyse seismic data registered with this unit, locate earthquakes, or get to know and understand an accelerometer. The accelerometer is attached to a registration unit and data can be visualized in real time. In another experimental setup, the students can measure the viscosity of a fluid as a function of temperature in order to get a better understanding of different magma types and their viscosity. Furthermore, a geoelectric experiment is carried out in a sandbox: The students experience with non-destructive testing, and try to reveal the subsurface structure. For our experiments, secondary school teachers can receive free supportive materials for the preparation of the visit. The aim of the Geophysics School Lab is to encourage and acquaint secondary school students to the concepts of Geophysics, and to enthuse them with the applied issues of Geosciences.

  12. An Inclusive Secondary School in Bratislava

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gajdošová Eva


    Full Text Available The study presents a characterization of an inclusive secondary school in Bratislava and provides information about the forms and methods used in the work of the teachers, school psychologists, special teachers with regard to students with special needs (students with Attention and Hyperactivity Disorder, i.e. ADHD, with learning difficulties, with emotional and behaviour difficulties, etc., who are educated together with mainstream students. It also provides information on the first results of the measurements of the socio-emotional health of the students in the inclusive school, both as to its overall level (covitality index and as to the level of the four psychological dimensions of mental health. The pilot project of the inclusive school confirms that inclusive secondary schools and inclusive education operating within the intentions of positive psychology help the students to develop their cognitive and socio-emotional competences, to create favourable attitudes to diversity, to form the students’ scale of positive values and to encourage positive interpersonal relationships, social cohesion and social classroom climate.

  13. Teaching English at Polish Secondary Schools (United States)

    Butler, Norman L.; Pirog, Renata; Kritsonis, William Allan


    The aims of this paper are to determine: 1. if Polish secondary school learners are studying English so that they can obtain jobs in the UK and Ireland and 2. whether they prefer to learn how to speak English from a native speaker teacher than from a non-native instructor. Eighteen students, who study at ZESPOL SZKOL MECHANICZNYCH NR 2 in Cracow,…

  14. The Development of a Secondary School Health Assessment Model (United States)

    Sriring, Srinual; Erawan, Prawit; Sriwarom, Monoon


    The objective of this research was to: 1) involved a survey of information relating to secondary school health, 2) involved the construction of a model of health assessment and a handbook for using the model in secondary school, 3) develop an assessment model for secondary school. The research included 3 phases. (1) involved a survey of…

  15. Secondary school students' beliefs of the prevalence of premarital ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This study was set to investigate secondary school students' beliefs of premarital sexual activities in Ilorin Metropolis. The population used for the study was all secondary school students in Ilorin metropolis. Multistage sampling technique was used to randomly select 9 secondary schools from the three local government ...

  16. Introducing Statistics Education in Secondary Schools in Nigeria ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    There is an uncomfortable gap existing between the general education which a student acquires in leaving secondary school and technical colleges and that acquired in the post-secondary school. There is the lack of statistical education in secondary schools and technical colleges which hinder students from pursuing ...

  17. Excessive Internet Use and Loneliness among Secondary School Students (United States)

    Deniz, Levent


    The association between loneliness and excessive internet use among secondary school students was examined. One hundred and sixty seven secondary school students were administered a questionnaire for some demographic questions and UCLA for determining their loneliness levels. The results showed that the secondary school students who reported…

  18. of Aggression in Secondary Schools of Jimma zone

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The objectives of the study was to investigate types, magnitude ,predictors of aggression and the methods that teachers used to control aggression in secondary schools of Jimma zone. A cross ~ sectional design was used for the study. A total of 663 secondary school students and 53 secondary school teachers participated ...

  19. Asthma control in London secondary school children. (United States)

    Harris, Katherine; Mosler, Gioia; Williams, Samson A; Whitehouse, Abigail; Raine, Rosalind; Grigg, Jonathan


    The asthma control test (ACT) is a validated tool for assessing control in asthmatic children aged 12 years and older. Using the ACT, we sought to assess asthma control and knowledge in London secondary school children. Secondary schools in London, UK, participated in this study. Children with doctor-diagnosed asthma were invited to complete an online questionnaire that included the ACT and questions about asthma. Suboptimal asthma control was defined as an ACT score of ≤ 19 out of a maximum score of 25. Data are summarised as median and interquartile range (IQR), and were analysed by either Mann-Whitney test, or chi-square test. A p value of asthma control was reported by 49.6% of students. Over a third (42.4%) of students prescribed a short-acting β2-agonist inhaler felt uncomfortable using it at school, and 29.2% (n = 173) reported not using this inhaler when wheezy. 56.4% (n = 220) of those with regular inhaled corticosteroids did not take them as prescribed, and 41.7% did not know what this inhaler was for. Suboptimal control was associated with a greater proportion of students reporting that they were 'somewhat', 'hardly' or 'not at all' comfortable using inhalers at school (52.7% vs 29.1%, p asthma control and poor asthma knowledge are common in London schoolchildren.

  20. ACE: A Collaborative School Consultation Program for Secondary School Teachers (United States)

    Couture, Caroline; Massé, Line


    This article presents a description of ACE (Accompagnement collaboratif des enseignants (Collaborative teacher accompaniment)), a new program designed to guide secondary school teachers in integrating students with behavioral problems in their classrooms. ACE proposes collaborative accompaniment inspired by behavioral and mental health…

  1. Secondary School Department Chairs Leading Successful Change

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julie Ann Gaubatz


    Full Text Available A foundational understanding within education leadership literature is that education leaders are expected to guide reform efforts within school. This expectation mirrors organizational development literature that describes leaders as individuals who constructively institute change within their organizations. Although leadership and change are portrayed as codependent, no scholarship has linked change models with leadership theories. This article describes a multiple case study that explored the relationship between leadership behaviors and the change process through secondary school department chair stories of change. From this analysis, a clearer picture emerged that illustrates how leaders with little control over decisions implement change. Findings included distinct connections between CREATER change process stages and the Leadership Grid. Suggestions as to how education leaders should approach change attempts within their schools are discussed.

  2. Cultural Astronomy in Elementary and Secondary School (United States)

    Jafelice, Luiz Carlos


    This work is addressed to educators and geography, science, biology and physics teachers who deal with elementary, middle and high school education. It discusses the importance of adopting the anthropological perspective regarding issues that are considered within the astronomy area. It also presents practical proposals for those who intend to introduce cultural astronomy in elementary, middle and high school education - from the beginning of the 1st grade in Elementary school to the end of the 3rd grade in Secondary school, in formal as well as in informal education. This work is proposed within the context of the holistic and transdisciplinary environmental education. Our approach values above all the experience and aims at a humanistic education that includes epistemological and cultural diversities. The suggested practical proposals can be also beneficially used to address works that include contents related to Brazilian indigenous and Afro-descent cultures in the school curriculum, as the new law requires. The guidelines presented here were tested in real school situations.

  3. Management and maintenance of school buildings in secondary ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The purpose of the study is to investigate the strategies used in terms of managing and maintaining the school buildings in order to achieve the goals of the school system. The population of the study was the entire 665 secondary schools -374 public and 291 private secondary school buildings in Delta State. The sample for ...

  4. Local school policies increase physical activity in Norwegian secondary schools. (United States)

    Haug, Ellen; Torsheim, Torbjørn; Samdal, Oddrun


    The implementation of school policies to support the adoption of physical activity is one of the main strategies recommended to increase physical activity levels among this age group. However, documentation of the effect of such policies is so far limited. The purpose of this study was to explore policy-related practices to support physical activity in Norwegian secondary schools and their association with recess physical activity. Emphasis was given to examine the association between policies and physical activity, over and beyond, individual level interests and environmental factors and to examine cross-level interaction effects. This cross-sectional study was based on a nationally representative sample of Norwegian secondary schools and grade 8 students who participated in the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) 2005/06 study. The final sample comprised 68 schools and 1347 students. Data were collected through questionnaires. The results showed that schools with a written policy for physical activity and schools offering organized non-curricular physical activity several times a week had a higher proportion of students reporting daily participation in recess physical activity. Multilevel logistic regression analysis demonstrated a cross-level main effect of the policy index after controlling for sex, socio-economic status, individual-level interests and the physical environment. A significant contribution of adding the policy index to the prediction of recess physical activity above that provided by the individual-level interests and the physical environment was demonstrated. The results are encouraging and give scientific support to policy documents recommending the implementation of school policies to increase physical activity.

  5. Do school context, student composition and school leadership affect school practice and outcomes in secondary education?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Opdenakker, M.C.; van Damme, J

    This study examined effects of school context, student composition and school leadership on school practice and outcomes in secondary education in Flanders. The study reveals that relations between school characteristics do exist and that it is possible to explain an important part of the

  6. Senior Secondary School Children's Understanding of Plant Nutrition (United States)

    Mosothwane, Modise


    The purpose of this study was to assess children's understanding of plant nutrition. The research was done on a sample of secondary school pupils in the age range of 16 to 19 years in two senior secondary schools in Botswana. The sample contained 137 senior secondary pupils all in their final year of study. These children were above average…

  7. External efficiency of schools in pre-vocational secondary education

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Timmermans, A. C.; Rekers-Mombarg, L. T. M.; Vreeburg, B. A. N. M.


    The extent to which students from a prevocational secondary school are placed in training programmes in senior secondary vocational education that match with their abilities can be estimated by an indicator called External Efficiency. However, estimating the external efficiency of secondary schools

  8. Teaching Chemistry in Secondary Schools: A Case for Cooperative ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The study investigated the relative effectiveness of cooperative instructional strategy on students' performance in secondary school chemistry. Two hundred and fifty (250) Senior Secondary two (SS II) chemistry students were purposively sampled from three public secondary schools in Ilesa Local Government Area of Osun ...

  9. Primary Nocturnal Enuresis In Secondary School Children: A ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This study was on gender behaviour descriptive analysis of primary nocturnal enuresis in adolescent children using secondary school children. The participants included 50 secondary school children (26 males and 24 females) with M age of 14.89 and SD secondary age of 2.68. A questionnaire instrument designed by the ...

  10. Secondary School Science and Technology in Mauritius (United States)

    Hunma, Vandana

    In this paper, history of secondary school science in Mauritius is traced to identifyfactors, which may have influenced its link to technology of local significance. Theeconomy was based on agriculture. Sugar research was not only well developed, itwas crucial for sustaining the social status of the Franco Mauritian economic elite.Secondary school science on the other hand was unaffected by locally conductedscientific and technical research. It prepared students for examinations of Britishexamination boards and for further education in British universities. This resultedin narrowing of the curriculum to the detriment of important but `non-examinable'components of the syllabus. This `teaching to test' was further enhanced by limitededucational opportunities at each level. All attempts at introducing agriculture andpractical work in the curriculum were also futile because of the apathy descendantsof Indian and African immigrants had for agriculture.Today, there are many educational and vocational opportunities still the educationsystem founded on literary lines with examinations and subsequent selection atdifferent levels has become so deep rooted that any deflection from examinationrequirements is difficult.

  11. Lower secondary school pupils’ perception of chemistry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jiří Škoda


    Full Text Available There are a small number of research studies investigating lower secondary school pupils' attitudes toward chemistry. Existing studies focus mainly on the influence of gender on the attitudes toward chemistry. In this paper we present an investigation of the influence of gender, grade and, class and favourite subject and also an overall index of attitudes toward chemistry. The sample consisted of 379 pupils from eight lower secondary schools. The number of boys and girls was approximately similar; there were more pupils from the 8th grade and 102 pupils with chemistry as favourite subject. The measurement tool was a questionnaire with 25 Likert type items. After applying factor analysis, the items were distributed into four dimensions: The interest in chemistry, The relevance of chemistry, The future life and chemistry and The chemical experiments. The independent two-sample t-test was used for determining the diff erences among groups of categorical variables. A significant diff erence was found only in the dimension favourite subject. Pupils with chemistry as favourite subject achieved more positive attitudes. Girls achieved higher score in comparison with boys. The pupils from both grades achieved almost similar scores. Possibilities of further investigations are suggested in the conclusion.

  12. 314 A Study of Secondary School Students' Academic Performance ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)


    Mathematics) at the Senior School Certificate Examinations (SSCE) in ten secondary ... study employed a descriptive survey research design. ... The persistent poor performance of secondary school students in public ..... the essential parameters before new schools are established. ... This would go a long way in improving.

  13. Toward a Social History of the Secondary Modern Schools. (United States)

    McCulloch, Gary; Sobell, Liz


    Maintains that surprisingly little attention has been given to secondary modern schools by historians. Maintains that a new approach is needed to examine the impact of social differentiation in English and Welsh schools. Asserts that a more current history of secondary schools will provide new insights into British social history. (CFR)

  14. Parents' Involvement in Secondary School Administration as a ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This study investigated the relationship between parents' involvement in secondary school administration and school effectiveness in Nigeria adopting a descriptive survey research. The population was all the teachers, principals and parents of students in all public and private secondary schools in the South-East Zone of ...

  15. School-Based Management and Effectiveness of Public Secondary ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This paper examined the extent to which some of the functions of the State Secondary Education Board (SSEB) have been delegated to Principals of Secondary Schools in Cross River State, in line with school-based management. Four research questions guided the study. A questionnaire [School-based Management and ...

  16. Patient satisfaction with oral health care among secondary school ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Aim: To determine patient satisfaction with oral care among ordinary-level secondary school students in Manyoni town. Study Design: Cross sectional school-based study. Study participants and methods: 207 students aged 13-21 years old from all 4 ordinary-level secondary schools in Manyoni town who ever received oral ...

  17. Demand and Supply of Teachers to Secondary Schools in Anambra ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This study investigated the demand and supply of teachers to secondary schools in Anambra State of Nigeria due to school type. The survey design approach was adopted for this study. The population of the study comprised of all the secondary school principals, numbering 259 in the six education zones of Anambra State.

  18. The Relationship between Stress and Bullying among Secondary School Students (United States)

    Leung, Chi-hung; To, Hing-kwan


    Background: In Hong Kong, secondary school students face high levels of stress due to the examination oriented curricula. According to Sun (2006), some secondary school students cannot bear the pressure when facing the examinations, and some of them may exhibit destructive behaviors such as suicide and bullying. Therefore, cases of school bullying…

  19. Transnational Secondary Schooling and Im/mobile International Students (United States)

    Rahimi, Mark; Halse, Christine; Blackmore, Jill


    Schools and school education systems within nations are vying to increase international student enrolments in secondary schools. This analysis of the change over a decade in the enrolment of international secondary students in Victoria, Australia, indicates how the processes of internationalisation and commercialisation of education have affected…

  20. Prevalence, Gender and Level of Schooling Differences in Secondary School Students Level of Shyness (United States)

    Onukwufor, Jonathan N.; Iruloh, Betty-Ruth Ngozi


    This study was conducted to ascertain the prevalence, gender and level of schooling differences in secondary school students' level of shyness in Ikwerre Local Government Area of Rivers State. Population of the study comprised all the senior secondary school class two (SSS II) and all the Junior Secondary school class two (JSS II) students in the…

  1. Athletic Trainer Services in US Private Secondary Schools (United States)

    Pike, Alicia; Pryor, Riana R.; Mazerolle, Stephanie M.; Stearns, Rebecca L.; Casa, Douglas J.


    Context: Availability of athletic trainer (AT) services in US secondary schools has recently been reported to be as high as 70%, but this only describes the public sector. The extent of AT coverage in private secondary school settings has yet to be investigated and may differ from the public secondary school setting for several reasons, including differences in funding sources. Objective: To determine the level of AT services in US private secondary schools and identify the reasons why some schools did not employ ATs. Design: Concurrent mixed-methods study. Setting: Private secondary schools in the United States. Patients or Other Participants: Of 5414 private secondary schools, 2044 (38%) responded to the survey. Main Outcome Measure(s): School administrators responded to the survey via telephone or e-mail. This instrument was previously used in a study examining AT services among public secondary schools. Descriptive statistics provided national data. Open-ended questions were evaluated through content analysis. Results: Of the 2044 schools that responded, 58% (1176/2044) offered AT services, including 28% (574/2040) full time, 25% (501/2042) part time, 4% (78/1918) per diem, and 20% (409/2042) from a hospital or clinic. A total of 84% (281 285/336 165) of athletes had access to AT services. Larger private secondary schools were more likely to have AT services available. Barriers to providing AT services in the private sector were budgetary constraints, school size and sports, and lack of awareness of the role of an AT. Conclusions: More than half of the surveyed private secondary schools in the United States had AT services available; however, only 28% had a full-time AT. This demonstrates the need for increased medical coverage to provide athletes in this setting the appropriate level of care. Budgetary concerns, size of the school and sport offerings, and lack of awareness of the role of the AT continued to be barriers in the secondary school setting. PMID

  2. Athletic Trainer Services in US Private Secondary Schools. (United States)

    Pike, Alicia; Pryor, Riana R; Mazerolle, Stephanie M; Stearns, Rebecca L; Casa, Douglas J


    Availability of athletic trainer (AT) services in US secondary schools has recently been reported to be as high as 70%, but this only describes the public sector. The extent of AT coverage in private secondary school settings has yet to be investigated and may differ from the public secondary school setting for several reasons, including differences in funding sources. To determine the level of AT services in US private secondary schools and identify the reasons why some schools did not employ ATs. Concurrent mixed-methods study. Private secondary schools in the United States. Of 5414 private secondary schools, 2044 (38%) responded to the survey. School administrators responded to the survey via telephone or e-mail. This instrument was previously used in a study examining AT services among public secondary schools. Descriptive statistics provided national data. Open-ended questions were evaluated through content analysis. Of the 2044 schools that responded, 58% (1176/2044) offered AT services, including 28% (574/2040) full time, 25% (501/2042) part time, 4% (78/1918) per diem, and 20% (409/2042) from a hospital or clinic. A total of 84% (281 285/336 165) of athletes had access to AT services. Larger private secondary schools were more likely to have AT services available. Barriers to providing AT services in the private sector were budgetary constraints, school size and sports, and lack of awareness of the role of an AT. More than half of the surveyed private secondary schools in the United States had AT services available; however, only 28% had a full-time AT. This demonstrates the need for increased medical coverage to provide athletes in this setting the appropriate level of care. Budgetary concerns, size of the school and sport offerings, and lack of awareness of the role of the AT continued to be barriers in the secondary school setting.

  3. Secondary school learners' essays on suicide prevention. (United States)

    Pillay, Anthony L; Kriel, Anita J; Moodley, Soobiah V


    Considering the extent of the problem of suicidal behaviour among young people, the need for prevention programmes is paramount. The KwaZulu-Natal based 'Love to Live' campaign is a programme aimed at the prevention of suicidal behaviour among children and adolescents. The present study is an analysis of 63 essays written by secondary school learners on the subject of suicide prevention. Just over two-thirds of the essays revealed reasonable knowledge without serious inaccuracies, with over half the sample citing conflict with parents as precipitants to suicidal behaviour. Over one-third of the essays blamed suicidal persons for being ineffective in dealing with their life problems, and over one-third identified mental health workers and parents as sources of help. The results are discussed in terms of adolescents' views of suicidal behaviour, as well as within the context of the limitations of the study methodology.

  4. Knowledge of reproductive health issues among secondary school ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Open Access DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT ... The knowledge of reproductive health issues amongst secondary school adolescents in Calabar was studied. ... One hundred and eight students from the selected schools had a two-day workshop on ...

  5. The Effect of School Culture on the Management of Professional Development in Secondary Schools in Malaysia (United States)

    Rauf, Parwazalam Abdul; Ali, Syed Kamaruzaman Syed; Aluwi, Aliza; Noor, Nor Afizah Mohd


    This study explores the influence of school culture on the management of professional development in secondary schools in Malaysia. It illustrates how school culture influences the school professional development management. The instrument used in this study is a self-administered questionnaire involving 515 secondary school teachers. The results…


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Besa Havziu


    Full Text Available Today, in education prevails the paradigm that is geared towards the complete and varied development of a person. This implies the development of the students ability for self-determination towards various other perspective offered by contemporary social residence. Meanwhile in the time of adolescence, the youth experience serious crises regarding their identity, in which the free time and the activities during the free time can be positively used with a cause to be interrupted unconstructive and chaotic use of the free time by the youth. In this thesis are being analyzed the contents and the ways with what the secondary school students in the Republic of Macedonia fulfill their free time outside the school, specifically there will be an examination about the gender differences i.e. the amount and manner of spending their free time. In the approach to the study of the problem of research, we decided to apply: inductive method, deductive method and the method of comparison. 

  7. Nutritional environment at secondary schools in Bloemfontein, South ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    chocolates were sold at eight schools, and sweets, crisps and fast food at all of the schools. Conclusion: The nutrition environment at Bloemfontein secondary schools does not support healthy eating habits. Nutrition policies need to be introduced to improve the nutritional environment at schools as the available food for ...

  8. Athletic Trainer Services in Public and Private Secondary Schools. (United States)

    Pike, Alicia M; Pryor, Riana R; Vandermark, Lesley W; Mazerolle, Stephanie M; Casa, Douglas J


     The presence of athletic trainers (ATs) in secondary schools to provide medical care is crucial, especially with the rise in sports participation and resulting high volume of injuries. Previous authors have investigated the level of AT services offered, but the differences in medical care offered between the public and private sectors have not been explored.  To compare the level of AT services in public and private secondary schools.  Concurrent mixed-methods study.  Public and private secondary schools in the United States.  A total of 10 553 secondary schools responded to the survey (8509 public, 2044 private).  School administrators responded to the survey via telephone or e-mail. Descriptive statistics depict national data. Open-ended questions were evaluated through content analysis.  A greater percentage of public secondary schools than private secondary schools hired ATs. Public secondary schools provided a higher percentage of full-time, part-time, and clinic AT services than private secondary schools. Only per diem AT services were more frequent in the private sector. Regardless of the extent of services, reasons for not employing an AT were similar between sectors. Common barriers were budget, school size, and lack of awareness of the role of an AT. Unique to the public sector, remote location was identified as a challenge faced by some administrators.  Both public and private secondary schools lacked ATs, but higher percentages of total AT services and full-time services were available in the public sector. Despite differences in AT services, both settings provided a similar number of student-athletes with access to medical care. Barriers to hiring ATs were comparable between public and private secondary schools; however, remote location was a unique challenge for the public sector.

  9. Astronomy Teaching in Europe's Secondary Schools (United States)


    EU/ESO Workshop for European Physics Teachers A joint Workshop of the European Union (EU) and the European Southern Observatory (ESO) will take place on November 25 - 30, 1994 under the auspices of the European Week for Scientific Culture. The Workshop is entitled "Astronomy: Science, Culture and Technology". It will bring together at the ESO Headquarters in Garching (Germany) more than 100 secondary school teachers and ministerial representatives from 17 European countries to discuss all aspects of this broad subject. It is the first and very visible part of a new, sustained effort to stimulate and modernize the teaching of the subjects of Astronomy and Astrophysics in European secondary schools. During the Workshop, the participants will experience the present state of this multi-disciplinary science in its most general context, that is as a human, long-term scientific and technological endeavour with great cultural implications. They will exchange views on how the various elements of Astronomy can best be utilized within the educational schemes of the individual countries, both as subjects in their own rights, and especially in support of many other items on the present teaching agenda. Why This Workshop ? Astronomy is probably the oldest science. Since innumerable millenia, it has continued to have a great influence on mankind's perception of itself and its surroundings. In our days, Astronomy and Astrophysics have become a central area of the natural sciences with many direct links to other sciences (e.g., many aspects of physics, mathematics, chemistry, the geo-sciences, etc.); it has an important cultural content (including our distant origins, the recognition of the location and restricted extent of our niche in space and time, cosmological considerations as well as philosophy in general); its recent successes are to a large amount dependent on advanced technologies and methodologies (e.g., optics, electronics, detector techniques at all wavelengths

  10. School Sports Opportunities Influence Physical Activity in Secondary School and beyond (United States)

    Fuller, Daniel; Sabiston, Catherine; Karp, Igor; Barnett, Tracie; O'Loughlin, Jennifer


    Background: The purpose of the present study was to examine whether the availability of intramural or extramural sports in secondary schools is associated with physical activity levels in youth throughout secondary school and at age 20. Methods: Eight hundred and eight adolescents from 10 secondary schools in Montreal, Canada, provided physical…

  11. Applying a Knowledge Management Taxonomy to Secondary Schools (United States)

    Thambi, Melinda; O'Toole, Paddy


    The purpose of this article is to examine the relevance of a corporate-based taxonomy of knowledge management to secondary schooling. Do the principles of knowledge management from the corporate world translate to the world of education; specifically, secondary schooling? This article examines categories of knowledge management articulated in…

  12. An assessment of Mathematics self – efficacy of secondary school ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The study examined an assessment of mathematics self-efficacy of secondary school students in Osun State. It drawn on 500 students comprising 250 males and 250 females randomly selected from 5 secondary schools in Osogbo. Their ages range between 11-17 years with a mean age of 14 years and a standard ...

  13. Secondary School Students' Perception of Forestry and Wildlife ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Secondary School Students' Perception of Forestry and Wildlife Management in Rivers State, Nigeria. ... Journal of Agriculture and Social Research (JASR) ... The study was conducted to ascertain the perception of secondary school students in Rivers State about Forestry and Wildlife Management as a field of study in the ...

  14. Multiple Intelligences Profiles of Junior Secondary School Students in Indonesia (United States)

    Emmiyati, Nuri; Rasyid, Muhammad Amin; Rahman, M. Asfah; Arsyad, Azhar; Dirawan, Gufran Darma


    This study aimed to investigate the Multiple Intelligences profiles of the students at junior secondary school in Makassar. The Multiple Intelligences Inventory was used to identify the dominant intelligence among the students. The sample of this research was 302 junior secondary schools students in Makassar Indonesia who willing to participated…

  15. Agricultural experiences as correlates of secondary school students ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Agricultural experiences as correlates of secondary school students' achievement and career decisions in agricultural science. ... Secondary School Students and it should not be streamlined to only science students alone because of its educational value and it relevance to the needs of the learner and society as a whole.

  16. Secondary School Pupils' Perceptions of Sexual Harassment by Peers

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This study investigated how secondary school pupils perceive and conceptualise sexual harassment by peers. The study involved pupils drawn from secondary schools in Harare's high density suburbs. A questionnaire and follow-up interviews were the instruments used to source data from the subjects. The majority of the ...

  17. Integration of Informal Music Technologies in Secondary School Music Lessons (United States)

    Stowell, Dan; Dixon, Simon


    Technologies such as YouTube, mobile phones and MP3 players are increasingly integrated into secondary school music in the UK. At the same time, the gap between formal and informal music learning is being bridged by the incorporation of students' preferred music into class activities. We conducted an ethnographic study in two secondary schools in…

  18. Ego Depletion Negatively Affects Knowledge Retrieval in Secondary School Students (United States)

    Englert, Chris; Bertrams, Alex


    In the present study, we tested the assumption that performance in a knowledge retrieval test would be lower in secondary school students with temporarily depleted self-control strength (n = 53) compared to secondary school students with temporarily available self-control strength (n = 56). After manipulating self-control strength, students were…

  19. Child Abuse And The Educational Attainment Of Secondary School ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This study investigates the causes and consequences of child abuse on Secondary School students in the learning of Science subjects in Karu Local Government Area, a suburb of the FederalCapitalCity, Abuja, Nigeria. The survey sample consists of five (5) Secondary Schools across the entire study area, where students, ...

  20. Level of Depression in Intellectually Gifted Secondary School Children (United States)

    Shahzad, Salman; Begume, Nasreen


    The purpose of the present research was to investigate the difference in depression between intellectually gifted and non-gifted secondary school children. After a detailed review of literature the following hypothesis was formulated; there would be a significant difference between intellectually gifted and non-gifted secondary school children on…

  1. Examination anxiety among secondary school students in Edo State ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Examination is usually a major source of concern to students. This study therefore, investigated examination anxiety among secondary school students in Edo State, Nigeria. The study adopted the descriptive survey research design. The participants were 2,052 secondary school students aged 10-18 years randomly ...

  2. Male and Female Secondary School EFL Teachers' Code ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This study explored male and female secondary school EFL teachers' attitudes, reasons and beliefs about the functions of code-switching to L1 (Amharic) in their classes. The participants of the study were all the available (38 male and 19 female) English language teachers in seven secondary schools in Bahir Dar City and ...

  3. Personality Type and Academic Achievement of Secondary School Students (United States)

    Lawrence, Arul A. S.; Lawrence, John A.


    Personality is the man. The successful living of an individual, as a man, depends to a large extent on the academic achievement of that individual, as a student. This article attempts to find out personality type, academic achievement of secondary school students and relationship between them by selecting a sample of 300 secondary school students…

  4. Effect of Family Type on Secondary School Students\\' Performance ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This study investigated the effect of family type on Secondary School students\\' performance in physics in Ilorin metropolis. The sample comprised one hundred Senior Secondary II students from four schools in Ilorin metropolis. The instrument for the study titled \\"Effect of Family type on Students\\' Performance in Physics ...

  5. Irrational antibiotic usage in boarding secondary school settings in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Objective: To assess the prevalence of antibiotic misuse among boarding secondary school students in Dar es Salaam. Methodology: This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted over 3-month period amongst boarding secondary school students. A randomized sample of students was recruited from at least 3 ...

  6. A comparison of private and public secondary school biology ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This paper compares external motivation and job satisfaction in private and public secondary schools biology teachers in Education District IV of Lagos state. The sample for the study consists of 120 Biology teachers selected from ten private and ten public secondary schools. A 20-items Likert type questionnaire was ...

  7. Secondary School Biology Teachers' Perceptions of Scientific Creativity (United States)

    Ndeke, Grace C. W.; Okere, Mark I. O.; Keraro, Fred N.


    The purpose of this study was to investigate secondary school biology teachers' perceptions of scientific creativity. Cross-sectional survey research design was employed. The population of the study comprised all biology teachers in public secondary schools in Kericho and Kajiado counties in Kenya. A sample of 205 biology teachers' was selected…

  8. Type of High Secondary School (Governmental Vs Private) and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Type of High Secondary School (Governmental Vs Private) and Type of High Secondary School Certificate (Sudanese Vs Arabian): Do They Affect Learning Style? ... Results: Out of 320 students, 198 correctly completed VARK questionnaires, with mean age of 17.88 years (SD 1.52) and 74.2% were female students.

  9. Design Education and the Teaching of Woodwork in Secondary Schools. (United States)

    Nherera, Charles M.

    In an attempt to review and, if necessary, update the curriculum, a study investigated the prevalence of problem-solving and design approaches in the teaching of woodworking courses in secondary schools in Zimbabwe. Woodworking classes in forms one and three were studied in an urban secondary school where woodworking is taught up to form four and…

  10. Attitude of secondary school students towards guidance and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The Study investigated the attitude of secondary students towards guidance and counselling services. Descriptive research design of the survey type was used. Three hypotheses were formulated to guide the study. A total of 400 secondary school students were selected from ten (10) schools through stratified random ...

  11. Recognising Language Impairment in Secondary School Student Populations (United States)

    Starling, Julia; Munro, Natalie; Togher, Leanne; Arciuli, Joanne


    Up to 16% of students in mainstream secondary schools present with language impairment (LI). As with other learning difficulties, students with LI experience many academic, social, emotional and behavioral problems. Associated presenting behaviors may, however, be masking the primary language impairment. As a result, secondary school students with…

  12. hiv / aids awareness among secondary school youths in port ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)


    This is a questionnaire survey designed to determine the HIV/AIDS awareness among some secondary school youths in Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria. The study sample consisted of 650 pupils from six secondary schools. Participants completed a self-administered questionnaire about their personal background, ...

  13. Understandings of Climate Change Articulated by Swedish Secondary School Students (United States)

    Holmqvist Olander, Mona; Olander, Clas


    This study investigated beliefs about climate change among Swedish secondary school students at the end of their K-12 education. An embedded mixed method approach was used to analyse 51 secondary school students' written responses to two questions: (1) What implies climate change? (2) What affects climate? A quantitative analysis of the responses…

  14. The Supply of Science Teachers to Secondary Schools in Ondo ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This paper investigated the supply of science teachers to secondary schools in Ondo State, Nigeria. It was an ex-post facto and descriptive research. The study population comprised all the 281 secondary schools and 4 higher institutions in the State as well as 30 higher institutions from neighbouring States producing ...

  15. Meaningful Work and Secondary School Teachers' Intention to Leave (United States)

    Janik, M.; Rothmann, S.


    The study investigates the relations between secondary school teachers' work-role fit, job enrichment, supervisor relationships, co-worker relationships, psychological meaningfulness of work and intention to leave. A cross-sectional survey was used. The participants were 502 secondary school teachers in Namibia. The following measuring instruments…

  16. Prevalence and risk factors of smoking among secondary school ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Objectives: To determine the prevalence of smoking and investigate factors that may influence smoking behaviour in secondary school students in Nairobi. Design: Cross-sectional survey in which a self-administered questionnaire was issued to the students. Setting: Sampled public and private secondary schools in Nairobi ...

  17. Attitude toward Democracy in Pakistan: Secondary School Teachers' Perceptions (United States)

    Sarwar, Muhammad; Yousuf, Muhammad Imran; Hussain, Shafqat


    The study aimed at exploring the public sector secondary school teachers' perceptions for development of democratic values and strategies to improve the democratic system and attitudes toward democracy. Sixty secondary school teachers were selected as a sample. The qualitative data in the form of interview responses were collected to explore…

  18. On Singapore Prospective Secondary School Teachers' Mathematical Content Knowledge (United States)

    Toh, Tin Lam


    This paper reports the performance of one entire cohort of Singapore prospective secondary school mathematics teachers in a mathematics proficiency test. The prospective teachers were admitted to the teacher education program specializing in teaching secondary school mathematics. The strengths of the prospective teachers' content knowledge, their…

  19. Effect of Individual and Group Counselling on Secondary School ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The study investigated the effects of individual and group counselling on secondary school students' truant behaviour in Abia State. Three (3) research questions and three (3) hypotheses were formulated to guide the study. The population of the study consisted of 875 senior secondary school two (SS2) students in the ...

  20. Issues of ICT Usage among Malaysian Secondary School English Teachers (United States)

    Raman, Arumugam; Mohamed, Abdul Halim


    This study explored on perception, usage and obstacles of using ICT in teaching English Language among secondary school English teachers. The advancement of technology has given a space for teachers to boost teaching and learning of English language in secondary schools. It is believed that integration of ICT could enhance quality of teaching and…

  1. Mathematics as Language for Involving Secondary School Children ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This study examined Mathematics as Language for involving secondary schools Children in Science and Technology in Ondo State, Nigeria. As a correlational survey, it examined the relationship between Mathematics and other science subjects in schools' curriculum. The study population comprised all the 257 secondary ...

  2. Information Environment of Tutors in Public Secondary Schools in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    environment of Tutors in public secondary schools (TPSS) in the case of this study are limited to their information needs, sources, seeking ... interest, occupation, and geographical location. Information needs and ... particular reference to public secondary schools in Makurdi, Benue State, Nigeria. Understanding information ...

  3. Secondary School Students' Metaphors about the "Geography" Concept (United States)

    Aydin, Fatih


    This research has been conducted to reveal the secondary school students' perceptions in relation with metaphors about the "geography" concept. A total of 110 students attending to secondary schools in Karabuk city center joined the research within the 2009-2010 academic year. Following questions were searched to answer: 1-Which…

  4. Agricultural Education in Secondary Schools in Tanzania: Were the ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This study aims to assess whether the objectives of introducing agricultural education in secondary schools were realised. The whereabouts of graduates from agriculture biased schools was traced to establish their activities and determine their attitude towards the significance of secondary agricultural education in ...

  5. Effect of Peer Education on Deaf Secondary School Students' HIV ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This study evaluated the effect of an AIDS education program on deaf secondary school students' knowledge, attitude and perceived susceptibility to AIDS using peer education. Two secondary schools matched for ownership (government), composition (mixture of hearing and deaf) and teaching arrangement (separate ...

  6. Athletic training services in public secondary schools: a benchmark study. (United States)

    Pryor, Riana R; Casa, Douglas J; Vandermark, Lesley W; Stearns, Rebecca L; Attanasio, Sarah M; Fontaine, Garrett J; Wafer, Alex M


    Authors of the most recent study of athletic training (AT) services have suggested that only 42% of secondary schools have access to athletic trainers. However, this study was limited by a small sample size and was conducted more than 10 years ago. To determine current AT services in public secondary schools. Cross-sectional study. Public secondary schools in the United States. A total of 8509 (57%) of 14,951 secondary schools from all 50 states and Washington, DC, responded to the survey. Data on AT services were collected for individual states, National Athletic Trainers' Association districts, and the nation. Of the 8509 schools that responded, 70% (n = 5930) had AT services, including full-time (n = 3145, 37%), part-time (n = 2619, 31%), and per diem (n = 199, 2%) AT services, and 27% (n = 2299) had AT services from a hospital or physical therapy clinic. A total of 4075 of 8509 schools (48%) provided coverage at all sports practices. Eighty-six percent (2,394,284/2,787,595) of athletes had access to AT services. Since the last national survey, access to AT services increased such that 70% of respondent public secondary schools provided athletic trainers at sports games or practices. Approximately one-third of all public secondary schools had full-time athletic trainers. This number must increase further to provide appropriate medical coverage at athletic practices and games for secondary school athletes.

  7. Does Money Buy Higher Schooling? Evidence from Secondary School Track Choice in Germany (United States)

    Tamm, Marcus


    The German schooling system selects children into different secondary school tracks already at a very early stage in life. School track choice heavily influences choices and opportunities later in life. It has often been observed that secondary schooling achievements display a strong correlation with parental income. We use sibling fixed effects…

  8. Does a smoking prevention program in elementary schools prepare children for secondary school?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Crone, M.R.; Spruijt, R.; Dijkstra, N.S.; Willemsen, M.C.; Paulussen, T.G.W.M.


    A smoking prevention program was developed to prepare children in elementary school for secondary school. This study assessed the effects on smoking in secondary school. Methods: In 2002, 121 schools in The Netherlands were randomly assigned to the intervention or control group. The intervention

  9. Arab ESL Secondary School Students’ Spelling Errors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bandar Mohammad Saeed Al-Sobhi


    Full Text Available English spelling has always been described by many language researchers and teachers as a daunting task especially for learners whose first language is not English. Accordingly, Arab ESL learners commit serious errors when they spell out English words. The primary objective of this paper is to determine the types as well as the causes of spelling errors made by Arab ESL secondary school students. In order to collect the data, a fifty-word standardised spelling test was administered to seventy Arab student participants. The students’ types of spelling errors were detected, analysed and then categorised according to Cook’s (1999 classification of errors namely substitution, omission, insertion and transposition. In total, 2,873 spelling errors of various categories were identified. The study findings revealed that errors of substitution constituted the highest percentage of the students’ type of errors. In addition, the study indicated that the main causes of the students’ spelling errors were possibly attributed to the anomalous nature of the English spelling system, the Arab students’ lack of awareness of English spelling rules as well as L1 interference. Despite being conducted in an ESL context, the study was almost consistent with the findings indicated by other studies which were carried out in many Arabic EFL context. The findings suggest that spelling instruction should be emphasised while teaching English and should also be integrated with the skills and subskills of reading, writing, pronunciation and vocabulary in order to develop the students’ spelling accuracy.

  10. Leadership styles in secondary school science teachers (United States)

    Lawson, Michael A.

    A comparison of United States secondary school science teachers who mentor high quality student research and teachers who do not mentor research was conducted using a demographic survey and the Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire-Form 5X. The major demographic difference between the two groups was a significantly greater number of years of teaching experience in the research group, a factor that correlated significantly with Extra Effort in students. Research group teachers self-reported higher mean scores than non-research group teachers on the five transformational leadership scales plus the transactional scale of Contingent Reward; however, a Multivariate Analysis of Variance found no significant difference between the groups. Independent t-tests found no significant difference between the groups based upon the remaining transactional scales. The research group was found to be significantly higher on the outcome variable of Extra Effort generated by students while the non-research group rated themselves significantly higher on Satisfaction of students. Transformational leadership in teachers should be addressed by future studies as a possible method of identifying motivational teachers.

  11. VT School Locations - Post-Secondary (United States)

    Vermont Center for Geographic Information — (Link to Metadata) FacilitiesSchools_PTSCHOOL is designed to provide point locations of every Vermont School along with the established school ID (PSID) for...

  12. Rating of Stress Factors in Delta State Secondary Schools, Nigeria ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    In terms of school-community relations, schools should identify themselves of their host communities as may be within their reach. Keywords: Human Resources Development, Rating, Stress Factors, Secondary Schools, Nigeria International Journal of Development and Management Review (INJODEMAR) Vol. 7 June ...

  13. Spatial Thinking Ability Assessment in Rwandan Secondary Schools: Baseline Results (United States)

    Tomaszewski, Brian; Vodacek, Anthony; Parody, Robert; Holt, Nicholas


    This article discusses use and modification of Lee and Bednarz's (2012) Spatial Thinking Ability Test (STAT) as a spatial thinking assessment device in Rwandan secondary schools. After piloting and modifying the STAT, 222 students total from our rural and urban test schools and one control school were tested. Statistical analysis revealed that…

  14. Nutritional environment at secondary schools in Bloemfontein, South ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)


    Jun 19, 2014 ... chocolates were sold at eight schools, and sweets, crisps and fast food at all of the schools. Conclusion: The nutrition environment at Bloemfontein secondary schools does not support healthy eating habits. Nutrition policies need to ... are more effective in changing learners' food choices. Young people.

  15. A survey of perceived hindrances to junior secondary school ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This study investigated situations which Junior Secondary Schools (JSS) teachers perceived as hindrances to their teaching functions. A 30-item questionnaire with a 5-point scale was used to collect data from 116 science teachers who taught in private and public schools. The schools were based in rural and urban ...

  16. School climate as correlate of bullying behaviour among secondary ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Bullying is the most common form of violence in schools. The current study examined the relationship between school climate and bullying behaviour among secondary school students in Yagba West, Kogi State, Nigeria. The research design employed for this study was a descriptive research method of the correlational ...

  17. Secondary Trauma in Children and School Personnel (United States)

    Motta, Robert W.


    A review of childhood secondary trauma is presented. Secondary trauma involves the transfer and acquisition of negative affective and dysfunctional cognitive states due to prolonged and extended contact with others, such as family members, who have been traumatized. As such, secondary trauma refers to a spread of trauma reactions from the victim…

  18. Leadership Forces in Hong Kong Secondary Schools (United States)

    Pang, Nicholas Sun Keung


    An attempt was made to formulate a theoretical framework of leadership forces in school organisations, which includes bureaucratic linkage, cultural linkage, tight coupling and loose coupling. Two instruments, the School Values Inventory (SVI) and the Teachers' School Life Questionnaire (TSLQ), were created and developed for this study to assess…

  19. Nigeria Secondary School Science Teachers‟ Awareness and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    First Lady


    Oct 27, 2012 ... competent teachers, little or no relevant skills in ICT and poor motivation, low intrinsic value for education, inadequate number of schools and classrooms, security of teachers and increase in ... teaching activities towards achieving those goals whatever be their gender, type of school and school locations.

  20. Towards Sustainability at a Secondary Comprehensive School (United States)

    Hickman, Gill


    This article explores the development of sustainability at Ringwood School in Hampshire between 2005 and 2010 using two different routes. The author, herself a scientist and sustainability coordinator at the school, shows how the school has explored a range of initiatives, starting with those most straightforward for a biologist and culminating in…

  1. The Role of Perceived Parental Socialization Practices in School Adjustment among Norwegian Upper Secondary School Students (United States)

    Studsrod, Ingunn; Bru, Edvin


    Background: Lack of adjustment or school failure is a concern to educators, educational and school psychologists as well as parents, but few studies have focused on school adjustment during late adolescence. Moreover, studies have yet to explore associations between parenting and school adjustment among upper secondary school students. Aim: The…

  2. Increasing the admission rate to upper secondary school

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hoest, A.; Jensen, V.M.; Nielsen, L.P.


    the effects of a school intervention that introduces structured student career guidance in lower secondary school on upper secondary school admission. Disregarding the sunk-cost of implementation, the reform was cost-neutral. In a difference-in-difference framework, we find that the reform increases admission......Although several studies investigate the effects of school resources on student performance, these studies tend to focus more on intervention effect sizes than on their cost-effectiveness. Exploiting policy-induced variation in Denmark and using high-quality administrative data, we investigate...

  3. Meaningful Education for Returning-to-School Students in a Comprehensive Upper Secondary School in Iceland (United States)

    Jóhannesson, Ingólfur Ásgeir; Bjarnadóttir, Valgerður S.


    Dropout from upper secondary education in Iceland is higher than in the neighboring countries, but varied options to re-enter school have also been on offer. This article focuses on how students, who had returned to a selected upper secondary school after having quit in one or more other schools, benefited from an innovative pedagogical approach…

  4. The Relationship between the Emotional Intelligence of Secondary Public School Principals and School Performance (United States)

    Ashworth, Stephanie R.


    The study examined the relationship between secondary public school principals' emotional intelligence and school performance. The correlational study employed an explanatory sequential mixed methods model. The non-probability sample consisted of 105 secondary public school principals in Texas. The emotional intelligence characteristics of the…

  5. Instructional Leadership Behaviors of School Administrators on the Implementation of Secondary School Curricula (United States)

    Zorlu, Hizir; Arseven, Ayla


    The aim of this study is to determine instructional leadership behaviors of secondary school administrators based on the perceptions of administrators and teachers. The study was carried out with 309 teachers and 68 school administrators working in 25 secondary schools in Turkey. The study was carried out with the descriptive survey research. The…

  6. Empowering Secondary School Teachers Through Administrative Tasks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Magdalena M. Ocbian


    Full Text Available One prevalent problem confronting small schools is the unavailability of non-teaching staff that can serve the school in its financial and reportorial matters. This study looked into the need of small schools to establish their own school organizational staff that would aid the school head to be efficient in the financial and reportorial matters. This scenario is evident in Buhatan National High School (BNHS where the school head delegated administrative functions to teachers. This case study described the present school organizational staffing, existing and preferred cultural organization (OCAI, the level of effectiveness of the present school staffing (using SEAI by Durrant and Holden rated by the three groups of respondents --- the administrator and faculty, PTA officers and SSG officers of BNHS and the significant difference in the rating of the three groups of respondents using ANOVA. It was found that the school is observing an organizational staffing where teachers take academic and administrative roles as initiated by its school head. Clan is their existing and preferred organizational culture. It also revealed that the school’s level of effectivenessis highly effective. And, the responses of the three groups of respondents were statistically different.

  7. some affective characteristics as correlates of secondary school ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)


    correlates of secondary school students' performance in mathematics in Cross River State. ... and science related courses at the tertiary level. ... performance. Similarly, Ogban (1991) opined that achievement motivation correlated significantly with students' academic performance. Commenting on the influence of attitude,.

  8. Meaningful work and secondary school teachers' intention to leave ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    role fit, job enrichment, supervisor relationships, co-worker relationships, psychological meaningfulness of work and intention to leave. A cross-sectional survey was used. The participants were 502 secondary school teachers in Namibia.

  9. Secondary School Students\\' Attitudes Towards Counselling In The ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    test and Pearson Correlation analyses were adopted for the analysis and the following results were obtained: most secondary school students in the central senatorial district of Cross River State exhibit negative attitude towards guidance and ...

  10. Academic achievement and self-concept of secondary school ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    -concepts of male and female secondary school students in Gwagwalada Area Council of Abuja Federal Capital Territory. Four research questions were stated and answer in the field, four hypotheses were stated and tested to guide the study.

  11. Enteric parasitic infections among secondary school students in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Enteric parasitic infections among secondary school students in Gusau, ... Age, gender, marital status, anaemia and type of toilet significantly affected the ... There was no case of mixed infection of enteric parasites observed in this study.

  12. Promoting mental health first aid literacy in secondary schools. (United States)

    Glasper, Alan


    Emeritus Professor Alan Glasper, from the University of Southampton, discusses a new initiative designed to help teachers in secondary schools better understand and identify mental health issues in children.

  13. 22 CFR 62.25 - Secondary school students. (United States)


    ... Program Provisions § 62.25 Secondary school students. (a) Introduction. This section governs Department of... all host families of the philosophy, rules, and regulations governing the sponsor's exchange visitor...

  14. correlates of managerial variables and secondary school teachers ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)


    Foundation of personnel/human resource management. Texas: business publications. William, R. E., 2006. Staff Development. Programmes and Secondary School. Teachers Work Performance in Uyo. Senatorial District, Akwa Ibom State,. Nigeria. Unpublished Masters' Thesis,. Faculty of Education, University of. Calabar.

  15. Physical activity breaks and facilities in US secondary schools. (United States)

    Hood, Nancy E; Colabianchi, Natalie; Terry-McElrath, Yvonne M; O'Malley, Patrick M; Johnston, Lloyd D


    Research on physical activity breaks and facilities (indoor and outdoor) in secondary schools is relatively limited. School administrators and students in nationally representative samples of 8th (middle school) and 10th/12th grade (high school) students were surveyed annually from 2008-2009 to 2011-2012. School administrators reported information about physical activity breaks and facilities. Students self-reported height, weight, and physical activity. The prevalence of physical activity breaks and indoor and outdoor facilities (dichotomized by median split) differed significantly by region of the country, school size, student race/ethnicity, and school socioeconomic status (SES). Breaks were associated with lower odds of overweight (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] = 0.91, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.83-1.00) and obesity (AOR = 0.86, 95% CI: 0.75-0.99) among middle school students. Among low-SES middle school students and schools, higher indoor facilities were associated with lower rates of overweight and obesity. Among high school students, higher indoor and outdoor facilities were associated with 19-42% higher odds of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity. Physical activity breaks and school facilities may help to address high rates of overweight/obesity and low physical activity levels among secondary students, especially lower-SES students. Students in all schools should have equal access to these resources. © 2014, American School Health Association.

  16. Secondary School Mathematics Teachers' Attitude in Teaching Mathematics


    Mulugeta Atnafu


    The purpose of this study was to examine Addis Ababa secondary school mathematics teachers’ attitude in teaching mathematics. 148 mathematics teachers were selected using cluster sampling from Addis Ababa administration region. The study used survey method of data collection and it includes both quantitative and qualitative research methods. From the independent t-test, ANOVA, tukey test and regression analysis, some of the results obtained were: the majority of the secondary school mathemati...

  17. Understanding of photosynthesis among pupils of technical secondary schools


    Pavić, Petra


    The goal of our research was to examine the knowledge on photosynthesis of the students of the Secondary Technical schools, and their attitude towards it, and whether they have misconceptions about it. The research was conducted on a sample of 466 students in Vegova Secondary Technical and Grammar School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science in Ljubljana in the first, second and third year of electrical engineering and computer science programme. The test contained 27 closed-ended qu...

  18. Financial Literacy of Secondary Students, and Its Place within Secondary Schools (United States)

    Neill, Alex; Berg, Melanie; Stevens, Liesje


    This report investigates the behaviour, attitudes and experiences of New Zealand secondary students with money and financial products. It also looks at financial literacy programmes in New Zealand secondary schools and explores barriers to the implementation of financial literacy teaching. The research was commissioned by the Commission for…

  19. Prevalence of bullying in secondary schools in Port Harcourt. (United States)

    Alex-Hart, Balafama Abinye; Okagua, Joyce; Opara, Peace Ibo


    School bullying is a global problem involving a high proportion of students worldwide. However, its prevalence and types in secondary schools in Port Harcourt is not yet known. This study aimed to determine the prevalence and types of bullying in secondary schools in Port Harcourt. A total of 1160 students from six secondary schools in Port Harcourt comprised the sample. This was a cross-sectional school-based study conducted in Port Harcourt in March 2014. Two mixed schools, two all-boys schools, and two all-girls schools were selected using purposive sampling technique. Stratified random sampling technique, by class strata (senior secondary 1, 2 and 3) was used to select 1160 students from the six schools. A 22-item self-administered questionnaire adapted from a previous study was modified and used in this study. The questions covered the prevalence, type of bullying, and socio-demographic data. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 20 (IBM SPSS Incorporated, Chicago, IL, USA). About 82.2% reported being victims of bullying, whereas 64.9% reported being bullies. About 9.7% and 11.8% were neither bullies nor bullied, respectively. Bullying was significantly higher in the all-boys (90.8%) and all-girls (82.9%) schools than in the mixed schools (73.5%), p=0.000. More males were victims (53.4%) and bullies (53.3%) but more females (55.4%) were bully-victims. The most common (57.5%) type of bullying was physical bullying. The rate of bullying was found to be very high in secondary schools in Port Harcourt.

  20. Reading habits of secondary school students in Serbia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Krnjaić Zora


    Full Text Available Within the research study about free time, interests, cultural needs and habits of secondary school students, their reading habits were studied in particular. The paper is aimed at exploring the reading habits of secondary school students, which are expressed through different media, first and foremost, through book reading, as well as through reading the press and using the internet, and to determine the connection between them. The research was conducted by means of a questionnaire on the sample of 2426 students from 26 secondary schools from nine Serbian towns. The results referring to the level of development of reading habits of our secondary school students indicate that: 12% of students do not read; 21% read only the required reading; 40% read the required reading and occasionally the books that are not required; 20% read the required reading and often other books as well; and 7% are passionate readers. Secondary school students do not have a formed habit of using library services and most frequently read popular literature and popular science. The most frequently read texts in the press refer to leisure and sports. More developed reading habits of secondary school students are related to reading the sections on culture in daily newspapers, reading popular science magazines and using educational software. Educational implications of the paper indicate that it is necessary to develop students’ reading habits through teaching and learning and to encourage students to use both books and the modern media for learning purposes.

  1. Response to Intervention in Secondary Schools: Considerations for Administrators (United States)

    King, Seth A.; Lemons, Christopher J.; Hill, David R.


    Secondary school administrators are increasingly finding themselves in the position of implementing Response to Intervention (RTI). This system of providing progressively intensive levels of intervention for the purposes of preventing academic failure and identifying children with learning disability may be useful at the secondary level. However,…

  2. Bridging the Transition from Primary to Secondary School (United States)

    Howe, Alan, Ed.; Richards, Val, Ed.


    The transition from primary to secondary school can often be a difficult time for children, and managing the transition smoothly has posed a problem for teachers at both upper primary and lower secondary level. At a time when "childhood" recedes and "adulthood" beckons, the inequalities between individual children can widen,…

  3. Self-Concept and Secondary School Students' Academic ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The purpose of this research was to investigate the influence of self concept on physics students' academic achievement in secondary schools. The study was conducted in Uyo LGA of Akwa Ibom State in Nigeria. A sample size of five hundred (500) senior secondary two physics students took part in the investigation.

  4. Sanctions Connected to Dress Code Violations in Secondary School Handbooks (United States)

    Workman, Jane E.; Freeburg, Elizabeth W.; Lentz-Hees, Elizabeth S.


    This study identifies and evaluates sanctions for dress code violations in secondary school handbooks. Sanctions, or consequences for breaking rules, vary along seven interrelated dimensions: source, formality, retribution, obtrusiveness, magnitude, severity, and pervasiveness. A content analysis of handbooks from 155 public secondary schools…

  5. Single-Sex versus Secondary Schooling: A Systematic Review (United States)

    Mael, Fred; Alonso, Alex; Gibson, Doug; Rogers, Kelly; Smith, Mark


    Single-sex education refers most generally to education at the elementary, secondary, or postsecondary level in which males or females attend school exclusively with members of their own sex. This report deals primarily with single-sex education at the elementary and secondary levels. Research in the United States on the question of whether public…

  6. Abstract Algebra to Secondary School Algebra: Building Bridges (United States)

    Christy, Donna; Sparks, Rebecca


    The authors have experience with secondary mathematics teacher candidates struggling to make connections between the theoretical abstract algebra course they take as college students and the algebra they will be teaching in secondary schools. As a mathematician and a mathematics educator, the authors collaborated to create and implement a…

  7. Nutritional environment at secondary schools in Bloemfontein, South ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)


    Jun 19, 2014 ... lead to the development of obesity in children and adolescents need to be understood. Limited data exist on the availability of nutrition policies and the quality of food sold in and around secondary schools in South Africa. This study aimed to determine the nutrition environment at selected secondary ...

  8. School Related Alienation: Perceptions of Secondary School Students. (United States)

    Kunkel, Richard C.; And Others

    Responses to questionnaires administered to 10,000 senior high school students to ascertain their feelings of alienation as related to their schools are presented. The questionnaire items concerned: School as an Institution, The School as Teacher, Authority--Autonomy, and Parental Interest in School. The findings that resulted from the…

  9. Innovation dynamics of Salvadoran agri-food industry from an evolutionary perspective

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Peraza Castaneda, E.H.; Aleixandre Mendizábal, G.


    This paper presents a holistic approach to analyse the dynamics of innovation of a low-tech sector in a less developed economy, the agri-food industry in El Salvador, in the context of evolutionary economy. This requires using complementary quantitative and qualitative data and methodologies to better understand how Salvadoran agri-food industry innovation system works and how STI public policies can improve the performance of a key sector in terms of national socioeconomic development. The work already done shows a concentrated and vigorous sector with some upstream and downstream connections that innovate depending on firm size, age, R&D activities and use of industrial property rights. (Author)

  10. MOOC Integration into Secondary School Courses (United States)

    Najafi, Hedieh; Evans, Rosemary; Federico, Christopher


    We investigated how high school students taking a university preparatory economics course would engage with the learning and assessment components of a Behavioural Economics MOOC that was integrated into their school-based course. Students were divided into two groups, MOOC-only, with no teacher support, and blended-mode, with weekly tutorials.…

  11. Secondary School Students' Attitudes towards Science. (United States)

    Banu, Daniel P.


    Reports on Nigerian students' attitudes towards science. Findings suggest that students in general have a favorable attitude towards science and that exogenous factors such as family background and religion do not affect attitudes, whereas school and type of school attended (single-sex) affected attitude. Males were more positive than females…

  12. Average Distance Travelled To School by Primary and Secondary ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Data gathered through a questionnaire were analyzed to answer four research questions raised. Results revealed that students in 38.87, 36.59, and 28.57 percent of primary schools, and 23.81, 29.17, and 18.75 percent of secondary schools in Anambra, Enugu, and Ebonyi States respectively, travelled less than one ...

  13. Social Benefits of Secondary School Farms in Rivers State, Nigeria ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The purpose of this study was to determine the social benefits of school farms in secondary schools in Rivers State. The study used two research questions and simple random sampling technique for data collection with a total of 560 questionnaires administered to teachers and students. The results showed that 75% of ...

  14. Improving the Utilisation of Management Information Systems in Secondary Schools (United States)

    Bosker, R. J.; Branderhorst, E. M.; Visscher, A. J.


    Although most secondary schools do use management information systems (MISs), these systems tend not to be used to support higher order managerial activities but are currently primarily used for clerical purposes. This situation is unsatisfactory as MISs fully utilised could offer invaluable support to schools, which are increasingly being granted…

  15. School Library Spaces: Usage Practices in Some Secondary ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The study investigated the unconventional uses to which school libraries spaces are subjected to in secondary schools. A randomly selected five hundred and two (502) undergraduates of Tai Solarin University of Education were used for the study. Data were collected using a structured questionnaire at the University ...

  16. Teachers Assessment of Secondary School Effectiveness in Akwa ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The aim of the study was to determine how secondary school teachers in Akwa Ibom State of Nigeria assess their school effectiveness in terms of learning and teaching, planning and organizing teaching, guidance and counselling, leadership and ethos. Three hypotheses were raised. The population of study consisted of ...

  17. Bullying in public secondary schools in Nairobi, Kenya | Ndetei ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background: The prevalence and frequency of bullying in Nairobi public secondary schools in particular and in Kenyan schools in general is not known. Knowledge of the extent of the problem is essential in developing effective interventions. Aim: To study the prevalence and frequency of bullying in Nairobi public ...

  18. Relating secondary school to higher education honours programmes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Valk, A.E.|info:eu-repo/dai/nl/073046868; Kleijer, C.C.; Michels, B.I.


    U-Talent Academy is part of the U-Talent programme, a collaboration between two universities and 40 schools. The aim of U-Talent is to strengthen science and mathematics (STEM) education in secondary school and in the bachelor phase of higher education by the valorization of scientific research and

  19. Managing to Learn: Instructional Leadership in South African Secondary Schools (United States)

    Hoadley, Ursula; Christie, Pam; Ward, Catherine L.


    This article reports on an empirical study of the management of curriculum and instruction in South African secondary schools. Drawing on data collected from 200 schools in 2007, a series of regression analyses tested the relationship between various dimensions of leadership and student achievement gains over time. Whilst the research confirms…

  20. Gendered Harassment in Secondary Schools: Understanding Teachers' (Non) Interventions (United States)

    Meyer, Elizabeth J.


    This article provides an analysis of teachers' perceptions of and responses to gendered harassment in Canadian secondary schools based on in-depth interviews with six teachers in one urban school district. Gendered harassment includes any behaviour that polices and reinforces traditional heterosexual gender norms such as (hetero)sexual harassment,…

  1. Helping Secondary School Students Understand and Regulate Stress (United States)

    Nelson, Mark D.; Tarabochia, Dawn S.


    A psychoeducational unit on stress is provided for school counselors or other educators working with secondary school-aged students. The unit can be utilized as part of a guidance curriculum. An overview of stress response during adolescent development is provided. A brief historical and contextual description of guidance curriculum and its role…

  2. Selection and Training of Secondary School Headteachers in the Netherlands. (United States)

    Esp, D. G.

    The Netherlands has an effective training system for secondary school administrators, in spite of an outwardly complex and compartmentalized education system. Nearly one-third of the schools are Roman Catholic, one-third Protestant, and one-third run by municipalities and by private boards. There is increasing emphasis on the growing complexity of…

  3. Treatment Duration of Topics in Senior Secondary School Core ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)


    Treatment Duration of Topics in Senior Secondary School Core. Mathematics in Ghana: A Case Study ... time of 160 minutes per week for 96 weeks for the SSS Core Mathematics Program was inadequate. Introduction ..... lessons, the whole exercise had to be postponed to second term because of the Schools and Colleges ...

  4. The Library use Patterns of Secondary School Students in Bomo ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Teachers' library atlitudes and the library use patterns of secondary school students in Nigeria are summarily discussed, The common assumption by some teachers, librarians and school authorities that positive library habits are more inadvertently caught or developed by students than consciously taught once good library ...

  5. Attitude of Junior Secondary School Students towards the Study of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... private schools, the study investigated the attitudes of junior secondary school students towards the study of science. Data were collected using survey instrument. The findings indicate that girls do not enjoy science as much as boys do. African Journal of Educational Studies in Mathematics and Sciences Vol. 4 2006: pp.

  6. Determinants of Students' School-Identification in Secondary Vocational Education (United States)

    de Koning, Els; Boekaerts, Monique


    This article reports on a study regarding the school-identification of 1819 first-year students in secondary vocational education. We measured the school-identification of these adolescents and used the perspective of self-regulation to define three blocks of potential determinants, including the students' personal goals (1) their appraisals of…

  7. Metaphors Developed by Secondary School Students towards "Earthquake" Concept (United States)

    Kaya, Huseyin


    This research was conducted to reveal the metaphors of Secondary school students about "earthquake" concept. About 105 students in two schools in Karabuk city centre participated in the research within 2009-2010 academic year. The research Data were obtained by students' completing the statement "Earthquake is like...,…

  8. Momentum and Kinetic Energy: Confusable Concepts in Secondary School Physics (United States)

    Bryce, T. G. K.; MacMillan, K.


    Researchers and practitioners alike express concerns about the conceptual difficulties associated with the concepts of momentum and kinetic energy currently taught in school physics. This article presents an in-depth analysis of the treatment given to them in 44 published textbooks written for UK secondary school certificate courses. This is set…

  9. Establishing a Self-Access Centre in a Secondary School (United States)

    Miller, Lindsay; Shuk-Ching, Elza Tsang; Hopkins, Mark


    This paper reports on establishing and running a Self-Access Centre (SAC) in a secondary school in Hong Kong. The impetus for establishing the SAC came from new government curriculum guidelines with a focus on promoting greater autonomy for school students in their English language education. The approach taken in establishing the SAC was to…

  10. Skills among Teachers in Selected Public Secondary School ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The study examined the availability of ICT facilities and skills of secondary school teachers in Zaria Metropolis in Kaduna State, Nigeria. Two objectives were developed to guide the study. Five schools were surveyed. Two separate questionnaires was developed, one for ICT facilities and are administered to head of ICTs in ...

  11. Perceptions of Adult to Student Bullying in Secondary School Settings (United States)

    Boyle, Ricki M.


    Despite the volumes of research on peer-to-peer bullying little research has been done regarding teacher to student bullying. Educational professionals recognize that bullying and intimidation have a negative effect on school climate. The purpose of the study was to explore the prevalence of teacher to student bullying in secondary schools from…

  12. 75 FR 32235 - Exchange Visitor Program-Secondary School Students (United States)


    ... school student exchange programs among the general public, the Department will hold this public meeting... in the secondary school student exchange industry (See 74 FR 45385, Sept. 2, 2009). In response to... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Exchange...

  13. Effectiveness of Transformational Leadership Style in Secondary Schools in Nigeria (United States)

    Money, Veronica. O.


    Education is the engine of national growth. A population of well educated citizens increases national economic competitiveness. To survive and develop in any nation, the education industry must grow. Secondary schools in Nigeria are headed by Principal. They are regarded as the Chief Executive of the school and are held accountable for all that…

  14. Central Park East Secondary School: Teaching and Learning through Freire (United States)

    Tyner-Mullings, Alia R.


    This article connects the theoretical perspective of Paulo Freire's Pedagogy of the Oppressed with the teaching and learning styles of teachers and students at Central Park East Secondary School (CPESS) in East Harlem, New York. It examines some of the ways the Freireian model has worked within the public school system and considers some of the…

  15. Hazing in orientation programmes in boys-only secondary schools

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Art. #809, 22 pages, Hazing in orientation programmes in boys-only secondary schools. C Huysamer. St Mary's School for Girls, Johannesburg. E M Lemmer ... The computer assisted analysis strategy included frequency distributions, exploratory ...... South African Journal of Science,.

  16. Career counselling with secondary school-aged youth: Directions for ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Career counselling with secondary school-aged youth: Directions for theory, research, and practice. ... Abstract. In the midst of an information age and a global economy, people around the world continue to face significant inequities at school and in the workforce. Career counselling thus finds itself in a paradigm shift that ...

  17. School Group Performance in the Commonwealth Secondary Scholarship Examination (United States)

    Sumner, R. J.; Broadhurst, N. A.


    Reports the results of a survey based on the Commonwealth Secondary Scholarship Examination (C.S.S.E.). Freshman students at Flinders University (South Australia) were sampled, and results indicated that students from non-government schools performed better, and hence were more able, than those who came from government schools. (JR)

  18. Patterns of examination anxiety among secondary school students ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Anxiety is a negative emotion which affects human beings irrespective of social status. However, individuals exhibit anxiety in different forms. This study therefore investigated the patterns of examination anxiety among secondary school students in Ilorin metropolis, Nigeria. The influence of variables of gender and school ...

  19. Public secondary school teachers' attitude to family life education in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Objective: This qualitative study was conducted to assess and compare the attitude of teachers in two geopolitical zones of Nigeria to family life education. Methods: Multi stage sample selection was used to pick 6 public secondary schools (3 junior, 3 senior) in each zone. All teachers (221) in the selected schools were ...

  20. The Paradigm for Effective School Supervision in Secondary ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The role of instructional supervision is to bring about teaching effectiveness from which students can benefit. The continued poor performance of secondary school students in Nigeria, as exemplified in the dismal school certificate results, complaints in local and national newspapers as well as electronic media, questions ...

  1. Peer influence on the study habit of secondary school adolescents ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This study investigated the influence of peer group on the study habit of secondary school adolescents. A sample of two hundred and ninety two (292) students was randomly selected from nine schools in two Local Government Areas of Ogun State. Two instruments were used to collect data. They are: Adolescents' Peer ...

  2. Gender Effect on the Performance of Junior Secondary School ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This study investigated gender effect on the performance of Junior Secondary School (JSS) students in mathematics in Ibadan municipal. Descriptive survey research design was used for this study. It is an ex-post-facto research design which made use of the Junior School Certificate Examination results of students for the ...

  3. 341 Vulnerability of Secondary School Students to HIV/AIDS ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)



    Oct 17, 2010 ... Communication Programs, 1995-2000, Working Paper No. 6. Baltimore John Hopkins University, Bloomerberg School of Public. Health, Population Communication Services P.2. Piaget, J. (1954). The construction of reality, New York: Basic Books. Vulnerability of Secondary School Students to HIV/AIDS: ...

  4. Reading Habits among Secondary School Students in Ondo State ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This survey investigated the reading habits of eight senior secondary school students in Ondo State Nigeria using a multistage sampling technique to draw three local government areas out of 18 in the State. Eight hundred copies of questionnaire were administered on 100 students from each of the eight schools sampled in ...

  5. Dimensions of Successful Leadership in Soweto Township Secondary Schools (United States)

    Mbokazi, Zakhele


    This paper argues that the success of schools in disadvantaged township communities is shaped by an interplay of four dimensions: strategy, regulation, pedagogy and compensation. The paper presents these dimensions of successful leadership in secondary schools by drawing on a research study focusing on cases of three Soweto township secondary…

  6. Developing Self-Regulated Learners in Secondary Schools (United States)

    Salter, Prue


    This paper draws on emerging data from a doctoral study exploring how schools approach the development of self-regulated learners in Years 7-12. The research is exploring stakeholders' attitudes, beliefs, experiences and perceptions around the development of self-regulated learning (SRL) in contemporary secondary schools and how new and emerging…

  7. The Transition from Primary to Secondary School: Teachers' Perspectives (United States)

    Hopwood, Belinda; Hay, Ian; Dyment, Janet


    The transition from primary school to secondary school has long been recognised as one of the most challenging times in a young adolescent students' education, particularly in regard to their academic achievement. Research evidence from the last 30 years has identified a consistent pattern in students' academic achievement across transition,…

  8. Making Secondary School Geography Come Alive in Nigeria: A ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    also required for the purpose of acquisition of right skills among others. However, in Nigerian schools especially at primary and secondary levels, geographical fieldwork appears to be at lower ebb or is no longer in existence. This paper makes a wakeup call for a revival of geographical fieldwork in. Nigerian schools.

  9. Principal's Experience and Teachers' Satisfaction in Lebanese Secondary Schools. (United States)

    Theodory, George C.


    Investigates Fiedler's contingency theory regarding the relationship between the years of experience of principals rated as high and low LPC (Least Preferred Coworker) and the satisfaction of teachers in their schools. Subjects were 93 principals and 627 secondary school teachers. (Author/CM)

  10. Food and Nutrition Education in Private Indian Secondary Schools (United States)

    Rathi, Neha; Riddell, Lynn; Worsley, Anthony


    Purpose: The current Indian secondary school curriculum has been criticised for its failure to deliver relevant skills-based food and nutrition education for adolescents. The purpose of this paper is to understand the views of adolescents, their parents, teachers and school principals on the present food and nutrition curriculum and the role of…

  11. Perception Of Junior Secondary School Teachers Towards Literacy ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The study assessed the perception of teachers' towards literacy through mother tongue in junior secondary schools in Ogun State. Four hundred teachers were sampled (200 males and 200 females) from public and private Schools with the use of stratified random sampling. The instrument titled Teachers' Perception ...

  12. Response to intervention with secondary school students with reading difficulties. (United States)

    Vaughn, Sharon; Fletcher, Jack M


    The authors summarize evidence from a multiyear study with secondary students with reading difficulties on (a) the potential efficacy of primary-level (Tier 1), secondary-level (Tier 2), and tertiary-level (Tier 3) interventions in remediating reading difficulties with middle school students, (b) the likelihood of resolving reading disabilities with older students with intractable reading disabilities, (c) the reliability, validity, and use of screening and progress monitoring measures with middle school students, and (d) the implications of implementing response to intervention (RTI) practices at the middle school level. The authors provide guidance about prevailing questions about remediating reading difficulties with secondary students and discuss future directions for research using RTI frameworks for students at the secondary level.

  13. Awareness of students selected secondary schools on the issue orthorexia


    Janečková, Karolína


    TITLE: Awareness of students selected secondary schools on the issue orthorexia AUTHOR: Bc. Karolína Janečková DEPARTMENT: Pedagogy department SUPERVISOR: PaedDr. Eva Marádová, CSc. ABSTRACT: The topic of my dissertation is orthorexia nervosa, one of the modern eating disorders, and the impact of a Czech school on its development. The aim of this dissertation is to identify what knowledge about orthorexia issues the secondary medical school students have, what is their opinion on eating disor...

  14. Pedagogical discourses in Bhutanese upper secondary schools

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Keller, Hanne Dauer; Utha, Karma


    In this article we analyze and discuss the pedagogical discourse of the Bhutanese school system in order to reflect on the question of which kinds of learning and competencies the school system creates and to what degree these match the dynamic demands of a changing society. We distinguish between...... two pedagogical discourses in our analysis of the Bhutanese school system: The traditional cognitive learning discourse and an alternative, experience-based discourse. The theoretical framework is then used in our analysis of empirical data from classroom observations and semi-structured interviews...

  15. Effective Classroom Management Techniques for Secondary Schools

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    principals and teachers in their perception regarding the effects of teachers classroom management effectiveness on students learning. Based on the findings, the study recommends that school principals should constantly organize seminars and ...


    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    %) were tobacco users (smoking, sniffing or chewing tobacco). Among mothers, being a tobacco user (as reported by their offspring) increases with higher education, occupational status and with having their son or daughter in a private school.

  17. A Secondary Analysis of the Impact of School Management Practices on School Performance (United States)

    Talbert, Dale A.


    The purpose of this study was to conduct a secondary analysis of the impact of school management practices on school performance utilizing a survey design of School and Staffing (SASS) data collected by the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) of the U.S. Department of Education, 1999-2000. The study identifies those school management…

  18. Off ramp : a secondary school TDM program

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Haq, F. [Better Environmentally Sound Transportation (BEST), Vancouver, BC (Canada)


    The cities of Vancouver and Victoria in British Columbia have implemented a high school vehicle trip reduction program entitled Off-Ramp. The program, created by BEST, is about youth empowerment to help youths lead their peers to walk, cycle, skateboard, in-line skate, or carpool to school for a sustainable environment. Students raise awareness through media and drama to counter pop images of driving as being cool. Sponsorship is very important to the success of the program.

  19. Problems of discipline in primary and secondary school: Teachers' opinions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Savović Branka B.


    Full Text Available Investigations carried out in late 2001 in primary and secondary schools of Belgrade, Novi Sad and Niš comprised students, teachers and associates. The aim of investigations was to get insight into the state-of-the-arts problems and needs of our primary and secondary schools. The paper is a part of investigations, related to the results obtained for students' opinions of their interrelations with teachers as well as opinions of teachers themselves. The sample comprised 727 students of 4th grade of secondary vocational and high schools, 562 students of 8th grade of primary schools 168 secondary school and 107 primary school teachers. We investigated their interrelationships and within this framework the level of potential or current aggressive behavior. The majority of teachers (51% estimated student-teacher relationships mediocre - neither good nor bad. The most frequent problem in students' behavior is, according to the teachers instruction disturbance. One-quarter of teachers find that students offend them, ridicule them, or mock at them in front of others, and 5 per cent complain of physical injury intimidation on the part of students. When a problem comes up, 18 per cent of teachers talk with a student, and nearly 10 per cent of teachers give lower grades in their subject, so as to punish a student for undisciplined behaviors. In teachers' opinion, society, school the least, is to be blamed for the situation.

  20. Analysis of Results of Core Academic Subjects of Ghanaian Secondary Schools: Case Study of a Secondary School in Ghana (United States)

    McCarthy, Paul; Gyan, Emmanuel; Kwame, Baah-Korang; McCarthy, Peter


    Educational authorities in Ghana have generally established that the performance of school leavers especially at the pre-university level offered a large room for improvement, due to so many factors. Hence, the introduction of the New Educational Reform in 1987 which led to the new system of Senior Secondary School with the first product in 1993.…

  1. A Study of the Effect of Secondary School Leadership Styles on Student Achievement in Selected Secondary School in Louisiana (United States)

    Harris, Cydnie Ellen Smith


    The effect of the leadership style of the secondary school principal on student achievement in select public schools in Louisiana was examined in this study. The null hypothesis was that there was no statistically significant difference between principal leadership style and student academic achievement. The researcher submitted the LEAD-Self…

  2. The Influence of School Culture and Organizational Health of Secondary School Teachers in Malaysia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdul Ghani Kanesan Abdullah


    Full Text Available This study aims to determine the level of school culture practices by school principals in the national secondary schools in the state of Kedah, Malaysia. The six dimensions of school culture studied were teacher collaboration, unity of purpose, professional development, collegial support, learning partnership and collaborative leadership. The study also looks at the level of teachers’ job satisfaction as well as the relationship with the practice of a positive school culture by the national secondary school principals. The respondents consisted of 385 teachers employed in 22 national secondary schools in the state of Kedah. The data obtained was analysed using SPSS version 20.0. Descriptive analysis and Pearson Correlation Coefficient were used to analyse the strength of the relationship. The findings of this study revealed that there was a positive correlation between school culture and job satisfaction according to teachers’ perceptions. In addition, the school culture was statistically determined to be an important predictor variable of job satisfaction

  3. Enzymes: A Workshop for Secondary School Students. (United States)

    Bering, C. Larry


    Describes the weekend science workshop on enzymes and includes several projects that involve students directly, parts of which can be incorporated into a traditional chemistry, biology, or physical science course at the secondary level. Subjects include catalysts and catalytic converters in cars, enzymes as consumer products and in industrial…

  4. Life Purposes of Iranian Secondary School Students (United States)

    Hedayati, Nasibeh; Kuusisto, Elina; Gholami, Khalil; Tirri, Kirsi


    This article examines Iranian secondary students' (N = 336) life purposes. Economic and hedonistic life goals were the most valued. Relationships in terms of having a family and children were also appreciated. In the students' views, religiousness was associated with social goals such as helping others in need and volunteering in the community.…

  5. Evaluating Accounting Software in Secondary Schools. (United States)

    Chalupa, Marilyn


    The secondary accounting curriculum must be modified to include computers and software. Educators must be aware of the computer skills needed on the job and of the accounting software that is available. Software selection must be tailored to fit the curriculum and the time available. (JOW)

  6. Comprehensive School Mental Health: An Integrated "School-Based Pathway to Care" Model for Canadian Secondary Schools (United States)

    Wei, Yifeng; Kutcher, Stan; Szumilas, Magdalena


    Adolescence is a critical period for the promotion of mental health and the treatment of mental disorders. Schools are well-positioned to address adolescent mental health. This paper describes a school mental health model, "School-Based Pathway to Care," for Canadian secondary schools that links schools with primary care providers and…

  7. Start App: a coding experience between primary and secondary school

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Filippo Bruni


    Full Text Available The paper presents a coding experience in primary school (“Colozza” in Campobasso. Within the theoretical framework offered by computational thinking, using App Inventor, it was created a calculator for smartphone in the Android environment. High school students (from a technical secondary school guided the pupils in primary school, making an interesting form of cooperation between primary and secondary schools. Start App: una esperienza di coding tra scuola primaria e scuola secondariaIl contributo presenta una esperienza di coding nella scuola primaria dell’Istituto Comprensivo statale “Colozza” di Campobasso. All’interno della cornice teorica offerta dal pensiero computazionale, utilizzando App Inventor, è stata realizzata una calcolatrice per smartphone in ambiente Android. A guidare gli allievi della primaria sono stati gli studenti dell’Istituto Tecnico Industriale “Marconi” di Campobasso realizzando una interessante forma di collaborazione tra istituti scolastici di ordine diverso.

  8. Gendered Perceptions of Schooling: Classroom Dynamics and Inequalities within Four Caribbean Secondary Schools (United States)

    Younger, Mike; Cobbett, Mary


    This paper sets out to interrogate the reality of secondary schooling in one part of the Caribbean, through a case study exploration of the "gender regimes" of four secondary schools in the small Eastern Caribbean nation state of Antigua and Barbuda. In Antigua, as in the Caribbean region more broadly, the focus of attention has been on…

  9. Secondary School Fee Inflation: An Analysis of Private High Schools in Victoria, Australia (United States)

    Lye, Jenny; Hirschberg, Joe


    The recent growth in privately administered secondary education in many developed countries has been a widely observed phenomenon. The Australian private secondary school sector has grown faster than those in any other "OECD" nation, even though the average tuition fees charged by these schools have increased at double the nation's…

  10. Impact of School Staff Health on Work Productivity in Secondary Schools in Massachusetts (United States)

    Alker, Heather J.; Wang, Monica L.; Pbert, Lori; Thorsen, Nancy; Lemon, Stephenie C.


    Background: Healthy, productive employees are an integral part of school health programs. There have been few assessments of work productivity among secondary school staff. This study describes the frequency of 3 common health risk factors--obesity, depressive symptoms, and smoking--and their impact on work productivity in secondary school…

  11. The Efficiency of Managing School Records by Secondary School ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The efficiency of managing school records differed among principals, depending on gender, experience and school location. Thus, we recommend that government should provide adequate funds and facilities for effective management of school records. There should be adequate training and retraining of principals ...

  12. Cooperative learning in science: intervention in the secondary school (United States)

    Topping, K. J.; Thurston, A.; Tolmie, A.; Christie, D.; Murray, P.; Karagiannidou, E.


    The use of cooperative learning in secondary school is reported - an area of considerable concern given attempts to make secondary schools more interactive and gain higher recruitment to university science courses. In this study the intervention group was 259 pupils aged 12-14 years in nine secondary schools, taught by 12 self-selected teachers. Comparison pupils came from both intervention and comparison schools (n = 385). Intervention teachers attended three continuing professional development days, in which they received information, engaged with resource packs and involved themselves in cooperative learning. Measures included both general and specific tests of science, attitudes to science, sociometry, self-esteem, attitudes to cooperative learning and transferable skills (all for pupils) and observation of implementation fidelity. There were increases during cooperative learning in pupil formulation of propositions, explanations and disagreements. Intervened pupils gained in attainment, but comparison pupils gained even more. Pupils who had experienced cooperative learning in primary school had higher pre-test scores in secondary education irrespective of being in the intervention or comparison group. On sociometry, comparison pupils showed greater affiliation to science work groups for work, but intervention pupils greater affiliation to these groups at break and out of school. Other measures were not significant. The results are discussed in relation to practice and policy implications.

  13. Secondary School Libraries in Latin America. (United States)

    Rooney, Eugene M.


    Discusses problems (poverty, lack of national publishers, use of libraries as study halls, low professional status of librarians) affecting high school libraries in Latin America and suggests ways to improve library services, focusing on reference service (opening reference stacks, improved cataloging, library skills instruction), technical…

  14. Secondary School Student's Attitude towards Consumer Education ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The urban groups were made up of 64 students in two schools in Warri South Local Government Area. A questionnaire was the main instrument used to collect data for this study. Means were then used to analyze the data collected. Findings indicated that students in both urban and rural areas have positive attitude towards ...

  15. Sources of Occupational Stress among Secondary School ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Nekky Umera

    lot of stressful events. Like all formal organisations, the school system has specific administrative tasks and functions to be performed by the manager. In the field of management, several scholars from the scientific management theorists like Fredric Taylor and Henri Fayol, through the. Human Relationists like Elton Mayo, ...

  16. Career information processing strategies of secondary school ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)


    parents and their school counsellor bore any positive relationship with their choice of career. The study .... obtain socio-demographic information from the respondents such as age, sex, choice of career, and so on. ... An instrument is said to be unidimensional and valid if there is a single dominant first factor; this was the.

  17. Becoming pregnant during secondary school: findings from ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Objectives: Pregnancies among teenagers and problems associated with premarital births have raised concerns in many countries. It is important to explore unintended pregnancy from the viewpoints of local stakeholders such as students, schools/teachers, and community members. This study assessed reported cases of ...

  18. Sources of Occupational Stress among Secondary School ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    An inventory, the School Managers Sources of Stress Inventory was used to collect data. The data was analysed using simple percentage to answer the two research questions raised. The findings showed that, Administrative routine, Work load, and Conflicting demands and roles between work and family were the highest ...

  19. Secondary School Administration in Anambra State Today ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)


    leading efficiently and effectively in the development and management of the school resources. He ensures satisfactory ... quickly adjust or adapt to the changes and innovations as an attempt to achieve equilibrium. .... process of administration is relatively pathetic because it does affect them. For instance, in the 1999/2000 ...

  20. Secondary School Administration in Anambra State Today ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)


    Education stakeholders and non-governmental organizations should organize workshops and seminars for principals on the various concepts and the practical aspects of application of ICT as well as provide computer sets in the schools. 5. Principal/vice should frequently visit classrooms and hold development conferences ...

  1. Classroon: teaching chromatography in junior secondary schools ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Ink with trademark name KOFA produced very poor colour separation when used in both cases. The trial results showed that the models enhanced the understanding of the topic in those classes that they were used compared to those classes that they were not used. In both schools A and B the differences between the ...

  2. Organisational Correlates of Secondary School Teachers' Job ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This would go a long way to reduce tendencies of teachers' poor perception about the noble profession. Government should make available school material resources or involve teachers in skills acquisition programmes to enable them improvise such at an appropriate time for effective teaching and learning process.

  3. Alcohol Consumption, Peer Influence and Secondary School ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This study investigated the influences of Acohol Consumption peer influence and secodnary school stuents attitudes towards schol in some selected secodnary shools in Katsit, Kafanchan, Kaduna State. The study adopted a correlational research design and the population of this study was 200 senior students from four (4) ...

  4. mathematics in secondary schools in Kenya

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    science and mathematics. This explains why, given a similar age cohort of students, boys are more likely to be good in science and mathematics com- pared to girls. Research findings are inconsistent on the effects of single—sex schools on students'performance in mathematics. Some studies (Colley, Comber 8L Har-.

  5. Secondary school teachers' experiences of teaching pregnant ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Parents were not always cooperative towards teachers. It can be concluded that teachers face many dilemmas related to pregnant learners, and this requires a health facilitation model to enable teachers to assist pregnant learners such that they might better benefit from their schooling, and experience a positive health ...

  6. Health promotion in primary and secondary schools in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nabe-Nielsen, Kirsten; Krølner, Rikke; Mortensen, Laust Hvas


    promotion at the school level regardless of socioeconomic status or other background factors. The first aim was to elucidate time trends in the number and types of school health promoting activities by describing the number and type of health promoting activities in primary and secondary schools in Denmark....... The second aim was to investigate which characteristics of schools and students that are associated with participation in many (≥3) versus few (0-2) health promoting activities during the preceding 2-3 years. METHODS: We used cross-sectional data from the 2006- and 2010-survey of the Health Behaviour...

  7. America's Newest Voices: Colombians, Dominicans, Guatemalans and Salvadorans in the United States Examine Their Public Policy Needs. (United States)

    Gold, Rosalind; Vargas, Arturo; DeSipio, Louis; Pachon, Harry

    The public policy needs of Colombians and Dominicans in the New York (New York) area and Salvadorans and Guatemalans in the Los Angeles (California) area were studied through a telephone survey of 1,503 Latinos. The survey population was generally representative of the emerging Latino populations, although the sample contained more immigrants and…

  8. MOOC Integration into Secondary School Courses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hedieh Najafi


    Full Text Available We investigated how high school students taking a university preparatory economics course would engage with the learning and assessment components of a Behavioural Economics MOOC that was integrated into their school-based course. Students were divided into two groups, MOOC-only, with no teacher support, and blended-mode, with weekly tutorials. MOOC only students scored slightly lower on a teacher designed knowledge test but scored slightly higher in a MOOC test. Although the MOOC-only students watched more unique videos, the blended-mode students stayed more on-track with the MOOC. The blended-mode students showed more persistence in retaking quizzes, yet they scored lower than the MOOC-only students.

  9. Study Habits and Academic Performance of Secondary School Students in Mathematic: A Case Study of Selected Secondary Schools in Uyo Local Education Council (United States)

    Sakirudeen, Abisola Oladeni; Sanni, Kudirat Bimbo


    The study examined study habits and academic performance of secondary school students in Mathematics. A case study of selected secondary schools in Uyo Local Education Council. The main purpose of the study was to investigate the relationship between study habits and academic performance of secondary school students in Mathematics. To carry out…

  10. Fairy tales at secondary school English lessons


    Bocharnikova, A. S.; Eremina, S. A.


    The main goal of the modern school is the effectiveness of training. This goal is achieved through a change in the content of the whole activity of both the pupil and the teacher. The teacher's attention is focused on the process of new pedagogical technologies introduction such as application of unconventional forms and elements of training (travel to the land of fairy tale), as well as introduction of integrated lessons (combination of teaching literature and English). Unconventional forms ...

  11. Improving school and community partnership for sustainable quality assurance in secondary schools in Nigeria


    Ayeni, Adeolu Joshua


    The paper highlights the objectives of secondary education, principal’s, teacher’s and student’s tasks in the attainment of quality education in secondary schools. It also examines the effectiveness of school-community partnership in ensuring quality instructional management, resource inputs, process and students’ learning outcomes. The paper concluded that the challenges that principals and teachers faced require effective application of a goal-oriented school and community partnership model...

  12. Taking the conservation biology perspective to secondary school classrooms. (United States)

    Wyner, Yael; Desalle, Rob


    The influence of conservation biology can be enhanced greatly if it reaches beyond undergraduate biology to students at the middle and high school levels. If a conservation perspective were taught in secondary schools, students who are not interested in biology could be influenced to pursue careers or live lifestyles that would reduce the negative impact of humans on the world. We use what we call the ecology-disrupted approach to transform the topics of conservation biology research into environmental-issue and ecology topics, the major themes of secondary school courses in environmental science. In this model, students learn about the importance and complexity of normal ecological processes by studying what goes wrong when people disrupt them (environmental issues). Many studies published in Conservation Biology are related in some way to the ecological principles being taught in secondary schools. Describing research in conservation biology in the language of ecology curricula in secondary schools can help bring these science stories to the classroom and give them a context in which they can be understood by students. Without this context in the curriculum, a science story can devolve into just another environmental issue that has no immediate effect on the daily lives of students. Nevertheless, if the research is placed in the context of larger ecological processes that are being taught, students can gain a better understanding of ecology and a better understanding of their effect on the world.

  13. Public Secondary School Christen Kold - Founder of the Danish

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jindra Kulich


    Full Text Available The article describes the life of Christen Kold, father of the idea of the public secondary school. Kold greatly influenced the development of free schools in Denmark. He was often criticized because some of hi s ideas coincided with those of Grundtvig, scholar and poet, who belonged to the university intelligentsia. In the paper, Jindra Kulich points out the differences and similarities between their ideas. However, when all the myths surrounding the life and work of the two scholars are discarded, there can be little doubt that Kold did in fact conceive what for a long period remained the model for Danish public secondary schools. Although himself not a member of the intelligentsia, he was an important innovator in the sphere of education, and has left a notable trace in Danish public schools as well as in the system of primary education.

  14. Health promotion in primary and secondary schools in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nabe-Nielsen, Kirsten; Krølner, Rikke; Mortensen, Laust Hvas


    promotion at the school level regardless of socioeconomic status or other background factors. The first aim was to elucidate time trends in the number and types of school health promoting activities by describing the number and type of health promoting activities in primary and secondary schools in Denmark......BACKGROUND: Schools are important arenas for interventions among children as health promoting initiatives in childhood is expected to have substantial influence on health and well-being in adulthood. In countries with compulsory school attention, all children could potentially benefit from health....... The second aim was to investigate which characteristics of schools and students that are associated with participation in many (≥3) versus few (0-2) health promoting activities during the preceding 2-3 years. METHODS: We used cross-sectional data from the 2006- and 2010-survey of the Health Behaviour...


    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Islam, S.M.Ariful

    This PhD project investigates how CLT is actually implemented at the micro level in various institutions as per policies made at the macro level. In Bangladeshi secondary school contexts, government and non-government schools both in city and rural areas follow the same curriculum and language te...... of government's policy change initiatives for ELT. This study expects to find new insights for successful ELT in Bangladesh....

  16. Mobile Phone Use in Two Secondary Schools in Tanzania (United States)

    Joyce-Gibbons, Andrew; Galloway, David; Mollel, Andrew; Mgoma, Sylvester; Pima, Madeleke; Deogratias, Enos


    Mobile phone technology in Tanzania has grown rapidly but there is insufficient data on its application in schools. This paper aims to show how students in the first and third year (F1 and F3) teachers in two rural secondary schools perceived its use. F1 and F3 students completed a questionnaire. Teachers and students in F1 and F3 discussed the…

  17. Strategic instruction for a secondary school student with learning disabilities


    Lončar, Simona


    Adolescents with learning disabilities are at leaving primary school and entering secondary school faced with increased autonomy expectations, mainly mastering the basic learning skills and their effective use at acquiring new subject material. However, because of their learning disabilities in the learning, social, cognitive and motivational areas, they often do not manage to reach the increased autonomy expectations. Firstly, at the beginning of my diploma I introduced the results of st...

  18. Educating critical TV viewers in secondary school

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lic. Rocío Díaz Gómez


    Full Text Available Reflecting on the television phenomenon is an increasing necessity. As shown in this report, hundreds are the inquiries about this media that have been carried out in different areas and in the most remote countries. However, research has rarely transcended to the general population and therefore, it has had a scarce impact on forms of TV consumption of our society. Education for the «television competence» becomes the crux of this investigation through the concrete didactic program «Teaching to watch televisión», aimed specifically at students of secondary education. Our main focus is the design and development of curricular materials to enable teachers to work with their students to acquire the necessary «television competence» «to watch» TV in a critical and creative way.

  19. Physical Activity and School Performance: A Survey among Students Not Qualified for Upper Secondary School (United States)

    Ericsson, Ingegerd; Cederberg, Margareta


    Background: Many students leave compulsory school without being qualified to apply for national upper secondary school programmes. Despite efforts, the number of unqualified students in Sweden has increased. Grades from compulsory school have direct implications for students' educational futures and the requirement to qualify for an upper…

  20. Secondary School Students' Interest in Homework: What about Race and School Location? (United States)

    Xu, Jianzhong


    This study examined models of homework interest at the secondary school level to assess whether homework interest varies across race and school location and whether the influence of race on homework interest depends on characteristics of the context (e.g., school location and teacher feedback). Student- and class-level predictors of homework…

  1. Barriers to Education and School Attainment--Evidence from Secondary Schools in Rural Nepal (United States)

    Neupane, Pramila


    This paper examines the inequality in secondary school attainment and its determinants across gender, caste, and ethnic group in rural Nepal. Using the primary data from a questionnaire survey, a series of interviews, and school observations, this study found that girls' school attainment is significantly lower than that of boys'. Similarly,…

  2. Lessons Learned from Secondary Schools Using Technology for School Improvement: It's Just Not That Simple! (United States)

    Levin, Barbara B.; Schrum, Lynne


    The purpose of this article is to describe lessons learned from studying the leadership in eight award-winning secondary schools and districts that were recognized for successfully leveraging technology as part of their efforts for school improvement. Data were collected through observations, interviews, and document analysis in schools and…

  3. Strategies for School Environmental Management in Nigerian Secondary Schools: A Case of Calabar, Nigeria (United States)

    Obong, Linus Beba; Okey, Stella-Maris; Aniah, E. J.; Okaba, Lydia A.


    This paper on strategies for school environmental management in Nigerian secondary schools was carried out in Calabar, Nigeria. To guide the study three research questions were formulated. This was achieved through administration of structured questionnaires in three randomly sampled schools. Findings show regular grass clearing, sweeping of the…

  4. Developing Quality Strategic Plan in Secondary Schools for Successful School Improvement (United States)

    Chukwumah, Fides Okwukweka


    The study examined the extent to which development of quality strategic plans for Anambra State secondary schools' improvement had been done by schools. The research design used was a descriptive survey. Respondents comprised 217 principals. There was no sampling since all the principals were used. Data were collected using "Schools'…

  5. Motivating Teachers' Commitment to Change through Transformational School Leadership in Chinese Urban Upper Secondary Schools (United States)

    Liu, Peng


    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine the effects of transformational school leadership on teachers' commitment to change and the effects of organizational and teachers' factors on teachers' perception of transformational school leadership in the Chinese urban upper secondary school context. Design/methodology/approach: The paper mainly…

  6. Investigating Associations between School Climate and Bullying in Secondary Schools: Multilevel Contextual Effects Modeling (United States)

    Konishi, Chiaki; Miyazaki, Yasuo; Hymel, Shelley; Waterhouse, Terry


    This study examined how student reports of bullying were related to different dimensions of school climate, at both the school and the student levels, using a contextual effects model in a two-level multilevel modeling framework. Participants included 48,874 secondary students (grades 8 to 12; 24,244 girls) from 76 schools in Western Canada.…

  7. Principals and School Reform: Barriers to Inclusion in Three Secondary Schools. (United States)

    Powell, Donna; Hyle, Adrienne E.


    Uses explanatory case studies to examine three midwestern secondary schools' adoption of inclusion, based on Michael Fullan's views concerning the principal's pivotal role in school reform efforts. Findings support Fullan's perspectives and indicate lack of understanding about inclusion. Although the schools claimed to have implemented inclusive…

  8. A Conceptual Model for School-Based Management Operation and Quality Assurance in Nigerian Secondary Schools (United States)

    Ayeni, Adeolu Joshua; Ibukun, Williams Olusola


    This paper examined the School-Based Management Committee's (SBMC) involvement and effectiveness in school governance, curriculum implementation and students' learning outcomes in Nigerian secondary schools; the major challenges facing effective operation of SBMCs were identified as low capacity of key members of the SBMCs; poor attendance of…

  9. Immigrant Status, Gender, and School Burnout in Finnish Lower Secondary School Students: A Longitudinal Study (United States)

    Salmela-Aro, Katariina; Read, Sanna; Minkkinen, Jaana; Kinnunen, Jaana M.; Rimpelä, Arja


    The aim of this longitudinal study among 9223 students from grade 7 and grade 9 (age 13-14 and 15-16) was to assess whether immigrant status and gender are associated with the level and change (slope) in school burnout among lower secondary school students in the Helsinki metropolitan area. Ninety-seven percent of the variation in school burnout…

  10. Innovation and effectiveness: changing the scope of school nurses in New Zealand secondary schools. (United States)

    Kool, Bridget; Thomas, David; Moore, Dennis; Anderson, Angelika; Bennetts, Phillipa; Earp, Karlynne; Dawson, Dianne; Treadwell, Nicky


    To describe the changing role of school nurses in eight New Zealand (NZ) secondary schools from low socio-economic areas with high Pacific Island and Māori rolls. An evaluation of a pilot addressing under-achievement in low-decile schools in Auckland, NZ (2002-05). Annual semi-structured school nurse interviews and analysis of routinely collected school health service data were undertaken. Two patterns of school nurse operation were identified: an embracing pattern, where nurses embraced the concept of providing school-based health services; and a Band-Aid pattern, where only the basics for student health care were provided by school nurses. School nurses with an embracing pattern of practice provided more effective school-based health services. School health services are better served by nurses with structured postgraduate education that fosters the development of a nurse-practitioner role. Co-ordination of school nurses either at a regional or national level is required.

  11. School Location, School Section and Students' Gender as Predictors to Secondary School Dropout Rate in Rivers State, Nigeria (United States)

    Christian, Mathew


    This study was undertaken to underscore the extent the variables of school location, students' gender and school section can predict the rate of drop out of secondary school students. Ex post facto design was adopted and all data on students' enrollment, retention and completion were collected from available schools' records for two cohorts of…

  12. School polices, programmes and facilities, and objectively measured sedentary time, LPA and MVPA: associations in secondary school and over the transition from primary to secondary school. (United States)

    Morton, Katie L; Corder, Kirsten; Suhrcke, Marc; Harrison, Flo; Jones, Andy P; van Sluijs, Esther M F; Atkin, Andrew J


    There is increasing policy interest in ensuring that the school environment supports healthy behaviours. We examined the cross-sectional and longitudinal associations between schools' policies, programmes and facilities for physical activity (PA) and adolescents' objectively-measured activity intensity during the school day and lunchtime. Accelerometer-derived PA (proportion of time spent in sedentary (SED), light PA (LPA) and moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA)) during school hours and lunchtime from 325 participants in the SPEEDY study were obtained from baseline measurements (primary school, age 9/10 years) and +4y follow-up (secondary school). School environment characteristics were assessed by teacher questionnaire. Multivariable multi-level linear regression analyses accounting for school and adjusted for sex, age, BMI and family socio-economic status assessed cross-sectional associations with lunchtime and school-day SED, LPA and MVPA; effect modification by sex was investigated. The association of changes in school environment with changes in outcomes was examined using multivariable cross-classified linear regression models. There were significant differences between primary and secondary schools for 6/10 school environment characteristics investigated (including secondary schools reporting shorter breaks, more lunchtime PA opportunities, and higher number of sports facilities). Cross-sectional analyses showed that boys attending secondary schools with longer breaks spent significantly less time in SED and more time in MVPA during the school day. Longitudinally, an increase in break-time duration between primary and secondary school was associated with smaller reductions in MVPA during the school day. Moreover, participants who moved from a primary school that did not provide opportunities for PA at lunchtime to a secondary school that did provide such opportunities exhibited smaller increases in SED and smaller reductions in MVPA at lunchtime. Schools should

  13. Determinants of Sexual Violence among Eastern Ethiopian Secondary School Students

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    MA Bekele, A.B.


    The purpose of this dissertation was to investigate the determinants of sexual violence among Eastern Ethiopia secondary school students. To this end, we studied risk and protective factors for both sexual violence perpetration and victimization, and the moderating role of protective factors on the

  14. Preparation for Transnationalism: Changes in China's Top Secondary Schools (United States)

    Gordon, June A.; Liu, Xiangyan


    This article argues that new international programs within public secondary schools in China represent a vigorous and legitimatized approach to meeting the demands of newly affluent Chinese families for pre-collegiate education that equals the best international standards and constitutes preparation for higher education at the leading universities…

  15. Knowledge, Attitude And Practice Of Secondary School Teachers ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This study examined the knowledge and practices of 209 public secondary school teachers in Onitsha metropolis, Anambra State, Nigeria towards HIV/AIDS in order to assess their level of preparedness to deliver qualitative HIV/AIDS education within the context of a comprehensive sexuality education program. This has ...

  16. Teaching Quantum Physics in Upper Secondary School in France: (United States)

    Lautesse, Philippe; Vila Valls, Adrien; Ferlin, Fabrice; Héraud, Jean-Loup; Chabot, Hugues


    One of the main problems in trying to understand quantum physics is the nature of the referent of quantum theory. This point is addressed in the official French curriculum in upper secondary school. Starting in 2012, after about 20 years of absence, quantum physics has returned to the national program. On the basis of the historical construction…

  17. Barriers to school sport participation: A survey among secondary ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The primary aim of this study was to determine factors affecting sport participation among 197 (103 females and 94 males) students aged 15–18 years (mean age: 16.5 years; s = 0.8 years) who were drawn from three secondary schools in Pretoria, South Africa. A self-administered questionnaire was used to collect data.

  18. Secondary School Teachers' Knowledge Level of the Concepts of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... or to contextualize examples and questions they ask. Therefore there should be well planned environmental education for both pre-service and in-service teachers specifically synchronized with the secondary school curriculum. This should go together with more comprehensive geography syllabus and teachers guide.

  19. Entrepreneurial Attitude and Entrepreneurial Efficacy of Technical Secondary School Students (United States)

    Zaidatol Akmaliah, Lope Pihie; Bagheri, Afsaneh


    Entrepreneurial attitude and entrepreneurial efficacy are considered to be two important factors influencing students' intention and success in becoming entrepreneurs. This study was conducted to determine the entrepreneurial attitude and entrepreneurial efficacy of 3000 students following technical subjects in the secondary schools of Malaysia.…

  20. Information Use for Staff Collegiality in Public Secondary Schools in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Six hundred teachers and sixty principals in Anambra State were selected using simple random sampling technique. Data collected were analysed using mean scores. Results indicate that secondary school staff in Anambra State has not been able to use information to enhance staff collegiality among their staff.

  1. Constructing Ability Groups in the Secondary School: Issues in Practice. (United States)

    Ireson, Judith; Clark, Helen; Hallam, Susan


    Examines grouping practices in 45 secondary schools in England based on information provided by curriculum managers and department heads about allocation procedures, factors affecting the size and number of student groups, movement between groups, pressures and constraints on movement, and behavioral and motivational factors. Finds wide variety of…

  2. Family Communication On HIV/AIDS Among Secondary School ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Family Communication On HIV/AIDS Among Secondary School Students In A Northern State Of Nigeria. ... African Journal of Infectious Diseases ... Yet the issue of how to help youth avoid risky sexual behaviour through family communication / education on HIV/AIDS is still of serious arguments within the society. This study ...

  3. Misplaced Heritage Language Learners of Japanese in Secondary Schools (United States)

    Oguro, Susan; Moloney, Robyn


    While heritage language learners are becoming visible in the research literature as a distinct group of language learners with specific needs, existing curriculum structures in secondary schools often focus on programs either for foreign language learners or for first language learners. The study reported here examines the experiences of heritage…

  4. Junior Secondary School Students' Conceptions about Plate Tectonics (United States)

    Mills, Reece; Tomas, Louisa; Lewthwaite, Brian


    There are ongoing calls for research that identifies students' conceptions about geographical phenomena. In response, this study investigates junior secondary school students' (N = 95) conceptions about plate tectonics. Student response data was generated from semi-structured interviews-about-instances and a two-tiered multiple-choice test…

  5. Latin America in World Geography Textbooks for the Secondary School. (United States)

    Andereck, Mary E.; Dixon, Clifton V., Jr.

    The purpose of this study was to quantitatively analyze the Latin American content of contemporary world geography textbooks published for United States secondary schools. A preliminary review of the literature indicated that Latin America was generally omitted from world geography texts, Central America was given minimal attention, and…

  6. marijuana smoking among secondary school students in zaria

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Emmanuel Ameh

    Reprint requests to: Dr. A. U. Shehu, Department of Community Medicine, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, ... Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study was employed to generate data among secondary school students. A multi-stage sampling technique was used. ..... others reported happiness and relaxation as their.

  7. Curbing the Global Culture of Violence in Nigerian Secondary Schools

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Nekky Umera

    social problem solving, conflict resolution, empathy and anger management. Thus, a research was carried out to investigate if the teaching of empathy and anger management can curb the global culture of violence in the secondary school students in Uyo Local Government Area. The recommendation in this paper is mainly ...

  8. Problem Solving in Swedish Mathematics Textbooks for Upper Secondary School (United States)

    Brehmer, Daniel; Ryve, Andreas; Van Steenbrugge, Hendrik


    The aim of this study is to analyse how mathematical problem solving is represented in mathematical textbooks for Swedish upper secondary school. The analysis comprises dominating Swedish textbook series, and relates to uncovering (a) the quantity of tasks that are actually mathematical problems, (b) their location in the chapter, (c) their…

  9. The age at menarche amongst secondary school girls in Sokoto ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background: Several studies suggest that menarche tends to appear earlier in life as sanitary, nutritional and economic conditions of a society improve. Aim / Objective: To determine the age at menarche amongst secondary school girls in Sokoto metropolis and the influence of socio-economic status on this parameter.

  10. Substance use among secondary school students in rural and urban ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    For the majority of respondents, initiation into drug use started at a very early age (14 years or below). The majority were mild current users of the drugs, except tobacco for which the majority were daily users. Conclusion: Secondary school students in south western Nigeria engage in use of commonly available drugs like ...

  11. Teen and Parent Perceptions of a Secondary School Family Course (United States)

    Stonely, Heather M.; Klein, Shirley R.


    Adolescent and parent focus groups were conducted to do a needs assessment and discover possible topics for a secondary school family class. Results included identifying teen and parent family-related needs and societal concerns; discovering where teens currently learn about family life; and receiving teen and parent feedback about a proposed…

  12. What Greek Secondary School Students Believe about Climate Change? (United States)

    Liarakou, Georgia; Athanasiadis, Ilias; Gavrilakis, Costas


    The purpose of this study was to investigate what Greek secondary school students (grades 8 and 11) believe about the greenhouse effect and climate change. A total of 626 students completed a closed-form questionnaire consisting of statements regarding the causes, impacts and solutions for this global environmental issue. The possible influence of…

  13. A Survey of ICT Usage across English Secondary Schools (United States)

    Savage, Jonathan


    The use of information and communication technologies (ICT) is a statutory component of the Key Stages 2 and 3 National Curricula in the UK. This research presents findings from a national survey of the availability and usage of ICT in music classrooms within English secondary schools. It also examined a range of issues related to the training and…

  14. Swedish Lower Secondary School Teachers' Perceptions and Experiences Regarding Homework (United States)

    Gu, Limin; Kristoffersson, Margaretha


    This study investigates homework in Swedish lower secondary schools: teachers' perceptions and experiences about it and their understanding of its potentials and challenges for students' learning and development. Data collected through an online survey (N = 201) mixed standardized questions and open questions. Descriptive statistics and…

  15. Predicting Students' Homework Environment Management at the Secondary School Level (United States)

    Xu, Jianzhong


    The present study examined empirical models of variables posited to predict students' homework environment management at the secondary school level. The participants were 866 8th graders from 61 classes and 745 11th graders from 46 classes. Most of the variance in homework environment management occurred at the student level, with classmates'…

  16. Homework Completion at the Secondary School Level: A Multilevel Analysis (United States)

    Xu, Jianzhong


    The author aimed to test empirical models of variables posited to predict homework completion at the secondary school level. Student- and class-level predictors of homework completion were analyzed in a survey of 1,046 8th-grade students from 63 classes and of 849 11th-grade students from 48 classes. Most of the variance in homework completion…

  17. Treatment duration of topics in senior secondary school core ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The purpose of the study was to investigate whether the intended time of 160 minutes per week for 96 weeks was adequate for the treatment of the SSS Core Mathematics. The study used simple random sampling method to select two mixed, two single-sex female and two single-sex male Senior Secondary Schools in the ...

  18. Knowledge, attitude and practices of adolescent secondary school ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Twenty-one percent had ever had sex under influence of alcohol or marijuana. 55% were willing to be tested, however none had been tested. CONCLUSION: Senior secondary school students in Uvwie have a fairly good knowledge of AIDS, and poor attitude towards people living with AIDS. Few are sexually active and are ...

  19. Spanish for Secondary Schools: A Guide to Minimum Essentials. (United States)

    Leamon, M. Phillip, Ed.

    This curriculum outline provides a set of minimum essentials, based on a modified audiolingual approach, for secondary school programs in Spanish. Following a brief discussion of the need for longer study sequences and updated instructional philosophy, the guide describes the basic objectives, contents, and suggested teaching procedures for each…

  20. Stages of Gender Education in Canadian Secondary Schools (United States)

    Zhukovskyi, Vasyl; Kostiuk, Olha


    The article deals with the issue of educational preconditions of gender education formation and development in Canadian secondary schools. On the basis of conducted scientific and pedagogical literature analysis it has been determined that gender education has undergone three main stages and is currently developing during its fourth, modern…

  1. Immigrants’ children’s transition to secondary school in Italy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Barban, Nicola; White, Michael J.


    Choosing a secondary school represents an important step in the lives of students in Italy, in that it has a strong bearing on their ultimate educational achievement and labor force trajectory. In this article, we analyze the effect of generational status and length of residence on the transition to

  2. attitude of secondary school students towards guidance and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Elizabeth Egbochuku

    counsellors should be posted to practice and create awareness of guidance and counselling services. Introduction. Guidance and counselling as the third force in education along with instruction, is an integral part of educational system. Guidance programmes for secondary school students are designed to address the.

  3. Philosophy of education and the Africanization of secondary school ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The essence of restructuring and Africanizing secondary school curriculum to accommodate the attributes of Kenyan philosophy of education together with African philosophical thinking is inevitable not only in Kenya, but also in the entire continent of Africa. Ministry of Education Science and Technology (MoEST, 2004: 21) ...

  4. Climate Change Management in Secondary Schools in Cross River ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The study was designed to ascertain the relationship between funding, training programmes and management of climate change in secondary schools in Cross River State, Nigeria. To achieve the purpose, two hypotheses were formulated. A survey research design of the study consisted of 200 principals randomly sampled ...

  5. Resources for Chemistry Teaching in Secondary Schools in Akwa ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This study investigated the status of human and material resources for effective implementation of the new chemistry curriculum for secondary schools in Nigeria in Akwa Ibom state. To achieve the objectives of the study, two research questions were raised. Ex-post-facto design was used. The sample consisted of 105 ...

  6. Secondary school learners\\' essays on suicide prevention | Pillay ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Methods: The present study is an analysis of 63 essays written by secondary school learners on the subject of suicide prevention. Results: Just over two-thirds of the essays revealed reasonable knowledge without serious inaccuracies, with over half the sample citing conflict with parents as precipitants to suicidal behaviour.

  7. Correlates of Examination Malpractice in Secondary Schools in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The main purpose of this study was to investigate correlates and factors of examination malpractice in secondary schools in Cross River State, Nigeria. One thousand two hundred (1200) students were randomly sampled for the study, using ex-post facto research design with standard questionnaires for data collection.

  8. Appraising Composing in Secondary-School Music Lessons (United States)

    Major, Angela E.


    The aim of this paper is to define music appraisal and to explore the role that talk plays in the process of helping pupils in secondary school music lessons to develop their appraisal skills. This paper offers a definition of appraisal, and traces its developing role in the National Curriculum in England since the early 1990s. The role of…

  9. Secondary School Art: A Case for Increased Senior Management Support (United States)

    Etherington, Margaret


    This case study explores the way that school art in England remains a marginalised subject at secondary level, despite the expansion of art-based career opportunities. A recent government document evaluating art, craft and design education highlights the potential role of head teachers in raising an art department's profile. The current study…

  10. The Technology Leadership Competencies of Elementary and Secondary School Directors (United States)

    Yorulmaz, Alper; Can, Süleyman


    The aim of this study was to investigate the elementary and secondary school directors' technology leadership competencies in relation to some demographic features such as age, length of service and the state of whether taking in-service technology training. The universe of the current study employing descriptive survey model was comprised of 129…

  11. Secondary school girls' knowledge, attitudes and sexual behaviour ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Contraceptives are freely available for all women in South Africa (SA). Nevertheless, the numbers of teenage pregnancies continue to increase. Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are major public health concern. The study explored secondary school girls' knowledge, attitudes and behaviour regarding emergency ...

  12. Leadership Lost: A Case Study in Three Selective Secondary Schools (United States)

    Jarvis, Adrian


    Research has long accorded heads of subject departments a key middle leadership role in secondary schools. Unfortunately, researchers have found that the exact nature of this leadership is "blurred" in that it is difficult to isolate its distinctive qualities. In addition, there are also debates concerning whether professional and emotional…

  13. Mathematics Engagement in an Australian Lower Secondary School (United States)

    Norton, Stephen


    The importance of actively engaging in mathematics discourse in order to learn mathematics is well recognized. In this paper, I use Basil Bernstein's concepts of pedagogic discourse to document and analyse academic learning time of students in Years 8 and 9 at a suburban lower secondary school: in particular, for what proportion of class time…

  14. Determining Factors in Secondary School Students' Choice of Physics

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Using survey research approach, the predictive power of certain characteristics of physics curriculum, social factors, as well as some students‟ characteristics (11 predictor variables) on choice of physics were assessed. The study involved 384 students randomly selected from 14 public senior secondary schools in Ibadan ...

  15. Paradoxical Inequalities: Adolescent Peer Relations in Indian Secondary Schools (United States)

    Milner, Murray, Jr.


    Peer relationships in secondary schools in two different cultural areas of India are compared. A general theory of status relations and a specification of the distinctive cultural features of each area are used to explain the observed differences in peer inequality, clique formation, petty deviance, putdowns, fashion consciousness, romantic…

  16. Dress and Appearance Codes in Public Secondary School Handbooks. (United States)

    Herbon, Beth; Workman, Jane E.


    Analyzed and compared dress and appearance codes from 154 secondary school handbooks. Unacceptable dress and appearance was listed more frequently that acceptable or required dress; concerns about health, safety, and modesty were reflected; and 80 percent included a statement that dress should not be disruptive to the educational process.…

  17. Breaking the mathematics phobia of secondary school students ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... the discovery method; inquiry method among others. It is in the light of the above that, this paper examines the use of behaviour method of teaching mathematics to alleviate the Mathematics Phobia among secondary school students. African Journal of Educational Studies in Mathematics and Sciences Vol. 2(1) 2004: 39- ...

  18. Effects of Self-Instructional Learning Strategy on Secondary Schools ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The study investigated the effects of self-instructional learning strategy on students‟ achievement in solving Mathematical word problems. The research determined whether self-instructional learning strategy has significant effects on the learning achievement of senior secondary school students. Three research questions ...

  19. Retention of Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Skills in Nigerian Secondary School Students (United States)

    Onyeaso, Adedamola Olutoyin


    Background/Objective: For effective bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), retention of CPR skills after the training is central. The objective of this study was to find out how much of the CPR skills a group of Nigerian secondary school students would retain six weeks after their first exposure to the conventional CPR training. Materials…

  20. Meaning in work of secondary school teachers: A qualitative study ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Meaning in work of secondary school teachers: A qualitative study. ... The main mechanisms identified were putting effort into preparations, while this group of participants reported that meaning leads to the experience of happiness and personal satisfaction. Although most of these findings support those in the broader ...

  1. Efficiency of the Primary and Secondary Schools in Sweden. (United States)

    Heshmati, Almas; Kumbhakar, Subal C.


    The efficiency of 286 Swedish municipalities in the provision of elementary and secondary school education in 1993-94 was studied through stochastic frontier production with the estimation of production- and cost-function models. Empirical results show that most operate at 85 to 100% efficiency. (SLD)

  2. Junior Secondary School Students' Ideas of Chemical Change ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The study examined Junior Secondary School students' ideas about chemical change. The study also focused on the identification of misconceptions that students might harbour on this concept. It also sought to examine the implications of such ideas for teaching and learning of science at the basic level. Students selected ...

  3. Occupational aspirations of female secondary school students in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Occupational aspirations of female secondary school students in Borno State, Nigeria. ... The Spearman Rank Correlation Coefficient was used to determine the level of relationship between the occupational aspirations of boarding and day female students with regard to occupational aspirations at .05 probability level.

  4. Internet Usage by Nigerian Secondary School Students: A Case ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This study investigated the use, extent of use, and the specific purposes for which secondary school students in Nigeria use the Internet. It also studied the factors responsible for the widespread or limited use of the Internet. The study location for this research is limited to Ibadan and its environs. While 20 cyber cafés in ...

  5. Teacher appraisal in Botswana secondary schools: a critical analysis

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Teacher appraisal in Botswana secondary schools: a critical analysis. ... It emerged that many teachers viewed the current teacher appraisal system in Botswana as demoralising, even threatening. Our study confirmed the thesis that ... There is hardly a country in the world where teacher appraisal is not a contentious issue.

  6. A Study of Secondary School Students' Academic Performance at ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The study employed a descriptive survey research design. An instrument titled: Students' Academic Performance in English Language and Mathematics Questionnaire (SAPEMQ) was used to collect relevant data for the study. The ten secondary schools involved were selected based on simple randomsampling technique ...

  7. Study habits among senior secondary school students in some ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... significantly from students from low socio-economic homes. The recommendations made include (i) the need to teach study skills to senior secondary school students so that they can all cultivate good and effective study habits; and (ii) equal opportunities for studying should be provided to all students irrespective of sex.

  8. Secondary School Students' Perception of Forestry and Wildlife ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)


    Students' preference for some professions like medicine, law, engineering etc. which enjoy high esteem in the society; under-representation of Forestry and Wildlife Management in secondary school curricula; and inadequate knowledge of its career prospects, were the major reasons for the high disinterest in studying the.

  9. Knowledge and Attitude of Public Secondary School Teachers ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The study investigated knowledge and attitude of public secondary school teachers towards continuous assessment (CA) practices in Edo Central Senatorial District, Nigeria. The study was undertaken to determine the influence of gender, age, years of experience and area of educational specialization on teachers' attitude ...

  10. attitude of secondary school students towards guidance and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Elizabeth Egbochuku

    conflict between them and in most cases teachers and principals who believe in the need for ... Edet (2008) on her research with 99 subjects, on parents‟ and teachers‟ perception of vocational guidance in secondary schools in. Calabar metropolis discovered that teachers perception/attitude towards vocational guidance ...

  11. 365 Self-Concept and Secondary School Students' Academic ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)



    Jan 18, 2011 ... on physics students' academic achievement in secondary schools. The study ... Where he perceives himself as successful, this will affect his efforts in his academic work. This implies that attempt should therefore be made by each student to dwell more .... Self Identity Pattern of Selected University. Students.

  12. Investigation of the Secondary School Students' Images of Scientists (United States)

    Akgün, Abuzer


    The overall purpose of this study is to explore secondary school students' images of scientists. In addition to this comprehensive purpose, it is also investigated that if these students' current images of scientists and those in which they see themselves as a scientist in the near future are consistent or not. The study was designed in line with…

  13. Disaster preparedness in secondary schools in Ruiru Division ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Objective: To establish common disasters, preparedness and management in secondary school in Ruiru Division, Kiambu County, Kenya. Design: Descriptive cross-sectional study. Subjects: Out of the target population a hundred and twenty (120) respondents were selected from the students, teachers and the support staff.

  14. Stress and Job Satisfaction among Secondary School Principals in Texas (United States)

    Romney, Angela G.


    The role of a secondary school principal continues to expand and increase principals' daily workload. The high stakes testing environment also places pressure on principals to ensure that students score high on standardized tests. With a heavy workload, principals find themselves faced with numerous work-related stressors that influence job…

  15. Gender differences in junior secondary school pupils' intention to ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The study investigated the intentions to participate in elective mathematics of JSS pupils. The purposive sampling method was used to select nine Junior Secondary Schools in the Cape coast Municipality involving 581 pupils. Questionnaires on intention to participate in elective mathematics were used to gather data.

  16. Effect of Team Teaching on Secondary School Students ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of team teaching on students' achievement in Secondary School Business Studies in Onitsha North Local Government area of Anambra State. A population of one hundred and eighty students from the local Government Area were randomly selected for the study and it was a ...

  17. The Influence of Gender on Junior Secondary School Students ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This paper is on the influence of gender on junior secondary school student's attitude towards mathematics in Ovia North East local government area of Edo state. The descriptive survey design was employed for the study. The population of the study comprised of all the JSS3 students, a total of Three Thousand Six Hundred ...

  18. Implementation of sunshine sports in secondary schools in Tianjin ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    A standardized questionnaire was used to obtain information regarding time allocation, extracurricular activities, teacher qualifications and facilities. The results showed that in 64.71% of the secondary schools the time allocation for physical activity fell short of the recommended 60 minutes per day for moderate to vigorous ...

  19. Secondary school teacher education in Ethiopia: practices and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The Ministry of Education introduced a new teacher education program for secondary schools, Postgraduate Diploma in Teaching (PGDT), in 2011. This study explores the practices and major challenges hindering the implementation of the program. A total of 557 participants (trainees, instructors, program coordinators, ...

  20. Knowledge of reproductive health issues among secondary school ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Knowledge of reproductive health issues among secondary school adolescents in Calabar, Nigeria. ... There were also misconceptions on the frequency of coitus that could result in pregnancy and prevention of sexually transmitted infections. Following the two-day workshop, the number of participants knowledgeable about ...

  1. Junior Secondary School Students' Ideas of Chemical Change

    African Journals Online (AJOL)


    Items 1 - 10 ... Abstract. The study examined Junior Secondary School students' ideas about chemical change. The study ... It also sought to examine the implications of such ideas for teaching and learning of science at the basic level. ..... by the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS), computer software for windows.

  2. Changes in Grouping Practices over Primary and Secondary School (United States)

    Baines, Ed; Blatchford, Peter; Kutnick, Peter


    The research detailed in this paper provides a systematic description and analysis of classroom grouping practices in primary and secondary schools in England. Practices are compared to main findings in developmental and educational literature with regard to effective contexts for learning and recent ideas about pedagogy. The research is based on…

  3. Level Of Teachers' Job Satisfaction In Ogun State Secondary Schools

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The study determined the level of job satisfaction among Secondary school teachers in Ogun State. Four research questions were raised to guide the study. The descriptive survey research method was used. Four hundred teachers were randomly selected to participate in the study from Ijebu-North and Ijebu-Ode Local ...

  4. Conflict Management in Kenyan Secondary Schools | Iravo | KCA ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    KCA Journal of Business Management ... Abstract. The purpose of this study was to examine conflict management in organizations as experienced in Kenyan secondary schools. Using a ... In spite of the limitations of our study these results reflect the central role conflict management plays in achieving organizational goals.

  5. Drug Use in a Rural Secondary School in Kenya (United States)

    Ndetei, David M.; Khasakhala, Lincoln I.; Mutiso, Victoria; Ongecha-Owuor, Francisca A.; Kokonya, Donald A.


    Alcohol abuse and alcohol-related use problems among adolescents are highly prevalent and are a major concern worldwide. This study estimated the prevalence of drug abuse, knowledge about drug abuse and its effect on psychosocial well-being and induced behavioral problems among students of a public rural secondary school that admitted both girls…

  6. Impact Of Health Education On Secondary School Students ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the students\\' knowledge of HIV/AIDS and their attitude towards people living with HIV/AIDS as well as ... It was therefore recommended that health education on HIV/AIDS should form an integral part of the current campaign against HIV/AIDS in secondary schools.

  7. Digital Libraries in the Classroom: Secondary School Teachers' Conception (United States)

    Abrizah, A.; Zainab, A. N.


    This paper presents findings from a case study investigating secondary school teachers' understanding of the term digital libraries and their relationship with learning. The study addresses two research questions: (1) How do teachers conceptualize digital libraries, their relevance and issues relating to their integration into the curriculum? and…

  8. Knowledge, attitude and practices of adolescent secondary school ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Knowledge, attitude and practices of adolescent secondary school students in Uvwie Local Government Area of Delta State of HIV/AIDS. ... RESULTS: All had heard of AIDS, of which 40% cited the media as source of information. Seventy four percent knew the cause to be a virus, 63% could differentiate between AIDS and ...

  9. Philosophy and Ethics in Western Australian Secondary Schools (United States)

    Millett, Stephan; Tapper, Alan


    The introduction of Philosophy and Ethics to the Western Australian Certificate of Education courses in 2008 brought philosophy into the Western Australian secondary school curriculum for the first time. How philosophy came to be included is part of a larger story about the commitment and perseverance of a relatively small number of Australian…

  10. Teaching Problem Solving in Secondary School Mathematics Classrooms (United States)

    Lam, Toh Tin; Guan, Tay Eng; Seng, Quek Khiok; Hoong, Leong Yew; Choon, Toh Pee; Him, Ho Foo; Jaguthsing, Dindyal


    This paper reports an innovative approach to teaching problem solving in secondary school mathematics classrooms based on a specifically designed problem-solving module.This approach adopts the science practical paradigm and rides on the works of Polya and Schoenfeld in order to give greater emphasis to the problem solving processes. We report the…

  11. Effect of Team Teaching on Secondary School Students ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)


    Abstract. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of team teaching on students' achievement in Secondary School Business Studies in Onitsha. North Local Government area of Anambra State. A population of one hundred and eighty students from the local Government Area were randomly selected for the study ...

  12. Teacher quality and quantity as correlates of secondary school ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This study investigated the twin variables of quality and quantity of teachers as correlates of secondary school academic performance in Ogun State of Nigeria between 1997/98 and 2000/2001 academic sessions. The study was conducted ex-post facto under a descriptive survey research design using the proportional to ...

  13. Correlates of managerial variables and secondary school teachers ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This study was designed to ascertain the relationship between managerial variables and secondary school teachers' job performance in Cross River State. To achieve the purpose of this study, two hypothesis were formulated. Ex-post Facto research design was adopted for the study. Samples of two hundred (200) teachers ...

  14. Motivational Strategies and Possible Influence on Secondary School ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This study investigated the influence of motivational strategies on teachers' teaching performance in public secondary schools in Uyo – Urban, Akwa Ibom State. One hypothesis was formed to guide the study and Expo Facto design was adopted for the study. A sample of three hundred and sixty (360) teachers were ...

  15. Some affective characteristics as correlates of secondary school ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The purpose of this study was to determine whether some affective characteristics could be used as correlates of secondary school students' performance in mathematics in Cross River State. A survey data from a sample of 500 students were used in the study. A total of three hypotheses were tested using the One-way ...

  16. Media and Sexism (An Instructional Manual for Secondary School Teachers). (United States)

    Byerly, Carolyn M.

    This manual presents background information and teaching activities for secondary school instruction on the relationship of sex roles and the media in American society. Section I provides background for teachers by defining basic terms, presenting a brief history of the mass media, and discussing why media are thought to play a strong role in…

  17. A case study for timetabling in a Dutch secondary school

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Haan, P.; Landman, Ronald; Post, Gerhard F.; Ruizenaar, H.W.A.; Burke, Edmund K.; Rudová, Hana


    This paper describes a case study for constructing the yearly schedule of a secondary school in the Netherlands. This construction is divided in three steps. In the first step we create cluster schemes containing the optional subjects. A cluster scheme consists of cluster lines, and a cluster line

  18. Suicide ideation: A study of secondary school learners in Limpopo ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Suicide attempt by young people has become a trend lately and most parents are left confused when a young person decides to commit suicide. A suicidal behaviour is associated with unbearable internal state of pains. This study investigated the views of learners on the causes of suicide attempts at a secondary school in ...

  19. Corporal punishment and disciplinary control of secondary school ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This study was carried out to examine and analyze the use of corporal punishment in disciplinary control of secondary schools students in Delta State. Two research questions were raised and one hypothesis was generated and tested. 515 principals were selected through the use of the multi-stage random sampling ...

  20. The Influence of Gender on Junior Secondary School Students ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)


    Abstract. This paper is on the influence of gender on junior secondary school student's attitude towards mathematics in Ovia North East local government area of Edo state. The descriptive survey design was employed for the study. The population of the study comprised of all the JSS3 students, a total of Three Thousand Six.

  1. Sexual Abuse among Female Secondary School Students in Jos ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background: Female sexual abuse is one of the most stressful life events and is associated with many adverse consequences including physical and mental health problems, substance abuse and criminality Methods: This study was a cross sectional study that was conducted among female secondary school students in ...

  2. Stalking and Related Harassment of Secondary School Counselors (United States)

    Romans, John S. C.; Hays, Joni R.; Pearson, Christy; Duroy, L. Chris; Carlozzi, Barbara


    In a study of stalking in secondary schools, 140 respondents reported they had been stalked, with perpetrators being evenly distributed between students and non-students. The largest non-student group of perpetrators was parents of students. Harassing phone calls and threatening correspondence constituted most of the stalking behaviors, but…

  3. Doing Multisensory Ethnography In Classroom Study In Danish Secondary Schools

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Falkenberg, Helene


    The thesis of this Ph.D. is new forms of organizing the secondary school in Denmark and the potential of these organizational forms as inclusive learning environments. I´m inspired by multisensory ethnography (Pink, 2011a, 2011b) in my study of the ways the students are categorized into included...

  4. An assessment of public secondary school teachers' use of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    An assessment of public secondary school teachers' use of information resources in Abeokuta North Local Government Area of Ogun State. ... The major purposes for consulting information sources among the teachers were to prepare for classroom teaching and obtain examination questions. The study also revealed that ...

  5. Body Mass Index Of Nigerian Adolescent Urban Secondary School Girls

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Onyiriuka Alphonsus N.


    Full Text Available Background and Aims: Body mass index (BMI is an inexpensive and easy-to-perform method of screening for weight status, which may have detrimental health consequences. The aim of our study was to assess the pattern of BMI among Nigerian adolescent secondary school girls and determine the prevalence of underweight, overweight and obesity among them.

  6. Fair Equality of Opportunity and Selective Secondary Schools (United States)

    Mason, Andrew


    Can selecting on the basis of academic ability at secondary school level be reconciled with equality of opportunity? One common view is that although the two can be reconciled in principle, for various contingent reasons selection tends to undermine equality of opportunity in practice, for example, it tends to advantage children who have been…

  7. Perception on dental appearance among secondary school students ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background: In the period of adolescence, dental appearance takes on significant importance in the construction of personal identity and this may influence psychological adjustment and relationship status. Objective: To determine perception on dental appearance among adolescents in Kigali secondary schools. Material ...

  8. Carriage of Staphylococcus aureus on armpits of secondary school ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    A study of carriage of Staphylococcus aureus on armpits and factors affecting it was carried out on 50 students from Community Secondary School, Oroworokwu, Port Harcourt and 50 University of Port Harcourt students. Samples were inoculated onto mannitol salt agar plates and coagulate positive S. aureus isolates were ...

  9. Multiple Sex Partner and Risk Behaviour Among Secondary School ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Tanzania is realizing increase in adolescents engaged in multiple sex partner behaviour and premarital sex. The objective of this study was to assess the awareness of multiple sex partner behaviour and risk factors among secondary school students in Moshi, Tanzania. Anonymously, questionnaires were completed by 360 ...

  10. Understanding Militant Teacher Union Members' Activities in Secondary Schools (United States)

    Mahlangu, Vimbi P.


    This article investigates the activities of teacher unions in some Gauteng secondary schools in South Africa. The methods used in collecting data were questionnaires, interviews and a literature study of appropriate educational and labour law journals, books and newspapers. An interpretive paradigm was used in analysing the data. In this article,…

  11. Assessment of the Implementation of the Secondary School Skill ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This study was conducted to assess how the Nigerian secondary school vocational and technical education curriculum was implemented with a view to ascertain the extent to which it has empowered students for self-employment. The descriptive survey research design was adopted for the study. The sample comprised 380 ...

  12. Secondary School Students' Reading Anxiety in a Second Language (United States)

    Ismail, Sadiq Abdulwahed Ahmed


    Developing an appropriate competence in reading in English as a second language is a key factor for subsequent academic success. This study investigated second language reading anxiety of secondary school students. A questionnaire was distributed to 72 female students and focus-group interviews were conducted with 19 volunteer students. Overall…

  13. Attainment of Self-Reliance through Senior Secondary School ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Attainment of Self-Reliance through Senior Secondary School Science and Technical Curriculum: An Appraisal. ... The developing countries of the third world like Nigeria, depend for their total development today on the already developed countries of Western Europe and America. The attainment of good degree of ...

  14. Transitioning to Secondary School: The Case of Mathematics (United States)

    Carmichael, Colin


    At a time when Australia's international competitiveness is compromised by a shortage of skilled workers in Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) related careers, reports suggest a decline in Australian secondary school students' performances in international tests of mathematics. This study focuses on the mathematics performance…

  15. Distinct sesquiterpene pyridine alkaloids from in Salvadoran and Peruvian Celastraceae species. (United States)

    Callies, Oliver; Núñez, Marvin J; Perestelo, Nayra R; Reyes, Carolina P; Torres-Romero, David; Jiménez, Ignacio A; Bazzocchi, Isabel L


    As part of a bioprospecting program aimed at the discovery of undescribed natural products from Salvadoran and Peruvian flora, the phytochemical investigations of four Celastraceae species, Celastrus vulcanicola, Maytenus segoviarum, Maytenus jeslkii, and Maytenus cuzcoina, were performed. The current study reports the isolation and structural characterization of five previously undescribed macrolide sesquiterpene pyridine alkaloids, named vulcanicoline-A, cuzcoinine, vulcanicoline-B, jelskiine, and vulcanicoline-C, along with sixteen known alkaloids. The structures of the alkaloids were established by spectrometric and extensive 1D and 2D NMR spectroscopic analysis, including COSY, HSQC, HMBC, and ROESY experiments. The absolute configurations of alkaloids were proposed based on optical rotation sign, and biogenetic considerations. This study represents the first phytochemical analysis of Maytenus segoviarum. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  16. A Study on Primary and Secondary School Students' Misconceptions about Greenhouse Effect (Erzurum Sampling) (United States)

    Gul, Seyda; Yesilyurt, Selami


    The aim of this study is to determine what level of primary and secondary school students' misconceptions related to greenhouse effect is. Study group consists of totally 280 students attended to totally 8 primary and secondary schools (4 primary school, 4 secondary school) which were determined with convenient sampling method from center of…

  17. Principals’ reports of adults’ alcohol use in Australian secondary schools

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bernadette M. Ward


    Full Text Available Abstract Background Schools provide opportunities for parents and the wider community to connect and support the physical and emotional wellbeing of their children. Schools therefore have the potential to play a role in the socialisation of alcohol use through school policies and practices regarding consumption of alcohol by adults at school events in the presence of children. Methods This survey was undertaken to a compare the extent to which alcohol is used at secondary school events, when children are present, in the states of New South Wales (NSW and Victoria (VIC, Australia; b describe principals’ level of agreement with these practices; c their awareness of state policies on this issue; and d the predictors of such events. A random sample of secondary schools, stratified to represent metropolitan and non-metropolitan schools were invited to participate. Bivariate and multivariate analysis were conducted with p values < 0.05 considered significant. Results A total of 241 (43 % schools consented to participate in the study. Fifteen percent of participating NSW schools and 57 % of VIC schools held at least one event in which alcohol was consumed by adults in the presence of children in the year before the survey. Of the 100 reported events, 78 % were Year 12 graduation dinners, and 18 % were debutante balls. Compared to NSW principals, VIC principals were significantly more likely to agree with the use of alcohol at these events; significantly less likely to be aware of their state education department policy on this issue; have a policy at their own school or support policy that prohibits alcohol use at such events; and less likely to report having enough information to make decisions about this. Conclusions There is a growing focus on adults’ use of alcohol at school events when children are present. Schools can play an important role in educating and socialising children about alcohol via both the curriculum and policies

  18. Multi-school Collaboration at All-Girl Catholic Secondary Schools: College Knowledge for Latino Parents


    Sallo, Marielle Limfueco


    This study examined the impact of multi-school collaboration through Parent College Knowledge Workshops for parents of Latino first and second-generation students at all-girl Catholic Secondary Schools. As schools educate students on the expectations and college admissions process, parents have not always been part of the discussion. For Latina students, their parents play an important role in making future decisions. Additionally, small all-girl Catholic schools do not always have access ...

  19. Smoking habits in secondary school students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. Damas


    Full Text Available Background: Smoking is an important health risk in general, and responsible for diseases with significant mortality and morbidity. Smoking habits start early and adolescence is a notorious time for starting smoking. Aim and Methods: To assess knowledge on smoking and smoking habits in a population of adolescents in four Porto schools, using a confidential self administered questionnaire. Collected data were evaluated using the SPSS 1.2 statistics program (2004 version. Results: A total of 1770 students aged 11 - 21 (median 15.1 years, mainly female, (58%, answered. Most students (n=952, 54.6% were unaware of signs or warnings against smoking in their schools. The great majority (n=1639, 92.7% considered themselves well informed on the harmful effects of smoking, but only 6.7% could list three or more tobacco-associated health consequences, however. Parents and friends were seen as privileged sources of information. Among these students, 194 (11.1% were smokers and the average started to smoke at the age of 15. The majority of these (n=111, 57.2% had parents who smoked and 96.4% had friends who smoked, versus 83.1% of non-smokers, a statistically significant difference (p<0.001. Pocket money was the means of acquiring cigarettes in 34.8%. Most (60.8% considered themselves able to stop smoking at any time, while 11.4% of the smokers smoked more than one pack a day and 9.8% smoked the first cigarette within 5 minutes of waking, however. Conclusions: The percentage of smokers in this group of teenagers was considerable and indicators of nicotine dependence were found. Knowledge of the risks of smoking was poor and information on smoking given by schools had an apparently low and variable impact. Parents’ and friends’ behaviour may have a weighty impact on the decision to start smoking. Resumo: Introdução: O consumo de tabaco é um factor de risco importante em doenças com mortalidade e morbilidade importante. O hábito de

  20. The Role of the ‘Post Graduate Diploma in Secondary School Teaching’ Program in Improving the Quality of Teaching in Eastern Ethiopian Secondary Schools


    Wondemetegegn, Sisay; Ahmed, Anwar; Zelalem, Tamrat


    This study dealt with the role of the Postgraduate Diploma inSecondary School Teaching (PGDT) program in improving the quality ofteaching in Eastern Ethiopian secondary schools. The study used a mixed research design that integrated both qualitative and quantitative researchmethods concurrently. The data was collected from 140 respondents, comprised of 83 teachers and 57 school leaders (i.e., mentors, principals, and headteachers) of 14 secondary schools found in four zones of Eastern Ethiopi...

  1. Race, Exclusionary Discipline, and Connectedness to Adults in Secondary Schools. (United States)

    Anyon, Yolanda; Zhang, Duan; Hazel, Cynthia


    This study examines racial differences in students' connectedness to school adults and considers the possibility that disparities in exclusionary discipline practices may reduce all students' sense of connection to educators, not just those who have been disciplined or are from racial groups overrepresented in out-of-school suspensions. Data sources include a self-report survey of secondary school students (n = 29,148) linked to administrative data (n = 107 schools) from a large urban district. Multilevel modeling techniques were used to estimate the relationships between students' racial background, youths' connection to school adults, and school-level racial discipline gaps. Controlling for school racial composition, gender, grade level and other covariates, students of color were significantly less likely to feel connected to school adults than their White peers. Additionally, the racial discipline gap was significantly and negatively associated with connectedness for all students. Results indicate that strategies to improve educational outcomes for youth of color need to attend to relational dynamics between students and school adults. Research findings also suggest that efforts to reduce discipline disparities may improve all students' connectedness. © Society for Community Research and Action 2016.

  2. Factors discouraging students from schooling: A case study at Junior Secondary School in Laos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chanthaboun Keoviphone


    Full Text Available This study is aimed at exploring and describing the factors discouraging Laos students from schooling at a secondary school in various contexts such as  classroom and school, individual student, family, and community contexts. Descriptive qualitative approach was used, and the framework of the study was formulated around the aspects of school and classroom situation, principal’s management process, teachers’ teaching organization and performance, parents’ involvement and perception, and community’s involvement and perception. The data were collected through observation, document analysis, and interview from 10 students, six teachers, one principal, one vice principal at Phonsyneua Junior Secondary School, and seven parents whose children were studying at this school. The finding shows that among the factors involved in students’ schooling at secondary school, several factors discourage them. The teachers’ performances were not perfect yet and some students’ competency was not qualified enough. The students’ parents were not highly committed and involved in their children’s schooling. The community had little trust in schooling since they perceived that schooling costs a lot of money. To improve these discouraging factors, several actions should be taken into consideration. The principal should ask all the teachers to communicate the vision and missions to the students, or the vision and mission should be published and socialized in the school. The observations on teachers’ instruction should be done by both the principal and senior teachers.

  3. School Lunch Take up and Attainment in Primary and Secondary Schools in England


    Michael eNelson; Karen eGibson; Jo eNicholas


    Hypothesis Average levels of attainment in primary and secondary schools in England in 2010 and 2011 are positively associated with changes in average school lunch take up between 2008–2009 and 2010–2011. Subjects/methods Average school lunch take up and attainment data were available for 2009–2011 for primary and secondary sectors in a minimum of 106 local authorities (LAs) in England and 853 individual primary schools in six LAs. Associations between attainment at 11–12 years (pr...

  4. (222)Rn concentration in public secondary schools in Galicia (Spain). (United States)

    Llerena, J J; Cortina, D; Durán, I; Sorribas, R


    In the framework of a (222)Rn screening campaign that was carried out in 58 public secondary schools in Galicia (NW Spain), the largest radon-prone area in the Iberian Peninsula, a positive correlation between indoor (222)Rn concentration and outdoor gamma exposure rate was obtained. A new approach to the data acquisition in screening surveys was tested, improving the performances of this type of study and gathering useful data for future remedial actions. Using short-period detectors (charcoal canisters) firstly, in order to detect places showing (222)Rn concentrations over 400Bqm(-3), the number of locations to be measured with long-period detectors (etched track detectors) is reduced. In this screening campaign, 34% of the schools surveyed presented at least one site exceeding the 400Bqm(-3) recommended action level established by the EU, and 15% had at least one site with (222)Rn values over 800Bqm(-3). The maximum value recorded was 2084+/-63Bqm(-3). These results are discussed and compared with data obtained in schools of several countries with similar geology. Seven schools were also studied for seasonal variations of (222)Rn activity concentration. The results were not conclusive, and no significant correlation between season and (222)Rn concentration was established. Finally, a continuous (222)Rn concentration monitor was placed in the secondary school exhibiting a mean value of the (222)Rn concentration very close to 400Bqm(-3). Maximum (222)Rn concentration values were found to occur at times when the school was unoccupied.

  5. Exploring a secondary school educator's experiences of school ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Erna Kinsey

    who fall victim to comparative forms of school violence (Burton, 2008:2). The media often focus on the ... (2004:67) makes the comment that people in positions to effect change (such as educators) are not always well .... him, the majority of youths arrested for either violent crimes or property crimes were involved in the use of ...

  6. Increasing the admission rate to secondary school: The case of primary school student career guidance

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Høst, Anders; Jensen, Vibeke Myrup; Nielsen, Lisbeth Palmhøj

    Although several studies investigate the effects of school resources on student performance, these studies tend to focus more on intervention effect sizes than on their cost-effectiveness. Exploiting policy-induced variation in Denmark and using high-quality administrative data, we investigate...... the effects of a school intervention that introduces structured student career guidance in lower secondary school on upper secondary school admission. Disregarding the sunk-cost of implementation, the reform was cost-neutral. In a difference-in-difference framework we find that the reform increases admission...... to upper secondary school between 4.0-6.3 percentage points for immigrants, but shows at best small improvements for the native students....

  7. Identifying and managing stress among teachers in secondary schools

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Magda Lužar


    Full Text Available RQ: Is stress among teachers present or not, what are the relationships between the causes of stress, identifying stress and stress management and the impact on the quality of education.Purpose: The purpose and the focus of the research is to determine the presence of stress or stress load with teachers at the vocational secondary school; the purpose was to also determine the largest causes, how to recognize and control them.Method: By reading the literature, answers were found that stress is present everywhere in our life and there are many causes for them. The aim of research study is achieved by doing a qualitative study in vocational secondary schools where teachers are participants in the interview.Results: All eight of the interview participants responded that stress is present. As a reason for stress, five of the participants stated that the reason was due to changes at work, poor discipline of students, and poor teacher student relationships. With two participants, an important cause of stress is talking with parents about problematic students. Three participants identified stress as irritability and agitation, five participants as being tired and low concentration in equal ratios. They control stress with sports or talking in equal ratios.Organization: The contribution of the research study is importantfor management as answers on possible reasons for frequent sick leaves may be determined in a given period of the school year and leads to reflection of any possible preventive measures to reduce stress activity.Company: The findings of the research study are important for society as a whole. Stress experienced by secondary school teachers are seen as fatigue, irritability and agitation that consequently can lead towards poor quality of teaching and thus long-term impact on the whole environment.Originality: The research was conducted in four vocational secondary schools, i.e., mechanical engineering, civil engineering, electric, and

  8. The use of ICT in the teaching and learning process in secondary schools : a case study of two Cameroonian schools


    Kennah, Mua


    Abstract The Use of ICT in the Teaching and Learning Process in Secondary Schools: A Case Study of Two Cameroonian schools. This study examines the use of ICT by teachers Cameroonian secondary schools. This study explores the pedagogical use of ICT in the teaching and the learning process, the impact of its use and the role school principals and the community plays in enhancing ICT in the pedagogy. This is a qualitative case study of two public secondary schools in the South We...

  9. Personal, family and school influences on secondary pupils’ feelings of safety at school, in the school surroundings, and at home

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mooij, Ton


    Mooij, T. (2012). Personal, family and school influences on secondary pupils’ feelings of safety at school, in the school surroundings, and at home. Teachers and Teaching: theory and practice, 18(2), 129-157. doi:10.1080/13540602.2012.632270

  10. Personal, family, and school influences on secondary pupils’ feelings of safety at school, in the school surroundings, and at home

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mooij, Ton


    Mooij, T. (2010, 26-28 August). Personal, family, and school influences on secondary pupils’ feelings of safety at school, the school surroundings, and at home. Presentation at the ‘European Conference on Educational Research’ of the 'European Educational Research Association' (EERA), Helsinki.

  11. Secondary school students' engagement profiles and their relationship with academic adjustment and achievement in university

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Rooij, Els C.M.; Jansen, Ellen P.W.A.; van de Grift, Wim J.C.M.


    The ability to distinguish secondary school students according to characteristics that contribute to success in university represents important knowledge in the research areas of university preparedness and student success in higher education. This study identified five secondary school student

  12. Job satisfaction among urban secondary-school teachers in Namibia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Evy George


    Full Text Available An exploratory study on the role of extrinsic and intrinsic factors in determining job satisfaction amongst urban secondary-school teachers in Namibia was undertaken. Biographical variables pertaining to the teachers' gender, age, marital status, school resources, teaching experience, academic qualifications, and rank were investigated to determine whether these had any significant relevance, or made any notable contribution, to the level of job satisfaction experienced. Also, the correlation between burnout and job satisfaction was investigated to determine the extent to which these two factors are related. A sample of 337 secondary-school teachers randomly selected from 17 government schools, in the Windhoek region of Namibia, voluntarily participated in the study. Results showed significant levels of dissatisfaction pertaining to intrinsic factors of work and, more especially, those factors relating to school area and rank. A significant correlation between levels of burnout and job satisfaction was found, particularly in respect of emotional exhaustion and depersonalization, which were shown to correlate with low levels of job satisfaction. Limitations and recommendations pertaining to the study are discussed.

  13. Some indicators of mental health in secondary school students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tina Pušnik


    Full Text Available The aim of the research was to determine the status of the secondary school students regarding different indicators of mental health. We were interested in the perception of successfulness, stress caused by the school, relationships towards friends and family members, intensive physical response to the stress, depression symptoms, eating disorders symptoms and substance abuse. The participants also estimated feeling of content and meaning in life. The questionnaire was designed especially for this research. 647 grammmar school and economics secondary school students were asked to participate in the study. The results are mostly similar to those of other Slovene surveys. There are major differences in problem areas depending on the sex of participants: girls' results show more physical responses to the stress, fear and the strain of learning, depression symptoms and eating disorders symptoms, while the boys reported more substance abuse, lower grades and less studying. The research shows the frequency of different problems in adolescents and correlations among forms of risk taking behavior. There are high correlations among different sorts of subsubstance abuse. Also depression, physical response to the stress and eating disorders symptoms are connected. The research should lead to various preventive programmes, where the efforts of the schools, health-care system, local community and the state have to be co-ordinated.

  14. Executive Functions as Predictors of School Performance and Social Relationships: Primary and Secondary School Students. (United States)

    Zorza, Juan Pablo; Marino, Julián; Acosta Mesas, Alberto


    This study examined the relationship between executive functions (EFs) and school performance in primary and secondary school students aged 8 to 13 years (N = 146, M = 10.4, 45.8% girls). EFs were evaluated using the Trail Making Test (TMT), Verbal Fluency (VF), and the Stroop Test. Students' GPAs and teachers' assessment of academic skills were used to measure school performance. To evaluate the students' social behavior, participants were asked to rate all their classmates' prosocial behavior and nominate three students with whom they preferred to do school activities; teachers also provided evaluations of students' social skills. EF measures explained 41% (p = .003, f 2 = .694) of variability in school performance and 29% (p = .005, f 2 = .401) of variance in social behavior in primary school students. The predictive power of EFs was found to be lower for secondary school students, although the TMT showed significant prediction and explained 13% (p = .004, f 2 = .149) of variance in school performance and 15% (p = .008, f 2 = .176) in peer ratings of prosocial behavior. This paper discusses the relevance of EFs in the school environment and their different predictive power in primary and secondary school students.

  15. Schooling Sexualities and Gendered Bodies. Experiences of LGBT Students in Icelandic Upper Secondary Schools (United States)

    Kjaran, Jón Ingvar; Kristinsdóttir, Guðrún


    In this paper, we study how Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender people (LGBT) students in Icelandic upper secondary schools interpret their experience of heteronormative environment and how they respond to it. The aim is to explore how sexualities and gendered bodies are constructed through "schooling". The article draws on interview…

  16. Does Paid Employment Help or Hinder Performance in Secondary School? Insights from US High School Students. (United States)

    Stern, David; Briggs, Derek


    Previous research shows that secondary students with moderate working hours perform better academically than those with no work or longer hours. Essays by working students reveal that many value both school and work as preparation for the future. These attitudes may explain why working does not detract from their school performance. (Contains 22…

  17. A Study of School Mathematics Curriculum Enacted by Competent Teachers in Singapore Secondary Schools (United States)

    Kaur, Berinderjeet; Tay, Eng Guan; Toh, Tin Lam; Leong, Yew Hoong; Lee, Ngan Hoe


    A study of school mathematics curriculum enacted by competent teachers in Singapore secondary schools is a programmatic research project at the National Institute of Education (NIE) funded by the Ministry of Education (MOE) in Singapore through the Office of Education Research (OER) at NIE. The main goal of the project is to collect a set of data…

  18. School Technology Leadership in a Spanish Secondary School: The TEI Model (United States)

    Gallego-Arrufat, María-Jesús; Gutiérrez-Santiuste, Elba; Campaña-Jiménez, Rafael Luis


    This study analyzes the perception that teachers and management team members in secondary school education have of "technology-based educational innovation" (TEI). Two questionnaires and in-depth interviews permit us to analyze leaders' perspective of planning, development, and evaluation. The school leaders' view diverges from that of…

  19. School-Based Management: An Approach to Decision-Making Quality in Egyptian General Secondary Schools (United States)

    Elmelegy, Reda Ibrahim


    The current research aims at clarifying how school-based management (SBM) can contribute to achieve the decision-making quality in Egyptian general secondary schools and determine the requirements of quality decision-making. It depends on the descriptive method in order to acknowledge the basics of the SBM and its relationship with the quality of…

  20. Sustainability of outdoor school ground smoking bans at secondary schools : A mixed-method study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rozema, A. D.; Mathijssen, J. J. P.; Jansen, M. W. J.; Van Oers, J. A. M.


    Although increasing numbers of countries are implementing outdoor school ground smoking bans at secondary schools, less attention is paid to the post-implementation period even though sustainability of a policy is essential for long-term effectiveness. Therefore, this study assesses the level of

  1. School Types, Facilities and Academic Performance of Students in Senior Secondary Schools in Ondo State, Nigeria (United States)

    Alimi, Olatunji Sabitu; Ehinola, Gabriel Babatunde; Alabi, Festus Oluwole


    The study investigated the influence of school types and facilities on students' academic performance in Ondo State. It was designed to find out whether facilities and students' academic performance are related in private and public secondary schools respectively. Descriptive survey design was used. Proportionate random sampling technique was used…

  2. School Dropout Pattern among Senior Secondary Schools in Delta State, Nigeria (United States)

    Ajaja, O. Patrick


    The major purpose of this study was to determine the pattern of dropout among secondary school students in Delta State. To guide this study, 7 research questions were asked and answered, 3 hypotheses stated and tested at 0.05 level of significance. The design of study was ex post facto using the past school attendance registers as the major…

  3. The Secondary School Pipeline: Longitudinal Indicators of Resilience and Resistance in Urban Schools Under Reform (United States)

    Samel, Arthur N.; Sondergeld, Toni A.; Fischer, John M.; Patterson, Nancy C.


    Students in the secondary education pipeline, the 6-year period between 7th and 12th grades, deal with external and internal conditions that facilitate or hinder progress to graduation and beyond--these conditions offer resilience or resistance and influence student movement through public schools. This study follows an urban middle school cohort…

  4. Racial Representation in Physical Education Textbooks for Secondary Schools

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Inés Táboas-Pais


    Full Text Available The purpose of this article is to examine the representation of race through images that are published in Spanish physical education textbooks for secondary schools and to offer an insight into students’ beliefs related to racial stereotypes in physical education. The sample was composed of 2,583 images and 87 secondary school pupils. The analysis was carried out through the elaboration of an ad hoc coding scheme. The results showed that people whose appearance is similar to the in-group predominate. The kind of physical activity, the field, space, and level of competence vary according to race. The textbooks analyzed in this study engender a stigmatized vision of racial diversity, and the images reproduce and reinforce racial prejudice.

  5. Solid waste management problems in secondary schools in Ibadan, Nigeria. (United States)

    Ana, G R E E; Oloruntoba, E O; Shendell, D; Elemile, O O; Benjamin, O R; Sridhar, M K C


    Inappropriate solid waste management practices in schools in less-developed countries, particularly in major urban communities, constitute one of the major factors leading to declining environmental health conditions. The objective of the authors' descriptive, cross-sectional study was to assess solid waste management problems in selected urban schools in Ibadan, Nigeria. Eight secondary schools with average pupil populations not less than 500 per school were selected randomly. Four hundred questionnaires (50 per school) were administered. In addition, an observational checklist was used to assess the physical environment. Paper and plastics were the most frequently generated wastes. Common methods of solid waste disposal reported were use of dustbins for collection and open burning. Major problems perceived with current refuse disposal methods by the study students were odors, pest infestation, and spillages. Littering and spillages of solid waste were also common features reported. Data suggested inadequate waste management facilities and practices in study schools. The lack of refuse bins may have contributed to waste spillages and the burning practices. Odors may have arisen from both the decay of overstored organic waste rich in moisture and emissions from refuse burning. This scenario poses a community environmental health nuisance and may compromise school environmental quality.

  6. [Schools meals in French secondary state schools: compliance to national recommendations and schools catering patterns]. (United States)

    Bertin, M; Lafay, L; Calamassi-Tran, G; Volatier, J-L; Dubuisson, C


    Recent reports on the lack of nutritional quality of meals served in schools have led public authorities to draft, in 1999, recommendations for restoring a balanced food supply. Following the survey carried out by the French food safety Agency in 2005-2006, which highlighted gaps in the implementation of these recommendations, a law passed in July 2010 plans to make these recommendations mandatory, as their 2007 revised version. Thus, the objective of this study was to assess initial school compliance with regard to this last revised version of the recommendations and to identify school patterns through their catering management and implication in a dietary project. Seven hundred and seven secondary state schools were questioned (570 were administrated by the Ministry of Education and 137 by the Ministry of Agriculture) on their catering practices. Twenty consecutive menus from each school were also analyzed with a specific coding system to establish its nutritional composition for comparison with the 2007 recommendations. On average, schools complied with half of the recommendations. Good compliance was observed with the 2007 recommendations concerning fried products, starchy foods, fruits, and dairy products whereas very few schools were in compliance with recommendations concerning fish, cheeses and sweetened desserts containing less than 15 % fat and more than 20 g of sugar per portion. Furthermore, compliance with recommendations was significantly better for lunch meals, and even better for agricultural establishments. A 5-component meal was also associated with greater compliance with the recommendations. In addition, four school patterns were identified based on catering management practices. The first two categories of establishments had knowledge of the recommendations but exhibited different levels of application. The last two types of establishments had no knowledge of the recommendations and differed in their catering management practices. Compliance

  7. Uses and images of time in students of secondary school: between school, family and community

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M Carmen Moran


    Full Text Available The article focuses on the analysis of school time and its relation with the vital family and community experience of Spanish compulsory secondary education (ESO students. The results make it possible to understand ideas such as the conditioning nature of school times on teenagers socializing development and opportunities, the interconnection between the types of school time management and family and community experience, the uneven vision and, even in some cases contradictory, on the uses and images of school and social time among students and secondary school teachers, the opening to the social environment of centers as infrastructures offering their facilities to be used for other non-teaching activities and the confirmation of new technologies as important agents of socialization. A better understanding of the interdependence between teenage school time socialization processes allows the formulation of new questions and broadens the social, political and academic debate about ways of management for personal, educational and social times

  8. Attitude of secondary school youth to the healthy nutrition


    Řeháková, Jarmila


    This work is focused on the point of the secondary school youth attitude on the issue of the rational nutrition. Using the questionnaire investigation that is divided into several research areas I am trying to prove or disconfirm the existence of the mutual relationship between the branch of study and the preferences of healthy nutrition and healthy lifestyle for youth. My thesis deals with the question of a provable relationship in knowledge achieved in the field of healthy nutrition and hea...

  9. Communication apprehension in Qwaqwa secondary schools / Moshe Moses Malimabe


    Malimabe, Moshe Moses


    The research indicates that an important component in teaching and learning which is always involved is communication apprehension. This aspect of the behaviour of secondary school students is identified and discussed as a student with a high level of communication apprehension tends to be negatively affected in his academic achievement. Literature dealing with the role played by the communication process specifically in the classroom situation, was reviewed in order to establish which factor...



    Effandi Zakaria; Normalizam Mohd Zain; Nur Amalina Ahmad; Ayu Erlina


    Research has shown that mathematics achievement in students is influenced by psychological factors such as mathematics anxiety. Weaknesses among students in learning mathematics in particular will affect the efforts of various sectors in making Malaysia a fully developed nation by 2020. The purpose of this study was to determine mathematics anxiety and mathematics achievement among secondary school students in Selangor, Malaysia. The research examined the differences in mathematics anxiety ac...

  11. Abstinence and alcohol consumption among secondary school students


    Bonito, Jorge; Boné, Maria


    A young person tend to drink alcohol due to the curiosity, imitation belonging to a peer group and in some cases the motivation of the family. Alcohol is therefore socially tolerated moderate alcohol consumption can lead risk forms of consumption. The study shows that attempts to understand the consumption and abstinence from alcohol consumption among young people in secondary education who attend a school in the district of Evora in co use of learning spaces and leisure. The research was qua...

  12. Upper secondary school as an innovative health laboratory

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Stine Frydendal

    and long-term implementation strategy. The empirical base of this study is Rysensteen Gymnasium – a Danish upper secondary school. The study focuses on students, teachers, management and parents and therefore has a holistic approach to cultural change in relation to health. The study is mainly...... and decision-making about physical activity and health take place among the teachers and especially the students. Central to this study is the democratic approach with keywords like: Involvement, participation, creativity, innovation and laboratory thinking....

  13. Mental health literacy in secondary schools: a Canadian approach. (United States)

    Kutcher, Stan; Bagnell, Alexa; Wei, Yifeng


    "Mental health literacy is an integral component of health literacy and has been gaining increasing attention as an important focus globally for mental health interventions. In Canada, youth mental health is increasingly recognized as a key national health concern and has received more focused attention than ever before within our health system. This article outlines 2 unique homegrown initiatives to address youth mental health literacy within Canadian secondary schools." Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  14. Implementing Resistance Training in Secondary Schools: A Cluster RCT. (United States)

    Kennedy, Sarah G; Smith, Jordan J; Morgan, Philip J; Peralta, Louisa R; Hilland, Toni A; Eather, Narelle; Lonsdale, Chris; Okely, Anthony D; Plotnikoff, Ronald C; Salmon, Jo; Dewar, Deborah L; Estabrooks, Paul; Pollock, Emma; Finn, Tara L; Lubans, David R


    Guidelines recommend that young people engage in muscle-strengthening activities on at least three days per week. The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of a school-based intervention focused on resistance training (RT) for adolescents. The 'Resistance Training for Teens' intervention was evaluated using a cluster randomized controlled trial with 607 adolescents (50.1% female; 14.1±0.5 years) from 16 secondary schools. Teachers were trained to deliver the intervention, which included: (i) an interactive student seminar; (ii) a structured physical activity program, focused on RT; (iii) lunchtime fitness sessions; and, (iv) web-based smartphone apps. The primary outcome was muscular fitness (MF) and secondary outcomes included body mass index (BMI), RT skill competency, flexibility, physical activity, self-efficacy and motivation. Assessments were conducted at baseline, 6- (post-program; primary end-point) and 12-months (follow-up). Outcomes were assessed using linear mixed models, with three potential moderators tested using interaction terms (and sub-group analyses where appropriate). For the primary outcome (MF), a group-by-time effect was observed at 6-months for upper body (2.0 repetitions, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.8 to 3.2), but not lower body (-1.4cm, 95% CI: -4.7 to 1.9). At 6-months, there were intervention effects for RT skill competency and self-efficacy, but no other secondary outcomes. Effects for upper body MF and RT skill competency were sustained at 12-months. Despite overall no effect for BMI, there was a group-by-time effect at 12-months among students who were overweight/obese at baseline (-0.55 kg/m, 95% CI: -1.01 to -0.08). The school-based RT intervention resulted in immediate and sustained improvements in upper body MF and RT skill competency, demonstrating an effective and scalable approach to delivering RT within secondary schools.

  15. A provincial study of opportunities for school-based physical activity in secondary schools. (United States)

    Dwyer, John J M; Allison, Kenneth R; LeMoine, Karen N; Adlaf, Edward M; Goodman, Jack; Faulkner, Guy E J; Lysy, Daria C


    Adolescents spend considerable time at school and thus it is important to understand their opportunities for school-based physical activity. This study surveyed Ontario secondary schools to identify the range of structured opportunities and their engagement by students. A questionnaire was mailed to key informants in 600 randomly selected secondary schools in Ontario, for which 474 respondents (79%) returned completed questionnaires. Curriculum-based physical education (PE) classes in grade nine were reported to be offered in all schools and these classes in grades 10, 11 and 12 were offered in almost all schools. Student enrollment in PE decreased from grades 9 to 12 (97.9%, 49.6%, 43.3% and 35.9%, respectively). Respondents reported that funding, timetable, facilities and resources made it somewhat difficult to implement the health and physical education curriculum in their schools. About two-thirds (65.5%) of the schools had an intramural program and 15.0% of students participated in it, whereas 97.2% of the schools had an inter-school sports program and 25.0% of students participated in it. Supervision issues made it difficult to provide intramural programs and funding made it difficult to provide inter-school sports programs. Although provision of physical activity opportunities in Ontario appears satisfactory, actual engagement by students is low. The results suggest that strategies to increase student participation in PE, intramural programs, and inter-school sports programs need further consideration.

  16. Redefining School Literacy. Prominent literacy practices across subjects in upper secondary school


    Håkansson Lindqvist, Marcia J.P.


    This thesis on school literacy focuses on how students employ different texts within classroom contexts. Based on a methodological, analytical, and theoretical foundation in New Literacy Studies (NLS), it explores how different texts are integrated into a variety of literacy practices across various subjects. The overarching aim of the thesis is to explore prominent literacy practices within a school context, among students in their final year of upper secondary school in Norway. I also discu...

  17. Uses and images of time in students of secondary school: between school, family and community


    M Carmen Moran; Lucia Iglesias; German Vargas; Javier Francisco Rouco


    The article focuses on the analysis of school time and its relation with the vital family and community experience of Spanish compulsory secondary education (ESO) students. The results make it possible to understand ideas such as the conditioning nature of school times on teenagers socializing development and opportunities, the interconnection between the types of school time management and family and community experience, the uneven vision and, even in some cases contradictory, on the uses a...

  18. Development of Program to Enhance Strategic Leadership of Secondary School Administrators (United States)

    Chatchawaphun, Pimpisa; Julsuwan, Suwat; Srisa-ard, Boonchom


    This research aimed to 1) study principles, attributes and skills needed for secondary school administrators, 2) investigate current situations, desirable conditions and needs for strategic secondary school administrators, 3) develop a strategic secondary school administrator enhancement program, and 4) explore the efficiency level of the…

  19. Student Accounts of the Ontario Secondary School Literacy Test: A Case for Validation (United States)

    Cheng, Liying; Fox, Janna; Zheng, Ying


    The Ontario Secondary School Literacy Test (OSSLT) is a cross-curricular literacy test issued to all secondary school students in the province of Ontario. The test consists of a reading and a writing component, both of which must be successfully completed for secondary school graduation in Ontario. This study elicited 16 first language and second…

  20. The Development Effectiveness Management Model for Sub-District Secondary School (United States)

    Butsankom, Akachai; Sirishuthi, Chaiyuth; Lammana, Preeda


    The purposes of this research were to study the factors of effectiveness management model for subdistrict secondary school, to investigate current situations and desirable situations of effectiveness management model for sub-district secondary school, to develop the effectiveness management model for sub-district secondary school and to study the…

  1. An Investigation on Secondary School Students' Attitude towards Science in Ogun State, Nigeria (United States)

    Sakariyau, A. O.; Taiwo, Michael O.; Ajagbe, Olalere W.


    The study investigated the attitudes of secondary school students towards science in Odeda Local Government Area of Ogun State, Nigeria. Two hundred senior secondary school students consisting of 84 males and 116 females were selected from five secondary schools using stratified random sampling techniques. A 20-item Attitude to Science…

  2. Transformational Leadership and the Leadership Performance of Oregon Secondary School Principals (United States)

    Breaker, Jason Lee


    A study of 118 secondary school principals in Oregon was conducted to examine the relationship of transformational leadership to secondary school principals' leadership performance. This study measured the transformational leadership of secondary school principals in Oregon using the "Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire (5X-Short)"…

  3. An Effect of the Learning Environment Management System toward Student Quality of Thai Secondary School (United States)

    Wirussawa, Seatuch; Tesaputa, Kowat; Duangpaeng, Amporn


    This study aimed at 1) investigating the element of the learning environment management system in the secondary schools, 2) exploring the current states and problems of the system on the learning environment management in the secondary schools, 3) designing the learning environment management system for the secondary schools, and 4) identifying…

  4. Secondary School Mathematics Teachers' Knowledge Levels and Use of History of Mathematics (United States)

    Bütüner, Suphi Önder


    This study describes secondary school mathematics teachers' use of history of mathematics in their classes and their knowledge levels in this field. The study population included a total of 58 secondary school mathematics teachers working at the secondary schools located in Yozgat city center, and the sample included 32 mathematics teachers from…


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivana Đorđev


    Full Text Available This paper presents the results of research conducted with the primary objective to determine in which areas secondary school students usually make orthographic mistakes when writing (official written assignments. Starting from the hypothesis that the punctuation writing of whole and split words are areas in which secondary school students (regardless of age and school orientation achieved the weakest achievements an (exploratory research was conducted on a corpus of 3,135 written assignments written in the school year of 2010/11. The research sample was intentional, descriptive and analytical methods were used for the description and the analysis of the results. The results showed the following (1 secondary school students usually make mistakes in punctuation of written assignments - we recorded 4,487 errors in the use of signs to denote intonation and meaning of a text (errors of this type make 53.93% of the total number of spelling errors reported in the corpus of research; by frequency of errors the second are errors related to writing whole and split words (11.02%, the third error is in the use of the capital letter (9.34%; (2 most problems in orthography have second grade students, quantum of mistakes is almost the same with first graders and seniors, but in all grades the most frequent errors are in punctuation, writing of whole and split words and the use of capital letters; (3 Although school orientation affects the spelling skills of pupils, the weakest orthographic achievements are also recorded in punctuation, writing of whole and split words and capitalization, so those are areas that need to be thoroughly addressed in teaching and methodology literature. The results are, on the one hand, a picture of the current status of teaching orthography and grammar knowledge of secondary school students. On the other hand, the research results can be applied in all phases of methodical practical work in teaching orthography, the upgrading the

  6. The Reasons and Effects of Organizational Cynicism in Secondary Schools

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    Full Text Available In this study, it is aimed to determine the reasons of organizational cynicism of the teachers in the secondary education and to reveal the effects of organizational cynicism. This study is important in terms of revealing the reasons and the effects of organizational cynicism which causes lots of negative attitudes and behaviours in organizations and in terms of providing suggestions to lessen its presence. It is a case study which belongs to qualitative design classification. The research sample consists of 21 teachers who have more than 10 years of teaching experience and are working in the secondary schools located in the center of Gaziantep province in 2012-2013 academic year. Data are gathered through interview method. Data are analyzed through descriptive and content analysis methods. In the data analysis process, a qualitative data analyze programme (ATLAS.ti 6 was utilized. Research results suggest that the reasons of organizational cynicism are originating from school administration (being unfair, not appreciating the teachers, not rewarding the teachers and from teachers (not being pleased with the salary, the syndrome of being burnout, not having a suitable personality. In conclusion, it is revealed that education and instruction, cooperation in the school, the profession of teaching, commitment to school, motivation, professional burnout and performance are badly affected by organizational cynicism. Suggestions for practitioners and researchers are presented according to the findings of the study and the participants’ proposals in order to decrease organizational cynicism

  7. Social uses of prescribed school culture in the secondary education

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    Norberto Dallabrida


    Full Text Available This paper seeks to understand the social uses of prescribed school culture nationally in three secondary schools of Florianopolis in the 1950s. Focused on Colégio Catarinense, administered by the Jesuits and dedicated exclusively to men; the Colégio Coração de Jesus, run by the Sisters of Divine Providence and with female customers; and the State College Dias Velho, public, free and for boys and girls. According to Roger Chartier, educational institutions are considered to appropriate themselves of cultural goods in different and creative ways. This socio-historical analysis is based on written documents and testimonials of teachers and students who worked at or attended these schools.

  8. Temporal geospatial analysis of secondary school students’ examination performance (United States)

    Nik Abd Kadir, ND; Adnan, NA


    Malaysia's Ministry of Education has improved the organization of the data to have the geographical information system (GIS) school database. However, no further analysis is done using geospatial analysis tool. Mapping has emerged as a communication tool and becomes effective way to publish the digital and statistical data such as school performance results. The objective of this study is to analyse secondary school student performance of science and mathematics scores of the Sijil Pelajaran Malaysia Examination result in the year 2010 to 2014 for the Kelantan's state schools with the aid of GIS software and geospatial analysis. The school performance according to school grade point average (GPA) from Grade A to Grade G were interpolated and mapped and query analysis using geospatial tools able to be done. This study will be beneficial to the education sector to analyse student performance not only in Kelantan but to the whole Malaysia and this will be a good method to publish in map towards better planning and decision making to prepare young Malaysians for the challenges of education system and performance.

  9. Secondary school as a context for expressing and developing creativity

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    Maksić Slavica


    Full Text Available The paper presents the results of a research on the views of teachers about expressing and developing creativity of students at the secondary educational level. The analysis of the discussion with ten grammar school teachers allocated as the most important the teachers' views of the nature of creativity, the capacity of the school to stimulate creativity in students and the conditions for stimulating creativity in school. The majority of teachers saw creativity as a complex phenomenon for whose understanding a multi-perspective approach is needed. Although only few teachers believe in distributivity of creativity, the majority agreed that school should stimulate students' creativity, but that it does not do it sufficiently. Among the factors which support creativity they singled out the teacher's engagement, specificities of certain school subjects, the application of certain teaching techniques and the image of the school. Among the factors that obstruct creativity they stated curricular requirements, selection of students, characteristics of young generations and current social values.

  10. Visiting Auschwitz: Evidence of Secondary Traumatization Among High School Students. (United States)

    Bilewicz, Michał; Wojcik, Adrian Dominik


    Secondary traumatic stress has been intensively studied among survivors' therapists, family members, and trauma researchers. We claim that people who are exposed to reminders of past traumatic experiences when visiting places of memory or museum exhibitions could also develop secondary trauma symptoms. Thus, scholars and practitioners must better understand how such places related to historical traumatization (e.g., Holocaust memorial sites) can affect the psychological well-being of visitors. The main aim of this quantitative longitudinal study was to assess the scale of secondary traumatization among visitors to such places. The study found that the syndrome of secondary traumatic stress was observed among 13.2% of high school visitors to the Auschwitz memorial museum. Longitudinal analysis revealed that empathic reactions to the visit in Auschwitz (e.g., a greater inclusion of victims into the self) were associated with higher levels of secondary traumatic stress levels 1 month after the visit. This study suggests that visits to places related to traumatic past events should be preceded by a more intense elaboration of Holocaust history and by proper psychological preparations. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved).

  11. Health Education Interventions in Secondary Schools in Larissa, Greece

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    Full Text Available Introduction: School plays an important role in solving society’s health problems. Teachers are assigned a double role, that of the educator and that of the carrier of health-related behaviours and attitudes.Aim: The present study aims at investigating: a the type and frequency of health education programs in secondary schools, and b the teachers’ voluntary un-compensated contribution in promoting health-related behaviours by acting as role-models.Method: The data collection period lasted two months in the beginning of the school year 2007-2008. We used a 4-section questionnaire. The initial sample of 287 teachers which was selected by cluster random sampling, were secondary education teachers with permanent positions, working in 4 junior high-schools, 3 general high-schools, and 2 vocational high-schools in Larissa county. The final sample consisted of 216 teachers (response rate 75.3%.Results: 25% of the participants had attented seminars in health education, while 60% had read some handbook on Health Education in the last five years. 96 had participated in an organised health education program, and 70 were in charge of one. In 30% of the programs, the subjects were about mental health and they usually lasted about 6 to 12 months. 83% of the participants stated that they advise students, at least once per semester, on relaxation and satisfaction from life.Conclusion: The teachers’ socio-demographic and pedagogic profile, and their previous experience on health issues, may constitute prognostic indicators for their voluntary teaching of health education and, moreover, they are related with a teacher’s decision to get involed in health education interventions.

  12. Trends in smoking among secondary school and high school students in Poland, 2009 and 2011. (United States)

    Wojtyła-Buciora, Paulina; Stawińska-Witoszyńska, Barbara; Żukiewicz-Sobczak, Wiola; Wojtyła, Cezary; Biliński, Piotr; Urbaniak, Monika; Wojtyła, Andrzej; Marcinkowski, Jerzy T; Wojciechowska, Małgorzata


    To determine the age and the most common circumstances for smoking initiation along with smoking rates and to evaluate smoking trends for secondary and high school students in Poland during 2009 and 2011. In 2009, a pilot study was conducted in districts of Poland on high school students and their parents. For statistical analysis, correctly completed questionnaires from 999 students and 667 parents were qualified for use. After the pilot study, a nationwide study of secondary school students and their parents was also conducted in 2009. For statistical analysis, correctly completed questionnaires were used from 9360 students and 6951 from their parents. The research tool was a questionnaire developed by the Chief Sanitary Inspectorate. These studies were then compared to the nationwide research study from 2011. Questionnaires were obtained from a survey of 3548 students from secondary schools and 4423 of those from high schools. Smoking initiation usually begins at ages 12-15 years. Rates of secondary school student smoking at least once in their lifetime were about the same level in the surveyed years (2009 - 9%, 2011 - 11%), whereas rates of high school student smoking increased (2009 - 15%, 2011 - 24%). Moreover, 34% of secondary school student smoked less than once a week, whereas in 2009, only 8% of students had done so. For high school students, a 1/2 smoked every day; similar to 2009. Students usually smoked in parks, on streets or any other open space areas. From analyzing the smoking trends over the survey period it can be concluded that the problem of smoking increases with respondent age. Int J Occup Med Environ Health 2017;30(5):763-773.

  13. Bullying in Secondary Schools: Action Planning Using a Positive Behavior Intervention and Support Framework (United States)

    Lawrence, Tory De Shannon


    Bullying behavior is not a new issue, but despite the efforts of many, the problem continues to plague our students and schools, particularly in secondary schools. Secondary school leaders need a school-wide strategic plan for bullying prevention. Students need to be engaged in learning how to resolve conflicts and in understanding how bullying…

  14. Social Inequalities in the Allocation of Learning Support in a Swedish Upper Secondary School (United States)

    Johansson, Monica


    The upper secondary school is in Sweden practically mandatory even though attendance is voluntary and today almost all students in Sweden continue their studies at upper secondary school. But not all of them leave this school with a complete certificate of schooling as a result of experiencing a range of difficulties which may be due to cognitive,…

  15. Impact of school staff health on work productivity in secondary schools in Massachusetts. (United States)

    Alker, Heather J; Wang, Monica L; Pbert, Lori; Thorsen, Nancy; Lemon, Stephenie C


    Healthy, productive employees are an integral part of school health programs. There have been few assessments of work productivity among secondary school staff. This study describes the frequency of 3 common health risk factors--obesity, depressive symptoms, and smoking--and their impact on work productivity in secondary school employees. Employees of secondary schools in Massachusetts (N = 630) participated in a longitudinal weight gain prevention intervention study. Assessment completed at baseline, 1-year and 2-year follow-up included survey assessments of health risk factors as well as measurements for height, weight, and body mass index (BMI). The survey also included a depression inventory and Work Limitations Questionnaire. Data analysis included multivariate mixed effect models to identify productivity differences in relation to BMI, depressive symptoms, and smoking in this population stratified by position type (teacher and other school staff). The sample included 361 teachers and 269 other school staff. Obesity, depressive symptoms, and smoking were significantly associated with work productivity, including workdays missed because of health concerns (absenteeism) and decreases in on-the-job productivity because of health concerns (presenteeism). Three common health conditions, namely obesity, depressive symptoms, and smoking, adversely affect the productivity of high school employees. © 2015, American School Health Association.

  16. Pilot study on depression among secondary school students in Selangor. (United States)

    Adlina, S; Suthahar, A; Ramli, M; Edariah, A B; Soe, Soe Aye; Mohd Ariff, F; Narimah, A H H; Nuraliza, A S; Karuthan, C


    A cross sectional descriptive study of 2048 subjects was conducted to determine the prevalence of depression and factors influencing depression among students in secondary school from urban and rural areas in the state of Selangor, Malaysia. The children's depression inventory (CDI) developed by Maria Kovacs was used in this study. Students who participated in this study come from two urban schools and three rural schools. It was found that in the yield for scores for five factors were 9.2% have negative mood, 5% have interpersonal problems, 8.3% have ineffectiveness, 9.8% have anhedonia and 10.6% have negative self esteem. Following the interpretive guidelines for the T-scores, it was found that 10.3% of the students were much above average in the depression scale. This study also found that: 1% of students were smoking, 1.6% of students were gum sniffling, 0.9% took drugs, 4.1% took alcohol and 9.9% took things from other people. Females were more depressed than males. The Chinese students were more depressed compared to Indian students. Students whose parents had no formal education or had only primary education were more depressed than students whose parents had secondary, college or university education. Depression increased with increasing number of siblings. Depression contributed to the habit of drug abuse, gum sniffing and stealing but not to smoking and alcohol abuse. Suicidal tendencies were more likely among the depressed students. It is imperative that not only caregivers but also teachers have to be equipped with the knowledge, attitude and skills to assist secondary school children cope with their emotions, handle conflicts and manage stress early so that a more productive society will develop in the future.

  17. Envisioning DIY learning in primary and secondary schools

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    Juana Maria Sancho-Gil


    Full Text Available The DIYLab project (Do it yourself in Education: expanding digital competence to foster student agency and collaborative learning. European Commission seeks to explore the changes (and its educational effects occurring in the last decade regarding digital competencies, especially in relation to the emergence of a culture of collaboration, that connects youth learning, technology and DIY (Kafai & Peppler, 2011. To achieve the project's objective, we are following a methodology based on the principles of collaborative action research (CAR. This paper focuses on the first step of the CAR process and shows the main challenges identified by teachers, students and parents in order to implement the project’s learning philosophy in the current curricula and schools organisation. We carried out a series of focus groups with teachers, students and parents from primary and secondary schools and the university to discuss what DIY learning looks like in the participants’ educational contexts. Based on these discussions we have begun to analyse how each context imagines DIY learning and how it relates to the notion of virtual space. This paper focuses in the Spanish primary and secondary school participating in the project.

  18. Hazing in orientation programmes in boys-only secondary schools

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    C Huysamer


    Full Text Available Hazing, associated with initiation, aims at taking newcomers from novice status to a status of functional and acknowledged members of a new group. However, the process is often dangerous, injurious, and usually secretive. Hazing may occur as an unauthorised component of institutionally sanctioned orientation programmes commonly held for new students at educational institutions at the beginning of the academic year. This study focuses on the occurrence of hazing elements in orientation programmes (OP for Grade 8 boys primarily run by Grade 12 learners in boys-only secondary schools in South Africa. A cross-sectional survey was conducted by administering a researcher-designed questionnaire to a non-probabilistic sample of 296 Grade 12 learners enrolled at three boys-only secondary schools in Johannesburg. The computer assisted analysis strategy included frequency distributions, exploratory factor analysis, and analysis of variance. Findings indicated that respondents generally agreed with regard to the structure, aims, and behaviours common to orientation programmes. Respondents strongly disagreed about the occurrence of physical and sexual abuse and activities aimed at discomfort in the OP; however, respondents showed ambivalence about the occurrence of certain activities, which may deteriorate into hazing. Prior experience of an orientation programme when in Grade 8; length of enrolment in the school, and boarder status affected respondents' perceptions of certain aspects of orientation programmes.

  19. Occupational Stress and Job Satisfaction Among Indian Secondary School Teachers

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    Tahira Khatoon


    Full Text Available In this paper, empirical evidence on the differences in the occupational stress among teachers of secondary schools in Uttar Pradesh (U.P., India with respect to job satisfaction are provided. The population for the study consisted of 608 teachers, chosen from 41 schools of Eastern and Western districts in U.P. The Teachers Occupational Stress Scale (TOSS and Teachers Job Satisfaction Scale (TJSS were employed for the data collection, while the correlation techniques, analysis of variance, and t-test were used for statistical analysis. This study gives ample evidence that in secondary schools the majority of teachers face less stress towards their occupation than?. Male teachers exhibited more occupational stress towards their job as compared to females. This study validates the finding that teachers, in general, were moderately satisfied with their job; females enjoyed more satisfaction in their job than their male colleagues. The results of the analysis confirmed a negative correlation (r= -0.81 of occupational stress with teachers’ job satisfaction. Moreover, the results clearly show that as the job satisfaction of the teachers’ increased, their occupational stress decreased, accordingly. Teachers with high occupational stress levels were less satisfied, as compared to moderate and more satisfied, and there were no major differences in both the teachers in the less, moderate and more job satisfaction groups, regarding their occupational stress.

  20. Determinants of Secondary School Teachers’ Job Satisfaction in Tanzania

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    Gilman Jackson Nyamubi


    Full Text Available This study examined teachers’ job satisfaction in Tanzania. It addressed one research question: what factors determine secondary school teachers’ job satisfaction? The study was conducted in eight secondary schools in two regions of Tanzania. It used focus group discussion as the data collection tool. Results show that teachers were satisfied by both monetary and nonmonetary incentives such as community support. They were pleased with fair remuneration packages that related to their labour input, opportunities for career development, a well-defined individual appraisal system, timely promotion, and requisite workplace conditions. The study also showed that teachers’ friendship and cooperation with coworkers and students as well as the respect of community members also enhanced their satisfaction in teaching. Also important to their satisfaction is their students’ success in and after school, which reveals the teachers’ sense of duty and responsibility. Teachers’ job dissatisfaction can lead to their search for other means to gain economically. It is recommended that care should be given to address teachers’ pertinent issues, especially salaries, workplace conditions, and timely promotion, to enhance teachers’ physical and mental attachment to their workplaces.

  1. Teachers’ Perceptions of E-Learning in Malaysian Secondary Schools

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    Mei Lick Cheok


    Full Text Available Malaysian teachers are constantly challenged with many new technologies that are believed to enable them to perform their job better. In 2013, they have been given access to an online learning space known as the FROG VLE. However, initial evidence has shown poor adoption of the e-learning. As schools are becoming increasingly disconnected from the societies of which they are a part, teachers withdrawing into their old familiar landscapes of teaching and learning can no longer be accepted. Being the implementers in the classrooms, their perceptions’ towards any innovation are important if the innovation is to be taken up seriously and to be implemented. Measures to improve present condition in order to sustain and increase e-learning uptake, can only be carried out if we know the situations and conditions teachers are in. A qualitative approach was used to identify the views and experiences of 60 secondary school teachers towards the implementation and continued use of VLEs in three secondary schools in Malaysia. This is to obtain a more nuanced explanation for the perceptions teachers’ have towards e-learning. Data was collected using an open-ended questionnaire. The results among others highlight the benefits as perceived by the teachers, the main barriers they faced and suggestions to better improve the implementation. Implications for teacher preparation, staff development efforts and education reform are proposed to overcome the challenges faced. View it in PDF

  2. Classroom acoustics and the performance of secondary school students (United States)

    Wilson, Anne

    The academic achievements of students in School are often reported in the media where successes and failures are highlighted and scrutinised. The environments in which these students work is rarely reported, but is vitally important in the learning process. Currently there is a huge school rebuilding programme with millions of pounds being invested in our educational establishments. Recent tightening up of building regulations relating to schools has meant that school planners and architects have to now conform to acoustic standards in classrooms. One question that has to be asked is whether, in the mainstream classroom, the students can hear the teacher clearly.In Sheffield six PFI funded schools were rebuilt in 2000-1. Four secondary age and two primary. These were built under BB87 regulations. There were reports of problems in these schools immediately. Many of the problems were related to the acoustics in the classrooms; teachers unable to hear students and students unable to hear teachers, and an increase in background noise levels in the classrooms, amongst other issues. As a result this research was initiated to investigate selected classrooms. An initial pilot project was completed, then further research was done in another of the secondary schools. This research included measuring and recording reverberation times and background noise levels, alongside classroom observations. Four rooms with different reverberation time profiles, but with many common factors, were then selected. A speech discrimination test was devised and completed using year 7 students in the school. The test was designed so that typical seating positions in typical mainstream classrooms could be assessed and compared.The aim was to see whether different reverberation time profiles would inf luence the ability of students to hear in the selected classrooms.When the results of the speech discrimination testing was analysed there were certainly some speech discrimination difficulties


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    Michael R. Mitchell


    Full Text Available This essay summarizes a larger study into radicalization in secondary schools (Grades 8-12 in the Province of British Columbia, Canada, from the perspective of school principals and vice-principals (PVPs. In addition to determining the extent of radicalization, the study further explored the extent to which PVPs felt they were prepared to cope with radicalization in a school environment, and obtained their assessment of the training and resources available to help them deal with this phenomenon. Quantitative and qualitative data was acquired using a survey as well as interviews with PVPs. Research participants reported an unexpectedly low level of engagement by students in radical, extremist, or violent extremist behaviour during the 2014-2015 school year. Only 3% of PVPs surveyed believed that extremist or violent extremist behaviours had increased in their own schools during the previous three-year period, while 6.6% believed it had actually declined somewhat—or even substantially—during this timeframe. There was wide variance in the levels of confidence exhibited by PVPs in their capacity to deal with incidents of extreme or violently extreme behaviours, but most stated that they would welcome additional training on dealing with potential incidents. Only half of the interview participants claimed that the procedures and protocols in place to deal with incidents involving extremist behaviours were adequate. A consistently low level of radicalization was apparent in school environments where some factors that otherwise might trigger student radicalization were identified, explored, and resolved in a supportive and open minded manner by school staff.

  4. Sustaining Turnaround at the School and District Levels: The High Reliability Schools Project at Sandfields Secondary School (United States)

    Schaffer, Eugene; Reynolds, David; Stringfield, Sam


    Beginning from 1 high-poverty, historically low-achieving secondary school's successful turnaround work, this article provides data relative to a successful school turnaround, the importance of external and system-level supports, and the importance of building for sustainable institutionalization of improvements. The evidence suggests the…

  5. Pupil Home Background Characteristics and Academic Performance in Senior Secondary Schools: A Case Study of Selected Secondary Schools in Kitwe District, Zambia (United States)

    Kakumbi, Zonic; Samuel, Elizabeth B.; Mulendema, Peter J.


    The purpose of this research was to investigate pupil background characteristics and academic performance in senior secondary schools in Kitwe district with a view of recommending on how to improve pupils' performance. The study was conducted in Kitwe district because in the past years pupils' performance in senior secondary schools has been…



    P. Surya; S Mahendran


    Adjustment problem has impacted on student activities, behavior, health and education in general. The study aimed to examine the adjustment problem and its impact on achievement in mathematics among secondary school students. The investigator adopted survey method to study the impact of adjustment problem and its impact on achievement in mathematics among secondary school students. For this study a sample of 300 secondary school students from four Govt and Private schools which are situated i...

  7. The metaphors that secondary school students created for "physical education"


    SOFI, Gorkem Durmusoglu; YONCALIK, Oguzhan


    The purpose of this study is to present secondary school students' emotions and thoughts about physical education class through their metaphors. The participants of this study consist of 482 students. A paper including the sentence "Physical Education is like (a/an)………because………" was used to collect the data. The participants were asked to complete this sentence and the metaphors that they created were analyzed in five steps: naming the data, classifying the data, c...



    GÜNEŞ, Armağan


    Art education is thought to be quite an important factor in helping students find their own selves. Guiding students to help them determine their skills at an early age and to take education in the fields appropriate to their skills is the key to children’s success in their professional lives. The purpose of this study was to determine secondary school students’ attitudes towards Visual Arts Education. In order to collect the research data, “Attitude Scale towards the Course of Art and Drawin...


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    Paola Cortiana


    Full Text Available Several studies focus on how new technologies influence learning to write processes. Nowadays, when considering the writing process, we need to consider changes that have occurred in the concept of textuality: multiple forms can be considered as texts, and texts can be multimodal. Modes, such as words, audio, images, hyperlinks and video, are all signs that carry meaning. This study analyses the relationship between traditional writing and new ways of expression, analysing the effects of a multimodal approach to the writing of the essay that Italian students are traditionally required to produce at the end of secondary school.

  10. Mobile-based biology edutainment application for secondary schools (United States)

    AL-Modwahi, Ashraf Abbas M.; Kaisara, Onalenna; Parkizkar, Behrang; Habibi Lashkari, Arash


    The high increase of mobile technology is leading to mobilized learning environment, thus making traditional learning to diminish slowly and become inactive and unproductive. Learners worldwide are being attracted to mobile environment more so that it promotes anytime, anywhere learning. Biology as a secondary school subject will be applicable for mobile learning for such a time and generation as this. This paper is therefore an attempt to mobile based biology edutainment system for the students who normally range from the ages of thirteen to sixteen.

  11. The Relationship between School Connectedness and Mental Health during the Transition to Secondary School: A Path Analysis (United States)

    Lester, Leanne; Waters, Stacey; Cross, Donna


    During the transition from primary to secondary school, students typically experience a new social environment, moving from primary school with small intact classes throughout the day with one main teacher, to a larger secondary school with teachers, classrooms and often classmates changing throughout the day. During this time, students report a…

  12. The Interplay between Adolescent Needs and Secondary School Structures: Fostering Developmentally Responsive Middle and High School Environments across the Transition (United States)

    Ellerbrock, Cheryl R.; Kiefer, Sarah M.


    Understanding the developmental responsiveness of secondary school environments may be an important factor in supporting students as they make the transition from one school to the next. Students' needs may or may not be met depending on the nature of the fit between their basic and developmental needs and secondary school structures at the middle…

  13. Self-Efficacy, School Resources, Job Stressors and Burnout among Spanish Primary and Secondary School Teachers: A Structural Equation Approach (United States)

    Betoret, Fernando Domenech


    This study examines the relationship between school resources, teacher self-efficacy, potential multi-level stressors and teacher burnout using structural equation modelling. The causal structure for primary and secondary school teachers was also examined. The sample was composed of 724 primary and secondary Spanish school teachers. The changes…

  14. Examining students' after-school literacy activities and their literacy performance on the Ontario Secondary School Literacy Test

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Cheng, Liying; Klinger, Don A; Zheng, Ying


    ... reading and writing activities. Key words: after-school reading, after-school writing, literacy testing, test performance, secondary students, Ontario Secondary School Literacy Test, ESL/ELD students, second language learners Cet article analyse les activites de litteratie parascolaires des eleves et les resultats qu'ils ont obtenus lors d...


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    Maxime Rwaka


    Full Text Available Since 2007, Esri is supporting GIS education in Secondary Schools. From 2009 until today, 2000 pupils have learned GIS but they do not have time and means to link what they learn at school to the reality on the ground. It is therefore difficult for them to plan for a career in the GIS field. It is in that perspective that Esri has organized Summer Camps each year since 2008 with the objective of connecting pupils with GIS professionals by doing a real GIS project and achieve results that are beneficial for both students and professionals from partner institutions. The Summer Camp last for one week, during which pupils collect geographic and attribute data with GPS and questionnaires, prepare, edit, analyse and visualize collected data using GIS. They finally learn how to present and publish the result. This presentation will give an overview of topics, results and benefit of Summer Camps carried out for the last 6 years.

  16. Assessment of nutritional habits and preferences among secondary school students (United States)

    Duma-Kocan, Paulina; Barud, Barbara; Głodek, Elżbieta; Gil, Marian

    Appropriate nutrition is one of the most important factors affecting the proper development of man, nutritional status and maintaining good health. Adolescence is a period of development of skills of self-determination and self-realization, also in the case of nutrition. Children and school-age youth are the group most vulnerable to the effects of incorrect nutrition. The way of nutrition during this period determines psychophysical and emotional development, effectiveness in learning process and has influence on health in adulthood. The aim of this study was to evaluate the habits and nutrition preferences in secondary school students from Rzeszów and Krosno age 16-19 years and to identify the differences between their eating behaviours. The study involved 300 secondary school students from Rzeszów and Krosno. The research material was the Authors’ questionnaire containing questions examining the eating habits of surveyed students. The statistical analysis was performed using the program StatSoft, Inc. STATISTICA version 12.0. To evaluate the differences between the two examined qualities there was used the Chi2 test of independence. As the statistically significant level there was assumed the level of p ≤ 0.05. In the surveyed group of high school students, more than half (59.66%) ate 4-5 meals a day. Snacking between meals declared 95% of high school students. Between meals the youth most frequently consumed fruits and vegetables (72.99%) and sweets (59.66%). Daily consumption of first breakfast before leaving the home declared more than half (62.33%) of the surveyed youth. Consuming products containing complete protein several times a week was declared by 49%. Whole wheat bread was daily consumed by 10.33% of the respondents, and grain products are daily consumed by 52.66% of the youth. 43.33% every day drank milk and milk products, while fruits and vegetables several times a day were consumed by 59.66% of the surveyed students. Consumption of products of

  17. Sustainability of outdoor school ground smoking bans at secondary schools: a mixed-method study. (United States)

    Rozema, A D; Mathijssen, J J P; Jansen, M W J; van Oers, J A M


    Although increasing numbers of countries are implementing outdoor school ground smoking bans at secondary schools, less attention is paid to the post-implementation period even though sustainability of a policy is essential for long-term effectiveness. Therefore, this study assesses the level of sustainability and examines perceived barriers/facilitators related to the sustainability of an outdoor school ground smoking ban at secondary schools. A mixed-method design was used with a sequential explanatory approach. In phase I, 438 online surveys were conducted and in phase II, 15 semi-structured interviews were obtained from directors of relevant schools. ANOVA (phase I) and a thematic approach (phase II) were used to analyze data. Level of sustainability of an outdoor school ground smoking ban was high at the 48% Dutch schools with an outdoor smoking ban. Furthermore, school size was significantly associated with sustainability. The perceived barriers/facilitators fell into three categories: (i) smoking ban implementation factors (side-effects, enforcement, communication, guidelines and collaboration), (ii) school factors (physical environment, school culture, education type and school policy) and (iii) community environment factors (legislation and social environment). Internationally, the spread of outdoor school ground smoking bans could be further promoted. Once implemented, the ban has become 'normal' practice and investments tend to endure. Moreover, involvement of all staff is important for sustainability as they function as role models, have an interrelationship with students, and share responsibility for enforcement. These findings are promising for the sustainability of future tobacco control initiatives to further protect against the morbidity/mortality associated with smoking.

  18. Knowledge and attitude of secondary school teachers in Enugu to school based sex education. (United States)

    Aniebue, P N


    To assess the knowledge and attitude to sex education among secondary school teachers in Enugu. A cross sectional study of 300 teachers drawn from nine randomly selected secondary schools in Enugu metropolis was carried out. Pre-tested self administered structured questionnaire was used as instrument for data collection. Three hundred teachers, 215 females and 85 males were interviewed. The mean age of the teachers was 38.1+/-7.5 years. Sixty-nine (23.0%) had adequate knowledge of sex education and 282 (94.0%) approved the inclusion of sex education into the school curriculum. The commonest reason for disapproval of sex education was fear that it would lead to promiscuity amongst the students. Educational status and marital status of the teachers were significant determinants of positive attitude to sex education psex education according to the teachers is 11-15 years. Two hundred and thirty eight (79.3%) respondents were of the opinion that teachers needed to be trained to provide sex education to students and 244 (81.3%) admitted that sex education was not in the school curriculum. Secondary school teachers are in support of provision of sex education to students. However they need training and skills on how to present sex information in a positive manner to achieve the desired goal. There is need to include sex education in the school curriculum.


    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Maende Justus Barasa; Mbayah Judith Tsisiga


    .... In this regard, Kenyan government in 2008 began subsidized Secondary education. The purpose of this study therefore was to establish the role of subsidized secondary school funding programme in enhancing infrastructural development in Sabatia Sub-County...

  20. Social Networks and Students' Performance in Secondary Schools: Lessons from an Open Learning Centre, Kenya (United States)

    Muhingi, Wilkins Ndege; Mutavi, Teresia; Kokonya, Donald; Simiyu, Violet Nekesa; Musungu, Ben; Obondo, Anne; Kuria, Mary Wangari


    Given the known positive and negative effects of uncontrolled social networking among secondary school students worldwide, it is necessary to establish the relationship between social network sites and academic performances among secondary school students. This study, therefore, aimed at establishing the relationship between secondary school…

  1. School meals in French secondary state schools: Do national recommendations lead to healthier nutrition on offer? (United States)

    Bertin, Mélanie; Lafay, Lionel; Calamassi-Tran, Gloria; Volatier, Jean-Luc; Dubuisson, Carine


    To improve the dietary offering in schools, the French authorities published recommendations on nutrition in 1999, which were then revised in 2007. The aim of the present study was to assess the nutritional offering in secondary school meals and the extent to which the recommendations promote balanced nutritional offerings. In 2005, a national survey was conducted on a representative sample of secondary schools, either administrated by the Ministry of Education (ES) or the Ministry of Agriculture (AS). Information on school-catering organisation and twenty consecutive meals was collected from each of the 707 secondary schools surveyed. Nutritional composition was estimated according to the French food composition database. Univariate and multivariate analyses were used to investigate the impact of food-group frequency guidelines (FFG) on nutritional offering. It was found that 15 and 26 % of ES and AS schools, respectively, had high compliance with the FFG, at lunch. Macronutrient content was unbalanced in ES school lunches in which 42·8 % lipids, 21·5 % proteins and 35·7 % carbohydrates contributed to the energy. Nevertheless, proper offerings in Fe, Ca and vitamin C content were observed. In addition, a lower offering in lipids and a higher offering in proteins, Ca, vitamin C and Fe were found when the FFG were applied (P schools. This paper confirms the effectiveness of FFG in providing nutritionally balanced school meals. However, others measures such as nutrition promotion and actions to improve children's food habits have to be introduced to make the recommendations more effective and easier to understand.

  2. Implementation of CLIL in Lithuanian Secondary Schools: a Case Study

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    Vilma Bijeikienė


    Full Text Available In view of the existing research into the implementation of CLIL in Lithuania, it can be claimed that this wellestablished and globally applied teaching and learning methodology has already had some due appreciation in Lithuanian secondary schools. Nevertheless, there still exist numerous obstacles to the broader and more intensive application of CLIL which is strongly lagging behind in comparison to many other countries in Europe and world-wide. The present study aims at exploring the rich experience in CLIL implementation accumulated by Šiauliai Didždvario gymnasium and examining their multifaceted CLIL module which could be an important source of knowledge and practical know-how for other Lithuanian secondary education institutions planning to start implementing CLIL. The research follows a synthesis of qualitative and quantitative methodology including interviews with CLIL teachers, students and school administration. The study results in a SWOT analysis of implementing CLIL in Lithuania on the basis of CLIL practices at Šiauliai Didždvario gymnasium and sets forth some guidelines for its further advancement.

  3. The emergence of philosophy in Scottish secondary school Religious Education

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    Graeme Nixon


    Full Text Available This article considers changes in the subject Religious Education (RE within the context of Scottish secondary schools, charting a development towards the increasing use of philosophical skills and content. Before considering the nature, extent and timing of this development this article provides a broader context within which to understand educational change in Scotland. The emergent hypothesis is that Religious Education has become more philosophical as a result of changes in society (particularly secularisation, changes in education (particularly the move to reflective pedagogy, and also as a result of the close epistemological relationship between philosophy and religious education. This article adopts an interpretative research paradigm and considers quantitative and qualitative data drawn from a survey of 126 secondary schools and seventeen key informant interviews. Taken alongside existing reviews of policy and research literature this data demonstrate that three interlinked hypothetical strands have been at the heart of the move towards more philosophical Religious Education, although other possibilities are also raised and considered. This study also suggests areas for further research based on the above findings.

  4. Burnout amongst urban secondary school teachers in Namibia

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    Dap Louw


    Full Text Available Orientation: Burnout seems to be particularly common amongst professionals who help and enable people to cope with the demands of their daily lives.Motivation for the study: The study focused on the magnitude and nature of burnout amongst Namibian teachers as well as the influence of biographical factors on their levels of burnout. Another aim was to determine the extent to which the results of this study correlate with research findings in other countries.Research design, approach and method: The researchers used a non-experimental research method. The study involved more than 300 secondary school teachers from the Windhoek region of Namibia. They administered the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI and a biographical questionnaire to achieve the goals of the study.Main findings: The main findings of the study were that the participants experienced similar levels of burnout compared to teachers in other countries. This was especially true for emotional exhaustion. Teaching experience was the biographical variable that yielded the most significant positive correlation with burnout.Practical/managerial implications: The education authorities should address the emotional needs of secondary school teachers in Namibia urgently. They should introduce effective burnout intervention and prevention programmes. These programmes could result in higher levels of job satisfaction and educational effectiveness. They could also lead to increased general fulfilment and better teacher retention.

  5. School-based secondary prevention programmes for preventing violence. (United States)

    Mytton, J; DiGuiseppi, C; Gough, D; Taylor, R; Logan, S


    with data, SMD = -0.48; 95% CI -1.16 to 0.19, although this difference may have been due to chance and was not maintained, based on two studies reporting follow-up to two to four months (SMD = 0.03; 95% CI -0.42 to 0.47). Subgroup analyses suggested that interventions designed to improve relationship or social skills may be more effective than interventions designed to teach skills of non-response to provocative situations, but that benefits were similar when delivered to children in primary versus secondary school, and to groups of mixed sex versus boys alone. School-based secondary prevention programmes to reduce aggressive behaviour appear to produce improvements in behaviour greater than would have been expected by chance. Benefits can be achieved in both primary and secondary school age groups and in both mixed sex groups and boys-only groups. Further research is required to establish whether such programmes reduce the incidence of violent injuries or if the benefits identified can be maintained beyond 12 months.

  6. Are Primary School Students Exposed to Higher Noise Levels than Secondary School Students in Germany?

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    M Bhardwaj


    Full Text Available Background: Noise, one of the major environmental nuisances, affects the learning ability of children negatively. Objective: With the assumption that in the existing German 4-type school system children are exposed to various noise levels in each type of school, we investigated the association between children's school type and environmental noise level. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, we included 550 children—primary and secondary school students—aged 8–12 years, and who lived in 4 Bavarian cities. The environmental noise level was assessed by personal 24-h dosimeter measurements. The associations of interest were assessed by linear regression. Results: The average day noise level of 80.0 dB(A was relatively high, exceeding the threshold level of 60 dB(A. In the model adjusted for sex, socioeconomic status (SES, and place of residence, noise level was significantly higher for primary schools by almost 2.3 dB(A; however, after additional adjustments for age, this association was distorted. The mean night noise level of 43.7 dB(A was not associated with the school level. We could not find any significant differences in the noise level between different types of secondary schools. Conclusion: We found evidence that in Germany, children, especially of a younger age from primary school, are exposed to high noise levels during day in and outside the school environment. School administration and parents should work to make schools less noisy and more accomplished for learning to achieve a bright future for the children.

  7. Effects of Age, Gender, School Class on Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Skills of Nigerian Secondary School Students (United States)

    Onyeaso, Adedamola Olutoyin; Onyeaso, Chukwudi Ochi


    Background: The need for training of schoolchildren on cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) as potential bystander CPR providers is growing globally but Nigeria is still behind and lacks basic necessary data. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of age, gender and school class on CPR skills of Nigerian secondary school…

  8. Exploring a Secondary School Educator's Experiences of School Violence: A Case Study (United States)

    Bester, Suzanne; du Plessis, Alfred


    In an increasingly violent society, South African secondary school educators often need to manage violent learners. In the context of a challenging and uniquely South African educational environment, managing this escalating violence often leaves educators battling to cope with increasing demands for learner performance in the midst of an…

  9. Marketing Strategies and Students' Enrolment in Private Secondary Schools in Calabar Municipality, Cross River State, Nigeria (United States)

    Uchendu, Chika C.; Nwafor, Innocent A.; Nwaneri, Mary G.


    The study investigated marketing strategies and students' enrolment in private secondary schools in Calabar Municipality, Cross River State. One research question was raised and two null hypotheses formulated to guide the study. Thirty two (32) school administrators in 32 private secondary schools in the study area constitute the study population…

  10. Test Anxiety Prevalence and Gender Differences in a Sample of English Secondary School Students (United States)

    Putwain, Dave; Daly, Anthony L.


    The aim of this study was to estimate the proportion of students who report themselves as highly test anxious in a sample of English secondary schools and whether this proportion differed by gender. Self-report test anxiety data were collected from 2435 secondary school students in 11 schools. Results showed that 16.4% of the sample reported…

  11. Leadership Styles and Teachers' Job Satisfaction in Tanzanian Public Secondary Schools

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    Nyenyembe, Fabian W.; Maslowski, Ralf; Nimrod, Beatrice S.; Peter, Levina


    This study explores the relationship between leadership styles applied by school heads and teachers’ job satisfaction in Tanzanian secondary schools. Using a questionnaire, data in this study was collected from 180 teachers in ten secondary schools in Songea District in Tanzania. The most salient

  12. Leadership Styles and Teachers' Job Satisfaction in Tanzanian Public Secondary Schools (United States)

    Nyenyembe, Fabian W.; Maslowski, Ralf; Nimrod, Beatrice S.; Peter, Levina


    This study explores the relationship between leadership styles applied by school heads and teachers' job satisfaction in Tanzanian secondary schools. Using a questionnaire, data in this study was collected from 180 teachers in ten secondary schools in Songea District in Tanzania. The most salient finding of this study revealed that teachers were…

  13. Teacher's Professional Use of Information and Communication Technology in Secondary Schools in Tamil Nadu, India (United States)

    Nagamani, Deepa; Muthuswamy, Prema


    The purpose of the study is to evaluate secondary school teachers' abilities to use Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in schools in Tamil Nadu, India. Questionnaires method was used for data collection. Around 200 questionnaires were distributed to secondary school teachers and headmasters, in which 157 were completed and returned.…

  14. Using "Plasma TV" Broadcasts in Ethiopian Secondary Schools: A Brief Survey (United States)

    Bitew, Getnet Demissie


    The objective for this study is to investigate the contribution of the "plasma" mode of instruction to the school experiences of students in Government secondary schools in Ethiopia, as viewed by students, their parents and teachers, and by comparing it with experiences in Catholic secondary schools, which did not use "plasma".…

  15. Needful Implements in Improving the Study and Scholastic Skills of Nigerian Secondary School Students (United States)

    Adegoroye, Biodun-Smith; Ajagbe, Adesina Adunfe


    Showing concern about the consistent depreciation in expected study and scholastic behaviours among Secondary School students and the trailing failure in school test and exams and public exams, the authors gathered empirical report on the chosen variables among a randomly selected 1,200 secondary school students in JSS I, II, III, SSS I, II, III…

  16. A Time Profile of Mathematics in a "Gap Year" in Irish Secondary Schools (United States)

    Prendergast, Mark; O'Meara, Niamh


    The Irish education system is unique in an international context as it sets aside a full school year for a transition and youth development programme in the middle of secondary education. The Transition Year (TY) programme is an optional, full time programme offered in the majority of secondary schools. Each school designs its own programme,…

  17. Prevalence of Mobile Phone Dependence in Secondary School Adolescents. (United States)

    Nikhita, Chimatapu Sri; Jadhav, Pradeep R; Ajinkya, Shaunak A


    Mobile phones have become an essential part of modern human life. They have many attributes which makes them very attractive to both young and old. There has been an increasing trend of use of mobile phones among students. Data has now started emerging with respect to the negative physical and psychological consequences of excessive use of mobile phones. New research has shown excessive use of mobile phones leading to development of symptoms suggestive of dependence syndrome. To study the prevalence of Mobile Phone Dependence (MPD) in secondary school adolescents. Cross-sectional, observational study conducted in secondary section of English-medium schools at Navi Mumbai (India). Four hundred and fifteen students studying in 8(th), 9(th) and 10(th) standards of schools at Navi Mumbai (India) having personal mobile phone were randomly included in the study. Participant information like age, gender, family type, phone type, duration of use per day and years of mobile phone usage was recorded. They were administered an MPD questionnaire based upon the dependence syndrome criteria as per ICD-10. According to their responses, participants who fulfilled three or more of the diagnostic criteria were rated as having MPD. Mobile Phone Dependence was found in 31.33% of sample students. It was significantly associated with gender (p=0.003, OR=1.91, CI: 1.23-2.99), family type (p=0.0012), type of mobile phone used (pmobile phone (pmobile phone usage (p =0.004, OR=2.4, CI: 1.31-4.55). Mobile Phone Dependence has been found to be an emerging public health problem. There is need to recognize and identify early the growing trends and negative consequences of inappropriate mobile phone use in young users so as to generate awareness, and plan educational and treatment interventions, if need be, so as to prevent a major public health concern.

  18. Productivity in using school's resources: A case study of secondary school in Dumai, Riau Indonesia (United States)

    Rozamuri, Arif Murti; Suradi, Nur Riza Mohd


    Definition of good school's differs for every individual. The performance of the school's has always been an interesting discussion topic. This situation requires parents to be more selective for choosing the best school's for their child, especially in the efficient management of resources. This study evaluated changes in total productivity, technology, technical efficiency, and scale efficiency among 12 school of Dumai City in Riau Indonesia using DEA Malmquist Index. The inputs include number of teacher's, number of students, and number of classrooms while output is the number of students that passed the national examination. The results show that average efficiency of secondary school in Dumai City from 2011 to 2013 recorded good changes in terms of technical efficiency, pure technical efficiency and scale efficiency. However, technological and total factor productivity change do not show a positive change.

  19. Roadside observation of secondary school students' commuting to school in Vientiane, Laos. (United States)

    Ichikawa, Masao; Nakahara, Shinji; Phommachanh, Sysavanh; Mayxay, Mayfong; Kimura, Akio


    To investigate modes of secondary school students' commuting to school and their unsafe driving practices in Laos, we conducted a roadside observation in front of the gate of a selected school in central Vientiane in December 2011. Of the 544 students observed, the majority came to school on foot (43%), followed by motorcycle (36%), and bicycle (14%). Of the 195 students who commuted by motorcycle, 45 (23%) drove it themselves. Of the 150 students who commuted as pillion riders, 35 (23%) were driven by a student or another child driver. The prevalence of helmet use among students (3%) was much lower than adults (66%). It was common for adult drivers to wear a helmet but to leave student pillion riders unhelmeted on the same motorcycle. Carrying two or three pillion riders was also often observed. The study revealed the necessity for measures to promote safe travel to school.

  20. Teachers' stress intensifies violent disciplining in Tanzanian secondary schools. (United States)

    Hecker, Tobias; Goessmann, Katharina; Nkuba, Mabula; Hermenau, Katharin


    Violent forms of discipline in schools continue to be widespread across the globe despite their damaging effects. Since little is known about factors influencing the extent of violence applied by teachers, this study aimed to investigate the influence of teachers' stress, work satisfaction, and personal characteristics on their disciplining style. Using structural equation modeling, associations between violent discipline, burnout symptoms, and job perceptions (pressure and difficulties in class) reported by 222 teachers from 11 secondary schools in Tanzania in 2015 were analyzed. Results indicated a direct association between perceived stress and emotional violent discipline (β=.18, pstress also mediated the association between job perceptions and both forms of violent disciplining. The model showed good model fit (χ2 [44, n=222]=67.47 (p=.013), CFI=.94, TLI=.91, IFI=.94, RMSEA=.049 [90%-CI=.02-.07, PCLOSE=.50], SRMR=.06). Our findings suggest that teachers' personal perceptions of their work as well as their stress burden play a role in their disciplining styles. Our findings underline the importance of integrating topics, such as stress and coping as well as positive, nonviolent discipline measures into the regular teacher's training and in addition to develop and evaluate school-based preventative interventions for teachers. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.