WorldWideScience

Sample records for rivals2 hakim mireau1

  1. Politik Hukum Perlindungan Hakim

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Akbar Faisal

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: The independence of the judicial power is a must and an absolute guarantee given to the judge. Judges should be independent of any pressures that may disturb his contemplation in making a decision that determines one's fate. The independence of the key is not only focused on how the pressure from outside in order to judge themselves neutral decision, but also expanded the independence of a judge rules that govern self itself. Judges can not be equated with the State Civil Apparatus employees, because the position is different judges. Placement of this is not specifically regulated in the country of Indonesia. It could be argued that these ideals are still owed by the constitution of this country when compared to other law enforcement officials who already have the legality of their own profession as prosecutors, police and lawyers.Abstrak: Independensi kekuasaan kehakiman merupakan garansi yang harus dan mutlak diberikan kepada Hakim. Hakim harus independen dari tekanan manapun yang dapat mengganggu kontemplasinya dalam membuat sebuah putusan yang menentukan nasib seseorang. Kunci independensi tersebut bukan hanya tertuju dari bagaimana tekanan dari luar diri hakimnya sendiri agar putusannya netral, tetapi juga independensi yang diperluas dari sebuah aturan yang mengatur diri hakim itu sendiri. Hakim tidak dapat disamakan dengan pegawai Aparatur Sipil Negara, sebab kedudukan hakim berbeda. Penempatan inilah yang belum diatur secara spesifik dalam negara Indonesia. Dapat dikatakan bahwa cita-cita tersebut masih menjadi utang konstitusi negeri ini jika dibandingkan dengan aparat penegak hukum lainnya yang sudah memiliki legalitas profesinya masing-masing seperti Jaksa, Polisi dan Pengacara DOI: 10.15408/jch.v4i1.2621

  2. Problematika Putusan Hakim dalam Perkara Pembatalan Perjanjian

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nindyo Pramono

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available The rapid development of international business law requires judges to re-scrutinise principles of contract law in the Civil Code. Therefore, principles of good faith, protection of third-party, retroaction, and restoration to pre-contract position will be analysed to provide objectively constructive feedback for judges when hearing over request for contract annulment.  Pesatnya perkembangan hukum bisnis internasional mengharuskan hakim untuk mempelajari kembali asas-asas hukum perjanjian dalam KUHPerdata. Prinsipprinsip itikad baik, perlindungan bagi pihak ketiga, retroaktif, dan kembali ke keadaan semula akan dianalisis dalam tulisan ini sehingga memberikan konstruksi obyektif kepada hakim dalam memutus permohonan pembatalan perjanjian agar jangan sampai menimbulkan perkara baru.

  3. KONSEP SAKINAH MENURUT HAKIM PEREMPUAN DI PENGADILAN AGAMA BANTUL, YOGYAKARTA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anwaruddin Anwaruddin

    2016-05-01

    menerima, memeriksa, dan memutus perkara di suatu lingkungan peradilan maka butuh pemikiran yang tenang dan jernih untuk memecahkan sebuah kasus yang ditangani tanpa melalaikan kewajibannya sebagai seorang ibu rumah tangga dan istri. Tulisan ini membahas tentang pandangan hukum Islam mengenai konsep keluarga sakinah menurut hakim perempuan Pengadilan Agama Bantul, Yogyakarta].

  4. Occult Origins: Hakim Bey’s Ontological Post-Anarchism

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Greer, J.C.

    2013-01-01

    Convention concerning the beginning of Post-anarchist discourse locates its origin in Hakim Bey’s work in the 1980s; however, no commentator has sufficiently analyzed the thoroughly spiritualized anarchism upon which it is based, termed "Ontological Anarchism," nor the group that promoted it, the

  5. ASPEK PENEGAKAN KODE ETIK HAKIM DALAM MEWUJUDKAN KEKUASAAN KEHAKIMAN YANG BERMARTABAT DAN BERINTEGRITAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heni Hendrawati

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Penulisan karya tulis ilmiah ini dilatarbelakangi oleh munculnya isu-isu negatif terkait penegakkan kode etik hakim dalam mewujudkan kekuasaan kehakiman yang bermartabat dan berintegritas. Isu-isu negatif itu antara lain terdapat fenomena tentang korupsi peradilan (judicial corruption dalam bentuk berbagai perilaku tercela (permainan kotor seperti penyuapan, transaksi perkara, calo perkara, makelar kasus (markus, pemerasan, jual beli putusan, dan sebagainya.  Padahal untuk menegakkan supremasi hukum adalah dengan menegakkan etika, profesionalisme serta disiplin terutama oleh profesi hakim. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah yuridis normatif, yaitu penelitian yang mengkaji peraturan perundang-undangan yang berlaku terhadap permasalahan yang dibahas. Jenis penelitian dalam penulisan karya tulis ilmiah ini adalah kepustakaan (library research yang menggunakan bahan hukum primer yaitu  Undang-Undang Nomor 48 Tahun 2009 Tentang Kekuasaan Kehakiman , Surat Keputusan Bersama Ketua Mahkamah Agung Republik Indonesia dan Ketua Komisi Yudisial Republik Indonesia Nomor: 047/KMA/SKB/IV/2009 -02/SKB/P.KY/IV/2009 Tentang Kode Etik dan Pedoman Perilaku Hakim, serta Peraturan Bersama Ketua Mahkamah Agung Republik Indonesia Dan Ketua Komisi Yudisial Republik Indonesia Nomor : 02/PB/MA/IX/2012- 02/PB/P.KY/09/2012 Tentang Panduan Penegakan Kode Etik Dan Pedoman Perilaku Hakim. Adapun bahan hukum sekunder berupa jurnal hukum, buku-buku, artikel hukum ilmiah  yang terkait dengan rumusan permasalahan penelitian. Sifat penelitian yang digunakan adalah deskriptif yaitu memberikan gambaran bagaimana implementasi peraturan perundang-undangan tentang kode etik hakim untuk mewujudkan hakim yang bermartabat dan berintegritas. Pendekatan penelitian yang digunakan adalah  pendekatan perundang-undangan (statute approach pendekatan sejarah (historical approach, pendekatan kasus (case approach.  Pendekatan perundang-undangan  terkait dengan upaya untuk mewujudkan hakim

  6. PENINGKATAN PROFESIONALISME HAKIM AGUNG MELALUI PEMBERLAKUAN SISTEM KAMAR DALAM PEMBUATAN PUTUSAN PERKARA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sri Sutatiek

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract The Supreme Court is the last place for justice seekers. A good decisions can be a jurisprudence, though it not binding as on the Anglo Saxon countries. One of the major strategic step from The Supreme Court which already done is to improve the quality of decision is to impose the room system. Through a system of rooms, all cases that go to the Supreme Court will be reviewed by a competent judge or judges. The decisions that have been through a sequential mechanism in accordance with the provisions of the law would create a quality of justice and judgment. However, the Supreme Court, government, communities, universities, and other interested parties have to support the implementation of the system room. Key words: room systems, professionalism, decision   Abstrak Mahkamah Agung merupakan benteng terakhir tempat pencari keadilan memperoleh keadilan.  Kualitas putusannya dapat menjadi panutan dari hakim-hakim lain, meskipun tidak mengikat sebagaimana pada negara-negara Anglo Saxon. Salah satu langkah strategis utama yang dilakukan MA untuk meningkatkan kecepatan pembuatan putusan dan meningkatkan kualitas putusan adalah memberlakukan sistem kamar. Melalui sistem kamar, semua perkara yang masuk ke MA akan diperiksa oleh hakim atau hakim-hakim yang kompeten sesuai bidangnya. Putusan-putusan yang sudah melalui mekanisme yang runtut sesuai dengan ketentuan hukum akan menciptakan keadilan dan putusan yang berkualitas. Namun, Hakim Agung sebagai inti subjek dalam sistem kamar, Mahkamah Agung, pemerintah, masyarakat, perguruan tinggi, dan pihak lain yang berkepentingan perlu mendukung pelaksanaan sistem kamar. Kata kunci: sistem kamar, profesionalisme, putusan

  7. Kewenangan Komisi Yudisial dan Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat Dalam Pengangkatan Hakim Agung

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diah Savitri

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: Judicial Commission and House of Representative Authority in choosing Judges of Supreme Court. House of Representative Authority in choosing Candidate of Supreme Court Judges as meant By the Act related to Judicial Commission and Act of the Supreme Court are not compatible with the provision as mentioned in article 24 A (3 Constitution of 1945. It was Constitutional Court through its decision Number 27/PUU-XI/2013 that revised the meaning of “to agree”. It revised also the provision that oblige of Judicial Commission to propose three Candidate Supreme Court Judge in every process carried out in Parliament. This provision is difficult to comply by the Commission therefore Constitutional Court has regulate that the Judicial Commission only nominate one candidate in every selection made. Abtrak: Kewenangan Komisi Yudisial dan Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat Dalam Pengangkatan Hakim Agung. Kewenangan DPR untuk memilih calon Hakim Agung seperti yang dimaksud dalam Undang-Undang tentang Komisi Yudisial dan pada dan Undang-Undang tentang Mahkamah Agung ternyata tidak sejalan dengan makna persetujuan yang disebutkan pada Pasal 24A ayat (3 UndangUndang Dasar Negara Republik Indonesia Tahun 1945. Hal ini didasarkan dengan keluarnya putusan Mahkamah Konstitusi Nomor 27/PUU-XI/2013 yang mengubah ketentuan kedua Undang-Undang tersebut menjadi menyetujui. Begitu juga dengan ketentuan yang mengharuskan KY mengajukan 3 (tiga calon Hakim Agung kepada DPR untuk setiap lowongan Hakim Agung yang dalam praktiknya cukup menyulitkan, maka MK dalam putusannya mengubah kuota calon Hakim Agung yang diusulkan KY kepada DPR menjadi 1 (satu calon hakim agung untuk setiap lowongan. DOI: 10.15408/jch.v1i2.2993

  8. PENEMUAN HUKUM OLEH HAKIM DALAM PRAKTEK HUKUM ACARA DI PERADILAN AGAMA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdul Manan

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Pada dasarnya Pengadilan dilarang menolak untuk memeriksa, mengadili, memutus suatu perkara yang diajukan dengan dalil hukum tidak ada atau kurang jelas, melainkan wajib untuk memeriksa dan mengadilinya”. Ketentuan pasal ini memberi makna bahwa hakim sebagai organ utama Pengadilan dan sebagai pelaksana kekuasaan kehakiman wajib hukumnya bagi Hakim untuk menemukan hukumnya dalam suatu perkara meskipun ketentuan hukumnya tidak ada atau kurang jelas. Undang-Undang No. 48 Tahun 2009 Pasal 5 (1 menjelaskan bahwa “Hakim wajib menggali, mengikuti dan memahami nilai-nilai hukum dan rasa keadilan yang hidup dalam masyarakat.para hakim di lingkungan Peradilan Agama dalam mengambil keputusan terhadap perkara yang diperiksa dan diadili hendaknya mengunakan Teknik pengambilan putusan yang meliputi Tehnik Analitik, Tehnik Equatable, dan Tehnik Silogisme. The court essentially banned refused to examine, decide a case filed with no legal argument or less clear, but obliged to examine and judge ". Provisions of this chapter gives the sense that as major organs Court judge and as executor of judicial power is obligatory for the Judge to find the law in a case despite legal provisions do not exist or are less clear. Law No. 48 of 2009 Article 5 (1 explains that "Judges shall multiply, follow and understand the values of law and justice that lives within the community. the judges in the religious court in making decisions on matters that should be examined and judged using the technique of taking decisions which include Analytical Techniques, Technical equatable, and techniques syllogism.

  9. IMPLIKASI PENAFSIRAN UNDANG-UNDANG OLEH HAKIM PRAPERADILAN DALAM PERKARA TINDAK PIDANA KORUPSI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yusi Amdani

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The judge in deciding a case can perform all the legal interpretation is not explicitly defined in the legislation. On the basis of any decision that has been set by the judge, then the decision must be accountable. But in Decision No:04/Pid.Prap/2015/PN.Jkt.Sel, Budi Gunawan pretrial matters related to the Commission, the judge has made a legal interpretation considered contrary to the Criminal Code itself. Judge did interpretation of the Code of Criminal Procedure, on the status of Budi Gunawan as a suspect corruption. The decision has weak the authority of the Commission and the bad in the criminal justice system. Hakim dalam memutuskan suatu perkara dapat melakukan penafsiran hukum sepanjang belum ditentukan secara tegas dalam peraturan perundang-undangan. Atas dasar setiap putusan yang telah ditetapkan oleh hakim, maka putusan tersebut harus dapat dipertanggungjawabkan. Namun dalam Putusan No: 04/Pid.Prap/2015/PN.Jkt.Sel, terkait perkara praperadilan Budi Gunawan terhadap KPK, hakim telah melakukan penafsiran hukum yang dinilai bertentangan dengan KUHAP sendiri. Hakim melakukan penafsiran terhadap KUHAP, atas status Budi Gunawan sebagai tersangka korupsi. Putusan tersebut telah melemahkan kewenangan KPK dan berakibat buruk dalam sistem peradilan pidana.

  10. Hubungan Antara Fakta Norma, Moral, dan Doktrin Hukum Dalam Pertimbangan Putusan Hakim

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A Salman Maggalatung

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: The Correlation among Facts, Norms, Moral and Legal Doctrine in Consideration of a Judge's Decision. A judge must be able to explore and understand the legal values ​​that live in the community, maintain their independence, applying legal norms with high moral, ethical and adhere to a code of professional conduct, attention to doctrine and the views of legal experts in making a decision. This research aims to identify and analyze the correlation between facts, norms, moral and legal doctrine in consideration of a judge's decision. In addition to knowing the scope of the relationship between the existing facts, norms should be used as the base, and how much influence a judge moral (law enforcement in the decision and determination of the law. This study uses a qualitative-analysis-normative juridical and sociological-empirical. Abstrak: Hubungan Antara Fakta, Norma, Moral, dan Doktrin Hukum Dalam Pertimbangan Putusan Hakim. Seorang hakim harus mampu menggali dan memahami nilai-nilai hukum yang hidup dalam masyarakat, menjaga kemandiriannya, menerapkan norma hukum dengan moralitas yang tinggi, mematuhi etika dan kode etik profesi, memperhatikan doktrin dan pandanganpandangan para Ahli hukum dalam pengambilan sebuah putusan. Penulisan bertujuan untuk mengetahui dan menganalisis hubungan antara fakta, norma, moral, dan doktrin hukum dalam pertimbangan sebuah putusan hakim. Ruang lingkup tulisan ini meliputi hubungan antara fakta-fakta yang ada, norma-norma yang patut dijadikan dasar, dan seberapa besar pengaruh moral seorang hakim dalam pengambilan dan penetapan hukum. Metode yang digunakan kualitatifanalisis dengan pendekatan yuridis-normatif dan sosiologis-empiris. DOI: 10.15408/jch.v1i2.1462

  11. Performing Transnational Arab American Womanhood: Rosemary Hakim, US Orientalism, and Cold War Diplomacy

    OpenAIRE

    Koegeler-Abdi, Martina

    2016-01-01

    The first Miss Lebanon-America, Rosemary Hakim, landed at Beirut Airport in July 1955 to start a public diplomacy tour. As an American beauty queen from Detroit visiting Lebanon, her parents' homeland, she was greeted enthusiastically by the local press and closely monitored by US government representatives. After her return to the States, she documented her experiences abroad in an unpublished memoir, entitled "Arabian Antipodes." However, this 1955 account does not just chronicle her travel...

  12. PRINSIP HAKIM AKTIF DALAM PERKARA PERDATA / The Principle of Active Judge in Civil Case

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sunarto Sunarto

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Keadilan harus dengan tegas ditegakkan. Tuntutan tersebut tidak memungkinkan untuk dimodifikasi karena penegakan keadilan sangat berhubungan dengan penegakan hak. Paradigma umum dalam melihat hukum acara perdata menempatkan Hakim bersifat pasif dalam menjalankan tugas dan fungsinya. Meskipun begitu terdapat keadaan-keadaan yang memposisikan hakim agar aktif menyelesaikan perkara perdata. Hal itu dapat terlihat pada penerapan Pasal 119 HIR pada saat Ketua Pengadilan Negeri memberikan bantuan berupa nasehat serta bantuan yang berhubungan dengan formalitas atau syarat-syarat gugatan agar gugatan dapat diterima dan memenuhi syarat-syarat formalitas gugatan kepada penggugat atau kuasanya. Selain itu, Pasal 130 HIR / Pasal 154 RBG, diwajibkan agar Ketua Pengadilan Negeri berusaha mendamaikan kedua belah pihak yang berperkara. Selanjutnya pada Pasal 132 HIR / Pasal 156 RBG, Hakim memiliki peranan aktif untuk menginformasikan kepada kedua belah pihak yang berperkara dan memberikan penjelasan kepada para pihak yang berperkara tentang adanya hak untuk melakukan upaya hukum serta hak untuk mengajukan alat-alat bukti di persidangan.   The Justice must be firmly maintained. This demand can not be modified due to it was closely related to the rights enforcement. The common paradigm in civil code perception makes judges passively work in civil cases handling. It can be seen in Article 119 HIR when the general court chief judge give a support as advice and help related to the formality or the terms of the lawsuit for the strike to be acceptable and meets the requirements of formality lawsuit against the plaintiff or attorney. Moreover, Article 130 HIR / RBG Article 154, required that general court chief judge attempted to reconcile the two parties litigant. Furthermore, in Article 132 HIR / RBG Article 156, the Judge has an active role to inform both litigants and provide an explanation to the litigants of their rights to take legal actions and the right to

  13. Allegory of the East: The pact with the Devil in Tawfiq al-Hakim

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberta Tanzi

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available 1. Scopo L’obiettivo di questo lavoro è quello di indagare le modalità e la fenomenologia della penetrazione di un mito profondamente occidentale — come quello di Faust — nella produzione di uno tra i più noti scrittori e drammaturghi arabi del Novecento: Tawfiq al-Hakim, concentrandosi in particolare su una sua novella del 1938, Ahd al-Shaytān (Il patto col diavolo. 2. Metodologia La novella, scelta in quanto exemplum rappresentativo di una pratica corrente nella produzione dell’autore, ovvero la rifunzionalizzazione di argomenti e personaggi mitologici di varia derivazione, viene analizzata nella prospettiva di una rivisitazione della leggenda di Faust e del suo patrimonio tematico e iconografico. La sua analisi permette di rilevare le tappe di un percorso assai interessante: quello della penetrazione e integrazione di un mito dell’Occidente moderno nella tradizione araba, considerato alla luce degli effetti che l’interazione con gli elementi tradizionali e autoctoni di quel patrimonio producono sul processo di assimilazione. 3. Risultati In quest’ottica, il corpus di Tawfiq al-Hakim appare fondante, non solo in virtù della sua familiarità con la trattazione di temi mitici provenienti anche dalla tradizione occidentale, ma per gli elementi di novità ed esclusività che da quella trattazione emergono.

  14. Hakim Mohammad: A Persian Military Surgeon in Safavid Era (1501-1736 CE).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khodaie, S-Ali; Ghaffari, Farzaneh; Zargaran, Arman; Naseri, Mohsen

    2017-12-31

    Wars and injuries have accompanied mankind throughout history. Physicians and surgeons from various civilizations made difficult attempts to manage wounds and injuries. Among various civilizations, the Persian Empires had great armies which were well equipped. One of the most important organizations in Persian troops was the military surgery. This study presents a brief biography of Hakim Mohammad (a military surgeon in Safavid era) and introduces his book, Dhakhira-yi-Kamilah. Safavid kings (1501-1736 CE) with unifying all of Persian regions and provinces reconstructed the Persian Empire. Great scholars and physicians were raised in this era. It seems that Persian physicians and surgeons were well trained in Safavid era and many of them were even employed by other countries like Ottoman Empire and India. Hakim Mohammad as a military surgeon was one of such physicians who served in Ottoman Empire for some time. He gathered his surgical experiences and others in the book of Dhakhira-yi-Kamilah. This book was written in Persian. He has mainly written about the management of wounds and practical techniques. Later, he came back to his homeland and dedicated his book to the king of Persia.

  15. IJTIHAD HAKIM DALAM PENYELESAIAN PERKARA HARTA BERSAMA DI MAHKAMAH SYAR’IYAH BANDA ACEH (Analisis dengan Pendekatan Ushul Fiqh

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mursyid Mursyid

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Ketentuan UU Perkawinan No. 1 Tahun 1974 dan Kompilasi Hukum Islam tentang harta bersama mengatur bahwa sebelum warisan dibagi kepada ahli waris, maka harta bersama antara suami dan istri dibagi dengan cara 50% bagi suami dan 50% istri. Namun bagaimana dengan praktik pembagian harta bersama pada Mahkamah Syar’iyah Banda Aceh dalam penyelesaian perkara harta bersama di Mahkamah Syar’iyah Banda Aceh para apakah hakim hanya mendasarkan putusannya pada UU Perkawinan No. 1 Tahun 1974 dan Kompilasi Hukum Islam saja ataukah juga mempertimbangkan hukum Islam yang hidup dalam masyarakat Aceh. Hal inilah yang menjadi fokus kajian dari penelitian ini dengan arah utama pembahasan diarahkan pada dua pertanyaan pokok, yaitu Perkara apa saja yang ditangani oleh Mahkamah Syar’iyah Banda Aceh dalam kaitannya dengan harta bersama? Dan Bagaimana ijtihad hakim dalam penyelesaian perkara harta bersama pada Mahkamah Syar’iyah Banda Aceh, apakah para hakim hanya mendasarkan putusannya pada UU Perkawinan No. 1 Tahun 1974 dan Kompilasi Hukum Islam saja atau juga mempertimbangkan praktek pembagian harta bersama dalam masyarakat Aceh? Untuk membahas permasalahan tersebut, penulis menggunakan metode penelitian lapangan dan metode penelitian pustaka dengan pendekatan kualitatif. Untuk data lapangan, penulis lebih dominan menggunakan metode wawancara (indepth interview dan studi dokumentasi. Hasil Pembahasan menunjukkan bahwa Perkara harta bersama yang masuk ke Mahkamah Syar’iyah Banda Aceh pada tahun 2010 terdapat 4 perkara harta bersama dari 550 perkara secara umum. Pada tahun 2011 terdapat 5 perkara harta bersama dari 815 perkara secara umum dan pada tahun 2012 terdapat 10 perkara harta bersama dari 433 perkara secara umum. Adapun Ijtihad Hakim dalam penyelesaian perkara harta bersama pada Mahkamah Syar’iyah Banda Aceh didasarkan pada pada pertimbangan ketentuan tentang harta bersama yang diatur dalam UU Perkawinan No. 1 Tahun 1974

  16. HAKIM AGUNG SEBAGAI AGENT OF CHANGE MENUJU LAW AND LEGAL REFORM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Samsul Wahidin

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available Supreme Court as the nation institution in nation power was the legislative power keeper. The performance in law enforcement had always to adapt the increase of society law. Here, justice was enforced based on society justice feeling. Supreme Court institution was occupied by a person, namely Supreme Judge or judge of the Supreme Court. Supreme Judge as ?God Representative? in the world had to dig and accommodate the justice value in society. In upholding the law and justice, it had to be realized that it was a simultaneous and continuous effort by integrating various components with Supreme Court and supreme judge as the concrete agent. Various components in law enforcement had to integrate in realizing the law goal which processed with space and time. Space gave a chance toward the law action, both one which fitted law and that which broke it.The processing time gave a chance to people to be creative and innovative.In another perspective, integration did not only mean to build power, especially against law violation. The effort which had to be done continuously was to keep renewing the legal source, so the component in realizing the law goal could be renewed, not merely in the meaning as the spirit and all the implications but more than that, up to date renewing had to be done continuously. It became a demand that had to be fulfilled all the time. There was no word ?finish? and there was no term ?final. Process was the form of the finalization itself. ?Mahkamah Agung sebagai lembaga negara dalam sistem kekuasaan negara adalah penjaga kekuasaan legislatif. Kinerjanya dalam penegakan hukum harus senantiasa menyesuaikan dengan perkembangan hukum masyarakat. Di sini keadilan ditegakkan berdasarkan rasa keadilan masyarakat. Kelembagaan Mahkamah Agung diisi oleh person, yaitu Hakim Agung. Hakim Agung sebagai ?wakil Tuhan? di muka bumi, harus senantiasa menggali dan mengakomodasikan nilai keadilan dalam masyarakat. Dalam menegakkan hukum dan keadilan

  17. PENAFSIRAN HAKIM TERHADAP KETENTUAN PIDANA MINIMUM KHUSUS DALAM UNDANG-UNDANG TINDAK PIDANA KORUPSI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ismail Rumadan

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Semangat penegakan hukum terhadap tindak pidana korupsi yang ditengarai sebagai kejahatan luar biasa yang berakibat pada terjadinya kesenjangan sosial, ekonomi, hilangnya kepercayaan kepada pemerintah dan berbagai permasalahan lainnya yang mendorong lahirnya Undang-Undang Nomor 31 Tahun 1999 jo Undang-Undang Nomor 20 Tahun 2001 Tentang Tindak Pidana Korupsi. Hal yang menarik dari pembentukan UU Tipikor ini adalah adanya ketentuan pidana minimum khusus di dalam rumusan deliknya terhadap pelaku tindak pidana korupsi. Hal ini tentu berbeda dengan ketentuan pidana pada umumnya dalam Kitab Undang-Undang Hukum Pidana (KUHP yang lebih mengenal ketentuan pidana maksimum. Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa ketentuan pinadana minimum khusus dalam undang-undang tindak pidana korupsi dapat saja diterobos asalkan hakim memiliki legal reseningatau ratio residentiyang tepat terhadap suatu kasus korupsi dengan melihat skala besar kecilnya kasus korupsi tersebut dengan pertimbangan dan pola penafsiran dari perpektif, social-justice,  moraljustice, dan keadilan masyarakat untuk menjatuhkan putusan di bawa batas minimum pemidanaan. Penjatuhan pidana di bawah ketentuan pidana minimum khusus dalam beberapa putusan pengadilan dapat dilakukan dengan beberapa kriteria yang menjadi pertimbangan hakim menyimpangi ketentuan pidana minimum tersebut, kriteria adanya unsur kerugian keuangan negara atau perekonomian negara sebagai akibat perbuatan tiundak pidana korupsi tersebut dan kriteria peran dan kedudukan terdakwa dalam perbuatan tindak pidana korupsi. The spirit of the rule of law against corruption which is considered as an extraordinary crime that resulted in the occurrence of social inequality , the economy , the loss of faith in government and a variety of other problems that led to the birth of Law No. 31 of 1999 in conjunction with the Law No. 20 Year 2001 About Follow Corruption. The interesting thing about the formation of the AntiCorruption Act is a criminal

  18. Analyzing the Play Shahrazad by Tawfiq al-Hakim from a Structuralist Perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rooh allah nasiri

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Among different approaches of literary criticism, structuralism has a close relationship with the text because a literary work consists of sentences and expressions and the sentencesare per se composed of words. Accordingly, different branches of linguistics are considered as the best instruments for analyzing descriptive aspects of expressions and sentences. The structuralist criticism usually investigates the structure of the work itself instead of investigating affairs such as theme, sense, thought, subjective and objective dimensions. The present study is to investigate the structure of the play Shahrazad using a descriptive-analytical method. It should be noted that regarding the limited size of the article and the wide scope of the structuralist criticism, the most basic structural concepts are investigated in this play concepts such as main characters, theme, antagonists, protagonists and the setting of the play. The character of Shahrazad is the internal desires of human beings "Abd" is a black-faced lustful man "Vazir" is a kind righteous person and "Malek" is an ascetic. The interests of these characters to Shahrazad have caused an unknown relationship among them. It is this relationship that gives the characters a symbolic aspect and each of them is a symbol for continuous efforts to understand the unknowns. Tawfiq al-Hakim believes that, in the modern age, wisdom is not the guide of human beings' fate, but their lighthouse is power thirst the devil which originates form human thought and challenges the humanity of human beings in this age.

  19. Hakim Mudarres Zunuzi and Banu Amin on the Unity of Essence A Comparative Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maryamsaday Eizadi

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Tawhid (the belief in transcendent oneness or unity of divinity is the culmination of all Islamic teachings and has a special place in Islamic sciences. The unity of essence begins by the unity of existential necessity and ends in unity of existence as many theosophers and mystics suggest. This essay discusses unity of essence as understood by two Sadraean thinkers (Hakim Mudarres Zunuzi and Banu Amin according to Mulla Sadra's principles. Undoubtedly, these two theosophers have no discord as far as they speak about necessity of existence and unity of Necessary Existence. Dispute erupts when Banu voices her Sadraean sympathy with transcendent oneness of existence while Mudarres takes another position.       According to Sadra, the being which has no limitation whatsoever leaves no room for other being to come into existence and be its second or third and thus it is unique and uncountable. In this world, thus, there is no existence but one of which the rest are manifestations (Mulla Sadra, 1382, 67. This view which has been mentioned by Sadra in different positions is the very idea of individual unity of existence. It needs to be explained that in Mulla Sadra's works there are two accounts of effect: Existence in itself for something-else (relational existence Existence for something-else (copulative existence      At first sight which is thought to be elementary as compared to the second one, effect enjoys a reality and existence of its own the whole identity of which is though being related to and depended on cause and this dependency is its very essence and undetachable but the effect like the cause is counted among  beings. This is the position which is also held by Mudarres Zunuzi as to contingent beings (Mudarres Zunuzi, 1376: 357. He seem to have understood Mulla Sadra's words implying this very sense alone without presuming the possibility of a second sense. To put it otherwise, he has indeed fathomed effect's copulative

  20. A Study of Causes of Readmission Patients Toxicological Ward of the Loghman Hakim Hospital, in Tehran in 2014

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Ghasempour

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Readmission to hospital because of the impact on the cost and quality of hospital care and Impose an additional burden on the healthcare system, Is an important priority for hospital managers. The aim of Study Was causes of readmission patients toxicological ward of the loghman hakim hospital, Research in Tehran. Method: This is an applied cross-sectional retrospective study. Research community included Admissions in 1393 in toxicological ward of the loghman hakim hospital. Research Size based on Morgan is 300 clinical records. Sampling Method was simple randomly. Readmission in the present study in hospitalized form was more than one defined. Demographic data includes (age, gender, marital status, occupation, education and variables related to hospitalization (hospitalization Frequency, length of stay, and poisoning quality, discharge situation, referral and insurance by means of information form was extracted from records. In two level Descriptive statistics (frequency and percentage and inferential statistics (correlation chi-square test, dependent T test and Chi-square test were analyzed using SPSS21 software and hypothesis testing was done. Finding: During the study period300 readmission cases were hospitalized in toxicological ward of the loghman hakim hospital.13/4% patient was readmission. The readmission cause in 41/6% patient was related to family issues. It Can be named respectively emotional, spiritual, and addiction with regard to other topics. The total cost of treating patients was 206521754 Rials. The average cost of stay per patient 10256639 Rials, payment by patient 928136 Rials, and Subsidies health payment by health ministry was 1834370 Rials. Conclusion: The results of this study showed that, several factors may be involved in readmission to hospital patients poisons ,the most important of them can be mentioned in the four ares of family problems, emotional problems, mental problems and addiction.

  1. INTERPRETASI HAKIM PENGADILAN AGAMA MALANG TERHADAP PASAL 55 UU NO. 21 TAHUN 2008 TENTANG PERBANKAN SYARIAH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohamad Nur Yasin

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available This research reveals three causes of authority intersection in section 55 regulation Number 21, year 2008 on sharia banking. First, the transition of Religious Court after regulation Number 33 year 2006 on the changing of regulation Number 7 year 1989 on Religious Court  is  legalized.  Second,  there  is  an  image  that  General  Court  is  more  popular  than Religious Court. Third, there is socio-political influence and particular interests within the process of formulating the regulation. Judges in Religious Court of Malang are divided into two groups in interpreting section 55 regulation Number 21 year 2008 on Sharia Banking. Firstly, those who apply historical interpretation method argue that the section gives option towards dispute resolution forum. Secondly, those who apply grammatical method stated that section 55 is a historic, because the content has been included in section 49 Regulation Number 3 Year 2006 on the changing of Regulation Number 7 year 1989 on Religious Court which has implication towards the authority reduction of Religious Court on sharia banking. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan kan tiga sebab persinggungan kewenangan dalam pasal 55 UU Nomor 21 Tahun 2008 Tentang Perbankan Syariah. Pertama, adanya masa transisi bagi Peradilan Agama setelah disahkannya UU Nomor 3 Tahun 2006 Tentang Perubahan Atas UU Nomor 7 Tahun 1989 Tentang Peradilan Agama. Kedua, adanya image bahwa Peradilan Umum lebih populer dari Peradilan Agama. Ketiga, adanya pengaruh sosial politik dan berbagai kepentingan dalam proses perumusan UU Nomor 21 Tahun 2008 Tentang Perbankan Syariah. Hakim Pengadilan Agama Malang terbagi dalam dua kelompok dalam menginterpretasikan pasal 55 UU Nomor 21 Tahun 2008 Tentang Perbankan Syariah. Pertama,  kelompok  yang  menggunakan  metode  interpretasi  sejarah  berpendapat  bahwa pasal  55  muncul  untuk  memberikan  opsi  terhadap  forum  penyelesai  sengketa.  Kedua, kelompok yang

  2. ACADÉMICO SALOMÓN HAKIM DOW (1929-2011

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Efraim Otero Ruiz

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available

    Palabras pronunciadas por el Académico Efraím Otero Ruiz en la ceremonia religiosa de homenaje a las cenizas del Profesor Salomón Hakim Down. Capilla de los Santos Apóstoles del Gimnasio Moderno de Bogotá, 11 de mayo de 2011.


    En ceremonia sobrecogedora, con una mezcla de luto y afecto inenarrables, hemos encomendado a Dios en espíritu las cenizas del amigo y colega que fuera a su vez el autor del aporte más importante y original contribuido por Colombia a la ciencia mundial en el siglo XX. 

    Ya voces multitudinarias, en el país y en el extranjero, han subrayado en pocos días los aspectos humanos e intelectuales de quien fue verdaderamente grande entre los grandes. Como si allí resumiesen que su nombre y apellido, Salomón y Hakim, juntaron premonitoriamente al bautizarlo los apelativos árabes de sabiduría y médico, que se unieron en cada minuto de su luminosa existencia. Sin embargo, en este momento doloroso, cabe hacernos la misma reflexión que en el siglo XII se hiciera Ibn Arabi junto al féretro de Averroes: “De un lado va el maestro y del otro van sus libros. Pero, dime, ¿sus anhelos se vieron cumplidos?” 

    Ese cumplimiento arrancó en la casa paterna, donde Don Jorge y doña Sofía, con grandes sacrificios brindaron a sus hijos lo mejor que la educación y el confort podía darles. Por eso le encantaba subrayar en el libro de Dennis Brian “Las conversaciones de los genios” -que me regaló hace 15 años- lo que dijo el Nobel Richard Feynman cuando le preguntaron cuál había sido la mejor influencia en su vida y respondió: “Mi padre. Fue él quien, desde lo más temprano de mi existencia, me dijo todo lo que sabía sobre el mundo y la naturaleza y el interés que ellos despiertan. Y lo hizo con una generosidad inigualable”. 

    Esa aliciente ternura del ambiente familiar, resumida admirablemente por la Revista Semana hace

  3. INDEPENDENSI HAKIM AD-HOC PADA LINGKUNGAN PERADILAN HUBUNGAN INDUSTRIAL / THE JUDICIAL INDEPENDENCE OF AD-HOC JUDGES IN INDUSTRIAL RELATION COURT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Ishar Helmi

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Undang-Undang PPHI mengatur asas penyelesaian perselisihan hubungan industrial dilakukan secara musyawarah mufakat, dengan berprinsip jika terjadi perselisihan antara pekerja/buruh dan pengusaha maka tahap pertama penyelesaian perselisihan tersebut diserahkan pada pihak yang berselisih (bipartit. Ketentuan Pasal 63 ayat (2 dan Pasal 67 ayat (1 huruf f Undang-Undang tersebut mengakibatkan hakim ad-hoc Pengadilan Hubungan Industrial, dalam menjalankan tugas dan tanggung jawabnya memeriksa dan memutus suatu perkara harus mandiri dan lepas dari segala bentuk intervensi lembaga/instansi manapun menjadi terbatasi dan tidak optimal. Hakim ad-hoc Peradilan Hubungan Industrial merupakan hakim yang diusulkan oleh serikat pekerja/serikat buruh, organisasi pengusaha, juga diberhentikan secara hormat oleh serikat pekerja/serikat buruh, organisasi pengusaha tersebut. Hal ini tentunya akan menciderai sistem peradilan yang bebas, tidak memihak dan bersih yang diimpikan karena para hakim akan dikuasai oleh para pihak yang berperkara, karena keberadaan hakim diangkat dan diberhentikan oleh pihak yang akan disidangkan di peradilan hubungan industrial tersebut. PPHI (Industrial Relations Disputes Settlement Act regulates the principle of settlement of industrial relations disputes by consensus, if there is a dispute between employee/workers and employers, the first stage of dispute settlement shall be submitted to disputing party (bipartite settlement. The provisions of Article 63 paragraph (2 and Article 67 paragraph (1 sub-paragraph f of the Act shall result in the ad-hoc judges of the Industrial Relations Court, in carrying out their duties and responsibilities to examine and decide a case shall be independent and kept away from any intervention of any institution. The ad-hoc judges of the Industrial Relations Court is a judge proposed by a trade union, employers organization, also dismissed respectfully by the trade union and the employers organization. This

  4. Demographic study of pituitary adenomas undergone trans-sphenoidal surgery in Loghman Hakim Hospital, Tehran, Iran 2001–2013

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Farahnaz Bidari Zerehpoosh

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Pituitary adenomas (PAs are abnormal benign tumors that develop in the pituitary gland. This study aimed to assess the prevalence of different types of PAs with an indication for trans-sphenoidal surgery in a well-defined population referred to Loghman Hakim Hospital during 2001–2013. Subjects and Methods: In this retrospective study, the prevalence rate and symptoms associated with pituitary mass and hormone excess in operated patients were investigated. The diagnosis was verified after retrieval of clinical, hormonal, radiological, and pathological data. Demographic data were collected in all cases. Descriptive analysis, t-test, one-way analysis of variance and Fischer exacts test were used. Results: A total of 278 patients with PAs who underwent surgical interventions were evaluated. Most of the patients were aged 40–50 years with an average of 41 ± 14. The most prominent complaint was pressure effect, which was detected in 153 cases (55.2%. At the second place, hormonal disorders were observed in 125 cases (44.8%. Type of pituitary tumors were: Prolactinomas (29.1%, growth hormone (GH-producing tumors (25%, nonfunctioning PAs (28.4%, adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH-producing tumors (2.1%, thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH-producing tumors (0.7%, GH/prolactin (13.6%, GH/ACTH (0.3%, and TSH/ACTH (0.3%. Fifty-seven patients presented with recurrent adenomas. Pituitary apoplexy was found in 11 patients. One case of Sheehan syndrome was recorded among these. The correlations between clinical symptoms and patients, age and sex were not significant. Conclusion: The overview of demographic characteristics in Iranian patients with PAs with surgical indication has been discussed in the present investigation. The prevalence of different types of PAs and the most common clinical symptoms have been demonstrated.

  5. A survey on microorganisms and their sensitivity by E-test in ventilator-associated pneumonia at Toxicological-Intensive Care Unit of Loghman-Hakim Hospital.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Talaie, Haleh; Sabeti, Shahram; Mahdavinejad, Arezou; Barari, Behjat; Kamalbeik, Sepideh

    2010-12-01

    Hakim Hospital.

  6. EFEKTIFITAS PENGAWASAN HAKIM OLEH KOMISI YUDISIAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oddie Moch Ikhsan

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available Starting from the establishment of a suspect Candidate Former National Police Chief Pol Commissioner General Budi Gunawan then apply prapradilan to the South Jakarta District Court. Because the 77 Criminal Code stated determination of the suspect is not an object pretrial. In those articles which can be handled by pretrial regulated limitative, only for legitimate or not the arrest, detention, discontinuation or termination of the investigation and prosecution of compensation or rehabilitation for a criminal case was stopped at the level of investigation or prosecution. After a single judge South Jakarta District Court partially granted the petition Sarpin Rizaldi prapreadilan BG. In his judgment, Sarpin interprets the determination of the suspect as one of the pre-trial. Judge Sarpin Ats such action under the spotlight of the Judicial Commission for the above decision. The Judicial Commission then recommended to the Supreme Court Judge Sarpin to sanctions, but the Supreme Court rejected the recommendation because they have entered the realm of the judge's decision. The formulation of the problem in this study is How Model Judicial Oversight Committee, Oversight Problems To Know judge by the Judicial Commission, the Judicial Commission How the Implementation Monitoring and Oversight How effective implementation of the functions of the Judicial Commission in supervising judges and its influence on the judicial power. The method used in this research is using normative juridical approach, the specification of the research is descriptive analytical.Based on the findings of the Judicial Commission has the concept of preventive surveillance by the repressive, namely to prevent and then are giving emphasis and contain sanctions. The Judicial Commission has the authority to give the sanction of ethics recommendations to the Supreme Court but the repressive ie without the MA recommendations, the recommendations of the Judicial Commission to be worth sia. Cooperation and there is no obvious surgical realm between the Supreme Court and the Judicial Commission.

  7. Rekonstruksi Kebebasan Hakim dalam Memutus Perkara Pidana Berbasis Hukum Progresif

    OpenAIRE

    Hasibuan, Safni Kholidah; ', Erdianto; Indra, Mexsasai

    2016-01-01

    As the evolution continues to grow from the scientific side, the idea to establish the existence of jurisprudence to be, True science is also growing. It should be noted carefully that in taking legal action or law enforcement then, law enforcement does not solely work only to see the law in its foundation as the rule of law only, but also should build on the foundations of other, more important, the bases were formulated by Radbruch law as a fundamental value, namely,certainty,justice,andexp...

  8. REKONSTRUKSI MODEL PUTUSAN HAKIM PERKARA KDRT MELALUI PENDEKATAN HUKUM PROGRESIF

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucky Endrawati

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Case of domestic violence had increased every year, this is caused by people have a paradigm that domestic violence is privat domain. Even though, domestic violence be regulated by domestic violence elimination Act number 23 in 2004, but the victim often don’t recognize justice. In common law jurisdictions concentrate on judges, whose opinions contain masses of reasoning. In civil law jurisdictions, they focus more on the writings of jurists, both because their works are regarded as important evidence of what the law is, and because court judgements are much less elaborate in their ratiocinations, judge legal reasoning used Act priority, specially Act for Domestic Violence Elimination. So, that reasons for use progressive law approach

  9. PENGARUH KEPANGKATAN PENASIHAT HUKUM YANG LEBIH TINGGI DARI MAJELIS HAKIM TERHADAP INDEPENDENSI HAKIM DALAM MEMERIKSA DAN MEMUTUS PERKARA DI LINGKUNGAN PERADILAN MILITER

    OpenAIRE

    Mukti, Bangkit Suko

    2014-01-01

    Rank in the Indonesian Forced Armed are the ones to determine the grouping consisting of enlisted soldiers, NCO and officer. Both the Army, Navy, and Air Force rank of validity given the authority and responsibility in the military hierarchy. Rank higher military advocate of the judges in the military justice became public concerns regarding the independence of judges to examine and decide a case. This research aims to determine whether there is an influence rank higher legal counsel of the j...

  10. REKONSTRUKSI POLA PIKIR HAKIM DALAM MEMUTUSKAN PERKARA KORUPSI BERBASIS HUKUM PROGRESIF

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M Syamsudin

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to reveal and then reconstruct the mindset of judges in deciding corruption cases based Progressive Law. Academic question posed is whether the condition of existing as the mindset of judges in deciding cases of corruption and how to build a new construction mindset of judges based on the principles of Progressive Law. This research is classified in the tradition of non-doctrinal legal research with sosiolegal approach. Data collected by interview, observation and document study and then analyzed following the interactive model of Mattew B. Miles and A. Michael Haberman. The results of study indicate the need for new construction mindset of judges based progressive law. This is based on the empirical reality that the judge handling the case of corruption by many experienced deterioration and failure to bring the law in a fair, useful and protect the interests of society. The mindset of the judge who figured positivistic needs to be reorganized under the new progressive mindset in deciding the various legal problems that emerged recently that the more complex and complicated, especially in deciding the case of corruption. Judges at all levels of education and environmental justice needs to be improved for the judge able to resolve various legal issues properly, fairly and wisely.

  11. REKONSTRUKSI POLA PIKIR HAKIM DALAM MEMUTUSKAN PERKARA KORUPSI BERBASIS HUKUM PROGRESIF

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M Syamsudin

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to reveal and then reconstruct the mindset of judges in deciding corruption cases based Progressive Law. Academic question posed is whether the condition of existing as the mindset of judges in deciding cases of corruption and how to build a new construction mindset of judges based on the principles of Progressive Law. This research is classified in the tradition of non-doctrinal legal research with sosiolegal approach. Data collected by interview, observation and document study and then analyzed following the interactive model of Mattew B. Miles and A. Michael Haberman. The results of study indicate the need for new construction mindset of judges based progressive law. This is based on the empirical reality that the judge handling the case of corruption by many experienced deterioration and failure to bring the law in a fair, useful and protect the interests of society. The mindset of the judge who figured positivistic needs to be reorganized under the new progressive mindset in deciding the various legal problems that emerged recently that the more complex and complicated, especially in deciding the case of corruption. Judges at all levels of education and environmental justice needs to be improved for the judge able to resolve various legal issues properly, fairly and wisely.

  12. PENERAPAN SANKSI PIDANA DENDA TERHADAP PELAKU KEJAHATAN NARKOTIKA (Studi Kasus Pendapat Hakim Di Pengadilan Negeri Kendari

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Asrianto Zainal

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available The study aims to analyse the opinion of a judge about fine penalty in narcotics’s case at Kendari’s court, how to determine the application of fine penalty in narcotics’s case, and the prospects of criminal penalties in the future. In this study, the authors employed a descriptive qualitative design by conducting interviews to collect the primary data and a library research to obtain secondary data and the documentation. Research findings showed that there are some major perceptions of judge in considering fine penalty. One of them is to aggravate the sanctions against offenders. Meanwhile, based on the government point of view, the majority of judges found that the fine penalty becomes the income for the government, and others argue that it helps to reduce the excess capacity of prison which indeed decreases the government burdens in this aspect. However, infact, when the judges decide the penalty, they often do not follow the regulation and even give lighter punishment for narcotics criminal than which is stated on the law. In addition, the fine payment in the future will be more established because of  the payment of criminal fines in the future can be paid through installments.

  13. PERTIMBANGAN HAKIM DALAM MENJATUHKAN PUTUSAN PIDANA PENJARA TERHADAP ANAK YANG MELAKUKAN TINDAK PIDANA PENCURIAN

    OpenAIRE

    NUGRAHA, YOHANES PANDU ASA

    2013-01-01

    Indonesia is a country that is developing all aspects of life, among others is the aspects of law. The title of this thesis is “The Consideration of the Judges in Passing Prison Punishment towards a Child that Committed Stealing Crime.” This research is aimed to know the base of judges/consideration in passing prison punishment towards a “naughty” child that committing a crime. A “naughty” child is a child committing an action that is forbidden by the laws and/or the other rule...

  14. Hak Ex Offcio Hakim: Studi Kasus Perceraian di Pengadilan Agama Sidoarjo No. 3513 Th. 2015

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmad Fanani

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available There are still many husbands who decide to divorce without giving the rights belong to their wives and the children they have. Whereas, the divorce does not mean removing the obligations of a husband toward his child and his ex-wife. In the process of examining cases in giving a verdict, a Judge would not give more than required judgment in the lawsuit of the petition. On the other hand, the Judge has an ex offcio right, so that the Judge may oblige the husband to fulfll the rights of divorced wives even though they are not in the the lawsuit of the petition. In Islamic law, the obligation is also determined. This study concludes that the judge in the divorce judgment in Sidoarjo religious court uses his ex offcio to decide the rights of the wife during ‘iddah’ and ‘mut’ah’ that is not requested by by her following these considerations: to give lessons to any husbands to avoid divorce; to guarantee a justice for any wives who got divorced. The application of ex offcio right of the judge in the divorce case in Sidoarjo religious court is in accordance with Islamic law in the process of charging the cost of living ‘iddah and mut’ah based on principles of justice and maṣlaḥah mursalah, thus realizing the beneft to the former wife after being divorced

  15. POLITIK HUKUM DALAM PUTUSAN HAKIM (The Politic of Law in a Verdict

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Teguh Satya Bhakti

    2016-03-01

      A law (written law was never full, clear and complete set of community life, so it is always lagging behind follows the development of society. To keep abreast of it, the law should always be developed in order to remain update and relevant to the times. Implementation and development of legislation going through the verdict (jurisprudence in the judicial process. In other words, jurisprudence intended as legal development, to meet the legal needs of justice seeker. Implementation of the functions of law enforcement and justice as well as the function of legal discovery (rechtsvinding embodied in a verdict (jurisprudence, should refer to Pancasila as the norm of fundamental state (staatsfundamentalnorm or wisdom / genius of the national (national wisdom / national genius and 1945 as the basic law of the state, so that the decision reflects the sense of justice of the nation and the people of Indonesia as well. It declares a political manifestation of the law in a verdict.

  16. HERMENEUTIKA HUKUM SEBAGAI ALTERNATIF METODE PENEMUAN HUKUM BAGI HAKIM UNTUK MENUNJANG KEADILAN GENDER

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alef Musyahadah Rahmah

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Hermeneutic law approach can be an effort to make comprehensive interpretation of law, so the contruction of law doesn’t trap to the texts interpretation only. It is going on leaning by the judge in order to judged the case related with victim women that less giving the justice. Hermeneutic law approach consider relevancy between text, context and contextualization is in line with feminist method in understanding and revealing the truth, that is “women’s experience”. The judge will doing uncommon interpretation like applied feminist practical reasoning by doing discussing and listening the unknown in women’s experience.

  17. VARIABILITY AND CORRELATION OF AGRONOMIC CHARACTERS OF MUNGBEAN GERMPLASM AND THEIR UTILIZATION FOR VARIETY IMPROVEMENT PROGRAM Lukman Hakim

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lukman Hakim

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Information on the variability and correlation between agronomic characters of mungbean accessions with their yield are important for supporting breeding program of the plant. A total of 350 mungbean accessions were evaluated at Muara Experimental Farm, Indonesian Center for Food Crops Research and Development, Bogor, during the dry season of 2005. The experiment was conducted in a completely randomized block design with three replications. Each accession was planted in two rows of 5 m long. Plant spacing was 40 cm x 20 cm, two plants per hill. Correlation and path coefficient analyses were used to quantifythe magnitude of the relationship between yield components and grain yield. The variability among the accessions was significant for most of the characters studied, especially for days to maturity, plant height, pods per plant, and seed size. Among the yield components, the number of pods per plant and plant height positively correlated with the grain yield, but theseed size negatively correlated with grain yield. The direct effects of the number of pods per plant and plant height on seed yield as indicated by path coefficient were the highest, while other causal effects were small or negative. Yield variation (1- R2 attributable to the nine yield component variables was slightly high (61.23%, which means that mungbean accessions with high grain yield should have sufficient plant height and high number of pods per plant. Therefore, these parameters (number of pods per plant and plant height can be used as the selection criteria in mungbean breeding program. These criteria can be visualized during bulk selection on the early generation stage of F2 to F4, and subsequently on line development of individual plant (pedigree of F5.

  18. PERTIMBANGAN HAKIM DALAM MENJATUHKAN SANKSI PIDANA KEPADA ANGGOTA TNI YANG MELAKUKAN TINDAK PIDANA ASUSILA DI PENGADILAN MILITER YOGYAKARTA

    OpenAIRE

    Marey, Monalisa Mariche Rebeca

    2016-01-01

    Tentara Nasional Indonesia (TNI) has obligation as national defensive instrument to preserve national sovereignty and integrity, protect the honor and welfare of the nation, act on the military operation apart from war, as well as maintain the regional and international conciliation. Therefore, the members of this constituted are expected to be good exemplar in the public. However, in reality, the improper behavior is frequently committed by the militaries and this has violated...

  19. IMPLEMENTASI TUGAS HAKIM PENGAWAS DAN PENGAMAT DALAM PENGAWASAN DAN PENGAMATAN TERHADAP NARAPIDANA (Kajian di Lembaga Pemasyarakatan Klas II A Purwokerto

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dessy Perdani Yuris PS

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available The implementation of court judgments needs to be observed and perceived, thus the birth of Supervisor and Observer Judge Institution by Law No. 8 of 1981. The position of a Judge is not simply responsible for imposition of punishment, but also have to responsible for completion of punishment term by inmates in Correctional Institute by appropriate pattern and program of counseling. Besides in article 277 KUHAP till article 288 KUHAP it is charged another task as supervisor and observer of the court decision. The research results show that the implementation of the Supervisory Judge task and Observers in the execution of court decisions in Purwokerto Penitentiary is based on the Criminal Procedure Code Article 277 through Article 283 Criminal Procedure Code, the implementing regulations of the Supreme Court Circular No. RI. No. 7 of 1985. Supervisory Judge in the performance of duties and Observers in Purwokerto Penitentiary still met the constraints that are internal or external, internal resistance from law enforcement and the factors of factor means or facilities. Then the external barriers are the ruling factor.

  20. PENGGALIAN PUTUSAN HAKIM: PENERAPAN UNSUR MEMPERKAYA DAN/ATAU MENGUNTUNGKAN DALAM UNDANG-UNDANG TINDAK PIDANA KORUPSI DIKAITKAN DENGAN PUTUSAN PEMIDANAAN TINDAK PIDANA KORUPSI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ANTO WIDI NUGROHO

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available The judge decision in criminal case of corruption is practically happen by disparity case. Therefore, the problem of punishment is not only important for judge and the process of criminal justice, but also the law process entirely, especially in the term of law construction. This research is normative research so the data collecting is done through literary study and qualitative analysis. The result of this research shows that: 1 The regulation of corruption case eradication, there is no explanation include an explanation about element of enrichtment or advantageous but, there is law opinion can be parameter of “enrichment” element in corruption case namely how much the national detriment which has been abused by suspect act. 2 The limitation of national detriment based on the court decision in Sukabumi No. 31/Pid.B/2008/PN.Smi is one hundred million rupiah to make easy the category of enrichment. 3 The implementation of enrichtment and advantageous element by judge in the future is the threat given in the form of incompetence to do in law.

  1. Teologi Biblika Perjanjian Baru Tentang Hakim Yang Akan Datang: Kajian Tentang Eskatologi Dalam Perjanjian Baru Dan Implementasinya Dalam Pendidikan Agama Kristen Di Sekolah

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simon Rumante

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Adapun tujuan yang ingin dicapai dalam penulisan ini adalah: Untuk mengetahuisejauh mana topik eskatologi telah mendapat perhatian yang cukup dalam pembelajaranPAK di sekolah khususnya di SD dan SMP. Menjelaskan bagaimana seharusnyapengimplementasian topik eskatologi dalam pembelajaran PAK di sekolah khususnya diSD dan SMP.Metode penelitian yang digunakan dalam rangka penulisan ini adalah penelitianpustaka (Library Research yakni pengumpulan data dari buku-buku seperti yangtercantum dalam Daftar Pustaka.Berdasarkan pemaparan singkat di atas, maka penulis menyimpulan bahwa:Pertama, Pengajaran tentang eskatologi dalam PAK di sekolah khususnya di SD danSMP sangat penting tetapi masih sangat kurang mendapat perhatian. Hal itu jelas bilakita memerhatikan kurikulum PAK yang tidak mencantumkan topik eskatologi sebagaisalah satu materi pokok. Kedua, Dalam rangka pengimplementasian topik eskatologidalam pengajaran PAK di sekolah, maka hal-hal yang harus ditekankan adalah nasihatuntuk berjaga-jaga, bekerja dengan setia, pelita kita harus tetap menyala danmengembangkan talenta yang diberikan oleh Tuhan.

  2. A Further Examination of Potential Observation Network Design with Mesoscale Ensemble Sensitivities in Complex Terrain

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-01

    a successful means of determining forecast error in synoptic storms (Hakim and Torn 2008), storms undergoing extratropical transition (Torn and...677. Torn, R. D., and G. J. Hakim, 2009: Initial condition sensitivity of Western-Pacific extratropical transitions determined using ensemble-based

  3. Õpetajate erootiline kapital / Voldemar Kolga

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kolga, Voldemar, 1947-

    2012-01-01

    Finantskapital, inimkapital ja sotsiaalne kapital määravad inimese professionaalse ja sotsiaalse edukuse. Londoni majanduskooli lektor Cathrine Hakim on leidnud, et edukust mõjutab ka erootiline kapital

  4. analytic sets and extension of holomorphic maps of positive ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    11

    (1) (1990),. 49-100. 11. F. Forstneric, Extending proper holomorphic mappings of positive codimension, Invent. Math. 95 (1989), 31-61. 12. M. Hakim, Applications holomorphes propres continues de domaines strictement pseudocon- vexes de ...

  5. MEMBANGUN KEPERCAYAAN MENUJU INDONESIA MADANI, DEMOKRATIS DAN DAMAI (Sebuah Tinjauan Psikologi Sosial *

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Djamaludin Ancok

    2015-09-01

    menggoyahkan kepercayaan masyarakat pada pemerintah. Demikian pula halnya dengan kekerasan yang hidup dalam masyarakat yang berupa main hakim sendiri dikarenakan masyarakat sudah tidak percaya pada kemampuan aparat pemerintah di dalam menegakkan hukum.

  6. Application of Ensemble Sensitivity Analysis to Observation Targeting for Short-term Wind Speed Forecasting in the Tehachapi Region Winter Season

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zack, John [AWS Truepower, LLC, Albany, NY (United States); Natenberg, Eddie [AWS Truepower, LLC, Albany, NY (United States); Young, Steve [AWS Truepower, LLC, Albany, NY (United States); Van Knowe, Glenn [AWS Truepower, LLC, Albany, NY (United States); Waight, Ken [AWS Truepower, LLC, Albany, NY (United States); Manobainco, John [AWS Truepower, LLC, Albany, NY (United States); Kamath, Chandrika [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)

    2010-10-20

    This study extends the wind power forecast sensitivity work done by Zack et al. (2010a, b) in two prior research efforts. Zack et al. (2010a, b) investigated the relative predictive value and optimal combination of different variables/locations from correlated sensitivity patterns. Their work involved developing the Multiple Observation Optimization Algorithm (MOOA) and applying the algorithm to the results obtained from the Ensemble Sensitivity Analysis (ESA) method (Ancell and Hakim 2007; Torn and Hakim 2008).

  7. Near East/South Asia Report, No. 2780.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-07-08

    special occasions, festivals and holidays. The Majority and Cheap Meat Several meters from the Governorate of Giza , at a government-run consumer store...are distributed in a single shipment. Muhammad ’Abd-al-Hakim, the owner of a farm near the pyramids said, "Fodder allotments are sufficient for all

  8. Women's Work-Life Balance Trajectories in the UK: Reformulating Choice and Constraint in Transitions through Part-Time Work across the Life-Course

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tomlinson, Jennifer

    2006-01-01

    This paper examines the apparently paradoxical notion that women "choose" part-time work when it is consistently documented as being less preferential in employment terms, conditions and prospects when compared to full-time work. Forming a dialogue with Hakim's (2000) preference theory, it is proposed here that four dimensions--care…

  9. CODESRIA Bulletin - Vol 1999, No 1-2 (1999)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Subscription or Fee Access. Table of Contents. Articles. Negotiating Post-war Identities: Child Soldiers in Mozambique and Angola. Alcinda Honwana. Congolese Immigrants in South ... Currency and Sovereignty. Hakim Ben Hammouda. Men and Women Between the Public and Private Sphere. Penda Mbow. Book Review: ...

  10. Curbing insecurity with religious tolerance: A case study of Zinbe's ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Religious intolerance seems to have had its root in the creation of the Crusaders by Christians in reaction to the destruction of the Holy Sepulcher in Jerusalem by a Fatimid Caliph named Al-Hakim. In its early days when Islam was growing like wild fire the Crusaders killed and maimed Muslims in Europe. History indicates ...

  11. THE LEGAL PROTECTION FOR A GOOD FAITH BUYER UNDER A COURT DECISION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Faisal

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available There are various principles given in Indonesian Civil Code (KUHPerdata and HIR/RBg in providing legal protection on good faith purchaser, but all of these principles eventually dropped their pedestal on a judge’s verdict to decide whether or not the intention of the buyer is based on a good faith purchaser. There are also many factors that can influence the decision of a judge that can lead to different conceptions of the protection provided. In addition, the rapid development of the present law requires judges to review the general principles of law and also applying existing law theories in the making of their verdict. Permasalahan perlindungan hukum pembeli beritikad baik merupakan masalah yang cukup mendasar dalam hukum kita. Terdapat berbagai prinsip yang diberikan dalam KUHPerdata maupun HIR/RBg dalam mengupayakan perlindungan hukum pembeli beritikad baik, akan tetapi upaya-upaya tersebut pada akhirnya menjatuhkan tumpuannya pada putusan hakim untuk menilai beritikad baik atau tidaknya seseorang. Di sisi lain, terdapat banyak faktor yang mempengaruhi putusan seorang hakim sehingga apabila dikaitkan dengan itikad baik, dapat menimbulkan konsepsi yang berbeda-beda terhadap perlindungan yang diberikan. Selain itu, pesatnya perkembangan hukum sekarang ini mewajibkan hakim-hakim untuk mempelajari kembali asas-asas hukum serta menerapkan teori-teori hukum yang ada dalam membuat putusannya.

  12. THE LEGAL PROTECTION FOR A GOOD FAITH BUYER UNDER A COURT DECISION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Faisal

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available There are various principles given in Indonesian Civil Code (KUHPerdata and HIR/RBg in providing legal protection on good faith purchaser, but all of these principles eventually dropped their pedestal on a judge’s verdict to decide whether or not the intention of the buyer is based on a good faith purchaser. There are also many factors that can influence the decision of a judge that can lead to different conceptions of the protection provided. In addition, the rapid development of the present law requires judges to review the general principles of law and also applying existing law theories in the making of their verdict.   Permasalahan perlindungan hukum pembeli beritikad baik merupakan masalah yang cukup mendasar dalam hukum kita. Terdapat berbagai prinsip yang diberikan dalam KUHPerdata maupun HIR/RBg dalam mengupayakan perlindungan hukum pembeli beritikad baik, akan tetapi upaya-upaya tersebut pada akhirnya menjatuhkan tumpuannya pada putusan hakim untuk menilai beritikad baik atau tidaknya seseorang. Di sisi lain, terdapat banyak faktor yang mempengaruhi putusan seorang hakim sehingga apabila dikaitkan dengan itikad baik, dapat menimbulkan konsepsi yang berbeda-beda terhadap perlindungan yang diberikan. Selain itu, pesatnya perkembangan hukum sekarang ini mewajibkan hakim-hakim untuk mempelajari kembali asas-asas hukum serta menerapkan teori-teori hukum yang ada dalam membuat putusannya.

  13. Browse Title Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Items 151 - 200 of 462 ... LA Selim, MS Zaki, HA Hussein, SN Saleem, AS Kotoury, MY Issa ... Amira Messadi, Aymen Tezeghdenti, Mouna Ben Azaiez, Hatem Ben Abdallah, ... Wael Abd Elrazek, Manal Safan, Tarek Abd El-Hakim, Hala El-Said.

  14. PENERAPAN NORMA DAN ASAS-ASAS HUKUM ADAT DALAM PRAKTIK PERADILAN PERDATA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mr. Sulastriyono

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available This research was descriptive research. Secondary and primary data were analysed qualitatively. The result of the research shows that mostly, the application of adat law norm and principles appear in the domain of private, contract, marital, and inheritance law. The adat law norms which are frequently used as judge considerations are the right of spouse on the matrimonial property, the guardian of a child under his mother, and the status of ex-wife as the heir of her former husband. We also identify a number of adat law principles, which include the clear (terang, cash (tunai, real (konkret and familiarity (kekeluargaan. Application of adat law is necessary owing to the normative legislative obligation. In practice, judges need to ensure that adat law norms are consistent with the applicable civil procedure. Penelitian ini bersifat deskriptif, yaitu melukiskan fakta obyek penelitian. Data primer dan sekunder dianalisis secara kualitatif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa norma hukum adat yang dijadikan dasar pertimbangan putusan hakim adalah istri berhak atas harta bersama, anak kecil diasuh ibu yang bercerai, dan istri adalah ahli waris mendiang suaminya. Asas hukum adat yang mendasari putusan hakim mencakup asas terang, tunai, konkrit dan kekeluargaan. Alasan hakim menerapkan norma dan asas hukum adat dikarenakan kewajiban normatif dari undang-undang dan dalam upaya membentuk yurisprudensi. Namun, praktiknya tidak mudah sehingga hakim harus melakukan harmonisasi ke dalam hukum acara positif.

  15. Perspectives on Globalisation and Its Structures | Hammouda ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Perspectives on Globalisation and Its Structures. Hakim Ben Hammouda. AJOL African Journals Online. HOW TO USE AJOL... for Researchers · for Librarians · for Authors. OTHER RESOURCES... for Researchers · for Journals · for Authors · for Policy Makers · about Open Access · FAQ's · News · AJOL jobs · More about ...

  16. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    cqq1a

    15 oct. 2010 ... Najoua Zbiti¹,&, Tarik Sqalli Houssaini1, Hakim Hamzaoui1, Meriam Meziane2, Fouad Zouaidia3, Najat Mahassini3, Hakima Rhou1,. Loubna Benamar¹, Fatima Ezaitouni¹, Naima Ouzeddoun1, Badreddine Hassam2, Rabia Bayahia1. 1Service de Néphrologie-Dialyse-Transplantation rénale, CHU Ibn Sina, ...

  17. Egyptian Journal of Pediatric Allergy and Immunology (The): Journal ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Publisher. Contact: Professor Ihab Z. El-Hakim. Email ihab.elhakim@gmail.com. Phone +201111224974. Fax … +202 33045060. Children's Hospital, Ain Shams University, Ramses Street, Abbassiya, Cairo 11566, Egypt. The Egyptian Society of Pediatric Allergy and Immunology ...

  18. Browse Title Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Items 251 - 300 of 462 ... Manar Obada, Ashraf El-Fert, Mohamed S. Hashim, Mones Obada, ... M Essawi, H Nasr, I Mazen, K Gaafar, K Amr, M Hafez, Y Gad ... Farida El Baza, Heba Ahmed AlShahawi, Sally Zahra, Rana Ahmed AbdelHakim.

  19. Work orientations of female returners

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Doorewaard, H.; Hendrickx, J.; Verschuren, P.J.M.

    2004-01-01

    Hakim's Preference Theory on the heterogeneity of the work-life preferences of women, and in particular its implicit assumption that a woman's preference to work or to stay at home is based on her personal choices, has frequently been criticized. Other researchers emphasize the constraining

  20. The Potential Observation Network Design with Mesoscale Ensemble Sensitivities in Complex Terrain

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-01

    in synoptic storms , extratropical transition and developing hurricanes. Because they rely on lagged covariances from a finite-sized ensemble, they...diagnose predictors of forecast error in synoptic storms , extratropical transition and developing hurricanes. Because they rely on lagged covariances...sensitivities can be used successfully to diagnose predictors of forecast error in synoptic storms (Torn and Hakim 2008), extratropical transition (Torn and

  1. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2016-07-16

    Jul 16, 2016 ... CASE STUDY: THE CITY OF BIRJAND'S HAKIM NAZARI STREET ... to the attention paid to the human aspect of development, having ... result of which was the appearance of the cities with congruent regional segregation, .... Such operations can be practiced for one single street or the entire network of.

  2. Summer Study Program in Geophysical Fluid Dynamics, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution: Chaos.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-11-01

    Cleopatra, periodic solutions to Galileo and perhaps chaos to Poincar. Today we often think about dynamical systems in terms o- oincae surfaces of section...P. Berge, 1983. Phys. Rev. Lett. L51, 1446 and 2345. Nadal, J.P., B. Derrida and J. Vannimenus, 1982. J. de Phys. 43, , 1561 and V. Hakim and J.P

  3. Product Characteristics, Market Conditions and Contract Type: U.S. Department of Defense Use of Fixed-Price and Cost Reimbursement Contracts

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-07-27

    Empirica, 30(2), 149-161. Dijkgraaf, E.; & Gradus, R. (2008). Institutional developments in the Dutch waste-collection market. Environment and...Management responses in noncompetitive markets. Public Administration Review, 72(6), 887-900. Hakim, S.; & Blackstone , E. (2013). Cost analysis of...Hefetz, A. (2003). Rural-urban differences in privatization: Limits to the competitive state. Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy, 21(5

  4. Al Sahawa - The Awakening. Volume 4: Al Anbar Province, Area of Operations Topeka, Ramadi

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-08-01

    simultaneously and he had our message resonating out, including music , popular music , we had video of people dancing in the streets to the music ; it was...As Abd al-hakim Muhammad Rashid, the mayor of Had- ithah indicated, “there was no popular militia to fight the sahawa” in Hadithah as there was in Al...secure the city from AQI led insurgent dominance, and 2) build Iraqi security forces, espe- cially police, along with a municipal structure and popular

  5. Perception of risk and benefit in patient-centered communication and care

    OpenAIRE

    Hakim, Amin

    2011-01-01

    Amin HakimHealthcare Consulting, Staten Island, NY, USAAbstract: There has been an increase in the adoption of patient-centered communication and accountable care that has generated greater interest in understanding patient perception of risk and benefit (PPRB). Patients find complex medical information hard to understand, resulting in inaccurate conclusions. Health behavior models describe the processes that individuals use to arrive at decisions concerning their own care. Studies have shown...

  6. L\\'hydrocephalie Chronique De L\\'adulte : A Propos De 15 Cas | Ba ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Introduction L\\'hydrocéphalie chronique de l\\'adulte (HCA), est une dilatation des cavités ventriculaires par trouble de l\\'hydrodynamique du liquide cérébro-spinal (LCS), s\\'exprimant cliniquement par la triade d\\'Adams-Hakim. La cause peut être identifiable ou idiopathique. Objectifs L\\'objectif de notre travail est de ...

  7. A Translational Pathway Toward a Clinical Trial Using the Second-Generation AAV Micro Dystrophin Vector

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-09-01

    American Society of Gene & Cell Therapy. Washington, DC May 10-13, 2017 4) Chady H. Hakim, Kasun Kodippili, Gregory Jenkins, Hsiao T. Yang...translational studies for developing an obese and diabetic ossabaw swine model of HFpEF. Regulation of Work Capacity in Cardiac Myocytes McDonald, PI 5...Fellowship (Olver, PI) 0% effort, Emter, Supervising PI American Heart Association 1/1/2016-12/31/2017 $50,000 total funding Major goals: Salary

  8. Yunus, Abu'l-Hasan ibn (950-1009)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murdin, P.

    2000-11-01

    Astronomer, born in Egypt, calculated trigonometric functions for use in astronomy and wrote an astronomical handbook, al-Zij al-Hakimi al-kabir, the Great Tables of Caliph al-Hakim, which contained observations made by Yunus, including 30 lunar eclipses used by SIMON NEWCOMB in his lunar theory. Yunus was also an astrologer, predicting the date of his own death in seven days' time. He made prepa...

  9. Analisis Pemasaran Ayam Ras Pedaging di Pasar Tradisional Kota Medan

    OpenAIRE

    Fachri, Yusrizal

    2017-01-01

    130306044 YUSRIZAL FACHRI, 2017. “Analisis Pemasaran Ayam Ras Pedaging di Pasar Tradisional Kota Medan”. Dibimbing oleh ARMYN HAKIM DAULAY dan NEVY DIANA HANAFI. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi karakteristik lembaga pemasaran, bentuk saluran, fungsi pemasaran, dan menganalisis nilai tambah di lembaga-lembaga pemasaran ayam ras pedaging di pasar tradisional Kota Medan pada April sampai Mei 2017. Penelitian ini menggunakan data primer yang didapatkan dari observasi dan waw...

  10. ANALISIS PENERAPAN STRATEGI PEMASARAN DALAM PENINGKATAN PANGSA PASAR PADA PT. HADJI KALLA (TOYOTA) CABANG COKROAMINOTO DI MAKASSAR

    OpenAIRE

    ASTRINI, PRATANTI AYU

    2007-01-01

    Analisis Penerapan Strategi Pemasaran Dalam Peningkatan Pangsa Pasar Pada PT. Hadji Kalla (Toyota) Cabang Cokroaminoto di Makassar Implementation of marketing strategy analyze on increasing market share study case PT.Hadji Kalla (Toyota) Cabang Cokroaminoto in Makassar Pratanti Ayu Astrini Mursalim Nohong Wardhani Hakim Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui penerapan strategi pemasaran mobil Toyota pada PT. Hadji Kalla (Toyota) Cabang Cokroaminoto di Makassar me...

  11. Estimating greenhouse gas emissions using emission factors from the Sugarcane Development Company, Ahvaz, Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amir Zahedi

    2018-05-01

    Full Text Available Background: Greenhouse gas (GHG emissions are increasing worldwide. They have harmful effects on human health, animals, and plants and play a major role in global warming and acid rain. Methods: This research investigated carbon dioxide (CO2 and CH4 emissions obtained from different parts of the Hakim Farabi, Dobal Khazaei, and Ramin factories which produce ethanol and yeast. Seasonal rates of CO2 at the soil surface at the studied sites were estimated from measurements made on location and at intervals with manual chambers. This study aimed to assess the production rate of GHG emissions (CH4, CO2 in the sugar production units of Hakim Farabi, Dobal Khazaei, and Ramin factories. Results: Mean concentrations of CO2 and CH4 emissions are respectively 279 500.207 and 3087.07 tons/ year from the Hakim Farabi agro-industry, 106 985.24 and 1.14 tons/year at the Dobal Khazaei ethanol producing factory, and 124 766.17 and 1.93 tons/year at the Ramin leavening producing factory. Conclusion: Sugar plant boilers and the burning of sugarcane contributed the most CO2 and CH4 emissions, respectively. Moreover, lime kilns and diesel generators showed the least carbon dioxide and methane emissions, respectively.

  12. Enhancement of Hybrid SPEEK Based Polymer–Cyclodextrin-Silica Inorganic Membrane for Direct Methanol Fuel Cell Application

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tutuk Djoko Kusworo

    2017-06-01

      Keywords: Direct Methanol Fuel Cell, Poly(ether ether ketone, cyclodextrin-silica, sulfonation, ionic conductivity. Article History: Received January 18th 2017; Received in revised form April 21st 2017; Accepted June 22nd 2017; Available online How to Cite This Article: Kusworo, T.D., Hakim, M.F. and Hadiyanto, H. (2017 Enhancement of Hybrid SPEEK Based Polymer–Cyclodextrin-Silica Inorganic Membrane for Direct Methanol Fuel Cell Application. International Journal of Renewable Energy Development, 6(2, 165-170. https://doi.org/10.14710/ijred.6.2.165-170

  13. Pengaruh Kualitas Produk, Kualitas Layanan, Dan Harga Terhadap Kepuasan Konsumen Pada Toko Kopinkra-Kotama Shoes

    OpenAIRE

    Pohan, Reny Asifa

    2015-01-01

    The company can perform a variety of ways to meet customer satisfaction. One of the things that can be done is to learn about and pay attention to factors that affect customer satisfaction. Some of the factors that must be considered by the company in determining the level of customer satisfaction, product quality, service quality, and price. This research was done at the store Kopinkra JL. A.R. Hakim No. 206 C Medan. The purpose of this research is to analyze on 4 assessments: 1. Effect ...

  14. Diversity of secondary metabolites from Genus Artocarpus (Moraceae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ALIEFMAN HAKIM

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Hakim A. 2010. The diversity of secondary metabolites from Genus Artocarpus (Moraceae. Nusantara Bioscience 2:146-156. Several species of the Artocarpus genus (Moraceae have been investigated their natural product. The secondary metabolites successfully being isolatad from Artocarpus genus consist of terpenoid, flavonoids, stilbenoid, arylbenzofuran, neolignan, and adduct Diels-Alder. Flavonoid group represent the compound which is the most found from Artocarpus plant. The flavonoids compound which are successfully isolated from Artocarpus plant consist of the varied frameworks like chalcone, flavanone, flavan-3-ol, simple flavone, prenylflavone, oxepinoflavone, pyranoflavone, dihydrobenzoxanthone, furanodihydrobenzoxanthone, pyranodihydrobenzoxanthone, quinonoxanthone, cyclopentenoxanthone, xanthonolide, dihydroxanthone.

  15. Déficit neuropsicológicos en la hidrocefalia crónica del adulto : definición y recomendaciones para su diagnóstico

    OpenAIRE

    Matarín Jiménez, Maria del Mar; Mataró, Maria; Poca, Maria Antonia

    2004-01-01

    En 1965, Hakim y Adams publican la descripción clínica de un nuevo síndrome, la hidrocefalia “normotensiva” o hidrocefalia crónica del adulto (HCA), caracterizado por alteración de la marcha acompañada de deterioro cognitivo y de trastorno en el control de los esfínteres, junto con la presencia de dilatación ventricular. Los pacientes con HCA presentan un patrón de deterioro neuropsicológico fronto-subcortical. La presencia de signos corticales sugiere la exist...

  16. HADIS TENTANG KEUTAMAAN BAGI WANITA SALAT DI RUMAH: STUDI FIQH AL-HADÎTS

    OpenAIRE

    Fitriahani Fitriahani

    2013-01-01

    This article discuses two texts of the prophetic tradition (hadith) commanding Muslim woman to pray at home rather than in mosque. The first hadith says that women are advised to pray at home. The second hadith states that, it is forbidden to prevent women from going to mosque. Both hadiths are authentic because they are reported by the authorities such as Bukhari, Muslim, Abu Dawud, Ahmad and Hakim. This means that they do not contradict each other. The first hadist means that, it is better ...

  17. Comparison of cortical activation during Mahjong game play in a video game setting and a real-life setting

    OpenAIRE

    Fujimori, Satomi; Terasawa, Koji; Murata, Yuki; Ogawa, Kishiko; Tabuchi, Hisaaki; Yanagisawa, Hiroki; Terasawa, Saiki; Shinohara, Kikunori; Yanagisawa, Akitaka

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to compare the hemodynamic changes that occur during Mahjong game play in virtual and real-life settings. Fourteen healthy right-handed men (average age ± standard deviation; 36.7 ± 14.9 years) played: 1) a Mahjong solitaire game on a video console against virtual rivals; 2) a Mahjong game against human opponents without conversation; and 3) a Mahjong game against human opponents with conversation. We measured oxygenated hemoglobin concentration at 44 locations o...

  18. INTERPRETATION OF SYIQAQAND ITS PROCEDURAL LAW AT RELIGIOUS COURT IN YOGYAKARTA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Haniah Ilhami

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this research is to identify the interpretation of syiqaq as a legal reason in divorce lawsuit and its procedural law implemented by the Religious Courts in Yogyakarta. This is an empirical normative research, using the literature research method and field research through Focus Group Discussion (FGD. This research found that syiqaq is interpreted as a specific form of an endless quarrelling which caused danger for either husband or wife. In practice, judges combine procedural law in divorce lawsuit based on syiqaq into the procedural law in other legal reason. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui interpretasi syiqaqsebagai alasan gugatan cerai oleh hakim dan praktek hukum acara penyelesaian perkara perceraian dengan alasan syiqaqyang diterapkan pada Pengadilan Agama di Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian hukum normatif empiris, menggunakan metode penelitian kepustakaan dan penelitian lapangan melalui kegiatan Focus Group Discussion (FGD. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa syiqaqdiinterpretasikan sebagai perselisihan dan percekcokan antara suami istri yang telah menimbulkan bahaya mengancam baik pada para pihak. Dalam prakteknya, hakim menggabungkan proses acara penyelesaian perkara perceraian dengan menggunakan alasan syiqaqke dalam proses beracara untuk perkara yang menggunakan alasan perselisihan terus menerus.

  19. KATA PENGANTAR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Editorial Team

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Om Swastiastu, Segala puja dan puji kami panjatkan kehadirat Tuhan Yang Maha Esa / Ida Hyang Widhi Wasa karena atas anugerah Nya dapat tersusun Jurnal Magister Hukum Udayana (Udayana Master Law Journal Vol. 5 No. 1 di tahun 2016. Edisi ini kembali menyajikan  beberapa artikel  yang hampir sebagian besar merupakan artikel  para mahasiswa Program Magister PPs Universitas Udayana yang merupakan salah satu prasyarat sebelum mereka menempuh ujian tesisnya, dan beberapa artikel dari para dosen Fakultas Hukum Universitas Udayana. Hampir tidak terasa kita melewati tahun 2015 ini pada  penghujung  bulan ke lima.  Tentunya banyak tugas-tugas yang merupakan target yang telah kita kerjakan dan ada pula yang belum terselesaikan. Redaksi sangat bergembira karena masih tingginya antusisme para penulis yang mengirimkan artikelnya untuk dapat diterbitkan dalam  jurnal kesayangan ini.  Melalui seleksi dari para reviewer dan mitra bestari, maka redaksi dapat menerbitkan 18 artikel  pada edisi Vol. 5 No. 1 ini. Mengawali edisi ini, kami sajikan artikel Interpretasi Kerugian Dalam Tindak Pidana Pemalsuan Surat oleh Wayan Santosa, dilanjutkan dengan  Perspektif Undang-Undang Nomor 1 Tahun 2011 Tentang Perumahan Dan Kawasan Permukiman Terhadap Perlindungan Hak Konsumen Dalam Jual Beli Perumahan  yang merupakan artikel dari Ni Ketut Dewi Megawati. Dilanjutkan dengan prmbahasana tentang  Pengaturan Pengalihan Piutang Dari Klien Kepada Perusahaan Factor Dalam Kegiatan Anjak Piutang  oleh Anak Agung Putu Krisna Putra dan I Made Udiana. Keberadaan Perma pada tahun 2008 telah membuat hakim memiliki peran ganda yang saling bertentangan. Dampak dari posisi dan peran ganda hakim di pengadilan merupakan akumulasi dari dokumen kasus yang masih terjadi karena jumlah hakim tidak sebanding dengan intensitas kasus yang masuk dan juga karena hakim yang mendominasi proses mediasi peradilan masih sangat jarang untuk melihat keberhasilan. Hal ini lebih dalam dapat diikuti

  20. Programmable shunts and headphones: Are they safe together?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spader, Heather S; Ratanaprasatporn, Linda; Morrison, John F; Grossberg, Jonathan A; Cosgrove, G Rees

    2015-10-01

    Programmable shunts have a valuable role in the treatment of patients with hydrocephalus, but because a magnet is used to change valve settings, interactions with external magnets may reprogram these shunts. Previous studies have demonstrated the ability of magnetic toys and iPads to erroneously reprogram shunts. Headphones are even more ubiquitous, and they contain an electromagnet for sound projection that sits on the head very close to the shunt valve. This study is the first to look at the magnetic field emissions of headphones and their effect on reprogrammable shunt valves to ascertain whether headphones are safe for patients with these shunts to wear. In this in vitro study of the magnetic properties of headphones and their interactions with 3 different programmable shunts, the authors evaluated Apple earbuds, Beats by Dr. Dre, and Bose QuietComfort Acoustic Noise Cancelling headphones. Each headphone was tested for electromagnetic field emissions using a direct current gaussmeter. The following valves were evaluated: Codman Hakim programmable valve, Medtronic Strata II valve, and Aesculap proGAV. Each valve was tested at distances of 0 to 50 mm (in 5-mm increments) from each headphone. The exposure time at each distance was 1 minute, and 3 trials were performed to confirm results at each valve setting and distance. All 3 headphones generated magnetic fields greater than the respective shunt manufacturer's recommended strength of exposure, but these fields did not persist beyond 5 mm. By 2 cm, the fields levels were below 20 G, well below the Medtronic recommendation of 90 G and the Codman recommendation of 80 G. Because the mechanism for the proGAV is different, there is no recommended gauss level. There was no change in gauss-level emissions by the headphones with changes in frequency and amplitude. Both the Strata and Codman-Hakim valves were reprogrammed by direct contact (distance 0 mm) with the Bose headphones. When a rotation component was added, all

  1. MASA PEMBAYARAN BEBAN NAFKAH IDDAH DAN MUT’AH DALAM PERKARA CERAI TALAK (Sebuah Implementasi Hukum Acara di Pengadilan Agama

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    syaiful annas

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper will discuss the implementation of payment of  iddah and mut'ah in the divorce (raj’i. Judges often faced  a problem between text and context. Their decision imposes on men pays iddah and mut'ah life as a right for his ex-wife, but it was not implemented as the judge's decision, so that women tend to be disadvantaged ones, although the formal law can be prosecuted fiat execution, but it is not easy for a woman, sometimes the cost of iddah and mut'ah charge is not comparable with the cost of carrying out the execution, not to mention ex-husband who went (fuzzy away unnoticed after divorce statement. Therefore the necessary of a legal breakthrough to provide legal certainty for the rights of womens through the judge's decision, with consideration argumentative primarily to determine a living payout time of iddah And mut'ah. In this paper will be described legal reasons in court as legal considerations which contains elements of juridical, sociological, philosophical in decision   [Tulisan ini hendak mendiskusikan bagaimana pelaksanaan pembebanan pembayaran nafkah iddah dan mut’ah dalam perkara talak (raj'i. Seringkali hakim dihadapkan pada problematika antara teks dan konteks. Adanya putusan yang membebankan terhadap laki-laki membayar sejumlah nafkah iddah dan mut’ah sebagai hak bagi mantan istri, akan tetapi tidak dilaksanakan sebagaimana putusan hakim, sehingga perempuan cenderung dirugikan, meskipun secara yuridis-formil dapat dituntut fiat eksekusi, tetapi tidak mudah bagi pihak perempuan, karena kadang biaya pembebanan nafkah iddah dan mut’ah tidak sebanding dengan biaya melaksanakan eksekusi, belum lagi problem mantan suami yang pergi tanpa diketahui lagi keberadaannya setelah pengucapan ikrar talaknya. Oleh karena itu perlu terobosan hukum guna menjamin hak perempuan tersebut melalui putusan hakim dengan pertimbangan yang argumentatif terutama untuk menentukan masa pembayaran nafkah iddah dan mut’ah tersebut. Dalam

  2. Page Header USER Username Password Remember me Login FONT SIZE Make font size smallerMake font size defaultMake font size larger Journal Help NOTIFICATIONS View Subscribe JOURNAL CONTENT Search Search Scope Search Browse By Issue By Author By Title INFORMATION For Authors ARTICLE TOOLS Print this article Indexing metadata How to cite item Finding References Email this article (Login required) Email the author (Login required) KEYWORDS Angiogenesis Antibacterial activity Catalase Cytotoxicity. Endostatin Fritillaria imperialis, Traditional Persian Medicine, Hakim Momen Tonekaboni Herbs Hydatidosis Ischemia Liver Matrix solid-phase dispersion, HPLC, Ellagic acid, Pomegranate Nectaroscordum tripedale Nigella sativa L. Nigella sativa, Black cumin, Artemia salina, Cytotoxicity, Essential oil Olive leaf extract Renal Reperfusion Satureja khuzestanica essential oil, Leishmania major, Macrophage, Amastigote, Promastigote Scolicidal effect Superoxide dismutase Surgery HOME ABOUT LOGIN REGISTER SEARCH CURRENT ARCHIVES ANNOUNCEMENTS ONLINE SUBMISSION INSTRUCTIONS FOR AUTHORS INDEXING & ABSTRACTING ##LORESTAN UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES## Home > Vol 1, No 1(December 2016) > Kheirandish THE CYTOTOXIC AND ANTILEISHMANIAL EFFECTS OF SATUREJA KHUZESTANICA ESSENTIAL OIL

    OpenAIRE

    Farnaz Kheirandish; Rouzbeh Chegeni; Bahram Delfan; Mahboubeh Jabari; Farzad Ebrahimzadeh; Marzieh Rashidipour

    2017-01-01

    Background and Aim: Leishmaniasis is endemic in 98 countries including Iran. Pentavalent antimony compounds resistance as first-line therapy is increasing in some local areas. Also side effects of these drugs are limited at the beginning of treatment, but the toxicity increases with time. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of Satureja khuzestanica essential oil (SKEO) on promastigote and amastigote Leishmania major forms. Materials and Methods: The components of S. khuzestanic...

  3. Page Header USER Username Password Remember me Login FONT SIZE Make font size smallerMake font size defaultMake font size larger Journal Help NOTIFICATIONS View Subscribe JOURNAL CONTENT Search Search Scope Search Browse By Issue By Author By Title INFORMATION For Authors ARTICLE TOOLS Print this article Indexing metadata How to cite item Finding References Email this article (Login required Email the author (Login required KEYWORDS Angiogenesis Antibacterial activity Catalase Cytotoxicity. Endostatin Fritillaria imperialis, Traditional Persian Medicine, Hakim Momen Tonekaboni Herbs Hydatidosis Ischemia Liver Matrix solid-phase dispersion, HPLC, Ellagic acid, Pomegranate Nectaroscordum tripedale Nigella sativa L. Nigella sativa, Black cumin, Artemia salina, Cytotoxicity, Essential oil Olive leaf extract Renal Reperfusion Satureja khuzestanica essential oil, Leishmania major, Macrophage, Amastigote, Promastigote Scolicidal effect Superoxide dismutase Surgery HOME ABOUT LOGIN REGISTER SEARCH CURRENT ARCHIVES ANNOUNCEMENTS ONLINE SUBMISSION INSTRUCTIONS FOR AUTHORS INDEXING & ABSTRACTING ##LORESTAN UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES## Home > Vol 1, No 1(December 2016 >\tKheirandish THE CYTOTOXIC AND ANTILEISHMANIAL EFFECTS OF SATUREJA KHUZESTANICA ESSENTIAL OIL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Farnaz Kheirandish

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available Background and Aim: Leishmaniasis is endemic in 98 countries including Iran. Pentavalent antimony compounds resistance as first-line therapy is increasing in some local areas. Also side effects of these drugs are limited at the beginning of treatment, but the toxicity increases with time. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of Satureja khuzestanica essential oil (SKEO on promastigote and amastigote Leishmania major forms. Materials and Methods: The components of S. khuzestanica oil were identified by gas chromatography/mass spectroscopy (GC/MS analysis. To evaluate antipromastigote activity the different concentrations of extract and glucantime were added to the wells that contained L. major. The plates were incubated at 26±1°C for a week. On days 1, 3 and 5, the number of live promastigotes in each well was counted. For assessment of SKEO effect on intracellular amastigotes, mouse peritoneal macrophages were isolated and infected with promastigotes. Different concentrations of the extract and glucantime were added to the cultures. The cultures were incubated at 37°C and CO2 5%. The number of infected macrophages and amastigotes within each macrophage were counted. Toxicity assessment of SKEO on macrophages was done by MTT method. Results and Conclusions: The mean number of promastigotes, infected macrophages and amastigotes in a macrophage in the control and treated groups had significantly difference. So that their number in the treated groups was less as a dose-dependent response. The present research showed potent antileishmanial activity of, SKEO; additionally this plant had no toxic effect on mammalian cells.

  4. Performing Transnational Arab American Womanhood

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Koegeler-Abdi, Martina

    2016-01-01

    The first Miss Lebanon-America, Rosemary Hakim, landed at Beirut Airport in July 1955 to start a public diplomacy tour. As an American beauty queen from Detroit visiting Lebanon, her parents' homeland, she was greeted enthusiastically by the local press and closely monitored by US government...... a transnational sense of Arab Americanness to negotiate her own gender and ethnic identity. This is significant because we currently lack a broader historical understanding of Arab American women’s public agency, particularly during the mid-twentieth century. Hakim’s memoir requires us to rethink the history...... of Arab American women’s strategies of self-representation in ways that acknowledge but are not confined within the terms of conventional orientalist discourses....

  5. PERLINDUNGAN HUKUM HAK CIPTA TERHADAP PENCIPTA LAGU YANG DIUNDUH MELALUI INTERNET

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Habi Kusno

    2017-04-01

    Abstrak perlindungan hukum hak cipta terhadap pencipta lagu yang diunduh melalui internet dilakukan dengan cara yaitu secara administrasi, melalui instrumen hukum pidana dan gugatan perdata. Upaya hukum yang dilakukan dalam melindungi hak cipta pencipta lagu yang diunduh melalui internet dilakukan beberapa cara yaitu Kementerian Informasi dan Teknologi untuk berperan aktif dalam melakukan pemblokiran terhadap situs-situs yang menyediakan fasilitas download lagu gratis dan menyiapkan sumber daya manusia di bidang penyidikan seperti dari Kepolisian Negara Republik Indonesia serta Penyidik Pegawai Negeri Sipil dan lainnya seperti jaksa dan hakim yang memiliki kemampuan dan pengetahuan di bidang HKI serta peran Dewan Hak Cipta untuk memberikan pengetahuan mengenai arti penting HKI.   Kata Kunci: Perlindungan Hukum, Hak Cipta, Lagu, Internet

  6. Larvicidal potential of Asteraceae family endophytic actinomycetes against Culex quinquefasciatus mosquito larvae.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tanvir, Rabia; Sajid, Imran; Hasnain, Shahida

    2014-01-01

    Pakistan is blessed with plants of Asteraceae family with known medicinal background used for centuries by Hakims (traditional physicians). Keeping in mind the background of their anti-larval potential, a total of 21 endophytic actinomycetes were isolated from four Asteraceae plants and screened against the first and fourth instar stages of Culex quinquefasciatus Say mosquito larvae. Of the 21 isolates, 6 of them gave strong larvicidal activity (80-100% mortality) in the screening results and 4 isolates gave a potent larvicidal activity (100% mortality) at the fourth instar stage. These isolates belonged to different species within the actinomycetes group, namely Streptomyces albovinaceus and Streptomyces badius. This communication reports the larvicidal potential of endophytic actinomycetes residing within the native Asteraceae plants in Pakistan. The study suggests further exploration through large-scale productions leading to the identification of the larvicidal compounds.

  7. HADIS TENTANG KEUTAMAAN BAGI WANITA SALAT DI RUMAH: STUDI FIQH AL-HADÎTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fitriahani Fitriahani

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available This article discuses two texts of the prophetic tradition (hadith commanding Muslim woman to pray at home rather than in mosque. The first hadith says that women are advised to pray at home. The second hadith states that, it is forbidden to prevent women from going to mosque. Both hadiths are authentic because they are reported by the authorities such as Bukhari, Muslim, Abu Dawud, Ahmad and Hakim. This means that they do not contradict each other. The first hadist means that, it is better for woman to pray at home rather than in mosque if going to the mosque will trigger immoral behaviour (fitnah. The second hadith means that, women are not forbidden to pray in mosque. Praying in mosque is good for them as far as it does not trigger immoral behaviour.

  8. Relations de Dispersion et Diffusion des Glueballs et des Mesons dans la Theorie de Jauge U(1)(2+1) Compacte

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahmed, Chaara El Mouez

    Nous avons etudie les relations de dispersion et la diffusion des glueballs et des mesons dans le modele U(1)_{2+1} compact. Ce modele a ete souvent utilise comme un simple modele de la chromodynamique quantique (QCD), parce qu'il possede le confinement ainsi que les etats de glueballs. Par contre, sa structure mathematique est beaucoup plus simple que la QCD. Notre methode consiste a diagonaliser l'Hamiltonien de ce modele dans une base appropriee de graphes et sur reseau impulsion, afin de generer les relations de dispersion des glueballs et des mesons. Pour la diffusion, nous avons utilise la methode dependante du temps pour calculer la matrice S et la section efficace de diffusion des glueballs et des mesons. Les divers resultats obtenus semblent etre en accord avec les travaux anterieurs de Hakim, Alessandrini et al., Irving et al., qui eux, utilisent plutot la theorie des perturbations en couplage fort, et travaillent sur un reseau espace-temps.

  9. Islamic Family Law Enactment 1987 (No. 3 of 1987), 20 May 1987.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-01-01

    This Islamic Family Law Enactment of Pahang, Malaysia, is based on the model of the Islamic Family Law (Federal Territory) Act, 1984 (Annual Review of Population Law, Vol. 11, 1984, Section 250). It differs from that Law in the following major respects: 1) marriages between Muslims and non-Muslims are prohibited; 2) a wali Hakim (special guardian appointed by the Sultan) is authorized to consent to marriage if the wali (guardian) of the bride unreasonably withholds consent; 3) the grounds for divorce are fewer (failure to maintain and cruelty being omitted), although there is a general provision allowing divorce for any ground that is recognized as valid by Islamic law; 4) a son is to be maintained until the age of 15, not 18; and 5) a religious court, rather than a civil court, may order a putative father to maintain his illegitimate child. full text

  10. Next Generation Sequencing approach to molecular diagnosis of Duchenne muscular dystrophy; identification of a novel mutation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ebrahimzadeh-Vesal, Reza; Teymoori, Atieh; Azimi-Nezhad, Mohsen; Hosseini, Forough Sadat

    2018-02-20

    Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (DMD; MIM 310200) is one of the most common and severe type of hereditary muscular dystrophies. The disease is caused by mutations in the dystrophin gene. The dystrophin gene is associated with X-linked recessive Duchenne and Becker muscular dystrophy. This disease occurs almost exclusively in males. The clinical symptoms of muscle weakness usually begin at childhood. The main symptoms of this disorder are gradually muscular weakness. The affected patients have inability to standing up and walking. Death is usually due to respiratory infection or cardiomyopathy. In this article, we have reported the discovery of a new nonsense mutation that creates abnormal stop codon in the dystrophin gene. This mutation was detected using Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) technique. The subject was a 17-year-old male with muscular dystrophy that who was suspected of having DMD. He was referred to Hakim medical genetics center of Neyshabur, IRAN. Copyright © 2017. Published by Elsevier B.V.

  11. PERGESERAN RELASI ORANG TUA DAN ANAK DALAM PERKARA HUKUM WALI ADLAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siti Musawwamah

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Artikel ini merupakan hasil penelitian tentang problemarelasional orangtua dan anak dalam perkara-hukum wali adlal.Problema yang bernuansa kekeluargaan ini menjadi dilematikkarena kedua pihak saling bersikukuh untuk memertahankankehendaknya masing-masing yang diklaim sebagai hakasasinya. Orangtua “merasa” memiliki otoritas dalammenentukan jodoh untuk anaknya karena diyakini hak ijbar adapadanya. Sedangkan anak juga merasa memiki hak pilihdan/atau hak menentukan jodoh untuk dirinya yang diyakinisebagai hak dasarnya. Persoalan itu seringkali berlanjut menjadiperkara-hukum yang kemudian harus diselesaikan melaluipengadilan agama. Penelitian ini bertujuan untukmengeksplorasi dan mengeksplanasi latar belakang pengajuanperkara-hukum wali adlal, pelaksanaan persidangan perkarahukumwali adlal, dan putusan majelis hakim tentang perkarahukumwali adlal di pengadilan agama. Dengan menggunakanpendekatan hukum normatif dan teknik evaluative ex-post facto,penelitian ini menghasilkan temuan berupa proposisi empiriksebagai dasar perumusan teori substantif, yaitu pengajuanperkara-hukum wali adlal merupakan problema yuridis formalpergeseran relasional orangtua dan anak.

  12. The political activity of Al-sayad Ruhollah Musawi Khomeini in Najaf for the period (1965-1978 A.D. النشاط السياسي للسيد روح الله الموسوي الخميني في النجف الأشرف للمدة (1965-1978م

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr. Mohammed Racine dooman Al-sultani د. محمد رسن دمان السلطاني

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Research examines the political activity Al-sayed musawi Khomeini in najaf city between (1965-1978.divided the research in to six axis addressing each section aspect of political activity to Alsayed Alkhomeini in najaf . Studies first section the reasons that led to the exile of mr.khomeini to the holy city of najaf ,and studied the second section relationship institution religious shia in najaf and its position toward the political ideas of the ruling regimes and studied .third axis his efforts to re-contact his supporters to continue the revolution in Iran. and discus fourth axis in the relation ship of Mr.khomeini. the irag government after the death of Mr. muhsin al-hakim ,and studied fifth axis in the factors that led to the his emigration from Iraq to France.

  13. Aladağlar da Bitki Formasyonları ve Dağılışları

    OpenAIRE

    ÜNALDI, Ülkü ESER; TOROĞLU, Emin

    2007-01-01

    Bulunduğu konum itibariyle Türkiye\\'de yetişme şartlarının bitki gelişimine ve çeşitliliğine uygun koşullar taşıdığı yerlerden biri de Aladağlar\\'dır. Nitekim dağda orman, çalı ve ot formasyonları yer almaktadır. Orman formasyonu kuru ormanlar ve yarı nemli ormanlar olmak üzere ikiye ayrılmaktadır. Kuru ormanlar güney yamaçta 250-1300mler, kuzey yamaçta 1400–2400 mler arasında uzanmaktadır. Kuru ormanların hakim elemanları güney yamaçlarda kızılçam, kuzey yamaçlarda i...

  14. El contragolpe generado en el oído interno como etiopatogenia de la enfermedad de Méniére Water Hammer impact on the internal ear in the pathogenesis of Méniére's disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    William Alvarez Gaviria

    1992-02-01

    Full Text Available Se postula la hipótesis de que una de las funciones del saco endolinfático es hacer las veces de amortiguador de los contragolpes generados en el oído interno, como respuesta a las desaceleraciones súbitas ocasionadas en los Iíquidos laberínticos por el cambio o el frenado súbito de los movimientos. Si dicho amortiguador no reúne las condiciones suficientes para tal efecto como, por ejemplo, capacidad volumétrica y orientación adecuada, los contragolpes constituyen un trauma repetitivo sobre los elementos neurosensoriales estatoacústicos. De esta manera se origina en forma crónica, recurrente y lentamente progresiva, la enfermedad de Méniere. Se explica el procedimiento del experimento realizado con un modelo del oído Interno; se discuten las posibles repercusiones de esta hipótesis, no sólo en la sintomatología de la enfermedad de Méniere, sino también en la hidrocefalia normotensa de Hakim y sus implicaciones en la anatomía comparada This paper proposes the hypothesis that the endolymphatic sac acts as a shock absorber of the water hammer Impacts generated in the internal ear in response to decreases of acceleration in the laberynthine fluids during motion changes or sudden stops. If the shock absorber does not meet the required conditions for proper functioning (lack of volumetric capacity, inadequate orientation the impacts cause repeated trauma on the neurosensorial elements that might be the chronic, recurrent and progressive origin of Méniere's disease. The experimental procedure with a model of internal ear is explained and the implications of this hypothesis for both Méniere's disease and Hakim's normotense hydrocephalus are discussed

  15. RUU PERADILAN AGAMA PADA LEGISLASI NASIONAL 2010 DALAM TELAAH GENDER

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Masudi Masudi

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Ketimpangan yang dapat menimpa kaum perempuandalam praktik poligami atau model perkawinan lainnya,seperti sirri (sembunyi-sembunyi, mut’ah (kontrak, danperkawinan tanpa wali hakim yang tidak berhak harusditangani dengan penanganan yang terarah. Artikelini mencoba untuk melihat bagaimana Usulan RUU Peradilan Agama dalam Legislasi Nasional 2010 yang menjadi sandaran hukum dalam penentuan sanksi pidana bagi para pelaku poligami, nikah siri, kawin kontrak,dan wali hakim yang tidak sah di mata hukum. Satu halyang menarik bahwa pro kontra yang muncul akibatRUU ini merupakan satu hal yang mutlak. Namun perluditekankan bahwa kearifan dan kebijaksanaan setiapelemen bangsa Indonesia merupakan penentu eksistensiIslam yang “membumi” sebagai perwujudan semangat “rahmatan lil’alamin”. Kata Kunci: Kesetaraan, RUU Peradilan Agama, perkawinan   Islam proposed equality for both men and women not only in terms of their public relation but also domesticone, i.e. marital relationship. Unfair treatment that facedby women in the practice of polygamy or other marital models, such as sirri marriage, mut’ah contract, andmarriage without a legal guardian should be solved bydirectional handling system. This article tries to see howthe Proposed Religion Justice Bill, which became theNational Legislation and the laws in the determinationof criminal sanctions for the actors of polygamy,unregistered marriage, mut’ah contract, and alsomarriage without a legal guardian in the eyes of the law.One interesting thing that the pros and cons that arise asa result of this bill is an absolute must. However, it shouldbe emphasized that the wisdom and discretion of eachelement of the Indonesian people is what determines theexistence of Islam that is “grounded” as the embodimentof the spirit of “rahmatan lil’alamin”. Key words: equality, Proposed Religion Justice Bill,marriage.

  16. The Last Millennium Reanalysis: Improvements to proxies and proxy modeling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tardif, R.; Hakim, G. J.; Emile-Geay, J.; Noone, D.; Anderson, D. M.

    2017-12-01

    The Last Millennium Reanalysis (LMR) employs a paleoclimate data assimilation (PDA) approach to produce climate field reconstructions (CFRs). Here, we focus on two key factors in PDA generated CFRs: the set of assimilated proxy records and forward models (FMs) used to estimate proxies from climate model output. In the initial configuration of the LMR [Hakim et al., 2016], the proxy dataset of [PAGES2k Consortium, 2013] was used, along with univariate linear FMs calibrated against annually-averaged 20th century temperature datasets. In an updated configuration, proxy records from the recent dataset [PAGES2k Consortium, 2017] are used, while a hierarchy of statistical FMs are tested: (1) univariate calibrated on annual temperature as in the initial configuration, (2) univariate against temperature as in (1) but calibration performed using expert-derived seasonality for individual proxy records, (3) as in (2) but expert proxy seasonality replaced by seasonal averaging determined objectively as part of the calibration process, (4) linear objective seasonal FMs as in (3) but objectively selecting relationships calibrated either on temperature or precipitation, and (5) bivariate linear models calibrated on temperature and precipitation with objectively-derived seasonality. (4) and (5) specifically aim at better representing the physical drivers of tree ring width proxies. Reconstructions generated using the CCSM4 Last Millennium simulation as an uninformed prior are evaluated against various 20th century data products. Results show the benefits of using the new proxy collection, particularly on the detrended global mean temperature and spatial patterns. The positive impact of using proper seasonality and temperature/moisture sensitivities for tree ring width records is also notable. This updated configuration will be used for the first generation of LMR-generated CFRs to be publicly released. These also provide a benchmark for future efforts aimed at evaluating the

  17. Is Recent Warming Unprecedented in the Common Era? Insights from PAGES2k data and the Last Millennium Reanalysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erb, M. P.; Emile-Geay, J.; McKay, N.; Hakim, G. J.; Steig, E. J.; Anchukaitis, K. J.

    2017-12-01

    Paleoclimate observations provide a critical context for 20th century warming by putting recent climate change into a longer-term perspective. Previous work (e.g. IPCC AR3-5) has claimed that recent decades are exceptional in the context of past centuries, though these statements are usually accompanied by large uncertainties and little spatial detail. Here we leverage a recent multiproxy compilation (PAGES2k Consortium, 2017) to revisit this long-standing question. We do so via two complementary approaches. The first approach compares multi-decadal averages and trends in PAGES2k proxy records, which include trees, corals, ice cores, and more. Numerous proxy records reveal that late 20th century values are extreme compared to the remainder of the recorded period, although considerable variability exists in the signals preserved in individual records. The second approach uses the same PAGES2k data blended with climate model output to produce an optimal analysis: the Last Millennium Reanalysis (LMR; Hakim et al., 2016). Unlike proxy data, LMR is spatially-complete and explicitly models uncertainty in proxy records, resulting in objective error estimates. The LMR results show that for nearly every region of the world, late 20th century temperatures exceed temperatures in previous multi-decadal periods during the Common Era, and 20th century warming rates exceed rates in previous centuries. An uncertainty with the present analyses concerns the interpretation of proxy records. PAGES2k included only records that are primarily sensitive to temperature, but many proxies may be influenced by secondary non-temperature effects. Additionally, the issue of seasonality is important as, for example, many temperature-sensitive tree ring chronologies in the Northern Hemisphere respond to summer or growing season temperature rather than annual-means. These uncertainties will be further explored. References Hakim, G. J., et al., 2016: The last millennium climate reanalysis project

  18. Model Penyelesaian Sengketa Ekonomi Syariah Yang Efektif Dikaitkan Dengan Kompetensi Di Peradilan Agama Dalam Rangka Pertumbuhan Ekonomi Nasional

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renny Supriyatni B

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Penyelesaian sengketa ekonomi syariah yang efektif (win win solution merupakan suatu keniscayaan dalam setiap aktifitas bisnis. Semakin berkembang ekonomi syariah dan aktifitas bisnis maka kemungkinan jumlah sengketapun akan meningkat. Berkembangnya ekonomi  dan bisnis yang didasarkan prinsip syariah menyebabkan jenis-jenis sengketa juga semakin beragam baik pola dan jenisnya. Pengadilan Agama sebagai lembaga litigasi yang memiliki kewenangan absolut dalam menyelesaikan sengketa ekonomi syariah menjadi perhatian mengingat selama ini dikenal sebagai lembaga litigasi yang hanya menyelesaikan sengketa dalam bidang hukum keluarga. Permasalahan yang muncul, bagaimana modelnya dikaitkan dengan kompetensi Pengadilan Agama. Penelitian ini bertujuan menemukan model sebagai solusi mengenai penyelesaian sengketa ekonomi syariah yang efektif di Pengadilan Agama dalam rangka mendukung pertumbuhan ekonomi nasional. Metode penelitian yang digunakan, secara yuridis normatif, dengan pendekatan deskriftif analitis, yaitu menggambarkan secara sistematis, faktual dan akurat, segala fakta dan permasalahan yang diteliti dikaitkan dengan teori-teori hukum dan  praktik. Selanjutnya, data yang diperoleh dianalisis secara yuridis kualitatif. yang merupakan suatu metode untuk menganalisis data dengan mempergunakan perundang-undangan yang berlaku dan antara satu dengan yang lainnya tidak boleh saling bertentangan, memperhatikan khierarkhi dengan tujuan untuk mewujudkan kepastian hukum, serta melaksanakan amanat Undang-Undang Kekuasaan Kehakiman yang menyatakan bahwa hakim wajib mencari dan menggali hukum yang hidup di dalam masyarakat, atau lebih dikenal dengan “the living law”, baik itu yang tertulis maupun tidak tertulis (Hukum Islam. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa, penyelesaian sengketa yang cepat, murah, transparan, adil serta menjamin kepastian hukum menjadi tolok ukur bagi para investor. Oleh karena itu, menjadi penting keberadaan Peradilan Agama untuk

  19. A Survery of the Correlation between Filament Chirality and Sigmoid Handedness

    Science.gov (United States)

    V, A.; Hazra, S.; Martin, S. F.; Martens, P. C.

    2017-12-01

    Sigmoid regions on the Sun are often the regions that cause Coronal Mass Ejections (CMEs). Large CMEs most often have filaments that erupt with them. This study focuses on the statistical relevance of the shape of the sigmoid and the chirality of the filament residing in these sigmoids. The study further extends to the relation between the directionality of filaments and the Earth-directed CMEs. Sigmoid data from Savcheva et al. (2014) between 2007 and 2012 and a compilation of data using the HEK Sigmoid Sniffer (Martens et al. 2012) along with Hinode XRT Soft X-ray images were used for analyzing data between 2013 and 2017. Hence this dataset consists of almost one solar cycle of data. A similar study done previously by Martens et al. (2013) analysed data for a solar cycle using an Advanced Automated Filament Detection & Characterization Code (Bernasconi, Rust & Hakim 2005). Considering that automated chirality detection is not foolproof, we present this study which uses manual determination of chirality for accuracy using high resolution chromospheric images. Mainly full disk images of soft X-ray obtained from Hinode XRT (X-Ray Telescope) have been used to find and ensure the S or Z shape of sigmoids. H-alpha images obtained from BBSO and Kanzelhohe Solar Observatory (KSO) are used in determining the chirality of filaments. The resolutions of BBSO and KSO data are 1k and 4k respectively. A comparison of the analysis of the chirality of filaments using both data will be presented. Although KSO gives a 4k resolution, it is still difficult to determine the chirality of small filaments. For this reason, high resolution images of H-alpha chromospheric filaments obtained from Helio Research and Solar Observing Optical Network (SOON) have been used for further analysis of chirality of those filaments that were undeterminable using the BBSO or KSO full disk images. The results of the comparison using the different resolutions are shown. The results of the correlation

  20. Appendix I3-1 to Wind HUI Initiative 1: AWST-WindNET-Phase 1 Final Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    John Zack

    2012-07-15

    This report is an appendix to the Hawaii WindHUI efforts to develop and operationalize short-term wind forecasting and wind ramp event forecasting capabilities. The report summarizes the WindNET Phase 1 efforts on the Big Island of Hawaii and includes descriptions of modeling methodologies, use of field validation data, results and recommendations. The objective of the WindNET project was to investigate the improvement that could be obtained in short-term wind power forecasting for wind generation facilities operating on the island grids operated by Hawaiian Electric Companies through the use of atmospheric sensors deployed at targeted locations. WindNET is envisioned as a multiphase project that will address the short-term wind forecasting issues of all of the wind generation facilities on the all of the Hawaiian Electric Companies' island grid systems. The first phase of the WindNET effort (referred to as WindNET-1) was focused on the wind generation facilities on the Big Island of Hawaii. With complex terrain and marine environment, emphasis was on improving the 0 to 6 hour forecasts of wind power ramps and periods of wind variability, with a particular interest in the intra-hour (0-1 hour) look-ahead period. The WindNET project was built upon a foundation that was constructed with the results from a previously completed observation targeting study for the Big Island that was conducted as part of a project supported by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and interactions with the western utilities. The observational targeting study provided guidance on which variables to measure and at what locations to get the most improvement in forecast performance at a target forecast site. The recommendations of the observation targeting study were based on the application two techniques: (1) an objective method called ensemble sensitivity analysis (ESA) (Ancell and Hakim, 2007; Torn and Hakim, 2008; Zack et al, 2010); and (2) a subjective method based on a

  1. Pengaruh Media Massa terhadap Proses Peradilan Pidana dalam Kasus Pencurian Kakao oleh Minah

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kurniawan Akbar

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Di dalam upaya penegakan hukum, media massa memiliki pengaruh yang cukup penting melalui pemberitaannya kepada masyarakat terhadap suatu perkara. Media massa mampu menciptakan suatu opini publik dalam masyarakat terhadap suatu perkara hukum dengan informasi dan berita yang disampaikannya.  Melalui opini publik yang dibangun dalam masyarakat, media massa melakukan fungsi kontrol terhadap proses peradilan atas suatu perkara hukum, tidak terkecuali dalam perkara pidana. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis pengaruh media massa pada proses peradilan pidana dalam kasus pencurian kakao oleh Minah. Data yang digunakan adalah primer dan sekunder. Adapun analisis yang digunakan menggunakan pendekatan yuridis-empiris. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa opini publik terhadap perkara pencurian 3 (tiga kilogram kakao merupakan salah satu contoh dari fungsi kontrol yang dijalankan oleh media massa, dalam hal ini media massa menyoroti proses peradilan pidana yang tidak berkeadilan bagi Minah. Pengaruh media massa tersebut tampak di dalam proses persidangan terhadap terdakwa Minah oleh majelis hakim pada acara sidang III, yaitu dalam hal pertimbangan putusan yang dijatuhkan oleh majelis hakim terhadap terdakwa. In law enforcement, the media has a significant impact to the community through the preaching of a case. The mass media are able to create a public opinion on a matter of law with which it conveys information and news. Through public opinion in society, mass media perform the control functions of the judicial process of a lawsuit, not the exception in criminal cases. This study aims to analyze the influence of mass media on criminal justice processes in cases of theft of cocoa by Minah. The data used are the primary and secondary. The analysis used juridical-empirical approach. These results indicate that public opinion against theft case 3 (three pounds of cocoa is one example of a control function that is run by the mass media. Mass media

  2. Gait in normal pressure hydrocephalus: characteristics and effects of the CSF tap test

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo Krause Martinez de Souza

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH, described by Hakim and Adams in 1965, is characterized by gait apraxia, urinary incontinence, and dementia. It is associated with normal cerebrospinal fluid (CSF pressure and ventricular dilation that cannot be attributed to cerebral atrophy. Objectives: To evaluate gait characteristics in patients with idiopathic NPH and investigate the effect of the CSF tap test (CSF-TT on gait. Methods: Twenty-five patients diagnosed with probable idiopathic NPH were submitted to the CSF-TT. The procedure aimed to achieve changes in gait parameters. Results: Fifteen gait parameters were assessed before and after the CSF-TT. Five showed a statistically significant improvement (p < 0.05: walking speed (p < 0.001, cadence (p < 0.001, step length (p < 0.001, en bloc turning (p = 0.001, and step height (p = 0.004. Conclusion: This study demonstrated that gait speed was the most responsive parameter to the CSF-TT, followed by cadence, step length, en bloc turning, and step height.

  3. PREFERENCE THEORY IN ADVANCED AGE AND THE OLDER CZECH WORKFORCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucie Vidovićová

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available In this article we make use of preference theory developed by Hakim (2000 in the context of reconciling work and family to cover and explain different patterns of retirement exit paths and retirement satisfaction levels in the Czech Republic. We propose that lifestyle preferences and values may help to explain why some older workers continue to work while others are determined to retire as early as possible. Three types are identified among the 55–65 age group: work oriented, retirement oriented, and adaptive. The data shows that self-perception of the respondent as being active or more rest-oriented is associated with actual labour market activity of the respondent. Different types also perceive and evaluate labour market exit differently, and most importantly they differ in their reaction to various labour market and pension policies and family/partnership conditions. In the discussion we challenge the notion of active ageing as a general “one-size-fits-all” policy and urge that more attention be paid to the role of individual values and preferences when looking at the organisation of latter life roles.

  4. KAJIAN YURIDIS TERHADAP CONTEMPT OF COURT DI DEPAN PENGADILAN (STUDI DI DEPAN PENGADILAN NEGERI MEDAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Syarifah Masthura

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Pengertian Contempt Of Court adalah segala tindakan berbuat aktif atau tidak melakukan (fasif dilakuan oleh mereka yang berperkara atau pihak lain yang tidak terlibat yang cenderung mengganggu, mencampuri proses penyelenggaraan peradilan sehingga merendahkan martabat peradilan.Pengaturan mengenai tindak pidana terhadap peradilan Contempt Of Court di Indonesia dapat dilihat dari diundangkannya UU No 14 Tahun 1985 tentang Mahkamah Agung dan juga tersebar dalam beberapa pasal dalam KUHP. Fenomena dalam peradilan kita menunjukan Contempt Of Court terjadi hampir di setiap lembaga pengadilan. Kewibaan peradilan mengalami penurunan akibat perilaku tidak baik yang dilakukan oleh para pihak yang berperkara maupun juga dilakukan oleh aparat penegak hukum. Dalam penelitian ini akan mmengkaji pengaturan bentuk-bentuk Contempt Of Court di Indonesia, selanjutnya akan di teliti sebab-sebab terjadi Contempt Of Court di depan pengadilan dan bagaimana seharusnya penanggulan tindak pidana Contempt Of Court.Contempt Of Court terjadi di depan pengadilan disebabkan belum bekerjanya sistem hukum dengan  baik. Perilaku hukum dan budaya hukum yang dipengaruhi oleh sistem hukum yang diterapkan di Indonesia. Hukum modern di Indonesia diterima dan dijalankan sebagai suatu instansi baru yang yang didatangkan atau dipaksakan dari luar, yakni melalui kebijakan colonial Hindia Belanda. Aparat penegak hukum belum bekerja dengan baik untuk dapat menegakan hukum, terutama ketika sidang di pengadilan maka fungsi dan peran jaksa, advokat, dan hakim belum mencerminkan upaya  hukum yang maksimal. Budaya hukum masyarakat dalam euphoria reformasi menunjukan kurangnya penghargaan terhadap kewibawaan hukum. Hal ini diperparah dengan kekecewaan praktek pengadilan dan mafia peradilan.

  5. ACID SPLASH: QISAS PUNISHMENT TO BE IMPOSED AGAINST THE OFFENDER

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammed Farid Huzaimi

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available In Islamic countries, there are cases where a court has given punishment to an acid splasher to be punished by acid as well. In 2004, an Iranian woman was blinded with acid by her suitor for turning down his marriage proposal. Four years later, the Iranian court sentenced the offender to be blinded in both eyes for taking away the woman’s sight under the retribution principle permitted under Iran’s Islamic law. This case’s decision has regularly been objected as the punishment seems inhuman. This paper will discuss in detail the nature of the offence and the punishment imposed in Islamic perspective. Terdapat beberapa kasus di negara-negara Islam di mana pengadilan memberikan hukuman pembalasan terhadap terdakwa yang menyiram cairan asam ke tubuh orang lain. Pada tahun 2004, seorang perempuan Iran dibutakan dengan asam oleh peminangnya setelah si perempuan menolak lamaran pria tersebut. Empat tahun setelahnya, pengadilan di Iran memutuskan untuk menghukum pria tersebut dengan hukuman yang sama, yaitu dibutakan dengan asam. Hukuman ini dijatuhkan dengan dasar asas retribusi menurut hukum Islam di Iran. Putusan hakim dalam kasus ini telah menuai kritik karena hukuman tersebut dianggap tidak berperikemanusiaan. Artikel ini akan membahas lebih dalam tentang perbuatan menyiram cairan asam dan hukuman pembalasan menurut perspektif Islam.

  6. Peran Vital Penelusuran Aset Guna Menentukan Besaran Pidana Tambahan Uang Pengganti Terhadap Koruptor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bagus Widipradnyana Arjaya

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: The imposition of additional criminal restitution is one distinguishing feature of corruption with other criminal offenses. In practice points verdict compensation often at variance with the prosecution, because of the inability to prove liability for compensation to be paid. Moreover, when the execution court decision found the fact that the property owned by the convicted person is not sufficient for compensation. It is necessary for traceability measures assets resulting from corruption in the possession of criminals, so that the prosecution has a strong foundation, so that the judges who examine and decide the case can be assured as well as the execution of the judgment can be up to reimburse the state, without the reverse charge state with the imposition subsidiair prison active replacement. Abstrak: Pengenaan pidana tambahan uang pengganti merupakan salah satu ciri pembeda tindak pidana korupsi dengan tindak pidana lainnya. Dalam praktiknya poin putusan uang pengganti sering kali berbeda dengan tuntutan jaksa, karena tidak dapat dibuktikannya kewajiban pembayaran uang pengganti yang harus dibayarkan. Selain itu, saat melakukan eksekusi putusan pengadilan ditemukan fakta bahwa harta yang dimiliki oleh terpidana tidak mencukupi pembayaran uang pengganti. Untuk itu diperlukantindakan penelusuran aset hasil korupsi yang berada dalam penguasaan koruptor, agar tuntutan jaksa memiliki dasar yang kuat, sehingga hakim yang memeriksa dan memutus perkara dapat teryakini serta pelaksanaan eksekusi putusan dapat maksimal mengembalikan uang negara, tanpa sebaliknya membebankan negara dengan pengenaan subsidiair penjara pengganti yang aktif. DOI: 10.15408/jch.v4i1.2656

  7. Hasil Cetak Informasi Elektronik dan/atau Dokumen Elektronik Sebagai Alat Bukti Tindak Pidana Pencemaran Nama Baik Melalui Media Daring

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aris Hardinanto

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Perkembangan dan perubahan dunia menjadi sangat cepat sebagai akibat dari kemajuan ilmu pengetahuan dan teknologi, terutama teknologi transportasi dan komunikasi telah membuat berbagai kemudahan terhadap mobilitas masyarakat. Arus perkembangan informasi antar negara tidak dapat lagi dikendalikan oleh pemerintah, sehingga peran dalam mengendalikan arus mobiltias penduduk melalui jejaring sosial. Pertumbuhan yang seperti ini mengakibatkan perubahan sosial di masyarakat seluruh dunia, lintas batas negara. Kejahatan jenis baru sebagai dampak negatif dari perkembangan teknologi informasi muncul seiring dengan perkembangan teknologi informasi. Kejahatan menggunakan media teknologi informasi atau komputer dan internet disebut Computer Related Crime atau Cybercrime. Kedudukan alat bukti sebagai penegak hukum pidana materiil menjadi parameter hakim untuk memutus suatu perkara. Undang-Undang No. 11 Tahun 2008 Tentang Informasi dan Transaksi Elektronik memberikan ruang terhadap hasil cetak alat bukti elektronik dalam cybercrime sebagai alat bukti yang sah. Hasil cetak alat bukti elektronik sah apabila alat bukti elektronik itu dapat dijamin keasliannya. Dengan demikian kedudukan alat bukti elektronik dalam cybercrime memiliki kriteria yang ketat dibanding alat bukti konvensional. Metode penelitian dalam jurnal ini menggunakan pendekatan perundang-undangan (statute approach, pendekatan kasus (case approach serta pendekatan konseptual (conceptual approach Kata kunci: alat bukti elektronik, cybercrime. 

  8. Hematoma subdural crônico como complicação do tratamento de paciente com a síndrome clínica da hidrocefalia de pressão normal (HPNdoi: 10.20513/2447-6595.2016v56n2p54-57

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro Helder de Oliveira Junior

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available As complicações da Derivação Ventriculoperitoneal (DVP podem variar de 6% a 40% nas séries da literatura, estando o hematoma subdural crônico (HSDC presente em até 24% de algumas dessas séries. Preconiza-se o uso de uma válvula de alta pressão, para evitar uma possível hiperdrenagem, nos casos de sintomatologia semelhante à hidrocefalia de pressão normal (HPN com grande aumento ventricular. Nesse caso, o paciente apresentou a tríade clássica de Hakim-Adams, sendo diagnosticado clinicamente com a hidrocefalia de pressão normal e submetido a uma derivação ventrículo-peritoneal com uma válvula de alta pressão. O paciente evoluiu com a formação de hematoma subdural crônico bilateral (HSDC, sendo necessária a drenagem da coleção sanguínea. O caso apresentado permite a observação das complicações presentes após esse procedimento e também uma revisão bibliográfica acerca da fisiopatologia da HPN.

  9. Medical devices of the head, neck, and spine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hunter, Tim B; Yoshino, Mark T; Dzioba, Robert B; Light, Rick A; Berger, William G

    2004-01-01

    There are many medical devices used for head, neck, and spinal diseases and injuries, and new devices are constantly being introduced. Many of the newest devices are variations on a previous theme. Knowing the specific name of a device is not important. It is important to recognize the presence of a device and to have an understanding of its function as well as to be able to recognize the complications associated with its use. The article discusses the most common and important devices of the head, neck, and spine, including cerebrospinal fluid shunts and the Codman Hakim programmable valve; subdural drainage catheters, subdural electrodes, intracranial electrodes, deep brain stimulators, and cerebellar electrodes; coils, balloons, adhesives, particles, and aneurysm clips; radiation therapy catheters, intracranial balloons for drug installation, and carmustine wafers; hearing aids, cochlear implants, and ossicular reconstruction prostheses; orbital prostheses, intraocular silicone oil, and lacrimal duct stents; anterior and posterior cervical plates, posterior cervical spine wiring, odontoid fracture fixation devices, cervical collars and halo vests; thoracic and lumbar spine implants, anterior and posterior instrumentation for the thoracic and lumbar spine, vertebroplasty, and artificial disks; spinal column stimulators, bone stimulators, intrathecal drug delivery pumps, and sacral stimulators; dental and facial implant devices; gastric and tracheal tubes; vagus nerve stimulators; lumboperitoneal shunts; and temperature- and oxygen-sensing probes. Copyright RSNA, 2004

  10. Molecular detection of aminoglycoside-modifying enzyme genes in Acinetobacter baumannii clinical isolates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heidary, Mohsen; Salimi Chirani, Alireza; Khoshnood, Saeed; Eslami, Gita; Atyabi, Seyyed Mohammad; Nazem, Habibollah; Fazilati, Mohammad; Hashemi, Ali; Soleimani, Saleh

    2017-06-01

    Acinetobacter baumannii is a major opportunistic pathogen in healthcare settings worldwide. In Iran, there are only few reports on the prevalence of aminoglycoside resistance genes among A. baumannii isolates. The aim of this study was to investigate the existence of aminoglycoside-modifying enzyme (AME) genes from A. baumannii strains collected at a university teaching hospital in Iran. One hundred A. baumannii strains were collected between 2014 and 2015 from hospitalized patients at Loghman Hakim Hospital, Tehran, Iran. Antimicrobial susceptibility was determined by disk diffusion method according to the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute recommendations. The DNA was extracted using a kit obtained from Bioneer Co. (Korea) and was used as a template for polymerase chain reaction. The most active antimicrobial agent against these strains was colistin. The rate of extended-spectrum cephalosporin resistance was 97%. The aadA1, aadB, aac(6')-Ib, and aac(3)-IIa genes were found in 85%, 77%, 72%, and 68% of A. baumannii isolates, respectively. This study showed a high prevalence rate of AME genes in A. baumannii. This prevalence rate has explained that further aminoglycoside resistance genes may have role in the resistance of clinical isolates of A. baumannii. Therefore, control and treatment of serious infections caused by this opportunistic pathogen should be given more consideration.

  11. Mixed cryoglobulinemia-associated Sjögren's syndrome leading to spontaneous rupture of the kidney: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Haddiya I

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Intissar Haddiya,1 Hakim Hamzaoui,1 Zitouna Alhamany,2 Fatime-zohra Berkchi,1 Hakima Rhou,1 Loubna Benamar,1 Naima Ouzeddoun,1 Rabea Bayahia1 1Department of Nephrology-Dialysis-Renal Transplantation, Ibn Sina University Hospital, Rabat, Morocco; 2Department of Pathology, Rabat Children's Hospital, Ibn Sina University Hospital, Rabat, Morocco Background: Spontaneous rupture of the kidney is uncommon and is mainly caused by renal tumors. Only a few cases are caused by vasculitis. We report here the first case of spontaneous rupture of kidney resulting from mixed cryoglobulinemia. Case presentation: A 44-year-old man presented with sudden onset of fever, acute pulmonary edema, left flank abdominal pain unassociated with trauma, and rapidly progressive renal failure requiring dialysis. Computed tomography of the abdomen revealed a large perirenal hematoma of the left kidney. During conservative surgery, the patient underwent renal biopsy that showed renal vasculitis and membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis with intracapillary microthrombi. Tests were positive for mixed cryoglobulinemia caused by Sjögren's syndrome. The patient was better after immunosuppressive therapy, with the disappearance of clinical symptoms and the recovery of baseline renal function. Conclusion: We report on this case and discuss a possible link between spontaneous rupture of kidney and mixed cryoglobulinemia-associated Sjögren's syndrome. Keywords: mixed cryoglobulinemia, Sjögren's syndrome, spontaneous rupture of kidney, renal hematoma, Wünderlich syndrome

  12. Is microscopic colitis a missed diagnosis in diarrhea-predominant Irritable Bowel Syndrome?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hamid Tavakoli

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available

    • BACKGROUND: There are controversies about the importance of biopsies of normal colon mucosa in the investigation of patients with diarrhea predominant irritable bowel syndrome (IBS. On the other hand, microscopic colitis may bemissed based on normal colonoscopy and laboratory examination in this group of patients
    • METHODS: The study took place in Alzahra and Noor hospitals and Poursina Hakim Research Institute, from 2002 to 2004. Eligible patients were those suffering from diarrhea for at least 4 weeks. A total of 138 patients were included in the study after meeting Rome criteria (II with normal CBC, ESR, stool examination and no endoscopic abnormality.
    • RESULTS: The histologic findings in 138 patients with diarrhea predominant IBS with mean age of 34.7 years (female 55.1% and male 44.9% were as follows: 10 patients (7.2% had collagenous colitis and 3 patients (2.2% were compatible with lymphocytic colitis. No significant diagnostic histologic findings were seen in the rest of patients. Collagenouscolitis was detected in 13% of right colon biopsies and in 10% of sigmoid and transverse colon biopsies. Nocturnal diarrhea was found in 30% of collagenous colitis patients.
    • CONCLUSIONS: Total colonoscopy and multiple biopsies in diarrhea predominant IBS patients are necessary for earlydiagnosis of microscopic colitis.
    • KEY WORDS: Irritable bowel syndrome, microscopic colitis, colonoscopy, biopsy, diarrhea.

  13. Functional dyspepsia: A new approach from traditional Persian medicine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehdi Pasalar

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Objective: One of the most common global disorders is related to gastrointestinal system. Functional dyspepsia (FD defined as upper abdominal pain and discomfort in the absence of organic ailments is a prevalent disease without any confirmed medication. The purpose of this study was to find gastric disorders which might be coincidental to FD based on traditional Persian medicine (TPM. Materials and Methods: We searched the main textbooks of TPM including Al-Havi (by Rhazes, Canon of medicine (by Avicenna, ZakhireKhawrazmshahi (by Ismail Jorjani, Moalijat-e Aghili and Makhzan Al-adviya (by Mohammad Hosein AghiliShirazi, and ExirAzam (by Hakim Azam Khan. Also, we searched Pubmed, Scopus, Science Direct, Medline, scientific information database (SID, Iranmedex and Google Scholar from 1980 to 1 August 2014 for dyspepsia, gastrointestinal disease, traditional Persian medicine, and gastric dystemperaments. Results: There is no equivalent term for FD in traditional Persian medicine although similar signs and symptoms are visible in terms like simple cold dystemperament of stomach, indigestion, and digestion debility in TPM sources. Some treatments mentioned in TPM have shown promising results in the current experimental tests. Conclusion: Finding these similarities in complementary and alternative medicine (CAM textbooks may lead to discovering new remedies for this widespread disease.

  14. Ventriculo-pleural shunt patency study

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Yeates, K.

    2000-01-01

    Full text: A twenty-four year old male was admitted to hospital complaining of headaches, drowsiness and blurred vision. He suffered from congenital hydrocephalus and had had a ventriculo-peritoneal shunt inserted in infancy. This had undergone many revisions due to persistent peritoneal infections and had recently been replaced with a ventriculo-pleural shunt. The symptoms described suggested shunt blockage and he was referred for a Shunt Patency Study. The current shunt is a HAKIM Programmable Valve Shunt System and the opening pressure was 12cm of CSF (within the normal range). Forty megabecquerels of filtered 99 Tc m O 4 was injected into the pre-chamber of the shunt. Serial images and counts were obtained for twenty-five minutes after the injection. The images showed the tracer flowing from the shunt within the first ten minutes. At twenty minutes almost all of the tracer had drained from the shunt and was present in the right pleural cavity, indicating shunt patency. This study is presented to demonstrate the appearances of a normally functioning, but rarely seen Ventriculo-Pleural CSF Shunt. Copyright (2000) The Australian and New Zealand Society of Nuclear Medicine Inc

  15. WAKTU PUASA ARAFAH PERSPEKTIF MUHAMMAD BIN SHALIH AL ‘UTSAYMIN: Telaah Kajian Hukum Islam dan Astronomi Islam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Benny Afwadzi

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available All this time there was a different opinion about the time for Arafah fasting. Whether to comply with the provisions of Saudi Arabia or adjust the territory of each person. In Saudi Arabia, there appears a mufti named Muhammad bin Shalih al ‘Utsaymin who holds that fasting of Arafah must follow the country where a person lives. This opinion is interesting because it is different from other Salafis, such as ‘Abd al ‘Aziz bin Baz, Abdul Hakim bin Amir Abdat and HTI. Using the analytical tools of Islamic law and Islamic astronomy, the authors conclude that the fatwa issued by al ‘Utsaymin is considered quite representative, because considering the locality of a country, realizing the time of worship should adjust the kamariyah time of the country, and also in accordance with the mathla‘ in the form of mathla‘ wilayah al hukmi. Opinions as expressed by al ‘Utsaymin is conformable with the implementation of the time of the fasting of Arafat by the majority of Muslims in Indonesia.

  16. Tüketim kültüründe etkili bir araç olarak reklamın işlevlerine dair genel bir değerlendirme

    OpenAIRE

    Elmasoğlu, Kamile

    2017-01-01

    Betimsel analiz yönteminin kullanıldığı bu çalışmada, tüketim kültürünün yayılmasında etkili bir araç olarak görülen reklamın rolüne dair genel bir değerlendirme sunmak hedeflenmektedir. Bu hedef dâhilinde, tüketim toplumu, tüketim kültürü ve reklamın tüketim kültürü içindeki işlevleri; çeşitli düşünürlerin görüşlerinden istifade edilerek tartışılmıştır. Tüketim kültürünün hakim olduğu bir toplumda reklama ilişkin çeşitli fikirlerin benimsendiği görülmektedir. Çalışma genel olarak değerlendir...

  17. The Effectiveness of Group Cognitive Behavioral Therapy in Treating Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder in Women with Multiple Sclerosis (MS): A randomized double-blind controlled trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sayyah, Mehdi; Bagheri, Parisa; Karimi, Negar; Ghasemzadeh, Azizreza

    2016-04-01

    Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is one of the most prevalent psychiatric disorders and can cause problems for individuals in all aspects of life, including social and personal dimensions. To study the effect of group cognitive-behavioral therapy on the reduction of OCD symptoms in female participants with multiple sclerosis (MS). This double-blind randomized control trial was conducted from May 2012 to December 2014. The participants included 75 patients with MS who suffered from OCD and were referred to the Loghman Hakim and Imam Khomeini hospitals in Tehran, Iran. Thirty participants had been diagnosed through Yale-Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Symptoms (Y-BOCS). The participants were randomly divided into an experimental group (n=15) and a control group (n=15). Eleven sessions of cognitive-behavioral therapy were provided for the experimental group. Patients in the control group continued with their normal living. Hypotheses were tested using an analysis of covariance (ANCOVA). A significant reduction was found in the experimental group's obsessive-compulsive symptoms after cognitive-behavioral therapy (pcognitive-behavioral therapy could considerably reduce OCD symptoms in women with MS. The application of this method by therapists, especially Iranian clinicians, is recommended.

  18. KEKUATAN VISUM ET REPERTUM SEBAGAI ALAT BUKTI DALAM MENGUNGKAP TERJADINYA TINDAK PIDANA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yusup Khairun Nisa

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Pembuktian merupakan hal terpenting dalam proses peradilan, proses ini guna untuk mencari kebenaran materiil yaitu kebenaran yang selengkap – lengkapnya dari suatu perkara pidana. Dalam hal pembuktian ada berbagai macam alat bukti seperti keterangan saksi, keterangan ahli, surat, petunjuk, dan keterangan terdakwa. Dalam tindak pidana penganiayaan, asusila, dan pembunuhan sering adanya visum et repertum yang dijadikan sebagai alat bukti dalam pembuktiannya. Berdasarkan uraian tersebut penulis melakukan penelitian dengan judul “KEKUATAN VISUM ET REPERTUM DALAM MENGUNGKAP TERJADINYA TINDAK PIDANA”. Rumusan Masalah penelitian ini adalah bagaimanakah fungsi visum et repertum dalam mengungkap terjadinya tindak pidana dan bagaimanakah kekuatan hukum visum et repertum dalam mengungkap terjadinya tindak pidana. Penelitian ini menggunakan penelitian normatif empiris , bahan penelitian ini terdiri dari bahan primer bahan sekunder dan bahan non hukum, spesifikasi penelitian bersifat preskriptif dan terapan , tahap penelitiannya terdiri atas pendahuluan pelaksanaan dan akhir, menggunakan metode pendekatan Perundang Undangan (statute approach dan metode pendekatan kasus (case approach, serta menggunakan analisa deduktif. Hasil penelitian yang didapat penulis menunjukkan bahwa fungsi visum et repertum adalah sebagai berikut, ditingkat penyidikan visum et repertum memiliki fungsi sebagai bahan untuk memperkuat dakwaan/sangkaan terhadap perbuatan yang dilakukan oleh tersangka dan sebagai bukti penahanan tersangka,ditingkat penuntutan yaitu sebagai alat untuk menentukan berat ringannya Pasal yang dipersangkakan terhadap terdakwa/pelaku,tingkat pengadilan yaitu salah satu pengganti alat bukti fisik dan sebagai pertimbangan hakim dalam menjatuhi putusan kepada terdakwa. Dan kekuatan hukum visum et repertum yaitu sangat mutlak atau sempurna dalam kasus tertentu seperti kasus tindak pidana penganiayaan, asusila, maupun pembunuhan

  19. Enseignement technique : Séminaire de l'enseigement technique

    CERN Multimedia

    2004-01-01

    Mardi 4 mai 2004 SEMINAIRE DE L'ENSEIGNEMENT TECHNIQUE de 14:00 à 17:00 - Training Centre Auditorium - bât. 593 Le SPC - Statistical Process Control - dans une démarche de qualité totale Hakim Bourahla, Maurice Arrius, Charbel Tannous - ABW Concept - F-74950 SCIONZIER, France Ce nouveau séminaire de l'Enseignement Technique sera consacré à la présentation du SPC, le Statistical Process Control. Le SPC apporte une grande efficacité dans l'amélioration de la qualité des produits. Cette méthode, permettant d'assurer une qualité optimum à l'aide d'un outil statistique, est fondée sur deux concepts de base : le suivi et le pilotage des procédés industriels par cartes de contrôle, et l'étude des capabilités des systèmes de production. - Origine et objectifs du SPC - Concepts du ...

  20. Enseignement technique : Séminaire de l'enseignement technique

    CERN Multimedia

    2004-01-01

    Mardi 4 mai 2004 SEMINAIRE DE L'ENSEIGNEMENT TECHNIQUE de 14:00 à 17:00 - Training Centre Auditorium - bât. 593 Le SPC - Statistical Process Control - dans une démarche de qualité totale Hakim Bourahla, Maurice Arrius, Charbel Tannous - ABW Concept - F-74950 SCIONZIER, France Ce nouveau séminaire de l'Enseignement Technique sera consacré à la présentation du SPC, le Statistical Process Control. Le SPC apporte une grande efficacité dans l'amélioration de la qualité des produits. Cette méthode, permettant d'assurer une qualité optimum à l'aide d'un outil statistique, est fondée sur deux concepts de base : le suivi et le pilotage des procédés industriels par cartes de contrôle, et l'étude des capabilités des systèmes de production. - Origine et objectifs du SPC - Concepts du ...

  1. Plain abdominal radiography: A powerful tool to prognosticate outcome in patients with zinc phosphide poisoning

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hassanian-Moghaddam, H.; Shahnazi, Makhtoom; Zamani, N.; Rahimi, M.; Bahrami-Motlagh, H.; Amiri, H.

    2014-01-01

    Aim: To evaluate the clinical features of zinc phosphide poisoning and to investigate whether outcome could be prognosticated based on abdominal radiography on presentation. Materials and methods: All zinc phosphide-poisoned patients who were referred to Loghman-Hakim Hospital between March 2011 and September 2013 were retrospectively reviewed. Data regarding patients' demographic characteristics, characteristics of the poisoning, abdominal radiography results, and patients' outcome were recorded. Results: In 102 patients, the most common presenting signs/symptoms were nausea and vomiting (60%). Four patients died and another seven had developed complications during their hospitalization (metabolic acidosis, liver abnormalities, or acute renal failure). Nineteen patients had radio-opaque abdominal radiographs, nine of whom had died or developed complications (p = 0.001). Plain abdominal radiography had a sensitivity and specificity of 81% and 89% in predicting the patients' death or further development of complications. The positive and negative predictive values were 47% and 97%, respectively. Conclusion: Plain abdominal radiography is a very good tool for prognostication in patients with zinc phosphide poisoning. Immediate abdominal radiography can help stratify patients into high- or low-risk groups and determine treatment strategies. - Highlights: • ZP poisoning may cause severe symptoms or death although less frequent compared to ALP. • ZP-poisoned patients may deteriorate within the first 72 hours post-ingestion. • Abdominal radiography is a good tool to predict death/complications in these patients

  2. Functional dyspepsia: A new approach from traditional Persian medicine

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pasalar, Mehdi; Nimrouzi, Majid; Choopani, Rasool; Mosaddegh, Mahmoud; Kamalinejad, Mohammad; Mohagheghzadeh, Abdolali; Bagheri Lankarani, Kamran

    2016-01-01

    Objective: One of the most common global disorders is related to gastrointestinal system. Functional dyspepsia (FD) defined as upper abdominal pain and discomfort in the absence of organic ailments is a prevalent disease without any confirmed medication. The purpose of this study was to find gastric disorders which might be coincidental to FD based on traditional Persian medicine (TPM). Materials and Methods: We searched the main textbooks of TPM including Al-Havi (by Rhazes), Canon of medicine (by Avicenna), ZakhireKhawrazmshahi (by Ismail Jorjani), Moalijat-e Aghili and Makhzan Al-adviya (by Mohammad Hosein AghiliShirazi), and ExirAzam (by Hakim Azam Khan). Also, we searched Pubmed, Scopus, Science Direct, Medline, scientific information database (SID), Iranmedex and Google Scholar from 1980 to 1 August 2014 for dyspepsia, gastrointestinal disease, traditional Persian medicine, and gastric dystemperaments. Results: There is no equivalent term for FD in traditional Persian medicine although similar signs and symptoms are visible in terms like simple cold dystemperament of stomach, indigestion, and digestion debility in TPM sources. Some treatments mentioned in TPM have shown promising results in the current experimental tests. Conclusion: Finding these similarities in complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) textbooks may lead to discovering new remedies for this widespread disease. PMID:27222829

  3. PROSES PENYELESAIAN SENGKETA PERDATA DI PENGADILAN NEGERI DALAM KAITANNYA DENGAN TRANSAKSI YANG MENGGUNAKAN INTERNET

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sanyoto Sanyoto

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available The growth of technological Progress make the change of pattern in  the socialize human life, and it can conduct the economic activity in the local scale, regional and also global. In the individual assocciation by using internet technology will take the relation pattern between individual which it is unlike what that happened in the real world. By the existence of internet, contractual terms between subject of law and each other without meeting (face to face, even it is enabled for subject of law not to recognizing each other. During the people conducting activity in the illusory world, especially in the private law, like commerce, agreement and also banking activity, it is enabled to take a problems such as performed in the conventional private relationship. If the consumer internet in the private activity feel their private rights are impinged and they are wish to claim their rights, so there is civil conflict.  The relationship between the individual in the transaction using internet not yet arrange peculiarly in law and regulation. But judge have to find the law and also create the law if he confronted with a dispute in the transaction using internet.   Kata kunci : hakim, hukum, internet, perdagangan elektronik, tanda tangan digital

  4. RESTORATIVE JUSTICE BAGI ANAK PELAKU TINDAK PIDANA PERKOSAAN ANAK PERSPEKTIF HUKUM ISLAM DAN HUKUM POSITIF

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ridho Rokamah

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Tingginya jumlah kasus kekerasan seksual dengan pelaku anak-anak yang terus meningkat di UPPA Polres dan Komite Perlindungan Perempuan dan Anak Kabupaten Ponorogo akhir-akhir ini, membuat penegak hukum (Hakim, Jaksa, dan Polisi dihadapkan pada posisi yang sulit. Para aparat lebih memilih memberikan kebijakan untuk tidak memproses kasus tersebut terlebih lagi jika keluarga korban dan pelaku menghendaki untuk damai setelah korban hamil. Apabila fakta dan bukti mengharuskan pemberian hukuman, maka tuntutan ringan adalah alternatif yang dipilih. Alalsannya, anak-anak merupakan korban lingkungan (keluarga/teman yang memerlukan pendidikan. Kebijakan aparat penegak hukum khususnya Polres ini, disebut dengan restorative justice atau keadilan restorasi karena adanya unsur musyawarah atau kesepakatan demi keadilan dari korban dan pelaku. Dalam perspektif Islam, anak yang masih belum bisa dipertanggungjawabkan perbuatannya secara hukum (belum mukallaf tidak dikenai hukuman sebagaimana orang dewasa. Dalam Islam ada batasan bahwa hukum pidana itu bisa diterapkan bagi anak sampai dia mukallaf, jika belum sampai usia itu hukum belum bisa diterapkan. Adapun dalam hukum positif, hukum bisa diterapkan untuk siapa saja tanpa batasan usia. Hanya saja untuk pelaku kejahatan pidana anak-anak harus diperlakukan secara khusus. Kata Kunci:Restorative Justice, perkosaan, pidana, hukum Islam, dan Hukum Positif.

  5. Sosyal Pazarlama Literatür İncelemesi: Prensipler ve Teknikler Kapsamında Ele Alınan Temel Konular (1971-2014)

    OpenAIRE

    Kitapcı, Olgun; Dörtyol, İbrahim Taylan; Gülmez, Mustafa

    2018-01-01

    SosyalPazarlama kavramının doğduğu tarihten günümüze yazılmış ve Web of Science (WOS)veri tabanında yayınlanmış makalelerin, Lee ve Kotler’in 2011 yılındayazdıkları kitapta yer alan sınıflandırma çerçevesinde yorumlanmasını amaçlayanbu çalışma sözkonusu alanda zaman içerisinde hakim olan araştırma eğilimlerini ortayakoymaktadır. Bu kapsamda, ilgili veri tabanında yer alan makalelerin tamamıtaranmış ve sınıflandırılmıştır. Makalelerin temel odakları sosyal pazarlamabağlamında ele alınan temel ...

  6. Ethnobotany and Ethnomedicinal Uses, Chromosomal Status and Natural Propagation of Some Plants of Lahaul-Spiti and Adjoining Hills

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Puneet Kumar

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The present study documented the ethnobotanical and medicinal uses of plants from an ecologically fragile cold desert area of Lahaul-Spiti (Himachal Pradesh, India. Local people use plants for curing the stomach troubles, pain reliever, cough, gastric disorders, and aphrodisiac and other household purposes. In addition, chromosome numbers, male meiosis, and natural propagation were also investigated in these ethnobotanically used plants. Present investigations also form the basis for exploitation of intraspecific chromosomal variation/new cytotypes recorded in some of the presently studied species to detect biochemical diversity in the medicinally important plants. For documentation of ethnobotanical information, personal observations and interviews were conducted with medicine men, hakims, farmers, shepherds, local healers, and old aged people. This study identified 40 plant species under 33 genera belonging to 17 families which have been used locally for curing various diseases and other purposes. All the chromosome counts are new to the study area. On worldwide basis, meiotic chromosome counts of n=14 and n=8 in Rosularia alpestris and Corydalis govaniana, respectively, are the first ever reports. The present study indicates that the people of the area possess good knowledge about the different uses of plants in the area. It has been noticed that due to the lack of interest among younger generations in the preservation of invaluable ethnic knowledge, there is every possible chance of losing such a rich heritage of knowledge. It is very urgent to conserve such invaluable ethnic knowledge before it gets lost.

  7. LAW ENFORCEMENT PREPAREDNESS FOR THE IMPLEMENTATION OF INDONESIA’S LAW ON JUVENILE JUSTICE SYSTEM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dani Krisnawati

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Paradigmatic changes stipulated in Law Number 11 of 2012 on Juvenile Justice System, including regulations concerning restorative justice and diversion require the competency and skills of the law enforcement officers. This research identifies measures that have been taken and the existing barriers in preparing for the implementation of this Law. The research demonstrates that the readiness of the investigators and child prosecutors are merely limited to the outreach of Law Number 11 of 2012, whilst knowledge of the court judges only covers the draft Law. The number of officers receiving outreach is limited and should be increased. Negative perception on the officers due to the risk of a bribery accusation is feared to hamper the implementation of diversion regulation based on a restorative justice. Perubahan paradigmatik yang termuat dalam Undang-Undang Nomor 11 Tahun 2012 tentang Sistem Peradilan Pidana Anak, termasuk diantaranya ketentuan mengenai keadilan restoratif dan diversi, memerlukan kompetensi dan keahlian aparat penegak hukum. Penelitian ini mengidentifikasi langkah yang telah dilakukan dan kendala persiapan implementasi Undang-Undang tersebut. Hasil penelitian memperlihatkan bahwa kesiapan penyidik dan penuntut umum anak masih terbatas pada partisipasi sosialisasi Undang-Undang Nomor 11 Tahun 2012, sedangkan hakim anak memiliki pengetahuan hanya pada Rancangan Undang-Undang. Jumlah aparat yang menerima sosialisasi Undang-Undangmasih terbatas dan perlu ditingkatkan jumlahnya. Pandangan negatif terhadap aparat karena bisa menimbulkan dugaan suap dikhawatirkan menjadi penghambat diterapkannya ketentuan diversi dengan pendekatan keadilan restoratif.

  8. KRITIK KONSEPTUALISASI PEMEGANG HAK DAN PEMEGANG KEWAJIBAN DALAM UNDANG-UNDANG HAK ASASI MANUSIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muktiono Muktiono

    2016-03-01

    Undang-Undang Nomor 39 Tahun 1999 tentang Hak Asasi Manusia memiliki posisi strategis karena menjadi dasar dan rujukan dalam pembentukan peraturan perundang-undangan di bawahnya dan oleh karena itu akan menentukan kualitas kebijakan dan tindakan negara terkait penegakan Hak Asasi Manusia. Salah satu elemen esensial dalam penormaan definiendum HAM adalah “Pemegang Hak (rights holder” dan “Pemegang Kewajiban (duties-bearer”. Penelitian ini dilakukan dengan menggunakan metode normatif konseptual yang ditujukan untuk melakukan pengujian secara kritis terhadap konstruksi norma “Pemegang Hak (rights holder” dan “Pemegang Kewajiban (duties-bearer” yang ada dalam Undang-Undang Nomor 39 Tahun 1999 tentang Hak Asasi Manusia. Latar belakang faktual diselenggarakannya penelitian ini adalah karena terjadinya kontradiksi penggunaan terminologi “Pemegang Hak (rights holder” dan “Pemegang Kewajiban (duties-bearer” di ruang-ruang publik antara lain oleh otoritas negara, aktivis Hak Asasi Manusia, dan masyarakat. Kontribusi dari luaran penelitian (output adalah pengayaan basis atau acuan interpretasi dalam ratio decidendi maupun obiter dictum para hakim terkait penanganan perkara pelanggaran (violation maupun penyalahgunaan (abuse Hak Asasi Manusia; selain itu, memberikan asistensi kepada otoritas legislatif dan eksekutif dalam menyusun kebijakan, program, rencana, dan tindakan terkait Hak Asasi Manusia sehingga mempunyai tingkat fisibilitas tinggi karena kejelasan pada aspek pelaksana kewajiban oleh lembaga-lembaga negara serta penargetan yang lebih jelas terkait siapa yang menerima manfaatnya. Kata kunci: hak, kewajiban, HAM

  9. Cerebrospinal Fluid Indices in Acute Drug Intoxication; Do They Predict the Patients’ Outcome?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammadreza Farsinejad

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: In some intoxicated patients, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF is examined due to the prolonged loss of consciousness, focal neurologic findings, and fever of unknown origin. We aimed to evaluate the probable relationship between the different toxicity causes and the CSF indices in poisoned patients and determine if they could predict the patients’ outcome. Methods: All patients who had been admitted to the toxicology intensive care unit of Loghman-Hakim hospital between March 2006 and March 2011 and had undergone lumbar puncture (LP were included into this retrospective study. The patients’ demographic data and results of CSF evaluation (level of glucose, lactate dehydrogenase, protein, and white blood cells in CSF fluid were evaluated. The data was analyzed using SPSS software version 17. Results: A total of 111 patients were evaluated. Mean age of the patients was 37±15 years. Thirteen (11.7% had deceased. No relation was found between the cause of poisoning (medication involved and the changes in CSF indices. A statistically significant difference was found between the survivors and non-survivors in terms of CSF protein, LDH, and WBC. However, such a difference was not detected between these two groups regarding CSF glucose. Conclusion: In intoxicated patients with prolonged decreased level of consciousness or prolonged fever, early evaluation of CSF can help early diagnosis of complications such as meningitis and prompt treatment. Also, high level of protein, LDH, and WBC in the CSF can predict higher mortality rates in these patients.

  10. Use of Data Denial Experiments to Evaluate ESA Forecast Sensitivity Patterns

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zack, J; Natenberg, E J; Knowe, G V; Manobianco, J; Waight, K; Hanley, D; Kamath, C

    2011-09-13

    The overall goal of this multi-phased research project known as WindSENSE is to develop an observation system deployment strategy that would improve wind power generation forecasts. The objective of the deployment strategy is to produce the maximum benefit for 1- to 6-hour ahead forecasts of wind speed at hub-height ({approx}80 m). In this phase of the project the focus is on the Mid-Columbia Basin region which encompasses the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) wind generation area shown in Figure 1 that includes Klondike, Stateline, and Hopkins Ridge wind plants. The Ensemble Sensitivity Analysis (ESA) approach uses data generated by a set (ensemble) of perturbed numerical weather prediction (NWP) simulations for a sample time period to statistically diagnose the sensitivity of a specified forecast variable (metric) for a target location to parameters at other locations and prior times referred to as the initial condition (IC) or state variables. The ESA approach was tested on the large-scale atmospheric prediction problem by Ancell and Hakim 2007 and Torn and Hakim 2008. ESA was adapted and applied at the mesoscale by Zack et al. (2010a, b, and c) to the Tehachapi Pass, CA (warm and cools seasons) and Mid-Colombia Basin (warm season only) wind generation regions. In order to apply the ESA approach at the resolution needed at the mesoscale, Zack et al. (2010a, b, and c) developed the Multiple Observation Optimization Algorithm (MOOA). MOOA uses a multivariate regression on a few select IC parameters at one location to determine the incremental improvement of measuring multiple variables (representative of the IC parameters) at various locations. MOOA also determines how much information from each IC parameter contributes to the change in the metric variable at the target location. The Zack et al. studies (2010a, b, and c), demonstrated that forecast sensitivity can be characterized by well-defined, localized patterns for a number of IC variables such as 80-m

  11. Joint conference of iMEC 2015 (2nd International Manufacturing Engineering Conference & APCOMS 2015 (3rd Asia-Pacific Conference on Manufacturing Systems)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-02-01

    Properties Synthesized through Top Down Approach”, which was warmly welcomed by an eager and highly motivated audience. The second keynote speaker was Prof. Ir. Dradjad Irianto (ITB, Indonesia) on “Collaborative Manufacturing for Small-medium Enterprises”. The organizers are very grateful to them for supporting the conference and sharing their latest research results with the conference participants. The conference organizers would like to express our sincere gratitude and thanks to the honorary chairman Prof. Dato, Dr. Daing Nasir Ibrahim and Prof. Dr. Wan Azhar Wan Yusoff and organizing committee members of iMEC2015, Assoc. Prof. Dr. A.K. Prasada Rao (chairman), Dr. Ing. Mohd Azmir Mohd Azhari (co-chairman), and all committee members Assoc. Prof. Dr. Ahmad Razlan Yusoff, Assoc. Prof. Dr. Ismed Iskandar, Dr Noraini Mohd Razali, Dr Muhammed Nafis Osman Zahid, Dr Noor Mazni Ismail, Dr Izwan Ismail, Dr Zamzuri Hamedon, Dr Faiz Mohd Turan, Ms Suraya Sulaiman and secretariat Miss Zuryaty, Mrs Wan Norshihah, Mr. Mohd Khairulnazri and Mr Rafilah and also a million thanks to the steering committee from APCOMS Prof. Dr. Kadarsyah Suryadi, Prof. Dr. Bermawi, P. Iskandar, Prof. Dr. Abdul Hakim Halim, Prof. Dr. Dradjad Irianto, Dr. TMA Ari Samadhi, Ir. I Made Dana Tangkas and APCOMS organizing committee Prof. Dr. Abdul Hakim Halim (chair), Dr. Rachmawati Wangsaputra (co-chair) and other committee members Dr. Iwan Inrawan Wiratmadja, Dr. Anas Ma'ruf, Dr. Sukoyo and Dr. Wisnu Aribowo. The editorial board are indebted to all of the reviewers who were willing to spend their precious time in reviewing the papers. Thanks also to all who contributed direct or indirectly in making this conference a success, especially Mr. Mohd Khairulnazri in helping the editors complete the proceedings. Dr. Zamzuri Hamedon Editor in-chief iMEC & APCOMS 2015 Associate Editors 1. Assoc. Prof. Dr. A.K. Prasada Rao 2. Assoc. Prof. Dr. Ahmad Razlan Yusoff 3. Dr. Ing. Mohd Azmir Mohd Azhari 4. Dr. Muhammed

  12. Joint conference of iMEC 2015 (2nd International Manufacturing Engineering Conference and APCOMS 2015 (3rd Asia-Pacific Conference on Manufacturing Systems)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2016-01-01

    ;Nanomaterials with Exceptional Properties Synthesized through Top Down Approach”, which was warmly welcomed by an eager and highly motivated audience. The second keynote speaker was Prof. Ir. Dradjad Irianto (ITB, Indonesia) on “Collaborative Manufacturing for Small-medium Enterprises”. The organizers are very grateful to them for supporting the conference and sharing their latest research results with the conference participants. The conference organizers would like to express our sincere gratitude and thanks to the honorary chairman Prof. Dato, Dr. Daing Nasir Ibrahim and Prof. Dr. Wan Azhar Wan Yusoff and organizing committee members of iMEC2015, Assoc. Prof. Dr. A.K. Prasada Rao (chairman), Dr. Ing. Mohd Azmir Mohd Azhari (co-chairman), and all committee members Assoc. Prof. Dr. Ahmad Razlan Yusoff, Assoc. Prof. Dr. Ismed Iskandar, Dr Noraini Mohd Razali, Dr Muhammed Nafis Osman Zahid, Dr Noor Mazni Ismail, Dr Izwan Ismail, Dr Zamzuri Hamedon, Dr Faiz Mohd Turan, Ms Suraya Sulaiman and secretariat Miss Zuryaty, Mrs Wan Norshihah, Mr. Mohd Khairulnazri and Mr Rafilah and also a million thanks to the steering committee from APCOMS Prof. Dr. Kadarsyah Suryadi, Prof. Dr. Bermawi, P. Iskandar, Prof. Dr. Abdul Hakim Halim, Prof. Dr. Dradjad Irianto, Dr. TMA Ari Samadhi, Ir. I Made Dana Tangkas and APCOMS organizing committee Prof. Dr. Abdul Hakim Halim (chair), Dr. Rachmawati Wangsaputra (co-chair) and other committee members Dr. Iwan Inrawan Wiratmadja, Dr. Anas Ma'ruf, Dr. Sukoyo and Dr. Wisnu Aribowo. The editorial board are indebted to all of the reviewers who were willing to spend their precious time in reviewing the papers. Thanks also to all who contributed direct or indirectly in making this conference a success, especially Mr. Mohd Khairulnazri in helping the editors complete the proceedings. Dr. Zamzuri Hamedon Editor in-chief iMEC and APCOMS 2015 Associate Editors 1. Assoc. Prof. Dr. A.K. Prasada Rao 2. Assoc. Prof. Dr. Ahmad Razlan Yusoff 3. Dr. Ing. Mohd Azmir

  13. Is thrombophilia a major risk factor for deep vein thrombosis of the lower extremities among Lebanese patients?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R Kreidy

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available R Kreidy1, N Irani-Hakime21Department of Vascular Surgery, 2Department of Laboratory Medicine, Saint George Hospital, University Medical Center, University of Balamand, Beirut, LebanonAim: Factor V Leiden (R506Q mutation is the most commonly observed inherited genetic abnormality related to vein thrombosis. Lebanon has one of the highest frequencies of this mutation in the world with a prevalence of 14.4% in the general population. The aim of this study is to define risk factors including inherited genetic abnormalities among Lebanese patients with lower extremity deep vein thrombosis. We report the clinical outcome of patients with thrombophilia.Methods: From January 1998 to January 2008, 162 patients (61 males and 101 females were diagnosed with lower extremity deep vein thrombosis. Mean age was 61 years (range: 21 to 95 years.Results: The most frequent risk factors for vein thrombosis were surgery, advanced age, obesity, and cancer. Twenty-five patients had thrombophilia, 16 patients had factor V Leiden (R506Q mutation, and seven patients had MTHFR C677T mutation. Ninety-two percent of patients screened for thrombophilia were positive. Screening was requested in young patients (16, patients with recurrent (11, spontaneous (8, and extensive (5 venous thrombosis, familial history (5, pregnancy (4, estroprogestative treatment (3, and air travel (1. Nine patients had one, 11 patients had two, and five had three of these conditions. Follow-up (6 to 120 months of these 25 patients treated with antivitamin K did not reveal recurrences or complications related to venous thromboembolism.Conclusion: Factor V Leiden mutation followed by MTHFR mutation are the most commonly observed genetic abnormalities in these series. Defining risk factors and screening for thrombophilia when indicated reduce recurrence rate and complications. Recommendations for thrombophilia screening will be proposed.Keywords: venous thrombosis, risk factors, genetics, factor V

  14. Tobacco cessation counselling for women in rural Sindh: is it being offered

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ali, S.; Naqvi, A.

    2011-01-01

    Background: Tobacco is the single leading and most preventable cause of death in today's worlds and responsible for six of the eight leading mortality causes in the world. Diseases related to tobacco use are known to cause about 5.4 million deaths every year, 80% of which are contributed by the developing world, and this toll is estimated to increase up to 8 million deaths per year by 2030. This study was conducted to determine the number of women who were offered counselling regarding cessation of tobacco use by all health care providers (medical and alternate), in rural Sindh, Pakistan. Methods: This cross-sectional survey was conducted during January to March, 2008 in District Khairpur, Sindh, Pakistan. A validated, pre-tested, translated questionnaire was used to collect the data from 502, adult women (aged between 18-60 years). These women were asked about the type of health provider they visited in the past 12 months and practices of provider regarding tobacco control including cessation and advice. Results: A large majority of women (nearly 71%) were illiterate, and 44% of women were in the age group 18-24 years. High prevalence (10%) of adult women were smokers. Only 12% of the total women who visited physicians during this time period were asked about their smoking status as compared to 7% who visited hakims and 13% who were approached by lady health visitors. Conclusion: A very small segment of the women users of health care system is enquired and counselled about tobacco use in any form by the health providers in Rural Sindh. Revisiting practices for health care professionals is urgently needed to address inevitable tobacco use in the region. (author)

  15. Differences in Demographic and Psychological Variables in Suicide by Self-immolation and Poisoning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Azadeh Memarian

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Background: Self-immolation and intentional poisoning are two common methods for suicidal attempts in developing countries. Few studies have compared the characteristics of people who commit suicide by self-immolation or intentional poisoning. Hence, the aim of this study was to compare demographic, social, and psychological features between these two groups.Methods: In the present study, patients hospitalized after suicide by self-immolation in Shaheed Motahari Hospital, Tehran, were compared to patients hospitalized due to intentional poisoning in Loghman Hakim Hospital, Tehran, in 2011. Demographic and psychological data were collected by interviews and questionnaires and analyzed by SPSS software (version 16.Results: Overall, 50 patients with poisoning and 21 patients with self-immolation were enrolled in this cross-sectional study. The mean age of the patients in the poisoning group was significantly lower than the self-immolation group (P=0.007. The number of married people in the self-immolation group was significantly higher than the poisoning group (P=0.014. Substance abuse was also significantly higher (P=0.048 and educational level was significantly lower (P=0.023 in the self-immolation group. However, the prevalence of anxiety disorders (P=0.001 and adjustment disorders (P=0.007 was significantly higher in the poisoning group than the self-immolation group.Conclusion: The findings of this study suggest the presence of differences between individuals who commit suicide by self-immolation or by poisoning in terms of demographic and psychological factors. Identification of these differences can be important in planning suicide prevention measures and education.

  16. Differences in Demographic and Psychological Variables in Suicide by Self-immolation and Poisoning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kamran Aghakhani

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Background: Self-immolation and intentional poisoning are two common methods for suicidal attempts in developing countries. Few studies have compared the characteristics of people who commit suicide by self-immolation or intentional poisoning. Hence, the aim of this study was to compare demographic, social, and psychological features between these two groups. Methods: In the present study, patients hospitalized after suicide by self-immolation in Shaheed Motahari Hospital, Tehran, were compared to patients hospitalized due to intentional poisoning in Loghman Hakim Hospital, Tehran, in 2011. Demographic and psychological data were collected by interviews and questionnaires and analyzed by SPSS software (version 16. Results: Overall, 50 patients with poisoning and 21 patients with self-immolation were enrolled in this cross-sectional study. The mean age of the patients in the poisoning group was significantly lower than the self-immolation group (P=0.007. The number of married people in the self-immolation group was significantly higher than the poisoning group (P=0.014. Substance abuse was also significantly higher (P=0.048 and educational level was significantly lower (P=0.023 in the self-immolation group. However, the prevalence of anxiety disorders (P=0.001 and adjustment disorders (P=0.007 was significantly higher in the poisoning group than the self-immolation group. Conclusion: The findings of this study suggest the presence of differences between individuals who commit suicide by self-immolation or by poisoning in terms of demographic and psychological factors. Identification of these differences can be important in planning suicide prevention measures and education.

  17. THE CONCEPTS OF MARJA - I TAQLID - WILAYAT - I FAQIH and PERSPECTIVES OF MARJA - I TAQLID to WILAYET - I FAQIH in IRAQ SHIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Halil IŞILAK

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available In the Shia, social position of Shiite cleric on behalf of Imam, advanced gradually and it expanded to cover the majority of his authority. But this did not have systematic until the middle 19th cntury. In the 19th, instution of marja - i taqlid was systematized and it was thought that Shia cleric , except precidency , should assume the duties and responsibilities under the authority of the Imam and all members of the Shia should be follower of one of the cleric. Up to 1970’s marja - i taqlids thought about political theory and devoloped a theory on the ideal form of go vernmend fort he Shiite despite of Imam’s occultation. But in the period of Imam’s occultation they did not suggest that Imam’s presidential authorty should be assumed by Shia cleric. In the 1970’s Khomeini suggested that Shiite cleric should assume the Im am’s presidential authorty. In the 1979 Iranian Islamic Revolution took place and Kkomeini has implemented the theory of vilayet - i faqih . From this date, institution of marja - ı taqlid and concept of vilayet - i faqih began to pose contradictions. Majority of the marja - ı taqlids opposed the theory of theory of vilayet - i faqih and they stated that there is no such presidential authorty on behalf of the Imam. Muhsin al - Hakim, was the most important religious authority in Nacaf in this period, opposed to the vie ws of Khomeini. However, after the 1979 revolution the most important and powerful opposition to vilayet - i faqih shown by Abul Qasim Khui in Iraq.

  18. Hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer and familial colorectal cancer in Central part of Iran, Isfahan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amin Nemati

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: There is a lack of data on familial aggregation of colorectal cancer (CRC in Iran. We aimed to deter-mine the frequency of hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC and familial colorectal cancer (FCC and to determine the frequency of extracolonic cancers in these families in Isfahan. Methods: We reviewed documents of all patients with a pathologically confirmed diagnosis of CRC admitted to Isfa-han referral hospitals between 1995 and 2006. We also studied our CRC registry at Poursina Hakim Research Institute from 2003 to 2008. We found HNPCC and FCC families based on the Amsterdam II criteria and interviewed them for family history of CRC and extracolonic tumors. The family history was taken at least up to the second-degree relatives. Results: During 1996 to 2008, a total of 2580 CRC cases have been diagnosed. We found 14 HNPCC and 53 FCC families. Mean age of CRC at diagnosis was 48.0 ΁ 14.6 and 49.0 ΁ 13.9 years in the HNPCC and FCC families, re-spectively (p > 0.05. The total numbers of observed extracolonic tumors were 70 (21.6%; mean age = 53.6 ΁ 11.0 years and 157 (13.8%; mean age = 54.8 ΁ 18.0 years in HNPCC and FCC families, respectively (p > 0.05. CRC was respectively found in 52 and 76 members of the HNPCC and FCC families, revealing the frequency of HNPCC and FCC as 2.0% (52/2580 and 2.9% (76/2580, respectively. Conclusions: We found a relative high frequency of HNPCC (2.0% and FCC (2.9% among CRC cases in our socie-ty and high incidence of extracolonic tumors in their families. Further studies focusing on molecular basis in this field and designing a specific screening and national cancer registry program for HNPCC and FCC families should be con-ducted.

  19. A Retrospective Study on Snakebite Victims in a Tertiary Referral Center

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nasim Zamani

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Background: Snakebite is a serious public health problem in the world. The annual incidence of snakebites ranges from 4.5-9.1 in 100,000 population in Iran. With regard to diversity of envenomation profiles in different geographical parts of Iran, the aim of this study was to determine the demographical data, clinical and laboratory findings, and the outcome of the snakebite victims referred to a tertiary referral hospital. Methods: In this retrospective, cross-sectional study in Loghman Hakim Hospital Poisoning Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran, during a four-year period from March 2007 to March 2011. The demographic data, clinical manifestations, paraclinical findings, treatments performed before hospital admission, time elapsed between the bite and hospital admission, total dose of antivenom and the patients’ outcomes were investigated. Results: Seventy cases (58 males, 12 females were evaluated. Most of the cases (79% were older than 20 year old. The most common bite site was upper extremity (67%. Most of the patients were admitted within 5 h after the snakebite. The most common local and systemic manifestations were swelling (90%, pain (81.4%, nausea and vomiting (24.3%. Leukocytosis (35.7% and thrombocytopenia (25.7% were the most common laboratory abnormalities. Most of the patients (97.1% were treated with antivenom. Fifty percent of the patients only received 3-5 vials of antivenom. The mortality rate was 1.4%. Necrosis of the toes and compartment syndrome were the only serious complications. Conclusion: The findings emphasize the importance of early admission to the hospital and treatment with antivenom to avoid morbidity and mortality.

  20. Preliminary physicochemical evaluation of Kushta tutia: A Unani Formulation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohd Tariq

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Kushta is an important solid dosage form of Unani system of medicine used to treat various ailments. Very small particle size of kushta is responsible for its rapid absorption in body leading to instant therapeutic actions. Kushta tutia (KT is one such renowned formulation used by hakims for successful management of various disorders. However, there is lack of scientific work on KT. Objectives: The present study was performed to evaluate KT physicochemically by testifying it on classical tests along with modern scientific techniques. Materials and Methods: Tutia was first detoxified as per classical literature. It was triturated with water and dried, afterwards subjected to calcination in furnace rather than cow dung cakes due to isolation of material being heated and better temperature control. Finished product was evaluated for physicochemical characteristics including preliminary tests mentioned in classical literature. Results: Floating and finger test were positive. Curd test showed no discoloration after 48 h. These findings indicate correct preparation of KT according to classical literature. Bulk density (0.96 ± 0.00 g/ml; tapped density (1.53 ± 0.00 g/ml; Hausner ratio (0.62 ± 0.00, compressibility index (37.52 ± 0.19%; loss of weight on drying (0.08 ± 0.00%; pH of 1 and 10% (5.20 ± 0.00 and 5.62 ± 0.00, respectively; total ash, acid insoluble ash, and water soluble ash values 95.75 ± 0.09, 6.57 ± 0.02, and 45.02 ± 0.20%, respectively; and extractive values 0.85 ± 0.02% were reported in KT. Conclusion: Since this work has not been reported earlier, the results obtained could be considered as the standard for KT for future studies.

  1. Clinical and biochemical profile of patients with Type 2 diabetes mellitus

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Iqbal, M.A.; Hadi, A.; Ikramullah, A.H.

    2015-01-01

    Objective: Diabetes is a worldwide disease that has high prevalence throughout the world. It can lead to many complications if not treated properly. Major complications are Coronary Artery Disease, retinopathy, neuropathy and nephropathy. Adequate control of blood sugar level is the key to preventing diabetic complications. Optimal blood sugar level in diabetics can be achieved with adequate therapy and good compliance to drugs and diet. Material and Methods: Hospital based observational cross sectional study. Patients were interviewed and assessed regarding duration of diabetes, type of therapy, number of drugs, compliance to drugs, and complications due to diabetes. Results: Total study population was 200. Mean age was 54.86+ 9.84 years (24-85). Male were 69 (34.8%). Types II Diabetes was present in 184 (91.5%). Newly diagnosed diabetics were 23(11.9%). Only 15% were on Insulin therapy, 3% were on both Insulin and oral treatment and the rest were taking oral medications. Only 56.7% were good compliant to medications. Among study subjects, 12.5% were taking hakim medications/alternative therapy and 5% were on diet control, 40(20%) were taking no medications and 120 (59.7%) were taking one drug. Two, three and four drugs were taken by 34 (16.9%), 4(2.3%) and 2 (1.1%) patients respectively. Diabetic complications were present in 65(32.3%) patients. Average random blood sugar was 190 mg% with + (80.68 mg%). Adverse effects of therapy were seen in 15 patients (7.5%), hypoglycaemia was the commonest adverse effects of drugs found in 3.8% patients. (author)

  2. Development of antiproliferative nanohybrid compound with controlled release property using ellagic acid as the active agent

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hussein MZ

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Mohd Zobir Hussein1,2, Samer Hasan Al Ali2, Zulkarnain Zainal2, Muhammad Nazrul Hakim31Advanced Materials and Nanotechnology Laboratory, Institute of Advanced Technology (ITMA, 2Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, 3Department of Biomedical Science, Faculty of Medicine and Health Science, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Selangor, MalaysiaAbstract: An ellagic acid (EA–zinc layered hydroxide (ZLH nanohybrid (EAN was synthesized under a nonaqueous environment using EA and zinc oxide (ZnO as the precursors. Powder X-ray diffraction showed that the basal spacing of the nanohybrid was 10.4 Å, resulting in the spatial orientation of EA molecules between the interlayers of 22.5° from z-axis with two negative charges at 8,8′ position of the molecules pointed toward the ZLH interlayers. FTIR study showed that the intercalated EA spectral feature is generally similar to that of EA, but with bands slightly shifted. This indicates that some chemical bonding of EA presence between the nanohybrid interlayers was slightly changed, due to the formation of host–guest interaction. The nanohybrid is of mesopores type with 58.8% drug loading and enhanced thermal stability. The release of the drug active, EA from the nanohybrid was found to be sustained and therefore has good potential to be used as a drug controlled-release formulation. In vitro bioassay study showed that the EAN has a mild effect on the hepatocytes cells, similar to its counterpart, free EA.Keywords: ellagic acid, nonaqueous solution, ZnO, zinc-layered hydroxide, viability test

  3. Neurologic Complications of Methanol Poisoning: A Clinicoepidemiological Report from Poisoning Treatment Centers in Tehran, Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hakimeh Eghbali

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Background: In this study we sought to investigate clinical findings (with a focus on neurologic effects and also to analyze outcomes of a series of patients with methanol poisoning admitted to two poisoning treatment centers in Tehran, Iran. Methods: In this prospective cross-sectional study, methanol-poisoned patients admitted to departments of forensic medicine and toxicology of Loghman Hakim and Baharloo hospitals in Tehran during October 2010 to October 2011 were included; and their data were recorded in predesigned checklists. Results: Twenty-eight methanol poisoned patients (82.1% men with mean age of 29.3±4.6 years were studied. Most patients (67.9% had metabolic acidosis at presentation. On admission, all patients had different degrees of decrease in consciousness, who the majority of them (57.1% were admitted with mildly reduced consciousness (grade I of Grady coma scale. Headache and vertigo were observed in 7.1% and 17.9% of patients, respectively. Most patients (53.6% had no ocular effects, while 46.6% of patients developed impaired vision. All patients received sodium bicarbonate. Ethanol as antidote and folic acid were given to 18 patients (64.2% and 16 patients (57.1%, respectively. Six patients (21.4% underwent hemodialysis. Over half of the patients (53.6% fully recovered and were discharged without complications. Four patients (14.3% developed total blindness. Four patients (14.3% left the hospital against medical advice by self-discharge (they had no significant complication at the time of discharge. Five patients (17.9% died; who compared to survived cases had significantly lower blood pH (P=0.028, higher coma grade (P

  4. The Dosage Form of Aragh in Treatment, from the Iranian Traditional Medicine Perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adl, Mehdi; Emtiazi, Majid

    2016-05-01

    The Iranian traditional medicine is one of the branches of complementary medicine and it is based on using the dosage forms of plants. One of the most common forms of pharmaceutical plants is Aragh. Due to ease-of-use, distillate is a more acceptable form among the public. In this article, it is attempted to study the usage forms and effects of Aragh according to the valid traditional medicine resources. This article is a review of Iranian traditional medicine textbooks such as Makhzan-ul-dawiah, Gharabadin Kabir, Cannon of Medicine, and other recent texts on medical plants. According to the traditional medicine, the process of getting Aragh is a kind of distillation, which is performed by using Ghar and Alembic (the equipment that are used in distillation). Distillation is the process of extracting and refining the fluid of a plant. Aragh of the plants is much more effective on the body than the plant itself. Traditional medicine regards Aragh as a new kind of drug (medicine) that is rarely mentioned in older texts (except for golab). However, the modern medicine regards it as a dosage form of essence, which is dissolved in water. The more the essence, the better the distillate gets. According to the traditional medicine sources, since the time of Hakim Aghil Khorasani, Aragh was used more and more every day. About 100 kinds of Araghs are mentioned in ancient texts, which are extracted from simple plants. Considering the distillation process and the way it performs, and by knowing that Aragh is a plant's softest and the most influential entity, it seems that it has a huge effect on Arvah and Ghova, the main parts like heart and brain and nervous parts.

  5. Perception of risk and benefit in patient-centered communication and care

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hakim A

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Amin HakimHealthcare Consulting, Staten Island, NY, USAAbstract: There has been an increase in the adoption of patient-centered communication and accountable care that has generated greater interest in understanding patient perception of risk and benefit (PPRB. Patients find complex medical information hard to understand, resulting in inaccurate conclusions. Health behavior models describe the processes that individuals use to arrive at decisions concerning their own care. Studies have shown that their perception and decision making are associated with many factors such as age, gender, race, past experience, cost, and familiarity. Communication plays an important role in health literacy, and many adults are not proficient in the latter, regardless of their education. Clinicians have long provided educational materials but as our understanding of practitioner–patient communication and PPRB increased, so has the need for better ways to present medical advice and potential outcomes to the patient. Educational materials should be accessible, understandable, and actionable. They should have a reading level of grade 5 or 6, and where possible include graphical representations. New print and multimedia tools incorporate easier to understand summaries of risks and benefits, but they often need additional improvements. Patients frequently have a great desire to share in decision making regarding their health, and may prefer to do so in a collaborative fashion with their health care providers. A shared decision will have the patient’s input and promises better clinical outcomes as suggested by the literature; however, evidence from randomized controlled trials is scant. Additional studies should examine these and other types of outcomes. Patients tend to delegate decision making to clinicians in emergent or serious conditions. Practitioners need to have a positive communication style that engages patients in a shared decision making process and

  6. PENGUATAN KERANGKA HUKUM TERKAIT PENYELESAIAN SENGKETA PASAR MODAL SYARIAH PADA PENGADILAN AGAMA / Strengthening Legal Framework For Sharia Capital Market Dispute Resolution In Religious Court

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mul Irawan

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Dari sudut pandang syariah, pasar modal adalah produk muamalah. Transaksi dalam pasar modal diperbolehkan sepanjang tidak terdapat transaksi yang bertentangan dengan ketentuan yang telah digariskan oleh syariah. Perkembangan pasar modal syariah di Indonesia yang sedemikian pesat, akan turut meningkatkan jumlah dan ragam potensi masalah hukum yang mungkin terjadi di pasar modal syariah. Setidaknya, diperlukan dua upaya hukum dalam penguatan kerangka hukum pasar modal syariah, yaitu pertama, upaya preventif yang dapat meminimalisir terjadinya masalah-masalah hukum, seperti perlunya pembentukan regulasi yang merujuk kepada syariah Islam agar tercipta kestabilan dan suasana kondusif bagi penegakan hukum di pasar modal syariah, Kedua, upaya penyelesaian sengketa pasar modal syariah dilakukan melalui dukungan terhadap pengadilan agama sebagai satu-satunya lembaga peradilan yang memiliki kewenangan absolut dalam menyelesaikan perkara perdata pasar modal syariah, perlunya peningkatan kompetensi hakim dan aparatur pengadilan agama serta perlunya pedoman, yurisprudensi dan referensi sebagai rujukan dalam penyelesaian sengketa pasar modal syariah di Indonesia.   According to the sharia point of view, sharia capital market is muamalah product. Capital market transactions are allowed as long as it does conflict with the terms outlined by sharia. The rapid development of Indonesia sharia capital market results in the increasing number and variety of potential legal problems. It takes two legal efforts in strengthening the legal framework for sharia capital market. First, preventive measures to minimize the legal issues occurrence, such as the establishment of islamic law regulations in order to produce stability and good atmosphere of sharia capital market law enforcement. Second, efforts in sharia capital market mediation which is done through support the religious court as the only judicial institutions having the absolute authority in resolving sharia

  7. Sodium hypochlorite accident resulting in life-threatening airway obstruction during root canal treatment: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Al-Sebaei MO

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Maisa O Al-Sebaei,1 Omar A Halabi,2 Ibrahim E El-Hakim3 1Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, King Abdulaziz University – Faculty of Dentistry, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia; 2Saudi Board of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Al-Noor Specialist Hospital, Makkah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia; 3Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Riyadh Colleges of Dentistry and Pharmacy, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Aim: This case report describes a serious and life-threatening complication of the use of sodium hypochlorite as an irrigation solution in root canal therapy. Summary: This case report describes a hypochlorite accident that occurred in a healthy 42-year-old female who was undergoing routine root canal therapy for the lower right central incisor (tooth #41. After approximately 1 hour of irrigation with 3% sodium hypochlorite (for a total of 12 cc, the patient complained of severe pain and burning in the lip. The swelling progressed over the next 8 hours to involve the sublingual and submental fascial spaces with elevation of the tongue and resultant upper airway obstruction. The patient was intubated and remained on mechanical ventilation for 3 days. She recovered without any skin necrosis or nerve deficits. Key learning points: This case report highlights the importance of carefully performing root canal irrigation with sodium hypochlorite to avoid complications. Careful injection without pressure, the use of proper rubber dam isolation, and the use of the endodontic needle are necessary to avoid this type of complication. Although it is a safe root canal irrigation solution, its use may lead to life-threatening complications. Early recognition and management of the untoward effects of sodium hypochlorite are vital for the patient's safety. Keywords: complications of root canal, facial edema, root canal irrigation, root canal therapy, sodium hypochlorite, upper airway obstruction

  8. KONSEPSI DAN APLIKASI PIDANA MATI DALAM PERADILAN DI INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I Made Pasek Budiawan

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Imposition of the death penalty by the judge in the criminal justice process Indonesia still remains a debate among groups that agread with the group that oppose it. But in some laws for special crimes such as terrorism, corruption, narcotics, psychotropic substances, and a human rights capital punishment is still regulated, as well as of the criminal code and the concept of the criminal code by 2015 capital punishment is still based. The  existence of the group that did not agree with the conception and application of this dying, argued that human life bussiness, my God, not the man to lift the perspective of the scientific criminal law that a death penalty still exists in all criminal acts by perpetrators of crimes with widespread impact as well as detrimental to the wider community the research for criminal santions was important to examine the existence of the norms of law as a basic for corrector by maximum capital punishment in Indonesia. Penjatuhan pidana mati oleh hakim dalam proses peradilan pidana Indonesia masih tetap menjadi perdebatan antara kelompok yang setuju dengan kelompok yang menentangnya. Namun dalam beberapa undang-undang tindak pidana khusus seperti terorisme, korupsi, narkotika, psikotropika dan peradilan hak asasi manusia pidana mati masih diatur, begitu juga KUHP dan konsep KUHP tahun 2015 pidana mati masih tetap dicanangkan. Adanya kelompok yang tidak setuju dengan konsepsi dan aplikasi pidana  mati ini berdalih bahwa nyawa manusia menjadi urusan Tuhan, bukan menjadi kewenangan manusia untuk mencabutnya. Perspektif keilmuan hukum pidana bahwa pidana mati masih eksis untuk diberlakukan sepanjang tindak pidana yang dilakukan pelaku menyangkut kejahatan luar biasa dengan dampak luas serta merugikan masyarakat luas. Penelitian terhadap sanksi pidana mati penting dilakukan guna meneliti keberadaan norma hukum sebagai dasar pembenar dijatuhkannya pidana mati ini di Indonesia.

  9. An experimental in-vivo canine model for adult shunt infection

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Procop Gary

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Detailed human studies of the mechanisms and development of shunt infection in real time are not possible, and we have developed a canine hydrocephalus model to overcome this. The intention of this pilot study was to show that the canine hydrocephalus model could be shunted using conventional "human" shunts, and that a shunt infection could be established so that further studies could then be planned. Methods Hydrocephalus was induced in seven dogs (Canis familiaris by fourth ventricle obstruction. Four weeks later they were shunted using a Hakim Precision valve. Four of the dogs received shunts whose ventricular catheter had been inoculated with Staphylococcus epidermidis, and three were uninoculated controls. Four weeks after shunting the dogs were sacrificed and necropsy was performed. Removed shunts and tissue samples were examined microbiologically and isolates were subjected to detailed identification and genomic comparison. Results All the dogs remained well after shunting. Examination of removed shunt components revealed S. epidermidis in the brain and throughout the shunt system in the four inoculated animals, but in two of these Staphylococcus intermedius was also found. S. intermedius was also isolated from all three "negative" controls. There were slight differences between S. intermedius strains suggesting endogenous infection rather than cross- infection from a point source. Conclusion Shunt infection was established in the canine model, and had the experiment been extended beyond four weeks the typical microbiological, pathological and clinical features might have appeared. The occurrence of unplanned shunt infections in control animals due to canine normal skin flora reflects human clinical experience and underlines the usual source of bacteria causing shunt infection.

  10. Electrocardiographic Manifestations of Benzodiazepine Toxicity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nahid Kazemzadeh

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the clinical and electrocardiographic (ECG manifestations of benzodiazepines (BZs. Methods: In this retrospective study, all BZ-poisoned patients hospitalized at Loghman Hakim Hospital between September 2010 and March 2011 were evaluated. Patients’ information including age, sex, time elapsed between the ingestion and presentation, and type of the BZ used were extracted from the patients' charts and recorded. ECGs on presentation to the emergency department (ED were evaluated and parameters such as PR interval, QRS duration, corrected QT, amplitude of S wave in lead I, height of R wave and R/S ratio in the lead aVR were also measured and recorded. Results: Oxazepam, chlordiazepoxide, lorazepam, alprazolam, diazepam, and clonazepam were ingested by 9 (3%, 13 (4.4%, 29 (9.9%, 105 (35.8%, 65 (22.2%, and 72 (24.6% patients, respectively. Mean PR interval was reported to be 0.16 ± 0.03 sec and PR interval of greater than 200 msec was detected in 12 (4.5% patients. Mean QRS duration was 0.07 ± 0.01sec and QRS≥120 msec was observed in 7 (2.6% cases. Conclusion: Diazepam is the only BZ that does not cause QRS widening and oxazepam is the only one not causing PR prolongation. It can be concluded that if a patient refers with a decreased level of consciousness and accompanying signs of BZ toxicity, QRS widening in ECG rules out diazepam, whereas PR prolongation rules out oxazepam toxicity.

  11. Gravitational shunt units may cause under-drainage in bedridden patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaestner, S; Kruschat, T; Nitzsche, N; Deinsberger, W

    2009-03-01

    Implantation of a shunt in a hydrocephalic patient still carries a risk of complications such as over-drainage and under-drainage. Gravitational shunt units are especially designed to minimize the problem of over-drainage. Nevertheless, these valves carry a risk of under-drainage. The best choice of valve for a patient is still challenging. The purpose of this survey was to identify in which patients a gravitational shunt valve is liable to lead to under-drainage. Patients with hydrocephalus entered prospectively into a data base were reviewed retrospectively. The patients were treated between January 2006 to the end of Feb 2007 and those experiencing under- or over-drainage were identified. Thirty-five ventriculo-peritoneal shunt systems were implanted in adult patients. The cause of the hydrocephalus was: normal pressure hydrocephalus in 18 patients, post-haemorrhagic following subarachnoid or intracerebral haemorrhage in 11, associated with a tumour in four and followed a head injury in two patients. Three different valves were used: an adjustable shunt valve with gravitational unit (Pro-GAV 0-20/25 in 21 patients), a gravitational shunt valve with fixed opening pressure (GAV 5/30 in nine patients) and an adjustable differential valve (Hakim medos in five patients). Four patients developed severe, valve-related under-drainage. Each had received a gravitational shunt valve and all were bedridden. In two of these patients it was necessary to change the valve. One patient who had received a differential valve, after regaining mobility developed severe over-drainage with bilateral subdural haematomas. Over-drainage was not seen in long-term bedridden patients with a differential shunt valve. If a bedridden patient with a gravitational shunt valve system lies with a slightly elevated head, this leads to activation of the gravitational unit and this may cause under drainage. As a result, we advise not using an anti-siphon devices in a patient who is bedridden for a

  12. Methadone Related Poisoning on the Rise in Tehran, Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kambiz Soltaninejad

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Background: In Iran, methadone has been used for methadone maintenance treatment (MMT as well as analgesic treatment in pain clinics. Recently, there are some reports regarding accidental and intentional methadone poisonings and deaths. The aim of this study was to evaluate the trend of methadone poisonings and deaths during a 10-year period in Tehran, Iran. Methods: This was a retrospective cross-sectional study over 2000 to 2010. Patients with a documented methadone poisoning who were admitted in Loghman Hakim Hospital Poison Center in Tehran, Iran were identified and included in the study. The data including patients’ age, gender, ingested dose, co-ingestants, intention of ingestion and outcome were extracted from the patients’ medical records. Results: During the study period, 1426 cases of methadone poisoning were recorded, of which, 1041 cases (73% were men. Thirty-six cases (2.5% died. Mean age of the patients was 29.9 ± 17 years. In 476 cases, the intention of poisoning could not be determined, and in the remaining, the intention was misuse (n = 273, 28.7%, suicide (n = 254, 26.7%, accidental (n = 245, 25.8% and abuse (n = 178, 18.8%. Mean of the ingested dose of methadone was 120.6 ± 306.8 mg. The incidence of acute methadone poisoning per one million population of Tehran was 0.43 in 2000 that rose to 37.62 in 2010. Conclusion: The results indicate that methadone poisoning and deaths have increased in Tehran. MMT clinics should be strictly run according to the national guideline to prevent methadone poisoning. With regard to high frequency of poly-drug use in methadone poisoning, it seems important to warn health care providers against prescription of other drugs with methadone. 

  13. The Climate Response to Explosive Volcanism in the Last Millennium Reanalysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Emile-Geay, J.; Erb, M. P.; Hakim, G. J.; Anchukaitis, K. J.; Toohey, M.; Steig, E. J.

    2017-12-01

    Explosive volcanism substantially affects the climate system via the direct effect of radiative forcing anomalies and ensuing influences on, and feedback to, major modes of ocean-atmosphere variability. Eruptions therefore offer unparalleled natural experiments with which to study the climate response to stratospheric aerosol loading. While the instrumental record provides a few, modest examples of such eruptions, the Common Era provides a much larger sample with more dramatic instances [Sigl et al, Nature, 2015]. Here we leverage the Last Millennium Reanalysis (LMR, Hakim et al [JGR-Atm, 2016]), to probe the climate response to explosive volcanism. LMR fuses information from general circulation models and a recent multiproxy compilation [PAGES 2k Consortium, Sci Data, 2017] to depict Common Era climate: surface temperature, 500mb geopotential height, precipitation and drought indices are reconstructed at annual resolution over the past 2,000 years, with error estimates. Using forcing estimates from Toohey & Sigl [ESDD, 2017], the reconstructions shows a 0.2K cooling following the 20 largest eruptions since 750, with maximum impacts over Northern Eurasia and western North America. Comparison to the N-TREND temperature reconstruction [Anchukaitis et al, QSR 2017], which uses a completely independent methodology, shows remarkable agreement in the magnitude and spatial patterns. Surprisingly, reconstructed temperature recovers slowly (10-15y) after major eruptions, a result at odds with conventional wisdom [Robock, Rev. Geophys. 2000] but consistent with modeling results [Pausata et al, PNAS, 2015], and suggestive of an active role for ocean dynamics. Preliminary results show a marginally significant, El Niño-like sea-surface temperature response immediately after the eruption, accompanied by a significant weakening of the Walker circulation and a southward shift of the Intertropical Convergence Zone. A comparison to PMIP3 simulations shows greater magnitudes of

  14. Hallmarks of opium poisoning in infants and toddlers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zamani, Nasim; Sanaei-Zadeh, Hossein; Mostafazadeh, Babak

    2010-10-01

    Accidental opium intoxication in children is an extremely dangerous poisoning if it remains undiagnosed and untreated. The classic triad of miosis, decreased level of consciousness and bradypnea, which are the hallmarks of opiate intoxication, are used for the diagnosis of opium poisoning in adults and children. Little attention has been paid to the signs of opium intoxication in children and no published study has explored the frequency of hallmarks of this type of poisoning in the paediatric population. We conducted a study in order to evaluate the prevalence of major signs of opium poisoning in infants and toddlers. In this study, a total of 228 infants and 82 toddlers who had been admitted to Loghman Hakim Hospital as a result of opium poisoning between 2001 and 2009 were evaluated, retrospectively. The most usual sign of opium poisoning was miosis (90%) followed by a decreased level of consciousness (88.4%), bradypnea (28.4%) and seizure (10.3%). The prevalence of the triad of miosis, bradypnea and a decreased level of consciousness was 25.2%. Miosis in association with decreased level of consciousness was detected in 82.6% of our patients. Bradypnea was present in 74 infants and 14 toddlers, which shows a statistically significant difference (P = 0.01). The mean age and weight of the patients with bradypnea were significantly less than those without bradypnea (P = 0.008 and P = 0.0001, respectively). Bradypnea and seizure were significantly more common in females (36.7% versus 26%; P = 0.05 and 15.2% versus 6.5%; P = 0.01, respectively). Miosis in association with a decreased level of consciousness is the most useful indicator of opium poisoning in infants and toddlers. Furthermore, seizure is a more common feature of this type of poisoning in infants, especially in those who are less than 1 month old.

  15. Controlled release and angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibition properties of an antihypertensive drug based on a perindopril erbumine-layered double hydroxide nanocomposite

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hussein Al Ali SH

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Samer Hasan Hussein Al Ali1, Mothanna Al-Qubaisi2, Mohd Zobir Hussein1,3, Maznah Ismail2,4, Zulkarnain Zainal1, Muhammad Nazrul Hakim51Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, 2Laboratory of Molecular Biomedicine, Institute of Bioscience, 3Advanced Materials and Nanotechnology Laboratory, Institute of Advanced Technology, 4Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Medicine and Health Science, 5Department of Biomedical Science, Faculty of Medicine and Health Science, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Selangor, MalaysiaBackground: The intercalation of perindopril erbumine into Zn/Al-NO3-layered double hydroxide resulted in the formation of a host-guest type of material. By virtue of the ion-exchange properties of layered double hydroxide, perindopril erbumine was released in a sustained manner. Therefore, this intercalated material can be used as a controlled-release formulation.Results: Perindopril was intercalated into the interlayers and formed a well ordered, layered organic-inorganic nanocomposite. The basal spacing of the products was expanded to 21.7 Å and 19.9 Å by the ion-exchange and coprecipitation methods, respectively, in a bilayer and a monolayer arrangement, respectively. The release of perindopril from the nanocomposite synthesized by the coprecipitation method was slower than that of its counterpart synthesized by the ion-exchange method. The rate of release was governed by pseudo-second order kinetics. An in vitro antihypertensive assay showed that the intercalation process results in effectiveness similar to that of the antihypertensive properties of perindopril.Conclusion: Intercalated perindopril showed better thermal stability than its free counterpart. The resulting material showed sustained-release properties and can therefore be used as a controlled-release formulation.Keywords: perindopril erbumine, layered double hydroxides, ion-exchange, coprecipitation, sustained release, angiotensin-converting enzyme

  16. An Epidemiologic Study of Pediatric Poisoning; a Six-month Cross-sectional Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manouchehrifar, Mohammad; Derakhshandeh, Niloufar; Shojaee, Majid; Sabzghabaei, Anita; Farnaghi, Fariba

    2016-01-01

    Intentional and unintentional poisoning are among the most common reasons for referrals to emergency department (ED). Therefore, the present study was designed to evaluate epidemiologic features and effective risk factors of intentional and unintentional poisoning in children. This prospective cross-sectional study was carried out in ED of Loghman Hakim Hospital, greatest referral poison center of Iran, Tehran during March to August 2014. Demographic data, medical history, history of psychiatric disease in child, the cause of poisoning, parents' educational level, household monthly income, location of residence, history of addiction or divorce in family, and the poisoning intentionality were gathered. Data were analyzed using SPSS 18 and appropriate statistical tests based on the purpose of study. 414 participants with the mean age of 4.2 ± 3.43 years were included (57.5% male). Children in the 0-4 year(s) age range had the most frequency with 281 (67.9%) cases. 29 (7%) cases were intentional (62% female, 76% in the 10-14 years old group). Methadone with 123 (29.7%) cases was the most frequent toxic agent in general and in unintentional cases. 10-14 years of age (p = 0.001), and the history of psychiatric disease in children (p <0.001), had a direct correlation with probability of intentional poisoning. While, history of addiction in the family showed an indirect correlation with this probability (p = 0.045). Based on the results of this study, most cases of poisoning in the children were unintentional methadone intoxication in boys in the 0-4 age range with a history of a psychiatric disease, and those who had a history of addiction in the family. In addition, the most powerful risk factor for the children's intentional poisoning was their history of psychiatric disease. The history of addiction in the child's family had indirect correlation with intentional intoxications.

  17. An Epidemiologic Study of Pediatric Poisoning; a Six-month Cross-sectional Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Manouchehrifar

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Intentional and unintentional poisoning are among the most common reasons for referrals to emergency department (ED. Therefore, the present study was designed to evaluate epidemiologic features and effective risk factors of intentional and unintentional poisoning in children. Methods: This prospective cross-sectional study was carried out in ED of Loghman Hakim Hospital, greatest referral poison center of Iran, Tehran during March to August 2014. Demographic data, medical history, history of psychiatric disease in child, the cause of poisoning, parents’ educational level, household monthly income, location of residence, history of addiction or divorce in family, and the poisoning intentionality were gathered. Data were analyzed using SPSS 18 and appropriate statistical tests based on the purpose of study. Results: 414 participants with the mean age of 4.2 ± 3.43 years were included (57.5% male. Children in the 0-4 year(s age range had the most frequency with 281 (67.9% cases. 29 (7% cases were intentional (62% female, 76% in the 10-14 years old group. Methadone with 123 (29.7% cases was the most frequent toxic agent in general and in unintentional cases. 10-14 years of age (p = 0.001, and the history of psychiatric disease in children (p <0.001, had a direct correlation with probability of intentional poisoning. While, history of addiction in the family showed an indirect correlation with this probability (p = 0.045. Conclusion: Based on the results of this study, most cases of poisoning in the children were unintentional methadone intoxication in boys in the 0-4 age range with a history of a psychiatric disease, and those who had a history of addiction in the family. In addition, the most powerful risk factor for the children’s intentional poisoning was their history of psychiatric disease. The history of addiction in the child’s family had indirect correlation with intentional intoxications.

  18. Cytoprotective and enhanced anti-inflammatory activities of liposomal piroxicam formulation in lipopolysaccharide-stimulated RAW 264.7 macrophages

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chiong HS

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Hoe Siong Chiong,1 Yoke Keong Yong,1 Zuraini Ahmad,1 Mohd Roslan Sulaiman,1 Zainul Amiruddin Zakaria,1 Kah Hay Yuen,2 Muhammad Nazrul Hakim1,31Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Malaysia; 2School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Gelugor, Malaysia; 3Sports Academy, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, MalaysiaBackground: Liposomal drug delivery systems, a promising lipid-based nanoparticle technology, have been known to play significant roles in improving the safety and efficacy of an encapsulated drug.Methods: Liposomes, prepared using an optimized proliposome method, were used in the present work to encapsulate piroxicam, a widely prescribed nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug. The cytotoxic effects as well as the in vitro efficacy in regulation of inflammatory responses by free-form piroxicam and liposome-encapsulated piroxicam were evaluated using a lipopolysaccharide-sensitive macrophage cell line, RAW 264.7.Results: Cells treated with liposome-encapsulated piroxicam demonstrated higher cell viabilities than those treated with free-form piroxicam. In addition, the liposomal piroxicam formulation resulted in statistically stronger inhibition of pro-inflammatory mediators (ie, nitric oxide, tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin-1β, and prostaglandin E2 than piroxicam at an equivalent dose. The liposome-encapsulated piroxicam also caused statistically significant production of interleukin-10, an anti-inflammatory cytokine.Conclusion: This study affirms the potential of a liposomal piroxicam formulation in reducing cytotoxicity and enhancing anti-inflammatory responses in vitro.Keywords: liposomes, nitric oxide, cytokines, prostaglandin E2, interleukin-1β, piroxicam

  19. Veri Madenciliğinde Kümeleme Teknikleri Üzerine Bir Çalışma: K-Means ve K-Medoids Kümeleme Algoritmalarının Karşılaştırılması

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Güncel SARIMAN

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Günümüzde bilişim alanındaki gelişmeler sayesinde kullanıcılar daha gelişmiş bilgisayar teknolojilerine hakim olmaktadır ve bu gelişmeler beraberinde sayısal verilerin birikmesine neden olmaktadır. Bilişim teknolojileri biriken verileri saklayabilir. Tüm bu saklanan verilerin anlamlandırılması için veri madenciliği kullanılmaktadır. Veri madenciliği, verilerden önceden bilinmeyen anlamlı bilgileri tanımlama ya da tahmin etme tekniklerini içermektedir. Veri madenciliğinde verileri ortak özellikleri ile gruplamak için kümeleme algoritmaları yardımıyla ilginç desenler bulunabilir. Bu çalışmada UCI Machine Learning Repository veritabanından “Flags” veri seti alınarak k-means ve k-medoids bölümlemeli kümeleme algoritmalarıyla ülkelerin özelliklerine göre kümelere ayrılması hedeflenmiştir. Uygulama Asp.Net ile web ara yüzünde geliştirilerek internet ortamında kullanıcılara sunulmuştur. Çalışmanın sonunda veri seti K-Means ve K-Medoids algoritmalarıyla çalıştırılmış ve elde edilen analiz sonuçları karşılaştırılmalı olarak incelenmiş ve kullanım yerlerine yönelik öneriler sunulmuştur

  20. Acute Lidocaine Toxicity: a Case Series

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mitra Rahimi

    2018-06-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Parenteral form of lidocaine is the best-known source of lidocaine poisoning. This study aimed to evaluate the characteristics of acute lidocaine toxicity.Methods: In this retrospective cross-sectional study, demographics, clinical presentation, laboratory findings, and outcome of patients intoxicated with lidocaine (based on  ICD10 codes admitted to Loghman Hakim Hospital, during April 2007 to March 2014 were analyzed.Results: 30 cases with the mean age of 21.83 ± 6.57 year were studied (60% male. All subjects had used either 6.5% lidocaine spray or 2% topical formulations of lidocaine. The mean consumed dose of lidocaine was 465 ± 318.17 milligrams. The most frequent clinical presentations were nausea and vomiting (50%, seizure (33.3%, and loss of consciousness (16.7%. 22 (73.3% cases had normal sinus rhythm, 4 (13.3% bradycardia, 2 (6.7% ventricular tachycardia, and 2 (6.7% had left axis deviation. 11 (36.6% cases were intubated and admitted to intensive care unit (ICU for 6.91 ± 7.16 days. Three patients experienced status epilepticus that led to cardiac arrest, and death (all cases with suicidal intention.Conclusion: Based on the results of this study, most cases of topical lidocaine toxicity were among < 40-year-old patients with a male to female ratio of 1.2, with suicidal attempt in 90%, need for intensive care in 36.6%, and  mortality rate of 10%.

  1. كتاب العقد المفصّل في قبيلة المجد المؤثّل للسيد حيدر الحلي Book contract detailed in Almajad tribe Permanent For Alsayd Haider Alhilly

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr. Ahlam Fadel Abood د. أحلام فاضل عبود

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Alsayd Haider Alhily (1246 AH - 1304 AD Haider bin Suleiman bin Daoud ends attributed to Imam Hussein bin Ali bin Abi Talib (blessings of Allah be upon them all. some nicknamed him with Abu Hussein and some Abu Sulaiman ( and nicknamed Alhussainy proportion to the percentage of the upper, has the title of some of his contemporaries (AlHakim Alhilly, the title that famous with it is (Alhilly relative to the city of Hilla, after pairing his name (Al Sayed as it became the name attached to him. Alsayd Haider was born in the fifteenth of Sha'ban 1246 AH / 1831 AD in the city of Hilla in village Biermana, in a house known for most of its members in science and literature in addition to what they enjoyed prestige and social policy prestigious. His father was Alsayd Suleiman Bin Alsayd Dawood poet and scholar virtuous and dignified respected in his community, but died abducted soon after being injured plague years 1247 AH and his son Alsayd Haider is still in its second sponsored by his uncle Alsayd Mahdi and was sponsored and pinnacle of Arts and Sciences he was take him to his club in the mosque of Abu Hawwad who was frequented by a large number of students to receive their education at the hands of Alsayd Mehdi (world poet (. Alsayd Haider spoken tongue Rationally honest and faithful sincere in his love for his friends and he enjoyed sharply intelligence and the ability to save, which helped him to possess ammunition great literary heritage, the conservation collections stallions poets and news and also read a lot of books of literary and linguistic at the hands of his teacher and his uncle, Mr. Mahdi, who reunited sponsored and interest, in the light of this work was kept hair and reads books and handling systems so sparkling star in the sky literature, and was able to surpass his contemporaries of poets strongly organized and quality did not stop at his uncle so even taking coached the prose good as him Starter letters to his friends, he was his

  2. Orthostatic intolerance and fatigue in the hypermobility type of Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Wandele, Inge; Rombaut, Lies; De Backer, Tine; Peersman, Wim; Da Silva, Hellen; De Mits, Sophie; De Paepe, Anne; Calders, Patrick; Malfait, Fransiska

    2016-08-01

    To investigate whether orthostatic intolerance (OI) is a significant predictor for fatigue in Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome, hypermobility type (EDS-HT). Eighty patients with EDS-HT and 52 controls participated in the first part of the study, which consisted of questionnaires. Fatigue was evaluated using the Checklist Individual Strength (CIS). As possible fatigue determinants OI [Autonomic Symptom Profile (ASP)], habitual physical activity (Baecke), affective distress [Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS)], pain (SF36), medication use and generalized hypermobility (5-point score of Grahame and Hakim regarding generalized joint hypermobility) were studied. Next, a 20 min head-up tilt (70°) was performed in a subsample of 39 patients and 35 controls, while beat-to-beat heart rate and blood pressure were monitored (Holter, Finometer Pro). Before and after tilt, fatigue severity was assessed using a numeric rating scale. Patients scored significantly higher on the CIS [total score: EDS: 98.2 (18.63) vs controls: 45.8 (16.62), P < 0.001] and on the OI domain of the ASP [EDS: 22.78 (7.16) vs controls: 6.5 (7.78)]. OI was prevalent in EDS-HT (EDS: 74.4%, controls: 34.3%, P = 0.001), and frequently expressed as postural orthostatic tachycardia (41.0% of the EDS group). Patients responded to tilt with a higher heart rate and lower total peripheral resistance (p < 0.001; p = 0.032). This altered response correlated with fatigue in daily life (CIS). In the EDS-HT group, tilt provoked significantly more fatigue [numeric rating scale increase: EDS: +3.1 (1.90), controls: +0.5 (1.24), P < 0.001]. Furthermore, the factors OI, pain, affective distress, decreased physical activity and sedative use explained 47.7% of the variance in fatigue severity. OI is an important determinant of fatigue in EDS-HT. © The Author 2016. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the British Society for Rheumatology. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  3. Younger age is an independent predictor of worse prognosis among Lebanese nonmetastatic breast cancer patients: analysis of a prospective cohort

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    El Chediak A

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Alissar El Chediak,1 Raafat S Alameddine,1 Ayman Hakim,1 Lara Hilal,2 Sarah Abdel Massih,1 Lana Hamieh,3 Deborah Mukherji,1 Sally Temraz,1 Maya Charafeddine,1 Ali Shamseddine1 1Division of Hematology/Oncology, Department of Internal Medicine, 2Department of Radiation Oncology, American University of Beirut Medical Center, Beirut, Lebanon; 3Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, MA, USA Background: Several retrospective studies have reported that younger age at presentation is associated with a worse prognosis for nonmetastatic breast cancer patients. In this study, we prospectively assessed the association between different baseline characteristics (age, tumor characteristics, mode of treatment, etc and outcomes among newly diagnosed nonmetastatic Lebanese breast cancer patients.Methods: We recruited a sample of 123 women newly diagnosed with nonmetastatic breast cancer presenting to American University of Beirut Medical Center. Immunohistochemical, molecular (vitamin D receptor, methylene tetrahydrofolate reductase polymorphisms, and genetic assays were performed. Patient characteristics were compared by age group (<40 and ≥40 years. A Cox regression analysis was performed to evaluate the variables affecting the disease-free survival (DFS. Outcome data were obtained, and DFS was estimated.Results: Among the 123 patients, 47 were 40 years of age or younger, and 76 were older than 40 years. Median follow-up duration was 58 months. Nine out of 47 patients <40 years (19.1% experienced disease relapse in contrast to four out of 76 patients >40 years (5.2%. A wide immunohistochemical panel included Ki-67, cyclin B1, p53, platelet-derived growth factor receptor, and vascular endothelial growth factor receptor, and did not reveal any significant difference in these markers between the two age groups. Older patients had a larger percentage of Luminal A than younger patients. On multivariate analysis

  4. Evaluation of antinociceptive activity of nanoliposome-encapsulated and free-form diclofenac in rats and mice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Goh JZ

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Jun Zheng Goh,1 Sook Nai Tang,1 Hoe Siong Chiong,1,2 Yoke Keong Yong,3 Ahmad Zuraini,1 Muhammad Nazrul Hakim1,4 1Department of Biomedical Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia; 2InQpharm Group, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia; 3Department of Human Anatomy, 4Halal Product Research Institute, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia Abstract: Diclofenac is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID that exhibits anti-inflammatory, antinociceptive, and antipyretic activities. Liposomes have been shown to improve the therapeutic efficacy of encapsulated drugs. The present study was conducted to compare the antinociceptive properties between liposome-encapsulated and free-form diclofenac in vivo via different nociceptive assay models. Liposome-encapsulated diclofenac was prepared using the commercialized proliposome method. Antinociceptive effects of liposome-encapsulated and free-form diclofenac were evaluated using formalin test, acetic acid-induced abdominal writhing test, Randall–Selitto paw pressure test, and plantar test. The results of the writhing test showed a significant reduction of abdominal constriction in all treatment groups in a dose-dependent manner. The 20 mg/kg liposome-encapsulated diclofenac demonstrated the highest antinociceptive effect at 78.97% compared with 55.89% in the free-form group at equivalent dosage. Both liposome-encapsulated and free-form diclofenac produced significant results in the late phase of formalin assay at a dose of 20 mg/kg, with antinociception percentages of 78.84% and 60.71%, respectively. Significant results of antinociception were also observed in both hyperalgesia assays. For Randall–Sellito assay, the highest antinociception effect of 71.38% was achieved with 20 mg/kg liposome-encapsulated diclofenac, while the lowest antinociceptive effect of 17.32% was recorded with 0 mg/kg liposome formulation, whereas in the plantar test, the highest antinociceptive effect

  5. MİRCEA ELİADE’I YAKMAK MI GEREK? ELİADE’A FRANSA’DA YÖNELTİLEN ELEŞTİRİLERİN İDEOLOJİK BOYUTU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramazan ADIBELLİ

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Birilerini cadı ilan ederek onları suçlu göstermek ve sonunda yakarak cezalandırmak Avrupa tarihinin karanlık sayfalarından birini oluşturmaktadır. Cadı avları ve Engizisyon mahkemeleri gibi uygulamalar bugün yok olsa da bu zihniyetin yok olduğunu düşünmek yanlış olur. Bugün Batı'da her ne kadar bazı insanlar fiziken yok edilmeseler de kendilerine birer ideolojik suç isnat edilerek onların itibarları yıkılmaya çalışılmaktadır. Bu ideolojik savaşlarda kendilerini savcı ve hakim ilan edenler hedef seçtikleri karşı görüştekinin yalnızca görüşlerini değil, şahsiyetini ve ortaya koymuş olduğu eserin tamamını yıkmaya çalışmaktadırlar. Eskiden din adına yapılan “cadı avları”günümüzde bilim adına yapılmakta ve böylece bilim, ideolojinin aracı haline getirilmektedir.Bu çalışmadaki amaç, somut bir örnekten hareketle bu sürecin ne şekilde işlediğini ortaya koymaktır ve Batı dillerinden Türkçeye git gide çok sayıda çevrilen kitapları değerlendirirken bunların bilim kisvesi altında ideolojik okumalardan ibaret olabileceği konusunda yeni bir duyarlılığın oluşmasına katkıda bulunmaktır.

  6. KONSEP DIYAT SEBAGAI ALTERNATIF PEMIDANAAN DALAM SISTEM PERADILAN PIDANA UNTUK MENGATASI FENOMENA OVERCAPACITY LEMBAGA PEMASYARAKATAN / THE CONCEPT OF DIYAT AS AN ALTERNATIVE PUNISHMENT IN CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM AS A SOLUTION OF PRISON OVERCAPACITY PHENOMENA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rocky Marbun

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Melalui metode eklektis-inkorporasi dan konsep prismatik, konsep diyat yang telah dimodifikasi akan dapat mengalami unifikasi hukum bagi seluruh komponen bangsa Indonesia. Kebaikan dan keunggulan konsep diyat dapat menjadi solusi alternatif terhadap kegagalan dari sistem hukum pidana yang saat ini dipergunakan. Tujuan utama dari paradigma hukum pancasila bukan hanya sekedar mencapai keadilan semata, namun pula mencapai kedamaian dalam kehidupan bermasyarakat, berbangsa dan bernegara. Pengembalian kondisi masyarakat kepada keadaan semula (restitutio in integrum merupakan tujuan yang utama dalam Paradigma Hukum Pancasila. Namun, proses infiltrasi konsep diyat tersebut, harus melalui penelitian secara mendalam, khususnya terhadap tindak pidana apa yang dapat diterapkan. Konsep diyat pada intinya pula dapat melakukan reduksi terhadap kewenangan hakim dalam menjatuhkan pidana penjara terhadap pelaku tindak pidana tertentu yang ditetapkan melalui politik hukum pidana dan sistem hukum pidana di Indonesia, apabila telah tercapai kedamaian dan keadilan oleh pihak korban dan/atau keluarga korban. Penulisan karya ilmiah ini menggunakan metode yuridis normatif dengan pendekatan undang-undang, pendekatan konseptual, pendekatan filosofis dan pendekatan sosiologis. Through the ecletic-incorporation method and prismatic concept, the concept of diyat which has been modified will make it able to experience the unification of the law for the nation of Indonesia. Through the goodness and excellence of the concept of diyat, the author believes it is an alternative solution to the failure of the Criminal Justice System that is currently used. The main objective of the Paradigm of the Pancasila Law is not just to achieve justice, but also to achieve peace in the life of society, nation and state. Reversing the conditions of the community to its original state (restitutio in integrum is the main goal in the Paradigm of the Pancasila Law. However, the infiltration

  7. General Characteristics of Flora and Vegetation Formations of Eastern Anatolia Region and Its Environs (Türkiye

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Münir ÖZTÜRK

    2015-07-01

    evresinin Flora ve Vejetasyon Formasyonlarının Genel Özellikleri ÖZET: Doğu Anadolu bölgesi ve çevresi Türkiye'nin İran-Turan bölgesinde yer alır. Ülkenin yüksek dağlık bölge silsilesinde (ortalama 1900 m yer alan bölge Quaterner yaşlı ve volkanik karakterlidir. Fırat, Dicle, Karasu, Aras ve Çoruh gibi tarihi ve uluslararsı öneme haiz çoğu ırmak bölge boyunca akar. Bölge tipik kontinental iklim özelliği taşır. Toprakları genellikle allüviyal, kolluviyal, kestane-kahverengi, regosol ve bazalttır. Alan, 8 milyon ha'ın üzerinde çayır ve otlaklara sahiptir. Bu alan Türkiye toplam çayır ve otlaklarının yaklaşık % 41'ini teşkil eder. Sığır üretimi bölgede giderek yükseliyor. Orman vejetasyonu esas itibariyle Pinus sylvestris, Quercus libani, Q. longipes, Q. brantii, Q. macranthera, Juniperus excelsa ve Betula pendula'dır. Ormanlık alanların çoğu tahrip edilmiştir. Bitki örtüsü İran-Turan elementleri bakımından çok zengindir. Fakat biz Akdeniz ve Avrupa-Sibirya elementleri açısından da bir dereceye kadar zengin bulduk. Bölgedeki takson sayısı bakımından en zengin familyalar; Asteraceae, Fabaceae, Poaceae, Lamiaceae, Caryophyllaceae ve Apiaceae; en zengin cinsler ise Astragalus, Verbascum, Centaurea, Ranunculus, Alyssum, Vicia, Silene, Dianthus, Veronica ve Trifolium'dur. Endemiklerin sayısı çok yüksektir, yaklaşık 950. Aynı zamanda bölge Astragalus, Gypsophila, Cousinia and Acanthophyllum gibi cinslerin gen merkezidir. Bölgenin vejetasyonunda hakim tipik bazı birlikler; Triseto-Pinetum sylvestris, Trifolio-Pinetum sylvestris, Ballato-Rhamnetum pallasii, Caragano-Minuartietum lineatea, Hippophaetum rhamnoidis, Typho-Juncetum inflecii, Hordeetum violaceumii, Deschampsio-Ranunculetum brachylobus, Hordeeto - Ranunculetum comosae and Polygon-Primuletum auriculatae vs.dir. Hakim vejetasyonu steptir. Yerli halkın kullandığı çok sayıda doğal bitki türü vardır. Anahtar kelimeler: Doğu Anadolu, Flora

  8. Derivação ventriculoperitoneal com válvula no tratamento da hidrocefalia infantil Evaluation of the ventriculo-peritoneal shunt with valve in the treatment of hydrocephalus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Jorge Facure

    1972-03-01

    Full Text Available Uma série de 95 crianças hidrocefálicas foram submetidas à derivação ventriculoperitoneal (DVP com válvula no período de dezembro de 1965 a novembro de 1969. Os resultados obtidos são analisados e comparados com os obtidos mediante derivação ventriculoatrial (DVA. Das crianças operadas, 54 estão vivas e com a hidrocefalia compensada, 9 faleceram, não sendo possível estabelecer as condições atuais das 32 restantes. Com a derivação para o peritônio foram evitadas as severas complicações vasculares e cardiopulmonares observadas com a derivação para a cvidade cardíaca. O número de revisões cirúrgicas é menor nos pacientes submetidos à DVP com válvula. Além disso, as infecções no sistema de drenagem ventriculoperitoneal provocam quadros menos graves e de mais fácil solução, que os observados na derivação ventriculoatrial. A análise das condições pré-operatórias, das complicações e dos resultados finais permitiram algumas conclusões: 1 o uso de válvula unidirecional, no sistema de derivação ventriculoperitoneal, dificulta a oclusão da extremidade distal do sistema de drenagem; 2 pode-se esperar bons resultados, sem necessidade de revisão cirúrgica, em cêrca de 42,35% das crianças hidrocefálicas submetidas à DVP com válvula; 3 as derivações ventriculoperitoneais com válvula, quando comparadas às derivações ventriculoatriais, considerando um grupo de crianças hidrocefálicas operadas nos mesmos Serviços, em condições semelhantes, com mesmo tempo de seguimento — foram as que proporcionaram melhores resultados; 4 os casos estudados permitem constatar, portanto, que a DVP com válvula, constitui atualmente a terapêutica cirúrgica mais apropriada da hidrocefalia infantil.From December-1965 to November-1969, 95 hydrocephalic infants have been operated upon using ventriculoperitoneal shunt with valve (88 cases with a Spitz-Holter valve, 6 cases with a Hakim valve and one case with a

  9. Karanlık ve Aydınlıkta Depolanmış Ayvalık ve Memecik Çeşidi Natürel Zeytinyağlarının Spektroskopik Verilere Göre Kemometrik Sınıflandırılması

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Betül Öztürk

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Bu çalışmada, Türkiye’nin zeytinyağı üretiminin % 65’ini Oluşturan Ege bölgesinin hakim zeytin çeşidi olan Ayvalık ve Memecik yağ örneklerinin en yaygın spektroskopik yöntemler ile (FTNIR, FTIR-ATR, Excitation-Emission [EX-EM] ve Senkronize [SYN] Floresans Spektroskopisi analiz edilerek sınıflandırılması gerçekleştirilmiştir. Analiz edilen yağ örnekleri organik ve karışık çeşitlerden üretilen bir örnek dışında Kuzey Ege (Ayvalık çeşidi (n=4 ve Güney Ege (Memecik çeşidi (n=4 alt bölgelerinden alınmış toplam 9 adetten Oluşmaktadır. Oda sıcaklığında PET şişeler içinde muhafaza edilen yağ örnekleri gün ışığına maruz bırakılan ve aluminyum folyo ile kaplanmış (karanlık olarak iki gruba ayrılmıştır. Ayvalık ve Memecik çeşidi natürel zeytinyağlarının sınıflandırılması en yaygın kullanılan kemometrik yöntemler ile (Temel Bileşen Analizi, PCA ve Aşamalı Kümeleme Analizi, HCA gerçekleştirilmiştir. Ayvalık ve Memecik çeşitleri spektroskopik yöntemlerin sonuçları temelinde çeşit, orijin bölgesi ve işlem uygulamalarına (ışığa maruz kalma veya karanlıkta tutma gibi göre dikkate değer bir şekilde sınıflanmışlardır. Ayrıca, spektroskopik yöntemlerin natürel zeytinyağların sınıflandırılmasında ve muhtemel depolama koşulları ve tağşiş konusunda ümitvar etkiler sergileyebileceği görülmüştür.

  10. ÂŞIK PAŞA’NIN GARİB-NÂME’DE KUR’ÂN ÂYETLERİNE YAKLAŞIMI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehmet DORUK

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available 13. ve 14. yy. Moğol istilası sebebiyle Anadolu topraklarında kargaşanın hakim olduğu, toplumsal birlikteliğin dumûra uğradığı dönemlerdir. Bu kargaşada halkı dinî değerlerden yararlanarak bir arada tutma çabaları çoğu zaman halkın itibar ettiği dînî-tasavvufî önderler sayesinde olmuştur.Nitekim Mevlana, Yunus Emre vb. zatlar bu konuda önemli hizmetler îfa etmişlerdir.Birliğin sağlanmasında benzer bir çabayı ortaya koyanlardan biri de şüphesiz Aşık Paşa'dır. Aşık Paşa yazdığı eserlerle topluma yön vermiş, toplumun içinde bulunduğu buhrandan kurtulması için manevî dinamikleri harekete geçirmeye çalışmıştır. Onun bu amaçla kaleme aldığı eserlerden biri de Garib-name adlı eseridir. O, bu eserinde dinin özünü ve hayatın gerçekliğini yüz kıssa/konu çerçevesinde anlatmıştır. Aşık Paşa anlattığı her konuyu bir şekilde Kurân ile ilintilendirmiş ve böylece Kurân'ın ruhunu insanlara teneffüs ettirmeye çalışmıştır. Bu makalede Aşık Paşa'nın Garib-name'de Kurân ile kurduğu ilişki üzerinde durulmaya çalışılmıştır. Bu ilişki yanında ayrıca müellifin hayatı, eserleri, ilmi kişiliği ve Garib-name'si hakkında da bilgi verilmiştir.şık Paşa'nın Kurân ayetlerine yaklaşımını ele veren örnekler onun Kurân ayetleri paralelinde oluşturduğu kıssalardan/konulardan seçilerek arz edilmiştir.

  11. Joint hypermobility in children with idiopathic scoliosis: SOSORT award 2011 winner

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-01

    Background Generalized joint hypermobility (JHM) refers to increased joint mobility with simultaneous absence of any other systemic disease. JHM involves proprioception impairment, increased frequency of pain within joints and tendency to injure soft tissues while performing physical activities. Children with idiopathic scoliosis (IS) often undergo intensive physiotherapy requiring good physical capacities. Further, some physiotherapy methods apply techniques that increase joint mobility and thus may be contraindicated. The aim of this paper was to assess JHM prevalence in children with idiopathic scoliosis and to analyze the relationship between JHM prevalence and the clinical and radiological parameters of scoliosis. The methods of assessment of generalized joint hypermobility were also described. Materials and methods This case-control study included 70 subjects with IS, aged 9-18 years (mean 13.2 ± 2.2), Cobb angle range 10°-53° (mean 24.3 ± 11.7), 34 presenting single curve thoracic scoliosis and 36 double curve thoracic and lumbar scoliosis. The control group included 58 children and adolescents aged 9-18 years (mean 12.6 ± 2.1) selected at random. The presence of JHM was determined using Beighton scale complemented with the questionnaire by Hakim and Grahame. The relationship between JHM and the following variables was evaluated: curve severity, axial rotation of the apical vertebra, number of curvatures (single versus double), number of vertebrae within the curvature (long versus short curves), treatment type (physiotherapy versus bracing) and age. Statistical analysis was performed with Statistica 8.1 (StatSoft, USA). The Kolmogorov-Smirnov test, U Mann-Whitney test, Chi2 test, Pearson and Spermann correlation rank were conducted. The value p = 0.05 was adopted as the level of significance. Results JHM was diagnosed in more than half of the subjects with idiopathic scoliosis (51.4%), whilst in the control group it was diagnosed in only 19% of cases (p

  12. Joint hypermobility in children with idiopathic scoliosis: SOSORT award 2011 winner

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pawłowska Paulina

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Generalized joint hypermobility (JHM refers to increased joint mobility with simultaneous absence of any other systemic disease. JHM involves proprioception impairment, increased frequency of pain within joints and tendency to injure soft tissues while performing physical activities. Children with idiopathic scoliosis (IS often undergo intensive physiotherapy requiring good physical capacities. Further, some physiotherapy methods apply techniques that increase joint mobility and thus may be contraindicated. The aim of this paper was to assess JHM prevalence in children with idiopathic scoliosis and to analyze the relationship between JHM prevalence and the clinical and radiological parameters of scoliosis. The methods of assessment of generalized joint hypermobility were also described. Materials and methods This case-control study included 70 subjects with IS, aged 9-18 years (mean 13.2 ± 2.2, Cobb angle range 10°-53° (mean 24.3 ± 11.7, 34 presenting single curve thoracic scoliosis and 36 double curve thoracic and lumbar scoliosis. The control group included 58 children and adolescents aged 9-18 years (mean 12.6 ± 2.1 selected at random. The presence of JHM was determined using Beighton scale complemented with the questionnaire by Hakim and Grahame. The relationship between JHM and the following variables was evaluated: curve severity, axial rotation of the apical vertebra, number of curvatures (single versus double, number of vertebrae within the curvature (long versus short curves, treatment type (physiotherapy versus bracing and age. Statistical analysis was performed with Statistica 8.1 (StatSoft, USA. The Kolmogorov-Smirnov test, U Mann-Whitney test, Chi2 test, Pearson and Spermann correlation rank were conducted. The value p = 0.05 was adopted as the level of significance. Results JHM was diagnosed in more than half of the subjects with idiopathic scoliosis (51.4%, whilst in the control group it was diagnosed in

  13. URGENSI PEMBENTUKAN MODEL PEMBINAAN DAN PEMBIMBINGAN BERBASIS KOMPETENSI BAGI NARAPIDANA PELAKU CYBERCRIME

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Widodo Widodo

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract The judge imprison all cybercrime convicts in Indonesia to be trained in house of correction. Nonetheles, the application of training model for inmate in house of correction.(Lembaga Pemasyarakatan/LAPAS or even mentoring model for inmate in correctional center (Balai Pemasyarakatan/BAPAS has not used the principles of modern penology. This fact causes the purpose of imprisonment the convicts cannot be obtained optimally. One of the evidences is the inmates repeating their crimes (residive.  Therefore, it is necessary to develop new model based on modern penology for training and mentoring the inmates. The purpose of this research is finding out the urgency and the specification of new model training. The achievement of  goals is conducted using research techniques development in LAPAS and BAPAS on territory East Java and D.I Yogyakarta. The new model is called as Training and Competency-Based Mentoring for cybercrime convict. The reason of the urgency this new model is the inmates individually have a potential in the field of Information and Communication Technology. They also want to get more value in LAPAS. Now, there is no law governing the specific training for cybercrime inmates. Therefore, it is necessary to develop a new model of training the inmate based on rational and scientific approaching. While, the specification of the model and the construction of the model is based on the inmates’ need and what they need to get job in accordance with 9 competency of information and technology experts, as well as in accordance with visionary modern penology. Key words: model, inmate, cybercrime, competency, penology   Abstrak Hakim menjatuhkan pidana penjara terhadap semua pelaku tindak pidana cybercrime di Indonesia, dan dibina di Lembaga Pemasyarakatan (LAPAS. Namun, model pembinaan di narapidana di LAPAS dan pembimbingan narapidana di BAPAS belum menggunakan prinsip-prinsip penologi modern, sehingga tujuan pemidanaannya belum

  14. ILLEGAL FISHING SEBAGAI KEJAHATAN KORPORASI SUATU TEROBOSAN HUKUM PIDANA MENGADILI KEJAHATAN ILLEGAL FISHING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moch. Iqbal

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Cakupan, pengertian dan pemahaman illegal fishing yang dipahami dan dianut dalam hukum positif Indonesia adalah pencurian ikan yang berdampak dan berpengaruh besar terhadap perekonomian negara. Oleh karenanya esensi regulasi dan penindakan terhadap illegal fishing di Indonesia seharusnya dipahami pada penindakan pencurian ikan yang berskala besar, yang pada umumnya dilakukan oleh armada-armada asing, kapal-kapal asing yang illegal, yang telah pula berakibat merugikan perekonomian negara (Indonesia triliunan rupiah tiap tahunnya. Dengan model dan jenis pencurian yang berskala besar dan membahayakan perekonomian nasional tersebut, penanganan regulasinya patut diarahkan pada atau untuk mengatasi kejahatan-kejahatan berskala besar dan rumit (sophisticated, yang tergolong dalam jenis kejahatan white collar crime atau kejahatan korporasi. Mengenal dan memahami seluk beluk serta keberadaan kejahatan korporasi, bagi para penegak hukum adalah sebuah keharusan di era modern ini, oleh karenanya tulisan ini memfokuskan pada dua kata kunci (key word illegal fishing dan corporate crime. Mengetahui dan memahami konsep dan regulasi seputar illegal fishing serta kejahatan korporasi menjadi kontribusi penting dalam proses penegakan hukum. Dengan pemahaman atas illegal fishing dan kejahatan korporasi akan menjadi landasan yang kuat bagi setiap praktisi hukum, khususnya penegak hukum dalam berproses acara maupun menentukan jenis dan klasifikasi pertanggungjawaban pidana yang tepat dan benar bagi penegak hukum khususnya para hakim agar berani dan tidak ragu dalam menjatuhkan sanksi pada setiap pelaku illegal fishing atau pelaku kejahatan korporasi. Dengan hukuman yang tegas dan jelas serta pasti, para penegak hukum tidak saja menegakkan hukum dan keadilan melainkan juga telah menyelamatkan perekonomian negara, dengan mencegah potensi kehilangan kekayaan nasional, sebagai pelaksanaan dari fungsi hukum sebagai alat rekayasa sosial.   Coverage, insight, and

  15. SUBJECT AND AUTHOR INDEXS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    IJBE Volume 2

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available SUBJECT INDEX IJBE VOLUME 2access credit, 93acquisition, 177AHP, 61, 82, 165arena simulation,43BMC, 69Bojonegoro, 69brand choice, 208brand image, 208brand positioning, 208bullwhip effect, 43burger buns, 1business synergy and financial reports, 177capital structure, 130cluster, 151coal reserves, 130coffee plantation, 93competitiveness, 82consumer behaviour, 33consumer complaint behavior, 101cooking spices, 1crackers, 1cross sectional analytical, 139crosstab, 101CSI, 12direct selling, 122discriminant analysis, 33economic value added, 130, 187employee motivation, 112employee performance, 112employees, 139EOQ, 23farmer decisions, 93farmer group, 52financial performance evaluation, 187financial performance, 52, 177financial ratio, 187financial report, 187fiva food, 23food crops, 151horticulture, 151imports, 151improved capital structure, 177IPA, 12leading sector, 151life insurance, 165LotteMart, 43main product, 61marketing mix, 33, 165matrix SWOT, 69MPE, 61multiple linear regression, 122muslim clothing, 197Ogun, 139Pangasius fillet, 82Pati, 93pearson correlation, 101perceived value, 208performance suppy chain, 23PLS, 208POQ, 23portfolio analyzing, 1product, 101PT SKP, 122pulp and papers, 187purchase decision, 165purchase intention, 33remuneration, 112re-purchasing decisions, 197sales performance, 122sawmill, 52SCOR, 23sekolah peternakan rakyat, 69SEM, 112SERVQUAL, 12Sido Makmur farmer groups, 93SI-PUHH Online, 12small and medium industries (IKM, 61socio-demographic, 139sport drink, 208stress, 139supply chain, 43SWOT, 82the mix marketing, 197Tobin’s Q, 130trade partnership, 52uleg chili sauce, 1 AUTHOR INDEX IJBE VOLUME 2Achsani, Noer Azam, 177Andati, Trias, 52, 177Andihka, Galih, 208Arkeman, Yandra, 43Baga, Lukman M, 69Cahyanugroho, Aldi, 112Daryanto, Arief, 12David, Ajibade, 139Djoni, 122Fahmi, Idqan, 1Fattah, Muhammad Unggul Abdul, 61Hakim, Dedi Budiman, 187Harianto, 93Hartoyo, 101Homisah, 1Hubeis, Musa, 112Hutagaol, M. Parulian, 93Jaya, Stevana

  16. A variety of amalgamated allusion in Saeb’s sonnet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siavash Haghjoo

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Poetic figures of speech are among the factors which their prominence in a poet’s poetry makes up his/her specific style. One of the figures of speech and poetic techniques is allusive figures of speech or amalgamated allusions. As the name entails, these are types of figures in which allusion is located at the center and amalgamates with other figures. Such amalgamation brings about a novel complicated figure of speech.  One special type of allusive figures of speech is an allusion which is occasionally amalgamated with metaphor and ambiguity, and at times in addition to metaphor and ambiguity with simile. The origin of this figure, which is recently referred to as “metaphoric ambiguous allusion, is traced back to Hakim baz in Persian literature. Although, poetry of Hafez is replete with metaphoric ambiguous allusion, it is considerably ubiquitous in Indian style in a way that its ignorance especially in Saeb’s poetry implies the denial of one of its foremost stylistic qualities. The mixed nature of this figure and the presence of several robust figures besides each other which are the basis of poetic fantasy and a fantastic presentation is created by combination of these figures. These figures invite readers into a mode of reflection and thinking and opens corridors of fantasy towards him replete with unsurpassable satisfaction. Such amalgamated figure is formed when a poet grants an allusion to a phenomenon which in reality the phenomenon owns such quality but in a different conceptualization. Supposedly, the given figure was Saeb’s major artifact which helped him to fulfill his distinct poetic quality i.e. unsurpassed power of creating vivacious contents. The present article intended to conduct a supplementary reanalysis of “metaphoric ambiguous allusion and its different varieties and examined it in Saeb’s Poetry. Metaphoric ambiguous allusion refers to a metaphor which alludes to something. The characteristics of the

  17. PERSAMAAN PERLAKUAN PARA PIHAK DALAM BERACARA DI KPPU DALAM PERSPEKTIF HUKUM ACARA PERADILAN INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I Made Sari

    2016-07-01

      atau argumentasi pihak yang lainnya sebelum hakim menjatuhkan putusan, wajib dilaksanakan dalam berpekara. Tidak seimbangnya posisi dari pihak-pihak yang berperkara dalam persidangan KPPU akan menimbulkan masalah dalam mencari keadilan. Bagaimana kedudukan Putusan Komisi Pengawas Persaingan Usaha ditinjau dari sistem hukum acara peradilan di Indonesia?; serta bagaimanakah bentuk perlindungan hukum terhadap terlapor, apabila terlapor tidak mendapatkan hak atas persamaan perlakuan dalam beracara di KPPU?. Jenis penelitian ini adalah penelitian hukum normatif mencakup penelitian terhadap sistematika hukum,  sinkronisasi hukum, sejarah hukum, yang beranjak dari konflik norma yang mengatur mengenai Kedudukan hukum putusan KPPU; dan norma kosong dalam tata cara berperkara di KPPU. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa (1 Kedudukan hukum putusan Komisi Pengawas Persaingan Usaha dalam hukum acara peradilan adalah putusan Komisi Pengawas Persaingan Usaha sebagai putusan quasi judicial dengan hukum acara yang dibuat sendiri yang disebut Tata Cara Penanganan Perkara di KPPU; disamping Kitab Undang - Undang Hukum Acara Perdata. (2 Bentuk  perlindungan hukum bagi pelaku usaha sebagai terlapor masih belum diatur secara tegas sehingga mengandung potensi bahwa pihak terlapor dapat dikorbankan karena ketiadaan aturan yang jelas mengenai bentuk formulasi perlindungan hukum dalam beracara di KPPU atas di korbankannya hak atas persamaan perlakuan dari terlapor.

  18. Obituario: El doctor Victor Manuel Ferrans

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alfredo Jácome Roca

    2002-04-01

    Full Text Available

    A finales del año pasado falleció en los Estados Unidos el médico colombiano Víctor Ferrans, quien dedicó su vida entera a la investigación en biología molecular.

    “Vic” (como le decían sus contemporáneos norteamericanos nació en Barranquilla en la década de los 30. Con raíces catalanas, se graduó de bachiller en el tradicional Colegio Biffi de los Hermanos Cristianos; viajó a New Orleans, donde se graduó de médico en la Universidad de Tulane e hizo su internado en el Charity Hospital de la misma ciudad.

    En vez de proseguir con una tradicional residencia en campos clínicoquirúrgicos que le hubieran garantizado una vida sin aulagas, decidió sacar un doctorado en anatomía, en su misma Alma Mater.

    Los colombianos éramos particularmente apreciados en aquel sitio, merced a programas como el “Tulane-Colombia” (ahora Cideim en Cali, orientado hacia el estudio de las enfermedades tropicales, y a la presencia de decenas de profesionales becados para hacer postgrados allí (que en nuestro país adquirirían luego el remoquete de los “Tulane boys”.

    Numerosas personas saltan a mi memoria, entre las que se encuentran Eduardo Gaitán, Germán Beltrán, Eugenio González, Ramsés Hakim, Alfonso Villamil, Jorge León, su hermana María Amalia y los hermanos Alberto y Mario Bernal, Oscar Bolaños, Mario Hurtado y muchos otros, que pasamos por aquellos claustros y residimos en esa interesante ciudad. Yo lo hice entre 1965 y 1967, cuando compartí trabajo y amistad con mi paisano Ferrans.

    Casado con la también barranquillera Gloria Grocer, Víctor se ubicó en el grupo del Profesor George E. Burch, jefe de Medicina Interna y eminente cardiólogo e investigador.

    Sus primeros “papers” llevaron la co-autoría de Burch, entre los que recuerdo uno sobre la necesidad de tratar las cardiomiopatìas dilatadas que se observaban en situaciones como los embarazos, con reposo estricto y prolongado

  19. Committee for International Conference on Mechanical Engineering Research (ICMER 2011)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yusoff, Ahmad Razlan Bin

    2012-09-01

    Special Task & Poster 1) Lee Giok Chui (Chair) 2) Mohd Fadzil Abdul Rahim 3) Che Ku Eddy Nizwan 4) Hazami Che Hussain 5) Mohd Fazli Ismail 6) Mahdhir Mohd Yusof 7) Mohd Padzly Radzi 8) Rahimah Che Ramli Secretariats 1) Ir. Ahmad Rasdan Ismail (Chair) 2) Mohd Shahri Mohd Akhir 3) Luqman Hakim Ahmad Shah 4) Juliawati Alias 5) Nurazima Ismail 6) Mohamad Faizal Mohamed Zahri 7) Raja Allen Jordan Izzuddin Shah 8) Rosidah Mohd Norsat 9) Norshalawati Mat Yusof 10) Zainab Daud 11) Nur Sufiah Jamaludin 12) Azslinda Ibrahim 13) Nurul Azreen Zainal Abidin 14) Nurul Ashikin Mohd Khalil 15) Mohd Zaki Mohd Ali

  20. Femoral nerve blockade using various concentrations of local anesthetic for knee arthroscopy in the pediatric population

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Veneziano G

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Giorgio Veneziano,1,2 Jennifer Tripi,1 Dmitry Tumin,1 Mumin Hakim,1 David Martin,1,2 Ralph Beltran,1,2 Kevin Klingele,3,4 Tarun Bhalla,1,2 Joseph D Tobias1,2 1Department of Anesthesiology & Pain Medicine, Nationwide Children’s Hospital, 2Department of Anesthesiology & Pain Medicine, The Ohio State University College of Medicine, 3Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Nationwide Children’s Hospital, 4Department of Orthopedic Surgery, The Ohio State University College of Medicine, Columbus, OH, USA Background: Femoral nerve blockade (FNB provides effective postoperative analgesia in children undergoing arthroscopic knee surgery as evidenced by their opioid-sparing effects and decreased postoperative pain scores. Increasing the local anesthetic concentration in peripheral nerve blockade for adults undergoing orthopedic surgery has been shown to be beneficial, increasing block success rate, and providing a longer duration of analgesia. The effect of increasing the concentration of local anesthetic in extremity blocks in children remains largely unexplored.Methods: We retrospectively evaluated the effectiveness of FNB using three concentrations of local anesthetic (ropivacaine 0.2%, bupivacaine 0.25%, and ropivacaine 0.5% in children and adolescents undergoing arthroscopic knee surgery. The primary outcome evaluated was postoperative opioid consumption before discharge. Secondary outcomes included post-anesthesia care unit (PACU and hospital discharge times, first pain score in PACU, and the incidence of adverse events.Results: Two hundred and sixty-nine children and adolescents who received a FNB for arthroscopic knee surgery from January 2010 to December 2013 were included for analysis. Local anesthetic used in FNB was ropivacaine 0.2% in 116 (43% cases, ropivacaine 0.5% in 75 (28% cases, and bupivacaine 0.25% in 78 (29% cases. Median postoperative opioid consumption (mg/kg intravenous morphine equivalents in the ropivacaine 0.5% group was 0

  1. QUO VADIS: STATUS JABATAN DAN SISTEM KARIR KEPANITERAAN PERADILAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Budi Suhariyanto

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Secara  normatif  status  jabatan  kepaniteraan  peradilan  diatur  secara  berbeda.  Eksplisit  ditetapkan sebagai jabatan fungsional, jabatan fungsional tanpa angka  kredit dan pejabat peradilan. Kualifikasi fungsional yang dimiliki kepaniteraan peradilan keberadaannya disetarakan dengan jabatan struktural dan  sistem  kenaikan  pangkatnya  reguler.  Pada  Mahkamah  Agung,  jabatan  kepaniteraan  disyaratkan dari  Hakim,  sehingga  Panitera  karir  mempunyai  jenjang  tertinggi  hanya  di  kepaniteraan  pengadilan tingkat banding. Sehubungan dengan adanya RUU MA 2012 yang memberikan sebagian porsi jabatan kepaniteraan  Mahkamah  Agung  kepada  Panitera  karir  dan  diberlakukannya  UU  ASN  yang berorientasi pada fungsionalisasi PNS maka perlu ada evaluasi terkait status jabatan dan sistem karir kepaniteraan  peradilan.  Kategorisasi  kepaniteraan  peradilan sebagai jabatan  fungsional  khusus perlu dipertimbangkan dalam ius constituendum.   Normatively,  judicial  registrar  status  is  set  differently.  While  explicity  defined  as  a  functional,  but without  the  credit  and  judicial  office.  Functional  qualification  held  judicial  registrar  existence  is synchronizedwith the structural position of the promotion system and regular. A clerk on the supreme of court must be a judges. So that the clerk have a career at the highest level only appellate court registry. The supreme of court regulation drafting that gaves the registrar portion to career clerk, then enactment  of  civilian  state  apparatus  regulation  get  the  civil  servants  functional  oriented.  It  is necessary to evaluate the official status to career system. On the ius constituendum,    registrar as the special functional need to be considered. Normatively,  judicial  registrar  status  is  set  differently.  While  explicity  defined  as  a  functional,  but

  2. Reflections on the Evolution of the Debate: From Drakht-i Asurig to Nima Poems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Narges Mohammadi badr

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Debate is a poetry or prose in which two things or two people are opposite and discuss the issue with each other until finally one of them overcomes the other. In this genre, the purpose of the writer or poet from this mutuality is proofing a philosophical or moral conclusion or showing his or her art of poetry. In this genre, the main character is human being, animals, other objects or abstract concepts. To compose debate usually the template of odes, sonnets and couplets are used. The base of this kind of literary goes to the time of Plato and Aristotle and the history of it can be divided into before and after Islam. The reasons behind its evolutions and regressions can be studied over the historical periods. Debate before Islam: This method was common in Iranian culture and literature. It seems that the Iranians have adapted this genre which has the characteristics of oral literature from Mesopotamia in ancient periods. One example can be seen in Akkadian, Sumerian texts. The oldest debate in Iranian culture is the one of Drakht-i Asurig[1] in Parthian Pahlavi language in which tree and goat arise to debate and controversy in order to count their advantages and conquered the other side. Finally, this struggle leads to the victory of goat against the tree. Debate after Islam: In Islamic era, debate was more widespread among poets of Azerbaijan and Iraq. Although Hakim Ferdowsi for composing his unique stories has used different species such as dialogue, monologue, praying, brag, lamentation and the debate. But the Unsuri has used this way of expression, to allegory for expressing and proving his theory. Among available Conversations, the debate between "Raven and the Hawk" can be pointed. A.fter the advent of Islam poets such as Ferdowsi, Unsury, Asadi Tusi, Nizami Ganjavi, Dehlavī, Sanai and Attar, Saadi, Rumi, Hafiz, Jami, etc. have paid attention to this genre. After the time of Asadi, many debates of self-description have grown

  3. Batman’da Yeni Bir Keşif: Deraser (Arık Mağara Resimleri A New Discovery In Batman Province: Prehistoric Cave Paintings Of Deraser (Arik

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ersoy SOYDAN

    2013-07-01

    kurulmuştur.Tarihi yerleşim birimlerinden biri de bugün Batman ilinin Gercüşilçesine bağlı Deraser (Arık mezrasıdır. Burada çok sayıda tarihi kalıntıbulunmaktadır. Gercüş ilçesine yaklaşık 20 kilometre uzaklıktabulunan ve Dicle nehrine hakim bir noktada kurulan Deraser (Arıkmezrasında çeşitli yapı kalıntıları, kayalara oyulmuş mezarlar vemağara duvarlarına çizilmiş tarihöncesi olduğu tahmin edilen resimlerbulunmaktadır. Anadolu’da kayalara çizilmiş tarihöncesi resimlerebirçok yerde rastlanmaktadır ancak kırmızı ve siyah boyayla freskotekniğiyle yapılmış resimler nadir olarak görülmektedir. Bu nedenleDeraser’deki (Arık Berha Nivisandi (Yazılı Mağara olarak adlandırılantoprak ya da kök boyayla yapılmış kırmızı ve siyah renkli resimlerinbulunması önemli bir gelişmedir. Buradaki mağara resimlerindegenellikle evcil hayvan tasvirleri, vahşi hayvan mücadeleleri ve kadınlıerkeklişenlik sahneleri bulunmaktadır. Dünyanın pek çok yerindebulunan tarihöncesi mağara resimleri ile tematik olarak benzeşmeklebirlikte çizim tekniği bakımından özgün bir biçime sahiptir.Çalışmamızda daha önce bölgede çalışan araştırmacılar tarafındançeşitli nedenlerle farkına varılamayan Deraser (Arık mağaralardanderlenmiş resimlere ve bu resimlerle ilgili olarak yapılan araştırmasonuçlarına yer verilecektir.

  4. Râhatü’l-İnsân (Pend-Nâme-i Enûşîrvân’ın Türkçe Bir Tercümesi A Turkish Translation of Râhatü’l-İnsân (Pend-Nâme-i Enûşîrvân

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Müjgân ÇAKIR

    2012-09-01

    ı kaynaklarda Râhatü’l-insân veya Pend-nâme-i Enûşîrvân diye adlandırılmış olanıdır. Rıza Kulı Han Hidayet’in Bedâyi‛-i Belhî’ye ait olduğunu belirttiği metnin şairi meselesi ihtilaflıdır. Charles Schefer’in Chrestomathie Persane adlı eserinde neşrettiği metnin mukaddimesinde adı geçen “Şerîf-i Şair”in Ebû Şerîf Muhalledi-yi Gurgânî olduğu da iddia edilmektedir. Râhatü’l-insân Türkiye Kütüphanelerinde nüshaları olan bir eserdir. Bu makalede metin ve onun Süleymaniye Kütüphanesi, Fatih Bölümü, No. 5385’te “Pend-i Nûşîrevân-ı Âdil” adıyla kayıtlı bulunan Türkçe mensur bir tercümesi üzerinde durulacaktır. Bu tercümede Nûşîrevân’ın tacının onyedi diliminde (küngüre yazılı olan nasihatlar sıralanmakta ve bu âdil hükümdarın nasihatlarını askerlerinin okuyabilmesi için yılda bir kez tacını uygun bir yere astırdığından bahsedilmektedir. Nûşîrevân’ın nasihatlarında amacının insanlarını ahlâkî bakımdan eğitmek, insanlar arası ilişkileri düzenlemek kadar tebaa ile hükümdar arası münasebete yön vermek olduğu da görülmektedir. “İhtiyar ve zayıflara hürmet edin, ana baba hakkını gözetin, işlerinizi âlimlere danışarak yapın, dilinize hakim olun, emanete hıyanet etmeyin, düşündükten sonra konuşun” vb. Nûşîrevân’ın tacında kayıtlı olan nasihatlardan bazılarıdır. Makalede eserin Farsça nüshalarıyla Türkçe tercümesi arasındaki farklılıklara da temas edilmeye çalışılacak ve Türkçe tercümenin transkripsiyonlu şekline yer verilecektir.

  5. Kuva-yi Milliye Müzesindeki Sırp Kralı II. Stefan Uroš Milutin (1282-1321 Dönemine Ait Gümüş Sikke A Silver Coin of Serbian King Stephan Uros II Milutin (1282-1321 from Kuva-yi Milliye Museum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ceren ÜNAL

    2012-12-01

    bulunmaktadır. Kuva-yi Milliye Müzesi’nde, 2011 ve 2012 yılı Ağustos ayları arasında yapılan çalışmalar sonucu Ortaçağ Sırbistan dönemine tarihlenen bir adet nadir buluntu gümüş sikke tespit edilmiştir.Kuva-yi Milliye Müzesi’ndeki1 Sırp hükümdar II. Stefan Uroš Milutin (1282-1321 iktidarına tarihlenen bir adet gümüş sikke/dinar2, Anadolu’ya ticaret yoluyla girmi�� olmalıdır. Bir grup gümüş Venedik sikkesi ile beraber bulunan Sırp dinarı, dönemin etkin kültürlerinden Bizans İmparatorluğuna ait sanılarak sınıflanmıştır. Yapılan araştırmalar sonucu 13. yüzyıl sonu Sırp Krallığı dönemine tarihlenen gümüş sikkenin Anadolu’ya girişi ise muhtemelen Venedik ile yapılan ticaretle gerçekleşmiştir. Müzede korunan sikke Doğu ile Batı arasında, özellikle deniz aşırı ticaretin merkezi konumunda olan Anadolu’nun zengin kültürünün yansımasıdır.12. yüzyılda Bizans İmparatorluğunun gücünün zayıflamasıyla, Balkanlarda yaşayan toplumlar arasında bağımsızlık düşüncesi gelişmiştir. 12. yüzyılda kurulan Sırp Krallığı giderek güçlenerek Balkanlarda sınırlarını genişletmiş ve Bizans İmparatorluğu ile Batıdaki devletler arasında denge unsuru olarak önemli bir konuma ulaşmıştır. Sırp Krallığının, Batı’nın Doğu’ya karadan açılan yolu üzerinde olması Batı ile çeşitli ittifak ilişkileri kurmalarında etkindir. Stratejik konumu Bizans İmparatorluğunun da her zaman dostane ilişkiler kurma eğiliminde olmasına neden olmuştur.Dönemin deniz aşırı ticaretteki hakim gücü olan Venedikli tüccarlar kanalıyla Anadolu’ya girmiş olduğu düşünülen gümüş sikke nadir bir buluntudur. Bu nadir gümüş sikke Balkanlar ve Sırbistan’ın tarihi arka planı eşliğinde tanıtılacaktır.

  6. Reseña Histórica de la Psicocirugía en Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mario Camacho Pinto

    1997-06-01

    Full Text Available

    Resumen del trabajo que presentó el autor, en su posesión como Miembro Honorario de la Academia Nacional de Medicina de Colombia y como Miembro Activo de la Sociedad Colombiana de Historia de la Medicina, el día 21 de noviembre de 1996.

    Introducción
    La Psicocirugía puede considerarse como una rama de la Neurocirugía convencional. Esta “Reseña” se refiere solamente a la Historia de la Psicocirugía y no de la Neurocirugía.

    En un concepto moderno la Psicocirugía abarcaría no solamente las Psicosis y las Psiconeurosis sino también las demencias por hidrocefalia de presión cerebral normal o síndrome de Hakim y las alteraciones psíquicas de etiología orgánica, como ciertos tumores cerebrales y traumas cráneo-encefálicos como 10 mostró o anunció Mario Camacho en su trabajo de ingreso a la Academia Nacional de Medicina, titulado “Alteraciones Psíquicas en Neurocirugía” mediante observación y estudio de numerosos pacientes atendidos en el Hospital San Juan de Dios de Bogotá, trabajo elaborado con la colaboración del doctor Gerardo Aristizábal en esa época Residente de la Unidad de Neurocirugía y ahora sobresaliente Neurocirujano. Desafortunadamente este trabajo quedó inédito.

    La Psicocirugía en la modalidad técnica de leucotomías y lobotomías tuvo en el ámbito científico mundial una iniciación repentina, un desarrollo rápido, una descalificación precipitada y un resurgir que se inicia ahora gracias a la tecnología actual. Esta apocopada evolución tiene una particularidad sui generisen Colombia consistente en que se ha sucedido toda su historia dentro de mi vida profesional, como actor o como testigo en afortunada coincidencia que se relata a todo lo largo de este escrito.

    En el año de 1936 el célebre neuropsiquiatra de Lisboa, más tardePremio Nobel, Egaz Moniz, sorprendió a sus oyentes en el II Congreso Mundial de Neurolog

  7. Reliability evaluation and analysis of sugarcane 7000 series harvesters in sugarcane harvesting

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P Najafi

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The performance of agricultural machines depends on the reliability of the equipment used, the maintenance efficiency, the operation process, the technical expertise of workers, etc. As the size and complexity of agricultural equipment continue to increase, the implications of equipment failure become even more critical. Machine failure probability is (1-R and R is machine reliability (Vafaei et al., 2010. Moreover, system reliability is the probability that an item will perform a required function without failure under stated conditions for a stated period of time (Billinton and Allan, 1992. Therefore, we must be able to create an appropriate compromise between maintenance methods and acceptable reliability levels. Precision failure data gathering in a farm is a worthwhile work, because these can represent a good estimate of machine reliability combining the effects of machine loading, surrounding effects and incorrect repair and maintenance. Each machine based on its work conditions, parts combinationand manufacturing process follows a failures distribution function depending on the environment where the machine work and the machine’s specifications (Meeker and Escobar, 1998. General failures distributions for contiguous data are normal, log-normal, exponential and Weibull (Shirmohamadi, 2002. Each machine can represent proportionate behavior with these functions in short or long time. Materials and methods: The study area was the Hakim Farabi agro-industry Company located 35 kilometers south of Ahvaz in Iran. Arable lands of this company are located in 31 to 31°10 N latitude and 45 to 48°36 E longitudes. The region has dry and warm climate. A total of 24 Austoft 7000 sugarcane chopper harvester are being used in the company. Cane harvesters were divided into 3 group consisting of old, middle aged and new. From each group, one machine was chosen. Data from maintenance reports of harvesters which have been recorded within 400

  8. KARAKTERISTIK RUANG PARKIR DI PUSAT PERBELANJAAN JALAN TANJUNGPURA KOTA PONTIANAK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvia Jocunda

    2014-01-01

    Scientific. Departemen Perhubungan Direktur Jendral Perhubungan Darat. 1996. Pedoman Teknis Penyelenggaraan Fasilitas Parkir. Jakarta: Departemen Perhubungan Direktur Jendral Perhubungan Darat. Directorate Of Urban Road Development. 1997. Highway Capacity Manual Project (HCM. Jakarta: Directorate General Bina Marga. Gruen, Victor. 1973. Centers For The Urban Enviroment: Survival Of The Cities. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold Co. Hakim, Rustam dan Hardi Utomo. 2003. Komponen Perancangan Arsitektur Lansekap. Jakarta: PT. Bumi Aksara. Marlina, Endy. 2008. Panduan Perancangan Bangunan Komersial. Yogyakarta: Andi Munawar, Ahmad. 2009. Manajemen Lalu Lintas Perkotaan. Yogyakarta: Beta Offset Neufert, Ernest. 2002. Data Arsitek Jilid II Edisi 33. Jakarta: Erlangga. Setijowarno dan Frazilia R.B. 2001. Pengantar Sistem Transportasi. Semarang: Unika Soegijaprata. Tamin, Ofyar Z. 2000. Perencanaan dan Permodelan Transportasi, Edisi Kedua. Bandung: Institut Teknologi Bandung. Transportation Research Board. 1994. Highway Capacity Manual, Third Edition Special Report 209. Washington D.C: National Research Council. Warpani, Suwardjoko. 1988. Rekayasa Lalu Lintas. Jakarta: PT. Bhratara Niaga Media

  9. Aysun TUNAa,*, Parisa ALİASGHARİ KHABBAZİb, Murat Ertuğrul YAZGANb

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aysun TUNA

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Türk bahçesi üzerinde Batı etkisinin görülmeye başladığı dönem “lale devri”’dir. İdare ve siyasi yönden bir gerileme başlangıcı olan bu dönem kısalığına rağmen, güzel sanatlar ve peyzaj açısından önemlidir. III. Ahmet başta olmak üzere devlet büyükleri ve zenginlerinin yaptırdıkları, kağıthane vadisinden başlayarak, Haliç ve Boğaz kıyılarına yayılan sayısız sahil-saray, saray, köşk ve yalıların bahçe ve koruları ile İstanbul bir “bahçe ve su şehri” görünümüne bürünmüştür. Avrupa’da Rönesans ve Barok bahçe modası yerini İngiliz natüralist bahçelerine bırakırken, Türk bahçesi Barok bahçelerinin güzellik ve ihtişamı ile büyülenmekte idi. Bu devrin en karakteristik eserleri Topkapı Sarayı bahçeleri ve Üsküdar Sarayları’nın bahçeleri olarak karşımıza çıkmıştır. Osmanlı mimarisinin Avrupa etkilerine açılması, 28. Mehmet Çelebi’nin 1720-1721 yılları arasında Fransa’yı ziyareti ile başlayan bir girişimin dolaylı ürünü olmuştur. Bu devirde şiir, edebiyat ve müzikle birlikte bahçe sanatında da büyük gelişmeler olmuş, saray ekranı İstanbul’da manzaraya hakim güzel yerlerde bahçeli saray, köşk ve yalılar yaptırarak zevkü sefa sürmeye başlamışlar. Bunların arasında Beşiktaş’taki Çırağan Sarayı ile Kağıthane Vadisi’ndeki Sadatabad Sarayı ve Üçyüz Köşk bu döneme ait en önemli örnekler olarak değerlendirilmiştir. Lale devri mimarisinde doğrudan doğruya Batı’dan aktarılan “biçimler” görülmemiş ancak lale devri le birlikte baş gösteren ve genel tasarlama eğiliminde kavranabilen yenilikler olmuştur. Lale devrindeki batıya açılış Türk bahçelerinde de benzer düzenlemelerin ortaya çıkmasına yol açmıştır. 1720’lerdeki Fransız elçisi aracılığı ile bu ülkeden bahçe düzenleyicileri getirilmiştir. 19. Yüzyılın başında III. Selim’in kızı karde

  10. 1970’li Yıllar Türkiye Siyasi Tarihinin Kültürel Belleği: 12 Mart Romanı ‘Yaralısın’da Devlet Güdümlü İşkence ve Mahkumiyet Sorunsalı Cultural Memory of 1970s' Turkish Political History: The Question of State-Sanctioned Torture and Imprisonment in the March 12th Novel ‘Yaralısın’

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmet ALVER

    2013-07-01

    rk siyasi yaşamının bilinmeyen birçok yanına ışık tutarak bu durumu edebi bir perspektiften değerlendiren ve bu olaylara etkili bir dille ayna tutmaya çalışan eserlere verilen genel bir ifadedir. Bu bağlamda Erdal Öz’ün ‘Yaralısın’ romanı, 12 Mart 1971 askeri müdahelesi sonrası Türkiye’sinde, döneme ait acı gerçeklere doğrudan ışık tutarak, sol ideolojiyi temsil eden bir neslin yaşadığı acıların kültürel belleğini tutar. Roman, 1970 yıllar Türkiye’sinde, sol fikirli yüzlerce, binlerce entellektüel, üniversite öğrencisi ve aktivistin gözaltı süresince zulme ve işkenceye maruz kaldığı; ülkede hakim olan karanlık bir dönemin kültürel hafızasını kaydederek günümüz neslinin yakın tarihini öğrenmelerinde önemli bir rol oynamaktadır. Erdal Öz’ün bu romanı ayrıca, dönemin siyasetine veya siyasi olaylarına herhangi bir isim veya zaman dilimi kullanmadan somut anlamda doğrudan vurgu yapmaması yönüyle de evrensel bir özellik taşımaktadır. Romanda sunulan işkence ve insanlık dışı her türlü uygulama, herhangi bir totaliter rejim tarafından uygulanabilecek şiddetin doğasına işaret etmektedir. Bu çalışmada Michael Foucault’un felsefi ve sosyoloji teorileriyle açıkladığı devlet ile birey arasındaki ilişkiyi, totaliter bir yapıya sahip iktidarın uyguladığı aşırı gücün etkilerini görmekteyiz. Buna ek olarak, iktidarın romanın tutuklu kahramanı üzerinde hem pskikolojik hem de fiziksel anlamda uyguladığı gücün oluşturduğu etkileri, bu güç karşısındaki direnç girişimini ve bir süre sonra bu güce boyun eğmek zorunda kalarak, kendi kendisinin sorgulayıcısı ve suçlayıcısı olma sürecini incelemektedir. Öte yandan, Elaine Scarry tarafından kaleme alınan “ The Body in Pain” adlı kitap da, işkencenin özellikle de şiddete maruz kalan bireyin dış dünyayla iletişime geçip kendini ifade etme yetisini ortadan kaldıran psikolojik

  11. Annan Planı Referandumu Sürecinde Rauf Denktaş’ın Ötekileştirilmesi: Yeni Düzen Gazetesi Örneği

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ümmü Bayraktar

    2016-10-01

    tarihini de içine alan Nisan 2004 sayısında, Kıbrıs Türk toplumunda medya-siyasi güç ilişkileri çerçevesinde haber metinlerinde Annan Planı’nın nasıl temsil edildiği, bu plana ‘evet’ ve ‘hayır’ın nasıl anlamlandırıldığı ve meşrulaştırma dayanaklarıyla hakim toplumsal anlamların nasıl kurulduğu, kimlik kurguları üzerinden Rauf Denktaş’ın ‘ötekileştirilmesi’yle yaratılan algı değişiklikleri ve kamuoyunu yönlendirme biçimleri nitel ve nicel içerik analizi yöntemleri uygulanarak ortaya konulmuştur.Anahtar Kelimeler: Annan Planı ve Referandumu, Rauf Denktaş, Ötekileştirme, Kıbrıslılık, Türk Milliyetçiliği, Yeni Düzen GazetesiMarginalization of Rauf Denktaş In Annan Plan Referandum Period: Yeni Duzen Newspaper ExampleAbstractThe Annan Plan Referandum on 24 April 2004, created important projections on the political structure of Cyprus and steps towards the solution with still on-going impact. Within that period, different political understandings had acceded in the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC, Greek Cypriot Administration of Southern Cyprus, Turkey and Greece with an impact on the developments of Cyprus issue and an internal political conflict had legitimized in Cyprus and Turkey. AK Party government in Turkey, and the coalition of Republican Turkish Party (CTP and Democrat Party were the determinant factor in shaping the Cyprus policy of the Turkish side. The relations between Rauf Denktaş and Ankara changing on the basis of the dynamics of power in Turkey and international conjuncture had proceed with the full support of Ankara until the AK Party term; the Cyprus issue has been considered as ‘national cause’ in the Turkish foreign policies. During the claims of deviation from the national cause axis, Rauf Denktaş, represented the status quo in North Cyprus as the spokesperson of Turkish nationalism with his own words ‘no solution is solution’ was ‘marginalized’ by the opponent

  12. Camili (Macahel Havzasının (Artvin, KD Türkiye Heyelan Duyarlılık Analizi Landslide Susceptibility Analysis of Camili (Macahel Basin (Artvin, NE Turkey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emre ÖZŞAHİN

    2013-03-01

    ve çok yüksek (611 ha - %2 duyarlı sahalar, % 14 oranla ise düşük (3288 ha - % 13 ve çok düşük(67 ha - % 1 duyarlılıktaki sahalar takip etmektedir. Potansiyel heyelanalanlarının inceleme alanında daha çok eğim ve yağış değerlerininyüksek, dağ ve yamaç morfolojisinin hakim olduğu, bitki örtüsününtahrip edildiği veya zayıf olduğu kuzeye bakan yamaçlarda yoğunlaştığıbelirlenmiştir.Heyelan riskinin yüksek olduğu alanlar yerleşim ve buna benzerdiğer faaliyetler için kullanılırken risk faktörü göz önüne alınmalıdır. Acilolarak bu sahada afet yönetim planlaması yapılmalı ve uygulanmalıdır.

  13. Çan Yöresi Geçiş Dönemi Uygulamalarından Olan Evlenme Ritüelleri Üzerine On the Marriage Rituals of Transition Period Traditions in Çan District

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hamdi GÜLEÇ

    2012-09-01

    iklimiyle Karadeniz iklimi arasında geçiş iklimi hakimdir. Yağışlar daha çok sonbahar, kış, ilkbahar mevsimlerinde görülür. Sanayileşmeye bağlı olarak hızlı nüfus artışı sonucu özellikle çevre köy ve yerleşim birimlerinden ilçe merkezine göç hareketleri yaşanmıştır. İlçede geleneksel kültür yapısı hakim olduğundan, halk dini ve toplumsal geleneklere uygun bir hayat tarzını devam ettirmektedir. İlçede ilkbahar ve yaz aylarında köy hayırları çok yapılmaktadır. Çiftçi bayramı olarak da adlandırılan bu organizasyonlara köydeki herkes katılmaktadır. İlçe merkezi ve köylerde yerli ahali manav olarak adlandırılmaktadır. Ayrıca Balkanlardan göç edip gelip yerleşenler de muhacir olarak bilinmektedir. Pomak ve Kırcali olarak adlandırılan etnik gruplar da vardır. Dağ ve yüksek yerlerde yaşayanlar ise Yörük olarak bilinmektedir. Çanakkale’nin Çan ilçesi halk bilimi bakımından oldukça zengin ve verimli bir yöredir. Çan, halk kültürü değerleri bakımından önemli bir konuma sahiptir. Çan’ın en uzak yerleşim merkezleri olan Çan köylerinde bugün bile halk bilimi verimlerinin canlılığını koruduğu ve yaşadığını görmekteyiz. Günümüzde kurtarılabilen her halk bilimi unsurları geleceğin kültür mirasını oluşturmaktadır. Halk bilimi türkülerden ninnilere, halk inanışlarından doğum ve ölüm geleneklerine, el sanatlarından halk meteorolojisine kadar; halkı kucaklayan geniş bir yelpaze gibi onun maddi ve manevi hayatına yön veren bütün değerleri incelemektedir. Modern çağın bir gereği olarak haberleşme ve iletişim araçlarının, kültürümüz üzerindeki olumsuz etkileri devam etmektedir. Halk arasında son kalıntılar olsa da bu kültür unsurlarını derlemeli, sahip çıkmalı ve bilimsel açılardan değerlendirmeliyiz. Bunlar yapıldığı taktirde, halk bilimi ürünleri geçmişte olduğu gibi bugün de yarın da yaşayacak ve yok olmayacaklard

  14. Dergilerden Özetler

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Osman Eren Karpuzoğlu

    1999-12-01

    Spain. Martin-de las Heras S; Valenzuela A; Villanueva E; Marques T; Expósita N; Bohoyo JM. J Forensic Sci 1999 Mar;44(2:428-31. İçinde 56 yolcu ve şoför bulunan otobüse bir araba önden çarptı. Çarpışmadan birkaç saniye sonra, otobüs ateş aldı ve 28 kişi (15 erkek ve 13 kadın hayatlarını kaybetti. Cesetler neredeyse tamamen kül haline gelmişti. Soruşturmayı yürüten hakim tarafından, kurbanların kimliklerinin ortaya çıkarılması amacıyla multidisipliner bir Kimliklendirme Komisyonu kuruldu. Postmortem işlemler, genel dış muayene, rutin fotoğraflar, dental incelemeler, dental (intraoral ve ekstraoral ve genel radyograflar (göğüs, bilek, vs. ve kimliklendirme için tamamlayıcı biyolojik yöntemleri (örn. DNA analizi içeriyordu. Bulunabilen dental ve tıbbi kayıtları içeren antemor- tem bilgiler, INTERPOL’ün felaket kurbanı kimliklendirme formlarına geçirildi. Detaylı ante - post mortem bilgiler manuel olarak karşılaştırıldı. Bu felakette diş kimliği kurbanların %57’sinde belirlenebildiği halde, 12 yanmış kurbanın kimliklendirilmesinde diş bulguları tek başına yeterli olmadı. Odontolojik inceleme ve tamamlayıcı radyolojik işlemler bu otobüs kazasında fena halde yanmış kurbanların kimliklen- dirilmesi için yeterli, ekonomik ve hızlı yöntemler olarak bulunmuştur. ARABA YIKAMADA KARBON MONOKSİT ZEHİRLENMESİNE BAĞLI DÖRT ÖLÜM Four deaths due to carbon monoxide poisoning in car washes. Carson H.J., Stephens P.J. Am J Forensic Med Pathol 1999 Sep;20(3:274-6. 13 aylık bir dönem içerisinde, kapalı araba yıkamalardaki üç ayrı ölümcül karbon monoksit (CO zehirlenmesi, yaşları 20 ila 36 arasında değişen 4 beyaz adamın ölümüyle sonuçlanmıştır. Her adam, karar verme, dış koşulların farkında olma ve kendini kollamasını bozabilecek, bilinç düzeyini etkileyebilecek maddelerle entoksike görünmektedir. Dördü de kış aylarında ölmüştür. Üç adam için