WorldWideScience

Sample records for risici pae internationale

  1. Prices and risks for flexible mechanisms on the international markets; Priser og risici pae internationale markeder for de fleksible mekanismer

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jensen, J. [Copenhagen Economics Aps, Copenhagen (Denmark)

    2003-07-01

    The aim of this report is to calculate the expected equilibrium prices on flexible mechanisms in the first commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol (2008-2012) and the equilibrium prices on the EU quota trading market in the period 2005-2007. The calculation will combined with additional information be used for evaluating to what extend it is socio-economic recommendable to use flexible mechanisms in the Danish climate strategy. The calculations are made by means of Copenhagen Economics' climate model, CECM, which has been extended with a module performing Monte-Carlo simulations. The report concludes, that before the budget period (2005-2007) the principal element of uncertainty for price fixing will be the individual country's ambition to reduce CO{sub 2}-emissions before the commitment to the Kyoto Protocol. Whether it is socio-economic recommendable to use flexible mechanisms before the budget period is primarily dependent on the expectations to future prices of the flexible mechanisms. (ba)

  2. Droit des organisations internationales

    CERN Document Server

    Sorel, Jean-Marc; Ndior, Valère

    2013-01-01

    Cet ouvrage collectif offre aux enseignants et chercheurs en droit international, aux praticiens et aux étudiants, une analyse actualisée du droit des organisations internationales. Il dresse en cinq parties un tableau, illustré par des exemples variés, des problématiques que soulève le phénomène polymorphe d institutionnalisation de la société internationale. La première partie est consacrée au phénomène des « organisations internationales », sous l angle à la fois de l institutionnalisation progressive des relations internationales et de la difficulté à cerner une catégorie unifiée. La deuxième partie rend compte de la création, de la disparition et des mutations des organisations internationales, ici envisagées comme systèmes institutionnels et ordres juridiques dérivés. La troisième partie analyse l autonomie que l acquisition de la personnalité juridique et de privilèges et immunités, un organe administratif intégré, un personnel ou un budget propres confèrent aux organi...

  3. Internationale rejsende i Aalborg Lufthavn

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Gunvor Riber

    internationale rejsende, der ankommer til Nordjylland gennem Aalborg Lufthavn. Undersøgelsen tog udgangspunkt i det eksisterende internationale rutenetværk i Aalborg Lufthavn, for derudfra at analysere de turister, privat‐ og erhvervsrejsende, der ankommer til Aalborg Lufthavn fra internationale destinationer...

  4. Incoterms in de internationale handelspraktijk

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sonja van Hall

    2011-01-01

    Op 1 januari 2011 zijn de nieuwe Incoterms 2010 in werking getreden. De benaming Incoterms is een acroniem voor International Commercial Terms, een set handelstermen die wordt beschreven en uitgegeven door de Internationale Kamer van Koophandel te Parijs. Het opstellen van een nieuwe set Incoterms

  5. PAES: Positron annihilation induced Auger electron spectrometer

    OpenAIRE

    Hugenschmidt, Christoph

    2015-01-01

    Positron annihilation induced Auger electron spectroscopy (PAES) is a newly developed application for surface studies with high elemental selectivity and exceptional surface sensitivity. The instrument is operated by the Technische Universität München and is located at NEPOMUC.

  6. PAES: Positron annihilation induced Auger electron spectrometer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christoph Hugenschmidt

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Positron annihilation induced Auger electron spectroscopy (PAES is a newly developed application for surface studies with high elemental selectivity and exceptional surface sensitivity. The instrument is operated by the Technische Universität München and is located at NEPOMUC.

  7. Ensretning i den internationale skatteret

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schmidt, Peter Koerver; Bundgaard, Jakob

    2015-01-01

    I lyset af den seneste tids begivenheder (herunder særligt Luxleaks-sagerne) og tiltag på den internationale skattescene ses der i artiklen nærmere på en række af de forhold, som trækker i retning af øget ensretning af selskabsskattereglerne i store dele af verden. Det gøres gældende, at staternes...

  8. Effects of prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE): insights into FASD using mouse models of PAE.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Petrelli, Berardino; Weinberg, Joanne; Hicks, Geoffrey G

    2018-04-01

    The potential impact of prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) varies considerably among exposed individuals, with some displaying serious alcohol-related effects and many others showing few or no overt signs of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD). In animal models, variables such as nutrition, genetic background, health, other drugs, and stress, as well as dosage, duration, and gestational timing of exposure to alcohol can all be controlled in a way that is not possible in a clinical situation. In this review we examine mouse models of PAE and focus on those with demonstrated craniofacial malformations, abnormal brain development, or behavioral phenotypes that may be considered FASD-like outcomes. Analysis of these data should provide a valuable tool for researchers wishing to choose the PAE model best suited to their research questions or to investigate established PAE models for FASD comorbidities. It should also allow recognition of patterns linking gestational timing, dosage, and duration of PAE, such as recognizing that binge alcohol exposure(s) during early gestation can lead to severe FASD outcomes. Identified patterns could be particularly insightful and lead to a better understanding of the molecular mechanisms underlying FASD.

  9. Internationale Medienpädagogik

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christine Trültzsch-Wijnen

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Internationale Vergleiche sind nicht immer einfach, denn sie verlangen große Sensibilität und die Offenheit, sich auf fremde Kulturen einzulassen. Dies betrifft auch die Medienpädagogik, denn wie in einer Kultur mit Medien umgegangen wird, hängt von verschiedenen Einflussfaktoren ab. Dies macht es schwer, einheitliche Kategorien für den internationalen Vergleich von Medienpädagogik zu finden. Es lassen sich aber einige Rahmenbedingungen definieren, welche die Entwicklung der Medienpädagogik in einer bestimmten Kultur oder einem bestimmten Land beeinflussen können: das Mediensystem und Medienangebot, historische Entwicklungen (gesellschaftlich, politisch, das Bildungssystem, theoretische Ansätze (Wissenschaft, Kunst und kulturelle Besonderheiten (vgl. Wijnen 2008; Süss/Lampert/Wijnen 2013: 198–200.

  10. 24 CFR 401.451 - PAE Physical Condition Analysis (PCA).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... (PCA). 401.451 Section 401.451 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban... PROGRAM (MARK-TO-MARKET) Restructuring Plan § 401.451 PAE Physical Condition Analysis (PCA). (a) Review... of the project by means of a PCA. If the PAE finds any immediate threats to health and safety, the...

  11. Fagbevægelsens svage internationale position over den internationale kapital

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Søborg, Henrik

    2007-01-01

    På baggrund af en historisk analyse af fagbevægelsens internationale position med hovedvægten på udbredelsen af industrial relations modeller og deres konfrontation med neo-liberalismen og omstruktureringen af kapatalismen i 1980'erne belyses fagbevægelsens internationale position i dag med eksem...... eksempler fra Kina og Malaysia. Udgivelsesdato: december...

  12. Archives: Afrique Science: Revue Internationale des Sciences et ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Items 1 - 31 of 31 ... Archives: Afrique Science: Revue Internationale des Sciences et Technologie. Journal Home > Archives: Afrique Science: Revue Internationale des Sciences et Technologie. Log in or Register to get access to full text downloads.

  13. Internet i internationale virksomheder : et undervisningsnotat

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rask, Morten

    Notatet angiver forskellige vinkler på fænomenet "Internet i internationale virksomheder". Disse vinkler eller perspektiver hænger sammen, men er her behandlet (nogenlunde) hver for sig. Litteraturen om internet i internationale virksomheder fokuserer ofte på e-handel. E-handel er dog ikke det......-teknologisk perspektiv, der handler om sammenhængen mellem ansigt-til-ansigt og grænseflade interaktioner. De næste to perspektiver fokuserer på virksomhedens aktiviteter i relation til marketing og internationaliseringsprocessen. Disse fem perspektiver stammer fra min Ph.d.-afhandlig (Rask, 2001a). Det sidste...

  14. The occurrence and ecological risk assessment of phthalate esters (PAEs) in urban aquatic environments of China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Lulu; Liu, Jingling; Liu, Huayong; Wan, Guisheng; Zhang, Shaowei

    2015-07-01

    Phthalate esters (PAEs) are widely used in the manufacturing of plastics, and the demand for PAEs has grown rapidly, especially in China. This trend will lead to much more environmental PAE contamination. PAEs are listed as priority substances in the European Union and are therefore subject to ecological risk assessments. This paper reviews the literature concerning the pollution status of PAEs and their ecological risk to aquatic environments. Risk quotients (RQs) based on the predicted no effect concentration and PAE concentrations in aquatic environments demonstrated significant (10 ≤ RQ plastics are produced.

  15. Internationale perspektiver på seksualundervisning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Roien, Line Anne; Simovska, Venka

    2018-01-01

    I Danmark er vi i ikke så vant til at forholde os til internationale erfaringer for seksualundervisning. Men ud fra tanken om, at man kan lære meget om sit eget uddannelsessystem ved at spejle sig i andres, vil vi i dette kapitel rette blikket ud over Danmarks grænser og redegøre for nogle af de...

  16. Johannes Hindi tütar Pille Pae : inimlik headus ei sõltu rezhiimist / Pille Pae ; interv. Anneli Ammas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pae, Pille

    2006-01-01

    Desintegraatori juhi Johannes Hindi tütar Pille Pae vastab küsimustele, mis puudutavad tema isa armuandmispalve esitamist, isale toetusallkirjade kogumist ning Arnold Rüütli suhteid Johannes Hindiga. Lisa: Kes oli Johannes Hint ja mis Desintegraator?

  17. Analysis of the influencing factors of PAEs volatilization from typical plastic products.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Weidong; Chi, Chenchen; Zhou, Chen; Xia, Meng; Ronda, Cees; Shen, Xueyou

    2018-04-01

    The primary emphasis of this research was to investigate the foundations of phthalate (PAEs) pollutant source researches and then firstly confirmed the concept of the coefficient of volatile strength, namely phthalate total content in per unit mass and unit surface area of pollutant sources. Through surveying and evaluating the coefficient of volatile strength of PAEs from typical plastic products, this research carried out reasonable classification of PAEs pollutant sources into three categories and then investigated the relationship amongst the coefficient of volatile strength as well as other environmental factors and the concentration level of total PAEs in indoor air measured in environment chambers. Research obtained phthalate concentration results under different temperature, humidity, the coefficient of volatile strength and the closed time through the chamber experiment. In addition, this study further explored the correlation and ratio of influencing factors that affect the concentration level of total PAEs in environment chambers, including environmental factors, the coefficient of volatile strengths of PAEs and contents of total PAEs in plastic products. The research created an improved database system of phthalate the coefficient of volatile strengths of each type of plastic goods, and tentatively revealed that the volatile patterns of PAEs from different typical plastic goods, finally confirmed that the coefficient of volatile strengths of PAEs is a major factor that affects the indoor air total PAEs concentration, which laid a solid foundation for further establishing the volatile equation of PAEs from plastic products. Copyright © 2017. Published by Elsevier B.V.

  18. Can prostatic arterial embolisation (PAE) reduce the volume of the peripheral zone? MRI evaluation of zonal anatomy and infarction after PAE

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lin, Yen-Ting [Assistance Publique Hopitaux de Paris. Hopital Europeen Georges-Pompidou, Vascular and Oncological Interventional Radiology, Paris (France); Department of Radiology, Taichung Veterans General Hospital, Taichung City (China); Amouyal, Gregory; Pereira, Helena; Del Giudice, Costantino; Dean, Carole [Assistance Publique Hopitaux de Paris. Hopital Europeen Georges-Pompidou, Vascular and Oncological Interventional Radiology, Paris (France); Correas, Jean-Michel [Assistance Publique Hopitaux de Paris. Hopital Europeen Georges-Pompidou, Vascular and Oncological Interventional Radiology, Paris (France); Hopital Necker, Radiology Department, Paris (France); Pellerin, Olivier; Sapoval, Marc [Assistance Publique Hopitaux de Paris. Hopital Europeen Georges-Pompidou, Vascular and Oncological Interventional Radiology, Paris (France); Inserm (Institut national de la sante et de la recherche medicale) U970, Paris (France); Universite Paris Descartes, Paris (France); Thiounn, Nicolas [Assistance Publique Hopitaux de Paris, Hopital Europeen Georges-Pompidou, Urology, Paris (France)

    2016-10-15

    To assess the impact of prostatic arterial embolisation (PAE) on various prostate gland anatomical zones. We retrospectively reviewed paired MRI scans obtained before and after PAE for 25 patients and evaluated changes in volumes of the median lobe (ML), central gland (CG), peripheral zone (PZ) and whole prostate gland (WPV) following PAE. We used manual segmentation to calculate volume on axial view T2-weighted images for ML, CG and WPV. We calculated PZ volume by subtracting CG volume from WPV. Enhanced phase on dynamic contrasted-enhanced MRI was used to evaluate the infarction areas after PAE. Clinical results of International Prostate Symptom Score and International Index of Erectile Function questionnaires and the urodynamic study were evaluated before and after PAE. Significant reductions in volume were observed after PAE for ML (26.2 % decrease), CG (18.8 %), PZ (16.4 %) and WPV (19.1 %; p < 0.001 for all these volumes). Patients with clinical failure had smaller volume reductions for WPV, ML and CG (all p < 0.05). Patients with significant CG infarction after PAE displayed larger WPV, ML and CG volume reductions (all p < 0.01). PAE can significantly decrease WPV, ML, CG and PZ volumes, and poor clinical outcomes are associated with smaller volume reductions. (orig.)

  19. Inimesed linnas = People in the city / Kaja Pae

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pae, Kaja

    2006-01-01

    Eesti näitus "Joint Space" Veneetsia 10. arhitektuuribiennaalil. AB Urban Mark: Ülar Mark, Indrek Tiigi, Kaja Pae, Yoko Alender, Raul Kalvo, Tartu Ülikooli Geograafiainstituut: Rein Ahas, Anto Aasa, Siiri Silm, Positium ICT: Margus Tiru, Erki Saluveer. Näitusel oli eksponeeritud kolm mobiilpositsioneerimisega läbi viidud case study (EKA liikmete liikumisuuring, Eestit külastanud turistide uuring, Tallinna regiooni pendelrändajate uuring). Bibliograafia lk. 33

  20. Contamination of Phthalate Esters (PAEs in Typical Wastewater-Irrigated Agricultural Soils in Hebei, North China.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuan Zhang

    Full Text Available The Wangyang River (WYR basin is a typical wastewater irrigation area in Hebei Province, North China. This study investigated the concentration and distribution of six priority phthalate esters (PAEs in the agricultural soils in this area. Thirty-nine soil samples (0-20 cm were collected along the WYR to assess the PAE residues in soils. Results showed that PAEs are ubiquitous environmental contaminants in the topsoil obtained from the irrigation area. The concentrations of Σ6PAEs range from 0.191 μg g-1 dw to 0.457 μg g-1 dw with an average value of 0.294 μg g-1 dw. Di(2-ethylhexyl phthalate (DEHP and di-n-butyl phthalate (DnBP are the dominant PAE species in the agricultural soils. Among the DEHP concentrations, the highest DEHP concentration was found at the sites close to the villages; this result suggested that dense anthropogenic activities and random garbage disposal in the rural area are possible sources of PAEs. The PAE concentrations were weakly and positively correlated with soil organic carbon and soil enzyme activities; thus, these factors can affect the distribution of PAEs. This study further showed that only dimethyl phthalate (DMP concentrations exceeded the recommended allowable concentrations; no remediation measures are necessary to control the PAEs in the WYR area. However, the PAEs in the topsoil may pose a potential risk to the ecosystem and human health in this area. Therefore, the exacerbating PAE pollution should be addressed.

  1. Johannes Hindi tütar Pille Pae : inimlik headus ei sõltu režiimist / Pille Pae ; interv. Anneli Ammas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pae, Pille

    2006-01-01

    Desintegraatori juhi Johannes Hindi tütar Pille Pae vastab küsimustele, mis puudutavad tema isa armuandmispalve esitamist, isale toetusallkirjade kogumist, Arnold Rüütli suhteid Johannes Hindiga. Lisa: Kes oli Johannes Hint ja mis Desintegraator?

  2. Beyond Barriers: Involving Hispanic Families in the Education Process. Padres a la escuela (PAE).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lewis, Magdalena C.

    The Padres a la escuela (PAE) or Parents in the School program in San Antonio (Texas) encouraged the participation of Hispanic parents in the education of their children. The successes of the PAE program are used in this guidebook to help parents, program staff, and policy makers in similar efforts. This handbook describes the history,…

  3. PaeX, a second pectin acetylesterase of Erwinia chrysanthemi 3937.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shevchik, Vladimir E; Hugouvieux-Cotte-Pattat, Nicole

    2003-05-01

    Erwinia chrysanthemi causes soft-rot diseases of various plants by enzymatic degradation of the pectin in plant cell walls. Pectin is a complex polysaccharide. The main chain is constituted of galacturonate residues, and some of them are modified by methyl and/or acetyl esterification. Esterases are necessary to remove these modifications and, thus, to facilitate the further degradation of the polysaccharidic chain. In addition to PaeY, the first pectin acetylesterase identified in the E. chrysanthemi strain 3937, we showed that this bacterium produces a second pectin acetylesterase encoded by the gene paeX. The paeX open reading frame encodes a 322-residue precursor protein of 34,940 Da, including a 21-amino-acid signal peptide. Analysis of paeX transcription, by using gene fusions, revealed that it is induced by pectic catabolic products and affected by catabolite repression. The expression of paeX is regulated by the repressor KdgR, which controls all the steps of pectin catabolism; by the repressor PecS, which controls most of the pectinase genes; and by catabolite regulatory protein, the global activator of sugar catabolism. The paeX gene is situated in a cluster of genes involved in the catabolism and transport of pectic oligomers. In induced conditions, the two contiguous genes kdgM, encoding an oligogalacturonate-specific porin, and paeX are both transcribed as an operon from a promoter proximal to kdgM, but transcription of paeX can also be uncoupled from that of kdgM in noninduced conditions. PaeX is homologous to the C-terminal domain of the Butyrivibrio fibriosolvens xylanase XynB and to a few bacterial esterases. PaeX contains the typical box (GxSxG) corresponding to the active site of the large family of serine hydrolases. Purified PaeX releases acetate from various synthetic substrates and from sugar beet pectin. The PaeX activity increased after previous depolymerization and demethylation of pectin, indicating that its preferred substrates are

  4. PEWARISAN NILAI-NILAI BUDAYA LOKAL DI MALANG RAYA (STUDI KAUS PAES MANTEN STYLE MALANGAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mila Suraya

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to generate the construction of the learning component paes manten style Malangan built into the process of inheritance values of the local culture. This study includes qualitative research with case study design. In this study, the researchers present for extracting data on informants, at the time of interview and observation. The results of this study were (1 There is a learning process informally in the process of inheritance of learning paes manten Malangan but the learning process that takes place not only on the next generation but can be to anyone (2 The learning process in inheritance cultural values paes manten Malangan done by stages that must be done by the prospective makeup. And the passing skills of paes manten Malangan informal learning occurs at every stage there are deliberate by students (prospective cosmetic, but a source of learning (cosmetic do not realize, or vice versa. (3 Components of learning in paes manten Malangan can not be seen as in formal education but still can be seen implied. Penelitian ini bertujuan menghasilkan konstruksi komponen pembelajaran paes manten style Malangan yang dibangun dalam proses pewarisan nila-nilai budaya lokal. Penelitian ini termasuk penelitian kualitatif dengan desain studi kasus. Pada penelitian ini,  peneliti  hadir  untuk penggalian data dari informan, yaitu pada saat wawancara dan observasi. Hasil dari penelitian ini adalah (1 terdapat proses belajar secara informal pada proses pewarisan pembelajaran paes manten Malangan, namun proses pembelajaran yang berlangsung tidak hanya terjadi pada satu generasi penerus saja tetapi bisa kepada siapa saja (2 proses pembelajaran dalam pewarisan nilai-nilai budaya paes manten Malangan dilakukan dengan tahapan-tahapan yang harus dilakukan oleh calon perias. Pewarisan keterampilan paes manten Malangan pembelajaran informal terjadi pada setiap tahapannya ada yang disengaja oleh peserta didik (calon perias namun sumber belajar

  5. Biomarkers for the detection of prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjerregaard, Lene Berit Skov; Bager, Heidi; Husby, Steffen

    2017-01-01

    Alcohol exposure during pregnancy can cause adverse effects to the fetus, because it interferes with fetal development, leading to later physical and mental impairment. The most common clinical tool to determine fetal alcohol exposure is maternal self-reporting. However, a more objective and useful...... method is based on the use of biomarkers in biological specimens alone or in combination with maternal self-reporting. This review reports on clinically relevant biomarkers for detection of prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE). A systematic search was performed to ensure a proper overview in existing...... to be applicable for detection of even low levels of alcohol exposure. Meconium is an accessible matrix for determination of FAEEs and EtG, and blood an accessible matrix for determination of PEth....

  6. Die Bedeutung internationaler Erfahrungen für den Karriereerfolg von Führungskräften

    OpenAIRE

    Biemann, Torsten

    2009-01-01

    Die langfristigen Auswirkungen internationaler Einsätze von Führungskräften auf deren Karrieren sind bislang kaum empirisch untersucht worden und die wenigen vorliegenden Ergebnisse sind widersprüchlich. Ziel dieser Studie ist deshalb die empirische Untersuchung der Auswirkungen internationaler Erfahrungen auf den Karriereerfolg von Führungskräften anhand eines Vergleichs von Führungskräften mit und ohne internationale Erfahrungen. Es zeigt sich, dass internationale Erfahrungen zu einem höher...

  7. Le contentieux camerounais devant les instances sportives internationales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dikoume François Claude

    2016-01-01

    Les acteurs du sport depuis lors, utilisent donc les voies de recours au niveau international soit vers les fédérations sportives internationales ou encore et surtout vers le TAS qui s'occupe des litiges de toutes les disciplines sportives. Il est question ici de faire un inventaire casuistique descriptif non exhaustif des requêtes contentieuses camerounaises portées devant les diverses instances sportives internationales ; ceci permettra de questionner l'esprit processuel et la qualité technique de leurs réclamations juridiques en matière sportive.

  8. Determination of the post-antibiotic effect (PAE) of combinations of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    use

    2011-12-12

    Dec 12, 2011 ... Post-antibiotic effect (PAE) is one of the pharmacodynamic parameters that can be defined as .... The bacterial strains used in this study were reference strain, ... The mixture was then filtered and the process was repeated by.

  9. Hvorfor standser det internationale samfund ikke krigen i Syrien?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jakobsen, Peter Viggo

    2015-01-01

    kapitlet anvender en analysemodel bestående af 6 forklaringsfaktorer til at forklare hvorfor det internationale samfund ikke magter at standse krigen i Syrien: 1. Støtte fra globale stormagter (FN Sikkerhedsråd). 2. Støtte fra naboer og regionale stormagter 3. Parterne anser en militær sejr for u...

  10. Prostatic Artery Embolization (PAE) for Symptomatic Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH): Part 1, Pathological Background and Clinical Implications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sun, Fei; Crisóstomo, Verónica; Báez-Díaz, Claudia; Sánchez, Francisco M.

    2016-01-01

    Pathological features of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) dictate various responses to prostatic artery embolization (PAE). Typically, BPH originates in the transition zone and periurethral region, where should be considered the primary target area in PAE procedures. Given that histological heterogeneity of components in hyperplasia nodules, epithelial or stromal, identifying the more responsive nodules to PAE will have clinical implications. Since some lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) in patients with BPH are usually related to bladder outlet obstruction-induced changes in bladder function rather than to outflow obstruction directly, proper selection of candidate patients prior to PAE is of great clinical importance. BPH is a typical chronic progressive condition, suggesting PAE could aim not only to relieve LUTS but also to delay or prevent the clinical progression. Awareness of the pathological background of BPH is essential for interventional radiologists to improve clinical outcomes and develop new treatment strategies in clinical practice of PAE

  11. Prostatic Artery Embolization (PAE) for Symptomatic Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH): Part 1, Pathological Background and Clinical Implications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Fei; Crisóstomo, Verónica; Báez-Díaz, Claudia; Sánchez, Francisco M

    2016-01-01

    Pathological features of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) dictate various responses to prostatic artery embolization (PAE). Typically, BPH originates in the transition zone and periurethral region, where should be considered the primary target area in PAE procedures. Given that histological heterogeneity of components in hyperplasia nodules, epithelial or stromal, identifying the more responsive nodules to PAE will have clinical implications. Since some lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) in patients with BPH are usually related to bladder outlet obstruction-induced changes in bladder function rather than to outflow obstruction directly, proper selection of candidate patients prior to PAE is of great clinical importance. BPH is a typical chronic progressive condition, suggesting PAE could aim not only to relieve LUTS but also to delay or prevent the clinical progression. Awareness of the pathological background of BPH is essential for interventional radiologists to improve clinical outcomes and develop new treatment strategies in clinical practice of PAE.

  12. Prostatic Artery Embolization (PAE) for Symptomatic Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH): Part 1, Pathological Background and Clinical Implications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sun, Fei, E-mail: feisun@ccmijesususon.com; Crisóstomo, Verónica, E-mail: crisosto@ccmijesususon.com; Báez-Díaz, Claudia, E-mail: cbaez@ccmijesususon.com; Sánchez, Francisco M., E-mail: msanchez@ccmijesususon.com [Jesús Usón Minimally Invasive Surgery Centre (Spain)

    2016-01-15

    Pathological features of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) dictate various responses to prostatic artery embolization (PAE). Typically, BPH originates in the transition zone and periurethral region, where should be considered the primary target area in PAE procedures. Given that histological heterogeneity of components in hyperplasia nodules, epithelial or stromal, identifying the more responsive nodules to PAE will have clinical implications. Since some lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) in patients with BPH are usually related to bladder outlet obstruction-induced changes in bladder function rather than to outflow obstruction directly, proper selection of candidate patients prior to PAE is of great clinical importance. BPH is a typical chronic progressive condition, suggesting PAE could aim not only to relieve LUTS but also to delay or prevent the clinical progression. Awareness of the pathological background of BPH is essential for interventional radiologists to improve clinical outcomes and develop new treatment strategies in clinical practice of PAE.

  13. Initiative internationale des chaires de recherche | CRDI - Centre de ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Initiative de recherche de sept ans dotée d'un budget de 8 millions de dollars canadiens. L'Initiative internationale des chaires de recherche a pour but de jumeler d'éminents chercheurs d'universités du Canada avec des homologues de pays en développement afin de relever quelques-uns des plus grands défis auxquels ...

  14. Renforcement de la collaboration nationale et internationale afin d ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    L'appui du CRDI au Conseil canadien pour la coopération internationale (CCCI) se poursuit grâce à cette subvention de deux ans visant à renforcer les capacités des membres du conseil en matière d'apprentissage, d'innovation, de recherche sur les politiques et d'élaboration de politiques, en partenariat avec des ...

  15. Upgrade of the Surface Spectrometer at NEPOMUC for PAES, XPS and STM Investigations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zimnik, S.; Lippert, F.; Hugenschmidt, C.

    2014-04-01

    The characterization of the elemental composition of surfaces is of great importance for the understanding of many surface processes, such as surface segregation or oxidation. Positron-annihilation-induced Auger Electron Spectroscopy (PAES) is a powerful technique for gathering information about the elemental composition of only the topmost atomic layer of a sample. The upgraded surface spectrometer at NEPOMUC (NEtron induced POsitron source MUniCh) enables a comprehensive surface analysis with the complementary techniques STM, XPS and PAES. A new X-ray source for X-ray induced photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) was installed to gather additional information on oxidation states. A new scanning tunneling microscope (STM) is used as a complementary method to investigate with atomic resolution the surface electron density. The combination of PAES, XPS and STM allows the characterization of both the elemental composition, and the surface topology.

  16. Phthalate esters (PAEs): Emerging organic contaminants in agricultural soils in peri-urban areas around Guangzhou, China

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zeng Feng; Cui Kunyan; Xie Zhiyong; Wu Lina; Liu Min; Sun Guoquan; Lin Yujun; Luo Danling; Zeng, Zunxiang

    2008-01-01

    This study reports the first data on the concentrations and distribution of phthalate esters (PAEs) in the agricultural soils from the peri-urban areas of Guangzhou city. Σ 16 PAEs concentrations ranged from 0.195 to 33.6 μg g -1 -dry weight (dw). Elevated levels of PAEs were recorded in the vegetable fields located next to the urban districts, and a decreasing trend exists following the distance away from the urban center. Diisobutyl phthalate (DiBP), Di-n-butyl phthalate (DnBP), and Di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) dominated the PAEs in the agricultural soils. Significant relationship (correlation coefficient R 2 = 0.85, p < 0.01, n = 40) was present between the accumulation of PAEs and total organic carbons in agricultural soils. In addition, both pH and texture of soils are found to be important factors affecting the level of PAEs. This study shows that the agricultural soils in the peri-urban area of Guangzhou city were moderately polluted by PAEs. - PAEs are determined in agricultural soils at high concentration levels, which imply a potential risk for the food chain

  17. Prostatic Artery Embolization (PAE) for Symptomatic Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH): Part 2, Insights into the Technical Rationale

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sun, Fei, E-mail: feisun@ccmijesususon.com; Crisóstomo, Verónica, E-mail: crisosto@ccmijesususon.com; Báez-Díaz, Claudia, E-mail: cbaez@ccmijesususon.com; Sánchez, Francisco M., E-mail: msanchez@ccmijesususon.com [Jesús Usón Minimally Invasive Surgery Centre (Spain)

    2016-02-15

    Rationale of prostatic artery embolization (PAE) in the treatment of symptomatic benign prostatic hyperplasia is conventionally believed to include two parts: shrinkage of the enlarged prostate gland as a result of PAE-induced ischemic infarction and potential effects to relax the increased prostatic smooth muscle tone by reducing the number and density of α{sub 1}-adrenergic receptor in the prostate stroma. This review describes new insights into the likely mechanisms behind PAE, such as ischemia-induced apoptosis, apoptosis enhanced by blockage of androgens circulation to the embolized prostate, secondary denervation following PAE, and potential effect of nitric oxide pathway immediately after embolization. Studies on therapeutic mechanisms in PAE may shed light on potentially new treatment strategies and development of novel techniques.

  18. La Cité Universitaire Internationale de Paris

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sébastien Bureau

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available La Cité Internationale Universitaire de Paris est le lieu où se concentrent le plus de résidences universitaires en Île-de-France avec une vocation affichée d’accueillir les étudiants et chercheurs du monde entier, et ce depuis 1925. Elle leur offre un ensemble de services centralisés et un cadre privilégié mais se considère avant tout comme un creuset pour la rencontre des cultures et la diffusion de la culture française parmi les élites intellectuelles internationales. Au-delà des intentions, nous avons cherché, par la rencontre de ses dirigeants et des résidents, à saisir d’une part, la réalité actuelle des échanges culturels promus par une politique du « brassage » et d’autre part, la dynamique de « l’espace vécu » des résidents.The Cité Internationale of Paris is the place where concentrate most university halls of residence in the French capital with a displayed vocation to welcome the students and the researchers of the whole world since 1925. It offers to them a set of centralized services and a privileged living environment but considers itself above all as a melting pot for the meeting of cultures and the spreading of French culture among international intellectual elites. Beyond intentions, we tried, by the meeting of managements and residents, to grasp the current reality of cultural exchanges thanks to the policy of the "mixing" and the dynamic of "the space lived" on residents.

  19. Removal of endocrine disruptors PAEs in drinking water by gamma-ray irradiation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zhao Yongfu; Zheng Zheng; Zheng Binguo; Wang Changbao; Li Lili

    2012-01-01

    Phthalic acid esters (PAEs) belong to environmental endocrine disruptor. The dimethyl phthalate (DMP), diethyl phthalate (DEP) and di-n-butyl phthalate (DBP) were selected for the radiation study. The removal efficiencies of DMP, DEP and DBP in drinking water by gamma-ray irradiation are discussed. The results show that these PAEs could be efficiently removed by gamma-ray irradiation. The removal efficiencies of DMP, DEP and DBP (12 mg/L) in aqueous solutions by 0.8 kGy gamma-ray treatment were 96.6%, 94.5% and 86.2%. The absorbed dose needed for the removal of total carbon in aqueous solutions was much larger than the doses for PAEs degradation. When 2 kGy was selected, the removal efficiencies of TC for DMP, DEP and DBP were only 23.6%, 14.3% and 12.9%. The study results also show that the radiation degradation reaction of PAEs should be divided into two stages: low dose addition reaction and high dose ring-opening reaction. This study is of significance in the disposal of micro-polluted drinking water. (authors)

  20. Current status and historical variations of phthalate ester (PAE) contamination in the sediments from a large Chinese lake (Lake Chaohu).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kang, Lei; Wang, Qing-Mei; He, Qi-Shuang; He, Wei; Liu, Wen-Xiu; Kong, Xiang-Zhen; Yang, Bin; Yang, Chen; Jiang, Yu-Jiao; Xu, Fu-Liu

    2016-06-01

    The residual levels of phthalate esters (PAEs) in the surface and two core sediments from Lake Chaohu were measured with a gas chromatograph-mass spectrometer (GC-MS). The temporal-spatial distributions, compositions of PAEs, and their effecting factors were investigated. The results indicated that di-n-butyl phthalate (DnBP), diisobutyl phthalate (DIBP), and di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) were three dominant PAE components in both the surface and core sediments. The residual level of total detected PAEs (∑PAEs) in the surface sediments (2.146 ± 2.255 μg/g dw) was lower than that in the western core sediments (10.615 ± 9.733 μg/g) and in the eastern core sediments (5.109 ± 4.741 μg/g). The average content of ∑PAEs in the surface sediments from the inflow rivers (4.128 ± 1.738 μg/g dw) was an order of magnitude higher than those from the lake (0.323 ± 0.093 μg/g dw), and there were similar PAE compositions between the lake and inflow rivers. This finding means that there were important effects of PAE input from the inflow rivers on the compositions and distributions of PAEs in the surface sediments. An increasing trend was found for the residual levels of ΣPAEs, DnBP, and DIBP from the bottom to the surface in both the western and eastern core sediments. Increasing PAE usage with the population growth, urbanization, and industrial and agricultural development in Lake Chaohu watershed would result in the increasing production of PAEs and their resulting presence in the sediments. The significant positive relationships were also found between the PAE contents and the percentage of sand particles, as well as TOC contents in the sediment cores.

  1. Colloquium spectroscopicum internationale XXIV: From big bang to unsolved problems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Schrader, B.

    1985-01-01

    Brief report on the Colloquium Spectroscopicum Internationale 1985, held in Garmisch-Partenkirchen (FRG). The opening lecture, ''From Big Bang to Black Holes'', unfolded the current knowledge of the universe, whereas two thirds of the following 61 plenary lectures dealt with problems of atomic spectroscopy and the remaining papers with molecular spectroscopy. In 40 poster sessions 350 posters were briefly discussed, and the conference was accompanied by an exhibition of latest spectrometric equipment. Experimental methods were the centre of discussions of atomic spectroscopy experts, whereas in the field of moclecular spectroscopy issues such as standards for digitised spectra, databases and information exchange via data networks met with great interest. (RB) [de

  2. Drivhusgasser - kilder, opgørelsesmetoder og internationale forpligtelser

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Ole-Kenneth; Thomsen, Marianne; Lyck, Erik

    Denne bog giver historien om drivhusgasser en hidtil udset dybde. Klimaændringerne har åbnet verdens øjne for disse gassers store betydning, og mange lande har forpligtet sig til at nedsætte udledningen af dem. Det kræver imidlertid, at man ved, hvor gasserne kommer fra, kan følge udledningernes......, hvor store udledningerne er i dag, var i fortiden og må forventes at blive i fremtiden.- Et klart overblik over de mange nationale og internationale institutioner og organisationer, der er med til at regulere drivhusgasudledningerne herhjemme og globalt.- Et godt grundlag, hvis man vil forstå den...

  3. PAEs occurrence and sources in road dust and soil in/around parks in May in Tianjin, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Jie; Ji, Yaqin; Zhu, Zhenyu; Zhang, Wei; Zhang, Lei; Zhao, Jingbo

    2018-01-01

    This is the first study reporting the presence of six phthalic acid esters (PAEs) in 45 composite soil and road dust samples collected in the urban zone of Tianjin, China. Three sample types (one soil and two road dust) were collected from the city parks. Soil samples (SI) were obtained from inside the park, road dust samples (RDI) were gathered from inside the park roads and the others (RDA) from roads surrounding parks. The range of concentrations of ∑ 6 PAEs in SI, RDI and RDA were 0.07-0.92μgg -1 , 0.42-6.32μgg -1 and 0.40-7.54μgg -1 , respectively. The highest SI ∑ 6 PAEs concentration (0.92μgg -1 in The People's Park) was 13 times higher than that of the lowest content (0.07μgg -1 in XiLiu Park). Furthermore, the spatial distribution of PAEs in RDI showed higher contents in the Nankai and Hexi districts. PAEs concentrations in different types of roads displayed significant differences (P roads such as arterial road > sub-arterial road > branch road. The results of nonparametric tests on ∑ 6 PAEs revealed significant differences between every two different sample types (P < 0.05). The analysis of the six PAEs types indicated DnBP and DEHP were the primary contaminating compounds in all sample types. The PCA results showed cosmetics and personal care products were important sources of PAEs in SI, and plasticizers were the key sources of PAEs in RDI and RDA. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  4. Convention internationale sur l’utilisation pacifique du cyberespace

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edward M. Roche

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Les armes cybernétiques sont à présent une extension du pouvoir de l’Etat. Dans l’espoir de gagner un avantage stratégique, un certain nombre de pays, dont les Etats-Unis, la Russie et la Chine sont en train de développer des cyber-capacités offensives afin de perturber les institutions politiques, économiques, et sociales de nations concurrentes. Ces activités ont conduit à une course aux armes cybernétiques qui se développe de manière incontrôlable. L’imminence de cette menace globale incite la communauté internationale à la pro-activité. L’objectif de cet article est de proposer une convention internationale afin de mettre un terme au développement, à la prolifération, et à l’utilisation d’armes cybernétiques avant qu’elles ne causent un Armageddon électronique. Nous commencerons d’abord par l’examen de trois efforts successifs de contrôle des armements, puis en utiliserons les leçons retenues pour rédiger une convention pouvant servir de point de départ à des négociations multilatérales.

  5. Matemaatika mänguline õppimine hoiab rutiini eemal : Kohtla-Järve Slaavi Põhikool, Tallinna Pae Gümnaasium

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2015-01-01

    Vestlusest Kohtla-Järve Slaavi Põhikooli matemaatikaõpetaja ja keelekümblusvaldkonna õppealajuhataja Jelena Bezvoditskaja ja Tallinna Pae Gümnaasiumi matemaatikaõpetaja ning algklasside keelekümblusprogrammi juhi Roza Skatškovaga

  6. The application of welat latino for creating paes in solo wedding bride

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ihsani, Ade Novi Nurul; Krisnawati, Maria; Prasetyaningtyas, Wulansari; Anggraeni, Puput; Bela, Herlina Tria; Zunaedah, Putri Wahyu

    2018-03-01

    The purposes of this research were: 1) to find out the process of creating innovative welat, 2) to find out how to use innovative welat for Solo wedding bride paes creation. The method used in the research was research and development (R & D). Sampling technique in this research was purposive sampling by using 13 people as models. The data collection technique used observation and documentation. Data analysis technique used descriptive technique. The results of the study showed that 1) there were two times design change of the validity of welat creation, each product passed through several stages of designing, forming, determining the material and printing, 3) the first way of using the welat determined the distance dot between the cengkorongan of both forms by using welat according to the existed mold. In conclusion, Innovative welat can produce paes in accordance with the standard and shorten the process.

  7. Prostatic Tissue Elimination After Prostatic Artery Embolization (PAE): A Report of Three Cases

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Leite, Leandro Cardarelli; Assis, Andre Moreira de; Moreira, Airton Mota [University of Sao Paulo, Department of Radiology (Brazil); Harward, Sardis Honoria [The Dartmouth Institute for Health Policy and Clinical Practice (United States); Antunes, Alberto Azoubel [University of Sao Paulo, Discipline of Urology (Brazil); Carnevale, Francisco Cesar, E-mail: francisco.carnevale@criep.com.br [University of Sao Paulo, Department of Radiology (Brazil)

    2017-06-15

    PurposeWe report three cases of spontaneous prostatic tissue elimination through the urethra while voiding following technically successful prostatic artery embolization (PAE) as a treatment for lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) related to benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH).MethodsAll patients were embolized with 100- to 300-μm microspheres alone or in combination with 300- to 500-μm microspheres.ResultsDuring follow-up prior to eliminating the tissue fragments, the three patients all presented with intermittent periods of LUTS improvement and aggravation. After expelling the prostatic tissue between 1 and 5 months of follow-up, significant improvements in LUTS and urodynamic parameters were observed in all patients.ConclusionsUrethral obstruction after PAE caused by sloughing prostate tissue is a potential complication of the procedure and should be considered in patients with recurrent LUTS in order to avoid inappropriate management.

  8. Occurrence and risk assessment of phthalate esters (PAEs) in agricultural soils of the Sanjiang Plain, northeast China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, He; Liang, Hong; Gao, Da-Wen

    2017-08-01

    This study looks at the pollution status of six priority control phthalate esters (PAEs) under different cultivation of agricultural soils in the Sanjiang Plain, northeast China. Results show the total concentration of PAEs ranged from 162.9 to 946.9 μg kg -1 with an average value of 369.5 μg kg -1 . PAE concentrations in three types of cultivated soils exhibited decreasing order paddy field (532.1 ± 198.1 μg kg -1 ) > vegetable field (308.2 ± 87.5 μg kg -1 ) > bean field (268.2 ± 48.3 μg kg -1 ). Di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) and di-n-butyl phthalate (DnBP) were the most abundant PAEs congeners. Compared with previous studies, agricultural soils in the Sanjiang Plain showed relatively low contamination levels. Anthropogenic activities such as cultivation practices and industrial emissions were associated with the distribution pattern of PAEs. Furthermore, human health risks of PAEs were estimated and the non-cancer risk shown negligible but carcinogenic risk of DEHP exceeded the threshold limits value. PAE contaminants originated from cultivation practices and intense anthropogenic activities result in placing the agricultural soils under a potential risk to human health and also to ecosystems in the Sanjiang Plain. Therefore, the contamination status of PAEs in agricultural soil and potential impacts on human health should attract considerable attention.

  9. 2011 : Année internationale de la chimie

    OpenAIRE

    2011-01-01

    Lors de la 63e assemblée générale des Nations Unies, 2011 a été proclamée année internationale de la chimie. En France, les acteurs de la chimie sont mobilisés pour promouvoir quatre objectifs : mettre l’accent sur l’importance de la chimie pour un développement durable dans tous les aspects de la vie sur la planète ; accroître chez les jeunes l’intérêt pour la chimie ; susciter l’enthousiasme pour une chimie tournée vers l’avenir ; célébrer les travaux de Marie Curie et la contribution des f...

  10. Spatio-temporal distributions and the ecological and health risks of phthalate esters (PAEs) in the surface water of a large, shallow Chinese lake

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    He, Wei; Qin, Ning; Kong, Xiangzhen; Liu, Wenxiu; He, Qishuang; Ouyang, Huiling; Yang, Chen; Jiang, Yujiao; Wang, Qingmei; Yang, Bin; Xu, Fuliu, E-mail: xufl@urban.pku.edu.cn

    2013-09-01

    The spatio-temporal distributions and the ecological and health risks of PAEs in surface water of Lake Chaohu, the fifth largest lake in China, were studied based on the monthly monitoring of six PAE congeners from May 2010 to April 2011. The annual total concentration of the six PAE congeners (Σ{sub 6}PAE) in the surface water ranged from 0.467 to 17.953 μg L{sup −1}, with the average value of 4.042 ± 3.929 μg L{sup −1}. The di-n-butyl phthalate (DnBP) that dominated the Σ{sub 6}PAE at 65.8% was found at its highest and lowest levels in the western lake (TX) and eastern drinking water source area (JC), respectively. The temporal distributions of Σ{sub 6}PAE showed that the highest and lowest levels were observed in September 2010 and June 2010, respectively. The different relationships between the runoff and the PAEs with low and high levels of carbon might suggest their different sources. The DnBP had much greater ecological risks than the other studied PAE congeners as indicated by its potential affected fractions (PAFs) and the margin of safety (MOS10). The PAE congeners studied posed little health risk to the nearby male and female citizens. - Highlights: • Monthly variation in PAEs was first investigated in a large Chinese shallow lake. • Ecological and health risks with uncertainty were determined. • PAEs with low and high level of carbon would be from different sources. • DnBP predominated within PAE congeners and posed a much greater ecological risks. • The studied PAE congeners posed little health risks to the nearby citizens.

  11. Een Digitale bibliotheek van dateringen: de internationale doorwerking van een Nederlands initiatief

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jansma, E.; Lanen, R.J. van

    De Rijksdienst voor het Cultureel Erfgoed en Data Archiving and Networked Services (DANS) hebben met NWO-gelden een internationale digitale bibliotheek ontwikkeld voor ouderdomsbepalingen met behulp van houtonderzoek. Alle in Nederland ontwikkelde jaarringarchieven over het cultureel erfgoed

  12. pH-sensitive micelles self-assembled from polymer brush (PAE-g-cholesterol-b-PEG-b-(PAE-g-cholesterol for anticancer drug delivery and controlled release

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Huang X

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Xiangxuan Huang,1 Wenbo Liao,1 Gang Zhang,1 Shimin Kang,1 Can Yang Zhang2 1School of Chemical Engineering and Energy Technology, Dongguan University of Technology, Dongguan, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Pharmacy, Washington State University, Spokane, WA, USA Abstract: A novel amphiphilic pH-sensitive triblock polymer brush (poly(β-amino esters-g-cholesterol-b-poly(ethylene glycol-b-(poly(β-amino esters-g-cholesterol ((PAE-g-Chol-b-PEG-b-(PAE-g-Chol was designed and synthesized successfully through a three-step reaction, and their self-assembled polymeric micelles were used as hydrophobic anticancer drug delivery carriers to realize effectively controlled release. The critical micelle concentrations were 6.8 µg/mL, 12.6 µg/mL, 17.4 µg/mL, and 26.6 µg/mL at pH values of 7.4, 6.5, 6.0, and 5.0, respectively. The trend of critical micelle concentrations indicated that the polymer had high stability that could prolong the circulation time in the body. The hydrodynamic diameter and zeta potential of the polymeric micelles were influenced significantly by the pH values. As pH decreased from 7.4 to 5.0, the particle size and zeta potential increased from 205.4 nm to 285.7 nm and from +12.7 mV to +47.0 mV, respectively. The pKb of the polymer was confirmed to be approximately 6.5 by the acid–base titration method. The results showed that the polymer had sharp pH-sensitivity because of the protonation of the amino groups, resulting in transformation of the PAE segment from hydrophobic to hydrophilic. Doxorubicin-loaded polymeric micelles were prepared with a high loading content (20% and entrapment efficiency (60% using the dialysis method. The in vitro results demonstrated that drug release rate and cumulative release were obviously dependent on pH values. Furthermore, the drug release mechanism was also controlled by the pH values. The polymer had barely any cytotoxicity, whereas the

  13. Factors Predicting a Good Symptomatic Outcome After Prostate Artery Embolisation (PAE).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maclean, D; Harris, M; Drake, T; Maher, B; Modi, S; Dyer, J; Somani, B; Hacking, N; Bryant, T

    2018-02-26

    As prostate artery embolisation (PAE) becomes an established treatment for benign prostatic obstruction, factors predicting good symptomatic outcome remain unclear. Pre-embolisation prostate size as a predictor is controversial with a handful of papers coming to conflicting conclusions. We aimed to investigate if an association existed in our patient cohort between prostate size and clinical benefit, in addition to evaluating percentage volume reduction as a predictor of symptomatic outcome following PAE. Prospective follow-up of 86 PAE patients at a single institution between June 2012 and January 2016 was conducted (mean age 64.9 years, range 54-80 years). Multiple linear regression analysis was performed to assess strength of association between clinical improvement (change in IPSS) and other variables, of any statistical correlation, through Pearson's bivariate analysis. No major procedural complications were identified and clinical success was achieved in 72.1% (n = 62) at 12 months. Initial prostate size and percentage reduction were found to have a significant association with clinical improvement. Multiple linear regression analysis (r 2  = 0.48) demonstrated that percentage volume reduction at 3 months (r = 0.68, p < 0.001) had the strongest correlation with good symptomatic improvement at 12 months after adjusting for confounding factors. Both the initial prostate size and percentage volume reduction at 3 months predict good symptomatic outcome at 12 months. These findings therefore aid patient selection and counselling to achieve optimal outcomes for men undergoing prostate artery embolisation.

  14. Ozone and atmospheric pollution at synoptic scale: the monitoring network Paes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gheusi, F.; Chevalier, A.; Delmas, R.; Athier, G.; Bouchou, P.; Cousin, J.M.; Meyerfeld, Y.; Laj, P.; Sellegri, K.; Ancellet, G.

    2007-01-01

    Ozone as an environmental concern extends beyond the questions usually covered by media - stratospheric ozone depletion and urban pollution peaks. Strong expositions to this pollutant are frequent even far from pollution sources, and the background tropospheric content of ozone has been growing fivefold over the last century. In response to this concern at the French national scale, formerly independent monitoring stations have been coordinated since 2004 in a structured network: Paes (French acronym for atmospheric pollution at synoptic scale). The data are put in free access online. (authors)

  15. Association of PAEs with Precocious Puberty in Children: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yi Wen

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Background: Precocious puberty (PP currently affects 1 in 5000 children and is 10 times more common in girls. Existing studies have tried to detect an association between phathalic acid esters (PAEs and PP, but the results did not reach a consensus. Objective: To estimate the association between PAEs and children with PP based on current evidence. Methods: Databases including PubMed (1978 to March 2015, OVID (1946 to March 2015, Web of Science (1970 to March 2015, EBSCO (1976 to March 2015, CNKI (1979 to March 2015, WANFANG DATA (1987 to March 2015, CBM (1978 to March 2015 and CQVIP (1989 to March 2015 were searched to identify all case-control studies that determined the exposure and concentration of PAEs and their metabolites in children with PP. Meta-analysis of the pooled standard mean difference (SMD and odds ratio (OR with 95% confidence intervals (CI were calculated. Results: A total of 14 studies involving 2223 subjects were finally included. The pooled estimates showed that PP was associated with di-(2-ethylhexyl-phthalate (DEHP exposure (OR: 3.90, 95% CI: 2.77 to 5.49. Besides, the concentration of DEHP (SMD: 1.73, 95% CI: 0.54 to 2.91 and di-n-butyl phthalate (DBP (SMD: 4.31, 95% CI: 2.67 to 5.95 in the PP group were significantly higher than those in the control group, respectively, while no difference was detected between case and control groups in either serum or urinary concentration of mono-(2-ethylhexyl-phthalate (MEHP, monobutyl phthalate (MBP, mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl phthalate(MEOHP, mono-(2-ethyl-5-carboxypentyl phthalate (MECPP, monomethyl phthalate (MMP, monobenzyl phthalate (MBzP or monoethyl phthalate (MEP. Conclusions: Exposure of DEHP and DBP might be associated with PP risk for girls, however, there is no evidence to show an association between the exposure to most PAE metabolites and PP. Given the moderate strength of the results, well-designed cohort studies with large sample size should be performed in future.

  16. Dansk landbrugs internationale rammevilkår i 200 år

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kærgård, Niels; Zobbe, Henrik

    2014-01-01

    De internationale markeder blev åbnet i løbet af første halvdel af 1800-tallet. I 1870’erne fik man desuden i de fleste lande guldfodssystem og dermed faste valutakurser. Samtidigt faldt transportomkostningerne med udbredelsen af jernbaner og dampskibe. Perioden fra 1870’erne til 1914 blev derfor...

  17. Herstel van de trans-Atlantische vertrouwensbreuk? : Internationale betrekkingen na de Snowden-onthullingen

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Graaff, B.G.J.

    2014-01-01

    In de vorige editie van Atlantisch Perspectief plaatste Constant Hijzen de Snowden-onthullingen in een historisch perspectief. Onderstaand artikel gaat in op de gevolgen van de NSA-affaire voor de internationale verhoudingen. Hoe kunnen de elkaar bespionerende bevriende landen het onderlinge

  18. Spatial and temporal variation of phthalic acid esters (PAEs) in atmospheric PM10 and PM2.5 and the influence of ambient temperature in Tianjin, China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kong, Shaofei; Ji, Yaqin; Liu, Lingling; Chen, Li; Zhao, Xueyan; Wang, Jiajun; Bai, Zhipeng; Sun, Zengrong

    2013-08-01

    Phthalic acid esters (PAEs) are produced in large amounts throughout the world and are excessively used in various industries, which have posed a serious threat to human health and the environment. An investigation of six major PAEs congeners in atmospheric PM10 and PM2.5 was synchronously conducted at seven sites belonging to different functional zones in spring, summer and winter in Tianjin, China in 2010. Results showed that the average concentrations of DMP, DEP, DBP, BBP, DEHP and DOP in PM10 were 0.88, 0.73, 12.90, 0.15, 98.29 and 0.83 ng m-3, respectively, and in PM2.5, they were 0.54, 0.30, 8.72, 0.08, 75.68 and 0.33 ng m-3, respectively. DEHP and DBP were the predominant species. The industrial site exhibited highest PAEs values as 135.9 ± 202.8 ng m-3. In winter, the detected percentages for DOP were low. The other five PAEs concentrations were higher in winter than those in spring and summer, which may be related to the influence of emission sources, meteorological parameters and the chemical-physical characteristic of themselves. Except for DOP, other PAEs were negatively correlated with ambient temperature and the relationships were the best fitted as exponential forms. Significant positive correlations were found for PAEs in PM2.5 and PM10, indicating common sources. The PM2.5/PM10 ratios (0.53-0.70) for the six PAEs concentrations suggested that they were preferentially concentrated in finer particles. Principal component analysis indicated the emission from cosmetics and personal care products, plasticizers and sewage and industrial wastewater may be important sources for PAEs in atmospheric particulate matter in Tianjin.

  19. Violation des droits de l'homme, internationale et globale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miklavčič-Predan Neva

    2009-01-01

    -ci tandis que les citoyens ordinaires ne peuvent pas les pratiquer impunément. Donc, l' idée et la mise en œuvre du système des organisations non-gouvernementales comporte un schisme, ce qui empêche leur bon fonctionnement, en limitant leurs activités à un niveau symbolique d' une action statique formelle en faveur des droits de l' homme, qui ne peut pas être mise en œuvre. Ce qui en résulte, c' est l' hypocrisie du nouveau système, qui, soi-disant, permet une action civile, mais en fait il la limité et l' empêche. Le rôle de la communauté internationale à soutenir les ON Gest également réalisé au niveau d' un soutien symbolique pour les projets bénignes qui ne s' attaquent pas aux vrais problèmes mais aux sujets qui ne changent rien du tout et maintiennent le statu quo. C' est comme cela que cela se passe en Slovénie. La Constitution de la République de Slovénie dans son préambule explique que l' indépendance de la Slovénie était nécessaire pour la protection des droits de l' homme, en s' appuyant sur 'le fait que dans la Yougoslavie étaient vraiment violés les droits humains, les droits nationaux et les droits des républiques et régions autonomes(... L' Assemblée de la République de Slovénie accepte la loi constitutionnelle de base de l' autonomie et de l' indépendance de la République de Slovénie'. Dans le troisième paragraphe de ce document 'la République de Slovénie garantit la protection des droits de l' homme et des libertés fondamentales de toutes les personnes sur le territoire de la République de Slovénie, indépendamment de leur nationalité, sans aucune discrimination, conformément à la Constitution de la République de Slovénie et les traités internationaux'. Tout ce qui dans ce texte au caractère déclaratif était l' obligation de la République de Slovénie dans la pratique est tout à fait autre chose - il suffit de prendre en compte que l' effacement de 83 560-130 000 non Slovènes du registre des r

  20. Prostatic Artery Embolization (PAE) for Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) with Haematuria in the Absence of an Upper Urinary Tract Pathology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tapping, Charles R; Macdonald, Andrew; Hadi, Mo; Mortensen, Chloe; Crew, Jeremy; Protheroe, Andrew; Little, Mark W; Boardman, Phil

    2018-03-26

    To assess the effectiveness of prostate artery embolization (PAE) in the control of haematuria and in patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and normal upper urinary tracts. Twelve consecutive patients with haematuria were included in the prospective study. All patients had prior imaging and cystoscopy to exclude other causes of haematuria. Patients prostate arteries were embolized with particles (200-500 μm), and they were followed up at 3, 12 and 18 months following the procedure. QOL questionnaires, IPSS, IIEF and clinical review were all employed to assess the success of the treatment. To allow useful comparison, patients were age- and prostate volume-matched and compared to patients treated with PAE for BPH without haematuria. All 12/12 cases were technically successful with bilateral PAE being performed. All cases of haematuria resolved by the 3-month follow-up (100%). There was one case of recurrence during the 12-month follow-up (overall clinical success at 18 months 92%). This was due to over anticoagulation and ceased once corrected. There was a reduction in lower urinary tract symptoms noted by improvements in QOL indices, IPSS and IIEF. There was continued success even if the patient was subsequently anticoagulated. There was no associated sexual dysfunction. There was more prostatic arterial branching and volume of embolic required to achieve stasis in BPH and haematuria than in BPH alone (p BPH allows a significant improvement in QOL.

  1. Occurrence and risk assessment of phthalate esters (PAEs) in vegetables and soils of suburban plastic film greenhouses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Jun; Chen, Gangcai; Christie, Peter; Zhang, Manyun; Luo, Yongming; Teng, Ying

    2015-08-01

    Phthalate esters (PAEs) are suspected of having adverse effects on human health and have been frequently detected in soils and vegetables. The present study investigated their occurrence and composition in plastic film greenhouse soil-vegetable systems and assessed their potential health risks to farmers exposed to these widespread pollutants. Six priority control phthalates, namely dimethyl phthalate (DMP), diethyl phthalate (DEP), di-n-butyl phthalate (DnBP), butyl benzyl phthalate (BBP), di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) and di-n-octyl phthalate (DnOP), were determined in 44 plastic film greenhouse vegetables and corresponding soils. Total PAEs ranged from 0.51 to 7.16mgkg(-1) in vegetables and 0.40 to 6.20mgkg(-1) in soils with average concentrations of 2.56 and 2.23mgkg(-1), respectively. DnBP, DEHP and DnOP contributed more than 90% of the total PAEs in both vegetables and soils but the proportions of DnBP and DnOP in vegetables were significantly (p3.00mgkg(-1) but were plastic film greenhouses. Health risks were mainly by exposure through vegetable consumption and soil ingestion. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  2. AMOR COM HUMOR: A RECRIAÇÃO DO EPITALÂMIO NA POESIA DE JOSÉ PAULO PAES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renan Pires Cornette

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available One of the characteristics of the poetry of José Paulo Paes is the recuperation of classical traditional forms adjusting the models of the past to his personal diction by using critical dislocation. This occurs with the epithalamium, a lyrical composition that was originally practiced by the Greeks in honor of newlyweds. Amongst the Romans it took on a pornographic character and was ratified traditionally by self-seeking flattery. This article proposes to analyze three epithalamiums written by the poet, seeking to show the traces of difference inserted by the poet in this classical lyric form.

  3. Transurethral Resection of the Prostate (TURP) Versus Original and PErFecTED Prostate Artery Embolization (PAE) Due to Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH): Preliminary Results of a Single Center, Prospective, Urodynamic-Controlled Analysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Carnevale, Francisco C., E-mail: fcarnevale@uol.com.br [University of Sao Paulo Medical School, Interventional Radiology Unit (Brazil); Iscaife, Alexandre, E-mail: iscaifeboni@yahoo.com.br; Yoshinaga, Eduardo M., E-mail: dumuracca@ig.com.br [University of Sao Paulo Medical School, Division of Urology (Brazil); Moreira, Airton Mota, E-mail: motamoreira@gmail.com [University of Sao Paulo Medical School, Interventional Radiology Unit (Brazil); Antunes, Alberto A., E-mail: antunesuro@uol.com.br; Srougi, Miguel, E-mail: srougi@uol.com.br [University of Sao Paulo Medical School, Division of Urology (Brazil)

    2016-01-15

    PurposeTo compare clinical and urodynamic results of transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) to original and PErFecTED prostate artery embolization (PAE) methods for benign prostatic hyperplasia.MethodsWe prospectively randomized 30 patients to receive TURP or original PAE (oPAE) and compared them to a cohort of patients treated by PErFecTED PAE, with a minimum of 1-year follow-up. Patients were assessed for urodynamic parameters, prostate volume, international prostate symptom score (IPSS), and quality of life (QoL).ResultsAll groups were comparable for all pre-treatment parameters except bladder contractility and peak urine flow rate (Q{sub max}), both of which were significantly better in the TURP group, and IIEF score, which was significantly higher among PErFecTED PAE patients than TURP patients. All groups experienced significant improvement in IPSS, QoL, prostate volume, and Q{sub max}. TURP and PErFecTED PAE both resulted in significantly lower IPSS than oPAE but were not significantly different from one another. TURP resulted in significantly higher Q{sub max} and significantly smaller prostate volume than either original or PErFecTED PAE but required spinal anesthesia and hospitalization. Two patients in the oPAE group with hypocontractile bladders experienced recurrence of symptoms and were treated with TURP. In the TURP group, urinary incontinence occurred in 4/15 patients (26.7 %), rupture of the prostatic capsule in 1/15 (6.7 %), retrograde ejaculation in all patients (100 %), and one patient was readmitted for temporary bladder irrigation due to hematuria.ConclusionsTURP and PAE are both safe and effective treatments. TURP and PErFecTED PAE yield similar symptom improvement, but TURP is associated with both better urodynamic results and more adverse events.

  4. Mangfoldighedsledelse i internationale forretningsmiljøer - fem parametre for anvendelsen af kulturel mangfoldighed

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lauring, Jakob

    2003-01-01

    Mangfoldighedsledelse er per definition et bredt begreb. Man kan tale om mangfoldighed baseret på nationalitet, etnicitet, religion, alder, køn, seksuel orientering, handicap, uddannelse og meget mere. Som regel vil flere typer af mangfoldighed være til stede i en organisation. Denne mangfoldighed...... nationaliteter og etnisk oprindelse i virksomheder - hvad jeg kalder kulturel mangfoldighed. En type af mangfoldighed man ofte finder i internationale forretningsmiljøer, og som ofte er rekrutteret udelukkende ud fra et motiv om at skabe forretningsmæssige fordele. Som forudsætning for min analyse antager jeg...

  5. Aan de slag met een arbeidshandicap : internationale ervaringen : samenvatting van de resultaten van fase 1 van het internationale onderzoeksproject Job retention and return to work strategies for disabled workers

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vos, E.L. de; Wevers, C.W.J.

    1998-01-01

    Dit rapport bevat capita selecta van resultaten van de internationale studie naar strategieën die werkhervatting bevorderen van werknemers met een arbeidshandicap. Aan NIA TNO is gevraagd vooral aandacht te besteden aan resultaten die van belang zijn voor de reïntegratiepraktijk in Nederland. Aan de

  6. Internationale Betriebswirtschaft

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Die Europäisierung und Globalisierung der Wirtschaft bestimmen die heutige Geschäftspraxis. Die Verflechtungen mit Lieferanten, Partnern und Kunden sind aus diesem Grund längst nicht mehr nur national. Um den fachlichen und interkulturellen Herausforderungen gerecht zu werden, sind neben betriebs......Die Europäisierung und Globalisierung der Wirtschaft bestimmen die heutige Geschäftspraxis. Die Verflechtungen mit Lieferanten, Partnern und Kunden sind aus diesem Grund längst nicht mehr nur national. Um den fachlichen und interkulturellen Herausforderungen gerecht zu werden, sind neben...

  7. Internationale kommunikationseffekter ved fremsendelse af danske vidensregnskaber på engelsk til kunder i Storbritannien og Tyskland: Forskningsbaggrund og -design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skaates, Maria Anne

    2003-01-01

    Formålet med dette Working Paper er at fastlægge en metodologi for et kommende studium af de internationale kommunikationseffekter ved fremsendelse af danske vidensregnskaber på engelsk til kunder i Storbritannien og Tyskland. I det følgende afsnit vil der derfor blive redegjort generelt for, hvad...

  8. Internationale policies og nationale handleplaner for sundhedsfremme og uddannelse for bæredygtig udvikling i skolen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Katrine Dahl; Nordin, Lone Lindegard; Simovska, Venka

    Målet med denne dokumentanalyse er at klarlægge de internationale og nationale politiske rammer, der er sat for arbejdet med sundhedsfremme og bæredygtig udvikling i grundskolen i Danmark i dag. Hensigten er at undersøge, hvor begreberne kommer fra, hvad skolerne er forpligtede på, fællestræk og ...

  9. Eindrapportage Calendula-keten Project : een internationale keten-innovatie-opgave met technologische, economische en sociaal-culturele aspecten

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    PRI,

    2008-01-01

    Doel van dit project is het duurzaam organiseren van een innovatieve, internationale, agro-industriële keten voor hernieuwbare grondstoffen met Calendula als praktijkvoorbeeld. Daarnaast beoogt het project om in een samenwerking van technologische en gamma-georiënteerde kennisinstellingen te leren

  10. A 900 MHz, 21 dBm CMOS linear power amplifier with 35% PAE for RFID readers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Han Kefeng; Cao Shengguo; Tan Xi; Yan Na; Wang Junyu; Tang Zhangwen; Min Hao

    2010-01-01

    A two-stage differential linear power amplifier (PA) fabricated by 0.18 μm CMOS technology is presented. An output matching and harmonic termination network is exploited to enhance the output power, efficiency and harmonic performance. Measurements show that the designed PA reaches a saturated power of 21.1 dBm and the peak power added efficiency (PAE) is 35.4%, the power gain is 23.3 dB from a power supply of 1.8 V and the harmonics are well controlled. The total area with ESD protected PAD is 1.2 x 0.55 mm 2 . System measurements also show that this power amplifier meets the design specifications and can be applied for RFID reader. (semiconductor integrated circuits)

  11. A 900 MHz, 21 dBm CMOS linear power amplifier with 35% PAE for RFID readers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Han Kefeng; Cao Shengguo; Tan Xi; Yan Na; Wang Junyu; Tang Zhangwen; Min Hao, E-mail: tanxi@fudan.edu.cn [State Key Laboratory of ASIC and System, Fudan University, Shanghai 201203 (China)

    2010-12-15

    A two-stage differential linear power amplifier (PA) fabricated by 0.18 {mu}m CMOS technology is presented. An output matching and harmonic termination network is exploited to enhance the output power, efficiency and harmonic performance. Measurements show that the designed PA reaches a saturated power of 21.1 dBm and the peak power added efficiency (PAE) is 35.4%, the power gain is 23.3 dB from a power supply of 1.8 V and the harmonics are well controlled. The total area with ESD protected PAD is 1.2 x 0.55 mm{sup 2}. System measurements also show that this power amplifier meets the design specifications and can be applied for RFID reader. (semiconductor integrated circuits)

  12. The impact of prostate artery embolization (PAE) on the the physical history and pathophysiology of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stamatiou, Konstantinos

    2018-03-31

    Prostate artery embolization (PAE) is a non invasive modality for the treatment of benign prostate hypertrophy (BPH) related lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). As a relatively new procedure, data determining the clinical success is somehow scarce. In the present article we examine the current clinical outcome measures in order to identify the most accurate. Current imaging outcome measures are consistent with clinical ones only in the group of patients with adenomatous- dominant BPH while are inconsistent in patients with small sized adenomas. Additional studies and/or evaluation tools are needed in order to provide accurate evaluation of clinical success in the subgroup of patients with non- adenomatous-dominant BPH while they may inspire new options and novel techniques for both BPH treatment and treatment-follow up.

  13. Prostate Artery Embolization (PAE) in the Management of Refractory Hematuria of Prostatic Origin Secondary to Iatrogenic Urological Trauma: A Safe and Effective Technique.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kably, Isaam; Pereira, Keith; Chong, William; Bhatia, Shivank

    2016-02-01

    Incidence of refractory hematuria of prostatic origin (RHPO) is extremely rare, with an iatrogenic etiology even rarer. When conservative methods fail to control bleeding, more invasive surgical methods are needed. In this article we describe our experience with prostatic artery embolization (PAE) as a minimally invasive alternative treatment option in patients with RHPO secondary to iatrogenic urologic trauma. Three patients presented with RHPO. The etiologies were transurethral resection of prostate surgery, Foley catheter removal with a supratherapeutic international normalized ratio and self-traumatic Foley catheter removal respectively. Stepwise management with conservative and medical methods failed to control bleeding. Under local anesthesia and moderate sedation, bilateral PAE was performed via a right common femoral artery access and using cone beam computed tomography. An embolic mixture containing 300-500 um Embosphere® Microspheres (Biosphere Medical, Rockland, MA) was injected under fluoroscopic guidance until stasis was achieved. PAE using the described technique was a technical and clinical success in all three patients. Hematuria resolved within a period of 24 hours. There were no intra- or periprocedural complications. PAE offers a reasonable option in treatment of RHPO, regardless of the cause and may be attempted prior to surgical techniques or sometimes in conjunction. Being minimally invasive and performed under local anesthesia, PAE is especially useful when excessive bleeding prevents adequate visualization of a bleeding source during cystoscopy and in the elderly age group with several comorbidities. An added advantage is the prostatic parenchymal ischemia leading to significant prostate volume reduction and alleviation of the obstructive symptoms. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  14. The Human Health Assessment to Phthalate Acid Esters (PAEs and Potential Probability Prediction by Chromophoric Dissolved Organic Matter EEM-FRI Fluorescence in Erlong Lake

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meichen Ji

    2018-05-01

    Full Text Available Phthalate acid esters (PAEs are suspected to cause wide environmental pollution and have adverse effects on human health. Three priority control phthalates, namely dimethyl phthalate (DMP, diethyl phthalate (DEP, and dibutyl phthalate (DBP, were determined in 45 water samples from the largest drinking water source in Jilin Province. Chromophoric-dissolved organic matter (CDOM, which are composed of complex compounds and are a proxy for water quality, can be monitored using a fluorometer. This study attempted to understand the correlations of the CDOM fluorescence regional integration (FRI components with PAEs and CDOM characteristics under seasonal and spatial variations in the Erlong Lake. The characteristics of the CDOM absorption parameters in different water samples showed a higher aromatic content and molecular weight in October because of increased terrestrial inputs. The Σ3PAEs concentrations ranged from 0.231 mg L−1 to 0.435 mg L−1 in water, and DEP contributed to more than 90% of the Σ3PAEs. The FRI method identified five fluorescence components: one tyrosine-like (R1, one tryptophan-like (R2, one fulvic-like (R3, one microbial protein-like (R4, and one humic-like (R5 component. However, significant relationships exist between DEP and R3 (R2 = 0.78, p < 0.001, R4 (R2 = 0.77, p < 0.001, and R5 (R2 = 0.58, p < 0.001. Quantifying the relationship between CDOM and PAEs was highly significant, because the results will simplify the componential analysis of pollutants from a spatiotemporal perspective as compared to traditional chemical measurements. The human health risk assessment results revealed no human health risk (HQ < 1 in the Erlong Lake basin.

  15. Des stratégies de changement dans les organisations internationales : une analyse comparée du HCR et de l’OIT

    OpenAIRE

    Louis, Marieke; Maertens, Lucile

    2014-01-01

    Partant d’une comparaison inédite entre le Haut Commissariat des Nations Unies pour les réfugiés (HCR) et l’Organisation internationale du travail (OIT), cet article suggère de revisiter la problématique du changement dans les organisations internationales en montrant, dans une perspective de sociologie des relations internationales, l’existence d’un continuum de stratégies organisationnelles mises en place par ces dernières pour légitimer leur existence et leur action, stratégies allant de l...

  16. La Commission électrotechnique internationale (CEI) et le Comité français (CEF). Normes et recommandations, 1948-1988

    OpenAIRE

    Machefert-Tassin, Yves

    2015-01-01

    La Commission électrotechnique internationale (CEI-IEC) dont le siège est à Genève (Suisse) a, entre autres, pour but de promouvoir pour ses membres une coopération internationale afin de normaliser et de coordonner les règles et recommandations que doivent remplir les différents matériels faisant partie des domaines de l’électrotechnique, de l’électronique et des techniques connexes. Ces normes internationales vont de la terminologie et des symboles ou vocabulaire à l’évaluation, par essais,...

  17. Les sociabilités des étudiants marocains en mobilité internationale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sabrina Marchandise

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available A partir d’une enquête de terrain, l’article propose d’identifier les réseaux sociaux des étudiants marocains en mobilité internationale selon une approche par les sociabilités dans l’hypothèse d’une remise en question des réseaux traditionnels de la migration marocaine. Il s’agit en outre de faire le lien entre les réseaux et l’entretien des relations notamment par le web social. Une méthode d’analyse du web social permet ainsi de repositionner les réseaux identifiés et leurs implications spatiales et temporelles posant ainsi la question du rôle des nouvelles technologies dans les mobilités qualifiées.

  18. Radioecology, radioactivity and ecosystems: a short presentation of a publication of the Union Internationale de Radioecologie

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Stricht, E. van der; Kirchmann, R.

    2002-01-01

    This book is the outcome of a long-standing project of the International Union of Radioecology (registered name, UIR, Union Internationale de Radioecologie). The project was launched in 1992 by the late UIR President Stan Myttenaere, with the help of a number of dedicated members. Norman Pattenden was the editor and he did the fundamental initial work of setting up discussions with the contributors as well as taking the responsibility to write two sections. Sadly, he also didn't live to see the book published. Inevitable delays ensued. They have been beneficial for one thing. It allowed including recent advances. But, surely enough, the book retained most features of the initial endeavours and it is in this respect a testimony for the continuing evolution of thoughts in radioecology. It sees the light at the crucial time of the now outstanding re-evaluation of radioecology as such

  19. “I Want It All, and I Want It Now”: Lifetime Prevalence and Reasons for Using and Abstaining from Controlled Performance and Appearance Enhancing Substances (PAES among Young Exercisers and Amateur Athletes in Five European Countries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lambros Lazuras

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Doping use in recreational sports is an emerging issue that has received limited attention so far in the psychological literature. The present study assessed the lifetime prevalence of controlled performance and appearance enhancing substances (PAES, and used behavioral reasoning theory to identify the reasons for using and for avoiding using controlled PAES in young exercisers across five European countries, in the context of the “SAFE YOU” Project. Participants were 915 young amateur athletes and exercisers (M = 21.62; SD = 2.62 from Cyprus, Germany, Greece, Italy, and UK who completed an anonymous questionnaire that included measures of self-reported use of controlled PAES, as well as reasons for using and not using controlled PAES. The results of the descriptive analyses demonstrated that almost one out five exercisers in the sample had a previous experience with controlled PAES. Higher prevalence rates were found in Greece and Cyprus and lower in Italy. The most frequently reported reasons for using controlled PAES included achieving the desired results faster; pushing the self to the (physical limits; and recovering faster after exercise/training. Furthermore, the most frequently reported reasons for not using controlled PAES involved worry about any possible adverse health effects; not feeling the need for using them; and wanting to see what can be achieved naturally without using any controlled PAES. The findings of the present study indicate that the use of controlled PAES is fast becoming a crisis in amateur sports and exercise settings and highlight the need for preventive action and concerted anti-doping education efforts.

  20. Exploring the boundaries of individual and collective land use management: institutional arrangements in the PAE Chico Mendes (Acre, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    François-Michel Le Tourneau

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available The economic modernization of the Amazon fostered by the Brazilian military government during the 1960s and 1970s was largely realized without taking into consideration the presence of local households which lived from the extraction of forest products (mainly non-timber. When they began to be expulsed, a political resistance, often guided by the Catholic Church, appeared as well as the creation of unions based on traditional identities, especially that of rubber tappers. During the 1980s, these unions made a strategic alliance with the ecologist movement which started to consider traditional populations, whose lifestyle depended on the forest, as allies for the protection of the Amazon rainforest. The movement gained a decisive momentum at the end of the decade by putting forward new proposals of land tenure for traditional populations, grounded on collective land rights. This strategy has been very efficient during the 1990s and 2000s, during which about 1,300,000 km2 of rainforest were set apart and reserved for the use of “traditional communities” under a variety of legal status. But it has also led to mix under the same “collective” etiquette and principles a number of different ways of using and managing land and natural resources. This assumption however should be nuanced by a careful analysis of the resource management systems existing in each case, for they are in general complex and mix varying proportions of individual and collective decisions. The aim of this paper is to explore this question using the example of the Chico Mendes agroextractive settlement (PAE-CM, inhabited by about 100 rubber tapper families and symbolic of the political struggle of traditional populations in the Amazon for being the home of the rubber tapper leader Chico Mendes assassinated in 1988. Applying Ostrom “design principles”, we try to catch what are the local institutional arrangements and to see if they suggest

  1. Sketches from the Urban Internationale. Voluntary Societies, International Organizations and US Foundations at the City's Bedside 1900-1960

    OpenAIRE

    Saunier, Pierre-Yves

    1999-01-01

    International audience; The international milieu of town planning is an exciting web of people, books, exhibits, congresses or ideas. Its exploration is a tool to complete our national-oriented understandings of the ways in which the urban scene was conceived in the 20th century. This article sets its exploration in the wider context of the "Urban Internationale", this sphere dedicated to the declensions of "urban issues" such as town planning, housing and urban government. It is proposed tha...

  2. Sustainable energy. Progress report 2004. National and international strategy; Duurzame Daadkracht. Voortgangsrapportage 2004. Nationale en internationale strategie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2004-12-01

    In the title program it is described how the Netherlands will fulfil the agreements that were made at the Johannesburg summit on sustainable development. The program consists of an international and a national strategy. In this document an overview is given of the results so far. [Dutch] In deze voortgangsrapportage van Duurzame Daadkracht, het Actieprogramma duurzame ontwikkeling, wordt aangegeven hoe de stand van zaken is ten aanzien van de ambities en voorgenomen acties, die beschreven staan in zowel het nationale als het internationale deel van het actieprogramma. Duurzame Daadkracht is de Nederlandse uitwerking van de afspraken die op de World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD) in Johannesburg zijn gemaakt. De kern van het nationale deel is dat de Nederlandse overheid er naar streeft om zich bij al haar activiteiten (van beleidsontwikkeling tot bijvoorbeeld de eigen huisvesting) te richten op duurzame ontwikkeling. Dit is uitgewerkt aan de hand van te ontwikkelen instrumenten en ruim twintig beleidsprogramma's. Het internationale deel concentreert zich op de internationale inspanningen van de Nederlandse overheid op het gebied van de institutionele ontwikkeling, publiek-private partnerschappen als instrument, de prioritaire thema's water, energie, gezondheid, landbouw en biodiversiteit, op duurzame handel en investeringen.

  3. Variations sur la victime et la justice pénale internationale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julian Fernandez

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available La victime de graves violations du droit international humanitaire a longtemps été ignorée par une Justice pénale internationale naissante. Pourtant, nul doute que le bénéfice d’une justice éclairée serait un paramètre important dans le processus de « résilience » pour les victimes de l’horreur qui sont incapables d’affronter le quotidien post traumatique. Récemment, le régime de la Cour pénale internationale témoigne d’une prise en compte prometteuse, mais encore fragile des grands droits des victimes (représentation, protection, indemnisation.La víctima de graves violaciones del derecho internacional humanitario fue ignorada por las bases de la Justicia penal internacional naciente. Sin embargo, no cabe duda de que el beneficio de una justicia encendida sería un parámetro importante en el proceso de «resilience» para las víctimas del horror, que son incapaces de enfrentarse con una vida post traumática. Últimamente, el régimen de la Corte Penal Internacional está evolucionando hacia una toma en consideración cada vez más importante, pero aún frágil, de los grandes derechos de las víctimas (representación, protección, indemnización.For a long time, the victim of serious violations regarding humanitarian international law had been ignored by the new field of international criminal Justice. However, the benefit of an enlightened justice would be – no doubt – an important parameter in the process of “resilience” for the victims of the horror, who are unable to face a post traumatic everyday life. Recently, the core rights of the victims before international criminal justice (representation, protection, compensation has been taking into account by the international criminal Court, demonstrating a promising but still fragile evolution.

  4. A C-band 55% PAE high gain two-stage power amplifier based on AlGaN/GaN HEMT

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zheng Jia-Xin; Ma Xiao-Hua; Zhang Hong-He; Zhang Meng; Hao Yue; Lu Yang; Zhao Bo-Chao; Cao Meng-Yi

    2015-01-01

    A C-band high efficiency and high gain two-stage power amplifier based on AlGaN/GaN high electron mobility transistor (HEMT) is designed and measured in this paper. The input and output impedances for the optimum power-added efficiency (PAE) are determined at the fundamental and 2nd harmonic frequency (f 0 and 2f 0 ). The harmonic manipulation networks are designed both in the driver stage and the power stage which manipulate the second harmonic to a very low level within the operating frequency band. Then the inter-stage matching network and the output power combining network are calculated to achieve a low insertion loss. So the PAE and the power gain is greatly improved. In an operation frequency range of 5.4 GHz–5.8 GHz in CW mode, the amplifier delivers a maximum output power of 18.62 W, with a PAE of 55.15% and an associated power gain of 28.7 dB, which is an outstanding performance. (paper)

  5. Analysis of PAEs contaminants in water sources for agriculture, industrial and residential areas from local city district

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Qidan; Chen, Qixian; Wu, Fei; Liao, Jia; Zhao, Xi

    2018-02-01

    The technology of DEHP and DBP detection by high performance liquid chromatography coupled with ultraviolet detection (HPLC-UV) was developed and applied in analysis of local water sources from agriculture, industrial and residential areas. Under the optimized sample pretreatment and detection conditions, DEHP and DBP were well separated and detected in 4 mins. The detection limit of DBP was 0.002 mg/L and DEHP was 0.006 mg/L, and it meets the Chinese National Standard limitations for drinking water quality. The linear correlation coefficient of DBP and DEHP standard calibration curves was 0.9998 and 0.9995. The linear range of DBP was 0.020 mg/L ∼20.0 mg/L, with the standard deviation of 0.560% ∼5.07%, and the linear range of DEHP was 0.060 mg/L ∼15.0 mg/L, with the standard deviation of 0.546% ∼5.74%. Ten water samples from Jinwan district of Zhuhai in Guangdong province of China were analyzed. However, the PAEs amounts found in the water sources from industrial areas were higher than the agriculture and residential areas, industries grow incredibly fast in the district in recently years and more attention should be paid to the increasing risks of water sources pollution.

  6. Perspectives féministes en éthique des relations internationales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ryoa Chung

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Dans le cadre de cet article, je veux démontrer la nécessité de développer et d’incorporer les perspectives féministes dans le champ de l’éthique des relations internationales à travers l’examen des contributions respectives de J. A. Tickner, C. MacKinnon, S. Ruddick et M. Nussbaum. Mon hypothèse générale consiste à arguer que la force critique des perspectives féministes en théorie politique représente non seulement une ouverture épistémologique incontournable, mais que celles-ci ouvrent la voie à des méthodes d’investigation et de conceptualisation que l’on doit explorer en vue d’enrichir les théories de justice globale d’une portée pratique plus grande. This paper aims to demonstrate the necessity of developing and incorporating feminist perspectives in the field of international ethics, through the examination of important contributions of J. A. Tickner, C. MacKinnon, S. Ruddick and M. Nussbaum. My general hypothesis argues that the critical impact of feminist perspectives in political theory consists not only in the epistemological avenue that they open, but that their methods of investigation and of conceptualization must be thoroughly explored in order to enrich theories of global justice of a greater practical scope.

  7. Respuesta a Escalante (2011 "De cómo el análisis de parsimonia de endemismos (PAE tampoco explica la selección natural" A reply to Escalante (2011 "About how Parsimony Analysis of Endemicity does not explain natural selection either"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariano Donato

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Discutimos algunos tópicos que a nuestro entender son controvertidos del trabajo de Escalante (2011. Tanto la definición del PAE como las clasificaciones de los tipos de PAE propuestas por la autora, no reflejan exactamente la propuesta por los autores originales. La defensa que la autora hace a críticas que se han hecho del PAE, creemos que no está justificada. El argumento que utiliza para descalificar estas críticas se contradice con respecto a una de las clasificaciones que propone para el PAE. PAE como método histórico, tiene como objetivo el descubrimiento de relaciones entre áreas. De esta manera, consideramos que el hecho de tener los mismos objetivos que los métodos de la biogeografía cladística es lo que permite su comparación. El PAE considera las especies endémicas de algunas áreas (análogas a sinapomorfías en sistemática filogenética como indicadoras de una historia biótica compartida entre ellas, similar a la aplicación del supuesto 0. La presencia de tales especies en esas áreas también podría explicarse por eventos de dispersión recientes, o bien, porque se encuentran condiciones ecológicas favorables. La pregunta que se le hace al PAE es fundamental para la obtención de hipótesis coherentes, pero no necesariamente la respuesta correcta se obtiene con PAE.We discuss some topics which we believe are controversial on Escalante's work (2011. Both, the definition of PAE and the classification of the types of PAE proposed by the author do not accurately reflect the proposal by the original authors. The defense that the author makes is not justified. The argument used to dismiss these criticisms are inconsistent with the classification proposed for the PAE. PAE as historical method aims at discovering relationships between areas. Thus, we believe that having the same objectives as the methods of cladistic biogeography allow us the comparison. PAE considers the endemic species in shared areas as indicative of

  8. La quinzième conférence internationale sur le tournesol

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dymock Paul

    2000-05-01

    Full Text Available La 15e conférence internationale sur le tournesol a réuni, du 13 au 15 juin 2000, 400 participants venus de 33 pays au Centre des congrès Pierre-Baudis de Toulouse. Outre la France, les grands pays producteurs de tournesol étaient bien représentés : Argentine, Espagne, États-Unis, Roumanie, Italie... L’objectif de cette conférence était de faire le point sur cette production, depuis l’économie jusqu’aux biotechnologies et de permettre aux chercheurs de présenter leurs derniers travaux et de confronter et de discuter leurs résultats. L’Association française des corps gras (AFECG s’était associée à cette manifestation dans le cadre de sa Journée de printemps, en prenant en charge les sessions Économie et Technologie dont sont reproduites ci-jointes plusieurs conférences. Les séances plénières des deux journées suivantes ont été centrées sur les thèmes « Agronomie et Environnement » et « Génétique, Sélection et Biotechnologie ». Dix-sept ateliers ont été organisés à partir des présentations par posters. Ils ont donné l’occasion aux participants d’approfondir les réflexions autour de sujets tels que les technologies de transformation, les nouveaux usages, la conduite des cultures, l’amélioration de la productivité, la qualité de l’huile, la protection phytosanitaire sous ses aspects génétiques et chimiques, les biotechnologies appliquées à l’amélioration génétique. OCL publiera dans ses prochaines livraisons un compte rendu plus détaillé de cette conférence ainsi que plusieurs interventions pleinières*. * Les actes de la conférence sont disponibles. Contacter :

  9. Länderbericht: Die internationale Finanzkrise als Thema im dänischen Wirtschaft-/Politikunterricht

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nadine Malich

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Spätestens die internationale Finanzkrise hat verdeutlicht, dass Unterricht für Politik und Wirtschaft in der Schule auf Entwicklungen der fortschreitenden Globalisierung reagieren muss um Schüler möglichst optimal auf ihre Rolle als Bürger der Gesellschaft vorbereiten zu können. Dänemark ist ein kleines Land mit einer bewegten Geschichte, einer langen Tradition der Demokratie und einer ursprünglich sehr homogenen Bevölkerung. Hier nimmt politische Bildung einen besonderen Stellenwert ein, denn die dänische Bevölkerung muss sich vor dem Hintergrund der Globalisierung ganz neuen Herausforderungen stellen: unter anderem der Frage nach der zukünftigen Bedeutung des Nationalstaats und der Abhängigkeit von der internationalen Wirtschaft auch in Krisenzeiten. In diesem Aufsatz wird einführend das dänische Schulsystem und das Fach für wirtschaft-politische Bildung in Dänemark vorgestellt. Dann wird der Umgang mit dem Thema Finanzkrise im Unterricht aufgezeigt und abschließend die Frage nach notwendigen, zukünftigen Veränderungen des Lehrplans bzw. der allgemeinen Zielsetzung des Faches zu beantworten versuchtLately the international financial crisis has shown that lectures on political and economical education have to react to progressive globalisiation to prepare pupils as optimal as possible for their role as citizens in the global society. Denmark is a small country with a changing history, a long tradition of democracy and a very homogeneous population. Here, political education has special value, since the Danish population, viewed in the context of globalisation, has to respond to a new challenge; among others the question of future meaning of the national state and the dependence on the international economy also during times of crisis. In this article, the Danish schoolsystem and courses on political and economical education will be introduced. Then issues relating to the financial crisis in these courses will be highlighted

  10. Nuclear power and world energy needs: Looking ahead. Address at the 'Quatrieme Annuelle Conference Strategique', Institut de Relations Internationales et Strategiques, Paris, 5 May 1999

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    ElBaradei, M.

    1999-01-01

    In his address at the 'Quatrieme Annuelle Conference Strategique' (Institut de Relations Internationales Strategiques, Paris, 5 May 1999), the Director General of the IAEA presented the future role of the nuclear power from Agency's perspective, emphasizing the following aspects: nuclear power and the environment, nuclear safety and public confidence, economic competitiveness, and the importance of nuclear verification and prevention of illicit trafficking

  11. Les Fédérations sportives internationales. centres de décision et stratégies du pouvoir

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohamed BEN LARBI

    1989-06-01

    Full Text Available L'analyse de la répartition spatiale des sièges et des présidences de Fédérations sportives internationales met en évidence des stratégies politiques dans l'organisation mondiale des sports.

  12. At gøre en dyd af nødvendigheden. Hans Hedtoft og Danmarks internationale placering fra Norden til NATO

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Villaume, Poul

    2009-01-01

    Hans Hedtofts afgørende rolle for Danmarks internationale sikkerhedspolitiske stilling fra ikke-allieret brobyggerrolle over forsøget på deltagelse i et nordisk forsvarsforbund til medlemskab af Atlantpagten/NATO tematiseres. Hedtofts NATO-loyale, men samtidig på flere områder forbeholdne tilgang...

  13. Performance enhancement effects of Fédération Internationale de Football Association's "The 11+" injury prevention training program in youth futsal players

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Reis, Ivan; Rebelo, António; Krustrup, Peter

    2013-01-01

    OBJECTIVE:: To evaluate if Fédération Internationale de Football Association's "The 11+" injury prevention program improves physical fitness and technical performance in youth futsal players. DESIGN:: Randomized cohort study. SETTING:: Futsal club. PARTICIPANTS:: Thirty-six futsal players (17.3 ± 0...

  14. The international competitive position of the Dutch top sectors; De internationale concurrentiepositie van de topsectoren

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Raspe, O.; Weterings, A.; Thissen, M.

    2012-03-15

    . Op basis van empirische kennis en kwantitatieve analyses van de concurrentiepositie van de topsectoren binnen Europa laat het PBL zien dat juist ook kenmerken van het regionale vestigingsklimaat belangrijk zijn voor de internationale concurrentiekracht van de topsectoren. Uit een benchmark van 256 Europese regio's blijkt hoe de Nederlandse regio's scoren ten opzichte van hun belangrijkste concurrenten in Europa. Deze benchmark laat zien dat het opstellen van de investeringsagenda voor de Nederlandse topsectoren maatwerk is. Zo is het voor de topsector energie in Zuid-Holland van belang te investeren in een sterke private kennisbasis (onderzoek en ontwikkeling door bedrijven). Voor de topsector logistiek in Noord-Holland is juist een betere connectiviteit over de weg belangrijk. En voor de hightechbedrijven in Noord-Brabant is het gunstig het higtechcluster in die regio te versterken. Het PBL beveelt daarom een ruimtelijk-economische visie aan op de concurrentiekracht van de topsectoren. Een visie waarin het accent ligt op prioritaire gebieden, Noord- en Zuid-Holland en Noord-Brabant, en cruciale verbindingen - zoals Schiphol en de snelwegen 'Triple A', de A2, A4 en A12.

  15. Self-assembled micelles based on pH-sensitive PAE-g-MPEG-cholesterol block copolymer for anticancer drug delivery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhang CY

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Can Yang Zhang, Di Xiong, Yao Sun, Bin Zhao, Wen Jing Lin, Li Juan Zhang School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou, Guangdong Province, People’s Republic of China Abstract: A novel amphiphilic triblock pH-sensitive poly(ß-amino ester-g-poly(ethylene glycol methyl ether-cholesterol (PAE-g-MPEG-Chol was designed and synthesized via the Michael-type step polymerization and esterification condensation method. The synthesized copolymer was determined with proton nuclear magnetic resonance and gel permeation chromatography. The grafting percentages of MPEG and cholesterol were determined as 10.93% and 62.02%, calculated from the area of the characteristic peaks, respectively. The amphiphilic copolymer was confirmed to self-assemble into core/shell micelles in aqueous solution at low concentrations. The critical micelle concentrations were 6.92 and 15.14 mg/L at pH of 7.4 and 6.0, respectively, obviously influenced by the changes of pH values. The solubility of pH-responsive PAE segment could be transformed depending on the different values of pH because of protonation–deprotonation of the amino groups, resulting in pH sensitivity of the copolymer. The average particle size of micelles increased from 125 nm to 165 nm with the pH decreasing, and the zeta potential was also significantly changed. Doxorubicin (DOX was entrapped into the polymeric micelles with a high drug loading level. The in vitro DOX release from the micelles was distinctly enhanced with the pH decreasing from 7.4 to 6.0. Toxicity testing proved that the DOX-loaded micelles exhibited high cytotoxicity in HepG2 cells, whereas the copolymer showed low toxicity. The results demonstrated how pH-sensitive PAE-g-MPEG-Chol micelles were proved to be a potential vector in hydrophobic drug delivery for tumor therapy. Keywords: micelle, pH-sensitive, cholesterol, poly(ß-amino ester, drug delivery

  16. Compte-rendu de la 3e conférence internationale sur les glucosinolates « Glucosinolates and beyond »

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Quinsac Alain

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available La 3e conférence internationale sur les glucosinolates, intitulée « Glucosinolates and beyond », a rassemblé plus d’une centaine de participants à Wageningen aux Pays-Bas, du 12 au 15 Octobre 2014. Le programme a été organisé en quatre sessions couvrant la recherche fondamentale sur l’origine et la biosynthèse des glucosinolates au cours de l’évolution, et les applications concrètes en santé humaine et agriculture. Près de 90 communications orales et posters, portant sur les récents progrès et les questions émergentes pour les recherches futures ont été présentés.

  17. Imposition des fortunes et finance offshore durant les années 1920: Aux origines de la concurrence fiscale internationale

    OpenAIRE

    Farquet, Christophe

    2015-01-01

    En se fondant sur un large panel de sources inédites issues de différentes archives européennes, l’article analyse l’impact des fuites de capitaux, de la finance offshore et de l’évasion fiscale internationale sur les systèmes d’imposition dans les années suivant la Première Guerre mondiale. Après avoir fourni des données sur l’ampleur du contournement par les détenteurs de capitaux des nouvelles taxes introduites à la sortie du conflit, le papier montre que la pression structurelle exercée s...

  18. Les i-jumelages au service de la solidarité internationale et du développement local

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Florence Durand-Tornare

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available L’association « Villes internet » propose depuis plusieurs années aux collectivités françaises de mettre en action des i-jumelages. L’idée est simple : utiliser Internet comme vecteur pour la construction de ces nouvelles solidarités internationales entre acteurs locaux, collectivités locales et acteurs du tiers secteur non marchand. Il s’agit de mettre très concrètement en place via Internet de nouveaux modes de co-développement, basés sur des logiques de réciprocité, d’échanges de savoir et...

  19. Danske domstoles anvendelse af udenlandsk retspraksis, som i sager om mangler i internationale køb reguleret af CISG

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henschel, Rene Franz

    2006-01-01

    Danske domstole er blevet kritiseret for ikke at inddrage fremmed retspraksis og for ikke at redegøre for deres konklusioner i sager om internationale køb reguleret af CISG. På baggrund af en analyse af en nyere utrykt landsretsafgørelse påvises det, at denne kritik stadig er berettiget, idet en...... principiel tysk højesteretsafgørelse tilsyneladende er overset eller anvendt forkert. Det konkluderes, at retspraksis og teori med fordel kan inddrages i langt større omfang i danske sager om CISG, og at den danske begrundelsestradition skaber mere tvivl end klarhed. I modsat fald får dansk retspraksis om...... CISG næppe den store værdi i andre lande, idet der kan stilles spørgsmålstegn ved afgørelsernes grundlag og rigtighed....

  20. Estudio de situación y Plan de Mercadeo para la introducción de la Pastilla Anticonceptiva de Emergencia (PAE), en Costa Rica

    OpenAIRE

    Carvajal Rojas, Lucrecia

    2004-01-01

    Universidad de Costa Rica. Posgrado en Administración y Dirección de Empresas. Maestría Profesional en Administración y Dirección de Empresas con énfasis en Mercadeo y Ventas El objetivo general del trabajo es investigar la situación actual y los distintos públicos de la PAE en Costa Rica, para desarrollar un plan de mercadotecnia, que le garantice a la Asociación Demográfica Costarricense el éxito en la introducción, educación y divulgación de este método anticonceptivo de emerge...

  1. Recht und Gewalt im internationalen System. Von G. I. Tunkin. (Veröffentlichungen des Instituts für Internationales Recht an der Universität Kiel, Band 93) / Henn-Jüri Uibopuu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Uibopuu, Henn-Jüri, 1929-2012

    1989-01-01

    Raamatuarvustus: Tunkin, G. I. Recht und Gewalt im internationalen System. - Berlin : Duncker und Humblot, 1986. - (Veröffentlichungen des Instituts für Internationales Recht an der Universität Kiel ; 93). 213 lk.

  2. Enquête internationale sur l'état de l'art et l'état de la pratique en géotechnique

    Science.gov (United States)

    Acosta-Martinez, Hugo; Delage, Pierre; Nicks, Jennifer; Day, Peter

    2018-05-01

    Cet article présente une synthèse des résultats de l'enquête internationale sur l'état de l'art et l'état de la pratique en ingénierie géotechnique lancée par le Groupe présidentiel des entreprises associées et le Comité de supervision technique de la Société internationale de mécanique des sols et de géotechnique en mars 2017. Il résume également les discussions qui ont eu lieu sur le sujet durant le 19e CIMSG à Séoul, le 20 septembre 2017.

  3. Les effets sur la compétitivité internationale des réglementations relatives à la gestion des effluents d'élevage

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Mikael Skou

    2003-01-01

    différences sensibles de compétitivité de la production porcine et d’une concurrence internationale croissante sur le marché de la viande de porc explique que l’on se préoccupe de la charge financière imposée par les politiques de l’environnement aux éleveurs, notamment en ce qui concerne la gestion des...

  4. Customers and markets. International components for win-win relations; Kunden und Maerkte. Internationale Bausteine fuer Win-Win-Relationen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lamprecht, F.

    1998-09-01

    In deregulated energy markets, power supply companies change from commodity suppliers to service providers. The core of the process of change is a change in attitude, from producer to customer-oriented marketer; the means applied in the process are a diversified and integrated marketing strategy, targeting both external and internal conditions, which fits into a comprehensive concept of an integrated communications strategy. An international conference held in mid-June in Lisbon, organised by the associations Unipede and EURELECTRIC as well as the International Energy Agency (IEA), supplied a wealth of information on this topical issue spanning a broad range of interesting aspects, as eg. approaches to identify customer needs and correspondingly develop new services, or the quest for new business segments and possibilities of finding win-win relations for both customers and power producers. (orig./CB) [Deutsch] Auf liberalisierten Strommaerkten entwickeln sich die Energieversorger zu Dienstleistern. Kern des Wandels ist der Weg von der Produktions- zur Kundenorientierung, Mittel eine differenzierte und integrierte Marketingstrategie, die nach aussen wie nach innen gerichtet ist und in ein umfassendes Konzept einer integrierten Kommunikationsstrategie eingepasst ist. Eine von den Verbaenden Unipede und EURELECTRIC sowie der Internationalen Energie-Agentur (IEA) Mitte Juni in Lissabon ausgerichtete internationale Konferenz lieferte hierzu eine Fuelle an Material. Es wurde thematisch ein weiter Bogen gespannt. Von der Ermittlung unterschiedlicher Kundenbeduerfnisse ueber Methoden, sich danach auszurichten sowie speziell entwickelte Marketingstrategien, bis hin zu neuen Betaetigungsfeldern wurde nach Moeglichkeiten gesucht, Win-Win-Relationen fuer Kunden und EVU darzustellen. (orig.)

  5. Mener un projet international bibliothèques françaises et coopération internationale

    CERN Document Server

    Bats, Raphaëlle

    2011-01-01

    Internet, construction européenne, mondialisation : notre horizon ne s'arrête plus à nos frontières. Du jumelage à la coopération décentralisée, les municipalités demandent à leurs services de participer à des projets à dimension internationale. Processus de Bologne, formation tout au long de la vie, internationalisation des études, les universités font elles aussi appel à leurs services pour les accompagner dans ces évolutions. C'est dans ce contexte que s'inscrit ce volume, avec l'ambition de fournir à tous les professionnels des bibliothèques des clés de compréhension de ces nouveaux enjeux ainsi que des exemples concrets d'actions de coopération soutenus par des apports méthodologiques. Comment travailler et partager avec des partenaires étrangers ? Quelles sont les étapes fondamentales d'une coopération : de la convention à l'évaluation ? Qui sont nos relais en France et à l'étranger pour de tels projets ? C'est à travers ces questions que s'organise l'ouvrage, en proposant ...

  6. Des terres pour l’agro-industrie internationale ? Un dilemme pour la politique foncière malgache

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    André Teyssier

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Les manœuvres d’appropriation foncière à grande échelle tentées fin 2008 par les entreprises Daewoo Logistics et Varun International, largement relayées par les médias et dénoncées par diverses organisations, ont participé à la déstabilisation du gouvernement Ravalomanana. Les montages de ces deux grands projets agro-industriels ont suivi des trajectoires différentes, l’un choisissant de contrôler d’immenses superficies par bail emphytéotique, l’autre privilégiant des formes de contractualisation de la production, mais tous deux ont été abandonnés face à des mouvements de contestation basés sur l’inaliénabilité de la « terre des ancêtres ». Le rejet de ces projets d’envergure encore inédite et en partie tournés vers des cultures d’exportation est compréhensible tant les retombées économiques et sociales paraissaient incertaines. Madagascar ne saurait néanmoins se priver d’investissements dans le secteur agricole, mais des choix de développement, orientés par une meilleure connaissance des processus en cours, restent à opérer en toute transparence, afin de combiner développement de l’agro-business et promotion des exploitations familiales. Pour l’instant, ces incertitudes marquent une politique foncière qui, même rénovée, hésite entre la formalisation de droits sur le sol au profit du plus grand nombre grâce à une décentralisation de la gestion foncière et l’octroi de vastes espaces à des firmes internationales suivant des procédures accélérées.

  7. Impact of the 2010 FIFA (Federation Internationale de Football Association) World Cup on Pediatric Injury and Mortality in Cape Town, South Africa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zroback, Chris; Levin, David; Manlhiot, Cedric; Alexander, Angus; van As, Ab Sebastian; Azzie, Georges

    2014-02-01

    To examine how a mass-gathering event (the Federation Internationale de Football Association World Cup, 2010, South Africa) impacts trauma and mortality in the pediatric (≤ 18 years) population. We investigated pediatric emergency visits at Cape Town's 3 largest public trauma centers and 3 private hospital groups, as well as deaths investigated by the 3 city mortuaries. We compared the 31 days of World Cup with equivalent periods from 2007-2009, and with the 2 weeks before and after the event. We also looked at the World Cup period in isolation and compared days with and without games in Cape Town. There was significantly decreased pediatric trauma volume during the World Cup, approximately 2/100,000 (37%) fewer injuries per day, compared with 2009 and to both pre- and post-World Cup control periods (P emergency visits corresponding with local match start time, with fewer all-cause emergency visits during the 5 hours surrounding this time (-16.4%, P = .01), followed by a subsequent spike (+26.2%, P = .02). There was an increase in trauma 12 hours following matches (+15.6%, P = .06). In Cape Town, during the 2010 Federation Internationale de Football Association World Cup, there were fewer emergency department visits for traumatic injury. Furthermore, there were fewer all-cause pediatric emergency department visits during hometown matches. These results will assist in planning for future mass-gathering events. Copyright © 2014 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

  8. Aktionspläne, Deklarationen und andere Agenda-Setting-Dokumente internationaler Entwicklungsinterventionen: Ein Messinstrument zur Sicherstellung von Professionalität

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Lempert

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Dieser Artikel entwickelt ein einfach anwendbares Messinstrument um zu evaluieren, ob „Aktionspläne“, internationale Deklarationen, „Masterpläne“, „Länderpläne“, „Länderstrategien“, „Rechtsrahmen“ und andere Dokumente, die üblicherweise im Kontext internationaler „Hilfs“-Interventionen erstellt werden, professionelle Entwicklungsstandards für tatsächlich selbst-aktivierende, durchführbare Pläne in Übereinstimmung mit internationalem Recht und Zielen erfüllen. Die Nutzung des Messinstruments legt nahe, dass die meisten von „Entwicklungs“-Ländern unterstützten Pläne und internationalen Deklarationen von Geldgebern als Mittel zur Förderung eigener Ziele, PR und Fundraising-Strategien entwickelt werden, deren Pläne entweder wenig Aktivitäten oder Commitment aufweisen oder so gestaltet sind, dass sie zwar effektiv, aber nicht in Übereinstimmung mit internationalem Recht und Zielen sind und deren Prozesse deshalb anfälliger für Missbrauch sowie Korruption auf beiden Seiten sind. Das Messinstrument kann eingesetzt werden, um solche Missbräuche zu identifizieren und gegenzusteuern. Der Beitrag nutzt dafür die UN-Deklaration gegen Korruption und Bestechung in Internationalen Handelstransaktionen als eine Fallstudie.

  9. INOPS Fire internationale casestudier

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    This case report is a part of a series of case studies in the INOPS project which study experiences with different approaches to contracting out of park and road services in the four countries. The purpose of the case reports is to provide a series of reference cases for comparisons and developme...

  10. La franchise internationale

    OpenAIRE

    Gaouar, mohamed said

    2014-01-01

    Ce travail est composé des quatre chapitres : le premier sera consacré a la présentation de la franchise et d’expliqué ces principaux composants. Le deuxième chapitre montrera les théories économiques liés a la franchise .Le troisième chapitre nous donnera au aperçu du développement de la franchise dans différent pays et le dernier chapitre sera consacré a la franchise en Algérie.

  11. Conjunctuurpolitiek en Internationale Verhoudingen

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    J. Tinbergen (Jan)

    1937-01-01

    textabstractSome problems of business cycle policy are considered with the aid of a simplified model of dutch business life. This model is described by 21 equations, the meaning of which has been discussed elsewhere. In the present article special attention is given to the influence of a given

  12. Internationale honorservaringen ondersteunen democratie

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wolfensberger, Marca; Wolfensberger, Marca; Lammers, Marike

    Het belangrijkste doel van honoursonderwijs, zoals geformuleerd door de NCHC, is academische verrijking en excellentie, zodat honours studenten kunnen uitgroeien tot zelfstandige, creatieve en zelfverzekerde studenten.

  13. Biologische Internationale Handel

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bakker, J.H.; Bunte, F.H.J.

    2009-01-01

    Organic products are considered to have a major impact worldwide on sustainable development due to their contribution to a better environment and the improvement of animal welfare. On behalf of the Dutch Ministry of Agriculture, Nature and Food Quality, the market for organic products is being

  14. Inclusief Onderwijs op de grens van Europa en Azië: praktijk en perspectief : Verslag van de vijfde Internationale conferentie over Inclusief Onderwijs in Azerbeidzjan op 14 en 15 oktober 2011

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dr. Hans Schuman

    2011-01-01

    De vijfde Internationale conferentie over Inclusief Onderwijs werd gehouden in Azerbeidzjan op 14 en 15 oktober 2011. Dit verslag geeft een beeld van de conferentie en de informatie die daar werd gepresenteerd. Tevens wordt iets gezegd over actuele ontwikkelingen in Azerbeidzjan wat betreft de

  15. [Bewusstes Erinnern und bewusstes Vergessen : der juristische Umgang mit der Vergangenheit in den Ländern Mittel- und Osteuropas / hrsg. v. Angelika Nußberger, Caroline von Gall. (Jus Internationale et Europaeum ; 52). Mohr Siebeck, Tübingen 2011.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Luts-Sootak, Marju, 1966-

    2014-01-01

    Arvustus: Bewusstes Erinnern und bewusstes Vergessen : der juristische Umgang mit der Vergangenheit in den Ländern Mittel- und Osteuropas / hrsg. v. Angelika Nußberger, Caroline von Gall (Jus Internationale et Europaeum ; 52). Mohr Siebeck, Tübingen 2011. 400 S.

  16. Monitoring of PAEMs and beta-agonists in urine for a small group of experimental subjects and PAEs and beta-agonists in drinking water consumed by the same subjects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liou, Saou-Hsing; Yang, Gordon C C; Wang, Chih-Lung; Chiu, Yu-Han

    2014-07-30

    This 5-month study contains two parts: (1) to monitor the concentrations of 11 phthalate esters metabolites (PAEMs) and two beta-agonists in human urine samples collected from a small group of consented participants including 16 females and five males; and (2) to analyze the residues of phthalate esters (PAEs) and beta-agonists in various categories of drinking water consumed by the same group of subjects. Each category of human urine and drinking water had 183 samples of its own. The analytical results showed that nine PAEMs were detected in human urine and eight PAEs were detected in drinking water samples. It was found that average concentrations of PAEMs increased as the age increased, but no significant difference between sexes. Further, using the principal component analysis, the loadings of age effect were found to be two times greater than that of gender effect in terms of four DEHP metabolites. Regarding beta-agonists of concern (i.e., ractopamine and salbutamol), they were neither detected in human urine nor drinking water samples in this study. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  17. De l’embauche à la démission ou les écueils du travail associatif dans les associations locales de solidarité internationale

    OpenAIRE

    Gateau, Matthieu

    2010-01-01

    A partir d’une pré-enquête réalisée dans deux associations de solidarité internationale impliquée dans le commerce équitable et partant du constat que le turn-over des salariés y est important, nous avons cherché à comprendre pourquoi, après quelques mois, les nouvelles recrues décident de mettre prématurément un terme à leur activité. Nous nous sommes intéressé à la fois aux organisations, aux salariés mais aussi aux bénévoles présents dans ces collectifs afin d’appréhender l’ensemble des in...

  18. Seksuel dysfunktion i menopausen. Status over forekomst, farmakologiske behandlingsmuligheder og risici

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gregersen, Nina; Hilmand, Christina Bjerre; Jensen, Pernille Tine

    2006-01-01

    , and there is evidence suggesting that systemic hormone therapy, such as estrogen, estrogen/progesterone, estrogen/testosterone and tibolone, has a positive impact on sexual dysfunction in the menopause. There is evidence that local estrogen relieves vaginal dryness and dyspareunia. The recent discoveries of the side...... on female sexual dysfunction only in a limited group of women: those with arousal problems without desire problems. This result demands a focus on new pharmaceutical products, and at present the effect of testosterone and selective estrogen receptor modulators on female sexual dysfunction is being...

  19. Kardiovaskulære risici ved behandling med nonsteroide antiinflammatoriske lægemidler

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schmidt, Morten; Fosbøl, Emil Loldrup; Torp-Pedersen, Christian

    2016-01-01

    cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitors has been associated with a substantial vascular risk but increasing concern also relates to traditional NSAIDs, in particular diclofenac. This review summarizes the current evidence regarding the cardiovascular safety of NSAIDs and presents recommendations for their use....

  20. Inclusief Onderwijs op de grens van Europa en Azië: praktijk en perspectief: Verslag van de vijfde Internationale conferentie over Inclusief Onderwijs in Azerbeidzjan op 14 en 15 oktober 2011

    OpenAIRE

    Schuman, Hans

    2011-01-01

    De vijfde Internationale conferentie over Inclusief Onderwijs werd gehouden in Azerbeidzjan op 14 en 15 oktober 2011. Dit verslag geeft een beeld van de conferentie en de informatie die daar werd gepresenteerd. Tevens wordt iets gezegd over actuele ontwikkelingen in Azerbeidzjan wat betreft de ontwikkeling van een meer inclusief onderwijssysteem en het verbeteren van de maatschappelijke positie van kinderen, jongeren en volwassenen met een beperking.

  1. Le rôle du Conseil de Sécurité de l’Organisation des Nations unies dans les travaux de la Cour Pénale Internationale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Germana Aguiar Ribeiro do Nascimento

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Le Conseil de sécurité est un organe politique soucieux du maintien de la paix et de la sécurité internationales. La Cour pénale internationale, quant à elle, est un organe juridictionnel subsidiaire qui a pour vocation de juger les crimes de guerre, de génocide, d’agression et les crimes contre l’humanité. Ces deux organes ont comme dénominateur commun le maintien de la paix et de la sécurité internationales. Cette convergence de compétences a été consacrée par le Statut de Rome en octroyant au Conseil de sécurité la prérogative de saisir la Cour. L’intervention du Conseil de sécurité dans le fonctionnement de la Cour peut ainsi être bénéfique pour assurer les droits de l’Homme, néanmoins, elle peut représenter un frein à l’effectivité de l’exercice de la compétence de la Cour. Dans cette optique, il serait intéressant d’aborder l’aspect constructif du lien qui unit la Cour et le Conseil de sécurité, ainsi que l’obstacle qu’il peut représenter pour la réalisation de la paix et de la sécurité internationales. Pour cela, la méthodologie qualitative sera utilisée. La recherche documentaire, l’étude de la jurisprudence et de la législation permettront de regrouper les renseignements relatifs au sujet.

  2. Water disinfection in the mountains - state of the art recommendation paper of the Union Internationale des Associations d'Alpinisme Medical Commission.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Küpper, Thomas E A H; Schöffl, Volker; Milledge, Jim S

    2009-01-01

    This paper provides the official recommendation of the Union Internationale des Associations d'Alpinisme (UIAA) Medical Commission to manage the problem of safe drinking water. The recommendation was accepted and authorized for publication by the Medical Commission during their annual meeting at Treplice, Tzechia, 2008. Safe water is essential for mountaineers worldwide in order to balance challenges associated with high altitude dehydration. The paper summarizes the advantages and disadvantages of several procedures used to procure safe drinking water in the mountains or at high altitude. Limitations or critical details, which may cause failure of the methods are mentioned systematically. We differentiate between "conventional" methods, which should be preferred because they produce safe water and "improvisation". The latter does not produce safe water but may be used if conventional methods are not available for any reason. They decrease the concentration of pathogenic microorganisms and by this they reduce the risk of enteral infection. Water filtration using a ceramic filter system or chemical disinfection is recommended as a standard method. Boiling water should be avoided because it is too fuel consuming and has the potential to increase deforestation. Generally, with regard to infections by water or food, all mountaineers should be vaccinated against hepatitis A and poliomyelitis in regions where they may be at-risk.

  3. PANDA experiment and International Standard Problem for passive cooling systems for afterheat removal; PANDA-Versuch und Internationales Standardproblem zu passiven Kuehlsystemen fuer die Nachwaermeabfuhr

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yadigaroglu, G.; Aksan, N.S. [Paul Scherrer Inst. (PSI), Villigen (Switzerland). Lab. fuer Thermohydraulik

    1999-09-03

    In the context of OECD/NEA, Paul Scherrer Institut (PSI) is working on an International Standard Problem which is to provide information on the efficiency and use of computer program systems for passive afterheat removal systems. The PANDA test facility of PSI was designed for these investigations. A six-phase PANDA experiment provides a basis for pre-calculation and recalculation of selected phases covering a limited number of system-typical operating states and phenomena. The experiment was specified and carried out in the year under report. [Deutsch] Im Rahmen der OECD/NEA fuehrt das Paul Scherrer Institut (PSI) ein Internationales Standardproblem durch, das Aufschluss ueber die Leistungsfaehigkeit und Handhabung von Computer-Programmsystemen geben soll, die im Zusammenhang mit passiven Nachwaerme-Abfuhrsystemen eingesetzt werden. Die Versuchsanlage PANDA am PSI ist speziell auf die Untersuchung derartiger Systeme ausgerichtet. Ein PANDA-Versuch in sechs Phasen liefert den teilnehmenden Organisationen die Basis fuer Voraus- und Nachrechnungen einzelner oder mehrerer Phasen, die jeweils eine begrenzte Anzahl von systemtypischen Betriebszustaenden und Phaenomenen abdecken. Im Berichtsjahr wurde der Versuch spezifiziert und gefahren. (orig.)

  4. L’espace social des étudiants marocains dans la mobilité internationale. Spatialisation des réseaux et recomposition territoriale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sabrina Marchandise

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available La communication centre le propos sur l’étude des migrations étudiantes internationales, particulièrement marocaines. Ce thème se situe dans un contexte d’internationalisation de l’enseignement supérieur, au cœur des enjeux actuels qui ont trait à la mobilité des savoirs et des compétences et plus généralement dans les enjeux sociaux des réseaux. L’objectif général de la recherche réside dans la compréhension de la façon dont les étudiants marocains se représentent, conçoivent et produisent leurs rapports à l’espace, territorialisant de nombreuses aires. Comment alors penser les nouvelles formes de territorialité des étudiants marocains ? Les traductions spatiales des différents facteurs intervenant dans la dynamique sociale étudiante peuvent fournir des clés de lecture et d’interprétation des changements en cours (usages et technologies. Le projet consiste donc à saisir comment est structuré l’espace social des étudiants à travers les différents réseaux. Cet objectif pourra être atteint grâce à la spatialisation des réseaux étudiants marocains. Un croisement des méthodes et une articulation des échelles s’avèrent nécessaires pour une approche par les trajectoires et les pratiques des étudiants.

  5. Iniciativas escolares y deportivas lideradas desde la Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA): revisión sistemática.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Correa, Jorge E; Meneses-Echávez, José F; Barengo, Noël C; Tovar, Gustavo; Ruiz-Castellanos, Erika; Lobelo, Felipe; Ramírez-Vélez, Robinson

    2015-09-01

    Introducción: Los programas iniciados por la Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA) consisten en la difusión de mensajes relacionados con el cuidado de la salud y como estrategia de prevención de lesiones deportivas entre los niños y jóvenes. El objetivo de esta revisión sistemática fue resumir los resultados de la implementación de los programas "FIFA 11 para la salud" y "FIFA 11+". Métodos: Se realizó una búsqueda sistemática en las bases de datos electrónicos de MEDLINE, EMBASE y Scopus, identificando los estudios que evaluaran la implementación de los programas "FIFA 11 para la salud" y "FIFA 11+", durante los últimos 10 años (1 enero 2003 a 1 diciembre 2013). Resultados: Incluimos 17 estudios. Dos estudios evaluaron la implementación del programa "FIFA 11 para la salud" y encontraron un aumento significativo en el conocimiento de los mensajes de promoción de la salud; 15 estudios evaluaron los efectos del programa "FIFA 11+", reportando una reducción en el riesgo de lesiones deportivas y mejorías en el rendimiento deportivo. Discusión: Los programas "FIFA 11 para la salud" y "FIFA 11+" han demostrado resultados positivos para la salud, en el ámbito escolar y deportivo. Conclusiones: Dichos programas del FIFA representan una oportunidad para crear hábitos protectores y fomentar modos de vida saludables en niños y jóvenes.

  6. International environmental legislation; Internationales Umweltrecht

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Proelss, Alexander (ed.) [Trier Univ. (Germany)

    2017-07-01

    The book on international environmental legislation includes the following contributions: Development, sources and actors concerning the international environmental legislation, cross-national environmental justice, principles of the international environmental legislation, environmental protection by lawsuit, environmental protection and human right, environmental protection and trading, responsibility and liability, peaceful settlement of disputes, climatic change, preservation and sustainable use of the biodiversity, protection of air and space, oceanic protection, protection of inland waters, protection of the Antarctic and Arctic environment, waste and hazardous materials legislation.

  7. Les questions de migrations internationales

    Science.gov (United States)

    Samman, Mouna Liliane

    1993-03-01

    International migrations have growing implications for both countries of origin and countries of destination. In the latter, the presence of foreigners and of members of their families today creates problems of integration, causes argument and brings mounting xenophobia. Paralleling political, economic and social measures taken by public authorities to respond to these difficulties, education needs to assist in defusing the resulting social tensions by preparing the minds of learners and helping to develop new attitudes. In particular, when educational programmes address questions of international migration, these should be treated in the framework of historical evolution so that their real significance and their true temporal and spatial dimensions become apparent. It is also important that the growing interdependence between countries should be made plain, that national history should be placed in its international context, and that the true consequences of these developments should be made clear. In this context, learners need to be acquainted with Human Rights, thereby stressing universal moral values and the role of the individual. Lastly, questions relating to international migration are usually presented in the media in a selective and partial manner, and the young people who take in this information often accept the hasty judgments which are made of situations as proven facts. This is why all teaching about international migration needs to be considered or reconsidered in the light of the complementary or competing actions of the media.

  8. International approaches; Les approches internationales

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Babinet, R. [Ambassade de France au Etats-Unis (United States); Thegerstrom, C. [Svensk Karnbranslehantering AB (SKB), Stockholm (Sweden)

    2005-04-01

    The first article reviews the difficulties that have arisen and been overcome in the setting of safety standards applicable to the 2 American sites designed for the disposal of radioactive wastes in deep geological layers. The first one to operate was WIPP (waste isolation pilot plant) it is dedicated to wastes released by trans uranian programs and it has received since its opening, five years ago, more than 19000 m{sup 3} of wastes. The second site is the Yucca-mountain project that is being built and is designed to receive directly the spent fuels of nuclear power plants. WIPP can be considered as a reference concerning deep geological disposal, compliance to federal and state regulations, consensus with local authorities, and acceptance by the public. The second article is dedicated to the solution chosen by Sweden: the direct disposal of spent nuclear fuels in deep geological layers. The Swedish solution relies on: -) a laboratory dedicated to the study of the design of the adequate packaging for the disposal of spent fuels, -) an underground facility to assess and test different technologies that might be involved in the disposal process, and -) feasibility studies to select potential sites. 2 sites have been selected: Oskarshamn and Osthammar. The success of the Swedish solution is based on efficient and sincere communication campaigns mixing public information and scientific debates, that have led to a broad acceptance by the public. (A.C.)

  9. Son Excellence Monsieur Pierre-Louis Lorenz Ambassadeur extraordinaire et plénipotentiaire Représentant permanent du Grand-Duché de Luxembourg auprès de l’Office des Nations Unies et des autres organisations internationales à Genève

    CERN Multimedia

    Ordan, Julien Marius

    2017-01-01

    Signature de Son Excellence Monsieur Pierre-Louis Lorenz Ambassadeur extraordinaire et plénipotentiaire Représentant permanent du Grand-Duché de Luxembourg auprès de l’Office des Nations Unies et des autres organisations internationales à Genève

  10. Son Excellence Madame Elisabeth Laurin Ambassadeur Représentant permanent de la France auprès de l’Office des Nations Unies et des autres organisations internationales en Suisse République française Son Excellence Monsieur Roberto Balzaretti Ambassadeur Directeur

    CERN Multimedia

    AUTHOR|(CDS)2099575

    2016-01-01

    Son Excellence Madame Elisabeth Laurin Ambassadeur Représentant permanent de la France auprès de l’Office des Nations Unies et des autres organisations internationales en Suisse République française Son Excellence Monsieur Roberto Balzaretti Ambassadeur Directeur,

  11. Contestation internationale contre élites mondiales : l’action directe et la politique délibérative sont-elles conciliables ?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francis Dupuis-Déri

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Dans cet article, j’analyse à la lumière des normes libérales de la politique délibérative le bien-fondé de l’action directe contre les institutions internationales associées au néolibéralisme et à la mondialisation du capitalisme (Banque mondiale, Organisation mondiale du commerce, etc.. Le processus délibératif de ces organismes étant illégitime du point de vue de la théorie de la politique délibérative, les activistes du mouvement altermondialiste sont en droit de contester ces organismes. De plus, une attitude de contestation peut avoir en elle-même une valeur délibérative pour au moins sept raisons : (1 lancer une délibération ; (2 élargir la participation à la délibération ; (3 renforcer la représentativité ; (4 faire circuler l’information et faire connaître les arguments (publicité ; (5 stimuler l’imagination ; (6 pousser à l’action ; (7 relancer la délibération. Finalement, les mouvements sociaux tels que le mouvement altermondialiste peuvent être vus comme des forums délibératifs. Ainsi, qui veut évaluer la légitimité de l’action directe doit prendre en considération la nature délibérative du processus par lequel les activistes choisissent les moyens les plus efficaces à utiliser pour corriger les défauts du processus délibératif officiel et pour faire avancer l’égalité, la liberté et la justice.In this article I examine the legitimacy of direct action in relation to liberal deliberative norms and global institutions (World Bank, World Trade Organization, etc.. Since the deliberative processes of these institutions are illegitimate according to the theory of deliberative politics, the activists of the movement for global justice should be legitimate to confront these institutions. Moreover, confrontational action in itself may have a deliberative value for at least seven reasons: (1 initiating deliberation (agenda-setting ; (2 enlarging participation ; (3 enlarging

  12. JournalBase - Une étude comparative internationale des bases de données des revues scientifiques en sciences humaines et sociales (SHS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christine Kosmopoulos

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Pour la première fois en 2009 ont été ici présentés dans un tableau comparatif les contenus des bases de données qui recensent les revues en sciences humaines et sociales (SHS, du Web of Science (publié par Thomson Reuters et de Scopus (publié par Elsevier ainsi que des listes de référence European Reference Index for Humanities (ERIH (publiée par la Fondation européenne pour la Science et de l'AERES. Avec quelque 20 000 entrées, c’est une vue quasi exhaustive de la richesse des publications en sciences humaines et sociales qui est enfin apportée par ce tableau. La nomenclature adoptée pour classer les revues par discipline est celle en 27 postes de la Fondation Européenne pour la Science. Les affectations multiples révèlent la multidisciplinarité des revues, assez fréquente en SHS, mais parfois aussi les incohérences des bases de données qui n’ont pas été rectifiées.La recherche a été réalisée en 2008 avec le soutien financier du TGE Adonis du CNRS.Une mise à jour prochaine sera proposée en ligne.L’objectif final de ce projet, qui concerne l'ensemble de la communauté internationale en SHS, était de mettre en ligne, en version bilingue anglais/français, la base de données de JournalBase en mode interactif sur une plate-forme collaborative ainsi que le rapport final de l’étude, afin que les décideurs, les scientifiques, les experts de l'information scientifique disposent d’informations à jour et qu’ils puissent contribuer à faire avancer la réflexion sur ces questions, par l’échange d’expériences et de bonnes pratiques d’utilisation.Un article présentant l'historique du projet, la méthodologie mise en place et les difficultés rencontrées dans la comparaison des données a été publié le 8 janvier 2010. Il analyse également les premiers résultats.Désormais vous pouvez accéder à l'information intégrale de JournalBase sur le site : http://journalbase.cnrs.fr

  13. La lutte internationale contre le réchauffement climatique comme étant une source de dégradation des ressources marines The international fight against global warming as a source of degradation of marine resources

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Syrine Ismaili

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Les ressources marines constituent une richesse économique d'une grande importance pour un grand nombre de pays de la planète. Du fait de l'action de l'homme, ces ressources subissent une fragilisation et une raréfaction dues entre autres à la pollution, à la surpêche, à l'urbanisation intensive...S'ajoute à cette liste, depuis quelques années, le réchauffement de la planète qui affecte d'une manière sensible la diversité biologique marine. Pourtant les réponses internationales face à cette dégradation, au delà du fait qu'elles soient timides, sont rares. Il faudra dès lors se rabattre sur les solutions de lutte globale contre le réchauffement de la planète entreprise par la communauté internationale afin de contrer cette dégradation.Marine resources are a wealth of great economic importance for many countries in the world. Due to the action of man, these resources undergo embrittlement and rarification among others to pollution, overfishing, urbanization, intensive ... Added to this list in recent years, the global warming that affects a significantly marine biodiversity. Yet the international response to this degradation, beyond the fact that they are shy, is rare. It will therefore fall back on solutions to the global fight against global warming taken by the international community to counter this degradation.

  14. International dosimetry experiment on the zero power pile of the Boris Kidric Institute at Vinca (Yugoslavia) (1961); Experience internationale de dosimetrie sur la pile de puissance nulle de l'Institut Boris Kidric de Vinca (Yougoslavie) (1961)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Weill, J; Furet, J; Baillet, J; Donvez, G; Duchene, J; Gras, R; Mercier, R [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Section Autonome d' Electronique des Reacteurs, Saclay (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires; Chenouard, J; Lecomte, J [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Dept. de Physico - Chimie, Service des Isotopes Stables, Saclay (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1961-07-01

    On the occasion of the international dosimetry experiment on the zero power pile of the Yugoslavian Atomic Energy Centre at Vinca, the Commissariat a l'energie Atomique had agreed to prepare the measurement and security equipment and see to the manipulation of the heavy water, and in addition was responsible for the operation and the starting up of the pile during the experiment. The measurement and security apparatus, developed at Saclay and installed on the pile for low and high pressure runs, is listed, together with the safety equipment added near the control room. The various operations and manipulations carried out on the pile are described: filling with heavy water, starting up, determination of the critical level, testing the efficiency of the rods, operating the pile during the experiments. By operating to a carefully planned schedule, the experiments were, finished before the date fixed by the International Atomic Agency. (authors) [French] Dans le cadre de l'experience internationale de dosimetrie sur la pile de puissance nulle du Centre d'Etudes Nucleaires Yougoslave de Vinca, le Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique avait accepte de preparer l'equipement de controle et de securite, de pourvoir a la manipulation de l'eau lourde de la pile et avait la responsabilite de son fonctionnement et de sa mise en marche pendant l'experience. On enumere ici l'appareillage de controle et de securite installe sur la pile pour les marches a basse et haute puissances, appareillage mis au point a Saclay, ainsi que les protections ajoutees a proximite de la salle de controle. On decrit les differentes manipulations et operations effectuees sur la pile: remplissage d'eau lourde, demarrage, recherche du niveau critique, verification de l'efficacite des barres, conduite de la pile pendant les experiences. Grace a un planning tres serre qui a pu etre tenu, les experiences ont pu etre terminees avant la date prevue par l'Agence Atomique Internationale. (auteurs)

  15. Vestlus = Conversation / Tiit Sild ; intervjueerinud Kaja Pae

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sild, Tiit, 1977-

    2011-01-01

    Tartu linnaarhitektiga linnaplaneerimisest Tartus, osapoolte läbirääkimistest planeerimisprotsessis, lühidalt pärast Tartu linnafoorumit linnavalitsuse algatatud "Tartu linna ülikoolide, rakenduskõrgkoolide ja TÜ Kliinikumi ruumilise arengu" teemaplaneeringust

  16. Vestlus = Conversation / Toomas Paaver ; intervjueerinud Kaja Pae

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paaver, Toomas, 1976-

    2011-01-01

    Kõige tarvilikumad ja võimalikumad viisid väikelinnade ruumiga tegelemiseks. Ühistranspordi ühendusi tuleks käsitleda üleriigilise avaliku ruumi olulise osana. Linnaäärtega tegelemisest, kvaliteetsete linnaservade loomisest. Planeerimise kvaliteedist, kultuursusest, loomingulisusest ja seadusandlusest

  17. « Constituer un sérieux dossier d’archives de la Cité » : le fonds d’archives de la Cité internationale universitaire de Paris

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Damien Richard

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Versées aux Archives nationales en 2009, après un important travail de tri et d’inventaire, les archives de la Cité internationale universitaire de Paris restituent dans toutes ses dimensions l’histoire, depuis sa création en 1920, de cette institution hors du commun. Le patrimoine architectural en représente un pan majeur, eu égard au panorama architectural du XXe siècle que constitue la Cité et aux grands noms qui se sont succédé à la signature des constructions. Mais le fonds met également en avant la vie quotidienne de la Cité, dans ses dimensions les plus joyeuses, par exemple les activités culturelles, comme les plus tragiques, tels les affrontements en factions politiques rivales à la Maison de l’Iran après la révolution khomeiniste. À travers trois exemples, le Collège franco-britannique (1937, la Maison du Brésil (1959 et celle de l’Iran (1969, cet article souhaite montrer la richesse de cette source nouvellement offerte à la recherche.Given to the National Archives in 2005, after an important effort of classifying and listing, the archives of the Cité internationale universitaire de Paris offer a complete account of the history of this most remarkable institution since its creation in 1920. The architectural patrimony is one of its most important aspects, given the architectural roundup of the 20th century displayed by the Cité and the famous architects successively responsible for the construction of its buildings. However the collection also shows everyday life in the Cité in its most joyful aspects, for example the cultural activities, but also its most tragic ones, such as the confrontations between rival political factions at the Iran House after the Khomeinist Revolution. Using three examples, the French-British College (1937, the Brazil House (1959 and the Iran House (1969, this article aims at showing the interest of this source recently open to research.

  18. Como colocar em prática o Plano de Atendimento às Emergências (PAE no laboratório clínico How to implement the Plan of Care for Emergencies (LAP in the clinical laboratory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Elizabete Mendes

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUÇÃO: A situação socioeconômica e ambiental na qual os laboratórios clínicos vivem, aliada aos riscos ampliados do negócio nos dias atuais, exige dos dirigentes a elaboração de um plano de segurança para situações de catástrofes. OBJETIVO: Esse plano é útil para garantir a continuidade do negócio e sua recuperação após a crise. MÉTODO: O Plano de Atendimento à Emergência (PAE é apresentado como um conjunto de procedimentos estruturados para a obtenção de respostas rápidas, adestradas e eficientes em situações de emergência no laboratório. CONCLUSÃO: Ele visa prevenir ou mitigar as eventuais consequências adversas para segurança, saúde e meio ambiente no âmbito laboratorial. RESULTADO: Este artigo discute a aplicabilidade, as responsabilidades, a elaboração e a manutenção, assim como suas implicações na rotina laboratorialINTRODUCTION: Nowadays, the environmental and socioeconomic contexts in which clinical laboratories are set, coupled with increased business risks, require the formulation of an emergency care plan in case of natural disasters. OBJECTIVE: This plan is useful to ensure business continuity and recovery after crisis. METHOD: The Emergency Care Plan (PAE is presented as a structured set of procedures for obtaining rapid, efficient and trained responses in emergency situations. CONCLUSION: It aims at preventing or mitigating occasional adverse consequences regarding safety, health and environment in clinical laboratories. RESULTS: This article discusses the applicability, responsibilities, development and maintenance as well as their corresponding implications in laboratory procedures

  19. 8 novembre 2016 - Ambassadeur extraordinaire et plénipotentiaire V. Zellweger, Représentant permanent de la Confédération suisse auprès de l’Office des Nations Unies et des autres organisations internationales à Genève signe le livre d'or en présence de J. Wenninger, C. Warakaulle, F. Gianotti et M. Steinacher.

    CERN Multimedia

    Brice, Maximilien

    2016-01-01

    Son Excellence Monsieur Valentin Zellweger Ambassadeur extraordinaire et plénipotentiaire Représentant permanent de la Confédération Suisse auprès de l’Office des Nations Unies et des autres organisations internationales à Genève Mardi 8 novembre 2016

  20. Competitive effects and instruments of power sector reforms. International reform concepts blockade structures, risk distribution. A political economy analysis; Wettbewerbseffekte und Instrumente von Stromsektorreformen. Internationale Reformkonzepte, Blockadestrukturen, Risikoverteilung. Eine politoekonomische Analyse

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Liebchen, Armin [Liebchen Consulting, Berlin (Germany)

    2014-07-01

    Power sectors with weak or inadequate competition structures are the rule, despite numerous attempts at reform. But can afford modern economies this defect for a long time? Why can the implementation of competition are blocked so effectively? The author studied international reform experiences and opens up interesting insights that can also reflect on problems of the German energy turnaround: The difficulty of timing and coordination of the reform components, the development of resistance levels of individual interest groups, breach of contract as a rational alternative, causes unwanted price effects, shifting interest situations of major stakeholders, change dynamics impending regulatory risks, pending financing risks, stranded cost-conflict situations for power stations disconnected from the grid and facilities and instruments of a political and regulatory risk management for reforms. With numerous examples, background analyzes and instruments to reform analysis, this book is aimed at investors, policy planners and analysts. [German] Stromsektoren mit schwachen oder unzulaenglichen Wettbewerbsstrukturen sind trotz zahlreicher Reformversuche die Regel. Aber koennen sich moderne Volkswirtschaften diesen Mangel dauerhaft leisten? Warum kann die Einfuehrung von Wettbewerb so wirksam blockiert werden? Der Autor untersucht internationale Reformerfahrungen und eroeffnet interessante Einsichten, die sich auch auf Problemlagen der deutschen Energiewende spiegeln lassen: Die Schwierigkeit des richtigen Timings und der Abstimmung der Reformteile, dem Aufbau von Widerstandslinien einzelner Interessensgruppen, Vertragsbruch als rationaler Alternative, Ursachen unerwuenschter Preiseffekte, sich verschiebenden Interessenslagen wichtiger Akteure, Veraenderungsdynamik drohender Regulierungsrisiken, schwebenden Finanzierungsrisiken, stranded-cost-Konfliktlagen fuer vom Netz genommene Kraftwerke und Moeglichkeiten und Instrumenten eines politisch-regulatorischen Risikomanagements

  1. Le protocole du mur d'images. Le cas de la représentation sociale du " Printemps Arabe ". : Communication présentée : XIème Conférence Internationale sur les Représentations Sociales, 25 au 28 juin 2012, Évora, Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Moscarola , Jean; Boughzala , Younès; Perret , Cécile; Moliner , Pascal

    2012-01-01

    PERRET C., MOSCAROLA J, BOUGHZALA Y, KARAA M., 2012, " La représentation sociale de la démocratie dans le contexte du Printemps Arabe. Une étude comparée Algérie / France / Tunisie ", 11ème conférence internationale sur les représentations sociales, Evora, 25-28 juin, Evora, Portugal.; Problematic events in the social space may arouse the emergence of representations. In the Internet era, this kind of events gives rise to the production and to the diffusion of images we can consider as the so...

  2. Quand la justice pénale internationale s’empare de la réconciliation nationale When international criminal justice captures « national reconciliation »

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sara Liwerant

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available Si aujourd’hui les Tribunaux pénaux internationaux pour l’ex-Yougoslavie et pour le Rwanda affirment qu’ils ont pour objectif de favoriser la restauration de la paix, cette mission puise pourtant ses racines dans une réglementation des comportements dans la guerre. Cette généalogie révèle un changement de mission du droit pénal international qui, associant progressivement justice et paix, a conduit récemment à y adjoindre la « réconciliation nationale ». Sans être définie, la « réconciliation nationale » va s’introduire dans le vocable des juges internationaux. Ainsi, lors de la détermination de la peine, les juges vont considérer que les efforts de l’accusé en faveur de la réconciliation nationale est un élément susceptible de réduire la peine au titre des circonstances atténuantes. A partir d’une analyse de l’ensemble des décisions des deux Tribunaux pénaux internationaux, cet article analyse sens et enjeux de l’appropriation de la « réconciliation nationale » par la justice pénale internationale saisie par des impératifs collectifs.Although the international criminal courts for the Former Yugoslavia and for Rwanda claim that their goal is to contribute to the restoration and the maintenance of peace, their mission originates in the laws of war. This genealogy reveals a shift in international criminal law’s missions. Combining « justice » and « peace », the international judges have added the notion of « national reconciliation » to their vocabulary without defining it. Thus to give a « fair sentence » judges are willing to consider the defendant’s efforts in favor of national reconciliation among the elements that they take into account as mitigating factors. Analyzing the judgments of the international criminal tribunal for the former Yugoslavia and for the Rwanda, this article explores what is at stake when international criminal justice is faced with social

  3. M. G.-F. Leclerc, Préfet de la Haute-Savoie lors de sa visite dans le tunnel du LHC au Point 2 avec D. Delikaris, Département Technologie; dans la caverne de l'expérience ALICE avec B. Erazmus, Collaboration ALICE et lors de la signature du livre d'or avec F. Bordry, Chef du Département Technologie. P. Fassnacht, Conseiller au Bureau des Relations internationales présent.

    CERN Multimedia

    Jean-Claude Gadmer

    2013-01-01

    M. G.-F. Leclerc, Préfet de la Haute-Savoie lors de sa visite dans le tunnel du LHC au Point 2 avec D. Delikaris, Département Technologie; dans la caverne de l'expérience ALICE avec B. Erazmus, Collaboration ALICE et lors de la signature du livre d'or avec F. Bordry, Chef du Département Technologie. P. Fassnacht, Conseiller au Bureau des Relations internationales présent.

  4. 16 septembre 2015 - Signature du livre d'or par S. Exc. Mme Laurin, Ambassadeur de France auprès de l’Office des Nations Unies et des organisations internationales en Suisse avec le Directeur général du CERN R. Heuer, et de la Directrice générale élue 2016-2020 F. Gianotti.

    CERN Multimedia

    Brice, Maximilien

    2015-01-01

    Son Excellence Madame Elisabeth Laurin Ambassadeur Représentant permanent de la République française auprès de l’Office des Nations Unies et des organisations internationales en Suisse République française. Sont également présents: E. Göniger Voss, S. Péron, O. Martin, F. Bordry, A-S. Catherin, F. Eder.

  5. Le Japon et la Cour pénale internationale : enjeux politiques et mémoriels Japan and the International Criminal Court: memory and political issues

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eric Seizelet

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available En juillet 2007, le Japon a officiellement adhéré au Statut de Rome de 1998 établissant la Cour pénale internationale (CP1. En rejoignant la CPI, le cabinet Abe Shinzô a confirmé la détermination sans faille du gouvernement japonais à soutenir la mise en place d’un tribunal criminel permanent, à collaborer à la poursuite des individus suspectés de génocides, de crimes de guerre, de crimes contre l’humanité et de crimes d’agression, et à renforcer ainsi le droit humanitaire international. Mais, en dépit de cet engagement ancien, le gouvernement avait remis à plus tard son adhésion effective, invoquant des raisons budgétaires et la nécessité de mettre le droit interne en accord avec les dispositions du Statut de Rome. Le but de cet article est de démontrer que ce retard fut également imputable à deux autres raisons : la crainte qu’une adhésion précoce ne vienne renforcer les actions en réparation intentées par les « femmes de réconfort » et les victimes de travail forcé durant la Seconde Guerre mondiale, et l’attitude des États-Unis qui se sont opposés avec force à la création de la CPI. Il souligne également la situation inconfortable du gouvernement japonais : en tant que membre de la CPI, il aura à connaître d’affaires d’esclavage sexuel et de travail forcé à l’égard desquelles la communauté internationale lui reproche une mémoire défaillante ou sélective. En définitive, même si la participation japonaise à la CPI est de nature à conforter la légitimité de la Cour dans son caractère universel, l’attitude ambiguë des autorités japonaises ne peut qu’affaiblir l’impact de l’adhésion au Statut de Rome sur d’autres grandes puissances asiatiques telles que la Chine, l’Inde, l’Indonésie et le Pakistan soucieuses de protéger leur souveraineté contre toute ingérence de la Cour.On July 2007, Japan officially adhered to the 1998 Rome Statute setting up the

  6. Schreiberfahrungen internationaler Studierender im deutschen Hochschulkontext

    OpenAIRE

    Scheurer, Jana

    2017-01-01

    This master thesis examines international students’ writing experiences in the German academic context. It ties in with existing studies located in the field of academic writing research and contrastive rhetoric, yet attempts a paradigm shift by moving away from pure text analysis towards a more informant-focused approach. By the means of semi-struc- tured, problem-centered interviews, an emphasis is set on the participants’ perspectives, highlighting the point of view of the writers themselv...

  7. Internationale instellingen en de aanpak van conflictgrondstoffen

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dam, D.A.

    2017-01-01

    Dit hoofdstuk gaat in op de verschillende initiatieven die op internationaal niveau zijn ontwikkeld om de handel in conflictgrondstoffen tegen te gaan. Hierbij zal worden toegespitst op het Afrikaanse Grote Merengebied, waar enkele van de belangrijkste mineralen voor de elektronische industrie

  8. Internationale Wachstumsstrategien produzierender Familienunternehmen durch Mergers & Acquisitions

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sachs, Andreas Fabian Constantin Johannes

    2007-01-01

    Family businesses are experiencing a revival in the German economy. In the face of the challenges of globalization and the ongoing relocation of production facilities, “home base oriented” enterprises meet with increasing attention and gain in importance. Family-owned enterprises have indeed been

  9. Cybersecurity: Nederland moet inzetten op internationale cybersamenwerking

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bouwman, F.; Marácz, L.

    2012-01-01

    Het digitale domein is, naast land, de lucht, de zee en de ruimte, inmiddels het vijfde domein voor militair optreden geworden omdat dit domein en de toepassing van digitale middelen als wapen overal ter wereld sterk in ontwikkeling zijn. Allerlei vormen van digitale oorlogsvoering zijn een reëel

  10. Dansk tv-dramas internationale succes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Agger, Gunhild

    2012-01-01

    Det er altid smigrende, når man i udlandet ikke blot importerer danske kulturfænomener, men tilsyneladende også værdsætter dem. Endnu bedre er det, når de giver anledning til debat. Og der har faktisk udfoldet sig en seriøs diskussion bl.a. på netaviser i den engelsk-talende verden – ikke kun om,...

  11. Internationale joint ventures - udvalgte selskabsretlige problemstillinger

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Karsten Engsig

    2001-01-01

    Artiklen behandler en række problemstillinger som er særlige for joint ventures stiftet i selskaber af aktie-, anpartsselskabstypen. Bl.a. behandles en række problemer omkring joint venture aftalens forhold til selskabets vedtægter samt en række problemstillinger knyttet til det forhold at der er...... etableret fælles kontrol over joint venture selskabet....

  12. Des distinctions internationales | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    3 nov. 2010 ... Sri Lanka better prepared for future tsunamis. Vulnerable coastal communities in Sri Lanka now have more tools to help them survive tsunamis, cyclones, and other rapid-onset natural disasters. View moreSri Lanka better prepared for future tsunamis ...

  13. Nationale og internationale miljøindikatorsystemer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, N.; Møller, F.

    aggregerede bæredygtighedsindikatorer. Som et særligt udviklingsaspekt fokuseres der på DPSIR modellen og mulighederne for at gøre dette begreb mere dynamisk ved i højere grad at lægge vægt på det tidsmæssige aspekt i relationerne mellem indikatorer for driving force, pressure, state, impact og response...

  14. ENSI international strategy; Strategie Internationales des ENSI

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2014-07-15

    This brochure issued by the Swiss Federal Nuclear Safety Inspectorate ENSI discusses ENSI’s role in international cooperation in the nuclear safety area. Questions looked at include to what degree ENSI should engage itself at an international level, especially in certain IAEA missions, which topics should be addressed, which results should be aimed for and how current scientific and technical state-of-the-art should be monitored. Strategic targets are discussed, main areas of action are examined and ENSI’s position with respect to safety, transparency, independence and competence is declared. The various implementation instances within ENSI are looked at.

  15. De Nederlandse veehouderij sector & internationale netwerken

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Andeweg, K.; Leenstra, F.R.

    2015-01-01

    The Dutch government aims to link her support to international multi-stakeholder platforms, like the Global Agenda for Sustainable Livestock, to the needs of Dutch companies that are active in animal production in developing countries. This should contribute to the policy goals for realising food

  16. Balance between automation and human actions in nuclear power plant operation. Results of international cooperation; Equilibre entre automatisation et action humaine dans la conduite des centrale nucleaires, resultats de la cooperation internationale

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sun, B [CEA Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires de Fontenay-aux-Roses, 92 (France). Dept. d' Analyse de Surete; Bastl, W [Gesellschaft fuer Reaktorsicherheit m.b.H. (GRS), Garching (Germany); Olmstead, R [Atomic Energy of Canada Ltd, Mississauga (Canada); Oudiz, A [Electric Power Research Inst., Palo Alto, CA (United States); Jenkinson, J [Nuclear Electric PLC, Gloucester (United Kingdom); Kossilov, A [International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna (Austria)

    1990-07-01

    'est portee sur le concept de reacteurs 'intrinsequement surs', ce qui pourrait simplifier les equipements de securite, et reduire la complexite des systemes d'information et de controle. La repartition des taches entre homme et machine pourrait bien etre l'une des etapes les plus critiques dans la conception d'une centrale nucleaire et l'un des progres les plus sensibles; de ce fait, elle garantit une approche dans la conception qui est commensurable en qualite avec les hauts niveaux de securite et de qualite de production recherches pour les centrales nucleaires. C'est dans ce climat que l'Agence Internationale pour l'Energie Atomique (AIEA) a constitue en 1989 un groupe de recherche auquel participent les pays membres, lequel groupe possede une experience etendue dans le domaine de l'automatisation des centrales nucleaires. La tache de ce groupe etait d'evaluer ou se situait le juste equilibre entre actions manuelles et automatiques dans la conduite des centrales. Se basant sur des recherches anterieures et sur l'experience de ses membres, le groupe a determine que toute solution unique, totalement deterministe, au probleme de la repartition des taches est impossible. Cependant, dans la mesure ou le role de l'operateur est appele progressivement a se transformer, avec le temps, en un role de gestionnaire du systeme, il est imperatif qu'une procedure systematique de repartition des taches soit utilisee par l'equipe chargee de la conception. Le groupe a propose une methodologie qui s'appuie sur des travaux deja publies, mais il adopte une approche pragmatique, adaptee aux besoins reels des projets. Cette methodologie caracterise un certain nombre de facteurs qui relevent des processus de prise de decision, guide une telle prise de decision, et identifie les secteurs dont il considere qu'ils doivent devenir l'objet de recherches ulterieures. (author)

  17. Risici ved ophævelsen af kvotebekendtgørelsen for NOx og SO2 for kraftværkerne

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Ole-Kenneth; Nielsen, Malene

    Rapporten belyser de mulige konsekvenser ved ophævelse af ”Bekendtgørelse om begrænsning af udledning af svovldioxid og kvælstofoxider fra kraftværker”, nr. 885 af 18. december 1991. (Herefter kvotebekendtgørelsen). Det er foretaget en basisfremskrivning af NOx-emissionen frem til 2025 for de vær...

  18. Tunda ära korratamatut = Recognizing the unrepeatable / Kaja Pae

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pae, Kaja

    2011-01-01

    Ruumiplaneerimisest. Linnaplaneerimisest 20. sajandil. Fredric Jamesoni düstoopia kontseptsioonist. Ehitusbuumiaegsest ehitusest Hiina näitel. Monumentaalsetest linnaehitusprogrammidest. Ehitusbuumiaegses Eestis tekkinud ruumilisest situatsioonist. Linna tihedusest, spontaansest ruumist. Avaliku ruumi kasutamisest. Kirjeldamatuse ilmingust

  19. Elades düstoopias = Living in dystopia / Kaja Pae

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pae, Kaja

    2011-01-01

    Linnast ja teooriatest. Linnast kui utoopiast. Tänapäeva linnadest. Linnaplaneerimisest, planeeringute realiseeritavusest ja realiseerumisest, planeerimatusest. Eesti buumiaegsest ehituspraktikast ja planeeringutest. Põldude muutumisest kinnisvaraküladeks, maastiku muutumisest juhuslikul viisil. Buumiaegsetest asumitest

  20. Gestion de crise et aide internationale après le séisme du 12 janvier à Port-au-Prince Haïti, toujours dans l’urgence ! (Témoignage Crisis Management and International Aid after Earthquake of January 12 in Port-au-Prince Haiti, always in a Hurry! (Testimony

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-Philippe Pierre

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Dans le cadre de l’intervention qui a été déclenchée pour venir en aide aux sinistrés du tremblement de terre en Haïti le 12 janvier dernier, la France a envoyé des moyens importants. Le déploiement de ces moyens comme celui de ceux envoyés par le reste de la communauté internationale s’est déroulé sur un territoire ravagé. En plus des difficultés liées aux destructions, il a été relativement difficile d’avoir une vision globale de la situation. L’absence quasi totale de moyens de communication sur place et l’interprétation faite par certains médias internationaux, d’évènements anodins ont également contribué à compliquer cette situation.  Aujourd’hui, on énumère les actions et les projets mais qu’en est-il de la situation sur le terrain ?As part of the intervention was triggered to help victims of earthquake in Haiti on January 12 this year, France sent substantial resources. The deployment of these resources such as those sent by the rest of the international community took place on a ravaged territory. In addition to difficulties related to destruction, it was relatively difficult to obtain an overview of the situation. The almost total absence of means of communication on site and the interpretation made by some international media, benign events also helped to complicate the situation. Today, it lists the actions and projects, but what about the situation on the ground?

  1. 29 August 2013 - J.-F. Jauslin, Directeur de l’Office fédéral de la culture (OFC) Ambassadeur suisse auprès de l’UNESCO et de l’OIF au 1er septembre 2013 Confédération suisse visite le centre visiteurs de l’expérience ATLAS ainsi que la caverne expérimentale d'ATLAS avec P. Jenny, ancien Porte-parole d'ATLAS. M. Bona, Conseiller du Directeur général pour les relations avec les Organisations internationales présent tout au long.

    CERN Multimedia

    Jean-Claude Gadmer

    2013-01-01

    29 August 2013 - J.-F. Jauslin, Directeur de l’Office fédéral de la culture (OFC) Ambassadeur suisse auprès de l’UNESCO et de l’OIF au 1er septembre 2013 Confédération suisse visite le centre visiteurs de l’expérience ATLAS ainsi que la caverne expérimentale d'ATLAS avec P. Jenny, ancien Porte-parole d'ATLAS. M. Bona, Conseiller du Directeur général pour les relations avec les Organisations internationales présent tout au long.

  2. 23 octobre 2012 - Le Président du Conseil général de la Haute-Savoie C. Monteil signe le livre d'or en présence du Directeur général R. Heuer, la chef des Relations Internationales F. Pauss, le chef du département Physique P. Bloch et le chef du département Technologie F. Bordry; visite du hall de test des aimants supraconducteurs du LHC avec F. Bordry.

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2012-01-01

    23 octobre 2012 - Le Président du Conseil général de la Haute-Savoie C. Monteil signe le livre d'or en présence du Directeur général R. Heuer, la chef des Relations Internationales F. Pauss, le chef du département Physique P. Bloch et le chef du département Technologie F. Bordry; visite du hall de test des aimants supraconducteurs du LHC avec F. Bordry.

  3. L’Affaire du génocide. Bosnie et Serbie devant la Cour internationale de Justice ou la dénonciation à l’épreuve du droit international Lawyering Truth. The Genocide Case (Bosnia vs. Serbia before the International Court of Justice, or a Test of Public Denunciation through International Law

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pierre-Yves Condé

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available En 2006 la Cour internationale de Justice a rendu son arrêt dans l’affaire du Génocide introduite par la Bosnie-Herzégovine contre la Serbie treize ans plus tôt. Elle a qualifié de génocide les massacres de Srebrenica de juillet 1995 et jugé que la Serbie, en ne cherchant ni à empêcher, ni à punir ce crime, avait enfreint la Convention pour la prévention et la répression du crime de génocide. L’écart entre les conclusions des juges et la cause plaidée par la Bosnie-Herzégovine, qui alléguait que la Serbie était directement responsable d’un génocide commis sur tout son territoire depuis 1992 au moins, a suscité des critiques radicales de la décision rendue. A partir des plaidoiries orales des parties à l’instance, cet article souligne les difficultés spécifiques rencontrées par la Bosnie dans sa tentative de défendre une cause judiciaire au nom de la vérité.In 2006 the International Court of Justice rendered its Judgment in the Genocide case brought thirteen years earlier by Bosnia and Herzegovina against Serbia. The Court held that the July 1995 Srebrenica massacres amounted to genocide and ruled that Serbia, by failing to prevent the crime and punish those responsible, was in breach of the Convention for the Prevention and Punishment of the crime of genocide. Because of the discrepancy between these judicial determinations and Bosnia’s allegations that Serbia was directly responsible for a genocide committed on her whole territory since 1992 at least, sharp criticisms were leveled at the decision. Focusing on the oral pleadings in the case, the paper aims at demonstrating the specific obstacles met by Bosnia in her efforts to lawyer truth.

  4. Internationale medier: Når sproget er den eneste forskel

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Rune Saugmann

    2009-01-01

    forhandlingerne som formålet med dem. Det gør der ikke mere. Efter tusindvis af historier i dusinvis af førende aviser verden over ser det ud til at der kun er én historie tilbage: Det neo-liberale udviklingseventyr. For i perioden 2001-2006 – hvor jeg har analyseret pressedækningen i USA, Spanien, England......, Indien og Argentina – er der sket en bemærkelsesværdig ensretning af presseomtalen af forhandlingerne – i øvrigt sideløbende med at forhandlingerne er blevet stadig mere fastlåste. ...

  5. Des distinctions internationales | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    3 nov. 2010 ... l'architecte de la révolution verte en Inde, a remporté en 1987 le tout premier Prix mondial de l'alimentation pour avoir fait découvrir aux agriculteurs indiens des variétés de blé et de riz à haut rendement. Le scientifique éthiopien Aklilu Lemma, qui a découvert un molluscicide d'origine végétale pouvant ...

  6. Internationale virksomhedsopkøb - hvilken rolle spiller HRM?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Neergaard, Helle

    1999-01-01

    The article focuses on the importance of cultural differences in international acquisitions. It illustrates how experience and knowledge about target companies determine how the acquiring firm handles HRM-issues and how a cultural due-diligence in the pre-acquisition phases will ease integration....

  7. Energy: the new frontiers - Questions internationales nr 65

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sur, Serge; Geoffron, Patrice; Copinschi, Philippe; Vially, Roland; Percebois, Jacques; Mignon, Herve; Perthuis, Christian de; Trotignon, Raphael; Grandjean, Alain; Lafargue, Francois; Paillard, Christophe-Alexandre; Locatelli, Catherine; Parmigiani, Laura; Piram, Keyvan

    2014-01-01

    This bibliographical note presents the content of the 2014 January-February issue of Questions internationals. It analyses the energy issue and its challenges in different regions of the world. The contributors notably address the issue of energy transition in Europe, strategic concerns and market logics for the oil sector, the uncertain perspectives for non conventional hydrocarbons and also for the civil nuclear sector (for different reasons and within a different context), the role of electricity transport in the development of renewable energies, and the situation of the CO 2 trading scheme in Europe. Besides these contributions, other topics are briefly addressed: Brazil's energetic independence, the issues of energy sobriety and green economy for France, resources as a curse or a blessing, the paradox between Africa's subsoil richness and population poverty, the situation of China between increasing consumption and energy transition, the uncertainties and interdependencies related to gas trade between Europe and Russia, energy infrastructures in Europe, chemical weapons and their international control, the Geneva agreement on the Iranian nuclear issue, migrations in today's France

  8. Petroleum and international policy; Petrole et politique internationale

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pertuzio, A

    2002-07-01

    To illustrate the relation between the petroleum and the international policy, the author presents the place of the petroleum industry in the international relations by an analysis of the historical aspects, the states and international organizations interventions and the prices evolution. (A.L.B.)

  9. Afrique Science: Revue Internationale des Sciences et Technologie ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Influence de la phosphatation au zinc sur la résistance a la corrosion d'un acier au carbone en milieu maring · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. A Ettaqi, A Irhzo, RD Daoudi, B Chaker. http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/afsci.v1i2.61127 ...

  10. Afrique Science: Revue Internationale des Sciences et Technologie ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    cyclohexe-1-enyl)-formamidine avec les 9H-carbazole 1,4-dione substitués et activés par le brome · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. T Beguemsi, D Sissouma, L Bede, RB ...

  11. File: International bilateral relations; Dossier: les relations internationales bilaterales

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Feltin, Ch.; Rabouhams, J. [Direction de la Surete des Installations Nucleaires (DSIN), 75 - Paris (France). Sous-Direction des Relations Internationales; Moche, L. [Bureau de Controle des Chaudieres Nucleaires (BCCN), 75 - Paris (France); Bravo, X. [Direction de la Surete des Installations Nucleaires (DSIN), 75 - Paris (France). Sous-Direction des Reacteurs de Puissance; Feider, M. [Direction de la Sante du Luxembourg, 75 - Paris (France); Rousseau, M.; Le Breton, S.; Saint Raymond, Ph.; Brigaud, O. [Direction de la Surete des Installations Nucleaires (DSIN), 75 - Paris (France); Pertuis, V. [Direction regionale de l`industrie, de la recherche et de l`environnement, (DRIRE), Nord-Pas-de-Calais (France); McNair, J.; Sayers, M.R.; Bye, R. [Health and Safety Executive, Bootle (United Kingdom). Nuclear Installations Inspectorate; Scherrer, J

    1998-08-01

    Since its creation in 1973, the Authority of Safety was assigned missions in the international field with following objectives: to develop information exchanges with its foreign counterpart, to make know and to explain the French approach and practice; to give to concerned countries the useful information on french nuclear facilities situated near the border; This file shows with some examples, how bilateral relations allow to fill up these objectives and how the French Authority got the foreign experience. (N.C.)

  12. De impact van Big Data op Internationale Betrekkingen

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zwitter, Andrej

    Big Data changes our daily lives, but does it also change international politics? In this contribution, Andrej Zwitter (NGIZ chair at Groningen University) argues that Big Data impacts on international relations in ways that we only now start to understand. To comprehend how Big Data influences

  13. Rubis: an international strategy; Rubis: une strategie internationale

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anon.

    2000-01-01

    In less than 4 years, the Rubis group moved from a role of a regional LPG distributor in North-Eastern France to a multinational company working in Europe, in the Maghreb and along the African East Coast. After a first acquisition in Morocco in 1997 with the setup of Lasfargaz (see article on its mounded storage in this issue), and following the take-over in 1998 and 1999 of IPEM in Italy, the group reinforces its positions in the Peninsula by acquiring Autogaz Meridionale (a marketer representing some 61,000 t/yr). Thus, Italy becomes the first development pole for Rubis. Meanwhile, the group is launching its activities in Madagascar, while stepping ahead in France. Overall, the Rubis group will sell some 500 000 t in 2000. (authors)

  14. Afrique Science: Revue Internationale des Sciences et Technologie ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Search tips: Search terms are case-insensitive; Common words are ignored; By default only articles containing all terms in the query are returned (i.e., AND is implied); Combine multiple words with OR to find articles containing either term; e.g., education OR research; Use parentheses to create more complex queries; e.g., ...

  15. La migration internationale face a la problematique du ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    If this migration is moving to other parts of the country, is also the departure from the country (international migration) which tends to become nowadays a crucial phenomenon. Basically aimed to bring foreign currency to families left behind and facing poverty, emigration, however cannot for a lasting solution to the problems ...

  16. Mexico 1975 : 15e Internationale wegencongres, de Nederlandse bijdragen.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    1975-01-01

    The papers of the Dutch delegation at the PIARC conference are given as preprints in Dutch. The main headings are: Planning and construction of highways; flexible pavements; rigid pavements; roads and motorways; urban roads; the road within the environment; economic questions; and low cost roads,

  17. International developments. Research and standardization; Internationale Entwicklungen. Forschung und Standardisierung

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Breustedt, Bastian [Karlsruher Institut fuer Technologie (KIT), Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen (Germany). Inst. fuer Strahlenforschung

    2017-08-01

    The methods and models for the determination of incorporated doses are developed and published by the international radiation protection commission ICRP. The ICRP recommendations were adopted into the international basic safety standards of IAEA and the European Commission The implementation of the safety standards into the national radiation protection regulations yield the legal basis for incorporation surveillance. In Germany this is the Strahlenschutzverordnung and the guideline for the physical radiation protection control for the determination of body doses.

  18. Chernobyl and international liability. Tschernobyl und die internationale Haftung

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rest, A; Uschakow, A; Brunner, G; Schmidt, C

    1986-01-01

    The four papers are published in the regular issue of 'Versicherungsrecht (VersR)', (1 Aug 1986) Vol. 37(29) (pages 609-620, 721-728, 833-843, 933-942) and have been analysed separately for the database.

  19. LA MEDITERRANEE DANS LES RELATIONS INTERNATIONALES DU XXE SIECLE

    OpenAIRE

    Lejeune , Dominique

    2010-01-01

    DEUG; Le monde est jugé dangereux et on voit resurgir les " ennemis héréditaires " ou des adversaires potentiels qui s'y substituent. De plus, l'expansion économique européenne provoque l'impatience d'ascension sociale, et la guerre va pouvoir libérer des énergies en 1914. Les ouvrages de guerre-fiction sont beaucoup plus nombreux après 1905 qu'auparavant ; la guerre est toujours présentée comme devant être courte, à cause de l'importance du nombre des mobilisés et du modernisme du matériel. ...

  20. Russia Today : Ruslands internationale spreekbuis voor 'soft power'?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kraft van Ermel, Nicolaas

    2014-01-01

    The tense current relations between Russia, Ukraine and the West are characterised by a true media war. This media war is fought in the old as well as in the new media, for example on television. One of the players in this game is the Russian English language television station Russia Today (since

  1. Afrique Science: Revue Internationale des Sciences et Technologie ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    OFDM codée pour le haut débit en fibre optique avec les codes correcteurs convolutifs, BCH, RS et LDPC · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. S R Sanou, F Zougmoré, Z Koalaga, M Kebré, 1-16 ...

  2. Afrique Science: Revue Internationale des Sciences et Technologie ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Situation du criquet marocain "Dociostaurus maroccanusThunb., 1815" par rapport aux différentes espèces acridiennes : morphométrie et capacités de déplacements · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. L El Ghadraoui, D Petit, R Mokhles, A Azouzi, ...

  3. Afrique Science: Revue Internationale des Sciences et Technologie ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Formulation d'un mortier de terre-ciment pour les murs mis en oeuvre selon la technique du pisé · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. M Mamba, R Nzengwa, I Tsomgme ...

  4. L'espace mondial des grandes manifestations sportives internationales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel MATHIEU

    1989-06-01

    Full Text Available La carte des grandes manifestations sportives mondiales montre une forte concentration des épreuves dans un petit nombre de pays développés, en particulier l'Europe occidentale. L'examen des nations concernées par les tournois majeurs du tennis et par le cyclisme professionnel soulignent, avec les nuances propres à chacun des sports, l'étroitesse des espaces intéressés.

  5. FIE 2008 : Un effort de collaboration internationale | CRDI - Centre ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    10 mai 2011 ... Comme la tenue du FIE 2008 coïncidait avec celle de l'International Association for Ecology and Health (EcoHealth), « au lieu de faire deux rencontres ... comme la grippe aviaire et le virus H1N1 démontrent la pertinence des interactions sociales et écologiques, et de l'interdépendance de notre monde.

  6. Afrique Science: Revue Internationale des Sciences et Technologie ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Degré d'impact des aménagements hydrauliques sur le ruissellement et le transport solide dans une région semi aride : cas des micro-bassins dans le haut Isser, Algérie · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. A Keddar, B Touaïbia, M Arabi ...

  7. Efter valget - find den internationale dagsorden frem igen!

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Høyrup, Nis

    2015-01-01

    Folketingsvalget var som ventet støvsuget for konstruktive forslag til, hvordan et lille eksportorienteret Danmark skal finde løsninger på fremtidens udfordringer. Her er et par bud fra Kinafronten.......Folketingsvalget var som ventet støvsuget for konstruktive forslag til, hvordan et lille eksportorienteret Danmark skal finde løsninger på fremtidens udfordringer. Her er et par bud fra Kinafronten....

  8. 10. International commercial vehicle congress; 10. Internationale Fachtagung Nutzfahrzeuge

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2009-07-01

    Within the International Conference 'Commercial Vehicles' at 27th to 28th May, 2009 in Neu-Ulm (Federal Republic of Germany), the following lectures were held: (1) Innovation management and product development: 'Amway from the crisis' (U. Seiffert); (2) Where does the energy the diesel go? Or: How is the consumption-optimal truck arranged? (M. Hilgers); (3) Contribution of truck tires for future environmental challenges (C. Lerner); (4) Aerodynamics of commercial vehicles - often underestimated and the future nevertheless? (S. Kopp); (5) Fuel conservation by means of optimization of generation and processing of compressed air (C. Wilken, F. van Son); (6) In the pilot test - increased consumption by retarder? (U. Steininger et al.); (7) Driver information system and driver assistance system for an energy efficient planning and processing of transport of goods by means of trucks (D. Hillesheim et al.); (8) A systematic testing of vehicle functions from the view of the total vehicle (C. Hellberg); (9) Increase of the quality of diagnosis of complex, mechanotronic vehicle systems by means of model based diagnosis with on-board detection and off-board evaluation (M. Kokes et al.); (10) Utilization of a vehicle simulator for the evaluation of comfort of MKS simulations of heavy trucks (T. Ille et al.); (11) System simulation and testing in the trailer development (M. Wildhagen); (12) What types of challenges for the simulation are posed from the requirements for ESP in commercial vehicles, coming into effect from 2010? (H.-J. Witter, E. Schmidt); (13) A method for evaluating the fuel saving potential of different hybrid steering system configurations in heavy commercial vehicles (U. Wiesel et al.); (14) Benefits of a hybrid electric architecture on medium commercial vehicles (M. Aimo Boot, L. Consano); (15) Lithium ion batteries for hybrid busses and hybrid commercial vehicles - being ready for the broad mass? (P. Pichler, M. Kapaun); (16) Electric turbocompounding on heavy duty diesel engines (J. McGuire et al.); (17) Progress in preventive safety systems for medium and heavy commercial vehicles (L. Consano); (18) Area of attention of the legal regulation of emergency braking systems (K. Breuer, C. Adam); (19) Protection of pedestrians by means of near field monitoring in commercial vehicles (D. Sandkuehler); (20) Design of driver assistance systems and integral safety by means of a PMD 3D camera (M. Painter et al.); (21) Solutions for trailors for an economic transport and increase of the traffic safety (R. Risse); (22) Remote Download - the key for an efficient data management (D. Gandras, G. Albayrak); (23) Reduction of fuels by means of an intelligent utilization of navigation data (R. Varnhagen); (24) An investigation of the thermal comfort in commercial vehicles (C. Theimert, F. Kager); (25) Integrated NO{sub x} and PM exhaust gas purification for EU VI and as a solution for retrofitting (R. Mueller et al.); (26) Hynovis - The innovative concept from Irisbus (J.M. Boucheret); (27) Development of a modular generation of bus chassis (M. Kreisel et al.); (28) Modular control of doors for the omnibus (G. Hennings, F. Pietsch); (29) The 'Front Collision Guard' (G. Steinmetz, T. Moennich).

  9. Tabaksbeleggingen van het ABP op gespannen voet met internationale standaarden

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Toebes, Brigit

    2018-01-01

    The Dutch civil servants pension fund ABP continues to invest in the tobacco industry. This contribution looks at these investments from the perspective of international law, in particular the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control and human rights law.

  10. Der Internationale Menschenrechtsschutz zwischen Konstitutionalisierung und Fragmentierung / Christian Walter

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Walter, Christian

    2015-01-01

    Inimõiguste rahvusvahelisest kaitsest; inimõiguste ja põhivabaduste kaitse konventsioonist ning Euroopa Inimõiguste Kohtu praktikast riigisisese õiguse aspektist; Liidu Halduskohtu avalike teenistujate streigikeelu lahendist (27.02.2014)

  11. De internationale markeder for dansk svinekød

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Niels Asger

    2005-01-01

    En af de parametre, som har størst betydning for, om efterspørgselen efter dansk svinekød kan opretholdes eller øges i de kommende år er, hvordan ønsker og behov hos de endelige forbrugere udvikler sig i fremtiden. Det kan vi af gode grunde ikke vide præcist, men vi kan med udgangspunkt i blandt ...

  12. Afrique Science: Revue Internationale des Sciences et Technologie

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Afrique Science publishes experimental, theoretical and applied results in mathematics, physics, chemistry, biology, geology and engineering. It aims to serve all scientists except medicine and pharmacology. Other websites related to this journal: http://www.afriquescience.info/ ...

  13. International comparison of energy taxation. Internationaler Vergleich der Energiebesteuerung

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Perdelwitz, D; Schafhausen, F

    1980-01-01

    To reach energy-political goals, financial-political measures are the best instruments to be used. With the help of tax exemption, subsidies, and governmental financial support, and by means of additional taxes (energy taxes) to make certain energy sources more expensive the structures of energy consumption can be changed. Even political goals of environment protection can be realised by means of such measures. In this investigation, the tax regulations leading to a fiscal burden of the energy consumption are comprehended and analysed as a precondition to realise these measures. In the investigation, all member countries of the EC are included, as it is taken as a fact that a successful energy and economy policy can only be coordinated on the basis of the European Communities.

  14. Infektionsrisikoen hos internationale adoptivbørn er reel

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Tine Marie; Poulsen, Anja; Pedersen, Freddy Karup

    2013-01-01

    -27% have gastrointestinal parasites and 1-7% have tuberculosis, but 3-21% have a positive Mantoux test. The studies found none with HIV or HCV and only a few with syphilis. The vaccination status was often deficient and the serology results did not match the vaccination records. All studies conclude...

  15. Afrique Science: Revue Internationale des Sciences et Technologie ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Etude cinétique de la dégradation de l'Endosufane en solution · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. S Traore, K Mamadou, A Dembele, V Yao, Y Bekro, P Mazellier, B Legube, P Houenou, 362-3771. http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/afsci.v3i3.61620 ...

  16. Afrique Science: Revue Internationale des Sciences et Technologie ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Etude technico-économique d'un système hybride (aérogénérateur et moteur diesel) pour la production d'électricité. EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. L Merad, B Benyoucef, JP Charles. http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/afsci.v2i2.61156 ...

  17. Impact potentiel du mécanisme de développement propre dans l’avenir des cultures pérennes : état des négociations internationales et analyse prospective à travers l’exemple de la filière de production du caoutchouc naturel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hamel Olivier

    2001-11-01

    Full Text Available A l’époque de la mise en œuvre des grands programmes de développement des cultures pérennes, les situations politiques, économiques et structurelles étaient fondamentalement différentes de celles qui existent aujourd’hui. Ces programmes répondaient principalement à une préoccupation de développement économique des États en privilégiant l’entrée des cultures de rente agro-forestières. Sans être au centre des préoccupations, les populations locales devaient bénéficier, par contrecoup, des retombées de la santé économique des planteurs et des firmes utilisatrices. À cette époque, la forêt était perçue comme un espace infini, un bien inépuisable; les marchés étaient en pleine expansion et disposaient de mécanismes de régulation ; les capitaux privés bénéficiaient de conditions avantageuses et l’aide publique au développement progressait. Durant les 25 dernières années, et singulièrement dans les 10 dernières, tout a changé : - l’espace est fini et la forêt tropicale est réputée en voie de disparition ; - la libéralisation du commerce et des capitaux ainsi que les politiques de stabilisation macro-économique sont devenues les credo des institutions financières internationales ; - les marchés sont volatiles et dérégulés, les États se sont désengagés ; - l’aide publique au développement s’est effondrée (passant de 32 $/hab. en 1990 à 19 $ aujourd’hui ; - enfin de nouvelles préoccupations environnementales fortes (RIO 1992 encadrées par des engagements conventionnels sont apparues. Dans un tel contexte, les cultures pérennes sont à la croisée des chemins car les nombreuses plantations des années 70-80 doivent être replantées. Ce qui sous-entend des investissements lourds qui, dans la nouvelle approche économique, reposent essentiellement sur les épaules des petits planteurs, sans que la prise de risque soit partagée par l’État. Cette conjoncture d

  18. Viimsi ja Haabneeme alevike arengud = Developments in Viimsi and Haabneeme townships / Kaja Pae

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pae, Kaja

    2011-01-01

    7. ja 8. septembril 2010 toimunud Viimsi foorumi teemaks oli Viimsi ja Haabneeme alevike ruumilise arengu mõtestamine. Foorum otsis lahendusi looduse ja kultuuriliste kihistuste kasutamiseks, et luua Viimsi vallale tugevat keskust, mis toimiks mitmekesise elukeskkonnana

  19. Ülev ja igapäevane = The sublime and the everyday / Kaja Pae

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pae, Kaja

    2015-01-01

    Eesti linnade suurima elanike tihedusega piirkonnad on vabaplaneeringu alad. Paneelelamupiirkondade avalik ruum on jäänud lõpetamata, valmis on ehitatud kortermajad, koolid ja lasteaiad ning suurem infrastruktuur, kuid majadevahelise vaba ruumi täpsema läbimõtestamiseni pole jõutud.Tartu linnavalitsus korraldas 2014. aastal Annelinna visioonikonkursi, et planeeringulisi võimalusi edasi arendada ja avalikku ruumi parandada.

  20. Drinking-water-criteria document for phthalic acid esters (PAES). Final report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1991-08-01

    The document provides the health effects basis to be considered in establishing the MCLG. To achieve the objective, data on pharmacokinetics human exposure, acute and chronic toxicity to animals and humans, epidemiology and mechanisms of toxicity are evaluated for phthalic acid esters. Specific emphasis is placed on literature data providing dose-response information. Thus, while the literature search and evaluation performed in support of the document has been comprehensive, only the reports considered most pertinent in the derivation of the MCLG are cited in the document. The comprehensive literature data base in support of the document includes information published up to 1986; however, more recent data may have been added during the review process

  1. Optimizing gas extraction at landfills in Denmark; Optimering af gasindvinding pae deponeringsanlaeg i Danmark

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Willumsen, H.C. [LFG Consult (Denmark)

    2005-07-01

    In landfills which contain organic material and anaerobic decomposition takes place, and landfill gas (LFG) is produced. The LFG contains approximately 50% methane, which contributes to the greenhouse effect when emitting from the landfill. Approximately 19% of the greenhouse gases in the atmosphere are methane, and around 8% of this is emission from landfills. This means that roughly 1.5% of the global warming is related to emission from landfills. Extraction of LFG for energy purposes was started 30 years ago in USA. In Denmark 26 LFG plants have been established since 1985. The gas is utilized for CHP or pure power production in gas engine/generator units. In some cases the LFG is used in gas burners in connection with boilers for district heating systems. 24 million m{sup 3} was recovered in 2004, which is equivalent to a reduction of CO{sub 2} of 160.000 tons CO{sub 2}/year. (BA)

  2. 7. international congress on sports facilities and bath installation with international trade exhibition. 7. Internationaler Kongress Sportstaettenbau und Baederanlagen mit internationaler Ausstellung

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1982-01-01

    This congress report is divided into 4 allied topics: the first one mainly deals with practicable provision of facilities for handicapped people in Germany, Switzerland, Sweden and Great Britain. The second and third topic deals with practicable design of public buildings like sports areas and sports halls in 7 countries including one example of solar assisted heating in a sports hall in Japan. The last topic treats design and restoration of outdoor and indoor swimming pools under the aspect of energy conservation (mainly achieved by solar systems for water heating and heat recovery) and used comfort in the Federal Republic of Germany, in Austria and France. Furthermore attention is given to biological and hygienical aspects of natural swimming pools and to E.E.C. regulations.

  3. Research info materials technology for wind turbine blade surfaces and development of test methods for surface lifetime; Forskning af maerialeteknologi til overfladebelaegning pae vindmoellevinger og udvikling af testmetoder for levetid pae belaegninger

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Damgaard, Susanne

    2006-02-15

    This article analyses inventories for energy input and output at farm level, i.e. the energy input for manufacturing and transport after the products have left the farm is not included. It has been proven that especially cropped clover is rewarding to grow organic as regards energy. This is partly due to the fact that cows at these fields get the feed units themselves and that insignificant quantities of fertilizer are added. However, there is no significant deviation in energy consumption per feed unit between the remaining assessed crops - neither between the different organic crops nor between similar organic and conventional crops as the higher energy use for e.g. fertilizer is made up for by increased yield. The extra energy use for mechanical weed control in organic plant production is insignificant compared to the rest of the entries in the energy balance. Simulation of energy flow in animal husbandry has as yet shown a smaller consumption of energy per kg organic meat and milk compared to conventional production, but the difference is small. (BA)

  4. Cyber Assurance - what should the IT auditor focus on?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cyber risici og Cyber sikkerhed er ny emner på ledelsens dagsorden angående IT Governance og sikkerhed. IT revisor skal være opmærksom på risic og kontroler samt trustler fra internettet. Denne præsentation forklarer, hvordan IT revisor skal reagere på cyber risici og sikkerhed. Præsentationen vi...

  5. Les pays émergents, nouveau moteur de l'aide internationale | CRDI ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    11 mars 2014 ... La contribution totale que fait un pays aux pays en développement donne donc une meilleure mesure de sa générosité que le seul montant de l'aide, a conclu Mme Adelman. La compassion est l'affaire de tous dans un pays, et pas uniquement du gouvernement. Kelly Haggart est rédactrice principale au ...

  6. La libéralisation financière internationale et la crise du ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    D'autre part, comme le marché, qui est de plus en plus livré à lui-même, n'a ni la mémoire ni la capacité d'acquérir une immunité naturelle, il revient donc aux responsables d'élaboration des politiques d'établir les institutions nécessaires de la gestion des affaires publiques. (Africa Development: 2000 25(1&2): 1-48) ...

  7. Accès aux ressources internationales aux fins de la lutte antitabac ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Canada-Latin America and Caribbean Zika Virus Research Program. A new funding opportunity on Zika virus is responding to the virus outbreak and the health threat it represents for the affected populations in the hardest hit countries in Latin America and the... View moreCanada-Latin America and Caribbean Zika Virus ...

  8. Volet vietnamien de l'étude internationale pour la lutte contre l'usage ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Canada-Latin America and Caribbean Zika Virus Research Program. A new funding opportunity on Zika virus is responding to the virus outbreak and the health threat it represents for the affected populations in the hardest hit countries in Latin America and the... View moreCanada-Latin America and Caribbean Zika Virus ...

  9. Cost Efficiency Implications of International Cooperation (Implications de rentabilite de la cooperation internationale)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-04-01

    student throughput. As can be seen in the figure, the cost 5 Based the International Labour Organization (ILO) Key Indicators of the Labour Market ...International Labour Organization JPO US F-35 Joint Program Office LS Learning Slope MATC Czech Republic-led Multinational Aviation...meeting in November 2010 in Paris. The participating members have been Canada, the Czech Republic, Italy, Norway (chair) and the United Kingdom. The

  10. The Anglophone International(e): A Bibliometric Analysis of Three Adult Education Journals, 2005-2012

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fejes, Andreas; Nylander, Erik

    2014-01-01

    Research funding, promotions, and career trajectories are currently increasingly dependent on the emerging economy of publications and citations across the globe. Such an economy encourages scholars to publish in international journals that are indexed in databases such as Scopus and Web of Science. These developments place an increased emphasis…

  11. International nuclear energy organizations; Internationale Organisationen auf dem Gebiet der Kernenergie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2013-12-15

    The publication on International nuclear energy organizations describes the scope of work of the following organizations: IAEA, EURATOM, OECD-NEA, ENSREG, WANO, INSCEAR and ICRO. The issues covered by the organizations include nuclear electricity generation, radiation protection, nuclear safeguards, nuclear liability, public information, reactor safety, radioactive waste management, non-proliferation, marketing, safety technology, utility requirements, effects of nuclear radiation.

  12. Schulleitungshandeln zwischen deconcentration, devolution und delegation (3D) - empirische Annäherungen aus internationaler Perspektive

    OpenAIRE

    Brauckmann, Stefan

    2012-01-01

    Mit den Initiativen und Maßnahmen zur Sicherung und Entwicklung von einzelschulischer Qualität haben sich die schulsystembezogenen Kontextbedingungen des Schulleitungshandelns in den letzten Jahren verändert. Die "neuen" Gegebenheiten werden von bildungspolitischer Seite häufig als Ermöglichungsbedingungen für eine stärkere Auseinandersetzung mit effektiven, d. h. ergebnisorientierten Handlungskonzepten verstanden. Für die Schulleitung betreffen diese im Wesentlichen die Nutzung von zugewiese...

  13. Doorvoer via entrepot : Een verkennend onderzoek naar de betekenis van entrepots voor de Nederlandse internationale distributiefunctie

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Louw, E.

    1990-01-01

    In Nederland als distributieland wordt volgens een aantal studies een belangrijke functie toegedicht aan douane-entrepots. Meestal wordt er daarbij op gewezen dat in Nederland aanzienlijk meer gebruiksmogelijkheden van entrepots zijn dan in andere Europese landen. Zelden echter wordt ingegaan op de

  14. L'innovation est-elle sexiste ? Journée internationale de la femme ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    24 avr. 2017 ... Tabitha Gathoni Mundia attribue ces statistiques au manque de modèles féminin dans le domaine des sciences et à la perception négative des femmes dans les domaines des STIM. Le président du CRDI, Jean Lebel, a accueilli environ 90 personnes à la rencontre D'un point de vue culturel, elle affirme ...

  15. International requirements for life extension of nuclear power plants; Internationale Anforderungen zur Lebensdauerverlaengerung von Kernkraftwerken

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wernicke, Robert [TUeV NORD SysTec GmbH und Co. KG, Abt. Festigkeit und Konstruktion, Hamburg (Germany)

    2009-11-15

    Lifetime extension or long-term operation of nuclear facilities are topics of great international significance against the backdrop of a fleet of nuclear power plants of which many have reached 2/3 of their planned life. The article deals with the conditions for, and the specific requirements of, seeking long-term operation of nuclear power plants as established internationally and on the basis of IAEA collections. Technically, long-term operation is possible for many of the nuclear power plants in the world because, normally, they were built on the basis of conservative rules and regulations and, as a consequence, incorporate significant additional safety. Application of requirements to specific plants implies assessments of technical safety which show that conservative design philosophies created reserves and, as a consequence, there is an adequate level of safety also in long-term plant operation. For this purpose, the technical specifications must be revised, necessary additions made, and (international) operating experience taken into account and management of aging established. Two examples are presented to show how the approach to long-term plant operation is put into practice on a national level. (orig.)

  16. 2nd international expert meeting straw power; 2. Internationale Fachtagung Strohenergie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2012-06-15

    Within the 2nd Guelzow expert discussions at 29th to 30th March, 2012 in Berlin (Federal Republic of Germany), the following lectures were held: (1) Promotion of the utilisation of straw in Germany (A. Schuette); (2) The significance of straw in the heat and power generation in EU-27 member states in 2020 and in 2030 under consideration of the costs and sustainability criteria (C. Panoutsou); (3) State of he art of the energetic utilization of hay goods in Europe (D. Thraen); (4) Incineration technological characterisation of straw based on analysis data as well as measured data of large-scale installations (I. Obernberger); (5) Energetic utilization of hay goods in Germany (T. Hering); (6) Actual state of the art towards establishing the first German straw thermal power station (R. Knieper); (7) Straw thermal power plants at agricultural sow farms and poultry farms (H. Heilmann); (8) Country report power from straw in Denmark (A. Evald); (9) Country report power from straw in Poland (J. Antonowicz); (10) Country report power from straw in China (J. Zhang); (11) Energetic utilisation of straw in Czechia (D. Andert); (12) Mobile pelletization of straw (S. Auth); (13) Experiences with the straw thermal power plant from Vattenfall (N. Kirkegaard); (14) Available straw potentials in Germany (potential, straw provision costs) (C. Weiser); (15) Standardization of hay good and test fuels - Classification and development of product standards (M. Englisch); (16) Measures of reduction of emissions at hay good incinerators (V. Lenz); (17) Fermentation of straw - State of the art and perspectives (G. Reinhold); (18) Cellulosis - Ethanol from agricultural residues - Sustainable biofuels (A. Hartmair); (19) Syngas by fermentation of straw (N. Dahmen); (20) Construction using straw (D. Scharmer).

  17. Oil and international security: old and new issues; Petrole et securite internationale: de nouveaux enjeux

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Noel, P

    1998-09-01

    This paper questions the effectiveness of the link between international oil and (inter)national security. First, it explains an acknowledge the rise and decline of the traditional case of this link: the threat that so called ''oil dependence'' inflicts upon the national economy, hence the problem it raises for government. The reason for that decline is looked for in the emergence of multiple forms of competition in oil and energy markets, making the ''oil weapon'' less credible and its use less desirable and less possible. In oil like in any other commodity, the normal situation is the competition between suppliers for access to markets. For all basic economics tells us and experience has confirmed, analyses and policies (at least in France) are still strongly influenced by the ''oil security'' thinking shaped in the eve of the 1970 crises. Yet, those fallacies may be the strongest obstacle to the acknowledgment of the real oil security issues we face. The main one is the possible political destabilization of the Middle East due to oil competition between its members in an increasingly competitive world market. The consequences on regional antagonisms of the come back of Iraqi oil to the market on one hand, the internal stability of Iran and Saudi Arabia in a situation of lasting low oil revenues on the other hand, are reviewed as the main possible factors of regional destabilization in a context of strong competition in the world oil market. A large scale political burst with major oil producers concerned would certainly hurt developed and developing economy. That leads us to this paradoxical situation: the very cause of the decline of the traditional oil dependence issue is, due to Middle East situation, the main cause of possible destabilization of world oil market today. (author)

  18. Zorgen, boeien en binden: een internationale vergelijking van enkele interventies rond voortijdig schoolverlaten

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Toby Witte

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available In this contribution to the national and local drop out policies, a comparison is made between Danish, Dutch and American strategies. The preliminary conclusion might be that a stimulating and facilitating policy is more successful than a severe and rigid one, though every result deserves to be evaluated within the related three worlds of welfare capitalism of Denmark, the Netherlands and the United States.

  19. RÉGLEMENTATIONS INTERNATIONALES CONCERNANT LE BLANCHIMENT DE L’ARGENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Alina ŞOOŞ

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available The total of the sums involved in money laundering is huge and stands in the way of the economic development of many countries.The globalizing era has produced an explosion in the volume of illegitimate commercial and financial transactions.“Dirty money” is money that is illegally earned, illegally transferred or illegally utilized. If it breaks laws in its origin, movement or use, then it qualifies for the label.On the European level the coordination of efforts in the “dirty” money laundering was represented in the “Convention on money laundering, discovering, arrest and confiscation of discovered means received in a criminal way” adopted by the Council of Europe (Strasburg, 08.01.90; further – the Convention, and also in the directive approved by the Council of the EU as of February 14, 1991, No.91/308/CEE as for preventing use of finance system for money laundering. The directive of the EU assigned spread of the provisions concerning combating laundering not only on profits from drugs business and also on terrorism and other kinds of organized crime.

  20. Les Joints-Venture Internationales dans La Construction Europeénne

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bonke, Sten; Campacnac, Elisabeth; Stanghellini, Stefano

    This text presents a condensed, yet comprehensive review of the methodology and interim findings of a large international comparative study. Construction joint-ventures in five European countries have been investigated with the aim of identifying preconditions to and consequenses...

  1. ‘Evenknie van de buitenlandsche organen’: het (internationale profiel van Critisch Bulletin (1930-1941

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ryanne Keltjens

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available At the time of its foundation in 1930, the periodical Critisch Bulletin (‘Critical Bulletin’ was presented as an alternative for the existing literary magazines on the Dutch market. Its founder Anthonie Donker (pseudonym of N.A. Donkersloot drew his inspiration from foreign examples like The Times Literary Supplement (1902 and Die literarische Welt (1925 and wanted to create a comparable Dutch weekly, which was supposed to become an authority in the reviewing of national and foreign literature and culture. Despite this international perspective, the underlying objectives of Critisch Bulletin were of a rather national nature: Donker wanted to strengthen the Dutch national community by improving the Dutch readers’ knowledge of their own literature and culture. Furthermore, he wanted to improve the quality of Dutch literature by comparing it to international standards. In this paper I will examine the tension between national and international aspects underlying the foundation and critical profile of Critisch Bulletin. I will use the concept of middlebrow to give an explanation for this apparent discrepancy.

  2. Den internationale fordring i læreruddannelse i Danmark. Diskurser, diskussioner og dilemmaer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Carlsen, Benny Bang; Bjerg Petersen, Karen

    2014-01-01

    Karen Bjerg Petersen and Benny Bang Carlsen raise a certain number of questions regarding the internationalization of Danish teacher education. Their start is historical, but even with the clear opinion of seeing the international claim as a gain, dilemmas remain, which have to be solved in a dif...... in a difficult search for harmony....

  3. Enquête internationale sur les pratiques d’évaluation du risque de violence

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pham, Thierry H.; Ducro, C.; Desmarais, Sarah L.

    2016-01-01

    Objective: Mental health professionals are routinely called upon to assess the violence risk presented by their patients, frequently aided by structured instruments. Though surveys of risk assessment and management have been conducted, these efforts have been largely circumscribed to individual...... practice and correctional institutions. Additional responsibilities over the past 12 months included administrative duties, teaching with comparatively little time being spent on research pursuits. Respondents reported having conducted an average of 211.68 violence risk assessment in their lifetimes, over...

  4. PROCORAD. An international network for quality control; PROCORAD. Ein internationales Netzwerk zur Qualitaetssicherung

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Berard, Philippe [CEA/Direction des Sciences du Vivant, Fontenay-aux-Roses CEDEX (France). Unite PROSITON; Hill, Peter [Forschungszentrum Juelich GmbH (Germany); Kehagia, Konstantina [Greek Atomic Energy Commission, Agia Paraskevi (Greece)

    2011-07-01

    Intercomparisons in the testing field of in-vitro monitoring are an essential tool of quality control. The international network PROCORAD provides its members with annual inter-laboratory comparisons on nine different kinds of samples. They include different matrices (urine, faeces) as well as different radionuclides (e.g. tritium, strontium, polonium, actinides..). In 2010 there were 71 participating laboratories from 21 countries. An annual meeting of the participants offers the opportunity to discuss the results as well as an opportunity to relate to other participants, which is important for both scientific exchange and cross-border emergency response. (orig.)

  5. Gestion de la migration internationale de la main-d'oeuvre dans les ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Managing International Labour Migration in ASEAN. International labour migration is a salient feature of regional economic integration and an integral component of development among countries in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). View moreManaging International Labour Migration in ASEAN ...

  6. International comparison of energy standards in the building area; Internationaler Vergleich von Energiestandards im Baubereich

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rieder, S.; Balthasar, A. [Institut fuer Politikstudien Interface GmbH, Lucerne (Switzerland); Eichhammer, W.; Reichert, J. [Fraunhofer-Institut Systemtechnik und Innovationsforschung (ISI), Karlsruhe (Germany)

    2005-07-01

    This comprehensive report for the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE) presents the results of a project that examined the creation, implementation and effectiveness of energy standards in Switzerland and the four European countries Austria, Germany, the Netherlands and Denmark. The results of the research, which was based on interviews, documents and the literature available, are presented and commented on. The authors are of the opinion that the development of energy-standards and regulations proved to be most difficult in Switzerland as a result of heavily decentralised legislation competencies. Developments in Europe are discussed. As far as the 'sharpness' of legislation is concerned, large differences can be found between the five countries looked at. The possible export of the Swiss 'MINERGIE' standard in other European countries is examined. Recommendations are made for the further development of energy standards.

  7. Het gebruik van autogordels en factoren die daarbij een rol spelen : een internationale vergelijking.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mäkinen, T. Wittink, R.D. & Hagenzieker, M.P.

    1991-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to define factors that contribute to the use or non-use of seat belts. Legislation prescribing compulsory seat belt usage is one of the most important factors. Promotion of the use of seat belts without this legislation is very difficult and time-consuming. So far, the

  8. IPSN international activities in 1999; Les activites internationales de l'IPSN en 1999

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anon

    2000-09-01

    This article is a reprint of a chapter taken from the 1999 activity report of the French Institute of Nuclear Protection and Safety (IPSN) and devoted to the international activities of the IPSN, in particular the cooperation of IPSN with its German homologue GRS (Gesellschaft fuer Anlagen und Reaktorsicherheit): assistance to Eastern Europe countries (development of regulation and constitution of safety files in Ukraine, transfer of computer codes and training, safety evaluation of the Mochvce nuclear power plant in Slovakia, reduction of the risks generated by the Tchernobyl shelter, assistance for the decommissioning of the Tchernobyl power plant, analysis of improvements proposed for the Medzamor unit 2 of Armenia, evaluation of fire hazard risks, assistance to Lithuania for the licensing of the Ignalina 1 unit); cooperation with China; international cooperation about the methods and tools for crisis management; international collaboration about IPSN's serious accident codes; extension of cooperation with Japan in radiation protection and radio-ecology; nuclear safety exercises in Russia and Armenia; development of Russia's national control of nuclear materials; collaboration with the medical radiological research center of Obninsk (Russia); radiation protection assistance in Turkey after a source accident; neutron measurements at the Vandellos 2 power plant (Spain); European intercomparison of neutron dosimetry; international intercomparison of uranium dosimetry in urines; participation to European research programs; construction of a database about the Tchernobyl accident consequences; organization of the Eurosafe European forum on the safety of nuclear facilities; development and validation of the Astec computer code for the simulation of nuclear accidents; evaluation report concerning the French-German EPR reactor project. (J.S.)

  9. Oil and international security: old and new issues; Petrole et securite internationale: de nouveaux enjeux

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Noel, P

    1998-09-01

    This paper questions the effectiveness of the link between international oil and (inter)national security. First, it explains an acknowledge the rise and decline of the traditional case of this link: the threat that so called ''oil dependence'' inflicts upon the national economy, hence the problem it raises for government. The reason for that decline is looked for in the emergence of multiple forms of competition in oil and energy markets, making the ''oil weapon'' less credible and its use less desirable and less possible. In oil like in any other commodity, the normal situation is the competition between suppliers for access to markets. For all basic economics tells us and experience has confirmed, analyses and policies (at least in France) are still strongly influenced by the ''oil security'' thinking shaped in the eve of the 1970 crises. Yet, those fallacies may be the strongest obstacle to the acknowledgment of the real oil security issues we face. The main one is the possible political destabilization of the Middle East due to oil competition between its members in an increasingly competitive world market. The consequences on regional antagonisms of the come back of Iraqi oil to the market on one hand, the internal stability of Iran and Saudi Arabia in a situation of lasting low oil revenues on the other hand, are reviewed as the main possible factors of regional destabilization in a context of strong competition in the world oil market. A large scale political burst with major oil producers concerned would certainly hurt developed and developing economy. That leads us to this paradoxical situation: the very cause of the decline of the traditional oil dependence issue is, due to Middle East situation, the main cause of possible destabilization of world oil market today. (author)

  10. International design competition. Formula student Germany; Internationaler Konstruktionswettbewerb. Formula Student Germany

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Liebl, Johannes; Siebenpfeiffer, Wolfgang (eds.)

    2011-11-15

    Within the International Design Competition 2011 at the Hockenheimring (Federal Republic of Germany) the following contributions were presented: (1) Formula Student Germany - Experience the Future (Tim Hannig); (2) Live at the Hockenheimring 2011; (3) Cutaway Model of the FSC Winning Car - The GFR11c by the Global Formula Racing Team of the DHBW Ravensburg; (4) Formula Student Racecar with Selective Cylinder Deactivation (Alexander Titz); (5) Construction of a crankshaft for the RS11 (Stefan Buhl); (6) The Wheel Design of the ARG 11 (Megan Rotondo); (7) Cutaway Model of the FSE Winning Car - The DUT11 by the DUT Racing Team of the Delft University of Technology; (8) Formula Student Electric - E-Scrutineering (Ann-Christin Bartoelke); (9) Development of an E-motor for Formular Student Electric (Urs Leuthold); (10) The Battery Management System of the FHWT04e (Andreas Hagemeyer); (11) Overall Results 2011 at a Glance; (12) Show your Colours; (13) Formula Student Germany visiting China (Alia Pierce).

  11. Diaspora et économie internationale: le cas des Sud-Africains d’origine indienne

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frédéric Landy

    2003-03-01

    Full Text Available L’Inde rêve que la diaspora indienne joue un rôle économique comparable à celui de la diaspora chinoise pour la Chine. En comparant trois cartes de la répartition mondiale des personnes d’origine indienne et des investissements internationaux, on constate que les pays à forte communauté indienne ne sont pas toujours des partenaires économiques majeurs de l’Inde. Celle-ci demeure une référence forte pour la diaspora, parfois très ancienne. Le cas de l’Afrique du Sud illustre bien la dissolution des liens matériels entre les personnes d’origine indienne et l’Inde, aggravée par la coupure de l’apartheid: la carte de l’Inde a souvent disparu des esprits, au profit d’une Inde bien plus abstraite.

  12. ifo Konjunkturprognose 2016–2018: Robuste deutsche Konjunktur vor einem Jahr ungewisser internationaler Wirtschaftspolitik

    OpenAIRE

    Wollmershäuser, Timo; Nierhaus, Wolfgang; Hristov, Nikolay; Boumans, Dorine; Garnitz, Johanna; Göttert, Marcell; Grimme, Christian; Lauterbacher, Stefan; Lehmann, Robert; Meister, Wolfgang; Reif, Magnus; Schröter, Felix; Steiner, Andreas; Stöckli, Marc; Klaus, Wohlrabe

    2016-01-01

    Am 16. Dezember 2016 stellte das ifo Institut seine Prognose für die Jahre 2016, 2017 und 2018 vor. Der robuste Aufschwung, in dem sich die deutsche Wirtschaft seit dem Jahr 2013 befindet, wird sich fortsetzen. In diesem Jahr ist mit einem Zuwachs des realen BIP von 1,9% zu rechnen. 2017 dürfte der Anstieg auf 1,5% zurückgehen, was jedoch nur auf eine im Vergleich zum Vorjahr geringere Anzahl von Arbeitstagen zurückzuführen ist. Im Jahr 2018 wird das reale BIP vor­aussichtlich um 1,7% expandi...

  13. Geen debat zonder publiek : het internationale debat over synthetische biologie ontleed

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Stemerding, D.; Est, van Q.C.

    2013-01-01

    Dit rapport brengt het internationaal opgekomen debat in kaart over synthetische biologie in vier verschillende landen: de Verenigde Staten, Nederland, het Verenigd Koninkrijk en Duitsland. De beschrijving richt zich op vier onderscheiden discoursen in maatschappelijke debatten over nieuwe

  14. REPORTING SOCIETAL : LIMITES ET ENJEUX DE LA PROPOSITION DE NORMALISATION INTERNATIONALE " GLOBAL REPORTING INITIATIVE "

    OpenAIRE

    Michel Capron; Françoise Quairel

    2003-01-01

    International audience; En s'inspirant de la normalisation comptable anglo-saxonne, la Global Reporting Initiative (GRI) propose un référentiel de publication volontaire d'informations sociétales. La transposition présente des limites qui rendent en fait ses principes inapplicables. Néanmoins il tend à s'imposer et les grandes entreprises peuvent y trouver le moyen d'éviter une régulation contraignante.

  15. Collaborer pour trouver des réponses — L'Initiative internationale ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    ailleurs incité l'Afrique du Sud à s'en inspirer pour lancer son propre programme de chaires de recherche en 2007. La directrice générale du Programme des chaires de recherche du Canada, Terry Campbell, explique que le ...

  16. International action strategies for the protection of the earth's atmosphere. Internationale Handlungsstrategien zum Schutz der Erdatmosphaere

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nachtigaeller, J [Deutsches Uebersee-Institut, Hamburg (Germany). Inst. fuer Allgemeine Ueberseeforschung

    1991-01-01

    The present three conventions - the already adopted convention for protection of the ozone layer, the convention as regards the abatement of trace gas pollution, and the convention for conserving the tropical woods, could all culminate in an international convention for protection of the earth's atmosphere, which would have to comprise comprehensive regulations for an international environment policy and an international environment fund. In addition, an international environment convention should have the aim of sustainable development in all countries, leaving living conditions intact, taking account of the requirements of future generations, and helping the Third World to overcome its poverty in particular. (orig./HSCH).

  17. Initiative internationale pour la transparence de l'aide (IITA) | CRDI ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Pour nous conformer au format commun utilisé dans le cadre de l'IITA, nous avons sauvegardé nos données en XML (Extensible Markup Language), et nous les conservons sur notre site web. Ces données peuvent aider à suivre, à analyser et à surveiller les activités de soutien à la recherche lorsqu'on les relie au dépôt ...

  18. Internationale Markteintrittsstrategien mittelgroßer Industrieunternehmen (MU) : am Beispiel deutscher Unternehmen in der VR China

    OpenAIRE

    Fu, Guichen

    2005-01-01

    Aufgrund der Globalisierung der Wirtschaft und der zunehmenden Bedeutung des chinesischen Marktes sind immer mehr Unternehmen mit Fragestellungen, welche die Wahl einer optimalen Markteintrittsstrategie für China betreffen, konfrontiert. Mit der vorliegenden Arbeit wurde der Versuch unternommen, auf Basis einer Kombination von Transaktionskostentheorie, Ressourcenansatz und standorttheoretischen Ansätzen ein Erklärungsmodell zur Entscheidungsunterstützung bei der Wahl der Markteintrittsstrate...

  19. Literaire levensaders : Internationale uitwisseling van woord, beeld en religie in de Republiek

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dietz, F.M.

    2012-01-01

    Literary Lifelines deals with the practice of interconfessional exchange in the literary domain of the Dutch Republic. In this study the degree of interconfessional exchange is measured by the production of illustrated religious literature, more specifically in the reception history of the Antwerp

  20. 7th international symposium on internal combustion diagnostics. Proceedings; 7. Internationales Symposium fuer Verbrennungsdiagnostik. Beitraege

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2006-07-01

    At one time combustion pressure indicating was the ''trigger'' for this symposium, and today it still serves as the basis for continued investigation of combustion phenomena. It now finds application throughout the development process, as more sophisticated analysis of conventional signals is possible. Understanding of localized combustion phenomena is substantially simplified by means of optical diagnostic methods, the application of which has reached a certain level of standardization. The presentations will cover specific topics including fuel spray analysis, ignition events and information about gas mixtures. The comparison and combination of results from measurement and simulation shed light on the complex processes in the combustion chamber. What's more, the linkage of two complementary methods offers substantial cost savings through reductions in test hardware and shorter development times. Focused application of all of the available tools allows us better to understand combustion processes, recognize the influential parameters and derive control algorithms. The latter are subsequently to be found in engines that fulfill both regulatory requirements and customer expectations. So it is that the symposium captures the current state of the art in combustion diagnostics through a combination of indicating, optical diagnostics and simulation, and offers both the methodology expert and the engine developer the ideal platform for discussion of today's issues - and to form their own opinions on them. Anyone wanting to keep up to date in this continuously developing and ever more complex area of activity certainly can't afford to miss our symposium. (orig.)

  1. International standard for the charging of electric vehicles; Internationaler Standard fuer das Laden von Elektrofahrzeugen - Schlussbericht

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mathoy, A.

    2001-12-15

    This final report for the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE) reports on the situation regarding the standardisation of battery charging systems for electric vehicles. The advantages of an international standard both for users and manufacturers of electrically-powered vehicles are discussed. The work done in the IEC and CENELEC technical committees is reviewed. Developments achieved since 1999 are reviewed and further developments and work to be done are examined. The most important points in the IEC standard 61851 are looked at and various connector interfaces are described. Direct and inductive charging systems according to IEC 61980 are examined and the special situation in Italy, where power available in homes for the charging of electrical vehicles is more limited, is reviewed.

  2. Proceedings of the 46th International Conference of SIEC (Societe' Internationale Pour L'Enseignement Commercial)

    Science.gov (United States)

    BACIE Journal, 1974

    1974-01-01

    The International Society for Business Education (SIEC) promotes closer links between commercial trainers and educators throughout the world. The BACIE-organized conference consisted of lectures and visits examining current trends and developments in the field and was attended by senior commercial trainers, teachers, and educators from 15…

  3. Anguishes caused by the nuclear threat. Results of international psychological research. Bedrohungsaengste. Ergebnisse internationaler psychologischer Forschung

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schmidt, F.; Boehnke, K. (Freie Univ. Berlin (Germany). Inst. fuer Allgemeine und Vergleichende Erziehungswissenschaft); Macpherson, M.J. (Freie Univ. Berlin (Germany))

    1990-04-01

    The conference of December 10th and 11th, 1987 dealt with life under the nuclear threat and the perspectives of pedagogic-psychological research. The individual contributions are in condensed form; they are discussed from the angle of how the psyche of individuals copes with military and non-military nuclear hazards. (DG).

  4. La conservation des ressources phytogéné-tiques : une préoccupation internationale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thomas Gass

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available Conservation of plant genetic resources: an international issue.This paper briefly reviews the activities of the organizations dealing with plant genetic resources conservation on the international level, with spécial référence to the European région. The initiatives of FAO within its Commission on Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture are described, in particular the formulation of an International Understanding and its révision in connexion with the Convention on Biological Diversity, the realization of a Report on the State of the World's Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture and the drafting of a Global Plan of Action. The role of technical coordination played at the global level by IPGRI is also explained, with a brief outline of its objectives. Regarding coopération within the European région, the European Coopérative Programme on Plant Genetic Resources Networks, ECP/GR, covers the arec of crop plants while EUFORGEN deals with forest genetic resources. Information is given on the organization of these programs, both of which are co-ordinated by IPGRI, and on the dialog between the European Commission and co-ordinators on plant genetic resources of member States of the European Union

  5. First international congress on plant oil fuels. Proceedings; Erster Internationaler Kongress zu Pflanzenoel-Kraftstoffen. Tagungsband

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2007-07-01

    The conference proceedings contain 31 contributions on the following topics: biofuels - status and perspectives; ecological evaluation; plant oils: engineering - production and quality; plant oils: international markets and economy; mobile applications - techniques and emissions; stationary applications: techniques and economy; the renewable energies law (EEG), the biofuel quoting law (BioKraftQuG) and the energy tax law (EnergieStG).

  6. Double Star Measurements at the Internationale Amateur Sternwarte (IAS) in Namibia in 2008 and 2009

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anton, Rainer

    2010-04-01

    A 40-cm-Cassegrain telescope in Namibia was used for observing double and multiple systems in the southern sky. Digital images were recorded with a CCD camera at high frame rates via a firewire interface directly in a computer. Measurements of 34 double and multiple systems are presented and compared with literature data. Some noteworthy objects are discussed in more detail.

  7. Double Star Measurements at the Internationale Amateur Sternwarte (IAS) in Namibia in 2009

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anton, Rainer

    2012-01-01

    This paper is a continuation of earlier work published in JDSO in 2010. Using a 40-cm-Cassegrain telescope in Namibia and a fast CCD camera, 87 double and multiple systems were recorded and analyzed with the technique of "lucky imaging". Measurements are compared with literature data. Some noteworthy systems are discussed in more detail.

  8. Met de besten vergelijkbaar? Internationale verschillen in sterfte rond de geboorte

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Achterberg PW; VTV

    2005-01-01

    Perinatal mortality in the Netherlands is higher by about a third than in Finland and Sweden, which are among the best countries in the world in this respect, while the Netherlands hovers around the European average. Dutch perinatal mortality has recently stabilised or slightly decreased, meaning

  9. International design competition - Formula student Germany; Internationaler Konstruktionswettbewerb - Formula Student Germany

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Basshuysen, R. van; Siebenpfeiffer, W. (eds.)

    2007-11-15

    Following its great success last year, Formula Student Germany made an even more impressive impact at the second competition held at the Hockenheimring in 2007. This time, 1400 students from 14 nations came together to present the results of their development work to 5000 visitors and sponsors. At the end, the competition was won by the team from the University of Stuttgart - and ATZ/MTZ would like to congratulate them on their victory. The special character of Formula Student, however, means that everyone has something to celebrate. The enthusiasm and commitment of the teams not only resulted in exciting racing cars and innovative overall designs but also in a fantastic atmosphere. (orig.)

  10. Le pavillon de l’Algérie à travers les expositions coloniales, internationales et universelles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sami Boufassa

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The pavilions architecture had a specific logic, closely linked to exhibitions. The supremacy of Algerian vernacular styles reveals the desire to show exotic and folk places. If the Neo Classical, Art Nouveau and Art Déco were strongly present on the Algerian territory, they were rarely exhibited indeed. In regards to that, this colonial society including its cultural and architectural specifities remained ignored. These observations represent the main topic in this work.

  11. Effective policy for sustainable behavior. An international comparison; Effectief beleid voor duurzaam gedrag. Een internationale vergelijking

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brunsting, S.; Uyterlinde, M.; Pol, M. [ECN Beleidsstudies, Petten (Netherlands); Breukers, S.; Mourik, R.; Backhaus, J.; Mathijsen, T. [DuneWorks, Eindhoven (Netherlands)

    2013-07-15

    This international comparative case study (the Netherlands, Germany, Sweden, United Kingdom) compares policy themes (household energy, food, mobility, household waste) and cases of interventions aims at more sustainable behaviours. It investigates how national policy can contribute to sustainable behaviour in these four themes. The study focuses on policy contexts and concrete 'best practice examples' (both policy -initiated and society-driven initiatives), paying attention to the extent to which social scientific insights have been utilised to conduct and evaluate the interventions. The conceptual approach in this study regards individual behaviour not in isolation but as embedded in institutional, social and physical contexts. In line with this, the evaluation of best practice examples focuses on how the following dimensions have been addressed in order to enable, support and sustain behavioural changes: the policy environment and institutional environment, individual behaviour, social norms a nd the physical environment. In this discussion, the Netherlands is both the starting point and the point of return, enabling us to draw lessons for Dutch policy. We conclude that a more proactive, dynamic and supportive role would fit national policy if it aims at encouraging the spread of more sustainable behaviours in society. Dutch policy could learn from the experiences of other countries and attempt at (among others): showing explicit commitment, connecting initiatives at different levels, and facilitating platforms for exchange of knowledge, experience and expertise, across sectors and departments, in order to arrive at a more integrated approach towards encouraging sustainable behaviours [Dutch] Als achtergrondstudie voor het advies Duurzame gedragspatronen zijn twee onderzoeken uitgevoerd naar effectief beleid voor duurzaam gedrag (1) in Nederland en (2) internationaal. De twee rapporten beschrijven een aantal beleidscases die vanuit gedragskundig perspectief geanalyseerd zijn. De bestudeerde thema's en de te analyseren beleidscases: Huishoudelijk energiegebruik: Blok voor blok/ Meer met Minder en energielabels voor woningen en huishoudelijke apparaten; Voedselconsumptie: smaaklessen en stadslandbouw; Persoonlijke mobiliteit: het nieuwe rijden en mobiliteitsmanagement (spitsmijden Noord-Brabant); Huishoudelijk afval: Plastic Heros en Diftar (gedifferentieerde afvaltarieven). Dit rapport is de thematische vergelijking voor Nederland, Duitsland, Sweden en het Verenigd Koninkrijk.

  12. Schatting van milieustress in vegetatie meetnetten: koppeling van Nederlandse aan internationale meetnetten

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dobben, van H.F.; Dueck, T.A.; Vries, de W.

    2007-01-01

    In dit rapport wordt een vergelijking gemaakt tussen de vegetatie meetnetten op nationale en Europese schaal. Voor alle meetnetten geldt dat het niet eenvoudig is eenduidig een effect van atmosferische depositie aan te tonen op grond van de thans beschikbare data. Echter vrijwel alle beschouwde

  13. The international regime for nuclear safety after Fukushima; Das internationale System nuklearer Sicherheit nach Fukushima

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Raetzke, Christian [CONLAR Consulting on Nuclear Law and Regulation, Leipzig (Germany)

    2014-05-15

    The Chernobyl catastrophe in 1986 lead to a new foundation of the international regime for nuclear safety: the 1994 Convention on Nuclear Safety introduced for the first time obligations on adhering states to adopt certain principles to achieve a high level of safety. The Convention, however, does not contain detailed standards, nor does it install a 'hard' mechanism for control and enforcement. While the system has undoubtedly lead to improvements in nuclear safety worldwide, it was not able to detect and remedy the deficiencies in the Japanese system. Ideas voiced immediately after the Fukushima accident to take a further decisive step towards a more stringent international system seemed not to be met with enthusiasm. The general tendency is to use the existing instruments and mechanisms in a more effective manner. However, very recently (in April 2014) the member states of the Convention on Nuclear Safety decided to stage a diplomatic conference with the aim to amend the Convention and to insert safety objectives. Time will eventually show whether this is a first, but decisive step towards the idea of an international system of mandatory and enforceable nuclear safety standards. (orig.)

  14. Politique internationale et défense au Canada et au Québec

    OpenAIRE

    Nossal, Kim Richard; Roussel, Stéphane; Paquin, Stéphane

    2018-01-01

    La politique étrangère et de défense du Canada a connu des changements de cap ces dernières années, s'adaptant aux nombreux événements qui ont marqué aussi bien le pays que le monde, en particulier la fin de la Guerre froide et les attentats du 11 septembre 2001. Ces transformations ont-elles des répercussions sur la nature de la tâche qui incombe à ceux qui dirigent la politique étrangère canadienne ? Quels sont les facteurs qui structurent le contenu et l'évolution des activités internation...

  15. Effective policy for sustainable behavior. An international comparison; Effectief beleid voor duurzaam gedrag. Een internationale vergelijking

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brunsting, S.; Uyterlinde, M.; Pol, M. [ECN Beleidsstudies, Petten (Netherlands); Breukers, S.; Mourik, R.; Backhaus, J.; Mathijsen, T. [DuneWorks, Eindhoven (Netherlands)

    2013-07-15

    This international comparative case study (the Netherlands, Germany, Sweden, United Kingdom) compares policy themes (household energy, food, mobility, household waste) and cases of interventions aims at more sustainable behaviours. It investigates how national policy can contribute to sustainable behaviour in these four themes. The study focuses on policy contexts and concrete 'best practice examples' (both policy -initiated and society-driven initiatives), paying attention to the extent to which social scientific insights have been utilised to conduct and evaluate the interventions. The conceptual approach in this study regards individual behaviour not in isolation but as embedded in institutional, social and physical contexts. In line with this, the evaluation of best practice examples focuses on how the following dimensions have been addressed in order to enable, support and sustain behavioural changes: the policy environment and institutional environment, individual behaviour, social norms a nd the physical environment. In this discussion, the Netherlands is both the starting point and the point of return, enabling us to draw lessons for Dutch policy. We conclude that a more proactive, dynamic and supportive role would fit national policy if it aims at encouraging the spread of more sustainable behaviours in society. Dutch policy could learn from the experiences of other countries and attempt at (among others): showing explicit commitment, connecting initiatives at different levels, and facilitating platforms for exchange of knowledge, experience and expertise, across sectors and departments, in order to arrive at a more integrated approach towards encouraging sustainable behaviours [Dutch] Als achtergrondstudie voor het advies Duurzame gedragspatronen zijn twee onderzoeken uitgevoerd naar effectief beleid voor duurzaam gedrag (1) in Nederland en (2) internationaal. De twee rapporten beschrijven een aantal beleidscases die vanuit gedragskundig perspectief geanalyseerd zijn. De bestudeerde thema's en de te analyseren beleidscases: Huishoudelijk energiegebruik: Blok voor blok/ Meer met Minder en energielabels voor woningen en huishoudelijke apparaten; Voedselconsumptie: smaaklessen en stadslandbouw; Persoonlijke mobiliteit: het nieuwe rijden en mobiliteitsmanagement (spitsmijden Noord-Brabant); Huishoudelijk afval: Plastic Heros en Diftar (gedifferentieerde afvaltarieven). Dit rapport is de thematische vergelijking voor Nederland, Duitsland, Sweden en het Verenigd Koninkrijk.

  16. De boycot beoordeeld : een ethische studie over de internationale dwangmaatregelen tegen Zuid-Afrika

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bakker, Robert Jan

    2007-01-01

    The boycott against apartheid-era South Africa was a matter of moral dispute. Were the international sanctions ethically justifiable as a means of opposing the system of racial separation? In this study, the requirements of the just war theory form the framework for answering this question.

  17. Hooligans, fans en fanatisme : Een internationale vergelijking van club- en supportersculturen

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Spaaij, Ramón

    2008-01-01

    Supportersgeweld rond voetbalwedstrijden is geregeld aanleiding tot aanzienlijke maatschappelijke verontwaardiging. Dit boek plaatst hooliganisme en de bestrijding ervan in een internationaal vergelijkend perspectief. Het beschrijft de aard en ontwikkeling van hooliganisme bij zes West-Europese

  18. 7th international symposium on internal combustion diagnostics. Proceedings; 7. Internationales Symposium fuer Verbrennungsdiagnostik. Beitraege

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2006-07-01

    At one time combustion pressure indicating was the ''trigger'' for this symposium, and today it still serves as the basis for continued investigation of combustion phenomena. It now finds application throughout the development process, as more sophisticated analysis of conventional signals is possible. Understanding of localized combustion phenomena is substantially simplified by means of optical diagnostic methods, the application of which has reached a certain level of standardization. The presentations will cover specific topics including fuel spray analysis, ignition events and information about gas mixtures. The comparison and combination of results from measurement and simulation shed light on the complex processes in the combustion chamber. What's more, the linkage of two complementary methods offers substantial cost savings through reductions in test hardware and shorter development times. Focused application of all of the available tools allows us better to understand combustion processes, recognize the influential parameters and derive control algorithms. The latter are subsequently to be found in engines that fulfill both regulatory requirements and customer expectations. So it is that the symposium captures the current state of the art in combustion diagnostics through a combination of indicating, optical diagnostics and simulation, and offers both the methodology expert and the engine developer the ideal platform for discussion of today's issues - and to form their own opinions on them. Anyone wanting to keep up to date in this continuously developing and ever more complex area of activity certainly can't afford to miss our symposium. (orig.)

  19. Favoriser l’entrepreneuriat par l’éducation : une priorité internationale

    OpenAIRE

    Minichiello, Federica

    2016-01-01

    L’éducation peut-elle favoriser l’esprit d’entreprise ? Selon le CEDEFOP, les étudiants qui bénéficient, durant leur scolarité, d’une action de sensibilisation à l’entrepreneuriat ont plus de probabilité de créer, plus tard, leur société : quatre à cinq fois plus que le reste de la population. En 2013, le plan Entrepreneuriat 2020 « Raviver l’esprit d’entreprise en Europe » présentait l’éducation à l’entrepreneuriat comme « l’un des investissements les plus rentables » face à un contexte de c...

  20. Investments and price formation in a liberalized electric power market; Investering og prisdannelse pae et liberaliseret elmarked

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Morthorst, P.E.

    2005-05-01

    How will the electric power prices in the Nordic electric power market develop if the generation capacity in the coming 10 to 15 years is increased considerably? And what are the conditions for investors to initiate new investments in power plants? Briefly speaking - these are the issues for the project that is reported in this report. The basis for the project has been the Nordic electric power market model and its capability to handle the future extension of the necessary generating capacity. The main issue in the project has been a quantitative analysis of what the prices in the Nordic electric power market will be in the future, depending on the size of new investments in the power generating capacity. Using the Balmorel model, a basic scenario until the year 2020 is made which contains the present decisions about capacity extension only. Up to 2010 this basic scenario can be seen as a probable development. For the period 2010 to 2020, however, the calculations can primarily be seen as illustrations of how the prices may develop, provided that no further investments are made. Thus, for the period 2010 - 2020 it is a 'worst case' that has been analysed. In the basic scenario several cases for the year 2015 are analysed, among others the consequences of wet and dry years and an unusually cold winter. The project also analyses how the price development impacts the profitability of new investments in power capacity, depending on several exogenous events, like use of more wind power and the price on the carbon dioxide market. The analyses present three cases: 1) A single investor not owing other power plants, 2) a single investor owing a number of power plants in which case a new plant will compete with him self, 3) two competing investors investing in the same known power plants. In all cases investments are made in a natural gas combined cycle plant producing both electric power and heat. Furthermore, the investor's own possibility to time his investment has been quantified, i.e. at which time investments will be optimum. (LN)

  1. Performance of Cement-Based Materials in Aggressive Aqueous Environments State-of-the-Art Report, RILEM TC 211 - PAE

    CERN Document Server

    Bertron, Alexandra; Belie, Nele

    2013-01-01

    Concrete and cement-based materials must operate in increasingly aggressive aqueous environments, which may be either natural or industrial.  These materials may suffer degradation in which ion addition and/or ion exchange reactions occur, leading to a breakdown of the matrix microstructure and consequent weakening.  Sometimes this degradation can be extremely rapid and serious such as in acidic environments, while in other cases degradation occurs over long periods.  Consequences of material failure are usually severe – adversely affecting the health and well-being of human communities and disturbing ecological balances. There are also large direct costs of maintaining and replacing deteriorated infrastructure and indirect costs from loss of production during maintenance work, which place a great burden on society. The focus of this book is on addressing issues concerning performance of cement-based materials in aggressive aqueous environments , by way of this State-of-the-Art Report. The book represe...

  2. Investments and price formation in a liberalized electric power market. Appendices; Investering og prisdannelse pae et liberaliseret elmarked. Bilag

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Morthorst, P.E.

    2005-05-01

    How will the electric power prices in the Nordic electric power market develop if the generation capacity in the coming 10 to 15 years is increased considerably? And what are the conditions for investors to initiate new investments in power plants? Briefly speaking - these are the issues for the project that is reported in this report. The basis for the project has been the Nordic electric power market model and its capability to handle the future extension of the necessary generating capacity. The main issue in the project has been a quantitative analysis of what the prices in the Nordic electric power market will be in the future, depending on the size of new investments in the power generating capacity. The appendix volume of the project report contains detailed descriptions of the three models that are used: the Balmorel model, the investment model, and the MARS model. The Balmorel model is a partial equilibrium model that describes a coherent, international electric power system and combined heat and power system. The model was developed in 2000 through international co-operation with the aim to have a model for analysing international aspects in the Baltic area. The investment model analyses and models the investment decisions in a liberalized Nordic electric power market. It is an exogenous model constructed outside the Balmorel model but uses the price pictures from the Balmorel model as input. MARS (MARket Simulation) is Eltra's (a Danish electric power transmission company) market model for simulating prices, production, demand and exchanges in the power market. The model covers the Nordic countries (Nord Pool) and Northern Germany. (LN)

  3. The energy consumption of households - technical and social explanations of variations; Boligers energiforbrug - sociale og tekniske forklaringer pae forskelle

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gram-Hansen, K

    2003-07-01

    It is well known that the amount of energy consumed in different households varies greatly with respect to both heat and electricity. Previous research has focused on either technical or social explanations for this and the social explanations have focused on the big variations between social groups. In contrast to this, the aim of this project has been to explain differences in energy consumption between quite similar households and to seek social and technical explanations. Seven high-dense, low-rise neighbourhoods in the municipality of Albertslund have been investigated. The eco-account of the municipality shows large variations in the level of energy consumption both between households in the same neighbourhood and between the neighbourhoods. Noticeably larger heat consumption was found in neighbourhoods with rented apartments rather than with owner-occupied apartments. On this background the aim of this project has been: To explore technical and social explanations for large variations in energy consumption in similar neighbourhoods; To investigate connections between technical and social explanations; To point to relevant strategies concerning behaviour and lifestyle to reduce energy consumption. To answer these questions several investigations were carried out in the seven neighbourhoods including computer calculations of the buildings' heat loss, a survey among 500 residents, qualitative interviews with ten families and detailed measures of the indoor climate in thirty households. Based on the results the following strategies to reduce energy consumption are formulated: Emphasising positive aspect of a modest life to promote families with a saving attitude to stick to this in spite of societal pressure for increased consumption; Continuing information strategies towards a more environmentally sound behaviour, bur with greater emphasis on reducing consumption than on the attitude towards environment; Concerning new information technologies, technology development has to be linked together with the use phase and the removal phase; Campaigns explaining that hygiene is good, but more hygiene is not better. (BA)

  4. Mis on väikese linna avalik ruum? = What is public space in a small city? / Kaja Pae

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pae, Kaja

    2011-01-01

    24. ja 25. novembril 2009 toimunud Rakvere linnafoorum keskendus linna avalikule ruumile. Rakveres elamise headest külgedest ja linna puudustest (Rakvere linna mainekujunduskampaania alusuuring. Emor, 2004). Virumaa pealinna staatuse nihkumisest

  5. The energy consumption of households - technical and social explanations of variations; Boligers energiforbrug - sociale og tekniske forklaringer pae forskelle

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gram-Hansen, K.

    2003-07-01

    It is well known that the amount of energy consumed in different households varies greatly with respect to both heat and electricity. Previous research has focused on either technical or social explanations for this and the social explanations have focused on the big variations between social groups. In contrast to this, the aim of this project has been to explain differences in energy consumption between quite similar households and to seek social and technical explanations. Seven high-dense, low-rise neighbourhoods in the municipality of Albertslund have been investigated. The eco-account of the municipality shows large variations in the level of energy consumption both between households in the same neighbourhood and between the neighbourhoods. Noticeably larger heat consumption was found in neighbourhoods with rented apartments rather than with owner-occupied apartments. On this background the aim of this project has been: To explore technical and social explanations for large variations in energy consumption in similar neighbourhoods; To investigate connections between technical and social explanations; To point to relevant strategies concerning behaviour and lifestyle to reduce energy consumption. To answer these questions several investigations were carried out in the seven neighbourhoods including computer calculations of the buildings' heat loss, a survey among 500 residents, qualitative interviews with ten families and detailed measures of the indoor climate in thirty households. Based on the results the following strategies to reduce energy consumption are formulated: Emphasising positive aspect of a modest life to promote families with a saving attitude to stick to this in spite of societal pressure for increased consumption; Continuing information strategies towards a more environmentally sound behaviour, bur with greater emphasis on reducing consumption than on the attitude towards environment; Concerning new information technologies, technology development has to be linked together with the use phase and the removal phase; Campaigns explaining that hygiene is good, but more hygiene is not better. (BA)

  6. The Danish government's climate plan. Towards a society without greenhouse gases; Regeringens klimaplan. Pae vej mod et samfund uden drivhusgasser

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2013-08-15

    The Danish government's goal is to reduce greenhouse gas emissions with 40% by the year 2020, compared to 1990 levels. A major step towards reaching that goal was accomplished in March 2012, with the political agreement on energy policy. The remaining reductions to achieve the goal will come primarily from the transportation, agriculture and construction sectors, and from waste management. In order to reach the government's goal, we must eliminate the equivalent of approximately four million tonnes of CO{sub 2} emissions by 2020. Reaching the goal in 2020 also depends on factors such as the economy as we progress toward 2020, as well as on EU climate policy. The government will continue to work proactively to ensure that ambitious climate and energy policies are pursued by the EU. The EU policies will contribute significantly in order to achieve the national objectives. The government will engage in a dialogue with parliament, business society and civil society to discuss what kind of national policy initiatives to be decided on to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The government will introduce a climate change bill during the upcoming session of parliament. The purpose of this upcoming bill is to ensure progress and transparency in the climate policy development. The bill will include requirements for an annual climate policy progress report to show whether Denmark is on track to meet the goal of a 40% reduction in greenhouse gases by 2020. As part of its work on the climate policy plan, an inter-ministerial working group has developed a catalogue of about 80 possible climate policy initiatives to address climate change. These policy proposals, along with the proposed legislation, will be the government's main instruments in the coming years in order to continuously monitor and adjust its climate policy. (Author)

  7. Analysis of the competition on the retail market for electric power; Analyse af konkurrencen pae detailmarkedet for el

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2012-10-15

    This year it is almost ten years ago, that it was made possible for all electricity consumers to choose their supplier. Specifically, this was done by changes in the Electricity Supply Act, whereby increased competition was designated as the central means of achieving the energy policy objectives of security of supply, economics, environment, and consumer protection. The retail electricity market's turnover today is approx. 43 billion. DKK, but it is expected to grow significantly in the coming years because consumers are increasingly expected to use electricity from renewable energy for heating and transport. It is obvious that it is also for this reason essential to the economy that competition in the retail market works as well as possible. In practice, competition as an instrument is aimed at production and retail sales in the electricity market, with the significant exception that the smaller consumers are protected by both the competition itself as well as by the special supply regulation. The protective supply regulation means that a majority of consumers and small and medium-sized enterprises do not have sufficient incentive to trade electricity on the free market, which in turn means that there is not exercised pressure on suppliers that can lead to innovation, product development, or to provide electricity at the lowest possible prices. The Secretariat of the Danish Energy Regulatory Authority has against this background made an in-depth analysis of the competition in the retail market for electricity and for the general supply regulation. The analysis shows that there are a number of barriers that stand in the way of effective competition in the retail market, and thus of fostering innovation, product development and potential improvements in infrastructure. The Danish government and parliament have taken a number of initiatives that remove some of the barriers. But challenges still remain. They all originate from inertia and low mobility at customer level. The overall conclusion is that it is doubtful whether the necessary product development and innovation at the lowest possible electricity prices may be encouraged with the current regulation of the power supply. (LN)

  8. The normative power of the international commission of radiation protection on the approval of the international and communal jurisprudence; Le pouvoir normatif de la commission internationale de protection radiologique a l'epreuve de la jurisprudence internationale et communautaire

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lajoinie, O

    2006-01-15

    From an original synthesis of the jurisprudence given by the regular control agency of the international work organization concerning the Convention OIT 115 relative to the protection of workers against the ionizing radiations, as well as an alternative analysis of a communal jurisprudence (CJCE, C-376/90, 25 November 1992: Commission of the European Communities against the Belgium kingdom), this work aims to bring a new way to see the power that exerts a non governmental organization with a scientific character: the International Commission for Radiologic Protection (ICRP) when it gives its 'recommendations'. (O.M.)

  9. Le Rapport langue-culture dans les organisations internationales: Pour Une Sociologie des organisations internationales (The Relationship between Language and Culture in International Organizations: Toward a Sociology of International Organizations).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jastrab de Saint Robert, de Marie-Josee

    1988-01-01

    Understanding the work of international organizations requires an understanding of the relationship between language and culture, a relationship evident in the activities of the international organizations. This relationship is partly responsible for the negative image of such organizations. Research in the sociology of international organizations…

  10. 33{sup rd} international Vienna motor symposium. Vol. 2. Second day; 33. internationales Wiener Motorensymposium. Bd. 2. Zweiter Tag

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lenz, Hans Peter (comp.)

    2012-11-01

    This two-volume report makes the presentations of the 33{sup rd} International Vienna Motor Symposium (April 26-27, 2012) available to a wider audience. The objective of the Vienna Motor Symposia is to examine current topics of particular interest. Among others, the work examines the above mentioned topics. Included is a CD-ROM containing the presentations in their original form and in English translation. Edited by Univ.-Prof. Dr. techn. Dipl.-Ing. H.P. Lenz, VDI, Chairman of the OeVK (Austrian Society of Automotive Engineers, Vienna).

  11. 33{sup rd} international Vienna motor symposium. Vol. 1. First day; 33. internationales Wiener Motorensymposium. Bd. 1. Erster Tag

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lenz, Hans Peter (comp.)

    2012-11-01

    This two-volume report makes the presentations of the 33{sup rd} International Vienna Motor Symposium (April 26-27, 2012) available to a wider audience. The objective of the Vienna Motor Symposia is to examine current topics of particular interest. Among others, the work examines the above mentioned topics. Included is a CD-ROM containing the presentations in their original form and in English translation. Edited by Univ.-Prof. Dr. techn. Dipl.-Ing. H.P. Lenz, VDI, Chairman of the OeVK (Austrian Society of Automotive Engineers, Vienna).

  12. 34{sup th} international Vienna motor symposium. Vol. 2. Second day; 34. Internationales Wiener Motorensymposium. Bd. 2. Zweiter Tag

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lenz, Hans Peter (comp.)

    2013-08-01

    This two-volume report makes the presentations of the 34th International Vienna Motor Symposium (April 25-26, 2013) available to a wider audience. The objective of the Vienna Motor Symposia is to examine current topics of particular interest. Among others, the work examines the above mentioned topics. Included is a CD-ROM containing the presentations in their original form and in English translation. Edited by Univ.-Prof. Dr. techn. Dipl.-Ing. H. P. Lenz, VDI, Chairman of the OeVK (Austrian Society of Automotive Engineers, Vienna).

  13. 34{sup th} international Vienna motor symposium. Vol. 1. First day; 34. Internationales Wiener Motorensymposium. Bd. 1. Erster Tag

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lenz, Hans Peter (comp.)

    2013-08-01

    This two-volume report makes the presentations of the 34th International Vienna Motor Symposium (April 25-26, 2013) available to a wider audience. The objective of the Vienna Motor Symposia is to examine current topics of particular interest. Among others, the work examines the above mentioned topics. Included is a CD-ROM containing the presentations in their original form and in English translation. Edited by Univ.-Prof. Dr. techn. Dipl.-Ing. H. P. Lenz, VDI, Chairman of the OeVK (Austrian Society of Automotive Engineers, Vienna).

  14. Tendances récentes des échanges commerciaux internationaux et des négociations internationales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christophe Bellmann

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available En 2009, les échanges commerciaux internationaux ont été dominés par la crise financière et économique la plus importante depuis plusieurs années. La production mondiale a reculé, tout comme le volume des échanges commerciaux internationaux. Malgré leur absence de responsabilité dans cette crise, les pays en développement les plus pauvres ont aussi été les plus affectés. La Chine, le Brésil et l’Inde ont vu leurs exportations diminuer d’un quart à un tiers au cours du second semestre 2008, mais les pays ne faisant pas partie du groupe des 20 premiers pays en développement exportateurs ont été encore plus touchés. Le commerce et le PIB recommencent à croître, mais certains économistes s’attendent à une récession à double creux. Si le chômage continue d’augmenter, il se pourrait que les gouvernements aient plus de mal à résister aux pressions protectionnistes. Concernant les négociations à l’OMC, la crise est à double tranchant. Les gouvernements font face à des préoccupations plus immédiates, mais la crise a fait renaître le spectre du protectionnisme, rendant un accord commercial d’autant plus nécessaire. Le groupe des 20 premières économies du monde (G-20 a appelé à la conclusion du Cycle de Doha en 2010. Reste à savoir si ces promesses porteront leurs fruits. Le nombre d’accords bilatéraux continue de croître – la Suisse y participe d’ailleurs avec enthousiasme. Certains de ces accords ont été critiqués notamment parce qu’ils contiennent des obligations qui vont au-delà de celles prescrites par l’OMC, en particulier dans le domaine de la propriété intellectuelle. En attendant, il est tout à fait raisonnable de dire que le programme du Cycle de Doha ne reflète pas de nombreux problèmes actuels, en particulier la question des changements climatiques. Alors que les Etats-Unis et l’UE menacent d’imposer des droits de douane sur les importations en provenance d’économies émergentes ne disposant pas de plafond d’émissions de CO2, il est clair que les gouvernements doivent trouver un moyen de discuter des nouveaux défis auxquels l’économie mondiale doit faire face.

  15. Production structure and international competition position of the German environmental protection economy; Produktionsstruktur und internationale Wettbewerbsposition der deutschen Umweltschutzwirtschaft

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Legler, Harald; Schasse, Ulrich [Niedersaechsisches Institut fuer Wirtschaftsforschung e.V., Hannover (Germany)

    2009-06-15

    There exists a connection between the economic structural orientation and international competitiveness on the one hand as well as the environmental political requirements on the other hand. The environmental protection economy fits quite well the profile that Germany is demanded in the international change. Under this aspect, the authors of the contribution under consideration report on the production structure and on the international competition position of the German environmental protection economy. The authors report on (a) the production structure and production dynamics of the environmental protection industry; (b) German environmental protection economy in the international comparison; (c) Goods, building works and services for environmental protection in Germany.

  16. Prime Contract Awards Alphabetically by Contractor, by State or Country, and Place. Part 1 (101 International-Allied Signal Inc)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-01-01

    C3 I’l- (D m cn ’t C14 r- In -I r c,) r- r-- c> r-- " cj -4 in tD I-- cy) a) In -T -4 to I rj it (74 -It 0 m t Cl) r- -4 -1 11 m (71) f- C1.1 * lr In t...4-4 -4---4 "’ -. ICL,_ 400 40 a Z o InZ -0 02zz LA- LAL uI, LI L, ,L L . 4BD . 110 (1 ( 0 0> 0 0 Q-JIf 𔃾(1 𔃺- C(1( LA - r l) D-4 -44 m-4 00 LA-I...It co 00 a (D (D C> C\\j c"I c"I M C1) U’) (D CD to C,4 C> 0 C> Cj 1 C) (D C, 11 C., 0 r, CY) Of In M CMD M> In < M < r" -4 -1 -4 tD C> C. C) (JO (D C

  17. International scientific conference biogas science 2009. Vol. 2. Lectures; Internationale Wissenschaftstagung Biogas Science 2009. Bd. 2. Vortraege

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2009-12-15

    Within the international conference of the Bavarian State Research Center for Agriculture (Munich, Federal Republic of Germany) at 2nd to 4th December, 2009, in Erding (Federal Republic of Germany), the following lectures were held: (1) Design and application of a functional oligonucleotide microarray for the identification of cellulose genes and their expression in (different) biogas Fermenters (M. Engel et al.); (2) Evaluation of the potential of hygienisation of the biogas process with regard to phytogenic damage exciter (R. Friedrich et al.); (3) Prevalence and role of hydrolytic bacteria in mesophilic and thermophilic biogas reactors (V.V. Zverlov et al.); (4) System analysis of biogas plants by means of microbiologic and molecular biologic methods: Comparison of hyperthermophilic (60 C) and thermophilic (55 C) (P. Scherer et al.); (5) Methanogenic archaea in agricultural biogas plants (E. Nettmann et al.); (6) Population dynamics of methanogens during acidification of biogas Fermenters fed with maize silage - a causal analysis (M. Lebuhn et al.); (7) Advanced interpretation of anaerobic batch tests - Conclusions for the practical operation (S. Meier et al.); (8) Development of a NIRS calibration for the determination of the biogas yield of maize (B. Darnhofer et al.); (9) Hydrogen and methane: Enhanced methane as well as hydrogen production and increased process stability by Sensorik control (N. Weran); (10) Stable carbon isotopes: A new laser method for the process analysis and identification of microbiologic reactions in the biogas process (S. Laukenmann et al.); (11) Biogas from grass silage - measurements and modelling (K. Koch et al.); (12) Mathematical modelling of the mesophilic and thermophilic anaerobe fermentation of maize silage (M. Luebken et al.); (13) The basket of benefit methodology as a tool for the comparison of electricity, heat, and fuel production from energy crops, exemplified by different utilization pathways for biogas (M. Bystricky et al.); (14) Greenhouse gas balance of bio-methane - which substrates are suitable? (K. Arnold); (15) Emissions of climate gas and consumption of resources of practice biogas plants (H. Bachmeier et al.); (16) Investigation of emissions of greenhouse gases in the generation of biogas from renewable raw materials (J. Clemens et al.); (17) Potentials of biogas production in the Serbian province Wojwodina and fundamentals of the economic foundation (M. Tesic et al.); (18) Energy assessment and life cycle assessment of different paths of conversion of energy crops to biogas or bioethanol, respectively (B. Schumacher et al.).

  18. 4th international exhaust gas and particulate emissions forum. Proceedings; 4. internationales FORUM Abgas- und Partikelemissionen. Beitraege

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2006-07-01

    Lectures of the conference addressed the following topics: European and US American pollution regulations, particulate measuring systems, emission factors for vehicles, particulate emission abatement through simulation and optimization, selective catalytic reduction in heavy duty diesel trucks, filters, combustion properties, performance assessment, contribution of biofuels. (uke)

  19. XX international {mu}-symposium - Brake conference. Papers; XX Internationales {mu}-Symposium - Bremsen-Fachtagung. Betraege

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Breuer, B. [ed.] [Verein Deutscher Ingenieure (VDI), Darmstadt (Germany); Bauer, E. (comp.) [TMD Friction GmbH, Leverkusen (Germany)

    2000-07-01

    This year, more brake experts from the international automotive community than ever will take part in the XXth {mu}-Symposium upon the invitation of TMD Friction and learn about the latest developments in their professional fields, discuss with each other, and listen in the opening speech to the viewpoints of a behavioural scientist on braking as the main focus of {mu}-Symposium and {mu}-Club. The contents of this {mu}-Symposium will be the following: Braking from the behavioural scientist's viewpoint/research on tribological characteristics between Al-MMC brake disc and friction material/SBC - the electro-hydraulic brake system from Mercedes-Benz/total chassis management - heading for the intelligent chassis/TMD Friction - a company profile. (orig./AKF) [German] Bremsenexperten der internationalen Automobilwelt trafen sich im Herbst 2000 zum zwanzigsten Mal auf Einladung von TMD Friction in Bad Neuenahr. Dieser Bericht fasst - jeweils in deutsch und englisch - die Vortraege ueber neueste Entwicklungen aus Industrie und Hochschule zusammen. Im Einfuehrungsvortrag berichtet ein Verhaltenswissenschaftler ueber seine Gedanken zum Bremsen als dem Hauptgegenstand von {mu}-Symposium und {mu}-Club. Ferner gehoeren die Praesentation des elektrohydraulischen Bremssystems ebenso zum Programm des Symposiums wie die Vorstellung von Forschungsergebnissen neuer Reibpaarungen und der Blick auf die Zukunft des Fahrwerks im Verbund mit Fahrzeugregelsystemen. (orig./AKF)

  20. International symposium on the history of mining and metallurgy. Internationales Symposium zur Geschichte des Bergbaus und Huettenwesens

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Waechtler, E; Engewald, G R [eds.

    1980-01-01

    The VII. International Symposium took place in Freiberg and Reinsberg, in the German Democratic Republic, from September 4-8, 1978. The Symposium was organized by the Executive Committee of the International Committee on the History of Technology (ICOHTEC) and was attended by 77 participants from 14 countries in Eastern and Western Europe as well as USA and Canada. A total of 51 papers were published and 30 talks were held and analyzed in discussions. The papers dealt with selected topics on the history of the mining and metallurgical industries, primarily from the fifteenth century to the twentieth century. The topics concern the development of science, of new mining and metallurgical equipment and processes, innovation in mines, increase in productivity, improvement in working conditions, economic progress and economic crisis, social aspects of the labor force and trade union movements in major mining countries. An excursion to a brown coal surface mine was organized in conjunction with the Symposium. (In German)

  1. BOOK REVIEW: Astronomie von Olbers bis Schwarzschild. Nationale Entwicklungen und internationale Beziehungen im 19. Jahrhundert (Acta Historica Astronomiae Vol. 16)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sterken, C.; Dick, W. R.; Hamel, J.

    2002-12-01

    The 14th volume of the Acta Historica Astronomiae is the Proceedings of a Colloquium International Relationships in Astronomy (in German) organised by the History of Astronomy Section of the Astronomische Gesellschaft held on September 18 in Lilienthal, Germany. The book contains 13 articles on astronomical topics covering the 19th and 20th centuries. The first paper is by Guenther Oestmann and deals with contemporary assessments of Johann Hieronymus Schroeter's (1745-1816) astronomical works and with later judgements of the scientific importance and significance of his observations as seen by astronomers and historians. This report is complemented by a second article on Schroeter's 25-ft reflector in Lilienthal near Bremen. To this end, author Felix Luehning has constructed a scale model of the telescope, and shows how the building of a model brings a deeper understanding of function and handling of this instrument. This brings us to a third paper on telescope building in Lilienthal: Hans-Joachim Leue describes the cooperation of Johann Hieronymus Schroeter and Johann Gottlieb Schrader in developing a white reflecting metal alloy for use as telescope mirror. The fourth article, by Klaus Schillinger, describes on the basis of archival documents the aquisition history of the Herschel telescopes, including telescope quality check, repair and building. Memorial sites referring to Wilhelm Olbers, Johann Hieronymus Schroeter, Friedrich Wilhelm Bessel and Carl Friedrich Gauss are described by Arno Langkavel in two walks outlined in the very last paper of this book. Peter Brosche, in the fifth paper, discusses the rediscovery of Ceres in December1801, a discovery that was the result of the combined efforts of a theoretician (Gauss) and an observer (Zach). Juergen Hamel's paper is based on previously unused archival sources and discusses the outstanding role played by H. C. Schumacher (1780-1850, editor of the Astronomische Nachrichten) in the communication between astronomers in his days, when his working place at Altona still belonged to the kingdom of Denmark. This paper is followed by a second one by the same author and deals with the correspondence of H. C. Schumacher and H C. Oersted (1777-1851) and shows how intense and diverse their cooperation was. In a subsequent paper, Wolfgang Kokott describes the role of the Astronomisches Jahrbuch (published from 1776 by the Royal Academy of Sciences at Berlin), a ranking international publication, with Bode's modest Berlin Observatory serving as a clearinghouse of information originating from virtually all European countries. "Karl Schwarzschild and the professionalisation of Astrophysics" is the title of Theodor Schmidt-Kaler's contribution and presents Schwarzschild's contributions to professionalization of astronomy: establishment of course lectures and a permanent astrophysical laboratory, a tight connection between teaching and research, stimulations and suggestions for astronomy at high school and for the formation of high school teachers, international organisation, and the planning of a southern observatory. Peter Habison describes the contribution of Leo de Ball (1853-1916, Director of the Kuffner Observatory in Vienna) to international astronomy. Internationalization in astronomy is also discussed in a following paper by Gudrun Wolfschmidt on the establishment of the Vereinigte Astronomische Gesellschaft, the international Astronomische Gesellschaft in 1863 and finally the International Astronomical Union in 1919. In the second but last paper of the book, Hilmar Duerbeck describes the history of the Chilean National Observatory, beginning with its origins out of Gilliss' US Naval Expedition to the Southern Hemisphere in 1849, over its directors Moesta, Vergara, Obrecht and Ristenpart, to the middle of the 20th century. The paper also includes the astronomical development at the Universidad Catolica and various international expeditions, which aimed at the observations of solar eclipses, the Venus transit of 1882, and the Mars opposition of 1907. An overview of the evolution and the actual state of the international observatories Cerro Tololo, La Silla and Paranal, as well as Las Campanas is also given.

  2. The Nordic Countries interests in principles for international greenhouse gas agreements; Nordens interesser i principper for internationale drivhusgasaftaler

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Halsnaes, K.; Meyer, H.; Stephensen, P.; Soerensen, L.

    1995-01-01

    The focus of this report is the interests of the Nordic countries in international agreements on greenhouse gases. The subject is approached mainly from an economic point of view. Introductory, the climate convention are described, with special attention to obligations to emission reductions. Important discussion points are timing of the reductions as well as the question of meeting the reductions by cooperation with other countries through joint-implementation projects. The different attitudes of the Nordic countries to these issues are discussed. In the following, the technical and economic possibilities for meeting the reduction objectives of each country are described. For this purpose, governmental plans and studies (on bottom-up as well as top-down studies) are brought into focus. A discussion of the differences and similarities of the methodology of the studies are carried out. Finally, the report focuses on costs of reducing emissions in the Nordic countries. A comparison between the different Nordic countries, as well as between the Nordic countries and the other OECD countries is done. The analysis points out, that the Nordic countries are characterized by relatively high costs in general. Another conclusion is, that the costs of reduction after the year 2000/2005 are much lower than costs of reductions in the short run. An exception to this is Denmark. This points out, that some Nordic countries prefer emission reductions through joint-implementation projects in other countries, rather than reductions through restrictive agreements in the sort run. (au) (29 tabs., 28 ills., 45 refs.)

  3. International scientific conference biogas science 2009. Vol. 1. Lectures; Internationale Wissenschaftstagung Biogas Science 2009. Bd. 1. Vortraege

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2009-12-15

    Within the international conference of the Bavarian State Research Center for Agriculture (Munich, Federal Republic of Germany) at 2nd to 4th December, 2009, in Erding (Federal Republic of Germany), the following lectures were held: (1) Significance of the sector biogas within the scope of renewable energies (P. Schuesseler); (2) Anaerobic digestion, a superior renewable energy degradation method (G. Lettinga); (3) Trends of the biogas technology - Challenges for the practice (J. Pellmeyer); (4) Extensification of cultivation procedures for the production of biogas substrates (K. Deiglmayer et al.); (5) Approaches for the optimization of crop rotations for biogas plants at Bavarian conditions of cultivation (E. Sticksel et al.); (6) Development and comparison of site specific production systems for energy crops (Ch. Strauss et al.); (7) Which type of maize is useful for the production of biogas? (B. Eder et al.); (8) Fermentation of interim fruits, food stocks and residues of harvest: Review on the possibilities of power generation and avoidance of direct and indirect emissions of climatic gases (W. Stinner et al.); (9) Optimization of anaerobic fermentation by means of mineral additives (H. Heuwinkel et al.); (10) The accuracy of the measurement of gas yields of substrates using the batch method (H. Heuwinkel et al.); (11) Combined mechanical-enzymatic pre-treatment of an improved digestion of substrates during the fermentation of renewable raw materials (D. Schiedr et al.); (12) Anaerobic semi-continuous co-digestion of dairy cattle manure and agricultural residues: Effect of operational parameters (E. Alkaya et al.); (13) Do hydrolytic enzymes enhance methane formation of agricultural feedstock? (T. Suarez Quinones et al.); (14) DAUMEN-Energy ''Design fo Separation and Augmented Methanisation of Fibres Substrates - Contribution to sustainable biogas production'' (P. Stopp et al.); (15) Continuous two-phase solid-state anaerobic digestion: Model-based optimisation (J. Mumme et al.); (16) Investigations according to a comparison of material and energy flows of biogas plants for the fermentation of renewable raw materials (V. Aschmann et al.); (17) Problem of emissions and energy efficiency of biogas operated cogeneration plants during the lifetime (T. Lehmann); (18) Biogas plant construction - the digestion is decisive, new results according to bioextrusion (K.D.N. Weerasinghe et al.); (19) Appropriate bio gas generators for resource poor farmers in Sri Lanka to meet home energy and organic fertilizer needs (R. Kissel et al.); (20) Degree of utilization and causes for yield reduction at biogas plants of different design (R. Kissel et al.); (21) Monitoring and assessment of three biogas plants in Italy (S. Piccinini et al.).

  4. The international cooperation using the example of the reactor accident in Chernobyl; Die internationale Zusammenarbeit am Beispiel des Tschernobylunfalls

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Molitor, Norbert [PLEJADES GmbH - Independent Experts, Griesheim (Germany)

    2017-10-01

    The explosion of the reactor unit 4 of the NPP Chernobyl and the subsequent fire was up to now the most severe accident in the civil nuclear industry. The consequences of the accident far outside the Ukraine and the former Soviet Union demonstrated that nuclear safety is a trans-border challenge. The mitigation of the accident consequences and the recovery of safety for the public, the workers and the environment required outstanding efforts and the international cooperation was of significant importance. The contribution discusses experiences and practical aspects of the international cooperation and implications for future cooperation options for the long-term removal of accident consequences.

  5. International conference: nuclear power for the 21 st century; Conference internationale: L'energie nucleaire au 21. siecle

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2005-07-01

    It is widely recognised that global energy demand will rise substantially during this century. The increased industrialization and urbanization of developing countries will produce large increases in energy demand in regions that currently have very low per capita energy use. This increasing demand for energy will need to be met in order to improve living standards for at least half of the world population and to reduce the economic imbalances between countries and regions. At the same time the use of fossil fuel based energy is identified as a major cause of environmental damage. The release of greenhouse gases from burning of fossil fuel in power stations and for transport is seen as a contributor to global warming. It is widely recognised that continued exploitation of fossil fuels and release of carbon dioxide will need to be controlled. After a prolonged period of slow development of nuclear power, confined to some countries in the world, it is now being recognised that nuclear energy has a potentially significant role to play in meeting the energy needs of the planet without damaging the environment. Developments in technology make the economics of nuclear power more attractive, and they may become even more so as fossil fuel prices continue to rise.or a widespread use of nuclear power, however, there remain concerns on the safety, security, waste and proliferation aspects. The global application of safety standards and appropriate security measures are required to ensure acceptable levels of protection. Effective control measures are required to ensure that non-proliferation commitments are honored. Handling nuclear waste safely and securely is achievable, but continues to remain as a public concern. The broad strategic objectives of the Conference are the following: to review the role of nuclear power and to define the potential benefits (energy security, sustainability and improved environmental protection) that expanding nuclear power offers to meet the increasing energy needs of the world; to facilitate a discussion on the issue of nuclear energy and society involving experts and decision makers. (author)

  6. La thèse de Feldstein-Horioka: Ue mesure de la mobilité internationale du capital

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    de Sousa Andrade Alberto Joao

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available (portugalski Nous présentons la thèse de Feldstein-Horioka (F-H sur la mobilité du capital et les développements qu’elle a suscités. Il s’agit d’une thèse qui est très ouverte à la possibilité de réfutation et dont l’histoire illustre bien la pensée méthodologique nonnaïve de Karl Popper: les discussions sur sa réfutation, en parallèle avec les tentatives de consolidation ("d’immunisation", au sens de K. Popper, ont conduit à de nouvelles lectures sur la mobilité du capital. Ces efforts de consolidation (d’ "immunization" ont conduit cette thèse à intégrer des nouvelles méthodologies économétriques et à changer partiellement son objet, en mesurant aussi la soutenabilité externe. La thèse de F-H constitue un cas exemplaire d’intégration de l’analyse théorique et d’analyse empirique.

  7. 5th international exhaust gas and particulate emissions forum. Proceedings; 5. Internationales Forum Abgas- und Partikelemissionen. Beitraege

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2008-12-11

    The Proceedings of the 5th International Exhaust Gas and Particulate Emissions Forum contains 22 printed contributions as well as a CD-ROM. The titles of them are: (1) Diesel Emissions Control in the United States - 2010 and Beyond; (2) The MBE90 commercial vehicle engine for EPA '07 emissions regulations; (3) Concepts for engines and exhaust-gas cleaning systems for heavy duty trucks of the future; (4) HD Engine Technology for Near-Zero Emissions and Lowest Cost of Ownership; (5) (Partially-) Homogeneous Diesel Combustion; (6) Exhaust gas sensors for NOx storage catalysts and ammonia-SCR systems; (7) Sensors for modern exhaust gas after-treatment systems; (8) New reducing agents for low NOx-SCR Techno-logy; (9) Exhaust gas Aftertreatment on Lean Burn Gasoline Direct Injection Engines: The System of TWC and NOx-Storage Catalyst; (10) New Platinum/Palladium based catalyzed filter technologies for future passenger car applications; (11) Development of a Roadway Hydrocarbon Sorption Model and Characterization of a Novel PM Generator; (12) Requirements for current and future particulate measurement instrumentation from the point of view of the Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt; (13) Standardized dilution conditions for gravimetric PM sampling - measures to assure results that correlate; (14) Particle Counting according PMP; (15) Future high-confidence measurement of diesel particulate emissions for approval and development; (16) New developments in optical instrumentation for exhaust gas; (17) Simultaneous Detection of Gaseous and Particulate Exhaust Components by Photoacoustic Spectroscopy; (18) Boundaries of modern exhaust gas instrumentation; (19) Raising quality and reducing application effort through efficient data input to the particulate filter load model for a EURO5 diesel car; (20) Stop-start operation of diesel engines - modified require-ment for exhaust gas after-treatment?; (21) Particulates emission with Biodiesel B30 impact on CSF management; (22) Diesel engine soot and NOx emission modelling. (orig)

  8. Časopis Demos (Internationale Ethnographische und Folkloristische Informationen) v novém tisíciletí

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Woitsch, Jiří

    2003-01-01

    Roč. 6, - (2003), s. 74-78 ISSN 1210-1109 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z9058907 Keywords : journal Demos * history of the journal Demos * new developments in publishing of the journal Demos Subject RIV: AC - Archeology, Anthropology, Ethnology

  9. La politique internationale du Parti des Travailleurs: de la fondation du parti à diplomatie du gouvernement Lula

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo Roberto de Almeida

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Analiza el discurso y las posiciones en política internacional del Partido de los Trabajadores y de Luiz Inácio Lula de la Silva, desde la fundación del Partido y a través de las campañas presidenciales a partir de 1989, hasta las elecciones victoriosas de 2002, poniendo el acento en su evolución gradual. Presentación y discurso son las principales cuestiones de política exterior, y comprenden desde el dominio económico hasta el rol de la diplomacia presidencial._______________________ABSTRACT:Historical and analytical evaluation of the Brazilian Workers'' Party (PT views in matters dealing with Brazil''s international relations positions and foreign affairs practices. Particular emphasis is given to the declarations made by Luiz Inácio Lula de la Silva over the four presidential campaigns since 1989, until his coming to power in 2002. Stressing the gradual evolution in those matters of both the Party and its leader towards more ''realistic'' approaches, the article also presents and discusses some of the main issues of Brazil''s foreign affairs agenda, particularly in its economic aspects (multilateral and hemispheric trade negotiations and the role of the presidential diplomacy.  

  10. Regional and international implications of the Iranian nuclear crisis; Les implications regionales et internationales de la crise nucleaire iranienne

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Reveillard, Ch

    2006-07-15

    Iran is distinguished in the Middle East and the world by its geopolitical situation, qualified Middle Empire of the crossed worlds, which are all among the most active zones of the planet on the geopolitical and strategic plans. It undergoes on the one hand, region-al influences and inevitably in return acts in-depth on economic, strategic, diplomatic and cultural reality of its regional space made up of the three wholes: Central Asia, The Middle East, Persian Gulf open on the Indian Ocean. In addition, the singularity of its national policy, that tries to make move back the Anglo-Saxon impregnation of re-modelling the Middle East and the containment of the regional powers. (author)

  11. Internationale en nationale kennis over politietoezicht in het verkeer : een covernota naar aanleiding van drie literatuurstudies uit 1994.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Goldenbeld, C. & Oei, H.-l.

    1995-01-01

    This cover note follows three recent literature reviews about the effects of police supervision on traffic offences. The cover note aims: (1) to indicate what the main general conclusions are about the effectiveness and efficiency of police supervision; and (2) to indicate what information might be

  12. 18th international conference on lightning protection ICLP '85. Conference proceedings. 18. internationale Blitzschutzkonferenz ICLP '85. Conference Proceedings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1985-01-01

    The proceedings contain all conference papers on the following main topics: 1) Research on thunderstorm and lightning (12 papers); 2) striking mechanism (6 papers); 3) lightning down conductors and grounding (10 papers); 4) electromagnetic lightning impulse (LEMP) and induction effects (9 papers); 5) protection of electronic systems and devices (16 papers); 6) life hazard due to lightning (9 papers).

  13. Freiwillige Selbstverpflichtung von Unternehmen in Antikorruptionsinitiativen: Der Einfluss des nationalen Kontextes auf internationales Engagement am Beispiel chinesischer und indischer Unternehmen

    OpenAIRE

    Bargstädt, Dorothee

    2017-01-01

    Die Länder China und Indien stehen für den Beginn des "Asian Century". Da den Ländern und ihren nationalen Unternehmen ein starker Einfluss auf wirtschaftliche Entscheidungen der Zukunft bescheinigt wird, rücken Themen wie die gesellschaftliche Verantwortung von Unternehmen in den Fokus. Die vorliegende Arbeit untersucht, ob sich das Engagement von chinesischen und indischen Unternehmen in internationalen Antikorruptionsinitiativen unterscheidet. Dazu werden die CSR-Reports der 30 größten chi...

  14. Assessment of policy options with regard to air pollution from international shipping; Beoordeling beleidsopties luchtvervuiling internationale scheepvaart

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Deutsch, F.; Veldeman, N.; Lodewijks, P.; Duuerinck, J.; Janssen, L.; Campling, P.; Janssen, S. [Vlaamse Instelling voor Technologisch Onderzoek VITO, Mol (Belgium); Vanherle, K. [Transport and Mobility Leuven, Kessel-Lo, Leuven (Belgium)

    2011-10-15

    Recently, a study has been carried out for DG Environment of the European Commission titled 'Market-based instruments for Reducing Air Pollution. Assessment of Policy Options to reducing air pollution from shipping'. Within this study it was decided to study the environmental impact of two legally possible trading systems: a voluntary emissions trading system for all sea areas belonging to the European Union and a mandatory emissions trading system for the ports and territorial waters of EU Member States. If the emissions in ports and coastal waters will be made part of such a trading system it can result in lower environmental exposure for the population. [Dutch] Recent is een studie uitgevoerd voor DG Environment van de Europese Commissie met de titel 'Market-based instruments for reducing air pollution. Assessment of policy options to reduce air pollution from shipping'. Binnen deze studie is er voor gekozen om de milieu-impact van twee juridisch mogelijke handelssystemen te bestuderen: een vrijwillig emissiehandelssysteem voor alle zeegebieden behorende tot de Europese Unie en een verplicht emissiehandelssysteem voor de havens en de territoriale wateren van de EU-lidstaten. Als de emissies in havens en kustwateren in een handelssysteem meedraaien, kan dat tot lagere blootstelling van de bevolking leiden.

  15. Squeezed States and Uncertainty Relations. Abstracts; Internationale sur les etats comprimes et les relations d'incertitude

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Masahito, Hayashi [ERATO, Quantum Computation and Information Project, Japan Science and Technology Agency, Tokyo (Japan); Reynaud, S. [Universite Pierre et Marie Curie, Lab. Kastler Brossel, 75 - Paris (France); Jaekel, M.Th. [Ecole Nationale Superieure de Chimie, Lab. de Physique Theorique 75 - Paris (France); Fiuraaek, J. [Palacky Univ., Dept. of Optics (Czech Republic); Garcia-Patron, R.; Cerf, N.J. [QUIC, Ecole Polytechnique, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Brussels (Belgium); Hage, B.; Chelkowski, S.; Franzen, A.; Lastzka, N.; Vahlbruch, N.; Danzmann, K.; Schnabel, R. [Hannover Univ., Institut Faur Atom- und Molekaulphysik, Max-Planck-Institut, Gravitationsphysik (Albert-Einstein-Institut) (Germany); Hassan, S.S. [Bahrain Univ., Dept. of Mathematics, College of Science (Bahrain); Joshi, A. [Arkansas, Univ., Dept. of Physics, Fayetteville, AR (United States); Jakob, M. [ARC Seibersdorf Research GmbH (ARCS), Tech Gate Vienna, Vienna (Austria); Bergou, J.A. [New York City Univ., Dept. of Physics, Hunter College, NY (United States); Kozlovskii, A.V. [P.N.Lebedev Physical Institute, Moscow (Russian Federation); Prakash, H. [Allahabad Univ., Dept. of Physics (India)]|[Allahabad Univ., M. N. Saha Centre of Space Studies, Institute of Interdisciplinary Studies (India); Kumar, R. [Allahabad Univ., Dept. of Physics (India)]|[Udai Pratap Autonomous College (India)

    2005-07-01

    The purpose of the conference was to bring together people working in the field of quantum optics, with special emphasis on non-classical light sources and related areas, quantum computing, statistical mechanics and mathematical physics. As a novelty, this edition will include the topics of quantum imaging, quantum phase noise and number theory in quantum mechanics. This document gives the program of the conference and gathers the abstracts.

  16. Payer pour préserver : la politique internationale de la proposition équatorienne Yasuní-ITT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pamela L. Martin

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available L’idée de laisser près de 900 millions de barils de pétrole dans le sous-sol du Parc national de Yasuní, en Amazonie équatorienne, prouve l’importance des réseaux transnationaux dans l’institutionnalisation d’autres règles de gouvernance mondiale de l’environnement. Par le biais de complexes réseaux locaux et mondiaux, le Fonds Yasuní, administré par le PNUD, a créé un modèle potentiel à reproduire dans d’autres pays mégadivers en développement qui se trouvent en proie à la malédiction du pétrole mais cherchent malgré tout des solutions contribuant au développement durable et à la justice sociale. La singularité de l’initiative Yasuní-ITT réside dans son appel à la protection de l’environnement et des sociétés indigènes qui y vivent en payant pour éviter les émissions de CO2. Un tel projet regroupe les objectifs mondiaux relatifs aux changements climatiques dans le cadre d’une solution post-Kyoto qui associe le Sud avec le fondement constitutionnel et normatif de l’Equateur de vivre en harmonie avec la nature, en quechua sumak kawsay (el buen vivir en espagnol ou « le bien-vivre ».

  17. Compte rendu de la 18e Conférence Internationale sur le Tournesol : Mar del Plata & Balcarce (Argentine, 2012

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pilorgé Étienne

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available The 18th International Sunflower Conference took place in Mar del Plata, Argentina, in February, 2012. The key-points and evolutions of sunflower research were presented, in the fields of agronomy, physiology, genetics and genomics, crop protection, quality and markets. Major evolutions can be observed concerning the sequencing of sunflower genome, announced to be complete by the end of 2012, but also concerning the use of models and the progress in the studies on the interactions between varieties genetic pattern, environment and crop management practices. In crop protection aspects, the evolutions of the major pathogens, downy mildew and Orobanche cumana, have been discussed, as well as the breeding efforts for genetic resistances, or the advances concerning the herbicides tolerant varieties. Evolutions in oil quality aspects have been exposed too, such as varieties enriched in stearic acid, or tocopherols, or with low contents in saturated fatty acids.

  18. International questions. 2, petroleum: worldwide order or confusion; Questions internationales. 2, le petrole: ordre ou desordre mondial

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2003-07-01

    The sensibility of the world economy with respect to petroleum prices remains and will remain high. The supply and demand problems leads to necessarily consider the production capacities, the effective and potential reserves, the level of strategic stockpiles, the general economical perspectives and their implications on the oil and gas demand. The regulating power of the OPEC and its relations with non-OPEC producers (Russia, Mexico, Norway..) will play a more and more significant role in the world petroleum equilibrium. This book analyses 7 topics about petroleum and geopolitics: the petroleum and the international relations since 1945 (H. L'Huillier); the petroleum in the world economy (J.M. Chevalier); the USA and petroleum: from Rockefeller to the Gulf war (P. Noel); petroleum profits, geopolitics and conflicts (P. Copinschi); reasonable supply costs but fluctuating prices (J.P. Favennec, S. Raki-Rechignac); from the Caspian sea to the Arabo-Persian gulf: a new Russia-USA petro-strategy (F. Encel); the international transportation of petroleum and natural gas: a major economical stake (J. Percebois). (J.S.)

  19. Panorama 2001 energy and petroleum, the new international deal; Panorama 2001 energie et petrole, la nouvelle donne internationale

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Giannesini, J.F

    2001-07-01

    This document analyses the main events of the petroleum and gas industries, in year 2000. A great importance is given to the petroleum price which governs the industry activity. A second part deals with the impacts of exploration-production investments. The environmental impacts of the hydrocarbons consumption is also discussed with the analysis of the carbon dioxide emission and the associated climatic change. The green book on the energy supplying safety is presented and discussed as the forecasting scenario concerning the energy policy. (A.L.B.)

  20. 18. international {mu} symposium - expert meeting on brake systems; 18. Internationales {mu}-Symposium - Bremsen-Fachtagung

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Breuer, B. [ed.

    1999-12-01

    The braking systems of passenger cars have become increasingly important for safe driving and driving dynamics (traction control, differential lock, brake assistance, electronic stabilising systems adaptive automatic speed control). At the same time operating-, noise- and vibration performance are expected to improve. Brake-by-wire, the technology of the future, will increase its potential as one component of the more and more strongly ``electrified`` cars. Design of operating characteristics will become important as the designer will have a lot of liberty in designing the effect of foot impact and slowing down of the vehicle and shall have to design the actuating pedal with great care. The is potential for further improvements in the following areas: dynamic cooperation of brakes, tyres and road, components (e.g. tyre sensors), advanced driver assistance systems. The XVIII. symposium held in Bad Neuenahr on October 23. and 24. 1998 dealt with several of the issues. The symposium, organised by BBA Friction GmbH brought together 240 brake experts from many countries. The contents of the conference are contained in this book (orig.) [Deutsch] In den letzten Jahren hat die Bedeutung der Bremsanlagen von Kraftfahrzeugen fuer Fahrdynamik und Fahrsicherheit ausserordentlich stark zugenommen (Traktionskontrolle, Differentialsperre, Bremsassistent, elektronische Fahrdynamikstabilisierung, adaptive automatische Fahrgeschwindigkeitsregelung). Gleichzeitig wachsen die Anforderungen an ihr Betriebs-, Geraeusch- und Schwingungsverhalten. Mit der zukuenftigen elektrischen Betaetigung der Bremse wird ihr Potential als wichtige Komponente im immer staerker `elektroinfizierten` Gesamtsystem Fahrzeug bedeutend erweitert. Hierbei wird auch die zukuenftige Auslegung der Betaetigungscharakteristik sehr wichtig, da der Konstrukteur im Wirkungszusammenhang Fusskraft/Fahrzeugverzoegerung grosse Freiheiten gewinnt und das Stellteil Bremspedal im Hinblick auf Kundenzufriedenheit und Fahrsicherheit richtig gestalten muss. - Potentiale zur weiteren Verbesserung existieren u.a. im Bereich des dynamischen Zusammenwirkens des Teilsystems Bremse, Reifen und Strasse, in seinen Komponenten (z.B. Reifensensorik) und in der Entlastung des Fahrers durch zukuenftige Fahrerassistenzsysteme. - Themen aus diesen Bereichen wurden auf dem XVIII. internationalen {mu}-Symposium am 23./24. Oktober 1998 in Bad Neuenahr vorgetragen und diskutiert, an dem auf Einladung des Hauses BBA Friction GmbH wieder rund 240 Bremsexperten aus vielen Laendern teilnahmen. Der fachliche Inhalt der Tagung wird hiermit publiziert. (orig.)

  1. International activities and experience in offshore wind power generation; Internationale Aktivitaeten und Erfahrungen im Bereich der Offshore-Windenergienutzung

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rehfeldt, K.; Gerdes, G.J.

    2002-01-01

    Current activities in the area of offshore wind energy are being made only in the European Community in the form of concrete plans or as projects. Denmark and Sweden began as pioneers in the setting up of offshore wind parks along their coast in the Baltic Sea. As a world-wide first, Denmark saw the practicality of offshore wind energy as a way of reducing the emission of CO{sub 2} and opening new doors in the wind energy branch. Essential is not to name the ambitious goals, but that at the designated suitable regions, pilot projects are implemented therefore initiating extensive research and development projects. Our European neighbours have shown us through their own experience what great potential and underlying dynamic offshore wind energy has. The development of projects can be given with confidence to private sector, if however the main consensus from promoters and environmentalists is desired, then in this instance the governmental participation as a guide would be desirable. (orig.)

  2. JournalBase. Comparer les bases de données scientifiques internationales en sciences humaines et sociales (SHS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Denise Pumain

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Cet article dresse un tableau comparatif des contenus des bases de données et des listes de référence qui recensent les revues en sciences humaines et sociales (SHS. Il s’appuie sur JournalBase publié le 25 juin 2009 dans Cybergeo. Cette étude porte sur les bases AHCI et SSCI du Web of Science (publié par Thomson Reuters, de Scopus (publié par Elsevier, du European Reference Index for Humanities (ERIH (publié par la Fondation européenne pour la Science et de l’AERES (Agence pour l’évaluation de la recherche en France. La recherche a été réalisée en 2008 avec le soutien financier du TGE Adonis du CNRS. Avec quelque 20 000 entrées correspondant à environ 10 000 journaux différents, c’est une vue quasi exhaustive de la richesse des publications en sciences humaines et sociales qui est apportée par ce tableau. La nomenclature adoptée pour classer les revues par discipline est celle en 27 postes de la Fondation Européenne pour la Science. Les affectations multiples révèlent la multidisciplinarité des revues, assez fréquente en SHS, mais parfois aussi les incohérences des bases de données qui n’ont pas été rectifiées.L’article présente l’historique du projet, la méthodologie mise en place par les auteurs, les difficultés rencontrées dans la comparaison des données. Les premiers résultats mettent en évidence une couverture plus large de la liste ERIH pour les sciences humaines et une surreprésentation des revues anglophones dans les bases de données commerciales pour l’ensemble des disciplines. L’objectif de ce travail est d’alerter sur les contenus de ces bases de données, au moment où les outils bibliométriques soulèvent maints débats quant à leur application dans le champ des sciences humaines et sociales.

  3. International technical assistance example. Consortium action in Bulgaria; Exemple d`assistance internationale. Cas de la Bulgarie, action du consortium

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mattei, J M; Milhem, J L [CEA Centre d` Etudes de Fontenay-aux-Roses, 92 (France). Inst. de Protection et de Surete Nucleaire; Heuser, F W; Kelm, P [Gesellschaft fuer Reaktorsicherheit mbH (GRS), Koeln (Germany)

    1993-03-01

    The safety status achieved last year at the Kozloduy Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) and the capability of the Bulgarian Nuclear Safety Authority (BNSA) to assess the safety of the plant and the adequacy of proposed improvements have been matters of international concern. However, the Kozloduy NPP contributes 35-40 per cent of the electrical generating capacity in Bulgaria. For further operation of the plants, it is therefore, essential that safety is improved. In july 1991, the Commission of the European Communities (CEC) instituted a Six Months Emergency Action Programme for Bulgaria under the PHARE regional nuclear safety programme. The programme consisted of three parts: - an industrial emergency programme supporting the utility of the Kozloduy NPP, - a study to evaluate Bulgaria`s electricity needs, - technical assistance for reinforcement of the Bulgarian Nuclear Safety Authority. For the third part, complementary to the industrial emergency programme carried out by the WANO (World Association of Nuclear Operators), a Consortium of expert institutions and regulatory from EC member states was established by CEC for assistance to BNSA. The Consortium consisted of: - Institut de Protection et de Surete Nucleaire (IPSN), France, technical support of the French regulatory body, - Gesellschaft fur Anlagen und Reaktorsicherheit (GRS) mbH, Germany, an organization in safety engineering, technical support of governmental regulatory body, - AIB-Vincotte Nuclear (AVN), Belgium, the organization authorized by the Belgian Government for licensing and inspection of nuclear power plants, - UK Atomic Energy Authority (AEA Technology), an independent UK Government owned nuclear R and D and consultancy organization, - Nuclear Installations Inspectorate (NII) of the Health and Safety Executive, United Kingdom, the nuclear regulatory body for the United Kingdom.

  4. Renewables in figures. National and international trends in 2016; Erneuerbare Energien in Zahlen. Nationale und internationale Entwicklung im Jahr 2016

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2017-09-15

    The expansion of renewable energies is a central pillar of the energy transition. The development is positive: In 2016, renewable energies accounted for 31.7 percent of total gross electricity consumption. The brochure informs about the progress achieved in the further development of renewable energies in Germany, Europe and the world. The data on the development of renewable energies in Germany is based on the results of the Working Group on Renewable Energy Statistics (AGEE-Stat), which compiles the balance sheet of renewable energies for Germany on behalf of the BMWi. The data published here are a snapshot with the editorial deadline of August 2016 - they are still provisional in some places, especially for 2016. At the same time, current time series on the development of renewable energies in Germany since 1990 as well as a variety of graphs are published on the websites of the BMWi. These time series and graphs will be updated at the turn of the year 2017/2018. [German] Der Ausbau der erneuerbaren Energien ist eine zentrale Saeule der Energiewende. Die Entwicklung ist positiv: Im Jahr 2016 hatten die erneuerbare Energien einen Anteil von 31,7 Prozent am gesamten Bruttostromverbrauch. Mit der Broschuere wird ueber den erreichten Fortschritt beim weiteren Ausbau der Erneuerbaren Energien in Deutschland, in Europa und der Welt informiert. Grundlage der Daten zur Entwicklung der erneuerbaren Energien in Deutschland sind die Ergebnisse der Arbeitsgruppe Erneuerbare Energien-Statistik (AGEE-Stat), die im Auftrag des BMWi die Bilanz der erneuerbaren Energien fuer Deutschland erarbeitet. Die hier veroeffentlichten Daten stellen eine Momentaufnahme mit Redaktionsschluss August 2016 dar - sie haben insbesondere fuer das Jahr 2016 an einigen Stellen noch vorlaeufigen Charakter. Parallel werden auf den Internetseiten des BMWi aktuelle Zeitreihen zur Entwicklung der erneuerbaren Energien in Deutschland seit dem Jahr 1990 sowie vielfaeltige Schaubilder veroeffentlicht. Diese Zeitreihen und Schaubilder werden zum Jahreswechsel 2017/2018 aktualisiert.

  5. 5th international exhaust gas and particulate emissions forum. Proceedings; 5. Internationales Forum Abgas- und Partikelemissionen. Beitraege

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2008-12-11

    The Proceedings of the 5th International Exhaust Gas and Particulate Emissions Forum contains 22 printed contributions as well as a CD-ROM. The titles of them are: (1) Diesel Emissions Control in the United States - 2010 and Beyond; (2) The MBE90 commercial vehicle engine for EPA '07 emissions regulations; (3) Concepts for engines and exhaust-gas cleaning systems for heavy duty trucks of the future; (4) HD Engine Technology for Near-Zero Emissions and Lowest Cost of Ownership; (5) (Partially-) Homogeneous Diesel Combustion; (6) Exhaust gas sensors for NOx storage catalysts and ammonia-SCR systems; (7) Sensors for modern exhaust gas after-treatment systems; (8) New reducing agents for low NOx-SCR Techno-logy; (9) Exhaust gas Aftertreatment on Lean Burn Gasoline Direct Injection Engines: The System of TWC and NOx-Storage Catalyst; (10) New Platinum/Palladium based catalyzed filter technologies for future passenger car applications; (11) Development of a Roadway Hydrocarbon Sorption Model and Characterization of a Novel PM Generator; (12) Requirements for current and future particulate measurement instrumentation from the point of view of the Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt; (13) Standardized dilution conditions for gravimetric PM sampling - measures to assure results that correlate; (14) Particle Counting according PMP; (15) Future high-confidence measurement of diesel particulate emissions for approval and development; (16) New developments in optical instrumentation for exhaust gas; (17) Simultaneous Detection of Gaseous and Particulate Exhaust Components by Photoacoustic Spectroscopy; (18) Boundaries of modern exhaust gas instrumentation; (19) Raising quality and reducing application effort through efficient data input to the particulate filter load model for a EURO5 diesel car; (20) Stop-start operation of diesel engines - modified require-ment for exhaust gas after-treatment?; (21) Particulates emission with Biodiesel B30 impact on CSF management; (22) Diesel engine soot and NOx emission modelling. (orig)

  6. Zur Aktualität der identitären Ideologie : die Vordenker einer neuen rechten Internationale

    OpenAIRE

    Brumlik, Micha

    2017-01-01

    Rechtspopulistische Bewegungen machen sich zur Zeit in vielen westlichen Staaten zum Sprachrohr angeblich bisher unterdrückter Bevölkerungsgruppen und Meinungen. Die identitäre Bewegung entwickelt diesen Ansatz weiter zu einem Projekt der autoritären Staatlichkeit gegen Multikulturalismus, Islam und Einwanderung. Dabei verbindet sie ihre Kampagne für einen ethnisch geschlossen Nationalstaat mit der Kritik an der kapitalistischen Globalisierung. Mit einem Sprachduktus, der Politik emotionalisi...

  7. 6th Stuttgart international symposium on automotive and engine technology. Proceedings; 6. Internationales Stuttgarter Symposium: Kraftfahrwesen und Verbrennungsmotoren. Konferenzband

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bargende, M.; Reuss, H.C.; Wiedemann, J. (eds.)

    2005-07-01

    The proceedings volume has three sections: Part 1, 'Engines' discusses diesel engines, engine mechanics, gasoline engines, FVV projects, analysis and simulation. Part 2, 'Vehicles' contains papers on car concepts, dynamics, acoustics and vibrations, aeroacoustics, aerodynamics, thermomanagement and engine cooling. Part 3, 'Motor car mechatronics' goes into board network and energy management, sensors and actuators, dynamics and control, testing and diagnosis, software and design tools, networking and architecture. (orig.)

  8. 31th international Vienna motor symposium. Vol. 1. First day; 31. Internationales Wiener Motorensymposium. Bd. 1. Erster Tag

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lenz, Hans Peter (comp.)

    2010-07-01

    These two volumes contain all the lectures delivered at the 31{sup st} International Vienna Motor Symposium, which took place on 29{sup th} and 30{sup th} April, 2010. In these lectures pre-eminent automotive engineers presented various aspects of state-of-the-art of engine technology. Further to this, I would like to express my heartfelt thanks to all of these individuals, as well as the companies they represent, for their contributions to our conference. All lectures on the enclosed CD are available in their original version as well as in English translation. The word-search facility at www.oevk.at - the Austrian Society of Automotive Engineers (OEVK) website - allows a direct access to the titles of lectures, together with information on all the authors and companies that have participated in the International Vienna Motor Symposia since 1999 (German since 1981). The publications list - which is to be found on the following page - provides an anthology of all lectures delivered at the International Vienna Motor Symposia between 1979 and 2010. It is intended to provide a broader public with further information on the topics and subject matter dealt with by these conferences. The 32{sup nd} International Vienna Motor Symposium is to take place on the 5{sup th} and 6{sup th} Mai, 2011, and may I take this early opportunity to extend you an invitation. (orig.)

  9. 31th international Vienna motor symposium. Vol. 2. Second day; 31. Internationales Wiener Motorensymposium. Bd. 2. Zweiter Tag

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lenz, Hans Peter (comp.)

    2010-07-01

    These two volumes contain all the lectures delivered at the 31{sup st} International Vienna Motor Symposium, which took place on 29{sup th} and 30{sup th} April, 2010. In these lectures pre-eminent automotive engineers presented various aspects of state-of-the-art of engine technology. Further to this, I would like to express my heartfelt thanks to all of these individuals, as well as the companies they represent, for their contributions to our conference. All lectures on the enclosed CD are available in their original version as well as in English translation. The word-search facility at www.oevk.at - the Austrian Society of Automotive Engineers (OEVK) website - allows a direct access to the titles of lectures, together with information on all the authors and companies that have participated in the International Vienna Motor Symposia since 1999 (German since 1981). The publications list - which is to be found on the following page - provides an anthology of all lectures delivered at the International Vienna Motor Symposia between 1979 and 2010. It is intended to provide a broader public with further information on the topics and subject matter dealt with by these conferences. The 32{sup nd} International Vienna Motor Symposium is to take place on the 5{sup th} and 6{sup th} Mai, 2011, and may I take this early opportunity to extend you an invitation. (orig.)

  10. Squeezed States and Uncertainty Relations. Abstracts; Internationale sur les etats comprimes et les relations d'incertitude

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Masahito, Hayashi [ERATO, Quantum Computation and Information Project, Japan Science and Technology Agency, Tokyo (Japan); Reynaud, S [Universite Pierre et Marie Curie, Lab. Kastler Brossel, 75 - Paris (France); Jaekel, M Th [Ecole Nationale Superieure de Chimie, Lab. de Physique Theorique 75 - Paris (France); Fiuraaek, J [Palacky Univ., Dept. of Optics (Czech Republic); Garcia-Patron, R; Cerf, N J [QUIC, Ecole Polytechnique, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Brussels (Belgium); Hage, B; Chelkowski, S; Franzen, A; Lastzka, N; Vahlbruch, N; Danzmann, K; Schnabel, R [Hannover Univ., Institut Faur Atom- und Molekaulphysik, Max-Planck-Institut, Gravitationsphysik (Albert-Einstein-Institut) (Germany); Hassan, S S [Bahrain Univ., Dept. of Mathematics, College of Science (Bahrain); Joshi, A [Arkansas, Univ., Dept. of Physics, Fayetteville, AR (United States); Jakob, M [ARC Seibersdorf Research GmbH (ARCS), Tech Gate Vienna, Vienna (Austria); Bergou, J A [New York City Univ., Dept. of Physics, Hunter College, NY (United States); Kozlovskii, A V [P.N.Lebedev Physical Institute, Moscow (Russian Federation); Prakash, H [Allahabad Univ., Dept. of Physics (India); [Allahabad Univ., M. N. Saha Centre of Space Studies, Institute of Interdisciplinary Studies (India); Kumar, R [Allahabad Univ., Dept. of Physics (India); [Udai Pratap Autonomous College (India)

    2005-07-01

    The purpose of the conference was to bring together people working in the field of quantum optics, with special emphasis on non-classical light sources and related areas, quantum computing, statistical mechanics and mathematical physics. As a novelty, this edition will include the topics of quantum imaging, quantum phase noise and number theory in quantum mechanics. This document gives the program of the conference and gathers the abstracts.

  11. The Iran nuclear ambitions and the international consequences; Les ambitions nucleaires de l'Iran et leurs consequences internationales

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2005-01-15

    This analysis of the Iran situation concerning the nuclear policy, is presented and discussed in three parts: the data and hypothesis of the iranian nuclear program, the regional strategy of Iran and evolution scenario and their consequences. (A.L.B.)

  12. Climate protection after Copenhagen. International instruments and national implementation. Proceedings; Klimaschutz nach Kopenhagen. Internationale Instrumente und nationale Umsetzung. Tagungsband

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gundel, Joerg; Lange, Knut Werner (eds.)

    2011-07-01

    The publication contains the results of the First Bayreuth Energy Law Days on the subject of 'Climate Protection after Copenhagen'. Following the UN climate conference of December 2009, it presents the current state of discussion of the legal instruments of climate protection on an international, European and national level. (orig./RHM)

  13. Panorama 2001 energy and petroleum, the new international deal; Panorama 2001 energie et petrole, la nouvelle donne internationale

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brodhag, Ch. [Ecole Nationale Superieure des Mines, 42 - Saint-Etienne (France)

    2001-07-01

    For the industrialized countries, the rapid economic growth presents constraints stemming from public concern over questions of environment and safety. In response to these changes the petroleum industry and the petrochemistry are confronted to a double challenge which is discussed in this document: from the technical point of view, the carbon emissions decrease and the refining; from an economic point of view, the Kyoto negotiation, the geo-political stakes, the OPEC the United States and the European positions and the benefit of allowance stemming from the expensive energy prices. (A.L.B.)

  14. Les théosophes et l’organisation internationale de l’éducation nouvelle (1911-1921

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sylvain Wagnon

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The historic importance of Theosophy within the realm of education is due to their presence in their reflexions and educational endeavours are at the origins of that nebulous movement called the New Education (éducation nouvelle. Their presence at the beginning of the organization of the New Education has been explored by several pioneering papers, but remains the blind spot in this area. In fact Theosophy’s influence has been felt but rarely analysed as the matrix of the nebulous international organization of new education. If the Theosophists’ influence were to be recognised, we think that their role, their persistent work that brought on not only the rise of new education, more specifically, the constitution of the International League of New Education but was also the making of educators of Theosophy teachings such as María Montessori and Rudolf Steiner who were not only the roots of the new education but also its main components.

  15. Det kører ikke blot, fordi man trykker 'enter'

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gad, Povl Heiberg

    2017-01-01

    Milliardtabene i SKAT er historien om, hvordan politikere, embedsmænd og konsulenter lod teknologibegejstringen overdøve alle faresignaler. Når teknologioptimismen nærmer sig jubeloptimisme, overses væsentlige risici, og kritikere mødes med foragt og skammes ud som teknologiforskrækkede maskinsto......Milliardtabene i SKAT er historien om, hvordan politikere, embedsmænd og konsulenter lod teknologibegejstringen overdøve alle faresignaler. Når teknologioptimismen nærmer sig jubeloptimisme, overses væsentlige risici, og kritikere mødes med foragt og skammes ud som teknologiforskrækkede...

  16. Tartu Ülikool Tartu linnas = The University of Tartu in the city of Tartu / Kaja Pae, Merje Müürisepp

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pae, Kaja

    2011-01-01

    Maarjamõisa välja ja kesklinna hoonestu suhted. Ülikool ja kesklinn, ülikooli ruumiline imidž. Ülikooli ajalooline hoonestu. Tartu Ülikooli hoonete paiknemisega linnaruumis tegeldi 27. ja 28. aprillil 2010 toimunud Tartu linnafoorumil

  17. Simple models of district heating systems for load and demand side management and operational optimisation; Simple modeller for fjernvarmesystemer med henblik pae belastningsudjaevning og driftsoptimering

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Boehm, B. [Technical Univ. of Denmark, Dept. of Mechanical Engineering, Kgs. Lyngby (Denmark); Larsen, H.V. [Risoe National Lab., System Analysis Dept., Roskilde (DK)

    2004-12-01

    The purpose of this research project has been to further develop and test simple (aggregated) models of district heating (DH) systems for simulation and operational optimization, and to investigate the influence of Load Management and Demand Side Management (DMS) on the total operational costs. The work is based on physical-mathematical modelling and simulation of DH systems, and is a continuation of previous EFP-96 work. In the present EFP-2001 project the goals have been to improve the Danish method of aggregation by addressing the problem of aggregation of pressure losses, and to test the methods on a much larger data set than in the EFP-1996 project. In order to verify the models it is crucial to have good data at disposal. Full information on the heat loads and temperatures not only at the DH plant but also at every consumer (building) is needed, and therefore only a few DH systems in Denmark can supply such data. (BA)

  18. Class 1 bluetooth power amplifier with 24dBm output power and 48% PAE at 2.4GHz in 0.25um CMOS

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vathulay, V.; Sowlati, T.; Leenaerts, D.M.W.

    2001-01-01

    In this paper, we report an RF power amplifier design in digital CMOS technology for the Class 1 power level specification (20 dBm) in the Bluetooth Communications standard. We have also investigated hot carrier effects under large signal RF operation of the power amplifier. The two stage circuit,

  19. Report on the future planning of on-shore sites for wind power plants. [Denmark]; Rapport om fremtidens planlaegning for vindmoeller pae land

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2012-11-01

    A working group appointed by the Minister for the Environment has looked at a number of challenges with municipal planning for new onshore wind turbines. The reason was a desire to review the existing planning basis in order to assess the opportunities and constraints found in the current regulations, on which the wind turbine planning is based. The intention has been to look at whether municipalities have the right planning tools to help to ensure the government's objectives for the continued expansion of wind turbines onshore, and whether new planning tools can be identified. In addition, there has been a desire to bring attention to a good planning process with a positive citizen participation and a fact-based information effort, because there often in the context of local and municipal planning emerges local discussions about the proper placement of new wind turbines. With this report the working group make a number of recommendations to the Minister for the Environment. The recommendations deal with proposals for clarification of the rules (the wind turbine directive and the instructions to the directive), proposals for new planning tools, and proposals for new forms of cooperation and information efforts. The review of the current regulations shows that municipalities generally have the tools they need for planning for siting wind turbines, but there is a need for some adjustments and clarifications of the wind turbine directive. No proposed extensive changes in the laws are proposed, but the working group propose a change of the rural zone regulations. (LN)

  20. Experimental study of thermosyphons applied in bakery ovens; Estudo experimental do comportamento de termossifoes aplicado a fornos de coccao de paes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kupka, Alexandre; Penteado, Ricardo Assis [Santa Catarina Univ., Florianopolis, SC (Brazil). Dept. de Engenharia Mecanica]. E-mails: kupka@labsolar.ufsc.br; boto@labsolar.ufsc.br; Mantelli, Marcia B.H. [Santa Catarina Univ., Florianopolis, SC (Brazil). Dept. de Matematica]. E-mail: marcia@labsolar.ufsc.br

    2000-07-01

    The present paper study thermosyphons applied to bakery ovens with special attention in the energy conservation and the quality of final baked product. A prototype simulating one internal section of a commercial oven was built for the experimental study. Stainless steel/water thermosyphons are installed vertically, close to the two lateral walls of this section The thermosyphons are very efficient heat exchangers and improves the temperature distribution inside the oven, saving energy and avoiding the product waste by under or overcooking. This research also intends to replace electric power and GLP by natural gas as the energy source, that is available in the South of Brazil, after the recent implantation of the Brazil/Bolivia gas line. The gas combustion happens in a separated chamber, so that, just the heated air are in contact with be bread in the cooking chamber. The final product has better quality and is free from the combustion residues. (author)

  1. Smart energy services to low-energy houses based on user-driven innovation; Intelligente energiydelser i lavenergiboliger baseret pae brugerdreven innovation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Joergensen, Ditte Marie; Hoej Christensen, A.; Hansen, Lars; Braendgaard Nielsen, S.; Huet, J.-M. [Teknologisk Institut. Energieffektivisering og Ventilation, Aarhus (Denmark); Bay Christensen, A. [Asger BC Lys, Koebenhavn (Denmark); Degn Larsen, E. [Fischer, Koege (Denmark); Lux, D. [Seluxit, Aalborg (Denmark); Jacobsen, Lis [Nilan, Hedensted (Denmark)

    2012-03-15

    The project tested and documented the energy and use advantages of simple or more complex control concepts and systems for energy services. This has been done with a focus on the control solution being able to control the comfort in the house as efficient and energy-efficient as possible, while the users' requirements and needs for information about and for being able to control comfort and energy consumption in the home also must be taken into account. The experiments with several control strategies in cooperation with the family in the low-energy demonstration house EnergyFlexHouse (EFH), show that one can not develop an adequate control strategy without involving the users. Thus, users will not be satisfied with the indoor environment if they have no influence on control. This should be seen in the context that an energy-efficient management require as little user influence as possible, in order to realize the expected energy efficiency. The optimal control is thus characterized in that it at the same time takes into account the requirements of the user and at the same time results in a change in user behavior that adapts to the control system. The project also shows that there is a significant barrier to getting products of different manufacturers to communicate. Based on the concept, developed in collaboration with the residents of EFH, the companies involved and Technological Institute, a prototype of the advanced control applications was developed and tested by the family in EnergyFlexHouse. Trials were carried out with the 3 advanced control strategies, indoor climate optimized, energy optimized, and user-driven management, for a period of 7 days per strategy. The experiments showed that the degree day adjusted space heating consumption was about. 30% lower for the energy optimized control compared to the user-driven control. For the indoor-optimized control was the degree day adjusted space heating was approx. 21% lower compared to the user-driven control. The family expressed general satisfaction with the indoor climate regardless of the selected control strategy. The family was surprised that their space heating consumption was almost 30% higher at the user-driven control strategy and indicated, that the energy-optimized strategy was absolutely acceptable, especially when the consequences were visible. The family found the control panel on the iPad was user-friendly and intuitively simple in its layout. (LN)

  2. Biodegradation of phthalic acid esters (PAEs) and in silico structural characterization of mono-2-ethylhexyl phthalate (MEHP) hydrolase on the basis of close structural homolog.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singh, Neha; Dalal, Vikram; Mahto, Jai Krishna; Kumar, Pravindra

    2017-09-15

    Three bacterial strains capable of degrading phthalates namely Pseudomonas sp. PKDM2, Pseudomonas sp. PKDE1 and Pseudomonas sp. PKDE2 were isolated and characterized for their degradative potential. These strains efficiently degraded 77.4%-84.4% of DMP, 75.0%-75.7% of DEP and 71.7%-74.7% of DEHP, initial amount of each phthalate is 500mgL -1 of each phthalate, after 44h of incubation. GC-MS results reveal the tentative DEHP degradation pathway, where hydrolases mediate the breakdown of DEHP to phthalic acid (PA) via an intermediate MEHP. MEHP hydrolase is a serine hydrolase which is involved in the reduction of the MEHP to PA. The predicted 3D model of MEHP hydrolase from Pseudomonas mosselii was docked with phthalate monoesters (PMEs) such as MEHP, mono-n-hexyl phthalate (MHP), mono-n-butyl phthalate (MBP) and mono-n-ethyl phthalate (MEP), respectively. Docking results show the distance between the carbonyl carbon of respective phthalate monoester and the hydroxyl group of catalytic serine lies in the range of 2.9 to 3.3Å, which is similar to the ES complex of other serine hydrolases. This structural study highlights the interaction and the role of catalytic residues of MEHP hydrolase involved in the biodegradation of PMEs to phthalate. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  3. Particle filters on light diesel vehicles - a socio-economic analysis on the introduction of particle filters; Partikelfiltre pae lette dieselkoeretoejer - en samfundsoekonomisk analyse af fremskyndelse af partikelfiltre

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kohl, M.; Larsen, Thommy; Carlsen, Kirsten; Mulvad Jeppesen, L.

    2006-09-15

    Emission of particles into the atmosphere is one of the biggest air pollution problems of our times. The emission of particles causes severe health problems such as respiratory and circulatory diseases, lung cancer, asthma, bronchitis and even causes premature deaths. The emission of particles comes from a number of different sources, where traffic is a considerable contributor. The effects of particle emissions from the traffic on the population are substantial, as the emission comes from mobile sources which create a high local pollution in city areas and in consequence high exposure of the local population. Exhaust particle emissions come mainly from diesel engines, and the introduction of particle filters would have a considerable impact on particle emissions. Vehicle emissions regulation is controlled by the EU. The coming emission regulation, EURO 5, is expected to be put into effect by the beginning of 2010. The current suggestions for the EURO 5 restrictions on particles are set so strict that they will be impossible to fulfil without a particle filter. This report performs a socio-economic analysis on the introduction of particle filters on all light vehicles (<3,500 kg). The analysis assumes that all newly registered diesel powered cars and vans should have a factory installed particle filter from the beginning of 2007. This thereby gives a period of three years before implementation of the EURO 5. (au)

  4. Biomass for biogas plants in Denmark - in the short and long term; Biomasse til biogasanlaeg i Danmark - pae kort og langt sigt

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Birkmose, T.; Hjort-Gregersen, K.; Stefanek, K.

    2013-04-15

    In the short term, it is one of the major challenges for the developments of the biogas sector that resources of organic waste of the type (organic industrial wastes) that have heretofore been used, generally are estimated to be nearly exhausted. This has led to a number of new biogas projects based on the use of corn (energy crops) as additional biomass to livestock manure. However, Danish policy now has implemented a restriction on the use of corn and other energy crops for biogas production. It is with the restriction clarified that there is a need to use other additional biomass for biogas production. There is a need in the short term to clarify how alternative biomasses such as straw, nature preservation biomass, household waste, etc. in a technically and economically reliable and satisfactory way can be used for biogas production, so that the dependence of energy crops can be reduced. Additionally, it will be essential if the yield of using manure can be increased to reduce economic dependence on energy crops. In the longer term it is essential to strengthen the assessment of the resource potential of biomass available for the production of biogas, and thus what the contribution of biogas in the long term is estimated to be in the future energy supply based on renewable energy. The present report presents the current and future biomass resources potential and biogas production potential. The biomass resources are primarily agricultural and municipal wastes. (LN)

  5. Regulating power for gas boilers in houses. Surplus power from wind power plants for natural gas boilers; Regulerkraft pae villakedelomraedet. Overskuds-el fra vindmoeller til naturgaskedler

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Larsen, Michael; Frederiksen, Karsten V.

    2011-08-15

    The aim of the project is to clarify the potential development of a simple electric heating unit to gas installations in houses, so that natural gas for heating can be replaced with surplus wind power. The gas network in this way becomes an energy storage for power. In this preliminary project the aim is to estimate the value of these solutions and to verify in the lab, whether it is possible to establish and activate a simple and inexpensive electric heating unit on a typical gas boiler installation. In addition, it must be clarified whether it is possible to establish a simple communication with price signal from the balancing responsible. Based on the preliminary analyses and based on the electric heating unit, which is used in this project, it is estimated that there is a potential for the use of an electric heating unit on gas boilers in houses, and there is also a market, although there are limitations in relation to space and possibly also to the price. The price is estimated to be between 1,500 and 3,000 DKK per. installation (installed). However, this should be further investigated, including that the power balancing responsible /electricity trading companies assess the social value of using the electric heating unit as an element in the regulating power market. Regarding price signal, it is clear that communication opportunities are present at least with two of the balancing responsible companies, but it requires adaptation before a simple price signal to a gas boiler installation can be established. Price wise it is considered feasible. (LN)

  6. The effectiveness of preplant seed bio-invigoration techniques using Bacillus sp. CKD061 to improving seed viability and vigor of several local upland rice cultivars of Southeast Sulawesi

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sutariati, G. A. K.; Bande, L. O. S.; Khaeruni, A.; Muhidin; Mudi, L.; Savitri, R. M.

    2018-02-01

    Research was aimed to evaluate the bio-invigoration techniques using Bacillus sp. CKD061 in improving seed viability and vigor of local upland rice. The research is arranged in factorial with completely randomized design (CRD). The different upland rice cultivars as first factor that consists of 11 cultivars, namely: Pae Tinangge, Pae Rowu, Pae Uwa, Pae Tanta, Pae Waburi-Buri, Pae Mornene, Pae Indalibana, Pae Lawarangka, Pae Huko, Pae Wagamba and Pae Momea. The second factor is the seed bio-invigoration technique, consists of 5 treatments, namely: without seed bio-invigoration (B0), NaCl + Bacillus sp. CKD061 (B1), KNO3 + Bacillus sp. CKD061 (B2), Ground burned-rice husk + Bacillus sp. CKD061 (B3), and Ground brick + Bacillus sp. CKD061 (B4). The results showed that seed bio-invigoration using Bacillus sp. CKD061 gave effect on the seed viability and vigor. Interaction of the seed bio-invigoration and upland rice cultivars were able to improve seed viability and vigor. Seed bio-invigoration ttreatment using ground brick + Bacillus sp. CKD061 was the best treatment, which could improve the viability and vigor of Pae Waburi-Buri, Pae Mornene and Pae Indalibana. The treatment increased vigor index by 133% in Pae Waburi-Buri and 127% in Pae Mornene, and Pae Indalibana compared with control.

  7. Randomiseret nonsens slår social DNA I kampen om forskerkroner

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sodemann, Morten

    2017-01-01

    BLOG - På listen over projekter, der har modtaget midler fra Det Frie Forskningsråd Sundhed og Sygdom maj 2017, er der kun 2-3 projekter ud af i alt 63 bevillinger, der tilnærmelsesvist handler om ulighed i psykiske, relationelle eller sociale forhold/risici knyttet til sygdom – resten af studierne...

  8. Dyre-kloning og marked i USA

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Meyer, Gitte

    2007-01-01

    Et dilemma presser sig på: hvis kun videnskabeligt dokumenterede risici kan begrunde mærkningskrav, mens alle andre etiske spørgsmål er private – hvordan skal amerikanske forbrugere så bære sig ad med at praktisere deres private etik?...

  9. Corporate Social Responsibility i forsyningskæden

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Liempd, Dennis van

    2007-01-01

    Styring og kontrol af etiske risici i forsyningskæden som en del af virksomhedens samfundsansvar (corporate social re­sponsibility; CSR) er blevet mere og mere vigtig nu til dags. Der er stor national og international fokus på CSR-området, ikke mindst fordi globaliseringen har gjort, at flere...

  10. At skabe sikkerhed, effektivitet og tryghed

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wentzer, Helle; Meier, Ninna

    Operationsassisterende arbejde er komplekst og foregår i et dynamisk og teknologisk medieret teamsamarbejde, som formes af en lang række faktorer: patientens diagnose, specialets og indgrebets risici, operationsprogrammet, kommunikationsformen i teamet og med personaler uden for stuen, teknologie...

  11. Bistand til risikovurdering Supplerende oplysninger fra Syngenta Seeds på spørgsmål fra CAer i de forskellige EU-lande. Zea mays (Bt11). Supplerende oplysninger som svar på indsigelser fra de enkelte EU-lande. Modtaget 19-01-2004, deadline 04-02-2004, svar 03-02-2004

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjellsson, Gøsta; Strandberg, Morten Tune

    2003-01-01

    "DMU har ikke fundet nogen nye oplysninger i materialet der ændrer konklusionerne i den økologiske risikovurdering: ”DMU’s risikovurdering af de mulige økologiske konsekvenser ved dyrkning af den genmodificerede majs viser, at der ikke vil være nogen eller kun være ubetydelige miljømæssige risici...

  12. “So under ‘cause for concern’, I’ll write that…”

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Aamann, Iben Charlotte; Dybbroe, Betina

    2017-01-01

    Målet med artiklen er at pege på og diskutere hvordan klasse får betydning for i public health interventions in schools Forebyggelse af risici og sundhedsfremme for børn og unge er i dag centrale i sundhedspolitik, samtidig med at forældrepraksis anses for determinerende for barnets sundhed og tr...

  13. Data Security, Data Breaches and Security Alerts

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Berthing, Hans Henrik

    2012-01-01

    Hvordan kan man sikre sig mod risici fra medarbejdere eller samarbejdspartner, som har adgang til data og systemer. Der er behov for fortsat at udfører gennemgang og vurdereing af, at der er ajourførte kontroler, adgangsrettigheder, funktionsasdskillelse. Der skal implementeres begrænsninger og p...

  14. En analyse af de danske familiers gældsætning og finansielle sårbarhed

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lunde, Jens

    2012-01-01

    . De egentlige risici ved den høje gæld blandet danske boligejere opsummeres afslutningsvis. Det drejer sig om risiko for 1) yderligere boligprisfald, 2) yderligere tilbageslag i økonomien, 3) rentestigninger. Hertil kommer, at mange låntagere med afdragsfrie realkreditlån får mindst en fordobling af...

  15. Strategy for research development and demonstration regarding hydrogen technology in Denmark. Hydrogen production. An account of production technologies against planning of a optimal danish effort within hydrogen; Strategi for forskning, udvikling og demonstration vedroerende brintteknologi i Danmark. Brintproduktion - Gennemgang af produktionsteknologier med henblik pae planlaegning af en optimal dansk indsats pae brintomraedet

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2004-12-01

    This report has been prepared as part of the Danish Energy Authorities' formulation of a Danish strategy for hydrogen as an energy carrier, especially within production of hydrogen and hydrogen-containing fuels. The working-group has defined hydrogen production as the chain of processes necessary to convert a specific energy into enough clean hydrogen or hydrogen-containing fuels. The work has focused on energy sources that can be converted to hydrogen directly, i.e. biomass, solar energy, electricity, and fossil sources. (BA)

  16. 24 CFR 401.310 - Conflicts of interest.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... prevent the PAE or other restricted person from acting at all times in the best interests of HUD; (ii) Has... control of the PAE, or is under common control with the PAE; or any employee, agent or contractor of the PAE, or employee of such agent or contractor, who will perform or has performed services under a PRA...

  17. 3. International Energy Symposium. Contrasts and challenges[Proceedings of the research at the Verbund. Volume 74]; 3. Internationales Energiesymposium. Gegensaetze und Herausforderungen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Reuter, A [ed.

    2001-12-01

    The contributions made by the speakers of the 3{sup rd} International Energy Symposium in Ossiach have clearly shown the dichotomies that exist in energy supply and have stated unequivocally what is expected from political decision-makers. One of the request has been that the political system provide the framework conditions for so-called flexible instruments to be employed in climate policy. These should allow efficient measures to be taken to reduce emissions not just in Austria but abroad as well. The technological questions of energy supply have been answered to a large extent by engineers. However, what remains to be solved are the issues of distribution and financing of sufficient and ecologically optimized systems. This requires ingenuity and problem solving capacity on part of politicians and bank experts so that scientific and technological developments will be followed by their translation into practice. The change in awareness has already taken place. However, its actual implementation will determine the success or failure of the energy concepts for a better future. (Giljum, H.H.)

  18. International and European Standardisation - a challenge for the German Oil- and Gas Industry; Internationale und europaeische Normung, eine Herausforderung der Deutschen Erdoel- und Erdgasindustrie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Remer, R. [W.E.G. Wirtschaftverband Erdoel- und Erdgasgewinnung e.V., Hannover (Germany)

    1998-12-31

    23 ISO TC67 standards are published to date. Of these, 17 standards were implemented as so-called Fast-Track standards which implied the acceptance and application of API-documents. Four other standards are available as ISO or EN ISO. The advantages of global standards are obvious and we have already made some progress on this way. More work is required in order not to endanger the implementation of DIN EN ISO standards. [Deutsch] Bisher konnten 23 ISO TC67 Normen veroeffentlicht werden. Von diesen 23 Normen wurden 17 Normen als sog. `Fast Track` Normen eingefuehrt. Bei diesen Normen handelt es sich im Rahmen eines ersten Schrittes um die vereinbarten Uebernahmen entsprechender API Dokumente. Weitere vier Normen liegen als ISO bzw. EN ISO vor. Der Vorteil, der mit weltweit anerkannten Normen verbunden ist, steht ausser Frage. Der Weg, der zu diesem Ziel fuehrt ist eingeschlagen. Der erforderliche Einsatz muss erbracht werden, um das Ergebnis `DIN EN ISO Normen` nicht zu gefaehrden. (orig.)

  19. The CURE project as an example of international and interdisciplinary cooperation; Das CURE-Projekt als Beispiel internationaler und interdisziplinaerer Zusammenarbeit

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Giussani, Augusto [Bundesamt fuer Strahlenschutz, Oberschleissheim (Germany). Arbeitsgruppe Externe und Interne Dosimetrie, Biokinetik

    2017-10-01

    The CURE project was a European activity of biologists, epidemiologists, statisticians, mathematicians and dosimetry experts from 9 institutions in 6 European countries. The contribution summarizes the success of the project the focus of the work, the importance of European cooperative research in the field of radiation protection. Advantages and problems arising in the team work of persons from different countries and different scientific background are discussed.

  20. The lighting of residential yards. Paper presented at the 19th Session of the Commission Internationale de l'Eclairage (CIE), Kyoto, Japan, 1979.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schreuder, D.A.

    1979-01-01

    The "woonerf" is conceived in order to enhance the amenity in residential districts. It is put into effect by a series of legal measures, road construction and traffic management measures, planning measures and social measures. The quality requirements for the public lighting include apart of

  1. The Impact of Changing International Relations on the Scientific and Technical Community (Incidence sur la Communaute Scientifique et Technique des Transformations en cours dans les Relations Internationales.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-04-01

    Processing of special formats (diagrams, tables) - Determination of words to be Pre-analysis Programs added to system dictionary Dictionary ...language Lexicon combinations, via a standardized interface (MIR) which maps METAL operates -n both monolingual lexicons and one the results of analyses...in uniform ways. transfer lexicon for each language pair. The monolingual lexi- Unfortunately, there is at present no linguistic theory which cons

  2. Recettes pour la paix, les droits & le bien-être concoctées au sein de la Genève internationale

    CERN Document Server

    2015-01-01

    Cette diversité de recettes est une vitrine d’exemples du travail ainsi réalisé par les organisations basées à Genève, illustré sous une forme innovante, et incluant également des propositions de menus composés de trois plats élaborés par des Chefs cuisiniers exerçant dans des hôtels 5 étoiles sur la place de Genève.

  3. French and International experience on the dialogue around industrial sites; Experience francaise et internationales sur la concertation autour des sites industriels

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schneider, Th [Centre d' Etude sur l' Evaluation de la Protection dans le Domaine Nucleaire, CEPN, 92 - Fontenay aux Roses (France); Heriard Dubreuil, G; Gadbois, S [Mutadis, 94 - Vitry (France); Oudiz, A [Institut de Radioprotection et de Surete Nucleaire (IRSN), 92 - Clamart (France); Remond Gouilloud, M [Paris-6 Univ. Sorbonne, 75 (France)

    2002-12-15

    This report presents the results of a research work about 'the stakes of the dialogue around the follow up of nuclear and non nuclear industrial installations'. It used the experience of the North Cotentin radioecology group where expertise has been implemented in order to evaluate the impact on health of the releases of the Cogema La Hague plant. This report is the fruit of an interdisciplinary group ( experts of activities with risks, radiation protection, regulation in environment). (N.C.)

  4. New guidelines are needed to manage heat stress in elite sports--The Fédération Internationale de Volleyball (FIVB) Heat Stress Monitoring Programme.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bahr, Roald; Reeser, Jonathan C

    2012-09-01

    There seems to be a discrepancy between the available heat stress guidelines and the actual risk of heat-related illness among professional beach volleyball players competing under hot and humid conditions. To monitor heat stress and record cases of heat-related medical forfeits on the Swatch FIVB Beach Volleyball World Tour. The FIVB Heat Stress Monitoring Protocol covered events on the FIVB Beach Volleyball World Tour and FIVB Beach Volleyball World Championships during the 2009, 2010 and 2011 seasons (51 events, most of these double gender). The protocol consisted of (1) measuring the Wet Bulb Globe Temperature (WBGT) on centre court prior to the start of every match, and (2) recording any heat-related medical forfeits during the tournament. Data were collected during 48 of 51 events. There were nine events where the peak WBGT exceeded the US Navy Black flag conditions of >32.3°C and an additional two events where the peak WBGT exceeded 31°C, (meeting Red flag conditions.) In two events, the average WBGT equalled at least 31°C. One case of a medical forfeit related to heat stress was recorded over the 3-year surveillance period: an athlete whose fluid balance was compromised from a 3-day bout of acute gastroenteritis. The incidence of significant heat illness among athletes competing on the FIVB Beach Volleyball World Tour appears to be quite low, even though weather conditions frequently result in a WBGT index >32°C. Currently available guidelines appear to be inadequate to fully assess the risk of heat stress and too conservative to inform safety decisions in professional beach volleyball.

  5. International technology-determined competitiveness and research and technology policy. A comparative study. Internationale technologiebestimmte Wettbewerbsfaehigkeit und Forschungs- und Technologiepolitik. Eine komparative Studie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Busch, R

    1987-01-01

    The study answers the following questions: What is international technological competition. How are the framework requirements, regarding innovation of chosen countries in Europe, Japan and the USA made available. To what extent and with which instruments are the countries under investigation prepared to engage in technological competition. Point of departure was the supposition that the international competitiveness of a country depends increasingly on the innovation capacity of its industries. Technological innovations then become a specific means of competition. It was ascertained that the technical complexity of the systems and products, the cost accumulation and the availability of qualified personnel are amongst the greatest problems of the industry of a country and, at the same time, offer starting points for a state-run research and technology policies. (orig./HSCH).

  6. Attractivité économique des investissements directs étrangers en zone CEMAC : harmonisation des instruments juridiques aux règles internationales

    OpenAIRE

    Memphil Ndi , Evelyne Patience

    2015-01-01

    The currents of the globalization of the markets, marked by the free movement of capital and the phenomenon of free trade supported the implementation of Community policies of economic revival and attractivity of the territories. It is in this impetus that geographical regroupings with economic aiming like the Economic community and Monetarist of Central Africa (CEMAC) appeared. Six countries of Central Africa of which Cameroon, Congo, Gabon, Equatorial Guinea, the Central African Republic an...

  7. Les pratiques de sélection des exécutifs dans les entreprises multinationales : gestion des ressources humaines dans la gestion des affaires internationales.

    OpenAIRE

    Lakshman , Sangeetha

    2013-01-01

    Multinationals that are moving abroad for its subsidiary operation may use any one of the typology such as Global, Multi-domestic,Transnational, and International strategy in order to manage and maintain their business abroad. International staffing is a critical elementof the implementation of the four strategies for doing business globally. In staffing the international operation, the organization mayfollow one of the three staffing approaches or a combination of three approaches (PCN, HCN,...

  8. International reactions after the resumption of nuclear tests: lot of noise for nothing?; Les reactions internationales a la reprise des essais nucleaires: beaucoup de bruit pour rien?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Montesquieu, E. de

    1996-07-01

    In 1995, the French President announced that France would perform an ultimate campaign of nuclear tests before a complete banishment as soon as spring 1996. The campaign effectively ended on time and six tests took place between September 5, 1995 and January 27, 1996. The disarmament process went on and the international negotiations in progress at that time were not affected by the French policy. However, this campaign has caused a strong emotion, if not in the entire World, at least in part of the planet and in particular in Western Europe. This report analyses the reactions from the different governments and from the public opinion and shows their impact on the French diplomacy. Content: Part 1 - general considerations: 1 - lot of noise for nothing?: the objectives of French diplomacy; the acts (a quasi lack of sanctions, a temporary degradation of our relations with a limited number of countries); the rhetoric (diplomatic regrets in first time, slip-ups in the second time, the public opinion weight); 2 - the lessons learnt: the opinion and the management of the foreign policy (the image of France, the communication fight); the geopolitical lessons (European Union: community solidarity and European defense; the South Pacific area); 3 - a case study: Japan: the time of uncertainties (domestic situation, external policy); the Japanese reactions after the tests resumption. Part 2 - synthesis of reactions after the resumption of nuclear tests by France: Pacific bordering countries (South Pacific, Latin America); Western Europe countries; non-European countries; Conclusions.

  9. The program of international intercomparison of accident dosimetry; Le programme d'intercomparaison internationale de dosimetrie d'accident 10-12 juin 2002

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-06-01

    The French institute of radioprotection and nuclear safety (IRSN) has carried out in June 2002 an international intercomparison program for the testing of the physical and biological accident dosimetry techniques. The intercomparison is jointly organized by the IRSN and the OECD-NEA with the sustain of the European commission and the collaboration of the CEA centre of Valduc (France). About 30 countries have participated to this program. Each country has supplied its own dosimeters and biological samples which have been irradiated using the Silene reactor of CEA-Valduc or a {sup 60}Co source. These experiments allow to test the new dosimetric techniques that have been developed since the previous intercomparison program (1993) and to confirm or improve the performances of older techniques. Aside from the intercomparison exercise, this report makes a status of the known radiological accidents and of the effects of high doses of ionizing radiations on human health (symptoms, therapeutics). It explains the phenomenology of criticality accidents, the prevention means, and the history of such accidents up to the Tokai-Mura one in 1999. Finally, the dosimetry of criticality is presented with its physical and biological techniques. (J.S.)

  10. Office fédéral de l'aviation civile OFAC bases légales : législation suisse et internationale

    CERN Document Server

    Les bases légales applicables en Suisse en matière d'aviation civile se fondent d'une part sur une réglementation suisse et d'autre part sur des accords, traités et conventions conclus au niveau international. Le droit international prime le droit interne.

  11. Burmese nuclear ambitions and their international implications: a look to the future; Ambitions nucleaires du Myanmar et implications internationales: une analyse prospective

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lewis, I. [Universite Laval, Quebec (Canada)

    2010-12-15

    The prospect of a nuclear-capable Burma merits debate within the scientific and international strategic communities. Irving Lewis looks at the effect it would have on South-East Asia, and Asia in general, the major security problems that would arise and the considerable impact it would have upon international security

  12. Zur Beteiligung des Bundestages an gemischten völkerrechtlichen Abkommen. Internationale Freihandelsabkommen als Herausforderung des deutschen Europa- und Außenverfassungsrechts / Bernd Grzeszick, Juliane Hettche

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Grzeszick, Bernd

    2016-01-01

    Jagatud pädevusest ELi kaubanduspoliitikas ja liikmesriigi parlamentide osalusest rahvusvaheliste vabakaubanduslepingute sõlmimisel Saksamaa näitel (põhiseaduse artiklite 23 lg 2 ja 59 lg 2 tõlgendamine ning konstitutsioonikohtu hinnang). Kokkuvõte inglise keeles. Samal teemal artikkel ka lk. 268-282.

  13. The Impact of NATO/Multinational Military Missions on Health Care Management (l'Impact des missions OTAN/militaires internationales sur la gestion des soins de sante)

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    2001-01-01

    ... (peacekeeping, humanitarian, disaster relief, etc.). Most of these missions are performed by multinational forces, which requires the cooperation of all military services including the medical support systems...

  14. International need of discussion concerning the implementation of the guideline 2013/59/Euratom; Internationaler Diskussionsbedarf bei der Umsetzung der Richtlinie 2013/59/Euratom

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brendebach, Boris [Gesellschaft fuer Anlagen- und Reaktorsicherheit (GRS) gGmbH, Koeln (Germany). Fachgebiet ' ' Stilllegung' '

    2017-10-01

    The implementation of the requirements of the guideline 2014/59/Euratom (radiation protection safety standards) is challenging for a number of EU member states. Several initiatives were introduced to support the member states accomplishing these challenges. In the frame of the initiatives indications were identified with respect to the need of harmonization for the embodiment of the regulations and the need of the recommendations for the implementation of the requirements. The contribution describes several initiatives and demonstrates exemplary the extracted insights.

  15. 7th international conference on Nuclear microprobe technology and applications; 7. conference internationale sur la technologie et les applications des microsondes nucleaires

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-07-01

    This colloquium gives an up-to-date report on the continuously advancing applications and development of microbeam technology. It presents abstracts and oral contributions in the following domains: microprobes facilities, analysis techniques, imaging techniques, micro-ion beam modification of materials, microelectronics, applications in Material Sciences in Biology in Medicine in earth and planetary Sciences in environment in art in archaeology, alternative techniques. (A.L.B.)

  16. International cooperation within the IRCP using the example of internal dosimetry; Internationale Zusammenarbeit innerhalb der ICRP am Beispiel der internen Dosimetrie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nosske, Dietmar

    2017-10-01

    IRCP is working since decades in the field of internal dosimetry and defines limiting values for occupational exposed persons, individuals in the population and patients in the diagnostic nuclear medicine that are worldwide included in the national and international radiation protection regulations. The effort to be as realistic as possible is producing continuously more complex models. This fact is delaying the respective values and aggravates the application of the models. In order to facilitate the application other institutions like EURADOS (European radiation dosimetry group) generate appropriate guidelines. Cooperation is taking place between ISRP and the respective institutions.

  17. La diplomatie française face à la nouveauté des adoptions internationales d'enfants dans les années 1960 et 1970

    OpenAIRE

    Denéchère , Yves

    2009-01-01

    International audience; In the legal vagueness which surrounds the first great movements of intercountry adoption, Quai d'Orsay and the French representatives abroad must handle of new situations. The study of archives shows that, after initial hesitation, the diplomacy knew how to adapt its practices by harmonizing the attitudes of its agents in coordination with other concerned ministries. The first circular in 1972 constitutes a start of the regulation of this international phenomenon.; Da...

  18. La biodiversité, entre appropriation privée, revendications de souveraineté et coopération internationale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Compagnon

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available L’approche en termes de bien commun ou de bien public mondial est difficilement applicable à la biodiversité, tant celle-ci est revendiquée par les Etats au titre de la souveraineté sur leur territoire et appropriée par l’industrie dans une logique de marché globalisé. En outre les politiques de conservation/gestion de la biodiversité n’ont pas le même contenu au plan local et au plan global. L’articulation entre régimes internationaux, politiques nationales et comportements locaux est au cœur de la définition d’une gouvernance transcalaire de la biodiversité.Notions like “global commons” and “global public goods” do not easily apply to biodiversity because the latter is claimed by the states in the name of sovereignty and apportioned to business companies in the context of a globalised market. Moreover conservation and management policies do not look alike at local, national and international levels. Therefore this coordination between international regimes and national and local levels is the main challenge of a truly transcalar biodiversity governance

  19. La coopération fiscale entre Etats dans la lutte contre la fraude et l'évasion fiscales internationales

    OpenAIRE

    Laumonier, Alexandre

    2017-01-01

    Tax fraud and tax avoidance are as old as tax itself. Economy’s globalisation and digitalazation have however confronted States with the limitations of their tax power that remains dependant on their territorial boundaries. More recently, the 2007-2008 financial crisis has drawn the attention of the public opinion on the extent of international tax fraud and avoidance as well as on the key role tax heavens play in this frame. The traditional and conventional legal tools States can use have re...

  20. Zur Analyse internationaler Migrationsprozesse. Makro-quantitative Perspektiven und eine vergleichende Fallstudie über die Lage der türkischen Community in Österreich.

    OpenAIRE

    Tausch, Arno

    2010-01-01

    The present article presents at first a German language summary about recent quantitative studies by the author and his associates about global development since the end of Communism in up to 175 nations of the world, using 26 predictor variables to evaluate the determinants of 30 processes of development on a global scale. As correctly predicted by quantitative dependency and world system research of the 1980s and 1990s, core capital penetration (MNC penetration) has very signifi...

  1. De invloed van ontwikkelingen in de internationale rechtsorde op de doorwerking naar Nederlands constitutioneel recht : een ‘neo-monistische’ benadering

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Besselink, L.F.M.; Wessel, R.A.

    2009-01-01

    This study analyzes the effect of international law under the Netherlands Constitution. It sketches new developments in the international legal order which affect the effect of international law of various nature in the Netherlands legal order. It argues that the Netherlands system is based on a

  2. The industrial application of fracture mechanics concepts discussed at the background of international standards and guidelines; Die industrielle Anwendung bruchmechanischer Konzepte vor dem Hintergrund internationaler Bewertungsvorschriften und Regelwerke

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zerbst, U. [GKSS-Forschungszentrum Geesthacht GmbH (Germany). Inst. fuer Werkstofforschung; Langenberg, P. [Ingenieurbuero fuer Werkstofftechnik, Aachen (Germany)

    2000-07-01

    Many features from the background for an intensified application of fracture mechanics concepts in many industries world-wide. These include requirements for a permanent increase of the level of performance of technical components and structures by the introduction of new materials, joining technologies and design principles, the problem of ageing components and life extension, an increased emphasis on non-destructive in-service inspection combined with improved NDT techniques, and also a number of failure events caused by fatigue and fracture The aim of the present paper is to give a brief state-of-the-art review on how fracture mechanics is applied in different industrial branches today. This is based on standards and guidelines in the aerospace industry, in the nuclear and fossil power generation, in the chemical and petrochemical and the pipeline industry, in civil engineering, offshore technique and other fields. Based on the review an outlook is given on a future development that would be reasonable and desirable from the point of view of a basically unified philosophy of fracture mechanics application. (orig.) [German] Die Erhoehung der Leistungsparameter vieler Maschinen und Anlagen verbunden mit dem Einsatz neuer Werkstoffe, Fuegeverfahren und Konstruktionsprinzipien, der Betrieb vieler Strukturen ueber ihre projektierte Lebensdauer hinaus, technische Verbesserungen und ein durchgaengigerer Einsatz zerstoerungsfreier Defektpruefverfahren, aber auch immer wieder einmal auftretende Schadensfaelle bilden den Hintergrund fuer die zunehmende Nutzung bruchmechanischer Bewertungsvorschriften in der industriellen Praxis. Die vorliegende Studie zieht eine momentane Bilanz dieser Entwicklung am Beispiel von Fachbereichsstandards der Luft- und Raumfahrtindustrie, der konventionellen und Kernkrafttechnik, der Chemie und Petrochemie, der Pipelineindustrie, des Stahlbaus, der Offshore-Technik und anderer Bereiche. Ausgehend von dieser Bestandsaufnahme wird ein Ausblick auf die weitere Entwicklung versucht, wie sie vom Standpunkt eines moeglichst einheitlichen Anwendungskonzeptes fuer die bruchmechanische Bauteilbewertung sinnvoll und wuenschenswert erscheint. (orig.)

  3. Klimaneutrale Gebäude – Internationale Konzepte, Umsetzungsstrategien und Bewertungsverfahren für Null- und Plusenergiegebäude

    OpenAIRE

    Musall, Eike

    2016-01-01

    Der Gebäudesektor hat sowohl in Deutschland als auch in den übrigen Industrienationen einen entscheidenden Anteil am Gesamtenergieverbrauch und Klimagasausstoß. Seine energetische Verbesserung nimmt daher im Zuge des anstehenden Klimawandels und der Verknappung der (Energie-)Ressourcen eine entscheidende Rolle ein. Abgesteckte Ziele geben für die Baubranche - isoliert betrachtet - Einsparungen bei den CO2-Gesamtemissionen in Höhe von rund 90 % in den nächsten vier Dekaden vor. Die Europäi...

  4. Institutionalizing the evaluation of health programs and policies in France: cuisine internationale over fast food and sur mesure over ready-made

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hartz Zulmira M. A.

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this article is to describe several chronological milestones in institutionalizing the evaluation of public programs and policies in France from a governmental perspective and in the health sector, situating such references in the international context. The institutional nature of evaluation implies integrating it into an action-oriented model, linking analytical activities to management, thus constituting the formulation of an evaluation policy for policy evaluation. The study focuses on issues related to the structure, practice, and utilization of evaluation results as well as other characteristics providing the French model with a certain resistance to traditional "fast-food" or "ready-made" methodological approaches. The institutionalization of sectorial evaluation appears more promising than that of the government's centralized channel, despite the work developed by a Scientific Evaluation Council, and suggests avenues for reflection and debate pertaining to the Brazilian Unified Health System.

  5. Institutionalizing the evaluation of health programs and policies in France: cuisine internationale over fast food and sur mesure over ready-made

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zulmira M. A. Hartz

    Full Text Available The purpose of this article is to describe several chronological milestones in institutionalizing the evaluation of public programs and policies in France from a governmental perspective and in the health sector, situating such references in the international context. The institutional nature of evaluation implies integrating it into an action-oriented model, linking analytical activities to management, thus constituting the formulation of an evaluation policy for policy evaluation. The study focuses on issues related to the structure, practice, and utilization of evaluation results as well as other characteristics providing the French model with a certain resistance to traditional "fast-food" or "ready-made" methodological approaches. The institutionalization of sectorial evaluation appears more promising than that of the government's centralized channel, despite the work developed by a Scientific Evaluation Council, and suggests avenues for reflection and debate pertaining to the Brazilian Unified Health System.

  6. Institutionalizing the evaluation of health programs and policies in France: "cuisine internationale" over fast food and "sur mesure" over ready-made.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hartz, Z M

    1999-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to describe several chronological milestones in institutionalizing the evaluation of public programs and policies in France from a governmental perspective and in the health sector, situating such references in the international context. The institutional nature of evaluation implies integrating it into an action-oriented model, linking analytical activities to management, thus constituting the formulation of an evaluation policy for policy evaluation. The study focuses on issues related to the structure, practice, and utilization of evaluation results as well as other characteristics providing the French model with a certain resistance to traditional "fast-food" or "ready-made" methodological approaches. The institutionalization of sectorial evaluation appears more promising than that of the government's centralized channel, despite the work developed by a Scientific Evaluation Council, and suggests avenues for reflection and debate pertaining to the Brazilian Unified Health System.

  7. Isabella Löhr, Die Globalisierung geistiger Eigentumsrechte. Neue Strukturen internationaler Zusammenarbeit (1886-1952 (Kritische Studien zur Geschichtswissenschaft 195. Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, Göttingen, 2010, 342 S.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudia Lydorf

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available In ihrer Dissertation verfolgt Isabella Löhr die Frage, wie sich ausgehend von der nationalen Gesetzgebung des 19. Jh. hin zum Welturheberrechtsabkommen von 1952 der globale Urheberrechtschutz entwickelte. Aus einer globalen Perspektive analysiert die Autorin eine Vielzahl von Aspekten, zum Beispiel den Einfluss des Urheberrechts auf die Entwicklung der Buchproduktion und die herausragende Rolle der Organisationen, die den Urheberrechtsschutz institutionalisierten.

  8. La mise en œuvre des règles internationales relatives à la protection des personnes vulnérables au Cameroun

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Koukolo Koukolo, Germain

    2016-01-01

    The topic of this research is: The Implementation of International Rules related to the Protection of Vulnerable Persons in Cameroon. Implementation is one most topical issues with respect to Human Rights in developing countries. States have adopted international rules concerning vulnerable persons,

  9. Varens kontraktmæssighed i internationale køb. En undersøgelse af mangelsbegrebet i CISG art. 35

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henschel, Rene Franz

    Bogen er forfatterens ph.d.-afhandling. The book is the authors Ph.D.-thesis, with the title: Conformity of goods under CISG art. 35.......Bogen er forfatterens ph.d.-afhandling. The book is the authors Ph.D.-thesis, with the title: Conformity of goods under CISG art. 35....

  10. French and International experience on the dialogue around industrial sites; Experience francaise et internationales sur la concertation autour des sites industriels

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schneider, Th. [Centre d' Etude sur l' Evaluation de la Protection dans le Domaine Nucleaire, CEPN, 92 - Fontenay aux Roses (France); Heriard Dubreuil, G.; Gadbois, S. [Mutadis, 94 - Vitry (France); Oudiz, A. [Institut de Radioprotection et de Surete Nucleaire (IRSN), 92 - Clamart (France); Remond Gouilloud, M. [Paris-6 Univ. Sorbonne, 75 (France)

    2002-12-15

    This report presents the results of a research work about 'the stakes of the dialogue around the follow up of nuclear and non nuclear industrial installations'. It used the experience of the North Cotentin radioecology group where expertise has been implemented in order to evaluate the impact on health of the releases of the Cogema La Hague plant. This report is the fruit of an interdisciplinary group ( experts of activities with risks, radiation protection, regulation in environment). (N.C.)

  11. Climate protection as a national and international policy area. Intergovernmental cooperation and national implementation; Klimaschutz als nationales und internationales Politikfeld. Zwischenstaatliche Kooperation und nationalstaatliche Implementierung

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Itzenplitz, Anja

    2012-07-01

    The anthropogenic greenhouse effect widely is regarded as the primary environmental problem of our time. At first, the author of the book under consideration provides a comprehensive overview of the current climate protection and systematizes the climate protection as a global public good. Based on this, the author examined the implementation of the international targets of climate protection at the national level by the example of the Federal Republic of Germany. For this, the efficiency of the German climate policy strategy is analyzed in order to achieve reductions in greenhouse gas emissions. In application of political-economic theories on the process of climate political decision-making, a political market for national climate protection will be conceptualized, and the rational behaviour of the various stakeholders empirically is verified. The observed inefficient special rules and exceptions can be explained as a result of the political influence by the stakeholders.

  12. Tailwind for the climate protection? New ways to maintain international financial commitments; Rueckenwind fuer den Klimaschutz? Neue Wege zur Einhaltung internationaler Finanzzusagen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schroeder, Frank

    2011-02-15

    The contribution under consideration reports on the upcoming challenges of the climate protection financing in developing countries. The extent of the probably required financing and the current status of the development of the developed countries are presented. Ambiguities regarding the out-payment and tracking of the financial contributions for the climate protection are described. Subsequently, a series of general criteria for the evaluation of the different financing sources are invoked. These criteria are based on principles originated from the UNFCC (United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change; Bonn, Federal Republic of Germany) climate protection negotiations and consider a broader development political context and certain equity considerations. The advantages and disadvantages of potential sources of income of developed countries are discussed in order to fulfil promises for new and additional resources for adaptation measures and preventative measures in developing countries. These arguments are embedded in a general structure and classified with respect to their revenue potential and political feasibility. This analysis is closely based on a methodological approach and on the suggestions made by the AGF. The analysis closes with a brief assessment of the possible effects of the activities of AGF on the Government decision-makers. Furthermore the analysis shows how their results may strengthen the mutual trust of the countries in order to contribute to the climate agreement as well as to the national action.

  13. Markets for electric power. International experience and its applicability to German conditions. Maerkte fuer Strom. Internationale Erfahrungen und Uebertragbarkeit auf Deutschland

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Klopfer, T; Schulz, W

    1993-01-01

    The electricity supply in all countries has traditionally been organised in enclosed supply areas (regional monopoly). During the worldwide trend of privatisation and deregulation, a process towards competitivity in the power supply of many countries has been started. In England and Norway, market fragmentation has been created in the power industry. Future markets are emerging. These developments have influenced considerations on creating an internal market for energy in Europe. The study illustrates the experiences of reform in other countries (e.g. England, Norway, USA) and discusses opportunities for competitiveness reforms in Germany and Europe. (orig.)

  14. Nuclear systems of the future. Stakes, R and D strategy, and international cooperation; Les systemes nucleaires du futur. Enjeux, strategie de recherche et developpement, et cooperation internationale

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2005-07-01

    As demonstrated by prospective studies, nuclear energy will represent a decisive contribution in the future energy mix. The long-term strategy of development of nuclear energy requires to foresee a new generation of nuclear systems, named generation 4. The goal of these new systems is to optimize the use of nuclear fuels, to minimize the generation of wastes and to enlarge the field of applications of nuclear energy to other applications like: hydrogen and synthetic fuels generation, heat generation for the industry etc. This document presents the French R and D strategy on nuclear systems of 4. generation that has been approved by the public authorities. This strategy follows three axes: a priority research on fast neutron systems with fuel recycle (sodium fast reactors (SFR) and gas fast reactors (GFR)), a research on key-technologies for the supply of very high temperature heat (very high temperature reactor (VHTR), fast and thermal neutron reactors, and water decomposition processes), and a continuation of researches on PWR reactors improvement. An integral recycling of all actinides in fast neutron reactors requires the development of new fuel reprocessing and fuel re-fabrication processes. A reference scenario for the progressive renewal of French nuclear facilities foresees the simultaneous development of fast neutron systems and the start-up of a new spent fuel reprocessing plant. France in involved in the development of the SFR, GFR and VHTR systems thanks to its participation to the Generation 4 international forum and to bilateral cooperation with other big nuclear partners like Russia and China. One of the main stakes of the French nuclear industry is to be able to invest in the R and D of future nuclear systems in order to valorize the experience gained so far in sodium FBR systems and in fuel cycle processes. (J.S.)

  15. « Un chaos savamment ordonné… ». L’élaboration conceptuelle de l’Exposition internationale japonaise en 2005

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sophie Houdart

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available  « Pas besoin de roman, Orsenna, ni même de nouvelles, moi je ne suis écrivain que de quelques mots. “Un chaos savamment ordonné de plantes, d’animaux et d’êtres humains”.Dites-moi, Orsenna, franchement, c’est bien ça une exposition coloniale : ça et rien que ça ?Alors [Gruvel] proposait à chaque séanceson chaos. […]Le chef de service proposait une descriptiondu palais des Colonies :“Derrière son élégante et pure colonnade, la haute façade apparaîtra tout entière transformée en une immense fr...

  16. Présentation d'une formule pratique d'estimation de l'évaporation potentielle, conforme aux nouvelles recommandations internationales

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lhomme, J. P.; Monteny, B.

    1982-03-01

    This paper begins to recall new concepts concerning evapotranspiration as they have been specified by the round-table conference of Budapest in May 1977. The potential evaporation ( EP) is now defined as the evaporation of a crop whose all exchange surfaces (leaves, stalks,...) are saturated, i.e., covered with a thin film of water. It can be calculated by a theoretical formula of Penman type. We give the reasons why it is interesting to use grass potential evaporation ( EP g ) as reference. The empirical relationships to estimate in this case the net radiation and the aerodynamic component of the formula have been derived from measurements made in Ivory Coast (West Africa). The relationship (8) has been obtained. It gives the daily value of EP g in millimeters of water per day (mm/d). The values calculated by this formula are compared to measurements of grass maximal evapotranspiration ( ETM g ).

  17. 6TH Saint Petersburg International Conference on Integrated Navigation Systems. (6eme Conference Internationale de Saint Petersbourg sur les Systemes de Navigation Integree)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1999-10-01

    Kharisov V.N., Perov A.I., Boldin V.A. (editors). 1977. The global satelllite radio-navigational system 20. Wu W.-R. Target tracking with glint...the coordinates of the OP techniques for their searching and extracting in deep seas. These techniques. have yielded Researches have shown that, an OP

  18. After Fukushima? On the educational and learning theoretical reflection of nuclear disasters. International perspectives; Nach Fukushima? Zur erziehungs- und bildungstheoretischen Reflexion atomarer Katastrophen. Internationale Perspektiven

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wigger, Lothar; Buenger, Carsten (eds.) [Technische Univ. Dortmund (Germany). Bereich Allgemeine Erziehungswissenschaft; Platzer, Barbara [Technische Univ. Dortmund (Germany)

    2017-08-01

    The book on the educational and learning theoretical reflection of nuclear disasters as a consequence of Fukushima includes contributions on the following issues: pedagogical approach: children write on Fukushima, description of the reality as pedagogical challenge; lessons learned on the nuclear technology - perspectives and limits of pedagogical evaluation: moral education - Japanese teaching materials, educational challenges at the universities with respect to nuclear technology and technology impact assessment; education and technology - questions concerning the pedagogical responsibility: considerations on the responsibility of scientists, on the discrepancy between technology and education, disempowerment of the public by structural corruption - nuclear disaster and post-democratic tendencies in Japan.

  19. L'année internationale des légumineuses n'était qu'un début | CRDI ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    17 janv. 2017 ... Au cours des deux dernières décennies, les légumineuses, jadis peu cultivées, sont devenues un produit agricole clé au Canada : le pays est désormais le premier exportateur mondial de légumineuses, qui représentent la 5e culture la plus importante au Canada. Fort de son expertise, le Canada peut ...

  20. Koncernbegreber i regnskabs- og selskabsretten - et studium i koncernbegrebers tilblivelse og indhold med baggrund i samspillet mellem internationale regnskabsstandarder, EU-retten og national ret

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Anne Birgitte Søgaard

    Siden 2005 har europæiske børsnoterede selskaber skullet aflægge koncernregnskaber efter IASB-organisationens regnskabsstandarder, og siden 2009-reformerne af henholdsvis årsregnskabsloven og selskabsloven har disse loves koncernbegreber skullet fortolkes i overensstemmelse hermed. Dette rejser en...

  1. Environmental impacts of incineration of livestock manure with the purpose of energy utilization. Scenario analysis for a specific catchment area; Miljoekonsekvenser ved afbraending af husdyrgoedning med sigte pae energiudnyttelse. Scenarieanalyse for et udvalgt opland

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schou, J.S.; Gyldenkaerne, S.; Levin, G. [DMU, Afd. for Systemanalyse (Denmark); Grant, R. [DMU, Afdeling for Ferskvandsoekologi (Denmark); Elmegaard, N. [DMU, Afdeling for Terrestrisk Oekologi (Denmark); Palmgren, F. [DMU, Afd. for Atmosfaerisk Miljoe (Denmark)

    2006-04-15

    The analyses demonstrate the environmental consequences of incineration of livestock manure in a specific catchment area where an unchanged animal production is presumed. The scenarios are carried out for the Vesthimmerland area, located in the north of the peninsula of Jutland (Denmark) where the agricultural production is characterised by a relatively intensive production of broilers and furred animals. It is assumed that half of the total production of manure from farms with broilers and mink is incinerated on incineration plants on farm level and decentralised CHP plants. This corresponds to an incineration of manure from 1.951 DE (one animal unit corresponds to a production of 100 kg N per year) at which 219 tonnes N, 54 tonnes P and 118 tonnes K are removed, corresponding to 5 % N, 5.5 % P and 3 % K, respectively. The estimated environmental consequences are summarized in Table 19 and the results are commented below. Assuming the effective N content of the incinerated manure is replaced with artificial fertiliser while not compensating for the removed P, it is estimated that the N leaching in the catchment area is reduced by 46.5 tonnes (approx. 2 %) while the P surplus is reduced from 200 tonnes to 146 tonnes (approx. 27 % reduction). Furthermore the incineration of manure will impact the emission of ammonia as the loss from storage and spreading is reduced. Thus there will be a reduction of ammonia emissions from storage facilities by 25.3 tonnes N while the reduction of emission from spreading is estimated to 17.2 tonnes N. All together a reduction of the ammonia emissions of 42.5 tonnes N is thus achieved. Furthermore, analyses of additional deposition of gaseous N compounds, especially N{sub 2}O, NO, NO{sub 2} and N{sub 2} from the air in the area close to an incineration plant have been carried out. The analyses presume that the amount of N emitted from incineration corresponds to the amount of N in manure. The analyses show that if the NO{sub X} concentration in the smoke is equal to the limit value set in the waste incineration directive (200 mg/m{sup 3}) the deposition in the vicinity of the incineration plants will be relatively small (0.1 kg N with a chimney height of 25 m) compared with the general deposition of 10-20 kg N/ha. To the extent of which N is lost from storage as ammonia or N is accumulated in ash it will reduce the emissions of gaseous N compounds proportionally. It has not been possible to analyse these aspects further. The allocation of the gaseous N compounds of NO{sub X} and pure N will depend very much of the incineration technology and management. In connection with the estimations of the changed nutrient loads the sensitivity of the effected recipients must be included. This implies that the affect will vary between localities, a fact that has not been elucidated in the present analysis. The changed manure practise, as a consequence of the incineration, will also have consequences for the emissions of greenhouse gases, in the form of a reduction of the emission of methane and nitrous oxide and a reduced storage of CO{sub 2} in the soil. At present the effect on Denmark's reduction commitment of greenhouse gases cannot be assessed as it depends on the time frame and whether Denmark chooses to use storage of C in farmland as a mean to fulfil its reduction commitment. Please note that the effects on the greenhouse gas emissions as a result of the manure not being spread in the fields as well as possible transport to incineration plants are not included in this analysis. Under these circumstances a reduction in the greenhouse gas emissions at 2,434 tonnes CO{sub 2} eqv. is achieved. The possibility of using the ash, produced from incineration, for fertiliser purposes depends on a number of conditions. Provided the entire ash fraction is spread on farmland it is likely that the limit values for heavy metals defined in the Danish Sludge directive is exceeded. However, if it is possible to split the ash into different fractions, in which the P content is separated from the heavy metals, the P content can be used for fertilising purposes. Another and more costly option is to process and refine the ash into fertilisers. In both cases there may be a need for deposition of a part of the ash. This would actually act as a sink for heavy metals in agriculture, which may be an advantage in terms of environmental management, but this deposition will cost money. Incineration of livestock manure must, today, be seen as a solution primarily feasible to environmental issues connected to the individual farm or catchment area. This could be e.g. realisation of demands posed in connection with an environmental approval or the fulfilment of the environmental goals for a water body in relation to the EU Water Framework Directive. The technology is, on the other hand, not expected to have a larger potential on a 'here and now'- basis, because the share of the livestock manure applicable for incineration is small and the availability of energy production plants suitable for incineration of livestock manure is limited. (au)

  2. CO{sub 2} reduction cost for bio-diesel, Danish produced bio-diesel based on rape seed; CO{sub 2} reduktionsomkostninger ved biodiesel. Dansk produceret biodiesel pae raps

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Carlsen, Kirsten; Kjellingbro, M; Mogensen, Martin Frank; Kohl, M

    2006-12-15

    Bio-diesel based on rape seed (RME, Rape Methyl Esther), often referred to as first generation bio-diesel, is a renewable fuel with CO{sub 2} reduction potential. Mixed with conventional diesel it can be used directly in existing diesel engines. The EU target for the use of bio-fuels in the transport sector was 2 % by 2005 and is 5.75 % by 2010. In Denmark, the use of bio-fuels in the transport sector is not viewed as a cost-effective CO{sub 2} reduction measure. This conclusion concerning the cost-effectiveness of bio-fuels was partly based on calculations of the CO2 reduction cost for Danish-produced RME made by the Danish Energy Authority in 2003. At that time the cost was estimated at 360 DKK/tonne CO{sub 2}. Since then some of the assumptions behind the calculations have changed. The overall objective of this report is to update the Danish Energy Authority's study from 2003, taking into account revised assumptions. The report also attempts to examine the uncertainties associated with the calculations by including extended sensitivity analyses. The report draws the following conclusions: 1) The CO{sub 2} reduction cost for Danish produced RME is estimated at 860 DKK/tonne CO{sub 2}, which is significantly higher than the result obtained by the Danish Energy Authority in 2003. 2) The difference from the Danish Energy Authority's original calculations is principally due to a higher rape seed price based on the market price on rape seed. 3) The uncertainty in both estimates is substantial, and there is about 15 % probability of the reduction costs being lower than the target of 180 DKK/tonne CO2 set by the government. (au)

  3. Development and demonstration of Denmark's first low-energy class 1 office building with focus on electricity consumption. Final report; Udvikling og demonstration af Danmarks foerste lavenergiklasse 1 kontorbyggeri med fokus pae elforbrug. Slutrapport

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stephansen, C. [En2tech, Skanderborg (Denmark); Nellemose Knudsen, H. [Aalborg Univ., Statens Byggeforskningsinstitut (SBi), Koebenhavn (Denmark); Busk Rohde, T. [EnergiMidt, Silkeborg (Denmark); Nielsen, Allan [Insight Building Automation, Silkeborg (Denmark)

    2012-12-15

    The company EnergiMidt's new office building is established as a low-energy class 1 building, and although it has shown a significantly higher consumption than expected in the first 1.5 years of operation, extensive experience and knowledge of the development and implementation of a low-energy class 1 building was provided, as well as of the possibilities for improvements so that low energy requirements can realistically be achieved. Employees' expectations for the new systems and indoor climate are largely met, but considerable experience is also gained about how to introduce and adapt new technology in the workplace for the employees. (LN)

  4. Towards the methane society? Use of hydrogen for upgrading biogas and synthetic methane production. Phase 1. Final report; Pae vej mod metansamfundet? - anvendelse af brint til opgradering af biogas og kunstig metanfremstilling. Fase 1. Slutrapport

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mortensen, Claus [Agro Business Park, Tjele (Denmark)

    2012-11-15

    Biogas consists of methane (CH4) and CO{sub 2}. If you react hydrogen produced with wind power with CO{sub 2} in sulfur purified biogas you get biogas upgraded to pure methane, ie. to natural gas quality. The pure methane can for example be sold via the natural gas grid or pressurized and sold for transport. The purpose of the present project is to contribute to the development of a concept and a technology that can store wind energy into the existing natural gas network through the upgrading of CO{sub 2} in biogas. Overall the project combines the technique and concept of electrolysis, biogas upgrading and natural gas network, so that: - electrolysis creates hydrogen and heat from wind turbines; - CO{sub 2} in biogas reacts with H2 from the electrolysis and produces CH4 and high-value steam by biogas reacting directly with H2 in a catalyst ; - The natural gas network is used as distribution and storage of the produced methane. The following main results are achieved in the first phase: - Design and construction of a pilot plant for the purification of biogas, which allows a Sabatier reaction later in the methanization process; - Sensitivity analyses have been carried out of methane prices, which have proven to be competitive compared to other upgrading technologies in the market; - A business plan is developed for a demonstration plant, which among other things will be used in phase 2: demonstration plant. The competitor analysis shows, among other things, a higher efficiency rate of the Danish technology than on the methanization plants being developed in Germany. (LN)

  5. DESIK final report. Energy wise design and regulation of the secondary side of indirect cooling systems with natural coolants; DESIK slutrapportering. Energirigtig design og regulering af sekundaersiden pae indirekte koeleanlaeg med naturlige koelemidler

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jakobsen, Arne

    2006-02-15

    The project's aim was to produce knowledge and tools to facilitate the process of implementing energy efficient secondary cooling systems, or merely to avoid overconsumption of energy on account of insufficient relevant professional background. The project has been communicated as a PC tool, which can be ordered from aj(commercial at)ipu.dk. Project focus has been on some general aspects of secondary systems as well as two scopes of application: supermarket cooling systems and air conditioning of office buildings. (BA)

  6. "See on ülesanne, mis mõtlevate inimeste üle jõu on käinud" : valdade liitmise reformid Eestis / Taavi Pae, Erki Tammiksaar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pae, Taavi, 1976-

    2015-01-01

    Esimeset valdade reformist Eesti alal. Valdade reformi takerdumisest iseseisvas Eestis. 1939. aastal jõustunud omavalitsuste reformi tagamaadest. Teise valdade liitmise reformi käigust. Peamistest probleemidest vallapiiride muutmisel.

  7. CO{sub 2} reduction cost for bio-diesel, Danish produced bio-diesel based on rape seed; CO{sub 2} reduktionsomkostninger ved biodiesel. Dansk produceret biodiesel pae raps

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Carlsen, Kirsten; Kjellingbro, M.; Mogensen, Martin Frank; Kohl, M.

    2006-12-15

    Bio-diesel based on rape seed (RME, Rape Methyl Esther), often referred to as first generation bio-diesel, is a renewable fuel with CO{sub 2} reduction potential. Mixed with conventional diesel it can be used directly in existing diesel engines. The EU target for the use of bio-fuels in the transport sector was 2 % by 2005 and is 5.75 % by 2010. In Denmark, the use of bio-fuels in the transport sector is not viewed as a cost-effective CO{sub 2} reduction measure. This conclusion concerning the cost-effectiveness of bio-fuels was partly based on calculations of the CO2 reduction cost for Danish-produced RME made by the Danish Energy Authority in 2003. At that time the cost was estimated at 360 DKK/tonne CO{sub 2}. Since then some of the assumptions behind the calculations have changed. The overall objective of this report is to update the Danish Energy Authority's study from 2003, taking into account revised assumptions. The report also attempts to examine the uncertainties associated with the calculations by including extended sensitivity analyses. The report draws the following conclusions: 1) The CO{sub 2} reduction cost for Danish produced RME is estimated at 860 DKK/tonne CO{sub 2}, which is significantly higher than the result obtained by the Danish Energy Authority in 2003. 2) The difference from the Danish Energy Authority's original calculations is principally due to a higher rape seed price based on the market price on rape seed. 3) The uncertainty in both estimates is substantial, and there is about 15 % probability of the reduction costs being lower than the target of 180 DKK/tonne CO2 set by the government. (au)

  8. Methods of supporting learning and development of competence's with a view to electricity conservation - exemplified by hotels and restaurants; Metoder der kan stoette medarbejdernes laering og kompetanceudvikling med henblik pae el-besparelser - eksemplificeret ved hoteller og restauranter

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2005-12-15

    This report explains the R and D project and provides the background for the developed overview model and the established homepage under www.horesta/elfor.dk, where the results from the project are published. The aim of this project has been to develop and test a method that can support learning and competence development in relation to energy consumption in hotels and restaurants. The aim being to support the employee's ability and will to act towards occurring problems and provide solutions to energy consumption. The project has resulted in the development of an overview model, which support the learning, and competence development of the employees. The model has three main elements or pillars: the hotel, the strategy of involvement and the energy conservation process. Each of them contains a 'descriptive level' and a 'result layer' with conclusions in relation to potentials and barriers. Furthermore there is included a layer of examples. Initial there has been made a systematic mapping of the energy consumption in hotels and restaurants in relation to the building design and the behaviours of the employees. Special focus has been given to the possibilities for energy conservation through change in the behaviour and habits of consuming energy. The mapping is based on already available materials/methods to up-date these materials/methods the energy consumption was registered in 6 typical hotels and restaurants. The mapping covered measurement of the total electricity consumption and the consumption at selected areas/apparatus followed by a registration of the utilisation of locations and apparatus to identify significant possibilities for conservation of electricity. The effect for savings on electricity and especially the behavioural related savings was evaluated and good practices were established. The most promising possibilities for savings were described in guidelines. These guidelines, which are registered at the project homepage and have been forwarded to the project participants, have been used in connection with dialog meetings with the involved companies. The method in the project is based on involvement of the employees from the selected hotels and restaurants a method anchored in action research or the research based development work. Insight in the location is seen as the crucial for the employee's competence/ability to act and the employees are seen as the 'experts' in relation to the changes, which can be made. The projects is based on qualitative research methods and learning and competence development. The project has taken its foundation in this knowledge with regard to develop a new understanding on how knowledge can be connected to action within the area investigated in the project. I.e.: 1) Specify the kind of knowledge that contribute to the employee's ability and will to act and change. 2) Pin point the barriers of different groups in relation to take action, including problems in relation to use explicit knowledge in decision processes which have consequences for the action and behaviour. 3) Enlighten connections between knowledge, actions and participation in learning- and change processes, which include energy consumption and behaviour. 4) Educated understanding of how employees can expand their ways and means to act in relation to consumption of energy, including a way to document technological, normative and organisatorial support structures for action. There has been established a homepage containing information of the project and the results of the project: www.horesta/elfor.dk. The homepage can be used by both case companies and non-participating companies having a general interest in energy conservation. The target group is the employees at hotel (and restaurants). There has been elaborated a folder describing ways and means to involve employees and it can serve as inspiration for both contributors and non-participating companies. The folder has been placed on the homepage under 'materials'. The folder has however also been send to the contributing companies. Furthermore here has been elaborated an idea catalogue for companies which plan to start projects on electricity savings involving employees. Information of the learning's and experiences from the project has been prepared in form of an overview model, which has been put on the homepage. The model is made in a way that different target groups can utilise it as the tool to support the implementation of the electric saving process with involvement of the employees. There has been made a short introduction to the overview model on the homepage especially directed to employees at the hotels. The information can also be used as a folder. Highlights from the project were summaries in connection with the conclusion of the project on dialogue meetings with companies and energy advisers. One of the conclusions of the project is that the model for involvement of employees and the highlights from the development project are exemplary and can be utilised by other businesses that hotels and restaurants, when companies and energy advisers initiates electricity savings and involvement of employees. The project has been carried through with a working group of employees from the Environmental department at HORESTA, HTS, Groen Noegle, Dansk Energianalyse and DPU. Researchers and project participants from DPU have been responsible for the content of the project and for the development and test of methods for involving employees with the aim to carry through electricity savings. Dansk Energi Analyse has carried through the mapping of energy consumption and the information of results to the companies. HORESTA has been responsible for the contact to the companies and the information of the results of the project shown on HORESTAs homepage. (au)

  9. Krav om legitimitet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Nina Blom

    Principperne i krisekommunikation og risikokommunikation trækker på nogle punkter på vidt forskellige rationaler. Krisekommunikation kan ses som en opgave, der handler om at en organisation skal opretholde legitimitet, sikre sit omdømme og minimere omfanget af en krise, mens risikokommunikation k...... omkring betydningen af indtryksstyring (impression management) og om det får konsekvenser for samfundets evne til at kommunikere åbent om risici og trusler....

  10. Farestrategier og trampolinleg

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Karoff, Helle Skovbjerg

    Vild og farlig leg på havetrampoliner udfordrer børns sikkerhed og tryghed og er samtidig både udviklende og udfordrende. Børn kan lære at håndtere risici, når de leger på trampolinen. Helle Skovbjerg Karoff er adjunkt ved Aalborg Universitet/København og knyttet til forskningslaboratoriet for IT...

  11. Diversities of phthalate esters in suburban agricultural soils and wasteland soil appeared with urbanization in China

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kong Shaofei; Ji Yaqin; Liu Lingling; Chen Li; Zhao Xueyan; Wang Jiajun; Bai Zhipeng; Sun Zengrong

    2012-01-01

    The distribution of six priority phthalic acid esters (PAEs) in suburban farmland, vegetable, orchard and wasteland soils of Tianjin were obtained with gas chromatography-mass spectrometer analysis in 2009. Results showed that total PAEs varied from 0.05 to 10.4 μg g −1 , with the median value as 0.32 μg g −1 . Di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate and di-n-butyl phthalate are most abundant species. PAEs concentrations for the four types of soils exhibited decreasing order as vegetable soil > wasteland soil > farmland soil > orchard soil. PAEs exhibited elevated levels in more developed regions when compared with other studies. The agricultural plastic film could elevate the PAEs contents in soils. Principal component analysis indicated the emission from cosmetics and personal care products and plasticizers were important sources for PAEs in suburban soils in Tianjin. The higher PAEs contents in wasteland soils from suburban area should be paid more attention owing to large amounts of solid wastes appeared with the ongoing urbanization. - Highlights: ► PAEs levels in four types of soils in suburban area of Tianjin were studied. ► Vegetable soil and wasteland soil exhibited higher PAEs concentrations. ► PAEs in wasteland soils from suburban area of cities in China should be paid attention. - (1) Vegetable soil and wasteland soil exhibited higher PAEs concentrations; (2) PAEs in wasteland soils from suburban area of cities in China should be paid attention.

  12. Elucidating adsorption mechanisms of phthalate esters upon carbon nanotubes/graphene and natural organic acid competitive effects in water by DFT and MD calculations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wang, Zhuang; Wang, Se; Chen, Min Dong; Xu, Defu [Collaborative Innovation Center of Atmospheric Environment and Equipment Technology, Jiangsu KeyLaboratory of Atmospheric Environment Monitoring and Pollution Control (AEMPC), School ofEnvironmental Science and Engineering, Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology, Nanjing (China); Tang, Lili [Jiangsu Environmental Monitoring Centre, Nanjing (China); Wang, Degao [Dept. of Environmental Science and Engineering, Dalian Maritime University, Dalian (China)

    2015-06-15

    Simulations at multiple levels were performed to investigate the aqueous adsorption of phthalate esters (PAEs) on carbon nanoparticles and to find the competitive effect of a low molecular weight natural organic acid (benzoic acid) on the adsorption process. Six PAEs of varying alkyl side chain lengths and three carbon-based nanomaterials including a single-walled carbon nanotube (SWNT), double-walled carbon nanotube (DWNT), and graphene (G) were studied. Results showed that the adsorption energies calculated using density functional theory increase with increasing length of the PAE alkyl chain. G exhibits higher adsorption capacity for the PAEs than SWNT and DWNT. The absolute adsorption energies of these systems also display a positive linear correlation with the hydrophobicity of the PAE molecules. Molecular dynamics simulations indicate that the presence of neutral/anionic benzoic acid in water alleviates the PAE adsorption. Furthermore, anionic benzoic acid exerts more impact on the PAE adsorption than the neutral form.

  13. Opteren voor de Netherlands Commercial Court

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hoeben, J.; Keirse, A.L.M.; Reijneveld, M.D.

    Internationale contracten leiden tot internationale handelsgeschillen. Deze kunnen onder meer worden beslecht bij een commercial court. In Nederland wordt momenteel een Netherlands Commercial Court (NCC) opgericht. Dit introduceert een keuze voor (contracts)partijen voor een nieuw forum voor

  14. Comparative genome analysis provides insights into the evolution and adaptation of Pseudomonas syringae pv. aesculi on Aesculus hippocastanum.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sarah Green

    Full Text Available A recently emerging bleeding canker disease, caused by Pseudomonas syringae pathovar aesculi (Pae, is threatening European horse chestnut in northwest Europe. Very little is known about the origin and biology of this new disease. We used the nucleotide sequences of seven commonly used marker genes to investigate the phylogeny of three strains isolated recently from bleeding stem cankers on European horse chestnut in Britain (E-Pae. On the basis of these sequences alone, the E-Pae strains were identical to the Pae type-strain (I-Pae, isolated from leaf spots on Indian horse chestnut in India in 1969. The phylogenetic analyses also showed that Pae belongs to a distinct clade of P. syringae pathovars adapted to woody hosts. We generated genome-wide Illumina sequence data from the three E-Pae strains and one strain of I-Pae. Comparative genomic analyses revealed pathovar-specific genomic regions in Pae potentially implicated in virulence on a tree host, including genes for the catabolism of plant-derived aromatic compounds and enterobactin synthesis. Several gene clusters displayed intra-pathovar variation, including those encoding type IV secretion, a novel fatty acid biosynthesis pathway and a sucrose uptake pathway. Rates of single nucleotide polymorphisms in the four Pae genomes indicate that the three E-Pae strains diverged from each other much more recently than they diverged from I-Pae. The very low genetic diversity among the three geographically distinct E-Pae strains suggests that they originate from a single, recent introduction into Britain, thus highlighting the serious environmental risks posed by the spread of an exotic plant pathogenic bacterium to a new geographic location. The genomic regions in Pae that are absent from other P. syringae pathovars that infect herbaceous hosts may represent candidate genetic adaptations to infection of the woody parts of the tree.

  15. Effects of early-life adversity on immune function are mediated by prenatal environment: Role of prenatal alcohol exposure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raineki, Charlis; Bodnar, Tamara S; Holman, Parker J; Baglot, Samantha L; Lan, Ni; Weinberg, Joanne

    2017-11-01

    The contribution of the early postnatal environment to the pervasive effects of prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) is poorly understood. Moreover, PAE often carries increased risk of exposure to adversity/stress during early life. Dysregulation of immune function may play a role in how pre- and/or postnatal adversity/stress alters brain development. Here, we combine two animal models to examine whether PAE differentially increases vulnerability to immune dysregulation in response to early-life adversity. PAE and control litters were exposed to either limited bedding (postnatal day [PN] 8-12) to model early-life adversity or normal bedding, and maternal behavior and pup vocalizations were recorded. Peripheral (serum) and central (amygdala) immune (cytokines and C-reactive protein - CRP) responses of PAE animals to early-life adversity were evaluated at PN12. Insufficient bedding increased negative maternal behavior in both groups. Early-life adversity increased vocalization in all animals; however, PAE pups vocalized less than controls. Early-life adversity reduced serum TNF-α, KC/GRO, and IL-10 levels in control but not PAE animals. PAE increased serum CRP, and levels were even higher in pups exposed to adversity. Finally, PAE reduced KC/GRO and increased IL-10 levels in the amygdala. Our results indicate that PAE alters immune system development and both behavioral and immune responses to early-life adversity, which could have subsequent consequences for brain development and later life health. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  16. Paeoniflorin inhibits the growth of bladder carcinoma via deactivation of STAT3

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yang Jianhui

    2018-06-01

    Full Text Available Bladder cancer (BCa is one of the most common urinary cancers. The present study aims to investigate whether Paeoniflorin (Pae can exert inhibitory effects on BCa. The results showed that Pae inhibited proliferation of human BCa cell lines in a concentration- and time-dependent manner. Pae and cisplatin (Cis synergistically inhibited the growth of tumours in RT4-bearing mice. Pae treatment neutralized the body loss induced by Cis. Moreover, Pae induced apoptosis in RT4 cells and increased the activities of caspase3, caspase8 and caspase9. Western blotting and immunohistochemical analysis revealed that the phosphorylated signal transducer and activator of transcription-3 (p-STAT3 level were decreased in Pae-treated RT4 cells and Pae-treated tumour-bearing mice. Furthermore, STAT3 transcriptional target B-cell lymphoma-2 was decreased in Pae-treated RT4 cells. Interestingly, Pae prevented translocation of STAT3 to the nucleus in RT4 cells. Collectively, Pae inhibits the growth of BCa, at least in part, via a STAT3 pathway.

  17. Incidence, risk factors, treatment and prognosis of popliteal artery embolization in the superficial femoral artery interventions.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Weiwei Wu

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty and stenting (PTA + stent has gained acceptance as a primary treatment modality for the superficial femoral artery (SFA diseases. Popliteal artery embolization (PAE is a severe complication in SFA interventions. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the incidence, risk factors, treatment and prognosis of PAE in primary SFA PTA + stent. METHODS: Chronic SFA arteriosclerosis cases that underwent primary PTA + stent were reviewed from a retrospectively maintained database. Runoff vessels were evaluated in all cases before and after the interventions for PAE detection. The primary patency, secondary patency and limb salvage rates were calculated using Kaplan-Meier analysis and compared using log-rank analysis. Cox multivariate regression was performed to evaluate predictors of patency and limb salvage rates. RESULTS: There were 436 lesions treated in 388 patients with 10 PAE events (2.3% in total. PAE rate was significantly higher in Transatlantic Inter-Society Consensus (TASC C/D group compared with TASC A/B group (OR = 8.91, P = .002, in chronic total occlusion (CTO lesions compared with stenotic lesions (P<.0001, and in group with history of cerebral ischemic stroke (OR = 6.11, P = .007. PAE rates were not significantly affected by age, sex, smoking, hypertension, diabetes, hyperlipidemia and runoff status. The binary logistic regression showed that only the TASC C/D was an independent predictor of PAE (P = .031. The 12-month and 24-month primary patency, secondary patency and limb salvage rates in PAE group showed no significant differences comparing with non-PAE group. CONCLUSIONS: PAE is a rare event in primary SFA PTA + stent. TASC C/D lesion, CTO and cerebral ischemic stroke history are risk factors for PAE. PAE is typically reversible by comprehensive techniques. If the popliteal flow is restored in time, PAE has no significant effect on long-term patency and limb

  18. Mood and implicit alcohol expectancy processes: predicting alcohol consumption in the laboratory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wardell, Jeffrey D; Read, Jennifer P; Curtin, John J; Merrill, Jennifer E

    2012-01-01

    Implicit positive alcohol expectancy (PAE) processes are thought to respond phasically to external and internal stimuli-including mood states-and so they may exert powerful proximal influences over drinking behavior. Although social learning theory contends that mood states activate mood-congruent implicit PAEs, which in turn lead to alcohol use, there is a dearth of experimental research examining this mediation model relative to observable drinking. Moreover, an expectancy theory perspective might suggest that, rather than influencing PAEs directly, mood may moderate the association between PAEs and drinking. To test these models, this study examined the role of mood in the association between implicitly measured PAE processes (i.e., latency to endorse PAEs) and immediate alcohol consumption in the laboratory. Gender differences in these processes also were examined. College students (N = 146) were exposed to either a positive, negative, or neutral mood induction procedure, completed a computerized PAE reaction time (RT) task, and subsequently consumed alcohol ad libitum. The mood manipulation had no direct effects on drinking in the laboratory, making the mediation hypothesis irrelevant. Instead, gender and mood condition moderated the association between RT to endorse PAEs and drinking in the laboratory. For males, RT to tension reduction PAEs was a stronger predictor of volume of beer consumed and peak blood alcohol concentration in the context of general arousal (i.e., positive and negative mood) relative to neutral mood. RT to PAEs did not predict drinking in the laboratory for females. The results show that PAE processes are important determinants of immediate drinking behavior in men, suggesting that biased attention to mood-relevant PAEs-as indicated by longer RTs-predicts greater alcohol consumption in the appropriate mood context. The findings also highlight the need to consider gender differences in PAE processes. This study underscores the need for

  19. Intra-vesical Prostatic Protrusion (IPP) Can Be Reduced by Prostatic Artery Embolization

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lin, Yen-Ting, E-mail: ymerically@gmail.com; Amouyal, Grégory, E-mail: gregamouyal@hotmail.com [Assistance Publique Hôpitaux de Paris, Hôpital Européen Georges-Pompidou, Vascular and Oncological Interventional Radiology (France); Thiounn, Nicolas, E-mail: nicolas.thiounn@egp.aphp.fr [Assistance Publique Hopitaux de Paris, Hôpital Européen Georges-Pompidou, Urology (France); Pellerin, Olivier, E-mail: olivier.pellerin@aphp.fr [Université Paris Descartes, Sorbonne Paris-Cité (France); Pereira, Héléna, E-mail: helena.pereira@aphp.fr; Giudice, Costantino Del, E-mail: costantino.del-giudice@egp.aphp.fr; Déan, Carole, E-mail: carole.dean@aphp.fr [Assistance Publique Hôpitaux de Paris, Hôpital Européen Georges-Pompidou, Vascular and Oncological Interventional Radiology (France); Sapoval, Marc, E-mail: marc.sapoval2@aphp.fr [Université Paris Descartes, Sorbonne Paris-Cité (France)

    2016-05-15

    BackgroundProstate artery embolization (PAE) is a new approach to improve lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) related to benign prostatic hyperplasia. PAE results in global reduction of prostate volume (PV). There are no data available on the efficacy of PAE in reducing intra-vesical prostatic protrusion (IPP), an anatomic feature that is clinically related with bladder outlet obstruction and LUTS.ObjectiveTo assess the results of PAE in patients with significant IPP due to median lobe hyperplasia and to compare the IPSS decrease and IPP change.Material and MethodsProspective analysis of 18 consecutive patients with significant IPP (>5 mm) related to median lobe hyperplasia undergoing PAE using 30–500-μm-calibrated trisacryl microspheres. We measured IPP on sagittal T2-weighted images before and 3 months after PAE. IPSS and clinical results were also evaluated at 3 months.ResultsPAE resulted in significant IPP reduction (1.57 cm ± 0.55 before PAE and 1.30 cm ± 0.46 after PAE, p = 0.0005) (Fig. 1) with no complication. IPSS, quality of life (QoL), total prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level, and PV showed significant reduction after PAE, and maximum urinary flow rate (Q{sub max}) showed significant increase after PAE. No significant change of International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF) for clinical evaluation after PAE. A significant correlation was found between the IPP change and the IPSS change (r = 0.636, p = 0.0045).ConclusionPatients had significant IPP reduction as well as significant symptomatic improvement after PAE, and these improvements were positively correlated.

  20. Research priorities in mobile learning: An international Delphi study / Les priorités de recherche en matière d'apprentissage mobile: Une étude de Delphes internationale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yu-Chang Hsu

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Along with advancing mobile technologies and proliferating mobile devices and applications, mobile learning research has gained great momentum in recent years. While there have been review articles summarizing past research, studies identifying mobile learning research priorities based on experts’ latest insights have been lacking. This study employed the Delphi method to obtain a consensus from experts about areas that are most in need of research in mobile learning. An international expert panel participated in a three-round Delphi process involving two cycles of online questionnaires and feedback reports. Participants responded to the question, “What should be the research priorities for the field of mobile learning over the next 5 years?” Ten research categories were identified and ranked in order of priority: 1 teaching and learning strategies; 2 affordances; 3 theory; 4 settings of learning; 5 evaluation/assessment; 6 learners; 7 mobile technologies and interface design; 8 context awareness and augmented reality; 9 infrastructure and management; and 10 country and digital divide. This study also reported expert-generated research statements for each research category and the importance of these research statements rated by the experts. Selected research papers were summarized to help contextualize the discussions of research categories and statements. Avec l'avancement des technologies mobiles et la prolifération des appareils mobiles et des applications, la recherche consacrée à l'apprentissage mobile a récemment pris de l’ampleur. Si des articles ont résumé les recherches antérieures, les études s’appuyant sur les dernières connaissances d'experts pour identifier les priorités de recherche sur l'apprentissage mobile font défaut. La présente étude a utilisé la méthode de Delphes pour obtenir un consensus des experts sur les domaines nécessitant le plus des recherches sur l'apprentissage mobile. Un groupe international d'experts a participé à un processus de Delphes structuré en trois rondes impliquant deux séries de questionnaires en ligne et des rapports de rétroaction. Les participants ont répondu à la question : "Quelles devraient être les priorités de recherche dans le domaine de l'apprentissage mobile pour les cinq prochaines années ?" Dix catégories de recherche ont été identifiées et classées par ordre de priorité : 1 stratégies d'enseignement et d'apprentissage ; 2 affordances ; 3 théorie ; 4 paramètres d’apprentissage ; 5 évaluation ; 6 apprenants ; 7 technologies mobiles et conception de l'interface ; 8 perception du contexte et réalité augmentée ; 9 infrastructure et gestion ; et 10 pays et fossé numérique. Cette étude a également repris les déclarations de recherche énoncées pour chaque catégorie par les experts ainsi que le classement par ordre d’importance des déclarations de recherche selon l’avis de ces experts. Quelques articles choisis ont été résumés pour faciliter la contextualisation des discussions portant sur les catégories de recherche et sur les déclarations.

  1. International climate protection legislation. The way towards a global climate agreement in the sense of common but differentiated responsibility; Internationales Klimaschutzrecht. Der Weg zu einem Weltklimavertrag im Sinne von gemeinsamer, aber differenzierter Verantwortlichkeit

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jahrmarkt, Lena

    2016-07-01

    Climate Change is one of the most important issues in the 21st century. Its extensive impacts regarding society, policy, economy and environment and its threats require an effective reaction at the international level. But does the newly adopted Paris Agreement comply to the expectations? Or how could an effective Climate Agreement be achieved to meet climate effectiveness and climate justice? To answer these questions this study analyses the development of international climate change law in a comprehensive way. In combination with analysing the principle of common, but differentiated responsibility it is possible to present new aspects for a climate Agreement by learning from failures of the past and embracing the raising threat brought about by climate change.

  2. International projects of the Chair for waste and material flow management in the period 2010-2014; Internationale Projekte des Lehrstuhls Abfall- und Stoffstromwirtschaft im Zeitraum 2010-2014

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nelles, Michael (ed.)

    2015-07-01

    The waste and material flow management must align progressively to the requirements of sustainable resource and climate protection targets. She has become a recycling economy. One of the key global challenges of the future is to ensure a sustainable, i.e. economically, environmentally and socially sustainable supply of raw materials and energy. In both areas, the recycling economy make an important contribution. For Germany, despite of the ambitious targets, a positive balance can be drawn. In particular, the positive environmental effects of prevention, recovery and disposal of waste are supported by numerous scientific studies. While the recycling economy has performed well in Germany, many countries in the world are still in the beginning of a sustainable waste management development. Our Chair for Waste and Material Flow Management at the Faculty of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences of the University of Rostock has been involved for over 15 years in international technology and knowledge transfer. The regional focus are the Arab and Asian region (esp. China) and for some years, the Baltic countries, Eastern Europe and South America. Often in the projects stand in the foreground, to inform key decision-makers on the state of technology and to work out possible administrative solutions and customized technical solutions together and implement. In addition, classic R and D projects in these regions have been processed. In the framework of student works, studies in other countries, amongst other things in Vietnam and Chile, are carried out. [German] Die Abfall- und Stoffstromwirtschaft muss sich zunehmend an den Vorgaben nachhaltiger Ressourcen- und Klimaschutzziele ausrichten. Sie hat sich inzwischen hin zu einer Kreislaufwirtschaft entwickelt. Eine der zentralen globalen Zukunftsaufgaben ist dabei die Sicherstellung einer nachhaltigen, d.h. oekonomisch, oekologisch und sozial tragfaehigen Versorgung mit Rohstoffen und Energie. In beiden Bereichen kann die Kreislaufwirtschaft einen wichtigen Beitrag leisten. Fuer Deutschland laesst sich hier, trotz der anspruchsvollen Ziele, eine positive Zwischenbilanz ziehen. Insbesondere die positiven oekologischen Effekte der Vermeidung, Verwertung und Beseitigung von Abfaellen sind durch zahlreiche wissenschaftliche Studien belegt. Waehrend sich die Kreislaufwirtschaft in Deutschland gut entwickelt hat, befinden sich viele Laender auf dieser Welt noch am Anfang einer nachhaltigen abfallwirtschaftlichen Entwicklung. Unser Lehrstuhl Abfall- und Stoffstromwirtschaft an der Agrar- und Umweltwissenschaftlichen Fakultaet der Universitaet Rostock engagiert sich seit ueber 15 Jahren im internationalen Technologie- und Wissenstransfer. Die regionalen Schwerpunkte sind dabei der arabische und asiatische Raum (insb. China) sowie seit einigen Jahren die baltischen Laender, Osteuropa und Suedamerika. Oft stand in den Projekten im Vordergrund, wichtige Entscheidungstraeger ueber den Stand der Technik zu informieren sowie moegliche administrative Loesungen und angepasste technische Loesungen gemeinsam zu erarbeiten und zu implementieren. Darueber hinaus wurden klassische F and E-Projekte in den genannten Regionen bearbeitet. Im Rahmen von studentischen Arbeiten wurden auch Studien in weiteren Laendern u.a. in Vietnam und Chile durchgefuehrt.

  3. The international heat pump market as seen from the 'Business Development' point of view; Der internationale Waermepumpenmarkt unter dem Gesichtspunkt des 'Business Development'

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schilli, A. S. [Globak Risk Management Solutions, PricewaterhouseCoopers, Zuerich (Switzerland); Afjei, T. [Foerdergemeinschaft Waermepumpen Schweiz (FWS), c/o Eutacon, Zuerich (Switzerland)

    2002-07-01

    This article takes a close look at the prerequisites that are decisive for successful business development in the international heat pump market and the challenges placed by them. The article examines the quality of market information and data that is available, especially regarding the market potential for heating and cooling in residential, commercial and industrial buildings. The results of various national and international surveys and studies made in this area are discussed. Several characteristics of the heat pump market - both in the buying and selling areas - are examined in order to clarify the requirements for market and business development in these sectors.

  4. L’Homme et la Société, revue internationale de recherche et de synthèse en sciences sociales, L’Harmattan, Parisn° 134, 1999/4

    OpenAIRE

    Daoud, Mohamed

    2013-01-01

    Numéro consacré à “La littérature et les sciences sociales”. Tout en abordant la littérature dans sa valeur épistémologique, selon des angles d’attaque méthodologiques et théoriques très variés, les coordinateurs de ce numéro (Suzanne Chazan, Nia Perivolaropoulou) ont proposé quatre grands axes thématiques : 1.La place de l’écriture dans la production des sciences sociales ; 2.L’appréhension de l’altérité dans les écrits littéraires et scientifiques ; 3.La mémoire, les “régimes de mémoire”, l...

  5. L'Intégration financière internationale en perspective. La période contemporaine (1980-1993) comparée à la période de l'étalon or

    OpenAIRE

    Rey, Nathalie

    1997-01-01

    From an analysis of the international financial integration - taken as a process of internationalization of capital ought to bring an international market of capital - which is based on a double methodology, empiric and historic, this study tries to determine, through times, different factores which may explain the raising of such process. Moreover it underlines the importance of this process by valuing the consequences on the economie of a determined number of country. In the end, it points ...

  6. L'organisation territoriale en Colombie et les compétences des collectivités territoriales. Une action internationale est-elle possible depuis le contexte local?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Angel Tuirán Sarmiento

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Para entender con mayor claridad la forma como está construido el edificio de la organización territorial y las facultades de que gozan los entes territoriales en Colombia se hace necesario definir de antemano los conceptos de República unitaria, descentralización y autonomía. La autonomía otorgada por la descentralización a las colectividades territoriales ha traído consigo un aumento significativo en las competencias y facultades de los gobiernos locales, que están siendo confrontados a nuevas responsabilidades, viéndose en la necesidad de reforzar su capacidad de respuesta frente a las demandas y necesidades locales. Por tal motivo, las colectividades territoriales colombianas han trascendido sus fronteras en búsqueda de herramientas que posibiliten una mejor gestión de los asuntos locales; es así como las colectividades territoriales vienen interactuando en el escenario internacional con otros gobiernos locales, aprovechando la autonomía otorgada por el proceso de descentralización y las ventajas estratégicas que ofrece hoy día la globalización.

  7. Accompanying socioeconomic research on the public acceptance of carbon capture and storage (CCS) at the national and international level; Soziooekonomische Begleitforschung zur gesellschaftlichen Akzeptanz von Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) auf nationaler und internationaler Ebene

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cremer, Clemens [Fraunhofer-Institut fuer Systemtechnik und Innovationsforschung (ISI), Karlsruhe (Germany); Esken, Andrea; Fischedick, Manfred [Wuppertal Institut fuer Klima, Umwelt, Energie GmbH, Wuppertal (DE)] (and others)

    2008-02-22

    The final report covers the following core issues: state of research on acceptance and results of past studies on public acceptance of CCS; comparison with experiences gained with other energy technologies (nuclear power, wind power, natural gas storage); hazard potentials, risk perception and legal classification; media analysis regarding the topic of CCS; empirical surveys and acceptance of CCS in Germany; factors relevant to public acceptance and their significance; conclusions from the foregoing for the conceptualisation of an information campaign. [German] Stand der Akzeptanzforschung, Ergebnisse aus bereits bestehenden Studien zum Thema Akzeptanz und CCS; Vergleich mit Erfahrungen anderer Energietechnologien (Kern- und Windenergie, Erdgasspeicherung); Gefahrenpotenziale, Risikowahrnehmung und rechtliche Einordnung; Medienanalyse zum Thema CCS; Empirische Umfragen und Akzeptanz gegenueber CCS in Deutschland; Relevante Faktoren fuer die gesellschaftliche Akzeptanz und deren Bedeutung; Resultierende Hinweise fuer die Konzeption einer Informationskampagne. (orig.)

  8. 10. International energy forum: dynamics on the energy markets - chances for economy and industry. Proceedings; 10. Internationales Energie-Forum: Dynamik im Energiemarkt - Chancen fuer Wirtschaft und Industrie. Tagungsband

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-07-01

    The three sessions of the international meeting of experts from relevant branches of industry, politics and science were devoted to the subjects: 1. Trends in energy policy and the energy industry. 2. Building-blocs of innovative market development. 3. Demand-centered market development. Special attention was given to assessing the progress that can be expected in the near future in further development of emerging technologies and enhanced, energy-efficient application of existing technologies. (orig./CB) [German] Die Thematik der drei Sitzungsgruppen der internationalen Konferenz von Experten aus relevanten Zweigen der Industrie, Politik und Wissenschaft zeigt, dass es bei dieser Konferenz um einen Blick in die Zukunft ging und um eine Abschaetzung der in naher Zukunft realisierbaren Fortschritte bei Entwicklung, Anwendung und Ausbau alternativer oder fortschrittlicher Technologien zur Energieerzeugung oder Verbesserung der Energieeffizienz. Die drei Hauptthemen lauten: 1. Trends der Energiepolitik und Energiewirtschaft. 2. Bausteine innovativer Marktentwicklung. 3. Nachfrageorientierte Marktentwicklung. (orig./CB)

  9. Économie politique internationale des négociations climat et prise en compte des coûts d’atténuation et d’adaptation

    OpenAIRE

    Ilasca , Constantin

    2016-01-01

    Our research focuses on the cooperation and climate governance in the post-Copenhagen era. Its main purpose is to observe and define the evolution of the climate regime, based on the positions of the European Union, China and the United States. These three countries can be considered as big emitters, major economies, as well as great powers. Two main drivers are taken into account in our analysis: mitigation and adaptation costs to climate change. The starting point for our research is to be ...

  10. Systems Concepts for Integrated Air Defense of Multinational Mobile Crisis Reaction Forces (Concepts de systemes pour la defense aerienne integree de forces internationales mobiles d'intervention en situation de crise)

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    2001-01-01

    The meeting proceedings from this symposium on System Concepts for Integrated Air Defense of Multinational Mobile Crisis Reaction Forces was organized and sponsored by the Systems Concepts and Integration (SCI...

  11. « AMOUR, GLOIRE ET RUPTURE » Une étude longitudinale du rôle de la gouvernance dans la création et le partage de la valeur dans une joint-venture internationale

    OpenAIRE

    Sebti, Hicham

    2008-01-01

    Alliance is one of the organizational practices that have increased in popularity over the past decade. However, many of this collaborative relations fails. Management literature insist on the fact that organizations need to create specific structures to manage alliance relationships. The aim of this article is to understand role of relationship management structure in the processes of value creation and value appropriation. for that purpose we carried a longitudinal case study of an alliance...

  12. Proceedings of the International Conference on Modern Radiotherapy. Advances and Challenges in Radiation Protection of Patients; Actes de la conference internationale sur la radiotherapie moderne. Defis et progres dans le domaine de la radioprotection des patients

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2009-12-15

    The use of ionizing radiation in medicine has led to major improvements in the diagnosis and treatment of human diseases. While bringing new benefits for cancer treatment, modern radiotherapy also poses new challenges in terms of radiation protection of patients. Prevention of radiotherapy incidents and accidents is a major issue in this area. In December 2009, the French Nuclear Safety Authority (ASN) organised the 1. international conference on radiation protection of patients in radiotherapy. The major objective of the conference was to provide a platform for exchanging experience, and reviewing the actions implemented to improve the radiation safety in radiotherapy both at national and international level. The expected result was: - to reach a consensus about the necessity to strengthen existing international actions for prevention of incidents and accidents, - to set up an international cooperation to improve management for overexposed patients, - to outline a strategy for strengthening regulation, - to contribute to the elaboration of an international scale to rate patient related events for communication and reporting purpose. 360 delegates from 50 countries across the world participated at the 3-day conference. 41 presentations were made and 67 posters were displayed. The conference brought together a broad spectrum of expertise: scientists, health professionals, medical devices manufacturers, risk management specialists, radiation protection experts, representatives from Radiation Protection and Health Authorities as well as patient's associations. The programme covered both scientific and medical issues, such as patient sensitivity to ionising radiation and the treatment of complications. It also provided scope to discuss the benefits and risks of modern radiotherapy and to explore treatment safety issues from various perspectives, including human resources, expertise, education and training along with control and prevention strategies. The conference concluded with a roundtable discussion on patient information. All the available presentations, documents and posters are compiled in this document which starts with a report summarising the presentations and the main findings from the conference. 40 presentations (slides) are compiled in this document: 1 - Advances in external radiotherapy (M. Brada, Institute of Cancer Research, Royal Marsden Hospital UK); 2 - Advances in brachytherapy (D. Peiffert, Alexis Vautrin center, Nancy); 3 - The impact of new technologies on the risk of accident (R. Almaberti, HAS); 4 - What is a side effect, a complication or an accident in radiotherapy? (P. Scalliet, University hospital St Luc, Belgium); 5 - The range of radiosensitivity in the human population: hyper- and hypo- sensitivity (S. Bouffler, HPA UK) 6 - Radiation-induced sequelae: toward an individual profile (D. Azria, CRLC Val d'Aurelle, France); 7 - Evaluation and management of secondary cancer risk in modern Radiation Therapy: elaboration of an ICRP/ICRU publication (J.M. Cosset, Curie Institute - ICRP); 8 - Cardiovascular risks in radiotherapy (K. Trott, University College London Institute UK); 9 - Risk acceptability in radiotherapy; 10 - Lessons learned from accidents in conventional external radiotherapy; 11 - Lessons learned from accidental exposures in modern external radiotherapy (P. Ortiz Lopez, ICRP); 12 - Lessons learned from accidents in brachytherapy; 13 - Lessons learned from French accidents; 14-15 - WHO Radiotherapy risk profile; 16 - Methods of risk analysis applied to radiotherapy; 17 - Radiation safety issues linked to the omnipresence of computers; 18 - From Airline Safety Management System to Security in Radiotherapy:a French experience; 19 - Accident reporting system; the Rosis experience; 20 - Side effects of radiotherapy: general management; 21 - Cell therapy treatment for radiation induced cutaneous damage; 22 - The Equipment: safety, commissioning, re-commissioning - calibration, A medical physicist point of view; 23 - A manufacturer's point of view; 24 - The staff; radiation oncologist-Physicists, technologists, engineers: organisation, missions, responsibility. The Radiation Therapist profession: a challenge and an opportunity to improve the safety and the patient care in Radiation Oncology; 25 - The EFOMP approach in reducing errors in Radiotherapy; 26 - Education and training. The IAEA experience; 27 - The IAEA quality audits in radiotherapy; 28 - The external beam controls: Equal-Estro Experience; 29 - The Norwegian Program on Quality Assurance in Radiotherapy (KVIST) - Organisation, Benefits and Experiences of this initiative for stakeholders involvement; 30 - Audits in radiotherapy in Switzerland; 31 - Clinical Audits: who should control what? - European guidelines; 32 - The ICPR take home message; 33-37 - National regulators experiences; 38 - A road-map for Cancer Radiotherapy in France; 39-40 - Synthesis and conclusions.

  13. A task for generations. A commission plans for the future. Pt. 2. Public participation, time required, international comparison, past conflicts; Generationenaufgabe Endlagerung. Eine Kommission plant fuer die Zukunft. T. 2. Konzept zur Oeffentlichkeitsbeteiligung, Zeitbedarf, internationaler Vergleich, Konflikte der Vergangenheit

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fischer, Bernhard [E.ON Generation GmbH, Hannover (Germany); Jaeger, Gerd [RWTH Aachen Univ. (Germany)

    2016-10-15

    German Federal and State governments have committed the political foundations for the disposal of high radioactive, heat-generating waste with the Repository Site Selection Act (StandAG). The act defines a new site selection procedure and the ''Kommission Lagerung hoch radioaktiver Abfallstoffe'' (Commission Disposal of High Radioactive Waste). The Commission should evaluate the site selection process criteria, processes and decision-making basis, evaluate the StandAG and make proposals for public participation and transparency. The commission presented its final report on 5 July 2016. atw spoke with the representatives of industry, Dr. Bernhard Fischer and Prof. Dr. Gerd Jaeger, on the commission work.

  14. Nuclear techniques in food and agriculture and international cooperation in their use; Les sciences nucleaires dans l'alimentation et l'agriculture et la cooperation internationale dans ce domaine

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fried, M.; Sigurbjörnsson, B. [Joint FAO/IAEA Division of Atomic Energy in Food and Agriculture, International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna (Austria)

    1970-01-15

    Nuclear techniques are used in research and production at all levels of the food chain from soil and water, plant breeding, plant production and protection, animal production and health, to food protection both in the field and in storage. In soil and plant production research, isotopically labelled fertilizers are used in order to trace nutrient elements as they are taken up by crop plants. Water can be isotopically labelled and use can also be made of the way in which hydrogen atoms scatter neutrons. Thus, radiating a given volume of a soil with fast neutrons, they are slowed down by the hydrogen present and their back-scatter is measured. When radiation is applied to living matter, its genetic make-up can be changed. Such changes, called mutations, occur naturally at a very low rate (in fact, all present-day forms of life derive from such mutations), but radiation can increase their frequency by a factor of 100 000. The use of certain chemicals can also result in the appearance of mutations. These applications have resulted in the creation of a number of superior crop varieties and lines. For example, the highest-yielding rice variety in Japan and the most popular wheat variety in India were bred following gamma-ray treatments of seed. One gamma- bred rice line in Japan contains a doubled amount of protein and matures 60 days earlier than the mother variety. The highest-yielding and straw-strongest durum wheat varieties in Italy resulted from treatment with neutrons. Radiation can, however, affect genetic matter also to produce sterility, e.g. in insects. Vast numbers of sterile insects are released in an infested area where they compete with the native population for mating partners. Repeated releases of vast numbers of sterile insects result in a quick reduction of the natural population which can eventually lead to complete eradication of the species in the release area. The screw-worm of livestock was eliminated from the U.S.A. in this manner and it is hoped that the medfly attacking citrus, the olive fly, the codling moth attacking apples, the tsetse fly and a number of other insects can be eliminated in this way. Radiation can be used to attenuate parasitic larvae attacking animals. The parasites which have thus lost their virulence are used in the production of animal vaccines. In fact, this is still the only known method of producing such vaccines. Isotopic tracers are used to study the movement and metabolism of nutrients in animal production and are particularly useful in studies of essential micronutrients. This unique ability of isotopic tracers to enable detection of chemicals in minute quantities forms the basis for a new program on studies of harmful pesticide residues on plant and animal foods. The sterilizing and killing effect of radiation has been shown to be uniquely effective in preventing or delaying spoilage in a variety of food commodities. Radiation preservation can, for example, be applied to perishable products which do not tolerate cooking or freezing - even after the products are packed. To foster international activities in the field of nuclear science in food and agriculture, the Joint FAO/IAEA Division of Atomic Energy in Food and Agriculture carries out a single joint program of work approved by the two parent organizations. To carry out work in all these fields, the Division relies heavily on the concept of coordinated research based on research contracts or research agreements. A large part of the work is carried out under various technical assistance projects including expert advice, equipment and training and through the two UNDP Special Fund Projects executed by the IAEA. The IAEA Laboratory plays an indispensable role in the Division’s programs by providing various coordinating services, research, and specialized training. (author) [French] Les méthodes nucléaires sont employées dans la recherche et la production à tous les niveaux successifs de la chaîhe alimentaire: sol et eau, amélioration des plantes, culture et protection des plantes, élevage et santé animale, protection des aliments, tant sur pied que stockés. Dans la recherche sur la fertilité des sols et la production végétale, on suit l'absorption d’éléments nutritifs par les végétaux au moyen d'engrais marqués avec des isotopes. Pour les recherches concernant l'eau, on peut faire appel au marquage avec des isotopes ou à la diffusion des neutrons par les atomes d'hydrogène. On expose ainsi un volume donné de sol a un flux de neutrons rapides; ces neutrons sont ralentis par les atomes d'hydrogène présents dans le sol et leur rétrodiffusion est mesurée. Lorsque la matière vivante est irradiée, sa structure génétique peut être modifiée. Le taux spontané de ces modifications, appelées mutations, qui est très faible (en réalité, toutes les formes présentes de la vie en dérivent), peut être augmenté par l'irradiation d'un facteur de 100 000. Des mutations sont également produites par certains corps chimiques. Plusieurs variétés et lignées améliorées ont été ainsi obtenues. A titre d'exemple, la variété de riz donnant le meilleur rendement au Japon et la variété de blé la plus utilisée en Inde ont été sélectionnées après un traitement des semences aux rayons gamma. Une lignée de riz obtenue au Japon par irradiation gamma contient deux fois plus de protéines et parvient à maturité 60 jours plus vite que la variété mère. Les variétés de blé durum qui, en Italie, ont le meilleur rendement et la plus grande résistance à la verse ont été obtenues par irradiation neutronique. Les rayonnements peuvent par ailleurs modifier la matière génétique et entraîner la stérilité, par exemple chez les insectes. Un très grand nombre d'insectes stérilisés, lâchés dans une zone infestée, entrent en compétition avec la population naturelle dans l'accouplement avec les femelles. Les lâchers réitérés d’un grand nombre d'insectes stérilisés aboutissent rapidement à la réduction de cette population et peuvent finalement entraîner la destruction complète de l'espèce dans la zone. La lucilie bouchère, qui s'attaque au bétail» a ainsi été éliminée aux Etats-Unis et on espère pouvoir détruire de la même façon la mouche méditerranéenne des fruits, qui s'attaque aux citrus, la mouche de l'olive, la carpocapse, qui s'attaque aux pommes, la mouche tsé-tsé et plusieurs autres insectes. Les rayonnements peuvent être utilisés pour atténuer les larves des parasites des animaux. Avec les parasites ayant ainsi perdu leur virulence, on prépare des vaccins animaux. Il s'agit en fait de la seule méthode actuellement connue de production de tels vaccins. Des indicateurs isotopiques sont utilisés pour étudier le mouvement et le métabolisme des substances nutritives chez les animaux d'élevage et sont particulièrement précieux pour l'étude des oligoéléments essentiels. L'avantage que seuls possèdent les indicateurs isotopiques de permettre la détection de quantités infimes de produits chimiques est la raison d'être d'un nouveau programme de recherches sur les résidus de pesticides nuisibles dans les aliments d'origine végétale et animale. L’effet stérilisant et germicide des rayonnements possède une valeur irremplaçable pour la prévention ou le retard de l'altération d'un grand nombre de denrées alimentaires. La conservation par irradiation peut, par exemple, être utilisée, même après emballage, pour les denrées périssables ne supportant ni la cuisson ni la congélation. Afin de promouvoir sur le plan international l'application des sciences nucléaires dans l'alimentation et l'agriculture, la Division mixte FAO/AIEA de l'énergie atomique dans l'alimentation et l'agriculture exécute un programme de travail commun, approuvé par les deux organisations. Pour l'exécution des travaux dans tous les domaines, la Division a très souvent recours à la formule des recherches coordonnées effectuées sous contrats ou accords de recherche. Une grande partie du travail se fait aussi dans le cadre de projets d'assistance technique, comprenant des services d'experts, la fourniture de matériel et la formation technique, ainsi que dans le cadre de deux projets du Fonds spécial du PNUD exécutés par l'AIEA. Le Laboratoire de l'AIEA, enfin, joue un rôle indispensable dans l'exécution de programmes de la Division en assurant une coordination, en faisant des recherches et en dispensant une formation spécialisée. (author)

  15. La difficile émergence du droit à l’eau, de sa reconnaissance internationale à sa mise en œuvre à l’échelle nationale : les cas de la France et du Royaume-Uni

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    TSANGA TABI, Marie ; GREMMEL, Jeanne

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Depuis le milieu des années 1970, les pays industrialisés connaissent des changements socio-économiques qui engendrent de nouvelles formes de précarité. Celles-ci se manifestent en particulier par une « pauvreté en eau ».À travers les exemples de la France et du Royaume-Uni, il est intéressant d'évaluer la portée et les limites de l'énoncé du droit humain à l'eau proclamé par l'Organisation des Nations Unies puis le Conseil des droits de l'Homme en 2010.

  16. International conference - Papeete - French Polynesia - June 29, 2006. Scientists and nuclear tests consequence on health. The Colloquium; Conference internationale - Papeete - Polynesie Francaise - 29 juin 2006. Les scientifiques et les consequences des essais nucleaires sur la sante. Le colloque

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Allison, Lyn [Parliamentarians for a Nuclear Free Future (Australia); International Nuclear Test Network, Paris (France); Cavillon, Arlette [Le Mouvement pour la Paix, 139 boulevard Victor Hugo, F-93400 St-Ouen (France); Rowland, Al [Institute of Molecular BioSciences, Massey University, Palmerston North (New Zealand); Parmentier, Claude [Institut Gustave-Roussy, lab. UPRES EA no. 27-10, 39 rue Camille Desmoulins, 94805 Villejuif cedex (France); Vahaire, Florent de; Brindel, Pauline; Doyon, Francoise [Unite 605 INSERM, Institut Gustave-Roussy, Villejuif (France); Drozdovich, Vladimir [International Agency for Research on Cancer - IARC, Lyon (France); Rachedi, Frederique; Boissin,; Sebag, Joseph; Shan, Larys; Bezeaud, Frederique; Petitdidier, Patrick [Tahiti, Polynesie francaise (France); Paaoafaite, John; Teuri, Joseph [Institut de recherche pour le developpement - IRD, Chemin de l' Arahiri, PK 3,5, Arue 98713, Polynesie francaise (France); Hirshon, Unutea [Assemblee de Polynesie francaise, BP 28 Papeete - 98713 Tahiti, Polynesie francaise (France); Luc, Helene [commission des Affaires etrangeres et de la Defense (France); ONG, Cara [Marshall Islands (United States); Bouveret, Patrice [Observatoire des armes nucleaires francaises, Centre de Documentation et de Recherche sur la Paix et les Conflits - CDRPC (France); Ruff, Tilman A. [Nossal Institute for Global Health, University of Melbourne (Australia); International Dept, Australian Red Cross (Australia); Smith, Nick [New Zealand Parliamentary Network for Nuclear Disarmament (New Zealand); Okumura, Eiji [Hibakusha Hiroshima (Japan); Valatx, Jean-Louis; Tardieu, Arlette; Hervieux, J. C. [Association des Veterans des Essais Nucleaires - Aven, 44-A rue de la Favorite, 69005 Lyon (France); NOONAN, Anne [Medical Association for Prevention of War - MAPW (Australia); Sercombe, Robert [Australia Parliament (Australia)

    2006-06-15

    Forty years after the first bomb in Moruroa, a conference to promote recognition and justice for all victims of nuclear tests. More than thirty speakers, scientists, legal experts, parliamentarians and members of associations from French Polynesia, Australia, Fiji, New Zealand, the United States, Japan, the Netherlands and France debated on June 29-30, at the President's palace in Papeete, on the rights of the victims of nuclear tests to be recognized by nuclear powers. During this conference, we heard scientists explain very clearly that contamination and irradiation had widespread consequences including on the gene pool of the victims. Today, damage found on the chromosomes of Polynesian thyroid cancer patients who lived 1000 km away from Moruroa is ten times higher than damage found on average nuclear workers. Researchers tell us that many of those who worked on nuclear sites die earlier. Average life expectancy for the veterans from New Zealand is for example 51 years - and for most of them a life marred by suffering and cancers. Researchers tell us that conducting credible surveys is becoming more and more difficult as the impact of radiations that were absorbed 20, 30 or even 40 years earlier is getting more difficult to discern from damages due to old age or other illnesses. Testimonies and information given at this conference are indispensable for the public to realize the actual impact of the nuclear tests as well as show the elected representatives how urgent it is to meet the expectations of the victims. The suffering and strong discontent of the former test site workers moved the parliamentarians as well as the public. The strong words that were said will have to give a human face to the law we will have to implement in order to do justice to the victims. An impact of nuclear testing on health and environment are experienced by many peoples in the world. The testing nations are of course the ones who should compensate the victims. But there is also a responsibility by the international community and the leaders of great powers who have led the world into the race for nuclear armaments, which is today still taking place. The participants of the conference call on their respective governments to take the following actions so that truth and justice be given to the men and women who have suffered and continue to suffer today from the consequences of nuclear testing: - That the victims of nuclear tests be heard and that compensation be given according to the seriousness of damage to their health; - That the zones, islands and atolls devastated and contaminated by nuclear explosions be cleaned and forever free from nuclear threat; - That the international community be officially called upon in order to put an end to half a century of cold war. An international legislation should ensure that nuclear states acknowledge their responsibility with regard to the victims.

  17. La crise de la présomption d’innocence: regard croisé sur la procédure pénale camerounaise et de la Cour pénale internationale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hervé Magloire MONEBOULOU MINKADA

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Most of time, the suspect is presumed innocent in the beginning of the penal proceeding. But this presumption of innocence is created for saving individual freedoms and reputation. The truth is that the suspect is presumed guilty after his arrest. And the judicial authorities will check if the suspect is innocent or confirmed guilty. This situation can threaten individual freedoms and reputation. That is why we want to size the meaning of presumption of innocence in other to protect it, at first. Secondly, we are going to study the presumption of culpability. What is more, the fact that the suspect is presumed guilty justifies the office of a barrister at any stage of the penal proceeding. In fact, before the arrest of the suspect, he is presumed innocent. After his arrest he is presumed guilty.

  18. Cultural Years [SCRIPT 7 of 7]. "Music, the Arts and Society at the time of the Exposition Internationale des Arts et Techniques dans la Vie Moderne in Paris of 1837"\\ud [RADIO SERIES

    OpenAIRE

    Little, Jonathan D.

    1990-01-01

    Part of a seven-part radio series broadcast on Sundays at 10:30pm fortnightly from 1st April, 1990. Researched, written, presented and produced by Jonathan David Little for 3MBS-FM Fine Music Melbourne.\\ud \\ud CULTURAL YEARS - Series / Programme Description:\\ud \\ud “Cultural Years” was a seven-part radio series which discussed “Music, the Arts and Society around the time of seven of the great 19th- and 20th-century International Exhibitions” (see below). In examining the ideas which lay behin...

  19. Modelling of Molecular Structures and Properties in Physical Chemistry and Biophysics, Forty-Fourth International Meeting (Modelisation des Structures et Proprietes Moleculaires en Chimie Physique et en Biophysique, Quarante- Quatrieme Reunion Internationale)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-09-01

    apprcc-he novatzice, fondde sur une perception de I’ envixcnnmnt local des atoi-es dolt of frir des resssources inr~rtantes dans le traitement de tous les...Acta, 72, 1-13 (1989). 2586 Etude thdorique de la structure du compiexe Giutathion - Eau oxygdn4e J.Berg~s , JCaillet Dynamique des Interactions Mol...est connu que !a r6action d’oxydati4on du glutathion par 1! eau oxyg~n6e est catalys~e, in vivo, par une enzyme, la glutathion peroxydase. I’l a4t

  20. La coopération internationale et régional concertant la protection de l'environnement et l'apport du droit nucleaire. L'exemple de la Mer Noir

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Flore POP

    2005-10-01

    Full Text Available This article presents several short components regarding peaceful uses of nuclear energy, the role played by nuclear energy law, and of complementary institutions and programmes in connection to environmental protection. Additionally, this material discusses not only fundamental principles of cooperation directed towards sustainable development but also general principles of international law, within a framework of institutional intergovernmental and/or non governmental cooperation towards environmental protection, based upon global, regional, national or „No State” context. Dans ce bref article, nous voulons présenter quelques éléments ou repères préliminaires de l’utilisation pacifique de l’énergie nucléaire, le rôle du droit nucléaire, des institutions et programmes adjacents par rapport à la protection de l’environnement, les principes fondamentaux de la coopération pour un développement durable sur le plan régional, ainsi que les principes généraux de droit international susceptibles d’orienter la coopération intergouvernementale ou non-gouvernementale, sur la base des initiatives globales, régionales ou d’intérêt national, ou dans le cadre de la coopération “sans Etat”.

  1. La co-création d'une marque d’hôtel de luxe en ligne : Le cas d'une marque d'hôtel internationale

    OpenAIRE

    Chapman , Alexis

    2017-01-01

    This thesis presents and analyses the findings that showcase value co-creation within an online community of a luxury hotel business: the Fairmont Resorts Hotels and International. The FRHI group consists of the Fairmont Hotels & Resorts, Swiss Hotel, and Raffles Hotels & Resorts, but the focus for this case is specifically the online community of the Fairmont Hotel & Resorts brand website. In July 2016, FRHI was acquired by AccorHotels Group. Fairmont Hotels & Resorts, the Canadian based hot...

  2. Aurora musas nutrit. Die Jesuiten und die Kultur Mitteleuropas im 16.-18. Jahrhundert. Internationale interdisziplinäre Konferenz, Bratislava, 26.-28. září 2007

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Škarpová, Marie; Kapsa, Václav

    2008-01-01

    Roč. 45, 3-4 (2008) ISSN 0018-7003. [Aurora musas nutrit. Die Jesuiten und die Kultur Mitteleuropas im 16.-18. Jahrhundert. Bratislava, 26.09.2007-29.09.2007] Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z90580513 Keywords : music * conferences * report Subject RIV: AL - Art, Architecture, Cultural Heritage

  3. Contributions au génie logiciel et au développement et déploiement de normes internationales en génie logiciel pour de très petites organisations

    OpenAIRE

    Laporte , Claude

    2009-01-01

    According to the National Academy of Science, “software is not merely an essential market commodity, but, in fact, embodies the economy's production function itself” (Jorgenson et al. 2006). The following three examples illustrate this statement: by 2010, it is estimated that the cellular phone will contain 20 million lines of code; an automobile manufacturer estimates that by then its cars will have up to 100 million lines of code (Charette 2005); and, in the aerospace industry, Boeing is ex...

  4. ICRP 2015. International symposium on the radiation protection system. Report and reflection on a significant symposium; ICRP 2015. 3. Internationales Symposium zum System des Strahlenschutzes. Bericht und Reflexion ueber ein bedeutsames Symposium

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lorenz, Bernd

    2016-08-01

    The ICRP international symposium on the radiation protection system provides always extensive information on new developments in radiation protection. The ICRP 2105 discussed the following issues: radiation effects of low dose irradiation, dose coefficients for internal and external exposures, radiation protection in nuclear medicine, application of ICRP recommendations, environmental protection, studies on existing exposure situations, medical radiation protection today, science behind radiation doses, new developments in radiation effects, and ethics in radiation protection.

  5. Die Wahrnehmung der Figur „Adolf Hitler“ in Daniel Levys „Mein Führer- die wirklich wahrste Wahrheit über Adolf Hitler“ durch internationales Filmpublikum.

    OpenAIRE

    Herzner, Dominik

    2017-01-01

    Filme beeinflussen die Wahrnehmungen von Figuren. Daniel Levys Film "Mein Führer" (die erste deutschsprachige Komödie über Adolf Hitler) führte zu einer positiven Wahrnehmung der Hauptfigur. In einer empirischen Untersuchung wurde gezeigt, dass sich dieser Effekt bei internationalem Filmpublikum, die einen anderen Zugang zur Thematik Nationalsozialismus haben, verstärkt.

  6. Influence of selected coatings on the welding result during Magnetic Pulse Welding (MPW): Presentation held at 9. Internationales Lasersymposium und Internationalen Fügetechnischen Symposium "Tailored Joining" 2016, Dresden, 22.-24.2.2016

    OpenAIRE

    Bellmann, Jörg; Lueg-Althoff, Jörn

    2016-01-01

    Magnetic Pulse Welding (MPW) has a great potential for large-scale industrial production. It is a clean and fast joining technique favorable for the generation of strong atomic bonded areas between similar and dissimilar metals. For example, aluminum and steel can be welded without formation of critical intermetallic phases due to the high-speed collision and the absence of external heat. Since the weld quality depends on the material’s behavior at the collision zone, surface layers in that r...

  7. International Conference on Photochemistry (15th) Abstracts of Invited Lectures and Oral and Poster Contributions Held in Paris, France on 28 July-2 August 1991 (XVeme Conference Internationale de Photochimie, Paris, France 28 Juillet-2 Aout 1991)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-08-01

    M. Novo, C. Rios, F. Rodrlguez PrIelo Dpto. Quimica Fisica. Universidad de Santiago. E-15706 Santiago de Compostela. SPAIN. Ground- and excited-state...Sebastiao J. Formosinh Jo~o S. Brancod), and M. Mendes M.M. Fernandes a ) a) Instituto Superior de Engenharia de Coimbra,3000-Coibra,Portugal b) Department of...Braslavskyl, and Kurt Schaffner i I 3Max-Planck-Institut far Strahlenchemie, D.4330 M~lhem a.d. Ruhr, Stiftstrafle 34- 36, FRG. ’ Departamento de QuImica

  8. Integrating environment protection, a new challenge: strategy of the International Union of Radioecology; Protection de l'environnement, un nouveau chantier: strategie de l'Union internationale de radioecologie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brechignac, F. [Institut de Radioprotection et de Serete Nucleaire (IRSN), Dir. Scientifique, Centre de Cadarache, 13 - Saint Paul lez Durance (France); Alexakhin, R. [Russian Institute of Agricultural Radiology and Agroecology (RIARAE), Obninsk, Kaluga Region (Russian Federation); Godoy, J.M. [Instituto de Radioprotecao, Comissao National de Energia Nuclear, Rio de Janeiro, (Brazil); Oughton, D. [Norvegian Univ. of Life Sciences, Dpt. of Plant Environmental Sciences, As (Norway); Sheppard, S. [ECO Matters Incorporation., Pinawa, MB (Canada); Strand, P. [Norwegian Radiation Protection Authority, Osteraas (Norway)

    2008-07-15

    Born in the fifties together with the emergence of the nuclear technologies, radioecology is a scientific discipline that primarily addresses environmental issues relevant to radioprotection. With a current membership of nearly 600 worldwide, the International Union of Radioecology was founded in the seventies as a non-governmental knowing society dedicated to the development and the promotion of this discipline. The scientific directions taken in Radioecology have been drastically influenced in the past by the Chernobyl accident, which forced a focus on environmental transfers through the environment to feed human radioprotection needs. Currently, a profound evolution is underway towards more ecological effects research and studies, under the driving pressure of the raise of society concern on environmental issues and the concomitant re-boost of nuclear industry to face global warming and the future energetic demands. The I.U.R. plays a central role within this evolution which is described here in more details along a description of its four major tools of action: dedicated task groups; workshops, seminars and conferences; training courses; web site tool for information and communication. Finally, together with the recent election of a new Board of Council to manage the Union, the main lines of the new strategic plan for the coming years are given. (author)

  9. Developments in national and international regulation in the field of ''corrosion protection of buried pipes''; Entwicklung im Bereich nationaler und internationaler Regelsetzung im Fachgebiet ''Korrosionsschutz erdverlegter Rohrleitungen''

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schoeneich, H.G. [E.ON Ruhrgas AG, Essen (Germany). Kompetenz-Center Korrosionsschutz

    2007-06-15

    This article summarizes the most important national and international rules for cathodic anti-corrosion protection of buried installations. The codes examined are those published by DIN (German Standardization Institute), the DVGW (German Association of Gas and Water Engineers) and AfK (Corrosion Protection Work Group). DIN publishes the results achieved by ISO (International Standardisation Organisation), CEN (Comite Europeen de Normalisation) and CENELEC (Comite Europeen de Normalisation Electrotechnique). The guidelines published by CEOCOR (European Committee for the Study of Corrosion and Protection of Pipes) are also briefly examined. Details of technical significance of a number of selected standards and revision projects are also stated and discussed. (orig.)

  10. Quality assurance of in-situ-gammaspectrometry. International comparison measurement at the K-RISK-phantom 2015; Qualitaetssicherung der In-situ-Gammaspektrometrie. Internationale Vergleichsmessung an der K-RISK-Phantomwand 2015

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Haas, G.; Schupfner, R. [Regensburg Univ. (Germany). ZRN-URA-Lab.; Buss, K. [Bayerisches Landesamt fuer Umwelt, Kulmbach (Germany)

    2016-07-01

    During the last years the collimated in-situ-gammaspectrometry established itself as a powerful mean for free- release of buildings, parts of buildings, walls and ground area. To accomplish a suitable possibility for quality assurance of in-situ-gammaspectrometry, the K-RISK-phantom wall was developed and built at the University of Regensburg on the authority of the state office for environmental protection, Kulmbach. The K-RISK-phantom is a large surface calibration wall made of concrete which allows simulating different realistic three-dimensional wall contaminations. Contrary to many other calibration phantoms the K-RISK phantom permits completely reversible three-dimensional activity distributions. The comparison measurement is a useful tool for quality assurance and allows the participants to review their measurements relating to measurement, calibration or analysis. 19 institutions (industry, surveyor, authorities) from Germany, Austria and Switzerland participated at the comparison measurement.

  11. America's energy policy in a state of change. An analysis from a national and international viewpoint; Amerikas Energiepolitik im Wandel. Eine Analyse aus nationaler und internationaler Sicht

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Liedtke, Stephan

    2011-07-01

    It is shown how maintaining a secure and inexpensive energy supply has since long been a declared goal of U.S. American policy, but one that has not met with success up until now. Are there nevertheless signs of a rethinking of energy policy? Why has it been so difficult to date to implement a fundamental change? The present book examines the guidelines of U.S. energy policy at the national level as well as the strategies pursued by the United States to secure its energy supply at the level of foreign policy. The focus of inquiry is on the question as to the means by which the United States are striving to reduce their dependence on fossil fuels and make use of non-fossil resources in their place. The book analyses U.S. energy policy up to the failure in June 2010 of the climate protection and energy law championed by President Barack Obama. It shows with a high degree of topicality to what extent the United States have taken action towards an energy turnaround and what difficulties lie in the way of further reform.

  12. Energy politics and geopolitics - an analysis of the international tensions in the 21. century; Politique et geopolitique de l'energie - Une analyse des tensions internationales au 21eme siecle

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Furfari, Samuele

    2012-02-01

    Necessary, unloved, abundant but often polluting, expensive but often wasted, energy remains the indispensable blood which irrigates the world economy, supplies the engine of economic growth, and generates together peace and conflicts. The energy questions have been first technical (resources extraction), economical (resources management) and geopolitical (resources property). Today they have become mainly political. With the development of emerging countries, the worldwide distribution of energy resources has become a worrying geopolitical issue for industrialized countries. These countries have to deal with contradictory political choices: the security of supplies on the one hand, and the sustainable development on the other hand. In this book, the author explains that despite a sustained development of renewable energy sources and an energy capacity in permanent progress, and despite a bad geographical distribution of resources, the fossil fuels still dominate the energy scene today and will do so for a long time. With some precise figures and clear explanations of geopolitical situations, the author shares with us his knowledge gained during several years of energy files management at the European Commission. (J.S.)

  13. ILK statement on the recommendations by the working group on procedures for the selection of repository sites; ILK-Stellungnahme zu den Empfehlungen des Arbeitskreises Auswahlverfahren Endlagerstandorte Internationale (AkEnd)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anon.

    2003-11-01

    The Working Group on Procedures for the Selection of Repository Sites (AkEnd) had been appointed by the German Federal Ministry for the Environment (BMU) to develop procedures and criteria for the search for, and selection of, a repository site for all kinds of radioactive waste in deep geologic formations in Germany. ILK in principle welcomes the attempt on the part of AkEnd to develop a systematic procedure. On the other hand, ILK considers the two constraints imposed by BMU inappropriate: AkEnd was not to take into account the two existing sites of Konrad and Gorleben and, instead, work from a so-called white map of Germany. ILK recommends to perform a comprehensive safety analysis of Gorleben and define a selection procedure including the facts about Gorleben and, in addition, to commission the Konrad repository as soon as possible. The one-repository concept established as a precondition by BMU greatly restricts the selection procedure. There are no technical or scientific reasons for such concept. ILK recommends to plan for separate repositories, which would also correspond to international practice. The geoscientific criteria proposed by AkEnd should be examined and revised. With respect to the site selection procedure proposed, ILK feels that procedure is unable to define a targeted approach. Great importance must be attributed to public participation. The final site selection must be made under the responsibility of the government or the parliament. (orig.) [German] Der Arbeitskreis Auswahlverfahren Endlagerstandorte (AkEnd) hat Ende 2002 seine Empfehlungen vorgestellt. Der AkEnd war vom Bundesumweltministerium (BMU) berufen worden, um Verfahren und Kriterien fuer die Suche und die Auswahl eines Endlagerstandortes fuer alle Arten radioaktiver Abfaelle in tiefen geologischen Formationen in Deutschland zu entwickeln. Die ILK begruesst grundsaetzlich den Versuch des AkEnd, ein systematisches Verfahren zu entwickeln. Allerdings haelt die ILK die beiden vom BMU vorgegebenen Randbedingungen fuer ungeeignet: - Der AkEnd sollte die beiden vorhandenen Standorte Konrad und Gorleben nicht beruecksichtigen und von einer sog. weissen Deutschlandkarte ausgehen. Die ILK empfiehlt, eine umfassende Sicherheitsanalyse fuer Gorleben durchzufuehren und ein Auswahlverfahren zu definieren, das die Fakten betreffend Gorleben mit einbezieht, sowie das Endlager Konrad moeglichst bald in Betrieb zu nehmen. - Das vom BMU vorgegebene Ein-Endlager-Konzept schraenkt das Auswahlverfahren stark ein. Es gibt keine technischen oder naturwissenschaftlichen Gruende fuer ein solches Konzept. Die ILK empfiehlt, getrennte Endlager vorzusehen, was auch im Einklang mit der internationalen Praxis steht. Die vom AkEnd vorgeschlagenen geowissenschaftlichen Kriterien sind zu ueberpruefen und zu ueberarbeiten. Hinsichtlich des Verfahrensvorschlags zur Standortsuche ist die ILK der Ansicht, dass dieser nicht geeignet ist, ein zielfuehrendes Verfahren zu definieren. Der Beteiligung der Oeffentlichkeit muss eine hohe Bedeutung zugemessen werden. Die abschliessende Standortentscheidung muss in der Verantwortung von Regierung oder Parlament liegen. (orig.)

  14. The international management of big scientific research programs. The example of particle physics; La gestion internationale des grands programmes de recherche scientifique l'exemple de la physique des particules

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Feltesse, J. [CEA Saclay, Dept. d' Astrophysique, de Physique des Particules, de Physique Nucleaire et de l' Instrumentation Associee, 91- Gif sur Yvette (France); Comite de Directives Scientifique du CERN (France)

    2004-07-01

    High energy physics is a basic research domain with a well established European and international cooperation. Cooperation can be of different type depending on the size of the facilities involved (accelerators), on their financing, and on the type of experiments that use these facilities. The CERN, the European center for nuclear research, created in October 1954, is the best example of such a cooperation. This article examines first the juridical and scientifical structure of the CERN and the mode of organization of big experiments. Then, it presents the role of international committees in the establishment of a common scientific policy in Europe and in the rest of the world. Finally, the possible future evolution of the CERN towards a worldwide project is evoked. (J.S.)

  15. Les expositions universelles et internationales comme des méga-événements: une incarnation éphémère d'un fait social total?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrice Ballester

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Les métropoles mondiales diversifient leur politique urbaine en organisant des méga-événements permettant la création, promotion et valorisation de complexe de foire. Les Expositions découlent de cette logique au même titre que les Jeux olympiques de 2016 à Rio de Janeiro et les mondiaux de football de 2014 au Brésil. Quels sont les effets durables d'un événement éphémère? À partir de la notion de fait social total selon Marcel Mauss, associée à une enquête de terrain pour Saragosse 2008 Expo et d'une analyse du dossier de candidature de São Paulo 2020 Expo, ces méga-événements incarnent à la fois un message humaniste tronqué dans le fait de rassembler le monde entier à travers un tourisme de masse réducteur, mais aussi un moyen de communication et de diffusion d'une culture nationale et d'un savoir-faire technique à l'échelle mondiale. La puissance de l'événement et sa propagande amplifie les critiques de ces utopies contrariées.

  16. International energy supply law. Report on the meeting of the Institut fuer Energierecht at Koeln University, October 27, 1988. Internationales Energiewirtschaftsrecht. Bericht ueber die Tagung des Instituts fuer Energierecht an der Universitaet zu Koeln am 27. Oktober 1988

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Baur, J F; Kaiser, B; Jonetzki, J; Piel, T; Riede, M

    1989-01-01

    So far, there is little experience on the consequences of a relaxation of supply territory protection. Most of the plans are still in the experimenting stage, e.g. in Great Britain, the Netherlands, and West Germany. The USA have a certain tradition of deregulation, but do little to enforce things, while France is secure in its state monopoly energy supply. (orig./HP).

  17. Importance économique du transport dans les contraintes énergétiques internationales. Le cas des hydrocarbures Economic Importance of Transportation in International Energy Constraints. the Case of Hydrocarbons

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Masseron J.

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available Les nombreuses prévisions publiées pour tenter d'estimer l'offre et la demande d'énergie d'ici la fin du XX' siècle montrent qu'il est nécessaire d'examiner les conditions de transport à grande distance de l'ensemble des ressources énergétiques. Le présent article tente, à partir des scenarios des besoins énergétiques mondiaux, d'analyser à quelles conditions pratiques seront soumis les échanges. L'auteur passe successivement en revue les différents moyens de transport pour chaque type d'énergie et les problèmes qui s'y rattachent. En particulier, il montre l'interdépendance des diverses formes de transport et souligne l'absence d'une véritable coopération dans les échanges internationaux d'énergie. The numerous published forecosts attempting to estimate the supply and demand for energy between now and the end of the 20th century show that an examination must be made of long-distance transportation conditions thot will govern exchanges. The present article is based on scenarios for worldwide energy needs and attempts to onalyze the practical conditions that will govern exchanges. A review is made of different means of transportation for each type of energy and the problems they entail. In porticular, the article shows the interdependence of different forms of transportation and emphasizes the absence of any veritable coopération in international energy exchanges.

  18. Systems Concepts for Integrated Air Defense of Multinational Mobile Crisis Reaction Forces (Concepts de systemes pour la defense aerienne integree de forces internationales mobiles d’intervention en situation de crise)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2001-03-01

    characteristics shown in Table 1 are based upon a conventional armoured formation, and implicitly at divisional level or above, they could also apply at lower...widely dispersed Ease of Physical big/hot mid-size/cool small/cold targeting Camouflage scrimmed draped visual full/thermal EMCON 4 3 2 1 Visibility...line of sight occulting/obscured non line of sight Contact static FLOT fluid confused melée Armour soft semi-hard hard defensive aids Protection

  19. INIS: international nuclear information system. World first international database on pacific uses of nuclear sciences and technologies; INIS: International Nuclear Information System. Premiere base de donnees internationale sur les applications pacifiques des sciences et technologies nucleaires

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Surmont, J.; Constant, A.; Guille, N.; Le Blanc, A.; Mouffron, O.; Anguise, P.; Jouve, J.J

    2007-07-01

    This poster, prepared for the 2007 CEA meetings on scientific and technical information, presents the INIS information system, the document-types content and subject coverage of the database, the French contribution to this system thanks to the INIS team of the CEA-Saclay, the input preparation process, and an example of valorization of a scientific and historical patrimony with the CEA/IAEA joint project of digitization of about 2760 CEA reports published between 1948 and 1969. All these reports have been digitized by the IAEA and analyzed by CEA, and entered in the INIS database with a link to the full text. (J.S.)

  20. World Energy Outlook 2004. The new report of the International Energy Agency; World Energy Outlook 2004. Le nouveau rapport de l'Agence Internationale de l'Energie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anon.

    2004-12-01

    Here is given the complete text of the summary of the World Energy Outlook report of the International Energy Agency. This report includes an alternative scenario which gives the image of an energy future more efficient and more respectful of the environment than those of the reference scenario. (O.M.)

  1. Thermal and enzymatic pretreatment of sludge containing phthalate esters prior to mesophilic anaerobic digestion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gavala, Hariklia N.; Yenal, U.; Ahring, Birgitte Kiær

    2004-01-01

    The present study aimed at investigating the effect of thermal pretreatment of sludge at 70degreesC on the anaerobic degradation of three commonly found phthalic acid esters (PAE): di-ethyl phthalate (DEP), di-butyl phthalate (DBP), and di-ethylhexyl phthalate (DEHP). Also, the enzymatic treatment...... at 28degreesC with a commercial lipase was studied as a way to enhance PAE removal. Pretreatment at 70degreesC of the sludge containing PAE negatively influenced the anaerobic biodegradability of phthalate esters at 37degreesC. The observed reduction of PAE biodegradation rates after the thermal...... pretreatment was found to be proportional to the PAE solubility in water: the higher the solubility, the higher the percentage of the reduction (DEP > DBP > DEHP). PAE were slowly degraded during the pretreatment at 70degreesC, yet this was probably due to physicochemical reactions than to microbial...

  2. Risikostyring gennem retlige standarder i CSR værktøjer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Buhmann, Karin

    2006-01-01

    Artiklen introducerer udvalgte CSR værktøjer med særligt henblik på, hvordan retlige standarder kan hjælpe virksomheder til at undgå forretningsmæssige risici relateret til menneskerettigheder og arbejdstagerrettigheder. De værktøjer, der gennemgås, er udvalgt ud fra det kriterium, at menneskeret...... UN Global Compact o UN Norms (FNs normer om virksomheders menneskerettighedsansvar) o SA8000 o GRI (Global Reporting Initiative) o AA1000 o CSR Kompasset...

  3. Pollution characteristics and health risk assessment of phthalate esters in urban soil in the typical semi-arid city of Xi'an, Northwest China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Lijun; Liu, Mengmei; Tao, Wendong; Zhang, Wenjuan; Wang, Li; Shi, Xingmin; Lu, Xinwei; Li, Xiaoping

    2018-01-01

    A total of 62 urban soil samples were collected in the city of Xi'an in Northwest China, and analyzed for six U.S. Environmental Protection Agency priority phthalate esters (PAEs). Unlike earlier studies on PAEs in agricultural soil as well as urban soil in humid climates, this paper for the first time comprehensively assessed pollution characteristics and health risks of human exposure to PAEs in urban soil in a typical semi-arid climate. The total concentrations of the six PAEs (Σ6PAEs) in the urban soil varied between 193.0 and 19146.4 μg kg -1 with a mean of 1369.3 μg kg -1 . The PAEs were dominated by di-n-butyl phthalate and di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate. Magnetic susceptibility and soil texture were controlling factors influencing the concentrations of PAEs in the urban soil. The concentrations of benzyl butyl phthalate, di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate, and Σ6PAEs increased from the first to third ring roads, while the concentrations of di-n-octyl phthalate decreased. Relatively higher levels of PAEs were observed in industrial, traffic, and residential areas. The PAEs in the urban soil originated mainly from the application of plasticizers or additives, use of cosmetics and personal care products, emissions of construction materials and home furnishings, industrial processes, and atmospheric deposition. The concentrations of some PAEs in the urban soil exceeded soil allowable concentrations and environmental risk levels. The non-cancer and carcinogenic risks of human exposure to the PAEs were relatively low. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  4. Popliteal artery entrapment syndrome

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Klooster, N.J.J.; Janevski, B.K.; Kitslaar, P.

    1988-01-01

    Two patients with unilateral popliteal artery entrapment syndrome (PAES) are reported. The importance of diligence in angiographic diagnosis and recognition of the so-called 'functional' PAES group as a separate entity are stressed. It is inferred from our material that a surgical approach for PAES is to be advocated since surgical release of the entrapment can lead to complete resolution of symptoms regardless of aetiology. (orig.) [de

  5. Caudate Asymmetry: A Neurobiological Marker of Moderate Prenatal Alcohol Exposure in Young Adults

    OpenAIRE

    Willford, Jennifer; Day, Richard; Aizenstein, Howard; Day, Nancy

    2010-01-01

    This study identified structural changes in the caudate nucleus in offspring of mothers who drank moderate levels of alcohol during pregnancy. In addition, the effect of duration of alcohol use during pregnancy was assessed. Young adults were recruited from the Maternal Health Practices and Child Development Project. Three groups were evaluated: prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) during all three trimesters (3T), PAE during the first trimester only (1T), and controls with no PAE (0T). Magnetic r...

  6. Influence of water solubility, side chain degradability and side chain configuration on the degradation of phthalic acid esters under methanogenic conditions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Alnervik, M.

    1996-12-31

    Water solubility and degradability of side chains estrifying phthalic acid are factors possible to influence the degradation of phthalic acid esters (PAEs). To investigate the importance of these factors degradation of butyl 2-ethylhexyl phthalate (BEHP), bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP), dibutyl phthalate (DBP), dihexyl phthalate (DHP), dioctyl phthalate (DOP) and didecyl phthalate (DDP) were examined under methanogenic conditions as well as was the degradability of the alcohols estrifying these PAEs. We also investigated if the degradation of resistant PAEs could be stimulated by the addition of a degradable PAE. Synthesis of degradation intermediates and two methods for PAE analyses are presented. The investigation showed that all alcohols were degraded to methane and carbon dioxide and that the degradation of PAE occurred in incubations amended with BBP, BEHP, DHP and DBP, whilst DEHP, DOP and DDP were unaffected throughout the experimental period. BBP added to incubations with DEHP, could not stimulate DEHP degradation. In conclusion, the degradability of alcohols estrifying phthalic acid in this study does not affect the anaerobic degradability of PAEs. Water solubility of a PAE can not be rejected as a factor limiting phthalate degradation under methanogenic conditions. Anaerobic degradation of persistent PAEs can not be stimulated by mixing it with a degradable phthalate. 23 refs, 11 figs, 2 tabs

  7. [Characteristics of Phthalic Acid Esters in Agricultural Soils and Products in Areas of Zhongshan City, South China].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Bin; Wu, Shan; Liang, Jin-ming; Liang, Wen-li; Chen, Gui-xian; Li, Yong-jun; Yang, Guo-yi

    2015-06-01

    In order to investigate and assess the pollution level of phthalic acid esters (PAEs) in farm soils and products from typical agricultural fields in areas of Zhongshan City, Guangdong Province, South China, 65 topsoil and 37 agricultural product samples were collected and contents of 6 PAEs compounds that classified by the U. S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) as priority pollutants were determined by the GC-FID. The results indicated that total contents of the PAEs (∑ PAEs) in soils ranged from 0. 14 to 1. 14 mg x kg(-1), and the mean value was 0.43 mg x kg(-1), with the detected ratio of 100%. Various concentrations of PAEs differed in three land-use types were ordered by vegetable soil > orchard soil > paddy soil. Comparing with six U.S. EPA priority pollutants of PAEs, the contents of Di-n-butyl phthalate (DBP) and Dimethyl phthalate ( DMP) in soils exceeded the control limits of PAEs in the American soil by 93.85% and 27.69% respectively, but the rest four PAEs compounds were lower than the control limits. Generally, the pollution level of soils contaminated by PAEs in agricultural fields of Zhongshan City was relatively low. The contents of 3 PAEs in agricultural products ranged from 0.15 to 3.15 mg x kg(-1) with the average of 1.12 mg x kg(-1), which was lower than the suggested standards in USA and Europe and with low health risk. Meanwhile, ∑ PAEs concentrations in vegetables were higher than those both in rice and fruits. DBP and DEHP were the main components of PAEs both in agricultural soils and products, with higher percentage contents and detected ratio. ∑ PAEs and DBP contents in various agricultural products-soils had a significantly positive correlation, with Pearson coefficients (r) in vegetables-vegetable soils were 0.81 (P = 0.000), 0.75 (P = 0.000), and corresponding r among rice-paddy soil and fruits-fruit soils were 0.74 (P = 0.036), 0.65 (P = 0.041) and 0.66 (P = 0.029), 0.78 (P = 0.045), respectively. Although there existed a

  8. Physical activity: does environment make a difference for tension, stress, emotional outlook, and perceptions of health status?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Puett, Robin; Teas, Jane; España-Romero, Vanesa; Artero, Enrique Garcia; Lee, Duck-chul; Baruth, Meghan; Sui, Xuemei; Montresor-López, Jessica; Blair, Steven N

    2014-11-01

    The importance of physical activity for health is well-established. Questions remain whether outdoor exercise additionally benefits overall mental and physical well-being. Using cross-sectional data from the Aerobics Center Longitudinal Study, we examined relationships of physical activity environment (PAE) with reported tension, stress, emotional outlook, and health. 11,649 participants were included. 18% exercised indoors, 54% outdoors, and 28% in both. Participants who exercised partially or entirely outdoors exercised more. In fully adjusted models, for women combined PAE was protective for worse emotional outlook (OR: 0.72; 95% CI: 0.52-0.98). Combined PAE was also protective for reported poor health (OR for women: 0.63; 95% CI: 0.44-0.91; OR for men: 0.75; 95% CI: 0.61-0.92). Amount of physical activity modified PAE relationships with outcomes. Combined and outdoor PAE were more consistently protective for worse outcomes among high activity participants. Regardless of PAE, better outcomes were observed in active versus inactive participants. The current study suggests addition of outdoor PAE may be linked with better stress management, outlook and health perceptions for more active populations, whereas indoor PAE may be more important for low active populations. Further research should examine the order of causation and whether type of outdoor PAE (eg, urban, natural) is important.

  9. Soil contamination by phthalate esters in Chinese intensive vegetable production systems with different modes of use of plastic film

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wang, Jun; Luo, Yongming; Teng, Ying; Ma, Wenting; Christie, Peter; Li, Zhengao

    2013-01-01

    The concentrations of six priority phthalic acid esters (PAEs) in intensively managed suburban vegetable soils in Nanjing, east China, were analyzed using gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (GC–MS). The total PAE concentrations in the soils ranged widely from 0.15 to 9.68 mg kg −1 with a median value of 1.70 mg kg −1 , and di-n-butyl phthalate (DnBP), bis-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) and di-n-octyl phthalate (DnOP) were the most abundant phthalate esters. Soil PAE concentrations depended on the mode of use of plastic film in which PAEs were incorporated as plasticizing agents and both the plastic film and poultry manure appeared to be important sources of soil PAEs. Vegetables in rotation with flooded rice led to lower concentrations of PAEs in soil. The results indicate that agricultural plastic film can be an important source of soil PAE contamination and further research is required to fully elucidate the mechanisms of PAE contamination of intensive agricultural soils with different use modes of use of plastic film. -- Highlights: •Phthalate esters in soils from suburban intensive vegetable production systems were investigated. •Phthalate levels and risks of the vegetable soils with different plastic film use modes were examined. •Sources of phthalate esters in vegetable production soils were analyzed. -- PAE contamination of intensively managed vegetable soils varied widely depending on the mode of use of plastic film in different production systems

  10. Fine motor skills in children with prenatal alcohol exposure or fetal alcohol spectrum disorder.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doney, Robyn; Lucas, Barbara R; Jones, Taryn; Howat, Peter; Sauer, Kay; Elliott, Elizabeth J

    2014-01-01

    Prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) can cause fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) and associated neurodevelopmental impairments. It is uncertain which types of fine motor skills are most likely to be affected after PAE or which assessment tools are most appropriate to use in FASD diagnostic assessments. This systematic review examined which types of fine motor skills are impaired in children with PAE or FASD; which fine motor assessments are appropriate for FASD diagnosis; and whether fine motor impairments are evident at both "low" and "high" PAE levels. A systematic review of relevant databases was undertaken using key terms. Relevant studies were extracted using a standardized form, and methodological quality was rated using a critical appraisal tool. Twenty-four studies met inclusion criteria. Complex fine motor skills, such as visual-motor integration, were more frequently impaired than basic fine motor skills, such as grip strength. Assessment tools that specifically assessed fine motor skills more consistently identified impairments than those which assessed fine motor skills as part of a generalized neurodevelopmental assessment. Fine motor impairments were associated with "moderate" to "high" PAE levels. Few studies reported fine motor skills of children with "low" PAE levels, so the effect of lower PAE levels on fine motor skills remains uncertain. Comprehensive assessment of a range of fine motor skills in children with PAE is important to ensure an accurate FASD diagnosis and develop appropriate therapeutic interventions for children with PAE-related fine motor impairments.

  11. Occurrence and Removal Characteristics of Phthalate Esters from Typical Water Sources in Northeast China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yu Liu

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The presence of phthalate esters (PAEs in the environment has gained a considerable attention due to their potential impacts on public health. This study reports the first data on the occurrence of 15 PAEs in the water near the Mopanshan Reservoir—the new and important water source of Harbin city in Northeast China. As drinking water is a major source for human exposure to PAEs, the fate of target PAEs in the two waterworks (Mopanshan Waterworks and Seven Waterworks was also analyzed. The results demonstrated that the total concentrations of 15 PAEs in the water near the Mopanshan Reservoir were relatively moderate, ranging from 355.8 to 9226.5 ng/L, with the mean value of 2943.1 ng/L. DBP and DEHP dominated the PAE concentrations, which ranged from 52.5 to 4498.2 ng/L and 128.9 to 6570.9 ng/L, respectively. The occurrence and concentrations of these compounds were heavily spatially dependent. Meanwhile, the results on the waterworks samples suggested no significant differences in PAE levels with the input of the raw waters. Without effective and stable removal of PAEs after the conventional drinking water treatment in the waterworks (25.8% to 76.5%, the risks posed by PAEs through drinking water ingestion were still existing, which should be paid special attention to the source control in the Mopanshan Reservoir and some advanced treatment processes for drinking water supplies.

  12. Effects of Persea americana Mill (Lauraceae) ["Avocado"] ethanolic leaf extract on blood glucose and kidney function in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats and on kidney cell lines of the proximal (LLCPK1) and distal tubules (MDBK).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gondwe, M; Kamadyaapa, D R; Tufts, M A; Chuturgoon, A A; Ojewole, J A O; Musabayane, C T

    2008-01-01

    Extracts of Persea americana Mill (Lauraceae) ("Avocado") have been traditionally used to treat hypertension and diabetes mellitus. Accordingly, we studied the hypoglycaemic and renal function effects of P. americana leaf ethanolic extracts (PAE) in STZ-induced diabetic rats. Oral glucose tolerance responses to various doses of PAE were monitored in fasted rats following a glucose load. Rats treated with deionized water or standard hypoglycaemic drugs acted as untreated and treated positive controls, respectively. Acute renal effects of PAE were investigated in anesthetized rats challenged with 0.077 M NaCl after a 3.5-h equilibration for 4 h comprising 1 h control, 1.5 h treatment and 1.5 h recovery periods. PAE was added to the infusate during the treatment period. Hepatic glycogen concentration was measured after 6 weeks of daily treatment with PAE. PAE induced dose-dependent hypoglycaemic responses in STZ-induced diabetic rats while subchronic PAE treatment additionally increased hepatic glycogen concentrations. Acute PAE infusion decreased urine flow and electrolyte excretion rates, whilst subchronic treatment reduced plasma creatinine and urea concentrations. These results indicate not only the basis of the ethnomedicinal use of P. americana leaf extract in diabetes management, but also of need for further studies to identify and evaluate the safety of PAE's bioactive compounds. (c) 2008 Prous Science, S.A.U. or its licensors. All rights reserved.

  13. Potential mechanisms of phthalate ester embryotoxicity in the abalone Haliotis diversicolor supertexta

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhou Jin [L-304, Life Sciences Division, Graduate School at Shenzhen, Tsinghua University, Shenzhen University Town, Xili, Shenzhen City 518055 (China); Cai Zhonghua, E-mail: caizh@sz.tsinghua.edu.cn [L-304, Life Sciences Division, Graduate School at Shenzhen, Tsinghua University, Shenzhen University Town, Xili, Shenzhen City 518055 (China); Key Laboratory of Aquatic-Ecology, Tianjin Agricultural University, Lishui Road 112, Tianjin 300384 (China); Xing Kezhi [Key Laboratory of Aquatic-Ecology, Tianjin Agricultural University, Lishui Road 112, Tianjin 300384 (China)

    2011-05-15

    The effects and associated toxicological mechanisms of five phthalate esters (PAEs) on abalone embryonic development were investigated by exposing the embryos to a range of PAEs concentrations (0.05, 0.2, 2 and 10 {mu}g/mL). The results showed that PAEs could significantly reduce embryo hatchability, increase developmental malformations, and suppress the metamorphosis of abalone larvae. The possible toxicological mechanisms of PAEs to abalone embryos included, affecting the Na{sup +}-K{sup +}-pump and Ca{sup 2+}-Mg{sup 2+}-pump activities, altering the peroxidase (POD) level and the malondialdehyde (MDA) production, damaging the extraembryonic membranes structure, as well as disrupting endocrine-related genes (gpx, cyp3a, and 17{beta}-hsd 12) expression properties. Taken together, this work showed that PAEs adversely affected the embryonic ontogeny of abalone. The abilities of PAEs affecting the osmoregulation, inducing oxidative stress, damaging embryo envelope structure, and causing physiological homeostasis disorder, are likely to be a part of the common mechanisms responsible for their embryonic toxicity. - Highlights: > PAEs affected abalone hatchability, morphogenesis and metamorphosis behavior. > The toxicity of the five PAEs to embryogenesis was ranked as DBP > DEP > DMP > DOP > DEHP. > The osmoregulation disorder and oxidative damage are the potential mechanisms. - Potential mechanisms of PAEs on abalone embryogenesis are osmoregulation disorder, oxidative damage and physiological dysfunction.

  14. Potential mechanisms of phthalate ester embryotoxicity in the abalone Haliotis diversicolor supertexta

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zhou Jin; Cai Zhonghua; Xing Kezhi

    2011-01-01

    The effects and associated toxicological mechanisms of five phthalate esters (PAEs) on abalone embryonic development were investigated by exposing the embryos to a range of PAEs concentrations (0.05, 0.2, 2 and 10 μg/mL). The results showed that PAEs could significantly reduce embryo hatchability, increase developmental malformations, and suppress the metamorphosis of abalone larvae. The possible toxicological mechanisms of PAEs to abalone embryos included, affecting the Na + -K + -pump and Ca 2+ -Mg 2+ -pump activities, altering the peroxidase (POD) level and the malondialdehyde (MDA) production, damaging the extraembryonic membranes structure, as well as disrupting endocrine-related genes (gpx, cyp3a, and 17β-hsd 12) expression properties. Taken together, this work showed that PAEs adversely affected the embryonic ontogeny of abalone. The abilities of PAEs affecting the osmoregulation, inducing oxidative stress, damaging embryo envelope structure, and causing physiological homeostasis disorder, are likely to be a part of the common mechanisms responsible for their embryonic toxicity. - Highlights: → PAEs affected abalone hatchability, morphogenesis and metamorphosis behavior. → The toxicity of the five PAEs to embryogenesis was ranked as DBP > DEP > DMP > DOP > DEHP. → The osmoregulation disorder and oxidative damage are the potential mechanisms. - Potential mechanisms of PAEs on abalone embryogenesis are osmoregulation disorder, oxidative damage and physiological dysfunction.

  15. Chronic Supplementation of Paeonol Combined with Danshensu for the Improvement of Vascular Reactivity in the Cerebral Basilar Artery of Diabetic Rats

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Jing; Li, Ya-Ling; Li, Zi-Lin; Li, Hua; Zhou, Xuan-Xuan; Qiu, Peng-Cheng; Yang, Qian; Wang, Si-Wang

    2012-01-01

    One of the leading causes of death in the world is cerebrovascular disease. Numerous Chinese traditional medicines, such as Cortex Moutan (root bark of Paeonia suffruticosa Andrew) and Radix Salviae miltiorrhizae (root and rhizome of Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge), protect against cerebrovascular diseases and exhibit anti-atherosclerotic effects. Traditional medicines have been routinely used for a long time in China. In addition, these two herbs are prescribed together in clinical practice. Therefore, the pharmacodynamic interactions between the active constituents of these two herbs, which are paeonol (Pae) and danshensu (DSS), should be particularly studied. The study of Pae and DSS can provide substantial foundations in understanding their mechanisms and empirical evidence to support clinical practice. This study investigated the effects and possible mechanisms of the pharmacodynamic interaction between Pae and DSS on cerebrovascular malfunctioning in diabetes. Experimental diabetes was induced in rats, which was then treated with Pae, DSS, and Pae + DSS for eight weeks. Afterward, cerebral arteries from all groups were isolated and equilibrated in an organ bath with Krebs buffer and ring tension. Effects of Pae, DSS, and Pae + DSS were observed on vessel relaxation with or without endothelium as well as on the basal tonus of vessels from normal and diabetic rats. Indexes about oxidative stress were also determined. We report that the cerebral arteries from diabetic rats show decreased vascular reactivity to acetylcholine (ACh) which was corrected in Pae, DSS, and Pae + DSS treated groups. Furthermore, phenylephrine (PE)-induced contraction response decreased in the treated groups. Phenylephrine and CaCl2-induced vasoconstrictions are partially inhibited in the three treated groups under Ca2+-free medium. Pre-incubated with tetraethylammonium, a non-selective K+ channel blocker, the antagonized relaxation responses increased in DSS and Pae + DSS treated diabetic

  16. Pemisahan dan Pemurnian Phthalic Acid Ester dari Minyak Nyamplung

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    William Ekaputra Taifan

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Minyak nyamplung dikenal sebagai minyak yang tidak dapat dikonsumsi. Oleh sebab itu, penelitian tentang minyak ini hanya fokus pada konversi minyak menjadi biodiesel. Pada penelitian ini, kami berusaha untuk memisahkan resin beracun dari fraksi metanol menggunakan ekstraksi pelarut diikuti kolom kromatografi. Resin beracun ini diidentifikasi sebagai phthalic acid ester (PAE. PAE ini biasanya digunakan sebagai zat aditif di industri polimer. Minyak nyamplung mengandung 1,8% PAE, yang masih jauh melebihi nilai ambang batas. Isolasi PAE dari minyak ini diharapkan dapt mengubah minyak yang tidak dapat dikonsumsi menjadi suplemen makanan yang bernilai. Proses isolasi PAE dimulai dengan memisahkan senyawa yang diinginkan dari lipid menggunakan ekstraksi pelarut bertingkat dengan metanol dan n-heksan. Analisa mass spectra dari fraksi pertama dan fraksi kedua metanol menunjukkan kandungan PAE sebesar 60% dan 6% pada tiap fraksi. Fraksi heksan tidak mengandung PAE. PAE yang terkandung pada fraksi metanol diisolasi lebih lanjut dari asam lemak menggunakan liquid column chromatography dengan n-heksan – etil asetat sebagai mobile phase. Bis- 2ethylhexyl phthalate diidentifikasi pada ketiga fraksi sesuai dengan hasil analisa GC-MS. Fraksi pertama diambil pada kondisi mobile phase 5% etil asetat, sedangkan fraksi kedua merupakan campuran 5% etil asetat dan 10% etil asetat. Fraksi ketiga diambil pada kondisi mobile phase 10% etil asetat mengandung PAE sebesar 98%. Fraksi keempat merupakan campuran 10% dan 15% mobile phase dan mengandung PAE sebesar 97%. Akhirnya, kandungan PAE pada fraksi metanol sebesar 58%. Dari hasil analisa, dapat disimpulkan bahwa mobile phase yang optimum untuk kromatografi adalah 10- 15% etil asetat dalam n-heksan.

  17. Ionizing radiation effects of Cobalt-60 on the physical-chemical, sensorial and microbiological of bread with addition of linseed (Linum usitatissimum); Efeitos da radiacao ionizante de cobalto-60 nas caracteristicas fisico-quimicas sensoriais e microbiolgicas de paes com adicao de linhaca (Linum usitatissimum)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Moura, Neila Camargo de

    2011-07-01

    The incorporation of functional ingredients on breading products has grown very much lately, because of the preoccupation with the consumers' health. The linseed has awakened the interest by its high level of fiber, lignin, omega-3 and antioxidants compounds. The objective of the present work is evaluate the ionizing radiation effect of {sup 60}Co on the physical-chemical, sensorial and microbiological characteristics of bread with addition of different concentration of brown linseed. There were elaborated 3 types of bread: French roll, form bread prepared with the mixture and form bread produced with conventional ingredients. It was added smashed brown linseed on the bread dough, with concentrations of 8% and 12%. After the preparation, the three kinds of bread packed with polypropylene packages and taken to the IPEN/USP (Institute of Nuclear Energetic Research/University of São Paulo) and irradiated with doses of 6, 8 and 10 kGy. Treatments were elaborated without the addition of linseed and without irradiation, for control, totalizing 12 distinct treatments, to each bread formula tested. Chemical analyses were made (centesimal composition, anti-nutritional compounds, anti-oxidant activity, glycemic index, fat acids, complex B vitamins and minerals); physical analyses (cooking index, volume, color and water activity); sensorial analyses (preference tests and Descriptive Quantitative Analysis - ADQ); microbiological analysis and a survey about irradiated products. It could be seen that the addition of linseed was efficient to increase the level of alimentary fiber and the level of lipids on the 3 bread formula. The three kinds of bread that received the linseed addition and that were not irradiated presented increase on the level of total phenolic; however, when the samples which received the linseed addition were submitted to the irradiation process, it could be noticed the decrease of the antioxidant capacity. There was an increase on the level of omega-3, depending on the percentage of linseed added to the bread. The linseed addition was effective to raise the level of potassium, phosphorus and magnesium. But, the irradiation decrease the level of vitamin B1 and vitamin B6 of the three kinds of bread. The irradiation did not influence the quality of the obtained bread. The sample tasters, not trained, accepted the bread independently of the doses of applied radiation. The ADQ test evidenced that the sensorial characteristics of the samples depend on the ingredient variation used on the formulas and on the radiation. The irradiated samples presented mold counting considerably lower than the non-irradiated samples, which increased the shelf-life of those products. The survey reveals that the majority of the people interviewed has little or any knowledge about radiation and believe that the irradiation can generate some kind of harm for human beings. Therefore, the bread production enriched with mashed linseed and submitted to gamma radiation is promising, given that the chemical and sensorial properties were considered satisfactory, besides the increasing of the shelf-time. (author)

  18. DanGrid. Report from working group 24. Roadmap for Smart Grid in Denmark with emphasis on the transmission companies' role; DanGrid. Delrapport. Arbejdsgruppe 24. Roadmap for Smart Grid i Danmark med saerlig vaegt pae netselskabernes rolle

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lomholt Finnemann, K. [DONG Energy, Virum (Denmark); Soerensen, Per [TRE-FOR, Kolding (Denmark); Larsen, Jim [EnergiMidt, Silkeborg (Denmark); Balasiu, A. [Siemens, Ballerup (Denmark); Holmberg Rasmussen, L. [Nordjysk Elhandel, Aalborg (Denmark); Moeller Joergensen, J. [Energinet.dk, Fredericia (Denmark); Norsk Jensen, A.; Nejsum, T.; Andersen, Kim [Dansk Energi, Frederiksberg (Denmark)

    2012-09-15

    The present report identifies a number of recommendations where specifically grid companies, but also authorities, customers and market players must initiate actions and activities to realize Smart Grid in Denmark by 2020. The report forms the basis for each network operator to implement Smart Grid, and is divided such that: 1 the management can create an overview of the steps to be taken in connection with the implementation, and 2. the technical department can develop a series of concrete actions to be implemented in the Smart Grid. The measures are divided into four groups: 1 - Establishment of business case and strategy: Efforts that support that each network operator prepares a business case and define a strategy for the creation of a Smart Grid. 2 - New technology in the grid: Measures relating to the importation of new technology in the grid, for example establishment of technology solutions for automating and monitoring the load on the network, and installing additional measurements at strategic points in the distribution network. 3 - Enabling customers' demand response: Initiatives that support that the grid company actively involves end users through price signals or by entering into agreements to regulate or move power consumption to a time of free capacity in the grid. 4 - Other activities: Measures which are horizontal and support that network companies develop a Smart Grid. New economic regulation of network companies is required to support the introduction of new technology in the grid, and at the same time crucial to enable customers' demand response. IT and data security must be established and customer engagement as active consumers of electricity should be strengthened. (LN)

  19. Environmental assessment of speeding up use of particle filters on passenger cars and vans. Air quality and population exposure for PM{sub 2.5}; Miljoevurdering af fremskyndelse af partikelfiltre pae person- og varebiler. Luftkvalitet og befolkningseksponering for PM{sub 2.5}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Solvang Jensen, S.; Ketzel, M. [DMU, Afd. for Atmosfaerisk Miljoe (Denmark)

    2006-11-15

    New stringent European Union emission standards for particles are expected to be implemented around 2010 for diesel-powered passenger cars and vans. Provided that such standards are agreed upon diesel-powered passenger cars and vans are expected to be equipped with particle filters that effectively will remove particle emissions. Against this background, the Danish Environmental Assessment Institute wanted to carry out a cost-benefit analysis of a scenario where the emission standards came into force in 2007 instead of 2010. The objective of the project is to assess the effects on particle emissions and air quality of PM{sub 2.5} (particles less than 2.5 micrometer) of moving forward the emission standards for passenger cars and vans. An assessment of a scenario is carried out that assumes that all new diesel-powered passenger cars and vans entering the vehicle fleet during January 1st, 2007 and December 31st, 2009 will be equipped with particle filters. The National Environmental Research Institute has carried out this assessment. (au)

  20. Version pediátrica del protocolo de evaluación de la adecuación (PAE: Aplicación a los cuatro Grupos Diagnósticos relacionados más frecuentes en un hospital infantil de la Coruña

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saleta Canosa Jesús Luis

    1997-01-01

    Full Text Available FUNDAMENTO: Existe un amplio consenso en que una parte de la utilización de los recursos hospitalarios es inadecuada, en el sentido de que los pacientes reciben servicios que no les proporcionan beneficios significativos, o bien, que podrían ser más beneficiosos, o menos costosos, en un nivel asistencial inferior. El objetivo principal de este trabajo es determinar, mediante la aplicación retrospectiva de la versión pediátrica del Protocolo de Evaluación de la Adecuación (AEP, el porcentaje de ingresos y estancias inadecuadas de los 4 Grupos Relacionados con el Diagnóstico (GDR más frecuentes en un hospital materno-infantil. MÉTODO: Se trata de un estudio retrospectivo en el que se analizan 353 historias clínicas (HC de las 361 que constituyen la población de estudio. Como análisis estadístico se utiliza Chi cuadrado y análisis de tendencia lineal. Sobre las medias obtenidas se aplicó un análisis de la varianza y la prueba de comparación múltiple de Scheffé. RESULTADOS: Las admisiones fueron juzgadas como adecuadas en 284 (80,5% de los casos e inadecuadas en 69 (19,5%. El 76% de las estancias revisadas fueron juzgadas como apropiadas y el 24% como inapropiadas. En el GDR 030 (estupor y coma de origen traumático, coma<1 hora, edad 0-17 se aprecia una relación directa entre duración de la estancia y uso inapropiado de la hospitalización. CONCLUSIONES: De los resultados de este estudio se desprende que una sustancial proporción de la utilización en el hospital es inapropiada y que, particularmente en el GDR 030, es probable se esté efectuando un manejo especialmente conservador.

  1. Methods of supporting learning and development of competence's with a view to electricity conservation - exemplified by hotels and restaurants; Metoder der kan stoette medarbejdernes laering og kompetanceudvikling med henblik pae el-besparelser - eksemplificeret ved hoteller og restauranter

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2005-12-15

    This report explains the R and D project and provides the background for the developed overview model and the established homepage under www.horesta/elfor.dk, where the results from the project are published. The aim of this project has been to develop and test a method that can support learning and competence development in relation to energy consumption in hotels and restaurants. The aim being to support the employee's ability and will to act towards occurring problems and provide solutions to energy consumption. The project has resulted in the development of an overview model, which support the learning, and competence development of the employees. The model has three main elements or pillars: the hotel, the strategy of involvement and the energy conservation process. Each of them contains a 'descriptive level' and a 'result layer' with conclusions in relation to potentials and barriers. Furthermore there is included a layer of examples. Initial there has been made a systematic mapping of the energy consumption in hotels and restaurants in relation to the building design and the behaviours of the employees. Special focus has been given to the possibilities for energy conservation through change in the behaviour and habits of consuming energy. The mapping is based on already available materials/methods to up-date these materials/methods the energy consumption was registered in 6 typical hotels and restaurants. The mapping covered measurement of the total electricity consumption and the consumption at selected areas/apparatus followed by a registration of the utilisation of locations and apparatus to identify significant possibilities for conservation of electricity. The effect for savings on electricity and especially the behavioural related savings was evaluated and good practices were established. The most promising possibilities for savings were described in guidelines. These guidelines, which are registered at the project homepage and have been forwarded to the project participants, have been used in connection with dialog meetings with the involved companies. The method in the project is based on involvement of the employees from the selected hotels and restaurants a method anchored in action research or the research based development work. Insight in the location is seen as the crucial for the employee's competence/ability to act and the employees are seen as the 'experts' in relation to the changes, which can be made. The projects is based on qualitative research methods and learning and competence development. The project has taken its foundation in this knowledge with regard to develop a new understanding on how knowledge can be connected to action within the area investigated in the project. I.e.: 1) Specify the kind of knowledge that contribute to the employee's ability and will to act and change. 2) Pin point the barriers of different groups in relation to take action, including problems in relation to use explicit knowledge in decision processes which have consequences for the action and behaviour. 3) Enlighten connections between knowledge, actions and participation in learning- and change processes, which include energy consumption and behaviour. 4) Educated understanding of how employees can expand their ways and means to act in relation to consumption of energy, including a way to document technological, normative and organisatorial support structures for action. There has been established a homepage containing information of the project and the results of the project: www.horesta/elfor.dk. The homepage can be used by both case companies and non-participating companies having a general interest in energy conservation. The target group is the employees at hotel (and restaurants). There has been elaborated a folder describing ways and means to involve employees and it can serve as inspiration for both contributors and non-participating companies. The folder has been placed on the homepage under 'materials'. The folder has however also been send to the contributing companies. Furthermore here has been elaborated an idea catalogue for companies which plan to start projects on electricity savings involving employees. Information of the learning's and experiences from the project has been prepared in form of an overview model, which has been put on the homepage. The model is made in a way that different target groups can utilise it as the tool to support the implementation of the electric saving process with involvement of the employees. There has been made a short introduction to the overview model on the homepage especially directed to employees at the hotels. The information can also be used as a folder. Highlights from the project were summaries in connection with the conclusion of the project on dialogue meetings with companies and energy advisers. One of the conclusions of the project is that the model for involvement of employees and the highlights from the development project are exemplary and can be utilised by other businesses that hotels and restaurants, when companies and energy advisers initiates electricity savings and involvement of employees. The project has been carried through with a working group of employees from the Environmental department at HORESTA, HTS, Groen Noegle, Dansk Energianalyse and DPU. Researchers and project participants from DPU have been responsible for the content of the project and for the development and test of methods for involving employees with the aim to carry through electricity savings. Dansk Energi Analyse has carried through the mapping of energy consumption and the information of results to the companies. HORESTA has been responsible for the contact to the companies and the information of the results of the project shown on HORESTAs homepage. (au)

  2. Opteren voor de Netherlands Commercial Court

    OpenAIRE

    Hoeben, J.; Keirse, A.L.M.; Reijneveld, M.D.

    2017-01-01

    Internationale contracten leiden tot internationale handelsgeschillen. Deze kunnen onder meer worden beslecht bij een commercial court. In Nederland wordt momenteel een Netherlands Commercial Court (NCC) opgericht. Dit introduceert een keuze voor (contracts)partijen voor een nieuw forum voor beslechting van internationale handelsgeschillen in de Engelse taal, waarbij de belangen van snelheid, efficiëntie en goede financierbaarheid centraal staan. Dit artikel verkent de positieve aspecten van ...

  3. Reliable quantification of phthalates in environmental matrices (air, water, sludge, sediment and soil): a review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Net, Sopheak; Delmont, Anne; Sempéré, Richard; Paluselli, Andrea; Ouddane, Baghdad

    2015-05-15

    Because of their widespread application, phthalates or phthalic acid esters (PAEs) are ubiquitous in the environment. Their presence has attracted considerable attention due to their potential impacts on ecosystem functioning and on public health, so their quantification has become a necessity. Various extraction procedures as well as gas/liquid chromatography and mass spectrometry detection techniques are found as suitable for reliable detection of such compounds. However, PAEs are ubiquitous in the laboratory environment including ambient air, reagents, sampling equipment, and various analytical devices, that induces difficult analysis of real samples with a low PAE background. Therefore, accurate PAE analysis in environmental matrices is a challenging task. This paper reviews the extensive literature data on the techniques for PAE quantification in natural media. Sampling, sample extraction/pretreatment and detection for quantifying PAEs in different environmental matrices (air, water, sludge, sediment and soil) have been reviewed and compared. The concept of "green analytical chemistry" for PAE determination is also discussed. Moreover useful information about the material preparation and the procedures of quality control and quality assurance are presented to overcome the problem of sample contamination and these encountered due to matrix effects in order to avoid overestimating PAE concentrations in the environment. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  4. Secondary Agricultural Education Teachers as Agents of Change in Oklahoma and the Adoption of Precision Agriculture

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nickeson, Beth

    2013-01-01

    Research indicates that precision agricultural education (PAE) in Oklahoma affects environmental quality, water conservation, and crop yields. The purpose of this mixed methods study was to explore the nature and perceived effectiveness of PAE in Oklahoma secondary agricultural education classes. The study was framed by the diffusion of…

  5. Occurrence and Residue Pattern of Phthalate Esters in Fresh Tea Leaves and during Tea Manufacturing and Brewing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Pingxiang; Chen, Hongping; Gao, Guanwei; Hao, Zhenxia; Wang, Chen; Ma, Guicen; Chai, Yunfeng; Zhang, Lin; Liu, Xin

    2016-11-23

    The residues of 16 phthalate esters (PAEs) in fresh tea leaves and made tea were determined via gas chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry to study their distribution and degradation characteristics during tea planting and processing. Five PAEs were detected in all fresh tea leaves, and higher concentrations were detected in mature leaves. The distribution of PAEs in fresh tea leaves ranged from 69.7 to 2244.0 μg/kg. The degradative percentages of ∑ 5 PAEs during green tea manufacturing ranged from 61 to 63% and were significantly influenced by the drying process. The transfer rates of PAEs-D 4 ranged from 5.2 to 100.6%. PAEs with a high water solubility showed the highest transfer coefficient in the range of 91.8-100.6%, whereas PAEs with a high log K ow showed a low leaching efficiency below 11.9%. These results benefit the risk evaluation and establishment of a maximum residue limit for PAEs in tea.

  6. Simple Model of a Photoacoustic System as a CR Circuit

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fukuhara, Akiko; Kaneko, Fumitoshi; Ogawa, Naohisa

    2012-01-01

    We introduce the photoacoustic educational system (PAES), by which we can identify which gas causes the greenhouse effect in a classroom (Kaneko "et al" 2010 "J. Chem. Educ." 87 202-4). PAES is an experimental system in which a pulse of infrared (IR) is absorbed into gas as internal energy, an oscillation of pressure (sound) appears, and then we…

  7. Stemcell Information: SKIP000355 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available rius Aquarius ... 20-29 Female ... -- No PL-iPS-11|PAE551-derived iPS cells PAE551由来iPS細胞 human ES-li...amics in human induced pluripotent stem cells over time. Nishino K, Toyoda M, Yamazaki-Inoue M, Fukawatase Y

  8. Attitudes toward physical activity and exercise: comparison of memory clinic patients and their caregivers and prediction of activity levels.

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Connell, Megan E; Dal Bello-Haas, Vanina; Crossley, Margaret; Morgan, Debra G

    2015-01-01

    Regular physical activity and exercise (PA&E) reduces cognitive aging, may delay dementia onset, and for persons with dementia, may slow progression and improve quality of life. Memory clinic patients and caregivers described their PA&E and completed the Older Persons' Attitudes Toward Physical Activity and Exercise Questionnaire (OPAPAEQ). Caregivers and patients differed in their PA&E attitudes: patients were less likely to believe in the importance of PA&E for health promotion. PA&E attitudes were explored as predictors of self-reported exercise habits. Belief in the importance of high intensity exercise for health maintenance was the only variable that significantly predicted engagement in regular PA&E. Moreover, caregivers' attitudes toward high intensity exercise predicted memory patients' participation in PA&E. These findings may aid in development of exercise interventions for people with memory problems, and suggest that modification of specific attitudes toward exercise is an important component to ensure maximum participation and engagement in PA&E.

  9. The role of prostatic arterial embolization in patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia: a systematic review

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schreuder, S. M.; Scholtens, A. E.; Reekers, J. A.; Bipat, S.

    2014-01-01

    This study was designed to summarize the evidence on clinical outcomes and complications of prostatic arterial embolization (PAE) in patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). We searched Medline and Embase for PAE trials of patients with BPH upto November 2013. Two reviewers independently

  10. Soil contamination by phthalate esters in Chinese intensive vegetable production systems with different modes of use of plastic film.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Jun; Luo, Yongming; Teng, Ying; Ma, Wenting; Christie, Peter; Li, Zhengao

    2013-09-01

    The concentrations of six priority phthalic acid esters (PAEs) in intensively managed suburban vegetable soils in Nanjing, east China, were analyzed using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). The total PAE concentrations in the soils ranged widely from 0.15 to 9.68 mg kg(-1) with a median value of 1.70 mg kg(-1), and di-n-butyl phthalate (DnBP), bis-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) and di-n-octyl phthalate (DnOP) were the most abundant phthalate esters. Soil PAE concentrations depended on the mode of use of plastic film in which PAEs were incorporated as plasticizing agents and both the plastic film and poultry manure appeared to be important sources of soil PAEs. Vegetables in rotation with flooded rice led to lower concentrations of PAEs in soil. The results indicate that agricultural plastic film can be an important source of soil PAE contamination and further research is required to fully elucidate the mechanisms of PAE contamination of intensive agricultural soils with different use modes of use of plastic film. Crown Copyright © 2013. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  11. Popliteal artery entrapment syndrome in a young girl

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Haidar, Salwa; Thomas, Karen; Miller, Stephen

    2005-01-01

    Popliteal artery entrapment syndrome (PAES) is well-described in adults, but is an uncommon cause of lower-limb pain in children. We present an 11.5-year-old girl with thrombosed aneurysm of the right popliteal artery, subsequently diagnosed with bilateral type I PAES. Multimodality illustration of the radiological findings is presented. (orig.)

  12. Current quality issues in the Danish library and information services

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Johannsen, Carl Gustav

    1994-01-01

    Statusrapport for udbredelse af kvalitetsledelse i den danske biblioteks- og informationssektor i 1993. Rapporten afleveret til den internationale organisation FID, indenfor informations- og dokumentationsområdet....

  13. Capita Selecta Early Music Amsterdam : Kas eestlastele ainus koht varajase muusika õpinguteks? / Taavi-Mats Utt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Utt, Taavi-Mats

    2000-01-01

    SICi (Stichting Internationale Concerten en Werkgroepen) korraldatavast varajase muusika koolitusest, seminaride sarjast "Capita Selecta Early Music Amsterdam", SICi plaanist laiendada tegevust Kiievi ja Peterburi konservatooriumidesse

  14. Adsorption of Phthalates on Municipal Activated Sludge

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hongbo Wang

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Phthalates (PAEs are commonly detected in discharge of municipal wastewater treatment plants. This study investigated the removal of six typical PAEs with activated sludge and the results revealed that concentrations of aqueous PAEs decreased rapidly during the beginning 15 min and reached equilibrium within 2 hours due to the adsorption of activated sludge. The process followed first-order kinetic equation, except for dioctyl phthalate (DOP. The factors influencing the adsorption were also evaluated and it was found that higher initial concentrations of PAEs enhanced the removal but affected little the adsorption equilibrium time. The adsorption of PAEs favored lower operating temperature (the optimum temperature was approximately 25°C in this research, which could be an exothermic process. Additionally, lower aqueous pH could also benefit the adsorption.

  15. Postantibiotic effects and postantibiotic sub-MIC effects of tilmicosin, erythromycin and tiamulin on erythromycin-resistant Streptococcus suis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liping Wang

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available The postantibiotic effects (PAEs and postantibiotic sub-MIC effects (PA SMEs of tilmicosin, erythromycin and tiamulin on erythromycin-susceptible and erythromycin-resistant strains of Streptococcus suis (M phenotype were investigated in vitro. Tilmicosin and tiamulin induced significantly longer PAE and PA SME against both erythromycin-susceptible and erythromycin-resistant strains than did erythromycin. The durations of PAE and PA SMEs were proportional to the concentrations of drugs used for exposure. The PA SMEs were substantially longer than PAEs on S. suis (P<0.05 regardless of the antimicrobial used for exposure. The results indicated that the PAE and PA SME could help in the design of efficient control strategies for infection especially caused by erythromycin-resistant S. suis and that they may provide additional valuable information for the rational drug use in clinical practice.

  16. Postantibiotic effects and postantibiotic sub-MIC effects of tilmicosin, erythromycin and tiamulin on erythromycin-resistant Streptococcus suis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Liping; Zhang, Yuanshu

    2009-10-01

    The postantibiotic effects (PAEs) and postantibiotic sub-MIC effects (PA SMEs) of tilmicosin, erythromycin and tiamulin on erythromycin-susceptible and erythromycin-resistant strains of Streptococcus suis (M phenotype) were investigated in vitro. Tilmicosin and tiamulin induced significantly longer PAE and PA SME against both erythromycin-susceptible and erythromycin-resistant strains than did erythromycin. The durations of PAE and PA SMEs were proportional to the concentrations of drugs used for exposure. The PA SMEs were substantially longer than PAEs on S. suis (P<0.05) regardless of the antimicrobial used for exposure. The results indicated that the PAE and PA SME could help in the design of efficient control strategies for infection especially caused by erythromycin-resistant S. suis and that they may provide additional valuable information for the rational drug use in clinical practice.

  17. Popliteal Artery Entrapment Syndrome in Children: Experience With Four Cases of Acute Ischaemia and Review of the Literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Settembre, N; Bouziane, Z; Bartoli, M A; Nabokov, V; Venermo, M; Feugier, P; Malikov, S

    2017-04-01

    Popliteal artery entrapment syndrome (PAES) is an uncommon anatomical anomaly, frequently described in adults. The most common symptom is claudication. Acute limb ischaemia (ALI) in children is rare, but it may evolve and lead to limb loss or lifelong complications. Clinical and surgical experience of PAES in children is reported. Data from the literature are analysed in order to assess the severity of this disease and to identify the factors characterising the diagnosis and the outcome of treatment in paediatric patients. Four children (aged 7-16 years) were referred with ALI due to PAES. Among the 439 articles reporting cases of PAES, 55 patients under 18 years of age were the focus. The PAES cases were classified according to the Love and Whelan classification modified by Rich. Data from 79 children (106 limbs, 27 bilateral PAES) were collected and analysed. Type I PAES was present in 41 (39%), Type II in 23 (22%), Type III in 24 (23%), Type IV in 12 (11%), and Type V in two (2%) limbs. A functional PAES was present in one patient bilaterally. In two cases, the type of PAES was not reported. Claudication occurred in 68 cases (64%), and ALI in 19 (18%). In 60 cases (57%), revascularisation with or without myotomy was required; myotomy alone was performed in 41 cases (39%). Symptomatic PAES in children should be considered a severe condition requiring urgent investigation in order to avoid any delays in the treatment. Early diagnosis and treatment are essential to prevent serious complications. The long-term outcomes of surgical treatment with the correction of the anatomical anomaly and vascular reconstruction are satisfactory with a low complication rate. Copyright © 2017 European Society for Vascular Surgery. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  18. Efficacy and safety of prostate artery embolization for benign prostatic hyperplasia: an observational study and propensity-matched comparison with transurethral resection of the prostate (the UK-ROPE study).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ray, Alistair F; Powell, John; Speakman, Mark J; Longford, Nicholas T; DasGupta, Ranan; Bryant, Timothy; Modi, Sachin; Dyer, Jonathan; Harris, Mark; Carolan-Rees, Grace; Hacking, Nigel

    2018-04-12

    To assess the efficacy and safety of prostate artery embolization (PAE) for lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) secondary to benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and to conduct an indirect comparison of PAE with transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP). As a joint initiative between the British Society of Interventional Radiologists, the British Association of Urological Surgeons and the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence, we conducted the UK Register of Prostate Embolization (UK-ROPE) study, which recruited 305 patients across 17 UK urological/interventional radiology centres, 216 of whom underwent PAE and 89 of whom underwent TURP. The primary outcomes were International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) improvement in the PAE group at 12 months post-procedure, and complication data post-PAE. We also aimed to compare IPSS score improvements between the PAE and TURP groups, using non-inferiority analysis on propensity-score-matched patient pairs. The clinical results and urological measurements were performed at clinical sites. IPSS and other questionnaire-based results were mailed by patients directly to the trial unit managing the study. All data were uploaded centrally to the UK-ROPE study database. The results showed that PAE was clinically effective, producing a median 10-point IPSS improvement from baseline at 12 months post-procedure. PAE did not appear to be as effective as TURP, which produced a median 15-point IPSS score improvement at 12 months post-procedure. These findings are further supported by the propensity score analysis, in which we formed 65 closely matched pairs of patients who underwent PAE and patients who underwent TURP. In terms of IPSS and quality-of-life (QoL) improvement, there was no evidence of PAE being non-inferior to TURP. Patients in the PAE group had a statistically significant improvement in maximum urinary flow rate and prostate volume reduction at 12 months post-procedure. PAE had a reoperation rate of 5

  19. Application of positron annihilation induced auger electron spectroscopy to the study of surface chemistry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Weiss, A.H.; Yang, G.; Nangia, A.; Kim, J.H.; Fazleev, N.G.

    1996-01-01

    Positron annihilation induced Auger Electron Spectroscopy (PAES), makes use a beam of low energy positrons to excite Auger transitions by annihilating core electrons. This novel mechanism provides PAES with a number of unique features which distinguishes it from other methods of surface analysis. In PAES the very large collisionally induced secondary electron background which is present under the low energy Auger peaks using conventional techniques can be eliminated by using a positron beam whose energy is below the range of Auger electron energies. In addition, PAES is more surface selective than conventional Auger Spectroscopy because the PAES signal originates almost exclusively from the topmost atomic layer due to the fact that the positrons annihilating with the core electrons are trapped in an image correlation well just outside the surface. In this paper, recent applications of Positron Annihilation Induced Auger Electron Spectroscopy (PAES) to the study of surface structure and surface chemistry will be discussed including studies of the growth, alloying and inter-diffusion of ultrathin layers of metals, metals on semiconductors, and semiconductors on semiconductors. In addition, the possibilities for future application of PAES to the study of catalysis and surface chemistry will be outlined. (author)

  20. Efficacy and possible mechanisms of perillaldehyde in control of Aspergillus niger causing grape decay.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tian, Jun; Wang, Yanzhen; Zeng, Hong; Li, Zongyun; Zhang, Peng; Tessema, Akalate; Peng, Xue

    2015-06-02

    A variety of plant products have been recognized for their antifungal activity and recently have attracted food industry attention for their efficacy in controlling postharvest fungal decay of fruits. The antifungal activity of perillaldehyde (PAE) was evaluated against Aspergillus niger, a known cause of grape spoilage, and possible mechanisms were explored. PAE showed notable antifungal activity against A. niger, with a minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and a minimum fungicidal concentration (MFC) of 0.25 and 1 μl/ml, respectively. The accumulation of mycelial biomass was also inhibited by PAE in a dose-dependent manner, completely inhibiting mycelial growth at 1 μl/ml. In vivo data confirmed that the vapour treatment of grapes with various concentrations of PAE markedly improved control of A. niger and suppressed natural decay. Concentrations of PAE of 0.075 μl/ml air showed the greatest inhibition of fungal growth compared to the controls. Further experiments indicated that PAE activated a membrane-active mechanism that inhibits ergosterol synthesis, increases membrane permeability (as evidenced by extracellular pH and conductivity measurements), and disrupts membrane integrity, leading to cell death. Our findings suggest that this membrane-active mechanism makes PAE a promising potential antifungal agent for postharvest control of grape spoilage. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  1. Skeletal muscle and fetal alcohol spectrum disorder.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Myrie, Semone B; Pinder, Mark A

    2018-04-01

    Skeletal muscle is critical for mobility and many metabolic functions integral to survival and long-term health. Alcohol can affect skeletal muscle physiology and metabolism, which will have immediate and long-term consequences on health. While skeletal muscle abnormalities, including morphological, biochemical, and functional impairments, are well-documented in adults that excessively consume alcohol, there is a scarcity of information about the skeletal muscle in the offspring prenatally exposed to alcohol ("prenatal alcohol exposure"; PAE). This minireview examines the available studies addressing skeletal muscle abnormalities due to PAE. Growth restriction, fetal alcohol myopathy, and abnormalities in the neuromuscular system, which contribute to deficits in locomotion, are some direct, immediate consequences of PAE on skeletal muscle morphology and function. Long-term health consequences of PAE-related skeletal abnormalities include impaired glucose metabolism in the skeletal muscle, resulting in glucose intolerance and insulin resistance, leading to an increased risk of type 2 diabetes. In general, there is limited information on the morphological, biochemical, and functional features of skeletal abnormalities in PAE offspring. There is a need to understand how PAE affects muscle growth and function at the cellular level during early development to improve the immediate and long-term health of offspring suffering from PAE.

  2. Prenatal alcohol exposure modifies glucocorticoid receptor subcellular distribution in the medial prefrontal cortex and impairs frontal cortex-dependent learning.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrea M Allan

    Full Text Available Prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE has been shown to impair learning, memory and executive functioning in children. Perseveration, or the failure to respond adaptively to changing contingencies, is a hallmark on neurobehavioral assessment tasks for human fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD. Adaptive responding is predominantly a product of the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC and is regulated by corticosteroids. In our mouse model of PAE we recently reported deficits in hippocampal formation-dependent learning and memory and a dysregulation of hippocampal formation glucocorticoid receptor (GR subcellular distribution. Here, we examined the effect of PAE on frontal cortical-dependent behavior, as well as mPFC GR subcellular distribution and the levels of regulators of intracellular GR transport. PAE mice displayed significantly reduced response flexibility in a Y-maze reversal learning task. While the levels of total nuclear GR were reduced in PAE mPFC, levels of GR phosphorylated at serines 203, 211 and 226 were not significantly changed. Cytosolic, but not nuclear, MR levels were elevated in the PAE mPFC. The levels of critical GR trafficking proteins, FKBP51, Hsp90, cyclophilin 40, dynamitin and dynein intermediate chain, were altered in PAE mice, in favor of the exclusion of GR from the nucleus, indicating dysregulation of GR trafficking. Our findings suggest that there may be a link between a deficit in GR nuclear localization and frontal cortical learning deficits in prenatal alcohol-exposed mice.

  3. The economics of particulate pollution abatement technologies for wood-waste-fired combustors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ismail, A.; Stevenson, D.H.

    1991-07-01

    A study was conducted to quantify the impact of new and improved particulate abatement equipment (PAE) on the economics of new and existing wood waste combustion systems. The operating characteristics of current PAE technology are summarized and the basis for cost estimates is established. The technologies include multicyclone collectors, wet scrubbers, fabric filter baghouses, electrostatic precipitators, and new versus retrofit installations. Capital costs were determined for 4 generic types of PAE and 4 cases for each PAE type according to GJ/h in steam enthalpy. Cost information was developed for wood waste energy systems with and without PAE. In the cost analysis, a hypothetical steam selling price is determined which will give a 25% return on pretax cash flow over a 20-year period. Additional costs of the PAE are applied to the energy system cash flows and the impact on average annual return is calculated. Results indicate reductions in internal rate of return of 3-6% for most PAE systems. 54 refs., 2 figs., 12 tabs

  4. VIA MOOCs Pædagogiske, didaktiske og tekniske overvejelser og erfaringer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjærgaard, Hanne Wacher; Egendal, Jeppe Michael; Møller, Eval Rud

    Rapporten beskriver VIAs erfaringer med udvikling og afvikling af 2 internationale MOOCs i 2014-15. I tilknytning hertil gøres der anbefalinger til brug ved fremtidige, lignende projekter.......Rapporten beskriver VIAs erfaringer med udvikling og afvikling af 2 internationale MOOCs i 2014-15. I tilknytning hertil gøres der anbefalinger til brug ved fremtidige, lignende projekter....

  5. Mediation – idrættens nye konfliktløser

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pagh, Lone

    2002-01-01

    Om mediation som konfliktløsningsmetode i dansk og international idræt. Gennemgang af sager ved Danmarks Idræts-Forbunds appeludvalg og Den Internationale Sportsdomstol CAS......Om mediation som konfliktløsningsmetode i dansk og international idræt. Gennemgang af sager ved Danmarks Idræts-Forbunds appeludvalg og Den Internationale Sportsdomstol CAS...

  6. The Game of Peace and Justice in Sudan

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Laugesen, Henrik

    Den internationale strafferetsdomstol udsendte i marts 2009 en arrestordre på Sudans præsident Omar al-Bashir. Det internationale samfund har siden været delt på spørgsmålet om arrestordrens konsekvenser og betydning i forhold til at skabe fred og stabilitet i Sudan. I dette brief analyserer majo...

  7. Constructing corporate identities on websites

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bøilerehauge, Dorrit

    2007-01-01

    En analyse og diskussion af hvorledes internationale virksomheder konstruerer deres identitet på deres corporate websites.......En analyse og diskussion af hvorledes internationale virksomheder konstruerer deres identitet på deres corporate websites....

  8. En vakker vase af jern og stål: Michelle Yeoh

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schubart, Rikke

    2006-01-01

    Artikel om den malaysiske skuespiller Michelle Yeoh og hendes action persona fra en lang række Hong Kong film og hendes senere internationale film.......Artikel om den malaysiske skuespiller Michelle Yeoh og hendes action persona fra en lang række Hong Kong film og hendes senere internationale film....

  9. International indsats

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sachs, Therese

    En analyse af Beredskabsstyrelsens internationale engagement og muligheder for international indsats fremover. Forslag til struktur logistisk og materielt samt til udvikling af personel-kompetencer......En analyse af Beredskabsstyrelsens internationale engagement og muligheder for international indsats fremover. Forslag til struktur logistisk og materielt samt til udvikling af personel-kompetencer...

  10. Greening IT

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sobotta, Adrian; Sobotta, Irene; Gøtze, John

    Bogen har forord af Connie Hedegaard, og bidrag fra en række internationale eksperter. Om forskellige perspektiver på Grøn It.......Bogen har forord af Connie Hedegaard, og bidrag fra en række internationale eksperter. Om forskellige perspektiver på Grøn It....

  11. Caféiculture : il faut veiller au grain | CRDI - Centre de recherches ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    31 janv. 2011 ... Selon l'Organisation internationale du café (OIC), l'organisme ... On a proposé, notamment, une définition claire et reconnue à l'échelle internationale de la pérennité, un dispositif de ... Caféiculteurs : le droit à un revenu juste.

  12. Rahvusvaheline erialabibliograafia sündis Eestis / Piret Voolaid

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Voolaid, Piret, 1971-

    2005-01-01

    Rets. rmt.: Internationale volkskundliche Bibliographie = International Folklore Bibliographie = Bibliographie internationale d'Ethnologie: Für das Jahr 1993 : mit Nachträgen für die vorausgehenden / herausgegeben von Karin Maria Rooleid. Bonn : Dr. Rudolf Habelt GMBH, 2004

  13. Water Balances in the Eastern Mediterranean | CRDI - Centre de ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Ozay Mehmet est professeur d'affaires internationales à l'École Norman Patterson d'affaires internationales, à l'Université Carleton d'Ottawa, au Canada. Il a publié notamment Towards a Fair Global Labour Market (Routledge 1999, avec E. Mendes et R. Sinding) et Modern and traditional irrigation technologies in the ...

  14. Modern and Traditional Irrigation Technologies in the Eastern ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Özay Mehmet est professeur d'affaires internationales à l'École Norman Patterson d'affaires internationales de l'Université Carleton, à Ottawa, Canada. Il a publié notamment Towards a Fair Global Labour Market (Routledge 1999, avec E. Mendes et R. Sinding) et Water Balances in the Eastern Mediterranean (CRDI 2000, ...

  15. Between international and local:

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skyggebjerg, Anna Karlskov

    2008-01-01

    Artiklen beskriver Lene Kaaberbøls fantasy-bøger i skæringsfeltet mellem det internationale og det lokale......Artiklen beskriver Lene Kaaberbøls fantasy-bøger i skæringsfeltet mellem det internationale og det lokale...

  16. Résultats de recherche | Page 409 | CRDI - Centre de recherches ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    La fin de la guerre froide devait inaugurer une nouvelle ère de paix et de sécurité internationale. Au lieu de cela, des conflits d'un nouveau type se sont déclarés et la communauté internationale a dû réagir rapidement. Publication Date. 1 janvier 1998. Livres.

  17. Dygtige lærere er en forudsætning for folkeskolens resultater

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Frans Ørsted; Egelund, Niels

    2014-01-01

    Artiklen refererer til en række internationale undersøgelser af lærere og elevers kompetencer, bl.a. PIACC, TEDS-M og TIMSS......Artiklen refererer til en række internationale undersøgelser af lærere og elevers kompetencer, bl.a. PIACC, TEDS-M og TIMSS...

  18. Diplomatic negotiation : essence and evolution

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Meerts, Paul Willem

    2014-01-01

    Diplomatiek onderhandelen is een moeilijk te begrijpen en te beheersen proces. Toch is het onderhandelen tussen staten en in internationale organisaties van levensbelang voor het functioneren van het internationale bestel. Het Handvest van de Verenigde Naties noemt onderhandelen dan ook als het

  19. Alcohol expectancies, perceived norms, and drinking behavior among college students: examining the reciprocal determinism hypothesis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wardell, Jeffrey D; Read, Jennifer P

    2013-03-01

    Social learning mechanisms, such as descriptive norms for drinking behavior (norms) and positive alcohol expectancies (PAEs), play a major role in college student alcohol use. According to the principle of reciprocal determinism (Bandura, 1977), norms and PAEs should be reciprocally associated with alcohol use, each influencing one another over time. However, the nature of these prospective relationships for college students is in need of further investigation. This study provided the first examination of the unique reciprocal associations among norms, PAEs, and drinking together in a single model. PAEs become more stable with age, whereas norms are likely to be more dynamic upon college entry. Thus, we hypothesized that alcohol use would show stronger reciprocal associations with norms than with PAEs for college students. Students (N = 557; 67% women) completed online measures of PAEs, norms, and quantity and frequency of alcohol use in September of their first (T1), second (T2), and third (T3) years of college. Reciprocal associations were analyzed using a cross-lagged panel design. PAEs had unidirectional influences on frequency and quantity of alcohol use, with no prospective effects from alcohol use to PAEs. Reciprocal associations were observed between norms and alcohol use, but only for quantity and not for frequency. Specifically, drinking quantity prospectively predicted quantity norms and quantity norms prospectively predicted drinking quantity. This effect was observed across both years in the model. These findings support the reciprocal determinism hypothesis for norms but not for PAEs in college students and may help to inform norm-based interventions. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2013 APA, all rights reserved).

  20. Antioxidation, anti-inflammation and anti-apoptosis by paeonol in LPS/d-GalN-induced acute liver failure in mice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gong, Xiaobao; Yang, You; Huang, Ligua; Zhang, Qingyan; Wan, Rong-Zhen; Zhang, Peng; Zhang, Baoshun

    2017-05-01

    To evaluate the hepatoprotective effects and potential mechanisms of paeonol (Pae) against acute liver failure (ALF) induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS)/d-galactosamine (d-GalN) in mice, we examined anti-oxidative, anti-inflammatory and anti-apoptotic activities of Pae. We found that Pae pretreatment markedly reduced the activities of alanine transaminase and aspartate transaminase as well as the histopathological changes induced by LPS/d-GalN. Catalase, glutathione and superoxide dismutase activities increased and reactive oxygen species activity decreased after Pae treatment compared with LPS/d-GalN treatment. Pretreatment with Pae also significantly inhibited the expression levels of iNOS, nitric oxide (NO), COX-2 and prostaglandin E 2 (PGE 2 ). In addition, Pae administration prevented the phosphorylated expression of IκB kinase, inhibitor kappa B in the nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) signaling pathway, and suppressed the phosphorylated expression of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK), c-jun-N-terminal kinase and p38 in the MAPK signaling pathway. Pretreatment with Pae also inhibited hepatocyte apoptosis by reducing the expression of caspases 3, 8, 9, and Bax, and increasing Bcl-2. In total, protective effects of Pae against LPS/d-GalN-induced ALF in mice are attributed to its antioxidative effect, inflammatory suppression in NF-κB and MARK signaling pathways, and inhibition of hepatocyte apoptosis inhibition. Therefore, Pae can be a potential therapeutic agent in attenuating LPS/d-GalN-induced ALF in the future. Copyright © 2017. Published by Elsevier B.V.