WorldWideScience

Sample records for rustom jal vakil

  1. Kisah Cinta Platonik Jalâl al-Dîn al-Rûmî

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zayyin Alfi Jihad

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The research attempts to discover and find the very roots of love concept by Jalâl al-Dîn Rûmî to develop Sufism method, which connects human’s hearts with their God. This study employs philosophical qualitative method, which tends to be descriptive and interpretative. Using the basis of love, Jalâl al-Dîn Rûmî built sufistic epistemological foundation in the form of mystical poems. Poems are means of spiritual pilgrimage, which is performed in order to find the culmination of fusion ectacy between human and their God, i.e. Allah The Almighty.

  2. Antihyperglycemic and Antiobesity Effects of JAL2 on db/db Mice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    In-Seung Lee

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Lonicera japonica Thunb. (LJT and Rehmannia glutinosa Libosch. (RGL have been used traditionally as a herbal medicine in Korean medicine. Using LC/Q-TOF was performed to profile the two herbal medicines and the mixture of LJR and RGL (JAL2, ratio 1 : 1. We performed oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT and plasma GLP-1 and insulin secretion by multiplex assays to investigate antidiabetic effects of LJT, RGL, and JAL2 in db/db mice, the mice model of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM. Also, the antiobesity-related factors such as plasma peptide YY (PYY, triglyceride, total cholesterol, HDL, LDL, and weight of liver, epididymal, and retroperitoneal fat tissue were investigated. Through the multiplex assay, it was found that JAL2 treatment more efficiently attenuated high levels of blood glucose by stimulating GLP-1 secretion and reduced LDL concentration and weight of liver and retroperitoneal fat tissue compared to LJT or RGL treated separately. These results suggest that the JAL2 has antidiabetes and antiobesity effects in T2DM mice model.

  3. Sedimentological characteristics of the surficial deposits of the Jal Az-Zor area, Kuwait

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Bakri, D.; Kittaneh, W.; Shublaq, W.

    1988-10-01

    The purpose of this article is to discuss the nature and characteristics of the surface geology of the Jal Az-Zor escarpment and the adjacent area, to better understand the sedimentology of desert landforms, and the main factors controlling depositional and diagenetic processes active in this environment. The oldest outcrops along the face of the escarpment are the sand and sandstone sequences of the Mutla and Jal Az-Zor Formations of the Kuwait Group (Neogene). Gravelly deposits of the upper member of the Kuwait Group, Dibdibba Formation (Pleistocene) are restricted to a few hillocks and ridges in the summit area of the escarpment. The Neogene deposits in most of the study area are overlain by a veneer of unconsolidated Holocene sediments. These were classified, according to their morphological setting and field occurrence, into: coastal deposits (intertidal mud, sabkha deposits, and sand dunes) and inland deposits (sand drifts, slope deposits, wadi fills, residual deposits and playa deposits). Wind-born quartzitic sand is the most common Holocene sediment in the study area indicating the dominance of the aeolian processes. Gypsum and carbonate present as cementing materials or in the form of gypcrete and calcrete, respectively, are characteristic sedimentological features of the pre-Holocene deposits. Gypcrete and gypsum cement are abundant in the upper section of the escarpment and decreases downward, whereas the carbonate (calcrete) shows a reverse pattern, i.e., it becomes more dominant in the lower section of the escarpment. The source of sulphate ions in the groundwater that is responsible for the development of gypcrete is believed to be the evaporites in the lower section of the Neogene sequence. The source of ions for the formation of calcrete and calcite cement is less understood due to the lack of significant primary carbonates in the near-surface deposits. It is believed that the nature and distribution of the chemically precipitated material (gypsum

  4. "edo jal̀qkina üts̀varòkaetus ma vaelda ..." : [luuletused] / Andreas Kalkun

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalkun, Andreas, 1977-

    2002-01-01

    Sisu: "edo jal̀qkina üts̀varòkaetus ma vaelda ..." ; "tsirguq ku kiviq no satassõ taivast aràlaq ..." ; "vahtsõq silmäq pitsitä pääluu sisse ..." ; "tõppõ tõmmat haigõst ma haarõt jal̀ki ..." ; "arsatas njago sisse aigopiteh ..." ; "rühkeq yks jumalat pallõlda jaloh ..." ; "mu süä om no süüdläne täǹtäseq kuvvõ ..." ; "halvaq haavaq häitsese veiga silmih. Eluloolisi andmeid autori kohta lk. 379

  5. "edo jal̀qkina üts̀varòkaetus ma vaelda ..." : [luuletused] / Andreas Kalkun

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalkun, Andreas, 1977-

    2002-01-01

    Sisu: "edo jal̀qkina üts̀varòkaetus ma vaelda ..." ; "tsirguq ku kiviq no satassõ taivast aràlaq ..." ; "vahtsõq silmäq pitsitä pääluu sisse ..." ; "tõppõ tõmmat haigõst ma haarõt jal̀ki ..." ; "arsatas njago sisse aigopiteh ..." ; "rühkeq yks jumalat pallõlda jaloh ..." ; "mu süä om no süüdläne täǹtäseq kuvvõ ..." ; "halvaq haavaq häitsese veiga silmih. Eluloolisi andmeid autori kohta lk. 379

  6. La biblioteca como laboratorio. Comentario del libro “El laboratorio de Foucault (Descifrar y ordenar)” de Mauricio Jalón

    OpenAIRE

    Cervantes, Emilio

    2014-01-01

    El comentario del libro “El laboratorio de Foucault (Descifrar y ordenar)” de Mauricio Jalón sirve para defender la aplicación del estructuralismo a la Biología (en contra del positivismo y del evolucionismo).

  7. Eficacia del JAL 90458 sobre el recrecimiento de placa en pacientes con aparatología fija multibrackets

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P.C. Claudet Angulo

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Introducción. El objetivo fue evaluar la eficacia del JAL 90458 sobre el recrecimiento de placa en pacientes con aparatología fija "multibrackets". Material y métodos. Participaron 16 sujetos (11 mujeres y 5 hombres entre 12 a 39 años de edad. El estudio fue realizado bajo condiciones de un ensayo clínico, aleatorizado, doble ciego y paralelo de grupos balanceados usando un diseño de recrecimiento de placa. Los sujetos recibieron una profilaxis oral y suspendieron toda medida de higiene oral por los siguientes 4 días, usando sólo el gel asignado. Se evaluó el Índice de placa de Quigley-Hein modificado por Turesky (IPQH-T, el Índice de placa bracket (IPb y el Índice de Sangrado al Sondaje (ISS. Para el análisis de datos se utilizó el test de la t de Student para muestras independientes, el test exacto de Fisher y el coeficiente de correlación de Pearson. Resultados. Se obtuvieron diferencias estadísticamente significativa entre el JAL 90458 y el gel control en el IPQH-T (2,52±0,57 vs 1,78±0,79, p<0,05, así como en el IPb (2,04±0,73 vs 1,27±0,59, p<0,05, y ISS (1,24±0,20 vs 0,48±0,24, p<0,05. Hubo una alta correlación entre el IPb y el IPQH-T (r=0,94, p<0,01. La ecuación de regresión lineal para predecir el valor del IPQH-T a través del IPb fue: IPQH-T=0,568+0,956 * IPb. Discusión. La aplicación del JAL 90458 en pacientes con aparatos fijos "multibrackets" demostró ser eficaz en la disminución del recrecimiento de placa bacteriana. No se detectó ningún efecto secundario clínico relevante.

  8. VEGETACIÓN, RESIDUOS DE MINA Y ELEMENTOS POTENCIALMENTE TÓXICOS DE UN JAL DE PACHUCA, HIDALGO, MÉXICO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. Hernández-Acosta

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Se estudió un jal de mina en Pachuca Hidalgo, con la caracterización física y química de residuos mineros, el contenido de elementos potencialmente tóxicos (cadmio, cobre, manganeso, níquel, plomo y zinc y parámetros de vegetación. Se definieron nueve sitios de muestreo en el jal, en muestras compuestas se determinaron las características físicas, químicas y el contenido de elementos potencialmente tóxicos. Se utilizó el método de cuadrados para identificar especies vegetales y en muestras de tejido vegetal de cada especie se determinó el contenido de elementos potencialmente tóxicos. Los residuos mineros presentaron textura franco-arenosa, pH medianamente alcalino y bajo contenido de materia orgánica. El Zn (45 mg·kg- 1 y el Pb (14 mg·kg-1 fueron los elementos con mayor concentración. Se identificaron 25 especies de plantas, Haplopappus venetus fue la más dominante. Solanum corymbosum presentó mayor acumulación de Cu (6 mg·kg-1, Brickelia veronicifolia de Pb (5 mg·kg-1 y Zn (20 mg·kg-1, Atriplex suberecta de Cd (1 mg·kg-1, Cynodon dactylon de Mn (69 mg·kg-1 y Bouteloua curtipendula de Ni (4 mg·kg-1. Se sugiere el uso de éstas especies en la rehabilitación de jales mineros.

  9. A Study on the Impact of Observation Assimilation on the Numerical Simulation of Tropical Cyclones JAL and THANE Using 3DVAR

    KAUST Repository

    Viswanadhapalli, Yesubabu

    2013-12-08

    In this work, the impact of assimilation of conventional and satellite remote sensing observations (Oceansat-2 winds, MODIS temperature/humidity profiles) is studied on the simulation of two tropical cyclones in the Bay of Bengal region of the Indian Ocean using a three-dimensional variational data assimilation (3DVAR) technique. The Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF)-Advanced Research WRF (ARW) mesoscale model is used to simulate the severe cyclone JAL: 5–8 November 2010 and the very severe cyclone THANE: 27–30 December 2011 with a double nested domain configuration and with a horizontal resolution of 27 × 9 km. Five numerical experiments are conducted for each cyclone. In the control run (CTL) the National Centers for Environmental Prediction global forecast system analysis and forecasts available at 50 km resolution were used for the initial and boundary conditions. In the second (VARAWS), third (VARSCAT), fourth (VARMODIS) and fifth (VARALL) experiments, the conventional surface observations, Oceansat-2 ocean surface wind vectors, temperature and humidity profiles of MODIS, and all observations were respectively used for assimilation. Results indicate meager impact with surface observations, and relatively higher impact with scatterometer wind data in the case of the JAL cyclone, and with MODIS temperature and humidity profiles in the case of THANE for the simulation of intensity and track parameters. These relative impacts are related to the area coverage of scatterometer winds and MODIS profiles in the respective storms, and are confirmed by the overall better results obtained with assimilation of all observations in both the cases. The improvements in track prediction are mainly contributed by the assimilation of scatterometer wind vector data, which reduced errors in the initial position and size of the cyclone vortices. The errors are reduced by 25, 21, 38 % in vector track position, and by 57, 36, 39 % in intensity, at 24, 48, 72

  10. Images of ‘Love’ and ‘Death’ in the Poetry of Jaláluddin Rumi and John Donne

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Esmail Zare-Behtash

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to compare the lives and literary careers of two great poets from the East and the West to find common grounds in their lives and writings. In comparing the poetic works of these two great poets, the study will focus on love and death as two major images in the poetry of these two great poets. Jaláluddin Moláná Rumi as he is called in the West, was a Persian poet-philosopher, and John Donne was a metaphysical poet-preacher from England. These two poets wrote much about their ideas with lucidity and wit. Love and death were both of supreme concern for these poets and a preoccupation of their hearts. Nothing is possible in “love” without “death”. Life for Donne is love, the love of women in his early life, then of his wife and finally the love of God. Love for Rumi is sweet madness, healing all infirmities and the physician of pride and self-conceit. Death for Donne is nothing but a transitory passage from here to the hereafter and union with God. Death for Rumi is also a wedding; it is a change from one stage to another as a seed planted in the earth dies in one form in order to be born in another. Both believe that we are from Him, and to Him we shall return.

  11. Jal 1:100000 Quad Hydrography DLGs

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — Digital line graph (DLG) data are digital representations of cartographic information. DLG's of map features are converted to digital form from maps and related...

  12. Water and Urban Development. Zapopan Jal. MÉXICO

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flores, R. M., Sr.; Rosas-Elguera, J.; Pena, L. E.; Lucia, G. I.

    2016-12-01

    Recently there is a need to make a land management project for the metropolitan area of Guadalajara (GDL), the objective is the momentum of an "orderly growth" however there are a number of problems associated with urban growth, one of which is the provision of Water. There is not an adequate exploration of our resources, nor an adequate record of the minimum parameters that can be measured in the case of groundwater, such as the level of infiltration and extraction volume. The extraction is carried out in the northwest of the GDL (currently the area is more urban development), is approximately greater than 658 l / s (SIAPA 2016), beyond the capacity of natural recharge since precipitation of an average of 850 mm. Besides which currently anthropically waterproof. There is a record of more than 40 existing in this sector of the GDL wells, wells and springs are not accounted for, the production areas varies from 14.45 to 180.55 m depth In the study area (approximately 80km2), there are urban uses, industries, airports, agricultural areas in transition to residential areas and a protected natural area. cracks have already appeared in different years and places, some authors propose that are associated with geological structures and others say it is by massive extraction of water. Mitigation measures or water injection wells to recharge aquifers is poor, not considered as a priority for the territorial urban planning element. Which leads to a significant lowering of the aquifers that is up to 67.2 m in a span of two years in some cases. Some urban developments with golf course, contribute significantly to the purification of waste water and recharge of aquifers for irrigation they do, what should force by the state or municipality to issue a series of fiscal stimulus.

  13. Study of the landslide on the Northwestern shore of Lake Chapala, Jal., Mexico; Estudio del deslizamiento de masa en la ribera noroeste del Lago de Chapala, Jal., Mexico

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hernandez Madrigal, Victor Manuel; Garduno Monroy, Victor Hugo [Depto. de Geologia y Minerologia, Morelia, Michoacan (Mexico); Ibanez Garduno, Dolores [Petroleos Mexicanos (Mexico); Arreygue Rocha, Eleazar [Depto. de Geologia y Minerologia, Morelia, Michoacan (Mexico); Alvarez, Roman [UNAM, Mexico, D.F. (Mexico)

    2005-12-01

    An unstable area of 10.34 hectares was found on the northwestern shore of Lake Chapala, 500 meters away from the city of the same name. The area shows movement mainly in a north-south direction, according to the morphology that was studied with aerial photographs, topographic maps, and slope maps. The internal structure of the sliding area was deduced by field reconnaissance and contains three unstable parts developed in different times. The parts slide and ride one upon the other by forming a structure of a Rough type. Some lithologic discontinuities, produced by faulting planes at the subsurface of the landslide, were detected by geophysical measurements with a geo-radar. [Spanish] Se determino la presencia de un area inestable de 10.34 hectareas, localizada en la ribera noroeste del Lago de Chapala, 500 metros al oeste de la ciudad del mismo nombre, que presenta un movimiento en direccion principal N-S, segun su morfologia analizada a traves de fotografias aereas, mapas topograficos y mapas de pendientes. La estructura interna del area en deslizamiento se deduce de observaciones de campo, estando constituida por tres cuerpos inestables desarrollados en tiempos diferentes, pero que en la actualidad se deslizan y cabalgan uno sobre otro, formando una estructura tipo Rough. Se detectaron tambien discontinuidades litologicas producidas por superficies de falla en el subsuelo del deslizamiento, mediante tecnicas geofisicas con georradar.

  14. 'Swa'-jal-dhara or 'Pay'-jal-dhara-Sector Reform and the Right to Drinking Water in Rajasthan and Maharashtra

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Preeti Sampat

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available Since the ascent of economic liberalisation in the 1990s, Washington Consensus policies - exemplified by structural adjustment and reform - have become the norm across the globe. As a result the State redefines its role from that of a provider of basic services to a 'facilitator' that enables access to these services. Resources like water, energy, health and education are now called socio-economic goods that people must own and maintain on their own. Increasingly in all service sectors - energy, health, education or water-'demand-driven' projects formulated and executed by 'user committees' that are supposed to establish 'community ownership' through initial cost-sharing with all operations and maintenance costs borne by the users. Added to this, establishment of independent regulatory commissions, like those witnessed in the power sector, mean that citizens can no longer hold the State accountable for securing basic services for citizens. Reforms in the rural drinking water sector in India were adopted in 1999 through the Sector Reform Project (SRP on a pilot basis and have been scaled up throughout the country in the form of Swajaldhara launched on 25th December 2002. It is premised on a demand-responsive approach where the community initially mobilises 10 per cent of the cost of the project demanded by it and the rest of the funds are contributed by Government of India (GoI. So far five phases of Swajaldhara have commenced on the official understanding that these would achieve a high degree of participation and community control that would meet the needs of water for all. Very often, the socio-political dynamic of a context alters significantly how policies and schemes are implemented and what they achieve for their intended beneficiaries. A survey of 28 villages in Rajsamand and and Bhilwara districts of Rajasthan and 7 villages in Osmanabad and Latur districts of Maharashtra raises questions that need to be investigated if the right to water for all is to be realised. This paper will draw upon the findings of this survey to explore the dynamic between the Scheme and its ability to realise the right to water in an equitable and just manner. The parameters of Swajaldhara, the socio-political context and the process of implementation including bureaucratic practice will be examined to critique the rural drinking water policy of the Indian State and its underlying premise of Structural Adjustment.

  15. Crustal Structure across Rivera Plate and Jalisco Block (MEXICO): TsuJal Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nuñez-Cornu, F. J.; Nunez, D.; Barba, D. C., Sr.; Trejo, E.; Escalona, F.; Danobeitia, J.; Gutierrez Pena, Q. J.

    2015-12-01

    Located on the western margin of Mexico, the collision zone between Rivera, Cocos and North American plates is a complex tectonic collage with high seismic hazards and potential tsunamigenic sources. During the spring of 2014, within the framework of TSUJAL project, Spanish and Mexican scientists investigated this region with the main objective of defining the crustal architecture of this active margin and recognizing potential structural sources that can trigger earthquakes and tsunamis at the convergence between Rivera plate-Jalisco block with the North American Plate. To achieve these goals, a wide-ranging of geophysical data was acquired in this region both offshore and onshore. In this paper, we present the preliminary results obtained from this project about bathymetric, structural geology and wide-angle seismic data of the southern coast of Bahía de Banderas. A crustal P-wave velocity model for the southern coast of Bahía de Banderas was obtained using WAS data recorded by OBS and land seismic stations for more than 150 km across Rivera Plate and Jalisco Block. The thickness of the slab in this area is about 10 km and presents a dip angle about 8º. Continental crustal thickness below Puerto Vallarta is about 20 km, no evidence of continental Moho was found in this study. This model support that due to the convergence of Rivera Plate against Jalisco Block, the region of Bahía de Banderas is under strong crustal stresses that generate structural lineaments and have the same trends offshore and inland. Most of the seismicity reported can be associated to the main structural lineaments. The Banderas Canyon apparently is in an opening process from west to east, which seems to continue through the Rio Pitillal river valley. There is no seismic or morphological evidence to consider that the Banderas Canyon is a continuation of Vallarta Graben.South of María Cleofas Island, the SC marks the limit between RP and JB, possibly being the result of the RP against JB push, and where it is established the beginning of current subduction process with seismic activity associated. If a subduction type earthquake occurs in the SC, which is 100 km length, the associated magnitude will be about 7.5 and could be tsunamigenic. In the studied area, no clear subduction features (trench, accretionary prism) are observed.

  16. An Investigation of Rotor Flow using DFDR Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kahn, Brian H.; Chan, William; Lester, P. F.

    1996-01-01

    The purpose of the present study was to identify the specific cause of the turbulence that affected flights JAL 042 and JAL 046. This has been accomplished by expanding on the NTSB analysis to include a detailed examination of digital Flight Data Recorder (DFDR) information available from both JAL 042 and JAL 046 and the ANC rawinsonde.

  17. Effect of water pollution in Thane creek (Mumbai) on plankton [ Thana (Mumbai) ki Khadi me Jal Pradushan ka Patap Plavako par Prabhav

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Jaiswar, M.J.R.

    stream_size 11 stream_content_type text/plain stream_name Jala_Krishi_1995_47.pdf.txt stream_source_info Jala_Krishi_1995_47.pdf.txt Content-Encoding ISO-8859-1 Content-Type text/plain; charset=ISO-8859-1 ...

  18. Un Jalón, Un Volteón, y Otra Vez: High-Risk Crack Smoking Paraphernalia in México City.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valdez, Avelardo; Nowotny, Kathryn M; Negi, Nalini; Mora, Eduardo Zafra; Cepeda, Alice

    2016-01-01

    During the past decade, crack smoking has increased in Mexico among poor urban populations. Despite this increasing prevalence, little is known about the types of paraphernalia used and related sharing practices and physical harms. Data come from in-depth semi-structured interviews and observations with 156 current crack smokers in Mexico City. Findings reveal a complex, crack-smoking process in Mexico City that represents an interconnected structure of paraphernalia items and pipes that could contribute to detrimental health consequences. Specifically, we identify essential paraphernalia items that make the smoking of crack possible; describe the homemade construction of two categories of pipes; and detail the sharing practices and physical harms associated with these paraphernalia. Results point towards a smoking process that is embedded in impoverished urban neighborhoods sustained by an accessible street-level crack market. Discussed are the policy and intervention implications associated with reducing crack-related health consequences in Mexico and other Latin American countries.

  19. Degradación de Suelos en los parques Las Peñas-Los Ocotillo, de Ciudad Guzmán, Jal.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Armando Juárez

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Los parques Las Peñas y Ocotillos se encuentran al sur del estado de Jalisco, al este de Ciudad Guzmán en la “Sierra del Tigre”. El objetivo del trabajo es describir las características de los suelos y analizar el efecto de la pendiente y la materia orgánica en su degradación, en especial la erosión; destaca la importancia de la vegetación de bosque de pino-encino en este proceso. También se establecen las consecuencias ambientales que se tendrían si desapareciera la vegetación actual como resultado de un cambio de uso del suelo. Para lograr el objetivo, se levantó información del medio ambiente natural, para valorar la degradación y estimar la erosión con la Ecuación Universal de Pérdida de Suelo; puntualizando sus efectos en el futuro en el Valle de Zapotlán como zona de sedimentación. También se infieren las secuelas en la Microcuenca “Arroyo el Guayabo” y en la Sierra del Tigre si desapareciera el bosque de pinoencino.

  20. Para Leer.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael Serrano García

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Libros: Mauricio Jalón, Fernando Colina. Diálogos. (Rafael Serrano García. Javier Sáez, Sejo Carrascosa. Por el culo. Políticas anales. (Luis Aragón González. Mark Twain. Los escritos irreverentes. (Mauricio Jalón. Andréi Bieli. Yo, Kótik Letáiev. (Mauricio Jalón. Documentos en la Red Varios. (Juan Medrano

  1. Chamber behavior of double Hurwitz numbers in genus 0

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Shadrin, S.; Shapiro, M.; Vainshtein, A.

    2008-01-01

    We study double Hurwitz numbers in genus zero counting the number of covers CP1 → CP1 with two branching points with a given branching behavior. By the recent result due to Goulden, Jackson and Vakil, these numbers are piecewise polynomials in the multiplicities of the preimages of the branching poi

  2. Frequency of cryptosporidium infection in children under five years ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    STORAGESEVER

    2010-02-22

    Feb 22, 2010 ... person, contact with infected animal or by ingestion of contaminated food ... evident by correlation between lower CD4 T cells count, risk and severity of ... for biliary symptom and for death within a year after infection (Vakil et ...

  3. The first Editorial Board meeting of Journal of Arid Land in 2010 was held in Urumqi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    On Sep. 5, 2010, the first Editorial Board meeting of Journal of Arid Land (JAL) was held in Urumqi. The director of Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography (XIEG), Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) and the editor-in-chief of JAL, Professor Chen Xi, another editor-in-chief, Professor Li Bailian, University of California,

  4. Applications of membrane systems in distributed systems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Aneta Binder; Rudolf Freund; Georg Lojka; Marion Oswald

    2007-01-01

    Based on the biological model of cell-to-cell communication proposed by A. Rustom et al. (Science, 2004, 303: 1007-1010), we investigate the possibilities to apply P systems with dynamic channels transporting membrane vesicles for describing processes in distributed systems.

  5. Theatre Applications: Locations, Event, Futurity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mackey, Sally; Fisher, Amanda Stuart

    2011-01-01

    The three papers and the pictorial essay that follow Rustom Bharucha's keynote all originated at "Theatre Applications" (Central School of Speech and Drama, London, April 2010). One theme of the conference was "cultural geographies of dislocation, place and space"; the three papers and pictorial essay respond to that theme. All…

  6. Distributed Trust Management and Rogue AV Software

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-10

    Software Secured Order 0 WIN PC® Defender 6 Months License SubsaiJtjon indudes ~ version updates, definition updates, standart rustomer support... standart customer support for 1 year. Only today limited ollerwith special discount~ $69.99. Q Lifetime UNUMITED LlceMt, Best Cholet ! WIN PC

  7. The trouble with The Trouble With Community

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Erven, E.A.P.B. van

    2003-01-01

    In his Politics of Cultural Practice: Thinking Through Theatre in an Age of Globalization, the Calcutta-based critic and dramaturg Rustom Bharucha makes minced meat of the global culture industry, including the academic post-colonialism machinery and the seemingly 'untouchable' super star scholars t

  8. Toda Equations and Piecewise Polynomiality for Mixed Double Hurwitz Numbers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goulden, I. P.; Guay-Paquet, Mathieu; Novak, Jonathan

    2016-04-01

    This article introduces mixed double Hurwitz numbers, which interpolate combinatorially between the classical double Hurwitz numbers studied by Okounkov and the monotone double Hurwitz numbers introduced recently by Goulden, Guay-Paquet and Novak. Generalizing a result of Okounkov, we prove that a certain generating series for the mixed double Hurwitz numbers solves the 2-Toda hierarchy of partial differential equations. We also prove that the mixed double Hurwitz numbers are piecewise polynomial, thereby generalizing a result of Goulden, Jackson and Vakil.

  9. 75 FR 81427 - Airworthiness Directives; The Boeing Company Model 747-200C, -200F, -400, -400D, and -400F Series...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-28

    ... Certain Language in Paragraph (k) of the NPRM Boeing asked that we revise the language in paragraph (k) of... Information Japan Airlines (JAL) asked that we delay issuance until the manufacturer can release Revision 2...

  10. Unique defense strategy by the endoplasmic reticulum body in plants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yamada, Kenji; Hara-Nishimura, Ikuko; Nishimura, Mikio

    2011-12-01

    The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is a site for the production of secretory proteins. Plants have developed ER subdomains for protein storage. The ER body is one such structure, which is observed in Brassicaceae plants. ER bodies accumulate in seedlings and roots or in wounded leaves in Arabidopsis. ER bodies contain high amounts of the β-glucosidases PYK10/BGLU23 in seedlings and roots or BGLU18 in wounded tissues. These results suggest that ER bodies are involved in the metabolism of glycoside molecules, presumably to produce repellents against pests and fungi. When Arabidopsis roots are homogenized, PYK10 formed large protein aggregates that include other β-glucosidases (BGLU21 and BGLU22), GDSL lipase-like proteins (GLL22) and cytosolic jacalin-related lectins (PBP1/JAL30, JAL31, JAL33, JAL34 and JAL35). Glucosidase activity increases by the aggregate formation. NAI1, a basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor, regulates the expression of the ER body proteins PYK10 and NAI2. Reduced expression of NAI2, PYK10 and BGLU21 resulted in abnormal ER body formation, indicating that these components regulate ER body formation. PYK10, BGLU21 and BGLU22 possess hydrolytic activity for scopolin, a coumaroyl glucoside that accumulates in the roots of Arabidopsis, and nai1 and pyk10 mutants are more susceptible to the symbiotic fungus Piriformospora indica. Therefore, it appears that the ER body is a unique organelle of Brassicaceae plants that is important for defense against pests and fungi.

  11. A novel missense mutation of the DDHD1 gene associated with juvenile amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chujun Wu

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Background: Juvenile amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (jALS is a rare form of ALS with an onset age of less than 25 years and is frequently thought to be genetic in origin. DDHD1 gene mutations have been reported to be associated with the SPG28 subtype of autosomal recessive HSP but have never been reported in jALS patients.Methods: Gene screens for the causative genes of ALS, HSP and CMT using next-generation sequencing (NGS technologies were performed on a jALS patient. Sanger sequencing was used to validate identified variants and perform segregation analysis.Results: We identified a novel c.1483A>G (p.Met495Val homozygous missense mutation of the DDHD1 gene in the jALS patient. All of his parents and young bother were heterozygous for this mutation. The mutation was not found in 800 Chinese control subjects or the data of dbSNP, ExAC and 1000G.Conclusion: The novel c.1483A>G (p.Met495Val missense mutation of the DDHD1 gene could be a causative mutation of autosomal recessive jALS.

  12. Commentary on "genomic characterization of testis cancer: association of alterations with outcome of clinical stage mixed germ cell non-seminomatous germ cell tumor of the testis." Mohamed GH, Gelfond JAL, Nicolas MM, et al Mohamed GH, Gelfond JA, Nicolas MM, Brand TC, Sarvis JA, Leach RJ, Johnson-Pais TL, Department of Pathology, University of Texas Health Science Center, San Antonio, TX 78229, USA: Urology 2012;80:485.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richie, Jerome

    2013-02-01

    To identify genomic markers that are reliable in predicting lymph node metastases in clinical stage 1 non-seminomatous germ cell tumors (NSGCTs). Comparative genomic array technology was used to identify regions of genomic amplification or deletion in clinical stage 1 NSGCTs. Twelve stage 1 mixed germ cell testicular tumors were analyzed, which were obtained from 8 patients who had no evidence of nodal metastasis when retroperitoneal lymph node dissection (RPLND) had been performed (i.e., were RPLND negative) and 4 patients who had nodal metastases (i.e., were RPLND positive). Differences between the genomic alterations associated with the two classes of tumors were identified. Genomic alterations previously reported in other subtypes of testicular tumors were observed in both metastatic and nonmetastatic cases. Statistically suggestive differences in mean copy number of the Y chromosome were found between metastatic and nonmetastatic cases (P = 0.0142). This finding suggests the presence of chromosome Y deletions to be a potential genetic marker for prediction of mixed germ cell tumor progression. This is a first step toward identifying chromosomal markers of progression in testicular cancer in clinical stage 1 mixed germ cell NSGCT. Copyright © 2013. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  13. Crítica de Libros.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mauricio Jalón

    1996-01-01

    Full Text Available ARISTÓTELES, El hombre de genio y la melancolía. Problema XXX-l. Barcelona, Sirmio, 1996. Mauricio Jalón Michael BALINT, Paul H. ORSTEIN, Enid BALINT, Psicoterapia Focal. Terapia breve para psicoanalistas. Modelo desarrollado en la Clínica Tavistock, Barcelona, Gedisa, 1996 (2.a edición en castellano. Ramón Esteaban Arnáiz John HINTON, Experiencias sobre el morir. Barcelona, Seix BarraL 1996. Fernando Santander Francois Russo, Lihres propos sur I'histoire des sciences, París, Blanchard, 1995. Mauricio Jalón Claudia GUILLÉN, El sol de los desterrados: literatura y exilio, Barcelona, Sirmio, 1995. Rosario lbañes Hans-Georg GADAMER, El estado oculto de la salud, Barcelona, Gedisa, 1996. Mauricio Jalón

  14. Crítica de Libros.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Pérez

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Fernando Pérez del Río; Isidoro Martín, Nuevas adicciones: ¿adicciones nuevas?, Guadalajara, Intermedio, 2007, 278 pp.Antonio Pérez Alexander Luria, Pequeño libro de una gran memoria, Oviedo, KRK, 2009, 244 pp.Mauricio Jalón Felice Gambin, Azabache. El debate sobre la melancolía en la España de los siglos de Oro, Madrid, Biblioteca Nueva, 2008, 284 pp. Mauricio Jalón Odette Elina, Sin flores ni coronas. Auschwitz-Birkenau, 1944-1945, Cáceres, Periférica, 2008, 134 pp. Andrea Rubín Leonard Woolf, Las vírgenes sabias, Madrid, Impedimenta, 2009, 322 pp. Mauricio Jalón Henry Ey, Estudios psiquiátricos, 2 volúmenes, Buenos Aires, Polemos, 2008. José María Álvarez.

  15. Libros

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Mansilla Izquierdo

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Giorgio Nardone. Problem Solving Estratégico. Anne-Marie Sohn. «Sois un homme!». La construction de la masculinité au XIXe siècle. (Rafael Serrano García. Tamiki Hara. Flores de verano. (Alicia Merisi. Benoît Peeters. Derrida y Trois ans avec Derrida. (Mauricio Jalón. Joyce Carol Oates. Memorias de una viuda. (Mauricio Jalón. Robert Whitaker. Anatomy of an epidemic. Magic bullets, psychiatric drugs and the astonishing rise of mental illness in America. (Juan Medrano.

  16. Studies of Weak, ELF Electromagnetic Fields Effects on the Early Embryonic Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-12-29

    Hospital Ramon y CaJal 6c. ADDRESS (City, State, and ZIPCode) 7b. ADDRESS (City, State, and ZIP Code) Carretera de Colmenar Km 9 800 N. Quincy Street 28034...of Naval Research: Grant Number NOO 14-85-J-1177 Jocelyne Leal Ph.D. Departamento do Investigacion Hospital Ramon y Cajal Carretera do Colmenar Km 9

  17. 76 FR 44458 - Airworthiness Directives; The Boeing Company Model 747 Airplanes and Model 767 Airplanes Equipped...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-26

    ... that, in Asia, where most of the engine flameout events occurred, the total air temperature (TAT) at 22... in southern Asia is estimated to be 32 C. JAL further explained that static air temperature (SAT... determined that air safety and the public interest require adopting the AD with the changes described...

  18. Experimental investigation of fundamental processes in mining induced fracturing and rock instability.

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Napier, JAL

    2002-03-01

    Full Text Available Final Report Experimental investigation of fundamental processes in mining induced fracturing and rock instability J.A.L. Napier, K. Drescher, M.W. Hildyard, M.O. Kataka, D.F. Malan, E.J. Sellers Research Agency : CSIR Miningtek Project No : GAP...

  19. Crítica de Libros.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Aragón González

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Edgard ZILSEL, El genio. Génesis de un concepto, Madrid, AEN, 2008, 302 pp. Luis Aragón González Daniel Paul SCHREBER, Memorias de un enfermo de los nervios, Madrid, Sexto Piso, 2008, tr. Ramón Alcalde, 652 pp. Mauricio Jalón Roberto CALASSO, El loco impuro, Madrid, Sexto Piso España, 2008, 112 pp.Francisco Fernández Alberto LASA, Los niños hiperactivos y su personalidad, Bilbao, ALTXA, 2008, 218 pp.Fernando Colina Luis-Salvador LÓPEZ HERRERO, Mito y poesía en el psicoanálisis. Una experiencia a lo Real, Madrid, Biblioteca Nueva, 2008, 280 pp. Laura Martín López Andrade Francisco PEREÑA, Fragmentos de la vergüenza, Madrid, Síntesis, 2008, 247 pp. Fernando Colina Víctor HERNÁNDEZ, Las psicosis, Barcelona, Paidós / Fundació Vidal i Barraquer, 2008.Enrique de La Lama López-Areal Jorge L. TIZÓN, Psicoanálisis, procesos de duelo y psicosis. Barcelona, Herder, 2007, 446 pp. Jordi Artigue Gómez Carlos CASTRODEZA, Nihilismo y supervivencia. Una expresión naturalista de lo inefable, Madrid, Trotta, 2007, 192 pp. Andrés Galera Ana Cecilia RODRÍGUEZ DE ROMO, Claude Bernard. El sebo de vela y la originalidad científica, México, Siglo XXI, 2006, 200 pp. Andrés Galera Georges DIDI-HUBERMAN, La invención de la histeria. Charcot y la iconografía fotográfica de la Salpêtrière, Madrid, Cátedra, 2007, 428 pp. Mauricio Jalón Georges PEREC, Lo infraordinario, Madrid, Impedimenta, 2008, 122 pp. Mauricio Jalón Richard WRIGHT, Chico negro, Madrid, Unisón, 2007, 258 pp. Mauricio Jalón Soma MORGENSTERN, El hijo del hijo pródigo, Madrid, Funambulista, 2008, 522 pp. M. Jalón FOUCAULT Y LA OTRA CIENCIA DE LA VERDAD: Mauricio Jalón

  20. Foliations on the moduli space of curves, vanishing in cohomology, and Calogero-Moser curves

    CERN Document Server

    Grushevsky, Samuel

    2011-01-01

    Using meromorphic differentials with real periods, we show that a certain tautological homology class on the moduli space of smooth algebraic curves of genus g vanishes. The vanishing of the entire tautological ring for degree g-1 and higher, part of Faber's conjecture, is known in both homology and Chow --- it was proven by Looijenga, Ionel, and Graber-Vakil, and the class that we show vanishes is just one such tautological class. However, our approach, motivated by the Whitham perturbation theory of soliton equations, is completely new, elementary in the sense that no techniques beyond elementary complex analysis are used, and also leads to a natural non-speciality conjecture, which would imply many more vanishing results and relations among tautological classes. In the course of the proof we define and study foliations of the moduli space of curves constructed using periods of meromorphic differentials, in a way providing for meromorphic differentials a theory similar to that developed for abelian differen...

  1. Crítica de Libros.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José María Álvarez Martínez

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available Rafael HUERTAS GARCÍA-ALEJO, Clasificar y educar. Historia natural y social de la ciencia mental, Madrid, CSIC, 1998. José María Álvarez Gerolamo CARDANO, El libro de los sueños, Madrid, A.E.N., 1999. Mauricio Jalón Pierre DOUCET y Wilfrid REID (dirs., La psychothérapie psychanalytique: Une diversité de champs cliniques, Montreal, Gaëtan Morin, 1996. Ramón Esteban Arnáiz Edmond GUILLIÉRON, Le premier entretien en psychothérapie, París, Dunod, 1996. Ramón Esteban Arnáiz Patrick FROTÉ, Cent ans aprés, París, Gallimard, 1998. Mauricio Jalón Jacques DERRIDA, No escribo sin luz artificial, Valladolid, Cuatro (distr. Siglo XXI, 1999. Andrea Rubín

  2. Design and Analysis of Delta Wing Tilt Rotor UAV

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S.Ravikanth

    2015-07-01

    medium-altitude, long-endurance (MALE drones. While the country lags in deployment of UAVs, it wants to develop an integrated program. RUSTOM (English: Warrior is a Medium Altitude Long Endurance Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (MALE UAV being developed by DRDO for the three defence services. Indian scientists are still working on its further developments to meet the requirements. This report is basically a case study on the design, development, technology used, working of Rustom and their earlier predecessors. It also includes the advancements which are going to be installed in the upcoming RUSTOM-H, a unmanned combat aerial vehicle (UCAV.

  3. Japan Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    said Monday. In return, Japan has obtained the right to extend its air service beyond Kuala Lumpur to any further point of its choosing, the...System (MAS) and Northwest Orient Airlines will be dropped, the sources said. JAL and MAS will be allowed to begin new services via Kuala Lumpur and...secondary wood manufacturing and tourism , the leader of a state investment mission said Monday. James M. Root, leader of the 19-member mission, said

  4. Formal Analysis of an Airplane Accident in N{Σ}-Labeled Calculus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mizutani, Tetsuya; Igarashi, Shigeru; Ikeda, Yasuwo; Shio, Masayuki

    N{Σ}-labeled calculus is a formal system for representation, verification and analysis of time-concerned recognition, knowledge, belief and decision of humans or computer programs together with related external physical or logical phenomena.In this paper, a formal verification and analysis of the JAL near miss accident is presented as an example of cooperating systems controlling continuously changing objects including human factor with misunderstanding or incorrect recognition.

  5. Approved Corrosion Prevention Compound for Helicopter Avionics & Tactical Vehicles

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-02-01

    International Airlines British Airways , Lufthansa, Air France, El Al, JAL, Qantas , Island Air, Avianca Air, etc.... • Northrop-Grumman • Lockheed-Martin...2009 U.S. Army Corrosion Summit, 3-5 Feb, Clearwater Beach, FL 14. ABSTRACT 15. SUBJECT TERMS 16. SECURITY CLASSIFICATION OF: 17. LIMITATION OF...Raytheon/Beech • Cessna • Embraier Airlines • Domestic Airlines Southwest, AA, US Airways , Delta, United, Air Tran, Jet Blue, Alaska Air, etc

  6. Proceedings: The International Satellite Surveillance and Communication Symposium (1st Annual) Held at Atlantic City, New Jersey on September 24-26, 1991

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-09-01

    from Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University. Prior to joining ARINC, Teresa was responsible for market planning at Presidential Airways . 126 DIGITIZED...civil aviation authorities, initially included Qantas , JAL, ANA, Northwest, and United. Subsequently, other governments and 76 0~ Q ct4) I CI - -CLU...Department’s Airways Engineering Branch in Central Office in Melbourne, advancing to the position of Senior Assistant Secretary - Planning Research and

  7. Crítica de Libros.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Medrano

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available René Descartes, La búsqueda de la verdad mediante la luz natural, KRK, 2009, 104 pp. Mauricio Jalón VV. AA., El rival de Prometeo. Vidas de autómatas ilustres, Impedimenta, 2009, 396 pp.Óscar Rubín. Roland Barthes, Diario de duelo, Paidós, 2009, 272 pp. Mauricio Jalón Georg es Didi-Huberman, Survivance des lucioles, Minuit, 2009, 144 pp.Andrea Rubín Yves Bonnefoy, Relatos en sueños, Cuatro, 2009, 174 pp. Vicente Pizarro Natalia Ginzburg , Ensayos, Lumen, 2009, 448 pp. Mauricio Jalón Boris Savinkov, El caballo amarillo. Diario de un terrorista ruso, Impedimenta, 2009, 184 pp. Esteban Calvo Michel Salazar, Concha Peralta, Francisco Javier Pastor, Tratado de psicofarmacología. Bases y aplicación clínica. (2ª Ed.. Editorial Médica Panamericana, 2009, 948 pp. Talía Rincón Shorter E, Healy D., Shock Therapy. A History of Electroconvulsive treatment in mental illness. New Brunswick: Rutgers, 2007. Juan Medrano

  8. Aircraft Control Using Engine Thrust: A History of Learning TOC Real-Time

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cole, Jennifer H.

    2006-01-01

    A history of learning the operation of Throttles Only Control (TOC) to control an aircraft in real time using engine thrust is shown. The topics include: 1) Past TOC Accidents/Incidents; 2) 1972: DC-10 American Airlines; 3) May 1974: USAF B-52H; 4) April 1975: USAF C-5A; 5) April 1975: USAF C-5A; 6) 1981: USAF B-52G; 7) August 1985: JAL 123 B-747; 8) JAL 123 Survivor Story; 9) JAL 123 Investigation Findings; 10) July 1989: UAL 232 DC-10; 11) UAL 232 DC-10; 12) Eastwind 517 B-737; 13) November 2003: DHL A-300; 14) Historically, TOC has saved lives; 15) Automated Throttles-Only Control; 16) PCA Project; 17) Propulsion-Controlled Aircraft; 18) MD-11 PCA System and Flight Test Envelope; 19) MD-11 Simulation, PCA ILS-Soupled Landing Dispersion; 20) Throttles-Only Pitch and Roll Control Power; 21) PCA in Commercial Fleet; 22) Fall 2005: PCAR Project; 23) PCAR Background - TOC; and 24) PCAR Background - TOC.

  9. Comentario editorial a: “La nicturia no se asocia con las caídas del anciano: un estudio de población en la ciudad de São Paulo”

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Duque, G; Alonso, C

    2011-01-01

    ... demostrado una asociación entre la existencia de nicturia y el riesgo de caídas en ancianos. Entre todos ellos destacamos el metaanálisis de Chiareli et al 2 , donde se puede ver cómo todos los estudios publicados hasta el momento están realizados en mujeres o en población de ambos sexos, pero no existen trabajos realizados únicamente en hombres, a pesar de que la etiopagenia de la incontinencia es diferente. En este número Rustom et al 3 presentan el primer estudio que evalúa la relación entre nicturia y caídas...

  10. Caracterización de Jales Mineros y evaluación de su peligrosidad con base en su potencial de lixiviación

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandro Medel Reyes

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Se realizó una caracterización de un jal histórico y uno reciente obtenidos en el distrito minero de Guanajuato. Los análisis por ICP y AAS mostraron cantidades importantes de metales presentes en el siguiente orden de concentración: 12,185 mg/kg de Fe, 509 mg/kg de Mn, 53 mg/kg de Zn, 20 mg/kg de Pb y 8 mg/Kg de Cr en el jal reciente y 11,676 mg/kg de Fe, 862 mg/kg de Mn, 53 mg/kg de Zn, 17 mg/kg de Pb y 12 mg/Kg de Cr en el jal histórico. Los análisis mineralógicos mostraron que los jales están constituidos mayoritariamente por cuarzo, calcita, covelita y, en menor proporción magnetita, fierro y zinc; además, muestran una ausencia total de materia orgánica y valores de pH que van de neutros a alcalinos. Las pruebas de lixiviación indican que ninguno de los metales presentes puede lixiviar en porcentajes mayores al 0.4% por lo que no representan un riesgo ambiental en base a este criterio. La estabilidad de los metales presentes en las muestra está relacionada con la naturaleza química de las muestras que les hace que sean poco lixiviables.

  11. Crítica de Libros.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Colina Pérez

    1997-01-01

    Full Text Available Alberto FERNÁNDEZ LIRIA, Mariano HERNÁNDEZ MONSALVE, Beatriz RODRÍGUEZ VEGA (coords., Psicoterapias en el sector púbUco: un marco para la integración. Madrid, Asociación Española de Neuropsiquiatría, 1997. Emilio GAMO MEDINA, Rosa GÓMEZ ESTEBAN (coords., Grupos terapéuticos y asistencia pública. Madrid, Asociación Española de Neuropsiquiatría. 1997. José LEAL RUBIO (coord., Equipos e instituciones de salud (menta/. Salud (mental de equipos e instituciones, Madrid. Asociación Española de Neuropsiquiatría, 1997. Fernando Colina Michel FOUCAULT, «JI Jaut défendre la société», París. Gallimard / Le SeuiL 1997. Mauricio Jalón Fernando COLINA, Escritos psicóticos. Madrid, DOR, 1996. Francisco Pereña Germán BERRIOS, Filiberto FUENTENEBRO DIEGO, Delirio. Historia, clínica, metateoría. Madrid, Trotta. 1996. José María Álvarez VV.AA., «Salud mental y psicoanálisis aplicado», Notas freudianas. Revista de la Escuela Europea de Psicoanálisis. Grupo de Estudios de Asturias. 1996, n.o 2. José María Álvarez Michel SERRES, La comunicación (Hermes 1, Barcelona, Anthropos, 1996. Mauricio Jalón Juan BENET, Páginas impares, Madrid, Alfaguara, 1996. Mauricio Jalón

  12. Para leer.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Martín López-Andrade

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available VV AA. La histeria antes de Freud. (Laura Martín López-Andrade José Luis Peset. Las melancolías de Sancho. Humores y pasiones entre Huarte y Pinel. (Alicia Merisi David Simón Lorda. Médicos Ourensanos Represaliados en la Guerra Civil y en la Posguerra. Historias de la “Longa Noite de Pedra” (Alexandre García Caballero Ángel Cagigas. Arte Demente. (Ana Hernández Salomon Resnik. Tiempos de glaciaciones. Viaje al mundo de la locura. (Reda Rhamani Gerd-Ragna Bloch Thorsen, Trond Gronnestad, Anne Lise Oxnevad. Trabajo familiar y multifamiliar en las psicosis. (Rubén de Pedro Ullate Edgar Lawrence Doctorov. Homer y Langley. (Juan Medrano Daniel J. Siegel. Cerebro y mindfulness. (Fernando Mansilla Izquierdo. Enrique Serrano Guerra. El río de la memoria. (José Manuel Susperregui. Ignacio Ruiz Lafita. Progresión onírica y análisis estructural de los sueños. (Oscar Strada Bello. Jacques Derrida. La bestia y el soberano. Volumen I - 2001-2002. (Luis Aragón González Theodor W. Adorno. Sueños. (Mauricio Jalón Georges Perec. La cámara oscura. 124 sueños. (Mauricio Jalón Mario Levrero. El discurso vacío. (Mauricio Jalón DOCUMENTOS EN LA RED Varios. (Juan Medrano Inquietudes acerca de los derechos humanos en las personas con enfermedad mental en Egipto. (Global Initiative on Psychiatry

  13. Crítica de Libros.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mauricio Jalón

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available Robert BURTüN, Anatomía de la melancolía 1I, Madrid, A.E.N. (distrib. Siglo XXI, 1998. Mauricio Jalón Remo BODEI, Ordo amoris. Conflictos terrenos y felicidad celeste, Valladolid, cuatro. ediciones, 1998. Andrea Rubín. Kurt SCHNEIDER, Psicopatología clínica, Madrid, Fundación Archivos de Neurobiología, 1997. José Antonio Arenas García Elisabeth RUDINESCO, Michel PLON, Dictionnaire de psychanalyse, París, Fayard, 1997. Mauricio Jalón VVAA., La esquizofrenia hoy (Tomos 1 y I1, Santiago de Compostela, Asociación Galega de Saúde Mental, 1998. R. E. A. VY.AA., III Congreso de la Asociación Galega de Saúde Mental (Homenaje a Dr. Cabaleiro Goás, Santiago de Compostela, Asociación Galega de Saúde Mental,1998. R. E. A. Manuel DESVIAT, Nuestra forma de ser. Las claves de la personalidad, el carácter y el temperamento, Madrid, Ediciones Temas de Hoy, 1997. José María Álvarez Jean-Pierre Falret, Clínica de las alucinaciones, Madrid, Dor, 1997. José María Álvarez Joaquín POCH y Alejandro ÁVILA ESPADA, Investigación en psicoterapia. La contribución psicoanalítica, Barcelona, Paidós Ibérica, 1998. R. E. A. Juan BENET, Cartografía personal, cuatro. ediciones (distrib. Siglo XXI, 1997. Mauricio Jalón

  14. TOKOH DAN PENAFSIR BERPENGARUH DALAM KARYA TAFSIR MUHAMMAD ABDUH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tamrin Tamrin

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: Muhammad Abduh is a influencing figure in religious field in the end of 19th and 20th century. He offered constructive ideas, especially in tafsîr field. The ideas is valued by some Muslim intelectual only as connecting from previously figure. Some influencing figures in  Abduh’s tafsîr are Syaykh Darwisyi in Sufisme, Sayyid Jamâl al-Dîn al-Afghânî in Logic, Jurnalism, and Science. He also interested in Imâm al-Ghazâli’s essays, al-Zamakhsyâri’s Tafsîr al-Kasysyâf, Jalâl al-Dîn al-Suyūtī’s and Jalâl al-Dīn al-Mahallī’s Tafsîr Jalâlayn, Fakhr al-Râzi’s Tafsîr mafâtih al-Ghayb, al-Nasafī’s Madârik al-Tanzîl wa Haqâiq al-Ta'wîl, and al-Baydhâwi’s Anwâr al-Tanzîl wa Asrâr al-Ta'wîl.   Key Words: Tafsîr, Abduh, al-Ghazâli, al-Nasafī, al-Baydhâwi, al-Zamakhsyâri, al-Thabari, dan Fakhr al-Râzi

  15. Los sistemas de información gerencial aplicado en la empresa privada: Estudio empírico en la provincia de Tungurahua-Ecuador

    OpenAIRE

    Coba Molina, Edisson Marcelo

    2016-01-01

    Tesis Doctoral leída en la Universidad Rey Juan Carlos de Madrid en 2012. Directora de la Tesis: María Luisa Delgado Jalón El entorno empresarial está cambiando constantemente, pero más que el cambio en sí, lo que importa es la percepción por el empresario. Para desarrollar estrategias realistas es preciso conocer en detalle la realidad de la empresa y de su entorno, por lo que disponer de información significativa es imprescindible para una buena gestión administrativa. La falta de inform...

  16. La tecnodemocracia: una alternativa para gobernar

    OpenAIRE

    Portillo, Nayades

    2012-01-01

    El Gobierno Electrónico (ge) es un proceso de automatización del gobierno nacional, regional o local, desarrollado en diferentes etapas que varían según los recursos, capacidades y prioridades de la administración. Desde esta perspectiva, la autora reflexiona sobre el impacto que ha tenido el (ge) en la gestión de las Juntas de Acción Local (jal) y explica la importancia que las Tecnologías de la Información y las Comunicaciones (tic) adquieren en este proceso, ya que permiten a las jac entra...

  17. Thermodynamics of Fe-C-j (j = Al, Si, P, S) Melts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Hai-chuan; WANG Shi-jun; ZHOU Yun; DONG Yuan-chi; LI Wen-chao

    2005-01-01

    Based on a proposed method, the mathematical expressions between carbon solubility in Fe-C-j (j=Al, Si, P, S) melts and temperature were obtained. The expressions show the relation of the affecting factors of component j and temperature on carbon solubility, and the activity interaction coefficient of j upon carbon depends on atomic number, covalent radius and electro-negativity. The affecting factors of four elements on carbon solubility are all negative. There is a linear relationship between covalent radius and electro-negativity.

  18. U.S. Security Assistance Programs in Southern Africa: Are They Supporting National Objectives?

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-04-01

    ears of a resource war. Shortages of strategic metals c C.)I Id not onlIy undermine ri i tary pr eparvati ons but potentially bring the industrial ... economiaes of the West to a standstilli. NATO countries are dependent on imported r Aw maerials, while the Soviet Erl oc (lrenerally is not (25: Intro-du~Ct...Os- t c: ommo a re esse it jalI in a core industrial activity -. ;tev are -found in insufficient quantity, or niot at All , in the inrdustr ial COUntr

  19. Sustaining the Civil Reserve Air Fleet (CRAF) Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2003-05-01

    Airlines JAL Thai Airways Japan Air System Tyrolean SN Brussels Airlines United TAM Brazil Varig Grupo Taca Mexicana Spanair Major International...radio and television 6.6 2.7 40.3% 8517 Electrical apparatus for line telephony or telegraphy 8.1 2.6 32.3% 6204 Women’s girls’ suits, jackets, dresses... television 6.5 5.1 78.6% 7108 Gold 5.1 4.9 95.1% 9030 Oscilloscopes, instruments for measuring rays 4.2 3.7 88.5% 8529 Aerials and other radio and TV

  20. Crítica de Libros.

    OpenAIRE

    Mauricio Jalón; José Luis Peset Reig; Víctor Cabré Segarra; Carmen Paredes; Francisco Vaccari; Andrés Galera; Esteban Landmarke; Luis Aragón González; Fernando Colina Pérez

    2007-01-01

    Remo BODEI, Destinos personales. La era de la colonización de las conciencias, Buenos Aires, El cuenco de plata, 2006, 528 pp. Mauricio Jalón. Antonio ESPINO GRANADO (Coordinador), La atención a la Salud Mental en España. Estrategias y compromiso social. Acto de Celebración del XX aniversario del Informe de la Comisión Ministerial para la Reforma Psiquiátrica. Abril 1985. Toledo, 14 de abril de 2005, Toledo, José Luis Peset Joan CODERCH, Pluralidad y diálogo en psicoanálisis, Barcelona, Herde...

  1. Crítica de Libros.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mauricio Jalón

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Remo BODEI, Destinos personales. La era de la colonización de las conciencias, Buenos Aires, El cuenco de plata, 2006, 528 pp. Mauricio Jalón. Antonio ESPINO GRANADO (Coordinador, La atención a la Salud Mental en España. Estrategias y compromiso social. Acto de Celebración del XX aniversario del Informe de la Comisión Ministerial para la Reforma Psiquiátrica. Abril 1985. Toledo, 14 de abril de 2005, Toledo, José Luis Peset Joan CODERCH, Pluralidad y diálogo en psicoanálisis, Barcelona, Herder, 2006, 319 pp. Víctor Cabré Segarra S. SEGAL, J. WILLIAMS y J. TEASDALE, Terapia cognitiva de la depresión basada en la consciencia plena. Un nuevo abordaje para la prevención de recaídas, Bilbao, Desclée de Brouwer, 2006.Carmen Paredes Colette SOLER, Lo que Lacan dijo de las mujeres, Buenos Aires, Paidós, 2006, 338 pp. Francisco Vaccari Assumpciò VIDAL PARELLADA, Luis Simarro y su tiempo, Madrid, CSIC, 2007, 268 pp. Andrés Galera Cristóbal SUÁREZ DE FIGUEROA, Plaza universal de todas ciencias y artes, Valladolid, Junta de Castilla y León, 2006, 1.070 pp. Esteban Landmarke Armando GARCÍA; Raquel ÁLVAREZ, Las trampas del poder. Sanidad, eugenesia y migración. Cuba y Estados Unidos (1900-1940, Madrid, CSIC, 2007, 400 pp. Andrés Galera Zygmunt BAUMAN, Modernidad y Holocausto. Madrid, Sequitur, 2006, 270 pp. Luis Aragón González SILENOS. Psicoanálisis y actualidad, vol. 0, n.º 1, enero 2007. Asociación Española de Psicoanálisis del Campo Lacaniano. Mauricio Jalón Michihiko HACHIYA, Diario de Hiroshima de un médico japonés (6 de agosto-30 de septiembre de 1945, Madrid, Turner, 2005, 238 pp. M. Jalón Ernesto FERIA JALDÓN, Baudelaire. Su corazón al desnudo. Seguido de Comentarios a los Pequeños Poemas en Prosa, Madrid, Huerga y Fierro, 2000, 270 pp. Mauricio Jalón Torquato TASSO, Los mensajeros, Valladolid, Cuatro, 2007, 172 pp.Fernando Colina

  2. Analysis of a new strain of Euphorbia mosaic virus with distinct replication specificity unveils a lineage of begomoviruses with short Rep sequences in the DNA-B intergenic region

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Argüello-Astorga Gerardo R

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Euphorbia mosaic virus (EuMV is a member of the SLCV clade, a lineage of New World begomoviruses that display distinctive features in their replication-associated protein (Rep and virion-strand replication origin. The first entirely characterized EuMV isolate is native from Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico; subsequently, EuMV was detected in weeds and pepper plants from another region of Mexico, and partial DNA-A sequences revealed significant differences in their putative replication specificity determinants with respect to EuMV-YP. This study was aimed to investigate the replication compatibility between two EuMV isolates from the same country. Results A new isolate of EuMV was obtained from pepper plants collected at Jalisco, Mexico. Full-length clones of both genomic components of EuMV-Jal were biolistically inoculated into plants of three different species, which developed symptoms indistinguishable from those induced by EuMV-YP. Pseudorecombination experiments with EuMV-Jal and EuMV-YP genomic components demonstrated that these viruses do not form infectious reassortants in Nicotiana benthamiana, presumably because of Rep-iteron incompatibility. Sequence analysis of the EuMV-Jal DNA-B intergenic region (IR led to the unexpected discovery of a 35-nt-long sequence that is identical to a segment of the rep gene in the cognate viral DNA-A. Similar short rep sequences ranging from 35- to 51-nt in length were identified in all EuMV isolates and in three distinct viruses from South America related to EuMV. These short rep sequences in the DNA-B IR are positioned downstream to a ~160-nt non-coding domain highly similar to the CP promoter of begomoviruses belonging to the SLCV clade. Conclusions EuMV strains are not compatible in replication, indicating that this begomovirus species probably is not a replicating lineage in nature. The genomic analysis of EuMV-Jal led to the discovery of a subgroup of SLCV clade viruses that contain in

  3. Aerospace Plane Technology, Research and Development Efforts in Europe

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-07-25

    Technology Experimental Vehicle Source Vesserschrntt Boeii’o:. N~ohm \\1es(’~hmt t-i oelow-~loius)I ut rvAircrah ftDivision has -onl- (hictd tIIhe hIIt jal...balanced program of hypersonic research and duvelop- ment in Europe. All of the facilities capable of testing at speeds greater than Mach 12 have running ...High values of the kinetic parameter and of the viscous interaction parameter will be obtained with a run time duca- tion of up to 50 milliseconds. The

  4. Crítica de Libros.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Colina Pérez

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available Robert J. STOLLER, Dolor y pasión. Un psicoanalista explora el mundo sadomasoquista, Buenos Aires, Manantial, 1998. Fernando Colina Harold I. KAPLAN, Benjamin J. SADOCK, Sinopsis de Psiquiatría, Madrid, Médica Panamericana, 1999.Ana Isabel Segura Azucena COUCEIRO, Bioética para clínicos, Madrid, Triacastella, 1999. Loreto García Armando GARCÍA GONZÁLEZ, Raquel ÁLVAREZ PELÁEZ, En busca de la raza perfecta. Eugenesia e higiene en Cuba (1898-1958, Madrid, CSIC, 1999. Mauricio Jalón Raquel ÁLVAREZ PELÁEZ, Florentino FERNÁNDEZ GONZÁLEZ, De Materia Medica Novae Hispaniae. Manuscrito de Recchi, Aranjuez, Doce Calles, 1999, 2 tomos. Mauricio Jalón. Charles LASÈGUE, De la folie à deux à l’hystérie et autres états, París, L’Harmattan, 1998. Ramón Esteban Arnáiz. RETRATO DEL ARTISTA COMO ENFERMO: María Bolaños

  5. Crítica de Libros.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Colina Pérez

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available Jean-Claude MALEVAL, Lógica del delirio, Barcelona, Serbal, 1998. Fernando Colina Diego GUTIÉRREZ, José M.ª IZQUIERDO, El Dr. Obrador en la medicina de su tiempo, Oviedo, Bear, 1997. Begoña Olabarría. F. FUENTENEBRO, G. E. BERRIOS, A. I. ROMERO y R. HUERTAS (eds., Dr. Luis Martín-Santos. Psiquiatría y cultura en España en un Tiempo de Silencio, Madrid, Necodisne, 1999. José María Álvarez Rafael HUERTAS, Carmen ORTIZ (eds., Ciencia y fascismo, Madrid, Doce Calles, 1998. Ramón Esteban Arnáiz M. AGUIAR, Teatro Espontâneo e Psicodrama, São Paulo, Agora, 1998. José Antonio Espina Barrio Sebastian BRANT, La nave de los necios, Madrid, Akal, 1998. Ramón Esteban Arnáiz Max NORDAU, Fin de siglo, Jaén, Del Lunar, 1999. Mauricio Jalón LA CIENCIA Y LOS ANORMALES: Mauricio Jalón

  6. Para Leer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adela Sanz Cañibano

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Jorge L. Tizón, Ramón Ciurana, M del Carmen Fernández (Comps. Libro de casos. Promoción de la salud mental desde la atención primaria. (Adela Sanz Cañibano Grupo de Expertos en Competencia Intercultural. Instrumento para la valoración de la Competencia Intercultural en la Atención en salud mental. Hacia la equidad en salud. (María Goretti Morón Nozaleda Mariano Hernández Monsalve y Pilar Nieto Degregori (Coords.. Psicoterapia y Rehabilitación de pacientes con psicosis. (Francisco Chicharro Lezcano André du Laurens. De las enfermedades melancólicas. Jourdain Guibelet. Del humor melancólico. (Iñaki Markez Julio José? Segarra Valls. Léxico psico(patológico en la obra de Carlos Castilla del Pino. (Eudoxia Gay Pamos Giorgio Nardone y Alessandro Salvini. El diálogo estratégico. (Fernando Mansilla Izquierdo Michel Foucault. Leçons sur la volonté de savoir, suivi de Le savoir d'Edipe. (Mauricio Jalón Camilo Castelo Branco. La novela de un hombre rico. (Alicia Merisi Kenzaburo Oé. Cuadernos de Hiroshima. (Mauricio Jalón Pascal Quignard. Les solidarités mystérieuses. (Beatriz A. Rubín Documentos en la red (Juan Medrano

  7. Crítica de Libros.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anacleto Ferrer

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available Cándido POLO, Prensa, locura y sociedad, Madrid, AEN, 1999. Anacleto Ferrer. José M.ª ÁLVAREZ MARTÍNEZ, La invención de las enfermedades mentales, Madrid, DOR, 1999. Ramón Esteban Arnáiz W. MALTZ y S. BOSS, El mundo íntimo de las fantasías sexuales femeninas. Un viaje de pasión, placer y autodescubrimiento, Barcelona, Paidós, 1998. José Antonio Espina Barrio Edward SHORTER, Historia de la Psiquiatría, Barcelona, JC Ediciones Médicas, 1999. José María Álvarez. Ángeles EGIDO, Manuel Azaña. Entre el mito y la leyenda, Valladolid, Junta de Castilla y León, 1998. Mauricio Jalón Carlos GARCÍA GUAL, Sobre el descrédito de la literatura y otros avisos humanistas, Barcelona, Península, 1999. Mauricio Jalón Un diccionario de locos. Ramón Esteban Arnáiz

  8. Crítica de Libros.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mauricio Jalón

    1997-01-01

    Full Text Available Robert BURTON, Anatomía de la melancolía, Madrid, A.E.N. (distr. Siglo XXI, 1997.Mauricio Jalón. VVAA., La salud mental en los noventa. Clínica, prácticas, organización. (IV Jornadas de la Asociación Castellano-Leonesa de Salud Mental, Valladolid. ACLSM. 1997.Fernando Santander V. RODER, H. D. BRENNER, B. HODEL, N. KIENZLE, Terapia integrada de la esquizofrenia, Barcelona, ArieL 1996. J. A. Arenas García, C. Parrado Prieto HAROLD 1. KAPLAN; BENJAMIN J. SADOCK (eds., Terapia de Grupo, Madrid, Médica Panamericana, 1996.José Antonio Espina Barrio José Antonio ESPINA BARRIO, Psicodrama. Nacimiento y desarrollo, Salamanca, Amaro, 1995. José María López Sánchez Fulgencio MARTÍNEZ SAURA, La medicina romana (Desde la perspectiva de «De Medicina», de A. Cornelio Celso, Madrid, SmithKline Beecham, 1996. Ramón Esteban Arnáiz Emilio LLEDó, Palabras entrevistas. Treinta y siete conversaciones, Valladolid, Junta de Castilla y León, 1997. Mauricio Jalón

  9. Crítica de Libros.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Colina Pérez

    1997-01-01

    Full Text Available Anselm van FEUERBACH, Gaspar Hauser. Un delito contra el alma de un hombre, Madrid, Asociación Española de Neuropsiquiatría, 1997. Fernando Colina Sigmund FREUD, Correspondencia. Tomo IIl: /909-/914. Expansión. La internacional psicoanalítica. Edición de Nicolás Caparrós, Madrid, Biblioteca Nueva, 1997. Mauricio Jalón J. M.a ÁLVAREZ y F. COLINA, Clásicos de la paranoia, Madrid, DOR, 1997. F. Fuentenebro de Diego S. CERVERA, V. CONDE, A. ESPINO, J. GINER, C. LEAN, F. TORRES (eds., Manual del Residente de Psiquiatría, Madrid, Smithkline Beecham, 1997. José L. Cáceres Pereira José GARCÍA, Blanca DE LAS HERAS, Enrique PEÑUELAS (eds., Rehabilitación. psicosocial: conceptos y estrategias, Oviedo, KRK / Duphar, 1997. Ramón Esteban Arnáiz. Demetrio BARCIA (ed., Esquizofrenia. cuadros afines y cuadros delirantes. Madrid, ELA, 1997. Fernando Colina. Noberto BOBBIO, De senectute y otros escritos biográficos. Madrid, Taurus, 1997. Mauricio Jalón. John DONNE, Paradojas y devociones, Valladolid, cuatro. ediciones, 1997. Andrea Rubín

  10. Crítica de Libros.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mauricio Jalón

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Diógenes LAERCIO, Vidas y opiniones de los filósofos ilustres, Madrid, Alianza, 2007, 608 pp.; traducción e introducción de Carlos García Gual. Mauricio Jalón. Giorgio CORTENOVA (ed., Il settimo splendore. La modernità della malinconia, Venecia, Marsilio, 2007, 393 pp. Jose Luis Peset. John DONNE, Biathanatos, Madrid, AEN, 2007, 226 pp. Mauricio Jalón. Javier DEFELIPE; Henry MARKRAMAM; Jorge WAGENSBERG (coords., Paisajes neuronales. Homenaje a Santiago Ramón y Cajal, Madrid, CSIC, 2007, 336 pp. Andrés Galera Thomas McKEOWN, Los orígenes de las enfermedades humanas, Madrid, Triacastela, 2006, 316 pp.Nuria Seijas. Manuel DESVIAT, De locos a enfermos. De la psiquiatría del manicomio a la salud mental comunitaria, Madrid, Ayuntamiento de Leganés, 2007, 223 pp. Fernando Mansilla. Héctor GONZÁLEZ y Marino PÉREZ, La invención de trastornos mentales: ¿escuchando al fármaco o al paciente?, Madrid, Alianza, 2007, 352 pp. Héctor GONZÁLEZ y Marino. PÉREZ, La invención de trastornos mentales: ¿escuchando al fármaco o al paciente?, Madrid, Alianza, 2007, 352 pp. Juan Carlos Fiorini. David ENOCH y Hadrian BALL, Síndromes raros en psicopatología, Madrid, Triacastela, 2007, 316 pp. Laura Martín Hilde BRUCH, La jaula dorada. El enigma de la anorexia nerviosa, Barcelona, Paidós, 2002, 172 pp. Francisco Vaccari Rosa GÓMEZ ESTEBAN y Enrique RIVAS PADILLA, La integración del psicoanálisis en la sociedad de nuestro tiempo, Madrid, AEN, 2007, 187 pp. Iria María Prieto Pedro R. GIL-MONTE y Bernardo MORENO JIMÉNEZ (Coordinadores. El síndrome de quemarse por el trabajo (burnout. Grupos de profesionales de riesgo, Madrid, Pirámide, 2007, 342 pp. Fernando Mansilla Belinda CANNONE, El sentimiento de impostura, Madrid, Biblioteca Nueva, 2007, 160 pp. Francisco Ferrández John B. HALDANE y Bertrand RUSSELL, Dédalo e Ícaro. El futuro de la ciencia, Oviedo, KRK, 2005, introducción de C. López Otín. Mauricio Jalón Pierre BAYLE, Pirr

  11. Global regulatory landscape of biosimilars: emerging and established market perspectives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Krishnan A

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Anita Krishnan,1 Rustom Mody,1 Hemant Malhotra21Lupin Limited, Biotech Division, Maharashtra, India; 2Division of Medical Oncology, RK Birla Cancer Center, SMS Medical College Hospital, Jaipur, India Abstract: Biological product development for launch in multiple geographies with varied regulatory expectations would require a planned and focused strategy, involving the selection of the appropriate reference product, defining the extent of process and product characterization and design of nonclinical and clinical studies. The development for established markets like the European Union and the United States, which have precedence in regulatory pathways, may face very different challenges compared to emerging markets, many of which are still in the nascent stages of regulatory guidelines. A clear and concise understanding of the regulatory framework of each region and awareness of the limitations of health care policies, with an added knowledge of the local factors that influence the biosimilar market, would be desirable for a good business strategy. Herein it is attempted to outline the stages of regional guideline implementation in the various global locations and compare the variability in regulatory requirement between them. The factors that could potentially impact biosimilars business in these regions are also outlined. Finally, the prevailing competition between manufacturers of innovative and biosimilar drugs, which could influence the availability of lifesaving off-patent drugs for critical diseases and the advent of more effective, alternate, or next-generation molecules, is also briefly described. Keywords: guidelines, India, comparability, EMA, US FDA, WHO

  12. Composites with tuned effective magnetic permeability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amirkhizi, Alireza V.; Nemat-Nasser, Sia

    2007-07-01

    Pendry et al. [J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, D. J. Robbins, and W. J. Stewart, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 47, 2075 (1999)] and Smith et al. [D. R. Smith, W. J. Padilla, D. C. Vier, S. C. Nemat-Nasser, and S. Schultz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4184 (2000)] have shown that the effective magnetic permeability, μ, of free space can be rendered negative over a certain frequency range by a periodic arrangement of very thin conductors with suitable magnetic resonance properties, the so-called split-ring resonators. Because of its rather bulky architecture, this structure does not lend itself to a proper integration into a reasonably thin real composite structural panel. To remedy this fundamental barrier, we invented a new magnetic resonator consisting of very thin folded plates that are suitably nested within one another to form folded-doubled resonators (FDRs) that can be integrated into an actual composite panel. Measurements, using a focused beam electromagnetic characterization system combined with time-domain numerical simulations of the reflection and transmission coefficients of such a composite slab have revealed that indeed the composite has a negative μ over a frequency range of about 9.1-9.35 GHz [S. Nemat-Nasser, S. C. Nemat-Nasser, T. A. Plaisted, A. Starr, and A. Vakil Amirkhizi, in Biomimetics: Biologically Inspired Technologies, edited by Y. Bar Cohen (CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, 2006)]. Thus, it has become possible to construct a structural composite panel with negative index of refraction by simultaneously creating negative effective ɛ and μ [V. G. Veselago, Sov. Phys. Usp. 10, 509 (1968); R. A. Shelby, D. R. Smith, and S. Schultz, Science 292, 77 (2001); A. F. Starr, P. M. Rye, D. R. Smith, and S. Nemat-Nasser, Phys. Rev. B 70, 113102 (2004)].

  13. PRISM, a Patient-Reported Outcome Instrument, Accurately Measures Symptom Change in Refractory Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fuller, Garth; Bolus, Roger; Whitman, Cynthia; Talley, Jennifer; Erder, M Haim; Joseph, Alain; Silberg, Debra G; Spiegel, Brennan

    2017-03-01

    Most patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) experience relief following treatment with proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) (Vakil et al. in Am J Gastroenterol 101:1900-1920, 2006; Everhart and Ruhl in Gastroenterology 136:376-386, 2009). As many as 17-44% of patients, however, exhibit only partial response to therapy. Most extant GERD patient-reported outcome (PRO) instruments fail to meet development best practices as described by the FDA (Talley and Wiklund in Qual Life Res 14:21-33, 2005; Van Pinxteren et al. in Cochrane Database Syst Rev 18:CD002095, 2004; El-Serag et al. in Aliment Pharmacol Ther 32:720-737, 2010). To develop and validate a PRO instrument for clinical trials involving patients with GERD who are PPI partial responders. We prepared a systematic literature review, held patient focus groups, convened an expert panel, and conducted cognitive interviews to establish content validity. Eligible participants took PPI therapy for at least 8 weeks, had undergone an upper endoscopy, and scored at least 8 points on the GerdQ [6]. Qualitative data guided development of 26 draft items. Items were reviewed by expert panels and debriefed with patients. The resulting 21-item instrument underwent psychometric evaluation during a Phase IIB trial. During the trial, confirmatory factor analysis (n = 220) resulted in a four-factor model displaying the highest goodness of fit. All domains had a high inter-item correlation (Cronbach's α > 0.8). Test-retest reliability and convergent validity were strong, with highly significant (p PRISM scores and severity anchors and significant (p PRISM. Developed in line with FDA guidance on PROs, PRISM represents an important new outcome measure for patients with GERD with a partial response to PPI therapy.

  14. Analysis of Electromagnetics Forces on Magnetically Suspended High-Speed Trains

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Mayer

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available High-speed superexpresses (HSST developed by Japanese airlines (JAL are based on the electrodynamics principle of magnetic suspension. The track contains short-circuited coils and interaction between them and superconductive coils in the vehicle produces its suspension. The paper includes a mathematical model for traction electrodynamics suspension device HSST represented by a system of linear differential equations with coefficients varying in time. Numerical analysis of this model fields the velocity-dependent lift and drag forces acting on the system. The time distribution of the lift force exhibits certain oscillations that may be suppressed by suitable placement of several superconductive levitation wings in the vehicle. The results obtained are in a good agreement with the knowledge found by various authors on prototype vehicles.

  15. A large impact of tropical biomass burning on CO and CO2 in the upper troposphere

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    A large interannual variation of biomass burning emissions from Southeast Asia is associated with the ENSO events. During 1997/98 and 1994 El Nino years, uncontrolled wildfires of tropical rainforests and peat lands in Indonesia were enlarged due to a long drought. Enhanced CO injection into the upper troposphere from the intense Indonesian fires was clearly observed in the 8-year measurements from a regular flask sampling over the western Pacific using a JAL airliner between Australia and Japan. This airliner observation also revealed that upper tropospheric CO2 cycle largely changed during the 1997 El Nino year due partly to the biomass burning emissions. Widespread pollution from the biomass burnings in Southeast Asia was simulated using a CO tracer driven by a 3D global chemical transport model. This simulation indicates that tropical deep convections connected to rapid advection by the subtropical jet play a significant role in dispersing biomass-burning emissions from Southeast Asia on a global scale.

  16. KIC在墨西哥建立国内产品维修和校准中心

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    为了完善客户服务,KIC拓展了在墨西哥的业务网络。过去,KIC在墨西哥的客户必须把KIC产品寄往美国维修。从2012年9月1日开始,墨西哥客户就可以把他们的温度曲线测试仪以及其他KIC设备送往JAL瓜达拉哈拉进行维修或校准。位于瓜达拉哈拉的新办事处将保证周转更快、服务费用更低。维修产品时再也不用办理海关手续了。

  17. LA RECUPERACIÓN DE LOS ANTIGUOS CAMINOS REALES Y SUS RUTAS LITERARIAS COMO PRODUCTO TURÍSTICO. EL CASO DE LOS VALLES DEL HUERVA Y JILOCA (ARAGÓN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emilio Benedicto Gimeno

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Los valles del Jiloca y Huerva, en el sur de Aragón, han sido atravesados desde tiempos inmemoriales por tres caminos reales que conectaban el valle del Ebro con el interior peninsular, la zona levantina y el valle del Jalón. A lo largo de estos tres itinerarios encontramos numerosos restos materiales de interés cultural que se han convertido en elementos identitarios de las localidades que atraviesan, pero también una serie de rutas míticas o literarias de gran arraigo popular: camino del Mío Cid, camino de San Vicente Mártir y el camino de los Reyes a Madrid. Convertir estos elementos materiales e inmateriales en un producto turístico, aunque interesante y atractiva, no es tarea fácil.

  18. Crítica de Libros.

    OpenAIRE

    Fernando Colina Pérez; Mauricio Jalón; Ramón Esteban Arnáiz; J Leal Rubio; Francisco Pereña García; Rosario Ibañes; Andrea Rubín

    1997-01-01

    María BOLAÑOS, Pasajes de la melancolía (Arte y bilis negra a comienzos del siglo XX), Valladolid, Junta de Castilla y León, 1996. Fernando Colina Henri Ey, Sehizophrénie. Études cliniques et psyehopathologiques, París, Synthelabo, 1996. Mauricio Jalón José Antonio ALDAz, Carmelo VÁZQUEZ (comps.), Esquizofrenia: fundamentos psicológicos y psiquiátricos de la rehabilitación. Madrid, Siglo XXI de España, 1996. Ramón Esteban Arnáiz . Alfredo CAPELLÁ, La histeria y lo obsesivo. análisis de la clí...

  19. Análisis del papel de los caracteres foliares de Cnidoscolus (Euphorbiaceae) en la defensa contra herbívoros y patógenos

    OpenAIRE

    Torres-González, Daniel; García-Guzmán, Graciela

    2014-01-01

    Se analizó el papel de algunos caracteres foliares (área específica, grosor, densidad de tricomas, contenido hídrico y producción de látex) de tres especies de Cnidoscolus (Euphorbiaceae) en la defensa contra insectos herbívoros y hongos patógenos. Se examinó el daño foliar en adultos de las especies arbóreas C. spinosus y C. megacanthus y de la especie herbácea C. urens, en poblaciones localizadas en la Reserva de la Biosfera de Chamela-Cuixmala (Jal.) y en la región de Huatulco-Zimatán (Oax...

  20. A CBR-Based Multiagent Reinforcement Learning Approach%一种基于案例推理的多agent强化学习方法研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李珺; 潘启树; 洪炳殚

    2009-01-01

    A multiagent reinforcement learning approach based on CBR (case-based reasoning) is proposed. The system policy case library is built, and the relevant policy case subset is chosen by judging the cooperation relationship between the agents. Simulated annealing is used to find the fittest and reuseful case policy, and then the agents choose their actions based on the case. And if there is no practicable case in the case library, the agents carry out joint action learning (JAL). The system policy case library can be updated in real time based on the learning results. The detailed simulation results on pursuit problem are presented to show the superiority of the presented method in learning speed and convergency.%提出一种基于案例推理的多agent强化学习方法.构建了系统策略案例库,通过判断agent之间的协作关系选择相应案例库子集.利用模拟退火方法从中寻找最合适的可再用案例策略,agent按照案例指导执行动作选择.在没有可用案例的情况下,agent执行联合行为学习(JAL).在学习结果的基础上实时更新系统策略案例库.追捕问题的仿真结果表明所提方法明显提高了学习速度与收敛性.

  1. Libros.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alberto Fernández Liria

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Eduardo Ruiz Parra y cols. Seguimiento grupal de pacientes psicóticos en la red pública de salud mental de la Comunidad Autónoma Vasca. (Alberto Fernández Liria Emilio Lledó. Ser quien eres. (Mauricio Jalón. Roberto Esposito. Tercera persona. Política de la vida y filosofía de lo impersonal. (Luis Aragón González. Stella Gibbons. La hija de Robert Poste. Barbara Pym. Jane y Prudente. Penelope Fitzgerald. La librería. (Mauricio Jalón. Joris K. Huysmans. Aguas grises. (Vicente Pizarro. José Manuel López Gómez. Asistencia psiquiátrica y salud mental en Burgos: Ignacio López Saiz (1910-1986. (Alicia Merisi. E. Roudinesco. Nuestro lado oscuro. Una historia de los perversos. (Luis Aragón González. Michel Onfray. El sueño de Eichmann. (Luis Aragón González. Charles Dickens. Historia de dos ciudades. (José Luis Peset. Anacleto Ferrer, Cándido Polo. Cine y locura. El pensamiento claro no nos basta. (Ana Catalán. Daniel J. Carlat. Unhinged – The trouble with Psychiatry – a doctor’s revelations about a profession in crisis. (Juan Medrano. Dylan Evans. Placebo. El triunfo de la mente sobre la material en la medicina moderna. (Juan Medrano. Irving Kirsch. The Emperor’s New Drugs: Exploding the Antidepressant Myth (Juan Medrano.

  2. Effects of Chinese opera on the reproductions of Ibsen's plays

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miriam Leung Che LAU

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available As part of a globalized phenomenon, the reproductions of Ibsen’s plays on the Chinese theatrical stage increasingly focus upon the exploration and expansion of new cultural forms, as Patrice Pavis defines interculturalism as “grasping the dialectical of exchanges of civilities between cultures”. However, how do we evaluate the effectiveness of the many “intercultural” productions that surround us today? I attempt to answer this question by comparing two Chinese reproductions of Ibsen’s plays that employ elements of Chinese opera on varying scales. The first one is a total transformation of Hedda Gabler into a Hangzhou yue opera form, Xin Bi Tian Gao (Aspirations Higher than the Sky, 心比天高 in 2006. As part of the yue opera tradition, Hedda Gabler was staged in an all-female cast. The second one is a fragmented insertion of a Peking opera excerpt into the staging of A Doll’s House by the National Experimental Theatre of China in 1998. One of the highlights of the play is a Norwegian actress, who plays Nora, singing and dancing a short Peking opera excerpt, thus replacing the tarantella dance in the original play. Contextualising the multiple perspectives towards interculturalism by Patrice Pavis, Richard Schechner and Rustom Bharucha, I aim to explore how the appropriation of Chinese opera in such performances might strengthen or weaken the reciprocal flows between the source and target cultures in Pavis’s “hourglass model”, and whether the initial attempt of revitalising both Chinese and Western art forms has backfired and misproduced Bertolt Brecht’s alienation effect directed at the contemporary audience.

  3. Crítica de Libros.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrés Galera

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Giovan Battista della PORTA, Fisiognomía I, Madrid, AEN, 2007, 281 pp. Andrés Galera Javier SÁEZ, Teoría Queer y psicoanálisis, Madrid, Síntesis, 2004, 221 pp. Luis Aragón González Jeremy SAFRAN, Christopher MURAN, La alianza terapéutica: una guía para el tratamiento relacional, Bilbao, Desclée de Brouwer, 2005, 336 pp. Iria Prieto Piedad RUIZ, El maltrato a la mujer, Madrid, Síntesis, 2006, 167 pp. José María Redero San Román E. VASCHETTO (comp., Depresiones y psicoanálisis. Insuficiencia, cobardía moral, fatiga, aburrimiento, dolor de existir, Buenos Aires, Grama, 2006, 140 pp. Francisco Ferrández Anthony RYLE; Ian B. KERR, Psicoterapia Cognitiva Analítica. Teoría y práctica, Bilbao, Desclée de Brouwer, 2006, 384 pp. M.ª Luisa López Román GUBERN, Patologías de la imagen, Anagrama, Barcelona, 2004, 368 pp. Ángel Cagigas Pau PÉREZ SALES (ed., Trauma, culpa y duelo. Hacia una Psicoterapia Integradora, Bilbao, Desclée de Brouwer, 2006, 596 pp. Francisco Vaccari Antonello LAVERGATA, Guerra e darwinismo sociale, Catanzaro, Rubbettino, 2005, 254 pp. Andrés Galera Sérgio LAIA, Los escritos fuera de sí: Joyce,Lacan y la locura, Vigo, Asociación Galega de Saúde Mental, Colección La Otra psiquiatría, 2006, 319 pp. José R. Eiras Hugo VON HOFMANNSTHAL, Asomado al abismo, Valladolid, Cuatro, 2006, 200 pp. Esteban Landmarke Stanislaw LEM, El castillo alto, Madrid, Funambulista, 2006, 220 pp.; Józef WITTLIN, Mi Lvov, Valencia, Pre-Textos, 2006, 98 pp. Mauricio Jalón Philippe JACCOTTET, La oscuridad, 2006, 132 pp., tr. y epílogo de Rafael-José Díaz. Mauricio Jalón

  4. To the Far West. Levantine Rock Art in the access to the Meseta: Roca Benedí (Jaraba, Zaragoza

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Utrilla, Pilar

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available We focus on the discovery of four black figures, of the most classic Levantine rock art style, in a previously unknown area: the river Mesa valley in the Jalón basin, that is the natural acces route to the South Meseta, in the Iberian System. The painted rock is located in a territory with thermal sources, very close to the spa resort of Jaraba. Its stylistic pattern corresponds with the Levantine “flying motion” archers, with thematical parallels in the group of the Bajo Aragón/Maestrazgo/Bajo Ebro, and it represents the westernmost Levantine rock art site in Aragón. Its location in a winding ravine reproduces the Valltorta scheme, and emphasises its character as a territorial marker, being a natural amphitheatre at the junction of two ravines, in the most visible zone of the hole route.

    Se da a conocer el hallazgo de cinco motivos, cuatro de ellos del más clásico estilo levantino y de color negro, en una zona inédita: el valle del río Mesa en la cuenca del río Jalón, camino natural de acceso a la Meseta Sur. La roca pintada se ubica además en territorio de aguas termales, muy próximo a los balnearios de Jaraba, destacándose como el yacimiento levantino más occidental conocido en Aragón. Su patrón estilístico encaja en los tipos de arqueros que se desplazan, con paralelos temáticos en el grupo Bajo Aragón/Maestrazgo/Bajo Ebro. Su ubicación en un cañón sinuoso reproduce el esquema de la zona de Valltorta (Castellón y subraya su carácter de marcador territorial, situándose en un anfiteatro natural tras un meandro en la confluencia con un barranco perpendicular y en la zona más visible de todo el barranco.

  5. Varanus exanthematicus (Bosc, 1792, Apalone spinifera emoryi (Le Sueur, 1827 y Gopherus berlandieri (Agassiz, 1857: reptiles exóticos en el área urbana de Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco, México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cupul-Magaña, Fabio Germán

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Varanus exanthematicus (Bosc, 1792; Material examinado: 1 ejemplar, hembra, longitud hocico-punta de la cola 628 mm, colectado el 8 de febrero del 2011 en una calle del área urbana de Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco, 20º 35' 48" N y 105º 13' 52" O, col. personal de la Subdirección de Ecología Municipal del H. Ayuntamiento de Puerto Vallarta, depositado y en resguardo del Reptilario Cipactli del Centro Universitario de la Costa de la Universidad de Guadalajara en Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco, México (permiso de funcionamiento del reptilario INE/ CITES/DGVS-CR-IN-0610-JAL./00; no hay número de registro individual del ejemplar. Gopherus berlandieri (Agassiz, 1857; Material examinado: 1 ejemplar, macho, longitud de caparazón 270 mm, colectado el 4 de mayo del 2005 en un parque urbano del Barrio Santa María de Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco, 20º 37' 53" N y 105º 12' 4" O, col. personal de la Policía Ecológica del H. Ayuntamiento de Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco, depositada y en resguardo en una casa particular en la ciudad de León, Guanajuato (esta ciudad se encuentra aproximadamente a 370 km al noreste de Puerto Vallarta; no hay más datos del registro. Apalone spinifera emoryi (Le Sueur, 1827; Material examinado: 1 ejemplar, macho, longitud del caparazón 240 mm, capturado el 20 de mayo del 2011 en una laguna artificial de agua dulce del área suburbana de Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco, 20º 42' 15" N y 105º 13' 18" O, col. Helios Hernández, depositado y en resguardo del Reptilario Cipactli del Centro Universitario de la Costa de la Universidad de Guadalajara en Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco, México (permiso de funcionamiento del reptilario INE/ CITES/DGVS-CR-IN-0610-JAL./00; no hay número de registro individual del ejemplar.

  6. Crítica de Libros.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Colina Pérez

    1997-01-01

    Full Text Available María BOLAÑOS, Pasajes de la melancolía (Arte y bilis negra a comienzos del siglo XX, Valladolid, Junta de Castilla y León, 1996. Fernando Colina Henri Ey, Sehizophrénie. Études cliniques et psyehopathologiques, París, Synthelabo, 1996. Mauricio Jalón José Antonio ALDAz, Carmelo VÁZQUEZ (comps., Esquizofrenia: fundamentos psicológicos y psiquiátricos de la rehabilitación. Madrid, Siglo XXI de España, 1996. Ramón Esteban Arnáiz . Alfredo CAPELLÁ, La histeria y lo obsesivo. análisis de la clínica psicoanalítica. Barcelona, Herder, 1996. José Leal Rubio Jorge ALEMÁN, La experiencia del fin. Psicoanálisis y metafísica, Málaga, Miguel Gómez, 1996. Francisco Pereña Rosa ROSSI, Juan de la Cruz. Silencio y creatividad, Madrid, Trotta, 1996. Rosario Ibañes M. JALÓN, F. COLINA, Pasado y presente. Diálogos, Valladolid, Cuatro. ediciones (distr.: Siglo XXI, 1996. Andrea Rubín

  7. Growth Inhibition and Apoptosis Induced by Retinoic Acid Combined with Interferon Alpha-2a on Transitional Cell Carcinoma of Bladder

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    QIANLi-xin; LIUXun-liang; ZHOUJian-wei; MonicaLiebert; ZOUChang-chun; ZOUChang-ping

    2004-01-01

    To identify new favorable agents and develop novel approaches for the chemoprevention and treatment of superficial bladder cancer and invesligate the effects of combination of relinoids and interferon α-2a on growth inhibition and apoptosis induction in bladder cancer cell lines. Methods: Four bladder cancer cell lines, grade 1 to 3,and two retinoids, all-trans-retinoic acid(ATRA) ,9.cis retinoic acid(9cRA) ,combined with inteferon α-2a(INF),were used in the study.We compared the competence of these agents to inhibit growth, induce apoptosis, affect the exptession of nuclear retinoid receptors, and modulate STAT1 protein. Resu/ts: Most of the bladder cancer cell lines were resistant to the effect of ATRA and 9cRA on growth inhibition and apoptosis induction, even at higher concentration (10-5M).The effects of ATRA and 9c RA on cell growth and apoptosis were enhanced by INF α-2a.Combination of ATRA and IFNa-2a induced ~ and Slat 1 expression in three bladder cancer cell lines, ~: The results demonstrated that INFw2a synergize with the inhibitory effect of ATRA and 9c RA on the growth intn'bition and apoptosis of bladder cancer cells in vitro, which suggested that it has a potenlJal intexest for the trealment of transitimml cell carcinmna of bladder.

  8. The Sīmiyā’ in Al-Andalus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaime Coullaut Cordero

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Sīmiyā’ is an Arabic word that uses to be translated as ‘white magic’ or ‘natural magic’. In fact, the so-called “science of al-Sīmiyā’” is a kind of magic well known in the Arab world since the Middle Ages. In this paper, after a short revision of the different etymologies suggested for this word, we discuss the definitions given to the this magical science by classic authors, namely Šhihāb al-Dīn al-Qarāfī (s. XIII, Ibn Jaldūn (s. XIV and Hāyŷī Jalīfa (s. XVII, remarking the differences in their definitions.After that, we analyze the meaning, basic concepts and practice of the sīmiyā’ in al-Andalus, as exposed in the book entitled Kanz al-‘ulūm wa-l-durr al-manzūm, written by the sufi author Muhammad b. ‘Alī Ibn Tūmart al-Andalusī (s. XIII- XIV, what lead us to relatesufism with the practice of occult sciences in the Islamic world.

  9. Crítica de Libros.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramón Esteban Arnáiz

    1994-01-01

    Full Text Available V. APARICIO BASAURI (coord., Evaluación de servicios de salud mental, Madrid, A.E.N., 1993. Ramón Esteban Arnáiz. Josefina MASS HESSE y Amelia TESORO ARRARTE (coord., Mujer y salud mental. Mitos y realidades, Madrid, A.E.N., 1993. M. López Peña G. LANTERI-LAURA, Les hallucinations, París, Masson, 1991. José María Álvarez Zvi LOTHANE, In defense of Schreber, Nueva Jersey, The Analytic Press, 1991. Martín Lorenzo Vargas Aragón y Jesús María Rodríguez Huidobro. Carmen SÁEZ BUENAVENTURA, ¿La liberación era esto? Mujeres, vidas y crisis, Madrid, Temas de Hoy, 1993. Velia Chavarría Daniela APARICIO Y otros, Salud Mental, Barcelona, Doyma, 1992. José Leal Rubio Jorge ALEMÁN, Cuestiones antifilosóficas de Jacques Lacan, Buenos Aires, Atuel, 1993. Fernando Colina Gilles DELEUZE, Critique et clinique, París, Minuit, 1993. Mauricio Jalón

  10. Absence of point mutation in the 12th codon of transformed c-Ha-rasl genes of human cancer of the breast, stomach, melanoma, and neuroblastoma

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Knyazev, P.G.; Schafer, R.; Willecke, K.V.; Seitz, I.F.

    1985-11-01

    In the authors' previous investigations, they established that the tumorous cell lines SK-BR-3 (breast cancer), LAN-1 (neuroblastoma), and a heterotransplant of malignant melanoma Jal contain transforming genes of Ha-ras type. Now, the authors report their results using restriction endonucleases of MspI and HpaII restriction to study nucleotide sequences 5'-CCGGC-3' and 3'GGCCG-5', which contain the 12th codon of GGC for the amino acid glycine in the normal allele of c-Ha-rasl in the three tumors listed above, in addition to human adenocarcinoma of the stomach (CaVSt) and normal cells corresponding to them. For hybridization of MspI/HpaII, fragments of chromosomal DNA isolated from cell lines SK-BR-3, and LAN-1, Ja-1 heterotransplant, and stomach adenocarcinoma CaVSt, the XmaI section of EJ oncogene, c-Ha-rasl (plasmid pEJ 6.6), labeled with /sup 32/P was used in down-translation reaction. Hybridization was performed in 3 x SSC buffer containing 5x Deinhardt's reagent and 10% dextran sulfate at 68/sup 0/C for 16-18 h. Washing of filters was conducted under rigid conditions. For autoradiography, Kodak XR-5 x-ray film in cartridges with reinforcing shields was used at -70/sup 0/C, exposure time of four to six days.

  11. A Study on the Perception of Jordanian EFL Learners’ Pragmatic Transfer of Refusals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ibrahim Fathi Huwari

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available This study investigates the perception of Jordanian EFL learners’ (JEFL pragmatic transfer of refusal strategies in terms of contextual and cultural factors. Data were collected using a discourse completion test (DCT and a scaled-response questionnaire (SRQ to elicit perception data from the participants. Data from the SRQ were analyzed based on the speaker’s right to refuse the initiating act. Findings revealed that the right the speaker has to refuse the initiating act was assigned high ratings by the three groups (i.e., M > 3.00 in all social categories. Individually, however, the groups displayed the rating value differently where the AEL1 group’s perception of the speaker’s right was relatively higher than that of the JEFL and JAL1 groups in all the social categories. The JEFL participants’ negative pragmatic transfer criteria were met in the first and third social categories. The study concludes with a discussion of important directions for future research. Keywords: Perception, Refusal, Pragmatic transfer, Pragmalinguistic transfer, Sociopragmatic transfer

  12. Scholasticism, the dilemma for a radical reformation of our educational thought and practice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P.J. Helberg

    1975-03-01

    Full Text Available Those who have acquainted themselves with the work of Prof J.A.L. Taljaard will undoubtedly agree as regards the following two issues. First of all, Taljaard, theoretically and practically, reveals a special interest in education in general as well as in the furtherance of Christian educational thought and practice. On the other hand, Taljaard has set himself the aim in his philosophical work of attaining a radical biblical approach and a radical biblical philosophy. This implies not only a profound ‘No’ to Humanism, but also an effort to get ‘reformed’ philosophy disentangled from the shackles of Scholasticism which still persists as an active power that must never be underestimated. This leads him, naturally, more than once, to a confrontation with authors of reformed philosophy and theology, who, aware of it or not, did not succeed in freeing themselves from old Scholastic influences. To fight Scholasticism, in our ‘reformed’ Christian society, demands moral courage as well as a firm belief in one’s calling. It also includes the risk of becoming alienated by those who, usually or naturally, (should stand very close to you. This, however, is sad when viewed in terms of the confession which Taljaard never gets tired to accentuate, namely, that life is to be a religious worship of our Lord, the Creator and Redeemer in Jesus Christ.

  13. Crítica de Libros.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Consuelo Escudero Álvaro

    1994-01-01

    Full Text Available Nicolás CAPARRÓS, Tiempo, temporalidad y Psicoanálisis, Madrid, Quipú, 1994. Consuelo Escudero. lean GARRABÉ, Diccionario taxonómico de psiquiatría, México, Fondo de Cultura Económica, 1993. José María Álvarez Jean GARRABÉ, Histoire de la schizophrénie, París, Seghers, 1992. Fernando Colina Emilio LLEDÓ, Días y libros. Pequeños artículos y otras notas, Valladolid, Junta de Castilla y León, Consejería de Cultura y Turismo, 1994. Rafael Serrano García Jacques LACAN, Le séminaire IV. La relation d'objet, París, Le Seuil, 1994. Mauricio Jalón. ESTADO DE LA CUESTIÓN SOBRE TIPOLOGÍAS DEL ALCOHOLISMO BASADAS EN LA EDAD DE COMIENZO. G. Rubio. SERGE LECLAIRE, UNA OBRA CLAUSURADA. Consejo de Redacción

  14. Potential Flooding area for local Tsunami in Nayarit Region (Western Coast of Mexico).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trejo-Gomez, E.; Ortiz, M.; Nuñez-Cornu, F. J.

    2016-12-01

    The western coast of Mexico in the region of Jalisco and Nayarit states has a complex tectonics and a high seismic activity. In the last century, four big tsunamis occurred in this area, (three of them in 1932 and one in 1995, that hit the coast of Colima, Jalisco and Nayarit. Three of these tsunamis were generated by earthquakes and one more (22 June 1932) by an underwater landslide. Currently, there is a seismic Gap on the north coast of Jalisco and southern Nayarit. Recent published papers (Urías-Espinosa et al, 2016) and the first results of TsuJal Project (Núñez- Cornú et al, 2016) suggest that subduction regime to the north of Cabo Corrientes changes and the Rivera plate subducts with a very low angle and this structure remains until Maria Madre Island at north of the Marias Islands. The hypothesis of this work is the estimation of the tsunami run up and the flooding zone after a great magnitude earthquake generated by the rupture of the hypothetical subduction structure north of Cabo Corrientes. The possible effects on the coasts of Nayarit, Islas Marias and Banderas Bay (Puerto Vallarta) are proposed in this study.

  15. Crítica de Libros.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C Parrado Prieto

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available Klaus CONRAD, La esquizofrenia incipiente, Ensayo de un análisis gestáltico del delirio, Madrid, Fundación Archivos de Neurobiología, 1997. C. Parrado Prieto, J. A. Arenas García P. POBLACIÓN KNAPPE, Teoría y Práctica del Juego en Psicoterapia, Madrid, Fundamentos, 1997.José Antonio Espina Barrio Bonifacio SANDÍN, Ansiedad, miedos y fobias en niños y adolescentes, Madrid, Dykinson, 1997. Begoña Olabarría Víctor APARICIO (compilador, Orígenes y Fundamentos de la Psiquiatría en España, Madrid, ELA, 1977. Ramón Esteban Arnáiz Aaron GUREVICH, Los orígenes del individualismo europeo, Barcelona, Crítica, 1997. Ramón Esteban Arnáiz MENTALIDAD, CIENCIA E HISTORIA: A PROPÓSITO DE GEOFFREY E. R. LLOYD. Mauricio Jalón

  16. Crítica de Libros.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José María Álvarez Martínez

    1995-01-01

    Full Text Available G. G. DE CLÉRAMBAULT, El automatismo mental, Madrid, Dor-Eolia, 1995. José María Álvarez M. BIRCHWOOD~ N. TARRIER (coord., El tratamiento psicológico de la esquizofrenia, Barcelona, Ariel, 1995. Ramón Esteban Arnáiz Serban IONESCU, Catorce enfoques de la psicopatología, México, Fondo de Cultura Económica, 1994. Fernando Colina A. J. FRIEDHüFF, Homeostasis y enfermedad mental, Fundación Castilla del Pino/Juste, S.A.Q.F., 1995 Ramón Esteban Arnaíz. HIPÓCRATES, Juramento hipocrático. Tratados médicos, Madrid, Planeta DeAgostini, 1995. Ramón Esteban Arnáiz Remo BODEI, Una geometría de las pasiones, Barcelona, Muchnik, 1995. Manuel Saravia James AGEE, Walker EVANS, Elogiemos ahora a hombres famosos, Barcelona, Seix Barral, 1993.Mauricio Jalón

  17. Recycling produced water for algal cultivation for biofuels

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Neal, Justin N. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Sullivan, Enid J. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Dean, Cynthia A. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Steichen, Seth A. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2012-08-09

    Algal growth demands a continuous source of water of appropriate salinity and nutritional content. Fresh water sources are scarce in the deserts of the Southwestern United States, hence, salt water algae species are being investigated as a renewable biofuel source. The use of produced water from oil wells (PW) could offset the demand for fresh water in cultivation. Produced water can contain various concentrations of dissolved solids, metals and organic contaminants and often requires treatment beyond oil/water separation to make it suitable for algae cultivation. The produced water used in this study was taken from an oil well in Jal, New Mexico. An F/2-Si (minus silica) growth media commonly used to cultivate Nannochloropsis salina 1776 (NS 1776) was prepared using the produced water (F/2-Si PW) taking into account the metals and salts already present in the water. NS 1776 was seeded into a bioreactor containing 5L of the (F/2-Si PW) media. After eleven days the optical density at 750 nm (an indicator of algal growth) increased from 0 to 2.52. These results indicate algae are able to grow, though inhibited when compared with non-PW media, in the complex chemical conditions found in produced water. Savings from using nutrients present in the PW, such as P, K, and HCO{sub 3}{sup -}, results in a 44.38% cost savings over fresh water to mix the F/2-Si media.

  18. La necrópolis musulmana de Valdeherrera (Calatayud, Zaragoza: nuevos datos cronológicos sobre la fundación de Calatayud

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Carlos SÁENZ PRECIADO

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Una de las novedades más importantes del recién iniciado proyecto de investigación en el yacimiento de Valdeherrera ha sido el descubrimiento de una necrópolis musulmana o maqbara de cronología emiral ubicada entre los restos de la ciudad celtíbero-republicana existente en el lugar. Dada la ausencia total de materiales islámicos en el yacimiento, este descubrimiento ha marcado un hito en la investigación histórica de la ocupación islámica del territorio y del origen de Qal’at Ayyub, confirmando lo que las fuentes escritas musulmanas narraban. En este trabajo no pretendemos ofrecer una visión de conjunto ni un estudio exhaustivo de la maqbara descubierta, ya que los trabajos de excavación continúan y todavía no ha sido posible determinar su extensión. El fin último es dar a conocer su descubrimiento y aportar una secuencia cronológica que complete el vacío de información existente en este momento sobre el inicio de la presencia árabe en el valle medio del Jalón, donde se encuentra la ciudad de Qal’at Ayyud, que jugará un importante papel a lo largo de la Edad Media.

  19. Crítica de Libros.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel González de Chávez

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available José GARCÍA, Antonio ESPINO, Ladislao LARA, La Psiquiatría en la España de fin de siglo, Madrid, Díaz de Santos, 1998. Manuel González Chavez Manuel UTRILLA, ¿Son posibles las terapias en las instituciones? Estudio situacional, Madrid, Biblioteca Nueva, 1998. Victoria Torres Pierre MOREL, Dictionnaire biographique de la psychiatrie, Le Plessis-Robinson, Synth?labo, 1996. Ramón Esteban Arnáiz Paul ROAZEN, Cómo trabajaba Freud. Comentarios directos de sus pacientes, Barcelona, Paid?s, 1998. Ramón Esteban Arnáiz Demetrio BARCIA, Historia de la Psiquiatría Española / History of the Spanish Psychiatry, Tres Cantos (Madrid, Janssen-Cilag / You AND Us, 1998. Ramón Esteban Arnáiz Michelle PERROT, Mujeres en la ciudad, Santiago de Chile, A. Bello, 1997. Mauricio Jalón Hugo von HOFMANNSTHAL, Instantes griegos y otros sueños, Valladolid, Cuatro (distr.: Siglo XXI, 1998.

  20. Iglesia y educación en la España decimonónica: política concordataria (1851

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cándido RUIZ RODRIGO

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: Las relaciones Iglesia-Estado significan en España una constante histórica cuyo jalón más significativo en el siglo XIX se detecta en el Concordato concertado entre la Santa Sede y el Gobierno español y suscrito el 16 de marzo de 1851, que supuso, por otro lado, la reanudación de las mismas interrumpidas desde 1834. Sin duda, la cuestión educativa, que no significó graves problemas ni levantó excesivas polémicas con la firma del Concordato, suscitó, eso sí, en la sociedad española un decidido intento hacia la secularización. Y en este sentido, dicho concierto abrió nuevos caminos, no faltos de aspereza y polémica entre ambos frentes. Así, en este tratado —nos dirá Pérez Alhama— concluye y converge toda la problemática política, económica, religiosa, cultural y sociológica de la primera mitad del siglo XIX, con la crisis integral que toda ella implicaba. La casi totalidad de las instituciones españolas se hallaron involucradas en este proceso.

  1. Crítica de Libros.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramón Esteban Arnáiz

    1996-01-01

    Full Text Available Fernando LOLAS STEPKE, La perspectiva psicosomática en medicina. Ensayos de aproximación, Santiago de Chile, Ed. Universitaria, 1995. Ramón Esteban Arnáiz A. BELLOCH, B. SANDÍN, F. RAMos (eds., Manual de psicopatología, Madrid, McGraw Hill, 1995,2 vols. Begoña Olabarría VV.AA., Un siglo de psiquiatría en España. Dr. Gaetan Gatian de Clérambault (1872-1934. Maestro de L'Infirmerie. Certificateur, Madrid, Extra, 1995. José María Álvarez Víctor GÓMEZ PIN, La dignidad, Barcelona, Paidós, 1995. Manuel Saravia Sara PAÍN, Gladys JARREAD, Una psicoterapia por el arte. Teoría y técnica, Buenos Aires, Nueva Visión, 1995. Ramón Esteban Arnáiz. LA CIENCIA DESDE LA HISTORIA: RESONANCIAS DE KOYRÉ. Mauricio Jalón

  2. Demographics, clinical disease characteristics, and quality of life in a large cohort of psoriasis patients with and without psoriatic arthritis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Truong B

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available B Truong,1,* N Rich-Garg,2,* BD Ehst,1 AA Deodhar,2 JH Ku,2 K Vakil-Gilani,2 A Danve,2 A Blauvelt,1,3 1Department of Dermatology, Oregon Health and Science University, 2Division of Arthritis and Rheumatic Diseases, Oregon Health and Science University, 3Oregon Medical Research Center, Portland, OR, USA *These authors contributed equally to this work Innovation: What is already known about the topic: psoriasis (PsO is a common skin disease with major impact on quality of life (QoL. Patient-reported data on QoL from large number of PsO patients with and without psoriatic arthritis (PsA are limited. What this study adds: In a large cohort referred to a university psoriasis center, patients with PsO and concomitant PsA (~30% in this group had greater degrees of skin and nail involvement and experienced greater negative impacts on QoL. Despite large numbers of patients with moderate-to-severe disease, use of systemic therapy by community practitioners was uncommon. Background: PsO and PsA are common diseases that have marked adverse impacts on QoL. The disease features and patient-reported QoL data comparing PsO and PsA patients are limited. Objective: To identify and compare demographics, clinical disease characteristics, and QoL scores in a large cohort of PsO patients with and without PsA. Methods: All PsO patients seen in a psoriasis specialty clinic, named the Center of Excellence for Psoriasis and Psoriatic Arthritis, were enrolled in an observational cohort. Demographic, QoL, and clinical data were collected from patient-reported questionnaires and from physical examinations performed by Center of Excellence for Psoriasis and Psoriatic Arthritis dermatologists and a rheumatologists. Cross sectional descriptive data were collected and comparisons between patients with PsO alone and those with concomitant PsA are presented. Results: A total of 568 patients were enrolled in the database. Mean age of PsO onset was 28 years and mean disease

  3. Mimotope analysis of helicobacter pylori catalase based on mimox tool%基于Mimox工具分析幽门螺杆菌Catalase模拟表位

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李妍; 曾爽; 宁云山

    2012-01-01

    Objective To analyze the characteristics of mimotopes from Helicobacter pylori Catalase using Mimox software and compare with manually alignment.Methods Five mimotopes derived from phage display library were input Mimox web (http://immunet.cn/mimox/) and aligned with all parameters as defaults.Results The interlace ClustalW aligned the set of mimotopes and the appearance frequency of amino acids P,T,S,L,A was higher.The statistical method deduced the consensus sequence-[ HST] X [DST] FRPXA [ TNQ ] [ LV ] [ FW ] T-,in which the appearance frequency of amino acids P ( 80% ) and A (60%) was higher.The interface JalView deduced the consensus sequence-H-DFRP-AT-T-,in which the conservation of amino acid T( value 8),P( value 6),D( value 5 ) was higher,the quality of amino acid T( value 2.4595077),P( value 2.235784),R(value 2.1615076) was higher,the consensus of amino acid P( 80% ),A(60% ),T(60% )was higher.The results were consistent with manul alignment although there exited discrepancy.Conclusion The combination of phage display library and Mimox may analyze characteristics of minotopes and obtain comprehensive epitope information.%目的 利用Mimox软件分析幽门螺杆菌Catalase蛋白模拟表位的性质,并与手工比对结果进行比较.方法 将源于噬菌体随机肽库筛选技术获得的5个Catalase模拟表位输入Mimox网站,参数设定为默认值,进行模拟表位的比对,寻找共同序列并分析其性质.结果 从ClustalW界面比对结果看,氨基酸P、T、S、L、A出现频率较高,通过统计学的方法推导出的共同序列为-[ HST] X[ DST] FRPXA [ TNQ][ LV][FW]T-,其中氨基酸P(80%)和A(60%)的出现频率较高.通过JalView界面推导出的共同序列为-H-DFRP-AT-T-,保守性上氨基酸T(分值8)、P(分值6)、D(分值5)比较高;特性上氨基酸T(分值2.4595077)、P(分值2.235784)、R(分值2.1615076)比较高;共同性(consensus)上氨基酸P(80%)、A(60%)、T(60%)比较高,与先前手

  4. An overview of the surface and near-surface geology, geomorphology and natural resources of Kuwait

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Sulaimi, J.; Mukhopadhyay, A.

    2000-06-01

    The surface and near-surface geology, geomorphology and natural resources of Kuwait have been reviewed based on the published work. The stratigraphy and structure of the near-surface sediments of Kuwait have been mainly controlled by the Tertiary tectonic activity of the Arabian Shield. The shield started separating from the African mainland by the close of the Eocene and drifted northeastward towards the Asian plate, giving rise to the folding and thrusting of the Zagros Mountains of Iran. The tectonic activity superimposed a northwest-southeast trend over an earlier north-south structural trend, and gave rise to parallel ridges and valleys trending northwest-southeast through differential erosion. It has been possible to identify 15 geomorphic zones and 11 morphostructures from analysis of the surface features of Kuwait. Seven of these morphostructures can be attributed to tectonic processes and two to fluvial processes. It has not been possible, however, to explain satisfactorily the origin of the Jal Az-Zor escarpment or the Ad-Dalmaniyah cliff. The whole of Kuwait can be divided into seven drainage zones. Of these, the internal drainage systems of the Ar-Raudhatain-Umm Al-Aish drainage system and the Ad-Dibdibba drainage system are hydrogeologically most important. The clastic deposits of Kuwait Group sediments, often affected by low-temperature carbonate (calcite and dolomite) and sulfate (gypsum) precipitation, form the surface rock of Kuwait. These are covered by recent aeolian and residual deposits; playa deposits in the enclosed basins; and near the coast, oolitic sediments, beach sands and sabkha deposits. The surface and near-surface deposits of Kuwait contain important reserves of construction sand and gravel as well as the only naturally occurring freshwater reserves of the country. An understanding of the nature of these surface deposits is required for the management of environmental issues like sand encroachment, land-use planning, and soil and

  5. Crustal Architecture at the Collision Zone Between Rivera and North American Plates at the Jalisco Block: Tsujal Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dañobeitia, Juanjo; Bartolomé, Rafael; Prada, Manel; Nuñez-Cornú, Francisco; Córdoba, Diego; Bandy, William L.; Estrada, F.; Cameselle, Alejandra L.; Nuñez, Diana; Castellón, Arturo; Alonso, José Luis; Mortera, Carlos; Ortiz, Modesto

    2016-09-01

    Processing and analysis of new multichannel seismic records, coincident with wide-angle seismic profiles, acquired in the framework of the TsuJal project allow us to investigate in detail the complex structure of the oceanic domain in the collision zone between Rivera Plate and Block Jalisco at its northern termination. The subducting Rivera Plate, which is overridden by the North American Plate-Jalisco Block, is clearly identified up to 21.5°N (just south of Maria Magdalena Island) as a two clear reflections that we interpret as the interplate and Moho discontinuities. North of the Tres Marias Islands the seismic images display a different tectonic scenario with structures that are consistent with large faulting and rifted margin. A two-dimensional velocity approach for the crustal geometry is achieved using joint refraction/reflection travel time tomography, the uncertainty of the results is assessed by means of Monte Carlo analysis. Our results show an average oceanic crustal thickness of 6-7 km with a moderate increase towards the Jalisco Block, an anomalous thick layers (~3.0 km) displaying a relatively low velocity (~5.5 km/s) underneath Maria Magdalena Rise, and an estimated Moho depth deeper than 15 km in the collision zone between Rivera Plate and Jalisco Block. We have also determined an anomalous crust on the western flank of the Tres Marias Islands, which may be related to the initial phases of continental breakup of the Baja California Peninsula and Mexico mainland. High-resolution bathymetry provides remarkable images of intensive slope instabilities marked by relatively large slides scars of more than 40 km2 extent, and mass-wasting deposits probably triggered by the intense seismicity in the area.

  6. Lithostratigraphic classification and depositional history of the Permian rocks in Al Qasim Province, Saudi Arabia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khalifa, M. A.

    1993-04-01

    Surface and subsurface investigations on the Permian rocks (Khuff Formation) in Al Qasim Province, Saudi Arabia led to the subdivision of these rocks into two formal rock units. The lower is the Sark Formation and the upper is the Al Watah Formation. The Sark Formation consists of carbonates with interbeds of claystones and marl. Its type locality lies south of Unayzah (lat. 26° 02' N and long.44° 00' E). The Al Watah comprises two members, the lower is the Midhnab Shale Member and the upper is the Khartam Limestone Member. The type section of the Al Watah Formation lies at Jal Al Watah (lat. 26° 30'N and long. 44° 02' E). The Sark Formation exhibits facies change along the strike of the Arabian basin. Southeastwards at Al Arid, the environment was coastal marine, while at Al Mulayh the environment was quiet marine shelf, where the facies are fine-grained wackestones. In Al Qasim Province, the environment is open marine platform where the sequence consists of shallowing-upward carbonate cycles which were deposited under subtidal-supratidal conditions. The Al Watah Formation also shows gradual transition from one environment to another along southeast-northwest direction. At Al Arid, the depositional environment is coastal marine which changes northwestwards at Al Mulayh to lagoonal shelf since the facies are mostly of fine-grained dolostones. In Al Qasim Province, deeper open marine is recognized depositing the Midhnab Shale Member in low sea level and the Khartam Limestone Member in submerged platform (subtidal zone).

  7. Deoxygenation of Palmitic Acid on Unsupported Transition-Metal Phosphides

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Peroni, Marco [Technische Universität München, Department; Lee, Insu [Technische Universität München, Department; Huang, Xiaoyang [Technische Universität München, Department; Baráth, Eszter [Technische Universität München, Department; Gutiérrez, Oliver Y. [Technische Universität München, Department; Lercher, Johannes A. [Technische Universität München, Department; Institute

    2017-08-18

    Abstract Highly active bulk transition metal phosphides (WP, MoP, and Ni2P) were synthesized for the catalytic hydrodeoxygenation of palmitic acid, hexadecanol, hexadecanal, and microalgae oil. The specific activities positively correlated with the concentration of exposed metal sites, although the relative rates changed with temperature due to activation energies varying from 57 kJ·mol-1 for MoP to 142 kJ·mol-1 for WP. The reduction of the fatty acid to the aldehyde occurs through a Langmuir-Hinshelwood mechanism, where the rate-determining step is the addition of the second H to the hydrocarbon. On WP, the conversion of palmitic acid proceeds via R-CH2COOH R-CH2CHO R-CH2CH2OH R-CHCH2 R-CH2CH3 (hydrodeoxygenation). Decarbonylation of the intermittently formed aldehyde (R-CH2COOH R-CH2CHO R-CH3) was an important pathway on MoP and Ni2P. Conversion via dehydration to a ketene, followed by its decarbonylation occurred only on Ni2P. The rates of alcohol dehydration (R-CH2CH2OH R-CHCH2) correlate with the concentration of Lewis acid sites of the phosphides. Acknowledgements The authors would like to thank Roel Prins for the critical discussion of the results. We are also grateful to Xaver Hecht for technical support. Funding by the German Federal Ministry of Food and Agriculture in the framework of the Advanced Biomass Value project (03SF0446A) is gratefully acknowledged. J.A.L. acknowledges support for his contribution by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Science, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, Division of Chemical Sciences, Geosciences & Biosciences for exploring non-oxidic supports for deoxygenation reactions.

  8. Hydrological characteristics and flood plain vegetation of human impacted wetlands: A case study from Okhla Bird Sanctuary, National Capital Region, India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Upma Manral

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Yamuna River has been subjected to severe anthropogenic pressures such as water abstraction, discharge of wastewater, development activities on river floodplains, deforestation in the river basin resulting in reduced flow, loss of habitat, deterioration of water quality and loss of biological diversity. We studied hydrological characteristics such as river flow, water depth and quality and floodplain vegetation characteristics of Okhla Bird Sanctuary (OBS, a human modified floodplain wetland formed due to the construction of Okhla barrage across the Yamuna River in National Capital Region (NCR, on the Delhi-Uttar Pradesh border. The flow data for Yamuna was collected from Delhi Jal board and irrigation department of Uttar Pradesh. Study indicates reduced flow in the river downstream Wazirabad with no release of water in the summers of 2006 and 2010. For bathymetry, GARMIN 160 C Fish Finder was used after dividing study area into 50 m x 50 m grids. About 65% area had depth less than 2 m indicating more of shallower areas. Results for water quality analysis show a dissolved oxygen level at 1.6 ± 0.84 mgl-1, Biological and Chemical Oxygen demand at 16.72 ± 4.28 mgl-1 and 39.8 ± 7.71 mgl-1 respectively, indicating a high organic load in the river. The Sanctuary is facing serious threats from the rapid proliferation of Typha angustifolia and Eichhornia crassipes which were dominant species in shallow water and open water habitats, respectively. Thus, the remaining Yamuna river flood plain in the NCR, Delhi should be declared as ecologically sensitive area and appropriate measures should be taken to maintain its integrity.

  9. Reductive deconstruction of organosolv lignin catalyzed by zeolite supported nickel nanoparticles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kasakov, Stanislav; Shi, Hui; Camaioni, Donald M.; Zhao, Chen; Barath, Eszter; Jentys, Andreas; Lercher, Johannes A.

    2015-11-01

    Mechanistic aspects of deconstruction and hydrodeoxygenation of organosolv lignin using supported Ni catalysts with (Ni/HZSM-5 and Ni/HBEA) and without Brønsted acid sites (Ni/SiO2) are reported. Lignin was deconstructed and converted to saturated cyclic hydrocarbons ranging from C5 to C14. In the one-stage reaction, full conversion with total yield of 70 ± 5 wt.% saturated hydrocarbons was achieved at 593 K and 20 bar H2. The organosolv lignin used consists of seven to eight monolignol subunits and has an average molecular weight of ca. 1200 g mol-1. The monolignols were mainly guaiacyl, syringyl and phenylcoumaran, randomly interconnected through β-O-4, 4-O-5, β-1, 5-5’ and β-β ether bonds. In situ IR spectroscopy was used to follow the changes in lignin constituents during reaction. The proposed reaction pathways for the catalytic transformation of this organosolv lignin to alkanes start with the hydrogenolysis of aryl alkyl ether bonds, followed by hydrogenation of the aromatic compounds on Ni to cyclic alcohols. Oxygen is removed from the alcohols via dehydration on Brønsted acid sites to yield cyclic alkenes that are further hydrogenated to alkanes. Formation of condensation products may occur via intermolecular recombination of aromatic monomers or alkylation of aromatic compounds by alkenes. The financial support from TUM-PNNL cooperation project “Development of new methods for in situ characterization in liquid phase reactions” (CN-177939) is highly appreciated. The work by S.K., H.S., and J.A.L was partially supported by the US Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, Division of Chemical Sciences, Geosciences, and Biosciences.

  10. Garud (Garuda (Symbol of conversion and transformation of Myths of India in Sām Nāmeh

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H Heydari

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available A study of the text of Sām Nāmeh and certain indications found in two of its side stories suggests the conversion and transformation of certain myths of India in this text, myths whose themes were probably introduced into Persian literary epic first through ma li'l-Hind of Abū Raihān Bīrūnī and then on a more extensive scale through the era of translation movements during the time of the Mughal rule in India and the early Safavid rule in Persia. Thus, probably they entered into Persian epic texts via these translations. This research shows: i the way in which these myths are cited and put into rhyme in Sām Nāmeh is different from that of Abū Raihān’s work, and ii the author of Sām Nāmeh must have been little informed about these Hindu myths, by virtue of which the lack of knowledge about these myths on the part of the audience may be inferred. Moreover, given the time of the transfer of these themes from India to Persia, one can say that the timing of the creation of this work cannot be earlier than that of the rule of Jalāl ad-Dīn Akbar in India if Sām Nāmeh happens to be the work of one single author, and otherwise, one can say that at least those sections in which figures of the Hindu myths are present must have been related to this hypothesized period.

  11. MACSIMS : multiple alignment of complete sequences information management system

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Plewniak Frédéric

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background In the post-genomic era, systems-level studies are being performed that seek to explain complex biological systems by integrating diverse resources from fields such as genomics, proteomics or transcriptomics. New information management systems are now needed for the collection, validation and analysis of the vast amount of heterogeneous data available. Multiple alignments of complete sequences provide an ideal environment for the integration of this information in the context of the protein family. Results MACSIMS is a multiple alignment-based information management program that combines the advantages of both knowledge-based and ab initio sequence analysis methods. Structural and functional information is retrieved automatically from the public databases. In the multiple alignment, homologous regions are identified and the retrieved data is evaluated and propagated from known to unknown sequences with these reliable regions. In a large-scale evaluation, the specificity of the propagated sequence features is estimated to be >99%, i.e. very few false positive predictions are made. MACSIMS is then used to characterise mutations in a test set of 100 proteins that are known to be involved in human genetic diseases. The number of sequence features associated with these proteins was increased by 60%, compared to the features available in the public databases. An XML format output file allows automatic parsing of the MACSIM results, while a graphical display using the JalView program allows manual analysis. Conclusion MACSIMS is a new information management system that incorporates detailed analyses of protein families at the structural, functional and evolutionary levels. MACSIMS thus provides a unique environment that facilitates knowledge extraction and the presentation of the most pertinent information to the biologist. A web server and the source code are available at http://bips.u-strasbg.fr/MACSIMS/.

  12. Analysis of the Seismicity Associated to the Subduction of the Rivera Plate using OBS and Onland Stations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nuñez-Cornu, F. J.; Barba, D. C., Sr.; Danobeitia, J.; Bandy, W. L.; Zamora-Camacho, A.; Marquez-Ramirez, V. H.; Ambros, M.; Gomez, A.; Sandoval, J. M.; Mortera-Gutierrez, C. A.

    2016-12-01

    The second stage of TsuJal Project includes the study of passive seismic activity in the region of the plate Rivera and Jalisco block by anchoring OBS and densifying the network of seismic stations on land for at least four months. This stage began in April 2016 with the deployment of 25 Obsidian stations with sensor Le-3D MkIII from the northern part of Nayarit state to the south of Colima state, including the Marias Islands. This temporal seismic network complements the Jalisco Seismic Network (RESAJ) for a total of 50 stations. Offshore, ten OBS type LCHEAPO 2000 with 4 channel (3 seismic short period and 1 pressure) were deployed, in the period from 19 to 30 April 2016 using the BO El Puma from UNAM. The OBS were deployed in an array from the Marias Islands to offcoast of the border of Colima and Michoacan states. On May 4, an earthquake with Ml = 4.2 took place in the contact area of the Rivera Plate, Cocos Plate and the Middle America Trench, subsequently occurred a seismic swarm with over 200 earthquakes until May 16, including an earthquake with Ml = 5.0 on May 7. A second swarm took place between May 28 and Jun 4 including an earthquake with Ml = 4.8 on Jun 1. An analysis of the quality of different location methods is presented: automatic preliminary RESAJ location using Antelope; location with revised RESAJ phases in Antelope; relocation of RESAJ data with hypo and a regional velocity model; relocation of RESAJ data with hypo adding data from the temporal seismic network stations; and finally the relocation adding the data from the OBS network. Moreover, the tectonic implications of these earthquakes are discussed.

  13. CO2 column-averaged volume mixing ratio derived over Tsukuba from measurements by commercial airlines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. Matsueda

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Column-averaged volume mixing ratios of carbon dioxide (XCO2 during the period from January 2007 to May 2008 over Tsukuba, Japan, were derived by using CO2 concentration data observed by Japan Airlines Corporation (JAL commercial airliners, based on the assumption that CO2 profiles over Tsukuba and Narita were the same. CO2 profile data for 493 flights on clear-sky days were analysed in order to calculate XCO2 with an ancillary dataset: Tsukuba observational data (by rawinsonde and a meteorological tower or global meteorological data (NCEP and CIRA-86. The amplitude of seasonal variation of XCO2 (Tsukuba observational from the Tsukuba observational data was determined by least-squares fit using a harmonic function to roughly evaluate the seasonal variation over Tsukuba. The highest and lowest values of the obtained fitted curve in 2007 for XCO2 (Tsukuba observational were 386.4 and 381.7 ppm in May and September, respectively. The dependence of XCO2 on the type of ancillary dataset was evaluated. The average difference between XCO2 (global from global climatological data and XCO2 (Tsukuba observational, i.e., the bias of XCO2 (global based on XCO2 (Tsukuba observational, was found to be -0.621 ppm with a standard deviation of 0.682 ppm. The uncertainty of XCO2 (global based on XCO2 (Tsukuba observational was estimated to be 0.922 ppm. This small uncertainty suggests that the present method of XCO2 calculation using data from airliners and global climatological data can be applied to the validation of GOSAT products for XCO2 over airports worldwide.

  14. Crítica de Libros.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Antonio Espina Barrio

    1994-01-01

    Full Text Available José NAVARRO GÓNGORA, Técnicas y Programas en Terapia Familiar, Barcelona, Paidós, 1992. José A. Espina Barrio Stefano CIRILLO y Paloma di BLASIO, Niños maltratados. Diagnóstico y Terapiafamiliar, Barcelona, Paidós, 1991. J. L. Pedreira Massa Daniel SCHOFFER, Elina WECHSLER, La metáfora milenaria. Una lectura psicoanálitica de la Biblia, Barcelona, Paidós, 1993. Manuel Espina Tamargo lean LAPLANcHE, lean-Bertrand PONTALIS, Diccionario de psicoanálisis, Barcelona, Labor, 1993, 4. a ed. Consejo de Redacción. BALLET, CAPGRAS, CLÉRAMBAULT, FALRET, LASEGUE, MAGNAN, SÉRIEUX, El delirio en la clínica francesa. Introducción, traducción y notas de José María Alvarez Martínez. Prólogo de Fernando Colina Pérez. Madrid, DORSA, 1994. Carmen Massa Hortigüela. José Luis PESET, Las heridas de la ciencia, Valladolid, Junta de Castilla y León, 1993. Eduardo Balbo Jacques DERRIDA, Spectres de Marx, París, Galilée, 1993. Mauricio Jalón Jacques DERRIDA, «Circonfesión», en G. BENNINGTON y J. DERRIDA, Jacques Derrida, Madrid, Cátedra, 1994. Fernando Colina ESTADO DE LA CUESTIÓN SOBRE COMORBILIDAD PSIQUIÁTRICA EN PACIENTES CON TRASTORNOS DE ALIMENTACIÓN. M. Graell Berna

  15. Recursos naturales en la región de los valles, Jalisco.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lilia Francisca Sánchez Moreno

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available La Región Valles se encuentra en los límites de las provincias fisiográficas IV Sierra Madre occidental y X Eje Neovolcánico correspondiendo los sistemas de topoformas predominantes a sierras, lomeríos y mesetas según la Comisión Estatal de Agua, Jalisco (CEA, Jal. Esta Región Valles se encuentra en el centro occidente del Estado y colinda con las regiones 01 Norte, 10 Sierra Occidental, 12 Centro, 06 Sur y 07 Sierra de Amula, así como con el Estado de Nayarit. Tiene una superficie de 5,851 km2 , lo cual representa 7.3 por ciento del total Estatal, lo cual ubica a Valles como una área geográfica media, con relación al resto de las regiones del Estado de Jalisco. Esta región tiene una gran riqueza en cuanto a Recursos Naturales se refiere, ya que cuenta con la recién declarada Área Estatal de Protección Hidrológica, “Sierra del Águila” el 18 de febrero del 2010, Presa de la Vega declarada sitio Ramsar en el mismo año y tiene uno de los recursos hídricos más importantes de Jalisco, Cuenca del Río Ameca. De acuerdo con la Comisión Nacional del Agua (CONAGUA, la región Valles es una superficie donde la capacidad de los mantos acuíferos permite la extracción para cualquier tipo de uso, encontrando dos zonas geohidrológicas donde se realizan extracciones, que son la de Tequila (RH12 y la de Ameca (RH14.

  16. MIMOX: a web tool for phage display based epitope mapping

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Honda Wataru

    2006-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Phage display is widely used in basic research such as the exploration of protein-protein interaction sites and networks, and applied research such as the development of new drugs, vaccines, and diagnostics. It has also become a promising method for epitope mapping. Research on new algorithms that assist and automate phage display based epitope mapping has attracted many groups. Most of the existing tools have not been implemented as an online service until now however, making it less convenient for the community to access, utilize, and evaluate them. Results We present MIMOX, a free web tool that helps to map the native epitope of an antibody based on one or more user supplied mimotopes and the antigen structure. MIMOX was coded in Perl using modules from the Bioperl project. It has two sections. In the first section, MIMOX provides a simple interface for ClustalW to align a set of mimotopes. It also provides a simple statistical method to derive the consensus sequence and embeds JalView as a Java applet to view and manage the alignment. In the second section, MIMOX can map a single mimotope or a consensus sequence of a set of mimotopes, on to the corresponding antigen structure and search for all of the clusters of residues that could represent the native epitope. NACCESS is used to evaluate the surface accessibility of the candidate clusters; and Jmol is embedded to view them interactively in their 3D context. Initial case studies show that MIMOX can reproduce mappings from existing tools such as FINDMAP and 3DEX, as well as providing novel, rational results. Conclusion A web-based tool called MIMOX has been developed for phage display based epitope mapping. As a publicly available online service in this area, it is convenient for the community to access, utilize, and evaluate, complementing other existing programs. MIMOX is freely available at http://web.kuicr.kyoto-u.ac.jp/~hjian/mimox.

  17. Impact of period and timescale of FDDA analysis nudging on the numerical simulation of tropical cyclones in the Bay of Bengal

    KAUST Repository

    Viswanadhapalli, Yesubabu

    2014-06-22

    In this study, the impact of four-dimensional data assimilation (FDDA) analysis nudging is examined on the prediction of tropical cyclones (TC) in the Bay of Bengal to determine the optimum period and timescale of nudging. Six TCs (SIDR: November 13–16, 2007; NARGIS: April 29–May 02, 2008; NISHA: November 25–28, 2008; AILA: May 23–26, 2009; LAILA: May 18–21, 2010; JAL: November 04–07, 2010) were simulated with a doubly nested Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model with a horizontal resolution of 9 km in the inner domain. In the control run for each cyclone, the National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP) Global Forecast System (GFS) analysis and forecasts at 0.5_ resolution are used for initial and boundary conditions. In the FDDA experiments available surface, upper air observations obtained from NCEP Atmospheric Data Project (ADP) data sets were used for assimilation after merging with the first guess through objective analysis procedure. Analysis nudging experiments with different nudging periods (6, 12, 18, and 24 h) indicated a period of 18 or 24 h of nudging during the pre-forecast stage provides maximum impact on simulations in terms of minimum track and intensity forecasts. To determine the optimum timescale of nudging, two cyclone cases (NARGIS: April 28–May 02, 2008; NISHA: November 25–28, 2008) were simulated varying the inverse timescales as 1.0e-4 to 5.0e-4 s−1 in steps of 1.0e-4 s−1. A positive impact of assimilation is found on the simulated characteristics with a nudging coefficient of either 3.0e-4 or 4.0e-4 s−1 which corresponds to a timescale of about 1 h for nudging dynamic (u,v) and thermodynamical (t,q) fields.

  18. Análisis del papel de los caracteres foliares de Cnidoscolus (Euphorbiaceae en la defensa contra herbívoros y patógenos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Torres-González

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Se analizó el papel de algunos caracteres foliares (área específica, grosor, densidad de tricomas, contenido hídrico y producción de látex de tres especies de Cnidoscolus (Euphorbiaceae en la defensa contra insectos herbívoros y hongos patógenos. Se examinó el daño foliar en adultos de las especies arbóreas C. spinosus y C. megacanthus y de la especie herbácea C. urens, en poblaciones localizadas en la Reserva de la Biosfera de Chamela-Cuixmala (Jal. y en la región de Huatulco-Zimatán (Oax.. También se analizó el daño en las plántulas de C. spinosus. Además se evaluaron los siguientes caracteres foliares: área específica, grosor, densidad de tricomas en el haz y en el envés, contenidos hídrico y de látex. En las tres especies el daño foliar causado por herbívoros forrajeros fue mayor que el causado por patógenos. La especie en la que se registró menor daño foliar fue C. spinosus, aunque el nivel de daño en plántulas fue mayor que en los adultos. Las especies arbóreas presentaron mayores niveles de daño por forrajeros que la herbácea. Sólo en las plántulas de C. spinosus se encontró que a mayor grosor foliar hubo más daño por herbívoros. Los resultados sugieren que los caracteres foliares evaluados son poco importantes en la defensa de las especies estudiadas.

  19. Crustal Architecture at the Collision Zone Between Rivera and North American Plates at the Jalisco Block: Tsujal Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dañobeitia, Juanjo; Bartolomé, Rafael; Prada, Manel; Nuñez-Cornú, Francisco; Córdoba, Diego; Bandy, William L.; Estrada, F.; Cameselle, Alejandra L.; Nuñez, Diana; Castellón, Arturo; Alonso, José Luis; Mortera, Carlos; Ortiz, Modesto

    2016-10-01

    Processing and analysis of new multichannel seismic records, coincident with wide-angle seismic profiles, acquired in the framework of the TsuJal project allow us to investigate in detail the complex structure of the oceanic domain in the collision zone between Rivera Plate and Block Jalisco at its northern termination. The subducting Rivera Plate, which is overridden by the North American Plate-Jalisco Block, is clearly identified up to 21.5°N (just south of Maria Magdalena Island) as a two clear reflections that we interpret as the interplate and Moho discontinuities. North of the Tres Marias Islands the seismic images display a different tectonic scenario with structures that are consistent with large faulting and rifted margin. A two-dimensional velocity approach for the crustal geometry is achieved using joint refraction/reflection travel time tomography, the uncertainty of the results is assessed by means of Monte Carlo analysis. Our results show an average oceanic crustal thickness of 6-7 km with a moderate increase towards the Jalisco Block, an anomalous thick layers (~3.0 km) displaying a relatively low velocity (~5.5 km/s) underneath Maria Magdalena Rise, and an estimated Moho depth deeper than 15 km in the collision zone between Rivera Plate and Jalisco Block. We have also determined an anomalous crust on the western flank of the Tres Marias Islands, which may be related to the initial phases of continental breakup of the Baja California Peninsula and Mexico mainland. High-resolution bathymetry provides remarkable images of intensive slope instabilities marked by relatively large slides scars of more than 40 km2 extent, and mass-wasting deposits probably triggered by the intense seismicity in the area.

  20. Comparation of Organic and Elemental carbon concentrations in PM2.5 in five Mexican cities: Potencial Sources

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herrera Murillo, J.; Cardenas, B.; Campos-Ramos, A.; Blanco-Jimenez, S.; Angeles-Garcia, F.

    2011-12-01

    During 2006-2010 the National Center for Environmental Research and Training of the National Institute of Ecology of Mexico, carried out several short field studies in the cities of Salamanca, Gto, Tula, Hgo; Guadalajara, Jal; Toluca, Edo Mex; and Tijuana, BC to determine concentration and chemical compositions of PM2.5. These cities, although different in size population have all important industrial and area sources that contribute to high PM2.5 concentrations and therefore potential health impacts. Chemical analyses included organic and elemental carbon for which DRI Model 2001 Thermal/Optical Carbon Analyzer (Atmoslytic Inc, Calabasas, CA, USA) was used. Highest PM2.5 mass mean concentrations were obtained in Salamanca (46 μg/m3), followed by Toluca (43 μg/m3), Guadalajara (37 μg/m3), Tula (20 μg/m3) and Tijuana (18 μg/m3). For Salamanca and Tula, annual levels exceeded the Mexican PM2.5 annual standard of 15 μg/m3. Total carbonaceous aerosol accounted for 41.4%, 41.1%, 32.3%, 29.5% and 29.1% of PM2.5 mass in Tula, Toluca, Guadalajara, Salamanca and Tijuana, respectively. Higher OC2, OC3 and OC4 carbon fractions were observed in Guadalajara, Tijuana and Toluca, indicating an important contribution of gasoline and diesel vehicles emissions in these cities. As for Tula and Salamanca, cities in which refineries and power plants are present, OC3, OC4, EC1 and EC2 represent the higher fractions which could be attributed to stationary sources that use heavy fuels for their combustion process. UNMIX and PMF analyses were used in order to identify the most important sources that contributes to OC and EC concentrations.

  1. Efficacy of moxifloxacin & econazole against multidrug resistant (MDR Mycobacterium tuberculosis in murine model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    U D Gupta

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background & objectives: Studies have shown the bactericidal potential of econazole and clotrimazole against Mycobacterium tuberculosis under in vitro and ex vivo conditions along with their synergism with conventional antituberculosis drugs. These molecules were also found to be effective against different multidrug resistant (MDR M. tuberculosis isolates in vitro. Hence the present study was designed to evaluate the in vivo antimycobacterial potential of moxifloxacin and econazole alone and in combination against multidrug resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB in a mice model. Methods: Mice were infected with 2.5×10 [7] bacilli of MDR strain of M. tuberculosis by aerosol route of infection. After four weeks of infection, chemotherapy was started orally by moxifloxacin 8.0 mg/kg body wt and econazole 3.3 mg/kg alone and in combination, as well as with four first line anti-tuberculosis drugs as a positive control. The animals were sacrificed and the lungs and spleen were excised under aspetic conditions. The tissues were homogenized with sterile normal saline, an aliquot of the homogenate was plated on Middlebrook 7H11 agar supplemented with oleate albumin dextrose catalase (OADC and incubated at 37°C for four weeks. The number of visible and individual colonies were counted. Results: The first line anti-tuberculosis drugs (RIF+INH+EMB+PZA after eight weeks of therapy had no impact as the bacillary load in lungs and spleens remained unchanged. However, econazole, moxifloxacin alone as well as in combination significantly reduced the bacillary load in lungs as well as in spleens of MDR-TB bacilli infected mice. Interpretation & conclusions: Co-administration of the two drugs (econazole and moxifloxacin to MDR-TB strain JAL-7782 infected mice exhibited additive effect, the efficacy of the drugs in combination being higher as compared with ECZ or MOX alone. These results were substantiated by histopathological studies. This study suggests the utility of

  2. Frontón Euskal Jai Berri Huarte-Pamplona España

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guibert Tabar, Javier

    1979-06-01

    Full Text Available The Euskal Jai Berri sports pavilion in Huarte substitutes for the old Pamplona «pelota» court, and is located a few kilometers outside the city in ample grounds providing sufficient room for the building and car park area. The vast complex design plan includes from the regulationsized court, through the grandstand and boxes for the audience, to a number of facilities and services for payers, audience and staff, such as locker rooms, payers lounge, press room and book-makers hall, administration office, manager's living quarters, players lodging, a bar on each floor, cafeteria and restaurant with kitchen and a number of rest rooms. The building was designed based on three main points, namely: natural lighting, modular structure and clear visibility from all angles. Emphasis was placed on integration of the building into the surrounding landscape in an effort to avoid the contrast between the inevitable prismatic shape of the court and the rounded contour of the hails surrounding it.

    El pabellón deportivo de Euskal Jal Berrl, en Huarte, destinado a sustituir al antiguo frontón de Pamplona, se encuentra emplazado a pocos kilómetros de esta ciudad, en unos amplios terrenos que proporcionan suficiente espacio para la edificación y para una extensa zona de aparcamientos. Su complejo y vasto programa abarca desde la concha reglamentaria y las gradas y palcos para espectadores, fiesta una variada serie de instalaciones y servicios para jugadores, público y personal, tales como: vestuarios, salas para pelotaris, corredores y prensa; oficinas administrativas; vivienda para el gerente; residencias para jugadores; bares en cada planta; cafetería y restaurante con cocina; así como los correspondientes aseos. En su diseño, fundamentado en tres puntos principales —iluminación natural, modulación estructural y perfecta visibilidad—, se tuvo especial cuidado en armonizar la construcción con el paisaje circundante, con el fin de

  3. Anharmonicity and Confinement in Zeolites: Structure, Spectroscopy and Adsorption Free Energy of Ethanol in H-ZSM-5

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Alexopoulos, Konstantinos; Lee, Mal Soon; Liu, Yue; Zhi, Yuchun; Liu, Yuanshuai; Reyniers, Marie-Francoise; Marin, Guy B.; Glezakou, Vassiliki Alexandra; Rousseau, Roger J.; Lercher, Johannes A.

    2016-04-07

    To account for thermal and entropic effects caused by the dynamics of the motion of the reaction intermediates, ethanol adsorption on the Brønsted acid site of the H-ZSM-5 catalyst has been studied at different temperatures and ethanol loadings using ab initio molecular dynamics (AIMD) simulations, infrared (IR) spectroscopy and calorimetric measurements. At low temperatures (T ≤ 400 K) and ethanol loading, a single ethanol molecule adsorbed in H-ZSM-5 forms a Zundel-like structure where the proton is equally shared between the oxygen of the zeolite and the oxygen of the alcohol. At higher ethanol loading, a second ethanol molecule helps to stabilize the protonated ethanol at all temperatures by acting as a solvating agent. The vibrational density of states (VDOS), as calculated from the AIMD simulations, are in excellent agreement with measured IR spectra for C2H5OH, C2H5OD and C2D5OH isotopomers and support the existence of both monomers and dimers. A quasi-harmonic approximation (QHA), applied to the VDOS obtained from the AIMD simulations, provides estimates of adsorption free energy within ~10 kJ/mol of the experimentally determined quantities, whereas the traditional approach, employing harmonic frequencies from a single ground state minimum, strongly overestimates the adsorption free energy by at least ~30 kJ/mol. This discrepancy is traced back to the inability of the harmonic approximation to represent the contributions to the vibrational motions of the ethanol molecule upon confinement in the zeolite. KA, MFR, GBM were supported by the Long Term Structural Methusalem Funding by the Flemish Government – grant number BOF09/01M00409. MSL, VAG, RR and JAL were supported by the US Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, Division of Chemical Sciences, Geosciences & Biosciences. PNNL is a multiprogram national laboratory operated for DOE by Battelle. Computational resources were provided at W. R. Wiley Environmental

  4. Resistance exercise-induced microinjuries do not depend on 1or 3 minutes rest time interval between series. (Las microlesiones inducidas por el entrenamiento con cargas no dependen de los intervalos de descanso entre series de 1 o 3 minutos.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael Pereira

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available AbstractIn order to examine the effects of different rest intervals between sets on the muscle fiber integrity, 14 male subjects volunteered to participate in randomized crossover design methodology. All subjects completed 2 experimental training sessions. Both sessions consisted of 3 sets of 10 repetitions with 10 repetition maximum resistance bench press, cable pulldowns, military press, biceps curl, triceps curl, leg press, leg extension, and lying leg curls. The 2 experimental sessions differed only in the length of the rest period between sets and exercises: 1 session with a 1-minute and the other with a 3-minute rest period. the mechanical stress caused by the proposed training session cause similar damage in the muscle fibers do not depend of the 1 or 3 minutes of rest interval between series. ResumenEl propósito de ese estudio fue comparar los efectos de 2 diferentes períodos de descanso durante una sesión de entrenamiento con cargas en la integridad de la fibra muscular. Participaron de forma voluntaria 14 hombres en un estudio con diseño cruzado aleatorio. Todos los sujetos realizaron 2 sesiones de entrenamiento con cargas. Durante cada sesión, los sujetos completaban 3 series de 10 repeticiones máximas de press de banca, jalón en polea alta para dorsal, press militar, curl de bíceps con barra, extensión de tríceps trasnuca con mancuerna, prensa de piernas en máquina, extensión de rodillas en máquina, y flexión de rodillas en máquina. Las 2 sesiones experimentales diferían sólo en la longitud del período de descanso entre las series y los ejercicios: una sesión con 1 minuto y la otra con 3 minutos en los períodos de descanso. La tensión mecánica causada por las sesiones puede causar daños similares en las fibras musculares y no dependen de hacer 1 o 3 minutos de intervalo de descanso entre las series.

  5. Mejoras en el canal de Panamá

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brandl, Charles McG.

    1963-07-01

    Full Text Available The Panama Canal, together with the Suez Canal, is an engineering accomplishment which is now regarded as a master work marking the initiation of modern civil engineering. Other projects, also of great magnitude, do not seem to maintain the reputation of the above two, because they cannot continue to serve their function with sustained usefulness in the new circumstances of today. The Panama Canal, with its limited dock capacity, and the narrow, so called Serpent, canal, has had to cope with a continuously increasing volume of shipping traffic; a natural consequence of commercial evolution. In order to keep up with these increasing demands, it has been necessary to carry out an almost uninterrupted series of modifications and improvements, affecting both the method of operation and organisation, and the actual nature of the canal. Thanks to these alterations the Panama Canal has continued to maintain, at least nominally, an adequate standard of functional efficiency. At present the canal is being widened over certain sections to enable the easy passage of ships of great displacement. The work is being done very rapidly, and in order to gain time, it has been distributed to various contractors simultaneously.El canal a través del ismo de Panamá es una obra de ingeniería civil que, junto con el de Suez, empiezan ya a clasificarse como obras maestras que señalan el primer jalón del desarrollo de la ingeniería moderna. Otras obras, también importantes, no conservan, sin embargo, la misma reputación que aquéllas, por no seguir un paralelismo con las exigencias en cada época. El canal de Panamá, con sus exclusas, y angosto paso llamado de la. Culebra, ha tenido que afrontar un tráfico creciente de navíos que siguen la evolución del tiempo. Para conseguir este paralelismo, tanto el material de explotación como la organización, dragados y mejoras, han tenido que conocer una sucesión ininterrumpida de modificaciones que han permitido

  6. EFECTO DE UN PROGRAMA DE EJERCICIOS CON PESAS EN EL PORCENTAJE DE GRASA Y LA FUERZA EN MUJERES MAYORES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Magally Márquez Barquero

    2001-12-01

    Full Text Available El propósito del estudio fue determinar los efectos crónicos del entrenamiento con pesas sobre el porcentaje de grasa y la fuerza. Los participantes, de sexo femenino, entrenadas (n=10, edad 54.6 ± 4.19 años, un peso inicial promedio de 66.08 ± 12.50 Kg y una talla promedio de 1.585 ±0.0754 m., fueron divididos aleatoriamente en dos grupos: 50% de 5RM (n=5, 80% de 5 RM (n=5 y un pre test de registro de línea base. Las variables medidas fueron fuerza y porcentaje de grasa. Ambos grupos realizaron dos sesiones por semana durante doce semanas. Los ejercicios para ambos grupos fueron press de banca horizontal, extensión de rodilla, flexión de rodilla y jalón de polea frontal. El volumen de ejercicio total por sesión fue de 2550 unidades para el grupo que trabajo al 50 % (3 series x 17 rep. X 50% y 2560 para el que trabajo al 80% (4 series x 8 repeticiones x 80%. La fuerza se midió con el Test de 5 RM y el porcentaje de grasa fue estimado con la técnica de toma de siete pliegues cutáneos con el calibrador manual de piel marca Lange y subsecuentemente estimado usando la ecuación Leger y Cloutier para mujeres mayores de 50 años. Resultados: Para las pruebas de fuerza, press de banca, flexión de rodilla y extensión de rodilla hubo mejora significativa, tanto para el grupo que se ejercitó al 50 % como al 80 % de intensidad (p<0.05. Mientras que para la prueba halón de polea al frente el cambio entre mediciones (p<0.05, siendo mayor para el grupo que se ejercitó al 80 % de intensidad. En cuanto al porcentaje de grasa, disminuyó (p<0.05 similarmente a ambas intensidades de ejercicio. En conclusión, a intensidades del 50% como del 80% de 5RM, disminuye el porcentaje de grasa y aumenta la fuerza, en mujeres con una edad comprendida entre los 50 y 59 anos quienes realizaron una misma carga total de ejercicio con pesas. Los hallazgos sugieren que el entrenamiento con pesas a cargas altas, beneficia a los grandes grupos musculares.

  7. A Survey of Pen name semantic Applications in Rumis Sonnets (Ghazals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zohre AhmadiPoor anari

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract The pen name in sonnet is the poet’s poetic name which most of the poets mention it in their verses. Jalāl ad-Dīn Muhammad Balkhī also known as Jalāl ad-Dīn Rumi lived in 13th-century was a Persian Moslem poet, theologian, and Sufi mystic. He has written more than 3229 sonnets and dedicated to Shams Tabrizi. Thus mentioned, names such “Shams”, “Shams od-Din” and “Shams al-Haq” in the ending lines of his sonnets.    One of the points which could be studied about pen name is study of theme or concepts which are mentioned alongside that. Entirely it has been said that the same theme which comes with the pen name “Shams” in 992 sonnets. In this study, we pay attention to mentioning the poets desired name which is not necessarily the pen name in Rumis’ sonnets, what theme does it carry and what is relationship of it with the previous lines?    Themes which the poets apply in their sonnets beside pen name is mostly what that has been mentioned in the previous lines. However, in times the concept mentioned along side with the pen name is independent from the sonnet concepts, mostly eulogy. Studying Hafiz and Saadi sonnets shows that the most important themes existing are: love declaration, advice, eulogizing and sometimes a mischievous concept.    Rumis’ sonnets are lover-based. Therefore, there is much talk of the lover in the whole sonnet. But in other poet’s sonnets, the lover (the poet is the main theme is the sonnet. The poet may find a way to praise his own poem or stays in his dreamy world and focuses on the romantic feelings. Considering the fact that unlike other poets Rumi has not mentioned his own pen name but his lover “Shams”, the study focuses on the themes which are mentioned by the pen name “Shams” as the following: 1-Eulogy: One third of the Shams pen names are eulogies. The sufist approach has given the lines a special color. The similes and metaphors used for him are heavenly and

  8. A Survey of Pen name semantic Applications in Rumis Sonnets (Ghazals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zohre AhmadiPoor anari

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract The pen name in sonnet is the poet’s poetic name which most of the poets mention it in their verses. Jalāl ad-Dīn Muhammad Balkhī also known as Jalāl ad-Dīn Rumi lived in 13th-century was a Persian Moslem poet, theologian, and Sufi mystic. He has written more than 3229 sonnets and dedicated to Shams Tabrizi. Thus mentioned, names such “Shams”, “Shams od-Din” and “Shams al-Haq” in the ending lines of his sonnets.    One of the points which could be studied about pen name is study of theme or concepts which are mentioned alongside that. Entirely it has been said that the same theme which comes with the pen name “Shams” in 992 sonnets. In this study, we pay attention to mentioning the poets desired name which is not necessarily the pen name in Rumis’ sonnets, what theme does it carry and what is relationship of it with the previous lines?    Themes which the poets apply in their sonnets beside pen name is mostly what that has been mentioned in the previous lines. However, in times the concept mentioned along side with the pen name is independent from the sonnet concepts, mostly eulogy. Studying Hafiz and Saadi sonnets shows that the most important themes existing are: love declaration, advice, eulogizing and sometimes a mischievous concept.    Rumis’ sonnets are lover-based. Therefore, there is much talk of the lover in the whole sonnet. But in other poet’s sonnets, the lover (the poet is the main theme is the sonnet. The poet may find a way to praise his own poem or stays in his dreamy world and focuses on the romantic feelings. Considering the fact that unlike other poets Rumi has not mentioned his own pen name but his lover “Shams”, the study focuses on the themes which are mentioned by the pen name “Shams” as the following: 1-Eulogy: One third of the Shams pen names are eulogies. The sufist approach has given the lines a

  9. Some deep caves in Biokovo Mountain (Croatia)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garasic, Mladen; Garasic, Davor

    2014-05-01

    The investigation of 3 caves explored more than 1000 meters in depth in the Dinaric karst area in Croatia, has been in progress for a considerable period of time. These are complex speleological features situated in the longest mountain range of the Dinaric karst, i.e. at the Northern Velebit mountain range. In fact, these caves have been studied for over two decades now. The first one is a cave system of Lukina jama (Luke's Cave) - Trojama cave, which has been investigated until the depth of 1421 meters (Jalžić, 2007; Šmida, 1993). Its total length is 3731 meters and a new expedition will soon continue to investigate this pit through speleodiving in siphons. The second greatest cave by depth is Slovačka jama (Slovak Cave), 1320 meters in depth, with cave chanals measuring 5677 meters in total length. The third greatest cave by depth is the Cave system of Velebita, reaching down to 1026 m in depth, with the chanal length of 3176 meters (Bakšić, 2006a; 2006b). However, another 3 speleological sites, which can rightly be added to those deeper than 1000 m, have recently been discovered. These are three caverns that were discovered during construction of the Sveti Ilija Tunnel that passes through Mt. Biokovo, in the Dinaric karst area. These caverns undoubtedly point to the link with the ground surface, while the rock overburden above the tunnel in the zone where the caverns were discovered ranges from 1250 and 1350 meters. Bats from the ground surface were found in the caverns and, according to measurements, they are situated in the depth from 200 and 300 meters below the tunnel level. This would mean that the depth of these newly found caves ranges from 1450 and 1650 m, when observed from the ground surface. There are several hundreds of known caves in Biokovo, and the deepest ones discovered so far are Jama Mokre noge (Wet Feet Cave) 831 m in depth, and Jama Amfora (Amphora Cave) 788 m in depth (Bockovac, 1999; Bakšić & all, 2002; Lacković & all, 2001