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Sample records for rief markus ludwig

  1. Wittgenstein, Ludwig

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Presskorn-Thygesen, Thomas; Basbøll, Thomas

    2017-01-01

    Ludwig Josef Johann Wittgenstein was a British-Austrian philosopher, widely considered one of most influential philosophers of the twentieth century. His early work played a significant role in twentieth-century logical positivism while his later work has been a main methodological influence...... in the works of key social theorists such as Pierre Bourdieu, Jürgen Habermas, and Anthony Giddens. The entry briefly describes Wittgenstein's philosophy and summarizes his overall influence within social theory....

  2. Ludwig: My Pedagogical Part

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beckett, David

    2009-01-01

    Ludwig Wittgenstein taught only a couple of Australian philosophers, at Cambridge in the late 1940s, and one of them, Frank "Camo" Jackson (Chair, Philosophy, Monash University) taught the author epistemology and philosophical psychology in the 1970s. In this article, the author describes how this teaching was central to his subsequent…

  3. Ludwig Boltzmann: Atomic genius

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cercignani, C. [Department of Mathematics, Politecnico di Milano (Italy)]. E-mail: carcer@mate.polimi.it

    2006-09-15

    On the centenary of the death of Ludwig Boltzmann, Carlo Cercignani examines the immense contributions of the man who pioneered our understanding of the atomic nature of matter. The man who first gave a convincing explanation of the irreversibility of the macroscopic world and the symmetry of the laws of physics was the Austrian physicist Ludwig Boltzmann, who tragically committed suicide 100 years ago this month. One of the key figures in the development of the atomic theory of matter, Boltzmann's fame will be forever linked to two fundamental contributions to science. The first was his interpretation of 'entropy' as a mathematically well-defined measure of the disorder of atoms. The second was his derivation of what is now known as the Boltzmann equation, which describes the statistical properties of a gas as made up of molecules. The equation, which described for the first time how a probability can evolve with time, allowed Boltzmann to explain why macroscopic phenomena are irreversible. The key point is that while microscopic objects like atoms can behave reversibly, we never see broken coffee cups reforming because it would involve a long series of highly improbable interactions - and not because it is forbidden by the laws of physics. (U.K.)

  4. Ludwig Tauscher (1939-2008)

    CERN Multimedia

    2008-01-01

    Dear Colleagues, It is with deep sorrow and regret that we inform you that our colleague and friend Ludwig Tauscher passed away on Sunday 23 November after a heart attack. Ludwig studied physics at the University of Heidelberg, where he obtained his PhD in 1966. After several postdoctoral appointments at the MPI Heidelberg, and the Universities of Konstanz and Karlsruhe, he joined the University of Basel, where he became Professor of Physics in 1985. Ludwig devoted his entire professional life to teaching and experimental physics. He arrived at CERN in the early seventies, where he performed several experiments at the SC and at the PS, studying exotic atoms with various probes such as μ-, π-, K-, and Σ-. In the early eighties he searched for the production of nucleon-antinucleon bound states at the PS, a subject that was the main motivation for the construction of the LEAR storage ring. At LEAR he studied neutral meson productio...

  5. [Friedrich Ludwig von Maydelli pildid Baltimaade ajaloost = Friedrich Ludwig von Maydells Baltische Geschichte in Bildern = Friedrich Ludwig von Maydell ́s Baltic history in images] / Ulrike Plath

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Plath, Ulrike, 1972-

    2014-01-01

    Arvustus: Friedrich Ludwig von Maydelli pildid Baltimaade ajaloost = Friedrich Ludwig von Maydells Baltische Geschichte in Bildern = Friedrich Ludwig von Maydell ́s Baltic history in images. Eesti kunstimuuseum, Kadrioru kunstimuuseum. Tallinn 2013

  6. Contributions to mechanics Markus Reiner eightieth anniversary volume

    CERN Document Server

    Abir, David

    1969-01-01

    Contributions to Mechanics presents a biographical survey of Professor Markus Reiner's life. This book is a manifestation of affection and esteem to Professor Reiner, expressed by various authors who eagerly contributed original works in the field of mechanics. Organized into five parts encompassing 26 chapters, this book begins with a biographical article of Professor Markus Reiner that includes a detailed account of his works. This text then explores the approach for the interpretation of certain features commonly accepted in quantum theory on the basis of its mathematical formalism. Other c

  7. Ludwig Boltzmann - pioneer of atomistics and evolution

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Stiller, W.

    1986-01-01

    At first a short introduction to Ludwig Boltzmann's life (1844 - 1906) and work is given. Some theoretical results of his work (H-theorem, classical Boltzmann statistics, Boltzmann's kinetic equation) are treated in detail. His experimental work is briefly discussed. In addition Boltzmann's philosophical work is characterized. Finally, the influence of Boltzmann's ideas on our time is investigated. (author)

  8. ANTONÍN MARKUS - ŽIVOTOPISNÁ STUDIE

    OpenAIRE

    HOMEROVÁ, Libuše

    2010-01-01

    Antonín Markus (1886 - 1968) is a very important historian and archivist in history of the State regional archive in Třeboň as well as in the history of the Czech archival science in general. Native of Wien, who spent most of his life in south Bohemian Třeboň, was graduated from studies of history and auxiliary historical sciences at the Philosophical faculty of the Charles - Ferdinands University in Prague in 1910. He was a student of important Czech historians Jaroslav Goll, Josef Pekař and...

  9. Ludwig Leichhardt und Alexander von Humboldt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aliya-Katarina Südfels

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Zusammenfassung Im Juli des Jahres 1841 kommt es zu einem Treffen zwischen zwei Männern, das zunächst belanglos erscheint, sich aber Jahre später als wichtige historische Begebenheit herausstellen wird. In seinem Pariser Büro empfängt der 71jährige Naturforscher Alexander von Humboldt den jungen Preußen Ludwig Leichhardt. Der angehende Naturwissenschaftler erhofft sich Zuspruch und Empfehlung des berühmten Alexander von Humboldts. Die Unterredung ist kurz und verläuft für Leichhardt ergebnislos. Es wird das einzige Treffen der beiden Naturwissenschaftler bleiben. Aus heutiger Sicht unverständlich, da Ludwig Leichhardt und Alexander von Humboldt mehr verband, als ihre Leidenschaft für die Naturwissenschaften. Viel zu wenig ist sich bis jetzt den biographischen Analogien und den vergleichbaren geographischen Leistungen der beiden Preußen gewidmet worden. Abstract During July 1841 a meeting between two men takes place, which seems to have been extraneous, but turns out to be a significant historical incident. 71 year old natural scientist Alexander von Humboldt welcomes young Ludwig Leichhardt from Prussia in his office in Paris. The prospective young scientist expects help and references from famous Alexander von Humboldt. The conversation is short and ends from Leichhardt’s point of view without results. Unfortunately this is going to be the only meeting between the two scientists even though the two Prussians have more in common than their passion for the natural sciences. Way too seldomly have biographical analogy and geographical productivity of the two men been compared. Résumé En juillet 1841 une rencontre entre deux hommes a lieu, qui au premier abord semble sans importance, mais qui des années plus tard est considéré comme un événement historique majeur. Dans son bureau parisien, le naturaliste Alexandre de Humboldt, alors âgé de 71 ans, reçoit le jeune Prussien Ludwig Leichhardt. Le jeune scientifique en devenir

  10. Ludwig Boltzmann - The Man and His Work

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Broda, E.

    1982-01-01

    It is argued that Ludwig Boltzmann was, along with Newton and Maxwell, one of the three greatest theoretical physicists of classical times. It is less generally known that he was also a powerful realist-materialist philosopher and a keen opponent of Ernst Mach's positivism and of the philosophical idealism of Berkeley, Hegel and Schopenhauer. Boltzmann was also opposed to Kant. Moreover, he had a lively interest in biology and especially in Darwinian evolution, and he should be taken as one of the founders of biophysics. Boltzmann discussed the origin of life and of the mind. Finally, he also was a most vigorous, colourful and attractive person. (author)

  11. Ludwig's angina after severe thrombocytopenic purpura associated with dengue fever

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Antonia Campos

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Here, we report a case of Ludwig's angina, which required surgery because of toothache. The patient had dengue and severe thrombocytopenia as confirmed by clinical and laboratory diagnoses. However, dengue is not included among the predisposing factors for Ludwig's angina.

  12. Stanislav Markus. Property, Predation, and Protection: Piranha Capitalism in Russia and Ukraine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul Babie

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Stanislav Markus. Property, Predation, and Protection: Piranha Capitalism in Russia and Ukraine. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2015. xii, 244 pp. Illustrations. Tables. Bibliography. Index. $95.00, cloth.

  13. Obituary: Ludwig Friedrich Oster, 1931-2003

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sofia, Sabatino; Altschuler, Martin D.

    2003-12-01

    Ludwig Friedrich Oster died at the Anchorage Nursing and Rehabilitation Center in Salisbury, MD on 28 February 2003, of complications from advanced Alzheimer's disease. He is survived by his wife Cheryl M. (Oroian) and his two children by a previous marriage, Ulrika and Mattias Oster. He had a distinguished career both as a researcher in solar physics and as a science administrator in the National Science Foundation. Ludwig was born on 8 March 1931 in Konstanz, Germany and emigrated to the U.S. in 1958, acquiring American citizenship in 1963. His mother and father were Emma Josefine (Schwarz) and Ludwig Friedrich Oster. He got a BS degree in physics at the University of Freiburg under the guidance of Prof. K. O. Kiepenheuer in 1951, and a MS (1954) and PhD from the University of Kiel in 1956 under the guidance of Prof. A. Unsold. From 1956 to 1958 he was a Fellow of the German Science Council at Kiel and, upon his arrival to the US in 1958, he became a Postdoctoral Research Associate in the Physics Department of Yale University. He became an Assistant Professor of Physics and Astrophysics at Yale in 1960 and five years later he was promoted to Associate Professor. In 1967 he became an Associate Professor of Physics and Astrophysics at the University of Colorado and a Fellow of the Joint Institute for Laboratory Astrophysics; he was promoted to Full Professor in 1970. In 1981 he was a Visiting Professor at Johns Hopkins University, and shortly thereafter became a National Research Council Senior Associate at NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, MD, where he worked on solar variability. He joined the National Science Foundation in 1983, where he became the Program Manager for the National Radio Astronomy Observatory in the Division of Astronomical Sciences of the Foundation; he remained there until his retirement in 1996. His early work, started in Germany and continued at Yale, concerned radiation mechanisms related to solar phenomena. His works on

  14. Isoelectric point-based fractionation by HiRIEF coupled to LC-MS allows for in-depth quantitative analysis of the phosphoproteome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Panizza, Elena; Branca, Rui M M; Oliviusson, Peter; Orre, Lukas M; Lehtiö, Janne

    2017-07-03

    Protein phosphorylation is involved in the regulation of most eukaryotic cells functions and mass spectrometry-based analysis has made major contributions to our understanding of this regulation. However, low abundance of phosphorylated species presents a major challenge in achieving comprehensive phosphoproteome coverage and robust quantification. In this study, we developed a workflow employing titanium dioxide phospho-enrichment coupled with isobaric labeling by Tandem Mass Tags (TMT) and high-resolution isoelectric focusing (HiRIEF) fractionation to perform in-depth quantitative phosphoproteomics starting with a low sample quantity. To benchmark the workflow, we analyzed HeLa cells upon pervanadate treatment or cell cycle arrest in mitosis. Analyzing 300 µg of peptides per sample, we identified 22,712 phosphorylation sites, of which 19,075 were localized with high confidence and 1,203 are phosphorylated tyrosine residues, representing 6.3% of all detected phospho-sites. HiRIEF fractions with the most acidic isoelectric points are enriched in multiply phosphorylated peptides, which represent 18% of all the phospho-peptides detected in the pH range 2.5-3.7. Cross-referencing with the PhosphoSitePlus database reveals 1,264 phosphorylation sites that have not been previously reported and kinase association analysis suggests that a subset of these may be functional during the mitotic phase.

  15. Ludwig Tieck: meandros góticos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karin Volobuef

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/2175-8026.2012n62p153   Ludwig Tieck (1773-1853 foi um dos pioneiros do Romantismo alemão ao lado de figuras como Novalis, Wackenroder, os irmãos August e Friedrich Schlegel, Schleiermacher, Schelling. Grande admirador de Shakespeare e Calderón de la Barca, Tieck concebia a literatura como terreno supranacional e como área de convergência de diferentes tradições e perspectivas. Com isso, absorveu inúmeros elementos da cultura popular (contos de fadas, lendas, superstições e os fundiu a vertentes de sua época, entre as quais a da narrativa gótica e de horror, em voga desde a segunda metade do século XVIII. Em Tieck, o macabro tornase expressão de questionamentos sobre a relação entre sujeito e mundo e sobre a própria noção (inspirada no senso comum de que existiria uma realidade única e independente do ponto de vista daquele que a observa ou descreve. Tieck formulou esteticamente indagações que ecoaram pelo Romantismo alemão, expressando anseios e inquietações indissociáveis de sua produção poético-literária.   Ludwig Tieck (1773-1853 was a pioneer of German Romanticism alongside figures such as Novalis, Wackenroder, brothers August and Friedrich Schlegel, Schleiermacher, Schelling. A great admirer of Shakespeare and Calderón de la Barca, Tieck envisioned literature as a supranational terrain and an area of convergence of different traditions and perspectives. Thus he absorbed numerous elements from popular culture (fairy tales, legends, superstitions and merged with the trends of his time, among which the mid eighteenth-century gothic and horror narrative. In Tieck the macabre becomes an expression of questions about the relationship between the subject and on the very notion (based on common sense that there would be a single reality and independent from the point of view of who observes or describes. Tieck aesthetically formulated questions that echoed throughout German romanticism

  16. Fragile peace: Northern balance outlasts the celebrated Ludwig case

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jaremko, G.

    2000-01-01

    Conflicts between communities and the environment on the one hand, and industry on the other are discussed against the background of the charges against Wiebo Ludwig, chief of a religious commune at Hythe, Alberta, who stands accused of terrorist attacks against oil and gas installations. The community is divided in its opinion about Mr. Ludwig; some line up on his side saying that by doing what he did, he focused attention on flaring, and although the government will never admit it, Ludwig's actions may have been the most important factor in the government's decision to place restrictions on the practice. Others, many among them critics of the industry, bristle at the mention of Ludwig, pointing to the many benefits that the industry brought to Alberta and accusing Ludwig of upsetting a delicate balance between the farmers and the industry, which existed in a symbiotic relationship ever since oil was first discovered in the province. The fact remains that the oil industry made many farmers wealthy, and by providing employment, it saved many of the smaller and marginal farms from going under. Despite the Ludwig affair, the pace of industrial expansion has not changed in Peace country. Some 1,300 new wells, double the 1999 total, are being forecast for the area in 2000, and steady employment by oilfield service companies is being reported throughout the region

  17. Markus 16:1-8 in die konteks van 'n konstniksie van die Markaanse ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Aangesien ons in die geval van Markus nie oor 'n voorhande bron ter ... geringgeskat word wanneer ons ons die Markaanse gemeentekonteks probeer voorstel nie. Linnemann suggests ... that there must be some control exercised over ..... ëaxai náuxa)v ëaxaxoq Kai návxioi' 8i0kovo(; (Mark 9: 35), dit wil sê as mens.

  18. "Into Eternity"s Certain Breadth": Ambivalent Escapes in Markus Zusak's "The Book Thief"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adams, Jenni

    2010-01-01

    This article examines the consolatory possibilities presented by Markus Zusak's recent crossover novel "The Book Thief," investigating the degree to which the novel delivers the simultaneous consolation and confrontation identified with children's and young adults' Holocaust texts by such critics as Adrienne Kertzer and Lawrence Baron. Contending…

  19. University Observatory, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murdin, P.

    2000-11-01

    The University Observatory of Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität was founded in 1816. Astronomers who worked or graduated at the Munich Observatory include: Fraunhofer, Soldner, Lamont, Seeliger and Karl Schwarzschild. At present four professors and ten staff astronomers work here. Funding comes from the Bavarian Government, the German Science Foundation, and other German and European research progra...

  20. Teaching with Purpose: An Interview with Thomas E. Ludwig

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ludwig, Timothy D.; Ludwig, David J.

    2010-01-01

    Thomas E. Ludwig is the John Dirk Werkman Professor of Psychology at Hope College, where he joined the faculty in 1977 after receiving his PhD in development and aging from Washington University in St. Louis. His research focuses on developmental issues in cognitive neuropsychology. He is also the author or coauthor of more than a dozen sets of…

  1. Beethoven, Ludwig van: Violinkonzert D-Dur op. 61

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1997-01-01

    Uuest heliplaadist "Beethoven, Ludwig van: Violinkonzert D-Dur op. 61 (Kadenz: Alfred Schnittke). Romanzen für Violine und Orchester op. 40 und 50. Estonian National Symphony Orchestra, Arvo Volmer". Globe GLO 5155, distribution Talis (CD:153F). 1996. TT:1h 01'56"

  2. PIV Analysis of Ludwig Prandtl's Historic Flow Visualization Films

    OpenAIRE

    Willert, Christian; Kompenhans, Jürgen

    2010-01-01

    Around 1930 Ludwig Prandtl and his colleagues O. Tietjens and W. M\\"uller published two films with visualizations of flows around surface piercing obstacles to illustrate the unsteady process of flow separation. These visualizations were achieved by recording the motion of fine particles sprinkled onto the water surface in water channels. The resulting images meet the relevant criteria of properly seeded recordings for particle image velocimetry (PIV). Processing these image sequences with mo...

  3. Methodological solipsism and kaleidoscopic worlds of Ludwig Mauritz Lachmann

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bazhenov Grigory, A.

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Among the Austrians fifth generation occupies a special place disciple of Friedrich A. von Hayek, economist, distracting from the overall flow of the Austrians, Ludwig M. Lachmann. Using the framework of his theory of the fundamental assumptions of the Austrian School (individualism, subjectivism, Lachmann did not try to pull them under the base of normative conclusions about the structure of the economic system of society, but rather, an attempt to build a more rigorous theory of the social world order. German economist, recognizing the importance of the concept of subjective value, pay attention to its insufficiency and stressed the need to incorporate to construct a theory of subjectivity expectations that brings his views with the views of John Maynard Keynes. Following George Shackle Ludwig Lachmann believes that the economy is similar to a kaleidoscope: the elements of economic reality are in constant rearrangement, creating continuously changing each other short-lived and unstable patterns. The author of the paper analyzes the concepts and ideas of Ludwig M. Lachmann, noting both the strengths and weaknesses of his theory. The author shows the importance of the theoretical development of the German economist for modern economics.

  4. Sordera, tragedia y muerte de Ludwig van Beethoven

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Darío Morón Díaz

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available

    La sordera de Ludwig van Beethoven fue atribuida a distintas enfermedades: a una neuritis
    acústica debido a la fiebre tifoidea, a la sífilis, a la hepatitis, a una colitis, al reumatismo, a abscesos,
    a una criopatia debida al frío y a la osificación del tejido cartilaginoso que conduce al oído ínterno,
    también mencionaron la sarcoidosis.
    Dos hechos fueron fundamentales para desechar tales especulaciones: el primero, la decisión del
    joven Ferdinand Hiller, que el 27 de marzo de 1827 cortó un mechón de cabello del cadáver de Ludwig
    van Beethoven. El segundo, el avance científico de la medicina moderna. Ambos acontecimientos han
    permitido profundizar con certeza en la etiología u origen de la sordera de Beethoven y la variada síntomatología que sufrió el genio musical.

    Esbozo biográfico
    EL 16 de diciembre de 1770, en Bonn, nació Ludwig van Beethoven, hijo de Johann Beethoven y
    Maria Magdalena Keverich; el matrimonio tuvo siete hijos, cuatro fallecieron siendo niños y tres sobrevivieron: Ludwig, Kaspar Antón Karl y Nicolás Johann.
    El padre de Beethoven fue dipsómano, debido a los excesos alcohólicos y en medio de los escándalos el
    padre agredía al niño. Deambulaba entre la Iglesia y la taberna. María Magdalena por el contrario era tierna y afectuosa con su hijo, situación que por contraste servía de refugio a Ludwig.

  5. Management of Ludwig's angina in pregnancy: a review of 10 cases ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background: Ludwig's angina is a rapidly spreading cellulitis that may produce upper airway obstruction often leading to death. Aim: The present paper reviews the management of Ludwig's angina in the third trimester of pregnancy. The inherent dangers to the mother and her unborn child are highlighted. Materials and ...

  6. The deadly perception of the witness: focalization in Markus Zusak’s The Book Thief

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Débora Almeida de Oliveira

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/2175-8026.2017v70n1p135 For a better understanding of a given narrative it is essential to be aware of the one who perceives (the focalizer. His beliefs and comprehension determine which characters and circumstances are to be ignored or closely examined through his use of sight, hearing, feeling, taste or smell. Therefore, the issue concerning focalization is relevant to be taken into consideration when a literary work is analyzed. In the present article the work by the Australian author Markus Zusak, The Book Thief, is discussed under the assumptions from the narratological field, especially guided by Gérard Genette, Mieke Bal and Rimmon-Kenan. It is argued that focalization in The Book Thief is one of the main literary techniques which help creating the atmosphere and meaning of the text.

  7. Fifty years of mathematical physics selected works of Ludwig Faddeev

    CERN Document Server

    Faddeev, Ludwig; Niemi, Antti J

    2016-01-01

    This unique volume summarizes with a historical perspective several of the major scientific achievements of Ludwig Faddeev, with a foreword by Nobel Laureate C N Yang. The volume that spans over fifty years of Faddeev's career begins where he started his own scientific research, in the subject of scattering theory and the three-body problem. It then continues to describe Faddeev's contributions to automorphic functions, followed by an extensive account of his many fundamental contributions to quantum field theory including his original article on ghosts with Popov. Faddeev's contributions to soliton theory and integrable models are then described, followed by a survey of his work on quantum groups. The final scientific section is devoted to Faddeev's contemporary research including articles on his long-term interest in constructing knotted solitons and understanding confinement. The volume concludes with his personal view on science and mathematical physics in particular.

  8. [Ludwig Wittgenstein (1889-1951) and the "wound shock"].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gentili, Marc E

    2015-01-01

    Ludwig Wittgenstein was born in 1889 in Vienna. As a scholar in Cambdrige University, his philosophical achievements are still major regarding the foundations of mathematics and language. In 1939, he took a job as a porter at London Guys' Hospital then under the Blitz. Wittgenstein met Drs. Grant and Reeve who worked in a dedicated "traumatic shock" under the auspices of the Medical Research Council unit, a unit which then moved to the Royal Victoria Infirmary in Newcastle; Wittgenstein followed them as a technician and improved the preparation of fine pieces of histology fixed by paraffin. He also invented a new device to record pulse pressure and paradoxical pulse search in laboratory rats. At the end of the war, he returned to Cambridge until 1949 and died in 1951.

  9. Ludwig von Bertalanffy's organismic view on the theory of evolution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drack, Manfred

    2015-03-01

    Ludwig von Bertalanffy was a key figure in the advancement of theoretical biology. His early considerations already led him to recognize the necessity of considering the organism as a system, as an organization of parts and processes. He termed the resulting research program organismic biology, which he extended to all basic questions of biology and almost all areas of biology, hence also to the theory of evolution. This article begins by outlining the rather unknown (because often written in German) research of Bertalanffy in the field of theoretical biology. The basics of the organismic approach are then described. This is followed by Bertalanffy's considerations on the theory of evolution, in which he used methods from theoretical biology and then introduced his own, organismic, view on evolution, leading to the demand for finding laws of evolution. Finally, his view on the concept of homology is presented. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  10. Ludwig Edinger: the vertebrate series and comparative neuroanatomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patton, Paul

    2015-01-01

    At the end of the nineteenth century, Ludwig Edinger completed the first comparative survey of the microscopic anatomy of vertebrate brains. He is regarded as the founder of the field of comparative neuroanatomy. Modern commentators have misunderstood him to have espoused an anti-Darwinian linear view of brain evolution, harkening to the metaphysics of the scala naturae. This understanding arises, in part, from an increasingly contested view of nineteenth-century morphology in Germany. Edinger did espouse a progressionist, though not strictly linear, view of forebrain evolution, but his work also provided carefully documented evidence that brain stem structures vary in complexity independently from one another and across species in a manner that is not compatible with linear progress. This led Edinger to reject progressionism for all brain structures other than the forebrain roof, based on reasoning not too dissimilar from those his successors used to dismiss it for the forebrain roof.

  11. Franz Kafka, Sigmund Freud and Markus Hajek. A connection in life and death.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diamant, H

    1998-08-21

    When Sigmund Freud was taken ill in 1923 with a malignant tumor of his right upper jaw he was initially treated by the famous Viennese rhino-laryngologist, Professor Markus Hajek. One year later, Franz Kafka, who was suffering from pulmonary tuberculosis which had spread to the larynx, was likewise placed under the care of this distinguished specialist. Neither of the encounters proved beneficial from the professional point of view and both well-known patients received remarkably poor attentions in keeping with the general autocratic attitude by clinical chiefs of the time in Vienna. Franz Kafka was terminally ill when he came to Hajek and no treatment was yet available for the disabling and painful laryngeal complication of his advanced tuberculosis. He died about a month after leaving Hajek's ward in Vienna. Sigmund Freud required repeated subsequent operations on his jaw and the insertion of a prothesis. Hajek had handed Freud over to Hans Pichler for further care and it was entirely due to the skill of this extremely competent and empathetic maxilliary surgeon that Freud lived for another 16 years, working to almost full capacity.

  12. Ludwig Wittgenstein and Language Games (A Literary Application

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mirela Arsith

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The hypothesis which we assume is that a language cannot transform only one way, but more ways of seeing the world. Therefore, the speakers will not be stuck in a rigid framework of a single belief system. As the modes of discourse are changed, the speakers accomplish, constantly, ideological changes. As Ludwig Wittgenstein sustained, the “key” of our language is not in the mind but a way of life that pushes us towards certain ways of using signs, which are the language games. The approach that we started, namely to investigate various language games in the John Fowles’ novel The Magician, we have identified not only various types of language games, but, in the spirit of Austrian origin philosopher, we searched to make our expressions more accurate. We believe that according to the applications on the text The Magician, we were able to illustrate how Wittgenstein theme of “language games” can be exploited explicitly in the literature. What we showed is that between the activities called language games there are more relations of functional analogies or conceptual functionality.

  13. Axiomatic unsharp quantum theory (From Mackey to Ludwig and Piron)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cattaneo, Gianpiero; Laudisa, Federico

    1994-05-01

    On the basis of Mackey's axiomatic approach to quantum physics or, equivalently, of a “state-event-probability” (SEVP) structure, using a quite standard “fuzzification” procedure, a set of unsharp events (or “effects”) is constructed and the corresponding “state-effect-probability” (SEFP) structure is introduced. The introduction of some suitable axioms gives rise to a partially ordered structure of quantum Brouwer-Zadeh (BZ) poset; i.e., a poset endowed with two nonusual orthocomplementation mappings, a fuzzy-like orthocomplementation, and an intuitionistic-like orthocomplementation, whose set of sharp elements is an orthomodular complete lattice. As customary, by these orthocomplementations the two modal-like necessity and possibility operators are introduced, and it is shown that Ludwig's and Jauch-Piron's approaches to quantum physics are “interpreted” in complete SEFP. As a marginal result, a standard procedure to construct a lot of unsharp realizations starting from any sharp realization of a fixed observable is given, and the relationship among sharp and corresponding unsharp realizations is studied.

  14. Tracing Spasmodic Dysphonia: The Source of Ludwig Traube's Priority.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lorch, Marjorie Perlman; Whurr, Renata

    2016-08-01

    Since the mid-20th century, one citation is given historical priority as the first description of spasmodic dysphonia (SD): Ludwig Traube's 1871 case of the "spastic form of nervous hoarseness." Our objective is to understand how this case serves as the foundation of understanding laryngeal movement disorders. The original German paper was located and translated. Bibliographical and bibliometric methods are used to determine the citation history of this original source over the past 140 years. Although secondary citations in contemporary publications typically credit Traube for establishing the clinical entity SD, his case does not conform to currently accepted diagnostic features. Citation patterns indicate the source of Traube's priority is publications by Arnold and Luchsinger, mid-20th-century ENT clinicians, particularly their influential 1965 textbook used to train US and UK clinicians on voice disorders for several generations. Sometimes secondary citations in medical literature lead to the inadvertent perpetuation of factual misrepresentation. The clinical picture of Traube's original case does not represent what clinicians would recognize as SD today. The rich 19th-century literature on voice disorders is a valuable resource for present day clinicians. © The Author(s) 2016.

  15. Ludwig Edinger (1855-1918): founder of modern neuroanatomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prithishkumar, Ivan James

    2012-03-01

    Ludwig Edinger, a German neurologist is considered as one of the founders of modern neuroanatomy. He was conferred the degree of Doctor of Medicine at the University of Strassburg. His observation of small living organisms under a microscope at an early age led him to study medicine. Edinger had many discoveries to his credit. He was the first to describe the ventral and dorsal spinocerebellar tracts, to distinguish between paleo-encephalon and neo-encephalon, and between paleo-cerebellum and neo-cerebellum. He coined the terms "gnosis" and "praxis," which were later adopted in psychological descriptions of agnosia and apraxia. He identified the Edinger-Westphal nucleus in 1885 and was the first to describe the syndrome of thalamic pain. Edinger worked with renowned clinicians and published a large number of papers. He founded the Neurological Institute at the Goethe University in Frankfurt, which is the oldest neurological Institute in Germany. Edinger was a rare combination of a profound scientist, a brilliant teacher, a fine artist, and a noted hypnotist. While at the height of his career, he underwent a surgery and died a few hours later. It was his last will that his brain should be dissected in his own institute. It showed extraordinarily well-developed occipital lobes as well as other unusual features. Copyright © 2011 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

  16. A CASE OF LUDWiG ANGiNA ENDING WITH MORTALITY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdullah Onur Goksel

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Ludwig angina is a serious infection which is defines as edema, quickly progressing gangrenous sellulitis of soft tissues in neck and flor of the mouth. Airway obstruction is the most common cause of death. We present a case who applied to our outpatient clinic with a swelling under jaw and neck and was dignosed a a Ludwig Anjina. Broad spectrum antibiotherapy was given and followed without tracheotomy. He died because of cardiac arrest. [J Contemp Med 2013; 3(2.000: 112-115

  17. The Influence of Ernst Mach and Ludwig Boltzmann on Albert Einstein

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Broda, E.

    1979-01-01

    This document, written by Engelbert Broda in 1979, analyses the influence of Ernst Mach and Ludwig Boltzmann on Albert Einstein. Broda describes how Einstein and his scientific thinking benefited from Mach’s criticism on classical mechanics and its basic concepts like absolute time and absolute space. This criticism encouraged Einstein in the time he worked on his special relativity. On the other side Broda writes about the influence of Ludwig Boltzman, an atomist, whose scientific work and research prepared the ground for Einsteins work on the quantum-structure of electromagnetic radiation or the discovery of the photoelectric effect. (nowak)

  18. Beethoven, Ludwig van: Concerto pour violon op. 61 / Jean-Michel Molkhou

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Molkhou, Jean-Michel

    1997-01-01

    Uuest heliplaadist "Beethoven, Ludwig van: Concerto pour violon op. 61 (cadence Schnittke). Les 2 Romances op. 40 et 50. Orchestre Symphonique National d'Estonie, Arvo Volmer" Globe GLO 5155, distribution Talis (CD:153F). 1996. TT:1h 01'56"

  19. [Carl Ludwig and his place in the history of kidney physiology].

    Science.gov (United States)

    From, Jesper

    2015-01-01

    Only very little was known about the physiology of the kidneys until the middle of the 19th century. The turning point came in 1842 when the famous German physiologist and physician Carl Ludwig (1816-1895) presented a theory about a two-step process (filtration and reabsorption) leading to the excretion of urine. This paper turns the highlights on Ludwig and the period in which he lived. It also tells the story about the anatomical studies in the 17th century and the chemical approaches to urine and kidney physiology in the 18th century preceding the research of Carl Ludwig. The theory of filtration and reabsorption was opposed by another theory (the secretion theory) regarding the kidney as a gland, like for instance the salivary glands. The origin of this theory can be dated back to Marcello Malpighi (1628-1694) in the Renaissance, but it was carried further on by William Bowman (1816-1892) and especially Rudolph Heidenhain (1834-1897) in the 19th century. The research in the 1920's and 1930's marked the end of the fight between the two theories. It proofed that Ludwig was right and it gave him posthumously the recognition that he all the time had deserved.

  20. Von den Liven von Oesel / August Ludwig Schlözer

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Schlözer, August Ludwig

    2008-01-01

    Avaldatud Eberhard Winkleri initsiatiivil A. L. Schlözeri teose põhjal: Gesammelte Nachrichten von den Ueberresten der Liven, in Livland und Kurland. (1770), mis moodustab osa teosest: Schlözer, August Ludwig. M. Johann Joseph Haigold's Beylagen zum Neuveränderten Russland. Zweiter Theil. Riga und Leipzig, 1770

  1. Rudolf Ludwig Mössbauer - jeho život, efekt a spektroskopie

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Závěta, Karel; Kohout, J.; Lančok, Adriana

    2012-01-01

    Roč. 62, č. 1 (2012), s. 51-61 ISSN 0009-0700 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10100520; CEZ:AV0Z40320502 Keywords : Rudolf Ludwig Mössbauer * resonance absorption * Mössbauer spectroscopy * Mars mission Subject RIV: BM - Solid Matter Physics ; Magnetism

  2. Models, Their Application, and Scientific Anticipation: Ludwig Boltzmann's Work as Tacit Knowing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmitt, Richard Henry

    2011-01-01

    Ludwig Boltzmann's work in theoretical physics exhibits an approach to the construction of theory that he transmitted to the succeeding generation by example. It involved the construction of clear models, allowed more than one, and was not based solely on the existing facts, with the intent of examining and criticizing the assumptions that made…

  3. A Challenge to Ludwig von Mises’s Theory of Probability

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mark R. Crovelli

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available The most interesting and completely overlooked aspect of Ludwig von Mises’s theory of probability is the total absence of any explicit definition for probability in his theory. This paper examines Mises’s theory of probability in light of the fact that his theory possesses no definition for probability. It is argued, first, that Mises’s theory differs in important respects from his brother’s famous theory of probability. A defense of the subjective definition for probability is then provided, which is subsequently used to critique Ludwig von Mises’s theory. It is argued that only the subjective definition for probability comports with Mises’s other philosophical positions. Since Mises did not provide an explicit definition for probability, it is suggested that he ought to have adopted a subjective definition.

  4. Os fundamentos transcendentais da daseinsanalyse psiquiátrica de Ludwig Binswanger

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo Alvarenga

    Full Text Available Ludwig Binswanger compreendeu que era necessário reestruturar o método de investigação e abordagem dos fenômenos psicóticos, pelo afastamento da ontologia cartesiana do sujeito e do objeto, o qual pressupunha o dualismo e o solipsismo da consciência, para fundar uma abordagem intersubjetiva da psiquiatria. O objetivo desta pesquisa é justamente examinar esse percurso fenomenológico da Daseinsanalyse psiquiátrica de Ludwig Binswanger, no que se refere ao cumprimento daquilo para o qual ela própria se propôs, por meio da assimilação da investigação transcendental no campo das psicoses.

  5. Ludwig August krahv Mellin kui talurahva sõber ja estofiil / Indrek Jürjo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jürjo, Indrek, 1956-2009

    2003-01-01

    Ludwig August Mellini (1754-1835) suhtumisest eesti ja läti talurahvasse, pärisorjusesse ja tema huvist eestlaste rahvuskarakteri ning rahvuskultuuri vastu. Krahv Mellin oli aastatel 1783-1786 Riia kreisi kreisipeamees ja -kohtunik, 1797-1818 osales aktiivselt 19. sajandi esimeste kümnendite agraarreformides, tema isa Carl Johann von Mellin oli esimene mõisnik Läänemere provintsides, kes umbes 18. sajandi keskpaiku andis oma Tuhala mõisa talupoegadele välja eraõiguse. Lisad: Ludwig August v. Mellini kiri Kuramaa Kirjanduse ja Kunsti Seltsile. BÎriņi, 25. juuni 1822 ; Mellini "Rigaische Stadtblätter'is" avaldamata jäänud artikkel

  6. A model of Piron's preparation-question structures in Ludwig's selection structures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cattaneo, Gianpiero; Nisticò, Giuseppe

    1993-03-01

    We give a model of the basic Jauch-Piron (JP) approach to quantum physics, i.e., of “preparation-question structure” (with four basic axioms and without axioms C, P, A), in terms of Ludwig's “selection structure”; in the latter structure the primitive notion of “individual sample” of a physical entity is formally described (without making reference to any probability concept). Once we interpret Piron's concept of “question” in Ludwig's context of a selection structure, we find that there is no difficulty in formalizing notions such as “performable together questions”; moreover, results such as “ α ˜˜= α” or “( αδ Β)˜= α ˜▽ Β˜” can be formally proved. We develop the theory along the lines of the JP approach; the set of JP propositions is derived and it turns out to be a complete lattice, as happens in Piron's theory, but with a different physical interpretation of the lattice operations. Finally, we study some connections between the standard Ludwig foundation and our approach.

  7. DESEJO DE LUZ: O CRISTIANISMO E O SURGIMENTO DA FILOSOFIA MODERNA EM LUDWIG FEUERBACH / A DESIRE FOR LIGHT: CHRISTIANITY AND THE EMERGENCE OF MODERN PHILOSOPHY IN LUDWIG FEUERBACH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chrysantho Figueiredo

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available This is a review of Ludwig Feuerbach’s book introduction Geshichte der Neuern Philosophie von Bacon bis Spinoza. The original text is in German, the review is in Portuguese. However, we present here, attached, the translated text, also unpublished and original. In 1841's The Essence of Christianity, Feuerbach presents in a most complete way his own version of the radical humanism which excited the young hegelians of his generation. However, it is between 1833 and 1838 that Feuerbach formulates his own philosophical point of view from the critique of the major philosophical systems of modernity. The History of Philosophy from Bacon to Spinoza, published in 1833, is the first of his historicalphilosophical works which, apart from the critique of the philosophers indicated by the title, presents also a singular feuerbachian vision of history as a whole, showing how modern philosophy emerges from the inherent contradictions of the Christian religious spirit.

  8. Talv venib edasi ; Aspasia ; "Kohtumine..." ; Dora Markus ; "Hakkad rääkima minust sellesama..." ; "Iidne meri, olen joobubud häälest..." ; "Selles punktis peatu..." ; Väike testament : [luuletused] / Eugenio Montale ; tõlk. Lauri Pilter

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Montale, Eugenio

    2003-01-01

    Andmed autori kohta lk. 28. Orig.: L'inverno si prolunga, il sole adopera ; Aspasia ; Incontro ; Dora Markus ; Parlerai di me con lo stesso ; Antico, sono ubriacato dalla voce ; A questo punto ; Piccolo testamento

  9. Estetyka a granice języka. Ludwig Wittgenstein i Arthur C. Danto

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karolina GLAZOR-POMYKAŁA

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The article is an attempt to pinpoint the areas of Ludwig Wittgenstein aesthetic thought, in which he is crossing the borders principally imposed upon the method and the language of his philosophy. I am directing my attention to metaphysical and mystical motifs of his reflection devoted to aesthetics, the essence of art and the essence of reality. I wish to discuss this issue based on the texts of Arthur C. Danto containing analysis of chosen notions of Wittgenstein’s aesthetic investigations. Additionally in this matter I am appealing to appropriate theses of Leszek Sosnowski and Wojciech Sady, concerning above issues.

  10. Ludwig's angina in children anesthesiologist's nightmare: Case series and review of literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maitree Pandey

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Ludwig's angina is potentially lethal, rapidly spreading cellulitis of the floor of mouth and neck. The anticipated difficult airway becomes even more challenging when it occurs in children. In children, the larynx is positioned relatively higher in the neck, and one does not have the option for blind nasal intubation or awake fiberoptic, which otherwise is the technique of choice in adult patients. We present the clinical course of 16 children and highlight various problems encountered during the anesthetic management of six children who required emergency surgical drainage under general anesthesia.

  11. Dreams, hallucinations, moving statues, and Ekphrasis in Ludwig Tieck's visual writings

    OpenAIRE

    Rockelmann, Joseph D

    2014-01-01

    When reading Ludwig Tieck's texts the reader becomes aware that dreams, the unconscious, and art play a key role. This study seeks to posit that Ekphrasis and dream interpretation are similar due to both analyzing a visual image and attempting to translate the visual into the verbal in order to gain a better and more complete understanding of it. G.E. Lessing believed that poetry and the visual arts were equal since each art form has its own strengths and when combined they create a complete ...

  12. Hertzian Dynamic Models In Ludwig Wittgenstein’s Theory Of Logic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andreea Eșanu

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available During the last century the social sciences grew from the stage of speculative system building to a more mature development in which empirical data are sought for the significance they can have for systematic theories. A lot of work in this field concerns itself with determining the methodological and conceptual prerequisites for a mature science of human reasoning and behavior. Modeling human reasoning and human behavior, although currently focused on social and economic phenomena like organizations, organizational knowledge, leadership, cooperation etc., are historically dependent upon modeling natural phenomena in physical science, precisely because physical science tackles successfully the issue of building upon empirical data. This paper pursues an apparently small, but nonetheless significant, historical claim concerning the “relative position of human reasoning and mechanics” a claim made possible by the development of late 19th century’s epistemology of science (mainly Heinrich Hertz’s and theoretical philosophy (Ludwig Wittgenstein. The main idea of the paper is that Ludwig Wittgenstein’s concept of “logical representation”, seen as a landmark for what human reasoning is about, is an intricate analogue to the Hertzian “dynamic models” from the Principles of Mechanics. This analogy is analyzed and explained with regard to the problem of the “logic of color”.

  13. Ludwig Wittgenstein

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Munch, Anders V.

    2006-01-01

    Filosoffen Wittgenstein var involveret i et byggeri sammen med arkitekten Paul Engelmann, elev af Adolf Loos. De filosofiske overvejelser om begrebet livsform kan belyse ideerne om den moderne arkitektur hos Loos, mens Loos' stilbegreb omvendt kan belyse sprogfilosofien hos Wittgenstein....

  14. Studies on the genus Eupenicillium Ludwig I. Taxonomy and nomenclature of Penicillia in relation to their sclerotioid ascocarpic states

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Stolk, Amelia C.; Scott, De B.

    1967-01-01

    The ascocarpic genus Eupenicillium Ludwig has been re-instated and reviewed taxonomically. It accommodates the perfect states of species characterized by pseudoparenchymatic or sclerotioid cleistothecia. The imperfect states belong to Penicillium Link ex Fries. Descriptions and synonomy of the genus

  15. Markus Alahuhta | NREL

    Science.gov (United States)

    Macromolecular X-ray crystallography Biochemical characterization of enzymes Education Ph.D., Biochemistry thermophilic Caldicellulosiruptor species to cellulose," J. Biol. Chem. (2015) "The Unique Binding

  16. [Ludwig II of Bavaria - the "fairy tale king": his last years from a psychiatric point of view].

    Science.gov (United States)

    V Zerssen, D

    2010-11-01

    Ludwig II of Bavaria (Germany) entered the political stage at the age of 18, following the premature death of his father Maximilian II in 1864. At that time, Ludwig was a very handsome, slender young man; he was enthusiastic and had a pronounced taste for fine arts and music, and was admired by the people as a "fairy tale king". However, already during the first years of his reign, he displayed traits that fulfilled the ICD-10 criteria for schizotypal disorder together with a combined cluster B personality disorder. They became even more pronounced over time. Towards the end of his life, Ludwig developed "imperial madness", a typical pattern of behavioural excesses including craving for power, splendour, construction, unrestrained spending, excessive eating and sexual exploitation, revenge with a tendency for cruelty, and an inclination for theatrical and sometimes irrational acts. This complex syndrome is usually manifested in excessively egocentric rulers who have almost unlimited power or, in the case of Ludwig II, an overwhelming desire to possess it. His imperial madness was possibly contributed to by an orbitofrontal brain syndrome. One conjecture is that this condition reflected a neurodegenerative process; another is that a primary deficit, initiated by brain damage following a severe bout of meningitis during Ludwig's babyhood, played a role. In this case, functional compensation by other brain areas may have eventually been counteracted by chronic substance abuse in his thirties. The monarch's life ended tragically when he was 40 by which time he had become adipose and had lost most of his teeth; meanwhile, he was placed under tutelage, dismissed and detained. Before his death by drowning in Lake Starnberg (suicide? attempted escape??), Ludwig apparently killed his psychiatrist, Bernhard von Gudden, who carelessly served as his sole attendant. Yet Ludwig's image as the beautiful fairy tale king is still alive in the hearts of successive generations of

  17. [Ludwig Rehn (1849-1930) and his importance in the development of modern surgery].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sachs, M; Encke, A

    1996-01-01

    The unusual course of Ludwig Rehn's professional development directed him from a general practitioner close to Frankfurt am Main to his convocation as first Professor in ordinary for surgery to the Frankfurt University, which was newly established in 1914. Among his numerous publications, especially the following contributed immensely to the development of modern surgery: in 1884, he already described the healing of patients with Graves' disease by subtotal resection of the goiter; in 1885 he first described the high prevalence of bladder tumors in workers of an aniline factory; in 1886, he managed the first successful heart-suture after a stab-incision of the right ventricle; in 1897, he already performed an operation at the thoracal oesophagus, with an access via the posterior mediastinum; in 1920, he established the operative treatment (pericardectomy) of patients with a calcified pericarditis (armour heart).

  18. Atoms, mechanics, and probability Ludwig Boltzmann's statistico-mechanical writings : an exegesis

    CERN Document Server

    Darrigol, Olivier

    2018-01-01

    One of the pillars of modern science, statistical mechanics, owes much to one man, the Austrian physicist Ludwig Boltzmann (1844-1906). As a result of his unusual working and writing styles, his enormous contribution remains little read and poorly understood. The purpose of this book is to make the Boltzmann corpus more accessible to physicists, philosophers, and historians, and so give it new life. The means are introductory biographical and historical materials, detailed and lucid summaries of every relevant publication, and a final chapter of critical synthesis. Special attention is given to Boltzmann's theoretical tool-box and to his patient construction of lofty formal systems even before their full conceptual import could be known. This constructive tendency largely accounts for his lengthy style, for the abundance of new constructions, for the relative vagueness of their object--and for the puzzlement of commentators. This book will help the reader cross the stylistic barrier and see how ingeniously B...

  19. Ludwig Guttmann (1899-1980), Stoke Mandeville Hospital and the Paralympic Games.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silver, John R

    2012-08-01

    On 27 July 2012 London is hosting the Olympic and the Paralympic Games. The Olympic Games will be attended by 17,000 athletes to be followed by the Paralympic Games with 4200 athletes from 150 countries, participating in 20 different sports. This multicultural event has grown in the last 60 years from a small competition between British and Dutch athletes on the lawns of Stoke Mandeville Hospital in Buckinghamshire. The Paralympic Movement was born out of the vision of Sir Ludwig Guttmann. Before World War II, most paraplegic patients died. Guttmann came to Stoke Mandeville Hospital in 1944 and instituted the modern treatment of spinal injuries which kept paraplegic patients alive. While exercise is an essential part of rehabilitation, developing strength and agility, and a paraplegic patient can only participate in competitive sport when he or she is fully rehabilitated so the sports movement grew out of the successful treatment of paraplegic patients.

  20. "On cyclic insanity" by Karl Ludwig Kahlbaum, MD: a translation and commentary.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baethge, Christopher; Salvatore, Paola; Baldessarini, Ross J

    2003-01-01

    Karl Ludwig Kahlbaum (1828-1899) spent most of his professional career as director of a private psychiatric sanatorium in Germany. He remains influential for introducing his "clinical method" (based on considering the course of an illness as well as the signs and symptoms) of differential diagnosis of specific psychiatric syndromes and urging abandonment of the more unitary views of psychotic disorders favored by the leading German academic theorists of his time. Kahlbaum's approach to nosology, detailed in an 1863 monograph and other works, strongly influenced Kraepelin's views. However, remarkably few of the important writings of this keen clinical observer are available in English translation. His seminal lecture-essay "On Cyclic Insanity" [Uber cyklisches Irresein] of 1882 is translated into English here for the first time, with comments about its place in the history of the evolution of the concept of bipolar disorder, including its position as a link between Falret's folie circulaire and Kraepelin's manic-depressive insanity.

  1. Bayerische Staatsbibliothek Ludwig-Maximilian Universität München Historisches Seminar /Abteilung geschichtliche Wissenschaften, Projektbereich 'Digitale Tafelwerke Pilotprojekt Digitalisierung Sybel/Sickel: "Kaiserurkunden in Abbildungen"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonella Ghignoli

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Review of Bayerische Staatsbibliothek Ludwig-Maximilian Universität München Historisches Seminar /Abteilung geschichtliche Wissenschaften, Projektbereich 'Digitale Tafelwerke Pilotprojekt Digitalisierung Sybel/Sickel: "Kaiserurkunden in Abbildungen"

  2. A short biography of Hubert Ludwig and a note on the publication dates of his monograph Die Seewalzen (1889-1892).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reich, Mike

    2015-12-03

    The dates of publication of Hubert Ludwig's (1852-1913) comprehensive monograph Die Seewalzen [= Sea cucumbers] are reviewed. The precise publication dates of his volume, originally published in 16 fascicles and 8 parts/issues, delivered between 1889 and 1892, has been re-examined. Additionally, a short biographical note on Hubert Ludwig's life and a discussion of all new taxa introduced by him in his monograph is given.

  3. Bomb-spike dating of a mummified baboon in Ludwig Cave, Namibia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hodgins Greg

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available In 1982 a mummified adult female baboon was discovered on a ledge in Ludwig Cave in Namibia. A toe bone was removed for dating in July 1995. AMS radiocarbon dating of bone collagen, tendon, and skin indicates a post-modern age. Application of the atomic bomb-spike calibration curve suggests death in late 1977 and an age at death of around 19 years. Baboons roost in the cave and the mummified female, along with a mummified juvenile male discovered in 2002 and three rotting corpses discovered in 1995, were probably chased by other baboons or by leopards down a ca. 6 m drop during the rainy season, and were unable to climb the steep and very slippery slope to escape. The large number of baboons trapped in the cave in less than 20 years, and mummification of two individuals on dry, dusty ledges in the cave, may explain why large numbers of baboon skeletons have been discovered in ancient bone breccias (up to 4 Ma old in a number of caves throughout Southern Africa.

  4. Mortimer Frank, Johann Ludwig Choulant, and the history of anatomical illustration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feibel, Robert M

    2018-01-01

    Mortimer Frank (1874-1919) was an ophthalmologist in Chicago, Illinois. He published a number of papers on the history of medicine, and was secretary of the Chicago Society of the History of Medicine and editor of their Bulletin. His major contribution to the history of medicine relates to the history of anatomical illustration. The classic book on that subject had been published in 1852 in German by the physician and historian, Johann Ludwig Choulant (1791-1861). However, by Frank's time this text was both out dated and out of print. Frank took on the tremendous project of translating Choulant's German text into English as History and Bibliography of Anatomic Illustration in Its Relation to Anatomic Science and The Graphic Arts. He improved Choulant's text with the results of his and other scholars' research, greatly enlarging the text. Frank supplemented the original book with a biography of Choulant, essays on anatomists not considered in the original text, and an essay on the history of anatomical illustration prior to those authors discussed by Choulant. This book, now referred to as Choulant/Frank, has been reprinted several times, and is still useful as a reference in this field, though some of its research is now dated.

  5. High dose-per-pulse electron beam dosimetry - A model to correct for the ion recombination in the Advanced Markus ionization chamber.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Petersson, Kristoffer; Jaccard, Maud; Germond, Jean-François; Buchillier, Thierry; Bochud, François; Bourhis, Jean; Vozenin, Marie-Catherine; Bailat, Claude

    2017-03-01

    The purpose of this work was to establish an empirical model of the ion recombination in the Advanced Markus ionization chamber for measurements in high dose rate/dose-per-pulse electron beams. In addition, we compared the observed ion recombination to calculations using the standard Boag two-voltage-analysis method, the more general theoretical Boag models, and the semiempirical general equation presented by Burns and McEwen. Two independent methods were used to investigate the ion recombination: (a) Varying the grid tension of the linear accelerator (linac) gun (controls the linac output) and measuring the relative effect the grid tension has on the chamber response at different source-to-surface distances (SSD). (b) Performing simultaneous dose measurements and comparing the dose-response, in beams with varying dose rate/dose-per-pulse, with the chamber together with dose rate/dose-per-pulse independent Gafchromic™ EBT3 film. Three individual Advanced Markus chambers were used for the measurements with both methods. All measurements were performed in electron beams with varying mean dose rate, dose rate within pulse, and dose-per-pulse (10 -2  ≤ mean dose rate ≤ 10 3 Gy/s, 10 2  ≤ mean dose rate within pulse ≤ 10 7  Gy/s, 10 -4  ≤ dose-per-pulse ≤ 10 1  Gy), which was achieved by independently varying the linac gun grid tension, and the SSD. The results demonstrate how the ion collection efficiency of the chamber decreased as the dose-per-pulse increased, and that the ion recombination was dependent on the dose-per-pulse rather than the dose rate, a behavior predicted by Boag theory. The general theoretical Boag models agreed well with the data over the entire investigated dose-per-pulse range, but only for a low polarizing chamber voltage (50 V). However, the two-voltage-analysis method and the Burns & McEwen equation only agreed with the data at low dose-per-pulse values (≤ 10 -2 and ≤ 10 -1  Gy, respectively). An empirical

  6. Markus Gamper: Islamischer Feminismus in Deutschland? Religiosität, Identität und Gender in muslimischen Frauenvereinen. Bielefeld: transcript Verlag 2011.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Charlotte Binder

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Anhand von qualitativen und quantitativen Daten wird in dieser soziologischen Studie die Bedeutung von Religiosität, Identität und Gender in muslimischen Frauenvereinen in Deutschland untersucht. Markus Gamper verknüpft die Ergebnisse mit den kulturtheoretischen Ansätzen von Stuart Hall und Homi K. Bhabha und vertritt die These, dass ein islamischer Feminismus in Deutschland existiere. Er stellt fest, dass es den in den Vereinen organisierten Frauen gelinge, Gegendiskurse zu der deutschen Mehrheitsgesellschaft sowie zu den androzentrisch geprägten muslimischen Gemeinschaften zu entwickeln und somit Widerstand gegen Diskriminierung zu leisten. Der Autor begegnet in den von ihm untersuchten Vereinen – statt ‚unterdrückten Muslima‘, wie sie von den Medien inszeniert werden – hochgebildeten Frauen, die selbstbewusst und unabhängig ein religiöses Leben führen.Using qualitative and quantitative data, this sociological study analyzes the meaning of religiosity, identity, and gender in Muslim women’s societies in Germany. Markus Gamper connects the findings to approaches from the field of cultural theory by Stuart Hall and Homi K. Bhabha. Furthermore, he advocates the proposition that Islamic feminism exists in Germany. He states that the women who are organized in these societies succeed in developing counter discourses to German mainstream society as well as to the androcentrically coined Muslim communities, thus, making a stand against discrimination. In the analyzed societies, the author encounters – instead of “suppressed Muslim women” as they are presented by the media – highly educated women, who, confidently and independently, lead a religious life.

  7. Implant dentistry curriculum in undergraduate education: part 2-program at the Albert-Ludwigs University, Freiburg, Germany.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kroeplin, Birgit S; Strub, Joerg R

    2011-01-01

    The aim of this study was to describe the didactic and clinical undergraduate implant dentistry program of the Albert-Ludwigs University, Freiburg, Germany, with emphasis on the clinical implant experience. A detailed description of the implant curriculum at Albert-Ludwigs University is given with documented exemplary cases and additional flow charts. All students participate in 28 hours of lectures and approximately 64 hours of seminars with hands-on courses and gain clinical experience. All undergraduate students are eligible to place and restore oral implants. Emphasis is placed on prosthetic-driven planning of implant positions, three-dimensional imaging, and computer-guided implant placement. Implant restorations performed by undergraduate students comprise single crowns and small multiunit fixed dental prostheses in partially edentulous posterior maxillae and anterior or posterior mandibles, implant-retained overdentures (snap attachment) in edentulous patients, and telescopic fixed-removable dental prostheses on remaining teeth and strategically placed additional implants. Over the past 2.5 years, 51 patients were treated with 97 dental implants placed by students in the undergraduate program. Seventy-one restorations were inserted: 60.6% single crowns, 7% fixed dental protheses, 21.1% overdentures, and 11.3% telescopic fixed-removable dental prostheses. The implant survival rate was 98.9%. Because survival rates for dental implants placed and restored by students are comparable to those of experienced dentists, oral implant dentistry should be implemented as part of the undergraduate dental curriculum.

  8. Response to inquiry request from the Ludwig, Schilthuis, Boonstra, Wright, Bryzgorni and Johnstone families and Dr. W. O. Scott

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2000-01-01

    An EUB inquiry into oil and gas activities in the Hythe and Beaverlodge area in Alberta was requested by a number of families and individuals, living near the area, complaining of emissions from petroleum operations, as well as expressing concerns about increasing community frustration and intentional damage to petroleum facilities. During the Board's consideration of the request two members of the group, Wiebo Ludwig and Richard Boonstra, were charged with criminal offences related to damage to oil and gas facilities in northwestern Alberta. They were tried and convicted for these offences in April 2000. Subsequently, the Board denied the request for an inquiry on the grounds that the oil and gas operations identified by the families have been conducted in compliance with the terms of the respective companies' approvals, licences and permits, and the operations conformed to provincial standards. Furthermore, the families, especially the Ludwig, Boonstra and Schilthuis families, have consistently demonstrated a lack of cooperation over the years in participating in efforts initiated by the Board, industry and government, to find solutions to their concerns. Also, the Board found no objective evidence that the harmful effects identified by the families resulted from the lawful activities of the energy companies operating in the Hythe area. This Memorandum of Decision contains the detailed reasoning of the Board for denying the request for an inquiry, and to provide context, including facts about the extent, scope and performance of oil and gas operations in the area. 2 figs

  9. The International (Ludwig) Breast Cancer Study Group Trials I-IV: 15 years follow-up.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Castiglione-Gertsch, M; Johnsen, C; Goldhirsch, A; Gelber, R D; Rudenstam, C M; Collins, J; Lindtner, J; Hacking, A; Cortes-Funes, H; Forbes, J

    1994-10-01

    Adjuvant systemic therapy prolongs disease-free and overall survival in both pre- and postmenopausal patients. Available data shown benefit from multi-agent chemotherapy, prolonged tamoxifen treatment, and ovarian ablation, and that the combination of chemo- and endocrine therapy might be advantageous. In 1978 the International (Ludwig) Breast Cancer Study Group (IBCSG) initiated four complementary randomized controlled clinical trials to evaluate the roles of chemo-endocrine combinations or endocrine therapy alone in specific populations defined by risk (for pre- and perimenopausal patients) or by age (for postmenopausal patients). The results at 10 and 13 years' median follow-up for these trials are summarized in this report and are compared to those of the Overview meta-analysis with regard to chemo-endocrine or endocrine therapy combinations. Furthermore, types of first relapses by sites and second malignant diseases are reported. 1601 evaluable patients with node positive disease were included into the studies I-IV. In Trial I (491 premenopausal patients with 1-3 positive axillary nodes) we studied the addition of low-dose continuous prednisone (p) to a cyclophosphamide-methotrexate-fluorouracil (CMF) combination. In Trial II 327 premenopausal patients with four or more positive axillary nodes were randomized to one year CMFp or to a surgical oophorectomy followed by CMFp. In Trial III (463 postmenopausal patients 65 years old or younger), combined chemoendocrine therapy (one year of CMFp plus tamoxifen (T)) was compared to endocrine therapy (1 year of p + T) or to surgery alone. In Trial IV 320 postmenopausal patients 66 to 80 years old were treated either by surgery alone or by surgery followed by 1 year prednisone and tamoxifen. In Trial I the addition of prednisone allowed a higher dose of cytotoxics to be administered compared with CMF alone. Despite this increased dose intensity, 13-year disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) were similar

  10. ON THE MAKING OF A SYSTEM THEORY OF LIFE: PAUL A WEISS AND LUDWIG VON BERTALANFFY’S CONCEPTUAL CONNECTION

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drack, Manfred; Apfalter, Wilfried; Pouvreau, David

    2010-01-01

    In this article, we review how two eminent Viennese system thinkers, Paul A Weiss and Ludwig von Bertalanffy, began to develop their own perspectives toward a system theory of life in the 1920s. Their work is especially rooted in experimental biology as performed at the Biologische Versuchsanstalt, as well as in philosophy, and they converge in basic concepts. We underline the conceptual connections of their thinking, among them the organism as an organized system, hierarchical organization, and primary activity. With their system thinking, both biologists shared a strong desire to overcome what they viewed as a “mechanistic” approach in biology. Their interpretations are relevant to the renaissance of system thinking in biology—“systems biology.” Unless otherwise noted, all translations are our own. PMID:18217527

  11. On the making of a system theory of life: Paul A Weiss and Ludwig von Bertalanffy's conceptual connection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drack, Manfred; Apfalter, Wilfried; Pouvreau, David

    2007-12-01

    In this article, we review how two eminent Viennese system thinkers, Paul A Weiss and Ludwig von Bertalanffy, began to develop their own perspectives toward a system theory of life in the 1920s. Their work is especially rooted in experimental biology as performed at the Biologische Versuchsanstalt, as well as in philosophy, and they converge in basic concepts. We underline the conceptual connections of their thinking, among them the organism as an organized system, hierarchical organization, and primary activity. With their system thinking, both biologists shared a strong desire to overcome what they viewed as a "mechanistic" approach in biology. Their interpretations are relevant to the renaissance of system thinking in biology--"systems biology." Unless otherwise noted, all translations are our own.

  12. ‘Wo soll ich hinfliehen vor diesem Mensch?’: Een luisteroefening in Ludwig Hofacker (1797−1828

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Johan Kommers

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available De aanwezigheid van de levende God in preken kunnen wij niet terzijde stellen of verontachtzamen. Waar dit wel gebeurt, daar wordt verkondiging een voordracht, zonder de volmacht. Orthodoxie komt in ademnood wanneer exegese en dogmatiek opgaan in een aantal meningen en waarbij het getuigenis van de Bijbel op de achtergrond komt. Ludwig Hofacker (1798–18281 was een prediker die in bijbelonderzoek en prediking zijn oor te luisteren legde aan de Bron. Het Woord van God was voor hem hét homiletisch magazijn. Dat nu nog steeds, in de 21e eeuw, zijn preken gelezen worden, geeft aan dat zijn erfenis een opmerkelijke is. Hij pakte het probleem van de geestelijke dorheid op in een tijd gekenmerkt door het opkomend klimaat van het humanistisch rationalisme. Hofackers prediking geeft weer waar het werkelijk om gaat: Christus alleen. Deze preken laten ook de prediker zelf zien. Zijn stem roept op wat de Reformatie zo na aan het hart lag, en de cadenzen van het sola gratia, sola Scriptura, en het sola fide zijn in elke preek te horen. Het religieuze eigene van Hofacker sluit grote missionaire bewogenheid in. In sermons we cannot disregard the presence of the living God, otherwise preaching will become a performance, without divine authority. Orthodoxy will be gasping for breath when exegesis and dogmatic theology are wholly absorbed in a number of opinions, causing biblical testimony to recede into the background. Ludwig Hofacker (1798–1828, was a preacher who in Bible study and preaching put his ears to the Fountain. The Word of God was his sole homiletic storehouse. Today, in our 21st century, his sermons are still being read. This indicates that he left us a remarkable body of work. He tackled the problem of spiritual dearth in a time of emerging humanistic rationalism. Hofacker’s preaching reflected his core belief: Christ only. His sermons also reflect the preacher himself. His voice clearly recalls what was held so dear in the Reformation, and

  13. Ludwig Edelstein (1902-1965): a German historian of medicine in North American exile and the emergence of the modern Hippocratic Oath.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pow, Stephen; Stahnisch, Frank W

    2016-11-01

    Already emerging as an original thinker in the field of classical philology and history of medicine, German scholar Ludwig Edelstein became one of many scholars who lost his academic position when the National Socialists came to power in early 1933. This paper details his life before and after his difficult transition from Europe to North America, while reviewing the lasting significance of his translation and commentary on the Hippocratic Oath. © The Author(s) 2015.

  14. «Tiziano?», «Correggio?». Due expertises di Ludwig Baldass e Roberto Longhi nell’archivio di Antonio Morassi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giulio Zavatta

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available The Photo Archive Antonio Morassi (Ca' Foscari University of Venice contains a unique file with photographs and expertises on two paintings attributed to Titian and Correggio. This paper aims to investigate the role played by the two art historians Ludwig Baldass and Roberto Longhi in this "affair", which represents an evocative case study for the history of Italian art market after the Second World War, and for the critical debate over Correggio and his legacy.

  15. Carl Ludwig's (1847) and Pavel Petrovich Einbrodt's (1860) physiological research and its implications for modern cardiovascular science: translator's notes relating to the English translation of two seminal papers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schaefer, Jochen; Lohff, Brigitte; Dittmer, Janke Jörn

    2014-08-01

    Respiratory interactions with the heart have remained a challenging physiological phenomenon since their discovery more than two hundred and fifty years ago. In the course of translating the seminal publications of Carl Ludwig and his disciple Pavel Petrovich Einbrodt into English, we became aware of some under-appreciated aspects of their work that contain useful insights into the history of the phenomenon now called respiratory arrhythmia. Ludwig observed arrhythmic effects of respiratory movements in experiments on dogs and horses and published his findings in 1847. He subsequently undertook further work on this problem, together with Einbrodt. Already in 1847 Ludwig had mentioned an exciting observation on the possible role of mechanical factors of the respiratory movements on the action of the heart in a dog in whom he had artificially induced bouts of coughing. Einbrodt decided to systematically develop methods to increase or decrease the pressure of the air the animal had to breathe. He observed that this procedure led to a greater or lesser degree of compression or decompression of all the organs in the thoracic cavity without apparently causing harmful consequences during the time of its application. How the mechanical influence of breathing affects cardiac activity during respiratory arrhythmia has been the subject of scientific discussions and controversies over a period of more than 150 years and is still unresolved. Recent publications suggest that cardiac mechano-electrical coupling plays an important role in the emergence of cardio-respiratory interdependence. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  16. 31st Annual Conference of the Gesellschaft für Klassifikation e.V., Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg

    CERN Document Server

    Burkhardt, Hans; Schmidt-Thieme, Lars; Decker, Reinhold

    2008-01-01

    Data analysis and machine learning are research areas at the intersection of computer science, artificial intelligence, mathematics and statistics. They cover general methods and techniques that can be applied to a vast set of applications such as web and text mining, marketing, medical science, bioinformatics and business intelligence. This volume contains the revised versions of selected papers in the field of data analysis, machine learning and applications presented during the 31st Annual Conference of the German Classification Society (Gesellschaft für Klassifikation - GfKl). The conference was held at the Albert-Ludwigs-University in Freiburg, Germany, in March 2007.

  17. Täter- und Opfergeschichten. Schuld in Alois Hotschnigs Prosawerken «Aus», «Leonardos Hände» und «Ludwigs Zimmer»

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Friederike Gösweiner

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available The assumption this article is based on is that guilt is perhaps the most important theme in Alois Hotschnig’s writing. This article therefore aims at analyzing Hotschnig’s focus on the theme of guilt in his novels. Three examples of Hotschnig’s prose work serve as case studies: his debut Aus, and the two novels Leonardos Hände, and Ludwigs Zimmer. Since guilt seems to be a very important topic in the Austrian literary tradition, this article also tries to establish whether and how Hotschnig takes up this grand Austrian tradition of writing about guilt.

  18. On the history of Ludwig von Bertalanffy's "general systemology", and on its relationship to cybernetics - Part II: Contexts and developments of the systemological hermeneutics instigated by von Bertalanffy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pouvreau, David

    2014-02-01

    The history of "general system theory" is investigated in order to clarify its meanings, vocations, foundations and achievements. It is characterized as the project of a science of the systemic interpretation of the "real", renamed here "general systemology". The contexts and modes of its elaboration, publication and implementation are discussed. The paper mostly focuses on the works of its instigator: Ludwig von Bertalanffy. However, general systemology was a collective project: the main contributions of other "systemologists", from the 1950s until the 1970s, are hence also considered. Its solidarity with the history of the Society for General Systems Research is notably discussed. A reconstruction of the systemological hermeneutics is undertaken on this basis. It finds out the potential systematic unity underlying the diversity of the contributions to this both scientific and philosophical project. Light is thus shed on the actual scope of von Bertalanffy's works.

  19. Johannes Ludwig Janson, professor of veterinary medicine in Tokyo in 1880-1902 - contribution to German-Japanese medical relations, part IV.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kast, Alexander

    2010-01-01

    Among the German pioneers of Western medicine in Japan (8, 12) during the Meiji period (1868-1912), veterinary officer Johannes Ludwig Janson (1849-1914) was one of the most important figures. He arrived in Tokyo in October 1880 and taught at the Veterinary School in Komaba. During his tenure, the school in Komaba was integrated into the School of Agriculture of the Imperial University of Tokyo. Numerous of his graduates occupied high public offices. Among his publications, those about domestic animals and veterinary medicine in Japan deserve special attention. He married a Japanese girl and continued teaching in Komaba until 1902. He found his last resting place in Kagoshima, the native place of his wife. To this day, the Japanese consider Janson the founder of modern veterinary medicine in their country.

  20. [The advantage of a modern operational approach to the diagnosis of mental disorders. The case of the Bavarian King Ludwig II--an example from biographical research].

    Science.gov (United States)

    von Zerssen, D

    2013-05-01

    Worldwide discrepancies in the classification, terminology and diagnosis of mental disorders have induced efforts for unification after World War II. This led to the introduction of an operational diagnostic approach according to strict criteria, at the same time taking into account the comorbidity of disorders. However, this approach is still not routinely used. The consequences of this deficiency are demonstrated here by an example from biographical research referring to the Bavarian King Ludwig II. The study is based on an extensive search of the relevant literature. Although the pathography of this Bavarian king is well documented, the diagnoses published between 1910 and 2010 by altogether 21 specialists, are distributed rather chaotically over 24 diagnostic categories of the ICD-10. Merely in the (probably wrong) diagnosis of a schizophrenic psychosis is there agreement among half of the authors. This is concordant with the expert diagnosis of paranoia by von Gudden and his colleagues (1886) when considering the then contemporary concept of the disorder. According to modern diagnostic principles almost half of the 24 diagnoses can be confirmed. The others have to be regarded as false diagnoses. The conclusion is that modern principles of the diagnosis of mental disorders should be applied according to internationally accepted diagnostic manuals. This approach should be used in, but is not exclusive to, biographical research. Precondition is, of course, the exact knowledge and careful application of these principles.

  1. [Requirements for final year medical studies in the era of generation Y - implementation for general and visceral surgery at the Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Albertsmeier, M; Pratschke, S; Raes, P; Werner, J; Angele, M K

    2014-12-01

    The revision of the medical licensing regulations in 2012 has changed the underlying conditions for the practical year (PY), especially in the sense of markedly more flexibility for the medical students. The driving force for these and future changes, however, is not the legislature but rather the students themselves who are explicitly demanding that their training be adapted to their requirements and wishes. Time for the realisation of personal aims, planning of leisure time activities, for the family and social contacts as well as an altogether balanced work-life balance have replaced the wish for professional advancement as premise for the lifestyle of generation Y. Many hospitals, especially the privately-supported, attract students with special offers - university hospitals are called upon to defend their position in the competition for newly qualified students. The present article describes the changes of 2012 as part of a programme for a sustainable increase in the attractivity of the surgical PY at the Ludwig-Maximilian University (LMU) in Munich. Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  2. [From anamnesis to the art of interpretation, or: What is a "genuine" psychoanalyst? Wolfgang Warda, Ludwig Binswanger, Wilhelm Strohmayer and the origins of psychoanalysis in Thuringia].

    Science.gov (United States)

    May, Ulrike

    2016-01-01

    Warda and Strohmayer from Thuringia were among the first German physicians who developed an interest in Freuds theory and therapeutic method around 1900. Their contributions reflect the influence of Otto Binswanger, professor of psychiatry in Jena, a representative of the "psychological direction" in psychiatry which in the beginning was relatively receptive to Freud. The paper discusses their rapprochement to, and detachment from, the Freudian school, including also the work of a third young physician: Ludwig Binswanger, Otto's nephew, who was active in Jena at the same time. It points to certain factors contributing to the increasing rejection Freud met in academic circles which have been underrated to date: (1) the transformation of psychoanalysis into an art of interpretation; (2) the introduction of transference. Both factors which were elaborated by Freud as essentials of his theoretical and practical approach around 1900 and published in 1904/05, undermined the claim of academic medicine to objectivity. The paper describes how psychoanalysis officially abandoned the scientific standards of contemporary medicine at the Weimar congress in 1911, at the same time as Warda and Strohmayer left the Freudian group.

  3. Armin Tuulse ja kirikute uurimine / Kersti Markus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Markus, Kersti, 1962-

    2008-01-01

    Arhitektuuri- ja kunstiajaloolase tegevusest 1930. aastate Eestis ja Teise maailmasõja järgses Rootsis. Saksa ja rootsi teadlaste vahelistest kultuuriregiooni vaidlustest. Eesti kunsti omapära otsingutest. Keskaegse sakraalkunsti uurimise meetoditest

  4. Kes ikkagi asutas Pirita kloostri? / Kersti Markus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Markus, Kersti, 1962-

    2012-01-01

    Tegelik kloostri ülesehitaja oli Hinrich Swalbart. Kuna birgitiinide kloostrid allusid kohalikule piiskopile ning Swalbart oli kloostri rajamisega seotud alates 1405. aastast, siis võiks väita, et Pirita kloostri rajamise idee pärineb Saksa ordu kõrgmeistri Konrad von Jungingeni lähikonnast. Nimelt sai 1405. aastal Tallinna uueks piiskopiks Johannes III Aken, kes oli eelnevalt olnud ordu kõrgmeistri kaplan

  5. The predictive value of somatic and cognitive depressive symptoms for cytokine changes in patients with major depression

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dannehl K

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Katharina Dannehl,1 Winfried Rief,1 Markus J Schwarz,2 Annika Hennings,1 Sabine Riemer,1 Verena Selberdinger,3 Theresa Stapf,3 Frank Euteneuer11Division of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Philipps Universität Marburg, Marburg, Germany; 2Institute for Laboratory Medicine, Ludwig-Maximilian Universität, Munich, Germany; 3Department of Psychiatry, Ludwig-Maximilian Universität, Munich, GermanyContext: Elevated concentrations of proinflammatory cytokines have been hypothesized as an important factor in the pathophysiology of depression. Depression itself is considered to be a heterogeneous disorder. Current findings suggest that “cognitive” and “somatic” symptom dimensions are related to immune function in different ways. So far, little research has been done on the longitudinal aspects of inflammation in patients with major depression, especially with respect to different symptom dimensions of depression. Therefore, we investigated which aspects of depression may predict changes in tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha and interleukin (IL-6 over 4 weeks. Methods: Forty-one patients with major depression diagnosed according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fourth edition (DSM-IV, and 45 healthy controls were enrolled. Serum measurements of TNF-alpha and IL-6 were conducted at baseline and 4 weeks later. Psychometric measures included the assessment of cognitive-affective depressive symptoms and somatic symptoms during the last 7 days as well as somatic symptoms during the last 2 years. Results: Patients with depression showed increased levels of TNF-alpha (P<0.05 compared to healthy controls. Hierarchical regression analyses indicated that neither depressive nor somatic symptoms predict changes in proinflammatory cytokines in the whole sample of depressed patients. Moderation analyses and subsequent sex-stratified regression analyses indicated that higher somatoform symptoms during the last 2 years

  6. Ludwig, un roi sur la lune : l’histoire d’un roi fou jouée par des comédien.ne.s en situation de handicap mental

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marie Astier

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Ludwig, un roi sur la lune, spectacle mis en scène par Madeleine Louarn avec les comédien.ne.s professionnels en situation de handicap mental de l’Atelier Catalyse et présenté lors de la dernière édition du Festival d’Avignon n’est pas une reconstitution historique de la vie de Louis II de Bavière, roi du XIXe siècle diagnostiqué paranoïaque et destitué pour être interné, mais une tentative de transcrire théâtralement la perception du monde d’un homme amoureux de l’Art, de la nature et des hommes, mais qui devait être Roi. Ce n’est ni un personnage ni des comédien.ne.s « handicapé.e.s » que nous sommes invités à voir, mais les visions de Ludwig incarnées par des comédien.ne.s qui se trouvent être en situation de handicap mental. Dans ce spectacle, la « folie » devenue plus tard « handicap mental » apparaît sous les traits de la non-conformité bien plus que sous ceux de la pathologie.

  7. Ludwig Boltzmann, mechanics and vitalism

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Broda, E.

    1990-01-01

    During most of his life Boltzmann considered classical mechanics, based on the ideas of material points and central forces, as the fundament of physics. On this basis he became one of the founders of Statistical Mechanics, through which thermodynamics was interpreted on an atomistic basis. In this work, Boltzmann was opposed by his colleague, Ernst Mach. Boltzmann also devoted much work to attempts to interpret Maxwell's theory of the electromagnetic field, of which he was a main protagonist in Central Europe, through mechanics. However, as a supporter of mechanics Boltzmann was by no means dogmatic. While he was adamant in his rejection of Wilhelm Ostwald's energism, he was openminded in respect to the relationship of mechanics, electromagnetism and atomistics. Personally, Boltzmann wanted to conserve and transmit the enormous achievements of mechanics, especially in connection with the mechanical theory of heat, so that these results should not be lost to future generations, but he encouraged attempts to proceed in new directions. While within the framework of statistical mechanics the atoms were treated like the material points of classical mechanics, Boltzmann resisted the initial, unwarranted, ideas about the structure and the properties of the atoms. When later valid ideas were evolved, Boltzmann warmly welcomed this progress, without however personally taking part in the new developments. In his later years, Boltzmann took an intense interest in biology. He supported Darwin's theories, and he contributed to them. He may be called an 'absolute Darwinist'. In his search for a natural explanation of the phenomena of life, he used the term 'mechanical', without meaning to limit them to the realm of classical mechanics. This terminological laxity is considered as unfortunate. Extending his application of Darwinian principles to advanced species, including man, Boltzmann put forward 'mechanical' explanations of thought, of morality, of the sense of beauty, and of happiness or unhappiness. 'The god, by whose grace the kings rule, is the fundamental law of mechanics' he said. It is argued now that this impressive but misleading terminology does not justify consideration of Boltzmann as a mechanical materialist. In present terms, Boltzmann was a reductionist rather than a vitalist. He also was one of the founders of evolutionary epistemology. (author)

  8. Die Einführung des "Intensivstudium München" in das Curriculum der Tierärztlichen Fakultät der Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München [Introducing a clinical rotation system into the curriculum of the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stadler, Oliver

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available [english] In April 2005, a clinical rotation was introduced in the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine at Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich to improve quality of clinical education. The eigth and ninth semesters were merged into one semester, and the prescribed semester breaks were abandoned. The clinical year was divided into 14 rotations of 3.5 weeks each and included a 3-week break over Christmas and New Year’s. Each clinic offers a range of different rotations among which students have to choose six. Because of the general nature of Germany’s veterinary license, which includes all species and clinical disciplines, students are required to follow certain guidelines while selecting their preferred rotations. For each student, a mandatory 7-week rotation is required in which pathology, food hygiene, and animal welfare is taught. Due to various constraints, the numbers of students admitted to different rotations varies, and therefore not all requests for rotations can be fulfilled. To this end, students are not only asked to indicate their favourite six rotations but also to rank these in order of preference during registration. If demand turns out to exceed the rotations offered, then an alternative rotation is assigned to a student depending on ranked preferences. In an attempt to control quality of new curriculum, student performance is evaluated after each block in nearly all of their rotations. In addition, students are invited to evaluate teachers as well as facilities. [german] Im Sommersemester 2005 wurde an der Tierärztlichen Fakultät der Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München das „Intensivstudium München“ („Klinische Rotation“ in Form eines Rotationssystems eingeführt. Diese Umstellung hatte die Verbesserung der Qualität der klinischen Ausbildung zum Ziel. Das bisherige achte und neunte Fachsemester wurden zu einem Studienjahr zusammengefasst; die davor übliche Unterteilung in allgemein gültige Vorlesungs- und

  9. 75 FR 61232 - RIEF RMP LLC and Renaissance Technologies LLC; Notice of Application

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-04

    ... for federal and state income tax purposes. \\2\\ ``Audit'' shall have the meaning defined in rule 1-02(d... Pooled Investment Vehicles' registered public accountant shall semi- annually reconcile the prime broker... Vehicle audited by the Pooled Investment Vehicle's independent public accountants. At the end of each...

  10. Outstanding Problems in Solar Physics Markus J. Aschwanden

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Self-organized criticality (from nanoflares to giant flares). 8. Magnetic ... liantly confirmed the theory ofneutrino (flavor) oscillations, and this way also corrobo- rated the ... On the other side, experimental verification has been achieved with high ...

  11. Markus Maeurer on the LifeGene project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maeurer, Markus

    2010-09-01

    This year will see the full-scale roll-out of the LifeGene study. Coordinated by the Karolinska Institutet (Stockholm, Sweden), the project looks set to be one of the largest health studies performed in the world, aiming to enroll 500,000 Swedes in order to determine the relationship between disease and environmental, lifestyle and hereditary factors. International experts from a broad spectrum of scientific fields will collaborate on this project, including Mark Maeurer, Chair of the infections working group in LifeGene (www.lifegene.se). Maeurer leads the additional study on influenza-like illnesses, which is currently being run within the LifeGene project. Maeurer studied medicine in Germany, Switzerland and the USA. He is board-certified in medical microbiology, has served as Assistant Professor of Surgery at the University of Pittsburgh Medical School (PA, USA) in the Department of Surgical Oncology and Immunotherapy, as Professor of Medical Microbiology at the University of Mainz, Germany, and is now Professor of Clinical Immunology at the Microbiology and Tumor Cell Biology Center at the Karolinska Institutet. Maeurer has conducted experiments with nonhuman primate models to study TB vaccine take, with the aim to profile markers of immune protection. His general interests are in the field of immune reconstitution and memory immune responses, with a particular focus on gauging protective T-cell responses and antibody immune signatures using high-content peptide microarrays. He has published more than 100 original articles, ten book chapters and serves as a reviewer for a number of international scientific journals.

  12. Solar Flare Physics Enlivened by TRACE and RHESSI Markus J ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    the highest EUV spatial resolution and the Ramaty High Energy Solar Spec- trometric Imager ... Displaced Electron and Ion Acceleration Sources. Key words. ... 2002) and the solid-state detectors of the Soft ... new diagnostic of the flare plasma temperature and iron abundance. 3. .... from the thick-target model (Fig. 3, right ...

  13. Ludwig Boltzmann, Albert Einstein and Franz Joseph

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Broda, E.

    1983-01-01

    Under the Emperor Francis Joseph (1848-1916) the natural sciences were less weIl supported in Austria than in other countries of Europe. This is explained by the fact that the German speaking middle classes accepted the preeminence of the feudal forces with their antiscientific attitude. The reason for this readiness to subordination was that those middle classes feIt threatened in their relatively favourable situation by Slavs and Latins. Francis Joseph was the typical representative of the aristocracy. Personally, he did his duty conscientiously and was not corrupt, but progressive ideas and scientific thought were alien to him. From his desk he treated Boltzmann benevolently, but he had no wish to meet personally the greatest mind of the Empire or in any respect to ask his views. Another famous subject of the Emperor, Albert Einstein, was apparently ignored altogether. The structural weakness of Austria, due to the national problems, led to immobilism in her scientific life, but also, up to a point, to tolerance. The impression of Victor Adler on Einstein is considered in this historical context. (author) [de

  14. Ludwig Boltzmann, Albert Einstein and Franz Joseph; Ludwig Boltzmann, Albert Einstein und Franz Joseph

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Broda, E.

    1983-07-01

    Under the Emperor Francis Joseph (1848-1916) the natural sciences were less weIl supported in Austria than in other countries of Europe. This is explained by the fact that the German speaking middle classes accepted the preeminence of the feudal forces with their antiscientific attitude. The reason for this readiness to subordination was that those middle classes feIt threatened in their relatively favourable situation by Slavs and Latins. Francis Joseph was the typical representative of the aristocracy. Personally, he did his duty conscientiously and was not corrupt, but progressive ideas and scientific thought were alien to him. From his desk he treated Boltzmann benevolently, but he had no wish to meet personally the greatest mind of the Empire or in any respect to ask his views. Another famous subject of the Emperor, Albert Einstein, was apparently ignored altogether. The structural weakness of Austria, due to the national problems, led to immobilism in her scientific life, but also, up to a point, to tolerance. The impression of Victor Adler on Einstein is considered in this historical context. (author) [German] Die Naturwissenschaften wurden in Österreich unter Franz Joseph (1848-1916) weniger gefördert als in anderen Staaten Europas. Dies wird darauf zurückgeführt, daß das deutschsprechende Bürgertum sich mit der Vorherrschaft der feudalen Kräfte abfand, die nicht wissenschafts-freundlich waren. Für die Bereitschaft zur Unterordnung unter die Feudalen war maßgebend, daß das deutschsprechende Bürgertum sich durch Slawen und Romanen in seiner relativen Vorzugsstellung bedroht sah. Franz Joseph war der typische Repräsentant des konservativen Feudalismus. Er war persönlich pflichtbewußt und integer, doch waren ihm fortschrittliche Gedanken und wissenschaftliche Denkweise fremd. Boltzmann behandelte er von seinem Schreibtisch aus wohlwollend, doch hegte er keinen Wunsch, den größten Geist seines Reiches persönlich kennen zu lernen oder ihn in irgendeiner Hinsicht um seine Meinung zu fragen. Von seinem Untertanen Albert Einstein, damals schon sehr berühmt, nahm Franz Joseph offenbar überhaupt kaum Notiz. Die Strukturschwäche Österreichs, die durch die nationalen Probleme bedingt war, führte in seinem wissenschaftlichen Leben zu Immobilismus, aber auch bis zu einem gewissen Grade zu Toleranz. Die Eindrücke Einsteins bei Victor Adler werden in den historischen Zusammenhang gesetzt. (author)

  15. "Fidelio" suurlavastuses astub lavale Ludwig van Beethoven ise / Andres Laasik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laasik, Andres, 1960-2016

    2007-01-01

    26. augustil Viinistus esietenduvast Nargen Opera egiidi all valmivast ooperist "Fidelio", lavastaja Liis Kolle. Ooperi autorit kehastavad Peeter Oja, Tarmo Leinatamm, Hannes Võrno. Muusikaline juht Tõnu Kaljuste

  16. ORIGINAL ARTICLE Ludwig's Angina: An Analysis of Sixteen Cases ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Ogunbodede

    African Journal of oral Health. Volume 2 ... Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculty of Dentistry, Obafemi Awolwo ... Microbiological investigations showed a polymicrobial nature of the ... cause and duration of infection, clinical.

  17. Ludwig Prandtl and Boundary Layers in Fluid Flow

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    His research is ... research in fluid mechan- ... For common fluids the viscous force is proportional to .... that the analogy is only a very crude, qualitative one. ..... separation is turbulent and the fluid in the wake is nearly stagnant. Method of.

  18. Max Karl Ernst Ludwig Planck (1858-1947

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robitaille P.-M.

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available October 4th, 2007 marks the 60th anniversary of Planck’s death. Planck was not only the father of Quantum Theory. He was also a man of profound moral and ethical values, with far reaching philosophical views. Though he lived a life of public acclaim for his discovery of the Blackbody radiation formula which bares his name, his personal life was beset with tragedy. Yet, Planck never lost his deep faith and belief in a personal God. He was admired by Einstein, not so much for his contributions to physics, but rather, for the ideals which he embodied as a person. In this work, a brief synopsis is provided on Planck, his life, and his philosophical writings. It is hoped that this will serve as an invitation to revisit the philosophical works of the man who, more than any other, helped set the course of early 20th century physics.

  19. How would Ludwig Wittgenstein have performed in the current ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    South African Journal of Higher Education. Journal Home · ABOUT THIS JOURNAL · Advanced Search · Current Issue · Archives · Journal Home > Vol 23, No 4 (2009) >. Log in or Register to get access to full text downloads.

  20. Iraagi sõjas on USA sõduritele suurim oht keemia- ja biorelv / Markus Larsson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Larsson, Markus

    2003-01-01

    Kuveidis viibiv keemiarelva avastamise lahingüksus on valvel võimalikeks Iraagi ennetusrünnakuteks Kuwait City või riigis paiknevate USA sõjaväebaaside vastu. Skeem: Kaitseriietus keemiarelva vastu

  1. Markus 1:4 in die Nuwe Aftikaanse Vertaling | Thom | HTS ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... forgiveness and sins) which is foreign to many modern languages. In this paper the way the New Afrikaans Bible translates these words is analysed and evaluated. It is concluded that the New Afrikaans Bible's (1983) translation of this verse has been influenced by dogmatic concerns rather than linguistic considerations.

  2. Levitikus as agtergrond van Markus 5:25–34, geïnterpreteer in terme ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2 Feb 2011 ... is nie onrein nie, want dit is normaal dat daar mis sal wees daar waar koeie beweeg; dit is dus in plek. Wanneer hierdie ... mis voor in die huis, 'n plek voor waar dit nie hoort nie en dan is dit onrein. Onreinheid verwys ..... die shalom kan ervaar wat haar so lank ontneem was. kai. i;sqi u`gih.j avpo. th/j ma ...

  3. Die ideologíese funksie van niimte in die Markus-vertelling: 'n ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    made that the 'way' (from Galilee to Jerusalem) must be seen as the ...... genoemde label is dit duidelik dat waar aan die een kant Galileo en Jerusalem onderskeidelik ...... Social-scientific criticism of the New Testament: More on methods and ...

  4. Eesti-Läti orienteerumisliiga kaardistajate seminar Kanepis / koostanud Markus Puusepp

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2010-01-01

    Projekti teisest kaardistajate seminarist, mis toimus 30.-31. oktoobril Põlvamaal Kanepis. Vaata ka http://spordilinn.blogspot.com/2010/11/eesti-vs-lati-moned-motted.html ja http://orienteerumine.ee/estlat/seminarid/

  5. Benaderings tot die interpretasie van die wonderverhale in Markus 8-10

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. J. van Wyk

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Approaches to the interpretation of miracle stories in Mark 8-10 Research on the miracle stories in Mark 8-10 and their role in this Gospel is discussed. The mythological, religious-historical, form-historical, Biblical-theological, redaction-historical, socio- logical, literary-critical, the research of Van der Loos and Brown, salvation-historical and revelation-historical research are discussed. Research shows that the kingdom of God, a paradoxal Christology and discipleship play an important role in the miracles and miracle stories in the Gospel of Mark. Miracles form an integral part of the gospel and ministry of Jesus. They serve to support the teaching of Jesus.

  6. Levitikus as agtergrond van Markus 5:25–34, geïnterpreteer in terme ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This article investigated whether Mark 5:25–34 proposes a radical discontinuity with the Jewish purity codes and subsequently, holds drastic liberating implications for women as far as access to the temple is concerned and more existentially speaking, access to Yahweh. It determined whether Leviticus speaks about ...

  7. Jesus en geweld: Markus 12:1-12 (en par) en Thomas 65 | van Eck ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Jesus and violence: Mark 12:1-12 (and par) and. Thomas 65. As an advanced agrarian (aristocratic) society, first-century Palestine's social fabric was built on systemic tensions and conflicts between the elite (rulers) and the peasantry (the ruled). At the root of these conflicts were incompatible values (ideologies) and

  8. The deadly perception of the witness: focalization in Markus Zusak’s The Book Thief

    OpenAIRE

    Oliveira, Débora Almeida de; Maggio, Sandra Sirangelo

    2017-01-01

    http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/2175-8026.2017v70n1p135For a better understanding of a given narrative it is essential to be aware of the one who perceives (the focalizer). His beliefs and comprehension determine which characters and circumstances are to be ignored or closely examined through his use of sight, hearing, feeling, taste or smell. Therefore, the issue concerning focalization is relevant to be taken into consideration when a literary work is analyzed. In the present article the work by ...

  9. The deadly perception of the witness: focalization in Markus Zusak’s The Book Thief

    OpenAIRE

    Débora Almeida de Oliveira; Sandra Sirangelo Maggio

    2017-01-01

    http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/2175-8026.2017v70n1p135 For a better understanding of a given narrative it is essential to be aware of the one who perceives (the focalizer). His beliefs and comprehension determine which characters and circumstances are to be ignored or closely examined through his use of sight, hearing, feeling, taste or smell. Therefore, the issue concerning focalization is relevant to be taken into consideration when a literary work is analyzed. In the present article the wor...

  10. Markus 16:1-8 in die konteks van 'n konstniksie van die Markaanse ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Gager notes that a sociological approach to early Christianity takes what redaction ...... die Markaanse ervaring die ander kant van die saak nie so 'getrou' weerspieel nie. Markaansc .... insider's knowledge of the apocalyptic code is bound to conclude that Mark and his ..... The ethics of Mark's gospel: In the middle of time.

  11. Tehissüda päästis surija elu / Markus Larsson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Larsson, Markus

    2001-01-01

    Esimese täielikult inimkehasse opereeritava alalise kunstliku plastmassist ja titaanist asendussüdame sai mees, kelle nime ja päritolu ei avalikustata, üleeile Kentuky osariigis Louisvilles Jewish Hospitalis

  12. Markus 16:1-8 in die konteks van 'n konstniksie van die Markaanse ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Time and place, intra-, inter-, and extra- community relations are in turn considered in theses. Expositions of pro and contra arguments for the theses emphasise the relativity of the proposed construction. In the second part of the article an attempt is made to understand Mark 16:1-8 in the imagined community context.

  13. "Der Schlüssel liegt in der Hand der Russen" / Toomas Hendrik Ilves ; interv. Markus Bernath

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilves, Toomas Hendrik, 1953-

    2009-01-01

    President Toomas Hendrik Ilves räägib NATO missioonist Afganistanis, NATO suhetest Venemaaga, Gruusia ja Ukraina liitumisest NATOga, Euroopa Liidu idasuunalisest partnerlusest ja kritiseerib Venemaa nõudmist luua Euroopas uus julgeolekuarhitektuur

  14. Mõned korrakaitseseadusega kaasnenud muudatused kriminaalmenetluses : järelevalve- ja süüteomenetluse piiritlemisprobleem / Markus Kärner

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kärner, Markus

    2014-01-01

    Isikusamasuse tuvastamine, vahetu sund ja valdaja tahte vastane sisenemine enne ja pärast 1. juulil 2014 jõustunud korrakaitseseadust. Riigikohtu praktikast. Artikkel põhineb osaliselt Tartu Ülikooli õigusteaduskonnas 2014. a kevadel kaitstud magistritööl "Isiku kinnipidamine süüteomenetluses ning selle piiritlemine teistest isiku- või liikumisvabadust piiravatest toimingutest"

  15. [Kriegsland im Osten Eroberung, Kolonisierung und Militärherrschaft im Ersten Weltkrieg] / Markus Pöhlmann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pöhlmann, Markus

    2003-01-01

    Rets.: Vejas Gabriel Liulevicius. Kriegsland im Osten Eroberung, Kolonisierung und Militärherrschaft im Ersten Weltkrieg. Aus dem Amerikanischen von Jürgen Bauer, Edith Nerke und Fee Engemann. Hamburg : 2002

  16. Kuidas illegaalina USA-sse pääseda? Rio Grande ja Arizona tapvad kõrbed / Markus Larsson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Larsson, Markus

    2004-01-01

    Ameerika Ühendriikide ja Mehhiko raskesti kontrollitaval piiril peavad valvet vabatahtlikud ameeriklastest farmiomanikud ning immigratsiooni piiramist nõudvad kodanikud, kuid on ka neid vabatahtlikke, kelle eesmärk on aidata kõrbes hätta sattunud illegaale

  17. „EU”: short for „ethical” union? The role of ethics in European Union law / Markus Frischhut

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Frischhut, Markus

    2015-01-01

    Eetika ja moraali põhimõtetest ELi esmases ja teiseses õiguses ning institutsioonide tegevuses; Euroopa Kohtu praktikast ning Teaduse ja uute tehnoloogiate eetika Euroopa töörühma (EGE) hinnangutest

  18. A primazia da natureza ante o espírito em Ludwig Feuerbach The primacy of nature against the spirit in Ludwig Feuerbach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo Ferreira Chagas

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo pretende destacar a tese de que a natureza para Feuerbach é um existente autônomo e independente e possui primazia ante o espírito. Para ele, a natureza material, que existe, em sua diferencialidade qualitativa, independente do pensar, é diante do espírito o original, o fundamento não deduzível, imediato, não criado, de toda existência real, que existe e consiste por si mesmo. Feuerbach opõe a natureza ao espírito, pois ele a entende não como um puro outro, que só por meio do espírito foi posto como natureza, mas como o primeiro, a realidade objetiva, material, que existe fora do entendimento e é dada ao homem, por meio de seus sentidos, como fundamento e essência de sua vida. Trata-se, pois, primeiro daquela essência (luz, ar, água, fogo, plantas, animais etc. sem a qual o homem não pode nem ser pensado nem existir. A natureza é, para Feuerbach, a pluralidade de todos os objetos e essências que realmente são. Sob esta condição, é possível conceber a natureza como a garantia da exterioridade mesma, como que um existente fora de nós, que nada sabe de si e é em si e por si mesmo; por conseguinte, ela não deve ser vista como aquilo que ela não é, isto é, nem como divina, nem como humana. A natureza sempre existiu, quer dizer, ela existe por si e tem seu sentido apenas em si mesma; ela é ela mesma, ou seja, nenhuma essência mística, pois, por trás dela, não se esconde nenhum absoluto, nada humano, nada divino, transcendental ou ideal.This article tries to delineate the proposition that to Feuerbach nature is an autonomous and independent being that comes first in comparison to the spirit. To him, material nature, that exists in its qualitative differentness, independent from thinking, is the original source, the immediate, not deductible, uncreated fundament of all real existence, that exists and consists in itself, when put vis-à-vis the spirit. Feuerbach sets nature against the spirit, for it is his understanding that nature is not a pure other that only through the spirit was set as nature, but as the first source, the objective material reality that exists outside reason and is given to man by means of his senses as fundament and essence of his life. Therefore, one is dealing first with that essence (light, air, water, fire, plants, animals etc. without which man does not exist or could be thought of as existing. To Feuerbach nature is all objects and essences put together. Under this condition it is possible to conceive nature as guarantor of externality itself as if it could exist independently from us, an entity that is unaware of itself and which exists in itself and by itself; for this reason it shall not be seen as something which it is not, i.e., neither divine nor human. Nature always existed, i.e., it exists in itself and has only meaning in itself; it is itself, i.e., it has no mystical essence, it does not hide behind it any absolute being whether human, divine, transcendental or ideal.

  19. The 50{sup th} anniversary of the N.S. Otto Hahn. When nuclear power said 'Ahoy'; Als die Kernenergie 'Ahoi' rief. NS Otto Hahn. Nuklearbetriebenes Forschungs- und Frachtschiff

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Reinartz, Jerome [atw-Redaktion, Hattingen (Germany)

    2013-11-15

    In September 1963 the construction of the only German nuclear ship to date, NS Otto Hahn, started in Kiel. For the 50{sup th} anniversary, atw remembers an important part of nuclear technology history in Germany: The research and freight ship shows one thing above all in retrospect: The technology ran reliably. But cost pressure and reservations shattered the dream of a nuclear power shipping era. Until it was decommissioned in 1979 the ship travelled a total of 650,000 sea miles and called at 33 harbours in 22 countries. On the research level, the 'Otto Hahn' could satisfy expectations, however, it could not ring in an era of nuclear shipping - the atomic boat could never cover its operating costs with its freight trips and permission to call at foreign ports were rare. However, on the one hand, the ship's journeys, sometimes under hard weather conditions, demonstrated just how robust and durable the 'progressive pressurized water reactor' on board was, on the other hand, the 'Otto Hahn' had by all means been a prototype which under other market conditions could have been a model for nuclear container ships. In any case, it proved the performance capacity of the then still young German and European nuclear technology industry, that did not need to hide behind the Russian and American competition. (orig.)

  20. [Remember, Avert, Prevent: Franz Ludwig Berthold Kihn--A Typology of "Euthanasia"].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Braun, B; Frewer, A; Kornhuber, J

    2015-11-01

    The current debate on assisted suicide provides the occasion for calling to mind the role of Berthold Kihn as a psychiatrist under National Socialism. With a historical presentation of a typology of euthanasia, the Academic Psychiatry of Erlangen together with the Medical Ethics would like to sensitize discussions on assisted suicide by drawing attention to the start and end of Kihn's scientific career. Relevant archive material, primary and secondary literature were analyzed and evaluated. As Assistant and Senior Physician at the Psychiatric and Neurological Hospital of the University of Erlangen, Kihn lectured on "the elimination of the inferiors". As Director of the Psychiatric and Neurological Hospital of Jena University, Kihn selected psychiatric patients to be murdered under the "T4 action". Kihn participated in drafting a "Euthanasia Law". Despite his involvement in the murder of mentally ill, Kihn returned to Erlangen as a "Soviet Zone refugee", where a Denazification Court considered him a "hanger-on". Kihn was reintegrated in the academic faculty of the Friedrich-Alexander-University and headed a private clinic. On 21.01.1963, the State's Attorney Nuremberg-Fuerth dropped the criminal procedure against Kihn--officially due to a lack of proof of punishable guilt. An appropriate medical historical contextualization can represent an important condition for an adequate medical ethical debate on physician-assisted suicide and the involvement of psychiatrists. FINAL COMMENT: The analysis of Kihn's patterns of thought and argumentation can help sensitize those involved in debates on physician-assisted suicide and highlights the critical role of psychiatry as a discipline in this context. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  1. Existential analysis and psychoanalysis: specific differences and personal relationship between Ludwig Binswanger and Sigmund Freud.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bühler, Karl-Ernst

    2004-01-01

    The concise curriculum vitae of the founder of existential analysis is followed by an exact comparison of the polarity (homo natura versus homo cultura) between Binswanger and Freud. Then the five stages in the development of (Existential Daseinsanalysis Analysis) are described: the stage of learning, of practice, of criticism, of the alternative to psychoanalysis, and of reconciliation. The criticism is aimed especially at Freud's naturalism and at the concept of drive. These concepts are opposed by ontoanalytic doctrines derived from Heidegger's ontoanalysis. The differences are further exemplified by the comparison of the existentialanalytical and the psychoanalytical view of the unconscious. A presentation of the treatment of a "hysterical phobia," which is first explained in psychoanalytic terms and later in existentialanalytic terminology (mainly concerning the world-projects) makes the difference between the two schools of thought explicit.

  2. Dwie (antyfilozoficzne „gramatyki” Wittgensteina [Two (anti philosophical grammars of Ludwig Wittgenstein

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adam Nowaczyk

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Wittgenstein is the author of two conceptions of “grammar”, that were meant to be tools of reaching the same goal: discrediting of the traditional, i.e. “metaphysical” questions of philosophy. His early conception concerns logical grammar being the language of logic notation, which is devoid of logical constants. This idea was supported by the ontological thesis that there are no logical objects. In fact, it was not indispensable for achieving the intended purpose, since the elimination of philosophical problems was provided by the semantic argument that the only sensible statements are those of the natural sciences. The second concept of grammar, presented in the writings of the later Wittgenstein, seems more ambiguous. Grammar is a set of rules of the language game, having a status of grammatical statements. Examples of such statements are diverse, and desirable, according to the authors, reformulation of them all into concrete orders or prohibitions seems problematic. In the Investigations Wittgenstein distinguishes between deep and surface grammar, which serves to determine the proper task of philosophy as description of the deep grammar (especially the grammar of philosophically relevant words. In this sense New Philosophy is a kind of philosophical grammar. Wittgensteinian grammar is also anti-philosophical, as it aims at the elimination of erroneous (pseudometaphysical claims derived from misleading forms of surface grammar. Despite the differences in the concepts of language and grammar in the early and late Wittgenstein, he has not changed his critical approach to the traditional philosophical questions.

  3. Il concetto di medium artistico: Richard Wollheim interprete di Ludwig Wittgenstein

    OpenAIRE

    Maistrello, Andrea

    2016-01-01

    The aim of the dissertation is twofold: (i) analyzing the notion (well known by aestheticians, but not so intensively studied) of artistic medium; (ii) showing the relevance of such notion for aesthetics through the examination of some relevant aspects of Richard Wollheim’s philosophy of art, maybe the main figure in Anglo-American philosophy as for considering artistic medium central in art-theorizing. Artistic media, according to Wollheim, can develop only if properly connected to a cultura...

  4. The Jewish heritage of Ludwig Wittgenstein: its influence on his life and work.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abramovitch, Henry; Prince, Raymond

    2006-12-01

    This article discusses two aspects of Wittgenstein's Jewish heritage. First, we try to show that Wittgenstein was acutely aware of his own Jewish heritage and especially concerned about its potential influence on his work. Second, we suggest that the form of his work, specifically, his method of inquiry and the peculiar literary character of his work, bear a striking resemblance to that of Hebrew Talmud. Like other assimilated Jews of Central Europe, Wittgenstein may have been directly or indirectly exposed to Hebraic culture and Talmudic logic. An understanding of Wittgenstein's Jewish heritage provides an important and neglected perspective on his work.

  5. How Would Ludwig Wittgenstein Have Performed in the Current South African Higher Education System?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Le Grange, L.

    2009-01-01

    The pressure to perform has migrated from the corporate world into academe. Academics across the globe feel this pressure to perform, often expressed as "publish or perish". I reflect on the rising culture of performativity in recent decades and how it has penetrated South African universities. In doing so, I specifically look at the…

  6. Karl Marx, Ludwig Wittgenstein, and Black Underachievement in the United States and United Kingdom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tomlin, Carol; Wright, Cecile; Mocombe, Paul C.

    2013-01-01

    This article synthesizes Marxian conceptions of identity construction within capitalist relations of production with the Wittgensteinian notion of "language games" to offer a more appropriate relational framework within which scholars ought to understand the Black-White academic achievement gap in America, the United Kingdom, and…

  7. Star Formation Histories of Local Group Dwarf Galaxies. (Ludwig Biermann Award Lecture 1996)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grebel, E. K.

    The star formation histories of dwarf galaxies in the Local Group are reviewed. First the question of Local Group membership is considered based on various criteria. The properties of 31 (36) galaxies are consistent with likely (potential) Local Group membership. To study the star formation histories of these galaxies, a multi-parameter problem needs to be solved: Ages, metallicities, population fractions, and spatial variations must be determined, which depend crucially on the knowledge of reddening and distance. The basic methods for studying resolvable stellar populations are summarized. One method is demonstrated using the Fornax dwarf spheroidal galaxy. A comprehensive compilation of the star formation histories of dwarf irregulars, dwarf ellipticals, and dwarf spheroidals in the Local Group is presented and visualized through Hodge's population boxes. All galaxies appear to have differing fractions of old and intermediate-age populations, and those sufficiently massive and undisturbed to retain and recycle their gas are still forming stars today. Star formation has occurred either in distinct episodes or continuously over long periods of time. Metallicities and enrichment vary widely. Constraints on merger and remnant scenarios are discussed, and a unified picture based on the current knowledge is presented. Primary goals for future observations are: accurate age determinations based on turnoff photometry, detection of subpopulations distinct in age, metallicity, and/or spatial distribution; improved distances; and astrometric studies to derive orbits and constrain past and future interactions.

  8. Ernst Ludwig Kirchner´s "Negerplastik" and the mistake of Czech Cubists

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Winter, Tomáš

    2013-01-01

    Roč. 61, č. 4 (2013), s. 356-361 ISSN 0049-5123 Institutional support: RVO:68378033 Keywords : African sculpture * Czech cubism * Primitivism Subject RIV: AL - Art , Architecture, Cultural Heritage http://www.umeni- art .cz/cz/issue-detail.aspx?v=issue-issue-2131

  9. Management of Ludwig's Angina in Pregnancy: A Review of 10 Cases

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    had stab incisions, under local anesthesia, at the submandibular area bilaterally .... morbidity associated with the use of general anesthesia. We observed two ... trimester of pregnancy and procedures such as dental fillings and scaling and ...

  10. Levitikus as agtergrond van Markus 5:25–34, geïnterpreteer in terme van eer-en-skaamte

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elritia le Roux

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available This article investigated whether Mark 5:25–34 proposes a radical discontinuity with the Jewish purity codes and subsequently, holds drastic liberating implications for women as far as access to the temple is concerned and more existentially speaking, access to Yahweh. It determined whether Leviticus speaks about women in such an androcentric and exclusive manner and whether Jewish culture is indeed so discriminating. This article argued that Mark 5:25–34 does indeed radically turn the Jewish purity codes upside down and that the Jesus movement proclaims a drastic liberation for women from social marginalisation. However, the original meaning of the text in Leviticus should not be viewed so negatively. The dreadful consequences of the exile and the destruction of the temple lead to the idea amongst the orthodox rabbi’s that the purity codes should be maintained in a very strict way. These codes were thought to ensure that the holiness of Yahweh would manifest in the social sphere, the people of Yahweh would be blessed and a catastrophe of these immense proportions would be avoided in future. Unfortunately, this lead to the degeneration of the cult, that became exclusive as many people were deprived from the presence of Yahweh. The author of the Gospel according to Mark is reacting to this and clearly voices his criticism against this marginalisation.

  11. Meresõiduohutus, kontroll ja järelevalve : [bakalaureusetöö] / Margit Markus ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Tanel Kerikmäe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Markus, Margit

    1999-01-01

    Meresõiduohutus - mõisted ja määratlused, rahvusvahelised meresõiduohutust reguleerivad aktid (konventsioonid, SOLAS, MARPOL, LL, COLREG), meresõiduohutuse alane kontroll ja järelevalve, laevade klassifitseerimine ja klassifikatsiooniühingud, vastutus

  12. Warfarin-induced sublingual hematoma mimicking Ludwig angina: Conservative management of a potentially life-threatening condition.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Cashman, Emma

    2012-02-01

    Sublingual hematoma secondary to excessive anticoagulation is a rare, life-threatening condition. Reports in the literature have emphasized the importance of a prompt reversal of the causative coagulopathy by intravenous administration of vitamin K and fresh frozen plasma. In the event of an unstable airway, surgical intervention via tracheostomy or cricothyroidectomy is advocated. We report a case of sublingual hematoma that was treated conservatively, and we discuss the presentation and management of this entity.

  13. On the history of Ludwig von Bertalanffy's "General Systemology", and on its relationship to cybernetics - part III: convergences and divergences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drack, Manfred; Pouvreau, David

    2015-07-04

    Bertalanffy's so-called "general system theory" (GST) and cybernetics were and are often confused: this calls for clarification. In this article, Bertalanffy's conceptions and ideas are compared with those developed in cybernetics in order to investigate the differences and convergences. Bertalanffy was concerned with first order cybernetics. Nonetheless, his perspectivist epistemology is also relevant with regard to developments in second order cybernetics, and the latter is therefore also considered to some extent. W. Ross Ashby's important role as mediator between GST and cybernetics is analysed. The respective basic epistemological approaches, scientific approaches and inherent world views are discussed. We underline the complementarity of cybernetic and "organismic" trends in systems research within the unitary hermeneutical framework of "general systemology".

  14. Discovering the structure of nerve tissue: Part 3: From Jan Evangelista Purkyně to Ludwig Mauthner

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Chvátal, Alexandr

    2017-01-01

    Roč. 26, č. 1 (2017), s. 15-49 ISSN 0964-704X Institutional support: RVO:68378041 Keywords : brain * ganglia * fibers Subject RIV: AB - History OBOR OECD: History (history of science and technology to be 6.3, history of specific sciences to be under the respective headings) Impact factor: 0.633, year: 2016

  15. Arthur Schopenhauer e Ludwig van Beethoven: diálogos possíveis entre música e filosofia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raimundo Rajobac

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available

    No decorrer do trabalho, procuraremos evidenciar a posição de Schopenhauer sobre os conceitos de Representação e Vontade. Analisaremos sua estética observando a relação hierárquica existente entre as belas artes e a capacidade residente em cada arte de expressão da essência íntima do mundo, chegando à música, como arte que nos transmite o em-si do mundo. Partindo daí, tomaremos como referência o compositor clássico/romântico Beethoven e a “6ª Sinfonia em Fá Maior”, Op. 68-Pastoral, mais especificamente o IV movimento - Tempestade (Gewitter Sturm. Apontaremos, portanto, a ideia de que a obra de arte beethoveniana nos conduz ao que é nomeado por Schopenhauer como sentimento estético e que nos vem sempre através de uma intuição pura, devendo ser interpretado como um sentimento metafísico, uma vez que nele o intelecto atinge o nível de contemplação estética, o que implica o mergulho do sujeito cognoscente dentro do objeto conhecido, ao qual se funde.

  16. Warfarin-induced sublingual hematoma mimicking Ludwig angina: Conservative management of a potentially life-threatening condition.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Cashman, Emma

    2011-02-01

    Sublingual hematoma secondary to excessive anticoagulation is a rare, life-threatening condition. Reports in the literature have emphasized the importance of a prompt reversal of the causative coagulopathy by intravenous administration of vitamin K and fresh frozen plasma. In the event of an unstable airway, surgical intervention via tracheostomy or cricothyroidectomy is advocated. We report a case of sublingual hematoma that was treated conservatively, and we discuss the presentation and management of this entity.

  17. On the history of Ludwig von Bertalanffy's "General Systemology", and on its relationship to cybernetics - part III: convergences and divergences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drack, Manfred; Pouvreau, David

    2015-07-01

    Bertalanffy's so-called "general system theory" (GST) and cybernetics were and are often confused: this calls for clarification. In this article, Bertalanffy's conceptions and ideas are compared with those developed in cybernetics in order to investigate the differences and convergences. Bertalanffy was concerned with first order cybernetics. Nonetheless, his perspectivist epistemology is also relevant with regard to developments in second order cybernetics, and the latter is therefore also considered to some extent. W. Ross Ashby's important role as mediator between GST and cybernetics is analysed. The respective basic epistemological approaches, scientific approaches and inherent world views are discussed. We underline the complementarity of cybernetic and "organismic" trends in systems research within the unitary hermeneutical framework of "general systemology".

  18. Discovering the structure of nerve tissue: Part 3: From Jan Evangelista Purkyně to Ludwig Mauthner.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chvátal, Alexandr

    2017-01-01

    The previous works of Purkyně, Valentin, and Remak showed that the central and peripheral nervous systems contained not only nerve fibers but also cellular elements. The use of microscopes and new fixation techniques enabled them to accurately obtain data on the structure of nerve tissue and consequently in many European universities microscopes started to become widely used in histological and morphological studies. The present review summarizes important discoveries concerning the structure of neural tissue, mostly from vertebrates, during the period from 1838 to 1865. This review describes the discoveries of famous as well as less well-known scholars of the time, who contributed significantly to current understandings about the structure of neural tissue. The period is characterized by the first descriptions of different types of nerve cells and the first attempts of a cytoarchitectonic description of the spinal cord and brain. During the same time, the concept of a neuroglial tissue was introduced, first as a tissue for "gluing" nerve fibers, cells, and blood capillaries into one unit, but later some glial cells were described for the first time. Questions arose as to whether or not cells in ganglia and the central nervous system had the same morphological and functional properties, and whether nerve fibers and cell bodies were interconnected. Microscopic techniques started to be used for the examination of physiological as well as pathological nerve tissues. The overall state of knowledge was just a step away from the emergence of the concept of neurons and glial cells.

  19. The nuclear phase-out and its consequences; Der Atomausstieg und seine Folgen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ludwigs, Markus

    2016-07-01

    As a lesson from the Fukushima nuclear disaster, a radical change has taken place in climate and energy policy in Germany since 2011. This is characterized by the phase-out of the nuclear energy, which is fixed by the 13th Atomic Enforcement Act, by the end of 2022. This entails a multitude of complex legal questions and subsequent problems. The latest decisions are the forthcoming decisions of the BVerfG on the constitutional consistency of the nuclear phase-out law and nuclear fuel tax, Vattenfall's much discussed arbitration award before the ICSID arbitration court, and controversial legal questions both in the context of the decommissioning and dismantling of nuclear power plants and the disposal of highly radioactive waste. In addition, the moral-ethical evaluation of the nuclear phase-out and the power turn-around is the focus of the interdisciplinary approach. The problem clusters are analyzed by the contributions of the anthology. He documents a conference organized by Professor Dr. Markus Ludwig, which took place on April 8, 2016, at the University of Wuerzburg, within the framework of a project funded by the Fritz Thyssen Stiftung (''The Law of the Energy Transition''). [German] Als Lehre aus der Atomkatastrophe von Fukushima ist in Deutschland seit 2011 ein radikaler Wandel in der Klima- und Energiepolitik erfolgt. Praegend hierfuer ist der durch die 13. Atomgesetznovelle fixierte Ausstieg aus der Kernenergie bis Ende 2022. Damit verbunden ist eine Vielzahl komplexer Rechtsfragen und Folgeprobleme. Aktuelle Schlaglichter bilden die anstehenden Entscheidungen des BVerfG zur Verfassungskonformitaet von Atomausstiegsgesetz und Kernbrennstoffsteuer, die vieldiskutierte Schiedsklage von Vattenfall vor dem ICSID-Schiedsgericht sowie die kontroversen Rechtsfragen sowohl im Kontext der Stilllegung und des Rueckbaus von Kernkraftwerken als auch hinsichtlich der Endlagerung hochradioaktiver Abfaelle. Daneben steht in interdisziplinaerer

  20. High-precision R-branch transition frequencies in the ν2 fundamental band of H 3+ %A Perry, Adam J.; Hodges, James N.; Markus, Charles R.; Kocheril, G. Stephen; McCall, Benjamin J.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perry, Adam J.; Hodges, James N.; Markus, Charles R.; Kocheril, G. Stephen; McCall, Benjamin J.

    2015-11-01

    The H3+ molecular ion has served as a long-standing benchmark for state-of-the-art ab initio calculations of molecular potentials and variational calculations of rovibrational energy levels. However, the accuracy of such calculations would not have been confirmed if not for the wealth of spectroscopic data that has been made available for this molecule. Recently, a new high-precision ion spectroscopy technique was demonstrated by Hodges et al., which led to the first highly accurate and precise (∼MHz) H3+ transition frequencies. As an extension of this work, we present ten additional R-branch transitions measured to similar precision as a next step toward the ultimate goal of producing a comprehensive high-precision survey of this molecule, from which rovibrational energy levels can be calculated.

  1. The nuclear phase-out and its consequences

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ludwigs, Markus

    2016-01-01

    As a lesson from the Fukushima nuclear disaster, a radical change has taken place in climate and energy policy in Germany since 2011. This is characterized by the phase-out of the nuclear energy, which is fixed by the 13th Atomic Enforcement Act, by the end of 2022. This entails a multitude of complex legal questions and subsequent problems. The latest decisions are the forthcoming decisions of the BVerfG on the constitutional consistency of the nuclear phase-out law and nuclear fuel tax, Vattenfall's much discussed arbitration award before the ICSID arbitration court, and controversial legal questions both in the context of the decommissioning and dismantling of nuclear power plants and the disposal of highly radioactive waste. In addition, the moral-ethical evaluation of the nuclear phase-out and the power turn-around is the focus of the interdisciplinary approach. The problem clusters are analyzed by the contributions of the anthology. He documents a conference organized by Professor Dr. Markus Ludwig, which took place on April 8, 2016, at the University of Wuerzburg, within the framework of a project funded by the Fritz Thyssen Stiftung (''The Law of the Energy Transition''). [de

  2. On the history of Ludwig von Bertalanffy’s “General Systemology”, and on its relationship to cybernetics – part III: convergences and divergences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drack, Manfred; Pouvreau, David

    2015-01-01

    Bertalanffy’s so-called “general system theory” (GST) and cybernetics were and are often confused: this calls for clarification. In this article, Bertalanffy’s conceptions and ideas are compared with those developed in cybernetics in order to investigate the differences and convergences. Bertalanffy was concerned with first order cybernetics. Nonetheless, his perspectivist epistemology is also relevant with regard to developments in second order cybernetics, and the latter is therefore also considered to some extent. W. Ross Ashby’s important role as mediator between GST and cybernetics is analysed. The respective basic epistemological approaches, scientific approaches and inherent world views are discussed. We underline the complementarity of cybernetic and “organismic” trends in systems research within the unitary hermeneutical framework of “general systemology”. PMID:26612966

  3. Ladinia linguistica in una monumentale opera: Atlante linguistico del ladino dolomitico e dei dialetti limitrofi - ALD-1, Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, Wiesbaden 1998

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mitja Skubic

    2000-12-01

    Full Text Available L'apparizione dell'atlante linguistico di un territorio romanzo va salutata con gioia, come una festa della ricerca scientifica in tale settore. E il sentimenta di gioia ci pervade quando sfogliamo i primi quattro volumi, in folio, dell 'ALD. Non solo per la mole e l'ampia concezione dell'opera, ma altrettanto e più ancora per il ricco materiale che l' ALD offre. A tutta l' equipe scientifica guidata dal rinomato romanista salisburghese prof. Hans Goebl che assieme a Lois Craffonara é anche ideatore dell 'opera, nonché ai collaboratori e all'editore vadano i nostri sinceri ringraziamenti. Ci sia permesso di aggiungere che la nostra rivista si pregia d'aver potuto ospitare alcuni studi scientifici del prof. Goebl, come anche del suo stretto collaboratore prof. Roland Bauer.

  4. Count Nicolaus Ludwig Von Zinzendorf’s Theory for Missions Portrayed at Herrnhut and by Selected 18th-20th Century Moravian Missions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-01-01

    the progressive methods in advanced missions with churches, schools, gardens, vineyards and orchards, sheep herding, gristmill, cutlery, printing press...pear tree soon became gardens, orchards and vineyards . His success led to Dutch Church and Boer farmer insistence that he leave. Hoping to return, he

  5. Gundula Ludwig, Birgit Sauer, Stefanie Wöhl (Hg.: Staat und Geschlecht. Grundlagen und aktuelle Herausforderungen feministischer Staatstheorie. Baden-Baden: Nomos Verlag 2010.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stefan Schoppengerd

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Der Sammelband bietet einen Überblick zu Grundlagen und aktuellen Forschungsgebieten der feministischen Staatstheorie. Aufgezeigt werden wesentliche Analyseinstrumente, die sich aus der feministischen Kritik der Trennung von Öffentlichkeit und Privatheit sowie aus der Auseinandersetzung mit anderen herrschaftskritischen sozialwissenschaftlichen Theorieströmungen ergeben, und ihr Gebrauchswert für verschiedene politikwissenschaftliche Anwendungsgebiete.The collected volume offers an overview of the fundamentals of as well as the most recent research areas for feminist theory of government. It highlights the important analytical tools developed by the feminist critique of the division between public and private as well as by examinations from other social scientific theories also critical of governance. Finally, it points to their applicability to different areas within the political sciences.

  6. Ladinia linguistica in una monumentale opera: atlante lunguistico del ladino dolomitico e dei dialetti limitrofi - ald-1, Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, Wiesbaden 1998.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mitja Skubic

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available L'apparizione dell'atlante linguistico di un territorio romanzo va salutata con gioia, come una festa della ricerca scientifica in tale settore. E il sentimento di gioia ci pervade quando sfogliamo i primi quattro vol umi, in folio, deli' ALD. Non sol oper la mole e l'ampia concezione dell'opera, ma altrettanto e più ancora per il ricco materiale che l 'ALD offre. A tutta l' équipe scientifica guidata dal rinomato romanista salisburghese prof. Hans Goebl che assieme a Lois Craffonara e anche ideatore deli' opera, nonché ai collaboratori è all'editore vadano i nostri sinceri ringraziamenti. Ci sia permesso di aggiungere che la nostra rivista si pregia d'aver potuto ospitare alcuni studi scientifici del prof. Goebl, come anche del suo stretto collaboratore prof. Roland Bauer.

  7. "Intelligence and Civilisation": A Ludwig Mond Lecture Delivered at the University of Manchester on 23rd October 1936 by Godfrey H. Thomson. A Reprinting with Background and Commentary

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deary, Ian J.; Lawn, Martin; Brett, Caroline E.; Bartholomew, David J.

    2009-01-01

    Here we reprint, and provide background and a commentary on, a recently-rediscovered lecture by Godfrey H. Thomson entitled, "Intelligence and civilisation." It was delivered at the University of Manchester, UK, on 23rd October, 1936, printed in 1937 in the short-lived "Journal of the University of Manchester" and as a pamphlet…

  8. Energy-oriented modernisation of prefabricated residential buildings in East Germany, illustrated by the example of large-panel buildings at Weimar, Ludwig-Feuerbach-Str. 10-18; Energetische Sanierung des industriell errichteten Wohnungsbaus in den neuen Bundeslaendern am Beispiel der Grossblockbauweise in Weimar, Ludwig-Feuerbach-Str. 10 bis 18

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Reiss, J.; Erhorn, H. [Fraunhofer-Institut fuer Bauphysik, Stuttgart (Germany); Augner, R.; Warnstedt, K. [Weimarer Wohnstaette GmbH, Weimar (Germany); Nitschke, S.; Wenzel, P. [Architektengemeinschaft Nitschke-Donath, Weimar (Germany)

    1997-12-31

    The demonstration object with 40 residential units is described in the condition prior to its redevelopment. The parts of the redevelopment concept dealing with energy conservation and design are discussed in detail. Further, the execution of the construction work and the measurements necessary to make a thermal and energetic analysis of the building are described. In tabulated form, heat energy consumption quantities are listed as a function of space air temperature. Similarly, the cost of redevelopment and area-specific costs of the thermal insulation systems installed at the building are indicated. (MSK) [Deutsch] Das Demonstrationsobjekt mit 40 Wohnungen wird in seinem Zustand vor der Sanierung beschrieben. Die energetischen Massnahmen des Sanierungskonzepts sowie gestalterische Massnahmen werden naeher erlaeutert. Weiter werden die Bauausfuehrung und die fuer die thermische und energetische Gebaeudeanalyse notwendigen Messungen beschrieben. Tabellarische werden die Heizwaermeverbraeuche in Abhaengigkeit von der Raumlufttemperatur aufgezeigt. Ebenso sind die Kosten fuer die Sanierung sowie die flaechenspezifischen Kosten fuer die am Gebaeude ausgefuehrten Daemmsysteme aufgefuehrt.

  9. Assessing the Impact of Research: A Case Study of the LSAY Research Innovation and Expansion Fund. Longitudinal Surveys of Australian Youth. Occasional Paper

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hargreaves, Jo

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this project is to apply the framework developed by the National Centre for Vocational Education Research (NCVER) for measuring research impact to assess the outcomes of the research and activities funded under the Longitudinal Surveys of Australian Youth (LSAY) Research Innovation and Expansion Fund (RIEF). LSAY provides a rich…

  10. The Comorbidity between Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in Children and Arabic Speech Sound Disorder

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hariri, Ruaa Osama

    2016-01-01

    Children with Attention-Deficiency/Hyperactive Disorder (ADHD) often have co-existing learning disabilities and developmental weaknesses or delays in some areas including speech (Rief, 2005). Seeing that phonological disorders include articulation errors and other forms of speech disorders, studies pertaining to children with ADHD symptoms who…

  11. Effects of an Uncertain Literature on All Facets of Clinical Decision Making

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sammons, Morgan T.; Newman, Russ

    2010-01-01

    Greenberg (2010) is correct in his assertion that the investigational heuristic used to measure the efficacy of antidepressants is flawed. Robust placebo effects are endemic in the psychiatric literature, particularly in studies of antidepressants, and estimates of placebo responding have increased over time (Rief et al., 2009). In the case of…

  12. Marxova filosofická antropologie

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Landa, Ivan

    2015-01-01

    Roč. 63, č. 3 (2015), s. 339-355 ISSN 0015-1831 Institutional support: RVO:67985955 Keywords : Karl Marx * Ludwig Feuerbach * Ludwig Wittgenstein * human nature * anthropological difference * species being * life form * alienation Subject RIV: AA - Philosophy ; Religion

  13. KONSEP RUANG TERBUKA PUBLIK MAHASISWA SEBAGAI PENGHUBUNG ANTAR UNIT DI UNIVERSITAS TANJUNGPURA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yudi Purnomo

    2014-01-01

    Zahnd, Markus. 2009.  Pendekatan dalam Perancangan Arsitektur: Metode untuk Menganalisis dan Merancang Arsitektur secara Efektif.Penerbit Kanisius, Semarang: Soegijapranata University Press, Yogyakarta

  14. Fulltext PDF

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Admin

    T h is article p resen ts a b rief accou n t of th e origin of the m odern concept of force-m atter interac- tio n a n d th e tra n sito ry co n cep ts. .... to explain the observation w ith his `physics',K epler assum ed the area law as an approxim ation for ...

  15. Journal of Biosciences | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    2004-10-27

    Oct 27, 2004 ... Heat stress response in plants: a complex game with chaperones and more than twenty heat stress transcription factors. Sanjeev Kumar Baniwal Kapil Bharti Kwan Yu Chan Markus Fauth Arnab Ganguli Sachin Kotak Shravan Kumar Mishra Lutz Nover Markus Port Klaus-Dieter Scharf Joanna Tripp ...

  16. Data For: Heading Through A Crowd

    OpenAIRE

    Riddell, Hugh; Lappe, Markus

    2018-01-01

    Data and analysis scripts to accompany the article "Heading Through A Crowd" by Dr. Hugh Riddell and Prof. Dr. Markus Lappe. All analysis scripts are in SPSS format. Data has been provided in SPSS and .txt formats. Any correspondence should be addressed to Prof. Dr. Markus Lappe.

  17. Attention to Context: U.S. and Japanese Children's Emotional Judgments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuwabara, Megumi; Son, Ji Y.; Smith, Linda B.

    2011-01-01

    A growing number of studies suggests cultural differences in the attention and evaluation of information in adults (Hedden, Ketay, Aron, Markus, & Gabrieli, 2008; Markus & Kitayama, 1991; Masuda & Nisbett, 2001). One cultural comparison, between Westerners, such as Americans, and Easterners, such as the Japanese, suggests that…

  18. Journal of Biosciences | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Heat stress response in plants: a complex game with chaperones and more than twenty heat stress transcription factors · Sanjeev Kumar Baniwal Kapil Bharti Kwan Yu Chan Markus Fauth Arnab Ganguli Sachin Kotak Shravan Kumar Mishra Lutz Nover Markus Port Klaus-Dieter Scharf Joanna Tripp Christian Weber Dirk ...

  19. The Commanding Officer’s Perspective on Protecting Shipboard IT Networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-09-01

    38 John Markus and Paul J. DeLia, “Jamming,” AccessScience , accessed March 22, 2014, http://accessscience.com/content/Jamming/358300. 39 Sean M...www.infoworld.com/d/security-central/fbi-worried-DOD-sold-counterfeit- cisco-gear-266. Markus, John and Paul J. DeLia. “Jamming.” AccessScience

  20. A Fatal Fad? Tongue Studs Cause More Problems Than Chipped Teeth

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... a fatal infection, such as Ludwig's angina or endocarditis, according to a report in the May/June 2004 issue of General Dentistry , the Academy of General Dentistry's (AGD) clinical, peer-reviewed journal. Ludwig's angina, a bacterial infection of the floor of the mouth, occurs ...

  1. Culture as a monastic rule

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Albinus, Lars

    2018-01-01

    A conference paper about Peter Sloterdijk's erratic interpretation of the philosophy of Ludwig Wittgenstein as an example of cultural elitism.......A conference paper about Peter Sloterdijk's erratic interpretation of the philosophy of Ludwig Wittgenstein as an example of cultural elitism....

  2. Modeling Trans-Scale Social Processes

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-01

    community as an ecology of games • Ludwig Wittgenstein , 1958 – Philosophical investigations • Harold Garfinkel, 1963 – A concept of, and experiments with...and realize qualitative game insights Multigame interactions Ludwig Wittgenstein . Family Resemblances among Games • Consider the proceedings

  3. Prada postulaat = Prada Postulate / Martin Melioranski

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Melioranski, Martin

    2002-01-01

    Hollandi arhitektide Rem Koolhaasi ja Ole Scheereni (Office for Metropolitan Architecture) projekteeritud Prada kauplusest SoHos New Yorgis. Infotehnoloogia: R. Koolhaas ja Markus Schaefer (AMO-Information technology). 13 ill.

  4. Stiilne kahetoaline stuudiokorter / Sanna Vatanen

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vatanen, Sanna

    2007-01-01

    Infoturvajuhi Markus Porvari renoveeritud korter (71 m2) Helsingi kesklinnas 1925. a. ehitatud majas. Korteris on tipptasemel HI-FI tehnika. Vannitoa, sauna ja tualettruumi kavandas Jukka Airas firmast Airas Design. 7. värv. vaadet

  5. Advances in ontologies, proceedings of the Australasian ontology workshop, Melbourne, Australia

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Meyer, T (ed)

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Iannella Ken Kaneiwa C. Maria Keet Kevin Lee Laurent Lefort Constantine Mantratzis Lars Moench Deshendran Moodley Mehmet Orgun Maurice Pagnucco Debbie Richards Rolf Schwitter Murat Sensoy Barry Smith Markus Stumptner Boontawee...

  6. African Zoology - Vol 4, No 1 (1969)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The haematoza of South African birds. III. The carmine bee-eater Merops Nubicoides Des Murs and Pucheran · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. JH Oosthuizen, MB Markus ...

  7. Twilio Eesti büroo = Offices of Twilio Estonia / Katrin Kaevats ; kommenteerinud Ann Koljang

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaevats, Katrin, 1980-

    2016-01-01

    Rahvusvahelise ettevõtte Twilio Eesti büroo Tallinnas, Veerenni tn. 24. Sisekujunduse autorid Katrin Kaevats, Jaan Port, Markus Nimik, Neeme Tiimus, Anna Nikland. Büroohoone projekteerisid PIN Arhitektid

  8. Hea nali võib peituda raamatus / Gert Kiiler

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kiiler, Gert

    2007-01-01

    Arvustus: Leer, Jaak. Savumees Einaril on kogu aeg buss katki. Tallinn : Jutulind, 2006 ; Huber, Markus, Treichler, Robert. Keegi pole nii vinge kui meie : uimased britid, tobedad sakslased, pinges prantslased ja veel 36 lootusetut juhtumit. Tallinn : Olion, 2006

  9. Plaadid / Priit Juurmann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Juurmann, Priit

    2006-01-01

    Uutest heliplaatidest Markus Enochson "Night Games ئ In Steps And Sequences", Up Hygh "The Venus Album", Oasis "Stop the Clock", The Who "Endless Wire", Ray Lamantagne "Trouble", Take That "Beautiful World", Danolo Venturi "La Perla: Noir"

  10. Pärnu Keskraamatukogu = Pärnu Central Library / Margit Mutso

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mutso, Margit, 1966-

    2009-01-01

    Raamatukoguhoone arhitektid Andres Ojari, Ilmar Valdur, Markus Kaasik, Kalle Komissarov ja Mihkel Tüür pälvisid Eesti Kultuurkapitali 2008. aasta peapreemia. Hoone arhitektuursest lahendusest, žürii hinnang hoonele

  11. Star Wars als bron van religie : Voorbeeld van een lessenserie in bovenbouw havo/vwo

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ouden, den J.A.J.; Davidsen, M.A.

    2017-01-01

    Voorbeeldlessen bij Davidsen, Markus Altena & Jeannette den Ouden (2016), “Star Wars in het religieonderwijs: Religiekunde in de lespraktijk I”, Narthex: tijdschrift voor levensbeschouwing en educatie 16(2), 64-71.

  12. Vana hea arhitektuur : Villa-V Nõmmel = Good Old Architecture : Villa-V in Nõmme / Siiri Vallner

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vallner, Siiri, 1972-

    2001-01-01

    Projekteerija: arhitektibüroo Kolm Pluss Üks. Arhitektid Markus Kaasik, Andres Ojari, Ilmar Valdur. Projekt 1998, valmis 2001. 11 ill.: pindade diagramm, korruste plaanid, lõige, sise- ja välisvaated

  13. Aaviku Housing, Tallinn

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Arhitektibüroo Emil Urbel OÜ projekteeritud Tallinna Aaviku elamurajoon märgiti ära arhitektuurikonkursil "Parim Euroopas - värv". Eestist kuulus nominente esitanud žüriisse arhitekt Markus Kaasik

  14. Evident in Advance: the maze of translations / Merilin Talumaa, Marie Vellevoog

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Talumaa, Merilin, 1986-

    2013-01-01

    Dénes Farkasi projektist "Evident in Advance", mis esindab Eestit 55. Venezia biennaalil. Kuraaror Adam Budak, näituse arhitekt Markus Miessen, disainerid Grégory Ambos ja Zak Keys. Eesti paviljoni komissar Maria Arusoo

  15. « New Persian glosses in East Syriac texts of the eighth to tenth centuries », in : Ludwig Paul, ed., Persian origins: Early Judaeo-Persian and the emergence of New Persian: collected papers of the symposium, Göttingen 1999. Wiesbaden, Harrassowitz,

    OpenAIRE

    Rédaction,

    2007-01-01

    Study of twenty-five Persian glosses, including some hapax legomena, that are contained in three East-Syriac commentaries on the Pentateuch and show southwestern dialectal features contrasting with the northeastern ones of Classical New Persian in Arabic script.

  16. Die Umsetzung der Leitlinien für Fakultäts-interne Leistungsnachweise am Lehrbereich Allgemeimedizin der Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität (LMU München [Realisation of the guidelines for faculty-internal exams at the Department of General Medicine at the University of Munich

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Boeder, Niklas

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available [english] Graded exams are prerequisites for the admission to the medical state examination. Accordingly the exams must be of good quality in order to allow benchmarking with the faculty and between different universities. Criteria for good quality need to be considered - namely objectivity, validity and reliability. The guidelines for the processing of exams published by the GMA are supposed to help maintaining those criteria. In 2008 the Department of General Medicine at the University of Munich fulfils only 14 of 18 items. A review process, appropriate training of the staff and the introduction of the IMSm software were the main changes that helped to improve the ‘GMA-score’ to 30 fulfilled items. We see the introduction of the IMSm system as our biggest challenge ahead. IMSm helps to streamline the necessary workflow and improves their quality (e.g. by the detection of cueing, item analysis. Overall, we evaluate the steps to improve the exam process as very positive. We plan to engage co-workers outside the department to assist in the various review processes in the future. Furthermore we think it might be of value to get into contact with other departments and faculties to benefit from each other’s question pools.[german] Benotete Prüfungen sind Voraussetzung für die Zulassung zum zweiten Abschnitt der Ärztlichen Prüfung (Staatsexamen in der Medizin. Daraus lässt sich die Notwendigkeit ableiten, qualitativ hochwertige Prüfungen zu konzipieren, die einen Leistungsvergleich unter Absolventen einer Fakultät und darüber hinaus auch interfakultär erlauben. Hierbei sind Kernqualitätsmerkmale Objektivität, Validität und Reliabilität zu beachten. Die im Leitlinienkatalog der GMA genannten Kriterien sollen die Qualität der Prüfungen sicherstellen. Das Prüfungskonzept des Lehrbereichs Allgemeinmedizin an der LMU erreichte bei Betrachtung der MC-Klausur 2008 nur 14 von 48 möglichen Kriterien. Ein fest eingeplanter Review-Prozess, stetige Weiterbildung des Prüfungsverantwortlichen und die Einführung der Prüfungsverwaltungssoftware IMSm waren Kernpunkte der Veränderung. Heute liegen die Anzahl der erreichten GMA-Kriterien bei 30. Besonders die Einführung der Prüfungsverwaltungssoftware IMSm wurde als zukunftsweisend betrachtet. Die eingebauten Review-Elemente des Systems erleichtern die Etablierung dieser Prozesse und erhöhen die Qualität der Fragen (Item-Analyse, Erkennung von Cueing und weiteren Problemen im Review-Prozess. Die aktuellen Verbesserungsmaßnahmen sind im Sinne einer Qualitätssicherung der Prüfungen als sehr positiv zu bewerten. Es erscheint erstrebenswert, den Kontakt zu Prüfungsverantwortlichen anderer Fakultäten zu suchen, um durch Vernetzung der gegenseitigen Fragepools zu profitieren.

  17. Erfolgsfaktoren unternehmerischer Krisen-PR

    OpenAIRE

    Scharr, Florian

    2006-01-01

    Ob "Peanuts", "Elchtest" oder "Hoechst-Störfall" - bei diesen bekannten Öffentlichkeitskrisen der letzten Jahre rief die mangelhafte Krisen-PR der betroffenen Unternehmen bei Medien und Bevölkerung mehr Empörung hervor als die originären Auslöser und potenzierte so den entstandenen Vertrauensverlust. Auch die sich gerade erst entwickelnde PR-Forschung bietet noch keine konkrete Hilfestellung zur Gestaltung von Krisen-PR. Mit dem bedeutenden Diskurs- und dadurch Realitätsgestaltungsmittel Pres...

  18. Peter in the Gospel of Mark and in Early Christianity in Rome

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Willert, Niels

    1997-01-01

    Artiklen gennemgår Markusevangeliets portræt af apostlen Peter og drøfter spørgsmålet, hvorfor Peter er så negativt skildret hos Markus. Litterære og pædagogiske (indirekte formaning til datidens kristne) intentioner forklarer først og fremmest dette træk hos Markus. Men også historiske spørgsmål...

  19. Fiction and Religion: How Narratives About the Supernatural Inspire Religious Belief

    OpenAIRE

    Davidsen, M.A.

    2016-01-01

    Thematic issue on 'Fiction and Religion: How Narratives About the Supernatural Inspire Religious Belief', volume 46(4) of Religion. The thematic issue inclues the following articles: Davidsen, Markus Altena, "Fiction and Religion: How Narratives About the Supernatural Inspire Religious Belief – Introducing the Thematic Issue". Petersen, Anders Klostergaard, "The Difference Between Religious Narratives and Fictional Literature: A Matter of Degree Only". Davidsen, Markus Altena, "The Religious ...

  20. Millennial oscillations in greenland dust and Eurasian Aeolian records - a paleosol-loess perspective (Hans Oeschger Medal Lecture)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rousseau, Denis-Didier

    2017-04-01

    Greenland ice cores, and a critical study of their source variations, reconciles these records with those observed on the Eurasian continent. This allows demonstrating the link between European and Chinese loess sequences, dust records in Greenland, and variations of the North Atlantic sea ice extent. The sources of the emitted and transported dust material are variable and relate to different environments corresponding to present desert areas in Asia, but also hidden regions related to lower sea level stands, dry rivers, or zones close to the frontal moraines of the main Northern Hemisphere ice sheets in Europe. As a conclusion of this presentation, I address the short term past climatic changes as preserved in the continental eolian records, in line with the Hans Oeschger medal description. Furthermore one can anticipate such study to be at the origin of more sophisticated and elaborated investigations of millennial and sub-millennial continental climate variability on the Northern Hemisphere. The overview presented during this presentation would not have been possible without the help and close collaboration of many colleagues among whom are Niklas BOERS, Adriana SIMA, Anders SVENSSON, Matthias BIGLER, France LAGROIX, Samuel TAYLOR, Pierre ANTOINE, Christine HATTE, Michael GHIL, George KUKLA, Sigfus JOHNSEN, Markus FUCHS, Andreas LANG, Gilles BERGAMETTI, Beatrice MARTICORENA and Ludwig ZOELLER.

  1. EDITORIAL: From reciprocal space to real space in surface science From reciprocal space to real space in surface science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bartels, Ludwig; Ernst, Karl-Heinz

    2012-09-01

    Triest.let's finish—aus basta Some move atoms around to hear how they sound.Karl-Heinz Rieder, Erice, 6 April 1998 From reciprocal space to real space in surface science contents From reciprocal space to real space in surface scienceLudwig Bartels and Karl-Heinz Ernst Karl-Heinz Reider: the quiet pioneerGiorgio Benedek Scattering of CO and N2 molecules by a graphite surfaceJunepyo Oh, Takahiro Kondo, Keitaro Arakawa, Yoshihiko Saito, Junji Nakamura, W W Hayes and J R Manson Helium, neon and argon diffraction from Ru(0001)M Minniti, C Díaz, J L Fernández Cuñado, A Politano, D Maccariello, F Martín, D Farías and R Miranda Enhanced charge transfer in a monolayer of the organic charge transfer complex TTF-TNAP on Au(111)T R Umbach, I Fernandez-Torrente, J N Ladenthin, J I Pascual and K J Franke Extended pattern recognition scheme for self-learning kinetic Monte Carlo simulationsSyed Islamuddin Shah, Giridhar Nandipati, Abdelkader Kara and Talat S Rahman Acetylene on Cu(111): imaging a molecular surface arrangement with a constantly rearranging tipYeming Zhu, Jonathan Wyrick, Kamelia D Cohen, Katie Marie Magnone, Connor Holzke, Daniel Salib, Quan Ma, Dezheng Sun and Ludwig Bartels Coulomb attraction during the carpet growth mode of NaClFriederike Matthaei, Sarah Heidorn, Konrad Boom, Cord Bertram, Ali Safiei, Jörg Henzl and Karina Morgenstern Molecular self-assembly on an insulating surface: interplay between substrate templating and intermolecular interactionsMarkus Kittelmann, Philipp Rahe and Angelika Kühnle Vertical manipulation of native adatoms on the InAs(111)A surfaceJ Yang, C Nacci, J Martínez-Blanco, K Kanisawa and S Fölsch Charge transfer between isomer domains on n+-doped Si(111)-2 × 1: energetic stabilizationR M Feenstra, G Bussetti, B Bonanni, A Violante, C Goletti, P Chiaradia, M G Betti and C Mariani Probing the properties of metal-oxide interfaces: silica films on Mo and Ru supportsLeonid Lichtenstein, Markus Heyde, Stefan Ulrich, Niklas Nilius

  2. Coating with fungicide and different doses of fertilizer in vinhatico ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Lucas

    2016-09-21

    Sep 21, 2016 ... The treatments were: seed coating with sand + lime + fungicide with different doses of .... The index was calculated based on the formula of Maguire (1962). ..... Ludwig EJ, Nunes UR, Mertz LM, Silva JR, Nunes SCP (2014).

  3. Liberalismusest / Heido Vitsur

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vitsur, Heido, 1944-

    2008-01-01

    Liberalismist seoses eesti keeles ilmunud Ludwig von Misese raamatuga "Liberalism". Artikli autor oletab, et lähiaastail ei oota meid ees liberalismi positsioonide tugevnemine, vähemalt majanduses mitte

  4. Kas tehnika on tähtis? / Ingrid Sahk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sahk, Ingrid, 1976-

    2016-01-01

    Friedrich Ludwig von Maydelli Baltimaade ajaloopiltide graafikatehnilisest taustast: kas Maydell rakendas graafikaloomingus oforti või vasegravüüri, millised võimalused olid tal 19. sajandi alguses ja milline oli tema graafikaalane ettevalmistus

  5. Pompejanum Tartu Ülikooli Kunstimuuseumis : üks haruldane interjöörinäidis / Inge Kukk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kukk, Inge

    2003-01-01

    Pompeji stiilis 19. saj. ruumikujunduse parim näide Eestis. Antiikaja seinamaali motiivide kasutamisest. Töid alustati 1868. aastal. Tartu maalermeister F. Redlin, juhendas antiikarheoloog Ludwig Schwabe

  6. Moments in the Modern History of the Language Sciences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swales, John M.

    1999-01-01

    Discusses the beginning of the ascendancy of the language sciences in the past 50 years to become the "queen" of social studies. Focuses on contributions by Mikhail Bakhtin, Ludwig Wittgenstein, Noam Chomsky, Erving Goffman, and Michael Halliday. (SC)

  7. The Rudiments of Language.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Canfield, John V.

    1995-01-01

    Discusses the question of whether nonhuman species, such as apes, possess rudimentary language, focusing on the ideas of Ludwig Wittgenstein and Noam Chomsky in regard to the development of oral language in young children and apes. (51 references) (MDM)

  8. THE JU-LMU LINK FOR MEDICAL EDUCATION: EXCHANGING ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Anke Wanger, Minas Woldetsadik, Matthias Siebeck

    Jimma University (JU) in Ethiopia and Ludwig-Maximilians-University (LMU) in ... For the future we plan to integrate Ethiopian students coming to LMU ... travelling to Germany for becoming PBL tutors will participate in LMU's regular PBL-.

  9. Piccolo tänab suupilli leiutajat

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Suupilliklubi Piccolo kontserdist 17. juunil Pärnu Lastepargis, mis on pühendatud Saksa pillimeistrile Christian Friedrich Ludwig Buschmannile. Pärnu neljandast rahvusvahelisest suupillifestivalist "Baltic-Nordic Harmonica"

  10. Madkultur i skolen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brock, Steen; Christensen, Anne-Marie Søndergaard

    2016-01-01

    Artiklen belyser etiske problemstillinger omkrig dette at spise i skoletiden, på baggrund af Jürgen Habermas og Ludwig Wittgensteins respektive moralopfattelser. I særlig grad tematiseres forholdet mellem medborgerskab og verdensborgerskab, samt etikkens eksistentielle dimensioner...

  11. Fern- und Fehlzündungen. Bedenken zu Ingeborg Bachmanns Wittgenstein-Rezeption / Georg Gimpl

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Gimpl, Georg, 1949-

    2007-01-01

    Ettekanne Ingeborg Bachmanni 80. sünniaastapäevaks pühendatud rahvusvaheliselt konverentsilt Tartus 12.-13. aprillil 2006. aastal. Wittgensteini retseptsioonist Bachmanni loomingust Ludwig Wittgensteini "Loogilis-filosoofilise traktaadi" põhjal (Tartu : Ilmamaa, 1996)

  12. Sigtuna Think Piece 5

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    developed an approach inspired by the later works of Ludwig Wittgenstein ... A moral reaction is a personal, immediate, spontaneous emotional reaction that ... call rational ideas and thoughts about moral reactions, moral dilemmas or moral.

  13. Firiedrich Hübbe mõistatus / Mart Siilivask

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Siilivask, Mart, 1966-

    2013-01-01

    Tartus tegutsenud Friedrich Hübbest ja Tallinnas tegutsenud Friedrich Ludwig Theodor Hübbest. Tartus tegutsenud Friedrich Hübbe sai 1873. aastal raelt heakskiidu iseseisva ehitusettevõtte rajamiseks. 1877. aastal sai ta loa rajada Emajõe ja Kroonuaia tänava nurgakrundile aurusaeveski. See mees pole seotud Tallinna ehitusäriga. Tallinnas tegutses teine Mecklenburgist pärit ehitusmeister - Friedrich Ludwig Theodor Hübbe, kes asutas 1907. aastal Toompuiestee 10 oma ehitusettevõtte

  14. Wittgenstein mellem tro og tvivl

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rigtrup, Diana

    På baggrund af filosoffen Ludwig Wittgensteins (1889-1951) dagbogsoptagelser fra 1930-erne beskriver forfatteren hans tilgang til religionen, der synes at have befundet sig på et knivsæg mellem tro og tvivl......På baggrund af filosoffen Ludwig Wittgensteins (1889-1951) dagbogsoptagelser fra 1930-erne beskriver forfatteren hans tilgang til religionen, der synes at have befundet sig på et knivsæg mellem tro og tvivl...

  15. Multi-Locality Based Local and Symbiotic Computing for Interactively fast On-Demand Weather Forecasting for Small Regions, Short Durations, and Very High-Resolutions

    OpenAIRE

    Fjukstad, Bård

    2014-01-01

    Papers 1, 3 and 4 are not available in Munin: 1: Bård Fjukstad, Tor-Magne Stien Hagen, Daniel Stødle, Phuong Hoai Ha, John Markus Bjørndalen, and Otto Anshus: ‘Interactive Weather Simulation and Visualization on a Display Wall with Many-Core Compute Nodes’, in K. Jónasson (ed.): PARA 2010, Part I, LNCS 7133, pp. 142–151, 2012, © Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 3: Bård Fjukstad, John Markus Bjørndalen and Otto Anshus: ‘Accurate Weather Forecasting Through Locality Based Collaborative Computi...

  16. Technical presentation: Next Generation Oscilloscopes

    CERN Multimedia

    PH Department

    2011-01-01

      Rohde & Schwarz "Next Generation Oscilloscopes" - Introduction and Presentation Agenda: Wednesday 23 March  -  09:30 to 11:30 (open end) Bldg. 13-2-005 Language: English 09.30 Presentation "Next Generation Oscilloscopes" from Rohde & Schwarz RTO / RTM in theory and practice Gerard Walker 10.15 Technical design details from R&D Dr. Markus Freidhof 10.45 Scope and Probe Roadmap (confidential) Guido Schulze 11.00 Open Discussion Feedback, first impression, wishes, needs and requirements from CERN All 11.30 Expert Talks, Hands on All Mr. Dr. Markus Freidhof, Head of R&D Oscilloscopes, Rohde & Schwarz, Germany; Mr. Guido Schulze, ...

  17. Metformin Therapy for Fanconis Anemia

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-08-01

    AWARD NUMBER: W81XWH-16-1-0300 TITLE: Metformin Therapy for Fanconis Anemia PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR: Markus Grompe CONTRACTING ORGANIZATION... Anemia 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER W81XWH-16-1-0300 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR(S) Markus Grompe 5d. PROJECT NUMBER 5e. TASK...298 (Rev. 8-98) Prescribed by ANSI Std. Z39.18 This award pertains to the treatment of the inherited bone marrow failure syndrome Fanconi’s Anemia

  18. Delusional Ideation, Cognitive Processes and Crime Based Reasoning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilkinson, Dean J; Caulfield, Laura S

    2017-08-01

    Probabilistic reasoning biases have been widely associated with levels of delusional belief ideation (Galbraith, Manktelow, & Morris, 2010; Lincoln, Ziegler, Mehl, & Rief, 2010; Speechley, Whitman, & Woodward, 2010; White & Mansell, 2009), however, little research has focused on biases occurring during every day reasoning (Galbraith, Manktelow, & Morris, 2011), and moral and crime based reasoning (Wilkinson, Caulfield, & Jones, 2014; Wilkinson, Jones, & Caulfield, 2011). 235 participants were recruited across four experiments exploring crime based reasoning through different modalities and dual processing tasks. Study one explored delusional ideation when completing a visually presented crime based reasoning task. Study two explored the same task in an auditory presentation. Study three utilised a dual task paradigm to explore modality and executive functioning. Study four extended this paradigm to the auditory modality. The results indicated that modality and delusional ideation have a significant effect on individuals reasoning about violent and non-violent crime (p < .05), which could have implication for the presentation of evidence in applied setting such as the courtroom.

  19. When Diversity Training Isn’t Enough: The Case for Inclusive Leadership

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-06

    O’Reilly, 1992). Furthermore, demographic diversity (e.g., sex , gender, and age) has been associated with increased turnover, increased conflict...in the workplace. Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Research, 35, 469–487. Markus, H. R., Steele, C. M., & Steele, D. M. (2000). Colorblindness as a

  20. Stochastic Analysis and Applied Probability(3.3.1): Topics in the Theory and Applications of Stochastic Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-08-13

    Critical Catalyst Reactant Branching Processes with Controlled Immigration , Annals of Applied Probability (03 2012) Amarjit Budhiraja, Rami Atar ...Markus Fischer. Large Deviation Properties of Weakly Interacting Processes via Weak Convergence Methods, Annals of Probability (10 2010) Rami Atar ...Dimensional Forward-Backward Stochastic Differen- tial Equations and the KPZ Equation Electron. J. Probab., 19 (2014), no. 40, 121. [2] R. Atar and A

  1. Kalevipoeg ja Mumm-Summ VAT Teatri moodi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2003-01-01

    VAT Teatris esietendub 5. dets. M. Kampuse lavastatud jõuluetendus "Lihtsalt ... Mesilane" C. Vogli lugude "Väike mesilane Mumm-Summ" ainetel. VAT Teatri ja Markus Zohneri koostööprojektina esietendus 30. nov. Tallinna Linnateatris rahvuseepose "Kalevipoeg" motiividel loodud M. Zohneri lavaversioon

  2. Mormoonid võõrustavad olümpiat / Heiki Suurkask

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Suurkask, Heiki, 1972-

    2002-01-01

    Taliolümpiamängude linn Salt Lake City on pooleteise sajandiga kasvanud väikesest mormoonide asulast kümne miljoni mormooni maailmapealinnaks. Kaart : Utah osariik. Lisa : Markus Larsson. Toretsev, salapärane ja võimas usulahk

  3. Jalutades Koidula tänava aias = A walk on the grounds of the Koidula building / Veronique Faucheur

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Faucheur, Veronique

    2006-01-01

    Aed Tallinnas Koidula tänava korterelamu siseõues. Elamu projekteeris AB Kolm Pluss Üks. Autorid: Markus Kaasik, Andres Ojari, Ilmar Valdur. Aia projekt: atelier le balto. Aia autorid: Veronique Faucheur, Marc Pouzol. Projekt 2005, valmis 2006. Ill.: aia plaan, 6 vaadet

  4. Culture and Social Psychology: Converging Perspectives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dimaggio, Paul; Markus, Hazel Rose

    2010-01-01

    Views of culture in psychology and sociology have converged markedly in the past two decades. Both have rejected what Adams and Markus (2004) refer to as the "entity" conception of culture--the view that culture is coherent, stable, and located in the heads of collectivities' members--in favor of more supple and dynamic constructs. Culture, in…

  5. Dual Optical Comb LWIR Source and Sensor

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-10-12

    Justin M. Brown, Mark G. Allen Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) Pierre Jouy, Jérôme Faist Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH) Markus Geiser...Research, Development & Engineering Center Name of Contractor: Physical Sciences Inc. Principal Investigator: Dr. Joel M. Hensley Business...including the time for reviewing instructions, searching existing data sources, gathering and maintaining the data needed, and completing and

  6. Tartlased andsid oma panuse elamise kunsti / Krista Piirimäe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Piirimäe, Krista, 1946-

    2007-01-01

    Eesti Kunstnike Liidu aastanäitusest "Elamise kunst" Tallinna Kunstihoones. Pikemalt Ilmar Kruusamäe, Markus Kasemaa, Saskia Kasemaa, Andrus Kasemaa, Silver Vahtre, Anne Parmasto, Meiu Mündi, Tiiu Kirsipuu näitusel eksponeeritud töödest

  7. ON THE RESPONSE OF IMPACTING COMPLIANT FLEX RUN

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    user

    ON THE RESPONSE OF IMPACTING COMPLIANT FLEX RUN. T. T. Akano1,* and ... different from traditional rigid-body mechanisms which have rigid links ... components such as wings, fan blades and containment casings[6] ... Figure 2: Germany's Markus Rehm jumps at the Muller ... the principal stretches j as. , ,. [∑.

  8. Case note: CJEU (Synthetic marijuana not a "medicinal product")

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Luzak, J.

    2014-01-01

    Joined Cases C-358/13 and C-181/14, Markus D. and G. Substances which produce effects that merely modify physiological functions but which are not such as to have any beneficial effects, either immediately or in the long term, on human health, are consumed solely to induce a state of intoxication

  9. The World of Organic Agriculture – Statistics and Emerging Trends (Session at the BIOFACH 2015)

    OpenAIRE

    Arbenz, Markus; Willer, Helga; Lernoud, Julia; Huber, Beate; Amarjit, Sahota

    2015-01-01

    The World of Organic Agriculture – Statistics and Emerging Trends (Session at the BIOFACH 2015) Presentations - Introduction (Markus Arbenz) - Organic Agriculture Worldwide: Current Statistics (Helga Willer, Julia Lernoud) - The World of Organic Agriculture: Regulations and Certification Emerging Trends 2015 (Beate Huber, Christiane Mannigel) - Global survey on Voluntary Sustainability Standards (VSS) (Julia Lernoud, Helga Willer) - Global Organic Food & Drink: Market Update...

  10. Vastutada lustides ja vastupidi / interv. Eva-Liisa Linder

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Lavakunstikooli XXII lend räägib kooliajast, õpetajatest ja õppetööst. Kõnelevad Mihkel Kabel, Martin Kõiv, Risto Kübar, Lauri Lagle, Tõnn Lamp, Mari-Liis Lill, Markus Luik, Ragne Pekarev, Laura Peterson, Ursula Ratasepp, Inga Salurand, Veiko Tubin, Nero Urke, Britta Vahur ja Sergo Vares

  11. Pärnu raamatukogu = Pärnu Library

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2009-01-01

    Pärnu Keskraamatukogu hoonest, mille autorid on Markus Kaasik, Andres Ojari, Ilmar Valdur, Kalle Komissarov ja Mihkel Tüür, projekteerija Kolm Pluss Üks, konstruktor Pike. Projekt 2001, valmis: 1. etapp - 2003, 2. etapp - 2008. Lisa: Ehituslugu 1999-2009

  12. Cultural self-construals of Mexican, Spanish, and Danish college students: Beyond independent and interdependent self

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Santamaría, Andrés; de la Mata, Manuel L.; Hansen, Tia G. B.

    2010-01-01

    De sidste par tiår har tværkulturel forskning vist vigtige forskelle i selvbegribelse. En dybere forståelse forudsætter imidlertid inddragelse af flere kulturer. Modsat Markus og Kitayamas distinktion mellem independent og interdependent selv, har forfattere som Kagitcibasi m.fl. argumenteret for...

  13. Treatment Integrity Enhancement via Performance Feedback Conceptualized as an Exercise in Social Influence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erchul, William P.

    2013-01-01

    This commentary is in response to the article "Effects of Verbal and Written Performance Feedback on Treatment Adherence" (Kaufman, Codding, Markus, Tryon, & Kyse, this issue). The overall recommendation to those who study treatment integrity using performance feedback methods is to incorporate theories and research on social…

  14. Reference: 163 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 163 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u15660207i Kanter Ulr...saccharides. 2 243-54 15660207 2005 May Planta Guerineau Fran巽ois|Kanter Ulrike|Li Yong|Pauly Markus|Tenhaken Raimund|Usadel Bj旦rn

  15. Kas Hiina draakon õpib ka lendama? / Villu Zirnask

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Zirnask, Villu, 1966-

    2011-01-01

    Uuringust, mille käigus püüti välja selgitada Hiina patendistrateegiat. (Markus Eberhardt, Christian Helmers, Zhihong Yu. Is the dragon learning to fly? An analysis of the Chinese patent explosion. (CSAE Working Paper WPS/2011-15). Tabel: USA-s enim patente registreerinud Hiina ettevõtted (1985-2006)

  16. Inglismaal jagati taas D&AD auhindu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Keskkonnakujunduse kategoorias tõsteti 2007. a. esile: Heathrow Terminal 5 klubi (arhitektid Chris Bagot, Oliver Salway, disainerid Joe Ferry, Emma Lally, Monique van der Hurk, Hillary Clark jt.), Lohringi metroojaam Bohumis (Rübsamen & Partner, kunstnikud Eva-Maria Joeressen, Klaus Kessner), kauplus Freitag Zürichis (arhitektid Harald Echsle, Annette Spillmann, disainerid Daniel ja Markus Freitag)

  17. Eesti Lähimineviku Okupatsioonide Muuseumi arhitektuurivõistlus : okupatsiooni igaveseks jäädvustamiseks = Architectural Competition of the Museum of Recent Past Occupations in Estonia : for Eternal Remembrance of the Occupation / Leonhard Lapin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lapin, Leonhard, 1947-

    2001-01-01

    Zürii koosseis, võistlusest, võidutööst. Preemiad: I - Indrek Peil, Siiri Vallner; II - Tiina Teng, Peeter Loo; III - Reio Avaste; ostud - Andres Kask ning Markus Kaasik, Kalle Komissarov, Andres Ojari, Indrek Tiigi ja Ilmar Valdur. 5 ill.

  18. Asset Reuse of Images from a Repository

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herman, Deirdre

    2014-01-01

    According to Markus's theory of reuse, when digital repositories are deployed to collect and distribute organizational assets, they supposedly help ensure accountability, extend information exchange, and improve productivity. Such repositories require a large investment due to the continuing costs of hardware, software, user licenses, training,…

  19. Novosti modõ / Jevgenija Fedorovskaja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Fedorovskaja, Jevgenija

    2001-01-01

    Kõrgmoenädalast Londonis - muudatusi seoses terroriaktiga New Yorgis. Jasper Conrani, Oscar de la Renta, Markus Lüpferi, John Rocha, Londoni kunstnike-dueti Blaak (pärit Lõuna-Aafrikast) kollektsioonidest ja poola kunstniku Arkadiuse art-objektide esitlusest

  20. Saturation mapping of QTL region determining resistance specificity ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    STORAGESEVER

    2009-09-01

    Sep 1, 2009 ... S, Ni L, Zhu F, Chen W, Lan L, Lai Y, Cheng Z, Gu M, Jiang J, Li J,. Hong G, Xue Y, Han B ... Katagiri F, Markus Lange B, Moughamer T, Xia Y, Budworth P,. Zhong J, Miguel T, ... Gen. Genet. 261: 58-63. Marrs KA (1996).

  1. Using artificial neural network approach for modelling rainfall–runoff ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Department of Civil Engineering, National Pingtung University of Science and Technology, Neipu Hsiang,. Pingtung ... study, a model for estimating runoff by using rainfall data from a river basin is developed and a neural ... For example, 2009 typhoon Morakot in Pingtung ... Tokar and Markus (2000) applied ANN to predict.

  2. Auswirkungen der Zugänglichkeit independenten und interdependenten Selbstwissens auf den Selbstwert

    OpenAIRE

    Birkner, Norbert

    2003-01-01

    In drei Studien werden Befunde vorgelegt, die dafür sprechen, dass der Selbstwert von Personen mit independentem Selbstkonzept anders generiert wird als von Personen mit interdependentem Selbstkonzept, genauer sich aus unterschiedlichen Quellen speist. Innerhalb der drei Untersuchungsstichproben erfolgte die Klassifizierung der differenzierten Selbstkonstruktionen, die idealtypisch in individualistischen und kollektivistischen Kulturen entwickelt werden (Markus & Kitayama, 1991), auf Grundlag...

  3. Kolmest Tallinna Ülikooli Humboldti stipendiaadist / Tiina Tamkivi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tamkivi, Tiina

    2014-01-01

    Tallinna Ülikooli külastas jaanuaris teadlasi toetava fondi Alexander von Humboldt Stiftung president ja Berliini Tehnikaülikooli keemiaprofessor Helmut Schwarz. Tallinna Ülikoolist on Humboldti stipendiumi pälvinud kolm teadlast - professor Peeter Järvelaid, ajaloolane Juhan Kreem ja kunstiajaloolane Kersti Markus, kes lisavad artiklis ka omapoolsed selgitused

  4. ¿CONTINGENCIA O NECESIDAD? SCHELLING Y HEGEL ACERCA DEL ESTATUS MODAL DEL ESPACIO LÓGICO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Markus Gabriel

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Palabras pronunciadas por Markus Gabriel en el marco del encuentro internacional "Presente del idealismo alemán" organizado por el Departamento de Filosofía de la Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Conferencia que tuvo lugar el 9 de octubre de 2009.

  5. Fiction and Religion : How Narratives About the Supernatural Inspire Religious Belief

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Davidsen, M.A.

    2016-01-01

    Thematic issue on 'Fiction and Religion: How Narratives About the Supernatural Inspire Religious Belief', volume 46(4) of Religion. The thematic issue inclues the following articles: Davidsen, Markus Altena, "Fiction and Religion: How Narratives About the Supernatural Inspire Religious Belief –

  6. Genetics Home Reference: desmosterolosis

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... 2001 Aug 22. Citation on PubMed or Free article on PubMed Central Zolotushko J, Flusser H, Markus B, Shelef I, Langer Y, Heverin M, Björkhem I, Sivan S, Birk OS. The desmosterolosis phenotype: spasticity, microcephaly and micrognathia with agenesis of corpus callosum and ...

  7. The Benefits and Limitations of Formality

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kane, Michael

    2008-01-01

    Michael Kane comments on three articles in this issue: (1) "Is Psychometrics Pathological Science?" (Joel Mitchell); (2) "Latent Variable Theory" (Denny Borsboom); and (3) "Constructs, Concepts, and the Worlds of Possibility" (Keith Markus). He states that the common thread in these three articles is the goal of putting measurement practice on a…

  8. E-piima Põltsamaa Meierei juustumuuseum = E-Piim Põltsamaa Dairy Cheese Museum

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    Pealeehitus tootmishoonele. Juustutööstust eksponeeritakse läbi laeakende ning multimeedia ja graafiliste vahendite abil seintel ja kaldtasandil. Projekteerija: 3+1 arhitektid. Autorid Markus Kaasik, Kalle Komissarov, Andres Ojari, Ilmar Valdur. Konstruktor Tõnu Peipmann. Projekt 2001. 11 ill

  9. Disease: H01046 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ... TITLE ... Efficacy of albendazole against the whipworm trichuris trichiura--a randomised, controlled trial. ... JOURNAL ... S Afr Med J 94:972-6 (2004) ...0-6736(06)68653-4 ... PMID:15662995 (drug) ... AUTHORS ... Adams VJ, Lombard CJ, Dhansay MA, Markus MB, Fincham JE

  10. Karl Valentin’s Illogical Subversion: issues arising from Karl Valentin’s Das Aquarium and Liesl Karlstadt’s Verein der Katzenfreund

    OpenAIRE

    Wilson, Mike; Double, Oliver

    2003-01-01

    Valentin Ludwig Fey was born on 4 June 1882 in the Munich suburb of Au, effectively the only child of an artisan-class family – his sister and two brothers all died in early childhood before Valentin Ludwig was even six months old. Valentin himself only narrowly survived a childhood encounter with diptheria (all of which, perhaps unsurprisingly, contributed to his ever-increasing hypochondria1), but he went on to become Karl Valentin, arguably the most famous German comedian and cabaret perfo...

  11. Ztvárnění přírody ve vybraných pohádkách ve sbírce Phantasus od Ludwiga Tiecka

    OpenAIRE

    Böhmová, Ellen

    2011-01-01

    The representation of the nature in the chosen fairy tales from the collection Phantasus by Ludwig Tieck. This thesis deals with the depiction of nature which played an important role in German literature of the early Romanticism. The analysis is based on three fairytales from Phantasus by Ludwig Tieck, namely, on two »nature tales« Der blonde Eckbert and Der Runenberg and one later tale Die Elfen. The thesis is divided into two main parts. The first one-theoretical, introduces the author of ...

  12. Riflessioni sulla ricezione di Goldoni nel '700 francese

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olsen, Michel

    2011-01-01

    This essay takes up the relative incomprehension experienced in France by Goldoni, as before him by the great Dano-norwegian comedy-writer Ludwig Holberg. An exception was Élie Fréron, known as the antagonist of the philosophes, but rediscovered in the last decades of the last century as a brilli......This essay takes up the relative incomprehension experienced in France by Goldoni, as before him by the great Dano-norwegian comedy-writer Ludwig Holberg. An exception was Élie Fréron, known as the antagonist of the philosophes, but rediscovered in the last decades of the last century...

  13. Sediment yield assessment in the Upper Wadi Kebir catchment ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Soil erosion that occurs within fluvial basins has a significant impact on ... Regarding the sediment rating models, Walling and Webb [27], Ludwig and ... The climate over the study area is Mediterranean with dry summers and .... collected data set and therefore a high scatter of the cloud around the regression line (Fig. 3).

  14. Resonance – Journal of Science Education | Indian Academy of ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Resonance – Journal of Science Education; Volume 10; Issue 12. Ludwig Boltzmann and Entropy. Sriram Ramaswamy. Volume 10 Issue 12 December 2005 pp 176-178. Fulltext. Click here to view fulltext PDF. Permanent link: https://www.ias.ac.in/article/fulltext/reso/010/12/0176-0178. Author Affiliations.

  15. Quantitative Voxel-to-Voxel Comparison of TriBeam and DCT Strontium Titanate Three-Dimensional Data Sets (Postprint)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-02-09

    materials such as alumina (Gonzalez et al., 2013), titanium (King et al., 2010) and aluminium (Ludwig, King et al., 2009). 2.1.2. TriBeam data collection...nickel alloys (Echlin, Lenthe et al., 2014), and geological samples (Echlin et al., 2015). The strontium titanate sample was serially sectioned in the

  16. Entropy in Biology

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    During the process of ageing, the balance shifts in the direction of anarchy. Death is ... tion of life and the laws of statistieal physics and entropy, both of which ... capable of doing work. ... defined by Ludwig Boltzmann in 1877, the entropy of the.

  17. 76 FR 41816 - Notice of Intent To Prepare an Environmental Impact Statement for the Proposed Ocotillo Sol Solar...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-15

    ...] Notice of Intent To Prepare an Environmental Impact Statement for the Proposed Ocotillo Sol Solar Project... (ROW) authorization request for the Ocotillo Sol Solar Energy Facility (Project), a 15-18 megawatt (MW... Ocotillo Sol Solar Project by any of the following methods: Mail: Noel Ludwig, California Desert District...

  18. Religion as a philosophical matter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Albinus, Lars

    with groundbreaking thoughts about culture and a basic human 'conditionality' among interwar philosophers such as Ernst Cassirer, Ludwig Wittgenstein, Walter Benjamin, and Martin Heidegger. Finally it draws a line to Jean-Luc Nancy’s deconstruction of Christianity which can also be seen as a deconstruction...

  19. See This Sound

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kristensen, Thomas Bjørnsten

    2009-01-01

    Anmeldelse af udstillingen See This Sound på Lentos Kunstmuseum Linz, Østrig, som markerer den foreløbige kulmination på et samarbejde mellem Lentos Kunstmuseum og Ludwig Boltzmann Institute Media.Art.Research. Udover den konkrete udstilling er samarbejdet tænkt som en ambitiøs, tværfaglig...

  20. Oe-ce-m

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Ludwig Prandtl is considered to be the founder of modem fluid mechanics. He, like Newton ... in fluid mechanics. According to the theory, for fluids with small viscosity, like air and water, viscous ... sky left behind by an airplane. In high speed ...

  1. Den filosofiske krimi. Med særligt fokus på Henning Mortensens Sondrup-trilogi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Kim Toft

    2008-01-01

    Når man starter en roman med et citat af filosoffen Ludwig Wittgenstein, er tonen allerede slået an. Lader man dernæst en mand finde dolket, bliver det hurtigt tydeligt, hvor vi befinder os: kriminalromanens sprossede skygge. Men hos den danske forfatter Henning Mortensen falder skyggerne på en...

  2. A patriotic 'Picture Gallery' or a Universal 'Tree of Knowledge'? Metaphors of Knowledge in the Historia Litteraria Works

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Smyčka, Václav

    2016-01-01

    Roč. 139, 1/2 (2016), s. 25-49 ISSN 0024-4457 R&D Projects: GA ČR GAP406/12/2254 Institutional support: RVO:67985955 Keywords : Nikolaus Adaukt Voigt * Ignaz Born * Franz Martin Pelzel * Ludwig Zehnmark * metaphor * knowledge * temporality Subject RIV: AB - History

  3. The Concept of Design: Are We off Track?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-15

    Andrews, Henry Mintzberg, Ludwig von Bertalanffy, Thomas Kuhn, Horst Rittel, Melvin Webber, Dietrich Dörner, and Peter Senge listed below cement a...perspective. The terms, concepts, and intellectual accessories presented in this chapter cement a deeper appreciation and understanding of design as a...thinking. Creative thinking involves generating something new or original. It involves the skills of flexibility, originality, fluency , elaboration

  4. Raikülast saab Eesti mõisate süda / Imbi Raikna

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raikna, Imbi

    2004-01-01

    Raikküla mõisa ajaloost, omanikest. Mõisahoone arhitektiks arvatakse olevat Johann Carl Ludwig Engel. Raikküla mõisa tegi kuulsaks Keyserlingide suguvõsa. 1999. a. omandas mõisa perekond Jõesoo, kes on hüljatud valduse ellu äratanud, kavandades sinna raamatumõisa ja mõisainfo keskust. 10 ill

  5. Hip, Hip, Soret!

    Science.gov (United States)

    Müller-Plathe, Florian

    Many years ago, Ludwig did detect the behaviour now called the Soret effect. Sodium sulphate in eighteen-fifty-six did not obediently follow Fick's first law. But if he cooled down one side the salt went left, the water to the right. He was surprised in every way. Hip, hip, Soret!

  6. The Statistical Interpretation of Entropy: An Activity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Timmberlake, Todd

    2010-01-01

    The second law of thermodynamics, which states that the entropy of an isolated macroscopic system can increase but will not decrease, is a cornerstone of modern physics. Ludwig Boltzmann argued that the second law arises from the motion of the atoms that compose the system. Boltzmann's statistical mechanics provides deep insight into the…

  7. Saaremaa murrakutest 18. sajandil / Eberhard Winkler

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Winkler, Eberhard

    2008-01-01

    Kahest vanemast Saaremaalt pärit keelenäitest: Schlözer, August Ludwig. Gesammelte Nachrichten von den Ueberresten der Liven, in Livland und Kurland. (1770) ja Kruse, Friedrich Karl Hermann. Ur-Geschichte des Esthnischen Volksstammes und der Kaiserlich Russischen Ostseeprovinzen ... (1846)

  8. Fulltext PDF

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    International Conference on Algebra and. Geometry. BOOK REVIEWS. 106 Atomic Warrior. Shobhana Narasimhan. Front Cover. 110. 110. 111. 112 n3. Bonnet macaque (See classroom article Project Ufescape on The Macaques of India, page 94.) Back Cover. (Picture courtesy: Anindya Sinha). ludWig Eduard Boltzmann.

  9. Sano, kuracado, higieno (health, medicine, hygiene): ophthalmologists and Esperanto.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ohry, Avi

    2014-01-01

    Historically, some ophthalmologists were closely associated with the constructed language Esperanto. These include the founder of the language Ludwig Lazar Zamenhof (1859-1917), his son Leon, Max Talmud (1869-1941), Kazimierz Bein (1872-1959), and Louis Emile Javal (1839-1907).This paper considers the role of these ophtalmologists who attempted to create international languages, whether oral, written or musical.

  10. Skating in a Life Context: Examining the Significance of Aesthetic Experience in Sport Using Practical Epistemology Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maivorsdotter, Ninitha; Wickman, Per-Olof

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to suggest and illustrate a methodological approach for studies of learning in physical education (PE) and sport pedagogy in order to investigate and clarify the relation between how people learn and the settings or context in which they learn. Drawing on the work of John Dewey, the later works of Ludwig Wittgenstein…

  11. RDX in Plant Tissue: Leading to Humification in Surface Soils

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-01

    distribution, and transfor- mation of TNT in higher plants. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 64(2): 136–145. Amann, R. I., W. Ludwig, and K.-H...Schleifer. 1995. Phyolgenetic identification and in situ detection of individual microbial cells without cultivation . Microbiol. Rev. 59: 143–169

  12. Ludvík Rittersberk: Die Brüder Edice a překlad libreta Jaroslav ze Šternberka a bitva s Tatary u Olomouce v operním hávu

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Fránek, Michal; Kopecký, J.; Reittererová, V.

    2017-01-01

    Roč. 54, č. 1 (2017), s. 25-70 ISSN 0018-7003 Institutional support: RVO:68378068 Keywords : Ludvík Rittersberk (Ludwig Ritter von Rittersberg) * opera * libretto * Jaroslav ze Šternberka * Dvůr Králové Manuscript Subject RIV: AJ - Letters, Mass-media, Audiovision OBOR OECD: Specific literatures

  13. Darshana Jolts

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Only by the second half of 19th century did it become clear that the difference between ... Boltzmann law, discovered in 1879 by Josef Stefan and in 1884 by Ludwig Boltzmann. ... occur without input from or output to the outside is known as the principle of ... rich chapter of physics, known as the kinetic theory of heat 11.

  14. A Behavioral Treatment for Traumatic Brain Injury-Associated Visual Dysfunction Based on Adult Cortical Plasticity

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-12-01

    Zomet, Lev, Yehezkel, Sterkin & Levi, 2012b) and developmental object and face agnosia (Lev, Gilaie-Dotan, Gotthilf-Nezri, Yehezkel, Brooks, Perry...followed by mid-level perceptual improvements in developmental object and face agnosia . Dev Sci, Lev, M., Ludwig, K., Gilaie-Dotan, S., Voss, S

  15. South African Journal of Geomatics, Vol. 5, No. 2, September 2016

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    asd

    Fred Cawood. The remote sensing theme consisted of two papers. Cilence Munghemezulu, Ludwig Combrinck, Joel Botai and Zinhle Mashaba mapped multipath as part of the site investigation for the installation of a timing antenna for lunar laser ranging applications at the Hartebeesthoek Radio Astronomy Observatory.

  16. Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research - Vol 4, No 3 (2014)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Management of Ludwig's angina in pregnancy: a review of 10 cases · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD ... Role of systemic markers in periodontal diseases: a possible inflammatory burden and risk factor for cardiovascular diseases? EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL ...

  17. African Health Sciences - Vol 7, No 1 (2007)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Katz method: microscopical appearance of the helminth eggs · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. E I Odongo-Aginya, K Narcis, S Ludwig, H Wabinga, A Fenwick, A Montresor ...

  18. 77 FR 40859 - Gulf of Mexico Fishery Management Council; Public Meetings; Correction

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-11

    ... DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Gulf of Mexico Fishery.... SUMMARY: The Gulf of Mexico Fishery Management Council (Council) will convene its Law Enforcement Advisory... Ludwig Lane, Grand Isle, LA 70358; telephone: (985) 787-2163 Council address: Gulf of Mexico Fishery...

  19. Book reviews

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    NN,

    2002-01-01

    It took a long time to produce, but eventually early in 2001 the first part of this extensive compendium of macromycetes appeared. It is the result of decades of work by the author, who is known as a passionate mushroom collector and painter. Ludwig has the special gift that he is able to record the

  20. Training and "Abrichtung": Wittgenstein as a Tragic Philosopher of Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Friesen, Norm

    2017-01-01

    As a landmark philosopher of language and of mind, Ludwig Wittgenstein is also remarkable for having crossed, with apparent ease, the "continental divide" in philosophy. It is consequently not surprising that Wittgenstein's work, particularly in the "Philosophical Investigations," has been taken up by philosophers of education…

  1. Differentially Positioned Language Games: Ethnomathematics from a Philosophical Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knijnik, Gelsa

    2012-01-01

    This paper discusses a new philosophical perspective for ethnomathematics which articulates Ludwig Wittgenstein's and Michel Foucault's theoretical notions. It is conceived as a theoretical toolbox which allows the analysis of, on the one hand, the mathematical language games of different forms of life and their family resemblances and, on the…

  2. Seeing Connections: Reason, Faith, and Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harris, Suzy

    2015-01-01

    The article explores some of the congruencies of thought and resonances in phrasing in the work of Janet Erskine Stuart, John Henry Newman and Ludwig Wittgenstein. These three writers have in common their resistance to philosophers of religion who are preoccupied with proposing arguments for the existence of God and grounds for believing in God.…

  3. The Crystal Order That Is Most Concrete: The Wittgenstein House

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zou, Hui

    2005-01-01

    This essay analyzes the bi-directional relationship between Ludwig Wittgenstein's philosophy and his architectural experiment of designing the Wittgenstein House. Putting the Wittgenstein House into the chronological context of Wittgenstein's philosophical writings, this research attempts to explore how his architectural design brought about a…

  4. Belief Systems and Language Understanding

    Science.gov (United States)

    1975-01-01

    Sedlak (1074), Searle (1060), Gtrawson (196U), and Wittgenstein (1958). [4] (1973), Charniak (1072), ilcCarthy and Hayes (1969), HcDermott (107...in Speech Acts", Philosophical Review 73, ^39-460. Wittgenstein , Ludwig 1958 Philosophical Investigations ( New York: The Macmillan Co.) (Tr

  5. Somaesthetics and Racism: Toward an Embodied Pedagogy of Difference

    Science.gov (United States)

    Granger, David A.

    2010-01-01

    This paper begins by examining the architectonics of the body and the mind-body relationship in the work of John Dewey, Michel Foucault, and Ludwig Wittgenstein. In doing so, it utilizes philosopher Richard Shusterman's analytic somaesthetics to expose the way racist ideology is covertly materialized and preserved through encoding in somatic norms…

  6. Identity, Language and Theology for the Proclamation of the Gospel

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goitia Padilla, Francisco Javier

    2012-01-01

    This dissertation is a linguistic approach to theology informed by the philosophical work of Ludwig Wittgenstein. It is situated in the construction of Puerto Rican identity in the elliptic Puerto Rican geography of the island and the Puerto Rican immigration settlements on the mainland. Its goal is the truthful proclamation of the Gospel to the…

  7. Somaesthetic Training, Aesthetics, Ethics, and the Politics of Difference in Richard Shusterman's "Body Consciousness"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Powell, Kimberly

    2010-01-01

    In this essay, the author first addresses the theme of disciplined somatic training and its relationship to self-awareness and transformation. Her attention is focused specifically on the chapter on Ludwig Wittgenstein, in which Richard Shusterman presents and then elaborates upon the philosopher's connections between conscious bodily feelings and…

  8. On Wittgenstein's Extension of the Domain of Aesthetic Education: Intransitive Knowledge and Ethics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Escalera, Carla Carmona

    2012-01-01

    Ludwig Wittgenstein gave priority to aesthetics over other disciplines due to its invaluable capacities for revealing certain aspects of the nature of human understanding and for guiding our actions toward an ethical life. Although Wittgenstein did not focus on these issues in a systematic way, these worries were present in his philosophy during…

  9. Imagining Wittgenstein's Adolescent: The Educational Significance of Expression

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frank, Jeff

    2012-01-01

    This paper highlights the philosophical and educational significance of expression in Ludwig Wittgenstein's Philosophical Investigations. When the role of expression is highlighted, we will be better able to appreciate Stanley Cavell's insistence that: (i) Wittgenstein offers ways of responding to, though not a refutation of, the problem of…

  10. The World of Instruction: Undertaking the Impossible

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laverty, Megan J.

    2014-01-01

    Throughout history, philosophers have reflected on educational questions. Some of their ideas emerged in defense of, or opposition to, skepticism about the possibility of formal teaching and learning. These philosophers include Plato, Augustine, St Thomas Aquinas, Søren Kierkegaard, Martin Heidegger, and Ludwig Wittgenstein. Together, they…

  11. Tænk ikke, men se efter! - Wittgensteins brug af eksemplet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Krause-Jensen, Niels Henrik

    2016-01-01

    I dette kapitel er ærindet at præsentere en filosofisk metode, som på en langt mere gennemgribende måde end vanligt orienterer sig efter eksempler. Udgangspunktet er sprogfilosoffen Ludwig Wittgensteins tænkning, hvor det vises, at der er noget ganske særligt på spil: Eksempler bruges ikke til...

  12. "I Knew Jean-Paul Sartre": Philosophy of Education as Comedy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Griffiths, Morwenna; Peters, Michael A.

    2014-01-01

    Ludwig Wittgenstein suggests that "A serious and good philosophical work could be written consisting entirely of jokes". The idea for this dialogue comes from a conversation that Michael Peters and Morwenna Griffiths had at the Philosophy of Education of Great Britain annual meeting at the University of Oxford, 2011. It was sparked by an…

  13. Silence, an Eye of Knowledge

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aghamohammadi, Mehdi

    2017-01-01

    One of the conspicuous features of the twentieth-century West was silence. This idea could be supported by examining reflections of Ludwig Wittgenstein, Fritz Mauthner, John Cage, Samuel Beckett, Ihab Hassan, Franz Kafka, Wassily Kandinsky, Jean-Paul Sartre, Virginia Woolf, Wolfgang Iser, Jacques Derrida, and Pierre Macherey. To me, silence is not…

  14. H2O2 induces a transient multi-phase cell cycle arrest in mouse fibroblasts through modulating cyclin D and p21Cip1 expression

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Barnouin, K.; Dubuisson, M.L.; Child, E.S.; Fernandez de Mattos, S.; Glassford, J.; Medema, R.H.; Mann, D.J.; Lam, E.W.-F.

    2002-01-01

    From the h CRC Laboratories and the Section of Cancer Cell Biology, Imperial College School of Medicine at Hammersmith Hospital, Du Cane Road, London W12 ONN, United Kingdom, the e Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research and Section of Virology and Cell Biology, Imperial College School of Medicine at

  15. Stuart Hall on Racism and the Importance of Diasporic Thinking

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rizvi, Fazal

    2015-01-01

    In this article, I want to show how my initial encounter with the work of Stuart Hall was grounded in my reading of the later philosophy of Ludwig Wittgenstein, and was shaped by my interest in understanding the nature of racism across the three countries in which I had lived. Over the years, Hall's various writings have helped me to make sense of…

  16. “and africa will be saved!”? nadenke oor die kerk, die sending en die ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Livingstone (1813-1873) with his emphasis on “Christianity, civilisation, commerce” had high expectations that Western influence would lead to total new conditions in. Africa and the end of slave trade. Ludwig Krapf (1810-1881) was very sceptical con- cerning Western influence and of opinion that it would only lead to ...

  17. Empathy without borders? Cross-cultural heart and mind-reading in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background: This cross-cultural study was designed to examine cultural differences in empathy levels of first-year medical students. Methods: A total of 257 students from the academic year 2010/11, 131 at Jimma University, Ethiopia, and 126 at the Ludwig Maximilian University, Munich, Germany, completed the Balanced ...

  18. Fuldskalamodellen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Søberg, Martin

    2017-01-01

    Fehn’s project for an extension of the Royal Danish Theatre (1996), Robbrecht en Daem architecten’s Mies 1:1. Das Golfklub Projekt (2013), the full-scale model of Ludwig Mies van der Rohe’s proposal for the Kröller-Müller villa (1912), Bungalow Germania – the German pavilion at the Venice Architecture...

  19. Semantic Elements in Deep Structures as Seen from a Modernist Definition of Clarity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lemke, Alan

    Typically, teachers approach ambiguity in student writing by suggesting that students focus on diction, syntax, and writing format; however, the works of modernists (including T.S. Eliot, Ludwig Wittgenstein, Karl Marx, and Pablo Picasso) suggest the importance of conceptions of semantic clarity. Transformational models for syntactic elements in…

  20. Electron transfer among the CuA-, heme b- and a3-centers of Thermus thermophilus cytochrome ba3

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Farver, Ole; Chen, Ying; Fee, James A

    2006-01-01

    The 1-methyl-nicotinamide radical (MNA(*)), produced by pulse radiolysis has previously been shown to reduce the Cu(A)-site of cytochromes aa(3), a process followed by intramolecular electron transfer (ET) to the heme a but not to the heme a(3) [Farver, O., Grell, E., Ludwig, B., Michel, H. and P...

  1. "Esialgses vormis, ilma olulisema inetamise ja muutmiseta" : Tallinna Oleviste kiriku taastamine pärast 1820. aasta tulekahju / Ants Hein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hein, Ants, 1952-

    2015-01-01

    Tulekahjust. Taastamistööde finantseerimisest. Kahest olulisest nimest Oleviste ehitusloos - Alexander Feldmann'ist ja Friedrich Ludwig von Maydell'ist. Taastamistööde käigust. Altaritest ja kantslist. Tisleritöödest, orelist

  2. Mies kahes muuseumis korraga / Maria-Kristiina Soomre

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Soomre, Maria-Kristiina, 1978-

    2001-01-01

    2001. a. suvel avab New Yorgi Museum of Modern Art arhitekt Ludwig Mies van der Rohe algusaastate tööle keskenduva näituse "Mies in Berlin" ja Whitney Museum of American Art arhitekti ameerika perioodi kajastava näituse "Mies in America".

  3. Pouť Ludwiga Protze z Kynšperku do Walhally a zase zpět aneb jak českoslovenští turneři chápali umění

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Kessler, Vojtěch; Klement, M.

    2015-01-01

    Roč. 16, 1-2 (2015), s. 27-52 ISSN 1211-8109 Institutional support: RVO:67985963 Keywords : German Turner Association * Ludwig Protz * Kynšperk nad Ohří * Offenhausen * art * worldview Subject RIV: AB - History

  4. An ecotoxicological screening tool to prioritise acid mine drainage impacted streams for future restoration

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Oberholster, Paul

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available review of laboratory studies. Water, 574 Air, & Soil Pollution 60, 135-148. 575 Ludwig J.A., Reynolds J.F., 1988. Statistical ecology. John Wiley and Sons, New York. 576 Margalef R., 1951. Diversidad de especies en las comunidades naturales...

  5. Political Communication with Animals

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Meijer, E.

    2013-01-01

    In this article I sketch the outlines of a theory of political human-animal conversations, based on ideas about language that I borrow from Ludwig Wittgenstein’s later work, in particular his notion of language-games. I present this theory as a supplement to the political theory of animal rights Sue

  6. Calculation of multigroup reaction rates for the Ghana Research ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The discrete ordinate spatial model, which pro-vides solution to the differential form of the transport equation by the Carlson-SN (N=4) approach was adopted to solve the Ludwig-Boltzmann multigroup neutron transport equation for this analysis. The results show that for any fissile resonance absorber, the reaction rates ...

  7. [A creator of modern surgery--Johann von Mikulicz-Radecki and contemporary ophthalmologists at the University of Wroclaw at the turn of the 19th-20th century].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nizankowska, Maria Hanna; Kalinowska, Joanna; Pacan, Anna

    2005-01-01

    The authors present the history of the life and achievements of Jan Mikulicz-Radecki as the creator of modern surgery and his own school of surgery, especially during his work at the Wroclaw University in 1890-1905 years. The contemporary ophthalmologists as Richard Foerster, Hermann Ludwig Cohn, Wilhelm Uhthoff and theirs famous coworkers are also presented.

  8. The "Bologna-München" Tandem--Experiencing Interculturality

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Martino, Sandro

    2016-01-01

    This case study describes the "Bologna-München" Tandem, a cross-border collaboration which began in 2011. The aim of the collaboration is to give students studying Italian at the Ludwig- Maximilians-University in Munich and students studying German at the University of Bologna the opportunity to experience interculturality through…

  9. Ungari fotograafiast / Gregor Taul

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Taul, Gregor, 1986-

    2010-01-01

    Näitus "Robert Capa" Ludwig Muzeumis Budapestis 3. juulist 11. oktoobrini 2009. Näitus "Traditsioon ja vastuvõtlikkus - kaasaegsed arengusuunad Ungari fotokunstis" ArtDepoo galeriis 2. septembrist 29. septembrini 2009. Fotograaf Robert Capa (Endre Ernö Friedmann, sünd. 1913) elust ja karjäärist

  10. The Coast Artillery Journal. Volume 70, Number 3, March 1929

    Science.gov (United States)

    1929-03-01

    Presidency receive but thirty-two pages. Surely Mr. Lincoln’s years in the White House were worth more than that. The typography is excellent, with an...Beuve; Frederick the Great, by T. B. Macaulay; Napoleon_’Bonaparte, by George Brandes ; and Otto von Bismarck, by Emil Ludwig. The book contains more

  11. Self-organization of vegetation in arid ecosystems

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rietkerk, M.G.; Boerlijst, M.; Langevelde, F. van; HillerisLambers, R.; Koppel, J. van de; Kumar, L.; Prins, H.H.T.; Roos, A.M. de

    2002-01-01

    Scientists are still searching for possible unifying mechanisms to explain this range of spatial patterns (Tongway and Ludwig 2001), and an important question of this research is whether this range is the result of preexisting environmental heterogeneity, the result of spatial

  12. Maailma kaunid aiad : Nymans'i aed / Ann Tenno

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tenno, Ann, 1952-

    2004-01-01

    Nymans'i aia Inglismaal rajas 1885. a. Ludwig Messel ning kujundas seda koos oma poja Leonard Messeliga. Aed on tuntud haruldaste puude ja põõsaste rohkuse poolest, aia omapäraks on kerakujuliseks pöetud ja väljalõigatud siiludega jugapuud. 19 ill

  13. Distributional Monte Carlo Methods for the Boltzmann Equation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-01

    postulated by Ludwig Boltzmann [23] at a time when the atomic makeup of matter was not an accepted concept. Modern physics realizes Boltzmann’s vision...über Gastheorie 1898. Translated by S.G. Brush ., 1964. [24] Boyles, K.A., G.J. LeBeau, and M.A. Gallis. “DSMC Simulations in Support of the Columbia

  14. Parties now talk about the EU in national election campaigns, but they still tend to talk past each other

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Senninger, Roman; Wagner, Markus

    2015-01-01

    How important is the issue of European integration to national election campaigns? Roman Senninger and Markus Wagner write that while the EU previously played only a very small role in national elections, the onset of the Eurozone crisis has resulted in the issue becoming more prominent in campai......How important is the issue of European integration to national election campaigns? Roman Senninger and Markus Wagner write that while the EU previously played only a very small role in national elections, the onset of the Eurozone crisis has resulted in the issue becoming more prominent...... in campaigns in several countries. However, using an analysis of party press releases in Austria, they illustrate that parties still differ greatly in how they address the issue, with parties exhibiting a tendency to talk past each other rather than genuinely engaging with the subject....

  15. Book Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Salvatore Filippone

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The book by Arjen Markus is a veritable tour de force among the possibilities opened up by the latest incarnation of Fortran, the longest-lived programming language on the planet and still one of the favourites by scientific programmers. It is not an introduction to the syntax and semantics of the latest language standard: it is more of a gourmet cookbook showing off a wide range of examples of what the new features allow a daring programmer to do.

  16. Impact of aerobic exercise on sleep and motor skills in children with autism spectrum disorders – a pilot study

    OpenAIRE

    Br; S; Jossen S; Holsboer-Trachsler E; Pühse U; Gerber M

    2015-01-01

    Serge Brand,1,2,* Stefanie Jossen,2,* Edith Holsboer-Trachsler,1 Uwe Pühse,2 Markus Gerber21Psychiatric Clinics of the University of Basel, Center for Affective, Stress and Sleep Disorders (ZASS), 2Department of Sport, Exercise and Health, Sport Science Section, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland*These authors contributed equally to this work and share the first authorshipBackground: Prevalence rates of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have increased dramatically in the last two decad...

  17. False memory production :effects of self-consistent false information and motivated cognition

    OpenAIRE

    Brown, Martha

    1996-01-01

    Remembrance of one's personal past and the development of false memories have recently received intense public scrutiny. Based upon self-schema (Markus, 1977) and selfverification (Swann, 1987) theories, two studies were conducted to investigate the hypothesis that a self-schema guides cognitive processing of self-relevant information and thereby influences the construction of a memory that includes false information, particularly more so if this information is self-schema consistent than ...

  18. ZHAW Waedenswil: A new Approach in the Fight against Cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rimann, Markus

    2018-03-30

    A happy coincidence brought Dr Markus Rimann from ZHAW Waedenswil together with Dr Andreas Meyer from the start-up FGen and PD Dr Emanuela Felley-Bosco, Molecular Oncologist at Zurich University Hospital, to develop a technology platform for the manufacture and high throughput analysis of single mesothelioma spheroids. Armin Picenoni, former student in Chemistry for the Life Sciences at ZHAW, confirmed everything in writing his Master Thesis on this Innosuisse project.

  19. Geneva University - Cancelled

    CERN Multimedia

    Université de Genève

    2010-01-01

    École de physique - Département de physique nucléaire et corspusculaire 24, quai Ernest-Ansermet 1211 GENEVA 4 Tel: (022) 379 62 73 - Fax: (022) 379 69 92 Monday 19 April 2010 17h00 - Stückelberg Auditorium Into the darkness: Simulating the distribution of dark matter in our Universe Prof. Volker Springel - Heidelberg Institute for Theoretical Studies   THE COLLOQUIUM IS CANCELLED. Prof. Markus Büttiker

  20. Anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction using bone plug-free quadriceps tendon autograft: intermediate-term clinical outcome after 24–36 months

    OpenAIRE

    Schulz AP; Lange V; Gille J; Voigt C; Fröhlich S; Stuhr M; Jürgens C

    2013-01-01

    Arndt P Schulz,1 Vivien Lange,2 Justus Gille,1 Christine Voigt,3 Susanne Fröhlich,4 Markus Stuhr,1 Christian Jürgens5 1Department of Orthopedics, Trauma, and Sports Medicine, University Hospital Lübeck, Lübeck, Germany; 2Department of Rehabilitation, Sana Regio Klinikum, Wedel, Germany; 3Department of Sports Medicine and Arthroscopy, Diakoniekrankenhaus Friederikenstift, Hannover, Germany; 4Department of Orthopedics, University of Rostock, Rostock, Germany;...

  1. Technical Note: Scanning of parallel-plate ionization chamber and diamond detector for measurements of water-dose profiles in the vicinity of a narrow x-ray microbeam.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nariyama, Nobuteru

    2017-12-01

    Scanning of dosimeters facilitates dose distribution measurements with fine spatial resolutions. This paper presents a method of conversion of the scanning results to water-dose profiles and provides an experimental verification. An Advanced Markus chamber and a diamond detector were scanned at a resolution of 6 μm near the beam edges during irradiation with a 25-μm-wide white narrow x-ray beam from a synchrotron radiation source. For comparison, GafChromic films HD-810 and HD-V2 were also irradiated. The conversion procedure for the water dose values was simulated with Monte Carlo photon-electron transport code as a function of the x-ray incidence position. This method was deduced from nonstandard beam reference-dosimetry protocols used for high-energy x-rays. Among the calculated nonstandard beam correction factors, P wall , which is the ratio of the absorbed dose in the sensitive volume of the chamber with water wall to that with a polymethyl methacrylate wall, was found to be the most influential correction factor in most conditions. The total correction factor ranged from 1.7 to 2.7 for the Advanced Markus chamber and from 1.15 to 1.86 for the diamond detector as a function of the x-ray incidence position. The water dose values obtained with the Advanced Markus chamber and the HD-810 film were in agreement in the vicinity of the beam, within 35% and 18% for the upper and lower sides of the beam respectively. The beam width obtained from the diamond detector was greater, and the doses out of the beam were smaller than the doses of the others. The comparison between the Advanced Markus chamber and HD-810 revealed that the dose obtained with the scanned chamber could be converted to the water dose around the beam by applying nonstandard beam reference-dosimetry protocols. © 2017 American Association of Physicists in Medicine.

  2. Resonant Optical Gradient Force Interaction for Nano-Imaging and-Spectroscopy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-07-19

    New J. Phys. 18 (2016) 053042 doi:10.1088/1367-2630/18/5/053042 PAPER Resonant optical gradient force interaction for nano-imaging and -spectroscopy...HonghuaUYang andMarkus BRaschke Department of Physics , Department of Chemistry, and JILA,University of Colorado, Boulder, CO80309,USA E-mail...honghua.yang@colorado.edu andmarkus.raschke@colorado.edu Keywords:nano spectroscopy, optical force, near-field optics Abstract The optical gradient force

  3. Figuur teeb võidukäiku / Krista Piirimäe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Piirimäe, Krista, 1946-

    2006-01-01

    Tartu kunstnike aastalõpunäitus Tartu Kunstimajas kuni 22. I. Näituse on kujundanud Maris Palgi ja Rauno Moss. Jaan Punga, Sven Saagi, Albert Gulki, Markus Kasemaa, Saskia Kasemaa, Rauno Mossi, Meiu Mündi, Külli Kalde, Anne Vasara, Piret Mihkelseni, Priit Pajose, Harri Puderselli, Imat Suumanni, Eda Lõhmuse, Sütevaka Andrese, Tiit Tamme, Helle Vahersalu, Malev Toome, Jass Kaselaane, Jaan Luige, Tõnis Paberiti ja Ahti Seppeti töödest

  4. Žürii kommenteerib Kultuurkapitali arhitektuuripreemiaid 2008 / Marika Lõoke, Laila Põdra, Liina Jänes... [jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2009-01-01

    Peapreemia: Markus Kaasik, Andres Ojari, Ilmar Valdur, Mihkel Tüür, Kalle Komissarov (Pärnu Keskraamatukogu hoone), tegevuspreemia: Maarja Kask, Ralf Lõoke, Neeme Külm, Ingrid Ruudi (projekt Gaasitoru 11. Veneetsia arhitektuuribiennaalil), aastapreemia: Maarja Kask, Ralf Lõoke, Karli Luik (Tartu Kesklinna Kooli juurdeehitus) ja Peep Jänes (Raudna Põhikooli spordihoone), sisearhitektuuri preemia: Tea Tammelaan, Malle Jürgenson, Krista Lepland, restaureerimispreemia: Mari Hammer, Tiiu Lõhmus, Helve Ilves, Villu Kadakas (Vanalinna Hariduskolleegiumi hoone)

  5. Psychiatric comorbidities in a young man with subacute myelopathy induced by abusive nitrous oxide consumption: a case report

    OpenAIRE

    Mancke, Falk; Kaklauskait?, Gintar?; Kollmer, Jennifer; Weiler, Markus

    2016-01-01

    Falk Mancke,1,2,* Gintare Kaklauskaite,1,* Jennifer Kollmer,3 Markus Weiler1 1Department of Neurology, 2Department of General Psychiatry, Center for Psychosocial Medicine, 3Department of Neuroradiology, Heidelberg University Hospital, Heidelberg, Germany *These authors contributed equally to this work Abstract: Nitrous oxide (N2O), a long-standing anesthetic, is known for its recreational use, and its consumption is on the rise. Several case studies have reported neurological and psychiatric ...

  6. A Comparison of Monte Carlo Tree Search and Rolling Horizon Optimization for Large Scale Dynamic Resource Allocation Problems

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-05-01

    decisions on the fly in an online retail environment. Tech. rep., Working Paper, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Boston, MA. Arneson, Broderick , Ryan...Hayward, Philip Henderson. 2009. MoHex wins Hex tournament. International Computer Games Association Journal 32 114–116. Arneson, Broderick , Ryan B...Combina- torial Search. Enzenberger, Markus, Martin Muller, Broderick Arneson, Richard Segal. 2010. Fuego—an open-source framework for board games and

  7. 6th International Symposium on Molecular Allergology (ISMA)

    OpenAIRE

    Hilger, Christiane; Swiontek, Kyra; Fischer, J?rg; Hentges, Fran?ois; Lehners, Christiane; Morisset, Martine; Eberlein, Bernadette; Biedermann, Tilo; Ollert, Markus; Wildner, Sabrina; Stemeseder, Teresa; Freier, Regina; Briza, Peter; Lang, Roland; Batanero, Eva

    2016-01-01

    Table of contents ORAL ABSTRACTS Symposium 1: Biochemistry, structure and environment of the allergen: what makes a protein an allergen? O1 Two cell-membrane peptidases carrying galactose-alpha-1,3-galactose are implicated in delayed anaphylactic reactions upon pork kidney ingestion in patients with IgE-antibodies to alpha-Gal Christiane Hilger, Kyra Swiontek, Jörg Fischer, François Hentges, Christiane Lehners, Martine Morisset, Bernadette Eberlein, Tilo Biedermann, Markus Ollert O2 Structure...

  8. Mobile marketing and its implementations

    OpenAIRE

    Latto, Joel

    2014-01-01

    Latto, Joel Mobile marketing and its implementations Jyväskylä: University of Jyväskylä, 2014, 33 p. Information Systems Science, Bachelor’s Thesis Supervisor: Salo, Markus Mobile devices have become increasingly important marketing channel in recent years for all kinds of organizations. They allow marketers to bring forward relevant marketing information for the consumers based on location, purchase history, time and technology available. Although not brand new way of mar...

  9. Beyond the 'East-West' dichotomy:global variation in cultural models of selfhood

    OpenAIRE

    Vignoles, Vivian L.; Owe, Ellinor; Becker, Maja; Smith, Peter B.; Easterbrook, Matthew J.; González, Roberto; Didier, Nicolas; Carrasco, Diego; Schwartz, Seth J.; Des Rosiers, Sabrina E.; Villamar, Juan A.; Gavreliuc, Alin; Zinkeng, Martina; Kreuzbauer, Robert; Baguma, Peter

    2016-01-01

    Markus and Kitayama’s (1991) theory of independent and interdependent self-construals had a major influence on social, personality and developmental psychology by highlighting the role of culture in psychological processes. However, research has relied excessively on contrasts between North American and East Asian samples, and commonly-used self-report measures of independence and interdependence frequently fail to show predicted cultural differences. We revisited the conceptualization and me...

  10. The book thief

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leandro Diniz

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available The Book Thief (The Book Thief, in the original is an Australian writer of the novel juvenile Markus Zusak, published in 2006. In Brazil, his work was launched in March 2007 by the publisher Intrinsically, translated by Vera Ribeiro, and so far has sold nationally more than 105 thousand copies. Among the nine books that the author has published, only two books have translated into Portuguese: I am the messenger and The Book Thief.

  11. Influences of International Attitudes and Possible Selves on Willingness to Communicate in English : A Comparative Analysis of Models for Japanese High School and University Learners of English

    OpenAIRE

    菅原, 健太; 佐野, 愛子; 河合, 靖; 横山, 吉樹; 中村, 香恵子; 三ッ木, 真実; Kenta, SUGAWARA; Aiko, SANO; Yasushi, KAWAI; Yoshiki, YOKOYAMA; Kaeko, NAKAMURA; Makoto, MITSUGI; Hokkaido University; Graduate School, Hokkaido University; Hokkaido University

    2013-01-01

    The importance of the willingness to communicate(WTC) in English has been emphasized in contemporary English education in Japan. Past research identified key elements of the WTC, but the relationships with individuals' future vision, which have been the focus of recent research on second language motivation, have not been explored in detail. Our study uses Markus and associates' theory of possible selves as a framework to capture the future-oriented self-cognition, and aims to investigate the...

  12. Categorias Cluster

    OpenAIRE

    Queiroz, Dayane Andrade

    2015-01-01

    Neste trabalho apresentamos as categorias cluster, que foram introduzidas por Aslak Bakke Buan, Robert Marsh, Markus Reineke, Idun Reiten e Gordana Todorov, com o objetivo de categoriíicar as algebras cluster criadas em 2002 por Sergey Fomin e Andrei Zelevinsky. Os autores acima, em [4], mostraram que existe uma estreita relação entre algebras cluster e categorias cluster para quivers cujo grafo subjacente é um diagrama de Dynkin. Para isto desenvolveram uma teoria tilting na estrutura triang...

  13. Kaliningradi biennaal / Sandra Jõgeva

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jõgeva, Sandra, 1976-

    2008-01-01

    IX rahvusvaheline graafikabiennaal "Kaliningrad-Königsberg 2008" Kaliningradi kunstigaleriis 15. IX-15. XI. Eesti väljapanek (kuraator Eha Komissarov, kujundaja Marko Nautras, osalejad: Jaanika Okk, Kaarel Kütas, Lauri Koppel, Gerda Märtens, Raul Meel, Lembe Ruben, HULA, Villem Jahu, Tiiu Pirsko, Mati Veermets, Sandra Jõgeva) sai ekspositsioonipreemia. Grand prix - Paulis Liepa, I preemia - Olrik Kohlhoff, II - Dominica Sadowska, III - Raffael Rheinsberg, eripreemia - Markus Lampinen

  14. Synergy in supramolecular chemistry

    CERN Document Server

    Nabeshima, Tatsuya

    2014-01-01

    Synergy and Cooperativity in Multi-metal Supramolecular Systems, T. NabeshimaHierarchically Assembled Titanium Helicates, Markus AlbrechtSupramolecular Hosts and Catalysts Formed by Self-assembly of Multinuclear Zinc Complexes in Aqueous Solution, Shin AokiSupramolecular Assemblies Based on Interionic Interactions, H. MaedaSupramolecular Synergy in the Formation and Function of Guanosine Quadruplexes, Jeffery T. DavisOn-Surface Chirality in Porous Self-Assembled Monolayers at Liquid-Solid Interface, Kazukuni Tahar

  15. Wiiralt plaadiümbrisel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Ilmus progerockansambli King Krimsoni praeguse trummari Pat Mastelotto ja Saksa multiinstrumentalisti Markus Reuteri kahemehebändi Tuner kolmas album "Müüt", mis on salvestatud möödunud aasta oktoobris Tallinnas, Tartus ja Viljandis Jazzkaare kontsertidel. Plaadi ümbrise kujunduses on baski päritolu disainer Ritxi Ostariz kasutanud mitmeid Eduard Wiiralti tuntud töid Kumu kogudest

  16. Essentializing the binary self: individualism and collectivism in cultural neuroscience

    OpenAIRE

    Martínez Mateo, M.; Cabanis, M.; Stenmanns, J.; Krach, S.

    2013-01-01

    Within the emerging field of Cultural Neurosciences (CN) one branch of research focuses on the neural underpinnings of "individualistic/Western" versus "collectivistic/Eastern" self-views. These studies uncritically adopt essentialist assumptions from classic cross-cultural research, mainly following the tradition of Markus & Kitayama (1991), into the domain of functional neuroimaging. In this comment we analyze recent publications and conference proceedings of the 18t...

  17. Eesti arhitektuur trügis maailmakaardile / Tiina Kolk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kolk, Tiina

    2004-01-01

    Neli eesti arhitektide projekteeritud hoonet on pääsenud kunstikirjastuse Phaidon raamatusse "The Phaidon Atlas of Contemporary World Architecture": Indrek Allmanni paariselamu Luccas, Martin Aunini eramu Orro Tabasalus, Indrek Näki Neiseri tööstushoone ja büroo 3+1 arhitektide Villa V. 3+1 arhitektid Markus Kaasik, Andres Ojari, Ilmar Valdur ja Inga Raukas esindavad ka Leedumaad Eesti saatkonnahoonega Vilniuses. 4 ill

  18. Tallinna XIII graafikatriennaali grand prix' pälvis leedu graafik Egle Kuckaite

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    Kolm võrdset preemiat: Sang-gon Chung Lõuna-Koreast, Krishs Salmanis Lätist ja Joanne Soroka Shotimaalt. Diplomid: Anonymous Boh ja Eve Kiiler Eestist, Pete Nevin Inglismaalt, Hanna Oinonen Soomest ja venetsueela-soome kunstnik Sandra Vina de Karila. Tallinna linna preemia: John Smith (Marko Mäetamm & Kaido Ole) Eestist. Eesti Kunstimuuseumi preemia: Markus Lampinen Soomest. Eesti Panga preemia: Leonards Laganovskis Lätist

  19. Kolmas aed = The Third Garden / Martin Melioranski

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Melioranski, Martin

    2006-01-01

    Aed ja eramu Meriväljal Viimsi ja Väina tee nurgal. Projekt: Arhitektuuriagentuur. Autorid: Inga Raukas, Toomas Tammis, Tarmo Teedumäe. Haljastuse konsultant Signe Peipman. Projekt 2005, valmis 2006. Aed ja eramu Naeri tänaval. Projekt: Kolm Pluss Üks Arhitektid. Autorid: Markus Kaasik, Andres Ojari, Ilmar Valdur, Merje Müürsepp, Kalle Komissarov (2002). Projekt 2002-2004, valmis 2005. Ill.: kaks plaani, 6 värv. vaadet

  20. Impact of aerobic exercise on sleep and motor skills in children with autism spectrum disorders – a pilot study

    OpenAIRE

    Brand, Serge; Jossen,Stefanie; Holsboer-Trachsler,Edith; Pühse,Uwe; Gerber,Markus

    2015-01-01

    Serge Brand,1,2,* Stefanie Jossen,2,* Edith Holsboer-Trachsler,1 Uwe Pühse,2 Markus Gerber21Psychiatric Clinics of the University of Basel, Center for Affective, Stress and Sleep Disorders (ZASS), 2Department of Sport, Exercise and Health, Sport Science Section, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland*These authors contributed equally to this work and share the first authorshipBackground: Prevalence rates of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have increased dramatically in the last two d...

  1. Entrepreneuring mothers motivation and commitment from the perspective of possible selves

    OpenAIRE

    Vershinina, Natalia; Phillips, N.

    2017-01-01

    This paper has been accepted for ISBE conference in November 2017. We are hoping to only publish the abstract in proceedings as we are in the process of developing the manuscript for submission to a journal. Abstract Objectives We examine the relationships between how women cope with role conflict and develop self-conceptions during motherhood and whilst managing an entrepreneurial venture. Prior Work The concept of possible selves (Markus and Nurius, 1986), representing individuals’...

  2. Semiannual Report to the Congress. October 1, 2012 to March 31, 2013

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-01

    of a Taiwanese technology company, who attempted to purchase extra-high-per- formance microwave pyramid absorbers, ultra-broadband microwave...continental United States that did not previously have oversight by an Army financial management center. Army disbursing offices are located in Sinai, Egypt ...lucrative pay- ments for these companies. Markus opened or established control over multiple foreign bank accounts in Jordan and Egypt to receive

  3. Determination of absorbed dose calibration factors for therapy level electron beam ionization chambers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McEwen, M R; Williams, A J; DuSautoy, A R

    2001-03-01

    Over several years the National Physical Laboratory (NPL) has been developing an absorbed dose calibration service for electron beam radiotherapy. To test this service, a number of trial calibrations of therapy level electron beam ionization chambers have been carried out during the last 3 years. These trials involved 17 UK radiotherapy centres supplying a total of 46 chambers of the NACP, Markus, Roos and Farmer types. Calibration factors were derived from the primary standard calorimeter at seven energies in the range 4 to 19 MeV with an estimated uncertainty of +/-1.5% at the 95% confidence level. Investigations were also carried out into chamber perturbation, polarity effects, ion recombination and repeatability of the calibration process. The instruments were returned to the radiotherapy centres for measurements to be carried out comparing the NPL direct calibration with the 1996 IPEMB air kerma based Code of Practice. It was found that, in general, all chambers of a particular type showed the same energy response. However, it was found that polarity and recombination corrections were quite variable for Markus chambers-differences in the polarity correction of up to 1% were seen. Perturbation corrections were obtained and were found to agree well with the standard data used in the IPEMB Code. The results of the comparison between the NPL calibration and IPEMB Code show agreement between the two methods at the +/-1% level for the NACP and Farmer chambers, but there is a significant difference for the Markus chambers of around 2%. This difference between chamber types is most likely to be due to the design of the Markus chamber.

  4. Metformin prevents the development of goiter in diabetes mellitus type 2

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A K Lipatenkova

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Реферат по материалам статьи Ittermann T, Markus MR, Schipf S, Derwahl KM, Meisinger C, Volzke H. Metformin Inhibits Goitrogenous Effects of Type 2 Diabetes. Eur J Endocrinol. 2013 May 17;169(1:9-15. doi: 10.1530/EJE-13-0101. Print 2013.

  5. Practical electron dosimetry: a comparison of different types of ionization chambers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dohm, O.S.; Christ, G.

    2002-01-01

    Since Markus chambers are no longer recommended in the 1997 DIN 6800-2 version there are uncertainties as to the use of alternative chamber types for electron dosimetry. Therefore, we performed a comparison between different types of ionization chambers. In particular, the widespread Farmer and Roos chambers were compared with the Markus chamber for polarity effect, chamber-to-chamber variation, and deviations of the measured absorbed dose relative to the value obtained with the Roos chamber (which is regarded as an ideal Bragg-Gray-chamber). The perturbation correction factor at 60 Co radiation was determined experimentally as 1,029 ± 0,5% (Roos chamber) and 1,018 ± 0,5% (Markus chamber) for the investigated plane-parallel chambers. In addition, we could show that the Roos chambers do not have a larger chamber-to-chamber variation than the Farmer chambers. Likewise, our results suggest that Farmer chambers could be used for electron energies above 6 MeV. (orig.) [de

  6. The Comorbidity between Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD in Children and Arabic Speech Sound Disorder

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ruaa Osama Hariri

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Children with Attention-Deficiency/Hyperactive Disorder (ADHD often have co-existing learning disabilities and developmental weaknesses or delays in some areas including speech (Rief, 2005. Seeing that phonological disorders include articulation errors and other forms of speech disorders, studies pertaining to children with ADHD symptoms who demonstrate signs of phonological disorders in their native Arabic language are lacking. The purpose of this study is to provide a description of Arabic language deficits and to present a theoretical model of potential associations between phonological language deficits and ADHD. Dodd and McCormack’s (1995 four subgroups classification of speech disorder and the phonological disorders pertaining to the Arabic language provided by a Saudi Institute for Speech and Hearing are examined within the theoretical framework. Since intervention may improve articulation and focuses a child’s attention on the sound structure of words, findings in this study are based on the assumption that children with ADHD may acquire phonology for their Arabic language in the same way, and following the same developmental stages as intelligible children. Both quantitative and qualitative analyses have proven that the ADHD group analyzed in this study had indeed failed to acquire most of their Arabic consonants as they should have. Keywords: speech sound disorder, attention-deficiency/hyperactive, developmental disorder, phonological disorder, language disorder/delay, language impairment

  7. Androgenic alopecia in women: an Indian perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sehgal, Virendra N; Srivastava, Govind; Aggarwal, Ashok K; Midha, Reshmi

    2013-01-01

    The authors sought to investigate androgenic alopecia (AA) utilizing clinical and investigative procedures to establish the pattern of AA in the Indian subcontinent. A total of 35 consecutive women presenting with AA were included. After obtaining informed consent, a detailed history/examination, hair pull test, trichogram, and a scalp biopsy were performed in patients. AA classification was attempted across Ludwig and Norwood guidelines. Of 35 women, 16 had grade I, 10 had grade II, and 1 had grade III Ludwig classification. In addition, 6 other women had Christmas tree baldness: 1 each of fronto-parietal and male pattern baldness. Several investigations including hormonal profile were inconclusive; however, hair pull test and trichogram may be helpful in understanding the sequence in AA in women. AA has infrequently been reported, particularly India and in Asia in general.

  8. Editor's note: Reviews in Modern Astronomy 27

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berlepsch, Regina v.

    2015-06-01

    In order to make the scientific events of the meetings of the Astronomische Gese llschaft (AG) more international and bring them to the attention of the worldwide astronomical community, it was decided to devote the Reviews in Modern Astronomy} to the outcomes of the large annual fall meetings of the AG. In particular, it emphasized the Karl Schwarzschild Lectures, the Ludwig Biermann Award Lectures, the invited reviews, and the highlight contributions on recent progress and achievements from leading scientists. The most prestigious of them, the Karl Schwarzschild Lectures, constitutes a special series of reviews by outstanding scientists who have been awarded the Karl Schwarzschild Medal during the fall meeting of the AG. At the same time, excellent young astronomers are honored by the Ludwig Biermann Award. In 2010 the ``Doctoral Thesis Award'' was established to honor the most outstanding Doctoral Thesis of the past year.

  9. National Calendar-2009

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ghedrovici, Vera; Svet, Maria; Matvei, Valeria; Perju, Elena; Sargun, Maria; Netida, Maria

    2009-10-01

    The calendar represents a few hundreds of biographies of scientists, artists and writers from everywhere, printed in chronological order and adjusted to their birthdays. A number of international and national holydays, including some refering to science are included in the Calendar. A great deffect of the Calendar is the introduction in the list of holydays of the "international day of astrology". Another defect is the absence of the indication of the membership to Communist Parties for persons cited from the former USSR and former Communist Countries. The following physicists, astronomers and mathematicians had biographies in the actual issue: Kon, Lia Z., Arnautov, Vladimir I. (math), Tsukerblat, B., Kapitza, P., Donici (Donitch), N.N., Sklodowska-Curie, Maria, da Vinci, Leonardo, Birkhof, George David, Galilei, Galileo, Pisarzhveskij, Lev (chemist), Mossbauer, Rudolf Ludwig, Clochisner (Klokishner), Sofia I., Miscoi (Mishkoy), Gh. (Math), Mendel, Gregor Lohan (genet.), Glavan, Vasile (math), Chetrus (Ketrush), P. (chem), Bostan, Ion (mech. eng.), Boltzmann, Ludwig Ed.

  10. JPRS Report Science & Technology Japan

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-10-25

    Ernaehrungsphysiologie Max-Planck-Institut fuer Biochemie Institut fuer Biochemie, Ludwig-Maximilian-Universitaet Instituto di Chimica, Facolt’ di Medicina ...issue to be discussed from the administrative and legal perspectives] (1) Board of Directors This is a board whose members are scientists. The...envisaged; 3. The participants urge that the time is now ripe for the governments of the countries involved to discuss an appropriate legal

  11. Wittgenstein, medicine and neuropsychiatry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hélio A.G. Teive

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available A historical review is presented of the link between Ludwig Wittgenstein, considered the most important philosopher of the 20th century, and medicine, particularly neurology and psychiatry. Wittgenstein worked as a porter at Guy's Hospital in London, and then as a technician at the Royal Victoria Infirmary in Newcastle. He wrote about his important insights into language, and neuroscience. It has been suggested that he had Asperger syndrome and a possible movement disorder (mannerisms.

  12. Nuclear medical approaches to clinical research; Nuklearmedizinische Ansaetze in der klinischen Forschung

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Otte, Andreas; Nguyen, Tristan (eds.)

    2009-11-15

    In the frame of the master course Clinical research management at the scientific college Lahr in cooperation with the Albert-Ludwigs-University Freiburg three contributions are presented: Functional imaging - supported clinical studies in the sleep research. A comparison of NMR imaging versus SPECT and PET (advantages and disadvantages). Clinical studies with ionizing radiation and the radiation fear of the public. The new radioimmunotherapeutic agent Zevalin and the challenges at the market.

  13. Nuclear medical approaches to clinical research

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Otte, Andreas; Nguyen, Tristan

    2009-01-01

    In the frame of the master course Clinical research management at the scientific college Lahr in cooperation with the Albert-Ludwigs-University Freiburg three contributions are presented: Functional imaging - supported clinical studies in the sleep research. A comparison of NMR imaging versus SPECT and PET (advantages and disadvantages). Clinical studies with ionizing radiation and the radiation fear of the public. The new radioimmunotherapeutic agent Zevalin and the challenges at the market.

  14. Three Hungarian researchers and three periods of the history and culture of the Albanian people

    OpenAIRE

    Myrvete Dreshaj-Baliu

    2016-01-01

    The object of this study is the contribution of three Hungarian researchers: the publicist, the editor and the historian Windisch (Karl Go$ lieb von Windisch, 1725 -1793); the outstanding historian, medievalist, latinist and germanist Thalloczy (Ludwig von Thallóczy, 1857-1916); and the geographer and ethnographer of international dimensions Nopcsa (Baron Nopcsha 1877-1933). Their selection is not random; it refl ects the up to now development in the science of Albanology and our goal as rese...

  15. Leadership in the Shenandoah Valley and North Africa: Historical Studies in Mission Command

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-13

    had even less to go back to, in Jackson’s Mill.66 Although his classmates found him socially reserved and eccentric , he earned their respect...transferred to Jackson’s command. Although it would take time for them to arrive, the wheels were in motion to build a force capable of operating against...under General Ludwig Cruewell, Commander of the Afrika Korps, would act as a fixing force and conduct a feint while the southern wing wheeled and

  16. Prevalence and natural history of ALK positive non-small-cell lung cancer and the clinical impact of targeted therapy with ALK inhibitors

    OpenAIRE

    Chia, Puey Ling; John,Thomas; Dobrovic,Alex; Mitchell,Paul

    2014-01-01

    Puey Ling Chia,1 Paul Mitchell,1 Alexander Dobrovic,2–4 Thomas John1,2,4 1Department of Medical Oncology, Olivia-Newton John Cancer and Wellness Centre, Victoria, Australia; 2Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research, Austin Health, Victoria, Australia; 3Department of Pathology, University of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia; 4School of Cancer Medicine, La Trobe University, Victoria, Australia Abstract: Improved understanding of molecular drivers of carcinogenesis has led to significant p...

  17. The uncertainty principle

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Martens, Hans.

    1991-01-01

    The subject of this thesis is the uncertainty principle (UP). The UP is one of the most characteristic points of differences between quantum and classical mechanics. The starting point of this thesis is the work of Niels Bohr. Besides the discussion the work is also analyzed. For the discussion of the different aspects of the UP the formalism of Davies and Ludwig is used instead of the more commonly used formalism of Neumann and Dirac. (author). 214 refs.; 23 figs

  18. Limpsides arhitektuuri = Licking Architecture / Thibaut de Ruyter

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ruyter, Thibaut de

    2006-01-01

    Autor kritiseerib kaasaegset meedia- ja pildikeskset maailma, kus arhitektuuriväljaannete rohkuses on kaduma läinud külastaja ja ehitise vahetu kogemuslik suhe. 1980-ndatel uuesti üles ehitatud Barcelona Paviljonist (Ludwig Mies van der Rohe), Hollandi saatkonna hoonest Berliinis (Rem Koolhaas), Andrea Fraseri (1965) Bilbao Guggenheimi muuseumis (Frank O. Gehry) 2001. a. tehtud videost "Little Frank and His Carp"

  19. Idrottsutövandets estetik : en narrativ studie om meningsskapande och lärande

    OpenAIRE

    Maivorsdotter, Ninitha

    2012-01-01

    The overall interest of this thesis is to explore aesthetic experience in sport and its significance for learning in sport. The main purpose is to contribute to a theoretical and methodological development of studies relating to learning in sport. The exploration is undertaken within the field of pragmatism using the works of John Dewey and Ludwig Wittgenstein. The exploration consists of four case studies, consisting mainly of narrative analyses of people’s written stories of participating i...

  20. EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE

    CERN Multimedia

    Association du personnel

    2010-01-01

    Composition 2010 Président :  Gianni DEROMA Vice-président :  Marcel AYMON Vice-président :  Sébastien EVRARD Secrétaire :  Michel GOOSSENS Trésorier :  Céline GROBON Membres :  Philippe DEFFERT  Roger GIRARDOT  Serge GRILLOT  Catherine LAVERRIERE  Michael LUDWIG  Sonia MALLON AMERIGO  Isabelle MARDIROSSIAN

  1. An Analysis of the Observed Low-level Structure of Rapidly Intensifying and Mature Hurricane Earl (2010)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-01-01

    structure. J. Atmos. Sci. 49: 919–942. Marks FD, Black PG, Montgomery MT, Burpee RW. 2008. Structure of the eye and eyewall of hurricane Hugo (1989...structure of rapidly intensifying and mature hurricane Earl (2010) Michael T. Montgomery,a* Jun A. Zhangb and Roger K. Smithc aDepartment of Meteorology...Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, CA, USA bNOAA Hurricane Research Division, Miami, FL, USA cMeteorological Institute, Ludwig Maximilians, University

  2. Kõnelused Tartus / Anne Untera

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Untera, Anne, 1951-

    2007-01-01

    8.-10. V Tartus toimunud eesti, läti ja saksa kunstiteadlaste ühisseminarist. Alexander Knorre rääkis Karl August Senffi, Ilona Audere Friedrich Ludwig von Maydelli, Mai Levin Karl Alexander von Winkleri, Kristiana Abele Johann Walter-Kurau (1869-1932), Anne Untera Konstantin ja Sally von Kügelgeni, Epp Preem Julie Hagen-Schwartzi, Friedrich Gross Eduard von Gebhardti ja Katharina Hadding Ida Kerkoviuse (1879-1970) loomingust

  3. Krimiens filosofiske undersøgelser

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Kim Toft

    I denne artikel tager Kim Toft Hansen over tre trin fat på Henning Mortensens forfatterskab og primært dennes såkaldte Sondrup-trilogi. Første trin bliver at præcisere, hvordan Mortensen metafiktivt dekonstruerer krimiens form. Andet trin analyserer Mortensens samfundskritik, der dukker op trods ...... dekonstruerende elementer. Tredje og sidste trin fokuserer på de filosofiske implikationer i Mortensens eksplicitte brug af Ludwig Wittgensteins filosofi....

  4. Object-oriented simulator of the dynamics of Embalse nuclear power plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Boroni, Gustavo A.; Cuadrado, M.; Clausse, Alejandro

    2000-01-01

    LUDWIG is an object-oriented simulator of the dynamics of the CANDU Nuclear power plant Embalse Rio Tercero. The tool consists in a numerical plant analyzer by means of a model of the plant dynamics during normal operation, and a graphic environment for configuration and visualization of results. The simulator was validated against plant transients occurred in the plant and recorded in the past. (author)

  5. A parameterization for the absorption of solar radiation by water vapor in the earth's atmosphere

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, W.-C.

    1976-01-01

    A parameterization for the absorption of solar radiation as a function of the amount of water vapor in the earth's atmosphere is obtained. Absorption computations are based on the Goody band model and the near-infrared absorption band data of Ludwig et al. A two-parameter Curtis-Godson approximation is used to treat the inhomogeneous atmosphere. Heating rates based on a frequently used one-parameter pressure-scaling approximation are also discussed and compared with the present parameterization.

  6. Mere Libertarianism: Blending Hayek and Rothbard

    OpenAIRE

    Klein, Daniel

    2003-01-01

    As many have argued, libertarianism as idea and movement contains strands that often conflict, beg questions, or try our sensibilities. There are multiple libertarianisms. Two leading theorists of modern libertarianism are Friedrich Hayek and Murray Rothbard. Both pupils of Ludwig von Mises, Hayek and Rothbard provide dual libertarianisms that share a common precept but sustain that precept in inverse ways. Both Hayek and Rothbard maintain that, in societies like theirs, the desirable always ...

  7. Analytic index of Wittgenstein´s Nachlass

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2010-01-01

    Together with Professor Mark Addis Birmingham and the Research Team at AKSIS, Bergen University, I have developed an interactive analytic index to the whole of the Nachlass of LudwigWittgenstein. The project is funded by Nordforsk/WAB-Bergen/VWA-Helsinki , and is associated with the EU discovery ...... program, and the European Cultural Heritage program. The application is available on the web at the Philospace Home Page....

  8. The Effect of Diethylene Glycol Monomethyl Ether (DiEGME) on Microbial Contamination of Jet Fuel: A Minimum Concentration Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-01

    Prescott , L. M.; Harley, J. P.; Klein, D. A. Microbiology . Fifth edition. McGraw Hill: New York, 2002. 26. Amman, R. I., Ludwig, W., Schleifer, K. H...Recent advances in petroleum microbiology . Microbiology and molecular biology reviews 2003, 67, 503-49. 6. Langer, G. JP-4 Fuel System Icing. Armour...Wright Air Development Center. 8. Elderfield, R. C. Proceedings on Jet Fuel Microbiology and Corrosion Conference. Prevention of Deterioration Center

  9. The Logical Basis of Evaluation Order and Pattern-Matching

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-04-17

    various people in the 1930s, particularly Wittgenstein (“It is what is regarded as the justification of an assertion that constitutes the sense of the...assertion” [ Wittgenstein , 1974, I,§40]), and Brouwer-Heyting-Kolmogorov in their interpretations of intuitionistic logic [Heyting, 1974, Kolmogorov, 1932...Technical Report CMU-CS-02-101, Department of Computer Science, Carnegie Mellon University, 2002. Revised May 2003. Ludwig Wittgenstein

  10. Wittgenstein, medicine and neuropsychiatry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teive, Hélio A G; Silva, Guilherme Ghizoni; Munhoz, Renato P

    2011-08-01

    A historical review is presented of the link between Ludwig Wittgenstein, considered the most important philosopher of the 20th century, and medicine, particularly neurology and psychiatry. Wittgenstein worked as a porter at Guy's Hospital in London, and then as a technician at the Royal Victoria Infirmary in Newcastle. He wrote about his important insights into language, and neuroscience. It has been suggested that he had Asperger syndrome and a possible movement disorder (mannerisms).

  11. Thomas Kuhn e a nova historiografia da ciência

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bernardo Jefferson de Oliveira

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available This article tries to show the Thomas Kuhn's critics to some conceptions of the contemporary historiography of science that became radical many of the positions formulated initially by Kuhn himself. It is still intended to show that the new orientation of Kuhn, starting from his critic to his successors, approaches him more of his initial influences, especially, Ludwig Wittgenstein and Ludwik Fleck.

  12. Conditions for Confirmatory Analysis and Causal Inference.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-05-03

    such behavior evolved because it had survival value. Other philosophers have not been so kind in dealing with Hume’s skepticism. Wittgenstein regarded...also in many other ways." _ Ludwig Wittgenstein (1980) We begin this section by restating the third principle for the logical foundation of...study in Wittgenstein . Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1973. Dubin, R. Theory building in applied areas. In M. D. Dunnette (Ed.), Handbook of industrial and

  13. Special Course on Subsonic/Transonic Aerodynamic Interference for Aircraft

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-07-01

    memory requirements. Small disturbance methods are inadequate, and they offer no reduction in computer costs. 4-5 3.2 BOUNDARY LAYER METHODS Widely...20th Ludwig Prandtl Memorial Lecture 1141 in 1977. A study of the flow in a right angled streanraise corner with fully turbulent boundary layers...manoctivrant, ofi line orientation variable die jet propulsif perinet die faire participer le nioteur A la sustentation die I’avion (et gaknient 5 qon

  14. Putting to Rest WISHE-ful Misconceptions for Tropical Cyclone Intensification

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-11-27

    Persing1, and Roger K. Smith2 1Department of Meteorology, Naval Postgraduate School , Monterey, California, USA, 2Meteorological Institute, Ludwig...NUMBER 5f. WORK UNIT NUMBER 7. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES) Naval Postgraduate School ,Department of Meteorology,Monterey,CA,93943...paper presented at 29th Conference on Hurri- canes and Tropical Meteorology, p. 8C.7, Amer. Meteorol. Soc., Tucson, Ariz. Figure 7. Azimuthally-averaged

  15. Con Drury: philosopher and psychiatrist.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hayes, John

    2017-12-01

    Maurice O'Connor Drury (1907-76), an Irish psychiatrist, is best known for his accounts of his close friendship with the eminent twentieth-century philosopher, Ludwig Wittgenstein. His only book, The Danger of Words (1973), was well received by those who had an interest in the relationship between psychiatry, psychology and philosophy. This article concentrates on Drury's experiences, studies and writings in these fields.

  16. Predictability of the individual clinical outcome of extracorporeal shock wave therapy for cellulite

    OpenAIRE

    Schlaudraff, Kai-Uwe; Kiessling, Maren C; Császár, Nikolaus BM; Schmitz, Christoph

    2014-01-01

    Kai-Uwe Schlaudraff,1 Maren C Kiessling,2 Nikolaus BM Császár,2 Christoph Schmitz21Concept Clinic, Geneva, Switzerland; 2Department of Anatomy II, Ludwig-Maximilians-University of Munich, Munich, GermanyBackground: Extracorporeal shock wave therapy has been successfully introduced for the treatment of cellulite in recent years. However, it is still unknown whether the individual clinical outcome of cellulite treatment with extracorporeal shock wave therapy can be predict...

  17. Paul Ehrenfest

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Broda, E.

    1982-01-01

    This is a short biography about Paul Ehrenfest, a famous austrian physicist and student of Ludwig Boltzmann. Ehrenfest contributed important work to thermodynamics and quantum mechanics (a.o. adiabatic invariants, and the Ehrenfest theorem). Broda describes not only his scientific research but also his interaction and relation to other famous physicist of his time, like Erwin Schrödinger, Albert Einstein and others. (nowak)

  18. Ecology of Postlarval Stages of Chigger Mites.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-12-05

    annual meeting of Georgia Entomological Society, Tifton GA . Hayes, M. J., D. A. Crossley, Jr. and D. F. Ludwig. 1883. The behaviorial response of larval...A. Crossley, Jr. Ph.D., Principal Investigator Research Professor, Department of Entomology University of Georgia, Athens, GA . 30602 ?~f. and #.i...Mary Jo Hayes, Ph.D. Post-doctoral Associate, Department of Entomology University of Georgia, Athens, GA . 30602 Approved for public release

  19. Kayh am Beginn der Neuzeit

    OpenAIRE

    Trugenberger, Volker

    1990-01-01

    Die Kayher Gegend barg in ihrem Boden einen besonderen Schatz: Alabaster. Herzog Ludwig von Württemberg kaufte eigens zwischen 1581 und 1586 von den Kayher Bürgern Urban Binder, Jakob Schwarz und Martin Noppel deren auf Altinger Markung uffm kreidengraben gelegene Äcker mit alapasterstein, insgesamt 2 Morgen. Der darauf gebrochene Alabaster wurde für Kunstwerke verwandt, die im Auftrag des Herzogs angefertigt wurden; er wurde nicht abgebaut, um ihn anderweitig zu verkaufen und damit Gewinne z...

  20. 'GORGEOUS MONSTROSITY': DERRIDA'S DECONSTRUCTION AS AN ALTERNATIVE POSTMODERNIST TOOL IN ANALYSING ALASDAIR GRAY'S POOR THINGS

    OpenAIRE

    Joanna Małecka

    2009-01-01

    The article is a postmodernism interpretation of Alasdair Gray's acclaimed novel "The Poor Things". The main motifs in the novel are re-read in the light of the theories of Jacques Derrida and Ludwig Wittgenstein. At the centre of the analysis stands the intertextual and deconstructive reading of the role of the main heroine, Bella Baxter. As the novel's 'gorgeous monstrosity', Bella is a prototype construct embedded in the linguistic nature of reality. In Gray's postmodern vision, Bella embo...

  1. Landscape fragmentation in South Coast Renosterveld, South Africa, in relation to rainfall and topography

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Kemper, J

    2000-04-01

    Full Text Available be identified on the basis of irreplaceability (presence of unique attributes; contribution to achiev- ing a reservation goal) and on actual and potential threats (Pressey et al. 1996). ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS We thank William Bond, Steven Higgins, Richard Hobbs, John... Ludwig and Chris Margules for com- menting on earlier versions of this manuscript. CSIR, South Africa and the Pew Charitable Trust are thanked for funding this project. REFERENCES Computer Centre for Water Research (1996) Computer Centre for Water...

  2. TiO2 micro-nano-hybrid surface to alleviate biological aging of UV-photofunctionalized titanium

    OpenAIRE

    Iwasa F; Tsukimura N; Sugita Y, Kanuru RK; Kubo K; Hasnain H; Att W; Ogawa T

    2011-01-01

    Fuminori Iwasa1, Naoki Tsukimura1, Yoshihiko Sugita1, Rajita Kodali Kanuru1, Katsutoshi Kubo1, Hafiz Hasnain1, Wael Att1,2, Takahiro Ogawa11Laboratory of Bone and Implant Sciences (LBIS), The Weintraub Center for Reconstructive Biotechnology, Division of Advanced Prosthodontics, Biomaterials and Hospital Dentistry, UCLA School of Dentistry, Los Angeles, CA, USA; 2Department of Prosthodontics, Dental School, Albert-Ludwigs University, Freiburg, GermanyAbstract: Bioactivity and osteoconductivit...

  3. Teaching physics in a physiologically meaningful manner

    OpenAIRE

    Michael Plomer; Karsten Jessen; Georgi Rangelov; Michael Meyer

    2010-01-01

    The learning outcome of a physics laboratory course for medical students was examined in an interdisciplinary field study and discussed for the electrical physiology (“Propagation of Excitation and Nerve Cells”). At the Ludwig-Maximilians-University of Munich (LMU) at a time about 300 medicine students were assessed in two successive years. Students from the control group worked with standard experiments, while students from the treatment group performed newly developed “addressee-specific” e...

  4. Pynchon and Wittgenstein: ethics, relativism and philosophical methodology

    OpenAIRE

    Eve, Martin Paul

    2014-01-01

    This piece presents a tripartite analysis of the relationship between the philosophical works of Ludwig Wittgenstein and the novels of Thomas Pynchon. This is broadly structured around three schools of Wittgenstein scholarship identified by Guy Kahane et al. as the Orthodox Tractatus, the New Wittgenstein, and several strands of the Orthodox Investigations (Kahane et al. 4-14). Moving from the earliest affiliation that Pynchon stages between Wittgenstein and Weissman, the underlying theme lie...

  5. Sobre o transcendental prático e a dialética da sociabilidade

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz Henrique Lopes dos Santos

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Ao escrever Apresentação do mundo: considerações sobre o pensamento de Ludwig Wittgenstein, as intenções de José Arthur Giannotti não eram principalmente exegéticas. Ele pretendia trilhar alguns caminhos abertos por Ludwig Wittgenstein no intuito de lidar com suas próprias obsessões filosóficas. Neste artigo, mostro por que e como algumas das linhas de pensamento de Wittgenstein ajudaram Giannotti a clarear logicamente alguns de seus próprios temas filosóficos obsessivos: o transcendental prático e a dialética da sociabilidade.In writing Presentation of the World: considerations on the thought of Ludwig Wittgenstein, Giannotti's intentions were not primarily exegetical. He aimed to follow some of Wittgenstein's conceptual pathways in order to deal with his own philosophical obsessions. In this paper, I show why and how some of Wittgenstein's lines of thought helped Giannotti to logically clarify a couple of his own obsessive philosophical themes: the practical transcendental and the dialectic of sociability.

  6. Melatonin modulates rat myotube-acetylcholine receptors by inhibiting calmodulin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Almeida-Paula, Lidiana Duarte; Costa-Lotufo, Leticia V; Silva Ferreira, Zulma; Monteiro, Amanda Elisa G; Isoldi, Mauro Cesar; Godinho, Rosely O; Markus, Regina P

    2005-11-21

    Melatonin, the pineal gland hormone, modulates alpha-bungarotoxin sensitive nicotinic acetylcholine receptors in sympathetic nerve terminals, cerebellum and chick retina imposing a diurnal variation in functional responses [Markus, R.P., Zago, W.M., Carneiro, R.C., 1996. Melatonin modulation of presynaptic nicotinic acetylcholine receptors in the rat vas deferens. J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther. 279, 18-22; Markus, R.P., Santos, J.M., Zago, W., Reno, L.A., 2003. Melatonin nocturnal surge modulates nicotinic receptors and nicotine-induced [3HI] glutamate release in rat cerebellum slices. J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther. 305, 525-530; Sampaio, L.F.S., Hamassaki-Britto, D.E., Markus, R.P., 2005. Influence of melatonin on the development of functional nicotinic acetylcholine receptors in cultured chick retinal cells. Braz. J. Med. Biol. Res. 38, 603-613]. Here we show that in rat myotubes forskolin and melatonin reduced the number of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors expressed in plasma membrane. In addition, these cells expressed melatonin MT1 receptors, which are known to be coupled to G(i)-protein. However, the pharmacological profile of melatonin analogs regarding the reduction in cyclic AMP accumulation and number of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors did not point to a mechanism mediated by activation of G(i)-protein coupled receptors. On the other hand, calmidazolium, a classical inhibitor of calmodulin, reduced in a similar manner both effects. Considering that one isoform of adenylyl cyclase present in rat myotubes is regulated by Ca2+/calmodulin, we propose that melatonin modulates the number of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors via reduction in cyclic AMP accumulation.

  7. Multimedia over cognitive radio networks algorithms, protocols, and experiments

    CERN Document Server

    Hu, Fei

    2014-01-01

    PrefaceAbout the EditorsContributorsNetwork Architecture to Support Multimedia over CRNA Management Architecture for Multimedia Communication in Cognitive Radio NetworksAlexandru O. Popescu, Yong Yao, Markus Fiedler , and Adrian P. PopescuPaving a Wider Way for Multimedia over Cognitive Radios: An Overview of Wideband Spectrum Sensing AlgorithmsBashar I. Ahmad, Hongjian Sun, Cong Ling, and Arumugam NallanathanBargaining-Based Spectrum Sharing for Broadband Multimedia Services in Cognitive Radio NetworkYang Yan, Xiang Chen, Xiaofeng Zhong, Ming Zhao, and Jing WangPhysical Layer Mobility Challen

  8. Services in wireless sensor networks modelling and optimisation for the efficient discovery of services

    CERN Document Server

    Becker, Markus

    2014-01-01

    In recent years, originally static and single purpose Wireless Sensor Networks have moved towards applications that need support for mobility and multiple purposes. These heterogeneous applications and services demand for a framework which distributes and discovers the various services, so that other pieces of equipment can use them. Markus Becker studies, extends, analytically models, simulates and employs the so called Trickle algorithm in measurements in a Wireless Sensor Network test bed for the service distribution. The obtained results apply to the application of the Trickle algorithm at

  9. ERKÜ valimiste tulemused

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    8. aprilli koosolekul kinnitas valimiste peakomitee XIX Esinduskogu liikmed: Mati Kõiva, Ylo Anson, Juhan Simonson, Airi Vaga, Gilda M. Karu, Taavo Virkhaus, Marju Rink-Abel, Markus Vaga, Eric Suuberg, Endel Reinpõld, Jaak Juhansoo, Ülle Ederma, Lya Karm, Heino Jõgis, Kersti Linask, Jaak Rakfeldt, Erik Puskar, Jüri Linask, Viiu Vanderer, Andres Kurrik, Mati Valdek Laan, Ilmar Vanderer, Henno Uus, Jüri Tults, Urmas Wompa, Astrid Jaanson, Jüri Virkus, Lilian G. G. Bein, Tiina Harris, Tõnu Vanderer

  10. A menina que roubava livros

    OpenAIRE

    Diniz, Leandro

    2008-01-01

    The Book Thief (The Book Thief, in the original) is an Australian writer of the novel juvenile Markus Zusak, published in 2006. In Brazil, his work was launched in March 2007 by the publisher Intrinsically, translated by Vera Ribeiro, and so far has sold nationally more than 105 thousand copies. Among the nine books that the author has published, only two books have translated into Portuguese: I am the messenger and The Book Thief. A Menina que Roubava Livros (The Book Thief, no original) ...

  11. Spatial and temporal patterns of global H5N1 outbreaks

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Si, YL

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available -96. Walter, C., Mcbratney, A. B., Rossel, R. A. V. and Markus, J. A., 2005. Spatial point-process statistics: concepts and application to the analysis of lead contamination in urban soil. Environmetrics, 16, pp. 339-355. Ward, M. P., Maftei, D., Apostu... OF GLOBAL H5N1 OUTBREAKS Y.L. Si a,c, *, P. Debba b, A. K. Skidmore a, A. G. Toxopeus a, L. Li c a ITC, Department of Natural Resources, 7500AA Enschede, The Netherlands – (yali, skidmore, toxopeus)@itc.nl b Council for Scientific and Industrial...

  12. Virtual violin in the digital domain : physical modeling and model-based sound synthesis of violin and its interactive application in virtual environment

    OpenAIRE

    Holm, Jan-Markus

    2004-01-01

    Viulun mallintaminen on tunnustettu maailmanlaajuisesti erittäin haasteelliseksi ongelmaksi. Väitöskirjan syntymistä ja tutkimuksessa esitettyjen uusien tekniikoiden kehittämistä ovatkin ohjanneet pitkälle käytännön syyt. On ollut tarve pyrkiä luomaan aiempaa luotettavampia ja todenmukaisempia fysikaalisia malleja, mm. äänisynteesiä varten syntetisaattoreihin ja esimerkiksi mobiililaitteisiin, Jan-Markus Holm kertoo viulun fysikaalista mallintamista käsittelevän väitöstyönsä taustoista....

  13. Proceedings of the 22nd ACM conference on Hypertext and hypermedia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    and Ubiquitous Hypermedia, chaired by Niels Olof Bouvin and Frank Shipman; Social Media (Linking People and Things), chaired by Andreas Hotho, Gerd Stumme and Markus Strohmaier; Interaction, Narrative, and Storytelling, chaired by Mark Bernstein and Frank Nack. Three keynote speakers represent the breadth, depth....... Noshir Contractor investigates factors that lead to the formation, maintenance and dissolution of dynamically linked social and knowledge networks. The Program Committee and the reviewers worked hard to select an excellent program from 104 paper submissions. We accepted 31 full papers and 4 short papers...

  14. Handbook of graph drawing and visualization

    CERN Document Server

    Tamassia, Roberto

    2013-01-01

    Planarity Testing and Embedding Maurizio PatrignaniCrossings and Planarization Christoph Buchheim, Markus Chimani, Carsten Gutwenger, Michael Jünger, and Petra MutzelSymmetric Graph Drawing Peter Eades and Seok-Hee HongProximity Drawings Giuseppe LiottaTree Drawing Algorithms Adrian RusuPlanar Straight-Line Drawing Algorithms Luca VismaraPlanar Orthogonal and Polyline Drawing Algorithms Christian A. Duncan and Michael T. GoodrichSpine and Radial Drawings Emilio Di Giacomo, Walter Didimo, and Giuseppe LiottaCircular Drawing Algorithms Janet M. Six and Ioannis G. TollisRectangular Drawing Algori

  15. Energy and integrated dose dependence of MOSFET dosimeter for clinical electron beams

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Manigandan, D.; Bharanidharan, G.; Aruna, P.; Ganesan, S.; Tamil Kumar, T.; Rai

    2008-01-01

    In this study, the sensitivity (mV/cGy) and integral dose dependence of a MOSFET detector for different clinical electron beams was studied. Calibrated clinical electron beams (Varian 2100) were used for the exposure. A Markus type parallel plate chamber was used for the absolute dose measurements. In order to study the sensitivity of a MOSFET, the response of the ion chamber and MOSFET for the absorbed dose of 100 cGy was measured. The sensitivity of the MOSFET was then expressed as mV/cGy. Sensitivity was measured for 4-18 MeV electron beams. (author)

  16. Uued agulimajad = New Suburb Houses / Andri Ksenofontov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ksenofontov, Andri, 1962-

    2005-01-01

    Tallinna ajalooliste eeslinnade teke ja kujunemine. Agulite olukord tänapäeval ja haldus viimastel aastatel. Büroo 3+1 projekteeritud ühepereelamu Magasini kvartalis (arhitektid Andres Ojari, Markus Kaasik, Ilmar Valdur, Merje Müürisepp, Kalle Komissarov). Neljakorruseline elamu Õle t. 23/Härjapea t. 14, ühtlasi arhitektide Madis Eegi ja Margit Mutso kodu. Gert Sarve projekteeritud kahepereelamu Herne t. 9. KOKO arhitektide Raivo Kotovi ja Tõnis Kimmeli projekteeritud korterelamu Vabriku t. 33. Ill.: 12 plaani, 14 värv. vaadet

  17. The Ursern electricity utility - Positive and negative aspects

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Niederhaeusern, A.

    2008-01-01

    In this interview with Markus Russi, head of an electricity utility in the Swiss Alps, recent Swiss legislation such as the Energy law and the cost-covering remuneration of power from renewable energy sources is discussed. The production of the power generation facilities belonging to the utility - hydropower and wind energy - is discussed and future refurbishment and expansion work noted. The situation in the electricity market and co-operation with other local electricity utilities are also discussed and various disadvantages of the new Swiss electricity market legislation are noted. Future partnerships with other utilities with similar business strategies are discussed.

  18. A study of the woman in the crowd and her desperate courage (Mark 5:21–43

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robin G. Branch

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available This article examines the cameo appearance of an unnamed woman in the gospel of Mark, a member of a crowd following Jesus (Mk 5:24b–34. Chronically ill and probably dying, she thinks she is inconspicuous. The text identifies her in terms of her gender, illness, covenant status, prolonged suffering and penury. Yet, a careful reading reveals her stealth, desperation, courage and eloquence − all elements of character and, it turns out, of a faith focused on Jesus. Combining both literary and canonical insights, this article shows how the story of the anonymous woman, set within the larger context of the healing of Jairus’ daughter, sheds light on the developing concepts of faith, fear, purity, discipleship, confession and family matters in Mark. The woman’s interaction with Jesus adds depth to Mark’s portrait of him and contributes to the ongoing revelation in Mark that Jesus is indeed the Son of God (Mk 1:1. Hierdie artikel ondersoek die reliëfverskyning van ’n naamlose vrou in die evangelie van Markus. Sy was deel van die skare wat Jesus gevolg het (Mark 5:24b–34. Omdat sy kronies siek en moontlik sterwend was, het sy gedink sy is onopvallend in die skare. Sy word in die teks geïdentifiseer in terme van haar geslag, siekte, verbondstatus, langdurige lyding en armoedige voorkoms. ’n Noukeurige bestudering van die gedeelte openbaar ook haar heimlikheid, desperaatheid, moed en welsprekendheid – alles eienskappe van ’n sterk karakter en, soos dit later blyk, haar gefokusde geloof op Jesus. Deur die letterkundige en kanonieke insigte te kombineer, wys die artikel hoe die verhaal van die anonieme vrou, gesien teen die agtergrond van die genesing van Jaïrus se dogtertjie, lig werp op die ontwikkelende konsepte van geloof, vrees, suiwerheid, dissipelskap, belydenis en familie-aangeleenthede in die boek Markus. Die vrou se interaksie met Jesus verskaf diepte aan Markus se uitbeelding van Hom en maak ’n bydrae tot Markus se

  19. Influence of nanomechanical crystal properties on the comminution process of particulate solids in spiral jet mills.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zügner, Sascha; Marquardt, Karin; Zimmermann, Ingfried

    2006-02-01

    Elastic-plastic properties of single crystals are supposed to influence the size reduction process of bulk materials during jet milling. According to Pahl [M.H. Pahl, Zerkleinerungstechnik 2. Auflage. Fachbuchverlag, Leipzig (1993)] and H. Rumpf: [Prinzipien der Prallzerkleinerung und ihre Anwendung bei der Strahlmahlung. Chem. Ing. Tech., 3(1960) 129-135.] fracture toughness, maximum strain or work of fracture for example are strongly dependent on mechanical parameters like hardness (H) and young's modulus of elasticity (E). In addition the dwell time of particles in a spiral jet mill proved to correlate with the hardness of the feed material [F. Rief: Ph. D. Thesis, University of Würzburg (2001)]. Therefore 'near-surface' properties have a direct influence on the effectiveness of the comminution process. The mean particle diameter as well as the size distribution of the ground product may vary significantly with the nanomechanical response of the material. Thus accurate measurement of crystals' hardness and modulus is essential to determine the ideal operational micronisation conditions of the spiral jet mill. The recently developed nanoindentation technique is applied to examine subsurface properties of pharmaceutical bulk materials, namely calcite, sodium ascorbate, lactose and sodium chloride. Pressing a small sized tip into the material while continuously recording load and displacement, characteristic diagrams are derived. The mathematical evaluation of the force-displacement-data allows for calculation of the hardness and the elastic modulus of the investigated material at penetration depths between 50-300 nm. Grinding experiments performed with a modified spiral jet mill (Type Fryma JMRS 80) indicate the strong impact of the elastic-plastic properties of a given substance on its breaking behaviour. The fineness of milled products produced at constant grinding conditions but with different crystalline powders varies significantly as it is dependent on the

  20. AINSE's role in tertiary sector applied nuclear research

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cooper, R.

    2001-01-01

    The Australian Institute of Nuclear Science and Engineering (AINSE) is a collaboration between the Universities and the Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation (ANSTO). Its aim is to foster research and training in areas associated with the applications of Nuclear Science and allied techniques. AINSE is now into the fifth decade of this unique association and in 2001 can claim the active membership of thirty-six of the publicly funded Universities in Australia plus the University of Auckland and its NZ government partner the Institute for Geological and Nuclear Sciences (IGNS). The widespread membership has brought with it a breadth of research areas and the traditional domains of fundamental nuclear science and allied engineering have found that they are now the stable platforms from which are launched environmental, archaeological, biomedical and novel-materials science. ANSTO's fifth decade will see the replacement of HIFAR with a state of the art research reactor that will bring biological applications to a sharper focus. A new accelerator-mass spectrometer will be commissioned during 2002 and is funded, in part, by a $1 M RIEF grant which itself recognises the quality and track record of all AINSE members' research. It will significantly assist a wide range of dating applications and also provide support to ion beam analysis (IBA) experiments. AINSE will continue to aid community collaboration with its conferences, workshops and participation in national conferences such as the AIP Congress, Vacuum Society, etc. On the international scene it is actively participating in major conferences to be held in Australia. The winter school is a venture into the undergraduate sphere

  1. Verification of the absorbed dose values determined with plane parallel ionization chambers in therapeutic electron beams using ferrous sulfate dosimetry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Plaetsen, A. van der; Thierens, H.; Palmans, H.

    2000-01-01

    Absolute and relative dosimetry measurements in clinical electron beams using different detectors were performed at a Philips SL18 accelerator. For absolute dosimetry, ionization chamber measurements with the PTW Markus and PTW Roos plane parallel chambers were performed in water following the recommendations of the TRS-381 Code of Practice, using different options for chamber calibration. The dose results obtained with these ionization chambers using the electron beam calibration method were compared with the dose response of the ferrous sulphate (Fricke) chemical dosimeter. The influence of the choice of detector type on the determination of physical quantities necessary for absolute dose determination was investigated and discussed. Results for d max , R 50 and R p were in agreement within statistical uncertainties when using a diode, diamond or plane parallel chamber. The effective point of measurement for the Markus chamber is found to be shifted 0.5 mm from the front surface of the cavity. Fluence correction factors, h m , for dose determination in electron beams using a PMMA phantom were determined experimentally for both plane parallel chamber types. (author)

  2. Proton beam dosimetry: a comparison between a plastic scintillator, ionization chamber and faraday cup

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ghergherehchi, Mitra; Afarideh, Hossein; Mohammadzadeh, Ahmad; Boghrati, Behzad; Ghannadi, Mohammad; Aslani, Golam Reza

    2010-01-01

    In this study, a comparison was made between a plastic scintillator (BC400), a Faraday Cup (FC) and an ionization chamber (IC) used for routine proton dosimetry. Thin scintillators can be applied to proton dosimetry and consequently to proton therapy as relative dosimeters because of their water-equivalent nature, high energy-light conversion efficiency, low dimensions and good proportionality to the absorbed dose at low stopping powers. To employ such scintillators as relative dosimeters in proton therapy, the corrective factors must be applied to correct the quenching luminescence at the Bragg peak. A fine linear proportionality between the luminescence light yield Y and the proton flux in a thin (0.5 mm) scintillator for the 20 and 30 MeV proton beams were observed. The experimental peak/plateau ratios of Bragg Curve for 2, 1 and 0.5 mm scintillators with an accuracy of 0.5% were obtained to be 1.87, 1.91 and 2.30, respectively. With combination of the Markus chamber and the CR-39 detector, the peak/plateau ratio was improved to 3.26. The obtained data of the luminescence yield as a function of the specific energy loss is in agreement with the Craun-Birk's theory. Results show that the FC and Markus ionization chamber are in agreement within 4%, while the FC gives a lower dose evaluation. For a defined beam, the data for the fluence measurements are reproducible within a good accuracy. (author)

  3. Stress-related neuropeptides and alcoholism: CRH, NPY and beyond

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ciccocioppo, Roberto; Gehlert, Donald R.; Ryabinin, Andrey; Kaur, Simranjit; Cippitelli, Andrea; Thorsell, Annika; Lê, Anh D.; Hipskind, Philip A.; Hamdouchi, Chafiq; Lu, Jianliang; Hembre, Erik J.; Cramer, Jeffrey; Song, Min; McKinzie, David; Morin, Michelle; Economidou, Daina; Stopponi, Serena; Cannella, Nazzareno; Braconi, Simone; Kallupi, Marsida; de Guglielmo, Giordano; Massi, Maurizio; George, David T.; Gilman, Jody; Hersh, Jacqueline; Tauscher, Johannes T.; Hunt, Stephen P.; Hommer, Daniel; Heilig, Markus

    2009-01-01

    This article summarizes the proceedings of a symposium held at the conference on “Alcoholism and Stress: A Framework for Future Treatment Strategies” in Volterra, Italy, May 6–9, 2008. Chaired by Markus Heilig and Roberto Ciccocioppo, this symposium offered a forum for the presentation of recent data linking neuropetidergic neurotransmission to the regulation of different alcohol related behaviours in animals and in humans. Dr. Donald Gehlert described the development of a new corticotrophin releasing factor (CRH) receptor 1 antagonist and showed its efficacy in reducing alcohol consumption and stress-induced relapse in different animal models of alcohol abuse. Dr. Andrey Ryabinin reviewed recent findings in his laboratory indicating a role of the urocortin 1 (Ucn) receptor system in the regulation of alcohol intake. Dr. Annika Thorsell showed data supporting the significance of the neuropetide Y (NPY) receptor system in the modulation of behaviours associated with a history of ethanol intoxication. Dr. Roberto Ciccocioppo focused his presentation on the nociceptin/orphanin FQ (N/OFQ) receptors as treatment targets for alcoholism. Finally, Dr. Markus Heilig showed recent preclinical and clinical evidence suggesting that neurokinin 1 (NK1) antagonism may represent a promising new treatment for alcoholism. Collectively, these investigators highlighted the significance of neuropeptidergic neurotransmission in the regulation of neurobiological mechanisms of alcohol addiction. Data also revealed the importance of these systems as treatment targets for the development of new medication for alcoholism. PMID:19913192

  4. The Use of Lens Shielding Device(L.S.D.) for a Conjunctival Lymphoma

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cho, Hyun Sang; Ju, Sang Gyu; Song, Ki Won; Park, Young Hwan [Dept. of Radition Oncology, Samsung Medical Center, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1997-11-15

    When therapeutic irradiation is indicated for the orbital tumors, the greatest concern is the risk of radiation-induced cataract. Conjunctival lymphoma is one of the good examples. We would like to report the procedure of the lens shielding device(L.S.D) and the result of irradiated dose to the lens. L.S.D. consists of two parts : load alloy to attenuate electron beam, and dental acryl which completely covers the lead alloy to avoid discomfort of cornea from contacting directly with cerrobend and side scattering by cerrobend. And for easy location and removal, side bars were made on each side. Radiation doses were measured with TLD (TLD 3500 Hawshaw). Markus chamber in a polystyrene phantom. The phantom was irradiated with 9 MeV electron beams from Clinac 2100C with 6 x 6 cm electron cone. The relative dose at 6 mm depth where the lens is located was 4.2% with TLD and 5.1% with Markus chamber clinically when 2600 cGy are irradiated to the eyeball, the mapinary dose to the lens will be 109 cGy or 132 cGy, which will significantly reduce the cataract.

  5. The Use of Lens Shielding Device(L.S.D.) for a Conjunctival Lymphoma

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cho, Hyun Sang; Ju, Sang Gyu; Song, Ki Won; Park, Young Hwan

    1997-01-01

    When therapeutic irradiation is indicated for the orbital tumors, the greatest concern is the risk of radiation-induced cataract. Conjunctival lymphoma is one of the good examples. We would like to report the procedure of the lens shielding device(L.S.D) and the result of irradiated dose to the lens. L.S.D. consists of two parts : load alloy to attenuate electron beam, and dental acryl which completely covers the lead alloy to avoid discomfort of cornea from contacting directly with cerrobend and side scattering by cerrobend. And for easy location and removal, side bars were made on each side. Radiation doses were measured with TLD (TLD 3500 Hawshaw). Markus chamber in a polystyrene phantom. The phantom was irradiated with 9 MeV electron beams from Clinac 2100C with 6 x 6 cm electron cone. The relative dose at 6 mm depth where the lens is located was 4.2% with TLD and 5.1% with Markus chamber clinically when 2600 cGy are irradiated to the eyeball, the mapinary dose to the lens will be 109 cGy or 132 cGy, which will significantly reduce the cataract.

  6. ISOTDAQ School: one of a kind

    CERN Multimedia

    Joannah Caborn Wengler

    2012-01-01

    Particle physics research has many unique needs and sometimes has to create its own expertise to keep its systems running. For specialised areas like cryogenics and high-voltage technology, labs often run their own training courses. In line with this trend, CERN has started a series of International Trigger and Data Acquisition (ISOTDAQ) Schools. 2012 has seen the third ISOTDAQ School, which generated a lot of enthusiasm among the future generation of TDAQ experts.   Markus Joos tutoring a group of students. “Can I call you back in about an hour? I’m just in the middle of tutoring a group of four students in one of our practical sessions,” says Markus Joos, one of the organisers, when we call him to ask some questions about the current ISOTDAQ School taking place in Cracow, Poland, from 1 to 8 February. He later explains that half of the teaching time at the School is dedicated to such practical sessions, where students complete exercises using computers, elect...

  7. How to calibrate Grenz-beams in clinical practice?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schaeken, B [Algemeen Ziekenhius Middelheim, Antwerp (Belgium); Bressers, E [Virga jesse Ziekenhius, Hasselt (Belgium)

    1995-12-01

    In recent years, considerable efforts have been spent improving the precision and consistency in the whole process of calibration of high energy photon and electron beams (national protocols, primary calibration facilities ....). The reading in air of 5 different ionisation chambers (NE2532, NE2536, NE2571, PTWM23342, Markus) in an X-ray beam (RT50, HVL=0.35 mm Al) has been compared. Ali NE chambers were provided with a calibration factor Nk, the PTW chamber was directly calibrated in dose water ND,W. The polarisation and recombination effects were measured. In our reference field (ssd=4cm, field diameter 40 mm), the readings in air for the dedicated plan parallel chambers deviated by not more than 8%. The measurements with the NE2571 chamber did not correspond very well with the other measurements. For the equipment in our hospital, the dose rate in air for the reference field was measured from 1971 on and found to be very stable: 17.36 Gy/min (0.48) (1sd). An attempt was made to measure the BSF for the field defining cones used in clinical practice using a Markus plane parallel chamber, but the resulting BSF did not correspond to those reported in BJR/suppl. 17. Special attention has been be paid to the calibration of beams with field size comparable to the dimension of the chamber window- chamber body.

  8. Beyond the 'east-west' dichotomy: Global variation in cultural models of selfhood.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vignoles, Vivian L; Owe, Ellinor; Becker, Maja; Smith, Peter B; Easterbrook, Matthew J; Brown, Rupert; González, Roberto; Didier, Nicolas; Carrasco, Diego; Cadena, Maria Paz; Lay, Siugmin; Schwartz, Seth J; Des Rosiers, Sabrina E; Villamar, Juan A; Gavreliuc, Alin; Zinkeng, Martina; Kreuzbauer, Robert; Baguma, Peter; Martin, Mariana; Tatarko, Alexander; Herman, Ginette; de Sauvage, Isabelle; Courtois, Marie; Garðarsdóttir, Ragna B; Harb, Charles; Schweiger Gallo, Inge; Prieto Gil, Paula; Lorente Clemares, Raquel; Campara, Gabriella; Nizharadze, George; Macapagal, Ma Elizabeth J; Jalal, Baland; Bourguignon, David; Zhang, Jianxin; Lv, Shaobo; Chybicka, Aneta; Yuki, Masaki; Zhang, Xiao; Espinosa, Agustín; Valk, Aune; Abuhamdeh, Sami; Amponsah, Benjamin; Özgen, Emre; Güner, E Ülkü; Yamakoğlu, Nil; Chobthamkit, Phatthanakit; Pyszczynski, Tom; Kesebir, Pelin; Vargas Trujillo, Elvia; Balanta, Paola; Cendales Ayala, Boris; Koller, Silvia H; Jaafar, Jas Laile; Gausel, Nicolay; Fischer, Ronald; Milfont, Taciano L; Kusdil, Ersin; Çağlar, Selinay; Aldhafri, Said; Ferreira, M Cristina; Mekonnen, Kassahun Habtamu; Wang, Qian; Fülöp, Márta; Torres, Ana; Camino, Leoncio; Lemos, Flávia Cristina Silveira; Fritsche, Immo; Möller, Bettina; Regalia, Camillo; Manzi, Claudia; Brambilla, Maria; Bond, Michael Harris

    2016-08-01

    Markus and Kitayama's (1991) theory of independent and interdependent self-construals had a major influence on social, personality, and developmental psychology by highlighting the role of culture in psychological processes. However, research has relied excessively on contrasts between North American and East Asian samples, and commonly used self-report measures of independence and interdependence frequently fail to show predicted cultural differences. We revisited the conceptualization and measurement of independent and interdependent self-construals in 2 large-scale multinational surveys, using improved methods for cross-cultural research. We developed (Study 1: N = 2924 students in 16 nations) and validated across cultures (Study 2: N = 7279 adults from 55 cultural groups in 33 nations) a new 7-dimensional model of self-reported ways of being independent or interdependent. Patterns of global variation support some of Markus and Kitayama's predictions, but a simple contrast between independence and interdependence does not adequately capture the diverse models of selfhood that prevail in different world regions. Cultural groups emphasize different ways of being both independent and interdependent, depending on individualism-collectivism, national socioeconomic development, and religious heritage. Our 7-dimensional model will allow future researchers to test more accurately the implications of cultural models of selfhood for psychological processes in diverse ecocultural contexts. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved).

  9. Isomerization and dissociation in competition: the two-component dissociation rates of methyl acetate ions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mazyar, Oleg A.; Mayer, Paul M.; Baer, Tomas

    1997-11-01

    Threshold photoelectron-photoion coincidence (TPEPICO) spectroscopy has been used to investigate the unimolecular chemistry of metastable methyl acetate ions, CH3COOCH3.+. The rate of molecular ion fragmentation with the loss of CH3O. and CH2OH radicals as a function of ion internal energy was obtained from the coincidence data and used in conjunction with Rice-Ramsperger-Kassel-Markus and ab initio molecular orbital calculations to model the dissociation/isomerization mechanism of the methyl acetate ion (A). The data were found to be consistent with the mechanism involving a hydrogen-bridged complex CH3CO[middle dot][middle dot][middle dot]H[middle dot][middle dot][middle dot]OCH2.+(E) as the direct precursor of the observed fragments CH3CO+ and CH2OH.. The two-component decay rates were modeled with a three-well-two-product potential energy surface including the distonic ion CH3C(OH)OCH2.+(B) and enol isomer CH2C(OH)OCH3.+(C), which are formed from the methyl acetate ion by two consecutive [1,4]-hydrogen shifts. The 0 K heats of formation of isomers B and C as well as transition states TSAB, TSBC, and TSBE (relative to isomer A) were calculated from Rice-Ramsperger-Kassel-Markus (RRKM) theory.

  10. Changing Europe, changing self-construals

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Antalikova, Radka

    Self-construal refers to the culturally shaped view on self, and in particular the degree of inclusion of other people in one’s self-definition (Markus & Kitayama, 1991) whether in form of close relationships or important group memberships. The degree of including these social variables distingui......Self-construal refers to the culturally shaped view on self, and in particular the degree of inclusion of other people in one’s self-definition (Markus & Kitayama, 1991) whether in form of close relationships or important group memberships. The degree of including these social variables...... country, college students and their parents, to fill out a shortened version of Twenty Statements Test (Kuhn & McPartland, 1959). This self-description questionnaire detects prevailing views on self (private, public, or collective), as described above. Both Danish generations have lived in a more or less...... similar socio-cultural discourse. The older generation in Slovakia has lived in two very different political regimes, and Slovak adolescents have direct experience with only the post-communist version. Thus, we employed these four samples (two generations by two countries) to test for a greater...

  11. Nel bosco sacro. Realtà, finzione, magia e natura ne Il ramo d’oro di James G. Frazer

    OpenAIRE

    Dimpflmeier, Fabiana

    2014-01-01

    ‘E così il coro accenna a una legge segreta’ : così vien voglia di commentare la raccolta dei dati in Frazer.(Ludwig Wittgenstein, Note sul Ramo d’oro di Fraser)Per certi versi, è di simili ‘infedeltà creative’ che si nutre il progresso della conoscenza.(Fabio Dei, La discesa agli inferi) Nel 1922, dopo tre edizioni arrivate ad espandersi fino a dodici volumi, l’antropologo vittoriano James G. Frazer pubblica l’editio minor de Il ramo d’oro, consacrandosi a fortuna quasi imperitura. Contraria...

  12. The design and implementation of multiplayer, web-based, 2D game made in client-server architecture

    OpenAIRE

    Chojnacki, Piotr; Duczmańska, Justyna

    2014-01-01

    Even though Ludwig Wittgenstein – Austrian-British philosopher – was the first man to address a definition of word “game”1 in his Philosophical Investigations book in 1953, games were known to human since the ancient times2. Because people are social beings and they long to interact with each other, a purpose of majority of games was – and still is – to spend time with others in a friendly atmosphere. It is also in human nature to face challenges and compete with other people and it is reflec...

  13. Hair biology and its comprehensive sequence in female pattern baldness: diagnosis and treatment modalities--Part I.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sehgal, Virendra N; Srivastava, Govind; Aggarwal, Ashok K; Midha, Rashmi

    2013-01-01

    Hair may be a source of concern for patients when there is a change in its texture, amount, or thickness. It can present in women as androgenic alopecia also called female pattern baldness, and in men as adrogenic alopecia, also called male pattern baldness. Thinning/rarefaction affecting the vertex is a progressive condition, and hair loss in women has been interpreted and classified differently from that in men. The Ludwig classification for women's hair loss seems to be the most accepted assessment, which will be outlined in this review, along with the hair growth cycle that encompasses anagen, catagen, telogen, exogen, and kenogen.

  14. Institutions as Knowledge Capital

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Foss, Nicolai Juul; Garzarelli, Giampaolo

    The paper revisits the socioeconomic theory of the Austrian School economist Ludwig M. Lachmann. By showing that the common claim that Lachmann's idiosyncratic (read: eclectic and multidisciplinary) approach to economics entails nihilism is unfounded, it reaches the following conclusions. (1......) Lachmann held a sophisticated institutional position to economics that anticipated developments in contemporary new institutional economics. (2) Lachmann's sociological and economic reading of institutions offers insights for the problem of coordination. (3) Lachmann extends contemporary new institutional...... theory without simultaneously denying the policy approach of comparative institutional analysis. (90 words.)KeywordsComparative institutional analysis, coordination, expectations, institutionalevolution, interpretative institutionalism.JEL CodesB31, B52, B53, D80....

  15. Study of the water-rock interactions of spring waters in the Northern Apennines

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Venturelli, G.; Toscani, L.

    2000-01-01

    Forty three spring waters have been investigated in the Apennine area of Reggio Emilia province (Parco Regionale del Gigante, Italy). On the basis of the Langelier-Ludwig diagram, the (Na+K+Cl) vs (Ca+Mg) plot and the Cl content, the waters have been divided in five main groups. The chemical composition of the waters suggests that calcite is practically the only source of Ca and alkalinity for group D and E reflect ion exchange and calcite and minor silicate dissolution during a strong water-rock interaction at depth [it

  16. What is the Point? Ethics, Truth and the Tractatus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Anne-Marie Søndergaard

    2007-01-01

      In this paper, my major concern is to place the ethical remarks of Ludwig Wittgenstein's Tractatus within a wider discussion in moral philosophy. In the first part of the paper, I sketch a reading of the Tractatus that brings out a particular feature of ethics, namely the fact that ethical...... discourse is shaped by both subjective and objective concerns. Moving on, I unfold the subjective side of ethics by drawing on Stanley Cavell's notion of the point of an utterance, while the objective side will be presented via Diamond's writing on the importance of truth in ethics. My goal is to argue...

  17. Commercial trading of IaaS cloud resources

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN. Geneva; Dr. Watzl, Johannes

    2014-01-01

    Dr. Johannes Watzl is responsible for the Product Management at Deutsche Börse Cloud Exchange. His work is focused on the specification and introduction of new tradable products and and product features. Prior to his role at Deutsche Börse Cloud Exchange, Johannes was a researcher at Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München where he worked at European Commission funded projects in the field of distributed computing and standardisation in grid and cloud computing and obtained his PhD. He started research on the...

  18. Irreversible processes kinetic theory

    CERN Document Server

    Brush, Stephen G

    2013-01-01

    Kinetic Theory, Volume 2: Irreversible Processes deals with the kinetic theory of gases and the irreversible processes they undergo. It includes the two papers by James Clerk Maxwell and Ludwig Boltzmann in which the basic equations for transport processes in gases are formulated, together with the first derivation of Boltzmann's ""H-theorem"" and a discussion of this theorem, along with the problem of irreversibility.Comprised of 10 chapters, this volume begins with an introduction to the fundamental nature of heat and of gases, along with Boltzmann's work on the kinetic theory of gases and s

  19. Validation of the prognostic value of histologic scoring systems in primary sclerosing cholangitis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    de Vries, Elisabeth M G; de Krijger, Manon; Färkkilä, Martti

    2017-01-01

    across a multicenter PSC cohort. Liver biopsies from PSC patients were collected from seven European institutions. Histologic scoring was performed using the Nakanuma, Ishak, and Ludwig scoring systems. Biopsies were independently scored by six liver pathologists for interobserver agreement.......19-5.80] for endpoint 2 and HR, 2.06 [95% CI, 1.09-3.89] for endpoint 3). Only the Nakanuma staging system was independently associated with endpoint 1: HR, 2.14 (95% CI, 1.22-3.77). Interobserver agreement was moderate for Nakanuma stage (κ = 0.56) and substantial for Nakanuma component fibrosis (κ = 0.67), Ishak...

  20. [Jesuits Chemists of Hapsburg Monarchy].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Južnič, Stanislav

    2016-01-01

    The achievements of the Jesuits from the Austrian and Bohemian provinces, who have published books on chemistry are focused. Their links with the area of today's Slovenia are particularly exposed. The guidelines which have enabled prompt victories of the ideas about the structure of matter of Jesuit Ru|er Bokovi are indicated. Inconceivable fast spread of Bošković's adherents in the Hapsburg monarchy is compared with a similar rapid introduction of the kinetic theories of atoms of Slovene Jožef Stefan and Ludwig Boltzmann in the same geographical area. Boltzmann was not only Stefan's best student, but he also married a half Slovenian maid.

  1. Verhandeln in Briefen. Frauen in der höfischen Diplomatie des frühen 18. Jahrhunderts von Corina Bastian

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul Winkler

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Corina Bastian wertet innerhalb ihrer äußerst anregenden Mikrostudie erstmals systematisch den Briefwechsel zwischen Madame de Maintenon, der morganatischen Ehefrau Ludwigs XIV., und der Ersten Kammerdame des spanischen Königspaares, Princesse des Ursins, inmitten des Spanischen Erbfolgekrieges aus. Der präzise Blick auf ein konkretes Beispiel einer höfischen Form der Diplomatie, das keine geschlechterbezogene Ausnahmeerscheinung darstellt, sondern in Synergie mit bürokratischen Kanälen stattfand, erlaubt der Autorin generelle Aussagen zur frühneuzeitlichen Diplomatie.

  2. Diseño y Evaluación de intervenciones en organizaciones empresariales desde la dinámica de sistemas – revisión teórica. Sistemas – Revisión Teórica.

    OpenAIRE

    González Chacón, Manuel Eduardo

    2014-01-01

    Este trabajo tiene como objetivo hacer una revisión teórica desde los inicios de la Teoría General de Sistemas, hasta el desarrollo de la dinámica de sistemas, todo lo que estas dos teorías plantean, además de muchas otras teorías de las cuales estas se encuentran rodeadas y conectadas muy cercanamente, ya que partiendo del planteamiento que hizo el biólogo Ludwig Von Bertalanffy se derivaron diversas corrientes de pensamiento, todas alrededor del enfoque y pensamiento de sistemas, y de la cu...

  3. Forme di vita e relazione educativa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Viviana Segreto

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to show that the main object of pedagogical research is relationship among people who share the same context. The analysis follows a linguistic approach, from a theoretical and metaphysical kind of language to a language of forms of life. After the linguistic turn, particularly in Ludwig Wittgenstein, forsaking a Platonic language means throwing language in forms of life, and blending it with people and their lives. So an educational process has to leave the unique, traditional pattern to open itself to different voices of life.

  4. Applying Signature Extraction and Classification Algorithms on Express on Profiles of CD Markers and Toll Like Receptors to Classify and Predict Exposures to Various Pathogens

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-02-10

    various time points  in more than three  replicates  each.    Host gene expression in vitro: Microarray analysis was carried out at 3‐6 time periods post...Bibliography 1. Gibb TR, Norwood DA, Jr., Woollen N, Henchal EA: Viral replication and host gene expression in alveolar macrophages...infected with Ebola virus (Zaire strain). Clin Diagn Lab Immunol 2002, 9:19-27. 2. Henchal EA, Teska JD, Ludwig GV, Shoemaker DR, Ezzell JW: Current

  5. Heinz L. Ansbacher (1904-2006).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Musty, Richard Rik E

    2007-09-01

    Heinz Ludwig Ansbacher was born in Frankfurt, Germany, on October 21, 1904. He died at his home in Burlington, Vermont, on June 22, 2006, at the age of 101 years. Alfred Adler's influence led Ansbacher to the field of psychology, where he began a lifelong scholarship on the psychology of Alfred Adler. Among Heinz's distinctions and honors were being named a Fulbright lecturer at the University of Kiel, Germany, and serving as president of the North American Society of Adlerian Psychology. Many of us will remember Professor Ansbacher as a person who lived by Adlerian principles: encouraging others while helping them to find a goal in life.

  6. Book reviews

    OpenAIRE

    NN

    2002-01-01

    It took a long time to produce, but eventually early in 2001 the first part of this extensive compendium of macromycetes appeared. It is the result of decades of work by the author, who is known as a passionate mushroom collector and painter. Ludwig has the special gift that he is able to record the beauty and diagnostic characters of a mushroom in an unique way. The first volume consists of a large-sized part, 34 x 24 cm, with the icons, and a normal sized text volume. The iconography contai...

  7. Cristianismo y naturaleza

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cristoffanini, Pablo Rolando

    2017-01-01

    of the western world, gain increasing importance at a time of growing concern about the effects of the ecological and environmental crisis. Firstly, I introduce some ideas and images considered by eminent researchers to be the cause of the conquering, plundering and objectifying relationship to Nature. Secondly...... or entertain a stereotypical view of religion, I present some tenets of Ludwig Wittgenstein asserting the value of religion and ethics as symbolic systems that lead to different forms of life. Additionally, he maintained that religion in no way should be diminished or subjected to the rules and principles...

  8. Adherence as a language game.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kolberg, Espen Skarstein

    2017-04-01

    Non-adherence, i.e. medication intake behavior not corresponding with agreed recommendations, is associated with increased morbidity and death, and it has been estimated that as many as 50% of patients in developed countries are not taking their medications as prescribed. But even as efforts in improving medication adherence over the years have increased, results are inconsistent, with only a minority of clinical trials showing any improvement in both adherence and clinical outcome. Since patient education is central to promoting good medication adherence, and language is integral to education, perhaps an exploration of the meaning and use of language, using the philosophy of Ludwig Wittgenstein, is in order.

  9. Verbal understanding: Integrating the conceptual analyses of Skinner, Ryle, and Wittgenstein.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schoneberger, T

    1991-01-01

    Gilbert Ryle's (1949) and Ludwig Wittgenstein's (1953; 1958; 1974/78) conceptual analyses of verbal understanding are presented. For Ryle, the term understanding signifies simultaneously an acquired disposition and a behavioral episode. For Wittgenstein, it signifies simultaneously a skill and a criterial behavior. Both argued that episodes of understanding comprise heterogenious classes of behaviors, and that each member of such a class is neither a necessary nor a sufficient condition of understanding. Next, an approach integrating the analyses of Ryle and Wittgenstein with that of Skinner is presented. Lastly, it is argued that this integrated analysis adequately counters Parrott's (1984) argument that understanding, for Skinner, is potential behavior and not an event.

  10. [Wittgenstein and Freud].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cabanchik, Samuel Manuel

    2005-01-01

    In this paper I present the most important limits in the reading that Ludwig Wittgenstein made of Sigmund Freud. In particular, starting from certain thematic axes (distinction causes / reasons, conception of the meaning, interpretation concept, the problem of the truth in the therapeutic treatment, the paper of the patient's conviction), I try to show that the position of Wittgenstein in front of the Freudian psychoanalysis was ambiguous: on one hand he conceives it as an example more than "philosophical mythology", but on the other hand, he is identified with the psychoanalyst and he is conceived itself as making something related with that an analyst makes.

  11. Revisiting Wittgenstein on Köhler and Gestalt psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benjafield, John G

    2008-01-01

    In an article in this journal, Nicholas Pastore rejected Ludwig Wittgenstein's critique of Wolfgang Köhler and Gestalt psychology. Pastore appears not to have appreciated Wittgenstein's argument that Köhler mistook conceptual questions for factual ones. A simi-lar confusion seems to underlie at least some aspects of contemporary neuroscience. Be that as it may, Wittgenstein has had minimal influence on the research practices of psychologists while Köhler remains influential. This outcome would not have surprised Wittgenstein, who predicted that scientists would not see his work as relevant to theirs.

  12. Transdisciplinarity Needs Systemism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wolfgang Hofkirchner

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available The main message of this paper is that systemism is best suited for transdisciplinary studies. A description of disciplinary sciences, transdisciplinary sciences and systems sciences is given, along with their different definitions of aims, scope and tools. The rationale for transdisciplinarity is global challenges, which are complex. The rationale for systemism is the concretization of understanding complexity. Drawing upon Ludwig von Bertalanffy’s intention of a General System Theory, three items deserve attention—the world-view of a synergistic systems technology, the world picture of an emergentist systems theory, and the way of thinking of an integrationist systems method.

  13. [Albert Reder Ritter von Schellmann (1826-1904)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmidt, G; Holubar, K

    1990-01-01

    Albert Reder von Schellmann (1826-1904) was an important syphilidologist of the Vienna Medical School in the second half of the nineteenth century. He went in for the dualistic concept of the origin of syphilis and ulcer caused by soft chancre. In 1870 - Reder became head of a third dermato-syphilidologic department in the "Josephinum" in Vienna, where military surgeons got their medical education. At the same time the two full professorships of dermatosyphilidology in the Vienna General Hospital were held by Ferdinand von Hebra (1816-1880) and Carl Ludwig Sigmund von Ilanor (1810-1883).

  14. Regularities in frequency spacings of δ Scuti stars: the Kepler star KIC 9700322

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Breger, M.; Balona, L.; Lenz, P.

    2011-01-01

    In the faint star KIC 9700322 observed by the Kepler satellite, 76 frequencies with amplitudes from 14 to 29 000 ppm were detected. The two dominant frequencies at 9.79 and 12.57 d-1 (113.3 and 145.5 μHz), interpreted to be radial modes, are accompanied by a large number of combination frequencie...... with the Hobby-Eberly Telescope, which is a joint project of the University of Texas at Austin, the Pennsylvania State University, Stanford University, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München and Georg-August-Universität Göttingen....

  15. Melhoria do processo Hatschek, por meio de tratamento de dados históricos, para fabricação de telhas onduladas.

    OpenAIRE

    Aline Basso de Oliveira

    2010-01-01

    As telhas de cimento-amianto são utilizadas mundialmente nas construções comerciais, residenciais e industriais. O amianto foi a primeira aplicação de fibra natural em escala industrial. Esta fibra foi incorporada na forma do mineral (asbesto) como reforço de matrizes à base do cimento. O processo de fabricação de telhas de cimento-amianto mais utilizado mundialmente foi patenteado em 1900 por Ludwig Hatschek, recebendo o mesmo nome. O objetivo deste trabalho foi a melhoria do processo indust...

  16. Das Nationale Bildungspanel : Ein neues Kapitel in Deutschlands Bildungsforschung

    OpenAIRE

    Preis, Nina; Stecher, Ludwig

    2009-01-01

    Was macht eigentlich ein gutes Praktikum aus? Welche Rolle spielt ein Praktikum bei der späteren Berufswahl, und was lernen Jugendliche in einem Praktikum? Wie verhalten sich die Praktikumsanleiter? Wie nehmen es die Schülerinnen und Schüler wahr? Und wie gestaltet sich der Transfer zwischen Schule und Betrieb? Dies sind nur einige Fragen, mit denen sich die Gießener Erziehungswissenschaftler Prof. Dr. Ludwig Stecher und Dipl.-Päd. Nina Preis im Rahmen des Nationalen Bildungspanels (National ...

  17. A Praxeological Approach to Intentional Action

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Futerman Alan G.

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available The concept of Intentional Action is at the core of Praxeology, as developed by the Austrian economist Ludwig von Mises. Under this unique approach, defined as the science of human action and designed to study the field of the social sciences, Mises create “action axiom”: the contention that every acting man more satisfactory state of affairs for a Austrian scholar is able to derive the fundament human action; such as value, scale of value, scarcity, abundance, profit, loss, uncertainty and causality, among others. This paper intends to present the praxeological perspective on intentional action and its epistemologic implications; it also attempts to answer objections to this thesis.

  18. Erinnerungen. Aus dem Feldzuge der Franzosen in Russland unter Napoleon im Jahre 1812, von einem preußischen Bombardier, dem jetzigen Major Weinberger. Unveröffentlichtes Manuskript (1849), herausgegeben von Peter-Michael Berger

    OpenAIRE

    Weinberger, Friedrich Ludwig

    2012-01-01

    Friedrich Ludwig Weinberger (1794–1869) diente im Juni 1812 als Freiwilliger bei der Königsberger Garnisonsartillerie. Diese 400 Soldaten wurden von Napoleon in die Garde seiner Grande Armée zur Invasion Russlands zwangsweise eingegliedert. Als einer von nur 13 Überlebenden seiner Truppe kehrte Weinberger im März 1813 aus russischem Gewahrsam zurück. Über seine Erlebnisse beim Vormarsch, den Kämpfen, der Besetzung Moskaus, dem Rückzug und der Heimkehr verfasste er einen Bericht, den er m...

  19. Korzenie myśli libertariańskiej

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hubert Staśkiewicz

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available In this article I discuss the roots of libertarian thought. First I draw a little-known late-scholastic philosophy of the Renaissance period. Then, the theoretical basis for the libertarian direction created: Anglo-Saxon philosophers the Age of Enlightenment and French anti-statists nineteenth century. A fundamental contribution to the popularization this philosophy played in turn: Austrian economics, which created such outstanding figures as Carl Menger, Ludwig von Mises and Chicago school of economics under the direction of Milton Friedman.

  20. Kunst-Gedanken in Tiecks «Franz Sternbalds Wanderungen»

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wolfgang Nehring

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Ludwig Tieck is not only the most productive and stimulating power of German Roman­ticism with respect to literature but also, largely unnoticed by his contemporaries and critics, an innovative proponent of a new art. His Sternbald goes way beyond the position of Wackenroder’s Herzensergießungen from which it started. It not only influenced the artwork of the two most important romantic painters, Philipp Otto Runge and Caspar David Fried­rich, but advocates, in a way, twentieth-century ideas of modern painting.

  1. Stochastic and infinite dimensional analysis

    CERN Document Server

    Carpio-Bernido, Maria; Grothaus, Martin; Kuna, Tobias; Oliveira, Maria; Silva, José

    2016-01-01

    This volume presents a collection of papers covering applications from a wide range of systems with infinitely many degrees of freedom studied using techniques from stochastic and infinite dimensional analysis, e.g. Feynman path integrals, the statistical mechanics of polymer chains, complex networks, and quantum field theory. Systems of infinitely many degrees of freedom create their particular mathematical challenges which have been addressed by different mathematical theories, namely in the theories of stochastic processes, Malliavin calculus, and especially white noise analysis. These proceedings are inspired by a conference held on the occasion of Prof. Ludwig Streit’s 75th birthday and celebrate his pioneering and ongoing work in these fields.

  2. Weltliche Einflüsse in der Notre-Dame-Musik? Überlegungen zu einer Klausel im Codex F

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Büttner, Fred

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available The unlimited validity of the rectilinear evolution that, according to Friedrich Ludwig, led from Notre Dame Clausula to Latin and thenceforth to French Motet was most recently questioned by Wolf Frobenius in his article "Zum genetischen Verhältnis zwischen Notre-Dame-Klauseln und ihren Motetten" (1987. Nevertheless, Frobenius does not thoroughly examine the pieces concerned, with hardly more far-reaching conclusions being attached to the priority claimed for many French Motets when comparing their concordances as Clausula and Latin Motet. With a setting of the choral melisma "ne" (Sm8 - already used by Ludwig in order to substantiate his estimation of the historical precedence of the Clausula - as an example, the point of view held by Frobenius is therefore once again subjected to critical scrutiny. Thus several traits can be established in the specifics of the Clausula that point to the field of secular music. Although this corroborates the considerations made by Frobenius, on the other hand such a result will open up new perspectives for further research into the School of Notre Dame.

    [de] Spätestens durch den Aufsatz „Zum genetischen Verhältnis zwischen Notre-Dame-Klauseln und ihren Motetten" von Wolf Frobenius (1987 wurde die uneingeschränkte Gültigkeit des geradlinigen Entwicklungsgangs, den Friedrich Ludwig von der Notre-Dame-Klausel über die lateinische bis zur franzosischen Motette zeichnete, in Frage gestellt. Jedoch bleibt Frobenius eine gründliche Untersuchung der betreffenden Stücke ebenso schuldig, wie auch an die behauptete Priorität vieler französischer Motetten gegenüber ihren Konkordanzen als Klausel und lateinische Motette kaum weiterreichende Schlußfolgerungen geknüpft werden. Anhand des „Ne"-Satzes Sm8, den bereits Ludwig exemplarisch hervorhob, um seine Auffassung von der Klausel als ältestem Stadium zu belegen, wird deshalb die Sichtweise von Frobenius noch einmal auf ihre Stichhaltigkeit

  3. Electric rivers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    McCutcheon, S.

    1992-04-01

    James Bay II, the projected Canadian hydroelectric power plant of gigantic dimensions, is to deliver its electricity to Europe: in the USA, opposition to power imports from James Bay is growing. Its realization means the flooding of an area as big as the Federal Republic of Germany; the native territory and hunting grounds of the Cree indians would be inundated. The interests of the European power industry in the James Bay project and the consequences for Europe are described in an appendix (EQHHPP project, project management Hydro-Quebec and Ludwig Boelkow Foundation, hydrogen production through electrolysis, methods for transporting hydrogen to Hamburg). (orig./HP) [de

  4. La copla de moral sefardí Azote de impíos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Romero, Elena

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Three versions of the Sephardic “Copla de moral” Azote de Impios (‘Scourge of the Wicked’ are analyzed in this article. They were all printed in the nineteenth century, in Constantinople (1858 (version A, in Leipzig (1858 (version B and in Jerusalem (1894 (version C. The Version B was included in the German Nach Jerusalem! by Ludwig Aug. Frankl is of interest as it was written with Latin letters according to a special system that reflects the sounds of the original Judeo-Spanish.En el presente artículo se lleva a cabo la edición y estudio de las tres versiones conocidas de la copla de moral sefardí titulada Azote de impíos, impresas las dos primeras en 1858 en Constantinopla (versión A y Leipzig (versión B, respectivamente, y la tercera en Jerusalén en 1894 (versión C. La versión B, inserta en el libro alemán Nach Jerusalem! de Ludwig Aug. Frankl, presenta la particularidad de estar escrita en caracteres latinos siguiendo un muy especial sistema para plasmar los sonidos del judeoespañol.

  5. Revisiting imidazolium based ionic liquids: Effect of the conformation bias of the [NTf2] anion studied by molecular dynamics simulations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neumann, Jan; Golub, Benjamin; Odebrecht, Lisa-Marie; Ludwig, Ralf; Paschek, Dietmar

    2018-05-01

    We study ionic liquids composed of 1-alkyl-3-methylimidazolium cations and bis(trifluoromethyl-sulfonyl)imide anions ([CnMIm][NTf2]) with varying chain-length n = 2, 4, 6, 8 by using molecular dynamics simulations. We show that a reparametrization of the dihedral potentials as well as charges of the [NTf2] anion leads to an improvement of the force field model introduced by Köddermann, Paschek, and Ludwig [ChemPhysChem 8, 2464 (2007)] (KPL-force field). A crucial advantage of the new parameter set is that the minimum energy conformations of the anion (trans and gauche), as deduced from ab initio calculations and Raman experiments, are now both well represented by our model. In addition, the results for [CnMIm][NTf2] show that this modification leads to an even better agreement between experiment and molecular dynamics simulation as demonstrated for densities, diffusion coefficients, vaporization enthalpies, reorientational correlation times, and viscosities. Even though we focused on a better representation of the anion conformation, also the alkyl chain-length dependence of the cation behaves closer to the experiment. We strongly encourage to use the new NGOLP (Neumann, Golub, Odebrecht, Ludwig, Paschek) force field for the [NTf2] anion instead of the earlier KPL parameter set for computer simulations aiming to describe the thermodynamics, dynamics, and also structure of imidazolium-based ionic liquids.

  6. Vers le Sud : le voyage de Johann Georg von Dillis à travers la France, la Suisse et l'Italie en 1806

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Josenhans, Frauke

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Southern France, and Provence in particular, started to lure painters as early as in the 18th century, first and foremost French ones, and then increasingly foreign painters, notably the German landscapist Johann Georg von Dillis. In 1806, he undertook a journey in the South of France in the company of the Bavarian crown prince, the future Ludwig I. Dillis' journey is known from two different sources: a group of drawings known as the Voyage pittoresque dans le Midi de la France dessiné par Dillis (Staatliche Graphische Sammlung, Munich and his unpublished correspondence with his brother Ignaz Dillis. The drawings, which were ordered by the prince as a visual souvenir of his tour, reflect Ludwig's interest in Roman Antiquity and thus include numerous views of ancient monuments, such as the Maison Carrée in Nîmes, the arc de triomphe in Orange and the ruins in Saint-Rémy-de-Provence. Apart from this group there is another body of drawings, which Dillis also made during the journey, but that he chose not to include in the Voyage pittoresque. These sheets attest to the draughtsman's attentiveness and sensibility for nature more obviously than the commissioned drawings. An official commission, the Voyage pittoresque is an exceptional artistic testimony of travel in the early 19th century. It shows that Provence became attractive for artists earlier than was previously thought.

  7. Mundo común, feminismo y mitología

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Birulés, Fina

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Since the 1970s feminism has signified one of the most productive critical reconsiderations of modern political thought legacy. This article examines the questioning of modern notions of political freedom and political community that Linda Zerilli has undertaken in her reading of Hannah Arendt and Ludwig Wittgenstein. On this basis and on criticism of sexual dimorphism, the article shows the need to rethink the relationship between theory and praxis beyond its modern conception, a feature present in much of contemporary feminist theory.Desde la década de 1970 el feminismo ha significado una de las profundizaciones críticas m.s productivas del legado del pensamiento político de la modernidad. El presente artículo atiende al cuestionamiento de las modernas nociones de libertad y comunidad políticas que Linda Zerilli ha llevado a cabo en su lectura de Hannah Arendt y de Ludwig Wittgenstein. A partir de ah. y de la reciente querella en torno al diformismo sexual, se muestra la necesidad de repensar la relación entre teoría y praxis más allá de la concepción moderna, presente en buena parte de la teoría feminista contemporánea.

  8. Systems Thinking for an Economically Literate Society

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael F. Reber

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available In the US a dismal truth exists about the citizenry’s lack of understanding of economic fundamentals whether it is amongst our political leaders or our university graduates. This then leads one to ask, “What can be done to help people become literate in economics?” Perhaps the answer lies in the area of systems thinking, which is a way of thinking about the interconnections between the parts of a system and their synthesis into a unified view of the whole system. More specifically, this means incorporating systems thinking and design in primary, secondary, and tertiary curricula. In this paper, the author gives a cursory review of General Systems Theory (GST as developed by Ludwig von Bertalanffy and extended by others in the systems thinking field to illustrate the confluences of thought among Ludwig von Mises and systems scientists. From this the author argues the need for systems thinking and design in curricula and makes reference to non-prescriptive teaching and learning applications for the fostering of economic literacy.

  9. Reseñas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Comité Editorial

    1987-06-01

    Full Text Available Alarcón, R. (1986, Psicología, pobreza y subdesarrollo, Lima, Instituto Nacional de Investigación y Desarrollo de la Educación, 153 pgs. León, F.R., editor (1986, Psicología y realidad peruana. El aporte objetivo, Lima, Mosca Azul Editores, 298 pgs. Bittner, G., ed. (1983. PersonaJe PsychoJogie. Beitrage zur Geschichte, Theorie und Therapie. Festschrift für Ludwig J. Pongratz (Psicología personal. Contribuciones acerca de la historia, la teoría y la terapia. Escritos en honor de Ludwig J. Pongratz. Gottinga - Toronto - Zürich: Verlag für Psychologie. Dr. C. ]. Hogrefe, XII - 437 pgs. Carpintero, H. & Peiró, J.M. (dirs. (1984, La psicología en su contexto histórico. Ensayos en honor del Prof. Josef Brozek - Essays in honour Prof. Josef Brozek. Psychology in its historical context. Valencia: Monografías de la Revista de Historia de la Psicología, 396 pgs. Thomae, H. (1985, Dynamik des menschlichen Handelns. Ausgewahlte Schriften zur Psychologie 1944 - 1984 (La dinámica de la acción humana. Escritos selectos sobre psicología 1944 - 1984 . editado por Ursula M. Lehr & Franz E. Weinert. Bonn: Bouvier Verlag Herbert Grundmann, XIV - 432 pgs.

  10. Daptomycin: a novel lipopeptide antibiotic against Gram-positive pathogens

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andres Beiras-Fernandez

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Andres Beiras-Fernandez1,*, Ferdinand Vogt1,*, Ralf Sodian1, Florian Weis21Department of Cardiac Surgery, University Hospital Großhadern, Ludwig-Maximilian-University, Munich, Germany; 2Department of Anesthesiology, University Hospital Großhadern, Ludwig-Maximilian-University, Munich, Germany *Andres Beiras-Fernandez and Ferdinand Vogt contributed equally to this paperAbstract: The aim of this review is to summarize the historical background of drug resistance of Gram-positive pathogens as well as to describe in detail the novel lipopeptide antibiotic daptomycin. Pharmacological and pharmacokinetic aspects are reviewed and the current clinical use of daptomycin is presented. Daptomycin seems to be a reliable drug in the treatment of complicated skin and skin structure infections, infective right-sided endocarditis, and bacteremia caused by Gram-positive agents. Its unique mechanism of action and its low resistance profile, together with its rapid bactericidal action make it a favorable alternative to vancomycin in multi-drug resistant cocci. The role of daptomycin in the treatment of prosthetic material infections, osteomyelitis, and urogenital infections needs to be evaluated in randomized clinical trials.Keywords: daptomycin, multi-drug resistance, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA, pneumonia, urinary tract infection, left-sided endocarditis

  11. The loop of Henle as the milestone of mammalian kindey concentrating ability: a historical review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koulouridis, Efstathios; Koulouridis, Ioannis

    2014-01-01

    The first description of the renal tubules is attributed to Lorenzo Bellini in 1662 and four years later Marcello Malpighi described the glomerulus. In 1842 Sir William Bowman described the capsule that surrounds the Malpighian body and its connection with the renal tubule and introduced the "excretory" hypothesis of urine formation. In the same year, Carl Ludwig introduced the "filtration-reabsorption" hypothesis of urine formation. Bowman's hypothesis was accepted by the so-called "vitalists" and Ludwig's hypothesis by the so-called "mechanists". In the middle of this confliction, Jacob Henle described in 1862 the homonymous "U" shaped loop but his discovery has neglected. In 1942 Werner Kuhn, a physical chemist, proposed that the loop of Henle may be the natural analog of the hairpin countercurrent multiplication system which concentrates urine in mammalian kidneys. In 1951 Kuhn, Hargitay and Wirz showed experimentally that the loop of Henle was the most important part of the countercurrent multiplication system of urine-concentrating mechanism in mammalian kidneys. The new theory was accepted by English-speaking scientists later, in 1958, when Carl Gottschalk and Margaret Mylle published their experimental work and proved that Kuhn's theory was correct. Gottschalk summarized the evidence of the accumulated knowledge in 1962, three centuries after the first description of renal tubules and one century after description of Henle's loop.

  12. Do surrounding figures' emotions affect judgment of the target figure's emotion? Comparing the eye-movement patterns of European Canadians, Asian Canadians, Asian international students, and Japanese.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Masuda, Takahiko; Wang, Huaitang; Ishii, Keiko; Ito, Kenichi

    2012-01-01

    Although the effect of context on cognition is observable across cultures, preliminary findings suggest that when asked to judge the emotion of a target model's facial expression, East Asians are more likely than their North American counterparts to be influenced by the facial expressions of surrounding others (Masuda et al., 2008b). Cultural psychologists discuss this cultural variation in affective emotional context under the rubric of holistic vs. analytic thought, independent vs. interdependent self-construals, and socially disengaged vs. socially engaged emotion (e.g., Mesquita and Markus, 2004). We demonstrate that this effect is generalizable even when (1) photos of real facial emotions are used, (2) the saliency of the target model's emotion is attenuated, and (3) a specific amount of observation time is allocated. We further demonstrate that the experience plays an important role in producing cultural variations in the affective context effect on cognition.

  13. Sognenavne, Aalborg Kommune (59 artikler). trap.dk

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kællerød, Lars-Jakob Harding

    2019-01-01

    Artikler til Trap Danmarks netpublikation trap.dk Sognenavnene Ajstrup, Ansgars Sogn, Bislev, Budolfi, Dall, Ejdrup, Ellidshøj, Farstrup, Ferslev, Frejlev, Gistrup, Godthåb, Gudumholm, Gunderup, Gåser, Hals, Hammer, Hans Egedes Sogn, Hasseris, Horsens, Hou, Hvorup, Klarup, Komdrup, Lillevorde......, Lindholm, Lundby, Margrethe Sogn, Mou, Nibe, Nørholm, Nørre Kongerslev, Nørresundby, Nørre Tranders, Nøvling, Romdrup, Rørdal, Sankt Markus, Sebber, Sejlflod, Skalborg, Store Ajstrup, Storvorde, Sulsted, Svenstrup, Sønderholm, Sønder Kongerslev, Sønder Tranders, Ulsted, Vadum, Vejgaard, Vester Hassing......, Vesterkær, Vodskov, Vokslev, Volsted, Vor Frelsers Sogn, Vor Frue Sogn og Øster Hassing...

  14. Implementation of Web-based Information Systems in Distributed Organizations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bødker, Keld; Pors, Jens Kaaber; Simonsen, Jesper

    2004-01-01

    This article presents results elicited from studies conducted in relation to implementing a web-based information system throughout a large distributed organization. We demonstrate the kind of expectations and conditions for change that management face in relation to open-ended, configurable......, and context specific web-based information systems like Lotus QuickPlace. Our synthesis from the empirical findings is related to two recent models, the improvisational change management model suggested by Orlikowski and Hofman (1997), and Gallivan's (2001) model for organizational adoption and assimilation....... In line with comparable approaches from the knowledge management area (Dixon 2000; Markus 2001), we relate to, refine, and operationalize the models from an overall organizational view by identifying and characterizing four different and general implementation contexts...

  15. Comparison between AAPM TG-51 and IAEA TRS-398 for plane parallel ionization chambers irradiated by clinical electron beams

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mahmoud, M.A.

    2005-01-01

    We compared the results of absorbed dose determined at reference conditions according to AAPM T G-51 and IAEA TRS-398 using plane parallel ionization chambers. The study showed agreement between the two protocols for Holt ,Exradin P11, NACP, Attix RMI 449 and Roos ionization chambers. For Markus ionization chambers the absorbed dose calculated using AAPM TG-51 is higher than that calculated using IAEA TRS-398 by 1.8 % for R 5 0 =2 cm and decrease with increased R 5 0 to reach 1.2 % for R 5 0 =20 cm. For Capintec PS-033 ionization chambers the absorbed dose calculated using AAPM TG-51 is constantly higher than that calculated by IAEA TRS-398 by 1.5 %. A theoretical explanation was introduced for these results

  16. Sisearhitektide Liit premeeris / Triin Ojari

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ojari, Triin, 1974-

    2004-01-01

    ESL aastapreemiad 2003: parima ajaloolise interjööri ja parima kodu preemia - Leila Pärtelpoja ja Karl-Erik Tarbe kujundatud Villa Tannenrode Lükati teel Tallinnas, parim ühiskondlik interjöör - 3+1 arhitektide (Markus Kaasik, Andres Ojari, Ilmar Valdur, kaasautorid Ralf Lõoke, Kalle Komissarov; söögikoha tegi Taavi Aunre ja ühiskondliku mööbli Gert Sarv) kujundatud Mustamäe keskus, publitsistikapreemia - EKA sisearhitektuuri kateedri kataloog "Eesti Kunstiakadeemia sisearhitektuuri osakond 2002-2003". Ära märgiti kaks tooteseeriat: EGO garderoobid (EGO Mööbel OÜ) ning Jan J. Grapsi loodud "Incognito" mööblisari

  17. Ergonomic project of the work and innovation in the virtual-actual dynamic: a theoretical-conceptual contribution

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gilbert Cardoso Bouyer

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The main purpose of this paper is to amplify the current theoretical scenario of “Ergonomics of Project” area, according to the knowledge creation/innovation theory, and his concepts of virtual and subjectivity in the Work. This theoretical-conceptual article aims to shed new light on the relations between innovation and present-day efforts toward a scientific theory of knowledge in the Work, with its complex structure of theories, hypotheses and disciplines. There is in this paper a new approach to understand  the Contemporary Ergonomic Project in a kind of Socio-Epistemological Engineering initiated by Markus F. Peschl in the University of Vienna. The methods employed were the systematic review and adaptation of Socio-Epistemological Engineering’s concepts in the actual context of epistemological and ontological principles of Ergonomics of Project.

  18. Culture and Negotiator Cognition: Judgment Accuracy and Negotiation Processes in Individualistic and Collectivistic Cultures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gelfand; Christakopoulou

    1999-09-01

    In this paper, we argue that judgment biases in negotiation are perpetuated by underlying cultural values and ideals, and therefore, certain judgment biases will be more prevalent in certain cultural contexts. Based on theory in cultural psychology (Markus & Kitayama, 1991; Triandis, 1989), we considered the notion that fixed pie error, a judgment bias in which negotiators fail to accurately understand their counterparts' interests (Pruitt & Lewis, 1975; Thompson & Hastie, 1990), would be more prevalent at the end of negotiations in the United States, an individualistic culture, than Greece, a collectivistic culture. The results of a 2-week computer-mediated intercultural negotiation experiment, which took place between American students in Illinois and Greek students in Athens, supported this view. Theoretical implications of culture and cognition in negotiation are also discussed. Copyright 1999 Academic Press.

  19. Essentializing the Binary Self: Individualism and Collectivism in Cultural Neuroscience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marina eMartinez Mateo

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Within the emerging field of Cultural Neurosciences (CN one branch of research focuses on the neural underpinnings of "individualistic/Western" versus "collectivistic/Eastern" self-views. These studies uncritically adopt essentialist assumptions from classic cross-cultural research, mainly following the tradition of Markus & Kitayama (1991, into the domain of functional neuroimaging. In this comment we analyze recent publications and conference proceedings of the 18th Annual Meeting of the Organization for Human Brain Mapping (2012 and problematize the essentialist and simplistic understanding of "culture" in these studies. Further, we argue against the binary structure of the drawn "cultural" comparisons and their underlying Eurocentrism. Finally we scrutinize whether valuations within the constructed binarities bear the risk of constructing and reproducing a postcolonial, orientalist argumentation pattern.

  20. Essentializing the binary self: individualism and collectivism in cultural neuroscience

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martínez Mateo, M.; Cabanis, M.; Stenmanns, J.; Krach, S.

    2013-01-01

    Within the emerging field of cultural neuroscience (CN) one branch of research focuses on the neural underpinnings of “individualistic/Western” vs. “collectivistic/Eastern” self-views. These studies uncritically adopt essentialist assumptions from classic cross-cultural research, mainly following the tradition of Markus and Kitayama (1991), into the domain of functional neuroimaging. In this perspective article we analyze recent publications and conference proceedings of the 18th Annual Meeting of the Organization for Human Brain Mapping (2012) and problematize the essentialist and simplistic understanding of “culture” in these studies. Further, we argue against the binary structure of the drawn “cultural” comparisons and their underlying Eurocentrism. Finally we scrutinize whether valuations within the constructed binarities bear the risk of constructing and reproducing a postcolonial, orientalist argumentation pattern. PMID:23801954

  1. Essentializing the binary self: individualism and collectivism in cultural neuroscience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martínez Mateo, M; Cabanis, M; Stenmanns, J; Krach, S

    2013-01-01

    Within the emerging field of cultural neuroscience (CN) one branch of research focuses on the neural underpinnings of "individualistic/Western" vs. "collectivistic/Eastern" self-views. These studies uncritically adopt essentialist assumptions from classic cross-cultural research, mainly following the tradition of Markus and Kitayama (1991), into the domain of functional neuroimaging. In this perspective article we analyze recent publications and conference proceedings of the 18th Annual Meeting of the Organization for Human Brain Mapping (2012) and problematize the essentialist and simplistic understanding of "culture" in these studies. Further, we argue against the binary structure of the drawn "cultural" comparisons and their underlying Eurocentrism. Finally we scrutinize whether valuations within the constructed binarities bear the risk of constructing and reproducing a postcolonial, orientalist argumentation pattern.

  2. Do Surrounding Figures’ Emotions Affect Judgment of the Target Figure’s Emotion? Comparing the Eye-Movement Patterns of European Canadians, Asian Canadians, Asian International Students, and Japanese

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Taka eMasuda

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Although the effect of context on cognition is observable across cultures, preliminary findings suggest that when asked to judge the emotion of a target model’s facial expression, East Asians are more likely than their North American counterparts to be influenced by the facial expressions of surrounding others (Masuda, Ellsworth, Mesquita, Leu, Tanida, & van de Veerdonk, 2008. Cultural psychologists discuss this cultural variation in affective emotional context under the rubric of holistic vs. analytic thought, independent vs. interdependent self-construals, and socially disengaged vs. socially engaged emotion (e.g., Mesquita & Markus, 2004. We demonstrate that this effect is generalizable even when (a photos of real facial emotions are used, (b the saliency of the target model’s emotion is attenuated, and (c a specific amount of observation time is allocated. We further demonstrate that the socialization factor plays an important role in producing cultural variations in the affective context effect on cognition.

  3. Wind power - An impulse or just frustration for business?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wellstein, J.

    2005-01-01

    This article deals with the question raised as to whether the development of wind power can provide an impulse for industry. The answers provided by Markus Geissmann from the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE) and Robert Horbaty, head of 'Suisse Eole' - a Swiss society that supports the use of wind energy - are presented in the form of an interview. In particular, the fact that certain Swiss manufacturers have established themselves in the international wind energy market is discussed - in spite of the relatively low proportion of wind energy actually generated in Switzerland. The various factors influencing both on-shore and off-shore wind-power installations are discussed. The products and services offered are discussed and also the up-and-coming market for the replacement of older wind-power installations is looked at

  4. State-of-the-Art: Research Theoretical Framework of Information Systems Implementation Research in the Health Sector in Sub-Saharan Africa

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tetteh, Godwin Kofi

    2014-01-01

    This study is about the state-of-the-art of reference theories and theoretical framework of information systems implementation research in the health industry in the Sub-Saharan countries from a process perspective. A process – variance framework, Poole et al, (2000), Markus & Robey, (1988......) and Shaw & Jarvenpaa, (1997) is employed to examine reference theories employed in research conducted on information systems implementation in the health sector in the Sub-Saharan region and published between 2003 and 2013. Using a number of key words and searching on a number of databases, EBSCO, CSA...... the process theoretical framework to enhance our insight into successful information systems implementation in the region. It is our optimism that the process based theoretical framework will be useful for, information system practitioners and organisational managers and researchers in the health sector...

  5. Use of a dosimetric system using a SMT phototransistor in the measurement for some dosimetric parameters in conventional radiotherapy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Silva, J.O. da; Magalhaes, C.M.S. de; Santos, L.A.P.

    2008-01-01

    For monitoring the delivered dose in the patient undergoing a cancer treatment with high-energy ionizing radiation beams is necessary to use appropriate dosimeters for the beam control quality and if it is possible, to obtain the dose information during the treatment. For this, semiconductor-based devices are used because of their high spatial resolution and to be easy to handle in spite of the ionization chambers. Nowadays the bipolar phototransistors are being proposed as ionizing radiation detectors for presenting, beyond these characteristics, the signal amplification factor (gain). So, the aim of this work is to present the use of a dosimetric system using a SMT phototransistor in the measurement for some dosimetric parameters in conventional radiotherapy: the field factor and the off-axis ratio. The phototransistors readings were compared with ones obtained from a PTW 23343 Markus chamber, under the same conditions. (author)

  6. From Standard Application Packages to Enterprise Systems - A Matter of Opportunities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nilsson, Anders G.

    The purpose of this chapter is to make clearer the meaning behind the concepts of “standard application package” and “enterprise system.” There is today a confusion in our IS field about the connection between the two concepts and how they have appeared historically? The main idea is to contrast them against each other and in this sense to study which opportunities organizations and companies can achieve with these two different IT environments. This transparency will give business and IT people a better understanding for managing investments in information systems more professionally. The research approach is characterized as “consumable research” (Robey, and Markus, Information Resources Management Journal, 11(1): 7-15, 1998) based on theoretical knowledge integrated with business practice from the IS field. Our background is through working with practical methods for customer involvement (purchasing, implementation, maintenance) as well as performing vendor studies of the software application industry.

  7. Energy policy turnaround and agriculture. Proceedings; Energiewende und Landwirtschaft. Tagungsband

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wendl, Georg (ed.)

    2012-11-15

    Within the land-technical annual meeting at 22nd November, 2012 in the training centre of the Banz monastery (Bad Staffelstein, Federal Republic of Germany), the following lectures were held: (1) Opportunities and potentials of renewable energies in Bavaria (Rupert Schaefer); (2) Consumption of electricity and energy efficiency in agricultural operation (Stefan Neser); (3) Short-rotation plantations - Processes, efficiency and ecologic balance (Frank Burger); (4) Bavarian pilot plants for the production of biogas - Results from five years of monitoring (Mathias Effenberger); (5) Farm biomass conversion plants up to 75 kW - Opportunities and limits (Andreas Weber); (6) Photovoltaic power plants and wind power plants in the Bavarian agriculture - Where is it all going? (Johannes Graf); (7) Wind energy - Regional value creation by an area model and citizen's participation using an example in Creussen (district Bayreuth) (Harald Mild); (8) Regional power connecting using Hollfeld as an example (Markus Pirkelmann).

  8. Three Jews in Günter Grass' novel The Tin Drum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zobenica Nikolina N.

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available In the novel The Tin Drum (Die Blechtrommel, 1959 Günter Grass depicts three periods of German history: pre-war time, World War II, and post-war time. In all the segments of the novel, there is a Jewish character: in the first part it is the toy dealer, Sigismund Markus; in the second, Mr Feingold; and in the third it is Ferdinand Schmuh. The aim of this paper is to determine similarities and differences among these characters, bearing in mind the changes in socio-political situation, as well as the status of Jews in the world of petite bourgeoisie. Sigismund Markus was in love with Oskar's mother, and he was loyal to her, even though she was cheating her husband with another man. He warned her of the changing circumstances and he himself decided to get baptised, in order to survive in the new society. However, he was attacked in Crystal Night then he killed himself in order to avoid the destiny which the Nazis have planned for him. The second Jew in the novel is a survivor, Mr Feingold. Although his entire family has been killed in the concentration camp Treblinka, he is eager to help and to protect Maria, Oskar and Kurt. He helps Oskar during the fever and eventually proposes to Maria, but Maria is now ready to leave Gdansk, so Mr Feingold was turned down, just like Markus few years back. Symbolically, the devoted love of the Jews for the Germans and for Gdansk has been refused, as well as hope for a fresh start for the Jews and Germans. While Markus and Feingold show love and respect for women and understanding for Oskar, Schmuh is embittered because Germans have not learnt to mourn and are incapable of crying. He is giving them an opportunity to learn it by serving them onions which makes them shed tears and open their hearts. However, this is only temporary; they do not really change; so Schmuh vents his negative feelings in cursing toilet women and regularly killing twelve sparrows in an afternoon. As he once exaggerated and killed one

  9. PHYSICS

    CERN Multimedia

    Submitted by

    Physics Week: plenary meeting on physics groups plans for startup (14–15 May 2008) The Physics Objects (POG) and Physics Analysis (PAG) Groups presented their latest developments at the plenary meeting during the Physics Week. In the presentations particular attention was given to startup plans and readiness for data-taking. Many results based on the recent cosmic run were shown. A special Workshop on SUSY, described in a separate section, took place the day before the plenary. At the meeting, we had also two special DPG presentations on “Tracker and Muon alignment with CRAFT” (Ernesto Migliore) and “Calorimeter studies with CRAFT” (Chiara Rovelli). We had also a report from Offline (Andrea Rizzi) and Computing (Markus Klute) on the San Diego Workshop, described elsewhere in this bulletin. Tracking group (Boris Mangano). The level of sophistication of the tracking software increased significantly over the last few months: V0 (K0 and Λ) reconstr...

  10. Biogas plants; Biogasanlagen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2012-07-01

    Within the KRdL expert meeting at 30th October, 2012 in Bonn (Federal Republic of Germany), the following lectures were held: (1) New requirements on biomass conversion plants based on the Federal Nuisance Control Ordinance (Hans-Peter Ewens); (2) State of the art of the operation of biomass conversion plants (Christina Dornack); (3) Implementation of the regulation VDI 3475 sheet 4 (Markus Helm); (4) Handling of constraints of residents in the licensing procedure as well as during operation (Helmar Hentschke); (5) Explosion protection for biomass conversion plants considering the matters of immission control (Michael Faber); (6) Microbiological and epidemic-hygienic aspects of agricultural biomass conversion plants and their fermentation residues (Werner Philipp); (7) Emissions of climatic relevant gases at the biogas production (Jacqueline Daniel-Gromke); (8) State of the art in the biogas processing (Joachim Krassowski).

  11. Science games and the development of scientific possible selves

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beier, Margaret E.; Miller, Leslie M.; Wang, Shu

    2012-12-01

    Serious scientific games, especially those that include a virtual apprenticeship component, provide players with realistic experiences in science. This article discusses how science games can influence learning about science and the development of science-oriented possible selves through repeated practice in professional play and through social influences (e.g., peer groups). We first review the theory of possible selves (Markus and Nurius 1986) and discuss the potential of serious scientific games for influencing the development of scientific possible selves. As part of our review, we present a forensic game that inspired our work. Next we present a measure of scientific possible selves and assess its reliability and validity with a sample of middle-school students ( N = 374). We conclude by discussing the promise of science games and the development of scientific possible selves on both the individual and group levels as a means of inspiring STEM careers among adolescents.

  12. Procedure for obtaining visas for Switzerland and France - Signature rights

    CERN Multimedia

    2013-01-01

    In accordance with the Status Agreements with CERN, Switzerland and France facilitate the entry of members of the Organization’s personnel on to their territories.  Where relevant, detailed procedures for obtaining visas apply.   Within the framework of those procedures, only the following individuals are authorised to initiate the note verbale procedure as well as to sign the Official Invitation Letters and the Conventions d’accueil. Kirsti ASPOLA (PH – CMO) Oliver BRÜNING (BE – ABP) Michelle CONNOR (PH – AGS) Patrick FASSNACHT (PH-ADO) David FOSTER (IT – DI) Nathalie GRÜB (PH – AGS) Tadeusz KURTYKA (DG – PRJ) Markus NORDBERG (PH – ADO) Cécile NOELS (DG – PRJ) Maria QUINTAS (HR – SPS) Kate RICHARDSON (PH-AGS) Jeanne ROSTANT (PH – AGS) José SALICIO-DIEZ (PH – AGS) Ulla TIHINEN (PH – AGS) Emmanuel...

  13. Procedure for obtaining visas for Switzerland and France Signature rights

    CERN Multimedia

    DG Unit

    2012-01-01

    In accordance with the Status Agreements with CERN, Switzerland and France facilitate the entry of members of the Organization’s personnel on to their territories.  Where relevant, detailed procedures for obtaining visas apply. Within the framework of those procedures, only the following individuals are authorised to initiate the note verbale procedure as well as to sign the Official Invitation Letters and the Conventions d’accueil. Kirsti ASPOLA (PH – CMO) Oliver BRÜNING (BE – ABP) Michelle CONNOR (PH – AGS) Patrick FASSNACHT (PH-ADO) David FOSTER (IT – DI) Nathalie GRÜB (PH – AGS) Tjitske KEHRER (DG-DI) Tadeusz KURTYKA (DG – PRJ) Markus NORDBERG (PH – ADO) Cécile NOELS (DG – PRJ) Maria QUINTAS (HR – SPS) Kate RICHARDSON (PH-AGS) Jeanne ROSTANT (PH – AGS) José SALICIO-DIEZ (PH – AGS) Ulla TIHINEN (PH – AG...

  14. Monte Carlo Simulation of Electron Beams for Radiotherapy - EGS4, MCNP4b and GEANT3 Intercomparison

    CERN Document Server

    Trindade, A; Alves, C M; Chaves, A; Lopes, C; Oliveira, C; Peralta, L

    2000-01-01

    In medical radiation physics, an increasing number of Monte Carlo codes are being used, which requires intercomparison between them to evaluated the accuracy of the simulated results against benchmark experiments. The Monte Carlo code EGS4, commonly used to simulate electron beams from medical linear accelerators, was compared with GEANT3 and MCNP4b. Intercomparison of electron energy spectra, angular and spatial distribution were carried out for the Siemens KD2 linear accelerator, at beam energies of 10 and 15 MeV for a field size of 10x10 cm2. Indirect validation was performed against electron depth doses curves and beam profiles measured in a MP3-PTW water phantom using a Markus planar chamber. Monte Carlo isodose lines were reconstructed and compared to those from commercial treatment planning systems (TPS's) and with experimental data.

  15. The self-schema model: a theoretical approach to the self-concept in eating disorders.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stein, K F

    1996-04-01

    Over the last several decades, the self-concept has been implicated as a important determinant of eating disorders (ED). Although considerable progress has been made, questions remain unanswered about the properties of self-concept that distinguish women with an ED from other populations, and mechanisms that link the self-concept to the disordered behaviors. Markus's self-schema model is presented as a theoretical approach to explore the role of the self-concept in ED. To show how the schema model can be integrated with existing work on the self-concept in ED, a framework is proposed that addresses the number, content, and accessibility of the self-schemas. More specifically, it is posited that a limited collection of positive self-schemas available in memory, in combination with a chronically and inflexibly accessible body-weight self-schema, lead to the disordered behaviors associated with anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa.

  16. Acute coronary syndrome associated with Churg-Strauss syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Annette Doris Wagner

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available Annette Doris Wagner1, Gerd Peter Meyer2, Markus Rihl3, Anke Rathmann2, Ulrike Wittkop1, Henning Zeidler4, Hermann Haller1, Joachim Lotz51Department Internal Medicine, Division of Nephrology; 2Division of Cardiology; 3Division of Rheumatology; 4Rheumatologikum Hannover; 5Department of Diagnostic Radiology; Hannover Medical School, Carl-Neuberg-Strasse 1, 30625 Hannover, GermanyAbstract: A 41-year old female patient was admitted with acute onset of dyspnea and chest pain. Previous history revealed asthma, chronic sinusitis and eosinophilic proctitis. Electrocardiogram showed anterior ST-segment elevations and inferior ST-segment depression. Immediate heart catheterization revealed a distally occluded left anterior descending coronary artery, the occlusion being reversible after nitroglycerine. Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging was consistent with perimyocarditis. Hypereosinophilia and IgE elevation were present and Churg-strauss syndrome was diagnosed.Keywords: Churg-Strauss syndrome (CSS, carditis, cardiac MRI

  17. Summary of Session 7 'After Long Shutdown 1'

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pojer, M; Schmidt, R

    2012-01-01

    After LS1 the energy will be about 6.5 TeV. The physics potential of LHC is determined by the integrated luminosity useful for the experiments and not only by the peak luminosity. The integrated luminosity is determined by the peak luminosity, the luminosity decay and the efficiency of operation (availability). In this session two of these parameters are addressed, the peak luminosity and the availability. Presentations related to peak luminosity: • Performance potential of the injectors after LS1, Heiko Damerau; • Performance reach of LHC after LS1, Werner Herr. Presentations related to availability: • Magnet powering with zero downtime - a dream? Markus Zerlauth; • Beam systems without failures – what can be done? Matteo Solfaroli and Jan Uythoven; • Will we still see SEEs? Marco Calviani; • UFOs – will they take over? Tobias Baer; • Quenches: will there be any? Arjan Verweij

  18. Eesti Arhitektide Liidu aastapreemia 2015 = The annual prize of 2015 of the Union of Estonian Architects / Rainer Mahlamäki

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mahlamäki, Rainer

    2015-01-01

    Soome arhitekti Rainer Mahlamäki mõtteid Eesti kaasaegsest arhitektuurist, tema ringsõidust Tallinnasse, Kuressaarde, Pärnusse ja Tartusse. Eesti Arhitektide Liidu aastapreemia 2015 äramärkimine: villa Pärnus Lõuna 2a restaureerimine (arhitekt Jaak Huimerind, sisearhitekt Mari Kurismaa). Eesti Arhitektide Liidu aastapreemia 2015 kandidaadid: elu- ja ärihoone Tallinnas Kentmanni 6 (arhitekt Indrek Allmann); büroohoone Tallinnas Sõpruse pst 157 (arhitekt Indrek Suigusaar); Tallinna Tehnikaülikooli Kuressaare kolledži väikelaevaehituse kompetentsikeskuse katsebasseini ja laboratooriumite hoone Kuressaares Tallinna 19 (arhitektid Kalle Komissarov, Aet Ader, Mari Hunt, Kadri Klementi, Lembit-Kaur Stöör); White Beach golfi klubihoone Valgerannas Pärnumaal (arhitektid Jaan Port, Markus Nimik, Katrin Kaevats, Neeme Tiimus)

  19. Pancultural explanations for life satisfaction: adding relationship harmony to self-esteem.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kwan, V S; Bond, M H; Singelis, T M

    1997-11-01

    The first part of the study confirmed an additive effect of the newly proposed construct of relationship harmony to self-esteem in predicting life satisfaction across student samples from the United States and Hong Kong. As predicted from the dynamics of cultural collectivism, the relative importance of relationship harmony to self-esteem was greater in Hong Kong than in the United States. In the second part of the study, the independent and interdependent self-construals (H. R. Markus & S. Kitayama, 1991) and the 5 factors of personality (P. T. Costa & R. R. McCrae, 1992) were advanced to be the culture-general determinants of life satisfaction, acting through the mediating variables of self-esteem and relationship harmony. Both self-construals and the 5 factors of personality were shown to influence life satisfaction through the mediating agency of self-esteem and relationship harmony in equivalent ways across these 2 cultural groups.

  20. CAS course on Power Converters in Baden, Switzerland

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN Accelerator School

    2014-01-01

    The CERN Accelerator School (CAS) and the Paul Scherrer Institute (PSI) recently organised a specialised course on Power Converters, which was held at the Hotel du Parc in Baden, Switzerland from 7 to 14 May 2014.   Photo courtesy of Markus Fischer, Paul Scherrer Institut. Following some recapitulation lectures on accelerators and the requirements on power converters, the course covered a wide range of topics related to the different types of power converters needed for particle accelerators. Topical seminars completed the programme. The course was very successful, attended by 84 students representing 21 nationalities, mostly from European countries but also from America, Brazil, Canada, China, Iran, Jordan and Thailand. Feedback from the participants was very positive, reflecting the high standard of the lectures and teaching. In addition to the academic programme, the participants also had an opportunity to take part in a full-day site visit to ABB and PSI and an excursion to the Rhine Fall...

  1. Preliminary assessment of LiF and alanine detectors for the dosimetry of proton therapy beams

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fattibene, P.; Calicchia, A.; De Angelis, C.; Onori, S.; Egger, E.

    1996-01-01

    An experimental intercomparison between the proton response of LiF TLD-100 and alanine detectors is reported. The investigations were performed with LiF chips and alanine pellets in a 62 MeV proton beam at the Paul Scherrer Institut in Villigen (CH). Results were compared with reference dosimetry provided by Markus type parallel plate ionization chamber. The response of the detectors was studied, in a phantom, at different beam penetration depths in pristine and modulated beams. For both alanine and TL detectors, within the experimental uncertainty of the measurements, no significant energy dependence in the response was observed down to the Bragg peak region. The sensitivity of alanine and LiF detectors to protons was measured in the centre of modulated Bragg peak and no significant difference was found with respect to 60 Co. Contrary to LiF, alanine also offers a remarkable tissue equivalence which favours its choice for in-phantom dosimetry. (author)

  2. ETH Zurich tour at CERN.

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2002-01-01

    Right to left: Thomas Wobmann and Markus Zemp visit the LHC tunnel at CERN with G nther Dissertori and Marcel Wyler of ETH Zurich. Their visit was part of the top prize for a competition organised by the ETH department of physics to coincide with its open day in June. Residents of Zurich and surrounding Swiss cantons were invited to answer five physics questions broadcast on local radio and the Internet the week before the open day. The two winners' reward for knowing who did not believe that God plays dice, among other things, was a flight offered by Swiss International Air Lines to Geneva and a VIP tour of CERN. One highlight was a trip to the underground site of the future CMS experiment, where the scale of the enormous cavern makes construction machines look like children's toys.

  3. Summary of Session 7 'After Long Shutdown 1'

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pojer, M; Schmidt, R [European Organization for Nuclear Research, Geneva (Switzerland)

    2012-07-01

    After LS1 the energy will be about 6.5 TeV. The physics potential of LHC is determined by the integrated luminosity useful for the experiments and not only by the peak luminosity. The integrated luminosity is determined by the peak luminosity, the luminosity decay and the efficiency of operation (availability). In this session two of these parameters are addressed, the peak luminosity and the availability. Presentations related to peak luminosity: • Performance potential of the injectors after LS1, Heiko Damerau; • Performance reach of LHC after LS1, Werner Herr. Presentations related to availability: • Magnet powering with zero downtime - a dream? Markus Zerlauth; • Beam systems without failures – what can be done? Matteo Solfaroli and Jan Uythoven; • Will we still see SEEs? Marco Calviani; • UFOs – will they take over? Tobias Baer; • Quenches: will there be any? Arjan Verweij.

  4. Versatile by design

    CERN Multimedia

    Katarina Anthony

    2014-01-01

    CHARM (CERN High energy AcceleRator Mixed field) is a new and unique testing facility that will complete CERN's radiation testing installations. Located in the East Area, CHARM will provide teams with a venue to test their equipment in radiation environments similar to those found in the accelerator chain.   Team at work in the irradiation zone of the CHARM facility. First envisaged in 2007, the CHARM facility fulfils a growing demand for a large-scale tailor-made radiation testing facility. Unlike commercial facilities, CHARM features a wide spectrum of radiation types and energies (called mixed-field radiation environments), the space to test large equipment and even the possibility to adjust the environment using mobile shielding. "CHARM is versatile by design, allowing us to recreate any of the radiation environments found in the accelerator chain," says Markus Brugger, head of the R2E (Radiation to Electronics) project team that developed the CHARM facility. &a...

  5. Sognenavne, Aarhus Kommune (57 artikler). trap.dk

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kællerød, Lars-Jakob Harding

    2019-01-01

    , Mejlby, Møllevang, Mårslet, Mårslev, Ormslev, Ravnsbjerg, Risskov, Sabro, Sankt Johannes, Sankt Lukas, Sankt Markus, Sankt Paul, Skejby, Skelager, Skjoldhøj, Skæring, Skødstrup, Skåde, Spørring, Sønder Årslev, Tilst, Tiset, Todbjerg, Tranbjerg, Trige, Tulstrup, Vejlby, Viby, Vitved, Vor Frue Sogn, Ølsted......Artikler til Trap Danmarks netpublikation trap.dk Sognenavnene Astrup, Beder, Borum, Brabrand, Christians Sogn, Egå, Elev, Ellevang, Elsted, Framlev, Fredens Sogn, Fårup, Gellerup, Hasle, Harlev, Helligånds Sogn, Hjortshøj, Holme, Hvilsted, Kasted, Kolt, Langenæs, Lisbjerg, Lyngby, Lystrup, Malling...

  6. Literature in Focus: "Axions: Theory, Cosmology, and Experimental Searches"

    CERN Document Server

    2009-01-01

    Axions are peculiar hypothetical particles that could both solve the CP problem of quantum chromodynamics and at the same time account for the dark matter of the universe. Based on a series of lectures by world experts in this field held at CERN, this volume provides a pedagogical introduction to the theory, cosmology and astrophysics of these fascinating particles and gives an up-to-date account of the status and prospect of ongoing and planned experimental searches. Learners and practitioners of astroparticle physics will find in this book both a concise introduction and a current reference work to a showcase topic that connects the "inner space" of the elementary particle world with the "outer space" of the universe at large. The book will be presented by Markus Kuster. "Axions: Theory, Cosmology, and Experimental Searches", edited by M. Kuster (Technische Universität Darmstadt), G. Raffelt (Max-Planck-Institu...

  7. Transforming business models through big data in the textile industry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Aagaard, Annabeth

    , such as textile, and have led to disruption of established business models (Westerman et al., 2014; Weill and Woerner, 2015). Yet, little is known of the managerial process and facilitation of the digital transformation of business models through big data (McAfee and Brynjolfsson, 2012; Markus and Loebbecke, 2013).......The extensive stream of work on business models (BM) and business model innovation (BMI) has generated many important insights (Amit & Zott, 2001; Osterwalder, 2004; Markides, 2008, 2013; Chesbrough 2010; Teece, 2010; Zott et al, 2011). Yet, our understanding of business models remains fragmented...... as stressed by Zott et al. (2011), Weill et al. (2011) and David J. Teece (2010: 174), who states that: “the concept of a business model lacks theoretical grounding in economics or in business studies”. With the acceleration of digitization and use of big data analytics quality data are accessible...

  8. Mental disorders and quality of life in COPD patients and their spouses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kerstin Kühl

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Kerstin Kühl1, Wolfgang Schürmann2, Winfried Rief11Philipps University Marburg, Department of Psychology, Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Gutenbergstraße 18, D – 35032 Marburg, Germany; 2Private pulmonary practice, Bahnhofstraße 30, D – 35037 Marburg, GermanyAbstract: In the current study, the prevalence of the most common psychological disorders in COPD patients and their spouses was assessed cross-sectionally. The influence of COPD patients’ and their spouses’ psychopathology on patient health-related quality of life was also examined. The following measurements were employed: Forced expiratory volume in 1 second expressed in percentage predicted (FEV1%, Shuttle-Walking-Test (SWT, International Diagnostic Checklists for ICD-10 (IDCL, questionnaires on generic and disease-specific health-related quality of life (St. George’s Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ, European Quality of Life Questionnaire (EuroQol, a modified version of a Disability-Index (CDI, and a screening questionnaire for a broad range of psychological problems and symptoms of psychopathology (Symptom-Checklist-90-R (SCL-90-R. One hundred and forty-three stable COPD outpatients with a severity grade between 2 and 4 (according to the GOLD criteria as well as 105 spouses took part in the study. The prevalence of anxiety and depression diagnoses was increased both in COPD patients and their spouses. In contrast, substance-related disorders were explicitly more frequent in COPD patients. Multiple linear regression analyses indicated that depression (SCL-90-R, walking distance (SWT, somatization (SCL-90-R, male gender, FEV1%, and heart disease were independent predictors of COPD patients’ health-related quality of life. After including anxiousness of the spouses in the regression, medical variables (FEV1% and heart disease no longer explained disability, thus highlighting the relevance of spouses’ well-being. The results underline the importance of depression

  9. Comparing calibration methods of electron beams using plane-parallel chambers with absorbed-dose to water based protocols

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Stewart, K.J.; Seuntjens, J.P.

    2002-01-01

    Recent absorbed-dose-based protocols allow for two methods of calibrating electron beams using plane-parallel chambers, one using the N D,w Co for a plane-parallel chamber, and the other relying on cross-calibration of the plane-parallel chamber in a high-energy electron beam against a cylindrical chamber which has an N D,w Co factor. The second method is recommended as it avoids problems associated with the P wall correction factors at 60 Co for plane-parallel chambers which are used in the determination of the beam quality conversion factors. In this article we investigate the consistency of these two methods for the PTW Roos, Scanditronics NACP02, and PTW Markus chambers. We processed our data using both the AAPM TG-51 and the IAEA TRS-398 protocols. Wall correction factors in 60 Co beams and absorbed-dose beam quality conversion factors for 20 MeV electrons were derived for these chambers by cross-calibration against a cylindrical ionization chamber. Systematic differences of up to 1.6% were found between our values of P wall and those from the Monte Carlo calculations underlying AAPM TG-51, and up to 0.6% when comparing with the IAEA TRS-398 protocol. The differences in P wall translate directly into differences in the beam quality conversion factors in the respective protocols. The relatively large spread in the experimental data of P wall , and consequently the absorbed-dose beam quality conversion factor, confirms the importance of the cross-calibration technique when using plane-parallel chambers for calibrating clinical electron beams. We confirmed that for well-guarded plane-parallel chambers, the fluence perturbation correction factor at d max is not significantly different from the value at d ref . For the PTW Markus chamber the variation in the latter factor is consistent with published fits relating it to average energy at depth

  10. SU-F-T-218: Validation of An In-Vivo Proton Range Verification Method for Reducing the Risk of Permanent Alopecia in the Treatment of Pediatric Medulloblastoma

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lucconi, G [Department of Medical Physics, S. Orsola-Malpighi University Hospital, Bologna (Italy); Department of Radiation Oncology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA (United States); Bentefour, E; Janssens, G [Advanced Technology Group, Ion Beam Applications (IBA), Louvain la Neuve (Belgium); Deepak, S [Department of Physics, Central University of Karnataka, Karnataka 585367 (India); Weaver, K; Moteabbed, M; Lu, H-M [Department of Radiation Oncology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA (United States)

    2016-06-15

    Purpose: The clinical commissioning of a workflow for pre-treatment range verification/adjustment for the head treatment of pediatric medulloblastoma patients, including dose monitoring during treatment. Methods: An array of Si-diodes (DIODES Incorporated) is placed on the patient skin on the opposite side to the beam entrance. A “scout” SOBP beam, with a longer beam range to cover the diodes in its plateau, is delivered; the measured signal is analyzed and the extracted water equivalent path lengths (WEPL) are compared to the expected values, revealing if a range correction is needed. Diodes stay in place during treatment to measure dose. The workflow was tested in solid water and head phantoms and validated against independent WEPL measurements. Both measured WEPL and skin doses were compared to computed values from the TPS (XiO); a Markus chamber was used for reference dose measurements. Results: The WEPL accuracy of the method was verified by comparing it with the dose extinction method. It resulted, for both solid water and head phantom, in the sub-millimeter range, with a deviation less than 1% to the value extracted from the TPS. The accuracy of dose measurements in the fall-off part of the dose profile was validated against the Markus chamber. The entire range verification workflow was successfully tested for the mock-treatment of head phantom with the standard delivery of 90 cGy per field per fraction. The WEPL measurement revealed no need for range correction. The dose measurements agreed to better than 4% with the prescription dose. The robustness of the method and workflow, including detector array, hardware set and software functions, was successfully stress-tested with multiple repetitions. Conclusion: The performance of the in-vivo range verification system and related workflow meet the clinical requirements in terms of the needed WEPL accuracy for pretreatment range verification with acceptable dose to the patient.

  11. SU-F-T-478: Effect of Deconvolution in Analysis of Mega Voltage Photon Beam Profiles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Muthukumaran, M [Apollo Speciality Hospitals, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (India); Manigandan, D [Fortis Cancer Institute, Mohali, Punjab (India); Murali, V; Chitra, S; Ganapathy, K [Apollo Speciality Hospital, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (India); Vikraman, S [JAYPEE HOSPITAL- RADIATION ONCOLOGY, Noida, UTTAR PRADESH (India)

    2016-06-15

    Purpose: To study and compare the penumbra of 6 MV and 15 MV photon beam profiles after deconvoluting different volume ionization chambers. Methods: 0.125cc Semi-Flex chamber, Markus Chamber and PTW Farmer chamber were used to measure the in-plane and cross-plane profiles at 5 cm depth for 6 MV and 15 MV photons. The profiles were measured for various field sizes starting from 2×2 cm till 30×30 cm. PTW TBA scan software was used for the measurements and the “deconvolution” functionality in the software was used to remove the volume averaging effect due to finite volume of the chamber along lateral and longitudinal directions for all the ionization chambers. The predicted true profile was compared and the change in penumbra before and after deconvolution was studied. Results: After deconvoluting the penumbra decreased by 1 mm for field sizes ranging from 2 × 2 cm till 20 x20 cm. This is observed for along both lateral and longitudinal directions. However for field sizes from 20 × 20 till 30 ×30 cm the difference in penumbra was around 1.2 till 1.8 mm. This was observed for both 6 MV and 15 MV photon beams. The penumbra was always lesser in the deconvoluted profiles for all the ionization chambers involved in the study. The variation in difference in penumbral values were in the order of 0.1 till 0.3 mm between the deconvoluted profile along lateral and longitudinal directions for all the chambers under study. Deconvolution of the profiles along longitudinal direction for Farmer chamber was not good and is not comparable with other deconvoluted profiles. Conclusion: The results of the deconvoluted profiles for 0.125cc and Markus chamber was comparable and the deconvolution functionality can be used to overcome the volume averaging effect.

  12. Experimental determination of the effective point of measurement for various detectors used in photon and electron beam dosimetry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Looe, Hui Khee; Harder, Dietrich; Poppe, Björn

    2011-07-21

    The subject of this study is the 'shift of the effective point of measurement', Δz, well known as a method of correction compensating for the 'displacement effect' in photon and electron beam dosimetry. Radiochromic EBT 1 films have been used to measure the 'true' TPR curves of 6 and 15 MV photons and 6 and 9 MeV electrons in the solid water-equivalent material RW3. For the Roos and Markus chambers, the cylindrical 'PinPoint', 'Semiflex' and 'Rigid-Stem' chambers, the 2D-Array and the E-type silicon diode (all from PTW-Freiburg), the positions of the effective points of measurement have been determined by direct or indirect comparison between their TPR curves and those of the EBT 1 film. Both for the Roos and Markus chambers, we found Δz = (0.4 ± 0.1) mm, which confirms earlier experimental and Monte Carlo results, but means a shortcoming of the 'water-equivalent window thickness' formula. For the cylindrical chambers, the ratio Δz/r was observed to increase with r, confirming a recent Monte Carlo prediction by Tessier (2010 E2-CN-182, Paper no 147, IDOS, Vienna) as well as the experimental observations by Johansson et al (1978 IAEA Symp. Proc. (Vienna) IAEA-SM-222/35 pp 243-70). According to a theoretical consideration, the shift of the effective point of measurement from the reference point of the detector is caused by a gradient of the fluence of the ionizing particles. As the experiments have shown, the value of Δz depends on the construction of the detector, but remains invariant under changes of radiation quality and depth. Other disturbances, which do not belong to the class of 'gradient effects', are not corrected by shifting the effective point of measurement.

  13. Innovative automotive industry II. Trend-setting activities of young scientists in the industry and at universities; Innovative Automobiltechnik II. Zukunftsweisende Arbeiten von Nachwuchsforschern in der Industrie und an Universitaeten

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tschoeke, Helmut; Krahl, Juergen; Munack, Axel (eds.)

    2011-07-01

    Within the 2nd Science Symposium Automotive Engineering at 14th to 15th October, 2010 in Coburg (Federal Republic of Germany) the following lectures were held: (1) New fuel characteristics and ignition delay times with alternative fuels (Andreas Janssen); (2) Investigation of the interaction of engine oil with new fuels as well as the design of measures for lengthening the interval of oil change (Alexander Maeder); (3) Emissions from the combustion of vegetable oils and their esters and synthetic fuels in diesel engines under consideration of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (Jens Schaak); (4) Optimization of the combustion of pure rapeseed oil in modern heavy-duty diesel engines (Markus Lueft); (5) Classification of accident scenarios by means of wavelet transformed and artificial neural networks (Bastian Fuhr); (6) A real-time parallel computer for the re-centralization of control units in automobiles (Stefan Aust); (7) Minimizing the gas formation in fuel pumps of spark ignition engines by means of re-cooling (Joerg Heyse); (8) Model-assisted management of air systems for a diesel engine of passenger cars by means of exhaust gas recirculation systems at low and high pressures (Markus Heuck); (9) Comparison of hybridization and two-step charging concepts enabling enhanced degrees of downsizing (Christian Wiegand); (10) Contaminant behaviour and load-bearing capacity of the 'Premixed Charge Compression Ignition' (Maximilian Brauer); (11) An approach for the metrological determination of the pressure boundary condition for the charge exchange calculation by means of the flow method (Jan Dreves); (12) Simulation of the charge exchange and combustion of a self-igniting spark ignition engines with direct injection (Lars Hartkopf); (13) Fundamental research on diesel injection nozzles with two rows of holes and self-penetrating injection jets (Christoph Menne); (14) Oscillating axial bearings in a diesel injection pump at boundary friction and fuel

  14. A new algorithm for finite element simulation of wedge osteotomies in voxel models with application to the tibia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thomas Pressel

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Thomas Pressel1, Markus D Schofer1, Jörg Meiforth2, Markus Lengsfeld1, Jan Schmitt11Department of Orthopaedics and Rheumatology, University Hospital Marburg, Marburg, Germany; 2St. Vincentius Kliniken, Klinik für Orthopädie, Karlsruhe, GermanyAbstract: Wedge osteotomies are used to correct bone deformities or change the forces acting on bones and joints in the human body. Finite element models can be employed to simulate the effect of such operations on the bone or adjacent joints. The automatic generation of voxel models derived from computed tomography data is a common procedure, but the major drawback of the method lies in irregular model surfaces. Therefore, the concept of hybrid models combining voxel and tetrahedron meshes was developed. We present an algorithm to simulate wedge osteotomies in voxel models by adding tetrahedron to brick elements. Applicability of the procedure was tested by performing a parametric study using a tibia model created from computed tomography scans taken in vivo applying individually calculated force conditions. The osteotomy angle largely affected maximum stresses: at 2.5 degrees valgus, the stresses at the medial and lateral tibial plateau were equivalent, while increasing valgus angles reduced medial stresses. The algorithm described here is an improvement of former mesh generation procedures and allows a better representation of the geometry at the osteotomy level. The algorithm can be used for all wedge osteotomies and is not limited to the tibia.Keywords: finite element/osteotomy/voxel/pre-operative planning, simulation, mesh algorithm

  15. Characterization of a microDiamond detector in high-dose-per-pulse electron beams for intra operative radiation therapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Di Venanzio, C; Marinelli, Marco; Tonnetti, A; Verona-Rinati, G; Falco, M D; Pimpinella, M; Ciccotelli, A; De Stefano, S; Felici, G; Marangoni, F

    2015-12-01

    To characterize a synthetic diamond dosimeter (PTW Freiburg microDiamond 60019) in high dose-per-pulse electron beams produced by an Intra Operative Radiation Therapy (IORT) dedicated accelerator. The dosimetric properties of the microDiamond were assessed under 6, 8 and 9 MeV electron beams by a NOVAC11 mobile accelerator (Sordina IORT Technologies S.p.A.). The characterization was carried out with dose-per-pulse ranging from 26 to 105 mGy per pulse. The microDiamond performance was compared with an Advanced Markus ionization chamber and a PTW silicon diode E in terms of dose linearity, percentage depth dose (PDD) curves, beam profiles and output factors. A good linearity of the microDiamond response was verified in the dose range from 0.2 Gy to 28 Gy. A sensitivity of 1.29 nC/Gy was measured under IORT electron beams, resulting within 1% with respect to the one obtained in reference condition under (60)Co gamma irradiation. PDD measurements were found in agreement with the ones by the reference dosimeters, with differences in R50 values below 0.3 mm. Profile measurements evidenced a high spatial resolution of the microDiamond, slightly worse than the one of the silicon diode. The penumbra widths measured by the microDiamond resulted approximately 0.5 mm larger than the ones by the Silicon diode. Output factors measured by the microDiamond were found within 2% with those obtained by the Advanced Markus down to 3 cm diameter field sizes. The microDiamond dosimeter was demonstrated to be suitable for precise dosimetry in IORT applications under high dose-per-pulse conditions. Copyright © 2015 Associazione Italiana di Fisica Medica. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  16. SU-F-T-76: Total Skin Electron Therapy: An-End-To-End Examination of the Absolute Dosimetry with a Rando Phantom

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cui, G; Ha, J; Zhou, S; Cui, J; Shiu, A [University Southern California, Los Angeles, CA (United States)

    2016-06-15

    Purpose: To examine and validate the absolute dose for total skin electron therapy (TSET) through an end-to-end test with a Rando phantom using optically stimulated luminescent dosimeters (OSLDs) and EBT3 radiochromic films. Methods: A Varian Trilogy linear accelerator equipped with the special procedure 6 MeV HDTSe- was used to perform TSET irradiations using a modified Stanford 6-dual-field technique. The absolute dose was calibrated using a Markus ion chamber at a reference depth of 1.3cm at 100 cm SSD with a field size of 36 × 36 cm at the isocenter in solid water slabs. The absolute dose was cross validated by a farmer ion chamber. Then the dose rate in the unit of cGy/Mu was calibrated using the Markus chamber at the treatment position. OSLDs were used to independently verify the dose using the calibrated dose rate. Finally, a patient treatment plan (200 cGy/cycle) was delivered in the QA mode to a Rando phantom, which had 16 pairs of OSLDs and EBT3 films taped onto its surface at different anatomical positions. The doses recorded were read out to validate the absolute dosimetry for TSET. Results: The OSLD measurements were within 7% agreement with the planned dose except the shoulder areas, where the doses recorded were 23% lower on average than those of the planned. The EBT3 film measurements were within 10% agreement with the planned dose except the shoulder and the scalp vertex areas, where the respective doses recorded were 18% and 14% lower on average than those of the planned. The OSLDs gave more consistent dose measurements than those of the EBT3 films. Conclusion: The absolute dosimetry for TSET was validated by an end-to-end test with a Rando phantom using the OSLDs and EBT3 films. The beam calibration and monitor unit calculations were confirmed.

  17. Sevoflurane mitigates shedding of hyaluronan from the coronary endothelium, also during ischemia/reperfusion: an ex vivo animal study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chen C

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Congcong Chen,1,3 Daniel Chappell,2,3 Thorsten Annecke,2,3 Peter Conzen,2 Matthias Jacob,2,3 Ulrich Welsch,4 Bernhard Zwissler,2 Bernhard F Becker3 1Department of Anesthesiology, Second Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, People's Republic of China; 2Clinic of Anesthesiology, Ludwig-Maximilians-University, Munich, Germany; 3Walter-Brendel-Centre of Experimental Medicine, Ludwig-Maximilians-University, Munich, Germany; 4Institute of Anatomy, Ludwig-Maximilians-University, Munich, Germany Abstract: Glycosaminoglycan hyaluronan (HA, a major constituent of the endothelial glycocalyx, helps to maintain vascular integrity. Preconditioning the heart with volatile anesthetic agents protects against ischemia/reperfusion injury. We investigated a possible protective effect of sevoflurane on the glycocalyx, especially on HA. The effect of pre-ischemic treatment with sevoflurane (15 minutes at 2% vol/vol gas on shedding of HA was evaluated in 28 isolated, beating guinea pig hearts, subjected to warm ischemia (20 minutes at 37°C followed by reperfusion (40 minutes, half with and half without preconditioning by sevoflurane. HA concentration was measured in the coronary effluent. Over the last 20 minutes of reperfusion hydroxyethyl starch (1 g% was continuously infused and the epicardial transudate collected over the last 5 minutes for measuring the colloid extravasation. Additional hearts were fixed by perfusion after the end of reperfusion for immunohistology and electron microscopy. Sevoflurane did not significantly affect post-ischemic oxidative stress, but strongly inhibited shedding of HA during the whole period, surprisingly even prior to ischemia. Immunohistology demonstrated that heparan sulfates and SDC1 of the glycocalyx were also preserved by sevoflurane. Electron microscopy revealed shedding of glycocalyx caused by ischemia and a mostly intact glycocalyx in hearts exposed to sevoflurane. Coronary vascular permeability of the

  18. Possíveis contribuições de Husserl e Heidegger para a clínica fenomenológica Possibles contribuciones de Husserl y Heidegger para la clínica fenomenológica Husserl´s and Heidegger´s possible contributions to clinical phenomenology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Virginia Moreira

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo tem como objetivo descrever as possíveis contribuições das filosofias de Edmund Husserl e Martin Heidegger para o desenvolvimento de uma clínica fenomenológica. Reconhece-se que Husserl, com sua Psicologia Fenomenológica, inaugura uma psicologia da subjetividade que pode servir de base para a clínica fenomenológica. O artigo também discute as contribuições e possíveis limitações das propostas clínicas de Ludwig Binswanger e Medard Boss, que procuram fundamentar-se na Analítica do Dasein de Heidegger, e propõe a fenomenologia existencial de Merleau-Ponty, que retoma o último pensamento de Husserl tendo como fio condutor o conceito de Lebenswelt, como um caminho fecundo para a clínica fenomenológica.Este artículo tiene como objetivo describir las posibles contribuciones de las filosofías de Edmund Husserl y Martin Heidegger para el desarrollo de una clínica fenomenológica. Reconoce que Husserl, con su Psicología Fenomenológica, inaugura una psicología de la subjetividad, que puede servir de base para la clínica fenomenológica. Discute las contribuciones y posibles limitaciones de las propuestas clínicas de Ludwig Binswanger y Medard Boss, que se proponen a tener como fundamentó la Analítica del Dasein de Heidegger. Sugiere la fenomenología existencial de Merleau-Ponty, que retoma el pensamiento del último Husserl teniendo como hilo conductor el concepto de Lebenswelt, como un camino fecundo para la clínica fenomenológica.This article aims to describe the possible contributions of Edmund Husserl´s and Martin Heidegger´s philosophies to the development of a phenomenological clinic. It recognizes that Husserl, with his Phenomenological Psychology, inaugurates a psychology of subjective, which may serve as basis to the phenomenological clinic. It discusses the contributions and possible limitations of Ludwig Binswanger´s and Medard Boss’s clinical proposals, which aim to be funded on Heidegger

  19. Dynamics of the concept “Man” in the history of philosophy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karpina Olena Serhiyivna

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with the development of the category “man” in the history of philosophy. The author focuses on such periods of the philosophical thought development as the Antiquity, the Middle Ages, the Renaissance, the Modern history, the Age of the Enlightenment, German classical philosophy, and non-classical philosophy. The article analyses and compare philosophical views of such outstanding thinkers as Socrates, Aristotle, Epicurus, Titus Lucretius Carus, Thomas Aquinas, Giovanni Pico della Mirandola, Coluccio Salutati, Michel de Montaigne, Francis Bacon, John Locke, Benedict Spinoza, Blaise Pascal, Charles-Louis de Montesquieu, Voltaire, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Immanuel Kant, Ludwig Feuerbach, Arthur Schopenhauer, Søren Kierkegaard, Friedrich Nietzsche.

  20. Beethoven's deafness, the defiance of a genius

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bento, Ricardo Ferreira

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Ludwig van Beethoven, one of the greatest composers in History, was tormented for his whole life by a progressive deafness without definitive diagnosis. Many authors published studies about the etiologic possibilities of the deafness of the music genius with different explanations about his auditory loss. In this work, the author discusses the implications of Beethoven's progressive deafness to the creation of his word, as well as etiologic assumptions of his disease. Would Beethoven have had the same ingeniousness he showed in his symphonies if he did not have hypacusis and tinnitus? What is the influence of his deafness on his work and life? Could he have had a more precise diagnosis and specially a treatment nowadays? Would we have the brilliant composer if he had deafness today? We surely could not have!

  1. Classifications of Patterned Hair Loss: A Review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gupta, Mrinal; Mysore, Venkataram

    2016-01-01

    Patterned hair loss is the most common cause of hair loss seen in both the sexes after puberty. Numerous classification systems have been proposed by various researchers for grading purposes. These systems vary from the simpler systems based on recession of the hairline to the more advanced multifactorial systems based on the morphological and dynamic parameters that affect the scalp and the hair itself. Most of these preexisting systems have certain limitations. Currently, the Hamilton-Norwood classification system for males and the Ludwig system for females are most commonly used to describe patterns of hair loss. In this article, we review the various classification systems for patterned hair loss in both the sexes. Relevant articles were identified through searches of MEDLINE and EMBASE. Search terms included but were not limited to androgenic alopecia classification, patterned hair loss classification, male pattern baldness classification, and female pattern hair loss classification. Further publications were identified from the reference lists of the reviewed articles.

  2. Hair biology and its comprehensive sequence in female pattern baldness: clinical connotation diagnosis and differential diagnosis--Part II.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sehgal, Virendra N; Srivastava, Govind; Aggarwal, Ashok K; Midha, Rashmi

    2013-01-01

    Hair can become a source of concern when there is a change in its texture, number, and thinning. Although female pattern baldness is common, it has received little attention compared with male pattern baldness. Thinning that affects the vertex is insidious and progressive. Hair loss in women has accordingly been interpreted and classified differently than that in men. The Ludwig scale is the most accepted classification. The gross anatomy and the general microanatomy of the hair follicle, including that of the anagen, catagen, and telogen phase, are presented. The hair growth cycle, encompassing anagen, catagen, telogen, exogen, and kenogen, is also discussed to address pattern hair loss in women and provide therapeutic options that are currently available.

  3. Towards Quantifying a Wider Reality: Shannon Exonerata

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robert E. Ulanowicz

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available In 1872 Ludwig von Boltzmann derived a statistical formula to represent the entropy (an apophasis of a highly simplistic system. In 1948 Claude Shannon independently formulated the same expression to capture the positivist essence of information. Such contradictory thrusts engendered decades of ambiguity concerning exactly what is conveyed by the expression. Resolution of widespread confusion is possible by invoking the third law of thermodynamics, which requires that entropy be treated in a relativistic fashion. Doing so parses the Boltzmann expression into separate terms that segregate apophatic entropy from positivist information. Possibly more importantly, the decomposition itself portrays a dialectic-like agonism between constraint and disorder that may provide a more appropriate description of the behavior of living systems than is possible using conventional dynamics. By quantifying the apophatic side of evolution, the Shannon approach to information achieves what no other treatment of the subject affords: It opens the window on a more encompassing perception of reality.

  4. [Pathology and pathologists in fiction revisited].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nizze, H

    2008-11-01

    Pathology and pathologists are rarely the subjects of works of fiction. In the existing sources, the kind of representation naturally depends on the occupations and attitudes of the respective authors. The surgeon and gynecologist Carl Ludwig Schleich recollected Rudolf Virchow's free and easy handling of an autopsy assistant and his simultaneous understanding for a mourning husband. The dermatologist Gottfried Benn processed his disturbing impressions of pathology as an expressionistic dialogue between professor and students, with a violent ending. The writer and dramatic adviser Günther Weisenborn recalled unpleasant details about the autopsy course in his earlier medical studies, which he linked with individual views about the life of a deceased young woman. Praise, so to speak, to the dissecting pathologist have been sensitively written by the lawyer Maxence van der Meersch and by the surgeon Peter Bamm. Finally, the bestselling novelist Arthur Hailey gives an excellent fictional portrayal of the microscopic pathologist in The Final Diagnosis.

  5. 5 years of experience with a large-scale mentoring program for medical students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pinilla, Severin

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we present our 5-year-experience with a large-scale mentoring program for undergraduate medical students at the Ludwig Maximilians-Universität Munich (LMU. We implemented a two-tiered program with a peer-mentoring concept for preclinical students and a 1:1-mentoring concept for clinical students aided by a fully automated online-based matching algorithm. Approximately 20-30% of each student cohort participates in our voluntary mentoring program. Defining ideal program evaluation strategies, recruiting mentors from beyond the academic environment and accounting for the mentoring network reality remain challenging. We conclude that a two-tiered program is well accepted by students and faculty. In addition the online-based matching seems to be effective for large-scale mentoring programs.

  6. Superconductor come on the market. Pt. 2

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Heinzelmann, E.

    1995-01-01

    Switzerland has the leading position in the field of high-temperature superconductors (HTS). The research group of Professor Ott at the ETH Zurich holds the international high-temperature record with 140 C. The company ABB with its powerful current limiter is one of the world's leading enterprises in this field. The ceramic bands developed by professor Fluekiger of the University of Geneve conduct electric current free of loss with such an efficiency that can only by reached by Japan and the USA. In order to use the applications of the HTS-technology for series production, special types of ceramic are required as they are being developed by professor Ludwig J. Gaukler and his team at the ETH Zurich. (orig.) [de

  7. Dynamics of macro-observables and space-time inhomogeneous Gibbs ensembles

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lanz, L.; Lupieri, G.

    1978-01-01

    The relationship between the classical description of a macro-system and quantum mechanics of its particles is considered within the framework recently developed by Ludwig. A procedure is given to define probability measures on the trajectory space of a macrosystem which yields a statistical description of the dynamics of a macrosystem. The basic tool in this treatment is a new concept of space-time inhomogeneous Gibbs ensemble, defined in N-body quantum mechanics. In the Gaussian approximation of the probabilities the results of Zubarev's theory based on the ''nonequilibrium statistical operator'' are recovered. The present ''embedding'' of the description of a macrosystem inside the N-body theory allows for a joint description of a macrosystem and a microsubsystem of it, and a ''macroscopical'' calculation of the statistical operator of the microsystem is indicated. (author)

  8. Common Frontiers of the Exact Sciences and the Humanities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hiebert, Erwin N.

    The physicist Franz Serafin Exner (1849-1926) was a prominent Austrian spokesman for the new developments that were coupled with turn-of-the-century experiments and theories related to entropy thermodynamics, the internally structured atom, quantum theory, and relativity. The Exner circle found its inspiration in the intellectual world of Ludwig Boltzmann and his teachers, colleagues, and students. Cross-discipline discussions on common and divergent frontiers of the exact sciences and the humanities meaningfully converged on the significance, comparison, and transfer of concepts such as the laws of nature, causality, probability, and chance. Oswald Spengler's Decline of the West, with its pessimistic, subjectivistic, and negative science-directed messages provided Exner with the opportunity to sharpen his support for the new scientific trends in physics - thus to champion the search for objective truth.

  9. Occurrence and distribution of triclosan in the German Bight (North Sea)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhiyong, Xie [GKSS Research Centre Geesthacht, Institute for Coastal Research, Max-Planck Strasse 1, D-21502 Geesthacht (Germany); Institute of Ecology and Environmental Chemistry, University of Lueneburg, Scharnhorststrasse 1, D-21335 Lueneburg (Germany)], E-mail: zhiyong.xie@gkss.de; Ebinghaus, Ralf; Floeser, Goetz; Caba, Armando [GKSS Research Centre Geesthacht, Institute for Coastal Research, Max-Planck Strasse 1, D-21502 Geesthacht (Germany); Ruck, Wolfgang [Institute of Ecology and Environmental Chemistry, University of Lueneburg, Scharnhorststrasse 1, D-21335 Lueneburg (Germany)

    2008-12-15

    The potential of triclosan (TCS) acting as an endocrine disruptor has led to growing concern about the presence of TCS in the environment. In this study, seawater samples were collected from the German Bight during sampling campaigns conducted with the German research ships Gauss and Ludwig Prandtl. TCS was determined both in the dissolved phase and in the suspended particulate matters with concentrations ranging 0.8-6870 pg L{sup -1} and <1-95 pg L{sup -1}, respectively. High concentrations of TCS were present in the estuaries of the Elbe and the Weser, indicating significant input of TCS by the river discharge. The correlation coefficient (R{sup 2}) between the dissolved concentration and salinity was 0.79 for the data obtained from the Gauss cruise, showing an obvious declining trend from the coast to the open sea. - Investigation with coastal survey reveals distribution of triclosan in marine waters.

  10. Occurrence and distribution of triclosan in the German Bight (North Sea)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Xie Zhiyong; Ebinghaus, Ralf; Floeser, Goetz; Caba, Armando; Ruck, Wolfgang

    2008-01-01

    The potential of triclosan (TCS) acting as an endocrine disruptor has led to growing concern about the presence of TCS in the environment. In this study, seawater samples were collected from the German Bight during sampling campaigns conducted with the German research ships Gauss and Ludwig Prandtl. TCS was determined both in the dissolved phase and in the suspended particulate matters with concentrations ranging 0.8-6870 pg L -1 and -1 , respectively. High concentrations of TCS were present in the estuaries of the Elbe and the Weser, indicating significant input of TCS by the river discharge. The correlation coefficient (R 2 ) between the dissolved concentration and salinity was 0.79 for the data obtained from the Gauss cruise, showing an obvious declining trend from the coast to the open sea. - Investigation with coastal survey reveals distribution of triclosan in marine waters

  11. Jogos de linguagem/jogos de verdade: de Wittgenstein a Foucault

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elza Ibrahim

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses the constitution of the subject through the truth games and the language games problematized, respectively, by Michel Foucault and Ludwig Wittgenstein, taking as a conducting wire the implications of language in the practices produced in a psychiatric hospital with the human being considered not to be regularly punished. Therefore, we present the objectivist vision of reality and the representational language vision as opposed to the constructivist view of reality and the pragmatic language itself. According to this latter view, the reality is produced by the language through the language games which are historically contextualized. Thus, we are talking about unique subjects. In this context, we bring to the discussion the notion of truth problematized by Foucault as a field of possibilities, who thinks it is so only in the contingency of history that the subject is constituted: as the language, he is the product of multiple social practices.

  12. Reviews in Modern Astronomy: Vol. 17: The Sun and Planetary Systems - Paradigms for the Universe

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schielicke, Reinhard E.

    2004-09-01

    Volume 17 continues the Reviews of Modern Astronomy with fourteen invited reviews and Highlight Contributions which were presented during the International Scientific Conference of the Society on "The Sun and Planetary Systems", held at Freiburg, Germany, September 15 to 20, 2003. The Karl Schwarzschild medal 2003 was awarded to Professor Erika Boehm-Vitense, Seattle, USA. Her lecture with the title "What Hyades F Stars tell us about Heating Mechanisms in Stellar Transition Layers and Coronae" opened the meeting. The talk presented by the Ludwig Biermann-Prize winner 2003, Dr Luis R. Bellot Rubio, Freiburg i. Br., Germany, dealt with the topic "The Structure of Sunspots as Inferred from Spectropolarimetric Measurements". Other contributions to the meeting published in this volume discuss, among other subjects, solar physics, formation of planets and interferometric imaging in astronomy.

  13. Reviews in Modern Astronomy 12, Astronomical Instruments and Methods at the turn of the 21st Century

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schielicke, Reinhard E.

    The yearbook series Reviews in Modern Astronomy of the Astronomische Gesellschaft (AG) was established in 1988 in order to bring the scientific events of the meetings of the society to the attention of the worldwide astronomical community. Reviews in Modern Astronomy is devoted exclusively to the invited Reviews, the Karl Schwarzschild Lectures, the Ludwig Biermann Award Lectures, and the highlight contributions from leading scientists reporting on recent progress and scientific achievements at their respective research institutes. Volume 12 continues the yearbook series with 16 contributions which were presented during the International Scientific Conference of the AG on ``Astronomical Instruments and Methods at the Turn of the 21st Century'' at Heidelberg from September 14 to 19, 1998

  14. La crítica del racionalismo y la pertinencia de la religiosidad en el mundo moderno (The critique of rationalism and the pertinence of religiousness in the modern world

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. C. F. Mansilla

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available La crítica racionalista de los fenómenos religiosos se originó en la Antigüedad clásica y posteriormente en la Ilustración y fue continuada hasta el postmodernismo actual. Decisivos han sido los aportes de Ludwig Feuerbach, Karl Marx, Sigmund Freud y Friedrich Nietzsche. Estos análisis de la religión, centrados en el desilusionamiento sistemático, son reconstruidos someramente y sometidos a crítica. El artículo plantea la necesidad de una religiosidad intelectual, pero se distancia del primer protestantismo (Martín Lutero y de sus consecuencias socio-políticas. Se postula la continuada necesidad de un primer principio que dé sentido a todos los otros fenómenos y que evite el relativismo total.

  15. A New Philosophical Underpinning of Macromarketing Theories

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skytte, Hans

    2014-01-01

    and concepts: “language is autonomous”, “concept”, “seeing as”, “language-games”, etc. In this paper these philosophical thoughts and concepts combine so that they over time form recursive processes which spiral. These processes are taken as the philosophical foundation for researching the language and actions...... of the social actors in marketing systems. The unit of analysis for marketing systems and macromarketing issues is the idea in the recursive process and spiral. The introduction gives a brief overview of what is understood by macromarketing. Followed by a thorough explanation of many of Wittgenstein......This paper proposes a new philosophical foundation for analyzing macromarketing issues, and for further development of macromarketing theory, building on the language philosophy developed by the German/British philosopher Ludwig Wittgenstein. The building blocks are a number philosophical thoughts...

  16. Depending on Ethics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Anne-Marie Søndergaard

    2007-01-01

    According to the standard reception, Kierkegaard thinks of ethics as a possible stage in human life. In this paper, I do not want to contest this interpretation, but I will argue that it often overlooks how the concept of ethics plays another vital role in Kierkegaard's thinking, namely...... that of establishing a necessary connection between ethics and certain forms of philosophy. To avoid the unfruitful thinking of ‘the speculation', the philosopher must accept that her vantage point is given, not in pure objectivity, but in the fact that she is this particular human being; that is, the ethical...... dimension of her life. In this way, Kierkegaard claims that any philosophy concerning human existence must also include ethical considerations. This is a view also held by Ludwig Wittgenstein, but a comparison of the two philosophers shows that even if Kierkegaard finds such fruitful philosophy possible, he...

  17. "Cosmomorphistic geometry" in the unconscious geometry of Johannes Kepler

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adam, Adolf

    Some mathematical aspects of the Music theory by Johannes Kepler are discussed, paying a special attention to the book "De harmonice mundi". Other scientists interested in Music theory are mentioned throughout the paper: The Pythagorean school, Klaudios Ptolemaios, Leonard Euler, Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, Christian von Goldbach, Hermann Ludwig Ferdinand von Helmholz, Karl Friedrich Gauss. The relation with the ancient chinese schools of cosmography has been discussed: From the the Pythagorean to the ancient Chinese schools of cosmography we find arithmo-geometrical applications of numbers which are emblematic, hold meaning or represent the essence of things, the author writes. It was Johannes Kepler who taught us this "transconstructive method" of forming classical and ancient begginings of structuralistic thinking into a system from which deductions can readily be made.

  18. Estoniasse sõidab teatribuss

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Septembris sõidutab Virumaa teatribuss soovijaid neljale Rahvusooperi Estonia etendusele: lastelavastus "Pipi! Nuki! Puhh!" 12. sept., operett "Viini veri" 13. sept., ooper "Tuhkatriinu" 14. sept., ballett "Sülfiid" 15. septembril. Rahvusooper Estonia alustab 102. hooaega: traditsiooniline turupäev 9. sept., Ludwig Minkuse ballett "Don Quijote" (lavastaja Tiit Härm) 4. okt., A. Dvoraki "Reekviem" Tallinnas 1. nov., Tartus 2. nov ja Pärnus 3. nov., Neeme Kuninga lavastatud G. Verdi ooper "Rigoletto" 9. nov., Lehari "Lõbus Lesk" 28. nov., Tibor Kocsaki lasteballett "Lumivalgeke ja seitse pöialpoissi" (lavastaja Gyula Harangozo) 1. veebr. 2008, G. Verdi ooperi "Simon Boccanegra" kontsertettekanne 15. märtsil, muusikali "Minu veetlev leedi" (lavastaja Ago-Endrik Kerge) esietendus 3. apr., R. Wagneri ooper "Tristan ja Isolde" (lavastaja Neeme Kuningas) 17. mail (info: www. opera.ee)

  19. How History Helped Einstein in Special Relativity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martinez, Alberto

    2013-04-01

    I will discuss how the German intellectual movement known as ``critical history'' motivated several physicists in the late 1900s to radically analyze the fundamental principles of mechanics, leading eventually to Einstein's special theory of relativity. Eugen Karl Dühring, Johann Bernhard Stallo, Ludwig Lange, and Ernst Mach wrote critical histories of mechanics, some of which emphasized notions of relativity and observation, in opposition to old metaphysical concepts that seemed to infect the foundations of physics. This strand of critical history included the ``genetic method'' of analyzing how concepts develop over time, in our minds, by way of ordinary experiences, which by 1904 was young Albert Einstein's favorite approach for examining fundamental notions. Thus I will discuss how history contributed in Einstein's path to relativity, as well as comment more generally on Einstein's views on history.

  20. Boundary entropy of one-dimensional quantum systems at low temperature

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Friedan, Daniel; Konechny, Anatoly

    2004-01-01

    The boundary β function generates the renormalization group acting on the universality classes of one-dimensional quantum systems with boundary which are critical in the bulk but not critical at the boundary. We prove a gradient formula for the boundary β function, expressing it as the gradient of the boundary entropy s at fixed nonzero temperature. The gradient formula implies that s decreases under renormalization, except at critical points (where it stays constant). At a critical point, the number exp(s) is the 'ground-state degeneracy', g, of Affleck and Ludwig, so we have proved their long-standing conjecture that g decreases under renormalization, from critical point to critical point. The gradient formula also implies that s decreases with temperature, except at critical points, where it is independent of temperature. It remains open whether the boundary entropy is always bounded below