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Sample records for saint lucia

  1. Reducing Health Disparities and Improving Health Equity in Saint Lucia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kisha Holden

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available St. Lucia is an island nation in the Eastern Caribbean, with a population of 179,000 people, where chronic health conditions, such as hypertension and diabetes, are significant. The purpose of this pilot study is to create a model for community health education, tracking, and monitoring of these health conditions, research training, and policy interventions in St. Lucia, which may apply to other Caribbean populations, including those in the U.S. This paper reports on phase one of the study, which utilized a mixed method analytic approach. Adult clients at risk for, or diagnosed with, diabetes (n = 157, and health care providers/clinic administrators (n = 42, were recruited from five healthcare facilities in St. Lucia to assess their views on health status, health services, and improving health equity. Preliminary content analyses indicated that patients and providers acknowledge the relatively high prevalence of diabetes and other chronic illnesses, recognize the impact that socioeconomic status has on health outcomes, and desire improved access to healthcare and improvements to healthcare infrastructures. These findings could inform strategies, such as community education and workforce development, which may help improve health outcomes among St. Lucians with chronic health conditions, and inform similar efforts among other selected populations.

  2. Effects of Protection and Sediment Stress on Coral Reefs in Saint Lucia.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chantale Bégin

    Full Text Available The extent to which Marine Protected Areas (MPAs benefit corals is contentious. On one hand, MPAs could enhance coral growth and survival through increases in herbivory within their borders; on the other, they are unlikely to prevent disturbances, such as terrestrial runoff, that originate outside their boundaries. We examined the effect of spatial protection and terrestrial sediment on the benthic composition of coral reefs in Saint Lucia. In 2011 (10 to 16 years after MPAs were created, we resurveyed 21 reefs that had been surveyed in 2001 and analyzed current benthic assemblages as well as changes in benthic cover over that decade in relation to protection status, terrestrial sediment influence (measured as the proportion of terrigenous material in reef-associated sediment and depth. The cover of all benthic biotic components has changed significantly over the decade, including a decline in coral and increase in macroalgae. Protection status was not a significant predictor of either current benthic composition or changes in composition, but current cover and change in cover of several components were related to terrigenous content of sediment deposited recently. Sites with a higher proportion of terrigenous sediment had lower current coral cover, higher macroalgal cover and greater coral declines. Our results suggest that terrestrial sediment is an important factor in the recent degradation of coral reefs in Saint Lucia and that the current MPA network should be complemented by measures to reduce runoff from land.

  3. Monitoring Persistent Volcanic Emissions from Sulphur Springs, Saint Lucia: A Community Approach to Disaster Risk Reduction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joseph, E. P.; Beckles, D. M.; Cox, L.; Jackson, V. B.; Alexander, D.

    2014-12-01

    Volcanic and geothermal emissions are known natural sources of volatiles to the atmosphere. Volcanogenic air pollutants known to cause the most serious impact are carbon dioxide (CO2), sulphur dioxide (SO2), hydrogen chloride (HCl) and hydrogen fluoride (HF). Some studies into the potential for volcanic emissions to produce chronic diseases in humans indicate that areas of major concern include respiratory problems, particularly silicosis (Allen et al. 2000; Baxter et al. 1999; Buist et al. 1986), psychological stress (Shore et al. 1986), and chemical impacts of gas or ash (Giammanco et al. 1998). Sulphur Springs Park in Saint Lucia has a very high recreational value with >200,000 visitors annually, while the nearby town of Soufrière has >8,400 residents. Residents and visitors have raised concerns about the volcanic emissions and its health effects. As part of the volcanic surveillance programme undertaken by the UWI, Seismic Research Centre (SRC) in Saint Lucia, a new monitoring network has been established for quantifying the ambient SO2 in air, to which staff and visitors at the volcanic park are exposed to. The implementation and continued operation of this network has involved the training of local personnel in the active field sampling and analytical techniques required for the assessment of ambient SO2 concentrations, using a low cost monitor as well as commercial passive samplers. This approach recognizes that environmental hazards are a usual part of life and productive livelihoods, and to minimize post-disaster response and recovery it is beneficial to promote preparedness and mitigation, which is best achieved at the local level with community involvement. It is also intended that the volcanic emissions monitoring network could be used as a method to establish and maintain community-based initiatives that would also be helpful when volcanic threat manifests.

  4. A Collaborative Approach to Monitoring Ambient Volcanogenic Pollution at Sulphur Springs, Saint Lucia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joseph, E. P.; Beckles, D. M.; Cox, L.; Jackson, V. B.; Alexander, D.

    2015-12-01

    The role of volcano tourism is recognized as an important contributor to the economy of volcanic islands in the Lesser Antilles. However, if it is to be promoted as a sustainable sector of the tourism industry, visitors, tour operators, and vendors must be made aware of the potential health hazards facing them in volcanic environments. Volcanogenic air pollutants are of primary concern in this setting. In general, no warning signs, guidelines for recreational use, or emissions monitoring currently exists to provide warning to the public to decrease their vulnerability to the potential risks, or to minimize the liability of the agencies managing these areas. Sulphur Springs Park in Saint Lucia is a popular international destination, and concerns about the volcanic emissions and its possible health effect have been raised by visitors, staff, and management of the Park. As part of the responsibility of the UWI, Seismic Research Centre (SRC) to provide volcanic surveillance through its geothermal monitoring programme, a network was established for quantifying the ambient SO2 concentrations at Sulphur Springs in order to assess the potential risk of unsafe exposure. This effort required collaboration with the National Emergency Management Organization (NEMO) of Saint Lucia, as well as the staff and management of the Soufrière Regional Development Foundation (SRDF). Local personnel were trained in the active field sampling and analytical techniques required for the assessment of ambient SO2 concentrations over the monitoring period, thereby contributing to an active community-based effort. This type of approach was also thought to be an effective option for scientists to engage communities as partners in disaster risk reduction. Lessons learnt from this experience are presented for the benefit of other citizen monitoring projects, including its use as a tool for promoting volcanic hazard education, and enhancing communication and understanding between geoscientists and

  5. Saint Lucia's worship by fishermans and sailors in Trapani between 16th and 17th centuries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michele Giacalone

    2006-02-01

    Full Text Available This work is focused on the identification of the whole body of a stony epigraphic and figure document, belonging to the town of Trapani. Up to know this document, of the XVII century, has been considered preserved only partly, and for what regards the prominent remaining part, that was the figure part, it was known only thanks to an Eighteenth century transcription endowed with a drawing. On the one hand, regarding the figure plaque, it is shown the monumental complex which it belongs to i.e. the Church of Santa Lucia in Trapani, today fallen into disuse, in relation to the historical evolution of the urban area of Trapani; on the other hand, it is highlightened its historical-social and historical-religious importance, since it expresses the devotions of the fishermen and seamen social classes of Trapani, who asked this document as memorial of a very lucky coral fishing. The epigraphic and figure text allows to read the most deep-rooted faith trends into some definite social classes of the society of the Trapani society, from the end of the Medieval Age till now. This document can be considered as an extraordinary nautical chart about the whole coast of Trapani, as it equipped with correct indicationsabout distances and paths, and geomorphologic and toponymic exact indications.

  6. The role of water and sediment connectivity in integrated flood management: a case study on the island of Saint Lucia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jetten, Victor; van Westen, Cees; Ettema, Janneke; van den Bout, Bastian

    2016-04-01

    Disaster Risk Management combines the effects of natural hazards in time and space, with elements at risk, such as ourselves, infrastructure or other elements that have a value in our society. The risk in this case is defined as the sum of potential consequences of one or more hazards and can be expressed as potential damages. Generally, we attempt to reduce risk by better risk management, such as increase of resilience, protection and spatial planning. Caribbean islands are hit by hurricanes and tropical storms with a frequency of 1 to 2 every 10 years, with devastating consequences in terms of flash floods and landslides. The islands basically consist of a central (volcanic) mountain range, with medium and small sized catchments radiating outward towards the ocean. The coastal zone is inhabited, while the ring road network is essential for functioning of the island. An example of a case study is given for the island of Saint Lucia. Recorded rainfall intensities during tropical storms of 12 rainfall stations surpass 200 mm/h, causing immediate flash floods. Very often however, sediment is a forgotten variable in flash flood management: protection and mitigation measures as well as spatial planning all focus on the hydrology, the extent and depth of flood water, and sometimes of flood velocities. With recent developments, the opensource model LISEM includes hydrology and runoff, flooding, and erosion, transport and deposition both in runoff, channel flow and flood waters. We will discuss the practical solutions we implemented in connecting slopes, river channels and floodplains in terms of water and sediment, and the strength and weaknesses we have encountered so far. Catchment analysis shows two main effects: on the one hand in almost all cases upstream flooding serves as a temporary water storage that prevents further damage downstream, while on the other hand, erosion upstream often blocks bridges and decreases channel storage downstream, which increases the

  7. An evaluation of ambient sulphur dioxide concentrations from passive degassing of the Sulphur Springs, Saint Lucia geothermal system: Implications for human health

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joseph, Erouscilla P.; Beckles, Denise M.; Cox, Leonette; Jackson, Viveka B.; Alexander, Dominic

    2015-10-01

    Sulphur Springs Park in Saint Lucia is a site of energetic geothermal activity associated with the potentially active Soufrière Volcanic Centre. The Park is one of Saint Lucia's most important tourist attractions, and is marketed as the 'world's only drive-in volcano'. It has an on-site staff of tour guides and vendors, as well as over 200,000 visitors annually. There are also a number of residents living in the areas bordering the Park. Recreational use is made of the geothermal waters for bathing, application of mud masques, and in some cases drinking. As part of the University of the West Indies, Seismic Research Centre's (UWI-SRC's) overall volcano monitoring programme for Saint Lucia, the volcanic emissions at Sulphur Springs (hot springs, mud pools and fumaroles) have been regularly monitored since 2001. In recent years, visitors, staff, and management at the Park have expressed concern about the health effects of exposure to volcanic emissions from the hydrothermal system. In response to this, SRC has expanded its regular geothermal monitoring programme to include a preliminary evaluation of ambient sulphur dioxide (SO2) concentrations in and around the Park, to assess the possible implications for human health. Passive diffusion tubes were used to measure the atmospheric SO2 concentrations at various sites in Sulphur Springs Park (SSP), in the town of Soufrière and in the capital of Castries. Measurements of average monthly ambient SO2 with the passive samplers indicated that during the dry season period of April to July 2014 concentration at sites closest to the main vents at SSP (Group 1), which are routinely used by staff and visitors, frequently exceeded the WHO 10-minute AQG for SO2 of 500 μg/m3. However, for sites that were more distal to the main venting area (Groups 2 and 3), the average monthly ambient SO2 did not exceed the WHO 10-minute AQG for SO2 of 500 μg/m3 during the entire monitoring period. The measured concentrations and dispersion

  8. African Journals Online: Saint Lucia

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Faeroe Islands, Falkland Islands (Malvinas), Fiji, Finland, France, France, MEtropolitan, French Guiana, French Polynesia, French Southern Territories, Gabon, Gambia, The, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Gibraltar, Greece, Greenland, Grenada, Guam, Guatemala ...

  9. African Journals Online: Saint Bartelemey

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... Romania, Russian Federation, Rwanda, Saint Bartelemey, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Self-Pay, Senegal, Serbia, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Sint Maarten (Dutch part), Slovakia (Slovak Republic), Slovenia ...

  10. Energy Transition Initiative: Island Energy Snapshot - St. Lucia (Fact Sheet)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2015-02-01

    This profile provides a snapshot of the electricity generation or reduction technologies, including solar hot water heating, available to Saint Lucia, one of six Caribbean countries that make up the Windward Islands - the southern arc of the Lesser Antilles chain - at the eastern end of the Caribbean Sea. Heating and transportation fuels are not addressed.

  11. Language Attitudes in St. Lucia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lieberman, Dena

    1975-01-01

    Presents results of the application of the matched guise--a method requiring respondents to evaluate the personality traits of speakers whose tape-recorded voices are played to them--to a sample of bilingual Saint Lucians. Results indicate that Saint Lucian bilinguals have different evaluative reactions to their two languages, English and a French…

  12. The LUCIA beamline at SOLEIL.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vantelon, D; Trcera, N; Roy, D; Moreno, T; Mailly, D; Guilet, S; Metchalkov, E; Delmotte, F; Lassalle, B; Lagarde, Pierre; Flank, A-M

    2016-03-01

    Commissioned in May 2004 on the SLS machine, the LUCIA beamline was moved to the synchrotron SOLEIL during the summer of 2008. To take advantage of this new setting several changes to its design were introduced. Here, a review of the various improvements of the mechanics and, mostly, of the optics is given. Described in detail are the results of a new multilayer grating monochromator implemented on the Kohzu vessel already holding the two-crystal set-up. It consists of a grating grooved onto a multilayer (replacing the first crystal) associated to a multilayer (as a second crystal). It allows a shift of the low-energy limit of the beamline to around 500 eV with an energy resolution and a photon flux comparable with those of the previous couples of crystals (KTP and beryl).

  13. Le atmosfere di Lucia Romualdi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matilde Amaturo

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Lucia Romualdi is an artist active since the 70s in the context of conceptual art. Since 1989 she has been working to a close dialogue with musical languages. Her oeuvreis basically focuses on the relationship between space, music and light, and so she creates performances made of optical equipments which turn on and off according to musical rhythms, that are taken not only from original sound scores, but also from old movies soundtracks and thatare mostly structured on the reading of mathematical rules of solids and voids which do inspire her extremely unusual selected locations. Golden measures, music and sea are her main topics. The sea, in particular, is the element that merges Lucia Romualdi’s artistic journeys, always symbolically marked by the numbers of harbour tides, or through the projection of minimal digital images from old movies and/or showing sea animals taken from ancient manuscripts and printed books. The real structure of the places changes, and it is perceived in a total, complete emotional immersion, measured by mathematical and musical scores, too. You just have to be dazzled by such very personal atmospheres whether in Malibu, Chicago, Antwerp, Prato, Naples, Rome or Samorin. The artist let the visitor be an active protagonist of the visual experience, and he himself is required to establish a connection, apparently indefinite, which becomes certain in that time. The performance concretely experienced by the visitor, by his own hearing and viewing, with his total physical immersion in a not tangible but special space, transcends the architectural context; and only in this way it provides him a contact, a fusion of physical awareness and sentimental emotion, which throws the visitor in a field that is ‘other’, and therefore different.

  14. Lucia Jig - temporomandibular dysfunction promotes muscle relaxation?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cintia Piccolo Pereira

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Assess whether the Lucia Jig is a device that promotes masticatory muscle relaxation in individuals with temporomandibular dysfunction. This study was carried out in three stages (interviews, clinical examination, and laboratory and participation of adult individuals, between 21 and 40 years of age, of both genders, who replied to the RDC/TMD questionnaire to diagnose muscular temporomandibular dysfunction. The Lucia Jig was prepared and electromyographic examination of the masseter and temporal muscles was performed bilaterally, in the postural condition of the mandibular at rest, after immediately installing the Lucia Jig in the oral cavity and at periods of 5, 10, 15, 20, and 30 min. The values obtained were compared using repeated measures (p < 0.05 over the entire duration of the experiment (0 to 30 min with the Lucia Jig. There was an increase in the normalized electromyographic signal of the masticatory muscles, with the use of the Lucia Jig over the period of 30 min, with no statistically significant difference. Based on the results of this study through electromyographic data, the device did not promote masticatory muscle relaxation in individuals with muscular temporomandibular dysfunction.

  15. Kolmapäeval kroonitakse Raekoja platsil Lucia

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Püha Lucia ehk luutsinapäeval kroonitakse heade jõulude kehastaja ja soojuse ning valguse tooja Lucia. Krooni valmistas Rootsi suursaatkonna algatatud konkursi võitja Sandra Savelli Eesti Kunstiakdeemiast

  16. Ticks on livestock in St. Lucia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garris, G I; Scotland, K

    1985-12-01

    Cattle, sheep, goats and horses were examined for ticks. Over 95% of Holstein cross-breeds, 28% of sheep (local mixed breeds) and 18% of goats (local mixed breeds) examined from 18 August to 4 September 1983 were infested with the southern cattle tick, Boophilus microplus Canestrini. About 90 and 17% of the horses examined were infested with the tropical horse tick, Anocentor nitens Neumann, and the tropical bont tick, Amblyomma variegatum Fabricius, respectively. The tropical bont tick was found infesting 10% of cattle in the Gros Islet area of St. Lucia. The tropical bont tick was also found associated with a severe skin disease, dermatophilosis, caused by the bacterium Dermatophilus congolensis, in 54% of the cattle infested by A. variegatum in the Gros Islet and Dauphin areas of St. Lucia.

  17. The potential for zoobenthic fauna dispersal into the St Lucia ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The onset of a prolonged drought in the St Lucia catchment in 2002 and subsequent mouth closure raised concern for the biota of the estuary. Ezemvelo KZN Wildlife proposed a scheme whereby the Mfolozi–Msunduzi mouth would be closed, causing fresh water to enter the St Lucia Estuary to prevent excessively ...

  18. Saint Blase, patron saint of otorhinolaryngology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Til-Pérez, G; Tomás-Barberán, M; Magri-Ruiz, C

    2001-04-01

    Otorhinolaryngology is one of the few medical specialities which has a patron saint, Saint Blase (born 317-AD). He was a Doctor and Bishop in Sebaste, Armenia, and he suffered martyrdom under the rule of the Roman Emperor Licinio (Iliria 250 AD - Tsalonica 325 AD). He was acknowledged as having the ability to protect people against throat infections, after curing a child who had choked on a fishbone. The feast of Saint Blase is on February 3rd, and it is celebrated all over the Western world. There are many other Saints related to our speciality, who protect people against ear, nose and throat disorders. We have reviewed the world literature on this subject.

  19. Energy production and use in St. Lucia with particular focus on renewable energy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Corbin, C. [Ministry of Finance and Planning, (Saint Lucia)

    1999-11-01

    Since the 1983 Conference of the Heads of Government of the Caribbean Community (CARICOM) when the Regional Energy Action Plan (REAP) was adopted, a number of initiatives were launched aimed at commercialization of renewable energy in the Caribbean but have had limited success. Renewable energy technologies provide less than 2 percent of the region's commercial energy. A number of barriers to the commercialization of renewable energy in the Caribbean have been identified, such as the lack of a policy framework, lack of appropriate feasibility studies, lack of financing and the lack of awareness and institutional capacity. With the availability of cost competitive renewable energy technologies, and rising concerns about climate change and the vulnerability of the small island states, a renewal of efforts for commercialization of renewable energy in the small island states can be seen among regional and international organizations. Saint Lucia's National Environmental Action Plan (1997) called for a comprehensive study of the energy consumption patterns of all sectors of the economy, a strategy to improve end-use efficiency and a program to achieve set targets. The need for contribution of renewable sources of energy to the energy mix was raised and opportunities to exploit these were to be pursued. There is an urgent need to develop a comprehensive energy policy that will address issues of: Price stability; Quality; Security of supplies; Efficiency of consumption, generation and distribution; Renewable energy use and environmental impacts; Utility regulation; Clean energy technologies; and Obligations under international agreements such as the Kyoto Protocol. Small island tropical states such as St. Lucia, due to their unique geographical conditions are especially suited to utilize combinations of modern renewable energy technologies. Small island states are among the most vulnerable to the effects of sea level and climate change even though they are least

  20. Saints and Sainthood

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bandak, Andreas

    2018-01-01

    Saints are central for personal devotion, as intercessors and mediators between humanity and God, and as models for emulation. Relationships with and images of saints and holy figures are by no means fixed, but have developed, mirrored and challenged different times and cultures. Sainthood is a p...

  1. iSiLucia: Back channel and weir design

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Van Alphen, S.; Reijmerink, B.; Stoeten, K.; Tuin, H.; Vinke, D.J.

    2011-01-01

    This report describes the process of the design of the “Waterdraer”, a new connection between the Mfolozi and the St Lucia estuary. The different process steps of Systems Engineering have been used as a guideline during the design. In short, the main goal of the Waterdraer is to transport fresh

  2. The Burning Saints

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Xygalatas, Dimitris

    of the Greek fire-walking rituals. As a cognitive ethnography, the book aims to identify the social, psychological and neurobiological factors which may be involved and to explore the role of emotional and physiological arousal in the performance of such ritual. A study of participation, experience and meaning......The Anastenaria are Orthodox Christians in Northern Greece who observe a unique annual ritual cycle focused on two festivals, dedicated to Saint Constantine and Saint Helen. The festivals involve processions, music, dancing, animal sacrifices, and culminate in an electrifying fire-walking ritual...

  3. Development of a halotolerant community in the St. Lucia Estuary (South Africa) during a hypersaline phase

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Carrasco, Nicola K; Perissinotto, Renzo

    2012-01-01

    The St. Lucia Estuary, Africa's largest estuarine lake, is currently experiencing unprecedented freshwater deprivation which has resulted in a northward gradient of drought effects, with hypersaline...

  4. St Lucia is one of the largest estuarine systems in Africa and forms ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    denise

    of anglers visit St Lucia each year, and the economy of the region relies to a large extent ... Socio-economic aspects of the fishery were also investigated by conducting an independent boat-angler survey. The value of the recreational ...... VAN DER ELST, R. [P.] 1977 — The St Lucia sport fishery – a 21 year catch analysis.

  5. Calculating the affordability of antiretrovirals in St Lucia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reddock, J R; Grignon, M

    2013-01-01

    The cost of antiretrovirals is borne by donors in many low- and middle-income countries, including St Lucia. Although donor involvement has facilitated access to antiretrovirals, donor engagement in HIV/AIDS has changed over the years. This paper assesses the affordability of antiretrovirals at the individual level if donors were no longer available to fund the cost of first and second-line antiretrovirals and a prospective third-line regimen. Various conceptions of affordability are reviewed using different assumptions of what is required to maintain a standard of living that would avoid individuals descending into poverty as a result of antiretroviral purchases. These concepts of affordability are operationalized using data from the Household Budgeting Survey conducted in St Lucia in 2005/2006. While there is a range of results for the affordability of first and second-line antiretrovirals depending on which standard of affordability is used, third-line antiretrovirals are unaffordable to more than 80% of the population across the four standards of affordability used - the national poverty line, 50% of median annual consumption, 10% of annual consumption and a proposed reasonable minimum standard.

  6. IL SEPPELLIMENTO DI S. LUCIA CARAVAGGIO E LA BIBLIOTECA DIGITALE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francesca Salvemini

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available

    Tra reificazione e anastilosi documentale, interpretazione dei pittori che copiarono e restaurarono le sue opere, astrazione di antiquari e bibliofili, il recupero del bene artistico e culturale in un indice bibliografico della fortuna del Seppellimento di S. Lucia, dipinto sulla tela a grande formato, a grandezza naturale. Nel sistema iconclassl’indimenticabile avventura del ‘brutto’, né falso né vero nel viaggio in Italia tra le rovine, fra eventi catastrofici e conservazione. Fruizione, estrapolazione ed incetta del mercato, la flagranza  dell’autografia inedita nel sublime: l’irreparabile e l’irreperibile nella cronistoria del gusto. Dall’edizione anastatica, dai microfilms e microfi shes degli originali all’e-book, la riproducibilità della scansione digitale in formato PDF nella storia della ‘legenda’ (avvertenza al lettore: la datazione delle ristampe è affidata all’impronta tipografica.

    The burial of Santa Lucia Caravaggio and the digital library

    Among anastylosis and reassembly and among documental interpretation of the painters who copied and restored his works, and abstraction of antique dealers and bibliophiles, the recovery of an object of art and culture in a bibliography of the luck of the Burial of St. Lucia, painted on large format canvas, on life size. In the Iconclass system the adventure non-objectifi able of the 'ugly', neither true nor false, while traveling through the ruins in Sicily, between the catastrophic events as the earthquakes and the history of restoration and retro-spective conservation of the masterpiece. Over the fruition, and the buying up and the extrapolation of the market, the sublime of the unpublished and flagrante authorship of both through the missed out either through the missing in the history of taste along with the religious feeling. From facsimile editions and original microfilms and micro

  7. Evaluation of the St. Lucia geothermal resource: macroeconomic models

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Burris, A.E.; Trocki, L.K.; Yeamans, M.K.; Kolstad, C.D.

    1984-08-01

    A macroeconometric model describing the St. Lucian economy was developed using 1970 to 1982 economic data. Results of macroeconometric forecasts for the period 1983 through 1985 show an increase in gross domestic product (GDP) for 1983 and 1984 with a decline in 1985. The rate of population growth is expected to exceed GDP growth so that a small decline in per capita GDP will occur. We forecast that garment exports will increase, providing needed employment and foreign exchange. To obtain a longer-term but more general outlook on St. Lucia's economy, and to evaluate the benefit of geothermal energy development, we applied a nonlinear programming model. The model maximizes discounted cumulative consumption.

  8. Management and sediment dynamics of the St. Lucia Estuary mouth, Zululand, South Africa

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wright, C. I.; Mason, T. R.

    1993-11-01

    St. Lucia Estuary is on the subtropical, predominantly microtidal Zululand coast of South Africa. Lake St. Lucia's surface area fluctuates between 420 and 215 km2 and has a mean depth of less than 1 m. The 21-km-long narrows connects Lake St. Lucia with the Indian Ocean. Tidal effects penetrate 14 km up the narrows. The St. Lucia system has changed substantially since the 1930s due to bad farming techniques within its catchment. Large amounts of sediment were deposited in the estuary mouth, resulting in relocation of the Mfolozi River mouth to the south at Mapelane. The St. Lucia catchment was subjected to two devastating floods in the last ten years: Cyclone Domoina during February 1984 and the September 1987 cutoff low flood. After floods scoured out the estuary, marine sand advanced up the estuary at a rate of 1200 m/y as a series of flood-tidal deltas. Over 600,000 m3 of sediment accumulated in the St. Lucia Estuary mouth from February 1988 to November 1989. Of this amount, 466,000 m3 of sediment was removed by dredging, although this has not stopped the shoaling. During high rainfall years, the estuary mouth is able to maintain an open outlet to the sea, but as lake levels drop, shoaling causes the mouth to constrict and eventually close. Without the dredging program the mouth would ultimately close during low rainfall years, causing management problems.

  9. Genetic diversity and seed production in Santa Lucia fir (Abies bracteata),a relict of the Miocene broadleaved evergreen forest

    Science.gov (United States)

    F. Thomas Ledig; Paul D. Hodgskiss; David R. Johnson

    2006-01-01

    Santa Lucia fir (Abies bracteata), is a unique fir, the sole member of the subgenus Pseudotorreya. It is a relict of the Miocene broadleaved evergreen sclerophyll forest, and is now restricted to a highly fragmented range in the Santa Lucia Mountains of central coastal California. Expected heterozygosity for 30 isozyme loci in 18 enzyme systems...

  10. EAARL-B Submerged Topography - Saint Croix and Saint Thomas, U.S. Virgin Islands, 2014

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Binary point-cloud data for part of the submerged environs of Saint Croix and Saint Thomas, U.S. Virgin Islands, were produced from remotely sensed, geographically...

  11. 8 CFR 286.1 - Definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ..., Marie-Galante, Martinique, Miquelon, Montserrat, Saba, Saint Barthélemy, Saint Christopher, Saint Eustatius, Saint Kitts-Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Maarten, Saint Martin, Saint Pierre, Saint Vincent and...

  12. The response of the diatom flora of St Lucia Lake and estuary, South ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Lake St. Lucia, South Africa's largest estuarine system, was isolated from the sea by a beach berm throughout a severe drought from 2002 to 2007, with the lake water level being extremely low over much of its total area. A reverse salinity gradient resulted, with the lowest salinity in the south near the sea and the highest in ...

  13. Status of the estuarine fish fauna in the St Lucia Estuarine System ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The Lake St Lucia Estuarine System, South Africa, has been under pressure due to recent drought conditions, which led to extreme low lake levels, hypersaline conditions and closure of the mouth. The estuary mouth closed in June 2002 and has remained so for more than two-and-a-half years. A lack of information on ...

  14. Sustainable development and the environment: lessons from the St Lucia environmental impact assessment

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Kruger, FJ

    1997-01-01

    Full Text Available The environmental impact assessment (ETA) on the effects of the proposed mining on the Eastern Shores of Lake St Lucia was arguably the largest and most transparent yet undertaken on the African continent. It assessed the consequences of proposed...

  15. Mapping coastal & estuarine vegetation using VHR satellite imagery in St Lucia

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Lück-Vogel, Melanie

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The iSimangaliso Wetland Park in which the St Lucia estuary is embedded hosts the largest estuarine system in Africa (155 000 Ha). Remote sensing mapping of the composition of the otherwise largely inaccessible estuarine vegetation provides a...

  16. Penaeid prawns in the St Lucia Lake System: Post-larval recruitment ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Recruitment of post-larval penaeid prawns and the bait prawn fishery in the St Lucia Lake System were monitored for two years before and one year after Cyclone Domoina. Post-larval Penaeus indicus Milne-Edwards, P. monodon Fabricius, P. japonicus Bate, P. semisulcatus de Haan and Metapenaeus monoceros ...

  17. Argulus izintwala n. sp. (Crustacea: Branchiura) from Lake St Lucia, South Africa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van As, J G; Van As, L L

    2001-01-01

    During surveys of the fish parasites of Lake St Lucia on the coast of northern KwaZulu-Natal, specimens of an hitherto undescribed argulid were found on the skin of the kelee shad Hilsa kelee (Cuvier). This, only the fourth argulid species to be found in South African coastal waters, is here described as Argulus izintwala n. sp.

  18. Sea fishes spawning pelagic eggs in the St Lucia estuary | Connell ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    During September 1993, after the St Lucia estuary had been closed to the sea for about nine months, two samples of live plankton were collected at the mouth inside the closed estuary. Fish eggs from these samples were hatched and identified by the characteristics of the eggs and early larvae. Pomadasys commersonnii ...

  19. African Journals Online: Saint Kitts and Nevis

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    African Journals Online: Saint Kitts and Nevis. Home > African Journals Online: Saint Kitts and Nevis. Log in or Register to get access to full text downloads. Username, Password, Remember me, or Register · Browse By Category · Browse Alphabetically · Browse By Country · List All Titles · Free to read Titles This Journal is ...

  20. Saint Sebastian and the Black Death.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gelpi, A P

    1998-06-01

    The martyrdom of Saint Sebastian is one of the most enduring themes in Western religious art. The execution scene so often portrayed - with the Saint transfixed with arrows - is based on the legend about his life and death during the reign of the Roman emperor, Diocletian. However, it is the symbolic association of arrows with the Black Death - during the Middle Ages and during the Renaissance - which identifies Sebastian as the patron saint of plague victims. After more than four centuries of recurrent epidemics, the plague died out in Europe; but the image of St. Sebastian continued to inspire artists until the end of the 19th century.

  1. DIAGNOSTICA PER IMMAGINI DI UN CAPOLAVORO DI CARAVAGGIO IMMAGINI OLTRE IL VISIBILE PER IL SEPPELLIMENTO DI SANTA LUCIA PROVENIENTE DALLA CHIESA DI SANTA LUCIA AL SEPOLCRO DI SIRACUSA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernanda Prestileo

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available

    Il 28 maggio 1606 Michelangelo Merisi fugge da Roma dove non fará mai piú ritorno; l’ultimo duello gli è costato la condanna a morte. Iniziano per lui gli anni della latitanza, anni che trascorrerá tra Napoli, Malta e la Sicilia. Nel suo passaggio in Sicilia, Caravaggio realizza dipinti di eccezionale qualitá, sicuramente tra i piú belli della sua breve e intensa esistenza. Nell’isola l’artista arriva nell’ottobre del 1608, dopo l’ennesima fuga, questa volta da Malta. La sua prima tappa siciliana è Siracusa, dove vive un artista suo amico: Mario Minniti. Da lui trova riparo e lavoro perché dipinge su commissione una grande tela per la chiesa di Santa Lucia al Sepolcro, Il Seppellimento di Santa Lucia, realizzata in un breve lasso di tempo, trasferendosi Caravaggio a Messina nel dicembre dello stesso anno.

     

    Diagnostic campaign on Caravaggio’s painting

    The Assessorato dei Beni Culturali e dell’Identità Siciliana, Diparti-mento dei Beni Culturali e  dell'Identitá Siciliana, Regione Siciliana (i nomi italiani tutti in corsivo has carried out a diagnostic cam-paign on the painting Il Seppellimento di Santa Lucia (oil on canvas, 1608 by Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio, in order to evaluate the state of conservation of the work of art before its return to Syracu-se, in the Church of S. Lucia al Sepolcro (the original placing from which the painting was removed at the end of the Seventies due to the unsuitable and unstable environment conditions of the exhibi-tion area, which inevitably led to its bad conservation conditions. The diagnostic campaign has been carried out in situ with portable instruments, for a one-month period, during the open exhibition in the Regional Gallery of Sicily of Palazzo Abatellis in Palermo, where the painting has temporarily been displayed in 2006. The investigations were aimed at having a deeper knowledge of the work of art with reference

  2. Probability Arguments in Criminal Law - Illustrated by the Case of Lucia de Berk

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Herman Philipse

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Which logic of probability should be applied with regard to factual hypotheses in criminal cases? In this article, I discuss two possible logical reconstructions of the so-called Coincidence Argument, which played a crucial role in the conviction of Lucia de Berk by the Court of Appeal of The Hague (Gerechtshof ’s-Gravenhage in 2004. If the argument is construed as an instance of the Law of Likelihood, nothing follows with regard to the probability that Lucia was a serial killer. If, however, the Argument from Coincidence may be interpreted charitably as an instance of Bayesian updating, the Court of The Hague did not fathom the diversity of the data needed in order to make it sound. Clearly, the Court had an insufficient grasp of the logic involved in the Coincidence Argument. Since this example is not atypical, I recommend law faculties to include probability logic (inter alia in their courses on legal reasoning.

  3. Evaluation of the St. Lucia geothermal resource: engineering investigation and cost estimate

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Altseimer, J.H.; Edeskuty, F.J.; Taylor, W.B.; Williamson, K.D. Jr.

    1984-08-01

    An engineering and economic study of the development of geothermal energy in St. Lucia has given cost estimates for electricity and process heat produced from the geothermal energy, identified additional industries that are worthy of further examination, and developed methods for examining the economic impact of this new energy source. Costs have been estimated for electricity produced from geothermal energy, by diesel engines used only during peak power demand, by diesel engines producing the total electricity requirement, by an oil-fired steam-power plant, and by a coal-fired steam-power plant. Costs have also been estimated for thermal energy to be used for industrial process heat under various conditions of transport distances, capacity factors, and temperature requirements. Several industries that may be attracted to St. Lucia by the development of geothermal energy have been identified.

  4. Groundwater-dependent ecology of the shoreline of the subtropical Lake St Lucia estuary

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taylor, Ricky; Kelbe, Bruce; Haldorsen, Sylvi; Botha, Greg A.; Wejden, Bente; Været, Lars; Simonsen, Marianne B.

    2006-02-01

    The ecology of the St Lucia estuary in South Africa is of unique international importance. During droughts the estuary experiences high salinities, with values above that of seawater. Ion-poor groundwater flowing into the estuary from prominent sand aquifers along its eastern shoreline forms low-salinity habitats for salt-sensitive biota. During droughts, plants and animals can take refuge in the groundwater discharge zone until the condition in the estuary regains tolerable salinity. Simulations of the groundwater discharge indicate that the flow can persist during droughts over at least a decade, and be of great important for the resilience of the estuary. Anthropogenic activities have reduced the river inflow and made the St Lucia estuary more sensitive to droughts. The groundwater has thereby become increasingly important for the estuary’s ecology. Protection of the groundwater discharge along the shoreline itself and actions to increase the groundwater recharge are therefore important management tasks.

  5. Anthropogenic impacts on the water and salt budgets of St Lucia estuarine lake in South Africa

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lawrie, Robynne A.; Stretch, Derek D.

    2011-05-01

    Lake St Lucia in South Africa is part of a UNESCO World Heritage site and a Ramsar wetland of international importance. Like many coastal wetlands worldwide, anthropogenic activities including catchment land-use changes, water diversions/abstractions, and manipulation of the mouth state have significantly affected its functioning over the past century. Questions concerning its sustainability have motivated a re-evaluation of management decisions made in the past and of options for the future. A model for the water and salt budgets has therefore been used to investigate "what if" scenarios in terms of past anthropogenic interventions. In particular, simulations allow us to evaluate the effects of diverting the Mfolozi river from St Lucia on the functioning of the system and on the occurrence of various water level/salinity states that drive the biological functioning of the ecosystem. In the past, when the St Lucia estuary and the Mfolozi river had a combined inlet, the mouth was predominantly open. The lake had relatively stable water levels but variable salinities that increased during dry conditions due to evaporative losses and saltwater inflows from the sea. If the mouth closed, the Mfolozi flow was diverted into the lake which reduced salinities and maintained or increased water levels. Simulations indicate that without a link to the Mfolozi the lake system would naturally have a mainly closed inlet with lower average salinities but more variable water levels. During dry conditions water levels would reduce and result in desiccation of large areas of the lake as has recently occurred. We conclude that the artificial separation of the St Lucia and Mfolozi inlets underpins the most significant impacts on the water & salt budget of the lake and that its reversal is key to the sustainability of the system.

  6. An Economic Analysis of Climate Adaptations to Hurricane Risk in St. Lucia

    OpenAIRE

    Chieh Ou-Yang; Howard Kunreuther; Erwann Michel-Kerjan

    2013-01-01

    We introduce a catastrophic risk model that captures the cumulative impact of climate change on future expected losses from hurricane risk. The annual growth rates of expected losses due to change in climate patterns (or “climate change factor”) are estimated based upon historical storm activities in the Atlantic Basin and catastrophe modelling. The percentiles of the climate change factor are then used to measure expected hurricane losses in the Caribbean Island of St. Lucia. We also underta...

  7. The effect of a Lucia jig for 30 minutes on neuromuscular re-programming, in normal subjects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariangela Salles Pereira Nassar

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The Lucia jig is a technique that promotes neuromuscular reprogramming of the masticatory system and allows the stabilization of the mandible without the interference of dental contacts, maintaining the mandible position in harmonic condition with the musculature in normal subjects or in patients with temporomandibular dysfunction (TMD. This study aimed to electromyographically analyze the activity (RMS of the masseter and temporal muscles in normal subjects (control group during the use of an anterior programming device, the Lucia jig, in place for 0, 5, 10, 20 and 30 minutes to demonstrate its effect on the stomatognathic system. Forty-two healthy dentate individuals (aged 21 to 40 years with normal occlusion and without parafunctional habits or temporomandibular dysfunction (RDC/TMD were evaluated on the basis of the electromyographic activity of the masseter and temporal muscles before placement of a neuromuscular re-programming device, the Lucia jig, on the upper central incisors. There were no statistically significant differences (p < 0.05 in the electromyographic activity of the masticatory muscles in the different time periods. The Lucia jig changed the electromyographic activity by promoting a neuromuscular reprogramming. In most of the time periods, it decreased the activation of the masticatory muscles, showing that this device has wide applicability in dentistry. The use of a Lucia jig over 0, 5, 10, 15, 20 and 30 minutes did not promote any statistically significant increase in muscle activity despite differences in the data, thus showing that this intra-oral device can be used in dentistry.

  8. Saint Florian Office in the Medieval Cracow Breviaries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Szymon Fedorowicz

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available The liturgical cult of Saint Florian in the Cracow Church was developing rapidly in medieval times. A few dozen years after his relics had been brought to Cracow , a native patron – Saint Stanislaus- became a saint. Since then the cult of a foreign and unknown martyr deteriorated. The revival of Saint Florian’s cult was possible under the influence of Zbigniew Oleśnicki, a bishop who appointed him as patron saint of the whole Polish Kingdom, thus making him equally important as Saint Adalbert, Saint Stanislaus and Saint Wacław. Since that time the liturgical cult of Saint Florian was of high significance, which can be certified by liturgical texts and formulas found in Cracow medieval breviaries. The analysis of their content leads to the conclusion that the older the breviaries, the fewer texts mentioning Saint Florian. The oldest breviaries contain only the liturgical collect referring to him. The newer ones are gradually enriched with the elements of choral liturgy and lessons originating from the legend about Saint Florian. Between the 15th and 16th centuries the liturgy in honor of Saint Florian culminates in the rhymed office.

  9. Of volcanoes, saints, trash, and frogs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Astrid Oberborbeck

    , at the same time as political elections and economic hardship. During one year of ethnographic fieldwork volcanoes, saints, trash and frogs were among the nonhuman entities referred to in conversations and engaged with when responding to the changes that trouble the world and everyday life of Arequipans...

  10. Saint Paul--A Center for Learning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA. Center for Field Studies.

    The feasibility of centralizing elements of the educational process in Saint Paul, Minnesota provided the premise for proposed long range solutions to the educational needs of the community. The role of education in the community was explored by staff specialists in school organization, curriculum design, and urban planning. Research design relied…

  11. Indian Housing in Minneapolis and Saint Paul.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Craig, Gregory W.; And Others

    Surveys conducted in Minneapolis and Saint Paul, Minnesota, dealing with housing problems of urban Indians are reviewed in this report. Housing conditions, Indian attitudes toward urban housing and the community, family characteristics, and deficiencies in housing agencies are discussed. The surveys strongly indicate that Indians want better…

  12. SAINT: Supervised Actor Identification for Network Tuning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farrugia, Michael; Hurley, Neil; Quigley, Aaron

    Whenever the actors of a social network are not uniquely identifiable in the data, then entity resolution in the form of actor identification becomes a critical facet of a social network construction process. Here we develop SAINT, a pipeline for supervised entity resolution that uses relational information to improve, or tune, the quality of the constructed network. The first phase of SAINT uses attribute only based entity resolution to create an initial social network. Relational information between actors, actor network properties and other relational output of the first classification phase, are used in a second phase to improve the results of the original entity resolution. When compared to single phased approaches, the results from this two phased approach are consistently superior in both recall and precision measures. Embedded within SAINT are a series of evaluation checkpoints designed to measure both the quality of the individual classifiers and their impact within the entire pipeline. Our evaluation results provide insight on the potential propagation of error and open research questions for further improvement of the individual classifiers within the entire pipeline. As the main application of the process is to improve actor identification in social networks, we characterise the impact that entity resolution has on the final constructed network. We compare the network constructed using SAINT with a ground truth network using perfect entity resolution and use global and local network measures to study the differences.

  13. President Ilves kõneles Saint Gallenis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2009-01-01

    President Toomas Hendrik Ilves esines 9. mail 2009 Šveitsis, Saint Galleni 39. majandus- ja poliitikasümpoosionil kõnega teemal "20 aastat pärast Berliini müüri langemist - Euroopa uued väljakutsed". Vabariigi President töövisiidil Šveitsis 08.-09.05.2009

  14. Saint: a lightweight integration environment for model annotation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lister, Allyson L; Pocock, Matthew; Taschuk, Morgan; Wipat, Anil

    2009-11-15

    Saint is a web application which provides a lightweight annotation integration environment for quantitative biological models. The system enables modellers to rapidly mark up models with biological information derived from a range of data sources. Saint is freely available for use on the web at http://www.cisban.ac.uk/saint. The web application is implemented in Google Web Toolkit and Tomcat, with all major browsers supported. The Java source code is freely available for download at http://saint-annotate.sourceforge.net. The Saint web server requires an installation of libSBML and has been tested on Linux (32-bit Ubuntu 8.10 and 9.04).

  15. Wind-driven circulation patterns in a shallow estuarine lake: St Lucia, South Africa

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schoen, Julia H.; Stretch, Derek D.; Tirok, Katrin

    2014-06-01

    The spatiotemporal structure of wind-driven circulation patterns and associated water exchanges or residence times can drive important bio-hydrodynamic interactions in shallow lakes and estuaries. The St Lucia estuarine lake in South Africa is an example of such a system. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and RAMSAR wetland of international importance but no detailed research on its circulation patterns has previously been undertaken. In this study, a hydrodynamic model was used to investigate the structure of these circulations to provide insights into their role in transport and water exchange processes. A strong diurnal temporal pattern of wind speeds, together with directional switching between two dominant directions, drives intermittent water exchanges and mixing between the lake basins. “High speed flows in shallow nearshore areas with slower upwind counter-flows in deeper areas, linked by circulatory gyres, are key features of the circulation”. These patterns are strongly influenced by the complex geometry of St Lucia and constrictions in the system. Water exchange time scales are non-homogeneous with some basin extremities having relatively long residence times. The influence of the circulation patterns on biological processes is discussed.

  16. Negligencia en la Educacion de Estudiantes Mexico-Americanos en el Distrito Escolar Unificado Lucia Mar, Pismo Beach, California. (Educational Neglect of Mexican-American Students in Lucia Mar Unified School District, Pismo Beach, California.)

    Science.gov (United States)

    California State Advisory Committee to the United States Commission on Civil Rights.

    California State Advisory Committee (SAC) of the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights held hearings in Santa Maria, California (May 20, 1972) to collect information on civil rights problems of Mexican American students in the Lucia Mar School District. Major issues were community complaints about the arrest of 26 Mexican American students and some…

  17. Occurrence and persistence of water level/salinity states and the ecological impacts for St Lucia estuarine lake, South Africa

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lawrie, Robynne A.; Stretch, Derek D.

    2011-11-01

    The St Lucia estuarine lake in South Africa forms part of a World Heritage Site and is an important local source of biodiversity. Like many estuarine systems worldwide, St Lucia has experienced significant anthropogenic impacts over the past century. Abstractions have decreased fresh water inflows from the lake catchments by about 20%. Furthermore the Mfolozi river, which previously shared a common inlet with St Lucia and contributed additional fresh water during droughts, was diverted from the system in 1952 because of its high silt loads. The separated St Lucia mouth was subsequently kept artificially open until the onset of a dry period in 2002 when the mouth was left to close naturally. These changes and the current drought have placed the system under severe stress with unprecedented hypersaline conditions coupled with desiccation of large portions of the lake. Long-term simulations of the water and salt balance were used to estimate the occurrence and persistence of water levels and salinities for different management scenarios. The risks of desiccation and hyper-salinity were assessed for each case. The results show that the configuration of the Mfolozi/St Lucia inlets plays a key role in the physicochemical environment of the system. Without the Mfolozi link desiccation (of about 50% of the lake area) would occur for 32% of the time for an average duration of 15 months. Artificially maintaining an open mouth would decrease the chance of desiccation but salinities would exceed 65 about 17% of the time. Restoring the Mfolozi link would reduce the occurrence of both desiccation and hypersaline conditions and a mostly open mouth state would occur naturally. Integrating these modeled scenarios with observed biological responses due to changes in salinity and water depth suggests that large long-term changes in the biological structure can be expected in the different management scenarios.

  18. L’invention de la Sainte Russie

    OpenAIRE

    Berelowitch, Wladimir; Berelowitch, Wladimir; Bouquet, Olivier; Buseva-Davydova, Irina; Dmitriev, Mihail; Lavrov, Aleksandr; Lidov, Aleksej; Marchadier, Bernard; Martin, François-René; Medvedkova, Olga; Medvedkova, Olga; Nersesjan, Levon V.; Pivovarova, Nadežda; Preti, Monica; Živov, Victor

    2013-01-01

    Les auteurs de cet ouvrage collectif se sont efforcés de saisir la notion de « Sainte Russie » dans sa longue durée. Bien avant son apparition dans les textes au XVIe siècle, elle faisait déjà partie de la tradition médiévale d’un transfert de sainteté, à partir des lieux saints (Jérusalem, Rome, Constantinople) vers le nouveau pays chrétien. Après la chute de Byzance en 1453, ce transfert prit en Russie une tournure particulière de sorte que, dès le XVIe siècle, un durcissement idéologique c...

  19. Saint Dimitri of Rostov and Dostoevsky

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pavel Khondzinsky

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Academic literature until now has ignored the possibility of seeing the roots of Dostoevsky’s idea of a God-bearing people in the Saint Dimitri of Rostov’s conception of the passion bearer. But, on the contrary, obvious parallels between the two permit the author to speak of a deliberate coincidence. On the other hand, the two are divided in their conceptions of the reasons for human suffering

  20. Perugino's 'Virgin and Child with Saint John'

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Bamford, David

    1977-01-01

    .... Details of the cleaning tests are given, which show, amongst other things, that the drapery of Saint John was not original and that part of the parapet was false. Following a section on the restoration and framing, the author suggests possible explanations for the alterations that were found. There are illustrations of the panel before, during, and following cleaning and restoration, as well as an x-ray mosaic.

  1. Market-led Development versus Basic Needs: Common Property and the Common Good in St. Lucia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jack Thornburg

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper argues that contemporary development policies have failed to solve the problem of the maldistribution of economic resources, poverty, underemployment, and skewed income distribution. With the collapse of the Lomé Convention in 1996, St. Lucia saw its banana export market suffer a steep decline. Since then, Lomé St. Lucia has focused on market-led international tourism as the new engine of growth. Market-led development is fraught with economic cycles of up and down that lead to economic uncertainty and catastrophe for many people of limited resources. Much government revenue is spent on tourist-oriented infrastructure at the expense of a well-funded social security system. A new, morally oriented economic philosophy is called for at this time. The focus should be on a basic-needs approach and the welfare of the population rather than the needs of the market for continual growth and profit. In this regard, the paper examines the role of family land tenure in providing a common good to help alleviate the hardships of economic downturn. For thousands of co-owning heirs that may need refuge from the vagaries of the international market, family land can provide temporary economic or subsistence shelter. With an economy of limited opportunity, government policy informed by a sense of moral obligation should encourage family land as a form of social security for those numerous co-owners working in off-farm enterprises such as tourism, in which economic uncertainty is ever present.

  2. “It's Just More Acceptable To Be White or Mixed Race and Gay Than Black and Gay”: The Perceptions and Experiences of Homophobia in St. Lucia

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Jimmy Couzens; Berenice Mahoney; Dean Wilkinson

    2017-01-01

    .... The authors' analyses explore experiences of homophobia among LGB people in St. Lucia. Findings indicate issues of skin-shade orientated tolerance, regionalized disparities in levels of tolerance toward LGB people and regionalized passing...

  3. Gateway to the Syriac Saints: A Database Project

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jeanne-Nicole Mellon Saint-Laurent

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available This article describes The Gateway to the Syriac Saints, a database project developed by the Syriac Reference Portal (www.syriaca.org. It is a research tool for the study of Syriac saints and hagiographic texts. The Gateway to the Syriac Saints is a two-volume database: 1 Qadishe and 2 Bibliotheca Hagiographica Syriaca Electronica (BHSE. Hagiography, the lives of the saints, is a multiform genre. It contains elements of myth, history, biblical exegesis, romance, and theology. The production of saints’ lives blossomed in late antiquity alongside the growth of the cult of the saints. Scholars have attended to hagiographic traditions in Greek and Latin, but many scholars have yet to discover the richness of Syriac hagiographic literature: the stories, homilies, and hymns on the saints that Christians of the Middle East told and preserved. It is our hope that our database will give scholars and students increased access to these traditions to generate new scholarship. The first volume, Qadishe or “saints” in Syriac, is a digital catalogue of saints or holy persons venerated in the Syriac tradition. Some saints are native to the Syriac-speaking milieu, whereas others come from other linguistic or cultural traditions. Through the translation of their hagiographies and the diffusion of saints’ cults in the late antique world, saints were adopted, “imported,” and appropriated into Syriac religious memory. The second volume, the BHSE, focuses on Syriac hagiographic texts. The BHSE contains the titles of over 1000 Syriac stories, hymns, and homilies on saints. It also includes authors’ or hagiographers’ names, the first and last lines of the texts (in Syriac, English, and French, bibliographic information, and the names of the manuscripts containing these hagiographic works. We have also listed modern and ancient translations of these works. All of the data in the Gateway to the Syriac Saints has been encoded in TEI, and it is fully

  4. Work at the Saint-Genis roundabout

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    The Technical Department of the Conseil général de l'Ain has informed CERN of forthcoming work to make the Saint-Genis Pouilly roundabout (junction of the D35 and D984) safer for cyclists. The work will include, in particular, the installation of lane dividers between the cycle track and the road, improved road markings and the erection of additional road signs. The overall layout of the junction will not be affected. Relations with the Host States Service Tel.: 72848 relations.secretariat@cern.ch www.cern.ch/relations

  5. Public Notice: Saint-Gobain Abrasives, Inc. and Saint-Gobain Ceramics & Plastics, Inc., CWA-01-2016-0057

    Science.gov (United States)

    Notice of Proposed Assessment of Class II Civil Penalty and Notice of Opportunity for Hearing under Sections 309(g) and 311(b)(6) of the Clean Water Act for Saint-Gobain Abrasives, Inc. and Saint-Gobain Ceramics & Plastics, Inc., CWA-01-2016-0057

  6. Sainte-Bernardette du Banlay, Nevers

    OpenAIRE

    Christophe Joly; Orlane Brault; Paul Barnoud

    2012-01-01

    Construite par Claude Parent et Paul Virilio en 1964-1965, l’église Sainte-Bernadette du Banlay témoigne de leurs travaux sur la fonction oblique. L’édifice fut édifié à l’issue d’un concours d’architecture lancé en 1963 par Mgr Vial et l’Abbé Bourgoin, curé de la paroisse. L’église est inspirée de l’architecture des bunkers. Deux coques de béton s’imbriquent l’une dans l’autre en se décalant par rapport à l’axe longitudinal. L’apparence générale est un édifice monolithique, qui évoque un roc...

  7. L'EUROPE SAINT-SIMONIENNE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cosma Sorinel

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Many people have been preoccupied with Europe ever since the beginnings of time. Their ideas can be traced back as far as ancient mythology, as attempts to explain the world. But as of the 18th century, they looked at it differently, as an organized, unified, political institution. Numerous essays have influenced the history of the European idea, among them the work of Saint-Simon who, in 1814, thought of a European Parliament governing the national parliaments. In his essay on reorganizing the European society he brought forth ideas such as Europe rebuilt as a confederation, the establishment of a general parliament responsible for making decisions concerning the common interests of the whole European society. He strongly believed that putting the great political issues to the test is the aim of all contemporary efforts. If the previous century's philosophy was revolutionary, the 19ths centurys philosophy had to be organizing.

  8. Development of a halotolerant community in the St. Lucia Estuary (South Africa) during a hypersaline phase.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carrasco, Nicola K; Perissinotto, Renzo

    2012-01-01

    The St. Lucia Estuary, Africa's largest estuarine lake, is currently experiencing unprecedented freshwater deprivation which has resulted in a northward gradient of drought effects, with hypersaline conditions in its northern lakes. This study documents the changes that occurred in the biotic communities at False Bay from May 2010 to June 2011, in order to better understand ecosystem functioning in hypersaline habitats. Few zooplankton taxa were able to withstand the harsh environmental conditions during 2010. These were the flatworm Macrostomum sp., the harpacticoid copepod Cletocamptus confluens, the cyclopoid copepod Apocyclops cf. dengizicus and the ciliate Fabrea cf. salina. In addition to their exceptional salinity tolerance, they were involved in a remarkably simple food web. In June 2009, a bloom of an orange-pigmented cyanobacterium (Cyanothece sp.) was recorded in False Bay and persisted uninterruptedly for 18 months. Stable isotope analysis suggests that this cyanobacterium was the main prey item of F. cf. salina. This ciliate was then consumed by A. cf. dengizicus, which in turn was presumably consumed by flamingos as they flocked in the area when the copepods attained swarming densities. On the shore, cyanobacteria mats contributed to a population explosion of the staphylinid beetle Bledius pilicollis. Although zooplankton disappeared once salinities exceeded 130, many taxa are capable of producing spores or resting cysts to bridge harsh periods. The hypersaline community was disrupted by heavy summer rains in 2011, which alleviated drought conditions and resulted in a sharp increase in zooplankton stock and diversity. Despite the current freshwater deprivation crisis, the False Bay region has shown to be resilient, harboring a unique biodiversity with species that are capable of enduring harsh environmental conditions. However, further freshwater deprivation may extend beyond the physiological thresholds of this community, as well as other unique

  9. Development of a halotolerant community in the St. Lucia Estuary (South Africa during a hypersaline phase.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicola K Carrasco

    Full Text Available The St. Lucia Estuary, Africa's largest estuarine lake, is currently experiencing unprecedented freshwater deprivation which has resulted in a northward gradient of drought effects, with hypersaline conditions in its northern lakes.This study documents the changes that occurred in the biotic communities at False Bay from May 2010 to June 2011, in order to better understand ecosystem functioning in hypersaline habitats. Few zooplankton taxa were able to withstand the harsh environmental conditions during 2010. These were the flatworm Macrostomum sp., the harpacticoid copepod Cletocamptus confluens, the cyclopoid copepod Apocyclops cf. dengizicus and the ciliate Fabrea cf. salina. In addition to their exceptional salinity tolerance, they were involved in a remarkably simple food web. In June 2009, a bloom of an orange-pigmented cyanobacterium (Cyanothece sp. was recorded in False Bay and persisted uninterruptedly for 18 months. Stable isotope analysis suggests that this cyanobacterium was the main prey item of F. cf. salina. This ciliate was then consumed by A. cf. dengizicus, which in turn was presumably consumed by flamingos as they flocked in the area when the copepods attained swarming densities. On the shore, cyanobacteria mats contributed to a population explosion of the staphylinid beetle Bledius pilicollis. Although zooplankton disappeared once salinities exceeded 130, many taxa are capable of producing spores or resting cysts to bridge harsh periods. The hypersaline community was disrupted by heavy summer rains in 2011, which alleviated drought conditions and resulted in a sharp increase in zooplankton stock and diversity.Despite the current freshwater deprivation crisis, the False Bay region has shown to be resilient, harboring a unique biodiversity with species that are capable of enduring harsh environmental conditions. However, further freshwater deprivation may extend beyond the physiological thresholds of this community, as well as

  10. Sediment salt-load in the St Lucia Estuary during the severe drought of 2002 2006

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bate, G. C.; Taylor, R. H.

    2008-09-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine whether there was a sufficiently high residual salt load in the dry sediments of the St Lucia Estuary to cause salinity problems should it later fill up with either freshwater or seawater. The estuary lakes have suffered the effects of a severe drought since 2002 with the result that many areas were dry, and the salinity of the residual water varied between 4 psu and up to five times that of seawater. Measurements of the salts content in the sediments to a depth of 20 cm showed that more than 2 million tonnes of salt was held in this layer of the sediment in 2006. Recent management of the estuary (since 1970) has ensured that the mouth was not artificially opened. This was to prevent the inflow of seawater, with its salts, that would otherwise enter while the drought was in place. The results of the sediment salinity data showed that if the drought had been broken and the lake area filled with rain and river water, the resulting salinity would be about 6 psu. In March 2007, Cyclone Gamede in the Indian Ocean off the east coast of South Africa produced a wave climate at sea that resulted in the mouth breaching; thus introducing an estimated 12 million tonnes of salts. The high salinity in the system resulting from this breach is expected to have an adverse effect on the ecology of the system, whereas the residual salinity in the sediments would not have caused an environmental problem. If the estuary and lake system were to fill completely with seawater, the residual salts together with seawater will raise the salinity to an initial value higher than 40 psu, which will have the effect of suppressing much of the important submerged vegetation that is vital for sustaining juvenile fish in the system. Many of the large fauna will also suffer from a shortage of freshwater.

  11. Les lieux de culte de saint Yves en Bretagne

    OpenAIRE

    Tanguy, Bernard

    2015-01-01

    Un siècle après Guillaume Pinchon, mort en 1237 et canonisé dix ans plus tard, saint Yves est le second saint breton à avoir bénéficié d’une canonisation officielle et, de loin, celui à qui a été consacré le plus grand nombre d’édifices cultuels en Bretagne. Nous en avons dénombré près de 140. Avant la Révolution, outre la cathédrale de Tréguier, il était titulaire de trois églises paroissiales (Louannec, Plougonven et Plounéour-Ménez), de six chapelles tréviales (Saint-Yves de Bubry, Saint-Y...

  12. Bathymetry of Lake Erie and Lake Saint Clair

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Bathymetry of Lake Erie and Lake Saint Clair has been compiled as a component of a NOAA project to rescue Great Lakes lake floor geological and geophysical data and...

  13. ALICE takes root in Saint-Genis-Pouilly

    CERN Multimedia

    Patrice Loiez

    2004-01-01

    To celebrate the CERN 50th anniversary and to emphasize the close ties between the community of Saint-Genis-Pouilly, CERN and the ALICE Collaboration, Hubert Bertrand, Mayor of Saint-Genis-Pouilly and Christian Fabjan, Technical Coordinator of the ALICE Experiment, planted a tree on Saturday 16 October 2004 in front of the Jean Monet Culture Center.

  14. Screening of "Particule Fever" at Saint-Genis

    CERN Multimedia

    Brice, Maximilien

    2015-01-01

    La Mission Permanente de la France auprès des Nations Unies organise une projection gratuite du film "Particle Fever" jeudi 19 février 2015 à 19h30 au théâtre du Bordeau de Saint-Genis-Pouilly. Ce partenariat avec le CERN et la Ville de Saint-Genis-Pouilly permet de comprendre, au travers de ce film captivant, l'activité du CERN.

  15. ALICE takes root in Saint-Genis-Pouilly

    CERN Multimedia

    2004-01-01

    To celebrate the CERN 50th anniversary and to emphasize the close ties between the community of Saint-Genis-Pouilly, CERN and the ALICE Collaboration, Hubert Bertrand, Mayor of Saint-Genis-Pouilly and Christian Fabjan, Technical Coordinator of the ALICE Experiment, planted a tree on Saturday 16 October 2004 in front of the Jean Monet Culture Center.

  16. The Monastery of Santa Lucia in Foligno and the Legenda of Santa Chiara. From Beguine Community to Scriptorium.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Latifah Troncelliti Ph.D

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available During the fifteenth century female convents flourished in north-central Italy revealing a flurry of extraordinary literary production together with an unprecedented intellectual activity among women: the monastery of St. Lucia in Foligno is particularly interesting for being emblematic of this new direction among female institutions. From the old beghine of lay communities to the enterprising wealthy nuns of later monasteries, women found their way through social discrimination. They were capable of surviving marginalization by using and reversing to their advantage the same religious establishment that was relentlessly persecuting them.

  17. The elusive character of discontinuous deep-water channels: New insights from Lucia Chica channel system, offshore California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maier, K.L.; Fildani, A.; Paull, C.K.; Graham, S.A.; McHargue, T.R.; Caress, D.W.; McGann, M.

    2011-01-01

    New high-resolution autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV) seafloor images, with 1 m lateral resolution and 0.3 m vertical resolution, reveal unexpected seafloor rugosity and low-relief (architecture of the depositional area. Flowstripped turbidity currents separated into and reactivated multiple channels to create a distributary pattern and developed discontinuous trains of cyclic scours and megaflutes, which may be erosional precursors to continuous channels. The diverse features now imaged in the Lucia Chica channel system (offshore California) are likely common in modern and ancient systems with similar overall morphologies, but have not been previously mapped with lower-resolution detection methods in any of these systems. ?? 2011 Geological Society of America.

  18. Diatom-inferred hydrological changes and Holocene geomorphic transitioning of Africa's largest estuarine system, Lake St Lucia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gomes, M.; Humphries, M. S.; Kirsten, K. L.; Green, A. N.; Finch, J. M.; de Lecea, A. M.

    2017-06-01

    The diverse lagoons and coastal lakes along the east coast of South Africa occupy incised valleys that were flooded during the rise and subsequent stabilisation of relative sea-level during the Holocene. Sedimentary deposits contained within these waterbodies provide an opportunity to investigate complex hydrological and sedimentological processes, and examine sea-level controls governing system geomorphic evolution. In this paper, we combine diatom and sulfur isotope analyses from two sediment cores extracted from the northern sub-basins of Lake St Lucia, a large shallow estuarine lake that is today largely isolated from direct ocean influence behind a Holocene-Pleistocene barrier complex. Analyses allow the reconstruction of hydrological changes associated with the geomorphic development of the system over the mid-to late Holocene. The sedimentary sequences indicate that St Lucia was a shallow, partially enclosed estuary/embayment dominated by strong tidal flows prior to ∼6200 cal. BP. Infilling was initiated when sea-level rise slowed and stabilised around present day levels, resulting in the accumulation of fine-grained sediment behind an emergent proto-barrier. Diatom assemblages, dominated by marine benthic and epiphytic species, reveal a system structured by marine water influx and characterised by marsh and tidal flat habitats until ∼4550 cal. BP. A shift in the biological community at ∼4550 cal. BP is linked to the development of a back-barrier water body that supported a brackish community. Marine planktonics and enrichments in δ34S suggest recurrent, large-scale barrier inundation events during this time, coincident with a mid-Holocene sea-level highstand. Periodic marine incursions associated with episodes of enhanced storminess and overwash remained prevalent until ∼1200 cal. BP, when further barrier construction ultimately isolated the northern basins from the ocean. This study provides the first reconstruction of the palaeohydrological

  19. Transoceanic dispersal of benthic macrofauna: Haliplanella luciae (Verrill, 1898) (Anthozoa, Actiniaria) found on a ship's hull in a shipyard dock in Hamburg Harbour, Germany

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gollasch, S.; Riemann-Zürneck, K.

    1996-06-01

    In September 1993, 26 live specimens of the small, delicate sea anemone Haliplanella luciae (Verrill, 1898) were sampled from the hull of a ship docked in Hamburg Harbour. After a worldwide journey the ship had passed into the freshwater region of the river Elbe. Although the migratory potential of the species (supposed home region is Japan) is well known, its transport on ships' bottoms has never been documented. Behavioural traits enabling the anemone to settle on ships are discussed together with probable reasons why Haliplanella luciae did not establish itself in the fauna of the German Bight.

  20. The Saint Filaret and Blissed Augustine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khondzinskii Pavel, archpriest

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available The unique place which holds St. Augustine in the Western tradition make us to pay attention to the reception of his heritage in the Russian theology, that was sometimes so close to the western one. That why we examine the correlation between his ideas and the thought of the famous Russian theologian St. Philaret of Moscow. There we provide the correlation in thiadology, ecclesiology, in the doctrine of the pure love, in the relation to the grace and freedom. Our research let us to conclude that the correlation between these saint fathers was a rather complex phenomena. But we can witness that St. Augustine’s theology influenced St. Philaret. In the domain of triadology Augustine serves as a basis for his own thought. In the Doctrine of the Grace St. Philaret retain the “anthropological pessimism” characteristic for St. Augustine but tends to avoid the extremity of his position. St. Philaret also softens Augustine’s doctrine of the “pure love” and concentrates on the suffering as a testimony of its unselfi shness. The closest point in their heritage is a doctrine of the boarders of the Church, but St. Philaret uses different argumentation while defends the same theses. We may interpret their acknowledgement of these theses (with different argumentation as an evidence of its truly patristic character.

  1. Los juegos antropologicos de Saint-Louis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabrice Delsahut

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available En 1904, en medio de la feria de la exposición universal de Saint-Louis, los Juegos olimpicos no pudieron escapar a la ascención de ideologías racistas del principios del siglo XX y contibuyeron a la discusión del mérito atlético de diferentes razas. Los organisadores prepararon competiciones especiales que llamaron en esta ocasión «Jornadas antropológicas» reservadas a los que la América segregacionista del momento consideraba como primitivos. El impacto de los estudios sobre las razas, sobre la manera de pensar en el deporte no fue, al contrario de lo que se esforzaron hacer creer los diferentes presidentes del C.O.I en el curso de las siguientes decadas, un simple avatar del movimiento olimpico. Veremos la influencía de este espectáculo atletico interracial en los Estados Unidos pero tambien en el mundo, particularmente a través del papel de la prensa. Las jornadas antropológicas permitieron indudablemente elaborar una cierta percepción de la otricidad y limitaran la integración de los pueblos autóctonas en la maquina deportiva mundial.

  2. Lake St Lucia, Africa’s largest estuarine lake in crisis: Combined effects of mouth closure, low levels and hypersalinity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fiona MacKay

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available The Lake St Lucia estuarine system is the most important nursery ground for juvenile marine fish and prawns along the KwaZulu-Natal coast. The estuary mouth closed in June 2002 because of drought and remained so for 4 years and 9 months. A study to determine the impacts of extended mouth closure, hypersalinity and low lake levels on the mesozooplankton, macrobenthic invertebrates and fish fauna was initiated in 2004. Zooplankton and benthic invertebrate diversity declined, benthic invertebrate community composition changed and the diversity and abundance of fish decreased between 2004 and 2007. In the case of fish, the declines were related to die-offs in the lake and the failed recruitment of post-larvae and juveniles from the marine environment as a result of the mouth having been closed. Options for management intervention under closed-mouth conditions are limited at this time, particularly in the short term, to breaching the mouth and facilitating the inflow of sea water. In the medium term, as was the historical situation, the reconnection of the Mfolozi system to St Lucia should be viewed as a major priority.

  3. Patriarch Ephrem: A late medieval saintly cult

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Popović Danica

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Patriarch Ephrem, monk and hermit, writer and saint, Bulgarian-born but twice the leader of the Serbian Church (1375-78 and 1389-92, is an outstanding figure of the late medieval Balkans. His "life and works" are discussed here in the light of hagiological texts and the information provided by various types of sources with the view to drawing some historically relevant conclusions. The main source of information about Ephrem's life and activity are the eulogies, Life and service composed by bishop Mark, his disciple and loyal follower for twenty-three years. Making use of hagiographical topica combined with plentiful data of undoubted documentary value, he relates the story of Ephrem's life through all of its major stages: from his birth and youth to his withdrawal from the world and taking of a monk's habit. Of formative influence were his years on the Holy Mount Athos, where he experienced different styles of monastic life, coenobitic, as well as solitary, which he practiced in the well-known hermitages in the heights of Athos. The further course of Ephrem's life was decided by the turbulent developments in the Balkans brought about by the Ottoman conquests. In that sense, his biography, full of forced and voluntary resettlements, is a true expression of the spirit of the times. Forced to flee Mount Athos, Ephrem made a short stay in Bulgaria and then, about 1347, came to Serbia, where he spent the rest of his life. An eminent representative of the monastic elite and under the aegis of the Serbian patriarch, he spent ten years in a hesychastria of the Monastery of Decani. For reasons of security, he then moved to a cave hermitage founded specially for him in the vicinity of the Patriarchate of Pec. It was in that cell, where he lived for twenty years powerfully influencing the monastic environment, that his literary work profoundly marked by hesychast thought and eschatology, was created. Ephrem twice accepted the office of patriarch in the

  4. Sainte-Bernardette du Banlay, Nevers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christophe Joly

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Construite par Claude Parent et Paul Virilio en 1964-1965, l’église Sainte-Bernadette du Banlay témoigne de leurs travaux sur la fonction oblique. L’édifice fut édifié à l’issue d’un concours d’architecture lancé en 1963 par Mgr Vial et l’Abbé Bourgoin, curé de la paroisse. L’église est inspirée de l’architecture des bunkers. Deux coques de béton s’imbriquent l’une dans l’autre en se décalant par rapport à l’axe longitudinal. L’apparence générale est un édifice monolithique, qui évoque un rocher. Á l’intérieur, deux grands plans obliques paraissent exhumés pour constituer la nef et le chœur. En relation étroite avec la grotte des apparitions de Lourdes, l’église est construite comme une crypte suspendue dont la coupe adopte la forme d’un cœur. Par le choix de matériaux bruts et d’un éclairage zénithal, les architectes confèrent à l’ensemble une étonnante intimité. C’est par l’opposition entre le volume extérieur austère et fermé et l’espace intérieur accueillant et protecteur que les concepteurs expriment la nouvelle fonction d’une église conçue dans une période d’incertitude et de tensions.The Sainte-Bernadette du Banlay church at Nevers was built from 1964 to 1965 to the designs of the architects Claude Parent and Paul Virilio, working on their theme of the oblique function. It was the fruit of an architectural competition organised in 1963 by Monseigneur Vial and the Abbé Bourgoin, the parish priest. The church’s architecture is inspired by that of defensive bunkers. Two reinforced concrete shells are joined the one into the other but out of true on a longitudinal axis. The overall appearance of the church is that of a monolithic block, something like a rock. Inside, two large oblique planes seem to emerge to create the nave and the chancel. Closely related to the Lourdes grotto of the Virgin’s appearances, the church is designed as a suspended crypt

  5. The Rule of Saint Basil the Great

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Piotr Pietrow

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available The rules of monasticism were collected and published in a single work entitled Asketikon by Saint Basil the Great. It is arranged in the form of questions and answers to create one coherent work. It has two different publications.The first publication named The Small Asketikon dates to 370-370. It is the fruit of the Saint’s work among Pontic communities and consists of 203 questions and answers. The orignial Greek manuscript has not survived and it is available only in two translations: the Latin Rufin and fragments in Syrian language. The second publication named The Great Asketikon appeard in about 377 and presents the most mature step of cenobitic monasticismin Basil’s elaboration. The Great Asketikon was created by adding new questions to The Small Asketikon and consists of two parts called the The Longer Rules and The Shorter Rules. The Longer Rules are primarily a set of questions and answers. It includes a wide range of rules and norms of the overall life in community. It refers to the fundamental rules of spirituality, such as love, sacrifice, obedience and rudimental problems connected withcommunity organization, cenobitic monasticism and the role of the superior, work and prayer. The second part of The Great Asketikon consists of shorter rules. Two publications are known: the first one originated in Pont andincludes 286 questions and answers and second arose in Cezarei and includes 318 questions and answers. In this work, the Hierarch explains in detail issues regarding community life and solves difficult problems connected with conscience. He writes about behavior towards brothers and explains the significance of weaknesses and virtues.

  6. Physician and miracle worker. The cult of Saint Sampson the Xenodochos and his images in eastern Orthodox medieval painting

    OpenAIRE

    Starodubcev Tatjana

    2015-01-01

    Saint Sampson, whose feast is celebrated on June 27, was depicted among holy physicians. However, his images were not frequent. He was usually accompanied with Saint Mokios (in Saint Sophia in Kiev, the Transfiguration church in the Mirozh monastery and the church of the Presentation of the Holy Virgin in the Temple in the monastery of Saint Euphrosyne; possibly also in Saint Panteleimon in Nerezi and Saint Demetrios in the village of Aiani near Kozani; fur...

  7. Impact of marine inundation after a period of drought on the lakeshore vegetation of Lake St Lucia, South Africa : resilience of estuarine vegetation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sieben, E. J. J.; Ellery, W. N.; Dullo, B. W.; Grootjans, A. P.

    The shore of Lake St Lucia in the vicinity of Catalina Bay, in the southern part of the lake, receives freshwater input as surface and groundwater seepage from the adjacent elevated coastal plain. Vegetation, water quality and landform were recorded on the lakeshore and on the dry lakebed near one

  8. Energy Transition Initiative: Island Energy Snapshot - Saint Martin/Sint Maarten

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2015-09-01

    This profile provides a snapshot of the energy landscape of the northeast Caribbean island Saint Martin. The island is divided between two nations, France in the north (Saint-Martin) and the Netherlands in the south (Sint Maarten).

  9. Des saints pour la fiction, des saints face à l’Histoire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aude Bonord

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Pourquoi des écrivains non confessionnels (Joseph Delteil, Blaise Cendrars, Christian Bobin, Sylvie Germain, Claude Louis-Combet ont-ils choisi de réécrire des vies de saints au XXe siècle ? Le parti pris est surprenant à plusieurs titres. L’hagiographie est un genre historique et religieux, terrain a priori réservé aux historiens, aux ecclésiastiques ou aux écrivains catholiques. De plus, à la fin du siècle, l’hagiographie est sortie du champ littéraire avec la disparition du groupe des écrivains catholiques. Curieusement, nos auteurs vont s’inscrire dans ces décalages non seulement pour définir leur place par rapport à l’hagiographe traditionnel mais aussi pour s’approprier le genre. Amorces fictionnelles et objets de rêveries poétiques, les vies de saints sont soumises à la fantaisie littéraire de ces auteurs au statut improbable. Dans un dialogue avec les sources allant du jeu à la contestation, les écrivains utilisent l’intertexte hagiographique, et notamment son système narratif, pour s’évader dans le merveilleux mais encore pour penser leur époque. En effet, si éloignée de la réalité contemporaine soit-elle en apparence, l’hagiographie joue à la fois un rôle de contrepoint et de reflet du présent. La confrontation avec ces récits surgis du passé permet alors aux auteurs de repenser la marche de l’Histoire et l’inscription de l’Homme dans le temps.

  10. SAINT: A combined simulation language for modeling man-machine systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seifert, D. J.

    1979-01-01

    SAINT (Systems Analysis of Integrated Networks of Tasks) is a network modeling and simulation technique for design and analysis of complex man machine systems. SAINT provides the conceptual framework for representing systems that consist of discrete task elements, continuous state variables, and interactions between them. It also provides a mechanism for combining human performance models and dynamic system behaviors in a single modeling structure. The SAINT technique is described and applications of the SAINT are discussed.

  11. Predaceous water beetles (Coleoptera, Hydradephaga) of the Lake St Lucia system, South Africa: biodiversity, community ecology and conservation implications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perissinotto, Renzo; Bird, Matthew S.; Bilton, David T.

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Water beetles are one of the dominant macroinvertebrate groups in inland waters and are excellent ecological indicators, reflecting both the diversity and composition of the wider aquatic community. The predaceous water beetles (Hydradephaga) make up around one-third of known aquatic Coleoptera and, as predators, are a key group in the functioning of many aquatic habitats. Despite being relatively well-known taxonomically, ecological studies of these insects in tropical and subtropical systems remain rare. A dedicated survey of the hydradephagan beetles of the Lake St Lucia wetlands (South Africa) was undertaken between 2013 and 2015, providing the first biodiversity census for this important aquatic group in the iSimangaliso Wetland Park, a UNESCO World Heritage Site within the Maputaland biodiversity hotspot. A total of 32 sites covering the entire spectrum of waterbody types were sampled over the course of three collecting trips. The Lake St Lucia wetlands support at least 68 species of Hydradephaga, a very high level of diversity comparing favourably with other hotspots on the African continent and elsewhere in the world and a number of taxa are reported for South Africa for the first time. This beetle assemblage is dominated by relatively widespread Afrotropical taxa, with few locally endemic species, supporting earlier observations that hotspots of species richness and centres of endemism are not always coincident. Although there was no significant difference in the number of species supported by the various waterbody types sampled, sites with the highest species richness were mostly temporary depression wetlands. This contrasts markedly with the distribution of other taxa in the same system, such as molluscs and dragonflies, which are most diverse in permanent waters. Our study is the first to highlight the importance of temporary depression wetlands and emphasises the need to maintain a variety of wetland habitats for aquatic conservation in this

  12. From Suazoid to folk pottery: pottery manufacturing traditions in a changing social and cultural environment on St. Lucia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Corinne L. Hofman

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Overview of pottery manufacturing traditions in St Lucia, placed within the island's cultural history from pre-Columbian times up to present Afro-Caribbean folk pottery. Authors focus on manufacturing processes in different cultural traditions through history, looking at raw materials used, the shaping and finishing, decoration, and firing process. First, they sketch St Lucia's habitation history since the first Amerindian settlers in 200 AD, and evidence of pottery, which climaxed in the later Suazoid period pottery since about 1150 AD, and discuss how later European colonization and arrival of Africans contributed to the decline of Amerindian traditions, replaced by European and West African pottery traditions, although some Amerindian traditions remained. The pottery manufacturing of 3 main cultural traditions are examined, discussing differences, as well as similarities due to cultural blending: Suazoid pottery, later Amerindian Island Carib pottery, with origins in the Guianas region, related to the Kar'ina, and current St Lucian, West African-influenced, "folk pottery". Authors conclude that all 3 traditions mainly use local clay, and include hand-built and low-fired pottery. Shaping techniques include coiling, and in today's pottery also fashioning with smaller lumps. Surfaces are smooth and polished in today's pottery, but more scraped and scratched in Suazoid vessels. Further, they find that decoration is uncommon in today's pottery, while Suazoid ceramics included decorations, and that vessel shapes tend to be simple in all 3 traditions. They also find that women have been the principal potters through time, although pottery was a male activity among the Island Caribs in the mid-17th c.

  13. Assessing the impact of releases of radionuclides into sewage systems in urban environment - simulation, modelling and experimental studies - LUCIA

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sundelll-Bergman, S. (Vattenfall Power Consultant, Stockholm (Sweden)); Avila, R.; Cruz, I. de la (Facilia AB, (Sweden)); Xu, S. (Swedish Radiation Safety Authority, (Sweden)); Puhakainen, M.; Heikkinene, T.; Rahola, T. (STUK (Finland)); Hosseini, A. (Norwegian Radiation Protection Authority (Norway)); Nielsen, Sven (Risoe National Laboratory for Sustainable Energy, DTU (Denmark)); Sigurgeirsson, M. (Geislavarnir rikisins (Iceland))

    2009-06-15

    This report summarises the findings of a project on assessing the impact of releases of radionuclides into sewage systems and was established to provide more knowledge and suitable tools for emergency preparedness purposes in urban areas. It was known that the design of sewage plants, and their wastewater treatments, is rather similar between the Nordic countries. One sewage plant in each of the five Nordic countries was selected for assessing the impact of radionuclide releases from hospitals into their sewerage systems. Measurements and model predictions of dose assessments to different potentially exposed members of the public were carried out. The results from the dose assessments indicate that in case of routine releases annual doses to the three hypothetical groups of individuals are most likely insignificant. Estimated doses for workers are below 10 muSv/y, for the two studied radionuclides 99mTc and 131I. If uncertainties in the predictions of activity concentrations in sludge are considered, then the probability of obtaining doses above 10 muSv/y may not be insignificant. The models and approaches developed can also be applied in case of accidental releases. A laboratory inter-comparison exercise was also organised to compare analytical results across the laboratories participating in the project, using both 131I, dominating man-made radionuclide in sewage systems due to the medical use. A process oriented model of the biological treatment is also proposed in the report that does not require as much input data as for the LUCIA model. This model is a combination of a simplified well known Activated Sludge Model No.1 (Henze, 1987) and the Kd concept used in the LUCIA model. The simplified model is able to estimate the concentrations and the retention time of the sludge in different parts of the treatment plant, which in turn, can be used as a tool for the dose assessment purpose.filled by the activity. (au)

  14. The church Saint-Symphorien in Nuits-Saint-Georges. An architectural and decorative syncretism, ca 1220-1240

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sylvain Demarthe

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Saint Symphorian’s church in Nuits-Saint-Georges (Burgundy, which dates from near 1220-1240, is situated during the transition of two architectural styles and attests a local but rather backward-looking Cistercian legacy that some Gothic urban and more innovative elements modernize. Moreover the church takes part, for the same reasons as those in Agencourt, Gerland and Prissey, in the surprising wave of reconstructions which denotes among others the important economic development of the country of Cîteaux at the beginning of the 13th century.

  15. Understanding Latter-Day Saints Education: Principles and Resources

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morgan, Barbara

    2014-01-01

    Using historic documents of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS) and resources of its leaders, the principles of LDS or Mormon education and its key characteristics are described. In particular, the following characteristics are discussed: (1) the critical role of the Spirit in both teaching and learning, (2) the worthiness,…

  16. Medical Admissions and Outcomes at Saint Paul's Hospital, Addis ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    kim

    2012-04-01

    Methods: Retrospective review of 840 records of patients admitted to medical ward of Saint Paul hospital during. April 1, 2012-March 31, .... permission, records were reviewed since patient consent was not .... *Others: Bronchial asthma/COPD (2), Other CV disorders (3), other neurologic disorders (4),. Haematology and ...

  17. The vision of divine light in Saint Gregory Palamas's theology ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The present study represents a synthesis of Saint Gregory Palamas's teaching on the vision of Divine Light as it was articulated in the debate with his adversaries. Directly linked to this topic are other adjacent issues, namely the Transfiguration of Christ, the intellectual and the mystical knowledge, the nature of the divine ...

  18. 76 FR 49526 - Environmental Impact Statement; Saint Louis County, MN

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-10

    ... Federal Highway Administration Environmental Impact Statement; Saint Louis County, MN AGENCY: Federal... advise the public that an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) will be prepared to respond to the terms of the existing Trunk Highway (TH) 53 easement across the United Taconite mine. FOR FURTHER...

  19. Medical Admissions and Outcomes at Saint Paul's Hospital, Addis ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2012-04-01

    Background: Globally, trends of medical admission have been changing. This study was carried out to assess the current trend of medical admissions and outcomes in Ethiopia. Methods: Retrospective review of 840 records of patients admitted to medical ward of Saint Paul hospital during April 1, 2012-March 31, 2013 was ...

  20. Calculation of Void in the Fort Saint Vrain Material

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Potter, David Charles [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Taylor, Craig Michael [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Coons, James Elmer [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)

    2017-05-11

    The percent void of the Fort Saint Vrain (FSV) material is estimated to be 21.1% based on the volume of the gap at the top of the drums, the volume of the coolant channels in the FSV fuel element, and the volume of the fuel handling channel in the FSV fuel element.

  1. Saint Basil of Poiana Mărului. Biographic milestones

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ion Marian CROITORU

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available While, in the 19th century, many servants of the monastic settlements left Wallachia and Moldova, because of the measures taken there, the situation was nevertheless different in the 18th century, when monks from different areas inhabited by Orthodox Christians came to the Romanian Countries, where they encountered an uninterrupted reality of hesychastic renewal started by Saint Gregory of Sinai (1255-1346, due to the fact that the Romanians had known another cultural continuity, different from what had happened, until that century, in the Greek Byzantine or in the Slav world. This reality explains why the revitalization of the hesychastic and spiritual life in the areas north of the Danube is related, in the 18th century, to the Saints Basil of Poiana Mărului (1692-1767 and Paisius Velichkovsky or Wieliczkowski of Neamţ (1722-1794, both of them arrived from the Slav world in the Romanian extra-Carpathian territories. Saint Basil founded many hermitages and trained many disciples in the practice of the prayer of the mind or of the heart, becoming known as a great teacher of this prayer, in the modern times. Just as the Holy Fathers of Mount Sinai (Gregory, Philotheos, Hesychios, but also from other parts of the Byzantine world (Saint Symeon the New Theologian, Saint Gregory Palamas etc., once again, he draws the attention not just of the monks but also of the lay people on the prayer of the heart, so that in the 19th century it was not the teaching of Saint Paisius on the practice of the prayer of the heart that prevailed, but the teaching of Saint Basil, followed especially in the Romanian and in the Russian tradition. Regarding the monastic life, the activity of Starets Basil can be characterized by the ecumenicity of the Orthodox faith, due to the fact that, on the one hand, he brought together monks from the Romanian and the Slav area, and, on the other hand, he contributed to the enrichment of the Romanian monasticism through the

  2. “It's Just More Acceptable To Be White or Mixed Race and Gay Than Black and Gay”: The Perceptions and Experiences of Homophobia in St. Lucia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jimmy Couzens

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB individuals come from diverse cultural groups with differing ethnic and racial identities. However, most research on LGB people uses white western samples and studies of Afro-Caribbean diaspora often use Jamaican samples. Thus, the complexity of Afro-Caribbean LGB peoples' experiences of homophobia is largely unknown. The authors' analyses explore experiences of homophobia among LGB people in St. Lucia. Findings indicate issues of skin-shade orientated tolerance, regionalized disparities in levels of tolerance toward LGB people and regionalized passing (regionalized sexual identity shifting. Finally, the authors' findings indicate that skin shade identities and regional location influence the psychological health outcomes of homophobia experienced by LGB people in St. Lucia.

  3. “It's Just More Acceptable To Be White or Mixed Race and Gay Than Black and Gay”: The Perceptions and Experiences of Homophobia in St. Lucia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Couzens, Jimmy; Mahoney, Berenice; Wilkinson, Dean

    2017-01-01

    Lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) individuals come from diverse cultural groups with differing ethnic and racial identities. However, most research on LGB people uses white western samples and studies of Afro-Caribbean diaspora often use Jamaican samples. Thus, the complexity of Afro-Caribbean LGB peoples' experiences of homophobia is largely unknown. The authors' analyses explore experiences of homophobia among LGB people in St. Lucia. Findings indicate issues of skin-shade orientated tolerance, regionalized disparities in levels of tolerance toward LGB people and regionalized passing (regionalized sexual identity shifting). Finally, the authors' findings indicate that skin shade identities and regional location influence the psychological health outcomes of homophobia experienced by LGB people in St. Lucia. PMID:28674508

  4. "It's Just More Acceptable To Be White or Mixed Race and Gay Than Black and Gay": The Perceptions and Experiences of Homophobia in St. Lucia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Couzens, Jimmy; Mahoney, Berenice; Wilkinson, Dean

    2017-01-01

    Lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) individuals come from diverse cultural groups with differing ethnic and racial identities. However, most research on LGB people uses white western samples and studies of Afro-Caribbean diaspora often use Jamaican samples. Thus, the complexity of Afro-Caribbean LGB peoples' experiences of homophobia is largely unknown. The authors' analyses explore experiences of homophobia among LGB people in St. Lucia. Findings indicate issues of skin-shade orientated tolerance, regionalized disparities in levels of tolerance toward LGB people and regionalized passing (regionalized sexual identity shifting). Finally, the authors' findings indicate that skin shade identities and regional location influence the psychological health outcomes of homophobia experienced by LGB people in St. Lucia.

  5. Five Years of Chinese World Trade Organization Negotiations and the Impact on Domestic Agriculture Market Liberalization

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-03-01

    Nigeria, Papua New Guinea, Rwanda, Saint Kitts & Nevis , Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent & the Grenadines, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Solomon Islands, South...St Kitts and Nevis , St Lucia, St Vincent and the Grenadines, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Suriname, Swaziland, Tanzania...Grenada, Guyana, Jamaica, St Kitts and Nevis , St Lucia, St Vincent and the Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago, Suriname

  6. Persistent phytoplankton bloom in Lake St. Lucia (iSimangaliso Wetland Park, South Africa) caused by a cyanobacterium closely associated with the genus Cyanothece (Synechococcaceae, Chroococcales).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muir, David G; Perissinotto, Renzo

    2011-09-01

    Lake St. Lucia, iSimangaliso Wetland Park, South Africa, is the largest estuarine lake in Africa. Extensive use and manipulation of the rivers flowing into it have reduced freshwater inflow, and the lake has also been subject to a drought of 10 years. For much of this time, the estuary has been closed to the Indian Ocean, and salinities have progressively risen throughout the system, impacting the biotic components of the ecosystem, reducing zooplankton and macrobenthic biomass and diversity in particular. In June 2009, a bloom of a red/orange planktonic microorganism was noted throughout the upper reaches of Lake St. Lucia. The bloom persisted for at least 18 months, making it the longest such bloom on record. The causative organism was characterized by light and electron microscopy and by 16S rRNA sequencing and was shown to be a large, unicellular cyanobacterium most strongly associated with the genus Cyanothece. The extent and persistence of the bloom appears to be unique to Lake St. Lucia, and it is suggested that the organism's resistance to high temperatures, to intense insolation, and to hypersalinity as well as the absence of grazing pressure by salinity-sensitive zooplankton all contributed to its persistence as a bloom organism until a freshwater influx, due to exceptionally heavy summer rains in 2011, reduced the salinity for a sufficient length of time to produce a crash in the cyanobacterium population as a complex, low-salinity biota redeveloped.

  7. Persistent Phytoplankton Bloom in Lake St. Lucia (iSimangaliso Wetland Park, South Africa) Caused by a Cyanobacterium Closely Associated with the Genus Cyanothece (Synechococcaceae, Chroococcales) ▿

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muir, David G.; Perissinotto, Renzo

    2011-01-01

    Lake St. Lucia, iSimangaliso Wetland Park, South Africa, is the largest estuarine lake in Africa. Extensive use and manipulation of the rivers flowing into it have reduced freshwater inflow, and the lake has also been subject to a drought of 10 years. For much of this time, the estuary has been closed to the Indian Ocean, and salinities have progressively risen throughout the system, impacting the biotic components of the ecosystem, reducing zooplankton and macrobenthic biomass and diversity in particular. In June 2009, a bloom of a red/orange planktonic microorganism was noted throughout the upper reaches of Lake St. Lucia. The bloom persisted for at least 18 months, making it the longest such bloom on record. The causative organism was characterized by light and electron microscopy and by 16S rRNA sequencing and was shown to be a large, unicellular cyanobacterium most strongly associated with the genus Cyanothece. The extent and persistence of the bloom appears to be unique to Lake St. Lucia, and it is suggested that the organism's resistance to high temperatures, to intense insolation, and to hypersalinity as well as the absence of grazing pressure by salinity-sensitive zooplankton all contributed to its persistence as a bloom organism until a freshwater influx, due to exceptionally heavy summer rains in 2011, reduced the salinity for a sufficient length of time to produce a crash in the cyanobacterium population as a complex, low-salinity biota redeveloped. PMID:21742912

  8. UNDER THE PROTECTION OF THE GOD'S SAINT. DYKANKA IMAGE OF SAINT NICHOLAS THE WONDER-WORKER AND ITS ROLE IN NIKOLAI GOGOL'S LIFE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Voropaev V. A.

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available The article tells the history of St. Nicholas Church in Dykanka and its holy image of Saint Nicholas, examines some details of the Gogol family life, the legend of Maria Gogol-Yanovskaya's marriage and her oath in front of the Holy Saint icon.

  9. UNDER THE PROTECTION OF THE GOD'S SAINT. DYKANKA IMAGE OF SAINT NICHOLAS THE WONDER-WORKER AND ITS ROLE IN NIKOLAI GOGOL'S LIFE

    OpenAIRE

    Voropaev V. A.

    2008-01-01

    The article tells the history of St. Nicholas Church in Dykanka and its holy image of Saint Nicholas, examines some details of the Gogol family life, the legend of Maria Gogol-Yanovskaya's marriage and her oath in front of the Holy Saint icon.

  10. [Jacques Lisfranc de Saint-Martin (1787-1847)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fischer, Louis-Paul

    2005-01-01

    For 22 years Jacques Lisfranc was the famous surgeon at the Hospital La Pitté in Paris. He was born at Saint-Paul-en-Jarez in 1787, a village sited between Saint-Etienne and Lyon. After his Internship in Lyon he became Dupuytren's student in Paris. In his thesis, he described Dupuytren's operation of the removal of the lower jawbone. In 1815 he succeeded in new surgical operations on the shoulder and on the foot. In 1830 he was the first to perform the ablation of rectum's carcinoma and became the most famous gynaecological surgeon. He could not become a professor of the Faculty of Medicine in Paris because of his enmity with Dupuytren. Nevertheless he was only interested in surgery and the care for his patients. On his tomb, one can read his favourite maxim: "Surgery is bright when operating but it is still brighter when there is no blood and mutilation and yet leads to the patient's recovery".

  11. Christian Feasts dedicated to Saints – an Interdisciplinary Perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carmen-Maria Bolocan

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Our paper is an interdisciplinary approach, of linguistic and theological analysis of a few lexemes that define saints who became popular in the Romanian culture and spirituality. Our ancient church, a fundamental part of our culture, has always been a coagulant factor for the unity of the Romanians worldwide. And this is also proven by the use of the religious vocabulary in all the anthropological, territorial, socio-professional and socio-cultural variants of the national Romanian language.

  12. Business plan of a food truck in Saint Petersburg

    OpenAIRE

    Zavyalova, Ekaterina

    2017-01-01

    The purpose of the thesis was to investigate how to write a proper business plan and then implement gained knowledge in creating a business plan of a food truck in Saint Petersburg. A business plan serves as a guide for an entrepreneur in the process of company establishment and enables to gain funding from potential investors. The primary objective was to study essential components of a business plan. The theoretical framework comprises of core issues on company establishment and desc...

  13. Latter-day Saint Religiosity and Attitudes towards Sexual Minorities

    OpenAIRE

    Myler, Cory John

    2010-01-01

    Existing research has revealed a robust relationship between high religiosity and negative attitudes towards sexual minorities. To date, however, there have been few studies investigating this relationship within the membership of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (the LDS Church). The unique history, doctrine, and organization of this religion, along with its large size, rapid growth, and sizable influence, indicate that a study of homophobia among church members will provide a...

  14. Saint Petersburg magnetic observatory: from Voeikovo subdivision to INTERMAGNET certification

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sidorov, Roman; Soloviev, Anatoly; Krasnoperov, Roman; Kudin, Dmitry; Grudnev, Andrei; Kopytenko, Yury; Kotikov, Andrei; Sergushin, Pavel

    2017-11-01

    Since June 2012 the Saint Petersburg magnetic observatory is being developed and maintained by two institutions of the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS) - the Geophysical Center of RAS (GC RAS) and the Saint Petersburg branch of the Pushkov Institute of Terrestrial Magnetism, Ionosphere and Radio Wave Propagation of RAS (IZMIRAN SPb). On 29 April 2016 the application of the Saint Petersburg observatory (IAGA code SPG) for introduction into the INTERMAGNET network was accepted after approval by the experts of the first definitive dataset over 2015, produced by the GC RAS, and on 9 June 2016 the SPG observatory was officially certified. One of the oldest series of magnetic observations, originating in 1834, was resumed in the 21st century, meeting the highest quality standards and all modern technical requirements. In this paper a brief historical and scientific background of the SPG observatory foundation and development is given, the stages of its renovation and upgrade in the 21st century are described, and information on its current state is provided. The first results of the observatory functioning are discussed and geomagnetic variations registered at the SPG observatory are assessed and compared with geomagnetic data from the INTERMAGNET observatories located in the same region.

  15. Please exercise extreme caution at the Saint-Genis roundabout

    CERN Multimedia

    2015-01-01

    In the interests of enhanced safety, a new pathway for pedestrians and cyclists has been constructed around the outside of the Saint-Genis roundabout. However, the markings of the previous cycle path, which is now closed to traffic, are still visible and can cause confusion. We therefore call on everyone to exercise extreme caution and to use the new pathway.   New two-way markings have been laid out, inviting pedestrians and cyclists coming from the direction of Saint-Genis-Pouilly to go towards the Swiss border or CERN Entrance E using the left-hand side of the roundabout (i.e. the Prévessin side). So, from now on, cyclists must no longer go around the roundabout on the right-hand side and pedestrians will no longer have to cross the D884 dual carriageway. Similarly, people staying at the Saint-Genis hostel are invited to follow these new markings to get to CERN or to return to the hostel, which means they will avoid having to cross the D35 highway at a spot where traffic is...

  16. Picea glehnii (F. Schmidt Mast. (Pinaceae in Saint Petersburg

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Firsov Gennadiy Afanasyevich

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Picea glehnii (F. Schmidt Mast. (the Glehns Spruce is a rare endangered species of the Russian Far East, a plant included into the Red Book of the Russian Federation. This species is in need of protection In situ and Ex situ. The Glehns Spruce is introduced in general cultivation in 1877. In Saint Petersburg it became known after the expedition of F. Schmidt and P.P Glehn to Sakhalin Island (in 1860-1861. In hand-written general catalogues of living collections of Peter the Great Botanical garden of the L.V. Komarov Botanical Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences it has been known since 1892. In the North-West of Russia Picea glehnii is cultivated in two introduction centers botanical gardens of L.V. Komarov Botanical Institute and Saint Petersburg State Forest Technical University. In modern collections of Botanical gardens it has been cultivated since 1955. The plant began producing cones in 1996 in the age of 41. The fully ripen germinable seeds were obtained in September of 2014, and the seedlings were germinated in 2015, for the first time in more than 120 years of arboriculture. The assessment of seeds quality revealed the presence of filled high-quality seeds but their number was rather small (10-15% from the total amount. Picea glehnii is one of the most decorative and winter-hardy spruce species, promising for city planting in Saint Petersburg and for urban floristics in the North-West of Russia.

  17. Saint Petersburg magnetic observatory: from Voeikovo subdivision to INTERMAGNET certification

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Sidorov

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available Since June 2012 the Saint Petersburg magnetic observatory is being developed and maintained by two institutions of the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS – the Geophysical Center of RAS (GC RAS and the Saint Petersburg branch of the Pushkov Institute of Terrestrial Magnetism, Ionosphere and Radio Wave Propagation of RAS (IZMIRAN SPb. On 29 April 2016 the application of the Saint Petersburg observatory (IAGA code SPG for introduction into the INTERMAGNET network was accepted after approval by the experts of the first definitive dataset over 2015, produced by the GC RAS, and on 9 June 2016 the SPG observatory was officially certified. One of the oldest series of magnetic observations, originating in 1834, was resumed in the 21st century, meeting the highest quality standards and all modern technical requirements. In this paper a brief historical and scientific background of the SPG observatory foundation and development is given, the stages of its renovation and upgrade in the 21st century are described, and information on its current state is provided. The first results of the observatory functioning are discussed and geomagnetic variations registered at the SPG observatory are assessed and compared with geomagnetic data from the INTERMAGNET observatories located in the same region.

  18. Occurrences of whale shark (Rhincodon typus Smith, 1828 in the Saint Peter and Saint Paul archipelago, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    FHV. Hazin

    Full Text Available The Saint Peter and Saint Paul Archipelago in the central tropical Atlantic, is an important ground of whale sharks that are commonly sighted throughout the year close to the fishing boats in the adjacencies of the islands. In sightings reported between February 2000 and November 2005, the lengths of the individuals ranged between 1.8 to 14.0 m. The causes of these concentrations in the archipelago are still unclear, once there are no upwellings and plankton concentrations for feeding, and no reproductive activities were reported. Nevertheless, they could be associated to the spawning period of the abundant flying fishes, mainly in the first semester, when sightings were more frequent.

  19. On the different meanings of the term law (zakon in Saint Sabba's Life of Saint Simon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Šarkić Srđan N.

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available In mediaeval Serbian law the central legal term zakon (law indicated a generally obligatory rule (regula iuris which was usually not a result of the activity of a monarch as ultimate holder of state power. Even where a law was made by state authority such a legal rule had primarily the appearence of a customary legal provision, regulating the conditions within one particular manor (vlastelinstvo rather than within the whole national territory. Otherwise such laws prescibed the legal position of different categories of inhabitants and identified particular rules of status. Sometimes a law would be introduced to regulate one paricular problem. The concept of law in this period also includes a legal rule derived from custom or from a private contract. Each of these uses can be illustrated from many hundreds of cases from several sources. The use of the term zakon (law was present in the literary sources as well, such is The Life of Saint Simon (biography of Stefan Nemanja, founder of Serbian mediaeval dynasty Nemanjić, written by his youngest son Rastko, bether known under his monastic name Sabba (Sava. In Sabba's hagiography of his father we found the term zakon six times. Discribing the State Council (Državni sabor that had to decide who will be Nemanja's successor on the throne, Sabba writes that his father pronounced, among other, the following words: 'My sons, do not forget the orthodox law that I established.' The term orthodox law means here orthodox faith, that was established in Serbia after persecutions of Bogomilian heresy. For the second time, term zakon was used in the meaning of monarch's order. Nemanja says to his sons not to forget his laws. Further, giving the instructions to his sons, Nemanja use the citation from the Bible (The Book of Proverbs or Proverbs of Solomon 3, 1-18, where the term zakon corresponds to the latin ius, not lex. Hereinafter the word zakon means Torah or Pentateuch, the first five books of Bible (citation

  20. 78 FR 9940 - Naugatuck Valley Surgical Center, Department of Saint Mary's Hospital, Waterbury, CT: Notice of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-12

    ..., Waterbury, CT: Notice of Affirmative Determination, Regarding Application for Reconsideration By application... Saint Mary's Hospital, Waterbury, Connecticut ] (subject firm). The determination was issued on December...

  1. Rahmaninov ja Saint-Saens Estonia kontserdisaalis / Tiina Õun

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Õun, Tiina, 1954-

    2005-01-01

    18. novembril Estonia kontserdisaalis toimuvast Sergei Rahmaninovi Klaverikontsert nr 2 ja "Kellad" ettekandest ja 29. novembril Toimuvast Camille Saint-Saensi ooperi "Simson ja Delila" kontsertettekandest

  2. Application of different fertilizers in substrate for Kalanchoe luciae Raym.-Hamet cultivation Aplicação de diferentes fertilizantes em substrato de cultivo de Kalanchoe luciae Raym.-Hamet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marília Andrade Lessa

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Succulents present great commercial importance, but information on the cultivation of these plants are not enough, especially considering the use of fertilizers during the growth phase. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of different fertilizers applied to the substrate in the cultivation of Kalanchoe luciae Raym.-Hamet. Cuttings measuring 6 cm in height and 12 cm in diameter were cultivated in 1.5 L pots containing the substrate (1 soil: 1 sand: 1 vermiculite. In this experiment, the effect of the fertilization based on NPK 10:10:10 was evaluated with and without the addition of a fertilizer mixture composed of 5 g bone flour, 5 g dolomite limestone, and 50 g ground charcoal, this proportion that was used for each 1.5 L substrate. After 60 days, an increase in the number of leaves, which was proportional to the increase in the doses of NPK applied, was verified. Even though the plants presented higher number of leaves (18.34 and higher height (18.73 cm for the substrate with 1.5 g L-1 of NPK 10:10:10, plants did not reach the compact aspect suggested by some producers. The addition of fertilizer mixture presented no effect on the leaves number and neither to the plant height, however, it was observed that the plants that received the fertilizer mixture presented the fifth leaf with bigger diameter. None of the treatments favored the formation of one of the most important characteristics of this species, the reddish color on the borders of the leaves.As suculentas apresentam grande importância comercial, mas, as informações sobre o cultivo destas plantas ainda são escassas, especialmente em relação à fertilização durante a fase de crescimento. Neste trabalho, objetivou-se avaliar o efeito de diferentes adubações no substrato para cultivo de Kalanchoe luciae Raym.- Hamet. Mudas com 6 cm de altura e 12 cm de diâmetro foram cultivadas em vasos de 1,5 L, contendo o substrato (1 terra:1 areia: 1 vermiculita. Avaliou

  3. Picea glehnii (F. Schmidt) Mast. (Pinaceae) in Saint Petersburg

    OpenAIRE

    Firsov Gennadiy Afanasyevich; Volchanskaya Аleksandra Vladimirovna; Tkachenko Kirill Gavriilovich

    2015-01-01

    Picea glehnii (F. Schmidt) Mast. (the Glehns Spruce) is a rare endangered species of the Russian Far East, a plant included into the Red Book of the Russian Federation. This species is in need of protection In situ and Ex situ. The Glehns Spruce is introduced in general cultivation in 1877. In Saint Petersburg it became known after the expedition of F. Schmidt and P.P Glehn to Sakhalin Island (in 1860-1861). In hand-written general catalogues of living collections of Peter the Great Botanical...

  4. The 1993 Parent Meetings for Planning the Saint Paul/Ramsey County Children's Initiative. Final Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sandell, Elizabeth J., Ed.

    This report describes the initial plan, participants, and evaluation of Saint Paul (Minnesota) Children's Initiative (SPCI) during 1993. The SPCI is a family-community program to improve child health, child development, school performance, and to enhance family functioning through formal and informal support systems in Saint Paul/Ramsey county. At…

  5. Antigua und Barbados. - Belize. - Saint Christopher (Kitts) und Nevis. - Saint Vincent und die Grenadinen. - Von Großbritannien abhängige Territorien

    OpenAIRE

    Will, Cornelia

    1992-01-01

    Antigua und Barbados. - Belize. - Saint Christopher (Kitts) und Nevis. - Saint Vincent und die Grenadinen. - Von Großbritannien abhängige Territorien / Rainer- Olaf Schultze ; Cornelia Will. - In: Politisches Lexikon Lateinamerika / hrsg. von Peter Waldmann ... - 3., neubearb. Aufl. - München : Beck, 1992. - S. 14-16, 43-47, 276-279, 283-286, 338-352. - (Beck´sche Reihe ; 845 : Aktuelle Länderkunden)

  6. Reef communities of the Saint Peter and Saint Paul\\'s Archipelago across an euphotic-mesophotic depth gradient (0-90 m)

    OpenAIRE

    Marcos Rogerio Rosa

    2014-01-01

    This thesis focuses on the investigation of reef communities of the Saint Peter and Saint Paul´s Archipelago (SPSPA) across an euphotic/mesophotic depth gradient. Sampling was performed on shallow and mesophotic areas (0 to 90 m depth) using SCUBA and a Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV). The present work is composed of four chapters: Chapter 1 deals with the quantitative assessment of reef fish communities, which were divided in three distinct communities associated with different depth strata....

  7. Analyzing International Economic Influence on Iran

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-12-03

    SAINT KITTS AND NEVIS KN SAINT LUCIA LC SAINT MARTIN MF SAINT PIERRE-MIQUELON PM SAINT VINCENT-GRENADINES VC SAMOA WS...RÉUNION RE ROMANIA RO RUSSIAN FEDERATION RU RWANDA RW SAINT BARTHÉLEMY BL SAINT HELENA SH

  8. Three saints with deformed extremities in an Italian Renaissance altarpiece.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Albury, W R; Weisz, G M

    2017-03-01

    A fifteenth-century Florentine altarpiece painted by the Pollaiuolo brothers, Antonio (1433-1498) and Piero (1443-1496), shows three saints with evident deformities of the hands and feet. The pathologies concerned are tentatively identified, and various rationales for their presence in the painting are discussed. Of particular importance is the location of the altarpiece in a chapel which houses the tomb of the Cardinal of Portugal, Prince James of Lusitania (1433-1459). It is argued that both the artistic style of the day and the religious symbolism of the Cardinal's funeral chapel contributed to the artists' decision to portray the saints with deformities. An unnatural curvature of the fifth finger was apparently considered elegant in fifteenth-century paintings, and the depiction of bare feet with hallux valgus gave them a shape which approximated and could have been caused by fashionable pointed shoes. But in addition, deformities in religious art could be symbolic of suffering and martyrdom, a theme which the Cardinal's chapel emphasised in a number of ways. It is suggested therefore that the Pollaiuolo altarpiece reconciles these two disparate factors, portraying genuine deformities in a way that was artistically stylish and symbolically meaningful.

  9. Public meeting of September 13, 2005 at Saint-Dizier; Reunion publique du 13 septembre 2005 a Saint-Dizier

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2005-07-01

    The law from December 30, 1991, precisely defines 3 axes of researches for the management of high level and long-lived radioactive wastes: separation/transmutation, surface storage and underground disposal. A global evaluation report about these researches is to be supplied in 2006 by the French government to the Parliament. A first synthesis of the knowledge gained after 14 years of research has led the national commission of the public debate (CNDP) to organize a national debate about the general options of management of high-level and long-lived radioactive wastes before the 2006 date line. The debate comprises 4 public hearings (September 2005: Bar-le-Duc, Saint-Dizier, Pont-du-Gard, Cherbourg), 12 round-tables (October and November 2005: Paris, Joinville, Caen, Nancy, Marseille), a synthesis meeting (December 2005, Dunkerque) and a closing meeting (January 2006, Lyon). This document is the synthesis of the debates of the second public hearing at Saint-Dizier. This meeting gathers representatives of the different actors of the nuclear industry, ministers, public authorities, non governmental organizations who argue the questions asked by peoples from the audience. The topics concern the safety aspects of waste facilities, in particular according to the studies carried out at the Bure site, the different categories of wastes and the future wastes that will be generated by the dismantling of nuclear facilities etc. (J.S.)

  10. La presencia de Ixodes luciae en el noroeste argentino y nuevos huéspedes para Ixodes pararicinus y algunas especies de Amblyomma (Acari: Ixodidae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Analía G. AUTINO

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available El análisis de una colección de garrapatas de mamíferos del noroeste argentino, depositados en la Colección de Anexos de la Colección Mamíferos Lillo (CML de la Universidad Nacional de Tucumán, permitió ampliar el área de distribución de Ixodes luciae Sénevet, a las provincias de Salta y Tucumán e incrementar su rango de huéspedes al roedor sigmodontino Calomys callosus (Rengger y a los marsupiales de la familia Didelphidae Micoureus constantiae (Thomas, Thylamys cinderella Thomas y Thylamys venustus (Thomas. Se registró a C. callosus y Oligoryzomys destructor (Tschudi como nuevos huéspedes de Ixodes pararicinus Keirans & Clifford, y a los Carnivora Lycalopex gymnocercus (Fischer y Oncifelis geoffroyi (d ́Orbigny & Gervais como nuevos huéspedes de Amblyomma neumanni Ribaga y Amblyomma parvum Aragão, respectivamente. Adicionalmente, se observó la infestación de Lutreolina crassicaudata (Desmarest (Didelphidae por I. luciae y la presencia de Amblyomma tigrinum Koch, sobre L. gymnocercus. Ninfas de Amblyomma sp. se obtuvieron de Akodon Meyen (Sigmodontinae.

  11. Il modello della piattabanda di Saint-Sulpice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cecilia Mazzoli

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Il presente contributo riferisce degli esiti conseguiti dal lavoro condotto sotto la direzione del Prof. Gulli e dei Proff. Brocato, Porrino e Sakarovitch, nell’ambito del rapporto di correlazione di tesi di laurea e di dottorato tra il Dipartimento di Architettura dell’Alma Mater Studiorum di Bologna e il Laboratoire GSA dell’École Nationale Supérieure d’Architecture Paris-Malaquais.Il progetto indaga sulla storia architettonica e costruttiva della chiesa di Saint-Sulpice a Parigi, illustrando una metodologia di indagine valida nell’ambito del recupero delle tecniche costruttive premoderne.Lo studio della costruzione in pietra armata è rivolto tanto all’analisi teorica e alla progettazione, quanto alla realizzazione pratica e verifica strutturale, secondo un approccio in grado di valorizzare l’incontro tra teoria e prassi del costruire.

  12. [Patron saints and Christian perception of health and illness].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spehar, Milan

    2012-01-01

    As a religion based on the teaching of Jesus Christ, from the outset Christianity has developed a completely different attitude toward health and illness than the Old Testament. Health and illness are now viewed through the eyes of Jesus Christ the redeemer, who accepted each and every man. The history of Christianity has had its episodes of masochistic attitude toward illness, but today it clearly underscores the need to fight it with any means available, but it also teaches to accept what can not be changed. Saints are often patrons against diseases they had to endure. However, this is not their main role. To this day many seem to miss the main point their heritage, but see them as miracle healers. This misperception of miracle needs revising as well as the simplistic interpretation of the healing powers of relics (viewed as a demiurge of sort) and of the private vows and votive offerings.

  13. Gastrointestinal diseases of Napoleon in Saint Helena: causes of death.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Di Costanzo, Jacques

    2002-01-01

    The fact that Napoleon Ist died from gastric cancer seems to be well established. Arguments for the hypothesis of chronic arsenic poisoning have recently been developed in the literature. This study, focused on the gastrointestinal diseases of Napoleon in Saint Helena, is based on a confrontation between the clinical semiological anamnesis and the anatomical data in the autopsy report by F. Antommarchi. Napoleon presented several gastrointestinal diseases: gall-bladder lithiasis complicated with angiocholitis, chronic colitis and certainly a gastric cancer. Death was consecutive to perforation of the gastric lesion leading to haemorrhagic vomitis and multiorgan failure. The description of the gastric lesions during autopsy is consistent with the diagnosis of cancer. The course of the clinical events is closely correlated with the anatomic lesions. There is strong evidence that Napoleon died from an acute complication of his gastric disease.

  14. Saint Trophymus of Arles, the patron of sufferers from podagra

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. Marson

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Among the large number of saints patronizing the sufferers from gout, St. Trophymus of Arles, that lived in the first times of Christianity, is a very interesting figure, by enjoying a particular devotion in Rome during the XVII/XVIII centuries. Such a veneration, as widely described by Anton Maria Bonucci in the agiographic essay “Istoria di S. Trofimo, Arcivescovo di Arles, Primate in Francia, e Avvocato de’ Podagrosi” (1711, was promoted by the Roman Congregation of the Five Wounds of Jesus Christ and practised at the San Filippo Neri’s Church in via Giulia. In the present study, besides some biographical notes, it has been told how the cult of gouty subjects to St. Trophymus has been founded in Rome and displayed in a solemn fashion.

  15. Fearful saints: comforting friends in a hospital setting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goldsmith, T R

    1985-01-01

    The article examines the role of courage in breaking barriers which prevent friends unfamiliar with the health care industry from providing the needed support to sustain a friend during critical illness. "Fearful Saints" offers ways of understanding the complex issues which distance friends during illness. Close friends feel compelled to enter the world of suffering, but must first confront the terrifying images of illness. By examining Henri Nouwen's The Wounded Healer, and the story of Jesus asking his disciple Peter to wait with him in the garden, the concept of extending compassionate understanding during times of adversity becomes manageable. Although miracle potions may not be accessible, the reader learns to identify the role of comforter as one who will not permit an afflicted friend to travel through the experience alone.

  16. Centro Federal de Comunidad Saint Louis - EE.UU.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hellmuth, George

    1980-04-01

    Full Text Available The Community Federal Center lies in the outskirts of the town of Saint Louis. It was conceived and designed by the project authors — in a style characteristic of them — as a suburban architectonic complex for office use. The work, standing out over an open stretch of land, has an ample base, with a volume that is neither the actual tower of the city centre nor the classic low rural construction. The building's architectonic language permits an integration, by sympathy, in the context of the neighbouring uni-family housing zone, without naturally being assimilated in them, due to the disparity of functions. It is achieved through a fracture of scaled volumes, breaking the classic coldness of the big office building, whilst at the same time thanks to its robustness, it indicates the activity housed inside.

    El Community Federal Center está emplazado en las afueras de la ciudad de Saint Louis. Fue concebido y diseñado por los autores del proyecto —en un estilo que les es característico—, como un complejo arquitectónico suburbano destinado a oficinas. La obra, que se eleva sobre un terreno despejado, es amplía de base, presentando un volumen que no es ni la torre propia del centro urbano ni la clásica construcción rural de baja altura. El lenguaje arquitectónico del edificio permite una integración, por simpatía, en el contexto de la zona de viviendas unifamiliares cercana, sin llegar, naturalmente, a asimilarse a ellas dada la disparidad de funciones. Se lleva a cabo por medio de una fractura de volúmenes, escalonados, que rompen la frialdad clásica del gran edificio de oficinas, sin dejar de indicar, por su robustez, la actividad que alberga en su interior.

  17. 78 FR 61444 - Request for Public Comments on the Caribbean Basin Economic Recovery Act and the Caribbean Basin...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-03

    ..., Saint Lucia, and Trinidad and Tobago. Antigua and Barbuda, Aruba, The Bahamas, British Virgin Islands, Dominica, Grenada, Montserrat, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines currently receive...

  18. Who is Jesus Christ for the Ruthenian and Russian Saints? A Theological Exploration of St Dimitry Rostovsky’s The Lives of the Saints

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Krzysztof Leśniewski

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Christian hagiography reveals not only the facts of life of individual saints, but first of all, it is a description of theexperience of God loving mankind. From the beginning of Christianity, of great importance in building faith, hope andlove had had stories about those believers who responded with a particular radicalism for the prevenient love of God inthe Trinity of Persons. These stories have been written in various forms of literature.Author in the introductory part of the article introduces into the lives of the saints and their role in the Ruthenian andRussian Orthodoxy. Essentially he focuses on presenting The Menaia edited by St Dimitry Rostovski. This book waspublished in the years 1711 to 1718 in Old Church Slavonic. At the beginning of the twentieth century, it has been rewrittenand translated into Russian. This monumental work appeared in the years 1903-1911 under the title The Lives of theSaints. It has been a rich source of information for researchers from many disciplines.From a theological point of view, the author studied The Lives of the Saints in order to find direct references to theperson and teaching of Jesus Christ. For this purpose, he analyzed quotations from the New Testament, especially fromthe Gospel, referring directly to the Person and teaching of Jesus Christ, as well as the prayers addressed to Him. In hisanalysis, he searched for answers to the questions: Who is Jesus Christ for the Ruthenian and Russian saints, and whatkind of His images predominate in The Lives of the Saints.The first part of the article, on the basis of source texts, indicates personal qualities of Jesus Christ. The Savior hasbeen experienced by the Ruthenian and Russian saints as God who is close to man, the blessed King, the best Lord, theComforter of the crying, the Light, the merciful God, and the Foundation of all good. The image of Christ as sinless,innocent suffering and merciful shines especially in the devotion of Saints Passion

  19. Lucia Keter - Typeset 3

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Nx 6110

    30:10:25 ... standards of quality, safety and efficacy are achieved. .... hydrogen sulphate concentration of 20 %. In addition, resolution between SQV and LPV also improved. However. 10 % tetrabutylammonium hydrogen sulphate. (0.1 M, pH ...

  20. Les couleurs de Moscou et de Saint-Pétersbourg The colours of Moscow and Saint Petersburg

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andréi Éfimov

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available Moscou et Saint-Pétersbourg ont connu une évolution chromatique similaire mais les différences en matière de plan, d’urbanisme et d’influences culturelles, et leurs rôles alternés de capitale ont déterminé leurs particularités chromatiques propres. Le Moscou en bois du xiiie siècle s’est enrichi d’un ensemble de cathédrales blanches aux coupoles dorées entourées par la muraille en brique rouge du Kremlin. Le style baroque a introduit dans l’architecture de Moscou et de Saint-Pétersbourg les couleurs bleu foncé, orange et verte. À l’époque du classicisme, on utilisait la palette officielle de teintes pastel à dominante ocre. L’achromatisme devient ensuite un trait distinctif de l’éclectisme en Russie. Au début du XXe siècle, l’Art nouveau ranime les villes grâce aux couleurs verte, orange et violette. Dans les années 1920 et 1930, les constructivistes utilisent les tons gris mais tentent d’élaborer un code chromatique homogène. L’architecture soviétique, quant à elle, reprend l’esthétique du classicisme « ocre ». La construction de masse des années 1960 aux années 1980 méconnaît la couleur, mais à la charnière des XXe et XXIe siècles apparaissent des approches professionnelles qui visent à créer un milieu chromatique similaire pour les deux villes.Moscow and Saint Petersburg experienced similar evolutions in colour, but the differences in their plans, urbanity and cultural influences, and their alternating roles as capitals, determined the particularities of their palettes. The wooden Moscow of the thirteenth century was enriched by a group of white cathedrals with golden domes, surrounded by the red brick wall of the Kremlin. Baroque, as an architectural style, introduced Moscow and Saint Petersburg to the colours dark blue, orange, and green. The official palette of classicism was pastel, predominantly ochre, while the period of eclecticism in Russia was achromatic. At the

  1. Prospecting Anticancer Compounds in Actinomycetes Recovered from the Sediments of Saint Peter and Saint Paul's Archipelago, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferreira, Elthon G; Torres, Maria da Conceição M; da Silva, Alison B; Colares, Larissa L F; Pires, Karine; Lotufo, Tito M C; Silveira, Edilberto R; Pessoa, Otília D L; Costa-Lotufo, Leticia V; Jimenez, Paula C

    2016-09-01

    Saint Peter and Saint Paul's Archipelago is a collection of 15 islets and rocks remotely located in the equatorial Atlantic Ocean. In this particular site, the present project intended to assess the biodiversity and biotechnological potential of bacteria from the actinomycete group. This study presents the first results of this assessment. From 21 sediment samples, 268 strains were isolated and codified as BRA followed by three numbers. Of those, 94 strains were grown in liquid media and submitted to chemical extractions with AcOEt (A), BuOH (B), and MeOH (M). A total of 224 extracts were screened for their cytotoxic activity and 41 were significantly active against HCT-116 cancer cells. The obtained IC50 values ranged from 0.04 to 31.55 μg/ml. The HR-LC/MS dereplication analysis of the active extracts showed the occurrence of several known anticancer compounds. Individual compounds, identified using HR-MS combined with analysis of the AntiMarin database, included saliniketals A and B, piericidins A and C and glucopiericidin A, staurosporine, N-methylstaurosporine, hydroxydimethyl-staurosporine and N-carbamoylstaurosporine, salinisporamycin A, and rifamycins S and B. BRA-199, identified as Streptomyces sp., was submitted to bioassay-guided fractionation, leading to isolation of the bioactive piericidins A and C, glucopiericidin, and three known diketopiperazines, cyclo(l-Phe-trans-4-OH-l-Pro), cyclo(l-Phe-l-Pro), and cyclo(l-Trp-l-Pro). © 2016 Wiley-VHCA AG, Zürich.

  2. EAARL-B Submerged Topography - Saint Croix, U.S. Virgin Islands, 2014

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — ASCII XYZ point cloud data for a portion of the submerged environs of Saint Croix, U.S. Virgin Islands, was produced from remotely sensed, geographically referenced...

  3. EAARL-B Submerged Topography—Saint Croix, U.S. Virgin Islands, 2014

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — A submerged topography digital elevation model (DEM) mosaic for a portion of the submerged environs of Saint Croix, U.S. Virgin Islands, was produced from remotely...

  4. EAARL-B Submerged Topography—Saint Thomas, U.S. Virgin Islands, 2014

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — ASCII XYZ point cloud data for a portion of the submerged environs of Saint Thomas, U.S. Virgin Islands, was produced from remotely sensed, geographically referenced...

  5. EAARL-B Submerged Topography--Saint Thomas, U.S. Virgin Islands, 2014

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — A submerged topography Digital Elevation Model (DEM) mosaic for a portion of the submerged environs of Saint Thomas, U.S. Virgin Islands, was produced from remotely...

  6. Ecole d’été de probabilités de Saint-Flour XXV

    CERN Document Server

    1998-01-01

    This volume contains lectures given at the Saint-Flour Summer School of Probability Theory during the period 10th - 26th July, 1995. These lectures are at a postgraduate research level. They are works of reference in their domain.

  7. Rectangle d'or: que de questions à Saint-Genis-Pouilly!

    CERN Multimedia

    Morin, Valérie

    2004-01-01

    On Sunday, Voters are called to participate in an advisory referendum organised by the Municipality: "Do you want the city of Saint-Genis to subscribe to the project called the Golden Rectangle? (½ page)

  8. La presencia de Ixodes luciae en el noroeste argentino y nuevos huéspedes para Ixodes pararicinus y algunas especies de Amblyomma (Acari: Ixodidae Presence of Ixodes luciae in Argentina northwest and new hosts for Ixodes pararicinus and some species of Amblyomma (Acari: Ixodidae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Analía G. Autino

    2006-07-01

    Full Text Available El análisis de una colección de garrapatas de mamíferos del noroeste argentino, depositados en la Colección de Anexos de la Colección Mamíferos Lillo (CML de la Universidad Nacional de Tucumán, permitió ampliar el área de distribución de Ixodes luciae Sénevet, a las provincias de Salta y Tucumán e incrementar su rango de huéspedes al roedor sigmodontino Calomys callosus (Rengger y a los marsupiales de la familia Didelphidae Micoureus constantiae (Thomas, Thylamys cinderella Thomas y Thylamys venustus (Thomas. Se registró a C . callosus y Oligoryzomys destructor (Tschudi como nuevos huéspedes de Ixodes pararicinus Keirans & Clifford, y a los Carnivora Lycalopex gymnocercus (Fischer y Oncifelis geoffroyi (d´Orbigny & Gervais como nuevos huéspedes de Amblyomma neumanni Ribaga y Amblyomma parvum Aragão, respectivamente. Adicionalmente, se observó la infestación de Lutreolina crassicaudata (Desmarest (Didelphidae por I. luciae y la presencia de Amblyomma tigrinum Koch, sobre L. gymnocercus . Ninfas de Amblyomma sp . se obtuvieron de Akodon Meyen (Sigmodontinae.The analysis of a tick collection of mammals from northwestern Argentina deposited in the Annexes (ACML of Colección Mamíferos Lillo (CML National University of Tucumán, amplified the distribution of Ixodes luciae Sénevet, to Salta and Tucumán provinces and increased the host range to the sigmodontinae rodent Calomys callosus (Rengger and the Didelphidae Micoureus constantiae (Thomas, Thylamys cinderella Thomas and Thylamys venustus (Thomas. Calomys callosus and Oligoryzomys destructor (Tschudi were registered as new hosts of Ixodes pararicinus Keirans & Clifford, and the Carnivora Lycalopex gymnocercus (Fischer and Oncifelis geoffroyi (d´Orbigny & Gervais as new hosts of Amblyomma neumanni Ribaga, and Amblyomma parvum Aragão, respectively . Lutreolina crassicaudata (Desmarest (Didelphidae was also found infested with I. luciae while Amblyomma tigrinum Koch was

  9. The wall-paintings of Saint Constantine at Missochori: New evidence concerning middle Byzantine Nissyros, Greece

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katsioti Angeliki

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The complex of the churches of Saint Constantine and Saint Mamas is located at Missochori, close to the capital of the island of Nissyros, Greece. The first church preserves wall-paintings dated to the end of the twelfth century, shared donation of two monasteries/churches. The paintings are partly repainted, probably in 1318/1319. Both the murals and the two inscriptions of the church provide new evidence concerning mediaeval Nissyros.

  10. Ecological Notes On The Floristic Composition And Endemic Species Of Saint Catherine Mountains, South Sinai, Egypt

    OpenAIRE

    Moustafa, Abdel-Raouf A. [عبد الرؤوف عبد الرحمن مصطفى; Kamel, Wafaa M.

    1995-01-01

    The present study is aimed at (1) giving complete list of all plant speciec growing in Saint Catherine mountains, (2) studying the relationship between species number and the amount of precipitation at the time of study (1992 -1994), and (3) reporting on the geographical distribution of the ten most endangered and endemic species in the study area. Presence / absence tests were applied to forty-five stands distributed in Saint Catherine mountains. Distribution and ecological data (including a...

  11. SAINT APOLLONIA: BETWEEN PAGANISM AND CHRISTIANITY IN MEDICINE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gheorghe Gh. BĂLAN

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The history of medicine and dentistry shows that dental medicine is entitled to take upon itself, as representative elements of the field, symbols or spiritual protectors, religious (either Christian or pagan archetypes from different historical periods. These paved the way for the elaboration of a long-lasting set of professional and ethical criteria that ennoble today the dental profession. The present study analyzes some of the symbols of historical-religious nature, stressing their cultural impact and the manner in which such symbols are interpreted in various scientific, medical, theological, artistic contexts and, last but not least, in the general social perception. The professional ethical domain of dentistry makes use of numerous symbols with religious connotation, the more so that this branch of medicine and the various religions have numerous elements in common. Either stylistically, or appearing as products of folk culture, the main symbolistic or legendary references specific to dental culture are the legend of Cadmus and the canonization of Saint Apollonia, the champion of dentists and of those suffering from toothache. Such symbols give to the representatives of this profession a feeling of belonging to a noble medical domain; they also decode and facilitate communication with patients, therefore being outflanked by the idea that awareness on the existence of such religious symbols and on their practical cohesion is especially helpful.

  12. Supercar Experience | 6 September | Saint-Julien-en-Genevois

    CERN Document Server

    2015-01-01

    On Sunday, 6 September, don’t miss the fourth Supercars Experience day (see here) organised by members of CERN and the Les Amis Porschistes du Léman association.   Supercars at the 2014 experience day. Photo: Kevin Mazzilli. From 9.30 a.m. to 6 p.m., in the Vitam leisure centre car park (Saint-Julien-en-Genevois), the owners of around 50 supercars (Porsche, Ferrari, Lamborghini, Lotus, Venturi, and more) will be offering passengers rides lasting 10 to 15 minutes. For 10 euros, you can go for a spin in a sports car; for 50 euros, you can choose one of the most prestigious models. All of the money collected will go to the Kumansansa association, which helps disadvantaged children in Zambia. “Since the first edition in 2012, the event has been a real success with the public, and the money collected each year allows us to put into action our initiatives with children in Zambia,” says François Butin, co-organiser with ...

  13. Diet of the oilfish Ruvettus pretiosus (Perciformes: Gempylidae in the Saint Peter and Saint Paul archipelago, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Danielle de Lima Viana

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Feeding aspects of the oilfish, Ruvettus pretiosus, were studied based on 360 stomachs of both male and female specimens caught off the Saint Peter and Saint Paul Archipelago. The total length of the specimens ranged from 52.4 cm to 189.0 cm. Of the 360 stomachs examined, 135 presented some food and 225 were empty. Thirty-four taxa were identified, represented by 16 fish, 17 cephalopods and 1 crustacean. The stabilization of the food items richness was attained at 35 food items and 104 stomachs, approximately. A remarkable predation upon the flying fish Cheilopogon cyanopterus was observed around SPSPA, directly related to the main reproductive period of this species in the area. The oilfish's food spectrum shows that the species feeds on a wide vertical range in the water column, catching prey items at the surface or in shallow waters, as well as epi-mesopelagic fish, in addition to mesopelagic cephalopods.Aspectos alimentares do peixe-prego, Ruvettus pretiosus, foram estudados com base nos estômagos de 360 espécimes, de ambos os sexos, capturados nos arredores do Arquipélago de São Pedro e São Paulo. Todos os exemplares foram capturados com linha de mão. O comprimento total dos exemplares variou de 52,4 cm a 189,0 cm. Dos 360 estômagos examinados, 135 apresentaram algum alimento e 225 estavam vazios. Trinta e quatro táxons foram identificados, representados por 16 peixes, 17 cefalópodes e um crustáceo. A estabilização da riqueza dos itens alimentares foi obtida com 35 itens e 104 estômagos. Uma predação notável sobre o peixe-voador Cheilopogon cyanopterus foi observada nas adjacências do ASPSP, diretamente relacionada com o principal período reprodutivo dessa espécie na área. O espectro alimentar do peixe-prego mostra que a espécie se alimenta em uma ampla faixa vertical na coluna d'agua, capturando desde presas de superfície ou águas rasas, a peixes epi-mesopelágicos, além de cefalópodes mesopelágicos.

  14. The harmonious relationship between faith and science from the perspective of some great saints: A brief comment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cortés, Manuel E; Del Río, Juan Pablo; Vigil, Pilar

    2015-02-01

    The objective of this editorial is to show that a harmonious relationship between science and faith is possible, as exemplified by great saints of the Catholic Church. It begins with the definitions of science and faith, followed by an explanation of the apparent conflict between them. A few saints that constitute an example that a fruitful relationship between these two seemingly opposed realities has been possible are Saint Albert the Great, Saint John of the Cross, Saint Giuseppe Moscati, and Saint Edith Stein, among others, and this editorial highlights their deep contributions to the dialogue between faith and reason. This editorial ends with a brief discussion on whether it is possible to be both a scientist and a man of faith.

  15. Physician and miracle worker. The cult of Saint Sampson the Xenodochos and his images in eastern Orthodox medieval painting

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Starodubcev Tatjana

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Saint Sampson, whose feast is celebrated on June 27, was depicted among holy physicians. However, his images were not frequent. He was usually accompanied with Saint Mokios (in Saint Sophia in Kiev, the Transfiguration church in the Mirozh monastery and the church of the Presentation of the Holy Virgin in the Temple in the monastery of Saint Euphrosyne; possibly also in Saint Panteleimon in Nerezi and Saint Demetrios in the village of Aiani near Kozani; furthermore, in the church of Saint Nicholas in Manastir and, afterwards, in the katholikon of the Vatopedi monastery. In a later period, he was usually shown in the vicinity of Saint Diomedes (in the churches of Saint Achillius in Arilje, Saint George in the village Vathiako on Crete, Saint Nicholas Orphanos in Thessaloniki, the Annunciation in Gračanica, the narthexes of the Hilandar katholikon and the church of the Holy Virgin in the monastery of Brontocheion at Mistra, the katholicon of the Pantokrator monastery and the church of Saint Demetrios in Markov Manastir. There are no substantial data regarding the identity of the saints depicted next to him in the metropolitan Church of Saint Demetrios at Mistra, while in a number of cases the image of the saint shown next to him has not been preserved (e.g. Saint Irene in the village of Agios Mamas on Crete, Gregory’s Gallery in the church of Saint Sophia in Ohrid and the church of the Holy Virgin (Panagia Kera near the village Chromonastiri on Crete. On the other hand, in the church of the Holy Virgin in Mateič, Saint Sampson is, exceptionally, depicted among bishops, while in the church of the Holy Archangels in Prilep and the chapel of the Holy Anargyroi in Vatopedi, he is, as usual, surrounded by holy physicians but his mates are not featured - neither Saint Mokios, not Saint Diomedes. The earliest known commemorative text dedicated to him is the extensive hagiography - Vita Sampsonis I, composed in the seventh or the early eighth century

  16. Epidemiological features Delta together multiple infection in Saint-Petersburg

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. V. Nechaev

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Studied the epidemiological features of the delta as a coinfection of hepatitis B in Saint-Petersburg for 14-year period (2002–2014. Clinical and laboratory data of 232 patients admitted to Botkin CIB them during this period. Revealed a 2-fold increase in performance of co-infection (Br + + IOP HIV by 2014. In 49,6% of patients (group 1 were diagnosed less often chronic and acute forms of HBV in combination with delta infection. In 24,5% of cases (group 2 delta infection is associated with chronic hepatitis B and C. In the remaining 25,9% of the cases (B group occurred multiple infection(HBV + HCV + HIV + IOP. Based on the clinical and epidemiological and laboratory data in 75,8% of patients defined delta superinfection, at 24,2% – co-infection. The marked increase in co-delta infection in recent years due to the accumulation of the potential epidemic of chronic hepatitis B in the population and the increase in the number of imported cases from 8,8% to 37,2% of migrants in the city. Cytolytic components, characterized by higher rates of ALT activity was most pronounced in the first group and the third group is minimal. However, the mean activity values for patients of the 3rd group were higher than in the first. ACAT groups had the same tendency as AlAt. Patients third group was a higher mortality, compared with other groups.

  17. The Kotor (Cattaro Minor council and the Saint Trinity church

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sindik Dušan I.

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available The location called Trinity is situated nearby Kotor (Cattaro, and was most probably named after the Saint Trinity Church, built at the same place. The church does not exist any more. Several documents regarding that church have been kept. One of them, written in September 1476, is subject of analysis of this contribution. As it happened, instead of a priest died in May of the same year, the church was taken care by the Minor Council upon the suggestion of the city of Kotor. The election of the same priest was performed in the Minor Council, upon suggestion of the two electors, by secret voting of all members of the Council. It seems the document to be the only one from the Archive of Kotor (today kept in the State Archive of Zadar, in which has been described the voting in the Minor Council, with presences of the two members of Council, who had voted with the golden balls (balotta aurea electionis. As it is possible to see from this case, as well as from the other documents kept in the city archives along the eastern Adriatic Coast, their role was to suggest personalities for important city duties. It is also possible to see from the document that the Minor Council of the Kotor Municipality had separated a book in which the records for the sessions or at least decisions of the Council was registered. The second interesting thing in this document is the name of the deceased priest. His name was don Matej Ćurilica, which should be understood as a nickname, given because of that he had probably served upon the Roman ritual, but in Slavic language, from the books written in Cyrillic or Glagolitic alphabet. The first name for the Glagolitic alphabet was kjurilica. There are strong reasons for presumptions that still in the first half of the 12th century the Glagolitic alphabet was in use in the regions southeast from Dubrovnik.

  18. SACRED PROTECTORS IN THE OLD REALM OF ROMANIAN IMAGINATION – SAINT PARASCHEVA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Bădescu

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Saint Parascheva or Saint Friday (Saint Petca entered the realm of imagination in old Romanian culture through canonical literature. The passage of this character from canonical to apocryphal literature is part of a transfer facilitated by the absence of distinctions between genres in ancient times. The common system of tracing the origins of the most widespread literary types – homilies, hagiographies, folk novels, chronographies, etc. – as well as the specific conditions of reception in ancient times has allowed the moving of the characters from one genre to another, without forcing the limits of plausibility required by certain reading habits and precarious scientific information. Such mutations are not visible predominantly in the case of historical characters that have become characters of an entertaining literature frequently using instruments of the fantastic as being significant when the characters derived from the historical space (see Alexander the Great enter the fantastic realm, which has a long tradition in the literature of entertainment. The work suggests a reception route, as well as a writing route that the canonical character Saint Parascheva traveled passing from religious to apocryphal and folklore literature. Referring to the variant of the legend of Saint Friday from Codex Sturdzanus we would thus like to point out the patterns that facilitated the assimilation of this character in Romanian folklore and thence allowed its access to religious collective memory. Sticking to a route imposed by preestablished labels and stereotype formulae, the legend confirms the mechanisms of production and typology-rendering specific to folklore literature.

  19. The Forging of a White Gay Aesthetic at the Saint, 1980–84

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tim Lawrence

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Based on original interviews with key protagonists and documentary research, the article examines the way in which the DJs who worked at the Saint forged a white gay aesthetic across the first half of the 1980s. A private party located in the East Village, New York, the Saint attracted a privileged white male crowd, and this group's position within the emerging culture of neoliberalism, along with the deepening impact of the AIDS epidemic, encouraged its spinners to sever their ties with sounds that were associated with blackness. However, if Saint DJs rejected a high proportion of records that were being released by New York's independents, and also snubbed Chicago house when it broke in 1985, their forging of an aesthetic that emphasised seamless transitions, often between records that contained similar sonic qualities, preempted the style of mixing that would be popularised in house music culture.

  20. Saint-Louis, Senegal: from heritage to tourism. Compromised local development?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdoul Sow

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Former trading post, colonial city, and French imperial capital turned provincial city in the wake of Africa’s independence movements, Saint-Louis in Senegal stands out among the cities of Sub-Saharan Africa. Inscribed on UNESCO’s World Heritage List in December of 2000, the city should be a cultural reference point on the nation’s tourist circuit. Over fifteen years after its inscription, the greater “Saintlouisian” (from Saint-Louis area is, however, faced with numerous difficulties and its tourism sector has been unable to lift the city out of its economic stagnation. This article analyzes Saint-Louis and the region in which is located as a tourist destination in the context of the Sahelian crisis by focusing on the heritage/tourism binary and its socioeconomic, spatial, and political consequences.

  1. A Mosquito Survey of the Twin-Island Caribbean Nation of Saint Kitts and Nevis, 2010.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mohammed, Hamish; Evanson, Jessica; Revan, Floyd; Lee, Elise; Krecek, Rosina C; Smith, Joshua

    2015-12-01

    Adult mosquito surveys of Saint Kitts and Nevis (SKN) were performed in the dry season (March 16-23, 2010) in Saint Kitts, and the rainy season (October 18-25, 2010) in SKN. Biogents (BG) Sentinel Traps were set with CO₂and BG Lure in urban, rural, mangrove, and dry forest habitats. Mosquitoes were identified to species, and reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction was performed on potential vector species for dengue virus (DENV), chikungunya virus (CHIKV), and West Nile virus (WNV). The most abundant species during both seasons in St. Kitts were Culex quinquefasciatus, Aedes taeniorhynchus, and Aedes aegypti. There were 3 new records for Saint Kitts: Aedes tortilis, Anopheles albimanus, and Culex nigripalpus. Traps were also set in Nevis. No mosquito pool tested positive for DENV, CHIKV, or WNV.

  2. Evidence supporting an intentional Neandertal burial at La Chapelle-aux-Saints.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rendu, William; Beauval, Cédric; Crevecoeur, Isabelle; Bayle, Priscilla; Balzeau, Antoine; Bismuth, Thierry; Bourguignon, Laurence; Delfour, Géraldine; Faivre, Jean-Philippe; Lacrampe-Cuyaubère, François; Tavormina, Carlotta; Todisco, Dominique; Turq, Alain; Maureille, Bruno

    2014-01-07

    The bouffia Bonneval at La Chapelle-aux-Saints is well known for the discovery of the first secure Neandertal burial in the early 20th century. However, the intentionality of the burial remains an issue of some debate. Here, we present the results of a 12-y fieldwork project, along with a taphonomic analysis of the human remains, designed to assess the funerary context of the La Chapelle-aux-Saints Neandertal. We have established the anthropogenic nature of the burial pit and underlined the taphonomic evidence of a rapid burial of the body. These multiple lines of evidence support the hypothesis of an intentional burial. Finally, the discovery of skeletal elements belonging to the original La Chapelle aux Saints 1 individual, two additional young individuals, and a second adult in the bouffia Bonneval highlights a more complex site-formation history than previously proposed.

  3. On the Hierarchy of Saints on Altars. Visitation Records of Otto Friedrich Buchheim, the Bishop of Ljubljana (1641–1664

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    Lavrič, Ana

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available The visitation records of Otto Friedrich Buchheim, the Bishop of Ljubljana from 1641–1664, offer an insight into the rules governing the disposition of saintly figures in altar retables. The central place was accorded to the titular saint, while companion saints are positioned in pairs (separately for each level of the retable in such a way that those of higher rank are placed on the more distinguished gospel side, whereas those of lower rank stand on the subordinate epistle side. The priority of one saint over another was not a matter of a random choice, but of a fixed hierarchical order which was created over the course of centuries in the Litany of All Saints and also in the hymns of the officium for All Saints Day; this hierarchy, as Buchheim remarks, is "in agreement with the general feeling of the Catholic Church". Ecclesiastical art in Slovenia shows that in the Gothic period the hierarchical principle governing the disposition of saintly figures was not yet firmly fixed, but it was fully established in the late Renaissance and Baroque periods, which coincides with the period of unification of the Litany of All Saints for the entire Catholic Church. Later it started to loosen again, yet it remained in force up to the 20th century.

  4. L’art de la reprise dans la collection de Gaston de Saint-Maurice

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    Baillot, Elodie

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available By studying objects from the former collection of the French collector Gaston de Saint-Maurice (1831-1905 now in the Louvre and the Musée des Arts décoratifs in Paris, this article elucidates different aspects of the taste for reuse of architectural elements and decorative artefacts in the 19th century. Known for his collection of Islamic art (acquired by the South Kensington Museum in 1883, Saint-Maurice also collected European decorative arts showing his taste for historical decors. This article also raises the question of the appropriation of such artefacts by museums today.

  5. Ecole d’été de probabilités de Saint-Flour XXVIII

    CERN Document Server

    2000-01-01

    This volume contains lectures given at the Saint-Flour Summer School of Probability Theory during 17th Aug. - 3rd Sept. 1998. The contents of the three courses are the following: - Continuous martingales on differential manifolds. - Topics in non-parametric statistics. - Free probability theory. The reader is expected to have a graduate level in probability theory and statistics. This book is of interest to PhD students in probability and statistics or operators theory as well as for researchers in all these fields. The series of lecture notes from the Saint-Flour Probability Summer School can be considered as an encyclopedia of probability theory and related fields.

  6. Saint Joseph's University Institute for Environmental Stewardship

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    McCann, Micahel P. [Saint Joseph' s Univ., Philadelphia, PA (United States); Springer, Clint J. [Saint Joseph' s Univ., Philadelphia, PA (United States)

    2014-06-03

    future climate scenarios is local adaptation and not necessarily genome size as has been hypothesized in the literature. Task B: Installation of an extensive green roof system on the Science Center at Saint Joseph's University for research, research-training and educational outreach activities. An experimental green roof system was designed and installed by an outside contractor (Roofmeadows) on the roof of the Science Center at Saint Joseph's University. The roof system includes four test plots, each with a different drainage system, instrumentation to monitor storm water retention, roof deck temperature, heat flux into and out of the building, rain fall, wind speed and direction, relative humidity and heat emission from the roof system. The vegetative roof was planted with 26 species of plants, distributed throughout the roof area, to assess species/variety growth and coverage characteristics, both in terms of the different drain layer systems, and in terms of the different exposures along the north to south axis of the building. Analysis of the drain layer performance, in terms of storm water retention, shows that the aggregate (stone) drainage layer system performed the best, with the moisture management mat system second, and the geotextile drain layer and reservoir sheet layer systems coming in last. This information is of value in the planning and design of vegetative roof systems since the different types of drainage layer systems have different installation costs and different weights. The different drainage layer systems also seem to be having an impact on plant growth and spread with the test plot with the reservoir sheet layer actually having the poorest plant coverage and plant spread of all areas of the roof studied. Plant growth performance analysis is ongoing, but significant differences have been observed in the third growing season ('13) along the north to south axis, with most species doing better towards the northern end of the roof (in

  7. Maria Lucia Pimentel de Assis Moura " liderança da enfermagem frente ao conselho regional de enfermagem de São Paulo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edilmar Pereira Vilela Dourado

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este estudio es develar la historicidad de una enfermera paulista al mando de la presidencia del Consejo Regional de Enfermería de São Paulo durante cuatro períodos. Es una investigación de carácter histórico documental cuya base de datos fueron los Informes de las Actividades Anuales del Consejo Regional de Enfermería de São Paulo en ese período. Una vez analizados los datos fue posible identificar el perfil de liderazgo de esta Enfermera ante temas contemporáneos importantes para la enfermería brasileña: La Reglamentación del Ejercicio Profesional de Enfermería, el Código de Ética de los Profesionales de Enfermería, la Sistematización de la Asistencia de Enfermería, y particularmente, las atribuciones de este Organismo de Fiscalización del Ejercicio Profesional para atender las nuevas demandas de los Sistemas de Salud y Educación. El resultado del estudio permite inferir que la enfermera Maria Lucia Pimentel de Assis Moura ha sido un baluarte en la enfermería paulista y brasileña gracias a su brillante contribución.

  8. Presence of two cave bear species in La Lucia cave (Lamason, Cantabria, N. Spain : Ursus deningeri von Reichenau and ursus spelaeus Rosenmüller-Heinroth

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Camacho

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Se presenta el estudio paleontológico sistemático y tafonómico de dos acumulaciones de dientes y huesos de osos fósiles de la Cueva de la Lucia (Lamasón, Cantabria. Los restos de oso se localizaron en dos sitios distintos de la cueva : La Sala (LUS y la Rampa (LUR. El inventario general de hallazgos y el cálculos de edades a partir del desgaste dentario revelan que en LUR, una parte remota de la cueva sin acceso directo, se han encontrado abundantes restos de U. deningeri que testimonian un largo periodo de colonización por individuos jóvenes y adultos. En LUS, una zona directamente conectada con el exterior, dominan el resto de individuos subadultos, oseznos y recien nacidos. La datación numérica de los yacimientos mediante U/Th. Resonancia de Espein Electromagnetico (ESR y racemización de aminoacidos, situa la acumulación de restos de U. deningeri en el 9º episodio del oxigeno marino, mientras que los restos de U. spelaeus muestran un marcado dimorfismo sexual, menos marcado en U. deningeri. En nuestra opinión el importante recorrido de las diversas medidas tomadas en los molariformes, hacen inviable establecer nuevas subespecies, más todavía especies, en base a un material poco abundante.

  9. Gravimetric structure for the abyssal mantle massif of Saint Peter and Saint Paul peridotite ridge, Equatorial Atlantic Ocean, and its relation to active uplift

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    KENJI F. MOTOKI

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents gravimetric and morphologic analyses based on the satellite-derived data set of EGM2008 and TOPEX for the area of the oceanic mantle massif of the Saint Peter and Saint Paul peridotite ridge, Equatorial Atlantic Ocean. The free-air anomaly indicates that the present plate boundary is not situated along the longitudinal graben which cuts peridotite ridge, but about 20 km to the north of it. The high Bouguer anomaly of the peridotite ridge suggests that it is constituted mainly by unserpentinised ultramafic rocks. The absence of isostatic compensation and low-degree serpentinisation of the ultramafic rocks indicate that the peridotite ridge is sustained mainly by active tectonic uplift. The unparallel relation between the transform fault and the relative plate motion generates near north-south compression and the consequent tectonic uplift. In this sense, the peridotite massif is a pressure ridge due to the strike-slip displacement of the Saint Paul Transform Fault.

  10. Homelessness and Work Experience: Two Years in Saint Paul. Final Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davis, Dennis R.

    A study explored the role of work experience in addressing problems of homeless people in Saint Paul (Minnesota) during the 1989-91 grant cycles of the McKinney Job Training for the Homeless Demonstration Program. The program included a number of elements: outreach, intake, assessment and enrollment, orientation, work experience, basic…

  11. Cost Study of the Saint Paul Early Childhood Scholarship Program. Technical Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schwartz, Heather L.; Karoly, Lynn A.

    2011-01-01

    In 2008, the Minnesota Early Learning Foundation created the Saint Paul Early Childhood Scholarship Program, a pilot program to provide families with scholarships to cover the cost of high-quality early childhood education (ECE) programs. Although there is a large body of research about the benefits of preschool specifically and early learning…

  12. The eleventh CRL-Salmonella workshop, 9 May 2006, Saint Malo, France

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mooijman KA; MGB

    2006-01-01

    De elfde workshop georganiseerd door het Communautair Referentie Laboratorium voor Salmonella (CRL-Salmonella) werd gehouden op 9 mei 2006 in Saint Malo, Frankrijk. Deelnemers waren vertegenwoordigers van de nationale Referentie Laboratoria voor Salmonella (NRLs-Salmonella) van de lidstaten van de

  13. "The Glory of God Is Intelligence": Exploring the Foundations of Latter-Day Saint Religious Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Griffiths, Casey Paul; Esplin, Scott C.; Randall, E. Vance

    2016-01-01

    In recent years the educational programs of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS) have received praise for their role in the high rates of religiosity and denominational retention among their youth. This study offers a historical summary of the efforts of LDS to develop the most effective methods of engaging their youth in…

  14. Saint Anthony Hospital: Infusing Developmental and Family Support Services in Community-Based Medical Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Casas, Paula; Isarowong, Nucha

    2015-01-01

    Physicians affiliated with small community hospitals face numerous barriers to using developmentally oriented best practices in primary care with young children. Saint Anthony Hospital's Developmental Support Project model promotes improved developmental outcomes for children through two complementary strands of services: (a) training and…

  15. Ad modum Cartusiensium : Carthusian Inspiration for the Enclosed Saint-Agnes Convent at Maaseik

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Aelst, J.J.

    2016-01-01

    After the enclosure of the Saint-Agnes convent at Maaseik in 1430, the regular canonesses had to learn how to live within the claustrum. They received support from at least two Carthusian monks: James of Gruitrode, prior of the charterhouse in Liège, and Denys the Carthusian from the charterhouse of

  16. Visit to FDI Technology, Saint Petersburg 4-6th December 2006 Travel Report

    CERN Document Server

    Paoluzzi, M

    2006-01-01

    The design and manufacture of the pulse amplifier required for the 3 MeV test stand chopper has been attributed to FID gmbh which is a branch of FID Technology of Saint Petersburg. This visit has been made to monitor the status of the supply.

  17. Sex Discrimination at Saint Ambrose University: The Moral and Legal Consequences of Unethical Behavior

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, Jennifer; Beese, Jane A.

    2015-01-01

    This case was developed for use in a learning-centered course with a focus on administrative leadership and ethical behavior. This case describes the experience of a new faculty member at Saint Ambrose University, as she discovers a wide range of ethical and management problems in her department. The case unfolds as we track her efforts to deal…

  18. Sainte Chapelle'i aarded Louvre'is / Maria-Kristiina Soomre

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Soomre, Maria-Kristiina, 1978-

    2001-01-01

    Augusti lõpuni võib Louvre's näha keskaja väljapanekut - Sainte Chapelle'i varakambri sisu. Varakambrile pani aluse Louis IX Püha, kes koondas sinna 1239. aastast peamiselt neljanda ristisõja käigus rüüstatud Konstantinoopoli keiserlikust varakambrist toodud reliikviaid.

  19. Latter-Day Saint Women and Leadership: The Influence of Their Religious Worldview

    Science.gov (United States)

    Madsen, Susan R.

    2016-01-01

    The article examines theories, assumptions, concepts, experiences, and practices from the Latter-day Saints' (LDS, or the Mormons) religious worldview to expand existing theoretical constructs and implications of leadership development and education for women. The article elucidates LDS doctrine and culture regarding women and provides specific…

  20. The SAINT: A Guided Self-Help Approach for People with Intellectual Disabilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chaplin, Eddie; Craig, Tom; McCarthy, Jane; Bouras, Nick

    2017-01-01

    Introduction: This article introduces the SAINT (Self-Assessment and INTervention), a guided self-help intervention for the treatment of mild depression in people with intellectual disabilities. Method: The study used a single-case experimental design and adopted quality frameworks specific to the approach to describe the participants and to…

  1. [On the medical and publishing activities of the community of Saint Eugene].

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-01

    The article deals with the role the physicians played in organization and functioning of the Community of Saint Eugene in St. Petersburg in 1882-1918. The typography production of the Community being of interest for history of medicine is examined.

  2. The Slavonic Translation of the Life of Saint Euthymius the Great: Observations on Language and Authorship

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dmitriy Evgenyevich Afinogenov

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The Slavonic translation of the Life of Saint Euthymius the Great (BHG 647 by Cyril of Scythopolis, attested at the earliest manuscript of the late 14th c., was probably made by a person originating from South-East Rus in the 11th c., as it displays some grammatical, lexical, and phonetic features peculiar for this area and time, and visible, in particular, in Ipatiev Chronicle and the Tale of Igor’s Campaign. It may have formed a part of the collection comprising several writings by Cyril, including the Life of Saint Sabas and the Praise of Euthymius and Sabas (lost in the Greek original. This collection was later incorporated into the Great Lectionary Menologion of Metropolitan Makarij. The details added by the translator to the description of certain realia pertaining to the Monastery of Saint Euthymius in Palestine suggest a personal knowledge of that monastic complex (the Laura and the coenobium. The proposed author of the translation is Saint Anthony of the Cave Monastery in Kiev († 1073, who could perfectly well have visited the Holy Land during his stay on Mount Athos prior to 1051.

  3. De Manet a Yves Saint-Laurent: uma análise semiótica

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    Christiane Paula Godinho Santarelli

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available A proposta deste artigo é fazer uma análise semiótica, com base na teoria greimasiana, da pintura original de Manet Le déjeuner sur l’herbe e de sua recriação para o anúncio da marca Yves Saint-Laurent. Os aspectos analisados nos dois “textos” são: os sistemas de valores, a estrutura narrativa, a estrutura de poder, os objetos de valor e a semântica profunda. A comparação dos dois discursos tem como objetivo atentar para as contradições no suposto discurso libertador da publicidade de Yves Saint-Laurent, que pode estar presente na publicidade de outras marcas. Palavras-chave: Publicidade; semiótica; arte; moda. ABSTRACT The purpose of this article is to offer a semiotical analysis of the original painting of Manet Le déjeuner sur l’herbe and of its recreation in an advertisement for the brand Yves Saint-Laurent. The aspects analyzed in the two “texts” are: the systems of enclosed values, the narrative structure, the power structure, the objects of value and deep semantics. The comparison between the two forms of speech aims to highlight the contradictions in the alleged liberating speech of the Yves Saint-Laurent advertisement, which may be present in advertising pieces from other brands. Keywords: Advertising; semiotics; art; fashion.

  4. Musical Events at the Prague Convent of the Order of Saint Elisabeth in 1776

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Michl, Jakub

    2016-01-01

    Roč. 8, 1/2 (2016), s. 139-148 ISSN 1803-7828 Institutional support: RVO:68378076 Keywords : Sisters of Saint Elizabeth * cantatas * Marie Juliana a Septem SS. Patribus OSE * Prague * music in convents * Marie Deodata a Presentatione B. V. Mariae OSE (Anna Justina von Klausniz) * oratorios Subject RIV: AL - Art, Architecture, Cultural Heritage

  5. Thought Short Report: The cult of saints and shrines in Samarqand ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Abstract This article is focused on the issues of cult of saints and shrines in the Samarqand province of Uzbekistan. The contribution of the author to the study of shrines of the region consists of that beside the summary of the existing material on pre-Soviet and Soviet periods, he used his own data. For this, the field material ...

  6. L’agriculture à Saint-Georges de l’Oyapock : Bilan et perspectives Agricultura em Saint-Georges de l’Oyapock : Resultados e Perspectivas Agriculture in Saint-Georges de l’Oyapock: Results and Prospects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Koné Tchansia

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available À Saint-Georges de l’Oyapock, l’ouverture du pont binational est source de questionnements quant aux répercussions que ce nouvel axe de circulation aura sur l’économie locale. La question foncière faisant partie de ces interrogations, il a été réalisé un état des lieux du fait agricole à Saint-Georges. Au-delà de la photographie quelque peu figée de l’occupation agricole actuelle du sol, nous avons tenté de suivre l’itinéraire qui va du choix de la parcelle à mettre en valeur à la destination de ses produits, en nous attachant particulièrement à la description de l’accès à la terre. Pensé dès son origine comme un outil d’aide à la décision, ce travail a mis en évidence les incohérences et les zones d’ombre de l’accès à la terre, éléments qui pourront être intégrés dans la définition d’un programme de gestion de l’espace agricole.Em Saint-Georges de Oyapock, a abertura da ponte binacional é fonte de interrogações quanto às repercussões que este novo eixo de circulação terá sobre a economia local. Para a questão fundiária, como ela faz parte destas interrogações, foi realizado o estado da arte da situação agrícola em Saint-Georges. Por trás da imagem estática da ocupação agrícola atual do solo, procuramos ir além da valorização da parcela e do destino de seus produtos, focalizando-nos particularmente na descrição do acesso à terra. Pensado a partir da sua origem como um instrumento de ajuda à decisão, este trabalho pôs em evidência as incoerências e as zonas de sombra do acesso à terra, elementos que poderão ser integrados na definição de um programa de gestão do espaço agrícola.In Saint-Georges de l’Oyapock, the opening of the binational bridge is source of questionnings as for the repercussions that this new axis of circulation will have on the local economy. The land question being part of these interrogations, it was carried out an inventory of the

  7. Potential Use of Hydrogen as a Defense Logistics Fuel - Revision 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    2004-11-01

    Saint Kitts and Nevis Bermuda Hong Kong Saint Lucia Bhutan Iceland Saint Pierre and Miquelon Bosnia and Herzegovina Jamaica Saint Vincent/Grenadines...Barbuda Guam Paraguay Armenia Guinea Portugal Aruba Guinea-Bissau Puerto Rico Bahamas, The Guyana Reunion Belgium Haiti Saint Helena Belize Honduras

  8. Experience in the diagnosis and treatment of Kawasaki disease in the Saint-Petersburg State Pediatric Medical University Clinic and Saint Petersburg City Children’s Hospital One

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. V. Santimov

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Kawasaki disease (KD is acute systemic vasculitis of unknown etiology. Approximately 20–25% of untreated patients develop coronary artery changes with a range of severity from asymptomatic coronary artery dilatation to giant coronary artery aneurysms with thrombosis, myocardial infarction, and sudden death. To date there is no official data on the incidence of KD in Russia. In Russia, the disease is not enough known now to a wide circle of physicians and often masks other more common diseases. Since 2010, the detection rate of KD has dramatically increased in Saint-Petersburg.Objective: to analyze the experience in diagnosing and treating KD in two largest hospitals of Saint Petersburg.Patients and methods. The retrospective study included data on 30 children (18 boys, 12 girls who were hospitalized with a diagnosis of KD in the Saint-Petersburg State Pediatric Medical University Clinic and Children’s Hospital One (Saint Petersburg between January 2011 and September 2016. Data are represented by median and extreme values. The age of the children was 2.8 (0.2; 4.6 years; of them 5 (16.7% patients were under the age of 1 year. The children were hospitalized on 5 (1; 14 days of disease onset; KD was diagnosed on 9 (3; 52 day of the disease.Results. Immediately after diagnosis, 27 (90% children received aspirin. In early stages (before 10 days of the disease, intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG therapy was performed in 15 (50% children, one of them received IVIG before disease day 5 (on day 3, but without effect. On disease days 11-20 (immediately after diagnosis, 10 (33.3% children were prescribed with IVIG; thereafter fever was abolished in all the patients. Their body temperature became normal on day 11 (6; 23. Ultrasonography revealed coronary artery lesions in 13 (43.3% patients. Out of the 30 children followed up, one baby who fell ill at the age of 3 months and received IVIG died on day 30 of the disease.Conclusion. Currently

  9. Partial pressure (or fugacity) of carbon dioxide, dissolved inorganic carbon, pH, alkalinity, salinity and other variables collected from underway - surface observations using Carbon dioxide (CO2) gas analyzer, Shower head chamber equilibrator for autonomous carbon dioxide (CO2) measurement and other instruments from the SANTA LUCIA and Santa Maria in the Caribbean Sea, English Channel and others from 2002-02-22 to 2007-12-22 (NODC Accession 0110259)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC Accession 0110259 includes biological, chemical, meteorological, physical and underway - surface data collected from SANTA LUCIA and Santa Maria in the...

  10. EAARL-B Submerged Topography–Saint Croix, U.S. Virgin Islands, 2014

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — ASCII XYZ point cloud data for a portion of the submerged environs of Saint Croix, U.S. Virgin Islands, was produced from remotely sensed, geographically referenced...

  11. EAARL-B Submerged Topography–Saint Croix, U.S. Virgin Islands, 2014

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — A submerged topography Digital Elevation Model (DEM) mosaic for a portion of the submerged environs of Saint Croix, U.S. Virgin Islands, was produced from remotely...

  12. EAARL-B Submerged Topography–—Saint Thomas, U.S. Virgin Islands, 2014

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — ASCII XYZ point cloud data for a portion of the submerged environs of Saint Thomas, U.S. Virgin Islands, was produced from remotely sensed, geographically referenced...

  13. L'île de Saint-Barthélemy (Petites Antilles) : une destination du tourisme de luxe

    OpenAIRE

    Theng, Sopheap

    2014-01-01

    International audience; Within thirty years, the small island of Saint-Barthelemy (25 km²) is out of its secular isolation to be among major luxury tourism destinations in the world. In this study, the idea is to identify structural element and different cyclical factors that help to understand Saint-Barthelemy tourism situation. The small size of the territory itself can be seen as a fundamental handicap or, conversely, as a considerable asset. Everything depends on development project. It i...

  14. A comparison of today marketing strategy and creation of a new markeitng strategy of Saint Eloi hotel

    OpenAIRE

    Jadroňová, Daniela

    2010-01-01

    This thesis is oriented on communication strategy of a french hotel Saint Eloi. The goal of this thesis is to provide a reader with a complex view of the Saint Eloi's products and to show him the positive and negative points of communication strategy. The results of this thesis is a creation of a new communication strategy that could help the hotel to restrain in the competitive area and become more popular by using the new communication possibilities.

  15. Impact of bacteriophage Saint3 carriage on the immune evasion capacity and hemolytic potential of Staphylococcus aureus CC398.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jung, Philipp; Abdelbary, Mohamed M H; Kraushaar, Britta; Fetsch, Alexandra; Geisel, Jürgen; Herrmann, Mathias; Witte, Wolfgang; Cuny, Christiane; Bischoff, Markus

    2017-02-01

    Livestock-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (LA-MRSA) isolates of clonal complex 398 (CC398) are frequently found in Europe, and recent studies highlighted the importance of mobile genetic element (MGE) exchange for host adaptation of this lineage. Of note, one of the MGEs commonly found in human S. aureus isolates, the immune evasion cluster (IEC) harboring bacteriophage Saint3, is very rarely found in LA-MRSA CC398 isolates obtained from farm animals, but more frequently found in LA-MRSA CC398 that were retransmitted to humans. Here, we analyzed with a set of S. aureus CC398 isolates harboring/lacking φSaint3 how this MGE affects (i) phagocytosis of CC398 isolates by polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMNs), and (ii) hemolysis of human and livestock-derived erythrocytes. Isolates lacking φSaint3 were more efficiently phagocytosed by human PMNs in whole blood phagocytosis assays than isolates harboring this bacteriophage, irrespective of their origin. Notably, a similar effect was observed when equine blood was utilized, but not detected with porcine blood. Integration of φSaint3 into LA-MRSA CC398 strains lacking this MGE confirmed these findings, as φSaint3-harboring recipients were again less efficiently ingested by PMNs in equine and human blood than their parental strains. Integration of φSaint3 strongly reduced the hemolytic potential of the culture supernatants against human-derived erythrocytes, and to a smaller extent also against porcine-derived erythrocytes, while φSaint3 integration only slightly affected the hemolytic capacities against equine-derived red blood cells. The significant protective effect of φSaint3 against phagocytosis by equine PMNs suggests that the host specificity of the IEC components might be broader than currently assumed. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  16. Presence of two cave bear species in La Lucia cave (Lamasón, Cantabria, N Spain): Ursus deningeri von Reichenau and Ursus spelaeus Rosenmüller-Heinroth= Presencia de dos especies de oso de las cavernas en la Cueva de la Lucia(Lamasón, Cantabria, N de España):Ursus deningeri von Reichenau y Ursus spelaeus Rosenmüller-Heinroth

    OpenAIRE

    Torres Pérez-Hidalgo, Trinidad José

    2005-01-01

    Se presenta el estudio paleontológico sistemático y tafonómico de dos acumulaciones de dientes y huesos de osos fósiles de la Cueva de la Lucia (Lamasón, Cantabria). Los restos de oso se localizaron en dos sitios distintos de la cueva: La Sala (LUS) y La Rampa (LUR). El inventario general de hallazgos y el cálculo de edades a partir del desgaste dentario revelan que en LUR, una parte remota de la cueva sin acceso directo, se han encontrado abundantes restos de U.deningeri que testimo...

  17. Les sept péchés de Saint-Léry

    OpenAIRE

    Guitton, Laurent

    2012-01-01

    Un damné persécuté par des monstres cruels incarnant les sept péchés capitaux, telle est l’œuvre extrêmement rare qui s’expose à l’extérieur de l’église paroissiale de Saint-Léry, au sein d’un programme iconographique complexe mais de nature optimiste. La commande de cette image est le fait de deux très grands personnages de Bretagne à la fin du Moyen Âge, qui choisissent cette paroisse pour des raisons stratégiques. Au-delà de sa finalité pastorale, pour l’évêque de Saint-Malo Jean de l’éper...

  18. Depiction of the martyrdom of Saint Ignatius Theophorus in the prothesis of Novo Hopovo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Popović Milica

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available In the art of the Christian East, the depictions of the martyrdom of Saint Ignatius Theophorus, bishop of Antioch, can usually be found among the illustrations of the Menologion. The scene from the monastery of Novo Hopovo, dated to the 1600s, is one of the rare independent depictions of Saint Ignatius’s martyrdom. The paper discusses the iconography of this scene and possible reasons for placing it in the prothesis of the katholikon of Novo Hopovo. The inclusion of a scene showing the martyrdom of the bishop of Antioch into the thematic repertoire of this compartment is a solitary example in Serbian medieval and Byzantine monumental painting. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 177036: Srpska srednjovekovna umetnost i njen evropski kontekst

  19. Saint-Denis, une lecture archéologique entre visible et invisible

    OpenAIRE

    Amand-Chamousset, Christelle; Rodrigues, Nicole

    2014-01-01

    Au nord de la basilique de Saint-Denis, dans les années 1970–1980, 13,5 hectares de rénovation urbaine ont permis de développer un programme de recherches en archéologie urbaine qui a mis en évidence les grandes étapes du développement de l’agglomération. Depuis, l’Unité d’archéologie de Saint-Denis, avec plus de 220 interventions, a constitué un maillage archéologique du territoire communal, sur les bases duquel s’est construit le projet « Archéologie territoire et citoyenneté ». Le travail ...

  20. El diario de un escritor en Encuentro en Saint-Nazaire de Ricardo Piglia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amor Arelis Hernández Peñaloza

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available En este artículoestudiamos el género diario íntimo a través de la nouvelleEncuentro en Saint-Nazaire(1988 que contiene el ”Diario de un loco”del escritor ficticio Stephen Stevensen. Este uso ficcional del diario, dentro delmarco de la estructura de la obra literaria adquiere un sentido diferente porque renuncia a la comunicación de algo íntimo y secreto, para convertirse en literatura, en ”comunicación estética”. Asimismopretendemosevidenciar la importancia y la magnitud del género diario en la unidad narrativa de un autor como Ricardo Piglia. Junto a esto, el ejemplo de Encuentro en Saint- Nazairenos ayudará a mostrar las características de este tipo de prosa pigliana, que funciona como un laboratorio de la escritura.

  1. Ecole d’été de probabilités de Saint-Flour XXXII

    CERN Document Server

    2004-01-01

    This is yet another indispensable volume for all probabilists and collectors of the Saint-Flour series, and is also of great interest for mathematical physicists. It contains two of the three lecture courses given at the 32nd Probability Summer School in Saint-Flour (July 7-24, 2002). Boris Tsirelson's lectures introduce the notion of nonclassical noise produced by very nonlinear functions of many independent random variables, for instance singular stochastic flows or oriented percolation. Two examples are examined (noise made by a Poisson snake, the Brownian web). A new framework for the scaling limit is proposed, as well as old and new results about noises, stability, and spectral measures. Wendelin Werner's contribution gives a survey of results on conformal invariance, scaling limits and properties of some two-dimensional random curves. It provides a definition and properties of the Schramm-Loewner evolutions, computations (probabilities, critical exponents), the relation with critical exponents of planar...

  2. La théorie de la diplomatie dans le Saint Empire Romain

    OpenAIRE

    Weber, Wolfgang E. J.

    2016-01-01

    Principes Dans ce que l’on nomme officiellement, depuis 1500 environ jusqu’à sa fin en 1806, le Saint Empire romain de la nation allemande (Heiliges Römisches Reich Deutscher Nation), le développement de la théorie de la diplomatie, autrement dit de conceptions relatives aux diplomates et à la diplomatie, est le fait d’élites soucieuses de mieux comprendre des problèmes posé...

  3. Repair works at Saint Claire Convent in Chinchón (Madrid, Spain)

    OpenAIRE

    Rodríguez-Monteverde, Pilar; Ávila Jalvo, José Miguel

    2013-01-01

    The Chinchón Saint Claire Convent is a Count Foundation of 1653. Some repair works were made around 1965, but some important cracks were remained. This paper describes the soil study made to know, its properties, the reason of these movements and its consequences to the convent and the repair works done. A high swelling phenomenon has been detected. The convent is on a high plasticity clayey soil with soil sandy insertions. The soil water has a hi...

  4. L’église Saint-Michel de Lille : chronologie d’un chantier

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Catherine Guillot

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Après le démantèlement des fortifications de Lille en 1858, un nouveau quartier est aménagé au sud de la ville, dont un des équipements importants est l’église Saint-Michel, construite entre 1868 et 1874 par l’architecte Alfred Coisel. Très bien documenté, son chantier dévoile un mobilier et un décor exemplaire par son homogénéité et par la place accordée à la peinture murale. Cette étude met en évidence, outre le rôle du peintre Alphonse Colas, des artistes méconnus comme Albéric Duyver et Marie Carin. L’iconographie, qui révèle un des plus importants cycles consacrés à l’archange saint Michel, est également extrêmement caractéristique de son temps.After the demolition of the fortifications at Lille, in 1858, a new quarter developed to the south of the city. One of the important features of this new neighbourhood was the Saint-Michel church, built between 1868 and 1874 to the designs of the architect Alfred Coisel. The building of this church is exceptionally well documented and reveals church furnishings and decoration of an exemplary nature in terms of homogeneity and the special place given over to mural paintings. This study underlines the role of the painter Alphonse Colas, but also the contribution of other, less well known artists such as Albéric Duyver and Marie Carin. The iconographical theme is one of the most important cycles of its time devoted to the archangel Saint Michel, and is highly characteristic of the period.

  5. Saint-Gaudens National Historic Site: Home of a Gilded Age Icon. Teaching with Historic Places.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Percoco, James A.

    Augustus Saint-Gaudens (1848-1907) was a renowned 19th-century U.S. sculptor whose artistic training and talent ensured his place in Gilded Age society. In 1885, he was drawn to Cornish, New Hampshire, to find a place where he could model his latest commission, a statue of Abraham Lincoln. He and his wife established a summer home and studio in an…

  6. First data on Dolichopodidae (Diptera) of the West Kotlin Nature Reserve (Saint Petersburg, Russia)

    OpenAIRE

    Grichanov, I.Ya.; Ovsyannikova, E. I.

    2017-01-01

    First data on Dolichopodidae from the West Kotlin Nature Reserve resulted from the short-term visit (June, 2017) are presented. All 25 collected species are firstly recorded for the Kotlin Island. Lamprochromus semiflavus (Strobl, 1880) and Syntormon filiger Verrall, 1912 are new species for the Leningrad Region and Saint Petersburg. The old records of Lamprochromus bifasciatus (Macquart, 1827) and Syntormon pumilus (Meigen, 1824) from the Region are doubted.

  7. "Monstre". Etienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire and the science of monstrosity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mazzocut-Mis, Maddalena

    2014-01-01

    This article aims at analyzing the entry "Monstre", written by Etienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire in 1827 and included in the Dictionnaire classique d'histoire naturelle. Under Etienne Geoffroy the study of monsters brought new heuristic and theoretical approaches to the research fields of anatomy and embryology, and acquired the status of a scientific discipline having its own theoreticalfoundations and therefore its own standards for classification, seen as non-random means for revealing a groundbreaking knowledge.

  8. FOOLISHNESS FOR CHRIST, LOVE AND MATERNITY IN LUDMILA ULITSKAYA'S PLAY "THE SEVEN SAINTS"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moteyunaite I. V.

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available The article presents a new understanding of such a complex cultural phenomenon as foolishness for Christ through the example of Ludmila Ulitskaya's historical play "The Seven Saints". The author shows that the hero of the 1990's became a blessed woman (a God's fool, who neither sets an optimistic example nor gives faith in the triumph of spirit, but who can only die with dignity, following Christ's way and His final sacrifice.

  9. Un solveur HLLTpour les equations de Saint-vVenant et traitement ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Nous présentons dans ce rapport la résolution, par une méthode volumes finis, du système des équations de Saint-Venant avec termes sources topographiques sur des domaines 1D. Avec une idée originale de Leroux (CHINNAYYA A. et al, 2004), le système des équations est complété par une équation triviale sur la ...

  10. Un solveur HLLT pour les equations de Saint-Venant et traitement ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Nous présentons dans ce rapport la résolution, par une méthode volumes finis, du système des équations de Saint-Venant avec termes sources topographiques sur des domaines 1D. Avec une idée originale de Leroux (BERMUDEZ A. et al, 1988), le système des équations est complété par une équation triviale sur la ...

  11. Community Effect of Alcoholism: A Photovoice Study in Saint Vincent and the Grenadines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosenthal, Adrienne Isobel; Mayott, Lindsay; Lyons, Daniel Jack; Providence, Karen; Scott, Arlitha; Smart, Ynolde; Katz, Craig L

    2017-09-01

    The Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai and the Saint Vincent/Grenadines Ministry of Health, Wellness and the Environment have been collaborating since 2012 in addressing the plight of alcoholism in Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (SVG). SVG is a middle-income country with few resources available for those who suffer from alcohol use disorders, and these efforts have centered on establishing and monitoring alcohol self-help groups based on the "Alcoholics Anonymous model" (AA model) in several communities in Saint Vincent and the Grenadines. In the summer of 2014, the efforts evolved to include an in-depth investigation of the experience of members of self-help group members via the qualitative research method known as Photovoice. Photovoice is a community based participatory research method in which a set of research questions are explored qualitatively through photographs, interviews, and focus groups. In June 2014, a Photovoice project was established with the longest running self-help group on the island of Saint Vincent in the fishing community of Barrouallie. This project consisted of three rounds of photo-taking, individual interviews, and focus groups, and analysis of the data revealed a number of broad themes relevant to perceptions about the impact of problematic drinking and about drinkers themselves; about the applicability of the AA model in SVG; and about factors that may perpetuate or mitigate problem drinking. It was evident that current and recovering alcoholics believed that there were different types of drinkers who because of their gender, public drinking or tendency for violence could be labeled as "irresponsible." These findings suggest areas for future interventions and research in SVG.

  12. A restoration and conservation project of the “Saint Dominic” Monastery in Soriano Calabro, Italy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nazzareno Davolos

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available The article is extracted from the Master Thesis about Restoration of the Monuments at “La Sapienza”, University of the Studies of Rome. The Monastery was one of the most important of the Dominican Order in Europe. The building dates back to year 1510, it broke down almost completely in the earthquake of year 1659. It was rebuilt following the architect B. Presti’s project. At the present time the “Saint Domenic” Monastery largely seems a ruin, mainly as a consequence of the cat- N. Davolos - A restoration and conservation project of the ÒSaint DominicÓ Monastery... 185 astrophic earthquake in 1783. However, with the new look that has acquired, it still preserves an extraordinary charm that continues to astonish. The project followed the trend of the critical and conservative restoration with the safeguard of the artistic and figurative data of the “Saint Domenic” Monastery which has been analysed through an accurate historical-critical work. The idea is to preserve and transmit to the future generations the “Saint Domenic” monument in his authenticity, in its formal and material consistence, with the marks of the passing of time. The abstracts reports only the most important aspects which are representative of the project. Besides the historical analysis, laboratory examination have been executed on the material used in the construction of the ancient facade through the observation of thin sections by optic microscope and with the realization of spectrum of X-ray diffraction, in order to know the nature and composition, the state of preservation and the kinds of deterioration to support an appropriate intervention of restoration.

  13. Clinical, metabolic, and genetic aspects of cytochrome C oxidase deficiency in Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean.

    OpenAIRE

    Morin, C; Mitchell, G; Larochelle, J; Lambert, M; Ogier, H; Robinson, B H; De Braekeleer, M

    1993-01-01

    Thirty-four children with lactic acidosis and Leigh encephalopathy due to cytochrome C oxidase (COX) deficiency distributed in 28 families have recently been identified in northeastern Quebec, particularly in the Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean (SLSJ) region. The segregation analysis was consistent with an autosomal recessive mode of inheritance. The incidence was estimated at 1/2,063 live births between 1979 and 1990, and the carrier rate was estimated at 1/23 inhabitants in SLSJ. In SLSJ, the place...

  14. Agononida Baba and de saint Laurent, 1996 (Crustacea: Decapoda: Anomura: Galatheoidea: Munididae) from Chinese waters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dong, Chao; Li, Xinzheng

    2013-11-01

    The present paper reports five species of squat lobster, genus Agononida Baba and de Saint Laurent, 1996, of which A. squamosa (Henderson, 1885) and A. cf. variabilis (Baba, 1988) were not previously reported in Chinese waters. All the specimens are kept in the Marine Biological Museum collection in the Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao. To date, there have been 11 species of this genus recorded from China's seas. A key to those species is provided in this paper.

  15. THE FINAL ANALYSIS: 10-YEAR TREATMENT RESULTS OF ACUTE LYMPHOBLASTIC LEUKEMIA IN CHILDREN OF SAINT-PETERSBURG ON THE PROTOCOL COALL-92–SAINT-PETERSBURG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E.G. Boichenko

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The article demonstrates the treatment results on the protocol the treatment of children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL (COALL-92–Saint-Petersburg after 10 years of follow-up. Between January, 1999 and August, 2008, a total of 272 children and adolescents 0–18 yr of age, from Saint-Petersburg and its area were eligible for the protocol. All the patients have met diagnostic criteria for ALL. Those with a mature B-cell phenotype and FAB-L3 morphology were excluded. The diagnosis was based on morphological evaluation of the peripheral blood and bone marrow smears, immunophenotyping and cytogenetic analysis. All patients were classified as being at lower (LR, 47% or higher (HR, 53% risk of relapse. The intensive phase of treatment lasted 5, 5 months in low risk group and 8 months in high risk group and consisted of 4 parts (induction, consolidation, CNS-treatment and reinduction. It was followed by maintenance treatment until 2 years from date of diagnosis. After an observation time of 11 years, the estimate for EFS of all 272 evaluable patients was 67,7 ± 3,1%, the estimate of probability of RFS was 74,1 ± 3,3%, and probability of overall survival was 75,6 ± 3,0%. Key words: acute lymphoblastic leukemia, intensive chemotherapy, children. (Pediatric Pharmacology. – 2010; 7(6:50-56

  16. Virological Surveillance of Dengue in Saint Martin and Saint Barthélemy, French West Indies, Using Blood Samples on Filter Paper

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matheus, Séverine; Chappert, Jean-Loup; Cassadou, Sylvie; Berger, Franck; Labeau, Bhetty; Bremand, Laetitia; Winicki, Alain; Huc-Anais, Patricia; Quenel, Philippe; Dussart, Philippe

    2012-01-01

    To strengthen active dengue surveillance in Saint Martin and Saint Barthélemy, two French Caribbean islands, we evaluated the epidemiological usefulness of collecting blood samples from NS1-positive dengue patients on filter paper to identify the dengue serotypes circulating in these regions during a 27-month period. This approach allowed dengue serotypes to be identified by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction in 90.1% of the total set of 666 samples analyzed and, in 95.5% of the samples collected during the acute phase of the disease. This prospective virological surveillance using blood samples absorbed onto filter paper, which were stored at 4°C and shipped at ambient temperature to a specialized laboratory for analysis, allowed us to avoid the logistic and financial costs associated with shipping frozen venous blood samples. This surveillance system offers a low-cost alternative for reinforcing dengue prevention in areas where specialized laboratories do not exist, notably by facilitating the early detection of potentially new dengue serotypes. PMID:22232467

  17. Development of flood-inundation maps for the Mississippi River in Saint Paul, Minnesota

    Science.gov (United States)

    Czuba, Christiana R.; Fallon, James D.; Lewis, Corby R.; Cooper, Diane F.

    2014-01-01

    Digital flood-inundation maps for a 6.3-mile reach of the Mississippi River in Saint Paul, Minnesota, were developed through a multi-agency effort by the U.S. Geological Survey in cooperation with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers and in collaboration with the National Weather Service. The inundation maps, which can be accessed through the U.S. Geological Survey Flood Inundation Mapping Science Web site at http://water.usgs.gov/osw/flood_inundation/ and the National Weather Service Advanced Hydrologic Prediction Service site at http://water.weather.gov/ahps/inundation.php, depict estimates of the areal extent and depth of flooding corresponding to selected water levels (stages) at the U.S. Geological Survey streamgage at the Mississippi River at Saint Paul (05331000). The National Weather Service forecasted peak-stage information at the streamgage may be used in conjunction with the maps developed in this study to show predicted areas of flood inundation. In this study, flood profiles were computed for the Mississippi River by means of a one-dimensional step-backwater model. The hydraulic model was calibrated using the most recent stage-discharge relation at the Robert Street location (rating curve number 38.0) of the Mississippi River at Saint Paul (streamgage 05331000), as well as an approximate water-surface elevation-discharge relation at the Mississippi River at South Saint Paul (U.S. Army Corps of Engineers streamgage SSPM5). The model also was verified against observed high-water marks from the recent 2011 flood event and the water-surface profile from existing flood insurance studies. The hydraulic model was then used to determine 25 water-surface profiles for flood stages at 1-foot intervals ranging from approximately bankfull stage to greater than the highest recorded stage at streamgage 05331000. The simulated water-surface profiles were then combined with a geographic information system digital elevation model, derived from high-resolution topography

  18. Status of Forces Agreement (SOFA): What Is It, and How Has It Been Utilized?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-06-18

    Paraguay 2005 Temporarily present in Paraguay Qatar 1992 Text classified Saint Kitts and Nevis 1987 Present in connection with their official duties... Saint Lucia 2000 Present in St. Lucia in connection with military exercises and training, counter-drug related activities, U.S. security assistance

  19. The Way of Saint James and the Xacobeo 2010 in the tourism websites of the Spanish autonomous communities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María-Dolores Fernández-Poyatos, Ph.D.

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This article analyses the tourism websites of Spanish autonomous communities crossed by the Way of Saint James. Considering that the Way of Saint James and the Xacobeo 2010 are important touristic opportunities for these autonomous regions, the main objective of this investigation is to evaluate the information about these touristic places in their tourism websites. The analysis focused on two aspects: firstly, establishing whether the autonomous communities have used the Way of Saint James and the Xacobeo 2010 to promote themselves, and secondly, evaluating the quality of the websites. The study included a literature review, definition of concepts and criteria to measure the quality of websites, and the analysis of the content and design of the selected tourism websites. The results show that the Galician website is the most complete in terms of information about the Way of Saint James and the Xacobeo 2010. The information about the Way of Saint James and the Xacobeo 2010 in the websites of the other communities is vague and differs from one website to another. Due to the touristic significance of the Xacobeo 2010 and the importance of Internet as a medium of communication, the research group plans to conduct a new analysis of the communities’ institutional websites in 2011.

  20. La collégiale Saint-Étienne de Neuvy-Saint-Sépulchre (Indre The collegiate church of Saint-Étienne at Neuvy-Saint-Sépulchre (Indre, France. A recent building survey of the rotunda and the nave

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simon Bryant

    2006-05-01

    Full Text Available La collégiale Saint-Étienne à Neuvy-Saint-Sépulchre (Indre est un des rares édifices subsistants en France qui soit conçu comme une copie de l’église du Saint-Sépulcre de Jérusalem. L’étude archéologique, réalisée pendant des travaux, a permis de préciser les étapes de son évolution depuis sa fondation dans les années 1040. La rotonde, avec ses onze piliers centraux, a été ajoutée à l’extrémité ouest d’une église antérieure. Le mur extérieur a été achevé dans cette première phase mais la cage centrale, qui abritait l’édicule, n’a été terminée qu’au début du XIIe s. Pendant la deuxième moitié du XIIe s., l’église est profondément remaniée et sans doute raccourcie avec la création d’un chevet plat. La voûte primitive est remplacée par trois travées de croisées d’ogives. L’édifice sert de refuge pendant la guerre de Cent Ans, ce qui provoque certains dégâts, partiellement réparés. Malgré les ruptures évidentes dans la construction et un plan irrégulier, l’étude montre que l’édifice est le résultat de la poursuite d’un projet architectural cohérent et original visant à évoquer l’église du Saint-Sépulcre de Jérusalem.The collegiate church of Saint-Étienne at Neuvy-Saint-Sépulchre (Department of the Indre, France is one of the few surviving rotundas built as a copy of the Holy-Sepulcre of Jerusalem during the mid 11th century. Many theories have been advanced concerning the history and the dating of this unusual monument. A recent building survey, carried out during restoration work, has managed to clarify the main phases of its evolution. The rotunda, with eleven central pillars placed around the reliquary monument, was added onto the west end of an existing church during the 1040’s. The two upper stories of the central cage, however, were not finished until the early 12th century. During the second half of the 12th century, the church was extensively

  1. Consistent initial conditions for the Saint-Venant equations in river network modeling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yu, Cheng-Wei; Liu, Frank; Hodges, Ben R.

    2017-09-01

    Initial conditions for flows and depths (cross-sectional areas) throughout a river network are required for any time-marching (unsteady) solution of the one-dimensional (1-D) hydrodynamic Saint-Venant equations. For a river network modeled with several Strahler orders of tributaries, comprehensive and consistent synoptic data are typically lacking and synthetic starting conditions are needed. Because of underlying nonlinearity, poorly defined or inconsistent initial conditions can lead to convergence problems and long spin-up times in an unsteady solver. Two new approaches are defined and demonstrated herein for computing flows and cross-sectional areas (or depths). These methods can produce an initial condition data set that is consistent with modeled landscape runoff and river geometry boundary conditions at the initial time. These new methods are (1) the pseudo time-marching method (PTM) that iterates toward a steady-state initial condition using an unsteady Saint-Venant solver and (2) the steady-solution method (SSM) that makes use of graph theory for initial flow rates and solution of a steady-state 1-D momentum equation for the channel cross-sectional areas. The PTM is shown to be adequate for short river reaches but is significantly slower and has occasional non-convergent behavior for large river networks. The SSM approach is shown to provide a rapid solution of consistent initial conditions for both small and large networks, albeit with the requirement that additional code must be written rather than applying an existing unsteady Saint-Venant solver.

  2. IL “LUMBARD” A SAINT LOUIS. STORIA DI UN’EMIGRAZIONE LINGUISTICA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chris Stephens

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Nel presente contributo si illustrano i primi dati di un’indagine, tuttora in corso, sullo stato del dialetto dell’Alto Milanese, il Lumbard, nella comunità italoamericana di Saint Louis (Missouri. Avvalendosi degli strumenti tipici dell’indagine sociolinguistica, quali questionari e conversazioni semi-strutturate, e avendo sempre come riferimento la letteratura specialistica e la storia particolare della suddetta comunità, i ricercatori mostrano e spiegano le cause del processo di language shift iniziato tra seconda e terza generazione. Focalizzano quindi la loro attenzione su quale e quanto Lumbard si sia conservato fino ad oggi, dando vita a una raccolta di lemmi e modi di dire riconducibili a cinque grandi aree tematiche: casa, comandi, tempo atmosferico, espressioni colorite e volgari, espressioni familiari. Tale raccolta dimostra come il Lumbard sia una scelta quasi obbligata in determinati domini e contesti e soprattutto come questo dialetto veicoli una chiara e precisa identità, che non è né italiana né americana ma autenticamente lombarda. “Lumbard” in Saint Louis: a story of linguistic emigration This article describes the first results of an investigation, still in progress, into the status of the Alto Milanese dialect, the Lumbard, in the Italian-American community of Saint Louis (Missouri. Utilizing questionnaires and semi-structured conversations typical to sociolinguistics surveys, sociolinguistics literature and reference to the particular history of this community, the researchers demonstrate and explain the causes of the process of language shift that begins between the second and third generations. They then focus attention on which and how much Lumbard remains preserved to this day, identifying a collection of terms and sayings grouped into five broad areas: home, commands, weather, colorful/vulgar expressions and colloquial expressions. This collection reveals how Lumbard is a nearly necessary linguistic

  3. [Gender Differences of Behavioral Risk Factors in Saint-Petersburg Inhabitants].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Orlov, A V; Rotar, O P; Boyarinova, M A; Alieva, A S; Dudorova, E A; Kolesova, E P; Moguchaya, E V; Paskar, N A; Solntsev, V N; Baranova, E A; Konradi, A O

    2015-01-01

    In developed countries there are significant gender differences in lifetime expectancy that can be explained by behavioral risk factors (RF). The aim of our study was to estimate gender features of behavioral RF in general population of Saint-Petersburg, Russia. As a part of all-Russian epidemiology survey ESSE-RF a random sampling of 1600 Saint-Petersburg inhabitants (25-64 y.o.) stratified by age and sex was performed. All participants filled in the questionnaire. Anthropometry (weight, height, body-mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC) and fasting blood-tests (lipids, glucose by Abbott Architect 8000 (USA)) were performed. There were examined 573 (36%) men and 1027 (64%) women. No gender differences in obesity were found according to BMI criteria--in 178 (31.2%) women and 352 (35.1%) men. Obesity was more often detected in females according to WC criteria: ATPIII--44.1 vs 30.3%; IDF 51.2 vs 66.4% (p level of physical activity was equally documented in both genders--540 (61.2%) women and 286 (58.9%) men. Daily intake of sweets was lower in men--228 (39.8%) vs 539 (52.5%) in women (p non-smokers, 395 (24.7%) were former smokers, and 395 (24.7%) were smokers at the moment of trial. The higher number of female smokers was observed--194 (19.1%). A high prevalence of obesity is observed in sample of Saint-Petersburg inhabitants--it is higher among women according to WC criteria regardless of menopause, possibly due to bigger sweets consumption. Males smoke more often and consume less fresh fruits and vegetables which is accompanied by a higher prevalence of hyperglycemia and hypertriglyceridemia.

  4. On the Life and Deeds of San Precario, Patron Saint of Precarious Workers and Lives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcello Tarì

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Noi siamo la generazione post-socialista, la generazione del dopo guerra fredda, della fine delle burocrazie verticali e del controllo sull'informazione. Siamo un movimento globale e neuropeo, che porta avanti la rivoluzione democratica scaturita dal Sessantotto mondiale e lotta contro la distopia neoliberista oggi al culmine. Siamo ecoattivisti e mediattivisti, siamo i libertari della Rete e i metroradicali dello spazio urbano, siamo le mutazioni transgender del femminismo globale, siamo gli hacker del terribile reale. Siamo gli agitatori del precariato e gli insorti del cognitariato. Siamo anarcosindacalisti e postsocialisti. Siamo tutti migranti alla ricerca di una vita migliore. E non ci iconosciamo in voi, stratificazioni tetre e tetragone di ceti politici sconfitti già nel XX secolo. Non ci riconosciamo nella sinistra italyana.Manifesto Bio/Pop del Precariato Metroradicale, 20042004 has marked the beginning of the spreading "cult" of San Precario, Patron Saint of precarious, casual, sessional, temporary, flexible and fractional workers. The Saint appears in public spaces in occasion of rallies, marches, interventions and demonstrations, and its popularity has lead to development of a precise and colorful iconography, hagiography and rituals. This popularity conversely is also the sign of the gravity of the issue of precarity in Italy and Europe .San Precario epitomises current Italian activist practices. These practices, although specifically Italian, intersect with similar realities in Europe and are based on mythopoetic narratives and actions and mediatic embodiments. This paper analysis a variety of texts produced around San Precario, from posters, saint cards, product cards, videos, "official" narratives, personal accounts, relating them to the political debate surrounding precarity.

  5. African Journals Online: Papua New Guinea

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... Pakistan, Palau, Palestine, State of, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Puerto Rico, Qatar, Romania, Russian Federation, Rwanda, Saint Bartelemey, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia ...

  6. FTIR ANALYSIS OF PAINTING MATERIALS FROM THE CHURCH SAINT PARASCHIVA, OF POIENILE IZEI, MARAMUREŞ, ROMANIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Constantin MARUŢOIU

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the research and the t results of FTIR analyses on samples of immobile paintings on the wooden walls, taken from the Church Saint Paraschiva from the Village of Poienile Izei, county of Maramureş,Romania, a UNESCO World Heritage List monument. These analyses were meant to certify the type and origin of the materials used in the grounding and paint layers of the late 18th c. pictures inside this wooden church. The results obtained, revealed us that other materials had been used than expected. Results also can help in the future conservation-restoration intervention, especially in cleaning and retouching.

  7. Marées et touristes au Mont-Saint-Michel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernand Verger

    2001-09-01

    Full Text Available L’imaginaire collectif fait la plus grande place au phénomène des grandes marées dans la baie du Mont-Saint-Michel, mais la fréquentation touristique n’est que faiblement déterminée par l’occurrence des grandes marées, malgré l’existence d’un public spécifique, relativement peu nombreux, attiré par le spectacle du mascaret.

  8. Ecole d'été de probabilités de Saint-Flour XXXVI

    CERN Document Server

    Guionnet, Alice

    2009-01-01

    Random matrix theory has developed in the last few years, in connection with various fields of mathematics and physics. These notes emphasize the relation with the problem of enumerating complicated graphs, and the related large deviations questions. Such questions are also closely related with the asymptotic distribution of matrices, which is naturally defined in the context of free probability and operator algebra. The material of this volume is based on a series of nine lectures given at the Saint-Flour Probability Summer School 2006. Lectures were also given by Maury Bramson and Steffen Lauritzen.

  9. Developing Semi-Analytical solutions for Saint-Venant Equations in the Uniform Flow Region

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.M. Heidari

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Unsteady flow in irrigation systems is the result of operations in response to changes in water demand that affect the hydraulic performance networks. The increased hydraulic performance needed to recognize unsteady flow and quantify the factors affecting it. Unsteady flow in open channels is governed by the fully dynamic Saint Venant equation, which express the principles of conservation of mass and momentum. Unsteady flow in open channels can be classified into two types: routing and operation-type problems. In the routing problems, The Saint Venant equations are solved to get the discharge and water level in the time series. Also, they are used in the operation problem to compute the inflow at the upstream section of the channel according to the prescribed downstream flow hydrographs. The Saint Venant equation has no analytical solution and in the majority cases of such methods use numerical integration of continuity and momentum equations, and are characterized by complicated numerical procedures that are not always convenient for carrying out practical engineering calculations. Therefore, approximate methods deserve attention since they would allow the solution of dynamic problems in analytical form with enough exactness. There are effective methods for automatic controller synthesis in control theory that provide the required performance optimization. It is therefore important to get simplified models of irrigation canals for control design. It would be even more interesting to have linear models that explicitly depend on physical parameters. Such models would allow one to, handle the dynamics of the system with fewer parameters, understand the impact of physical parameters on the dynamics, and facilitate the development a systematic design method. Many analytical models have been proposed in the literature, Most of them have been obtained in the frequency domain by applying Laplace transform to linearized Saint

  10. Johnson-Segalman -- Saint-Venant equations for viscoelastic shallow flows in the elastic limit

    OpenAIRE

    Boyaval, Sébastien

    2016-01-01

    The shallow-water equations of Saint-Venant, often used to model the long-wave dynamics of free-surface flows driven by inertia and hydrostatic pressure, can be generalized to account for the elongational rheology of non-Newtonian fluids too. We consider here the $4 \\times 4$ shallow-water equations generalized to viscoelastic fluids using the Johnson-Segalman model in the elastic limit (i.e. at infinitely-large Deborah number, when source terms vanish). The system of nonlinear first-order eq...

  11. Intrauterine contraception in Saint Louis: A Survey of Obstetrician and Gynecologists’ knowledge and attitudes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Madden, Tessa; Allsworth, Jenifer E.; Hladky, Katherine J.; Secura, Gina M.; Peipert, Jeffrey F.

    2009-01-01

    Background Many obstacles to intrauterine contraception use exist, including provider and patient misinformation, high upfront cost, and clinician practice patterns. The aim of our study was to investigate knowledge and attitudes about intrauterine contraception among obstetricians and gynecologists in the area of Saint Louis. Study Design We mailed a self-administered, anonymous survey to 250 clinicians who provide obstetric and gynecologic care in Saint Louis City and County which included questions about demographics, training, family planning visits, and intrauterine contraceptive knowledge and use. Results The overall survey response rate among eligible clinicians was 73.7%. Clinicians who had recently finished training or saw higher numbers of contraceptive patients per week were more likely to insert intrauterine contraception than clinicians who completed training prior to 1989 or saw fewer contraceptive patients. Several misconceptions among clinicians were identified, including an association between intrauterine contraceptives and an elevated risk of pelvic inflammatory disease. Conclusions Physician misconceptions about the risks of intrauterine contraception continue to occur. Improved clinician education is greatly needed to facilitate the use of these highly effective, long-acting, reversible methods of contraception. PMID:20103447

  12. De nouveau sur la peinture du skite des Saints-Apôtres de Hurezi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ioana Iancovescu

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available La peinture de l’église du skite des Saints-Apôtres près du monastère Hurezi, fondation de l’higoumène du monastère, l’archimandrite Jean, réalisée en 1700, présente nombre de particularités iconographiques. Un surprenant parallélisme avec certaines mosaïques de la cathédrale Sainte-Sophie de Constantinople - restées encore sur place au tournant du XVIIIe siècle – serait motivé par les tensions confessionnelles qui ravageaient à l’époque le monde orthodoxe et qui prêtèrent à l’ensemble valaque le même caractère témoignant sur la foi orthodoxe, que celui manifesté par le célèbre modèle byzantin.

  13. AN ORTHODOX THINKER AND A ROMANIAN HEART: THE SAINT HIERARCH ANTHIM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Henrieta Anişoara ŞERBAN

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available 2016 is an anniversary year, dedicated to the Saint Hierarch Anthim, a multi-faced personality of Georgian origin, but with a Romanian accomplished life. He was a true Orthodox believer, a Hierarch of our Orthodox Church in Wallachia and a deep thinker, who lived through the teachings of the faith. At the same time, he was a good manager and a philanthropist, a scholar, a polyglot, a calligrapher, a typographer, a Church architect, an orator turned writer, a painter and a sculptor. His great homiletic work entitled Didahiile sends to Didache, the oldest post-Bible Christian text, famous at Constantinople, known also as The Teachings of the Twelve Apostles (The Teachings of the Lord to the Gentiles (or Nations by the Twelve Apostles. The study approaches and develops these dimensions of the personality and of the thought of the Saint Hierarch Anthim, in order to emphasize both his life and his work as an esteemed symbol of the Orthodox faith.

  14. The Influence of Bioclimatic Cyclicity on Arboreal Plants in Saint Petersburg

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    Firsov Gennadiy Afanasyevich

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available On the basis of original phenological observations (1955-2009 and meteorological data on Saint Petersburg meteostation the authors study the influence of bioclimatic cyclicity on plants of introduced and native arboreal flora in Saint Petersburg. Time periods are divided into 3 groups: early-warm, normal and late-cold. The bioclimatic data on early-warm and late-cold cycles are calculated. The early-warm and late-cold cycles alternate, with domination of the early-warm cycles under the tendency of climate warming at the beginning of the 21st century. The results of arboriculture should be estimated taking in mind the adaptation of plants in the late-cold cycles, but the seed propagation may give better results in the early-warm cycles. The last ones have been always considered as favourable for plants. But nowadays more and more species produce negative reaction to the earlywarm cycles. In modern conditions the significance of phenological investigations and especially of long uninterrupted observations on arboreal pheno-indicacators becomes more important.

  15. Time and times in the work of Saint Teresa of Avila: a narratological approach

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    Tomaž Šmid

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Time as a narrative category arises from the temporary status of any narrative by which the narrative language is oriented towards processes that are based on temporality. Time thus becomes one of the fundamental aspects of any narrative. Although the style of Teresa’s texts is characterised by the tone of oral conversation, this does not exclude her concern with the form and organisation of her writings. Our main concern is time from two different perspectives; on the one hand, as a component of the story and on the other, as its manifestation on the level of discourse. First, we analyse the relationships and the discrepancies in the works of St. Teresa of Avila between the discourse time and the story time, using three parameters: order, duration and frequency (Genette, 1972. Secondly, we examine different kinds of narration in the works of Saint Teresa to establish whether the majority of them are subsequent (ulterior, prior (anterior, simultaneous or interpolated (intercalated. Contrasting story time and discourse time in the works of Saint Teresa, we note the agility of her literary style and her ability to organize narrative syntax.

  16. The 1802 Saint-Domingue yellow fever epidemic and the Louisiana Purchase.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marr, John S; Cathey, John T

    2013-01-01

    Epidemics have been pivotal in the history of the world as exemplified by a yellow fever epidemic in the Caribbean that clearly altered New World geopolitics. By the end of the 18th century, yellow fever--then an "emerging disease"--was widespread throughout the Caribbean and particularly lethal in Saint-Domingue (present day Haiti). From 1793 to 1798, case fatality rates among British troops in the West Indies (including Saint-Domingue) were as high as 70%. A worse fate befell newly arrived French armed forces in 1802, ostensibly sent by Napoleon to suppress a rebellion and to reestablish slavery. Historians have disagreed on why Napoleon initially dispatched nearly 30,000 soldiers and sailors to the island. Evidence suggests the troops were actually an expeditionary force with intensions to invade North America through New Orleans and to establish a major holding in the Mississippi valley. However, lacking knowledge of basic prevention and control measures, mortality from the disease left only a small and shattered fraction of his troops alive, thwarting his secret ambition to colonize and hold French-held lands, which later became better known as the Louisiana Purchase. If an event of the magnitude of France's experience were to occur in the 21st century, it might also have profound unanticipated consequences.

  17. A Survey of Basic Educational Opportunities Available to Members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cameron, J. Elliot

    To examine the historical background of educational programs of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, the Church population, and educational opportunities available to Church members, a questionnaire was sent to presidents of Church missions outside the United States. It was found that Church membership has increased rapidly and could…

  18. 76 FR 31839 - Safety Zones; Annual Events Requiring Safety Zones in the Captain of the Port Sault Sainte Marie...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-02

    ... water areas within the Sector Sault Sainte Marie Captain of the Port zone. These safety zones are necessary to protect spectators, participants, and vessels from the hazards associated with various maritime... within any particular area are expected to be minimal. Under certain conditions, moreover, vessels may...

  19. 76 FR 38297 - Safety Zone; Marine Events Requiring Safety Zones in the Captain of the Port Sault Sainte Marie Zone

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-30

    ... areas within the Sector Sault Sainte Marie Captain of the Port zone. These safety zones are necessary to protect spectators, participants, and vessels from the hazards associated with various maritime events... would inhibit the Coast Guard's ability to protect the public from the hazards associated with various...

  20. 77 FR 42672 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Alberton, MT; Crystal Falls, MI; Saint Paul, AR; and Waitsburg, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-20

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Alberton, MT; Crystal Falls, MI; Saint Paul, AR; and... Paul, Arkansas a vacant allotment. List of Subjects in 47 CFR Part 73 Radio, Radio broadcasting...: PART 73--RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES 0 1. The authority citation for part 73 continues to read as follows...

  1. Reliability and Validity of the SAINT: A Guided Self-Help Tool for People with Intellectual Disabilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chaplin, Eddie; Chester, Rebecca; Tsakanikos, Elias; McCarthy, Jane; Craig, Tom; Bouras, Nick

    2013-01-01

    This study investigated the main psychometric properties of the Self Assessment and Intervention (SAINT), a unique and recently developed Guided Self-Help tool for people with intellectual disabilities (ID). Fifty-four adults with ID identified with symptoms of anxiety and/or depression completed the study. They were between 18 and 77 years old…

  2. 76 FR 555 - Keystone Holdings, LLC and Compagnie de Saint-Gobain; Analysis of Proposed Agreement Containing...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-05

    ... sensitive personal information, such as ] an individual's Social Security Number; date of birth; driver's... certain other assets owned or controlled by Saint-Gobain relating to the research, development, marketing... to the Commission prior to leasing or selling the Latrobe, Pennsylvania facility or selling...

  3. The miracle of the black leg: E astern neglect of Western addition to the hagiography of Saints Cosmas and Damian.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jović, Nebojša J; Theologou, Marios

    2015-01-01

    The Christian miracle tales strongly support the identification of Sts. Cosmas and Damian as doctors. The most famous of the saints' posthumous miracles, is that of the Black Leg. The main source of this story is the Golden Legend by Jacobus da Varagine, collection of fanciful hagiographies compiled in the 13th century. Saints Cosmas and Damian miraculously transplanted the black leg of the Ethiopian man onto the white body of the verger with "cancerous" leg. Saints appeared to the patient in a dream, amputated his diseased leg and replaced it with the leg of a recently died man. This dramatic cure was attractive for many western artists. The iconography of this miracle was depicted for the first time in a Florentine panel of ca.1370. The color of the leg later attracted special attention. Since the 1990's the Miracle of the Black Leg, presented in a (neo) Byzantine style, appeared in Greece. The miracle of Holy Unmercenaries has no proper historical foundation in the Books of the lives of the Saints in the Orthodox Churches. Action focused on replacement of the affected leg with one from cadaveric donor was unknown to the eastern Christianity. Exploration of available orthodox hagiographical sources related to the healing powers of Sts. Cosmas and Damian showed remarkable neglect of that miracle. Some contemporary Greek authors find appropriate to disregard it.

  4. Scyllarides obtusus spec. nov., the scyllarid lobster of Saint Helena, Central South Atlantic (Crustacea: Decapoda Reptantia: Scyllaridae)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Holthuis, L.B.

    1993-01-01

    A new species of slipper lobster is described from Saint Helena, where the species seems to be endemic. Known under the vernacular name Stump, the species forms the subject of a local fishery, carried out since early times. Previously the species has been identified with various Scyllarides species

  5. Migrations et frontière : le cas de Saint-Martin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marie Redon

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available La petite île antillaise de Saint-Martin (90km² a vu sa population pratiquement tripler ces deux dernières décennies, passant de 25 000 à 70 000 insulaires environ. Les migrations intra-caribéennes sont la cause essentielle du sensible accroissement démographique de cette île mi-française, mi-hollandaise au niveau de vie comparable à celui de l’Europe occidentale mais située dans une aire géographique moins privilégiée. L’article tend à interroger le lien de causalité entre l’afflux massif de populations allochtones et la partition de l’île, ce dernier facteur paraissant déterminant pour la compréhension du phénomène migratoire vers Saint-Martin. L’île serait rendue plus encore attractive par l’existence de cette frontière qui, d’une part, favorise un dynamisme économique particulier et, d’autre part, rend le contrôle des flux migratoires plus difficile en raison du différentiel législatif entre ses deux parties.The small Caribbean island of St. Martin (90km ² saw its population nearly tripled in the last two decades, from 25 000 to about 70 000 islanders. The intra-Caribbean migrations are the main cause of significant population growth of the mid-French, mid-Dutch island where standard of living is comparable to that of Western Europe but located in a geographical area less privileged. The article tends to question the causal link between the massive influx of immigrants populations and the partition of the island, the latter factor appearing crucial for understanding the phenomenon of migration to Saint-Martin. The island would be made more attractive by the existence of this border which, on the one hand, promotes a particular economic dynamism and, on the other hand, gives the control of migration flows more difficult because of the legislative differential between its two parties.

  6. Piloting self-help groups for alcohol use disorders in Saint Vincent/Grenadines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Antonia; Smart, Ynolde; Morris-Patterson, Amrie; Katz, Craig L

    2014-01-01

    Although alcohol consumption is recognized as a global problem, little research to date explores treatment options for alcohol use disorders in developing nations. Given the scarce mental health resources available in Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, community self-help programming for alcohol use disorders could potentially provide an important complement to the existing mental health services. The aim of this study was to gather baseline data on knowledge and attitudes toward alcohol consumption among community members, and subsequently, to pilot self-help rehabilitation programs for alcohol use disorders, while determining factors that affect the feasibility and sustainability of such programs. Focus groups were conducted in 3 communities to discuss community perceptions of alcohol use and the feasibility of self-help programs. Focus group findings guided the development and implementation of the self-help groups. A postintervention focus group was held to determine the effectiveness and community-wide effect of the self-help programs. Focus group participants agreed that alcohol consumption was a problem in Saint Vincent, leading to underage drinking and violence. Suggestions to encourage self-help meeting attendance included organizing group activities and providing visuals to illustrate alcohol's effects on health. Self-help group members were surveyed about their group experience. Of the 35 members surveyed, 77% said the group was very helpful, and 91% indicated that they would attend again. Postintervention focus group participants stated that individuals had reduced alcohol consumption after attending at least 1 self-help meeting. Elements that contributed to the sustainability of self-help groups included strong local leadership from district health nurses as well as willingness of participants to seek support. However, efforts need to be made to increase community awareness of alcohol use disorders and its associated dangers. Our results suggested self

  7. Egg deposition by lithophilic-spawning fishes in the Detroit and Saint Clair Rivers, 2005–14

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prichard, Carson G.; Craig, Jaquelyn M.; Roseman, Edward F.; Fischer, Jason L.; Manny, Bruce A.; Kennedy, Gregory W.

    2017-03-14

    A long-term, multiseason, fish egg sampling program conducted annually on the Detroit (2005–14) and Saint Clair (2010–14) Rivers was summarized to identify where productive fish spawning habitat currently exists. Egg mats were placed on the river bottom during the spring and fall at historic spawning areas and candidate fish spawning habitat restoration sites throughout both rivers. Widespread evidence was found of lithophilic spawning by numerous native fish species, including walleye (Sander vitreus), lake whitefish (Coregonus clupeaformis), lake sturgeon (Acipenser fulvescens), suckers (Catostomidae spp.), and trout-perch (Percopsis omiscomaycus). Walleye, lake whitefish, and suckers spp. spawned in nearly every region of each river in all years on both reef and nonreef substrates. Lake sturgeon eggs were collected almost exclusively over constructed reefs. Catch-per-unit effort of walleye, lake whitefish, and sucker eggs was much greater in the Detroit River than in the Saint Clair River, while Saint Clair River sites supported the greatest collections of lake sturgeon eggs. Collections during this study of lake sturgeon eggs on man-made spawning reefs suggest that artificial reefs may be an effective tool for restoring fish populations in the Detroit and Saint Clair Rivers; however, the quick response of lake sturgeon to spawn on newly constructed reefs and the fact that walleye, lake whitefish, and sucker eggs were often collected over substrate with little interstitial space to protect eggs from siltation and predators suggests that lack of suitable spawning habitat may continue to limit reproduction of lithophilic-spawning fish species in the Saint Clair-Detroit River System.

  8. Tectonic conditions of hydrothermal polymetallic vein-type mineralization, Sainte Marie-aux-Mines, France

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hafeznia, Y.; Bourlange, S.; Ohnenstetter, M.

    2012-04-01

    The Sainte-Marie-aux-Mines (SMM) mines host one of the most famous and oldest silver deposits in Europe. The SMM district is located in the central part of the Vosges mountains, France, within gneiss and granites of the Moldanubian zone. The SMM district includes the Neuenberg E-W vein-type Cu-Ag-As/Pb-Zn deposit and the Altenberg N-S vein-type Pb-Zn-Ag deposit. Deposition of the SMM hydrothermal mineralization occurred under a brittle tectonic regime that might be connected to neo-Variscan and/or post-Variscan tectonics, in a similar way as the polymetallic vein deposits of the Black Forest, Germany. A structural study was done in the Neuenberg area, in the vicinity of the Saint-Jacques vein, and within the Gabe Gottes mine, considering the orientation, extent, chronology and density of faults as well as the nature of the infilling minerals. In the Gabe-Gottes mine, the Saint-Jacques vein comprises multiple successive, sub-parallel subvertical veinlets with gangue minerals, mostly carbonates and quartz, and metal-bearing phases, sulfides and sulfosalts. The veinlets are 2 to 50 cm thick and strike N80° to N110°, the earlier veins slightly dipping towards the north, and the latest one, to the south. Seven systems of faults were identified, which may be classified into three major groups formed respectively before, during and after the main stage of ore deposition: a) Pre-mineralization faults - These consist of sinistral NE-SW strike-slip faults, and NW-SE and NE-SW steeply dipping normal faults. These could be related to Carboniferous events considering their relationships with the granitoid intrusives present in the mine area (Brézouard leucogranite ~329 Ma), and the extensional tectonics developed during exhumation processes. b) Faults associated with the main ore-deposition - These faults could be related to late-Hercynian processes from compressional to extensional tectonic regimes. Mineralization controlling faults consist of dextral and sinistral E

  9. Luxeuil-les-Bains (Haute-Saône, ancienne église Saint-Martin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sébastien Bully

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Une vaste entreprise de restructuration du centre-ville est à l’origine d’une première campagne de diagnostic archéologique en septembre 2005 qui a conduit à la découverte des vestiges de l’ancienne église Saint-Martin sur la place de la République .Les sources anciennesCette place serait au cœur d’un ancien castrum – héritier d’une agglomération secondaire antique qui s’est développée autour d’un sanctuaire thermal du ier siècle ap. J.-C. – cité par Jonas de Bobbio dans sa Vita Colombani abb...

  10. Farewell to Fiestas and Saints? Changing Catholic Practices in Contemporary Rural Oaxaca

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Toomas Gross

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses recent changes in Catholic festivities, especially the system of fiestas in rural Mexico. The ethnographic focus of the discussion is on indigenous Zapotec communities of the State of Oaxaca. Collective religious practices in Mexican villages contribute to social cohesion. Fiestas commemorating patron saints of the villages play a particularly important role in (reconstructing communal identity and the feeling of collective belongingness. Various global processes like secularisation, integration of local economies into the capitalist market system, increasing out-migration from villages, and the rise of Protestantism have undermined the position of the Catholic Church in the region. The article scrutinises the changing organisation and role of fiestas in the communities, concluding that the impact of secularisation, migration and Protestantism in particular is not simple and always negative – these changes can actually invigorate certain dimensions of the fiestas.

  11. Modified Saint-Venant equations for flow simulation in tidal rivers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiao-qin Zhang

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Flow in tidal rivers periodically propagates upstream or downstream under tidal influence. Hydrodynamic models based on the Saint-Venant equations (the SVN model are extensively used to model tidal rivers. A force-corrected term expressed as the combination of flow velocity and the change rate of the tidal level was developed to represent tidal effects in the SVN model. A momentum equation incorporating with the corrected term was derived based on Newton's second law. By combing the modified momentum equation with the continuity equation, an improved SVN model for tidal rivers (the ISVN model was constructed. The simulation of a tidal reach of the Qiantang River shows that the ISVN model performs better than the SVN model. It indicates that the corrected force derived for tidal effects is reasonable; the ISVN model provides an appropriate enhancement of the SVN model for flow simulation of tidal rivers.

  12. Chapel of cemetery church of all saints in Sedlec - Long-term analysis of hygrothermal conditions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pavlík, Zbyšek; Balík, Lukáš; Kudrnáčová, Lucie; Maděra, Jiří; Černý, Robert

    2017-07-01

    In this paper, long-term monitoring of hygrothermal conditions of the chapel of the cemetery church of All Saints in Sedlec, Czech Republic is presented as a practical tool for evaluation of functional problems of the researched structure. Within the performed experimental tests, interior and exterior climatic conditions were monitored over one year period. Herewith, surface temperature of the chapel wall was measured. Exterior climatic data were collected using weather station Vantage Pro2 placed in church tower. In interior, precise combined relative humidity/temperature sensors were installed. Based on the accessed hygrothermal state of the inspected chapel and identified periods of possible surface condensation, service conditions of the chapel will be optimized in order to prevent extensive damage of historically valuable finishing and furnishing materials, paintings, plasters, and architectural ornaments.

  13. La collégiale de Saint-Bonnet-le-Château (Loire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bernard Ducouret

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available La collégiale de Saint-Bonnet-le-Château est principalement connue pour les peintures murales du XVe siècle qui décorent sa chapelle basse, dont une partie est reproduite au musée des Monuments français, et, à un moindre degré, pour sa bibliothèque qui conserve de nombreux incunables. Son architecture, plus ignorée, n'en est pas moins digne d'intérêt. Nous ne présenterons pas ici l'ensemble de l'édifice, négligeant des éléments remarquables comme le porche sud (cf. plan, au-dessous de la sacr...

  14. Modified Saint-Venant Equations for Flow Simulation in Tidal Rivers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiao-qin ZHANG

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Flow in tidal rivers periodically propagates upstream or downstream under tidal influence. Hydrodynamic models based on the Saint-Venant equations (the SVN model are extensively used to model tidal rivers. A force-corrected term expressed as the combination of flow velocity and the change rate of the tidal level was developed to represent tidal effects in the SVN model. A momentum equation incorporating with the corrected term was derived based on Newton’s second law. By combing the modified momentum equation with the continuity equation, an improved SVN model for tidal rivers (the ISVN model was constructed. The simulation of a tidal reach of the Qiantang River shows that the ISVN model performs better than the SVN model. It indicates that the corrected force derived for tidal effects is reasonable; the ISVN model provides an appropriate enhancement of the SVN model for flow simulation of tidal rivers.

  15. Ecole d'été de probabilités de Saint-Flour XXXVI

    CERN Document Server

    Bramson, Maury

    2008-01-01

    Queueing networks constitute a large family of stochastic models, involving jobs that enter a network, compete for service, and eventually leave the network upon completion of service. Since the early 1990s, substantial attention has been devoted to the question of when such networks are stable. This volume presents a summary of such work. Emphasis is placed on the use of fluid models in showing stability, and on examples of queueing networks that are unstable even when the arrival rate is less than the service rate. The material of this volume is based on a series of nine lectures given at the Saint-Flour Probability Summer School 2006. Lectures were also given by Alice Guionnet and Steffen Lauritzen.

  16. Cape Saint Paul Wilt Disease of coconut in Ghana: surveillance and management of disease spread

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    Nkansah-Poku Joe

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available The Cape Saint Paul Wilt Disease (CSPWD, a lethal-yellowing type disease of coconut has been in Ghana since 1932. Aerial and/or ground surveys were undertaken to assess the current status of the disease spread. The survey showed that the spread of the disease for the past 5 years has mainly been the expansion of existing foci. However, new outbreaks were identified at Glidzi in the Volta, Bawjiase and Efutu Breman in Central regions. After the resurgence in the Volta region in 1995, the Woe-Tegbi-Dzelukope corridor has remained endemic, but less aggressive. Pockets of healthy groves remain along all the coastline and inland of known disease zones. Eradication of diseased palms at Ampain focus lying just about 60 km to the Ivorian border, and disease situations on new replanting with MYD × VTT hybrid are discussed.

  17. Marie Uguay et Saint-Denys Garneau, au bord du vide

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    Mylène Durand

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available « Marie Uguay et Saint-Denys Garneau : au bord du vide » est un texte qui rapproche les oeuvres de ces deux poètes, qui ont plusieurs points en commun. Toutes les deux dénotent une conscience de la mort, une vision lucide de celle-ci. Leurs oeuvres poétiques montrent que leurs sujets lyriques se situent dans une espèce d’entre-deux, d’excroissance du temps, un seuil qu’ils cherchent à nommer. Est-ce « l’Outre-vie » d’Uguay ? « La faction » de Saint-Denys Garneau ? Les sujets explorent un espace-temps particulier, un lieu qui rappelle les limbes, la mort et la vie tout à la fois. Un monde onirique, de rêves ou de cauchemars. Les sujets se situent au bord de limites apparemment infranchissables, mais au-delà desquelles semble se trouver la vie. Prisonniers de ces espaces intérimaires, ils sont seuls, blessés, comme d’un côté d’une fenêtre fermée, donnant à voir sur un monde inaccessible. Pourtant, ils désirent traverser tous ces seuils, physiques et métaphoriques, pour aller vers la vie. Traverser ces «limites sanglantes», comme l’écrit Marie Uguay. En effet, les sujets sont blessés, fragmentés, et malgré tout ils cherchent leurs chemins, avancent pour combattre l’enfermement, l’immobilité. L’espoir advient par l’écriture, la poésie plus particulièrement, qui permet tout, qui trace un chemin, des ponts; ouvre des voies vers la lumière, la vie.This is a comparative analysis of the works of two Quebecois poets, Saint-Denys Garneau and Marie Uguay who have many common points.  Both express a conscience and a lucid vision of death. Their poetic works show that their lyric subjects are situated in a sort of “in-between”, an excrescence of time, a threshold they are trying to name. Is it what Marie Uguay calls “Outre-vie” or the “faction” of Saint-Denys? The subjects explore a particular space-time, a place that is reminiscent of limbo, life and death at the same time. The

  18. Models of Holiness: Devotionals and Hagiographies to Saint Benedict of Palermo in New Spain

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    Rafael CASTAÑEDA GARCÍA

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The focus of this article is the hagiographies and novenas to San Benito de Palermo that circulated in the territories of New Spain, most of which were produced locally in the 18th and 19th centuries. While these devotional books can be used as a means of taking the measure of official holiness during the years of their publication, upon closer analysis this body of religious literature reveals the virtues and attributes of this Sicilian Saint that descended upon, among others, people of African descent. For this reason, the discussion surrounding his «skin color» constituted the principal obstacle against which this Negro Franciscan found himself struggling constantly. In the final section, the paper highlights the role of the Franciscans in New Spain during the colonial period in America as the community that, through the medium of the printing press, most strongly promoted the cult of this illustrious figure. 

  19. Le baptistère Saint-Jean du Puy-en-Velay (Haute-Loire

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    Anne-Bénédicte Mérel-Brandenburg

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Le projet collectif de recherche sur le baptistère Saint-Jean, groupe cathédral du Puy-en-Velay, initié en 2004 à l’instar du service régional de l’Archéologie (PCR DRAC Auvergne s’achève et la publication est en cours de préparation. Il a eu pour problématique générale de déterminer la datation des différentes phases de construction, la fonction initiale et la place du monument au sein du groupe cathédral. II a été réalisé par une équipe d’une vingtaine de spécialistes, en collaboration étr...

  20. Nutrient status of the lowbush blueberry, Lac-Saint-Jean area, Quebec, Canada. [Vaccinium angustifolium

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bouchard, A.R.; Gagnon, M.J.

    1987-01-01

    The lowbush blueberry (Vaccinium angustifolium Ait.) is an important commercial crop of the Lac-Saint-Jean area (Quebec, Canada). The major blueberry fields are located on sandy soils relatively poor in available mineral nutrients. The nutrients originate from a thin organic layer found on the top of these sandy soils. The leaf mineral contents (N, P, K, Mg, Ca, Mn, Fe, Cu, Zn and B) were measured in five blueberry fields during 1984 and 1985. Soil pH and soil available P, K, and Mg were also assessed. The results show that the leaf mineral contents are generally adequate. However, K and Zn might be occasionally deficient when compared to the actual established standards. The available Mg in soil was significantly correlated with the leaf Mg concentration. The data also suggest that the influence of the pH following the burn pruning seems to influence the nutrition of this species.

  1. Saint-Pantaléon-de-Lapleau – La Vielle Église

    OpenAIRE

    Bouvart, Patrick

    2013-01-01

    Identifiant de l'opération archéologique : 2667 Date de l'opération : 2006 (SD) Le site de le « Vieille église » où est implanté le prieuré casadéen de Saint-Pantaléon-de-Lapleau est un petit éperon rocheux aux versants très abrupts dominant à l'ouest le cours de la Luzège et, à l'est, un petit ruisseau ou torrent appelé des Berles. L'accès est seulement possible par l'amont de l'éperon, au nord. Celui-ci était autrefois barré par un fossé, lequel est aujourd'hui en partie comblé. Dans ce sec...

  2. De Manet a Yves Saint-Laurent: uma análise semiótica

    OpenAIRE

    Santarelli, Christiane Paula Godinho; USP

    2008-01-01

    A proposta deste artigo é fazer uma análise semiótica, com base na teoria greimasiana, da pintura original de Manet Le déjeuner sur l’herbe e de sua recriação para o anúncio da marca Yves Saint-Laurent. Os aspectos analisados nos dois “textos” são: os sistemas de valores, a estrutura narrativa, a estrutura de poder, os objetos de valor e a semântica profunda. A comparação dos dois discursos tem como objetivo atentar para as contradições no suposto discurso libertador da publicidade de Yves...

  3. Cultural development of the underground urban spaces on the experience of Saint-Petersburg and Harbin

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    Kirichkov Igor

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available This article is focused on underground architecture design analysis, considering energy efficiency, green technologies, building structure optimization and other questions in Russia (Saint-Petersburg and China (Harbin. Today, when our society advocatesfor the sustainable development and ecological architecture, the ecotypic underground architecture is an unavoidable theme. There were called some advantages and disadvantages of ecological design implementation methods – influence on environment and human behavior. Conclusion based on underground architectural design technologies comparison between contemporary public building construction experience in Russia and China. General plan of the using of underground urban spaces is not existat all, despite the fact that excluding of the same plan forbids any ground construction.There was given a long-time prognosis about underground architecture development - some perspectives and possible results in future.

  4. Ecole d'été de probabilités de Saint-Flour XXXI

    CERN Document Server

    2004-01-01

    This volume contains lectures given at the 31st Probability Summer School in Saint-Flour (July 8-25, 2001). Simon Tavaré’s lectures serve as an introduction to the coalescent, and to inference for ancestral processes in population genetics. The stochastic computation methods described include rejection methods, importance sampling, Markov chain Monte Carlo, and approximate Bayesian methods. Ofer Zeitouni’s course on "Random Walks in Random Environment" presents systematically the tools that have been introduced to study the model. A fairly complete description of available results in dimension 1 is given. For higher dimension, the basic techniques and a discussion of some of the available results are provided. The contribution also includes an updated annotated bibliography and suggestions for further reading. Olivier Catoni's course appears separately.

  5. Corpus Areopagiticum dans l’interprétation de saint Thomas d’Aquin

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    Florin Crîşmăreanu

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available In this article I intend to highlight a fundamental difference that I have seized between Dionysius interpreted by Thomas of Aquinas and the author of Corpus Areopagiticum. In the first stage, I will present the way in which Thomas understands Dionysius as a simple Aristotelian, then the confession of faith of saint Thomas regarding that particular Dionysius from The Acts of Apostles 17, 34, without, however, noticing the fact that Dionysius invokes the Holy Trinity in his texts, a dogma established only in the first Ecumenical Council of Nicaea (325. However, the most obvious issue that radically separates the two thinkers (Dionysius and Thomas is their way of understanding theology (θεολογία.

  6. Cost analysis of three low-temperature sterilization systems at Saint Barnabas Medical Center.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chobin, N G

    1994-08-01

    To avoid the heavily increasing costs of ethylene oxide, and with the imminent demise of 88/12 EtO at the same time that heat-sensitive endoscope use was on the rise, Saint Barnabas Medical Center in Livingston, NJ was urgently interested in choosing among low-temperature sterilization alternatives currently available. They decided to compare the costs of 100% EtO with the 88/12 system and a new, low-temperature hydrogen peroxide gas plasma system (HPGP) called STERRAD. The HPGP system proved to be less expensive overall than either EtO system due to quicker total cycle times, lower utility use and virtually no regulatory compliance issues. The hospital was also satisfied that the system effectively sterilized the items on which it was used.

  7. From Hillforts to Saints: Sun Tropoi and Patterns of Christianization in NW Spain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quintela, Marco V. García; García, A. César González; Veiga, Yolanda Seoane

    2015-05-01

    We present three Iron Age landscapes in the province of Ourense (northwest Spain), consisting of a hill fort with an acropolis used for religious purposes, and an "extra-urban" location used for ritual functions. Both locations are associated with the solstices, corroborating the validity of considering them jointly in each case, and the three cases jointly as a model. In the three locations, the oldest Christian saints and festivals we are able to identify re-use the dates of the solstices, and others, marked by Iron Age monuments. These observations open the way for research in several directions: the definition of religious landscapes from the Iron Age; the reason why there is not a 'Roman landscape'; the relationship between the Indo-European legacy and the introduction of Christianity; and the relationship between local calendars and the Celtic, Julian and Gregorian 'cultural' calendars.

  8. Ecole d'été de probabilités de Saint-Flour XXXIV

    CERN Document Server

    Lyons, Terry J; Lévy, Thierry

    2007-01-01

    Each year young mathematicians congregate in Saint Flour, France, and listen to extended lecture courses on new topics in Probability Theory. The goal of these notes, representing a course given by Terry Lyons in 2004, is to provide a straightforward and self supporting but minimalist account of the key results forming the foundation of the theory of rough paths. The proofs are similar to those in the existing literature, but have been refined with the benefit of hindsight. The theory of rough paths aims to create the appropriate mathematical framework for expressing the relationships between evolving systems, by extending classical calculus to the natural models for noisy evolving systems, which are often far from differentiable.

  9. Palaeontology of the upper Turonian paralic deposits of the Sainte-Mondane Formation, Aquitaine Basin, France

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Neraudenau, D.; Saint Martin, S.; Battern, D.J.; Colin, J.P.; Daviero-Gomez, V.; Girard, V.; Gomez, B.; Nohra, Y.A.; Polette, F.; Platel, J.P.; Saint Martin, J.P.; Vullo, R.

    2016-07-01

    The upper Turonian lignite deposits of Sainte-Mondane, Dordogne (Aquitaine Basin, SW France), consist of clays bearing translucent, orange to red, amber micrograins. The amber exhibits different types of microbial inclusions. The clays contain several conifers including the genera Brachyphyllum, Frenelopsis and Glenrosa, and a few leaf fragments of eudicot angiosperms. Among the plant meso-fossils the occurrence of Costatheca, Spermatites and abundant, diverse, megaspores, including species of Ariadnaesporites, Bacutriletes, Echitriletes, Erlansonisporites, Maexisporites, Minerisporites and Verrutriletes, is noteworthy. Pollen grains of the Normapolles group are important components of the palynomorph assemblage. The clays were deposited in a calm, estuarine or lagoonal, muddy environment. The overlying lignitic sands contain large fossil wood pieces of the conifer Agathoxylon, small solitary corals, fragmentary oysters and pectinids, echinoid spines, a few teeth of marine selachians and bony fishes, but no amber is present. These sands were deposited in a high-energy coastal marine environment. (Author)

  10. Saint Petersburg as a Global Coastal City: Positioning in the Baltic Region

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    Lachininskii Stanislav

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The Baltic region consists of coastal areas of nine countries — Russia, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Germany, Denmark, Sweden, and Finland. The region’s hubs are the port cities located along the Baltic Sea coast. However, Peter Taylor and Saskia Sassen’s classification identifies higher status cities and ‘global cities’, which are to be considered in the global context. Seven coastal regions are distinguished within this region, whose organising centers are the global coastal cities of Stockholm, Copenhagen, Helsinki, Riga, Tallinn, St. Petersburg, and Malmö. The concept of a “global city-region” (Sassen can be used as a methodological framework for analyzing this connection. Within this hierarchy, the dominant alpha group global city is Stockholm. The authors argue that, as a global coastal city, St. Petersburg forms the St. Petersburg coastal region, which can be defined as a typical "global city region". The index method shows that the position of St. Petersburg in the system of global coastal cities of the Baltic region is relatively favorable in view of its transport, logistics, and demographic potential and the advantageous geo-economic situation. St. Petersburg has certain competitive advantages in the region brought about by its demographic potential, port freight capacity, and the favorable geo-economic position of the "sea gate" of Russia. However, the level of high-tech services and ‘new economy’ development is not sufficient for the port to become a match for the top three cities (Stockholm, Helsinki, and Copenhagen. This is increasingly important because transboundary global city networks demonstrate that global cities are functions of global networks. Saint Petersburg is just starting to integrate into these networks through the Pulkovo airline hub and seaports of Ust-Luga, Primorsk, and Saint Petersburg.

  11. Saint Petersburg as a Global Coastal City: Positioning in the Baltic Region

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lachninsky S.

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The Baltic region consists of coastal areas of nine countries — Russia, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Germany, Denmark, Sweden, and Finland. The region’s hubs are the port cities located along the Baltic Sea coast. However, Peter Taylor and Saskia Sassen’s classification identifies higher status cities and ‘global cities’, which are to be considered in the global context. Seven coastal regions are distinguished within this region, whose organising centers are the global coastal cities of Stockholm, Copenhagen, Helsinki, Riga, Tallinn, St. Petersburg, and Malmö. The concept of a “global city-region” (Sassen can be used as a methodological framework for analyzing this connection. Within this hierarchy, the dominant alpha group global city is Stockholm. The authors argue that, as a global coastal city, St. Petersburg forms the St. Petersburg coastal region, which can be defined as a typical "global city region". The index method shows that the position of St. Petersburg in the system of global coastal cities of the Baltic region is relatively favorable in view of its transport, logistics, and demographic potential and the advantageous geo-economic situation. St. Petersburg has certain competitive advantages in the region brought about by its demographic potential, port freight capacity, and the favorable geo-economic position of the "sea gate" of Russia. However, the level of high-tech services and ‘new economy’ development is not sufficient for the port to become a match for the top three cities (Stockholm, Helsinki, and Copenhagen. This is increasingly important because transboundary global city networks demonstrate that global cities are functions of global networks. Saint Petersburg is just starting to integrate into these networks through the Pulkovo airline hub and seaports of Ust-Luga, Primorsk, and Saint Petersburg.

  12. Translation to Spanish and Validation of the Specific Saint George's Questionnaire for Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Capparelli, Ignacio; Fernandez, Martín; Saadia Otero, Marcela; Steimberg, Jimena; Brassesco, María; Campobasso, Ana; Palacios, Sandra; Caro, Fabian; Alberti, María Laura; Rabinovich, Roberto A; Paulin, Francisco

    2017-11-01

    Interstitial lung disease (ILD) is associated with low exercise tolerance, dyspnea, and decreased health-related quality of life (HRQL). Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is one of the most prevalent in the group. A specific version of the Saint George's questionnaire (SGRQ-I) has been developed to quantify the HRQL of IPF patients. However, this tool is not currently validated in the Spanish language. The objective was to translate into Spanish and validate the specific Saint George's Respiratory Questionnaire for idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (SGRQ-I). The repeatability, internal consistency and construct validity of the SGRQ-I in Spanish were analyzed after a backtranslation process. In total, 23 outpatients with IPF completed the translated SGRQ-I twice, 7 days apart. Repeatability was studied, revealing good concordance in test-retest with an ICC (interclass correlation coefficient) of 0.96 (Ptotal value) (Ptotal score of the questionnaire showed good correlation with forced vital capacity FVC% (r=-0.44; P=.033), diffusing capacity of the lungs for carbon monoxide (DLCO%) (r=-0.55; P=.011), partial pressure of oxygen in arterial blood PaO2 (r=-0.44; P=.036), Medical Research Council Dyspnea scale (r=-0.65; P<.001), and number of steps taken in 24hours (r=-0.47; P=.024). The Spanish version of SGRQ-Ideveloped by our group shows good internal consistency, reproducibility and validity, so it can be used for the evaluation of quality of life (QOL) in IPF patients. Copyright © 2017 SEPAR. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  13. Effect of enterocin CCM 4231 on Listeria monocytogenes in Saint-Paulin cheese.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lauková, A; Vlaemynck, G; Czikková, S

    2001-01-01

    The bacteriocin production by Enterococcus faecium strain in cheese milk and cheese was demonstrated. Purified enterocin CCM 4231 exhibited an anti-listerial effect during Saint-Paulin cheese manufacture. During cheese production the strain grew to a final concentration of 10.1 +/- 0.01 log CFU per mL per g in cheese. Then only a slight decrease of the cell concentration was noticed during ripening and was almost stable for 8 weeks. No significant differences in pH were observed between the experimental and reference cheeses. Bacteriocin production during cheese manufacture was detected only in milk samples and curd, reaching a level of 100 AU/mL. After addition of purified enterocin CCM 4231 (concentration 3200 AU/mL) into the experimental cheese, the initial concentration of 6.7 +/- 0.06 log CFU per mL of Listeria monocytogenes Ohio was reduced up to 1.9 +/- 0.01 log CFU per mL per g. After 6 weeks and at the end of the experiment the difference of surviving cells of L. monocytogenes Ohio in ECH was only one or 0.7 log cycle compared to the control cheese. Although enterocin CCM 4231 partially inhibited L. monocytogenes in Saint-Paulin cheese manufacture, an inhibitory effect of enterocin added was shown in 1-week cheese; however, it was not possible to detect bacteriocin activity by the agar spot test. The traditional fermentation and ripening process was not disturbed, resulting in acceptable end-products, including sensory aspects.

  14. Santa Praxede e a Igreja que se reunia em sua casa em Roma/ Saint Praxedes and the Church which met in her house in Rome

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Ivoni Richter Reimer

    2015-01-01

      The article presents and analyzes fragments of the story of Saint Praxedes, leader of a domestic church in 1st century in Rome, and their resignification over the centuries, mainly under Pope Paschal I (9th century...

  15. Sulla sesta distorsione elementare di Volterra per un cilindro cavo omogeneo e isotropo di altezza finita con carico alla Saint Venant

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pecoraio, Massimo

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available In this work we consider the sixth elementary Volterra's distortion for a circular hollow, homogeneous, elastic, isotropic cylinder, to analyze the load acting on the bases as a Saint Venant characteristic external stress. In this way we are able to prove that the specific load connected to the sixth distortion and examined as external stress, is equivalent (in Saint Venant's theory to a right combined compressive and bending stress (or to a right combined tensile and bending stress.

  16. Geologic Map of the Saint Helens Quadrangle, Columbia County, Oregon, and Clark and Cowlitz Counties, Washington

    Science.gov (United States)

    Evarts, Russell C.

    2004-01-01

    The Saint Helens 7.5' quadrangle is situated in the Puget-Willamette Lowland approximately 35 km north Portland, Oregon. The lowland, which extends from Puget Sound into west-central Oregon, is a complex structural and topographic trough that lies between the Coast Range and the Cascade Range. Since late Eocene time, Cascade Range has been the locus of a discontinuously active volcanic arc associated with underthrusting of oceanic lithosphere beneath the North American continent along the Cascadia Subduction Zone. The Coast Range occupies the forearc position within the Cascadia arc-trench system and consists of a complex assemblage of Eocene to Miocene volcanic and marine sedimentary rocks. The Saint Helens quadrangle lies in the northern part of the Portland Basin, a roughly 2000-km2 topographic and structural depression. It is the northernmost of several sediment-filled structural basins that collectively constitute the Willamette Valley segment of the Puget-Willamette Lowland (Beeson and others, 1989; Swanson and others, 1993; Yeats and others, 1996). The rhomboidal basin is approximately 70 km long and 30 km wide, with its long dimension oriented northwest. The Columbia River flows west and north through the Portland Basin at an elevation near sea level and exits through a confined bedrock valley less than 2.5 km wide about 16 km north of Saint Helens. The flanks of the basin consist of Eocene through Miocene volcanic and sedimentary rocks that rise to elevations exceeding 2000 ft (610 m). Seismic-reflection profiles (L.M. Liberty, written commun., 2003) and lithologic logs of water wells (Swanson and others, 1993; Mabey and Madin, 1995) indicate that as much as 550 m of late Miocene and younger sediments have accumulated in the deepest part of the basin near Vancouver. Most of this basin-fill material was carried in from the east by the Columbia River but contributions from streams draining the adjacent highlands are locally important. The Portland Basin has

  17. Convenio de contratación para el proyecto de la iglesia Saint-Pierre de Firminy-Vert

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    Merwan Chaverra Suárez

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Los pormenores del proceso de contratación para el encargo de la iglesia Saint-Pierre de Firminy-Vert, entre 1960 y 1963, corresponde al desglose de las conversaciones e intercambios de correspondencia entre el arquitecto y sus clientes, que dieron lugar a un número de versiones y variantes del proyecto, así como a dificultades administrativas y económicas, que se prolongaron en el tiempo, hasta la firma del contrato. El proyecto de la iglesia Saint-Pierre de Firminy-Vert cuenta con un dossier completo, guardado y archivado en la Fundación Le Corbusier, que garantiza poder efectuar un análisis total del proyecto, enfocándolo en una metodología que posibilite el entendimiento y la reconstrucción de los hechos a partir de las fuentes primarias.

  18. Prevalence of iodine deficiency disorders and effectiveness of iodine prophylaxis among the population of reproductive age living in Saint Petersburg

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. E. Soboleva

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the study is the assessment of iodine status and effectiveness of iodine prophylaxis among the population of reproductive age. In this regard, we examined 200 individuals from 18 up to 44 years old living in Saint Petersburg for more than 3 years permanently. Most of the examined individuals had mild iodine deficiency, less than half of people of reproductive age (46 % used iodized salt at home. Goiter was found by palpation in 8 % of participants. More than half of the surveyed individuals are women of reproductive age who are at risk for the development of iodine deficiency disorders. Our data reflect an unfavorable situation in fight against iodine deficiency disorders in Saint Petersburg. Probably, the voluntary model of using iodized salt as the prevention of iodine deficiency in the Russian Federation is not effective enough.

  19. The Rocky Road to Sainthood: Saint Teresa of Avila (1515-1582 in the Collective Imagination of her Times

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robin Ann Rice

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Saint Teresa of Jesus is the most important modern model for feminine religiosity. Nevertheless, in her times, her actions and her persona were under the ecclesiastical hierarchy’s skeptical scrutiny. By means of an analysis of La vida de Santa Teresa de Jesus (1590 by Francisco de Ribera and of one of the many comedies composed for her beatification in 1614, La bienaventurada madre Santa Teresa de Jesús, an apocryphal work by Luis Velez de Guevara, I propose to confi­gure a portrait of the Saint from the point of view of the epoch’s collective imagination. Her configuration in the collective imagination was not always positive.

  20. A Study Of Environmental Impacts On The Coral Resources In The Vicinity Of The Saint Martin Island Bangladesh

    OpenAIRE

    Shaikh Sayed Ahammed; M. Ali Hossain; Md. Zainal Abedin; Md Abdul Khaleque

    2015-01-01

    A study of the environmental impacts on the coral resources in the vicinity of the Saint Martin Island Bangladesh was conducted with a view to making an assessment of the current status of coral resources in the island and identifying major natural and anthropogenic environmental threats to the future sustainability of these resources. It is evident that the coral resources have been reduced significantly and currently only 41 coral species are available. The existing environmental condition...

  1. Luxurious Merovingian Textiles Excavated from Burials in the Saint Denis Basilica, France, 6th-7th century

    OpenAIRE

    Desrosiers, Sophie; Rast-Eicher, Antoinette

    2013-01-01

    A new examination of the textile fragments found in the Merovingian burials in the basilica of Saint Denis, near Paris, has recently underscored the diversity of fabrics used to make garments in which members of the royal court were buried. Among them, some woolens of fine quality had been dyed with indigotin. The most astonishing fibre found belongs to a mixed textile (not skin) with beaver fibers and wool. Silks contained shellfish purple and in one case kermes? Two dyestuffs associated wit...

  2. Useful Brazilian plants listed in the field books of the French naturalist Auguste de Saint-Hilaire (1779-1853).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brandão, Maria G L; Pignal, Marc; Romaniuc, Sergio; Grael, Cristiane F F; Fagg, Christopher W

    2012-09-28

    Information regarding the use of beneficial, native Brazilian plants was compiled by European naturalists in the 19th century. The French botanist Auguste de Saint-Hilaire (1779-1853) was one of the most important such naturalists; however, his manuscripts (field books) have not yet been studied, especially in the context of useful plants. To present data documented by Saint-Hilaire in his field book regarding the use of native plants by the Brazilians. Data on useful plants were obtained from field books (six volumes) deposited in the Muséum national d' Histoire naturelle in Paris, France. The vernacular names of the plants, registered as "N.V." or "Nom Vulg." in the field book, were carefully searched. Traditional information about these plants was translated and organised using a computer. The botanical identification of each plant was determined and updated from the original descriptions and names cited in the field books by A. de Saint-Hilaire. Correlated pharmacological studies were obtained from PubMed. A total of 283 useful plants were recorded from the field books and 165 (58.3%) could be identified to genus or species. Fifty-eight different traditional uses were registered for the identified plants; the most common were as purgatives and febrifuges. Other data recovered were related to edible fruits and plants with interesting sensorial characteristics. For the few species that have been subjected to laboratory studies, the efficacy of the recorded traditional uses was confirmed. The data recorded by the French naturalist A. de Saint-Hilaire represent a rich, unexplored source of information regarding the traditional uses of Brazilian plants. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  3. THE APOSTLE PAUL: THEOLOGIAN-MISSIONARY AND PASTOR-THEOLOGIAN. TOWARDS A DEEPER UNDERSTANDING OF SAINT PAUL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eckhart Schnabel

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available This Article is an attempt to shed light on a few texts of the acts of the Apostles and of the epistles which are viewed as sources documenting the life and activity of Saint Paul. The author attempts to settle a number of questions regarding the authenticity of sources illustrating the life of Saint Paul. Similar questions are often raised by those who write and publish guides and textbooks for the teaching of the Pauline corpus. The author agrees with the overwhelming positive judgment of the academic world regarding the authenticity of the pastoral epistles, but at the same time he notes a number of objections to their authenticity proposed by the same forum: inconsistencies within the vocabulary of the texts themselves, their linguistic style, and their theological argumentation. The author concludes that these objections are inconclusive and the features enumerated by those who object constitute in reality only minor exceptions, inconsequential when taking into account the entire Pauline corpus. The author also examines the authenticity and historical accuracy of the account of the life of Saint Paul as given in the Acts of the Apostles. A few Biblicists claim that the account in Acts is merely legendary and is to be regarded as a type of early Christian folklore. The author disagrees with this opinion, backing up his position with the evidence that both the Acts of the Apostles and the Pastoral Epistles agree in historical detail and background. The author concludes with a further consideration regarding the correct method guiding biblical research on Saint Paul. He opines that such research must view the biblical texts in a correct historical perspective

  4. Saint Louis Center for Sustainment of Trauma and Readiness Skills: A Collaborative Air Force-Civilian Trauma Skills Training Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-05-19

    Journal Article 3. DATES COVERED (From – To) June 2014 – December 2014 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Saint Louis Center for Sustainment of Trauma and...Readiness Skills: A Collaborative Air Force-Civilian Trauma Skills Training Program 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT...in support of these campaigns have had to maintain a high degree of clinical skill to effectively render care to wounded combatants, a necessity

  5. The Use of Dual Forms in the “Collection of Lives of Greek Saints” by Saint Nilus of Sora

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Polina Yuryevna Karavaeva

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available In this article we reveal the key principles of dual contexts in Hagiography 'Life of Saint Simeon Stylites of the Admirable Mountain' and 'Life of Saint Onoufrios of the Desert', which are included into the "Collection of Lives of Greek Saints". We proceed from the discrepancy between the history of dual number in colloquial language and book-Slavic language. And we consider the form of dual number as a sign of book-Slavic grammatical norm in the period of the end of 15th - beginning of the 16th centuries. St. Nilus of Sora uses dual number not only with certain stylistic purposes, but also as a clear indication that a text is a monument, that implements strict grammatical norms of Church Slavonic Russian. We provide the most detailed description of the features of the use of free dual forms and also the description of the features of the use of associated dual number. According to the classification, which was proposed by A. Belich, free dual number refers to symmetrical objects, usually of the free dual number are the most stable and consistent in its use. So, one of the features of the representations of St. Nilus of Sora and his disciples about the grammatical norm of using dual number forms is used as a grammatical synonymic forms of the plural and dual number of verb forms in the combination of a noun with a numeral "two".

  6. City’s lost jewel. History of Cracow’a All Saints church till the end of XVI century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katarzyna Walczak

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available One of the oldest churches in Krakow, dedicated to All Saints, was situated between Grodzka and Franciszkańska Street. It was build in the XIII century, could had been replacement church for first Cracow’s parish, which was transferred from Saint Trinity church. The name of All Saints church was mentioned for the first time in Vita S. Stanislai. The second time in 1278 his rector Arnold was noted. Most interesting fact is that in the Tables of Pence from 1325–1327 you can find two rectors, who had separate salary and were called rectors of wooden and brick churches. In 1490 church got a collegiate title. Than double rectory was liquidated and positions of provost and dean were established. Church was a place where Brotherhood of the Poor created by Bishop Zbigniew Oleśnicki used to work. Our knowledge of churches looks comes from iconography which was made when the building was already a ruin. According to those sources church had two naves, was oriented and had simply completed presbytery. The building had adhered tower, sacristy, treasure and chapel, called capella antiqua. Description of the interior of the church comes from 1599, when Jerzy Radziwiłł, Bishop of Cracow had visited it. According to the decision of the City Beautification Committee, the church was demolished in 1835, and church’s equipment was sold on auction. The tower survived till 1840, when it shared the fate of the rest of the building.

  7. A Comparison of Secondary Chemistry Courses and Chemistry Teacher Preparation Programs in Iowa and Saint Petersburg, Russia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanger, Michael J.; Brincks, Erik L.; Phelps, Amy J.; Pak, Maria S.; Lyovkin, Antony N.

    2001-09-01

    This paper, which is a result of the collaboration between the University of Northern Iowa (UNI) in Cedar Falls, Iowa, and Herzen State Pedagogical University of Russia in Saint Petersburg, compares the 7-12 chemistry courses in Iowa and Saint Petersburg and the chemistry teacher preparation programs at UNI and Herzen. Differences in the 7-12 chemistry courses include curriculum design (spiral versus layer cake), students' extracurricular activities, and access to technology in the classroom. Differences in the chemistry teacher preparation programs include the number of methods and chemistry content courses required, the number of chemistry teaching majors, the proportion of teaching majors enrolled in the different natural science programs, and the typical minors and endorsements received by these majors. Although we noted many differences in chemistry instruction between Iowa and Saint Petersburg, the secondary and college instructors still face many similar issues, which include overcoming student chemophobia, improving students' algorithmic and problem-solving skills, improving students' conceptual understanding at the particulate level, and dealing with shortages in qualified secondary science teachers.

  8. The pastoral care and the priest profile in the study “On the Priesthood” of Saint John Chrysostom

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isbasoiu Iulian

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Saint John Chrysostom is one of the most remarkable personalities of the forth century of Christianity, also known as “the golden century”. His missionary and writing activity left a peerless treasure to the Church. His theological compositions enriched the cultural heritage with an innovative and clear way of approaching the topic of Christian ministry. The following study will present the Saint’s vision on the mission of the Church and the profile of the “soul’s shepherd”, nobody else but the priest, as he describes it in his treaty “On Priesthood”. We will discuss this subject starting from the statements used by the Saint to justify his refusal of becoming a priest. Therefore, we will analyze the moral and missionary profile of the priest, the cultural and social circumstances in which he has to perform, and all the difficulties he must face. We will reach the conclusion that the mission of the priests during the first centuries is not any different from the one of today, so the teaching given by the Saint is eternally valid.

  9. Recherche sur les sous-declarations de décés, Saint Marc, Haiti, 2012

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stela Nazareth Meneghel

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Ce travail se réfère à une étude exploratoire menée dans la ville de Saint Marc, une commune d'environ 257,863 habitants en 2012, localisée dans le département d'Artibonite/Haïti. L'objectif est rechercher le flux d'informations concernant le système de mortalité et l'existence de non-déclarations de décès. Les décès survenus dans le mois de janvier 2013 ont fait l'objet d'une enquête dans cinq institutions de la ville de Saint Marc: l'Hôpital Saint Nicolas (HSN, la Mairie, le Bureau d'État Civil (BEC, le Cimetière et la Cathédrale. L'hôpital a été l'institution où l'on a rencontré le plus grand nombre de décès enregistrés. On a procédé au comptage des décès, à partir de la liste nominale des registres hospitaliers, en ajoutant les décè...

  10. Psychiatric symptoms, quality of life, and HIV status among people using opioids in Saint Petersburg, Russia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Desrosiers, Alethea; Blokhina, Elena; Krupitsky, Evgeny; Zvartau, Edwin; Schottenfeld, Richard; Chawarski, Marek

    2017-03-01

    The Russian Federation is experiencing a very high rate of HIV infection among people who inject drugs (PWID). However, few studies have explored characteristics of people with co-occurring opioid use disorders and HIV, including psychiatric symptom presentations and how these symptoms might relate to quality of life. The current study therefore explored a.) differences in baseline psychiatric symptoms among HIV+ and HIV- individuals with opioid use disorder seeking naltrexone treatment at two treatment centers in Saint Petersburg, Russia and b.) associations between psychiatric symptom constellations and quality of life. Participants were 328 adults enrolling in a randomized clinical trial evaluating outpatient treatments combining naltrexone with different drug counseling models. Psychiatric symptoms and quality of life were assessed using the Brief Symptom Inventory and The World Health Organization Quality of Life-BREF, respectively. Approximately 60% of participants were HIV+. Those who were HIV+ scored significantly higher on BSI anxiety, depression, psychoticism, somatization, paranoid ideation, phobic anxiety, obsessive-compulsive, and GSI indexes (all p<0.05) than those HIV-. A K-means cluster analysis identified three distinct psychiatric symptom profiles; the proportion of HIV+ was significantly greater and quality of life indicators were significantly lower in the cluster with the highest psychiatric symptom levels. Higher levels of psychiatric symptoms and lower quality of life indicators among HIV+ (compared to HIV-) individuals injecting drugs support the potential importance of combining interventions that target improving psychiatric symptoms with drug treatment, particularly for HIV+ patients. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  11. Family structure and childhood anthropometry in Saint Paul, Minnesota in 1918.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roberts, Evan; Warren, John Robert

    2017-01-01

    Concern with childhood nutrition prompted numerous surveys of children's growth in the United States after 1870. The Children's Bureau's 1918 "Weighing and Measuring Test" measured two million children to produce the first official American growth norms. Individual data for 14,000 children survives from the Saint Paul, Minnesota survey whose stature closely approximated national norms. As well as anthropometry the survey recorded exact ages, street address and full name. These variables allow linkage to the 1920 census to obtain demographic and socioeconomic information. We matched 72% of children to census families creating a sample of nearly 10,000 children. Children in the entire survey (linked set) averaged 0.74 (0.72) standard deviations below modern WHO height-for-age standards, and 0.48 (0.46) standard deviations below modern weight-for-age norms. Sibship size strongly influenced height-for-age, and had weaker influence on weight-for-age. Each additional child six or underreduced height-for-age scores by 0.07 standard deviations (95% CI: -0.03, 0.11). Teenage siblings had little effect on height-forage. Social class effects were substantial. Children of laborers averaged half a standard deviation shorter than children of professionals. Family structure and socio-economic status had compounding impacts on children's stature.

  12. GENITAL WARTS INCIDENCE IN SAINT-PETERBURG, LENINGRADSKAYA REGION, KARELIYA REPUBLIC IN 2004–2013

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O. Yu. Stebelko

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract. In 2012, information on vaccination against human papillomavirus infection was included in the form of state statistics number 5 «Information on vaccinations» in according to the Order of Rosstat number 645. In the world practice, as one of the early performance criteria of effectiveness of immunization against human papilloma virus is  morbidity rate by anogenital warts. The aim of this study was to investigate the regional characteristics of distribution of anogenital (venereal warts before and in the initial periods of vaccination against human papillomavirus infection in three regions of the North-West Federal Regions — Saint Petersburg, Leningrad Oblast, Republic of Karelia. The period of retrospective epidemiological analysis was 10 years. There were significant differences in the levels and trends, morbidity by anogenital warts in general population and by gender. Moreover, different patterns of the frequency of disease among household contacts were revealed. In all three areas persons of 18–29 years old were identified as the risk group. The importance of determining the characteristics of epidemic processes for specified nosology in each territory has been demonstrated.

  13. Fort Saint Vrain HTGR (Th/U carbide) Fuel Characteristics for Disposal Criticality Analysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Taylor, Larry Lorin

    2001-01-01

    DOE-owned spent nuclear fuels encompass many fuel types. In an effort to facilitate criticality analysis for these various fuel types, they were categorized into eight characteristic fuel groups with emphasis on fuel matrix composition. Out of each fuel group, a representative fuel type was chosen for analysis as a bounding case within that fuel group. Generally, burnup data, fissile enrichments and total fuel mass govern the selection of the representative or candidate fuel within that group. For the HTGR group, the Fort Saint Vrain (FSV) reactor fuel has been chosen for the evaluation of viability for waste co-disposal. The FSV reactor was operated by Public Service of Colorado as a licensed power reactor. The FSV fuel employs a U/Th carbide matrix in individually pyrolytic carbon-coated particles. These individual particles are in turn coated with silicon carbide (SiC) and contained within fuel compacts, that are in turn embedded in graphite blocks that comprised the structural core of the reactor.

  14. Childhood victimization and HIV risk behaviors among university students in Saint-Petersburg, Russia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bogolyubova, Olga; Skochilov, Roman; Smykalo, Lyubov

    2016-12-01

    Exposure to childhood victimization and abuse has been shown to affect HIV risk in adult populations. In Russia, the existence of child abuse was largely unrecognized until 1990s and its behavioral consequences remain understudied. Our goal was to assess childhood victimization and HIV risk behavior among young adults in Saint-Petersburg, Russia: 743 students from 15 local universities were surveyed. Unprotected sexual intercourse was the most common type of HIV risk behavior: study participants reported no condom use at last intercourse (65.17%), inconsistent condom use (58.43%) and 30.81% never used condoms in the past 3 months. Childhood sexual victimization was significantly associated with unprotected sex at last intercourse and with inconsistent condom use in the past 3 months. Young adults in Russia are vulnerable to HIV epidemic due to the pervasiveness of unprotected sexual intercourse, and childhood sexual victimization is associated with risky sexual behavior in this population. Efforts to combat HIV epidemic in Russia must include programming for the prevention of childhood sexual abuse and the development of services for the survivors of childhood victimization.

  15. Old Russian Graffito Inscription in the Abbey of Saint-Gilles, South of France

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anne-Sophie Brun

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The abbey of Saint-Gilles-du-Gard near Arles in the south of France was one of the most prominent pilgrimage sites in medieval Europe.Recent archaeological investigation has shown that construction of the abbey church, one of the most significant Romanesque pilgrimage churches in southern France, began ca. 1170/1180. The lower church (crypt with the tomb of St. Giles (Lat. Aegidius, Fr. Gilles and some of the walls of the upper church belong to that period.A well-preserved Cyrillic graffito was discovered on a pier of the upper church, close to the spot where the tomb of St. Giles is located in the crypt below. The text contains a prayer with a common formula: GI POMЪZI | RABU SVЪ|EMU SЬMKЪ|VI NINOSLA|VICHIU ‘Lord, help your servant Semko, son of Ninoslav.’ Palaeographic and linguistic analysis shows that the graffito is of Russian origin. It was probably made at some time between 1180 and 1250 by a pilgrim travelling from Russia to Santiago de Compostela, and it is the most geographically remote Old Russian graffito inscription discovered so far in western Europe.

  16. Universidad de saint-denis parís 8: polo de desarrollo territorial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iván Segura Lara

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available El proyecto Universidad, arte y territorio tiene su origen en los archivos fotográficos en torno a laevolución arquitectónica de la universidad de Saint-Denis París-8 que durante 15 años, asociadoa un equipo de investigadores, alimentó el autor, para desarrollar un enfoque transdisciplinarioque analizara el papel de las entidades culturales como motor de las transformaciones territorialeslocales. Se formularon criterios para la creación de laboratorios internacionales de observación delterritorio y análisis de las fuerzas de la globalización que condicionan estas transformaciones. Apartir de esto se infirieron nuevas nociones para definir los criterios de ciudad contemporánea bajolos nuevos paradigmas de la globalización. Simultáneamente, los procesos de documentación yrepresentación construyen a través de su doble especificidad científica y estética un conocimientoy una poesía sensible a los procesos de construcción de la historia de la universidad.

  17. ‘Magic Negro’, Saint or Comrade: Representations of Nelson Mandela in Film

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roger Bromley

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available “In the late 1980s, Nelson Mandela stood alone against the apartheid state.” This comment taken from the DVD Box set cover of Nelson Mandela: From Freedom to History summarises the approach taken by many of the cinematic and televisual representations of Mandela. Linked with this is a statement by the CEO of Marriott which speaks of Mandela as “an individual who changed the arc of history through his or her singular contribution, not as a function of the era or the movement but because of what they did alone.” Together, these descriptions attempt to appropriate Mandela for a sanitised version of western individualism which sees him variously as a liberal icon, saintly hero, or the celebrity one-off “magic negro”, in Okwongo’s damning phrase taken from his magisterial valedictory piece “Mandela will never, ever be your minstrel” (Okwongo 2013. In the process, Mandela’s role in the anti-apartheid...

  18. Designing long-term fish community assessments in connecting channels: Lessons from the Saint Marys River

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schaeffer, Jeff; Rogers, Mark W.; Fielder, David G.; Godby, Neal; Bowen, Anjanette K.; O'Connor, Lisa; Parrish, Josh; Greenwood, Susan; Chong, Stephen; Wright, Greg

    2014-01-01

    Long-term surveys are useful in understanding trends in connecting channel fish communities; a gill net assessment in the Saint Marys River performed periodically since 1975 is the most comprehensive connecting channels sampling program within the Laurentian Great Lakes. We assessed efficiency of that survey, with intent to inform development of assessments at other connecting channels. We evaluated trends in community composition, effort versus estimates of species richness, ability to detect abundance changes for four species, and effects of subsampling yellow perch catches on size and age-structure metrics. Efficiency analysis revealed low power to detect changes in species abundance, whereas reduced effort could be considered to index species richness. Subsampling simulations indicated that subsampling would have allowed reliable estimates of yellow perch (Perca flavescens) population structure, while greatly reducing the number of fish that were assigned ages. Analyses of statistical power and efficiency of current sampling protocols are useful for managers collecting and using these types of data as well as for the development of new monitoring programs. Our approach provides insight into whether survey goals and objectives were being attained and can help evaluate ability of surveys to answer novel questions that arise as management strategies are refined.

  19. The Effects of NSTP on the Lives of Saint Louis University Students

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    Marilyn L. Balmeo

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The National Service Training Program (NSTP of the Philippines is a form of service learning which is defined as the integration of community services to instruction in order to strengthen the civic and community responsibilities of the students. The purpose of this study is to determine the effectiveness of the NSTP for the students, its influences along self-improvement, performance, community involvement, and demonstration of abilities and skills, and the difficulties encountered by the students while enrolled in their respective NSTP courses. The 1421 respondents of the study were the undergraduate students of Saint Louis University who finished the NSTP courses last school year 2012-2013. The study utilized an adapted survey-type questionnaire to gather the data needed in the study. The findings of the study suggest that NSTP courses are effective and they influenced the self-improvement, performance, community involvement, and demonstration of abilities and skills of the students to an extent. The students are also able to continue to demonstrate the different competencies they learned or acquired from NSTP courses. Moreover, this study reveals that the students often encountered many difficulties while they were enrolled in the NSTP courses.

  20. Measles outbreak in the Children’s Hospital in Saint-Petersburg, 2012

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. A. Bichurina

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Measles was imported to Saint-Petersburg from the Chechen Republic by the patient admitted to the Children’s Clinical Hospital where the measles focus out of 94 cases was formed within the period of January – March, 2012. The typical clinical form of infection was revealed for all measles cases. The general signs of the infection were fever, rash, cough, rhinitis, conjunctivitis. Children under 17 years old consisted three quarters of patients. Among measles patients 75% of cases were the non vaccinated children in the age of 5 months – 14 years. Measles was confirmed by detection of IgM antibodies to measles virus in ELISA in 93.6% of sera samples. Molecular studies of the biological samples from the patient who was the source of the infection as well as from the other patients revealed the measles virus genotype D4 “Iran 2010”. This genotype widely circulated in Iran, Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan as well as in some regions of Russia in 2010–2012. The later diagnostic and isolation of the first measles patient in this hospital facilitated the transmission of measles virus infection in the Hospital where the most part of the non vaccinated children were also treated.

  1. Architecture, religion, and tuberculosis in Sainte-Agathe-des-Monts, Quebec.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adams, Annmarie; Poutanen, Mary Anne

    2009-01-01

    This paper explores the architecture of the Mount Sinai Sanatorium in Sainte-Agathe-des-Monts (Qc) to disentangle the role of religion in the treatment of tuberculosis. In particular, we analyze the design of Mount Sinai, the jewel in the crown of Jewish philanthropy in Montreal, in relation to that of the nearby Laurentian Sanatorium. While Mount Sinai offered free treatment to the poor in a stunning, Art Deco building of 1930, the Protestant hospital had by then served paying patients for more than two decades in a purposefully home-like, Tudor-revival setting. Using architectural historian Bernard Herman's concept of embedded landscapes, we show how the two hospitals differed in terms of their relationship to site, access, and, most importantly, to city, knowledge, and community. Architects Scopes & Feustmann, who designed the Laurentian hospital, operated an office at Saranac Lake, New York, America's premier destination for consumptives. The qualifications of Mount Sinai architects Spence & Goodman, however, derived from their experience with Jewish institutions in Montreal. Following Herman's approach to architecture through movement and context, how did notions of medical therapy and Judaism intersect in the plans of Mount Sinai?

  2. International Congress on Transposable Elements (ICTE) 2012 in Saint Malo and the sea of TE stories.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ainouche, Abdelkader; Bétermier, Mireille; Chandler, Mick; Cordaux, Richard; Cristofari, Gaël; Deragon, Jean-Marc; Lesage, Pascale; Panaud, Olivier; Quesneville, Hadi; Vaury, Chantal; Vieira, Cristina; Vitte, Clémentine

    2012-10-30

    An international conference on Transposable Elements (TEs) was held 21-24 April 2012 in Saint Malo, France. Organized by the French Transposition Community (GDR Elements Génétiques Mobiles et Génomes, CNRS) and the French Society of Genetics (SFG), the conference's goal was to bring together researchers from around the world who study transposition in diverse organisms using multiple experimental approaches. The meeting drew more than 217 attendees and most contributed through poster presentations (117), invited talks and short talks selected from poster abstracts (48 in total). The talks were organized into four scientific sessions, focused on: impact of TEs on genomes, control of transposition, evolution of TEs and mechanisms of transposition. Here, we present highlights from the talks given during the platform sessions. The conference was sponsored by Alliance pour les sciences de la vie et de la santé (Aviesan), Centre national de la recherche scientifique (CNRS), Institut national de la santé et de la recherche médicale (INSERM), Institut de recherche pour le développement (IRD), Institut national de la recherche agronomique (INRA), Université de Perpignan, Université de Rennes 1, Région Bretagne and Mobile DNA. CHAIR OF THE ORGANIZATION COMMITTEE: Jean-Marc Deragon ORGANIZERS: Abdelkader Ainouche, Mireille Bétermier, Mick Chandler, Richard Cordaux, Gaël Cristofari, Jean-Marc Deragon, Pascale Lesage, Didier Mazel, Olivier Panaud, Hadi Quesneville, Chantal Vaury, Cristina Vieira and Clémentine Vitte.

  3. MEDICAL CARE SERVICE FOR CHILDREN WITH SPINAL INJURIES IN SAINT-PETERSBURG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Алексей Георгиевич Баиндурашвили

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The scientifically based organizational system of diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation of children with fractures of the vertebrae is accepted in the medical institutions of St. Petersburg, including inpatient, sanatorium and outpatient care. Stages of conservative treatment in patients with vertebral compression fractures in the emergency departments of children’s general hospitals in St. Petersburg are reported, the St. Petersburg State budgetary institution of health care Children’s Rehabilitation Center of Orthopedics and Traumatology “Ogonyok” and children’s outpatient clinics. The algorithm is presented in details to provide advice and high-tech The St. Petersburg SFHI Children’s Rehabilitation Center of Orthopedics and Traumatology “Ogonek”, Saint-Petersburg surgical emergency care to children with unstable and complicated fractures of the vertebrae, which is carried out by experts of the Federal Children’s Center of spine and spinal cord injuries at the base of the department of spinal pathology and neurosurgery of FSBI “Scientific and Research Institute for Children’s Orthopedics n. a. G. I. Turner” under the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation.

  4. L’hallucination de la connaissance : La Tentation de saint Antoine de Flaubert

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    Dagmar Stöferle

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available En représentant les démons dans la Tentation de saint Antoine, Flaubert transforme un concept chrétien par un concept psychologique élaboré par Alfred Maury, à savoir celui de l’hallucination hypnagogique. Mais ce n’est qu’à travers les différentes variantes du texte qu’on peut observer ce processus de substitution. Dans la première version de 1849, les apparitions sont toujours appelées des « démons ». Quand on lit Die christliche Mystik de Joseph von Görres que Flaubert a connu par la traduction de Charles Sainte-Foi (La mystique divine, naturelle et diabolique, Paris, 1862 on peut faire une découverte intéressante : Görres opère une distinction entre une « vraie » mystique chrétienne et une « fausse » mystique démoniaque. Ce qui là s’appelle l’extase est ici la possession par les démons. Toute la démonologie est expliquée par une conception hérétique du Mal, laquelle repose sur une fausse substantialisation, et dont il voit la manifestation la plus pure dans la religion gnostique du manichéisme. Or, comme l’on sait, Antoine est fortement attiré par la Gnose qui est, au sens grec du terme, une religion de la connaissance. Avec les adhérents de la Gnose il partage le dualisme entre un monde matériel, terrestre et un principe premier d’essence divine dans l’au-delà. Ainsi faut-il se poser la question s’il réussit finalement à surmonter le dualisme en recevant la connaissance ou bien si les dualismes continuent à persister dans le texte. La lecture de la Tentation mène à un double résultat : D’un point de vue macro-structurel, l’élément gnostique reste le non-surmontement du dualisme, lequel s’exprime sur le plan rhétorique par la résistance de l’allégorique dans le texte. En revanche, à la fin du texte, le dualisme est surmonté une seule fois dans la mise en scène d’une inversion du monisme (être-dans-le-monde et du dualisme (acosmisme.Representing the demons

  5. "LA LÉGENDE DE SAINT-JULIEN L'HOSPITALIER DE GUSTAVE FLAUBERT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dayse Maria Pires

    1995-01-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 21 false false false PT-BR X-NONE X-NONE MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Tabela normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;} Este texto é uma leitura de um conto de Gustave Flaubert, "La légende de Saint Julien l'hospitalier". Este artigo quer mostrar como a retomada de uma narrativa popular, como o é a lenda, pode produzir um texto realmente novo, pois a composição de qualquer narrativa se faz no cruzamento de discursos.

  6. Troubadour Biographies and the Value of Authentic Love: Daude de Pradas and Uc de Saint Circ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thomas Hinton

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available The idea of an essential connection between the quality of a song and the sincerity of the emotion it expresses ("I sing because I love" is a topos used in various ways by troubadours, one which lent itself naturally to discussion of their relationship to audiences and to other poets. The topos transferred across to the thirteenth-century biographies (vidas found alongside the songs in numerous manuscripts, as in the arresting claim, made in the vida about Daude de Pradas, that his songs "did not spring from love and therefore did not find favour with audiences." Elsewhere, however, the biographies give a different account of inauthenticity, as the edge which allows troubadours to exercise control over their social environment; significantly, this version of the topos appears in the vida for Uc de Saint Circ, who is believed to be the main author of the corpus. In these contrasting accounts of poetic inauthenticity, we can see the biographies wrestling with questions of control and definition of the cultural capital of troubadour lyric: patron and poet, cleric and lay. The thirteenth century saw authors and their audiences increasingly asserting the lasting cultural value of vernacular literature in general, and (through its association with troubadour production Occitan in particular. Accordingly, these texts reflect the poets' engagement with the court audiences for whom they were writing, at the same time as they look ahead to the enduring record of posterity.

  7. Molecular identification of Saint Louis encephalitis virus genotype IV in Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Richard Hoyos-López

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Saint Louis encephalitis virus (SLEV is a member of the Japanese-encephalitis virus serocomplex of the genus Flavivirus. SLEV is broadly distributed in the Americas and the Caribbean Islands, where it is usually transmitted by mosquitoes of the genus Culex and primarily to birds and mammalian-hosts. Humans are occasionally infected by the virus and are dead-end hosts. SLEV causes encephalitis in temperate regions, while in tropical regions of the Americas, several human cases and a wide biological diversity of SLEV-strains have been reported. The phylogenetic analysis of the envelope (E protein genes indicated eight-genotypes of SLEV with geographic overlap. The present paper describes the genotyping of two SLEV viruses detected in mosquito-pools collected in northern Colombia (department of Cordoba. We used reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction to amplify a fragment of theE-gene to confirm the virus identity and completeE-gene sequencing for phylogenetic analysis and genotyping of the two-SLEV viruses found circulating in Córdoba. This is the first report of SLEV genotype IV in Colombia (Córdoba in mosquitoes from a region of human inhabitation, implicating the risk of human disease due to SLEV infection. Physicians should consider SLEV as a possible aetiology for undiagnosed febrile and neurologic syndromes among their patients who report exposure to mosquito-bites.

  8. The ionospheric response to the Saint Patrick storm over South East Asia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spogli, L.; Alfonsi, L.; Di Mauro, D.; Pezzopane, M.; Cesaroni, C.; Povero, G., Sr.; Pini, M., Sr.; Dovis, F., Sr.; Romero, R.; Linty, N.; Abadi, P.; Nuraeni, F.; Husin, A.; Huy Le, M.; La The, V.; Pillat, V. G.; Floury, N.

    2015-12-01

    ERICA, a project funded by the European Space Agency, aims at characterizing the ionospheric variability of the Equatorial Ionospheric Anomaly in the South East Asia. In particular, ERICA focuses on the variation of the plasma electron density in the southern and northern crests of the anomaly and over the dip equator identified by the Equatorial Ionospheric Trough. To achieve this goal, an ad hoc measurements campaign is on-going with ground-based instruments located in the footprints of the Equatorial Ionospheric Anomaly and of the Equatorial Ionospheric Trough in Vietnam and Indonesia.The campaign started on the 1st of March 2015, timing to monitor the Saint Patrick storm effects on the ionosphere by means of ionosondes, double frequency hardware and software defined radio GNSS receivers, ground based and spaceborne magnetometers and Langmuir probe. Such multi-instrumental and multi-parametric observations of the region enables an in-depth investigation of the ionospheric response to the largest geomagnetic storm of the current solar cycle. The observations record positive and negative ionospheric storms, sporadic E layer and spread F conditions, scintillations enhancement and inhibition, TEC gradients. The ancillary information on the local magnetic field allows to highlight the variety of ionospheric perturbations happened during the main and the long recovery phase of the storm.The paper presents the outcomes of the investigation evidencing the peculiarities of a region not yet extensively reported in the open literature.

  9. Abstract The 1997 Watercourses Convention is the first and the only ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    1997-05-21

    May 21, 1997 ... Eritrea, Fiji, Guinea, Lebanon, Mauritania, Myanmar, Niger, Nigeria, Palau, Saint Kitts &Nevis, Saint Lucia,. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Senegal, Solomon Islands, Sri Lanka, Swaziland, Tajikistan, The former. Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Zaire, Zimbabwe. 27 WOUTERS ...

  10. African Journals Online: Syrian Arab Republic

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Self-Pay, Senegal, Serbia, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Sint Maarten (Dutch part), Slovakia (Slovak Republic), Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Spain ...

  11. African Journals Online: El Salvador

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Self-Pay, Senegal, Serbia, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Sint Maarten (Dutch part), Slovakia (Slovak Republic), Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Spain ...

  12. African Journals Online: Central African Republic

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Self-Pay, Senegal, Serbia, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Sint Maarten (Dutch part), Slovakia (Slovak Republic), Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Spain ...

  13. African Journals Online: Costa Rica

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Self-Pay, Senegal, Serbia, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Sint Maarten (Dutch part), Slovakia (Slovak Republic), Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Spain ...

  14. African Journals Online: Comoros

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Self-Pay, Senegal, Serbia, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Sint Maarten (Dutch part), Slovakia (Slovak Republic), Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Spain ...

  15. African Journals Online: Slovakia (Slovak Republic)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Self-Pay, Senegal, Serbia, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Sint Maarten (Dutch part), Slovakia (Slovak Republic), Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Spain ...

  16. African Journals Online: Northern Mariana Islands

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Self-Pay, Senegal, Serbia, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Sint Maarten (Dutch part), Slovakia (Slovak Republic), Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Spain ...

  17. Juglans regia L. (Juglandaceae at Peter the Great Botanical Garden in Saint Petersburg

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Firsov Gennadiy Afanasyevich

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Juglans regia L. was the first exotic species of this genus to be cultivated at Peter the Great Botanical Garden of the V.L. Komarov Botanical Institute of RAS in Saint Petersburg – it was mentioned at M.M. Terekhovsky’s Catalogue in 1796. Firstly it was cultivated indoors. It was tested by E.L. Regel as early as in 1871 but unsuccessfully. It has been cultivated trustworthy outdoors since 1914. It was seriously frost damaging during the 20th century in cold winters with temperature below -25 oC, such as in 1955/56, 1968/69, 1978/79, аnd 1984/85. The winter of 1986/87 with absolute minimum temperature -34,7oC was very unfavourable, and many trees died after it. At present, the winter hardiness has increased with the warming of the climate. There are no frost damages at all or they are small and insignificant. The largest trees now reach 19 m high and 31 cm of trunk diameter in the age of 67 years old. The majority of trees produce fruits. Twenty trees of modern collection represent the five generations. The visible increasing of adaptation abilities is observed starting with the fifth generation. The trees of the fifth generation are good looking single-trunked trees without frost damages. Since 2014 they have been producing fruits, and subsequently this is possible to obtain plants of the sixth generation. Apparently the specimens of the fifth and the next generations are of special value to test at areas outside of the city to promote the distribution of the walnut in cultivation.

  18. Variational Assimilation of Sparse and Uncertain Satellite Data For 1D Saint-Venant River Models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garambois, P. A.; Brisset, P.; Monnier, J.; Roux, H.

    2016-12-01

    Profusion of satellites are providing increasingly accurate measurements of continental water cyle, and water bodies variations while in situ observability is declining. The future Surface Water and Ocean Topography (SWOT) mission will provide maps of river surface elevations widths and slopes with an almost global coverage and temporal revisits. This will offer the possibility to address a larger variety of inverse problems in surface hydrology. Data assimilation techniques, that are broadly used in several scientific fields, aim to optimally combine models, system observations and prior information. Variational assimilation consists in iterative minimization of a discrepency measure between model outputs and observations, here for retrieving boundary conditions and parameters of a 1D Saint Venant model. Nevertheless, inferring river discharge and hydraulic parameters thanks to the observation of river surface is not straightforward. This is particularly true in the case of sparse and uncertain observations of flow state variables since they are governed by nonlinear physical processes. This paper investigates the identifiability of hydraulic controls given sparse and uncertain satellite observations of a river. The identifiability of river discharge alone and with roughness is tested for several spatio temporal patterns of river observations, including SWOT like observations. A new 1D Shallow water model with variational data assimilation, within the DassFlow chain is presented as well as postprocessing and observation operator dedicated to the future SWOT and SWOT simulator data. In view to decrease inverse problem dimensionality discharge is represented in a reduced basis. Moreover we introduce an original and reduced parametrization of the flow resistance that can account for various flow regimes along with a cross section design dedicated to remote sensing. We show which discharge temporal frequencies can be identified w.r.t observation ones and at which

  19. Modern understanding of ‘geoeconomic position’ and the Saint Petersburg agglomeration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kuznetsov S. V.

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available This article presents a modern interpretation of the concept of ‘geoeconomic situation’ as applied to one of the most important centers of the Baltic region — the St. Petersburg agglomeration. The coastal location of the agglomeration and close connections with the Leningrad region make it possible to consider the Saint Petersburg coastal region (Baltic Area as a whole. The article sets out not only to verify, confirm, and explain the features of the geoeconomic position of the coastal region, but also to describe the contiguous geoeconomic space. The position of the St. Petersburg coastal region is of crucial importance for ensuring a steady growth of regional economy, the propagation of industrialization impulses, and modernization in the heart of Russian Northwestern macroregion. At the same time, the specific features of the region’s geoeconomic position magnify the ‘inherited’ ad acquired effects of focal industrialization and space polarization, which creates additional prerequisites for the inversion of the Russian economic space — ‘Russia of the physical space’ and ‘the economic space of Russia’. The study uses traditional methodology of economic geography (the territorial, cluster, and spatial approaches and the geoeconomic approach developed by the authors. The article also addresses recent findings in regional economy and spatial studies. It is aimed at the development of the geoeconomic paradigm in the framework of social geography and that of spatial science. An analysis of the geoeconomic position and the developing spatial relations can be of interest for researchers of geographic clusters, agglomerations, and such cross-border forms of cooperation, as growth triangles, for example.

  20. The University of Saint Louis’ Foreign Language Program: Introspections and Realizations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emmanuel James P. Pattaguan

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available This study was meant to present an evaluation of the delivery of the University of Saint Louis’ Foreign Language Program-Mandarin Chinese. Using descriptive research design, coupled with focus group discussion with the students in total enumeration, data along the different aspects of the teaching and learning of Mandarin Chinese, was ascertained using a developed and validated questionnaire. The student-respondents have evaluated the following areas: 1.Objectives of the Lesson/Course 2 Lesson Strategies 3 Lesson Assessments 4 Student Engagement 5 Learning Resources and Environment 5 Classroom Management 6 Outcomes. Moreover, the grades of the students along two major assessments-oral and written were also looked into to validate the perceptions of students along outcomes. In addition, a structured interview with the teachers was also conducted to provide further information. Looking within, data gathered and analyzed reveals that the University’s Foreign Language Program with the offering of Mandarin Chinese is generally very satisfactory along all areas evaluated. The oral and written examination results as reflected in the grades of the students show that the students have gained adequate skills in both oral and written Mandarin Chinese, although among all areas, it’s the written Mandarin that got the lowest mean rating among all items under “outcomes”. From the foregoing, realizations have been made that while the evaluation is generally very satisfactory using the scale, there is a need for the University to look into specific items under the major areas by way of designing intervention programs to further improve the delivery of the current foreign language program to its students. Moreover, an in-depth study of the same can be expanded to other classes delivered by Filipino professors.

  1. [Socioeconomic determinism of obesity in the Seine-Saint-Denis area].

    Science.gov (United States)

    La Rosa, Emilio; Valensi, Paul; Cohen, Régis; Soufi, Karema; Robache, Chantal; Cohen, Régis; le Clésiau, Hervé

    2003-01-18

    Obesity is a complex multi-factorial disease. The role of socioeconomic factors is known but few studies have attempted to analyse separately the impact of the various participating factors: oncome, level of education, cultural and social status. These factors were analysed in 26,278 persons aging from 16 to 59 years, living in the district and having benefited from a medical check-up in the Seine-Saint-Denis health and social prevention centre, district particularly concerned by socio-economic insecurity. Among these persons, a representative sample of 1804 filled-in an additional questionnaire including questions on their income, level of education, marital status and the area or country of origin. The prevalence of obesity (body mass index or BMI > or = 30 kg/m2) and overweight (MCI = 25 to 29.9 kg/m2) was respectively of 17.6 and 32.7%. Using univariate analysis, the prevalence of obesity was significantly associated with age, gender (higher in women), settled way of life, socio-professional category, low education, marital status and origin (higher in persons from Africa and North Africa). Using a logistic regression model, the risk of obesity was increased 1.45-fold in persons earning less than 838,47 euros and 1.67-fold in persons with low education. Moreover, it was 2.28-fold greater in the un-working population, 1.62-fold in the redundant and 1.5-fold in the working class, compared with the executive-freelance population. The risk of obesity is therefore independently related to cultural, economic and social parameters.

  2. SAINT LOUIS ENCEPHALITIS VIRUS IN MATO GROSSO, CENTRAL-WESTERN BRAZIL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Letícia Borges da Silva HEINEN

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The dengue virus (DENV, which is frequently involved in large epidemics, and the yellow fever virus (YFV, which is responsible for sporadic sylvatic outbreaks, are considered the most important flaviviruses circulating in Brazil. Because of that, laboratorial diagnosis of acute undifferentiated febrile illness during epidemic periods is frequently directed towards these viruses, which may eventually hinder the detection of other circulating flaviviruses, including the Saint Louis encephalitis virus (SLEV, which is widely dispersed across the Americas. The aim of this study was to conduct a molecular investigation of 11 flaviviruses using 604 serum samples obtained from patients during a large dengue fever outbreak in the state of Mato Grosso (MT between 2011 and 2012. Simultaneously, 3,433 female Culex spp. collected with Nasci aspirators in the city of Cuiabá, MT, in 2013, and allocated to 409 pools containing 1-10 mosquitoes, were also tested by multiplex semi-nested reverse transcription PCR for the same flaviviruses. SLEV was detected in three patients co-infected with DENV-4 from the cities of Cuiabá and Várzea Grande. One of them was a triple co-infection with DENV-1. None of them mentioned recent travel or access to sylvatic/rural regions, indicating that transmission might have occurred within the metropolitan area. Regarding mosquito samples, one pool containing one Culex quinquefasciatus female was positive for SLEV, with a minimum infection rate (MIR of 0.29 per 1000 specimens of this species. Phylogenetic analysis indicates both human and mosquito SLEV cluster, with isolates from genotype V-A obtained from animals in the Amazon region, in the state of Pará. This is the first report of SLEV molecular identification in MT.

  3. Tuberculosis screening at the Sainte-Anne Hospital in Paris - results of first and second IGRA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nienhaus, Albert; Gariepy, Paul-Kenneth; Trouve, Catherine; Lhaumet, Christiane; Toureau, Jean; Peters, Claudia

    2014-01-01

    Healthcare workers (HCWs) are exposed to Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) and therefore are screened for tuberculosis (TB). Results of TB screenings with the Interferon-γ Release Assay (IGRA) in a French psychiatric hospital without a TB ward are described. At the Sainte-Anne Hospital, a referral centre for psychiatric patients throughout the municipal region of Paris, IGRA screening is performed during pre-employment and general health examination or after potential contact to MTB. The QuantiFERON Gold in tube (QFT) is used and data on TB history are assessed in a standardized manner. Between August 2008 und August 2013 in total 1.192 HCWs were tested and the QFT was positive in 265 (22.2%). Probability of a positive QFT increased with age. A second QFT was performed in 144 HCWs with a positive QFT and 53 (36.8%) HCWs had a reversion. With a positive QFT close to the cut-off (e.g. 0.35-0.7 IU/ml) the odds ratio for a reversion was 4.6 compared to an INF-γ concentration of ≥3.0 IU/ml. Probability of reversion was not influenced by preventive chemotherapy, which was completed by 28 (19.4%) HCWs with a positive QFT. No active TB was detected. Prevalence of positive IGRA is high in French HCWs as is the number of reversions in IGRA. Reversion rate is particularly high around the cut-off of the IGRA. A borderline zone will therefore reduce the influence of test variability.

  4. Declaration of the G8 of Saint Petersburg, the 16 July 2006 on the world energy security; Declaration du G8 de Saint-Petersbourg, le 16 juillet 2006 sur la securite energetique mondiale

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2006-07-01

    This document presents in a first part the energy problems which the G8 is confronted with, the response of the international community and the declaration on the principles of the world energy security. The second part is devoted to the action plan of Saint Petersburg, actions in the following domains: reinforcement of the world energy markets transparency and stability, improvement of the investments climate in the energy sector, reinforcement of the energy efficiency and the energy conservation, diversification of the energies resources, security of the vital energy infrastructures, decrease of the energy dearth, fight against the climatic change and help to the sustainable development. (A.L.B.)

  5. To build an environmental quality building. Evaluation: the HQE secondary school of Pic Saint Loup realized by the region; Construire un batiment respectueux de l'environnement. Retour d'experience: le Lycee HQE du Pic Saint Loup realise par la Region

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Denicourt, Ch.

    2004-07-01

    This document presents the action realized in Pic Saint Loup secondary school, concerning the program management of an environmental quality building (HQE). The 8 chapters details the realization of the HQE building, the project planing of a HQE building, the Pic Saint Loup project, the operation beginning, the planing implementing, the project feasibility evaluation, the program redaction and the time and cost evaluation. (A.L.B.)

  6. Six Decades since a Blessed Event in the History of the Relics of Venerable Saint Parascheva - the Generalization of Her Worship (October 1955 - October 2015

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ion Vicovan

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Although the Romanian nation conceived, throughout time, numerous saints, their first canonization took place during the worthy to remember Patriarch Justinian Marina (1948-1977, in 1950. Together with the introduction in the calendar of Romanian saints, the generalization of worshipping the saints whose relics are in our country was decided. Among the saints whose worshipping was extended at the time, there was Venerable Saint Parascheva “the homely enlightener of Moldavia”, whose holy relics were brought to Iaşi in 1641, during the pious prince Vasile Lupu and the holy bishop and scholar Varlaam. The event of the proclamation of the generalization of St. Parascheva’s worship was held on the 14th October 1955, six decades ago, during the worthy to remember Metropolitan Sebastian Rusan (1950-1956, on the occasion of the dedication day, liturgical and spiritual event of exceptional importance. Both Romanian and foreign hierarchs, several priests, monks, nuns and faithful attended the event.

  7. The circulation of Ghlin flint during the time of the Blicquy - Villeneuve-Saint-Germain culture (Early Neolithic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Solène Denis

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available In the North of France and Belgium, the Blicquy - Villeneuve-Saint-Germain culture marks the end of the Early Neolithic Period (beginning of the 5th millennium. The Blicquy group is constituted of eleven sites located in Belgium, with two main centers of occupation: one Western in Hainaut and one Eastern in Hesbaye, 100 km away from the first. As part of a PhD, the lithic industry of these sites is studied in order to reconstruct the circulation networks through a techno-economic analysis. It has been complex to identify the raw materials, given the lack of information about the siliceous outcrops in the Mons Basin. However, two main circulation networks have been highlighted: one of Ghlin flint and one of tertiary Bartonian flint. These two types of flint are indeed easily recognizable by their macroscopic characteristics. The outcrops of tertiary Bartonian flints originate from the Paris Basin, where systematic surveys have been conducted since the late 1980s. The circulation of tertiary Bartonian flint is now well-known and emblematic of the Blicquy - Villeneuve-Saint-Germain culture. Therefore, this paper will focus on the circulation of Ghlin flint in the Blicquy-Villeneuve-Saint-Germain culture. The Ghlin flint shows on the surface in the Mons Basin, about twenty kilometers away from the Hainaut sites. Heavily exploited in the latter, it was exported to the Hesbaye sites in a significant way, despite the availability of siliceous resources available in Hesbaye. Moreover, some artifacts circulated towards the Paris Basin. The study of the circulation of Ghlin flint can therefore help to determine the socio-economic organization of these populations by specifying the linkages between the population centers of Hainaut, Hesbaye and Paris Basin.

  8. Targeting Rapamycin to Podocytes Using a Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule-1 (VCAM-1-Harnessed SAINT-Based Lipid Carrier System.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ganesh Ram R Visweswaran

    Full Text Available Together with mesangial cells, glomerular endothelial cells and the basement membrane, podocytes constitute the glomerular filtration barrier (GFB of the kidney. Podocytes play a pivotal role in the progression of various kidney-related diseases such as glomerular sclerosis and glomerulonephritis that finally lead to chronic end-stage renal disease. During podocytopathies, the slit-diaphragm connecting the adjacent podocytes are detached leading to severe loss of proteins in the urine. The pathophysiology of podocytopathies makes podocytes a potential and challenging target for nanomedicine development, though there is a lack of known molecular targets for cell selective drug delivery. To identify VCAM-1 as a cell-surface receptor that is suitable for binding and internalization of nanomedicine carrier systems by podocytes, we investigated its expression in the immortalized podocyte cell lines AB8/13 and MPC-5, and in primary podocytes. Gene and protein expression analyses revealed that VCAM-1 expression is increased by podocytes upon TNFα-activation for up to 24 h. This was paralleled by anti-VCAM-1 antibody binding to the TNFα-activated cells, which can be employed as a ligand to facilitate the uptake of nanocarriers under inflammatory conditions. Hence, we next explored the possibilities of using VCAM-1 as a cell-surface receptor to deliver the potent immunosuppressant rapamycin to TNFα-activated podocytes using the lipid-based nanocarrier system Saint-O-Somes. Anti-VCAM-1-rapamycin-SAINT-O-Somes more effectively inhibited the cell migration of AB8/13 cells than free rapamycin and non-targeted rapamycin-SAINT-O-Somes indicating the potential of VCAM-1 targeted drug delivery to podocytes.

  9. Rencontres urbaines : les leçons de Dar Es-Salaam, Port Louis et Saint-Denis

    OpenAIRE

    Cauna, Alexandra De; Roy, Cécile

    2008-01-01

    Historiquement marquées par l’échange, Port Louis (île Maurice), Saint-Denis (Réunion) et Dar es-Salaam (Tanzanie) sont des villes de la rencontre. Au delà de l’intérêt qu’une analyse sur les similitudes apporterait (ex-villes coloniales, espaces portuaires, capitales de l’océan Indien…), une mise en perspective des différents aspects des contacts intra-urbains semble intéressante. Elle seule peut mettre à jour la complexité des processus à l’œuvre. Dar es-Salaam, produit de rencontres urbain...

  10. Well-balanced positivity preserving central-upwind scheme on triangular grids for the Saint-Venant system

    KAUST Repository

    Bryson, Steve

    2010-10-11

    We introduce a new second-order central-upwind scheme for the Saint-Venant system of shallow water equations on triangular grids. We prove that the scheme both preserves "lake at rest" steady states and guarantees the positivity of the computed fluid depth. Moreover, it can be applied to models with discontinuous bottom topography and irregular channel widths. We demonstrate these features of the new scheme, as well as its high resolution and robustness in a number of numerical examples. © EDP Sciences, SMAI, 2010.

  11. A reappraisal of Theroteinus (Haramiyida, Mammaliaformes from the Upper Triassic of Saint-Nicolas-de-Port (France

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maxime Debuysschere

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available The earliest mammaliaforms are difficult to assess because the fossil record is poor and because their distinctive morphologies cannot be directly compared with more recent mammaliaforms. This is especially true for the haramiyid genus Theroteinus, only known in the Saint-Nicolas-de-Port locality (Rhaetian, France. This study presents a new definition of the type-species Theroteinus nikolai. A new species Theroteinus rosieriensis, sp. nov., is named and distinguished by the lingual shift of distal cusps, a larger size, and a stockier occlusal outline. Comparisons with Eleutherodon, Megaconus and Millsodon suggest that Theroteinus has potential close relatives among the Jurassic haramiyids.

  12. PREFACE: 1st International School and Conference "Saint Petersburg OPEN 2014" on Optoelectronics, Photonics, Engineering and Nanostructures

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-09-01

    Dear Colleagues, 1st International School and Conference "Saint Petersburg OPEN 2014" on Optoelectronics, Photonics, Engineering and Nanostructures was held on March 25 - 27, 2014 at St. Petersburg Academic University - Nanotechnology Research and Education Centre of the Russian Academy of Sciences. The School and Conference included a series of invited talks given by leading professors with the aim to introduce young scientists with actual problems and major advances in physics and technology. The keynote speakers were: Mikhail Glazov (Ioffe Physico-Technical Institute RAS, Russia) Vladimir Dubrovskii (Saint Petersburg Academic University RAS, Russia) Alexey Kavokin (University of Southampton, United Kingdom and St. Petersburg State University, Russia) Vladimir Korenev (Ioffe Physico-Technical Institute RAS, Russia) Sergey Kukushkin (Institute of Problems of Mechanical Engineering RAS, Russia) Nikita Pikhtin (Ioffe Physico-Technical Institute RAS, Russia and "Elfolum" Ltd., Russia) Dmitry Firsov (Saint Petersburg State Polytechnical University, Russia) During the poster session all undergraduate and graduate students attending the conference presented their works. Sufficiently large number of participants with more than 160 student attendees from all over the world allowed the Conference to provide a fertile ground for the fruitful discussions between the young scientists as well as to become a perfect platform for the valuable discussions between student authors and highly experienced scientists. The best student papers, which were selected by the Program Committee and by the invited speakers basing on the theses and their poster presentation, were awarded with diplomas of the conference - see the photos. This year's School and Conference is supported by SPIE (The International Society for Optics and Photonics), OSA (The Optical Society), St. Petersburg State Polytechnical University and by Skolkovo Foundation. It is a continuation of the annual schools and

  13. Measurements of Atmospheric Concentrations of Reduced Sulphur Compounds in the All Saints Bay Area in Bahia, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Nunes, L. S. S.; Tavares, Tania Mascarenhas; Dippel, J.; Jaeschke, W

    2005-01-01

    p.79-100 Atmospheric concentrations of several reduced sulphur compounds (H2S, COS, CH3SH, CH3SCH3, CS2) originating from both natural and anthropogenic sources were measured at a number of locations in the All Saints Bay area and Reconcavo Baiano, Brazil. The volatile reduced sulphur compounds were collected by pre-concentration using cryo-tubes. Analysis of these compounds was carried out at a later date using gas chromatography with a flame photometric detector. In areas ...

  14. COMMERCIAL AIRCRAFT NOISE ASSESSMENT AT LYON SAINT-EXUPÉRY INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT. IN FLIGHT SOURCE FREQUENCY CHARACTERISATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Salah Khardi

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available  Simple noise level monitoring systems, which are currently used around airports to create a noise map in residential areas, are unable to identify source frequencies and their impact on the environment. This article presents the dominant frequencies during aircraft approaches at Lyon Saint-Exupéry International Airport (France and analyzes the evidence of their impact on the environment. The results have the potential to contribute to the improvement of environmental quality around airports. They provide the emitted frequencies during the operations which can be treated by passive or active control systems.

  15. Healing Chains, Relationships of Power and Competing Religious Imageries in the Monastery of Saints Kosmas and Damian in Kuklen (Bulgaria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Magdalena Lubanska

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available This article offers an anthropological analysis of a conflict over the use of a set of 'healing chains' and other focal objects kept in the Orthodox Christian monastery of Saints Kosmas and Damian in Kuklen, Bulgaria. In a nutshell, the conflict captures the leading religious imageries propagated by the custodians of the monastery on the one hand, and the spiritual leaders of a new religious movement, so-called Deunovians, on the other. The analysis helps situate some of the significant changes currently affecting the religious culture of Orthodox Christians in Bulgaria within a broader social and cultural context.

  16. Mineralogy, geochemistry, and genesis of high-alumina fenites of the Mont Saint-Hilaire alkaline pluton, Québec, Canada

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yakovleva, O. S.; Pekov, I. V.; Horváth, L.; Bryzgalov, I. A.; Yapaskurt, V. O.; Guseva, E. V.

    2010-12-01

    High-alumina fenites in the Mont Saint-Hilaire alkaline complex, Québec, Canada, form bodies at the contact of peralkaline nepheline syenite. Fenites are subdivided into four types: corundum-spessartine-biotite-feldspar, muscovite-corundum-hercynite-biotite-feldspar, carbonated muscovite-biotite-hercynite-feldspar, and spessartine-hercynite-feldspar. Accessory minerals of the ilmenite-pyrophanite series, columbites, zircon, thorite, pyrrhotite, Fe, Mn, Mg, Ca, Ba, and REE carbonates, uedaite-(Ce), etc. are identified. Three stages are suggested in the formation of these rocks. In mineralogy and geochemistry, the Mont Saint-Hilaire high-alumina fenites are similar to Al-rich fenites replacing xenoliths in the Khibiny alkaline complex, Russia. In both cases, fenites are related to peralkaline rocks and replace high-alumina protoliths: granite at Mont Saint-Hilaire and metapelites in the Khibiny Mountains. These fenites are regarded as a specific type of fenites with rock-forming Mg-depleted hercynite.

  17. The Medical Vestment and Surgical Instruments of Saint Cosmas and Damian on Sinai Icons From the Seventh to the Eighteenth Century.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beldekos, Dimitris; Karamanou, Marianna; Poulakou-Rebelakou, Effie; Ploumpidis, Dimitris; Androutsos, George

    2015-12-01

    The iconography of the doctor saints Cosmas and Damian and the artistic representations of their miracles are important sources for the history of medicine. Within the sphere of physician-saints, Cosmas and Damian have the greatest number of iconographic depictions in Byzantine and Post-Byzantine art. In most of their representations, they wear long robes as a sort of professional mantles and carry surgical instruments and boxes indicating their status as doctors. The progress of Byzantine surgery could be attested by these objects, some of them mentioned in collections of miracle stories and documented in medical sources.

  18. COMMENT MARCEL PROUST S’EST RÉCONCILIÉ AVEC CHARLES-AUGUSTIN SAINTE-BEUVE EN LISANT ALBERT THIBAUDET (SIMPLES REMARQUES D’HISTOIRE LITTÉRAIRE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Franc Schuerewegen

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The name of Marcel Proust doesn't appear in Physiologie de la critique, a series of conference that Albert Thibaudet held in Paris in 1922, and which were published in book form in 1930. However, if we read between the lines, Proust is very present in this essay. Thibaudet analyses Proust's art in a discrete and implicit modus and shows us that the famous conflict between Proust and  Sainte-Beuve wasn't really a conflict, as he sees it. If we look attentively at the texts, Proust is sometimes very close to Sainte-Beuve, even if he refuses to admit it.

  19. [Spatiotemporal distribution of tuberculosis cases in the city of Saint-Louis Senegal from 2008-2011].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Massenet, D; Fall, D; Diop, M; Tall, S A; Huttinger, E; Riveau, G

    2013-10-01

    We studied the incidence of tuberculosis in the health district of Saint-Louis, Senegal over a period of 4years (2008-2011). One thousand three hundred and eighty-six cases were identified, producing an annual standardized incidence ratio of 129 cases per 100,000 inhabitants. Men in the 15-24-year old age group were more likely to be affected, and diagnosis was more common in the second half of the year. Treatment compliance was excellent (96%), and the cure rate of patients with a TB-positive microscopic examination was 95%. The overall treatment failure rate was 1% and the 6-month morality was 2%. Seropositivity, measured in volunteer patients (48%) was 3%. A spatial and temporal map of tuberculosis in the city of Saint-Louis, Senegal has been established. A cluster appears to be very likely in Guet Ndar, a particularly dense population zone in a fishing area. There is also a possible secondary cluster at Pikine. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  20. Ice Surface Morphology and Flow on Malaspina Glacier, Alaska: Implications for Regional Tectonics in the Saint Elias Orogen

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cotton, Michelle M.; Bruhn, Ronald L.; Sauber, Jeanne; Burgess, Evan; Forster, Richard R.

    2014-01-01

    The Saint Elias Mountains in southern Alaska are located at a structural syntaxis where the coastal thrust and fold belt of the Fairweather plate boundary intersects thrust faults and folds generated by collision of the Yakutat Terrane. The axial trace of this syntaxis extends southeastward out of the Saint Elias Mountains and beneath Malaspina Glacier where it is hidden from view and cannot be mapped using conventional methods. Here we examine the surface morphology and flow patterns of Malaspina Glacier to infer characteristics of the bedrock topography and organization of the syntaxis. Faults and folds beneath the eastern part of the glacier trend northwest and reflect dextral transpression near the terminus of the Fairweather fault system. Those beneath the western part of the glacier trend northeast and accommodate folding and thrust faulting during collision and accretion of the Yakutat Terrane. Mapping the location and geometry of the structural syntaxis provides important constraints on spatial variations in seismicity, fault kinematics, and crustal shortening beneath Malaspina Glacier, as well as the position of the collisional deformation front within the Yakutat Terrane. We also speculate that the geometrical complexity of intersecting faults within the syntaxis formed a barrier to rupture propagation during two regional Mw 8.1earthquakes in September 1899.

  1. Fostering Ecological Literacy: A Case Study of the Saint John Harbour in Two High School English Language Arts Classrooms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Douglas, Velta

    Integrating environmental education into curriculum in a way that tackles the holistic and complicated nature of multi-dimensional issues continues to be a challenge for educators and administrators. There is potential in using ecological literacy to introduce local environmental case studies into English Language Arts high school classrooms. This research examines the experiences of two ELA classrooms in one Saint John, NB, high school with a two-week unit based on stakeholder relationships within the Saint John Harbour. Through presentations by guest speakers and research sourced from local community groups, students learned about the highly complex environmental issues that inform management decisions for the Harbour. Using these materials as background, students participated in a mock stakeholders meeting. Case study methodology was used to explore student learning in both a higher-level and a lower-level grade 10 ELA class. Data for the analysis included: cognitive mapping exercises; oral and written classroom assignments and activities; a videotape of the mock stakeholder meetings; a focus group interview with selected students; and researcher field notes. Data demonstrated significant student learning about environmental issues including increased sophistication in describing links between and among environmental issues affecting the harbour, and much more complex understandings of the positions and roles of the various stakeholder groups. Some important areas of resistance to new learning were also evident. Implications for practice and policy and recommendations for future research are discussed.

  2. [Precariousness, cardiovascular risk in the afro-Caribbean population of Saint-Martin. Data from the study CONSANT-SM].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Atallah, V; Cornely, V; Grenié, E; Inamo, J; Carrère, P; Atallah, A

    2016-06-01

    The objective is to describe the prevalence of arterial hypertension (hypertension) and cardiovascular risk factors (FDR) and specify their association with the socio-economic factors in a collectivity of Saint-Martin. CONSANT-SM is a cross-sectional descriptive study carried out on a representative sample of 400 people. The data collection was conducted by investigators at home. The low income level is significantly associated with abdominal obesity (OR=2.3), with cardiovascular FDR accumulated (OR=3.58). Low level of education (OR=2.86) and abdominal obesity (OR=3.73) are significantly associated with hypertension. The link between cardiovascular FDR and precariousness (in our study represented by the variable low levels of income and education) is found in this study carried out on a representative sample of the population of the community of Saint-Martin. The strong link between hypertension, obesity and others cardiovascular risk factors (FDR) with precariousness (in our study represented by the variable low levels of income and education) is found in this afro-Caribbean population. This data is an important information for the health program developed by the healthy system. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  3. Formal deduction of the Saint-Venant-Exner model including arbitrarily sloping sediment beds and associated energy

    CERN Document Server

    Fernández-Nieto, E D; Narbona-Reina, G; Zabsonré, J D

    2015-01-01

    In this work we present a deduction of the Saint-Venant-Exner model through an asymptotic analysis of the Navier-Stokes equations. A multi-scale analysis is performed in order to take into account that the velocity of the sediment layer is smaller than the one of the fluid layer. This leads us to consider a shallow water type system for the fluid layer and a lubrication Reynolds equation for the sediment one. This deduction provides some improvements with respect to the classical Saint-Venant-Exner model: (i) the deduced model has an associated energy. Moreover, it allows us to explain why classical models do not have an associated energy and how to modify them in order to recover a model with this property. (ii) The model incorporates naturally a necessary modification that must be taken into account in order to be applied to arbitrarily sloping beds. Furthermore, we show that this modification is different of the ones considered classically, and that it coincides with a classical one only if the solution ha...

  4. Digitization of Blocks and Virtual Anastylosis of AN Antique Facade in Pont-Sainte (france)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alby, E.; Grussenmeyer, P.; Bitard, L.; Guillemin, S.; Brunet-Gaston, V.; Gaston, C.; Rougier, R.

    2017-08-01

    This paper is dedicated to the digitization of blocks and virtual anastylosis of an antique façade in Pont-Sainte-Maxence (France). In 2014 during the construction of a shopping center, the National Institute for Preventive Archaeological Research (INRAP) discovered a Gallo-Roman site from the 2nd century AD. The most interesting part of the site for the study is a façade of 70 meters long by nearly 10 meters high. The state of the conservation of the blocks of the façade makes them exceptional due to the question raised by the collapse. Representative and symbolic blocks of this building have been selected for a virtual anastylosis study. The blocks discovered belong to different types: decorated architectural blocks, monumental statuary elements and details of very fine decorations. The digital reproduction of the façade will facilitate the formulation of hypothesis for the collapse of the structure. The Photogrammetry and Geomatics Group from INSA Strasbourg is in charge of the digitization, the anastylosis and the development of exploratory methods for understanding the ruin of the façade. To develop the three-dimensional model of the facade, approximately 70 blocks of various dimensions were chosen by the archaeologists. The choice of the digitization technique is made according to the following pragmatic criterion: the movable objects are acquired with a scan-arm or a hand-held scanner in the laboratory and the largest blocks are recorded by photogrammetry at the repository near Paris. The expected types of deliverables are multiple: very accurate 3D models with the most faithful representation to document the objects in the best way and with optimized size model allowing easy handling during anastylosis tests. The visual aspect of the models is also a very important issue. Indeed, textures from photos are an excellent way to bring about the realism of the virtual model, but fine details of the object are sometimes blurred by the uniformity of the color

  5. Les traductions russes de La Légende de Saint Julien L’Hospitalier

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Svetlana Maire

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Les œuvres de Gustave Flaubert étaient et restent toujours populaires auprès du lectorat russe. La Légende de Saint Julien l’Hospitalier, parue en 1876, a suscité l’intérêt d’un grand nombre de traducteurs. Ivan Turgenev fut le premier à réaliser une traduction officielle en russe de la Légende en 1877. Par la suite, d’autres versions ont suivi. Cet article propose l’analyse de trois traductions réalisées à trois périodes différentes par trois grandes personnalités de la littérature russe, Ivan Turgenev, Alexandr Blok et Maximilian Vološin. Chacun d’eux a sa propre méthode de traduction, utilise ses propres procédés afin de restituer au mieux l’effet de stylisation créé par Gustave Flaubert. La distance temporelle qui existe entre les trois traductions suppose que chacune d’elles suive les tendances littéraires propres à son époque. Ainsi, l’analyse comparative des traductions sera menée sous un angle diachronique. Par ailleurs, la traduction de chacun d’eux reflète les tendances dominantes dans le développement des différentes conceptions du métier du traducteur et plus particulièrement sur le travail de stylisation historique.The Russian reader has always been lost in admiration at Gustave Flaubert’s production, which is particularly style-worked and of a high literary quality. The Legend of St. Julian the Hospitaller, wrote in 1876, is marked out by stylistic treasures where the form is also important as the content. Consequently, this text represents a difficult translation exercise. However, the text has always aroused interest of translators. It was in the year 1877 that Ivan Turgenev first translated it into Russian and after that various versions with distinctive features have been turning up. This paper consists on examining three versions carried out for the three different periods by three eminent personalities of the Russian literature, Ivan Turgenev, Alexandr Blok, Maximilian

  6. Configuration of water table and distribution of downward leakage to the Prairie du Chien-Jordan Aquifer in the Minneapolis-Saint Paul metropolitan area, Minnesota

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larson-Higdem, Dana C.; Larson, S.P.; Norvitch, Ralph F.

    1975-01-01

    The configuration of the water table as plotted at a contour interval of 20 feet (6 metres) on quadrangle maps (scale 1:2,500) of the Minneapolis-Saint Paul metropolitan area. Control points used for mapping were water levels in wells, lakes and sloughs, and places where topographic contours cross perennial streams.

  7. Ideal Teaching: Exploring the Attributes of an "Ideal Teacher" in the Church Educational System for the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strader, Matthew W.

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to identify the profile of an ideal teacher for the Church Educational System (CES) for the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. This study surveyed 159 students, teachers, and administrators in order to find the characteristics perceived to be ideal in a CES teacher. The survey included 16 characteristics of…

  8. Perspectives on the New Orleans Saints as a Vehicle for the Installation of Hope, Post Katrina: Therapy on the 30 Yard Line

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lawrence, Christopher

    2007-01-01

    The author discusses the effectiveness of popular culture as a tool for the instillation of hope within a community, using as an example the ways in which a National Football League team galvanized the residents of New Orleans in the 18 months following Hurricane Katrina. This article posits that the Saints supplied an impetus for transcendence…

  9. Comportamiento de las ecuaciones de Saint-Venant en 1D y aproximaciones para diferentes condiciones en régimen permanente y variable

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gloria Estefany Amarís Castro

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The importance of the behavior of the Saint Venant equations and its implications for flow analysis applied to models of hydraulic transit is the main theme of this research, where the basis of the applications and uses of these mathematical models is determined and the performance is evaluated these equations in 1D and possible approaches for different conditions of a real situation using computational numerical experimentation for a section of a prismatic channel with a hydraulic section, in cases where the channel slope presents three types of conditions: supercritical, subcritical and horizontal slope for a design rate. The main objective of this research is to find a demonstration of the applicability of the Saint Venant equations for different conditions of approaching this problem from the point of view of the solution of the Saint Venant equations in one dimension. Scheme simple solution that produce useful solutions to the needs of engineering and found to be within the sewer network analysis, many factors can affect the solution of the Saint Venant equations is proposed.

  10. Bunker culturel : la régénération du patrimoine militaire urbain à Saint-Nazaire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renzo Lecardane

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Au cours des deux dernières décennies Saint-Nazaire a relancé son développement sans se référer nécessairement aux modèles des métropoles européennes. Concentrées autour de la zone portuaire, près de la base sous-marine allemande, les nouvelles opérations urbaines ont contribué à définir un important projet touristique et culturel. La spécificité symbolique et la valorisation du patrimoine militaire ont permis à Saint-Nazaire de montrer que l’identité d’une ville pouvait activer sa croissance.Over the last two decades, the port city of Saint-Nazaire has encouraged urban redevelopment without necessarily following the models suggested by other European cities. An important cultural and tourist centre has been developed around the port zone, close to the German submarine base dating from the Second World War. The symbolic specificity and the interpretation of this military heritage have shown, at Saint-Nazaire, how a town's special identity can foster growth.

  11. VCAM-1 specific PEGylated SAINT-based lipoplexes deliver siRNA to activated endothelium in vivo but do not attenuate target gene expression

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Leus, Niek G J; Morselt, Henriëtte W M; Zwiers, Peter J; Kowalski, Piotr S; Ruiters, Marcel H J; Molema, Grietje; Kamps, Jan A A M

    2014-01-01

    In recent years much research in RNA nanotechnology has been directed to develop an efficient and clinically suitable delivery system for short interfering RNA (siRNA). The current study describes the in vivo siRNA delivery using PEGylated antibody-targeted SAINT-based-lipoplexes (referred to as

  12. The Sainte-Chapelle between Paris and Chambéry: a “repeatable” emblem of the sacredness of the Court (15th Century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Gaffuri

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available In the history of the Saintes-Chapelles the 13th century is a cornerstone, for the extraordinary semantic value given by king of France Louis IX to the palatine chapel, built on behalf of Sacred Crown of Christ and as emblem of the sacredness of the kingdom. In the theological and political arena of 13th-15th century Europe, this high symbolic value gives a strong power of representation of the royalty to the Sainte-Chapelle of Paris, making it also the subject of much imitation and reproduction by other courts. However, contrary to what one might think, the paradigms of such imitations and reproductions stay mutable for a long time, and they are not solely identifiable with the devotion to the Passion and the Blood of Christ. That is the context in which the foundation of the Sainte-Chapelle of the Savoy dukedom takes shape in Chambéry in the fifteenth century, with details, times and protagonists that this study considers. From this viewpoint, the theme of the Sainte-Chapelle joins with the objectives of an investigation of the politics of the Holy as explained by Ludovic Viallet in the Introduction, and studied through their articulation between central and local powers, political ideology and devotions, political and religious planning of space.

  13. Advice about the safety of graphite storage silos of Saint Laurent des Eaux facility; Avis sur la surete des silos de stockage de graphite de Saint Laurent des Eaux

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2005-07-01

    This document is the safety analysis made by the national association of the local commissions of information about nuclear activities (ANCLI), about the safety of graphite storage silos of Saint Laurent des Eaux nuclear facility. The analysis covers: the operation safety and the accident hypothesis, the monitoring of indoor and outdoor contamination in routine situation, the geotechnical characteristics of the site environment, the isotopic inventory and the estimation of radioactivity in routine and accidental situation, the estimation of doses received by the population in accidental situation and the internal emergency plan. After examination of these different points, the scientific committee of the ANCLI considers that a new global evaluation of risks, which integrates more recent exposure data, has to be carried out. (J.S.)

  14. Les carbonates néogènes de Sainte Croix (Iles Vierges. Etude stratigraphique et pétrophysique Neogene Carbonates At Saint Croix, Virgin Islands. Stratigraphic and Petrophysical Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andreieff P.

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available Un échantillonnage systématique des principaux affleurements des séries carbonatées néogènes de Sainte Croix (Iles Vierges a permis de préciser leur extension stratigraphique. C'est ainsi que la section-type de la formation Kingshill, qui avait été récemment attribuée au Miocène supérieur, est désormais datée du Miocène moyen d'après son riche contenu faunistique en foraminifères planctoniques et nannofossiles calcaires. Les diverses mesures pétrophysiques effectuées dans des niveaux d'environnement de dépôts différents (plate-forme, pente, bassin tendent à prouver que de bonnes porosités et perméabilités, donc de bons réservoirs, pourraient être trouvées dans des séries de pentes ou de fond de bassins associés à des plates-formes carbonatées. Systematic sampling of the main outcrops of Neogene carbonate series on Saint Croix, Virgin Islands, has enabled their stratigraphic extension to be determined. In this way, the Kingshill formation type section, which has recently been attributed to the late Miocene, is henceforth dated from the middle Miocene according to planktonic foraminifers and calcareous nannofossils. The different petrophysical measurements made in strata originated from different depositional environments (shelf, slope, basin tend to prove that good porosities and permeabilities, hence good reservoirs, might be found in slope or basin-bottom series associated with carbonate banks.

  15. La fouille du fort Saint-Georges à Chinon (Indre-et-Loire. Premiers résultats The excavation of fort Saint-Georges at Chinon (Indre-et-Loire. First results

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bruno Dufaÿ

    2006-05-01

    Full Text Available Cette note présente les premiers résultats des fouilles menées en 2003 et 2004 sur la quasi-totalité du fort Saint-Georges à Chinon (Indre-et-Loire. Celui-ci est l’un des trois éléments de la forteresse médiévale qui domine la ville. La fouille a permis de préciser la fonction du fort, construit dans la deuxième moitié du XIIe s., à l’époque où Chinon est le centre administratif des possessions continentales des Plantagenêt, rois d’Angleterre. Du point de vue militaire, il formait une fortification avancée, protégeant le château principal, selon une structure que Richard Cœur de Lion appliquera au Château Gaillard. À l’intérieur, de vastes bâtiments constituaient des logis, conçus peut-être au départ pour héberger la chancellerie royale.This article presents the first results of the excavations undertaken in 2003 and 2004 over almost all of the Fort Saint-Georges at Chinon (Indre-et-Loire, one of three elements of the medieval fortress which dominates the town. The excavation enabled us to clarify the function of the fort, built in the 2nd half of the 12th century at a time when Chinon was the administrative centre of the continental possesions of the Plantagenet King of England. From a military point of view, it formed an advanced fortification protecting the main castle, within a structure that Richard the Lionheart would apply to the Chayeau Gaillard. Inside, some vast buildings made up the dwellings, designed perhaps initially to house the royal chanceller.

  16. Successful medical and surgical treatment of dermal arteritis of the nasal philtrum in a Saint Bernard dog

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vuolo S

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Sarah Vuolo, Lisa Peters, Louis Licari Department of Emergency and Critical Care, Fox Valley Animal Referral Center, Appleton, WI, USA Abstract: A four-year-old neutered male Saint Bernard dog presented with a 2 year history of nasal philtrum ulceration and recent recurrent arterial hemorrhage from this region. Dermal arteritis of the nasal philtrum was diagnosed and the patient was started on immunosuppressive medications. Clinical signs continued to recur until surgical resection of the lesions was performed. Dermal arteritis of the nasal philtrum is a rare phenomenon but should be considered in certain breeds. Surgical removal of affected tissue should be considered when medical treatment fails. Long-term management with cyclosporine was initiated which has not been previously described in the literature. Keywords: dermal arteritis, immunology, nasal resection, immunosuppression

  17. Progression des marais salés à l'ouest du Mont-Saint-Michel entre 1984 et 1994

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Virginie BOUCHARD

    1995-12-01

    Full Text Available Les aménagements réalisés par l'homme en baie du Mont-Saint-Michel depuis des siècles ont accéléré le processus naturel de sédimentation au voisinage du Mont. Une carte du marais salé (ou herbu le plus menaçant pour l'insularité du Mont a été réalisée en 1984, juste avant la destruction de la digue de la Roche-Torin, opération qui devait limiter la progression de cet herbu. Une nouvelle analyse cartographique indique aujourd'hui que sa croissance vers le large se poursuit.

  18. Chapitre V. Le diocèse de Saint-Paul : les hommes, les femmes et le territoire

    OpenAIRE

    Villerbu, Tangi

    2017-01-01

    Parmi les hommes et les femmes qui peuplent le Minnesota, qui y parviennent par un système de chaînes migratoires et s’appuient localement sur de forts réseaux, certains se singularisent par la volonté qu’ils ont de s’inscrire dans le territoire tout en cherchant à en modifier les dynamiques. Il s’agit des prêtres, frères et sœurs qui construisent le diocèse catholique de Saint-Paul, dont la création a été décidée à Rome dès la naissance du Minnesota mais dont l’organisation fut plus longue q...

  19. Impact of the Sainte-Marguerite 3 hydroelectric reservoir on the mercury exposure of local fish consumers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schetagne, R.; Plante, M. [Hydro-Quebec Production, Baie-Comeau, PQ (Canada); Castonguay, D. [Castonguay Dandenault and Associes Inc., Quebec, PQ (Canada)

    2010-07-01

    This study examined fish mercury levels in a freshwater impoundment flooded as part of the Sainte-Marguerite-3 hydroelectric generating station. The study compared mercury levels obtained before the area was flooded in 1997 with mercury exposure surveys obtained in 2006. Mercury levels in the fish have increased by factors ranging from 4 to 8. Total mercury concentrations have reached 0.78 {mu}g per g in 400-mm lake whitefish and 1.85 {mu}g per g in 700-mm northern pike. Non-native fishers consumed significantly more local fish on a monthly basis after the area was flooded. Native Innu fishers consumed less fish. Average hair mercury concentrations for non-native fish consumers remained unchanged, which mercury levels in native fish consumers decreased significantly.

  20. Saint-Pierre-le-Moutier (Nièvre : le dernier portail polychrome de Bourgogne ?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juliette Rollier-Hanselmann

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available C’est à l’occasion d’une campagne de sondages en recherche de peintures murales dans l’église romane et gothique de Saint-Pierre-le-Moutier , au sud de Nevers, que nous avons été amenés à observer de près le superbe portail situé contre la face nord. Des polychromies anciennes, complètement inédites, dont notamment des inscriptions latines, apparaissent sous une croûte noire. L’état alarmant des sculptures, fortement menacées par la pollution et les intempéries, nécessite que l’on s’y intéres...

  1. Marital fertility and income: moderating effects of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints religion in Utah.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stanford, Joseph B; Smith, Ken R

    2013-03-01

    Utah has the highest total fertility of any state in the United States and also the highest proportion of population affiliated with the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (the LDS or Mormon Church). Data were used from the 1996 Utah Health Status Survey to investigate how annual household income, education and affiliation with the LDS Church affect fertility (children ever born) for married women in Utah. Younger age and higher education were negatively correlated with fertility in the sample as a whole and among non-LDS respondents. Income was negatively associated with fertility among non-LDS respondents. However, income was positively correlated with fertility among LDS respondents. This association persisted when instrumental variables were used to address the potential simultaneous equations bias arising from the potential endogeneity of income and fertility. The LDS religion's pronatalist stance probably encourages childbearing among those with higher income.

  2. Health Impacts of Religious Practices and Beliefs Associated with The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Diego Cordero, Rocío; Badanta Romero, Bárbara

    2017-08-01

    The aim of the study is to discuss the relationship between lifestyle marked by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints and health. PubMed, CINAHL, PsycINFO, WOS y Scopus were the databases used for this literature review, with these descriptors: "Mormons", "mormons religion", "health". Inclusion criteria were articles with full text available, published between 2005 and 2016, in English or Spanish language. Results show that following the restrictive Mormon doctrine generates beneficial effects for the health. Habits related to toxics and food, as well as social support, from family and Mormon community are an important basis for good health. On the other hand, not following the prescriptions or leaving the group, opposed sexual identities or not fulfilling the roles associated with women are associated with worse mental and physical health.

  3. Paesaggi d’eccezione, paesaggi del quotidiano. I casi di Cinque Terre, Saint- Émilion, Tokaj

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maristella Storti

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available The project “Exceptional landscapes, daily life landscapes. A comparative analysis of european wine countries of World Heritage”, carried out between 2006 and 2008, has been included in a Research Programme “Landscape and Durable Development” issued by the French Environment Ministry in 2005. The study foresaw the comparative analysis of the local appropriation of the “exceptional universal value” that legitimates the inscription of the “cultural landscapes” of the Cinque Terre, of Saint Émilion and of Tokaj to the World Heritage for Humanity between 1997 and 2002. Three wine countries where the exceptional and daily life are together in different ways and where the idea of conservation and of “mummification” of a certain valuable landscape, must take into account the prerogative of durable development.

  4. [Management and prevention of abuse in Quebec: a program of sociolegal pediatrics at the Sainte-Justine Hospital in Montreal].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chabrol, B; Fortin, G; Bernard-Bonnin, A C; Allard-Dansereau, C; Chabot, G; Methot, B

    1998-12-01

    In Quebec, the Child's Protection law protects the child from birth until 18 years of age when child abuse or neglect is suspected. Since 1990, the program of the Child Protection Clinic of Sainte-Justine Hospital (Montreal) offers a special unit for evaluation and prevention of child abuse and neglect, constituted by a multidisciplinary team including five pediatricians. About 500 children are referred each year in external consultations or from hospital units. In addition, the pediatricians participate in the "programme Santé-Enfance-Jeunesse", a prevention program in the Montreal area. They also act as expert witnesses in court. Thus Quebec's pediatricians fully participate in a child's protection with their activities in different levels of diagnosis, management and prevention of child abuse and neglect.

  5. Effect of surface geometry and insolation on temperature profile of green roof in Saint-Petersburg environment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    С. А. Игнатьев

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available The paper addresses an issue of creating an environment favorable for the life in megacities by planting vegetation on the rooftops. It also provides information about rooftop greening practices adopted in other countries. The issues of ‘green roof’ building in climatic conditions of Saint Petersburg and roof vegetation impact on the urban ecosystem are examined. Vegetation composition quality- and quantity-wise has been proposed for the roof under research and a 3D model of this roof reflecting its geometric properties has been developed. A structure of roof covering and substrate qualitative composition is presented. An effect of rooftop geometry on the substrate temperature is explored. The annual substrate temperature and moisture content in different parts of the roof have been analyzed. Results of thermal imaging monitoring and insolation modelling for different parts of green roof surface are presented.

  6. Le versant de l’ombre : jeunesse, montagne et alpinisme chez Marc Augier (Saint-Loup

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emmanuel Nadal

    2003-09-01

    Full Text Available Le journaliste romancier Marc Augier (dit Saint Loup, est un exemple type de ces hommes passés « d’une extrémité à l’autre du champ politique,… de Léo Lagrange à Heinrich Himmler », jusqu’à devenir « un hitlérien français. » Cette conversion s’articule autour de trois thèmes fondamentaux, l’esprit communautaire, la célébration de la jeunesse et de l’exercice physique en montagne, ces deux derniers présentant un caractère initiatique évident.

  7. The Smell of Relics: Authenticating Saintly Bones and the Role of Scent in the Sensory Experience of Medieval Christian Veneration

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    Paul Anthony Brazinski

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available ''The archaeology of smell is a burgeoning field in recent scholarship. This paper adds to existing literature by investigating the function of smell in relation to relic sales and veneration in medieval Europe, a hitherto understudied area of research. Collating historical texts concerning the translatio of saintly relics in Western Europe and the Byzantine Empire with archaeological sources associated with relic veneration and religious worship (including ampullae, unguentaria, sarcophagi, holy oils, pillow graves, and silk, this paper suggests that (1 smell was used in the medieval world as a means to challenge or confirm a relic’s authenticity, and (2 olfactory liquids that imbued or permeated material objects in the context of worship functioned as a means of focusing attention on relic veneration and were an essential part of the cult and/or pilgrimage experience.

  8. Photographs of the “Dust of the Highway”: Georgiana Goddard King’s Way of Saint James

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Annemarie Iker

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available This article explores the use of photography in American art historian Georgiana Goddard King’s Way of Saint James (1920, a genre-defying book on the Camino de Santiago that intertwines art history with anthropology, literature, history, geography, and narrative. Despite King's groundbreaking scholarship on medieval Spain her legacy has been overshadowed by subsequent art historians, chief among them Arthur Kingsley Porter. Here, it is suggested that King’s emphasis on personal experiences of the pilgrimage—both historical and contemporary—diminished the value of her work, especially when compared with Porter’s supposedly ‘objective,’ ‘scientific’ studies. These methodological differences, visually manifest in King and Porter’s respective approaches to photographic evidence, have implications for medieval, historiographic, and feminist art historical inquiries.

  9. International Congress on Transposable elements (ICTE 2016 in Saint Malo: mobile elements under the sun of Brittany

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pascale Lesage

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract The third international conference on Transposable Elements (ICTE was held 16–19 April 2016 in Saint Malo, France. Organized by the French Transposition Community (Research group of the CNRS: “Mobile genetic elements: from mechanism to populations, an integrative approach” and the French Society of Genetics, the conference’s goal was to bring together researchers who study transposition in diverse organisms, using multiple experimental approaches. The meeting gathered 180 participants from all around the world. Most of them contributed through poster presentations, invited talks and short talks selected from poster abstracts. The talks were organized into six scientific sessions: “Taming mobile DNA: self and non-self recognition”; “Trans-generational inheritance”; “Mobile DNA genome structure and organization, from molecular mechanisms to applications”; “Remembrance of (retrotransposon past: mobile DNA in genome evolution”; and finally “The yin and the yang of mobile DNA in human health”.

  10. The Transition of Wat Tham Krabok Hmong Children to Saint Paul Public Schools: Perspectives of Teachers, Principals, and Hmong Parents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bic Ngo

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available In 2004, with the closing of the last Hmong refugee camp, Wat Tham Krabok, the latest group of Hmong refugees resettled to the US. To facilitate the language transition of approximately 1,000 school-aged newcomer Hmong children, the Saint Paul Public Schools, developed and established Transitional Language Centers. In this article, we examine the experiences and perspectives of principals, teachers and educational assistants who worked with newcomer Hmong children in the newly-established Transitional Language Centers and well-established Language Academy programs. We also elucidate the experiences of Hmong parents with the schools that served their children. Our research offers insights into the important work of the Transitional Language Centers as well as the need to better support newcomer Hmong parents.

  11. 971-IJBCS-Article-Dr Lucia Pappalardo

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DR GATSING

    target RNA. Usually the cleavage occurs when the small RNA is a perfect match to the target RNA sequence. miRISC instead, recognizes and binds the target mRNA in an imperfect match. Translation is repressed but the target RNA is not cleaved. In this work we perform a statistical analysis of the residue composition of all ...

  12. 971-IJBCS-Article-Dr Lucia Pappalardo

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DR GATSING

    MicroRNAs (miRNAs) and small-interfering RNAs (siRNAs) are small non-coding RNAs that play important regulatory roles in animals and plants. The primary sequences of 9164 miRNAs and 14238 siRNAs were analyzed to determine the occurrence of each nucleotide in specific positions of the sequences. The.

  13. Correlates of Lifetime History of Purchasing Sex Services by Men in Saint Petersburg and Leningrad Oblast, Russia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Girchenko, P; Ompad, D C; Kulchynska, R; Bikmukhametov, D; Dugin, S; Gensburg, L

    2015-12-01

    Commercial sex workers (CSWs) in the Russian Federation are at high risk of HIV infection and transmission as a result of unsafe sexual and injecting behaviors. Their clients might be at increased risk of acquiring HIV; however, little is known about the population of men purchasing sex services. This study aims to investigate factors associated with a history of purchasing sex services by men in Saint Petersburg and Leningrad Oblast, Russian Federation. Data were collected as part of a cross-sectional study offering free anonymous rapid HIV testing in Saint Petersburg and Leningrad Oblast in 2014; in total, 3565 men aged 18 years and older provided information about their behaviors associated with risk of acquiring HIV during face-to-face interviews. Prevalence of CSW use in our study was 23.9%. Multivariable analyses using log-binomial regression were stratified by self-reported HIV testing during the 12 months preceding the study interview. In both strata, older age, multiple sex partners, and a history of sex with an injection drug user (IDU) were associated with an elevated prevalence ratio (PR) for history of purchasing sex services, although the strength of the association differed by strata. Among men who reported recent HIV testing, condom use (PR = 1.22, 90% confidence interval (CI) 1.0, 1.48) was associated with a history of purchasing sex services, and among men who did not report recent HIV testing, having a consistent sex partner was associated with purchasing sex services (PR = 1.23, 90% CI 1.1, 1.37). The high prevalence of CSW service use and associations found in this study raise serious concerns about potential for sexual HIV transmission and should be investigated more closely.

  14. Los Despaigne en Saint-Domingue y Cuba: narrativa microhistórica de una experiencia atlántica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iglesias Utset, Marial

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available A family of French planters in Jérémie, in southern Saint-Domingue, whose world falls apart due to the revolution in Haiti, recreates the economy (material and moral of the coffee plantation in the El Cobre Mountains, in Santiago de Cuba. Half a century later, the breakout of the Cuban wars of independence from Spain emancipated the numerous slaves from the plantation. Their citizen status, in the Cuban Republic of the 20th century, was put to the test as the 1912 uprising of the Independent Party of Color traumatically brought back the memory of Haiti to Cuba.

    Una familia de plantadores franceses en Jérémie, en el sur de Saint-Domingue, cuyo mundo colapsa a consecuencia de la revolución de Haití, reproduce nuevamente en las serranías de El Cobre, en Santiago de Cuba, la economía (material y moral de la plantación cafetalera. Medio siglo más tarde, la irrupción de las guerras de independencia de España emancipa a los numerosos esclavos de la plantación, cuya inclusión ciudadana, ya en la república cubana en el siglo XX, se pone a prueba en 1912, cuando el alzamiento de los miembros del Partido de los Independientes de Color reactualiza traumáticamente la memoria de la revolución de Haití en Cuba.

  15. A Comparative Study of Saint Paul and Fakhri Razi on Faith

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    Hamed Nazarpour najafabadi

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Faith has a central place in Abrahamic religions. Jewish, Christian and Moslem thinkers have conducted several studies of the notion of faith and offered different ideas. Fakhri Razi and Saint Paul, two thinkers from Islamic and Christian religious traditions, have commented on the matter at length and these comments and ideas are studied in this essay.    Paul the Apostle (died 64 AD is the most famous and influential Christian figure and is known as the second founder of Christianity. He has an indispensable role in formulating Christian doctrines. At first, he was a Jew and after the revelation of Jesus, converted to Christianity and dedicated himself to evangelism. The only credible reports and first hand sources about the lives and beliefs of Paul are the Acts of the Apostles and his letters and epistles in the Bible.    The background of the debate on faith should be sought for in the Old Testament. In the Old Testament, belief means trusting in God, relying on Him, and recognizing and acknowledging the special relationship that God has established with Israel. In the New Testament, belief has a significant position too. Faith in the New Testament is more epistemic and cognitive and means certain belief and conviction. According to Paul faith is the basic principle of Christianity and outstanding feature of Christians and the main cause of salvation. In the early Christianity, Paul offers the most extensive and most profound exposition of faith.    In defining faith, Paul uses Greek word «pistis» which means confidence, faith and trust. In definition of faith, he says: "Faith is the confidence that what we hope will be, and faith is the certainty of what we believe, although we are not able to see them "(Hebrews, 11/1. He mentions Abraham as a distinguished example for introducing true faith and faithful. Faith in Jesus means to trust or have confidence in Jesus Christ. According to Paul, faith is based on hope in things which have

  16. A Comparative Study of Saint Paul and Fakhri Razi on Faith

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ghorban Elmi

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Faith has a central place in Abrahamic religions. Jewish, Christian and Moslem thinkers have conducted several studies of the notion of faith and offered different ideas. Fakhri Razi and Saint Paul, two thinkers from Islamic and Christian religious traditions, have commented on the matter at length and these comments and ideas are studied in this essay.    Paul the Apostle (died 64 AD is the most famous and influential Christian figure and is known as the second founder of Christianity. He has an indispensable role in formulating Christian doctrines. At first, he was a Jew and after the revelation of Jesus, converted to Christianity and dedicated himself to evangelism. The only credible reports and first hand sources about the lives and beliefs of Paul are the Acts of the Apostles and his letters and epistles in the Bible.    The background of the debate on faith should be sought for in the Old Testament. In the Old Testament, belief means trusting in God, relying on Him, and recognizing and acknowledging the special relationship that God has established with Israel. In the New Testament, belief has a significant position too. Faith in the New Testament is more epistemic and cognitive and means certain belief and conviction. According to Paul faith is the basic principle of Christianity and outstanding feature of Christians and the main cause of salvation. In the early Christianity, Paul offers the most extensive and most profound exposition of faith.    In defining faith, Paul uses Greek word «pistis» which means confidence, faith and trust. In definition of faith, he says: "Faith is the confidence that what we hope will be, and faith is the certainty of what we believe, although we are not able to see them "(Hebrews, 11/1. He mentions Abraham as a distinguished example for introducing true faith and faithful. Faith in Jesus means to trust or have confidence in Jesus Christ. According to Paul, faith is based on hope in things which have

  17. Podoby městského zemědělství: příklad městečka Côte Saint-Luc

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Duží, Barbora

    2016-01-01

    Roč. 7, Podzim-zima/2016/2017 (2016), s. 6-6 Institutional support: RVO:68145535 Keywords : urban agriculture * Côte Saint-Luc in Canada * local municipality Subject RIV: DE - Earth Magnetism, Geodesy, Geography

  18. Une socialisation professionnelle par l’histoire : la formation morale des Saint-Cyriens et le martyrologe patriotique Being professionally socialized by History : the moral training of Saint-Cyr cadets and the legend of patriotic martyrs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alex Alber

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available À travers l’étude de l’École Spéciale Militaire de Saint-Cyr Coëtquidan, l’article montre comment la formation des officiers français de recrutement direct repose sur une préparation pensée comme tripartite : militaire, académique et « morale ». Cette dernière dimension suppose notamment la transmission d’une mémoire collective, qui peut être étudiée comme un facteur de socialisation professionnelle. Non sans évoquer les limites d’un tel mécanisme, l’article entend montrer comment la magnification et la remémoration constante des hauts faits de l’histoire militaire, et tout particulièrement des sacrifices pro patria, peuvent servir à fortifier le patriotisme des élèves-officiers. En utilisant les résultats d’une enquête quantitative menée de manière synchronique auprès des élèves de l’ESM à leur entrée et à leur sortie de l’école, on aboutit toutefois au constat que l’école concourt à fortifier ces valeurs plus qu’elle ne les produit, et que le temps aidant, l’exaltation initiale des élèves pour les éléments absolus de l’engagement se nuance d’une connaissance plus empirique des réalités du métier.Using data gathered while researching the Special Military Academy (École Spéciale militaire of Saint-Cyr Coëtquidan in 2002, this article shows that the training of future French officers can be subdivided into three different sorts of instruction : military, academic and “moral”. The interest of the latter is that it seems to take advantage of the transmission of the memory of former officers having laid down their lives for France as a means to reinforce the cadets’ patriotism. The article points to the fact that cadets are often already convinced of the importance of patriotism and other military values upon entering the military academy. Moreover, with the passage of time, the cadets’ enthusiasm for bravery and sacrifice seems to cool slightly, as they slowly

  19. L’église Saint-Martin de Luxeuil-les-Bains (Haute-Saône, deuxième campagne

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sébastien Bully

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Les recherches archéologiques menées à Luxeuil en 2008 et 2009 devaient permettre de reconsidérer les conditions de la fondation de l’abbaye par saint Colomban et l’évolution de la fonction funéraire et mémorielle de l’église Saint-Martin. En effet, si l’on en croit le récit hagiographique de Jonas de Bobbio écrit vers 640, l’abbaye de Luxeuil, fondée par l’Irlandais Colomban à la fin du vie siècle, était établie à l’emplacement d’un ancien castrum : « (… il trouva un ancien poste militaire ...

  20. John of Plano Carpini vs Simon of Saint-Quentin: 13th-century Emotions in the Eurasian Steppe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mirko Sardelić

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available The research objective is to analyse why the accounts of two missionaries who visited the same Mongol “Other” in 1245 are quite different, despite their authors belonging to the same Christian circle. More specifically, the paper explores why Simon’s report is so much more negative in its depiction of the Mongols, and the imagological and emotional impact that these representations had. My research materials include the two mendicant reports produced by John and Simon as well as extant scholarly discussions of various aspects of the Mongol Other, apocalyptic literature, and the relations between Western Christendom and the Mongol Empire in the mid-13th century. The research innovation of the article is in the comparison of the two contemporary accounts, the elaboration of their differences in representation of the Mongols, and the analysis of their imagery from the perspective of the history of emotions. The aim of this paper is to show that in interpreting medieval European texts about the Mongols, one should combine approaches from various fields, including (but not limited to history of emotions, cultural and literal history, anthropology, cross-cultural sociology, and others. Immediate and incorrect interpretations that the Mongols were cannibals or sodomites, as one could be tempted to hold from the account of Simon of Saint-Quentin, must be moderated from scholarly perspectives. These interpretations were the result of sediment layers of events in the 1240s: the violent contact of the Mongol armies with Western Christendom, contemporary Christian attempts to put the newcomers into known apocalyptic frameworks, and most probably the personal trauma of the author who had been threatened with death after an inaction with the Mongols, might be explained both as a cross-cultural misunderstanding and a display of power. Research results: Comparison of the two accounts, one written by John of Plano Carpini and the other by Simon of Saint

  1. Soil-borne phytophtoras and woody plants in Saint-Petersburg: new threats of the third millennium

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Firsov Gennadiy

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available In recent years under the conditions of climate change the increased trend towards damages, rot and decline of woody plants at Arboretum of Komarov Botanical Institute RAS has been observed. As a result of 2-year mycological investigation (2012-2013 the wide distribution of phytophthoras has been detected in rhizosphere of many plants and 5 species of Phytophthora have been identified. All of them are soil-borne root-infecting species dangerous to plants growing at Botanical garden BIN: Ph. cinnamomi, Ph. cactorum, besides Ph. citricola, Ph. plurivora and Ph.quercina are firstly recorded in Russia. Ph. quercina is well known in Central and South Europe, but has not been observed yet in the northern latitudes of St. Petersburg. The infection of rhizosphere soil by these dangerous pathogenes has been found in 20 species of trees and shrubs from 15 genera and 13 families. The average year temperature in Saint-Petersburg during the first 13 years of the Third Millennium had ups on 0.5o and reached 6.3o . Temperature of the December, 2006 (3.0o C, July, 2010 (24.4o C and November, 2013 (4.4o C appeared to be the highest during the whole period of observations since 1743. The increase in temperature has been accompanied by the enhancement of precipitation. The highest amount of precipitation (863 mm for the whole period of observations was observed in 2012. The duration of phenological autumn for the same period has enlarged by 12 days, the spring seasons has shortened by 11 days. The duration of winter has shortened by 5 days (from 116 till 111 days, though this is still the longest season of the year (30% . Autumn is the second season in its longevity (94 days, 26% of the year. There is the tendency to more late beginning of autumnal phenostages of Calendar of Nature and the later beginning of winter. The start of spring also takes place at later dates. The summer phenostages have the tendency to start at more yearly dates. The increasing wetting of

  2. Architectures de la petite industrie urbaine : l’exemple des Lilas (Seine-Saint-Denis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicolas Pierrot

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available Les usines et les ateliers artisanaux repérés sur le territoire de la commune des Lilas ont été construits au cours du XXe siècle. A la différence de La Plaine-Saint-Denis, de ses industries lourdes, notamment chimiques et métallurgiques, à fortes emprises et génératrices d'emplois exigeant peu de qualification, Les Lilas accueillent à partir de la seconde moitié du XIXe siècle, à l'image des autres communes bordant Paris à l’est, des activités diversifiées recourant souvent à une main-d'œuvre qualifiée. Les entreprises, installées en grand nombre, sont ici disséminées en ateliers discrets : l'activité de production s'affirme peu, aux Lilas, par le décor. L’étude morphologique et architecturale permet de suivre l’évolution des ateliers et des usines, au fond des cours, le long des sentes, parfois sur la rue, et de comprendre les modalités de leur inscription dans le tissu urbain.The factories and artisans’ workshops surveyed in the suburban town of Les Lilas were built essentially during the XXth century. Unlike the town of La Plaine-Saint-Denis, whose heavy industry - namely chemical and metallurgical - generated a large unskilled workforce, Les Lilas attracted, from the second half of the XIXth century onward, numerous and varied industries that hired skilled workers. These companies were disseminated throughout the town in discreet workshops : ornate factories are not a "Lilasian" tradition. A morphological and architectural study allows us to follow the evolution of the workshops and factories found in back courtyards, along alleys or sometimes more visibly located, and to understand the different ways they wove themselves into the urban fabric of Les Lilas.

  3. The Difficult Unity of the Mediterranean in the Works and Expeditions of Bory de Saint-Vincent (1778-1846

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cañete, Carlos

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available For a long time consigned to oblivion, the figure of the soldier and naturalist Bory de Saint-Vincent has been during recent years the subject of a renewed but timid interest. This recovery is justified especially for his role as leader of the French missions in the Morea and Algeria, which replicated the military-scientific model that started in Egypt. Indeed, this leadership and the works of anthropology or botany that he produced as a result are now considered key elements in the process of construction of a modern unitary representation of the Mediterranean. These recent contributions, however, often do not consider other of his works that offer a much more complex and contradictory image of his thought. This article offers a review of recent interpretation by giving examples of his works on the Iberian Peninsula and the Canary Islands. It aims to show his representation of the Mediterranean not as a homogeneous and linear process but as the result of an ambivalent approach that led to both a unitary image and a simultaneous internal differentiation of the region.

    Durante largo tiempo relegada al olvido, la figura del militar y naturalista Bory de Saint-Vincent ha sido en los últimos años objeto de un renovado aunque tímido interés. Esta recuperación se justifica especialmente por su papel como líder de las misiones francesas en Morea y Argelia, que reprodujeron el modelo de expedición científico-militar planteado en Egipto. Precisamente, este liderazgo y los trabajos de antropología o botánica que él mismo llevó a cabo en dichas misiones se consideran actualmente como elementos fundamentales en el proceso de construcción de una moderna representación unitaria del Mediterráneo. Estas aportaciones recientes, sin embargo, no suelen considerar otros trabajos del militar-naturalista que ofrecen una imagen mucho más compleja y contradictoria de su pensamiento. En este artículo se ofrece una revisión de la reciente

  4. The connectivity of food security, food sovereignty, and food justice in boreal ecosystems: the case of Saint-Pierre and Miquelon

    OpenAIRE

    Keske, Catherine,; Dare, Jennifer,; Hancock, Tiffany; King, Myron

    2016-01-01

    International audience; This article presents a case study of the Saint-Pierre and Miquelon (France) archipelago in order to identify the network and flow of agricultural resources within the circumpolar northern hemisphere known as a “boreal ecosystem” or “boreal ecozone”. We emphasize that climate and the existence of food insecurity within wealthy nations should be factored into conceptualizations of food sovereignty and food justice. The self-governing territory’s remote distance from the...

  5. Sedimentary Records of Hyperpycnal Flows and the Influence of River Damming on Sediment Dynamics of Estuaries: Examples from the Nelson, Churchill, Moisie and Sainte-Marguerite Rivers (Canada)

    Science.gov (United States)

    St-Onge, G.; Duboc, Q.; Boyer-Villemaire, U.; Lajeunesse, P.; Bernatchez, P.

    2015-12-01

    Sediment cores were sampled in the estuary of the Nelson and Churchill Rivers in western Hudson Bay, as well as in the estuary of the Moisie and Sainte-Marguerite Rivers in Gulf of St. Lawrence in order to evaluate the impact of hydroelectric dams on the sedimentary regime of these estuaries. The gravity cores at the mouth of the Nelson River recorded several cm-thick rapidly deposited layers with a reverse to normal grading sequence, indicating the occurrence of hyperpycnal flows generated by major floods during the last few centuries. These hyperpycnal flows were probably caused by ice-jam formation, which can increase both the flow and the sediment concentration following the breaching of such natural dams. Following the construction of hydroelectric dams since the 1960s, the regulation of river discharge prevented the formation of hyperpycnal flows, and hence the deposition of hyperpycnites in the upper part of the cores. In the core sampled in the estuary of the Churchill River, only one hyperpycnite was recorded. This lower frequency may be due to the enclosed estuary of the Churchill River, its weaker discharge and the more distal location of the coring site.In the Gulf of St. Lawrence, grain size measurements allowed the identification of a major flood around AD 1844±4 years in box cores from both the Sainte-Marguerite and Moisie Rivers, whereas a drastic decrease in variations in the median grain size occurred around AD ~1900 in the estuary of the Sainte-Marguerite River, highlighting the offshore impact of the SM1 dam construction in the early 1900s. Furthermore, sedimentological variations in the box cores from both estuaries have been investigated by wavelet analysis and the sharp disappearance of high frequencies around AD 1900 in the estuary of the dammed river (Sainte-Marguerite River), but not in the estuary of the natural river (Moisie River), also provides evidence of the influence of dams on the sedimentary regime of estuaries.

  6. Comparison of the Bordetella pertussis and Bordetella parapertussis Isolates Circulating in Saint Petersburg between 1998 and 2000 with Russian Vaccine Strains

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kourova, Natacha; Caro, Valérie; Weber, Christian; Thiberge, Sabine; Chuprinina, Raisa; Tseneva, Galina; Guiso, Nicole

    2003-01-01

    We analyzed the Bordetella pertussis and Bordetella parapertussis isolates circulating in Saint Petersburg that were collected between 1998 and 2000 and compared them with isolates collected 40 years ago and Russian vaccine strains. The analysis involved serotyping, pulsed-field gel electrophoresis of chromosomal DNA after digestion with XbaI and SpeI, and sequencing of the ptxS1 and prn genes, which encode the S1 subunit of the pertussis toxin and the major adhesin pertactin, respectively. The Russian isolates were classified in five of the six pulsed-field gel electrophoresis groups identified in other European countries. The B. pertussis isolates currently circulating in Saint Petersburg differed from the Russian whole-cell vaccine strains and the isolates collected in the prevaccine era. However, their repartition in the major pulsed-field gel electrophoresis groups was slightly different from that of isolates collected in countries that have had a high level of vaccine coverage for a long time, probably because the level of vaccine coverage in Saint Petersburg has increased only recently, after decreasing until the early 1990s. Most of the B. parapertussis isolates studied were similar to those circulating in France. However, some variants were observed, perhaps because B. parapertussis infections are more common in children in this area. PMID:12904379

  7. Urban growth and cultural identity; fractures and imbalances in heritage values: A case study of the island of Saint-Louis, Senegal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucía Martínez-Quintana

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available The island of Saint-Louis of Senegal was awarded the status of world heritage site by UNESCO in 2000 as an “outstanding example” of urban heritage. This island city comes with a unique heritage: development planning that combines a strong historical French influence with a gridiron urban morphology and building typology. The island must be interpreted within its total territorial context that includes both the island of Sor (on the mainland and La Langue de la Barberie, a sandy barrier that separates the mouth of the river from the sea. The city of Saint-Louis itself has grown enormously and haphazardly from the latter part of the 20th century: it is now the fourth most populous city in Senegal. At present, the city is undergoing a serious period of decline and recession due, in part, to the overriding influence of the capital, Dakar, and the centralized political forces in the country. This article looks at the key morphological and functional reasons behind the development and evolution of the island of Saint-Louis and that persist in the present context, with justifications for the deep-rooted heritage values that maintain its prestige as a World Heritage Site.

  8. Voir tous les projets | Page 2 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    attention accordée à la production alimentaire locale par les pays de la région. Région(s): Guyana, West Indies, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Trinidad and Tobago. Financement total : CA$ 5,000,000.00. Agroforesterie et alimentation des ...

  9. : tous les projets | Page 503 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Sujet: YOUTH UNEMPLOYMENT, YOUTH UNREST, TRAINING PROGRAMMES, INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY, YOUNG WORKERS. Région: North and Central America, South America, West Indies, Dominica, Grenada, Jamaica, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Trinidad and Tobago. Programme: Économies en ...

  10. International Disability Educational Alliance (IDEAnet)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-03-01

    Russia Uganda Bosnia and Herzegovina Georgia Macau SAR China Rwanda Ukraine Botswana Germany Macedonia Saint Kitts and Nevis United Arab Emirates...Brazil Ghana Madagascar Saint Lucia United Kingdom Brunei Gre ece Malaysia Saudi Arabia United States Bulgaria Gre nada Maldives Senegal Uruguay Burkina

  11. Emergência de Lafoensia pacari Saint. Hil. em diferentes substratos e tratamentos pré-germinativos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria de Fatima Barbosa Coelho

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available 800x600 Lafoensia pacari Saint Hil. é uma árvore utilizada na medicina popular na arborização urbana. Com objetivo de verificar o efeito de tratamentos pré-germinativos e substratos na germinação de sementes de L. pacari foram realizados dois experimentos em blocos casualizados com três repetições no esquema de parcela sub-dividida com sementes com dois períodos de armazenamento. Nas parcelas colocaram-se os substratos: (1 terra vegetal; (2 areia lavada; (3 vermiculita (4 terra vegetal+areia lavada (1:1; (5 terra vegetal + areia lavada (3:1 e nas sub-parcelas os pré-tratamentos: (1 sementes sem imersão em água; (2 sementes imersas em água por 12h e (3 sementes imersas em água por 24h. A maior percentagem de emergência ocorreu nas sementes pré-embebidas por 24h, e nos substratos vermiculita ou terra vegetal + areia (1:1. Houve perda do poder germinativo com o armazenamento Normal 0 21 false false false PT-BR X-NONE X-NONE MicrosoftInternetExplorer4

  12. Association between Pregnancy and Active Injection Drug Use and Sex Work among Women Injection Drug Users in Saint Petersburg, Russia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Girchenko, P; Ompad, D C; Bikmukhametov, D; Gensburg, L

    2015-06-01

    Widespread use of unsafe sexual practices among women injecting drugs both practicing and not practicing sex work leads to high levels of unplanned pregnancies in this population. The goal of this study was to investigate the association between pregnancy and active drug use and sex work. Data were collected using a convenience sample of 500 women in Saint Petersburg, Russia, in 2013. All women had recent experience of drug use, of which 200 were pregnant at the time of the study. The study consisted of a structured interview followed by a rapid HIV test. Pregnancy was protective against both active drug use and sex work. For HIV-positive women, these associations were stronger than for HIV-negative women: drug use prevalence ratio (PR) was 0.59 vs 0.85; for sex work, the PRs were 0.36 vs 0.64. Higher levels of education were associated with a lower prevalence ratio for active drug use and sex work in all models. Having children was not associated with active drug use or sex work. Pregnancy might be an optimal time for conducting interventions aimed at cessation of drug use and sex work among women injecting drugs.

  13. A Study Of Environmental Impacts On The Coral Resources In The Vicinity Of The Saint Martin Island Bangladesh

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shaikh Sayed Ahammed

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available A study of the environmental impacts on the coral resources in the vicinity of the Saint Martin Island Bangladesh was conducted with a view to making an assessment of the current status of coral resources in the island and identifying major natural and anthropogenic environmental threats to the future sustainability of these resources. It is evident that the coral resources have been reduced significantly and currently only 41 coral species are available. The existing environmental condition assessed by pH salinity turbidity and temperature in the island is not found responsible for the survival of the corals. The study also reveals that the major anthropogenic interventions are responsible for the gradual depletion of the coral resources. The major anthropogenic threats to the coral resources are coral collection and overfishing. In addition coral extraction is identified as a potential threat to the future integrity of coral communities in the island. Environmental threats from anthropogenic activities related to sedimentation land erosion and pollution are also the concerns for the coral communities in the island. For the conservation of the coral population no coral monitoring cell has been established in this island.

  14. Thiosemicarbazones and Phthalyl-Thiazoles compounds exert antiviral activity against yellow fever virus and Saint Louis encephalitis virus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pacca, Carolina Colombelli; Marques, Rafael Elias; Espindola, José Wanderlan P; Filho, Gevânio B O Oliveira; Leite, Ana Cristina Lima; Teixeira, Mauro Martins; Nogueira, Mauricio L

    2017-03-01

    Arboviruses, arthropod-borneviruses, are frequency associated to human outbreak and represent a serious health problem. The genus Flavivirus, such as Yellow Fever Virus (YFV) and Saint Louis Encephalitis Virus (SLEV), are important pathogens with high morbidity and mortality worldwide. In Brazil, YFV is maintained in sylvatic cycle, but many cases are notified annually, despite the efficiency of vaccine. SLEV causes an acute encephalitis and is widely distributed in the Americas. There is no specific antiviral drugs for these viruses, only supporting treatment that can alleviate symptoms and prevent complications. Here, we evaluated the potential anti-YFV and SLEV activity of a series of thiosemicarbazones and phthalyl-thiazoles. Plaque reduction assay, flow cytometry, immunofluorescence and cellular viability were used to test the compounds in vitro. Treated cells showed efficient inhibition of the viral replication at concentrations that presented minimal toxicity to cells. The assays showed that phthalyl-thiazole and phenoxymethyl-thiosemicarbazone reduced 60% of YFV replication and 75% of SLEV replication. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  15. The materials and techniques used in a baroque sculpture representing Saint Dominic from the Museum of Santa Maria de Lamas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carolina Barata

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available A polychrome wooden sculpture from the Museum of Santa Maria de Lamas (Northern Portugal, representing the image of Saint Dominic, produced in the first half of the 18th century, was studied for the identification of the materials and techniques employed in its fine modelling. Radiography was used for the study of the construction details of the wooden support, optical microscopy (OM and polarized light microscopy (PLM for the characterization of the paint layers and energy dispersive X-ray spectrometry (EDXRF, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR and microchemical tests for the identification of pigments and fillers.The identified materials were common to the period when the sculpture was made: gypsum, gold leaf, bole,white lead, brown ochre, vermillion, a black pigment made of carbon (possibly mixed with verdigris, used as a drier, a red lake and a calcium compound used as filler. However, regarding the techniques employed, and probably due to economic reasons, it seems that the recommended practice in art treatises and working contracts was not completely followed in what concerns the ground layers. Similar reasons appear to have caused the use of white lead mixed with a calcium compound, as a filler, in the less expressive areas, and should explain the fact that the estofado techniques (simulation of brocaded vestment have been limited to the visible areas at the front.

  16. Composition of the black crusts from the Saint Denis Basilica, France, as revealed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gaviño, Maria; Hermosin, Bernardo; Vergès-Belmin, Véronique; Nowik, Witold; Saiz-Jimenez, Cesareo

    2004-05-01

    The organic fraction of black crusts from Saint Denis Basilica, France, is composed of a complex mixture of aliphatic and aromatic compounds. These compounds were studied by two different analytical approaches: tetramethyl ammonium hydroxide (TMAH) thermochemolysis in combination with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS), and solvent extraction, fractionation by silica column, and identification of the fraction components by GC-MS. The first approach, feasible at the microscale level, is able to supply fairly general information on a wide range of compounds. Using the second approach, we were able to separate the complex mixture of compounds into four fractions, enabling a better identification of the extractable compounds. These compounds belong to different classes: aliphatic hydrocarbons (nalkanes, n-alkenes), aliphatic and aromatic carboxylic acids (n-fatty acids, alpha,omega-dicarboxylic acids, and benzenecarboxylic acids), polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH), and molecular biomarkers (isoprenoid hydrocarbons, diterpenoids, and triterpenoids). With each approach, similar classes of compounds were identified, although TMAH thermochemolysis failed to identify compounds present at low concentrations in black crusts. The two proposed methodological approaches are complementary, particularly in the study of polar fractions.

  17. Does TEC react to a sudden impulse as a whole? The 2015 Saint Patrick's day storm event

    Science.gov (United States)

    Piersanti, M.; Cesaroni, C.; Spogli, L.; Alberti, T.

    2017-10-01

    We provide insights about how the Total Electron Content (TEC), derived by a network of Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) receivers over the European longitudinal sector, reacts to a Sudden Impulse (SI). In particular, we investigate how the different components of the TEC variability relates with the ionospheric currents, derived by ground magnetometers and the Piersanti and Villante (2016) model, during the 2015 Saint Patrick's Day storm. To identify the different TEC components, we apply the Ensemble Empirical Mode Decomposition (EEMD) analysis to vertical TEC (vTEC) time series to isolate its SI-related variations over co-located GNSS receiver-magnetometer couples. With such an approach, we were able to identify for the first time a peculiar vTEC mode (WHT∗, T ≃ 45 min) switching on during the SI and propagating southward with a velocity of ∼1.5 km/s. We also found a linear relationship between the estimated ionospheric current and the temporal fluctuations of WHT∗ for both the Preliminary Impulse (PI) and the Main Impulse (MI). The slope has been found to depend only on the electron charge, on the magnetic permeability and on the altitude of the ionospheric E-layer, as expected from first principles equations and as discussed in details.

  18. Monitoring spatial and temporal variations of surface albedo on Saint Sorlin Glacier (French Alps using terrestrial photography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Dumont

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Accurate knowledge of temperate glacier mass balance is essential to understand the relationship between glacier and climate. Defined as the reflected fraction of incident radiation over the whole solar spectrum, the surface broadband albedo is one of the most important variable in a glacier's mass balance. This study presents a new method to retrieve the albedo of frozen surfaces from terrestrial photography at visible and near infrared wavelengths. This method accounts for the anisotropic reflectance of snow and ice surfaces and uses a radiative transfer model for narrow-to-broadband conversion. The accuracy of the method was assessed using concomitant measurements of albedo during the summers 2008 and 2009 on Saint Sorlin Glacier (Grandes Rousses, France. These albedo measurements are performed at two locations on the glacier, one in the ablation area and the other in the accumulation zone, with a net radiometer Kipp and Zonen CNR1. The main sources of uncertainty are associated with the presence of high clouds and the georeferencing of the photographs.

  19. St. Valentine--patron saint of epilepsy: illustrating the semiology of seizures over the course of six centuries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kluger, Gerhard; Kudernatsch, Verena

    2009-01-01

    From the 15th century to the present day, Christian art has portrayed people who suffer from epilepsy as attributes in illustrations of Saint Valentine (SV). The objective of our study was to interpret the works of art from a modern epileptological perspective on the basis of a collection of portrayals of SV in Europe that was as comprehensive as possible. The people depicted as attributes were analyzed with respect to their age, gender, social status, and possible seizure semiology. Three hundred forty-one illustrations of SV from Austria, Belgium, Croatia, Czech Republic, France, Germany, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Poland, Scotland, Slovakia, and Switzerland were systematically analyzed. Irrespective of the age of the work of art, among the 143 pictures of people with possible epilepsy characteristics, there were more males than females from various levels of society. As far as could be interpreted, there were 17 infants, 35 children, 7 adolescents, and 84 adults. With respect to possible seizure semiology, infantile spasms (n=10), atonic seizures (n=13), tonic seizures (n=53), absences (n=2), psychogenic seizures (n=4), and postictal or undefinable states (n=61) were differentiated in a subjective assessment. Despite the fact that from a modern perspective, the 15th to 20th centuries in Europe seemed to be dominated by a rather superstitious attitude toward epilepsy, there is striking accuracy in the detail of the semiology in many of the historic portrayals, and a well-founded knowledge of epilepsy is apparent.

  20. Brevibacterium picturae sp. nov., isolated from a damaged mural painting at the Saint-Catherine chapel (Castle Herberstein, Austria).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heyrman, Jeroen; Verbeeren, Jens; Schumann, Peter; Devos, Joke; Swings, Jean; De Vos, Paul

    2004-09-01

    Three strains showing highly similar (GTG)5-PCR patterns were isolated from a heavily damaged mural painting at the Saint-Catherine chapel (Castle Herberstein, Austria). On the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity, the strains were attributed to Brevibacterium, with Brevibacterium casei (96.7 %), Brevibacterium iodinum (96.7 %) and Brevibacterium linens (96.6 %) as the closest related species. Chemotaxonomic data [peptidoglycan contains meso-diaminopimelic acid; mycolic acids absent; MK-8(H2) as the major menaquinone; polar lipids phosphatidylglycerol and diphosphatidylglycerol present; anteiso-C(15 : 0) and anteiso-C(17 : 0) as major fatty acids] supported the affiliation of the strains to the genus Brevibacterium. Additional physiological and biochemical tests confirmed the taxonomic position of the strains and allowed phenotypic differentiation from Brevibacterium species with validly published names. The isolates from the mural painting, therefore, represent a novel species, for which the name Brevibacterium picturae sp. nov. is proposed, with LMG 22061T (= DSM 16132T) as the type strain.

  1. Free Competition Theory and the secret agreements between companies. Saint-Gobain under the charges of cartel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andreas STAMATE

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The European view of economic competition, which is the European Parliament view and enforced by the European Commission does not have a coherent theory of efficiency in allocating resources and justice on a market. The positive law proceeds at incriminating and penalizing with arbitrarily fixed fines the players on different markets but not offering a definition of what competition or free market means, not to mention a theory of the firm. It delivers, of course, a sort of theory, but we argue that it is not coherent and moreover, pretends to be what it cannot possible be, nam¬ely free of any value judgments. The present paper exposes an alternative view to the theory used by EC when decided to fine with 1.4 billion euros the European car glass suppliers Saint-Gobain, Pilkington, AGC and Soliver for cartelizing, and it also presents the case from the perspective of free competition theory based on private property rights of owners.

  2. SOWING IN TEARS AND REAPING IN JOY: PSALM 125. 5–6 IN THE INTERPRETATION OF SAINT AUGUSTINE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergey Stepantsov

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Saint Augustine of Hippo often quoted the last verses of the 125th psalm and several times meditated its content in his tractates and sermons. The author of this article examines a selection of these citations, in which the verses are not only quoted but also, both directly and indirectly, commented upon. In his exposition of the Epistle to the Galatians, Augustine merely mentions the fact of the possibility of a spiritual understanding of the passage. The most thorough and most complete exposition of this passage is found in Augustine’s 31st Homily. This exposition is actually more thematic than exegetical. The main points of this homily include the idea of an explanation of the various reasons for tears shed by people during their earthly lives (the tears of martyrs, the tears deriving from earthly pains and sorrows, the tears of a just man separated from his God. But the most profound interpretation of these psalm verses is found in Augustines’s exposition of Psalm 125 (11–13. Here Augustine enumerates all the good actions which he considers to be symbolized by the idea of sowing (almsgiving, aid rendered through deed, aid rendered through word, the mere desire to render aid. At the same time, Augustine does not develop in this exposition the idea of forgiving offences as a type of almsgiving. On the other hand he reveals the essence of good works as charity and the Goal of those who practise good works as the union of the faithful soul with Christ. The author includes a Russian translation of the 31st homily at the end of his article.

  3. An ARHGEF10 deletion is highly associated with a juvenile-onset inherited polyneuropathy in Leonberger and Saint Bernard dogs.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kari J Ekenstedt

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available An inherited polyneuropathy (PN observed in Leonberger dogs has clinical similarities to a genetically heterogeneous group of peripheral neuropathies termed Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT disease in humans. The Leonberger disorder is a severe, juvenile-onset, chronic, progressive, and mixed PN, characterized by exercise intolerance, gait abnormalities and muscle atrophy of the pelvic limbs, as well as inspiratory stridor and dyspnea. We mapped a PN locus in Leonbergers to a 250 kb region on canine chromosome 16 (Praw = 1.16×10-10, Pgenome, corrected = 0.006 utilizing a high-density SNP array. Within this interval is the ARHGEF10 gene, a member of the rho family of GTPases known to be involved in neuronal growth and axonal migration, and implicated in human hypomyelination. ARHGEF10 sequencing identified a 10 bp deletion in affected dogs that removes four nucleotides from the 3'-end of exon 17 and six nucleotides from the 5'-end of intron 17 (c.1955_1958+6delCACGGTGAGC. This eliminates the 3'-splice junction of exon 17, creates an alternate splice site immediately downstream in which the processed mRNA contains a frame shift, and generates a premature stop codon predicted to truncate approximately 50% of the protein. Homozygosity for the deletion was highly associated with the severe juvenile-onset PN phenotype in both Leonberger and Saint Bernard dogs. The overall clinical picture of PN in these breeds, and the effects of sex and heterozygosity of the ARHGEF10 deletion, are less clear due to the likely presence of other forms of PN with variable ages of onset and severity of clinical signs. This is the first documented severe polyneuropathy associated with a mutation in ARHGEF10 in any species.

  4. Carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus fluxes in household ecosystems in the Minneapolis-Saint Paul, Minnesota, urban region.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fissore, C; Baker, L A; Hobbie, S E; King, J Y; McFadden, J P; Nelson, K C; Jakobsdottir, I

    2011-04-01

    Rapid worldwide urbanization calls for a better understanding of the biogeochemical cycling of those macroelements that have large environmental impacts in cities. This study, part of the Twin Cities Household Ecosystem Project, quantified fluxes of carbon (C), nitrogen (N), and phosphorus (P) at the scale of individual households in the Minneapolis-Saint Paul metropolitan area in Minnesota, USA. We estimated input and output fluxes associated with several components of household activities including air and motor vehicle travel, food consumption, home energy use, landscape, pets, and paper and plastic use for 360 owner-occupied, stand-alone households. A few component fluxes dominated total input fluxes of elements. For instance, air and motor vehicle transportation, together with home energy use, accounted for 85% of total C consumption and emissions. All total and component fluxes were skewed to varying degrees, suggesting that policies targeting disproportionately high fluxes could be an effective and efficient way to reduce pollution. For example, 20% of households contributed 75% of air travel emissions and 40% of motor vehicle emissions. Home energy use was more nearly normally distributed. Nitrogen fluxes were dominated by human diet and lawn fertilizer applications, which together accounted for 65% of total household N inputs. The majority of P inputs were associated with human diet, use of detergents, and pet food. A large portion of the variation among household fluxes of C, N, and P was related to a few biophysical variables. A better understanding of the biophysical, demographic, and behavioral drivers of household activities that contribute to C, N, and P fluxes is pivotal for developing accurate urban biogeochemical models and for informing policies aimed at reducing sources of pollution in urban ecosystems.

  5. Evaluation of Codisposal Viability for TH/U Carbide (Fort Saint Vrain HTGR) DOE-Owned Fuel

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    H. radulescu

    2001-09-28

    There are more than 250 forms of US Department of Energy (DOE)-owned spent nuclear fuel (SNF). Due to the variety of the spent nuclear fuel, the National Spent Nuclear Fuel Program has designated nine representative fuel groups for disposal criticality analyses based on fuel matrix, primary fissile isotope, and enrichment. The Fort Saint Vrain reactor (FSVR) SNF has been designated as the representative fuel for the Th/U carbide fuel group. The FSVR SNF consists of small particles (spheres of the order of 0.5-mm diameter) of thorium carbide or thorium and high-enriched uranium carbide mixture, coated with multiple, thin layers of pyrolytic carbon and silicon carbide, which serve as miniature pressure vessels to contain fission products and the U/Th carbide matrix. The coated particles are bound in a carbonized matrix, which forms fuel rods or ''compacts'' that are loaded into large hexagonal graphite prisms. The graphite prisms (or blocks) are the physical forms that are handled in reactor loading and unloading operations, and which will be loaded into the DOE standardized SNF canisters. The results of the analyses performed will be used to develop waste acceptance criteria. The items that are important to criticality control are identified based on the analysis needs and result sensitivities. Prior to acceptance to fuel from the Th/U carbide fuel group for disposal, the important items for the fuel types that are being considered for disposal under the Th/U carbide fuel group must be demonstrated to satisfy the conditions determined in this report.

  6. Ghost shrimp Calliax de Saint Laurent, 1973 (Decapoda: Axiidea: Callianassidae) in the fossil record: systematics, palaeoecology and palaeobiogeography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hyžný, Matúš; Gašparič, Rok

    2014-06-19

    Ghost shrimps of the family Callianassidae are very common in the fossil record, but mostly as isolated cheliped elements only. The assignment to biologically defined genera, diagnosed on the basis of soft part morphology, is thus rather difficult. In this respect, proxy characters present on chelipeds that are the most durable ghost shrimp remains are needed to ascribe fossil material to extant genera. The genus Calliax de Saint Laurent, 1973 has been particularly obscure in this respect. Thorough comparison of extant members of the genus resulted in evaluation of characters present on chelipeds being taxonomically important on the genus level, specifically: 1) rectangular major P1 propodus with two ridges on the base of the fixed finger extending onto manus; 2) major P1 fingers relatively short; and 3) minor P1 chela with dactylus longer than fixed finger and possessing a wide gap between fingers. On this basis, Callianassa michelottii A. Milne Edwards, 1860, from the Oligocene and Miocene of Europe is herein reassigned to Calliax. Further re-examination of the ghost shrimp fossil record revealed that C. szobensis Müller, 1984, from the Middle Miocene of Hungary represents the same animal as C. michelottii and they are synomymised herein. The known geographic distribution of C. michelottii is expanded by the first confirmed occurrence of the species in Slovakia. All occurrences of C. michelottii known to date are reviewed and documented. The presence of Calliax michelottii comb. nov. may be considered an indicator of deeper marine settings. Based on the scarce fossil record known to date, Calliax has a Tethyan origin; it supposedly migrated westward to establish present day communities in the Caribbean sometime before the Middle Miocene.

  7. [The Saint-Petersburg summit of Group of Eight: the problems of infectious diseases and the ways of their solution].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Onishchenko, G G

    2008-01-01

    In 2006, being the presiding country at the Group of Eight Summit for the first time, Russia proposed the issue of counteraction with infectious diseases as one of the priority issues. In addition to the realization of the priority National Health Project, which is to a large degree dedicated to the immunoprophylaxis of infectious diseases as well as the prevention and treatment of HIV-infection/AIDS and hepatites B and C, a meeting of the Presidium of Russian Federation State Council presided by President V. V. Putin, dedicated to the problem of HIV-infection epidemic spread, was held on April 21; the meeting resulted in the formation of Governmental Commission on the problems of HIV-infection/AIDS. On July 16, the leaders of Group of Eight during their meeting in Saint-Petersburg, discussed and validated the Declaration on counteraction with infectious diseases, reflecting the position of the leaders on the entire complex of problems connected with the spread of infectious diseases, and determining the main principles of the global strategy of counteraction with epidemics under the threats associated with the appearance of new infections, such as avian influenza, HIV-infection/AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria. While preparing for the Summit, Russia made a range of suggestion aimed mostly on the reinforcement of possibilities to control infectious diseases in Eastern Europe and Central Asia. Practically all Russia's initiatives were supported by the partners, which was also reflected in the conclusive document of the Summit. Following Russian initiatives, Group of Eight intends to increase the effectiveness of international affords on the prevention and elimination of the consequences of natural disasters, including the use of fast response teams. To provide Russia's contribution to this initiative, modernized specialized antiepidemic teams will be used. Taking into consideration the present-day financial participation of Russian Federation in the realization of

  8. SCAN TO BIM FOR 3D RECONSTRUCTION OF THE PAPAL BASILICA OF SAINT FRANCIS IN ASSISI IN ITALY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. G. Angelini

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available The historical building heritage, present in the most of Italian cities centres, is, as part of the construction sector, a working potential, but unfortunately it requires planning of more complex and problematic interventions. However, policies to support on the existing interventions, together with a growing sensitivity for the recovery of assets, determine the need to implement specific studies and to analyse the specific problems of each site. The purpose of this paper is to illustrate the methodology and the results obtained from integrated laser scanning activity in order to have precious architectural information useful not only from the cultural heritage point of view but also to construct more operative and powerful tools, such as BIM (Building Information Modelling aimed to the management of this cultural heritage. The Papal Basilica and the Sacred Convent of Saint Francis in Assisi in Italy are, in fact, characterized by unique and complex peculiarities, which require a detailed knowledge of the sites themselves to ensure visitor’s security and safety. For such a project, we have to take in account all the people and personnel normally present in the site, visitors with disabilities and finally the needs for cultural heritage preservation and protection. This aim can be reached using integrated systems and new technologies, such as Internet of Everything (IoE, capable of connecting people, things (smart sensors, devices and actuators; mobile terminals; wearable devices; etc., data/information/knowledge and processes to reach the desired goals. The IoE system must implement and support an Integrated Multidisciplinary Model for Security and Safety Management (IMMSSM for the specific context, using a multidisciplinary approach.

  9. Scan to Bim for 3d Reconstruction of the Papal Basilica of Saint Francis in Assisi in Italy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Angelini, M. G.; Baiocchi, V.; Costantino, D.; Garzia, F.

    2017-05-01

    The historical building heritage, present in the most of Italian cities centres, is, as part of the construction sector, a working potential, but unfortunately it requires planning of more complex and problematic interventions. However, policies to support on the existing interventions, together with a growing sensitivity for the recovery of assets, determine the need to implement specific studies and to analyse the specific problems of each site. The purpose of this paper is to illustrate the methodology and the results obtained from integrated laser scanning activity in order to have precious architectural information useful not only from the cultural heritage point of view but also to construct more operative and powerful tools, such as BIM (Building Information Modelling) aimed to the management of this cultural heritage. The Papal Basilica and the Sacred Convent of Saint Francis in Assisi in Italy are, in fact, characterized by unique and complex peculiarities, which require a detailed knowledge of the sites themselves to ensure visitor's security and safety. For such a project, we have to take in account all the people and personnel normally present in the site, visitors with disabilities and finally the needs for cultural heritage preservation and protection. This aim can be reached using integrated systems and new technologies, such as Internet of Everything (IoE), capable of connecting people, things (smart sensors, devices and actuators; mobile terminals; wearable devices; etc.), data/information/knowledge and processes to reach the desired goals. The IoE system must implement and support an Integrated Multidisciplinary Model for Security and Safety Management (IMMSSM) for the specific context, using a multidisciplinary approach.

  10. Deposition of albuterol aerosol generated by pneumatic nebulizer in the Sophia Anatomical Infant Nose-Throat (SAINT) model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laube, Beth L; Sharpless, Gail; Shermer, Charles; Nasir, Omer; Sullivan, Vincent; Powell, Kenneth

    2010-08-01

    To quantify distribution of albuterol aerosol generated by a pneumatic nebulizer within the nose and lungs of a model of a 9-month-old child (SAINT) and aerosol loss to the environment, during simulated breathing at increasing tidal volumes (TVs). (99m)technetium-labeled albuterol aerosol was generated by an IPI nebulizer with face-mask. Deposition was quantified as a percentage of emitted dose using gamma scintigraphy. Lung deposition was similar for all TVs, averaging 7.17 +/- 0.01%, 9.34 +/- 0.01% and 9.41 +/- 0.02% at 50, 100 and 200 mL TV, respectively. In contrast, nose deposition increased significantly with TV, averaging 4.40 +/- 0.02%, 11.39 +/- 0.02% and 22.12 +/- 0.02% at 50 mL, 100 mL and 200 mL TV, respectively (all p < 0.0167). Aerosol loss to the environment was significantly lower at 200 mL TV (53.81 +/- 0.04%), compared to 50 mL (71.99 +/- 0.02%) (p < 0.0167). Our results suggest that nasal deposition of albuterol aerosol generated by a pneumatic nebulizer in 9-month-old infants may be significantly affected by changes in TV, ranging between 50 to 200 mL, whereas total lung deposition may not be affected. These results also predict that environmental losses would be highest when administering to a child breathing at 50 mL TV. These data should be useful to companies who are working to improve aerosol delivery systems to treat infants.

  11. ‘When Going to Saint James’: An Old Russian Graffito from the 12th Century in Aquitania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexander M. Gordin

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available In 2015 in Pons, in the former province of Saintonge, an Old Russian pilgrim graffito was found on the wall of the parish church of St. Vivien, a monument of the mid-12th century. It is the second graffito found in France after the one discovered at St. Gilles Abbey. The town of Pons is located on the westernmost route of Santiago de Compostela (via Turonensis and is noteworthy because of the preserved pilgrim almshouse of the latter half of the 12th century. On the walls of its long archway are horseshoe drawings made by medieval pilgrims, the latest of which, dating from the 16th–17th centuries, bends around a name that is also apparently written in Cyrillic script. The earlier inscription, which appears at the base of the northern end wall of the original façade of the St. Vivien church, is made in the name of one Ivan Zavidovich: “Ivano ps[а]lo Zavi|doviche ida ko | svętomu Ię|kovu” (= ‘Ivan Zavidovich wrote this when going to Saint James’. The most probable palaeographic dating is in the 1160s–1180s. As suggested by birch bark manuscripts, the name of Ivan’s father, Zavid, was popular among Novgorod boyars. Novgorod is also the place with the greatest indirect evidence of the occurrence in Old Russia of the western cult of St. James. This well preserved inscription is an important epigraphic discovery, but its main value lies in the direct evidence of pilgrimages by Russians to the shrine of St. James in Galicia.

  12. Campaign of complementary investigation on the old mining site of Saint-Pierre (Cantal) 2. part of the relative expertise at the radiological situation of the site; Campagne d'investigations complementaires sur l'ancien site minier de Saint Pierre (Cantal) Volet 2 de l'expertise relative a l'etat radiologique du site

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2007-07-01

    The C.L.I. of Saint-Pierre which was held on May 19., 2006 in Mauriac (Cantal) confirmed the program of additional investigations to be collectively led by the I.R.S.N. and the C.R.I.I.R.A.D. on Saint Pierre site. Main directions are the following ones: realize additional analyses on the drainages of water; measure the external exposure on 14 plots of land; measure the flux of radon at the ground level and radon inside houses; realize investigations on the food chain. The present report reports campaigns of sampling realized by the I.R.S.N. in 2006 as well as analyses led in its laboratories. (N.C.)

  13. Le Cosmos d'Alexandre von Humboldt et La Tentation de saint Antoine de Gustave Flaubert : deux œuvres de toute une vie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mary Orr

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Dans le septième et dernier tableau de La Tentation de saint Antoine de 1874, la fin célèbre est mise en contexte par une description longue et détaillée qui n’a jamais attiré l’attention critique qu’elle mérite. Cet article analyse l’importance de ce panorama du monde naturel sous la forme d’une exploration intertextuelle des passages du Cosmos d’Alexandre de Humboldt. Que Flaubert signale ses lectures de l’œuvre de Humboldt dans sa Correspondance de 1860 suggère des liens très riches entre Le Cosmos – que Humboldt désigne comme « l’œuvre de ma vie » – et la Tentation de saint Antoine définitive que Flaubert retravaillait au même moment. Cette relecture de La Tentation à travers la perspective de Humboldt souligne la place importante du Cosmos parmi les découvertes et les textes scientifiques contemporains de Flaubert, et la manière dont ceux-ci informent la vision de la vie scientifique et religieuse de son protagoniste, Antoine.In the seventh and final tableau of the Tentation de Saint Antoine of 1874, the famous finale is set in the context of a long, detailed description which has not attracted the critical attention it deserves. This article focuses on the importance of this panorama of the natural world as an intertextual exploration of passages from Kosmos by Alexander von Humboldt. The fact that Flaubert’s Correspondance of 1860 mentions his reading of Humboldt’s works suggests rich lines of investigation between Kosmos – which Humboldt calls the « work of all of life » and the final Tentation de Saint Antoine,which Flaubert was reworking at the same moment. This re-reading of the Tentation through the optic of Humboldt underscores the pivotal position of Kosmos amid the scientific discoveries and texts contemporary to Flaubert, and how these inform the vision of life of his protagonist, Antoine, as scientific and religious.

  14. Saint-Exupéryho Malý princ jako morální výzva a naděje.

    OpenAIRE

    ZÁVOROVÁ, Marta

    2011-01-01

    In my diploma thesis titled Saint-Exupéry´s Little Prince as a moral challenge and hope I deal with ethical issues and moral principles which are losing their meaning and perhaps also an importance for many fellow citizens in today´s hectic time. A morality of a person depends on morals throughout the society to which an individual belongs. A penetration of philosophical themes about the meaning of life in the Little Prince helps a reader to orient himself and to think about the life itself. ...

  15. The Relation Between Religiosity and Late-Life Depression in a Community Sample of Members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints

    OpenAIRE

    Franklin, Lynn Marie

    2005-01-01

    A secondary analysis of extant data from The Cache County Study on Memory Health and Aging (CCSMHA), this study examines the association between religiosity and new-onset depression between baseline and 4-year follow-up interviews in a sample of 1,439 community-dwelling elderly members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS), aged 65 to I 00. Logistic regression models found that church attendance, voluntarism in religious groups, and direct experiences of God occurring more ...

  16. The evaluation of RADARSAT images for the period following the ice breakup of hydro-electric reservoirs in the Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean area, spring 1997; Evaluation d`images RADARSAT pour le suivi du degel des grands reservoirs hydro-electriques de la region du Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean, printemps 1977

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lemieux, G.H.; Carrier, A.; Begin, D.; Begin, R. [Quebec Univ., Chicoutimi, PQ (Canada)

    1998-12-31

    The results of a study to evaluate the use of RADARSAT images for the period following the progress of the 1997 spring ice breakup on several hydro-electric reservoirs of the Saguenay - Lac Saint-Jean region were presented. Following the catastrophic floods of 1996, the remote sensing laboratory of the Universite du Quebec at Chicoutimi acquired six RADARSAT images of the Saguenay - Lac Saint-Jean region. Three of the images were in high-resolution mode, the others were in wide-angle mode. The images were used to evaluate the evolution of the spring ice breakup on the region`s numerous hydro-electric reservoirs, in particular the Lac Saint-Jean, Kenogami, Pipmuacan and Manouane reservoirs. Image filtering and compression methods were described. The results indicate that ice breakup which starts first in the west of the region, occurs initially at the mouths of rivers, followed by the beds of ancient rivers. Multi-date images show very high potential for evaluating and monitoring spring breakup.

  17. [Difficulties with contraception and voluntary pregnancy termination: a survey carried out at the hopital Saint-Louis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Serfaty, D; Dreyfus, R; Chemama, D

    1986-06-01

    A 1985 prospective study at the Saint-Louis Hospital in Paris indicated that 138 of 252 abortions (53.8%), were associated with problems of contraception and 114 were not. The percentages of cases involving problems with contraception varied from 34% to 58.2% according to the physicians participating in the study. Despite the very subjective nature of the estimates, at least 1/3 of abortions at this hospital are associated with difficulties in contraception. In 64 of 138 cases, the problems were caused by psychological factors, including ambivalent desire for pregnancy in 24 cases, psychological refusal of contraception in 15 cases, psychological immaturity in 4 cases, various psychological problems in 4 cases, and a psychological factor associated with some other difficulty in 17 cases. Among the various psychological problems were 1 woman using abortion as a contraceptive method who had undergone 9 abortions and 1 case of cultural resistance to contraception. Among the 17 cases where the psychological problem was associated with some other difficulty there were 7 cases of ambivalent desire for pregnancy, 4 cases of psychological refusal of contraception, and 6 cases of various psychological problems. Among these cases, available contraceptive methods were contraindicated or poorly tolerated apart from the psychological difficulty. Among the 74 cases of contraceptive difficulty not associated with psychological factors were: 12 cases of nulliparity and nontoleration of combined oral contraceptives (OCs); 22 cases of nulliparity and OCs contraindicated or inadvisable; 22 cases of OCs and IUDs contraindicated, inadvisable, or refused; 5 cases of IUD failure with OCs not possible; 2 cases of failure of local methods with other methods not possible; and 11 cases of various difficulties including 4 of difficulties of communication for linguistic reasons and 7 cases of repeated forgetting or incorrect taking of pills. It is not known whether the 252 cases in this survey

  18. Reliability, validity and responsiveness to change of the Saint George's Respiratory Questionnaire in early diffuse cutaneous systemic sclerosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wallace, Beth; Kafaja, Suzanne; Furst, Daniel E; Berrocal, Veronica J; Merkel, Peter A; Seibold, James R; Mayes, Maureen D; Khanna, Dinesh

    2015-08-01

    Dyspnoea is a common, multifactorial source of functional impairment among patients with dcSSc. Our objective was to assess the reliability, construct validity and responsiveness to change of the Saint George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ) in patients with early dcSSc participating in a multicentre prospective study. At enrolment and 1 year, patients completed the SGRQ (a multi-item instrument with four scales: symptoms, activity, impact and total), a visual analogue scale (VAS) for breathing and the HAQ Disability Index (HAQ-DI) and underwent 6 min walk distance and pulmonary function tests, physician and patient global health assessments and high-resolution CT (HRCT). We assessed internal consistency reliability using Cronbach's α. For validity we examined the ability of the SGRQ to differentiate the presence vs absence of interstitial lung disease (ILD) on HRCT or restrictive lung disease and evaluated the 1 year responsiveness to change using pulmonary function tests and patient- and physician-reported anchors. Correlation coefficients of 0.24-0.36 were considered moderate and >0.37 was considered large. A total of 177 patients were evaluated. Reliability was satisfactory for all SGRQ scales (0.70-0.93). All scales showed large correlations with the VAS for breathing and diffusing capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide in the overall cohort and in the subgroup with ILD. Three of the four scales in the overall cohort and the total scale in the ILD subgroup showed moderate to large correlation with the HAQ-DI and the predicted forced vital capacity (r = 0.33-0.44). Each scale discriminated between the presence and absence of ILD and restrictive lung disease (P ≤ 0.0001-0.03). At follow-up, all scales were responsive to change using different anchors. The SGRQ has acceptable reliability, construct validity and responsiveness to change for use in a dcSSc population and differentiates between patients with and without ILD. © The Author 2015. Published by

  19. Analysis of the media coverage characteristics on radiation safety issues of the Saint-Petersburg and the Leningrad region population

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. M. Biblin

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the study was to examine the quantity and quality of publications on radiation safety of the population in the media on the example of Saint Petersburg and the Leningrad region for the period of the first three-quarters of 2016. An analysis of publications in the media is an essential part of the work on the formation of an adequate perception of the radiation risk by the population. The Information and Analytical Centre of Rospotrebnadzor on radiation safety of the population developed a pilot computer-assisted system for the media publication analysis. The study was performed by this system as a development and improvement of the Center’s works applicable to the registration, storage, and analysis of qualitative and quantitative information contained in the publications. The author selected 27 mass-media sources for analysis: 8 newspapers (2 of them are located in Sosnoviy Bor; 8 TV-channels (4 – federal, 2 – regional, 2 – local in Sosnoviy Bor; 10 online media and the web-site of the Sosnoviy Bor administration. During the analyzed period, 1075 informational materials on issues of radiation safety were collected and added to the database. The largest number of publications were in the second quarter of 2016. The peak of publication activity on issues of radiation safety was registered in April. This fact is related to the 30th anniversary of the Chernobyl accident. A significant part (over 50% of the publications were neutral in all media and in different types of media. A significant part of the publications is a brief informational note with the neutral nature of the character of the information. The number of materials with negative character of information among the publications on the subject of “radioactive waste” is more than 2 times larger than that for the publications on the subject of “nuclear energy”. The majority of publications belongs to the information genre. Analytical materials are a minor part

  20. Thorea violacea Bory de Saint-Vincent (Thoreaceae, Rhodophyceae: en una surgencia del Marjal Pego-Oliva, Comunidad Valenciana. Nueva cita para la flora algal española

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Egidos, Ana Isabel

    2002-06-01

    Full Text Available Thorea violacea Bory de Saint-Vincent is reported for the first time for Spanish continental algal flora in a saline spring from "Marjal" of Oliva-Pego (Valencia Community. Morphological and ecological data of the material collected are presented.Se realiza un estudio morfológico y ecológico de Thorea violacea Bory de Saint-Vincent, recolectada por primera vez para la flora algal continental española en una surgencia salina del Marjal de Pego-Oliva, en la Comunidad Valenciana.

  1. The connotations of the Old Testament Idea of The Rest of Israel in reference to the Church from the Gospel according to Saint Matthew

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dariusz Adamczyk

    2006-12-01

    The Church in the Gospel according to Saint Matthew was presented in comparison to the Israeli nation; it illustrates the contrast in relation to the former, unfaithful nation. However there exists the connection between Israel in The Old Testament, and The Jesus’ Church. The new God’s nation appears on the base of the former Jewish national and religious community. Therefore this church is rather the continuation of the former Israel. The true Israel observed the Jesus’ teachings. The new God’s nation deserves to be called the real Israel with regard to the unification of its members with God by the baptism and obedience before God. The Church is both the actualization and the realization of the Heavenly Kingdom on earth. Saint Peter is the foundation of the new Messianic nation. His task is to lead man to the God’s Kingdom, which is also the main idea of the activity of the Church. It is the dynamic reality, which will be fully manifested in the final times. The Christians are The New Rest. It is the people, whose task consists in the creation of the new perfect God’s nation.

  2. Antinous: Saint or Criminal?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Heede, Dag

    2017-01-01

    An exploration of the Antinous myth in early modern Danish homosexual literature and drama around 1800, including interpretations of two forgotten dramas: "Hadrian" by Konrad Simonsen and "Antinous" by Palle Rosenkrantz.......An exploration of the Antinous myth in early modern Danish homosexual literature and drama around 1800, including interpretations of two forgotten dramas: "Hadrian" by Konrad Simonsen and "Antinous" by Palle Rosenkrantz....

  3. Not Saint Darwin

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Admin

    A frican slave),geology and other topics in `naturalhis- tory' (basically all the sciences, but particularly those to do w ith biology and geology). A fter the fam ous voyage on H M S B eagle, D arw in ..... h a n d , sex u a l selectio n , th e stru g g le fo r ex isten ce a n d b io - geographic distribution are positive hypotheses, w hile.

  4. Saint Peter-Butovo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrey Poklonsky

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The Moscow scandal concerning Southern Butovo leads to a certain “divide” between the different stages of development in our civil society. The new Housing Code, which maintenance is directly associated with the fussing around high-density development and land relations in the cities, has been a final document in the complex of regulations – the Civil Code, the Land Code, the Town Planning Code etc. These documents have defined the legal space to master. Then our cities will become property of the citizens, but not of the elite representatives, officials and deputies delegated to the governing bodies. In his interview for “New Peterburg” newspaper (2006 Vladimir Pavlov expressed his thoughts about the matters of property and the owners, the land use and the authorities. He thinks that the real estates and their owners need a new system of relations between each other.

  5. Du travailleur au malade : retour sur la reconstitution du parcours professionnel de patients atteints de cancer en Seine-Saint-Denis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Flaviene Lanna

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Le Groupement d’intérêt scientifique sur les cancers d’origine professionnelle en Seine Saint Denis – Giscop93 – mène depuis 2002 une enquête permanente sur les expositions aux cancérogènes dans l’activité de travail et sur la reconnaissance de ces cancers comme maladies professionnelles. La première étape de l’enquête consiste en une reconstitution fine du parcours professionnel du patient par un entretien qualitatif dont le compte-rendu sera analysé par un collège d’experts afin d’identifier des éventuelles expositions. Cet article s’intéresse à la méthode utilisée pour reconstituer les parcours professionnels et cherche à montrer quelques unes des dimensions sociales jouant un rôle dans la construction du récit que livre le patient.Since 2002, Giscop93 (working out of Seine Saint Denis, a northern suburb of Paris has conducted an ongoing survey into occupational exposure to carcinogens and whether these cancers qualify for workers’ compensation. The first stage consists of a subtle reconstruction of a patient’s job history based on a qualitative interview analyzed subsequently by industrial health experts looking to identify possible exposures. The article also looks at the method used to reconstruct individual job histories and tries to show some of the social dimensions that play a role in constructing a patient’s narrative.El Grupo de interés científico sobre los cánceres de origen profesional en Seine-Saint-Denis (Giscop93 realiza desde 2002 un estudio permanente sobre las exposiciones a los cancerígenos en la actividad laboral y sobre el reconocimiento de esos cánceres como enfermedades profesionales. La primera etapa del estudio consiste en una reconstitución fina de la trayectoria profesional del paciente a través de una entrevista cualitativa tras la cual se elabora un informe que es analizado por un colegio de expertos con el fin de identificar eventuales exposiciones. En este art

  6. Inhibition of Corneal Neovascularization with the Combination of Bevacizumab and Plasmid Pigment Epithelium-Derived Factor-Synthetic Amphiphile INTeraction-18 (p-PEDF-SAINT-18 Vector in a Rat Corneal Experimental Angiogenesis Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ching-Hsein Chen

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Bevacizumab, a 149-kDa protein, is a recombinant humanized monoclonal antibody to VEGF. PEDF, a 50-kDa glycoprotein, has demonstrated anti-vasopermeability properties. In this study, we demonstrated that the combination of bevacizumab and plasmid pigment epithelium-derived factor-synthetic amphiphile INTeraction-18 (p-PEDF-SAINT-18 has a favorable antiangiogenic effect on corneal NV. Four groups (Group A: 0 μg + 0 μg, B: 0.1 μg + 0.1 μg, C: 1 μg + 1 μg, and D: 10 μg + 10 μg of bevacizumab + p-PEDF-SAINT-18 were prepared and implanted into the rat subconjunctival substantia propria 1.5 mm from the limbus on the temporal side. Then, 1 μg of p-bFGF-SAINT-18 was prepared and implanted into the rat corneal stroma 1.5 mm from the limbus on the same side. The inhibition of NV was observed and quantified from days 1 to 60. Biomicroscopic examination, western blot analysis and immunohistochemistry were used to analyze the 18-kDa bFGF, 50-kDa PEDF and VEGF protein expression. No inhibition activity for normal limbal vessels was noted. Subconjunctival injection with the combination of bevacizumab and p-PEDF-SAINT-18 successfully inhibited corneal NV. The bFGF and PEDF genes were successfully expressed as shown by western blot analysis, and a mild immune response to HLA-DR was shown by immunohistochemistry. We concluded that the combination of bevacizumab and p-PEDF-SAINT-18 may have more potent and prolonged antiangiogenic effects, making it possible to reduce the frequency of subconjunctival.Bevacizumab, a 149-kDa protein, is a recombinant humanized monoclonalantibody to VEGF. PEDF, a 50-kDa glycoprotein, has demonstrated anti-vasopermeabilityproperties. In this study, we demonstrated that the combination of bevacizumaband plasmid pigment epithelium-derived factor-synthetic amphiphile INTeraction-18(p-PEDF-SAINT-18 has a favorable antiangiogenic effect on corneal NV. Four groups(Group A: 0 μg + 0 μg, B: 0.1 μg + 0.1 μg, C: 1 μg + 1 μg, and

  7. Santa Rosa de Lima: uma santa anoréxica na América Latina? Santa Rosa de Lima: ¿una santa anoréxica en Latinoamérica? Saint Rose of Lima: an anorexic saint in Latin America?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cybelle Weinberg

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available A literatura especializada tem nos mostrado que é grande a semelhança entre o comportamento alimentar das santas jejuadoras medievais e o das anoréxicas atuais. No entanto, há poucas referências sobre a existência de santas jejuadoras na América Latina. No presente trabalho, os autores salientam aspectos da vida de Santa Rosa de Lima, Patrona da América e Filipinas, que poderiam ser descritos como comportamentos anoréxicos. Comparando os aspectos psicopatológicos da vida de Santa Rosa com o comportamento das anoréxicas atuais, pareceu confirmar-se um padrão uniforme de comportamento, especialmente quanto ao aspecto imitativo, fator que poderia levar as jovens da atualidade a desenvolverem um transtorno alimentar após terem algum tipo de informação sobre o transtorno.La literatura especializada nos muestra gran similitud entre el comportamiento alimentar de las santas de la edad media que ayunaban y el de las anoréxicas de la actualidad. Hay pocas informaciones sobre santas que practicaban ayuno en Latinoamérica. En este artículo, los autores resaltan aspectos de la vida de santa Rosa de Lima, Patrona de América y Filipinas, que pueden ser considerados como comportamientos anoréxicos. Al comparar aspectos psicopatológicos de la vida de santa Rosa con el comportamiento de anoréxicas de la actualidad, parece que se confirma un modelo uniforme de comportamiento, especialmente respecto al aspecto de imitación, hecho que podría llevar a las jóvenes de hoy a desarrollar un trastorno de la alimentación luego de recibir informaciones sobre el tema.The specialized literature has shown us the great similarity between the eating habits of medieval fasting women saints and today's anorexic women. Nonetheless, there are few references to the existence of such fasting women saints in Latin America. The authors of this paper present some aspects of the life of Saint Rose of Lima, the patroness of the Americas and the Philippines, that

  8. Saint george “μέγας δούξ” - an icon from the Byzantine Museum of Kastoria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sisiou Iōannēs

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, the icon of St George with the epithet Megas Doux (Μέγας Δούξ, held in the Kastoria Museum, is published for the first time; it dates from the first decade of the fourteenth century. The discussion lists all known examples of holy warriors with the same epithet preserved in the area of Kastoria. Based on these examples it is concluded that the epithet was not only related to St Demetrios. During the reign of Andronikos II Palaiologos, donors who bore the title of dux wished to endow their personal patron saint - most commonly Demetrios and George - with the same title.

  9. Evaluation of soil washing and bioslurry reactor treatment for sites contaminated with pcbs found in association with heavy metals, Saint John, NB

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1993-01-01

    Study to evaluate the feasibility of soil washing and bioslurry reactor treatability in remediating soils at the Department of Transport site in Saint John to meet site soil cleanup standards. Elements of interest in the soils include cadmium, copper, lead, zinc, and the polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs). The study reviewed the methods to remove the metals and PCBs. The investigation consisted of a series of screening tests and a series of final tests. The study also involved assessment of bioslurry reactor treatments. The treatability study evaluated the bioslurry reactor technology under five different operational conditions to identify the optimum environment for the biological degradation of PCBs. This report presents the findings from the treatability studies.

  10. Étude des enduits et peintures murales du prieuré Saint-Martin de Mesvres (Saône-et-Loire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agathe Foullon

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available L’ancien prieuré Saint-Martin de Mesvres (Saône-et-Loire occupe une place intéressante dans le réseau religieux bourguignon au Moyen Âge : ses liens avec Autun, Flavigny, mais également Cluny, sont autant d’axes de recherches pour les études historiques et archéologiques en cours . L’étude des enduits et peintures murales du prieuré a débuté en 2009 par une analyse archéologique, menée dans le cadre d’un master 1 de l’université de Paris 4 Panthéon-Sorbonne . À la suite des premières observa...

  11. Effet de l'alimentation et de la race des vaches sur la fabrication de fromage d'Auvergne de Saint-Nectaire

    OpenAIRE

    Garel, Jean-Paul; Coulon, Jean Baptiste

    1990-01-01

    Cette étude, composée de 4 essais successifs, avait pour but d’analyser les effets de l’alimentation (foin et ensilage d’herbe, herbe pâturée), et de la race (FFPN et Montbéliarde) sur les caractéristiques du fromage affiné. Le fromage fabriqué à l’échelle artisanale (100 litres de lait par fabrication) était le Saint Nectaire fermier, fromage d’Auvergne d’Appellation d’Origine Contrôlée. Les différences de composition du lait entre races et régimes, essentiellement de taux protéique, se sont...

  12. A contemplação anagógica na Abadia de Saint-Denis (séc. XII)

    OpenAIRE

    COSTA, Ricardo da

    2015-01-01

    “A nobre obra brilha, mas como é nobremente brilhante, deve iluminar as mentes para conduzi-las através das verdadeiras luzes, para a verdadeira luz, onde Cristo é a verdadeira porta”. Essa frase, inscrita por ordem do abade Suger (c. 1081-1151) em uma das portas de bronze da abadia de Saint-Denis, enfatiza o caráter anagógico proporcionado pelo abade à Arte, na reconstrução da basílica. Nesse processo artístico, filosófico e religioso, já descrito pelo Pseudo-Dionísio, o Areopagita, no sécul...

  13. La conversion de saint Paul. Du maniérisme du Parmesan à la manière “meurtrière” du Caravage

    OpenAIRE

    Carminati, Myriam

    2009-01-01

    À quelque soixante-dix ans de distance, le Parmesan et le Caravage peignent chacun une Conversion de saint Paul témoignant d’une crise de la représentation. Mais alors que le Parmesan altère de l’intérieur les canons picturaux propres à la Renaissance, le Caravage met radicalement en cause la possibilité même de l’inscription, dans ce que l’on nomme peinture, d’un ordre rationnel ou énergétique du monde, tel qu’issu de la Renaissance. D’où l’effroi d’un Nicolas Poussin, lequel, submergé de dé...

  14. Etude de la fécondité du silure Africain Heterobranchus bidorsalis (Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1840 en conditions d'élevage

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alla, YL.

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Artificial Reproduction and Fecundity of the African Catfish Heterobranchus bidorsalis (Geoffroy Saint- Hilaire, 1840. Through the artificial reproduction of Heterobranchus bidorsalis, fecundity of females, characteristics of oocytes and larvae after hatching were determined. Mean absolute and relative fecundity were respectively 140,440 ± 82,168 oocytes and 47.30 ± 17.94 oocytes per g of body weight. Hormonal injection to females increased weight and diameter of oocytes. Fertilization and hatching rates were significantly correlated (r= 0.93 but were relatively weak. The mean value of larval length, weight and their yolk sac diameter were respectively 4.37 ± 0.20 mm; 1.42 ± 0.13 mg and 1.95 ± 0.14 mm.

  15. Halomonas muralis sp. nov., isolated from microbial biofilms colonizing the walls and murals of the Saint-Catherine chapel (Castle Herberstein, Austria).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heyrman, Jeroen; Balcaen, An; De Vos, Paul; Swings, Jean

    2002-11-01

    A group of seven halophilic strains (optimal growth at 2.5-10.0% NaCl) was isolated from samples of a wall and a mural painting, both heavily contaminated by microbial growth, inside the Saint-Catherine chapel of Castle Herberstein (Austria). The strains were subjected to a polyphasic taxonomic study that included DNA-DNA relatedness studies, DNA base-ratio determinations, 16S rDNA sequence analysis, rep-PCR genomic fingerprinting, fatty acid analysis and phenotypic and biochemical characterization. The data obtained indicate that the strains belong to the genus Halomonas and represent a novel species, for which the name Halomonas muralis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is strain LMG 20969(T) ( = DSM 14789(T)).

  16. Durkheim and Saint-Simon: The construction of the ideology of the society of the work and the new paradoxes of the late-moderns societies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Durán Vázquez, José Francisco

    2006-05-01

    Full Text Available The present article must like main objective interrogate itself on the sense that has the present representations of the work in the context of the productive scene of the take-modern societies of market. The analysis that sets out here interprets these representations in relation to the work of Émile Durkheim and Saint-Simon, being two of the main authors who have more contributed to forge the ideological formation of the societies of the work, like an attempt of update of the symbolic structure of these societies, in order that it continues maintaining all its integrating and legitimate load in relation to the new productive and labour realities

  17. Durkheim y Saint-Simon: La construcción del ideario de la sociedad del trabajo y las nuevas paradojas de las sociedades tardo-modernas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Francisco Durán Vázquez

    2006-05-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo tiene como principal objetivo interrogarse sobre el sentido que poseen las actuales representaciones del trabajo en el contexto del escenario productivo de las sociedades de mercado tardo-modernas. El análisis que aquí se propone interpreta dichas representaciones en relación con la obra de Émile Durkheim y Claude Henri de Saint-Simon, por ser dos de los principales autores que más han contribuido a forjar el ideario de las sociedades del trabajo, como un intento de actualización de la estructura simbólica de estas sociedades, con el fin de que continúe manteniendo toda su carga integradora y legitimadora en relación con las nuevas realidades productivas y laborales.

  18. Gesto e movimento per la comprensione musicale. Ascolto dal “Carnevale degli animali” di Camille Saint-Saëns

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    Chiara Sintoni

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Questo percorso didattico è rivolto alle ultime due classi della scuola dell’infanzia e alle prime due classi della scuola primaria, ed è incentrato su alcuni brani da Le Carnaval des Animaux (1886 del compositore, pianista e organista francese Camille Saint-Saëns (Parigi,1835-Algeri,1921. Il percorso è adatto alla scuola dell’infanzia e primaria perché insegna alcune nozioni di base della musica e una prima grammatica della comprensione musicale all’ascolto. Il lavoro si basa sull’utilizzo del gesto e del movimento finalizzati alla comprensione del brano all’ascolto. Gesto e movimento sono due risorse utilissime nella didattica rivolta all’infanzia: nel nostro caso, daremo un esempio di come possano sviluppare nei bambini la capacità di ascoltare la musica in profondità e di promuoverne un ascolto oggettivo, ovvero riflessivo.

  19. Rosários dos Pretos, Saint Benedict of Quissama: Black Confraternities and Devotions in the Atlantic World (Portugal and Angola, 1700s

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    Lucilene REGINALDO

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available In the eighteenth century, confraternities such as that of Our Lady of the Rosary and those dedicated to the black saints Benedict, Iphigenia and Elesban – to mention only the most popular devotions – were common in different areas of the Atlantic World. They were especially popular among people of color, both enslaved and free. In this paper I argue that the popularity of these sodalities should not be understood solely as the result of Catholic expansion. Rather, Africans and their descendents assumed an active role in this process, as important agents in propagating and popularizing the devotions and black confraternities. In order to understand this process I examine the history of black confraternities and devotions in two parts of the Portuguese Atlantic world: the kingdom of Portugal and the territories it conquered in Angola.

  20. Analysis of the impact of healthcare support initiatives for physically disabled people on their access to care in the city of Saint-Louis, Senegal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Senghor, Diarra Bousso; Diop, Oumar; Sombié, Issa

    2017-12-04

    People with disabilities represent approximately 6% of the Senegalese population. They face significant barriers to accessing health care. Although several initiatives have been implemented to improve access to health care for this vulnerable population, few studies have examined the effects of these initiatives. We conducted a mixed methods study in three neighborhoods in Saint-Louis City (Senegal) to assess the impact of health systems and social assistance programs aimed at improving access to health care for people with disabilities. Data were collected from 105 people living with disabilities aged 1-49 years (or their caregivers). Interviews were also conducted with key stakeholders in the health and welfare sectors. Global Positioning System (GPS) coordinates of all the health and social services within the city were obtained. We also conducted observations in the main regional hospital, the district health center and three level-one health facilities to assess physical accessibility as well as interactions between patients living with disabilities and health and social workers. Descriptive and multivariate analyses were performed using Sphinx software. Spatial data were used to make cartographic representations of the proximity to basic social services using Arc GIS software. Seventy-nine percent of survey respondents reported difficulty obtaining treatment. Key barriers to care included the high cost of care, as well as ill-treatment by health workers. Limited human resources and low levels of financial support, combined with logistical challenges were reported to hamper the success of social welfare initiatives that aim to facilitate access to health care for people with disabilities. Our results suggest that initiatives to increase access to health care among people with disability in Saint-Louis have had limited impact. Study findings underscore the importance of strengthening social assistance schemes within the health system and the need for social

  1. De Pierre de Sainte-Lucie à Benoit Rigaud, les mutations lyonnaises du «Chevalier de la Croix» (1534, 1581

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    Anne Réach-Ngô

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Le Chevalier de la Croix constitue l’un des récits de chevalerie de la Bibliothèque de Troyes (Oudot, 1612 qui a été importé d’Espagne, via Lyon, sur la scène éditoriale française au XVIe siècle (Saint-Lucie, 1534, avant de paraître à Paris l’année qui suit (Janot, 1535. C’est également à Lyon, un demi- siècle plus tard, que l’ouvrage connaît une seconde jeunesse (Rigaud, 1581, rapidement prolongée par une nouvelle édition parisienne (Bonfons, 1584. L’examen des mutations éditoriales de l’œuvre tout au long du siècle, et l’analyse de ces deux vagues de publication, permet de mettre au jour l’évolution des relations de concurrence entre Paris et Lyon dans l’histoire éditoriale de l’œuvre. Le Chevalier de la Croix is one of the Troyes Library (Oudot, 1612 chivalric romances imported from Spain through Lyon onto the French publishing scene in the 16th century (Saint-Lucie, 1534, before its publication in Paris the following year (Janot, 1535. Half a century later, Lyon was also the place where the book had a second youth (Rigaud, 1581, which was soon to be extended through a new parisian publication (Bonfons, 1584. The examination of the book’s editorial transformations throughout the century, along with the analysis of those two waves of publication, enables to bring to light the evolution of the competitive relationship between Paris and Lyon in the editorial history of this work. 

  2. Chronologie de la renaissance du vitrail à Paris au XIXe siècle : L’exemple de l’église Saint-Laurent

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    Laurence de Finance

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available L’église Saint-Laurent, à Paris, offre un bon examen de la renaissance du vitrail au XIXe siècle. Trois commandes passées successivement entre 1846 et 1888 à des artistes de renom témoignent de l’évolution de cet art depuis les premières recherches vers 1820 jusqu’à la parfaite maîtrise d’une technique, perdue au siècle précédent faute de commande. L’iconographie de ces trois séries de verrières, dont l’évolution stylistique est à mettre en parallèle avec les autres arts, reflètent les différentes dévotions d’une société liée aux pratiques gallicanes avant de rallier le courant ultramontain. Enfin, des différences au niveau des signatures témoignent de l’évolution de la perception du métier de peintre verrier par leurs contemporains.The Saint-Laurent church in Paris is a good example of how stained glass witnessed a renaissance during the nineteenth century. Three commissions signed between 1846 and 1888 with stained glass artists of renown bear witness to the evolution of this art from early researches in the 1820s to complete technical mastery, lost during the preceding century for lack of commands. The iconography of the three series of stained glass windows, which is to be compared with the evolution in other arts, reflects the different devotional features of a society linked to Gallican practices before going over to more ultramontain tendencies. Differences in the importance accorded to the signature of the artist also gives an indication of how the status of the stained glass artist was perceived by their contemporaries.

  3. Towards the complete eradication of mother-to-child HIV/HBV coinfection at Saint Camille Medical Centre in Burkina Faso, Africa

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    Denise Ilboudo

    Full Text Available The coinfection of HIV and hepatitis B virus (HBV and their vertical transmission constitute a public health problem in sub-Saharan countries of Africa. The objectives of this research are: i identify the pregnant women that are coinfected by HIV and HBV at Saint Camille Medical Centre; ii use three antiretroviral drugs (zidovudine, nevirapine and lamivudine to interrupt the vertical transmission of HIV and HBV from infected mothers; and iii use the PCR technique to diagnose children who are vertically infected by these viruses in order to offer them an early medical assistance. At Saint Camille Medical Centre, 115 pregnant women, aged from 19 to 41 years, were diagnosed as HIV-positive and, among them, 14 coinfected with HBV. They had at least 32 weeks of amenorrhoea and all of them received the HAART, which contained lamivudine. Two to six months after childbirth, the babies underwent PCR diagnosis for HIV and HBV. The results revealed that, among these mothers, 64.4% were housewives, 36.5% were illiterates, and only 1.7% had a university degree. The rate of vertical transmission of HIV and HBV was 0.0% (0/115 and 21.4% (3/14, respectively. The 3 mothers who transmitted the HBV to their children had all HBsAg, HbeAg, and HBV DNA positive. An antiretroviral therapy that in addition to zidovudine and nevirapine includes lamivudine could, as in the present study, block or reduce the vertical transmission in HIV positive pregnant women who are coinfected with HBV.

  4. "Comets, Origins, and Life:” Promoting Interdisciplinary Science in Secondary and Middle Schools in the Washington, DC and Saint Louis, MO Metro Areas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bonev, Boncho; Gibb, E. L.; Brewer, G.; Novak, R.; Mandell, A. M.; Seaton, P.; Price, J.; Long, T.; Bahar, S.; Edwards, S. S.

    2010-10-01

    Developing a full-year program to support secondary and middle school science education is a key part of the "broader impact” component of NSF Grant AST- 0807939 (PI/Co-PI Bonev/Gibb). This program is realized at two stages: (1) a professional development course for teachers is offered during the summer; (2) during the subsequent academic year we collaborate with educators in lessons planning or curriculum development as demanded in their particular schools. We successfully offered the course “ Comets, Origins, and Life: Interdisciplinary Science in the Secondary Classroom ” (45 contact hours; 3 credits) in the summers of 2009 and 2010 at the Catholic University of America. This class demonstrates how a complex hypothesis - for the delivery of water and prebiotic organic matter to early Earth - is being tested by integrating astronomy, physics, chemistry, biology, and Earth and planetary science. Collaborations with participants from the 2009 class include curriculum development within the Earth Science program in Prince Georges county, MD and strengthening science in Washington DC public schools. Our next step is to offer our class in the Saint Louis, MO area. The main challenge in our work with educators is not to present them with "interesting information", but to fit what we offer within the very particular curriculum expectations of their school districts. These curriculum expectations often vary from district to district and sometimes from year to year. We gratefully acknowledge the support by the NSF, allowing to fully integrate our research area into education. We also gratefully acknowledge our collaborations with the Goddard Center for Astrobiology and the Howard B. Owens Science Center (both in MD) in developing our class curriculum. Educators interested in this program can contact Boncho Bonev (bonev@cua.edu; for the Washington DC and Baltimore, MD areas) and Erika Gibb (gibbe@umsl.edu; for the Saint Louis, MO area).

  5. A HOMILY OF MEISTER ECKHART PREACHED IN THE ACADEMY OF PARIS ON THE FEAST DAY OF SAINT AUGUSTINE («VAS AURI SOLIDUM»

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    Yevgeniy Shilov

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available This article is devoted to the study of a little known homily of Meister Eckhart («Vas auri solidum» which he preached on Saint Augustine’s feast day in Paris. Before including the translation of this discourse, the author discusses the specific nature of the so-called academic homily. Preaching a homily was regarded as one of the obligations of a university professor of the time and this task was regulated according to strict guidelines and requirements. Such a homily possessed a specific structure. The author explains its main requirement. This type of homily was meant to explain and interpret a chosen text taken from Holy Scripture. Meister Eckhart actually planned to compose an extended three-part work combining elements of philosophy and theology which was to be known as his Opus tripartitum. One of its parts was to be a collection of model homilies (Opus sermonus. He began this work but did not finish it. Although we today possess only a few sketches and outlines of the Latin homilies of Meister Eckhart, which themselves are characterised by their lack of structure, they provide an excellent understanding of the mind of their author as well as rare insight into the place of Saint Augustine as a master of scholastic thought. In addition, this homily provides the only indication of the place of birth of the renowned mediaeval author. After an in-depth study of the text of the homily, the author concludes that Meister Eckhart borrowed his outline and system of classification from the School of Chartres and especially from Clarembald of Arras, an interpreter of Boethius. Using these sources, Eckhart formulated his idea of the two ways of knowing God: the way of ethics (Augustine and the way of metaphysics (Aristotle, Dionysius the Areopagite and Boethius

  6. Rediscovery of the type series of the Sacred Shrew, Sorex religiosus I. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1826, with additional notes on mummified shrews of ancient Egypt (Mammalia: Soricidae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woodman, Neal; Koch, Claudia; Hutterer, Rainer

    2017-10-30

    In 1826, Isidore Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire described the Sacred Shrew, Sorex religiosus [= Crocidura religiosa] from a series of 22 embalmed individuals that comprised a portion of the Italian archeologist Joseph Passalacqua's collection of Egyptian antiquities from an ancient necropolis near Thebes, central Egypt. Living members of the species were not discovered until the beginning of the 20th century and are currently restricted to the Nile Delta region, well north of the type locality. In 1968, the type series of S. religiosus was reported lost, and in 1978, a neotype was designated from among a small collection of modern specimens in the Natural History Museum, London. Our investigations have revealed, however, that the type series is still extant. Most of the specimens used by I. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire to describe S. religiosus still form part of the Passalacqua Collection in the Ägyptisches Museum, Berlin, Germany. We summarize the taxonomic history of S. religiosus, review the history of the Passalacqua collection, and explain why the type series was thought to have been lost. We designate an appropriate lectotype from among the original syntypes of S. religiosus in the Ägyptisches Museum. Our examination of the shrew mummies in the Passalacqua collection also yielded a species previously unrecorded from either ancient or modern Egypt: Crocidura pasha Dollman, 1915. Its presence increases the number of soricid species embalmed in ancient Egypt to seven and provides additional evidence for a more diverse Egyptian shrew fauna in the archeological past. Finally, we provide details that will assist in better understanding the variety of mummification procedures used to preserve animals in ancient Egypt.

  7. Les sources littéraires des citations peintes sur les phylactères des saints de la rangée inférieure de la façade et de l’exonarthex de l’église de la Résurrection de Dieu du monastère de Suceviţa

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    Constantin I. Ciobanu

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Cette étude vise à découvrir les sources littéraires des citations peintes sur les phylactères des saints de la rangée inférieure de la façade et de l’exonarthex de l’église de la Résurrection de Dieu du monastère de Suceviţa. Elle est une suite de l’article sur les sentences des pères du désert, des confesseurs, des anachorètes et des stylites peints sur la façade méridionale de l’église de l’Annonciation de la Vierge de Moldoviţa. Son objectif est de donner un aperçu précis sur la variété des sources littéraires qui ont été choisies par les auteurs du programme iconographique du dernier ensemble de peintures murales extérieures moldaves peintes au XVIe siècle. L’auteur de l’étude montre que ces citations de Suceviţa sont en grande partie tirées de la Collection alphabétique des Sentences des Pères du Désert. Cette Collection alphabétique a le rôle joué au monastère de Moldoviţa par la sélection des sources grecques primaires de la traduction russe du XIXe siècle faite par Théophane le Reclus et appelée par celui-ci Paterikon palestinien. La paternité des ces citations est plus ou moins arbitraire à Suceviţa : nous observons une attribution correcte seulement dans les cas des images des saints Antoine, Nil, Arsène, Étienne le Nouveau, Barlaam et Isaïe. De ce point de vue, la situation est semblable à celle observée aux monastères de Humor et de Moldoviţa. Dans le programme iconographique de Suceviţa il y a plusieurs répétitions des mêmes citations : elles sont attribuées à divers ou aux mêmes saints. C’est le cas des citations de Saint Chariton et de Saint Daniel le Stylite, de Saint Cyriaque l’Anachorète et de Saint Patapios, de Saint Athanase l’Athonite et de Saint Jean le Calybite, de Saint Nil et de Saint Gérasime, de Saint Jean Damascène (qui est peint deux fois : sur la façade sud et dans l’exonarthex, de Saint Théodore le Confesseur et de Saint Th

  8. Evaluation of sensitivity to desertification by a modified ESAs method in two sub-Saharan peri-urban areas: Ouagadougou (Burkina Faso) and Saint Louis (Senegal)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Topa, Maria Elena; Iavazzo, Pietro; Terracciano, Stefano; Adamo, Paola; Coly, Adrien; De Paola, Francesco; Giordano, Simonetta; Giugni, Maurizio; Traoré, Seydou Eric

    2013-04-01

    Desertification is regarded as one of the major global environmental problems of the 21st century. The African sub-Sahara is often quoted as the most seriously affected region with a significant loss of biological and economic productivity of the land due to climate characteristics and fluctuations, unsustainable land uses, overgrazing and inappropriate agricultural practices. Due to its complexity, dynamism and extent, desertification is complicated to check and assess. The absence of an agreed methodology for the identification of affected areas is a critical point in desertification monitoring and assessment. An integrated approach which uses both qualitative and quantitative measures is crucial to reach the aim of sustainable resource use and has to be reflected in application of sets of indicators. The selection of appropriate indicators and their integration and interpretation should be conducted by the objectives to be achieved and the questions to be answered. This study, carried out within the FP7-ENV-2010 CLUVA project (Climate change and Urban Vulnerability in Africa), aimed to assess the sensitivity to desertification in peri-urban areas of both Ouagadougou (Burkina Faso) and Saint Louis (Senegal) cities. The approach was based on the implementation and adaptation to the local conditions of the modeling methodology developed within the MEDALUS project (Mediterranean Desertification And Land Use). The model is characterized by a multi-factor approach based on the assessment of both environmental quality indicators (vegetation, soil, climate) and anthropogenic factors (land management). All local data, arranged in a GIS environment, allowed the generation of maps identifying Environmentally Sensitive Areas (ESAs) and an Index of Environmentally Sensitive Areas (ESAI). Changes and integrations to the original methodology have been set taking into account the environmental and social features of the whole sub-Saharan west Africa in order to allow the use of

  9. La Manufacture d’Armes de Saint-Étienne : un patrimoine militaire saisi par l’économie créative

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    Thomas Zanetti

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Cet article prend pour objet d’analyse un projet de renouvellement urbain d’un espace hérité de l’activité industrielle et militaire : la Manufacture d’Armes de Saint-Étienne. L’histoire et les caractéristiques patrimoniales de ce site, à la fois dans leurs dimensions matérielles et immatérielles, sont mobilisées dans un projet urbain hautement stratégique, et donc soumis à de multiples enjeux : la Cité du Design de Saint-Étienne. Cet équipement s’insère quant à lui dans un cadre plus large de concurrence métropolitaine et de course à l’attractivité des territoires. En effet, dans une ville marquée par le traumatisme issu du déclin de l’industrie, l’existence d’un patrimoine militaire est conçue comme une opportunité de spécifier localement la mise en œuvre des « bonnes pratiques » urbaines en circulation dans les villes européennes. Les responsables de la Cité ont donc choisi un haut lieu de l’histoire industrielle et militaire locale pour accueillir le futur symbole de la modernité stéphanoise, dans le but de tirer de cette inscription patrimoniale une plus-value historique nécessaire à la réussite du projet dans un contexte de marketing urbain. Toutefois, le processus de patrimonialisation de la Manufacture d’Armes a donné naissance à un profond conflit opposant des associations locales de protection du patrimoine aux responsables de l’urbanisme. Il importe alors de questionner l’entreprise de valorisation du patrimoine militaire en analysant quels sont les héritages mémoriels associés à l’action publique urbaine contemporaine, voire instrumentés par sa stratégie de développement territorial.This article is an analysis of a project of urban renewal concerning a space inherited from industrial and military activity: the arms factory of Saint-Étienne. The history and the heritage characteristics of the site, in both its tangible and intangible dimensions, have been

  10. La Russie dans la presse des émigrés : Altona, Hambourg, Brunswick et Saint-Pétersbourg

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    Vladimir A. Somov

    2016-11-01

    грантский Journal littéraire de Saint-Pétersbourg (1798–1800 и официозный Journal du Nord (1807–1812, направленный против наполеоновской пропаганды, в котором сотрудничают те же самые французы. Все эти издания адресованы как эмигрантам, так и местным элитам. Эмигранты, благодаря широкому распространению французского языка, благодаря французской книготорговле прочно установленной в Европе и своей литературной деятельности, становятся посредниками в отношениях между странами, в процессе взаимодействия европейских культур.

  11. A methodological approach to assess sensitivity to desertification in two sub-Saharan urban areas: Ouagadougou (Burkina Faso) and Saint Louis (Senegal)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iavazzo, P.; Terracciano, S.; Topa, M. E.; Adamo, P.; Coly, A.; De Paola, F.; Giordano, S.; Giugni, M.; Touré, H.

    2012-04-01

    The United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) defines desertification as "land degradation in arid, semi-arid and dry sub-humid areas resulting from various factors, including climatic variations and human activities". Desertification is regarded as one of the major global environmental problems of the 21st century and the African sub-Sahara is often quoted as the most seriously affected region with a significant loss of biological and economic productivity of the land. In this geographic area, desertification processes are usually generated by soil erosion due to climate characteristics and fluctuations, unsustainable land uses, overgrazing and inappropriate agricultural practices. Preventing desertification requires an improved understanding of its causes, impact, degree and association with climate, soil, water, land cover, socio-economic factors and their combined effects. The development of methodologies capable of managing large amounts of data in an integrated approach is needed because of the complexity and variety of forms of desertification processes. The study was carried out within the FP7-ENV-2010 CLUVA project (CLimate change and Urban Vulnerability in Africa), aimed to estimate the sensitivity to land degradation in the urban and peri-urban areas of both Ouagadougou (Burkina Faso) and Saint Louis (Senegal) cities. The approach was based on the implementation and adaptation of the modeling methodology developed within the MEDALUS project (MEditerranean Desertification and Land Use). The model is characterized by a multi-factor approach based on the assessment of both environmental quality indicators (climate, soil, vegetation) and anthropogenic factors (land management). The methodology is adaptable to the local conditions, considering that some key indicators can be operationally defined through the inclusion or exclusion of parameters and the scores assigned in order to match the specific relevance of the factors. All local data

  12. Architectural, spatial and composite features of the temples location in Saint-Petersburg and the surrounding counties in the 18th - 1st half of 19th centuries

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    Krylova Severina Vyacheslavovna

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available This article shows the interdependences of territorial distribution of temples and their architectural-spatial and compositional features in St. Petersburg and the counties. The author revealed two different approaches to temple arrangement depending on the type of environment - in urban areas and rural areas. The construction of a temple in St. Petersburg was strictly regulated: its space-planning solution, accommodation, the place assigned for parish church, etc. The article draws attention to the particular choice of solutions, removal of land for construction, and certain architectural features of the temples. The author generally distinguishes four types of space-planning decisions of religious buildings: hall multiplex (The Basilica in the form of a Latin cross, centric (cross dome as the most common types of churches, combined. In turn, these types of temples were correlated with various types of accommodation identified by the author. Spatial distribution of temples include: a the location of temples in the natural landscape system and b with respect to the location of the man-made temples' environment (historical and cultural, in correlation with the buildings and / or communications (land and water communications, c the formation of a spatially-visual network (system of the city and surrounding area. For a better understanding of the revealed dependences chronological phase analysis was used, since the time prior to Saint Petersburg construction and till 1850. The periodization of temple architecture development during 1703-1850 was identified. The period before Saint Petersburg was also considered, though less detailed. The stages are minimal chronological segments, within which settlement system was unified by spatial and social characteristics, as well as uniform rules of specific territorial, economic and social development. As chronological boundaries, specific dates of the events were identified, which determined the transition

  13. Modelling larval dispersal of the king scallop ( Pecten maximus) in the English Channel: examples from the bay of Saint-Brieuc and the bay of Seine

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nicolle, Amandine; Dumas, Franck; Foveau, Aurélie; Foucher, Eric; Thiébaut, Eric

    2013-06-01

    The king scallop ( Pecten maximus) is one of the most important benthic species of the English Channel as it constitutes the first fishery in terms of landings in this area. To support strategies of spatial fishery management, we develop a high-resolution biophysical model to study scallop dispersal in two bays along the French coasts of the English Channel (i.e. the bay of Saint-Brieuc and the bay of Seine) and to quantify the relative roles of local hydrodynamic processes, temperature-dependent planktonic larval duration (PLD) and active swimming behaviour (SB). The two bays are chosen for three reasons: (1) the distribution of the scallop stocks in these areas is well known from annual scallop stock surveys, (2) these two bays harbour important fisheries and (3) scallops in these two areas present some differences in terms of reproductive cycle and spawning duration. The English Channel currents and temperature are simulated for 10 years (2000-2010) with the MARS-3D code and then used by the Lagrangian module of MARS-3D to model the transport. Results were analysed in terms of larval distribution at settlement and connectivity rates. While larval transport in the two bays depended both on the tidal residual circulation and the wind-induced currents, the relative role of these two hydrodynamic processes varied among bays. In the bay of Saint-Brieuc, the main patterns of larval dispersal were due to tides, the wind being only a source of variability in the extent of larval patch and the local retention rate. Conversely, in the bay of Seine, wind-induced currents altered both the direction and the extent of larval transport. The main effect of a variable PLD in relation to the thermal history of each larva was to reduce the spread of dispersal and consequently increase the local retention by about 10 % on average. Although swimming behaviour could influence larval dispersal during the first days of the PLD when larvae are mainly located in surface waters, it has a

  14. Sfântul Constantin cel Mare reper în istoria Imperiului Roman și a Bisericii creștine (Saint Constantine the Great, landmark in the history of the Roman Empire and the Christian Church

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    PhD. Vîlciu Marian

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The life and work of Saint Emperor Constantine the Great can be seen in two ways: as a Roman emperor, through the history, and the first Christian leader who reconciled the Church with State, by an ecclesiastical approach. Beginning with the reign of the Church acquires a privileged position in the state. Christianity became a lawful religion, equal in rights with other pagan religions and even more privileged and supported on the canonical, dogmatic and religious plan

  15. Variações tímbricas em Méditations sur le mystère de la Sainte Trinité, de Olivier Messiaen

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    Miriam Carpinetti

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Neste texto comparamos sonogramas dos cantos do Bruant jaune que finalizam as Meditações II, V, VIII, e IX da obra Méditations sur le mystère de la Sainte Trinité de Olivier Messiaen, com o objetivo de localizar elementos não explicitados pela grafia tradicional. Para tanto, utilizamos: o Acousmographe, a partitura e as gravações realizadas por Daniel Schlee ao órgão Cavaillé-Coll da Église de la Sainte Trinité (Paris e por Jennifer Bate aos Grandes Orgues da Cathédrale Saint Pierre (Beauvais. Partimos da análise do compositor disponibilizada na partitura, complementando-a, principalmente, com informações registradas no Traité de rythme, de couleur, et d’ornithologie e na entrevista concedida a Claude Samuel. Foram encontradas diferenças de cor e brilho dos registros dos órgãos, do acionamento das teclas e da acústica de salas, entre outros. Esta pesquisa contribui para a compreensão do potencial de variação tímbrica existente entre diferentes órgãos e para o pensamento composicional por sonoridades.

  16. Immigration, différence et intégration dans The Consul et The Saint of Bleecker Street de Gian Carlo Menotti Immigration, Difference and Integration in Gian Carlo Menotti’s The Consul and The Saint of Bleecker Street

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    Walter Zidaric

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Composer, librettist and stage director Gian Carlo Menotti has changed the American musical theatre by accepting to face burning questions related to his times, but which are at the same time universal. In The Consul (1950, the American context of the 1950s burst onto the operatic stage. The Mc Carron law and MacCarthysm are reflected in this opera which is, first of all, a metaphor of the negation of liberty. In The Saint ofBleecker Street (1954, the Little Italy microcosm suggests a new reflection about questions which are related to the concept of difference and integration, connected to considerations of a metaphysical and religious nature. As metaphors of American society, these two operas finally symbolise all kinds of human multicultural societies by revealing the polysemic character of Menotti’s works.

  17. Prevalence of cigarette smoking in pregnant women participating in the special supplemental nutrition programme for Women, Infants and Children (WIC) in Minneapolis and Saint Paul, Minnesota, USA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ross, Julie A; Swensen, Andrine R; Murphy, Sharon E

    2002-07-01

    Several adverse birth outcomes are associated with cigarette smoking. It is important to determine the prevalence of cigarette smoking among pregnant low-income women and to evaluate their smoking cessation patterns in order to target appropriate interventions. Ethnically diverse pregnant women aged 15-45 years were recruited from Minneapolis or Saint Paul Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) clinics before their third trimester. Serum cotinine levels were assayed for 98 women and compared with self-report. The women were unaware that their smoking status would be validated. Twenty-one (21%) women had a positive serum cotinine value (> or =3 ng/mL); 16 (76%) admitted smoking within the previous 24 h before interview and five denied smoking. Of the five, four had cotinine levels that could suggest passive smoke exposure. Thirty-seven women (38%) admitted cigarette smoking during the pregnancy but before knowing that they were pregnant; 18 (49%) of these denied current smoking at the interview and also presented with negative cotinine levels. These data suggest that some participants in WIC make a concerted effort to quit smoking when they find out they are pregnant, and are generally truthful when reporting their smoking habits during pregnancy.

  18. Association between food opportunities during the school day and selected dietary behaviors of alternative high school students, Minneapolis/Saint Paul, Minnesota, 2006.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arcan, Chrisa; Kubik, Martha Y; Fulkerson, Jayne A; Davey, Cynthia; Story, Mary

    2011-01-01

    Availability of competitive foods in schools has been linked to unhealthful dietary behaviors of students. Little is known about the food environment of alternative high schools, schools that enroll students at risk of academic failure. We examined correlations between food opportunities during the school day and selected dietary behaviors of students attending alternative high schools. Baseline data were collected in fall 2006 as part of the Team COOL (Controlling Overweight and Obesity for Life) pilot study, a group randomized obesity prevention trial. Students (n = 145) attending 6 alternative high schools in Minneapolis/Saint Paul, Minnesota, completed a survey on food opportunities during the school day and selected dietary behaviors. We used mixed-model multivariate cross-sectional analysis and adjusted for demographic characteristics to examine associations of interest. Food opportunities during the school day were positively associated with overall consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages, high-fat foods, and fast-food restaurant use. Having many food opportunities during the school day at alternative high schools was linked to the consumption of foods and beverages high in sugar and fat and low in nutrients. School-based interventions should focus on changing the food environment in alternative high schools to decrease less healthful eating opportunities and to increase the availability of healthful foods and beverages.

  19. Digital Workflow for the Acquisition and Elaboration of 3d Data in a Monumental Complex: the Fortress of Saint John the Baptist in Florence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tucci, G.; Bonora, V.; Conti, A.; Fiorini, L.

    2017-08-01

    In recent years, the GeCo Laboratory has undertaken numerous projects to digitalize vast and complex buildings; the specific nature of the different projects has resulted in a case-by-case approach, each time working on past experiences and updating not only the hardware and software tools but also the management and processing methods. This paper presents the workflow followed for the survey of the Fortress of Saint John the Baptist in Florence, an on-going interdisciplinary project. Presently Florence's main trade fair congress centre, at the same time it hosts various buildings that bear witness to the fortress's life-history, combining constructions from the Medici and Lorraine eras with recently built exhibition facilities. Now new research has been required due to the realization of new pavilions and the regeneration of the whole complex. This has included a critical survey, material testing, diagnostic investigations and stratigraphic analyses to define the building's state of preservation. The working group comprises specialists from different institutions, amongst which the Italian Military Geographic Institute, the University of Florence, the National Research Council Institute for the Preservation and Enhancement of the Cultural Heritage, and the Florence City Council.

  20. Sexual orientation change efforts through psychotherapy for LGBQ individuals affiliated with the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bradshaw, Kate; Dehlin, John P; Crowell, Katherine A; Galliher, Renee V; Bradshaw, William S

    2015-01-01

    This study reports the results of a comprehensive online survey of 1,612 current or former members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, many of whom engaged in psychotherapy to cope with (i.e., understand, accept, or change) their same-sex attractions. Data obtained from written and quantitative responses showed that therapy was initiated over a very wide age range and continued for many years. However, counseling was largely ineffective; less than 4% reported any modification of core same-sex erotic attraction. Moreover, 42% reported that their change-oriented therapy was not at all effective, and 37% found it to be moderately to severely harmful. In contrast, affirming psychotherapeutic strategies were often found to be beneficial in reducing depression, increasing self-esteem, and improving family and other relationships. Results suggest that the very low likelihood of a modification of sexual orientation and the ambiguous nature of any such change should be important considerations for highly religious sexual minority individuals considering reorientation therapy.

  1. Changes in Technique and Indications for Keratoplasty in Poland, 1989 to 2014: An Analysis of Corneal Transplantations Performed at Saint Barbara Hospital, Trauma Center, Sosnowiec, Poland.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jankowska-Szmul, J; Dobrowolski, D; Krysik, K; Kwas, J; Nejman, M; Wylegala, E

    2016-06-01

    The purpose of this work was to study the evolving trends in techniques and indications for corneal transplantation in Poland. This retrospective, descriptive analysis of corneal transplantations was performed at the Ophthalmology Department of Saint Barbara Hospital, Trauma Center, Sosnowiec, Poland, between 1988 and 2014. Structure of indications and surgery type rates over 26 years were tabulated by means of 5-year intervals. Between 1989 and 2014, 1762 corneal transplantations were performed, including 1375 (78%) cases of penetrating keratoplasty, 137 (8%) lamellar keratoplasty, 112 (6%) patch grafts, and 138 (8%) keratolimbal allografts. The major indications and their respective overall percentage were corneal leucoma (24%), pseudophakic/aphakic bullous keratopathy (22%), Fuchs dystrophy (13%), keratoconus (13%), re-graft (11%), keratitis (9%), and limbal stem cell deficiency (8%), with changes in relative frequency of the leading indications over the following time intervals. The number of corneal transplantations gradually increased during the years reviewed. The rates of lamellar, keratolimbal, and patch grafts have grown dynamically since 2010, reaching 20%, 17%, and 12%, respectively, of procedures performed during 2010 to 2014. Over the past quarter of a century, there has been evolution in corneal transplantation service, from the first penetrating keratoplasty to the wide spectrum of procedures, including femtosecond laser-assisted keratoplasty. Although, since 2010, the rates of lamellar and keratolimbal allografts have grown rapidly, penetrating keratoplasty has remained the leading technique. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  2. The man created in God’s image - the spiritual axis of the world. Saint Gregory of Nyssa’s theology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Florea STEFAN

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Man has been created at the crossroads between the material and the spiritual things, being given the greatest honour among creatures, since he is the only one edified in God’s image and likeness. With Saint Gregory, the image does not mean, as in Platonism, the rough analogy of the sensitive world in relation to the intelligible world, but participation, a communion, yet without supposing a transfer of substance. There are two levels of the image in his theology: Christ – Logos of the Father, archetypal image, on this level the image supposing the very communion of nature, the hypostatizing of the unique divine being, and man – image of the Logos, level on which the image supposes the ontological distinction, yet simultaneously, by its quality of direct image, of non-mediated reflection, is a faithful image, this image containing in itself precisely the promise of communion, though, by its character, it has to define the eternity of the distinction between created and uncreated.

  3. A novel painted monument. Byzantine Art between Aesthetic Redefining and Dogmatic Perennity. The church Saint John the Baptist of Bârnova

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    Mihail M. Gheaţău

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Being remarkable through the monumentality and elegance of proportions, the architecture of the Church “Saint John the Baptist” from Bârnova derives from the so-called old Wallachian style, skillfully reshaping a structure which combines elements which are specific to Byzantine Balkanic ecclesiastical buildings. The unseen pictural work of Ștefan Constantinescu is characterized by the attempt to associate the results of experiencing freedom of interpretation and expression with the rules of the iconographic canon, inside the same ensemble. Its representations do not reproduce the traditional Byzantine manner, nor it is delivered as a form of quoting reality, but it is filtered and interpreted. From a theological point of view, the author respects the iconographic program, except for the topographic placement of some episodes, adapting the discourse according to the configuration and features of the liturgical space. We are in front of a case which places us in the position of managing the relationship between the value of artistic creation and the meticulosity of theological involvement. Neither Byzantine, nor realistic, the artistic solution of the mural painting from Bârnova is closer to the manner of iconic transfiguration than to the one of improvisation or artistic intermediation through which the daily tridimensional world is reflected.

  4. Antropología y cuidados en el enfoque de San Juan de Dios Anthropology and caring in the view of Saint John of God

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    Genival Fernandes de Freitas

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de esta investigación de carácter histórico-social, consiste en contribuir a la reflexión crítica sobre el origen y desarrollo de la cultura de los cuidados en el contexto socio-político y religioso del renacimiento español (siglo XVI desde la perspectiva de la orden mendicante de San Juan de Dios. La filosofía humanística o antropológica de la enfermería, en la perspectiva mencionada, implicaba potenciar la atención holística en el proceso de satisfacción de necesidades de los pacientes considerando el binomio hospitalidad-humanización de la asistencia.This is a historical and social study has the objective to contribute to a critical reflection involving the origin and development of caring culture in the social-political and religious contextualization of Spanish Renaissance (century XVI, with the prospect of mendicant order of Saint John of God. Humanistic or anthropological Philosophy of Nursing, in this perspective, signified a holistic attention to needs of patients ruled in the binomial hospitality and humanization of care nursing.

  5. Investigate the shock focusing under a single vortex disturbance using 2D Saint-Venant equations with a shock-capturing scheme

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Jiaquan; Li, Renfu; Wu, Haiyan

    2018-02-01

    In order to characterize the flow structure and the effect of acoustic waves caused by the shock-vortex interaction on the performance of the shock focusing, the incident plane shock wave with a single disturbance vortex focusing in a parabolic cavity is simulated systematically through solving the two-dimensional, unsteady Saint-Venant equations with the two order HLL scheme of Riemann solvers. The simulations show that the dilatation effect to be dominant in the net vorticity generation, while the baroclinic effect is dominate in the absence of initial vortex disturbance. Moreover, the simulations show that the time evolution of maximum focusing pressure with initial vortex is more complicate than that without initial vortex, which has a lot of relevance with the presence of quadrupolar acoustic wave structure induced by shock-vortex interaction and its propagation in the cavity. Among shock and other disturbance parameters, the shock Mach number, vortex Mach number and the shape of parabolic reflector proved to play a critical role in the focusing of shock waves and the strength of viscous dissipation, which in turn govern the evolution of maximum focusing pressure due to the gas dynamic focus, the change in dissipation rate and the coincidence of motion disturbance vortex with aerodynamic focus point.

  6. Iconologie des infantes (Tumbo A et Tumbo B de la cathédrale de Saint-Jacques de Compostelle et Tumbo de Touxos Outos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ghislaine Fournès

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available Les miniatures des Tumbos A et B de la cathédrale de Saint-Jacques de Compostelle et du Tumbo de Touxos Outos établissent à travers la représentation des rois, reines et infantes, d’Alphonse II à Alphonse X, une généalogie royale. L’analyse des miniatures consacrées aux figures féminines confirme que, dans le royaume de León et en Castille, les infantes ont eu, aux XIe et XIIe siècles, un rôle majeur, spirituel et politique, notamment à travers l’institution de l’infantat.Las miniaturas de los Tumbos A y B de la catedral de Santiago de Compostela, y del Tumbo de Touxos Outos establecen a través de la representación de los reyes, reinas e infantas, desde Alfonso II hasta Alfonso X, una genealogía real. El análisis de las miniaturas dedicadas a las figuras femeninas confirma que, en el reino de León y en Castilla, las infantas detuvieron, durante los siglos XI y XII, un papel importante, a la vez espiritual y político, sobre todo gracias a la institución del infantado.

  7. ‘Obtulisti libellum de vita domni Remacli’: The Evolution of Patron Saint Libelli as Propagandist Instruments in the Monastery of Stavelot-Malmedy, 938-1247

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tjamke Snijders

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The functionality of a hagiographical text in the High Middle Ages depended on the codex in which it was incorporated. As a result, a manuscript perspective is indispensable to assess the communicative function of a medieval saint’s life. This article analyses five codices concerning Saint Remaclus from the monastery of Stavelot-Malmedy as a way to study the changing strategies of hagiographic propaganda. The community of Stavelot-Malmedy experienced a growing need to increase the propagandist user-friendliness of their manuscripts between the tenth and the thirteenth century. A tenth-century manuscript consisted of a jumble of texts about Remaclus and Stavelot-Malmedy intended for a very broad audience. A second generation of codices consisted of a collection of texts better tailored to a more narrowly defined audience, while the third generation focuses almost exclusively on very specific, contemporary problems. An analysis of these manuscripts shows that these ‘generations’ or general types of manuscripts were representative of the Benedictine Southern Low Countries, and that an abbey’s choice for a specific type of manuscript can often be linked to its institutional position.

  8. Associations Between Bicycling for Transportation and Cardiometabolic Risk Factors Among Minneapolis-Saint Paul Area Commuters: A Cross-Sectional Study in Working-Age Adults.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berger, Aaron T; Qian, Xinyi Lisa; Pereira, Mark A

    2017-01-01

    This study describes the association between frequency of bicycling for active transportation and modifiable cardiometabolic risk factors in the Minneapolis-Saint Paul (MSP) metropolitan area. We conducted an online survey from a convenience sample of likely bicycle commuters. Participants were e-mailed invitations including a link to the online survey. Participants (n = 1450, 15.6% response rate) were residents of the 7-county MSP metropolitan area aged 20 to 64 years. Participants reported frequency of commute and destination cycling from April to September and October to March, prevalent cardiometabolic risk factors, and demographic covariates. We performed logistic regressions for associations between average weekly transportation bicycling and self-reported prevalent obesity, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and high triglycerides. We used Poisson regression for the count of cardiometabolic risk factors. All models were adjusted for age, sex, race, smoking, alcohol consumption, and other physical activity, with random intercepts by zip code. Self-reported bicycling frequency is associated with significantly lower odds of prevalent obesity, hypertension, and high triglycerides. Three bicycling trips per week is associated with 20% fewer (95% confidence interval: 12%-28%) cardiometabolic risk factors. Bicycling frequency is inversely associated with cardiometabolic risk factors. These results provide empirical support for the promotion of active transportation as public health policy.

  9. Radiocarbon dates from the Grotte du Renne and Saint-Césaire support a Neandertal origin for the Châtelperronian.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hublin, Jean-Jacques; Talamo, Sahra; Julien, Michèle; David, Francine; Connet, Nelly; Bodu, Pierre; Vandermeersch, Bernard; Richards, Michael P

    2012-11-13

    The transition from the Middle Paleolithic (MP) to Upper Paleolithic (UP) is marked by the replacement of late Neandertals by modern humans in Europe between 50,000 and 40,000 y ago. Châtelperronian (CP) artifact assemblages found in central France and northern Spain date to this time period. So far, it is the only such assemblage type that has yielded Neandertal remains directly associated with UP style artifacts. CP assemblages also include body ornaments, otherwise virtually unknown in the Neandertal world. However, it has been argued that instead of the CP being manufactured by Neandertals, site formation processes and layer admixture resulted in the chance association of Neanderthal remains, CP assemblages, and body ornaments. Here, we report a series of accelerator mass spectrometry radiocarbon dates on ultrafiltered bone collagen extracted from 40 well-preserved bone fragments from the late Mousterian, CP, and Protoaurignacian layers at the Grotte du Renne site (at Arcy-sur-Cure, France). Our radiocarbon results are inconsistent with the admixture hypothesis. Further, we report a direct date on the Neandertal CP skeleton from Saint-Césaire (France). This date corroborates the assignment of CP assemblages to the latest Neandertals of western Europe. Importantly, our results establish that the production of body ornaments in the CP postdates the arrival of modern humans in neighboring regions of Europe. This new behavior could therefore have been the result of cultural diffusion from modern to Neandertal groups.

  10. 27 CFR 9.139 - Santa Lucia Highlands.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... (photorevised 1984) (5) Soledad, Calif., 1955 (photorevised 1984) (6) Sycamore Flat, Calif., 1956 (photorevised... the junction of Foothill and Paraiso Roads on the Soledad, California U.S.G.S. map. (8) Then following...

  11. Krassavitsa protiv tshudovishtshja / Anita-Lucia Roddick ; interv. Oksana Bondar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Roddick, Anita-Lucia

    2005-01-01

    Intervjuu rahvusvahelise kosmeetikafirma The Body Shop looja, ühiskonnategelase ja keskkonnakaitsja Anita Roddick'uga. Firma The Body Shop osalemisest rahvusvahelises perevägivalla-vastases kampaanias

  12. Herbaria, gardens, organisations

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    NN,

    1992-01-01

    Demand for space have necessitated the closure of the Herbarium associated with the Botany Department, University of Queensland, Saint Lucia (BRIU, formerly listed under BRISBANE). The collections went to BRI. The Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM) together with the Forest Departments of

  13. eligible countries

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Madagascar. Malawi. Mali. ℓ. Mauritania. Mauritius. Morocco. Mozambique. Nepal†. Niger†. Nigeria. Peru†. Rwanda†. Saint Lucia. Sao Tome and Principe. Senegal. Seychelles. Sierra Leone. Somalia. ℓ. South Africa. South Sudan†. Sri Lanka. St. Kitts and Nevis. Sudan. Swaziland. Tanzania. Togo. Trinidad and Tobago.

  14. Migration and rural development in the Caribbean.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Momsen, J D

    1986-01-01

    The relationship between migration and agricultural development in the Caribbean is examined. The data, collected by survey, concern the islands of Nevis, Montserrat, and Saint Lucia. The results show that migration is not associated with agricultural innovation or the use of specific technical inputs and that it frequently has a negative impact on agricultural productivity and attitudes toward farming.

  15. Inferential genotyping of Y chromosomes in Latter-Day Saints founders and comparison to Utah samples in the HapMap project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gitschier, Jane

    2009-02-01

    One concern in human genetics research is maintaining the privacy of study participants. The growth in genealogical registries may contribute to loss of privacy, given that genotypic information is accessible online to facilitate discovery of genetic relationships. Through iterative use of two such web archives, FamilySearch and Sorenson Molecular Genealogy Foundation, I was able to discern the likely haplotypes for the Y chromosomes of two men, Joseph Smith and Brigham Young, who were instrumental in the founding of the Latter-Day Saints Church. I then determined whether any of the Utahns who contributed to the HapMap project (the "CEU" set) is related to either man, on the basis of haplotype analysis of the Y chromosome. Although none of the CEU contributors appear to be a male-line relative, I discovered that predictions could be made for the surnames of the CEU participants by a similar process. For 20 of the 30 unrelated CEU samples, at least one exact match was revealed, and for 17 of these, a potential ancestor from Utah or a neighboring state could be identified. For the remaining ten samples, a match was nearly perfect, typically deviating by only one marker repeat unit. The same query performed in two other large databases revealed fewer individual matches and helped to clarify which surname predictions are more likely to be correct. Because large data sets of genotypes from both consenting research subjects and individuals pursuing genetic genealogy will be accessible online, this type of triangulation between databases may compromise the privacy of research subjects.

  16. Serological evidence for Saint Louis encephalitis virus in free-ranging New World monkeys and horses within the upper Paraná River basin region, Southern Brazil

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    Walfrido Kühl Svoboda

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Introduction Saint Louis encephalitis virus (SLEV primarily occurs in the Americas and produces disease predominantly in humans. This study investigated the serological presence of SLEV in nonhuman primates and horses from southern Brazil. Methods From June 2004 to December 2005, sera from 133 monkeys (Alouatta caraya, n=43; Sapajus nigritus, n=64; Sapajus cay, n=26 trap-captured at the Paraná River basin region and 23 blood samples from farm horses were obtained and used for the serological detection of a panel of 19 arboviruses. All samples were analyzed in a hemagglutination inhibition (HI assay; positive monkey samples were confirmed in a mouse neutralization test (MNT. Additionally, all blood samples were inoculated into C6/36 cell culture for viral isolation. Results Positive seroreactivity was only observed for SLEV. A prevalence of SLEV antibodies in sera was detected in Alouatta caraya (11.6%; 5/43, Sapajus nigritus (12.5%; 8/64, and S. cay (30.8%; 8/26 monkeys with the HI assay. Of the monkeys, 2.3% (1/42 of A. caraya, 6.3% 94/64 of S. nigritus, and 15.4% (4/26 of S. cay were positive for SLEV in the MNT. Additionally, SLEV antibodies were detected by HI in 39.1% (9/23 of the horses evaluated in this study. Arboviruses were not isolated from any blood sample. Conclusions These results confirmed the presence of SLEV in nonhuman primates and horses from southern Brazil. These findings most likely represent the first detection of this virus in nonhuman primates beyond the Amazon region. The detection of SLEV in animals within a geographical region distant from the Amazon basin suggests that there may be widespread and undiagnosed dissemination of this disease in Brazil.

  17. Promoting physical activity in a low-income neighborhood of the Paris suburb of Saint-Denis: effects of a community-based intervention to increase physical activity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Camille Buscail

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Physical activity (PA is a key factor for facing the increasing prevalence of obesity and overweight, and should be part of every public health programs. In this context, a community-based public health program promoting PA was developed in a low-income neighborhood of the city of Saint-Denis (France. Methods This work aimed at assessing the effectiveness of a 2-year PA promotion program. A quasi-experimental study was carried out using a pre/post design, with an assessment before (2013 and after (2015 the program. The interviewees were selected using a stratified random cluster sampling. The primary outcome was the proportion of participants practicing sufficient PA (WHO guidelines, and was measured using the RPAQ questionnaire. External interventions (on both neighborhood environment and inhabitants were listed. Results We collected 199 questionnaires at baseline and 217 in 2015. There was a majority of women in both samples: 64.3 % in 2013 and 58.2 % in 2015. The average age of participants was 38.1 years (+/−1.1 and 40.6 (+/−1.1 respectively. The proportion of people practicing sufficient PA was modified from 48.1 % in 2013 to 63.5 % in 2015 (p = 0.001. This was mainly driven by women whose level of PA, increased from 40.3 % to 60.3 % (p = 0.002, reaching the average national French estimation of PA level among adults (63.5 %. Conclusions This work showed a significant increase of the proportion of people practicing PA in a disadvantaged neighborhood where a community-based program promoting PA was developed. Simultaneous external interventions contributed to the results, showing the necessity of synergic interventions to reach efficiency.

  18. Finger of a saint, thumb of a priest: medieval relics in the Diocese of Turku, and the archaeology of lived bodies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Visa Immonen

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The relics of Turku Cathedral are remains belonging to the bodies of holy persons, different from ours, even today, although the cathedral is the see for the archbishop of the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Finland, and relics are not on public display. Among the relics of the cathedral, there is a fragment of a radius, which according to its authentica, belongs to St Henry. Relics and reliquaries were in the core of medieval piety, and the cult of saints had infused throughout the society. Due to their central position in culture, relics offer glimpses at a range of material, social and cultural phenomena related to medieval embodiment.The Department of Archaeology at the University of Turku began to study the finger relic of St Eric and other items in the assemblage of Turku Cathedral in 2007. Relics and reliquaries are being opened and documented and organic as well as inorganic samples are being taken for a range of scientific analyses. So far the project has concentrated on building a chronological chart of individual artefacts. The majority of the relics date to the fourteenth century, although much more recent datings have also been obtained. The challenge of the project is not to stop when a better understanding of materials, their origins and age has been accomplished, but to use the results as a steppingstone into a study of the practices of medieval relic veneration. Medieval bodies and those material processes which authenticate relics, or distinguish saints’ bodies from other human remains, are thus at the heart of this article discussing embodiment.

  19. Application of the FluEgg model to predict transport of Asian carp eggs in the Saint Joseph River (Great Lakes tributary)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garcia, Tatiana; Murphy, Elizabeth A.; Jackson, P. Ryan; Garcia, Marcelo H.

    2015-01-01

    The Fluvial Egg Drift Simulator (FluEgg) is a three-dimensional Lagrangian model that simulates the movement and development of Asian carp eggs until hatching based on the physical characteristics of the flow field and the physical and biological characteristics of the eggs. This tool provides information concerning egg development and spawning habitat suitability including: egg plume location, egg vertical and travel time distribution, and egg-hatching risk. A case study of the simulation of Asian carp eggs in the Lower Saint Joseph River, a tributary of Lake Michigan, is presented. The river hydrodynamic input for FluEgg was generated in two ways — using hydroacoustic data and using HEC-RAS model data. The HEC-RAS model hydrodynamic input data were used to simulate 52 scenarios covering a broad range of flows and water temperatures with the eggs at risk of hatching ranging from 0 to 93% depending on river conditions. FluEgg simulations depict the highest percentage of eggs at risk of hatching occurs at the lowest discharge and at peak water temperatures. Analysis of these scenarios illustrates how the interactive relation among river length, hydrodynamics, and water temperature influence egg transport and hatching risk. An improved version of FluEgg, which more realistically simulates dispersion and egg development, is presented. Also presented is a graphical user interface that facilitates the use of FluEgg and provides a set of post-processing analysis tools to support management decision-making regarding the prevention and control of Asian carp reproduction in rivers with or without Asian carp populations.

  20. Description of Citharodactylus gagei n. gen. et n. sp. (Monogenea: Gyrodactylidae) from the moon fish, Citharinus citharus (Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire), from Lake Turkana.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Přikrylová, Iva; Shinn, Andrew P; Paladini, Giuseppe

    2017-01-01

    A new genus and species of monogenean belonging to the Gyrodactylidae, Citharodactylus gagei n. gen. et n. sp. (Plathyhelminthes, Monogenea), is described from the gills of the moon fish, Citharinus citharus (Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire), a characiform fish collected from Lake Turkana in northern Kenya. The new viviparous genus can be readily distinguished from the six other gyrodactylid genera recorded from Africa and from the other viviparous genera within the Gyrodactylidae based on the morphology of the male copulatory organ (MCO), which consists of a muscular ovate organ with an opening onto the tegument through which the narrow tapered end of a sclerotised curved cone-shaped structure protrudes. The tegumental opening of the MCO is surrounded by a collar of short spines. Sequencing of the nuclear ribosomal DNA internal transcribed spacers 1 and 2, the 5.8S and the 18S rDNA genes and a comparison with the gyrodactylid species listed in GenBank confirmed the specimens are unique and do not match with any existing entry. When phylogenies for each genomic region were conducted (i.e. 0.064 gamma-corrected pairwise genetic distance based on a alignment of 1750 bp of the 1857 bp long 18S rDNA gene), the most similar match was that of Afrogyrodactylus sp. [= A. girgifae (Folia Parasitol 61:529-536, 2014)] from Brycinus nurse (Rüppell). The proposed name of the new parasite is Citharodactylus n. gen. which represents the seventh gyrodactylid genus to be found in Africa and the 25th viviparous genus and the 32nd genus to be added to the Gyrodactylidae.

  1. Breast conservation therapy utilizing partial breast brachytherapy for early-stage cancer of the breast: a retrospective review from the Saint Luke's Cancer Institute.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Edwards, Jason M; Herzberg, Susan M; Shook, John W; Beirne, Tammy K N; Schomas, David A

    2015-04-01

    Accelerated partial breast irradiation (APBI) is a convenient alternative to whole-breast irradiation, as less overall time is needed for completion. The use of APBI outside the framework of large prospective clinical trials has markedly increased. To our knowledge, no high-volume, community-based breast program has published their experience with APBI. The records of 93 consecutive patients who underwent APBI utilizing Mammosite Radiation Therapy System from 2005 to 2010 at Saint Luke's Cancer Institute in Kansas City, MO, were retrospectively reviewed. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to estimate the ipsilateral breast recurrence rate and recurrence-free survival. Median age at diagnosis was 63 years (range, 45 to 86 y) and mean follow-up was 29 months. Patient stratification ASTRO consensus classifications for APBI was 37% suitable, 57% cautionary, and 6% unsuitable. The 3-year breast control rate was 98.7%. Three-year overall recurrence-free survival was 94.4%, and 3-year mastectomy-free survival was 97.4%. Using univariate analysis, no tumor or patient factors were associated with ipsilateral breast recurrence. However, tumor grade (P<0.05), stage (P=0.04), estrogen receptor status (P<0.001), progesterone receptor status (P<0.001), tumor size (P<0.001), and ASTRO suitability criteria (P=0.027) were associated with overall recurrence-free survival. No differences were observed when outcomes of patients with ductal carcinoma in situ were compared with those with invasive disease. In our high-volume community-based program, APBI outcomes are comparable with those reported from large academic institutions. We also found relationships between tumor stage, grade, negative estrogen receptor status, and ASTRO suitability criteria with overall recurrence rates. The continued careful application of APBI in appropriately selected patients appears warranted until phase III trials comparing this modality to whole-breast irradiation have matured.

  2. Improving the Accuracy of Extracting Surface Water Quality Levels (SWQLs) Using Remote Sensing and Artificial Neural Network: a Case Study in the Saint John River, Canada

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sammartano, G.; Spanò, A.

    2017-09-01

    Delineating accurate surface water quality levels (SWQLs) always presents a great challenge to researchers. Existing methods of assessing surface water quality only provide individual concentrations of monitoring stations without providing the overall SWQLs. Therefore, the results of existing methods are usually difficult to be understood by decision-makers. Conversely, the water quality index (WQI) can simplify surface water quality assessment process to be accessible to decision-makers. However, in most cases, the WQI reflects inaccurate SWQLs due to the lack of representative water samples. It is very challenging to provide representative water samples because this process is costly and time consuming. To solve this problem, we introduce a cost-effective method which combines the Landsat-8 imagery and artificial intelligence to develop models to derive representative water samples by correlating concentrations of ground truth water samples to satellite spectral information. Our method was validated and the correlation between concentrations of ground truth water samples and predicted concentrations from the developed models reached a high level of coefficient of determination (R2) > 0.80, which is trustworthy. Afterwards, the predicted concentrations over each pixel of the study area were used as an input to the WQI developed by the Canadian Council of Ministers of the Environment to extract accurate SWQLs, for drinking purposes, in the Saint John River. The results indicated that SWQL was observed as 67 (Fair) and 59 (Marginal) for the lower and middle basins of the river, respectively. These findings demonstrate the potential of using our approach in surface water quality management.

  3. Proceedings of the XXI International Workshop High Energy Physics and Quantum Field Theory (QFTHEP 2013). 23 30 June, 2013. Saint Petersburg Area, Russia

    Science.gov (United States)

    The Workshop continues a series of workshops started by the Skobeltsyn Institute of Nuclear Physics of Lomonosov Moscow State University (SINP MSU) in 1985 and conceived with the purpose of presenting topics of current interest and providing a stimulating environment for scientific discussion on new developments in theoretical and experimental high energy physics and physical programs for future colliders. Traditionally the list of workshop attendees includes a great number of active young scientists and students from Russia and other countries. This year the Workshop is organized jointly by the SINP MSU and the SPbSU and it will take place in the holiday hotel "Baltiets" situated in a picturesque place of the Karelian Isthmus on the shore of the Gulf of Finland in the suburb of the second largest Russian city Saint Petersburg. Scientific program, the main topics to be covered are: * Higgs searches and other experimental results from the LHC and the Tevatron; impact of the Higgs-like boson observed * Physics prospects at Linear Colliders and super B-factories * Extensions of the Standard Model and their phenomenological consequences at the LHC and Linear Colliders * Higher order corrections and resummations for collider phenomenology * Automatic calculations and Monte Carlo simulations in high energy physics * LHC/LC and astroparticle/cosmology connections * Modern nuclear physics and relativistic nucleous-nucleous collisions * Detectors for future experiments in high energy physics The Workshop will include plenary and two parallel afternoon sessions. The plenary sessions will consist of invited lectures. The afternoon sessions will include original talks. Further details are given at http://qfthep.sinp.msu.ru

  4. La résidence urbaine des administrateurs coloniaux de Saint-Domingue dans la seconde moitié du XVIIIe siècle Urban residency of the colonial administrators of Saint-Domingue in the second half of the 18th century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zélie Navarro-Andraud

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Colonie la plus riche du royaume de France au XVIIIe siècle, Saint-Domingue a connu une structuration spécifique de son territoire en vertu de l’économie de plantation alors développée dans l’île. La présence de deux villes d’importance dans l’île (Port-au-Prince et Le Cap permet d’aborder cette problématique. Lieu du pouvoir politique et économique, la cité apparaît également comme le lieu de résidence privilégié des administrateurs coloniaux. Cette affirmation, dans le contexte colonial dominguois, n’est en rien l’énoncé d’une évidence. En effet, nombre d’administrateurs préfèrent résider sur leur « habitation », pour des questions personnelles de gestion de biens, plutôt que d’occuper un logement en ville. Ainsi, la question de la résidence urbaine des administrateurs se révèle être pertinente dans l’étude des sociétés coloniales, ouvrant la voie à de multiples interrogations : Quelles spécificités du développement urbain caractérisent la ville coloniale ? Quels sont les divers types de logements urbains occupés par les administrateurs coloniaux ? Quelles en sont les caractéristiques ? Enfin, appréhender ces deux questionnements, n’est-ce pas également s’interroger sur la perception qu’ont les administrateurs de la cité coloniale et sur l’usage qu’ils font de l’espace urbain ?The territory of Saint-Domingue, the richest French colony of the 18th century, was structured by the plantation economy which developed on the island. The existence of two important cities on the island (Port-au-Prince and Le Cap provides a way of approaching this issue. The site of political and economic power, the city was also the preferred place of residence of the colonial administrators. This assertion is not, in the colonial context of Saint-Domingue, by any means obvious. Indeed, many administrators preferred to live on their plantations to allow them to manage their personal

  5. Des Méridionales à la Cour : l’exemple des demoiselles de Saint‑Cyr (1686‑1793 Southerners at the Court: the example of the ‘demoiselles’ of Saint-Cyr (1686–1793

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dominique Picco

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Certes Saint‑Cyr n’est pas Versailles, mais la proximité entre le château et la maison royale de Saint‑Louis est grande ; pour autant les liens entre cet établissement et la Cour ne se limitent pas à un voisinage géographique. Réservée aux demoiselles de la noblesse pauvre, cette institution est née en 1686 de la rencontre des passions éducatives de Mme de Maintenon avec la volonté politique du Roi‑Soleil de fidéliser une catégorie sociale désormais qualifiée par les historiens de noblesse « seconde ». La protection du monarque, éclatante sous Louis XIV, se fit plus discrète pendant les règnes de Louis XV et Louis XVI sans jamais, pour autant, être remise en question. À partir des Preuves de noblesse des demoiselles conservées à la BnF et du fonds Saint‑Cyr des Archives départementales des Yvelines, on connaît le lieu de baptême – assimilable au lieu de naissance –des 3 155 demoiselles qui fréquentèrent la maison jusqu’à sa fermeture en 1793. Parmi elles, 413 sont nées dans le Sud de la France. Pour faire le portrait de ces Méridionales, trois axes ont été retenus, la place du Midi ou des Midis dans le recrutement de la maison, la noblesse de ces lignages et le destin des anciennes élèves, marqué ou non par un retour au pays natal.Saint-Cyr is certainly not Versailles, but there was a close proximity between the Maison royale de Saint-Louis (known simply as Saint-Cyr and the palace, links that were not merely geographic. Reserved for the daughters of impoverished French nobility, Saint-Cyr was created in 1686 from the convergence between Madame de Maintenon’s passion for education and the Sun King’s political will to win the fidelity of a social category now known by historians as the ‘noblesse seconde’. During the reign of Louis XIV, support for the school was strong, but it was more subdued during the reigns of Louis XV and Louis XVI, though support was always present

  6. Deux occupations rurales de La Tène ancienne à Sainte-Maure-de-Touraine, Les Chauffeaux (Indre-et-Loire Two early La Tène rural occupations at Sainte-Maure-De-Touraine, Les Chauffeaux (Indre-et-Loire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dorothée Lusson

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available La fouille préventive au lieu-dit Les Chauffeaux sur la commune de Sainte Maure-de-Touraine, en Indre-et-Loire, a permis la découverte de deux occupations de l’âge du Fer. La première installation, caractérisée par quelques fosses et des bâtiments, est datée de La Tène A1 soit entre le deuxième et le troisième quart du ve s. avant notre ère. Pour cette première phase du site, un exceptionnel élément de carquois bi-métallique constitue probablement un dépôt, rare en contexte d’habitat. La seconde occupation correspond à La Tène B, soit le ive et le début du iiie s. avant notre ère ; elle se compose d’une petite batterie de silos et de quelques bâtiments sur poteaux. L’analyse du mobilier autorise à proposer un cadre chronologique et environnemental à ces deux établissements ouverts. Ces deux occupations concourent à la connaissance des établissements ruraux du début du deuxième âge du Fer en Touraine dans un paysage encore très mal connu.The rescue excavation at Les Chauffeaux in the municipality of Saint Maure-de-Touraine in Indre-et-Loire has enabled the discovery of two occupations from the Iron Age. The first installation, characterized by some pits and buildings, has been dated to La Tène A1 (480-430 BC. For this first phase of the site, an exceptional element of bi-metallic quiver constitutes a likely deposit, rare in this context. The second occupation corresponds to La Tène B, that is the 4th and the beginning of the 3th century BC; it consists of a small battery of silos and of some buildings on posts. The analysis of archaeological material makes it possible to suggest a chronological and environmental frame in these two open establishments. These two occupations contribute to the knowledge of the rural establishments of the beginning of the second Iron Age in Touraine in a still very little known landscape.

  7. L'établissement rural des ixe-xe siècles des “ Jeanrais ” à Saint-Prix (Allier The 9th-10th century rural establishment of “Jeanrais” at Saint-Prix (Allier

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sophie Liegard

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Le site des “ Jeanrais ” a été découvert en 1999 lors du diagnostic préalable à l'aménagement du contournement routier de Lapalisse/Saint-Prix par la route nationale 7. La fouille préventive conduite en 2003 a permis d'étudier près de 4000 m2 de ce vaste établissement rural d'époque carolingienne qui se prolonge de part et d'autre de l'emprise routière et dont l'occupation s'étend sur au moins deux siècles. Les vestiges mis au jour témoignent d'une organisation rigoureuse de l'espace qui ne trouve pas de parallèle régionalement. Le bon état de conservation des vestiges a permis l'identification de plusieurs plans de bâtiments sur poteaux dont un qui abritait un aménagement semi-excavé de plan en “ U ”. Le mobilier recueilli comprend des éléments peu communs tels que des ratés de cuisson de céramique glaçurée et du mobilier équestre. L'ensemble des données recueillies dans les deux zones successives d'occupation révèle des caractéristiques inhabituelles qui conduisent à s'interroger sur le statut de cette implantation.The site of “Jeanrais” was discovered in 1999 during the diagnosis preliminary to the construction of a bypass for Lapalisse/Saint-Prix by trunk road N7. The rescue dig carried out in 2003 was used to study near to 4000 m² of this vast rural settlement of the Carolingian period which extends on either side of the road expropriation and whose occupation spans at least two centuries. The remains uncovered evidence of meticulous organization of space that has no regional parallel. The good state of preservation of the remains has led to the identification of several plans of post buildings one of which housed a semi-excavated development in the shape of a “U”. The collected furnishings include items such as unusual glazed ceramic firing failures and some horse fittings. The data collected in the two successive zones of occupation reveal unusual features which raise questions about

  8. Development of biomass production technology in the Haut-Saint-Laurent - phase 1 (1995-1998) : final report; Mise au point d'une technologie operationnelle de production de biomasse dans la region du Haut-Saint-Laurent - phase 1 (1995-1998) : rapport final

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Labrecque, M.; Teodorescu, T.I. [Institut de recherche en biologie vegetale, Montreal, PQ (Canada)

    1998-03-01

    Short-rotation intensive culture on abandoned farmlands has been used successfully in Sweden to produce woody biomass as a renewable energy source. Because of changing economic conditions, thousands of hectares of farmland are abandoned every year in Quebec. Although it is impractical to use this land to farm conventional crops, it is nevertheless well-suited for tree plantations. In Quebec, experiments with this method have been conducted since 1995 in the rural municipality of Haut Saint-Laurent to farm Salix discolor and Salix viminalis as sources of biomass fuels. The final results of Phase I of this project were presented. This first phase, from 1995-1998, included the period from the planting to the first harvesting of willow branches on a total of six hectares of abandoned farmlands. Three of these hectares were on well-drained sandy soils and three on poorly-drained clay soils. Specific recommendations on farming and harvesting methods are made. 48 refs., 14 tabs., 10 figs.

  9. Development of biomass production technology in the Haut-Saint-Laurent region (south-west of Quebec) - phase 2 : interim report 2000-2001; Mise au point d'une technologie operationnelle de production de biomasse dans la region du Haut-Saint-Laurent (sud-ouest du Quebec) - phase 2 : rapport d'etape 2000-2001

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Labrecque, M.; Teodorescu, T.I. [Institut de recherche en biologie vegetale, Montreal, PQ (Canada)

    2001-03-01

    Short-rotation intensive culture (SRIC) on abandoned farmlands has successfully been used in Sweden to produce woody biomass as a renewable energy source. Because of changing economic conditions, thousands of hectares of farmland are abandoned every year in Quebec. Although it is impractical to use this land to farm conventional crops, it is nevertheless well-suited for tree plantations. In Quebec, experiments with this method have been conducted since 1995 in the rural municipality of Haut Saint-Laurent to farm Salix discolor and Salix viminalis as sources of biomass fuels. Results of work done from 2000 to 2001 in the context of Phase 2 of this project were presented. During this time, the regrowth of branches was evaluated following the harvesting of the first crop of branches at the end of 1997. A total of six hectares were planted; three on well-drained sandy soils and three on poorly-drained clay soils. In addition, the results of a new project initiated in collaboration with researchers at the State University of New York (SUNY) were also presented. This last project involved the planting of two clones of poplar and ten clones of willow on a single hectare of land, always with the objective of producing biomass fuels. 59 refs., 12 tabs., 4 figs.

  10. Adresato problema verčiant: Antoine de Saint-Exupéry Mažojo Princo vertimai į lietuvių kalbą | Problème de destinataire en traduction: traductions de Le Petit Prince de Antoine de Saint-Exupéry en lituanien

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liucija Černiuvienė

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Le présent article traite le problème du destinataire dans le processus de la traduction littéraire. Est soulevée surtout la problématique du double destinataire, de celui qui est l’enfant et de celui qui est adulte. Les problèmes sont analysés en se basant sur le conte philosophique de Antoine de Saint-Exupéry Le Petit Prince en prenant en compte que cette oeuvre est destinée aux enfants ainsi qu’aux adultes. Après avoir fait une analyse des exemples tirés de deux traductions en lituanien, après les avoir comparées avec l’original il est à noter que le traducteur d’une des deux traductions a pris en compte les deux destinataires tandis que le deuxième traducteur a traduit plutôt en orientant son travail vers le lecteur adulte. La responsabilité de la traduction littéraire tombe sans doute sur le traducteur alors sa prise de décision doit être bien mesurée et motivée en ce qui concerne tout élément du sens à transmettre en langue cible.

  11. Saint-Laurent-des-Eaux plant - Report on the complementary safety assessment of nuclear facilities in the light of the Fukushima accident; Saint-Laurent-des-eaux - Rapport d'evaluation complementaire de la surete des installations nucleaires au regard de l'accident de Fukushima

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2011-09-15

    This CSA (Complementary Safety Assessment) analyses the robustness of the Saint-Laurent-des-Eaux plant to extreme situations such as those that led to the Fukushima accident and proposes a series of improvements. Robustness is the ability for the plant to withstand events beyond the level for which the plant was designed. Robustness is linked to safety margins but also to the situations leading to a sudden deterioration of the accident sequence. Safety is not only a matter of design or of engineered systems, it is also a matter of organization. So issues like EDF's crisis organization, the organization of radiation protection, and work organization via subcontracting are also taken into consideration. The creation of a nuclear rapid action force (FARN) is proposed: this will be a national emergency force made up of specialized teams equipped to intervene in less than 24 hours on a nuclear site hit by an accident. This report is divided into 8 main chapters: 1) features of the site, 2) earthquake risk, 3) flooding risk, 4) risks due to other extreme natural disasters, 5) the loss of electrical power supplies and of heat sink, 6) management of severe accidents (accidents with core melt), 7) task subcontracting policy, 8) synthesis and list of improvements. 4 following appendices review: EDF's crisis organization, the FARN, radiation protection organization and accidental event trees. (A.C.)

  12. Saint-Alban plant - Report on the complementary safety assessment of nuclear facilities in the light of the Fukushima accident; Saint-Alban - Rapport d'evaluation complementaire de la surete des installations nucleaires au regard de l'accident de Fukushima

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2011-09-15

    This CSA (Complementary Safety Assessment) analyses the robustness of the Saint-Alban plant to extreme situations such as those that led to the Fukushima accident and proposes a series of improvements. Robustness is the ability for the plant to withstand events beyond the level for which the plant was designed. Robustness is linked to safety margins but also to the situations leading to a sudden deterioration of the accident sequence. Safety is not only a matter of design or of engineered systems, it is also a matter of organization. So issues like EDF's crisis organization, the organization of radiation protection, and work organization via subcontracting are also taken into consideration. The creation of a nuclear rapid action force (FARN) is proposed: this will be a national emergency force made up of specialized teams equipped to intervene in less than 24 hours on a nuclear site hit by an accident. This report is divided into 8 main chapters: 1) features of the site, 2) earthquake risk, 3) flooding risk, 4) risks due to other extreme natural disasters, 5) the loss of electrical power supplies and of heat sink, 6) management of severe accidents (accidents with core melt), 7) task subcontracting policy, 8) synthesis and list of improvements. 4 following appendices review: EDF's crisis organization, the FARN, radiation protection organization and accidental event trees. (A.C.)

  13. [The link between aggressive behavior and depression in adolescence. A cross-sectional study conducted in the psychiatric emergency unit at the Sainte-Anne hospital].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benarous, X; Guedj, M J; Braitman, A; Gallois, E; Lana, P

    2014-12-01

    The link between depression and aggressive behavior in adults has been found in many studies. In adolescents, this relationship is still controversial. Several studies point out that irritability is a key symptom in adolescent depressed. Few studies have analyzed precisely the kind of aggressive behavior. This study sets out to assess the relationship between aggressive behavior and depressive affects in adolescents. We also pay attention in this population to hopelessness feelings, anxiety, global functioning and the type of aggressive behavior. This is a descriptive and observational cross-sectional study. Data was collected from 49 successive adolescents admitted for a 24-hour evaluation in the emergency department of the Sainte-Anne psychiatric hospital. The inclusion period was from February to April 2012, with age limits between 15 and 18. For each patient, the clinician completed with the parents or other caregivers the Modified Overt Aggressive Scale (MOAS) searching for existence of aggressive behavior in the week prior to the consultation. The population was divided into two groups: P- group when the MOAS score was Aggression Questionnaire (QA), the Beck Hopelessness scale and the Adolescent Depression Rating Scale for patients (ADRSp). Forty-nine adolescents with a median age of 16 years and 4 months participated. The first reason for consultation was depressive symptoms, followed by disruptive behavior. The analysis was conducted on 39 questionnaires. The demographic profile of the two groups was similar. We did not find any significant difference between the groups P+ and P- on ADRSc scores and secondary criteria. However, we found higher scores in the QA in the more depressed patient, especially a higher hostility score in this sample. In the subgroup analysis: as expected self-aggressive behavior was associated with a higher depression score, more hospitalization and a poor global functioning score. Surprisingly, the patients who showed physical

  14. Sacred History for a Central Asian TownSaints, Shrines, and Legends of Origin inHistories of Sayrām, 18th-19th Centuries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Devin DeWeese

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Cet article étudie les mythes historiques concernant Sayrām, une petite ville du sud de l'actuel Kazakhstan, cas exemplaire de concepts indigènes d'identité communautaire en Asie centrale pré-soviétique. Ces traditions sont conservées dans un ensemble de travaux en turc, sous le titre générique de « Histoire de Sayrām », qui combine une « histoire sacrée » de la ville avec une « géographie sacrée » sous la forme d'un catalogue de mausolées locaux ; ces deux composantes situent ainsi Sayrām à la fois dans le temps et dans l'espace, à l'intérieur d'un univers sacré défini en tant qu'islamique. Elles offrent une vision de la participation de cette ville à un cadre historique déterminé par l'hommage sanctificateur du Prophète Muhammad à Sayrām, et une affirmation de la présence continue et de la protection, à travers leurs mausolées, d'une multitude de saints musulmans (comprenant aussi bien des personnages purement locaux que d'autres bien connus dans le folklore islamique. Ces ouvrages, compilés vraisemblablement au XVIIIe siècle et répandus très largement dans la seconde moitié du XIXe siècle, reflètent souvent d'anciennes traditions narratives évocatrices du rôle de Sayrām au début de l'islamisation de l'Asie centrale. Mais elles montrent également l'importance capitale de la définition par la religion des identités locales et régionales, au sein de la population sédentaire d'Asie centrale, avant les changements induits par la conquête russe, l'établissement du pouvoir soviétique et la formulation des nouvelles identités « nationales » qui perdurent aujourd'hui.

  15. Assessing spatial trends of cultural stone weathering intensity using a hardness tester: The case of Manglieu Saint-Sébastien church (France)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roussel, Erwan; Gruson, Soizic; Vautier, Franck; Voldoire, Olivier; André, Marie-Françoise

    2014-05-01

    In heritage science, the quantitative assessment of rock hardness is of primary interest to characterize the degree of weathering of a cultural stone. Modern hardness testers are non-destructive and can be used on cultural heritage materials to collect repeated measurements of rock strength without causing damage. Furthermore, the development of portable solutions such as the Equotip Piccolo 2 facilitates the in situ hardness survey of a whole façade of a monument. It allows to address the question of spatial variability of weathering intensity within a monument, and the mapping of hardness values can reveal strong gradients or discontinuities in stone decay induced by restoration operations. The present study deals with the spatial distribution of stone hardness on the façade of the Saint-Sébastien Romanesque abbey church at Manglieu, in the French Massif Central. It was built during the twelfth century and listed as a protected historic monument in 1840. During the Late 19th century, the lower part of the west-facing wall was restored and the original gneissic material was replaced by granitic ashlars. Since this operation, an intense deterioration has affected the original gneissic stones overlying the granitic base of the wall. Our objective is to quantitatively assess the effect of this restoration on the current spatial trends of the gneiss hardness. Rock strength values were collected using the portable hardness tester Equotip Piccolo 2, and the spatial distribution was investigated at two scales: (i) At the portal scale, the hardness values of all stones were measured based on 30 values per stone; (ii) At the stone scale, a systematic sampling method was performed on two gneissic ashlars in order to collect hardness values over a grid of 9 cm resolution. On each sample, the repeated impact method was performed: 20 consecutive measurements at the same location were collected in order to reconstruct the spatial variation of weathering degree within the

  16. Pour la fête de notre séraphique mère sainte Thérèse: A Teresian Celebration in Verse, and a Concise View of French Carmelite Poetry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Hanna

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This article commemorating the 500th anniversary of the birth of Teresa of Avila has two purposes: one, the presentation and analysis of a newly discovered poem composed in honor or Teresa of Avila in the French Carmelite convent of Saint-Denis (Paris and two, a brief overview of recent scholarly work on French Carmelite poetry. It is proposed in the article that the poems of Teresa of Avila, not always considered important in their own right, should be re-considered and re-contextualized as foundational texts in a long tradition of Carmelite poetry that is both international and multilingual. Aquest article commemoratiu del 500 aniversari del naixement de Teresa d’Àvila té dos propòsits: el primer, la presentació i l’anàlisi d’un poema acabat de descobrir i fet en honor de Teresa d’Àvila al convent carmelità francés de Saint-Denis (París i, en segon lloc, una breu descripció del treball acadèmic recent sobre la poesia carmelitana francesa. Es proposa a l’article que els poemes de Teresa d’Àvila, no sempre considerats importants per dret propi, s’han de tornar a considerar i recontextualitzar com textos fundacionals d’una llarga tradició de la poesia dels carmelitans, que és, alhora, internacional i multilingüe.

  17. Niki de Saint Phalle's lifelong dialogue between art and diseases: psychological trauma of sexual abuse, transient selective IgA deficiency, occupational exposure to toxic plastic material, chronic lung disease, rheumatoid arthritis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zeidler, Henning

    2013-05-01

    The French artist Niki de Saint Phalle (1930-2002) is one of the most famous female painter and sculptor of the 20th century. Her eventful live was full of emotional and physical burdens such as abuse by the father as a adolescent, early separation from family, nervous collapse, turbulent relationship with the artist Jean Tinguely, and last not least serious diseases. The psychological trauma of sexual abuse together with a "nervous breakdown" years later was the start of a life as an artist and is also a key to her art of the early years. She was affected from rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and was treated over 20 years with prednisolone and antimalarials leading to a good functional outcome and limited erosions of the wrist joint. Additionally, she had lifelong pulmonary disorders finally leading to death, which she attributed to polyester, the material used for her sculptures. An analysis of medical documents collected by her and provided by treating physicians gives another surprising explanation: selective IgA deficiency with multiple recurrent respiratory infections, asthma, milk intolerance, autoimmune thyroiditis, and RA compatible with hypogammaglobulinemia. Very unique in case of Niki de Saint Phalle is that IgA deficiency was transient. Nevertheless, it may be possible that the occupational exposure with art materials (polystyrene, polyester) has contributed in part or temporarily to her health problems. Altogether, her enormous artistic productivity represents an outstanding example of creative coping with RA and other lifelong health problems. Copyright © 2013. Published by Elsevier SAS.

  18. Sydenham Chorea (Saint Vitus Dance)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... NINDS Clinical Trials Brain for Life Patient & Caregiver Education Fact Sheets Hope Through Research Know Your Brain ... the Spotlight Find NINDS Clinical Trials Patient & Caregiver Education Fact Sheets Hope Through Research Know Your Brain ...

  19. São Cosme e Damião, carnaval e semana da criança: olhares e vozes das crianças em registros fotográficos / Saint Côme et Saint Damien, le carnaval et la semaine de l'enfance: des regardes et des enfants dans les docukents photographies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Cristina Coll Delgado

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Nesse artigo apresentamos uma pesquisa com crianças que focalizou a participação infantil em festas populares e datas comemorativas. Analisamos os olhares e vozes das crianças acerca das festas de São Cosme e São Damião, Carnaval e Semana da Criança. No estudo da problemática dialogamos com a sociologia da infância e com outras áreas das ciências humanas.. O material empírico constituiu-se de anotações em diários de campo, entrevistas e fotografias produzidas pelas crianças. A análise com base nas fotografias e nos comentários das crianças possibilitou selecionar as principais categorias que denominamos “composições fotográficas das crianças”. São elas: as ações e comportamentos dos adultos nas festas e na pesquisa, ações que envolvem consumo, diversão, brinquedos e brincadeiras e a participação das crianças nas festas e na pesquisa. As fotografias e vozes das crianças expressam as diferenças de suas histórias pessoais, das suas culturas e experiências e relações com seus contextos.Percebemos o quanto sua participação nas festas foi facilitada ou inibida pelas condições econômicas e sociais, pelas ideologias, pelo nível de desenvolvimento social e o bem-estar delas próprias e de seus familiares.Resumé Dans cet article, nous présentons une enquête auprès des enfants qui portent sur la participation des enfants dans les fêtes populaires et les dates commémoratives. Nous avons analysé les points de vue et les voix des enfants au sujet de la fête de Saint Côme et Saint Damien, le Carnaval et la Semaine de l'enfance. Dans cet étude nous avons dialogué avec la sociologie de l'enfance et d'autres domaines des sciences humaines. Les données empiriques se composent de l'observation participante avec des notes sur le terrain et des interviews pour débattre avec les enfants sur leurs photographies. L'analyse, fondée sur les photographies et les commentaires des enfants ont permis de s

  20. La Fundación Saint-Simon y el debate sobre la modernización en Francia: Las pautas de una vocación homogeneizadora La Fundación Saint-Simon y el debate sobre la modernización en Francia: Las pautas de una vocación homogeneizadora

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco José Martínez Mesa

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available La Fundación Saint-Simon, una asociación a medio camino entre los Think tank anglosajones y los clubes de cooptación franceses, trató, durante sus dieciocho años de existencia (1982-1999, de construir puentes entre políticos de derecha e izquierda moderada, empresarios, intelectuales, académicos e ideólogos políticos. Su objetivo sería un proyecto intelectual de reforma de la sociedad traída por unas elites que pretenden encarnar el bien común, en la línea de lo planteado por Pierre Rosanvallon, uno de sus máximos representantes, en el sentido de que, lo más urgente era producir ideas, elaborar proyectos, formular diagnósticos. Este artículo tiene como principal objetivo ofrecer una visión general de una asociación —con especial incidencia en sus fines, funcionamiento e influencia— que, reagrupando siempre a intelectuales, altos funcionarios e industriales intentó permanecer como un ámbito de iniciativas para formular proyectos orientados a una mejor inteligibilidad de nuestras sociedades contemporáneas. Se trataba de auspiciar un espacio para la elaboración y difusión de nuevas maneras de percibir el mundo social. Y así fue: allí se modelarían visiones compartidas de la sociedad que acabarían por abarcar una gran cantidad de cuestiones, con unas conclusiones que —pese a no ser jamás verificadas científicamente o llevadas al menos a la práctica— acabarán deviniendo en evidencias indiscutibles, en el contexto de una sociedad que se quiere plenamente homogeneizada.The Saint-Simon Foundation, an association halfway between the Anglo-Saxon Think tank and the French clubs of co-optation, tried to construct bridges between right-wing politicians and moderate left, industrialists, intellectuals, academic and political ideologists during its eighteen years of existence. Its objective was to be an intellectual project of reform of the society brought by elites that tried to incarnate the common good, in the manner