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Sample records for roux-en-y anastomosis patients

  1. Management of super-super obese patients: comparison between one anastomosis (mini) gastric bypass and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass.

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    Parmar, Chetan; Abdelhalim, Mohamed A; Mahawar, Kamal K; Boyle, Maureen; Carr, William R J; Jennings, Neil; Small, Peter K

    2017-09-01

    Gastric bypass can be technically challenging in super-super obese patients. Both Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and one anastomosis (mini) gastric bypass (OAGB/MGB) have been described in these patients, but direct comparisons are lacking. The purpose of this study was to compare the early outcomes with these two procedures in patients with body mass index (BMI) of ≥60 kg/m2 in our unit. We identified all super-super obese patients who underwent either OAGB/MGB or RYGB from our prospectively maintained database. Information was also obtained from the case notes and from hospital computerized records. We obtained data regarding patient demographics, operative details, complications, and weight loss, in both groups, and compared them using standard statistical methods. This study compares our results with 19 OAGB/MGB and 47 RYGB super-super obese patients performed in our unit between October 2012 and June 2015. OAGB/MGB group patients had a significantly higher weight and body mass index. There was no mortality or major complication in either group. There were two late complications in the OAGB/MGB group compared to six in the RYGB group. One patient in the OAGB/MGB group needed conversion to RYGB for persistent reflux symptoms. OAGB/MGB patients achieved a significantly higher EWL of 70.4% at 2 years compared to 57.1% in the RYGB group. The difference between TWL of 44.4 and 33.4%, respectively, was also significant at 2 years. TWL of 43.0 and 29.3%, respectively, in OAGB/MGB and RYGB groups at 18 months was also significantly different, but the difference in EWL at 18 months did not reach significance. One anastomosis (mini) gastric bypass yields superior weight loss at 18 and 24 months in comparison with Roux-en-Y gastric bypass in patients with BMI of ≥60 kg/m2. Findings need confirmation in larger randomized studies.

  2. Isolated Roux-en-Y anastomosis of the pancreatic stump in a duct-to-mucosa fashion in patients with distal pancreatectomy with en-bloc celiac axis resection.

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    Okada, Ken-Ichi; Kawai, Manabu; Tani, Masaji; Hirono, Seiko; Miyazawa, Motoki; Shimizu, Atsushi; Kitahata, Yuji; Yamaue, Hiroki

    2014-03-01

    A pancreatic fistula is one of the most serious complications in distal pancreatectomy with en bloc celiac axis resection (DP-CAR), because the pancreatic transection is performed on the right side of the portal vein, which results in a large cross-section surface, and because post-pancreatectomy hemorrhage is hard to treat by interventional radiology. Therefore, a procedure to decrease the incidence of postoperative pancreatic fistula is urgently needed. Twenty-six consecutive patients who underwent DP-CAR between April 2008 and August 2012 were reviewed retrospectively. The first 13 consecutive patients underwent DP-CAR with no anastomosis, and the subsequent 13 consecutive patients were treated with Roux-en-Y pancreaticojejunostomy (PJ) in a duct-to-mucosa fashion. Extremely high amylase levels (>4000 IU/l) of all drainage fluid specimens on postoperative day (POD) 1, 3 and 4 were detected more frequently in cases with no anastomosis (n = 7) compared to those with PJ (n = 1) (P = 0.056). The incidence of grade B/C pancreatic fistulas was 15.4% in cases with isolated Roux-en-Y anastomosis of the pancreatic stump performed in a duct-to-mucosa fashion, and we are currently examining whether this anastomosis method reduces the pancreatic fistula rate in a multicenter, randomized controlled trial for distal pancreatectomy patients (ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01384617). © 2013 Japanese Society of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery.

  3. Laparoscopic Conversion of One Anastomosis Gastric Bypass to a Standard Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass.

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    Amor, Imed Ben; Petrucciani, Niccolo; Kassir, Radwan; Al Munifi, Abdullah; Piche, Thierry; Debs, Tarek; Gugenheim, Jean

    2017-05-01

    One anastomosis gastric bypass (OAGB) demonstrated results similar to traditional Roux-en-Y procedures [1-3], in terms of weight loss and resolution of obesity-related comorbidities. The main controversy regarding OAGB is the concern for an association between biliary alkaline gastritis and esophageal or gastric cancer raised by some studies [4]. We present the case of a 51-year-old woman with a BMI of 41 kg/m2 who underwent a laparoscopic OAGB in 2014. One year later, she consulted for recurrent heartburns. An upper GI endoscopy showed pouchitis and bile reflux in the esophagus. Medical treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease was ineffective. We decided to convert the OAGB to a Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). In this video, we show how to revise an OAGB to treat chronic bile reflux, by converting the procedure to a standard RYGB. The intervention starts by restoring the normal anatomy of the small bowel, with the resection of the gastrojejunal anastomosis, which was located at 250-cm du Treitz's ligament. Then, the gastric pouch is created. A standard Roux-en-Y gastric bypass is performed. The resection of the gastrojejunal anastomosis allows fashioning the Roux-en-Y limb with the classical measures. This technique allows a conversion to a standard RYGB and is effective in treating the biliary reflux.

  4. Peroral endoscopic anastomotic reduction improves intractable dumping syndrome in Roux-en-Y gastric bypass patients.

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    Fernández-Esparrach, Gloria; Lautz, David B; Thompson, Christopher C

    2010-01-01

    Dumping syndrome is a well-described consequence of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. Although the condition can benefit some patients with morbid obesity, a subset will develop intractable dumping syndrome characterized by symptomatic episodes with most meals. We describe the first series of patients successfully treated endoscopically for intractable dumping syndrome. Endoscopic gastrojejunal anastomotic reduction was performed in patients with intractable dumping syndrome after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass using a combination of argon plasma coagulation, endoscopic suturing, and fibrin glue. The technical feasibility of endoscopic anastomotic reduction and the clinical improvement in dumping symptoms were assessed by clinical follow-up. Endoscopic anastomotic reduction was technically successful in 6 consecutive patients with a dilated gastrojejunal anastomosis and intractable dumping syndrome. One patient reported hematemesis 2 days after the procedure that was treated endoscopically. No other significant complications occurred. Complete and persistent resolution of the dumping symptoms was achieved in all patients, with a median follow-up of 636 days. Endoscopic anastomotic reduction appears technically feasible and safe and might be a minimally invasive treatment option for patients who experience intractable dumping symptoms after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. Additional studies are needed to determine the long-term efficacy of this procedure. 2010 American Society for Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  5. Gastrojejunal Anastomosis Complications and Their Management after Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass

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    Yannick Fringeli

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Complications at the gastrojejunal anastomosis after laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB are challenging in terms of diagnosis, therapy, and prevention. This study aims at identifying these complications and discussing their management. Methods. Data of 228 patients who underwent a LRYGB between October 2008 and December 2011 were reviewed retrospectively to evaluate the frequency and treatment of complications such as stenoses, marginal ulcers, perforated marginal ulcers, or anastomotic leaks related to the operation. Results. Follow-up information was available for 209 patients (91.7% with a median follow-up of 38 months (range 24–62 months. Of these patients 16 patients (7.7% experienced complications at the gastrojejunostomy. Four patients (1.9% had stenoses and 12 patients (5.7% marginal ulcers, one of them with perforation (0.5%. No anastomotic leaks were reported. One case with perforated ulcer and one with recurrent ulcers required surgical revision. Conclusion. Gastrojejunal anastomotic complications are frequent and occur within the first few days or up to several years after surgery. Stenoses or marginal ulcers are usually successfully treated nonoperatively. Laparoscopic repair, meanwhile, is an appropriate therapeutic option for perforated ulcers.

  6. A new endoscopic therapeutic method for acute obstructive suppurative cholangitis post Roux-en-Y anastomosis: endoscopic retrograde cholangiography through jejunostomy

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    Zhuo YANG

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available  Objective  To probe the value of endoscopic retrograde cholangiography (ERC through jejunostomy in patients in whom ERC could not be performed via the mouth after Roux-en-Y anastomosis on the upper gastrointestinal tract. Methods  In two patients suffering from acute obstructive suppurative cholangitis after a radical operation for cholangiocarcinoma, ERC could not be performed through the mouth due to the presence of a long non-functional jejunal loop. A jejunostomy was first done in the afferent loop of the jejunum, and a gastroscope was then inserted via the jejunostomy and passed retrogradely, to find the stoma of the cholangiointestinal anastomosis. ERC was then successfully performed, and followed by endoscopic retrograde biliary drainage (ERBD. Results  The operation was successful. It was found that cholangio-jejunostomy stoma was narrow, and a large amount of purulent mucus was present in the enlarged intrahepatic duct. ERC was done to enlarge the stoma, and a stent was placed into the main branch of the intrahepatic duct. Two patients achieved surgical success and smooth recovery after the operation. Conclusion  ERC through a jejunostomy in the patients who had Roux-en-Y cholangiojejunostomy following radical resection for cholangiocarcinoma, is a safe and effective surgical procedure.

  7. CONTROL OF HYPERTENSION AFTER ROUX-EN-Y GASTRIC BYPASS AMONG OBESE DIABETIC PATIENTS

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    Everton CAZZO

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Context Hypertension is a common disorder in general practice and has a widely known association with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Low adhesion to clinical treatment may lead to poor results. Obesity surgery can bring early and relevant resolution rates of both morbidities. Objective To describe hypertension evolution after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Method Descriptive observational study designed as a historical cohort of 90 subjects with hypertension and diabetes who underwent Roux-en-Y gastric bypass and were evaluated before and after surgery. Results It was observed a hypertension resolution rate of 85.6% along with markedly decrease in anti-hypertensive usage. Mean resolution time was 3.2 months. Resolution was associated with homeostasis model assessment – insulin resistance, preoperative fasting insulin, anti-hypertensive usage, hypertension time, body mass index and percentage of weight loss. Resolution of hypertension was not statistically associated with diabetes remission within this sample. Conclusion Roux-en-Y gastric bypass was a safe and effective therapeutic tool to achieve hypertension resolution in patients who also had diabetes mellitus.

  8. [Analysis of the dumping syndrome on morbid obese patients submitted to Roux en Y gastric bypass].

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    Loss, Angelo Bustani; de Souza, Antônio Augusto Peixoto; Pitombo, Cid Araújo; Milcent, Marcel; Madureira, Fernando Athaíde Veloso

    2009-10-01

    The objective of this research was to determine the real prevalence and characteristics of dumping syndrome in a series of cases submitted to laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass for morbid obesity. We assessed dumping symptoms in 34 patients who had undergone that procedure; they filled a questionnaire, which included the dumping clinical diagnosis score proposed by Sigstad. regarding patients' complaints, dumping prevalence was 44%. This number increased to 76% when applying the Sigstad's score. The most frequent symptoms were 'need for lying down' (88%), fatigue (69%) and sleepiness (69%). Only 28% of the dumpers felt incapable of performing everyday activities. There was no difference in weight loss percentage between dumpers and non-dumpers. The Sigstad score is an usefull tool for the diagnostic of dumping, but a critic vision must be adopted when using in patients submitted to the Roux en Y gastric bypass. The dumping syndrome was frequent in this group, although usually under-diagnosed; it neither hampers patients' everyday activities considerably, nor helps in the weight-loosing process.

  9. Emergency laparoscopic conversion from mini/one anastomosis gastric bypass to modified Roux-en-Y-gastric bypass due to acute bleeding from a recurrent marginal ulcer.

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    Godina, Mario; Nagliati, Carlo; Menegon, Paola; Caruso, Valentina

    2017-09-01

    Our aim is to present the laparoscopic technique of an emergency revisional procedure performed to convert a mini/one anastomosis gastric bypass (MGB/OAGB) to a modified Roux-en-Y-gastric-bypass (RYGB) due to recurrent bleeding from a marginal ulcer. A 43 year old woman presented unstable conditions due to acute bleeding from a marginal ulcer after a MGB/OAGB performed 3 years before. After three failed endoscopic haemostasis attempts, she underwent a laparoscopic conversion to a modified RYGB in emergency setting. The patient had an uneventful recovery. She maintained heamodynamical stability after the procedure. She was eventually discharged in the seventh postoperative day after restarting oral feeding on chronic proton pump inhibitors. To our knowledge, there are few descriptions of emergency surgical conversion from a MGB/OAGB to a modified laparoscopic RYGB due to a recurrent marginal ulcer bleeding not responsive to endoscopic treatment. A regular post-operative follow-up is mandatory after bariatric surgery. We advocate performing revisional surgery in an experienced Bariatric Center.

  10. A Patient-Centered Electronic Tool for Weight Loss Outcomes after Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass

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    Craig Wood, G.; Peter Benotti; Gerhard, Glenn S.; Elaina K. Miller; Yushan Zhang; Richard J. Zaccone; Argyropoulos, George A.; Petrick, Anthony T; Still, Christopher D.

    2014-01-01

    Background. Current patient education and informed consent regarding weight loss expectations for bariatric surgery candidates are largely based on averages from large patient cohorts. The variation in weight loss outcomes illustrates the need for establishing more realistic weight loss goals for individual patients. This study was designed to develop a simple web-based tool which provides patient-specific weight loss expectations. Methods. Postoperative weight measurements after Roux-en-Y ga...

  11. Bidirectional Jejunojejunal Anastomosis Prevents Early Small Bowel Obstruction Due to the Kinking After Closure of the Mesenteric Defect in the Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass.

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    Munier, Pierre; Alratrout, Hefzi; Siciliano, Iole; Keller, Philippe

    2018-01-11

    The closure of the mesenteric defects (CMD) in Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) reduces the risk of small bowel obstruction (SBO) due to internal hernia but might be associated with an increased risk of early SBO triggered by the jejunojejunal anastomosis (JJS) kinking. The aim of this study was to assess how enlarging the JJS with a bidirectional linear stapling can aid in avoiding the risk of early SBO by kinking. This retrospective cohort study concerns 1327 patients who underwent RYGB with CMD between May 2007 and August 2016. The first 626 patients (group A) had a unidirectional JJS. The following 701 patients (group B) had a bidirectional side-to-side JJS and a hand-sewn closure of the remaining defect. We compared early SBO between the two groups. Eleven (1.75%) early SBO due to the JJS kinking occurred in group A, whereas none occurred in group B (p = 0.0012). Thirty-nine early postoperative complications happened in group A versus 32 in group B (p = 0.17). Nine (1.2%) digestive bleedings occurred in group B versus two (0.3%) in group A (OR = 4.05 [0.87-18], p = 0.054). Average operating time was 81 min [37-330] in group A and 77 min [33-240] in group B. Enlarging the JJS with a bidirectional linear stapling is associated with a reduced risk of early SBO due to the anastomosis kinking. However, it could be related to an increased risk of digestive bleedings.

  12. Does Roux-en-Y gastrectomy for gastric cancer influence glucose homeostasis in lean patients?

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    Hayashi, Silvia Y; Faintuch, Joel; Yagi, Osmar K; Yamaguchi, Camila M; Faintuch, Jacob J; Cecconello, Ivan

    2013-08-01

    Cancer gastrectomy seems to benefit type 2 diabetes; however, results are conflicting. In a prospective protocol, including retrospective information, the aim was assessment of changes in glucose profile in patients with both normal and deranged preoperative glucose homeostasis. Patients (N = 164) with curative subtotal or total Roux-en-Y gastrectomy for gastric cancer (n = 92), or Roux-en-Y gastric bypass for morbid obesity (RYGB, n = 72) were preoperatively classified into diabetes (including prediabetes) and control group. Postoperative diabetes outcome was stratified as responsive or refractory, and results in controls were correspondingly defined as stable or new-onset diabetes (NOD), according to fasting blood glucose and HbA1c. Dietary intake and biochemical profile was documented. Statistical methods included analysis of variance, multivariate logistic regression, and propensity score matching according to postoperative weight loss. Age of cancer cases was 67.9 ± 11.5 years, 56.5 % males, initial body mass index (BMI) 24.7 ± 3.7, current BMI 22.6 ± 3.8 kg/m(2), and follow-up 102.1 ± 51.0 months, whereas in bariatric individuals age was 51.4 ± 10.1 years, 15.3 % males, initial BMI 56.7 ± 12.2, current BMI 34.8 ± 8.1 kg/m(2), and follow-up 104.1 ± 29.7 months. Refractory disease corresponded to 62.5 % (cancer) versus 23.5 % (bariatric) (P = 0.019), whereas NOD represented 69.2 versus 23.8 % respectively (P = 0.016). Weight loss (ΔBMI) was associated with diabetes response in cancer patients but not with NOD. No difference between subtotal and total gastrectomy was detected. Divergent outcomes (refractory vs. responsive) were confirmed in BMI-similar, propensity-matched cancer gastrectomy patients with preoperative diabetes, consistent with weight-dependent and -independent benefits. Diabetes response was confirmed, however with more refractory cases than in bariatric controls, whereas high proportions of NOD occurred. Such dichotomous pattern seems

  13. Recalcitrant Hypocalcemia after Thyroidectomy in Patients with Previous Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass

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    McKenzie, Travis J.; Chen, Yufei; Hodin, Richard A.; Shikora, Scott A.; Hutter, Matthew M.; Gaz, Randall D.; Moore, Francis D.; Lubitz, Carrie C.

    2014-01-01

    Background Hypocalcemia is a potential complication after thyroidectomy. Patients with previous roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGBP) may be at increased risk for recalcitrant symptomatic hypocalcemia after thyroidectomy. This complication is poorly described and there is no current consensus on optimal management in this unique population. Methods All patients from 2000-2012 who underwent thyroidectomy with history of preceding RYGBP were identified retrospectively. Each of the 19 patients meeting inclusion criteria were matched 2:1 for age, gender, and BMI to a cohort who underwent thyroidectomy without previous RYGBP. The study cohort and matched controls were compared for incidence of symptomatic post-operative hypocalcemia, requirement of intravenous (IV) calcium supplementation, and length of hospital stay (LOS). Results Age, proportion of female patients, and BMI were equivalent between cases (n=19) and controls (n=38). Comparison of primary outcomes demonstrated that the study group had a significantly higher incidence of symptomatic hypocalcemia (42% vs. 0%, p<0.01), administration of IV calcium (21% vs. 0%, p<0.01), and LOS (2.2 vs. 1.2 days, p=0.02). Conclusions Patients with previous RYGBP have higher incidence of recalcitrant symptomatic hypocalcemia after thyroidectomy resulting in prolonged LOS. In this patient population calcium levels should be closely monitored and early calcium and vitamin D supplementation preemptively initiated. PMID:23978591

  14. Long-term nutritional status in patients following Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery.

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    Dogan, Kemal; Homan, Jens; Aarts, Edo O; de Boer, Hans; van Laarhoven, Cees J H M; Berends, Frits J

    2017-02-03

    Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is an effective treatment for obesity. However, it also leads to multiple nutritional deficiencies. Much is known about the short term prevalence, but hardly any long term data is available on deficiencies. The aim of this study was to assess the long term outcome of nutritional status after RYGB. We performed a retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data obtained from 51 morbidly obese patients who underwent a primary laparoscopic RYGB. Primary outcomes were iron, vitamin B12 and vitamin D deficiencies. Secondary outcomes were deficiencies of other vitamins and minerals and compliance of the patients to multivitamin use. The mean follow-up was 81 ± 27 months. A total of 35%, 16% and 55% of the patients had deficiencies for iron, vitamin B12 and vitamin D respectively. Sixty-nine percent of patients used a (nonspecific) multivitamin supplement on a daily basis. Patients with multivitamin usage had a lower rate of iron deficiency (26% vs. 56%, p = 0.034), vitamin B12 (11% vs. 25%, p = 0.46) and vitamin D (46% vs. 75%, p = 0.07), compared to non-compliant patients. Nutritional deficiencies are common after a RYGB operation. Therefore, strict follow-up by a bariatric surgeon, endocrinologist or general practitioner is required, both short and long term. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd and European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism. All rights reserved.

  15. Prospective evaluation of laparoscopic Roux en Y gastric bypass in patients with clinically severe obesity

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    Vagenas, Konstantinos; Panagiotopoulos, Spyros; Kehagias, Ioannis; Karamanakos, Stavros Nikolaos; Mead, Nancy; Kalfarentzos, Fotis

    2008-01-01

    AIM: To evaluate and present our experience with laparoscopic Roux en Y gastric bypass (RYGB) in a selected patient population. METHODS: A cohort of 130 patients with a body mass index (BMI) between 35 and 50 kg/m2 were evaluated in relation to postoperative morbidity, weight loss and resolution of co-morbidities for a period of 4 years following laparoscopic RYGB. RESULTS: Early morbidity was 10.0%, including 1 patient with peritonitis who was admitted to Intensive Care Unit (ICU) and 1 conversion to open RYGB early in the series. There was no early or late mortality. Maximum weight loss was achieved at 12 mo postoperatively, with mean BMI 30 kg/m2, mean percentage of excess weight loss (EWL%) 66.4% and mean percentage of initial weight loss (IWL%) 34.3% throughout the follow-up period. The majority of preexisting comorbidities were resolved after weight loss and no major metabolic disturbances or nutritional deficiencies were observed. CONCLUSION: Laparoscopic RYGB appears to be a safe and effective procedure for patients with BMI 35-50 kg/m2 with results that are comparable to previously published data mostly from the USA but from Europe as well. PMID:18932281

  16. Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery on morbidly obese patients with hypothyroidism.

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    Fazylov, Rafael; Soto, Eliana; Cohen, Steve; Merola, Stephen

    2008-06-01

    It is well known that obesity is accompanied by changes in thyroid function. Hypothyroidism is associated with increased body weight. The aim of this study was to evaluate the operative outcomes, weight loss, and the effect of weight loss on thyroid function in morbidly obese patients with hypothyroidism who undergo laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) surgery. A retrospective review of 20 morbidly obese female patients with hypothyroidism and on thyroid replacement therapy who underwent LRYGB between January 2003 and August 2006. Mean preoperative body mass index (BMI) was 47.6 kg/m2 (range 38-58.5 kg/m2). Average patient age was 44.5 years (range 21-66 years). There was one early complication (pneumonia). Late complications included one death, three anastomotic strictures, and one small bowel obstruction. The patients were followed for a mean of 13.5 months (range 3-24 months). Their mean excess body weight loss was 13 kg (22%), 24.4 kg (39.4%), 33.2 kg (63.3%), 38.4 kg (65%), 41.7 kg (70%), and 43 kg (73%) at 1, 3, 6, 9, 12, and 24 months, respectively. Change in a mean BMI was the same regardless of the patient preoperative and postoperative thyroxine dose. Hypothyroidism resolved in 5(25%) patients, improved in 2(10%) patients, unchanged in 8(40%) patients, and worsened in 5 (25%) patients. Most of the five whose hypothyroidism worsened had thyroid autoimmune disease. Hypothyroidism appears to improve in the vast majority of morbidly obese patients who undergo LRYGB, except for those whose thyroid disease is autoimmune in nature.

  17. Effect of Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy vs Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass on Weight Loss in Patients With Morbid Obesity: The SM-BOSS Randomized Clinical Trial.

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    Peterli, Ralph; Wölnerhanssen, Bettina Karin; Peters, Thomas; Vetter, Diana; Kröll, Dino; Borbély, Yves; Schultes, Bernd; Beglinger, Christoph; Drewe, Jürgen; Schiesser, Marc; Nett, Philipp; Bueter, Marco

    2018-01-16

    Sleeve gastrectomy is increasingly used in the treatment of morbid obesity, but its long-term outcome vs the standard Roux-en-Y gastric bypass procedure is unknown. To determine whether there are differences between sleeve gastrectomy and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass in terms of weight loss, changes in comorbidities, increase in quality of life, and adverse events. The Swiss Multicenter Bypass or Sleeve Study (SM-BOSS), a 2-group randomized trial, was conducted from January 2007 until November 2011 (last follow-up in March 2017). Of 3971 morbidly obese patients evaluated for bariatric surgery at 4 Swiss bariatric centers, 217 patients were enrolled and randomly assigned to sleeve gastrectomy or Roux-en-Y gastric bypass with a 5-year follow-up period. Patients were randomly assigned to undergo laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (n = 107) or laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (n = 110). The primary end point was weight loss, expressed as percentage excess body mass index (BMI) loss. Exploratory end points were changes in comorbidities and adverse events. Among the 217 patients (mean age, 45.5 years; 72% women; mean BMI, 43.9) 205 (94.5%) completed the trial. Excess BMI loss was not significantly different at 5 years: for sleeve gastrectomy, 61.1%, vs Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, 68.3% (absolute difference, -7.18%; 95% CI, -14.30% to -0.06%; P = .22 after adjustment for multiple comparisons). Gastric reflux remission was observed more frequently after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (60.4%) than after sleeve gastrectomy (25.0%). Gastric reflux worsened (more symptoms or increase in therapy) more often after sleeve gastrectomy (31.8%) than after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (6.3%). The number of patients with reoperations or interventions was 16/101 (15.8%) after sleeve gastrectomy and 23/104 (22.1%) after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. Among patients with morbid obesity, there was no significant difference in excess BMI loss between laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy and laparoscopic Roux-en-Y

  18. The Effect of Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass Surgery in Morbidly Obese Patients on Pharmacokinetics of (Acetyl)Salicylic Acid and Omeprazole : the ERY-PAO Study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mitrov-Winkelmolen, Lieke; van Buul-Gast, Marie-Christine W; Swank, Dingeman J; Overdiek, Hans W P M; van Schaik, Ron H N; Touw, Daan J

    Data on the absorption of orally administered drugs following Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery in obese patients are limited and inconclusive. As it is difficult to predict changes in absorption, studies on frequently used drugs in this population are necessary. Acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) and

  19. Long-Term Effects of Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass on Diabetes Mellitus, Hypertension and Dyslipidaemia in Morbidly Obese Patients

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dogan, K.; Betzel, B.; Homan, J.; Aarts, E.O.; Ploeger, N.; Boer, H. de; Aufenacker, T.J.; Laarhoven, C.J.H.M. van; Janssen, I.M.; Berends, F.J.

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Severely obese patients have an increased risk for developing metabolic complications such as type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), dyslipidaemia (DL) and hypertension (HT). The aim of the present study is to research the effect of a primary laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) on

  20. Can low BMI Chinese patients with type 2 diabetes benefit from laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery?

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    Wang, Guohui; Zhu, Liyong; Li, Weizheng; Yang, Xiangwu; Li, Pengzhou; Zhu, Shaihong

    2016-12-01

    The efficacy of laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D) is closely associated with the preoperative body mass index (BMI) of the patient. There is a lack of long-term and large sampling evidence on the efficacy of LRYGB in T2D patients with low BMI in China. This retrospective study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of surgical treatment in a Chinese population with T2D (especially patients with BMIBMI≥27.5 kg/m(2) in group 1 (high BMI group) had significant improvements in waist circumference, blood glucose levels, homeostasis model assessment-insulin resistance index, and C-peptide levels after LRYGB (PBMIBMI group, including 19 T2D patients with BMIBMI<27.5 kg/m(2) in China. Copyright © 2016 American Society for Bariatric Surgery. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  1. Effect of proximal vagotomy and Roux-en-Y diversion on gastric emptying kinetics in asymptomatic patients.

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    Urbain, J L; Penninckx, F; Siegel, J A; Vandenborre, P; Van Cutsem, E; Vandenmaegdenbergh, V; De Roo, M

    1990-10-01

    The role of the distal stomach in gastric emptying was studied. Ten patients with proximal gastric vagotomy (PV) and 10 age-matched patients with Roux-en-Y gastro-jejunostomy (R-Y) were compared with 10 healthy controls. Gastric emptying of solids and liquids was determined by the use of Tc-99m SC scrambled eggs and In-111 DTPA. In PV, gastric emptying of both solids and liquids was delayed; the prolongation with solids was mainly accounted for by an abnormal lag phase. In R-Y patients, no lag phase was observed, and the solid emptying curve pattern was characterized by early rapid emptying followed by very slow emptying. Both the solid and liquid phases were prolonged. The lag phase is affected by proximal vagotomy and is mainly determined by the distal stomach, which appears to be essential for normal emptying.

  2. Effect of proximal vagotomy and Roux-en-Y diversion on gastric emptying kinetics in asymptomatic patients

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Urbain, J.L.; Penninckx, F.; Siegel, J.A.; Vandenborre, P.; Van Cutsem, E.; Vandenmaegdenbergh, V.; De Roo, M. (Univ. Hospital Gasthuisberg, Leuven (Belgium))

    1990-10-01

    The role of the distal stomach in gastric emptying was studied. Ten patients with proximal gastric vagotomy (PV) and 10 age-matched patients with Roux-en-Y gastro-jejunostomy (R-Y) were compared with 10 healthy controls. Gastric emptying of solids and liquids was determined by the use of Tc-99m SC scrambled eggs and In-111 DTPA. In PV, gastric emptying of both solids and liquids was delayed; the prolongation with solids was mainly accounted for by an abnormal lag phase. In R-Y patients, no lag phase was observed, and the solid emptying curve pattern was characterized by early rapid emptying followed by very slow emptying. Both the solid and liquid phases were prolonged. The lag phase is affected by proximal vagotomy and is mainly determined by the distal stomach, which appears to be essential for normal emptying.

  3. Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery of morbidly obese patients induces swift and persistent changes of the individual gut microbiota

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Palleja, Albert; Kashani, Alireza; Allin, Kristine Højgaard

    2016-01-01

    relative abundances of 31 species (P Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Veillonella spp., Streptococcus spp., Alistipes spp., and Akkermansia muciniphila. Sixteen of these species maintained their altered relative abundances during......Background: Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is an effective means to achieve sustained weight loss for morbidly obese individuals. Besides rapid weight reduction, patients achieve major improvements of insulin sensitivity and glucose homeostasis. Dysbiosis of gut microbiota has been associated...

  4. Subclinical hypothyroidism and its relation to obesity in patients before and after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Janssen, Ignace M C; Homan, Jens; Schijns, Wendy; Betzel, Bark; Aarts, Edo O; Berends, Frits J; de Boer, Hans

    2015-01-01

    Subclinical hypothyroidism (SH), defined as a raised serum thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) with a normal free thyroxine (FT4), is occasionally observed in morbidly obese patients. It is currently not known whether thyroid hormone treatment is indicated. The aim of the present study was to assess the changes in thyroid hormone levels in thyroxine-naïve patients with SH in response to weight loss induced by Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). General hospital specialized in bariatric surgery. Serum levels of TSH and FT4 were measured at baseline in 503 patients presenting for RYGB. In patients diagnosed with SH, these measurements were repeated 12 months postoperatively. SH de novo was present in 71 out of 503 patients (14.1%). One-year follow-up was available in 61 out of 71 patients (86%). TSH level >10 mU/L was observed in 3 patients (.5%). RYGB induced a decrease in BMI from 47±8 kg/m(2) to 33±6 kg/m(2) at 12-month follow-up (Pobese patients. After RYGB it resolves in about 90% of patients. This high degree of spontaneous recovery suggests that follow-up alone is sufficient in the majority of patients. Copyright © 2015 American Society for Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  5. A Patient-Centered Electronic Tool for Weight Loss Outcomes after Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass

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    G. Craig Wood

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Current patient education and informed consent regarding weight loss expectations for bariatric surgery candidates are largely based on averages from large patient cohorts. The variation in weight loss outcomes illustrates the need for establishing more realistic weight loss goals for individual patients. This study was designed to develop a simple web-based tool which provides patient-specific weight loss expectations. Methods. Postoperative weight measurements after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB were collected and analyzed with patient characteristics known to influence weight loss outcomes. Quantile regression was used to create expected weight loss curves (25th, 50th, and 75th %tile for the 24 months after RYGB. The resulting equations were validated and used to develop web-based tool for predicting weight loss outcomes. Results. Weight loss data from 2986 patients (2608 in the primary cohort and 378 in the validation cohort were included. Preoperative body mass index (BMI and age were found to have a high correlation with weight loss accomplishment (P<0.0001 for each. An electronic tool was created that provides easy access to patient-specific, 24-month weight loss trajectories based on initial BMI and age. Conclusions. This validated, patient-centered electronic tool will assist patients and providers in patient teaching, informed consent, and postoperative weight loss management.

  6. A patient-centered electronic tool for weight loss outcomes after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wood, G Craig; Benotti, Peter; Gerhard, Glenn S; Miller, Elaina K; Zhang, Yushan; Zaccone, Richard J; Argyropoulos, George A; Petrick, Anthony T; Still, Christopher D

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND. Current patient education and informed consent regarding weight loss expectations for bariatric surgery candidates are largely based on averages from large patient cohorts. The variation in weight loss outcomes illustrates the need for establishing more realistic weight loss goals for individual patients. This study was designed to develop a simple web-based tool which provides patient-specific weight loss expectations. METHODS. Postoperative weight measurements after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) were collected and analyzed with patient characteristics known to influence weight loss outcomes. Quantile regression was used to create expected weight loss curves (25th, 50th, and 75th %tile) for the 24 months after RYGB. The resulting equations were validated and used to develop web-based tool for predicting weight loss outcomes. RESULTS. Weight loss data from 2986 patients (2608 in the primary cohort and 378 in the validation cohort) were included. Preoperative body mass index (BMI) and age were found to have a high correlation with weight loss accomplishment (P < 0.0001 for each). An electronic tool was created that provides easy access to patient-specific, 24-month weight loss trajectories based on initial BMI and age. CONCLUSIONS. This validated, patient-centered electronic tool will assist patients and providers in patient teaching, informed consent, and postoperative weight loss management.

  7. Revisional Gastric Bypass for Failed Restrictive Procedures: Comparison of Single-Anastomosis (Mini-) and Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Almalki, Owaid M; Lee, Wei-Jei; Chen, Jung-Chien; Ser, Kong-Han; Lee, Yi-Chih; Chen, Shu-Chun

    2017-11-03

    Ten to 50% of patients who received restrictive bariatric operations may require reoperation for unsatisfactory weight loss or weight regain. Failed restrictive procedures are usually managed with conversion to another bariatric procedure with a favor of conversion to laparoscopic gastric bypass. Our aim is to evaluate two different bypass techniques, laparoscopic RY gastric bypass (RYGB) versus single-anastomosis (mini-) gastric bypass (SAGB) as a revision option (R-RYGB and R-SAGB) for failed restrictive bariatric operations. From May 2001 to December 2015, a total of 116 patients with failed restrictive bariatric operations underwent laparoscopic revisional bypass surgery (81 R-SAGB and 35 R-RYGB). Among them, 81 were failed after vertical banded gastroplasty (VBG) and 35 were after adjustable gastric band (AGB). The demographic data, surgical parameters, and outcomes were studied. The average age at revision surgery was 35.7 years (range 22-56), and the average body mass index (BMI) before reoperation was 37.2 kg/m2 (29.0-51.8). Revision surgery was performed after 58.8 months from the primary surgery on average (14-180 months). The main reasons for the revisions were weight regain (50.9%), inadequate weight loss (31%), and intolerance (18.1%). All of the procedures were completed laparoscopically as one-stage procedure. R-RYGB had significantly longer operative times than R-SAGB. Major complication occurred in 12 (10%) patients without significant difference between R-SAGB group and R-RYGB group. At 1 year follow-up, weight loss was better in R-SAGB than R-RYGB (76.8 vs. 32.9% EWL; p = 0.001). At 5 year follow-up, a significantly lower hemoglobin level was found in R-SAGB group (p = 0.03). Both SAGB and RYGB are acceptable options for revising a restrictive type of bariatric procedures with equal safety profile. R-SAGB was shown to be a simpler procedure with better weight reduction than R-RYGB but anemia is a considerable complication at long

  8. Persistent moderate or severe obstructive sleep apnea after laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass: which patients?

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Raaff, Christel A L; Coblijn, Usha K; Ravesloot, Madeline J L; de Vries, Nico; de Lange-de Klerk, Elly S M; van Wagensveld, Bart A

    2016-12-01

    Patients with severe obesity and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) might decide to undergo bariatric surgery to improve this disease or, more specifically, to become independent of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy, which is generally indicated in case of moderate and severe OSA. Knowledge of this topic is important for patient education on expectations of surgical outcome. To evaluate the prevalence and phenotypes of patients with persistent moderate to severe OSA after bariatric surgery. Obesity Center Amsterdam, Amsterdam, the Netherlands. Patients who underwent a laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, had a preoperative apnea-hypopnea index (AHI)≥15/hr, and of whom a follow-up AHI/hr was available were included. Out of 437 patients, 205 underwent pre- and postoperative polysomnography; 232 (53.1%) were lost to follow-up. Median AHI was 32.3/hr (range, 15-138) and mean body mass index was 46 (standard deviation 7.2) kg/m(2). A postoperative AHIweight loss (EWL)<60%, and hypertension (area under the curve: .772). After bariatric surgery, around three quarters of the moderate to severe OSA patients had no or mild OSA, whereas one quarter (25.9%) still had moderate to severe OSA. Age≥50 years, preoperative AHI≥30/hr, EWL<60%, and hypertension were predictive factors for this persistent postoperative AHI≥15/hr. Copyright © 2016 American Society for Bariatric Surgery. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  9. Unexpected changes in the gastric remnant in asymptomatic patients after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass on vertical banded gastroplasty.

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    Leuratti, Luca; Di Simone, Massimo Pierluigi; Cariani, Stefano

    2013-01-01

    The aims of this study are to evaluate the macroscopic and microscopic changes in the remnant stomach at mid-term follow-up of patients who underwent a Roux-en-Y gastric bypass on vertical banded gastroplasty (RYGB-on-VBG). The stomach could be reached through a 1.1-cm gastro-gastrostomy with an endoscope of standard size. From January 2009 to July 2010, 51 asymptomatic patients at 4 and 5 years follow-up after RYGB-on-VBG submitted to upper endoscopy. All of them were examined with standard endoscopy with collection of biopsies in gastric fundus, body, and antrum. The macroscopic and microscopic findings were analyzed according to Sydney Classification. The endoscopy of the remnant stomach was technically easy and already showed on macroscopic examination 90 % cases of gastritis (41.2 % mild, 49 % severe) with tendency of severity in the distal stomach part. Histological analysis detected 39.2 % of active gastritis, 50.6 % of quiescent gastritis, 7.8 % of intestinal metaplasia, and 3.9 % of lymphoma-like gastritis. The results surprised us. We found a very high rate of mucosa abnormalities after RYGB-on-VBG. All of the patients have to be regularly controlled in follow-up and treatment has to be introduced when needed. Again, we would like to ask the question: what is happening with the remnant stomach after standard RYGB, banded gastric bapass, or minigastric bypass? Did we reach the time to answer the question?

  10. Determinants of Secondary Hyperparathyroidism in Bariatric Patients after Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass or Sleeve Gastrectomy: A Pilot Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andreas Alexandrou

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective. Nutritional deficiencies are common after bariatric surgery. We aimed to assess the prevalence and possible predictors of secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT in bariatric patients. Methods. A total of 95 patients who had undergone Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB or sleeve gastrectomy (SG were assessed after a median of 3 years after surgery. Anthropometric/demographic and weight-loss parameters were compared according to the presence of SHPT, independently for men/premenopausal women and postmenopausal women. Results. SHPT was highly prevalent (men/premenopausal women, 52.1%; postmenopausal women, 31.9%. Among men/premenopausal women, multivariate analysis indicated that SHPT was predicted by (a 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels (Exp(B = 0.869, P-value = 0.037, independently of age, sex, smoking; (b calcium (Exp(B = 0.159, P-value = 0.033 and smoking, independently of age and sex; (c magnesium (Exp(B = 0.026, P-value = 0.046 and smoking, independently of age and sex. Among postmenopausal women, SHPT was predicted by menopausal age independently of age, smoking, and levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D or calcium. The development of SHPT was not associated with the type of surgery. Conclusions. RYGB and SG exhibited similar effects regarding the regulation of the hypothalamus-pituitary-parathyroid axis after surgery. Vitamin D status and menopausal age appear to determine SHPT on the long term. SHPT should be sought and vigorously treated with calcium and vitamin D supplementation.

  11. Reversible Adrenal Insufficiency in Three Patients With Post–Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass Noninsulinoma Pancreatogenous Hypoglycemia Syndrome

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    Shelly Mathur MD

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Objective. Noninsulinoma pancreatogenous hypoglycemia syndrome (NIPHS is a disorder of endogenous hyperinsulinemia that is clinically distinguishable from insulinoma, with a greater preponderance after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYBG. Hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia can predispose to attenuation of counterregulatory hormone responses to hypoglycemia, and consequent suppression of the hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal (HPA axis. This case series describes 3 individuals who were diagnosed with adrenal insufficiency (AI after undergoing RYGB, complicated by NIPHS. Methods. A retrospective chart review was performed for each individual. Chart review applied particular attention to the onset of hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia following bariatric surgery and the dynamic testing leading to the diagnoses of NIPHS and AI. Results. In each case, reactive hypoglycemia ensued within months to years after RYGB. Cosyntropin stimulation testing confirmed the diagnosis of AI. Hydrocortisone therapy reduced the frequency and severity of hypoglycemia and was continued until successful medical and/or surgical management of hyperinsulinism occurred. Follow-up testing of the HPA axis demonstrated resolution of AI. In all cases, hydrocortisone therapy was finally discontinued without incident. Conclusion. We speculate that transient AI is a potential complication in patients who experience recurrent hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia after RYGB. The putative mechanism for this observation may be attenuation of the HPA axis after prolonged exposure to severe, recurrent hypoglycemia. We conclude that biochemical screening for AI should be considered in individuals who develop post-RYGB hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia. If AI is diagnosed, supportive treatment should be maintained until hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia has been managed effectively.

  12. Higher plasma motilin levels in obese patients decrease after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery and regulate hunger.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deloose, E; Janssen, P; Lannoo, M; Van der Schueren, B; Depoortere, I; Tack, J

    2016-07-01

    Motilin-induced phase III contractions of the migrating motor complex (MMC) signal hunger in healthy volunteers. The current aim was to study the role of motilin as a hunger-inducing factor in obese patients and to evaluate the effect of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery on plasma motilin levels and hunger scores. Motilin and ghrelin plasma levels were determined during a complete MMC cycle in controls and obese patients selected for RYGB before, 6 months and 1 year after surgery. 20 min after the end of the second phase III, obese patients received an intravenous infusion of 40 mg erythromycin. Hunger was scored every 5 min. Hedonic hunger was assessed in obese patients with the Power of Food Scale questionnaire. Obesity caused a switch in the origin of phase III from antrum to duodenum. Obese patients had significantly higher motilin levels compared with controls during the MMC but tended to lack the motilin peak prior to phase III necessary to trigger hunger. Hunger scores during phase III were significantly lower in obese patients, but could be restored to control levels through the administration of a low dose of the motilin agonist, erythromycin. After RYGB surgery motilin, but not ghrelin, levels decreased in parallel with hedonic hunger scores. Motilin may be an important regulator involved in the pathogenesis of obesity. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://www.bmj.com/company/products-services/rights-and-licensing/

  13. Multicenter evaluation of the clinical utility of laparoscopy-assisted ERCP in patients with Roux-en-Y gastric bypass.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abbas, Ali M; Strong, Andrew T; Diehl, David L; Brauer, Brian C; Lee, Iris H; Burbridge, Rebecca; Zivny, Jaroslav; Higa, Jennifer T; Falcão, Marcelo; El Hajj, Ihab I; Tarnasky, Paul; Enestvedt, Brintha K; Ende, Alexander R; Thaker, Adarsh M; Pawa, Rishi; Jamidar, Priya; Sampath, Kartik; Hourneaux de Moura, Eduardo Guimarães; Kwon, Richard S; Suarez, Alejandro L; Aburajab, Murad; Wang, Andrew Y; Shakhatreh, Mohammad H; Kaul, Vivek; Kang, Lorna; Kowalski, Thomas E; Pannala, Rahul; Tokar, Jeffrey; Aadam, A Aziz; Tzimas, Demetrios; Wagh, Mihir S; Draganov, Peter V; The LA-Ercp Research Group Jeffrey Ponsky, M D; Greenwald, Bruce D; Uradomo, Lance T; McGhan, Alyson A; Hakimian, Shahrad; Ross, Andrew; Sherman, Stuart; Bick, Benjamin L; Forsmark, Christopher E; Yang, Dennis; Gupte, Anand; Chauhan, Shailendra; Hughes, Steven J; Saks, Karen; Bakis, Gennadiy; Templeton, Adam W; Saunders, Michael; Sedarat, Alireza; Evans, John A; Muniraj, Thiruvengadam; Gardner, Timothy B; Ramos, Almino C; Santo, Marco Aurelio; Nett, Andrew; Coté, Gregory A; Elmunzer, B Joseph; Dua, Kulwinder S; Nosler, Michael J; Strand, Daniel S; Yeaton, Paul; Kothari, Shivangi; Ullah, Asad; Taunk, Pushpak; Brady, Patrick; Pinkas, Haim; Faulx, Ashley L; Shahid, Haroon; Holmes, Jordan; Pannu, Davinderbir; Komanduri, Srinadh; Bucobo, Juan Carlos; Dhaliwal, Harry; Rostom, Alaa; Acker, Brent W

    2017-11-09

    The obesity epidemic has led to increased use of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). These patients have an increased incidence of pancreaticobiliary diseases yet standard ERCP is not possible due to surgically altered gastroduodenal anatomy. Laparoscopic-ERCP (LA-ERCP) has been proposed as an option but supporting data are derived from single center small case-series. Therefore, we conducted a large multicenter study to evaluate the feasibility, safety, and outcomes of LA-ERCP. This is retrospective cohort study of adult patients with RYGB who underwent LA-ERCP in 34 centers. Data on demographics, indications, procedure success, and adverse events were collected. Procedure success was defined when all of the following were achieved: reaching the papilla, cannulating the desired duct and providing endoscopic therapy as clinically indicated. A total of 579 patients (median age 51, 84% women) were included. Indication for LA-ERCP was biliary in 89%, pancreatic in 8%, and both in 3%. Procedure success was achieved in 98%. Median total procedure time was 152 minutes (IQR 109-210) with median ERCP time 40 minutes (IQR 28-56). Median hospital stay was 2 days (IQR 1-3). Adverse events were 18% (laparoscopy-related 10%, ERCP-related 7%, both 1%) with the clear majority (92%) classified as mild/moderate whereas 8% were severe and 1 death occurred. Our large multicenter study indicates that LA-ERCP in patients with RYGB is feasible with a high procedure success rate comparable with that of standard ERCP in patients with normal anatomy. ERCP-related adverse events rate is comparable with conventional ERCP, but the overall adverse event rate was higher due to the added laparoscopy-related events. Copyright © 2017 American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  14. Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y Gastric bypass after failed vertical banded gastroplasty: a multicenter experience with 203 patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suter, M; Ralea, S; Millo, P; Allé, J L

    2012-10-01

    Vertical banded gastroplasty (VBG) has long been the main restrictive procedure for morbid obesity but has many long-term complications for which conversion to Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGBP) is often considered the best option. This series regroups patients operated on by three different surgeons in four different centers. All data were collected prospectively, then pooled and analyzed retrospectively. Out of 2,522 RYGBP performed between 1998 and 2010, 538 were reoperations, including 203 laparoscopic RYGBP after VBG. There were 175 women and 28 men. The mean BMI before VBG was 43.2 ± 6.3, and the mean BMI before reoperation was 37.4 ± 8.3. Most patients had more than one indication for reoperation and/or had regained significant weight. There was no conversion to open surgery. A total of 24 patients (11.8 %) developed complications, including nine (4.5 %) who required reoperation and one death. With a follow-up of 88.9 % after 8 years, the mean BMI after 1, 3, 5, 7, and 9 years was 29.1, 28.8, 28.7, 29.9, and 28.8, respectively. On the basis of this experience, the largest with laparoscopic reoperative RYGBP after failed VBG, we conclude that this procedure can safely be performed in experienced hands, with weight loss results similar to those observed after primary RYGBP. In patients with too difficult an anatomy below the cardia, dividing the esophagus just above the esophago-gastric junction and performing an esophagojejunostomy may be a safe alternative to converting to a Scopinaro-type BPD, obviating the additional long-term risks associated with malabsorption.

  15. Dumping symptoms is triggered by fat as well as carbohydrates in patients operated with Roux-en-Y gastric bypass.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laurenius, Anna; Werling, Malin; le Roux, Carel W; Fändriks, Lars; Olbers, Torsten

    2017-07-01

    Dumping syndrome after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is traditionally associated with the consumption of refined carbohydrates, but the role of dietary fat is unclear. This study compares symptoms after consumption of a carbohydrate-rich or fat-rich beverage to determine perceived symptoms, glycemic control, and pulse rate. University hospital. We assessed perceived symptoms (Sigstad's Dumping Index) and glycemic control (P-glucose and S-insulin) as well as autonomic nervous system activity (reflected by arterial pulse rate) after a standardized liquid meal test (440 kcal/300 mL carbohydrates [CARB] or fat [FAT]) in a randomized crossover blinded setting. Blood samples were drawn before and 1, 15, 30, and 60 minutes after finishing each meal and the area under the curve (AUC) was calculated. Twelve patients 42±10 months after undergoing RYGB were studied. AUC differed between drinks for glucose (P = .003) and insulin (P = .005). Pulse rate increased more after CARB than after FAT (P = .01). AUC for perceived symptoms in the Sigstad's Dumping Index were similar after meals (P = .79), yet the pattern of type of symptoms differed. In patients with RYGB, a meal with predominant fat content resulted in as much perceived dumping symptoms as a carbohydrate-profiled meal. As expected, an increase in glucose and insulin levels were found only after carbohydrate intake and the pulse rise was more pronounced for carbohydrates than fat. Dietary counseling in patients undergoing RYGB should address dietary fat as well as traditional information about carbohydrates to avoid dumping symptoms. Copyright © 2017 American Society for Bariatric Surgery. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  16. The Association Between Weight Loss and Quality of Life 1 and 5 Years After Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass in Danish Bariatric Patients

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gustafson, Maria Biehl; El-Jashi, Rima; Birn, Ida

    2017-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) is effective to achieve significant weight loss, as well as improvement of comorbidity and quality of life (QoL) in obese patients. Several studies have examined whether weight loss can predict the change in QoL after LRYGB but results var...... after LRYGB predicts the change in QoL of patients 1 and 5 years after surgery. Furthermore, both weight loss and change in QoL peaked after 1 year but remained significant at 5-year follow-up....

  17. Laparoscopic revision of vertical banded gastroplasty to Roux-en-Y gastric bypass: outcomes of 105 patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gagné, Daniel J; Dovec, Elizabeth; Urbandt, Jorge E

    2011-01-01

    Although vertical banded gastroplasty (VBG) was endorsed by the 1991 National Institutes of Health Consensus Conference for the treatment of morbid obesity, it has largely been abandoned owing to the poor long-term weight loss and band-related complications. The objective of the present study was to review the outcomes of patients who had undergone laparoscopic conversion of VBG to Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) for weight loss or dysphagia and gastroesophageal reflux. A retrospective review of prospectively collected data from all patients who had undergone revision of VBG to RYGB was performed. The data on the symptoms, weight loss, co-morbidities, and complications were collected. From July 1999 to April 2010, 2397 bariatric procedures were performed. Of these, 105 (4.4%) were laparoscopic revisions of previous VBG to RYGB. Of the 105 patients, 103 had undergone open VBG and 2 laparoscopic VBG. Of the 105 patients, 97 were women and 8 were men. The average patient age was 49 years (range 23-71). The median preoperative body mass index was 42 kg/m(2) (range 20-72). Short- and long-term complications occurred in 40 patients (38%). No patients died. The median length of stay was 2 days. At an average follow-up of 31 months (range 1-96), the median percentage of excess weight loss was 47% (range -24% to 138%). The median decrease in body mass index was 8 kg/m(2) (range -6 to 30). Dysphagia had improved or resolved in 100%. Gastroesophageal reflux disease had improved or resolved in 95%. Diabetes had improved or went into remission in 90%. Hypertension had improved or resolved in 62%. Obstructive sleep apnea had improved or resolved in 96%. The results of our study have shown that laparoscopic revision of VBG to RYGB is a feasible procedure that can provide acceptable weight loss and reversal of weight-related co-morbidities. Complications were common after revisional bariatric surgery. Copyright © 2011 American Society for Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery

  18. Outcomes of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery for severely obese patients with type 1 diabetes: a case series report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos E Mendez

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Carlos E Mendez, Robert J Tanenberg, Walter PoriesDiabetes and Obesity Institute, East Carolina University, Greenville, NC, USAAbstract: Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery (RYGB reverses type 2 diabetes (DM2 in approximately 83% of patients with morbid or severe obesity. This procedure has been performed in small numbers of severely obese patients with type 1 diabetes (DM1, but the impact on glycemic control and insulin requirement in this population has not been widely described. We report three patients with DM1 and severe obesity that underwent RYGB. Weight, glycemic control, and insulin requirements before and one year after the procedure were compared. Significant weight loss was achieved by all three patients but insulin requirements decreased in only 2 patients. In contrast, glycemic control (A1C remained suboptimal in all three patients up to one year after the surgery. These findings suggest that RYGB leads to important weight loss and positively affects insulin sensitivity. However, reaching optimal glycemic control in patients with DM1 diabetes remains challenging due to persisting insulin deficiency.Keywords: gastric bypass, Roux-en-Y, obesity, diabetes, insulin

  19. Compression of the superior mesenteric vein - a sign of acute internal herniation in patients with antecolic laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass

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    Maier, Jens; Herrasti Gallego, Amaya [Koege Sygehus, Department of Radiology, Koege (Denmark); Floyd, Andrea K. [Holbaek Sygehus, Department of Abdominal Surgery, Holbaek (Denmark)

    2017-04-15

    To investigate whether compression of the superior mesenteric vein (SMV) on computed tomography (CT) can serve as a valid sign of internal herniation (IH) in patients with antecolic laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGBP). With institutional review board approval, we performed a retrospective analysis of 41 patients with antecolic LRYGBP referred for acute CT of the abdomen with suspicion of IH or another cause of acute abdomen. CT scans were randomly reviewed for signs of IH by two radiologists in a blinded manner, and the findings were correlated with the results of the patients' bariatric workup. Sensitivity, specificity, and inter-observer agreement were calculated for each sign. Five patients were classified as having intermittent IH and were excluded. Eighteen patients were found to have IH at laparoscopy and served as the study group; 18 patients served as the control group. SMV compression had the best sensitivity (67 % for both reviewers) and inter-observer agreement (kappa = 0.82) of all investigated signs. The swirl sign showed a lower sensitivity (39 and 50 % respectively) and kappa (0.37). SMV compression is a reliable sign of IH in patients with antecolic LRYGBP. circle CT can help detect internal herniation after laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. (orig.)

  20. Reduction in inflammatory gene expression in skeletal muscle from Roux-en-Y gastric bypass patients randomized to omentectomy.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robyn A Tamboli

    Full Text Available To examine the effects of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB surgery with and without laparoscopic removal of omental fat (omentectomy on the temporal gene expression profiles of skeletal muscle.Previously reported were the whole-body metabolic effects of a randomized, single-blinded study in patients receiving RYGB surgery stratified to receive or not receive omentectomy. In this follow up study we report on changes in skeletal muscle gene expression in a subset of 21 patients, for whom biopsies were collected preoperatively and at either 6 months or 12 months postoperatively.RNA isolated from skeletal muscle biopsies of 21 subjects (8 without omentectomy and 13 with omentectomy taken before RYGB or at 6 and 12 months postoperatively were subjected to gene expression profiling via Exon 1.0 S/T Array and Taqman Low Density Array. Robust Multichip Analysis and gene enrichment data analysis revealed 84 genes with at least a 4-fold expression difference after surgery. At 6 and 12 months the RYGB with omentectomy group displayed a greater reduction in the expression of genes associated with skeletal muscle inflammation (ANKRD1, CDR1, CH25H, CXCL2, CX3CR1, IL8, LBP, NFIL3, SELE, SOCS3, TNFAIP3, and ZFP36 relative to the RYGB non-omentectomy group. Expressions of IL6 and CCL2 were decreased at all postoperative time points. There was differential expression of genes driving protein turnover (IGFN1, FBXW10 in both groups over time and increased expression of PAAF1 in the non-omentectomy group at 12 months. Evidence for the activation of skeletal muscle satellite cells was inferred from the up-regulation of HOXC10. The elevated post-operative expression of 22 small nucleolar RNAs and the decreased expression of the transcription factors JUNB, FOS, FOSB, ATF3 MYC, EGR1 as well as the orphan nuclear receptors NR4A1, NR4A2, NR4A3 suggest dramatic reorganizations at both the cellular and genetic levels.These data indicate that RYGB reduces skeletal muscle

  1. Radiological contrast studies after vertical banded gastroplasty (VBG) and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGBP) in patients with morbid obesity. Study of the complications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mondeturo, Francesco; Cappello, Ivanpietro; Mazzoni, Gianni; Barozzi, Libero; Ghetti, Antonella; Nottola, Daniela; Cariani, Stefano; Amenta, Enrico

    2004-01-01

    The aim of the study was to evaluate the role of radiological upper gastroenteric studies to detect early and postoperative complications after gastric restrictive surgery for obesity. From October 1992 to October 2002, 650 patients submitted to vertical banded gastroplasty (VBG) and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGBP) underwent radiological follow-up to assess the presence of both early and late postoperative complications. The patients were 546 (84%) women and 104 (16%) men whose average weight was 125 kg (range: 78 to 218 kg). The average female age was 37 years (range: 17 to 69 years) and the average male age 36 (range: 19 to 64 years). Preoperative mean body mass index was 46 kg/m2 (range 31-78 kg/m2). The patients underwent radiological upper gastroenteric investigation employing water soluble contrast material between the 4th and 7th postoperative day. All patients underwent another late examination every year after surgery. At 10 years follow-up in 620 patients submitted to modified Mason VBG we observed the following early postoperative complications: 16 cases (2.6%) of oedema of the stoma, six cases (0.9%) of gastro-oesophageal reflux, one case (0.2%) of staple-line disruption, and one case (0.2%) of intragastric haemorrhage. Late complications in VBG included 26 cases (4.2%) of staple-line disruption, four cases (0.6%) of kinked stomas, six cases (0.9%) of pouch dilatations, two cases (0.4%) of stomal stenosis and one case (0.2%) of gastro-oesophageal reflux. In 30 RYGBP patients we observed the following early postoperative complications: one case (0.8%) of dilated pouch, one case (0.8%) of oedema of the anastomosis and one case (0.8%) of anastomotic leak. Late postoperative complications in the 30 RYGBP patients included three cases (2.5%) of stomal ulcers and one case (0.8%) of gastro-oesophageal reflux. We also examined the annual incidence of complications in late follow-up. Both early and late radiological studies after gastric bariatric surgery

  2. Early 24-hour blood pressure response to Roux-en-Y gastric bypass in obese patients

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Julie S; Borup, Christian; Damgaard, Morten

    2017-01-01

    (LRYGB), may affect BP through a change in a putative 'entero-renal' axis. If so one could anticipate a reduction in BP even before a noticeable weight loss was obtained. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the very early BP response to LRYGB surgery. Ten severely obese hypertensive (mean...... BMI 40.8 kg/m(2)) and 10 severely obese normotensive (mean BMI 41.7 kg/m(2)) patients underwent 24-h ambulatory blood pressure measurements (24 h ABPMs) before LRYGB and again day 1 and day 10 after LRYGB. No change in 24 h BP was observed day 1 after LRYGB. Day 10 after surgery both hypertensive....... The reduction in BP after LRYGB takes place before any substantial weight loss has occurred. The reason for this remains speculative, but obese hypertensive patients may clearly benefit from the operation even if the goal of achieving 'normoweight' is not obtained....

  3. Outcomes of Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy and Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass in Patients Older than 60.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abbas, Mujjahid; Cumella, Lindsay; Zhang, Yang; Choi, Jenny; Vemulapalli, Pratibha; Melvin, W Scott; Camacho, Diego

    2015-12-01

    patients underwent laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB). The average patient age was 63.4 years, the average pre-operative weight was 122.3 kg, and the average excess body weight was 54.8 kg. The pre-existing comorbid conditions included 90.4 % hypertension (HTN), 63.9 % diabetes mellitus (DM), 50.6 % hyperlipidemia (HL), 34.9 % obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), and 30.1 % asthma. The average %EWL at 3 months, 6 months, and 12 months was 37.0, 51.3, and 65.2 %, respectively. A significant proportion of patients reported resolution or improvement in comorbid conditions. When results were compared to the general, population there was no significant difference in the number of complications that occurred within each of the two groups. The difference in %EWL at the 12-month follow-up was not statistically significant between the general population and the older patients, which suggests that both groups lost a similar amount of weight and that bariatric surgery on patients who are above the age of 60 is effective. Bariatric surgery can be safe and effective for patients older than 60 years of age with a low morbidity and mortality; the weight loss and improvement in comorbidities in older patients were clinically significant. When compared to the general population, there was no statistically significant difference in the average %EWL at 12 months or the number of complications due to surgery. Long-term effects of such interventions will need further studies and investigations.

  4. Immediate enhancement of first-phase insulin secretion and unchanged glucose effectiveness in patients with type 2 diabetes after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Martinussen, Christoffer; Bojsen-Moller, Kirstine N; Dirksen, Carsten

    2015-01-01

    testing, GLP-1 responses and insulin secretion increased regardless of glucose tolerance. Therefore, in addition to increased insulin sensitivity and exaggerated postprandial GLP-1 levels, diabetes remission after RYGB involves early improvement of pancreatic β-cell function per se, reflected in enhanced......Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery (RYGB) in patients with type 2 diabetes often leads to early disease remission, and it is unknown to what extent this involves improved pancreatic β-cell function per se and/or enhanced insulin- and non-insulin-mediated glucose disposal (glucose effectiveness). We...... studied 30 obese patients, including 10 with type 2 diabetes, 8 with impaired glucose tolerance and 12 with normal glucose tolerance, before, 1 week and 3 months after RYGB, using an intravenous glucose tolerance test to estimate first-phase insulin response, insulin sensitivity (Si) and glucose...

  5. Preoperative β-cell function in patients with type 2 diabetes is important for the outcome of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lund, Michael Taulo; Hansen, Merethe; Skaaby, Stinna

    2015-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: A major part of the patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) show remission after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). This is the result of increased postoperative insulin sensitivity and β-cell secretion. The aim of the present study was to elucidate the importance of the preoperative β...... DI, a restoration of first phase ISR and β-cell glucose sensitivity were seen only in T2DMhigh . Remission of type 2 diabetes was 71 and 38% in T2DMhigh and T2DMlow , respectively. Postoperative postprandial GLP-1 concentrations increased markedly, but did not differ between the groups. CONCLUSION......-cell function in T2DM for the chance of remission after RYGB. METHODS: 15 patients with and 18 without T2DM had 25 g oral (OGTT) and intravenous (IVGTT) glucose tolerance tests performed at inclusion, after a diet induced weight loss, and 4 and 18 months after RYGB. RESULTS: Postoperative first phase insulin...

  6. Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery of morbidly obese patients induces swift and persistent changes of the individual gut microbiota

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Palleja, Albert; Kashani, Alireza; Allin, Kristine Højgaard

    2016-01-01

    undergone RYGB, their gut microbiota featured an increased diversity, an altered composition, an increased potential for oxygen tolerance, and an increased potential for microbial utilization of macro- and micro-nutrients. These changes were maintained for the first year post-RYGB.......Background: Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is an effective means to achieve sustained weight loss for morbidly obese individuals. Besides rapid weight reduction, patients achieve major improvements of insulin sensitivity and glucose homeostasis. Dysbiosis of gut microbiota has been associated...... with obesity and some of its co-morbidities, like type 2 diabetes, and major changes of gut microbial communities have been hypothesized to mediate part of the beneficial metabolic effects observed after RYGB. Here we describe changes in gut microbial taxonomic composition and functional potential following...

  7. Endoscopic ultrasound-guided creation of a transgastric fistula for the management of hepatobiliary disease in patients with Roux-en-Y gastric bypass.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ngamruengphong, Saowanee; Nieto, Jose; Kunda, Rastislav; Kumbhari, Vivek; Chen, Yen-I; Bukhari, Majidah; El Zein, Mohamad Hassan; Bueno, Renata P; Hajiyeva, Gulara; Ismail, Amr; Chavez, Yamile Haito; Khashab, Mouen A

    2017-06-01

    Background and aims Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) in patients who have undergone Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is technically challenging. We describe our multicenter experience using lumen-apposing metal stents (LAMSs) to create an endoscopic ultrasound-guided transgastric fistula (EUS-TG) to facilitate peroral ERCP in these patients. Patients and methods Thirteen patients with RYGB who underwent EUS-TG at three tertiary centers were included. EUS was used to guide puncture of the excluded stomach from the gastric pouch or jejunum; a LAMS was placed across the transgastric fistula. ERCP was performed via a duodenoscope passed through the LAMS. Results The technical success of EUS-TG was 100 % (13/13). ERCP through the LAMS was successful and clinical success was achieved in all patients. LAMS dislodgement during ERCP occurred in two patients and the stent was successfully repositioned without sequelae. After removal of the LAMS, the fistula was closed in 92 % of patients, either by endoscopic closure devices or argon plasma coagulation. None of the patients experienced procedure-related adverse events. Conclusion EUS-TG is an effective and safe method of accessing the excluded stomach and performing ERCP in patients with RYGB. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  8. Liver Function in Patients With Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease Randomized to Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass Versus Sleeve Gastrectomy: A Secondary Analysis of a Randomized Clinical Trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kalinowski, Piotr; Paluszkiewicz, Rafał; Ziarkiewicz-Wróblewska, Bogna; Wróblewski, Tadeusz; Remiszewski, Piotr; Grodzicki, Mariusz; Krawczyk, Marek

    2017-11-01

    The aim of the study was to compare the influence of sleeve gastrectomy (SG) versus Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) on liver function in bariatric patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in a randomized clinical trial (NCT01806506). Rapid weight loss and malabsorption after bariatric surgery in patients with NAFLD or steatohepatitis (NASH) may impair liver function. Sixty-six morbidly obese patients randomized to SG or RYGB were included in a secondary outcome analysis. Intraoperative liver biopsies were categorized with NAFLD Activity Score (NAS) and liver function tests were done before surgery and after 1, 6 and 12 months. NASH was present in 54.5% RYGB and 51.5% SG patients (P > 0.05). At 12 months excess weight loss was 68.7 ± 19.7% after SG and 62.8 ± 18.5% after RYGB (P > 0.05). At 1 month international normalized ratio (INR) increased after RYGB (0.98 ± 0.05 vs 1.14 ± 0.11; P liver function than after SG.

  9. WEIGHT LOSS AND NUTRITIONAL ANEMIA IN PATIENTS SUBMITTED TO ROUX-EN-Y GASTRIC BYPASS ON USE OF VITAMIN AND MINERAL SUPPLEMENTATION

    Science.gov (United States)

    RAMOS, Natalia Maria Coutinho Pinheiro de Jesus; MAGNO, Fernanda Cristina Carvalho Mattos; COHEN, Larissa; ROSADO, Eliane Lopes; CARNEIRO, João Régis Ivar

    2015-01-01

    Background Obesity is a chronic disease with high growth in population and bariatric surgery is currently considered the most effective treatment for weight reduction; on the other hand, nutritional deficiencies are observed after this procedure. Aim To analyze weight loss progression and nutritional anemia in patients submitted to Roux-en-Y gastric bypass on use of vitamin and mineral supplementation. Methods Retrospective analysis of 137 patients of both sexes, aged between 18-60 years, using supplemental multivitamins and minerals, were included; personal information, anthropometric and laboratory data in the preoperative, 12, 24, 36 and 48 months postoperatively were collected. Results Postoperatively, in both sexes, occurred weight loss compared to the pre-operative weight gain at 48 months and maintenance of body mass index. There was a decrease in the percentage of excess weight loss at 48 months postoperatively compared to the time of 12, 24 and 36 months in men and decreased at 48 postoperative months compared to the time of 24 months in females. There was a decreased in serum ferritin in both sexes and increased serum iron at 48 months postoperatively in males. There was a decreased in vitamin B12 and folic acid increased serum at 48 postoperative months in females. Conclusions Surgical treatment was effective for reducing weight, body mass index reduction and achievement of success in the late postoperative period along with multivitamin and mineral supplementation on prevention of serious nutritional deficiencies and anemia. PMID:25861069

  10. Single Balloon Enteroscopy-Assisted ERCP Using Rendezvous Technique for Sharp Angulation of Roux-en-Y Limb in a Patient with Bile Duct Stones

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Takao Itoi

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The acute angulation of Roux-en-Y (R-Y limb precludes endoscopic access for endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP even using a balloon enteroscopy. Here, we describe a case of successful single balloon enteroscopy (SBE-assisted ERCP using a rendezvous technique in a patient with sharply angulated R-Y limb in a 79-year-old woman who had bile duct stones. Method. At first, a guidewire was passed antegradely through the major papilla after the needle puncture using percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage technique. A hydrophilic guidewire with an ERCP catheter was antegradely advanced beyond the Roux limb. After a guidewire was firmly grasped by a snare forceps, it was pulled out of the body, resulting that the enteroscope could advance to the papilla. After papillary dilation, complete removal of bile duct stones was achieved without any procedure-related complication. In conclusion, although further study is needed, SBE-assisted ERCP using a rendezvous technique may have a potential for selected patients.

  11. Fasting and post-prandial peptide YY levels in obese patients before and after mini versus Roux-en-Y gastric bypass.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dardzińska, Jolanta A; Kaska, Łukasz; Wiśniewski, Piotr; Aleksandrowicz-Wrona, Ewa; Małgorzewicz, Sylwia

    2017-02-01

    BACKGROUNDː The mechanisms underlying the metabolic effect of surgical treatment for morbid obesity are still unclear. Furthermore, the hormonal and metabolic response to the promising and less-invasive version of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB), i.e. mini gastric bypass (MGB), is poorly known. The aim of this study was to evaluate pre- and postprandial changes in peptide YY (PYY) and metabolic parameters in obese patients without diabetes and cardiovascular complications treated by both versions of gastric bypass. METHODSː Venous blood for PYY and other assays was collected three months before and six months after bariatric operation (MGB and RYGB), in the fasting state and two hours after the consumption of a standard 300-kcal mixed meal (Nutridrink Standard, Nutricia Advanced Medical Nutrition, part of the Danone company, Schiphol, The Netherlands). RESULTSː In the MGB group, elevated concentrations of the PYY has been detected both fasting and postprandially. The effect of the MGB on the PYY levels did not differ from the RYGB group outcomes. CONCLUSIONSː The results of our study suggest similar endocrine and metabolic effects of MGB and RYGB procedures. Long-term efficacy and metabolic benefits of MGB require further research.

  12. H. PYLORI INFECTION, ENDOSCOPIC, HISTOLOGICAL ASPECTS AND CELL PROLIFERATION IN THE GASTRIC MUCOSA OF PATIENTS SUBMITTED TO ROUX-EN-Y GASTRIC BYPASS WITH CONTENTION RING: a cross sectional endoscopic and immunohistochemical study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thiago De Bortoli NOGUEIRA

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Background Morbid obesity treatment through vertical gastroplasty Roux-en-Y gastric bypass initially used a contention ring. However, this technique may create conditions to the development of potentially malign alterations in the gastric mucosa. Although effective and previously performed in large scale, this technique needs to be better evaluated in long-term studies regarding alterations caused in the gastric mucosa. Objective To analyze the preoperative and postoperative endoscopic, histological and cell proliferation findings in the gastric antrum and body mucosa of patients submitted to the Roux-en-Y gastric bypass with a contention ring. Methods We retrospectively evaluated all patients submitted to Roux-en-Y gastric bypass with a contention ring with more than 60 months of postoperative follow-up. We compared the preoperative (gastric antrum and body and postoperative (gastric pouch gastric mucosa endoscopic findings, cell proliferation index and H. pylori prevalence. We evaluated cell proliferation through Ki-67 antibody immunohistochemical expression. Results In the study period, 33 patients were operated with the Roux-en-Y gastric bypass using a contention ring. We found a chronic gastritis rate of 69.7% in the preoperative period (gastric antrum and body and 84.8% in the postoperative (gastric pouch. H. pylori was present in 18.2% of patients in the preoperative period (gastric antrum and body and in 57.5% in the postoperative (gastric pouch. Preoperative cell proliferation index was 18.1% in the gastric antrum and 16.2% in the gastric body, and 23.8% in the postoperative gastric pouch. The postoperative cell proliferation index in the gastric pouch was significantly higher (P=0.001 than in the preoperative gastric antrum and body. Higher cell proliferation index and chronic gastritis intensity were significantly associated to H. pylori presence (P=0.001 and P=0.02, respectively. Conclusion After Roux-en-Y gastric bypass

  13. Achalasia 5 years following Roux-en-y gastric bypass

    OpenAIRE

    Torghabeh, Mehyar Hefazi; Afaneh, Cheguevara; Saif, Taha; Dakin, Gregory F.

    2015-01-01

    Oesophageal achalasia is a rare, but serious condition in which the motility of the lower oesophageal sphincter (LES) is inhibited. This disorder of idiopathic aetiology complicates the peristaltic function and relaxation of the LES that may cause symptoms such as dysphagia, epigastric pain, and regurgitation of an obstructed food. The following case describes achalasia in a patient 5 years following a laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). The patient underwent a laparoscopic Heller m...

  14. Long-Term (7 Years Follow-Up of Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass on Obese Adolescent Patients (<18 Years

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramon Vilallonga

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Background: Few data are available about obesity surgery in adolescent patients. Objective: To assess long-term outcomes after laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB in patients Setting: University Hospital, Europe. Methods: A retrospective study of prospectively collected data of patients Results: 19 (12 females of the 28 patients (67.9% were available for follow-up. Preoperatively, 3 had type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM, 1 arterial hypertension, 5 dyslipidemia and 1 sleep apnea. In the ChG, average BMI after 7 years dropped from 38.9 kg/m2 preoperatively to 27.5 kg/m2. In the AdG, average BMI decreased from 39.4 to 27.1 kg/m2 in the same time period (nonsignificant between groups. One patient in the ChG needed a reoperation (internal hernia versus 3 patients in the AdG (1 leak, 2 obstructions. All patients resolved their initial comorbidities. Two of 12 female patients in the ChG became pregnant 6 and 8 years after surgery, respectively, despite seemingly adequate oral contraception. Compliance with postoperative guidelines was good in 16/19 patients in ChG and in 14/18 patients in the AdG. Overall degree of satisfaction was high: 8.2/10 (SD 1.2, range 6-10 in the ChG and 8.9/10 (SD 1.7, range 5-10 in the AdG. Conclusion: LRYGB seems to be safe, provide good weight loss, and cure comorbidities in an adolescent population. Satisfaction degree is high. Inadvertent pregnancy despite conventional contraception is a possible issue.

  15. Different effects of vertical banded gastroplasty and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass on meal inhibition of ghrelin secretion in morbidly obese patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foschi, D; Corsi, F; Colombo, F; Vago, T; Bevilaqua, M; Rizzi, A; Trabucchi, E

    2008-01-01

    A decrease in ghrelin plasma levels in morbidly obese patients subjected to bariatric surgery has been considered to help increase body weight loss. Contradictory results have been described after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGBP), and no study to date has compared RYGBP and vertical banded gastroplasty (VBG), the two main operations performed in the United States. We investigated the effects of RYGBP (10 patients) and VBG (12 patients) on basal and postmeal ghrelin plasma levels in 22 morbidly obese patients (20 F and 2 M), mean age 42.1 +/- 3.7 years, mean weight 115 +/- 3.9 kg, mean body mass index (BMI) 43.5 +/- 1.7. Before surgery and after a 20% reduction in BMI, ghrelin concentrations (pg/mL; radioimmunoassay [RIA], DRG Diagnostics, Germany) were measured in all patients 45 min before and for 3 h after a standard liquid meal (Osmolite RTH solution, 500 mL, 504 kcal). The results were expressed as mean +/- SD. Differences between times and groups were evaluated by Student's t-test and one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA). We found that basal ghrelin plasma levels were reduced after RYGBP (to 73.1 +/- 6 pg/mL, p ghrelin plasma levels decreased significantly over 1 h in VBG patients, whereas they remained unchanged in RYGBP patients. Since these results were obtained under the same metabolic and anthropometric conditions, we conclude that RYGBP acts through permanent inhibition of ghrelin secretion, whereas VBG merely restores the mechanisms of ghrelin regulation by nutrients.

  16. Gut hormones, early dumping and resting energy expenditure in patients with good and poor weight loss response after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dirksen, C; Jørgensen, N B; Bojsen-Møller, K N; Kielgast, U; Jacobsen, S H; Clausen, T R; Worm, D; Hartmann, B; Rehfeld, J F; Damgaard, M; Madsen, J L; Madsbad, S; Holst, J J; Hansen, D L

    2013-11-01

    To identify factors contributing to the variation in weight loss after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). Cross-sectional study of patients with good (excess body mass index lost (EBL) >60%) and poor weight loss response (EBL 12 months after RYGB and a lean control group matched for age and gender. Sixteen patients with good weight loss response, 17 patients with poor weight loss response, and eight control subjects were included in the study. Participants underwent dual energy X-ray absorptiometry scan, indirect calorimetry and a 9 h multiple-meal test with measurements of glucose, insulin, total bile acids (TBA), glucagon-like peptide (GLP)-1, peptide YY3-36 (PYY), cholecystokinin (CCK), ghrelin, neurotensin and pancreatic polypeptide (PP) as well as assessment of early dumping and appetite. Suppression of hunger was more pronounced in the good than the poor responders in response to the multiple-meal test (P=0.006). In addition, the good responders had a larger release of GLP-1 (P=0.009) and a greater suppression of ghrelin (P=0.037) during the test, whereas the postprandial secretion of CCK was highest in the poor responders (P=0.005). PYY, neurotensin, PP and TBA release did not differ between the RYGB-operated groups. Compared with control subjects, patients had exaggerated release of GLP-1 (Pdumping was comparable in the good and poor responders, but more pronounced than in controlled subjects. Differences in resting energy expenditure between the three groups were entirely explained by differences in body composition. Favorable meal-induced changes in hunger and gut hormone release in patients with good compared with poor weight loss response support the role of gut hormones in the weight loss after RYGB.

  17. The Association Between Weight Loss and Quality of Life 1 and 5 Years After Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass in Danish Bariatric Patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gustafson, Maria Biehl; El-Jashi, Rima; Birn, Ida; Mechlenburg, Inger; Larsen, Jens Fromholt

    2017-12-22

    Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) is effective to achieve significant weight loss, as well as improvement of comorbidity and quality of life (QoL) in obese patients. Several studies have examined whether weight loss can predict the change in QoL after LRYGB but results vary and follow-up is short. The aim of this study was to examine the association between weight loss and change in QoL at 1- and 5-year follow-up after LRYGB. The study was a cohort study with 1- and 5-year follow-up, based on data consecutively recorded at the Private Hospital Mølholm, Denmark. Before LRYGB (baseline), 3371 severely obese patients filled in the questionnaire that included information on weight and QoL. The patients were invited to fill in a similar questionnaire at 1- and at 5-year follow-up. The response rate at 1 and 5 years was 71 and 63%, respectively. Among the respondents, there was a positive, significant association between weight loss and change in QoL at both 1- and 5-year follow-up after LRYGB. Weight loss and change in QoL peaked after 1 year but remained significantly different from baseline at 5-year follow-up. This study showed that weight loss after LRYGB predicts the change in QoL of patients 1 and 5 years after surgery. Furthermore, both weight loss and change in QoL peaked after 1 year but remained significant at 5-year follow-up.

  18. Reduction in cardiovascular risk factors and insulin dose, but no beta-cell regeneration 1 year after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass in an obese patient with type 1 diabetes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dirksen, Carsten; Jacobsen, Siv H; Bojsen-Møller, Kirstine N

    2013-01-01

    Experience with Roux-en-Y gastric bypass in patients with type 1 diabetes is very limited, despite an increasing prevalence of obesity also in this population. We describe changes in anthropometric measures, insulin dose, HbA1c, blood pressure, lipid status, and metabolic response to a liquid mixed...... meal throughout the first year after RYGB in an obese patient with type 1 diabetes. No change in HbA1c was observed, but a 48% reduction in weight-adjusted insulin dose and improvements in cardiovascular risk factors was seen 1 year after surgery. Exaggerated secretions of anorexigenic gut hormones...

  19. Elevated fasting and postprandial C-terminal telopeptide after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maghsoodi, Negar; Alaghband-Zadeh, Jamshid; Cross, Gemma F; Werling, Malin; Fändriks, Lars; Docherty, Neil G; Olbers, Torsten; Dew, Tracy; Sherwood, Roy A; Vincent, Royce P; le Roux, Carel W

    2017-07-01

    Background Roux-en-Y gastric bypass increases circulating bile acid concentrations, known mediators of postprandial suppression of markers of bone resorption. Long-term data, however, indicate that Roux-en-Y gastric bypass confers an increased risk of bone loss on recipients. Methods Thirty-six obese individuals, median age 44 (26-64) with median body mass index at baseline of 42.5 (40.4-46) were studied before and 15 months after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. After an overnight fast, patients received a 400 kcal mixed meal. Blood samples were collected premeal then at 30-min periods for 120 min. Pre and postmeal samples were analysed for total bile acids, parathyroid hormone and C-terminal telopeptide. Results Body weight loss post Roux-en-Y gastric bypass was associated with a median 4.9-fold increase in peak postprandial total bile acid concentration, and a median 2.4-fold increase in cumulative food evoked bile acid response. Median fasting parathyroid hormone, postprandial reduction in parathyroid hormone and total parathyroid hormone release over 120 min remained unchanged after surgery. After surgery, median fasting C-terminal telopeptide increased 2.3-fold, peak postprandial concentrations increased 3.8-fold and total release was increased 1.9-fold. Conclusions Fasting and postprandial total bile acids and C-terminal telopeptide are increased above reference range after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. These changes occur in spite of improved vitamin D status with supplementation. These results suggest that post-Roux-en-Y gastric bypass increases in total bile acids do not effectively oppose an ongoing resorptive signal operative along the gut-bone axis. Serial measurement of C-terminal telopeptide may be of value as a risk marker for long-term skeletal pathology in patients post Roux-en-Y gastric bypass.

  20. Revision to malabsorptive Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (MRNYGBP) provides long-term (10 years) durable weight loss in patients with failed anatomically intact gastric restrictive operations: long-term effectiveness of a malabsorptive Roux-en-Y gastric bypass in salvaging patients with poor weight loss or complications following gastroplasty and adjustable gastric bands.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Srikanth, Myur Srinivasan; Oh, Ki Hyun; Fox, Samuel Ross

    2011-07-01

    Twenty percent of gastric restrictive operations require revision. Conversion to Proximal Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (PRNYGBP) is associated with weight regain. Forty-one percent of these fail to achieve a body mass index (BMI) gastric restrictive operation (S1) at least a year out from revision (S2) to a MRNYGBP: small lesser curve 22 ± 10 (11-55) cm(3) pouch, long biliopancreatic limb, 150 cm alimentary limb, 141 ± 24 (102-190) cm common channel. Staple-line disruptions were excluded. Thirty-eight (37 F, 1 M) patients aged 46 ± 8 (17-56) years underwent conversion to a MRYGBP 8 ± 5 (2-23) years after: gastroplasty 25, adjustable gastric band 13 for weight regain (79%), gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD; 29%), and band problems (24%). S1 provided only 24 ± 25% excess weight loss (EWL; 5.9 ± 6.3 BMI drop) and caused GERD in 32% of patients (p = 0.0124). There were no deaths or leaks. BMI dropped from 41.4 ± 7.8 to 27.3 ± 5.6 (down 20.5 ± 8.3 from S1), 80.1 ± 23.3% EWL (n = 32) at year 1 (p gastric restrictive operations. Non-compliant patients are at a higher risk for malnutrition, anemia, and osteoporosis.

  1. Korean OBEsity Surgical Treatment Study (KOBESS): protocol of a prospective multicentre cohort study on obese patients undergoing laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Young Suk; Park, Do Joong; Lee, Joo Ho; Lee, Hyuk-Joon; Ha, Tae Kyung; Kim, Yong-Jin; Ryu, Seung-Wan; Han, Sang-Moon; Yoo, Moon-Won; Park, Sungsoo; Han, Sang-Uk; Heo, Yoonseok

    2017-10-16

    Bariatric surgery effectively induces long-term weight loss in Western populations. However, its effectiveness in Asians remains to be confirmed objectively. The Korean Society for Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery proposes the first prospective cohort study on Koreans undergoing bariatric surgery. The Korean OBEsity Surgical treatment Study (KOBESS) is a prospective, multicentre, single-arm, observational, cohort study on morbidly obese patients who undergo primary sleeve gastrectomy or Roux-en-Y gastric bypass in Korea. In total, 100 consecutive obese Asian patients who will undergo bariatric surgery will be recruited in 2016-2017; follow-up will be for 1 year. Primary outcomes are change in body weight and waist circumference at 1 year. All patients will undergo anthropometry, laboratory tests, bioelectrical impedance analysis, gastrofibroscopy, polysomnography and fat-measuring CT before and after surgery. Patients with diabetes will also undergo perioperative oral glucose tolerance and endocrinological hormone tests. Hypertensive patients will also undergo perioperative echocardiography and carotid Doppler ultrasonography. Female patients suspected of having polycystic ovarian syndrome will also undergo perioperative hormone tests and abdominal ultrasonography. Visceral and subcutaneous fat will be harvested during surgery. Blood, stool and urine samples will be taken at various perioperative time points. Although the cohort is small and the follow-up duration is relatively short, this study will determine whether bariatric surgery induces satisfactory weight loss in obese Koreans. Significantly, the tissue samples will also facilitate many studies examining the effects of bariatric surgery and their mechanisms. Ethics approval was obtained from the institutional review board of each participating hospital. All findings arising from this cohort study will be published in open-access peer-reviewed journals and will be presented at national and international

  2. Roux-en-Y fistulo-jejunostomy as a salvage procedure in patients with post-sleeve gastrectomy fistula: mid-term results.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chouillard, Elie; Younan, Antoine; Alkandari, Mubarak; Daher, Ronald; Dejonghe, Bernard; Alsabah, Salman; Biagini, Jean

    2016-10-01

    Sleeve gastrectomy (SG) is currently the most commonly performed bariatric procedure in France. It achieves both adequate excess weight loss and significant reduction in comorbidities. However, fistula is still the most common complication after SG, occurring in more than 3 % of cases, even in specialized centers (Gagner and Buchwald in Surg Obes Relat Dis 10:713-723. doi: 10.1016/j.soard.2014.01.016 , 2014). Its management is not standardized, long, and challenging. We have already reported the short-term results of Roux-en-Y fistulo-jejunostomy (RYFJ) as a salvage procedure in patients with post-SG fistula (Chouillard et al. in Surg Endosc 28:1954-1960 doi: 10.1007/s00464-014-3424-y , 2014). In this study, we analyzed the mid-term results of the RYFJ emphasizing its endoscopic, radiologic, and safety outcome. Between January 2007 and December 2013, we treated 75 patients with post-SG fistula, mainly referred from other centers. Immediate management principles included computerized tomography (CT) scan-guided drainage of collections or surgical peritoneal lavage, nutritional support, and endoscopic stenting. Ultimately, this approach achieved fistula control in nearly two-thirds of the patients. In the remaining third, RYFJ was proposed, eventually leading to fistula control in all cases. The mid-term results (i.e., more than 1 year after surgery) were assessed using anamnesis, clinical evaluation, biology tests, upper digestive tract endoscopy, and IV-enhanced CT scan with contrast upper series. Thirty patients (22 women and 8 men) had RYFJ for post-SG fistula. Mean age was 40 years (range 22-59). Procedures were performed laparoscopically in all but 3 cases (90 %). Three patients (10 %) were lost to follow-up. Mean follow-up period was 22 months (18-90). Mean body mass index (BMI) was 27.4 kg/m(2) (22-41). Endoscopic and radiologic assessment revealed no persistent fistula and no residual collections. Despite the lack of long-term follow-up, RYFJ could be

  3. Reoperation risk following the first operation for internal herniation in patients with laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Danshøj Kristensen, S; Jess, P; Floyd, A K

    2016-01-01

    of this study was to investigate a possible increased risk of subsequent operations after an initial IH or IIH event. METHODS: This long-term follow-up study of patients who had surgery for an initial IH or IIH event in 2006-2011, based on the Danish National Patient Registry (NPR), was performed to 2013...... event, and three (0·8 per cent) a fourth event requiring surgery. CONCLUSION: Patients who have surgery for IH or IIH have a substantial risk of needing further operations....... operation. Twenty-seven (26·5 (18·9 to 35·8) per cent) of these 102 patients had a third operation, and five (19 (8 to 37) per cent) of the 27 had a fourth operation. Of the 383 patients diagnosed with an initial IH or IIH event, 72 (18·8 per cent) had a second IH/IIH event, 14 (3·7 per cent) had a third...

  4. Subclinical hypothyroidism and its relation to obesity in patients before and after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Janssen, I.M.C.; Homan, J.; Schijns, W.; Betzel, B; Aarts, E.O.; Berends, F.J.; Boer, H

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Subclinical hypothyroidism (SH), defined as a raised serum thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) with a normal free thyroxine (FT4), is occasionally observed in morbidly obese patients. OBJECTIVES: It is currently not known whether thyroid hormone treatment is indicated. The aim of the

  5. Prospective randomized trial comparing Billroth I and Roux-en-Y procedures after distal gastrectomy for gastric carcinoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ishikawa, Makoto; Kitayama, Joji; Kaizaki, Shoichi; Nakayama, Hiroshi; Ishigami, Hironori; Fujii, Shin; Suzuki, Hiroyuki; Inoue, Tomomi; Sako, Akihiro; Asakage, Masahiro; Yamashita, Hiroharu; Hatono, Kenji; Nagawa, Hirokazu

    2005-11-01

    To determine the clinical efficacy of Roux-en-Y reconstruction (RY) after distal gastrectomy, we compared postoperative outcomes of patients who underwent RY or conventional Billroth I reconstruction (B-I). A total of 50 patients were prospectively randomized to either B-I or RY reconstruction, and complications, postoperative course, and nutritional status were compared. Bile reflux and inflammation in the remnant stomach and lower esophagus were evaluated by postoperative follow-up endoscopy at 6 months. Operative time and blood loss as well as postoperative nutrition did not show significant differences between the two groups. As anticipated, 5 of 24 patients with RY reconstruction developed gastrojejunal stasis in the early postoperative period, which led to a longer postoperative hospital stay as compared with the B-I group (mean +/- S.D; B-I; 19.0 +/- 6.2, RY; 31.8 +/- 21.7 days) (P gastritis, but it did not prevent esophagitis. Because RY reconstruction induces the frequent complication of Roux-en-Y stasis, causing longer postoperative hospital stay, this method has limited advantages over B-I anastomosis after distal gastrectomy.

  6. Effect of Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy vs Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass on Weight Loss at 5 Years Among Patients With Morbid Obesity: The SLEEVEPASS Randomized Clinical Trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salminen, Paulina; Helmiö, Mika; Ovaska, Jari; Juuti, Anne; Leivonen, Marja; Peromaa-Haavisto, Pipsa; Hurme, Saija; Soinio, Minna; Nuutila, Pirjo; Victorzon, Mikael

    2018-01-16

    Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy for treatment of morbid obesity has increased substantially despite the lack of long-term results compared with laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. To determine whether laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy and laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass are equivalent for weight loss at 5 years in patients with morbid obesity. The Sleeve vs Bypass (SLEEVEPASS) multicenter, multisurgeon, open-label, randomized clinical equivalence trial was conducted from March 2008 until June 2010 in Finland. The trial enrolled 240 morbidly obese patients aged 18 to 60 years, who were randomly assigned to sleeve gastrectomy or gastric bypass with a 5-year follow-up period (last follow-up, October 14, 2015). Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (n = 121) or laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (n = 119). The primary end point was weight loss evaluated by percentage excess weight loss. Prespecified equivalence margins for the clinical significance of weight loss differences between gastric bypass and sleeve gastrectomy were -9% to +9% excess weight loss. Secondary end points included resolution of comorbidities, improvement of quality of life (QOL), all adverse events (overall morbidity), and mortality. Among 240 patients randomized (mean age, 48 [SD, 9] years; mean baseline body mass index, 45.9, [SD, 6.0]; 69.6% women), 80.4% completed the 5-year follow-up. At baseline, 42.1% had type 2 diabetes, 34.6% dyslipidemia, and 70.8% hypertension. The estimated mean percentage excess weight loss at 5 years was 49% (95% CI, 45%-52%) after sleeve gastrectomy and 57% (95% CI, 53%-61%) after gastric bypass (difference, 8.2 percentage units [95% CI, 3.2%-13.2%], higher in the gastric bypass group) and did not meet criteria for equivalence. Complete or partial remission of type 2 diabetes was seen in 37% (n = 15/41) after sleeve gastrectomy and in 45% (n = 18/40) after gastric bypass (P > .99). Medication for dyslipidemia was discontinued in 47% (n

  7. Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass in super obese Göttingen minipigs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Birck, Malene Muusfeldt; Vegge, Andreas; Støckel, Mikael

    2013-01-01

    The specific mechanisms behind weight loss and comorbidity improvements in obese patients after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGBP) are still poorly understood. The aim of this study was to establish and evaluate the feasibility of a long-term survival RYGBP model in super obese Göttingen minipigs...

  8. Prevalence of early dumping syndrome after primary Roux-en-Y gastric bypass

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wijma, Ragnhild; Emous, Marloes; Wolthuis, Albert; Totté, Erik; Van Beek, André

    2015-01-01

    Background: Although early dumping syndrome is a well-known complication after Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass (RYGB), data on the long-term prevalence are limited and inconclusive. This study aims to describe the prevalence of early dumping syndrome in patients 3 to 6 years after primary RYGB, using 3

  9. Treatment of giant hiatal hernia by laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    L.E. Duinhouwer (Lucia); L.U. Biter (L. Ulas); B.P.L. Wijnhoven (Bas); G.H.H. Mannaerts (Guido)

    2015-01-01

    textabstractIntroduction Obesity is a risk factor for hiatal hernia. In addition, much higher recurrence rates are reported after standard surgical treatment of hiatal hernia in morbidly obese patients. Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) is an effective surgical treatment for morbid

  10. Achalasia 5 years following Roux-en-y gastric bypass

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehyar Hefazi Torghabeh

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Oesophageal achalasia is a rare, but serious condition in which the motility of the lower oesophageal sphincter (LES is inhibited. This disorder of idiopathic aetiology complicates the peristaltic function and relaxation of the LES that may cause symptoms such as dysphagia, epigastric pain, and regurgitation of an obstructed food. The following case describes achalasia in a patient 5 years following a laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB. The patient underwent a laparoscopic Heller myotomy without a fundoplication. Although achalasia seems to be a rare occurrence in obese patients, this is the third case documented in a patient who previously had an RYGB. The role of performing a fundoplication in these patients remains to be elucidated.

  11. Achalasia 5 years following Roux-en-y gastric bypass

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torghabeh, Mehyar Hefazi; Afaneh, Cheguevara; Saif, Taha; Dakin, Gregory F.

    2015-01-01

    Oesophageal achalasia is a rare, but serious condition in which the motility of the lower oesophageal sphincter (LES) is inhibited. This disorder of idiopathic aetiology complicates the peristaltic function and relaxation of the LES that may cause symptoms such as dysphagia, epigastric pain, and regurgitation of an obstructed food. The following case describes achalasia in a patient 5 years following a laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). The patient underwent a laparoscopic Heller myotomy without a fundoplication. Although achalasia seems to be a rare occurrence in obese patients, this is the third case documented in a patient who previously had an RYGB. The role of performing a fundoplication in these patients remains to be elucidated. PMID:26195880

  12. Chyloperitoneum after laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hidalgo, Jesús E; Ramirez, Alexander; Patel, Sheetal; Acholonu, Emeka; Eckstein, Jeremy; Abu-Jaish, Wasef; Szomstein, Samuel; Rosenthal, Raul J

    2010-02-01

    A true chylous effusion is defined as the presence of ascitic fluid with high fat (triglyceride) content, usually higher than 110 mg/dl. We report a case of chyloperitoneum following laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) in a 40-year-old patient who was admitted for surgery on May 31, 2007. On August 2008 an abdominal CT with contrast was ordered for chronic abdominal pain showing diffuse ascites as well as mesenteric adenitis. On September 2008, the patient was admitted to the hospital. An elective diagnostic laparoscopy was scheduled. A large amount of chylous fluid was found. Microscopic analysis came back negative. The patient made an uneventful recovery after surgery. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of chylous ascites following LRYGB. Chyloperitoneum should be considered as a possible cause of ascites in patients with chronic small bowel obstruction following a LRYGB.

  13. Elevated serum parathormone after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diniz, Maria de Fátima Haueisen Sander; Diniz, Marco Túlio Costa; Sanches, Soraya Rodrigues Almeida; Salgado, Patrícia Paz Cabral de Almeida; Valadão, Maristane Mendes Andrade; Araújo, Flávia Caldeira; Martins, Daniele Siríaco; Rocha, Alexandre Lages Savassi

    2004-10-01

    Abnormalities in calcium and vitamin D metabolism are observed early after gastric bypass, whereas clinical or biochemical evidence of metabolic bone disease might not be detected until many years after the procedure. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the impact of bariatric surgery on bone metabolism determined on the basis of postoperative laboratory changes in calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, alkaline phosphatase and parathormone (PTH) levels. 110 patients submitted to Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGBP) were followed after surgery, and the following parameters were determined: intact PTH molecule (PTHi; chemiluminescence), alkaline phosphatase (colorimetric method), ionic calcium (selective electrode), phosphorus and magnesium (colorimetric method). Elevated serum PTHi levels were observed in 29% of the patients and hypocalcemia in 0.9% from the 3rd postoperative month and afterwards (3 to 80 months after surgery). There is a need for careful evaluation of bone metabolism and for routine calcium replacement after RYGBP.

  14. Using the hyperinsulinemic euglycemic clamp to assess insulin sensitivity at 3 months following Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery in type 2 diabetes patients with BMI <35 kg/m2 in China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Lei; Zhu, Liyong; Su, Zhihong; Liu, Yong; Li, Pengzhou; Yang, Xiangwu; Li, Weizheng; Tan, Lingjie; Sun, Xulong; Zhu, Shaihong

    2017-02-01

    The aim of this study was to describe short-time effect of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) on insulin sensitivity (IS) of Chinese diabetes patients with body mass index (BMI) clamp. We studied 15 type 2 diabete mellitus (T2DM) patients with BMI clamp were performed at baseline and at 3 months after LRYGB. The glucose disposal rate (M value) increased significantly at 3 months after RYGB (from 3.36 ± 1.26 mg kg-1 min-1 to 6.30 ± 1.3 mg kg-1 min-1, p clamp reduced remarkably from baseline to 3 months after RYGB (from 114.40 ± 6.11 min to 97.93 ± 8.57 min, p clamp may be an useful index of assessing insulin sensitivity. It is more reasonal to combine the time to reach euglycemia with M value for assessing IS. Copyright © 2016 IJS Publishing Group Ltd. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  15. Effects of Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass on Fasting and Postprandial Levels of the Inflammatory Markers YKL-40 and MCP-1 in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes and Glucose Tolerant Subjects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stine Brinkløv Thomsen

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. The inflammatory markers YKL-40 and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1 are elevated in morbidly obese patients and decline after weight loss. The objective of our study was to investigate the possible changes of YKL-40 and MCP-1, in both the fasting and the postprandial states, following Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB in subjects with type 2 diabetes (T2D and normal glucose tolerance (NGT. Methods. Ten obese patients with T2D and 10 subjects with NGT were examined in the fasting state and after a standard meal prior to and after (1 week, 3 months, and 1 year RYGB. Results. Fasting state MCP-1 levels decreased after RYGB in both groups (P values < 0.0001 whereas fasting YKL-40 levels were unchanged (P values ≥ 0.120. Postprandial MCP-1 levels showed a tendency towards a decrease on most study days; however, the changes were only significant at 1 week (P=0.001 and 1 yr (P<0.0001 in the T2D group and at 3 mo after RYGB in the NGT group (P=0.009. YKL-40 levels showed a slight, postprandial suppression on all study days in the T2D group (all P values ≤ 0.021. Conclusions. Fasting MCP-1 levels, but not YKL-40 levels, decrease after RYGB in subjects with T2D and NGT. Postprandial changes of inflammatory markers are discrete and inconsistent.

  16. CT findings in Petersen’s hernia as a complication of bariatric surgery with a Roux-en-Y gastric bypass

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mauricio Álvares Salum Ximenes

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: To describe tomographic findings in Petersen’s herniaassociated with laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery.Methods: Two radiologists, experts in abdominal radiology,independently and retrospectively reviewed four cases of Petersen’shernia confirmed surgically in three patients, between March 2007and July 2008, who had undergone laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastricbypass surgery with an antecolic anastomosis for treating morbidobesity. The main imaging findings were the presence and locationof abdominal distention, the herniated intestinal loop segment, thepresence of mesenteric vessel rotation and haziness of mesentericfat, the position of the Treitz angle ligament and the course of theileum. Results: In all cases, abdominal distention was located inthe upper abdomen; the herniated jejunal loop was located abovethe gastric level; mesenteric vessel rotation was associated withmesenteric fat haziness; the middle/distal ileum descended from theleft hypochondrium; and the Treiz angle was displaced anteriorly andto the right. Both examiners fully agreed with the analysis of findings.Conclusions: The association of computed tomography findingsdescribed in patients with a history of bariatric surgery is a strongpredictor of Petersen’s hernia.

  17. Sex Effect on Obesity Indices and Metabolic Outcomes in Patients with Obese Obstructive Sleep Apnea and Type 2 Diabetes After Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass Surgery: a Preliminary Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Huajun; Zhang, Pin; Han, Xiaodong; Yu, Haoyong; Di, Jianzhong; Zou, Jianyin; Wang, Yuyu; Qian, Yingjun; Tu, Yinfang; Bao, Yuqian; Yi, Hongliang; Guan, Jian; Yin, Shankai; Jia, Weiping

    2016-11-01

    Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery is an effective therapy for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). However, little attention has been paid to the treatment goals systematically stratified by sex. The objective of this study was to assess how sex differences affect obesity indices and metabolic outcomes after RYGB surgery. A sleep questionnaire was conducted and medical histories were taken. Full-night polysomnography (PSG), anthropometric variables, and blood samples were collected. Thirty-five consecutive patients with OSA who underwent laparoscopic RYGB surgery were prospectively examined for at least 6 months were included in the study. Significant improvements (p sleep parameters (except for micro-arousal), obesity indices, and metabolic outcomes [except low-density lipoprotein in men and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) in women] were obtained in men and women with OSA. Men had higher baseline triglyceride (TG) (p Sleep parameters, obesity indices, and metabolic outcomes after RYGB surgery were of similar magnitude in women and men with OSA. Alleviating sleep and obesity problems was correlated with metabolic outcomes in men and women.

  18. J-pouch versus Roux-en-Y reconstruction after gastrectomy: functional assessment and quality of life (randomized trial).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zonča, Pavel; Malý, Tomáš; Ihnát, Peter; Peteja, Matus; Kraft, Otakar; Kuca, Kamil

    2017-01-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the quality of life and functional emptying of J-pouch versus Roux-en-Y reconstruction after total gastrectomy for malignancy. This study was designed as a prospective, nonblinded, randomized, parallel clinical trial (Trial Number: MN Ostrava, 200604). With informed consent, patients undergoing gastrectomy for malignancy were randomized to J-pouch or Roux-en-Y reconstruction. The time taken for a test semisolid meal labeled with 99mTc-sulfur colloid to exit the reconstructed parts was measured by dynamic scintigraphy 1 year after resection. Quality of life was measured using the Eypasch questionnaire at the same time as functional emptying assessment. This trial was investigator-initiated. In all, 72 patients were included into the study. The time taken for the test meal to exit the postgastrectomy reconstruction was 16.5±10.0 minutes (mean ± standard deviation) in the Roux-en-Y group and 89.4±37.8 minutes in the "J-pouch" group; the difference was statistically significant (PJ-pouch appeared to be a linear decreasing function compared to the exponential pattern seen in the Roux-en-Y group. The quality of life measurement showed scores of 106±18.8 points (mean ± standard deviation) in the Roux-en-Y group compared to 122±22.5 points in the J-pouch group; the difference was statistically significant (P=0.0016). There were no important adverse events. After total gastrectomy, a J-pouch reconstruction empties more slowly and is associated with higher quality of life compared to Roux-en-Y reconstruction. Whether these two observations have a direct causative link remains unanswered.

  19. Laparoscopic Roux En Y Esophago-Jejunostomy for Chronic Leak/Fistula After Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahmoud, Maysoon; Maasher, Ahmed; Al Hadad, Mohamed; Salim, Elnazeer; Nimeri, Abdelrahman A

    2016-03-01

    Leak following laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is one of the most serious and devastating complications. Endoscopic stents can treat most early LSG leaks, but is not as effective for chronic LSG leaks/fistulae. The surgical options to treat a chronic leak/fistula after LSG are laparoscopic Roux en Y esophago-jejunostomy (LRYEJ) or laparoscopic Roux en Y fistulo-jejunostomy. We reviewed our prospective database for all patients with leak after LSG treated with LRYEJ. We have described our algorithm for managing LSG previously. We prefer to optimize the nutritional status of patients with enteral rather than parenteral nutrition and drain all collections prior to LRYEJ. We have treated four patients utilizing our technique of LRYEJ. Initial endoscopic stent placement was attempted in all four patients (two failed to resolve (50 %) and two had distal stenosis at the incisura not amenable to endoscopic stenting). We utilized enteral feeding through either naso-jejunal (NJ) or jejunostomy tube feeding in 3/4 (75 %) of patients, and in one patient with stenosis, we could not introduce a NJ tube endoscopically due to tight stricture. This patient was placed on total parenteral nutrition (TPN) and went on to develop pulmonary embolism. None of the patient developed leak after LRYEJ. The only patient with stenosis (25 %) had antecolic LRYEJ. In contrast, all patients who had retrocolic LRYGB laparoscopically did not develop stenosis. Laparoscopic Roux en Y esophago-jejunostomy for chronic leak/fistula after is safe and effective. Preoperative enteral nutrition is important.

  20. Laparoscopic Conversion of Vertical Banded Gastroplasty into Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kassir, Radwan; Blanc, Pierre; Gugenheim, Jean; Amor, Imed Ben; Debs, Tarek; TIffet, Olivier

    2016-02-01

    Laparoscopic conversion of vertical banded gastroplasty (VBG) into Roux-en-Y gastric bypass is a technically demanding procedure. This article demonstrates the feasibility of conversion of failed VBG to Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGBP).We have a series of 15 patients who underwent conversion from VBG to RYGBP, and the results were satisfactory regarding the percent excess weight loss and the resolution of the comorbidities, without a significant increase in the complications. In patients with a difficult anatomy below the cardia, dividing the esophagus just above the esophagogastric junction and performing an esophagojejunostomy may be a safe alternative to converting to a Scopinaro-BPD. Laparoscopic conversion of failed VBG to RYGBP is safe and feasible.

  1. Duodenum-preserving resection and Roux-en-Y pancreatic jejunostomy in benign pancreatic head tumors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yuan, Chun-Hui; Tao, Ming; Jia, Yi-Mu; Xiong, Jing-Wei; Zhang, Tong-Lin; Xiu, Dian-Rong

    2014-11-28

    This study was conducted to explore the feasibility of partial pancreatic head resection and Roux-en-Y pancreatic jejunostomy for the treatment of benign tumors of the pancreatic head (BTPH). From November 2006 to February 2009, four patients (three female and one male) with a mean age of 34.3 years (range: 21-48 years) underwent partial pancreatic head resection and Roux-en-Y pancreatic jejunostomy for the treatment of BTPH (diameters of 3.2-4.5 cm) using small incisions (5.1-7.2 cm). Preoperative symptoms include one case of repeated upper abdominal pain, one case of drowsiness and two cases with no obvious preoperative symptoms. All four surgeries were successfully performed. The mean operative time was 196.8 min (range 165-226 min), and average blood loss was 138.0 mL (range: 82-210 mL). The mean postoperative hospital stay was 7.5 d (range: 7-8 d). In one case, the main pancreatic duct was injured. Pathological examination confirmed that one patient suffered from mucinous cystadenoma, one exhibited insulinoma, and two patients had solid-pseudopapillary neoplasms. There were no deaths or complications observed during the perioperative period. All patients had no signs of recurrence of the BTPH within a follow-up period of 48-76 mo and had good quality of life without diabetes. Partial pancreatic head resection with Roux-en-Y pancreatic jejunostomy is feasible in selected patients with BTPH.

  2. A one-step conversion from gastric banding to laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass is as safe as a two-step conversion: A comparative analysis of 885 patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Debergh, Isabelle; Defoort, Barbara; De Visschere, Marieke; Flahou, Silke; Van Cauwenberge, Sebastiaan; Mulier, Jan P; Dillemans, Bruno

    2016-10-01

    To achieve additional weight loss or to resolve band-related problems, a laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) can be converted to a laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). There is limited data on the feasibility and safety of routinely performing a single-step conversion. We assessed the efficacy of this revisional approach in a large cohort of patients operated in a high-volume bariatric institution. Between October 2004 and December 2015, a total of 885 patients who underwent LAGB removal with RYGB were identified from a prospectively collected database. In all cases, a single-stage conversion procedure was planned. The feasibility of this approach and peri-operative outcomes of these patients were evaluated and analyzed. A single-step approach was successfully achieved in 738 (83.4%) of the 885 patients. During the study period, there was a significant increase in performing the conversion from LAGB to RYGB single-staged. No mortality or anastomotic leakage was observed in both groups. Only 45 patients (5.1%) had a 30-d complication: most commonly hemorrhage (N = 20/45), with no significant difference between the groups. Converting a LAGB to RYGB can be performed with a very low morbidity and zero-mortality in a high-volume revisional bariatric center. With increasing experience and full standardization of the conversion, the vast majority of operations can be performed as a single-stage procedure. Only a migrated band remains a formal contraindication for a one-step approach.

  3. Billroth II with Braun Enteroenterostomy Is a Good Alternative Reconstruction to Roux-en-Y Gastrojejunostomy in Laparoscopic Distal Gastrectomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Long-Hai Cui

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Although Billroth II (BII reconstruction is simpler and faster than Billroth I or Roux-en-Y (RY reconstruction in patients undergoing totally laparoscopic distal gastrectomy (TLDG, BII reconstruction is associated with several complications, including more severe bile reflux. BII Braun anastomosis may be a better alternative to RY reconstruction. Methods. This retrospective study included 56 consecutive patients who underwent TLDG for gastric cancer, followed by BII Braun or RY reconstruction, between January 2013 and December 2015. Surgical outcomes, including length of operation, quantity of blood lost, and postoperative complications, were compared in the two groups. Results. Clinicopathological characteristics did not differ between the BII Braun and RY groups. Mean length of operation was significantly longer in the RY than the BII Braun group (157.3 min versus 134.6 min, p < 0.010, but length of hospital stay, blood loss, and complication rate did not differ between the two groups. Ileus occurred in three patients (10.0% in the RY group. Endoscopic findings 6 months after surgery showed bile reflux in seven (28% patients in the BII Braun group and five (17.2% in the RY group (p = 0.343, but no significant differences in rate of gastric residue or degree of gastritis in the remnant stomach in the two groups. Conclusions. B-II Braun anastomosis is a good alternative to RY reconstruction, reducing length of operation and ileus after TLDG.

  4. Open total gastrectomy with Roux-en-Y reconstruction for a chronic fistula after sleeve gastrectomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bruzzi, Matthieu; Douard, Richard; Voron, Thibault; Berger, Anne; Zinzindohoue, Franck; Chevallier, Jean-Marc

    2016-12-01

    Surgery appears to be the best treatment option for a chronic fistula after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG). Conservative procedures (conversion into a Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, Roux-limb placement) have proven their feasibility and efficacy, but an open total gastrectomy (TG) is sometimes required in challenging situations. To assess outcomes from 12 consecutive patients who underwent surgery for a post-sleeve gastrectomy chronic fistula (PSGCF) between January 2004 and February 2012. University public hospital, France. Patients with a PSGCF who underwent surgery were included in this retrospective study. Mortality, morbidity (i.e., Clavien-Dindo score), weight loss, and nutritional status were assessed. Twelve of 57 patients (21%) with a post-LSG leak developed a PSGCF. There were 3 men (25%). Mean age was 39±9 years and mean preoperative body mass index was 35±5 kg/m2. All 12 patients underwent an open total gastrectomy with an esojejunostomy (TG). Conservative procedures were considered but not possible. The mean follow-up period was 38±11 months. The mean delay between LSG and TG was 12±6 months. Intraoperative discovery of multiple (>2) gastric fistulas was reported in 9 patients (75%). There were no deaths, but morbidity rate was 50%. Early postoperative fistula occurred in 3 patients (anastomosis n = 1, duodenal stump n = 2). None of these patients required further surgery. The median healing time of the fistula was 37 days (range 24-53). Promising results from weight loss and nutritional status were found at the end of the follow-up. A salvage open TG is a well-tolerated and reproducible salvage procedure for cases of a PSGCF, when conservative procedures are not possible. Copyright © 2016 American Society for Bariatric Surgery. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  5. [Assessment of fetal vitality and perinatal results in pregnancies after gastroplasty with Roux-en-Y gastric bypass].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nomura, Roseli Mieko Yamamoto; Dias, Maria Carolina Gonçalves; Igai, Ana Maria Kondo; Liao, Adolfo Wenjaw; Miyadahira, Seizo; Zugaib, Marcelo

    2010-01-01

    To study fetal vitality assessed in pregnancies after gastroplasty with Roux-en-Y gastric bypass and verify maternal complications and perinatal results. Hospital charts of all pregnancies after gastroplasty with Roux-en-Y gastric bypass were reviewed retrospectively. All cases followed at the specialized prenatal care that gave birth in this institution, between July 2001 and September 2009, were reviewed. The assessment of fetal vitality (cardiotocography, fetal biophysical profile and umbilical artery Doppler velocimetry) performed in the last week before delivery were analyzed. The maternal variables investigated were: demographic data, maternal complications, mode of delivery, complications during delivery and postpartum, maternal blood exams and perinatal results. During the study period 30 pregnancies after gastroplasty with Roux-en-Y gastric bypass were identified and 24 of them had undergone assessment of fetal vitality. All patients presented normal cardiotocography, normal fetal biophysical profile and normal results at the umbilical artery Doppler velocimetry. One case presented with oligohydramnios. The main complication observed was maternal anemia (Hb gastroplasty with Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. The main maternal complication was anemia, therefore these women require specific nutritional counseling and a broad evaluation for micronutrient deficiencies at early pregnancy.

  6. Laparoscopic conversion of vertical banded gastroplasty (Mason MacLean) into Roux-en-Y gastric bypass.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iannelli, Antonio; Amato, Daniela; Addeo, Pietro; Buratti, Massimo Senni; Damhan, Moucef; Ben Amor, Imed; Sejor, Eric; Facchiano, Enrico; Gugenheim, Jean

    2008-01-01

    Revision of bariatric procedures is required in 10 to 25% of patients either for insufficient weight loss or for complications. Patients undergoing vertical banded gastroplasty (VBG; Mason MacLean) may require revision in up to half of the cases in the long term. Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGBP) is considered the procedure of choice for revision of VBG gastroplasty. Eighteen patients, 16 women and 2 men with a mean age of 41.7 years (range 27-72) and a mean BMI at 37.6 kg/m(2) (range 22.5-47), underwent laparoscopic conversion of VBG into RYGBP. Indications for revisional surgery were insufficient weight loss (11 patients), stoma stenosis (4 patients), and acid reflux (3 patients). Operative time was on average 203 min (range 60-300 min), and conversion was required in one patient (5.5%). There was no early postoperative mortality, and four patients (22.2%) developed immediate postoperative complications (gastrojejunostomy leak 1; stenosis of the gastrojejunal anastomosis 2; liver abscess 1). One patient died 6 months after conversion because of a bleeding anastomotic ulcer (late mortality 5.5%). Two patients (11.5%) developed late complications (incisional hernia 1; internal hernia 1). At a mean follow-up of 23, 4 months BMI is on average 29.8 kg/m(2) (range 22.7-37). Although revision of failed VBG into RYGBP gives good functional results, the risk of postoperative serious complications must be carefully evaluated before revision.

  7. Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus remission eighteen months after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MARCELO GOMES GIRUNDI

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Objective: to evaluate the effectiveness of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass in improving the glycemic profile of obese patients with type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (DM2 after 18 months of follow-up. Methods: four hundred sixty-eight pacients with DM2 and BMI ≥35 were submitted to Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, from 1998 to 2010. All patients were submitted to glycemic control analysis in the 3rd, 6th, 9th, 12th and 18th postoperative months. We considered: type 2 diabetic patients, the ones with fasting glucose ≥126mg/dl and HbA1C ≥6.5 in two dosages; high risk patients for diabetes, those who presented fasting glucose ≥ 100 to 125 mg/dl and HbA1C between 5.7%-6.4%; and normal patients, those presenting glucose <100mg/dl and HbA1C <5.7%. Such diagnostic criteria were based on the official position of Sociedade Brasileira de Diabetes, published in July, 2011. Results: The remission of DM2 was seen in 410 (87.6% out of 468 patients 18 months after the surgery, that being a meaningful difference, with p<0.001. Fourty-eight (10.3% patients sustained criteria for the disease and ten (2.1% continued at high risk for DM2. Conclusions: Roux-en-Y gastric bypass was effective in the promotion and maintaince of long-term glycemic control. There are evidences showing that the remission of DM2 is not only related to weight loss and that other enteroinsular axis mechanisms must be involved.

  8. [Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery for morbid obesity. Experience at the Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Romero-Lbargüengoitia, María Elena; Lerman-Garber, Israel; Herrera-Hernández, Miguel Francisco; Pablo-Pantoja, Juan; Sierra-Salazar, Mauricio; López-Rosales, Federico; Zamora-Barrón, Margarita; Vargas-Martínez, Angeles; García-García, Eduardo

    2009-01-01

    Morbid obesity is a serious health problem associated to a significant reduction in life expectancy. To evaluate the anthropometric and metabolic changes observed in obese patients, 3, 6 and 12 months after laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery and the complications associated with the procedure. Retrospective study that included 128 consecutive obese patients submitted for bariatric surgery at the INCMNSZ (2004-2006). Their mean age was 38 +/- 10 years, 83% were women with a BMI of 48 +/- 6 Kg/m2. 65% were hypertensives, 55% had hypertriglyceridemia and 34% diabetes. A year after surgery all patients had at least reduced 20% their body weight and the percentage of excess body weight loss was 73%. The prevalence of hypertension, hypertrigliceridemia and diabetes was reduced to 24%, 17% and 12%, respectively (p < 0.001). Four patients died (3%), all of them had a leak of the anastomosis and intra-abdominal abscess. One died because pulmonary embolism, another with a myocardial infarction (after surgical reinterventions) and the other two with sepsis. Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery in morbid obese patients favors significant reductions in body weight and associated co morbidities. This surgery is not free of complications and mortality, reason why it must be done only by surgical and interdisciplinary groups with experience in these procedures.

  9. Internal Hernia after Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass: Optimal CT Signs for Diagnosis and Clinical Decision Making.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dilauro, Marc; McInnes, Matthew D F; Schieda, Nicola; Kielar, Ania Z; Verma, Raman; Walsh, Cynthia; Vizhul, Andrey; Petrcich, William; Mamazza, Joseph

    2017-03-01

    Purpose To evaluate the accuracy of computed tomography (CT) for diagnosis of internal hernia (IH) in patients who have undergone laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass and to develop decision tree models to optimize diagnostic accuracy. Materials and Methods This was a retrospective, ethics-approved study of patients who had undergone laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass with surgically confirmed IH (n = 76) and without IH (n = 78). Two radiologists independently reviewed each examination for the following previously established CT signs of IH: mesenteric swirl, small-bowel obstruction (SBO), mushroom sign, clustered loops, hurricane eye, small bowel behind the superior mesenteric artery, and right-sided anastomosis. Radiologists also evaluated images for two new signs, superior mesenteric vein (SMV) "beaking" and "criss-cross" of the mesenteric vessels. Overall impressions for diagnosis of IH were recorded. Diagnostic accuracy and interobserver agreement were calculated, and multivariate recursive partitioning was performed to evaluate various decision tree models by using the CT signs. Results Accuracy and interobserver agreement regarding the nine CT signs of IH showed considerable variation. The best signs were mesenteric swirl (sensitivity and specificity, 86%-89% and 86%-90%, respectively; κ = 0.74) and SMV beaking (sensitivity and specificity, 80%-88% and 94%-95%, respectively; κ = 0.83). Overall reader impression yielded the highest sensitivity and specificity (96%-99% and 90%-99%, respectively; κ = 0.79). The decision tree model with the highest overall accuracy and sensitivity included mesenteric swirl and SBO, with a diagnostic odds ratio of 154 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 146, 161), sensitivity of 96% (95% CI: 87%, 99%), and specificity of 87% (95% CI: 75%, 93%). The decision tree with the highest specificity included SMV beaking and SBO, with a diagnostic odds ratio of 105 (95% CI: 101, 109), sensitivity of 90% (95% CI: 79%, 95%), and

  10. Roux-en-Y gastric bypass alleviates hypertension and is associated with an increase in mid-regional pro-atrial natriuretic peptide in morbid obese patients

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bonfils, Peter K; Taskiran, Mustafa; Damgaard, Morten

    2015-01-01

    in plasma concentrations of atrial natriuretic peptide. METHODS: Twelve hypertensive and 12 normotensive morbidly obese patients underwent LRYGB: 24BP, systemic haemodynamics and mid-regional pro-atrial natriuretic peptide (MRproANP) were assessed before, 6 weeks and 12 months after surgery. The effect....... However, antihypertensive medications were successively reduced from baseline to 1 year after surgery. In normotensive patients, there was no change in 24BP 6 weeks after LRYGB, but a tendency towards a reduction 1 year after the operation. Plasma concentrations of MRproANP were subnormal prior to surgery...... nor after LRYGB. CONCLUSIONS: LRYGB resulted in a significant 24BP reduction and a substantial increase in MRproANP plasma concentrations in hypertensive, obese patients 6 weeks after surgery, suggesting a causal link between obesity-hypertension and altered release/degradation of cardiac natriuretic...

  11. Mechanisms of improved glycaemic control after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dirksen, C; Jørgensen, N B; Bojsen-Møller, K N

    2012-01-01

    Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) greatly improves glycaemic control in morbidly obese patients with type 2 diabetes, in many even before significant weight loss. Understanding the responsible mechanisms may contribute to our knowledge of the pathophysiology of type 2 diabetes and help identify new...... in hepatic insulin sensitivity induced, at least in part, by energy restriction and (2) improved beta cell function associated with an exaggerated postprandial glucagon-like peptide 1 secretion owing to the altered transit of nutrients. Later a weight loss induced improvement in peripheral insulin...

  12. Radiologic evaluation following Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery for morbid obesity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Carucci, Laura R. [Department of Radiology, Virginia Commonwealth University Medical Center, P.O. Box 980615, Richmond, VA 23298-0615 (United States)]. E-mail: lcarucci@vcu.edu; Turner, Mary Ann [Department of Radiology, Virginia Commonwealth University Medical Center, P.O. Box 980615, Richmond, VA 23298-0615 (United States)

    2005-03-01

    Morbid obesity is an increasing health problem, and bariatric surgery is becoming a popular treatment option. Radiologists must be familiar with performing and interpreting studies in this patient population. The typical postoperative findings of the Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGBP) procedure for morbid obesity on upper gastrointestinal (UGI) series are presented. An overview of the potential complications that may be diagnosed with contrast studies and computed tomography (CT) is provided in addition to a description of potential pitfalls in interpreting these studies.

  13. Pregnant woman with fatal complication after laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Renault, Kristina; Gyrtrup, Hans Jørgen; Damgaard, Karen

    2012-01-01

    In Europe, an increasing number of women have bariatric surgery; therefore, obstetricians are likely to encounter these patients. We report a 22-year-old woman, who had previously undergone uncomplicated laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. She was admitted with severe abdominal pain at 35 weeks...... in bariatric surgery, as well as radiologists with specific knowledge of relevant imaging procedures....... of gestation. A cesarean section with delivery of a healthy baby in combination with an exploratory laparotomy was performed. Internal herniation was suspected, but not identified during surgery. Three days later she died of a severely gangrenous small bowel secondary to internal herniation. This fatal case...

  14. Impact of different protocols of nutritional supplements on the status of vitamin A in class III obese patients after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pereira, Silvia; Saboya, Carlos; Ramalho, Andrea

    2013-08-01

    This study aims to investigate the nutritional status of vitamin A (VA) using biochemical and functional indicators in subjects with class III obesity, before and after RYGB, supplemented with three protocols. The sample comprised 90 patients, with BMI ≥40 kg/m(2), divided into three groups: G1 that received routine supplementation containing 5,000 IU of retinol daily; G2 that received 10,000 IU of retinol daily; and G3 that received routine supplementation plus complementary of 50,000 IU of retinol intramuscularly every month. The status of VA was evaluated before (T0), 30 days (T1), and 180 days (T2) after surgery. The vitamin A deficiency (VAD) in G1, G2, and G3 was respectively 20.7, 21.2, and 20.2 % as regards retinol and 37.8, 63.3, and 40 % as regards β-carotene in T0; 26.7, 10, and 23.4 % as regards retinol and 68, 37, and 32 % as regards β-carotene in T1; and 21, 8.7, and 20.2 % as regards retinol and 63.3, 20, and 32 % as regards β-carotene in T2. A reduction of retinol and β-carotene with increasing BMI and waist circumference was observed in T0. The prevalence of night blindness (XN) in groups 1, 2, and 3 was respectively 23.3, 26.7, and 16.7 % in T0; 56.7, 40, and 60 % in T1; and 70, 43, and 63.3 % in T2. The study showed high prevalence of VAD. Among the supplementation protocols used, the one containing 10,000 IU of retinol showed the best impact. However, in cases of more severe VAD, intramuscular supplementation should be considered. The prevalence of XN, justifies attention to this segment of population.

  15. Gastrointestinal symptoms, motility, and transit after the Roux-en-Y operation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Perino, L.E.; Adcock, K.A.; Goff, J.S.

    1988-04-01

    Roux-en-Y patients have symptoms that vary from almost none to inability to tolerate oral feedings. This study was designed to determine whether there is a relationship between a patient's symptoms and the function of the gastric remnant or the Roux-limb. Gastric remnant and Roux-limb emptying were studied in eight patients with technetium-99m-labeled oatmeal and Roux-limb motor activity was measured with a water-perfused manometry system. We found that gastric emptying was rarely significantly slowed, but emptying of the Roux-limb was delayed in several patients. We also found that there was a rough correlation between the patient's symptoms and the degree of abnormal motility found in the Roux-limb. There is no known reason for these abnormalities in Roux-limb function in some patients after a Roux-en-Y, but our finding of worse abnormalities in those who had multiple previous gastric surgeries suggests that the symptoms and dysfunction may be related to the number of surgeries, as well as to the type of surgery.

  16. Status of Iron Metabolism 10 Years After Roux-En-Y Gastric Bypass.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Monaco-Ferreira, Daniela Vicinansa; Leandro-Merhi, Vânia Aparecida

    2017-08-01

    The aim of this study is to investigate changes in iron metabolism and verify whether biochemical parameters are related to the use of oral iron supplement 10 years after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. This longitudinal retrospective study included 151 patients submitted to Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. The collected data included use of an oral iron supplement, hemoglobin, hematocrit, serum iron, and ferritin. The chi-squared or Fisher's exact test was used to analyze the association between use of iron supplement and nutritional deficiency. The generalized estimating equations (GEEs) analyzed the nutritional deficiencies over time. Of the study patients with iron-deficiency anemia (n = 15) in the 12-month follow-up, 73.33% (n = 11) were taking an iron supplement, and 26.67% (n = 4) were not (p = 0.0010). The effect of time was significant for hemoglobin, ferritin, iron overload (p iron-deficiency anemia, defined as ferritin Iron-deficiency anemia increased over time even in patients taking oral iron supplements.

  17. [Two cases of afferent loop syndrome caused by obstruction at the jejuno-jejunostomy site in the Roux-en-Y loop that were successfully treated by endoscopic balloon dilatation].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yasuda, Atsushi; Imamoto, Haruhiko; Furukawa, Hiroshi; Imano, Motohiro; Yasuda, Takushi; Okuno, Kiyokata

    2014-11-01

    We report 2 rare cases of afferent loop syndrome caused by obstruction at the jejuno-jejunostomy site in the Roux-en-Y loop after total gastrectomy, which was successfully treated by endoscopic balloon dilatation of the anastomotic stenosis. Case 1: A 62-year-old woman presented with malaise and lower abdominal distension 6 months after laparoscopy-assisted total gastrectomy with Roux-en-Y reconstruction. She was diagnosed with afferent loop syndrome; CT imaging indicated marked dilatation of the afferent loop, with membranous obstruction at the jejuno-jejunostomy site in the Roux-en-Y loop. Although almost complete occlusion was noted at the jejuno-jejunostomy site, the obstruction was successfully relieved by endoscopic balloon dilation using TandemTM XL Triple Lumen ERCP Cannula (Boston Scientific)®. Case 2: A 70-year-old man presented with malaise and lower abdominal distension 3 years after laparoscopy-assisted total gastrectomy with Roux-en-Y reconstruction. He was diagnosed with afferent loop syndrome; CT imaging indicated complete obstruction at the jejuno-jejunostomy site in the Roux-en-Y loop. As in case 1, the obstruction was successfully treated by endoscopic balloon dilatation of the occluded anastomosis.

  18. EARLY POSTOPERATIVE COMPLICATIONS IN ROUX-EN-Y GASTRIC BYPASS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stoll, Aluisio; Rosin, Leandro; Dias, Mariana Fernandes; Marquiotti, Bruna; Gugelmin, Giovana; Stoll, Gabriela Fanezzi

    Roux-en-Y gastric bypass is one of the most common bariatric surgery and leads to considerable weight loss in the first months. To quantify the main early postoperative complications in patients submitted to the gastric bypass. Observational retrospective cohort. Data of 1051 patients with class II obesity associated with comorbidities or class III obesity submitted to the gastric bypass with 30 days of follow-up starting from the date of the surgery. The age average was 36 years with a predominance of females (81.1%). The mean preoperative body mass index was 43 kg/m². The major complication was fistula (2.3%), followed by intestinal obstruction (0.5%) and pulmonary embolism (0.5%). Death occurred in 0.6% of the cases. In the period of 30 days after surgery the overall complication rate was 3.8%; reoperation was necessary in 2.6% and death occurred in 0.6%. Fistula was the main complication and the leading cause of hospitalization in intensive care unit, reoperation and death. Bypass gástrico em Y-de-Roux é uma das operações bariátricas mais comuns e leva a perdas consideráveis de peso já nos primeiros meses. Quantificar as principais complicações pós-operatórias precoces em pacientes submetidos ao bypass gástrico. Coorte retrospectiva observacional. Amostra de 1051 pacientes portadores de obesidade grau II associada à comorbidades ou grau III submetidos ao bypass gástrico com acompanhamento de 30 dias a partir da data da operação. A idade média dos pacientes foi de 36 anos com predominância de mulheres (81,1%). O índice de massa corporal pré-operatório médio foi de 43 kg/m². A principal complicação foi fístula (2,3%), seguida de obstrução intestinal (0,5%) e tromboembolismo pulmonar (0,5%). Óbito ocorreu em 0,6% dos casos. No período de 30 dias de pós-operatório a taxa geral de complicações foi de 3,8%; a de reoperação de 2,6% e óbito em 0,6%. A fístula foi a principal complicação e a principal causa de internamento em

  19. Gastropericardial fistula after Roux-en-Y bypass for reflux disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dhillon, Ajit; Eltweri, Amar M; Shah, Vikas; Bowrey, David J

    2015-01-16

    A 49-year-old man was admitted to his local hospital with a 3-day history of left-sided chest pain which started after a coughing paroxysm. His surgical history included laparoscopic Toupet fundoplication 30 months earlier and revisional reflux surgery (Roux-en-Y gastric bypass) 11 months earlier. On admission, he was found to be tachycardic at 110 bpm, hypotensive (90/65 mm Hg). He had ST depression in ECG leads V2-5 with a normal troponin I level. Chest radiography indicated a pneumopericardium which prompted referral to the oesophagogastric surgery unit. Endoscopy and CT with oral contrast confirmed a gastropericardial fistula. This was managed by total gastrectomy through a left thoracoabdominal approach. The patient was discharged home 2 months later. We report the fourth case of gastropericardial fistula in the literature as a long-term complication of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass with a favourable outcome and mini literature review. 2015 BMJ Publishing Group Ltd.

  20. An optimized multivitamin supplement lowers the number of vitamin and mineral deficiencies three years after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass: a cohort study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Homan, J.; Schijns, W.; Aarts, E.O.; Laarhoven, C.J.H.M. van; Janssen, I.M.C.; Berends, F.J.

    2016-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Vitamin and mineral deficiencies are common after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery. In particular, inadequate serum concentrations of ferritin and vitamin B12 have been found in 11% and 23% (respectively) of patients using a standard multivitamin supplement (sMVS) 1 year after

  1. Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass and Vertical Banded Gastroplasty Induce Long-Term Changes on the Human Gut Microbiome Contributing to Fat Mass Regulation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tremaroli, Valentina; Karlsson, Fredrik; Werling, Malin

    2015-01-01

    Bariatric surgery is currently the most effective procedure for the treatment of obesity. Given the role of the gut microbiota in regulating host metabolism and adiposity, we investigated the long-term effects of bariatric surgery on the microbiome of patients randomized to Roux-en-Y gastric bypass...... microbiota may play a direct role in the reduction of adiposity observed after bariatric surgery....

  2. Pancreaticojejuno-jejunostomy during reconstruction of the afferent loop in surgery of radiation-induced afferent loop obstruction following pancreaticoduodenectomy with Roux-en-Y reconstruction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blouhos, Konstantinos; Boulas, Konstantinos A; Tsiomita, Evridiki; Papageorgiou, Irene; Ioannidis, Konstantinos; Hatzigeorgiadis, Anestis

    2014-03-01

    Radiation-induced afferent loop obstruction is a rare complication following pancreaticoduodenectomy and adjuvant radiotherapy. As in the setting of Roux-en-Y reconstruction endoscopic approaches are limited, surgery of this complication becomes inevitable. This study provides a new classification/management system of the radiation-induced obstruction of the afferent loop based on the extent and location of radiation injury, and describes the Pancreaticojejuno-jejunostomy, a novel technique to avoid revision of the pancreatic anastomosis during reconstruction of the afferent loop. Data were analyzed from nine patients who developed radiation-induced afferent loop obstruction after pancreaticoduodenectomy with single Roux limb reconstruction. One patient had type I obstruction and treated with by-pass surgery, seven patients had type II obstruction and treated with reconstruction including revision of the hepaticojejunostomy and Pancreaticojejuno-jejunostomy, and one patient had type III obstruction and treated with reconstruction including revision of the hepaticojejunostomy and the pancreatic anastomosis. Reconstruction along with Pancreaticojejuno-jejunostomy performed in six patients with type II radiation-induced afferent loop obstruction; reconstruction was not feasible for one patient. The median operative time was 149 min. No intraoperative complication was observed. By performing Pancreaticojejuno-jejunostomy we managed efficiently to convert a pancreatic anastomosis to an enteric anastomosis as one case of Grade B pancreatic fistula and no case of Pancreaticojejuno-jejunostomy stricture were observed, regarding short- and long-term results, respectively. The above technique may have a useful application in the surgical management of the radiation-induced afferent loop obstruction when endoscopy fails and by-pass surgery is inappropriate.

  3. Pancreatic and Intestinal Function Post Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass Surgery for Obesity

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    O'Keefe, Stephen J D; Rakitt, Tina; Ou, Junhai

    2017-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: Despite the fact that the most effective treatment for morbid obesity today is gastric bypass surgery, some patients develop life-threatening nutritional complications associated with their weight loss. METHODS: Here we examine the influence of the altered anatomy and digestive...... physiology on pancreatic secretion and fat absorption. Thirteen post Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) patients who had lost >100 lbs in the first year following surgery and who gave variable histories of gastrointestinal (GI) dysfunction, were selected for study. Food-stimulated pancreatic enzyme secretion....... CONCLUSIONS: Our investigations revealed a wide spectrum of gastrointestinal abnormalities, including fat malabsorption, impaired food stimulated pancreatic secretion, ileal brake stimulation, and bacterial overgrowth, in patients following RYGB which could be attributed to the breakdown of the normally...

  4. Improvement in health-related quality of life following Roux-en-Y gastric bypass

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Nina Beck; Gudex, Claire; Støving, René Klinkby

    2014-01-01

    for bariatric surgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Participants (n = 55) completed the Short Form Health Survey v2 (SF-36) before and 22 ± 4.2 months after surgery. Information on socio-demographics, body mass index (BMI), co-morbidity and satisfaction with surgery were collected through patient questionnaires...... those patients who would be accepted for bariatric surgery under the current Danish criteria for bariatric surgery and those patients who only fulfilled the criteria for bariatric surgery before 2011. FUNDING: not relevant. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT02032199.......INTRODUCTION: This study explored whether health-related quality of life (HRQOL) changes following Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery were associated with identifiable socio-demographic or clinical characteristics, and it examined the impact on health outcomes of changes in the Danish criteria...

  5. Roux-en-Y gastrojejunal bypass using a hybrid NOTES-12 mm trocar technique in a porcine model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Polese, Lino; Porzionato, Andrea; Luisetto, Roberto; Mastrogiacomo, Doralba; Macchi, Veronica; De Caro, Raffaele; Norberto, Lorenzo; Merigliano, Stefano

    2016-01-01

    To evaluate the feasibility and safety of Roux-en-Y gastrojejunal bypass procedure using a hybrid NOTES-12 mm trocar technique in a survival porcine model. The procedure was carried out on ten pigs. Two gastroscopes were introduced through the mouth and through a 12 mm trocar, respectively. A mechanical circular gastro-jejunal anastomosis was created by introducing a stapler after the trocar incision was enlarged. A 21 mm EEA OrVil circular stapler was utilized in the first six pigs and a 25 mm one was used in the other four. All pigs were fed beginning 24 hours after the procedure and were euthanized three weeks later. The procedure was successfully completed in all ten animals. The mean length of the skin incision was 2.5 cm. All pigs survived without complications. Endoscopic inspection detected anastomotic strictures in 5/6 of the 21 mm-stapler and in 0/4 of the 25 mm-stapler anastomoses (p < 0.05). Roux-en-Y gastrojejunal bypass using a hybrid NOTES-single 12 mm trocar access technique is a simple and safe procedure in a survival porcine model. Functional results need to be evaluated by further studies.

  6. [Study of the antireflux action of the Roux-en-Y jejunal loop in reconstruction after gastrectomy and nutritional status in the follow-up].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rea, Teresa; Bartolacci, Mauro; Leombruni, Edoardo; Brizzi, Felice; Picardi, Nicola

    2005-01-01

    The Roux-en-Y recostruction after total or subtotal gastrectomy for gastric cancer is frequently performed to prevent esophageal alkaline reflux. Also after total gastrectomy and end-to-side gastrojejunal anastomosis, as usual in former experience, the alkaline reflux can be efficaciously treated by conversion in an esophago-jejunal Roux-en-Y procedure. The main factor preventing reflux is the length of jejunal loop, at least of 35-40 cm. The recostruction with a Roux-en-Y jejunal loop offers the advantage to meet together two primary requirements: the restoration of digestive travel from esophagus to intestine, and the prevention of on alcaline reflux esophagitis, both with relevant simplicity and without a time-consuming surgical technique. Also as a consequence the postoperative morbidity is decreased. The obvious suitable requirement is a sufficient lenght of the jejunal loop for a reservoir of the ingested food and to oppose the antiperistaltic jejunal movements thanks to the effects of the new activated jejunal pace-maker.

  7. Roux-en-Y gastric bypass for intractable biliary reflux in an individual with incomplete tetraplegia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caruso, Deborah; Tower, Donald; Goetz, Lance

    2015-07-01

    Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a common complication in the spinal cord injury (SCI) population. Surgical treatment of GERD has a unique risk/benefit profile in this population. This 68-year-old male with chronic incomplete tetraplegia, dyslipidemia, and well-controlled diabetes mellitus underwent Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery (RYGBP) for intractable biliary reflux. Postoperatively, the patient had resolution of his symptoms but he also presented with significant weight loss and dumping syndrome. While he did have improvement in his dyslipidemia there was no change in his functional status. RYGBP is an option for refractory GERD treatment in the SCI population but preoperative risk assessment and close monitoring postoperatively is essential.

  8. Hiatal hernia following total gastrectomy with Roux-en-Y reconstruction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murata, S; Yamazaki, M; Kosugi, C; Hirano, A; Yoshimura, Y; Shiragami, R; Suzuki, M; Shuto, K; Koda, K

    2014-01-01

    Hiatal hernias after total gastrectomy for advanced gastric cancer are very rare. We review a case of a 44-year-old male who presented with dyspnea and chest pain 2 days after total gastrectomy, lower esophagectomy, and splenectomy with retrocolic Roux-en-Y reconstruction approached by a left thoracoabdominal incision for gastric cancer at the cardia. Plain and cross-sectional imaging identified a large hiatal hernia protruding into the right thorax containing left-sided transverse colon and small intestine. Our patient underwent a laparotomy, and after hernia reduction the hiatal defect was repaired by direct suturing. He experienced anastomotic leakage and right pyothorax, but recovered. The potential cause is discussed here and the published literature on this rare complication is reviewed briefly.

  9. Gastrointestinal complications of bariatric Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sandrasegaran, Kumaresan; Rajesh, Arumugam; Lall, Chandana; Maglinte, Dean D. [Indiana University Medical Center, UH 0279, Department of Radiology, Indianapolis, IN (United States); Gomez, Gerardo A. [Wishard Memorial Hospital, Department of Surgery, Indianapolis (United States); Lappas, John C. [Wishard Memorial Hospital, Department of Radiology, Indianapolis (United States)

    2005-02-01

    Obesity is rapidly becoming the most important public health issue in USA and Europe. Roux-en-Y gastric bypass is now established as the gold standard for treating intractable morbid or super obesity. We reviewed the imaging findings following this surgery in 234 patients. In this pictorial essay we present the CT and upper gastrointestinal contrast study appearances of the expected postoperative anatomy as well as a range of abdominal complications. The complications are classified into leaks, fistula and obstruction. Postoperative gastric outlet and small bowel obstruction can be caused by anastomotic stenosis, mesocolic tunnel stenosis, adhesions, stomal ulcer, obturation, intussusception and internal or external hernia. Small bowel obstruction may be of a simple, closed loop and/or strangulating type. The radiologist should be able to diagnose the type and possible cause of obstruction. (orig.)

  10. Endoscopic findings in the excluded stomach after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuga, Rogerio; Safatle-Ribeiro, Adriana V; Faintuch, Joel; Ishida, Robson K; Furuya, Carlos K; Garrido, Arthur B; Cecconello, Ivan; Ishioka, Shinichi; Sakai, Paulo

    2007-10-01

    After gastric bypass surgery performed because of morbid obesity, the excluded stomach can rarely be endoscopically examined. With the advent of a new apparatus and technique, possible mucosal changes can be routinely accessed and monitored, thus preventing potential benign and malignant complications. Prospective observational study in a homogeneous population with nonspecific symptoms. Outpatient clinic of a large public academic hospital. Forty consecutive patients (mean +/- SD age, 44.5 +/- 10.0 y ears; 85.0% women) were seen at a mean +/- SD of 77.3 +/- 19.4 months after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery. Elective double-balloon enteroscopy of the excluded stomach was performed. Rate of successful intubation, endoscopic findings, and complications. The excluded stomach was reached in 35 of 40 patients (87.5%). Mean +/- SD time to enter the organ was 24.9 +/- 14.3 minutes (range, 5-75 minutes). Endoscopic findings were normal in 9 patients (25.7%), whereas in 26 (74.3%), various types of gastritis (erythematous, erosive, hemorrhagic erosive, and atrophic) were identified, primarily in the gastric body and antrum. No cancer was documented in the present series. Tolerance was good, and no complications were recorded during or after the intervention. The double-balloon method is useful and practical for access to the excluded stomach. Although cancer was not noted, most of the studied population had gastritis, including moderate and severe forms. Surveillance of the excluded stomach is recommended after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery performed because of morbid obesity.

  11. Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass in adolescents with severe obesity (AMOS): a prospective, 5-year, Swedish nationwide study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olbers, Torsten; Beamish, Andrew J; Gronowitz, Eva; Flodmark, Carl-Erik; Dahlgren, Jovanna; Bruze, Gustaf; Ekbom, Kerstin; Friberg, Peter; Göthberg, Gunnar; Järvholm, Kajsa; Karlsson, Jan; Mårild, Staffan; Neovius, Martin; Peltonen, Markku; Marcus, Claude

    2017-03-01

    Severe obesity in adolescence is associated with reduced life expectancy and impaired quality of life. Long-term benefits of conservative treatments in adolescents are known to be modest, whereas short-term outcomes of adolescent bariatric surgery are promising. We aimed to compare 5-year outcomes of adolescent surgical patients after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass with those of conservatively treated adolescents and of adults undergoing Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, in the Adolescent Morbid Obesity Surgery (AMOS) study. We did a nationwide, prospective, non-randomised controlled study of adolescents (aged 13-18 years) with severe obesity undergoing Roux-en-Y gastric bypass at three specialised paediatric obesity treatment centres in Sweden. We compared clinical outcomes in adolescent surgical patients with those of matched adolescent controls undergoing conservative treatment and of adult controls undergoing Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. The primary outcome measure was change in BMI over 5 years. We used multilevel mixed-effect regression models to assess longitudinal changes. This trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT00289705. Between April, 2006, and May, 2009, 100 adolescents were recruited to the study, of whom 81 underwent Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (mean age 16·5 years [SD 1·2], bodyweight 132·8 kg [22·1], and BMI 45·5 kg/m(2) [SD 6·1]). 80 matched adolescent controls and 81 matched adult controls were enrolled for comparison of outcomes. The change in bodyweight in adolescent surgical patients over 5 years was -36·8 kg (95% CI -40·9 to -32·8), resulting in a reduction in BMI of -13·1 kg/m(2) (95% CI -14·5 to -11·8), although weight loss less than 10% occurred in nine (11%). Mean BMI rose in adolescent controls (3·3 kg/m(2), 95% CI 1·1-4·8) over the 5-year study period, whereas the BMI change in adult controls was similar to that in adolescent surgical patients (mean change -12·3 kg/m(2), 95% CI -13·7 to -10·9). Comorbidities and

  12. Increased Hepatic Insulin Clearance After Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bojsen-Møller, Kirstine N; Dirksen, Carsten; Jørgensen, Nils B

    2013-01-01

    Context:Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) improves glucose tolerance and ameliorates fasting hyperinsulinemia within days after surgery. Improvements in hepatic insulin sensitivity and insulin clearance could contribute importantly to these effects.Objective:The objective of the investigation...

  13. A Novel Roux-en-Y Reconstruction Involving the Use of Two Circular Staplers after Distal Subtotal Gastrectomy for Gastric Cancer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahn, Chang Wook; Byun, Cheul Su; Kim, Young Bae

    2017-01-01

    Purpose Although Roux-en-Y (R-Y) reconstruction after distal gastrectomy has several advantages, such as prevention of bile reflux into the remnant stomach, it is rarely used because of the technical difficulty. This prospective randomized clinical trial aimed to show the efficacy of a novel method of R-Y reconstruction involving the use of 2 circular staplers by comparing this novel method to Billroth-I (B-I) reconstruction. Materials and Methods A total of 118 patients were randomly allocated into the R-Y (59 patients) and B-I reconstruction (59 patients) groups. R-Y anastomosis was performed using two circular staplers and no hand sewing. The primary end-point of this clinical trial was the reflux of bile into the remnant stomach evaluated using endoscopic and histological findings at 6 months after surgery. Results No significant differences in clinicopathological findings were observed between the 2 groups. Although anastomosis time was significantly longer for the patients of the R-Y group (P<0.001), no difference was detected between the 2 groups in terms of the total surgery duration (P=0.112). Endoscopic findings showed a significant reduction of bile reflux in the remnant stomach in the R-Y group (P<0.001), and the histological findings showed that reflux gastritis was more significant in the B-I group than in the R-Y group (P=0.026). Conclusions The results of this randomized controlled clinical trial showed that compared with B-I reconstruction, R-Y reconstruction using circular staplers is a safe and feasible procedure. This clinical trial study was registered at www.ClinicalTrials.gov (registration No. NCT01142271). PMID:28970956

  14. Conversion to modified duodenal switch for relieving intractable dumping syndrome and constipation after laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Chih-Kun; Wang, Ming-Yu; Hsin, Ming-Che; Chang, Po-Chih

    2015-05-01

    Dumping syndrome is not infrequent after laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass and could result in dreaded complications, such as hypoglycemia or syncope. Those patients who failed medical therapy and diet modification, regarded as intractable dumping syndrome, may be considered as candidates for revisional surgery. Herein, we make a video presentation of laparoscopic revisional procedure for intractable dumping syndrome with unsatisfactory weight loss. A 32-year-old, morbidly obese woman (initial body mass index, 53.3 kg/m(2)) presented with dumping syndrome 17 months after initial laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. She underwent nutritional counseling, strict diet modification, and medication treatment but failed. In addition, the patient complained of worsening constipation and insufficient weight loss (body mass index, 36 kg/m(2)). Laparoscopic revisional procedure with modified duodenal switch was conducted to relieve her intractable condition. The procedure took 260 min without any intraoperative complication. Blood loss was 100 mL The patient had an uneventful postoperative course and the postoperative hospital stay was 5 days. The uncomfortable symptoms relieved successfully after the revisional surgery. Though long-term follow-up is warranted to draw a definite conclusion, modified duodenal switch with pyloric restoration and shortening bowel length remains an acceptable revisional procedure to relive intractable dumping syndrome and constipation in our patient successfully.

  15. The Effect of Preoperative Type 2 Diabetes and Physical Fitness on Mental Health and Health-Related Quality of Life after Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wimmelmann, Cathrine L.; Lund, Michael T.; Hansen, Merethe

    2016-01-01

    Objective: To investigate the predictive value of type 2 diabetes and lack of physical activity for mental health and health-related quality of life after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. Method: Forty severely obese patients undergoing Roux-en-Y gastric bypass were included in the GASMITO study...... to physical fitness, mental distress, health-related quality of life, and weight-related body image (). The interaction between follow-up time and type 2 diabetes at baseline significantly predicted six of the thirteen psychological subscales () and, across the follow-ups, physical fitness level made modest...... Image Questionnaire, and a questionnaire assessing sociodemographic factors and medical status. Results: Mean % excess weight loss was 65% (±12) at 18-month follow-up and 50% of the participants with diabetes experienced total remission. Also, significant improvements were observed with regard...

  16. AGE AND GENDER MAY INFLUENCE THE RESULTS OF ROUX-EN-Y GASTRIC BYPASS? Metabolic syndrome parameters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stephan Garcia ANDRADE-SILVA

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Context Severe obesity affects the body favoring the development of serious diseases, including hypertension, diabetes mellitus, atherosclerosis and non alcoholic fatty liver disease. Bariatric procedures increased in Brazil in the last decade. Objectives The purpose of this study was to verify if gender and age in date of procedure resulted significant differences in metabolic syndrome parameters after surgery. Methods The study involved 205 medical records of adult patients undergoing Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, stratified by gender and age groups and followed one year by a multidisciplinary team. Results It was observed significant decrease in body mass index, fasting glucose and insulin at all ages and both genders. Lipid profile showed significant improvements except high density lipoprotein cholesterol. Ectopic fat in the liver has decreased after 6 months in patients classified with steatosis at baseline. Patients classified as hypertensive blood pressure levels decreased 6 months after surgical intervention. Conclusions Roux-en-Y gastric bypass proved to be an important tool in remission of metabolic syndrome parameters. The reduction of body mass accompanied to decrease in insulin resistance resulted in lower prevalence of comorbidities associated with obesity. The benefits were similar and extended both genders and all age groups between 18 and 65 years old.

  17. Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus remission eighteen months after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Girundi, Marcelo Gomes

    2016-01-01

    to evaluate the effectiveness of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass in improving the glycemic profile of obese patients with type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (DM2) after 18 months of follow-up. four hundred sixty-eight pacients with DM2 and BMI ≥35 were submitted to Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, from 1998 to 2010. All patients were submitted to glycemic control analysis in the 3rd, 6th, 9th, 12th and 18th postoperative months. We considered: type 2 diabetic patients, the ones with fasting glucose ≥126mg/dl and HbA1C ≥6.5 in two dosages; high risk patients for diabetes, those who presented fasting glucose ≥ 100 to 125 mg/dl and HbA1C between 5.7%-6.4%; and normal patients, those presenting glucose Diabetes, published in July, 2011. The remission of DM2 was seen in 410 (87.6%) out of 468 patients 18 months after the surgery, that being a meaningful difference, with p2.1%) continued at high risk for DM2. Roux-en-Y gastric bypass was effective in the promotion and maintaince of long-term glycemic control. There are evidences showing that the remission of DM2 is not only related to weight loss and that other enteroinsular axis mechanisms must be involved. avaliar a eficácia da gastroplastia com derivação em Y-de-Roux, em pacientes obesos e portadores de Diabetes Mellitus tipo 2 (DM2), na melhoria do perfil glicêmico após 18 meses de seguimento. foram submetidos à derivação gástrica em Y-de-Roux 468 pacientes com IMC ≥35 e portadores de DM2, no período de 1998 a 2010. Todos os pacientes tiveram a análise do controle glicêmico realizadas no terceiro, sexto, nono, 12o e 18o meses de pós-operatório. Os critérios diagnósticos de diabetes foram baseados no Posicionamento Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Diabetes, publicado em julho de 2011. observou-se a remissão do DM2 em 410 pacientes (87,6%) após 18 meses da cirurgia, sendo essa diferença significativa com p-valor 2,1%) permaneceram com o risco aumentado para DM2. a gastroplastia com derivação em Y-de-Roux foi

  18. Treatment challenges in type 1 diabetes after roux-en-Y gastric bypass.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Favre, Lucie; Pralong, François; Suter, Michel; Jornayvaz, François R

    2017-03-21

    Bariatric surgery is an effective treatment of type 2 diabetes in obese patients. The obesity epidemic does not spare patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM), but there is no consensus regarding the role of surgery in the management of obese T1DM patients. Published data consistently report significant weight loss after surgery in obese T1DM patients, but long-term glycaemic control remains difficult to achieve. Here we present our experience with a challenging patient and a review of the literature. Our patient successfully underwent a roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) when she was 28 years old. Five years after surgery, she was diagnosed with latent autoimmune diabetes of adults and insulin therapy was initiated. Insulin therapy proved very difficult to adjust, with frequent episodes of postprandial hyperglycaemia. These difficulties could only be overcome by the initiation of a subcutaneous insulin infusion using a sensor-augmented insulin pump with automated suspension. This change allowed better glycaemic control. Despite considerable weight loss with a concomitant decrease in insulin requirement, glycaemic control remained difficult after surgery. Due to their different impacts on glucose kinetics, the type of surgical operation should be part of the assessment. These patients might benefit from sensor-augmented insulin pump therapy with automated insulin suspension after bariatric surgery. The decision for surgical intervention in these patients should be carefully weighed against the difficulties in achieving adequate glycaemic control.

  19. Improvement of hypothyroidism after laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass for morbid obesity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raftopoulos, Yannis; Gagné, Daniel J; Papasavas, Pavlos; Hayetian, Fernando; Maurer, Julie; Bononi, Patricia; Caushaj, Philip F

    2004-04-01

    Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGBP) has been very effective in managing a broad range of morbid obesity-related co-morbidities. We report a beneficial effect of LRYGBP that has not been previously observed. Between December 1999 and September 2002, 224 patients underwent LRYGBP. Preoperative assessment for hypothyroidism and follow-up data were prospectively collected in our database. Improved thyroid function (ITF) or unchanged thyroid function (UTF) was determined by comparison of preoperative and postoperative thyroxine requirements. 23 of 224 patients (10.3%) were treated preoperatively for hypothyroidism. During a median follow-up of 17 months, hypothyroidism was improved in 10/23 patients (43.5%). 2 patients had complete resolution, and the remaining 8 had reduction (14%-50%) of their thyroxine requirements. ITF occurred at a mean follow-up of 8.9 months and at a mean excess weight loss (EWL) of 57%. 6 of the 8 patients (75%) with ITF >or= 25% had EWL >90% at last follow-up, compared to 1 out of 15 patients (6.6%) with UTF or hypothyroidism may be an additional benefit of bariatric surgery that has not been previously reported. Reduction of thyroxine requirements is most likely the result of the decrease in the BMI.

  20. Sleeve gastrectomy and Roux En Y gastric bypass: current state of metabolic surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torgersen, Zachary; Osmolak, Angela; Forse, Robert Armour

    2014-10-01

    Roux En Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is considered the bariatric gold standard. Recently, sleeve gastrectomy has gained significant popularity. Early evidence suggests sleeve gastrectomy as a well tolerated and efficacious alternative to RYGB. This article compares RYGB and sleeve gastrectomy by reviewing and summarizing recently published clinical trials. Surgery remains the most effective therapy for obese patients meeting criteria. Excess weight loss in short-term follow-up appears similar between RYGB and sleeve gastrectomy. Long-term data on sleeve gastrectomy are limited. RYGB is more effective in producing resolution and remission of type II diabetes mellitus, particularly in patients at high risk for relapse. RYGB and sleeve gastrectomy are similar in their reduction of other obesity-related comorbid conditions with the exception of gastroesophageal reflux disease. RYGB has slightly higher overall morbidity but mortality is similar. RYGB and sleeve gastrectomy are well tolerated and effective bariatric operations and represent metabolic surgery. More prospective, long-term data are needed. Both procedures benefit specific groups of patients better than the other. Research defining the obese patient's metabolic state and the metabolic response to both operations will ultimately allow physicians to optimally match patient and procedure.

  1. Treatment of giant hiatal hernia by laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duinhouwer, Lucia E; Biter, L Ulas; Wijnhoven, Bas P; Mannaerts, Guido H

    2015-01-01

    Obesity is a risk factor for hiatal hernia. In addition, much higher recurrence rates are reported after standard surgical treatment of hiatal hernia in morbidly obese patients. Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) is an effective surgical treatment for morbid obesity and is known to effectively control symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux (GERD). Two patients suffering from giant hiatal hernias where a combined LRYGB and hiatal hernia repair (HHR) with mesh was performed are presented in this paper. There were no postoperative complications and at 1 year follow-up, there was no sign of recurrence of the hernia. The gold standard for all symptomatic reflux patients is still surgical correction of the paraesophageal hernia, including complete reduction of the hernia sac, resection of the sac, hiatal closure and fundoplication. However, HHR outcome is adversely affected by higher BMI levels, leading to increased HH recurrence rates in the obese. Concomitant giant hiatal hernia repair with LRYGB appears to be safe and feasible. Moreover, LRYGB plus HHR appears to be a good alternative for HH patients suffering from morbid obesity as well than antireflux surgery alone because of the additional benefit of significant weight loss and improvement of obesity related co-morbidity. Copyright © 2015 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.. All rights reserved.

  2. Assessment of two different diagnostic guidelines criteria (National Cholesterol Education Adult Treatment Panel III [ATP III] and International Diabetes Federation [IDF]) for the evaluation of metabolic syndrome remission in a longitudinal cohort of patients undergoing Roux-en-Y gastric bypass.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodríguez-Ortiz, Donají; Reyes-Pérez, Azucena; León, Pablo; Sánchez, Hugo; Mosti, Maureen; Aguilar-Salinas, Carlos A; Velázquez-Fernández, David; Herrera, Miguel F

    2016-04-01

    Bariatric surgery has proven to provide durable weight loss and control of comorbid conditions, including the metabolic syndrome (MS). Existing definitions of MS have caused substantial confusion regarding their concordance for identifying the same individuals. The aim of this study was to assess the value of 2 different diagnostic guidelines criteria (National Cholesterol Education Adult Treatment Panel III [ATP III] and International Diabetes Federation [IDF]) for the evaluation of remission of MS after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). A cohort of 381 patients who underwent a primary RYGB, satisfied the criteria for MS, and had at least o1 postoperative visit were selected. Weight loss and MS remission were analyzed 6 and 12 months after surgery by ATP III and IDF criteria. Before surgery, 381 (48.9%) and 354 (45.4%) patients fulfilled the criteria for MS according to the ATP III and IDF, respectively. According to the ATP III definition, remission of MS after bariatric surgery occurred in 209 of 239 (87.4%) and 98/102 (96.1%) patients at 6 and 12 months, respectively. According to the IDF definition, this occurred in 180 of 232 (77.6%) and 54 of 64 (84.4%) at the same time periods. On the basis of different percentage of excess body weight loss cut-off values, the area under the curve in receiver operating characteristic analysis at 12 months was slightly better for ATP III (0.77) than IDF criteria (0.68) for remission of MS. With the use of the IDF definition, the remission rate of MS was 10% more rigorous than with use of the ATP-III criteria. This feature is attributable to a greater discrimination of patients with high blood pressure, glycemia, and dyslipidemia. The IDF criteria seem more accurate to evaluate MS remission. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  3. Robotic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass: Our centre's technique with short-term experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohit Bhandari

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB is one of the most widely performed bariatric surgeries in the world. Performing an RYGB by a Da Vinci Surgical System is a new advancement. The aim of this study is to describe single docking-single quadrant technique and its short-term results. Materials and Methods: Between January 2013 and December 2013, 140 robotic RYGB were performed. The RYGB was performed through single docking, single quadrant approach. The data were analysed retrospectively. Intra- and post-operative details of every patient were documented. Follow-up was done as per protocol at 6 months; 1 and 2 years. In total, 120 patients completed the follow-up protocol as per our database. Results: Mean age of the patients was 42.7 ± 12.11 years. Ratio of males: females were equal. The mean operative time was 97.48 ± 23.79 min. Early mortality was seen 7 days post-surgery. Two late complications were documented with no late mortality. The average length of stay was 2.89 ± 1.06 days. Average blood loss was 55.79 ± 11.91 ml. There was no hospital re-admission after the surgery. Conclusion: Single docking-single quadrant technique is simple, effective and time saving without having complicated port position, multiple docking with minimal complications.

  4. Many complications after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery can be prevented and treated

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gribsholt, Sigrid Bjerge; Richelsen, Bjørn

    2016-01-01

    A wide range of complications may occur after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery, including surgical, medical/nutritional, and psychiatric complications. Some of the nutritional complications such as anaemia, dumping and hypoglycaemia may present rather unspecific symptoms that may easily...

  5. Body Composition, Dietary Intake, and Energy Expenditure After Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass and Laparoscopic Vertical Banded Gastroplasty

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olbers, Torsten; Björkman, Sofia; Lindroos, Ak; Maleckas, Almantas; Lönn, Lars; Sjöström, Lars; Lönroth, Hans

    2006-01-01

    Objective: To assess body composition, eating pattern, and basal metabolic rate in patients undergoing obesity surgery in a randomized trial. Introduction: There is limited knowledge regarding how different bariatric surgical techniques function in terms of altering body composition, dietary intake, and basic metabolic rate. Methods: Non-superobese patients were randomized to laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LGBP, n = 37) or laparoscopic vertical banded gastroplasty (LVBG, n = 46). Anthropometry, dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DEXA), computed tomography (CT), indirect calorimetry, and reported dietary intake were registered prior to and 1 year after surgery. Results: Follow-up rate was 97.6%. LGBP patients had significantly greater reduction of waist circumference and sagittal diameter compared with LVBG. DEXA demonstrated a larger reduction of body fat in all compartments after LGBP, especially at the trunk (Pgastric bypass. PMID:17060764

  6. Roles of increased glycemic variability, GLP-1 and glucagon in hypoglycaemia after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tharakan, George; Behary, Preeshila; Wewer Albrechtsen, Nicolai Jacob

    2017-01-01

    Objective Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass (RYGB) surgery is currently the most effective treatment for diabetes and obesity. An increasingly recognized complication of RYGB surgery is postprandial hypoglycemia (PPH). The pathophysiology of PPH remains unclear with multiple mechanisms suggested including...... nesidioblastosis, altered insulin clearance and increased glucagon-like-1 peptide (GLP-1) secretion. Whilst many PPH patients respond to dietary modification, some have severely disabling symptoms. Multiple treatments have been trialled ranging from acarbose, to both GLP-1 agonists and antagonists, even...... in insulin and GLP-1 concentration in patients who had hypoglycemia in response to an MMT (MMT Hypo) relative to those that did not (MMT Non-Hypo). There was a significantly increased glucagon secretion in the MMT Hypo group versus the Non-hypo group. No significant differences in oxyntomodulin, GIP...

  7. Barrett's esophagus before and after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass for severe obesity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andrew, Brandon; Alley, Joshua B; Aguilar, Cristina E; Fanelli, Robert D

    2017-08-04

    Barrett's esophagus (BE) has been associated with obesity and metabolic syndrome. Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) may represent a surgical approach which addresses both severe obesity and BE. LRYGB diverts bile away from the gastric pouch and esophagus due to the long Roux limb, and very little acid is produced in the cardia-based gastric pouch. Furthermore, surgically induced weight loss may diminish systemic inflammation, which may contribute to metaplastic changes in the esophagus. Moreover, improved compliance with proton-pump inhibitor therapy, as a consequence of enrolling in a bariatric program, will decrease acid production further. Decreased duodeno-gastro-esophageal reflux should lead to decreased BE. In this study we examine the effect of LRYGB on regression of BE. We performed a review of all patients with biopsy proven BE, who underwent LRYGB at our institution. A total of 19 patients were identified. A subset of those patients was identified who had at least 1 year of clinical, endoscopic, or histological data, comprising a total of 14 patients. Seven of these patients had symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux. All 19 patients had short-segment BE. One patient had low-grade dysplasia. Post-LRYGB, 6 of 14 (42.9%) patients had histologic regression of BE to normal esophageal mucosa, with no evidence of ongoing BE. 13 of 14 patients (92.8%) reported compliance with continuing PPI therapy for at least the first year after surgery. Body mass index for the group of 14 patients improved from 46.6 to 30.3 kg/m(2). We recommend LRYGB as an effective combined bariatric and anti-reflux surgical procedure for patients with severe obesity and BE. In short-term follow-up, LRYGB achieved endoscopic and histologic regression to normal mucosa in a substantial number of the patients in our series. Long-term follow-up for patients with BE according to standard surveillance protocols is still recommended.

  8. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography and gastroduodenoscopy after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martinez, J; Guerrero, L; Byers, P; Lopez, P; Scagnelli, T; Azuaje, R; Dunkin, B

    2006-10-01

    The use of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) for morbid obesity has raised concern that subsequent endoscopic evaluation of the gastric remnant and duodenum is difficult. By gaining percutaneous access to the gastric remnant, however, both gastroduodenoscopy and endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) can be performed easily. This report describes the results of a novel technique for performing "transgastrostomy" gastroduodenoscopy and ERCP. Six patients with a RYGB for morbid obesity underwent transgastric remnant endoscopic evaluations. If a gastric remnant tube had not been placed during prior surgery, one was placed percutaneously by an interventional radiologist. The tube tract then was dilated to either 20- or 24-Fr. At the time of endoscopy, the gastrostomy tube was removed and the skin anesthetized. Then either a pediatric duodenoscope (outer diameter, 7.5 mm) or a slim gastroscope (outer diameter, 5.9 mm) was inserted through the gastrostomy tube tract. Percutaneous gastroduodenoscopy was successfully performed for all six patients. The findings included two patients with prepyloric ulcers identified and assessed with a biopsy, one patient with intestinal metaplasia and a benign gastric polyp, and three patients with a normal gastric remnant and duodenum. A nonstrictured enteroenterostomy was noted in one of the three patients with a normal endoscopic evaluation. Percutaneous transgastrostomy ERCP was performed for three of the six patients who underwent gastroduodenoscopy. The findings included one patient who had papillary fibrosis treated with a sphincterotomy, a second patient with a normal biliary tree, and a third patient with a normal pancreatic duct. Selective cannulation of the common bile duct was not successful in the third patient. The transgastrostomy endoscopic route ensures access to the excluded stomach and proximal small bowel after RYGB. This route is safe and effective, allowing the use of a duodenoscope to improve the

  9. Gene polymorphisms as a predictor of body weight loss after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery among obese women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Novais, Patrícia Fátima Souza; Weber, Thabata Koester; Lemke, Ney; Verlengia, Rozangela; Crisp, Alex Harley; Rasera-Junior, Irineu; de Oliveira, Maria Rita Marques

    This study aimed to investigate the association between twelve gene polymorphisms and body weight loss, 12 months after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery. Three hundred and fifty-one obese women participated in this study. The statistical software WEKA was used to identify which gene polymorphisms were potential predictors of postoperative percentage of excess weight loss (%EWL). Our results indicate that the only gene polymorphism that predicted %EWL was rs3813929, which is related to the serotonin receptor gene (5-HT2C). Therefore, the 5-HT2C gene polymorphism rs3813929 (more specifically, the TT genotype) predicted greater %EWL 12 months after RYGB surgery among female patients. Copyright © 2016 Asia Oceania Association for the Study of Obesity. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  10. Metabolic and neuroendocrine responses to Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. I: energy balance, metabolic changes, and fat loss.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, X; Lagoy, A; Discenza, I; Papineau, G; Lewis, E; Braden, G; Romanelli, J; Braun, B; Silva, J E

    2012-08-01

    Obesity is a major health problem. Effective treatment requires understanding the homeostatic responses to caloric restriction. The aim was to study Roux-en-Y gastric bypass patients longitudinally for 6 months after surgery to identify major factors modulating fat loss. We studied 13 patients (11 females and two males) aged 41.2 ± 2 yr. Mean body mass index was 44.6 ± 1.2 kg/m(2), with 50 ± 1% body fat (58.3 kg). Selection excluded patients with confounding comorbidities or treatments. Caloric intake was reduced 742 ± 82 kcal/d by 1 month and 450 kcal/d between 2 and 4 months postoperatively. By 6 months, relative to baseline, body mass index decreased 24.8 ± 1.1%; percentage body fat, 37.3 ± 3.2% (21.7 kg); fat free mass (FFM), 9.7 ± 1.2%; and resting metabolic rate (RMR), 18.1 ± 4.3%. RMR correlated with FFM at all times (r = 0.71; P Fat loss did not correlate with the aggregate energy deficit or its individual components. Resting or postexercise respiratory exchange ratio (RER) was lowest, whereas plasma β-OH-butyrate and glycerol were highest, between 1 and 2 months after surgery. RER increased linearly with mild exercise, and fat loss correlated positively with physical activity level and RER. Although the ultimate cause for weight loss is the energy deficit, the variance in fat loss correlated with glucose oxidation, suggesting that glucose partition between oxidation (muscle) and storage (adipose tissue) is an important factor affecting fat loss in individuals submitted to Roux-en-Y gastric bypass.

  11. Clinical significance of failure to lose weight 10 years after roux-en-y gastric bypass.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hawkins, Robert B; Mehaffey, J Hunter; McMurry, Timothy L; Kirby, Jennifer; Malin, Steven K; Schirmer, Bruce; Hallowell, Peter T

    2017-10-01

    Although Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) induces short-term weight loss and co-morbidity amelioration, long-term data suggest that a subset of patients return to their preoperative body mass index (BMI). To identify the clinical implications of 10-year weight loss failure after RYGB. An academic teaching hospital. Adults undergoing RYGB (1985-2004) were included in this study (n = 1087). Absolute weight loss failure was defined as ≤0% reduction in excess BMI 10 years after surgery. Univariate analyses compared co-morbidity rates and resolution by weight loss classification. Multivariable regression modeling analyzed preoperative predictors of 10-year percent reduction in excess BMI and weight loss failure. Complete follow-up was available for 617 (57%) patients with a 10-year median percent reduction in excess BMI of 57.1%; 10.2% of patients had weight loss failure. Prevalence of all co-morbidities decreased, even in patients with weight loss failure (all P<.05). Compared with patients with successful weight loss, patients with weight loss failure had similar rates of resolution of pre-existing co-morbidities, except for reduced resolution of apnea and cardiac co-morbidities (both P<.05). Risk factors for weight loss failure included lower BMI, nongovernmental insurance, longer travel time to hospital, and year of surgery. Nongovernmental insurance (odds ratio 2.03, P = .036) conferred the highest adjusted odds of weight loss failure. The vast majority of patients experience dramatic health improvement 10 years after RYGB, even though some patients fail to maintain their weight loss. Renewed focus should be placed on prevention and treatment of chronic disease, with further investigation of weight loss independent mechanisms of health improvement. Copyright © 2017 American Society for Bariatric Surgery. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  12. Oral Vitamin B12 Supplementation After Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass: a Systematic Review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahawar, Kamal K; Reid, Alastair; Graham, Yitka; Callejas-Diaz, Lindes; Parmar, Chetan; Carr, William Rj; Jennings, Neil; Singhal, Rishi; Small, Peter K

    2018-01-09

    Many respectable guidelines recommend lifelong vitamin B12 injections for Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) patients in the absence of lack of consensus on the efficacy of oral route of prophylaxis and the appropriate doses needed for this purpose. The purpose of this review was to examine the published English language scientific literature in accordance with PRISMA principles to find out if orally given vitamin B12 is adequate for prophylactic purposes in RYGB patients and the appropriate dosages needed for this purpose if it is. We examined the PubMed database for all English language articles examining various doses of oral vitamin B12 supplementation after proximal RYGB in adult patients. The search revealed 19 such articles. The data suggest that oral vitamin B12 supplementation doses of ≤ 15 μg daily are insufficient to prevent deficiency in RYGB patients. Higher supplementation doses show better results and it appears that a dose of 600.0 μg vitamin B12 daily is superior to 350.0 μg daily suggesting an incremental dose-response curve. It further appears that supplementation doses of 1000.0 μg vitamin B12 daily lead to an increase in B12 levels and are sufficient for the prevention of its deficiency in most RYGB patients. The review finds that oral supplementation doses of ≤ 15 μg vitamin B12 daily are inadequate for prophylaxis of vitamin B12 deficiency in adult RYGB patients but doses of 1000 μg vitamin B12 daily might be adequate. Future studies need to examine this and even higher oral doses for vitamin B12 supplementation for patients undergoing RYGB.

  13. Variation of Binge Eating One Year after Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass and Its Relationship with Excess Weight Loss.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luiz, Luciano Billodre; Brito, César Luis de Souza; Debon, Letícia Manoel; Brandalise, Lívia Nora; Azevedo, Juliana Tainski de; Monbach, Karin Daniele; Heberle, Luísa Schmidt; Mottin, Cláudio Corá

    2016-01-01

    Bariatric surgery is the most effective treatment for obesity classes II and III. However, some patients do not get the desired results or initially lose and then regain the lost weight. Identifying these individuals early on and treating them adequately remains a challenge. As binge eating directly affects food intake, the study of this symptom and its relation to bariatric surgery and its results is increasing, because it appears to have an influence on the results of surgery. This study aimed to see how binge eating changes, measured with the Binge Eating Scale, interferes in the % excess weight loss one year after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. We conducted a cross-sectional study with 149 patients older than 18 years who were evaluated one year after undergoing Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. The variation in the intensity of binge eating was measured with the pre- and postoperative Binge Eating Scale scores. The variation of one unit in the Binge Eating Scale implied an inverse variation of 0.41% of % excess weight loss (p<0.05). The correlation coefficient between the variation of binge eating and the % excess weight loss was -0.186 (p = 0.033). The correlation coefficient between the binge eating symptoms one year after surgery and the % excess weight loss was -0.353 (p<0.001). There was a correlation between the variation of binge eating one year after gastric bypass and the % excess weight loss. The correlation between binge eating and the % excess weight loss was greater after the surgery than it was at the preoperative stage. This study provides new, valuable information on the intensity and variation of binge eating symptoms one year after gastric bypass, which, to the best of our knowledge, have not been studied in depth earlier.

  14. Variation of Binge Eating One Year after Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass and Its Relationship with Excess Weight Loss.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciano Billodre Luiz

    Full Text Available Bariatric surgery is the most effective treatment for obesity classes II and III. However, some patients do not get the desired results or initially lose and then regain the lost weight. Identifying these individuals early on and treating them adequately remains a challenge. As binge eating directly affects food intake, the study of this symptom and its relation to bariatric surgery and its results is increasing, because it appears to have an influence on the results of surgery.This study aimed to see how binge eating changes, measured with the Binge Eating Scale, interferes in the % excess weight loss one year after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass.We conducted a cross-sectional study with 149 patients older than 18 years who were evaluated one year after undergoing Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. The variation in the intensity of binge eating was measured with the pre- and postoperative Binge Eating Scale scores.The variation of one unit in the Binge Eating Scale implied an inverse variation of 0.41% of % excess weight loss (p<0.05. The correlation coefficient between the variation of binge eating and the % excess weight loss was -0.186 (p = 0.033. The correlation coefficient between the binge eating symptoms one year after surgery and the % excess weight loss was -0.353 (p<0.001.There was a correlation between the variation of binge eating one year after gastric bypass and the % excess weight loss. The correlation between binge eating and the % excess weight loss was greater after the surgery than it was at the preoperative stage. This study provides new, valuable information on the intensity and variation of binge eating symptoms one year after gastric bypass, which, to the best of our knowledge, have not been studied in depth earlier.

  15. Tier 3 multidisciplinary medical weight management improves outcome of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patel, P; Hartland, A; Hollis, A; Ali, R; Elshaw, A; Jain, S; Khan, A; Mirza, S

    2015-04-01

    In 2013 the Department of Health specified eligibility for bariatric surgery funded by the National Health Service. This included a mandatory specification that patients first complete a Tier 3 medical weight management programme. The clinical effectiveness of this recommendation has not been evaluated previously. Our bariatric centre has provided a Tier 3 programme six months prior to bariatric surgery since 2009. The aim of our retrospective study was to compare weight loss in two cohorts: Roux-en-Y gastric bypass only (RYGB only cohort) versus Tier 3 weight management followed by RYGB (Tier 3 cohort). A total of 110 patients were selected for the study: 66 in the RYGB only cohort and 44 in the Tier 3 cohort. Patients in both cohorts were matched for age, sex, preoperative body mass index and pre-existing co-morbidities. The principal variable was therefore whether they undertook the weight management programme prior to RYGB. Patients from both cohorts were followed up at 6 and 12 months to assess weight loss. The mean weight loss at 6 months for the Tier 3 cohort was 31% (range: 18-69%, standard deviation [SD]: 0.10 percentage points) compared with 23% (range: 4-93%, SD: 0.12 percentage points) for the RYGB only cohort (p=0.0002). The mean weight loss at 12 months for the Tier 3 cohort was 34% (range: 17-51%, SD: 0.09 percentage points) compared with 27% (range: 14-48%, SD: 0.87 percentage points) in the RYGB only cohort (p=0.0037). Our study revealed that in our matched cohorts, patients receiving Tier 3 specialist medical weight management input prior to RYGB lost significantly more weight at 6 and 12 months than RYGB only patients. This confirms the clinical efficacy of such a weight management programme prior to gastric bypass surgery and supports its inclusion in eligibility criteria for bariatric surgery.

  16. Impact of laparoscopic Roux-en-Y Gastric bypass versus sleeve gastrectomy on postoperative lipid values.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Osdol, Andrew D; Grover, Brandon T; Borgert, Andrew J; Kallies, Kara J; Kothari, Shanu N

    2017-03-01

    Metabolic surgery has been shown to significantly improve many obesity-related co-morbidities, including dyslipidemia. The literature has produced mixed results comparing postoperative lipid values after laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) compared to laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG); with some indicating significantly greater reductions in total cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) in LRYGB versus LSG, and others reporting no significant differences. To evaluate the postoperative lipid values after LRYGB versus LSG at a community hospital. Integrated multispecialty health system with a community teaching hospital. A retrospective review of our prospective database was completed to identify patients who underwent either LRYGB or LSG at our institution from 2001 through 2013. Lipid values available at 6-18 months postoperative were evaluated. Statistical analysis included χ2 and Wilcoxon rank-sum tests. A P valuevalues available and included in the final analysis. Postoperative mean total cholesterol and LDL values were significantly lower in LYRGB versus LSG patients. Postoperatively, 10% and 30% of LRYGB and LSG patients had a total cholesterol values≥200 mg/dL (Pvalues≥130 mg/dL (P130 mg/dL (P = .68), respectively. HDL values were within the recommended range in 52% and 57% of LRYGB and LSG patients, respectively (P = .64). Patients who underwent LRYGB had a greater postoperative reduction in total cholesterol, LDL, and triglycerides. LRYGB may be the more appropriate bariatric procedure for patients with significant preoperative hypercholesterolemia. Copyright © 2017 American Society for Bariatric Surgery. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  17. Changes in nutrients and food groups intake following laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Gary D; Norris, Amber; Fernandez, Adolfo

    2014-11-01

    Serial changes in dietary intake, including specific food groups and nutrients during the first year following Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) are of interest due to surgically induced alterations in meal size, food intolerances present after surgery, and potential nutrient deficiencies. To help improve the nutritional health of surgical patients, this study's purpose was to examine changes in macro- and micronutrients, food groups, and selected foods during 12 months of follow-up in post-RYGB individuals. RYGB patients (n = 17) completed 4-day food records at baseline (prior to surgery) and then at 3 weeks, 3 months, 6 months, and 12 months after surgery. Mean daily intake was determined at each time for energy intake, macro- and micronutrients, food groups, and selected foods in targeted food groups. A dramatic decrease in mean (± SEM) daily energy intake occurred--2,150 ± 165 kcal at baseline vs. 649 ± 40 kcal at 3 weeks; energy intake continually increased to a high of 1,307 ± 129 kcal by 12 months. More than 50 % of patients had low intake of vitamins D, E, C, folate, and calcium, magnesium, and potassium at 12 months. Servings from vegetables, grains, fats, and sweetened beverages were lower, whereas, meats, dairy, fruits, and sweets showed only small, transient changes following surgery. The reduction in energy intake following RYGB is from selected food groups and not solely a reduction in portion sizes across the diet. The lower intake of micronutrients indicates potential risk for deficiencies unless supplements are used. These findings can help in the clinical management of surgical patients to improve nutritional health.

  18. Can Roux-en-Y gastric bypass provide a lifelong solution for diabetes mellitus?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hussain, Abdulzahra; Mahmood, Hind; El-Hasani, Shamsi

    2009-12-01

    The surgical treatment of diabetes had witnessed progressive development and success since the first case of pancreatic transplantation. Although this was a great step, wide clinical application was limited by several factors. Bariatric surgery such as gastric bypass is emerging as a promising option in obese patients with type 2 diabetes. The aim of this article is to explore the current application of gastric bypass in patients with type 2 diabetes and the theoretical bases of gastric bypass as a treatment option for type 1 diabetes. We performed a MEDLINE search for articles published from August 1955 to December 2008 using the words "surgical treatment of diabetes," "etiology of diabetes" and "gastric bypass." We identified 3215 studies and selected 72 relevant papers for review. Surgical treatment of diabetes is evolving from complex pancreatic and islets transplantation surgery for type 1 diabetes with critical postoperative outcome and follow-up to a metabolic surgery, including gastric bypass. Gastric bypass (no immune suppression or graft rejection) has proven to be highly effective treatment for obese patients and nonobese animals with type 2 diabetes. There are certain shared criteria between types 1 and 2 diabetes, making a selected spectrum of the disease a potential target for metabolic surgery to improve or cure diabetes. Roux-en-Y gastric bypass is a promising option for lifelong treatment of type 2 diabetes. It has the potential to improve or cure a selected spectrum of type 1 diabetes when performed early in the disease. Further animal model studies or randomized controlled trials are needed to support our conclusion.

  19. Longitudinal trends in hedonic hunger after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass in adolescents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cushing, Christopher C; Benoit, Stephen C; Peugh, James L; Reiter-Purtill, Jennifer; Inge, Thomas H; Zeller, Meg H

    2014-01-01

    Initial outcome studies have reported that Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is safe and efficacious for adolescents with extreme obesity. Although rapid weight loss is seen initially, data also show that modest weight regain typically occurs as early as the second postoperative year. The contribution of various psychological factors, including hedonic hunger, to postoperative weight regain has not previously been studied in adolescents. The objective of this study was to examine the variability in hedonic hunger and body mass index (BMI) over the initial 2-year period of weight loss and modest weight regain in adolescent RYGB recipients. A total of 16 adolescents completed the Power of Food Scale before surgery and at 3, 6, 12, 18, and 24 months postoperatively. Height and weight were measured at each time point, from which BMI was calculated. Nonlinear trends were observed for time on both overall hedonic hunger and hedonic hunger specifically related to food available in the adolescent's environment. The BMI reduction during the first 18 months postoperatively was paralleled by reduction in hedonic hunger; increases in hedonic hunger also paralleled the modest BMI increase at 24 months. In growth analysis, significant power gains are available to models using 4 or more points of data. However, only large effect sizes that are>.85 were detectable with a sample of 16 patients. These data provide preliminary evidence that hedonic hunger is in need of further study in adolescent patients receiving RYGB both preoperatively and postoperatively. Copyright © 2014 American Society for Bariatric Surgery. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  20. Plasma Ghrelin Levels and Weight Regain After Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass Surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abu Dayyeh, Barham K; Jirapinyo, Pichamol; Thompson, Christopher C

    2017-04-01

    Ghrelin is a gut hormone that induces hunger, gastric acid secretion, and gastrointestinal motility. A number of studies have previously demonstrated a possible correlation between a decrease in ghrelin level and weight loss after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). This study aimed to assess if there was a relationship between ghrelin level and weight regain after RYGB nadir weight had been achieved. Sixty-three consecutive RYGB patients who were referred for an upper endoscopy were enrolled. Weight and responses to the 21-item Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire (TFEQ-R21) were collected. Ghrelin levels were measured. Upper endoscopy was performed to evaluate pouch length and stoma diameter. Multivariate linear regression was performed to assess an association between ghrelin level, TFEQ-R21 score, pouch length, stoma diameter, and percentage of weight regained. Subjects were 47 ± 10 years old and had a BMI of 38 ± 7.7 kg/m 2 . Out of 63 patients, 76 % had weight regain (gaining of ≥20 % of maximal weight lost after the RYGB) and 24 % did not. Average pouch length was 44 ± 13 mm, stoma diameter 20 ± 6.6 mm, and ghrelin levels 125 ± 99 ng/ml. Ghrelin level was not associated with weight regain (β = 0.17, p = 0.2). GJ stoma diameter was associated with weight regain (β = 0.39, p Ghrelin levels do not appear to correlate with weight change after RYGB nadir weight has been achieved. A dilated GJ stoma diameter is a risk factor for weight regain and uncontrolled eating behavior after RYGB.

  1. Fast pouch emptying, delayed small intestinal transit, and exaggerated gut hormone responses after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dirksen, C; Damgaard, M; Bojsen-Møller, K N

    2013-01-01

    Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) causes extensive changes in gastrointestinal anatomy and leads to reduced appetite and large weight loss, which partly is due to an exaggerated release of anorexigenic gut hormones.......Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) causes extensive changes in gastrointestinal anatomy and leads to reduced appetite and large weight loss, which partly is due to an exaggerated release of anorexigenic gut hormones....

  2. Impact of Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass on Metabolic Syndrome and Insulin Resistance Parameters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gestic, Martinho Antonio; Utrini, Murillo Pimentel; Machado, Ricardo Rossetto; Geloneze, Bruno; Pareja, José Carlos; Chaim, Elinton Adami

    2014-01-01

    Abstract Background: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a complex association of clustering metabolic factors that increase risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and cardiovascular disease. Surgical treatment has become an important tool to achieve its control. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) on MetS and its individual components, clinical characteristics, and biochemical features. Subjects and Methods: The study is a retrospective cohort of 96 subjects with MetS who underwent RYGB and were evaluated at baseline and after surgery. Clinical and biochemical features were analyzed. Results: After surgery, significant rates of resolution for MetS (88.5%), T2DM (90.6%), hypertension (85.6%), and dyslipidemias (54.2%) were found. Significant decreases in levels of fasting glucose, fasting insulin, hemoglobin A1c, low-density lipoprotein, and triglycerides and an increase in high-density lipoprotein level were also shown. The decrease in insulin resistance evaluated by homeostasis model assessment (HOMA-IR) was consistent. MetS resolution was associated with postoperative glycemic control, decreases in levels of fasting glucose, hemoglobin A1c, HOMA-IR, and triglycerides and in antihypertensive usage, and percentage weight loss. Conclusions: This study found high rates of resolution for MetS, T2DM, hypertension, and dyslipidemias after RYGB in obese patients. This finding was consistent with current literature. Hence RYGB should be largely indicated for this group of subjects as it is a safe and powerful tool to achieve MetS control. PMID:24299427

  3. Longitudinal Trends in Hedonic Hunger following Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass in Adolescents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cushing, Christopher C.; Benoit, Stephen C.; Peugh, James L.; Reiter-Purtill, Jennifer; Inge, Thomas H.; Zeller, Meg H.

    2014-01-01

    Background Initial outcome studies have demonstrated that Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is safe and efficacious for adolescents with extreme obesity. While rapid weight loss is seen initially, data also show that modest weight regain typically occurs as early as the second post-operative year. The contribution of various psychological factors, including hedonic hunger to postoperative weight regain has not previously been studied in adolescents. Objectives To examine the variability in hedonic hunger and Body Mass Index (BMI) over the initial two-year period of weight loss and modest weight regain in adolescent RYGB recipients. Setting Academic Children’s Hospital, United States Methods A total of 16 adolescents completed the Power of Food Scale prior to surgery, and at 3-, 6-, 12-, 18-, and 24-months postoperatively. Height and weight were measured at each time point, from which BMI was calculated. Results Nonlinear trends were observed for time on both overall hedonic hunger and hedonic hunger specifically related to food available in the adolescent’s environment. The BMI reduction during the first 18-months postoperatively was paralleled by reduction in hedonic hunger; increases in hedonic hunger also paralleled the modest BMI increase at 24-months. In growth analysis, significant power gains are available to models using 4 or more points of data. However, only large effect sizes that are > .85 were detectable with a sample of 16 subjects. Conclusion These data provide preliminary evidence that hedonic hunger is in need of further study in adolescent patients receiving RYGB both pre- and post-operatively. PMID:24135561

  4. Probiotics improve outcomes after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery: a prospective randomized trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woodard, Gavitt A; Encarnacion, Betsy; Downey, John R; Peraza, Joseph; Chong, Karen; Hernandez-Boussard, Tina; Morton, John M

    2009-07-01

    Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RNYGB) surgery offers an effective and enduring treatment for morbid obesity. Gastric bypass may alter gastrointestinal (GI) flora possibly resulting in bacterial overgrowth and dysmotility. Our hypothesis was that daily use of probiotics would improve GI outcomes after RNYGB. Forty-four patients undergoing RNYGB were randomized to either a probiotic or control group; 2.4 billion colonies of Lactobacillus were administered daily postoperatively to the probiotic group. The outcomes of H(2) levels indicative of bacterial overgrowth, GI-related quality of life (GIQoL), serologies, and weight loss were measured preoperatively and at 3 and 6 months postoperatively. Categorical variables were analyzed by chi(2) test and continuous variables were analyzed by t test with a p probiotic group with a preoperative to postoperative change of sum H(2) part per million (probiotics = -32.13, controls = 0.80). Surprisingly, the probiotic group attained significantly greater percent excess weight loss than that of control group at 6 weeks (controls = 25.5%, probiotic = 29.9%) and 3 months (38.55%, 47.68%). This trend also continued but was not significant at 6 months (60.78%, 67.15%). The probiotic group had significantly higher postoperative vitamin B12 levels than the control group. Both probiotic and control groups significantly improved their GIQoL. In this novel study, probiotic administration improves bacterial overgrowth, vitamin B12 availability, and weight loss after RNYGB. These data may provide further evidence that altering the GI microbiota can influence weight loss.

  5. Superior calcium bioavailability of effervescent potassium calcium citrate over tablet formulation of calcium citrate after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sakhaee, Khashayar; Pak, Charles

    2013-01-01

    Calcium supplementation is commonly recommended for patients after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass to avert bone loss. To test the hypothesis that effervescent (liquid) potassium-calcium-citrate (PCC) might be more bioavailable than a tablet formulation of calcium citrate (Citracal Petite), the present study compared a single dose response of the 2 compounds. The present study was conducted at the University of Texas Southwestern Medical School at Dallas. A total of 15 patients who had undergone Roux-en-Y gastric bypass were included in a 2-phase, crossover, randomized study comparing the single-dose bioavailability of PCC versus Citracal Petite. After following a restricted diet for 1 week, the participants ingested either a single dose of 400 mg elemental calcium as PCC or Citracal Petite. Sequential serum and urine samples were collected for a 6-hour period after the dose and analyzed for calcium, parathyroid hormone, and acid-base parameters. Compared with citracal petite, PCC significantly increased the serum calcium concentrations at 2, 3, and 4 hours after the oral load. The peak to baseline variation and increment in serum calcium (area under the curve) were significantly greater after PCC (P = .015 and P = .002, respectively). Concurrently, the baseline to nadir variation and decrement in serum parathyroid hormone (area over the curve) were significantly greater after PCC (P = .004 and P = .005, respectively). Moreover, compared with Citracal Petite, PCC caused a significantly greater increment in urinary citrate (P < .0001) and potassium (P = .0004) and a significantly lower increase in urinary ammonium (P = .045). In patients who have undergone Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, PCC was superior to Citracal Petite in conferring bioavailable calcium and suppressing parathyroid hormone secretion. PCC also provided an alkali load. Copyright © 2013 American Society for Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  6. Uncut Esophagojejunostomy with Double Jejunal Pouch: An Alternative Reconstruction Method that Improves the Quality of Life of Patients after Total Gastrectomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gong, Jia Qing; Cao, Yong Kuan; Zhang, Guo Hu; Wang, Pei Hong; Luo, Guo De

    2017-04-01

    Currently, there is no optimal digestive tract reconstruction technique well recognized by scholars after total gastrectomy. In this study, a new reconstruction method, which is modified from the classic Roux-en-Y procedure, an uncut jejunal esophageal anastomosis with double jejunal pouch (UJEA-DJP) was established, and its advantages for improving the quality of life of patients who undergo total gastrectomy were analyzed. Altogether 160 patients with gastric cancer enrolled in our center from September 2009 to March 2012 received radical D2 total gastrectomy. According to the reconstruction methods used, these patients were divided into three groups: UJEA-DJP (n = 63), Roux-en-Y (n = 45), and P-loop with Roux-en-Y esophagojejunostomy (P-RY; n = 52). The operation time for reconstruction, complications, prognostic nutritional index (PNI), and the Visick classification among the three groups were analyzed. We found that UJEA-DJP has advantages over Roux-en-Y and P-RY regarding the time of digestive tract reconstruction, incidence rates for long-term complications, postoperative nutritional index, body weight recovery, and the Visick classification for subjective feelings (p quality of life of patients after surgical procedure.

  7. Weight loss and dietary intake after vertical banded gastroplasty and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brolin, R L; Robertson, L B; Kenler, H A; Cody, R P

    1994-01-01

    OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this study was to learn whether preoperative eating habits can be used to predict outcome after vertical banded gastroplasty (VBG) and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). BACKGROUND SUMMARY. Several independent randomized and sequential studies have reported significantly greater weight loss after RYGB in comparison with VBG. Although the mechanism responsible for weight loss after both procedures is restriction of intake rather than malabsorption, the relationships between calorie intake, food preferences, and postoperative weight loss are not well defined. METHODS. During the past 5 years, 138 patients were prospectively selected for either VBG or RYGB, based on their preoperative eating habits. All patients were screened by a dietitian who determined total calorie intake and diet composition before recommending VBG or RYGB. Thirty patients were selected for VBG; the remaining 108 patients were classified as "sweets eaters" or "snackers" and had RYGB. Detailed recall diet histories also were performed at each postoperative visit. RESULTS. Early morbidity rate was zero after VBG versus 3% after RYGB. There were no deaths. Mean follow-up was 39 +/- 11 months after VBG and 38 +/- 14 months after RYGB. Mean weight loss peaked at 74 +/- 23 lb at 12 months after VBG and 99 +/- 24 lb at 16 months after RYGB (p or = 50% of their excess weight versus 100 of 108 RYGB patients (p < or = 0.0001). Milk/ice cream intake was significantly greater postoperatively in patients who underwent VBG versus patients who underwent RYGB after 6 months (p < or = 0.003), whereas solid sweets intake was significantly greater after VBG during the first 18 months postoperatively (p < or = 0.004). Revision of VBG was performed in 6 of 30 patients (20%) for complications or poor weight loss, whereas only 2 of 108 patients who underwent RYGB required surgical revisions (p < or = 0.001). CONCLUSIONS. These data show that VBG adversely alters postoperative eating behavior

  8. Barrett's esophagus after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass: does regression occur?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gorodner, Verónica; Buxhoeveden, Rudolf; Clemente, Gastón; Sánchez, Christian; Caro, Luis; Grigaites, Alejandro

    2017-04-01

    Barrett's esophagus (BE) is recognized as a premalignant lesion for esophageal adenocarcinoma. BE appears as a consequence of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), which is increased among obese population. Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) is the best treatment option for obesity combined with GERD. However, data on evolution of BE after LRYGB are scarce. Patients were studied with esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) and gastric biopsy preoperatively. If BE was suspected, esophageal biopsy was performed. If BE was confirmed, LRYGB was indicated with yearly surveillance EGD with biopsies. LRYGB patients who had BE with at least 1-year follow-up were included. Between 10/07 and 1/16, 2144 patients underwent laparoscopic bariatric surgery at our institution. There were 1681 (78 %) LRYGB, 399 (19 %) laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomies, and 64 (3 %) revisions. Nineteen patients (0.9 %) had BE preoperatively, and they all underwent LRYGB; 11 of them (58 %) were eligible for this study. There were 6 women and 5 men, mean age 49 ± 11 years, initial BMI 44 ± 6 kg/m2. Mean follow-up was 41 ± 31 months; there were 9 short-segment BE (SSBE) and 2 long-segment BE (LSBE). On pre- and post-op EGD, BE length was 2.1 ± 1.6 and 1.2 ± 1.2 cm, respectively (p = NS). Post-op EGD was compatible with BE in all cases, although esophageal biopsy showed remission in 4 (36 %) cases: three short-segment BE (SSBE) and one long-segment BE (LSBE). One patient was indefinite for dysplasia and remained the same after the operation. Our preliminary data showed that LRYGB is a suitable treatment option for obese patients with BE, demonstrated by 36 % regression rate of this premalignant disease. Although BE persisted in the remaining patients, no progression to dysplasia was observed. A larger number of patients and longer follow-up are needed for more definitive conclusions.

  9. Metabolic syndrome remission after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass or sleeve gastrectomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nassour I

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Ibrahim Nassour,1 Jaime P Almandoz,2 Beverley Adams-Huet,3,4 Sachin Kukreja,5 Nancy Puzziferri1,5 1Department of Surgery, 2Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Endocrinology, 3Department of Clinical Sciences, 4Department of Internal Medicine, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, 5Department of Surgery, Veterans Affairs North Texas Health Care System, Dallas, TX, USA Background: Bariatric surgery is known to decrease weight and the prevalence of comorbidities, but there is little evidence on the differential effect of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB and sleeve gastrectomy (SG on the remission of the aggregate outcome, metabolic syndrome, 4 years after surgery. The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of RYGB and SG on metabolic syndrome in veterans. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed consecutive patients who underwent SG and RYGB at the Dallas Veterans Affairs Medical Center from 2003 to 2012. We determined the effect of both the operations on the remission of metabolic syndrome, its individual components, and medium-term morbidity and mortality. A sensitivity analysis was performed using propensity matching.Results: A total of 266 patients were identified (159 RYGB and 107 SG with 96% follow-up after 4 years. The mean age of the cohort was 51.4 years; the majority of patients were male (59% and Caucasian (69%. RYGB patients had a greater mean body mass index and were more likely to have hypertension or hypertriglyceridemia. RYGB was associated with a similar metabolic syndrome remission to SG (37.6% vs 26.8%; P=0.09. The percentage of weight loss was 26.5% after RYGB and 10.8% after SG at 4 years post operation (P<0.01. Predictors of metabolic syndrome persistence were male gender, type 2 diabetes, and low high-density lipoprotein. While both the operations were associated with similar mortality (RYGB 4.4%, SG 2.8%; P=0.74, RYGB was associated with a greater rate of morbidity. Conclusion: RYGB and SG seem

  10. Total Reconstruction of the Afferent Loop for Treatment of Radiation-Induced Afferent Loop Obstruction with Segmental Involvement after Pancreaticoduodenectomy with Roux-en-Y Reconstruction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Konstantinos Blouhos

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available As the literature on afferent loop obstruction (ALO after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD is very limited, standardized rules for its management do not exist. Herein, we report the case of a 65-year-old male patient with chronic ALO who had undergone PD with single Roux-en-Y limb reconstruction and adjuvant chemoradiation therapy for pancreatic head adenocarcinoma 2 years earlier. The patient was brought to the operating room with the diagnosis of radiation enteritis of the afferent loop with segmental involvement and concurrent hepaticojejunostomy (HJ and pancreaticojejunostomy (PJ stricture. Complete mobilization of the afferent loop, removal of the affected segment and reconstruction were performed. Reconstruction of the afferent loop was a one-way option for the surgeons because the Roux-en-Y reconstruction limited endoscopic access to the afferent loop, and the segmental radiation injury of the afferent loop ruled out bypass surgery. However, mobilization of the affected segment through a field of dense adhesions and revision of the HJ and PJ were technically demanding.

  11. Incidência da deficiência de vitamina B12 em pacientes submetidos à cirurgia bariátrica pela técnica Fobi-Capella (Y-de-Roux Incidence of vitamin B12 deficiency in patients submitted to Fobi-Capella Roux-en-Y bariatric surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iara Ribeiro Carvalho

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available RACIONAL: Os pacientes submetidos à cirurgia bariátrica podem desenvolver, ao longo do tempo, algumas complicações e a anemia é quadro importante decorrente da ressecção gástrica, levando à deficiência de ferro, ácido fólico ou vitamina B. OBJETIVO: Verificar a incidência da deficiência de vitamina B12 e comparar dados antropométricos e bioquímicos do pré e pós-operatório (seis meses, em pacientes submetidos à cirurgia bariátrica Fobi-Capella (Y de Roux. MÉTODOS: Análise retrospectiva e descritiva de 91 prontuários de pacientes submetidos à operação. Foram coletadas informações pessoais, data do procedimento e valores do pré e pós-operatório (seis meses, redução de peso, co-morbidades, colesterol, triglicérides, glicemia, vitamina B12, hemoglobina e hematócrito. Para análise estatística foi utilizado nível de significância de 5% (pBACKGROUND: Patients undergoing bariatric surgery may develop over time, some complications and anemia is an important one due to gastric resection, leading to iron, folic acid or vitamin B12 deficiency. AIM: To determine the incidence of deficiency of vitamin B12 and other anthropometric and biochemical data comparing the preoperative and postoperative (six months period in patients who underwent bariatric surgery with Fobi-Capella (Roux-en-Y technique. METHODS: Retrospective and descriptive analysis of 91 charts of patients who underwent surgery. It was collected personal information, date of surgery and pre-and postoperative (six months values, weight loss, comorbidities, serum analysis of total cholesterol, triglycerides, glucose, vitamin B12, hemoglobin and hematocrit. For statistical analysis, it was considered significance level of 5% (p<0.05. RESULTS: It was found that there was a reduction in weight of 25,0% compared with the preoperative value and the average BMI was from 41,2±4,9 kg/m² to 30,7±3,9 kg/m². The most common co-morbidities were dyspnea (93,4%, spine

  12. Unsatisfactory weight loss after vertical banded gastroplasty: is conversion to Roux-en-Y gastric bypass successful?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cordera, Fernando; Mai, Jane L; Thompson, Geoffrey B; Sarr, Michael G

    2004-10-01

    In 1991, the National Institutes of Health sanctioned 2 operations for treatment of morbid obesity: vertical banded gastroplasty (VBG) and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). Long-term results with VBG are disappointing. We wondered whether patients who had "adapted" to the VBG anatomy and had regained weight would lose weight after conversion to RYGB. We reviewed data on patients undergoing conversion of VBG to RGYB. Fifty-four patients (mean body mass index [BMI] of 46 kg/m2 [range, 36-66]) underwent standard (48 patients) or distal (malabsorptive) (6 patients) RYGB. There were no perioperative deaths; postoperative morbidity delaying discharge occurred in 7 patients (13%). Follow-up (complete in 51 patients, x=6.1 years) was obtained by mail questionnaires and patient contact. Mean BMI decreased to 35 kg/m 2 (range, 22-47), and 59% of the patients with >1 year follow-up had a BMI <35 kg/m2 . The number of patients requiring positive pressure oxygen for sleep apnea decreased by half; most patients discontinued or decreased the number of medications treating weight-related comorbidities. At last follow-up, 90% of patients were satisfied subjectively with the results. Conversion of VBG to RYGB is safe and provides weight loss, improved quality of life, and reversal of weight related comorbidities.

  13. A Different Kind of Craving: Incidence and Treatment of Pica After Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Osdol, Andrew D; Kallies, Kara J; Fredrickson, Kyla A; Kothari, Shanu N

    2017-09-01

    Iron deficiency can occur in patients after Roux-en-y gastric bypass due to altered absorption. Pica, the compulsive craving and intake of non-nutritive substances, is a rare and poorly understood presentation of iron deficiency. To our knowledge, the rate of pica after RYGB has never been reported. The medical records of patients who underwent laparoscopic RYGB from 2001 to 2011 were reviewed. Patients with pica or other abnormal cravings were identified. Pica was identified in 16/959 (1.7%) patients who underwent RYGB during the study period. The most common presenting sign was pagophagia. All patients with pica were female and had multiple risk factors for iron deficiency with 13/16 being premenopausal and 7/16 non-compliant with oral iron supplementation. Pica symptoms presented at a mean of 3.9 ± 1.9 years after RYGB. Iron deficiency was identified in all 16 patients, with a median ferritin level of 5.0 ng/mL (range 2-27). All 16 patients received intravenous iron and pica symptoms resolved. Pica is a rare phenomenon associated with iron deficiency and can occur despite oral iron supplementation. In our experience, intravenous iron can relieve symptoms. Patients considering bariatric surgery should be counseled on pica. Patients with unusual cravings should be evaluated for iron deficiency.

  14. Accelerated protein digestion and amino acid absorption after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bojsen-Møller, Anna Kirstine; Jacobsen, Siv H; Dirksen, Carsten

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) involves exclusion of major parts of the stomach and changes in admixture of gastro-pancreatic enzymes, which could have a major impact on protein digestion and amino acid absorption. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the effect of RYGB on amino acid appearance......: RYGB accelerates caseinate digestion and amino acid absorption, resulting in faster and higher but more transient postprandial elevation of plasma amino acids. Changes are likely mediated by accelerated intestinal nutrient entry and clearly demonstrate that protein digestion is not impaired after RYGB...

  15. Concurrent bariatric surgery and paraesophageal hernia repair: comparison of sleeve gastrectomy and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shada, Amber L; Stem, Miloslawa; Funk, Luke M; Greenberg, Jacob A; Lidor, Anne O

    2017-07-29

    Paraesophageal hernia (PEH) is a common condition that bariatric surgeons encounter. Expert opinion is split on whether bariatric surgery and PEH repair should be completed concurrently or sequentially. We hypothesized that concurrent bariatric surgery and PEH repair is safe. We examined 30-day outcomes after concomitant PEH repair and bariatric surgery. National database, United States. Using the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database (2011-2014), we identified patients who underwent laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) or laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) with or without PEH repair. A propensity score-matching algorithm was used to compare patients who underwent either LRYGB or LSG with PEH repair. The primary outcome was overall morbidity. Secondary outcomes included mortality, serious morbidity, readmission, and reoperation. Of the 76,343 patients in this study, 5958 (7.80%) underwent PEH repair concurrently with bariatric surgery. The frequency of bariatric operations that included PEH repair increased over time (2.14% in 2010 versus 12.17% in 2014, Pbariatric surgery does not appear to be associated with increased morbidity or mortality. A concurrent approach to treat patients with severe obesity and PEH appears safe. Copyright © 2017 American Society for Bariatric Surgery. All rights reserved.

  16. Early dumping syndrome is not a complication but a desirable feature of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laurenius, A; Engström, M

    2016-10-01

    Early dumping syndrome after gastric bypass surgery due to rapid delivery of hyperosmolar nutrients into the bowel causing intense symptoms is often described as a complication. Twelve patients, mean age 47 years, were interviewed approximately 9 years post-operation. The interviews were audiotaped and transcribed verbatim, followed by an inductive content analysis to reveal patients' experience of the dumping syndrome. The core category 'Dumping syndrome is a positive consequence of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery and a tool to control food intake' was identified based on the following four sub-categories: (i) 'The multidimensional emergence and effects of dumping syndrome', (ii) 'Dumping syndrome as something positive although unpleasant', (iii) 'Developing coping mechanisms and ingenious strategies' and (iv) 'My own fault if I expose myself to dumping syndrome'. From the patients' perspective, dumping syndrome gives control over food intake; although the symptoms were unpleasant, patients considered dumping syndrome as a positive protection against over-consumption. Hence, healthcare professionals should not present dumping syndrome as a complication but rather as an aid to control eating behaviour and excessive food intake. © 2016 World Obesity.

  17. Long-term outcomes of Roux-en-Y and Billroth-I reconstruction after laparoscopic distal gastrectomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Inokuchi, Mikito; Kojima, Kazuyuki; Yamada, Hiroyuki; Kato, Keiji; Hayashi, Mikiko; Motoyama, Kazuo; Sugihara, Kenichi

    2013-01-01

    Laparoscopic distal gastrectomy (LDG) is an established procedure for the treatment of early gastric cancer. Roux-en-Y (R-Y) or Billroth-I (B-I) reconstruction is generally performed after LDG in Japan. The aim of this retrospective cohort study was to compare the effectiveness of R-Y and B-I reconstructions and thereby determine which has better clinical outcomes. We analyzed data from 172 patients with gastric cancer who underwent LDG. Reconstruction was done by R-Y in 83 patients and B-I in 89. All patients were followed up for 5 years. Evaluated variables included symptoms, nutritional status, endoscopic findings, gallstone formation, and later gastrointestinal complications. Scores for the amount of residue in the gastric stump, remnant gastritis, and bile reflux, calculated according to the "residue, gastritis, bile" scoring system, were significantly lower in the R-Y group (score 0 vs. 1 and more; p = 0.027, esophagitis was significantly lower in the R-Y group (p esophagitis.

  18. Weight-reducing gastroplasty with Roux-en-Y gastric bypass: impact on vitamin D status and bone remodeling markers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biagioni, Maria Fernanda G; Mendes, Adriana L; Nogueira, Célia R; Paiva, Sérgio A R; Leite, Celso V; Mazeto, Gláucia M F S

    2014-02-01

    Despite the weight loss benefits of bariatric surgery, studies have shown considerably compromised nutritional conditions, particularly in relation to bone metabolism, in patients who have undergone this procedure. The goal of this study was evaluate bone metabolism alterations after gastroplasty through the concentrations of carboxy-terminal cross-linking telopeptides of type-I collagen (CTX) and bone-specific alkaline phosphatase (BSAP) and vitamin D status. This study, conducted at the Botucatu School of Medicine University Hospital, UNESP, analyzed 22 women with body mass index (BMI) values higher than 35 kg/m(2) who had undergone Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery, prior to and 3 and 6 months after the procedure. The patients were evaluated in relation to their anthropometric profile. Obese patients showed a vitamin D status that was compatible with moderate depletion, thus correlating negatively with parathyroid hormone (PTH) and positively with CTX. After surgery, 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] and CTX concentrations increased significantly. Other tests (calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, total AP and BSAP, and PTH) did not differ between the times of analysis and remained stable within the range of normality. Body fat correlated only with 25(OH)D concentrations and was inversely proportional to their increase. There was a positive correlation between PTH and CTX prior to surgery. Hypovitaminosis D is prevalent in obese individuals, and RYGB is related to CTX increase without BSAP alteration in the first follow-up semester.

  19. Initial evaluation of laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass and adjustable gastric banding in Korea: a single institution study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Hongchan; Kim, Dohyoung; Lee, Sangkuon; Nam, Kwanwoo; Kim, Eungkook

    2010-08-01

    Obesity becomes a global epidemic disease, and bariatric surgery is increasing in Korea as well as in western countries. The first laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGBP) was performed in 2003, and the Lap Band was approved for use in Korea in 2004. There are no data regarding gastric bypass and adjustable gastric banding regarding weight loss as well as changing of pre-existing comorbidities up to date. St. Mary's Hospital Center, main leader of bariatric surgery in Korea, performed 76 weight loss operations [LRYGBP = 25, laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) = 51] for morbid obesity. We retrospectively reviewed a series of bariatric cases and examined changes of weight loss, postoperative complications, and pre-existing comorbidities between two procedures. There were no significant differences in age, BMI, sex distribution, pre-existing comorbidities in two procedures. Patients undergoing LRYGBP had longer operative times, more blood loss, and longer hospital stays. There is significant difference regarding postoperative complication (p joint disease, and diabetes mellitus were more likely to improve than the patients after LAGB at early postoperative period. The results of our initial study indicate that LRYGBP and LAGB are technically feasible and safe. It is a low rate of major postoperative complications without mortality. LRYGBP and LAGB are quite satisfactory and promising bariatric procedures with significant weight loss and improvement of obesity-related metabolic comorbidities in Korean.

  20. Routine supplementation does not warrant the nutritional status of vitamin d adequate after gastric bypass Roux-en-Y.

    Science.gov (United States)

    da Rosa, Cintia Leticia; Dames Olivieri Saubermann, Ana Paula; Jacqueline, Jacqueline; Pereira, Silvia Elaine; Saboya, Carlos; Ramalho, Andréa

    2013-01-01

    Bariatric surgery can lead to nutritional deficiencies, including those related to bone loss. The aim of this study was to evaluate serum concentrations of calcium, vitamin D and PTH in obese adults before and six months after gastric bypass surgery in Roux-en-Y (RYGB) and evaluate the doses of calcium and vitamin D supplementation after surgery. Retrospective longitudinal study of adult patients of both sexes undergoing RYGB. We obtained data on weight, height, BMI and serum concentrations of 25-hydroxyvitamin D, ionized calcium and PTH. Following surgery, patients received dietary supplementation daily 500 mg calcium carbonate and 400 IU vitamin D. We studied 56 women and 27 men. Preoperative serum concentrations of vitamin D were inadequate in 45% of women and 37% of men, while in the postoperative period 91% of women and 85% of men had deficiency of this vitamin. No change in serum calcium was found before and after surgery. Serum PTH preoperatively remained adequate in 89% of individuals of both sexes. After surgery serum concentrations remained adequate and 89% women and 83% men evaluated. Obesity appears to be a risk factor for the development of vitamin D. The results show that supplementation routine postoperative was unable to treat and prevent vitamin D deficiency in obese adults undergoing RYGB. Copyright © AULA MEDICA EDICIONES 2013. Published by AULA MEDICA. All rights reserved.

  1. Reprogramming of defended body weight after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery in diet-induced obese mice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hao, Zheng; Mumphrey, Michael B.; Townsend, R. Leigh; Morrison, Christopher D.; Münzberg, Heike; Ye, Jianping; Berthoud, Hans-Rudolf

    2015-01-01

    Objective Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery (RYGB) results in sustained lowering of body weight in most patients, but the mechanisms involved are poorly understood. The aim of this study was to obtain support for the notion that reprogramming of defended body weight, rather than passive restriction of energy intake, is a fundamental mechanism of RYGB. Methods Male C57BL6J mice reaching different degrees of obesity on a high-fat diet either with ad libitum access or with caloric restriction (weight-reduced) were subjected to RYGB. Results RYGB-induced weight loss and fat mass loss was proportional to pre-surgical levels, with moderately obese mice losing less body weight and fat compared with very obese mice. Remarkably, mice that were weight-reduced to the level of chow controls before surgery, immediately gained weight after surgery, exclusively accounted for by lean mass gain. Conclusions The results provide additional evidence for re-programming of a new defended body weight as an important principle by which RYGB lastingly suppresses body weight. RYGB appears to selectively abolish defense of a higher fat mass level, while remaining sensitive to the defense of lean mass. The molecular and physiological mechanisms underlying this re-programming remain to be elucidated. PMID:26847390

  2. Reprogramming of defended body weight after Roux-En-Y gastric bypass surgery in diet-induced obese mice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hao, Zheng; Mumphrey, Michael B; Townsend, R Leigh; Morrison, Christopher D; Münzberg, Heike; Ye, Jianping; Berthoud, Hans-Rudolf

    2016-03-01

    Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery (RYGB) results in sustained lowering of body weight in most patients, but the mechanisms involved are poorly understood. The aim of this study was to obtain support for the notion that reprogramming of defended body weight, rather than passive restriction of energy intake, is a fundamental mechanism of RYGB. Male C57BL6J mice reaching different degrees of obesity on a high-fat diet either with ad libitum access or with caloric restriction (weight-reduced) were subjected to RYGB. RYGB-induced weight loss and fat mass loss were proportional to pre-surgical levels, with moderately obese mice losing less body weight and fat compared with very obese mice. Remarkably, mice that were weight-reduced to the level of chow controls before surgery immediately gained weight after surgery, exclusively accounted for by lean mass gain. The results provide additional evidence for reprogramming of a new defended body weight as an important principle by which RYGB lastingly suppresses body weight. RYGB appears to selectively abolish defense of a higher fat mass level, while remaining sensitive to the defense of lean mass. The molecular and physiological mechanisms underlying this reprogramming remain to be elucidated. © 2016 The Obesity Society.

  3. Roux-en-Y gastric bypass vs intensive medical management for the control of type 2 diabetes, hypertension, and hyperlipidemia: the Diabetes Surgery Study randomized clinical trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ikramuddin, Sayeed; Korner, Judith; Lee, Wei-Jei; Connett, John E; Inabnet, William B; Billington, Charles J; Thomas, Avis J; Leslie, Daniel B; Chong, Keong; Jeffery, Robert W; Ahmed, Leaque; Vella, Adrian; Chuang, Lee-Ming; Bessler, Marc; Sarr, Michael G; Swain, James M; Laqua, Patricia; Jensen, Michael D; Bantle, John P

    2013-06-05

    Controlling glycemia, blood pressure, and cholesterol is important for patients with diabetes. How best to achieve this goal is unknown. To compare Roux-en-Y gastric bypass with lifestyle and intensive medical management to achieve control of comorbid risk factors. A 12-month, 2-group unblinded randomized trial at 4 teaching hospitals in the United States and Taiwan involving 120 participants who had a hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) level of 8.0% or higher, body mass index (BMI) between 30.0 and 39.9, C peptide level of more than 1.0 ng/mL, and type 2 diabetes for at least 6 months. The study began in April 2008. Lifestyle-intensive medical management intervention and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery. Medications for hyperglycemia, hypertension, and dyslipidemia were prescribed according to protocol and surgical techniques that were standardized. Composite goal of HbA1c less than 7.0%, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol less than 100 mg/dL, and systolic blood pressure less than 130 mm Hg. All 120 patients received the intensive lifestyle-medical management protocol and 60 were randomly assigned to undergo Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. After 12-months, 28 participants (49%; 95% CI, 36%-63%) in the gastric bypass group and 11 (19%; 95% CI, 10%-32%) in the lifestyle-medical management group achieved the primary end points (odds ratio [OR], 4.8; 95% CI, 1.9-11.7). Participants in the gastric bypass group required 3.0 fewer medications (mean, 1.7 vs 4.8; 95% CI for the difference, 2.3-3.6) and lost 26.1% vs 7.9% of their initial body weigh compared with the lifestyle-medical management group (difference, 17.5%; 95% CI, 14.2%-20.7%). Regression analyses indicated that achieving the composite end point was primarily attributable to weight loss. There were 22 serious adverse events in the gastric bypass group, including 1 cardiovascular event, and 15 in the lifestyle-medical management group. There were 4 perioperative complications and 6 late postoperative complications. The gastric

  4. The impact of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery on normal metabolism in a porcine model

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindqvist, Andreas; Ekelund, Mikael; Garcia-Vaz, Eliana

    2017-01-01

    BACKGROUND: A growing body of literature on Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery (RYGB) has generated inconclusive results on the mechanism underlying the beneficial effects on weight loss and glycaemia, partially due to the problems of designing clinical studies with the appropriate controls. Moreover...

  5. INFLAMMATORY DISORDERS ASSOCIATED WITH HELICOBACTER PYLORI IN THE ROUX-EN-Y BYPASS GASTRIC POUCH.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chaves, Luiz Claudio Lopes; Borges, Isabela Klautau Leite Chaves; Souza, Maíra Danielle Gomes de; Silva, Ian Passos; Silva, Lyz Bezerra; Magalhães, Marcelo Alexandre Prado; Fonseca, Allan Herbert Feliz; Campos, Josemberg Marins

    The prevalence of Helicobacter pylori in obese candidates for bariatric surgery and its role in the emergence of inflammatory lesions after surgery has not been well established. To identify the incidence of inflammatory lesions in the stomach after bariatric surgery and to correlate it with H. pylori infection. This is a prospective study with 216 patients undergoing Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. These patients underwent histopathological endoscopy to detect H. pylori prior to surgery. Positive cases were treated with antibiotics and a proton inhibitor pump followed by endoscopic follow-up in the 6th and 12th month after surgery. Most patients were female (68.1%), with grade III obesity (92.4%). Preoperative endoscopy revealed gastritis in 96.8%, with H. pylori infection in 40.7% (88/216). A biopsy was carried out in 151 patients, revealing H. pylori in 60/151, related to signs of inflammation in 90% (54/60). In the 6th and 12th month after surgery, the endoscopy and the histopathological exam showed a normal gastric pouch in 84% of patients and the incidence of H. pylori was 11% and 16%, respectively. The presence of inflammation was related to H. pylori infection (ppresent in the new gastric reservoir it is directly related to H. pylori infection. Helicobacter pylori é responsável por várias doenças gastrointestinais. Com o aumento de cirurgia bariátrica no país, há poucos estudos sobre a prevalência desta bactéria em obesos com indicação cirúrgica e o seu papel no surgimento de lesões inflamatórias no pós-operatório. Identificar a incidência de lesões inflamatórias no estômago pós-cirurgia bariátrica e correlacionar com a infecção por H. pylori. Estudo prospectivo com dois grupos de pacientes. Em ambos os grupos verificou-se a prevalência do H. pylori no pré-operatório através de histopatologia, mas em apenas um dos grupos, nos casos de H. pylori positivo realizou-se o tratamento com antibioticoterapia e inibidor de bomba de próton com

  6. 30-day readmission rates at a high volume bariatric surgery center: laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding, laparoscopic gastric bypass, and vertical banded gastroplasty-Roux-en-Y gastric bypass.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saunders, John K; Ballantyne, Garth H; Belsley, Scott; Stephens, Daniel; Trivedi, Amit; Ewing, Douglas R; Iannace, Vincent; Capella, Rafael F; Wasielewski, Annette; Moran, S; Schmidt, Hans J

    2007-09-01

    Recent studies suggest that weight loss operations may actually increase the costs to society due to increased hospital readmission rates. The purpose of this study was to determine the 30-day readmission rates following bariatric operations at a high volume bariatric surgery program. Records for all patients undergoing bariatric operations during a 3-year period were harvested from the hospital electronic medical database. All hospital readmissions within 30 days of surgery were reviewed to determine the cause, demographics, and patient characteristics. Logistic regression analysis assessed the impact of various factors on the risk of readmission. 2,823 consecutive patients were identified using the corrected operative log. Of these patients, 165 (5.8%) patients required 184 (6.5%) readmissions within 30 days of their index bariatric operation. Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) had the lowest patient readmission rate of 3.1%; vertical banded gastroplasty-Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (VBG-RYGBP) 6.8% and Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGBP) 7.3%. Technical considerations were the most common cause for readmission (41% of readmissions). White race and undergoing LAGB decreased the odds for readmission, while total operating-room time >120 minutes, initial hospital stay of >3 days and deep venous thrombosis increased the odds for readmission. This study found an overall 30-day readmission rate of 6.5% following bariatric operations at a high volume bariatric surgery program. This study supports the concept of bariatric surgery Centers of Excellence and accreditation of Bariatric Surgery Programs based on hospital volume of bariatric operations.

  7. Is Daily Low-Dose Aspirin Safe to Take Following Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass for Obesity Surgery?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kang, Xian; Hong, Dennis; Anvari, Mehran; Tiboni, Maria; Amin, Nalin; Gmora, Scott

    2017-05-01

    Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) surgery is a safe and effective procedure for patients with severe obesity. One potential complication of LRYGB is the development of marginal ulcers (MUs). Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are known to significantly increase the likelihood of developing marginal ulcers after surgery. However, the risk associated with low-dose aspirin consumption is not well defined. We examined the impact of daily low-dose aspirin (81 mg) on the development of marginal ulcers following LRYGB. A retrospective cohort design studied patients undergoing LRYGB surgery, between January 2009 and January 2013, at a single, high-volume bariatric center in Ontario, Canada. The marginal ulcer rate of patients taking low-dose aspirin after surgery was compared to that of the control patients who did not take any NSAID. Diagnosis of MU was confirmed by upper endoscopy in patients presenting with symptoms and a history indicative of marginal ulceration. A chi-square test of independence was performed to examine the difference in marginal ulcer rates. A total of 1016 patients underwent LRYGB. Patients taking aspirin were more likely to be male, older, and have diabetes than patients not taking NSAIDs. Of the 1016 patients, 145 (14.3%) took low-dose aspirin following LRYGB and the rest did not (n = 871, 85.7%). The incidence of marginal ulceration was not significantly different between the two treatment groups (12/145, 8.3% versus 90/871, 10.3%; p = 0.45). Patients treated with LRYGB at our institution were not at increased risk of marginal ulcer formation when taking low-dose aspirin after surgery.

  8. Hedonic changes in food choices following Roux-en-Y gastric bypass

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Thea Toft; Jakobsen, Tine Anette; Nielsen, Mette Søndergaard

    2016-01-01

    It has been suggested that a shift in food choices leading to a diet with a lower energy density plays an important role in successful weight loss after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery. A decreased hedonic drive to consume highly palatable foods may explain these changes in eating behavior....... Here, we review the literature examining postoperative changes in mechanisms contributing to hedonic drive (food preferences, reinforcing value of food, dopamine signaling, and activity reward-related brain regions). The majority of studies reviewed support that RYGB decrease the hedonic drive...... to consume highly palatable foods. Still, in order to fully understand the complexity of these changes, we need studies combining sociological and psychological approaches with objective measures of actual food choices examining different measures of hedonic drive....

  9. Changes in Gut Hormones After Roux en Y Gastric bypass, Sleeve Gastrectomy, and Adjustable Gastric Banding

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miroslav Ilić

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The obesity epidemic has burdened healthcare systems worldwide. Bariatric surgery is currently the most effective method for long-term weight loss in obese adults, but the exact mechanism of weight loss is poorly understood. Bariatric procedures were initially classified by their presumed mechanism of action into restrictive, malabsoptive, or mixed procedures; however, due to recent advancements in the field of neuroendocrinology, hormones are increasing being recognized as important regulators of satiation, hunger, and energy expenditure. Studies examining changes in gut hormones following bariatric surgery have yielded conflicting results and the relationship between these hormones and weight loss is nothing but clear. This review will summarize the effect of Roux en Y gastric bypass, sleeve gastrectomy and adjustable gastric banding on various gut hormones including ghrelin, cholecystokinin, glucagon-like polypeptide-1, peptide YY3, and pancreatic polypeptide. Furthermore, the relationship between these hormones and weight loss will be examined.

  10. Gastrojejunal Anastomosis Perforation after Gastric Bypass on a Patient with Underlying Pancreatic Cancer: A Case Report and Review of the Literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Omar Bellorin

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. We describe a case of gastrojejunal anastomosis perforation after gastric bypass on a patient with underlying pancreatic cancer. Case Description. A 54-year-old female with past surgical history of gastric bypass for morbid obesity and recent diagnosis of unresectable pancreatic cancer presents with abdominal pain, peritonitis, and sepsis. Computerized axial tomography scan shows large amount of intraperitoneal free air. The gastric remnant is markedly distended and a large pancreatic head mass is seen. Intraoperative findings were consistent with a perforated ulcer located at the gastrojejunal anastomosis and a distended gastric remnant caused by a pancreatic mass invading and obstructing the second portion of the duodenum. The gastrojejunal perforation was repaired using an omental patch. A gastrostomy for decompression of the remnant was also performed. The patient had a satisfactory postoperative period and was discharged on day 7. Discussion. Perforation of the gastrojejunal anastomosis after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass is an unusual complication. There is no correlation between the perforation and the presence of pancreatic cancer. They represent two different conditions that coexisted. The presence of a gastrojejunal perforation made the surgeon aware of the advanced stage of the pancreatic cancer.

  11. Small bowel obstruction after antecolic and antegastric laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass: could the incidence be reduced?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodríguez, Arturo; Mosti, Maureen; Sierra, Mauricio; Pérez-Johnson, Rocío; Flores, Salvador; Dominguez, Guillermo; Sánchez, Hugo; Zarco, Artemio; Romay, Karen; Herrera, Miguel F

    2010-10-01

    Small bowel obstruction (SBO) after laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) may be related to the surgical technique used. The frequency and characteristics of postoperative SBO were studied in two cohorts of patients after LRYGB. In a 4-year period, 359 patients underwent LRYGB as an initial bariatric operation at our clinic. Patients were divided into two groups. In Group 1 (n = 187), the mesentery of the jejunum was widely divided, the mesenteric defect was closed, and Petersen's space was not sutured. In Group 2 (n = 172), the mesentery was not divided, and both the mesenteric folds and Petersen's space were closed. Episodes of SBO, etiology, treatment, and outcome were analyzed and compared. There were 141 males and 218 females, with mean age of 41 ± 11 years. Preoperative BMI was 43.2 ± 7 kg/m(2). In Group 1, 29/187 patients (15.5%) developed SBO at a mean follow-up of 15 ± 6.4 months. In Group 2, 2/172 patients (1.1%) developed SBO at 12.3 ± 6.7 months. Internal hernia was responsible for the SBO in 29 patients (19 through the adjacent mesenteric defect and 10 through Petersen's space). Mean EWL at the time of SBO was 82.2 ± 22.7%. SBO was successfully resolved by laparoscopy in 25 patients, conversion was necessary in three, and one was treated by open surgery. One patient presented intestinal perforation after revision. Surgical details such as leaving the jejunal mesentery intact and closing all created defects significantly decreased the incidence of SBO due to internal hernias in antecolic antegastric LRYGB.

  12. Gastrointestinal symptoms and food intolerance 2 years after laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass for morbid obesity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boerlage, T C C; van de Laar, A W J M; Westerlaken, S; Gerdes, V E A; Brandjes, D P M

    2017-03-01

    Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) is an effective treatment for morbid obesity, but might aggravate gastrointestinal complaints and food intolerance. The long-term prevalence of these symptoms has not been well studied. In a cross-sectional study, all patients who underwent primary LRYGB from May to October 2012 were approached 2 years after surgery to complete a general health questionnaire, the Gastrointestinal Symptom Rating Scale (GSRS), and a food intolerance questionnaire. The results were compared with those for a control group of morbidly obese patients. A total of 249 patients were included for analysis, representing a response rate of 93·9 per cent. Mean(s.d.) total weight loss was 30·8(8·7) per cent. The total mean GSRS score was higher in patients who had LRYGB (median 2·19 versus 1·75 in unoperated patients; P intolerance for specific products was reported by 70·7 (95 per cent c.i. 64·8 to 76·0) per cent of the postoperative patients, for a median of 4 foods. There was a positive correlation between food intolerance and score on the GSRS. There was no correlation between either food intolerance or the total mean GSRS score and weight loss, but there was a correlation between weight loss and abdominal pain. At 2 years after surgery, patients undergoing LRYGB for morbid obesity have more gastrointestinal complaints than obese controls. Food intolerance is a common side-effect of LRYGB independent of degree of weight loss or the presence of other abdominal symptoms. © 2016 The Authors. BJS published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of BJS Society Ltd.

  13. Sleeve Gastrectomy vs Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass. Data from IFSO-European Chapter Center of Excellence Program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Melissas, John; Stavroulakis, Konstantinos; Tzikoulis, Vassilis; Peristeri, Angeliki; Papadakis, John A; Pazouki, Abdolreza; Khalaj, Alireza; Kabir, Ali

    2017-04-01

    The purpose of this study is to compare sleeve gastrectomy (SG) and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGBP) performed in Institutions participating in IFSO-European Chapter, Center of Excellence (COE) program. Since the initiation of the program in January 2010, 6413 SGs and 10,622 RYGBPs performed as primary procedures by December 31, 2014, with at least 12-month follow-up, were retrospectively compared. There were steadily increasing numbers of patients underwent SG from 2010 to 2015. Early (<30 days) postoperative complication rate of 3.02 % for RYGBP was significantly higher than 2.12 % seen after SG (p = 0.0006). Only two patients, one in each group, died in the first 30 postoperative days (0.016 % mortality for SG vs 0.009 % for RYGBP-NS). From SG group, 103 patients, 1.61 %, and 206 patients, 1.94 %, from RYGBP group required readmission following hospital discharge in the first 30 days following bariatric surgery-NS. From the readmitted patients in the SG group, 75.72 % were reoperated vs 50.50 % in the RYGBP group (p < 0.0001). SG patients were heavier (BMI 44.93 vs 43.96 kg/m 2 , p < 0.0001). However, significantly better % excess weight loss were seen following RYGBP in all postoperative years (60.36 vs 67.72 %, p = 0.002 at fifth year). Better remission rates were seen for diabetes, arterial hypertension, dyslipidemia, and sleep apnea syndrome after RYGBP in the first postoperative year. Both procedures were performed with very low complications, mortality, readmissions, and reoperations rate. Better weight loss was observed following RYGBP, the first five postoperative years.

  14. Maximizing Weight Loss After Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass May Decrease Risk of Incident Organ Cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hunsinger, Marie A; Wood, G Craig; Still, Chris; Petrick, Anthony; Blansfield, Joseph; Shabahang, Mohsen; Benotti, Peter

    2016-12-01

    Recent studies have suggested that metabolic surgery reduces cancer risk. This study aims to determine if incident cancer is associated with the extent of weight loss after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). Patients at a large tertiary bariatric surgery center were retrospectively reviewed to identify patients with no history of cancer at the time of RYGB. Diagnoses in the electronic health record, a tumor registry, and chart review were used to identify postoperative incident solid organ cancer. The overall incidence of organ cancer was estimated using Kaplan-Meier analysis. The percent total body weight loss (%TWL) in the 48 months after surgery but prior to cancer was compared between those that developed organ cancer versus those that did not using repeated measures linear regression. The 2943 patients had a mean age of 45.6 years (SD = 11.1), 81 % were female, and a mean baseline body mass index (BMI) of 47.2 kg/m(2) (SD = 7.9). Median follow-up after surgery was 3.8 years (range = [cancer developed and was verified in 54 of the 2943 patients (1.8 %). Kaplan-Meier estimates for cancer at 3, 5, and 10 years postsurgery were 1.3, 2.5, and 4.2 %. After adjusting for age, BMI, sex, diabetes, hypertension, and dyslipidemia, patients that developed organ cancer achieved less weight loss (-1.5 % TWL, 95 % CI = [-2.9 %, -0.1 %], p = 0.034). Greater weight loss after metabolic surgery may be associated with lower organ cancer risk.

  15. Anaemia and related nutrient deficiencies after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weng, Ting-Chia; Chang, Chia-Hsuin; Dong, Yaa-Hui; Chang, Yi-Cheng; Chuang, Lee-Ming

    2015-07-16

    To obtain a pooled risk estimate on the long-term impact of anaemia and related nutritional deficiencies in patients receiving Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery. Systematic review and meta-analysis. MEDLINE, EMBASE and Cochrane databases were searched to identify English reports published before 16 May 2014. Articles with case numbers >100, follow-up period >12 months, and complete data from both before and after surgery were selected. Outcomes of interest were changes in baseline measurements of proportion of patients with anaemia, by haemoglobin, haematocrit, ferritin, iron, vitamin B12 and folate levels. Two reviewers independently reviewed data and selected six prospective and nine retrospective studies with a total of 5909 patients. A random effect model with inverse variance weighting was used to calculate summary estimates of outcomes at 6, 12, 24 and 36 months postoperatively. Proportion of patients with anaemia was 12.2% at baseline, which, respectively, increased to 20.9% and 25.9% at 12 and 24 months follow-up, consistent with decreases in haemoglobin and haematocrit levels. Although the serum iron level did not change substantially after surgery, the frequency of patients with ferritin deficiency increased from 7.9% at baseline to 13.4% and 23.0% at 12 and 24 months, respectively, postoperation. Vitamin B12 deficiency increased from 2.3% at baseline to 6.5% at 12 months after surgery in those subjects receiving RYGB. There was no obvious increase in folate deficiency. RYGB surgery is associated with an increased risk of anaemia and deficiencies of iron and vitamin B12, but not folate. Ferritin is more sensitive when serum iron level is within normal range. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://group.bmj.com/group/rights-licensing/permissions.

  16. Short- and long-term outcomes of vertical banded gastroplasty converted to Roux-en-Y gastric bypass.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vasas, Peter; Dillemans, Bruno; Van Cauwenberge, Sebastiaan; De Visschere, Marieke; Vercauteren, Charlotte

    2013-02-01

    Vertical banded gastroplasty (VBG) often necessitates revisional surgery for weight regain or symptoms related to gastric outlet obstruction. Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is considered as the revisional procedure of choice. However, revisional bariatric surgery is associated with relatively higher rates of complications. The aim of the current study is to analyse our single-centre experience with patients requiring revisional RYGB following primary VBG. Retrospective review of the prospectively collected database identified 153 patients who underwent RYGB as a revisional procedure after VBG from Feb 2004-Feb 2011. Early and late complications, weight data and resolution of symptoms related to gastric outlet obstruction were analysed. One hundred twenty-three females and 30 males underwent revisional RYGB post VBG. Mean age was 44.4 (15-74) years with a mean pre-operative body mass index (BMI) of 34.2 (23.5-65.5) kg/m(2). Mean hospital stay was 4.3 days. Early complication rate was 3.9 % with a 30-day re-operation rate of 1.3 %. Mortality and leak rate were zero. After a mean follow-up of 48 months, the mean BMI decreased significantly to 28.8 kg/m(2) and a complete resolution of the obstructive symptoms was achieved in nearly all patients. Late complications developed in 11 (7.7 %) of the patients of which seven (4.9 %) required surgery. Revisional RYGB following VBG is technically challenging but safe with low rates of morbidity and mortality, comparable to primary RYGB. It produces a significant reduction in body weight and in symptoms resolution. We recommend RYGB as the procedure of choice in patients requiring revisional surgery following VBG.

  17. Anemia after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. How feasible to eliminate the risk by proper supplementation?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Del Villar Madrigal, Eduardo; Neme-Yunes, Yvette; Clavellina-Gaytan, Diana; Sanchez, Hugo A; Mosti, Maureen; Herrera, Miguel F

    2015-01-01

    Anemia after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) has been reported in 5 to 64 % of patients. Since absorption of specific elements is reduced, proper supplementation is mandatory. The aim of this study was to investigate the frequency of anemia, its causes, and the related deficiencies during the 1st postoperative year after RYGB. A retrospective review of our prospectively collected database was performed. A total of 486 patients who underwent RYGB in a 5-year period and completed at least 1-year follow-up were included. Daily supplements as suggested by the AACE/TOS/ASMBS guidelines were routinely prescribed. Blood count, iron profile, folic acid, and B12 measurements 1 year after surgery were reviewed. One hundred ninety-five males and 291 females were included, with a mean age of 39.9 ± 11.6 years and a mean body mass index (BMI) of 42.4 ± 6.3 kg/m(2). Anemia 1 year after surgery was found in 19 patients (4 %), 6 males and 13 females. In seven women, it was related to iron deficiency. Two additional women had iron deficiency combined with low vitamin B12. Anemia was secondary to inflammation in two and indeterminate in two. In the six males, the cause of anemia was inflammation in three and indeterminate in three. Abnormal bleeding was found in five of these patients. Frequency of anemia 1 year after RYGB in our population was low (4 %). Anemia non-attributable to malabsorption was frequently present (n = 9/19). Iron deficiency was found exclusively in women. The most common non-malabsorptive types of anemia were inflammation and dysfunctional uterine bleeding.

  18. Prevalence, severity, and predictors of symptoms of dumping and hypoglycemia after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nielsen, Joan Bach; Pedersen, Ane Matilde; Gribsholt, Sigrid Bjerge; Svensson, Elisabeth; Richelsen, Bjørn

    Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) results in pronounced weight loss in morbidly obese patients but may also cause adverse effects like early dumping and hypoglycemia. Prevalence data on these complications and their potential predictors are sparse. To assess the prevalence and possible predictors of early dumping and hypoglycemia in a population-based cohort of RYGB patients. University Hospital, Denmark. A questionnaire survey was performed in the Central Denmark Region including RYGB-operated patients (years 2006-2011, n = 2238) and a nonoperated comparison cohort (n = 89). The Dumping Rating Scale and the Edinburgh Hypoglycemia Scoring System, together with demographic and clinical characteristics, were used, and possible predictors were examined by logistic regression. The response rate was 64% (1429/2238). In total, 9.4% (134/1429) and 6.6% (95/1429) experienced moderate or severe symptoms of early dumping and hypoglycemia, respectively, which were significantly higher than in the comparison cohort. Because 3.4% (95% CI: 2.5-4.4) of the RYGB group experienced both early dumping and hypoglycemia, the total prevalence of 1 or both conditions was 12.6 (95% CI 10.9-14.4). Possible predictors for both conditions were body mass index (BMI)45 years. Symptoms of early dumping and hypoglycemia were rather common with a prevalence of 1 or both conditions of 12.6% after RYGB. Predictors included younger age and a lower BMI. Copyright © 2016 American Society for Bariatric Surgery. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  19. Laparoscopic hand-sewn revisional gastrojejunal plication for weight loss failure after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass.

    Science.gov (United States)

    León, Felipe; Maiz, Cristóbal; Daroch, David; Quezada, Nicolás; Gabrielli, Mauricio; Muñoz, César; Boza, Camilo

    2015-04-01

    Revisional surgery has become a widely accepted alternative for weight loss failure/regain after bariatric surgery. However, it is associated to higher morbi-mortality and lesser weight loss than primary bariatric procedure. Our aims are to present a novel technique for weight loss treatment after failed laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) and to report its short-term results. This is a retrospective analysis of patients submitted to a revisional hand-sewn double-layer gastrojejunal plication (GJP) for treatment of weight loss failure/regain after LRYGB. Analysis of demographics, body mass index (BMI), and percentage of excess weight loss (%EWL) at the 6th month complications, and financial costs involved was included. Four patients were submitted to revisional GJP. Three patients were female and the mean age at revision was 30 ± 9 years (21-44). The median time interval between LRYGB and GJP was 51 months (24-120). The median BMI at the moment of GJP and the 3rd and 6th month was 35.6 kg/m2 (32.0-37.8), 32.2 kg/m2 (29.7-34.1), and 30.7 kg/m2 (28.1-32.1), respectively. The median %EWL at the 3rd and 6th month was 35.4% (13.6-38.9) and 46.2 % (45.1-55.5), respectively, reaching a cumulative (combined surgeries) %EWL of 62.9% (16.5-67.9) and 71.7% (65.1-77.6), respectively. There were no complications or mortality. Financial costs were significantly lower compared to revisional gastrojejunal stapled reduction (US $1400 cheaper). Revisional GJP is a feasible, safe, and cost-effective novel procedure for treatment of weight loss failure/regain after LRYGB. Mid- and long-term results are necessary in order to establish its real effectiveness.

  20. The role of obestatin in roux-en-Y gastric bypass-induced remission of type 2 diabetes mellitus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Jian-Li; Xu, Xian-Hui; Zhang, Xue-Jun; Li, Wei-Hua

    2016-09-01

    Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a complex and multifactorial disease that is generally characterized by insulin resistance and loss of β-cell function that develops in adulthood. To date, more than 6% of the world's population is affected by T2DM. The main treatments of T2DM are dietary and lifestyle changes. However, only dependent on behaviour modification and oral hypoglycemics, many patients are unable to maintain glycemic control. Emerging evidence indicates that up to 80% of patients with T2DM undergoing Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) experience complete remission of their T2DM and the majority of remissions occur almost immediately following the operation. Obestatin is a 23-amino-acid peptide, which is not only thought to suppress food intake and decrease gastric emptying but also found to exert survival effects in pancreatic β cells, increase glucose-stimulated insulin secretion, and reduce insulin resistance and inflammation. In addition, some researchers demonstrated that obestatin is a nutritional marker reflecting body adiposity and insulin resistance. Although results from previous studies were conflicting, the peripheral blood concentrations of obestatin were changed after RYGB. Therefore, regulation of obestatin level may be another mechanism for RYGB-induced remission of T2DM. In this article, we review briefly the effect of RYGB on T2DM in humans and offer an overview of the published data on the effects of RYGB on obestatin level in patients with T2DM. Furthermore, the possible roles of obestatin in the remission of T2DM following RYGB are also reviewed. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  1. Laparoscopic conversion of failed vertical banded gastroplasty to Roux-en-Y gastric bypass or biliopancreatic diversion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    David, Matan Ben; Abu-Gazala, Samir; Sadot, Eran; Wasserberg, Nir; Kashtan, Hanoch; Keidar, Andrei

    2015-01-01

    The Silastic ring vertical gastroplasty (SRVG), a modification of Mason's vertical banded gastroplasty (VBG), was the restrictive procedure of choice for many bariatric surgeons. The reoperation rate for failure/complications reported in long-term studies is approximately 50%. We report our experience in laparoscopic conversion of failed SRVG to Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and biliopancreatic diversion (BPD). A single surgeon's experience at a university-affiliated hospital. Between March 2006 and April 2014, 39 patients underwent conversion of SRVG to laparoscopic RYGB (n = 25) or BPD (n = 14). The outcomes were retrieved from a prospectively collected database and analyzed. Most (89%) of the conversions were completed laparoscopically. The mean operative time was 195 and 200 min for RYGB and BPD, respectively. There was no mortality. Complications occurred in 11 patients (28%), 5 in RYGB (19%) and 6 in BPD (42%). At the 3-year follow-up, the mean body mass index decreased from 47±8 kg/m(2) to 26±4 kg/m(2) for BPD, and from 43 kg/m(2) to 34 kg/m(2) (P = .05) for RYGB. Weight (kg) decreased from 110 to 84 and to 92, and from 123 to 81 and 68, at 1 and 3 years for RYGB and BPD, respectively. The weight loss for RYGB and BPD was equal at 1 year but tended to be better for BPD at 3 years postoperatively. Laparoscopic conversion of failed VBG to RYGB or BPD was feasible, but it was followed by prohibitively high complication rates in BPD patients. The risk:benefit ratio of these procedures in this series is questionable. Copyright © 2015 American Society for Bariatric Surgery. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  2. Role of the foregut in the early improvement in glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity following Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Erik N. Hansen; Robyn A. Tamboli; James M. Isbell; Jabbar Saliba; Julia P. Dunn; Pamela A. Marks-Shulman; Naji N. Abumrad

    2011-01-01

    Bypass of the foregut following Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery results in altered nutrient absorption, which is proposed to underlie the improvement in glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity...

  3. Biomarkers of Colorectal Cancer Risk Decrease 6 months After Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass Surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Afshar, Sorena; Malcomson, Fiona; Kelly, Seamus B; Seymour, Keith; Woodcock, Sean; Mathers, John C

    2017-10-08

    The impact of weight loss on obesity-related colorectal cancer (CRC) risk is not well defined. Previous studies have suggested that Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery may have an unexpected adverse impact on CRC risk. This study aimed to investigate the impact of RYGB on biomarkers of CRC risk. Rectal mucosal biopsies and blood were obtained from patients undergoing RYGB (n = 22) and non-obese control participants (n = 20) at baseline and at a median of 6.5 months after surgery. Markers of systemic inflammation and glucose homeostasis were measured. Expression of pro-inflammatory genes and proto-oncogenes in the rectal mucosa was quantified using qPCR. Crypt cell proliferation state of the rectal mucosa was assessed by counting mitotic figures in whole micro-dissected crypts. At 6.5 months post-surgery, participants had lost 29 kg body mass and showed improvements in markers of glucose homeostasis and in systemic inflammation. Expression of pro-inflammatory genes in the rectal mucosa did not increase and COX-1 expression fell significantly (P = 0.019). The mean number of mitoses per crypt decreased from 6.5 to 4.3 (P = 0.028) after RYGB. RYGB in obese adults led to lower rectal crypt cell proliferation, reduced systemic and mucosal markers of inflammation and improvements in glucose regulation. These consistent findings of reduced markers of tumourigenic potential suggest that surgically induced weight loss may lower CRC risk.

  4. Comparison of Virtual Nutri Plus® and Dietpro 5i® software systems for the assessment of nutrient intake before and after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariane Marques da Silva

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVES: The assessment of nutritional intake before and after bariatric surgery assists in identifying eating disorders, nutritional deficiencies and weight loss/maintenance. The 7-day record is the gold standard for such an assessment and is interpreted using specialized software. This study sought to compare the Virtual Nutri Plus® and Dietpro 5i® software systems in assessing nutrient intake in obese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus who underwent a Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. METHODS: Nutritional intake was assessed in 10 obese women with type 2 diabetes mellitus before and 3 months after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. The 7-day record was used to assess food intake and then, the Virtual Nutri Plus® and Dietpro 5i® software systems were used to calculate calorie, macronutrient and micronutrient intake based on validated food chemical composition databases. Clinicaltrials.gov: NCT01251016. RESULTS: During the preoperative period, deficits in the ingestion of total fiber and 15 out of 22 estimated micronutrients were observed when using the Virtual Nutri Plus®, compared to deficiencies in total fiber and 4 micronutrients when using the Dietpro 5i®. During the postoperative period, both the Virtual Nutri Plus® and Dietpro 5i® systems detected deficits in the ingestion of total fiber, carbohydrates and 19 micronutrients, but only the Virtual Nutri Plus® detected deficits in complex B vitamins (except B12 and minerals. CONCLUSION: Virtual Nutri Plus® was more sensitive than Dietpro 5i® for the identification of deficits in nutrient intake in obese, type 2 diabetes mellitus patients undergoing Roux-en-Y gastric bypass.

  5. Linitis plastica of the bypassed stomach 7 years after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haenen, Filip Wn; Gys, Ben; Moreels, Tom; Michielsen, Maartje; Gys, Tobie; Lafullarde, Thierry

    2017-10-24

    Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is currently the preferred surgical procedure to treat morbid obesity. It has proven its effects on excess weight loss and its positive effect on comorbidities. One of the main issues, however, is the post-operative evaluation of the bypassed gastric remnant. In literature, cancer of the excluded stomach after RYGB is rare. We describe the case of a 52-year-old woman with gastric linitis plastica in the bypassed stomach after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, diagnosed by means of laparoscopy and Single-Balloon enteroscopy, and it is clinical importance. Linitis plastica of the excluded stomach after RYGB is a very rare entity. This case report shows the importance of long-term post-operative follow-up, and the importance of single-balloon enteroscopy for visualization of the bypassed stomach remnant, when other investigations remain without results. This case report is only the second report of a linitis plastica in the bypassed stomach after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass.

  6. Roux-en-Y gastric bypass increases intravenous ethanol self-administration in dietary obese rats.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    James E Polston

    Full Text Available Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery (RYGB is an effective treatment for severe obesity. Clinical studies however have reported susceptibility to increased alcohol use after RYGB, and preclinical studies have shown increased alcohol intake in obese rats after RYGB. This could reflect a direct enhancement of alcohol's rewarding effects in the brain or an indirect effect due to increased alcohol absorption after RGYB. To rule out the contribution that changes in alcohol absorption have on its rewarding effects, here we assessed the effects of RYGB on intravenously (IV administered ethanol (1%. For this purpose, high fat (60% kcal from fat diet-induced obese male Sprague Dawley rats were tested ~2 months after RYGB or sham surgery (SHAM using both fixed and progressive ratio schedules of reinforcement to evaluate if RGYB modified the reinforcing effects of IV ethanol. Compared to SHAM, RYGB rats made significantly more active spout responses to earn IV ethanol during the fixed ratio schedule, and achieved higher breakpoints during the progressive ratio schedule. Although additional studies are needed, our results provide preliminary evidence that RYGB increases the rewarding effects of alcohol independent of its effects on alcohol absorption.

  7. Risk of gastric cancer after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Inoue, Harutaka; Rubino, Francesco; Shimada, Yutaka; Lindner, Véronique; Inoue, Masako; Riegel, Philippe; Marescaux, Jacques

    2007-10-01

    To evaluate the risk of gastric cancer after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). Rats randomly underwent 1 of the following: RYGB, duodenojejunal bypass (DJB), or a sham operation. Postoperatively, rats underwent a protocol of cancer induction by means of both continuous (200 ppm in tap water for 16 weeks) and intermittent (50-mg/kg intraesophageal injection, once a week, for 12 weeks) administration of N-methyl-N-nitrosourea. Institut de Recherche Contre les Canceurs de l'Appareil Digestif-European Institute of Telesurgery. STUDY ANIMALS: Fifty-five Fischer 344 rats. Seventeen weeks after the operation, we performed a pathologic examination of the whole stomach in all animals to assess for the presence of cancer and/or premalignant lesions. Bilirubin concentration, gastric bacterial flora, and any other pathologic findings were also recorded. In rats in the sham and DJB groups, the incidence of gastric cancer was 85% and 75%, respectively (P = .63), whereas only 23% of rats in the RYGB group developed gastric cancer (4-fold reduction; P = .002). The remnant stomach of rats in the RYGB group also showed a lower bilirubin concentration (P risk of gastric cancer in an experimental model of dietary-induced carcinogenesis. Lack of direct contact with carcinogens, lower bile reflux, and a lower bacteria concentration in the gastric content may be responsible for these observations. These data suggest that RYGB may be a safe option for the treatment of morbid obesity even in areas with high gastric cancer incidence.

  8. Sleeve Gastrectomy and Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass Alter the Gut-Brain Communication

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. A. Ballsmider

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This study investigated the anatomical integrity of vagal innervation of the gastrointestinal tract following vertical sleeve gastrectomy (VSG and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB operations. The retrograde tracer fast blue (FB was injected into the stomach to label vagal neurons originating from nodose ganglion (NG and dorsal motor nucleus of the vagus (DMV. Microglia activation was determined by quantifying changes in the fluorescent staining of hindbrain sections against an ionizing calcium adapter binding molecule 1 (Iba1. Reorganization of vagal afferents in the hindbrain was studied by fluorescent staining against isolectin 4 (IB4. The density of Iba1- and IB4-immunoreactivity was analyzed using Nikon Elements software. There was no difference in the number of FB-labeled neurons located in NG and DMV between VSG and VSG-sham rats. RYGB, but not RYGB-sham rats, showed a dramatic reduction in number of FB-labeled neurons located in the NG and DMV. VSG increased, while the RYGB operation decreased, the density of vagal afferents in the nucleus tractus solitarius (NTS. The RYGB operation, but not the VSG procedure, significantly activated microglia in the NTS and DMV. Results of this study show that the RYGB, but not the VSG procedure, triggers microglia activation in vagal structures and remodels gut-brain communication.

  9. Longitudinal trends in food cravings following Roux-en-Y gastric bypass in an adolescent sample.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cushing, Christopher C; Peugh, James L; Brode, Cassie S; Inge, Thomas H; Benoit, Stephen C; Zeller, Meg H

    2015-01-01

    Food cravings are more prevalent and potentially problematic for many individuals with obesity. Initial evidence suggests that bariatric surgery has some short-term beneficial effects on cravings in adults, but little is known about the effect on adolescents or the trajectory beyond 6 months. The purpose of the present study was to determine the longitudinal effect of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) on food cravings in a sample of adolescents with severe obesity (body mass index (BMI)≥40 kg/m2). Sixteen adolescents were recruited and underwent RYGB. Participants completed the Food Craving Inventory before RYGB, and 3, 6, 12, 18, and 24 months postoperatively. The present study took place in a single pediatric tertiary care hospital. RYGB produced a negative (cravings decreased as time increased) nonlinear trend for total food cravings as well as for each individual subscale (sweets, high fat foods, carbohydrates, fast food) over the 24-month study period. This means that while cravings decrease postsurgically, there is a decline in the slope with the line reaching asymptote at approximately 18 months. BMI change was not a significant predictor of food cravings, but low statistical power may account for this lack of significance. These findings provide preliminary evidence that RYGB decreases food cravings in adolescents. Copyright © 2015 American Society for Bariatric Surgery. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  10. Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass Surgery Increases Respiratory Quotient and Energy Expenditure during Food Intake.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Werling, Malin; Fändriks, Lars; Olbers, Torsten; Bueter, Marco; Sjöström, Lars; Lönroth, Hans; Wallenius, Ville; Stenlöf, Kaj; le Roux, Carel W

    2015-01-01

    The mechanisms determining long-term weight maintenance after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) remain unclear. Cross sectional studies have suggested that enhanced energy expenditure (EE) may play a significant role and the aim of this study was to reveal the impact of RYGB on each major component constituting total EE. Six obese female subjects, without other co-morbidities, were assessed before and at 10 days, 3 and 20 months after RYGB. Indirect calorimetry in a metabolic chamber was used to assess 24 h EE at each study visit. Other measurements included body composition by DEXA, gut hormone profiles and physical activity (PA) using high sensitivity accelerometers. Median Body Mass Index decreased from 41.1 (range 39.1-44.8) at baseline to 28 kg/m2 (range 22.3-30.3) after 20 months (pPA over 24 h did not change after surgery whereas 24 h EE and basal metabolic rate (BMR) decreased. EE after a standard meal increased after surgery when adjusted for total tissue (pEE after food intake resulting in an increased contribution to total EE over 24 h when corrected for total tissue.

  11. Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass and sleeve gastrectomy achieve comparable weight loss at 1 year.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yaghoubian, Arezou; Tolan, Amy; Stabile, Bruce E; Kaji, Amy H; Belzberg, Gary; Mun, Edward; Zane, Robert

    2012-12-01

    Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy has gained popularity as a weight loss surgical option for morbidly obese patients. Although initial studies have shown weight loss and comorbidity resolution comparable to those after laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB), many of these studies are limited by the small patient size. Thus, the purpose of this study was to compare the outcomes of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy and laparoscopic RYGB. A retrospective chart review of all morbidly obese patients who underwent laparoscopic RYGB or sleeve gastrectomy between 2007 and 2009 at an HMO hospital was conducted. Data points collected included age, gender, completion of a preoperative weight loss program, initial body mass index (BMI), pre- and postoperative weights, and presence of diabetes mellitus (DM), hypertension (HTN), osteoarthritis, obstructive sleep apnea, and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Outcomes measures included excess weight loss, resolution of comorbidities, postoperative complications, and mortality. A total of 345 laparoscopic RYGBs and 192 sleeve gastrectomies were performed. On average, the patients who received RYGB were younger (46 vs 48 years, P = 0.05) and had higher BMI (47 vs 43 kg/m(2), P sleeve gastrectomy completed a preoperative weight loss program. The median length of hospital stay for both groups was 3 days. The complication rate in both groups was 9 per cent. The incidence of gastric leak was 1 per cent in both groups. There was only one mortality, which occurred in the RYGB group. The postoperative resolution of DM was comparable in both groups. The RYGB group had greater resolution of HTN (48 vs 34%, P = 0.03) and GERD (73 vs 34%, P sleeve gastrectomy achieved superior excess weight loss compared with RYGB (72 vs 61%, P = 0.0015). After adjusting for age and BMI, the excess weight loss for RYGB and sleeve gastrectomy was similar at 12 months (t parameter estimate -0.06, P = 0.08). Laparoscopic RYGB and sleeve gastrectomy had

  12. Roux-en-Y gastric bypass procedure performed with the da Vinci robot system: is it worth it?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hubens, G; Balliu, L; Ruppert, M; Gypen, B; Van Tu, T; Vaneerdeweg, W

    2008-07-01

    The Roux-en-Y gastric bypass procedure (RYGBP) is in many countries the gold standard for obtaining long-lasting weight reduction and improvement of obesity-related comorbidities. However, performing this operation by standard laparoscopic techniques requires important surgical skills because of the anastomoses involved. The da Vinci surgical robot system with its enhanced degrees of freedom in motion and three-dimensional vision is designed to overcome the difficulties encountered in traditional laparoscopic surgery with suturing and delicate tissue handling. For this study, 45 patients (9 men) with a mean body mass index (BMI) of 44.2 (range, 35.1-55.4) underwent RYGBP with the aid of the da Vinci robot system. They were compared with 45 consecutive patients with a mean BMI of 43.9 (range, 35.1-56.2) who underwent a laparoscopic RYGBP by the same surgeon during the same period. Overall, the total operating time was shorter for the laparoscopic cases (127 vs 212 min; p robotic cases were performed in the same time span as the laparoscopic cases (136 vs 127 min). The total robotic setup time remained constant at about 30 min. There were no differences in postoperative complications between the two groups in terms of anastomotic leakage or stenosis. In the robotic group, more conversions to open surgery were noted. Early in the study, four patients (9%) had to undergo conversion to standard laparoscopic techniques due to inadequate setup of the robotic arms. Five patients (11%), however, had to undergo conversion to open surgery because of intestinal laceration during manipulation of the intestines with the robotic instruments. The costs were higher for robotic surgery than for standard laparoscopic RYGBP, mainly because of the extra equipment used, such as ultrasonic devices. The RYGBP procedure can be performed safely with the da Vinci robot after a learning curve of about 35 cases. At this writing, however, it is not clear whether the da Vinci system offers a

  13. Effect of Roux-en-Y Bariatric Surgery on Lipoproteins, Insulin Resistance, and Systemic and Vascular Inflammation in Obesity and Diabetes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rahul Yadav

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available PurposeObesity is a major modifiable risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Bariatric surgery is considered to be the most effective treatment option for weight reduction in obese patients with and without type 2 diabetes (T2DM.ObjectiveTo evaluate changes in lipoproteins, insulin resistance, mediators of systemic and vascular inflammation, and endothelial dysfunction following Roux-en-Y bariatric surgery in obese patients with and without diabetes.Materials and methodsLipoproteins, insulin resistance, mediators of systemic and vascular inflammation, and endothelial dysfunction were measured in 37 obese patients with (n = 17 and without (n = 20 T2DM, before and 6 and 12 months after Roux-en-Y bariatric surgery. Two way between subject ANOVA was carried out to study the interaction between independent variables (time since surgery and presence of diabetes and all dependent variables.ResultsThere was a significant effect of time since surgery on (large effect size weight, body mass index (BMI, waist circumference, triglycerides (TG, small-dense LDL apolipoprotein B (sdLDL ApoB, HOMA-IR, CRP, MCP-1, ICAM-1, E-selectin, P-selectin, leptin, and adiponectin. BMI and waist circumference had the largest impact of time since surgery. The effect of time since surgery was noticed mostly in the first 6 months. Absence of diabetes led to a significantly greater reduction in total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol although the effect size was small to medium. There was a greater reduction in TG and HOMA-IR in patients with diabetes with a small effect size. No patients were lost to follow up.ConclusionLipoproteins, insulin resistance, mediators of systemic and vascular inflammation, and endothelial dysfunction improve mostly 6 months after bariatric surgery in obese patients with and without diabetes.Clinical Trial Registrationwww.ClinicalTrials.gov, identifier: NCT02169518. https

  14. Randomized trial of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass versus sleeve gastrectomy in achieving excess weight loss.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ignat, M; Vix, M; Imad, I; D'Urso, A; Perretta, S; Marescaux, J; Mutter, D

    2017-02-01

    Robust data on quality of life (QoL) after different techniques of bariatric surgery are sparse. This RCT compared excess weight loss (EWL) and QoL after sleeve gastrectomy versus Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). Obese patients were assigned randomly to RYGB or sleeve gastrectomy. The primary outcome measure was EWL. Secondary outcomes included QoL, co-morbidity, adverse events, vitamin and glycolipid status. QoL was assessed before and annually after surgery, using the Moorehead-Ardelt Quality of Life Questionnaire II (M-A-QoLQII) and Gastrointestinal Quality of Life Index (GIQLI). One hundred patients were enrolled, 45 in the RYGB group and 55 in the sleeve gastrectomy group. Mean postoperative EWL at 1, 2, 3 and 5 years was 80·4, 79·8, 83·0 and 74·8 per cent respectively after RYGB, and 83·0, 77·8, 66·3 and 65·1 per cent after sleeve gastrectomy (P = 0·017). Mean M-A-QoLQII score before surgery and at 1, 2, 3 and 5 years after operation was 0·5, 1·6, 1·7, 2·1 and 1·4 respectively after RYGB, and 0·3, 1·7, 1·5, 1·5 and 1·2 after sleeve gastrectomy. Mean GIQLI score before and at 1, 2, 3, 5 years after RYGB was 96·4, 113·8, 113·3, 113·4, 111·7, compared with 90·7, 113·9, 114·5, 113·1 and 113·0 for sleeve gastrectomy. The improvement was significant compared with preoperative values (P < 0·001 for M-A-QoLQII and GIQLI), with no difference between groups (P = 0·418 and P = 0·323 respectively). RYGB resulted in higher readmission rates (P = 0·002) and length of hospital stay (P = 0·006) than sleeve gastrectomy. RYGB and sleeve gastrectomy resulted in equivalent, long-standing QoL improvement. RYGB resulted in more stable weight loss but was associated with higher readmission rates. Registration number: NCT02475590. © 2016 BJS Society Ltd Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  15. Systematic review and meta-analysis of medium-term outcomes after banded Roux-en-Y gastric bypass.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buchwald, H; Buchwald, J N; McGlennon, T W

    2014-09-01

    This is the first systematic review and meta-analysis focused exclusively on intermediate-term outcomes for the banded Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (B-RYGB). B-RYGB articles published from 1990 to 2013 were identified through MEDLINE, ScienceDirect, and SpringerLink databases augmented by manual reference review. Articles were assigned an evidence level (Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine [Oxford UK] criteria) and Jadad quality score (randomized controlled trials). Simple and weighted means (95% confidence interval (CI)) for excess weight loss (EWL) at follow-up (1-10+ years) were calculated. At 5 years, a pooled estimate for BMI (kg/m(2)) change (weighted mean difference and 95% CI) for banded bypass patients was computed. Rates for weighted mean complications, non-band- and band-related reoperations, and overall comorbidity resolution were calculated. Three hundred twenty-one articles were identified: 286 failed inclusion criteria (i.e., non-English, B-RYGB unrelated, <10 per arm, <3-year follow-up), leaving 35 articles. Manual review added 10 potentially relevant articles; 30 that failed inclusion criteria were excluded, leaving 15 for analysis. B-RYGB was performed on 8,707 patients: 79.0% female, mean age 38.7, and BMI 47.6 (41.0-59.4). Overall BMI weighted mean difference (reduction) at 5 years was 17.8 (95% CI 12.8, 22.7; p < 0.001). Five-year weighted mean EWL of 72.5% (67.5, 77.4) was sustained at 10+ years (69.4%; 58.9, 80.0). Weighted mean complication rates were as follows: early, 10.9%, and late, 20.0%. Non-band-related reoperation rate was 15.2%, and band-specific reoperation rate was 4.1%. Gastric outlet stenosis, band erosion, and band slippage were 2.8, 2.3, and 1.5%, respectively. Diabetes remitted in 80/95 (84.2%). By systematic review and meta-analysis, albeit with limited rates of follow-up, B-RYGB appeared to result in significant, sustained excess weight loss of approximately 70.0% out to 10 years.

  16. Impact of roux-en Y gastric bypass surgery on prognostic factors of type 2 diabetes mellitus: meta-analysis and systematic review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Yali; Zeng, Guangzheng; Tan, Jingwang; Tang, Jun; Ma, Jingsheng; Rao, Benqiang

    2015-10-01

    Our aim is to clarify the features of complete type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) remission in patients who undergo Roux-en Y gastric bypass surgery, to better determine factors affecting the outcome of T2DM surgery. A search was conducted for original studies on Medline, PubMed and Elsevier from inception until October 28, 2014. All of the articles included in this study were assessed with the application of predetermined selection criteria and were divided into two groups: Roux-en Y gastric bypass surgery for T2DM patients in remission or non-remission. The meta-analysis results demonstrated that fasting C-peptide values were significantly associated with increased remission (C-peptide: 95%CI = 0.2-1.0) whereas T2DM duration, patient age, preoperative insulin use, preoperative fasting blood glucose values and preoperative glycosylated haemoglobin values were significantly associated with reduced remission (T2DM duration: 95%CI = -1.2 - -0.7; age: 95%CI = -0.5 - -0.1; percentage of preoperative insulin users: odd ratio = 0.10, 95%CI = 0.07-0.15; preoperative fasting blood glucose: 95%CI = -0.9 - -0.5; preoperative glycosylated haemoglobin: 95%CI = -1.1 - -0.4). However, the results demonstrated that body mass index was not statistically different (body mass index: 95%CI = -0.2-0.6). The results of the systematic review demonstrated that smaller waist circumference; lower total cholesterol, triglycerides and low-density lipoprotein levels, increased higher high-density lipoprotein levels, shorter cardiovascular disease history and less preoperative prevalence of hypertension contribute to the increased postoperative remission rate. Better results are obtained in younger patients with less severe diabetes, a smaller waist circumference, higher preoperative high-density lipoprotein, lower preoperative total cholesterol, triglycerides and low-density lipoprotein levels and fewer other complications of shorter durations. Copyright © 2014

  17. Endoscopic Treatment of Weight Regain Following Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass: a Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brunaldi, Vitor Ottoboni; Jirapinyo, Pichamol; de Moura, Diogo Turiani H; Okazaki, Ossamu; Bernardo, Wanderley M; Galvão Neto, Manoel; Campos, Josemberg Marins; Santo, Marco Aurélio; de Moura, Eduardo G H

    2018-01-01

    Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is the most commonly performed bariatric procedure. Despite its high efficacy, some patients regain part of their lost weight. Several endoscopic therapies have been introduced as alternatives to treat weight regain, but most of the articles are relatively small with unclear long-term data. To systematically assess the efficacy of endoscopic therapies for weight regain after RYGB. We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, Scopus, Web of Science, Cochrane, OVID, CINAHL/EBSCo, LILACS/Bireme, and gray literature. Primary outcomes were absolute weight loss (AWL), excess weight loss (EWL), and total body weight loss (TBWL). Thirty-two studies were included in qualitative analysis. Twenty-six described full-thickness (FT) endoscopic suturing and pooled AWL, EWL, and TBWL at 3 months were 8.5 ± 2.9 kg, 21.6 ± 9.3%, and 7.3 ± 2.6%, respectively. At 6 months, they were 8.6 ± 3.5 kg, 23.7 ± 12.3%, and 8.0 ± 3.9%, respectively. At 12 months, they were 7.63 ± 4.3 kg, 16.9 ± 11.1%, and 6.6 ± 5.0%, respectively. Subgroup analysis showed that all outcomes were significantly higher in the group with FT suturing combined with argon plasma coagulation (APC) (p < 0.0001). Meta-analysis included 15 FT studies and showed greater results. Three studies described superficial-thickness suturing with pooled AWL of 3.0 ± 3.8, 4.4 ± 0.07, and 3.7 ± 7.4 kg at 3, 6, and 12 months, respectively. Two articles described APC alone with mean AWL of 15.4 ± 2.0 and 15.4 ± 9.1 kg at 3 and 6 months, respectively. Full-thickness suturing is effective at treating weight regain after RYGB. Performing APC prior to suturing seems to result in greater weight loss. Head-to-head studies are needed to confirm our results. Few studies adequately assess effectiveness of other endoscopic techniques.

  18. Roux-en-Y or Billroth II Reconstruction After Radical Distal Gastrectomy for Gastric Cancer: A Multicenter Randomized Controlled Trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    So, Jimmy Bok-Yan; Rao, Jaideepraj; Wong, Andrew Siang-Yih; Chan, Yiong-Huak; Pang, Ning Qi; Tay, Amy Yuh Ling; Yung, Man Yee; Su, Zheng; Phua, Janelle Niam Sin; Shabbir, Asim; Ng, Enders Kwok Wai

    2018-02-01

    The aim of the study was to compare the clinical symptoms between Billroth II (B-II) and Roux-en-Y (R-Y) reconstruction after distal subtotal gastrectomy (DG) for gastric cancer. Surgery is the mainstay of curative treatment for gastric cancer. The technique for reconstruction after DG remains controversial. Both B-II and R-Y are popular methods. This is a prospective multicenter randomized controlled trial. From October 2008 to October 2014, 162 patients who underwent DG were randomly allocated to B-II (n = 81) and R-Y (n = 81) groups. The primary endpoint is Gastrointestinal (GI) Symptoms Score 1 year after surgery. We also compared the nutritional status, extent of gastritis on endoscopy, and quality of life after surgery between the 2 procedures at 1 year. Operative time was significantly shorter for B-II than for R-Y [mean difference 21.5 minutes, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) 3.8-39.3, P = 0.019]. The B-II and R-Y groups had a peri-operative morbidity of 28.4% and 33.8%, respectively (P = 0.500) and a 30-day mortality of 2.5% and 1.2%, respectively (P = 0.500). GI symptoms score did not differ between R-Y versus B-II reconstruction (mean difference -0.45, 95% CI -1.21 to 0.31, P = 0.232). R-Y resulted in a lower median endoscopic grade for gastritis versus B-II (mean difference -1.32, 95% CI -1.67 to -0.98, P nutritional status (R-Y versus B-II mean difference -0.31, 95% CI -3.27 to 2.65, P = 0.837) and quality of life at 1 year between the 2 groups too. Although BII is associated with a higher incidence of heartburn symptom and higher median endoscopic grade for gastritis, BII and RY are similar in terms of overall GI symptom score and nutritional status at 1 year after distal gastrectomy.

  19. Two-Year Changes in Bone Density After Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass Surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bouxsein, Mary L.; Putman, Melissa S.; Monis, Elizabeth L.; Roy, Adam E.; Pratt, Janey S. A.; Butsch, W. Scott; Finkelstein, Joel S.

    2015-01-01

    Context: Bariatric surgery is increasingly popular but may lead to metabolic bone disease. Objective: The objective was to determine the rate of bone loss in the 24 months after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. Design and Setting: This was a prospective cohort study conducted at an academic medical center. Participants: The participants were adults with severe obesity, including 30 adults undergoing gastric bypass and 20 nonsurgical controls. Outcomes: We measured bone mineral density (BMD) at the lumbar spine and proximal femur by quantitative computed tomography (QCT) and dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry at 0, 12, and 24 months. BMD and bone microarchitecture were also assessed by high-resolution peripheral QCT, and estimated bone strength was calculated using microfinite element analysis. Results: Weight loss plateaued 6 months after gastric bypass but remained greater than controls at 24 months (−37 ± 3 vs −5 ± 3 kg [ mean ± SEM]; P bypass compared with nonsurgical controls, as assessed by QCT and dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (P bypass. Cortical and trabecular BMD and microarchitecture at the distal radius and tibia deteriorated in the gastric bypass group throughout the 24 months, such that estimated bone strength was 9% lower than controls. The decline in BMD persisted beyond the first year, with rates of bone loss exceeding controls throughout the second year at all skeletal sites. Mean serum calcium, 25(OH)-vitamin D, and PTH were maintained within the normal range in both groups. Conclusions: Substantial bone loss occurs throughout the 24 months after gastric bypass despite weight stability in the second year. Although the benefits of gastric bypass surgery are well established, the potential for adverse effects on skeletal integrity remains an important concern. PMID:25646793

  20. Alterations in hypothalamic gene expression following Roux-en-Y gastric bypass.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barkholt, Pernille; Pedersen, Philip J; Hay-Schmidt, Anders; Jelsing, Jacob; Hansen, Henrik H; Vrang, Niels

    2016-04-01

    The role of the central nervous system in mediating metabolic effects of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery is poorly understood. Using a rat model of RYGB, we aimed to identify changes in gene expression of key hypothalamic neuropeptides known to be involved in the regulation of energy balance. Lean male Sprague-Dawley rats underwent either RYGB or sham surgery. Body weight and food intake were monitored bi-weekly for 60 days post-surgery. In situ hybridization mRNA analysis of hypothalamic AgRP, NPY, CART, POMC and MCH was applied to RYGB and sham animals and compared with ad libitum fed and food-restricted rats. Furthermore, in situ hybridization mRNA analysis of dopaminergic transmission markers (TH and DAT) was applied in the midbrain. RYGB surgery significantly reduced body weight and intake of a highly palatable diet but increased chow consumption compared with sham operated controls. In the arcuate nucleus, RYGB surgery increased mRNA levels of orexigenic AgRP and NPY, whereas no change was observed in anorexigenic CART and POMC mRNA levels. A similar pattern was seen in food-restricted versus ad libitum fed rats. In contrast to a significant increase of orexigenic MCH mRNA levels in food-restricted animals, RYGB did not change MCH expression in the lateral hypothalamus. In the VTA, RYGB surgery induced a reduction in mRNA levels of TH and DAT, whereas no changes were observed in the substantia nigra relative to sham surgery. RYGB surgery increases the mRNA levels of hunger-associated signaling markers in the rat arcuate nucleus without concomitantly increasing downstream MCH expression in the lateral hypothalamus, suggesting that RYGB surgery puts a brake on orexigenic hypothalamic output signals. In addition, down-regulation of midbrain TH and DAT expression suggests that altered dopaminergic activity also contributes to the reduced intake of palatable food in RYGB rats.

  1. Cholesterol absorption decreases after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass but not after gastric banding.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pihlajamäki, Jussi; Grönlund, Sari; Simonen, Marko; Käkelä, Pirjo; Moilanen, Leena; Pääkkönen, Matti; Pirinen, Elina; Kolehmainen, Marjukka; Kärjä, Vesa; Kainulainen, Sakari; Uusitupa, Matti; Alhava, Esko; Miettinen, Tatu A; Gylling, Helena

    2010-06-01

    The differences in cholesterol metabolism after the 2 most common forms of obesity surgery, Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and gastric banding (GB), have not been well characterized. In this study, effects of RYGB and GB on cholesterol absorption and synthesis were investigated. To this aim, 1-year follow-up of cholesterol metabolism in 2 nonrandomized cohorts undergoing either RYGB (n = 29; age, 45.2 +/- 7.7 years; body mass index [BMI], 46.0 +/- 6.1 kg/m(2)) or GB (n = 26; age, 45.9 +/- 8.6 years; BMI, 50.1 +/- 7.7 kg/m(2)) was performed in a university hospital center specializing in the treatment of morbid obesity. Serum markers of cholesterol synthesis (cholestenol, desmosterol, and lathosterol) and cholesterol absorption (campesterol, sitosterol, avenasterol, and cholestanol) were measured preoperatively and at follow-up and expressed as ratios to cholesterol. As expected based on observed weight loss (25% after RYGB and 17% after GB, P cholesterol synthesis markers by 12% to 28% (all Ps cholesterol absorption markers was only observed after RYGB (-26% for sitosterol) and not after GB (+16%, P = 2 x 10(-6) for difference between the groups). The difference in sitosterol ratio between the groups remained significant after adjustment for age, BMI, fasting insulin levels, and nutritional status (P = 2 x 10(-4)), indicating a specific effect related to RYGB. We conclude that decrease in cholesterol absorption is a novel beneficial effect of RYGB. Together with an improved control of blood glucose, this may contribute to a better cardiovascular risk profile after RYGB. Copyright 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  2. Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass Aggravates Vitamin A Deficiency in the Mother-Child Group.

    Science.gov (United States)

    da Cruz, Sabrina Pereira; Matos, Andréa; Pereira, Silvia; Saboya, Carlos; da Cruz, Suelem Pereira; Ramalho, Andréa

    2018-01-01

    The objectives of this study are to compare the nutritional status of vitamin A in women who previously underwent Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) who became pregnant or did not, in the same period after surgery, and to assess its effects on mother and child health. A retrospective longitudinal study conducted with women who previously underwent RYGB, paired by age and BMI measured before surgery, divided into group 1 (G1) comprising 77 women who did not become pregnant and group 2 (G2) with 39 women in their third gestational trimester. Both groups were assessed before surgery (T0) and in the same interval after surgery: less than or equal to 1 year (T1) or over 1 year (T2), during a maximum of 2 years. Serum concentrations of retinol and β-carotene, night blindness (NB), and gestational and neonatal complications were investigated [urinary tract infection, iron deficiency anemia, hypertensive syndrome of pregnancy, dumping syndrome, birth weight, gestational age at birth (GAB), and correlation between weight and GAB]. Data were analyzed by the Statistical Package for Social Sciences 21.0 (p < 0.05). RYGB reduced the serum levels of retinol and β-carotene, especially before the first postsurgical year. When associated with pregnancy, inadequacy rate was 55% higher in T1 and T2. Comparing G1 to G2, we noted that pregnancy in women undergoing RYGB can contribute to increased inadequacy of retinol and β-carotene, reaching a higher percentage of women with NB after 1 postsurgical year. High prevalence of pregnancy/neonatal complications was found in T1 and T2. NB was correlated with inadequacy of β-carotene. Pregnancy after RYGB aggravates vitamin A deficiency, increases the percentage of NB cases, and can contribute to pregnancy and neonatal complications even in 1 postsurgical year.

  3. Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass Surgery Increases Respiratory Quotient and Energy Expenditure during Food Intake.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Malin Werling

    Full Text Available The mechanisms determining long-term weight maintenance after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB remain unclear. Cross sectional studies have suggested that enhanced energy expenditure (EE may play a significant role and the aim of this study was to reveal the impact of RYGB on each major component constituting total EE.Six obese female subjects, without other co-morbidities, were assessed before and at 10 days, 3 and 20 months after RYGB. Indirect calorimetry in a metabolic chamber was used to assess 24 h EE at each study visit. Other measurements included body composition by DEXA, gut hormone profiles and physical activity (PA using high sensitivity accelerometers.Median Body Mass Index decreased from 41.1 (range 39.1-44.8 at baseline to 28 kg/m2 (range 22.3-30.3 after 20 months (p<0.05. Lean tissue decreased from 55.9 (range 47.5-59.3 to 49.5 (range 41.1-54.9 kg and adipose tissue from 61 (range 56-64.6 to 27 (range 12-34.3 kg (both p<0.05. PA over 24 h did not change after surgery whereas 24 h EE and basal metabolic rate (BMR decreased. EE after a standard meal increased after surgery when adjusted for total tissue (p<0.05. After an initial drop, RQ (respiratory quotient had increased at 20 months, both as measured during 24 h and after food intake (p<0.05.RYGB surgery up-regulates RQ and EE after food intake resulting in an increased contribution to total EE over 24 h when corrected for total tissue.

  4. Development of consensus-derived quality indicators for laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stogryn, Shannon; Park, Jason; Hardy, Krista; Vergis, Ashley

    2017-02-01

    Synoptic operative reporting is a solution to the poor quality of narrative reports. To develop operative report quality indicators (QI) for laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) to generate validated parameters by which these reports can be evaluated and improved. University hospital in Canada. A Delphi protocol was used to determine QIs for LRYGB reporting. Bariatric surgeons across Canada were recruited along with key physician stakeholders to participate via a secure web-based platform. Participants initially submitted potential QIs. These were grouped by theme. Items were rated on 9-point Likert scales in subsequent rounds. Scores of 70% or greater were used for inclusion consensus, and 30% or less denoted exclusion. Elements scoring 30% to 70% were recirculated by runoff in subsequent rounds to generate the final list of QIs. Four community and 4 academic bariatric surgeons were invited, representing all provinces performing LRYGB. The 4 multidisciplinary invitees included 1 minimally invasive/acute care surgeon, 1 tertiary abdominal radiologist, 1 gastroenterologist performing advanced endoscopy, and 1 general surgeon with expertise in synoptic reporting. Round 1 achieved an 83.3% (10/12) response and identified 91 potential items for consideration. Round 2 had a 100% response, and 69 items reached inclusion consensus. The third round achieved a 100% response and resulted in 75 QIs reaching final inclusion consensus. This study established consensus-derived multidisciplinary QIs for LRYGB operative reports. This will allow further assessment of the quality of narrative reports and afford the development of a synoptic operative report that may ameliorate identified deficiencies. Copyright © 2017 American Society for Bariatric Surgery. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  5. Alterations in energy expenditure in Roux-en-Y gastric bypass rats persist at thermoneutrality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abegg, K; Corteville, C; Bueter, M; Lutz, T A

    2016-08-01

    The compensatory decrease in energy expenditure (EE) in response to body weight loss is attenuated by Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery in rats. The thermoneutral zone (TNZ) is at higher temperatures in rodents than in humans. Consequently, rodents may be under moderate cold stress if EE is measured at room temperature, leading to increased EE due to adaptive thermogenesis. We speculated that the reported alterations in EE of RYGB rats at room temperature are caused by higher adaptive thermogenesis and are therefore not present at thermoneutrality. Male Wistar rats were randomized for RYGB or sham surgery. Some sham rats were body weight matched (BWM) to the RYGB rats by food restriction, the others received ad libitum access to food (AL). EE, body temperature, physical activity and food intake were measured at ambient temperatures between 22 and 32 °C to determine the TNZ. Adaptive thermogenesis requires β3-adrenergic receptor-mediated uncoupling protein-1 (UCP-1) expression in brown adipose tissue (BAT). The in vivo thermogenic capacity of BAT was determined by administering the β3-adrenergic agonist CL316,243, and UCP-1 protein expression was measured at room temperature. The TNZ was between 28 and 30 °C for AL and RYGB and between 30 and 32 °C for BWM rats, respectively. In contrast to AL and BWM rats, EE was not significantly higher at room temperature than at thermoneutrality in RYGB rats, reflecting a lack of adaptive thermogenesis. Consistently, both the thermogenic capacity of BAT and UCP-1 expression were decreased in RYGB compared with AL rats at room temperature. Our data confirm that the decrease in EE after body weight loss is attenuated by RYGB surgery and show that this effect persists at thermoneutrality. Contrary to our hypothesis, we found that adaptive thermogenesis at room temperature is reduced in RYGB rats.

  6. Primary Inadequate Weight Loss After Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass Is not Associated with Poor Cardiovascular or Metabolic Outcomes: Experience from a Single Institution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haskins, Ivy N; Corcelles, Ricard; Froylich, Dvir; Boules, Mena; Hag, Amani; Burguera, Bartolome; Schauer, Phillip R; Kroh, Matthew; Brethauer, Stacy A

    2017-03-01

    It is well accepted that bariatric surgery has cardiovascular and metabolic effects independent of weight loss. Weight loss outcomes of patients undergoing Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) at a high volume referral center were collected at 1 year postoperatively. Patients with failed primary weight loss were identified. Primary inadequate weight loss was defined as total body weight loss less than 15 %. Changes in hypertension (HTN), dyslipidemia, type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), and metabolic syndrome profiles were investigated using Student's t test. A total of 2500 patients underwent RYGB from the years 2001-2013 at our institution. One hundred five (4.2 %) patients had primary inadequate weight loss. Within this cohort, 81 (77.1 %) patients had hypertension, 67 (63.8 %) had dyslipidemia, 53 (50.5 %) had type 2 diabetes mellitus, and 66 (62.9 %) patients had metabolic syndrome. At 1 year postoperatively, all metabolic parameters were significantly improved. Measures of metabolic disease included high-density lipoprotein (HDL) (46.3 ± 11.6 versus 54.1 ± 12.7 mg/dL, p metabolic syndrome. Improvement in cardiometabolic comorbidities still occurs despite suboptimal weight loss following RYGB.

  7. Comparison of Billroth I and Roux-en-Y reconstruction after distal gastrectomy for gastric cancer: one-year postoperative effects assessed by a multi-institutional RCT.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hirao, Motohiro; Takiguchi, Shuji; Imamura, Hiroshi; Yamamoto, Kazuyoshi; Kurokawa, Yukinori; Fujita, Junya; Kobayashi, Kenji; Kimura, Yutaka; Mori, Masaki; Doki, Yuichiro

    2013-05-01

    This randomized, controlled trial evaluated the clinical efficacy of Billroth I (BI) and Roux-en-Y (RY) reconstruction at 1 year after distal gastrectomy for gastric cancer. The primary end point was the amount of body weight lost at 1 postoperative year, and secondary end points included other items related to nutritional status such as serum albumin and lymphocyte count, as well as endoscopic examination findings of the remnant stomach and esophagus. Of the 332 patients enrolled, 163 were assigned to the BI group and 169 were randomized to the RY group. The loss in body weight 1 year after surgery did not differ significantly between the BI and RY groups (9.1 % and 9.7 %, respectively, p = 0.39). There were no significant differences in other aspects of nutritional status between the 2 groups. Endoscopic examination 1 year after gastrectomy showed reflux esophagitis in 26 patients (17 %) in the BI group versus 10 patients (6 %) in the RY group (p = 0.0037), while remnant gastritis was observed in 71 patients (46 %) in the BI group versus 44 patients (28 %) in the RY group (p = 0.0013); differences were significant for both conditions. Multivariable analysis showed that the only reconstruction was the independently associated factor with the incidence of reflux esophagitis. RY reconstruction was not superior to BI in terms of body weight change or other aspects of nutritional status at 1 year after surgery, although RY more effectively prevented reflux esophagitis and remnant gastritis after distal gastrectomy.

  8. Cross-sectional long-term micronutrient deficiencies after sleeve gastrectomy versus Roux-en-Y gastric bypass: a pilot study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alexandrou, Andreas; Armeni, Eleni; Kouskouni, Evangelia; Tsoka, Evangelia; Diamantis, Theodoros; Lambrinoudaki, Irene

    2014-01-01

    Nutritional deficiencies are highly prevalent in obese patients. Bariatric surgery has been associated with adverse effects on homeostasis of significant vitamins and micronutrients, mainly after gastric bypass. The aim of the present study was to compare the extent of long-term postsurgical nutritional deficiencies between Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and sleeve gastrectomy (SG). This cross-sectional, pilot study included 95 patients who underwent RYGB or SG surgery with a mean follow-up of 4 years. Demographic, anthropometric, and biochemical parameters were compared according to the type of surgery. Both types of surgery were associated with significant nutritional deficiencies. Vitamin B12 deficiency was significantly higher in patients with RYGB compared with SG (42.1% versus 5%, P = .003). The type of surgery was associated neither with anemia nor with iron or folate deficiency (SG versus RYGB: anemia, 54.2% versus 64.3%, P = .418; folate deficiency, 20% versus 18.4%, P = .884; iron deficiency, 30% versus 36.4%, P = .635). During a mean follow up period of 4 years postRYGB or SG, patients were identified with several micronutrient deficiencies, including vitamin D, folate, and vitamin B12. SG may have a more favorable effect on the metabolism of vitamin B12 compared with RYGB, being associated with less malabsorption. Adherence to supplemental iron and vitamin intake is of primary significance in all cases of bariatric surgery. Copyright © 2014 American Society for Bariatric Surgery. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  9. Intestinal obstruction after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass by Higa's technique for treatment of morbid obesity: radiological aspects

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Labrunie, Ester Moraes [Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), RJ (Brazil). Faculdade de Medicina. Dept. de Radiologia]. E-mail: emlabrunie@superig.com.br; Marchiori, Edson [Universidade Federal Fluminense (UFF), Niteroi, RJ (Brazil). Faculdade de Medicina. Dept. de Radiologia

    2007-05-15

    Objective: The aim of this study is to describe the main radiological aspects of postoperative intestinal obstruction in patients submitted to Roux-en-Y gastric bypass by means of the Higa's technique. Materials and methods: A total of 10 patients presenting with postoperative intestinal obstruction following a gastric reduction procedure were evaluated in the period between November 2001 and April 2006, in seven different medical centers. Results: In the ten patients, the obstruction occurred in the small bowel, five of them because of internal hernias, three because of adhesions, one because of an umbilical hernia and one because of intussusception. Four patients presented obstruction early in the postoperative period (by the seventh post-op day), and six, late in the postoperative period (between the third month and the fifth year). Conclusion: All of the cases of intestinal obstruction were found in the small bowel. Internal hernia was the most frequent cause, followed by adhesion. Other causes included umbilical hernia and intussusception. (author)

  10. Functional Advantages of Proximal Gastrectomy with Jejunal Interposition Over Total Gastrectomy with Roux-en-Y Esophagojejunostomy for Early Gastric Cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ohashi, Masaki; Morita, Shinji; Fukagawa, Takeo; Oda, Ichiro; Kushima, Ryoji; Katai, Hitoshi

    2015-11-01

    The postoperative functional advantages of a proximal gastrectomy over a total gastrectomy remain debatable. The aim of this study was to evaluate the functional outcomes of a proximal gastrectomy with jejunal interposition (PG-JI), compared with those for a total gastrectomy with Roux-en-Y esophagojejunostomy (TG-RY), in patients with early gastric cancer. Between 2007 and 2012, 65 patients underwent PG-JI and 117 underwent TG-RY for cT1 gastric cancer. Various parameters, including body weight, serum hemoglobin level, and interview-based symptoms, were prospectively evaluated in these patients. In patients who underwent PG-JI, the postoperative endoscopic findings were also assessed. All the surgeries were performed via a laparotomy alone. During a median postoperative follow-up of 42 months (range, 12-78 months), PG-JI offered significant reductions in body weight loss (12.5 ± 5.8 vs. 17.4 ± 6.4 %, P advantages over TG-RY, although it requires active surveillance for remnant gastric cancer.

  11. Short- and Midterm Results between Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass and Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy for the Treatment of Morbid Obesity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Albeladi, Bandar; Bourbao-Tournois, Céline; Huten, Noel

    2013-01-01

    Background. Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) is one of the most widely used bariatric procedures today, and laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) as a single-stage procedure for the treatment of morbid obesity is becoming increasingly popular in Europe. The aim of this study was to compare short- and midterm results between LRYGB and LSG. Methods. An observational retrospective study from a database of patients undergoing LRYGB and LSG between January 2008 and June 2011. Seventy patients (mean age 39 years) were included. Patients were followed at 6, 12, and 18 months. Operative time, length of stay, weight loss, comorbidity improvement or resolution, postoperative complications, reinterventions and mortality were evaluated. Results. Thirty-six LRYGB and 34 LSG were included. Mean operative time of LSG was 106 min while LRYGB was 196 min (P 0.05). Eighteen months after surgery, average excess weight loss was 77.6% in LRYGB and 57.1% in LSG (P = 0.003). There was no surgery-related mortality. Conclusions. Both LRYGB and LSG are safe procedures that provide good results in weight loss and resolution of comorbidities at 18 months. PMID:24078867

  12. Laparoscopic conversion to loop duodenojejunal bypass with sleeve gastrectomy for intractable dumping syndrome after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass—two case reports.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Chih-Kun; Wang, Ming-Yu; Das, Siddharth Sankar; Chang, Po-Chih

    2015-05-01

    Dumping syndrome is not infrequent after laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) and could result in dreaded complications, such as neuroglycopenia. For those refractory to diet modification or/and medication, regarded as intractable dumping syndrome, revision procedures should be taken into consideration. Herein, we make a video presentation of laparoscopic revision surgery for intractable dumping syndrome with unsatisfactory weight loss. Two diabetic, morbidly obese women (initial body mass index 36.6 and 41.4 kg/m(2)) presented with intractable dumping syndrome 2 and 3 years after initial LRYGB, respectively. In addition, these patients had insufficient weight loss (body mass index 29 and 31 kg/m(2)). Laparoscopic revision procedure of loop duodenojejunal bypass with sleeve gastrectomy was conducted to relieve their intractable conditions. The mean operation time was 174 min (160 and 188), and the average blood loss was 60 mL (50 and 70). There was no intraoperative complication. Both patients had uneventful postoperative courses, and the average postoperative hospital stay was 2 days. The uncomfortable symptoms relieved successfully after the revision surgery. The Sigstad's score decreased to 2 points 6 months later, and the body mass index reduced to 26 and 28 kg/m(2). Though long-term follow-up is warranted to draw a definite conclusion, loop duodenojejunal bypass with sleeve gastrectomy for pyloric restoration and malabsorptive effect remains an acceptable revision procedure to relive intractable dumping syndrome and successfully maintain sustained weight loss in our patients.

  13. Effects of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery on eating behaviour and allopregnanolone levels in obese women with polycystic ovary syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turkmen, Sahruh; Andreen, Lotta; Cengiz, Yucel

    2015-04-01

    Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is associated with abnormal eating habits. We examined whether surgical treatment affected allopregnanolone levels and eating behaviour in nine women with PCOS who qualified for Rou-en-Y gastric bypass surgery. Blood samples were obtained to measure sex-hormone-binding globulin, total testosterone, progesterone, and allopregnanolone, and eating behaviour was evaluated using the Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire before surgery and at 6 and 12 months after surgery. Body mass index and total testosterone levels decreased, and progesterone and sex-hormone-binding globulin levels increased after bariatric surgery compared with pre-surgical values. In patients with anovulatory menstrual cycles, both the serum allopregnanolone level and the allopregnanolone/progesterone ratio were unchanged after surgery. The patients had high uncontrolled and emotional eating scores, and low cognitive restraint scores before surgery, and these scores had improved significantly at 6 and 12 months after surgery. The presurgical allopregnanolone levels were significantly correlated with uncontrolled eating. In conclusion, these results suggest that allopregnanolone appear to be part of the mechanism underlying the abnormal eating behaviour of obese PCOS patients by causing the loss of control over food intake. Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery can improve eating behaviour and clinical symptoms, and may facilitate weight loss in obese women with PCOS.

  14. The impact of temperament and character inventory personality traits on long-term outcome of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gordon, Pedro Caldana; Sallet, José Afonso; Sallet, Paulo Clemente

    2014-10-01

    A significant proportion of patients who undergo bariatric surgery fail to achieve enduring weight loss. Previous studies suggest that psychosocial variables affect postoperative outcome, although this subject is still considered unclear. The purpose of this study is to further investigate the impact of psychosocial variables on Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) outcomes over long-term follow-up. Individuals eligible for bariatric surgery were evaluated using validated psychopathological scales and the Temperament and Character Inventory in a specialized clinic for bariatric treatment. Adult patients who had RYGB were selected for the study. Percent of excess weight loss (%EWL) was measured after surgery at 6 months, 1 year, 2 years, and on the last clinical observation. This study included 333 subjects who had RYGB. Before surgery, mean age was 35.4 years (±9.5) and mean BMI was 43.3 kg/m(2) (±4.8). Higher baseline age and BMI were associated with lower %EWL across endpoints, although this association diminished over time. Follow up at 2 years and on the last clinical observation demonstrated that lower scores on the persistence personality variable and lower body dissatisfaction before surgery predicted lower %EWL. Psychosocial variables and personality traits assessed during preoperative evaluation significantly predicted weight loss after bariatric surgery. Greater impact was observed in long-term follow-up at 2 years. These findings provide guidance in identifying patients at risk for worse outcomes and designing interventions to improve long-term weight loss.

  15. Manometry of the Upper Gut Following Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass Indicates That the Gastric Pouch and Roux Limb Act as a Common Cavity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Björklund, Per; Lönroth, Hans; Fändriks, Lars

    2015-10-01

    The motility of the upper gut after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGBP) is underexplored. We aimed to investigate the oesophago-gastro-Roux limb motor activity during fasting and after food intake. Eighteen morbidly obese patients were examined at least 2 years after RYGBP. A high-resolution manometry catheter was positioned to straddle the oesophagogastric junction, the gastric pouch and the proximal Roux limb using transmucosal potential difference measurements. Three patients with vertical banded gastroplasty (VBG) were also studied. During the fasting state, the gastric pouch had low or no activity whereas the Roux limb exhibited regular migrating motility complexes (MMCs) being initiated just distal to gastroenteroanastomosis. Median cycle duration was 72 min, and the median propagating velocity of the phase III MMC phase was 2.7 cm/min (n = 8). When patients were asked to eat until they felt comfortably full, intraluminal pressure increased by 6 to 8 cmH₂O without any significant difference between gastric pouch and the Roux limb (n = 9). The increased intraluminal pressure following food intake correlated neither to weight loss nor to meal size or rate of eating. A successful RYGBP is associated with MMC in the Roux limb during fasting. The gastric pouch and the Roux limb behaved as a common cavity during food ingestion. Data do not support the hypothesis that the alimentary limb pressure in response to food intake influences either meal size or weight loss.

  16. Pancreatic and Intestinal Function Post Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass Surgery for Obesity

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    O'Keefe, Stephen J D; Rakitt, Tina; Ou, Junhai

    2017-01-01

    and GI hormone responses were measured during 2 h perfusions of the Roux limb with a standard polymeric liquid formula diet and polyethylene glycol marker, with collections of secretions from the common channel distal to the anastomosis and blood testing. Fat absorption was then measured during a 72 h...... balance study when a normal diet was given containing ~100 g fat/d. RESULTS: Result showed that all patients had some fat malabsorption, but eight had coefficients of fat absorption rates of trypsin...

  17. Effect of sleeve gastrectomy on type 2 diabetes as an alternative treatment modality to Roux-en-Y gastric bypass: systemic review and meta-analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cho, Jun-Min; Kim, Hyun Jung; Lo Menzo, Emanuele; Park, Sungsoo; Szomstein, Samuel; Rosenthal, Raul J

    2015-01-01

    Until recently, Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) was the most frequently performed procedure in bariatric surgery. In the last decade, sleeve gastrectomy (SG) has emerged as a more popular, simpler, and less morbid form of bariatric surgery. This study compares the efficacy of SG and RYGB for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D). Systemic review and meta-analysis. MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library were searched for entries up to December 2013. Search terms included "Sleeve gastrectomy," "Gastric bypass," and "Type 2 diabetes mellitus." The chosen articles described both "Sleeve gastrectomy" and "Gastric bypass" and included over 1 year of follow-up data. Data analysis was performed with Review Manager 5.2 and SPSS version 20. The data set is comprised of 3 retrospective clinical studies, 6 prospective clinical studies, and 2 randomized controlled trials (RCTs), which involved 429 patients in the SG group and 428 patients in the RYGB group. In nonrandomized clinical studies, SG displayed similar efficacy in remission of T2D compared with the standard RYGB. In the RCTs, SG had a lower effect than that of RYGB. T2D remission was not correlated with the percent of excess weight loss for either procedure. Based on the current evidence, SG has a similar effect on T2D remission as RYGB. Copyright © 2015 American Society for Bariatric Surgery. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  18. [Insufficient loss of weight and/or absence of DM2 remission after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass: factors that may influence the unsatisfactory results].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Costa, Anna Christina Charbel; Furtado, Mariana Camara Martins Bezerra; Godoy, Eudes Paiva de; Pontes, Elenir Rose Jardim Cury; Tognini, João Ricardo Filgueiras; Ivo, Maria Lúcia

    2013-06-01

    Roux-en-Y gastric by-pass is considered one of the most effective treatments for maintaining long-term weight loss. However, it is associated to failures manifested by the inability to maintain weight loss, weight gain or poor glycemic control. Study the possible factors that influence weight loss failure and/or DM2 remission. Case-control study of 159 patients submitted to gastric by-pass two or more years postoperatively. Twenty-four individuals with unsatisfactory weight loss and/or DM2 remission were selected as cases and 24 with satisfactory weight loss and/or absence of DM2 remission as controls, matched for age and postoperative time. Of the 24 cases and controls evaluated, the percentage weight gain was 19.32% and 8.68%, percentage DM2 remission 26.6% and 87.5% and percentage DM2 recurrence 6.6% and 0.0%, respectively. Cases and controls exhibited mean maximum preoperative BMI of 53.50±12.24 kg/m2 and 48.77±5.19 kg/m2, respectively. These values were statistically significant in terms of poor weight management or failed surgery. Patients with elevated initial maximum BMI (≥ 50kg/m2) displayed higher weight loss failure rates. Food intolerance and socioeconomic differences are considered factors in weight gain.

  19. Ghrelin, leptin, and glycemic control after sleeve gastrectomy versus Roux-en-Y gastric bypass-results of a randomized clinical trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kalinowski, Piotr; Paluszkiewicz, Rafał; Wróblewski, Tadeusz; Remiszewski, Piotr; Grodzicki, Mariusz; Bartoszewicz, Zbigniew; Krawczyk, Marek

    2017-02-01

    Sleeve gastrectomy (SG) and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) cause weight loss and metabolic improvement, but results of published studies are contradictory. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of SG and RYGB on ghrelin, leptin, and glucose homeostasis in a randomized controlled trial. University hospital, Poland. Seventy-two morbidly obese patients were randomly selected to undergo either SG (n = 36) or RYGB (n = 36). Fasting ghrelin, leptin, glucose, insulin, C-peptide, glucagon, glycated hemoglobin, and homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance were assessed preoperatively and at 1, 6, and 12 months postoperatively. No differences were found in anthropometric and biochemical parameters between the study groups at baseline. Sixty-nine (95.8%) patients completed the study. Percentage of excess weight loss at 12 months was 67.6±19.3% after SG and 64.2±18.5% after RYGB (P>.05). Fasting ghrelin levels decreased 1 month after SG (from 76.8 pmol/L to 35.3 pmol/L; PGhrelin levels decrease after SG and increase after RYGB, but this difference does not affect similar outcomes of these procedures during 1-year follow-up. The contribution of ghrelin to weight loss or metabolic benefits after bariatric surgery is not straightforward, but rather influenced by multiple factors. Copyright © 2017 American Society for Bariatric Surgery. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  20. Biodistribution of technetium-{sup 99m} pertechnetate after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (Capella technique) in rats

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rego, Amalia Cinthia Meneses do; Jacome, Daniel Torres; Ramalho, Rachel de Alcantara Oliveira [Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN), Natal, RN (Brazil); Araujo-Filho, Irami; Azevedo, Italo Medeiros; Medeiros, Aldo Cunha, E-mail: aldo@ufrnet.b [Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN), Natal, RN (Brazil). Dept. of Surgery

    2010-01-15

    Purpose: The biodistribution of sodium pertechnetate, the most used radiopharmaceutical in nuclear medicine, has not been studied in details after bariatric surgery. The objective was to investigate the effect of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) on biodistribution of sodium pertechnetate (Na{sup 99m}Tc-) in organs and tissues of rats. Methods: Twelve rats were randomly divided into two groups of 6 animals each. The RYGB group rats were submitted to the Roux-en-Y gastric bypass and the control group rats were not operated. After 15 days, all rats were injected with 0.1mL of Na{sup 99m}Tc- via orbital plexus with average radioactivity of 0.66 MBq. After 30 minutes, liver, stomach, thyroid, heart, lung, kidney and femur samples were harvested, weighed and percentage of radioactivity per gram (%ATI/g) of each organ was determined by gamma counter Wizard Perkin-Elmer. We applied the Student t test for statistical analysis, considering p<0.05 as significant. Results: Significant reduction in mean %ATI/g was observed in the liver, stomach and femur in the RYGB group animals, compared with the control group rats (p<0.05). In other organs no significant difference in %ATI/g was observed between the two groups. Conclusion: This work contributes to the knowledge that the bariatric surgery RYGB modifies the pattern of biodistribution of Na{sup 99m}Tc{sup -}. (author)

  1. Roux-En-Y gastric bypass and sleeve gastrectomy does not affect food preferences when assessed by an ad libitum buffet meal

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Mette Søndergaard; Christensen, Bodil Just; Ritz, Christian

    2017-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and sleeve gastrectomy (SG) lead to a reduction in energy intake. It is uncertain whether this reduction is simply due to eating smaller portions or if surgery changes food preferences towards less energy-dense food. Previous results rely on verbal...

  2. Acute and long-term effects of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass on glucose metabolism in subjects with Type 2 diabetes and normal glucose tolerance

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, N B; Jacobsen, S H; Dirksen, C

    2012-01-01

    Our aim was to study the potential mechanisms responsible for the improvement in glucose control in Type 2 diabetes (T2D) within days after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). Thirteen obese subjects with T2D and twelve matched subjects with normal glucose tolerance (NGT) were examined during a liqu...

  3. The influence of nutrients, biliary-pancreatic secretions, and systemic trophic hormones on intestinal adaptation in a Roux-en-Y bypass model

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Taqi, Esmaeel; Wallace, Laurie E; de Heuvel, Elaine

    2010-01-01

    The signals that govern the upregulation of nutrient absorption (adaptation) after intestinal resection are not well understood. A Gastric Roux-en-Y bypass (GRYB) model was used to isolate the relative contributions of direct mucosal stimulation by nutrients, biliary-pancreatic secretions, and sy...

  4. S100A8/A9 (Calprotectin), Interleukin-6, and C-Reactive Protein in Obesity and Diabetes before and after Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass Surgery

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lylloff, Louise; Bathum, Lise; Madsbad, Sten

    2017-01-01

    Background: In obesity, which is a major contributor to insulin resistance and diabetes, the circulating level of S100A8/A9 (calprotectin) is elevated and declines after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery (RYGB). However, studies on S100A8/A9 and the pathophysiological mechanisms in insulin...

  5. One-year readmission rates at a high volume bariatric surgery center: laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding, laparoscopic gastric bypass, and vertical banded gastroplasty-Roux-en-Y gastric bypass.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saunders, John; Ballantyne, Garth H; Belsley, Scott; Stephens, Daniel J; Trivedi, Amit; Ewing, Douglas R; Iannace, Vincent A; Capella, Rafael F; Wasileweski, Annette; Moran, Steven; Schmidt, Hans J

    2008-10-01

    An increasing importance has been placed on a bariatric program's readmission rates. Despite the importance of such data, there have been few studies that document 1-year readmission rates. There have been even fewer studies that delineate the causes of readmission. The objective of this study is to delineate the rates and causes of readmissions within 1 year of bariatric operations performed in a high-volume center. Records for all patients undergoing bariatric operations during a 31-month period were harvested from the hospital electronic medical database. Readmissions for these patients were then identified within the hospital database for the year following the index operation. The electronic medical records of all readmitted patients were reviewed. The overall 1-year readmission rate for 1,939 consecutive bariatric operations was 18.8%. The laparoscopic adjustable gastric band (LAGB) had the lowest readmission rate of 12.69%. Next was the vertical banded gastroplasty-Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (VBG-RYGB) with a rate of 15.4%. The laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) had the highest readmission rate of 24.2%. Leading causes of readmission were abdominal pain with normal radiographic studies and elective operations. Independent factors predicting readmission were found to be LOS > 3 days (odds ratio 1.69 p = 0.004) and having a LRYGB (odds ratio of 1.49 p = 0.003). The previously reported reoperation rate for bowel obstruction of 9.7% had decreased to 3.7% due to changes in operative technique. Rates of readmissions for patients undergoing bariatric surgery center at our high-volume center decreased over time and are comparable to other major abdominal operations.

  6. Diabetes-associated microbiota in fa/fa rats is modified by Roux-en-Y gastric bypass

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Arora, Tulika; Seyfried, Florian; Docherty, Neil G

    2017-01-01

    intestinal segments, and their microbiota composition resembled that of unoperated fa/+ rats. To investigate the functional role of RYGB-associated microbiota alterations, we transferred microbiota from sham- and RYGB-treated fa/fa rats to germ-free mice. The metabolic phenotype of RYGB-treated rats......Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and duodenal jejunal bypass (DJB), two different forms of bariatric surgery, are associated with improved glucose tolerance, but it is not clear whether the gut microbiota contributes to this effect. Here we used fa/fa rats as a model of impaired glucose tolerance...... to investigate whether (i) the microbiota varies between fa/fa and nondiabetic fa/+ rats; (ii) the microbiota of fa/fa rats is affected by RYGB and/or DJB; and (iii) surgically induced microbiota alterations contribute to glucose metabolism. We observed a profound expansion of Firmicutes (specifically...

  7. Surgical Models of Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass Surgery and Sleeve Gastrectomy in Rats and Mice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bruinsma, Bote G.; Uygun, Korkut; Yarmush, Martin L.; Saeidi, Nima

    2015-01-01

    Bariatric surgery is the only definitive solution currently available for the present obesity pandemic. These operations typically involve reconfiguration of gastrointestinal tract anatomy and impose profound metabolic and physiological benefits, such as substantially reducing body weight and ameliorating type II diabetes. Therefore, animal models of these surgeries offer unique and exciting opportunities to delineate the underlying mechanisms that contribute to the resolution of obesity and diabetes. Here we describe a standardized procedure for mouse and rat models of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (80–90 minutes operative time) and sleeve gastrectomy (30–45 minutes operative time), which, to a high degree resemble operations in human. We also provide detailed protocols for both pre- and post-operative techniques that ensure a high success rate in the operations. These protocols provide the opportunity to mechanistically investigate the systemic effects of the surgical interventions, such as regulation of body weight, glucose homeostasis, and gut microbiome. PMID:25719268

  8. Diabetes-associated microbiota in fa/fa rats is modified by Roux-en-Y gastric bypass

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Arora, Tulika; Seyfried, Florian; Docherty, Neil G

    2017-01-01

    , Lactobacillus animalis and Lactobacillus reuteri) in the small intestine of diabetic fa/fa compared with nondiabetic fa/+ rats. RYGB-, but not DJB-, treated fa/fa rats exhibited greater microbiota diversity in the ileum and lower L. animalis and L. reuteri abundance compared with sham-operated fa/fa rats in all...... intestinal segments, and their microbiota composition resembled that of unoperated fa/+ rats. To investigate the functional role of RYGB-associated microbiota alterations, we transferred microbiota from sham- and RYGB-treated fa/fa rats to germ-free mice. The metabolic phenotype of RYGB-treated rats......Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and duodenal jejunal bypass (DJB), two different forms of bariatric surgery, are associated with improved glucose tolerance, but it is not clear whether the gut microbiota contributes to this effect. Here we used fa/fa rats as a model of impaired glucose tolerance...

  9. Cerebral markers of the serotonergic system in rat models of obesity and after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ratner, Cecilia; Ettrup, Anders; Bueter, Marco

    2012-01-01

    Food intake and body weight are regulated by a complex system of neural and hormonal signals, of which the anorexigenic neurotransmitter serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine or 5-HT) is central. In this study, rat models of obesity and weight loss intervention were compared with regard to several 5-HT...... and suggests that susceptibility to develop obesity is associated with changed 5-HT tone in the brain that may also regulate hedonic aspects of feeding....... markers. Using receptor autoradiography, brain regional-densities of the serotonin transporter (SERT) and the 5-HT(2A) and 5-HT(4) receptors were measured in (i) selectively bred polygenic diet-induced obese (pgDIO) rats, (ii) outbred DIO rats, and (iii) Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB)-operated rats. pg...

  10. CHANGES IN QUALITY OF LIFE AFTER SHORT AND LONG TERM FOLLOW-UP OF ROUX-EN-Y GASTRIC BYPASS FOR MORBID OBESITY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael M. LAURINO NETO

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Context It is unclear whether health-related quality of life (HRQL is sustained in a long-term follow-up of morbidly obese patients who underwent Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB. Objective This study aims to analyze the HRQL changes following RYGB in short and long-term follow-up. Methods We compared the health-related quality of life among three separate patient groups, using the Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36. Group A - 50 preoperative morbidly obese patients; Group B - 50 RYGB patients 1-2 years post-surgery; Group C - 50 RYGB patients more than 7 years post-surgery. Results The groups were similar for gender, age and body mass index before surgery. We observed that physical functioning, social function, emotional role functioning and mental health scales did not vary between the three groups. The physical role functioning scale was unchanged in the short-term and decreased compared to the preoperative scale in the long-term follow-up. Bodily pain improved after the operation but returned to the initial level after 7 years. The vitality and general health perceptions improved after the operation and maintained these results after 7 years compared with the preoperative perceptions. Conclusions RYGB improved health-related quality of life in three SF-36 domains (bodily pain, general health perceptions and vitality in the short-term and two SF-36 domains (general health perceptions and vitality in the long-term.

  11. Conversion of Open Vertical Banded Gastroplasty to Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass: a Single-Center, Single-Surgeon Experience with 6 Years of Follow-up.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gys, Ben; Haenen, Filip; Ruyssers, Michael; Gys, Tobie; Lafullarde, Thierry

    2016-04-01

    The aim of this study is to assess feasibility, relief of complications and mid- and long-term weight loss results following the conversion of open vertical banded gastroplasty (VBG) to Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). Retrospective analysis of patients undergoing conversion of open VBG to RYGB (open and laparoscopic) between 1 April 2000 and 1 January 2015 was performed. (Post)operative complications were listed. Weight loss was assessed using excess weight (EW), percentage excess weight loss (%EWL) and body mass index (BMI) at 1-year intervals after surgery. Ideal weight was determined by recalculating individual lengths to a BMI of 25 kg/m(2). Application of polynomial regression models was used to quantify weight loss over time. Ninety patients were identified in the database. Mean time between bariatric interventions was 9.6 years. Reasons for conversion were insufficient weight loss (82.2%) and outlet obstruction (17.8%). Early complications were encountered in eight patients of which three were reoperated. Patients who underwent conversion for inadequate weight loss after VBG were retrospectively analyzed regarding weight loss: 78.0% EWL after 1 year, 71.4% after 2 years, 62.1% after 3 years, 64.1% after 4 years, 70.2% after 5 years, and 68.9% after 6 years. Outlet obstruction was relieved in 94%. Patient satisfaction was assessed by telephone: 86.4% would repeat the conversion. Conversion of open VBG to RYGB is feasible and safe and can be performed with an acceptable complication rate. It gives excellent weight loss results and relief of outlet obstruction.

  12. Recruitment and screening for a randomized trial investigating Roux-en-Y gastric bypass versus intensive medical management for treatment of type 2 diabetes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomas, Avis J; Bainbridge, Heather A; Schone, Joyce L; Chen, Shu-Chun; Connett, John E; Ikramuddin, Sayeed; Lee, Wei-Jei; Jensen, Michael D; Leslie, Daniel B; Korner, Judith

    2014-11-01

    Large-scale randomized clinical trials are needed to assess the role of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) in treating patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Recruitment challenges must be understood. One hundred twenty participants were needed for a prospective randomized controlled trial investigating treatments for hyperglycemia and cardiovascular disease risk factors in patients with T2DM. The trial had two arms-intensive medical management plus a rigorous lifestyle intervention (LS/IMM) versus LS/IMM with RYGB. Medical inclusion criteria included glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) ≥ 8.0 % while under the care of a physician and body mass index (BMI) 30.0-39.9 kg/m(2). Another inclusion criterion was expressed willingness to accept randomization and participate fully. Varied recruitment strategies were employed at four academic hospitals in the USA and Taiwan, including referrals, mass media, direct mail to patients drawn from a practice-based database, and direct mail to commercial mailing lists. Between February 2008 and December 2011, 2,648 candidates were phone-screened and 240 were screened on site; 120 participants were eventually randomized. Impediments included stringent medical inclusion criteria and a lack of equipoise (i.e., strong beliefs or preferences) among patients and their personal community-based physicians. To meet timeline requirements, the upper limit for BMI was increased from 34.9 to 39.9 kg/m(2) and an additional site was added. We successfully recruited 120 participants with poorly controlled T2DM and mild to moderate obesity. Participants had to be willing to accept randomization to either surgical or nonsurgical treatments. Recruitment took 4 years.

  13. Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass versus laparoscopic mini gastric bypass in the treatment of obesity: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial.

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    Kraljević, Marko; Delko, Tarik; Köstler, Thomas; Osto, Elena; Lutz, Thomas; Thommen, Sarah; Droeser, Raoul A; Rothwell, Lincoln; Oertli, Daniel; Zingg, Urs

    2017-05-22

    Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) is considered the gold standard in bariatric surgery, achieving durable long-term weight loss with improvement of obesity-related comorbidities. Lately, the laparoscopic mini gastric bypass (LMGB) has gained worldwide popularity with similar results to LRYGB in terms of weight loss and comorbidity resolution. However, there is a lack of randomized controlled trials (RCT) comparing LMGB and LRYGB. This article describes the design and protocol of a randomized controlled trial comparing the outcomes of these two bariatric procedures. The trial is designed as a single center, randomized, patient and observer blinded trial. The relevant ethics committee has approved the trial protocol. To demonstrate that LMGB is not inferior to LRYGB in terms of excess weight loss (EWL) the study is conducted as a non-inferiority trial with the sample-size calculations performed accordingly. EWL 12 months after surgery is the primary endpoint, whereas 3-year EWL, morbidity, mortality, remission of obesity related comorbidities, quality of life (QOL) and hormonal and lipid profile changes are secondary endpoints. Eighty patients, 18 years or older and with a body mass index (BMI) between 35 and 50 kg/m2 who meet the Swiss guidelines for the surgical treatment of morbid obesity will be randomized. The endpoints and baseline measurements will be assessed pre-surgery, peri-surgery and post-surgery (fixed follow up measurements are at discharge and at the time points 6 weeks and 12 and 36 months postoperatively). With its 3-year follow up time, this RCT will provide important data on the impact of LMGB and LRYGB on EWL, remission of comorbidities, QOL and hormonal and lipid profile changes. ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT02601092 . Registered on 28 September 2015.

  14. Comorbidities remission after Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass for morbid obesity is sustained in a long-term follow-up and correlates with weight regain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laurino Neto, Rafael M; Herbella, Fernando A M; Tauil, Renato M; Silva, Fabricio S; de Lima, Sizenando E

    2012-10-01

    Obesity-related comorbidities are treated by Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) due to weight loss and intestinal hormone changes. Few studies report the evolution of these comorbidities in a long-term follow-up, especially if weight regain is present. This study aims to analyze: (1) the resolution of obesity-related comorbidities after RYGB in a long-term follow-up and (2) its relationship to weight regain. A retrospective study was conducted on 140 patients submitted to RYGB for morbid obesity for at least 5 years (mean follow-up 90 months). Mean body mass index (BMI) before operation was 52 kg/m(2), at nadir weight 29 kg/m(2), and at last follow-up 33 kg/m(2). The comorbidities diabetes, cardiovascular disease, arterial hypertension, dyslipidemia, sleep apnea, arthropathy, and infertility were classified as resolved, improved, unchanged, and worsened at nadir weight that happened between the first and second year and after five or more years of surgery. For each comorbidity, we compared the changes in the distribution of patients in the categories and the correlation of it with weight loss at the nadir and final weight. BMI was significantly different in the three periods. Comorbidities resolution was sustained in a long-term follow-up for diabetes, hypertension, cardiovascular disease, and infertility. Comorbidities status was directly related to the weight loss for all comorbidities except infertility. Our results show that comorbidities remission after RYGB is sustained in a long-term follow-up. Weight regain is linked to worse results for all comorbidities except infertility.

  15. Roux-en-Y gastric bypass in rats progressively decreases the proportion of fat calories selected from a palatable cafeteria diet.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mathes, Clare M; Letourneau, Chanel; Blonde, Ginger D; le Roux, Carel W; Spector, Alan C

    2016-05-15

    Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery (RYGB) decreases caloric intake in both human patients and rodent models. In long-term intake tests, rats decrease their preference for fat and/or sugar after RYGB, and patients may have similar changes in food selection. Here we evaluated the impact of RYGB on intake during a "cafeteria"-style presentation of foods to assess if rats would lower the percentage of calories taken from fat and/or sugar after RYGB in a more complex dietary context. Male Sprague-Dawley rats that underwent either RYGB or sham surgery (Sham) were presurgically and postsurgically given 8-days free access to four semisolid foods representative of different fat and sugar levels along with standard chow and water. Compared with Sham rats, RYGB rats took proportionally fewer calories from fat and more calories from carbohydrates; the latter was not attributable to an increase in sugar intake. The proportion of calories taken from protein after RYGB also increased slightly. Importantly, these postsurgical macronutrient caloric intake changes in the RYGB rats were progressive, making it unlikely that the surgery had an immediate impact on the hedonic evaluation of the foods and strongly suggesting that learning is influencing the food choices. Indeed, despite these dietary shifts, RYGB, as well as Sham, rats continued to select the majority of their calories from the high-fat/high-sugar option. Apparently after RYGB, rats can progressively regulate their intake and selection of complex foods to achieve a seemingly healthier macronutrient dietary composition. Copyright © 2016 the American Physiological Society.

  16. Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery reduces bone mineral density and induces metabolic acidosis in rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abegg, Kathrin; Gehring, Nicole; Wagner, Carsten A; Liesegang, Annette; Schiesser, Marc; Bueter, Marco; Lutz, Thomas A

    2013-11-01

    Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery leads to bone loss in humans, which may be caused by vitamin D and calcium malabsorption and subsequent secondary hyperparathyroidism. However, because these conditions occur frequently in obese people, it is unclear whether they are the primary causes of bone loss after RYGB. To determine the contribution of calcium and vitamin D malabsorption to bone loss in a rat RYGB model, adult male Wistar rats were randomized for RYGB surgery, sham-operation-ad libitum fed, or sham-operation-body weight-matched. Bone mineral density, calcium and phosphorus balance, acid-base status, and markers of bone turnover were assessed at different time points for 14 wk after surgery. Bone mineral density decreased for several weeks after RYGB. Intestinal calcium absorption was reduced early after surgery, but plasma calcium and parathyroid hormone levels were normal. 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels decreased, while levels of active 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D increased after surgery. RYGB rats displayed metabolic acidosis due to increased plasma lactate levels and increased urinary calcium loss throughout the study. These results suggest that initial calcium malabsorption may play a key role in bone loss early after RYGB in rats, but other factors, including chronic metabolic acidosis, contribute to insufficient bone restoration after normalization of intestinal calcium absorption. Secondary hyperparathyroidism is not involved in postoperative bone loss. Upregulated vitamin D activation may compensate for any vitamin D malabsorption.

  17. The role of obestatin in Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery in the obese, type 2 diabetes Zucker rat.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Xianhui; Wang, Jianli; Li, Ling; Wang, Chunbin; Li, Weihua; Zhang, Qin; Yang, Linghui

    2016-09-01

    Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is a novel therapy for diabetes and the exact mechanisms of this procedure remain unclear. Obestatin is an important gut hormone. We aimed to explore the role of obestatin in the therapeutic mechanism of RYGB. Twenty obese Zucker rats and twenty Wistar rats were randomly assigned to two groups: RYGB and sham surgery. We evaluated plasma obestatin and insulin levels pre- and post-RYGB. Additionally, obestatin expression levels in the gastrointestinal tract were assessed using immunohistochemical staining. In Zucker rats, plasma obestatin and insulin levels gradually increased after RYGB. At post-operation week 7, plasma levels of obestatin were higher in the RYGB group than the sham operation group, and fasting plasma insulin levels were significantly increased the in RYGB group compared with the sham operation group. Furthermore, we observed a positive relationship between obestatin and insulin plasma levels. Among 10 zucker rats, high expression of obestatin was only seen in the jejunum of 2 rats before the operation; however, high expression of obestatin was seen in the Roux limb of 8 rats and in the ileum of 7 rats after RYGB. The expression of obestatin was significantly higher in the intestine in the RYGB group than the sham operation group postoperatively. We propose that obestatin maybe a potential mediator to improve glucose homeostasis after RYGB. The increase of obestatin secretion may be an important mechanism through which RYGB alleviates obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  18. Body composition and bone health in adolescents after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass for severe obesity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beamish, A J; Gronowitz, E; Olbers, T; Flodmark, C-E; Marcus, C; Dahlgren, J

    2017-06-01

    Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) causes changes in body composition and bone metabolism, yet little is known about effects in adolescents. The objective of this study was to report dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry measures and serum bone markers, hypothesizing that bone turnover increases after surgery. Inclusion criteria included the following: age 13-18 years and body mass index (BMI) >35 kg/m2 . Seventy-two adolescents (22 boys; mean age 16.5 years; BMI 44.8 kg/m2 ) undergoing RYGB underwent dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry and serum bone marker analyses preoperatively and annually for 2 years. Mean BMI reduction at 2 years was 15.1 kg/m2 . Body composition changes included a reduction in fat mass (51.8% to 39.6%, p BMD-Z) at baseline were within or above the normal range. The mean (SD) BMD-Z was 2.02 (1.2) at baseline, decreasing to 0.52 (1.19) at 2 years. Higher concentrations of serum CTX (p BMD decreased to levels approaching a norm for age. Long-term outcome will determine the clinical relevance. © 2016 World Obesity Federation.

  19. Calorie restriction and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass have opposing effects on circulating FGF21 in morbidly obese subjects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lips, Mirjam A; de Groot, Gerrit H; Berends, Frits J; Wiezer, Renee; van Wagensveld, Bart A; Swank, Dingeman J; Luijten, Arijan; van Dijk, Ko Willems; Pijl, Hanno; Jansen, Peter L M; Schaap, Frank G

    2014-12-01

    To study the effect of different weight loss strategies on levels of the metabolic regulator FGF21 in morbidly obese females with normal glucose tolerance (NGT) or type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Observational intervention trial. Weight reduction was achieved by Gastric Banding (GB, n = 11) or Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass (RYGB, n = 16) in subjects with NGT, and by RYGB (n = 15) or a very-low-calorie diet (VLCD, n = 12) in type 2 diabetics. Fasted and/or postprandial levels of FGF21, FGF19 (an FGF21-related postprandial hormone) and bile salts (implicated in regulation of FGF21 and FGF19 expression) were measured before, and 3 and 12 weeks after intervention. Fasted FGF21 levels were elevated in T2DM subjects. Calorie restriction by either GB or VLCD lowered bile salt and FGF21 levels. In contrast, RYGB surgery was associated with elevated bile salt and FGF21 levels. Calorie restriction and RYGB have opposite effects on serum bile salt and FGF21 levels. Calorie restriction results in FGF21 approaching nonobese control levels, suggesting that this intervention is effective in reducing the "nutritional crisis" that appears to underly FGF21 elevation in obesity. FGF21 elevation after RYGB may contribute to the beneficial effect of this procedure. © 2014 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  20. Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass versus laparoscopic vertical banded gastroplasty: results of a 2-year follow-up study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goergen, M; Arapis, K; Limgba, A; Schiltz, M; Lens, V; Azagra, J S

    2007-04-01

    The world's epidemic of obesity is responsible for the development of bariatric surgery in recent decades. The number of gastrointestinal surgeries performed annually for severe obesity (BMI > 40 kg/m2) in the United States has increased from about 16,000 in the early 1990s to about 103,000 in 2003. The surgical techniques can be classified as restrictive, malabsorptive, or mixed procedures. This article presents the results for 2 years of bariatric surgery in the authors' minimally invasive center and analyzes the results of the most used surgical techniques with regard to eating habits. Between January 2002 and January 2004, the authors attempted operations for morbid obesity in 110 consecutive patients adequately selected by a multidisciplinary obesity unit. This represented 43% of all consultations for morbidly obese patients. The patients were classified as sweet eaters or non-sweet eaters. All sweet eaters underwent gastric bypass. The procedures included 70 Roux-en-Y gastric bypasses, 39 Mason's vertical banded gastroplasties, and 1 combination of vertical gastroplasty with an antireflux procedure. Revision procedures were excluded. The mean age of the patients was 41.36 years (range, 23-67 years), and 72.3% were female. The mean preoperative body mass index was 44.78 kg/m2 (range, 34.75-70.16 kg/m2). The mean operating time was longer for gastric bypass than for the Mason procedure. Three patients required conversion to an open procedure (2.7%). The two operative techniques had the same efficacy in weight reduction. Early complications developed in 11 patients (10%), and late complications occurred in 9 patients (8.1%). The postoperative length of hospital stay averaged 4.4 days (range, 1-47 days; median, 4 days), and was longer in the gastric bypass group. The mortality rate was zero. Data were available 2 years after surgery for 101 of the 110 patients (91%). Most comorbid conditions resolved by 1 year after surgery regardless of the type of operation

  1. Clinical outcomes of Roux-en-Y and Billroth I reconstruction after a distal gastrectomy for gastric cancer: What is the optimal reconstructive procedure?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tanaka, Shinnosuke; Matsuo, Katsuichi; Matsumoto, Hisanobu; Maki, Takanobu; Nakano, Masahiko; Sasaki, Takamitsu; Yamashita, Yuichi

    2011-01-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical advantages of Roux-en-Y (R-Y) and Billroth-I (B-I) reconstruction after distal gastrectomy for gastric cancer by examining the postoperative symptoms based on a patient questionnaire and patient nutrition. In addition, this study determined which of the R-Y or B-I procedures is preferable following distal gastrectomy. Fifty-one patients who had undergone R-Y reconstruction and 50 patients who had undergone B-I reconstruction were retrospectively enrolled in this study. The operative and postoperative findings such as operating time, blood loss, complications, and postoperative hospital stay were evaluated as short-term clinical outcomes. Postoperative serum nutrition parameters, transition of body weight, incidence of residual gastritis, and clinical symptoms were evaluated as mid-term clinical outcomes. An assessment of symptoms was based on a questionnaire concerning dumping symptoms, reflux symptoms, food intake, and satisfaction with the operation. No significant differences were observed in the operative and postoperative clinical parameters without stage grouping. The transition of serum nutrition parameters revealed no significant differences between the two groups for the preoperative and postoperative states. Dumping symptoms, reflux symptoms, and abdominal symptoms were less frequent in R-Y patients, but there were no significant differences between the two groups. Moreover, the differences in body weight recovery rates were not found to be statistically significant between two groups. However, the incidence of residual gastritis was significantly less in R-Y patients (21.2%) than in B-I patients (68.8%) (p < 0.05). The questionnaire results regarding food intake and surgery satisfaction were not significantly different between the two groups. Definite clinical advantages were not recognized in patients with R-Y reconstruction. B-I and R-Y reconstructive procedures should be selected according to the

  2. Gastroplastia redutora com bypass gastrojejunal em Y-de-Roux: conversão para bypass gastrointestinal distal por perda insuficiente de peso - experiência em 41 pacientes Gastric bypass Roux-en-Y gastrojejunostomy: conversion to distal gastrojejunoileostomy for weight loss failure - experience in 41 patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Carlos Pareja

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available RACIONAL: O tratamento cirúrgico é a única modalidade efetiva de tratamento da obesidade mórbida. O insucesso do bypass gastrointestinal (percentagem de perda de excesso de peso inferior a 50% pode chegar a 10% dos pacientes operados a longo prazo (acima de 5, num ideal de 10 anos. OBJETIVOS: Avaliar os resultados, em termos de perda de peso, dos pacientes submetidos a reoperação com a finalidade de aumentar o componente disabsortivo. CASUÍSTICA E MÉTODOS: Estudaram-se 41 doentes, sendo 32 submetidos a reoperação por uma de três técnicas cirúrgicas (Fobi, Brolin e bypass gastrojejunoileal distal nas quais foi realizada diminuição da área absortiva do intestino delgado. RESULTADOS: Os doentes submetidos a bypass gastrojejunoileal distal apresentaram resultados superiores aos demais (69,7%. CONCLUSÃO: O emprego do bypass distal pode ser utilizado em casos selecionados com o intuito de melhorar os resultados em termos de perda de peso. É aconselhável a centralização desses procedimentos em serviços de referência com experiência na área específica de cirurgia bariátrica, para acompanhamento rigoroso desses doentes.BACKGROUND: Surgery is the only effective treatment for morbid obesity. Gastric bypass could fail in up to 10% of the patients (excess weight loss under 50%. AIMS: To evaluate the weight loss determined by reoperation performing disabsortive variation of gastric bypass. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The records of 41 patients, in whom 32 were submitted to reoperation by one of three surgical techniques (Fobi, Brolin, distal gastrojejunoileal bypass which consisted in increasing the disabsortive length of intestinal limb. RESULTS: The patients submitted to distal gastrojejunoileal bypass showed the best results (69,7%. CONCLUSION: The distal gastric bypass as a revisional procedure could be done in selected cases with the aim to improve the weight loss. It is advisable to refer these patients to selected centers (known as

  3. EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM ROUX-EN-Y GASTRIC BYPASS ON BODY WEIGHT AND CLINICAL METABOLIC COMORBIDITIES IN BARIATRIC SURGERY SERVICE OF A UNIVERSITY HOSPITAL.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silva, Cátia Ferreira da; Cohen, Larissa; Sarmento, Luciana d'Abreu; Rosa, Felipe Monnerat Marino; Rosado, Eliane Lopes; Carneiro, João Régis Ivar; Souza, Antônio Augusto Peixoto de; Magno, Fernanda Cristina Carvalho Mattos

    Due to the high failure rate observed in the clinical treatment of morbid obesity an increase in bariatric surgery indications, as an alternative for the control of obesity and comorbidities, is noticeable. To evaluate the performance of type 2 diabetes mellitus, high blood pressure and dyslipidemia in patients submitted to Roux-en-Y gastric bypass in late follow-up. Retrospective analysis of 59 patients included in the bariatric surgery program. Anthropometric (height and body weight) and laboratory (LDLc, HDLc, VLDLc, triglyceride -TG - and glucose) data were collected on pre- and postoperative stages, through medical records. Among the patients, 86% were female aged 43±11, of whom 52% had attended high school. The average postoperative time was 7±3 years. During the postoperative period, there were decreases of weight and body mass index, respectively (133±06 kg vs 91±04 kg ppacientes submetidos à gastroplastia redutora em Y-de-Roux no período de pós-operatório tardio. Análise retrospectiva de 59 pacientes inseridos em programa de cirurgia bariátrica. Foram coletados dados antropométricos (altura e peso corporal) e laboratoriais (LDLc, HDLc, VLDLc, triglicerídeo -TG - e glicose) nos períodos pré e pós-operatório por meio de prontuários médicos. Entre os pacientes, 86% eram mulheres com idade de 43±11 anos e 52% tinham cursado o ensino médio. O tempo médio de pós-operatório foi de 7±3 anos. Houve redução no peso e no índice de massa corporal no pós-operatório, respectivamente (133±06 kg vs 91±04 kg ppacientes hipertensos ainda estavam em tratamento para hipertensão arterial sistêmica. Houve remissão do diabete melito tipo 2 e da dislipidemia em 81% e 94% dos casos, respectivamente. A gastroplastia redutora em Y-de-Roux mostrou ser procedimento eficaz em longo prazo, com resultados persistentes na perda de peso, remissão do DM2 e da dislipidemia.

  4. Comparing Outcomes of Two Types of Bariatric Surgery in an Adolescent Obese Population: Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass versus Sleeve Gastrectomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giovana D Maffazioli

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Background: Obesity is prevalent among adolescents and is associated with serious health consequences. Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass (RYGB and Sleeve Gastrectomy (SG are bariatric procedures that cause significant weight loss in adults and are increasingly being performed in adolescents with morbid obesity. Data comparing outcomes of RYGB versus SG in this age-group are scarce. This study aims to compare short-term (1-6 months and longer-term (7-18 months body mass index (BMI and biochemical outcomes following RYGB and SG in adolescents/young adults.Methods: A retrospective study using data extracted from medical records of patients 16-21 years who underwent RYGB or SG between 2012-2014 at a tertiary care academic medical center. Results: Forty-six patients were included in this study: 24 underwent RYGB and 22 underwent SG. Groups did not differ for baseline age, sex, race or BMI. BMI reductions were significant at 1-6 months and 7-18 months within groups (p<0.0001, but did not differ by surgery type (p= 0.65 and 0.09, for 1-6 months and 7-18 months, respectively. Over 7-18 months, within-group improvement in low density lipoprotein (LDL (-24±6 in RYGB, p=0.003, vs. -7±9mg/dL in SG, p=0.50 and non-high density lipoprotein (non-HDL cholesterol (-23±8 in RYGB, p=0.02, vs. -12±7 in SG, p=0.18 appeared to be of greater magnitude following RYGB. However, differences between groups did not reach statistical significance. When divided by non-alcoholic steatohepatitis stages (NASH, patients with Stage II-III NASH had greater reductions in ALT levels vs. those with Stage 0-I NASH (-45±18 vs -9±3, p=0.01 after 7-18 months. RYGB and SG groups did not differ for the magnitude of post-surgical changes in liver enzymes. Conclusion: RYGB and SG did not differ for the magnitude of BMI reduction across groups, though changes trended higher following RYGB. Further prospective studies are needed to confirm these findings.

  5. Late Postoperative Complications in Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy (LVSG) Versus Laparoscopic Roux-en-y Gastric Bypass (LRYGB): Meta-analysis and Systematic Review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Osland, Emma; Yunus, Rossita M; Khan, Shahjahan; Memon, Breda; Memon, Muhammed A

    2016-06-01

    Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) and laparoscopic vertical sleeve gastrectomy (LVSG), have been proposed as cost-effective strategies to manage obesity-related chronic disease. The objectives of this meta-analysis and systematic review were to analyze the "late postoperative complication rate (>30 days)" for these 2 procedures. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) published between 2000 and 2015 comparing the late complication rates, that is, >30 days following LVSG and LRYGB in adult population (ie, 16 y and above) were selected from PubMed, Medline, Embase, Science Citation Index, Current Contents, and the Cochrane database. The outcome variables analyzed included mortality rate, major and minor complications, and interventions required for their management and readmission rates. Random effects model was used to calculate the effect size of both binary and continuous data. Heterogeneity among the outcome variables of these trials was determined by the Cochran Q statistic and I index. The meta-analysis was prepared in accordance with the Preferred Reporting of Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines. Six RCTs involving a total of 685 patients (LVSG, n=345; LRYGB, n=340) reported late major complications. A nonstatistical reduction in relative odds favoring the LVSG procedure was observed [odds ratio (OR), 0.64; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.21-1.97; P=0.4]. Four RCTs representing 408 patients (LVSG, n=208; LRYGB, n=200) reported late minor complications. A nonstatistically significant reduction of 36% in relative odds favoring the LVSG procedure was observed (OR, 0.64; 95% CI, 0.28-1.47; P=0.3). A 37% relative reduction in odds was observed in favor of the LVSG for the need for additional interventions to manage late postoperative complications that did not reach statistical significance (OR, 0.63; 95% CI, 0.19-2.05; P=0.4). No study specifically reported readmissions required for the management of late complication. This meta-analysis and

  6. Impact of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass versus sleeve gastrectomy on vitamin D metabolism: short-term results from a prospective randomized clinical trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vix, Michel; Liu, Keng-Hao; Diana, Michele; D'Urso, Antonio; Mutter, Didier; Marescaux, Jacques

    2014-03-01

    To assess postoperative outcomes of sleeve gastrectomy (SG) versus Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). Short-term results on vitamin D and parathormone (PTH) metabolism are reported. One hundred patients were randomly assigned to RYGB (n = 45) or SG (n = 55). Vitamin D, PTH, and calcium were assessed at inclusion and after 1, 3, 6, and 12 months (M1, M3, M6, and M12). Eighty-eight patients completed 1-year follow-up. Mean postoperative excess weight loss (%EWL) at M1, M3, M6, and M12 was 25.39, 43.47, 63.75, and 80.38 % versus 25.25, 51.32, 64.67, and 82.97 % in RYGB and SG, respectively. Vitamin D values were statistically significantly higher after SG compared to RYGB at M3 (61.57 pmol/L, standard deviation [SD] 14.29 vs. 54.81 SD 7.65; p = 0.01) and M12 (59.83 pmol/L, SD 6.41 vs. 56.15 SD 8.18; p = 0.02). Vitamin D deficiency rate decreased from 84.62 to 35 % at M6 (p = 0.04) and 48 % at M12 (p = 0.01) in the SG group, while there was no significant improvement in the RYGB group. Serum parathyroid hormone (sPTH) level was decreased significantly in the SG group by M3 (44.8 ng/L vs. 28.6; p = 0.03), M6 (44.9 ng/L vs. 25.8; p = 0.017), and M12 (41.4 ng/L vs. 20.5; p = 0.017). Secondary hyperparathyroidism rate was 20.83 and 24 % at M1 (p = 1), 16.67 and 8 % at M3 (p = 0.41), 14.29 and 0 % at M6 (p = 0.08), and 15 and 0 % at M12 (p = 0.23) in the RYGB and SG groups, respectively. Patients after RYGB had a significantly higher postoperative vitamin D deficiency and higher sPTH levels than after SG.

  7. Lifestyle Intervention and Medical Management With vs Without Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass and Control of Hemoglobin A1c, LDL Cholesterol, and Systolic Blood Pressure at 5 Years in the Diabetes Surgery Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ikramuddin, Sayeed; Korner, Judith; Lee, Wei-Jei; Thomas, Avis J; Connett, John E; Bantle, John P; Leslie, Daniel B; Wang, Qi; Inabnet, William B; Jeffery, Robert W; Chong, Keong; Chuang, Lee-Ming; Jensen, Michael D; Vella, Adrian; Ahmed, Leaque; Belani, Kumar; Billington, Charles J

    2018-01-16

    The Roux-en-Y gastric bypass is effective in achieving established diabetes treatment targets, but durability is unknown. To compare durability of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass added to intensive lifestyle and medical management in achieving diabetes control targets. Observational follow-up of a randomized clinical trial at 4 sites in the United States and Taiwan, involving 120 participants who had a hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) level of 8.0% or higher and a body mass index between 30.0 and 39.9 (enrolled between April 2008 and December 2011) were followed up for 5 years, ending in November 2016. Lifestyle-intensive medical management intervention based on the Diabetes Prevention Program and LookAHEAD trials for 2 years, with and without (60 participants each) Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery followed by observation to year 5. The American Diabetes Association composite triple end point of hemoglobin A1c less than 7.0%, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol less than 100 mg/dL, and systolic blood pressure less than 130 mm Hg at 5 years. Of 120 participants who were initially randomized (mean age, 49 years [SD, 8 years], 72 women [60%]), 98 (82%) completed 5 years of follow-up. Baseline characteristics were similar between groups: mean (SD) body mass index 34.4 (3.2) for the lifestyle-medical management group and 34.9 (3.0) for the gastric bypass group and had hemoglobin A1c levels of 9.6% (1.2) and 9.6% (1.0), respectively. At 5 years, 13 participants (23%) in the gastric bypass group and 2 (4%) in the lifestyle-intensive medical management group had achieved the composite triple end point (difference, 19%; 95% CI, 4%-34%; P = .01). In the fifth year, 31 patients (55%) in the gastric bypass group vs 8 (14%) in the lifestyle-medical management group achieved an HbA1c level of less than 7.0% (difference, 41%; 95% CI, 19%-63%; P = .002). Gastric bypass had more serious adverse events than did the lifestyle-medical management intervention, 66 events vs 38 events, most

  8. Metabolite profiling identifies candidate markers reflecting the clinical adaptations associated with Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery.

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    David M Mutch

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB surgery is associated with weight loss, improved insulin sensitivity and glucose homeostasis, and a reduction in co-morbidities such as diabetes and coronary heart disease. To generate further insight into the numerous metabolic adaptations associated with RYGB surgery, we profiled serum metabolites before and after gastric bypass surgery and integrated metabolite changes with clinical data. METHODOLOGY AND PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Serum metabolites were detected by gas and liquid chromatography-coupled mass spectrometry before, and 3 and 6 months after RYGB in morbidly obese female subjects (n = 14; BMI = 46.2+/-1.7. Subjects showed decreases in weight-related parameters and improvements in insulin sensitivity post surgery. The abundance of 48% (83 of 172 of the measured metabolites changed significantly within the first 3 months post RYGB (p<0.05, including sphingosines, unsaturated fatty acids, and branched chain amino acids. Dividing subjects into obese (n = 9 and obese/diabetic (n = 5 groups identified 8 metabolites that differed consistently at all time points and whose serum levels changed following RYGB: asparagine, lysophosphatidylcholine (C18:2, nervonic (C24:1 acid, p-Cresol sulfate, lactate, lycopene, glucose, and mannose. Changes in the aforementioned metabolites were integrated with clinical data for body mass index (BMI and estimates for insulin resistance (HOMA-IR. Of these, nervonic acid was significantly and negatively correlated with HOMA-IR (p = 0.001, R = -0.55. CONCLUSIONS: Global metabolite profiling in morbidly obese subjects after RYGB has provided new information regarding the considerable metabolic alterations associated with this surgical procedure. Integrating clinical measurements with metabolomics data is capable of identifying markers that reflect the metabolic adaptations following RYGB.

  9. Alterations of Gut Microbiota After Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass and Sleeve Gastrectomy in Sprague-Dawley Rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shao, Yikai; Ding, Rui; Xu, Bo; Hua, Rong; Shen, Qiwei; He, Kai; Yao, Qiyuan

    2017-02-01

    The objective of the study was to compare gut microbiota post Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and sleeve gastrectomy (SG). Sprague-Dawley rats were randomized to RYGB, SG, or sham surgery. Body weight was measured. Fecal samples were collected before and 1, 3, 6, and 9 weeks postoperatively. Fecal microbiota was profiled by 16S ribosomal DNA gene sequencing and analyzed using Quantitative Insights into Microbial Ecology (QIIME) to determine the α and β diversities of gut microbiota. The body weight of the RYGB and SG group was significantly lower than that of the sham group. Unweighted UniFrac-based principal coordinate analysis of 5,323,091 sequences from 85 fecal samples from 17 rats revealed a distinct cluster of gut microbiota post RYGB from SG and sham surgery. The percentage of Proteobacteria in the SG and sham group remained markedly lower than that of the RYGB group from 3 weeks postoperatively, while the proportion of Gammaproteobacteria in the RYGB group was significantly higher than that of the SG group and the sham group from 3 weeks postoperatively. Furthermore, the RYGB group was postoperatively enriched for Gammaproteobacteria and Bacteroidaceae, whereas the SG group was postoperatively enriched for Desulfovibrionaceae and Cyanobacteria. Compared to the pre-operative parameters, the RYGB group had a persistent increase in the relative abundance of Gammaproteobacteria and a decrease in the Shannon index, while the SG group only transiently exhibited these changes within the first week after surgery. The relative abundance of Gammaproteobacteria was negatively correlated, whereas the Shannon index was positively correlated with weight after surgery. RYGB, but not SG, alters the gut microbiota of Sprague-Dawley rats. RYGB also reduces the diversity of gut microbiota. Furthermore, the abundance of Gammaproteobacteria negatively correlates with postoperative body weight and may be one of the potential contributors to stable weight loss after

  10. Roux-en-Y gastric bypass increases hepatic and peripheral insulin sensitivity in rats with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    He, Bing; Chen, Li; Yu, Cong; Piao, Dongxu; Wang, Yong; Han, Ping

    2014-01-01

    Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery for the treatment of obesity leads to long-term diabetes remission in approximately 80% of cases. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of RYGB on hepatic and peripheral insulin sensitivity in type 2 diabetic rats and their possible mechanisms. We also tested the hypothesis that RYGB reduces lipid content and improves insulin sensitivity in hepatocytes and skeletal muscle cells. Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into 4 groups: diabetic RYGB group (n = 18), diabetic RYGB sham group (n = 6), diabetic group (n = 6), and nondiabetic control group (n = 6). The hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamp with tracer infusion was completed at 2, 4, and 8 weeks postoperatively to assess insulin sensitivity. The lipid content in liver and muscle tissue was examined. Postoperatively, the diabetic RYGB group had significant decreases in weight, fat mass, and food intake. Two weeks after surgery, RYGB had significantly improved the hepatic insulin sensitivity index and decreased the hepatic triglyceride, total cholesterol, and fatty acyl-CoA content. The significantly increased insulin sensitivity and decreased lipid content in muscle were not detected until 4 weeks after RYGB surgery. The basal insulin and C-peptide concentrations were significantly lower than those in diabetic group by 2 weeks after RYGB. The increased insulin sensitivity after RYGB occurs earlier in the liver than in the muscle and both may contribute to long-term remission of type 2 diabetes. Reduced lipid content of hepatocytes and skeletal muscle cells after RYGB may contribute to the improved insulin sensitivity in these cells. © 2013 Published by American Society for Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery on behalf of American Society for Bariatric Surgery.

  11. Effect of Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass on the NLRP3 Inflammasome in Adipose Tissue from Obese Rats.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andreea Oana Mocanu

    Full Text Available Obesity is associated with low-grade chronic inflammation. We hypothesized that Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB surgery would reduce activation of the NLRP3 inflammasome in metabolically active adipose tissue (AT of obese rats, and this change would be related to decreases in body weight and improved glycemic control.Omental, mesenteric and subcutaneous fat depots were collected from Sprague-Dawley rats: Sham control and RYGB; 90-days after surgery. NLRP3, caspase-1, apoptosis-associated speck-like protein (ASC, IL-1β, IL-18, IL-6 and MCP-1 gene and protein expression were quantified. Glucose metabolism was assessed by oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT.Compared to Sham surgery controls, RYGB surgery decreased IL-6, MCP-1, NLRP3, IL-18, caspase-1 and ASC in omental fat, and decreased IL-6, MCP1, IL-1β, IL-18, caspase-1 and ASC gene expression in mesenteric fat. We observed differential gene expression between visceral and subcutaneous fat for IL-6 and IL-1β, both being downregulated by RYGB in visceral, and upregulated in subcutaneous depots. These changes in gene expression were accompanied by a decrease in NLRP3, ASC, IL-18, caspase-1 and IL-1β protein expression in omental tissue. We found a positive correlation between caspase-1, ASC, MCP-1, IL-18 and IL-6 gene expression following surgery and glucose AUC response in omental fat, while the change in glucose AUC response correlated with caspase-1 gene expression in subcutaneous fat.This study demonstrates that bariatric surgery reverses inflammation in visceral adipose tissue by suppressing NLRP3 inflammasome activation. These are the first data to implicate the NLRP3 inflammasome in diabetes remission after RYGB surgery.

  12. Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass Alters Brain Activity in Regions that Underlie Reward and Taste Perception.

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    Panayotis K Thanos

    Full Text Available Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB surgery is a very effective bariatric procedure to achieve significant and sustained weight loss, yet little is known about the procedure's impact on the brain. This study examined the effects of RYGB on the brain's response to the anticipation of highly palatable versus regular food.High fat diet-induced obese rats underwent RYGB or sham operation and were then tested for conditioned place preference (CPP for the bacon-paired chamber, relative to the chow-paired chamber. After CPP, animals were placed in either chamber without the food stimulus, and brain-glucose metabolism (BGluM was measured using positron emission tomography (μPET.Bacon CPP was only observed in RYGB rats that had stable weight loss following surgery. BGluM assessment revealed that RYGB selectively activated regions of the right and midline cerebellum (Lob 8 involved in subjective processes related to reward or expectation. Also, bacon anticipation led to significant activation in the medial parabrachial nuclei (important in gustatory processing and dorsomedial tegmental area (key to reward, motivation, cognition and addiction in RYGB rats; and activation in the retrosplenial cortex (default mode network, and the primary visual cortex in control rats.RYGB alters brain activity in areas involved in reward expectation and sensory (taste processing when anticipating a palatable fatty food. Thus, RYGB may lead to changes in brain activity in regions that process reward and taste-related behaviors. Specific cerebellar regions with altered metabolism following RYGB may help identify novel therapeutic targets for treatment of obesity.

  13. ¿Cambio de paradigma desde el bypass gástrico Roux-en-Y al (mini) bypass gástrico debido a problemas de glucosa?

    OpenAIRE

    Himpens, Jaques

    2014-01-01

    El bypass gástrico Roux-en-Y funciona de la siguiente manera sobre la diabetes mellitus tipo 2: En obesos mórbidos la diabetes tipo2 inicia con la presencia de resistencia a la insulina con un incremento del péptido C, o sea incremento de las necesidades de insulina que los no obesos tienen para mantener el estado euglucemico. Cuando la secreción de insulina es insuficiente, se desarrolla la diabetes. Esta secreción de insulina está modulada por las incretinas y posiblemente por anti-incretin...

  14. Laparoscopic One-Anastomosis Gastric Bypass: Technique, Results, and Long-Term Follow-Up in 1200 Patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carbajo, Miguel A; Luque-de-León, Enrique; Jiménez, José M; Ortiz-de-Solórzano, Javier; Pérez-Miranda, Manuel; Castro-Alija, María J

    2017-05-01

    Excellent results have been reported with mini-gastric bypass. We adopted and modified the one-anastomosis gastric bypass (OAGB) concept. Herein is our approach, results, and long-term follow-up (FU). Initial 1200 patients submitted to laparoscopic OAGB between 2002 and 2008 were analyzed after a 6-12-year FU. Mean age was 43 years (12-74) and body mass index (BMI) 46 kg/m2 (33-86). There were 697 (58 %) without previous or simultaneous abdominal operations, 273 (23 %) with previous, 203 (17 %) with simultaneous, and 27 (2 %) performed as revisions. Mean operating time (min) was as follows: (a) primary procedure, 86 (45-180); (b) with other operations, 112 (95-230); and (c) revisions, 180 (130-240). Intraoperative complications led to 4 (0.3 %) conversions. Complications prompted operations in 16 (1.3 %) and were solved conservatively in 12 (1 %). Long-term complications occurred in 12 (1 %). There were 2 (0.16 %) deaths. Thirty-day and late readmission rates were 0.8 and 1 %. Cumulative FU was 87 and 70 % at 6 and 12 years. The highest mean percent excess weight loss was 88 % (at 2 years), then 77 and 70 %, 6 and 12 years postoperatively. Mean BMI (kg/m2) decreased from 46 to 26.6 and was 28.5 and 29.9 at those time frames. Remission or improvement of comorbidities was achieved in most patients. The quality of life index was satisfactory in all parameters from 6 months onwards. Laparoscopic OAGB is safe and effective. It reduces difficulty, operating time, and early and late complications of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. Long-term weight loss, resolution of comorbidities, and degree of satisfaction are similar to results obtained with more aggressive and complex techniques. It is currently a robust and powerful alternative in bariatric surgery.

  15. Bariatric Revisionary Surgery for Failed or Complicated Vertical Banded Gastroplasty (VBG: Comparison of VBG Reoperation (re-VBG versus Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass-on-VBG (RYGB-on-VBG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stefano Cariani

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Revision of failed bariatric procedures is a significant challenge for bariatric surgeons, because of the increasing number of recurring morbid obesity or complications, especially in patients with a previous Vertical Banded Gastroplasty (VBG. Methods. Since November 1998, 109 patients with failed or complicated VBG were followed in a retrospective study. 49 patients underwent re-VBG and, since 2004, 60 underwent Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass-on-Vertical Banded Gastroplasty (RYGB-on-VBG. Results. At 3 years follow-up, mean BMI decreased from 37.4 to 31.2 Kg/m2 in the first group, and from 35.0 to 28.4 Kg/m2 in the second. Early complications were 7 (14.3% in the first group and 4 (6.5% in the second; late complications were 33 (59.1% and 11 (18.3%, respectively. Conclusion. Although both operations seem to be effective as bariatric revision procedures in terms of BMI, the mid-term outcomes of RYGB-on-VBG demonstrate the lowest rate of complications and better quality of life.

  16. Bariatric Revisionary Surgery for Failed or Complicated Vertical Banded Gastroplasty (VBG): Comparison of VBG Reoperation (re-VBG) versus Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass-on-VBG (RYGB-on-VBG)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cariani, Stefano; Agostinelli, Laura; Leuratti, Luca; Giorgini, Eleonora; Biondi, Pietro; Amenta, Enrico

    2010-01-01

    Background. Revision of failed bariatric procedures is a significant challenge for bariatric surgeons, because of the increasing number of recurring morbid obesity or complications, especially in patients with a previous Vertical Banded Gastroplasty (VBG). Methods. Since November 1998, 109 patients with failed or complicated VBG were followed in a retrospective study. 49 patients underwent re-VBG and, since 2004, 60 underwent Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass-on-Vertical Banded Gastroplasty (RYGB-on-VBG). Results. At 3 years follow-up, mean BMI decreased from 37.4 to 31.2 Kg/m2 in the first group, and from 35.0 to 28.4 Kg/m2 in the second. Early complications were 7 (14.3%) in the first group and 4 (6.5%) in the second; late complications were 33 (59.1%) and 11 (18.3%), respectively. Conclusion. Although both operations seem to be effective as bariatric revision procedures in terms of BMI, the mid-term outcomes of RYGB-on-VBG demonstrate the lowest rate of complications and better quality of life. PMID:20700409

  17. Comparison of marginal ulcer rates between antecolic and retrocolic laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ribeiro-Parenti, Lara; Arapis, Konstantinos; Chosidow, Denis; Marmuse, Jean-Pierre

    2015-02-01

    Marginal ulcer can be a serious complication after laparoscopic gastric bypass surgery. The aim of this study was to compare the rates of marginal ulcer between the antecolic and the retrocolic technique, in a large cohort of patients. Over a near 10-year period, 1,142 patients underwent laparoscopic gastric bypass surgery. The antecolic and the retrocolic technique were used in respectively 572 and 570 consecutive patients. All procedures were performed using a circular stapled gastrojejunostomy. Patients were followed for 18 to 99 months (mean 48.8 months). During follow-up, 46 patients developed a marginal ulcer (4 %), 32 in the antecolic group (5.6 %) and 14 in the retrocolic group (2.5 %). Nineteen patients (3.3 %) in the antecolic group and eight patients in the retrocolic group (1.4 %) developed early marginal ulcer (i.e., within 3 months after surgery). The mean time to onset of anastomotic ulcer symptoms after surgery was 11 months (range 0.25-72). Forty-four patients were submitted to medical treatment, and 35 patients (79.5 %) had complete resolution of their symptoms. Patients with an antecolic Roux limb develop significantly more marginal ulcers (p = 0.007) and early marginal ulcer (p = 0.033) than the patients with a retrocolic Roux limb. The antecolic technique seems to be a risk factor for appearance of marginal ulcer.

  18. Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery is effective in fibroblast growth factor-21 deficient mice

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    Christopher D. Morrison

    2016-10-01

    Conclusions: FGF21 signaling is not a critical single factor for the beneficial metabolic effects of RYGB. This may open up the possibility to use FGF21 as adjuvant therapy in patients with ineffective bariatric surgeries.

  19. Roux-en-Y longitudinal Pancreatico Jejunostomy for Pancreatic Calculi in Children

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    AKM Zahid Hossain

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Background: Pancreatic calculi is distinctly uncommon in children and usually present wit recurrent abdominal pain. Objective: To assess the effectiveness of longitudinal pancreatico-jejunostomy in relieving intractable abdominal pain in children with pancreatic calculi. Methods: this prospective study was conducted from 2003-2009 at Paediatric Surgery Department of BSMMU. Ductal decompression by longitudinal pancreatic jejunostomy (LPJ was done in 14 children (10 male, 4 female suffering from intractable abdominal pain due to pancreatic calculi. The operative outcomes were divided in to satisfactory and unsatisfactory according to whether the patients were completely or almost completely relieved of pain or continued to be troubled by pain. The main outcome measures were pain relief, postoperative morbidity and mortality. Results: There was no mortality and no significant postoperative morbidity. 14 patients were followed up till 2009. The mean follow-up period were 22 (range 8-72 months. Operative results was satisfactory (no pain in 12 patients and unsatisfactory (moderate pain in 2 patients. Complete pain relief was seen 12 patients. Conclusion: Longitudianal pancreatico-jejunostomy is a good operative procedure to relieve intractable abdominal pain in patients with pancreatic calculi. Key words: Pancreatic calculi; Pancreatico-jejunostomy; abdominal pain  DOI: 10.3329/bsmmuj.v3i2.7055BSMMU J 2010; 3(2: 72-75

  20. Association of Bariatric Surgery Using Laparoscopic Banding, Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass, or Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy vs Usual Care Obesity Management With All-Cause Mortality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reges, Orna; Greenland, Philip; Dicker, Dror; Leibowitz, Morton; Hoshen, Moshe; Gofer, Ilan; Rasmussen-Torvik, Laura J; Balicer, Ran D

    2018-01-16

    Bariatric surgery is an effective and safe approach for weight loss and short-term improvement in metabolic disorders such as diabetes. However, studies have been limited in most settings by lack of a nonsurgical group, losses to follow-up, missing data, and small sample sizes in clinical trials and observational studies. To assess the association of 3 common types of bariatric surgery compared with nonsurgical treatment with mortality and other clinical outcomes among obese patients. Retrospective cohort study in a large Israeli integrated health fund covering 54% of Israeli citizens with less than 1% turnover of members annually. Obese adult patients who underwent bariatric surgery between January 1, 2005, and December 31, 2014, were selected and compared with obese nonsurgical patients matched on age, sex, body mass index (BMI), and diabetes, with a final follow-up date of December 31, 2015. A total of 33 540 patients were included in this study. Bariatric surgery (laparoscopic banding, Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, or laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy) or usual care obesity management only (provided by a primary care physician and which may include dietary counseling and behavior modification). The primary outcome, all-cause mortality, matched and adjusted for BMI prior to surgery, age, sex, socioeconomic status, diabetes, hyperlipidemia, hypertension, cardiovascular disease, and smoking. The study population included 8385 patients who underwent bariatric surgery (median age, 46 [IQR, 37-54] years; 5490 [65.5%] women; baseline median BMI, 40.6 [IQR, 38.5-43.7]; laparoscopic banding [n = 3635], gastric bypass [n = 1388], laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy [n = 3362], and 25 155 nonsurgical matched patients (median age, 46 [IQR, 37-54] years; 16 470 [65.5%] women; baseline median BMI, 40.5 [IQR, 37.0-43.5]). The availability of follow-up data was 100% for all-cause mortality. There were 105 deaths (1.3%) among surgical patients during a median follow

  1. [Body weight evolution and classification of body weight in relation to the results of bariatric surgery: roux-en-Y gastric bypass].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Novais, Patrícia Fátima Sousa; Rasera Junior, Irineu; Leite, Celso Vieira de Souza; Oliveira, Maria Rita Marques de

    2010-03-01

    The objective of this study was to assess the evolution and classification of body weight in relation to the results of bariatric surgery in women who underwent the procedure more than two years ago. A total of 141 women underwent banded Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). The participants were divided according to the time elapsed since surgery and the percentage of excess weight lost (%EWL): 75. The women in the group with %EWL 75 (36.2%) ranged from normal to pre-obese and presented lower late weight gain than the women in the other groups. Weight evolution two or more years after surgery showed the expected reductions, with some individuals responding better to surgery than others. This shows that it is necessary to monitor, investigate and intervene to obtain the desired results.

  2. Laparoscopic Linear Stapled Running Enterotomy Closure in Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass Using Absorbable Unidirectional Barbed Suture (Stratafix® 2/0).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gys, Ben; Gys, Tobie; Ruyssers, Michael; Lafullarde, Thierry

    2017-10-01

    Laparoscopic running enterotomy closure for linear stapled Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) may be enhanced by using unidirectional barbed sutures (Stratafix™ 2/0, Ethicon) as it eliminates the need for knot tying and assistance from a third hand. The objective of this paper is to present our technique using unidirectional barbed sutures (Stratafix™ 2/0, Ethicon). After stapling the gastrojejunostomy, we start the closure of the residual enterotomy unidirectional from left to right (single, full-thickness layer) which is cut without a knot. For the jejunojejunostomy, the residual enterotomy is closed perpendicular from top to bottom in order to avoid iatrogenic stricture formation (single, full-thickness layer). No backstitches are performed. We feel strongly that this technique might enhance running enterotomy closure for linear stapled RYGB.

  3. The Use of Gastrostomy Tube for the Long-Term Remission of Hyperinsulinemic Hypoglycemia After Roux-en-y Gastric Bypass

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Craig, CM; Lamendola, C; Holst, Jens Juul

    2015-01-01

    Objective: Hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia is an increasingly reported complication of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery (RYGB), for which there is currently no acceptable treatment. We present a case of the reversal of severe hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia through gastrostomy tube (GT) feeding...... to the remnant stomach and uniquely report the durable resolution of neuroglycopenic symptoms 3 years after GT placement. Methods: The case subject underwent standardized postprandial measurement of plasma glucose, insulin, glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1), glucose-dependent insulinotropic peptide (GIP......), and glucagon concentrations after oral or GT administration of a standardized liquid meal. Results: Hypersecretion of insulin, GLP-1, and glucagon elicited by oral administration of the liquid meal were reversed with GT feeding. GIP was not secreted in excess of normal after the oral meal. Conclusion...

  4. Increased glucose-stimulated FGF21 response to oral glucose in obese non-diabetic subjects after Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vienberg, Sara Gry; Jacobsen, Siv Hesse; Worm, Dorte

    2017-01-01

    fasting plasma FGF21 increased significantly after surgery. Furthermore, FGF21 levels increased significantly at t=90 and t=150 min in response to 50 g glucose, but not after a mixed meal. CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, the observed increase in postprandial plasma FGF21 in response to glucose and the lack...... of FGF21 response to a mixed meal may have important implications for the physiologic role of FGF21. The increase in postprandial FGF21 in response to glucose in the early post-operative period may contribute to the metabolic improvements observed after gastric bypass. This article is protected......OBJECTIVE: The positive metabolic outcome of Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass (RYGB) surgery may involve Fibroblast Growth Factor 21 (FGF21), both in the fasting state and postprandially. We measured the fasting levels of FGF21 before and after bariatric surgery as well as the postprandial FGF21 responses...

  5. The Sleeping Remnant. Effect of Roux-En-Y Gastric Bypass on Plasma Levels of Gastric Biomarkers in Morbidly Obese Women: A Prospective Longitudinal Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marchesi, Federico; Tartamella, Francesco; De Sario, Giuseppina; Forlini, Clarissa; Caleffi, Alberta; Riccò, Matteo; Di Mario, Francesco

    2017-07-01

    Morpho-functional modifications of the gastric remnant after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) have not been completely defined, due to its inaccessibility for bioptic mapping. The aim of the study is to evaluate such modifications using Gastropanel®, a non-invasive blood test cross-checking four gastric biomarkers, able to provide a snapshot of mucosa conditions. Twenty-four women undergoing RYGB were prospectively enrolled. Gastropanel® parameters (pepsinogens, Gastrin-17 and immunoglobulins against Helicobacter pylori), biometrical/clinical data were collected preoperatively and at 6-months follow-up. All parameters showed significant reduction (p < 0.05). Pepsinogen I reduction correlated with BMI percent decrease. The exclusion of food transit is responsible for significant drop in gastric output, hardly representing a risk factor in the remnant carcinogenesis, being unexposed to alimentary carcinogenic agents.

  6. Avaliação da vitalidade fetal e resultados perinatais em gestações após gastroplastia com derivação em Y de Roux Assessment of fetal vitality and perinatal results in pregnancies after gastroplasty with Roux-en-Y gastric bypass

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roseli Mieko Yamamoto Nomura

    2010-01-01

    , mode of delivery, complications during delivery and postpartum, maternal blood exams and perinatal results. RESULTS: During the study period 30 pregnancies after gastroplasty with Roux-en-Y gastric bypass were identified and 24 of them had undergone assessment of fetal vitality. All patients presented normal cardiotocography, normal fetal biophysical profile and normal results at the umbilical artery Doppler velocimetry. One case presented with oligohydramnios. The main complication observed was maternal anemia (Hb < 11.0 g/dL, 86.7%. Cesarean section was performed in 21 pregnancies (70%. Delivery complications included one case of adherences, one hematoma and infection of abdominal wall scar and one postpartum hysterectomy for myoma and uterine atony. The proportion of small infants for gestational age was 23.3%. CONCLUSION: Fetal vitality was not compromised in pregnancies after gastroplasty with Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. The main maternal complication was anemia, therefore these women require specific nutritional counseling and a broad evaluation for micronutrient deficiencies at early pregnancy.

  7. Complications Following the Mini/One Anastomosis Gastric Bypass (MGB/OAGB): a Multi-institutional Survey on 2678 Patients with a Mid-term (5 Years) Follow-up.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Musella, Mario; Susa, Antonio; Manno, Emilio; De Luca, Maurizio; Greco, Francesco; Raffaelli, Marco; Cristiano, Stefano; Milone, Marco; Bianco, Paolo; Vilardi, Antonio; Damiano, Ivana; Segato, Gianni; Pedretti, Laura; Giustacchini, Piero; Fico, Domenico; Veroux, Gastone; Piazza, Luigi

    2017-11-01

    In recent years, several articles have reported considerable results with the Mini/One Anastomosis Gastric Bypass (MGB/OAGB) in terms of both weight loss and resolution of comorbidities. Despite those positive reports, some controversies still limit the widespread acceptance of this procedure. Therefore, a multicenter retrospective study, with the aim to investigate complications following this procedure, has been designed. To report the complications rate following the MGB/OAGB and their management, and to assess the role of this approach in determining eventual complications related especially to the loop reconstruction, in the early and late postoperative periods, the clinical records of 2678 patients who underwent MGB/OAGB between 2006 and 2015 have been studied. Intraoperative and early complications rates were 0.5 and 3.1%, respectively. Follow-up at 5 years was 62.6%. Late complications rate was 10.1%. A statistical correlation was found for perioperative bleeding both with operative time (p < 0.001) or a learning curve of less than 50 cases (p < 0.001). A statistical correlation was found for postoperative duodenal-gastro-esophageal reflux (DGER) with a preexisting gastro-esophageal-reflux disease (GERD) or with a gastric pouch shorter than 9 cm, (p < 0.001 and p = 0.001), respectively. An excessive weight loss correlated with a biliopancreatic limb longer than 250 cm (p < 0.001). Our results confirm MGB/OAGB to be a reliable bariatric procedure. According to other large and long-term published series, MGB/OAGB seems to compare very favorably, in terms of complication rate, with two mainstream procedures as standard Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGBP) and laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG).

  8. Does bilioenteric anastomosis impair results of liver resection in primary intrahepatic lithiasis?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herman, Paulo; Perini, Marcos V; Pugliese, Vincenzo; Pereira, Julio Cesar; Machado, Marcel Autran C; Saad, William A; D'Albuquerque, Luiz A C; Cecconello, Ivan

    2010-07-21

    To evaluate the long-term results of liver resection for the treatment of primary intrahepatic lithiasis. Prognostic factors, especially the impact of bilioenteric anastomosis on recurrence of symptoms were assessed. Forty one patients with intrahepatic stones and parenchyma fibrosis/atrophy and/or biliary stenosis were submitted to liver resection. Resection was associated with a Roux-en-Y hepaticojejunostomy in all patients with bilateral stones and in those with unilateral disease and dilation of the extrahepatic biliary duct (> 2 cm). Late results and risk factors for recurrence of symptoms or stones were evaluated. There was no operative mortality. After a mean follow-up of 50.3 mo, good late results were observed in 82.9% of patients; all patients submitted to liver resection alone and 58.8% of those submitted to liver resection and hepaticojejunostomy were free of symptoms (P = 0.0006). Patients with unilateral and bilateral disease showed good late results in 94.1% and 28.6%, respectively (P < 0.001). Recurrence of symptoms in patients with hepaticojejunostomy showed that this may not be the ideal solution. Further studies are needed to establish the best treatment for patients with bilateral stones or unilateral disease and a dilated extrahepatic duct.

  9. A influência do anel na evolução ponderal após quatro anos da derivação gástrica em y-de-roux laparoscópica Ring influence on ponderal evolution after four years of laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irineu Rasera-Junior

    2012-12-01

    ção do anel ao se analisar exclusivamente a perda de peso.BACKGROUND: Use of ring in Roux-en-Y gastric bypass is still a matter of controversy among bariatric surgeons. There is no consensus on its impact in relation to weight loss and weight maintenance in the long term. AIM: To evaluate the influence of the ring on the evolution of body weight over four years after bariatric surgery. METHODS: Retrospective analyzis of 143 women who underwent laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass paired on the use or not use of Silastic® ring. Follow-up time was 48 months. Inclusion criteria were age over 18 years, primary bariatric operation and regular attendance at the clinic during the period of interest for research. The technique kept small gastric reservoir estimated in a volume of 30 ml. The food limb had in average 150 cm and the bile one 40 cm from the duodenojejunal angle. The group "ring" used Silastic® device with length of 6.5 cm, placed 2 cm from gastrojejunal anastomosis. The ring was closed for five polypropylene surgical thread sutures. In the morning after surgery the patients received isotonic fluids; on the second day salty liquid diet and were discharged on the third day. Semisolid diet started from the 20th day and solid on the 30th, with daily tablet of polivitamins. RESULTS: The weight loss was larger on the ring than without ring groups in all periods, respectively 10% and only 5% in the third postoperative year. The proportion of not having reached the 50% excess weight loss expectative was significantly higher in the group without ring than in the group with the ring (31% and 8% respectively in the fourth year. There was no difference between groups in delayed recovery of weight lost with the operation. CONCLUSIONS: The results were favorable to use the ring exclusively when it is analyzed only the weight loss.

  10. Rectal epithelial cell mitosis and expression of macrophage migration inhibitory factor are increased 3 years after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) for morbid obesity: implications for long-term neoplastic risk following RYGB.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kant, Prashant; Sainsbury, Anita; Reed, Karen R; Pollard, Stephen G; Scott, Nigel; Clarke, Alan R; Coletta, P Louise; Hull, Mark A

    2011-07-01

    Rectal epithelial cell mitosis and crypt size, as well as expression of proinflammatory genes including macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF), are increased 6 months after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) in morbidly obese patients. Tests were carried out to determine whether these putative colorectal cancer risk biomarkers remained elevated long term after RYGB, and the mechanistic basis, as well as the functional consequences, of Mif upregulation in intestinal epithelial cells was investigated. Rectal mucosa and blood were obtained a median of 3 years after RYGB from the original cohort of patients with RYGB (n = 19) for crypt microdissection, real-time PCR, immunohistochemistry for MIF and immunoassay of proinflammatory markers. Immunohistochemistry for Mif and bromodeoxyuridine labelling were performed on AhCre⁺ mouse and Apc(Min/⁺) mouse (with and without functional Mif alleles) intestine, respectively. Rectal epithelial cell mitosis and crypt size remained elevated 3 years after RYGB compared with preoperative values (1.7- and 1.5-fold, respectively; p < 0.05). There was a 40-fold (95% CI 13 to 125) increase in mucosal MIF transcript levels at 3 years associated with increased epithelial cell MIF protein levels. Conditional Apc loss in AhCre⁺ mice led to increased epithelial cell Mif content. Mif deficiency in Apc(Min/⁺) mice was associated with a combined defect in intestinal epithelial cell proliferation and migration, which was reflected by the longitudinal clinical data. Mucosal abnormalities persist 3 years after RYGB and include elevation of the protumorigenic cytokine MIF, which is upregulated following Apc loss and which contributes to intestinal epithelial cell homeostasis. These observations should prompt clinical studies of colorectal neoplastic risk after RYGB.

  11. Italian multicenter experience of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass on vertical banded gastroplasty: four-year results of effective and safe innovative procedure enabling traditional endoscopic and radiographic study of bypassed stomach and biliary tract.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cariani, Stefano; Palandri, Patrizio; Della Valle, Edoardo; Della Valle, Alberto; Di Cosmo, Leonardo; Vassallo, Carlo; Caminiti, Antonio; Amenta, Enrico

    2008-01-01

    Cancer, perforation, and bleeding in the bypassed stomach after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) are rare, but serious, complications that need an early diagnosis. Our goal was to perform gastric bypass such that traditional endoscopic and radiographic study of the gastric remnant would be possible and, at the same time, obtain results in terms of weight loss equivalent to those found after standard RYGB. A previously published study demonstrated that complete occlusion of the gastrogastric outlet was not necessary to lose weight. We have developed an open RYGB-on-vertical banded gastroplasty procedure. Since 2002, 289 patients with a mean age of 40.1 +/- 14.8 years, mean body mass index of 51.4 +/- 7.3 kg/m(2), and mean percentage of excess body weight of 107.3% +/- 36.7% underwent RYGB-on-vertical banded gastroplasty as their primary procedure. The follow-up examinations included radiographic and, if necessary, endoscopic studies at 6 and 12 months postoperatively and annually thereafter. Two cases of anastomotic ulcer were detected, one of which involved band erosion. The percentage of excess weight loss was 48.2% +/- 18.8% after 6 months and 59.0% +/-17.7%, 63.3% +/- 13.9%, 66.9% +/- 17.5%, and 70.0% +/- 17.7% after 1, 2, 3, and 4 years, respectively. The weight loss curve was similar to that for standard RYGB. The results of our study have shown that RYGB-on-vertical banded gastroplasty is as effective as traditional RYGB, while allowing for traditional radiography of the bypassed stomach in every patient. Endoscopy of the distal stomach and, therefore, the biliary tract, was also possible. These are the fundamental aspects of the procedure.

  12. Can a laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass be safely performed by surgical residents in a bariatric center-of-excellence? The learning curve of surgical residents in bariatric surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Rijswijk, Anne-Sophie; Moes, Daan E; Geubbels, Noëlle; Hutten, Barbara A; Acherman, Yair I Z; van de Laar, Arnold W; de Brauw, Maurits; Bruin, Sjoerd C

    2017-09-21

    A learning curve (LC) is a graphic display of the number of consecutive procedures performed necessary to reach competence and is defined by complications and duration of surgery (DOS). There is little evidence on the LC of surgical residents in bariatric surgery. Aim of the study is to evaluate whether the laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) can be safely performed by surgical residents, to evaluate the LC of surgical residents for LRYGB and to assess whether surgical residents fit in the LC of the bariatric center which has been established by their proctors. Records of all 3389 consecutive primary LRYGB patients, operated between December 2007 and January 2016 in a bariatric center-of-excellence in Amsterdam, were reviewed. Differences in DOS were assessed by means of a linear regression model. Differences in complications (classified as Clavien-Dindo ≥ 2) were evaluated with the χ 2 or the Fisher exact test. Cases were clustered in groups of 70 for comparison and reported for residents with ≥70 cases as primary surgeon. Four surgeons (S1-4) and three residents (R1-3) performed 2690 (88.2%) and 361 (11.8%) of 3051 LRYGBs, respectively. Median (IQR) DOS was 52.0 (42.0-65.0) min for S1-4 versus 53.0 (46.0-63.0) min for R1-3 (p = 0.52). The LC of R1-3 in their first 70 cases (n = 210) differs significantly from the individual (n = 70) LCs of surgeon 1, 2, and 3, with remarkably shorter DOS for the residents (adjusted p bariatric surgeons. Surgical residents benefit from the experience of their proctors and they fit faultlessly in the LC of the surgical team, as set out by their proctors in a large bariatric center-of-excellence.

  13. Three-year results of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass-on-vertical banded gastroplasty: an effective and safe procedure which enables endoscopy and X-ray study of the stomach and biliary tract.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cariani, Stefano; Amenta, Enrico

    2007-10-01

    Cancer, perforation and bleeding in the bypassed stomach after RYGBP are rare but serious complications that require early diagnosis. Our goal was to perform a Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGBP) whereby the traditional endoscopic and x-ray study of the bypassed stomach was possible, and at the same time obtain a good weight loss, similar to the standard RYGBP. We developed the RYGBP-on-Vertical banded gastroplasty (RYGBP on VBG), where a Goretex band surrounds the gastro-gastric outlet. From June 2002 to September 2005, 128 patients, 94 female and 34 male, with age 50.5 +/- 14.8 SD years, BMI 51.6 +/- 7.2 SD kg/m2, and %EW 117.9 +/- 33.5 SD underwent RYGBP on VBG via an open approach. Radiological and, if necessary, endoscopic study has been carried out at 6 months, 1 year and then annually postoperatively. Two cases of anastomotic ulcer were detected, but no case of infection of the prosthetic material was found. Preoperative BMI fell from 51.6 +/- 7.2 to 38.1 +/- 6.6 after 6 months, to 35.0 +/- 7.1 after 1 year, to 34.4 +/- 6.1 after 2 years, and to 33.2 +/- 5.5 after 3 years. RYGBP on VBG was effective; the weight loss curve, compared to standard RYGBP, is similar, while allowing the traditional x-ray and endoscopy of the bypassed stomach and thus the biliary tract.

  14. [Comparison of two types of digestive tract reconstruction after total gastrectomy in patients with gastric carcinoma].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Ying-bo; Li, Yuan-fang; Feng, Xing-yu; Zhou, Zhi-wei; Zhan, You-qing; Li, Wei; Sun, Xiao-wei; Xu, Da-zhi; Guan, Yuan-xiang

    2011-02-01

    To evaluate the influence of two different types of digestive tract reconstruction on the life quality, nutritional status and tolerance to adjuvant chemotherapy after total gastrectomy in patients with gastric carcinoma. The clinical data of a total of 107 patients treated in our department from January 2005 to december 2008 were analyzed retrospectively. Among them, 49 patients underwent digestive tract reconstruction with functional jejunal interposition (FJI group) and 58 patients underwent Roux en-Y jejunal P-type anastomosis (PR group) after total gastrectomy. 79 of 107 (73.8%) patients received postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy with XELOX regimen. The digestive complications and tolerance to chemotherapy were assessed respectively. Neither severe complications nor surgery-related or chemotherapy-related death were observed among the 107 patients. There were statistical differences in the incidence rate of emaciation, dumping syndrome and retention syndrome between the FJI and PR groups (P esophagitis (P > 0.05). 28 of 40 (70.0%) patients in the FJI group completed all six cycles of chemotherapy, while 12 (30.0%) patients interrupted the treatment due to chemotherapy-related toxicity. 39 patients in the PR group received chemotherapy, 19 (48.7%) of them completed 6 cycles of chemotherapy but 20 (51.3%) patients interrupted. There was a significant difference in the incidence rate of grade III/IV chemotherapeutic toxicity and completion rate of chemotherapy (P < 0.05). Both functional jejunal interposition and Roux-Y operation are reasonable and safe procedures of digestive tract reconstruction. The incidence rates of emaciation, dumping syndrome and retention syndrome are lower in the patients with FJI, showing a better tolerance to adjuvant chemotherapy than Roux en-Y jejunal p type anastomosis.

  15. Risk of Dumping Syndrome after Sleeve Gastrectomy and Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass: Early Results of a Multicentre Prospective Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramadan, M; Loureiro, M; Laughlan, K; Caiazzo, R; Iannelli, A; Brunaud, L; Czernichow, S; Nedelcu, M; Nocca, D

    2016-01-01

    Background. Bariatric surgery is an important field of surgery. An important complication of bariatric surgery is dumping syndrome (DS). Aims. To evaluate the incidence of DS in patients undergoing bariatric surgery. Methods. 541 patients included from 5 nutrition and bariatric centers in France underwent either LSG or LRYGB. They were evaluated at 1 month (M1) and 6 months (M6) postoperatively by an interview and completion of a dumping syndrome questionnaire. Results. 268 patients underwent LSG (Group A) and 273 underwent LRYGB. From the LRYGB patients 229 had mechanical gastrojejunoanal anastomosis with 30 mm linear stapler (Group B) and 44 had manual (hand sewn) 15 mm gastrojejunal anastomosis (Group C). Overall incidence of DS was 8.5% at M1 and M6. In LSG group (Group A), only 4 patients (1.49%) reported episodes of DS at M1 and 3 (1.12%) at M6. In Group B, 41 patients (17.90%) reported episodes of DS at M1 and 43 (18.78%) at M6. Group C experienced one case (2.27%) of DS at M1 and none (0%) at M6. Conclusions. Patients undergoing LRYGB, especially with larger gastrojejunal anastomosis, are more prone to developing DS following surgery than patients undergoing LSG or LRYGB with calibrated manual anastomosis.

  16. Extending the reach of stapled anastomosis with a prepared OrVil™ device in laparoscopic oesophageal and gastric cancer surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salih, Abdelmonim E A; Bass, Gary A; D'Cruz, Yvonne; Brennan, Robert P; Smolarek, Sebastian; Arumugasamy, Mayilone; Walsh, Thomas N

    2015-04-01

    The introduction of minimally invasive surgery and the use of laparoscopic techniques have significantly improved patient outcomes and have offered a new range of options for the restoration of intestinal continuity. Various reconstruction techniques have been described and various devices employed but none has been established as superior. This study evaluates our experience with, and modifications of, the orally inserted anvil (OrVil™). We conducted a prospective observational study on 72 consecutive patients who underwent OrVil™-assisted oesophago-gastric or oesophago-jejunal anastomosis between September 2010 and September 2013. We collected data including patient demographics, disease site, type of procedure, location of the anastomosis, involvement of resection margins and peri-operative complications. Seventy-two patients were included in the study. Patient ages ranged from 45 to 92 years (median ± SD = 69 ± 10 years). Total gastrectomy with Roux-en-Y anastomosis was the most-commonly performed procedure (n = 41; 57 %). R 0 resection was achieved in 67 patients (93 %). There were no Orvil™-related clinical leaks during the study period, and just two patients (2.8 %) demonstrated radiological evidence of leak, both of whom were managed conservatively. There were three in-hospital mortalities during the study period; these were unrelated to the anastomotic technique. Despite a steep learning curve, the OrVil™ device is safe and reliable. It also permits the creation of higher trans-hiatal anastomoses without resorting to thoracotomy in high-risk patients with cardia tumours. Certain shortcomings of the device, that had implications for patient safety, were identified and addressed by intra-operative modification during the study period. We commend the use of a prepared OrVil™ device, as a game changer, for upper gastrointestinal reconstruction.

  17. Open versus laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass: a comparative study of over 25,000 open cases and the major laparoscopic bariatric reported series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Kenneth B; Afram, Joseph D; Benotti, Peter N; Capella, Rafael F; Cooper, C Gary; Flanagan, Latham; Hendrick, Steven; Howell, L Michael; Jaroch, Mark T; Kole, Kerry; Lirio, Oscar C; Sapala, James A; Schuhknecht, Michael P; Shapiro, Robert P; Sweet, William A; Wood, Michael H

    2006-06-01

    Laparoscopic bariatric surgery has experienced a rapid expansion of interest over the past 5 years, with a 470% increase. This rapid expansion has markedly increased overall cost, reducing surgical access. Many surgeons believe that the traditional open approach is a cheaper, safer, equally effective alternative. 16 highly experienced "open" bariatric surgeons with a combined total of 25,759 cases representing >200 surgeon years of experience, pooled their open Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (ORYGBP) data, and compared their results to the leading laparoscopic (LRYGBP) papers in the literature. In the overall series, the incisional hernia rate was 6.4% using the standard midline incision. Utilizing the left subcostal incision (LSI), it was only 0.3%. Return to surgery in <30 days was 0.7%, deaths 0.25%, and leaks 0.4%. Average length of stay was 3.4 days, and return to usual activity 21 days. Small bowel obstruction was significantly higher with the LRYGBP. Surgical equipment costs averaged approximately $3,000 less for "open" cases. LRYGBP had an added expense for longer operative time. This more than made up for the shorter length of stay with the laparoscopic approach. The higher cost, higher leak rate, higher rate of small bowel obstruction, and similar long-term weight loss results make the "open" RYGBP our preferred operation. If the incision is taken out of the equation (i.e. use of the LSI), the significant advantages of the open technique become even more obvious.

  18. Longitudinal assessment of food intake, fecal energy loss, and energy expenditure after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery in high-fat-fed obese rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shin, Andrew C; Zheng, Huiyuan; Townsend, R Leigh; Patterson, Laurel M; Holmes, Gregory M; Berthoud, Hans-Rudolf

    2013-04-01

    The efficacy of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery to produce weight loss has been well-documented, but few studies have measured the key components of energy balance, food intake, and energy expenditure longitudinally. Male Sprague-Dawley rats on a high-fat diet underwent either RYGB, sham operation, or pair feeding and were compared to chow-fed lean controls. Body weight and composition, food intake and preference, energy expenditure, fecal output, and gastric emptying were monitored before and up to 4 months after intervention. Despite the recovery of initially decreased food intake to levels slightly higher than before surgery and comparable to sham-operated rats after about 1 month, RYGB rats maintained a lower level of body weight and fat mass for 4 months that was not different from chow-fed age-matched controls. Energy expenditure corrected for lean body mass at 1 and 4 months after RYGB was not different from presurgical levels and from all other groups. Fecal energy loss was significantly increased at 6 and 16 weeks after RYGB compared to sham operation, and there was a progressive decrease in fat preference after RYGB. In this rat model of RYGB, sustained weight loss is achieved by a combination of initial hypophagia and sustained increases in fecal energy loss, without change in energy expenditure per lean mass. A shift away from high-fat towards low-fat/high-carbohydrate food preference occurring in parallel suggests long-term adaptive mechanisms related to fat absorption.

  19. Relationship between the Nutritional Status of Vitamin A per Trimester of Pregnancy with Maternal Anthropometry and Anemia after Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cruz, Sabrina; Matos, Andréa; da Cruz, Suelem Pereira; Pereira, Silvia; Saboya, Carlos; Ramalho, Andréa

    2017-09-08

    The aim of this study was to compare the nutritional status of vitamin A per trimester of pregnancy, as well as to assess its influence on pre-pregnancy BMI, total gestational weight gain (TGWG) and presence of anemia in women who had previously undergone Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). An analytical, longitudinal and retrospective study comprising 30 pregnant women who had previously undergone RYGB was undertaken. In all trimesters of pregnancy, the serum concentrations of retinol, β-carotene, stages of vitamin A deficiency (VAD), night blindness (NB), anemia and anthropometric variables were assessed. VAD in pregnancy affected 90% of women, 86.7% developed NB and 82.8% had mild VAD. TGWG above/below the recommended range was related to the low serum concentrations of β-carotene (p = 0.045) in the second trimester and women with TGWG above the recommended range showed 100% of inadequacy of this nutrient in the third trimester. Among the pregnant women with anemia, 90.9% had VAD and 86.4% had NB. This study highlights the importance of monitoring the nutritional status of vitamin A in prenatal care, due to its relationship with TGWG and the high percentage of VAD and NB found since the beginning of pregnancy. It also reaffirms the use of the cut-off <1.05 μmol/L for determining VAD.

  20. Impact of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery on appetite, alcohol intake behaviors, and midbrain ghrelin signaling in the rat.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sirohi, Sunil; Richardson, Ben D; Lugo, Janelle M; Rossi, David J; Davis, Jon F

    2017-07-01

    Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery reduces appetite and stimulates new onset alcohol misuse; however, the genesis of these behavioral changes is unclear. This study is hypothesized that new onset alcohol intake is a behavioral adaptation that occurs secondary to reduced appetite and correlates with altered central ghrelin signaling. Hedonic high-fat diet (HFD) intake was evaluated prior to the assessment of alcohol intake behaviors in RYGB and control rats. Measurements were also taken of circulating ghrelin and ghrelin receptor (GHSR) regulation of neuronal firing in ventral tegmental area (VTA) dopamine (DA) neurons. RYGB rats displayed reduced HFD intake relative to controls. Sham and RYGB rats consumed more alcohol and preferred lower concentrations of alcohol, whereas only RYGB rats escalated alcohol intake during acute withdrawal. Remarkably, GHSR activity, independent of peripheral ghrelin release, set the tonic firing of VTA DA neurons, a response selectively diminished in RYGB rats. This study indicates that gut manipulations lead to increased alcohol intake, whereas RYGB promotes behaviors that may maintain alcohol misuse. Reductions in hedonic feeding and diminished GHSR control of VTA firing further distinguish gut manipulation from complete bypass and present a potential mechanism linking reduced appetite with alcohol misuse after RYGB surgery. © 2017 The Obesity Society.

  1. Effects of Sleeve Gastrectomy vs. Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass on Eating Behavior and Sweet Taste Perception in Subjects with Obesity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katie Nance

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available The goal of this study was to test the hypothesis that weight loss induced by Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB has greater effects on taste perception and eating behavior than comparable weight loss induced by sleeve gastrectomy (SG. We evaluated the following outcomes in 31 subjects both before and after ~20% weight loss induced by RYGB (n = 23 or SG (n = 8: (1 sweet, savory, and salty taste sensitivity; (2 the most preferred concentrations of sucrose and monosodium glutamate; (3 sweetness palatability, by using validated sensory testing techniques; and (4 eating behavior, by using the Food Craving Inventory and the Dutch Eating Behavior Questionnaire. We found that neither RYGB nor SG affected sweetness or saltiness sensitivity. However, weight loss induced by either RYGB or SG caused the same decrease in: (1 frequency of cravings for foods; (2 influence of emotions and external food cues on eating behavior; and (3 shifted sweetness palatability from pleasant to unpleasant when repetitively tasting sucrose (all p-values ≤ 0.01. Therefore, when matched on weight loss, SG and RYGB cause the same beneficial effects on key factors involved in the regulation of eating behavior and hedonic component of taste perception.

  2. Effect of Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass Surgery on Obstructive Sleep Apnea in a Chinese Population with Obesity and T2DM.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zou, Jianyin; Zhang, Pin; Yu, Haoyong; Di, Jianzhong; Han, Xiaodong; Yin, Shankai; Yi, Hongliang

    2015-08-01

    Bariatric surgery has been reported to be an effective treatment for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). However, this evidence was not enough for different populations. Thus, we conducted a follow-up study to evaluate the effect of bariatric surgery on OSA in a Chinese population with obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). From May 2011 to March 2014, 72 consecutive subjects with obesity and T2DM were recruited for this study. Before and at least 6 months after the laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LYGB) surgery, all subjects were asked to undergo a polysomnography test. During the sleep center visit, anthropometric characteristic data, blood samples, and sleep questionnaires were collected. In total, 44 Chinese participants with OSA were included in the study. Compared with baseline data, the postoperative anthropometric characteristics, blood measurements, and sleep recording data, such as weight, apnea hypopnea index (AHI), and insulin resistance index, differed significantly (p obesity and T2DM, and the preoperative AHI and age might be important factors that influence the effort of LYGB.

  3. Gut microbiota after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass and sleeve gastrectomy in a diabetic rat model: Increased diversity and associations of discriminant genera with metabolic changes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guo, Yan; Liu, Chao-Qian; Shan, Cheng-Xiang; Chen, Yue; Li, Hui-Hua; Huang, Zhi-Ping; Zou, Da-Jin

    2017-03-01

    Recent work with gut microbiota after bariatric surgery is limited, and the results have not been in agreement. Given the role of the gut microbiota in regulating host metabolism, we explored the effect of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and sleeve gastrectomy (SG) on the modifications of gut microbiota with regard to the potential influence of food intake and/or weight loss and examined their links with host metabolism. Zucker diabetic fatty rats were divided into the following groups: RYGB; sham-operated with pair-fed as RYGB; sham-operated fed ad libitum; and SG. The metabolic effects and gut microbiota profile were analyzed 10 weeks postoperatively. Associations between discriminating genera and metabolic markers after RYGB were explored. The 2 procedures induced similar glucose improvement and increased flora diversity after 10 weeks compared with sham-operated groups. RYGB induced a marked higher relative abundance of Proteobacteria/Gammaproteobacteria and Betaproteobacteria and increased emergence of Fusobacteria and Clostridium, whereas SG resulted in more abundant Actinobacteria compared with other groups. Most of the 12 discriminant genera correlated with changes in metabolic phenotype, but only 28.6% of these correlations were independent of weight, and 4 discriminant genera still negatively correlated with serum insulin level independent of food intake and weight loss after RYGB. These data demonstrate that RYGB and SG surgery produced similar diversity but different microbiota compositions changes in Zucker diabetic fatty rats. These findings stimulate deeper explorations of functions of the discriminate microbiota and the mechanisms linking postsurgical modulation of gut microbiota and improvements in insulin resistance. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  4. Remodeling of the Residual Gastric Mucosa after Roux-En-Y Gastric Bypass or Vertical Sleeve Gastrectomy in Diet-Induced Obese Rats

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gillard, Laura; Cluzeaud, Françoise; Lettéron, Philippe; Ducroc, Robert; Le Beyec, Johanne; Hourseau, Muriel; Couvelard, Anne; Marmuse, Jean-Pierre; Le Gall, Maude; Bado, André

    2015-01-01

    Whereas the remodeling of intestinal mucosa after bariatric surgeries has been the matter of numerous studies to our knowledge, very few reported on the remodeling of the residual gastric mucosa. In this study, we analyzed remodeling of gastric mucosa after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and vertical sleeve gastrectomy (VSG) in rats. Diet-induced obese rats were subjected to RYGB, VSG or sham surgical procedures. All animals were assessed for food intake, body-weight, fasting blood, metabolites and hormones profiling, as well as insulin and glucose tolerance tests before and up to 5 weeks post-surgery. Remodeling of gastric tissues was analyzed by routine histology and immunohistochemistry studies, and qRT-PCR analyses of ghrelin and gastrin mRNA levels. In obese rats with impaired glucose tolerance, VSG and RYGB caused substantial weight loss and rats greatly improved their oral glucose tolerance. The remaining gastric mucosa after VSG and gastric pouch (GP) after RYGB revealed a hyperplasia of the mucous neck cells that displayed a strong immunoreactivity for parietal cell H+/K+-ATPase. Ghrelin mRNA levels were reduced by 2-fold in remaining fundic mucosa after VSG and 10-fold in GP after RYGB. In the antrum, gastrin mRNA levels were reduced after VSG in line with the reduced number of gastrin positive cells. This study reports novel and important observations dealing with the remaining gastric mucosa after RYGB and VSG. The data demonstrate, for the first time, a hyperplasia of the mucous neck cells, a transit cell population of the stomach bearing differentiating capacities into zymogenic and peptic cells. PMID:25822172

  5. Peripheral, but not central, GLP-1 receptor signaling is required for improvement in glucose tolerance after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass in mice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carmody, Jill S; Muñoz, Rodrigo; Yin, Huali; Kaplan, Lee M

    2016-05-15

    Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) causes profound weight loss and remission of diabetes by influencing metabolic physiology, yet the mechanisms behind these clinical improvements remain undefined. After RYGB, levels of glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1), a hormone that enhances insulin secretion and promotes satiation, are substantially elevated. Because GLP-1 signals in both the periphery and the brain to influence energy balance and glucose regulation, we aimed to determine the relative requirements of these systems to weight loss and improved glucose tolerance following RYGB surgery in mice. By pharmacologically blocking peripheral or central GLP-1R signaling, we examined whether GLP-1 action is necessary for the metabolic improvements observed after RYGB. Diet-induced obese mice underwent RYGB or sham operation and were implanted with osmotic pumps delivering the GLP-1R antagonist exendin-(9-39) (2 pmol·kg(-1)·min(-1) peripherally; 0.5 pmol·kg(-1)·min(-1) centrally) for up to 10 wk. Blockade of peripheral GLP-1R signaling partially reversed the improvement in glucose tolerance after RYGB. In contrast, fasting glucose and insulin sensitivity, as well as body weight, were unaffected by GLP-1R antagonism. Central GLP-1R signaling did not appear to be required for any of the metabolic improvements seen after this operation. Collectively, these results suggest a detectable but only modest role for GLP-1 in mediating the effects of RYGB and that this role is limited to its well-described action on glucose regulation. Copyright © 2016 the American Physiological Society.

  6. Influence of Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass on the Nutritional Status of Vitamin A in Pregnant Women: a Comparative Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Machado, Suzana N; Pereira, Silvia; Saboya, Carlos; Saunders, Cláudia; Ramalho, Andréa

    2016-01-01

    The objective of the present study is to evaluate the nutritional status of vitamin A through biochemical and functional indicators of pregnant women who underwent Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery compared to pregnant women who did not undergo this surgery. The present study is a cross-sectional study of the analytical type with pregnant women paired by age and prepregnancy body mass index (BMI). Group 1 (G1) comprised 80 pregnant women without previous submission to RYGB and group 2 (G2) by 40 pregnant women who previously underwent this surgery. We used high-performance liquid chromatography with UV detector for quantification of retinol and β-carotene, and the functional evaluation of vitamin A deficiency (VAD) was performed through standardized interview validated for pregnant women. G1 mean age was 29.3 ± 5.3 and 30.8 ± 4.4 in G2. BMI mean prepregnancy found in G1 was 25.7 ± 3.2 and 26.8 ± 3.1 in G2, featuring overweight. Serum retinol and β-carotene means were significantly higher in G1 (1.8 ± 0.9; 87.4 ± 62.2) compared to G2 (0.99 ± 0.39; 22.7 ± 18.0), respectively (p supplementation of vitamin A to pregnant women undergoing RYGB.

  7. One versus two-step Roux-en-Y gastric bypass after gastric banding—data analysis of the German Bariatric Surgery Registry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stroh, Christine; Weiner, R; Wolff, S; Lerche, C; Knoll, C; Keller, Th; Bruns, C; Manger, Th

    2015-05-01

    Bariatric surgery outcomes have been examined in Germany since January 1, 2005. All data were registered prospectively in cooperation with the Institute of Quality Assurance in Surgery at the Otto-von-Guericke University Magdeburg. The data were collected from an online data bank. Data collection began in 2005 for gastric banding (GB) and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) results. In addition to primary bariatric operations, data regarding the complications of revision procedures and redo operations were analyzed. Participation in the quality assurance study was required for all certified centers in Germany. RYGBs are a popular redo operation after failed gastric banding. In the German Bariatric Surgery Registry (GBSR), we analyzed data from 263 RYGB operations that used a one-step approach after GB and 116 operations that used a two-step approach. The leakage rates for primary RYGB decreased to 1.8%. The incidence of leakage after a one-step RYGB after GB was lower (1.9%) than after the two-step procedure (2.6%). RYGBs are popular procedures after failed GB in Germany. The multivariable analysis for overall intraoperative complications revealed a significant difference between the two-step and the one-step procedure. In an unadjusted and multivariate assessment, the one-step procedure had statistically lower general postoperative complications than the two-step approach. Therefore, we suggest performing band removal and RYGB as a one-step procedure. Further analysis is necessary to evaluate the risk factors for the one-step procedure. Follow-up investigations must be performed to determine whether RYGB is an effective and safe option after GB.

  8. Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass Surgery Suppresses Hepatic Gluconeogenesis and Increases Intestinal Gluconeogenesis in a T2DM Rat Model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yan, Yong; Zhou, Zhou; Kong, Fanzhi; Feng, Suibin; Li, Xuzhong; Sha, Yanhua; Zhang, Guangjun; Liu, Haijun; Zhang, Haiqing; Wang, Shiguang; Hu, Cheng; Zhang, Xueli

    2016-11-01

    Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is an effective surgical treatment for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The present study aimed to investigate the effects of RYGB on glucose homeostasis, lipid metabolism, and intestinal morphological adaption, as well as hepatic and intestinal gluconeogenesis. Twenty adult male T2DM rats induced by high-fat diet and low dose of streptozotocin were randomly divided into sham and RYGB groups. The parameters of body weight, food intake, glucose tolerance, insulin sensitivity, and serum lipid profiles were assessed to evaluate metabolic changes. Intestinal sections were stained with hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) for light microscopy examination. The messenger RNA (mRNA) and protein expression levels of key regulatory enzymes of gluconeogenesis [phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (PEPCK), glucose-6-phosphatase (G6Pase)] were determined through reverse-transcription PCR (RT-PCR) and Western blotting, respectively. RYGB induced significant improvements in glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity, along with weight loss and decreased food intake. RYGB also decreased serum triglyceride (TG) and free fatty acid (FFA) levels. The jejunum and ileum exhibited a marked increase in the length and number of intestinal villi after RYGB. The RYGB group exhibited downregulated mRNA and protein expression levels of PEPCK and G6Pase in the liver and upregulated expression of these enzymes in the jejunum and ileum tissues. RYGB ameliorates glucose and lipid metabolism accompanied by weight loss and calorie restriction. The small intestine shows hyperplasia and hypertrophy after RYGB. Meanwhile, our study demonstrated that the reduced hepatic gluconeogenesis and increased intestinal gluconeogenesis may contribute to improved glucose homeostasis after RYGB.

  9. Subjective and objective physical activity patterns after Roux-en Y gastric bypass surgery compared with non-operated obese and non-obese control women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilms, Britta; Ernst, Barbara; Thurnheer, Martin; Schultes, Bernd

    2016-01-01

    Previous studies on physical activity after bariatric surgery provided inconsistent results. The aim of our study was to comprehensively assess physical activity by subjective (questionnaires) and objective (accelerometry) measures in women who had undergone Roux-en Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery and to compare results with those of women displaying grade II or higher obesity and of non-obese control women. Our cross-sectional case-control study included 12 women in each group (RYGB, obese, non-obese). Wrist accelerometry was performed over 5 days. Two questionnaires were used to assess women's self-reported leisure- and work-time and sport-related physical activity. Accelerometry indicated a lower physical activity in RYGB women than in non-obese women in particular during the weekend (p=0.010), while there was no difference between RYGB and obese women (p=0.57). Questionnaires revealed that RYGB women self-report a greater leisure- and work-time physical activity than obese women and also greater work-related physical activity than non-obese women (all p≤0.032). In contrast, sport-related activities were reduced in RYGB as compared with non-obese women (p=0.011), while there was no difference between RYGB and obese women (p=0.51). Comparison of the obese and non-obese group revealed less leisure-time and sport-related activities in the obese women (both p≤0.002). Despite the preliminary character of our rather small study, data suggest a differential physical activity pattern in women who have previously undergone RYGB surgery that is characterized by rare sport activities, an increased subjective work-related physical activity and objectively reduced physical activity during the weekend as compared with non-obese control women. Copyright © 2015 Asia Oceania Association for the Study of Obesity. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  10. Remodeling of the residual gastric mucosa after roux-en-y gastric bypass or vertical sleeve gastrectomy in diet-induced obese rats.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Konstantinos Arapis

    Full Text Available Whereas the remodeling of intestinal mucosa after bariatric surgeries has been the matter of numerous studies to our knowledge, very few reported on the remodeling of the residual gastric mucosa. In this study, we analyzed remodeling of gastric mucosa after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB and vertical sleeve gastrectomy (VSG in rats. Diet-induced obese rats were subjected to RYGB, VSG or sham surgical procedures. All animals were assessed for food intake, body-weight, fasting blood, metabolites and hormones profiling, as well as insulin and glucose tolerance tests before and up to 5 weeks post-surgery. Remodeling of gastric tissues was analyzed by routine histology and immunohistochemistry studies, and qRT-PCR analyses of ghrelin and gastrin mRNA levels. In obese rats with impaired glucose tolerance, VSG and RYGB caused substantial weight loss and rats greatly improved their oral glucose tolerance. The remaining gastric mucosa after VSG and gastric pouch (GP after RYGB revealed a hyperplasia of the mucous neck cells that displayed a strong immunoreactivity for parietal cell H+/K+-ATPase. Ghrelin mRNA levels were reduced by 2-fold in remaining fundic mucosa after VSG and 10-fold in GP after RYGB. In the antrum, gastrin mRNA levels were reduced after VSG in line with the reduced number of gastrin positive cells. This study reports novel and important observations dealing with the remaining gastric mucosa after RYGB and VSG. The data demonstrate, for the first time, a hyperplasia of the mucous neck cells, a transit cell population of the stomach bearing differentiating capacities into zymogenic and peptic cells.

  11. Duodenum inclusion in alimentary transit for preventing or correcting nutritional deficiencies resulting from Roux-en-y gastric bypass in obesity treatment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ceneviva, Reginaldo

    2016-01-01

    Nutritional and metabolic complications can develop after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) when there is an exaggerated response to the anatomical and functional changes or when there is inadequate nutritional supplementation. Severe malnutrition is rare, but deficiencies of vitamin B12, iron, calcium and thiamin, metabolic bone disease and gallstones are common after RYGB. Shortage of vitamin B12, iron, calcium and also cholelithiasis are caused at least partially by excluding the duodenum and proximal jejunum from food transit. We designed a new procedure, with the maintenance of the duodenum and proximal jejunum in the gastrointestinal transit through interposition of jejunal loop, as a primary operation to prevent such deficiencies or as corrective surgery for severe malnutrition after RYGB with failure in responding to conservative treatment. Complicações nutricionais e metabólicas podem se desenvolver após a derivação gástrica em Y de Roux (DGYR) quando há uma resposta exagerada às mudanças anatômicas e funcionais ou quando há suplementação nutricional inadequada. A desnutrição grave é rara, mas deficiências de vitamina B12, ferro, cálcio e tiamina, doença óssea metabólica e cálculos biliares são comuns após a DGYR. Dessas deficiências mencionadas, a de vitamina B12, de ferro, de cálcio e também a colelitíase, são causadas, ao menos parcialmente, pela exclusão do duodeno e jejuno proximal. Um novo procedimento com a manutenção do duodeno e do jejuno proximal no trânsito gastrointestinal, mediante interposição de alça jejunal, foi idealizado como operação primária para prevenir essas deficiências ou como cirurgia corretiva de desnutrição grave após DGYR com falha na resposta a exaustivas tentativas de tratamento conservador.

  12. A Simpler Method for Predicting Weight Loss in the First Year after Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass

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    John P. Sczepaniak

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Factors postulated to predict weight loss after gastric bypass surgery, include race, age, gender, technique, height, and initial weight. This paper contained 1551 gastric bypass patients (85.9% female. Operations were performed by one surgeon (MLO at community hospitals in Southern California from 1989 to 2008 with 314 being laparoscopic and 1237 open. We created the following equation: In[percent weight] =2−, where was the time after operation (days and and are constants. Analysis was completed on R-software. The model fits with 2 value 0.93 and gives patients a realistic mean target weight with a confidence interval of 95% for the first year. Conclusion. We created a curve predicting weight loss after surgery as a percentage of initial weight. Initial weight was the single most important predictor of weight loss after surgery. Other recorded variables accounted for less than 1% of variability. Unknown factors account for the remaining 6-7%.

  13. Altered promoter methylation of PDK4, IL1 B, IL6, and TNF after Roux-en Y gastric bypass

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kirchner, Henriette; Nylen, Carolina; Laber, Samantha

    2014-01-01

    -α (TNF) is altered in blood after a very low calorie diet (VLCD) or RYGB. Methods Obese nondiabetic patients (n = 18, body mass index [BMI] 42.3± 4.9 kg/m2) underwent a 14-day VLCD followed by RYGB. Nonobese patients (n = 6, BMI 25.7± 2.1 kg/m2) undergoing elective cholecystectomy served as controls. DNA...... decreased promoter methylation of PPARGC1 A. Methylation of PPARGC1 A, TFAM, IL1 B, IL6, and TNF promoters was changed two days after RYGB. Similar changes were also seen on day one after cholecystectomy. Moreover, methylation increased in PDK4, IL1 B, IL6, and TNF promoters 12 months after RYGB. Conclusion...

  14. Long-term results of a randomized clinical trial comparing Roux-en-Y gastric bypass with vertical banded gastroplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Werling, M; Fändriks, L; Björklund, P; Maleckas, A; Brandberg, J; Lönroth, H; le Roux, C W; Olbers, T

    2013-01-01

    The long-term results of Roux-en-$\\hbox{Y}$ gastric bypass (gastric bypass) and vertical banded gastroplasty (VBG) from randomized studies have not been described in detail. Patients were randomized to gastric bypass or VBG. Body mass index (BMI), body composition, eating habits and gastrointestinal hormones were reviewed after 6 years. The frequency of reoperation was assessed up to 10 years after surgery. Sixty-six (80 per cent) of the 82 subjects randomized were assessed for weight and BMI 6 years after surgery, 30 (81 per cent) in the gastric bypass group and 36 (80 per cent) in the VBG group. Intention-to-treat analysis demonstrated greater weight loss after gastric bypass compared with VBG, 6 years after surgery: BMI reduced from 41·8 (95 per cent confidence interval 41·3 to 42·3) to 30·3 (28·6 to 32·0) kg/m(2) for gastric bypass and from 42·3 (42·8 to 44·8) to 32·9 (31·3 to 34·5) kg/m(2) for VBG (P = 0·036). Gastric bypass caused a larger loss of fat mass (P = 0·026) and better preservation of lean tissue (P = 0·009). Patients having a gastric bypass had greater postprandial responses to the satiety hormones glucagon-like peptide 1 and peptide YY (P = 0·003 and P = 0·004 respectively). Ghrelin levels did not differ between the groups. Patients with a gastric bypass maintained a lower intake of fat compared with those having VBG (P = 0·013). Some 89 per cent of patients who initially had VBG had undergone, or were scheduled for, conversion to gastric bypass at latest follow-up. Gastric bypass was superior to VBG regarding weight loss, body composition, dietary composition and postprandial satiety hormone responses. Copyright © 2012 British Journal of Surgery Society Ltd. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  15. Comparison of nutritional status during the first year after sleeve gastrectomy and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coupaye, Muriel; Rivière, Pauline; Breuil, Marie Christine; Castel, Benjamin; Bogard, Catherine; Dupré, Thierry; Flamant, Martin; Msika, Simon; Ledoux, Séverine

    2014-02-01

    Sleeve gastrectomy (SG) is supposed to induce fewer nutritional deficiencies than gastric bypass (GBP). However, few studies have compared nutritional status after these two procedures, and the difference in weight loss (WL) between procedures may alter the results. Thus, our aim was to compare nutritional status after SG and GBP in subjects matched for postoperative weight. Forty-three subjects who underwent SG were matched for age, gender, and 6-month postoperative weight with 43 subjects who underwent GBP. Dietary intakes (DI), metabolic (MP), and nutritional parameters (NP) were recorded before and at 6 and 12 months after both procedures. Multivitamin supplements were systematically prescribed after surgery. Before surgery, BMI, DI, MP, and NP were similar between both groups. After surgery, LDL cholesterol, serum prealbumin, vitamin B12, urinary calcium, and vitamin D concentrations were lower after GBP than after SG, whereas WL and DI were similar after both procedures. However, the total number of deficiencies did not increase after surgery regardless of the procedure. In addition, we found a significant increase in liver enzymes and a greater decrease in C-reactive protein after GBP. In conclusion, during the first year after surgery, in patients with the same WL and following the same strategy of vitamin supplementation, global nutritional status was only slightly impaired after SG and GBP. However, some nutritional parameters were specifically altered after GBP, which could be related to malabsorption or other mechanisms, such as alterations in liver metabolism.

  16. Early marginal ulcer following Roux-en-Y gastric bypass under proton pump inhibitor treatment: prospective multicentric study Úlcera perianastomótica após derivação gástrica em Y-de-Roux mesmo em uso de inibidor de bomba de prótons: estudo prospectivo multicêntrico

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    Arthur Belarmino Garrido Jr.

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available CONTEXT: Causal factors of gastrojejunal ulcers after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass include peptic acid secretion from the gastric pouch. Esomeprazole is a potent inhibitor of acid secretion. OBJECTIVE: To assess the occurrence of dyspepsia and gastrojejunal ulcers within the first 2 months after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass during the use of esomeprazole. METHODS: One hundred eighteen morbid obese subjects were submitted to Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. Preoperative upper gastrointestinal tract endoscopy was negative for H. pylori. All subjects received esomeprazole for 60 days after surgery. RESULTS: Two weeks after surgery only 13 mild symptoms were reported. After 2 months, 17 also moderate complaints were registered. Endoscopy around the 60th day showed esophagitis in 10 (8.5%, hiatal hernia in 2 (1.7%, foreign body in the anastomotic line in 12 (10.2% and gastrojejunal ulcers was observed in 9 (7.6% subjects, 2 of which had a suture material or metallic staple granuloma in the gastrojejunostomy. Ten subjects took nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs at least once during study, but none of them developed ulcer. None of the subjects with ulcer had dyspeptic symptoms. CONCLUSION: The incidence of ulcer in the gastrojejunal anastomosis within the first 2 months following Rouxen-Y gastric bypass under proton pump inhibitors is considerable. It was not related to the use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, highlighting the possibility of ischemia and foreign body as causal factors. The ulcers were asymptomatic, and all post-surgical dyspeptic symptoms were moderate in severity.CONTEXTO: Sintomas dispépticos são comuns após derivação gástrica em Y-de-Roux. Podem decorrer de úlceras de boca anastomótica, cujos possíveis fatores causais incluem a secreção cloridropéptica da bolsa gástrica, isquemia, efeito de corpo estranho dos materiais de sutura e uso de antiinflamatórios não-esteróides. O esomeprazol é um redutor potente da secre

  17. CORRELATION BETWEEN PRE AND POSTOPERATIVE LEVELS OF GLP-1/GLP-2 AND WEIGHT LOSS AFTER ROUX-EN-Y GASTRIC BYPASS: A PROSPECTIVE STUDY.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cazzo, Everton; Gestic, Martinho Antonio; Utrini, Murillo Pimentel; Pareja, José Carlos; Chaim, Elinton Adami; Geloneze, Bruno; Barreto, Maria Rita Lazzarini; Magro, Daniéla Oliveira

    2016-01-01

    The role of gut hormones in glucose homeostasis and weight loss achievement and maintenance after bariatric surgery appears to be a key point in the understanding of the beneficial effects observed following these procedures. To determine whether there is a correlation between the pre and postoperative levels of both GLP-1 and GLP-2 and the excess weight loss after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). An exploratory prospective study which enrolled 11 individuals who underwent RYGB and were followed-up for 12 months. GLP-1 and GLP-2 after standard meal tolerance test (MTT) were determined before and after surgery and then correlated with the percentage of excess loss (%EWL). GLP-2 AUC presented a significant postoperative increase (945.3±449.1 vs.1787.9±602.7; p=0.0037); GLP-1 AUC presented a non-significant trend towards increase after RYGB (709.6±320.4 vs. 1026.5±714.3; p=0.3808). Mean %EWL was 66.7±12.2%. There was not any significant correlation between both the pre and postoperative GLP-1 AUCs and GLP-2 AUCs and the %EWL achieved after one year. There was no significant correlation between the pre and postoperative levels of the areas under the GLP-1 and GLP-2 curves with the percentage of weight loss reached after one year. O papel de hormônios gastrointestinais sobre a homeostase glicêmica e a obtenção e manutenção da perda de peso após a cirurgia bariátrica parece ser elemento fundamental na compreensão dos benefícios observados após estes procedimentos. Determinar se há correlação entre os níveis pré e pós-operatórios de GLP-1 e GLP-2 com a perda do excesso de peso após o bypass gástrico em Y-de-Roux. Estudo prospectivo exploratório que envolveu 11 indivíduos submetidos ao bypass gástrico, acompanhados por 12 meses. Os níveis GLP-1 e GLP-2 após um teste de refeição padrão foram determinados antes e 12 meses após a operação e então foram correlacionados com o percentual de perda do excesso de peso. Houve aumento

  18. Full robot-assisted gastrectomy with intracorporeal robot-sewn anastomosis produces satisfying outcomes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Xin-Xin; Jiang, Zhi-Wei; Chen, Ping; Zhao, Yan; Pan, Hua-Feng; Li, Jie-Shou

    2013-01-01

    AIM: To evaluate the feasibility and safety of full robot-assisted gastrectomy with intracorporeal robot hand-sewn anastomosis in the treatment of gastric cancer. METHODS: From September 2011 to March 2013, 110 consecutive patients with gastric cancer at the authors’ institution were enrolled for robotic gastrectomies. According to tumor location, total gastrectomy, distal or proximal subtotal gastrectomy with D2 lymphadenectomy was fully performed by the da Vinci Robotic Surgical System. All construction, including Roux-en-Y jejunal limb, esophagojejunal, gastroduodenal and gastrojejunal anastomoses were fully carried out by the intracorporeal robot-sewn method. At the end of surgery, the specimen was removed through a 3-4 cm incision at the umbilicus trocar point. The details of the surgical technique are well illustrated. The benefits in terms of surgical and oncologic outcomes are well documented, as well as the failure rate and postoperative complications. RESULTS: From a total of 110 enrolled patients, radical gastrectomy could not be performed in 2 patients due to late stage disease; 1 patient was converted to laparotomy because of uncontrollable hemorrhage, and 1 obese patient was converted due to difficult exposure; 2 patients underwent extra-corporeal anastomosis by minilaparotomy to ensure adequate tumor margin. Robot-sewn anastomoses were successfully performed for 12 proximal, 38 distal and 54 total gastrectomies. The average surgical time was 272.52 ± 53.91 min and the average amount of bleeding was 80.78 ± 32.37 mL. The average number of harvested lymph nodes was 23.1 ± 5.3. All specimens showed adequate surgical margin. With regard to tumor staging, 26, 32 and 46 patients were staged as I, II and III, respectively. The average hospitalization time after surgery was 6.2 d. One patient experienced a duodenal stump anastomotic leak, which was mild and treated conservatively. One patient was readmitted for intra-abdominal infection and was

  19. Effects of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass on fasting and postprandial inflammation-related parameters in obese subjects with normal glucose tolerance and in obese subjects with type 2 diabetes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bovbjerg, Kirsten Katrine Lindegaard; Jorgensen, Nils Bruun; Just, Rasmus

    2015-01-01

    Background: Obesity is characterized by low grade inflammation and an altered secretion of inflammatory cytokines from the adipose tissue. Weight loss has shown to reduce inflammation; however, changes in cytokine profiles during massive weight loss are not well described. The present study...... explored the hypothesis that Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) reduces circulating levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines, while increasing anti-inflammatory cytokines in obese subjects with type 2 diabetes (T2D) and in obese normal glucose tolerant (NGT) subjects. Methods: Thirteen obese subjects with T2D...... and NGT obese subjects. This study is the first to examine IL-8 and TGF-beta in obese subject after RYGB. Resolution of inflammation could offer a potential explanation for the health improvement associated with major weight loss after bariatric surgery....

  20. A Time Interval of More Than 18 Months Between a Pregnancy and a Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass Increases the Risk of Iron Deficiency and Anaemia in Pregnancy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crusell, Mie; Nilas, Lisbeth; Svare, Jens; Lauenborg, Jeannet

    2016-10-01

    The aim of the study is to explore the impact of time between Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and pregnancy on obstetrical outcome and nutritional derangements. In a retrospective cross-sectional study of pregnant women admitted for antenatal care at two tertiary hospitals, we examined 153 women with RYGB and a singleton pregnancy of at least 24 weeks. The women were stratified according to a pregnancy nutritional parameters and glycated haemoglobin 1Ac (HbA1c) in second and third trimester of pregnancy, gestational hypertension, length of pregnancy, mode of delivery and foetal birth weight. The two groups were comparable regarding age, parity and prepregnancy body mass index. The frequency of iron deficiency anaemia (ferritin anaemia but not of other nutritional deficits. Time interval does not seem to have an adverse effect on the obstetrical outcome, including intrauterine growth restriction. Specific attention is needed on iron deficit with increasing surgery-to-pregnancy time interval.

  1. Experiência inicial no tratamento endoscópico de fístulas gastrocutâneas pós-gastroplastia vertical redutora através da aplicação de matriz acelular fibrogênica Endoscopic placement of a "plug" made of acellular biomaterial: a new technique for the repair of gastric leak after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fauze Maluf-Filho

    2008-09-01

    peroral endoscopic treatment of gastric leaks in Roux-en-Y gastric bypassed patients is presented. METHODS: An acellular biomaterial was endocopically placed in the fistulous orifice in order to promote healing and avoid surgery in 25 patients. The time between fistula diagnosis and endoscopic treatment varied from 4 to 25 weeks (median: 7 weeks. RESULTS: Endoscopic treatment was successful in 20 (80% patients. Fistula closure was obtained after one, two and three sessions in 6 (30%, 11 (55% and 3 (15% patients, respectively. No procedure related complications were observed. CONCLUSION: Endoscopic repair of gastric leak after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass by using an acellular biomaterial is safe and effective. However two or three endoscopic sessions are usually needed.

  2. Relação entre o estado nutricional de vitamina a e a regressão da esteatose hepática após gastroplastia em Y- de- Roux para tratamento da obesidade classe III Relationship of the nutritional status of vitamin a and the regression of hepatic steatosis after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery for treatment of class III obesity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz Gustavo de Oliveira e Silva

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available RACIONAL: A vitamina A participa de várias funções primordiais no organismo humano e as suas concentrações séricas podem estar diminuídas nas doenças crônicas não transmissíveis. OBJETIVO: Avaliar a relação entre o estado nutricional da vitamina A, e a regressão da esteatose hepática em indivíduos submetidos à gastroplastia em Y-de-Roux para tratamento da obesidade classe III. MÉTODOS: Foram estudados 30 pacientes obesos classe III, de ambos os sexos, com esteatose hepática, submetidos à gastroplastia em Y-de-Roux. Seis meses após a operação, os pacientes foram submetidos à ultrassonografia abdominal e distribuídos em dois grupos: grupo 1 - pacientes com esteatose detectada na ultrassonografia e grupo 2 - pacientes sem esteatose detectada na ultrassonografia. No pré-operatório e seis meses após a operação foram realizadas análises antropométricas e exames bioquímicos: insulina basal, glicemia, Homeostasis Model Assessment Index (HOMA IR, colesterol, HDL, LDL, triglicerídeos, AST, ALT, Gama-GT, albumina, bilirrubina total, retinol, e beta caroteno. RESULTADOS: A média de perda de peso foi de 35,05 + 10,47 (pBACKGROUND: Vitamin A participates in several essentials functions in the human body and their serum concentrations may be decreased in non-transmissible diseases. AIM: To assess the relationship of the nutritional status of Vitamin A through the serum concentrations of retinol and beta carotene, with regression of hepatic steatosis in individuals who undergone Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery for treatment of class III obesity. METHODS: Were included 30 individuals, male and female, submitted to Roux-en-Y gastric bypass for treatment of class III obesity, who were diagnosed through an abdominal ultrasonography as presenting hepatic steatosis. From the result of an ultrasonography screened six months after the surgical procedure those subjects were divided into two groups: group 1 - patients with steatosis

  3. Uso da mirtazapina no tratamento da náusea e vômito refratários a terapia habitual após derivação gástrica em Y de Roux Intractable nausea and vomiting following Roux-en-Y gastric bypass controlled with mirtazapine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandre Coutinho Teixeira de Freitas

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available RACIONAL: A cirurgia bariátrica é procedimento com significativa morbidade. A náusea a vômito geralmente ocorrem devido à presença de complicações mecânicas como as estenoses das anastomoses. Alguns casos apresentam sintomas importantes na ausência dessas complicações. OBJETIVO: Relato do uso da mirtazapina no pós-operatório de cirurgia bariátrica em um paciente com náuseas de vômitos refratários ao tratamento clínico habitual, na ausência de complicações mecânicas. RELATO DO CASO: Paciente portador de obesidade mórbida foi submetido à derivação gástrica em Y de Roux laparoscópica. Evoluiu com náusea persistente associada a episódios de vômitos refratários a ondansetron, metoclopramida e bromoprida. Não foram identificadas causas mecânicas para o quadro. Foi iniciado mirtazapina (Remeron® via oral na dose de 30mg por dia durante 60 dias. Após dois dias do início da medicação foi observado melhora total do quadro. A mirtazapina é um antidepressivo que apresenta efeito antiemético através do bloqueio de receptores para a serotonina (5-HT3 no centro do vômito no tronco cerebral. CONCLUSÃO: A mirtazapina pode ser útil nos casos de náusea e vômito refratários à terapia antiemética habitual no pós-operatório de derivação gástrica em Y de Roux, quando causas mecânicas são excluídas.BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery is related to significant morbidity. Mechanical complications such as stricture of the anastomotic sites are the most common causes of persistent nausea and vomiting. Some patients present such symptoms in the absence of these complications. AIM: To report the use of mirtazapine in a patient submitted to bariatric surgery, presenting persistent nausea and vomiting in the absence of mechanical complications, and unresponsive to conventional antiemetic drugs. CASE REPORT: A morbidly obese patient submitted to laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass presented persistent nausea and vomiting

  4. Increased post-operative cardiopulmonary fitness in gastric bypass patients is explained by weight loss

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lund, M. T.; Hansen, M.; Wimmelmann, C. L.

    2016-01-01

    Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) leads to a major weight loss in obese patients. However, given that most patients remain obese after the weight loss, regular exercise should be part of a healthier lifestyle. The primary aim of this study was to investigate the cardiopulmonary fitness in obese pat...

  5. Recovery of the incretin effect in type 2 diabetic patients after biliopancreatic diversion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Novaes, Fernanda S; Vasques, Ana C J; Pareja, José C

    2015-01-01

    CONTEXT: Bariatric surgery often results in remission of the diabetic state in obese patients. Increased incretin effect seems to play an important role in the glycemic improvements after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, but the impact of biliopancreatic diversion (BPD) remains unexplored. OBJECTIVE: Th...

  6. The Effect of Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass and Sleeve Gastrectomy Surgery on Dietary Intake, Food Preferences, and Gastrointestinal Symptoms in Post-Surgical Morbidly Obese Lebanese Subjects: A Cross-Sectional Pilot Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    El Labban, Sibelle; Safadi, Bassem; Olabi, Ammar

    2015-12-01

    Data on gastrointestinal (GI) and dietary changes following bariatric surgery are scarce in the Middle Eastern region. The objective of this work was to retrospectively compare dietary intake, food preferences, and GI symptoms in subjects with extreme obesity after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and sleeve gastrectomy (SG). Sixty subjects equally divided between RYGB and SG with a postoperative period of ≥6 months were recruited for a retrospective, non-randomized, and observational study. All subjects completed three questionnaires (GI symptoms, food preferences, and quantitative food frequency questionnaire (FFQ)) and three 24-h recalls. At one year postoperatively, both surgical groups showed similar percentage of excess weight loss that exceeded 50%. In addition, percentage of carbohydrate, protein, and sugar intake from total energy, frequency of daily consumption from the eight food categories and daily energy intake were comparable between surgical groups. RYGB subjects consumed significantly more fruits and juices from total energy (P sweets and desserts. Heartburn (P sweet-eating in SG subjects with less dumping symptoms to suggest different mechanisms of action for each procedure, which might impact eating behavior.

  7. Carotid intima-media thickness is reduced 12 months after gastric bypass surgery in obese patients with type 2 diabetes or impaired glucose tolerance

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lundby-Christensen, Louise; Tarnow, Lise; Hansen, Dorte L

    2014-01-01

    AIM: To investigate whether Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery (RYGB) - an in vivo model for normalisation of hyperglycaemia - improves carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D)/impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) and normal glucose tolerance (NGT). METHODS: Observati...

  8. The Hand-sewn Anastomosis with an Absorbable Bidirectional Monofilament Barbed Suture Stratafix® During Laparoscopic One Anastomosis Loop Gastric Bypass. Retrospective Study in 50 Patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blanc, Pierre; Lointier, Patrice; Breton, Christophe; Debs, Tarek; Kassir, Radwan

    2015-12-01

    Laparoscopic One Anastomosis Gastric Bypass (LOAGB) is one of the main bariatric procedures that require a safe and reproducible gastrojejunal anastomosis. Barbed suture has been widely used for surgery in recent years; however, few studies have reported their use for gastro-intestinal anastomosis. We proposed their use for totally hand-sewn anastomosis during LOAGB. The objective of this study is to evaluate the risk of leaks and stenosis after a hand-sewn anastomosis using an absorbable bidirectional monofilament barbed suture: Stratafix®. The study was done in a private practice setting. Between April and November 2014, 50 consecutive patients undergoing a hand-sewn antecolic, antegastric gastrojejunal anastomosis (GJA) using Stratafix®. Pre, intra, and postoperative parameters were assessed for these patients. No fistulas or anastomotic stenosis had occurred up to 6 months after surgery. All procedures were completed laparoscopically, and no intraoperative complications occurred. The mean length of hospital stay was 3 days. The use of an absorbable bidirectional monofilament barbed suture for the GJA was safe. Further prospective studies with a higher number of patients are needed to address the safety and efficacy of the absorbable bidirectional monofilament barbed suture in bariatric surgery.

  9. “Omics” Prospective Monitoring of Bariatric Surgery: Roux-En-Y Gastric Bypass Outcomes Using Mixed-Meal Tolerance Test and Time-Resolved 1H NMR-Based Metabolomics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lopes, Thiago I.B.; Geloneze, Bruno; Pareja, José C.; Calixto, Antônio R.; Ferreira, Márcia M.C.

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery goes beyond weight loss to induce early beneficial hormonal changes that favor glycemic control. In this prospective study, ten obese subjects diagnosed with type 2 diabetes underwent bariatric surgery. Mixed-meal tolerance test was performed before and 12 months after RYGB, and the outcomes were investigated by a time-resolved hydrogen nuclear magnetic resonance (1H NMR)-based metabolomics. To the best of our knowledge, no previous omics-driven study has used time-resolved 1H NMR-based metabolomics to investigate bariatric surgery outcomes. Our results presented here show a significant decrease in glucose levels after bariatric surgery (from 159.80 ± 61.43 to 100.00 ± 22.94 mg/dL), demonstrating type 2 diabetes remission (p < 0.05). The metabolic profile indicated lower levels of lactate, alanine, and branched chain amino acids for the operated subject at fasting state after the surgery. However, soon after food ingestion, the levels of these metabolites increased faster in operated than in nonoperated subjects. The lipoprotein profile achieved before and after RYGB at fasting was also significantly different, but converging 180 min after food ingestion. For example, the very low-density lipoprotein, low-density lipoprotein, N-acetyl-glycoproteins, and unsaturated lipid levels decreased after RYGB, while phosphatidylcholine and high-density lipoprotein increased. This study provides important insights on RYGB surgery and attendant type 2 diabetes outcomes using an “omics” systems science approach. Further research on metabolomic correlates of RYGB surgery in larger study samples is called for. PMID:27428253

  10. Gastrin Secretion After Bariatric Surgery-Response to a Protein-Rich Mixed Meal Following Roux-En-Y Gastric Bypass and Sleeve Gastrectomy: a Pilot Study in Normoglycemic Women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grong, Eivind; Græslie, Hallvard; Munkvold, Bjørn; Arbo, Ingerid Brænne; Kulseng, Bård Erik; Waldum, Helge L; Mårvik, Ronald

    2016-07-01

    Recent investigations have linked elevated gastrin levels to the improvement of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and sleeve gastrectomy (SG) are effective treatments for T2DM, but it is not known if this is related to postoperative alterations of gastrin secretion. Twenty women previously operated with RYGB or SG and 13 female controls were enrolled and evaluated for body mass index, lipids, C-peptide, HbA1c, and anti-H. pylori IgG. Glucose, gastrin, insulin, and glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) concentrations were measured before and 30, 60, 90, and 120 min after ingestion of a protein-rich mixed meal. Six participants primarily selected were excluded due to usage of proton pump inhibitors, positive H.pylori IgG, or history of T2DM, yielding the following groups: RYGB (n = 9), SG (n = 8), and controls (n = 10). There were no differences in age, body mass index, HbA1c, or C-peptide levels between groups. RYGB had significantly lower area under the curve (AUC) for glucose during the test compared to controls (p = 0.013). RYGB showed lower serum gastrin levels compared to SG and controls (p gastrin release in SG compared to controls (p = 0.091). For SG and controls, there was a negative correlation between glucose and gastrin response (p = 0.0043). Gastrin secretion is diminished after RYGB. Hypergastrinemia was not present after SG, but a tendency of enhanced gastrin secretion was observed. These findings require further investigation in prospective studies.

  11. Gut hormones, early dumping and resting energy expenditure in patients with good and poor weight loss response after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dirksen, C; Jørgensen, N B; Bojsen-Møller, K N

    2013-01-01

    with measurements of glucose, insulin, total bile acids (TBA), glucagon-like peptide (GLP)-1, peptide YY(3-36) (PYY), cholecystokinin (CCK), ghrelin, neurotensin and pancreatic polypeptide (PP) as well as assessment of early dumping and appetite.Results:Suppression of hunger was more pronounced in the good than...

  12. Colectomy and ileorectal anastomosis is still an option for selected patients with familial adenomatous polyposis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bülow, Steffen; Bulow, C.; Vasen, H.

    2008-01-01

    PURPOSE: The risk of rectal cancer after colectomy and ileorectal anastomosis may be reduced in the last decades, as patients with severe polyposis now have an ileoanal pouch. We have reevaluated the risk of rectal cancer and proctectomy for all causes according to the year of operation. METHODS......: On the basis of the year of operation in 776 patients with ileorectal anastomosis and 471 pouch patients in Denmark, Finland, Holland, and Sweden, the "pouch period" was defined to start in 1990. Ileorectal anastomosis follow-up data was captured by May 31, 2006. The cumulative risk of rectal cancer...... and proctectomy was compared before and after 1990 by Kaplan-Meier analysis. RESULTS: In the prepouch period 56/576 patients (10 percent) developed rectal cancer, vs. 4/200 (2 percent) in the pouch period. Neither the cumulative risk of rectal cancer (p = 0.07) nor the cumulative risk of proctectomy (p = 0...

  13. Endoscopic and ultrasonographic evaluation before and after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass for morbid obesity Avaliação endoscópica e ultra-sonográfica antes e depois de gastroplastia com derivação intestinal em Y-de-Roux para obesidade mórbida

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo Passos Teivelis

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Esophagogastric abnormalities are recognized prior and after bariatric procedures, but frequency and severity are debated. Liver and biliary tract findings are also of clinical importance, especially gallstones and liver steatosis. AIM: To compare pre-operative findings of hepatobiliary ultrasound and upper digestive endoscopy with post-operative results in patients submitted to open Roux-en-Y gastric bypass for morbid obesity. METHODS: A total of 80 patients were enrolled 16.8 ± 12.1 months after operation, all of them on routine follow-up program, and 8 were excluded. Retrospective analysis aimed at pre-operative clinical, endoscopic and ultrasonographic examinations and were prospectively repeated. RESULTS: Pre-operative endoscopical report was available in 42 cases, and 52 examinations were performed post-operatively. Frequency of esophagitis changed from 16.7% (7/42 to 15.4% (8/52, and of gastritis from 45.2% (19/42 to 21.2% (11/52. Gastric or gastrojejunal ulcers were initially present in 4.8% (2/42 and increased to 9.6% (5/52. Post-operatively, an unusual abnormality was silastic band erosion: 7.7% (4/52. Helicobacter pylori was present in 50.0% (21/42 before and 3.5% (2/52 after operation. Ultrasonographic study had been done before intervention in 63 subjects, and 57 were executed on follow-up. Liver steatosis occurred previously in 58.7% (37/63 and in 43.9% (25/57 later on. Only 12.7% (8/63 of the patients had undergone cholecystectomy before bariatric operation, 29.1%(16/55 suffered simultaneous resection of gallbladder because of stones during Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, and an additional 26.8% (10/36 developed gallstones post-operatively. CONCLUSIONS: Liver steatosis did not statistically improve, nor did inflammatory conditions of the upper digestive tube, despite reduction of H. pylori infections; gallbladder stones requiring intervention were common.RACIONAL: Anormalidades esôfago-gástricas são reconhecidas

  14. Diffuse form of Caroli's disease: therapeutical approach in a female patient with recurrent cholangitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iancu, Cornel; Bodea, Raluca; Muresan, Terezia; Iancu, Dana; Boruah, Prabir; Al Hajjar, Nadim

    2010-12-01

    A 49-year old female was admitted to the 3rd Surgical Clinic Cluj with clinical signs of cholangitis. She had had these symptoms for 30 years and in 2007 she was diagnosed as suffering from a diffuse form of Caroli's disease. On admission, a biological syndrome of cholestasis was noticed, associated with an inflammatory syndrome and hepatocytolysis. The imaging examinations confirmed the presence of bilateral intrahepatic cysts communicating with the biliary tree and intrahepatic lithiasis. Surgery was performed with left lobectomy, cholecystectomy, lavage of the right biliary tree and single loop cholangio-jejunal Roux-en-Y anastomosis. The patient had a favorable postoperative evolution and was discharged on the 7th day. The optimal therapeutic solution for this patient would have been a liver transplantation. However, given the emergency presentation, the surgery choice was to treat the present complications, namely the structural damage in the left lobe, the microabcesses at this level, the intrahepatic lithiasis and cholangitis. Caroli's disease, due to its complications, may impose to the surgeon to choose between different therapeutical strategies before liver transplantation.

  15. Effects of Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass for Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: Comparison of BMI > 30 and < 30 kg/m(2).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ke, Zhigang; Li, Fan; Chen, Jing; Gao, Yu; Zhou, Xunmei; Sun, Fang; Li, Chunxue; Liu, Baohua; Li, Qiang; Zhu, Zhiming; Tong, Weidong

    2017-11-01

    Recently, many studies focused on type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients with body mass index (BMI) BMI BMI BMI > 30 kg/m(2). Seventy patients with uncontrolled T2DM underwent laparoscopic RYGB from May 2010 to December 2015 in the GI Department of Daping Hospital. Weight, BMI, waist circumference, glucose, and lipid metabolic parameters were collected and evaluated at baseline and 1, 3, 6, 12, and 24 months postsurgery. Patients with BMI BMI > 30 kg/m(2). Among the 70 patients, 47 (67.1%) BMI BMI > 30 kg/m(2). Patients with BMI BMI BMI > 30 kg/m(2) group (p = 0.029). There was no significant difference in the change of glucose and lipid metabolic parameters of both groups. FPG, 2hPG, and HbA1c% levels were significantly improved after 1 month (p BMI BMI BMI > 30 kg/m(2) group.

  16. Type 2 diabetes mellitus and microvascular complications 1 year after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass: a case-control study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miras, Alexander D; Chuah, Ling Ling; Khalil, Nofal; Nicotra, Alessia; Vusirikala, Amoolya; Baqai, Najah; Graham, Christopher; Ravindra, Saranya; Lascaratos, Gerassimos; Oliver, Nick; le Roux, Carel W

    2015-07-01

    We aimed to examine the effects of bariatric surgery on microvascular complications in patients with type 2 diabetes using objective measures. Prospective case-control study of 70 obese surgical patients with type 2 diabetes undergoing gastric bypass surgery matched for age, sex and duration of diabetes to 25 medical patients treated using international guidelines. Microvascular complications were assessed before and 12-18 months after intervention using urine albumin creatinine ratio (ACR) measurements, two-field digital retinal images and peripheral nerve conduction studies (in the surgical group only). Urine ACR decreased significantly in the surgical group but increased in the medical group. There were no significant differences between the surgical and medical groups in the changes in retinopathy. There were no changes in the nerve conduction variables in the surgical group. In the short term, bariatric surgery may be superior to medical care in the treatment of diabetic nephropathy, but not retinopathy or neuropathy.

  17. Self-expandable Metal Stent Placement Combining Double Balloon Endoscopy with a Percutaneous Approach in a Roux-en-Y Hepaticojejunostomy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Koornstra, Jan J.; Alkefaji, Heyder

    The use of the double balloon endoscope for ERCP in patients with surgically altered anatomy has shown to be safe and feasible. This technique permits a variety of diagnostic and therapeutic possibilities. A case is presented of a 38-year old male, admitted with jaundice, 8 months after surgery for

  18. Robotic versus laparoscopic stapling during robotic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery: a case-matched analysis of costs and clinical outcomes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hagen, Monika E; Jung, Minoa K; Fakhro, Jassim; Buchs, Nicolas C; Buehler, Leo; Mendoza, Jona M; Morel, Philippe

    2018-01-01

    The purpose of this analysis is to compare the robotic EndoWrist Stapling System (EWSS) 45 mm (Intuitive Surgical Inc. Sunnyvale, CA, USA) and the ECHELON FLEX™ ENDOPATH® Staplers (EFES) 60 mm (Ethicon, Cincinnati, OH, USA) for gastric pouch formation during robotic gastric bypass surgery. Patients who underwent robotic gastric bypass surgery with stapling using EWSS were matched with patients who underwent the same procedure with the EFES. Demographic, intra- and postoperative, and cost data were collected and analyzed. A total of 49 patients were identified who had undergone robotic gastric bypass surgery using EWSS. They were matched with 49 patients who underwent the equivalent procedure using EFES. With similar demographic parameters, corrected operating room time without cholecystectomy took longer for the patients that underwent surgery with EWSS (+22 min, p = 0.1042). Stapler clamping was unsuccessful in 19.0% of all recorded attempts with EWSS. Two intra-operative complications unrelated to stapling and one complication due to stapling were observed in the EWSS cohort, while none was observed for the EFES group. Significantly, more recharges were needed with EWSS to complete the gastric pouch (4.9 vs. 4.1, p = 0.0048) and overall stapling costs for the procedure were significantly higher (2212.2 vs. 1787.4 USD, p = 0.0001). Gastric pouch formation using EWSS during robotic gastric bypass surgery is feasible. Due to the shorter length of EWSS compared to EFES, more stapling recharges are required to complete gastric pouch formation and the stapling costs for gastric bypass surgery are higher. Further systematic research should be conducted to precisely determine the value of the robotic EWSS for gastric bypass surgery.

  19. Increased postprandial energy expenditure may explain superior long term weight loss after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass compared to vertical banded gastroplasty.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Malin Werling

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Gastric bypass results in greater weight loss than Vertical banded gastroplasty (VBG, but the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. In addition to effects on energy intake the two bariatric techniques may differentially influence energy expenditure (EE. Gastric bypass in rats increases postprandial EE enough to result in elevated EE over 24 hours. This study aimed to investigate alterations in postprandial EE after gastric bypass and VBG in humans. METHODS: Fourteen women from a randomized clinical trial between gastric bypass (n = 7 and VBG (n = 7 were included. Nine years postoperatively and at weight stability patients were assessed for body composition and calorie intake. EE was measured using indirect calorimetry in a respiratory chamber over 24 hours and focused on the periods surrounding meals and sleep. Blood samples were analysed for postprandial gut hormone responses. RESULTS: Groups did not differ regarding body composition or food intake either preoperatively or at study visit. Gastric bypass patients had higher EE postprandially (p = 0.018 and over 24 hours (p = 0.048 compared to VBG patients. Postprandial peptide YY (PYY and glucagon like peptide 1 (GLP-1 levels were higher after gastric bypass (both p<0.001. CONCLUSIONS: Gastric bypass patients have greater meal induced EE and total 24 hours EE compared to VBG patients when assessed 9 years postoperatively. Postprandial satiety gut hormone responses were exaggerated after gastric bypass compared to VBG. Long-term weight loss maintenance may require significant changes in several physiological mechanisms which will be important to understand if non-surgical approaches are to mimic the effects of bariatric surgery.

  20. Increased postprandial energy expenditure may explain superior long term weight loss after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass compared to vertical banded gastroplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Werling, Malin; Olbers, Torsten; Fändriks, Lars; Bueter, Marco; Lönroth, Hans; Stenlöf, Kaj; le Roux, Carel W

    2013-01-01

    Gastric bypass results in greater weight loss than Vertical banded gastroplasty (VBG), but the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. In addition to effects on energy intake the two bariatric techniques may differentially influence energy expenditure (EE). Gastric bypass in rats increases postprandial EE enough to result in elevated EE over 24 hours. This study aimed to investigate alterations in postprandial EE after gastric bypass and VBG in humans. Fourteen women from a randomized clinical trial between gastric bypass (n = 7) and VBG (n = 7) were included. Nine years postoperatively and at weight stability patients were assessed for body composition and calorie intake. EE was measured using indirect calorimetry in a respiratory chamber over 24 hours and focused on the periods surrounding meals and sleep. Blood samples were analysed for postprandial gut hormone responses. Groups did not differ regarding body composition or food intake either preoperatively or at study visit. Gastric bypass patients had higher EE postprandially (p = 0.018) and over 24 hours (p = 0.048) compared to VBG patients. Postprandial peptide YY (PYY) and glucagon like peptide 1 (GLP-1) levels were higher after gastric bypass (both pGastric bypass patients have greater meal induced EE and total 24 hours EE compared to VBG patients when assessed 9 years postoperatively. Postprandial satiety gut hormone responses were exaggerated after gastric bypass compared to VBG. Long-term weight loss maintenance may require significant changes in several physiological mechanisms which will be important to understand if non-surgical approaches are to mimic the effects of bariatric surgery.

  1. Technique Selection of Bricker or Wallace Ureteroileal Anastomosis in Ileal Conduit Urinary Diversion: A Strategy Based on Patient Characteristics

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Liu, Longfei; Chen, Minfeng; Li, Yuan; Wang, Long; Qi, Fan; Dun, Jingeng; Chen, Jinbo; Zu, Xiongbing; Qi, Lin

    2014-01-01

    ... (Bricker and Wallace anastomosis) used in ileal conduit (IC) diversion. Patients who underwent IC diversion after radical cystectomy for transitional cell carcinoma between January 2009 and December 2011 were prospectively collected...

  2. Central arteriovenous anastomosis for the treatment of patients with uncontrolled hypertension (the ROX CONTROL HTN study): a randomised controlled trial.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Lobo, Melvin D

    2015-01-22

    Hypertension contributes to cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. We assessed the safety and efficacy of a central iliac arteriovenous anastomosis to alter the mechanical arterial properties and reduce blood pressure in patients with uncontrolled hypertension.

  3. IMPACT OF VITAMIN D AND CALCIUM DEFICIENCY IN THE BONES OF PATIENTS UNDERGOING BARIATRIC SURGERY: A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW

    OpenAIRE

    CABRAL, Jefry Alberto Vargas; SOUZA, Gabriela Pereira de; NASCIMENTO, Juliana de Almeida; SIMONETI, Luis Fernando; MARCHESE, Carolina; SALES-PERES, Silvia Helena de Carvalho

    2016-01-01

    ABSTRACT Introduction: Bariatric surgery is considered the most effective tool in the control and treatment of severe obesity, but patients undergoing this procedure are at increased risk of developing nutritional deficiencies by limiting the intake and absorption of many nutrients. Objective: To assess the impact of vitamin D deficiency and calcium in bone in patients after gastric bypass in Roux-en-Y, pointing directly at the type of administration, doses and effects after surgery. Metho...

  4. Halo effect for bariatric surgery: collateral weight loss in patients' family members.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woodard, Gavitt A; Encarnacion, Betsy; Peraza, Joe; Hernandez-Boussard, Tina; Morton, John

    2011-10-01

    Bariatric surgery is an effective treatment for morbid obesity, which is increasingly recognized as a familial disease. Healthy behavior transmission may be enhanced by family relationships. To determine changes in weight and healthy behavior in patients who underwent Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery and their family members. Prospective, longitudinal, and multidimensional health assessment before and 1 year after index Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery. An academic bariatric center of excellence, from January 1, 2007, through December 31, 2009. Eighty-five participants (35 patients, 35 adult family members, and 15 children old). Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery and associated dietary and lifestyle counseling. Weight and expected body mass index (calculated as weight in kilograms divided by height in meters squared). Secondary outcomes were waist circumference, quality of life (36-Item Short Form or Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory), healthy behaviors, eating behaviors, and activity levels. Participants were grouped by relationship to patient for analysis with paired 2-sample t tests. Before the operation, 60% of adult family members and 73% of children of patients undergoing Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery were obese. At 12 months after the operation, significant weight loss was observed in obese adult family members (from 234 to 226 lb; P = .01). There was a trend for obese children to have a lower body mass index than expected for their growth curve (31.2 expected vs 29.6 observed; P = .07). Family members increased their daily activity levels (adults, from 8 to 17 metabolic equivalent task-hours, P = .005; and children, from 13 to 22, P = .04). Adult family members also had improved eating habits with less uncontrollable eating (from 35 to 28; P = .01), emotional eating (from 36 to 28; P = .04), and alcohol consumption (from 11 drinks per month to 1 drink per month; P = .009). Gastric bypass surgery may render an additional benefit of weight loss and

  5. Intensive Nutrition Management in a Patient with Short Bowel Syndrome Who Underwent Bariatric Surgery

    OpenAIRE

    Kweon, MeeRa; Ju, Dal Lae; Park, Misun; Choe, JiHyeong; Suh, Yun-Suhk; Seol, Eun-Mi; Lee, Hyuk-Joon

    2017-01-01

    Many individuals with short bowel syndrome (SBS) require long-term parenteral nutrition (PN) to maintain adequate nutritional status. Herein, we report a successful intestinal adaptation of a patient with SBS through 13 times intensive nutritional support team (NST) managements. A thirty-five-year-old woman who could not eat due to intestinal discontinuity visited Seoul National University Hospital for reconstruction of the bowel. She received laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) due ...

  6. Diabetes surgery in type 2 BMI 24-29 vs IMC 30-34 diabetic patients: is there differences among restrictive, malabsorptive and gastric bypass procedures?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garciacaballero, M; Navarrete, S; Favretti, F; Celik, A; Del Castillo, D

    2013-03-01

    Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a public health problem with a prevalence of 345 million people worldwide that it may double by the year 2030 and have a high costs and mortality. Gastrointestinal surgery is accepted as a form of treatment that was already suggested for obese in 1987 by Pories, confirmed for obese patients by the metaanalysis of Buchwald and the direct comparison of gastric bypass with medical treatment in the study of Schauer that demonstrate a 4 fold greater resolution rate of DM with surgery. Improvement occurs immediately after surgery, before the patients lose weight in with BMI > 35; but there is doubt if the existent evidence is enough to extrapolate these results to patients with BMI < 35 and especially with BMI < 30, in spite that four reviews in patients with this BMI and DM2 demonstrated the same results when stomach, duodenum and part of jejunum is bypassed as happen gastric bypass (better results with this of one anastomosis than of two anastomosis, Roux-en-Y) BPD. For patients with a BMI between 30 and 35 restrictive techniques: LAGB and SGL are good but not better than the mixed: RYGB, BAGUA, or SG-DJB with remission from 60 to 100%, minor in the derivative: BPD and above on the IID with a 81% of remission. There are no differences in the metabolic control in comparison to the obese, It is progressively better with DJB, SDS, IID and BAGUA especially in patients who do not require insulin, have less time with disease, have normal C peptide levels, and not so much relation with the initial BMI that is only important to decide the degree of restriction. Although several mechanisms has been suggested for explaining these results such as caloric intake, hormonal changes, bypass of the anterior or early stimulation of posterior intestine, fundectomy, intestinal gluconeogenesis and others, new ones will appear in the near future. Copyright © AULA MEDICA EDICIONES 2013. Published by AULA MEDICA. All rights reserved.

  7. Effects of chest physiotherapy on the respiratory function of postoperative gastroplasty patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Forti, Eli; Ike, Daniela; Barbalho-Moulim, Marcela; Rasera, Irineu; Costa, Dirceu

    2009-01-01

    Bariatric surgery has become increasingly more recommended for the treatment of morbidly obese individuals for whom it is possible to identify co-morbidities other than alterations in pulmonary function. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of conventional chest physiotherapy (CCP) and of conventional physiotherapy associated with transcutaneous electrical diaphragmatic stimulation (CCP+TEDS) on pulmonary function and respiratory muscle strength in patients who have undergone Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. In total, 44 female patients with an average age of 37 +/- 7.3 years and an average body mass index (BMI) of 47.4 +/- 6.5 K/m(2) were selected as candidates for Roux-en-Y gastric bypass laparoscopy. They were evaluated for pulmonary volume and flow using spirometry and maximum respiratory pressure through manovacuometry during the preoperative period and on the fifteenth and thirtieth postoperative days. No differences were detected between CCP and CCP + TEDS, and both factors contributed to the maintenance of pulmonary flow and volume as well as inhalation muscle strength. Exhalation muscle strength was not maintained in the CCP group at fifteen or thirty days postoperative, but it was maintained in patients treated with conventional chest physiotherapy + transcutaneous electric diaphragmatic stimulation. These results suggest that both conventional chest physiotherapy and conventional chest physiotherapy + transcutaneous electric diaphragmatic stimulation prevent the reduction of pulmonary function during the Roux-en-Y gastric bypass postoperative period, and that transcutaneous electric diaphragmatic stimulation also contributes to expiratory muscle strength.

  8. Breath hydrogen analysis in patients with ileoanal pouch anastomosis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bruun, E; Meyer, J N; Rumessen, J J

    1995-01-01

    The possible influence on functional outcomes of hydrogen production in the ileoanal pouch after restorative proctocolectomy was investigated by means of lactulose H2 breath tests. Eight of 15 patients had significant increases in breath hydrogen after 10 g lactulose. One patient declined...... to participate in further investigations, the remaining seven responders had no evidence of small bowel bacterial overgrowth after glucose H2 breath tests. The ability to produce hydrogen by anaerobic fermentation of lactulose in the pouch was unrelated to the age of the patients or of the pouch. Seven of eight...... responders had successive breath tests after ingestion of lactulose 20 g and wheat starch 100 g. Five of seven had significant increases after lactulose but none after wheat starch. The overall function of the pouch continence, spontaneity of defecation, and 24 hour stool frequency was significantly better...

  9. Endoscopic gastric pouch plication – a novel endoluminal incision free approach to revisional bariatric surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Virk CS

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available 10-40% of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB patients regain significant weight after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery due to dilation of the pouch and/or the gastrojejunal (GJ anastomosis. Traditional revision surgery is associated with significant morbidity (e.g. post-anastomotic GJ leak where less invasive endoluminal procedures may represent safer alternatives. The present article reports a case of the safe and successful use of endoluminal gastric pouch plication (EGPP using the StomaphyX™ device to correct both a dilated gastric pouch and a dilated gastrojejunostomy in a post-RYGB patient who regained significant weight.

  10. An experimental study of the electrical activity of the bypassed stomach in the Roux-en-Y gastric bypass Estudo experimental da atividade elétrica do estômago excluso na gastroplastia vertical com reconstituição em Y-de-Roux

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    Álvaro Antônio Bandeira Ferraz

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Surgical options for morbid obesity are diverse, and the Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, initially described by Fobi has gained popularity. Knowledge about the physiology of the bypassed stomach is limited because this newly produced segment of the stomach is inaccessible to endoscopic or contrast radiological studies. AIM: To evaluate the myoelectric activity of the bypassed stomach and its reply to the feeding. METHODS: An experimental protocol was conducted to evaluate postoperative gastric bypassed motility in dogs submitted to the Roux-en-Y gastric bypass procedure. Two groups of five animals were studied on postoperative fasting and after a standard meal, recording electrical response and control activity. Both control and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass operated study group had a pair of electrodes placed on three points of the remaining stomach: fundus, body and antrum. Data registration was performed after complete ileus resolution, and analysed with DATA Q Inst. series 200. RESULTS: The results achieved on the conditions of this study suggest that: 1. the remaining stomach maintain the same pattern of motility; 2. there is a reduced fasting electromyography activity following the Roux-en-Y gastric bypass procedure; 3. significantly reduced fasting electric control activity when compared both groups, and a markedly reduced fasting response electric activity and; 4. the electric response to the feeding kept the same standard of the stomach, however in a statistically reduced way. CONCLUSION: The electrical activity of the bypassed stomach of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass procedure kept the same pattern but in a statistically reduced number of contraction.RACIONAL: Dentre a grande diversidade de opções cirúrgicas para obesidade mórbida, a gastroplastia vertical com reconstituição em Y-de-Roux, tornou-se extremamente popular. Dados concernentes à fisiologia do estômago excluído são limitados, desde que este segmento produzido pela

  11. Cardioplasty and Roux-en-Y partial gastrectomy (Serra-Dória procedure for reoperation of achalasia Cardioplastia e gastrectomia parcial em Y-de-Roux (operação de Serra-Dória para reoperações no megaesôfago

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    Helio Ponciano

    2004-09-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: After cardiomyotomy for the treatment of megaesophagus, recurrence of symptoms occur in up to 15% of the patients, but only some require a reoperation. AIM: To evaluate the results of reoperation - cardioplasty with Roux-en-Y partial gastrectomy, a technique proposed by Serra-Dória. CASUISTIC AND METHODS: Twenty patients with achalasia previously treated by cardiomyotomy, were retrospectively studied. The etiology of symptoms recurrence was reflux esophagitis in nine (45.0% patients, healing of the myotomy in five (25.0%, end staging megaesophagus in five (25.0% and incomplete myotomy in one (5%. Intra and postoperative complications were analyzed. The patients were studied by clinical (dysphagia, regurgitation, heartburn and weight gain, radiological and endoscopic evaluation, in the pre- and postoperative period. RESULTS: Five (25.0% patients had complications in the immediate postoperative period. No deaths were observed. Dysphagia improved in all the patients. Regurgitation and heartburn almost disappeared in the whole group. Weight was maintained or increased in 64.7% of the patients. Radiological studies showed a decrease in the caliber of the esophagus in 53.0%, while the remaining patients maintained the pre-operative diameter. Endoscopy, performed during the late postoperative period in 17 patients, showed that 6 among the 9 with reflux esophagitis improved; 2 among the 8 with a normal esophagus during the preoperative period, developed esophagitis. CONCLUSIONS: The Serra-Dória procedure for the treatment of megaesophagus in patients who had already undergone cardiomyotomy and whose symptoms recurred, presented a low morbidity and no mortality. It offered a significant relief of symptoms with a decrease of the caliber of the esophagus in several patients. The patients also improved with regards to reflux esophagitis. In some cases reflux was still present after surgery. Others with normal esophagus in the preoperative

  12. Alcohol acute intoxication before sepsis impairs the wound healing of intestinal anastomosis: rat model of the abdominal trauma patient

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    Morais Pedro

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Most trauma patients are drunk at the time of injury. Up to 2% of traumatized patients develop sepsis, which considerably increases their mortality. Inadequate wound healing of the colonic repair can lead to postoperative complications such as leakage and sepsis. Objective To assess the effects of acute alcohol intoxication on colonic anastomosis wound healing in septic rats. Methods Thirty six Wistar rats were allocated into two groups: S (induction of sepsis and AS (alcohol intake before sepsis induction. A colonic anastomosis was performed in all groups. After 1, 3 or 7 days the animals were killed. Weight variations, mortality rate, histopathology and tensile breaking strength of the colonic anastomosis were evaluated. Results There was an overall mortality of 4 animals (11.1%, three in the group AS (16.6% and one in the S group (5.5%. Weight loss occurred in all groups. The colon anastomosis of the AS group didn’t gain strength from the first to the seventh postoperative day. On the histopathological analysis there were no differences in the deposition of collagen or fibroblasts between the groups AS and S. Conclusion Alcohol intake increased the mortality rate three times in septic animals. Acute alcohol intoxication delays the acquisition of tensile strength of colonic anastomosis in septic rats. Therefore, acute alcohol intoxication before sepsis leads to worse prognosis in animal models of the abdominal trauma patients.

  13. Ventilação não invasiva no pós-operatório imediato de derivação gastrojejunal com bypass em Y de Roux Noninvasive ventilation in the immediate postoperative of gastrojejunal derivation with Roux-en-Y gastric bypass

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kivânia C. Pessoa

    2010-08-01

    for 24 hours after the end of the surgical procedure. OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated the effect of noninvasive ventilation with two pressure levels (BiPAP in the pulmonary function, incidence of immediate postoperative pulmonary complications and the development of anastomotic dehiscence in morbid obese patients submitted to gastrojejunal derivation in Roux-en-Y (RYGB. METHODS: It was an analytical and clinical study involving patients who were submitted to RYGB, had a body mass index (BMI of at least 35 kg/cm², and were randomly chosen to receive BiPAP (experimental group or standard oxygen therapy (control group, in the first four hours of the post-operation period. Patients with chronic or acute pulmonary disease were not included, and neither were the ones who needed invasive mechanical ventilation by the end of the surgery. Vital capacity, maximal inspiratory and expiratory pressure, and arterial blood gases were measured in the preoperative and in the first postoperative. Chest X-ray was performed in the third postoperative. RESULTS: Eighteen patients were chosen for the study: ten received BiPAP and eight received standard oxygen therapy. The study group had better partial oxygen pressure and lower maximal expiratory pressure levels in the postoperative state than the control group. Anastomotic dehiscence was not observed in any group. There was no significant difference between the control group and the study group relating to the loss of vital capacity, maximal inspiratory pressure in the postoperative period or the incidence of atelectasis. CONCLUSION: The BiPAP in the postoperative period of gastroplasty was useful to improve oxygenation and did not increase the incidence of anastomotic dehiscence.

  14. Peri-operative care for patients undergoing lymphaticovenular anastomosis: A systematic review

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Winters, H.; Tielemans, H.J.P.; Sprangers, P.N.; Ulrich, D.J.O.

    2017-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Lymphaticovenular anastomosis (LVA) is a supermicrosurgical procedure that involves the anastomosis of a functional lymphatic channel to a venule. Although peri-operative care might be an important contributor to the success of this technique, evidence about optimal peri-operative care

  15. CHOICE OF A PROCEDURE FOR FORMATION OF URETEROILEAL ANASTOMOSIS DURING BRICKER URINE DERIVATION IN ELDERLY AND SENILE PATIENTS

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    L. D. Roman

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. How to derive urine is stemmed from removal of the bladder and from the necessity of its disengaging from the process of urination. Most surgeons prefer to do incontinent urine derivation in elderly and senile patients.Subjects and methods. In 2007 to 2009, the Leningrad Regional Oncology Dispensary treated 103 patients with diseases requiring the bladder be removed. All these patients underwent cystectomy as an independent operation or one of the surgical stages, followed by incontinent urine derivation described by Bricker. The patients were divided into 2 groups: 1 Bricker-type end-to-side ureteroileal anastomosis; 2 Wallace-type one. Group 1 comprised 50 patients: 37 (74 % women and 13 (26 % men; Group 2 included 53 patients: 48 (90.6 % women and 5 (9.6 % men. These were elderly and senile patients aged 60 to 79 years (mean age 65 ± 3.71.Results. In Group 1, 36 (72 % patients were preoperatively diagnosed as having hydroureteronephrosis (HUN. Of them, 23 (64% patients underwent preoperative percutaneous puncture nephrostomy (PPN. In Group 2, HUN was diagnosed in 43 (81 % patients; of them 27 (63 % had PPN. Complications and resurgeries were more common in Group 1 (p < 0.001. In Group 2, there were a larger number of cases of incompetence of the ureteroileal anastomosis. This complication required no surgical correction, but a longer drainage standing.Conclusion. The Bricker operation is the safest urine derivation in elderly and senile patients after surgery involving cystectomy. Wallacetype ureteroileal anastomosis during the Bricker operation is accompanied by a considerable reduction in the number of early and late postoperative complications and resurgeries. Wallace-type ureteroileal anastomosis is considered the method of choice in cancer patients.

  16. CHOICE OF A PROCEDURE FOR FORMATION OF URETEROILEAL ANASTOMOSIS DURING BRICKER URINE DERIVATION IN ELDERLY AND SENILE PATIENTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. D. Roman

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Background. How to derive urine is stemmed from removal of the bladder and from the necessity of its disengaging from the process of urination. Most surgeons prefer to do incontinent urine derivation in elderly and senile patients.Subjects and methods. In 2007 to 2009, the Leningrad Regional Oncology Dispensary treated 103 patients with diseases requiring the bladder be removed. All these patients underwent cystectomy as an independent operation or one of the surgical stages, followed by incontinent urine derivation described by Bricker. The patients were divided into 2 groups: 1 Bricker-type end-to-side ureteroileal anastomosis; 2 Wallace-type one. Group 1 comprised 50 patients: 37 (74 % women and 13 (26 % men; Group 2 included 53 patients: 48 (90.6 % women and 5 (9.6 % men. These were elderly and senile patients aged 60 to 79 years (mean age 65 ± 3.71.Results. In Group 1, 36 (72 % patients were preoperatively diagnosed as having hydroureteronephrosis (HUN. Of them, 23 (64% patients underwent preoperative percutaneous puncture nephrostomy (PPN. In Group 2, HUN was diagnosed in 43 (81 % patients; of them 27 (63 % had PPN. Complications and resurgeries were more common in Group 1 (p < 0.001. In Group 2, there were a larger number of cases of incompetence of the ureteroileal anastomosis. This complication required no surgical correction, but a longer drainage standing.Conclusion. The Bricker operation is the safest urine derivation in elderly and senile patients after surgery involving cystectomy. Wallacetype ureteroileal anastomosis during the Bricker operation is accompanied by a considerable reduction in the number of early and late postoperative complications and resurgeries. Wallace-type ureteroileal anastomosis is considered the method of choice in cancer patients.

  17. Bleeding from duodenal ulcer in a patient with bilio-pancreatic diversion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garancini, Mattia; Luperto, Margherita; Delitala, Alberto; Maternini, Matteo; Uggeri, Franco

    2011-12-01

    Scopinaro's bilio-pancreatic diversion is considered as an acceptable malabsorptive surgical approach for the treatment of morbid obesity. We describe a case of acute recurrent gastro-intestinal bleeding in a patient with a previous Scopinaro's bilio-pancreatic diversion. At the first admission in our department, gastroscopy, colonoscopy, contrast-enhanced computerized tomography and angiography resulted negative for active bleeding. Hypovolemic shock indicated laparotomy and an intraoperative enteroscopy performed through a small enterotomy showed an ulcerative perforation sourced in an ischemic portion of a distended duodenal stump, with a bleeding branch of gastro-duodenal artery at the bottom. Hemorrhage was stopped with stitches. Two years later a new episode of duodenal bleeding associated with severe malnutrition occurred. A covered chronic ischemic perforation sustained by duodenal distension due to biliopancreatic limb sub-obstruction appeared to be the most probable etiology of the recurrent duodenal bleeding. The patient underwent again to laparotomy and adhesiolysis; hemorrhage was stopped by means of ligation of gastroduodenal artery and bilio-pancreatic diversion was converted into a standard Roux-en-Y gastroenterostomy with an entero-entero anastomosis 40 cm from the Treitz ligament in order to restore an anatomo-functional condition guaranteeing normal absorption and intestinal transit. After Scopinaro's bilio-pancreatic diversion duodenal bleeding can represent a rare serious presentation of biliopancreatic limb obstruction; because of the complex anatomical reconstruction performed during this intervention, the duodenum results unavailable during upper gastro-intestinal endoscopy, and if a duodenal bleeding is suspected laparotomy followed by enteroscopy represents an effective diagnostic approach.

  18. Handling difficult anastomosis. Tips and tricks in obese patients and narrow pelvis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Srinivas Samavedi

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Vesico-urethral anastomosis (VUA is a technically challenging step in robotic-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy (RALP in obese individuals. We describe technical modifications to facilitate VUA encountered in obese individuals and in patients with a narrow pelvis. A Pubmed literature search was performed between 2000 and 2012 to review all articles related to RALP, obesity and VUA for evaluation of technique, complications and outcomes of VUA in obese individuals. In addition to the technical modifications described in the literature, we describe our own experience to encounter the technical challenges induced by obesity and narrow pelvis. In obese patients, technical modifications like use of air seal trocar technology, steep Trendlenburg positioning, bariatric trocars, alterations in trocar placement, barbed suture and use of modified posterior reconstruction facilitate VUA in robotic-assisted radical prostatectomy. The dexterity of the robot and the technical modifications help to perform the VUA in challenging patients with lesser difficulty. The experience of the surgeon is a critical factor in outcomes in these technically challenging patients, and obese individuals are best avoided during the initial phase of the learning curve.

  19. Postpartum complications in a patient with a previous proctocolectomy and ileo-pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA) for ulcerative colitis

    OpenAIRE

    Spina, Vincenzo; Giovannini, Massimo; Fabiani, Cristina; Vetrano, Giuseppe; Bagolan, Pietro; Colizza, Sergio; Aleandri, Vincenzo

    2012-01-01

    This case report regards pregnancy and delivery of a patient who had undergone proctocolectomy and ileo-pouch-anal-anastomosis (IPAA) for ulcerative colitis. The patient delivered through cesarean section and experienced serious complications postpartum. Such complications have been described in association with Chron’s disease and have never been described after proctocolectomy and IPAA for ulcerative colitis. This case report suggests that the limit between these two diseases is not sharp.

  20. fMRI after Phalloplasty with Nerve Anastomosis in a Trans-Man Patient

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carlsson, Åsa; Jönsson, Emma H.; Jönsson, Lars; Thorarinsson, Andri; Lidén, Mattias; Selvaggi, Gennaro

    2017-01-01

    Summary: We report on a case of a trans-man patient, who underwent penile reconstruction with the use of a radial forearm flap, urethroplasty, vaginectomy and scrotoplasty, insertion of testicle implants, and penile erection implants, similar to previously described methods. One of the requirements for an ideal phalloplasty is the preservation of erogenous sensitivity, which is often demanded by the patients for fulfilling their sexual well-being. For the first time known to us, we use a functional magnetic resonance imaging following radial forearm flap phalloplasty with nerve anastomosis to assess the cortical activation after clitoral stimulation. The patient was poked with a plastic pen on the neophallus and the groin. Regular block design with T1 and BOLD-T2* images were used. The results contradict the classic Penfield and Rasmussen homunculus, that is, the activations in the primary somatosensory cortex (S1) were bilateral with a left-sided dominance in the lateral parts of the medial postcentral gyrus (same region as the groin), and no activations were observed in the mesial parts of the postcentral gyrus. We also reported bilateral activations with a left-sided dominance in the secondary somatosensory cortex (S2) and near Broca’s area at the sylvian fissure just posterior to ramus ascendens. Our findings are similar to previous studies reporting on imaging related to genital sensitivity. PMID:28740768

  1. Current status of robotic bariatric surgery: a systematic review

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-01

    Background Bariatric surgery is an effective treatment to obtain weight loss in severely obese patients. The feasibility and safety of bariatric robotic surgery is the topic of this review. Methods A search was performed on PubMed, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, BioMed Central, and Web of Science. Results Twenty-two studies were included. Anastomotic leak rate was 8.51% in biliopancreatic diversion. 30-day reoperation rate was 1.14% in Roux-en-Y gastric bypass and 1.16% in sleeve gastrectomy. Major complication rate in Roux-en-Y gastric bypass resulted higher than in sleeve gastrectomy ( 4,26% vs. 1,2%). The mean hospital stay was longer in Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (range 2.6-7.4 days). Conclusions The major limitation of our analysis is due to the small number and the low quality of the studies, the small sample size, heterogeneity of the enrolled patients and the lack of data from metabolic and bariatric outcomes. Despite the use of the robot, the majority of these cases are completed with stapled anastomosis. The assumption that robotic surgery is superior in complex cases is not supported by the available present evidence. The major strength of the robotic surgery is strongly facilitating some of the surgical steps (gastro-jejunostomy and jejunojejunostomy anastomosis in the robotic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass or the vertical gastric resection in the robotic sleeve gastrectomy). PMID:24199869

  2. Biodistribution of technetium-99m pertechnetate after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (Capella technique in rats Biodistribuição de tecnécio-99m pertecnetato após desvio gástrico em Y de Roux (técnica de Capella em ratos

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    Amália Cínthia Meneses do Rêgo

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available PURPOSE: The biodistribution of sodium pertechnetate, the most used radiopharmaceutical in nuclear medicine, has not been studied in details after bariatric surgery. The objective was to investigate the effect of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB on biodistribution of sodium pertechnetate (Na99mTc- in organs and tissues of rats. METHODS: Twelve rats were randomly divided into two groups of 6 animals each. The RYGB group rats were submitted to the Roux-en-Y gastric bypass and the control group rats were not operated. After 15 days, all rats were injected with 0.1mL of Na99mTc- via orbital plexus with average radioactivity of 0.66 MBq. After 30 minutes, liver, stomach, thyroid, heart, lung, kidney and femur samples were harvested, weighed and percentage of radioactivity per gram (%ATI/g of each organ was determined by gama counter Wizard Perkin-Elmer. We applied the Student t test for statistical analysis, considering pOBJETIVO: Avaliar o efeito da cirurgia de desvio gástrico em Y de Roux (BGYR na biodistribuição do pertecnetato de sódio (Na99mTc em órgãos e tecidos de ratos. MÉTODOS: Doze ratos Wistar foram aleatoriamente distribuidos em dois grupos de seis animais cada. O grupo BGYR foi submetido a técnica cirúrgica do desvio gástrico em Y de Roux e o grupo controle não foi operado. No 15º dia de pós-operatório foi administrado 0,1 ml IV de Na99mTc aos animais dos dois grupos, com atividade radioativa média de 0,66MBq. Após 30 minutos os ratos foram mortos e retirados fragmentos de fígado, estômago, tireóide, coração, pulmão, rim e fêmur. As amostras foram lavadas com solução salina 0,9% pesadas e submetidas ao Contador Gama 1470, WizardTM Perkin-Elmer para se determinar o percentual de atividade radiotiva por grama (%ATI/g de cada órgão. Empregou-se o teste t de Student para análise estatística, considerando p<0,05 como significante. RESULTADOS: Redução significante na média de %ATI/g foi observada no fígado, est

  3. Cavopulmonary Anastomosis in a Patient With Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular Cardiomyopathy With Severe Right Ventricular Dysfunction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vaidyanathan, Swaminathan; Kothandam, Sivakumar; Kumar, Rajesh; Indrajith, Sujatha Desai; Agarwal, Ravi

    2017-01-01

    A 26-year-old lady presented with exertional dyspnea, palpitations, central cyanosis, and oxygen saturations of 80% in room air. Her electrocardiogram, echocardiogram, and cardiac magnetic resonance were diagnostic of arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia. There was no documented ventricular arrhythmia or syncopal episodes and Holter recordings were repeatedly normal. Cardiac hemodynamics showed right to left shunt through atrial septal defect, low pulmonary blood flow, normal atrial pressures, and minimally elevated right ventricular end-diastolic pressures. Since her presenting symptoms and cyanosis were attributed to reduced pulmonary blood flow, she underwent off-pump cavopulmonary anastomosis between right superior vena cava and right pulmonary artery. As we intended to avoid the adverse effect of extracorporeal circulation on the myocardial function and pulmonary vasculature, we did not attempt to reduce the size of the atrial septal defect. Her postoperative period was uneventful; oxygen saturation improved to 89% with significant improvement in effort tolerance. At 18-month follow-up, there were no ventricular arrhythmias on surveillance. The clinical presentation of this disease may vary from serious arrhythmias warranting defibrillators and electrical ablations at one end to right ventricular pump failure warranting cardiomyoplasty or right ventricular exclusion procedures at the other end. However, when the presentation was unusual with severe cyanosis through a stretched foramen ovale leading to reduced pulmonary blood flows, Glenn shunt served as a good palliation and should be considered as one of the options in such patients.

  4. Halitosis in obese patients and those undergoing bariatric surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dupim Souza, Ana Carolina; Franco, Carolina F; Pataro, André L; Guerra, Tadeu; de Oliveira Costa, Fernando; da Costa, José Eustáquio

    2013-01-01

    Patients undergoing bariatric surgery often complain of bad breath. However, the relationship between bariatric surgery and halitosis is relatively unknown. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate and compare the occurrence of halitosis among patients before and after a specific type of bariatric surgery, Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, and its relationship with the tongue coating index, plaque index, and salivary flow rate. A total of 62 patients with good oral health and in treatment for obesity at the walk-in clinic of Santa Casa Hospital, Belo Horizonte, Brazil, were selected. Of this sample, 31 were bariatric surgery candidates (control group) and 31 had already undergone Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery (case group). After completing a questionnaire, all patients underwent an oral clinical examination. Halitosis was measured using an organoleptic scale and a portable sulfide monitor. The Spearman correlation demonstrated a strong positive relation between the organoleptic rates and the concentration of volatile sulfur compounds determined using the sulfide monitor (rs = .58; P = .0001). No difference was found in the prevalence of halitosis between the 2 groups (P = .48). Only the salivary flow rate was significantly reduced in the control group compared with the case group (P = .02). In the case group, the concentration of volatile sulfur compounds correlated negatively with the salivary flow rate (P = .04) and positively with the tongue coating index (P = .005). The tongue coating index was significantly increased in those patients who did not brush the tongue (P halitosis and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. However, they do highlight the possible effect of this surgery on the oral cavity. Copyright © 2013 American Society for Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  5. Xenon anesthesia reduces TNFα and IL10 in bariatric patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abramo, Antonio; Di Salvo, Claudio; Baldi, Giacomo; Marini, Elena; Anselmino, Marco; Salvetti, Guido; Giunta, Francesco; Forfori, Francesco

    2012-02-01

    Anesthesia is able to modulate the balance between proinflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokine production during surgery. The aim of this study is to assess the effect of three anesthesia approaches, total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA), inhalation anesthesia, and xenon anesthesia, on sieric levels of nitric oxide (NO), IL6, IL10, and TNFα in obese patients undergoing Roux-en-Y laparoscopic gastric bypass. Thirty adult morbidly obese patients (BMI > 35) scheduled for Roux-en-Y laparoscopic gastric bypass were randomly recruited and allocated to TIVA (N = 10), inhalation anesthesia (SEV, N = 10), and xenon anesthesia (XE, N = 10). Exclusion criteria were ASA IV, age 60 years, and Mallampati IV. Opioid dosage and ventilation parameters were standardized. Sieric levels of NO, IL6, IL10, and TNFα were assessed at T0 (before induction of anesthesia), T1 (end of surgery), and T2 (12 h after the end of surgery). We compared the relative cytokine level variations (delta) at T1 and T2 and the cytokine exposure levels calculated as the area under the curve (AUC) between T0 and T2 in the XE and non-XE (SEV + TIVA) groups. At T1, we found a significant ΔIL10 (reduction) and ΔTNFα (reduction) between XE and SEV (p Xenon anesthesia seems able to inhibit postoperative proinflammatory cytokine imbalance in morbidly obese patients undergoing Roux-en-Y laparoscopic gastric bypass; the reduced ΔTNFα at T1 and the reduced global exposition to TNFα in the XE group may explain the reduced ΔIL10 at T1 and T2.

  6. Crohn's disease recurrence in patients with ileocolic anastomosis: Value of computed tomography enterography with water enema

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Paparo, Francesco [Department of Radiology, E.O. Ospedali Galliera, Mura della Cappuccine 14, 16128 Genoa (Italy); Revelli, Matteo; Puppo, Cristina [School of Radiology, University of Genoa, Via Leon Battista Alberti 4, 16132 Genoa (Italy); Bacigalupo, Lorenzo; Garello, Isabella [Department of Radiology, E.O. Ospedali Galliera, Mura della Cappuccine 14, 16128 Genoa (Italy); Garlaschi, Alessandro [School of Radiology, University of Genoa, Via Leon Battista Alberti 4, 16132 Genoa (Italy); Biscaldi, Ennio [Department of Radiology, E.O. Ospedali Galliera, Mura della Cappuccine 14, 16128 Genoa (Italy); Rollandi, Ludovica [School of Medicine, University of Genoa, Via Leon Battista Alberti 4, 16132 Genoa (Italy); Binda, Gian Andrea [Division of General Surgery, E.O. Ospedali Galliera, Mura della Cappuccine 14, 16128 Genoa (Italy); Rollandi, Gian Andrea, E-mail: rollandi@galliera.it [Department of Radiology, E.O. Ospedali Galliera, Mura della Cappuccine 14, 16128 Genoa (Italy)

    2013-09-15

    Objectives: the main objective of the present work was to determine the diagnostic value of CT-enterography with water enema (CTe-WE) in the assessment of the ileocolic anastomosis in patients with Crohn's disease (CD). The prevalence of synchronous inflammatory lesions (SILs) involving gastrointestinal segments distinct from the anastomosis was also determined. Further, the association between the type of ileocolic anastomosis and the behavior (i.e. inflammatory, stricturing, penetrating) of CD recurrence was evaluated. Methods: 51 patients were retrospectively included (26 [51%] male and 25 [49%] female; mean age: 52.88 years ± 13.35). Ileocolic anastomoses were: 18 (35.3%) stapled side-to-side, 17 (33.3%) end-to-side, and 16 (31.4%) end-to-end. CTe-WEs were reviewed in consensus by two gastrointestinal radiologists. Endoscopy and medical records were used as reference standards. Results: CTe-WE yielded 95.35% sensitivity (CI 95%: 84.19–99.43%), 75.00% specificity (CI 95%: 34.91–96.81%), and 92.15% diagnostic accuracy (CI 95%: 81.31–98.02%). Anastomotic recurrence was found in 41/51 (80.4%) patients, including 30/41 (73.2%) cases of isolated anastomotic recurrence, and 11/41 (26.8%) cases of anastomotic recurrence with a SIL. A significant lower prevalence of stricturing recurrence was observed in patients with stapled side-to-side anastomoses (p = 0.033). Conclusions: CTe-WE provides a good distension of both sides of ileocolic anastomoses allowing the detection of SILs.

  7. ANALYSIS OF FOOD TOLERANCE IN PATIENTS SUBMITTED TO BARIATRIC SURGERY USING THE QUESTIONNAIRE QUALITY OF ALIMENTATION.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stumpf, Matheo Augusto Morandi; Rodrigues, Marcos Ricardo da Silva; Kluthcovsky, Ana Claudia Garabeli Cavalli; Travalini, Fabiana; Milléo, Fábio Quirillo

    2015-01-01

    Due to the increased prevalence of obesity in many countries, the number of bariatric surgeries is increasing. They are considered the most effective treatment for obesity. In the postoperative there may be difficulties with the quality of alimentation, tolerance to various types of food, as well as vomiting and regurgitation. Few surveys are available to assess these difficulties in the postoperative. To perform a systematic literature review about food tolerance in patients undergoing bariatric surgery using the questionnaire "Quality of Alimentation", and compare the results between different techniques. A descriptive-exploratory study where the portals Medline and Scielo were used. The following headings were used in english, spanish and portuguese: quality of alimentation, bariatric surgery and food tolerance. A total of 88 references were found, 14 used the questionnaire "Quality of Alimentation" and were selected. In total, 2745 patients were interviewed of which 371 underwent to gastric banding, 1006 to sleeve gastrectomy, 1113 to Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, 14 to biliopancreatic diversion associated with duodenal switch, 83 were non-operated obese, and 158 non-obese patients. The questionnaire showed good acceptability. The biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch had the best food tolerance in the postoperative when compared to other techniques, but it was evaluated in a single article with a small sample. The longer the time after the operation, the better is the food tolerance. Comparing the sleeve gastrectomy and the Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, there are still controversial results in the literature. The gastric banding had the worst score of food tolerance among all the techniques evaluated. The questionnaire is easy and fast to assess the food tolerance in patients after bariatric surgery. Biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch had the best food tolerance in the postoperative when compared to sleeve gastrectomy and the Roux-en-Y gastric

  8. ANALYSIS OF FOOD TOLERANCE IN PATIENTS SUBMITTED TO BARIATRIC SURGERY USING THE QUESTIONNAIRE QUALITY OF ALIMENTATION

    Science.gov (United States)

    STUMPF, Matheo Augusto Morandi; RODRIGUES, Marcos Ricardo da Silva; KLUTHCOVSKY, Ana Claudia Garabeli Cavalli; TRAVALINI, Fabiana; MILLÉO, Fábio Quirillo

    2015-01-01

    Background : Due to the increased prevalence of obesity in many countries, the number of bariatric surgeries is increasing. They are considered the most effective treatment for obesity. In the postoperative there may be difficulties with the quality of alimentation, tolerance to various types of food, as well as vomiting and regurgitation. Few surveys are available to assess these difficulties in the postoperative. Aim : To perform a systematic literature review about food tolerance in patients undergoing bariatric surgery using the questionnaire "Quality of Alimentation", and compare the results between different techniques. Method : A descriptive-exploratory study where the portals Medline and Scielo were used. The following headings were used in english, spanish and portuguese: quality of alimentation, bariatric surgery and food tolerance. A total of 88 references were found, 14 used the questionnaire "Quality of Alimentation" and were selected. Results : In total, 2745 patients were interviewed of which 371 underwent to gastric banding, 1006 to sleeve gastrectomy, 1113 to Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, 14 to biliopancreatic diversion associated with duodenal switch, 83 were non-operated obese, and 158 non-obese patients. The questionnaire showed good acceptability. The biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch had the best food tolerance in the postoperative when compared to other techniques, but it was evaluated in a single article with a small sample. The longer the time after the operation, the better is the food tolerance. Comparing the sleeve gastrectomy and the Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, there are still controversial results in the literature. The gastric banding had the worst score of food tolerance among all the techniques evaluated. Conclusion: The questionnaire is easy and fast to assess the food tolerance in patients after bariatric surgery. Biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch had the best food tolerance in the postoperative when compared

  9. Effects of chest physiotherapy on the respiratory function of postoperative gastroplasty patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eli Forti

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Bariatric surgery has become increasingly more recommended for the treatment of morbidly obese individuals for whom it is possible to identify co-morbidities other than alterations in pulmonary function. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of conventional chest physiotherapy (CCP and of conventional physiotherapy associated with transcutaneous electrical diaphragmatic stimulation (CCP+TEDS on pulmonary function and respiratory muscle strength in patients who have undergone Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. METHODS: In total, 44 female patients with an average age of 37 ± 7.3 years and an average body mass index (BMI of 47.4 ± 6.5 K/m² were selected as candidates for Roux-en-Y gastric bypass laparoscopy. They were evaluated for pulmonary volume and flow using spirometry and maximum respiratory pressure through manovacuometry during the preoperative period and on the fifteenth and thirtieth postoperative days. RESULTS: No differences were detected between CCP and CCP+TEDS, and both factors contributed to the maintenance of pulmonary flow and volume as well as inhalation muscle strength. Exhalation muscle strength was not maintained in the CCP group at fifteen or thirty days postoperative, but it was maintained in patients treated with conventional chest physiotherapy + transcutaneous electric diaphragmatic stimulation. DISCUSSION: These results suggest that both conventional chest physiotherapy and conventional chest physiotherapy + transcutaneous electric diaphragmatic stimulation prevent the reduction of pulmonary function during the Roux-en-Y gastric bypass postoperative period, and that transcutaneous electric diaphragmatic stimulation also contributes to expiratory muscle strength.

  10. Dilatação endoscópica de anastomose gastrojejunal após bypass gástrico Endoscopic dilation of gastrojejunal anastomosis after gastric bypass

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Josemberg Marins Campos

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUÇÃO: Bypass gástrico em Y-de-Roux pode resultar em estenose de anastomose gastrojejunal. Não há protocolo de tratamento bem definido para essa complicação. OBJETIVO: Analisar os resultados da dilatação endoscópica em pacientes com estenose, através de revisão sistemática, incluindo complicações e taxa de sucesso. MÉTODOS: Foi realizada busca dos estudos relevantes publicados de 1988 a 2010 na base de dados do PubMed, sendo identificados 23 estudos para análise. Apenas os que descreviam o tratamento de estenose de anastomose após bypass gástrico em Y-de-Roux foram incluídos e relatos de caso que apresentavam menos de três pacientes foram excluídos. RESULTADOS: A idade média da população foi de 42,3 anos e o índice de massa corpórea pré-operatório médio foi de 48,8 kg/m². No total, 760 pacientes (81% feminino foram submetidos a 1298 procedimentos, sendo realizadas 1,7 dilatações por paciente. Balões Through-the-scope foram utilizados em 16 estudos (69,5% e dilatador de Savary-Gilliard em quatro. Apenas 2% dos pacientes necessitaram revisão cirúrgica após a dilatação; a taxa de complicações reportada foi de 2,5% (n=19. A taxa de sucesso anual foi maior que 98% nos anos 1992 a 2010, exceto por uma de 73% em 2004. Sete estudos relataram complicações, sendo perfuração a mais comum, relatada em 14 pacientes (1,82%, necessitando operação imediata em dois pacientes. Outras complicações foram também relatadas: um hematoma esofágico, uma lesão de Mallory-Weiss, um caso grave de náusea e vômito, e dois casos de dor abdominal importante. CONCLUSÃO: Tratamento endoscópico de estenose é seguro e eficaz; entretanto, mais estudos controlados randomizados devem ser realizados a fim de confirmar esses achados.INTRODUCTION: Roux-en-Y gastric bypass may result in stenosis of the gastrojejunal anastomosis. There is currently no well-defined management protocol for this complication. AIM: Through

  11. Morphological Evaluation of Proximal Anastomosis by PAS-Port(®) System in Patients with Long-Term Patent Grafts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kawasaki, Muneyasu; Fujii, Takeshiro; Hara, Masanori; Sasaki, Yuki; Katayanagi, Tomoyuki; Okuma, Shinnosuke; Watanabe, Yoshinori

    2015-01-01

    We examined grafts employing for morphological analysis of early and long-term results on proximal anastomosis with the PAS-Port(®). One hundred and four patients treated by OPCAB with PAS-Port(®) were performed postoperative MDCT. Morphological evaluation of the proximal anastomotic region was classified into three groups (A; graft was anastomosed almost perpendicularly to the aortic wall, B; graft was same type A, but subsequently curved to form an acute angle with the aortic wall, C; graft take off acute angle with the aortic wall) evaluated on planar and sagittal sections. One hundred twenty-six PAS-Port(®) were used. Patency rate was 99.0% at discharge, 94.7% at 1 year, and no blockages were detected thereafter in patients examined. The morphology rate was A 50.6%, B 15.3% and C 34.1% on planar sections, and A 58.8%, B 10.6% and C 30.6% on sagittal sections. The morphological evaluation of grafts revealed the degree of freedom in graft design to be relatively high and long-term patency posed no particular problem even if the layout of the proximal anastomotic region involved a relatively acute angle. The PAS-Port(®) was considered to be a highly reliable device which performed appropriate proximal anastomosis and improved the patency of vein grafting to the aortic wall.

  12. Ivy signs on FLAIR images before and after STA-MCA anastomosis in patients with Moyamoya disease

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ideguchi, Reiko; Enokizono, Mikako; Uetani, Masataka (Dept. of Radiological Sciences, Nagasaki Univ. Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Nagasaki (Japan)), e-mail: qqtt37gd9@forest.ocn.ne.jp; Morikawa, Minoru (Dept. of Radiology, Nagasaki Univ. School of Medicine, Nagasaki (Japan)); Ogawa, Yoji (Dept. of Radiology, Hanwa Daini Senboku Hospital, Osaka (Japan)); Nagata, Izumi (Dept. of Neurosurgery, Nagasaki Univ. School of Medicine, Nagasaki (Japan))

    2011-04-15

    Background: Leptomeningeal high signal intensity (ivy sign) on fluid-attenuated inversion-recovery (FLAIR) MR imaging is one of the features of Moyamoya disease. However, the correlation between ivy sign and cerebral perfusion status has not been fully evaluated. Purpose: To characterize ivy sign on FLAIR images in Moyamoya disease and compare this finding with hemodynamic alterations on perfusion single-photon emission CT (SPECT) obtained before and after bypass surgery. Material and Methods: Sixteen patients with angiographically confirmed Moyamoya disease who underwent superficial temporal artery-middle cerebral artery (STA-MCA) anastomosis were included in the study. The presence of ivy sign on FLAIR images was classified as 'negative', 'minimal' and 'positive'. We evaluated the relationship between ivy sign and findings of SPECT, including cerebral vascular reserve (CVR) before and after surgery. Results: Minimal or positive ivy sign was seen in 13 (81%) of 16 patients, and 21 (66%) of 32 hemispheres. CVR in the areas with positive or minimal ivy sign was lower than that in the areas with negative ivy sign. After STA-MCA anastomosis, ivy sign disappeared or decreased in all 21 hemispheres demonstrating ivy sign. SPECT demonstrated apparent hemodynamic improvement in areas demonstrating disappearance or decrease of ivy sign. Conclusion: Ivy sign on FLAIR image is seen in areas with decreased cerebral perfusion. The sign is useful for non-invasive assessment of cerebral hemodynamic status before and after surgery

  13. Factors Affecting Morbidity and Mortality of Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass for Clinically Severe Obesity: An Analysis of 1,000 Consecutive Open Cases by a Single Surgeon

    Science.gov (United States)

    Belsley, Scott

    2007-01-01

    Introduction Determinants of perioperative risk for RYGB are not well defined. Methods Retrospective analysis of comorbidities was used to evaluate predictors of perioperative risk in 1,000 consecutive patients having open RYGB by univariate analyses and logistic regression. Results One hundred forty-six men, 854 women; average age 38.3 ± 11.2 years; mean BMI 51.8 ± 10.5 (range 24–116) were evaluated. Average hospital stay (LOS) was 3.8 days; 87%  50 (0.6 vs 2.3%, p = 0.03) and male sex were associated with increased mortality (1.3 vs. 4.0%, p = 0.02). Sex-specific logistic regression demonstrated males with angiographically proven CAD were more likely to die (p = 0.028) than matched cohorts. Age (p = 0.033) and sleep apnea (p = 0.040) were significant predictors of death for women. Conclusion Perioperative mortality after RYGB appears to be affected by sex, BMI, age, CAD, and sleep apnea. Strategies employing risk stratification should be developed for bariatric surgery. PMID:17436136

  14. Detection of biliary stenoses in patients after liver transplantation: is there a different diagnostic accuracy of MRCP depending on the type of biliary anastomosis?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kinner, Sonja; Dechêne, Alexander; Paul, Andreas; Umutlu, Lale; Ladd, Susanne C; de Dechêne, Evelin Maldonado; Zöpf, Thomas; Gerken, Guido; Lauenstein, Thomas C

    2011-11-01

    Two different forms of biliary anastomosis can be created in patients undergoing liver transplantation: (a) bilio-digestive anastomoses or (b) choledocho-choledochostomy. Aim of this study was to assess the accuracy of MR cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) for the depiction of biliary stenoses in liver transplant patients depending on the type of biliary anastomosis. 24 liver transplant patients with clinical suspicion of biliary stenosis were studied (each 12 with bilio-digestive anastomosis/choledocho-choledochostomy). MRCP was performed on a 1.5 T scanner (Magnetom Avanto, Siemens) including 2D single shot RARE, 2D T2w HASTE, TrueFISP and 3D high-resolution navigator corrected sequences. Presence of (a) anastomotic stenoses (AST) and (b) NAS (non-anastomotic strictures) were assessed. Percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography (PTC) or endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) were performed within 48h after MRCP and served as the standard of reference. In patients with bilio-digestive anastomoses sensitivities of MRCP for the detection of AST and NAS amounted to 50% and 67%, respectively with specificity values of 83% and 50%. In patients with choledocho-chledochostomy sensitivities (AST: 100%, NAS: 100%) and specificities (AST: 100%, NAS: 88%) were significantly higher. Biliary strictures after liver transplantation can be accurately detected by MRCP in patients after choledocho-chledochostomy. However, the diagnostic value of MRCP is lower if liver transplantation was performed in combination with a bilio-digestive anastomosis. This may be due to the less exact depiction of the anastomosis in the bowel wall. Thus, it is crucial to know the type of biliary anastomosis before choosing a diagnostic procedure. Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  15. Detection of biliary stenoses in patients after liver transplantation: Is there a different diagnostic accuracy of MRCP depending on the type of biliary anastomosis?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kinner, Sonja, E-mail: Sonja.Kinner@uni-due.de [Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology and Neuroradiology, University Hospital Essen, Hufelandstrasse 55, 45122 Essen (Germany); Dechene, Alexander [Department of Hepatology and Gastroenterology, University Hospital Essen (Germany); Paul, Andreas [Department of General-, Visceral- and Transplant Surgery, University Hospital Essen (Germany); Umutlu, Lale; Ladd, Susanne C. [Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology and Neuroradiology, University Hospital Essen, Hufelandstrasse 55, 45122 Essen (Germany); Dechene, Evelin Maldonado de; Zoepf, Thomas; Gerken, Guido [Department of Hepatology and Gastroenterology, University Hospital Essen (Germany); Lauenstein, Thomas C. [Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology and Neuroradiology, University Hospital Essen, Hufelandstrasse 55, 45122 Essen (Germany)

    2011-11-15

    Purpose: Two different forms of biliary anastomosis can be created in patients undergoing liver transplantation: (a) bilio-digestive anastomoses or (b) choledocho-choledochostomy. Aim of this study was to assess the accuracy of MR cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) for the depiction of biliary stenoses in liver transplant patients depending on the type of biliary anastomosis. Method and materials: 24 liver transplant patients with clinical suspicion of biliary stenosis were studied (each 12 with bilio-digestive anastomosis/choledocho-choledochostomy). MRCP was performed on a 1.5T scanner (Magnetom Avanto, Siemens) including 2D single shot RARE, 2D T2w HASTE, TrueFISP and 3D high-resolution navigator corrected sequences. Presence of (a) anastomotic stenoses (AST) and (b) NAS (non-anastomotic strictures) were assessed. Percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography (PTC) or endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) were performed within 48 h after MRCP and served as the standard of reference. Results: In patients with bilio-digestive anastomoses sensitivities of MRCP for the detection of AST and NAS amounted to 50% and 67%, respectively with specificity values of 83% and 50%. In patients with choledocho-chledochostomy sensitivities (AST: 100%, NAS: 100%) and specificities (AST: 100%, NAS: 88%) were significantly higher. Conclusion: Biliary strictures after liver transplantation can be accurately detected by MRCP in patients after choledocho-chledochostomy. However, the diagnostic value of MRCP is lower if liver transplantation was performed in combination with a bilio-digestive anastomosis. This may be due to the less exact depiction of the anastomosis in the bowel wall. Thus, it is crucial to know the type of biliary anastomosis before choosing a diagnostic procedure.

  16. Laparoscopic choledochal cyst excision and Roux-en-Y hepaticojejunostomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kayaalp, Cüneyt; Soyer, Vural; Ersan, Veysel; Aydın, Cemalettin; Karagül, Servet

    2016-01-01

    Congenital choledochal cysts are rare in adults. Due to the risk of developing cholangiocarcinoma, the current standard of care is complete excision of the cyst and reconstruction with hepaticojejunostomy. So far, more than 200 laparoscopic resections have been reported in adults, the majority being from Far Eastern countries over the last five years. Herein, the technique of laparoscopic type I choledochal cyst excision and hepaticojejunostomy is presented in a 37-year-old male with an accompanying video. The advantages of laparoscopic surgery are applicable for choledochal cyst excision as well. We believe that teamwork, expertise on intracorporeal suturing and hepatobiliary surgery are central issues for this operation.

  17. Postprandial hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Øhrstrøm, Caroline Christfort; Worm, Dorte; Hansen, Dorte Lindqvist

    2017-01-01

    of developing hypoglycemia. Known risk factors are female sex, longer time since surgery, and lack of prior diabetes. Management of the hypoglycemic episodes is difficult, and only dietary modifications consisting of frequent and less carbohydrate-rich meals seem to be efficient. Medical treatments and surgical...

  18. Patient travel for bariatric surgery: does distance matter?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mehaffey, J Hunter; Michaels, Alex D; Mullen, Mathew G; Meneveau, Max O; Pender, John R; Hallowell, Peter T

    2017-12-01

    Increasingly, patients are faced with greater travel distances to undergo bariatric surgery at high-volume centers. This study sought to evaluate the impact of travel distance on access to care and outcomes after bariatric surgery. Patients who underwent Roux-en-Y gastric bypass at an academic bariatric surgery center from 1985 to 2004 were examined and stratified by patient travel distance. Univariate analyses were performed for preoperative risk factors, 30-day complications, and long-term (10-yr) weight loss between "local," defined as1 hour of travel time. Survival analysis was performed with Kaplan-Meier and Cox proportional hazards models. A total of 650 patients underwent Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, of whom 316 (48.6%) traveled1 hour. Median body mass index was equivalent between the groups (local, 52.9 kg/m2; regional, 53.2 kg/m2; P = .76). Patients who traveled longer distances had higher rates of preoperative co-morbidities, including chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, congestive heart failure, diabetes, and sleep apnea (all P1 hour. Despite longer travel time for care, 30-day complications and long-term weight loss were equivalent with that of local patients. As expected, patients who lived in close proximity were more likely to adhere to yearly follow-up in surgery clinic. Travel time was an independent predictor of risk-adjusted reduced long-term survival. Copyright © 2017 American Society for Bariatric Surgery. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  19. Diagnostic and interventional radiology in the post-operative period and follow-up of patients after rectal resection with coloanal anastomosis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Severini, A.; Civelli, E.M.; Uslenghi, E.; Cozzi, G.; Salvetti, M.; Milella, M. [Department of Radiology, National Cancer Institute of Milan, via Venezian 1, I-23100 Milan (Italy); Gallino, G.; Bonfanti, G.; Belli, F.; Leo, E. [Department of Surgery, National Cancer Institute of Milan, via Venezian 1, I-23100 Milan (Italy)

    2000-07-01

    Surgical treatment of carcinoma of the distal third of the rectum with anal sphincter preservation is increasingly used in accredited cancer centers. This study aimed to evaluate the diagnostic usefulness of radiological investigations in the management of patients who had undergone resection with coloanal anastomosis for carcinoma of the rectum, in the immediate post-operative period, during closure of the protective colostomy and in the follow-up of symptomatic recanalized patients. A total of 175 patients who had undergone total rectal resection with end-to-side anastomosis for carcinoma of the distal third of the rectal ampulla, most of whom had received postoperative radiotherapy, were evaluated radiologically. In the postoperative period radiological investigation was ordered only for symptomatic patients to detect pathology of the anastomosis and the pouch sutures and was used direct film abdominal radiography and contrast-enhanced radiography of the rectal stump with a water-soluble radio-opaque agent. Before closure of the colostomy, 2 months after rectal excision or approximately 4 months after if postoperative radiotherapy was given, the anastomosis and pouch of all patients, even asymptomatic ones, were studied with water-soluble contrast enema to check for normal canalization. In the follow-up after recanalization radiological examinations were done to complete the study of the large intestine if the endoscopist was not able to examine it up to the cecum. Of the 175 patients examined radiologically during the postoperative period and/or subsequent follow-up, 95 showed no pathological findings. Seventy-nine patients had fistulas of the coloanal anastomosis or the pouch, 23 of which supplied a presacral collection. In the absence of severe sepsis, the only therapeutic measures were systemic antibiotics and washing of the surgical catheters to maintain efficient operation. In 2 patients in whom transanal drainage was performed radiologically the fistula

  20. Gastrojejunal anastomosis stricture after laparoscopic gastric bypass: Our experience with 62 patients Estenosis de la anastomosis gastroyeyunal en el bypass gástrico laparoscópico: Nuestra experiencia con 62 pacientes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Campillo-Soto

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Objective: gastrojejunal stricture (GYS, not only is a common complication after laparoscopic gastric bypass (LGBP, but its frequency is about 15% according to bibliography. Our aim is to present our experience after 62 LGBP. Patients and method: from January 2004 to September-2006, we performed 62 consecutive laparoscopic gastric bypass (Wittgrove's technique. The gastrojejunal anastomosis is performed with auto suture material type CEAA No 21 termino-lateral (ILS, Ethicon. In 4 cases (6.45% was converted to laparotomy, perform the anastomosis in the same way. Monitoring has a range of 3-35 months, conducted in 61 patients because one patient died of pulmonary thromboembolism in the immediate postoperative period after reoperation, after two weeks of gastric bypass, by necrosis of a small fragment of the remnant gastric. In all patients with persistent feeding intolerance were performed barium transit and/or gastroscopy. When gastrojejunal stricture showed proceeded to endoscopic pneumatic dilation (recommending dilate the anastomosis to a maximum 1.5 cm. Results: five cases (8.1% developed a gastrojejunal stricture, in 4 of these cases the initial diagnosis was made by barium transit and in 1 case by endoscopy. Two patients had a history of digestive bleeding that required endoscopic sclerosis of the bleeding lesion (circumferentially sclerosis within 48 hours of surgery and sclerosis of bleeding points. All cases were resolved by endoscopic dilatation. At follow-up has not been detected re-stricture. Conclusion: Clinically, gastrojejunal stricture results in a progressive oral intolerance, revealing stenosis between 1 and 3 months postoperatively. The situations of sclerosis of the bleeding lesions favor, especially in cases of extensive sclerosis. In cases of suspected barium transit offers us a high diagnostic yield. Endoscopic dilatation resolved, so far, all cases.Objetivo: la estenosis de la anastomosis gastroyeyunal representa una

  1. Fat absorption after total gastrectomy in rats submitted to Roux-en-Y or Rosanov-like double-transit technique Absorção de gordura após gastrectomia total em ratos com reconstrução em Y de Roux e em duplo trânsito tipo Rosanov modificado

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gustavo Sevá-Pereira

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available PURPOSE: Steatorrhea is one of the most common complications in reconstruction after total gastrectomy. Many reconstruction techniques after total gastrectomy have been developed in order to avoid these undesirable effects, but each one of them has some inconvenience. In this experiment, a modified Rosanov technique that keeps duodenal transit, evaluation of fat absorption after gastrectomy was tested. METHODS: Three groups of rats with the same characteristics were used. Total gastrectomy was performed in two groups: one was operated on and transit was reestablished by the Roux-en-Y technique (group Y, while the other was submitted to the modified Rosanov technique (group R. Following surgery, a handmade hyper fatty diet (11% of fat was offered. A third group (control - group C was not operated but was submitted to the same conditions of the other groups, and used for reference steatocrit values. The animals underwent laparotomy 14 days after surgery and had their feces collected from cecum to determine their steatocrit by analysis of their values. RESULTS: Steatocrit values for groups R and C (mean 5.16% and 4.15% respectively were similar (p > 0.1, while group Y had significantly higher values (mean = 28.18%, p = 0.0001 - p OBJETIVO: Uma das principais complicações tardias da gastrectomia total com reconstrução de trânsito excluindo duodeno é a esteatorréia. Várias técnicas de reconstrução após gastrectomia total foram descritas para que se pudesse evitar esses efeitos indesejáveis, mas cada uma apresentou seus inconvenientes. Nesse estudo foi avaliada a técnica descrita por Rosanov com uma pequena modificação, que mantém o trânsito através do duodeno, para avaliar a absorção de gorduras. MÉTODOS: Foram utilizados três grupos de ratos Wistar machos, com peso e características semelhante. Dois grupos foram submetidos à gastrectomia total: o primeiro teve sua reconstrução com técnica de Y de Roux (grupo Y, e o

  2. The role of faecal diversion in low rectal cancer: a review of 1791 patients having rectal resection with anastomosis for cancer, with and without a proximal stoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nurkin, S; Kakarla, V R; Ruiz, D E; Cance, W G; Tiszenkel, H I

    2013-06-01

    The morbidity of anastomotic dehiscence may be mitigated by a defunctioning stoma, but it is unclear if it is required for most low rectal anastomoses. Preoperative risk factors leading to anastomotic complications and the indications for faecal diversion have yet to be clearly defined. Using the American College of Surgeons-National Surgical Quality Improvement Project (ACS-NSQIP) participant-use file, patients were identified who underwent low anterior resection with anastomosis for cancer at the 211 participating hospitals in 2005-08. A total of 1791 patients underwent low anterior resection. Patients were subdivided into two groups based on the level of the anastomosis. Of these 1266 patients had a low pelvic anastomosis (LPA) and 525 a coloanal anastomosis (CAA). In the LPA group, 606 patients had a stoma and 660 had no stoma. There were no differences in wound complications, sepsis or septic shock. Patients who had a stoma were more likely to have postoperative acute renal failure (1.7 vs 0.5%, P = 0.0485, OR 3.674). In the CAA group, 352 had a stoma and 173 had no stoma. In patients without faecal diversion, there was a significantly greater incidence of sepsis (8.7 vs 3.7%, P = 0.022, OR 2.47), septic shock (3.5 vs 0.57%, P = 0.018, OR 6.29) and need for reoperation (11 vs 1.7%, P = 0.0001, OR 7.11). Hospital length of stay was significantly longer with CAA and no stoma. On multivariate analysis, not having a stoma with a CAA was a risk factor for serious postoperative morbidity. While a defunctioning stoma with a coloanal anastomosis seems to protect from postoperative sepsis, septic shock and need for reoperation, it is likely that it is overused in rectal cancer surgery. Colorectal Disease © 2013 The Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland.

  3. Primary small bowel anastomosis in generalised peritonitis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    deGraaf, JS; van Goor, Harry; Bleichrodt, RP

    Objective: To find out if primary small bowel anastomosis of the bowel is safe in patients with generalised peritonitis who are treated by planned relaparotomies. Design: Retrospective study. Setting: University hospital, The Netherlands. Subjects. 10 Patients with generalised purulent peritonitis

  4. Robot-sewn ileoileal anastomosis during robot-assisted cystectomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loertzer, P; Siemer, S; Stöckle, M; Ohlmann, C H

    2018-03-02

    To analyze the feasibility and perioperative results of patients undergoing robot-assisted cystectomy with intracorporeal urinary diversion and robot-sewn ileoileal anastomosis. This is a mono-centric analysis of perioperative data from 48 consecutive patients undergoing robot-assisted cystectomy with intracorporeal urinary diversion and robot-sewn ileoileal anastomosis. Data include the preoperative variables, operative and postoperative course and complication rates related to bowel anastomosis. End points were time spent for anastomosis and intra- and postoperative complication rates. Median operating time was 23.0 (13-60) min for the ileoileal anastomosis. Median overall operating time was 295 (200-780) min, with a median of 282 (200-418) min and 414.0 (225-780) min for the ileum conduit (N = 35) and ileal neobladder (N = 13). Two patients developed paralytic ileus; in another patient acute peritonitis occurred, but was caused by urinary leakage and therefore unrelated to the bowel anastomosis. No anastomotic leakage was noticed. Costs for the robot-sewn anastomosis was 8€ compared to 1250€ for a stapled anastomosis which was performed in previous cases. Limitations are the non-comparative nature of the analysis and the limited number of patients. Robot-sewn ileoileal anastomosis is feasible with low complication rates. Compared to the stapled anastomosis, a robot-sewn ileoileal anastomosis may serve as an alternative and cost-saving approach.

  5. The effect of lymphatico-venous anastomosis for an intractable ulcer at the lower leg in a marked obese patient.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mihara, Makoto; Hara, Hisako; Todokoro, Takeshi; Seki, Yukio; Iida, Takuya; Koshima, Isao; Murai, Noriyuki

    2014-01-01

    Secondary lymphedema occurs after trauma, cancer surgery, or obesity, and wounds in lymphedema can easily become intractable. We report positive results using lymphatico-venous anastomosis (LVA) to treat a post-traumatic lymph fistula and an intractable ulcer in a severely obese patient. A 41-year-old male (BMI 51.8), one year prior, had a traffic injury, and had an 18-cm contusion in his right leg. Six months later, lymph leakage in a 14 cm × 8 cm region and a 5 cm × 3 cm skin ulcer occurred in the center of the wound. We made a diagnosis of lymphedema resulting from obesity, accompanied with lymphorrhea and intractable ulcer. He was unable to reach his legs owing to obesity, making complex physical therapy impossible. We performed LVA under local anesthesia. The lymphorrhea healed 2 weeks after the operation and had not recurred 3 months after the operation. The leg lymphedema improved after the surgery without the compression therapy. In cases of intractable ulcers, suspected of being caused by lymphostasis, treatments indicated for lymphedema, for example LVA, may possibly allow satisfactory wound healing. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Microsurgery 34:64-67, 2014. © 2013 The Authors. Microsurgery Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  6. Dynamic CT and MRA findings of a case of portopulmonary venous anastomosis (PPVA) in a patient with portal hypertension: a case report and review of the literature

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ko, Jeong Min; Ahn, Myeong Im; Han, Dae Hee; Jung, Jung Im; Park, Seog Hee (Dept. of Radiology, Seoul St Mary' s Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic Univ. of Korea, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)), email: ami@catholic.ac.kr

    2011-06-15

    Portopulmonary venous anastomosis (PPVA), which has been rarely reported in conventional CT and MR studies, is an unusual collateral pathway in patients with portal hypertension. It has clinical implications related to right-to-left shunt that are different from the clinical implications related to other more usual portosystemic shunts in portal hypertensive patients. Here, we report the dynamic CT and MRA findings of a case of PPVA in a patient with portal hypertension, directly demonstrating the shunt flow from the paraesophageal varix to the left atrium via the right inferior pulmonary vein

  7. Bowel Resection and Ileotransverse Anastomosis as Preferred Therapy for 15 Typhoid Ileal Perforations and Severe Peritoneal Contamination in a Very Elderly Patient

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Benjamin Momo Kadia

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Typhoid ileal perforation (TIP is the most lethal complication of typhoid fever. Although TIP is a surgical emergency by consensus, there is still much controversy regarding the most appropriate surgical approach to be used. Bowel exteriorization and secondary closure are usually recommended for patients presenting late with multiple TIPs and heavy peritoneal soiling. We, however, discuss a unique case of an 86-year-old patient with 15 typhoid ileal perforations successfully treated with one-step surgery comprising bowel resection and ileotransverse anastomosis in a resource-constrained setting of Cameroon.

  8. Crohn's disease with ankylosing spondylitis in an adolescent patient who had undergone long ileo-colonic anastomosis for Hirschsprung's disease as an infant

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ha Yeon Kim

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Crohn's disease (CD is a chronic, idiopathic, inflammatory disorder of the gastrointestinal tract. In rare cases, CD has been associated with Hirschsprung's disease (HD; however, the underlying pathophysiology of this and other comorbidities is not yet fully understood. In this report, we describe the case of a 17-year-old patient who was diagnosed with both CD and ankylosing spondylitis (AS, having undergone a long ileo-colonic anastomosis to treat HD at 12 months of age. To our knowledge, this is the first documented case of CD combined with AS in a patient with HD.

  9. Patent blue dye in lymphaticovenular anastomosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yap, Yan Lin; Lim, Jane; Shim, Timothy W H; Naidu, Shenthilkumar; Ong, Wei Chen; Lim, Thiam Chye

    2009-08-01

    Lymphaticovenular anastomosis (LVA) has been described as a treatment of chronic lymphoedema. This microsurgical technique is new and technically difficult. The small caliber and thin wall lymphatic vessels are difficult to identify and easily destroyed during the dissection. We describe a technique of performing lymphaticovenular anastomosis with patent blue dye enhancement. Our patient is a 50-year-old lady who suffers from chronic lymphoedema of the upper limb after mastectomy and axillary clearance for breast cancer 8 years ago. Patent blue dye is injected subdermally and is taken up readily by the draining lymphatic channels. This allows for easy identification of their course. The visualisation of the lumen of the lymphatic vessel facilitates microsurgical anastomosis. The patency of the anastomosis is also demonstrated by the dynamic pumping action of the lymphatic within the vessels. Patent blue dye staining during lymphaticovenular anastomosis is a simple, effective and safe method for mapping suitable subdermal lymphatics, allowing for speedier dissection of the lymphatic vessels intraoperatively. This technique also helps in the confirmation of the success of the lymphaticovenular anastomosis.

  10. Morbidity Following Coloanal Anastomosis: A Comparison of Colonic J-Pouch vs Straight Anastomosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Shaun; Margolin, David A; Altom, Laura K; Green, Heather; Beck, David E; Kann, Brian R; Whitlow, Charles B; Vargas, Herschel David

    2018-02-01

    Low rectal tumors are often treated with sphincter-preserving resection followed by coloanal anastomosis. The purpose of this study was to compare the short-term complications following straight coloanal anastomosis vs colonic J-pouch anal anastomosis. Patients were identified who underwent proctectomy for rectal neoplasia followed by coloanal anastomosis in the 2008 to 2013 American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database. Demographic characteristics and 30-day postoperative complications were compared between groups. A national sample was extracted from the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Project database. Inpatients following proctectomy and coloanal anastomosis for rectal cancer were selected. Demographic characteristics and 30-day postoperative complications were compared between the 2 groups. One thousand three hundred seventy patients were included, 624 in the straight anastomosis group and 746 in the colonic J-pouch group. Preoperative characteristics were similar between groups, with the exception of preoperative radiation therapy (straight anastomosis 35% vs colonic J-pouch 48%, p = 0.0004). Univariate analysis demonstrated that deep surgical site infection (3.7% vs 1.4%, p = 0.01), septic shock (2.25% vs 0.8%, p = 0.04), and return to the operating room (8.8% vs 5.0%, p = 0.0006) were more frequent in the straight anastomosis group vs the colonic J-pouch group. Major complications were also higher (23% vs 14%, p = 0.0001) and length of stay was longer in the straight anastomosis group vs the colonic J-pouch group (8.9 days vs 8.1 days, p = 0.02). After adjusting for covariates, major complications were less following colonic J-pouch vs straight anastomosis (OR, 0.57; CI, 0.38-0.84; p = 0.005). Subgroup analysis of patients who received preoperative radiation therapy demonstrated no difference in major complications between groups. This study had those limitations inherent to a

  11. Pushing the envelope: laparoscopy and primary anastomosis are technically feasible in stable patients with Hinchey IV perforated acute diverticulitis and gross faeculent peritonitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Di Saverio, Salomone; Vennix, Sandra; Birindelli, Arianna; Weber, Dieter; Lombardi, Raffaele; Mandrioli, Matteo; Tarasconi, Antonio; Bemelman, Willem A

    2016-12-01

    Modern management of severe acute complicated diverticulitis continues to evolve towards more conservative and minimally invasive strategies. Although open sigmoid colectomy with end colostomy remains the most commonly used procedure for the treatment of perforated diverticulitis with purulent/faeculent peritonitis, recent major advances challenged this traditional approach, including the increasing attitude towards primary anastomosis as an alternative to end colostomy and use of laparoscopic approach for urgent colectomy. Provided an accurate patients selection, having the necessary haemodynamic stability, pneumoperitoneum is established with open Hasson technique and diagnostic laparoscopy is performed. If faeculent peritonitis (Hinchey IV perforated diverticulitis) is found, laparoscopy can be continued and a further three working ports are placed using bladeless trocars, as in traditional laparoscopic sigmoidectomy, with the addition of fourth trocar in left flank. The feacal matter is aspirated either with large-size suction devices or, in case of free solid stools, these can be removed with novel application of tight sealing endobags, which can be used for scooping the feacal content out and for its protected retrieval. After decontamination, a sigmoid colectomy is performed in the traditional laparoscopic fashion. The sigmoid is fully mobilised from the retroperitoneum, and mesocolon is divided up to the origin of left colic vessels. Whenever mesentery has extremely inflamed and thickened oedematous tissues, an endostapler with vascular load can be used to avoid vascular selective ligatures. Splenic flexure should be appropriately mobilised. The specimen is extracted through mini-Pfannenstiel incision with muscle splitting technique. Transanal colo-rectal anastomosis is fashioned. Air-leak test must be performed and drains placed where appropriate. The video shows operative technique for a single-stage, entirely laparoscopic, washout and sigmoid colectomy

  12. False urethral anastomosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M Kumar Prabhu

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available We present images of three cases with false urethral anastomosis following urethroplasty. The likely causes are inadequate posterior urethral dissection and blind use of Hey Grove dilator. We recommend use of antegrade flexible cystoscopy to prevent this complication.

  13. Mood disorders in laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy patients: does it affect early weight loss?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Semanscin-Doerr, Debra A; Windover, Amy; Ashton, Kathleen; Heinberg, Leslie J

    2010-03-04

    Research has demonstrated that laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass patients with a lifetime history of a mood disorder have a lower percentage of excess weight loss (%EWL) compared with patients without this lifetime history. No studies have examined the effect of psychiatric history on postoperative outcomes among laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) patients. The objectives of the present study were to determine whether mood disorders relate to the first year of weight loss for patients undergoing LSG at an academic medical center. A total of 104 patients (78.6% white and 71.2% women), with a median body mass index of 60.35 kg/m(2) (range 31.37-129.14) underwent LSG. The patients were prospectively followed up at 1, 3, 6, 9, and 12 months. The semistructured preoperative psychiatric evaluations demonstrated that 43.1% had a current, and 62.5% a lifetime, diagnosis of a mood disorder. LSG patients with current mood disorders had a significantly lower %EWL than patients without a psychiatric diagnosis at the 1-, 3-, 6-, and 9-month follow-up visits. LSG patients with a lifetime history of a mood disorder had a significantly lower %EWL than patients without psychiatric diagnosis at the 1-, 9-, and 12-month follow-up examinations. However, after removing patients with bipolar disorder from the analyses, no significant differences were found in the %EWL between patients with and without a lifetime history of depressive disorders. Consistent with the laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass findings, a lifetime history of mood disorders appears to be associated with significantly less weight loss in LSG patients. These findings highlight the importance of the psychiatric assessment in bariatric patients. Additionally, patients with a current or lifetime history of mood disorders might need additional pre- and postoperative care to improve their outcomes. Copyright 2010 American Society for Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  14. Hypocalcemia after thyroidectomy in patients with a history of bariatric surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chereau, Nathalie; Vuillermet, Cindy; Tilly, Camille; Buffet, Camille; Trésallet, Christophe; du Montcel, Sophie Tezenas; Menegaux, Fabrice

    2017-03-01

    Hypocalcemia is a common complication after total thyroidectomy. Previous bariatric surgery could be a higher factor risk for hypocalcemia due to alterations in calcium absorption and vitamin D deficiency. To evaluate incidence and factors involved in the risk of hypocalcemia (transient and permanent) and the postoperative outcomes of these patients after total thyroidectomy. University hospital in Paris, France. All patients who had previously undergone obesity surgery (i.e., Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, sleeve gastrectomy, or adjustable gastric band) who had a total thyroidectomy from 2006 to 2015 were included. No patient was lost to follow-up. Each patient was matched 1:1 with a patient who had no previous bariatric surgery for age, gender, body mass index, and year of surgery. Forty-eight patients were identified (43 female; mean age 48.9±9.2 yr). Nineteen patients (40%) had a postoperative hypocalcemia: transient in 14 patients (29.2%) and permanent in 5 patients (10.4%). No significant predictive clinical or biochemical factors were found for hypocalcemia risk, except for the type of bariatric procedure: Bypass surgery had a 2-fold increased risk of hypocalcemia compared to others procedures (60% versus 30%, P = .05). In the matched pair analysis, the risk of hypocalcemia was significantly higher in patients with previous bariatric surgery than in the matched cohort (40% versus 15%, P = .006). Patients with previous bariatric surgery have an increased risk for hypocalcemia after total thyroidectomy, especially after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. Careful and prolonged follow-up of calcium, vitamin D, and parathyroid hormone levels should be suggested for these patients. Copyright © 2017 American Society for Bariatric Surgery. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  15. Long-term Follow-up After Ileorectal Anastomosis for Ulcerative Colitis: A GETAID/GETAID Chirurgie Multicenter Retrospective Cohort of 343 Patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uzzan, Mathieu; Cosnes, Jacques; Amiot, Aurélien; Gornet, Jean-Marc; Seksik, Philippe; Cotte, Eddy; Tiret, Emmanuel; Panis, Yves; Treton, Xavier

    2017-12-01

    To determine the cumulative incidence and the prognostic factors of ileorectal anastomosis (IRA) failure after colectomy for ulcerative colitis (UC). Although ileal pouch-anal anastomosis is recommended after colectomy for UC, IRA is still performed. This was a multicenter retrospective cohort study, which included patients with IRA for UC performed between 1960 and 2014. IRA failure was defined as secondary proctectomy and/or rectal cancer occurrence. Uni- and multivariate survival analyses were performed using Cox-proportional hazards models. A total of 343 patients from 13 French centers were included. Median follow up after IRA was 10.6 years. IRA failure rates were estimated at 27.0% (95% confidence interval, CI, 22-32) and 40.0% (95% CI 33-47) at 10 and 20 years, respectively. Median survival time without IRA failure was estimated at 26.8 years. Two thirds of secondary proctectomies were performed for refractory proctitis, and 20% for rectal neoplasia. Univariate analysis identified factors associated with IRA failure: IRA performed after 2005, a longer duration of disease at the time of IRA, indication for colectomy and having received immunomodulative agents before IRA. In multivariate analysis, treatment with both immunosuppressant (IS) and anti-TNF before colectomy was independently associated with IRA failure (HR=2.9, 95% CI 1.2-7.1). Conversely, colectomy for severe acute colitis was associated with decreased risk of IRA failure (HR=0.6, 95% CI 0.4-0.97). Patients with UC have a high risk of IRA failure, particularly when colectomy is performed for refractory disease. However, IRA could be discussed after colectomy for severe acute colitis, or in patients naive to IS and anti-TNF.

  16. Intraabdominal abscess related fungaemia caused by Rhodotorula glutinis in a non-neutropenic cancer patient.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diktas, H; Gulec, B; Baylan, O; Oncul, O; Turhan, V; Acar, A; Gorenek, L

    2013-01-01

    Rhodotorula glutinis is a rare fungal infection that is especially observed in immune-compromised patients. It is common in the skin, faeces, nails, sputum, gastrointestinal system and adenoid tissue. However, the incidence of Rhodotorula glutinis is increased in both local and systemic infections in recent years. Presented here is a case of Rhodotorula glutinis fungaemia that isolated from subhepatic abscess formation and blood in a patient who was operated with Roux-en-Y technique due to gastric adenocarcinoma. Fungal sepsis is an important cause of fever resistant to antibiotic therapy that is often taken into marginal account. It should instead be particularly considered in patients with a history of intraabdominal surgery and non-neutropenic cancer patients. The case described illustrates an episode of systemic infection by Rhodotorula glutinis, correlated with the presence of intraabdominal abscess and without central venous catheters. This is the first case of fungaemia by Rhodotorula glutinis with an intraabdominal abscess source reported from Turkey.

  17. The psychological profile of bariatric patients with and without type 2 diabetes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wimmelmann, Cathrine L; Smith, Evelyn; Lund, Michael T

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Some bariatric patients are referred for surgery with a diagnosis of type 2 diabetes while others are referred without co-morbid diabetes, but psychological differences between patients with and without type 2 diabetes undergoing bariatric surgery have not yet been investigated....... The objective of this study was to present the baseline results of the longitudinal GASMITO-PSYC study, and to evaluate the psychological differences between bariatric patients with and without type 2 diabetes. METHODS: A total of 129 Roux-en- Y gastric bypass patients were recruited from the bariatric clinic...... at a hospital in the suburban Copenhagen area. Participants answered questionnaires concerning personality, mental symptoms, health-related quality of life (HRQOL), body image, lifestyle, and physical health including diabetes status on average 11 weeks before surgery. Questionnaires were either sent...

  18. Quality of life after subtotal gastrectomy for gastric cancer: Does restoration method matter? – A retrospective cohort study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edgaras Smolskas

    2015-12-01

    Conclusions: The best QoL scores were obtained from the patients who underwent the Billroth I surgery. The Roux-en-Y method was better than the Balfour method 6–12 months after surgery. However, the Balfour method was better than the Roux-en-Y after one year. Further prospective randomized controlled trials are needed.

  19. Laparoscopic Gastrectomy and Transvaginal Specimen Extraction in a Morbidly Obese Patient with Gastric Cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sumer, Fatih; Kayaalp, Cuneyt; Karagul, Servet

    2016-03-01

    Laparoscopic gastrectomy for cancer has some significant postoperative benefits over open surgery with similar oncologic outcomes. This procedure is more popular in the Far East countries where obesity is not a serious public health problem. In the Western countries, laparoscopic gastrectomy for cancer is not a common procedure, yet obesity is more common. Herein, we aimed to demonstrate the feasibility of laparoscopic gastrectomy for advanced gastric cancer in a morbidly obese patient. Additionally, we used natural orifice specimen extraction as an option to decrease wound-related complications, which are more prevalent in morbidly obese patients. In this case, we performed a fully laparoscopic subtotal gastrectomy with lymph node dissection and Roux-en-Y gastrojejunostomy with the specimen extracted through the vagina. To the best of our knowledge, this was the first report of a natural orifice surgery in a morbidly obese patient with gastric cancer.

  20. Evaluation of eating habits and lifestyle in patients with obesity before and after bariatric surgery: a single Italian center experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cena, Hellas; De Giuseppe, Rachele; Biino, Ginevra; Persico, Francesca; Ciliberto, Ambra; Giovanelli, Alessandro; Stanford, Fatima Cody

    2016-01-01

    The study evaluated and compared the eating habits and lifestyle of patients with moderate to severe obesity who have undergone Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass (RYGB) and Sleeve Gastrectomy (SG). Food frequency (FF), food habits (FH), physical activity and life style (PA) as well as smoking habits (SH) were analyzed in 50 RYGB (25 M; aged: 24-64) and 50 SG patients (25 M; aged: 22-63) by means of a validated questionnaire, before (T0) and 6 months (T1) post bariatric surgery. A score for each section (FF, FH, PA, SH) was calculated. ANOVA analysis (age/sex adjusted): FF and FH scores improved at T1 (RYGB and SG: p habits improved, patients did not change their physical activity level or their smoking habits. Patients should receive adequate lifestyle counseling to ensure the maximal benefit from bariatric surgery.

  1. Expanded indications for bariatric surgery: should patients on chronic steroids be offered bariatric procedures?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaplan, Jennifer A; Schecter, Samuel C; Rogers, Stanley J; Lin, Matthew Y C; Posselt, Andrew M; Carter, Jonathan T

    2017-01-01

    Patients who take chronic corticosteroids are increasingly referred for bariatric surgery. Little is known about their clinical outcomes. Determine whether chronic steroid use is associated with increased morbidity and mortality after stapled bariatric procedures. American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS-NSQIP) database. All patients who underwent laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy or laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass and were reported to the ACS-NSQIP from 2011 to 2013 were reviewed. Patients were grouped based on type of surgery and history of chronic steroid use. Primary outcome measures were mortality and serious morbidity in the first 30 days. Regression analyses were used to determine predictors of outcome. Of 23,798 patients who underwent laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy and 38,184 who underwent Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, 385 (1.6%) and 430 (1.1%), respectively, were on chronic steroids. Patients on chronic steroids had a 3.4 times increased likelihood of dying within 30 days (95% confidence interval 1.4-8.1, P = .007), and 2-fold increased odds of serious complications (95% confidence interval 1.2-2.3, P = .008), regardless of surgery type. In multivariate regression, steroid usage remained an independent predictor of mortality and serious complications. In a large, nationally representative patient database, steroid use independently predicted mortality and serious postoperative complications after stapled bariatric procedures. Surgeons should be cautious about offering stapled bariatric procedures to patients on chronic steroids. Copyright © 2017 American Society for Bariatric Surgery. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  2. Neurological function of the puborectalis muscle in patients with or without soiling after ileal J-pouch-anal anastomosis for ulcerative colitis in childhood.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tomita, Ryouichi

    2014-11-01

    To clarify the puborectalis muscle (PM) function in pediatric patients with soiling after ileal J-pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA) for ulcerative colitis, the author examined the neurological functions of the PM. Twelve patients 3 months after IPAA were studied (average age 13.6 years). Five patients showed soiling every day (group A1) and 7 patients showed soiling 2 to 3 days per week (Group A2). All patients 1.5 years after IPAA showed continence (group B). Twenty subjects served as a control (Group C; average age 13.5 years). Right, left and posterior sides of the sacral nerve terminal motor latency (SNTML) were measured by magnetic stimulation. On the right, left and posterior sides, patients in group A1 exhibited significant prolongation of the SNTML compared with patients in groups A2, B and C (P<.05 each). Group A2 exhibited significant prolongation compared with groups B and C (P<.05 each). There were no significant differences of the SNTML between right and left sides, between right and posterior sides and between left and posterior sides in groups A1, A2, B and C. The SNTML of the PM demonstrates significant latency in those children who have early post-IPAA soilage. The neurological function of the PM potentially injured during an operation may recover, and correlates with normalization of continence. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  3. Severe protein malnutrition in a morbidly obese patient after bariatric surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martins, Tatiana de Castro Pereira; Duarte, Thaís Castro; Mosca, Etelvina Rocha Tolentino; Pinheiro, Conceição de Fátima; Marçola, Maria Alzira; De-Souza, Daurea Abadia

    2015-03-01

    The aim of this study was to describe the clinical course of a morbidly obese patient who underwent Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery and, in the late postoperative period, presented the expected loss of weight, but also presented severe protein malnutrition (PM). A patient with morbid obesity, who in March 2012, presented PM (serum albumin = 2.4 g/dL) 2 y after the completion of RYGB surgery (loss of 52.7% of usual body weight). During the hospitalization, the patient received partial volumes of commercial semi-elemental, high-protein, low-fat diet by tube feeding with gastric positioning, associated with an oral low-fat, low-sodium, and bland-consistency diet. The patient presented a temporary clinical improvement, however, outpatient monitoring identified the need for subsequent hospitalizations due to the recurrence of severe hypoalbuminemia (e.g., 1.39 g/dL), anasarca (increase of 15 kg in 79 d), and normocytic and normochromic anemia (e.g., hemoglobin 9.2 g/dL). In July 2013 the RYGB partial reversal technique was performed with a reduction of 100 cm in the Roux-en-Y arm. Seventy days after surgery, the patient was asymptomatic (albumin 3.7 g/dL), however, she presented rapid and progressive recovery of the body weight (increase of 10.3 kg in 60 d, without edema). The effective treatment of morbid obesity is still a major challenge in clinical practice. Restrictive, malabsorptive bariatric techniques are associated with nutritional deficiencies. Severe PM is rarely reported as a late postoperative complication of RYGB, however, due to the serious consequences associated with this, it requires early diagnosis and treatment. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  4. The relationship between method of anastomosis and anastomotic failure after right hemicolectomy and ileo-caecal resection

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Laurberg, Søren

    2017-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Anastomosis technique following right sided colonic resection is widely variable and may affect patient outcomes. This study aimed to assess the association between leak and anastomosis technique (stapled versus handsewn) METHODS: This was a prospective, multicentre, international audit...

  5. [Chronic polyps in the stomach and jejunum in a patient with familial adenomatous polyposis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Tomás, Jorge; Al Lal, Yusef; Pérez Díaz, M Dolores; Sanz, Mercedes

    2011-12-01

    The management of extracolonic gastrointestinal polyps is controversial in patients with familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP). The treatment of adenomatous polyps with severe dysplasia in the stomach through wide gastric resections can hamper subsequent surveillance of the development of new polyps in the duodenal-jejunal area. We report the exceptional case of a 45-year-old man with FAP who developed two synchronic adenomatous polyps, with severe dysplasia. The first was located in the gastric antrum and the second in the proximal jejunum. Given the preoperative diagnosis of gastric neoplasm with invasion of the gastric wall (T(2)N(0)), subtotal Roux-en-Y gastrectomy and resection of the proximal jejunal segment were performed. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier España, S.L. All rights reserved.

  6. Patients with neuroglycopenia after gastric bypass surgery have exaggerated incretin and insulin secretory responses to a mixed meal

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Goldfine, A B; Mun, E C; Devine, E

    2007-01-01

    CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia is newly recognized as a rare but important complication after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (GB). The etiology of the syndrome and metabolic characteristics remain incompletely understood. Recent studies suggest that levels of incretin hormones...... are increased after GB and may promote excessive beta-cell function and/or growth. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional analysis of metabolic variables, in both the fasting state and after a liquid mixed-meal challenge, in four subject groups: 1) with clinically significant hypoglycemia...... [neuroglycopenia (NG)] after GB surgery, 2) with no symptoms of hypoglycemia at similar duration after GB surgery, 3) without GB similar to preoperative body mass index of the surgical cohorts, and 4) without GB similar to current body mass index of the surgical cohorts. RESULTS: Insulin and C-peptide after...

  7. Both Preoperative pANCA and Anti-CBir1 Expression in Ulcerative Colitis Patients Influence Pouchitis Development after Ileal Pouch-Anal Anastomosis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fleshner, Phillip; Ippoliti, Andrew; Dubinsky, Marla; Vasiliauskas, Eric; Mei, Ling; Papadakis, Konstantinos A.; Rotter, Jerome; Landers, Carol; Targan, Stephan

    2009-01-01

    BACKGROUND AND AIMS Acute pouchitis (AP) and chronic pouchitis (CP) are common after ileal pouch-anal anastomosis for ulcerative colitis. The aim of this study was to assess associations of preoperative pANCA (perinuclear antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody) and anti-CBir1 flagellin on AP or CP development. METHODS Patients were prospectively assessed for clinically and endoscopically proven AP (antibiotic responsive) or CP (antibiotic dependent or refractory to antibiotic therapy). Sera from 238 patients were analyzed for ANCA and anti-CBir1 using ELISA. pANCA+ patients were substratified into high-level (>100 EU/ml) and low-level (<100 EU/ml) groups. RESULTS After a median followup of 47 months, 72 patients (30%) developed pouchitis. Pouchitis developed in 36% of pANCA+ patients vs. 16% of pANCA- patients (p=0.005), 46% of anti-CBir1+ patients vs. 26% of anti-CBir1- patients (p=0.02), and 54% of 35 pANCA+/anti-CBir1+ patients vs. 31% of 136 pANCA+/anti-CBir1- patients (p=0.02). AP developed in 37 pANCA+ patients (22%) vs. 6 pANCA- patients (9%) (p=0.02), and 12 anti-CBir1+ patients (26%) vs. 31 anti-CBir1- patients (16%) (p=0.1). Although AP was not influenced by pANCA level, AP was seen in 38% of low-level pANCA+/anti-CBir1+ patients vs. 18% low-level pANCA+/anti-CBir1- patients (p=0.03). CP was seen in 29% of high-level pANCA+ patients vs.11% of low-level pANCA+ patients (p=0.03). CONCLUSION Both pANCA and anti-CBir1 expression are associated with pouchitis after IPAA. Anti-CBir1 increases the incidence of AP only in patients who have low-level pANCA expression, and increases the incidence of CP only in patients who have high-level pANCA expression. Diverse patterns of reactivity to microbial antigens may manifest as different forms of pouchitis after IPAA. PMID:18378498

  8. [Hemi-hypoglossal-facial intratemporal side to side anastomosis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lassaletta, Luis; González, Teresa; Casas, Pablo; Roda, José María; Moraleda, Susana; Gavilán, Javier

    2008-03-01

    Conventional hypoglossal-facial anastomosis and the interposition jump graft variation are the most popular techniques for facial nerve reconstruction resulting from proximal facial nerve injury. We present a modification of this technique, the hemi-hypoglossal facial intratemporal side to side anastomosis, which overcomes many of the failings of previous techniques. The method involves mobilization of the intratemporal facial nerve, which is anastomosed to a partially incised hypoglossal nerve. It is especially indicated in patients with multiple cranial nerve palsies.

  9. Experience in using the excimer laser-assisted nonocclusive anastomosis nonocclusive bypass technique for high-flow revascularization: Mannheim-Helsinki series of 64 patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vajkoczy, Peter; Korja, Miikka; Czabanka, Marcus; Schneider, Ulf C; Reinert, Michael; Lehecka, Martin; Schmiedek, Peter; Hernesniemi, Juha; Kivipelto, Leena

    2012-01-01

    The excimer laser-assisted nonocclusive anastomosis (ELANA) technique enables large-caliber bypass revascularization without temporary occlusion of the parent artery. To present the surgical experience of 2 bypass centers using ELANA in the treatment of complex intracranial lesions. Between July 2002 and December 2007, 64 consecutive patients (37 in Germany and 27 in Finland) were selected for high-flow bypass surgery with ELANA. Modified Rankin Scale, a bypass success rate, and the success rate of the laser arteriotomy were assessed. In 66 surgeries for 64 intent-to-treat patients, 58 ELANA procedures were completed successfully. A favorable outcome (postoperative modified Rankin Scale score less than or equal to preoperative modified Rankin Scale) at 3 months was achieved in 43 of 56 patients (77%) with anterior circulation lesions (37 of the 43 patients had aneurysms, 4 had ischemia, and 2 received a bypass before tumor removal) and only in 2 of 8 patients (25%) with posterior circulation aneurysms. Perioperative (< 7 days) mortality for anterior and posterior circulation aneurysms was 6% and 50%, respectively. At the 3-month follow-up, 12% and 63% of patients with anterior and posterior circulation aneurysms, respectively, were dead. The success rate of the laser arteriotomy was 70%. Another 14% were retrieved manually after a nearly complete laser arteriotomy. The ELANA procedure requires a meticulous and careful operative technique. Morbidity and especially mortality rates, usually unrelated to ELANA, are comparable to those of contemporary series of conventional high-flow revascularization operations. This underscores the overall complexity of treating neurovascular pathologies by high-flow bypasses.

  10. Nutrient Transporter Expression in the Jejunum in Relation to Body Mass Index in Patients Undergoing Bariatric Surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brian A. Irving

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Nutrient tranters (NT facilitate nutrient absorption and contribute to the regulation of circulating nutrients. In this cross-sectional study, we determined the associations between the level of obesity; mRNA abundance for NTs; and serum concentrations of amino acids, short-chain fatty acids, and glucose in patients with morbid obesity undergoing a Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. Proximal jejunal samples were obtained at the time of surgery from 42 patients (90% female, age = 42.6 ± 11.9 years, pre-operative body mass index (BMI = 55.5 ± 11.3 kg/m2 undergoing a Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. RNA was extracted from the jejunal mucosa and quantitative real-time–PCR was performed for the NTs studied. BMI negatively correlated with jejunal mRNA abundance of the amino acid NTs TauT (r = −0.625, p < 0.0001, ASCT2 (r = −0.320, p = 0.039, LAT1 (r = −0.304, p = 0.05. BMI positively correlated with jejunal mRNA abundance of the lactate/short-chain fatty acid NT SMCT1 (r = 0.543, p = 0.0002. Serum concentrations of the short-chain fatty acids, butyric, valeric, and isocaproic acid correlated positively with BMI (n = 30 (r = 0.45, r = 0.44, r = 0.36, p ≤ 0.05; respectively. Lower jejunal mRNA abundance for the amino acid NTs TauT, ASCT2, and LAT1 could protect against further obesity-related elevations in circulating amino acids. The positive correlation between BMI and the jejunal mRNA abundance of the high-affinity short-chain fatty acid/monocarboxylate transporter SMCT1 is intriguing and requires further investigation.

  11. Usefulness of continuous suture using short-thread double-armed micro-suture for cerebral vascular anastomosis

    OpenAIRE

    Sei Haga; Shinji Nagata

    2014-01-01

    Background: When microvascular anastomosis is performed in a deep, narrow operating field, securing space to throw knots is difficult. To simplify the procedure and avoid obstruction of the anastomosis, we use a continuous suturing with short-thread double-armed micro-suture. Methods: Sixty-four patients (38 cerebral revasculazation, 16 moyamoya disease, and 10 aneurysm surgery) undergoing microvaucular anastomosis were included. During anastomosis, a continuous suture was placed with sho...

  12. The usefulness of the ivy sign on fluid-attenuated intensity recovery images in improved brain hemodynamic changes after superficial temporal artery-middle cerebral artery anastomosis in adult patients with moyamoya disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Jung Keun; Yoon, Byul Hee; Chung, Seung Young; Park, Moon Sun; Kim, Seong Min; Lee, Do Sung

    2013-10-01

    MR perfusion and single photon emission computerized tomography (SPECT) are well known imaging studies to evaluate hemodynamic change between prior to and following superficial temporal artery (STA)-middle cerebral artery (MCA) anastomosis in moyamoya disease. But their side effects and invasiveness make discomfort to patients. We evaluated the ivy sign on MR fluid attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) images in adult patients with moyamoya disease and compared it with result of SPECT and MR perfusion images. We enrolled twelve patients (thirteen cases) who were diagnosed with moyamoya disease and underwent STA-MCA anastomosis at our medical institution during a period ranging from September of 2010 to December of 2012. The presence of the ivy sign on MR FLAIR images was classified as Negative (0), Minimal (1), and Positive (2). Regions were classified into four territories: the anterior cerebral artery (ACA), the anterior MCA, the posterior MCA and the posterior cerebral artery. Ivy signs on preoperative and postoperative MR FLAIR were improved (8 and 4 in the ACA regions, 13 and 4 in the anterior MCA regions and 19 and 9 in the posterior MCA regions). Like this result, the cerebrovascular reserve (CVR) on SPECT was significantly increased in the sum of CVR in same regions after STA-MCA anastomosis. After STA-MCA anastomosis, ivy signs were decreased in the cerebral hemisphere. As compared with conventional diagnostic modalities such as SPECT and MR perfusion images, the ivy sign on MR FLAIR is considered as a useful indicator in detecting brain hemodynamic changes between preoperatively and postoperatively in adult moyamoya patients.

  13. Perioperative topical nitrate and sphincter function in patients undergoing transanal stapled anastomosis: a randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blinded trial.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Winter, D C

    2012-02-03

    PURPOSE: The use of transanal stapling devices may impair continence because of digital dilatation and\\/or instrumentation. This study assessed the effect of pharmacological dilatation of the sphincter prior to stapler insertion. METHODS: A randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blinded study of 60 patients undergoing transanal stapled anastomosis was undertaken. Consenting patients were randomly assigned to receive a single intraoperative dose of topical 0.2 percent nitroglycerin (glyceryl trinitrate) ointment or nitroglycerin-free placebo. All patients were assessed preoperatively and postoperatively by clinical methods (Wexner incontinence scores and examination), anorectal manometry by a station pull-through technique, and endoanal ultrasonography. RESULTS: Intraoperative mean (+\\/-SEM) resting pressures (mmHg) were significantly reduced by nitroglycerin compared with prenitroglycerin levels (9.9 +\\/- 0.9 vs. 50.5 +\\/- 2.7; P = 0.002) or controls (56.0 +\\/- 3.2; P = 0.001). Twenty-one of the 28 controls (75 percent) but only 4 of the 32 patients in the nitroglycerin group (12.5 percent) required digital dilatation to insert the stapling instrument ( P = 0.003). Squeeze pressures were unaltered by the intervention but mean resting pressures were higher in the nitroglycerin group postoperatively (52.9 +\\/- 3.2 - 31.6 +\\/- 1.3 = 21.3 mmHg; 95 percent confidence interval, 14-27). Incontinence scores were lower in the nitroglycerin group at the 3-month (1.1 +\\/- 0.2 vs. 4.6 +\\/- 0.3; P = 0.003) and 12-month (0.9 +\\/- 0.1 vs. 4.4 +\\/- 0.3; P = 0.002) clinic visits. CONCLUSION: Preoperative nitroglycerin dilatation protects sphincter function in patients undergoing transanal stapled anastomoses.

  14. Studies on pudendal nerve terminal motor latency in patients after ileal J-pouch-anal anastomosis for ulcerative colitis and adenomatous coli in childhood.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tomita, Ryouichi; Igarashi, Seigo; Koshinaga, Tugumichi; Fujisaki, Shigeru; Kusafuka, Takeshi

    2009-01-01

    To clarify the neurological function with respect to external anal sphincter (EAS) muscles in child patients with or without soiling after ileal J pouch anal anastomosis (IPAA), we examined the terminal motor latency in the pudendal motor nerves (PNTML). A total of nine patients after IPAA for UC (7 cases) and AC (2 cases) were studied (6 males and 3 females, 10 to 15 with a mean age of 13.8 years). Patients one year after IPAA with soiling were also subdivided by the see page of mucous and/or stool group A (5 cases); rare soiling with loose stool, group B (4 cases); occasional soiling (1 time per 2 or 3 days). However, all patients showed continence 2 years after IPAA (Group C). Group D served as controls without gastrointestinal symptoms and digestive diseases and consisted of 12 subjects (8 males and 4 females aged 12 to 16 years old with a mean age of 14.8 years). Examinations were performed 1 and 2 years after ileostomy closure. Bilateral (left-sided and right-sided) PNTML tests were performed on all patients in order to measure the latency of the response in the bilateral EAS muscle following digitally directed transrectal pudendal nerve stimulation. 1) Values of the PNTML at the right-sided of the PN: The conduction delay in group B was the longest, followed by groups A, C, and D. Moreover, significant differences in PNTML were noted between groups A and B, between groups A and D, between groups B and C, and between groups B and D (p motor nerves.

  15. PROGNOSTIC FACTORS OF POSITIVE RESULTS OF MULTIFOCAL TRUS-GUIDED VESICOURETHRAL ANASTOMOSIS BIOPSY IN PATIENTS WITH BIOCHEMICAL RECURRENCE AFTER RADICAL PROSTATECTOMY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. D. Demeshko

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Purpose. To evaluate influence of clinical, biochemical and histological factors to detection rate of local recurrence following radical prostatectomy (RPE using multifocal TRUS-guided vesicourethral anastomosis (VUA biopsy.Material and methods. 59 patients with newly diagnosed biochemical recurrence (BR after RPE were included into prospective study. All of them underwent multifocal TRUS-guided VUA biopsy. Сlinical variables (serum prostate-specifi c antigen [PSA] level and PSA kinetics, time RPE-BR, Gleason grade, stage after RPE and clinical findings were evaluated. Logistic regression and receiver operating characteristic (ROC curve analyses were performed.Results. The detection rate of local prostate recurrence with TRUS-guided VUA biopsy was 45,8 % (95 % CI 33,7–58,3. At multivariate analysis only PSA level at the moment of biopsy (≤ 1,5 ng/ml vs > 1,5 ng/ml and time RPE-BR (≤ 15 months vs > 15 months were significantly associated with positive results of multifocal TRUS-guided VUA biopsy (p < 0,05.Conclusion The detection rate of local prostate recurrence with TRUS-guided VUA biopsy depends on combination of independent predictors (PSA level at the moment of biopsy and time RPE—BR.

  16. Reanastomosis with Stapler in Duodenojejunal Junction Anastomosis Leakage: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmet Seker

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available After anastomosis leakages, treatment of patient gets more difficult and mortality rates increase. At lower level gastrointestinal anastomosis leakages, because of always there is an ostomy alternative, digestion problems are seen lesser. But at upper level gastrointestinal system anastomosis leakages, when it is taken account of nutrient condition of patient, requirement of making anastomos increases. So moratlity rates increase. At this article we aimed to present a different technique that we administered on management of a patient who had duodenojejunal junction anastomosis leakage.

  17. Simple model for training in the laparoscopic vesicourethral running anastomosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nadu, Andrei; Olsson, Lief Eric; Abbou, Claude Clement

    2003-09-01

    To create a simple model for training in the complex technique of laparoscopic vesicourethral anastomosis after radical prostatectomy. A model simulating the performance of a laparoscopic running urethrovesical anastomosis was fashioned using skin of a supermarket chicken set in a laparoscopic training box. A circular continuous anastomosis was performed, following exactly the technique we use in vivo for performing a vesicourethral anastomosis after laparoscopic radical prostatectomy. Details regarding the use of the right or the left needle holder, needle positioning, precise stitch position, and use of forehand or backhand stitch were strictly respected in order to reproduce the continuous stitch currently done in vivo in our department. The learning curve was analyzed in terms of the time necessary to perform the task and the quality of the anastomosis. The model was created and used by the junior authors during their year of fellowship in advanced laparoscopic urology. The authors had no previous experience with hands-on laparoscopic suturing but have assisted in a great number of laparoscopic radical prostatectomies. The time required for performing the anastomosis on the model declined from 75 minutes initially to 20 minutes after the trainees had performed 20 anastomoses each. After this training, it was possible to create a watertight running laparoscopic vesicourethral anastomosis in patients in a mean time of 40 minutes (range 30-55 minutes). This simple model allows the trainee in laparoscopic urology to acquire the skills necessary to perform a laparoscopic vesicourethral anastomosis, one of the most complex steps in laparoscopic radical prostatectomy, as well as to develop dexterity and facility in laparoscopic manipulation of needles, sutures, and fragile tissues.

  18. Long-term functional results of radiation after coloanal anastomosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    CAC Mathias

    1999-10-01

    Full Text Available Surgery is the only treatment that can cure most patients with colorectal cancer. Radiation therapy (pre or postoperative has been shown to improve results by decreasing local recurrence and improving survival. Our aim was to analyze whether postoperative radiation influenced long-term functional outcomes and the probability of stricture of anastomosis in patients who underwent coloanal anastomosis for rectal cancer. Methods: The records of 84 patients with coloanal anastomosis for rectal cancer were studied between 1980 and 1996. There were 82 males and 28 females. Mean age was 57.8 years (range 24 to 78 years. Mean distal resection margin was 2.6 cm (range 0 to 14cm. Twenty-three patients received postoperative irradiation therapy. Patients who received chemotherapy were not included in the study. Results were analysed by examination , telephone or questionnaire. Mean follow-up was 3.8 years (range 0 to 13 years. Results: There was no operative mortality. Functional variables were much better in non-irradiated patients. The irradiated group had more number of stools/day (p>0.05, more number of stools/ night (p>0.05, more incontinence/day (p0.05. Conclusion: Postoperative irradiation after colo-anal anastomosis for rectal cancer is safe, but may increase the risk of stricture of anastomosis and does affect functional results adversely.

  19. Faecal microbiota transplantation for recurring Clostridium difficile infection in a patient with Crohn's disease and ileorectal anastomosis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Oppfeldt, Asser Mathiassen; Dahlerup, Jens F; Christensen, Lisbet A

    2016-01-01

    Faecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) is increasingly being used to treat refractory and recurring Clostridium difficile infection (CDI). Although FMT appears to be safe and highly effective in patients with a preserved colon and immunocompetence, its use in patients with inflammatory bowel...

  20. Transanal drainage tube reduces rate and severity of anastomotic leakage in patients with colorectal anastomosis: A case controlled study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Brandl

    2016-03-01

    Conclusions: Placement of a transanal drainage tube in patients with colorectal anastomoses is a safe and simple technique to perform and reduces anastomotic leakage, the severity of the complication and hospital stay.

  1. Eviendep® reduces number and size of duodenal polyps in familial adenomatous polyposis patients with ileal pouch-anal anastomosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Calabrese, Carlo; Praticò, Chiara; Calafiore, Andrea; Coscia, Maurizio; Gentilini, Lorenzo; Poggioli, Gilberto; Gionchetti, Paolo; Campieri, Massimo; Rizzello, Fernando

    2013-09-14

    To evaluate if 3 mo oral supplementation with Eviendep® was able to reduce the number of duodenal polyps in familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) patients with ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA). Eleven FAP patients with IPAA and duodenal polyps were enrolled. They underwent upper gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopy at the baseline and after 3 mo of treatment. Each patient received 5 mg Eviendep twice a day, at breakfast and dinner time, for 3 mo. Two endoscopists evaluated in a blinded manner the number and size of duodenal polyps. Upper GI endoscopies with biopsies were performed at the baseline (T0) with the assessment of the Spigelman score. Polyps > 10 mm were removed during endoscopy and at the end of the procedure a new Spigelman score was determined (T1). The procedure was repeated 3 mo after the baseline (T2). Four photograms were examined for each patient, at T1 and T2. The examined area was divided into 3 segments: duodenal bulb, second and third portion duodenum. Biopsy specimens were taken from all polyps > 10 mm and from all suspicious ones, defined by the presence of a central depression, irregular surface, or irregular vascular pattern. Histology was classified according to the updated Vienna criteria. At baseline the mean number of duodenal detected polyps was 27.7 and mean sizes were 15.8 mm; the mean Spigelman score was 7.1. After polypectomy the mean number of duodenal detected polyps was 25.7 and mean sizes were 7.6 mm; the mean Spigelman score was 6.4. After 3 mo of Eviendep bid, all patients showed a reduction of number and size of duodenal polyps. The mean number of duodenal polyps was 8 (P = 0.021) and mean size was 4.4 mm; the mean Spigelman score was 6.6. Interrater agreement was measured. Lesions > 1 cm found a very good degree of concordance (kappa 0.851) and a good concordance was as well encountered for smaller lesions (kappa 0.641). Our study demonstrated that short-term (90 d) supplementation with Eviendep® in FAP patients with IPAA

  2. Effectiveness and Safety of Sleeve Gastrectomy, Gastric Bypass, and Adjustable Gastric Banding in Morbidly Obese Patients: a Multicenter, Retrospective, Matched Cohort Study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dogan, K.; Gadiot, R.P.; Aarts, E.O.; Betzel, B; Laarhoven, C.J. van; Biter, L.U.; Mannaerts, G.H.; Aufenacker, T.J.; Janssen, I.M; Berends, F.J.

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic adjustable gastric band (LAGB), laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG), and laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) are the most performed procedures worldwide (92 %) nowadays. However, comparative clinical trials are scarce in literature. The objective of this study

  3. Long-term quality of life associated with early surgical complications in patients with ulcerative colitis after ileal pouch-anal anastomosis: A single-center retrospective study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Weimin; Ye, Hairong; Zhu, Yilian; Ding, Wenjun; Fu, Jihong; Cui, Long; Du, Peng

    2017-11-02

    Ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA) is recommended for patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) in terms of surgical treatment. Measuring surgical complications of IPAA and long-term quality of life (QOL) are important to achieve an acceptable risk/benefit ratio for patients with UC. Patients with UC who underwent total proctocolectomy (TPC) with IPAA from February 2008 to July 2016 at our institute were included. Early surgical complications were defined as mechanical/infectious events within one month after IPAA. Assessment of QOL was performed using the Cleveland Global Quality of Life instrument (CGQL), with 50% improvement as a cut-off value. Demographic and clinical variables were compared with univariable analysis and step-wise logistic regression models were also performed. A total of 58 eligible patients had a median follow-up time of 78.5 months [interquartile range (IQR), 34.4-92.8] from February2008 to March 2017, including 25 cases (43.1%) developed early surgical complications. Age at pouch surgery and excessive blood loss were risk factors associated with early surgical complications (p < 0.05). In multivariate analysis, older age at surgery [odds ratio (OR), 1.05; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.01-1.1] and significant blood loss (≧400 ml) (OR, 4.31; 95% CI, 1.21-16.87) were contributing factors for developing early surgical complications. The CGQL score was significantly increased after IPAA (0.728 ± 0.151 vs. 0.429 ± 0.173, p < 0.001). Early surgical complications (OR, 5.55; 95%CI, 1.44-21.37), older age at surgery (OR, 1.06; 95% CI, 1.01-1.12) and use of immunomodulatory (OR, 17.50; 95% CI, 1.52-201.39) were associated with poor long-term QOL. The study demonstrated that early surgical complications might contribute to develop a poor CGQL score, suggesting intentional control of risk factors associated with early surgical complications should be taken into consideration for patients with UC for pouch surgery. Copyright © 2017

  4. [Hypoglossofacial anastomosis for facial palsy treatment: Indications and results].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lamas, G; Gatignol, P; Barbut, J; Bernat, I; Tankéré, F

    2015-10-01

    Hypoglossofacial anastomosis is a classical surgical procedure for the treatment of facial paralysis when the trunk of the facial nerve cannot be repaired and its peripheral branches are normal. Between 2004 and 2015, 77 patients were able to benefit from an hypoglossofacial anastomosis. The etiology of the paralysis was mainly the surgery of vestibular schwannoma, tumors of the facial nerve and diseases of the brainstem. A specific and premature speech therapy remediation was realized for all patients in order to preserve the tongue function and to upgrade the facial motricity. Sixty-nine patients could be studied. The House Brackmann grading scale was used to appreciate the result. Thirty-one patients are grade III, 34 grade IV and in only one case the result is a grade V despite the anastomosis works. The main predictive factor for a good result is a small delay between the onset of the paralysis and the surgery for the rehabilitation. The specific physiotherapy upgrades the result with less side effects of the anastomosis. Hypoglossofacial anastomosis is a simple and reliable surgical procedure for rehabilitation of paralysed face. The quality of the result is linked with an early surgery and a specific physiotherapy. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  5. Thrombolytics for late superior caval vein thrombus in a patient with tricuspid atresia and single-lung Glenn anastomosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bonnel, Alexander R; Paruchuri, Vijayapraveena; Franklin, Wayne J

    2016-01-01

    Those with cyanotic heart disease have an elevated bleeding risk but also are hypercoaguable. Treating haemodynamically significant thrombi in this unique cohort poses a monumental challenge. Case A 29-year-old women with tricuspid atresia and left pulmonary artery atresia presented with superior caval vein syndrome. She had a right modified Blalock-Taussig shunt as a neonate. A left modified Blalock-Taussig shunt performed later failed to establish flow to her left lung. At age 5, she had a Fontan procedure to the right lung but could not tolerate the physiology and had a low cardiac output syndrome. The Fontan was taken down and she was left with a Glenn anastamosis to the right pulmonary artery. She did well for years until she had dyspnea, upper extremity oedema and "facial fullness". On examination she was tachycardic, hypotensive, and more desaturated than baseline. She also had facial plethora. Decision-making Echocardiogram showed a large 9 × 3 mm nearly occlusive thrombus in the superior caval vein at the bifurcation of the left and right innominate veins. An emergent venogram confirmed the location and size of the thrombus. Given the thrombus burden and potential for distal embolisation through the Glenn to the single functional lung, we chose to treat the patient with thrombolytics. She had uncomplicated ICU course and was sent home on warfarin. Follow-up echocardiogram showed complete resolution of clot. This case shows the importance of history and physical exam in caring for this complex cohort of adult patients with CHD.

  6. Modified Continuous Loop Technique for microvascular anastomosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kumar Pramod

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available A modified method of continuous loop technique for microvascular anastomosis is described. The handling of loop is easier & even last suture is placed under vision. This makes the microvascular anastomosis easier and simpler.

  7. Longitudinal changes of pancreatic and adipocyte hormones following Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    The use of bariatric surgery for the treatment of severe obesity is increasing, because in addition to dramatic weight loss, co-morbidities such as type 2 diabetes (T2DM) are frequently resolved. The mechanisms by which this occurs have not been fully elucidated, but are likely to involve changes of...

  8. Effects of Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass on Energy Expenditure and Appetite

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schmidt, Julie Berg

    that gastric bypass (GBP) surgery attenuates these processes, explaining the superiority of this weight loss intervention. However, the effect of GBP on EE has never been investigated independently of acute changes in energy balance. After GBP, decreased motivation to eat coincides with hormonal changes...

  9. Alterations in hypothalamic gene expression following Roux-en-Y gastric bypass

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pernille Barkholt

    2016-04-01

    Conclusion: RYGB surgery increases the mRNA levels of hunger-associated signaling markers in the rat arcuate nucleus without concomitantly increasing downstream MCH expression in the lateral hypothalamus, suggesting that RYGB surgery puts a brake on orexigenic hypothalamic output signals. In addition, down-regulation of midbrain TH and DAT expression suggests that altered dopaminergic activity also contributes to the reduced intake of palatable food in RYGB rats.

  10. Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass in super obese Göttingen minipigs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Birck, Malene Muusfeldt; Vegge, Andreas; Støckel, Mikael

    2013-01-01

    and necropsy data were recorded. Results: Five minipigs survived without complications to the end of the study. Four minipigs developed surgical related complications and were euthanized while two minipigs died due to central venous catheter related complications. BW and food intake is reported for the six...

  11. Alterations in hypothalamic gene expression following Roux-en-Y gastric bypass

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Barkholt, Pernille; Pedersen, Philip J.; Hay-Schmidt, Anders

    2016-01-01

    of energy balance.  Methods: Lean male Sprague-Dawley rats underwent either RYGB or sham surgery. Body weight and food intake were monitored bi-weekly for 60 days post-surgery. In situ hybridization mRNA analysis of hypothalamic AgRP, NPY, CART, POMC and MCH was applied to RYGB and sham animals and compared...... compared with sham operated controls. In the arcuate nucleus, RYGB surgery increased mRNA levels of orexigenic AgRP and NPY, whereas no change was observed in anorexigenic CART and POMC mRNA levels. A similar pattern was seen in food-restricted versus ad libitum fed rats. In contrast to a significant...... surgery increases the mRNA levels of hunger-associated signaling markers in the rat arcuate nucleus without concomitantly increasing downstream MCH expression in the lateral hypothalamus, suggesting that RYGB surgery puts a brake on orexigenic hypothalamic output signals. In addition, down...

  12. Variable reliability of surrogate measures of insulin sensitivity after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bojsen-Møller, Kirstine N; Dirksen, Carsten; Svane, Maria Saur

    2017-01-01

    postoperatively. Post-RYGB changes in inverse-HOMA-IR and HOMA2-%S did not correlate with changes in Rd at any visit, but were comparable to changes in HISI at 1 week. Changes in QUICKI and revised-QUICKI correlated with Rd/I after surgery. Changes in Matsuda and Gutt did not correlate with changes in Rd/I and Rd...

  13. [Prevention of the anastomosis dehiscence following low anterior rectal resections].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hut'an, M; Lukác, I; Poticný, V

    2005-10-01

    Authors analyse 106 patients that were operated in their department by Dixon's method, in retrospective study. They analyse indications for operations, lesions distance in rectum, endosonographic and CT findings. Basic principles of the operation technique are adequate blood flow, sufficient colon mobilization and tightness of the anastomosis being supplemented with transanal pertubation. Out of early complications anastomosis dehiscence appeared in 6 patients (e.g. 5.6%) out of which 4 were treated conservatively and 2 were being reoperated on (by axial ileostomia and drainage). In discussion different opinions on preoperative preparation, neoadjuvant therapy, presacral drainage, transanal pertubation and other decompressive techniques are anticipated.

  14. Achados fonoaudiológicos em pacientes submetidos a anastomose hipoglosso facial Phonoaudiological findings in patients submitted to hypoglossal-facial anastomosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elisabete C. C. F. Silva

    2003-06-01

    Full Text Available A anastomose hipoglosso-facial (AHF tem sido realizada em pacientes com lesão dos segmentos mais proximais do nervo facial em que outros procedimentos cirúrgicos não foram possíveis ou não obtiveram êxito. OBJETIVO: O objetivo atual da pesquisa é verificar as alterações na mobilidade dos órgãos fonoarticulatórios, quanto à função da fala, mastigação e da deglutição, em pacientes submetidos a AHF. FORMA DE ESTUDO: Clínico prospectivo. MATERIAL E MÉTODO: Foram avaliados 8 pacientes, com paralisia facial periférica (PFP, submetidos a AHF, na UNIFESP/EPM, no período de 1998 a 2000, sendo 6 do sexo feminino e 2 do sexo masculino, idades entre 21 e 71 anos e mediana de 50 anos. Desses, 5 pós-exerése do Schwannoma do Nervo Vestibular, 1 pós-exerése de Fibrossarcoma, 1 pós-ferimento por arma de fogo e 1 pós-paralisia facial idiopática de má evolução. Na avaliação fonoaudiológica, o protocolo consta de: dados de identificação; classificação da recuperação do nervo facial; tratamentos realizados; simetria facial no repouso e no movimento voluntário; sincinesias para olho, boca, nariz e bochechas; distúrbios fonoarticulatórios e da motricidade da língua; alteração na mastigação e do paladar, e questionário referente ao parecer dos respectivos distúrbios para serem respondidos pelo paciente. RESULTADO: O grau de paralisia pós-anastomose e reabilitação variou para os olhos entre II e V e para a boca entre III e V (House & Brackemann, 1985. Concluímos que recuperação foi satisfatória e importante, mas a expectativa de melhora foi inferior ao esperado pelos pacientes. Foram observados: imprecisão articulatória, disfunção mastigatória, escape bucal de alimentos e disfagia.The hypoglossal-facial anastomosis (HFA have been related in patients with facial nerve lesion where proximal segment more other surgical produceres had been faited or had not been possible success. AIM: The objective of the

  15. Adenocarcinoma in the anal canal after ileal pouch-anal anastomosis for familial adenomatous polyposis using a double-stapled technique: report of two cases

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vrouenraets, Bart C.; van Duijvendijk, Peter; Bemelman, Willem A.; Offerhaus, G. Johan A.; Slors, J. Frederik M.

    2004-01-01

    Restorative proctocolectomy with an ileal pouch-anal anastomosis is thought to abolish the risk of colorectal adenoma development in patients suffering from familial adenomatous polyposis. Both after mucosectomy with a handsewn anastomosis and after a double-stapled anastomosis, rectal mucosa is

  16. Rupture of vesicourethral anastomosis following radical retropubic prostatectomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcos Dall'oglio

    2003-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: Rupture of vesicourethral anastomosis following radical retropubic prostatectomy is a complication that requires immediate management. We evaluated the morbidity of this rare complication. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed retrospectively 5 cases of disruption of vesicourethral anastomosis during post-operative period in a consecutive series of 1,600 radical retropubic prostatectomies, performed by a single surgeon. RESULTS: It occurred in a ratio of 1:320 prostatectomies (0,3%. Management was conservative in all the cases with an average catheter permanence time of 28 days, being its removal preceded by cystography. Two cases were secondary to bleeding, 1 followed the change of vesical catheter and 2 by unknown causes after removing the Foley catheter. Only one patient evolved with urethral stenosis, in the period ranging from 6 to 120 months. CONCLUSION: Rupture of vesicourethral anastomosis is not related to the surgeon's experience, and conservative treatment has shown to be effective.

  17. Rehabilitation of central facial paralysis with hypoglossal-facial anastomosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Corrales, C Eduardo; Gurgel, Richard K; Jackler, Robert K

    2012-10-01

    To evaluate the ability of hypoglossal-facial nerve anastomosis to reanimate the face in patients with complete nuclear (central) facial nerve palsy. Retrospective case series. Tertiary academic medical center. Four patients with complete facial nerve paralysis due to lesions of the facial nucleus in the pons caused by hemorrhage due to arteriovenous or cavernous venous malformations, stroke, or injury after tumor resection. All patients underwent end-to-end hypoglossal-facial nerve anastomosis. Facial nerve function using the House-Brackmann (HB) scale and physical and social/well-being function using the facial disability index. The mean age of the patients was 53.3 years (range, 32-73). There were 3 female and 1 male patients. All patients had preoperative facial function HB VI/VI. With a minimum of 12 months' follow-up after end-to-end hypoglossal-facial anastomosis, 75% of patients regained function to HB grade III/VI, and 25% had HB grade IV/VI. Average facial disability index scores were 61.25 for physical function and 78 for social/well-being, comparable to results from complete hypoglossal-facial anastomosis after peripheral facial nerve palsy after acoustic neuroma resection. Patients with nuclear facial paralysis who undergo end-to-end hypoglossal-facial nerve anastomosis achieve similar degrees of reanimation compared with those with peripheral facial nerve palsies. This raises the intriguing possibility that reinnervation may also be of benefit in patients with the vastly more common facial dysfunction because of cortical stroke or injury.

  18. New method of hand anastomosis to complete the Duhamel ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Objective/Purpose: This paper describes a new method of hand anastomosis to complete the Duhamel operation for Hirschsprung\\'s disease (HD). Methodology: All patients had diagnosis of Hirschsrung\\'s disease confirmed by rectal biopsy and had defunctioning colostomy. At the definitive operation, the ganglionic bowel ...

  19. Endocrine and Nutritional Management After Bariatric Surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... malabsorptive procedures. Weight loss depends on following a strict diet. • Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). RYGB ... index.cfm). www.hormone.org Endocrine and Nutritional Management After Bariatric Surgery Patient Guide November 2010

  20. Gastric bypass surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Y gastric bypass; Gastric bypass - Roux-en-Y; Weight-loss surgery - gastric bypass; Obesity surgery - gastric bypass Patient Instructions Bathroom safety - adults Gastric bypass surgery - discharge Laparoscopic gastric banding - discharge ...

  1. Autologous fibrin adhesive in experimental tubal anastomosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rajaram, S; Rusia, U; Agarwal, S; Agarwal, N

    1996-01-01

    To evaluate autologous fibrin in rabbit oviduct anastomosis versus 7-0 vikryl, a conventional suture material used in tubal anastomosis. Thrombin was added to the autologous fibrinogen at the site of anastomosis to obtain a tissue adhesive. The anastomotic time, pregnancy rate, and litter size were evaluated. Three months later, a relaparotomy was done to evaluate patency and degree of adhesions, and a tubal biopsy was taken from the site of anastomosis. Analysis of results showed a statistically significant (P < .001) shortened anastomotic time and superior histopathological union in the tissue adhesive group. Patency rate, pregnancy rate, and degree of adhesions were comparable in both groups.

  2. Prevalence of nutrient deficiencies in bariatric patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Toh, Seok Yee; Zarshenas, Nazy; Jorgensen, John

    2009-01-01

    The aims of this study were to determine the prevalence of nutrient deficiencies in patients who present for bariatric surgery, assess nutritional status after surgery, and compare these with preoperative levels. A retrospective study was conducted to identify preoperative and 1-year postoperative nutrition deficiencies in patients undergoing bariatric surgery. The screening included serum ferritin, vitamin D, vitamin B(12), homocysteine, folate, red blood cell folate, and hemoglobin. Results were available for 232 patients preoperatively and 149 patients postoperatively. Two-tailed chi(2) tests and paired-sample t tests were used. Preoperatively, vitamin D deficiency was noted at 57%. The prevalence of abnormalities 1 year after roux-en-Y gastric bypass was higher compared with preoperative levels (P After surgery, anemia was detected in 17%, elevated homocysteine levels (women only) in 29%, low ferritin in 15%, low vitamin B(12) in 11%, and low RBC folate in 12%. Mean hemoglobin, ferritin, and RBC folate levels deteriorated significantly but remained well within normal ranges. The prevalence of vitamin D deficiencies decreased, but not significantly. In sleeve gastrectomy patients, mean ferritin levels decreased (P deficiency. Vitamin D deficiency is common among morbidly obese patients seeking bariatric surgery. Because the prevalence of micronutrient deficiencies persists or worsens postoperatively, routine nutrition screening, recommendation of appropriate supplements, and monitoring adherence are imperative in this population.

  3. Open versus laparoscopic (assisted) ileo pouch anal anastomosis for ulcerative colitis and familial adenomatous polyposis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ali, Usama Ahmed; Keus, Frederik; Heikens, Joost T.; Bemelman, Willem A.; Berdah, Stephane V.; Gooszen, H. G.; van Laarhoven, Cees J. H. M.

    2009-01-01

    Background Restorative proctocolectomy with ileo pouch anal anastomosis (IPAA) is the main surgical treatment for patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) and familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP). With the advancements of minimal-invasive surgery this demanding operation is increasingly being performed

  4. Advantages of handsewn over stapled bowel anastomosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dziki, A J; Duncan, M D; Harmon, J W; Saini, N; Malthaner, R A; Trad, K S; Fernicola, M T; Hakki, F; Ugarte, R M

    1991-06-01

    Bowel anastomoses are conventionally performed using a handsewn technique or a stapling device. Each has potential benefits and disadvantages. The most clinically significant complications of the bowel anastomosis are anastomotic leakage and stricture formation. The indices of healing and tissue cohesion were compared dynamically over time in 24 dogs randomized to undergo either a standard two-layer handsewn anastomosis or a stapled anastomosis with the Premium CEEA (United States Surgical Corporation, Norwalk, CT). Animals were sacrificed at 1, 4, 7, and 28 days postoperatively. Each anastomosis was evaluated for anastomotic index, burst pressure, collagen content, and histologic appearance. The anastomotic index was similar on postoperative day (POD) 1, 4, and 7; but on day 28 all handsewn anastomoses had larger diameters than the widest CEEA anastomosis. Burst pressure was higher in handsewn anastomoses at all intervals. Collagen content tended to be higher on POD 7 in the CEEA anastomoses. Histological evaluation showed more complete epithelialization and less inflammation in handsewn anastomoses on POD 28. The higher level of collagen in the CEEA anastomoses on POD 7 may be implicated in the tendency toward stricture formation found with this type of anastomosis. This study demonstrates that the greater speed and ease of the stapled anastomosis is offset by the greater strength, reduced tendency to stricture, and more complete healing of the handsewn anastomosis.

  5. Non-suture methods of vascular anastomosis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zeebregts, CJ; Heijmen, RH; van den Dungen, JJ; van Schilfgaarde, R

    Background: The main aim of performing a vascular anastomosis is to achieve maximal patency rates. An important factor to achieve that goal is to minimize damage to the vessel walls. Sutures inevitably induce vascular wall damage, which influences the healing of the anastomosis. Over time, several

  6. Robot-assisted Ivor-Lewis esophagectomy with intrathoracic robot-sewn anastomosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jin, Runsen; Xiang, Jie; Han, Dingpei; Zhang, Yajie; Li, Hecheng

    2017-11-01

    This video clip demonstrated a performance of robot-assisted Ivor-Lewis esophagectomy with intrathoracic robot-sewn anastomosis. The patient had an esophageal mass located approximately 33 cm away from incisor, and robot-assisted Ivor-Lewis esophagectomy was applied for him. Importantly, a double-layer esophago-gastric anastomosis was made by robotic hand-sewn suture. Our early experience demonstrated that the robot-sewn intrathoracic anastomosis is feasible and safe with a lower complication rate and the absence of anastomotic leakage.

  7. Robot-assisted Ivor-Lewis esophagectomy with intrathoracic robot-sewn anastomosis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jin, Runsen; Xiang, Jie; Han, Dingpei; Zhang, Yajie

    2017-01-01

    This video clip demonstrated a performance of robot-assisted Ivor-Lewis esophagectomy with intrathoracic robot-sewn anastomosis. The patient had an esophageal mass located approximately 33 cm away from incisor, and robot-assisted Ivor-Lewis esophagectomy was applied for him. Importantly, a double-layer esophago-gastric anastomosis was made by robotic hand-sewn suture. Our early experience demonstrated that the robot-sewn intrathoracic anastomosis is feasible and safe with a lower complication rate and the absence of anastomotic leakage. PMID:29268555

  8. Portal flow into the liver through veins at the site of biliary-enteric anastomosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hashimoto, M; Heianna, J; Yasuda, K; Tate, E; Watarai, J; Shibata, S; Sato, T; Yamamoto, Y

    2005-07-01

    The aim of this study was to establish the role played by jejunal veins in hepatopetal flow after biliary-enteric anastomosis and to evaluate the helical CT features of hepatopetal flow through the anastomosis. We retrospectively analyzed helical CT images of the liver in 31 patients with biliary-enteric anastomosis who underwent hepatic angiography with (n=13) or without (n=18) CT arterial portography within 2 weeks of the CT examination during the last 4 years. Arterial portography showed hepatopetal flow through small vessels located (communicating veins) between the elevated jejunal veins and the intrahepatic portal branches in two (9%) of 22 patients with a normal portal system. Helical CT showed focal parenchymal enhancement around the anastomosis in these two patients. All nine patients with extrahepatic portal vein occlusion (100%) had hepatopetal flow through the anastomosis, and four of the nine had decreased portal flow. CT revealed small communicating veins in two of these four patients. In five patients with normal portal perfusion despite extrahepatic portal vein occlusion, CT detected dilated communicating veins and elevated jejunal veins. The presence of communicating veins and/or focal parenchymal enhancement around the anastomosis indicates hepatopetal flow through the elevated jejunal veins.

  9. Recommended nutritional supplements for bariatric surgery patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malone, Margaret

    2008-12-01

    To review nutritional supplements commonly required after bariatric surgery to provide a practical guide and reference source for generalist healthcare providers. A PubMed literature search (1988-July 2008) was conducted, using the search term nutritional deficiency after bariatric surgery, and was limited to English-language literature on adult (aged >19 y) human subjects. Additional references from the selected literature were also included. Data were extracted from large clinical series and practice guidelines whenever possible. Case reports were used only when they were the sole information source. Nutritional deficiencies that occur after bariatric surgery depend significantly on the type of surgery performed. Restrictive procedures such as gastric banding are the least likely to cause nutritional deficits, since none of the intestine is bypassed. Malabsorptive procedures such as biliopancreatic diversion or mixed restrictive/malabsorptive procedures (eg, Roux-en-Y gastric bypass) can result in serious nutritional problems when patients do not take required supplements after surgery. Vitamins and minerals that are commonly deficient in this circumstance include vitamin B(12), calcium, vitamin D, thiamine, folic acid, iron, zinc, and magnesium. Rare ocular complications have been reported with hypovitaminosis A. Healthcare professionals, especially those who practice outside large bariatric centers, must be aware of the supplements required by patients who have had bariatric surgery. Many patients fail to follow up with the surgery centers and are managed by their primary care teams and community pharmacists, especially in the selection of multivitamin and nutritional supplements.

  10. Is hand-sewn anastomosis superior to stapled anastomosis following oesophagectomy?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kayani, Babar; Garas, George; Arshad, Mubarik; Athanasiou, Thanos; Darzi, Ara; Zacharakis, Emmanouil

    2014-01-01

    A best evidence topic was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was: In patients undergoing oesophagectomy is stapled anastomosis (STA) superior to hand-sewn anastomosis (HSA) with respect to post-operative outcomes. In total, 82 papers were found suitable using the reported search and 14 of these represented the best evidence to answer the clinical question. The authors, date, journal, study type, population, main outcome measures and results are tabulated. Existing evidence shows that STA is associated with reduced time to anastomotic construction and decreased intra-operative blood loss but increased risk of benign stricture formation compared to HSA. There is no difference between HSA and STA with respect to cardiac or respiratory complications, anastomotic leakage, duration of hospital admission or 30-day mortality. In HSA, increasing surgical experience and intra-operative air leakage testing after anastomotic creation are associated with reduced risk of anastomotic leakage. Further adequately powered studies will enable identification of other local and systemic factors influencing anastomotic healing, which will lead to improved patient and anastomotic technique selection for optimal surgical outcomes. Copyright © 2013. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

  11. Relationship between method of anastomosis and anastomotic failure after right hemicolectomy and ileo-caecal resection: an international snapshot audit

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pinkney, T.; Battersby, N.; Bhangu, A.; Chaudhri, S.; El-Hussuna, A.; Frasson, M.; Nepogodiev, D.; Singh, B.; Vennix, S.; Zmora, O.; Altomare, D.; Bemelman, W.; Christensen, P.; D'Hoore, A.; Laurberg, S.; Morton, D.; Rubbini, M.; Vaizey, C.; Magill, L.; Perry, R.; Sheward, N.; Ives, N.; Mehta, S.; Cillo, M.; Estefania, D.; Patron Uriburu, J.; Ruiz, H.; Salomon, M.; Makhmudov, A.; Selnyahina, L.; Varabei, A.; Vizhynis, Y.; Claeys, D.; Defoort, B.; Muysoms, F.; Pletinckx, P.; Vergucht, V.; Debergh, I.; Feryn, T.; Reusens, H.; Nachtergaele, M.; Francart, D.; Jehaes, C.; Markiewicz, S.; Monami, B.; Weerts, J.; Bouckaert, W.; Houben, B.; Knol, J.; Sergeant, G.; Vangertruyden, G.; Haeck, L.; Lange, C.; Sommeling, C.; Vindevoghel, K.; Castro, S.; de Bruyn, H.; Huyghe, M.; de Wolf, E.; Reynders, D.; van Overstraeten, A. de Buck; Wolthuis, A.; Delibegovic, S.; Christiani, A.; Marchiori, M.; Rocha de Moraes, C.; Tercioti, V.; Arabadjieva, E.; Bulanov, D.; Dardanov, D.; Stoyanov, V.; Yonkov, A.; Angelov, K.; Maslyankov, S.; Sokolov, M.; Todorov, G.; Toshev, S.; Georgiev, Y.; Karashmalakov, A.; Zafirov, G.; Wang, X.; Condic, D.; Kraljik, D.; Mrkovic, H.; Pavkovic, V.; Raguz, K.; Bencurik, V.; Holaskova, E.; Skrovina, M.; Farkasova, M.; Grolich, T.; Kala, Z.; Antos, F.; Pruchova, V.; Sotona, O.; Chobola, M.; Dusek, T.; Ferko, A.; Orhalmi, J.; Hoch, J.; Kocian, P.; Martinek, L.; Bernstein, I.; Sunesen, K. Gotschalck; Leunbach, J.; Thorlacius-Ussing, O.; Oveson, A. Uth; Chirstensen, S. Dahl; Gamez, V.; Oeting, M.; Loeve, U. Schou; Ugianskis, A.; Jessen, M.; Krarup, P.; Linde, K.; Mirza, Q.; Stovring, J. Overgaard; Erritzoe, L.; Jakobsen, H. Loft; Lykke, J.; Colov, E. Palmgren; Madsen, A. Husted; Friis, T. Linde; Funder, J. Amstrup; Dich, R.; Kjaer, S.; Rasmussen, S.; Schlesinger, N.; Kjaer, M. Dilling; Qvist, N.; Khalid, A.; Ali, G.; Hadi, S.; Walker, L. Rosell; Kivela, A.; Lehtonen, T.; Lepisto, A.; Scheinin, T.; Siironen, P.; Kossi, J.; Kuusanmaki, P.; Tomminen, T.; Turunen, A.; Rautio, T.; Vierimaa, M.; Huhtinen, H.; Karvonen, J.; Lavonius, M.; Rantala, A.; Varpe, P.; Cotte, E.; Francois, Y.; Glehen, O.; Kepenekian, V.; Passot, G.; Maggiori, L.; Manceau, G.; Panis, Y.; Gout, M.; Rullier, E.; van Geluwe, B.; Chafai, N.; Lefevre, J. H.; Parc, Y.; Tiret, E.; Couette, C.; Duchalais, E.; Agha, A.; Hornberger, M.; Hungbauer, A.; Iesalnieks, I.; Weindl, I.; Crescenti, F.; Keller, M.; Kolodziejski, N.; Scherer, R.; Sterzing, D.; Bock, B.; Boehm, G.; El-Magd, M.; Krones, C.; Niewiera, M.; Buhr, J.; Cordesmeyer, S.; Hoffmann, M.; Krueckemeier, K.; Vogel, T.; Schoen, M.; Baral, J.; Lukoschek, T.; Muench, S.; Pullig, F.; Horisberger, K.; Kienle, P.; Magdeburg, J.; Post, S.; Batzalexis, K.; Germanos, S.; Agalianos, C.; Dervenis, C.; Gouvas, N.; Kanavidis, P.; Kottikias, A.; Katsoulis, I. E.; Korkolis, D.; Plataniotis, G.; Sakorafas, G.; Akrida, I.; Argentou, M.; Kollatos, C.; Lampropoulos, C.; Tsochatzis, S.; Besznyak, I.; Bursics, A.; Egyed, T.; Papp, G.; Svastics, I.; Atladottir, J.; Moller, P.; Sigurdsson, H.; Stefansson, T.; Valsdottir, E.; Andrews, E.; Foley, N.; Hechtl, D.; Majeed, M.; McCourt, M.; Hanly, A.; Hyland, J.; Martin, S.; O'Connell, P. R.; Winter, D.; Connelly, T.; Joyce, W.; Wrafter, P.; Berkovitz, R.; Avital, S.; Yahia, I. Haj; Hermann, N.; Shpitz, B.; White, I.; Lishtzinsky, Y.; Tsherniak, A.; Wasserberg, N.; Horesh, N.; Keler, U.; Pery, R.; Shapiro, R.; Tulchinsky, H.; Badran, B.; Dayan, K.; Iskhakov, A.; Lecaros, J.; Nabih, N.; Angrima, I.; Bardini, R.; Pizzolato, E.; Tonello, M.; Arces, F.; Balestri, R.; Ceccarelli, C.; Prosperi, V.; Rossi, E.; Giannini, I.; Vincenti, L.; Altomare, D. F.; Di Candido, F.; Di Iena, M.; Guglielmi, A.; Caputi-Iam-Brenghi, O.; Marsanic, P.; Mellano, A.; Muratore, A.; Annecchiarico, M.; Bencini, L.; Bona-Pasta, S. Amore; Coratti, A.; Guerra, F.; Asteria, C. R.; Boccia, L.; Gerard, L.; Pascariello, A.; Manca, G.; Marino, F.; Casaril, A.; Inama, M.; Moretto, G.; Bacchelli, C.; Carvello, M.; Mariani, N.; Montorsi, M.; Spinelli, A.; Romairone, E.; Scabini, S.; Belli, A.; Bianco, F.; de Franciscis, S.; Romano, G. Maria; Delrio, P.; Pace, U.; Rega, D.; Sassaroli, C.; Scala, D.; de Luca, R.; Ruggieri, E.; Elbetti, C.; Garzi, A.; Romoli, L.; Scatizzi, M.; Vannucchi, A.; Curletti, G.; Durante, V.; Galleano, R.; Mariani, F.; Reggiani, L.; Bellomo, R.; Infantino, A.; Franceschilli, L.; Sileri, P.; Clementi, I.; Coletta, D.; La Torre, F.; Mingoli, A.; Velluti, F.; Di Giacomo, A.; Fiorot, A.; Massani, M.; Padoan, L.; Ruffolo, C.; Caruso, S.; Franceschini, F.; Laessig, R.; Monaci, I.; Rontini, M.; de Nardi, P.; Elmore, U.; Lemma, M.; Rosati, R.; Tamburini, A.; de Luca, M.; Sartori, A.; Benevento, A.; Bottini, C.; Ferrari, C. C.; Pata, F.; Tessera, G.; Pellino, G.; Selvaggi, F.; Lanzani, A.; Romano, F.; Sgroi, G.; Steccanella, F.; Turati, L.; Yamamoto, T.; Ancans, G.; Gerkis, S.; Leja, M.; Pcolkins, A.; Sivins, A.; Latkauskas, T.; Lizdenis, P.; Saladzin-Skas, Z.; Svagzdys, S.; Tamelis, A.; Razbadauskas, A.; Sokolovas, M.; Dulskas, A.; Samalavicius, N.; Jotautas, V.; Mikalauskas, S.; Poskus, E.; Poskus, T.; Strupas, K.; Camenzuli, C.; Cini, C.; Predrag, A.; Psaila, J.; Spiteri, N.; Buskens, C.; de Groof, E. J.; Gooszen, J.; Tanis, P.; Belgers, E.; Davids, P.; Furnee, E.; Postma, E.; Pronk, A.; Smakman, N.; Clermonts, S.; Zimmerman, D.; Omloo, J.; van der Zaag, E.; van Duijvendijk, P.; Wassenaar, E.; Bruijninckx, M.; de Graff, E.; Doornebosch, P.; Tetteroo, G.; Vermaas, M.; Iordens, G.; Knops, S.; Toorenvliet, B.; van Westereenen, H. L.; Boerma, E.; Coene, P.; van der Harst, E.; van der Pool, A.; Raber, M.; Melenhorst, J.; de Castro, S.; Gerhards, M.; Arron, M.; Bremers, A.; de Wilt, H.; Ferenschild, F.; Yauw, S.; Cense, H.; Demirkiran, A.; Hunfeld, M.; Mulder, I.; Nonner, J.; Swank, H.; van Wagensveld, B.; Bolmers, M.; Briel, J.; van Geloven, A.; van Rossem, C.; Klemann, V.; Konsten, J.; Leenders, B.; Schok, T.; Bleeker, W.; Brun, M.; Helgeland, M.; Ignjatovic, D.; Oresland, T.; Yousefi, P.; Backe, I. Faten; Sjo, O. Helmer; Nesbakken, A.; Tandberg-Eriksen, M.; Cais, A.; Traeland, J. Hallvard; Herikstad, R.; Korner, H.; Lauvland, N.; Jajtner, D.; Kabiesz, W.; Rak, M.; Gmerek, L.; Horbacka, K.; Horst, N.; Krokowicz, P.; Kwiatkowski, A.; Pasnik, K.; Karcz, P.; Romaniszyn, M.; Rusek, T.; Walega, P.; Czarencki, R.; Obuszko, Z.; Sitarska, M.; Wojciech, W.; Zawadzki, M.; Amado, S.; Clara, P.; Couceiro, A.; Malaquias, R.; Rama, N.; Almeida, A.; Barbosa, E.; Cernadas, E.; Duarte, A.; Silva, P.; Costa, S.; Martinez Insua, C.; Pereira, J.; Pereira, C.; Sacchetti, M.; Carvalho Pinto, B.; Vieira Sousa, P. Jorge; Marques, R.; Oliveira, A.; Cardoso, R.; Carlos, S.; Corte-Real, J.; Moniz Pereira, P.; Souto, R.; Carneiro, C.; Marinho, R.; Nunes, V.; Rocha, R.; Sousa, M.; Leite, J.; Melo, F.; Pimentel, J.; Ventura, L.; Vila Nova, C.; Copacscu, C.; Bintintan, V.; Ciuce, C.; Dindelegan, G.; Scurtu, R.; Seicean, R.; Domansky, N.; Karachun, A.; Moiseenko, A.; Pelipas, Y.; Petrov, A.; Pravosudov, I.; Aiupov, R.; Akmalov, Y.; Parfenov, A.; Suleymanov, N.; Tarasov, N.; Jumabaev, H.; Mamedli, Z.; Rasulov, A.; Aliev, I.; Chernikovskiy, I.; Kochnev, V.; Komyak, K.; Smirnov, A.; Achkasov, S.; Bolikhov, K.; Shelygin, Y.; Sushkov, O.; Zapolskiy, A.; Gvozdenovic, M.; Jovanovic, D.; Lausevic, Z.; Cvetkovic, D.; Maravic, M.; Milovanovic, B.; Stojakovic, N.; Tripkovic, I.; Mihajlovic, D.; Nestorovic, M.; Pecic, V.; Petrovic, D.; Stanojevic, G.; Barisic, G.; Dimitrijevic, I.; Krivokapic, Z.; Markovic, V.; Popovic, M.; Aleksic, A.; Dabic, D.; Kostic, I.; Milojkovic, A.; Perunicic, V.; Lukic, D.; Petrovic, T.; Radovanovic, D.; Radovanovic, Z.; Cuk, V. M.; Cuk, V. V.; Kenic, M.; Kovacevic, B.; Krdzic, I.; Korcek, J.; Rems, M.; Toplak, J.; Escarra, J.; Gil Barrionuevo, M.; Golda, T.; Kreisler Moreno, E.; Zerpa Martin, C.; Alvarez Laso, C.; Cumplido, P.; Padin, H.; Baixauli Fons, J.; Hernandez-Lizoain, J.; Martinez-Ortega, P.; Molina-Fernandez, M.; Sanchez-Justicia, C.; Gracia Solanas, J. Antonio; Diaz de laspra, E. Cordoba; Echazarreta-Gallego, E.; Elia-Guedea, M.; Ramirez, J.; Arredondo Chaves, J.; Gonzalez, P. Diez; Elosua, T.; Sahagun, J.; Turienzo Frade, A.; Alvarez Conde, J.; Castrillo, E.; Diaz Maag, R.; Maderuelo, V.; Saldarriaga, L.; Aldrey Cao, I.; Fernandez Varela, X.; Nunez Fernandez, S.; Parajo Calvo, A.; Villar Alvarez, S.; Blesa Sierra, I.; Lozano, R.; Marquez, M.; Porcel, O.; Menendez, P.; Fernandez Hevia, M.; Flores Siguenza, L.; Jimenez Toscano, M.; Lacy Fortuny, A.; Ordonez Trujillo, J.; Espi, A.; Garcia-Botello, S.; Martin-Arevalo, J.; Moro-Valdezate, D.; Pla-Marti, V.; Blanco-Antona, F.; Abrisqueta, J.; Ibanez Canovas, N.; Lujan Mompean, J.; Escola Ripoll, D.; Martinez Gonzalez, S.; Parodi, J.; Fernandez Lopez, A.; Ramos Fernandez, M.; Castellvi Valls, J.; Ortiz de Zarate, L.; Ribas, R.; Sabia, D.; Viso, L.; Alonso Goncalves, S.; Gil Egea, M. Jose; Pascual Damieta, M.; Pera, M.; Salvans Ruiz, S.; Bernal, J.; Landete, F.; Ais, G.; Etreros, J.; Aguilo Lucia, J.; Bosca, A.; Deusa, S.; Garcia del Cano, J.; Viciano, V.; Garcia-Armengol, J.; Roig, J.; Blas, J.; Escartin, J.; Fatas, J.; Fernando, J.; Ferrer, R.; Arias Pacheco, R.; Garcia Florez, L.; Moreno Gijon, M.; Otero Diez, J.; Solar Garcia, L.; Aguilar Teixido, F.; Balaguer Ojo, C.; Bargallo Berzosa, J.; Lamas Moure, S.; Sierra, J. Enrique; Ferminan, A.; Herrerias, F.; Rufas, M.; Vinas, J.; Codina-Cazador, A.; Farres, R.; Gomez, N.; Julia, D.; Planellas, P.; Lopez, J.; Luna, A.; Maristany, C.; Munoz Duyos, A.; Puertolas, N.; Alcantara Moral, M.; Serra-Aracil, X.; Concheiro Coello, P.; Gomez, D.; Carton, C.; Miguel, A.; Reoyo Pascual, F.; Valero Cerrato, X.; Zambrano Munoz, R.; Cervera-Aldama, J.; Gonzalez, J. Garcia; Ramos-Prada, J.; Santamaria-Olabarrieta, M.; Uriguen-Echeverria, A.; Coves Alcover, R.; Espinosa Soria, J.; Fernandez Rodriguez, E.; Hernandis Villalba, J.; Maturana Ibanenz, V.; de la Torre Gonzalez, F.; Huerga, D.; Perez Viejo, E.; Rivera, A.; Ruiz Ucar, E.; Garcia-Septiem, J.; Jimenez, V.; Jimenez Miramon, J.; Ramons Rodriquez, J.; Rodriguez Alvarez, V.; Garcea, A.; Ponchietti, L.; Borda, N.; Enriquez-Navascues, J.; Saralegui, Y.; Febles Molina, G.; Nogues, E.; Rodriguez Mendez, A.; Roque Castellano, C.; Sosa Quesada, Y.; Alvarez-Gallego, M.; Pascual, I.; Rubio-Perez, I.; Diaz-San Andres, B.; Tone-Villanueva, F.; Alonso, J.; Cagigas, C.; Castillo, J.; gomez, M.; Martin-Parra, J.; Mengual Ballester, M.; Pellicer Franco, E.; Soria Aledo, V.; Valero Navarro, G.; Caballero Rodriguez, E.; Gonzalez de Chaves, P.; Hernandez, G.; Perez Alvarez, A.; Soto Sanchez, A.; Becerra Garcia, F. Cesar; Alonso Roque, J. Guillermo; Rodriguez Arias, F. Lopez; del Valle Ruiz, S. R.; Sanchez de la Villa, G.; Compan, A.; Garcia Marin, A.; Nofuentes, C.; Orts Mico, F.; Perez Auladell, V.; Carrasco, M.; Duque Perez, C.; Galvez-Pastor, S.; Navarro Garcia, I.; Sanchez Perez, A.; Enjuto, D.; Manuel Bujalance, F.; Marcelin, N.; Perez, M.; Serrano Garcia, R.; Cabrera, A.; de la Portilla, F.; Diaz-Pavon, J.; Jimenez-Rodriguez, R.; Vazquez-Monchul, J.; Daza Gonzalez, J.; Gomez Perez, R.; Rivera Castellano, J.; Roldan de la Rua, J.; Errasti Alustiza, J.; Fernandez, L.; Romeo Ramirez, J.; Sardon Ramos, J.; Cermeno Toral, B.; Alias, D.; Garcia-Olmo, D.; Guadalajara, H.; Herreros, M.; Pacheco, P.; del Castillo Diez, F.; Lima Pinto, F.; Martinez Alegre, J.; Ortega, I.; Nieto Antonio, A. Picardo; Caro, A.; Escuder, J.; Feliu, F.; Millan, M.; Alos Company, R.; Frangi Caregnato, A.; Lozoya Trujillo, R.; Rodriguez Carrillo, R.; Ruiz Carmona, M.; Alonso, N.; Ambrona Zafra, D.; Ayala Candia, B. Amilka; Bonnin Pascual, J.; Pineno Flores, C.; Alcazar Montero, J.; Angoso Clavijo, M.; Garcia, J.; Sanchez Tocino, J.; Gomez-Alcazar, C.; Costa-Navarro, D.; Ferri-Romero, J.; Rey-Riveiro, M.; Romero-Simo, M.; Arencibia, B.; Esclapez, P.; Garcia-Granero, E.; Granero, P.; Medina Fernandez, F. J.; Gallardo Herrera, A. B.; Diaz Lopez, C.; Navarro Rodriguez, E.; Torres Tordera, E.; Arenal, J.; Citores, M.; Marcos, J.; Sanchez, J.; Tinoco, C.; Espin, E.; Garcia Granero, A.; Jimenez Gomez, L.; Sanchez Garcia, J.; Vallribera, F.; Folkesson, J.; Skoldberg, F.; Bergman, K.; Borgstrom, E.; Frey, J.; Silfverberg, A.; Soderholm, M.; Nygren, J.; Segelman, J.; Gustafsson, D.; Lagerqvist, A.; Papp, A.; Pelczar, M.; Abraham-Nordling, M.; Ahlberg, M.; Sjovall, A.; Tengstrom, J.; Hagman, K.; Chabok, A.; Ezra, E.; Nikberg, M.; Smedh, K.; Tiselius, C.; Al-Naimi, N.; Duc, M. Dao; Meyer, J.; Mormont, M.; Ris, F.; Prevost, G.; Villiger, P.; Hoffmann, H.; Kettelhack, C.; Kirchhoff, P.; Oertli, D.; Weixler, B.; Aytac, B.; Leventoglu, S.; Mentes, B.; Yuksel, O.; Demirbas, S.; Ozkan, B. Busra; Ozbalci, G. Selcuk; Sungurtekin, U.; Gulcu, B.; Ozturk, E.; Yilmazlar, T.; Challand, C.; Fearnhead, N.; Hubbard, R.; Kumar, S.; Arthur, J.; Barben, C.; Skaife, P.; Slawik, S.; Williams, M.; Zammit, M.; Barker, J.; French, J.; Sarantitis, I.; Slawinski, C.; Clifford, R.; Eardley, N.; Johnson, M.; McFaul, C.; Vimalachandran, D.; Allan, S.; Bell, A.; Oates, E.; Shanmugam, V.; Brigic, A.; Halls, M.; Pucher, P.; Stubbs, B.; Agarwal, T.; Chopada, A.; Mallappa, S.; Pathmarajah, M.; Sugden, C.; Brown, C.; Macdonald, E.; Mckay, A.; Richards, J.; Robertson, A.; Kaushal, M.; Patel, P.; Tezas, S.; Touqan, N.; Ayaani, S.; Marimuthu, K.; Piramanayagam, B.; Vourvachis, M.; Iqbal, N.; Korsgen, S.; Seretis, C.; Shariff, U.; Arnold, S.; Chan, H.; Clark, E.; Fernandes, R.; Moran, B.; Bajwa, A.; McArthur, D.; Cao, K.; Cunha, P.; Pardoe, H.; Quddus, A.; Theodoropoulou, K.; Bolln, C.; Denys, G.; Gillespie, M.; Manimaran, N.; Reidy, J.; Malik, A. I.; Malik, A.; Pitt, J.; Aryal, K.; El-Hadi, A.; Lal, R.; Pal, A.; Velchuru, V.; Cunha, M. Oliveira; Thomas, M.; Bains, S.; Boyle, K.; Miller, A.; Norwood, M.; Yeung, J.; Goian, L.; Gurjar, S.; Saghir, W.; Sengupta, N.; Stewart-Parker, E.; Bailey, S.; Khalil, T.; Lawes, D.; Nikolaou, S.; Omar, G.; Church, R.; Muthiah, B.; Garrett, W.; Marsh, P.; Obeid, N.; Chandler, S.; Coyne, P.; Evans, M.; Hunt, L.; Lim, J.; Oliphant, Z.; Papworth, E.; Weaver, H.; Leon, K. Cuinas; Williams, G.; Hernon, J.; Kapur, S.; Moosvi, R.; Shaikh, I.; Swafe, L.; Aslam, M.; Evans, J.; Ihedioha, U.; Kang, P.; Merchant, J.; Hompes, R.; Middleton, R.; Broomfield, A.; Crutten-Wood, D.; Foster, J.; Nash, G.; Akhtar, M.; Boshnaq, M.; Eldesouky, S.; Mangam, S.; Rabie, M.; Ahmed, J.; Khan, J.; Goh, N. Ming; Shamali, A.; Stefan, S.; Thompson, C.; Amin, A.; Docherty, J.; Lim, M.; Walker, K.; Watson, A.; Hossack, M.; Mackenzie, N.; Paraoan, M.; Alam, N.; Daniels, I.; Narang, S.; Pathak, S.; Smart, N.; Al-Qaddo, A.; Codd, R.; Rutka, O.; Bronder, C.; Crighton, I.; Davies, E.; Raymond, T.; Bookless, L.; Griffiths, B.; Plusa, S.; Carlson, G.; Harrison, R.; Lees, N.; Mason, C.; Quayle, J.; Branagan, G.; Broadhurst, J.; Chave, H.; Sleight, S.; Awad, F.; Cruickshank, N.; Joy, H.; Boereboom, C.; Daliya, P.; Dhillon, A.; Watson, N.; Watson, R.; Artioukh, D.; Gokul, K.; Javed, M.; Kong, R.; Sutton, J.; Faiz, O.; Jenkins, I.; Leo, C. A.; Samaranayake, S. F.; Warusavitarne, J.; Arya, S.; Bhan, C.; Mukhtar, H.; Oshowo, A.; Wilson, J.; Duff, S.; Fatayer, T.; Mbuvi, J.; Sharma, A.; Cornish, J.; Davies, L.; Harries, R.; Morris, C.; Torkington, J.; Knight, J.; Lai, C.; Shihab, O.; Tzivanakis, A.; Hussain, A.; Luke, D.; Padwick, R.; Torrance, A.; Tsiamis, A.; Dawson, P.; Balfour, A.; Brady, R.; Mander, J.; Paterson, H.; Chandratreya, N.; Chu, H.; Cutting, J.; Vernon, S.; Ho, C. Wai; Andreani, S.; Patel, H.; Warner, M.; Tan, J. Yan Qi; Gidwani, A.; Lawther, R.; Loughlin, P.; Skelly, B.; Spence, R.; Iqbal, A.; Khan, A.; Perrin, K.; Raza, A.; Tan, S.

    2017-01-01

    Aim The anastomosis technique used following right-sided colonic resection is widely variable and may affect patient outcome. This study aimed to assess the association between leak and anastomosis technique (stapled vs handsewn). Method This was a prospective, multicentre, international audit

  12. Predictors of Postoperative Aftercare Attrition among Gastric Bypass Patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khorgami, Zhamak; Zhang, Chi; Messiah, Sarah E; de la Cruz-Muñoz, Nestor

    2015-06-01

    Background: Poor adherence to post-bariatric surgery aftercare continues to challenge surgical practices. The objective of this study was to identify factors that predict poor aftercare attendance among patients who underwent Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass (RYGB) surgery. Method: A retrospective medical chart review of patients who underwent RYGB from 2002 to 2011 was conducted. Patients with four visits or more in the first 2 years (>50%) were categorized as "acceptable follow-up" and with ≤50% as "poor follow-up." Demographics, presurgical body mass index (BMI), and comorbidities were compared using multivariate analysis. Results: Out of 2,658 patients, 1,092 (41.1%) had acceptable follow-up. Preoperative factors that predicted acceptable follow-up included female gender (odds ratio [OR] 1.41 [95% confidence interval (CI) 1.15-1.72]), older age (OR 1.03 [95% CI 1.03-1.04]), higher BMI at surgery (OR 1.02 [95% CI 1.01-1.03]), and Hispanic ethnicity (OR 1.40 [95% CI 1.15-1.72]). Conversely, presence of diabetes mellitus (OR 0.58 [95% CI 0.39-0.88]), hypertension (OR 0.53 [95% CI 0.39-0.72]), and obstructive sleep apnea (OR 0.39 [95% CI 0.26-0.57]) predicted less adherence to RYGB aftercare. Conclusion: These findings suggest RYGB patients' age, gender, ethnicity, preoperative BMI, and certain comorbidities should be considered to maximize postoperative aftercare attendance.

  13. Deep organ space infection after emergency bowel resection and anastomosis: The anatomic site does not matter.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benjamin, Elizabeth; Siboni, Stefano; Haltmeier, Tobias; Inaba, Kenji; Lam, Lydia; Demetriades, Demetrios

    2015-11-01

    Deep organ space infection (DOSI) is a serious complication after emergency bowel resection and anastomosis. The aim of this study was to identify the incidence and risk factors for the development of DOSI. National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database study including patients who underwent large bowel or small bowel resection and primary anastomosis. The incidence, outcomes, and risk factors for DOSI were evaluated using univariate and multivariate analyses. A total of 87,562 patients underwent small bowel, large bowel, or rectal resection and anastomosis. Of these, 14,942 (17.1%) underwent emergency operations and formed the study population. The overall mortality rate in emergency operations was 12.5%, and the rate of DOSI was 5.6%. A total of 18.0% required ventilatory support in more than 48 hours, and 16.0% required reoperation. Predictors of DOSI included age, steroid use, sepsis or septic shock on admission, severe wound contamination, and advanced American Society of Anesthesiologists classification. The anatomic location of resection and anastomosis was not significantly associated with DOSI. Patients undergoing emergency bowel resection and anastomosis have a high mortality, risk of DOSI, and systemic complications. Independent predictors of DOSI include wound and American Society of Anesthesiologists classification, sepsis or septic shock on admission, and steroid use. The anatomic location of resection and anastomosis was not significantly associated with DOSI. Epidemiologic/prognostic study, level III.

  14. DISTAL SPLENORENAL VENOUS ANASTOMOSIS IN TREATMENT OF DIABETES MELLITUS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T. I. Shraer

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available We studied the outcomes of the operations for distal splenorenal venous anastomosis of 134 patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus. We have noticed the significant improvement of patient’s general condition due to spasmolytic effect of glucagon, bypassed to blood circulation without coming through liver and also a stabilization of glyce- mia because of a restoration of insulin-glucagon ratio in systemic circulation. The effect of a surgery depends on a stage of microangiopathy and nephrosclerosis. 

  15. Frequency, Clinical Features and Factors Associated with Pouchitis after Proctocolectomy with Ileo-Pouch-Anal Anastomosis in Patients with Ulcerative Colitis: A Latin-American Country Retrospective-Cohort Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yamamoto-Furusho, Jesús K; Sarmiento Aguilar, Andrea

    2015-01-01

    Pouchitis is the most common complication of proctocolectomy with ileo-pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA) for ulcerative colitis (UC). No previous study in Mexico has evaluated this issue; our aim was to evaluate its frequency, clinical characteristics and factors associated with its presence in Mexican patients with UC and IPAA. Retrospective-cohort study including 70 patients with histopathological diagnosis of UC and IPAA between 1983 and 2014 from inflammatory bowel disease clinic of a tertiary care center. The statistical analysis used descriptive statistics, chi-square and Fisher's exact test for categorical variables and Student's t test for numeric variables. Univariate analysis was performed to identify the factors associated. Patients presenting with pouchitis accounted for 48.6%. From the 34 cases, 12 (35.3%) had inactive pouchitis; 7 (20.6%) active acute pouchitis; 15 (44.1%) chronic active pouchitis. On average, pouchitis occurred 5.37 years after IPPA. Factors probably associated with its occurrence were the presence of autoimmune concomitant diseases (ACDs; p = 0.06, OR 4.40, 95% CI 0.84-22.9) and extra-intestinal manifestations (EIMs; p = 0.05, OR 2.53, 95% CI 0.96-6.64), which was also probably associated with chronic active pouchitis (p = 0.06, OR 0.31, 95% CI 0.07-1.31). The frequency of pouchitis is high in Mexican UC patients after IPAA. ACDs and EIMs were probably associated with its development. © 2015 S. Karger AG, Basel.

  16. [Nutritional deficiencies in bariatric surgery patients: prevention, diagnosis and treatment].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schweiger, Chaya; Keidar, Andrei

    2010-11-01

    The number of people suffering from surgery and obesity in the western world is constantly growing. In 1997 the World Health Organization (WHO) defined obesity as a plague and one of greatest public health hazards of our time. The National Institution of Health (NIH) declared that surgery is the only long-term solution for obesity. Today there are four different types of bariatric surgery. Each variation has different implications on the nutritional status of bariatric surgery patients. Bariatric surgery candidates are at risk of developing vitamin and mineral nutritional deficiencies in the post-operative stage, due to vomiting, decrease in food intake, food intolerance, diminution of gastric secretions and bypass of absorption area. It is easier and more efficient to treat nutritional deficiencies in the preoperative stage. Therefore, preoperative detection and correction are crucial. Blood tests before surgery to detect and treat nutritional deficiencies are crucial. In the postoperative period, blood tests should be conducted every 3 months in the first year after operation, every six months in the second year and annually thereafter. Multivitamin is recommended to prevent nutritional deficiencies in all bariatric surgery patients. Furthermore, iron, calcium, Vitamin D and B12 are additionally recommended for Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass patients. Patients with Biliopancreatic diversion and Duodenal Switch should also take fat soluble vitamins.

  17. Multispectral tissue characterization for intestinal anastomosis optimization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cha, Jaepyeong; Shademan, Azad; Le, Hanh N. D.; Decker, Ryan; Kim, Peter C. W.; Kang, Jin U.; Krieger, Axel

    2015-10-01

    Intestinal anastomosis is a surgical procedure that restores bowel continuity after surgical resection to treat intestinal malignancy, inflammation, or obstruction. Despite the routine nature of intestinal anastomosis procedures, the rate of complications is high. Standard visual inspection cannot distinguish the tissue subsurface and small changes in spectral characteristics of the tissue, so existing tissue anastomosis techniques that rely on human vision to guide suturing could lead to problems such as bleeding and leakage from suturing sites. We present a proof-of-concept study using a portable multispectral imaging (MSI) platform for tissue characterization and preoperative surgical planning in intestinal anastomosis. The platform is composed of a fiber ring light-guided MSI system coupled with polarizers and image analysis software. The system is tested on ex vivo porcine intestine tissue, and we demonstrate the feasibility of identifying optimal regions for suture placement.

  18. Left-sided colectomy with retroileal colorectal anastomosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rombeau, J L; Collins, J P; Turnbull, R B

    1978-08-01

    Following resection of the sigmoid and descending colon for cancer or extensive diverticular disease, it may be impossible to make a colorectal anastomosis due to inadequate length of the residual transverse colon. To correct this problem, the remaining transverse colon may be pulled into the pelvis by making a "window" in the terminal part of the ileal mesentery. From January 1966 to January 1975, 302 resections of the descending colon with colorectal anastomoses were performed by one of the authors (R.B.T.) for upper sigmoid cancer and extensive diverticulitis at the Cleveland Clinic. Eleven patients (4%) had retroileal colorectal anastomoses. The retroileal apprach is a technical aid when performing an extensive left-sided colectomy and/or when there is insufficient length of residual transverse colon to make a tension-free colorectal anastomosis.

  19. Patients' strategies for eating after gastric bypass surgery: a qualitative study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hillersdal, L; Christensen, B J; Holm, L

    2016-04-01

    There is considerable variation in the amount of weight patients lose after gastric bypass surgery, and this may be related to the way they adjust to the operation in their daily eating practices. Little is known about how this varies. On the basis of a qualitative research design, this study therefore explores how patients deal with gastric bypass surgery in their daily lives. The study is based on interviews with 24 men and women in Denmark diagnosed with morbid obesity who have had, Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery. The interviews were transcribed, coded and analysed using 'grounded theory' methodology. Three strategies used by patients to cope with postoperative changes were identified. In the first strategy, patients treat surgery as time-out, using the operation to facilitate a change in their ordinary habits of daily life, but not as a solution to overweight in itself. Patients adopting the second strategy of surgery as solution would expect their smaller stomach to hinder excess food intake automatically. The third strategy of abstaining was adopted by patients who were afraid to experience negative side effects, or who believed they might 'ruin the operation'. Patients adjust to their postoperative condition in very different ways. The variation in the ways patients comprehend and cope with the operation and in its effects on their eating routines and practices needs to be further investigated and compared more systematically with the outcomes of the operation in terms of weight loss and overall well-being.

  20. Psychological changes in morbidly obese patients after sleeve gastrectomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Melero, Yolanda; Ferrer, José Vicente; Sanahuja, Angel; Amador, Lydia; Hernando, Denise

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this study is to observe the psychological changes at one year postop in a group of patients undergoing laparoscopic vertical sleeve gastrectomy (GVL) and multidisciplinary follow- up. A total of 46 patients with a BMI-35 or higher, who were selected for GVL, completed psychological testing. After GVL surgery, patients received psychological, nutritional, and medical attention during 12 months, and they retook the same tests. Psychological tests showed an improvement on almost all scales tested, except perfectionism. The most significant change was in the benchmark for Eating Disorders with an improvement of 89% for bulimia (P<.01), and 55% for body dissatisfaction (P<.01) and ineffectiveness (P<.01). In quality of life there was an improvement of 57% in the change in health status (P<.01). During our study, a protocol involving GVL and multidisciplinary follow-ups seems proved to be an effective intervention for improving bulimic symptoms and quality of living. The results of these psychological changes are similar to Roux-en-Y Gastric bypass but different to vertical banded gastroplasty or adjustable gastric band, according to previous studies. However, long-term studies are necessary to confirm this trend. Copyright © 2013 AEC. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.

  1. Vertical banded gastroplasty modifies plasma ghrelin secretion in obese patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foschi, D; Corsi, F; Rizzi, A; Asti, E; Carsenzuola, V; Vago, T; Bevilacqua, M; Riva, P; Trabucchi, E

    2005-09-01

    Restrictive bariatric surgery causes weight loss through substantial decline of appetite with satiety after meals. Reduction of plasma ghrelin levels after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass and laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding could contribute to these effects, although contradictory results have been reported. The only restrictive operation still not yet investigated is vertical banded gastroplasty (VBG). We studied the effects of VBG on basal plasma ghrelin levels and meal-mediated inhibition. 12 morbidly obese patients, 11 female and 1 male, were studied before and after VBG, when the BMI fell by 20%. The control group consisted of 6 lean volunteers. Active ghrelin was determined by RIA after overnight fasting and after the administration of a liquid meal. Obese patients preoperatively had significantly lower basal plasma ghrelin levels than lean volunteers, and the meal did not inhibit ghrelin secretion. After VBG and 20% BMI loss, basal plasma ghrelin levels increased and the reduction caused by a meal recovered. Weight loss caused by VBG is associated with higher plasma ghrelin levels in obese patients. The operation restores the normal adaptation of the A- cells of the stomach to a meal.

  2. Higher magnification microsurgical repair of donor artery dissection in superficial temporal artery to middle cerebral artery anastomosis--technical note.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matsumura, Nobuhisa; Shibata, Takashi; Kamiyama, Hironaga; Tomita, Takahiro; Okamoto, Soushi; Kubo, Michiya; Horie, Yukio

    2011-01-01

    Donor artery dissection is a known cause of technical failure in microvascular anastomosis. A method for detection and direct repair of donor artery dissection before superficial temporal artery (STA) to middle cerebral artery (MCA) anastomosis is described using a high magnification operating microscope (maximum 50.4× magnification). Before STA-MCA anastomosis, the stump of the STA is stained using methylrosaniline chloride (pyoctaninum blue) and is observed under higher magnifications. Microsurgical suturing of the arterial dissection is performed before the anastomosis procedure under the high magnification microscope. This method was used in two patients with symptomatic hemodynamic cerebrovascular occlusive disease. Postoperative angiography revealed good patency and no complications occurred. This method may be useful for detection and direct repair of arterial dissection in small vessel walls before STA-MCA anastomosis.

  3. Utility of contrast enema for detecting anastomotic strictures after total proctocolectomy and ileal pouch-anal anastomosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dolinsky, David; Levine, Marc S; Rubesin, Stephen E; Laufer, Igor; Rombeau, John L

    2007-07-01

    The purpose of our study was to determine the utility of contrast enemas for detecting clinically relevant anastomotic strictures after total proctocolectomy and ileal pouch-anal anastomosis and to facilitate management by defining a critical anastomotic caliber at or below which obstruction is likely to develop after ileostomy closure. Our radiology database revealed 42 patients with contrast enemas after total proctocolectomy and ileal pouch-anal anastomosis who fulfilled our exclusion criteria. The initial postoperative contrast enemas were reviewed blindly to determine the diameter of the ileoanal anastomosis. The diagnosis of a stricture was made only if the patient had signs of intestinal obstruction after ileostomy closure with confirmation on follow-up contrast enema or sigmoidoscopy and clinical improvement after anastomotic dilatation. The data were then correlated to determine if there was a critical anastomotic caliber at or below which such strictures were likely to develop. Using this threshold value, the sensitivity and specificity of routine contrast enemas for detecting clinically relevant anastomotic strictures were then determined. Six (14%) of the 42 patients who underwent total proctocolectomy and ileal pouch-anal anastomosis had strictures at the ileoanal anastomosis on contrast enemas. The mean diameter of the anastomosis was 5.8 mm in the six patients with anastomotic strictures versus 15 mm in the 36 patients without strictures (p = 0.0002). If an anastomotic diameter of 8 mm is defined as the critical caliber at or below which clinically relevant strictures are present, the sensitivity of contrast enemas for detecting strictures at the ileoanal anastomosis was 100% (six of six patients) and the specificity was 92% (33 of 36 patients). Routine contrast enema after total proctocolectomy and ileal pouch-anal anastomosis is a sensitive test for detecting clinically relevant strictures at the ileoanal anastomosis when an anastomotic diameter of

  4. Prevalence of upper digestive endoscopy and gastric histopathology findings in morbidly obese patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Judite Dietz

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available CONTEXT: The prevalence of obesity has been increasing in modern society. Roux-en-y gastric bypass is a bariatric surgery that involves the exclusion of significant part of the stomach. Atrophy, intestinal metaplasia and gastric cancer have been associated with infection by Helicobacter pylori. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the presence of endoscopy findings and histological changes in morbid obese patients for the presence of inflammatory cells, inflammatory activity, lymphoid hyperplasia, H. pylori infection, atrophy and intestinal metaplasia in the gastric mucosa. METHODS: Upper digestive endoscopy and gastric histopathological were studied in 126 obese patients in the preoperative evaluation for bariatric surgery. RESULTS: Upper digestive endoscopy abnormalities were diagnosed in 73/126 (57.9% patients. In three patients (2.4% the upper gastrointestinal endoscopy diagnosed gastric ulcer and one patient (0.8% had duodenal ulcer. The histopathological from gastric biopsies of these obese patients showed 65.1% of mucosa inflammation, inflammatory activity in 50.0%, infection by H. pylori in 53.2%, lymphoid hyperplasia in 50.0% and atrophy and/or intestinal metaplasia in 16.7%. CONCLUSIONS: In present study, with routine preoperative upper gastrointestinal endoscopy and histopathological examination, were detected 57.9% patients with endoscopy abnormalities, high prevalence of infection by H. pylori (53% and 16.7% of gastric atrophy and/or intestinal metaplasia.

  5. Stapled versus handsewn methods for colorectal anastomosis surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neutzling, Cristiane B; Lustosa, Suzana A S; Proenca, Igor M; da Silva, Edina M K; Matos, Delcio

    2012-02-15

    Previous systematic reviews comparing stapled and handsewn colorectal anastomosis that are available in the medical literature have not shown either technique to be superior. An update of this systematic review was performed to find out if there are any data that properly answer this question. To compare the safety and effectiveness of stapled and handsewn colorectal anastomosis surgery. The following primary hypothesis was tested: the stapled technique is more effective because it decreases the level of complications. A computerized search was performed in the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), MEDLINE, EMBASE according to the strategies of the Colorectal Cancer Group of The Cochrane Collaboration. There were no limits upon language, date or other criteria. A revised search strategy was performed for this updated version of the review May 2011. All randomised controlled trials (RCTs) in which stapled and handsewn colorectal anastomosis techniques were compared. Participants were adult patients undergoing elective colorectal anastomosis surgery. The interventions were endoluminal circular stapler and handsewn colorectal anastomosis surgery. Outcomes considered were a) mortality; b) overall anastomotic dehiscence; c) clinical anastomotic dehiscence; d) radiological anastomotic dehiscence; e) stricture; f) anastomotic haemorrhage; g) reoperation; h) wound infection; i) anastomosis duration; and j) hospital stay. Data were independently analysed by the two review authors (CBN, SASL) and cross-checked. The methodological quality of each trial was assessed by the same two authors. After searching the literature for this update, no study was added to those in the previous version of this review. Details of randomizations (generation and concealment), blinding, whether an intention-to-treat analysis was done or not, and the number of patients lost to follow-up were recorded. The analysis of the risk of bias was updated according to the software

  6. Concurrent ventral hernia repair in patients undergoing laparoscopic bariatric surgery: a case-matched study using the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program Database.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khorgami, Zhamak; Haskins, Ivy N; Aminian, Ali; Andalib, Amin; Rosen, Michael J; Brethauer, Stacy A; Schauer, Philip R

    2017-06-01

    There is no consensus regarding the optimal management of ventral hernias encountered during bariatric surgery. To compare early patient morbidity and mortality between those patients undergoing laparoscopic bariatric surgery only and those patients undergoing laparoscopic bariatric surgery with concomitant ventral hernia repair. American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program Database (NSQIP). All patients undergoing laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass and sleeve gastrectomy from 2012-2013 were identified within the NSQIP database. Those patients undergoing concomitant ventral hernia repair were compared with patients undergoing bariatric surgery only using a 1:1 matched analysis. Primary outcomes of interest included differences in 30-day composite adverse events, unplanned 30-day reoperation, and unplanned 30-day readmission to the hospital. A total of 27,608 patients underwent laparoscopic bariatric surgery during the study period; 988 (3.6%) patients underwent concomitant ventral hernia repair. After 1:1 matching, 1976 patients were evaluated. In terms of 30-day patient morbidity, patients who underwent concomitant ventral hernia were significantly more likely to experience all primary outcomes of interest, including composite adverse events (P = .01), a higher rate of unplanned return to the operating room (Pbariatric surgery experience increased 30-day morbidity. Optimal management of concurrent ventral hernias and timing of repair in bariatric surgical patients requires further investigation. Copyright © 2017 American Society for Bariatric Surgery. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  7. Minimally invasive oesophagectomy: preliminary results after introduction of an intrathoracic anastomosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Workum, Frans; van den Wildenberg, Frits J H; Polat, Fatih; de Wilt, Johannes H W; Rosman, Camiel

    2014-01-01

    Intrathoracic anastomosis after oesophagectomy has recently been associated with reduced functional morbidity compared to a cervical anastomosis. From January 2011 until August 2012, all operable patients were scheduled to undergo minimally invasive oesophagectomy (MIE) with intrathoracic anastomosis. Patient characteristics, complications, morbidity and mortality were prospectively registered and analysed. Forty-five patients underwent MIE with intrathoracic stapled end-to-side anastomosis. Major changes in operative technique were made 2 times due to non-satisfactory results, dividing the patients into 3 groups. One patient in group 1 died. The anastomotic leakage rate decreased from 44% in group 1 to 0% in groups 2 and 3 (p = 0.007). The pulmonary complication rate decreased from 67% in group 1 to 44% in group 2 (not significant, NS) and 22% in group 3 (p = 0.04). The median hospital stay decreased from 17 days in group 1 to 14 days in group 2 (NS) and 8 days in group 3 (p < 0.001). There were no stenoses, no dilatations and no patients with recurrent laryngeal nerve palsy. The introduction of the intrathoracic anastomosis led to favourable functional results but was initially associated with considerable morbidity. RESULTS improved after changing operative techniques, but the learning curve may also be responsible. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.

  8. Endoscopic ultrasound-guided hepaticogastrostomy and antegrade clearance of biliary lithiasis in patients with surgically-altered anatomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hosmer, Amy; Abdelfatah, Mohamed M; Law, Ryan; Baron, Todd H

    2018-02-01

     Endoscopic retrograde cholangiography (ERC) in patients with complex surgically-altered anatomy (SAA) is technically demanding and has limitations. Developments in EUS-guided procedures allow alternative approaches for patients with altered gastrointestinal anatomy and biliary lithiasis.  Single-center, retrospective review of prospectively entered patients with SAA who underwent EUS-guided hepaticogastrostomy (HGS) followed by an interval antegrade endoscopic clearance of biliary lithiasis.  9 patients with Roux-en-Y anatomy underwent HGS to allow clearance of biliary lithiasis after a mean of 2.5 procedures. Technical success was achieved in 100 % of patients utilizing subsequent antegrade endoscopic techniques after HGS including: balloon sweep (9), transpapillary balloon dilation (8), cholangioscopy with electrohydraulic lithotripsy (4), and mechanical lithotripsy (1). HGS stents were removed in all patients. 1 adverse event (cholangitis) occurred after cholangioscopy and prolonged intraductal electrohydraulic lithotripsy.  EUS-guided antegrade therapy for the management of biliary lithiasis in patients with altered gastrointestinal anatomy appears efficacious with a low risk of adverse events. These preliminary results suggest this approach should be considered at centers with available expertise.

  9. Percutaneous Biliary Balloon Dilation: Impact of an Institutional Three-Session Protocol on Patients with Benign Anastomotic Strictures of Hepatojejunostomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Czerwonko, Matias E; Huespe, Pablo; Mazza, Oscar; de Santibanes, Martin; Sanchez-Claria, Rodrigo; Pekolj, Juan; Ciardullo, Miguel; de Santibanes, Eduardo; Hyon, Sung Ho

    2017-09-20

    Percutaneous biliary balloon dilation (PBBD) stands as a safe, useful, and inexpensive treatment procedure performed on patients with benign anastomotic stricture of Roux-en-Y hepatojejunostomy (BASH). However, the optimal mode of application is still under discussion. A retrospective cohort study was conducted including patients admitted between 2008 and 2015 with diagnosis of BASH. Patients were divided into 2 groups: group I (n = 22), included patients treated after the implementation of an institutional protocol of 3 PBBD sessions within a fixed time interval and group II (n = 24) consisted of our historical control of patients who underwent one or 2 dilation sessions. Patency at one-year post procedure was assessed with the classification proposed by Schweizer. Symptomatic response to treatment was analyzed using the Terblanche classification. Patients in group I exhibited more excellent/good results (90 vs. 50%, p = 0.003) and less poor results (5 vs. 42%, p = 0.005) according to the Schweizer classification and more grade I/excellent results according to Terblanche classification (p = 0.003). Additionally, group I showed lower serum total bilirubin (p = 0.001), direct bilirubin (p = 0.002), alkaline phosphatase (p = 0.322), aspartate aminotransferase (p = 0.029), and alanine aminotransferase (p = 0.006). A protocol of 3 consecutive PBBD sessions within a fixed time interval may yield a high rate of patency, with a positive clinical, biochemical, and radiological impact on patients with BASH. © 2017 S. Karger AG, Basel.

  10. Laparoscopic resectional gastric bypass: initial experience in morbidly obese Korean patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Ji Yeon; Kim, Yong Jin

    2015-08-01

    Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is thought to be the gold standard treatment for morbid obesity. However, concerns have been raised by investigators in areas where gastric cancer is prevalent regarding the inaccessibility of the excluded stomach to regular surveillance. This study aimed to evaluate the technical feasibility and short-term surgical outcomes of resectional RYGB. Sixteen consecutive patients who underwent laparoscopic gastric bypass with distal gastric resection for the primary purpose of weight loss between January 2011 and December 2013 were retrospectively reviewed. The perioperative outcomes and weight loss results of these patients were analyzed. All procedures were successfully performed laparoscopically. The mean length of the operation and the mean hospital stay were 170 min (range 110-225) and 4 days (range 2-7),