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Sample records for reservation dona ana

  1. An Exploratory Study of Low Income Spanish-American Families in Dona Ana County, New Mexico: Their Marketing and Credit Practices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mitchell, Glen Hugh

    Utilizing a 77-item questionnaire, the marketing and credit practices of the Spanish American poor in New Mexico were examined. Randomly selected from the Community Action Program files, approximately 100 households in Las Cruces, the main urban center, and 60 households in the small rural communities of Dona Ana and La Mesa (30 in each) were…

  2. Dona Ana County 2000 Census Block Groups

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — TIGER, TIGER/Line, and Census TIGER are registered trademarks of the Bureau of the Census. The Redistricting Census 2000 TIGER/Line files are an extract of selected...

  3. Dona Ana County 2010 Census Tracts

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — The TIGER/Line Files are shapefiles and related database files (.dbf) that are an extract of selected geographic and cartographic information from the U.S. Census...

  4. Dona Ana County Current Area Landmark

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — The TIGER/Line Files are shapefiles and related database files (.dbf) that are an extract of selected geographic and cartographic information from the U.S. Census...

  5. Dona Ana County 2010 Census Blocks

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — The TIGER/Line Files are shapefiles and related database files (.dbf) that are an extract of selected geographic and cartographic information from the U.S. Census...

  6. Dona Ana County 2010 Census Block Groups

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — The TIGER/Line Files are shapefiles and related database files (.dbf) that are an extract of selected geographic and cartographic information from the U.S. Census...

  7. Dona Ana County 1990 Census Tracts

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — This data set is a vector polygon digital data structure taken from the Census Bureau's TIGER/Line Files, 1994, for New Mexico. The source software used was ARC/INFO...

  8. Dona Ana County 1990 Census Block Groups

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — This data set is a vector polygon digital data structure taken from the Census Bureau's TIGER/Line Files, 1994, for New Mexico. The source software used was ARC/INFO...

  9. Dona Ana County Blocks, Total Population (2010)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — The once-a-decade decennial census was conducted in April 2010 by the U.S. Census Bureau. This count of every resident in the United States was mandated by Article...

  10. Dona Ana County 2010 Census Roads

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — The TIGER/Line Files are shapefiles and related database files (.dbf) that are an extract of selected geographic and cartographic information from the U.S. Census...

  11. Five Years of Designing Wireless Sensor Networks in the Doñana Biological Reserve (Spain): An Applications Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larios, Diego F.; Barbancho, Julio; Sevillano, José L.; Rodríguez, Gustavo; Molina, Francisco J.; Gasull, Virginia G.; Mora-Merchan, Javier M.; León, Carlos

    2013-01-01

    Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) are a technology that is becoming very popular for many applications, and environmental monitoring is one of its most important application areas. This technology solves the lack of flexibility of wired sensor installations and, at the same time, reduces the deployment costs. To demonstrate the advantages of WSN technology, for the last five years we have been deploying some prototypes in the Doñana Biological Reserve, which is an important protected area in Southern Spain. These prototypes not only evaluate the technology, but also solve some of the monitoring problems that have been raised by biologists working in Doñana. This paper presents a review of the work that has been developed during these five years. Here, we demonstrate the enormous potential of using machine learning in wireless sensor networks for environmental and animal monitoring because this approach increases the amount of useful information and reduces the effort that is required by biologists in an environmental monitoring task. PMID:24025554

  12. Dona Ana County Blocks, Race and Hispanic Ethnicity (2010)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — The once-a-decade decennial census was conducted in April 2010 by the U.S. Census Bureau. This count of every resident in the United States was mandated by Article...

  13. 2010, Dona Ana County, NM, Current Area Hydrography

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — The TIGER/Line Files are shapefiles and related database files (.dbf) that are an extract of selected geographic and cartographic information from the U.S. Census...

  14. Nodes for Dona Ana County, New Mexico, 2006se TIGER

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — The 2006 Second Edition TIGER/Line files are an extract of selected geographic and cartographic information from the Census TIGER database. The geographic coverage...

  15. Hydrography for Dona Ana County, New Mexico, 2006se TIGER

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — The 2006 Second Edition TIGER/Line files are an extract of selected geographic and cartographic information from the Census TIGER database. The geographic coverage...

  16. Dona Ana County Blocks, Average Household Size by Tenure (2010)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — The once-a-decade decennial census was conducted in April 2010 by the U.S. Census Bureau. This count of every resident in the United States was mandated by Article...

  17. Dona Ana County Block Groups, Housing Tenure (2010)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — The once-a-decade decennial census was conducted in April 2010 by the U.S. Census Bureau. This count of every resident in the United States was mandated by Article...

  18. Dona Ana County TIGER 2000 Roads and Nodes

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — TIGER, TIGER/Line, and Census TIGER are registered trademarks of the Bureau of the Census. The Redistricting Census 2000 TIGER/Line files are an extract of selected...

  19. Dona Ana County Block Groups, Housing Occupancy Status (2010)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — The once-a-decade decennial census was conducted in April 2010 by the U.S. Census Bureau. This count of every resident in the United States was mandated by Article...

  20. Dona Ana County Block Groups, Race and Hispanic Ethnicity (2010)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — The once-a-decade decennial census was conducted in April 2010 by the U.S. Census Bureau. This count of every resident in the United States was mandated by Article...

  1. Dona Ana County Block Groups, Housing Vacancy Status (2010)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — The once-a-decade decennial census was conducted in April 2010 by the U.S. Census Bureau. This count of every resident in the United States was mandated by Article...

  2. Dona Ana County Blocks, Housing Vacancy Status (2010)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — The once-a-decade decennial census was conducted in April 2010 by the U.S. Census Bureau. This count of every resident in the United States was mandated by Article...

  3. Ana Mendieta

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Íñigo Clavo

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available El siguiente texto hace un recorrido sobre algunos asuntos tratados en la producción artística de Ana Mendieta a través de una única obra: La performance Body Prints. En contraposición con la limpieza minimalista y en contraposición también con la opaca y compleja retícula gestual de Pollock, Mendieta presenta su cuerpo desnudo impregnado de sangre. Tendida en el suelo es cubierta primero con una sábana blanca y luego con una negra hasta dejar su huella en ambas. Las dos sábanas manchadas de sangre nos remiten a la figura del sudario, elemento que Mendieta usó en varios trabajos durante los primeros setenta.The following text looks at some of Ana Mendietas' subject matters through her piece: The Body Prints. Mendieta presents her naked body ipregnated of blood in contrast to the minimal cleannes, and also in contrast to Pollocks opaque and complex gestures network. On the floor she is first covered with a white sheet and then with a black one until a trace of her figure is imprinted on the sheets. The two sheets remaind us the shrough figure, an element that Mendieta used in several pieces during the seventies. Analyzing this performance we recognize themes such as violence, birth and female identity claimed by the feminist theory of diference.

  4. La dona esportista als mitjans de comunicació

    OpenAIRE

    López Ulric, Ingrid

    2015-01-01

    El present treball analitza l'emissió de contingut esportiu femení i la imatge que les televisions mostren de la dona esportista. Per realitzar l'anàlisi s'ha visualitzat el contingut esportiu de tres cadenes especialitzades, Teledeporte, TV3 i GolTV, i també la dels informatius de les sis cadenes més vistes a Catalunya TVE, TV3, Telecinco, Antena3, Cuatro i la Sexta. Per concloure destaquem la estereotipació dels esports i la invisibilitat de la dona. El presente trabajo analiza la emisió...

  5. Soil Survey Geographic (SSURGO) database for Dona Ana County Area, New Mexico

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — This data set is a digital soil survey and generally is the most detailed level of soil geographic data developed by the National Cooperative Soil Survey. The...

  6. Dona Ana County Transportation Analysis Zones, Census 2000 from TIGER 2008

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — The TIGER/Line Shapefiles are an extract of selected geographic and cartographic information from the Census MAF/TIGER database. The Census MAF/TIGER database...

  7. Geothermal low-temperature reservoir assessment in Dona Ana County, New Mexico. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Icerman, L.; Lohse, R.L.

    1983-04-01

    Sixty-four shallow temperature gradient holes were drilled on the Mesilla Valley East Mesa (east of Interstate Highways 10 and 25), stretching from US Highway 70 north of Las Cruces to NM Highway 404 adjacent to Anthony, New Mexico. Using these data as part of the site selection process, Chaffee Geothermal, Ltd. of Denver, Colorado, drilled two low-temperature geothermal production wells to the immediate north and south of Tortugas Mountain and encountered a significant low-temperature reservoir, with a temperature of about 150{sup 0}F and flow rates of 750 to 1500 gallons per minute at depths from 650 to 1250 feet. These joint exploration activities resulted in the discovery and confirmation of a 30-square-mile low-temperature geothermal anomaly just a few miles to the east of Las Cruces that has been newly named as the Las Cruces east Mesa Geothermal Field. Elevated temperature and heat flow data suggest that the thermal anomaly is fault controlled and extends southward to the Texas border covering a 100-square-mile area. With the exception of some localized perturbations, the anomaly appears to decrease in temperature from the north to the south. Deeper drilling is required in the southern part of the anomaly to confirm the existence of commercially-exploitable geothermal waters.

  8. Dona Ana County Block Groups, Age by 5-Year Age Groups for Males (2010)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — The once-a-decade decennial census was conducted in April 2010 by the U.S. Census Bureau. This count of every resident in the United States was mandated by Article...

  9. 2000 Census Voting Precincts for Dona Ana County, New Mexico, 2006se TIGER

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — The 2006 Second Edition TIGER/Line files are an extract of selected geographic and cartographic information from the Census TIGER database. The geographic coverage...

  10. 2000 Census Unified School Districts for Dona Ana County, New Mexico, 2006se TIGER

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — The 2006 Second Edition TIGER/Line files are an extract of selected geographic and cartographic information from the Census TIGER database. The geographic coverage...

  11. Dona Ana County Blocks, Age by 5-Year Age Groups for Both Sexes Combined (2010)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — The once-a-decade decennial census was conducted in April 2010 by the U.S. Census Bureau. This count of every resident in the United States was mandated by Article...

  12. Landmark Points for Dona Ana County, New Mexico, 2006se TIGER

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — The 2006 Second Edition TIGER/Line files are an extract of selected geographic and cartographic information from the Census TIGER database. The geographic coverage...

  13. Current Federal Congressional Districts for Dona Ana County, New Mexico, 2006se TIGER

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — The 2006 Second Edition TIGER/Line files are an extract of selected geographic and cartographic information from the Census TIGER database. The geographic coverage...

  14. Dona Ana County Block Groups, Age by 5-Year Age Groups for Females (2010)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — The once-a-decade decennial census was conducted in April 2010 by the U.S. Census Bureau. This count of every resident in the United States was mandated by Article...

  15. County Economic Census for Dona Ana County, New Mexico, 2006se TIGER

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — The 2006 Second Edition TIGER/Line files are an extract of selected geographic and cartographic information from the Census TIGER database. The geographic coverage...

  16. Current County Census Subdivision for Dona Ana County, New Mexico, 2006se TIGER

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — The 2006 Second Edition TIGER/Line files are an extract of selected geographic and cartographic information from the Census TIGER database. The geographic coverage...

  17. Current Census Blocks for Dona Ana County, New Mexico, 2006se TIGER

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — The 2006 Second Edition TIGER/Line files are an extract of selected geographic and cartographic information from the Census TIGER database. The geographic coverage...

  18. Dona Ana County 2010 Census Voting District County-based (VTD)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — The TIGER/Line Files are shapefiles and related database files (.dbf) that are an extract of selected geographic and cartographic information from the U.S. Census...

  19. Dona Ana No Esta Aqui. Sexto Modulo de una Serie para Maestros de Escuela Elemental (Dona Ana Isn't Here. Sixth Module of a Series for Elementary School Teachers).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Molina, Carmen Eneida, Ed.; And Others

    This guide in English and Spanish examines the roles assigned to women in social studies textbooks and the omission of women from history books. It analyzes the topics, textbooks, pictures, and narrations in use, and offers alternatives to these biased materials. A pre-test and post-test are included to measure the user's awareness of textbook…

  20. A Dona Flor da Forum: publicidade, desejo e consumo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandra Fischer

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available A coleção Verão 2004 da marca brasileira de roupas Forum teve como tema Dona Flor e seus dois maridos, obra literária de Jorge Amado. A campanha publicitária explorou o tema que inspirou a coleção. Este trabalho pretende realçar aspectos do segmento veiculado no jornal Folha de S. Paulo, com vistas a analisar os efeitos de sentido que ali se alojam - enfatizando a vertente daqueles que dizem respeito a questões afetas à motivação do desejo e à dimensão da instância situada entre a utopia e o gozo, entre o estágio do anseio e o fase da realização do desejo. O instalar e o satisfazer desejos nos parecem ter relevância para o campo dos estudos sobre publicidade e consumo. Nessa perspectiva, a brecha que se aninha entre o que se almeja e o que se consegue - entre aquilo que o anunciante faz desejar e aquilo que o consumidor finalmente obtém - pode vir a ser reveladora.

  1. 2000 Census 5-Digit ZIP Code Tabulation Areas (ZCTAs) for Dona Ana County, New Mexico, 2006se TIGER

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — The 2006 Second Edition TIGER/Line files are an extract of selected geographic and cartographic information from the Census TIGER database. The geographic coverage...

  2. Current 3-Digit ZIP Code Tabulation Areas (ZCTAs) for Dona Ana County, New Mexico, 2006se TIGER

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — The 2006 Second Edition TIGER/Line files are an extract of selected geographic and cartographic information from the Census TIGER database. The geographic coverage...

  3. Fluxes of diatoms in the Dona Paula Bay, west coast of India

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Garg, A.; Bhaskar

    Sediment traps were deployed at a station in the Dona Paula Bay, Goa, India to collect sedimenting particles at weekly intervals from November to May during 1995-1997. Sedimented particles were analysed for total diatom flux, chlorophyll a (Chl a...

  4. Purification and Characterization of Anacardium occidentale (Cashew) Allergens Ana o 1, Ana o 2, and Ana o 3

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Reitsma, Marit; Bastiaan-Net, Shanna; Sforza, Stefano; Valk, Van Der J.P.M.; Gerth Van Wijk, Van Roy; Savelkoul, H.F.J.; Jong, De N.W.; Wichers, H.J.

    2016-01-01

    In this study a fast and simple purification procedure for the three known allergens from cashew (7S globulin Ana o 1, 11S globulin Ana o 2, and 2S albumin Ana o 3) is described. The purified allergens are characterized by sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE),

  5. Central hydroelectric of Santa Ana

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pardo A, German

    2000-01-01

    The paper is related to the construction of an alternating tunnel of conduction to take advantage of the available hydraulic load among the Wiesner Plant and Santa Ana's tanks and of Suba, works required to build a hydroelectric power station with a generation capacity of approximately of 12 MW

  6. A linguagem do humor e do desejo em Dona Flor e seus Dois Maridos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alba Valéria Tinoco Alves Silva

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this article is to propose a reading of the novel Dona Flor e seus dois maridos by Jorge Amado, guided by two of its constituent elements: the construction of the comic characters from the point of view of their obsessive traits and the representation of desire based on the love triangle played by Dona Flor, the teacher of culinary, and her two husbands, Waldomiro dos Santos Guimarães, also called Vadinho, and Teodoro Madureira, the pharmacist. To account for these aspects, the theoretical framework of this paper follows two different strands. In terms of erotic language, the main reference is the work of Affonso Romano de Sant’Anna, O canibalismo amoroso, 1984. On the side of the construction of humor, the main references are Vilma Áreas, Iniciação à comédia, 1999; Vladimir Propp, Comicidade e riso, 1992, and Cleise Mendes, A gargalhada de Ulisses, 2008.The aim of this article is to propose a reading of the novel Dona Flor e seus dois maridos by Jorge Amado, guided by two of its constituent elements: the construction of the comic characters from the point of view of their obsessive traits and the representation of desire based on the love triangle played by Dona Flor, the teacher of culinary, and her two husbands, Waldomiro dos Santos Guimarães, also called Vadinho, and Teodoro Madureira, the pharmacist. To account for these aspects, the theoretical framework of this paper follows two different strands. In terms of erotic language, the main reference is the work of Affonso Romano de Sant’Anna, O canibalismo amoroso,1984. On the side of the construction of humor, the main references are  Vilma Áreas, Iniciação à comédia, 1999; Vladimir Propp, Comicidade e riso, 1992, and Cleise Mendes, A gargalhada de Ulisses, 2008.

  7. Casos de Ensino em Administração: Dona Flor: Desintermediar ou ser Desintermediada!

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aline Stange

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available The Dona Flor teaching case portrays the moment in which Pedro Brasil, founder of an erotic product reseller for women through direct sales, was looking for ways to keep his business healthy and growing. One possibility was derived from the fact that consumers did not recognize specific brands ofproducts, since there were no large companies in the erotic products market. The channel structure of the company, however, hindered the exploitation of this opportunity. The case highlights the fragilityof the company’s relationship with suppliers and with catalog distributors. Students should therefore consider the disintermediation of both upstream and downstream links in the value chain and the implications of this decision for the business. Moreover, the case suggests the possibility that Dona Flor itself was in danger of being disintermediated, requiring the evaluation of strategies to mitigate this risk, which include the development of a private label. The goal is to enable students to sketch the path-to-market diagram, and, based on it, provide alternatives for the company, considering the advantages and disadvantages of each proposal. They should also realize the importance of the differential offered by Dona Flor and the limitations it imposes on the exploitation of different distribution channels.

  8. Purification and Characterization of Anacardium occidentale (Cashew) Allergens Ana o 1, Ana o 2, and Ana o 3.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reitsma, Marit; Bastiaan-Net, Shanna; Sforza, Stefano; van der Valk, Johanna P M; van Gerth van Wijk, Roy; Savelkoul, Huub F J; de Jong, Nicolette W; Wichers, Harry J

    2016-02-10

    In this study a fast and simple purification procedure for the three known allergens from cashew (7S globulin Ana o 1, 11S globulin Ana o 2, and 2S albumin Ana o 3) is described. The purified allergens are characterized by sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE), Western blot, glycoprotein stain, and protein identification. The purified proteins still bind IgE, and this IgE binding varied between different pools of patient serum. Ana o 1 was found to be a glycoprotein. Ana o 3 has been studied more in detail to identify both the small and large subunits, both displaying microheterogeneity, and epitope mapping of Ana o 3 has been performed.

  9. The universe of ANA testing: a case for point-of-care ANA testing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Konstantinov, Konstantin N; Rubin, Robert L

    2017-12-01

    Testing for total antinuclear antibodies (ANA) is a critical tool for diagnosis and management of autoimmune diseases at both the primary care and subspecialty settings. Repurposing of ANA from a test for lupus to a test for any autoimmune condition has driven the increase in ANA requests. Changes in ANA referral patterns include early or subclinical autoimmune disease detection in patients with low pre-test probability and use of negative ANA results to rule out underlying autoimmune disease. A positive result can lead to further diagnostic considerations. Currently, ANA tests are performed in centralized laboratories; an alternative would be ANA testing at the clinical point-of-care (POC). By virtue of its near real-time data collection capability, low cost, and ease of use, we believe the POC ANA has the potential to enable a new paradigm shift in autoimmune serology testing.

  10. Armazenamento refrigerado de uvas cvs. Tardia de Caxias e Dona Zilá Cold storage of 'Tardia de Caxias' and 'Dona Zilá' table grafes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Auri Brackmann

    2000-08-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar condições de armazenamento sobre as características físico-químicas e organolépticas e tratamentos pós-colheita para o controle de podridões em uvas de mesa cvs. Tardia de Caxias e Dona Zilá. As condições de armazenamento testadas foram: -1,0°C, -0,5°C ou +0,5°C com 97% de umidade relativa (UR e -0,5°C com 93% de UR. Os tratamentos pós-colheita para controle de podridões foram: cloreto de cálcio (CaCl2 - 0,5% aplicado por imersão; dióxido de enxofre (SO2 aplicado semanalmente através de 4g de metabissulfito de sódio (Na2S2O5; CO2 (5kPa durante todo o período de armazenamento e; tratamentos intermitentes com CO2 (20kPa, aplicados semanalmente durante 24 horas. O delineamento experimental foi o inteiramente casualizado com três repetições. As avaliações foram realizadas aos 35 dias de armazenamento e após dois dias de exposição desses frutos à temperatura ambiente (±20°C. As cultivares Tardia de Caxias e Dona Zilá não apresentaram sensibilidade à baixa temperatura de armazenamento. A umidade relativa de 97% diminuiu a perda de peso, atém de reduzir o escurecimento do ráquis e o degrane das bagas. O tratamento pós-colheita com CaCl2 causou danos à epiderme, aumentando as podridões. O SO2 não influenciou a incidência de podridões. Já a utilização de altas concentrações de CO2 diminuiu ligeiramente as perdas por podridões. As cvs. Tardia de Caxias e Dona Zilá possuem boa capacidade de armazenamento, podendo ser conservadas sob refrigeração na temperatura de -1,0°Ca + 0,5°C.The objective of the present work was to evaluate storage conditions and postharvest treatments on the quality of Tardia de Caxias' and ‘Dona Zilá’ table grapes. Temperatures of -I,0°C, -0,5°C or +0,5°C were combined with relative humidities of 93 or 97%. Postharvest treatments were calcium chloride (CaCl2 - 0,5%, sulfur dioxide (SO2 or high CO2 concentrations (5kPa, during the

  11. Composition and size class structure of tree species in Ihang'ana ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Ihang'ana Forest Reserve is part of the Udzungwa Mountains ecosystem that falls under the Eastern Arc Mountains (EAM). Previous plant biodiversity studies in this ecosystem concentrated on large-sized Forest Reserves of greater than 20,000 ha (FR) such as the Uzungwa Scarp ignoring small-sized forests of less than ...

  12. Seismic investigation of the buried horst between the Jornada del Muerto and Mesilla ground-water basins near Las Cruces, Dona Ana County, New Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woodward, D.G.; Myers, R.G.

    1997-01-01

    Six seismic reflection profiles were collected in the vicinity of the Jornada Horst between Goat Mountain and Tortugas Mountain (northeast and east of Las Cruces, New Mexico) to delineate more precisely the geometry of the horst and to determine whether large, buried channels have been incised into the top of the horst. The Jornada fault zone separates the southern Jornada del Muerto ground-water basin from the Mesilla ground-water basin in the Mesilla drainage basin. The upper part of the Jornada Horst is composed of Tertiary volcanic and volcaniclastic rocks; these rocks overlie Permian sedimentary rocks. The horst, in turn, is overlain by unconsolidated sediments of the upper Santa Fe Group. Some test holes indicate that little or no ground water flows from the Jornada del Muerto ground-water basin to the Mesilla ground-water basin over some portions of the horst. However, some ground water flows through the upper Santa Fe Group deposits above some portions of the horst. Ground-water flow immediately east of the horst near U.S. Highway 70 is deflected northward in the southern Jornada del Muerto ground-water basin presumably because of the change from higher hydraulic-conductivity values of aquifer materials in the southern basin to lower hydraulic-conductivity values of materials in the horst. Incised, buried channels, if present on the horst, could be filled with alluvial material with higher hydraulic- conductivity values than those of the material in the horst. Incised, buried channels would allow ground water to readily move from the Jornada del Muerto ground-water basin to the Mesilla ground-water basin. The gross geometry of the horst--eastern extent, constraints on the western extent, and general altitude of the top--was discerned by interpretations of the seismic profiles. The presence or absence of large channels incised into the top of the horst could not be confirmed by these interpretations. However, the seismic interpretations suggest that the water table is above the top of the horst for most of its extent between U.S. Highway 70 and Tortugas Mountain and that the top of the horst is above the water table and acts as a subsurface flow barrier north of U.S. Highway 70.

  13. Soil Survey Geographic (SSURGO) database for White Sands Missile Range, New Mexico, Parts of Dona Ana, Lincoln, Otero, Sierra and Socorro Counties

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — This data set is a digital soil survey and generally is the most detailed level of soil geographic data developed by the National Cooperative Soil Survey. The...

  14. Windows 7 ieviešana

    OpenAIRE

    Laurens, Matīss

    2011-01-01

    Kvalifikācijas darbā „Windows 7 ieviešana” tiek izveidota Windows 7 operētājsistēmas ieviešanas sistēma virtuālajā vidē, kas sevī ietver visu ieviešanas produktu un rīku apvienojumu, lai būtu pieejami visi „Lite Touch Installation” ieviešanas veidi noteiktu ieviešanas situāciju risināšanai. Ieviešanas sistēma tiek veidota ar mērķi izveidot pilnība strādājošu infrastruktūru virtuālajā vidē, pēc kuras piemēra pēc tam būtu iespējams realizēt strādājošu ievi...

  15. Dimensiju samazināšanas algoritmi

    OpenAIRE

    Starovoitova, Tatjana

    2012-01-01

    Šīs darbs apskata datu dimensiju samazināšanas nepieciešamību un metodes. Tas pēta vienu no pieejām - galveno komponenšu analīzi. Darba mērķis ir izpētīt to teorētisko pamatojumu, darbības principus un pielietošanas iespējas; salīdzināt eksistējošas implementācijas, noskaidrot to pielietošanas robežas, un izpētīt iteratīvo tuvināto algoritmu veidošanas iespējas. Algoritmu darbība tiek pārbaudīta uz lielām datu kopām, lai salīdzināt veiktspēju un patērētus resursus un ieraudzīt uzlabošanas...

  16. O EVANGELHO SEGUNDO DONA LAURICENA ANÁLISE E INTERPRETAÇÃO DE UMA CRISTOLOGIA POPULAR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Geraldo Luiz De Mori

    1993-01-01

    Full Text Available Refletir tecnologicamente sobre a inspiração de um texto teológico poético-popular coletado na periferia de Belo Horizonte é a intenção do presente trabalho. "História de Jesus" foi o título que a autora deu ao texto. Sugestivamente se pode adiantar o resultado da reflexão, denominando-o de "Evangelho segundo Dona Lauricena".

  17. Geology of the Curimatau medium region (Paraiba State, Brazil) and the emplacement of the Dona Ines granite associated to the Brasiliano transcurrent shear zones; Geologia da Regiao do Medio Curimatau (PB) e o alojamento do granito de Dona Ines associado a zonas de cisalhamento transcorrentes brasilianas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Borges, Sergio Vieira Freire

    1996-12-31

    In an area of about 700 Km{sup 2} located in the northeast of Paraiba State and having as main point the town of Dona Ines, a geologic/structural mapping, a gravimetric survey and radiometric dating using the Rb/Sr method in whole rock and Sm.Nd model ages were undertaken in order to study and to understand the geology of this portion of terrain, the emplacement of the Dona Ines granitoids and its relationship with the enclosing rocks and the deformation acting at the time of the intrusion. The age of the pluton of Dona Ines was determined by the Rb/Sr whole rock method as 560 {+-} 20 Ma (end of Brasiliano Cycle in the region). Sm.Nd model ages in granitoids of Araras, Belem and Dona Ines have revealed paleoproterozoic ages for their crustal sources, as indicated by the negative {epsilon}{sub nd} of this rock 128 refs., 95 figs., 6 tabs., 7 maps

  18. Título do blogue: ana vidigal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristina Néry

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Existe desde 2007 e constitui‑se como um arquivo pessoal e actualizado do trabalho de 30 décadas da artista plástica Ana Vidigal. Afirma: a «pintura é tudo o que se cola». O processo é estabelecido assim pela artista como um regime de reciclagem de elementos que passa pelo uso de objectos da sua infância ou elementos característicos da cultura dos anos sessenta. O blogue é gerido pela própria, para que não fique nada por ver, como um depósito de narrativas do seu trabalho. Ana Vidigal convoca...

  19. Ser trabalhadora remunerada ou dona de casa associa-se à qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Caroline Senicato

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Resumo: Considerando que não há estudos brasileiros que avaliem a relação entre a inserção no mercado de trabalho e a qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde (QVRS de mulheres, objetivou-se com a presente pesquisa verificar se existe associação entre ter ou não trabalho remunerado e a QVRS das mulheres, e, se o estrato socioeconômico modifica esta associação. Trata-se de estudo transversal de base populacional com amostra de 668 mulheres de 18 a 64 anos do Inquérito de Saúde de Campinas (ISACamp 2008/2009, utilizando-se o SF-36 para avaliar a QVRS. Ser dona de casa esteve associado à pior QVRS, sobretudo nos aspectos mentais, mas esta associação é modificada pelo nível socioeconômico. Nos segmentos de intermediária e baixa escolaridade e renda familiar, as donas de casa apresentaram pior QVRS que as trabalhadoras remuneradas, mas não houve diferença entre os dois segmentos nos estratos de alta escolaridade e renda. A pior QVRS das donas de casa enfatiza a importância de políticas públicas que visem a ampliar as oportunidades de inserção da mulher no mercado de trabalho e de acesso à educação.

  20. Ana Istarú en tono mayor

    OpenAIRE

    Perdomo, Miguel Aníbal

    2009-01-01

    Pocas veces se ha oído un tono tan enérgico en la poesía femenina hispanoamericana como el que surge de Poesía escogida1 de Ana Istarú. La suya es voz que remonta los vientos cargados de fluoruro de carbono y choca contra el agujero abierto por nuestra salvaje civilización en la capa de ozono.

  1. Determination of specificity and pattern of antinuclear antibodies (ana) in systemic rheumatic disease patients positive for ana testing

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nawaz, H.; Bashir, M.M.; Iqbal, W.

    2018-01-01

    To determine probability of finding antinuclear antibodies (ANA) and anti extractable nuclear antigens (ENA) positive samples and associating ANA patterns with anti-ENA reactivities among a consecutive cohort of samples of systemic rheumatic disease patients referred for ANA testing. Study Design:Prospective cohort study. Place and Duration of Study:Immunology Department, Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, Rawalpindi, Pakistan, from January to June 2016. Methodology:All the samples referred for ANA testing with clinical suspicion of systemic rheumatic disease were included. After screening, ANA positive samples were subjected to anti-ENA antibodies testing (including anti-SSA, anti-SSB, anti-Sm, anti-RNP, anti-SCL-70 and anti-Jo-1 antibodies) and ANA pattern and titer determination. Results:Of 4,347 samples received, 397 were positive for ANA (9%). Of 397, 96 (24%) samples positive on ENA screen were tested for anti-ENA reactivity. Anti-SSA antibodies were found in 59 samples. Commonest ANA patterns were coarse and fine speckled (43 and 22 samples of 81 tested), while majority of samples carried ANA in titers of 1:40 and 1:80 (22 and 18 samples of 81 tested). No specific ANA pattern was associated with any particular anti-ENA reactivity. Conclusion:Among samples/patients referred for investigations of autoimmune disorders, probability of finding positive ANA is approximately 9%. Of these 9%, about 24% also show reactivity against ENA. Commonest ANA pattern is coarse speckled and majority of such patients carry ANA in titers ranging from 1:40 to 1:80. Commonest ENA reactivity was against SSA. (author)

  2. U Portugalii dusha poeta / Ana Paula Zacarias ; interv. Aleksandr Shegedin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Zacarias, Ana Paula

    2006-01-01

    Äsja avatud Portugali saatkonda juhtiv suursaadik Ana Paula Baptista Grade Zacarias jagab Portugali kogemusi seoses liitumisega Euroopa Liiduga. Eesti-Portugali suhted, suursaadiku esmamuljed Eestist

  3. Serpentine Locomotion Articulated Chain: ANA II

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. M. Cardona

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available When humanity faces challenges in solving problems beyond their technical resources, and has no foundation to solve a problem, engineering must search for an answer developing new concepts and innovative frameworks to excel these limitations and travel beyond our capabilities. This project “Serpentine locomotion articulated chain: ANA II” is a self-contained robot built to evaluate the behavior of the platform being capable of serpentine movements, in a modular chain mechanical design, based on a master/slave architecture.

  4. La legende de Dona Marinha: mythologie et génealogie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Delpech, F.

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available The medieval legend of Dona Marinha is an account of the origins of the galician family of the Marinhos. It tells of the rape of a mysterious and mute seamaid by a knight, and of her gradual integration into human society.
    This tale belongs to the subgroup of genealogical traditions based on mythical backgrounds,which were in use in the peninsular culture at the end of the Middle Ages. It differs however from the melusinian type, with which it only has some slight analogies.
    In this legend is experimentally tested an imaginary model of resolution of the conflictive duality which opposes Nature and Culture, exogamy and assimilation, masculine predominance and matrilineal trends. This model is embodied by a type of marriage in which the mediation of filiation conveys a softening and, at last, an elimination of the inconveniences of hyper-exogamy.

    La leyenda medieval de Doña Marinha, en la que se explica el origen del linaje gallego de los Marinhos, cuenta el rapto por un caballero de una mujer marina misteriosa y muda y la progresiva integración de la misma en la sociedad humana.
    Este relato forma parte del subgrupo de las tradiciones genealógicas de fondo mítico que florece en la península hacia el final de la Edad Media. Sin embargo se distingue claramente del tipo de las leyendas «melusinianas », con las que sólo comparte analogías superficiales. En esta leyenda se pone a prueba e ilustra un imaginario modelo experimental de resolución de la dualidad conflictiva entre Naturaleza y Cultura,, exogamia y asimilación, poder masculino y orientación matrilineal, y se propone, al nivel mítico, un tipo de alianza matrimonial mediatizada en el que la filiación y el ritual ayudan a mitigar, y finalmente anular, los inconvenientes de una exogamia excesiva.

  5. Communicating stigma: the pro-ana paradox.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yeshua-Katz, Daphna; Martins, Nicole

    2013-01-01

    This study explores the personal experience of pro-ana bloggers, members of an online community for people with eating disorders. Using Erving Goffman's work on stigma, this study explores the motivations, benefits, and drawbacks of blogging about a stigmatized mental illness, as taken from the bloggers' own perceptive. We conducted 33 interviews with bloggers from seven different countries via phone, Skype, and e-mail. Participants were motivated to blog because they found social support, a way to cope with a stigmatized illness, and means of self-expression. Participants described blogging as a cathartic experience and perceived the social support they received from other members of the pro-ana community as a benefit. The fear that the eating disorder will be revealed if the blog is exposed and the concern that the blog encourages disordered eating were the perceived negative consequences of maintaining such a blog. Thus, blogging about anorexia serves to both alleviate and trigger anxiety about living with this stigmatized illness. Recommendations for future research are made.

  6. Free inside: The Music Class at Santa Ana Jail

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fierro, Joe

    2010-01-01

    This article examines the workings of the music class at the Santa Ana Jail in Santa Ana, California. It gives us insight into a jail system and a music class focused on helping inmates position themselves to become productive members of society. In this article I examine how the facility encourages inmates' good behaviour and why the music class…

  7. Consolidación estructural del edificio patrimonial de C/Ripoll, 25 de Barcelona - Ca la Dona

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bestraten, S.

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The building, found in 25th Ripoll Street, in Barcelona, is listed by the Special Plan for protection of architectural heritage of the Barcelona district, Ciutat Vella. In 2005, the Ca la Dona association with support from all Catalan public administrations, starts a restoration process under a sustainability criteria. An innovative structural intervention is performed consisting in a functional replacement of the existing floorings with cross-laminated timber panel, which, doesn’t change the overall load state of the building, making compatible the structural continuity of the existing load-bearing walls. This project opens a way to the prefabrication of solutions used in architectural restoration, allowing to adapt to regulatory constraints, along with considering current issues, such as, sustainability.

    El edificio de la calle Ripoll nº25 de Barcelona está catalogado por el Plan especial de protección del patrimonio arquitectónico del distrito barcelonés de Ciutat Vella. En 2005 la asociación Ca la Dona con el apoyo de todas las administraciones públicas catalanas inicia un proceso de rehabilitación con criterios de sostenibilidad. Se realiza una intervención estructural innovadora consistente en una sustitución funcional de forjados existentes con panel de madera contralaminada, que en general no modifica el estado de cargas del edificio haciendo compatible la continuidad estructural de los muros de carga existentes. Este proyecto abre un camino a la prefabricación en la rehabilitación arquitectónica, que permite su adaptación a los requerimientos normativos actuales y a su vez integra consideraciones tan actuales como la sostenibilidad.

  8. 75 FR 17316 - Prevailing Rate Systems; Nonappropriated Fund Wage and Survey Areas

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-06

    ...: Texas: Lubbock Potter Dona Ana Survey Area New Mexico: Dona Ana Area of Application. Survey area plus... area plus: Utah: Box Elder Tooele Uintah VIRGINIA Alexandria-Arlington-Fairfax Survey Area Virginia...

  9. 75 FR 49351 - Prevailing Rate Systems; Nonappropriated Fund Wage and Survey Areas

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-13

    ... Application. Survey area plus: Texas: Lubbock Potter Dona Ana Survey Area New Mexico: Dona Ana Area of... Salt Lake Weber Area of Application. Survey area plus: Utah: Box Elder Tooele Uintah VIRGINIA...

  10. ERP sistēmas ieviešana

    OpenAIRE

    Proskurins, Aleksandrs

    2008-01-01

    Šajā darbā tika apskatīta informācijas sistēmu klasifikācija, uzņēmuma resursu plānošanas sistēmas (ERP) definīcija un tās vieta IS klasifikācijā. Tika apskatīti ERP sistēmu ieviešanas teorētiskie aspekti, izstrādes un pielāgošanas specifika, kā arī tika izanalizēti vairāki ERP sistēmas ieviešanas projekti Latvijas uzņēmumos.

  11. Kukuļa izspiešanas nošķiršana no kukuļa pieprasīšanas

    OpenAIRE

    Ivanovs, Igors

    2015-01-01

    Bakalaura darbs ir veltīts divu kukuļņemšanas kvalificējošo pazīmju – kukuļa pieprasīšanas un kukuļa izspiešanas – izpētei un analīzei. Darba gaitā autors secina, ka praksē kriminālprocesa ietvaros ne vienmēr tiek visaptveroši analizēts jautājums, vai darbība, par kuru dots kukulis, bija likumīga vai nelikumīga, un vai valsts amatpersona apdraudēja personas likumīgās intereses vai nē, kas var novest pie kļūdainas noziedzīga nodarījuma kvalifikācijas. Ievērojot teorētiskās atziņas un apkopoto ...

  12. Gastronomia sensual: análise simbólica de A festa de Babette e Dona Flor e seus dois maridos = Sensual gastronomy: symbolic analysis of Babetes fiest and Dona Flor e seus dois maridos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rocha, Gilmar

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available O texto apresenta uma análise simbólica sobre a representação do gênero feminino dramatizada nos filmes Dona Flor e seus dois maridos (1976 e A festa de Babette (1987. Ambientados em contextos socio-históricos diferentes, tais filmes podem ser vistos como “etnografias” que falam do imaginário religioso e do ethos cultural protestante na Dinamarca de fins do século 19 e do sincretismo afro-brasileiro da primeira metade do século 20. O ponto de vista da antropologia simbólica, alimentada pelas contribuições teóricas de Clifford Geertz, Marcel Mauss, Victor Turner e Roberto DaMatta, orienta a interpretação dos filmes a partir dos códigos culturais da culinária (comida, da corporalidade (sexualidade e da religiosidade (puritanismo e sincretismo. Destaca-se, nessas “etnografias fílmicas”, o modo como os sistemas da dádiva e da carnavalização que as estruturam convergem para um mesmo campo de significação. A estratégia metodológica adotada consiste em comparar os filmes tendo por base a estrutura conceitual dos “dramas sociais”

  13. La dona de record immarcescible. Ecos almerienses en la obra etimológica de Joan Coromines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Enrique Gargallo Gil

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available La «dona de record immarcescible»: así evoca Joan Coromines a su esposa en un poema inserto en el diccionario etimológico catalán (DECat y fechado el mismo año, 1981, de la muerte de esta. Bárbara de Haro Rodríguez, a quien se refiere siempre mediante alusiones elusivas, tanto en el DECat como en el diccionario castellano e hispánico (DCECH, era originaria de Bédar (Almería, y es sin lugar a dudas la fuente oral que proporciona los datos que Coromines refleja en su obra etimológica, sobre todo en el DCECH. La posibilidad de realizar búsquedas textuales en la edición electrónica de este diccionario (DCECH 2012, tales como «gente de Bédar» o «montañas de Almería», permite la detección de abundantes referencias almerienses, que testimonian una de las múltiples facetas de la poliédrica personalidad del etimólogo.

  14. Entrevista com a Professora Ana Jacó Vilela

    OpenAIRE

    Editorial, Corpo

    2017-01-01

    A professora Ana Jacó Vilela é graduada em Psicologia pela Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (1972), mestre em Psicologia pela Fundação Getúlio Vargas - RJ (1980) e doutora em Psicologia Escolar e do Desenvolvimento Humano pela Universidade de São Paulo (1996), com pós-doutorado em História e Historiografia da Psicologia na Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona (2004). Ana Jacó Vilela é professora associada da UERJ, atuando no Programa de Pós-graduação em Psicologia Social e no Curso de gradu...

  15. Zeolite-like metal-organic frameworks with ana topology

    KAUST Repository

    Eddaoudi, Mohamed

    2017-04-20

    Embodiments of the present disclosure describe a zeolite-like metal-organic framework composition comprising a metal-organic framework composition with ana topology characterized by the formula [MIII(4, 5-imidazole dicarboxylic acid)2X(solvent)a]n wherein MIII comprises a trivalent cation of a rare earth element, X comprises an alkali metal element or alkaline earth metal element, and solvent comprises a guest molecule occupying pores. Embodiments of the present disclosure describe a method of separating paraffins comprising contacting a zeolite-like metal-organic framework with ana topology with a flow of paraffins, and separating the paraffins by size.

  16. Testēšanas prasmju uzlabošana, pamatojoties uz procesa dokumentāciju

    OpenAIRE

    Andersons, Jānis

    2012-01-01

    Bakalaura darba tēma ir ”Testēšanas prasmju uzlabošana, pamatojoties uz procesa dokumentāciju”. Latvijā, pēdējos gados, programmatūras izstrādes industrija ir ļoti strauji augusi un augstskolās tiek sagatavoti daudzi šīs jomas speciālisti. Diemžēl ne visās augstskolās tiek pievērsta pietiekama uzmanība testēšanas jomas speciālistu sagatavošanai. Līdz ar to bieži programmatūras izstrādes uzņēmumiem ir pašiem jāsagatavo jaunos darbiniekus produktīvam darbam. Darba mērķis ir definēt un apr...

  17. La dona en l’activitat publicitària : la situació actual de les redactores publicitàries

    OpenAIRE

    Fernández Rodríguez, Patricia

    2014-01-01

    Aquest treball analitza la situació laboral actual de les redactores publicitàries a les agències de publicitat i la compara amb la dels redactors publicitaris per així trobar si hi ha diferències entre sexes i quines són, i si el fet de ser dona condiciona la projecció professional. Dit d’una altra manera, es vol estudiar si existeix discriminació per estereotips de gènere en la professió de copywriter. Concretament, l’objecte d’estudi s’aborda des de tres vessants: el perfil professional, l...

  18. Analysis of the effects of combustion emissions and Santa Ana winds on ambient ozone during the October 2007 southern California wildfires

    Science.gov (United States)

    A. Bytnerowicz; D. Cayan; P. Riggan; S. Schilling; P. Dawson; M. Tyree; L. Wolden; R. Tissell; H. Preisler

    2010-01-01

    Combustion emissions and strong Santa Ana winds had pronounced effects on patterns and levels of ambient ozone (O3) in southern California during the extensive wildland fires of October 2007. These changes are described in detail for a rural receptor site, the Santa Margarita Ecological Reserve, located among large fires in San Diego and Orange counties. In addition,...

  19. The Impact of Santa Ana Winds on Wildland Fire Regimes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Billmire, M.; Loboda, T. V.; French, N. H.; Tyner, M.

    2011-12-01

    Santa Ana winds have been implicated as major drivers of extensive wildfires that occur annually in southern California. While numerous anecdotal reports dictate an obvious relationship, there is little quantitative analysis in current literature on how this loosely-defined weather phenomenon impacts fire progression regimes. A new satellite-derived fire progression dataset developed using MODIS and Landsat was linked to a network of 82 Remote Automated Weather Stations (RAWS) to evaluate three differing a priori classifications of Santa Ana events defined using three weather parameters: wind speed, wind direction, and relative humidity. The fire progression dataset comprised 528 burn area polygons representing 151 distinct fire events from 2001-2009 in southern California. Each burn area polygon was assigned weather data from one of the RAWS units by shortest straight-line distance. These data and methods show quantitatively that burn area is dramatically larger under Santa Ana conditions than under non-Santa Ana conditions (see table). Outliers of both types (large burn areas under non-SA conditions; small burn areas under SA conditions) were identified and closely examined to identify potentially confounding variables. Time-lag effects (particularly with respect to cumulative precipitation preceding day of burn) and effects with regard to local vs. regional measurements were examined as well. We tested 17 variables (3 relative humidity variables, 5 wind speed variables, 3 temperature variables, 3 moisture variables, previous day burn area, census-derived population density, and the number of hours meeting one Santa Ana classification) individually and in combination for correlation with both burn area and burn area change from the previous day to test their predictive power. Mean daily relative humidity was found to have the strongest correlation (Pearson's r = -0.451) with burn area. All variables except moisture variables were more strongly correlated with the

  20. ANAlyte: A modular image analysis tool for ANA testing with indirect immunofluorescence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Di Cataldo, Santa; Tonti, Simone; Bottino, Andrea; Ficarra, Elisa

    2016-05-01

    intensity and fluorescent pattern with accuracy better or comparable with the state of the art techniques, even when such techniques are run on manually segmented cells. Hence, ANAlyte can be proposed as a valid solution to the problem of ANA testing automatization. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  1. Online Stigma Resistance in the Pro-Ana Community.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yeshua-Katz, Daphna

    2015-10-01

    Media scholars often use concepts from Goffman's dramaturgical approach to study online communities of stigmatized individuals as "backstages," spaces where members take refuge from social disapproval. In this study, I extend this view through an examination of in-depth interviews with bloggers from the "pro-ana" community, an online community for people with eating disorders. To explore how this community uses an online environment that is both anonymous and public, I fuse Goffman's ideas about identity performance and stigma with more recent theories about boundary maintenance. In-depth interviews with "pro-ana" bloggers reveal that to protect this virtual group and resist stigmas associated both with their illness and with their online presence, they construct their own norms and rules in the online realm, and discipline and eject members deemed to be out-group. © The Author(s) 2015.

  2. Congreso www.derechotics.com 2010 Ana Aba, Mesa 3

    OpenAIRE

    Cotino Hueso, Lorenzo

    2010-01-01

    Garantías de la privacidad en las redes sociales, por Ana Aba Catoira, Profesora titular de Derecho constitucional, U. de A Coruña.Mesa 3: Privacidad y la propiedad intelectual frente a la libertad de expresión e información en la redCongreso www.derechotics.com Valencia, 14-15 octubre 2010 Libertades informativas en internet: ejercicio, amenazas y garantías, Lorenzo Cotino (org.)

  3. Kukuļņemšanas un kukuļdošanas kvalifikācijas problēmas

    OpenAIRE

    Brauere, Jolanta

    2010-01-01

    Bakalaura darba nosaukums ir „Kukuļņemšanas un kukuļdošanas kvalifikācijas problēmas”. Darba mērķis ir izpētīt normatīvos aktus, speciālo juridisko literatūru un judikatūru, nolūkā konstatēt problēmas kukuļņemšanas un kukuļdošanas kvalifikācijā. Lai sasniegtu šo mērķi, darbā tika aplūkota kukuļņemšanas un kukuļdošanas vēsturiskā attīstība, tādējādi sniedzot nelielu ieskatu par kukuļņemšanas un kukuļdošanas juridiskā pamata vēsturiskās attīstības posmiem no 19.gadsimta līdz mūsdienām. Darb...

  4. O outro de Ana Cristina Cesar: WW ou um qualquer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Carolina Cernicchiaro

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/1984-784X.2010nesp3p176 Quem é Ana Cristina Cesar? A quem perguntar senão ao outro (como fazia Jacques Derrida ao gato1, a um outro, ao outro qualquer que somos nós seus leitores, estes que ela abraça e se joga aos pés; ao outro qualquer que são seus amigos: WW, KM, LM, Jack, Charles, Caio, Ângela, enfim, um índice onomástico inteiro. Aos outros seus conterrâneos, não só os do Rio de Janeiro, mas os da cidade dos poetas, Londres, Lisboa, Paris, Nova York, Belo Horizonte, São Paulo, etc, etc, etc. Ao outro suas personagens, suas máscaras, Ana C, ACC, Ana Cristina Cesar, o gato, a toalha, aquela que ouve Roberto Carlos, que assiste Casablanca, que briga com Freud, que conversa com uma amiga, que bate à porta de um amigo, que pega um táxi, que fuma debaixo da janela, “meio-bruxa, meia-fera”, a que tem sobressaltos, que escreve no automóvel, entre tantas outras que não são

  5. O outro de Ana Cristina Cesar: WW ou um qualquer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Carolina Cernicchiaro

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Quem é Ana Cristina Cesar? A quem perguntar senão ao outro (como fazia Jacques Derrida ao gato1, a um outro, ao outro qualquer que somos nós seus leitores, estes que ela abraça e se joga aos pés; ao outro qualquer que são seus amigos: WW, KM, LM, Jack, Charles, Caio, Ângela, enfim, um índice onomástico inteiro. Aos outros seus conterrâneos, não só os do Rio de Janeiro, mas os da cidade dos poetas, Londres, Lisboa, Paris, Nova York, Belo Horizonte, São Paulo, etc, etc, etc. Ao outro suas personagens, suas máscaras, Ana C, ACC, Ana Cristina Cesar, o gato, a toalha, aquela que ouve Roberto Carlos, que assiste Casablanca, que briga com Freud, que conversa com uma amiga, que bate à porta de um amigo, que pega um táxi, que fuma debaixo da janela, “meio-bruxa, meia-fera”, a que tem sobressaltos, que escreve no automóvel, entre tantas outras que não são.

  6. PERCEPÇÃO AMBIENTAL DE DONAS DE CASA SOBRE O USO DE PRODUTOS QUÍMICOS EM DOMICÍLIOS E ESTRATÉGIAS SUSTENTÁVEIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Georgiana Amaral Nóbrega

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available RESUMO Devido ao elevado número de produtos químicos domiciliares que vem sendo consumidos e a escassez de informação sobre os riscos em sua utilização, o homem vem contribuindo consideravelmente para a degradação ambiental. O presente trabalho teve por objetivo analisar a percepção ambiental de donas de casa do bairro de Nova Descoberta na cidade de Natal/RN sobre o uso de produtos químicos domiciliares e disposição de tais produtos, bem como propor estratégias sustentáveis a partir da percepção dessas. A metodologia constituiu na utilização de um instrumento de entrevista, que objetivou analisar como as pessoas dessa investigação científica percebem as mudanças ocasionadas pela utilização e disposição incorreta dos produtos químicos domiciliares e o quanto isso pode afetar a sua qualidade de vida e o meio ambiente. Foi desenvolvido também um levantamento bibliográfico. Foram aplicados 10 instrumentos de entrevista, com donas de casa mantendo um critério conhecido como “saturação” já que os argumentos apresentados em sua grande maioria se repetiam, de forma que não acrescentaria muito ao conteúdo de investigação a persistência na realização de mais entrevistas. A análise dos dados ocorreu por meio de uma abordagem qualitativa e identificação dos principais problemas enfrentados devido à falta de planejamento ambiental domiciliar. A percepção ambiental das donas de casa é a de que utilizam produtos químicos e desconhecem seu uso e disposição corretos. Foi observada a precariedade de informações no bairro da comunidade sobre os malefícios que os produtos químicos domiciliares podem ocasionar e a necessidade da implantação de um planejamento ambiental domiciliar.

  7. Mākoņdatošanas izmantošana informātikas priekšmetā vidusskolā.

    OpenAIRE

    Jēkabsone, Kristīne

    2013-01-01

    Izanalizējot informātikas standartu vidusskolā izpētīta mākoņdatošanas izmantošanas iespējas vidusskolā. Veikta aptauja vidusskolas klases skolēnu vidū. Aplūkots vidusskolas izglītojamo pieejamais tehnoloģiju klāsts. Meklēta atbilde uz pētniecisko jautājumu: kādas ir mākoņdatošanas izmantošanas iespējas informātikas priekšmeta apguvē vidusskolā? Sniegti ieteikumi skolotājiem strādājot ar mākoņdatošanu. Atslēgas vārdi: informātika, mākoņdatošana, Google Drive, Skydrive, Dropbox....

  8. Novel duck parvovirus identified in Cherry Valley ducks (Anas platyrhynchos domesticus), China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Chuanfeng; Li, Qi; Chen, Zongyan; Liu, Guangqing

    2016-10-01

    An unknown infectious disease in Cherry Valley ducks (Anas platyrhynchos domesticus) characterized by short beak and strong growth retardation occurred in China during 2015. The causative agent of this disease, tentatively named duck short beak and dwarfism syndrome (DSBDS), as well as the evolutionary relationships between this causative agent and all currently known avian-origin parvoviruses were clarified by virus isolation, transmission electron microscope (TEM) observation, analysis of nuclear acid type, (RT-)PCR identification, whole genome sequencing, and NS1 protein sequences-based phylogenetic analyses. The results indicated that the causative agent of DSBDS is closely related with the goose parvovirus-like virus, which is divergent from all currently known avian-origin parvoviruses and should be a novel duck parvovirus (NDPV). Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  9. Kukuļņemšanas un kukuļdošanas noziedzīgo nodarījumu krimināltiesiskais raksturojums

    OpenAIRE

    Ozoliņš, Uldis

    2010-01-01

    . Kukuļņemšanas un kukuļdošanas noziedzīgo nodarījumu krimināltiesiskais raksturojums. Kukuļņemšana un kukuļdošana ir vieni no izplatītākajiem noziedzīgajiem nodarījumiem valsts institūciju dienestā. Diplomdarba aktualitāte ir saistīta ar to, ka jau vairākus gadus Latvijas sabiedrībā ir izvērsusies plaša diskusija par nepieciešamību efektīvi cīnīties ar kukuļošanas izskaušanu valsts amatpersonu darbībā. Šajā darbā tiek apskatīts kukuļņemšanas un kukuļdošanas starptautiskais r...

  10. Contribution of Doñana wetlands to carbon sequestration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morris, Edward P; Flecha, Susana; Figuerola, Jordi; Costas, Eduardo; Navarro, Gabriel; Ruiz, Javier; Rodriguez, Pablo; Huertas, Emma

    2013-01-01

    Inland and transitional aquatic systems play an important role in global carbon (C) cycling. Yet, the C dynamics of wetlands and floodplains are poorly defined and field data is scarce. Air-water CO2 fluxes in the wetlands of Doñana Natural Area (SW Spain) were examined by measuring alkalinity, pH and other physiochemical parameters in a range of water bodies during 2010-2011. Areal fluxes were calculated and, using remote sensing, an estimate of the contribution of aquatic habitats to gaseous CO2 transport was derived. Semi-permanent ponds adjacent to the large Guadalquivir estuary acted as mild sinks, whilst temporal wetlands were strong sources of CO2 (-0.8 and 36.3 mmol(CO2) m(-2) d(-1)). Fluxes in semi-permanent streams and ponds changed seasonally; acting as sources in spring-winter and mild sinks in autumn (16.7 and -1.2 mmol(CO2) m(-2) d(-1)). Overall, Doñana's water bodies were a net annual source of CO2 (5.2 mol(C) m(-2) y(-1). Up-scaling clarified the overwhelming contribution of seasonal flooding and allochthonous organic matter inputs in determining regional air-water gaseous CO2 transport (13.1 Gg(C) y(-1)). Nevertheless, this estimate is about 6 times < local marsh net primary production, suggesting the system acts as an annual net CO2 sink. Initial indications suggest longer hydroperiods may favour autochthonous C capture by phytoplankton. Direct anthropogenic impacts have reduced the hydroperiod in Doñana and this maybe exacerbated by climate change (less rainfall and more evaporation), suggesting potential for the modification of C sequestration.

  11. Doctora Ana Larralde Pineda, ejemplo para nuestra profesión Doctor Ana Larralde Pineda, an example to our profession

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alberto James Pita

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available El papel de la mujer en la Cirugía Maxilofacial es valioso, y más aún el de la doctora Ana Larralde Pineda, primera cirujana maxilofacial de Cuba. Con este trabajo nos hemos propuesto resaltar la figura de esta ejemplar profesional y transmitir, sobre todo a las nuevas generaciones de nuestra especialidad y de la Estomatología en general, su recuerdo imperecedero. Se realizó una investigación de tipo histórica, para recopilar los datos biográficos más generales de la profesora. Se realizaron entrevistas abiertas. A los entrevistados se les explicó el objetivo y la intención de los autores. Todos dieron su consentimiento para ser entrevistados. Se realizó una revisión bibliográfica mediante la consulta a de la base de datos Scielo Cuba y se consultó prensa escrita y el archivo de la Sociedad Cubana de Cirugía Maxilofacial. La doctora Ana Larralde Pineda supo en todo momento conjugar la responsabilidad profesional, docente, humana, con la vida familiar, y abrió las puertas a la incorporación de la mujer a esta especialidad de reconocida entrega, sacrificio y vocación para sus miembros, especialmente para las féminas.Women play a valuable role in maxillofacial surgery. A clear example is Doctor Ana Larralde Pineda, the first Cuban female maxillofacial surgeon. The purpose of this paper is to pay tribute to this outstanding professional and convey her imperishable example to the new generations of maxillofacial specialists and dental professionals at large. A historical study was conducted to gather the most general biographical information about the professor. Open interviews were carried out. Interviewees were informed of the authors' purpose and intention. All gave their consent to be interviewed. A bibliographic review was conducted based on Scielo Cuba database, the printed press and the archives of the Cuban Society of Maxillofacial Surgery. Doctor Ana Larralde Pineda was always able to combine her professional, teaching

  12. Konkuretspējas paaugstināšanas virzieni apdrošināšanas sabiedrībā BTA

    OpenAIRE

    Filipova, Rita

    2016-01-01

    Maģistra darbā „Konkurētspējas paaugstināšanas virzieni apdrošināšanas sabiedrībā „BTA” tiek analizēta apdrošināšanas sabiedrības konkurētspēja. Maģistra darba mērķis ir, pamatojoties uz teorētiskajām atziņām, izstrādāt konkurētspējas paaugstināšanas virzienus apdrošināšanas sabiedrībā „BTA”. Lai sasniegtu mērķi, tiek izvirzīti sekojoši uzdevumi: 1) apskatīt konkurētspējas jēdzienu, tās novērtēšanas metodes, ietekmējošos faktorus; 2) raksturot Latviju konkurētspējas jomā; 3) apskatīt konkurēt...

  13. Video spēļu tulkošana kā atšķirīgs tulkošanas veids

    OpenAIRE

    Voiciša, Anda

    2011-01-01

    Bakaluara darbā tiek pētīta video spēļu tulkošana attiecībā uz vispārējo tulkošanas nozari, aprakstot tulkošanas jēdziena skaidrojumu un saistību starp oriģinālvalodu un mērķa valodu. Tiek apskatītas galvenās metodes un stratēģijas, kas tiek lietotas tulkošanas procesā, kā arī tekstu veidi un to ietekme uz tulkošnas metožu izvēli. Aprakstot video spēļu būtību un to tulkošanas īpatnības, galvenā uzmanība tiek pievērsta svarīgākajiem tulkošanas jautājumiem, stratēģijām un tehnikām, kuras tiek i...

  14. Dažādu metožu izmantošana lasīšanas veicināšanai sākumskolā.

    OpenAIRE

    Lāce, Laimdota

    2006-01-01

    Darbā veikta lasīšanas veicināšanas metožu izpēte. Mērķis - noteikt šo metožu izmantošanas iespējas mācību procesā un noskaidrot skolēnu lasīšanas aktivitātes metožu mērķtiecīgas izmantošanas rezultātā pamatizglītības posmā no otrās līdz ceturtajai klasei. Tēmas aktualitāti pamato situācija, kāda izveidojusies, ja bērniem dažādu iemeslu dēļ zūd interese par grāmatu lasīšanu. Diplomdarba teorētiskajā daļā vispirms akcentēta lasīšanas nozīme bērna pasaules izziņas procesā, psihiskā lī...

  15. Position of Imam Malik bin Anas on Deviant Sects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Allaa Eddin Muhammad Esmail

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The study attempts to highlight the position of Imam Malik bin Anas on deviant sects which emerged and developed during his time. It discusses the views of Imam Malik on other Muslim sects like Shi’its and its school of thoughts, Qadarites, where he authored a specific book and a chapter in his “Muwatta” in response to their central teachings, Khariji, Murji”it and Mu’tazilites. This paper also discusses the views of Imam Malik and his response to important issues related to those sects such as “al-mutasyabihat” and the creation of Al-Quran. Imam Malik’s ways and methods in dealing with those sects are also highlighted.

  16. Ana Enriqueta Terán: poetisa de la lengua

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Alberto Angulo

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Este año ha sido esencial en la vida de la escritora Ana Enriqueta Terán, tres libros estupendos suyos han sido publicados en los primeros seis meses. Uno de sonetos con dibujos de ella misma (Otros sonetos de todos mis tiempos. Casa Nacional de las Letras Andrés Bello, Caracas, una novela (Apuntes y congojas de una decadencia narrada en tres muertes. Fundación Editorial El Perro y la Rana, Caracas, y a finales del mes de junio - en el marco del XI Festival Mundial de Poesía de Venezuela -, la prestigiosa Biblioteca Ayacucho ha presentado con el Nº 252 de su Colección Clásica a Piedra de habla, antología poética con prólogo de Patricia Guzmán titulado Ana Enriqueta Terán Voz relampagueante de misterio y belleza, amén de la profusa cronología y concienzuda compilación de las fuentes bibliográficas. También este año, el Museo de Arte Valencia conjuntamente con la Red de Escritores de Venezuela y de un grupo de amigos de la poetisa constituidos como comité preparatorio para la celebración del centenario de la escritora, le rindió un cálido homenaje el domingo 4 de mayo, aniversario noventa y seis (96 de su nacimiento en Valera, estado Trujillo, de la ahora República Bolivariana de Venezuela

  17. Ana Carolina Escosteguy: Cenários dos estudos culturais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thaisa Cristina Bueno

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Autora do livro “Cartografia dos Estudos Culturais”, “Comunicação e recepção” (em coautoria com Nilda Jacks, “Leituras em comunicação, cultura e tecnologia”, além de coautora e organizadora em outras obras de referência sobre o tema cultura e comunicação no Brasil, Ana Carolina Escosteguy é hoje um dos nomes mais importantes quando se pensa em Estudos Culturais no país. Doutora em Ciências da Comunicação pela Universidade de São Paulo (2000, com pós-doutorado no CAMRI (Communication and Media Research Institute, associado ao Department of Journalism and Mass Communication da School of Media, Art and Design da University of Westminster (UK, Ana Carolina Escosteguy é professora titular da Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul (PUCRS e bolsista produtividade em pesquisa do CNPq, desde março 2001. Nesta entrevista ela discute pontos sensíveis da área, entre eles o pouco destaque das pesquisas desse campo têm tido no Jornalismo, o fato de a base teórica ser bem mais ampla que os tradicionais estudos de recepção a que são comumente aproximados, não se nega a tratar das confusões com a folkcomunicação, bem como as próprios limites e intersecções desse campo de estudos. Durante esta conversa, aproveita para apontar as obras que considera essenciais para adentrar na área e mostra coragem e segurança para se colocar como uma pesquisadora que busca entender o tempo atual, as tecnologias e as rupturas a partir da perspectiva do usuário. Confiram:

  18. Viaje al palenque Caribe de Ana Mercedes Hoyos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Cristina Laverde Toscano

    1995-04-01

    Full Text Available Transitar por el camino de un artista consagrado despierta en el espectador diversos y entrañables sentimientos. Recorrer la obra de Ana Mercedes Hoyos nos enfrenta al proceso coherente y mesurado de una creadora que se apropió de la luz majestuosa para dar vida a objetos del entorno cotidiano. Objetos que danzan, dueños del movimiento y la sensualidad que los convierte en sagrados. El encuentro con un cuadro de esta artista se transforma así en un acto sublime de contemplación. Esta Maestra vive hoy en función de su trabajo las veinticuatro horas de cada día: sus viajes continuos tienen que ver siempre con sus labores artísticas en Nueva York, con sus exposiciones en los más disímiles puntos del planeta, con su anhelo ferviente de conocer lo que grandes maestros de la plástica universal muestran en famosos museos y galerías del mundo. Así preserva la riqueza de esa relación constante en su obra entre temáticas locales y estilos y lenguajes contemporáneos e internacionales. En Bogotá, la vida de Ana Mercedes Hoyos transcurre alderredor de su taller donde infatigablemente lleva al lienzo sólo algunos de los múltiples proyectos que invaden su creativa imaginación. Los pocos compromisos que acepta giran también en torno al trabajo, al igual que sus amigos con quienes comparte actividades y labores de su quehacer artístico. Al final, como ella afirma ... “todo se me vuelve el mismo cuento”.

  19. ANA IIF Automation: Moving towards Harmonization? Results of a Multicenter Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stefanie Van den Bremt

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Our study aimed to investigate whether the introduction of automated anti-nuclear antibody (ANA indirect immunofluorescence (IIF analysis decreases the interlaboratory variability of ANA titer results. Method. Three serum samples were sent to 10 laboratories using the QUANTA-Lyser® in combination with the NOVA View®. Each laboratory performed the ANA IIF analysis 10x in 1 run and 1x in 10 different runs and determined the endpoint titer by dilution. One of the three samples had been sent in 2012, before the era of ANA IIF automation, by the Belgian National External Quality Assessment (EQA Scheme. Harmonization was evaluated in terms of variability in fluorescence intensity (LIU and ANA IIF titer. Results. The evaluation of the intra- and interrun LIU variability revealed a larger variability for 2 laboratories, due to preanalytical and analytical problems. Reanalysis of the EQA sample resulted in a lower titer variability. Diluted endpoint titers were similar to the estimated single well titer and the overall median titer as reported by the EQA in 2012. Conclusion. The introduction of automated microscopic analysis allows more harmonized ANA IIF reporting, provided that this totally automated process is controlled by a thorough quality assurance program, covering the total ANA IIF process.

  20. Guillem Peire de Cazals, “Be·m plagr’ueymais qu’ab vos dona·m valgues” (BdT 227.6

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alessio Collura

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper proposes a new edition with commentary of the poem “Be·m plagr’ueymais qu’ab vos, dona, ·m valgues” by Guillem Peire de Cazals and represents a first critical and hermeneutical reassessment of the poetry of the troubadour from Cahors, that has long been neglected. The text presents the classical structure of a love-story (springtime exordium, singing brought on by love, the theme of improvement, courting with no hope of a reward, a request for mercé and invites the fin aman to be patient. The song is examined from the viewpoint of its metrical and stylistic relations to other troubadour poems (Bernart de Ventadorn, “Can par la flors josta·l vert folh” [BdT 70.41] and “La dousa votz ai auzida” [BdT 70.23] and Lanfranc Cigala, “Ioios d’amor farai de ioi senblan” [BdT 282.12], and represents an early example of the mannerisms and experimental tendencies that characterize Guillem Peire’s poems. The article also attempts to date the composition to the twenties or thirties of the 13th century.

  1. Spatial influence and oceanic thermal response to Santa Ana events along the Baja California peninsula

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Castro, R. [Facultad de Ciencias Marinas, Universidad Autonoma de Baja California, Ensenada, Baja California (Mexico)]. E-mail: rubenc@uabc.mx; Mascarenhas, A.; Martinez-Diaz-de-leon, A. [Instituto de Investigaciones Oceanologicas, Universidad Autonoma de Baja California, Ensenada, Baja California (Mexico); Durazo, R. [Facultad de Ciencias Marinas, Universidad Autonoma de Baja California, Ensenada, Baja California, (Mexico); Gil Silva, E. [Instituto de Investigaciones Oceanologicas, Universidad Autonoma de Baja California, Ensenada, Baja California, (Mexico)

    2006-07-15

    Meteorological data were recorded at eight stations located along the coast of the Pacific Ocean and three along the coast of the Gulf of California, aimed to assess the spatial influence of Santa Ana weather conditions in the Baja California peninsula. February 2002 featured two Santa Ana events: one from the 9 to the 12 and another from the 21 to the 22. The first Santa Ana event had the strongest winds, however relative humidity and temperature behaved similarly on both events at some stations. Data from the Pacific Ocean showed typical Santa Ana condition patterns: wind speed and temperature increase opposed to decreased relative humidity values. Data from the Gulf of California did not show the typical temperature rise of a Santa Ana condition, but there was a decrease on the amplitude of the diurnal variability of air temperature and relative humidity as well as a marked increase on wind strength. Wind direction during the Santa Ana events on the Pacific side was NE and NW on the Gulf of California. NE winds are associated to the shift on the position of the North Pacific High Pressure Center, which moves towards the continent. Data suggest that relative humidity may be the best parameter to monitor both occurrence and length of Santa Ana conditions on the Pacific side. Normal weather conditions show a negative air-sea temperature difference, but during both Santa Ana events this difference was positive and higher than 10 degrees Celsius. Latent and sensible heat fluxes drastically increased during both events, reaching values more than three times higher than those for normal conditions, which is due to the presence of strong winds combined with a drier and hotter air mass over the ocean. [Spanish] Con el proposito de estudiar la influencia espacial de condiciones Santa Ana a lo largo de la peninsula de Baja California, se registraron datos meteorologicos en ocho estaciones localizadas en el lado del Pacifico y tres estaciones en el Golfo de California. En

  2. Programmēšanas spēle "PyDrone"

    OpenAIRE

    Siliņš, Viesturs

    2010-01-01

    Darbā “Programmēšanas spēle “PyDrone”” ir dokumentēta atvērtā koda programmas PyDrone izstrāde. PyDrone ir programmēšanas spēle, kas paredzēta izklaidei un izglītošanai, spēles veidā iepazīstinot cilvēkus ar programmēšanu. Programma izstrādāta, izmantojot Python programmēšanas valodu. Programma izstrādāta, izmantojot spējo metodiku programmizstrādes principus. Atslēgvārdi: Python, spējās metodikas, programmēšanas spēle.

  3. Teritorijas izmantošanas konflikti Ventspils un Rīgas ostās

    OpenAIRE

    Sniķere, Sandija

    2009-01-01

    Maģistra darba nosaukums „Teritorijas izmantošanas konflikti Ventspils un Rīgas ostās”. Darbs izstrādāts latviešu valodā, 51 lappušu apjomā. Maģistra darbā izvērtēti Ventspils un Rīgas ostas teritorijas izmantošanas konflikti. Osta ir specifisks teritorijas izmantošanas veids. Latvijā ostu teritorijām izmantošana tiek noteikta pašvaldību teritorijas plānojumos. Darbības ostas teritorijā var īstenot tikai ar ostas valdes akceptu. Plānojot teritoriju var rasties potenciālie konflikti, ja pē...

  4. Missugused on teie kogemused väikeklassidega? / Villu Mengel, Ana Kontor, Katrin Betlem, Riina Kink

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2013-01-01

    Küsimusele vastasid Sikupilli keskkooli direktor Villu Mengel, Tartu hariduse tugiteenuste keskuse eripedagoog Ana Kontor, Tabasalu ühisgümnaasiumi õppejuht-sotsiaalpedagoog Katrin Betlem, Keila kooli põhikooli õppejuht Riina Kink

  5. Contract Audit Followup: Defense Contract Management Agency Santa Ana Office's Actions on Incurred Cost Audits

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    2005-01-01

    This report addresses the DCMA Santa Ana District Office. DoD Directive 7640.2, "Policy for Follow-up on Contract Audit Reports," February 12, 1988, as amended August 16, 1995, implements OMB Circular A-50...

  6. Arsenic species in atmospheric particulate matter as tracer of the air quality of Doñana Natural Park (SW Spain).

    Science.gov (United States)

    González-Castanedo, Y; Sanchez-Rodas, D; Sánchez de la Campa, A M; Pandolfi, M; Alastuey, A; Cachorro, V E; Querol, X; de la Rosa, J D

    2015-01-01

    Sampling and chemical analyses, including major compounds and trace elements, of atmospheric particulate matter (PM10 and PM2.5) have been performed during 2006-2007 in a regional background monitoring station located within the Doñana Natural Park (SW of Spain). This region is strategic for air quality and climate change studies, representing a meeting place of the European and African continents, and the Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea. The present study based on meteorological parameters demonstrated long-range transport and impact of industrial plumes on the Doñana Natural. Inorganic arsenic species (arsenate and arsenite) have been analyzed in particulate matter (PM) to characterize the impact of near Cu-smelter plumes and demonstrated the long-range transport of industrial pollutants. As(V) is the main specie of As and varies between 95% and 98% of total As in PM10 and 96-97% in PM2.5. The As(V)/As(III) ratio measured in emission plumes of a Cu-smelter are similar to the ratio found in the Doñana Natural Park. The application of Positive Matrix Factorization (PMF) to atmospheric particulate matter estimated the contributions and chemical profiles of natural and anthropogenic sources impacting the Natural Park, demonstrating the industrial origin of the As and other toxic elements in the air. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  7. Neoliberalism, Pro-ana/mia Websites, and Pathologizing Women: Using Performance Ethnography to Challenge Psychocentrism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicole D Schott

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Key terms such as “pro-ana,” “pro-anorexia,” and “pro-ED” are searched for on the Internet over 13 million times annually. These searches lead to web pages and social media sites where pro-anorexia and “pro-bulimia” (pro-ana/mia contributors share weight-loss and exercise tips, “thinspiration” slogans, images and videos, and speak openly about their problems with eating and body image. In this article, we outline our initial research on online responses to pro-ana/mia, and describe how we used the data and analyses from this research to create a piece of research-informed theatre, or performance ethnography. The initial research identified a range of responses to pro-ana/mia that were aligned with either dominant or critical discourses on the causes of, and solutions for, pro-ana/mia. Our findings and analyses challenge media portrayals and medical approaches to pro-ana/mia phenomena, and support an alternative, critical analysis of how psychocentrism and neoliberalism foster social injustices for women and girls. Our work nurtures collective efforts to displace dominant ideologies and practices that have serious implications for the socio-cultural, economic, physical and mental health of women and their communities.

  8. Quase nada, amor? - Quando Ana C. traduz Emily D.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Telma Franco Diniz

    2015-12-01

    Cristina Cesar para o poema “The Dying need but little, Dear”, de Emily Dickinson, ao mesmo tempo em que traço um paralelo com as soluções adotadas pelos tradutores José Lira e Isa Mara Lando em suas versões para a mesma obra. Para tanto, pondero sobre o esquema métrico e rímico do poema, sua prosódica e imagética, além de fazer menção a modulações como omissões e acréscimos nos poemas traduzidos. Uso como base os ensaios “Cinco e meio”, em que a própria Ana Cristina Cesar comenta sua experiência na tradução do poema em questão, e “Traduzindo o poema curto”, em que ela tenta estruturar suas ideias sobre tradução de poesia, ambos publicados no livro Crítica e Tradução.

  9. Updating movement estimates for American black ducks (Anas rubripes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Orin J. Robinson

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Understanding migratory connectivity for species of concern is of great importance if we are to implement management aimed at conserving them. New methods are improving our understanding of migration; however, banding (ringing data is by far the most widely available and accessible movement data for researchers. Here, we use band recovery data for American black ducks (Anas rubripes from 1951–2011 and analyze their movement among seven management regions using a hierarchical Bayesian framework. We showed that black ducks generally exhibit flyway fidelity, and that many black ducks, regardless of breeding region, stopover or overwinter on the Atlantic coast of the United States. We also show that a non-trivial portion of the continental black duck population either does not move at all or moves to the north during the fall migration (they typically move to the south. The results of this analysis will be used in a projection modeling context to evaluate how habitat or harvest management actions in one region would propagate throughout the continental population of black ducks. This analysis may provide a guide for future research and help inform management efforts for black ducks as well as other migratory species.

  10. Migration strategy affects avian influenza dynamics in mallards (Anas platyrhynchos).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Takekawa, John Y.; Hill, Nichola J.; Ackerman, Joshua T.; Herring, Garth; Hobson, Keith; Cardona, Carol J.; Runstadler, Jonathan; Boyce, Walter M.

    2012-01-01

    Studies of pathogen transmission typically overlook that wildlife hosts can include both migrant and resident populations when attempting to model circulation. Through the application of stable isotopes in flight feathers, we estimated the migration strategy of mallards (Anas platyrhynchos) occurring on California wintering grounds. Our study demonstrates that mallards- a principal host of avian influenza virus (AIV) in nature, contribute differently to virus gene flow depending on migration strategy. No difference in AIV prevalence was detected between resident (9.6%), intermediate-distance (9.6%) and long-distance migrants (7.4%). Viral diversity among the three groups was also comparable, possibly owing to viral pool mixing when birds converge at wetlands during winter. However, migrants and residents contributed differently to the virus gene pool at wintering wetlands. Migrants introduced virus from northern breeding grounds (Alaska and the NW Pacific Rim) into the wintering population, facilitating gene flow at continental scales, but circulation of imported virus appeared to be limited. In contrast, resident mallards acted as AIV reservoirs facilitating year-round circulation of limited subtypes (i.e. H5N2) at lower latitudes. This study supports a model of virus exchange in temperate regions driven by the convergence of wild birds with separate geographic origins and exposure histories.

  11. PERCEPÇÕES E ATITUDES DE MORADORES RURAIS EM RELAÇÃO AOS MACACOS-PREGO NA ÁREA DE INFLUÊNCIA DA USINA HIDRELÉTRICA DONA FRANCISCA, SUL DO BRASIL

    OpenAIRE

    ROCHA, LARA CRISTIANI; FORTES, VANESSA BARBISAN

    2015-01-01

    As frequentes alterações dos habitats naturais promovidas pelo ser humano aumentam a proximidade com a fauna silvestre e favorecem o surgimento de conflitos. Nos últimos anos, moradores de comunidades rurais na área de influência da Usina Hidrelétrica Dona Francisca (UHEDF), na região central do Rio Grande do Sul, têm reclamado de um suposto aumento na população de macacos-prego, que estariam causando danos aos cultivos agrícolas. Visando fornecer subsídios para a mitigação dos conflitos, est...

  12. OCORRÊNCIA DA MOSCA-NEGRA-DOS-CITROS Aleurocanthus woglumi ASHY NA PRODUÇÃO DE MUDAS NO MUNICÍPIO DE DONA EUZÉBIA - MG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Scarlet Santos Monteiro

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available O município de Dona Euzébia - MG se destaca na produção de mudas ornamentais, florestais, exóticas e frutíferas, sendo as espécies cítricas mais afetadas por Aleurocanthus woglumi Ashby popularmente conhecida como mosca-negra-dos-citros. Nesse sentido, objetivou-se realizar um levantamento bibliográfico e estatístico sobre o grau de incidência de A. woglumi, bem como analisar a capacidade de reconhecimento e as práticas de manejo adotadas por trabalhadores rurais e proprietários de estabelecimentos agrícolas do município. Para tal, foram aplicados questionários semiestruturados de forma aleatória. Constatou-se a incidência de A. woglumi na produção de mudas do município, sendo que 49% dos entrevistados julgam que, atualmente, A. woglumi seja um problema em vários estabelecimentos de Dona Euzébia - MG. Além disso, todos os entrevistados afirmaram ser capazes de reconhecer o aparecimento de A. woglumi em suas plantas e 60% adotam agroquímicos como mecanismo de controle da praga agrícola. Os resultados apontam a necessidade de se estabelecer um efetivo programa de manejo de A. woglumi, sob condições mais sustentáveis.

  13. Automātiska testēšana un efektivitāte

    OpenAIRE

    Šibko-Šipkovskis, Jevgenijs

    2013-01-01

    Mūsdienās informācijas sistēmu izstrāde notiek ļoti ātri, un ņemot vērā nepārtraukto nepieciešamību pēc attīstības, tās tiek atjauninātas ļoti bieţi. Šāda tendence rada prasības pēc testēšanas procesa uzlabošanas un efektīvākas resursu izmantošanas. Darbs „Automātiska testēšana un efektivitāte” apskata iespējamās testēšanas metodes un novērtē iespēju šīs metodes automatizēt. Autors apskata arī daţas populārās izstrādes metodes un dod novērtējumu, kā tās ietekmē iespēju automatizēt testēšan...

  14. Darbstaciju attālināta administrēšana

    OpenAIRE

    Pleiko, Uģis

    2011-01-01

    Kvalifikācijas darbā apskatītas attālinātās darbstaciju administrēšanas iespējas, attālinātas administrēšanas programmatūras uzstādīšana, konfigurēšana, salīdzinājums un lietojamība. Darba mērķis – datortīkla administratora dažādas sarežģītības ikdienas uzdevumu paveikšana attālināti, izmantojot dažādus risinājumus; veikt šos pašus uzdevumus arī attālināti savienojoties starp dažādām operētājsistēmām, piemēram, no Microsoft Windows attālinātās darbvirsmas režīmā pieslēgties Ubuntu Linux un...

  15. Urbanization and the dynamics of RNA viruses in Mallards (Anas platyrhynchos).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wille, Michelle; Lindqvist, Kristine; Muradrasoli, Shaman; Olsen, Björn; Järhult, Josef D

    2017-07-01

    Urbanization is intensifying worldwide, and affects the epidemiology of infectious diseases. However, the effect of urbanization on natural host-pathogen systems remains poorly understood. Urban ducks occupy an interesting niche in that they directly interact with both humans and wild migratory birds, and either directly or indirectly with food production birds. Here we have collected samples from Mallards (Anas platyrhynchos) residing in a pond in central Uppsala, Sweden, from January 2013 to January 2014. This artificial pond is kept ice-free during the winter months, and is a popular location where the ducks are fed, resulting in a resident population of ducks year-round. Nine hundred and seventy seven (977) fecal samples were screened for RNA viruses including: influenza A virus (IAV), avian paramyxovirus 1, avian coronavirus (CoV), and avian astrovirus (AstroV). This intra-annual dataset illustrates that these RNA viruses exhibit similar annual patterns to IAV, suggesting similar ecological factors are at play. Furthermore, in comparison to wild ducks, autumnal prevalence of IAV and CoV are lower in this urban population. We also demonstrate that AstroV might be a larger burden to urban ducks than IAV, and should be better assessed to demonstrate the degree to which wild birds contribute to the epidemiology of these viruses. The presence of economically relevant viruses in urban Mallards highlights the importance of elucidating the ecology of wildlife pathogens in urban environments, which will become increasingly important for managing disease risks to wildlife, food production animals, and humans. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  16. Veinte años de investigaciones alrededor de Doñana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arambarri, Pablo

    1998-10-01

    Full Text Available Not available.La rotura de la balsa de decantado de lodos de la empresa Boliden-Apirsa en Aznalcóllar ha demostrado que el Parque Nacional de Doñana está indefenso ante accidentes de gran calibre, que deben prevenirse. Doñana no puede permanecer aislada ni ajena al territorio que la rodea, pero sí debe estar protegida por suficientes medios descontaminantes, sistemas de alarma en tiempo real, planes de emergencia operativos y estudios y proyectos I+D como sean necesarios para evitar percances como el ocurrido, que ponen en terrible peligro su propia existencia.

  17. Geologic map of the Santa Ana Pueblo quadrangle, Sandoval County, New Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Personius, Stephen F.

    2002-01-01

    The Santa Ana Pueblo quadrangle is located in the northern part of the Albuquerque basin, which is the largest basin or graben within the Rio Grande rift. The quadrangle is underlain by poorly consolidated sedimentary rocks of the Santa Fe Group and is dominated by Santa Ana Mesa, a volcanic tableland underlain by basalt flows of the San Felipe volcanic field. The San Felipe volcanic field is the largest area of basaltic lavas exposed in the Albuquerque basin. The structural fabric of the quadrangle is dominated by dozens of generally north striking, east- and west-dipping normal faults associated with the Neogene Rio Grande rift.

  18. Pro-Ana websites and its impact on the quality of life of anorexic patients

    OpenAIRE

    Bastos, Fernanda Araújo Rios

    2016-01-01

    Tese de mestrado, Doenças Metabólicas e Comportamento Alimentar, Universidade de Lisboa, Faculdade de Medicina, 2016 Pro-ana websites have been growing in number and popularity. These websites promote anorexia nervosa as a lifestyle rather than a disease. Consequently, it tends to negatively affect the quality of life of visitors. Aiming to better understand the associations between pro-ana website usage and the quality of life of anorexic patients, the goal of this study was to identify a...

  19. Influence of beech and spruce sub-montane forests on snow cover in Poľana Biosphere Reserve

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Šatala, T.; Tesař, Miroslav; Hanzelová, M.; Bartík, M.; Šípek, Václav; Škvarenina, J.; Minďáš, J.; Waldhauserová, P.D.

    2017-01-01

    Roč. 72, č. 8 (2017), s. 854-861 ISSN 0006-3088 R&D Projects: GA ČR GA16-05665S Institutional support: RVO:67985874 Keywords : snow water equivalent * snow depth * snow accumulation * snow melting Subject RIV: DA - Hydrology ; Limnology Impact factor: 0.759, year: 2016

  20. Influence of beech and spruce sub-montane forests on snow cover in Poľana Biosphere Reserve

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Šatala, T.; Tesař, Miroslav; Hanzelová, M.; Bartík, M.; Šípek, Václav; Škvarenina, J.; Minďáš, J.; Waldhauserová, P.D.

    2017-01-01

    Roč. 72, č. 8 (2017), s. 854-861 ISSN 0006-3088 R&D Projects: GA ČR GA16-05665S Institutional support: RVO:67985874 Keywords : snow water equivalent * snow depth * snow accumulation * snow melting Subject RIV: DA - Hydrology ; Limnology OBOR OECD: Hydrology Impact factor: 0.759, year: 2016

  1. A coordinated set of ecosystem research platforms open to international research in ecotoxicology, AnaEE-France.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mougin, Christian; Azam, Didier; Caquet, Thierry; Cheviron, Nathalie; Dequiedt, Samuel; Le Galliard, Jean-François; Guillaume, Olivier; Houot, Sabine; Lacroix, Gérard; Lafolie, François; Maron, Pierre-Alain; Michniewicz, Radika; Pichot, Christian; Ranjard, Lionel; Roy, Jacques; Zeller, Bernd; Clobert, Jean; Chanzy, André

    2015-10-01

    The infrastructure for Analysis and Experimentation on Ecosystems (AnaEE-France) is an integrated network of the major French experimental, analytical, and modeling platforms dedicated to the biological study of continental ecosystems (aquatic and terrestrial). This infrastructure aims at understanding and predicting ecosystem dynamics under global change. AnaEE-France comprises complementary nodes offering access to the best experimental facilities and associated biological resources and data: Ecotrons, seminatural experimental platforms to manipulate terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, in natura sites equipped for large-scale and long-term experiments. AnaEE-France also provides shared instruments and analytical platforms dedicated to environmental (micro) biology. Finally, AnaEE-France provides users with data bases and modeling tools designed to represent ecosystem dynamics and to go further in coupling ecological, agronomical, and evolutionary approaches. In particular, AnaEE-France offers adequate services to tackle the new challenges of research in ecotoxicology, positioning its various types of platforms in an ecologically advanced ecotoxicology approach. AnaEE-France is a leading international infrastructure, and it is pioneering the construction of AnaEE (Europe) infrastructure in the field of ecosystem research. AnaEE-France infrastructure is already open to the international community of scientists in the field of continental ecotoxicology.

  2. SIA "Statoil Fuel & Retail Latvia" komunikācijas sociālajos medijos; klientu uzrunāšana un uzklausīšana

    OpenAIRE

    Černova, Egita

    2013-01-01

    Bakalaura darbā "SIA "Statoil Fuel & Retail Latvia" komunikācijas sociālajos medijos; klientu uzrunāšana un uzklausīšana" tika pētīta uzņēmuma komunikācija sociālajos tīklos - komunicēšanas veids, identificējot sociālo tīklu lietotāju viedokli par to. Darba mērķis izpētīt „Statoil” komunikāciju sociālajos medijos un secinājumus piedāvāt kā ierosinājumus uzņēmuma komunikācijas pilnveidošanai. Darba teorētisko daļu veido nodaļas par Gruniga sabiedrisko attiecību komunikācijas modeļiem, so...

  3. The Chicana Subject in Ana Castillo's Fiction and the Discursive Zone of Chicana/o Theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carson, Benjamin D.

    2007-01-01

    In the world of Chicana fiction, Ana Castillo has achieved the kind of status Maxine Hong Kingston has attained within Asian American discourse. Castillo's work is popular not only with the general reading public but in many academic circles as well. What sets Castillo apart from so many other Chicana fiction writers is that she is also a…

  4. Peroksīdu noteikšana ar eksprestestu metodi

    OpenAIRE

    Bruņeniece, Aiva

    2017-01-01

    Peroksīdu noteikšana ar eksprestestu metodi. Bruņeniece A., darba vadītājs Dr. ķīm. docents Ģībietis J. Bakalaura darbs, 44 lappuses, 10 tabulas, 26 attēli, 23 literatūras avoti. Latviešu valodā. Darbā apskatītas dažādas ūdeņraža peroksīda un peroksietiķskābes kvantitatīvās noteikšanas metodes. Veikta ITS firmas ekprestesta „Water-Works” teststrēmeļu kalibrēšana. Eksperimentāli izpētīta jonu spēka, pH un organiskā šķīdinātāja ietekme uz teststrēmeļu darbību. Iegūti kalibrēšanas grafiki un iz...

  5. Forecast skill of synoptic conditions associated with Santa Ana winds in Southern California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Charles Jones; Francis Fujioka; Leila M.V. Carvalho

    2010-01-01

    Santa Ana winds (SAW) are synoptically driven mesoscale winds observed in Southern California usually during late fall and winter. Because of the complex topography of the region, SAW episodes can sometimes be extremely intense and pose significant environmental hazards, especially during wildfire incidents. A simple set of criteria was used to identify synoptic-scale...

  6. New diastereomeric bis-sesquiterpenes from Hainan marine sponges Axinyssa variabilis and Lipastrotethya ana

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mao, S.-C.; Manzo, E.; Guo, Y.-W.; Gavagnin, M.; Mollo, E.; Ciavatta, M.L.; van Soest, R.; Cimino, G.

    2007-01-01

    Three unprecedented diastereoisomeric dimers, cis-dimer A, cis-dimer B and trans-dimer C, exhibiting a bis-bisabolene skeleton, and a new sesquiterpene, dehydrotheonelline, their potential precursor, have been isolated from the South China Sea sponges Axinyssa variabilis and Lipastrotethya ana,

  7. A Study of Non-Native English Speakers' Academic Performance at Santa Ana College.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Slark, Julie; Bateman, Harold

    A study was conducted in 1980-81 at Santa Ana College (SAC) to collect data on the English communication skills of non-native English speakers and to determine if a relationship existed between these skills and student's educational success. A sample of 22 classes, with an enrollment of at least 50% non-native English speakers and representing a…

  8. OBJETOS SIMBÓLICOS EN LA NARRATIVA DE ANA MARÍA MATUTE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiaojie Cai (Capital Normal University, Beijin

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Neste aritigo, está esboçado o simbolismo pessoal que faz Ana Maria Matute em objetos cotidianos e materiais. Através de análise da caracterização que transmitem imagens como a ilha, o boneco, o teatro de bonecos, o fogo, a torre e a pedra azul, está realizada uma sistematização de simbolismo na narrativa de Matute e revela uma faceta fundamental e novel da poética da escritora.PALAVRAS-CHAVE: Ana María Matute, Simbolismo, Metáforas, Alegorias, Objetos Materiais. Resumen  En este artículo se reseña el simbolismo personal que elabora Ana María Matute sobre objetos cotidianos y materiales. Por medio del análisis de la caracterización que transmiten imágenes como la isla, el muñeco, el teatro de marionetas, el fuego, la torre y la piedra azul, se realiza una sistematización del simbolismo en la narrativa de Matute y se revela una faceta fundamental y novedosa de la poética de la escritora. PALABRAS CLAVE: Ana María Matute, Simbolismo, Metáforas, Alegorías, Objetos Materiales. 

  9. The status of the Nordic populations of the Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos) in a changing world

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dalby, Lars; Söderquist, Pär; Christensen, Thomas Kjær

    2013-01-01

    Dabbling ducks (Anas spp.) are important migratory quarry species, protected as a shared resource under international legislation. However, there is a lack of sufficient high-qual- ity data on vital demographic rates and long-term trends in numbers to judge the conser- vation status of many duck ...

  10. 75 FR 77961 - Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Revised Critical Habitat for Santa Ana Sucker

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-14

    ...). Riparian vegetation and emergent aquatic vegetation provide additional sources of detritus and aquatic... discharges contain contaminants not found in natural runoff, there is no evidence that the concentrations of... investigation for Santa Ana suckers (Service 2008, p. 2). Cover or Shelter Instream emergent and overhanging...

  11. Review of "Crítica e Tradução" by Ana Cristina Cesar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beatriz Regina Guimarães Barboza

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available The text presents a review on the book of essays "Crítica e Tradução" by Ana Cristina Cesar. Counting her publications in magazines and her academic productions, besides her works in translation, the volume brings has a interesting perspective on culture, cinema, literature and translation according to the researches of the author.

  12. Aquatic Natural Areas Analysis and Evaluation: Oak Ridge Reservation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Baranski, Dr. Michael J. [Catawba College

    2011-04-01

    This report presents an assessment of the natural area value of eight Aquatic Natural Areas (ANAs) and seven Aquatic Reference Areas (ARAs) on the Oak Ridge Reservation (ORR) in Anderson and Roane Counties in east Tennessee. It follows a previous study in 2009 that analyzed and evaluated terrestrial natural areas on the Reservation. The purpose of both studies was to evaluate and rank those specially designated areas on the Reservation that contain sensitive species, special habitats, and natural area value. Natural areas receive special protections through established statutes, regulations, and policies. The ORR contains 33,542 acres (13,574 ha) administered by the Department of Energy. The surface waters of the Reservation range from 1st-order to 5th-order streams, but the majority of the streams recognized as ANAs and ARAs are 1st- and 2nd-order streams. East Fork Poplar Creek is a 4th-order stream and the largest watershed that drains Reservation lands. All the waters of the Reservation eventually reach the Clinch River on the southern and western boundaries of the ORR. All available information was collected, synthesized, and evaluated. Field observations were made to support and supplement the available information. Geographic information system mapping techniques were used to develop several quantitative attributes about the study areas. Narrative descriptions of each ANA and ARA and tables of numerical data were prepared. Criteria for assessment and evaluation were developed, and eight categories of factors were devised to produce a ranking system. The evaluation factors used in the ranking system were: (A) size of area, (B) percentage of watershed protected, (C) taxa present with protected status, (D) overall biotic diversity, (E) stream features, (F) water quality and use support ratings, (G) disturbance regime, and (H) other factors. Each factor was evaluated on a 5-point ranking scale (0-4), and each area received a composite score, where 32 was the

  13. Comportamiento del asma bronquial en adolescentes tratados en el Policlínico Universitario "Ana Betancourt" Course of bronchial asthma in adolescents seen in "Ana Betancourt" University Polyclinic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tatiana de la Vega Pazitková

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: el asma infantil representa una entidad que aún no ha logrado ser bien definida y delimitada, lo que establece variadas interpretaciones de su epidemiología, diagnóstico y, consecuentemente de su tratamiento. Objetivos: estimar la prevalencia global de asma en adolescentes tratados en consultorios médicos de familia del Policlínico Universitario "Ana Betancourt". Métodos: se realizó un estudio descriptivo, de corte transversal, que incluyó a 81 adolescentes de ambos sexos con edades entre 11 y 18 años, pertenecientes a dos consultorios médicos de familia del Grupo Básico de Trabajo No. 2, del Policlínico Universitario "Ana Betancourt", del municipio Playa, en el período comprendido entre enero de 2006 y enero de 2007. Como herramienta de trabajo se utilizó el cuestionario: The International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood, instrumento validado internacionalmente. Resultados: la cifra total de asmáticos ascendió a 52 adolescentes con un discreto predominio del sexo masculino y de los casos ligeros de la enfermedad, para una prevalencia global de 64,1 %. Se encontró un subregistro de 20,9 %. Conclusiones: en ambos consultorios se constata una elevada prevalencia de asma bronquial en la población de adolescentes con mayor afectación en los varones. Los pacientes exhiben mayoritariamente las formas ligeras de la enfermedad. Se encuentra un importante subregistro para el asma bronquial en los adolescentes tratados en el Policlínico Universitario "Ana Betancourt"Introduction: the bronchial asthma is a even defined entity establishing some interpretations of its epidemiology, diagnosis and consequently of its treatment. Objectives: to estimate the global prevalence of asthma in adolescents seen in family medical consulting rooms from "Ana Betancourt" University Polyclinic. Methods: a descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted including 81 adolescents of both sexes aged between 11 and 18 from family

  14. Pro-ana versus Pro-recovery: A Content Analytic Comparison of Social Media Users' Communication about Eating Disorders on Twitter and Tumblr.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Branley, Dawn B; Covey, Judith

    2017-01-01

    Objectives: To compare how people communicate about eating disorders on two popular social media platforms - Twitter and Tumblr. Materials and Methods: Thematic analysis was conducted to characterize the types of communications posted, and a content analysis was undertaken of between-platform differences. Results: Three types of content (pro-ana, anti-ana, and pro-recovery) were posted on each platform. Overall, across both platforms, extreme pro-ana posts were in the minority compared to anti-ana and pro-recovery. Pro-ana posts (including 'thinspiration') were more common on Twitter than Tumblr, whereas anti-ana and pro-recovery posts were more common on Tumblr. Conclusion: The findings have implications for future research and health care relating to the treatment and prevention of eating disorders. Developers of future interventions targeting negative pro-ana content should remain aware of the need to avoid any detrimental impact on positive online support.

  15. Santa Ana River Design Memorandum Number 1. Phase 2. GDM on the Santa Ana River Mainstem Including Santiago Creek. Volume 1. Seven Oaks Dam. Appendix A

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-08-01

    until filled with sediment. Seven Oaks Dam flood control storage will be used to help control flooding on the lower Santa Ana River below Prade Dam by...34o4 6-tervah; .1 35.7- 36.1, 70.2- 77.2 S.-7Yw 6.-S.V ho 24 12 q.W.9ly 0" lth .11 qgo-lik. AlltwW0. loaly ith6 74 252 76 p*fro~Ic willy .. fd oc 0

  16. Portugali saadik : Venemaaga räägime kõigest / Ana Paula Zacarias ; interv. Raimo Poom

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Zacarias, Ana Paula

    2007-01-01

    Euroopa Liidu uue eesistujamaa Portugali suursaadik Eestis Ana Paula Zacarias Euroopa Liidu välispoliitika kujundamise põhimõtetest, suhetest Venemaaga, tööst EL-i põhiseaduslepingut asendava reformilepinguga

  17. "Programmatūra kā Pakalpojums" ieviešanas stratēģija

    OpenAIRE

    Meiers, Egils

    2010-01-01

    Iesniegtajā bakalaura darbā „„Programmatūra kā pakalpojums” ieviešanas stratēģija” izskatīti programmatūras kā pakalpojuma sniegšanas veidi, veikta šo pakalpojumu veidu salīdzināšana un izstrādāta stratēģija un rekomendācijas pakalpojuma ieviešanai SIA „Lattelecom Technology”. Bakalaura darbs ir sadalīts 2 daļās – analītiskā daļa un projekta daļa. Analītiskajā darba daļā tiek raksturota „Programmatūra kā pakalpojums” pakalpojuma būtība, lietošanas gadījumi un veikta dažādo pakalpojumu ...

  18. Project W-314 241-AN-A valve pit upgrade acceptance for beneficial use

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    HAMMERS, J.S.

    1999-07-21

    This report identifies the responsibilities and requirements, applicable to the 241-AN-A Valve Pit Upgrades portion of Project W-314, for Acceptance for Beneficial Use in accordance with HNF-IP-0842, Vol IV, Sec 3.12. At project turnover, the end user accepts the affected Structures, Systems, and Components (SSCs) for beneficial use. This checklist is used to help the end user ensure that all documentation, training, and testing requirements are met prior to turnover. This checklist specifically identifies those items related to the upgrading of the 241-AN-A valve pit. The upgrades include: the installation of jumper/valve manifolds with position sensors, replacement pit leak detection systems, construction of replacement cover blocks, and electrical upgrades to support the instrumentation upgrades.

  19. Project W-314 241-AN-A valve pit upgrade acceptance for beneficial use

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    HAMMERS, J.S.

    1999-01-01

    This report identifies the responsibilities and requirements, applicable to the 241-AN-A Valve Pit Upgrades portion of Project W-314, for Acceptance for Beneficial Use in accordance with HNF-IP-0842, Vol IV, Sec 3.12. At project turnover, the end user accepts the affected Structures, Systems, and Components (SSCs) for beneficial use. This checklist is used to help the end user ensure that all documentation, training, and testing requirements are met prior to turnover. This checklist specifically identifies those items related to the upgrading of the 241-AN-A valve pit. The upgrades include: the installation of jumper/valve manifolds with position sensors, replacement pit leak detection systems, construction of replacement cover blocks, and electrical upgrades to support the instrumentation upgrades

  20. Efficiency strategies in building conservation in natural protected areas. The experience of Doñana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José María Rincón Calderón

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available It is remarkable the amount of buildings that have existed and still exist in Doñana. These constructions, which are very diverse, are examples of the local identity. Some have been lost, but others are in a process of degradation that raises the question of building conservation in a unique natural environment. In this paper, the available information on the current state of the Doñana built heritage is compiled, updated and completed. The geographical distribution structure of the buildings’ locations is also analyzed. This study verifies how these buildings have evolved throughout the park history to the condition we see now, how they have been useful to their inhabitants in this environment, how they have performed their roles of sheltering and protecting men, and how they could face the future using the same strategies they have developed to survive until our day.

  1. Intellectual Property as a Drive for Sustainable Medical Tourism – The Ana Aslan case

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bolos Mihaela Daciana

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available The present paper studies the way intellectual property rights may encourage sustainable medical tourism, meaning the advantages that a patent, traditional knowledge, a trademark, or other IP right may offer to a hospital in order to attract foreign patients. The analysis is done trough the Institute of Gerontology and Geriatrics “Ana Aslan” case study, seen not from a medical point of view but from the perspective of the intellectual property importance for the development of medical tourism. The Institute of Gerontology and Geriatrics “Ana Aslan” was founded in 1952 and become an international renowned center in the study and the diminishing of old age effects. Many celebrities (artist and state presidents came to receive treatment here, even though Romania had, at that time, a communist regime.

  2. The spectacle of conservation. Doñana National Park in Man and the Earth (1979

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mònica Alcalá-Lorente

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available By the end of the 1970s, four documentaries about Doñana National Park were broadcast within the National Spanish Television series Man and the Earth, directed by Félix Rodríguez de la Fuente. Through the account of the Park’s life cycle –each chapter matched each one of the year’s seasons–, these chapters were a celebration of the struggle to conserve the natural heritage, whose meaning was established in relation to a beautifully-produced representation of both nature and the natural sciences. This paper analyzes how, in a quite complex historical and political context, and through the spectacle of the success and fragility of Doñana National Park, Rodríguez de la Fuente represented sensitivity towards nature and the natural heritage, acquired through the study of the natural sciences, as a key element of modernization.

  3. Glikoalkaloīdu daudzuma noteikšana kartupeļos

    OpenAIRE

    Kulvinska, Laura

    2010-01-01

    Pētījumā salīdzinājām divas glikoalkaloīdu α – solanīna un α – hakonīna daudzuma noteikšanas metodes: augsti efektīvo šķidruma hromatogrāfiju (AEŠH) ar ultravioleto (UV) detektoru un šķidruma hromatogrāfiju (ŠH) – masspektrometriju (MS). Salīdzinot abas glikoalkaloīdu noteikšanas metodes tika secināts, ka abas metodes ir vienlīdzīgi kvalitatīvas un efektīvas, taču ŠH-MS ir tehniski vienkāršāka un standatvielu uzņemtie spektri var tikt izmantoti atkārtoti bez iepriekšējas atkārtotas metodes...

  4. Virtuālo komandu darba analīze un uzlabošana uzturēšanas projektos

    OpenAIRE

    Koncevičs, Rolands

    2006-01-01

    Arvien vairāk un vairāk uzņēmumiem saskaroties ar globāliem projektiem un ārpakalpojumu izmantošanu, tiek izmantotas virtuālās komandas, bet projektu vadīšana paliek lokālo projektu līmenī. Taču daudzi praktiķi uzskata, ka virtuāla produktu izstrāde ir ievērojami sarežģītāka, nekā vissarežģītākais projekts, kuru pārvalda organizācijas iekšienē. Šajā darbā autors pēta unikālas virtuālo projektu problēmas divos virtuālajos uzturēšanas projektos. Bakalaura darbs sastāv no piecām nodaļām. D...

  5. Ana o 2, a major cashew (Anacardium occidentale L.) nut allergen of the legumin family.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Fang; Robotham, Jason M; Teuber, Suzanne S; Sathe, Shridhar K; Roux, Kenneth H

    2003-09-01

    We recently cloned and described a vicilin and showed it to be a major cashew allergen. Additional IgE-reactive cashew peptides of the legumin group and 2S albumin families have also been reported. Here, we attempt to clone, express and characterize a second major cashew allergen. A cashew cDNA library was screened with human IgE and rabbit IgG anti-cashew extract antisera, and a reactive nonvicilin clone was sequenced and expressed as a fusion protein in Escherichia coli. Immunoblotting was used to screen for reactivity with patients' sera, and inhibition of immunoblotting was used to identify the corresponding native peptides in cashew nut extract. The identified allergen was subjected to linear epitope mapping using SPOTs solid-phase synthetic peptide technology. Sequence analysis showed the selected clone, designated Ana o 2, to encode for a member of the legumin family (an 11S globulin) of seed storage proteins. By IgE immunoblotting, 13 of 21 sera (62%) from cashew-allergic patients were reactive. Immunoblot inhibition data showed that the native Ana o 2 constitutes a major band at approximately 33 kD and a minor band at approximately 53 kD. Probing of overlapping synthetic peptides with pooled human cashew-allergic sera identified 22 reactive peptides, 7 of which gave strong signals. Several Ana o 2 epitopes were shown to overlap those of the peanut legumin group allergen, Ara h 3, in position but with little sequence similarity. Greater positional overlap and identity was observed between Ana o 2 and soybean glycinin epitopes. We conclude that this legumin-like protein is a major allergen in cashew nut. Copyright 2003 S. Karger AG, Basel

  6. ANA Negative Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Leading to CTEPH, TTP-Like Thrombocytopenia, and Skin Ulcers

    OpenAIRE

    Changal, Khalid Hamid; Sofi, Fayaz; Altaf, Sheikh Shoaib; Raina, Adnan; Raina, Ab. Hameed

    2016-01-01

    SLE affects almost every organ system, with differing degrees of severity. During its clinical course periods of flares may alternate with periods of remission culminating in disease and therapy related damage. We describe a case of ANA negative SLE with severe thrombocytopenia, cutaneous vasculitis, antiphospholipid antibody syndrome, and pulmonary artery hypertension. As there is no definitive cure for SLE the treatment lies in caring for the individual organ systems involved and simultaneo...

  7. ANA Negative Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Leading to CTEPH, TTP-Like Thrombocytopenia, and Skin Ulcers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khalid Hamid Changal

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available SLE affects almost every organ system, with differing degrees of severity. During its clinical course periods of flares may alternate with periods of remission culminating in disease and therapy related damage. We describe a case of ANA negative SLE with severe thrombocytopenia, cutaneous vasculitis, antiphospholipid antibody syndrome, and pulmonary artery hypertension. As there is no definitive cure for SLE the treatment lies in caring for the individual organ systems involved and simultaneously taking care of the patient as a whole.

  8. Multielemental analysis by neutron activation of sediments in the Ana Maria Gulf, Cuba

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Diaz Rizo, O.; Gandarias, D.; Calzavilla, R.; Garcia, G.

    1990-01-01

    In this paper general samples of marine sediments taken from six control stations of the Ana Maria Gulf (Cuba) were analyzed. For this purpose the thermal neutron activation analysis method was used. 18 elements were determinated. They are: Al, Ce, Co, Cs, Cr, Eu, Fe, Hf, La, Lu, Mo, Mn, Rb, Sc, Ta, Th, Yb and Zn. The accuracy varied between 5 and 30% for all elements. 10 refs

  9. About Identities and Struggles: Interview with Ana María Spadafora

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    Jesica Bossi

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Anthropologist Ana María Spadafora describes the current situation of indigenous communities in Argentina. She explains the meaning of “being Indian” and how processes of ethnic re-emergence have taken place in Argentina and elsewhere in the continent. The articulation between Positive Law and indigenous world view, and the effects of globalization on ethnic minorities are some of the issues covered.

  10. The Multiple other in Ana Castillo’s So Far from God

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    Lozovschi Simona

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The present paper aims at familiarizing readers with Ana Castillo’s reshaping of traditional female archetypes in her novel So Far from God. Not only does she remodel and enrich them, she also incorporates them into modern, contemporary life. In addition, all the female characters in the novel are drawn together towards Sofia, the all-encompassing self, the multiple Other.

  11. Review of "Crítica e Tradução" by Ana Cristina Cesar

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    Beatriz Regina Guimarães Barboza

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/2175-7968.2017v37n2p270 The text presents a review on the book of essays "Crítica e Tradução" by Ana Cristina Cesar. Counting her publications in magazines and her academic productions, besides her works in translation, the volume brings has a interesting perspective on culture, cinema, literature and translation according to the researches of the author.

  12. Project W-314 specific test and evaluation plan for 241-AN-A valve pit

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hays, W.H.

    1997-01-01

    The purpose of this Specific Test and Evaluation Plan (STEP) is to provide a detailed written plan for the systematic testing of modifications made to the 241-AN-A Valve Pit by the W-314 Project. The STEP develops the outline for test procedures that verify the system's performance to the established Project design criteria. The STEP is a ''lower tier'' document based on the W-314 Test and Evaluation Plan (TEP) This STEP encompasses all testing activities required to demonstrate compliance to the project design criteria as it relates to the modifications of the AN-A valve pit. The Project Design Specifications (PDS) identify the specific testing activities required for the Project. Testing includes Validations and Verifications (e.g., Commercial Grade Item Dedication activities), Factory Acceptance Tests (FATs), installation tests and inspections, Construction Acceptance Tests (CATs), Acceptance Test Procedures (ATPs), Pre-Operational Test Procedures (POTPs), and Operational Test Procedures (OTPs). It should be noted that POTPs are not required for testing of the modifications to the 241-AN-A Valve Pit. The STEP will be utilized in conjunction with the TEP for verification and validation

  13. Reproduktīvās klonēšanas ētiskie aspekti.

    OpenAIRE

    Urbāne, Dārta

    2011-01-01

    Reproduktīvā klonēšana ir viena no jaunākajām zinātnes inovācijām. Klonēšanas būtība ir radīt kādas būtnes ģenētiski identisku indivīdu. Klonēšana ir specifiska reproduktīvā metode, tādēļ tā ir izraisījusi ievērojamu skaitu ētikas jautājumu un radījusi morālās problēmas. Kā sava darba mērķi esmu izvirzījusi noskaidrot, šīs tehnoloģijas specifiku, apzināt tās izraisīto problēmu loku, kā arī izpētīt, kā klonēšanu vērtē citas ar sabiedrību saistītās nozares, piemēram, medicīna un reliģija. V...

  14. Doñana y su entorno: Conservación y explotación

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Manuel Rubio Recio

    1993-02-01

    Full Text Available Tanto río de tinta sobre Doñana y tantas palabras, noticias, pareceres, opinio­nes y declaraciones de gentes de las más diversa condición, no están haciendo sino sembrar confusión . Y no digamos nada de la presencia de gobernantes y políticos, -alguna sospechosamente asidua- que se arroban y extasian en el secarral o humedal doñanero, sobre todo si está la televisión o la prensa delante. Doñana para esas personas es sólo fuente de imagen , porque Doñana , como muy acertadamente expresó Aquilino Duque al titular su libro sobre el Parque Nacio­nal que se asienta sobre dicho lugar, es un mito y como tal se explota. En el fondo, no se si será una manifestación de "si aquí se invitaba a los Reyes de España y a otras gentes de la nobleza, en otras épocas, -denostadas, eso sí-, ¿por qué no voy a venir yo?-".

  15. Los rostros de Ana: Tres comentarios sobre Darío Morales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul Marcelo Velázquez Sabogal

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available El presente escrito es una aproximación a la obra del artista colombiano Darío Morales desde la perspectiva dialéctica “vida-muerte”, alentada por el acontecimiento de lo ambiguo y sus implicaciones en la deconstrucción de una corporeidad estable regida por parámetros sociales, jurídicos y biológicos que desembocan en la caracterización de un “otro” en el cual se encuentran figuras como el anormal, el incorregible, el monstruo. Desde ellos pretendo trazar un punto de vista sobre aquellos Rostros de Ana donde se manifiestan figuras como el onanista y la vampira, para desembocar en un comentario que amplíe el espectro de sentido alrededor la obra del artista cartagenero. Palabras claves Cuerpo ambiguo, vida-muerte, sagrado-profano, onanismo. Ñawekuna kai warmi Ana Sutipa: Kimsa pariai ksi runa Dario Morales Sugllapi Kai kilkai kame ñalla regcha kai tacha runa colombiano Dario Morales Kilkakasina rimangapa “ kausai- wamui” aida chingapa kaikuna Mana allilla llugsichu tukuikunamanda icharichu llanga “sug manda” Kaipe turrerreme ¡ kauancheme man aillakaska, man allilla rurasla! Kirú. Kaipi pudenchi kauanga imasami kauacheca kai warme Ana paipa ñawekuna Kai ruraikuna sutikame onanista Chasallata vampira, Kaiwa munakume Allilla intendechengapa imasame parlaku sug iacha Cartagenero. Ima suti Rimai Simi: Cuerpo ambiguo, kaugsai, muerte, sagrado - profano, onanismo. The Faces of Ana: Three Comments on Dario Morales Abstract This paper is an approach to the work of Colombian artist Dario Morales from the perspective of the dialectic of “life and death”, encouraged by the occurrence of the ambiguous and its implications for the deconstruction of a stable corporeality governed by social, legal and biological parameters that lead to the characterization of an “other”, in which figures such as the abnormal, the incorrigible, the monster are to be found. From them, I intend to plot a point of view on those faces of Ana

  16. Hydrodynamic characteristics of the western Doñana Region (area of El Abalario), Huelva, Spain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trick, Thomas; Custodio, Emilio

    The Doñana region, in southwestern Spain, comprises a large and important nature reserve, the wetlands of which are affected by human activity. Planting of an extensive eucalyptus forest in the 1950s and, more recently, the use of aquifers for irrigation and water supply for some coastal tourist resorts, have altered the natural groundwater-flow system. The area of the study is the western sector of the region, called El Abalario, which is a gentle topographic elevation between the Atlantic coast and La Rocina Creek (Arroyo de la Rocina). Underneath a variable layer of eolian sands with high dunes near the coast, thick Plio-Quaternary detritic strata, mostly fine silica sands, overlie marls. Near the base there is a variable, deltaic-origin layer of coarse sands and gravels. The dome-shaped water table, inside the sands, is close to the surface everywhere except beneath the dune belt, and small, temporary, shallow lagoons are numerous. The coarse sand and gravel layer conditions groundwater flow and behaves as a semiconfined layer between sands. A cross section through the area was simulated with a model to check the validity of the conceptual groundwater-flow pattern and its sensitivity to the hydraulic parameters. The model was calibrated using parameter values obtained by pumping tests and multilevel piezometric data, and checked against the estimated groundwater discharge into La Rocina Creek. Groundwater flows peripherally to the sea coast, to La Rocina Creek, or directly east and southeastward into the Doñana marshlands, in the Guadalquivir River delta. The average net aquifer recharge rate was calculated to be between 100 and 200 mm year-1 for the area covered by brush, but is remarkably lower in the areas of eucalyptus trees. The transient-state model shows that recharge varies spatially and is not clearly proportional to annual precipitation. Phreatic evapotranspiration plays an important role in decreasing the net value of aquifer recharge to

  17. Ana o 3-specific IgE is a good predictor for clinically relevant cashew allergy in children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lange, L; Lasota, L; Finger, A; Vlajnic, D; Büsing, S; Meister, J; Broekaert, I; Pfannenstiel, C; Friedrichs, F; Price, M; Trendelenburg, V; Niggemann, B; Beyer, K

    2017-04-01

    Component-resolved diagnostics using specific IgE to 2 S albumins has shown to be a valuable new option in diagnostic procedure. Ana o 3 is a 2 S albumin from cashew. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of Ana o 3-specific serum IgE in the diagnosis of cashew allergy and to identify cut-off levels to replace oral food challenges. Moreover, the value of additional determination of total IgE has been investigated. In a multicentre study, we analysed specific IgE to cashew extract and Ana o 3 as well as total IgE in children with suspected cashew allergy using the ImmunoCAP-FEIA and a standardized diagnostic procedure including oral challenges where indicated. A total of 61 patients were included in the study. Forty-two were allergic to cashew, and 19 were tolerant. In receiver operating curves, Ana o 3 discriminates between allergic and tolerant children better than cashew-specific IgE with an area under the curve of 0.94 vs 0.78. The ratio of Ana o 3-specific IgE to total IgE did not further improve the diagnostic procedure. Probability curves for Ana o 3-specific IgE have been calculated, and a 95% probability could be estimated at 2.0 kU/l. Specific IgE to Ana o 3 is a valuable tool for the diagnosis of cashew allergy. Considering its positive predictive value, it might allow to make a considerable number of oral challenges superfluous. © 2016 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  18. Ēdināšanas pakalpojumu uzņēmuma darbības efektivitātes paaugstināšanas iespējas

    OpenAIRE

    Buivide, Jūlija

    2013-01-01

    Maģistra darba tēma ir „Ēdināšanas pakalpojumu uzņēmuma darbības efektivitātes paaugstināšanas iespējas”. Latvijā lielāka uzņēmumu daļa, kas ir saistīta ar izmitināšanas un ēdināšanas pakalpojumu sniegšanu, saskārās ar lielu problēmu apjomu. Pirmkārt, samazinājās apmeklētāju skaits, un tas varētu būt saistīts kā ar maksātspējas pazemināšanos, tā arī ar viesnīcas vai restorānu pievilcības pasliktināšanos vai apkalpošanas kvalitātes pasliktināšanos. Samazinājās arī tūristu skaits. Tas, otrkā...

  19. Avocado fruit quality with applications of ANA, boron, nitrogen, saccharose and girdling

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joaquín Guillermo Ramírez Gil

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of foliar application of products for fruit set, production and quality of Hass avocado. This research was performed in a terrain that is located in a moderately cold weather, in Antioquia, Colombia. Factors for inducing flowering, types of inflorescence and production alternation were determined. In addition to the aforementioned, simple and combined foliar application of acid 1–naphthaleneacetic (ANA, boron, nitrogen, saccharose as source energy, and girding branches, was performed. For the experiment we used a complete block experimental design, with five replicates per treatment and a single tree as experimental unit, with three evaluations over time (2010, 2011 and 2012. The variables evaluated were initial and final fruit set, quantity, and quality of produced fruit. Results associated with this study indicate that floral induction in this variety occurs in periods of low rainfall and low temperatures, the inflorescences were mostly of an indeterminate type, and a slight alternation of production occurred. Initial fruit and final set increased with girdling branches and with the application of boron and girdling branches in 28% and 33% respectively, but this treatments did not improve the production, instead the production was favored by adding saccharose alone, and in combination with boron, nitrogen and ANA, it presented increments of 14,5, 15.9, 14.9 and 14.4% respectively. Results indicate that the addition of an individual external energy source combined with the foliar application of boron, nitrogen and ANA, improves the quality and quantity of fruit in the Hass avocado.

  20. ANA-Negative Presentation of SLE in Man with Severe Autoimmune Neutropenia

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    Melissa Zhao

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE is a chronic, inflammatory, connective tissue disease that commonly affects the joints and a variety of organs due to an overactivation of the body’s immune system. There is wide heterogeneity in presentation of SLE patients, including lung, central nervous system, skin, kidney, and hematologic manifestations. Case Presentation. We report a case of atypical manifestation of SLE in a 53-year-old man who presented with neutropenic fever. Physical findings of interest included oral ulcers on the lower lip, a malar-like rash across the bridge of the nose, and a discoid-like rash on extensor surfaces of the elbows and knees. Labs include ANC <100, weakly positive anti-dsDNA, negative ANA, ferritin 1237 ng/mL, low C3/C4, and positive direct Coombs’ test. A thorough workup for infection and hematologic malignancy was negative. Two days after initiation of therapy with 25 mg IV solumedrol twice a day, the patient’s daily fevers resolved. ANC drastically improved to 2000 after two weeks of steroid treatment. He was later found to have a high titer of anti-neutrophil antibodies. Discussion. Autoimmune leukopenia is a common presentation in SLE, occurring in 50–60% of patients. Severe autoimmune neutropenia is uncommon and may correlate with high anti-neutrophil antibody activity despite a negative ANA. As neutropenia is usually mild, there are currently no guidelines for therapy. For our patient, we started him on low dose IV solumedrol and found that he responded drastically to treatment. Given strongly positive nonspecific anti-neutrophil antibodies in the setting of a negative ANA noted in our patient, it is likely that there are other currently unknown antibodies associated with SLE which may correlate strongly with autoimmune neutropenia.

  1. Correlation of serum ANA and direct immunofluorescence studies in elderly Thai patients with red and white oral lesions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thongprasom, Kobkan; Prapinjumrune, Chanwit; Kanjanabuch, Patnarin; Youngnak-Piboonratanakit, Pornpan; Preuksrisakul, Titipong

    2016-11-01

    This study investigated the presence of serum antinuclear antibodies (ANA) profile and direct immunofluorescence (DIF) evaluation in elderly Thai patients with red and white oral lesions. Thirty-two patients with red and white oral lesions were divided into two groups: group I consisted of 10 cases not taking medications, while group II consisted of 12 cases taking medications, and 30 healthy subjects as a control group. Blood samples were used to determine the ANA profile. DIF was investigated in the lesion containing groups. Serum ANA was found in six cases (60%) in group I, eight cases (66.7%) in group II, and 19 cases (63.3%) in the control group. There were no significant differences between group I and group II and the control group (P > 0.05). Serum ANA was most commonly found in patients taking hypolipidemics (80%), followed by antihypertensives (71.4%), NSAIDs (50%), hypoglycemics (50%), and others (66.7%). The anticytoplasmic staining frequency in group II was higher compared with group I and the control group. Anti-dsDNA antibodies were not found in any group. Elderly patients with red and white oral lesions who were taking medications had a higher serum ANA frequency than group I and the control group. © 2016 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  2. Muzeja IT infrastruktūras modernizēšana

    OpenAIRE

    Liparts, Arnis

    2014-01-01

    Kvalifikācijas darba nosaukums ir „Muzeja IT infrastruktūras modernizācija”. Darbā tiek aprakstīts kā tika modernizēts jau esošs un salīdzinoši sarežģīts datoru tīkls. Darbā lielā mērā tika izmantoti Mikrotik maršrutētāji IT infrastruktūras modernizācijai. Atslēgas vārdi : Karstvieta, automatizēšana, Mikrotik, IT

  3. Hermenéutica de los derechos humanos en la obra de Ana Luisa Guerrero

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Orlando Inocencio Aguirre Martínez

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available La obra de Ana Luisa Guerrero se caracteriza por su abordaje filosófico-político sobre los derechos humanos y su aplicación. Su hermenéutica intercultural, dirigida, principalmente, a los derechos humanos de tercera generación, identifica el componente de la intersubjetividad que encamina hacia la construcción de un diálogo intercultural. Este componente permite, además, discutir sobre los fundamentos de los derechos humanos colocando las percepciones individuales y colectivas del paradigma.

  4. Gale Digital Collections: Ray Abruzzi Interviewed by Luisa Calè and Ana Parejo Vadillo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ray Abruzzi

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This interview addresses the commercial dimensions of the nineteenth-century digital archive. Luisa Calè and Ana Parejo Vadillo ask Ray Abruzzi, Vice President and Publisher for 'Gale Digital Collections' at Gale, about the company’s origins, its commercial approach to digital collections, and the challenges of digitization. In the context of the open access movement, the architecture of participation, and crowdsourcing, Abruzzi discusses how the company works with academic partners and interfaces with other digital libraries and platforms.

  5. RURAL CHURCHES, „PEARLS” OF RURAL ARCHITECTURE IN CRIȘANA AND MARAMUREȘ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandru ILIEȘ

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available In Romania in general and in particular Crişana and Maramureș wooden churches are identifies of local identity. Using specific tools and methods used in geographical but complementary fields, in conjunction with an interdisciplinary architectural heritage element are analyzed wooden churches as tourist planning perspective. Each „land" and ethnographic area of the Tisa and Mureș north to south has a specific fingerprint identifiable architectural style of these „pearls" of Romanian folk architecture. This diversity is an element of favorable effects on tourism diversification and increasing the attractiveness of a region or locality.

  6. Cognitive reserve in aging.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tucker, A M; Stern, Y

    2011-06-01

    Cognitive reserve explains why those with higher IQ, education, occupational attainment, or participation in leisure activities evidence less severe clinical or cognitive changes in the presence of age-related or Alzheimer's disease pathology. Specifically, the cognitive reserve hypothesis is that individual differences in how tasks are processed provide reserve against brain pathology. Cognitive reserve may allow for more flexible strategy usage, an ability thought to be captured by executive functions tasks. Additionally, cognitive reserve allows individuals greater neural efficiency, greater neural capacity, and the ability for compensation via the recruitment of additional brain regions. Taking cognitive reserve into account may allow for earlier detection and better characterization of age-related cognitive changes and Alzheimer's disease. Importantly, cognitive reserve is not fixed but continues to evolve across the lifespan. Thus, even late-stage interventions hold promise to boost cognitive reserve and thus reduce the prevalence of Alzheimer's disease and other age-related problems.

  7. LDAP un Samba risinājuma ieviešana uzņēmumā

    OpenAIRE

    Logina, Baiba

    2012-01-01

    Kvalifikācijas darba "LDAP un Samba risinājuma ieviešana uzņēmumā" galvenais mērķis ir izveidot risinājumu vairāku uzņēmumu grupas datortīkla vienotās autentificēšanās un koplietošanas resursu sistēmas modernizēšanai. Darbā tiek aprakstīta dotā risinājuma ieviešanas gaita, kas ietver Samba servera konfigurēšanu, LDAP autentifikācijas sistēmas uzstādīšanu, automatizētu tīkla resursu pievienošanu darba videi un vienotu pielaides tiesību sistēmu dokumentiem. Rezultātā tika sastādīta instrukcija ...

  8. Os blogs pró-Ana e a experiência da anorexia no sexo masculino

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thamires Citadini de Almeida

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo analisa os blogs pró-anorexia, ou blogs pró-ana, produzidos por indivíduos do sexo masculino, para entender o comportamento anoréxico masculino e o espaço que os blogs ocupam na vida desses sujeitos. Nosso objetivo foi explorar elementos relacionados com a cultura de magreza disponível nos blogs, tendo em vista analisar a questão da anorexia em homens, bem como compreender como os mesmos vivenciam essa experiência. Trata-se de pesquisa qualitativa, realizada em blogs brasileiros e estrangeiros cujos autores das páginas eram homens. Os resultados sugerem que essa população faz da internet uma rede de apoio, com características de ajuda mútua e de produção de autonomia. Por meio dos blogs, os homens discutem alternativas para ludibriar a família e socializam estratégias entre os pares para atingir o objetivo da manutenção do baixo peso. Percebemos que os profissionais da saúde devem prestar atenção para esta "rede informal" de apoio mútuo, uma vez que os blogs pró-ana têm contribuído para a promoção do comportamento anoréxico no sexo masculino.

  9. ANA Testing: What should we know about the methods, indication and interpretation?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Au Elaine Yuen Ling

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available Though ANA is a common test requested in several settings, one may not be aware of the potential traps for interpretation. Nowadays, there is a trend for autoantibodies diagnostics to move from traditional time honored manual methods to high throughput automated platforms. Nevertheless, the clinical significance and assay performance characteristics may be different from those “historical” methods. Though indirect immunofluorescence is the gold standard method for ANA tests, different laboratories vary in the slides (from different cell lines and commercial source, e.g., Hep 2, Hep 2000, etc., screening dilutions, terminology, reporting format and expertise. Hence, discrepancy in results among different laboratories is not uncommon and could be confusing. Knowing the assay characteristic and limitations helps proper results interpretation and facilitate patient’s management. Indeed, the titer and pattern by indirect immunofluorescence do provide valuable information in screening patients. In particular, DFS pattern with the associated anti-DFS70 antibodies has been shown to have a role to risk stratify cases referred for suspected autoimmune rheumatic disease.

  10. Jaunas darba stacijas uzstādīšana un konfigurācija.

    OpenAIRE

    Linge, Edgars

    2010-01-01

    Kvalifikācijas darbā „Jaunas darbstacijas uzstādīšana un konfigurācija” tiek izpētītas galvenās datorsistēmu un datortīklu administrēšanas problēmas, ar kurām bija iespēja sastapties studiju prakses laikā. Darbā minētās un pētītās problēmas vairāk saistītas ar maziem vai nelieliem uzņēmumiem. Darba teorētiskajā daļā tiek izklāstītas galvenās problēmas, ar kurām bija iespēja sastapties studiju prakses laikā. Tiek apskatīta teorētiskā informācija par Microsoft Windows XP Professional, v...

  11. Estrella de la mañana de Jacobo Fijman: poesía y apocalipsis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Naomi Lindstrom

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Este estudio se propone una lectura de la poesía ostensiblemente católica del poeta judeoargentino Jacobo Fijman (1898-1970 en su Estrella de la mañana (1931 como un ejemplo modernizado, ecléctico e idiosincrásico del género apocalíptico. A pesar de la fuerte intertextualidad con el Libro de Revelación, la característica que más diferencia los poemas de Estrella del discurso apocalíptico tradicional, y en efecto de la expresión visionaria o mística en general, es la autocaracterización del sujeto hablante como una entidad dotada de atributos divinos. This study proposes a reading of the ostensibly Catholic poetry of the Jewish Argentine poet Jacobo Fijman (1898-1970 in his Estrella de la mañana (1931 as a modernized, eclectic, and idiosyncratic example of the apocalyptic genre. Despite the strong intertextuality with the book of Revelation, the feature that mostly sets the poems of Estrella apart from traditional apocalyptic discourse, and indeed from visionary or mystical expression in general, is the self-characterization of the speaking subject as an entity endowed with divine attributes.

  12. GAMBARAN PROFIL DARAH ITIK PEKING (ANAS PLATYRHYNCHOS SETELAH DIBERIKAN EKSTRAK AKUADES DAUN KEDONDONG PAGAR (LANNEA COROMANDELICA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Safrida Safrida

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACTThis study was designed to determine the effect aqueous extract of Lannea coromandelica leaf at concentrations of erythrocytes and leukocytes in peking duck (Anas platyrhynchos. Experimental design used was Completely Randomized Design (CRD consisted of 3 experimental treatments, each consisted of 8 ducks i.e., P0 (control, P1 (given aqueous extract of Lannea coromandelica leaf as much as 780 mg / mL / day / kg body weight, P2 (given aqueous extract of Lannea coromandelica leaf as much as 1560 mg / mL / day / kg body weight. Data were analyzed using analysis of variance (ANOVA. The results showed that the aqueous extract of Lannea coromandelica significant effect (p <0.01 in concentrations of erythrocytes peking duck, but had no effect (P>  0.01 in concentrations of the leukocytes. Average erythrocytes in all treatments, 2081667-2300000 per mm 3. The average number of leukocytes in all treatments, 23175-23500 per mm3. It was concluded that the aqueous extract of Lannea coromandelica leaf have effect on the increase concentrations of erythrocytes peking duck (Anas platyrhynchos.

  13. Lung fibrosis quantified by HRCT in scleroderma patients with different disease forms and ANA specificities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Mancin

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Objective: to define the prevalence of interstitial lung fibrosis in systemic sclerosis (SSc and its relationship with the different clinical forms of disease and ANA specificities. Methods: fifty patients with SSc were submitted to pulmonary high resolution computed tomography (HRCT. Lung abnormalities were evaluated according to Warrick’s score that considers both the severity and the extent of fibrotic lesions. Results: pulmonary HRCT abnormalities were observed in 84% of SSc patients. Ground glass aspects (60%, irregular pleural margins (56% and septal/subpleural lines (68% were the most common lesions. The distribution of these abnormalities favoured the posterior basilar segments of both lungs. HRCT findings were significantly more frequent in males and in patients with the cutaneous diffuse form of SSc and with the specific antibody anti-Scl70. Conclusions: HRCT is a very useful method for the diagnosis of interstitial lung fibrosis in SSc. Warrick’s score permits to quantify the HRCT findings and to evaluate their relationship with the disease clinical forms and ANA specificities.

  14. "LinkedIn" loma Latvijas studentu sociālo mediju lietošanas paradumos

    OpenAIRE

    Mickēvičs, Rihards

    2013-01-01

    Bakalaura darbā „"LinkedIn" loma Latvijas studentu sociālo mediju lietošanas paradumos” aplūkots mērķa grupas kopējās interneta un sociālo mediju patēriņa tendences, komunikācijas rīku lietojums, vietnes „LinkedIn” loma Latvijas studentu sociālo mediju lietošanas aspektā un sava personīgā sociālā zīmola apzināšanās. Darbs balstīts uz četrām galvenajām daļām – teorētisko, metodoloģisko, empīrisko un rezultātu. Pamatojoties uz pieejamo teorētisko bāzi saistībā ar attiecīgo tēmu, tika veikta fok...

  15. Comportamiento de la sexualidad en ancianos del Policlínico "Ana Betancourt" Behavior of sexuality among the elderly in "Ana Betancourt" Polyclinic"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Víctor T Pérez Martínez

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Se realizó un estudio descriptivo y longitudinal en 125 sujetos en edad geriátrica, de ambos sexos, que asistieron a las consultas de psicogeriatría y/o disfunción sexual del Policlínico Docente "Ana Betancourt" durante el pasado año, con el propósito de definir el patrón sexual característico de las personas en edad geriátrica. Predominaron, en ambos sexos, los ancianos con vínculo conyugal. El 75 % de los ancianos mantienen el interés por el sexo y manifestaron deseo sexual, mientras que el 69,6 % realiza el acto sexual. El coito vaginal, seguido del sexo oral, fueron las formas de actividad sexual preferidas por ambos sexos. La pérdida de la erección en el hombre, y la disminución de la lubricación vaginal en la mujer, fueron los principales trastornos del funcionamiento sexual. El 78,4 % de los ancianos exhibió un bajo índice general de conocimiento sobre los cambios que ocurren en la sexualidad con el transcurso de los años.125 subjects at geriatric age of both sexes that visited the outpatient departments of psychogeriatrics and/or sexual dysfunction of "Ana Betancourt" Teaching Policlinic the last year were included in a descriptive and longitudinal study aimed at defining the sexual pattern characteristic of the persons at geriatric age. The married elderly predominated in both sexes. 75 % of the aged were interested in sex and manifested sexual desire, whereas 69.6 % have sexual relations. Vaginal coitus followed by oral sex were the forms of sexual activity preferred by both sexes. The loss of erection in men and the reduction of vaginal lubrication in women were the main disorders of sexual functioning. 78.4 % of the elderly showed a low general index of knowledge about the changes occurring in sexuality along the years.

  16. Rapid determination of 90Sr in samples of urine using sorbent AnaLig Sr-01 (presentation)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bilohuscin, J.; Dulanska, S.; Gardonova, V.

    2013-01-01

    Sorbent of molecular recognition of AnaLig Sr-01 from IBC's Technologies was used for effectively and selectively re-concentration, separation and determination of strontium from urine samples. The method utilizes the separation using two columns, consisting of two commercial products, first from Eichrom called pre-filter material absorbing organic compounds founded in urine, such as creatine, which interfere with separation and reduce the capture efficiency of strontium on the second column, consisting of AnaLig Sr-01 sorbent.

  17. "Houses and Fields and Vineyards Shall Yet Again Be Bought in This Land": The Story of Ana, a Public Kindergarten Teacher in Portugal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vasconcelos, Teresa Maria Sena

    This study examined the teaching style and methods of Ana, a kindergarten teacher in Portugal, chosen because she is considered a master teacher by colleagues and parents and because she grew up in Portugal before democracy. The study attempted to answer the questions: (1) What are the commitments and competencies that distinguish Ana as a master…

  18. Zīmola "Laima" preču sortimenta analīze un tā pilnveidošanas iespējas segmentēšanas aspektā.

    OpenAIRE

    Krama, Elīna

    2015-01-01

    Pētījuma tēma ir „Zīmola „Laima” preču sortimenta analīze un tā pilnveidošanas iespējas segmentēšanas aspektā”. Darba mērķis - pamatojoties uz teorētiskajām atziņām, uzņēmuma „Laima” klientu aptaujas un intervijas rezultātiem, izpētīt zīmola „Laima” produktu sortimenta pilnveidošanas iespējas, novērtēt produktu sortimentu un tā īpašības, atklāt nepilnības tirgus segmentēšanas aspektā un sniegt priekšlikumus pilnveidošanai. 1.nodaļā sniegts ieskats teorētiskos jautājumos par produktu un...

  19. COGNITIVE RESERVE IN AGING

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tucker, Adrienne M.; Stern, Yaakov

    2011-01-01

    Cognitive reserve explains why those with higher IQ, education, occupational attainment, or participation in leisure activities evidence less severe clinical or cognitive changes in the presence of age-related or Alzheimer’s disease pathology. Specifically, the cognitive reserve hypothesis is that individual differences in how tasks are processed provide reserve against brain pathology. Cognitive reserve may allow for more flexible strategy usage, an ability thought to be captured by executive functions tasks. Additionally, cognitive reserve allows individuals greater neural efficiency, greater neural capacity, and the ability for compensation via the recruitment of additional brain regions. Taking cognitive reserve into account may allow for earlier detection and better characterization of age-related cognitive changes and Alzheimer’s disease. Importantly, cognitive reserve is not fixed but continues to evolve across the lifespan. Thus, even late-stage interventions hold promise to boost cognitive reserve and thus reduce the prevalence of Alzheimer’s disease and other age-related problems. PMID:21222591

  20. HYDROCARBONS RESERVES IN VENEZUELA

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gonzalez Cruz, D.J.

    2007-07-01

    Venezuela is an important player in the energy world, because of its hydrocarbons reserves. The process for calculating oil and associated gas reserves is described bearing in mind that 90% of the gas reserves of Venezuela are associated to oil. Likewise, an analysis is made of the oil reserves figures from 1975 to 2003. Reference is also made to inconsistencies found by international experts and the explanations offered in this respect by the Ministry of Energy and Petroleum (MENPET) and Petroleos de Venezuela (PDVSA) regarding the changes that took place in the 1980s. In turn, Hubbert's Law is explained to determine peak production of conventional oil that a reservoir or field will reach, as well as its relationship with remaining reserves. Emphasis is placed on the interest of the United Nations on this topic. The reserves of associated gas are presented along with their relationship with the different crude oils that are produced and with injected gas, as well as with respect to the possible changes that would take place in the latter if oil reserves are revised. Some recommendations are submitted so that the MENPET starts preparing the pertinent policies ruling reserves. (auth)

  1. Ovarian reserve parameters

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bentzen, J G; Forman, Julie Lyng; Pinborg, Anja

    2012-01-01

    2-5 of the menstrual cycle or during withdrawal bleeding, blood sampling and transvaginal sonography was performed. After adjusting for age, ovarian reserve parameters were lower among users than among non-users of hormonal contraception: serum AMH concentration by 29.8% (95% CI 19.9 to 38...... was observed between duration of hormonal-contraception use and ovarian reserve parameters. No dose-response relation was found between the dose of ethinyloestradiol and AMH or AFC. This study indicates that ovarian reserve markers are lower in women using sex steroids for contraception. Thus, AMH...... concentration and AFC may not retain their accuracy as predictors of ovarian reserve in women using hormonal contraception. Serum anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) concentration is an indirect marker of the number of small follicles in the ovary and thereby the ovarian reserve. The AMH concentration is now widely...

  2. SPRACHFEHLER ALS LITERARISCHES AUSDRUCKSMITTEL ANA BILIC DAS KLEINE STÜCK VOM GROSSEN HIMMEL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Goran Lovrić

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper elaborates a theme at the interface between linguistics and literature on the case example of a novel which belongs to the immigrant literature as part of the contemporary Austrian literature. The Croatian author Ana Bilic describes in her first novel written in German language Das kleine Stück vom großen Himmel (The small part of the big sky published in 2002 the love relationship between a Croatian unnamed female student and the Austrian student Ernst which takes place in Vienna. The unusual thing in this novel is the fact that in numerous sentences and passages the author uses a strange German language which is characterized by interference mistakes, or to be precise a Croatian-German language variation which more or less differs grammatically and lexically from standard German language. In the paper this consciously alienated language is being investigated concerning the influence of the Croatian mother tongue of the author, but also concerning common mistakes while learning German language. The paper also analyses the motivation of Ana Bilic for such in the context of immigrant literature unusual language use, which is also connected with the plot of the novel. Thus qualitative as well as quantitative methods of analysis are being used, whereby the former ones refer to the content and the latter ones to the frequency of interference mistakes in the book. The interference mistakes belong on one side to the fictional (text-internal world and on the other side to the factual (text-external level, because they reflect the plot of the book and establish on the level of content and language a connection between the first-person narrator and the author, who also had to learn German after her arrival to Vienna. As a result of this most interference mistakes appear in the first chapters of the novel, which reflects the first phase in German language learning of the female narrator. Further on in the novel the quantity of the mistakes

  3. Conscientizacion of the Oppressed Language and the Politics of Humor in Ana Castillo's "So Far from God"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thananopavarn, Susan

    2012-01-01

    This essay explores the relationship between Ana Castillo's novel "So Far from God" (1993) and her development of an activist poetics inspired by Paulo Freire's influential 1970 treatise "Pedagogy of the Oppressed." "So Far from God" may be understood as the practical application of Castillo's theory of "conscienticized poetics"; that is, the…

  4. Utilising a Blended Ethnographic Approach to Explore the Online and Offline Lives of Pro-Ana Community Members

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dyke, Sarah

    2013-01-01

    The article critically interrogates contemporary discourses and practices around "anorexia nervosa" through an ethnographic study that moves between two sites: an online pro-anorexia (pro-ana) community, and a Local Authority-funded eating disorder prevention project located in schools and youth centres in the north of England. The…

  5. 75 FR 74056 - Request for Public Comment on the Proposed Adoption of Administration for Native Americans (ANA...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-30

    ... DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Administration for Children and Families Request for Public Comment on the Proposed Adoption of Administration for Native Americans (ANA) Program Policies and...) 690-7441. Comments will be available for inspection by members of the public at the Administration for...

  6. Skyline Reservation System

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Agency for International Development — Flight reservation application used for in-country flights by USAID and DoS staff in Afghanistan. The application is managed and maintained by the vendor and USAID...

  7. Florística das espécies arbóreas de quatro fragmentos de Floresta Estacional Semidecídua Montana na Fazenda Dona Carolina (Itatiba/Bragança Paulista, São Paulo, Brasil. Floristic of tree species of four fragments of semi-deciduous Seasonal Montana Forest in Dona Carolina Farm (Itatiba/Bragança Paulista, São Paulo, Brazil.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberta Macedo CERGUEIRA Leonardo Dias MEIRELES

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Realizou-se um levantamento florísticoem quatro fragmentos de Floresta EstacionalSemidecídua Montana na Fazenda Dona Carolina,localizada nos municípios de Itatiba e Bragança Paulista,São Paulo, Brasil (22º 56’ 16” S e 46º 42’ 02” W.A Fazenda localiza-se dentro da unidademorfoescultural do Planalto Atlântico, com climaCfa e altitudes entre 775 e 974 m. As espéciesarbóreas de altura 2 metros foram coletadas eidentificadas. Foram amostradas 157 espécies,distribuídas em 109 gêneros e 41 famílias. As famíliasFabaceae (24 spp., Myrtaceae (15 spp., Lauraceae(9 spp. e Meliaceae (9 spp. foram as mais ricasem espécies. A similaridade florística da área emestudo com Florestas Estacionais SemidecíduasMontanas e Submontanas do Estado de São Paulofoi verificada através do índice de Jaccard e dométodo de agrupamento por média de grupos(UPGMA. Uma Twinspan foi realizada paraverificar quais espécies caracterizariam os gruposformados. A área estudada apresentou altasimilaridade florística com os fragmentos localizadosno município de Campinas, não se agrupando como fragmento florestal amostrado no mesmomunicípio. A restauração de áreas degradadas e aconservação de fragmentos localizados nessa regiãodevem, então, considerar a composição florísticados fragmentos adjacentes.A floristic survey was carried out in fourfragments of Semideciduous Seasonal MontaneForest in Dona Carolina Farm, located in themunicipalities of Itatiba and Bragança Paulista,São Paulo, Brazil (22º 56’ 16” S e 46º 42’ 02” W.The Farm is within the Atlantic Plateaumorphosculptural unit, with climate Cfa, between775 and 974 m elevation. Only tree species 2 meters high were collected and identified.A total of 157 species distributed in 109 generaand 41 families were sampled. Fabaceae (24species, Myrtaceae (15, Lauraceae (9 and Meliaceae(9 were the richest families. The floristicsimilarity between the studied area and other Semideciduous

  8. Notes on a Queer (Mexican Literature: The Case of Ana Clavel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vinodh Venkatesh

    2018-02-01

    Full Text Available The present essay examines the place of Ana Clavel in critical studies on contemporary Mexican fiction. Instead of situating her production vis-à-vis female contemporaries in what has been labeled the Boom Femenino, I argue that Clavel’s novels embody the ethos of a queer literature. A queer literature unpacks, decenters, and disobeys norms of gender, sex, and sexuality, and favors the posing of questions versus the providing of neatly packaged answers. Moving away from the subject, it mobilizes these same actions towards the communal and the national. Queer literature moves against the conventions of narrative; it breaks through the limits of the textual to render insufficient the power of the word. By reading the author’s meditation on sex, gender, and sexuality (especially as they relate to the urban space in Cuerpo náufrago, the essay furthers that Clavel’s fiction may best be understood within a genealogy of queer Mexican texts.

  9. SQL injekciju uzbrukumu analīze un novēršana

    OpenAIRE

    Kudiņa, Monta

    2015-01-01

    Šī darba mērķis ir iepazīties ar populārākajiem SQL injekciju uzbrukumu veidiem, apzināties kā uzbrukumi tiek realizēti, un noskaidrot preventīvos pasākumus uzbrukumu novēršanai. Bakalaura darbā “SQL injekciju uzbrukumu analīze un novēršana” tiek apskatīti SQL injekciju uzbrukumu veidi un metodes, uzbrukumu realizācijas dažādās datubāzes platformās, SQL injekciju uzbrukumu atklāšana un pasākumi uzbrukumu novēšanai. Darba gaitā tika gan teorētiski, gan praktiski iepazīti SQL uzbrukumi, un apsk...

  10. VOZ (OU VOZES DO ENSAÍSMO CRÍTICO DE ANA CRISTINA CESAR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andréa Catrópa da Silva

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available A produção poética de Ana Cristina Cesar tem recebido interesse cada vez mais destacado por parte de leitores e de pesquisadores no Brasil. Nosso artigo se propõe a analisar alguns aspectos de outra faceta de sua lavra – o ensaísmo crítico. Este, além de ser permeado por aspectos que também estão presentes em sua criação literária e por questões de época, também trazem uma proposta bastante peculiar de militância crítica e de apreensão de obras diversas, tanto no campo da prosa quanto da poesia.

  11. The susceptibility of the mallard duck (Anas platyrhynchos) to Clostridium botulinum C2 toxin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jensen, Wayne I.; Duncan, Ruth M.

    1980-01-01

    Most strains of Clostridium botulinum type C, after having lost their capacity to produce their dominant toxin (C1) as a result of being“cured”of their prophages, continue to produce C2, a trypsin-activable toxin reported by other investigators. While of relatively low toxicity when administered perorally to the adult mallard duck (Anas platyrhynchos), it was highly toxic when given parenterally. By the intravenous route, for example, it was more than 1, 000 times as toxic as C1 toxin by the same route, when compared on the basis of mouse intraperitoneal toxicity. The cause of death in every instance was massive pulmonary edema and hemorrhage rather than the respiratory paralysis that occurs in C1 intoxication.抄録

  12. A Cinema’s Female Worker in a Musical Key: Ana Satrova

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Virginia Sánchez Rodríguez

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Despite the remote origin of women in music, today the presence of names of women dedicated to musical composition remains limited in historiography. Also references to fi lm music composers are even more unusual, although cinema is probably the most important art in the 20th Century. According to these circumstances, in this paper we propose an approach to Ana Satrova, a composer of original soundtracks who worked in the Spanish film area between 1969 and 1985. In this occasion, we offer a stylistic and visual studio about his first work in the Spanish cinema of Franco’s regime: Homicidios en Chicago (1969, José María Zabalza

  13. Nature does not exist: conservationisms and international relations in Doñana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lino Camprubí

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available The paper starts by discarding the methodological approach to the history of Natural Parks that sees them as steps towards the “conservation of Nature” - with a capital N. Rather, it situates the history of Doñana within its political, personal and scientific contexts. These contexts bring us to an international scale marked by the decolonization of the British Empire and the transformation of ornithology and ecology as disciplines. Bird migratory routes contributed to the Park’s international dimension, in which context the agreement between the World Wildlife Fund (WWF and the Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC took place. Creation of the Park opened the door to new conflicts among diverging ways of understanding conservation and different scientific categorizations of Doñana’s territory. The resolution of these conflicts depended on strengths and alliances, which allows us to conclude by refining our methodological starting point.

  14. Pārskatu ģenerēšanas bibliotēka Python valodai

    OpenAIRE

    Paltovs, Deniss

    2012-01-01

    Kvalifikācijas darba pamatā ir pārskatu ģenerēšanas bibliotēka Python valodai - PythonReports, kura ļauj Python izstrādātajiem no datiem un šablona izveidot izdruku uz ekrāna vai printera. Gala produkts ir vizuālais redaktors, kurš ļauj ērti un uzskatāmi veidot un rediģēt PythonReports šablonus, izmantojot mūsdienu lietotāju saskarnes tehnoloģijas operētājsistēmās ar grafisku lietotāja saskarni. Kvalifikācijas darbs balstās uz iepriekšējo pieredzi, iegūto izmantojot līdzīgus rīkus citās sist...

  15. Seeking explanations for recent changes in abundance of wintering Eurasian Wigeon (Anas penelope) in northwest Europe

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fox, Anthony David; Dalby, Lars; Christensen, Thomas Kjær

    2016-01-01

    the range. However, because over 75% of the population of over 1 million individuals winters in Belgium, the Netherlands, UK and France, there was no evidence for a major movement in the centre of gravity of the wintering distribution. Between-winter changes in overall flyway abundance were highly......We analysed annual changes in abundance of Eurasian Wigeon (Anas penelope) derived from mid-winter International Waterbird Census data throughout its northwest European flyway since 1988 using log-linear Poisson regression modelling. Increases in abundance in the north and east of the wintering...... range (Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Germany, Switzerland), stable numbers in the central range (Belgium,Netherlands,UKand France) and declining abundance in the west and south of the wintering range (Spain and Ireland) suggest a shift in wintering distribution consistent with milder winters throughout...

  16. Santos, Ana Cristina, A Lei do Desejo. Direitos Humanos e Minorias Sexuais em Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Madalena Duarte

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available A Lei do Desejo, de autoria de Ana Cristina Santos, é um texto sobre os impactos da utilização do regime europeu de direitos humanos por parte do movimento lésbico, gay, bissexual e transgénero (LGBT português. Surge com base na tese apresentada pela autora no âmbito do Mestrado em Sociologia pela Faculdade de Economia da Universidade de Coimbra, em 2003. O título, além de ser uma sugestiva alusão à obra de Almodôvar, é já bem indiciador da proposta desta obra. Basta que, para tal, entendamo...

  17. El Conejo en Doñana, la historia de dos historias diferentes

    OpenAIRE

    Soriguer, Ramón C.; Angulo, Elena

    2005-01-01

    Sin duda es el mamífero más extendido a lo argo de la Peninsula Ibérica, Su elevada productividad está compensada por una alta mortalidad.Tan sólo en Espana se han citado cerca de 40 especies de vertebrados (Figura I), ademãs del hombre, que depredan sobre el conejo. Son la presa básica de dos depredadores especializados y emblemáticos de Doñana: el línce ibérico (Lynx pardinus) y el águila Imperial Ibérica (Aquila adalberti). Pocas especies son capaces de presentar de forma natural tan ele...

  18. Wander Lust: Genre, Sexuality and Identity in Ana Kokkinos’s Head On

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joe Hardwick

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available While the road movie has long held a privileged place in Australian cinema, less prevalent, though increasingly present, has been the street movie, which—like its road movie cousin—poses important questions about identity in tracing the trajectory of its wanderer protagonists. The most remarkable recent example of an Australian street movie is Ana Kokkinos’s 1997 feature Head On. The film recounts a day in the life of a late adolescent Greek-Australian male who wanders the streets participating in sexual encounters with mainly, though not exclusively, other men. Whereas reviews and articles have generally read the film as a coming out narrative, this article—with reference to Ross Chambers’ theories on digressive narratives in his book Loiterature—will argue that Head On rejects the simplistic teleology of the coming out story in favour of a much more complex understanding of adolescent male sexuality.

  19. Biomimicry of multifunctional nanostructures in the neck feathers of mallard (Anas platyrhynchos L.) drakes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khudiyev, Tural; Dogan, Tamer; Bayindir, Mehmet

    2014-04-01

    Biological systems serve as fundamental sources of inspiration for the development of artificially colored devices, and their investigation provides a great number of photonic design opportunities. While several successful biomimetic designs have been detailed in the literature, conventional fabrication techniques nonetheless remain inferior to their natural counterparts in complexity, ease of production and material economy. Here, we investigate the iridescent neck feathers of Anas platyrhynchos drakes, show that they feature an unusual arrangement of two-dimensional (2D) photonic crystals and further exhibit a superhydrophobic surface, and mimic this multifunctional structure using a nanostructure composite fabricated by a recently developed top-down iterative size reduction method, which avoids the above-mentioned fabrication challenges, provides macroscale control and enhances hydrophobicity through the surface structure. Our 2D solid core photonic crystal fibres strongly resemble drake neck plumage in structure and fully polymeric material composition, and can be produced in wide array of colors by minor alterations during the size reduction process.

  20. Izmeklēšanas tiesneša loma kriminālprocesā

    OpenAIRE

    Vaivare, Arita

    2013-01-01

    Darba mērķis ir analizēt izmeklēšanas tiesnesim deleģētos pienākumus atbilstoši Eiropas Cilvēktiesību tiesas judikatūrā nostiprinātajām atziņām cilvēktiesību aizsardzībā, atspoguļot likuma un prakses problēmaspektus cilvēktiesību nodrošināšanā. Darba uzdevumi ir izpētīt Latvijas Republikas normatīvos aktus un Latvijas Republikai saistošos starptautiskos dokumentus, iepazīties ar Satversmes tiesas un Eiropas Cilvēktiesību tiesas judikatūru. Izstrādājot darbu, autore konstatēja nepilnība...

  1. Lead shot ingestion in two raptor species from Doñana, Spain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mateo, R; Cadenas, R; Máñez, M; Guitart, R

    2001-01-01

    Diurnal raptors inhabiting wetland areas where waterfowl shooting is conducted have many opportunities to ingest lead (Pb) shot pellets when feeding on their prey. Exposure to Pb shot was studied in the Spanish imperial eagle (Aquila adalberti), an endangered species with a world population of about 150 breeding pairs, and in the red kite (Milvus milvus) from Doñana (southwest Spain). Lead exposure was evaluated by the presence of Pb shot in the pellets of both species. Results obtained by this noninvasive method demonstrated Pb shot in 11.0% of Spanish imperial eagle and 5.5% of red kite pellets. When the data of both species were pooled, there was a significant relationship between Pb shot ingestion and consumption of waterfowl during the hunting season. Pb shot found in pellets exhibited signs of erosion, and their weight distribution had peaks at 70, 170, and 240 mg, which could correspond to ammunition used for duck and goose hunting.

  2. Water Quality in the Santa Ana Basin, California, 1999-2001

    Science.gov (United States)

    Belitz, Kenneth; Hamlin, Scott N.; Burton, Carmen A.; Kent, Robert; Fay, Ronald G.; Johnson, Tyler D.

    2004-01-01

    This report contains the major findings of a 1999-2001 assessment of water quality in the Santa Ana River Basin. It is one of a series of reports by the National Water-Quality Assessment (NAWQA) Program that present major findings in 51 major river basins and aquifer systems across the Nation. In these reports, water quality is discussed in terms of local, State, and regional issues. Conditions in a particular basin or aquifer system are compared to conditions found elsewhere and to selected national benchmarks, such as those for drinking-water quality and the protection of aquatic organisms. This report is intended for individuals working with water-resource issues in Federal, State, or local agencies, universities, public interest groups, or in the private sector. The information will be useful in addressing a number of current issues, such as the effects of agricultural and urban land use on water quality, human health, drinking water, source-water protection, hypoxia and excessive growth of algae and plants, pesticide registration, and monitoring and sampling strategies. This report is also for individuals who wish to know more about the quality of streams and ground water in areas near where they live and how that water quality compares to other areas across the Nation. The water-quality conditions in the Santa Ana River Basin summarized in this report are discussed in detail in other reports that can be accessed from http://ca.water.usgs.gov/ sana_nawqa/. Detailed technical information, data and analyses, collection and analytical methodology, models, graphs, and maps that support the findings presented in this report in addition to other reports in this series from other basins can be accessed from the national NAWQA Web site (http://water.usgs.gov/nawqa).

  3. How to Integrate Experimental Research Approaches in Ecological and Environmental Studies: AnaEE France as an Example

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean Clobert

    2018-04-01

    Full Text Available Human activities have altered continental ecosystems worldwide and generated a major environmental crisis, prompting urgent societal questions on how to best produce goods while at the same time securing sustainable ecological services and raising needs to better understand and predict biodiversity and ecosystems dynamics under global changes. To tackle these questions, experimentation on ecosystems is necessary to improve our knowledge of processes and to propose scientifically sound management strategies. Experimental platforms able to manipulate key factors of global change and including state of the art observation methodologies are available worldwide but how to best integrate them has been rarely addressed. Here, we present and discuss the case of the national research infrastructure AnaEE France dedicated to the study of continental ecosystems and designed to congregate complementary experimental approaches in order to facilitate their access and use through a range of distributed and shared services. The conceptual design of AnaEE France includes five modules. Three modules gather experimental facilities along a gradient of experimental control ranging from highly controlled Ecotron facilities, semi-natural field mesocosms to in natura experimental sites covering major continental ecosystems (forests, croplands, grasslands, and lakes. In addition, AnaEE France also includes shared instruments that can be implemented in experiments and analytical platforms specifically dedicated to environmental biology. To promote reuse of data, generalize results and improve predictive models, AnaEE France further gathers modeling and information systems. The implementation of AnaEE France allowed for mutual synergies, improved the technical skills, stimulated new experiments and helped our scientific community to enter into the big data sharing era.

  4. Chamberino Floodplain Management Study

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — The Dona Ana County Flood Commission requested the United States Department of Agriculture's Natural Resources Conservation Service to conduct a study of the...

  5. 5 CFR Appendix D to Subpart B of... - Nonappropriated Fund Wage and Survey Areas

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Area New Mexico: Curry Area of Application. Survey area plus: Texas: Lubbock Potter Dona Ana Survey... Weber Area of Application. Survey area plus: Utah: Box Elder Tooele Uintah Virginia Alexandria-Arlington...

  6. PROPAGACIÓN VEGETATIVA DE FERNANSÁNCHEZ (Triplaris guayaquilensis MEDIANTE LA UTILIZACIÓN DE HORMONAS DE ENRAIZAMIENTO (ANA Y AIB

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicolás Cruz Rosero

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available La presente investigación se la realizó en el Laboratorio de Biotecnología de la Universidad Técnica Estatal de Quevedo, los objetivos planteados fueron establecer una metodología para la propagación vegetativa de Fernansánchez (Triplaris guayaquilensis con el uso de hormonas de enraizamiento (ANA y AIB, y determinar las mejores concentraciones de hormonas de ANA y AIB en el enraizamiento de ramillas de esta especie. Se aplicó un diseño completamente al azar con 5 tratamientos, 3 repeticiones y diez unidades experimentales por repeticiones. A los 45 días, los mejores tratamientos para el enraizamiento del Fernansánchez con (ANA y AIB se obtuvieron en las concentraciones 1000 mg kg-1 ANA + 1000 mg kg-1 AIB para la longitud promedio de la raíz mayor con 17.67 cm; 500 mg kg-1 ANA + 500 mg kg-1 AIB, para el número promedio de raíces y sobrevivencia con 5 raíces y 93.33% y la concentración de 1000 mg kg-1 ANA + 1000 mg kg-1 AIB fue ideal para vigor con 2.89, equivalente a 3 (vigor alto. Con esta investigación queda demostrado que las auxinas ANA y AIB inducen y mejoran la calidad de raíces sobre las estacas de Fernansánchez.

  7. Windows un Linux serveru attālinātās administrēšanas iespējas.

    OpenAIRE

    Rapša, Dainis

    2010-01-01

    Kvalifikācijas darbā tiek apskatīti attālinātās administrēšanas rīku iespējas, izmantojot Windows un Linux operētājsistēmas. Darba gaitā tiek apskatīti un uzstādīti attālinātās administrēšanas rīki. Rīku priekšrocības un trūkumi Windows un Linux operētājsistēmā. Teorētiskajā daļā tiek apskatīti tīkla protokoli, kas ir cieši saistīti ar attālinātās administrēšanas rīku iespējām. Praktiskajā daļa tiek veikta attālinātās administrēšanas rīku instalēšana, konfigurēšana, salīdzināšana un administr...

  8. Pro-ana versus Pro-recovery: A Content Analytic Comparison of Social Media Users’ Communication about Eating Disorders on Twitter and Tumblr

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dawn B. Branley

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: To compare how people communicate about eating disorders on two popular social media platforms – Twitter and Tumblr.Materials and Methods: Thematic analysis was conducted to characterize the types of communications posted, and a content analysis was undertaken of between-platform differences.Results: Three types of content (pro-ana, anti-ana, and pro-recovery were posted on each platform. Overall, across both platforms, extreme pro-ana posts were in the minority compared to anti-ana and pro-recovery. Pro-ana posts (including ‘thinspiration’ were more common on Twitter than Tumblr, whereas anti-ana and pro-recovery posts were more common on Tumblr.Conclusion: The findings have implications for future research and health care relating to the treatment and prevention of eating disorders. Developers of future interventions targeting negative pro-ana content should remain aware of the need to avoid any detrimental impact on positive online support.

  9. Vadīšanas funkciju izpildes analīze Viļakas novada pašvaldībā.

    OpenAIRE

    Cibule, Rūta

    2016-01-01

    Bakalaura darba tēma ir “Vadīšanas funkciju izpildes analīze Viļakas novada pašvaldībā”. Darbā ir apskatītas vadīšanas funkcijas – organizēšana, plānošana, motivēšana, koordinēšana un kontrole, fokusējoties uz pirmajām trim minētajām. Bakalaura darba mērķis ir izanalizēt vadīšanas funkciju izpildi Viļakas novada domes administrācijā, pievēršot pastiprinātu uzmanību organizēšanai, motivēšanai un plānošanai. Lai šo mērķi izpildītu, pirmajā daļā autore izpētīja dažādus teorijas avotus, otrajā da...

  10. Handbook on loss reserving

    CERN Document Server

    Schmidt, Klaus; Schnaus, Anja

    2016-01-01

    This handbook presents the basic aspects of actuarial loss reserving. Besides the traditional methods, it also includes a description of more recent ones and a discussion of certain problems occurring in actuarial practice, like inflation, scarce data, large claims, slow loss development, the use of market statistics, the need for simulation techniques and the task of calculating best estimates and ranges of future losses. In property and casualty insurance the provisions for payment obligations from losses that have occurred but have not yet been settled usually constitute the largest item on the liabilities side of an insurer's balance sheet. For this reason, the determination and evaluation of these loss reserves is of considerable economic importance for every property and casualty insurer. Actuarial students, academics as well as practicing actuaries will benefit from this overview of the most important actuarial methods of loss reserving by developing an understanding of the underlying stochastic models...

  11. Lithium reserves and resources

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Evans, R.K.

    1978-01-01

    As a result of accelerating research efforts in the fields of secondary batteries and thermonuclear power generation, concern has been expressed in certain quarters regarding the availability, in sufficient quantities, of lithium. As part of a recent study by the National Research Council on behalf of the Energy Research and Development Administration, a subpanel was formed to consider the outlook for lithium. Principal areas of concern were reserves, resources and the 'surplus' available for energy applications after allowing for the growth in current lithium applications. Reserves and resources were categorized into four classes ranging from fully proved reserves to resources which are probably dependent upon the marketing of co-products to become economically attractive. Because of the proprietary nature of data on beneficiation and processing recoveries, the tonnages of available lithium are expressed in terms of plant feed. However, highly conservative assumptions have been made concerning mining recoveries and these go a considerable way to accounting for total losses. Western World reserves and resources of all classes are estimated at 10.6 million tonnes Li of which 3.5 million tonnes Li are located in the United States. Current United States capacity, virtually equivalent to Western World capacity, is 4700 tonnes Li and production in 1976 approximated to 3500 tonnes Li. Production for current applications is expected to grow to approx. 10,000 tonnes in year 2000 and 13,000 tonnes a decade later. The massive excess of reserves and resources over that necessary to support conventional requirements has limited the amount of justifiable exploration expenditures; on the last occasion, there was a a major increase in demand (by the USAEA) reserves and capacity were increased rapidly. There are no foreseeable reasons why this shouldn't happen again when the need is clear. (author)

  12. Muestreo en transecto de formaciones vegetales de fanerófitos y caméfitos (MIFC (II: estudio de los sabinares de la Reserva Biológica de Doñana (RBD (España

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cámara Artigas, Rafael

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available In this document the savin juniper forest or bosque de naves of Juniperus phoenicea subsp. turbinata (Guss. Nyman has been characterized in the Doñana Biological Reserve (DRB, by using a plant inventory methodology in linear transects. In this case, the inventory of phanerophytes and chamaephytes (MIFC in the area surrounding the lagoons of Charco del Toro (CHT and Navazo del Toro (NVT has been consi - dered. They have identified 5 different groups according to their constituent elements and their variables of vertical and horizontal structure (coverage. These are geo - botanically related with the aeolian mantle units of Doñana, as well as with the beha - vior of high transmissivity and hydrodynamic subsurface of the surface formations on which they are distributed. The group considered as savin juniper type formation is located in the Upper Dry Aeolian Mantle (UDAM where the sabinar de El Ojillo is found (Group 1: NVTV 19.Se estudia el bosque de sabinar o «bosque de naves» de Juniperus phoenicea subsp. turbinata (Guss. Nyman de la Reserva Biológica de Doñana (RBD, en el entorno de las lagunas de Charco del Toro (CHT y Navazo del Toro (NVT utilizando el Método de Inventario de Fanerófitos y Caméfitos (MIFC. Se identifican cinco grupos de sabinares en función de sus elementos constitutivos y la estructura vertical y horizontal (cobertura. Geobotánicamente los sabinares se relacionan con los mantos eólicos litorales de Doñana que tienen una alta conductividad hidráulica y ausencia de una dinámica hídrica subsuperficial. El grupo considerado como formación sabinar-tipo se localiza en el Alto Manto Eólico Seco (AMEs en el paraje del sabinar de El Ojillo (Grupo 1: NVTv 19. [fr] La forêt de genévriers ou forêt de navires de Juniperus phoenicea subsp. turbinata (Guss. Nyman a été caractérisée dans la Réserve Biologique de Doñana (RBD en utilisant une méthodologie d’inventaire végétal en transects linéaires consid

  13. SUIKERBOSRAND NATURE RESERVE

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Suikerbosrand Nature Reserve and fts educational facilities are run by the Transvaal. Division of. Nature Conservation. ... tion and the education facilities provided. The former are utilized mainly by the general public ... artist Paul Bosman (already reviewed in the EEASA newsletter). The co-founders of the Foundation are.

  14. Session 7: Reserve

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bailey, R.; Crockford, G.

    2001-01-01

    The reserve session was devoted to some issues that came up through the workshop, which were grouped into three main areas: The Global Accelerator Network, Problems of stress and how to get organized to minimize them, What should an operations group be responsible for? This paper summarizes the discussions that took place. (author)

  15. School Shootings Stun Reservation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Borja, Rhea R.; Cavanagh, Sean

    2005-01-01

    This article deals with the impact brought by the school shootings at Red Lake Indian Reservation in Minnesota to the school community. A deeply troubled 16-year-old student shot and killed seven other people and himself at a high school. The nation's deadliest school attack since the 1999 slayings at Colorado's suburban Columbine High School took…

  16. SUIKERBOSRAND NATURE RESERVE

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    reserve, the total length being 66 km with six overnight huts. There are also the BokmakiePie. Nature Troil. and the Cheetah Interpretive Troil. which can be used by day visitors. The former has two loops, one of 10 km and another of 17 km. The. Cheetah Troil. is much shorter and various points of interest are interpreted en ...

  17. Elektrovadītspējas noteikšana poli(ēter ēter ketona) membrānām ar dažādām sulfonēšanas pakāpēm

    OpenAIRE

    Fedorenko, Deniss

    2017-01-01

    Darbā ir veikta poli(ēter ētera ketona) sulfonēšana un ir iegūti paraugi ar dažādām sulfonēšanas pakāpēm, no kurām tika izgatavotas membrānas. Sulfonēšanas pakāpe tika noteikta ar titrēšanas metodi. Izmantojot impedances metodi, tika noteikta sulfonēta poli(ēter ētera ketona) membrānu elektrovadītspēja atkarībā no sulfonēšanas pakāpes. Membrānas tika analizētas ar rentgendifraktometrijas metodi un termogravimetrijas metodi.

  18. Rapid determination of 239,240Pu, 238Pu, 241Am and 90Sr in high contaminated samples waste using combined SPE sorbents AnaLigR Pu-02, AnaLigR Sr-01 and DGAR Resin

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Silvia Dulanska; Igor Antalik; Miroslav Labaska; Boris Remenec; Andrej Matel

    2013-01-01

    A rapid separation method has been developed which allows measurement of plutonium, americium and strontium isotopes in the high active sample from CBRN Training and Testing Centre in Zemianske Kostolany (Slovakia) with high chemical recoveries and effective removal of matrix interferences. This method uses different commercial products stacked AnaLig R Pu-02, AnaLig R Sr-01 and DGA R Resin cartridges from IBC Advanced Technologies and Eichrom Technologies. The method allows rapid separation of plutonium, strontium and americium using a single multi-stage column in the vacuum box (cartridge technology) with rapid flow rates to minimize sample separation time. The 239,240 Pu, 23 8Pu and 241 Am were determined by alpha spectroscopy, 90 Sr was counted on TRICARB 2900 TR by Cherenkov counting of its progeny 90 Y. (author)

  19. The Strategic Petroleum Reserve

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1991-01-01

    The Strategic Petroleum Reserve program was set into motion by the 1975 Energy Policy and Conservation Act (EPCA). By 1990, 590 million barrels of oil had been placed in storage. Salt domes along the Gulf Coast offered ideal storage. Both sweet'' and sour'' crude oil have been acquired using various purchase options. Drawdown, sale, and distribution of the oil would proceed according to guidelines set by EPCA in the event of a severe energy supply disruption. (SM)

  20. [Hypertrophy and coronary reserve].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Motz, W; Scheler, S

    2008-12-01

    Left ventricular hypertrophy represents the structural mechanism of adaptation of the left ventricle as the answer of a chronic pressure overload in arterial hypertension. Initially an increment in left ventricular wall thickness occurs. In this stadium of "concentric hypertrophy" LV systolic wall stress, LV ejection fraction and myocardial oxygen consumption per weight unit myocardium remain unchanged. In the further time course of disease LV dilatation will be present. In this phase of "excentric hypertrophy" LV systolic wall stress and myocardial oxygen consumption per weight unit myocardium rise and LV ejection fraction decreases. Patients with arterial hypertension frequently complain of angina pectoris. Angina pectoris and the positive exercise tolerance test or the positive myocardial scintigraphy are the consequence of the impaired coronary flow reserve. The coronary flow reserve is diminished due to structural and functional changes of the coronary circulation. ACE-inhibitors and AT1-receptor blockers cause a significant improvement of coronary flow reserve and regression of both left ventricular hypertrophy and myocardial fibrosis.

  1. Memoria, infancia y guerra civil: El mundo narrativo de Ana María Matute

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nestor Horacio Bórquez

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Ana María Matute has created a tightly closed narrative world where fiction and reality are mixed through a particular style, thoroughly lyric but full of cruelty. This world is largely shaped by the coexistence of the children's innocent gaze with the disenchanted look of the adults. Paraíso inhabitado (2008, her latest novel, meets most of the topics that make up Matute's own style: Against the historical background of the Spanish Civil War, the central matter is once again related to the clash of the already mentioned conflicting realities. This paper attempts to analyze the intersection between both features: the distantiated look of the children -who shall live in a world of fantasy until his final defeat and subsequent entry in the world of adults, like every children in Matute's work- displaying a 'translucent' view of the Civil War, an appeal to the memory of a grown-up narrator who introduces her childhood?s remembrances almost without any interventionAna María Matute ha creado un cerrado mundo narrativo que mezcla ficción y realidad con un estilo particular, pleno de poesía pero cargado de crueldad. Parte de este mundo se forja por la convivencia de la mirada inocente de los niños con la desencantada de los adultos. Paraíso inhabitado (2008, última novela de Matute, cumple con la mayoría de los 'tópicos' que conforman el particular estilo de la autora: prevalece este choque de realidades enfrentadas que además tiene a la Guerra Civil como trasfondo histórico. El trabajo analizará el cruce de estas dos características: la mirada 'extrañada' de los niños protagonistas de la obra -que como todo niño 'matuteano' vivirá en un mundo de fantasía efímero antes de ingresar ya 'derrotado' al mundo adulto- que presenta una visión ?traslúcida? de la guerra civil, una apelación a la memoria de la narradora ya adulta que presenta casi sin intervenciones sus recuerdos de niña

  2. Jauna tehniskā lignīna degradācijas produktu pētīšana

    OpenAIRE

    Ponomarenko, Jevgenija

    2006-01-01

    Darbā ir veikta parastās egles (Picea abies) koksnes lignīnu analīze, kas ir iegūti Zviedrijas Lundas Universitātes bioetanola ražošanas pilotiekārtā kā cieti atlikumi dažādās procesa stadijās. Salīdzināšanai ir izmantots egles koksnes Bjorkmana lignīns. Lignīnu pētīšanai ir izmantotas oksidatīvas degradācijas un analītiskās pirolīzes metodes. Produktu sadalīšanai un identifikācijai ir izmantotas gāzes hromatogrāfijas un masspektrometrijas metodes. Nitrobenzola oksidēšanas rezultātā kā galven...

  3. Principes et application de la digestion anaérobie pour la production d'énergie

    OpenAIRE

    Bernet, Nicolas

    2015-01-01

    La digestion anaérobie est un processus naturel par lequel la matière organique est transformée en un biogaz qui contient environ 2/3 de méthane et 1/3 de dioxyde de carbone. Elle résulte de l’activité d’un écosystème microbien anaérobie complexe. Le biogaz est une source d’énergie qui peut être utilisée directement en remplacement du gaz naturel, pour produire de la chaleur et de l’électricité par cogénération ou encore comme carburant pour véhicules. Ainsi, la domestication par l’homme de c...

  4. Spēles Sudoku izstrāde JAVA programmēšanas valodā

    OpenAIRE

    Plisko, Andrejs

    2011-01-01

    Kvalifikācijas darba mērķis ir izveidot prāta spēli Sudoku un tās paveidu JigSaw Sudoku, kas kalpos kā attīstoša un aizraujoša brīvā laika pavadīšanas iespēja, kas būs pieejama kā parasta lietotne. Lietotne ļaus lietotājam izvēlēties 1 no 3 dažādiem sarežģītības līmeņiem. Pareizo ievaddatu pārbaudīšanas metodes neļaus lietotājam ievadīt nepareizu skaitli. Darba gaitā tika radīta „Sudoku” spēle, kas atbilst dotajām prasībām.

  5. Fractional Reserve Banking

    OpenAIRE

    Andreasen, Niels; Bjerregaard, Mads; Lund, Jonas; Olsen, Ove Bitsch; Rasmussen, Andreas Dalgas

    2012-01-01

    Projektet er bygget op omkring kritisk realisme, som er det gennemgående videnskabelige fundament til undersøgelsen af hvilke strukturelle grunde der er til finansiel ustabilitet i Danmark. Projektet går i dybden med Fractional Reserve Banking og incitamentsstrukturen i banksystemet. Vi bevæger os både på det makro- og mikroøkonomiske niveau i analysen. På makro niveau bruger vi den østrigske skole om konjunktur teori (The Positive Theory of the Cycle). På mikro niveau arbejder vi med princip...

  6. ‘That perfect girl is gone’:Pro-ana, Anorexia and Frozen (2013) as an ‘Eating Disorder’ Film

    OpenAIRE

    Holmes, Su

    2015-01-01

    The study of pro-anorexia (pro-ana) sites occupies a significant place in critical feminist work on eating disorders. But pro-ana sites have been studied as particular subcultural spaces which function to produce communities, identity positions and modes of subversive/ conformist femininities. Although anorexia might often be experienced as all-encompassing, people who are anorexic/ pro-anorexic don’t just ‘do’ anorexia. They also participate in everyday activities like engaging with media an...

  7. Ana o 3, an important cashew nut (Anacardium occidentale L.) allergen of the 2S albumin family.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robotham, Jason M; Wang, Fang; Seamon, Vanessa; Teuber, Suzanne S; Sathe, Shridhar K; Sampson, Hugh A; Beyer, Kirsten; Seavy, Margaret; Roux, Kenneth H

    2005-06-01

    Cashew nut allergy is the second most commonly reported tree nut allergy in the United States. We have previously cloned and characterized major cashew allergens belonging to the vicilin and legumin families of seed storage proteins. Here we set out to describe a third major cashew allergen, a 2S albumin. The recombinant cashew 2S albumin was amplified from a cDNA library by means of PCR, sequenced, and expressed in Escherichia coli. Immunoblotting was used to screen for reactivity with patients' sera, and inhibition immunoblotting was used to identify the corresponding native cashew nut proteins. The mass of affinity-purified native allergen was determined by means of matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight (MALDI-TOF) mass spectroscopy. Patients' sera were used to probe solid-phase 2S albumin peptides to identify linear epitopes. The cloned allergen, designated Ana o 3, was identified as 2S albumin. MALDI-TOF mass spectroscopy of native Ana o 3 yielded a molecular mass of 12,598 d. Immunoblot analysis showed 21 (81%) of 26 sera from patients with cashew allergy were reactive. Three native Ana o 3 large-subunit isoforms with molecular weights ranging from approximately 6 to 10 kd were identified. Probing of overlapping synthetic Ana o 3 peptides with patients' sera identified 16 reactive peptides, 4 of which gave strong signals and one of which positionally overlaps linear epitopes in mustard and walnut allergenic 2S albumins. The overlapping cashew and walnut epitopes also share considerable homology. We conclude that this 2S albumin protein is a major allergen in cashew nut and demonstrates a possible basis for cross-reactivity with walnut 2S albumin.

  8. Selection for duration of fertility and mule duck white plumage colour in a synthetic strain of ducks (Anas platyrhynchos)

    OpenAIRE

    Liu, H. C.; Huang, J. F.; Lee, S. R.; Liu, H. L.; Hsieh, C. H.; Huang, C. W.; Huang, M. C.; Tai, C.; Poivey, Jean Paul; Rouvier, R.; Cheng, Y. S.

    2015-01-01

    A synthetic strain of ducks (Anas platyrhynchos) was developed by introducing genes for long duration of fertility to be used as mother of mule ducklings and a seven-generation selection experiment was conducted to increase the number of fertile eggs after a single artificial insemination (AI) with pooled Muscovy semen. Reciprocal crossbreeding between Brown Tsaiya LRI-2 (with long duration of fertility) and Pekin L-201 (with white plumage mule ducklings) ducks produced the GO. Then G1 were i...

  9. Ana Vaz Milheiro, Nos Trópicos Sem Le Corbusier: Arquitectura Luso-africana no Estado Novo

    OpenAIRE

    Agarez, Ricardo

    2013-01-01

    Nos Trópicos Sem Le Corbusier: Arquitectura Luso-africana no Estado Novo examines the circulation of architectural cultures and actors in and between the historically-related contexts of Portugal, Brazil and the former Portuguese colonies in Africa, during the first three quarters of the twentieth century. This generously illustrated, Portuguese-language volume is a collection of ten essays written by Ana Vaz Milheiro between 2006 and 2011, and previously published either in the proceedings o...

  10. Normal xeroradiographic and radiographic anatomy of the mallard duck (Anas platyrhynchos) with reference to other anserine species

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Smith, B.J.; Smith, S.A.

    1991-01-01

    he purpose of this study was to provide a reference for xeroradiographic and conventional radiographic anatomy of the mallard duck (Anas platyrhynchos) as a representative of the avian Order Anseriformes. The head, body, wing, and pelvic limb of three adult birds were radiographed using xeroradiographic and conventional radiographic techniques. Nine xeroradiographs and their corresponding conventional radiographs were selected, and the xeroradiographs labeled to illustrate normal anatomy. Selected views of other anseriform species were included to illustrate certain anatomical features unique to those species

  11. Tiešsaistes GPS izsekošanas sistēma „GPS OrientTracker”

    OpenAIRE

    Āboliņš, Valters

    2008-01-01

    Darba mērķis bija ieviest Latvijā GPS tiešsaistes izsekošanas sistēmu, kas orientēšanās sacensību laikā spētu uzrādīt, kur atrodas konkrēta persona uz doto brīdi. Tā kā Pasaulē šāda veida sistēmas jau tiek pielietotas, arī Latvijā, lai attīstītu un popularizētu orientēšanās sportu, ir nepieciešamas tiešsaistes izsekošanas sistēmas. Rezultātā tika salīdzinātas jau esošas sistēmas, to cenas, un izvēlēta piemērotākā uztvērējierīce, un beigās izstrādāta tiešsaistes izsekošanas sistēma....

  12. Peritoneālās dialīzes pacientu izglītošanas modulis

    OpenAIRE

    Maurīte, Aiva

    2010-01-01

    Darbā ir apskatīta tēma par peritoneālās dialīzes pacientu izglītošanu, kas ir svarīgs elements peritoneālās dialīzes pacientu aprūpes procesā. Darba mērķis ir noskaidrot, kādam ir jābūt peritoneālās dialīzes pacientu izglītošanas modulim, lai tas veiksmīgi darbotos praksē. Teorētiskā daļā sniegts ieskats par pacienta izglītošanas aspektiem, veselības aprūpes personāla pedagoģisko kompetenci, aplūkota peritoneālās dialīzes pacientu izglītošanas pieredze Latvijā un citās Eiropas valstīs...

  13. Lack of Clinical Relevance of ANA and ASMA Positivity in Patients with Liver Transplantation without a History of Autoimmune Diseases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pellegrini, Lucienne; Parrilli, Gianpaolo; Santonicola, Antonella; Cinquanta, Luigi; Caputo, Cesare; Ciacci, Carolina; Zingone, Fabiana

    2017-01-01

    The relevance of isolated autoimmunity elevation in orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) patients is unknown. Our aim was to analyse how serum autoantibodies change in time and to evaluate their clinical relevance in OLT patients. Patients were invited to provide samples to evaluate ANA, AMA, ASMA, and LKM at the time of enrolment ( T 0), after 6 months ( T 6), and after 12 months ( T 12). We included 114 patients in the study (76% males, median age 62.5 years), finding isolated elevation of at least one serum antibody in up to 80% of them. We described fluctuating positive autoantibodies in the one year of observation, with only 45.6% of patients positive for ANA and less than 2% positive for ASMA, at all three times. Isolated elevation of tissue antibodies was not related to gender, age, HCC at transplant, early rejection, cause of transplantation, immunotherapy taken, and age at the time of the study. We did not detect a higher prevalence of positive autoimmunity in patients with signs of liver injury. ANA and ASMA evaluation in patients with liver transplantation and no history of autoimmune disease has no clinical relevance, since it varies in time and is not related to any risk factors or liver injury. Routine autoimmunity evaluation should be avoided.

  14. Newly discovered fragments of frescoes in the Church of Saint Ana above Perast, the Boka Kotorska bay

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Đorđević Ivan M.

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Several years ago, during the reconstruction and refurbishment of the Church of Saint Ana above Perast, the original layer of frescoes was discovered in this church, which is otherwise known for the wall paintings by Tripo Kokolja (beginning of the XVIII century. Since this church is also known as indicated in the paper, by the name of Saint Veneranda, or Saint Paraskevi, the point that was discussed first of all, was the change in the dedication of the church. On the basis of an analysis of the architecture it was argued that this was one of the oldest shrines in Perast, dating from the mid-XV century. Fragments of frescoes were then analysed, which made it possible to conclude beyond a doubt that Saint Paraskevi was painted on the triumphal arch, on the southern side, and above her, the Crucifixion. The placement of this scene in the main place in the temple resulted from the fact that the Church of Saint Ana was located at the end of the Way of the Cross (Via Crucis, in Perast. All this indicates that the educated population of Perast knew exactly how to create the sacral topography of a town. Finally, it seems that the paper proves, persuasively enough, that the wall paintings in Saint Ana are the work of Lovro Marinov Dobričević, a painter of Kotor and Dubrovnik from the middle and the latter half of the XV century.

  15. Cenu politika un cenu veidošanas stratēģijas viesnīcā

    OpenAIRE

    Staško, Evija

    2012-01-01

    Maģistra darba mērķis ir izanalizēt viesmīlības nozari Rīgā, kā arī Radisson Blu hotel Latvija konkurentus, iegūtie dati un Ketijas A. pētījums par atlaižu ietekmi uz viesnīcas rādītājiem, ļautu izstrādāt priekšlikumus viesnīcas numuru cenu noteikšanai. Maģistra darba izstrādē tiek izmantotas sekojošas pētīšanas metodes: literatūras analīze, prognozēšanas, salīdzināšanas, tabulas un grafiskās, kā arī aprakstošās, analītiskās metodes un scenāriju izstrāde. Pēc veiktajiem aprēķiniem maģistr...

  16. Pamatlīdzekļu uzskaite un novērtēšana uzņēmumā SIA Baltijas zivis-97

    OpenAIRE

    Dzene, Helēna

    2014-01-01

    Diplomdarba mērķis ir izpētīt, un novērtēt ražošanas uzņēmuma SIA Baltijas zivis 97 pamatlīdzekļu uzskaiti un izstrādāt priekšlikumus pamatlīdzekļu uzskaites pilnveidošanai. Darbs sastāv no 4 daļām: uzņēmuma saimnieciskās darbības raksturojums; pamatlīdzekļa jēdziens, to atzīšanas uzskaites teorētiskās prasības un to piemērošana SIA Baltijas zivis 97; SIA Baltijas zivis 97 pamatlīdzekļu uzturēšanas, rekonstrukcijas un izslēgšanas darījumu uzskaite, un pamatlīdzekļu nolietojuma aprēķināšana...

  17. POPULATION DYNAMICS IN CRIŞANA AND BANAT DURING THE PERIOD 1990 – 2010

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Horia Mihai Raboca

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The study analyses the population dynamics in Crişana and Banat territories, respectively from Bihor, Arad, Timiş and Caraş-Severin counties. For this purpose, certain factors involved in this process were analyzed, respectively birth rate , mortality, the rate of natural population growth and the spatial migratory. As far as birth rate and mortality are concerned, these aspects had an oscillatory development, but adopting different directions of evolution, respectively a descending trend in the case of birth rate and an increase in the case of mortality. Due to this manner of manifestation result a negative rate of natural population growth in all the counties representing the main factor that caused the decline in population numbers in the territories mentioned. The analysis of the net migratory movement shows that migration growth has been positive on the whole interval where Bihor, Arad and Timis, alleviating to some extent the reduction in the population and negative values in a high proportion in Caraş-Severin.

  18. [Friends of virtual Ana--the phenomenon of pro-anorexia in the Internet].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stochel, Martyna; Janas-Kozik, Małgorzata

    2010-01-01

    Anorexia nervosa is regarded as a serious mental disturbance, where denial of illness and strong resistance to treatment are symptomatic features. In many cases it leads to extreme devastation or even to death. Effective treatment of this disorder still remains a challenge for clinicians and researchers. Since the 90-ies of the previous century there has been a rise in the free access to the internet. At present over a billion people all over the world use it. What young people look for in the internet is not only information, but also friends, support or entertainment. For last a few years, a phenomenon of pro-anorexia has been present in the Internet, connecting people who claim that anorexia is a "lifestyle" rather than a deadly illness, which should be treat. They communicate with each other through the internet blogs, forums and popular social networking sites, creating a virtual community. The pro-ana community is made up of adolescent girls and young women who decide on dieting. Pro-anorexia is still a poorly known phenomenon, especially in Poland. It seems to be very important to take a note on this phenomenon in the face of an increasing prevalence of eating disorders in the last years.

  19. Multilocus phylogeography of a holarctic duck: colonization of north america from eurasia by gadwall (Anas strepera).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peters, Jeffrey L; Zhuravlev, Yuri N; Fefelov, Igor; Humphries, Elizabeth M; Omland, Kevin E

    2008-06-01

    More than 100 species of birds have Holarctic distributions extending across Eurasia and North America, and many of them likely achieved these distributions by recently colonizing one continent from the other. Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) and five nuclear introns were sequenced to test the direction and timing of colonization for a Holarctic duck, the gadwall (Anas strepera). Three lines of evidence suggest gadwalls colonized North America from Eurasia. First, New World (NW) gadwalls had fewer alleles at every locus and 61% of the allelic richness found in Old World (OW) gadwalls. Second, NW gadwalls had lower mtDNA allelic richness than other NW ducks. Third, coalescent analysis suggested that less than 5% of the ancestral population contributed to NW gadwalls at the time of divergence. Gadwalls likely colonized North America during the Late Pleistocene (approximately 81,000 years ago), but the confidence interval on that estimate was large (8500-450,000 years ago). Intercontinental gene flow and selection also likely contributed to genetic diversity in gadwalls. This study illustrates the use of multiple loci and coalescent analyses for critically testing a priori hypotheses regarding dispersal and colonization and provides an independent datapoint supporting an OW to NW bias in the direction of colonization.

  20. Svešvalodu mācīšana indigo bērniem

    OpenAIRE

    Bernsone, Inese

    2008-01-01

    Ar terminu „indigo bērns” tiek apzīmēti talantīgie un hiperaktīvie mūsdienu bērni. Pastāv viedoklis, ka tradicionālā izglītības sistēma būtu jāpieskaņo indigo bērniem, lai veiksmīgi attīstītu viņu potenciālu. Pētījuma mērķis ir popularizēt indigo jēdzienu un pievērst uzmanību izglītības jautājumiem. Izmantotās pētījuma metodes ir literatūras analīze un svešvalodu skolotāju aptauja. Rezultāti apstiprina, ka jaunie bērni pieprasa uzmanību, godīgumu un visaptverošas zināšanas, kas atbilst viņu m...

  1. The ecology of avian influenza viruses in wild dabbling ducks (Anas spp. in Canada.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zsuzsanna Papp

    Full Text Available Avian influenza virus (AIV occurrence and transmission remain important wildlife and human health issues in much of the world, including in North America. Through Canada's Inter-Agency Wild Bird Influenza Survey, close to 20,000 apparently healthy, wild dabbling ducks (of seven species were tested for AIV between 2005 and 2011. We used these data to identify and evaluate ecological and demographic correlates of infection with low pathogenic AIVs in wild dabbling ducks (Anas spp. across Canada. Generalized linear mixed effects model analyses revealed that risk of AIV infection was higher in hatch-year birds compared to adults, and was positively associated with a high proportion of hatch-year birds in the population. Males were more likely to be infected than females in British Columbia and in Eastern Provinces of Canada, but more complex relationships among age and sex cohorts were found in the Prairie Provinces. A species effect was apparent in Eastern Canada and British Columbia, where teal (A. discors and/or A. carolinensis were less likely to be infected than mallards (A. platyrhynchos. Risk of AIV infection increased with the density of the breeding population, in both Eastern Canada and the Prairie Provinces, and lower temperatures preceding sampling were associated with a higher probability of AIV infection in Eastern Canada. Our results provide new insights into the ecological and demographic factors associated with AIV infection in waterfowl.

  2. Projekts Zvanu centra SIA "Transcom WOrld Wide Latvia" izveidošana

    OpenAIRE

    Kuzmina, Sanita

    2009-01-01

    Latvijas ekonomikas un tirgus stabilizēšanai ir nepieciešamība pēc jaunu un ilgtermiņā darbojošos uzņēmumu veidošanās. Jaunu uzņēmumu veidošanās palielina kopējo pievienoto vērtību valstī un nodrošina jaunas darbavietas. Katram uzņēmumam uzsākot saimniecisko darbību ir nepieciešama informācija par tirgu un tā iespējām nākotnē, novērtēt savas finanšu iespējas, kā arī materiālo resursu nodrošinājumu, tāpēc svarīgs posms ir šo resursu efektīva izmantošana uzņēmuma darbības procesā. Uzņēmē...

  3. Projekts: Uzņēmuma "FREI" dibināšana

    OpenAIRE

    Freibergs, Oskars

    2016-01-01

    Projekta ideja ir izveidot sabiedrību ar ierobežotu atbildību „FREI”, kas ražos ogu sīrupus un bezalkoholiskos vīnus. Uzņēmuma darbības mērķis ir piedāvāt klientiem augstvērtīgus ogu sīrupus, kas pagatavoti no Latvijā audzētām ogām, kā arī,izmantojot jaunākās ražošanas tehnoloģijas - bezalkoholiskos vīnus, kas gan pēc garšas, gan smaržas būs līdzīgi alkoholiskajiem vīniem. Sākotnēji plānots iekarot Latvijas tirgu ar esošajiem produktiem, taču nākotnē ir plānots paplašināt klāstu ar produktiem...

  4. Krievijas uzņemšanas PTO ietekme uz Latvijas eksportu un importu

    OpenAIRE

    Vaikule, Aija

    2012-01-01

    Bakalaura darba nosaukums ir „Krievijas uzņemšanas PTO ietekme uz Latvijas eksportu un importu”. Darbā tiek veikta PTO kā starptautiskās organizācijas, kas koordinē tirdzniecības jautājumus darbības izpēte, kopējo Latvijas ārējās tirdzniecības rādītāju analīze, Latvijas un Krievijas savstarpējās tirdzniecības rādītāju analīze. Bakalaura darbā ir izanalizēti PTO darbības principi, kopējie Latvijas ārējās tirdzniecības rādītāji, kā arī autore ir apskatījusi Latvijas un Krievijas savstarpējo ...

  5. Ecosystem metabolism in a temporary Mediterranean marsh (Doñana National Park, SW Spain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O. Geertz-Hansen

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available The metabolic balance of the open waters supporting submerged macrophytes of the Doñana marsh (SW Spain was investigated in spring, when community production is highest. The marsh community (benthic + pelagic was net autotrophic with net community production rates averaging 0.61 g C m−2 d−1, and gross production rates exceeding community respiration rates by, on average, 43%. Net community production increased greatly with increasing irradiance, with the threshold irradiance for communities to become net autotrophic ranging from 42 to 255 μE m−2 s−1, with net heterotrophic at lower irradiance. Examination of the contributions of the benthic and the pelagic compartments showed the pelagic compartment to be strongly heterotrophic (average P/R ratio = 0.27, indicating that the metabolism of the pelagic compartment is highly subsidised by excess organic carbon produced in the strongly autotrophic benthic compartment (average P/R = 1.58.

  6. Anglicismu lietošana franču reklāmas jomā

    OpenAIRE

    Koļesova, Tatjana

    2015-01-01

    Šī pētījuma mērķis ir izpētīt anglicismu lietošanas tendences un faktorus mūsdienu franču reklāmā. Izpēte balstās uz to anglicismu analīzi, kas rodami desmit 2014.gada franču žurnālos. Pētījuma pamatā ir tādu slavenu valodnieku kā Renē Ētjembla, Manfreda Hoflera un Lionela Meneijē teorētiskie darbi, kā arī tādi leksikogrāfijas izdevumi kā lielā terminoloģijas vārdnīca, vārdnīca Larousse, anglicismu vārdnīca «Les usuels du Robert» u.c. Izpētes pamatā ir kvantitatīvā un kvalitatīvā metode. Anal...

  7. OpenLayers izmantošana Android ĢIS lietotnē

    OpenAIRE

    Krūmiņš, Kristaps

    2015-01-01

    “OpenLayers izmantošana Android ĢIS lietotnē” ir kvalifikācijas darbs, kurā tika izstrādāta hibrīd Android lietotne. Lietotne domāta cilvēkiem, kas vēlas iemūžināt bildes un vēlāk tās apskatīt kartē, lai redzētu kurā vietā bildes tika uzņemtas, kā arī redzēt pārējās bildes, kas tika uzņemtas šajā vietā vai tās tuvumā. Papildus tam, lietotni var izmantot, lai orientētos apkārtnē un, lai apskatītu savu veikto ceļu. Projekts realizēts pēc spējās izstrādes metodoloģijas. Izstrādes procesā tika iz...

  8. Veidlapu definēšanas rīka izstrāde

    OpenAIRE

    Žukovskis, Mareks

    2010-01-01

    Veidlapu definēšanas rīks ir atsevišķi izstrādāts modulis, kas nodrošina MS Excel datu apstrādes iespējas Finanšu un budžeta pārskatu programmatūras (FIBU) saskarnē. Ar šī rīka palīdzību vienkāršotā veidā ir iespējams aprakstīt definējamo veidlapu, neiedziļinoties datubāzes struktūrā. FIBU ir sistēma, kas nodrošina iespēju apkopot un analizēt finanšu, budžeta, statistikas un tamlīdzīgus pārskatus. Līdz šī rīka ieviešanai FIBU sistēmā veidlapu definēšanā par pamatu izmantoja MS Access un MS...

  9. Heavy rainfall triggers increased nocturnal flight in desert populations of the Pacific black duck (Anas superciliosa).

    Science.gov (United States)

    McEvoy, J F; Ribot, R F H; Wingfield, J C; Bennett, A T D

    2017-12-14

    Understanding of avian nocturnal flight comes mainly from northern hemisphere species in seasonal temperate ecosystems where nocturnal flight is often precisely timed and entrained by annual photoperiod. Here we investigate patterns of nocturnal flight in waterbirds of Australian desert ecosystems that fly considerable distances to find temporary water bodies formed from rainfall which is highly unpredictable seasonally and spatially, and when there is sufficient water, they then breed. How they perform these feats of navigation and physiology remain poorly known. Using GPS tracking of 38 satellite tagged Pacific black ducks (Anas superciliosa) in two contrasting ecosystems, before and after heavy rainfall we revealed a key role for facultative nocturnal flight in the movement ecology of this species. After large rainfall events, birds rapidly increased nocturnal flight activity in the arid aseasonal ecosystem, but not in the mesic seasonal one. Nocturnal flights occurred throughout the night in both ecosystems. Long range flights (>50 km in 2 hours) occurred almost exclusively at night; at night the distance flown was higher than during the day, birds visited more locations, and the locations were more widely dispersed. Our work reveals that heavy rainfall triggers increased nocturnal flight activity in desert populations of waterbirds.

  10. Pyrethroid insecticides in wild bird eggs from a World Heritage Listed Park: A case study in Doñana National Park (Spain).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Corcellas, Cayo; Andreu, Ana; Máñez, Manuel; Sergio, Fabrizio; Hiraldo, Fernando; Eljarrat, Ethel; Barceló, Damià

    2017-09-01

    Recent studies demonstrated that the common pyrethroid insecticides are present in aquatic biota tissues. In this study, 123 samples of unhatched eggs of 16 wild bird species collected from 2010 to 2012 in Doñana National and Natural Park were analysed to determine 13 pyrethroids. This study represents the first time that pyrethroids are detected in tissues of terrestrial biota, 93% of these samples being positive to those pollutants. Levels of total pyrethroids ranged from not detected to 324 ng g -1 lw. The samples were characterized by stable isotope analysis. Species with diets based on anthropogenic food showed higher levels of pyrethroids and lower values of δ 15 N. Finally, we characterized the isomers of pyrethroids and discerned some isomeric- and enantiomeric-specific accumulations. In particular, tetramethrin and cyhalothrin showed an enantiomeric-selective accumulation of one enantiomer, highlighting the need to assess toxicological effects of each enantiomer separately to be able to make a correct risk assessment of pyrethroids in birds. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  11. Are uranium reserves adequate?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    2006-01-01

    Against a backdrop of growing concerns about global warming and geopolitical pressures on fossil energies, especially natural gas and oil, interest in nuclear power has revived considerably. Conscious of its addiction to oil and reeling from a series of gigantic blackouts, the United States, in the words of its president, must 'aggressively move forward with the construction of nuclear power plants'. Some European countries have approved new power plant construction (Finland and France), while the more reserved ones (Belgium, Germany and Sweden) have begun to show a change in attitude. Asia, meanwhile, is host to the planet's largest number of potential nuclear construction projects in this first half of the 21. century. All these signs point to a sharp rise in uranium consumption, the basic fuel for these plants. But are there enough resources to support a nuclear revival on a planetary scale? The publication of the Red Book on uranium in late May 2006 was an opportunity for Thierry Dujardin, Deputy Director of Science and Development at the OECD's Nuclear Energy Agency, to take stock of resources. He gives his opinion in this paper

  12. BTA Insurance Company SE darbības pilnveidošana tirgus daļas palielināšanā Baltijā un Eiropā

    OpenAIRE

    Radvila, Līga

    2012-01-01

    Maģistra darbā “Apdrošināšanas tirgus segmentēšana - ieiešana Polijā” ir izpētīta Polijas apdrošināšanas tirgus nozare, Latvijas apdrošināšanas vieta pasaules, Eiropas un Baltijas valstīs. “BTA Insurance Company” SE finanšu rādītāji un tirgus segmentācija. Par pētījuma objektu izvēlēta apdrošināšanas akciju sabiedrība “BTA Insurance Company” SE, kura darbojas Latvijā kopš 1993.gada 1.novembra, bet no 2011. gada marta ir reģistrēta Eiropas komercsabiedrības reģistrā. Maģistra darba izstr...

  13. Insights from ANA-grade angiosperms into the early evolution of CUP-SHAPED COTYLEDON genes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vialette-Guiraud, Aurélie C M; Adam, Hélène; Finet, Cédric; Jasinski, Sophie; Jouannic, Stefan; Scutt, Charles P

    2011-06-01

    The closely related NAC family genes NO APICAL MERISTEM (NAM) and CUP-SHAPED COTYLEDON3 (CUC3) regulate the formation of boundaries within and between plant organs. NAM is post-transcriptionally regulated by miR164, whereas CUC3 is not. To gain insight into the evolution of NAM and CUC3 in the angiosperms, we analysed orthologous genes in early-diverging ANA-grade angiosperms and gymnosperms. We obtained NAM- and CUC3-like sequences from diverse angiosperms and gymnosperms by a combination of reverse transcriptase PCR, cDNA library screening and database searching, and then investigated their phylogenetic relationships by performing maximum-likelihood reconstructions. We also studied the spatial expression patterns of NAM, CUC3 and MIR164 orthologues in female reproductive tissues of Amborella trichopoda, the probable sister to all other flowering plants. Separate NAM and CUC3 orthologues were found in early-diverging angiosperms, but not in gymnosperms, which contained putative orthologues of the entire NAM + CUC3 clade that possessed sites of regulation by miR164. Multiple paralogues of NAM or CUC3 genes were noted in certain taxa, including Brassicaceae. Expression of NAM, CUC3 and MIR164 orthologues from Am. trichopoda was found to co-localize in ovules at the developmental boundary between the chalaza and nucellus. The NAM and CUC3 lineages were generated by duplication, and CUC3 was subsequently lost regulation by miR164, prior to the last common ancestor of the extant angiosperms. However, the paralogous NAM clade genes CUC1 and CUC2 were generated by a more recent duplication, near the base of Brassicaceae. The function of NAM and CUC3 in defining a developmental boundary in the ovule appears to have been conserved since the last common ancestor of the flowering plants, as does the post-transcriptional regulation in ovule tissues of NAM by miR164.

  14. Temporal trends in classical and alternative flame retardants in bird eggs from Doñana Natural Space and surrounding areas (south-western Spain) between 1999 and 2013.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barón, E; Bosch, C; Máñez, M; Andreu, A; Sergio, F; Hiraldo, F; Eljarrat, E; Barceló, D

    2015-11-01

    Several halogenated flame retardants were detected in black kite, white stork and greater flamingo unborn eggs from Doñana Natural Space (Spain) collected in 1999, 2003, 2011 and 2013. The main components of Penta-BDE commercial mixture (BDE-47, -99 and -100) showed a decrease in the studied time interval, concurring with the ban of this mixture in the European Union (EU) in 2006. On the other hand, BDE-209, the main component of Deca-BDE mixture showed a clear trend in black kites but further monitoring is needed since its production ceased at the end of 2013. Besides, even if Dechlorane Plus (DP) was proposed by the EU as an alternative to BDE-209 no time trends were observed. Furthermore, total concentrations of PBDEs (classical FRs) are still higher than concentrations of hexabromocyclododecane (HBCD) and alternative FRs halogenated norbornenes (HNs), which are theoretically substitutes of the already banned PBDEs. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  15. Maintaining Civil Reserve Air Fleet Participation

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-02-22

    adoitional aircraft committed by the : art ;er. For example, if a carrier commits an aircraft to Stage 1. it is also included in Stages II and III. Carriers...35 9. :2nltea States aviation policy, both internaticnal ana comestic . snai be aesigned to strengthen the nation’s airlift cap-sility anz wnere...34Strategy and the Operational Level of War." The Operational Art of Warfare Across the Spectrum of Conflict. Carlisle Barracks. PA: Strategic Studies

  16. TEN YEARS OF PREOPERATIVE AUTOLOGOUS BLOOD DONA ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    David Ofori-Adjei

    2006-12-01

    Dec 1, 2006 ... blood for cardiopulmonary and orthopaedic opera- tions. Its introduction at the Accra Area Blood. Centre for Korle Bu Teaching Hospital patients was mainly for ... Normovolemic Haemodilution (ANH) in theatre on the day of surgery. ANH is essentially an an- aesthetic procedure that involves the removal of.

  17. Dia Internacional de la Dona 2007

    OpenAIRE

    Punt BIU

    2007-01-01

    Exposición conmemorativa del Día Internacional de la Mujer 2007 organizada por las Bibliotecas de la UA: Por ellas. Violencia de género. Por ellas. Mujeres escritoras. Mujeres y derecho. Mujer y educación. La mujer y la ciencia. La mujer y el mundo laboral. Mujeres en la arquitectura. Cine y mujer.

  18. Skaistumkopšanas industrija un tās uzņēmējdarbības īpatnības

    OpenAIRE

    Siliņa, Elīna

    2014-01-01

    Bakalaura darbs ir izstrādāts par tēmu „Skaistumkopšanas industrija un tās uzņēmējdarbības īpatnības”. Bakalaura darba mērķis- ir iegūt informāciju par skaistumkopšanas uzņēmējdarbību un tās šī brīža attīstību, par atšķirīgām tendencēm šajā uzņēmējdarbības jomā un mūsdienu nepieciešamību pēc skaistumkopšanas precēm un pakalpojumiem. Darbā ir aplūkota skaistumkopšanas vēsture, skaistumkopšanas industrija un klasifikācija, nozares attīstības tendences, nodokļi, darbaspēks un tā kvalifik...

  19. Pielāgojama norēķinu sistēma mākoņskaitļošanas pakalpojumiem

    OpenAIRE

    Surženko, Dmitrijs

    2013-01-01

    Šajā darbā apskatīts mākoņskaitļošanas jēdziens un mākoņskaitļošanas mākoņu veidi un to funkcionālā klasifikācija. Apskatīti norēķinu sistēmas pamati balstoties uz telekomunikāciju norēķinu sistēmas pamatiem. Aprakstīta uzņēmuma N mākoņa pārvaldības infrastruktūra. Definētas mākoņskaitļošanas brokera prasības uz uzņēmuma N piemēra. Veikts vairāku mākoņskaitļošanas pakalpojumu norēķinu sistēmas apskats un aprakstīta to atbilstība pielāgojamai norēķinu sistēmai un mākoņskaitļošanas brokera pras...

  20. Iteratīvi izstrādājamās programmatūras testēšanas ekonomika

    OpenAIRE

    Vaisfelds, Leonīds

    2009-01-01

    Maģistra darbs „Iteratīvi izstrādājamās programmatūras testēšanas ekonomika” ir veltīts testēšanas procesam iteratīvās izstrādes metodes ietvaros. Galvenā problēma, kam tiek veltīts darbs, ir iteratīvās testēšanas stratēģijas izvēle un izmaksu optimizācija, kuras ietvaros primāri tiek analizēta manuālās un automatizētās testēšanas specifika. Darba teorētiskajā daļā ir analizēta iteratīvās izstrādes un iteratīvās testēšanas būtība un to aspekti. Rezultāti demonstrē iteratīvās izstrādes u...

  1. Sapņi un sapņošana Homēra eposos: funkcionālais aspekts

    OpenAIRE

    Skrauča, Zane

    2016-01-01

    Bakalaura darba tēma ir Sapņi un sapņošana Homēra eposos: funkcionālais aspekts. Darba mērķis ir pētīt sapņu un sapņošanas funkcionālo aspektu Homēra eposos Īliada un Odiseja. Mērķa sasniegšanai tika izpētīta zinātniskā literatūra par Homēra eposiem, antīko episko stilu un sapņu un sapņošanas nozīmi antīkajā literatūrā. Tika atlasīti sapņi Homēra eposos un sadalīti pa funkcijām – nākotnes paredzējuma funkcija, mudināšanas funkcija un maldināšanas funkcija. Tika izpētīti tēli sapņos un to noz...

  2. Daudzkanālu skaņas formātu izplatība un testēšanas rīki

    OpenAIRE

    Brēmers, Ronalds

    2014-01-01

    Mūsdienās mājas lietotāju vidū, stereo sistēmas tiek izmantotas visbiežāk, ko var secināt gan no statistikas par daudzkanālu audio formātu izplatību, kā arī paša pieredzes un tā, ka stereo sistēmas uzstādīšana un izmantošana prasa mazāk pūļu un resursus. Par spīti tam, filmu un mūzikas pilnai baudīšanai daudzi izvēlas tieši 5.1 vai 7.1 audio sistēmas konfigurāciju, kurām ir savi trūkumi, kā pareizas uzstādīšanas un konfigurēšanas problēmas, tā arī, galvenokārt, legāla satura iegūšanas grūtība...

  3. Germination of hyphal bodies of Pythium spiculum isolated from declining cork oaks at Doñana National Park (Spain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    PAOLO DE VITA

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Pythium spiculum, a recently described new taxon, has been isolated from declining cork oaks (Quercus suber L. at Doñana National Park (south-western Spain. The microorganism can infect and cause root disease in Quercus, but currently it is unknown whether its hyphal bodies can germinate and infect host trees. These hyphal bodies, regardless of shape, have been shown to be able to germinate, producing long germ tubes, sometimes ramified. Zoospore production was not recorded, but hyphal bodies are potential host infective structures in dry soil conditions.

  4. CARLOS, Ana Fani A. A condição espacial. São Paulo: Contexto, 2011. 157 p.

    OpenAIRE

    Luiz Gustavo Leonel dos Reis

    2012-01-01

    O livro “A Condição Espacial”, de Ana Fani Alessandri Carlos, atualiza a discussão sobre a produção do espaço como categoria indispensável do conhecimento geográfico e enquanto realidade concreta articulada ao movimento de reprodução da sociedade. A autora defende a tese de que o espaço é uma realidade prática que se constitui no decorrer da história da humanidade enquanto o “condição, meio e produto da reprodução social”

  5. CARLOS, Ana Fani A. A condição espacial. São Paulo: Contexto, 2011. 157 p.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz Gustavo Leonel dos Reis

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available O livro “A Condição Espacial”, de Ana Fani Alessandri Carlos, atualiza a discussão sobre a produção do espaço como categoria indispensável do conhecimento geográfico e enquanto realidade concreta articulada ao movimento de reprodução da sociedade. A autora defende a tese de que o espaço é uma realidade prática que se constitui no decorrer da história da humanidade enquanto o “condição, meio e produto da reprodução social”

  6. Klientu attiecību pārvaldes sistēmas ieviešana IT uzņēmumā un pielāgošana tā biznesa vajadzībām

    OpenAIRE

    Šmitenbergs, Oskars

    2006-01-01

    Bakalaura darbs „Klientu attiecību pārvaldes sistēmas ieviešana IT uzņēmumā un pielāgošana tā biznesa vajadzībām” ir sistēmas Microsoft Dynamics™ CRM 3.0 ieviešanas procesa apraksts IT uzņēmumā SIA „UNITREE”. Darbs sniedz ieskatu sistēmas ieviešanas nepieciešamības cēloņos vidēja lieluma un lielos uzņēmumos. Kā viena no problēmu cēloņu novēršanas iespējām tiek piedāvāta Microsoft Dynamics™ CRM 3.0 ieviešana uzņēmumā, tāpēc darbā galvenokārt tiek apskatīta biznesa pārvaldības iespējas, izmanto...

  7. Gênese do serviço de enfermagem do Hospital Federal de Bonsucesso: contribuição da escola Ana Néri Génesis del servicio de enfermería en el Hospital Federal de Bonsucesso: contribución de la Escuela Ana Neri Genesis of nursing service in Hospital Federal Bonsucesso: contribution of Ana Neri School

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Camila Pureza Guimarães Silva

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available O objeto deste estudo é a implantação do Serviço de Enfermagem no Hospital do Instituto de Aposentadoria e Pensões dos Empregados em Transportes e Cargas, atual Hospital Federal de Bonsucesso, no período 1946-1948. Seu objetivo é discutir a participação da Escola Ana Néri nesse processo. Fontes primárias: documentos escritos e depoimentos orais. Fontes secundárias: bibliografias acerca da temática. A abordagem teórico-metodológica apoiou-se em conceitos dos sociólogos Pierre Bourdieu e Maria Cecília Minayo. Evidenciou-se que a contribuição da Escola Ana Néri além de ter sido decisiva para o sucesso da implantação do Serviço de Enfermagem no Hospital do Instituto de Aposentadoria e Pensões dos Empregados em Transportes e Cargas também contribuiu para reforçar sua posição no espaço hospitalar da capital federal no governo Dutra.El objeto de este estudio es la implementación del Servicio de Enfermería en el Hospital del Instituto de Aposentadoria e Pensões dos Empregados em Transportes e Cargas, actual Hospital Federal de Bonsucesso, en el periodo 1946-1948. Su objetivo es discutir la participación de la Escuela Ana Neri en ese proceso. Fuentes primarias: documentos escritos y testimonios orales. Las fuentes secundarias: bibliografías sobre el tema. Los enfoques teóricos y metodológicos se basaron en los conceptos de los sociólogos Pierre Bourdieu y María Cecilia Minayo. Era evidente que la contribución de la Escuela Ana Neri, además de decisiva para la exitosa implementación del Servicio de Enfermería en el Hospital del Instituto de Aposentadoria e Pensões dos Empregados em Transportes e Cargas también contribuyó para fortalecer su posición en el espacio hospitalario de la Capital Federal en el Gobierno Dutra.The object of this study is the implementation of the Nursing Service at the Hospital of the Institute of Retirement and Pension Employee Transport and Cargo current Federal Bonsucesso Hospital

  8. Blood lead exposure concentrations in mottled ducks (Anas fulvigula) on the upper Texas coast

    Science.gov (United States)

    McDowell, Stephen K.; Conway, Warren C.; Haukos, David A.; Moon, Jena A.; Comer, Christopher E.; Hung, I-Kuai

    2015-01-01

    The mottled duck (Anas fulvigula) is a non-migratory waterfowl species dependent upon coastal marsh systems, including those on the Texas Chenier Plain National Wildlife Refuge (NWR) Complex, and considered a regional indicator species of marsh habitat quality. Research from the early 1970s, 1990s, and early-2000s indicated that mottled ducks continued to exhibit elevated wing-bone lead (Pb) concentrations, decades after implementation of non-toxic shot regulations. However, wing-bone concentrations reflect lifetime accumulation of Pb, whereas blood Pb concentrations reflect more recent exposure. To identify current potentially relevant temporal windows of Pb exposure, we collected 260 blood samples from mottled ducks during summer (n=124) and winter (n=136) from 2010–2012 on the Texas Chenier Plain NWR Complex. We quantified baseline blood Pb concentrations for all ages of mottled ducks, and hypothesized that blood lead concentrations would remain elevated above background levels (200 µg L–1) despite the 1983 and 1991 lead shot bans. Blood Pb concentrations ranged from below detection limits to >12,000 µg L–1, where >200 µg L–1 was associated with exposure levels above background concentrations. Male mottled ducks had the greatest blood Pb concentrations (30 times greater than females) with concentrations greater during winter than summer. Likewise, the proportion of exposed (>200 µg L–1) females increased from 14%–47% from summer to winter, respectively. Regardless of sex, adult mottled duck blood Pb concentrations were five times greater than juveniles, particularly during winter. We identified five plausible models that influenced blood Pb levels where year, site, and interactions among age*sex*season and between age*season were included in the top-ranked models. Frequency of exposure was greatest during winter, increasing from 12% in summer to 55% in winter, indicating that a temporal exposure window to environmental Pb exists between nesting

  9. Toxicity and hazard of vanadium to mallard ducks (Anas platyrhynchos) and Canada geese (Branta canadensis)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rattner, Barnett A.; McKernan, Moira A.; Eisenreich, Karen M.; Link, William A.; Olsen, Glenn H.; Hoffman, David J.; Knowles, K.A.; McGowan, Peter C.

    2006-01-01

    A recent Canada goose (Branta canadensis) die-off at a petroleum refinery fly ash pond in Delaware was attributed to vanadium (V) toxicity. Because of the paucity of V toxicity data for wild birds, a series of studies was undertaken using the forms of V believed to have resulted in this incident. In 7-d single oral dose trials with mallard drakes (Anas platyrhynchos), the estimated median lethal dose (LD50) for vanadium pentoxide was 113 mg/kg body weight, while the LD50 for sodium metavanadate was 75.5 mg/kg. Sodium metavanadate was found to be even more potent (LD50 = 37.2 mg/kg) in male Canada geese. The most distinctive histopathological lesion of both forms of V was lympho-granulocytic enteritis with hemorrhage into the intestinal lumen. Vanadium accumulation in liver and kidney was proportional to the administered dose, and predictive analyses based on these data suggest that V concentrations of 10 μg/g dry weight (dw) in liver and 25 μg/g dw in kidney are associated with mortality (>90% confidence that exposure is >LD50) in mallards acutely exposed to sodium metavanadate. Chronic exposure to increasing dietary concentrations of sodium metavanadate (38.5 to 2651 ppm) over 67 d resulted in V accumulation in liver and kidney (25.2 and 13.6 μg/g dw, respectively), mild intestinal hemorrhage, blood chemistry changes, and evidence of hepatic oxidative stress in mallards, although some of these responses may have been confounded by food avoidance and weight loss. Dietary exposure of mallards to 250 ppm sodium metavanadate for 4 wk resulted in modest accumulation of V in liver and kidney (<5 μg/g dw) and mild intestinal hemorrhage. Based on these data and other observations, it is unlikely that chronic low-level dietary exposure to V poses a direct lethal hazard to wildlife. However, point sources, such as the V-laden fly ash pond encountered by geese at the petroleum refinery in Delaware, may pose a significant hazard to water birds.

  10. Cranial joint histology in the mallard duck (Anas platyrhynchos): new insights on avian cranial kinesis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bailleul, Alida M; Witmer, Lawrence M; Holliday, Casey M

    2017-03-01

    The evolution of avian cranial kinesis is a phenomenon in part responsible for the remarkable diversity of avian feeding adaptations observable today. Although osteological, developmental and behavioral features of the feeding system are frequently studied, comparatively little is known about cranial joint skeletal tissue composition and morphology from a microscopic perspective. These data are key to understanding the developmental, biomechanical and evolutionary underpinnings of kinesis. Therefore, here we investigated joint microstructure in juvenile and adult mallard ducks (Anas platyrhynchos; Anseriformes). Ducks belong to a diverse clade of galloanseriform birds, have derived adaptations for herbivory and kinesis, and are model organisms in developmental biology. Thus, new insights into their cranial functional morphology will refine our understanding of avian cranial evolution. A total of five specimens (two ducklings and three adults) were histologically sampled, and two additional specimens (a duckling and an adult) were subjected to micro-computed tomographic scanning. Five intracranial joints were sampled: the jaw joint (quadrate-articular); otic joint (quadrate-squamosal); palatobasal joint (parasphenoid-pterygoid); the mandibular symphysis (dentary-dentary); and the craniofacial hinge (a complex flexion zone involving four different pairs of skeletal elements). In both the ducklings and adults, the jaw, otic and palatobasal joints are all synovial, with a synovial cavity and articular cartilage on each surface (i.e. bichondral joints) ensheathed in a fibrous capsule. The craniofacial hinge begins as an ensemble of patent sutures in the duckling, but in the adult it becomes more complex: laterally it is synovial; whereas medially, it is synostosed by a bridge of chondroid bone. We hypothesize that it is chondroid bone that provides some of the flexible properties of this joint. The heavily innervated mandibular symphysis is already fused in the

  11. Histomorphological study of the parathyroid gland in female Kuttanad ducks (Anas platyrhynchos domesticus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Firdous Ahmad Dar

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Aim: The present work was targeted to form the baseline data of normal morphological and histological picture of parathyroid gland in female Kuttanad ducks.Materials and Methods: A Histomorphological study of the parathyroid gland was carried out in twelve adult female Kuttanad ducks (Anas platyrhynchos domesticus of 20 weeks of age. Birds reared semintensively were procured from Kerala Veterinary and Animal Sciences University Poultry and Duck Farm and sacrificed humanely. Glands were collected and gross parameters were recorded. The glands were fixed in 10 percent neutral buffered formalin. The small sized glands were processed as such by routine histological methods, paraffin blocks were prepared and sectioned to a thickness of 5µ. The tissues were stained by Haematoxylin and Eosin (H&E for routine histological studies and Gomori's rapid one step trichrome method for connective tissue fibres. Micrometric parameters were recorded using ocular micrometer. Results: Parathyroid glands in Kuttanad ducks lay just caudal to the division of the innominate artery into the subclavian and common carotid arteries. Parathyroids were oval to spherical in shape, yellow in colour and smaller than thyroid gland of the representative sides. The arterial blood supply was from common carotid artery and blood from gland was drained directly into jugular vein. Although it lied close to the thyroid, thymus and ultimobranchial gland, parathyroid tissue did not merge to any of the above mentioned three glands. Parenchyma was composed irregular anatomizing cords of cells supplied by connective tissue stroma penetrated by blood capillaries. Parenchyma was predominantly made of lightly stained cell, the chief cell. The nuclei were round and contain one or two nucleoli. Oxyphil cells present in parathyroid glands of other mammals were not seen in the present study. Conclusion: Histomorphological features or characteristics of Parathyroid gland in Kuttanad duck were

  12. Personāla vadīšana uzņēmumā SIA „X”

    OpenAIRE

    Kličovs, Andrejs

    2007-01-01

    Dotā bakalaura tēma ir „Personāla vadīšana uzņēmumā SIA „X””. Uzņēmuma darbības veids ir izklaides centrs ar boulingu, bāru un biljardu. Darba mērķis ir izanalizēt uzņēmuma personāla vadību un izpetīt personāla vadības pamatprocesus. Bakalaura darbs sastav no trijām nodaļām Pirmā darba daļa sniedz darba teorētisko pamatojumu, dod skaidrojumu darbā pētītiem faktoriem, kā arī sniedz nelielu ieskatu personāla vadīšanas tendencēs Latvijā, Eiropā un pasaulē. Otrā daļa sastāv no uzņēmuma ...

  13. Riska mēra novērtēšanas metodes vērtspapīru portfelim

    OpenAIRE

    Kuzmova, Kristīna

    2013-01-01

    Ar finanšu operāciju internacionalizācijas attīstību, valūtu tirgus ir stipri mainījies un kļuvis konkurējošāks un nestabilāks. Darbs izpēta riska prognozēšanas problēmu no Riska mēra (Value-at-Risk, VaR) skatupunkta un iepazīstina ar tā novērtēšanas metodēm. VaR metodoloģija tiek pielietota finanšu iestādēs ar mērķi noteikt nepieciešamo naudas summu riska rezervēm. Praktiskiem aprēķiniem tika pielietota vēsturisko simulāciju, delta-normāla, GARCH un EWMA metodes. Vēsturisko simulāciju me...

  14. Darba organizācijas pilnveidošana nelielā IT uzņēmumā

    OpenAIRE

    Kočetkovs, Valērijs

    2010-01-01

    Darbs veltīts neliela IT uzņēmuma vadības un, detalizētāk, vienas no vadības funkciju – darba organizācijas pilnveidošanas – izpētei. Darba organizācijas pilnveidošanas process tiek apskatīts, par piemēru ņemot vienu konkrētu uzņēmumu. Lai to panāktu, tiek izpētīts vispārīgais neliela IT uzņēmuma konteksts un izceltas konteksta īpašības, kuras vadībai jāņem vērā, kā arī tiek apskatītas vadības metodoloģijas, tehnikas un rīki. Darba ietvaros tiek apskatītas divas atšķirīgas pieejas: tradici...

  15. Gaisma un krāsa sabiedriskās ēdināšanas telpās

    OpenAIRE

    Cvetkova, Diāna

    2015-01-01

    Diplomdarbā „Gaisma un krāsa sabiedriskās ēdināšanas telpās” autore analizē informāciju par apgaismojuma un krāsas lomām sabiedriskās ēdināšanas telpās. Labākam priekšstatam autore detāli apraksta to, kā apgaismojums un krāsa var izmainīt telpu un ietekmēt cilvēka psiholoģisko stāvokli un noskaņojumu, kā arī, kā noteiktas krasas apgaismojums var izmainīt ēdiena krāsu, tādējādi ietekmējot mūsu ēstgribu. Empiriskā daļā autore analizē interjerus kafejnīcās unrestorānos, kas atrodas Rīgas pi...

  16. Tissue, age, and sex distribution of thallium in shrews from Doñana, a protected area in SW Spain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sánchez-Chardi, Alejandro

    2007-09-20

    In 1998, the protected area of Doñana, an important natural region in SW Europe, was affected with great amount of acidic waters and sludge from a pyrite mine loaded with toxic metals such as thallium (Tl). Since this ecological catastrophe, several studies have addressed the effects of this pollution on the flora and fauna in this protected area. However, in contrast to other non-essential metals, scarce information on Tl was available after this disaster, especially in terrestrial environments. This study reported a 3- and 10-fold increase in Tl in liver and kidneys, respectively, of the greater white-toothed shrew, Crocidura russula, in the polluted site in comparison with reference animals. Kidneys showed the highest concentrations of this metal in the polluted site, whereas both organs analysed have similar concentrations in the reference site. Although no significant age-dependent variation was found, adults had higher concentrations than juveniles. Moreover, females showed higher concentrations than males. These results demonstrate the high entrance and transfer of Tl in terrestrial food-chains. To the best of my knowledge, these data constitute the first measurements of Tl in mammals from the protected area of Doñana and are among the few available for insectivorous mammals.

  17. Mazā uzņēmuma IT infrastruktūras veidošana

    OpenAIRE

    Ņikiforova, Anastasija

    2015-01-01

    Kvalifikācijas darbā "Mazā uzņēmuma IT infrastruktūras veidošana" ir dokumentēta tīkla veidošana mazajam uzņēmumam pēc uzņēmuma vadības prasībām. Tika izmantots uzņēmuma serveris, kurš bija jāizpēta, lai noskaidrotu, kas ir nepieciešams uzlabot, lai tas varētu produktīvi un efektīvi strādāt, pildot visus uzdevumus. Tika izvēlēts virtualizācijas risinājums, lai uz viena fiziskā servera vienlaikus darbinātu vairākas virtuālās sistēmas, starp tām sadalot pieejamos resursus, kā arī, lai admin...

  18. Banat-Crişana as Micro-destination – Elements of Tourism Image and Tourism Identity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marilena STOIAN

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Geographical regions, according to some authors, are defined and delimited by criteria that vary from one geographical school to another. These criteria may be: scenic, functional, political-administrative, mental etc. (processed after Cocean cited in Neguţ, 2011, p. 157. They also can be combined according to the objectives/strategies that are elaborated for each branch of the economy: industry, agriculture, tourism, etc. In this regard, from tourism point of view, the region of Banat-Crişana was taken into consideration, that includes the following counties: Caraş-Severin, Timiş, Arad and Bihor. Due to the many land and air border points, it represents the first contact with the tourists coming from the West, with other words “its visiting card… crucial in formulating the first impressions regarding Romania” (Cocean, 2010, p. 201. The presented research aims to highlight the role of the image of the region of Banat-Crişana in building its own brand, by identifying its main tourist attractions and forms of tourism.

  19. iTRAQ analysis of hepatic proteins in free-living Mus spretus mice to assess the contamination status of areas surrounding Doñana National Park (SW Spain)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Abril, Nieves; Chicano-Gálvez, Eduardo; Michán, Carmen; Pueyo, Carmen; López-Barea, Juan, E-mail: bb1lobaj@uco.es

    2015-08-01

    This work aims to develop and integrate new -omics tools that would be applicable to different ecosystem types for a technological updating of environmental evaluations. We used a 2nd-generation (iTRAQ-8plex) proteomic approach to identify/quantify proteins differentially expressed in the liver of free-living Mus spretus mice from Doñana National Park or its proximities. Mass spectrometry was performed in an LTQ Orbitrap system for iTRAQ reporter ion quantitation and protein identification using a Mus musculus database as reference. A prior IEF step improved the separation of the complex peptide mixture. Over 2000 identified proteins were altered, of which 118 changed by ≥ 2.5-fold in mice from at least two problem sites. Part of the results obtained with the iTRAQ analysis was confirmed by Western blot. Over 75% of the 118 proteins were upregulated in animals captured at polluted sites and only 16 proteins were downregulated. Upregulated proteins were involved in stress response; cell proliferation and apoptosis; signal transduction; metastasis or tumour suppression; xenobiotic export or vesicular trafficking; and metabolism. The downregulated proteins, all potentially harmful, were classified as oncoproteins and proteins favouring genome instability. The iTRAQ results presented here demonstrated that the survival of hepatic cells is compromised in animals living at polluted sites, which showed deep alterations in metabolism and the signalling pathways. The identified proteins may be useful as biomarkers of environmental pollution and provide insight about the metabolic pathways and/or physiological processes affected by pollutants in DNP and its surrounding areas. - Highlights: • iTRAQ quantitation was used for the first time to monitor a wildlife reserve • Over 2,000 proteins with altered expression were identified in problem Doñana sites • Of them, 118 changed over 2.5-fold in, at least, two problem sites • Upregulation of protective proteins

  20. The inter-observer reading variability in anti-nuclear antibodies indirect (ANA) immunofluorescence test: A multicenter evaluation and a review of the literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rigon, A; Infantino, M; Merone, M; Iannello, G; Tincani, A; Cavazzana, I; Carabellese, N; Radice, A; Manfredi, M; Soda, P; Afeltra, A

    2017-12-01

    Recently there has been an increase demand for Computer-Aided Diagnosis (CAD) tools to support clinicians in the field of Indirect ImmunoFluorescence (IIF), as the novel digital imaging reading approach can help to overcome the reader subjectivity. Nevertheless, a large multicenter evaluation of the inter-observer reading variability in this field is still missing. This work fills this gap as we evaluated 556 consecutive samples, for a total of 1679 images, collected in three laboratories with IIF expertise using HEp-2 cell substrate (MBL) at 1:80 screening dilution according to conventional procedures. In each laboratory, the images were blindly classified by two experts into three intensity classes: positive, negative, and weak positive. Positive and weak positive ANA-IIF results were categorized by the predominant fluorescence pattern among six main classes. Data were pairwise analyzed and the inter-observer reading variability was measured by Cohen's kappa test, revealing a pairwise agreement little further away than substantial both for fluorescence intensity and for staining pattern recognition (k=0.602 and k=0.627, respectively). We also noticed that the inter-observer reading variability decreases when it is measured with respect to a gold standard classification computed on the basis of labels assigned by the three laboratories. These data show that laboratory agreement improves using digital images and comparing each single human evaluation to potential reference data, suggesting that a solid gold standard is essential to properly make use of CAD systems in routine work lab. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  1. Fractional Reserve in Banking System

    OpenAIRE

    Valkonen, Maria

    2016-01-01

    This thesis is aimed to provide understanding of the role of the fractional reserve in the mod-ern banking system worldwide and particularly in Finland. The fractional reserve banking is used worldwide, but the benefits of this system are very disputable. On the one hand, experts say that the fractional reserve is a necessary instrument for the normal business and profit making. On the other hand, sceptics openly criticize the fractional reserve system and blame it for fiat money (money n...

  2. Effects of Wastewater Discharges on Endocrine and Reproductive Function of Western Mosquitofish (Gambusia spp.) and Implications for the Threatened Santa Ana Sucker (Catostomus santaanae)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jenkins, Jill A.; Goodbred, Steven L.; Olivier, Heather M.; Draugelis-Dale, Rassa O.; Alvarez, David A.

    2009-01-01

    The Santa Ana River (SAR) in southern California is impacted by effluents from wastewater treatment plants (WWTP), which are sources of organic wastewater compounds (OWCs) and urban runoff. The Santa Ana River is one of only three river basins supporting native populations of the federally listed Santa Ana sucker (Catostomus santaanae) at the time the fish was included on the list 2000. In 2004 and 2005, a U.S. Geological Survey and U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service study was undertaken to determine if the threatened Santa Ana sucker was potentially exposed to OWCs and endocrine disrupting compounds (EDCs) in the SAR by using the western mosquitofish (Gambusia affinis) as a surrogate fish model. Four Santa Ana River sites were chosen along a gradient of proximity to WWTP effluents: (1) a point source of tertiary treated wastewater effluent (TTWE), (2) Rialto Drain (just below a WWTP), (3) Prado Dam (11 kilometers [km] below WWTPs), and (4) Sunnyslope Creek (no WWTP but having urban runoff influence). A reference site having no WWTPs or urban runoff, Thousand Palms, was also sampled. Chemical analyses of passive sampler extracts results showed that 15 OWCs and EDCs were detected in water from the Santa Ana River sites. Many of these compounds contributed to activity from an estrogenic in-vitro assay that showed a significant potential for impacting endocrine and reproductive systems compared to the 25 organochlorine compounds detected in aquatic biota. The site showing compounds having highest influence on sex steroid hormone activities was the point source for TTWE. Sex steroid hormone levels, secondary sex characteristics, organosomatic indices, and sperm quality parameters indicated impairment of endocrine and reproductive function of male western mosquitofish in the Santa Ana River. Exposure to EDCs and consequent impairment in mosquitofish followed the gradient of proximity to WWTP effluents, where the most significant effects were found at TTWE point source and

  3. Biosphere reserves: Attributes for success.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Cuong, Chu; Dart, Peter; Hockings, Marc

    2017-03-01

    Biosphere reserves established under the UNESCO Man and the Biosphere Program aim to harmonise biodiversity conservation and sustainable development. Concerns over the extent to which the reserve network was living up to this ideal led to the development of a new strategy in 1995 (the Seville Strategy) to enhance the operation of the network of reserves. An evaluation of effectiveness of management of the biosphere reserve network was called for as part of this strategy. Expert opinion was assembled through a Delphi Process to identify successful and less successful reserves and investigate common factors influencing success or failure. Ninety biosphere reserves including sixty successful and thirty less successful reserves in 42 countries across all five Man and the Biosphere Program regions were identified. Most successful sites are the post-Seville generation while the majority of unsuccessful sites are pre-Seville that are managed as national parks and have not been amended to conform to the characteristics that are meant to define a biosphere reserve. Stakeholder participation and collaboration, governance, finance and resources, management, and awareness and communication are the most influential factors in the success or failure of the biosphere reserves. For success, the biosphere reserve concept needs to be clearly understood and applied through landscape zoning. Designated reserves then need a management system with inclusive good governance, strong participation and collaboration, adequate finance and human resource allocation and stable and responsible management and implementation. All rather obvious but it is difficult to achieve without commitment to the biosphere reserve concept by the governance authorities. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  4. Initial Analysis of Inner Crater Eruptive Deposits and Modeling of the 2005 Eruption of Ilamatepec (Santa Ana) Volcano, El Salvador

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martinez-Hackert, B.; Bajo, J. V.; Escobar, D.; Gutierrez, E.

    2011-12-01

    The October 1st, 2005 eruption of Ilamatepec Volcano, also known as Santa Ana Volcano in El Salvador, Central America, was a relatively small phreatic possibly phreatomagmatic eruption that generated an approximately 10km high ash column, with a volume of 1.5 million cubic meters. It generated small pyroclastic density currents, and shortly after the eruption a hot lahar. All of these volcanic products present grat danger to the surrounding population and the surrounding fertile lands growing coffe and sugar cane, the major export products. To better understand the eruptive behavior of this active composite volcano, older deposits need to be studied. An initial analysis of the inner crater eruptive deposits was undertaken in 2011. The many layers that can be seen within the crater suggest that Santa Ana volcano alternates its eruptions from phreatic to phreatomagmatic to magmatic, back to phreatomagmatic to phreatic with a period of rest in between. The last magmatic eruption of the Santa Ana Volcano took place in 1904. There are some historical records of it, and the scoracious materials and lava flows can still be well traced on the flanks and the crater of Ilamatepec, while the 2005 eruption has been eroded away in most areas of the flanks. Observations and data collected in 2005 and 2011 indicate that pyroclastic density currents went not only to the Southeastern flanks of the volcano, but also towards the Northwestern flanks, an area behind the highest rim of the volcano. Deposits up to 0.5 m were found in 2011, after significant erosion already had taken place. We present here the partial stratigraphic column taken within the inner crater walls that indicate alternating eruption styles from eruptions well pre-1904, with radiocarbon dating pending. Additionally, we show the results of the modeling of pyroclastic deposits, and lahars using Titan2D on DEMs extracted from the only topographic map (pre-1980) which has a 10 m resolution of the volcano, and a DEM

  5. La Calle y Mañana: Las trayectorias divergentes de dos revistas políticas ecuatorianas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hernán Ibarra

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available English abstract: La Calle and Mañana: The divergent trajectories of two Ecuadorian political magazinesThe defunct magazines La Calle y Mañana played a major role in defining the political space from the mid-fifties to the early seventies of the twentieth century in Ecuador. The position taken and their integration into the political arena was such that these magazines had a clear identification within the limits of what wa considered left and right; and furthermore they had an impact on defining these political orientations. This article discusses the political contexts in which these publications came and went, their orientations and conflicts. Attention is given to the role played by Alejandro Carrión and Pedro Jorge Vera, intellectuals who promoted these magazines. The trajectories of the two publicaions demonstrate the conditions that they imposed on the cycles of Ecuadorian politics.Resumen:Las desaparecidas revistas La Calle y Mañana cumplieron un papel destacado en la definición del espacio político entre mediados de la década del cincuenta y comienzos de la década del setenta del siglo XX en el Ecuador. La toma de posición y su inserción en el espacio político, hacía que estas revistas tuvieran una clara identificación en los límites de lo que era considerado izquierda y derecha; y, además incidieron en definir esas orientaciones políticas. En este artículo se analizan los contextos políticos en los que estas publicaciones surgieron y desaparecieron, sus orientaciones y conflictos. Se presta atención a la función desempeñada por Ale-jandro Carrión y Pedro Jorge Vera, los intelectuales que animaron estas revistas. Las trayectorias de las dos publicaciones evidencian los condicionamientos que impusieron los ciclos de la política ecuatoriana.

  6. Nuclear, uranium, reserves, sustainability, independence; Nucleaire, Uranium, reserves, durabilite, independance

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Acket, C

    2007-06-15

    In order to evaluate the energy independence concerning the nuclear energy, the author takes the state of the art about the uranium. He details the fuel needs, the reserves on the base of the today available techniques, the reserves on the base of the future techniques and concludes positively on the energy independence for the nuclear. (A.L.B.)

  7. PENERAPAN PULSED ELECTRIC FIELD PADA PASTEURISASI SARI BUAH APEL VARIETAS ANA: KAJIAN KARAKTERISTIK NILAI GIZI, SIFAT FISIK, SIFAT KIMIAWI DAN MIKROBIA TOTAL Application of Pulsed Electric Field in Pasteurization of Apple Juice of Ana Cultivar : Study on

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    La Choviya Hawa

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Apple juice, extracted from apple of ana cultivar , was pasteurized using a pulsed electric field (PEF method. The aimof this research was to analyze the changes on nutritional, physical and chemical properties and total microbes from apple juice after pasteurization. The research was conducted from July until Oktober 2009 located in Malang. The PEF treatment was carried out using treatment time variation for 10, 20, 30, 40, 50 and 60 seconds. Several parameters of vitamin A and C, water content, density, pH, total soluable solid and total microbes were observed. The results showed that PEF treatment did not significantly change nutritional, physical and chemical properties and total microbes after pasteurization with PEF in compared with no treatment pasteurization. The highest degradation was found in treatment time for 60 seconds, i.e. 93.53 %. ABSTRAK Sari buah apel, yang diekstrak dari apel varietas ana, dipasteurisasi dengan metode pulsed electric field (PEF. Tujuanpenelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui perubahan karakteristik nilai gizi, sifat fisik, kimiawi dan total mikrobia sari buah apel sesudah dipasteurisasi. Penelitian dilaksanakan bulan Juli sampai dengan Oktober 2009 di Malang. Penelitian ini menggunakan variasi waktu pengolahan 10, 20, 30, 40, 50 dan 60 detik. Parameter pengamatan yaitu vitamin A dan C, kadar air, berat jenis, pH, total padatan terlarut dan total mikrobia. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa nilai gizi, sifat fisik dan kimiawi dari sari apel  tidak mengalami perubahan signifikan dibandingkan sari apel tanpa perlakuan PEF. Penurunan total mikrobia terbesar pada waktu perlakuan 60 detik dengan efektivitas pembunuhan sebesar 93,53%.

  8. Disease dynamics and bird migration-linking mallards Anas platyrhynchos and subtype diversity of the influenza a virus in time and space

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    G. Gunnarsson (Gunnar); N. Latorre-Margalef (Neus); K.A. Hobson (Keith); S.L. van Wilgenburg (Steven); J. Elmberg (Johan); B. Olsen (Björn); R.A.M. Fouchier (Ron); J. Waldenström (Jonas)

    2012-01-01

    textabstractThe mallard Anas platyrhynchos is a reservoir species for influenza A virus in the northern hemisphere, with particularly high prevalence rates prior to as well as during its prolonged autumn migration. It has been proposed that the virus is brought from the breeding grounds and

  9. The Experience of Bulimic College Students Who Use "Pro-Ana/Pro-Mia" Web Sites: A Two-Phase Mixed-Method Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davis, Blair J.

    2010-01-01

    Eating disorders (EDs) are a serious problem in the U.S. due to their rise in prevalence during the 20th century and high morbidity and mortality rates. A relatively new, controversial phenomenon, "pro-Ana" (pro-anorexia) and "pro-Mia" (pro-bulimia) Web sites, came to the public's attention around 2000. These sites are created by and for people…

  10. Sejas ādas kopšanas līdzekļi pusaudžu vecumā

    OpenAIRE

    Škute, Solvita

    2014-01-01

    Darbā tiek apskatīti pusaudži, kuri lieto sejas ādas kopšanas līdzekļus, lai novērstu sejas ādas problēmas. Tiek izklāstīts par sejas ādas slimībām, kā pareizi rīkoties un, kas jāievēro šādiem pacientiem. Uzmanība likta uz pacientiem, kuriem jau ir sejas ādas problēmas ilgāku laiku. Bakalaura darba tēma – "Sejas ādas kopšanas līdzekļi pusaudžu vecumā". Tēmas aktualitāti nosaka sejas ādas kopšanas līdzekļu efektivitāte. Darba mērķis ir noskaidrot jauniešu sejas ādas kopšanas līdzekļu pie...

  11. Risku vadības principu piemērošana valsts pārvaldē: Latvijas gadījuma izpēte

    OpenAIRE

    Vēvere, Marta

    2016-01-01

    Maģistra darbā „Risku vadības principu piemērošana valsts pārvaldē: Latvijas gadījuma izpēte” tika izvērtēta risku vadības izmantošana politikas plānošanas dokumentos un normatīvajos aktos, veikts riska inteliģences tests valsts pārvaldē strādājošajiem, kā arī notika intervija ar valsts pārvaldes ekspertu. Darbam tika izvirzīti izpētes jautājumi: “Kādos gadījumos risku vadība kā rīcībpolitikas uzlabošanas instruments tiek izmantots Latvijas valsts pārvaldē?” un „Kāds ir valsts pārvaldes iestā...

  12. Eripedagoogid ootavad poliitilisi otsuseid / Plado, Kaja; Karlep, Karl; Ostrat, Ain; Maila, Meelika; Binsol, Hene; Kontor, Ana; küsitlenud Martin Krõlov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Eripedagoogide vestlusringis osalevad: Tartu Ülikooli eripedagoogika osakonna juhataja Kaja Plado, emeriitdotsent pedagoogikadoktor Karl Karlep, Tartu Kroonuaia Kooli direktor Ain Ostrat ja õppealajuhataja Meelike Maila, Tartu Hiie Kooli õppealajuhataja Hene Binsol ning Tartu Nõustamis- ja õpiabi keskuse juhataja Ana Kontor

  13. Konkurētspējas paaugstināšanas iespējas uzņēmumā SIA "Food Leaders"

    OpenAIRE

    Masterova, Olga

    2012-01-01

    Bakalaura darbs "Konkurētspējas paaugstināšanas iespējas uzņēmumā SIA "Food Leaders". Darba mērķis ir izpētīt uzņēmuma konkurētspēju un izstrādāt priekšlikumus tās attīstīšanai. Darbs sastāv no 3 daļām. Pirmā daļa ir veltīta konkurences un konkurētspējas teorētiskiem aspektiem: konkurences un konkurētspējas definīcijas, konkurētspējīgās priekšrocības radīšanas un attīstīšanas priekšnosacījumi un vērtēšanas metodes. Darba otrajā ir dots detalizēts uzņēmuma apraksts, pētīta nozares ...

  14. Pēcnāves masku veidošanas tradīcija Latvijas teritorijā (1919-2001)

    OpenAIRE

    Klabere, Līva

    2014-01-01

    Maģistra darba „Pēcnāves masku veidošanas tradīcija Latvijas teritorijā (1919.g. – 2001.g.)” mērķis ir izpētīt pēcnāves masku veidošanas tradīcijas izpausmes Latvijas teritorijā laika posmā no 1919. līdz 2001. gadam. Darbā apskatīta pēcnāves masku veidošanas vēsture pasaules kontekstā un tradīcijas izpausmes Latvijas teritorijā pētāmajā laika posmā – pēcnāves masku izgatavotāji, izgatavošanas tehnika un vizuālais noformējums, cilvēki, kuriem tikušas veidotas pēcnāves maskas. Pētījumā secināts...

  15. Objektorientēta pirmkoda vienībtestēšana ar MS Team Test ietvaru MS Visual Studio 2005 vidē

    OpenAIRE

    Sondore, Justīne

    2007-01-01

    Šī darba mērķis ir iepazīties ar vienībtestēšanu, tās vietu programatūras izstrādē un biežāk pielietotajām tehnikām, kā arī iepazīt un novērtēt Microsoft Team Test ietvara piedāvātās vienībtestēšanas iespējas Microsoft Visual Studio 2005 vidē. Tiek apskatītas objektorientēta pirmkoda vienībtestēšanas problēmas — vides sagatavošana testu darbināšanai, aizbāžņu pielietošana un to praktiska realizācija ar NMock ietvaru. Praktiski ir daļēji realizēti vienībtesti eksistējošā sistēmā TPAIS kā arī a...

  16. Personāla atlases un apmācības sistēmas pilnveidošana uzņēmumā "X"

    OpenAIRE

    Strode, Gunta

    2012-01-01

    Bakalaura darbā „Personāla atlases un apmācības sistēmas pilnveidošana uzņēmumā „X” ” tiek izskatīti un analizēti jautājumi par personāla atlases un apmācības procesu. Darbs sastāv no trim daļām. Pirmajā daļā tiek raksturoti personāla atlases mērķi un atlases organizēšanas kārtība. Otrajā daļā tiek raksturota personāla apmācības nozīme un organizēšanas nosacījumi. Trešajā daļā tiek pētīta personāla atlases un apmācības sistēmas pilnveidošana uzņēmumā „X”. Pamatojoties uz veiktajiem ...

  17. Vārdu krājuma apguve ar ekstensīvās lasīšanas palīdzību

    OpenAIRE

    Kezika, Jeļena

    2012-01-01

    Šī darba mērķis ir izpētīt un analizēt ekstensīvās lasīšanas ietekmes līmeni uz studentu vārdu krājumu, kā arī noteikt stratēģijas, kas var uzlabot lasīšanas izpratni untādējādi paplašināt studentu vārdu krājumu. Šī pētījuma teorētiskā daļa veltīta ekstensīvās un intensīvās lasīšanas teoriju, stratēģiju, vārdu krājuma jēdzienu un skolotāja lomas analīzei; aplūkotas arī problēmas, ar kurām studenti un skolotāji sastopas lasīšanas procesā. Empīriskajā daļā apkopoti nepieciešamie dati un izklāst...

  18. MediANA - interaktiivne tööriist kommunikatsioonijuhtidele / Akvilė Katilienė ; intervjueerinud Kaidi Balder, Vahur Orrin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Katilienė, Akvilė

    2013-01-01

    BNS-i grupi peaanalüütik Balti riikides Akvilė Katilienė selgitab intervjuus, kuidas aitab ETA Monitooringu interaktiivne kommunikatsioonijuhtimise ja analüüsi keskkond mediANA tõhustada kommunikatsioonijuhi tööd

  19. Edvarda de Bono radošās domāšanas metodes izmantošana uzņēmējspēju attīstīšanai sociālo zinību stundās 9.klasē

    OpenAIRE

    Šimens, Uldis Tomass

    2011-01-01

    Autors ir izstrādājis diplomdarbu „Edvarda de Bono radošās domāšanas metodes izmantošana uzņēmējspēju attīstīšanai sociālo zinību stundās 9. klasē”, kura mērķis - izpētīt 9. klašu skolēnu uzņēmējspēju attīstīšanas iespējas sociālo zinību stundās izmantojot Edvarda de Bono radošās domāšanas metodi. Darbā analizēta literatūra par uzņēmējspēju attīstīšanu, radošo domāšanu, E. de Bono radošās domāšanas metodi, kā arī sociālo zinību standartu un mācību paraugprogrammas satura analīze sociālajās zi...

  20. Psychiatric nursing teaching at the Ana Nery School in the first half of the 20th century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monique da Silva Carvalho

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to describe the teaching of psychiatric nursing at Ana Néri Nursing School (EAN, between 1925 and 1954. Methodology: Socio-historical research whose sources were written documents and the oral statement of an ex-professor. The documentary analysis technique was used for data treatment. Results: For 27 years, the EAN did not introduce students into the psychiatric field due to the mental illness stigma, offering only theoretical disciplines, which were taught by physicians. Later there were theoretical disciplines with practical training in the classroom, and then theoretical disciplines with practice in psychiatric hospitals, taught by nurses. In conclusion, the law 775/49 lead the EAN to qualify a professor and initiate the reformulation of the nursing care provided at the Institute of Psychiatry of the University of Brazil, so as to adjust it to serve as a practical field and a model for teaching psychiatric nursing in Brazil.

  1. Estimation des paramètres de modèles pour la digestion anaérobie

    OpenAIRE

    Martinez , Ricardo

    2003-01-01

    La finalité de ce travail a été d'estimer de la meilleure manière possible des paramètres de différents modèles sur la respiration anaérobie. Dans un premier temps nous présentons les bases qu'on utilise pour construire les modèles du procédé biochimique. Puis nous faisons une analyse qualitative des modèles les plus connus sur le sujet. Dans un deuxième temps nous avons suggéré différents modèles, afin de mieux estimer les paramètres du modèle initial. Nous avons mis au point un programme d'...

  2. Brief Communication: Synoptic-scale differences between Sundowner and Santa Ana wind regimes in the Santa Ynez Mountains, California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hatchett, Benjamin J.; Smith, Craig M.; Nauslar, Nicholas J.; Kaplan, Michael L.

    2018-02-01

    Downslope Sundowner winds in southern California's Santa Ynez Mountains favor wildfire growth. To explore differences between Sundowners and Santa Ana winds (SAWs), we use surface observations from 1979 to 2014 to develop a climatology of extreme Sundowner days. The climatology was compared to an existing SAW index from 1979 to 2012. Sundowner (SAW) occurrence peaks in late spring (winter). SAWs demonstrate amplified 500 hPa geopotential heights over western North America and anomalous positive inland mean sea-level pressures. Sundowner-only conditions display zonal 500 hPa flow and negative inland sea-level pressure anomalies. A low-level northerly coastal jet is present during Sundowners but not SAWs.

  3. RASCAL [Radiological Assessment System for Consequence AnaLysis]: A screening model for estimating doses from radiological accidents

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sjoreen, A.L.; Athey, G.F.; Sakenas, C.A.; McKenna, T.J.

    1988-01-01

    The Radiological Assessment System for Consequence AnaLysis (RASCAL) is a new MS-DOS-based dose assessment model which has been written for the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission for use during response to radiological emergencies. RASCAL is designed to provide crude estimates of the effects of an accident while the accident is in progress and only limited information is available. It has been designed to be very simple to use and to run quickly. RASCAL is unique in that it estimates the source term based on fundamental plant conditions and does not rely solely on release rate estimation (e.g., Ci/sec of I-131). Therefore, it can estimate consequences of accidents involving unmonitored pathways or projected failures. RASCAL will replace the older model, IRDAM. 6 refs

  4. Representações da violência em A guerra dos bastardos, de Ana Paula Maia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena Losada Soler

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available La novela A Guerra dos Bastardos, de Ana Paula Maia presenta un denso cuadro de violencias ficcionales. El hecho de su autoría femenina es relevante para nuestro análisis. Encontramos en este texto todas las formas de violencia contenidas en el triángulo de Johan Galtung: violencias visibles o directas, invisibles o estructurales, y violencias culturales, así como diversas manifestaciones de la violencia simbólica como la analizó Pierre Bourdieu. Estas violencias son representadas con técnicas diversas: brutalismo, ironía, “gore”, distanciamiento etc. Nuestro trabajo tiene como eje el análisis de estas formas de representación, y en especial el tratamiento literario dado a la descripción de la violencia contra la mujer y de la violencia ejercida por la mujer.

  5. Desigualdades, diferencias y experiencias de (no pertenencia en educación, de Ana Bravo-Moreno (Ed.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivy Jacaranda Jasso Martínez

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available El texto que nos presenta Ana Bravo-Moreno es una colección de capítulos que tienen como eje transversal el tema de la desigualdad generada a partir de la/s diferencia/s, analizando cómo se producen, negocian y cambian estas en contextos específicos. Se trata de un tema en boga, que se ha venido discutiendo en la última década, especialmente respecto a las diferentes posturas que han evidenciado y discutido la manera y estrategias en que se vive y experimenta la diversidad cultural en el aula y en la escuela. El libro consta de ocho capítulos, más la introducción, donde se pasa revista de diferentes casos (España, Argentina, Estados Unidos, Grecia, y cada capítulo aborda con diferente profundidad la temática.

  6. Intrinsic vulnerability assessment of the aquifer in the Rižana spring chatcment by method SINTACS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available In this paper is presented intrinsic vulnerability assessment of the aquifer in the Rižana spring chatcment by the method SINTACS. It is parametric method that takes into consideration seven parameters (depth to ground water, effective infiltration action, unsaturatedzone attenuation capacity, soil/overburden attenuation capacity, hydrogeological characteristics of the aquifer, hydraulic conductivity range of aquifer, hydrologic role of the topographic slope. Parameters are presented in grid information layers that wereelaborated on the basis of interpretation and GIS processing of geological, hydrogeological,speleological, topographical, meteorological and pedological data. According to the parametersimportance for vulnerability assessment, a multiplier (importance weight was assigned to each parameter. Final map of vulnerability is a result of overlaying (summing of weighted information layers (parameters and shows the catchment area of the Rižanaspring subdivided into six vulnerability classes.

  7. Entre a vidência e a mão artesã: Ana Cristina Cesar e Alejandra Pizarnik

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Graciela Ravetti

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Estabelece-se aqui uma interlocução entre duas poetas: Alejandra Pizarnik e Ana Cristina Cesar, evitando acumular interpretações que se explicitem com um tipo de raciocínio e de força analítica que sutura inconsistências. Considero o discurso dilacerado e pouco confiável das poetas mediante duas imagens: a mão trabalhadora da artesã e a visão inspirada. Interessa verificar se conseguem “nomear forte”, sem cair no sentimentalismo nem na facilidade, exercendo a contento a função catacrésica da literatura. Mão artesã, vidência e a memória que se confunde com a saudade de um ser infante, presente na subjetividade e perdido para a experiência.

  8. Atlantic Women in Motion: Ana Miranda’s and José Eduardo Agualusa’s Postcolonial Historical Novel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edvaldo A. Bergamo

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper proposes a comparative study of Desmundo (1997 by the Brazilian Ana Miranda and Nação crioula (1997 by the Angolan José Eduardo Agualusa. The analysis focusses on the configuration of the protagonists of both novels. These protagonists transit the Atlantic Ocean which is characterized by symbolic exchanges and intense cultural contact: respectively a marriageable maiden who is compelled to immigrate to Brazil in order to strengthen the Lusitanian presence in the tropics, confirming the body of the white woman also as an instrument of European merchant machine, and a former slave and rich owner who becomes the embodiment of anti-abolitionist struggle in a mixed race Angola, confirming once again the body of the black woman as a slave trade merchandise.

  9. De mujeres deseadas a mujeres deseantes: entrevista con Ana María Fernández

    OpenAIRE

    Fernández, Ana María

    1997-01-01

    Esta entrevista se realizó a su paso por Bogotá, cuando participó como docente invitada en los cursos de postgrado del Programa de Estudios de Género, Mujer y Desarrollo de la Facultad de Ciencias Humanas de la Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Ana María Fernández, psicóloga clínica y psicoanalista, profesora de Estudios de la Mujer y Técnica de Grupos de la Facultad de Psicología de la Universidad de Buenos Aires, autora del libro "La Mujer de la Ilusión" (Paidós, 1993) y de numerosos artícu...

  10. Youth Problems on Indian Reservations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Underhill, Ruth M., Ed.

    Juvenile delinquency was identified as the major problem affecting youth on Indian reservations. Causes for delinquency which were discussed included culture conflict, expectation of failure, unemployment, failure of homes and parents, discrimination, inadequate education, off-reservation schools, and alcoholism. Needs identified by tribal leaders…

  11. Can Creativity Predict Cognitive Reserve?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palmiero, Massimiliano; Di Giacomo, Dina; Passafiume, Domenico

    2016-01-01

    Cognitive reserve relies on the ability to effectively cope with aging and brain damage by using alternate processes to approach tasks when standard approaches are no longer available. In this study, the issue if creativity can predict cognitive reserve has been explored. Forty participants (mean age: 61 years) filled out: the Cognitive Reserve…

  12. Estimating Foreign Exchange Reserve Adequacy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdul Hakim

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Accumulating foreign exchange reserves, despite their cost and their impacts on other macroeconomics variables, provides some benefits. This paper models such foreign exchange reserves. To measure the adequacy of foreign exchange reserves for import, it uses total reserves-to-import ratio (TRM. The chosen independent variables are gross domestic product growth, exchange rates, opportunity cost, and a dummy variable separating the pre and post 1997 Asian financial crisis. To estimate the risky TRM value, this paper uses conditional Value-at-Risk (VaR, with the help of Glosten-Jagannathan-Runkle (GJR model to estimate the conditional volatility. The results suggest that all independent variables significantly influence TRM. They also suggest that the short and long run volatilities are evident, with the additional evidence of asymmetric effects of negative and positive past shocks. The VaR, which are calculated assuming both normal and t distributions, provide similar results, namely violations in 2005 and 2008.

  13. Cognitive Reserve Scale and ageing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irene León

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The construct of cognitive reserve attempts to explain why some individuals with brain impairment, and some people during normal ageing, can solve cognitive tasks better than expected. This study aimed to estimate cognitive reserve in a healthy sample of people aged 65 years and over, with special attention to its influence on cognitive performance. For this purpose, it used the Cognitive Reserve Scale (CRS and a neuropsychological battery that included tests of attention and memory. The results revealed that women obtained higher total CRS raw scores than men. Moreover, the CRS predicted the learning curve, short-term and long-term memory, but not attentional and working memory performance. Thus, the CRS offers a new proxy of cognitive reserve based on cognitively stimulating activities performed by healthy elderly people. Following an active lifestyle throughout life was associated with better intellectual performance and positive effects on relevant aspects of quality of life.

  14. Fractional Reserve Banking: Some Quibbles

    OpenAIRE

    Bagus, Philipp; Howden, David

    2010-01-01

    We explore several unaddressed issues in George Selgin’s (1988) claim that the best monetary system to maintain monetary equilibrium is a fractional reserve free banking one. The claim that adverse clearing balances would limit credit expansion in a fractional reserve free banking system is more troublesome than previously reckoned. Both lengthened clearing periods and interbank agreements render credit expansion unrestrained. “The theory of free banking” confuses increases in money held with...

  15. Reserve Retirement Equality: Treating Reserves Fairly While Saving Taxpayer Dollars

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-09

    rata .121 For example, a Reserve who performs the equivalent of five years of active duty, will receive one-fourth the retired pay of his active duty...4,225 per month.124 But because reserve-retirement benefits are based on pro rata years of service, this officer’s years of service for retirement...purposes are 3,146 retirement points divided by 360.125 This results in 8.74 years pro rata years of service.126 His retirement benefits thus are

  16. Demand as frequency controlled reserve

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Xu, Z.; Togeby, M.; OEstergaard, J.

    2008-09-15

    Using demand as frequency controlled reserve (DFR) is an emerging technology which allow demand to participate actively in maintaining the system operation without reducing the energy service delivered to the customer and without need of user interaction. The basic premise is that traditional frequency controlled reserves from power plants and interconnections with neighbouring systems can be costly, slow and not fulfil the need for future power grids with a high share of wind power and fewer central power plants, and an intention to perform flexible operation such as is landing. Electricity demands, on the other hand, have advantages as frequency reserve including fast activation speed, smooth linear activation, low expected costs, and well-dispersed in the distribution grid. The main challenge of DFR is new methods for monitoring the available capacity. This project has investigated the technology of using electricity demands for providing frequency reserve to power systems. Within the project the potential and economy of DFR compatible loads in Denmark has been investigated, control logic has been designed, power system impact has been investigated, potential business models has been evaluated and an implementation strategy has been suggested. The tasks and goals of the project have been successfully accomplished based on which the conclusion and future recommendation are made. This project has developed the DFR technology that enables electricity demands to autonomously disconnect or reconnect to the grid in response to system frequency variations. The developed DFR technology is proved to be a promising technology from several perspectives. Technically, using DFR is feasible to provide reserves and enhance power system frequency control, while fulfilling technical requirements such as linear activation (or reconnection) according to frequency (or time). Environmentally, the DFR technology is pollution free in contrast to traditional reserves from generation

  17. Improved Effectiveness of Reserve Forces During Reserve Duty Training.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Treadaway, Harry H.

    The problem areas of motivation, job enrichment, recruiting, and retention are addressed from the viewpoint of the behavioral scientist. Special attention is given to relating job enrichment and motivation techniques, as successfully demonstrated in industry, to the United State Army Reserve. Research method utilized was a literature review…

  18. Spinning Reserve From Responsive Loads

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kirby, B.J.

    2003-04-08

    Responsive load is the most underutilized reliability resource available to the power system today. It is currently not used at all to provide spinning reserve. Historically there were good reasons for this, but recent technological advances in communications and controls have provided new capabilities and eliminated many of the old obstacles. North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC), Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), Northeast Power Coordinating Council (NPCC), New York State Reliability Council (NYSRC), and New York Independent System Operator (NYISO) rules are beginning to recognize these changes and are starting to encourage responsive load provision of reliability services. The Carrier ComfortChoice responsive thermostats provide an example of these technological advances. This is a technology aimed at reducing summer peak demand through central control of residential and small commercial air-conditioning loads. It is being utilized by Long Island Power Authority (LIPA), Consolidated Edison (ConEd), Southern California Edison (SCE), and San Diego Gas and Electric (SDG&E). The technology is capable of delivering even greater response in the faster spinning reserve time frame (while still providing peak reduction). Analysis of demand reduction testing results from LIPA during the summer of 2002 provides evidence to back up this claim. It also demonstrates that loads are different from generators and that the conventional wisdom, which advocates for starting with large loads as better ancillary service providers, is flawed. The tempting approach of incrementally adapting ancillary service requirements, which were established when generators were the only available resources, will not work. While it is easier for most generators to provide replacement power and non-spinning reserve (the slower response services) than it is to supply spinning reserve (the fastest service), the opposite is true for many loads. Also, there is more financial

  19. Cerebral correlates of cognitive reserve.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whalley, Lawrence J; Staff, Roger T; Fox, Helen C; Murray, Alison D

    2016-01-30

    Cognitive reserve is a hypothetical concept introduced to explain discrepancies between severity of clinical dementia syndromes and the extent of dementia pathology. We examined cognitive reserve in a research programme that followed up a non-clinical sample born in 1921 or 1936 and IQ-tested age 11 years in 1932 or 1947. Structural MRI exams were acquired in about 50% of the sample from whom a subsample were recruited into an additional fMRI study. Here, we summarise findings from seven inter-related studies. These support an understanding of cognitive reserve as a balance between positive life course activity-driven experiences and the negative effects of brain pathologies including cerebrovascular disease and total and regional brain volume loss. Hypothesised structural equation models illustrate the relative causal effects of these positive and negative contributions. Cognitive reserve is considered in the context of choice of interventions to prevent dementia and the opposing effects of cerebrovascular disease and Alzheimer like brain appearances. Crown Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  20. Extractive reserves in Brazilian Amazonia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fearnside, P.M (National Institute for Research in the Amazon, Manaus-Amazonas (Brazil))

    1989-06-01

    In 1985 an opportunity arose for maintaining tracts of Amazonian forest under sustainable use. Brazil's National Council of Rubber Tappers and the Rural Worker's Union proposed the creation of a set of reserves of a new type, called extractive reserves. The first six are being established in one of the Brazilian states most threatened by deforestatation. The creation of extractive reserves grants legal protection to forest land traditionally used by rubber tappers, Brazil-nut gatherers, and other extractivists. The term extrativismo (extractivism) in Brazil refers to removing nontimber forest products, such as latex, resins, and nuts, without felling the trees. Approximately 30 products are collected for commercial sale. Many more types of forest materials are gathered, for example as food and medicines, for the extractivists' own use. The reserve proposal is attractive for several reasons related to social problems. It allows the rubber tappers to continue their livelihood rather than be expelled by deforestation. However, it is unlikely that sufficient land will be set aside as extractive reserves to employ all the tappers. Displaced rubber tappers already swell the ranks of urban slum dwellers in Brazil's Amazonian cities, and they have become refugees to continue their profession in the forests of neighboring countries, such as Bolivia.

  1. Unraveling molecular mechanistic differences in liver metabolism between lean and fat lines of Pekin duck (Anas platyrhynchos domestica): a proteomic study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zheng, Aijuan; Chang, Wenhuan; Hou, Shuisheng; Zhang, Shu; Cai, Huiyi; Chen, Guilan; Lou, Ruiying; Liu, Guohua

    2014-02-26

    Duck is one of the major poultry meat sources for human consumption. To satisfy different eating habits, lean and fat strains of Pekin ducks have been developed. The objective of this study was to determine the molecular mechanistic differences in liver metabolism between two duck strains. The liver proteome of the Pekin duck lines was compared on days 1, 14, 28, and 42 posthatching using 2-DE based proteomics. There was a different abundance of 76 proteins in the livers of the two duck lines. Fat ducks strongly expressed proteins related to pathways of glycolysis, ATP synthesis, and protein catabolism, suggesting enhanced fat deposition rather than protein retention. In contrast, highly expressed proteins in lean ducks improved protein anabolism and reduced protein catabolism, resulting in an enhancement of lean meat deposition. Along with the decrease in fat deposition, the immune system of the lean duck strain may be enhanced by enhanced expression of proteins involved in stress response, immune defense, and antioxidant functions. These results indicate that selection pressure has shaped the two duck lines differently resulting in different liver metabolic capacities. These observed variations between the two strains at the molecular level are matched with physiological changes in growth performance and meat production. This information may have beneficial impacts in areas such as genetic modification through the manipulation of target proteins or genes in specific pathways to improve the efficiency of duck meat production. The objective of this study was to unravel molecular mechanistic differences in liver metabolism between lean and fat Pekin duck (Anas platyrhynchos domestica) strains. There was a different abundance of 76 proteins in the livers of the two duck lines. Enhanced protein expression in the fat ducks related to pathways of glycolysis, ATP synthesis and protein catabolism suggesting increased fat deposition rather than protein retention. In

  2. Hydrocarbon Reserves: Abundance or Scarcity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2005-01-01

    IFP and the OAPEC jointly organize a regular international seminar dealing with world oil-related problems appearing in the news. For the first time, this seminar has been opened to oil and gas company specialists, service companies, research centers and independents. This year's theme concerns oil and gas reserves: are they abundant or are we headed towards the shortages announced by some experts? This theme is especially topical in that: oil and gas currently meet two thirds of world energy needs and almost completely dominate the transport sector; the reserves declared by the OAPEC countries account for nearly half of world reserves; the price of a barrel of oil went through the roof in 2004; world energy demand is growing fast and alternative sources of energy are far from ready to take over from oil and gas in the next few decades. Since the reserves correspond to the volume it is technically and economically viable to produce, the seminar has, of course, dealt with the technical and economic questions that arise in connection with exploration and production, but it has also considered changes in the geopolitical context. Presentations by the leading companies of the OAPEC countries and by the IFP group were completed by presentation from the International Energy Agency (IEA), the United States Geological Survey (USGS), the IHS Energy Group, Total and Gaz de France. This document gathers the transparencies of the following presentations: Hydrocarbon reserves in OAPEC members countries: current and future (M. Al-Lababidi); Non OAPEC liquid reserves and production forecasts (Y. Mathieu); World oil and gas resources and production outlook (K. Chew); Global investments in the upstream (F. Birol); Total's policy in the oil and gas sector (C. de Margerie); Gaz de France's policy in the oil and gas sector (J. Abiteboul); NOC/IOC's opportunities in OPEC countries (I. Sandrea); Relationships between companies, countries and investors: How they may impact on the growth

  3. Hydrocarbon Reserves: Abundance or Scarcity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2005-07-01

    IFP and the OAPEC jointly organize a regular international seminar dealing with world oil-related problems appearing in the news. For the first time, this seminar has been opened to oil and gas company specialists, service companies, research centers and independents. This year's theme concerns oil and gas reserves: are they abundant or are we headed towards the shortages announced by some experts? This theme is especially topical in that: oil and gas currently meet two thirds of world energy needs and almost completely dominate the transport sector; the reserves declared by the OAPEC countries account for nearly half of world reserves; the price of a barrel of oil went through the roof in 2004; world energy demand is growing fast and alternative sources of energy are far from ready to take over from oil and gas in the next few decades. Since the reserves correspond to the volume it is technically and economically viable to produce, the seminar has, of course, dealt with the technical and economic questions that arise in connection with exploration and production, but it has also considered changes in the geopolitical context. Presentations by the leading companies of the OAPEC countries and by the IFP group were completed by presentation from the International Energy Agency (IEA), the United States Geological Survey (USGS), the IHS Energy Group, Total and Gaz de France. This document gathers the transparencies of the following presentations: Hydrocarbon reserves in OAPEC members countries: current and future (M. Al-Lababidi); Non OAPEC liquid reserves and production forecasts (Y. Mathieu); World oil and gas resources and production outlook (K. Chew); Global investments in the upstream (F. Birol); Total's policy in the oil and gas sector (C. de Margerie); Gaz de France's policy in the oil and gas sector (J. Abiteboul); NOC/IOC's opportunities in OPEC countries (I. Sandrea); Relationships between companies, countries and investors: How they may

  4. Demand as Frequency Controlled Reserve

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Xu, Zhao; Østergaard, Jacob; Togeby, Mikael

    2011-01-01

    Relying on generation side alone is deemed insufficient to fulfill the system balancing needs for future Danish power system, where a 50% wind penetration is outlined by the government for year 2025. This paper investigates using the electricity demand as frequency controlled reserve (DFR) as a new...... balancing measure, which has a high potential and can provide many advantages. Firstly, the background of the research is reviewed, including conventional power system reserves and the electricity demand side potentials. Subsequently, the control logics and corresponding design considerations for the DFR...

  5. Periodismo especializado en medio ambiente: el caso Doñana como paradigma de manipulación informativa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr. Carlos Elías

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo es parte de una tesis doctoral titulada “Flujos de información entre científicos y prensa” en la que, entre otros asuntos, se aborda la manipulación política de la información científica. En esta tesis se utilizó la metodología de investigación participativa, que implicó, entre otras circunstancias, que quien suscribe este artículo estuviera seis meses en el gabinete de prensa del CSIC como becario para investigar a fondo cómo se gestiona la información desde un gabinete de prensa gubernamental. En el artículo se demuestra la gran influencia de los gabinetes de comunicación en la prensa española. También se analiza cómo se manipula el mensaje y cómo se seleccionan las fuentes para someter los criterios científicos a los políticos. Para demostrar esta hipótesis se han estudiado todas las informaciones que aparecieron sobre el desastre ecológico de Doñana en la prensa de tirada nacional desde abril hasta julio de 1998. Se han relacionado las diferentes actuaciones del gabinete con la teoría general de la gestión de crisis informativas.ABSTRACTThis research are included in a doctoral thesis about information flows between scientists and press. We use participative research methods. For that, the author got a fellowship of CSIC, the biggest spanish research center, and worked as a member of its press office during a six months periods. This article shows how scientific press offices have a very big influence in spanish press. Also the research proves how messages is manipulated and how the scientific sources are selected in order to indentify scientific and politics criteria. For demostrate how this manipulation is done, I analyse press information about Doñana ecological catastrophe published in 1998 in spanish national newspapers from april to july. Also these dates proves the relationship with general theories about informative crisis.

  6. inst6_3d_ana_Nv: MERRA 3D Analyzed State, Meteorology Instantaneous 6-hourly 0.667 x 0.5 degree V5.2.0 (MAI6NVANA) at GES DISC

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — The MAI6NVANA or inst6_3d_ana_Nv data product is the MERRA Data Assimilation System 3-Dimensional instantaneous, on model levels, at native resolution. MERRA, or the...

  7. inst6_3d_ana_Np: MERRA 3D Analyzed State, Meteorology Instantaneous 6-hourly 0.667 x 0.5 degree V5.2.0 (MAI6NPANA) at GES DISC

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — The MAI6NPANA or inst6_3d_ana_Np data product is the MERRA Data Assimilation System 3-Dimensional instantaneous, on pressure levels, at native resolution. MERRA, or...

  8. instU_3d_ana_Np: MERRA 3D Analyzed State, Meteorology Diurnal 0.667 x 0.5 degree V5.2.0 (MAIUNPANA) at GES DISC

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — The MAIUNPANA or instU_3d_ana_Np data product is the MERRA Data Assimilation System 3-Dimensional instantaneous, on pressure levels, at native resolution. MERRA, or...

  9. instM_3d_ana_Np: MERRA 3D Analyzed State, Meteorology Monthly Mean 0.667 x 0.5 degree V5.2.0 (MAIMNPANA) at GES DISC

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — The MAIMNPANA or instM_3d_ana_Np data product is the MERRA Data Assimilation System 3-Dimensional instantaneous, on pressure levels, at native resolution. MERRA, or...

  10. 77 FR 40253 - Reserve Account

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-09

    .... The commentators represented Rural Development employees who work with the Multi-Family Housing Direct... their annual over-inflated tax bills and assessments. As a result, rent income funding that could be..., as rents cannot be raised to an amount that will cover all current and future reserve expenses...

  11. Demand as Frequency Controlled Reserve

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Xu, Zhao; Togeby, Mikael; Østergaard, Jacob

    This report summaries the research outcomes of the project ‘Demand as Frequency Controlled Reserve (DFR)’, which has received the support from Energinet.dk’s PSO program, Grant no. 2005-2-6380. The objective of this project is to investigate the technology of using electricity demands for providing...

  12. The rules of urban planning and administrative responsibilities in protecting to the vulnerability and risk of Cerro Tapezco in Santa Ana

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Castro Leiton, Karina

    2014-01-01

    An analysis of regulation is made of land use and administrative management of the Cerro Tapezco to show that as the years have passed it has been verified that the Costa Rican law on town planning has been inadequate for current problems due to lack of updating of various scientific and technical sources also dispersion and proliferation of competences of administrative authorities. The physical setting and planning rules is identified for CerroTapezco and surrounding towns. Local actions are explored in the elaboration of improvement and reform of the regulatory plan of Santa Ana. The administrative entities and institutions with competence in the development and implementation of plans have been identified, assessing deficiencies, inconsistencies and administrative omissions in urban planning of the city of Santa Ana and recommending changes necessary for the proper application of the Costa Rican law [es

  13. La digestion anaérobie des boues de stations d'épuration urbaines :état des lieux - état de l'art

    OpenAIRE

    Reverdy, A.L; Baudez, J.C.; Dieudé-Fauvel, E.

    2011-01-01

    / Avec le protocole de Kyoto et le Grenelle de l'environnement, les politiques actuelles prônent le développement des énergies renouvelables. La digestion anaérobie des boues de stations d'épuration urbaines est un procédé permettant de répondre à cette exigence. L'étude présentée dans ce rapport offre dans un premier temps un descriptif du procédé de méthanisation. Dans une deuxième partie, un état des lieux de la digestion anaérobie des boues d'épuration urbaines est réalisé en France...

  14. Vecāku audzināšanas stila saistība ar pusaudžu vientulības izjūtu

    OpenAIRE

    Vlasova, Iveta

    2013-01-01

    Pētījuma jautājums: Vai starp mātes audzināšanas stilu un vientulības līmeni pusaudžiem pastāv saistība? Pētījuma dalībnieki. Viena izlase, pēc pieejamības principa. Dalībnieku vecums: 12-16 gadi, 31 meitene, 23 zēni. Dzīvojoši pilnās ģimenēs. Pētījuma metode. 1.Lieto, lai noteiktu kopējo vientulības izjūtas līmeni, tika izmantota Vientulības skala (UCLA Loneliness Scale/UCLA LS/, VERSION 3; Russel, D.W. 1996).– visu jautājumu summa. 2.Vecāku audzināšanas stila aptauja (Parental...

  15. Analyse mathématique d'un modèle de digestion anaérobie avec phase d'hydrolyse

    OpenAIRE

    Daoud, Yessmine; Abdellatif, N.; Harmand, J.

    2015-01-01

    International audience; Récemment, Weedermann et coll., [1] ont proposé un modèle de la digestion anaérobie en troisétapestroisétapes : l'acidogenèse, l'acétogenèse et la méthanogenèse. L'´ etude faite dans [1], combine etétendetétend des résultats récents de Sari et Hajji,[2], et de Hess et Bernard,[3], qui peuventêtrepeuventêtre considérés comme deux sous-modèles du modèle considéré dans [1]. Or, il estétabliestétabli que l'´ etape limitante de la digestion anaérobie est très souvent l'´ et...

  16. Jonometrijas un jonu hromatogrāfijas izmantošana jonu šķidrumu analīzē

    OpenAIRE

    Liberts, Andrejs

    2008-01-01

    Darbā ir apkopota literatūra par jonu šķidrumiem, jonometriju un jonu hromatogrāfiju. Noteikti tetrafluorborātjona jonselektīvā elektroda raksturlielumi, pārbaudītas tā praktiskās izmantošanas iespējas jonu šķidrumu analīzē, eksperimentāli atrasti potenciometriskie selektivitātes koeficienti. Veikta tetrafluorborātjonu saturošu jonu šķidrumu jonometriska noteikšana ar standartpiedevu metodi. Iegūtie rezultāti statistiski izvērtēti. Veikta arī hlorīdjonu un bromīdjonu saturošu jonu š...

  17. Kumarīnu šķelšanas reakcijas ar skābekļa un slāpekļa nukleofiliem

    OpenAIRE

    Parkova, Anete

    2011-01-01

    Kumarīnu šķelšanas reakcijas ar skābekļa un slāpekļa nuklofiliem. Parkova A., zinātniskie vadītāji Dr.chem. Trapencieris P., Mg.sc.ing. Vendiņa I. Bakalaura darbs, 42 lappuses, 18 attēli, 7 tabulas, 32 literatūras avoti. Latviešu valodā. KUMARĪNI, KANĒĻSKĀBES ATVASINĀJUMI, SULFAMĀTI, SULFAMĪDI Darbā tika veiktas kumarīnu cikla šķelšanas reakcijas ar skābekļa un slāpekļa nukleofiliem, lai iegūtu o-hidroksikanēļskābes esterus un amīdus. Izmantojot von Pehmana reakciju tika sintezēti kumar...

  18. Intuitīvas ēšanas, ķermeņa masas indeksa un ēšanas pārliecību saistība gados jaunākām un vecākām sievietēm.

    OpenAIRE

    Vilciņa, Sabīne

    2016-01-01

    Pētījuma mērķis bija noskaidrot sakarības starp intuitīvu ēšanu, ĶMI un ēšanas pārliecībām sieviešu izlasē (N=514) un noskaidrot, vai pastāv atšķirības starp gados jaunākām (18-40) sievietēm (n=259) un gados vecākām (41-69) sievietēm (n=255). Pētījumā tika izmantotas intuitīvas ēšanas skala - 2 un ēšanas pārliecību aptauja. Rezultāti norāda, ka gados vecākas sievietes uzrāda statistiski nozīmīgi zemākus rezultātus intuitīvas ēšanas dimensijā „beznosacījumu atļaujā ēst “, statistiski nozīmīgi ...

  19. The high temperature synthesis of CsAlSiO 4-ANA, a new polymorph in the system Cs 2OAl 2O 3SiO 2. I. The end member of ANA type of zeolite framework

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dimitrijevic, R.; Dondur, V.; Petranovic, N.

    1991-12-01

    High temperature phase transformations of Cs + exchanged zeolites were investigated. Above 1000°C, CsX, CsY (FAU), and Cs, ZK-4 (LTA) frameworks recrystallized in a pollucite phase. A Cs + loaded mordenite recrystallized at 1300°C in the orthorhombic CsAlSi 5O 12 phase. A Cs + exchanged zeolite A at 960°C recrystallized in a mixture of two polymorphic CsAlSiO 4 phases having different (Al,Si)O 4 frameworks. The unstable orthorhombic CsAlSiO 4ABW phase has a topotactic transition at 1150°C into an ordered low CsAlSiO 4-ANA framework. Further calcination produces, at 1200°C, transformation of the low CsAlSiO 4-ANA phase to the more stable high CsAlSiO 4-ANA polymorph having cubic ( a 0 = 13.6595 (5) Å) symmetry and an ordered SiAl distribution. The crystal structure of high CsAlSiO 4ANA, a new polymorph in the system Cs 2OAl 2O 3SiO 2, was determined using X-ray Rietveld analyses and 29Si MAS NMR spectroscopy.

  20. Sociālo tīklošanas vietņu lietošanas paradumi jauniešu auditorijā: "Facebook.com", "Twitter.com", "Draugiem.lv" piemēru analīze

    OpenAIRE

    Serkova, Sandra

    2012-01-01

    Bakalaura darba tēma ir „Sociālo tīklošanas vietņu lietošanas paradumi jauniešu auditorijā: „Facebook.com”, „Twitter.com”, „Draugiem.lv” piemēru analīze”. Darba mērķis ir izpētīt pēc kādiem sociālo tīklošanas vietņu paradumiem jaunieši izvēlas atrasties kādā konkrētā sociālo tīklošanas vietnē. Darba teorētiskā daļa balstās uz Denisa Makveila (Deniss McQuail) lietojuma un apmierinājuma teoriju, kas palīdz saprast, pēc kā tiecās mediju lietotājs, izmantojot masu medijus. Teorija par sociāli...

  1. Paula Stradiņa veselības un sociālās aprūpes koledžai pieejamie resursi un to izmantošana medicīnas speciālistu sagatavošanas procesā

    OpenAIRE

    Oliņa, Agnese

    2007-01-01

    Veselības nozares nodrošināšana ar pietiekamiem cilvēkresursiem. Mērķis, izpētīt koledžas pieejamos resursus un to izmantošanu, atklāt pozitīvos momentus un trūkumus, kā arī izstrādāt priekšlikumus. Analīzes rezultāti, nepietiekams finanšu resurss telpu un iekārtu nodrošināsanai jaunajām studiju programmām, resursu vadīšanas procesam nepieciešami papildus darbinieki un zināšanas. Darbā analizēti vispārējie resursi un to atšķirības veselības izglītības jomā, vadīšanas process un kvalit...

  2. Estudio cefalométrico en una población adulta colombiana contemporánea usando el análisis de Legan y Burstone*

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Timizay Fanory Mahecha Ruiz

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Objetivos: Establecer valores promedio en tejidos duros del análisis cefalométrico de Legan y Burstone, en una base de datos radiográ ca de una población ósea adulta colombiana contemporánea y comparar las medidas antropométricas cráneo faciales obtenidas en la población. Material y Método: Es un estudio descriptivo transversal, realizado sobre una base de datos de 600 cuerpos esqueléticos totalmente identicados de una colección ósea colombiana contemporánea, que se encuentra en el Laboratorio de Antropología Física del Instituto Nacional de Medicina Legal y Ciencias Forenses, a los que se les tomó radiografías cefalométricas laterales. De éstas sirvieron 200, según los criterios de inclusión, y clasi caron 58, que equivale a 45 hombres y 13 mujeres entre los 18 y 81 años de edad, fueron evaluadas mediante el análisis de Legan y Burstone tejidos duros, el cual consta de 19 medidas, 16 lineales y 3 angulares. Resultados: El análisis, con respecto a la cefalometría de Legan y Burstone, mostró que existen diferencias estadísticamente signi cativas entre la muestra de estudio y la muestra original, en 12 variables de las 19 del análisis para la muestra masculina y en tres variables de las 19 para la muestra femenina. Conclusiones: El estudio reveló que algunos de los parámetros en la población Colombiana son signi cativamente diferentes a la población caucásica del estudio de Legan y Burstone, especialmente en los hombres.

  3. Entrevista a Ana Casaravilla Gil, Adjunta de Innovación Educativa y Profesora de la Universidad Politécnica de Madrid

    OpenAIRE

    Equipo Editorial

    2011-01-01

    Ana Casaravilla Gil es profesora en la Escuela Universitaria de Arquitectura Técnica de la Universidad Politécnica de Madrid y Adjunta de Innovación Educativa. Es una persona comprometida con la docencia como puede comprobarse por los numerosos proyectos y trabajos que en esta línea ha venido desarrollando a lo largo de los años. Hemos charlado con ella sobre la Innovación Educativa en la Universidad.

  4. La necesidad de sistemas de información abiertos no excluyentes: Entrevista a Ana María Cetto Kramis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julio Santillán-Aldana

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Entrevista a Ana María Cetto Kramis, investigadora del Instituto de Física de la Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM y Presidenta del Sistema Regional de Información en Línea para Revistas Científicas de América Latina, el Caribe, España y Portugal (Latindex.

  5. Un puente entre España y Portugal: Carmen de Burgos y su amistad con Ana de Castro Osório

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Núñez Rey, Concepción

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Spain and Portugal experienced a time of intense cultural exchange from 1915 onwards through two major female figures in the two countries who were bound by strong intellectual and personal links. Ana de Castro was a writer prominent in politics, journalism and Portuguese literature from the late 19th century, and Carmen de Burgos was the first professional Spanish woman journalist and one of the most important writers of the first third of the 20th century. They shared the ideals of equality for women and social justice for all, in conjunction with their incessant work in the press and in literary creation: Ana de Castro, more as a political figure, Carmen de Burgos, more as writer. We remember here the intense activity that they shared and the wide echo that it found in the press of both countries.España y Portugal vivieron un tiempo de intenso intercambio cultural a partir de 1915 a través de dos grandes figuras femeninas de ambos países, unidas por fuertes vínculos intelectuales y personales. Ana de Castro fue una escritora muy destacada en la política, en el periodismo y en la literatura lusas desde finales del siglo XIX, y Carmen de Burgos fue la primera periodista profesional española y una de las escritoras más importantes del primer tercio del siglo XX. Ambas compartieron grandes ideales de igualdad para la mujer y de justicia social para todos, unidos a una incesante labor periodística y literaria: Ana de Castro, más como política, Carmen de Burgos, más como escritora. Recordamos aquí la intensa actividad compartida y el amplio eco que encontró en la prensa de los dos países.

  6. Temporal Controls on Uplift and Slip Rates for the Puente Hills and Santa Ana Mountains, Southern Los Angeles Basin, Orange County, California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gath, E. M.; Grant, L. B.; Owen, L. A.

    2006-12-01

    The Puente Hills (PH) are seismically active and tectonically uplifted by the Puente Hills Blind Thrust fault (PHBTF). The rate of uplift, and consequently, the late Quaternary slip rate of the eastern part of the PHBTF, herein named the Santa Ana segment, can be constrained by mapping and dating Quaternary stream terraces and strath surfaces in the Santa Ana River Canyon. The PH are cut by the 2-3 mm/yr right-lateral Whittier fault, itself capable of M6.7-7.2 earthquakes. The 7 mapped terraces and strath surfaces of the PH are cut by the Whittier fault with minimal vertical separation. OSL dating, soil age estimates, and correlation with sea level highstands constrains the PH uplift rate to 0.6-1.4 mm/yr based on OSL dates, and 0.2-0.8 mm/yr from other methods. The rates overlap in the range 0.6-0.8 mm/yr, and we propose that this is the most reliable estimate of uplift rate because it is based on several methods. An uplift rate of 0.6-0.8 mm/yr for the PH is also consistent with a 500 700 ka emergent age based on our geomorphic analysis of PH drainage basin development. Using a 30° dip angle produces a slip rate on the Santa Ana segment of the PHBTF of 1.2-1.6 mm/yr. Preliminary tectonic geomorphic analysis of the Santa Ana Mountains (SAM) suggests that they too are being uplifted and are probably seismically active. Shorelines preserved on the lower foothills of Peralta and Loma Ridges were correlated to eustatic sea levels for age estimations. Mapping and dating of terraces in the Santiago Creek drainage, and the older marine terraces indicates that the SAM are uplifting at 0.2-0.7 mm/yr, probably due to a blind thrust associated with partial termination of the Elsinore fault.

  7. Genome sequence of a novel H14N7 subtype influenza A virus isolated from a blue-winged teal (Anas discors) harvested in Texas, USA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramey, Andy M.; Reeves, Andrew; Poulson, Rebecca L.; Carter, Deborah L.; Davis-Fields, Nicholas; Stallknecht, David E.

    2016-01-01

    We report here the complete genome sequence of a novel H14N7 subtype influenza A virus (IAV) isolated from a blue-winged teal (Anas discors) harvested in Texas, USA. The genomic characteristics of this IAV strain with a previously undetected subtype combination suggest recent viral evolution within the New World wild-bird IAV reservoir.                   

  8. Entrevista a Ana Casaravilla Gil, Adjunta de Innovación Educativa y Profesora de la Universidad Politécnica de Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Equipo Editorial

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Ana Casaravilla Gil es profesora en la Escuela Universitaria de Arquitectura Técnica de la Universidad Politécnica de Madrid y Adjunta de Innovación Educativa. Es una persona comprometida con la docencia como puede comprobarse por los numerosos proyectos y trabajos que en esta línea ha venido desarrollando a lo largo de los años. Hemos charlado con ella sobre la Innovación Educativa en la Universidad.

  9. A review of the practice of sedation with inhalational anaesthetics in the intensive care unit with the AnaConDa® device

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Satyajeet Misra

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The intensive care unit (ICU environment is often perceived to be hostile and frightening by patients due to unfamiliar surroundings coupled with presence of numerous personnel, monitors and other equipments as well as a loss of perception of time. Mechanical ventilation and multiple painful procedures that often need to be carried out in these critically ill patients add to their overall anxiety. Sedation is therefore required not only to allay the stress and anxiety, but also to allow for mechanical ventilation and other invasive therapeutic and diagnostic procedures to be performed. The conventional intravenous sedative agents used in ICUs suffer from problems of over sedation, tachyphylaxis, drug accumulation, organ specific elimination and often lead to patient agitation on withdrawal. All this tend to prolong the ventilatory as well as ICU and hospital discharge time, which increase the risk for infection and add to the overall increase in morbidity, mortality and hospital costs. In 2005, the anaesthetic conserving device (AnaConDa® was marketed for ICU sedation with volatile anaesthetic agents. A number of trials have shown the effectiveness of using volatile anaesthetic agents for ICU sedation with the AnaConDa device. Compared with intravenous sedatives, use of volatile anaesthetic agents have resulted in shorter wake up and extubation time, lesser duration of mechanical ventilation and faster discharge from hospitals. This review shall focus on the benefits, technical pre-requisites and status of sedation with volatile anaesthetic agents in ICUs with the AnaConDa® device.

  10. Žurnāla SHAPE pārpozicionēšanas stratēģijas problēmas un risinājumi.

    OpenAIRE

    Nikodemusa, Zane

    2013-01-01

    Maģistra darba tēma ir „Žurnāla SHAPE pārpozicionēšanas stratēģijas problēmas un risinājumi”. Maģistra darba mērķis ir izpētīt žurnāla SHAPE pārpozicionēšanas stratēģiju, tās ieguvumus un zaudējumus no uzņēmuma skatu punkta, kā arī ietekmējošos faktorus un risinājumus turpmākai tirgus pozīcijas stiprināšanai. Darba gaitā autore izmanto dažādas informācijas apkopošanas un analīzes metodes. Teorētiskās daļas veidošanai darba autore izmantoja literatūras referatīvās analīzes metodi. Informāci...

  11. Pasākumu tūrisma produkts Latvijā un tā virzīšana tūrisma tirgū

    OpenAIRE

    Grīga, Inese

    2010-01-01

    Šobrīd Eiropā un arī visā pasaulē tūrisms ir kļuvis par vienu no vadošajām un visstraujāk pieaugošajām valsts izaugsmes un attīstības nozarēm. Tūrisms tiek uzskatīts par ekonomiskās attīstības un nodarbinātības nodrošināšanas būtisku elementu. Bakalaura darbā „Pasākumu tūrisma produkts Latvijā un tā virzīšana tūrisma tirgū” tiek pētīts pasākumu tūrisma produkts Latvijā un tā virzīšanas iespējas tūrisma tirgū. Pasākumi vienmēr ir bijuši nozīmīga cilvēka dzīves daļa. Bakalaura darba mēr...

  12. Loģistikas pilnveidošanas iespējas noliktavā lielā uzņēmumā

    OpenAIRE

    Olosa, Arta

    2015-01-01

    Artas Olosas maģistra darba tēma – „Loģistikas pilnveidošanas iespējas noliktavā lielā uzņēmumā”. Maģistra darba mērķis ir balstoties uz teorētiskām atziņām par noliktavas taupīgās vadīšanas metodēm, veikt iekšējo loģistikas procesu analīzi uzņēmumā SIA Schenker un izstrādāt priekšlikumus tās pilnveidošanai. Maģistra darbs sastāv no trīs daļām. Pirmajā daļā ir veikta zinātnisko publikāciju un normatīvo dokumentu analīze par noliktavas darbības aspektiem un taupīgās vadīšanas veidiem. Otrajā ...

  13. Mobilo ierīču izmantošana atgriezeniskās saites veidošanai matemātikā

    OpenAIRE

    Krieviņa, Liene

    2015-01-01

    Bakalaura darba „Mobilo ierīču izmantošana atgriezeniskās saites veidošanai matemātikā” mērķis ir izpētīt mobilo ierīču izmantošanas iespējas atgriezeniskās saites veidošanai un izstrādāt metodiskos materiālus matemātikas skolotājiem. Teorētiskajā daļā tiek analizēta literatūra par atgriezenisko saiti, tās izmantošanu mācību procesā, aprakstītas informāciju un komunikāciju tehnoloģiju izmantošanas iespējas mācību procesā, to priekšrocības un trūkumi, kā arī aplūkotas mobilās ierīces, noska...

  14. Application of multi-criteria decision analysis in prediction of groundwater resources potential: A case of Oke-Ana, Ilesa Area Southwestern, Nigeria

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akinlalu, A. A.; Adegbuyiro, A.; Adiat, K. A. N.; Akeredolu, B. E.; Lateef, W. Y.

    2017-06-01

    Groundwater Potential of Oke-Ana area southwestern Nigeria have been evaluated using the integration of electrical resistivity method, remote sensing and geographic information systems. The effect of five hydrogeological indices, namely lineament density, drainage density, lithology, overburden thickness and aquifer layer resistivity on groundwater occurrence was established. Multi-criteria decision analysis technique was employed to assign weight to each of the index using the concept of analytical hierarchy process. The assigned weight was normalized and consistency ratio was established. In order to evaluate the groundwater potential of Oke-Ana, sixty-seven (67) vertical electrical sounding points were occupied. Ten curve types were delineated in the study area. The curve types vary from simple three layer A and H-type curves to the more complex four, five and six layer AA, HA, KH, QH, AKH, HKH, KHA and KHKH curves. Four subsurface geo-electric sequences of top soil, weathered layer, partially weathered/fractured basement and the fresh basement were delineated in the area. The analytical process assisted in classifying Oke-Ana into, low, medium and high groundwater potential zones. Validation of the model from well information and two aborted boreholes suggest 70% agreement.

  15. Pusaudžu melošana vecāku-pusaudžu mijiedarbības kontekstā

    OpenAIRE

    Lučkina, Jeļena

    2014-01-01

    Maģistra darba pētījuma mērķis bija apskatīt pusaudžu melošanu (dzimumatšķirības melošanas biežumā un tēmās), un noskaidrot kādas pastāv saistības starp pusaudžu melošanu un vecāku-pusaudžu attiecību aspektiem. Balstoties uz analizēto literatūru, tika izvirzīti četri pētījuma jautājumi: Vai pastāv dzimumatšķirības pusaudžu pašnovērtētajā melošanas biežumā un tēmās?; Kādas tēmas prevalē pusaudžu melošanā vecākiem?; Kādas sakarības pastāv starp pusaudžu melošanas biežumu un attiecību aspektiem ...

  16. Concentrações de ANA e BAP na micropropagação de abacaxizeiro L. Merrill (Ananas comosus e no cultivo hidropônico das plântulas obtidas in vitro The effect of ANA and BAP concentrations on the micropropagation and hydroponic cultures of pineapple

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristiane Elizabeth Costa de Macêdo

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available O efeito de diferentes concentrações de ANA e BAP na micropropagação do abacaxizeiro, bem como no cultivo em hidroponia das plântulas obtidas in vitro, foram estudados em brotos de abacaxizeiro da variedade Pérola, inoculados em meio de cultura básico MS, suplementado com os fitorreguladores BAP e ANA em diferentes concentrações. Caracteres morfológicos quantitativos relacionados ao crescimento dos brotos e das plântulas de abacaxizeiro foram avaliados respectivamente durante os cultivos in vitro e em hidroponia e mostraram que, o tratamento T1 (BAP = 1,0 mg L-1e ANA = 0,5 mg L-1 proporcionou a maior taxa média de regeneração de brotos e conseqüentemente uma maior produção de matéria fresca. Entretanto, a altura dos brotos e a formação de suas raízes foram maiores nos tratamentos T2 (BAP = 0,5 mg L-1 e ANA = 0,25 mg L-1 e T3 (BAP = 0,25 mg L-1 e ANA = 0,12 mg L-1 . Após sessenta dias de cultivo em hidroponia, todas as plântulas oriundas do tratamento T1 apresentaram um bom desenvolvimento, expresso pela maioria dos caracteres morfológicos avaliados. O sistema de micropropagação utilizado neste trabalho possibilitou a obtenção de brotos de abacaxizeiro Pérola, em quantidade suficiente e ao mesmo tempo de fácil individualização, seguida da regeneração de plântulas que foram cultivadas em hidroponia.The effect of different ANA and BAP concentrations on in vitro and hydroponic cultures were studied. Pineapple shoots derived from Pérola explants variety were inoculated in MS media containing BAP and ANA in different concentrations. Growth parameters of shoots and plantlets were measured for in vitro and hydroponic cultures. Showed a highest multiplication rates of shoots and consequently highest fresh matter production were obtained with BAP and ANA at the concentrations of 1,0 and 0,5 mg L-1 respectively. However, the shoot length as well as the root number formed were higher in the T2 (0,5 de BAP + 0,25 de ANA

  17. Lasīšanas izpratnes mācību materiālu izstrāde A2 līmeņa skolēniem

    OpenAIRE

    Jirgena, Baiba

    2014-01-01

    Skolēnu lasīšanas izpratnes attīstīšana ir aktuāls temats valodas mācīšanās procesā. Mācīšanās materiāli ieņem neatsveramu lomu lasīšanas izpratnes attīstīšanā, tādēļ tiem ir jābūt veiksmīgi izstrādātiem, lai nodrošinātu skolēnu lasīšanas izpratnes attīstību. Tādēļ šī maģistra darba mērķis ir izstrādāt mācīšanas materiālus A2 līmeņa skolēniem, lai attīstītu viņu lasīšanas izpratni, pielietojot Blūma taksonomiju un shēmas teoriju. Lai sasniegtu šo mērķi, gadījuma izpēte tika izvēlēta kā pētīju...

  18. Uranium reserves and exploration activity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Meehan, R.J.

    1975-01-01

    The strategy that ERDA plans to employ regarding resource appraisal is outlined. All types of uranium occurrences will be evaluated as sources of domestic ore reserves. Industry's exploration efforts will be compiled. These data will include information on land acquisition and costs, footage drilled and costs, estimates of exploration activities and expenditures, exploration for non-sandstone deposits, exploration in non-established areas, and foreign exploration plans and costs. Typical data in each of these areas are given

  19. Gas reserves, discoveries and production

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Saniere, A.

    2006-01-01

    Between 2000 and 2004, new discoveries, located mostly in the Asia/Pacific region, permitted a 71% produced reserve replacement rate. The Middle East and the offshore sector represent a growing proportion of world gas production Non-conventional gas resources are substantial but are not exploited to any significant extent, except in the United States, where they account for 30% of U.S. gas production. (author)

  20. Demand Response Spinning Reserve Demonstration

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Eto, Joseph H.; Nelson-Hoffman, Janine; Torres, Carlos; Hirth,Scott; Yinger, Bob; Kueck, John; Kirby, Brendan; Bernier, Clark; Wright,Roger; Barat, A.; Watson, David S.

    2007-05-01

    The Demand Response Spinning Reserve project is a pioneeringdemonstration of how existing utility load-management assets can providean important electricity system reliability resource known as spinningreserve. Using aggregated demand-side resources to provide spinningreserve will give grid operators at the California Independent SystemOperator (CAISO) and Southern California Edison (SCE) a powerful, newtool to improve system reliability, prevent rolling blackouts, and lowersystem operating costs.

  1. Indian Reserves: Canada's Developing Nations

    OpenAIRE

    Musto, Richard J.

    1990-01-01

    Indian reserves are the most visible reminder of the separation of aboriginal people from the rest of Canada and other Canadians. Illness patterns and social conditions in Native communities closely parallel those in developing nations. While they continue to have a large burden of infectious diseases, these groups also have an increased incidence of chronic and lifestyle diseases as well as environment-related conditions. Similarities can be seen in urban areas between immigrants from abroad...

  2. GEOGRAPHICAL LANDMARKS FOR DELIMITATION OF SPORTCULTURAL SPACE DEFINED BY AMATEUR FOOTBALL IN CRIȘANA AND MARAMUREȘ (2011-2016

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandru ILIEȘ

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available The definition of a cultural-sports space is based on a background determined by geographic elements as the basis for reporting peculiarities of quantitative and qualitative amateur football. Thus are analyzed on a series of five years, and which come synthesized on the map of amateur football of the analyzed administrative space. Study area overlaps historical provinces of Crișana and Maramureș, in the territory of Bihor, Satu Mare, Sălaj and Maramureș counties. The counties are notable through particularities in a level of internal organization of amateur football, physical-geographical specific conditions, number and type of localities, demographic potential, etc. Interacting factors mentioned are reflected in the extension or range reductions to practice the most popular sport and which in turn reflects the socio-economic status of the county, commune and village. Alongside the dynamic component determined by representation of the defining elements during the 5 years (number and type of locality, number of teams in conjunction with the type of Administrative Territorial Units, the number of inhabitants, representative is full "traditional" football amateur level counties determined by the index representation of the town/village by this sport.

  3. Impact of mercury mine and smelter St. Ana – Podljubelj on spatial distribution of chemical elements in soil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tamara Teršič

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available The objective of the research project was to establish the extension of Hg pollution as a consequence of mining and smelting activities in a narrow Alpine valley. The St. Ana mine was first exploited as early as in 1557 and was finally abandoned in 1902. The entire operating period yielded about 110.000 tons of ore, from which 360 tons of Hg was produced. By soil sampling it was established that on about 9 ha the Hg contents in soil exceed the Slovenian critical values for soil (10 mg/kg. The estimated mercury mean for the studied area is 1.3 mg/kg (0.17 – 718 mg/kg. The highest contents of mercury in soilswere found in the area of the mercury smelter.That is a consequence of former atmospheric emissions and technological losses. High values of Hg were found also in soil on the mine and smelter waste dump. The highest determined contents of Hg (108 mg/kg in this area are almost 7-times lower than thecontents of Hg in the area of the smelter. Mercury in soils generally decrease with depth and distance from the mine and smelter. Apart from the area around the former mine and smelter, mercury appear in higher concentrations also along the road that runs along thevalley, which is due to the use of Hg bearing mine tailings in road construction.

  4. Transfer of egg white proteins and activation of proteases during the development of Anas platyrhynchos domestica embryo.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shbailat, Seba Jamal; Abuassaf, Razan Ataallah

    2018-03-01

    The route of egg white transfer into the yolk and the mechanisms underlying the digestion of egg proteins are unexplored in the fertilized egg of the duck, Anas platyrhynchos domestica. Here, we investigated the route(s) of egg white transfer and we determined the type of activated proteases during duck embryo development. Initially, we tested the electrophoretic patterns of egg proteins throughout development. Then, we used lysozyme as a reference protein to follow egg white transfer and we measured its activity. After that, we determined the type of activated proteases by employing different types of protease inhibitors. Several presumptive egg white protein bands appeared in different egg compartments. Also, lysozyme activity was detected chronologically on day 15 in the extraembryonic fluid, on day 17 in the amniotic and intestinal fluids and on day 19 in the yolk. Furthermore, acidic aspartic proteases seemed to be activated at hatch in the intestine and late in development in the yolk. Our results suggest that the main route of egg white transfer into the yolk is through the amniotic cavity and intestinal lumen. Also, the transferred egg white and endogenous yolk proteins are probably digested by the activated acidic proteases in the intestine and yolk.

  5. Metabolic signatures associated with environmental pollution by metals in Doñana National Park using P. clarkii as bioindicator.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gago-Tinoco, Amanda; González-Domínguez, Raúl; García-Barrera, Tamara; Blasco-Moreno, Julián; Bebianno, M J; Gómez-Ariza, José-Luis

    2014-12-01

    Bioindicators can reflect the effects of pollutants on their metabolism, being widely used to assess environmental stress. In this sense, the crab Procambarus clarkii has been previously proposed to monitor the contamination in Doñana National Park (southwest Spain) using conventional biomarkers. In this work, a metabolomic approach based on direct infusion mass spectrometry, which allows an easy and quick study of a large number of metabolites in a single run, was used for pollution assessment of this area, considering the biological response of this organism to contamination. In addition, metal accumulation in crab tissues was determined. Thus, the integrated analysis of metabolomic and metallomic data enabled the study of metabolic response of the organism against pollution. Several metabolites were discovered as potential biomarkers of pollution, such as decreased levels of carnosine, alanine, niacinamide, acetoacetate, pantothenic acid, ascorbate, glucose-6-phosphate, arginine, glucose, lactate, phospholipids, and tryglicerides, as well as elevated levels of acetyl carnitine, phosphocholine, choline, and uric acid. In this way, metal-induced toxicity could be related to metabolic impairments, principally oxidative stress, metabolic dysfunction, and dyslipidemia.

  6. [Enteric helminths of the mallard Anas platyrhynchos L., 1758 in the north-western part of Poland].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kavetska, Katarzyna M; Rzad, Izabella; Kornyushin, Vadim V; Korol, Eleonora N; Sitko, Jiljí; Szałańska, Katarzyna

    2008-01-01

    Although the mallard, Anas platyrhynchos, is the most common wild duck in Poland, as well as in the entire Palearctic, it is extremely rarely studied by comprehensive parasitological surveys. The aim of this study was to present a synthesis on the species composition of enteric helminths of the mallard in north-western Poland. The study was carried out in 1999-2006 and involved parasitic worms isolated from the alimentary tracts of 187 mallards (Anseriformes: Anatidae). Following isolation, the parasites were preserved in 70% ethylene and stained (flatworms) or viewed in transient light (nematodes and acanthocephalans). Taxonomic identity of the worms was determined using taxonomic keys and numerous original papers. The studies have revealed that the parasitic community of this host in the north-west part of Poland is relatively complex, composed of 51 species of helminths of four systematic groups: 16 digenean species, 23 tapeworms, 9 nematodes, and 3 acanthocephalans. The material also revealed five new to Polish fauna parasitic species: one trematode (Echinostoma miyagawai) and four tapeworms (Microsomacanthus baeri, M. pachycephala, Monotestilepis tadornae, and Sobolevicanthus aculeostileticus). On the other hand, for another 11 species (Prosthogonimus ovatus, Psilotrema simillimum, Australapatemon minor, Leucochloridiomorpha lutea, Psilostomum brevicolle, Echinocotyle rosseteri, Fimbriarioides sp., Retinometra giranensis, Anisakinae gen. sp., Pseudocapillaria mergi i Polymorphus magnus) the mallard was found to be a new host.

  7. POSTMORTEM DIAGNOSIS OF ONE POPULATION OF BLUE-WINGED TEAL (Anas discors IN THE STATE OF VERACRUZ

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    Lorena López-De-Buen

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available The health status of 30 Blue-winged Teal (Anas discors hunted in Amatitlán, in the central region of the state of Veracruz, Mexico, was assessed. The ducks were weighed, the wings were morphometrically measured, and of each organ the appearance, weight and length were evaluated, making comparisons between males and females, and between adults and immatures. The males weighed more than the females (n = 30, F(1,28 = 9.525, P = 0.004 and the adults more than the immatures (n = 19, F(1,17 = 6.526, P = 0.020. In all the groups the length of the wings was similar, as well as the internal organs had normal color, texture and location. The weight and size of lungs (5.4 g, 441 mm, liver (8.8 g, 608 mm, pancreas (1.5 g, 572 mm, gizzard (20.03 g, 448 mm and intestines (21 g were also similar among groups; however, the heart (3.8 g, 290 mm was larger in the males (n = 30, F(1,28 = 13.513, P = 0.0009, and the kidneys (3 g, 505 mm were heavier in the immature males (n = 19, F(1,17 = 7.417, P = 0.014. It was concluded that the Blue-winged Teal were in good health when hunted.

  8. Population estimates and monitoring guidelines for endangered Laysan Teal, Anas Laysanensis, at Midway Atoll: Pilot study results 2008-2010.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reynolds, Michelle H.; Brinck, Kevin W.; Laniawe, Leona

    2011-01-01

    Accurate estimates of population size are often crucial to determining status and planning recovery of endangered species. The ability to detect trends in survival and population size over time enables conservation managers to make effective decisions for species and refuge management. During 2004–2007, the translocated population of endangered Laysan Teal (Anas laysanensis; also Laysan Duck) was fitted with radio transmitters providing known (―gold standard‖) measures of survival and reproduction. However, as the population grew, statistically rigorous monitoring protocols were needed that were less labor intensive than radio telemetry. A population die-off and alarmingly high number of carcasses (181) were recorded during a botulism epizootic in August–October 2008, which further reinforced the need for effective monitoring protocols since this endangered species is vulnerable to catastrophic population declines. In fall 2008, we initiated a pilot study using standardized surveys with uniquely marked birds to monitor abundance and estimate the population growth rate of the reintroduced Laysan Teal. Since few birds carried marks (leg bands) after the 2008 botulism die-off (only about 15% of the population), and standardized surveys were not yet implemented, the magnitude of the die-off on the population size was unknown.

  9. Characterisation of macrophyte phenology in the Doñana marshland using MODIS NDVI time series from 2000 to 2015

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fernandez-Carrillo, A.; Rodriguez-Galiano, V. F.; Sanchez-Rodriguez, E.

    2017-10-01

    The study of the interaction between vegetation development and climate factors is paramount for the management of protected natural areas. Data provided by remote-sensing satellites and derivative products, such as vegetation indices, permit the extraction of basic information regarding the functioning of vegetation masses and their interaction with certain environmental factors. This paper carries out an approach regarding the behaviour of radiation intercepted by aquatic macrophytes present in the Doñana National Park marshland, represented by the plant association Bolboschoenetum maritimi. Based on MODIS NDVI (Normalised Difference Vegetation Index) data, the temporal dynamics of these vegetation masses were studied over a 16-year period (2000-2015), as was their typical annual behaviour, thereby deriving different indicators for seasonal dynamics (NDVI-I, RREL, MAX, MIN, MMAX and MMIN), which help to understand the basic functional characteristics for this type of vegetation. Afterwards, different regression analyses were performed between precipitation and the indicators derived from the NDVI time series. The obtained results indicated that the examined association has a strong dependence on the marshland's flooding processes, requiring a minimum annual precipitation volume (350 mm/year) for proper flooding and vegetation growth development. Furthermore, a strong correlation (r2 =0.70; nature of the vegetation masses, measured via RREL, and precipitation, as well as slightly weaker relationships between precipitation and other indicators, such as the maximum and minimum annual NDVI (r2 =0.43 and r2 =0.61; p<0.05 and p<0.05, respectively).

  10. Humid microclimates within the plumage of mallard ducks (Anas platyrhynchos) can potentially facilitate long distance dispersal of propagules

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coughlan, Neil E.; Kelly, Tom C.; Davenport, John; Jansen, Marcel A. K.

    2015-05-01

    Birds as carriers of propagules are major agents in the dispersal of plants, animals, fungi and microbes. However, there is a lack of empirical data in relation to bird-mediated, epizoochorous dispersal. The microclimate found within the plumage likely plays a pivotal role in survival during flight conditions. To investigate the potential of epizoochory, we have analysed the microclimatic conditions within the plumage of mallard ducks (Anas platyrhynchos). Under similar ambient conditions of humidity and temperature, a sample of mallards showed a consistent microclimatic regime with variation across the body surface. The highest (mean) temperature and specific humidity occurred between feathers of the postpatagium. The lowest humidity was found between feathers of the centre back and the lowest temperature in the crissum. Observed differences in plumage depth and density, and distance from the skin, are all likely to be determining factors of microclimate condition. Specific humidity found within the plumage was on average 1.8-3.5 times greater than ambient specific humidity. Thus, the plumage can supply a microclimate buffered from that of the exterior environment. Extrapolating survival data for Lemna minor desiccation at various temperature and humidity levels to the measured plumage microclimatic conditions of living birds, survival for up to 6 h can be anticipated, especially in crissum, crural and breast plumage. The results are discussed in the context of potential long distance epizoochorous dispersal by A. platyrhynchos and similar species.

  11. Bioaccumulation and biomagnification of emerging and classical flame retardants in bird eggs of 14 species from Doñana Natural Space and surrounding areas (South-western Spain).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barón, E; Máñez, M; Andreu, A C; Sergio, F; Hiraldo, F; Eljarrat, E; Barceló, D

    2014-07-01

    The occurrence of classical (polybrominated diphenyl ethers, PBDEs) and emerging FRs (dechloranes, hexabromobenzene (HBB), pentabromoethyl benzene (PBEB) and decabromodiphenyl ethane (DBDPE)) in unborn eggs of 14 different species from Doñana Natural Space and surrounding areas was studied. PBDEs, Dec-602, Dec-603 and DP were detected in all the species, whereas HBB, PBEB, DBDPE and Dec-604 were not detected in any sample. ΣPBDE and ΣDechlorane levels ranged from 1.40 to 90.7, and from 0.77 to 260 ng/g lw, respectively. BDE-209 was the most abundant BDE congener in almost all the species, whereas Dec-602 was the predominant among dechloranes. In general, levels of PBDEs and dechloranes were similar and even higher for dechloranes, probably indicating the increasing use of dechloranes as a result of legal restrictions on PBDEs. In both cases, the most contaminated specie was the white stork. Using stable isotope characterization, differences among species and possible biomagnification processes were also evaluated. PBDE levels increased as the trophic position increased, showing biomagnification capacity. The same behavior was observed for Dec-602 and Dec-603; however, DP levels were not linearly correlated with trophic level. These results show that more attention should be given to emerging FRs such as dechloranes since they show similar environmental behavior as PBDEs. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  12. Foreign Exchange Reserves: Bangladesh Perspective

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    Md Zahangir Alam

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available This study is about foreign exchangereserves of Bangladesh. The mainpurpose of this study is to the influence of exchange rates on foreign exchangereserves to the Bangladesh context.  Both the primary and secondary data has been used inthis study. The primary data has been collected through a structuredquestionnaire from 50 respondents. The secondary data, namely Bangladeshforeign exchange reserves (FER, Bangladesh current account balance (CAB,Bangladesh capital andfinancial account balance (CFAB, and BDT/USD exchange rates (ER.  This study covers yearly data from July 01,1996 to June 30, 2005 and quarterly data from July 01, 2005 to June 30, 2012. Findingsof this study shows that out of the selected 16 factors affecting foreignexchange reserves, exchange rates occupy the first position, weighted averagescore (WAS being 4.56. Foreign exchange reserves (FER and current accountbalance (CAB have increased by 502.9087% and 1451.218%,whereas capital and financial account (CFAB has decreased by -649.024% on June30, 2012 compared to June 30, 1997. The influence of other factors heldconstant, as ER changes by 285.6894 units due to one unit change in FER, onaverage in the same direction which represents that ER has positive effect on theFER and this relationship is statistically significant.  62.1526 percentof the variation in FER is explained by ER. The outcomes of Breusch-Godfrey test (LM test, ARCHtest, and the Normality test are that there is a serial correlation among residuals, the variance of residuals is notconstant, and the residuals are not normally distributed.

  13. Brain reserve and cognitive reserve in multiple sclerosis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rocca, Maria A.; Leavitt, Victoria M.; Riccitelli, Gianna; Comi, Giancarlo; DeLuca, John; Filippi, Massimo

    2013-01-01

    Objective: We first tested the brain reserve (BR) hypothesis in multiple sclerosis (MS) by examining whether larger maximal lifetime brain volume (MLBV; determined by genetics) protects against disease-related cognitive impairment, and then investigated whether cognitive reserve (CR) gained through life experience (intellectually enriching leisure activities) protects against cognitive decline independently of MLBV (BR). Methods: Sixty-two patients with MS (41 relapsing-remitting MS, 21 secondary progressive MS) received MRIs to estimate BR (MLBV, estimated with intracranial volume [ICV]) and disease burden (T2 lesion load; atrophy of gray matter, white matter, thalamus, and hippocampus). Early-life cognitive leisure was measured as a source of CR. We assessed cognitive status with tasks of cognitive efficiency and memory. Hierarchical regressions were used to investigate whether higher BR (ICV) protects against cognitive impairment, and whether higher CR (leisure) independently protects against cognitive impairment over and above BR. Results: Cognitive status was positively associated with ICV (R2 = 0.066, p = 0.017). An ICV × disease burden interaction (R2 = 0.050, p = 0.030) revealed that larger ICV attenuated the impact of disease burden on cognition. Controlling for BR, higher education (R2 = 0.047, p = 0.030) and leisure (R2 = 0.090, p = 0.001) predicted better cognition. A leisure × disease burden interaction (R2 = 0.037, p = 0.030) showed that leisure independently attenuated the impact of disease burden on cognition. Follow-up analyses revealed that BR protected against cognitive inefficiency, not memory deficits, whereas CR was more protective against memory deficits than cognitive inefficiency. Conclusion: We provide evidence of BR in MS, and show that CR independently protects against disease-related cognitive decline over and above BR. Lifestyle choices protect against cognitive impairment independently of genetic factors outside of one's control

  14. Proteomic analysis of liver development of lean Pekin duck (Anas platyrhynchos domestica).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zheng, Aijuan; Liu, Guohua; Zhang, Yunsheng; Hou, Shuisheng; Chang, Wenhuan; Zhang, Shu; Cai, Huiyi; Chen, Guilan

    2012-09-18

    The liver plays vital roles in digestion, metabolism and immune defense. To elucidate the molecular mechanism of nutrient metabolism and antioxidation of lean Pekin duck liver from hatching to slaughter, the proteome changes were investigated using 2-DE, MS, quantitative real-time PCR and bioinformatics. A total of 59 differentially expressed proteins were identified. Proteins involved in transportation were highly up-regulated in newborn ducks whereas 37 proteins associated with metabolism, defense and antioxidation were up-regulated in adult ducks. The over-expression of proteins at the last developmental stage presumably occurs to fulfill the needs of multiple functions of the liver. However, the over-expressed proteins related to transportation during the first developmental stage are involved in maintaining the high basal metabolism of newborn ducks. The functional enrichment analysis also confirmed these results. Furthermore, the protein interaction network predicted 28 proteins acting as key nodes for liver development. The validated expression between proteins and genes provides us target genes for future genetic analyses to improve the health and performance of these ducks. These significant advanced proteome data expand our knowledge on the physiology of the duck liver, thereby providing a potentially valuable foundation for molecular breeding to enhance feed efficiency and immunity and for optimizing the feeding strategy. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  15. Riesgo cardiovascular en pacientes de un consultorio médico del policlínico "Ana Betancourt" Cardiovascular risk found in patients from a doctor's office in "Ana Betancourt" polyclinics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Manuel Hernández Vázquez

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: la capacidad predictiva del riesgo coronario es superior a la que se establece por la consideración aislada de los factores de riesgo cardiovasculares. Objetivo: determinar la magnitud del riesgo coronario y las prioridades de prevención cardiovascular en pacientes pertenecientes al consultorio médico de la familia No.5, del policlínico "Ana Betancourt", en el municipio Playa. Métodos: investigación descriptiva, de corte transversal realizada entre 2009-2010. El universo de estudio estuvo constituido por las 856 personas mayores de 20 años perteneciente a dicho consultorio. Después de aplicados los criterios de selección, la muestra quedó conformada por 242 pacientes. Se utilizaron los criterios de las Tablas de Predicción del Riesgo Coronario de Framingham, que permiten estimar dicho riesgo a diez años, en las personas con factores de riesgo cardiovascular que aún no han tenido enfermedad coronaria establecida y que requieren intervenciones de cambio de su estilo de vida. Resultados: predominaron los pacientes en la categoría de riesgo coronario moderado, 97 (40,1 %, seguido por los de alto riesgo, 82 (33, 8 % y finalmente, los de bajo riesgo, 63 (26 %. Ninguno de los pacientes estudiados estaba exento de riesgo coronario. Conclusiones: es muy probable, que más de la mitad de la muestra sufra un episodio coronario, mortal o no, durante los próximos diez años. Es urgente aplicar una estrategia de intervención comunitaria, basada en la modificación de los factores de riesgo asociados al estilo de vida, que permita disminuir la actual expresión del riesgo coronario en la población estudiada.Introduction: the predictive capacity of the coronary risk is greater than the prediction set by the individual consideration of the cardiovascular risk factors. Objective: to determine the coronary risk and the cardiovascular prevention priorities in patients from the family doctor's office no.5 in "Ana Betancourt

  16. The perspectives of Brazilian homemakers concerning living with type 2 diabetes mellitus La perspectiva de ama de casa brasileña sobre la vida con diabetes mellitus tipo 2 As perspectivas de donas de casa brasileiras sobre a sua experiência com diabetes mellitus tipo 2

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    Denise Maria Guerreiro Vieira da Silva

    2012-06-01

    programas para ayudar a las mujeres para administrar con eficacia la DM2.O objetivo deste estudo foi compreender a experiência de donas de casa brasileiras com diabetes mellitus tipo 2 (DM2. Foi utilizada abordagem descritiva exploratória, e entrevistas semiestruturadas foram realizadas com 25 donas de casa, abordando sua experiência com o DM2. As entrevistas foram gravadas, transcritas e o texto resultante foi analisado usando-se o método de etapas sequenciais. Os dados convergiram para um tema dominante construindo sua identidade no contexto da família, composto por três subtemas: diferenças de gênero, preocupações do dia a dia e incongruência, entre conhecimento e comportamento, relacionada ao DM2. Esses achados sugerem que as participantes constroem sua identidade no contexto da família e que a experiência de viver com DM2 é parte integrante de sua identificação como esposa e mãe. Esses resultados têm implicações para o planejamento e a implementação de programas que contribuam para que as mulheres gerenciem seu DM2 de forma eficaz.

  17. Z' reservation at LEP2

    CERN Document Server

    Montagna, G.; Piccinini, F.; Renard, F.M.; Verzegnassi, C.

    1995-01-01

    We consider the possibility that one extra Z\\equiv Z' exists with arbitrary mass and fermion couplings that do not violate (charged) lepton universality. We show that, in such a situation, a functional relationship is generated between the \\underline{deviations} from the SM values of three leptonic observables of two-fermion production at future e^+e^- colliders that is completely independent of the values of the Z' mass and couplings. This selects a certain region in the 3-d space of the deviations that is \\underline{characteristic} of the model (Z' "reservation"). As a specific and relevant example, we show the picture that would emerge at LEP2 under realistic experimental conditions.

  18. Evidence for the exchange of blood parasites between North America and the Neotropics in blue-winged teal (Anas discors)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramey, Andy M.; Reed, John; Walther, Patrick; Link, Paul; Schmutz, Joel A.; Douglas, David; Stallknecht, David E.; Soos, Catherine

    2016-01-01

    Blue-winged teal (Anas discors) are abundant, small-bodied dabbling ducks that breed throughout the prairies of the northcentral USA and central Canada and that winter in the southern USA and northern Neotropics. Given the migratory tendencies of this species, it is plausible that blue-winged teal may disperse avian pathogens, such as parasites causing avian malaria, between spatially distant areas. To test the hypothesis that blue-winged teal play a role in the exchange of blood parasites between North America and areas further south, we collected information on migratory tendencies of this species and sampled birds at spatially distant areas during breeding and non-breeding periods to diagnose and genetically characterize parasitic infections. Using a combination of band recovery data, satellite telemetry, molecular diagnostics, and genetic analyses, we found evidence for (1) migratory connectivity of blue-winged teal between our sampling locations in the Canadian prairies and along the US Gulf Coast with areas throughout the northern Neotropics, (2) parasite acquisition at both breeding and non-breeding areas, (3) infection of blue-winged teal sampled in Canada and the USA withPlasmodium parasite lineages associated with the Neotropics, and (4) infection of blue-winged teal with parasites that were genetically related to those previously reported in waterfowl in both North America and South America. Collectively, our results suggest that blue-winged teal likely play a role in the dispersal of blood parasites between the Neotropics and North America, and therefore, the targeting of this species in surveillance programs for the early detection of Neotropical-origin avian pathogens in the USA may be informative.

  19. Light and electron microscopic study of mature spermatozoa from White Pekin duck (Anas platyrhynchos): an ultrastructural and molecular analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Majhi, Rakesh Kumar; Kumar, Ashutosh; Yadav, Manoj; Kumar, Pradeep; Maity, Apratim; Giri, Sunil C; Goswami, Chandan

    2016-03-01

    The morphology, ultrastructure, and functions of mature avian spermatozoa have been of immense commercial and scientific interest for several reasons. This is mainly important in case of birds in poultry production, conservation, and in the use of sperm morphometry as phylogenetic evidence. Avian spermatozoa share complex or no correlation of sperm morphometry with respect to testis and/or body size as described before. In this work, we have isolated mature spermatozoa from White Pekin duck (Anas platyrhynchos) by non-invasive methods and performed several immunostaining analysis as well as cytochemical analysis using electron and light microscopes. Here, we report the presence of different post-translationally modified tubulin such as tyrosinated-, detyrosinated-, acetylated-, polyglutamylated-, and glycylated-tubulin in specific regions of the mature spermatozoa. By using field-emission scanning electron microscope, we confirm the presence of acrosome-like structure at the tip of the sperm head. However, this structure remains non-reactive to common lectins such as Peanut Agglutinin (PNA) and cholesterol-sensitive dyes such as Filipin. We report that this acrosomal structure is primarily made of lipid-based structures and is resistant to 0.1% Triton X100. Confocal microscopy and super resolution structured illumination microscopy study indicates that the nucleus is bifurcated at the tip region. By using specific markers, we report that the perforatorium structure present at the tip of the spermatozoa head contains specialized organelles that is similar to atypical mitochondria. We propose that these ultrastructural and molecular parameters can be used as species-specific features. The bifurcated nucleus and presence of atypical mitochondria within this structure may be relevant for the complex mitochondrial inheritance and mitochondrial heteroplasmy observed in case of avian population. © 2016 American Society of Andrology and European Academy of Andrology.

  20. Evidence for the exchange of blood parasites between North America and the Neotropics in blue-winged teal (Anas discors).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramey, Andrew M; Reed, John A; Walther, Patrick; Link, Paul; Schmutz, Joel A; Douglas, David C; Stallknecht, David E; Soos, Catherine

    2016-10-01

    Blue-winged teal (Anas discors) are abundant, small-bodied dabbling ducks that breed throughout the prairies of the northcentral USA and central Canada and that winter in the southern USA and northern Neotropics. Given the migratory tendencies of this species, it is plausible that blue-winged teal may disperse avian pathogens, such as parasites causing avian malaria, between spatially distant areas. To test the hypothesis that blue-winged teal play a role in the exchange of blood parasites between North America and areas further south, we collected information on migratory tendencies of this species and sampled birds at spatially distant areas during breeding and non-breeding periods to diagnose and genetically characterize parasitic infections. Using a combination of band recovery data, satellite telemetry, molecular diagnostics, and genetic analyses, we found evidence for (1) migratory connectivity of blue-winged teal between our sampling locations in the Canadian prairies and along the US Gulf Coast with areas throughout the northern Neotropics, (2) parasite acquisition at both breeding and non-breeding areas, (3) infection of blue-winged teal sampled in Canada and the USA with Plasmodium parasite lineages associated with the Neotropics, and (4) infection of blue-winged teal with parasites that were genetically related to those previously reported in waterfowl in both North America and South America. Collectively, our results suggest that blue-winged teal likely play a role in the dispersal of blood parasites between the Neotropics and North America, and therefore, the targeting of this species in surveillance programs for the early detection of Neotropical-origin avian pathogens in the USA may be informative.

  1. The impact of using lead pellets on lead contamination of mallards (Anas platyrhynchos in the Czech Republic

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    Zdeňka Hutařová

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the study was to assess the degree of lead contamination in mallards in the Czech Republic as a result of using lead shots for wildfowling. Two sites used for mallard hunting were chosen, namely a flood-control reservoir in Moravia and a small fishpond in Bohemia. Lead concentrations were determined in the tissues of 20 mallards (Anas platyrhynchos raised at those standing open water sites (n = 10 at each site and killed there during the autumn hunting season with a steel shot. Control groups were made up of 20 mallards from the same breeding facility as experimental groups but raised in an enclosure without access to water (n = 10 at each site. Lead concentrations were determined in selected tissues (breast muscle, heart, liver, gizzard, kidney, feathers - quill base, lung, brain and humerus by high resolution continuum source atomic absorption spectrometry. The results showed elevated lead concentrations in all tissues of mallards compared with control in the reservoir in Southern Moravia. The highest lead concentrations (mg/kg were found in the humerus (14.254 ± 4.525 and 5.083 ± 0.748 for experimental and control mallards, respectively. In contrast, lead concentrations in mallards from small fishpond in Southern Bohemia were lower compared to control. Similarly, the highest lead concentrations were found in the humerus (2.219 ± 0.349 and 8.930 ± 1.012 for experimental and control mallards, respectively. This study extends very limited information about lead contamination of wild ducks in the Czech Republic in connection with hunting activities.

  2. Analītiskās metodes izstrādāšana Vildagliptīna daļiņu izmēru sadalījuma noteikšanai ar lāzera difrakciju

    OpenAIRE

    Stankeviča, Jeļena

    2016-01-01

    Maģistra darbā aprakstīta daļiņu izmēru sadalījuma noteikšanas lāzera difrakcijas metode. Tika veikta metodes izstrāde, pamatojoties uz izvirzītājiem kritērijiem. Tika veikta optimālo parametru (lāzera aptumsuma, maisīšanas ātruma, optimāla mērīšanas ilguma) piemeklēšana.

  3. Fuentes neoplatónicas y hermetismo en la heterodoxia de la seglar Ana de Zayas (Puebla de los Ángeles, 1690-1696

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    Zayas, Concepción

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available We will analyze the influence of hermetic philosophy in New Spain secular Ana de Zayas’ religious heterodoxy. The neoplatonic sources from she fed her thought pervaded the documents she addressed to some priest in seventeenth-century Puebla de los Angeles. Such texts caused that in 1694 she was charged of alumbradismo. Her trial occurred within a milieu in which hermeticism was cultivate for some intellectuals such as Carlos de Sigüenza and Sor Juana Ines de la Cruz. Behind her literary style, Ana de Zayas is a good example of how those philosophical currents had a direct effect in the heterodox ways to conceive and life the religion.Se analizará la influencia de fuentes neoplatónicas y herméticas en la heterodoxia de la seglar novohispana Ana de Zayas a través de los escritos que ella dirigió, a finales del siglo XVII, a los sacerdotes de su ciudad, la Puebla de los Ángeles. Dichos textos fueron la causa de que en 1694 se iniciara contra ella un proceso inquisitorial por alumbradismo. Su caso se desarrolla en un contexto cultural empapado de hermetismo, como se aprecia en las obras de sus contemporáneos Carlos de Sigüenza y sor Juana Inés de la Cruz. Más allá del mero estilo literario, Zayas es un ejemplo de cómo estas líneas filosóficas tenían una repercusión en formas heterodoxas de concebir y vivir la religión.

  4. FACIES, MICROFOSSILS (SMALLER FORAMINIFERS, CALCAREOUS ALGAE AND BIOSTRATIGRAPHY OF THE HUECO GROUP, DOÑA ANA MOUNTAINS, SOUTHERN NEW MEXICO, USA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    KARL KRAINER

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available The Lower Permian Hueco Group of the Doña Ana Mountains (south-central New Mexico, USA is studied in three sections (A, B, C located east of Leasburg, Doña Ana County. Regionally, the Hueco Group has been subdivided into four formations termed Shalem Colony, Community Pit, Robledo Mountains and Apache Dam formations; the lower three are exposed in the Doña Ana Mountains. The succession shows a shallowing upward trend from dominantly shallow, open marine conditions (Shalem Colony Fm to increasingly restricted marine environments (Community Pit Fm and siliciclastic influx (Robledo Mountains Formation. Sedimentation, particularly siliciclastic influx, was mainly controlled by reactivation of basement uplifts during the last pulses of the Ancestral Rocky Mountains deformation. The microfossils and microfacies of the two first formations are studied in detail here. The Shalem Colony Formation can be divided into a lower biozone with Triticites pinguis, which is Newwellian (latest Pennsylvanian, early Wolfcampian in age, and an upper division characterized by the first occurrence of Geinitzina, and lower-middle Asselian (late early Wolfcampian in age. By comparison with the subdivisions of the Carnic Alps (Austria, the Community Pit Formation is characterized as Sakmarian (middle Wolfcampian in age due to the first occurrence of the genus Pseudovermiporella, and its probable complete phylogeny from Hedraites. The late Asselian is restricted to the uppermost part of the Shalem Colony and lowermost part of the Community Pit Formation. Due to the occurrence of Pseudoreichelina the Robledo Mountains Formation is dated as Artinskian (late Wolfcampian. Some bioconstructions of Archaeolithophyllum are emphasized, as well as some species of foraminifers-globivalvulinids, Miliolata and Nodosariata. 

  5. Variabilidad temporal de la fauna acompañante del camarón Farfantepenaeus notialis en el Golfo de Ana María, Cuba

    OpenAIRE

    Valdés, E.; Villafuerte, V.; Domínguez, H.; Pérez, A.

    2011-01-01

    Se analizó la diversidad de la fauna acompañante del camarón en la pesquería del Golfo de Ana María (plataforma suroriental cubana), en términos de la variabilidad temporal de los grupos taxonómicos que la integran y la abundancia relativa de las especies presentes, en particular de la ictiofauna. En el período 2002-2009, los peces fueron el principal integrante de la fauna acompañante del camarón en 82 %, seguido en orden por los crustáceos, moluscos, poríferos y equinodermos con...

  6. A representação feminina em D. Narcisa de Villar, de Ana Luísa de Azevedo Castro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bárbara Loureiro Andreta

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available D. Narcisa de Villar is the only novel written by Ana Luísa de Azevedo Castro, published in 1859. In this novel, the women and the native people represent the resistance to the patriarchal, colonialist and enslaver society. As in other nineteenth century female authorship’s novels, D. Narcisa de Villar denounces the institutional and symbolical violence, which interlines the construction of the Brazilian nation, disestablishing, in this way, the configuration of the national identity, since she gave voice to the subaltern voices.

  7. Anticipación de la estación reproductiva en ovejas de la raza Churra Galega Bragançana. Inseminación artificial

    OpenAIRE

    Valentim, Ramiro; Fernandes, Mónica; Azevedo, Jorge; Mendonça, Álvaro; Almeida, José Carlos; Velasco, Helena; Simões, João; Fontes, Paulo; Maurício, Raimundo; Cardoso, Manuel; Correia, Teresa Montenegro

    2009-01-01

    Este trabajo tuvo como principal objetivo evaluar la eficacia de la aplicación de dos tratamientos hormonales distintos en la anticipación de la estación reproductiva – progestágenos + eCG vs. melatonina + progestágenos + eCG –, en ovejas de la raza Churra Galega Bragançana. Adicionalmente, por primera vez en esta raza portuguesa, se valoró el uso de la técnica de inseminación artificial (IA) cervical en relación a la monta natural (MN). De acuerdo con los resultados alcanzados, a finales del...

  8. Fuentes neoplatónicas y hermetismo en la heterodoxia de la seglar Ana de Zayas (Puebla de los Ángeles, 1690-1696)

    OpenAIRE

    Zayas, Concepción

    2014-01-01

    We will analyze the influence of hermetic philosophy in New Spain secular Ana de Zayas’ religious heterodoxy. The neoplatonic sources from she fed her thought pervaded the documents she addressed to some priest in seventeenth-century Puebla de los Angeles. Such texts caused that in 1694 she was charged of alumbradismo. Her trial occurred within a milieu in which hermeticism was cultivate for some intellectuals such as Carlos de Sigüenza and Sor Juana Ines de la Cruz. Behind her literary style...

  9. Características fonético-fonológicas das variedades de espanhol e português faladas em Sant'ana do Livramento e Rivera

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meirelles, Virginia Andrea Garrido

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho apresenta alguns dos resultados do levantamento fonético-fonológico das variedades de línguas usadas nas cidades de Sant´ana do Livramento (Brasil e Rivera (Uruguai. O estudo faz parte de um projeto maior que visava descrever parcialmente a fonologia do Português e do Espanhol falados nas duas cidades fronteiriças. Neste artigo serão apresentados os resultados da pesquisa referentes ao sistema consonantal de cada uma das variedades de língua

  10. Determination of 90Sr in the bones of Wildlife using SPE sorbent AnaLig(R) SR01 and the extraction medium TBF

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Darazova, L.; Dulanska, S.; Matel, L.

    2015-01-01

    9 0Sr was separated from the bones of wild animals from different localities of Slovakia by liquid extraction method with tributyl phosphate (TBF) and the method of molecular recognition with selective sorbent AnaLig (R) Sr01 from IBC Advanced Technologies, Inc. Comparing methodologies by linear regression, the authors found that both methodologies are appropriate for the determination of 90 Sr and provide consistent results. The specific activity of 90 Sr in roe-deer bones were in the range (7.8 to 78.5) Bq · kg -1 , where the highest activity of 90 Sr was determined in the bones of the Trencin region. (authors)

  11. Karim Benmiloud et Alba Lara-Alengrin, Tres escritoras mexicanas. Elena Poniatwoska, Ana García Bergua, Cristina Rivera Garza

    OpenAIRE

    Ponce, Néstor

    2014-01-01

    Las Presses Universitaires de Rennes acaban de publicar un volumen de crítica sobre tres escritoras mexicanas contemporáneas : Elena Poniatwoska, Ana García Bergua y Cristina Rivera Garza. El libro reúne dieciocho estudios de especialistas en la literatura y la cultura de ese país, y se completa con una introducción de los dos coordinadores, con una conclusión (“colofón”) de Alba Lara-Alengrin y con tres textos de presentación de las tres autoras. En estas páginas, las escritoras vuelven sobr...

  12. City, marginalization, and violence in José B. Adolph's Mañana, las ratas. Between realism and science-fiction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodja Bernardoni

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to investigate the novel Mañana, las ratas by the peruvian-german author  José Bernardo Adolph. Our intention is to analyze the book to point out how through cience-fiction, a literary genre usually considered as marginal, Adolph succeed in creating a text that, by representig the exclusionist dynamics and the conflicts between center and margin of peruvian urban society  of the 70’s, unmask the true nature of Power and of its stategies.

  13. City, marginalization, and violence in José B. Adolph's Mañana, las ratas. Between realism and science-fiction

    OpenAIRE

    Rodja Bernardoni

    2018-01-01

    This paper aims to investigate the novel Mañana, las ratas by the peruvian-german author  José Bernardo Adolph. Our intention is to analyze the book to point out how through cience-fiction, a literary genre usually considered as marginal, Adolph succeed in creating a text that, by representig the exclusionist dynamics and the conflicts between center and margin of peruvian urban society  of the 70’s, unmask the true nature of Power and of its stategies.

  14. Grieta en la pared, carcoma interior. Realidad frente a deseo en Emma Bovary y Ana Ozores. Perspectiva temática

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Concepción Pérez - Pérez

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available This article carries out a comparative analysis of the characters of Emma Bovary and Ana Ozores considering the assumptions of thematic criticism. The way that certain cosmological and material elements are regarded as real, brings about a set of recurrent images that acquire symbolical dimension. These images, which are the visible representation of the psycho-sensory level of the text, may relate, therefore, to the specific individual dimension of the way of perceiving and constructing a daydream vision of the real world in the act of writing. However, certain parallelisms can be established in the writings of both, Flaubert and Clarín.

  15. La femme, le conte de fées , la 1er. République au Portugal : Ana de Castro Osório

    OpenAIRE

    Ribeiro, Fernando

    2011-01-01

    Ana de Castro Osório, ao escrever Uma Lição da História (1909), traduz os saber, sentir e fazer literários segundo a sensibilidade feminina, à luz da vontade de consolidar a consciência nacional (sobremodo da mulher portuguesa nascida aristocrata ou burguesa). Ao analisar a narrativa, reflecte-se no presente artigo, sobre a alegoria como estratégia literária mais adequada para promover pela instrução nacional a implantação da república - objectivo tão imperioso quanto o momento económico e p...

  16. SANGUE E HAMBÚRGUERES – O NOVO REALISMO E O ROMANCE POLICIAL NA OBRA DE GADOS E HOMENS DE ANA PAULA MAIA.

    OpenAIRE

    Vicelli, Karina Kristiane; UFMS

    2015-01-01

    Na literatura contemporânea brasileira eclodem inúmeras narrativas marginais, dentre elas, destaca-se a obra da escritora carioca Ana Paula Maia. Embora sejam páginas escritas por mãos femininas, o que se apresenta é um universo essencialmente masculino e brutal, apresentando como base da elaboração o percurso realista naturalista. Schollhammer apontou para a problemática dos escritores denominados novos “novos realistas”, viés perceptível nos romances de Maia. Além disso, como classificar a ...

  17. ROCHA, Ana Luiza Carvalho; ECKERT, Cornelia. Antropologia da e na cidade: interpretações sobre as formas da vida urbana

    OpenAIRE

    Dauster, Tania

    2014-01-01

    Antropologia da e na cidade: interpretações sobre as formas da vida urbana, das autoras Ana Luiza Rocha e Cornelia Eckert, expressa um percurso de investigação e uma linhagem que tem como fonte a antropologia urbana em inter-relações com a antropologia da imagem. O livro é um feixe de oito artigos anteriormente publicados em periódicos científicos, oriundos de estudos antropológicos e práticas etnográficas em cidades brasileiras, com foco privilegiado em Porto Alegre. Trata-se de uma obra ded...

  18. Project W-314 acceptance test report HNF-4651 for HNF-4650 SN-268 encasement leak detection ANA-WT-LDSTA-335 for project W-314

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    HAMMERS, J.S.

    1999-01-01

    The purpose of the test was to verify that the AN Tank Farm Encasement Leak Detector components are functionally integrated and operate in accordance with engineering design specifications The Acceptance Test Procedure HNF-4650, SN-268 Encasement Leak Detection ANA-W-LDSTA-335, was conducted between 22 June and 01 July 1999 at the 200E AN Tank Farm. The test has been completed with no open test exceptions The test was conducted prior to final engineering ''as built'' activities being completed this had no impact on the procedure or test results. All components, identified in the procedure, were found to be labeled and identified as written in the procedure

  19. De la insurrección del cuerpo a un nuevo entendimiento: La estación de fiebre de Ana Istarú

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Chen Sham

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available In La estación de fiebre (1983, the poet Ana Istarú rises against chauvinism, which turns the female body into the place of woman submission. In order to counterattack it, she uses two tools, marriage and virginity, so that they are invigorated by the idea of the political manifest and the possible revolution. This political function of the body enrolls the woman in an enterprise of liberation that needs to break its imprisonment in a phallocentric tradition, by exploring her own body and sexuality, for reaching a new understanding.

  20. Long-Term Monitoring of the Flooding Regime and Hydroperiod of Doñana Marshes with Landsat Time Series (1974–2014

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo Díaz-Delgado

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a semi-automatic procedure to discriminate seasonally flooded areas in the shallow temporary marshes of Doñana National Park (SW Spain by using a radiommetrically normalized long time series of Landsat MSS, TM, and ETM+ images (1974–2014. Extensive field campaigns for ground truth data retrieval were carried out simultaneous to Landsat overpasses. Ground truth was used as training and testing areas to check the performance of the method. Simple thresholds on TM and ETM band 5 (1.55–1.75 μm worked significantly better than other empirical modeling techniques and supervised classification methods to delineate flooded areas at Doñana marshes. A classification tree was applied to band 5 reflectance values to classify flooded versus non-flooded pixels for every scene. Inter-scene cross-validation identified the most accurate threshold on band 5 reflectance (ρ < 0.186 to classify flooded areas (Kappa = 0.65. A joint TM-MSS acquisition was used to find the MSS band 4 (0.8 a 1.1 μm threshold. The TM flooded area was identical to the results from MSS 4 band threshold ρ < 0.10 despite spectral and spatial resolution differences. Band slicing was retrospectively applied to the complete time series of MSS and TM images. About 391 flood masks were used to reconstruct historical spatial and temporal patterns of Doñana marshes flooding, including hydroperiod. Hydroperiod historical trends were used as a baseline to understand Doñana’s flooding regime, test hydrodynamic models, and give an assessment of relevant management and restoration decisions. The historical trends in the hydroperiod of Doñana marshes show two opposite spatial patterns. While the north-western part of the marsh is increasing its hydroperiod, the southwestern part shows a steady decline. Anomalies in each flooding cycle allowed us to assess recent management decisions and monitor their hydrological effects.

  1. Reklāmas kampaņas izstrādāšana, īstenošana un komunikācijas problēmas: kinoteātra "Cinamon" gadījums (2008. gada oktobris - 2009. gada februāris)

    OpenAIRE

    Zvejniece, Zane

    2009-01-01

    Bakalaura darba tēma ir „Reklāmas kampaņas izstrādāšana, īstenošana un komunikācijas problēmas: kinoteātra „Cinamon” gadījums (2008. gada oktobris – 2009. gada februāris)” Kinoteātris „Cinamon” atvērts 2008. gada novembrī. Otrā daudzzāļu kinoteātra ienākšana Latvijā bija nozīmīgs notikums. Ienākot tirgū, liela nozīme ir rūpīgi izplānotai reklāmas kampaņai. Darbā izvirzīta hipotēze: ienākot tirgū un veidojot reklāmas kampaņu, kinoteātris „Cinamon” saskārās ar komunikācijas problēmām, ka...

  2. Genomic characterization of H14 subtype Influenza A viruses in new world waterfowl and experimental infectivity in mallards (Anas platyrhynchos.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrew M Ramey

    Full Text Available Recent repeated isolation of H14 hemagglutinin subtype influenza A viruses (IAVs in the New World waterfowl provides evidence to suggest that host and/or geographic ranges for viruses of this subtype may be expanding. In this study, we used genomic analyses to gain inference on the origin and evolution of H14 viruses in New World waterfowl and conducted an experimental challenge study in mallards (Anas platyrhynchos to evaluate pathogenicity, viral replication, and transmissibility of a representative viral strain in a natural host species. Genomic characterization of H14 subtype IAVs isolated from New World waterfowl, including three isolates sequenced specifically for this study, revealed high nucleotide identity among individual gene segments (e.g. ≥95% shared identity among H14 HA gene segments. In contrast, lower shared identity was observed among internal gene segments. Furthermore, multiple neuraminidase subtypes were observed for H14 IAVs isolated in the New World. Gene segments of H14 viruses isolated after 2010 shared ancestral genetic lineages with IAVs isolated from wild birds throughout North America. Thus, genomic characterization provided evidence for viral evolution in New World waterfowl through genetic drift and genetic shift since purported introduction from Eurasia. In the challenge study, no clinical disease or lesions were observed among mallards experimentally inoculated with A/blue-winged teal/Texas/AI13-1028/2013(H14N5 or exposed via contact with infected birds. Titers of viral shedding for mallards challenged with the H14N5 IAV were highest at two days post-inoculation (DPI; however shedding was detected up to nine DPI using cloacal swabs. The distribution of viral antigen among mallards infected with H14N5 IAV was largely restricted to enterocytes lining the villi in the lower intestinal tract and in the epithelium of the bursa of Fabricius. Characterization of the infectivity of A/blue-winged teal/Texas/AI13

  3. Federal Reserve System Semiannual Regulatory Agenda

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-20

    ... [The Regulatory Plan and Unified Agenda of Federal Regulatory and Deregulatory Actions] [Federal Reserve System Semiannual Regulatory Agenda ] Part XXI Federal Reserve System Semiannual Regulatory Agenda... Flexibility Agenda AGENCY: Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System. ACTION: Semiannual regulatory...

  4. WebQuest mācību modeļa izmantošana ķīmijas mācību stundās

    OpenAIRE

    Silauniece, Līga

    2010-01-01

    Darbā veikta literatūras izpēte par WebQuest kā interneta izmantošanas modeli ķīmijas mācību procesā. Analizēta WebQuest projekta sagatavošana un realizēšana, organizatoriskie un didaktiskie aspekti. Izveidots WebQuest darba apraksta piemērs ķīmijā 9. klasei. Izstrādātas vietnes par WebQuest mācību modeļa realizāciju. Izstrādāta pedagogu profesionālās pilnveides kursu programma un metodiskie ieteikumi skolotājiem.

  5. Northern Pintail (Anas acuta)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Austin, J.E.; Miller, M.R.; Poole, A.; Gill, F.

    1995-01-01

    The Northern Pintail is a medium-sized dabbling duck of slender, elegant lines and conservative plumage coloration. It is circumpolar in distribution and abundant in North America, with core nesting habitat in Alaska and the Prairie Pothole Region of southern Canada and the northern Great Plains. Breeders favor shallow wetlands interspersed throughout prairie grasslands or arctic tundra. An early fall migrant, the species arrives on wintering areas beginning in August, after wing molt, often forming large roosting and feeding flocks on open, shallow wetlands and flooded agricultural fields. The birds consume grains, marsh plant seeds, and aquatic invertebrates throughout the fall and winter. Northern Pintails are among the earliest nesting ducks in North America, beginning shortly after ice-out in many northern areas. Individuals form new pair bonds each winter but are highly promiscuous during the nesting season, with mated and unmated males often involved in vigorous, acrobatic Pursuit Flights. Annual nest success and productivity vary with water conditions, predation, and weather. Females build nests on the ground, often long distances from water. Only the female incubates; her mate leaves shortly after incubation begins. Ducklings hatch together in one day, follow the female to water after a day in the nest, and fledge by July or August. Adults and ducklings consume mainly aquatic invertebrates during the breeding season. Predators and farming operations destroy many thousands of Northern Pintail nests annually; farming has also greatly reduced the amount of quality nesting cover available. Winter habitats are threatened by water shortages, agricultural development, contamination, and urbanization. Periods of extended drought in prairie nesting regions have caused dramatic population declines, usually followed by periods of recovery. Over the long term, however, the continental population of Northern Pintails has declined significantly from 6 million birds in the early 1970s to less than 3 million in the late 1980s and early 1990s. However, new conservation measures, such as habitat restoration and enhancement of agricultural lands, as well as prudent harvest restrictions, suggest that Northern Pintails should have a secure future in North America.

  6. Antinuclear Antibodies (ANA)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... American College of Rheumatology Committee on Communications and Marketing. This information is provided for general education only. Individuals should consult a qualified health care provider for professional medical advice, diagnosis and treatment of a medical ...

  7. ANA (Antinuclear Antibody Test)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Culture Blood Gases Blood Ketones Blood Smear Blood Typing Blood Urea Nitrogen (BUN) BNP and NT-proBNP ... Luteinizing Hormone (LH) Lyme Disease Tests Magnesium Maternal Serum Screening, Second Trimester Measles and Mumps Tests Mercury ...

  8. "Nadie dijo que fuera fácil ser una princesa": Una etnografía virtual de las web "Pro-ana"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Federica Deiana

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo presentaremos el análisis de una producción virtual de contenido controvertido, conocida con el nombre de “Pro-ana”, es decir a favor de la anorexia. Este material electrónico se caracteriza por compartir una visión de los Trastorno de la Conducta Alimentaria como posibles “estilos de vida”, en clara oposición a su entendimiento como conductas patológicas y perjudiciales para los sujetos que los padecen. En este trabajo proponemos investigar las dinámicas de funcionamiento, simbolización e incorporación de la propuesta Pro-ana; analizaremos las estrategias y los recursos simbólicos utilizados para dotar esta producción de un sentido propio, centrándonos en los dispositivos que permiten al paradigma Pro-ana de establecerse como un modelo explicativo alternativo al alcance de las usuarias de estas webs.

  9. NoSQL datu bāžu izmantošanas iespējas uzņēmumos

    OpenAIRE

    Plankais, Edgars

    2015-01-01

    Mūsdienās arvien lielāku popularitāti iegūst NoSQL datu bāzu sistēmas, jo tās spēj saglabāt liela apjoma datus un ir piemērotas specifisku problēmu risināšanai. Darba mērķis ir izpētīt NoSQL izmantošanas iespējas uzņēmumiem, un saprast, kā tās var palīdzēt risināt uzņēmējdarbības problēmas. Darba pirmajā daļā tiek apskatītas relāciju datu bāzes un to izmantošanas nepilnības, kas bija iemesls NoSQL attīstībai. Otrajā darba daļā tiek aplūkoti NoSQL datu bāzu arhitektūras modeļi un to izmanto...

  10. Mitochondrial D-loop analysis for uncovering the population structure and genetic diversity among the indigenous duck (Anas platyrhynchos) populations of India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gaur, Uma; Tantia, Madhu Sudan; Mishra, Bina; Bharani Kumar, Settypalli Tirumala; Vijh, Ramesh Kumar; Chaudhury, Ashok

    2018-03-01

    The indigenous domestic duck (Anas platyrhynchos domestica) which is domesticated from Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos) contributes significantly to poor farming community in coastal and North Eastern regions of India. For conservation and maintenance of indigenous duck populations it is very important to know the existing genetic diversity and population structure. To unravel the population structure and genetic diversity among the five indigenous duck populations of India, the mitochondrial D-loop sequences of 120 ducks were analyzed. The sequence analysis by comparison of mtDNA D-loop region (470 bp) of five Indian duck populations revealed 25 mitochondrial haplotypes. Pairwise F ST value among populations was 0.4243 (p < .01) and the range of nucleotide substitution per site (Dxy) between the five Indian duck populations was 0.00034-0.00555, and the net divergence (Da) was 0-0.00355. The phylogenetic analysis in the present study unveiled three clades. The analysis revealed genetic continuity among ducks of coastal region of the country which formed a separate group from the ducks of the inland area. Both coastal as well as the land birds revealed introgression of the out group breed Khaki Campbell, which is used for breed improvement programs in India. The observations revealed very less selection and a single matrilineal lineage of indigenous domestic ducks.

  11. Llamas y rescoldos nacionales: Con la vida hicieron fuego, novela de Jesús Evaristo Casariego (1953 y película de Ana Mariscal (1957

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alfonso García, M.ª del Carmen

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines a novel by Jesús Evaristo Casariego entitled Con la vida hicieron fuego, published in 1953, and its adaptation to the cinema by Ana Mariscal in 1957. Starting out from a comparative analysis of the novel and the film highlighting the similarities and the differences between them, this paper explores the meaning of both artistic proposals. As a theoretical framework, it will rely on theories that explore the construction of national identity and its connections with gender issues.Este artículo estudia la novela de Jesús Evaristo Casariego titulada Con la vida hicieron fuego, publicada en 1953, y la adaptación cinematográfica de la obra que Ana Mariscal realizó en 1957. A partir de las similitudes y diferencias que revela el análisis comparativo del texto y el filme, el trabajo busca establecer el sentido de ambas propuestas artísticas desde la perspectiva que proporciona el marco teórico relativo a la construcción de la identidad nacional y sus relaciones con la de género.

  12. Franšīzes uzņēmuma dibināšanas iespējas starptautiskā tirgū.

    OpenAIRE

    Maklere, Madara

    2014-01-01

    Bakalaura darba autore: Madara Makere. Bakalaura darba tēma: „Franšīzes uzņēmuma dibināšanas iespējas starptautiskā tirgū”. Darbs sastāv no trim nodaļām. Pirmajā nodaļā tiek aprakstīta teorija par franšīzi un tās veidiem. Otrajā daļā tiek apskatīta informācija par franšīzi vairāk no praktiskā viedokļa, precīzāk, Latvijā esošā franšīzes uzņēmuma apskate un piesaistes uzņēmuma informācija. Trešajā daļā tiek apskatīts franšīzes dibināšanas pamats un ar to saistošā informācija. Bakalaura...

  13. Ārvalstu tiesu nolēmumu atzīšanas un izpildes problemātika Latvijā

    OpenAIRE

    Nerets, Rūdolfs

    2010-01-01

    Maģistra darba tēma „Ārvalstu tiesu nolēmumu atzīšanas un izpildes problēmas Latvijā” ir ļoti aktuāls jautājums mūsdienu starptautiskajās privātajās tiesībās. Pašreizējais tiesiskais regulējums ir nepilnīgs, tāpēc tajā veicami grozījumi un papildinājumi, kas novērstu būtiskākās ārvalstu tiesu nolēmumu atzīšanas un izpildes problēmas Latvijā. Turklāt Latvijā spēkā esošajiem normatīvajiem tiesību aktiem ir jābūt atbilstošiem pastāvošajai ārvalstu praksei un starptautiskajam tiesiskajam reg...

  14. Empowerment for Ladies: readings of Milady of Myself by Maria Teresa Horta and Milady of What? by Ana Luísa Amaral

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabio Mario da Silva

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available The reunion with the “self”, the “dressing up” of self, in an innermost representation of the “feminine/female soul”, bringing some aspects of everyday-life as important references, allows Maria Teresa Horta and Ana Luísa Amaral to construct poetry in which the feminine lyrical self takes not only possession of what she observes, but also the power to make decisions about her life, as “lady” and “owner” of herself, in a speech free of patriarchal oppression. In this article we will analyze how various “ladies” are built in these two works, underlining that Minha Senhora de Mim is configured as a milestone of Portuguese poetry by women, opening a rift to restore possession of the speech (and of the body to women without sociocultural impediments that might limit the work of the woman writer; and how Ana Luísa Amaral, paraphrasing Maria Teresa Horta in an obvious homage in Minha Senhora de Quê builds a work with its own identity within a different feminist perspective.

  15. Project W-314 acceptance test report HNF-4643 for HNF-4642 241-AN-A valve pit manifold valves and position indication for project W-314

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    HAMMERS, J.S.

    1999-01-01

    The purpose of the test was to verify that the AN Tank Farm Manifold Valves can be manually manipulated to the required operating position and that the electrical and visual indications accurately reflect that position. Physical locking devices were also verified to function. The Acceptance Test Procedure HNF-4642, 241-AN-A Valve Pit Manifold Valves and Position Indication was conducted between 23 June and 10 August 1999 at the 200E AN Tank Farm. The test has no open test exceptions. The test was conducted prior to final engineering ''as built'' activities being completed, this had an impact on the procedure and test results, ECN 653752 was written to correct the mismatch between the procedure and actual field conditions. P and ID H-14-100941 was changed via ECN-W-314-4C-120. All components, identified in the procedure, were not found to be labeled and identified as written in the procedure, temporary tags were used for operational identification. A retest of valve ANA-WT-V 318 was required because it was removed from its installed position and modified after testing was completed

  16. Tirdzniecības sistēmas izstrādāšana starpbanku valūtas tirgū

    OpenAIRE

    Paļitovs, Aleksandrs

    2012-01-01

    Bakalaura darba tēma ir „Tirdzniecības sistēmas izstrādāšana starpbanku valūtas tirgū”. Valūtu tirgus popularitāti veicinājusi finanšu tirgus globalizācija, datorizācija un Interneta izmantošanas palielināšanās, kā arī relatīvi neliels nepieciešamais sākotnējais ieguldījums. Ļoti bieži iesācēji bez priekšzināšanām un pieredzi valūtu tirgū pazaudē savu depozītu. Forex tirdzniecība par 80% balstās uz paša treidera psiholoģiju. Lai minimizētu treideru emocionālus un psiholoģiskus faktorus, autor...

  17. Differences in the detection of highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N1 virus in feather samples from 4-week-old and 24-week-old infected Pekin ducks (Anas platyrhynchos var. domestica).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aiello, Roberta; Beato, Maria Serena; Mancin, Marzia; Rigoni, Michela; Tejeda, Aurora Romero; Maniero, Silvia; Capua, Ilaria; Terregino, Calogero

    2013-08-30

    Previous studies have reported the detection of H5N1 HPAI virus in feathers from ducks naturally and experimentally infected and suggested that feather calami (FC) could be used as diagnostic samples for the early detection of H5N1 HPAI infections. Ducks are readily infected with H5N1 HPAI viruses although the development of clinical signs and deaths were reported as age-related with younger birds being more susceptible. The correlation between age and virus localisation in FC of infected ducks has not been studied to date. In the present study juvenile (4-week-old) and adult (24-week-old) Pekin ducks (Anas platyrhynchos var. domestica) were infected experimentally with a clade 2.2 H5N1 HPAI virus (A/duck/Nigeria/1071-23/2007). Tracheal (Tr) and cloacal (Cl) swabs and FC were collected at 3, 5, 7 and 10 days post infection and tested by RRT-PCR and a double antibody sandwich-ELISA (DAS-ELISA) developed in house. Virus was detected in swabs and FC of challenged ducks with a higher rate of detection in juvenile ducks. In this age group virus was detected over a longer period of time in FC compared to swabs. Our study showed that FC samples collected from young ducks are a valid diagnostic specimen for H5N1 HPAI virus detection. The DAS-ELISA on FC proved to be a suitable alternative diagnostic test when molecular and/or virus isolation techniques are not available therefore it could be useful in the diagnosis of H5N1 HPAI infections in under-resourced countries. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  18. 24 CFR 891.605 - Replacement reserve.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Replacement reserve. 891.605... 8 Assistance § 891.605 Replacement reserve. (a) Establishment of reserve. The Borrower shall establish and maintain a replacement reserve to aid in funding extraordinary maintenance, and repair and...

  19. 24 CFR 891.405 - Replacement reserve.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Replacement reserve. 891.405....405 Replacement reserve. (a) Establishment of reserve. The Owner shall establish and maintain a replacement reserve to aid in funding extraordinary maintenance and repair and replacement of capital items...

  20. Cognitive Reserve: Implications for Assessment and Intervention

    OpenAIRE

    Stern, Yaakov

    2013-01-01

    The concept of reserve is used to explain the observation that some individuals function better than others in the presence of brain pathology. This paper reviews the concept of reserve from its theoretical basis to the implication of reserve for clinical practice. A distinction between brain reserve, referring to individual differences in the anatomic substrate, and cognitive reserve, referring to differences in the flexibility or adaptivity of cognitive networks, is useful. Epidemiologic ev...

  1. Selection for Duration of Fertility and Mule Duck White Plumage Colour in a Synthetic Strain of Ducks (Anas platyrhynchos).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, H C; Huang, J F; Lee, S R; Liu, H L; Hsieh, C H; Huang, C W; Huang, M C; Tai, C; Poivey, J P; Rouvier, R; Cheng, Y S

    2015-05-01

    A synthetic strain of ducks (Anas platyrhynchos) was developed by introducing genes for long duration of fertility to be used as mother of mule ducklings and a seven-generation selection experiment was conducted to increase the number of fertile eggs after a single artificial insemination (AI) with pooled Muscovy semen. Reciprocal crossbreeding between Brown Tsaiya LRI-2 (with long duration of fertility) and Pekin L-201 (with white plumage mule ducklings) ducks produced the G0. Then G1 were intercrossed to produce G2 and so on for the following generations. Each female duck was inseminated 3 times, at 26, 29, and 32 weeks of age. The eggs were collected for 14 days from day 2 after AI. Individual data regarding the number of incubated eggs (Ie), the number of fertile eggs at candling at day 7 of incubation (F), the total number of dead embryos (M), the maximum duration of fertility (Dm) and the number of hatched mule ducklings (H) with plumage colour were recorded. The selection criterion was the breeding values of the best linear unbiased prediction animal model for F. The results show high percentage of exhibited heterosis in G2 for traits to improve (19.1% for F and 12.9% for H); F with a value of 5.92 (vs 3.74 in the Pekin L-201) was improved in the G2. Heritabilities were found to be low for Ie (h (2) = 0.07±0.03) and M (h (2) = 0.07±0.01), moderately low for Dm (h (2) = 0.13±0.02), of medium values for H (h (2) = 0.20±0.03) and F (h (2) = 0.23±0.03). High and favourable genetic correlations existed between F and Dm (rg = 0.93), between F and H (rg = 0.97) and between Dm and H (rg = 0.90). The selection experiment showed a positive trend for phenotypic values of F (6.38 fertile eggs in G10 of synthetic strain vs 5.59 eggs in G4, and 3.74 eggs in Pekin L-201), with correlated response for increasing H (5.73 ducklings in G10 vs 4.86 in G4, and 3.09 ducklings in Pekin L-201) and maximum duration of the fertile period without increasing the embryo mortality

  2. Assessment of secondary aluminum reserves of nations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Maung, Kyaw Nyunt; Yoshida, Tomoharu; Liu, Gang

    2017-01-01

    A classification framework of the secondary resources was applied to evaluate the framework's applicability and to assess secondary aluminum reserves for 19 countries. Estimated amounts of secondary aluminum reserves in 2010 were 85 million tonnes in the United States, 65 million tonnes in China......, 29 million tonnes in Japan, and 413 million tonnes globally. For the United States, its secondary reserves are larger than its primary reserves, although the global primary reserves (28,000 million tonnes) are much larger than the estimated secondary reserves. Considerable amounts of secondary...

  3. Trends in nutrient concentrations, loads, and yields in streams in the Sacramento, San Joaquin, and Santa Ana Basins, California, 1975-2004

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kratzer, Charles R.; Kent, Robert; Seleh, Dina K.; Knifong, Donna L.; Dileanis, Peter D.; Orlando, James L.

    2011-01-01

    A comprehensive database was assembled for the Sacramento, San Joaquin, and Santa Ana Basins in California on nutrient concentrations, flows, and point and nonpoint sources of nutrients for 1975-2004. Most of the data on nutrient concentrations (nitrate, ammonia, total nitrogen, orthophosphate, and total phosphorus) were from the U.S. Geological Survey's National Water Information System database (35.2 percent), the California Department of Water Resources (21.9 percent), the University of California at Davis (21.6 percent), and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's STOrage and RETrieval database (20.0 percent). Point-source discharges accounted for less than 1 percent of river flows in the Sacramento and San Joaquin Rivers, but accounted for close to 80 percent of the nonstorm flow in the Santa Ana River. Point sources accounted for 4 and 7 percent of the total nitrogen and total phosphorus loads, respectively, in the Sacramento River at Freeport for 1985-2004. Point sources accounted for 8 and 17 percent of the total nitrogen and total phosphorus loads, respectively, in the San Joaquin River near Vernalis for 1985-2004. The volume of wastewater discharged into the Santa Ana River increased almost three-fold over the study period. However, due to improvements in wastewater treatment, the total nitrogen load to the Santa Ana River from point sources in 2004 was approximately the same as in 1975 and the total phosphorus load in 2004 was less than in 1975. Nonpoint sources of nutrients estimated in this study included atmospheric deposition, fertilizer application, manure production, and tile drainage. The estimated dry deposition of nitrogen exceeded wet deposition in the Sacramento and San Joaquin Valleys and in the basin area of the Santa Ana Basin, with ratios of dry to wet deposition of 1.7, 2.8, and 9.8, respectively. Fertilizer application increased appreciably from 1987 to 2004 in all three California basins, although manure production increased in the

  4. Ecological similarities between two Mediterranean wetlands: Sidi Boughaba (North-West Morocco and the Doñana National Park (South-West Spain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Najat Elkhiati

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Addressing the underlying common processes within aquatic systems located in the same geographical region has long been used as a tool for the advancement of limnology. A limnological study of the Merja Sidi Boughaba in 2009 has shown that there are many common features between the physico-chemical and biological conditions of this site and previous data reported from some of the wetlands of the Doñana National Park (South-West Spain. Both are Ramsar sites located on extensive dune systems of the Atlantic coast with a Mediterranean climate. They have a common palaeoenvironmental history that is largely responsible for their similar hydrology and water composition. Oceanic influence has probably produced a slight disproportion of Mg2+ over Ca2+ through airborne sea salt deposition and the surface evaporation of groundwater feeding these wetlands during annual flood and drought cycles. The wide spectrum of environmental conditions encountered in the Doñana wetlands is epitomised by the Merja Sidi Boughaba, where water and sediment gradually change in the same water body from north to south: from humic-coloured waters and a sandy substrate to a calcium-rich substrate with turbid and silted waters which eventually dry out. As a consequence, the community of submersed macrophytes is very rich and dominated by dense charophyte beds. The high primary production coupled with high biodiversity found in the Merja Sidi Boughaba is also shared by the Doñana wetlands. The high conservation status of both sites enables a useful comparison to be made of the water quality of shallow aquatic systems at a regional scale which, contrary to the trophic classifications developed for deep stratified lakes in temperate regions, is not based on regressions between the concentrations of chlorophyll and total phosphorus (Tot-P but on the proportions of dissolved and particulate P pools. In these Mediterranean sites, nutrients are more efficiently recycled through the

  5. The acid-tolerant L-arabinose isomerase from the mesophilic Shewanella sp. ANA-3 is highly active at low temperatures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rhimi, Moez; Bajic, Goran; Ilhammami, Rimeh; Boudebbouze, Samira; Maguin, Emmanuelle; Haser, Richard; Aghajari, Nushin

    2011-11-10

    L-arabinose isomerases catalyse the isomerization of L-arabinose into L-ribulose at insight biological systems. At industrial scale of this enzyme is used for the bioconversion of D-galactose into D-tagatose which has many applications in pharmaceutical and agro-food industries. The isomerization reaction is thermodynamically equilibrated, and therefore the bioconversion rates is shifted towards tagatose when the temperature is increased. Moreover, to prevent secondary reactions it will be of interest to operate at low pH. The profitability of this D-tagatose production process is mainly related to the use of lactose as cheaper raw material. In many dairy products it will be interesting to produce D-tagatose during storage. This requires an efficient L-arabinose isomerase acting at low temperature and pH values. The gene encoding the L-arabinose isomerase from Shewanella sp. ANA-3 was cloned and overexpressed in Escherichia coli. The purified protein has a tetrameric arrangement composed by four identical 55 kDa subunits. The biochemical characterization of this enzyme showed that it was distinguishable by its maximal activity at low temperatures comprised between 15-35°C. Interestingly, this biocatalyst preserves more than 85% of its activity in a broad range of temperatures from 4.0 to 45°C. Shewanella sp. ANA-3 L-arabinose isomerase was also optimally active at pH 5.5-6.5 and maintained over 80% of its activity at large pH values from 4.0 to 8.5. Furthermore, this enzyme exhibited a weak requirement for metallic ions for its activity evaluated at 0.6 mM Mn2+. Stability studies showed that this protein is highly stable mainly at low temperature and pH values. Remarkably, T268K mutation clearly enhances the enzyme stability at low pH values. Use of this L-arabinose isomerase for D-tagatose production allows the achievement of attractive bioconversion rates of 16% at 4°C and 34% at 35°C. Here we reported the purification and the biochemical characterization of

  6. The acid-tolerant L-arabinose isomerase from the mesophilic Shewanella sp. ANA-3 is highly active at low temperatures

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-01

    Background L-arabinose isomerases catalyse the isomerization of L-arabinose into L-ribulose at insight biological systems. At industrial scale of this enzyme is used for the bioconversion of D-galactose into D-tagatose which has many applications in pharmaceutical and agro-food industries. The isomerization reaction is thermodynamically equilibrated, and therefore the bioconversion rates is shifted towards tagatose when the temperature is increased. Moreover, to prevent secondary reactions it will be of interest to operate at low pH. The profitability of this D-tagatose production process is mainly related to the use of lactose as cheaper raw material. In many dairy products it will be interesting to produce D-tagatose during storage. This requires an efficient L-arabinose isomerase acting at low temperature and pH values. Results The gene encoding the L-arabinose isomerase from Shewanella sp. ANA-3 was cloned and overexpressed in Escherichia coli. The purified protein has a tetrameric arrangement composed by four identical 55 kDa subunits. The biochemical characterization of this enzyme showed that it was distinguishable by its maximal activity at low temperatures comprised between 15-35°C. Interestingly, this biocatalyst preserves more than 85% of its activity in a broad range of temperatures from 4.0 to 45°C. Shewanella sp. ANA-3 L-arabinose isomerase was also optimally active at pH 5.5-6.5 and maintained over 80% of its activity at large pH values from 4.0 to 8.5. Furthermore, this enzyme exhibited a weak requirement for metallic ions for its activity evaluated at 0.6 mM Mn2+. Stability studies showed that this protein is highly stable mainly at low temperature and pH values. Remarkably, T268K mutation clearly enhances the enzyme stability at low pH values. Use of this L-arabinose isomerase for D-tagatose production allows the achievement of attractive bioconversion rates of 16% at 4°C and 34% at 35°C. Conclusions Here we reported the purification and the

  7. The acid-tolerant L-arabinose isomerase from the mesophilic Shewanella sp. ANA-3 is highly active at low temperatures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rhimi Moez

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background L-arabinose isomerases catalyse the isomerization of L-arabinose into L-ribulose at insight biological systems. At industrial scale of this enzyme is used for the bioconversion of D-galactose into D-tagatose which has many applications in pharmaceutical and agro-food industries. The isomerization reaction is thermodynamically equilibrated, and therefore the bioconversion rates is shifted towards tagatose when the temperature is increased. Moreover, to prevent secondary reactions it will be of interest to operate at low pH. The profitability of this D-tagatose production process is mainly related to the use of lactose as cheaper raw material. In many dairy products it will be interesting to produce D-tagatose during storage. This requires an efficient L-arabinose isomerase acting at low temperature and pH values. Results The gene encoding the L-arabinose isomerase from Shewanella sp. ANA-3 was cloned and overexpressed in Escherichia coli. The purified protein has a tetrameric arrangement composed by four identical 55 kDa subunits. The biochemical characterization of this enzyme showed that it was distinguishable by its maximal activity at low temperatures comprised between 15-35°C. Interestingly, this biocatalyst preserves more than 85% of its activity in a broad range of temperatures from 4.0 to 45°C. Shewanella sp. ANA-3 L-arabinose isomerase was also optimally active at pH 5.5-6.5 and maintained over 80% of its activity at large pH values from 4.0 to 8.5. Furthermore, this enzyme exhibited a weak requirement for metallic ions for its activity evaluated at 0.6 mM Mn2+. Stability studies showed that this protein is highly stable mainly at low temperature and pH values. Remarkably, T268K mutation clearly enhances the enzyme stability at low pH values. Use of this L-arabinose isomerase for D-tagatose production allows the achievement of attractive bioconversion rates of 16% at 4°C and 34% at 35°C. Conclusions Here we

  8. Las yeguas marismeñas de Doñana: naturaleza, tradición e identidades sociales en un espacio protegido

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Murphy, Michael D.

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available The breeding of Andalusia's feral marsh horses stands out among other examples of Doñana National Park's extraordinary legacy of social and cultural traditions. This is so not only because of its importance as a venerable livestock management system, unique and vibrant still despite being surprisingly little known and scarecly studied, but also because it constitutes a notable example of the contributions that Andalusian culture has made to the rest of the world. Marsh animal husbandry is, without a doubt, the cultural matrix out of which developed the livestock traditions of the Americas. By situating this cultural complex within an International comparative framework, we argue that the human involvement with Doñana's feral horses may be distinguished from other similar cases in the world because their care and maintenance has been converted, to an extraordinary degree, into a central element of the local culture. Highly emotional social processes are involved in the construction and maintenance of a collective social identity that expresses itself in perennial conflicts with the authorities of the Park over its feral horses.

    Entre el extraordinario legado de tradiciones sociales y culturales del Parque Nacional de Doñana (Suroeste de Andalucía sobresale la cría de caballos marismeños asilvestrados, no sólo por su importancia como práctica ganadera ancestral, viva e insólita, sorprendentemente poco conocida y apenas estudiada, sino también porque constituye un ejemplo eminente de las contribuciones de la cultura andaluza al resto del mundo. La ganadería marismeña es, sin duda, la matriz cultural de las tradiciones ganaderas de América. En este artículo se aborda su análisis dentro de un marco comparativo internacional del que se deduce que lo que verdaderamente distingue la cría de los caballos marismeños de otros casos paralelos en el mundo es haberse convertido en un elemento central de la cultura local, mediante

  9. Cognitive Reserve: Implications for Assessment and Intervention

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stern, Yaakov

    2014-01-01

    The concept of reserve is used to explain the observation that some individuals function better than others in the presence of brain pathology. This paper reviews the concept of reserve from its theoretical basis to the implication of reserve for clinical practice. A distinction between brain reserve, referring to individual differences in the anatomic substrate, and cognitive reserve, referring to differences in the flexibility or adaptivity of cognitive networks, is useful. Epidemiologic evidence indicates that a set of life exposures including higher educational and occupational attainment, and engaging in leisure activities is associated with a lower risk of incident dementia, suggesting that these life exposures may enhance cognitive reserve. This provides a basis for controlled clinical studies can test specific exposures that may enhance reserve. The concept of cognitive reserve also has important implications for clinical practice in terms of diagnosis and prognosis. PMID:23941972

  10. Clipboard: Unraveling the mystery of cognitive reserve

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Biosciences; Volume 40; Issue 2. Clipboard : Unraveling the mystery of cognitive reserve ... Keywords. Aging; Alzheimer's; bilingualism; cognitive reserve; dementia; Down's; education; enrichment; environment; learning; long term potentiation; LTP; memory; neuroepigenetics; plasticity ...

  11. Transforming the Reserve Component: Four Essays

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Binnendijk, Hans; Baranick, Michael J; Bell, Raymond E., Jr; Cordero, Gina; Duncan, Stephen M; Holshek, Christopher; Wentz, Larry

    2005-01-01

    This volume contains four essays on various aspects of the Reserve Component. We publish it at a time when Reserves are serving overseas at historically high rates and when new missions like homeland security demand their attention...

  12. 5 CFR 330.610 - [Reserved

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false [Reserved] 330.610 Section 330.610 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS RECRUITMENT, SELECTION, AND... Employees § 330.610 [Reserved] ...

  13. 5 CFR 330.603 - [Reserved

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false [Reserved] 330.603 Section 330.603 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS RECRUITMENT, SELECTION, AND... Employees § 330.603 [Reserved] ...

  14. Reserving by detailed conditioning on individual claim

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kartikasari, Mujiati Dwi; Effendie, Adhitya Ronnie; Wilandari, Yuciana

    2017-03-01

    The estimation of claim reserves is an important activity in insurance companies to fulfill their liabilities. Recently, reserving method of individual claim have attracted a lot of interest in the actuarial science, which overcome some deficiency of aggregated claim method. This paper explores the Reserving by Detailed Conditioning (RDC) method using all of claim information for reserving with individual claim of liability insurance from an Indonesian general insurance company. Furthermore, we compare it to Chain Ladder and Bornhuetter-Ferguson method.

  15. Poverty and corruption compromise tropical forest reserves.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wright, S Joseph; Sanchez-Azofeifa, G Arturo; Portillo-Quintero, Carlos; Davies, Diane

    2007-07-01

    We used the global fire detection record provided by the satellite-based Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) to determine the number of fires detected inside 823 tropical and subtropical moist forest reserves and for contiguous buffer areas 5, 10, and 15 km wide. The ratio of fire detection densities (detections per square kilometer) inside reserves to their contiguous buffer areas provided an index of reserve effectiveness. Fire detection density was significantly lower inside reserves than in paired, contiguous buffer areas but varied by five orders of magnitude among reserves. The buffer: reserve detection ratio varied by up to four orders of magnitude among reserves within a single country, and median values varied by three orders of magnitude among countries. Reserves tended to be least effective at reducing fire frequency in many poorer countries and in countries beset by corruption. Countries with the most successful reserves include Costa Rica, Jamaica, Malaysia, and Taiwan and the Indonesian island of Java. Countries with the most problematic reserves include Cambodia, Guatemala, Paraguay, and Sierra Leone and the Indonesian portion of Borneo. We provide fire detection density for 3964 tropical and subtropical reserves and their buffer areas in the hope that these data will expedite further analyses that might lead to improved management of tropical reserves.

  16. 24 CFR 572.125 - Replacement reserves.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Replacement reserves. 572.125...) Homeownership Program Requirements-Implementation Grants § 572.125 Replacement reserves. (a) Purpose. A single replacement reserve may be established for the homeownership program only if HUD determines it is necessary to...

  17. 24 CFR 880.602 - Replacement reserve.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Replacement reserve. 880.602... Replacement reserve. (a) A replacement reserve must be established and maintained in an interest-bearing account to aid in funding extraordinary maintenance and repair and replacement of capital items. (1) Part...

  18. 24 CFR 891.745 - Replacement reserve.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Replacement reserve. 891.745... and Individuals-Section 162 Assistance § 891.745 Replacement reserve. The general requirements for the replacement reserve are provided in § 891.605. For projects funded under §§ 891.655 through 891.790, the...

  19. Reserve evaluation of minerals at NUCLEBRAS

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Marques, J.P.M.; Guerra, P.A.G.; Vinha, C.A.G. da

    1980-10-01

    The method used for the reserve evaluation of minerals, particularly of uranium, as used worldwide, and specially at NUCLEBRAS is described. This is done through a series of procedures envolving basic definitions, reserve evaluation methods (conventional, statistical and geoestatistical), data management, use of computer systems, classification and evaluation of reserves. (Author) [pt

  20. John Brainerd and the First Indian Reservation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harper, Susanne Banta

    1979-01-01

    Describes the humanitarian founding in 1758 of the nation's first reservation--the Brotherton reservation for New Jersey's Lenni Lenape (Algonquin) Indians. The people were demoralized, sick, and decimated in numbers; and so the venture failed. In 1801 those few remaining sold the reservation and moved to join related tribes in New York. (DS)

  1. Ziemeļlatgales atbrīvošana 1920.g. janvārī – februārī: militārās operācijas norise

    OpenAIRE

    Burga, Māris

    2010-01-01

    Darbā tiek apskatīta Ziemeļlatgales atbrīvošanas operācija – daļa no pēdējā un vismazāk pētītā Latvijas Neatkarības kara posma – Latgales atbrīvošanas. Tikai pēc Latgales atbrīvošanas kļuva iespējama visu latviešu apdzīvoto reģionu apvienošana un pilnvērtīgas Latvijas valsts izveide. Darba mērķis ir apskatīt un izvērtēt Latvijas armijas darbību, tās panākumus un neveiksmes, Ziemeļlatgalē, 1920. gada janvārī. Darbs aptver laika posmu no 1919. gada novembra, kad sākās gatavošanās Latgales at...

  2. Descripción de la gestion de agua de riego de las comunidades de Cebada Jich'ana y Damy Rancho pertenecientes al sistema de riego Totora Qhocha

    OpenAIRE

    Botello, R.C.

    2007-01-01

    Este docuumento de trabajo ofrece un descripción de la situacion de derechos al agua, repartos de agua, y la ley de agua en Cebada Jich'ana y Damy Ranchero. LTRA-3 (Watershed-based NRM for Small-scale Agriculture)

  3. Pārliecināšanas paņēmieni zīmola "LMT" reklāmās pēc tēla maiņas (2013)

    OpenAIRE

    Graustiņa, Annija

    2014-01-01

    Bakalaura darba „Pārliecināšanas paņēmieni zīmola "LMT" reklāmās pēc tēla maiņas (2013)” mērķis ir noskaidrot, kādi pārliecināšanas paņēmieni izmantoti „LMT” reklāmās pēc zīmola tēla maiņas, kādi bijuši reklāmu uzstādītie mērķi un pārliecināšanas paņēmienu iedarbība. Darba uzdevumi ietver teorētisko konceptu analīzi, kas saistīta ar zīmolu, zīmola tēlu, zīmola tēla maiņu, reklāmu, pārliecināšanas paņēmieniem reklāmā un semiotiku. Metodoloģijas daļā izvēlēties un analizēt pētījumam atbilsto...

  4. Mācību sasniegumu vērtēšana 6.klases matemātikas kursā

    OpenAIRE

    Amarova, Anastasija

    2014-01-01

    Bakalaura darba tēma: „Mācību sasniegumu vērtēšana 6.klases matemātikas kursā”. Bakalaura darba autors: Anastasija Amarova. Bakalaura darba mērķis: izpētīt skolēnu mācību sasniegumu vērtēšanu 6.klases matemātikas kursā. Bakalaura darbu veido ievads, piecas nodaļas, secinājumi, divi pielikumi, izmantotās literatūras saraksts ar 29 vienībām. Bakalaura darbā tika izanalizēta pedagoģiskā un psiholoģiskā literatūra par mācību sasniegumiem 6. klases matemātikas kursā; par mācību sasniegumu vērtē...

  5. Vildagliptīna satura un blakuspiemaisījumu satura noteikšanas AEŠH metodes izstrāde un validācija

    OpenAIRE

    Paškova, Olga

    2015-01-01

    Vildagliptīna satura un blakuspiemaisījumu satura noteikšanas AEŠH metodes izstrāde un validācija. Paškova O., zinātniskie vadītāji Dr. Chem. Bolotin A., Dr. Chem. Mekšs P., Maģistra darbs, 86 lappuses, 34 attēli, 52 tabulas, 26 literatūras avoti, 4 pielikumi. Latviešu valodā. Vildagliptīns ir jaunas klases antidiabētiskais preparāts. Katrai AFV jāzin tās saturs un piemaisījumu daudzums, jo no tā ir atkarīga medikamenta iedarbība. Darbā tika izstrādātas AEŠH/UV metodes pamatvielas satura ...

  6. Composition and spatial distribution of the fish community in temporal ponds of the marshland of Doñana National Park

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raquel Moreno-Valcárcel

    2015-10-01

    The fish community in the ponds consisted of 10 species, with exotic species being the most frequent (Cyprinus carpio, Fundulus heteroclitus and Gambusia holbrooki and also contributing the most abundance and biomass. The existence of spatial correlation between ponds indicated that structure of the fish community varied in relation to its location. This was corrected through the inclusion of spatial variables (connectivity variables. Results of BIO-ENV showed that the connectivity variables were the most correlated with the structure of the fish community, and the variables vegetative cover and pond area were also important. The best possible combination of the variables in relation to the distribution patterns of the fish community showed a correlation index of about 50%, while other factors such as predation and the biology of the species could be fundamental mechanisms affecting the fish composition in the temporal ponds of the marshland of Doñana National Park.

  7. Vecāku audzināšanas stilu saistība ar pašcieņu pusaudžu vecumā

    OpenAIRE

    Miķelsone-Ježaka, Dace

    2008-01-01

    Darba mērķis ir izpētīt pašcieņas saistību ar mātes un tēvu audzināšanas stilu bērnībā. Pētījumā piedalījās 105 pusaudži no dažādām skolām vecumā no 16 līdz 18 gadiem, kas dzīvo pilnās ģimenēs. Tika izmantotas 2 aptaujas: 1. Vecāku autoritātes novērtējuma aptauja (The Parental Authority Questionnaire, Buri, 1991; Griškina, 2002). 2. Rozenberga pašcieņas aptauja (The Rosenberg Self – esteem Scale, Rosenberg, 1965).

  8. Assessment of genotoxic damage by the comet assay in white storks (Ciconia ciconia) after the Doñana Ecological Disaster.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pastor, N; López-Lázaro, M; Tella, J L; Baos, R; Hiraldo, F; Cortés, F

    2001-05-01

    Single cell gel electrophoresis, the so-called "Comet" assay, was performed as a genotoxicity test in white storks sampled in an area heavily contaminated after the ecological disaster in south western Spain. This disaster occurred as a consequence of a massive toxic spillage of acid waste rich in heavy metals that impacted on the Doñana National Park. The importance of this protected area as a breeding and wintering site for many endangered bird species makes this analysis of DNA damage of special interest. Our results clearly show that white storks born in the contaminated area 1 year after the toxic spill bear a high burden of genetic damage as compared with control individuals. The possible implications for future survival as well as reproductive rate are discussed.

  9. Barreto, António; Benavente, Ana; Figueiredo, Eurico; Ferreira, J. M. e Alexandre, Valentim, Pátria utópica: o Grupo de Genebra revisitado

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pilar Damião de Medeiros

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Em Pátria utópica, António Barreto, Ana Benavente, Eurico Figueiredo, José Medeiros Ferreira e Valentim Alexandre revisitam em conjunto a decisão do exílio, o seu engajamento político em clima universitário, a estadia em Genebra como espaço marginal de resistência, de formação pessoal e académica e, por fim, o seu regresso à Pátria. A referência às aspirações e lutas políticas, à prisão, e tortura nalguns casos, às discussões nos Cafés Landolt e du Commerce em Genebra, aos debates nos comício...

  10. Brūču aprūpes dokumentācijas izveidošana ambulatorajā praksē

    OpenAIRE

    Sokola, Baiba

    2016-01-01

    Bakalaura darba tēma- “ Brūču aprūpes dokumentācijas izveidošana ambulatorajā praksē. Tēma ir aktuāla, jo pašlaik, 2016.gadā, Latvijas medicīnisko dokumentu lietvedībā nav pieejamas brūču aprūpes protokols, kas ir paredzēts ambulatoriem pacientiem. Darba mērķis ir izveidot brūču aprūpes dokumentāciju ambulatorai praksei. Pētījuma uzdevumi tika izvirzīti, lai sasniegtu pētījuma mērķi. Bakalaura darbā tika izmantoti 36 literatūras avoti, no tiem 17 latviešu valodā, 18 angļu valodā, 1 krievu val...

  11. Trans – taukskābju noteikšana pārtikas produktos izmantojot gāzu hromatogrāfiju

    OpenAIRE

    Vītols, Alvis

    2016-01-01

    Trans- taukskābju noteikšana pārtikas produktos izmantojot gāzu gromotogrāfiju. Vītols A. Zinātniskais vadītājs Dr. ķīm. Mekšs P., Maģistra darbs , 69 lappuses, 42 attēli, 12 tabulas, 39 literatūras avoti, 6 pielikumi. Latviešu valodā. Darba literatūras apskatā apkopota informācija par trans- taukskābju iegūšanu un izmantošanu pārtikas produktos. Apkopota informācija par trans- tauku ietekmi uz veselību. Literatūras apskatā apskatītas šobrīd visplašāk izmantotās trans- tauku analīžu metodes D...

  12. Intercontinental reassortment and genomic variation of low pathogenic avian influenza viruses isolated from northern pintails (Anas acuta) in Alaska: examining the evidence through space and time

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramey, Andrew M.; Pearce, John M.; Flint, Paul L.; Ip, Hon S.; Derksen, Dirk V.; Franson, J. Christian; Petrula, Michael J.; Scotton, Bradley D.; Sowl, Kristine M.; Wege, Michael L.; Trust, Kimberly A.

    2010-01-01

    Migration and population genetic data for northern pintails (Anas acuta) and phylogenetic analysis of low pathogenic avian influenza (LPAI) viruses from this host in Alaska suggest that northern pintails are involved in ongoing intercontinental transmission of avian influenza. Here, we further refine this conclusion through phylogenetic analyses which demonstrate that detection of foreign lineage gene segments is spatially dependent and consistent through time. Our results show detection of foreign lineage gene segments to be most likely at sample locations on the Alaska Peninsula and least likely along the Southern Alaska Coast. Asian lineages detected at four gene segments persisted across years, suggesting maintenance in avian hosts that migrate to Alaska each year from Asia or in hosts that remain in Alaska throughout the year. Alternatively, live viruses may persist in the environment and re-infect birds in subsequent seasons.

  13. Darba stress un biomehāniskie riska faktori profesionālajā sportā, to samazināšanas iespējas

    OpenAIRE

    Tetere, Ieva

    2017-01-01

    „Darba stress un biomehāniskie riska faktori profesionālajā sportā, to samazināšanas iespējas”. Darba autore: Ieva Tetere. Zinātniskais vadītājs: Dr.sc.admin., asoc.prof. H. Kaļķis. Darba apjoms ir 98 lpp., tajā ietvertas 10 tabulas, 36 attēli, 5 pielikumi un 34 literatūras avoti. Darba stresa un biomehānisko riska faktoru ietekmē profesionālie sportisti var izjust psiholoģiska rakstura diskomfortu un tikt pakļauti augstam sporta traumatisma riskam, bet Latvijā no darba aizsardzības aspekta...

  14. A criação coreográfica na Escola de Dança Ana Mangericão, com alunos do 3º Ciclo

    OpenAIRE

    Cayatte, Patrícia Maria Camões Godinho

    2011-01-01

    Relatório Final de Estágio apresentado à Escola Superior de Dança, com vista à obtenção do grau de Mestre em Metodologias do Ensino da Dança. Elaborado no âmbito do Mestrado em Metodologias do Ensino da Dança, este relatório, referente ao Estágio na Escola de Dança Ana Mangericão, teve como principais objectivos organizar, fundamentar e sistematizar a metodologia desenvolvida, no âmbito da disciplina de Criação Coreográfica. Partimos assim, de uma recolha de elementos relati...

  15. Cognitive reserve in ageing and Alzheimer's disease

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stern, Yaakov

    2012-01-01

    The concept of reserve accounts for individual differences in susceptibility to age-related brain changes or Alzheimer's disease-related pathology. There is evidence that some people can tolerate more of these changes than others and still maintain function. Epidemiologic studies suggest that lifetime exposures including educational and occupational attainment, and leisure activities in late life, can increase this reserve. For example, there is a reduced risk of developing Alzheimer's disease in individuals with higher educational or occupational attainment. It is convenient to think of two types of reserve: brain reserve, which refers to actual differences in the brain itself that may increase tolerance of pathology, and cognitive reserve. Cognitive reserve refers to individual differences in how tasks are performed that may allow some people to be more resilient than others. The concept of cognitive reserve holds out the promise of interventions that could slow cognitive aging or reduce the risk of dementia. PMID:23079557

  16. Unearthing The Eruptive Personality Of El Salvador's Santa Ana (Ilamatepec) Volcano Though In-depth Stratigraphic Analysis Of Pre-1904 Deposits

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gallant, E.; Martinez-Hackert, B.

    2011-12-01

    The Santa Ana (Ilamatepec) volcano (2384 m) in densely populated El Salvador Central America presents serious volcanic hazard potential. The volcano is a prevalent part of every day life in El Salvador; the sugarcane and coffee belt of the country are to its Southern and Western flanks, recreational areas lies to its East, and second and third largest cities of El Salvador exist within its 25 km radius. Understanding the eruptive characteristics and history is imperative due to the volcano's relative size (the highest in the country) and it's explosive, composite nature. Historical records indicate at least 9 potential VEI 3 eruptions since 1521 AD. The volcano's relative inaccessibility and potential hazards do not promote a vast reservoir of research activity, as can be seen in the scarcity of published papers on topics prior to the 1904 eruption. This research represents the first steps towards creating a comprehensive stratigraphic record of the crater and characterizing its eruptive history, with an eventual goal of recreating the volcanic structure prior to its collapse. Samples of pre-1904 eruptive material were taken from the southern wall of an E-W oriented fluvial gully located within the SSW of the tertiary crater. These were analyzed using thin sections and optical microscopy, grain size distribution techniques, and scanning electron microscopy. The 15-layer sequence indicates an explosive history characterized by intense phreatomagmatic phases, plinian, sub-plinian and basaltic/andesitic composition strombolian activity. Another poster within the session will discuss an older sequence within the walls of the secondary crater. Further detailed studies will be required to gain a better understanding of the characteristics of Santa Ana Volcano.

  17. Assessing water source and channel type as factors affecting benthic macroinvertebrate and periphyton assemblages in the highly urbanized Santa Ana River Basin, California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burton, C.A.; Brown, L.R.; Belitz, K.

    2005-01-01

    The Santa Ana River basin is the largest stream system in Southern California and includes a densely populated coastal area. Extensive urbanization has altered the geomorphology and hydrology of the streams, adversely affecting aquatic communities. We studied macroinvertebrate and periphyton assemblages in relation to two categorical features of the highly engineered hydrologic system-water source and channel type. Four water sources were identified-natural, urban-impacted groundwater, urban runoff, and treated wastewater. Three channel types were identified-natural, channelized with natural bottom, and concrete-lined. Nineteen sites, covering the range of these two categorical features, were sampled in summer 2000. To minimize the effects of different substrate types among sites, artificial substrates were used for assessing macroinvertebrate and periphyton assemblages. Physical and chemical variables and metrics calculated from macroinvertebrate and periphyton assemblage data were compared among water sources and channel types using analysis of variance and multiple comparison tests. Macroinvertebrate metrics exhibiting significant (P water sources included taxa and Ephemeroptera-Plecoptera-Trichoptera richness, relative richness and abundance of nonchironomid dipterans, orthoclads, oligochaetes, and some functional-feeding groups such as parasites and shredders. Periphyton metrics showing significant differences between water sources included blue-green algae biovolume and relative abundance of nitrogen heterotrophic, eutrophic, motile, and pollution-sensitive diatoms. The relative abundance of trichopterans, tanytarsini chironomids, noninsects, and filter feeders, as well as the relative richness and abundance of diatoms, were significantly different between channel types. Most physical variables were related to channel type, whereas chemical variables and some physical variables (e.g., discharge, velocity, and channel width) were related to water source. These

  18. Evidences of volcanic unrest on high-temperature fumaroles by satellite thermal monitoring: The case of Santa Ana volcano, El Salvador

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laiolo, M.; Coppola, D.; Barahona, F.; Benítez, J. E.; Cigolini, C.; Escobar, D.; Funes, R.; Gutierrez, E.; Henriquez, B.; Hernandez, A.; Montalvo, F.; Olmos, R.; Ripepe, M.; Finizola, A.

    2017-06-01

    On October 1st, 2005, Santa Ana volcano (El Salvador) underwent a VEI 3 phreatomagmatic eruption after approximately one century of rest. Casualties and damages to some of the local infrastructures and surrounding plantations were followed by the evacuation of the nearby communities. The analysis of MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) infrared data reveals that the main explosion was preceded by a one-year-long thermal unrest, associated to the development of a fumaroles field, located at the western rim of the summit crater lake. By combining space-based thermal flux and ground-based measurements (seismicity, sulfur emissions and lake temperatures), we suggest that the activity observed at Santa Ana between 2004 and 2005 was driven by the gradual intrusion of an undegassed magma body at a very shallow depth. Magma injection induced thermal anomalies associated with sustained degassing from the fumaroles field and promoted the interaction between the magmatic-hydrothermal system and the overlying water table. This process culminated into the VEI 3 phreatomagmatic eruption of October 2005 that strongly modified the shallow structure of the crater area. The subsequent three-years-long activity resulted from self-sealing of the fracture system and by the opening of a new fracture network directly connecting the deeper hydrothermal system with the crater lake. Our results show that satellite-based thermal data allow us to detect the expansion of the high-temperature fumarolic field. This may precede an explosive eruption and/or a lava dome extrusion. In particular, we show that thermal records can be analyzed with other geochemical (i.e. SO2 emissions) and geophysical (seismicity) data to track a shallow magmatic intrusion interacting with the surrounding hydrothermal system. This provides a remarkable support for volcano monitoring and eruption forecasting, particularly in remote areas where permanent ground data acquisition is hazardous, expensive

  19. Status of groundwater quality in the Upper Santa Ana Watershed, November 2006--March 2007--California GAMA Priority Basin Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kent, Robert; Belitz, Kenneth

    2012-01-01

    Groundwater quality in the approximately 1,000-square-mile (2,590-square-kilometer) Upper Santa Ana Watershed (USAW) study unit was investigated as part of the Priority Basin Project of the Groundwater Ambient Monitoring and Assessment (GAMA) Program. The study unit is located in southern California in Riverside and San Bernardino Counties. The GAMA Priority Basin Project is being conducted by the California State Water Resources Control Board in collaboration with the U.S. Geological Survey and the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. The GAMA USAW study was designed to provide a spatially unbiased assessment of untreated groundwater quality within the primary aquifer systems in the study unit. The primary aquifer systems (hereinafter, primary aquifers) are defined as the perforation interval of wells listed in the California Department of Public Health (CDPH) database for the USAW study unit. The quality of groundwater in shallower or deeper water-bearing zones may differ from that in the primary aquifers; shallower groundwater may be more vulnerable to surficial contamination. The assessment is based on water-quality and ancillary data collected by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) from 90 wells during November 2006 through March 2007, and water-quality data from the CDPH database. The status of the current quality of the groundwater resource was assessed based on data from samples analyzed for volatile organic compounds (VOCs), pesticides, and naturally occurring inorganic constituents, such as major ions and trace elements. The status assessment is intended to characterize the quality of groundwater resources within the primary aquifers of the USAW study unit, not the treated drinking water delivered to consumers by water purveyors. Relative-concentrations (sample concentration divided by the health- or aesthetic-based benchmark concentration) were used for evaluating groundwater quality for those constituents that have Federal or California regulatory or

  20. Strategic Petroleum Reserve annual/quarterly report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1993-02-16

    During 1992 the Department continued planning activities for the expansion of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve to one billion barrels. A draft Environmental Impact Statement for the five candidate sites was completed in October 1992, and a series of public hearings was held during December 1992. Conceptual design engineering activities, life cycle cost estimates and geotechnical studies to support the technical requirements for an Strategic Petroleum Reserve Plan Amendment were essentially completed in December 1992. At the end of 1992, the Strategic Petroleum Reserve crude oil inventory was 574.7 million barrels and an additional 1.7 million barrels was in transit to the Reserve. During 1992 approximately 6.2 million barrels of crude oil were acquired for the Reserve. A Department of Energy Tiger Team Environmental, Safety and Health (ES&H) Assessment was conducted at the Strategic Petroleum Reserve from March 9 through April 10, 1992. In general, the Tiger Team found that Strategic Petroleum Reserve activities do not pose undue environmental, safety or health risks. The Strategic Petroleum Reserve`s Final Corrective Action Plan, prepared in response to the Tiger Team assessment, was submitted for Department approval in December 1992. On November 18, 1992, the Assistant Secretary for Fossil Energy selected DynMcDennott Petroleum Operations Company to provide management and operating services for the Strategic Petroleum Reserve for a period of 5 years commencing April 1, 1993. DynMcDermott will succeed Boeing Petroleum Services, Inc.

  1. Demand for International Reserves in Turkey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yimaz Sinem

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Having an important place in the international monetary system, international reserves held by central bank usually reflect country’s economic strength in terms of international finance and trade. There are many reasons for holding international reserves by central banks such as financing the deficit in the balance of payment, managing the monetary and exchange rate policies, minimizing the negative effects of external shocks and reducing the cost of borrowing. Continuously changing and diversifying characteristics of these reasons affect the demand for reserves depending to the economic conditions of the country. Over the last ten years, there has been a tremendous increase in international reserves held by Turkish Central Bank. From 2002 to 2012, the reserves of the bank have risen from 20 billion dollars to 96 billion dollars, showing an increase more than four times. This sudden and huge increase in the foreign reserves drove us to determine and investigate the factors which induce the Turkish Central Bank to hold high level of reserves. Thus, the purpose of this study is to estimate and analyze the demand for international reserves held by central banks using the buffer stock model in the case of Turkey. The data used in the study is monthly and cover the period of 1990:03-2012:10. The buffer stock model was econometrically estimated by using the OLS method for three different models. Our findings indicate that the opportunity cost affected reserve demand much stronger than the reserve volatility in Turkish case.

  2. Naval Petroleum and Oil Shale Reserves

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1992-01-01

    During fiscal year 1992, the reserves generated $473 million in revenues, a $181 million decrease from the fiscal year 1991 revenues, primarily due to significant decreases in oil and natural gas prices. Total costs were $200 million, resulting in net cash flow of $273 million, compared with $454 million in fiscal year 1991. From 1976 through fiscal year 1992, the Naval Petroleum and Oil Shale Reserves generated more than $15 billion in revenues and a net operating income after costs of $12.5 billion. In fiscal year 1992, production at the Naval Petroleum Reserves at maximum efficient rates yielded 26 million barrels of crude oil, 119 billion cubic feet of natural gas, and 164 million gallons of natural gas liquids. From April to November 1992, senior managers from the Naval Petroleum and Oil Shale Reserves held a series of three workshops in Boulder, Colorado, in order to build a comprehensive Strategic Plan as required by Secretary of Energy Notice 25A-91. Other highlights are presented for the following: Naval Petroleum Reserve No. 1--production achievements, crude oil shipments to the strategic petroleum reserve, horizontal drilling, shallow oil zone gas injection project, environment and safety, and vanpool program; Naval Petroleum Reserve No. 2--new management and operating contractor and exploration drilling; Naval Petroleum Reserve No. 3--steamflood; Naval Oil Shale Reserves--protection program; and Tiger Team environmental assessment of the Naval Petroleum and Oil Shale Reserves in Colorado, Utah, and Wyoming

  3. A General Business Model for Marine Reserves

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sala, Enric; Costello, Christopher; Dougherty, Dawn; Heal, Geoffrey; Kelleher, Kieran; Murray, Jason H.; Rosenberg, Andrew A.; Sumaila, Rashid

    2013-01-01

    Marine reserves are an effective tool for protecting biodiversity locally, with potential economic benefits including enhancement of local fisheries, increased tourism, and maintenance of ecosystem services. However, fishing communities often fear short-term income losses associated with closures, and thus may oppose marine reserves. Here we review empirical data and develop bioeconomic models to show that the value of marine reserves (enhanced adjacent fishing + tourism) may often exceed the pre-reserve value, and that economic benefits can offset the costs in as little as five years. These results suggest the need for a new business model for creating and managing reserves, which could pay for themselves and turn a profit for stakeholder groups. Our model could be expanded to include ecosystem services and other benefits, and it provides a general framework to estimate costs and benefits of reserves and to develop such business models. PMID:23573192

  4. Substantiating the Incurred but not Reported Reserve

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Georgeta Vintilã

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available In order to handle past and future liability taken by insurance contracts concluded, any insurance company must constitute and maintain technical reserves. Substantiating technical reserves is done through actuarial methods and its over-evaluation or under-evaluation influence solvency and financial performance of the insurance companies, in the sense of reducing solvency through over-evaluating reserves and, respectively, influencing profit (hence of outstanding tax through under-evaluating reserves. An important reserve for insurance companies is represented by the incurred but not reported reserve, as it allows the estimation of the liability the company may confront in the future, generated by events occurred in the past, which are not currently known in the present but will be reported in the future.

  5. A Policy Analysis of Reserve Retirement Reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-01

    adapted their manning requirements to this retention. Perhaps tasks and jobs have been designed to accommodate the reten - tion profile produced by the...a reward for a long career of service, a benefit to help transition to the civilian economy, and a means of securing the reten - tion of career...to determine their likely effect on active reten - tion, reserve affiliation after leaving an active component, reserve retention, and reserve

  6. IGT calculates world reserves of fossil fuels

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    1986-01-01

    The Institute of Gas Technology has published the IGT World Reserves Survey, giving their latest tabulation of world reserves of fossil fuels and uranium. The report contains 120 Tables and 41 Figures. Estimates are provided for proved reserves, resources, current production, and life indexes of the non-renewable energy sources of the US and of the world as a whole. World regional data are also provided in many cases. The data are summarized here. 2 figures, 5 tables

  7. Reserve valuation in electric power systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruiz, Pablo Ariel

    Operational reliability is provided in part by scheduling capacity in excess of the load forecast. This reserve capacity balances the uncertain power demand with the supply in real time and provides for equipment outages. Traditionally, reserve scheduling has been ensured by enforcing reserve requirements in the operations planning. An alternate approach is to employ a stochastic formulation, which allows the explicit modeling of the sources of uncertainty. This thesis compares stochastic and reserve methods and evaluates the benefits of a combined approach for the efficient management of uncertainty in the unit commitment problem. Numerical studies show that the unit commitment solutions obtained for the combined approach are robust and superior with respect to the traditional approach. These robust solutions are especially valuable in areas with a high proportion of wind power, as their built-in flexibility allows the dispatch of practically all the available wind power while minimizing the costs of operation. The scheduled reserve has an economic value since it reduces the outage costs. In several electricity markets, reserve demand functions have been implemented to take into account the value of reserve in the market clearing process. These often take the form of a step-down function at the reserve requirement level, and as such they may not appropriately represent the reserve value. The value of reserve is impacted by the reliability, dynamic and stochastic characteristics of system components, the system operation policies, and the economic aspects such as the risk preferences of the demand. In this thesis, these aspects are taken into account to approximate the reserve value and construct reserve demand functions. Illustrative examples show that the demand functions constructed have similarities with those implemented in some markets.

  8. Reserve reporting from a banker's perspective

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Larson, B.O.

    1996-01-01

    A banker's perspective of oil and gas reserve reporting was presented. Topics chosen for discussion emphasized oil and gas lending, and the type of capital which is most relevant to the oil and gas industry. The concept of capital differentiation, potential worst case, and least specialization, were explained. An explanation of the reasons for the lender's different perspective on reserves was given. Methods that banks use to limit risk, and the role that reserve reports play in loan approvals were also reviewed

  9. When will fossil fuel reserves be diminished?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Shafiee, Shahriar; Topal, Erkan

    2009-01-01

    Crude oil, coal and gas are the main resources for world energy supply. The size of fossil fuel reserves and the dilemma that 'when non-renewable energy will be diminished' is a fundamental and doubtful question that needs to be answered. This paper presents a new formula for calculating when fossil fuel reserves are likely to be depleted and develops an econometrics model to demonstrate the relationship between fossil fuel reserves and some main variables. The new formula is modified from the Klass model and thus assumes a continuous compound rate and computes fossil fuel reserve depletion times for oil, coal and gas of approximately 35, 107 and 37 years, respectively. This means that coal reserves are available up to 2112, and will be the only fossil fuel remaining after 2042. In the Econometrics model, the main exogenous variables affecting oil, coal and gas reserve trends are their consumption and respective prices between 1980 and 2006. The models for oil and gas reserves unexpectedly show a positive and significant relationship with consumption, while presenting a negative and significant relationship with price. The econometrics model for coal reserves, however, expectedly illustrates a negative and significant relationship with consumption and a positive and significant relationship with price. Consequently, huge reserves of coal and low-level coal prices in comparison to oil and gas make coal one of the main energy substitutions for oil and gas in the future, under the assumption of coal as a clean energy source. (author)

  10. Reservation system with graphical user interface

    KAUST Repository

    Mohamed, Mahmoud A. Abdelhamid

    2012-01-05

    Techniques for providing a reservation system are provided. The techniques include displaying a scalable visualization object, wherein the scalable visualization object comprises an expanded view element of the reservation system depicting information in connection with a selected interval of time and a compressed view element of the reservation system depicting information in connection with one or more additional intervals of time, maintaining a visual context between the expanded view and the compressed view within the visualization object, and enabling a user to switch between the expanded view and the compressed view to facilitate use of the reservation system.

  11. Nové poznatky ke vzniku Dona Giovanniho

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Jonášová, Milada

    2017-01-01

    Roč. 25, č. 10 (2017), s. 48-49 ISSN 1210-8081 Institutional support: RVO:68378076 Keywords : Prague sources * Anton Grams * Johann Baptist Kucharž Subject RIV: AL - Art, Architecture, Cultural Heritage OBOR OECD: Performing arts studies (Musicology, Theater science, Dramaturgy)

  12. Biogeochemical characteristics of sedimenting particles in Dona Paula Bay, India

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    DeSouza, F.P.; Garg, A.; Bhosle, N.B.

    . As the study site could not be approached during southwest monsoon and sediment samples. Relative inputs from calcareous and siliceous test material in sediment trap samples have been characterized using the arabinose/fucose ratio (Ittekkot, Deuser, & Degens...–September), sampling was not undertaken during this period. In order to collect sedimenting particles, duplicate PVC traps with an aspect ratio (height/width) of 5 were mounted on a stainless steel frame and deployed at a depth of 5m (3m above the bottom) using...

  13. Lateral patellar luxation in nine small breed dogs | Dona | Open ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The objective of this paper was to describe the clinical features, the management and the outcome of nine small breed dogs affected with lateral patella luxation referred during the period between January 2010 and December 2014. Patellar luxations were classified according to: breed, age, sex, weight, and grade of ...

  14. Seasonal dimethylsulfoniopropionate (DMSP) variability in Dona Paula Bay

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Kumar, S.S.; Chinchkar, U.; Nair, S.; LokaBharathi, P.A.; Chandramohan, D.

    to 8.72 (C60.1) aMcell C01 h C01 in midstream (salinity¼17) where the ambient nitrate concentration was 3.5 (C60.02) mM. At salinity 5 specific NRA of limno-tolerant isolate was 55 aMcell C01 h C01 whereas for halo-tolerant it was 9.87 aM NO 3 – Ncell C.... Variation in nitrate concentration and specific nitrate reducing activity (NRA) along salinity gradients in the Mandovi estuary. Ambient nitrate: vertical bars; Specific nitrate reducing activity: smooth line. the highest at the head of estuary where...

  15. Bacterial flora of Dona Paula, India using numerical profiles

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    LokaBharathi, P.A.; Nair, S.; Chandramohan, D.

    period of six months. Maximum density was noted at 1 cm depth. Overall 155 isolates were identified into 13 genera. The predominant genus was Coryneforms (22.6%). The isolates were grouped into 43 by 3 digits sorts when profiled numerically... suited for studying bacterial variability in tropical estuarine beach. Shore monitoring programmes to study the impact of industrial discharge into the sea or estuaries are carried out routinely on a temporal basis. The studies of microbial community...

  16. 48 CFR 4.501 - [Reserved

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false [Reserved] 4.501 Section 4.501 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION GENERAL ADMINISTRATIVE MATTERS Electronic Commerce in Contracting 4.501 [Reserved...

  17. 7 CFR 300.1 - [Reserved

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false [Reserved] 300.1 Section 300.1 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE INCORPORATION BY REFERENCE § 300.1 [Reserved...

  18. 7 CFR 305.4 - [Reserved

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false [Reserved] 305.4 Section 305.4 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE PHYTOSANITARY TREATMENTS § 305.4 [Reserved...

  19. 50 CFR 216.42 - Photography. [Reserved

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Photography. [Reserved] 216.42 Section 216.42 Wildlife and Fisheries NATIONAL MARINE FISHERIES SERVICE, NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC... MAMMALS Special Exceptions § 216.42 Photography. [Reserved] ...

  20. 9 CFR 73.1a - [Reserved

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false [Reserved] 73.1a Section 73.1a Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE INTERSTATE TRANSPORTATION OF ANIMALS (INCLUDING POULTRY) AND ANIMAL PRODUCTS SCABIES IN CATTLE § 73.1a [Reserved] ...

  1. 12 CFR 614.4710 - [Reserved

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false [Reserved] 614.4710 Section 614.4710 Banks and Banking FARM CREDIT ADMINISTRATION FARM CREDIT SYSTEM LOAN POLICIES AND OPERATIONS Banks for Cooperatives and Agricultural Credit Banks Financing International Trade § 614.4710 [Reserved] ...

  2. 40 CFR 406.43 - [Reserved

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 28 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true [Reserved] 406.43 Section 406.43 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) EFFLUENT GUIDELINES AND STANDARDS GRAIN MILLS POINT SOURCE CATEGORY Bulgur Wheat Flour Milling Subcategory § 406.43 [Reserved] ...

  3. 40 CFR 406.23 - [Reserved

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 28 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true [Reserved] 406.23 Section 406.23 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) EFFLUENT GUIDELINES AND STANDARDS GRAIN MILLS POINT SOURCE CATEGORY Corn Dry Milling Subcategory § 406.23 [Reserved] ...

  4. 40 CFR 406.13 - [Reserved

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 28 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true [Reserved] 406.13 Section 406.13 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) EFFLUENT GUIDELINES AND STANDARDS GRAIN MILLS POINT SOURCE CATEGORY Corn Wet Milling Subcategory § 406.13 [Reserved] ...

  5. 24 CFR 891.855 - Replacement reserves.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Replacement reserves. 891.855... § 891.855 Replacement reserves. (a) The mixed-finance owner shall establish and maintain a replacement... the funds will be used to pay for capital replacement costs for the Section 202 or 811 supportive...

  6. 22 CFR 40.69 - [Reserved

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false [Reserved] 40.69 Section 40.69 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE VISAS REGULATIONS PERTAINING TO BOTH NONIMMIGRANTS AND IMMIGRANTS UNDER THE IMMIGRATION AND NATIONALITY ACT, AS AMENDED Illegal Entrants and Immigration Violators § 40.69 [Reserved] ...

  7. Body reserves in intra-African migrants

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nwaogu, Chima; Cresswell, Will

    Avian migration has been shown to be a life history strategy for surviving environmental resource variability, but it requires increased body reserves for long distance flight. Fat reserves make excellent energy stores for barrier crossing, whereas proteins generate less energy for the same mass of

  8. 21 CFR 211.170 - Reserve samples.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Reserve samples. 211.170 Section 211.170 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) DRUGS: GENERAL... of deterioration unless visual examination would affect the integrity of the reserve sample. Any...

  9. 8 CFR 325.1 - [Reserved

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false [Reserved] 325.1 Section 325.1 Aliens and Nationality DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY NATIONALITY REGULATIONS NATIONALS BUT NOT CITIZENS OF THE UNITED STATES; RESIDENCE WITHIN OUTLYING POSSESSIONS § 325.1 [Reserved] ...

  10. 30 CFR 253.44 - [Reserved

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false [Reserved] 253.44 Section 253.44 Mineral Resources MINERALS MANAGEMENT SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE OIL SPILL FINANCIAL RESPONSIBILITY FOR OFFSHORE FACILITIES Requirements for Submitting OSFR Information § 253.44 [Reserved] ...

  11. 14 CFR 33.13 - [Reserved

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false [Reserved] 33.13 Section 33.13 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION AIRCRAFT AIRWORTHINESS STANDARDS: AIRCRAFT ENGINES Design and Construction; General § 33.13 [Reserved] ...

  12. 14 CFR 35.13 - [Reserved

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false [Reserved] 35.13 Section 35.13 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION AIRCRAFT AIRWORTHINESS STANDARDS: PROPELLERS Design and Construction § 35.13 [Reserved] ...

  13. 14 CFR 35.11 - [Reserved

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false [Reserved] 35.11 Section 35.11 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION AIRCRAFT AIRWORTHINESS STANDARDS: PROPELLERS Design and Construction § 35.11 [Reserved] ...

  14. Reserve selection using nonlinear species distribution models.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moilanen, Atte

    2005-06-01

    Reserve design is concerned with optimal selection of sites for new conservation areas. Spatial reserve design explicitly considers the spatial pattern of the proposed reserve network and the effects of that pattern on reserve cost and/or ability to maintain species there. The vast majority of reserve selection formulations have assumed a linear problem structure, which effectively means that the biological value of a potential reserve site does not depend on the pattern of selected cells. However, spatial population dynamics and autocorrelation cause the biological values of neighboring sites to be interdependent. Habitat degradation may have indirect negative effects on biodiversity in areas neighboring the degraded site as a result of, for example, negative edge effects or lower permeability for animal movement. In this study, I present a formulation and a spatial optimization algorithm for nonlinear reserve selection problems in grid-based landscapes that accounts for interdependent site values. The method is demonstrated using habitat maps and nonlinear habitat models for threatened birds in the Netherlands, and it is shown that near-optimal solutions are found for regions consisting of up to hundreds of thousands grid cells, a landscape size much larger than those commonly attempted even with linear reserve selection formulations.

  15. 7 CFR 1709.2 Policy. - [Reserved

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 11 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false [Reserved] 1709.2 Policy. Section 1709.2 Policy. Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE ASSISTANCE TO HIGH ENERGY COST COMMUNITIES General Requirements § 1709.2 Policy. [Reserved] ...

  16. 7 CFR 1709.202 Policy. - [Reserved

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 11 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false [Reserved] 1709.202 Policy. Section 1709.202 Policy... AGRICULTURE ASSISTANCE TO HIGH ENERGY COST COMMUNITIES Bulk Fuel Revolving Fund Grant Program § 1709.202 Policy. [Reserved] ...

  17. 7 CFR 3560.65 - Reserve account.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Reserve account. 3560.65 Section 3560.65 Agriculture... DIRECT MULTI-FAMILY HOUSING LOANS AND GRANTS Direct Loan and Grant Origination § 3560.65 Reserve account... account that meets requirements of § 3560.306. At a minimum, the borrower must agree to make monthly...

  18. 21 CFR 720.5 - [Reserved

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 7 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false [Reserved] 720.5 Section 720.5 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) COSMETICS VOLUNTARY FILING OF COSMETIC PRODUCT INGREDIENT COMPOSITION STATEMENTS § 720.5 [Reserved] ...

  19. 39 CFR 111.5 - [Reserved

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false [Reserved] 111.5 Section 111.5 Postal Service UNITED STATES POSTAL SERVICE POST OFFICE SERVICES [DOMESTIC MAIL] GENERAL INFORMATION ON POSTAL SERVICE § 111.5 [Reserved] ...

  20. 75 FR 44067 - Conservation Reserve Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-28

    ... amending the Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) regulations to implement provisions of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (the 2008 Farm Bill). The 2008 Farm Bill generally extends the existing... Commodity Credit Corporation 7 CFR Part 1410 RIN 0560-AH80 Conservation Reserve Program AGENCY: Commodity...