WorldWideScience

Sample records for republica socialist romnia

  1. The Socialist Car

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Lars K.

    2013-01-01

    Review of L.H. Siegelbaum (ed.) The Socialist Car. Automobility in the Eastern Block. Cornell University Press, 2011.......Review of L.H. Siegelbaum (ed.) The Socialist Car. Automobility in the Eastern Block. Cornell University Press, 2011....

  2. Economic calculation in socialist countries

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ellman, M.; Durlauf, S.N.; Blume, L.E.

    2008-01-01

    In the 1930s, when the classical socialist system emerged, economic decisions were based not on detailed and precise economic methods of calculation but on rough and ready political methods. An important method of economic calculation - particularly in the post-Stalin period - was that of

  3. On the transformation of socialist citeis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Scarpaci, Joseph L.

    2000-01-01

    he collapse of the Socialist bloc after 1989 has been a topic of inquiry in many of the social sciences. In urban geography, however, there has been little systematic review about the changing nature of socialist cities in an era of rapid globalization. This paper outlines some of the macroeconomic...... contours that have conditioned national and metropolitan economies since 1989. It then reviews some of the defining features of the socialist city as a backdrop to Warsaw, selected Chinese cities, Ho Chi Minh, and Havana, which are the case studies of this special issue....

  4. Introduction. Socialist Culture and Modernity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joes Segal

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available From October 6th to 11th, 2013, the MS Gretha van Holland brought twenty-four conference participants from Berlin to Beeskow, Eisenhüttenstadt, Frankfurt/Oder and back to Berlin. The aim of this on-board boat conference, organised by Art Archive Beeskow and Utrecht University in collaboration with Marlene Heidel, Claudia Jansen and Ursula Lücke, was to cross borders – national and disciplinary – by connecting parallel and divergent European histories of the Cold War period, both on a conceptual and on a practical level. A selected group of historians, art historians, architectural historians, cultural anthropologists and visual artists discussed the various ways in which socialist cultural history has been presented over the past decades and put new perspectives to the test. This conference has resulted in the present issue of HCM.

  5. Geothermal potential in Mexico; Potencial geotermico de la republica mexicana

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ordaz Mendez, Christian Arturo; Flores Armenta, Magaly; Ramirez Silva, German [Comision Federal de Electricidad, Gerencia de Proyectos Geotermoelectricos, Morelia, Michoacan (Mexico)]. E-mail: christian.ordaz@cfe.gob.mx

    2011-01-15

    parte de la estrategia de la CFE para incrementar la generacion de energia electrica mediante fuentes no convencionales llevo a cabo un calculo del potencial geotermico del pais. Este calculo se efectuo a traves del inventario nacional de manifestaciones termales con que cuenta la GPG, el cual ha permitido identificar 1380 manifestaciones termales distribuidas en todo el pais, con informacion de las temperaturas tomadas superficialmente y las temperaturas obtenidas por medio de geotermometros. El calculo del potencial geotermico se hizo con base en la clasificacion de estas manifestaciones por rangos de temperatura geotermometrica, obteniendose asi recursos de alta, media y baja entalpia. Posteriormente se utilizo el metodo volumetrico para obtener el potencial geotermico nacional. Los resultados indican que para las Reservas Posibles los recursos de alta entalpia ascienden a 5691 MWe, para los de moderada entalpia son de 881 MWe y los de baja entalpia de 849 MWe dando un total de 7422 MWe. Por otra parte, las Reservas Probables para el recurso de alta entalpia son de 1643 MWe, para los de moderada entalpia de 220 MWe y para los de baja entalpia de 212 MWe dando un total de 2077 MWe. Por ultimo las Reservas Probadas se tomaron como la capacidad adicional que puede instalarse en cada uno de los campos geotermicos conocidos, dando un total de 186 MWe. La informacion se proceso y se integro por medio del Sistema de Informacion Geografica (SIG) ArcGis 9.2 (c), dando como resultado la publicacion via Intranet del Mapa del Potencial Geotermico de la Republica Mexicana.

  6. Aram Khachaturian and socialist realism: A reconsideration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Schultz Joseph

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Aram Khachaturian remains a neglected figure in scholarship on Soviet music, his work often held as exemplifying Socialist Realism at its most conformist. In this article I suggest that folk music strongly influenced his style well before the imposition of Socialist Realism, and that his musical language and aesthetics have much more in common with those of contemporary composers in the West than has previously been assumed. A central focus of the paper will be to examine the role played by Soviet musicologists in placing questionable critical constructs on Khachaturian’s career and creative achievement.

  7. Sport and Social Change. Socialist Feminist Theory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bray, Catherine

    1988-01-01

    Though the number of women in sport and the productive labor force have increased, the lower levels of support and pay indicate devaluing by a capitalist patriarchal society. A socialist feminist theory of sport participation by women foresees the possibility of a nonpatriarchal capitalist society. (JD)

  8. The Triumph and fall of socialist accounting : a historical aspect

    OpenAIRE

    Mackevičius, Jonas

    2005-01-01

    [...] Until now, the comparative analysis of accounting systems in socialist centralized planned economy and capitalistic free market economy has been insufficient; the mutual impact of these systems has not been articulated. Currently, one often poses a question: what were actual, possible and could be future contributions of socialist accounting to the development of international accounting? Will the insights and ideas of authors from socialist countries be applied to improve accounting sy...

  9. Isotopic and hydro geochemistry research in ground water from Provincia de Entre Rios (Republica Argentina)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Tujchneider, Ofelia Clara; Carmen Paris, Marta del; Fili, Mario Felipe; D'Elia, Monica Patricia

    1994-01-01

    In order to study the groundwater dynamics of the Northwest of the Entre Rios Province (Republica Argentina), supported on the regional knowledge resulting from previous reports, a detailed investigation is developed. The most important aquifer of the region, conformed by sands of the Ituzaingo and Parana Formations (Mioceno-Plioceno) underlies Hernandarias Formation (Pleistoceno) thick clays cover. This confinement condition, and the complex hydrodynamic behaviour as a result of the heterogeneity of the hydrogeological sequence, impeded determine with clearness the existence of actual and direct connections with the exterior cycle. The application of classical geohydrochemical methodologies complemented with both isotopic and heavy metals measurements, and data geostatistical processing, allows to formulate hypothesis about groundwater origin and the incidence of the autochthonous recharge. (author)

  10. A Comparative Analysis of Socialists and Capitalists Economies ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    From America's example of capitalist economy and politics, China's capitalist's, socialists and communists' mixed-system; and from North Korea's example of a purely communists' state, the current essay has argued for the illusiveness of attempting to eliminate either a communist, a feudal, a fascist or a socialist's economy, ...

  11. National subprogram 'Sistema Nacional de Vigilancia Radiologica Ambiental y de los Alimentos en la Republica de Cuba'

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fernandez Gomez, Isis Maria

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this work is to inform and raise awareness about the Sistema Nacional de Vigilancia Radiologica Ambiental y de los Alimentos in the Republica de Cuba. The radiological environmental monitoring is defined as the assessment of current or potential exposure of the population to radiation and radioactive materials released into the environment. It determines when is required the radiological environmental monitoring, what is a radiological environmental monitoring program, which are the points to consider during the design of this kind of program and what are their objectives. In addition, the program on the Republica de Cuba is focused, referring to the components of a radiological environmental monitoring program; equipment for the detection of radiations; the procedures for collecting environmental samples and laboratory analysis capabilities. It also noted the techniques of radiological environmental monitoring and is described extensively the Red Nacional de Vigilancia Ambiental of the Republica de Cuba. Likewise, it is included the table on radiological monitoring of food and water. Other radiological monitoring programs in Cuba are commented as the radiological control of industrial scrap [es

  12. The National Socialist Sisterhood: an instrument of National Socialist health policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schweikardt, Christoph

    2009-06-01

    When Adolf Hitler (1889-1945) came to power in 1933, the new Nazi government focused the German health system on their priorities such as the creation of a racially homogeneous society and the preparation of war. One of the measures to bring nursing under their control was the foundation of a new sisterhood. In 1934, Erich Hilgenfeldt (1897-1945), the ambitious head of the National Socialist People's Welfare Association (Nationalsozialistische Volkswohlfahrt), founded the National Socialist (NS) Sisterhood (Nationalsozialistische Schwesternschaft) to create an elite group that would work for the goals of the National Socialist German Workers' Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei, NSDAP). Hilgenfeldt proclaimed community nursing as a priority for NS Sisterhood nurses. Catholic and Protestant sisters, who were traditionally dedicated to community nursing, were to be gradually replaced. However, other competing priorities, such as hospital service for the training of junior nurses and work in conquered regions, as well as the lack of NS nursing personnel, hampered the expansion of community nursing. The paper also addresses areas for future research: everyday activities of NS nurses, the service of NS Sisterhood nurses for NSDAP organisations such as the elite racist paramilitary force SS (Schutzstaffel, Protective Squadron), and involvement in their crimes have hardly been investigated as yet.

  13. Poland: biomedical ethics in a socialist state.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Szawarski, Zbigniew

    1987-06-01

    In one of a Hastings Center Report series of four country reports, a professor of ethics discusses the Polish approach to ethical issues in health care. Szawarski begins by outlining five factors that influence the practice of medicine in Poland: a socialist form of government, the influence of the Roman Catholic Church, an ongoing economic crisis, the legacy of the Nazi death camps, and a lack of formal instruction in biomedical ethics. He then discusses three current ethical concerns of physicians, patients, and the public: regulation of physician conduct, abortion, and in vitro fertilization. There is little formal public debate of the issues, however, and physicians seem committed to upholding traditional medical codes of ethics without analyzing underlying moral principles and justifications.

  14. NOVEMBER 1948: A WRITTEN TEST ON SOCIALIST REALISM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irina CĂRĂBAŞ

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Drawing heavily on archival research, the paper analyses the formation of the discourse of socialist realism in Romanian post-war art. A questionnaire on socialist realism to which a number of artists responded in 1948 provides an intermediate phase that brought together more types of language and conceptions of art and reveals how the Soviet model was grafted onto local interwar theories.

  15. Turismo, eje fundamental en el desarrollo economico de la republica dominicana durante las ultimas tres decadas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Héctor Julio Real Aquino

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available A través de los tiempos el turismo  se ha convertido en uno de los sectores más representativos de la economía global, en la actualidad son muchos los aspectos en los cuales el turismo contribuye de forma muy positiva en la economía mundial, entre los cuales destacan: Aportación al PIB, crea empleos y empresas, así como ingresos por las exportaciones y servicios ofrecidos por este sector. Este ha sido el caso de la Republica Dominicana, en donde el turismo ha pasado a desempeñar un papel primordial y fundamental para el desarrollo socioeconómico del país. En el presente trabajo se da a conocer como el turismo a través de cuatro periodos diferenciados que van desde el año 1980 hasta el año 2014, han influido positivamente al desarrollo económico del país, a través de los aportes que este sector hace, la generación de empleos y la inversión extranjera directa en el sector turismo.

  16. Comparing Socialist and Post-Socialist Television Culture. Fifty Years of Television in Croatia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zrinjka Peruško

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available This article builds a theoretical model for comparative analysis of media culture based on the notion of genre, and applies it to a comparative analysis of television as a cultural form in socialist and post-socialist Croatia. The paper explores how the shares and generic composition of program modes of information, entertainment and fiction change in time, and how the contribution of different genres to program flow and modes varies with the changes of political, economic and technological context. Longitudinal trends in television flows are comparatively evaluated in relation to trends in genre developments in Europe and their relationship to the changes in the cultural role of television. The results show a decrease in the information and an increase in the fiction mode between socialism and democracy, with some similarities of the Croatian and western television culture in relation to genre and mode composition and flow, albeit with a belated introduction of neo television genres. Notwithstanding the limited freedom of expression and ideological content, which necessarily influenced socialist media culture, television as a cultural form in Croatia developed in concert with the global program flows. The article is based on original content analysis of television schedules where the unit of analysis is a televisions program listing. The analogue television universe is represented by longitudinal data for 1959, 1969, 1979, 1989, 1999, and 2009. The stratified systematic sample (N=3934 for each chosen year consists of two constructed weeks from a universe of all listed programs broadcast on all free to air television channels with a national reach license.

  17. Measurements of atmospheric fallout in Argentina; Determinacion del fallout atmosferico en la Republica Argentina

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Canoba, A C; Lopez, F O; Bruno, H A

    1998-11-01

    With the purpose of studying the radioactive fallout present in Argentina from atmospheric nuclear explosions tests that have been conducted recently, an environmental monitoring program, outside the influence of nuclear facilities of Argentina, was undertaken during 1996 and 1997. The levels of Cs-137 and Sr-90 were analysed in samples of air, deposited material (rainwater), milk, an average meal of a standard man and food. During this period, a total of 630 radiochemical analysis were performed on 325 samples of the different matrices described. The concentration levels of the radionuclides analysed in the different environmental matrices are presented and are compared with the values obtained in the environmental monitoring program done during the period 1960-1981. (author) 3 refs., 9 tabs. [Espanol] Con el proposito de estudiar la precipitacion radiactiva presente en la Republica Argentina, debido al ensayo de armas nucleares en la atmosfera realizadas en el pasado, se implemento el muestreo ambiental fuera de la zona de influencia de las instalaciones nucleares de la Argentina durante los anios 1996 y 1997. Se determinaron las concentraciones de cesio 137 y estroncio 90 en muestras de aire, deposito de material radiactivo (agua de lluvia), leche, dieta promedio de un individuo estandar y en alimentos varios. Se realizaron, durante el periodo mencionado, un total de 630 determinaciones radioquimicas sobre 325 muestras de las diferentes matrices mencionadas. Se presentan los niveles de concentracion de los radionucleidos analizados en las distintas matrices ambientales y se comparan los valores obtenidos en los monitoreos realizados durante el periodo 1960-1981. (autor)

  18. ARMONIZAREA MANAGEMENTULUI ACHIZIŢIILOR PUBLICE DIN REPUBLICA MOLDOVA LA DIRECTIVELE UE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria COJOCARU

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available În acest articol sunt abordate probleme ce vizează reforma sistemului de achiziţii publice al Republicii Moldova şi al României, armonizarea legislaţiei şi a procesului de achiziţii publice la normele europene. Întru realizarea scopului şi sarcinilor propuse au fost aplicate diferite metode de cercetare: monografică, comparativă, metoda grafică. Cercetarea procesului de achiziţii publice, în contextul prevederilor legislative ale Uniunii Europene, a permis autorilor să constate prezenţa unor nereguli şi disfuncţionalităţi în organizarea şi desfăşurarea procedurilor de achiziţii publice la nivel naţional. În concluzie, au fost formulate sugestii menite să contribuie la perfecţionarea managementului achiziţiilor publice din Republica Moldova.HARMONIZATION OF PROCUREMENT MANAGEMENT IN MOLDOVA TO EU DIRECTIVESIn this article the author presents a studio on the reform of the procurement system of Moldova and Romania, har­monization of legislation and the process of European procurement rules. In achieving established goals were applied different research methods: monographic, comparative graphical method. Research the procurement process in the con­text of the legislative European Union (EU, allowed the author to declare the presence of irregularities and failures in organization and conduct of procurement procedures at national level. In conclusion, suggestions were made that would help to improve the management of public procurement in Moldova.

  19. Class and Gender in Prime-Time Television Entertainment: Observations from a Socialist Feminist Perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steeves, H. Leslie; Smith, Marilyn Crafton

    1987-01-01

    Assesses representations of women in television entertainment programs from a socialist feminist perspective. Elaborates on socialist feminist theory, presents concepts for an analysis of both class and gender oppression, and argues that most socialist feminist cultural studies do not address these categories adequately. Uses these concepts to…

  20. Power, ideology and children: Socialist childhoods in Czechoslovakia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marek Tesar

    2018-04-01

    Full Text Available There was not one, singular childhood in socialist Czechoslovakia, but many and diverse, plural, childhoods. Spanning over 40 years (1948–1989, the Czechoslovak communist governance produced diverse conceptualisations of childhoods that remain often invisible, unexplored, and the current analyses are at best sketchy and refer mostly to pedagogical nuances of strong ideological pedagogical struggles. One way to explore such an abundance of historical data in a short journal article is to utilise a somewhat personal narrative of a child. This dialogic approach allows the strong presence of the voice of a child, re-told from an adult’s perspective, and it methodologically justifies an approach to thinking and theorising of socialist childhoods through Vaclav Havel’s (1985; 1989; 1990 theoretical thinking that has been utilised in philosophy of education previously (see Tesar, 2015e. There are also other examples of complex and thorough analyses of socialist childhoods in other countries (see for example Aydarova et al, 2016, and theoretical thinking about the socialist child as a foreigner to its own land, can be done through Kristeva’s lens (Arndt, 2015.

  1. Housing restitution policies among post-socialist countries: explaining divergence.

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Lux, Martin; Cirman, A.; Sunega, Petr

    2017-01-01

    Roč. 17, č. 1 (2017), s. 145-156 ISSN 1461-6718 R&D Projects: GA ČR GA16-06335S Institutional support: RVO:68378025 Keywords : housing privatisation * property restitution * post-socialist countries Subject RIV: AO - Sociology, Demography OBOR OECD: Sociology

  2. Comerţul intraindustrial cu produse agroalimentare in Republica Moldova: aspecte şi tendinţe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liliana CIMPOIEŞ

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available The paper analyzes the agri-food trade of Moldova from different aspects of intra-industry trade. The aim is to estimate the trend and extent of intra-industry trade in agri-food products of Moldova. The time series from 2001-2015 are examined. According to the obtained results, the level of intra-industry trade in agricultural and food products for Moldova is quite high (78%, fact which indicates a decline of trade relationships with EU countries and an increase with CIS countries. For most commodity groups the values of Grubel Lloyd index present a high average variability over time, fact which reflects the structural changes in Moldova’s agri-food trade. The values of A indices are very low and indicate that most of changes in trade flows had been inter-industrial in nature and probably generated high adjustment costs. The switching results of the B index of marginal intra-industry trade indicate that Moldova’s position on these markets considerably improved and strengthened. Rezumat. În lucrarea dată se analizează fluxurile comerciale cu produse agroalimentare din Republica Moldova sub diferite aspecte ale comerţului intraindustrial. Scopul lucrării este de a estima tendinţa şi dimensiunea comerţului intraindustrial cu produse agroalimentare din Republica Moldova. Perioada analizată include datele din anii 2001-2015. Conform rezultatelor obţinute, nivelul comerţului intraindustrial cu produse agroalimentare pentru Republica Moldova este destul de înalt (78%, şi indică asupra unei diminuări în relaţiile comerciale cu ţările Uniunii Europene (UE şi o majorare în ceea ce priveşte ţările din Comunitatea Statelor Independente (CSI. Pentru majoritatea grupelor de mărfuri indicele Grubel Lloyd prezintă o variabilitate medie înaltă pe parcursul perioadei analizate, ceea ce reflectă schimbările structurale ce au avut loc în comerţul agroalimentar al Republicii Moldova. Indicele A prezintă valori joase, ceea ce

  3. Evaluation of the socialist health policy in Greece.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsalikis, G

    1988-01-01

    Following seven years of military rule and seven years of "democratic restoration" under the Right, Greece is now sailing under the flag of the Panhellenic Socialist Movement (PASOK). The Movement was inspired by the ideals of participatory democracy and socialization of the economy and of social services. A central part of socialist planning brought about the National Health System Act (1983) and related legislation intended to universalize health care, remove disparities, and restrict the private sector. It is argued here that the implementation of PASOK's statutory reforms in this field, as in others, will be subject to its ability to transform traditional patterns of production and consumption. As is now increasingly understood, it is hard to plan for socialism on the basis of wants provisions and patterns of consumption established under capitalism.

  4. Young Socialist Men in Mid-Sixties Britain

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hughes, Celia Penelope

    2012-01-01

    This article examines the political, social and psychological experiences of a group of young working-class men who in the early-to-mid 1960s became active members in branches of the Labour Party Young Socialists. Concentrated in London's East End, these branches had become increasingly open...... to the politics of International Socialism, a tiny libertarian Trotskyist group that provided these young men with a political education and a social circle, and propelled them into a bourgeoning activist network. Activism in their groups occurred at a crucial moment of personal and political transition – social...... at subjectivity and gender to understand how their sub-culture provided for childhood structures of feeling and early class identity and to consider what meaning they derived from active socialist involvement....

  5. Hospital reforms in France under a Socialist government.

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Pouvourville, G

    1986-01-01

    French health care faced the dual crises of rising costs and excess physicians. No government, whether left or right, could avoid focusing reform on the extensive public hospital system. Many differences introduced by the Socialists after 1981 were rhetorical and relational--matters of "democratization" of governance and "control" of physicians. Paradoxically, the two major structural reforms, "departmentalization" and "global budgeting," were extensions of actions begun under preceding governments. Neither has come to fruition yet.

  6. CHINA AND THE SOCIALIST TRANSITION - A BRIEF SKETCH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luís Carapinha

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The troubled course of the revolutionary process of building socialism in China reveals a gradual reorientation of revolutionary energies to the "technical tasks", focused on economic development and increase of productive forces. The theoretical and practical reframing of Chinese socialist transition acquires a qualitative dimension with the proclamation of the Reform and Opening policy and the recognition of the historical phase that the Communist Party of China, since Deng Xiaoping, defined as the primary stage of socialism. The economic reformulation stresses the issue of the use of market instruments in the process of socialist transition in China, establishing a parallel with the pioneering experience of Soviet NEP. The socialist market economy in China corresponds to a model of mixed economy, in which public ownership and the State hold the commanding heights of the economy, and the integration into the world economy is a key lever. This reality that does not set as granted a return of China to the dominance of capitalism. At the same time, the inevitable clash between the dynamics of two conflicting economic systems – socialism and capitalism – raises to the CCP and the Chinese proletariat the theoretical and practical requirement of safeguarding a re-updated class perspective.

  7. Interregional migration in socialist countries: the case of China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wei, Y

    1997-03-01

    "This paper analyzes changing interregional migration in China and reveals that the recent eastward migration reverses patterns of migration under Mao. It finds that investment variables are more important than the conventional variables of income and job opportunities in determining China's recent interregional migration. It suggests that both state policy and the global force influence interregional migration, challenging the popular view that the socialist state is the only critical determinant. This paper also criticizes Mao's approach to interregional migration and discusses the impact of migration on development." excerpt

  8. Main trends of cooperation of physicists in socialist countries

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Biryukov, V.

    1978-01-01

    The work of JINR at Dubna, the first international scientific centre of socialist countries, is focused on studies in theoretical physics, high energy physics, nuclear physics, and low energy physics. Results are described obtained so far in the above fields as well as computer technology and data processing. JINR is also a centre for accelerator technology work. The U-300 three-meter cyclotron and the U-200 two-meter isochronous cyclotron were installed and the U-400 four-meter cyclotron is being built. The experience of JINR shows that the institute has become an educational facility for scientists and specialists from the participating countries. (J.P.)

  9. 77 FR 60675 - Certain Frozen Fish Fillets From the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: Initiation of Antidumping...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-04

    ... DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration [A-552-801] Certain Frozen Fish Fillets... fillets (``fish'') from the Socialist Republic of Vietnam (``Vietnam''). The Department has determined... Notice of Antidumping Duty Order: Certain Frozen Fish Fillets From the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, 68...

  10. 77 FR 73424 - Certain Frozen Fish Fillets From the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: Partial Rescission of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-10

    ... DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration [A-552-801] Certain Frozen Fish Fillets... order on certain frozen fish fillets (``fish fillets'') from the Socialist Republic of Vietnam..., 2011. \\1\\ See Notice of Antidumping Duty Order: Certain Frozen Fish Fillets from the Socialist Republic...

  11. 78 FR 40100 - Certain Frozen Fish Fillets from the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: Rescission of Antidumping...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-03

    ... DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration [A-552-801] Certain Frozen Fish Fillets... frozen fish fillets from the Socialist Republic of Vietnam (``Vietnam'') covering the period August 1... Certain Frozen Fish Fillets from the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: Initiation of Antidumping Duty New...

  12. Social mobility in socialist Serbia: A revisionist approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonić Slobodan

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper starts from the findings of the latest study of social structure in Serbia (2012, which show a significant reduction of vertical social mobility, especially for further inter-stratum distance. In light of these data, the author considers that we have to re-examine earlier, very biting evaluation of some Serbian sociologists concerning 'closeness' for mobility of the society in socialist Serbia. The author analyzes and re-evaluated findings of earlier research (Janićijević, 1970; Flere and Đurđev, 1982/3; Bogdanovic, 1986; 1988; Vukovic, 1989. He concludes that very brisk evaluation of mobility in the Serbian society during socialism is a consequence of schematic interpretation of these findings with Yasuda 's index.

  13. Analysis of the indices of thermal comfort for the conditions of the Mexican Republic; Analisis de los indices de confort termico para las condiciones de la republica mexicana

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fuentes Freixanet, Victor; Rodriguez Viqueira, Manuel [Universidad Autonoma Metropolitana - Unidad Azcapotzalco (Mexico)

    2009-07-15

    The objective of this article is to analyze different indices of thermal comfort for the Mexican Republic. Among them the Fanger (PMV and PPD) physiological methods of comfort and the new effective temperature index are included. The standard effective temperature (SET), as well as the adaptive methods of Humphreys and Nicol, Auliciems, De Dear and Brager. A comparative analysis is done of the different indices through thematic maps determined by interpolation, using a climatic data base of 700 cities obtained from the observatories and stations of the National Meteorological Service. This article pretends to establish general criteria of the thermal comfort to later define design strategies for each one of the climatic regions of the Mexican Republic. [Spanish] El objetivo de este articulo es analizar distintos indices de confort termico para la Republica Mexicana. Entre ellos se incluyen los metodos fisiologicos de confort de Fanger (PMV y PPD), el indice de nueva temperatura efectiva. La temperatura efectiva estandar (SET), asi como los metodos adaptativos de Humphreys y Nicol, Auliciems, De Dear y Brager. Se hace un analisis comparativo de los distintos indices a traves de mapas tematicos determinados por interpolacion, usando una base de datos climaticos de 700 ciudades obtenidos de los observatorios y estaciones del Servicio Meteorologico Nacional. Este articulo presenta establecer criterios generales del confort termico para posteriormente definir estrategias de diseno para cada una de las regiones climaticas de la Republica Mexicana.

  14. Decree 316/011. It approve the bases for the oil companies selection process about the hydrocarbons exploration and exploitation in the Republica Oriental del Uruguay offshore Round II including the respective model contract

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2011-01-01

    This decree approve the bases for the oil companies interested in the hydrocarbons exploration and exploitation in the Republica Oriental del Uruguay. The energetic fossil research is regulated by the energetic sector with rules defined by the executive. Ancap evaluate the company proposals in relation of different topics such as drilling and processing, electromagnetism, sea floor sediments samples, oil well evidences and seismic information

  15. 78 FR 62583 - Welded Stainless Pressure Pipe From Malaysia, Thailand, and the Socialist Republic of Vietnam...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-22

    ... Pressure Pipe From Malaysia: Request for Extension of Preliminary Determination,'' ``Welded Stainless Steel... Stainless Pressure Pipe From Malaysia, Thailand, and the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: Postponement of...: Charles Riggle (Malaysia), Brandon [[Page 62584

  16. The Scientific and Technical Revolution in the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vien, Nguyen Khac

    1979-01-01

    Discussed are the reasons for the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam's scientific backwardness. A development project which will enable this country to become a modern, economically self-sufficient country by the year 2000 is outlined. (BT)

  17. For a Socialist Theoretical System for Human Rights with Chinese Characteristics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GU CHUNDE

    2011-01-01

    @@ Ⅰ.The Necessity and Feasibility for Developing a Socialist Theoretical System for Human Rights with Chinese Characteristics Development of such a system is needed to ensure success of the social transformation and transition ongoing up in China.

  18. Incidents in Czechoslovakian "Socialist Management" between 1956 and 1989. Conflict and Reconciliation

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Vilímek, Tomáš; Tůma, Oldřich

    42/43, Spring-Summer (2016), s. 187-240 ISSN 1310-9456 Institutional support: RVO:68378114 Keywords : socialist management * centrally planned economy * Czechoslovakia 1956-1989 Subject RIV: AB - History

  19. Buildings from the Socialist Past as part of a City’s Brand Identity: The case of Warsaw

    OpenAIRE

    Ochkovskaya Marina; Gerasimenko Valentina

    2018-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to investigate those buildings left over from Warsaw’s socialist past as a part of the city’s brand visual identity including their perception by foreign tourists and local citizens. Although Lisiak (2009) examined the destruction, removal and presence of these remnants from the socialist past in Central European cities, a comparative study of the perception of these architectural sites erected in Warsaw during socialist times has not been carried out specifically so ...

  20. The socialist regime: The intellectual origin of the images

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dmitry Shlapentokh

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Every phenomenon exists in several dimensions. It has several ontological attributes, so to speak, which provide opportunities for a variety of interpretations. The Bolshevik Revolution and the Soviet regime could be an example. At the beginning of Soviet history the revolution was seen as the beginning of a worldwide revolution opening an era of liberation for workers all over the world. As the Soviet regime solidified its position, the hope for worldwide revolution faded. In the new context, observers, especially outside Russia, looked at the regime from a different perspective. For them it represented the country's national interests, and its socialist slogans should not be taken at face value. Some believed post-revolutionary Russia was similar to post-revolutionary France and was experiencing its “Thermidor.” Others assumed the revolution showed Russia as a “Eurasian” state where all ethnic/religious groups lived in “symbiosis.” Finally, some assumed the Soviet regime would lead to the transformation of the human species and the human conquest of cosmos. This transition from one image to another does not mean that one illusion, one “wrong” image, follows another. It also does not mean the very notion of true meaning is meaningless simply because no reality exists as a fixed entity, and one could therefore “construct” any type of reality. It simply means that there are many attributes of the revolution, which are revealed in the course of time.

  1. New trajectories of post-socialist residential mobility in Bucharest

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bogdan Suditu

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Over the post-socialist period, residential mobility processes were very intense and took place on large areas. Flow intensity led to the emergence of new spatial and functional realities and created new relationships within the affected areas. During all this period, Bucharest’s metropolitan area was shaped by the spatial mobility of the city dwellers, as well as by the change of their social and residential aspirations. The majority of those who were registered as movers in Bucharest were actually residents of Bucharest (they only changed their domicile and the share of people coming to the city from elsewhere has increased constantly over the last decade. Except for the early 1990s, a period when residential legal status was pending clarification, migrations from peri-urban area, especially from Ilfov County, to Bucharest had a low intensity. Situation is quite different in terms of moving out of Bucharest, to the communes and towns of Ilfov County, located in close proximity, which have been continuously increasing values. The correlation between housing stock features (real estate supply and the demand of new dwellings (emphasized by the residential trajectories prove both that current mobility flows taking place at this time in Bucharest are segmented based on economic-spatial criteria and that Markov chains are functional.

  2. The nuclear power policy in Argentina (1965-2003); La politica publica de generacion nucleoelectrica en la Republica Argentina (1965-2003)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Carreiro, Francisco M [Buenos Aires Univ. (Argentina). Facultad de Ciencias Economicas

    2005-07-01

    This paper aims to expose some outcomes of a larger research on the nuclear power plants public policy review in Argentine, between 1965 and 2003. It points out the relevance of institutional design as a main factor to explain the policy evolution, and offers unpublished statistic data of this nuclear energy sector. Finally, some comments are presented in order to highlight the importance of the unsolved policy aspects that concern the decision makers in this area. (author) [Spanish] El presente trabajo deriva de un estudio integral desde la optica de la politica publica, y tiene como objetivo el analisis de la evolucion de la politica publica de generacion nucleoelectrica en la Republica Argentina entre los anios 1965 y 2003. (autor)

  3. Images d’un camp de vacances en pays socialiste

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ania Szczepanska

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available En 1976, Marcel Lozinski choisit d’aller filmer un camp de vacances organisé par le mouvement de la jeunesse socialiste dans la région des lacs de Mazurie en Pologne. Le cinéaste décide de filmer le quotidien de ces jeunes familles en vacances, entre quiz politiques, leçons de savoir vivre et concours de la famille modèle. Pour cela, il élabore un protocole de travail singulier : aux vacanciers s’ajoutent des personnes complices du cinéaste dont le rôle sera pour certains de participer activement à la vie collective, pour d’autres de s’y opposer.Tourné en 1976, le documentaire Comment vivre attendra cinq années avant d’être diffusé en salle, en tant que fiction. Pourquoi cette diffusion retardée et surtout, que penser de cette requalification a posteriori ? Outre l’analyse du film lui-même, un entretien mené avec Marcel Lozinski ainsi que des archives consultées à la filmothèque de Varsovie apporteront des éléments d’analyse sur la réception de l’œuvre par les autorités cinématographiques de l’époque, mais également sur le sens produit par les dispositifs mis en place par le cinéaste au cours de ce tournage.

  4. Hock, Beáta. 2013. Gendered Artistic Positions and Social Voices - Politics, Cinema and the Visual Arts in State-Socialist and Post-Socialist Hungary. Stuttgart: Franz Steiner Verlag. 284 pp. illus.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lilla Tőke

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Hock, Beáta. 2013. Gendered Artistic Positions and Social Voices - Politics, Cinema and the Visual Arts in State-Socialist and Post-Socialist Hungary. Stuttgart: Franz Steiner Verlag. 284 pp. illus. Reviewed by Lilla Tőke, Assistant Professor, City University of New York, LaGuardia Community College

  5. Ideological Cooperation versus Cold War Realpolitik - The SED and the Icelandic Socialist Party

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valur Ingimundarson

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with the relationship between the East German Socialist Unity Party (SED and the Icelandic Socialist Party (SEI during the Cold War. It details the structural limitations of ideological cooperation between the two parties – Iceland’s NATO membership and the U.S. military presence – as well as its possibilities, especially in the 1950s, through the governmental participation of the SEI. Special attention is devoted to the role played by Einar Olgeirsson, the chairman of the SEI 1939–1968, who was instrumental in forging and developing political, economic, and cultural ties with the SED and the German Democratic Republic. The article argues that this experiment in transnational solidarity between socialist parties from two radically different political systems failed in the end due to several factors, including ideological differences and the political and economic development in Iceland.

  6. 78 FR 11150 - Utility Scale Wind Towers From the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: Amended Final Determination of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-15

    ... From the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: Amended Final Determination of Sales at Less Than Fair Value... Department published the final determination of sales at less than fair value in the antidumping duty... the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: Final Determination of Sales at Less Than Fair Value, 77 FR 75984...

  7. 76 FR 81913 - Certain Frozen Fish Fillets From the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: Extension of Time Limit for...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-29

    ... DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration [A-552-801] Certain Frozen Fish Fillets... antidumping duty order on certain frozen fish fillets from the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.\\1\\ Subsequent to..., 2012. \\1\\ See Certain Frozen Fish Fillets From the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: Preliminary Results...

  8. 78 FR 48415 - Certain Frozen Fish Fillets From the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: Amended Final Results of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-08

    ... DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration [A-552-801] Certain Frozen Fish Fillets... review of the antidumping duty order on certain frozen fish fillets (``fish fillets'') from the Socialist... August 1, 2011, through January 31, 2012. \\1\\ See Certain Frozen Fish Fillets from the Socialist Republic...

  9. 76 FR 70111 - Certain Frozen Fish Fillets from the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: Extension of Deadline for...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-10

    ... DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration [A-552-801] Certain Frozen Fish Fillets... antidumping duty order on certain frozen fish fillets from the Socialist Republic of Vietnam (``Vietnam'').\\1... 4, 2011.\\3\\ \\1\\ See Notice of Antidumping Duty Order: Certain Frozen Fish Fillets from the Socialist...

  10. 75 FR 29726 - Certain Frozen Fish Fillets From the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: Notice of Partial Rescission...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-27

    ... DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration [A-552-801] Certain Frozen Fish Fillets... antidumping duty order on certain frozen fish fillets from the Socialist Republic of Vietnam (``Vietnam''). See Notice of Antidumping Duty Order: Certain Frozen Fish Fillets From the Socialist Republic of...

  11. 76 FR 20626 - Certain Frozen Fish Fillets From the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: Extension of Time Limit for...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-13

    ... DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration [A-552-801] Certain Frozen Fish Fillets... and requests for revocation in part for certain frozen fish fillets from the Socialist Republic of... administrative reviews and requests for revocation in part for certain frozen fish fillets from the Socialist...

  12. 77 FR 1470 - Certain Frozen Fish Fillets From the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: Extension of Time for Final...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-10

    ... DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration [A-552-801] Certain Frozen Fish Fillets... preliminary results of the new shipper review of certain frozen fish fillets from the Socialist Republic of... due no later than March 4, 2012. \\1\\ See Certain Frozen Fish Fillets From the Socialist Republic of...

  13. 75 FR 80795 - Certain Frozen Fish Fillets From the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: Extension of Time Limit for...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-23

    ... DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration [A-552-801] Certain Frozen Fish Fillets... of the sixth administrative and new shipper reviews of certain frozen fish fillets from the Socialist... January 13, 2011. \\1\\ See Certain Frozen Fish Fillets From the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: Notice of...

  14. 75 FR 44938 - Certain Frozen Fish Fillets From the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: Extension of Time Limit for...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-30

    ... DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration [A-552-801] Certain Frozen Fish Fillets... the period August 1, 2008, through July 31, 2009. See Certain Frozen Fish Fillets from the Socialist...: Antidumping Duty Administrative Review of Certain Frozen Fish Fillets from the Socialist Republic of Vietnam...

  15. 75 FR 26199 - Certain Frozen Fish Fillets from the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: Extension of Time Limit for...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-11

    ... DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration [A-552-801] Certain Frozen Fish Fillets... 31, 2009. See Certain Frozen Fish Fillets From the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: Preliminary Results... Barrientos, Senior Case Analyst, Certain Frozen Fish Fillets from the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, dated...

  16. 76 FR 47149 - Certain Frozen Fish Fillets From the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: Notice of Partial Rescission...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-04

    ... DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration [A-552-801] Certain Frozen Fish Fillets... antidumping duty order on certain frozen fish fillets from the Socialist Republic of Vietnam (``Vietnam''). See Notice of Antidumping Duty Order: Certain Frozen Fish Fillets From the Socialist Republic of...

  17. 75 FR 57261 - Certain Frozen Fish Fillets From the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: Correction of Date for the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-20

    ... DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration [A-552-801] Certain Frozen Fish Fillets... reviews for certain frozen fish fillets from the Socialist Republic of Vietnam covering the period August 1, 2009, through February 15, 2010. See Certain Frozen Fish Fillets From the Socialist Republic of...

  18. 76 FR 61088 - Certain Frozen Fish Fillets From the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: Initiation of New Shipper...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-03

    ... DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration [A-552-801] Certain Frozen Fish Fillets... antidumping duty order on certain frozen fish fillets from the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, received between... on certain frozen fish fillets from the Socialist Republic of Vietnam was published in the Federal...

  19. 78 FR 55676 - Certain Frozen Fish Fillets From the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: Preliminary Results of the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-11

    ... DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration [A-552-801] Certain Frozen Fish Fillets... order on certain frozen fish fillets (``fish fillets'') from the Socialist Republic of Vietnam... preliminary results. \\1\\ See Notice of Antidumping Duty Order: Certain Frozen Fish Fillets From the Socialist...

  20. The News Paradigm and the Limits of Objectivity: A Socialist at the "Wall Street Journal."

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reese, Stephen D.

    Using the case study approach to examine an important aspect of the news paradigm (the objectivity of the journalist), this paper examines the case of A. Kent MacDougall, a former reporter for the "Wall Street Journal" and the "Los Angeles Times" who revealed that he was a socialist and often wrote for radical publications…

  1. Capitalism Reborn, Chaos and the Post-Socialist Freefall: A View from Europe's "New Periphery"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Templer, Bill

    2014-01-01

    The present paper--from a vantage in Bulgaria, and focusing in significant part on this country as an iconic example of the "post-socialist freefall' and its dystopia on European capitalism's neocolonial "new periphery"--is a revised version of an earlier chapter in "Immiseration Capitalism and Education: Austerity, Resistance…

  2. Empowerment in a Socialist Egalitarian Agenda: Minority Women in China's Higher Education System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Zhenzhou

    2011-01-01

    Socialist egalitarianism and empowerment represent two different routes for realising equality of group differentiation. The former is pursued through top-down enactment by state apparatuses, while the latter closely relates to autonomous social movements, such as those occurring in liberal democratic societies. Using the experience of minority…

  3. Making Socialists: Mary Bridges Adams and the Fight for Knowledge and Power, 1855-1939

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weiler, Kathleen

    2012-01-01

    This article presents a review of "Making socialists: Mary Bridges Adams and the fight for knowledge and power, 1855-1939," by Jane Martin. Jane Martin has explored the history of late-nineteenth-century and early-twentieth century-British women educational activists in numerous publications over the past two decades. Her first book,…

  4. 77 FR 20008 - Certain Frozen Fish Fillets From the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: Initiation of Antidumping...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-03

    ... DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration [A-552-801] Certain Frozen Fish Fillets... four new shipper reviews (``NSRs'') of the antidumping duty order on certain frozen fish fillets... Antidumping Duty Order: Certain Frozen Fish Fillets From the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, 68 FR 47909...

  5. 78 FR 59915 - Certain Frozen Fish Fillets From the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: Initiation of Antidumping...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-30

    ... DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration [A-552-801] Certain Frozen Fish Fillets... fillets (``fish fillets'') from the Socialist Republic of Vietnam (``Vietnam'') that meets the statutory... INFORMATION: Background The AD order on fish fillets from Vietnam was published on August 12, 2003.\\1\\ On...

  6. 78 FR 18957 - Certain Frozen Fish Fillets From the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: Initiation of Antidumping...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-28

    ... DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration [A-552-801] Certain Frozen Fish Fillets... frozen fish fillets (``fish fillets'') from the Socialist Republic of Vietnam (``Vietnam''). The..., DC 20230; telephone: 202-482-0238. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Background The AD order on fish fillets...

  7. 77 FR 20356 - Certain Frozen Fish Fillets From the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: Extension of Preliminary...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-04

    ... DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration [A-552-801] Certain Frozen Fish Fillets... frozen fish fillets (``fish fillets'') from the Socialist Republic of Vietnam (``Vietnam''). These... on fish fillets from Vietnam.\\1\\ On October 3, 2011 the Department published a notice of initiation...

  8. "Quiet Food Sovereignty” as Food Sovereignty without Movements? Understanding Food Sovereignty in Post-Socialist Russia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    O. Visser (Oane); N.V. Mamonova (Natalia); M.N. Spoor (Max); A. Nikulin (Alexander)

    2017-01-01

    textabstractWhat does food sovereignty look like in settings where rural social movements are weak or non-existent, such as in countries with post-socialist, semi-authoritarian regimes? Focusing on Russia, we present a divergent form of food sovereignty. Building on the concept of ‘quiet

  9. OPTIMIZAREA SISTEMULUI FISCAL – PREMISA CREĂRII UNEI ECONOMII DE PIAŢĂ FUNCŢIONALĂ ÎN REPUBLICA MOLDOVA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Petru GRICIUC

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Cadrul analitic pe care autorul îl dezvoltă în acest articol sugerează trei dimensiuni cu ajutorul cărora poate fi eva-luat impactul politicii fiscale asupra funcţionalităţii economiei naţionale. Aceste dimensiuni sunt: sustenabilitatea fis-cală; structura fiscală; stabilizarea fiscală. Eforturile pe care Republica Moldova trebuie să le depună pentru a asigura sustenabilitatea fiscală, o structură fiscală eficientă şi îmbunătăţi stabilitatea macroeconomică ţin de: cadrul fiscal (cadrul legislativ şi instituţional, politica fiscală şi managementul fiscal.FISCAL SYSTEM OPTIMIZATION – PREMISE FOR CREATING A FUNCTIONAL MARKET ECONOMY IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVAThe analytical framework that the author develops in this article suggests three dimensions by which it is possible to assess the impact of fiscal policy impact on the functionality of the national economy. The dimensions are the fiscal sustainability, the tax structure, and fiscal stabilization. The efforts that Moldova should make to ensure a fiscal sustainability, an efficient tax structure and improved macroeconomic stability are related to the fiscal framework (legislative and institutional, fiscal policy and fiscal management.

  10. Agreement between the Governments of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic, the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic and the International Atomic Energy Agency regarding international research on the consequences of the accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant to be carried out at the ''Pripyat'' scientific centre

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1990-10-01

    The document reproduces the text of the Agreement between the Governments of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic, the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic and the International Atomic Energy Agency regarding International Research on the Consequences of the Accident at the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant to be carried out at the ''Pripyat'' Scientific Centre which was approved by the IAEA's Board of Governors on 12 September 1990. It was signed on 21 September 1990 and entered into force on the same date

  11. 76 FR 59658 - Certain Frozen Fish Fillets From the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: Extension of Time Limit for...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-27

    ... DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration [A-552-801] Certain Frozen Fish Fillets..., the antidumping duty order on certain frozen fish fillets from the Socialist Republic of Vietnam... of initiation for the new shipper review of [[Page 59659

  12. [Socialist escapes. Breaking away from ideology and everday routine in Eastern Europe 1945-1989] / Karsten Brüggemann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Brüggemann, Karsten, 1965-

    2014-01-01

    Arvustus: Socialist escapes: Breaking away from ideology and everday routine in Eastern Europe 1945-1989, co-edited with Cathleen M. Giustino and Catherine J. Plum (New York and Oxford: Berghahn Books, 2013).

  13. Population aging in Albanian post-socialist society: Implications for care and family life

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meçe Merita

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Population aging is becoming an inevitable phenomenon in Albanian post-socialist society, posing multi-faceted challenges to its individuals, families and society as a whole. Since 1991, the Albanian population has been exposed to intensive demographic changes caused by unintended aspects of socio-economic transition from a planned socialist economy to a market-oriented capitalist one (Hoff, 2008. Ongoing processes of re-organization of social institutions increased its socio-economic insecurity leading to the application of various coping mechanisms. While adjusting themselves to other aspects of life, people changed their decisions of having children and leaving the country (Hoff, 2008. On the other hand, replacement of former traditional extended family forms with diverse living arrangements and family structures has been the outcome of the combination of three factors: falling fertility, increasing life expectancy and increasing migration (INSTAT, 2014.

  14. “Building a New Socialist Countryside” – Only a Political Slogan?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gunter Schubert

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available In March 2006, China’s National People’s Congress officially promulgated the central government’s intention to “build a new socialist countryside”, a new policy initiative and approach to rural development. Drawing on fieldwork conducted in two Chinese counties in 2008 and 2009, this article investigates how the new policy is being substantiated and implemented at the local level. It argues that by combining China’s new fiscal system of transfer payments to poor local governments with administrative reforms, intensified internal project evaluation, and efforts to increase the rural income through a mixture of infrastructural investment, agricultural specialization, the expansion of social welfare, and accelerated urbanization, “building a new socialist countryside” constitutes more than a political slogan and has the potential to successfully overcome rural poverty and the rural-urban divide.

  15. Spatial Planning in Estonia – From A Socialist to Inclusive Perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mart HIOB

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Spatial planning in Eastern Europe has gone through major changes during the years after the Soviet occupation ended around 1990. New planning standards were eagerly accepted but the practice was often carried out in a socialist manner. This article gives an overview of planning law and practice in Estonia during the transition period. The example presented is a district in Tartu, the second largest city of 100,000 inhabitants. The article analyses different master planning documents covering the whole district and compares both their process of compilation and their content to former Soviet era plans. The conclusion is that the transition from socialist to inclusive planning in Estonia has taken at least two decades, and the process is still not fi nished. This shows that the legal framework alone is not suffi cient to transform planning practice – a new ideology has to be accepted by the specialist as well as the politicians and the general public.

  16. In defense of shock therapy: Post-socialist transition of the Czech Republic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Scott A. Beaulier

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Popov (2007, 2000, Kolodko (2000, and Stiglitz (1999 argue that a shock therapy approach has a negative effect on post-socialist transition. Their benchmark for shock therapy, however, refers to the debate on the speed of market reforms. We propose that a more meaningful benchmark is the experience of the Czech Republic, Russia, and other transition economies which share similar approach to the market reforms, but have solved political economy problems of credibility and commitment differently. We compare the Czech Republic’s economic, political, and social performance to these benchmarks in all other post-socialist countries since they began their transitions. We find that the Czech transition is a consistent success because the Havel shock therapy has solved the political economy problems of reform’s credibility and state’s commitment to reform.

  17. Constitution and religiosity of/in the constitutional order of the National Socialist Empire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Velez, Pedro

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available In this article, we will analyse the National Socialist regime as a politico-constitutional reality. We will do it from a new way of looking at politico-constitutional phenomena, interpreting them as registered in a religious grounding. It seeks to show that the National Socialist regime was characterised by having identified the political community – a racially interpreted and raised community to the Absolute – with an empirical historic personality regarded as eminently communitarian. It suggests that the regime constitutes a sui generis case, either in a context of regimes conventionally classified as "right-wing authoritarian and/or totalitarian" or in a larger context of contemporary politics.

  18. Role of Creative Industries in the Post-Socialist Urban Transformation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stryjakiewicz Tadeusz

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Over the past two decades the cities in Central and Eastern Europe have witnessed a wide-ranging transformation in many aspects. The introduction of a market-oriented economy after half a century of socialism has brought about deep social, economic, cultural and political changes. The first stage of the changes, the 1990s, involved the patching up of structural holes left by the previous system. The post-socialist city had to face challenges of the future while carrying the ballast of the past. Rapid progress in catching up with the West transformed the city a great deal. Later on, the advent of the 21st century brought a new wave of development processes based, among other things, on creativity and innovation. Hence our contribution aims to explore the role of creativity and creative industries in the post-socialist urban transformation. The article consists of three basic parts. In the first we present the concept of a ‘creative post-socialist city’ and define the position of creative industries in it. We also indicate some similarities to and differences from the West European approaches to this issue. In the second part, examples from Central and Eastern Europe are used in an attempt to elucidate the concept of a ‘creative post-socialist city’ by identifying some basic features of creative actions /processes as well as a creative environment, both exogenous and endogenous. The former is embedded in different local networks, both formal (institutionalised and informal, whereas the structure of the latter is strongly path-dependent. In the third part we critically discuss the role of local policies on the development of creative industries, pointing out some of their shortcomings and drawing up recommendations for future policy measures.

  19. Propaganda of the Occupation Regime of National Socialistic Germany in Latvia (1941-1945)

    OpenAIRE

    Kaspars Zellis

    2011-01-01

    Annotation Doctoral thesis „Propaganda of the Occupation Regime of National Socialistic Germany in Latvia (1941-1945)” presents analysis of Nazi propaganda towards people of Latvia during the World War II. The analysis covers the institutions of propaganda and the main channels of propaganda – media, radio, cinema etc. The content of propaganda has been analyzed in the research as well. The thesis deals with the issue of propaganda of integration, the main goal of which was creating a n...

  20. Characteristics and drivers of forest cover change in the post-socialist era in Croatia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cvitanovi, Marin; Blackburn, George Alan; Rudbeck Jepsen, Martin

    2016-01-01

    of deforestation and reforestation in private- and state-owned forests during the post-socialist period and the causal drivers of change. The selected region of Northern Croatia is characterised by a high percentage of privately owned forests with minimal national monitoring and control. We used a mixed...... show that the deforestation in private forests is weakening overall, mostly due to the continuation of the de-agrarisation and de-ruralisation processes which began during socialism....

  1. The Second Sex in Hungary. Simone de Beauvoir and the (Post-Socialist Condition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mária Joó

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Beauvoir’s work was translated in 1969, a period of change in state socialism: the introduction of some elements of market economy in 1968 (called New Economic Mechanism, the publication of Western bourgeois philosophers as Sartre and Beauvoir, and Marxist philosophers’ efforts to revise orthodox Marxism. ’The woman question’ was declared to be already solved by socialism. The emblematic female identity is of the working mother: free and equal with men by virtue of law, taking part in producing new value as worker and according to her natural role as mother and wife, representing the center of the socialist family. Under these circumstances the reception of The Second Sex is highly interesting: a success (two editions in a high number of copies, but only two contemporary reviews (one friendly, one sharply critical. In this paper, I give a reconstruction of socialist women’s reading of Beauvoir, given their officially propagated homogeneous identity and their unrecognized double burden. They could have identified themselves with Beauvoir’s new, independent woman and at the same time with the traditional woman. Beauvoir’s legacy for us post-socialist women can be derived from this past: to face ambiguities in identity and to vindicate individual freedom.

  2. Participatory measurements of sustainable urban development and quality of life in post-socialist Zadar, Croatia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cavrić Branko

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Over the last two decades, there has been an intensive discourse and research about measuring sustainable urban development. Many cities, regions and countries have decided to introduce indicators for monitoring and measuring the progress towards sustainability. Today there is a wide spread perception that information on the environment in general, and urban environment in particular, is the determinant of effective rational decisions and allocation of resources. Such information would enable planners and decision makers to formulate redistributive policies and programmes to address some of the disparities that exist in a post-socialist city. Cities of the post-socialist world characterized by sharp disparities, socio-economic contrasts and environmental degradation provide an excellent laboratory for tracing information on the quality of urban life. The current situation in the emerging Croatian coastal city of Zadar reflects the diversity of the post-socialist urban change in a very fragile Mediterranean landscape. This paper takes a critical look at sustainable development and its measurements. It describes the participatory approach through which different local communities in Zadar were evaluating quality of life based on basic pillars of sustainable development. The identification and collection of their opinions provide valuable data base and community input into urban governance and development planning decision making.

  3. EVALUAREA POTENŢIALULUI PATRIMONIAL AL ÎNTREPRINDERILOR ŞI ORGANIZAŢIILOR DIN SISTEMUL COOPERAŢIEI DE CONSUM DIN REPUBLICA MOLDOVA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natalia CHIBERCEA

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available În articol este efectuată o analiză a situaţiei financiar-patrimoniale a entităților economice din sistemul cooperației de consum din Republica Moldova, ceea ce a permis autorului să constate că aceasta indică o stare concretă a capitalului entității economice, reprezentând rezultatul realizării scopului activității întreprinderii. În mod particular, în urma desfăşurării reuşite a activităţii economico-financiare, se constată o creştere a activelor controlate de întreprindere, fapt ce reflectă extinderea activităţii de întreprinzător şi sporirea potenţialului economico-financiar.EVALUATION OF THE PATRIMONIAL POTENTIAL OF THE ENTERPRISES AND ORGANIZATIONS FROM THE CONSUMER COOPERATION SYSTEM OF THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVAThis article reflects the analysis of the financial-patrimonial situation of economic entities from the consumer coope­ration system of theRepublicofMoldova, which in general made possible to ascertain that this is a concrete state of the economic entity's capital, representing the result of achieving the purpose of the enterprise's activity. In particular, following the successful conduct of the economic and financial activity, there is an increase in the assets controlled by the enterprise, which reflects the widening of the entrepreneurial activity and increasing economic and financial potential.

  4. Is there an opportunity to establish the social-capitalism in the post socialist transition?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lošonc Alpar

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Recently Claus Offe has put the question that concerns the fate of the European model of social capitalism: Can the model of social capitalism survive the European integration in the context of certain contemporary tendencies? Offe has presupposed that the mentioned model is challenged by the processes of globalization and the integration of the post socialist countries into the European Union. The working hypothesis of the article is that there is an opportunity to provide a coherent answer to this question. The article consists of two parts. In the first part the author starts with the Polanyi's socio-economic theory and emphasizes the importance of this approach for the analyzing of the tendencies of capitalism in Western Europe and in the post socialist countries. The author argues that with the Polanyi's theory we are able to explicate the forms of the embedded liberalism in Western Europe after 1945 and the orientation of non-embedded neo-liberalism and the functioning of the workfare state after the crisis of the Keynesian welfare state. Despite the tendencies of the globalization projected by neo-liberalism, the central element of the social capitalism namely, the welfare state, remains with the dimensions of the continuity. In the next part the author points out that there is an asymmetrical structure between the Western-Europe and non-Western part of Europe concerning the socialization of capitalism. The neoliberalisation in accordance with the model of the transfer of ideal-type of capitalism is more strongly implemented in the countries of transition. In addition, the mentioned theoretical approach provides opportunities to explain the failures of implementing of neo-liberalism in the post socialist countries. On the basis of the endorsing of the socio-economic aspects we can address the issue pointed out by Offe.

  5. PERCEPŢII PRIVIND ANGAJAMENTUL DE ROL ŞI CONFLICTUL MUNCĂ-FAMILIE LA ANGAJAŢII DIN REPUBLICA MOLDOVA: STUDIU EXPLORATIV

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carolina PLATON

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Unul dintre conflictele motivaţionale întâlnite frecvent în mediul organizaţional este „conflictul familie-muncă”. Conflictul, în acest caz, derivă din nevoia de a integra în mod optim solicitările legate de rolul familial cu cele ale rolului profesional. Studiile relevă că acest tip de conflict este o sursă considerabilă de distres atât pentru angajaţi, cât şi pentru organizaţie, afectează starea subiectivă de bine a angajaţilor şi se soldează cu stări emoţionale preponderent negative. Astfel, organizaţiile vor fi cu atât mai atractive pentru angajaţi, cu cât le oferă posibilităţi să integreze solicitările legate de locul de muncă şi cele din familie. Cum este perceput angajamentul de rol şi „conflictul familie-muncă” la angajaţii din Republica Moldova, precum şi felul în care interferează solicitările de roluri sunt aspecte pe care le vom discuta în acest context.PERCEPTIONS REGARDING ROLE COMMITMENT AND WORK-FAMILY CONFLICT OF THE EMPLOYEES FROM THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA: EXPLORATIVE STUDYOne of the motivational conflicts often encountered in the organizational environment is "family-work conflict." The conflict, in this case, derives from the need to integrate optimally family and work-related responsibilities. Studies show that this type of conflict is a source of considerable distress for both employees and the organization; it affects the subjective well-being of employees and results in predominantly negative emotions. Thus, organizations will be more attractive for workers if they can provide opportunities to integrate tasks related to work and family. We will discuss hereby how role commitments and "family-work conflicts" are perceived by employees in RM and the way these multiple roles interfere. 

  6. Economic integration of socialist states through the peaceful utilisation of the atom

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Korff, H.J.

    1975-01-01

    The 'Interatominstrument' organisation was set up at the beginning of 1972 by Bulgaria, Hungary, East Germany, Poland, Russia and Czechoslovakia to help co-ordination between, and economic integration of, socialist countries. An account is given of the important and wide role played by the organisation in the co-ordination and rationalisation of research, development and manufacturing capacity on techniques and equipment based on the peaceful uses of atomic energy. Other functions include procurement, dissemination of information and extension of application of nuclear energy. Reference is made to the significant commercial and other successes already achieved by Interatominstrument. (P.G.R.)

  7. Implications of economic transition and demographics for financing pensions in the former socialist economies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jenkins, G P

    1993-01-01

    "This paper is concerned primarily with the financing of pensions, or the old-age income maintenance portion of the social security system. While the discussion here will be limited to Hungary and Poland, most of the post-socialist countries of East and Central Europe and of the former Soviet Union face similar problems." The author suggests "a set of alternative pension financing strategies....A novel approach is to replace the payroll tax with part of a value-added tax, which may be a good short run solution to current financial crises of the pension systems in these countries." excerpt

  8. Meeting of socialist conntries' representatives on problems of nuclear materials analyses

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pacak, P.; Moravec, J.; Krtil, J.; Sus, F.

    1982-01-01

    A meeting of representatives of the socialist countries was held in Prague from May 18 to 22, 1981, to discuss cooperation in the field of analytical control of nuclear materials. The Czechoslovak delegation informed the participants of the extent and results of the work of the Central Control Laboratory of the Nuclear Research Institute in Rez. A brief survey is given of the nondestructive methods of measuring the physical parameters of nuclear fuel, the methods of destructive determination of uranium and plutonium and the methods of preparation of standard materials for mass spectrometry which the Central Control Laboratory has introduced and verified for securing analytical control of nuclear materials. (B.S.)

  9. "Quiet Food Sovereignty” as Food Sovereignty without Movements? Understanding Food Sovereignty in Post-Socialist Russia

    OpenAIRE

    Visser, Oane; Mamonova, Natalia; Spoor, Max; Nikulin, Alexander

    2017-01-01

    textabstractWhat does food sovereignty look like in settings where rural social movements are weak or non-existent, such as in countries with post-socialist, semi-authoritarian regimes? Focusing on Russia, we present a divergent form of food sovereignty. Building on the concept of ‘quiet sustainability’, we present a dispersed, muted, but clearly bottom-up variant we term ‘quiet food sovereignty’. In the latter, the role of the very productive smallholdings is downplayed by the state and part...

  10. Marx’s Centenary (1918 in the Light of the Media and Socialist Thought

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christian Fuchs

    2018-05-01

    Full Text Available This article takes a historical view on Marx’s anniversary: It analyses how Marx’s centenary (5 May 1918 was reflected in the media and socialist thought. 1918 not just marked Marx’s 100th anniversary but was also the year in which the First World War ended. It was the year that saw the immediate aftermath of the Russian Revolution and the start of the Russian Civil War, the end of the Austro-Hungarian Empire; the formation of the Weimar Republic, Austria’s First Republic, the Czech Republic, the Hungarian Republic, the Second Polish Republic; the founding of the Communist Party of Germany (KPD, and the independence of Iceland from Denmark. The cultural forms, in which Marx’s centenary was reflected in 1918, included press articles, essays, speeches, rallies, demonstrations, music, and banners. The communists as well as left-wing socialists of the day saw themselves in the tradition of Marx, whereas revisionist social democrats based their politics on a criticism or revised reading of Marx. This difference resulted in different readings of Marx.

  11. The Psychoprophylactic Method of Painless Childbirth in Socialist Czechoslovakia: from State Propaganda to Activism of Enthusiasts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hrešanová, Ema

    2016-10-01

    This paper explores the history of the 'psychoprophylactic method of painless childbirth' in socialist Czechoslovakia, in particular, in the Czech and Moravian regions of the country, showing that it substantially differs from the course that the method took in other countries. This non-pharmacological method of pain relief originated in the USSR and became well known as the Lamaze method in western English-speaking countries. Use of the method in Czechoslovakia, however, followed a very different path from both the West, where its use was refined mainly outside the biomedical frame, and the USSR, where it ceased to be pursued as a scientific method in the 1950s after Stalin's death. The method was imported to Czechoslovakia in the early 1950s and it was politically promoted as Soviet science's gift to women. In the 1960s the method became widespread in practice but research on it diminished and, in the 1970s, its use declined too. However, in the 1980s, in the last decade of the Communist regime, the method resurfaced in the pages of Czechoslovak medical journals and underwent an exciting renaissance, having been reintroduced by a few enthusiastic individuals, most of them women. This article explores the background to the renewed interest in the method while providing insight into the wider social and political context that shaped socialist maternity and birth care in different periods.

  12. Friedrich Albert Lange on neo-Kantianism, socialist Darwinism, and a psychology without a soul.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teo, Thomas

    2002-01-01

    Friedrich Albert Lange was a German philosopher, political theorist, educator, and psychologist who outlined an objective psychology in the 1860s. This article shows how some of the most important worldviews of the nineteenth century (Kantianism, Marxism, and Darwinism) were combined creatively in his thought system. He was crucial in the development of neo-Kantianism and incorporated psycho-physiological research on sensation and perception in order to defend Kant's epistemological idealism. Based on a critique of phrenology and philosophical psychology of his time, Lange developed a program of a psychology without a soul. He suggested that only those phenomena that can be observed and controlled should be studied, that psychology should focus on actions and speech, and that for each psychological event the corresponding physical or physiological processes should be identified. Lange opposed introspection and subjective accounts and promoted experiments and statistics. He also promoted Darwinism for psychology while developing a socialist progressive-democratic reading of Darwin in his social theory. The implications of socialist Darwinism on Lange's conceptualization of race are discussed and his prominence in nineteenth century philosophy and psychology is summarized. Copyright 2002 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  13. Post-Soviet Transitions of the Planned Socialist Towns: Visaginas, Lithuania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rasa Baločkaitė

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Visaginas, formerly Sniečkus, (Lithuania was built as a planned socialist town and a satellite settlement to the Ignalina Nuclear Power Plant. Both the plant and the town were established in order to integrate Lithuania into the All-Union economic structures via the energy supply system,. The specific characteristics of the town were a particular mono industry, high living standards, ethnic composition (mostly Russian speaking migrants, Lithuanians as minority, absence of any history prior to 1973 and strong pro-Soviet attitudes. For years, it was a success story and the vanguard site of the socialism. After the declaration of Lithuanian Independency in 1990, the town became the site of tensions and uncertainties. The aim of this research study is to illuminate how post-Soviet transition has been experienced by this particular type of community shaped by socialism. Community experiences are retrospectively reconstructed via content analysis of the local media. The particular characteristics of the town (ethnic composition, employment structure, etc. made the process of transition extremely complicated. While other planned socialist towns established new identities and new trajectories of development, in the case of Visaginas, not the future, but the past played a crucial role in shaping the town’s identity.

  14. La peine de mort en Yugoslavie socialiste et le conflit des sources normatives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivan Vukovic

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The author analyses a discussion on death penalty that took place in Belgrade, at the end of the socialist era, between Igor Primorac and Ivan Jankovic. Primorac attacked the utilitarian justification of the socialist penal system, though he agreed on different, retributive grounds that death penalty for premeditated murder should be preserved. Jankovic advocated utilitarian ideas and rejected the death penalty as an atavistic aberration. In the first part of the article, their main arguments are presented and their contextual meaning is being explained. In the second part of the article, the author analyses those arguments and concludes that a retributivism has not been the philosophy of death penalty during its history, b that retentionist conclusions do not follow from retributive premises, c that utilitarianism, in spite of its historical connection with abolitionism, can justify death penalty, d that since the problem cannot be resolved on moral grounds alone, it should be resolved on political grounds, and e that political considerations require the abolition of death penalty.

  15. SOCIALIST REALISM IN LITERARY DEPICTIONS OF WAR (THE CASE OF CROATIAN PROSE NARRATIVE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maciej Czerwiński

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available In this article paradigms of socialist realist poetics in prose narrative on World WarTwo are taken into consideration. Some key ideologemes of socialist realism and communist worldview are underlined, such as absence of ambiguity (unequivocalness, simplifi cations, consistent mimeticism (truthful and historically concrete representation of reality, class awareness, militancy and heroism in war. Alongside theoretical and official directives, formulated by dogmatic theoreticians of socijalist realist doctrine (like Jure Franičević-Pločar who based his understandings of literature on the Soviet principles, created by Zhdanov and Stalin, there are given analyses of some literary texts written by Josip Barković, Joža Horvat, Ivo Andrić i Mate Beretin. The author focuses on literary construction of characters – the prototype illegal partisans who ruthlessly struggle against the occupiers as well as chronotopic settings which enable for the action to be set within schematized confl ict of good and evil. Including the new communist man, that is created during the revolution, there are given crucial political orientations concerning the canonized vision of the war, such as the principle of symmetry (meaning that all peoples’ traitors are fascists and the vision of the liberation from fascism as the victory of the communist revolution (in this perspective, communists are depicted as the sole antifascists.

  16. "A Riddle, Wrapped in a Mystery, inside an Enigma": Teaching Post-Socialist Transformation to UK Students in Moscow

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moran, Dominique; Round, John

    2010-01-01

    In the 20 years since the fall of the Berlin Wall, teaching post-socialist transition to undergraduate students has become increasingly challenging. This paper relates the development, planning and operation of a fieldwork module in Moscow, for Year Three geography undergraduates. It argues that "on-street" teaching and imaginative use…

  17. 77 FR 27435 - Certain Frozen Fish Fillets From the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: Final Results of the New...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-10

    ... the Socialist Republic of Vietnam (``Vietnam'').\\1\\ We gave interested parties an opportunity to...&D Memo at Comment I, we have changed our primary surrogate country selection from Indonesia to... or destruction of proprietary information disclosed under the APO, which continues to govern business...

  18. Environmental values in post-socialist Hungary : Is it useful to distinguish egoistic, altruistic and biospheric values?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Groot, Judith. I. M.; Steg, Linda; Keizer, Martijn; Farsang, Andrea; Watt, Alan

    2012-01-01

    In this article the authors examine whether the significance of biospheric values as a separate cluster next to egoistic and altruistic values is mainly a Western European phenomenon or whether biospheric values are also endorsed as a value in its own right in post-socialist Hungary. In two

  19. 77 FR 64483 - Circular Welded Carbon-Quality Steel Pipe from the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: Notice of Final...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-22

    ...-0649, respectively. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Background On June 1, 2012, the Department published in... Pipe from the Socialist Republic of Vietnam;'' ``Verification of the Sales Response of Midwest Air... Steel Joint Stock Company.... Sun Steel Joint Stock 4.57 Company. Huu Lien Asia Corporation........ Huu...

  20. Reading Research in the Socialist Countries. Abridged Papers and Minutes of a Conference (Budapest, Hungary, October 15-18, 1974).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dobrinina, Natalia Y., Ed.; And Others

    These papers on reading research in the socialist countries were delivered at a conference held in Budapest, Hungary, in October of 1974. Included are the text of the introductory address and papers on the following topics: (1) the library and society; (2) the library as it relates to students, teachers, and engineers; (3) the role and…

  1. 76 FR 12939 - Certain Frozen Fish Fillets From the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: Extension of Time Limit for...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-09

    ... DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration [A-552-801] Certain Frozen Fish Fillets... the Preliminary Results of the seventh new shipper reviews of certain frozen fish fillets from the... later than April 14, 2011. \\1\\ See Certain Frozen Fish Fillets From the Socialist Republic of Vietnam...

  2. 75 FR 30374 - Certain Frozen Fish Fillets from the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: Extension of Time Limit for...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-01

    ... DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration [A-552-801] Certain Frozen Fish Fillets.... See Certain Frozen Fish Fillets From the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: Preliminary Results of New.... See Memorandum to the File, from Javier Barrientos, Senior Case Analyst, Certain Frozen Fish Fillets...

  3. 75 FR 20983 - Certain Frozen Fish Fillets from the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: Extension of Time Limit for...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-22

    ... DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration [A-552-801] Certain Frozen Fish Fillets... frozen fish fillets from the Socialist Republic of Vietnam covering the period August 1, 2008, through...''), covering the period August 1, 2008, through July 31, 2009. See Certain Frozen Fish Fillets from the...

  4. 75 FR 12726 - Certain Frozen Fish Fillets from the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: Final Results of the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-17

    ... DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration [A-552-801] Certain Frozen Fish Fillets... two new shipper reviews of the antidumping duty order on certain frozen fish fillets from the... of price or production. See Certain Frozen Fish Fillets From the Socialist Republic of Vietnam...

  5. 75 FR 47771 - Certain Frozen Fish Fillets from the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: Extension of Time Limit for...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-09

    ... DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration [A-552-801] Certain Frozen Fish Fillets... initiation of antidumping duty new shipper reviews for certain frozen fish fillets from the Socialist Republic of Vietnam covering the period August 1, 2009, through February 15, 2010. See Certain Frozen Fish...

  6. Post-socialist agricultural cooperatives in Russia : A case study of top-down cooperatives in the Belgorod region

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    A. Kurakin (Alexander); O. Visser (Oane)

    2017-01-01

    markdownabstractThrough a study of agricultural service cooperatives in Russia’s Belgorod region, this article addresses two gaps in the literature: _first_, the dearth of empirical studies on cooperatives in post-socialist Russia; _second_, the lack of attention to top-down cooperatives in

  7. 75 FR 60074 - Certain Frozen Warmwater Shrimp From the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: Notice of Correction to...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-29

    ... Trade Administration, Department of Commerce. DATES: Effective Date: September 29, 2010. FOR FURTHER... table listing the antidumping duty rates for the companies in the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, several companies were inadvertently omitted. Also, incorrect antidumping duty margins were listed for three of the...

  8. War Remembered, Revolution Forgotten: Recasting the Sino-North Korean Alliance in China’s Post-Socialist Media State

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhao Ma

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available From October 1950 to July 1953, the nascent Chinese state entered into a strategic alliance with North Korea; hundreds of thousands of Chinese soldiers shed blood on the Korean peninsula in defense of the socialist homeland and advancing Communist internationalism. But since the end of the Korean War, China has moved from revolutionary idealism and political radicalism in Mao’s era to the current post-socialist pragmatism and materialism. As the ideological winds shift, China’s contemporary propaganda apparatus must redefine the Korean War in order to reconcile the complexity of the war and wartime alliance with contemporary political concerns and popular views. By focusing on a documentary film, The Unforgettable Victory, produced by China’s leading state-run film studio in 2013, this article explores the ways in which the official media of the post-socialist era presents the past revolutionary war. The new film celebrates the splendid valor of Chinese soldiers, civilians’ heroic sacrifices, and the war’s nationalist legacy; however, it purposefully forgets the revolutionary fervor and internationalist sentiments that once forged the Sino–North Korean alliance and empowered wartime mobilization. This article examines the process of remembering and forgetting, and reveals government propaganda’s latest efforts to demobilize contemporary viewers while infusing the past revolutionary war with ideological clarity and political certainty in post-socialist China.

  9. The National Socialist State in the View of Norbert Frei
    O estado nacional-socialista na ótica de Norbert Frei

    OpenAIRE

    Marco Pais Neves dos Santos

    2012-01-01

    This article has as context World War II, the largest and bloodiest conflict in human history, and is the conception of the National Socialist State produced by Norbert Frei, one of the most influential historians of our time, in his work: The State of Hitler: The national Socialist power from 1933 to 1945. It has as object how Norbert Frei conceives German history between the years of 1933-1945, and his critical eye on the National Socialist State, analysing not only from the standpoint of i...

  10. Socialist and postsocialist land-use legacies determine farm woodland composition and structure

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Plieninger, Tobias; Schaich, H.

    2014-01-01

    and structure of presocialist woodlands. We argue that forest conservation planning should actively consider land-use legacies, which are of particular relevance in the landscapes of Central and Eastern Europe, as these have undergone multiple, abrupt, and severe land-use transitions....... explicit assessment of differences in species richness, diversity, and evenness as well as forest physiognomy and structure among Eastern German farm woodlands established during (1) the presocialist era (until 1945), (2) the socialist era (1945-1990), and (3) the postsocialist era (after 1990). Aerial...... imagery was used to allocate woodlands to one of the three eras, after which a forest inventory of 120 woodlands was performed. The results show substantial differences in forest composition and structure. Presocialist-era woodlands are composed of native (mean 96 %), deciduous (mean 94 %) tree species...

  11. Capital investment of overseas Vietnamese to the economy of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tyabaev Andrey E.

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper explores the vital issues of attracting investment from Vietnamese emigrants of different generations to the economy of the present-day Vietnam. We give the definition of the Vietnamese Diaspora (Viet Kieu and a short overview of emigrant waves. In addition, we explain how leaders of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam have interacted with overseas Vietnamese and their organizations in the field of economy over the years. The paper demonstrates geographic differences existing in this type of investment. Further, we outline the measures taken to encourage the Viet Kieu investment in the country’s economy as well as the success rate of these measures. Finally, we specify the barriers to investing in the national economy of Vietnam for “overseas fellow nationals”.

  12. An important way to build a new socialistic countryside: developing circular economy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ji Kunsen

    2006-01-01

    @@ It was put forward in the Fifth Session of Sixteenth Central Committee of the Party that "it is a great historic mission on the path for China to modernization to construct new socialistic countries",and that "according to the requirements of developing production, ample life, civilized countryside climate, clean countryside, democratic management,urban and rural social and economic development should be unifiedly planned, modern agricultural construction should be promoted, rural reform should be deepened all round, rural public service should be advanced, and peasants' income should be increased by all means." Some time ago Premier Wen Jiabao pointed out that problems about the carrying capacity of resources and environment, for example the decrease of arable land, the lack of freshwater and eco-environmental deterioration, will be tough challenges to agricultural development in China.

  13. Caring for Strangers: Aging, Traditional Medicine, and Collective Self-care in Post-socialist Russia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chudakova, Tatiana

    2017-03-01

    This article explores how aging patients in Russia assemble strategies of care in the face of commercialization of medical services and public health discourses and initiatives aimed at improving the population's lifestyle habits. By focusing on how the formation of pensioner publics intersects with the health-seeking trajectories of elderly patients, it tracks an emerging ethic of collective self-care-a form of therapeutic collectivity that challenges articulations of good health as primarily an extension of personal responsibility or solely as a corollary of access to medical resources. By drawing on traditional medicine, these pensioners rely on and advocate for stranger intimacies that offer tactics for survival in the present through the care of (and for) a shared and embodied post-socialist condition of social, economic, and bodily precarity. © 2016 by the American Anthropological Association.

  14. Silvio Gesell, socialiste proudhonien et réformateur monétaire

    OpenAIRE

    Blanc , Jérôme

    2001-01-01

    National audience; Œuvre postérieure à Proudhon mais reliée à lui, la proposition d'une économie franche et plus spécifiquement d'une monnaie franche par Silvio Gesell, auteur allemand venu sur le tard à l'économie, socialiste proudhonien, décrit par beaucoup comme une sorte de prophète, a jusqu'ici, mais en partie seulement, échappé au destin peu enviable de la plupart des propositions de réforme monétaire qualifiées d'utopiques. Après avoir survolé la vie et l'œuvre de Silvio Gesell, on s'i...

  15. From modernism to socialist realism in four years: Myaskovsky and Asafyev

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frolova-Walker Marina

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Two outstanding personalities of the Soviet musical life in the 1920's, the composer Nikolay Myaskovsky and the musicologist Boris Asafyev, both exponents of modernism, made volte-faces towards traditionalism at the beginning of the next decade. Myaskovsky's Symphony no. 12 (1931 and Asafyev's ballet The Flames of Paris (1932 became models for Socialist Realism in music. The letters exchanged between the two men testify to the formers uneasiness at the great success of those of his works he considered not valuable enough, whereas the latter was quite satisfied with his new career as composer. The examples of Myaskovsky and Asafyev show that early Soviet modernists made their move away from avant-garde creativity well before they faced any real danger from the bureaucracy.

  16. World War II Aerial Bombings of Germany: Fear as Subject of National Socialist Governmental Practices

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Torben Möbius

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper highlights how the National Socialist regime in Germany created the so-called «Selbstschutz» («self protection» in civil air defense as an «apparatus of society» (Michel Foucault to educate the German population with regard to the new possibility of aerial bombing. Mechanisms, functions of emotional control and their relationship to concrete practices of the people involved are shown alongside a local example. Regarding the spread and development of fears, this article maintains that practices of «Selbstschutz» had to bridge the temporal gap between future expectations and actual experiences in crucial ways. Before the war, «Selbstschutz» followed its own logic of expectation of danger and risk, as exemplified in aerial-defense simulation exercises, which clashed with the reality of bombs falling on German cities later on.

  17. Crafting socialist embryology: dialectics, aquaculture and the diverging discipline in Maoist China, 1950-1965.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiang, Lijing

    2017-11-07

    In the 1950s, embryology in socialist China underwent a series of changes that adjusted the disciplinary apparatus to suit socialism and the national goal of self-reliance. As the Communist state called on scientists to learn from the Soviets, embryologists' comprehensive view on heredity, which did not contradict Trofim Lysenko (1898-1976)'s doctrines, provided a space for them to advance their discipline. Leading scientists, often trained abroad in the tradition of experimental embryology, rode on the tides of Maoist ideology and repositioned their research. Some of their creative realignment of previous research questions, materials, and traditions to Marxist philosophy and agricultural objectives generated productive programs. In particular, Tong Dizhou (1902-1979) translated Engels's dialectics of nature into a research question about cytoplasmic inheritance. His continuing investigation on it led to the first goldfish "clone" through a nuclear transplantation experiment; Zhu Xi and his associates transferred a goldfish model in embryology into studies on improving carp aquaculture, leading to a rare success in the Great Leap Forward of 1958. These directions for embryology continued well into the 1960s. At a time when global embryology was diversifying and began to be molecularized, eventually forming "developmental biology," socialist embryology took shape in China with a different set of epistemic and practical commitments. The history of its development challenges and enriches our understanding of the concrete process of change in one discipline under Mao, showing ways in which scientists creatively adapted state-sanctioned ideologies and visions to do productive work outside the framework of molecular biology during the Cold War.

  18. Protocol between the Russian Federation and the International Atomic Energy Agency Additional to the Agreement between the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and the International Atomic Energy Agency for the Application of Safeguards in the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2008-01-01

    The text of the Protocol between the Russian Federation and the International Atomic Energy Agency Additional to the Agreement between the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and the International Atomic Energy Agency for the Application of Safeguards in the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics is reproduced in this document for the information of all Members. The Board of Governors approved the Protocol on 21 March 2000. It was signed on 22 March 2000 in Vienna. Pursuant to Article 11 of the Additional Protocol, the Protocol entered into force on 16 October 2007, the date on which the Agency received from the Russian Federation written notification that the procedures of the Russian Federation required for entry into force had been met

  19. Protocol between the Russian Federation and the International Atomic Energy Agency Additional to the Agreement between the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and the International Atomic Energy Agency for the Application of Safeguards in the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2008-01-01

    The text of the Protocol between the Russian Federation and the International Atomic Energy Agency Additional to the Agreement between the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and the International Atomic Energy Agency for the Application of Safeguards in the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics is reproduced in this document for the information of all Members. The Board of Governors approved the Protocol on 21 March 2000. It was signed on 22 March 2000 in Vienna. Pursuant to Article 11 of the Additional Protocol, the Protocol entered into force on 16 October 2007, the date on which the Agency received from the Russian Federation written notification that the procedures of the Russian Federation required for entry into force had been met [es

  20. Grafica de carte din RSS Moldovenească în perioada de instaurare a realismului socialist (1940–1953

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Victoria Rocaciuc

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Initially, the publishing processes in the MASSR and Bessarabia of the interwar period developed completely differently in the aesthetic and ideological scope. Their unification is observed after 1940. In the art of book graphics of the Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic, the transition to socialist realism was characterized by documentation and the domination of illustration characteristics, accumulation of professional skills, formation of creative manners and the author’s styles of illustrators. Evgheni Merega was among the first graphic artists involved in these processes who cooperated with: Tiraspol State Printing House, the State Publishing House (Chisinau, „Shkoala sovetica” and „Uchpedgiz”. Boris Nesvedov and Valentina Neceaev started in the interwar period. In the period 1940–1953, Leonid Grigoraşenco, Ilia Bogdesco, Boris Şirocorad, Iacob Averbuh, Ioachim Postolachi, Aleksandr Neforosov etc. made a name for themselves in the field of book graphics.

  1. East German Journalists and the Wende: A history of the collapse and transformation of socialist journalism in Germany

    OpenAIRE

    Guzman, Morgan Morille Schupbach

    2015-01-01

    This dissertation utilizes archival sources and interviews to examine the transformation of the journalism profession in East Germany from the collapse of the German Democratic Republic (GDR) through the unification of the two German states. During this period of dramatic political and social upheaval, East German journalists navigated the divide between socialist journalism of the GDR and democratic journalism of the Federal Republic. By embedding the history of this professional transformat...

  2. Women in socialist culture (1848-1939 | Mujer y socialismo (1848-1939

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosa María Capel Martínez

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available 1848 saw the appearance of two texts which were destined to become the theoretical and practical programmes of two important social movements: the workers’ movement and feminism. Both were born with the common aim of constructing a more just and egalitarian society. Both assumed the task of liberating women from the state of absolute subservience to men in which the liberal society had placed them. Nonetheless, the standpoint from which this mission was approached made them differ substantially in the form of analysis and in the means of achieving the goals. This article examines the evolution of the technical discourse of socialism on the so-called «female question» from its birth until the first third of the twentieth century, and also considers the change of strategy implied by the creation of discussion forums such as the Women’s Socialist International (1907 or the Women’s Socialist Groups, constituted in Spain from 1904 onwards and whose activity was cut short by the outbreak of the Civil War. | En 1848, aparecían dos textos llamados a convertirse en los programas teóricos y prácticos de dos importantes movimientos sociales: obrerismo y feminismo. Ambos nacían con el objetivo común de construir una sociedad más justa e igualitaria. Ambos asumían la tarea de liberar a las mujeres del estado de absoluta sumisión al hombre en que la sociedad liberal las había colocado. Sin embargo, la perspectiva desde la que abordaban esta misión les hacía diferir sustancialmente en la forma de analizarla y en los medios para llevarla a cabo. El presente trabajo se adentra en la evolución del discurso teórico del socialismo sobre la llamada «cuestión femenina» desde su nacimiento hasta el primer tercio del siglo XX, así como en la consideración del cambio de estrategia que supone la creación de foros de debate propios, como la Internacional Socialista de Mujeres (1907 o los Grupos Femeninos Socialistas, constituidos en España a

  3. DO POST-SOCIALIST URBAN AREAS MAINTAIN THEIR SUSTAINABLE COMPACT FORM? ROMANIAN URBAN AREAS AS CASE STUDY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simona Raluca GRĂDINARU

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The compact city is regarded as an important concept in promoting sustainable development, especially within the European Union. The socialist urban planning system maintained a high compactness of the urban areas through almost exclusive predominance of the public sector in housing provision, and ideological nature of the planning strategies. After the 1990’s, the administrative decentralization allowed local authorities to adopt particular urban development strategies. However, development was directly influenced by the importance of the urban administrative centre. The aim of the paper is to determine if post-socialist urban areas maintained their compact urban form or they encountered different evolution trajectories. We determined the type of changes by calculating urban form indicators at two time moments: 1990 and 2006. Furthermore, the two-way repeated-measurement ANOVA was used to identify significant changes, and to assess the effect of the development level of the urban area on the variance of form indicators. The results show that Romanian post-socialist urban areas either shifted from the compact form, "inherited" after the collapse of socialism, to more dispersed patterns, either expanded in a compact manner. Moreover, as development level got higher, urban areas were more likely to be affected by suburbanization and periurbanization. In order to respond to these challenges, new instruments such as setting of metropolitan areas or spatial framework plans could be used. Furthermore, planning should be adapted to local circumstances and to the different development trajectories of big and mid-sized urban areas.

  4. National narration and Politics of Memory in post-socialist Georgia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dundua Salome

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available The article is dedicated to analyse the politics of so called “historical memory” during the state-building and nation-building process in post-socialist Georgia After the Rose Revolution 2003, the new government that aimed at building the “new Georgia,” implementing radical changes in many key spheres, including institutions, readdressing the totalitarian past, faced number of problematic manifestations in political and cultural life in this post-Soviet country. The “politics of memory” became one of the key factors of reconstructing of “new, democratic, western Georgia”. This process can be evaluated as leading toward state nationalism. Analyzing the politics of memory, symbolism is the most notable attitude and that is why former President Mikheil Saakashvili used commemorative ceremonies continuously. The authors argue in favour of approach, that the so called “memory politics” is the integral part of one’s legitimacy building, but at the same time, it can be used as tool for reconsidering of Polity’s future and mobilization of population under the “citizenship” umbrella towards the strong loyalty to the actual and future state-building.

  5. Trumpeting through the iron curtain: The breakthrough of jazz in socialist Yugoslavia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vučetić Radina

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available During the Cold War, jazz became a powerful propaganda weapon in the battle for “hearts and minds”. As early as the 1950s, the American administration began its Cold War “jazz campaign”, by broadcasting the popular jazz radio show Music USA over the Voice of America, and by sending its top jazz artists on world tours. In this specific cultural Cold War, Yugoslavia was, as in its overall politics, in a specific position between the East and the West. The postwar period in Yugoslavia, following the establishment of the new (socialist government, was characterized by strong resistance towards jazz as “decadent” music, until 1948 when “no” to Stalin became “yes” to jazz. From the 1950s, jazz entered Yugoslav institutions and media, and during the following two decades, completely conquered the radio, TV, and record industry, as well as the manifestations such as the Youth Day. On account of the openness of the regime during the 1950s and 1960s, Yugoslavia was frequently visited by the greatest jazz stars, such as Dizzy Gillespie, Louis Armstrong and Ella Fitzgerald. In the context of the Cold War, the promotion of jazz in Yugoslavia proved to be beneficial for both sides - by exporting jazz, America also exported its freedom, culture and system of values, while Yugoslavia showed the West to what extent its political system was open and liberal, at least concerning this type of music.

  6. [National socialist violent measures against psychiatric patients: ways of coping by family members].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Delius, P

    1991-03-01

    In the cause of an historical study dealing with the closing of an ancient psychiatric hospital in Luebeck during the 2nd world war the infrafamilial structures of the deported patients were explored. Among 136 clinical reports 42 cases were found in which families succeeded to get into contact with deported patients, in three cases their efforts to have them discharged were successful. Stress was laid on the exploration of 12 relatives of deported or murdered psychiatric patients. The interviews were structured following the "oral history" concept and psychological interpretation was added. Focussing on infrafamiliar coping processes which were developed facing the NS-propaganda it was found that working-class people tended to see the victim in an idealized role. They showed a strong projective defence remembering Psychiatry as an integral part of nazi-system. Others saw their relatives as victims of war in general. Some of the relatives tried to repress the existence of surviving patients for a long time, a smaller group clinged to the idea of Euthanasia. Remarkable were the deep effects of eugenic nazi-propaganda on the following generation. The national socialistic violence concerning their fathers or mothers was often a total "tabu" and they nowadays still fear to get into contact with Psychiatry being aware of "suffering" from the same "bad blood" as their murdered relatives. Dealing with patients' resistance to therapeutic efforts in gerontopsychiatric wards their heritage of the nazi ear should be taken into account.

  7. THE SOCIALIST YOUTH UNION (1957–1976 – POLISH COUNTERPART OF KOMSOMOL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joanna Sadowska

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available The political system of the Polish People’s Republic was modelled on the Soviet one. Polish youth organizations had the ambitions of being counterparts of Komsomol: they adopted similar work methods and tried to play a similar role in the country. The obvious differences resulted from the specificity of each country and the differences in the societies. The most deeply rooted in the memory of Poles is the Socialist Youth Union, which, being the most stable, existed for almost 20 years with nearly 1.3 million members in the early 1970s. The Union was closely connected with the Polish United Workers’ Party and it had to accomplish two main kinds of political task: to select and prepare future members of the Party, both ordinary and those in the managerial positions, and to educate the whole young generation. The Party indeed treated the organization as its agency, an office dealing with the affairs of youths. However, non-political activity of the Union (culture, entertainment, tourism, etc. was much more effective and evaluated more positively. Actually, there was much more falsehood in the Union: many members were almost completely passive and the work was often only simulated.

  8. Adult Civic Education in Former Socialist Countries in the Transition Period

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zoran Jelenc

    1995-12-01

    Full Text Available In the period of transition former European socialist countries demonstrate a great number of contradictions resulting from specific social circumstances. The latter exert a crucial impact on educational opportunities for adults. Thus, in most of the examined countries adult education is undergoing an important crisis. Civic education and non-formal education, however, can contribute considerably towards overcoming the typical traits of this transitional period, especially its societal and psychological phenomena. In these countries has been recorded a huge need for civic education on one band, while on the other hand, the demand for it is relatively small. Moreover, civic education gets little or no societal support. Also, due to relatively negative experiences from the past period when it was compulsory for people to participate in civic education (termed sociopolitical education, and due to the fact that it was ideologically and politically directed, people are averse and resistant to any kind of education reminding them of the former socio-political one. Therefore, as a rule, they do not participate in it. The important role of adult education and andragogy is therefore to find a way out from this situation and to motivate people in view to get them actively involved in civic education. In our contribution we are dealing with some possibilities for that, using here our own research findings ('State of the Art' Study of Research on the Education of Adults.

  9. Politics of Ethno-Nationalism: a Post-Colonial and Post-Socialist Schema

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ANTON L. ALLAHAR

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available The present paper aims to propose a schema for analysing the contemporary politics of national and ethnic identity in post-colonial and post-socialist states. To this end it will seek: (a to provide a comprehensive operational definition of nationalism, (b to qualify that definition by the addition of the adjective ‘ethnic,' (c to assess the extent to which the concept ‘ethnic nationalism' can help us to understand some of the politics of ethnicity and national identity in a post-independence setting, and (d to problematize the notion of ‘false consciousness' in ethno-national political appeals. My argument will be situated within the broad theoretical framework of a non-reductionist, neo-Marxist class analysis, for it is my conviction that ethno-national consciousness and politics are better understood if we are able to trace the concrete class interests and motives of their promoters. In other words, whether as sentiment or as movement, nationalism cannot be divorced from the class interests of its leading promoters. But one must be cautious when absolutizing the class claim, for in the specific case of ethnic nationalism, for example, Robin Williams has noted that "to dismiss ethnicity as false consciousness ignores the clear evidence that ethnies often sacrifice economic interests in favour of symbolic gains" (1994:64-65, and even beyond this, as Ronaldo Munck reminds us, "nationalism matters because people die for it" (1986:2..

  10. When love meets drugs: pharmaceuticalizing ambivalence in post-socialist China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ma, Zhiying

    2012-03-01

    In this article, I examine the interaction between intimacy and psychiatry to explore the ambivalences in the use of pharmaceuticals in psychiatric practice. Of particular interest is how pharmaceuticals come to constitute in multiple ways what pathology is and what form of life needs to be restored, and how psychiatric medications reconfigure the ambivalence of intimacy in post-socialist China. Following the life of Mei, a female psychiatric patient, for two years, I have made a series of discoveries related to medicine and intimacy in China. Specifically, I show that psychopharmaceuticals indicate a diseased body that threatens the intimate bond. They also highlight a socially suffering subject that is in lack of love from the intimate partner who demands the latter's redemption. I discuss how these multiple and contradicting meanings of psychopharmaceuticals and intimacy are socio-historically situated. Thus, while previous research in medical anthropology criticizes pharmaceuticalization for reducing the socio-political life (bios) to a biological body (zoē), I argue that these life forms co-exist in a pharmaceutical "zone of indistinction" (Agamben, Homo Sacer: Sovereign Power and Bare Life. Stanford University Press, Stanford, 1998), in which they constitute and contradict each other. This discussion warns researchers against falling back into the usual orientation of either biomedicine or the social sciences.

  11. The uses and abuses of participatory ideologies in the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vranješ Aleksandar

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available After the formation of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (SFRY, the Communist Party of Yugoslavia (CPY has organized large work and youth actions aimed at rebuilding the country after the Second World War. The main hypothesis of this paper is that in Yugoslavia there was no participation in the true sense, but that there were mechanisms which represented the ideology of participation. Work actions had huge impact on rebuilding the land, but they were not voluntary - which is a basic requirement of modern theory of participation. Likewise, the term participation is further explained in this paper, in order to further explain the thesis of formal participation in the former Yugoslavia. Student protests in 1968 were not an isolated case of revolt against the system, the basic characteristics of popular revolt that had its roots back in the early sixties. The aim of this paper is theoretical analysis of the theory of participation and the basic characteristics of Yugoslavia, in order to show that the participation of the people in the exercise of power was just an illusion, ie. formal. Case Study about films of the sixties and seventies in Yugoslavia illustrates the processes of censorship and imposition of ideology of participation.

  12. A cultural trauma: Outcomes of the system change in post-socialist Poland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kabzinska Iwona

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper discusses the outcomes of the system change in post-socialist Poland. The author discusses various important and inter-related issues in the Polish societal sphere: shock therapy accompanied by the changes since the 1990's, unemployment, uncontrolled privatization, cultural trauma and cultural plaint. Theoretically, the paper belongs to anthropology of transformation, and it is based on sociological literature for the most part. The paper also discusses 'societal diagnosis', its creators, crisis in confidence as a consequence of social and cultural traumas, the weakness of political elite and criteria used to measure poverty levels. Lately, there has been a change in mythical representation about easy life in Poland related to the state' affiliation with EU. The change includes a lack of global crisis influence, resistance of the Polish society toward media influence, a rise in optimism and decrease of cultural plaint. Is this change in attitude due to cyclical alteration between phases of depression and euphoria? What will happen if depression returns? Did the Polish handle the trauma of transformation exceptionally well? Possible answers to these and other relevant questions are sought by the author in this paper, who uses, as additional sources for research, a world of local communities and individual accounts.

  13. Using Natural Sciences for Cultural Expansion: The National Socialist Agenda for the Balkans

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Zarifi

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available This article highlights the political merit natural sciences were awarded under the totalitarian regime of Nazi Germany and their propagandistic role in Hitler's foreign policy agenda for the Balkans, a region which was expected to replace Germany's colonies lost in World War I. It accounts further for the policies and strategies National Socialists used to exert cultural influence on the countries of South-East Europe, namely through a number of institutions with which natural sciences were in one way or another involved in order to promote German culture abroad. The promotion of the German language and, to a certain degree, the Nazi ideology was a precondition for familiarising the Balkan countries with German scientific achievements, which would pave the way for an economic and political infiltration in that region. Therefore, natural sciences, as part of the German intellect, acquired political and economic connotations hidden behind the euphemistic term of cultural policy, designed for this region of geopolitical importance. The article is based almost exclusively on unpublished German records.

  14. EFICIENȚA APLICĂRII STANDARDELOR INTERNAȚIONALE DE RAPORTARE FINANCIARĂ (IFRS ÎN REPUBLICA MOLDOVA, ÎN CONDIȚIILE ACTUALE ALE ECONOMIEI DE PIAȚĂ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Svetlana MIHAILA

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available În acest articol autorii își propun să furnizeze informații privind aplicabilitatea Standardelor Internaționale de Raportare Financiară (International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS în Republica Moldova, având în vedere condițiile actuale ale economiei de piață. Mesajul acestui articol este definit de prezentarea unor situații, prin care se observă avantajele potențiale privind implementarea IFRS, privită din punctul de vedere al necesității. Totodată, sunt relatate și unele lacune posibile, în urma aplicării standardelor internaționale, ce s-ar referi la complicitate, costuri și concoradanță a informației.THE EFFICIENCY OF INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL REPORTING STANDARDS APPLICATION IN REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA IN THE CURRENT MARKET ECONOMY CONDITIONSIn this article the authors aim to provide information regarding the International Financial Reporting Standards inRepublicofMoldova, taking into account the current market economy conditions. The message of this article is to present some situations, by which can be noted the potential advantages on implementing IFRS, looking in terms of necessity. Also, are reported the possible gaps, after applying international standards, that would mean complicity, costs, and consistency of information. 

  15. Mentality of nuclear energy and industry experts from post-socialist and post-capitalist countries and a problem of cooperation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gavrilov, S.D.; Kremnev, V.A.

    1996-01-01

    The disintegration of the Socialist Community and thereafter Yugoslavia, the Soviet Union and Czechoslovakia has led to the establishment of more than 20 post-socialist states. Their economies differ widely, and yet a mentality of the overwhelming majority of various strata of the population, including scientists and engineers, is almost invariable so far. The processes have had an effect on the mentality of nuclear experts, especially those who deal with nuclear weapon. The superposition of general crises of post-socialist countries and an availability of nuclear facilities and installations and nuclear technologies have already had an adverse effect on the specialists' mentality. On the other hand, experts from the post-capitalist countries have other mentalities and their socioeconomic position is cardinally distinguished. Thus, at most they may barely perceive the post-socialist specialists' envelope of mentality. It doesn't only prevent individuals' collaboration and organizations' cooperation by the lack of socio-culture-psychological misunderstanding,. In some instances it has already resulted in the interruption or cancellation of joint projects at the early stages of their implementation. The report is devoted to the problem of mutually beneficial interaction between experts and organizations from recently antagonistic systems, promoting better understanding, and a different rank specialists mentality convergence. The mentality and economic situation for experts from both the post-socialist countries and the Western industrial economies are discussed

  16. [The development of neurotoxic agents as chemical weapons during the National Socialist period in Germany].

    Science.gov (United States)

    López-Muñoz, F; Alamo, C; Guerra, J A; García-García, P

    The discovery and development of the so-called 'nerve agents' (neurotoxic substances to be used as weapons) took place in the Third Reich, largely thanks to the vast amount of progress being made in pharmacology in Germany at that time, both in academic and industrial terms. Furthermore, successive National Socialist governments set up a collaborative network made up of the academia, the chemical industry and military chiefs that also favoured this line of research. The first neurotoxic substance to be incorporated into the category of 'chemical warfare agent' did so almost wholly by chance. As part of the work being carried out on organophosphate-type pesticides and insecticides, Gerald Schrader, a chemist at the I.G. Farben company, synthesised tabun (ethyl N,N-dimethylphosphoramidocyanidate) and an incident involving accidental contamination of laboratory staff with this substance highlighted its potential toxicity. The same group of researchers later synthesised another substance with the same properties, sarin (isopropyl methylphosphonofluoridate). Both agents were studied for use as chemical weapons by Wolfgang Wirth. At the same time, a group led by Richard Kuhn, who won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1938, synthesised pinacolyl methylphosphonofluoridate, otherwise known as soman. Pharmacological studies confirmed that the neurotoxic mechanism of action of these substances was the irreversible inhibition of the enzyme acetylcholinesterase, which is responsible for metabolising acetylcholine. Results also showed that an excess of this neurotransmitter led to a continuous over-stimulation of the cholinergic (nicotinic and muscarinic) receptors, which is what triggers the appearance of the wide range of symptoms of poisoning and their swift fatal effect.

  17. CONSERVATISM IN A POAST-SOCIALIST COUNTRY: THE INTELLECTUAL ELITE AND THE EXTREME RIGHT IN ROMANIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valentin Quintus NICOLESCU

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available My paper focuses on the sensitive point of intersection between the far-right orthodox autochthonous conservative school of thought and the pluralist, European center-right Popular ideology in the case of the contemporary Romanian conservative intellectual elite. How this tension does shape the conservative discourse in contemporary Romania? This issue becomes especially relevant within the particular post-socialist political and ideological context of Romania. In the years following the 1989 Revolution, the Romanian the dominant discourse of the anticommunist intellectuals turned towards the right. Major figures, like Andrei Pleşu and Gabriel Liiceanu inspired an ideological turn towards an autochthonous conservative school of thought that originated in the 19th century and which reached a peak during the interwar period with the nationalist ideological strand that, amongst other things, inspired the far-right Legionar Movement. During that period a particular name comes to attention, that of Constantin Noica. Persecuted by the communist authorities, he managed to organize a small group of philosophers that will later be known as “the Păltiniş School”. Amongst the young people recruited were the above mentioned Pleşu and Liiceanu. After 1989 they embarked in a series of various projects that encouraged the emergence of a strong group of young right-wing orthodox conservative intellectuals currently associated with the Christian-democrat strand within the Romanian Popular movement. In order to reach my research goal, I will analyze the contemporary Romanian conservative discourse, mainly relying on published texts, interviews and opinion pieces of the most representative intellectuals of this ideological strand.

  18. Buildings from the Socialist Past as part of a City’s Brand Identity: The case of Warsaw

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ochkovskaya Marina

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to investigate those buildings left over from Warsaw’s socialist past as a part of the city’s brand visual identity including their perception by foreign tourists and local citizens. Although Lisiak (2009 examined the destruction, removal and presence of these remnants from the socialist past in Central European cities, a comparative study of the perception of these architectural sites erected in Warsaw during socialist times has not been carried out specifically so far. To fill the gap, the authors concentrated research efforts on the following buildings: Palace of Culture and Science; the SMYK Store at Bracka 15/19; Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development at Wspólna 30; Office Building and Atrium at Wspólna 62; and the former headquarters of the Polish Communist Party at Nowy Świat 6/12. These buildings were built after the Second World War between the late 1940s and the first half of the 1950s. With the exception of the Palace of Culture and Science - which is one of the most notable symbols of Warsaw - these architectural sites are not on a priority list of the average tourist who does little or no planning for their trip. Nevertheless, these buildings are connected to the Polish People’s Republic era and might attract different groups interested in this historical period and architecture. Apart from being potential tourist attractions, these buildings are being re-evaluated and restored to become integrated into the urban environment and more ‘comfortable’ for the local inhabitants. This paper gives some insights into the recognition and attractiveness of these architectural sites from the socialist past by those from Russia and the USA who have visited Warsaw as well as by Poles who know this city well. It is recommended that these results be taken into consideration by tourist agencies who deal with tours in Warsaw as well as institutions responsible for the city’s image. The authors express

  19. Phenomenon of becoming of Dnepropetrovsk as a «socialistic city» in 1920-1930: conceptual measuring and real practice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. V. Ivanenko

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available This is a study of theory, method and concept of «socialist-type city» as a unique phenomenon of Stalin’s epoch history and culture, as well as the theory of city planning legislation in the works of 1920­1930s’ scholars alongside with the polemics about restoring existing cities or building the new ‘Soviet’ kind due to «socialist pattern» is also viewed. This practical research of ‘Socialist construction’ concept at the example of Dnepropetrovsk, where massive socio­economic, urban and cultural programs were being implemented on the background of force industrialization also deals with developing inner city layout, transforming it’s architecture and space, it’s qualities and numeric values as to population and infrastructure developments are grasped, the influence on Dnepropetrovsk public minds by ideology propaganda is observed.

  20. "Er zog sich die 'neue Sprache' des 'Dritten Reiches' über wie ein Kleidungsstück": Communities of Practice and Performativity in National Socialist Discourse

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Horan, Geraldine

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to provide new insights into the characteristics and use of National Socialist discourse. It discusses the methodological problems underlying the analysis of the topic and shows how previous research has resulted in a falsely polarised portrayal of the discourse and its creators and recipients. Applying the concepts of the 'community of practice' and 'performativity', taken from the study of language and gender, the article argues that discourse was not created by National Socialist ideologues and imposed upon the population, but instead was co-created and shaped by members of formal and informal groupings (communities of practice. Participation in these communities of practice enabled or coerced individuals to 'perform' their National Socialist identity to varying degrees and resulted in a discourse which was stylistically and communicatively adaptable and malleable.

  1. What Will An Integrated Socialist World Look Like? Brief comments on Warren Wagar ' s article: "Toward a Praxisof a World Integration"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria A. Pozas

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available World integration under a single state is foreseen by world -system theorists as the only means to save the world from destruction and chaos. The exhaustion of capitalism will lead, in their view, to the substitution of the current system of competing sovereign states by a democratic,liberal and socialist commonwealth. In his article Warren Wagar discusses who will lead this transition, and indirectly suggests that a world system party similar to that of his novel A Short History of the Future (1992 may be the most feasible way to guarantee the socialist character of the new world state.

  2. Attractiveness for Younger Generation of Ostrava - Jih Housing Area Developed in Socialist Era: Through Interviews with the Inhabitants (Ostrava-City, Czech Republic)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tanaka, Yuno; Kanki, Kiyoko

    2017-10-01

    Ostrava city had developed as an industrial city in socialist era but now faces to deindustrialization. Ostrava-Jih is one of the housing areas developed in the socialist era. In this paper, the attractiveness of Ostrava-Jih for younger generation was showed by interview with inhabitants. As a result, the accessibility to nature around the housing estate, commercial facilities and public facilities, reasonable rent and housing price were evaluated. Besides, the inhabitants have done some activities for making their neighbourhoods more attractive.

  3. Buddhist Contribution to the Socialist Transformation of Buddhism in China: Activities of Ven. Juzan during 1949–1953

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xue Yu

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines the role played by Chinese Buddhists, especially the so-called "progressive Buddhists," in the socialist transformation of the sangha at the early stage of the People’s Republic of China (PRC. I concentrate on the case of Ven. Juzan (1908–1984. While the focus on one individual does not reveal the whole story about Chinese Buddhists’ involvement in the Chinese Communist Party’s project of reshaping the sangha, the career of Juzan does provide a window on the issue. By exploring various sources, including Modern Buddhist Studies (Xiandai foxue and government documents, I investigate how Juzan urged his fellow Buddhists to work with the Communist leadership, and how he justified government policies on Buddhism by reinterpreting Buddhist doctrines. In so doing, this study intends to show that Chinese Buddhists’ collaboration with the Communist regime was a significant dimension of the socialist transformation of the Chinese sangha, a process that laid the foundation for full-scale persecution of Buddhism during the Cultural Revolution (1966–1976.

  4. THE SOCIAL POSITION AS AN IMPORTANT DIMENSION OF ENGINEERS' QUALITY OF LIFE IN THE SOCIETY OF POST-SOCIALIST TRANSFORMATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Smiljana Mirkov

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Quality of life may be analyzed from different perspectives. In compliance with that, it may be assumed that the social position of the profession has significant impact on quality of life. The paper presents the analysis of the research which aim was to examine the three dimensions of the social position of the engineering profession in the society of post-socialist transformation: material status, social power, and social reputation. We compared the results of the current study with the results of the research that we had conducted in the period when socialist relations still exist in organizations. Moreover, we studied how the engineers perceive these three aspects of the social position of their profession. The first research was conducted in 1998 and the second in 2015. 200 engineers were questioned in 146 companies. The results indicate that the dimensions of social position, such as the material standard and the social influence of engineers in Serbia today are a little more favorable than they used to be at the end of the 90s. Finally, a majority of the engineers from our research believe that their expectations regarding the engineering profession have not been fulfilled and in future, their quality of life may be enhanced in terms of social importance and recognition.

  5. Denying Difference to the Post-Socialist Other: Bernhard Heisig and the Changing Reception of an East German Artist

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    April A. Eisman

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available This article traces the reception of East German artist Bernhard Heisig’s life and art—first in East Germany and then in the Federal Republic of Germany before and after the Wall. Drawing on post-colonial and post-socialist scholarship, it argues that Heisig’s reception exemplifies a western tendency to deny cultural and ideological difference in what the post-socialist scholar Piotr Piotrowski calls the “close Other.” This denial of difference to artists from the eastern bloc has shaped western understandings of Heisig’s life and art since reunification. Once perceived as an intellectually engaged, political artist, both in East and West Germany, after the fall of the Wall and German unification, Heisig was reinterpreted as a traumatized victim of two dictatorships, distorting not only our understanding of the artist and his work, but also of the nature of art and the role of the artist in East Germany.

  6. 探析和谐视阈下的社会主义价值观%From the Perspective of Harmonious Socialist Values

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    江忠; 王道文

    2013-01-01

    随着社会主义市场经济不断发展,社会各领域都发生了深刻变化,从世界观、人生观和价值观到人们日常生活方式、人际交往方式、消费理念等都产生了巨大变化。因此,我国社会主义核心价值体系建设必须加快步伐,这样才能有效缓解社会主义价值观矛盾。本文主要探讨和谐视阈下的社会主义价值观构建途径。%With the continuous development of the socialist market economy,all sectors of the society has un-dergone profound changes,from the world outlook,outlook on life and values to have a great change in people daily life style,style,interpersonal consumption concept.Therefore,we must speed up the pace of the construction of the socialist core value system in our country,so as to effectively ease the contradiction of the socialist values.This paper mainly discusses the harmonious socialist value under the construction way.

  7. Introduction of External, Independent Testing in "New Countries": Successes and Defeats of the Introduction of Modern Educational Assessment Techniques in Former Soviet and Socialist Countries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bakker, Steven

    2012-01-01

    A particular trait of the educational system under socialist reign was accountability at the input side--appropriate facilities, centrally decided curriculum, approved text-books, and uniformly trained teachers--but no control on the output. It was simply assumed that it met the agreed standards, which was, in turn, proven by the statistics…

  8. Třída, národ a degenerovaná rasa podle českých socialistů (1890-1914)

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Strobach, Vít

    2012-01-01

    Roč. 18, č. 2 (2012), s. 99-119 ISSN 1211-0353 R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GPP410/12/P671 Institutional support: RVO:67985921 Keywords : Czech socialist movement * race * nation Subject RIV: AB - History

  9. Understanding low fertility in Poland: Demographic consequences of gendered discrimination in employment and post-socialist neoliberal restructuring

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joanna Z. Mishtal

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available After the state socialist regime of Poland collapsed in 1989, the nation's total fertility rate plummeted from 2.1 to 1.27 by 2007. Simultaneously, Poland severely reduced social service provisions and restricted access to family planning. A three-month mixed-methods research study was conducted in 2007 in Gdansk to investigate Polish women's reproductive intentions and decision making. These data reveal that discriminatory practices by employers against pregnant women and women with small children are decisive in women's decisions to postpone or forego childbearing. The case of Poland demonstrates the urgent need to redress fundamental gendered discrimination in employment before work-family reconciliation policies can be effective.

  10. International exhibitions as an instrument of domestic cultural policy: how Baroque art came to be honoured in socialist Czechoslovakia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michaela Marek

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available At the end of the 1960s the artistic tradition of the Baroque period in Bohemia had gained new acceptance and the established schema for interpreting its history had been revised. This essay asks how it came to this turn. It therefore pursues, on the one hand, the sequence of events in its most important stages and, on the other hand, sketches the gradual reinterpretation of Baroque art as ‘popular’ cultural legacy or at least one compatible with the State’s postulated self-image as a ‘society of the people’. It is argued that this approach to Baroque art derived from a synergy of deliberate strategies of cultural policy and discursive adaptations. The study, moreover, presents a case study for how largely scholarly conceptions and models of interpretation can be dependent on extra-scholarly circumstances and interests – which should by no means be regarded as specific to socialist or communist regimes.

  11. Universal patterns or the tale of two systems? Mathematics achievement and educational expectations in post-socialist Europe.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bodovski, Katerina; Kotok, Stephen; Henck, Adrienne

    2014-09-01

    Although communist ideology claimed to destroy former class stratification based on labor market capitalist relationships, de facto during socialism one social class hierarchy was substituted for another that was equally unequal. The economic transition during the 1990s increased stratification by wealth, which affected educational inequality. This study examines the relationships among parental education, gender, educational expectations, and mathematics achievement of youths in five post-socialist Eastern European countries, comparing them with three Western countries. We employed the 8 th -grade data from the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) 1995 and 2007. The findings point to the universal associations between parental education and student outcomes, whereas gender comparisons present interesting East-West differences. The theoretical and policy implications of these findings are discussed.

  12. Planning ideology and geographic thought in the early twentieth century: Charles Whitnall's progressive era park designs for socialist Milwaukee.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Platt, Lorne A

    2010-01-01

    As Milwaukee’s chief park planner in the early to mid-twentieth century, Charles Whitnall responded to the various underlying ideologies of the period within which he worked. His preference for parks was a political and physical response to and remedy for the industrialized and heavily congested city he called home. By examining the Progressive Era discourse associated with planning, this article situates Whitnall’s work within the political, aesthetic, and environmental contexts of geographic thought that influenced his plans for Milwaukee. In promoting a physical awareness associated with the natural features of the region and responding to the sociopolitical framework of contemporaries such as Ebenezer Howard, Whitnall incorporated a sense of compassion within his planning. He responded to the preexisting beer gardens of Pabst and Schlitz, as well as Olmsted-designed park spaces, by advocating for decentralization as part of a broader socialist agenda that had swept through Milwaukee during the early 1900s.

  13. Kennan and the Neglected Variable in Post-Socialist Societies: The Loss of Honest Dialogue and the Need for Empathy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tešan Jesenko

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyzes the symbolism of George Kennan’s famous “X” article relative to the challenges of contemporary post-socialist and post-conflict transitions. It unpacks recent developments in the field of contemporary political discourse, discussing the critical application of practices such as thinking with your heart, parrhesis, and pathos, as well as Kennan’s suggestion of the significance of uncertainty and reflection for global relations. The central question is: What would Kennan write in an X Article to the societies and states in transition? While various definitions of the term “parrhesis” exist, this paper employs both the definition suggested by Michel Foucault who understood it as “fearless speech” and Eric Voegelin who closely follows Plato’s meaning linking it with “heart”, i.e. vision of the spiritual, an existential (disorder of representatives of a society.

  14. Of mice and men: evolution and the socialist utopia. William Morris, H.G. Wells, and George Bernard Shaw.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hale, Piers J

    2010-01-01

    During the British socialist revival of the 1880s competing theories of evolution were central to disagreements about strategy for social change. In News from Nowhere (1891), William Morris had portrayed socialism as the result of Lamarckian processes, and imagined a non-Malthusian future. H.G. Wells, an enthusiastic admirer of Morris in the early days of the movement, became disillusioned as a result of the Malthusianism he learnt from Huxley and his subsequent rejection of Lamarckism in light of Weismann's experiments on mice. This brought him into conflict with his fellow Fabian, George Bernard Shaw, who rejected neo-Darwinism in favour of a Lamarckian conception of change he called "creative evolution."

  15. Temptations of a socialist paradise: Reflections of a consumerist society in Yugoslavian films of the 1960s

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Malešević Miroslava

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available In a world divided by irreconcilable ideological differences into the capitalist West and the socialist East, Yugoslavia itself has, since the early fifties, faced a permanent choice between two options, on the borderline between those two opposing blocs. Coerced by political circumstances, the country's leadership had chosen its own path into communism, formulated through the idea of worker self-management that secured the belief among the people of Yugoslavia that they did not belong to either of the sides divided by the iron curtain. Although it was initially promoted as an expression of authentic Marxism, these unique political projects inevitably lead to an increasing openness toward the western world. The reduction of central government control over the economy, opening of borders, freedom of movement inside and outside the country, freedom of companies to trade abroad, permissible limited private property etc. allowed for easier access to elements of a consumer society that were coming from the West. Getting closer to the western world, as a cultural and an economic process, in the early 1960s also became a subject of Yugoslavian cinematography, which had after a string of years of partisan films begun to deal with modern (urban life. Through an anthropological analysis of the most popular domestic films made during that period, such as: Zajednicki stan, Nema malih bogova, Ljubav i moda and Na mesto građanine pokorni, in this paper I observe how ideological dilemmas concerning the first experiences of abandoning 'pure' socialism and the gradual acceptance of consumerism manifested in society (just prior to the economic reform of 1965., the vision of some future society that came to exist and the encounter with the taste of its values and lifestyle (the appearance of market mentality where new rules become important - competition and a fight for personal interest, individualism opposed to collective socialist solidarity etc.. [Projekat

  16. Linking Entrepreneurial Orientation to Firm Performance in a Post-Socialist Market Context: the Case of Hungary

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David KOVACS

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Entrepreneurial orientation provoked the interest of numerous scholars as well as political and administrative decision-makers. Both start-ups and already established corporate entities are increasingly persecuting new opportunities, products, and business models in order to establish superiority above their competitive environment. The tendencies evince an optimist impact of entrepreneurial orientation on business performance, namely on financial performance. Beyond the aforementioned relationship, there are impulses such as environmental and organizational factors, which are affecting the businesses. The results of this study provide evidence of the effect of entrepreneurial orientation on business performance in a post-socialist context. We test the impact of three moderators on this bivariate relationship. In contrast to the substantial body of literature for Western markets, we contribute to minimizing the considerable gap of research in post-socialist economies. Entrepreneurial orientation as an organizational behavior may affect the financial performance of businesses differently in distinct market contexts. Both, internal and external factors are crucial to identifying, analyze and monitor, to achieve superior performance and to overcome competitors. This study builds upon a stratified sampling survey of Hungarian company owners and managers from the Amadeus database. The study uses a deductive approach. For the analysis, we rely on structural equation modeling using the PLS algorithm. Our study contributes to the existing literature by means of confirming the entrepreneurial orientation to firm performance relationship for Hungary. In this context, we test the moderating effects of environmental dynamism, environmental hostility as environmental factors and firm age as an organizational factor. Environmental hostility is closely related to an unfavorable environment, deriving from rapid and radical changes in the industry, which are

  17. Narrating health and scarcity: Guyanese healthcare workers, development reformers, and sacrifice as solution from socialist to neoliberal governance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walker, Alexis

    2017-08-01

    In oral history interviews, Guyanese healthcare workers emphasize continuity in public health governance throughout the late twentieth century, despite major shifts in broader systems of governance during this period. I argue that these healthcare workers' recollections reflect long-term scarcities and the discourses through which both socialist politicians and neoliberal reformers have narrated them. I highlight the striking similarities in discourses of responsibility and efficiency advanced by socialist politicians in 1970s Guyana and by World Bank representatives designing the country's market transition in the late 1980s, and the ways these discourses have played out in Guyana's health system. Across diverging ideologies, politicians and administrators have promoted severe cost-control as the means to a more prosperous future, presenting short-term pains as necessary to creating new, better, leaner ways of life. In the health sector this has been enacted through a focus on self-help, and on nutrition as a tool available without funds dedicated for pharmaceuticals, advanced medical technologies, or a fully staffed public health system. I argue that across these periods Guyanese citizens have been offered a very similar recipe of ongoing sacrifice. I base my analysis on oral histories with forty-six healthcare workers conducted between 2013 and 2015 in Guyana in Regions 3, 4, 5, 9, and 10, as well as written records from World Bank and Guyanese national archives; I analyze official discourses as well as recollections and experiences of public health governance by those working in Guyana's health system. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  18. JPRS Report, Arms Control, Protocol to the Treaty Between the United States of America and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics on the Limitation of Underground Nuclear Weapon Tests

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    1990-01-01

    ... and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics on the Limitation of Underground Nuclear Weapon Tests of July 3, 1974, hereinafter referred to as the Treaty, convinced of the necessity to ensure effective...

  19. Leftist Movements, Gender, and the Argentinean Textile Industry. The Position of the Communist and Socialist Parties vis-à-vis the Claims of Female Workers, 1936-1946

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Verónica Norando

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available The article addresses the incorporation of gender demands into the claims of female textile workers in Argentina, as well as the positions assumed in that respect by the Socialist Party and the Communist Party, through the analysis of three case studies: two textile worker strikes and the claim for the reform of the Maternity Insurance Law. The objective is to study the relationships of these parties with the claims of female workers from a perspective that links gender and class relations, on the basis of both worker and State sources. One of the fundamental conclusions of this study is that the Socialist and Communist Parties played an active role in transforming those claims into concrete realizations.

  20. The Text of the Safeguards Agreement of 26 February 1976 between the Agency, Brazil and the Federal Republic of Germany; Texto Del Acuerdo De 26 De Febrero De 1976 Entre El Organismo, El Brasil Y La Republica Federal De Alemania Para La Aplicacion De Salvaguardias

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1976-05-27

    The text of the Agreement of 26 February 1976 between the Agency, Brazil and the Federal Republic of Germany relating to the agreement of 27 June 1975 between the two Governments for co-operation in the peaceful uses of nuclear energy is reproduced in this document for the information of all Members [Spanish] Para informacion de todos los Estados Miembros, en el presente documento se transcribe el texto del Acuerdo de 26 de febrero de 1976 concertado entre el Organismo, el Brasil y la Republica Federal de Alemania en relacion con el Acuerdo de 27 de junio de 1975 entre los dos Gobiernos relativo a la cooperacion en la esfera de los usos pacificos de la energia nuclear.

  1. Competing Victimizations or Multidirectional Soli-daties? Politics of Collective Memory and Solidarity in the Post-National Socialist and Post-Colonial Austrian Left

    OpenAIRE

    Julia Edthofer

    2014-01-01

    In this article I illustrate “competing victimizations” and propose possible “multidirectional solidarities” regarding inner-left debates about the Middle East conflict, anti-Semitism and racism in Viennese left-wing contexts. The illustrated conflict is specific for radical left-wing politics in a post-National Socialist and post-colonial setting. Debates initially revolve around Israel versus Palestine solidarity. In the wake of the Second Intifada and the September 11 attacks they partly d...

  2. Agreements Provided for in the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons. Declarations Received from Bulgaria, the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic, Hungary and Poland

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1970-01-01

    The Director General has received from the Governments of Bulgaria, the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic, Hungary and Poland declarations in which they express their readiness, in conformity with the obligations they have assumed under Article III of the Treaty on the Non- Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, to begin negotiation of safeguards agreements with the Agency. The texts of these declarations are reproduced below for the information of all Members

  3. Agreements Provided for in the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons. Declarations Received from Bulgaria, the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic, Hungary and Poland

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1970-06-11

    The Director General has received from the Governments of Bulgaria, the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic, Hungary and Poland declarations in which they express their readiness, in conformity with the obligations they have assumed under Article III of the Treaty on the Non- Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, to begin negotiation of safeguards agreements with the Agency. The texts of these declarations are reproduced below for the information of all Members.

  4. Driving forces of main landscape change processes from past 200 years in Central Europe - differences between old democratic and post-socialist countries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Skokanová Hana

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The article compares and points out differences in driving forces of four main landscape change processes that shaped post-socialist countries and old democratic countries of Central Europe during the last two centuries. Studying landscape change processes and corresponding driving forces helps in understanding patterns of present landscape and can help among others in better prediction of future landscape change trends. Here, the presented results are based on review of scientific articles published in peer-reviewed journals between 2000 and 2014. Driving forces affecting these processes were grouped into four categories. Economic forces drove mainly agricultural intensification; agricultural land abandonment and urbanisation and were pronounced especially in the second half of the 20th century and at the beginning of the 21st century. Technological driving forces affected agricultural intensification especially in the 19th century and the second half of the 20th century while cultural driving forces had the biggest impact on urbanisation at the beginning of the 21st century. Political driving forces affected agricultural intensification, urbanisation as well as agricultural land abandonment and were pronounced mainly during the second half of the 20th century in the post-socialist countries. Political forces in the form of subsidies drove agricultural extensification at the beginning of the 21st century. The drivers for the agricultural intensification as well as urbanisation seem to be similar for both old democratic and post-socialist countries. In contrast, agricultural land abandonment in the old democratic countries was driven by technological, cultural and economic driving forces while in the post-socialist countries the political driving forces were mainly responsible. Changes in systems for subsidies and changes in the agricultural commodity markets are also responsible for different frequencies and rates of extensification of

  5. Housing, Urban Renewal and Socio-Spatial Integration. A Study on Rehabilitating the Former Socialistic Public Housing Areas in Beijing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiaoxi Hui

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available The initiative of this study derived from my concern of two critical urban issues in China today: housing and urban renewal. In the recent two decades, the Chinese urban housing stock underwent a significant, if not extreme, transformation. From 1949 to 1998, the urban housing stock in China largely depended on the public sector, and a large amount of public housing areas were developed under the socialistic public housing system in Beijing and other Chinese cities. Yet in 1998, a radical housing reform stopped this housing system. Thus, most of the public housing stock was privatized and the urban housing provision was conferred to the market. The radical housing privatization and marketization did not really resolve but intensified the housing problem. Along with the high-speed urbanization, the alienated, capitalized and speculative housing stock caused a series of social and spatial problems. The Chinese government therefore attempted to reestablish the social housing system in 2007. However, the unbalanced structure of the Chinese urban housing stock has not been considerably optimized and the housing problem is still one of the most critical challenges in China. Based on the background of privatization, the former socialistic public housing areas in Beijing confront the ambiguity of their housing stock and the confusion of housing management. While they still accommodate the majority of urban residents and are identified by their good places, (social and programmatic mixed communities, vibrant local life, and diversified housing types, they are facing the serious challenges of physical deterioration and social decline. Therefore, urban renewal was thought as an effective solution seeking to improve the living conditions in those neighborhoods. Nevertheless, urban renewal in itself is also a controversial issue. In order to solve the housing problem, the large-scale urban renewal in Beijing started at the beginning of the 1990s. The radical

  6. The Treaty between the United States of America and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics on Underground Nuclear Explosions for Peaceful Purposes and Related Instruments

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1976-01-01

    On 1 June 1976 the Director General received a letter dated the same day from the Resident Representative of the United States of America to the Agency in which he communicated the text of the Treaty between the United States of America and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics on Underground Nuclear Explosions for Peaceful Purposes which was signed by President Ford and General Secretary Brezhnev on 28 May 1976. The Resident Representative asked that the texts of the Treaty, the Protocol and the Agreed Statement be brought to the attention of all Members of the Agency in view of the relationship of this Treaty to the work of the Agency. On the same day the Director General received a letter in similar terms from the Resident Representative of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. Taking into account the common request made by the Resident Representatives of the United States of America and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics the texts of the Treaty, the Protocol and the Agreed Statement are reproduced in this document.

  7. The Treaty between the United States of America and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics on Underground Nuclear Explosions for Peaceful Purposes and Related Instruments

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1976-06-14

    On 1 June 1976 the Director General received a letter dated the same day from the Resident Representative of the United States of America to the Agency in which he communicated the text of the Treaty between the United States of America and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics on Underground Nuclear Explosions for Peaceful Purposes which was signed by President Ford and General Secretary Brezhnev on 28 May 1976. The Resident Representative asked that the texts of the Treaty, the Protocol and the Agreed Statement be brought to the attention of all Members of the Agency in view of the relationship of this Treaty to the work of the Agency. On the same day the Director General received a letter in similar terms from the Resident Representative of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. Taking into account the common request made by the Resident Representatives of the United States of America and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics the texts of the Treaty, the Protocol and the Agreed Statement are reproduced in this document.

  8. Converging with World Trends: The Emergence of the Cosmopolitan Citizen in Post-Socialist Romanian Citizenship Education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simona Szakács

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Based on thematic content analysis of textbooks, curricula, and an overview of educational legislation after the 1989 change of political regime in Romania, this paper presents empirical evidence to argue that that postsocialist citizenship education displays surprising similarities with converging post-war changes in the concept of the ‘good citizen’. The findings suggest a complex picture of change combining liberal, communitarian and cosmopolitan renditions of the new citizen, all having a common thread: the shift towards a post-national ethos delinking the citizen from the exclusive purchase of national belonging and decoupling citizen action from the absolute duty to the patria. Such significant changes are often overlooked due to the dominant focus on the failures to comply with an idealized Western liberal model. However, they invite us to reconsider current understandings of both the pitfalls and the opportunities of post-socialist citizenship education by considering them from a different angle: that of wider socio-cultural change that is gradually being institutionalised at the world level.

  9. The reurbanisation concept and its utility for contemporary research on post-socialist cities: The case of the Czech Republic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ouředníček Martin

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The concept of reurbanisation is discussed in this article from theoretical and methodological perspectives. Reurbanisation has been defined as one of the stages of urban development recently, but it is also tied to processes of gentrification, or perceived as a policy aimed at the revitalisation of inner cities. The main objective of this contribution is to discuss three principal and different perspectives of reurbanisation: firstly, reurbanisation as defined on the macro-scale of settlement system development; secondly, the concept as elaborated at the micro-scale of the transformation of inner cities; and, thirdly, reurbanisation viewed as a specific urban policy at the local government scale of analysis. The authors’ singular understanding of the reurbanisation process – as suburban-to-urban migration – is then presented as an alternative conceptualization of reurbanisation. This paper presents and evaluates the use of the reurbanisation concept in research on residential environments in current conditions in the Czech Republic and relates it to the broader domain of research on post-socialist cities.

  10. "Dictating the suitable way of life": mental hygiene for children and workers in socialist Mexico, 1934-1940.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Molina, Andrés Ríos

    2013-01-01

    After the Mexican Revolution (1910-1920), an ambitious project of national reconstruction began in which education and health were two priorities in the consolidation of a new nation. In this context of social, cultural, and political transformation, mental hygiene was a field that made it possible to articulate the professional practice of psychiatrists with the project of the nation promoted by postrevolutionary governments. In Mexico, the mental hygiene movement was headed by the same doctors who professionalized the practice of psychiatry and made it a specialized field of knowledge. The first generation of psychiatrists managed to integrate mental hygiene into health and education policies during the socialist administration of president Lázaro Cárdenas; a phenomenon that made evident the articulation between mental hygiene, social medicine, and nationalist discourse. Discussion will focus on proposals made from the perspective of mental hygiene as a function of two social sectors regarded as priorities by the Cárdenas government: children and workers. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  11. Tourism as an Approach to Sustainable Rural Development in Post-Socialist Countries: A Comparative Study of Serbia and Slovenia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marko D. Petrović

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available The research deals with the sustainable development of the Serbian and Slovenian countryside, under the influence of tourism progress. The article identifies the main rural tourism competitiveness in Serbia and Slovenia, as one of the essential factors of rural development in both countries, analyzing the main contributions and making a series of proposals to guide the future research agenda. The aim of the paper is to clarify around one obviously defined objective—to point out the competitiveness of sustainable rural tourism in typical post-socialist settings. The data for this study were collected using the Integrated Model of Destination Competitiveness to observe Serbian and Slovenian competitiveness in tourism. Determinants were assessed using a survey evaluating four demanding factors and 20 supporting factors, based upon a five-point Likert Scale. The results indicated that the friendliness of residents towards visitors, easy communication between them, together with quality of infrastructure and health facilities show the highest level of statistical correlation. These are the main propositions to start an initiative for the authorities in local communities to actively participate in sustainable rural development. The findings provide tourism stakeholders with relevant respondents’ perceptions pertaining to the tourism development in non-urban areas.

  12. “Coloniality of power” in East Central Europe: external penetration as internal force in post-socialist Hungarian politics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agnes Gagyi

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Joining a series of analyses of effects of othering, orientalism, or coloniality in East Central Europe, the paper asks how long-term structural-ideological effects of global hierarchies, as reflected in post-colonial contexts by the term “coloniality of power,” can be conceptualized for East Central Europe. In a case study of political polarization in post-socialist Hungary,it examines the effects of global integration,  claiming that two dominant economic-political blocks formed along a division of vertical alliances related to integration with either Western or national capital. From those positions, they developed divergent political ideologies of development: modernization through Western integration, versus the protection of “national” wealth from Western capital and its local allies. While both propagated capitalist integration, they each needed to develop ideologies that appealed to electorates suffering the costs of integration. One framing of developmentalist emancipation promised Western modernity through rejection of popular, backward characteristics of the country, including nationalism. The other promised advancement in the global hierarchy through overcoming internal and external enemies of national development. These two, mutually reinforcing ideological positions, which I call“democratic antipopulism” and “antidemocratic populism,” denied the contradiction between elites’ and workers’ interest and perpetuated existing global hierarchies. Within the wider debate over cross-contextual applications of the notion of “coloniality of power,” and of emancipative efforts born from the “colonial wound,” the paper emphasizes the significance of the structural conditions, positions and alliances within which experiences of global domination are born and mobilized.

  13. Escape from Socialist Yugoslavia ‒ Illegal Emigration from Croatia from 1945 to the Beginning of the 1960s

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tatjana Šarić

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available In the post-war socialist Yugoslavia political and/or economic situation has become unacceptable for part of the population. Since legal emigration from Croatia was not allowed, the number of illegal immigrants increased since the end of World War II. The article deals with this group of migrants using the comparative analysis of original archival materials and available literature in the period from 1945 to 1961 when the state began to gradually open the border. Mostly young people, under 25 years of age, immigrated illegally, mainly for economic reasons, and this was associated with a tradition of emigration, especially in the coastal region. In addition to the poor economic situation, people also emigrated for political reasons, then for adventure, to avoid serving in the Yugoslav People’s Army or to escape from the law for committing criminal offenses. They were fleeing by land or by sea, which was much more successful. Usually the first destinations of the immigrants were Italy, Austria and Germany, from where the majority of them moved to overseas countries. Most people fled the districts of Rijeka, Pula, Zagreb, Zadar, Šibenik and Split that existed at that time so that 74% of all illegal immigrants came from them. The runaways were mostly workers, followed by farmers, vocational school students, public servants, pupils and students, sailors and craftsmen. According to gender, there were many more men than women among the runaways, most of whom were unmarried. The authorities were trying to prevent the escape abroad by methods of controlling the border and prison sentences, but also by the attempts to ensure better living conditions in the affected areas. As these measures had not yielded the desired results, but also due to the beginning of the economic crisis and the appearance of unemployment, the authorities liberalized emigration procedures and opened the borders to immigrants which resulted in a new wave of economic emigration.

  14. En nombre del amor: políticas de la sexualidad en el proyecto socialista bolivariano / In the Name of Love: Politics of Sexuality in the Bolivarian Socialist Project

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Teresa Vera-Rojas

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available This article propose that the alignment of love with the socialist pretensions of Hugo Chávez and his political successors is grounded in, as well as reinforces, heteronormativity as the natural organization of contemporary Venezuelan society. Consequently, I suggest that the institutional homophobia of the Bolivarian revolution could be understood as the counterpart of the discourse of love from which the Bolivarian socialist ideas have been built upon, the bonds of which only consider heterosexual relationships and affective expressions as legitimate, productive and ethical.

  15. Changes of marital behavior and family patterns in post-socialist countries: Delayed, incomplete or specific second demographic transition?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Petrović Mina

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper starts by questioning the theory of second demographic transition (SDT and its universal relevance in the field of marriage behavior and family organization in low fertility context, arguing for more differentiated approaches. With an aim to illustrate the contextual specifics of post-socialist countries in general and of Serbia in particular, the author claims that analyzed changes have not just been delayed or incomplete in comparison to more developed European countries, but shaped by specific modernization processes, which led to rationally developed strategies in overcoming structural risks, although, without ideational changes typical to the theory of SDT. Slow changes in marital behavior and family organization in Serbia are illustrated in recent sociological (empirical research findings. The perceived changes are linked to specific structural risks (war, slow transformation and enduring economic hardships, weak state and low trust in institutions, etc and value characteristics (persistence of materialism and traditionalism, but with increasing ambivalence. The connection between structural and ideational changes is considered through social stratification variable by relying on Coale's model on necessary preconditions for behavioral changes as well as on social deprivation concept. Having in mind upper social strata (more educated and better off, the value changes precede the behavioral that are adapted to economic uncertainty, which still force more traditional marital and family patterns. Therefore, there is a rank of different options, from extended family (for a short period at the beginning of marriage or after divorce to separated leaving (of married partners in parental households (due to refusing the extended family option thus creating quite specific "living apart together" form, combined with dominant strategy of prolonging the marriage. Hence, for upper social strata, marriage is still a universal but negotiable

  16. Competing Victimizations or Multidirectional Soli-daties? Politics of Collective Memory and Solidarity in the Post-National Socialist and Post-Colonial Austrian Left

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julia Edthofer

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available In this article I illustrate “competing victimizations” and propose possible “multidirectional solidarities” regarding inner-left debates about the Middle East conflict, anti-Semitism and racism in Viennese left-wing contexts. The illustrated conflict is specific for radical left-wing politics in a post-National Socialist and post-colonial setting. Debates initially revolve around Israel versus Palestine solidarity. In the wake of the Second Intifada and the September 11 attacks they partly divide anti-fascist and anti-racist political stances. While the pro-Israeli camp focuses on the Holocaust, Austrian guilt-deflection and current anti-Semitism, the pro-Palestinian side condemns the Israeli occupation and fights growing anti-Muslim racism. In this context, opposing perspectives on the relation of new anti-Semitism and anti-Muslim racism are articulated. Such competing dynamics and their interrelation with Austrian memory politics and global politics are illustrated.  Subsequently, they are discussed as being related to conflicting memories and interrelated competing victimizations in migrant societies with a National Socialist history, such as in Austria and Germany. Concluding, the concept of “multidirectional solidarity” is proposed as an alternative approach, transcending competitive views on past and current victimizations.

  17. Post-socialist Informalities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    to understand and explain informality, while also debating its relationship with the market and society. The authors seek to explain informality beyond a mere monetaristic/economistic approach, rediscovering its interconnection with social phenomena to propose a more holistic interpretation of the meaning...

  18. Agreement of 27 September 1988 between the International Atomic Energy Agency and the Government of India for the application of safeguards in connection with the supply of a nuclear power station from the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1989-01-01

    The full text of the Agreement of 27 September 1988 between the Agency and the Government of India for the application of safeguards in connection with the supply of a nuclear power station composed of two pressurized light water reactors, each of 1000 MW(e) from the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics is reproduced

  19. Text of the agreement between the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic and the Agency for the application of safeguards in connection with the treaty on the non-proliferation of nuclear weapons

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1993-07-01

    The document informs that the Czech Republic succeeded to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons on 1 January 1993 and to the agreement between the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic and the Agency for the application of safeguards in connection with the above treaty

  20. Text of the agreement between the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic and the Agency for the application of safeguards in connection with the treaty on the non-proliferation of nuclear weapons

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1993-07-01

    The document informs that the Slovak Republic succeeded to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons on 1 January 1993 and to the agreement between the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic and the Agency for the application of safeguards in connection with the above treaty

  1. The National Socialist State in the View of Norbert Frei O estado nacional-socialista na ótica de Norbert Frei

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marco Pais Neves dos Santos

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available This article has as context World War II, the largest and bloodiest conflict in human history, and is the conception of the National Socialist State produced by Norbert Frei, one of the most influential historians of our time, in his work: The State of Hitler: The national Socialist power from 1933 to 1945. It has as object how Norbert Frei conceives German history between the years of 1933-1945, and his critical eye on the National Socialist State, analysing not only from the standpoint of ideological crime and Social Darwinism, but also through the political and social history, including questioning the involvement and acceptance by society of Hitler's German government, revealing that despite Norbert Frei was born in Germany , he has never been hostage to the past, and always sought to open the debate, countering the difficulty of many Germans to remember Nazism, for whom "German guilt" of a pact with the regime, especially in the Holocaust, led them to hide for a few decades their recent past, what includes the intellectual circuits.Este artigo tem como perspetiva enquadrante a II Guerra Mundial, o maior e mais sangrento conflito da história da humanidade, e trata a conceção do Estado Nacional-Socialista produzida por Norbert Frei, um dos mais influentes historiadores da atualidade, na sua obra: O Estado de Hitler: o poder nacional-socialista de 1933 a 1945. Tem como objeto a forma como Norbert Frei concebe a história alemã, entre os anos de 1933-1945, e o seu olhar crítico sobre o Estado Nacional-Socialista, analisando-o não só do ponto de vista do crime ideológico, do darwinismo social, mas também através da história política e social, inclusive, questionando a participação e aceitação pela sociedade alemã da governação de Hitler, revelando que, apesar de ser um historiador natural da Alemanha, nunca esteve refém do passado e sempre procurou abrir o debate, contrariando a dificuldade de muitos alemães em recordarem o

  2. Protocol Additional to the Agreement between the Government of the Republic of Ghana and the International Atomic Energy Agency for the Application of Safeguards in connection with the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons; Protocolo Adicional Al Acuerdo Entre La Republica De Ghana Y El Organismo Internacional De Energia Atomica Para La Aplicacion De Salvaguardias En Relacion Con El Tratado Sobre La No Proliferacion De Las Armas Nucleares

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-11-27

    The text of the Protocol Additional to the Safeguards Agreement concluded between the Government of the Republic of Ghana and the International Atomic Energy Agency for the application of safeguards in connection with the Treaty for the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) is reproduced in this document for the information of all Members. The Additional Protocol was approved by the Board of Governors on 11 June 1998. It was signed in Vienna on 12 June 1998 [Spanish] Se transcribe en el presente documento, para informacion de todos los Estados Miembros, el texto del Protocolo adicional al Acuerdo de salvaguardias concertado entre la Republica de Ghana y el Organismo Internacional de Energia Atomica para la aplicacion de salvaguardias en relacion con el Tratado sobre la no proliferacion de las armas nucleares (TNP). El Protocolo adicional fue aprobado por la Junta de Gobernadores el 11 de junio de 1998 y firmado en Viena el 12 de junio de 1998.

  3. The Text of the Agreement between Belgium, Denmark, the Federal Republic of Germany, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, The Netherlands, the European Atomic Energy Community and the Agency in Connection with the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons; Texto del Acuerdo Concertado Entre Belgica, Dinamarca, La Republica Federal De Alemania, Irlanda, Italia, Luxemburgo, Los Paises Bajos, La Comunidad Europea De Energia Ato Mica Y El Organismo En Relacion Con El Tratado Sobre La No Proliferacion De Las Armas Nucleares

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1973-09-14

    The text of the Agreement, and of the Protocol thereto, between Belgium, Denmark, the Federal Republic of Germany, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, The Netherlands, the European Atomic Energy Community and the Agency in implementation of Article III (1) and (4) of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (reproduced in document INFCIRC/140) is reproduced in this document for the information of all Members [Spanish] Para informacion de todos los Estados Miembros, en el presente documento se transcribe el texto del Acuerdo concertado entre Belgica, Dinamarca, la Republica Federal de Alemania, Irlanda, Italia, Luxemburgo, los Paises Bajos, la Comunidad Europea de Energia Atomica y el Organismo en ejecucion de lo dispuesto en los parrafos 1 y 4 del articulo III del Tratado sobre la no proliferacion de las armas nucleares, asi como el del Protocolo que acompana a dicho Acuerdo.

  4. Is there Something as an Ex-Yugoslavian HRM Model? – Sticking to the Socialist Heritage or Converging With Neoliberal Practices

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pološki Vokić Nina

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available The question of this paper is whether there is an ex-Yugoslavia HRM model drawing upon Western imported features fused with ethno open-socialistic and self-management elements? In the empirical part Cranet data for 341 companies from Croatia, Slovenia and Serbia are analysed. Main characteristics of HRM systems in ex-Yugoslavia are: the HRM strategic partner role is still neglected, the mind-set of taking care for everybody is omnipresent, the value of performance management is not fully entrusted, the full-time employment still predominates, and the trade unions retained their barging power. Although 30 indicators revealed specifics of ex-Yugoslavia HRM model, the theorized hybrid HRM system was not disclosed.

  5. The Rational Examination of the Socialist Marketing Economy%对社会主义市场经济的理性审视

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘林元

    2012-01-01

    The marketing economy and planned economy should be combined and complement each other because they both have advantages and disadvantages. Economic system of socialism with Chinese characteristics should carry out planned marketing economy system which integrates planned economy and marketing economy, and is not single marketing economy. Socialist marketing economy has common features of the marketing economy and has the same internal contradictions as other kinds of marketing economies, which are the economic causes of current serious corruption. Confronted with the personal egoism values stimulated by marketing economy, we should uphold and develop the socialist collectivism values and ethics.%市场与计划各有其长短,应该互相结合,互相补充。中国特色的社会主义经济体制应该实行计划与市场相结合的计划市场经济体制,而不是单一的市场经济体制。社会主义市场经济具有市场经济的共同特点,存在着一般市场经济所具有的内在矛盾,这是当前严重腐败现象产生的经济根源。面对市场经济引发的个人利己主义价值观,应该坚持和发扬社会主义集体主义价值观和道德观。

  6. Profesionalismus a amatérismus v zrcadle socialistického sportu [Professionalism and amateurism in the mirror of the socialistic sport

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brigita Stloukalová

    2008-02-01

    century, when sport got itself into totally new social conditions determined with two world economical systems. The longstanding International Olympic Committee chairman Avery Brundage resisted pressure of the international sport associations and the national Olympic committees, his successor Lord Michael Killanin gave free play to it. Juan Antonio Samaranch who became unrestricted dictator of the Olympic movement in 80th and 90th of the 20th century opened gates with final validity. Just he provided for a payment of the high financial fees according to the socialistic model of the sport system. The XXIV. Olympic Games in Soul in 1988 were important in this because tennis players celebrated their come back on the Olympic stadiums after sixty-four years. Tennis was typical representative of the professional sport. What relation was between socialistic and capitalistic sport? Were athletes from the socialistic countries professionals? How the socialistic countries accepted changes into the Olympic movement in 80th of the 20th century? These and other questions keep one of keys for understanding contemporary situation in sport with his troubles: height of the athletes' fees, commercialisation, advertisement and promotion in the media, doping a fair play. I miss ethical and philosophical point of view on the professional sport problems. I continue my historical point of view in presented article. I want to show some lesser-known aspects of the professional sport and remind relations of the socialistic countries to the top sport during cold war. The thirst to succeed in the medal duel contributed to growth of the demands on sportsmen. The training took more and more time. That is why was increasingly impossible for sportsmen to have an occupation or studies. It proves that not only wealthy companies stood at the professional sport emancipation but also specific understanding of the sport amateurism in the socialistic countries policy.

  7. Disposal of Radioactive Waste in the Subsurface of the Federal Republic of Germany: Geological and Hydro-Geological Problems; Elimination des Dechets Radioactifs dans le Sous-Sol de la Republique Federale d'Allemagne: Problemes Geologiques et Hydrogeologiques; 041f 041e 0414 ; Evacuacion de Desechos Radiactivos en el Subsuelo de la Republica Federal de Alemania Problemas Geologicos e Hidrogeologicos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wagner, R.; Richter, W. [Bundesanstalt fuer Bodenforschung, Hannover (Germany)

    1960-07-01

    The geological and hydrogeological problems related to the subsurface disposal of radioactive wastes in the Federal Republic of Germany are outlined. Special consideration is given to the possibility of storing solid and liquid wastes in the salt-domes widespread in the north-west, and of injecting liquid waste into deep reservoirs containing briny water and located in favourable geologic structures. (author) [French] Les auteurs decrivent les problemes geologiques et hydrogeologiques que pose, dans la Republique federale d'Allemagne, l'elimination des dechets radioactifs dans le sous-sol. Ils examinent notamment la possibilite d'emmagasiner des dechets solides et liquides dans les salines, qui abondent dans la partie nord-ouest et d'injecter des dechets liquides dans de profonds reservoirs d'eau saline, situes dans des formations geologiques presentant des conditions favorables. (author) [Spanish] Los autores exponen los problemas geologicos e hidrogeologicos que plantea la evacuacion de desechos radiactivos en el subsuelo de la Republica Federal de Alemania. Examinan sobre todo la posibilidad de almacenar desechos solidos y liquidos en los domos de sal, muy abundantes en el noroeste del pais, y de inyectar desechos liquidos en depositos profundos de agua salobre situados en estructuras geologicas que presentan condiciones favorables. (author) [Russian] Privoditsja opisanie geologicheskih i gidrogeologicheskih problem, svjazannyh s podzemnym udaleniem radioaktivnyh othodov v Federal'noj Respublike Germanii. Osoboe vnimanie udeljaetsja vozmozhnosti skladirovanija tverdyh i zhidkih othodov v soljanyh kupolah, imejushhihsja v bol'shom kolichestve v severo- zapadnoj chasti Germanii, i zahoronenija zhidkih othodov v glubokie rezervuary, soderzhashhie solenye vody i raspolozhennye v podhodjashhih geologicheskih strukturah. (author)

  8. Polymorphe Männerkörper in Bohumil Hrabals Werk Obsluhoval jsem anglického krále als Gegenentwurf zum Sozialistischen Realismus // The Polymorph Male Body in Bohumil Hrabal’s I Served the King of England as a Counter-Concept to Socialist Realism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ina Hartmann

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The essay inquires into the literary presentation of the male body of selected protagonists of Bohumil Hrabalʼs Obsluhoval jsem anglického krále (I Served the King of England. Concentrating on the cultural-political situation especially at the time of the genesis of the novel and on the postulates of Socialist Realism regarding the male body, the analysis illustrates how the literary constructed male body of Hrabal works as a counter-concept to the aesthetics of Socialist Realism. Measured against the normally healthy and normalised male body in Socialist-Realist art, the bodies of Hrabalʼs male protagonists appear not merely deficient and grotesque but rather polymorphous. The immoral behaviour, erotic gestures and physical ineligibility of Hrabalʼs figures reduces the model of the hero of Socialist work effort to an absurdity.

  9. Protocol Additional to the Agreement between the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam and the International Atomic Energy Agency for the Application of Safeguards in Connection with the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2012-01-01

    The text of the Protocol Additional to the Agreement between the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam and the International Atomic Energy Agency for the Application of Safeguards in Connection with the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons is reproduced in this document for the information of all Members. The Board of Governors approved the Additional Protocol on 6 March 2007. It was signed on 10 August 2007 in Vienna, Austria. Pursuant to Article 17 of the Additional Protocol, the Protocol entered into force on 17 September 2012, the date on which the Agency received from the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam written notification that Vietnam's statutory and constitutional requirements for entry into force had been met [fr

  10. Protocol Additional to the Agreement between the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam and the International Atomic Energy Agency for the Application of Safeguards in Connection with the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2012-01-01

    The text of the Protocol Additional to the Agreement between the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam and the International Atomic Energy Agency for the Application of Safeguards in Connection with the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons is reproduced in this document for the information of all Members. The Board of Governors approved the Additional Protocol on 6 March 2007. It was signed on 10 August 2007 in Vienna, Austria. Pursuant to Article 17 of the Additional Protocol, the Protocol entered into force on 17 September 2012, the date on which the Agency received from the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam written notification that Vietnam's statutory and constitutional requirements for entry into force had been met

  11. Protocol Additional to the Agreement between the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam and the International Atomic Energy Agency for the Application of Safeguards in Connection with the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2012-01-01

    The text of the Protocol Additional to the Agreement between the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam and the International Atomic Energy Agency for the Application of Safeguards in Connection with the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons is reproduced in this document for the information of all Members. The Board of Governors approved the Additional Protocol on 6 March 2007. It was signed on 10 August 2007 in Vienna, Austria. Pursuant to Article 17 of the Additional Protocol, the Protocol entered into force on 17 September 2012, the date on which the Agency received from the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam written notification that Vietnam's statutory and constitutional requirements for entry into force had been met [es

  12. Text of the Agreement between the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic and the Agency for the Application of Safeguards in connection with the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons. Succession by the Czech Republic

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1993-07-01

    In a communication received on 24 March 1993, the Government of the Czech Republic informed the Director General, inter alia, that by virtue of succession to the Czech and Slovak Federal Republic, it was a Party, with effect from 1 January 1993, to the Agreement between the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic and the Agency for the Application of Safeguards in Connection with the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons [es

  13. Protocol Additional to the Agreement between the Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya and the International Atomic Energy Agency for the Application of Safeguards in Connection with the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2007-01-01

    The text of the Protocol Additional to the Agreement between the Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya and the International Atomic Energy Agency for the Application of Safeguards in Connection with the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons is reproduced in the Annex to this document for the information of all Members. The Board of Governors approved the Additional Protocol on 9 March 2004. It was signed on 10 March 2004 in Vienna

  14. Protocol Additional to the Agreement between the Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya and the International Atomic Energy Agency for the Application of Safeguards in Connection with the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2007-01-01

    The text of the Protocol Additional to the Agreement between the Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya and the International Atomic Energy Agency for the Application of Safeguards in Connection with the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons is reproduced in the Annex to this document for the information of all Members. The Board of Governors approved the Additional Protocol on 9 March 2004. It was signed on 10 March 2004 in Vienna [es

  15. Insect control in socialist China and the corporate United States: the act of comparison, the tendency to forget, and the construction of difference in 1970s U.S.-Chinese scientific exchange.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmalzer, Sigrid

    2013-06-01

    In 1975, a delegation of U.S. entomologists traveled to socialist China to observe Chinese insect control science. Their overwhelmingly positive reports highlighted in relief the pernicious effects of pesticide corporations on U.S. agriculture; some entomologists hoped this would goad the United States to catch up to China in environmentally sensible insect control practices. Of course, insect control in socialist China carried its own political baggage, some of which-for example, mass mobilization and self-reliance--the state made highly visible to visitors, and some of which--for example, harsh treatment of scientists--it sought to obscure. For both the U.S. and the Chinese participants, the act of comparison itself was of primary significance in the exchange, allowing them to construct socialist Chinese science as refreshingly different from U.S. science. At the same time, however, this construction of difference meant forgetting the much longer transnational history in which U.S. and Chinese entomology had been intertwined.

  16. Immigrant Entrepreneurship in Post-Socialist Countries of the European Union: Motives and Patterns of Entrepreneurship of Post-Soviet Immigrants in Hungary

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sanja Tepavcevic

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper explores the relationship between migration, entrepreneurship, and foreign direct investments by focusing on entrepreneurial activities of post-Soviet (immigrants in Hungary in periods between 1991 and 2016. Post-Soviet migrants are in focus because between 1956 and 1989 the Soviet Union coercively kept Hungary in the Socialist bloc. Based on surveys and in-depth interviews, this paper reveals that there are considerable differences in patterns of entrepreneurship among post-Soviet immigrant entrepreneurs depending mostly on time of their arrival to Hungary. Similarly, motives for entrepreneurship among the first-wave migrants combine negative factors in the former Soviet Union with positive factors encountered in Hungary, while factors in Hungary recognized as positive by most post-Soviets prevail in motives for later waves of post-Soviet migration and entrepreneurship in Hungary. The paper also demonstrates that many relatively small investments have been conducted since 2000 by citizens of post-Soviet countries to Hungary. Some of them are transforming into an entrepreneurial activity, serving also as a basis for immigration to Hungary.

  17. “I joined the Party to keep ourselves out of the System.” Neo-Pagan Survival Strategies in Socialist Hungary

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Csáji László Koppány

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents a Hungarian Ethno-Pagan group (Bolyanest which was established in 1979, active in and around Budapest. In the early 80s the group was a forum for New Age-like ideas: Gaia cult, esoteric concepts, natural-based peace-campaigns, yoga, Reiki and other theories about nature, love, humanity, human potentials and peace. The author analyses how this group shifted slowly from the New Age to the Neo-Pagan characteristics during the 80s. The group had a complex survival strategy, which contained several conscious and instinctual responses to the communist system. One of these was the use of espionage: having an informer within the police from among their membership to provide reports that were to benefit the movement. Another strategy was that some members joined the Socialist Party to reassure the communist authorities of their loyalty. The Hungarian society considered communism as a field of parallel realities: one was the communist system‘s narratives, and the other was the society‘s private discourses. Beside these, Bolyanest members created a third reality: the group‘s own value-system and narratives. The cognitive ability to alternate between the realities was also an important key to survival.

  18. Pivot Tables - Toolkit: the Constraints to the Business Development in the Former Socialist EU Countries from the Central and Eastern Europe between (2008-2016

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ecaterina Daniela Zeca

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available When cooperation between countries is in harmony, trade and investment patterns are based on economic considerations. However, in times of geopolitical reconfiguration of ranking supremacy, economic events held on a stage that sums up all the world, with everything that means material resources, financial resources, polarized areas of intervention, causation so "equation", sometimes with many and unpredictable variables, may not be so easy to solve it. The measurements and econometric calculation are indisputable correct, analysis and the economic forecasts must be accompanied by correct investment strategies on international road map being important to not overlook tension that may weaken national strategy. Informational abundance is as dangerous, or more correctly ineffective, like is the shortage of information. I approached the topic " Pivot tables - toolkit: the constraints to the business development in the former EU socialist countries from the Central and Eastern Europe" in terms of the possibility of accessing easy, accurate and timely a lot of sources of information because, this aspect is desirable, that the result of research overcome the academic space and to become a useful and efficient tool both to researchers, the decision makers and for vectors of economic policy. How large were the constraints and limitations which occurred, which is architecture of their evolution curve for the horizon 2008, 2016, all of these are coagulated aspects in this paper and accessible with one click.

  19. “It was the least painful to go into Greenhouse Production”: The Moral Appreciation of Social Security in Post-Socialist Serbia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andre Thiemann

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper deals with the agricultural production of social security. By representing a rural case study from Central Serbia, it contributes to the economic history of post-socialist former Yugoslavia and explores the conditions of the possibility for social alternatives to neo-capitalism. In the case study, a male actor - embedded within family and wider social networks - successfully accommodates the adverse macroeconomic conditions through hard work, micromanagement of limited resources, and the production of social relations. He also combines new micro-spatial fixings - productive facilities - with revaluing morally depreciated older ones. In sum, this case study shows how networks of actors can invest their energy into reversing the moral depreciation of labor and capital under conditions of capitalist competition and growing inequality. These practices point to an emancipation from the inegalitarian moral economy of capitalism, a process I conceptualize as “moral appreciation”. As its goal emerges the production of a relatively egalitarian society within the lived space of the urban-village continuum.

  20. Review: Birgit Schreiber (2006. Versteckt. Jüdische Kinder im nationalsozialistischen Deutschland und ihr Leben danach [Hidden. Jewish Children in National Socialist Germany and Their Lives Afterwards

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Birgit Griese

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available In her empirical study, Hidden. Jewish children in National Socialist Germany and their lives afterwards, Birgit SCHREIBER analyses five autobiographical interviews. She presents different perspectives to the reader: a the contemporary, political dimension of the topic concerning German history and recollection, b the (problematic structures of communication between German Jews and non-Jewish Germans (keywords: "crisis of witnesses", c a narrative prospect and analysis, and d a psychoanalytic access of the life stories of traumatized people. Its special potentials—partly innovation and, at the same time, its soft spots—lie in these "multidimensional prospects" of the study. On the one hand, it seems to be unclear where to put the emphasis; is it an Oral-History study, a structural narration, mainly autobiographical work or psychoanalytically substantiated research? On the other hand, the different perspectives allow a sensitive way of dealing with specific forms of communication and meeting and providing a special, empathetic way of analyzing data. Above all, this "mixture" offers the possibility of a wide discussion of basic topics within qualitative research—especially the relation between science and therapy, ethics in research and the construction of an empirically grounded typology. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs0703166

  1. Agreement of 30 January 1992 between the Government of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea and the International Atomic Energy Agency for the Application of Safeguards in connection with the Treaty on the Nonproliferation of Nuclear Weapons; Acuerdo De 30 De Enero De 1992 Entre El Gobierno De La Republica Popular Democratica De Corea Y El Organismo Internacional De Enercia Atomica Para La Aplicacion De Salvaguardias En Relacion Con El Tratado Sobre La No Proliferacion De Las Armas Nucleares

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1992-05-15

    The text of the Agreement between the Government of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea and the International Atomic Energy Agency for the application of safeguards in connection with the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons is reproduced in this document for the information of all Members. The Agreement was approved by the Agency's Board of Governors on 12 September 1991 and signed in Vienna on 30 January 1992. The Agreement entered into force, pursuant to Article 25, on 10 April 1992 [Spanish] El texto del Acuerdo entre el Gobierno de la Republica Popular Democratic-a de Corea y el Organismo Internacional de Energia Atomica para la aplica cion de salvaguardias en relacion con el Tratado sobre la no proliferacion de las armas nuclearese reproduce en este documento para informacion de to dos los Estados Miembros. El Acuerdo fue aprobado por la Junta de Gobernado res del Organismo el 12 de septiembre de 1991 y firmado en Viena el 30 de ene ro de 1992.

  2. Ethnical distance of the citizens of Republika Srpska and the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina to the nations of former Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Puhalo Srđan

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents the study of Ethnical distance with the citizens of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The study was made using Bogardus' scale of social distance, on 1000 interviewees of the Federation of BiH and 850 interviewees of Republika Srpska. The citizens of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina reject the Romas the most, followed by the Albanians and Macedonians. This is followed by the Serbs and Montenegrians, while Slovenians and Croats are the least rejected. Prejudices of the citizens of Bosnia and Herzegovina to the Romas, Albanians, and Macedonians are much more important for the rejection or accepting of offered relations, than it was the case with open hostility and war conflicts with the Serbs, Montenegrians, and Croats. In the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina a distinction is made in the degree of ethnical distance of Bosniaks and Croats to the nations who lived in the former Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. Offered relations are more rejected by the Croats than by the Bosniaks. The citizens of Republika Srpska accept the Muslims (Bosniaks and Romas the least. This is followed by the Croats, Slovenians, and Macedonians, and the Montenegrians are rejected the least. The citizens of Republika Srpska refuse that they or the members of their family marry a member of another nation. Thus they object any possibility for the members of other nations to be found on managing position, or any situation where they themselves would be in a subordinate position in society in relation to the members of other nationalities.

  3. The text of the agreement of 8 July 1982 between Argentina and the Agency for the application of Safeguards in connection with the supply of nuclear material from the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1995-01-01

    The Agreement between the Republic of Argentina, the Federative Republic of Brazil, the Brazilian-Argentine Agency for Accounting and Control of Nuclear Materials and the International Atomic Energy Agency for the Application of Safeguards came into force on 4 March 1994. As a result of the coming into force of the aforesaid Agreement for Argentina, the application of safeguards under the Agreement of 8 July 1982 between Argentina and the IAEA for the application of safeguards in connection with the supply of nuclear material from the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics has been suspended

  4. The text of the agreement of 14 October 1981 between Argentina and the Agency for the application of Safeguards to heavy water supplied from the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1995-01-01

    The Agreement between the Republic of Argentina, the Federative Republic of Brazil, the Brazilian-Argentine Agency for Accounting and Control of Nuclear Materials and the International Atomic Energy Agency for the Application of Safeguards came into force on 4 March 1994. As a result of the coming into force of the aforesaid Agreement for Argentina, the application of safeguards under the Agreement of 14 October 1981 between Argentina and the IAEA for the application of safeguards to heavy water supplied from the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics has been suspended

  5. Report to the Republica Oriental del Uruguay government

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Saad, S.

    1984-01-01

    This report evaluates the works of exploration of Uranium executed in the Oriental Republic of the Uruguay in the period between 1949 and 1983, with the application of geophysical, geochemical and geological methods. There was analyzed all the information relating to the works of own execution or across agreements with companies or foreign organizations. This evaluation includes visits to the principal radioactive indications, including those of the basin Paleozoic and of the Pre cambric of La Calera

  6. A concepção de politecnia em Moçambique: contradições de um discurso socialista (1983-1992 The idea of polytechnicalism in Mozambique: contradictions of a socialist discourse (1983-1992

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    António Cipriano Parafino Gonçalves

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available O trabalho analisa a fundamentação do conceito de politecnia na educação moçambicana, de acordo com o projeto político proposto pela Frente de Libertação de Moçambique (Frelimo, que preconizava a instauração de uma sociedade socialista nesse país. Definida nos documentos oficiais como tradução do princípio pedagógico de ligação entre a teoria e a prática, entre a escola e o trabalho, a politecnia deveria permear todo o processo de formação escolar e visava propiciar aos alunos bases para compreender a realidade, assimilar o conhecimento científico e transformar a natureza e a sociedade. Metodologicamente, foi realizada uma pesquisa teórica, revisando a bibliografia sobre o surgimento do conceito de politecnia, o entendimento deste em Marx, Lênin e no movimento operário russo. Também foram consultados documentos oficiais, artigos, livros e resultados de pesquisas sobre a educação socialista moçambicana que focassem o propósito da pesquisa. Empiricamente, realizaram-se entrevistas com intelectuais que estiveram envolvidos com a educação moçambicana no período recortado (1983-1992, na cidade de Maputo, entre janeiro e março de 2005. Da análise de dados e do conteúdo das entrevistas, conclui-se, primeiro, que existe uma diferença na fundamentação da concepção de educação politécnica na proposta pedagógica de Moçambique em relação às propostas sejam de Marx e Lênin. Segundo, que o entendimento do conceito de politecnia em Moçambique foi limitado e que o discurso socialista que acompanhou a educação moçambicana foi contraditório.The work analyzes the grounding of the concept of polytechnicalism in Mozambican education, according to the political project proposed by the Mozambican Liberation Front (FRELIMO, which defended the establishment of a socialist nation in that country. Defined in the official documents as a translation of the pedagogical principle of the connection between theory and

  7. “准心理学自利主义”与社会主义市场经济%"Must psychology from the socialist" and socialist market economy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐美丽; 张保和

    2012-01-01

    Combining contemporary normative ethical theory,western classical market economics theory and marxism theory,we can do a basic conclusion on the hypothesis of human nature at this stage: people are more likely to take the time to act for their own interests rather than the interests of others,I call it 'quasi-psychological self-serving doctrine.' This hypothesis of human nature is the psychological characteristics of a assuming fact,rather than the ethics of self-interest advocates.This hypothesis of human nature has a similarity with Adam Smith's 'invisible hand',it also has a consistency with Marxist discussion of socialist relations between the individual and society,but it is not extreme egoism,it can limit the development of personal interests,it is both efficient and promote fair and reflects the assumption of human nature.The development of Socialist Market Economy is based on this real course,China's Socialist Market Economy is also consistent with the combination of Scientific Socialism between this human nature 'invisible hand' and 'visible hand'.%结合当代西方规范伦理学理论、古典经济学的市场经济理论和马克思主义理论,对现阶段的人性假设做一个基本判断:人们在采取行动的时候更容易为自己的利益而不是为他人利益所打动,笔者把它称作"准心理学自利主义"。这种人性假设是对人的心理特征的一种事实假定,而非主张利己主义的伦理规范。这种人性假设与亚当.斯密的"无形之手"具有相似性,与马克思关于社会主义个人与社会关系论述也具有一致性,但它不是极端的利己主义,而是有限制地发展个人利益,是既体现效率又倡导公正的人性假设。它是我们制定社会主义市场经济的实然基础,我国的社会主义市场经济是符合这种人性的"无形之手"和"有形之手"有机结合的科学社会主义。

  8. 社会主义核心价值体系融入医学生医德教育的对策研究%Countermeasures Study on Integrating Socialist Core Values System with Medical Ethics Education in Medical Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈翔

    2012-01-01

    The content of medical ethics education is not only the knowledge transmission of doctor ethical standards, also including professional idea, career vision, occupational spirit and professional morality and other aspects of morality education system. At present, the shortage of medical ethics education is shown as: emphasis on form but not on content; emphasis on theory but not on practice; emphasis on words but not on deeds. Socialist core value system can be used to lead medical ethics education, which calls for improving medical education platform construction, improving the medical ethics education content construction, reforming education teaching means in medical students' ethical education, strengthening the teacher team construction of medical ethics education.%医德教育的内容不仅仅是医生道德规范知识的传播,还包括从业理念、从业理想、从业精神以及从业道德观等多方面的系统教育.目前医德教育的不足主要表现为:重形式,轻内容;重理论,轻实践;重言传,轻身教.以社会主义核心价值体系引领医德教育,应该完善医学生医德教育内容、健全医学生医德教育平台、改革医学生医德教育教学手段、加强医学生医德教育师资队伍建设.

  9. 社会主义新农村建设与乡镇政府职能转变%New Socialist Countryside and Townships in the Transformation of Government Functions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    连儒来

    2011-01-01

    Fifth plenary session of the proposed the construction socialism new countryside important strategic decision. The township government as the most grassroots power organizations and its role play and socialistic new countryside construction to achieve the goal of joys and sorrows is relevant, relates directly to the rural stability and development. As the reform of rural taxes, rural China has entered the era of tax, the traditional villages and towns after the function of the government has not adapt to the needs of the development of the situation. 2008 former township organization reform and not radically solve this problem, we must conform to the new rural construction of the new situation and new tasks reorientation its functions, change the government function, form honesty and high efficiency, transparency, behavior standards, the agency streamlined a service -oriented township governments.%党的十六届五中全会提出了建设社会主义新农村的重大战略决策。乡镇政府作为最基层政权组织,其职能作用的发挥与社会主义新农村建设目标的实现休戚相关,直接关系到农村的稳定和发展。随着农村税费改革,中国农村已进入后农业税时代,传统乡镇政府的职能已经不适应形势发展的需要。2008年以前的乡镇机构改革并没有从根本上解决这个问题,我们必须顺应新农村建设的新形势、新任务,对其职能进行重新定位,转变乡镇政府职能,建立廉洁高效、公开透明、行为规范、机构精简的服务型的乡镇政府。

  10. Atom for peace in the socialist countries

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Panasenkov, A.F.

    1979-01-01

    In general terms presented are the achievements of the Council of Mutual Economic Assistance (CMEA) countries in the sphere of nuclear science and technology. The activities of the Joint Institute of Nuclear Research in Dubna and the CMEA Commission on peaceful Use of Nuclear power are described. Works on the development and construction of plants with the WWER-1000 reactor are under completion, the BN-1600 fast reactor technical project is under way. The CMEA countries energy program and their cooperation in this field are presented in short. The directions of studies on the radioactive waste reprocessing and desposal are described. The work of International Economic Union (the ''Interinstrument''), created with the aim of specialization and cooperation on the CMEA countries in the field of nuclear instrument-industry is presented

  11. Rethinking Educational Purpose: The Socialist Challenge

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malott, Curry

    2012-01-01

    In this essay Malott makes a case for a Marxist reading of education's role in expanding and reproducing capitalist societies. In the process he challenges the proposition that cognitive capitalism has fundamentally transformed the way in which capitalism operates. That is, rather than being guided by an internal capitalist logic, proponents of…

  12. Competitiveness of chinese socialist market economy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Henry Ernesto Turner Barragán

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The article analyzes the dynamics held by the Chinese economy becomes, since it happened to be a communist to a capitalist economy and social market economy. Being in the latter, in which the country achieved high rates of economic growth, and improve their competitiveness pillars, generating higher growth prospects in the economy and the income of the society.

  13. Participation in a post-socialist society

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eskemose Andersen, Jørgen

    2004-01-01

    Urban development and urban planning in a society like the Mozambican under transformation from a centrally planned society to a market oriented democracy. The transition from a one party state to a multiparty state involving participation of the population is a lengthy process with many obstacles...

  14. Health Care Reform: a Socialist Vision

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martha Livingston

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available At first glance, it doesn't seem as though socialism and health-care reform have a whole lot to do with each other. After all, the most visible "left" position in the current discussion of health-care reform merely advocates for the government to assume the function of national insurer, leaving the delivery of health care - from its often-questionable content to its hierarchical relationships - firmly in place. As such, a single payer, Medicare-for-All insurance program is a modest, even tepid reform. Those of us on the left who have been active in the single payer movement have always seen it as a steppingstone toward health-care justice: until the question of access to care is solved, how do we even begin to address not only health care but also health inequities? How, for example, can working-class Americans, Americans of color, and women demand appropriate, respectful, humane, first-rate care when our ability to access any health-care services at all is so tightly constrained?

  15. Report to the Republica Oriental del Uruguay government[Study of uranium prospection in Uruguay]; Informe al gobierno de la Republica Oriental del Uruguay

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Saad, S

    1984-07-01

    This report evaluates the works of exploration of Uranium executed in the Oriental Republic of the Uruguay in the period between 1949 and 1983, with the application of geophysical, geochemical and geological methods. There was analyzed all the information relating to the works of own execution or across agreements with companies or foreign organizations. This evaluation includes visits to the principal radioactive indications, including those of the basin Paleozoic and of the Pre cambric of La Calera.

  16. CespIH®, una Organización Socialista de Base Tecnológica incubada en la Educación Superior cubana CespIH®, a Socialist Technology-Based Organization incubated in Cuban Higher Education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. A Hernández

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available El nuevo modelo universitario cubano debe poseer una capacidad para producir, difundir y aplicar conocimientos, la cual puede ser fomentada mediante la creación y desarrollo de organizaciones socialistas de base tecnológica (OSBT, por lo que es necesaria la sistematización de experiencias en este proceso. En este artículo se ofrece la definición de las OSBT, así como las premisas, principios y características que deben cumplir. Una de estas OSBT es el Programa de Servicios de Encespado CespIH®, creada a partir del año 2000 en la EEPF «Indio Hatuey» con el objetivo de brindar servicios de encespado de alta calidad, un ejemplo exitoso de cómo hacer ciencia, tecnología e innovación en nuestras condiciones. Se describen las características de CespIH®, su proceso de creación y desarrollo mediante un modelo y sus procedimientos asociados, la producción académica y de innovaciones, la formación del capital humano, la articulación nacional e internacional, los obstáculos vencidos y los resultados tangibles e intangibles obtenidos. Se concluye que la creación y el desarrollo de OSBT constituye una vía alternativa para que la nueva universidad cubana pueda desarrollar su capacidad de producir, difundir y aplicar los conocimientos, lo cual contribuye al desarrollo socioeconómico del país.The new Cuban university model must have capacity for producing, disseminating and applying knowledge, which should be enhanced by the creation and development of socialist technology-based organizations (STBO, for which the systematization of experiences in this process is necessary. This work provides a definition of STBOs, as well as the premises, principles and characteristics they must fulfill. One of these STBOs is the Program of Turfing Services CespIH®, created since 2000 at the EEPF «Indio Hatuey», with the objective of offering high quality turfing services, a successful example on how to make science, technology and innovate under

  17. ASPECTE PRIVIND AUDITUL PERFORMANŢEI ÎN REPUBLICA MOLDOVA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iulia CAPRIAN

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Auditul performanţei se concentrează pe determinarea faptului dacă activităţile, proiectele / programele / procesele se desfăşoară conform principiilor economicităţii, eficienţei şi eficacităţii şi dacă mai este loc pentru îmbunătăţiri. Acesta se realizează prin compararea performanţei în funcţie de setul de criterii prestabilite, precum şi prin analiza cauzelor ce determină apariţia problemelor sau devierilor de la aceste criterii, scopul principal fiind de a răspunde unor întrebări-cheie ale auditului şi de a furniza recomandări cu privire la îmbunătăţirile care se pot face.CERTAIN ASPECTS OF PERFORMANCE AUDIT IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVAPerformance auditing focuses on determining whether the activities, projects / programs / processes are conducted according to the principles of economy, efficiency and effectiveness and whether there is room for improvement; it is conducted by comparing performance on the basis of set criteria, as well as by analysis of the causes of the emergence of problems or deviations from these criteria, the main purpose being to answer certain key questions relevant for the audit and provide recommendations on improvements that can be made.

  18. Regional characterization of suspected land Punta del Este ( east of the Republica Oriental del Uruguay )

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Preciozzi, F.; Sanchez Bettucci, L.; Oyhantcabal, P.; Pecoits, E.; Aubet, N.; Peel, E.; Basei, M.

    2003-01-01

    Field Suspect Punta del Este (TSPE) is located in the easternmost portion of Uruguay (Figure 1). This is bounded to the west by Shear Zone Punta del Este-Cordillera (Masquelin, 1990; Preciozzi et al., 1999; 2002), while the east with Rocha makes Formation (Hasui et al, 1975;.. Sanchez-Bettucci and Mezzano, 1993). The TSPE is represented by gneisses and Migmatites formed in the range of 1100 and 630 Ma (Preciozzi et al, in prep.) and have been intensively reworked during Rio Doce orogeny (ca. 600 Ma). Field Suspect Punta del Este (TSPE) is separated from the Neoproterozoic granitoids or granitoids by central Shear Zone Punta del Este-Cordillera represented by a thin strip of mylonite s and gneisses mylonitic able to anatexis. Granitoids are sub alkaline trend throughout of this guideline. The mylonitic foliation has a general direction between N15ºE and N40ºE with sub vertical slope where development ductile quartz and muscovite bands observed (Figure 2). The base of TSPE consists essentially of porphyritic granitoids deformed with biotite and muscovite, and ortho gneisses oftalmíticos granitoids, showing an attenuation of that reaching isotropic deformation terms. From studies in zircons from a sample of ortho gneisses (UCUR 03) by U / Pb conventional and SHRIMP ages of 753 ± 14 Ma for the edge obtained (consistent with the conventional age) and 1000 Ma for zircon center. This has allowed us to recognize in the protoliths one Grenvillian heritage in this area, preserved during crustal melting processes. Also, new U / Pb (Preciozzi et al., In prep.) Data show a orogénesis penicontemporánea to the Brasiliano cycle would be responsible for most of the generation of the rocks that make up the TSPE

  19. "Republica de Kubros": Transgression and Collusion in Greek-Cypriot Adolescents' Classroom Silly-Talk

    Science.gov (United States)

    Charalambous, Constadina

    2012-01-01

    This paper focuses on seemingly "silly" talk, whispered by Greek-Cypriot students during Turkish-language classes. Taking into account the history of violent conflict between the Greek-Cypriot and Turkish-Cypriot communities, Turkish-language learners' silly-talk emerges as an interactional space that refracts larger discourses and…

  20. Superficial deposits in northeast flank of Sierras Australes (Provincia de Buenos Aires, Republica Argentina)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gentile, R.; Fucks, E.; De Francesco, F.

    2004-01-01

    Pleistocene and Holocene superficial deposits, which have been recognized in an area of 1500 km2 in the northeast flank of Sierras Australes, are characterized. In divide they are underlain by silts and siltstone which are called Sediments Pampeanas. There, a lower sequence, consisting mainly of aeolian sediments (loess) with scarce fluvial deposits and diamictons, was recognized. In some places an upper sequence that is product of aeolian and anthropogenic activity, was also recognized. In the valley sequences, the loess deposits can not only be underlain by fluvial sediments but can also overlain them. The more recent fluvial deposits which have eroded loess sequences are of the post conquest age [es

  1. CONSERVACION y UTILIZACION DE LAS LADERAS EN TAIWAN, REPUBLICA DE CHINA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Huei- Long Wu

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Taiwán, con recursos de tierras limitados, ha hecho muchos esfuerzos para el desarrollo de las laderas, que ocupan el 27 % del área total. La conservación y uso de las laderas tiene que ser tratado con mucho cuidado debido a que condiciones naturales desfavorables y actividades impropias en el uso de las tierras crean, frecuentemente, serios problemas de erosión. Dirigidos a resolver los problemas de erosión y con el propósito de promocionar el uso adecuado de las tierras, se han planeado y se han llevado a cabo, sistemáticamente, una serie de programas de investigación e implementación por agencias preocupadas en ese problema desde 1952. Este articulo está dirigido a examinar los problemas asociados con la conservación y uso de las laderas y a hacer una revisión, planeamiento e investigación en conservación de suelos en Taiwán. La implementación del programa integrado de conservación y uso del suelo, también se resume.

  2. The anticline presence in The Salinas zone, Burruyacu department, Tucuman, Republica Argentina

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bortolotti, P; Falcon, C. Universidad Nacional de Tucuman. Argentina

    2010-01-01

    This paper is about the use of aerial photographs to determine the existence of surface structures recently evidenced by the masking produced by deforestation, soil movement and agriculture, in a foothill region of the Tucuman province. The photo geological observations were confirmed by geological and structural determinations of surface, showing the presence of an anticline with the core surrounded by the stratums as well as easily recognizable by their different colors and apparent thickness. The photographs and satellite images highlights the fractionation of the complex wi ch affects the Tertiary (Pliocene) and Quaternary (Pleistocene) sediments period

  3. Counseling in the Republica Bolivariana de Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Montilla, R. Esteban; Smith, Robert L.

    2009-01-01

    Counseling is an emerging profession in Latin America that offers people an opportunity to voice pain, exercise power, authentically connect with others, and experience healing within the community. Counseling reflects collaborative efforts between consultant and consultee who come together to reach mutual healing and growth through the use of…

  4. Educar campesinos y formar ciudadanos en Colombia durante la republica liberal (1930-1946

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Alarcón Meneses

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available A pesar de las diversas vicisitudes que debieron afrontar los gobiernos colombianos de principios del siglo XX, estos intentaron generar un proceso de modernización que abarcara tanto a la ciudad como al mundo rural. Dicha iniciativa pasaba necesariamente por darle continuidad al proceso de formación de ciudadanía, iniciado en el siglo XIX. Para ello, ensayaron una serie de acciones y de programas educativos dirigidos a la población rural y con los cuales se pretendía fomentar nuevas prácticas agrícolas, generar nuevos hábitos sociales y una cultura ciudadana que permitiera salir del ostracismo en el cual se encontraba gran parte de la población colombiana. Pero este tipo de acciones debió enfrentarse con la debilidad del Estado para llevar a cabo las políticas de modernización educativa, así como con el peso de la tradición, aún presente en el imaginario de la sociedad campesina, y con la fuerte oposición y el rechazo de los grandes propietarios, políticos locales y de la Iglesia, que veían en esas propuestas un desafío que ponía en peligro el control y el poder que ellos ejercían sobre la población rural.

  5. Geology and petrography of the Socoscora Sierra . Province of San Luis. Republica Argentina

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Carugno Duran, A.

    1998-01-01

    The following paper include an study geological and petrographic of the Sierra de Socoscora. San Luis, Argentina. This mountainas is a block with less elevation that the Sierra de San Luis, and it located in the west center of it. It' s formed by an crystalline basement composed by metamorphic haigh grade rocks, with a penetrative foliation of strike N-S. in this context is possible to define petrographicly the following units, migmatitic that fill a big part of the mountain, amphibolites, marbles, skarns, milonites and pegmatites. This units have amphibolitic facies assemblanges mineral and in some them, we can observe retrograde metamorphism of the greesnschist facies. The metamorphic structure is complex and evidence at least three deformation event

  6. Grenvillean sutures zones in the northern portion of the Cuyania terrane, Republica Argentina. geophysical evidence

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chernicoff, C.; Vujovich, G.

    2004-01-01

    In the northern portion of the Cuyania terrane there is geophysical evidence for the ocurrence of two ancient WNW suture zones, corresponding to the Guandacol and Vinchina lineaments. The location of these sutures is consistent with analogous structures in Laurentia, in the Ouachita embayment region, where the Grenvillean orogen trends WNW. It is argued that the WNW transform faults pertaining to the Ouachita rift would have developed as a result of a reactivation of compressional structures of identical orientation associated to the accretion of Grenvillean terranes. The Guandacol and Vinchina lineaments would have been in physical continuity with analogous megastructures in the Ouachita embayment region, and they both would have originated as compressional structures, later reactivated as transcurrent fault zones during the late Proterozoic early Paleozoic. The interpretation of the Guandacol and Vinchina lineaments as Grenvillean suture zones would add more complexity to the Cuyania terrane, with respect to what has been described up to now; they could precede the amalgamation of the Pie de Palo and Precordillera terranes (constituents of the Cuyania composite terrane) [es

  7. Del Puntofijisimo a la Quinta Republica: elecciones y democracia en Venezuela.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miriam Kornblith.

    2003-07-01

    Full Text Available The primary objective of this article is to demonstrate that political stability in Venezuela depends upon the relationship between collective political preferences and the decisions made by elected officials. The author analyzes electoral patterns in the country between 1989 and 2000, in order to evaluate the effects of the Punto Fijo Pact, created in 1958, the reasons for President Hugo Chávez’s political strengthening, and his efforts to “recreate the republic”.

  8. PIAŢA OBLIGAŢIUNILOR ÎN REPUBLICA MOLDOVA. TENDINŢE DE DEZVOLTARE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrei MULIC

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Obligaţiunea este un titlu de valoare care atestă calitatea de creditor a deţinătorului ei faţă de emitent, emitentul obli­gându-se să plătească deţinătorului obligaţiunii o sumă anuală fixă, numită cuponul obligaţiunii, pe întreaga perioadă de valabilitate a acesteia. Obligaţiunea este un înscris emis de o întreprindere care are nevoie de finanţare, pe baza căruia aceasta obţine un împrumut. Firma care emite obligaţiunea se numeşte debitor, iar cea care o deţine se numeşte credi­tor (acesta oferă un împrumut. Obligaţiunile sunt active financiare cu dobândă fixă. Piaţa obligaţiunilor este constituită în majoritate din obligaţiuni cu o rată fixă a dobânzii.THE BOND MARKET IN MOLDOVA. DEVELOPMENT TRENDSBond is a security certifying its holder as a creditor to the issuer, the issuer is forcing bondholder them pay a fixed annual fee, called coupon bond throughout the period of validity. Bond is a document issued by a company that needs financing, on which it obtains a loan. The company issuing the bond is called debtor and the creditor who has called (it provides a loan. The bonds are financial assets with fixed interest. The bond market consists mostly of bonds with a fixed interest rate. 

  9. The uranium works prospection developed since 1976 in the Republica Oriental del Uruguay

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1979-01-01

    In this report there are described the works of exploration of uranium developed in the Oriental Republic of the Uruguay from 1976.Then do the precedents and of an analysis of the big zones. Dates structural that compose the geology of the Uruguay, describe the works carried out in general exploration, towards the North-East of the country and of detail in the same zone: Districts Long Hill South and The Canes. Finally, a series of considerations are carried out on the perspectives of uranium in the Uruguay, in relation by the sedimentary areas: Devonian (formation Cerrezuelo) and Gondwana (formation San Gregorio and Three Islands) and, on the crystalline areas, of the center, southwest and this one

  10. Investigation of the changes and path of the public identity of socialist core value in the new media era%新媒体时代促进社会主义核心价值观民众认同的探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹挹芬; 曾长秋

    2014-01-01

    The environment of the socialist core value identity in new media era is the combination of real world and virtual world. The object of the identity is the information from monopoly by the state to the diversity on the Internet. The method of the identity has changed from inculcating theory systematically by the outside world to reading selective fragmented knowledge actively by the users. The medium of the identity has changed from uniqueness homogeneity to diversity demassification. We should study and follow the rules of the identity in the new media age, strengthen the cohesion of the socialist core values’ content, perform the media function and optimize the environment of identity.%新媒体时代社会主义核心价值观认同环境由现实世界转向现实世界与虚拟世界的结合,认同客体信息源由国家信息垄断到网络信息多元,认同主体的认同方式由外界灌输系统学习为主到自我选择碎片阅读为主,认同载体也由主导载体的唯一性同质化到多样性分众化。要促进社会主义核心价值观的民众认同,必须研究并遵循新媒体时代认同主体对社会主义核心价值观的认同规律,强化新媒体时代认同客体社会主义核心价值观内容的凝聚力,发挥新媒体时代社会主义核心价值观认同载体的功能,优化新媒体时代社会主义核心价值观认同的环境。

  11. A welcoming policy in post-socialist East Germany

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Steigemann

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Apparently, East European countries are less willing to accept refugees than other European countries. Their experience of ethnic and cultural diversity is weak and a genuine welcome has still to be developed.

  12. FAR RIGHT RADICALIZATION AND SOCIALIST RADICALIZATION IN INTERWAR ROMANIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    IONUŢ BUTOI

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available In his comments on Mircea Vulcănescu. O microistorie a interbelicului românesc (Eikon, 2015, Emanuel Copilaş states that, regarding the cause of the far right radicalization manifested in the interwar Romania, I share the same historical explanation about fascism as Ernst Nolte. In this concise answer, I explain why this is an unsuitable comparison by summarizing the historiographical perspective I use in the cited volume. Nevertheless, Copilaş’s comments are reopening a debate about how to explain the Romanian fascism

  13. Imagining Nuclear Future in Socialist Poland. Plans and Dreams

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Kůželová, Michaela

    2017-01-01

    Roč. 62, č. 2 (2017), s. 35-54 ISSN 0023-589X R&D Projects: GA ČR GA15-04902S Institutional support: RVO:68378114 Keywords : Poland * Czechoslovakia * nuclear energy Subject RIV: AB - History OBOR OECD: History (history of science and technology to be 6.3, history of specific sciences to be under the respective headings)

  14. 2. J Oladosu Revisiting Africa's Socialist Past to Design Africa's ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    REGINALDS

    to a Yoruba adage, a i se deede araye ni i muni ranti araorun (“frustration with the ..... Prolonged unemployment and urban destitution were therefore virtually .... either in the private sector or, better still, outside our shores. ... measures to be adopted may include prohibiting public officials from operating foreign bank.

  15. National Socialist Ideology: Impact on Strategy and Operational Art

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-15

    beliefs. These beliefs involved extreme nationalism, exclusion of undesirable races from the völk, racial anti- Semitism, paternalism , militarism, and... authoritarian government complying with the General Staffs military supremacy.52 Hitler and many of his party lieutenants viewed Total War as the

  16. Mass Schooling for Socialist Transformation in Cuba and Venezuela

    Science.gov (United States)

    Griffiths, Tom G.; Williams, Jo

    2009-01-01

    In contemporary contexts of Education for All and emphases on national educational performance, mass education globally continues to be strongly informed by human capital thinking, and by notions of developing future world citizens and workers for the international economy. In this paper, our central focus is on the ongoing educational project of…

  17. Treatment of bastnaesite ore from Vietnamese Socialist Republic

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Formanek, J.; Jerabek, J.; Jancarek, J.

    1987-01-01

    From the Vietnamese deposit at Nam Nam Xe Czechoslovakia imported several hundred tons of ore. Several methods of ore dressing were used: gravitational, preconcentration in electromagnetic field, magnetic separation, high-intesity electromagnetic separation. Flotation evidently was the best dressing method tried. The results are presented of testing using different flotation agents. (E.S.)

  18. Spanish Defense Policy under the Socialist Government 1982-1990

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-12-01

    first three years of his term read, Fernando Mordn, Una Politica Exterior Para Espaha (Barcelona: Editorial Planeta , 1980). 25 ideal solution was to...Exterior para Espafia. Barcelona: Editorial Planeta , 1980. Moxon-Browne, Edward. Political Change in Spain. New York: Routledge, 1989. Nugent, Neill. The

  19. The uranium works prospection developed since 1976 in the Republica Oriental del Uruguay[Geochemical prospection of Uranium in Uruguay]; Los trabajos de prospeccion de uranio desarrollados a partir de 1976 en la Republica Oriental del Uruguay

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1979-07-01

    In this report there are described the works of exploration of uranium developed in the Oriental Republic of the Uruguay from 1976.Then do the precedents and of an analysis of the big zones. Dates structural that compose the geology of the Uruguay, describe the works carried out in general exploration, towards the North-East of the country and of detail in the same zone: Districts Long Hill South and The Canes. Finally, a series of considerations are carried out on the perspectives of uranium in the Uruguay, in relation by the sedimentary areas: Devonian (formation Cerrezuelo) and Gondwana (formation San Gregorio and Three Islands) and, on the crystalline areas, of the center, southwest and this one.

  20. Panorama de la familia Asteraceae (= Compositae en la Republica Argentina An overview of the plant family Asteraceae ( = Compositae in Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liliana Katinas

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available Se presenta un panorama de la familia Asteraceae en la República Argentina , que incluye una breve historia taxonómica, datos numéricos de tribus, géneros y especies, ejemplos de endemismos y daptaciones ecológicas y una reseña sobre la hipótesis del origen de la familia en Patagonia. En la Argentina, las asteráceas representan la familia más numerosa con 227 géneros (cinco son endémicos y ca. 1400 especies (92 son adventicias y 382 son endémicas. En términos de taxones nativos, se hallan representadas en nuestro país todas las tribus de Asteraceae excepto Inuleae (sensu Bremer. Las tribus Arctoteae y Calenduleae están representadas por taxones adventicios exclusivamente y Cardueae posee sólo una especie nativa. Barnadesieae y Mutisieae son las únicas tribus con géneros endémicos de Argentina y también presentan el porcentaje más alto de géneros y especies en el país en comparación con el resto de las tribus. El mayor número de especies nativas, endémicas y no endémicas, se da en las provincias fitogeográficas Altoandina y Patagónica. La tribu más representada en número de géneros es Heliantheae, y en número de especies nativas es Senecioneae.An overview of the family Asteraceae in Argentina that includes a brief taxonomic history, numerical data of tribes, genera and species, examples of endemisms and ecological adaptations, and a discussion on the hypothesis on the origin of the family in Patagonia is given. Asteraceae is the most numerous family in Argentina , with 227 genera (five are endemic and ca. 1400 species (92 are adventitious and 382 are endemic. In relation to the native taxa, all tribes of Asteraceae occur in Argentina excepting Inuleae (sensu Bremer. Tribes Arctoteae and Calenduleae are represented exclusively by adventitious taxa, and Cardueae has only one native species. Barnadesieae and Mutisieae are the only tribes with endemic genera in Argentina and they also present the highest percentage of genera and species occurring in the country when compared with the rest of the tribes. The highest number of native species occurs in the Altoandean and Patagonian phytogeographic provinces. The most represented tribe in number of genera is Heliantheae, and in number of species is the tribe Senecioneae.

  1. Academic education and training in Medical Physics in Argentina; Formacion academica y entrenamiento en Fisica Medica en la Republica Argentina

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mairal, L., E-mail: lmairal@mevaterapia.com.ar, E-mail: lmairal@gmail.com [Mevaterapia Centro Medico S.A., Buenos Aires (Argentina); Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Buenos Aires (Argentina); Ruggeri, R. [Mevaterapia Centro Medico S.A., Buenos Aires (Argentina); Sansogne, R.; Salinas, F., E-mail: rosana.sansogne@rtp.com.ar [Vidt Centro Medico, Buenos Aires (Argentina); Brunetto, M., E-mail: monica.brunetto@dfunes.com.ar [Centro Medico Dean Funes, Cordoba (Argentina); Valda, A., E-mail: valda@tandar.cnea.gov.ar [Universidad Nacional de San Martin, Buenos Aires (Argentina); Sanz, D., E-mail: dsanz@fuesmen.edu.ar [Fundacion Escuela Medicina Nuclear (FUESMEN), Mendoza (Argentina); Velez, G., E-mail: grvelez@gmail.com [Hospital Oncologico, Cordoba (Argentina); Stefanic, A., E-mail: stefanic@cae.cnea.gov.ar [Comision Nacional de Energia Atomica (CNEA), Buenos Aires (Argentina); Bourel, V., E-mail: vbourel@me.com [Universidad Favaloro, Buenos Aires (Argentina)

    2013-07-01

    This work describes the current offer for academic and clinical training in medical physics in Argentina; as well as the specific requirements for professional licensing in some specializations, known as individual national license. Reference is made to current local legislation, highlighting the fact that diagnostic radiology does not include the requirement of medical physicist’s compulsory advice. Thus, the labor supply is negligible in this area, to the detriment of the quality of this practice, mainly in terms of radiation protection for patients. Additionally, it is important to highlight the absence of the legal definition of a medical physicist as a health professional in the structure of Health Ministries, which increases disadvantages to those who practice this discipline in public health institutions. Finally, it is noted the absence of doctoral programs in medical physics and its impact on research, development and teaching. (author)

  2. K-Ar ages of rocks from Lago Alumine, Rucachoroi and Quillen, North Patagonian Andes, Neuquen, Republica Argentina

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Latorre, Carlos O.; Vattuone, M.E; Linares, Enrique; Leal, Pablo R

    2001-01-01

    This study presents new K-Ar ages of granitic rocks from the Patagonian Batholit in the North Patagonian Andes (38 o 00'- 39 o 30' SL), from localities near Alumine lake and from Norquinco lake to Quillen valley, in the Neuquen Province, Argentine. The granitic rocks of Patagonia had been recognized as Upper Paleozoic to Middle Jurassic batholits and as Late Jurassic to Tertiary batholiths (Rapela and Pankhurst, 1992). Geochronologically, Rapela and Kay (1988) had distinguished Early Cretaceous (140 to 120 Ma) and Late Cretaceous (110 to 75 Ma ) magmatic episodes based in potassium-argon data. For the granitic rocks of the area of Paso Icalma, Moquehue and the Rahue granodiorites, Cingolani et al. (1991) presented Rb-Sr whole rock isochron ages of 70±10 Ma, 209±13 Ma and 237±37 Ma, respectively, and Varela et al. (1994), with the same method, cited an age of 285±5 Ma for the Rahue granodiorites and diorites (au)

  3. Architectonic strategies for sub-climates for the Mexican Republic; Estrategias arquitectonicas por subclimas para la republica mexicana

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Buerba, Carmen; Tellez, Carolina; Perez Muzquiz, Erika; Perez Acuna, Claudia Jimena; Gomez Pamatz, Pilar; Lopez Leon, Javier; Magdaleno, Rafael; Bolanos, Victor Hugo; Alfaro Quintero, Estefania; Hernandez, Ivan [Universidad Michoacana, Facultad de Arquitectura (Mexico)

    2009-07-01

    In Mexico does not exist guides of bio-climatic design whose reading and interpretation be so simple that any architect or professional of the construction without experience in the bio-climatic area, can use when designing or remaking suitable a construction. A group formed by ten professors (project coauthors) of the Faculty of Architecture of the Universidad Michoacana have undertaken the task of making tables, with profuse graphical material, for each one of the main sub climates of our country, with respect to their economic and urban importance. The selection of the sub climates was done taking into account that they are those that are present in the capital cities and other cities of high urban importance. Basically each one of the tables contains: description of the sub climate and its location by climatic region, relevant physical-geographic aspects, excellent climatic conditions, strategically bio-climatic to use, proposed strategies of design from the solar and Aeolian axes (direction and location of spaces and openings, materials and constructive systems, solar and Aeolian control system). The present work is part of a book on bio-climatic design for architecture in Mexico of proximate publication, that will contain, divided according to the 10 proposed climatic regions by the Instituto de Geografia of the UNAM, folders with the sub climates that are presented in each one of the 10 climatic regions, and in each of them, tables with the different selected cities. [Spanish] En Mexico no existen guias de diseno bioclimatico cuya lectura e interpretacion sea tan sencilla que cualquier arquitecto o profesionista de la construccion sin experiencia en el area bioclimatica, puede utilizar al disenar o readecuar una edificacion. Un grupo formado por diez profesores (coautores del proyecto) de la Facultad de Arquitectura de la Universidad Michoacana nos hemos dado a la tarea de hacer unas tablas, con profuso material grafico, para cada uno de los principales subclimas de nuestro pais, respecto de su importancia economica y urbana. La seleccion de los subclimas se hizo tomando en cuenta que son los que se presentan en las ciudades capitales y en otras ciudades de alta importancia urbana. Basicamente cada una de las tablas contiene: Descripcion del subclima y su ubicacion por region climatica, aspectos fisico-geograficos relevantes, condiciones climaticos relevantes, estrategias bioclimaticas a utilizar, propuestas de diseno a partir de los ejes solar y eolico (orientacion y ubicacion de espacios y aberturas, materiales y sistemas constructivos, sistema de control solar y eolico). El presente trabajo es parte de un libro sobre diseno bioclimatico para arquitectura en Mexico de proxima publicacion, que contendra, divididas segun las 10 regiones climaticas propuestas por el Instituto de Geografia de la UNAM1, carpetas con los sublimas que se presenten en cada una de las 10 regiones climatica, y en cada una de ellas, tablas con las distintas ciudades seleccionadas.

  4. Pobreza y desempeño ejecutivo en alumnos preescolares de la ciudad de Buenos Aires (Republica Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sebastián Javier Lipina

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available El estudio de los efectos de la pobreza sobre el desempeño cognitivo durante las primeras fases del desarrollo, ha sido efectuado predominantemente en base a la definición de pobreza según el ingreso y el uso de paradigmas de inteligencia basados en la hipótesis de un factor general de funcionamiento cognitivo. En el presente trabajo se utilizó el concepto de Necesidades Básicas Insatisfechas (NBI como criterio de pobreza y se aplicó un paradigma cognitivo de funcionamiento ejecutivo proveniente de la Neurociencia. El mismo plantea el análisis de componentes de comportamientos inteligentes orientados hacia objetivos y asociados a la activación de circuitos cerebrales que involucran centralmente a la región prefrontal. Se comparó el desempeño ejecutivo de 247 niños escolarizados de 3 a 5 años de edad, provenientes de hogares pobres (NBI y no pobres o con Necesidades Básicas Satisfechas (NBS, y de jardines de infantes del Distrito Escolar 4 de la Ciudad de Buenos Aires (Boca-Barracas y de distritos escolares de Vicente López y San Isidro del Gran Buenos Aires (Argentina. Se administró una batería de pruebas que evalúan componentes de flexibilidad cognitiva, logro de objetivos y control atencional. Los resultados obtenidos muestran perfiles de desempeño diferentes entre ambos grupos. El perfil de desempeño menos eficiente en términos de las variables estudiadas se observó en el grupo de niños proveniente de hogares pobres. Estos resultados constituyen un aporte significativo de un paradigma neurocientífico para la implementación de estrategias de intervención orientadas a estimular el funcionamiento cognitivo de tipo ejecutivo de niños de edad preescolar.

  5. TURISMUL ECOLOGIC ÎN RAIONUL ŞOLDĂNEŞTI, REPUBLICA MOLDOVA: PROBLEME ŞI PERSPECTIVE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tatiana DUDNICENCO

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available În rezultatul investigaţiilor efectuate a fost selectat itinerarul ecoturistic ce include următoarele puncte de vizitare: rezervaţia peisajeră „Climăuţii de Jos”, satul Climăuţii de Jos, comuna Vadul-Raşcov, satul Cuşălăuca, mănăstirea „Cuşălăuca”, rezervaţia peisajeră „Dobruşa” şi mănăstirea „Dobruşa”. Au fost descrise principalele obiecte propuse vizitării de către ecoturişti şi vizitatori, au fost abordate problemele ecologice principale ale acestora, a căror soluţionare ar facilita dezvoltarea ecoturismului atât la nivel naţional, cât şi internaţional. În raionul Şoldăneşti sunt bogate şi reprezen­tative resurse naturale şi antropice ce impulsionează dezvoltarea ecoturismului în Zona de Centru a Republicii Moldova.  ECOLOGICAL TOURISM IN THE SOLDANESTI DISTRICT, REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA: PROBLEMS AND PERSPECTIVESIn the results of these investigations there have been done the ecotourism itineraries: „Climautii de Jos” landscape reserve, Climautii de Jos village, Vadul-Rascov commune, Cusalauca village, „Cusalauca” monastery, „Dobrusa” landscape reserve and „Dobrusa” monastery. It have been described the proposed main objects for visitation by tourists and visitors and have been emphasized its main ecological problems, solving which would boost the development of ecotourism at national and international level. Soldanesti district possesses rich and representative human and natural resources which facilitating the development of eco-tourism in the center region of theMoldovaRepublic. 

  6. Geology and metallogeny of the volcanic complex of Rio Blanco Ullum. Province of San Juan. Republica Argentina

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mendoza, N.; Weidmann, N.; Puigdomenech, H.; Weidmann, R.

    2007-01-01

    Preliminary results of a research carried out at the Complejo Rio Blanco de Ullum, San Juan. Argentina are summarized in the present paper. These studies are focused on geological and metallogenic features o f this unit. The study area is located 20 km. WNW of San Juan city with geographic coordinates of 31grades 30' South latitude and 68 grades 52' West longitude. The older rocks aotcroping in the area correspond to limestones of Ordovician San Juan Formation, the chronologic succession continues with sales and siltstones of Silurian Tambolar Formation, pelites and subgraywackes of Devonian Punta Negra Formation and finally a 1500 m thick package of piroclastics and sediments of Albarracin Formation of Tertiary age. Albarracin Formation is composed pf a Basal Member (sandstones and stilstones), a Tuffaceous Member (tuffs, tuffites and oligomictic breccia s with conglomerate interbed dings in the upper part) and a Conglomeratic Member (polimictic para conglomerates). According to piroclastics facies, relationships and spreading area of piroclastics deposits a c olapsed dome and avalanche model is proposed to be the main process for the piroclastics package outcropping in the area.Sedimentary and piroclastics rocks are intruded by five sub volcanic units as noted by Leveratto (1968) which are composed by different lithologies such as: Altered Da cite - Rhyolite, Ullum Da cite, Cerro Blanco de Zonda Andesite, Ullum Andesite and Hybrid Andesite.Detailed work on alteration assemblages and metallogenic features in the southwestern sector of the Complejo resulted in the identification of three alteration zones with characteric features of potassic, argillic and propyllitic signature. (author)

  7. Impacts of the 2015 heat waves on mortality in the Czech Republic-a comparison with previous heat waves

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Urban, A.; Hanzlíková, Hana; Kyselý, J.; Plavcová, E.

    2017-01-01

    Roč. 14, č. 12 (2017), č. článku 1562. ISSN 1660-4601 Institutional support: RVO:67985530 Keywords : heat-related mortality * heat-wave * excess heat factor * Central Europe Subject RIV: DG - Athmosphere Sciences, Meteorology OBOR OECD: Meteorology and atmospheric sciences Impact factor: 2.101, year: 2016

  8. Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons. Notification of the Entry into Force; Tratado Sobre la no Proliferacion de las Armas Nucleares. Notificacion de la Entrada en Vigor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1970-04-22

    By letters addressed to the Director General on 5, 6 and 20 March 1970 respectively, the Governments of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, the United States of America and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, which are designated as the Depository Governments in Article IX. 2 of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, informed the Agency that the Treaty had entered into force on 5 March 1970 [Spanish] En sus cartas dirigidas al Director General con fecha 5, 6 y 20 de marzo de 1970, respectivamente, el Reino Unido de Gran Bretana e Irlanda del Norte, los Estados Unidos de America y la Union de Republicas Socialistas Sovieticas, designados Gobiernos depositarios en el parrafo 2 del Articulo IX del Tratado sobre la no proliferacion de las armas nucleares, han comunicado al Organismo que dicho Tratado entro en vigor el 5 de marzo de 1970.

  9. Implementation of a General Reform Plan in the Army of the Dominican Republic (IMPLEMENTACI N DE UNA REFORMA INTEGRAL EN EL EJ RCITO DE LA REPUBLICA DOMINICANA)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-13

    CIENCIAS Y ARTES MILITARES Estudios Generales Por TTE.COR. MANUEL A. CARRASCO GUERRERO B.A., Technical University of Santiago-Utesa......otras sinceramente muchas gracias. v TABLA DE CONTENIDO Páginas MAESTRÍA EN CIENCIAS Y ARTES MILITARES PAGINA DE APROBACION DE LA TESIS

  10. National bank of occupational Doses of the Cuba Republic: main results and experiences; Banco Nacional de Dosis ocupacionales de la Republica de Cuba: principales resultados y experiencias

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Valdes Ramos, M.; Prendes Alonso, M.; Tomas Zerquera, J.; Molina Perez, D.; Soler Castro, A., E-mail: zury@cphr.edu.cu [Agencia de Energia Nuclear y Tecnologias de Avanzada (CPHR/AENTA), La Habana (Cuba). Centro de Proteccion e Higiene de las Radiaciones; De la Fuentes Puch, A. [Centro Nacional de Seguridad Nuclear (CNSN), La Habana (Cuba)

    2013-11-01

    The general objective of the development of the National Bank of Dose was to contribute for improving security monitoring in applications, by providing Cuban Regulatory Authority an effective tool to comply with the requirements that the records of individual occupational doses of Cuban workers are retained and available for competent authorities and individuals.

  11. PERSPECTIVELE DEZVOLTĂRII DURABILE A ECOTURISMULUI ÎN REZERVAŢIA PEISAJERĂ „RUDI-ARIONEŞTI”, REPUBLICA MOLDOVA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tatiana DUDNICENCO

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available În rezultatul studiilor realizate a fost elaborat un itinerar ecoturistic al rezervaţiei peisajere „Rudi-Arioneşti”, care este reprezentativ şi accesibil ecoturiştilor, şi anume: mănăstirea „Rudi”, cetăţuia romană „La trei cruci”, aşezarea medie­vală „Farfuria turcului”, peştera „Răposaţilor”, cetăţuia de origine tracică „La şanţuri”, „Valea Bradului”, „Izvorul Verde”. Au fost descrise principalele puncte de vizitare din cadrul itinerarului selectat. Au fost abordate problemele ecologice ale rezervaţiei peisajere „Rudi-Arioneşti” ce reprezintă una dintre destinaţiile de bază ale traseelor ecoturistice din raioa­nele Donduşeni şi Soroca, precum şi propuse soluţii de rezolvare a lor. THE PERSPECTIVES OF TOURISM SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN THE „RUDI-ARIONESTI” LANDSCAPE RESERVE, REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA In the results of these studies have been elaborated the ecotourism itinerary of „Rudi-Arionesti” landscape reserve, which are representative and accessible for ecotourists: „Rudi” monastery, „La trei cruci” Roman fortress, „Farfuria tur­cului” medieval settlement, „Raposatilor” cave, „La santuri” Thracian origin fortress, „Valea Bradului”, „Izvorul Verde”.It have been described the main points for visitation within the selected route. It have been emphasized the ecological problems of „Rudi-Arionesti” landscape reservation which represents one of the basic destinations of ecotourism routes from Donduseni and Soroca districts and have been proposed solutions of its solving. 

  12. EVALUAREA PROPRIETĂŢILOR DE SUPRAFAŢĂ ALE BENTONITULUI LĂRGUŢA (REPUBLICA MOLDOVA INTERCALAT CU OLIGOMERI DE ALUMINIU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vasile RUSU

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Tratarea în prealabil a bentonitului Lărguţa cu soluţie diluată de acid (pH 2, în continuare fiind intercalat cu specii oligomerice de aluminiu, duce la modificarea proprietăţilor de suprafaţă ale adsorbanţilor intercalaţi – a acidităţii lor, a caracteristicilor sorbţional-structurale şi a stabilităţii termice. Cinetica conversiei acidului oleic la esterificarea cu alcool etilic este influenţată de caracterul acid al catalizatorilor utilizaţi. Modelările efectuate relevă că adsorbanţii intercalaţi, obţinuţi pe baza bentonitului Lărguţa, au perspective reale de a fi utilizaţi pentru obţinerea biocombustibilului din uleiuri vegetale.SURFACE PROPERTIES OF PILLARED BENTONITE LARGUTA (R. MOLDOVA PILLARED WITH ALUMINUM OLIGOMERIC SPECIESLarguta bentonite prior treatment with dilute acid (pH 2 further being pillared with aluminum oligomeric species, result in modification of the surface properties of the adsorbents - acidity, sorption-structural characteristics and thermal stability. The kinetics of the conversion of oleic acid to esterification with ethylic alcohol is influenced by the nature of the acid catalysts used. Pillared adsorbents obtained on the basis of bentonite Larguta (RM possess real prospects for obtaining bio-fuel from vegetable oils.

  13. Exploration of Uranium. Report to the Government of the Eastern Republic of Uruguay; Prospeccion de uranio. Informe al gobierno de la Republica Oriental del Uruguay

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Muset, J A [International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna (Austria)

    1979-07-01

    The Government of Uruguay with IAEA assistance carried out the Uranium prospection project and the evolution of uraniferous minerals resources on this country soil. Several arrangement were did such as the recollection and analysis of the geologic material. The Uranium project began with radiometric anomalies and out crops.

  14. Muzica corală spirituală din Republica Moldova în anii 1990: racordări la experienţe stilistice mondiale moderne

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nagacevschi

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available The article is dedicated to the revival of ecclesiastical and spiritual genres of concert in the choral works of the composers of the Republic of Moldova in the years 1990–2000. Some of the contemporary composers around the world have shown a significant interest for composing religious music. However, some of the innovators of modern religious music choose to create polyphonic compositions exclusively in church music genres and remain oblivious of the multitude of the modern secular musical genres. After a period of prohibition, similar processes are also recorded in the Republic of Moldova. The acute interest for exploring the church music genres and styles was demonstrated by the composers of choral music and also by the composers-symphonists that were eager to explore vocal polyphony. The author examines the influence of the stylistic trends in Europe and America of the XX century, from avant-garde to postmodernism, and the traditions of Byzantine church music and Western-European choral art of the XIII–XIX centuries, on the composers’ reflections on the evolution of the national choral music at the mentioned stage. Similar phenomena in the culture of the countries, to which Moldova is traditionally affiliated to – Russia and Romania, are taken into account.

  15. Decret 454/006 it approves offer presentation award contracts regulations to prospection stage as well as hydrocarbons exploration and exploitation in Republica Oriental del Uruguay

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2006-01-01

    Then and the efforts of the National Fuel Alcohol and Portland (ANCAP), to achieve fitness to the actual circumstances of the oil industry, the Resolution of the Executive no.930/993 determining the regime for the presentation offers for the award of exploration and exploitation contratosde of hydrocarbons in the Oriental Republic of Uruguay

  16. Impacto da republicação de demonstrações financeiras no preço das ações de empresas brasileiras

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fádua Helou Netto

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available This study investigates whether the republication of financial impact the stock price. We analyzed 197 republications of 24 Brazilian companies from 2001 to the second quarter of 2009. For data analysis, we used the event study considering a window of three days before until three days after the date of the event. The results, considering the total sample and in most samples, we can not find cumulative abnormal returns significantly different from zero, indicating that the market does not react, either positively or negatively, the republication of accounting information. In reprints of requirement, found a positive market reaction with 1% signifi cance, showing evidence that the market expected that the reruns impacting more negatively demonstrations. The results obtained in studies conducted in other countries differ from these results, probably due to the difference of the reasons that led the Brazilian and foreign companies to republish.

  17. Electricity law for the Paraguay Republic: an analysis of the proposed regimen; Ley de electricidad para la Republica del Paraguay: un analisis del regimen propuesto

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cardozo Filho, Carlos M.; Brasa Soto, Ruben E. [Usina Hidroelectrica de Itaipu, Asuncion (Paraguay)

    2001-07-01

    In September 2000 the Energy Ministry concluded the elaboration of the electricity law for the Paraguayan electrical system, which should be exposed for its corresponding analysis, approval and promulgation. In this direction, this present work makes a detailed analysis of that, having as premise the following main points: aspects of its elaboration; proposed structure; opening of the Paraguayan electrical market; external interferences; businesses opportunities; protection to the consumers; protection to the investors and other relevant themes. Finally, the work is concluded presenting some suggestions and recommendations.

  18. Urbanismo colonial temprano en la República Argentina: Aportes desde la arqueología Early Colonial Urbanism in Republica Argentina: Archaeological Contributions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Igareta

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Tradicionalmente, la arqueología argentina ha centrado su interés en el análisis de problemáticas relativas a las sociedades que habitaron el territorio en tiempos prehispánicos; solo en menor medida y más tardíamente, sitios y problemáticas históricas atrajeron la atención de los investigadores. Un tema en particular, el del surgimiento y estructuración de ciudades durante el período colonial, resultó poco abordado por los arqueólogos, pese al intensivo análisis y construcción de modelos interpretativos desarrollados desde otras disciplinas históricas. Investigaciones arqueológicas recientes han dado cuenta del gran potencial informativo de un conjunto de centros urbanos hasta ahora dejados de lado: las ciudades creadas y destruidas durante el siglo XVI, cuya morfología claramente se alejó del modelo clásico de regularidad propuesto pero que influyó en la posterior estructuración del sistema urbano.Argentine archaeology traditionally has been focused on the analysis of prehistoric societies; just recently and in a smaller proportion historical problems and sites captured their attention. Urban development during the colonial period was a subject little boarded by the archaeologists, despite the intensive analysis other historical disciplines dedicated to the theme. Recent archaeological investigations evidenced the great informative potential of cities created and destroyed during the century XVI, whose morphology clearly diverged from the classic regular model and had significant influence in the later structuring of the urban system.

  19. Measurements of {sup 222} Rn in the indoor of dwellings in the Argentinean Republic; Mediciones de {sup 222} Rn en el interior de viviendas de la Republica Argentina

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Canoba, A.; Lopez, F. [Autoridad Regulatoria Nuclear, Av. Del Libertador 8250 Ciudad de Buenos Aires (1429) (Argentina)]. e-mail: acanoba@cae.arn.gov.ar

    2006-07-01

    The {sup 222} Rn is responsible for approximately half of the dose in the population resultant of the exposure to natural radiation. Most of this dose comes from the inhalation of the offspring of the {sup 222} Rn, and these doses they are specially important in set closed. The concentration of gas radon has been measured in housings of different cities of the Argentinean Republic. The elected cities are representative of the different geologic areas of our territory. For this its were used as detecting measurement method of nuclear tracks, electret detectors and detectors based on the adsorption in activated coal. Its were analyzed a total of 2689 housings from 1983 to the date. The average value of the radon concentration obtained starting from the 2689 monitored housings was of 41.6 Bq.m{sup -3}. The effective annual dose calculated starting from this radon concentration, using a dosimetric factor of 25 {mu}Sv.a{sup -1} (Bq.m{sup -3}), which assumes an equilibrium factor of 0.4, was of 1.04 mSv. Also, with the objective of determining the dose in form more exact, during the year 2000 it put on to point a passive technique for the simultaneous measurement such the radon concentration like of the equilibrium factor. This technique uses in oneself device two detectors of nuclear traces. The average value obtained starting from 204 monitored housings by this method of simultaneous measurement turns out to be 47.1 Bq.m{sup -3} and 0.36 the equilibrium factor, being obtained a value of effective annual dose of 1.38 mSv. It fits to highlight that are very few the values above 200 Bq.m{sup -3} and in any case the 300 Bq.m{sup -3} is overcome. Analyzing the average equilibrium factor measured of 0.36, it was concluded that having assumed an equilibrium factor of 0.4 was adequate, for what for great measurement campaigns it can continue using the simple method that determines only the radon concentration. Comparing the obtained results by both methods, although the first counts with a statistic more important, both are concordant. On the other hand, it is observed that the radon levels inside housings are inside acceptable values for the population, not justifying the necessity of remedial actions. (Author)

  20. 78 FR 6297 - Certain Frozen Fish Fillets From the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: Preliminary Results of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-30

    ... nonmarket economy within the meaning of section 771(18) of the Act, normal value has been calculated in... have been valued primarily in Bangladesh, which is economically comparable to Vietnam and is a... not available from Bangladesh, we used Indian, Indonesian and Philippine sources. For a full...

  1. Factors affecting brownfield regeneration in post-socialist space: The case of the Czech Republic

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Osman, Robert; Frantál, Bohumil; Klusáček, Petr; Kunc, Josef; Martinát, Stanislav

    2015-01-01

    Roč. 48, November 2015 (2015), s. 309-316 ISSN 0264-8377 R&D Projects: GA TA ČR(CZ) TD020259; GA MŠk(CZ) 7E11035 Institutional support: RVO:68145535 Keywords : brownfields * success factors * land use management Subject RIV: DE - Earth Magnetism, Geodesy, Geography Impact factor: 2.768, year: 2015 http://ac.els-cdn.com/S0264837715001702/1-s2.0-S0264837715001702-main.pdf?_tid=0d849052-9f28-11e5-8c6b-00000aacb35f&acdnat=1449743188_a27012ae5c616955d77af87b79b63135

  2. 77 FR 3737 - Steel Wire Garment Hangers From the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: Initiation of Countervailing...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-25

    ... by subparagraph (A); or (ii) determine industry support using a statistically valid sampling method... convenience and customs purposes, the written description of the merchandise is dispositive. [FR Doc. 2012...

  3. 78 FR 35253 - Welded Stainless Pressure Pipe From Malaysia, Thailand, and the Socialist Republic of Vietnam...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-12

    ... support using a statistically valid sampling method to poll the industry. Section 771(4)(A) of the Act... for convenience and customs purposes only; the written description of the scope of these...

  4. Bioethics and power: Informed consent procedures in post-socialist Latvia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Putniņa, Aivita

    2013-12-01

    This paper explores two lines of development in the donor consent procedures in post-Soviet Latvia. The paper is based on secondary analysis of interview, focus group discussion data, and media and legal text material collected throughout three previously conducted research projects on organ transplantation, population genome project and xenotransplantation focusing on the historical development of the issues of donor consent across these three fields of medical technologies. The paper argues that the quality of consent depends not as much on political and legal change per se as on the strengthening of the position of both medical specialists and donors, facilitating bonds between the two. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  5. Trumpeting through the iron curtain: The breakthrough of jazz in socialist Yugoslavia

    OpenAIRE

    Vučetić Radina

    2012-01-01

    During the Cold War, jazz became a powerful propaganda weapon in the battle for “hearts and minds”. As early as the 1950s, the American administration began its Cold War “jazz campaign”, by broadcasting the popular jazz radio show Music USA over the Voice of America, and by sending its top jazz artists on world tours. In this specific cultural Cold War, Yugoslavia was, as in its overall politics, in a specific position between the East and the West. The pos...

  6. Vodú Chic: Haitian Religion and the Folkloric Imaginary in Socialist Cuba

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Grete Viddal

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available During the first three decades of the twentieth century, hundreds of thousands of Haitian agricultural laborers arrived in Cuba seeking employment in the expanding sugar industry. Historically, Haitian cane cutters were marginal and occupied the lowest socio-economic status in Cuban society. Until relatively recently, the maintenance of Haitian spiritual beliefs, music, dance, and language in Cuba were associated with rural isolation and poverty. Today however, the continuation of Haitian customs is no longer linked with isolation, but exactly the opposite: performance troupes, heritage festivals, art exhibitions, the circulation of religious specialists, collaborations with research centers and academia, endorsement by music promoters, and the tourism industry. Cubans of Haitian heritage have found innovative ways to transform the abject into the exotic, and are currently gaining a public voice in cultural production, particularly through folkloric performance.

  7. Memory and Kindergarten Teachers' Work: Children's Needs before the Needs of the Socialist State

    Science.gov (United States)

    Millei, Zsuzsa

    2013-01-01

    More than 20 years after the fall of the Iron Curtain, scholars and educators continue to engage with histories under socialism and re-evaluate the consequences of those education systems for everyday lives then and in the present. This article develops an understanding of how kindergarten teachers understand their historical work in the socialist…

  8. Property-driven Urban Change in Post-Socialist Shanghai: Reading the Television Series Woju

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Samuel Y. Liang

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available In late 2009, the television series Woju (蜗居 received extremely high audience ratings in major Chinese cities. Its visual narratives engage the public and comment on social developments by presenting detailed pictures of urban change in Shanghai and the everyday lives of a range of urban characters who are involved in and affected by the urban-restructuring process and represent three distinct social groups: “white-collar” immigrants, low-income local residents, and powerful officials. By analysing the visual narratives of these characters, this article highlights the loss of the city’s historical identity and shows how the reorganization of urban space translates into a reallocation of resources, power and prestige among the social groups. The article also shows that Woju repre-sents a new development in literary and television production in the age of the Internet and globalization; its imaginative construct of the city was based on transnational and virtual rather than local and neighbourhood experience. This also testifies to the loss of the city’s established identity in cultural production.

  9. 76 FR 20318 - Frozen Warmwater Shrimp From the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: Initiation and Preliminary...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-12

    ... necessarily provide a dispositive indication of succession, generally, the Department will consider one... production and sale of the subject merchandise, the new company operates as the same business entity as the...

  10. 77 FR 20358 - Certain Frozen Warmwater Shrimp From the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: Final Results of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-04

    ... and prawns through freezing and which are sold in any count size. The products described above may be..., spices or sauce are included in the scope of the order. In addition, food preparations (including dusted... subjected to individually quick frozen (``IQF'') freezing immediately after application of the dusting layer...

  11. 77 FR 23222 - Certain Frozen Warmwater Shrimp From the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: Final Results of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-18

    ... which are processed from warmwater shrimp and prawns through freezing and which are sold in any count... addition, food preparations (including dusted shrimp), which are not ``prepared meals,'' that contain more... subjected to individually quick frozen (``IQF'') freezing immediately after application of the dusting layer...

  12. 78 FR 33342 - Certain Frozen Warmwater Shrimp From the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: Preliminary...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-04

    ... from warmwater shrimp and prawns through freezing and which are sold in any count size. The products... prawns that are packed with marinade, spices or sauce are included in the scope. In addition, food...'') freezing immediately after application of the dusting layer. When dusted in accordance with the definition...

  13. 75 FR 47546 - Certain Frozen Warmwater Shrimp from the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: Preliminary Results of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-06

    ... freezing and which are sold in any count size. The products described above may be processed from any..., spices or sauce are included in the scope of the order. In addition, food preparations, which are not... after being dusted, but prior to being frozen; and 5) that is subjected to IQF freezing immediately...

  14. How Socio-Economic Change Shapes Income Inequality in Post-Socialist Europe

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bandelj, Nina; Mahutga, Matthew C.

    2010-01-01

    Although income inequality in Central and Eastern Europe was considerably lower during socialism than in other countries at comparable levels of development, it increased significantly in all Central and East European states after the fall of communist regimes. However, some of these countries managed to maintain comparatively low inequality…

  15. GAS AND COAL EXTRACTIVE INDUSTRY DURING THE SOCIALIST INDUSTRIALIZATION PERIOD (1948-1989

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MARIUS BULEARCA

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This article shows that since 1949 the extractive industry has undergone a strong process of restructuring when enterprises were nationalized and a strict control over all components of the economy was established. The new leadership of the country had the intention of developing the industrial sector as well, basically laying the foundations of the new Romanian economy where the industrial sector economy would bring considerable income. This program will lead to the development of the energy sector in Romania also, thus contributing to a great extent to the development and consolidation of coal and gas extraction. Despite of all the economic and social development achieved during the period 1950-1989, at the end of it, Romania ranked a marginal position in the European countries hierarchy since between its level of development and the market economy developed countries large gaps in respect to the main economic and social indicators occurred.

  16. Women's sexual and reproductive health in post-socialist Georgia: does internal displacement matter?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doliashvili, Khatuna; Buckley, Cynthia J

    2008-03-01

    Persons displaced by armed conflicts, natural disasters or other events are at increased risk for health problems. The Republic of Georgia has a substantial population of internally displaced women who may face elevated risks of STIs and pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). The 1999 Georgia Reproductive Health Survey was used to examine the prevalence of self-reported STI and PID diagnoses among displaced and nondisplaced sexually experienced women. Multivariate analyses were conducted to determine whether displacement is associated with STI and PID risk, and whether the behavioral and socioeconomic factors associated with these diagnoses differ between internally displaced women and the general population. In models that controlled for behavioral factors only, displacement was associated with elevated odds of PID diagnosis (odds ratio, 1.3), but the relationship was only marginally significant when socioeconomic factors were added (1.3). Displacement was not associated with STI diagnosis. The factors associated with STI and PID diagnoses among displaced women generally differed from those in the general population, but access to medical care and previous STI diagnosis were associated with PID diagnosis in both groups. Among nondisplaced women, residing in the capital city was associated with increased odds of STI diagnosis (2.2) but reduced odds of PID diagnosis (0.8). These findings highlight the importance of displacement status in determining a woman's reproductive health risks, and underscore the complex relationships between behavioral and socioeconomic variables and the elevation of STI and PID risk.

  17. 78 FR 56211 - Certain Frozen Warmwater Shrimp From the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: Final Results of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-12

    ... rate, the cash deposit rate will be that for the Vietnam-wide entity; and (4) for all non-Vietnam... the surrogate values for certain export-related expenses incurred by Minh Phu Group and Nha Trang. The...\\ See Issues and Decision Memorandum at Appendix. Rate for Non-Selected Companies For the final results...

  18. [General aspects of population reproduction in the Socialist Republic of Croatia].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wertheimer-baletic, A

    1986-01-01

    The author presents a social and historical review of population growth in Yugoslavia. Aspects of population growth unique to a Marxist society are identified. Using Croatia as an example of a region with a low birth rate, the author discusses fertility, mortality, and migration as they affect overall population growth. (SUMMARY IN ENG AND RUS)

  19. De l’utopie socialiste au réalisme chrétien

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isabelle Richet

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available Le New Deal est le premier mouvement réformiste d’ampleur dans l’histoire des Etats‑Unis qui n’ait pas été inspiré, ni soutenu, par les forces du protestantisme. Si une majorité des protestants et de leur clergé se sont opposés au New Deal à partir de positions conservatrices, le théologien Reinhold Niebuhr en a développé au départ une virulente critique de gauche avant de finalement rallier le président démocrate à la fin des années trente. Nourrie par le rejet de l’idéalisme du Social Gospel, incapable à ses yeux de comprendre les rapports sociaux en terme de classe et de pouvoir, la critique de Niebuhr emprunte les outils d’analyse marxistes pour développer une approche réaliste, tant du point de vue des fins que des moyens de la lutte politique. Le New Deal lui apparaît avant tout comme un programme visant à sauver le capitalisme, alors que la société fondée sur la justice qu’il envisage passe par la socialisation des moyens de production qui ne pourra émerger qu’à travers des conflits sociaux au cours desquels les moyens de lutte même violents sont justifiés. Mais sous l’influence des évènements en Europe au lendemain de la victoire d’Hitler, Reinhold Niebuhr se tourne au milieu des années trente vers une réflexion théologique inspirée de l’orthodoxie de Karl Barth et de son frère Richard Niebuhr, qui l’amène à réintroduire le péché comme la limite absolue de toute l’expérience humaine, interdisant d’envisager la création d’une société de paix et de justice. Ce nouvel absolutisme théologique nourrit un relativisme politique, le réalisme chrétien consistant désormais à choisir la moins mauvaise des options en présence. De ce point de vue, le président démocrate qui appelle à la préparation militaire s’impose désormais comme le choix le plus réaliste face à la montée du fascisme en Europe.The New Deal was the first major reformist experiment in the history of the United States that was neither inspired nor supported by Protestantism. While a majority of Protestants and their clergy opposed Franklin Roosevelt from a conservative position, the theologian Reinhold Niebuhr developed a virulent left‑wing criticism of his policies, before finally rallying to his support at the end of the decade. Rejecting the idealism of the Social Gospel, unable to understand social relationships in term of class interests and power, Niebuhr used Marx’s analytical tools to develop a more realistic and efficient political approach. He saw the New Deal as a program aiming to save capitalism through state action, whereas the society based on social justice that he envisaged required the socialisation of the means of production which could be brought about only through social conflicts that may require the use of violence. However, under the influence of events in Europe after the rise of Hitler to power, he turned increasingly to theology. Inspired by the neo‑orthodoxy of Karl Barth and of his own brother, Richard Niebuhr, he reintroduced sin as the absolute limit of human action. Because of man’s sinful nature it was impossible to create a society based on justice and peace. His new theological absolutism led to political relativism. Indeed, realism now meant that in politics a Christian could only choose between the lesser of two evils. From this point of view the Democratic president and his preparedness campaign appeared as the only realistic choice in the context of the rise of fascism in Europe.

  20. The Vietnamese Values System: A Blend of Oriental, Western and Socialist Values

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nguyen, Quynh Thi Nhu

    2016-01-01

    Values education has been discussed extensively in many parts of the world in the context of the dramatic changes associated with globalization which directly affects the set of human values. Vietnam is a developing country with an intermixture of cultural heritage and social-economic transformation. In order to achieve the goal of becoming a…

  1. Lessons learned from successful Papanicolaou cytology cervical cancer prevention in the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suba, Eric J; Raab, Stephen S

    2012-04-01

    In 1996, we documented that the burden of cervical cancer in Vietnam was associated with troop movements during the Vietnam War. Subsequently, establishment of Papanicolaou screening in southern Vietnam was associated with reductions in cervical cancer incidence from 29.2/100,000 in 1998 to 16/100,000 in 2003. This is one of the first English-language reports of a real-world cervical cancer prevention effort associated with a decisive impact on health outcomes in a contemporary developing country. if our ideological commitment is to improve health outcomes as rapidly as possible among as many people as possible, then Papanicolaou screening (with or without HPV or visual screening) must be implemented without further delay in any setting where cervical screening is appropriate but unavailable; consideration must be given to HPV vaccination after, rather than before, full coverage of target demographic groups by screening services has been achieved and/or the possibility has been excluded that HPV vaccination may be ineffective for cancer prevention. Competing ideological commitments engender imprudent yet commercially useful alternative strategies prone to decelerate global reductions in mortality by suppressing the more-rapid uptake of less-expensive open-source technology in favor of the less-rapid uptake of more-expensive proprietary technologies with uncertain real-world advantages and unfavorable real-world operational limitations. Global cervical cancer prevention efforts will become more effective if global health leaders, including the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, embrace an ideological commitment to improving health outcomes as rapidly as possible among as many people as possible and assimilate the policy implications of that commitment. Copyright © 2011 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

  2. The Impact of Military Conflicts on National Economies of the Post-Socialist Space Countries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ievdokymov Viktor V.

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available The article is concerned with studying the impact of military conflicts on the national economies. The study is aimed at assessing sensitivity of the key macroeconomic indicators (GDP, share of military spending in the GDP, and unemployment rate to the military actions, which evolved on the territory of the former USSR countries (Azerbaijan, Georgia, Moldova, Russia, Tajikistan until 2013. According to the results of generalization of publications on this topic three states of the national economy in relation to military conflicts were allocated: the peace-time economy, the war economy, the post-conflict economy. A reduced financing for the defense sector and rising unemployment in the first post-war years, as well as a gradual increase in the GDP on completion of the military actions in the countries under consideration, have been identified. Some attention was paid to the macroeconomic situation and the State policy in the sphere of national security and defense of Ukraine prior to 2014.

  3. 77 FR 51514 - Steel Wire Garment Hangers From the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: Preliminary Affirmative...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-24

    .... The Department generally bases its decision with respect to knowledge on the margins calculated in the... importers' knowledge that material injury is likely by reason of such imports.\\8\\ Finally, as part of their... Welded Carbon Quality Steel Pipe from the People's Republic of China, 73 FR 31970, 31972-73 (June 5, 2008...

  4. 77 FR 4993 - Certain Frozen Warmwater Shrimp From the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: Initiation and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-01

    ..., management, supplier relationships, and customer base). In its December 13, 2011, submission, C. P. Vietnam... including, but not limited to, changes in management, production facilities, supplier relationships, and customer base.\\8\\ Although no single factor will necessarily provide a dispositive indication of succession...

  5. The model of post-socialist rural transition: openness and (unlearning versus informal relations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Garri Raagmaa

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this article is to discuss development issues at the locality level.Below, we are working with the learning economy theory and the conceptof bottom-up indigenous development in combination with other approaches.The principal transformation model for the post-soviet rural areas furtherdevelopment is elaborated. The acknowledgement of local social networks is crucial, especially in eco-nomically decreasing areas. Innovation and development potential in ruralareas with primary sector dominance, where few service industries andjobs have been created, remain usually low. Improving infrastructures andcreating jobs by outside authorities (state subsidies and enterprises onlywill not be enough for the sustainable economic development of a localityor a region. Besides, in the case of strengthening informal structures and behaviour,local (selfexclusion will tend to grow as a side effect in these areas. The(selfcloseness of the society can be considered as an important impedi-ment to indigenous development.

  6. Memoirs of a socialist childhood in China: socialism, nationalism and getting ahead

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lei Chen

    2018-04-01

    Full Text Available In this memoir, I accounted several episodes of my childhood of a middle class family in early 1990s in a Chinese urban city. Two major discourses permeated my account: the nationalism and socialism discourse and the upward social mobility discourse. While my family and I cherish the comfort and joy of everyday life enjoyed in the era of “socialism with Chinese characteristics”, the suffering past is like a ghost, peeking out behind the curtain.

  7. A case of socialist cantonalism: the Asturias & León sovereign council

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel GUERRA SESMA

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available In the second year of Spanish Civil War, with the advance of francoists troops in the North, the Asturias region rested isolated. With the capital, Oviedo, occupied by the rebels, republican parties decided to keep the fight until the end. Anyway, the isolation with the Government of the Republic has provided a separation in fact that, with the creation of Sovereign Council, became in situation of right. Not all left parties shared the decision, because they wanted to keep the relation, although its difficulties, with central Government. Historically, the linkage between and nationalities question has been troubled and diverse, between the theoretical internationalism and the reality of some national facts clearly expressed. This is the case of a cantonal and separatist movement not involved by a nationalist party but just by several lefts who pleaded the international solidarity with its fight. The geographical conditions of Asturian region and the war’s way contributed firmly to this fact happens.

  8. 78 FR 8105 - Steel Wire Garment Hangers From the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: Antidumping Duty Order

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-05

    ... following companies: Acton Co., Ltd.; Angang Clothes Rack Manufacture Co.; Asmara Home Vietnam; B2B Co., Ltd...) CTN Limited Company CTN Limited Company 157.00 Ju Fu Co., Ltd Ju Fu Co., Ltd..... 157.00 Triloan.... \\6\\ The Vietnam-wide entity includes South East Asia Hamico Export Joint Stock Company, the TJ Group...

  9. Dynamic Gender Differences in a Post-Socialist Labor Market: Russia, 1991-1997

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gerber, Theodore P.; Mayorova, Olga

    2006-01-01

    We examine how the shift from state socialism affects gender inequality in the labor market using multivariate models of employment exit, employment entry, job mobility and new job quality for 3,580 Russian adults from 1991 through 1997. Gender differences changed in a complex fashion. Relative to men, women gained greater access to employment,…

  10. Nõukogude "kaasaegne stiil" : sotsialistlik modernism = The Soviet "contemporary style" : a socialist modernism / Susan E. Reid

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Reid, Susan E., 1959-

    2009-01-01

    Modernismile lähenemisest nõukogude kunstis. Nõukogude kunstikriitikast ja -praktikast. Kaasaegne stiil sünteesis arhitektuuriga. Nõukogude Palee teostamata projektist Moskvas. 1962. aastal valminud Moskva Pioneeride Paleest kui stalinistliku praktika hülgamise näitest

  11. The Soviet Union and the Socialist and Social Democratic Parties of Western Europe.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-02-01

    British forces, Craxi stated, "Those missiles are not on the moon," Corriere della Sera, May 30, 1985. • 7 .- P.- N" It.- ’j -9.’-V 1.r". k7 17- -. W...Party (PIP) Progressive Labor Party of St. Lucia (PLP) People’s Electoral Movement (MEP), Venezuela Consultative Parties-in-Exile Bulgarian Social

  12. The fairy tale of socialism : How "socialist" was the "new" literature in Soviet Estonia? / Cornelius Hasselblatt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hasselblatt, Cornelius, 1960-

    2003-01-01

    Eesti kirjandusest 1940-1956. Lähemalt järgmistest romaanidest: Erni Krusteni "Pekside raamat" (1946), Osvald Toominga "Pruuni katku aastail" (1950), Aadu Hindi "Tuulise ranna" 1. osa (1956), Johannes Semperi "Punased nelgid"(1955) ja Rudolf Sirge "Maa ja rahvas" (1956)

  13. 77 FR 32930 - Certain Steel Wire Garment Hangers From the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: Preliminary...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-04

    ... allegations concerning electricity that the GOV allegedly provided for less than adequate remuneration (LTAR... investigation into petitioners' allegation.\\9\\ \\9\\ See Memorandum to Melissa G. Skinner, Director, Office 3, AD... for determining whether a government good or service is provided for less than adequate remuneration...

  14. Atomic energy: agreement between Canada and the Socialist Republic of Romania

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    1979-01-01

    The governments of Canada and Romania agreed to cooperate in the development and application of atomic energy for peaceful purposes, including joint research and development projects, the application of atomic energy for electricity generation and other peaceful purposes, industrial enterprises; the supply of information, material, nuclear material, equipment and facilities; licensing arrangements; access to equipment and facilities; technical assistance; scientific visits; and training. Reprocessing, enrichment, and heavy water technology are excluded. Safeguards measures are spelled out. (LL)

  15. Destiny of Urban Brownfields: Spatial Patterns and Perceived Consequences of Post-Socialistic Deindustrialization

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Kunc, J.; Martinát, Stanislav; Tonev, P.; Frantál, Bohumil

    41E, February (2014), s. 109-128 ISSN 1842-2845 R&D Projects: GA MŠk EE2.3.20.0025 Institutional support: RVO:68145535 Keywords : brownfields * perception * residents * city of Brno * city of Ostrava Subject RIV: DE - Earth Magnetism, Geodesy, Geography Impact factor: 0.333, year: 2014 http://rtsa.ro/en/files/RTSA%2041%20E%20-7KUNC,%20MARTINAT,%20TONEV,%20FRANTAL.pdf

  16. State of development of gas cooled reactors in the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Grebennik, V.N.; Mosevitskij, I.S.

    1991-01-01

    In the context of the programme for the development of gas-cooled reactors in the USSR it is reported that pilot plants with VGR-50 MW(el) and VG-400 MW(el) have been developed up to the stage of engineering design and that now the efforts are concentrated on the project of pilot-commercial reactor plant VGM (PCRP VGM) of a modular type with unit thermal power of 200-250 MW. The installation is designed to solve the main scientific and engineering problems of construction of high-temperature gas-cooled reactors, to test equipment components, and to show advantages of the given type of installations having the enhanced safety and capability to generate high-potential heat. The status of work on the PCRP VGM project is described. 3 refs, 1 fig., 1 tab

  17. Historical analysis of the influence of socialist experiments on the environment (1948 – 1965

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. M. Chepurda

    2017-04-01

    It has been proven in the article that the most negative ecological consequence of the «nature transformation planwas the development of the irrigation system, which was rather contradictory. Many subjects related to the study of Ukrainian climatic conditions in the Soviet and post-Soviet period have been studied, among them are: the impact on the level of agricultural productivity, the development and practical implementation of the Great plan of nature transformation and the study of economic and environmental consequences of its implementation. The construction of the Kakhovka, Dneprodzerzhinsk, Kremenchug, Kiev hydroelectric power plants led to the forced resettlement of large masses of the rural population from areas, which could be flooded. This action was really huge in its scale and by its negative social consequences. However, despite the achievements, the raised topic has been poorly studied; there are no special summarizing works. This proves the necessity of further research and comprehensive coverage. The features of the organization of the construction of large public irrigation systems in Ukraine in the period after the Second World War, according to the Great plan of nature transformation have been studied. It has been grounded by the article that among the most significant negative environmental consequences of The Great plan of nature transformation are: the transformation of the Dnieper river into system of lakes, which led to the change of the hydrological balance and ecosystems, and inundation of large areas that lost the ability to fulfil their ecological function and economic performance

  18. Holy Places and Pilgrimage in the Post-Socialist Bulgaria (Karamihova, 2014 [In Bulgarian

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Antova

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available After the communist regime in Bulgaria, the interest of the people to religion was revived. Many of anthropological dimensions with religious nature are considered in Karamihova’s book (2014. Religious tourism and places of pilgrimages are described. The dynamics of this new social development is studied.

  19. 77 FR 46044 - Steel Wire Garment Hangers From the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: Preliminary Determination of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-02

    ... NME country, section 773(c)(1) of the Act directs it to base NV, in most circumstances, on the NME...); Certain Pasta from Italy: Notice of Final Results of the Twelfth Administrative Review, 75 FR 6352...

  20. Extra-Curricular and out-of-School Education in European Socialist Countries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wegerich, Hans-Joachim

    1988-01-01

    Describes extra-curricular activities in East Germany, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, Poland, Romania, and the USSR, and provides an annotated bibliography that covers activities in the social sciences; science and technology; natural sciences; arts and culture; sports; tourism; mass media; after school centers; holiday activities; and youth…

  1. The influence of Dr. Hsiang-Tung Chang on neuroscience in Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiang, Chun

    2012-10-25

    As one of the founders of Chinese neuroscience, Dr. Hsiang-Tung Chang's return to China has a profound impact on neuroscience in China. As many people expected, this action also may have influenced the development of neuroscience in other Eastern countries. Therefore, Dr. Chang's move may have changed the history of neuroscience in a greater area than China.

  2. Spaces of democracy: art, politics, and artivism in the post-socialist city

    OpenAIRE

    Poposki, Zoran

    2011-01-01

    In the countries of former Eastern Europe, the collapse of socialism and the subsequent onset of neoliberal capitalism have resulted in a massive transfiguration of urban public space at the hands of commercial interests. Examples include the proliferation of outdoor advertising that destroys the character of natural and historic urban landscapes, commercial events that restrict access to parks and squares, the design of retail kiosks and storefronts in and around public spaces that does not ...

  3. 76 FR 55872 - Certain Frozen Fish Fillets From the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: Preliminary Results and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-09

    ... concludes that there is a significant potential for the manipulation of price or production. For further... 29, 2010) (``Initiation''). \\6\\ This includes: (1) An Giang Fisheries Import and Export Joint Stock...) Anvifish Joint Stock Company (aka Anvifish JSC); (4) Asia Commerce Fisheries Joint Stock Company...

  4. 77 FR 46058 - Utility Scale Wind Towers From the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: Preliminary Determination of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-02

    ...: Dynamic Random Access Memory Semiconductors of One Megabit and Above From the Republic of Korea, 57 FR... assembling of dynamic random access memory. What distinguishes the instant investigation from Semiconductors... date better reflects the date on which the exporter established the material terms of sale, and thus is...

  5. Proceedings of the 5. seminar on electron spetroscopy of socialist countries

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1984-01-01

    Instrumental, experimental, and theoretical aspects of electron spectroscopy as well as their applications to solve problems arising in surface physics and surface chemistry have been discussed. 94 synopses on photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS and UPS), Auger electron spectroscopy, electron energy loss spectroscopy, appearance potential spectroscopy, low-energy electron diffraction, reflection of high-energy electron diffraction, and secondary ion mass spectroscopy are included

  6. Cuban Education in Neo-liberal Times: Socialist Revolutionaries and State Capitalism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malott, Curry

    2007-01-01

    This article outlines the events that have led to Cuba's current engagement with global capitalism and the implications for Cuban education. The author looks at what Noam Chomsky (1999) has repeatedly referred to as "Cuba's trouble making in the hemisphere," such as it is. The author answers the question, "Why does the US government…

  7. An Agenda for Research on Work and Class in the Post-socialist World

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Morris, Jeremy

    2017-01-01

    ’ of neoliberalism, show that empirically-grounded work on postsocialist working-classes can make important contributions to wider social science debates. Studying the ‘losers’ of transition can tell us much about populist politics, the rise of the global working-class outside the Global North and the nature...

  8. Teoría Socialista de los Derechos Humanos Socialist Theory of Human Rights

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Salamanca Serrano

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo presenta los principales postulados de la Teoría Socialista de los Derechos Humanos (TSDH, aplicación al ámbito de los Derechos Humanos del trabajo Teoría Socialista del Derecho, 2 vols. (Quito: Editorial Jurídica del Ecuador, 2011. Postulados científicos de un nuevo paradigma en Teoría de los Derechos Humanos que se somete a probación y verificación  histórica. La TSDH es un paradigma iusmaterialista que tiene sus diferencias con el iusnaturalismo, con el socio-contractualismo y con el iusvoluntarismo jurídicos. La TSDH arranca del hecho de hechos (de la última instancia que es la vida de los pueblos como praxis material histórica de realidad. En la TSDH el método es el materialismo histórico-dialéctico científico. El fundamento de los derechos humanos se encuentra en la obligación que impone la materia viva a los pueblos de satisfacer su sistema de necesidades/capacidades materiales para poder producir y reproducir sus vidas. Entiende a los derechos humanos como el satisfactor jurídico del sistema de necesidades/capacidades de los pueblos. Sus principales postulados caracterizan a la TSDH como una: (1º Teoría de la vida de los pueblos;  (2º Teoría de la praxis histórica (praxeológica; (3º Teoría materialista; (4º Teoría moral; (5º Teoría política; (6º Teoría jurídica; (7º Teoría revolucionaria. Palabras clave: Teoría. Derechos Humanos de los Pueblos. Iusmaterialismo. Socialismo.  Revolución.

  9. Joint Institute for Nuclear Research as an example of socialist integration in science

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bogolyubov, N.N.

    1979-01-01

    History of establishing, main directions of works and some results of investigations which have been carried out in the Joint Institute of Nuclear Research according to the program of the JINR member-states are stated as well as directions of the JINR co-operation with other countries are given. In detail, main works are stated in the field of high energy physics, theoretical nuclear physics, investigation of interactions of elementary particles, nuclear spectroscopy of nuclides. Examples are given of joint researches which have been conducted by scientists from the JINR together with scientists from other scientific research centers of the JINR member-states and other countries. Content is stated of works in the field of synthesis of ultraheavy elements and development of methods of study as their chemical properties. Composition of the JINR computer center is given as well as the list of problems which are solved at this center. Some results are given of works conducted in the JINR in the field of development of equipment for nuclear-physical researches and improvement of accelerators. Some results are presented of the JINR activity and plans for future [ru

  10. 77 FR 1053 - Certain Frozen Warmwater Shrimp From the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: Preliminary Results of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-09

    ... autonomy from the government regarding the selection of management.\\11\\ \\11\\ See Silicon Carbide, 59 FR at... in the International Financial Statistics of the International Monetary Fund. \\32\\ See Notice of... and administrative expenses, and profit, we used the simple average of the 2009-2010 financial...

  11. 76 FR 20627 - Certain Frozen Warmwater Shrimp From the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: Preliminary Results of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-13

    ... agreements; and (4) has autonomy from the government regarding the selection of management.\\7\\ \\7\\ See... Bangladeshi data could not be obtained), as published in the International Financial Statistics of the..., and profit, we used the simple average of the 2009-2010 financial statement of Apex Foods Limited and...

  12. Classes and Castles: Impact of Social Stratification on Housing Inequality in Post-Socialist States

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Lux, Martin; Sunega, Petr; Katrňák, Tomáš

    2013-01-01

    Roč. 29, č. 2 (2013), s. 274-288 ISSN 0266-7215 R&D Projects: GA ČR GA403/09/1915 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z70280505 Keywords : social stratification * housing classes * transition countries Subject RIV: AO - Sociology, Demography Impact factor: 1.031, year: 2013 http://esr.oxfordjournals.org/content/early/2011/07/29/esr.jcr060.abstract?keytype=ref&ijkey=2UAFdmbxp7jS5D6

  13. Post-Socialist Housing Systems in Europe: Housing Welfare Regimes by Default?

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Stephens, M.; Lux, Martin; Sunega, Petr

    2015-01-01

    Roč. 30, č. 8 (2015), s. 1210-1234 ISSN 0267-3037 R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GAP404/12/1446 Institutional support: RVO:68378025 Keywords : Welfare regimes * financialisation * housing policy Subject RIV: AO - Sociology, Demography Impact factor: 1.309, year: 2015 http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02673037.2015.1013090

  14. Beyond Ideology: Representations of the Baroque in Socialist Czechoslovakia As Seen Through the Media

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Řezníková, Lenka

    2016-01-01

    Roč. 8, 15 December (2016), s. 1-23 E-ISSN 2042-4752 R&D Projects: GA ČR GB14-37038G Institutional support: RVO:67985955 Keywords : representations of the Baroque * Czech art history 1948-1989 * media * documentary * exhibition Subject RIV: AB - History https://arthistoriography.files.wordpress.com/2016/11/reznikova.pdf

  15. Paramilitaries in the dissolution of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia: Effects on the Peace Process

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-05-20

    vi The paramilitaries rob, they rape , they steal. Why are we fighting and what are we fighting for?1 ―General Slavko Lasica INTRODUCTION...and their criminal actions of ethnic cleansing, looting, raping , and other crimes, few go into detail about these groups, why they formed in the...controlled a portion of the black market in Sarajevo based on smuggled arms, food, and prostitution and controlled many of the cafes and night clubs

  16. 75 FR 16434 - Polyethylene Retail Carrier Bags From the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: Final Determination of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ...: Case History On November 3, 2009, the Department published in the Federal Register its preliminary..., convenience, department, specialty retail, discount stores, and restaurants to their customers to package and...

  17. 75 FR 16428 - Polyethylene Retail Carrier Bags from the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: Final Affirmative...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ...; telephone: (202) 482- 3586 and (202) 482-1396, respectively. Case History The following events have occurred... retail, discount stores, and restaurants to their customers to package and carry their purchased products...

  18. 75 FR 15416 - Certain Frozen Fish Fillets From the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: Initiation of Antidumping...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-29

    ... DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration [A-552-801] Certain Frozen Fish Fillets... new shipper review (``NSR'') of the antidumping duty order on certain frozen fish fillets (``fish... order on fish fillets from Vietnam was published in the Federal Register on August 12, 2003. See Notice...

  19. 76 FR 17837 - Certain Frozen Fish Fillets From the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: Initiation of Antidumping...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-31

    ... DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration [A-552-801] Certain Frozen Fish Fillets... new shipper review (``NSR'') of the antidumping duty order on certain frozen fish fillets (``fish... INFORMATION: Background The notice announcing the antidumping duty order on fish fillets from Vietnam was...

  20. Great Expectations? Variation in Educational Plans of Students in Post-Socialist Eastern Europe

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chykina, Volha; Chung, Hee Jin; Bodovski, Katerina

    2016-01-01

    Using all available waves of the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) from 1995 to 2011, this study examines the factors influencing educational expectations of students in five Eastern European countries (Hungary, Lithuania, the Russian Federation, Romania, and Slovenia). We consistently find across countries and waves…

  1. Gentrification in a Post-Socialist Town: The Case of the Supilinn District, Tartu, Estonia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nele NUTT

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available This article deals with the changes that have taken place in the Supilinn district in Tartu, Estonia due to the gentrification process. The gentrification process affects the cultural, social, economic, and physical environment of the area. People have been interested in this topic since the 1960s. Nowadays, there is also reason to discuss this issue in the context of Estonia and of the Supilinn district. Studying and understanding the processes that take place in the living environment, provides an opportunity to be more aware about them and to influence the development of these processes. This article provides an analysis of the conditions necessary for gentrification in the Supilinn district, describes the process of gentrification, and tries to assess the current developmental stage of the gentrification process. Cities are shaped by their people. Every area has a unique look that is shaped not only by the physical environment, but also by the principles, values, and wishes of its residents. Local residents influence the image of the mental and the physical space of the area. What changes has the development of the Supilinn district caused in the population of the area, and how have the residents, in turn, changed the district?

  2. Hungarian Minority Politics in Post-Socialist Romania: Interests, Strategies, and Discourses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Toró Tibor

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyses the integration strategies formulated by the Democratic Alliance of Hungarians in Romania and the Hungarian political elite in the post-communist period. It argues that the internal debates of the political community are formulated in a field where other actors (the Hungarian and the Romanian state, political parties, European institutions, etc. carry out their activities, which deeply influences both the chosen strategies and the needed resources for their implementation. Moreover, it questions the monolithic organization of the minority organization, showing that DAHR as the representative of the minority community was shaped by several internal debates and conflicts. Also from 2003 these conflicts have grown beyond the borders of the organization and since 2008 we can follow a whole new type of institutionalization. In achieving this, I introduce three strategies - individual integration, collective integration, and organizational integration - which are chosen by different fragments of the Hungarian minority elite both toward the Hungarian and the Romanian political sphere. Throughout the 1989-2012 period, the outcome of the conflict between the supporters of these strategies is deeply influenced by the policies of the two states.

  3. New Socialist Cities: Foreign Architects in the USSR 1920-1940

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bosma, J.E.

    2013-01-01

    The creation of a Communist society between 1917 and 1939 implied the concomitant establishment of a non-capitalist economy and a non-bourgeois culture and lifestyle. In terms of the rhetoric used at the time, the Communist utopia was based on confidence in the beneficial impact of science,

  4. "Our Song!" Nationalism in Folk Music Research and Revival in Socialist Czechoslovakia

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Kratochvíl, Matěj

    2015-01-01

    Roč. 56, č. 4 (2015), s. 397-405 ISSN 1788-6244 Institutional support: RVO:68378076 Keywords : Czechoslovakia * folk music * folk song collections * revival * politics * nationalism * communism Subject RIV: AC - Archeology, Anthropology, Ethnology

  5. The audiovisual communication policy of the socialist Government (2004-2009: A neoliberal turn

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramón Zallo, Ph. D.

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The first legislature of Jose Luis Rodriguez Zapatero’s government (2004-08 generated important initiatives for some progressive changes in the public communicative system. However, all of these initiatives have been dissolving in the second legislature to give way to a non-regulated and privatizing model that is detrimental to the public service. Three phases can be distinguished, even temporarily: the first one is characterized by interesting reforms; followed by contradictory reforms and, in the second legislature, an accumulation of counter reforms, that lead the system towards a communicative system model completely different from the one devised in the first legislature. This indicates that there has been not one but two different audiovisual policies running the cyclical route of the audiovisual policy from one end to the other. The emphasis has changed from the public service to private concentration; from decentralization to centralization; from the diffusion of knowledge to the accumulation and appropriation of the cognitive capital; from the Keynesian model - combined with the Schumpeterian model and a preference for social access - to a delayed return to the neoliberal model, after having distorted the market through public decisions in the benefit of the most important audiovisual services providers. All this seems to crystallize the impressive process of concentration occurring between audiovisual services providers in two large groups that would be integrated by Mediaset and Sogecable and - in negotiations - between Antena 3 and Imagina. A combination of neo-statist restructuring of the market and neo-liberalism.

  6. An Analysis of the Community College Concept in the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam

    Science.gov (United States)

    Epperson, Cynthia K.

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to discover if core characteristics exist forming a Vietnamese community college model and to determine if the characteristics would explain the model. This study utilized three theoretical orientations while reviewing the existing literature, formulating the research questions, examining the data and drawing…

  7. 77 FR 73430 - Steel Wire Garment Hangers From the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: Preliminary Affirmative...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-10

    ... and 7323.99.9080. Although the HTSUS subheadings are provided for convenience and customs purposes... examine: (i) The volume and value of the imports; (ii) seasonal trends; and (iii) the share of domestic...

  8. 75 FR 23670 - Polyethylene Retail Carrier Bags from the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: Countervailing Duty Order

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-04

    ... provided without any consumer packaging and free of charge by retail establishments, e.g., grocery, drug, convenience, department, specialty retail, discount stores, and restaurants to their customers to package and...) polyethylene bags that are packed in consumer packaging with printing that refers to specific end-uses other...

  9. Folklore Music on Romanian TV. From State Socialist Television to Private Channels

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandra Urdea

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Music genres rooted in folklore have often been interpreted as ideological manoeuvres to forge a sense of national identity (Gordy, Mihailescu, Baker, Cash. This article explores formalized folklore performances of muzică populară as forms ‘media rituals’ (Couldry, and focuses on the role that television has played in establishing the genre as we know it today. It analyses the link between muzică populară as rooted in mass participation activities during communism, and ‘media rituals’ as framed on television (Couldry, indiscriminately and democratically involving the entire population that it addresses (and is available beyond that.

  10. Peking Man to Socialist Man: The Teaching of Human Evolution in China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swetz, Frank J.

    1986-01-01

    Examines the content and methodology of the teaching of human evolution in the schools of the People's Republic of China. Reviews the aims and goals of science teaching and their effects on the teaching of evolution. Emphasizes evolution, compatibility with China's political doctrines, and includes illustrations of instructional materials. (ML)

  11. Living With the Dead: Memory and State Authority in Post-Socialist Vietnam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hoa T. Nguyen

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The commemoration of war martyrs has been an im-portant issue in contemporary Vietnam. These collec-tive memories of war martyrs, however, do not appear independently but are organized and shaped by the powerful state machine. The state does not only control the means of remembering, but also prescribes rules for how the past should be remembered. Yet, the state’s centralized authority is not absolute, since it exposes some limits and is challenged by local agents.

  12. Happily Socialist Ever After? East German Children's Films and the Education of a Fairy Tale Land

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blessing, Benita

    2010-01-01

    Cinemas are an important site of learning for young people. Far from being a passive means of instruction, films aimed at children and young people provide an opportunity for a nation's youth to interact with films' messages both in and outside the cinema. From deciding which films to attend, to discussing the film's ideas with their peers,…

  13. 75 FR 12206 - Certain Frozen Warmwater Shrimp From the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: Preliminary Results...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-15

    ... (or thawed-from-frozen) and peeled shrimp; (2) to which a ``dusting'' layer of rice or wheat flour of... thoroughly and evenly coated with the flour; (4) with the non- shrimp content of the end product constituting...., Ltd. (``Fish One''), and Seaprodex Minh Hai (collectively ``revocation companies''). Of the revocation...

  14. 77 FR 13547 - Certain Frozen Warmwater Shrimp From the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: Preliminary Results of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-07

    ... Critical Circumstances, In Part: Certain Lined Paper Products From the People's Republic of China, 71 FR... Administrative Review: Petroleum Wax Candles from the People's Republic of China, 72 FR 52355, 52356 (September... invoice date. \\42\\ See, e.g., Notice of Final Determination of Sales at Less Than Fair Value and Negative...

  15. 76 FR 12054 - Certain Frozen Warmwater Shrimp From the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: Preliminary Results...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-04

    ... Paper Products From the People's Republic of China, 71 FR 53079, 53082 (September 8, 2006); Final...: Petroleum Wax Candles from the People's Republic of China, 72 FR 52355, 52356 (September 13, 2007). In... Value and Negative Final Determination of Critical Circumstances: Certain Frozen and Canned Warmwater...

  16. Use of solar energy for heat supply under conditions of the Socialist Federated Republic of Yugoslavia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Savic, B.

    1981-01-01

    The characteristics of a flat solar energy collector are used to determine the specific heat productivity of the solar unit under meteorological conditions of Belgrade. The evaluation is made with regard for experimental data of year-round operation of hot water supply units and the seasonal use of heating units.

  17. From management to mediation: local forestry management and the forestry crisis in post-socialist Russia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eikeland, Sveinung; Eythorsson, Einar; Ivanova, Lyudmila

    2004-03-01

    The local branches of the Russian Forestry Service, the leskhozy, were known for their efficiency and management skills in the Soviet era and were one of the very few community-based "Soviet-type" institutions to survive the transition. This article examines the role of the leskhozy in the new market economy. Our analysis is based on data from interviews with informants attached to the forestry sector in the Murmansk area. In some cases their knowledge of the leskhozy stretches back to the emergence of the system in 1947. Our principal finding is that the struggle to survive as a federal body in the current legal and economic climate is forcing the leskhozy to relegate sustainable forestry management, presumably their primary raison d'être, to the lower portions of their list of priorities. Several consequences result. There is a heightened incidence of illegal logging, and corruption informs the allocation of forest areas to private interests. Stumpage prices have plummeted as timber from subsidized commercial cutting (ostensibly sanitary cutting or thinning) has flooded the markets. The root cause of these tribulations lies with the market-based harvesting permit system. Its introduction in the 1990s did little to eliminate the self-seeking practices of the old Soviet forestry management hierarchies. In the free market, local forestry managers can turn their dual responsibilities to their own advantage inasmuch as they control the allocation of harvesting permits while at the same time controlling logging practices.

  18. 76 FR 4292 - Certain Frozen Fish Fillets From the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: Preliminary Results of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-25

    ... of economic development,'' the Department places primary emphasis on per capita gross national income... common ownership; (3) the extent to which managerial employees or board members of one firm sit on the...

  19. Philosophy as capitalism and the socialist radically metaphysical response to it

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katerina Kolozova

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract The author starts from the thesis that there is no such thing as a "natural" or "apolitical" economy. The economy is always already political, as it is the economy’s material core of power, control, and its main mechanisms, i.e. exploitation and oppression. It is no less so in the era of neoliberalism, a time in which we witness the divorce between capitalism and democracy. In order to lay the foundations of a different economy, one that is not based on wage labor and the exploitation of human life and nature based on their auto-alienation, but rather on action in accordance with their resources, we need – according the author – to rethink the concept of the state in a non-philosophical and post-capitalist fashion, structurally different from the modern bourgeois state. If the structure originating in the bourgeois state, as conceived by modern humanism, is preserved, it will mean that the determination in the last instance is still the same. In order to arrive at a determination in the last instance of a non-exploitative, non-wage-labor-based social order where the determination is affected by the real, we must first arrive at the generic core of the notion of the modern state. As soon as we determine the generic term of "the state," we can radicalize it by letting it be determined by the effects of the real. The generic notion, isolated from the chôra of the transcendental material that is offered by modern philosophies originating in the Enlightenment, should be used as the minimal transcendental description for the determining effect (or "symptom" of the real.

  20. An Agenda for Research on Work and Class in the Post-socialist World

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Morris, Jeremy

    2017-01-01

    ) greater confrontation of the one-sided discourse on class in these societies and the academy itself (a class blindness of research). 2) The value in studying postsocialist societies both comparatively to Global North and South, and as an intermediate positioning for worker exploitation and responses...... in global capitalism. 3) To achieve the first two agenda items a more grounded methodological approach proceeding from the lived experience of class and work is proposed. Current research on social networks, memory studies and personhood, the informal economy, deindustrialization, and the ‘domestication...

  1. Regulation of Abortion as State-Socialist Governmentality: The Case of Czechoslovakia

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Dudová, Radka

    2012-01-01

    Roč. 8, č. 1 (2012), s. 123-144 ISSN 1743-923X R&D Projects: GA ČR GAP404/10/0021 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z70280505 Keywords : abortion * governmentality * bodily citizenship Subject RIV: AO - Sociology, Demography Impact factor: 0.882, year: 2012 http://journals.cambridge.org/repo_A85lXzcV

  2. A Theory’s Travelogue: Post-Colonial Theory in Post-Socialist Space

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Hladík, Radim

    2011-01-01

    Roč. 33, č. 4 (2011), s. 561-590 ISSN 1210-0250 R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GAP401/11/2338 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z90090514 Keywords : post-socialism * post-colonialism * traveling theory * comparative perspective * post-communism Subject RIV: AA - Philosophy ; Religion

  3. 78 FR 50387 - Certain Frozen Warmwater Shrimp From the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: Final Affirmative...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-19

    ... Blanchard Seafood, Inc.; Dominick Seafood; Fisherman's Reef Packing Plant; Golden Gulf Coast Pkg. Co., Inc...-caught warmwater species include, but are not limited to, whiteleg shrimp (Penaeus vannemei), banana...

  4. 75 FR 3446 - Certain Frozen Warmwater Shrimp From the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: Preliminary Intent To...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-21

    ...-frozen) and peeled shrimp; (2) to which a ``dusting'' layer of rice or wheat flour of at least 95 percent... with the flour; (4) with the non- shrimp content of the end product constituting between four and 10... Department considers, inter alia, such factors as: (1) The timing of the sale; (2) the price and quantity; (3...

  5. Free markets and dead mothers: the social ecology of maternal mortality in post-socialist Mongolia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Janes, Craig R; Chuluundorj, Oyuntsetseg

    2004-06-01

    Beginning in 1990, Mongolia, a former client state of what was then the Soviet Union, undertook liberal economic reforms. These came as a great shock to Mongolia and Mongolians, and resulted in food shortages, reports of famine, widespread unemployment, and a collapse of public health and health care. Although economic conditions have stabilized in recent years, unemployment and poverty are still at disturbingly high levels. One important consequence of the transition has been the transformation of the rural, primarily pastoral, economy. With de-collectivization, herding households have been thrown into a highly insecure subsistence mode of production, and, as a consequence, have become vulnerable to local fluctuations in rainfall and availability and quality of forage, and many now lack access to traded staples and essential commodities. Household food insecurity, malnutrition, and migration of impoverished households to provincial centers and the capital of Ulaanbaatar are one result. Reductions to investments in the health sector have also eroded the quality of services in rural areas, and restricted access to those services still functioning. Evidence suggests that women are particularly vulnerable to these political-ecological changes, and that this vulnerability is manifested in increasing rates of poor reproductive health and maternal mortality. Drawing on case-study ethnographic and epidemiological data, this article explores the links between neoliberal economic reform and maternal mortality in Mongolia.

  6. According to Lenin's Design: Socialist Reforms in Agriculture and the Training of Specialists

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sagaidachnaia, Z. A.

    1971-01-01

    The use of agricultural specialists with leadership training from the social sciences was a key program in the socialization of the rural population in communist ideology and in the advancement of agricultural production. (MB)

  7. Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Wastes and Other Matter; Convenio Sobre la Prevencion de la Contaminacion del mar por Vertimiento de Desechos y Otras Materias

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1974-06-11

    The Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Wastes and Other Matter was drawn up at the Inter-Governmental Conference on the Dumping of Wastes at Sea, held in London from 30 October to 10 November 1972. The Governments of Mexico, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the United States of America are the Depository Governments for instruments of ratification of, and accession to, the Convention, pursuant to Articles XVII and XVIII respectively [Spanish] El Convenio sobre la Prevencion de la Contaminacion del Mar por Vertimiento de Desechos y otras Materias fue elaborado en la Conferencia Intergubernamental para el Convenio sobre Vertimiento de Desechos en el Mar, celebrada en Londres del 30 de octubre al 10 de noviembre de 1972. Los Gobiernos de los Estados Unidos de America, Mexico, Reino Unido de Gran Bretana e Irlanda del Norte y Union de Republicas Socialistas Sovieticas son los Gobiernos depositarios de los instrumentos de ratificacion del Convenio y de adhesion al mismo, en conformidad con los Articulos XVII y XVIII, respectivamente.

  8. From 1962 the teaching of Methodology of Radioisotopes is continuous in the University of Buenos Aires of the Argentine Republic; Desde 1962 la ensenanza de Metodologia de Radioisotopos es continua en la Universidad de Buenos Aires de la Republica Argentina

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rivera, E; Cremaschi, G; Martin, G; Zubillaga, M; Cricco, G; Davio, C; Genaro, A; Bianchin, A; Mohamad, N; Klecha, A; Calmanovici, G; Goldman, G; Salgueiro, J; Nunez, M; Medina, V; Gutierrez, A; Leonardi, N; Bergoc, R [Laboratorio de Radioisotopos, Facultad de Farmacia y Bioquimica, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Junin 956, 1113- Buenos Aires (Argentina)

    2006-07-01

    In the Faculty of Pharmacy and Biochemistry of the University of Buenos Aires the teaching of the radioisotopes began in 1960 and uninterruptedly continuous. The application of the radioisotopes and the radiations in different professional activities it is acceptable only in a context of radiological safety and with personal appropriately trained. Conscious of it, the training in grade, postgraduate and technicature, has more of 40% of the thematic one guided to the formation in radiological protection. The courses dictated at the moment in the Laboratory of Radioisotopes they include: Grade formation: to) Subject grade 'Methodology of Radioisotopes' in the Career of Biochemistry: it began to be dictated in 1960 and until the present, more of 6500 students they have gone by our classrooms. b) Grade subject 'Radiopharmacy' in the Career of Pharmacy: guided to the formation of a modern pharmacist, with necessary knowledge to be developed as professional in the Radiopharmaceutical area. Postgraduate formation: c) Postgraduate course of Methodology of Radioisotopes specially directed to biochemical, biologists, veterinarians, chemical. It is dictated uninterruptedly from 1962. d) Postgraduate course in Methodology of Radioisotopes for medical professionals, specially directed to professionals of the medicine that want to specialize in different branches of the Nuclear Medicine. Both courses have 220 present hours and it stops their approval the assistants they should surrender a final exam at open book that consists on the resolution of a practical exercise adapted to their professional practices. Until the present they have surrendered their exams satisfactorily approximately 2000 professionals coming from different areas of the Argentina and of several countries of Hispanic speech. e) Starting from 1992 the Course of Upgrade in Methodology of Radioisotopes directed to professionals that want to upgrade its knowledge in new radioisotopic methodologies is dictated. Formation of university extension: f) Methodology of Radioisotopes like Technicature. From 1962, the training of technicians was made parallel to that of professionals. From 1997 a Specific Course of Technicians in Nuclear Medicine is dictated, with an own curricular organization and chord to the basic formation of the assistants and its particular professional expectation. All the courses are credited by the Argentine Nuclear Regulatory Authority (ARN). The approval requires of a written exam and a colloquy in which the assistants demonstrate to be able to implement the measures of radiological protection in their labor environments. In their dictation participate professionals of the more high academic level (Ph.D.) and noted member specialists of the ARN. (Author)

  9. La vegetación tropical en el confort climático urbano: aplicado a Santo Domingo, Republica Dominicana en comparación con el clima mediterráneo, Barcelona, España

    OpenAIRE

    Rojas Cortorreal, Gilkauris María

    2013-01-01

    La investigación a realizar explora las características de la vegetación en la arquitectura en climas tropicales cálidos – húmedo y clima templado mediterráneo. La vegetación es un elementos que poseemos en nuestro entorno, creando microclimas, aporte importante en la arquitectura y sobre todo en el confort. Estudiando su historia y características disgregaremos los factores de el arbolado para evaluar sus funciones y aportes climáticos. Por lo que la investigación nos conlleva...

  10. Prevalence of molar-incisor hypomineralization (MIH) in children seeking dental care at the Schools of Dentistry of the University of Buenos Aires (Argentina) and University of la Republica (Uruguay).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biondi, Ana M; López Jordi, María del C; Cortese, Silvina G; Alvarez, Licet; Salveraglio, Inés; Ortolani, Andrea M

    2012-01-01

    The objectives of this study are to compare the prevalence of MIH in children seeking dental care spontaneously at the Department of Comprehensive Children's Dentistry of the University of Buenos Aires (UBA) and Department of Pediatric Dentistry of the University of La República (UdelaR) and to analyze the distribution according to year of birth, sex, age, number of affected teeth and maximum degree of severity in molars and incisors. During 2010, nine pediatric dentists from both schools (Kappa = 0.94) assessed all children born between 1993 and 2003 whose 4 first molars and 8 permanent incisors had erupted. Specially designed charts were used to record sex, year of birth, institution, presence of MIH, number of affected incisors and molars and maximum degree of severity for each tooth. Two groups were formed: UBA: A (n = 512) and UdelaR: B (n = 463). 975 children (11.6 +/- 2.67 years) were evaluated. The prevalence of MIH in the total sample was 6.56%, without significant differences between A and B (p = 0.76). There was no significant difference between groups regarding age (p = 0. 95) or sex (p = 0.30). A significant increase was found in both institutions according to year of birth during the study period. (A: p = 0.0017) B: p = 0. 0058). The results of this study show a similar prevalence of MIH among patients seeking dental care at the Schools of Dentistry of the University of Buenos Aires (Argentina) and University of la República (Uruguay). No significant difference was found comparing the distribution by sex, affected teeth or severity of each tooth. A highly significant positive correlation was found regarding the year of birth. The relevance of MIH as an emerging pathology requires studies on larger samples covering the entire countries.

  11. Importanța și oportunitatea activității practico-științifice a judecătorului la exercitarea și consolidarea actului de justiție in Republica Moldova

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Furdui Sergiu

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Activity on justice court under authority delegated by law, as a spear tip in the exercise of rule of law, is monitored and watched very carefully by the public and thus the scientific-practical activity, which is a part, is expressed most clearly and clear views on issues of law hearing the proceedings. Practical and scientific Activity meets the various court actions, such as developing and publishing opinions on the problems faced by law, teaching activity - teachers, trainers at the National Institute of Justice, the preparation and presentation to conferences, seminars, symposiums, participation in working group drafting the law, decisions explanatory speeches in public debates on legal issues, etc.. Without claiming to be relevant or achieve perfect degree, mention that not all actions that form the practical activity - scientific judge, either in terms of approach and motivation, or just below that of legality made solutions, are immune from criticism; their promotion is designed to foster the exchange of professional opinion affirming judge for training and as representative of the judiciary. In that article I presented an important direction of the judge to stage contemporary work on this line of thought, consider that some of the things that are done will find their solution in the near future, while others still may not be aware and therefore made, decision makers will stand out, because the concern of judges to materialize in concrete scientific practical work and effective.

  12. Aşezarea tripoliană tardivă de lângă satul Voloviţa (raionul Soroca, Republica Moldova / Late Tripolian settlement near the village of Voloviţa (Soroca District, Republic of Moldova

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stanislav Ţerna

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The article publishes the materials from the surface of a new Late Tripolian settlement in the Middle Dniester region. Apart from pottery, the abundance of stone implements is quite remarkable. The analysis of the structure and typology of chipped stone artifacts points towards a large-scaled flint processing on the site. It is possible, that this settlement, dated with the Vykhvatintsy stage, specialized in the production of stone tools, and the final products were transported to other sites within a complex system of economic interrelations.

  13. La Republica Española en el exilio y la alternativa monárquica a Franco desde el final de la II Guerra Mundial hasta la resolución de las Naciones Unidas de noviembre de 1950

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miguel Angel Yuste de Paz

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Las «instituciones republicanas» mantuvieron la continuidad del régimen derrotado en el exilio. Su desunión y el orden internacional que dio lugar a la guerra fría tras la II Guerra mundial determinaron su fracaso. El régimen de Franco se constituyó en reino con la Ley de Sucesión a la Jefatura del Estado, de 26 de julio de 1947. Así, durante la dictadura de Franco existieron virtualmente un reino sin rey en España, que duró hasta la desaparición del dictador, y una República en el exilio sin territorio donde ejercer, ni legitimidad democrática que hacer valer. Un importante sector de la oposición republicana a Franco trató de llegar a un pacto con los monárquicos para un plan de transición que quedó herido de muerte en 1948 cuando el 25 de agosto Don Juan se entrevistó con Franco en el yate «Azor».The Spanish republican institutions in exile tried to keep the defeated regime out of Spain up. His lack of unity and the international new order after the Second World War that originated the Cold War were the reasons of the failure. In July 26t 1947, the Franco regime was itself constituted into kingdom with the Chief of State Succession Law. So, during the Franco dictatorial regime existed both, a kingdom with a king to be only after dictator’s death, and a Republic in the exile without territory nor democratic legitimacy to present. An important sector of the republican opposition to Franco tried to reach an agreement with the monarchist organisations forces for a transition plan. But the meeting between Franco and Don Juan in the yacht «Azor» in 25th of august 1948 meant the dead end of the agreement.

  14. Results of the ninth exercise of intercomparison in services of personal dosimetry in Argentina Republic in the year of 2011; Resultados del noveno ejercicio de intercomparacion de servicios de dosimetria personal realizado en la Republica Argentina en el ano 2011

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ferrufino, G.A.; Discacciatti, P.A.; Lopez, F.O., E-mail: gferrufino@am.gob.ar [Autoridad Regulatoria Nuclear (ARN), Buenos Aies (Argentina)

    2013-10-01

    In this paper we present the results of the ninth intercomparison exercise personal dosimetry services, conducted by the Nuclear Regulatory Authority in 2011. The exercise was designed to evaluate the performance of laboratories providing personal dosimetry services in Argentina , for X-rays and gamma radiation fields . This exercise was organized by the Nuclear Regulatory Authority with the Ministry of Health of the Nation and the Regional Reference Laboratory Centre for Dosimetry of the National Atomic Energy Commission . The irradiations were carried out in full accordance with ISO 4037-3 . Participates all private companies in Argentina serving all personal dosimetry laboratories and agencies, provincial and national. Furthermore, the Laboratories from Cuba, Brazil and Uruguay also participate. The performance of a laboratory is considered acceptable if it meets the criteria established in the IRAM- ISO 14146 , which states: 'It is recognized that at most, one-tenth of dosimeters irradiated to exceed the limits'. Of all of the laboratories that participated , 68% reported their results within the acceptance criteria above. The primary objective of this intercomparison exercise is to provide an objective tool to evaluate the ability of personnel dosimetry services. (author)

  15. Radioactive Metrology Methods in the USSR; Methodes de metrologie de la radioactivite en URSS; Metody metrologii radioaktivnosti v SSSR; Metodos de Metrologia de la Radiactividad Aplicados en la Union de Republicas Socialistas Sovieticas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aglintsev, K K; Bochkarev, V V; Grablevskij, V N; Karavaev, F M

    1960-06-15

    The authors review the methods practised in the USSR and in particular at the Mendeleev Institute of Metrology at Leningrad, for the reproduction, by means of standardized apparatus, of the units of measurement used for radioactivity (curie, gramme-equivalent of Ra, roentgen and rad). As regards the radionuclides, the standard sources regularly produced in the USSR are of two types: (1) Model sources, which are used in standardizing other radioactive substances by comparison and in calibrating radiometric and monitoring instruments; and (2) Control sources, which are used exclusively for checking the functioning of measuring instruments and the reproducibility of the data yielded by them. Model {beta} sources are made of radionuclides selected so as to provide a range of maximum energies of 0.018-2.3 MeV. Control {beta} sources are prepared from either Sr{sup 90} + Y{sup 90,} Tl{sup 204} or Pm{sup 147}. These sources cover a wide range of activities of between 20 and 10{sup 9} disintegrations per minute. Model {gamma} sources are made of either Ra, Co{sup 60} or Cs{sup 137}. The range of activities covered by these standards falls between the orders of magnitude of 10{sup 11} and 5 gramme-equivalents of Ra. The control {gamma} sources are based on the same radionuclides as mentioned above. Their activities cover a very wide range and they vary very considerably in form and size. Lastly, the model neutron sources are of two types: Ra-a{alpha}-Be (containing 1-1000 mg Ra) and Pu-a{alpha}-Be (containing 0.01-15 g Pu). The Ra-a-Be sources consist of a compressed mixture of RaBr{sub 2} and powdered Be with a Ra/Be ratio of 1 : 6 by weight. The Pu-{alpha}-Be sources consist of an alloy (PuBe{sub 13}) of these two metals. (author) [French] Les auteurs passent en revue les methodes pratiquees en USSR, et plus particulierement a l'Institut de metrologie ''Mendeleev'' de Leningrad, pour la reproduction - a l'aide d'appareils standardises - des unites de mesure utilisees en radioactivite (curie, equivalent-gramm e de Ra, roentgen, rad). En ce qui concerne les radionuclides, les sources etalons couramment produites en URSS sont de deux types: 1. Sources modeles servant a l'etalonnage par comparaison d'autres preparations radioactives, ainsi qu'au calibrage d'appareils radiometrique s et de moniteurs de rayonnement; 2. Sources de controle servant exclusivement a la verification du fonctionnement et au controle de la reproductibilite des indications fournies par les appareils de mesure. Les sources a modeles sont preparees par depot electrolytique sur platine d'emetteurs convenablemen t choisis (U naturel, U{sup 233}, Pu{sup 239}, Am{sup 241}). Peuvent etre fournies des activites variant de 30 a 10{sup 6} desintegrations par minute. Les sources a de controle sont constituees par un depot electrolytique de Pu{sup 239} en couche de masse specifique variant de 3.10{sup -9} a 0.7 mg/cm{sup 2}, ce qui corres- pond a des activites allant de 10 jusqu'a 10{sup 8} desintegrations par minute. Les sources {beta} modeles sont constituees de radionuclides choisis de facon a assurer une gamme d'energies limites allant de 0.018 MeV a 2.3 MeV. Les sources {beta} de controle sont faites soit de Sr{sup 90} + Y{sup 90}, soit de Tl{sup 204}, soit enfin de Pm{sup 147}. Ces sources couvrent une large gamme d'activites, entre 20 et 10{sup 9} desintegrations par minute. Les sources {gamma} modeles sont constituees soit de Ra, soit de Co{sup 60}, soit enfin de Cs{sup 137}. La gamme des activites de ces etalons est comprise entre les ordres de grandeur 10{sup -11} et 5 equivalents-gramm e de Ra. Les sources {gamma} de controle sont preparees a partir des memes radionuclides que ci-dessus. Les activites couvrent une gamme tres etendue, les sources ayant des formes et dimensions tres variees. Enfin, les sources modeles de neutrons sont de deux sortes: Ra-{alpha}-Be (contenant de 1 a 1000 mg de Ra) et Pu-{alpha}-Be (contenant de 0.01 a 15 g Pu). Les sources Ra-{alpha}-Be sont constituees par un melange comprime de RaBr{sub 2} et de Be en poudre avec un rapport en poids Ra/Be = 1 : 6. Les sources Pu-{alpha}-Be sont formees d'un alliage (PuBe{sub 13}) de ces deux metaux. (author) [Spanish] Los autores estudian los procedimientos que se emplean en la Union Sovietica, y especialmente en el Instituto de Metrologia ''Mendeleev'' de Leningrado, para la determinacion - con ayuda de aparatos normalizados - de las unidades de medida utilizadas en la esfera de la radiactividad (curie, equivalente gramo del Ra, roentgen y rad). En la Union Sovietica se producen actualmente dos clases de fuentes patron: 1. Fuentes modelo que sirven para llevar a cabo trabajos de contraste por comparacion de otros preparados radiactivos, asi como para el calibrado de aparatos radiometricos y de monitores de radiaciones; 2. Fuentes de control, destinadas exclusivamente a la verificacion del funcionamiento de los aparatos de medicion y al control de la reproducibilidad de las indicaciones facilitadas por los mismos. Las fuentes a modelo se preparan depositando electroliticament e emisores adecuados (U natural, U{sup 233}, Pu{sup 239}, Am{sup 241}) sobre platino. Pueden suministrarse fuentes cuyas actividades se encuentren comprendidas entre 30 y 10{sup 6} desintegraciones por minuto. En cuanto a las fuentes a de control, se obtienen mediante deposito electrolitico de Pu{sup 239} en una capa cuya masa especifica abarca de 3 X 10{sup -9} a 0.7 mg/cm{sup 2}; estos valores corresponden a actividades de 10 y 10{sup 8} desintegracione s por minuto, respectivamente. Para las fuentes{beta} modelo, se eligen radionuclidos que proporcionan una gama de energias limite de 0.018 a 2.3 MeV. Las fuentes {beta} de control estan constituidas por Sr{sup 90} + Y{sup 90}, TI{sup 204} o Pm{sup 147}. Las actividades de estas fuentes abarcan de 20 a 10{sup 9} desintegracione s por minuto. Las fuentes {gamma} modelo estan formadas por Ra, So{sup 60} o Cs{sup 137}. Los limites inferior y superior de la actividad de estos patrones son 10{sup -11} y 5 equivalentes gramo del Ra, respectivamente . Las fuentes {gamma} de control se preparan partiendo de los mismos radionuclidos que las fuentes y modelo. Sus actividades abarcan un intervalo muy amplio y las fuentes presentan formas y dimensiones sumamente diversas. Por ultimo, se utilizan dos clases de fuentes neutronicas modelo Ra-{alpha}-Be (con un contenido de 1 a 1000 mg de Ra) y Pu-{alpha}-Be (conteniendo de 0.01 a 15 g de Pu). Las fuentes Ra-{alpha}-Be consisten en una mezcla comprimida de RaBr{sub 2} y de Be en polvo, siendo la razon ponderal Ra/Be igual a 1/6. En cuanto a las fuentes Pu-{alpha}-Be, se preparan con una aleacion (PuBe{sub 13}) de estos dos metales. (author) [Russian] Avtory opisyvayut metody, primenyaemye v SSSR, i, v chastnosti, v institute metrologii im. Mendeleeva (Leningrad) dlya vosproizvodstv a pri pomoshchi standartnykh apparatov edinits izmereniya, ispol'zuemykh v radioaktivnosti (kyuri, gramm-ehkvivalen t radiya, rentgen, rad). Dlya radionuklido v v Sovetskom Soyuze proizvodyatsya istochnikiehtalony dvukh vidov: 1. Model'nye istochniki dlya sravnitel'nog o ehtalonirovani ya drugikh radioaktivnykh preparatov, a takzhe dlya kalibrovki radiometricheski kh priborov i kontrol'nykh priborov za izlucheniem; 2. Kontrol'nye istochniki, sluzhashchie isklyuchitel'n o dlya proverki raboty i kontrolya za vosproizvodimost' yu ukazanij izmeritel'ny kh priborov. Model'nye a-istochniki prigotovlyayuts ya pri pomoshchi ehlektrolitiche - skogo osazhdeniya na platine dolzhnym obrazom vybrannykh izluchatelej (estestvennyj uran, uran-233, plutonij-239, ameritsij-241). EHti istochniki mogut obespechivat' aktivnost' ot do 10{sup 6} raspadov v minutu. Kontrol'nye {alpha}-istochniki prigotovlyayuts ya putem ehlektroliticheskog o osazhdeniya plutoniya-239 v vide sloya s plotnost'yu ot 3 X 10-{sup 9} do 0,7 mg/em2, chto sootvetstvuet aktivnosti ot 10 do 10{sup 8} raspadov v minutu. Model'nye {beta}-istochniki prigotovlyayuts ya iz radionuklidov , vybrannykh takim obrazom, chtoby obespechit' diapazon ehnergij ot 0,018 mehv do 2,3 mehv. Kontrol'nye {beta}-istochniki prigotovlyayuts ya libo iz strontsiya-90 plyus ittrij-90, libo iz talliya-204, libo iz prometiya-147. EHti istochniki okhvatyvayut shirokij diapazon aktivnosti ot 20 do 10{sup 9} raspadov v minutu. Model'nye {gamma}-istochniki prigotovlyayuts ya libo iz radiya, libo iz kobal'ta-60, libo iz tseziya-137. diapazon aktivnostej ehtikh ehtalonov okhvatyvaet velichiny ot 10-{sup 11} do 5 grammov-ehkvivalento v radiya. Kontrol'nye u-istochniki prigotovlyayuts ya iz vysheukazanny kh radionuklidov. Aktivnosti okhvatyvayut ochen' shirokij diapazon, poskol'ku istochniki imeyut ves'ma razlichnuyu formu i razmery. Nakonets, model'nye istochniki nejtronov byvayut dvukh vidov: radija-{alpha}-berillij (soderzhashchij ot 1 do 1000 mg radiya) i plutonij-{alpha}-berilli j (soderzhashchij ot 0,01 do 15 grammov plutoniya). Istochniki radij-{alpha}-berilli j prigotovlyayutsya iz pressovannoj smesi RaBr{sub 2} i poroshkovogo berilliya s vesovym sootnosheniem Ra/Be = 1/6. Istochniki plutonij-a-berilli j obrazuyutsya iz splava (PuBe{sub 13}) ehtikh dvukh metallov. (author)

  16. IMPACTO DE LA DINAMICA MIGRATORIA LABORAL EN EL CONTEXTO DE CUCUTA (COLOMBIA) - UREÑA Y SAN ANTONIO (REPUBLICA BOLIVARIANA DE VENEZUELA). ANALISIS DESDE EL ENFOQUE DE GENERO EN EL SECTOR TEXTIL

    OpenAIRE

    Marquez Alvarez, Erick Mauricio; Silva Mantilla, Jorge Alberto

    2014-01-01

    Este trabajo analiza desde un sector de la economía (textil) la situación que afrontan los trabajadores de la frontera en la república bolivariana de Venezuela. Dejando como conclusión la falta de una legislación binacional mas efectiva en materia laboral que permita una mejora en la remuneración y prestaciones sociales en ambos lados de la frontera mas dinámica de latinoamericana.

  17. Estudio hidrogeológico y de calidad de agua en el sector oriental de la Sierra de San Javier entre las localidades de Yerba Buena y el Manantial. Provincia de Tucuman, Republica Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D’Urso, C. H.

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available The study area is located in the center west of the county of Tucumán, in the NW of Argentina. It extends from the oriental border of San Javier’s mountain between the towns of Yerba Buena and Manantial. In the piedmont zone and plain, have settled down diverse urban, agricultural centers and an important industrial complex that are supplied by underground water. The objective of this paper is to define the different geologic factors that impact in the behavior of the underground water and to define areas with appropriate hydrogeological characteristics for its use. The investigation determined that the water contained in the aquifers is of good quality and due to the high permeability, important flows can be obtained, that guarantee the supply to the population, agriculture and industry.La zona de estudio está ubicada en el centro oeste de la provincia de Tucumán, en el noroeste de Argentina. Se extiende desde el borde oriental de la sierra de San Javier entre las localidades de Yerba Buena y el Manantial. En el piedemonte y llanura se han establecido diversos centros urbanos, agrícolas y un importante complejo industrial que se abastecen de agua subterránea. El objetivo del trabajo es delimitar los distintos factores geológicos que inciden en el comportamiento del agua subterránea y tratar de definir zonas con características hidrogeológicas apropiadas para su aprovechamiento. De esta investigación se determinó que el agua que contienen los acuíferos es de buena calidad y debido a la elevada permeabilidad de los mismos, se pueden obtener importantes caudales, con lo que se garantiza el abastecimiento a la población, agricultura e industria.

  18. Carbon and oxygen isotopes in carbonatites from Puna, Jujuy and Salta, Argentina; Isotopos de carbono y oxigeno en carbonatitas en la Puna Oriental, Provincias de Jujuy y Salta, Republica Argentina

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zappettini, Eduardo O; Rubiolo, Daniel [Servicio Geologico Minero Argentino (SEGEMAR), Buenos Aires (Argentina). Instituto de Geologia y Recursos Naturales; Hubberten, Hans W [Alfred-Wegener-Institut fuer Polar- und Meeresforschung, Bremerhaven (Germany)

    1998-07-01

    {delta}{sup 13} and {delta}{sup 18}O data from carbonatites indicate that bodies formed by crystallization of carbonate magma with subsequent formation of metasomatic and hydrothermal carbonatitic veins. The isotopic data are consistent with the available geochemical and petrologic information. (author)

  19. Preliminary results of the national program of audit of quality in radiotherapy services in the Republic of Cuba; Resultados preliminares del programa nacional de auditoria de calidad en servicios de radioterapia en la Republica de Cuba

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dominguez Hung, Lourdes; Larrinaga Cortina, Eduardo F. [Centro de Control Estatal de Equipos Medicos, La Habana (Cuba); Morales Lopez, Jorge L.; Garcia Yip, Fernando [Instituto Nacional de Oncologia y Radiobiologia, La Habana (Cuba); Campa Menendez, Raudel [Centro de Proteccion y Higiene de las Radiaciones, La Habana (Cuba)

    2001-07-01

    The current state of the radiotherapy in Cuba has allowed to pass to a superior stage, the establishment of a National Quality Audit Program (PNAC). The National Control Center for Medical Devices as national regulator entity for the control and supervision of the medical devices of the National Health System is the responsible for it implementation. This paper presents the preliminary results of the execution of the PNAC in teletherapy services with isotopic units of {sup 60} Co. The audits were carried out according to the methodology settled down in the normalized procedure of operation of the PNAC. The physical aspects related with the treatment were audit, such as: the installation and unit's security, treatment unit's mechanical and dosimetric aspects and organizational aspects of the institution quality assurance program. Also were carried out, in the clinical aspect, verifications of cases type planned by the qualified personnel of the service. The results corresponding to the determination of the reference dose for each institution were compared with those obtained in a postal audit with the International Atomic Energy Agency. These first audits allowed to evaluate the performance of the institution's program of quality assurance and a feedback for the setting about to the PNAC. (author)

  20. Actions to achieve competence in radiation protection practices in the Republic of Cuba; Acciones para lograr la competencia en proteccion radiologica en las practicas en la Republica de Cuba

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Prendes Alonso, M.; Tomas Zerquera, J.; Valdes Ramos, M., E-mail: prendes@cphr.edu.cu [Centro de Proteccion e Higiene de las Radiaciones (CPHR), Agencia de Energia Nuclear y Tecnologias de Avanzada, La Habana (Cuba); Guillen Campos, A. [Centro Nacional de Seguridad Nuclear (CNSN), La Habana (Cuba); Santana Nunez, J.F. [Agencia de Energia Nuclear y Tecnologias de Avanzada (AENTA), La Habana (Cuba)

    2013-07-01

    The article addresses the goals of a national project created with the purpose of systematize all actions of the country in this area, including the definition of the responsibilities of the participating institutions and the actions to ensure consistency with the guidelines of the IAEA in this field.The experiences of projects currently being developed in other countries, as it is the case of the European project ENETRAP, were taken into account in the conception of the project and its contents. The work also describes other actions that this field is developing in the country.

  1. Compensation for damage to workers health exposed to ionizing radiation in Argentina; Compensacion por danios a la salud de los trabajadores ocupacionalmente expuestos a las radiaciones ionizantes en la Republica Argentina

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sobehart, Leonardo J

    2003-07-01

    The objective of this report is to analyze the possibility to establish a scheme to compensate damage to workers health exposed to ionizing radiation in Argentina for those cases in which it is possible to assume that the exposure to ionizing radiation is the cause of the cancer suffered by the worker. The proposed scheme is based on the recommendations set out in the 'International Conference on Occupational Radiation Protection: Protecting Workers against Exposure to Ionization Radiation, held in Geneva, Switzerland, August 26-30, 2002. To this end, the study analyzes the present state of scientific knowledge on cancer causation due to genotoxic factors, and the accepted form of the doses-response curve, for the human beings exposure to ionization radiation at low doses with low doses rates. Finally, the labor laws and regulations related to damage compensation; in particular the present Argentine Labor Law; the National Russian Federal Occupational Radiological Health Impairment and Workmen Compensation, the United Kingdom Compensation Scheme for Radiation-linked Diseases and the United States Energy Employees Occupational Illness Compensation Program are described. (author)

  2. From 1962 the teaching of Methodology of Radioisotopes is continuous in the University of Buenos Aires of the Argentine Republic; Desde 1962 la ensenanza de Metodologia de Radioisotopos es continua en la Universidad de Buenos Aires de la Republica Argentina

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rivera, E.; Cremaschi, G.; Martin, G.; Zubillaga, M.; Cricco, G.; Davio, C.; Genaro, A.; Bianchin, A.; Mohamad, N.; Klecha, A.; Calmanovici, G.; Goldman, G.; Salgueiro, J.; Nunez, M.; Medina, V.; Gutierrez, A.; Leonardi, N.; Bergoc, R. [Laboratorio de Radioisotopos, Facultad de Farmacia y Bioquimica, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Junin 956, 1113- Buenos Aires (Argentina)]. e-mail: rmbergoc@arnet.com.ar

    2006-07-01

    In the Faculty of Pharmacy and Biochemistry of the University of Buenos Aires the teaching of the radioisotopes began in 1960 and uninterruptedly continuous. The application of the radioisotopes and the radiations in different professional activities it is acceptable only in a context of radiological safety and with personal appropriately trained. Conscious of it, the training in grade, postgraduate and technicature, has more of 40% of the thematic one guided to the formation in radiological protection. The courses dictated at the moment in the Laboratory of Radioisotopes they include: Grade formation: to) Subject grade 'Methodology of Radioisotopes' in the Career of Biochemistry: it began to be dictated in 1960 and until the present, more of 6500 students they have gone by our classrooms. b) Grade subject 'Radiopharmacy' in the Career of Pharmacy: guided to the formation of a modern pharmacist, with necessary knowledge to be developed as professional in the Radiopharmaceutical area. Postgraduate formation: c) Postgraduate course of Methodology of Radioisotopes specially directed to biochemical, biologists, veterinarians, chemical. It is dictated uninterruptedly from 1962. d) Postgraduate course in Methodology of Radioisotopes for medical professionals, specially directed to professionals of the medicine that want to specialize in different branches of the Nuclear Medicine. Both courses have 220 present hours and it stops their approval the assistants they should surrender a final exam at open book that consists on the resolution of a practical exercise adapted to their professional practices. Until the present they have surrendered their exams satisfactorily approximately 2000 professionals coming from different areas of the Argentina and of several countries of Hispanic speech. e) Starting from 1992 the Course of Upgrade in Methodology of Radioisotopes directed to professionals that want to upgrade its knowledge in new radioisotopic methodologies is dictated. Formation of university extension: f) Methodology of Radioisotopes like Technicature. From 1962, the training of technicians was made parallel to that of professionals. From 1997 a Specific Course of Technicians in Nuclear Medicine is dictated, with an own curricular organization and chord to the basic formation of the assistants and its particular professional expectation. All the courses are credited by the Argentine Nuclear Regulatory Authority (ARN). The approval requires of a written exam and a colloquy in which the assistants demonstrate to be able to implement the measures of radiological protection in their labor environments. In their dictation participate professionals of the more high academic level (Ph.D.) and noted member specialists of the ARN. (Author)

  3. Submission of Republica Oriental del Uruguay to the Commission on the limits of the continental shelf pursuant to provisions of article 76, paragraph 8, of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea: executive summary

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mata Prates, C.; Tajes, J.; Burgos, M.; Caamaño; Lamartheé; Montiel, D.; Preciozzi, F.; De Santa Ana, H.

    2009-01-01

    Pursuant to provisions of article 76 of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (hereinafter the Convention), and to article 4 of Annex II of same, República Oriental del Uruguay (Uruguay) hereby submits to the Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf (the Commission) particulars on the outer limit of its continental shelf, extending beyond 200 nautical miles (M) from the baselines from which the breadth of territorial sea is measured. On December 10, 1982 Uruguay signed the Convention, which was subsequently approved by Uruguayan Law Nº 16,287, and ratified on December 10, 1992. The porvisions of article 76 invoked in Uruguay submission fixed points delimiting Uruguay’s Continental Shelf. There exist, at present, no unresolved disputes over the maritime border with either of Uruguay’s neighbouring countries, Argentina or Brazil. It was received assistance in the elaboration of this Submission April 2008, from member of the Commission and also assistance from other, non-member consultants and institutions from Germany, Brazil, Portugal and Norway

  4. Decree 212/80 11/4/80 Nuclear politic of the Uruguay eastern Republic; Decreto 212/80 11/4/80 Politica Nuclear de la Republica Oriental del Uruguay

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1980-07-01

    The ordinance 212 of the year 1980 incorporate the science and nuclear technology to the activities techniques scientific and industrials to contribute by means of their application to reach the objectives of economic and social development . It is also included general objective of the political nuclear, lines to reach this objective.

  5. From Central Planning to Markets: 20 Years of Post-Socialist Transformation in an Eastern German County

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singelmann, Joachim

    2011-01-01

    The Berlin Wall was one of the most visible symbols of two worlds that could not view each other. Thus, the fall of the Berlin Wall--and the fall of Communist regimes all over Eastern Europe, ultimately including the dissolution of the Soviet Union itself--removed the barrier to visibility. These events were revolutions that resulted in the end of…

  6. 77 FR 15039 - Certain Frozen Fish Fillets From the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: Final Results and Partial...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-14

    ... country selection from Indonesia to Bangladesh. For all other changes to the calculations of Vinh Hoan and... Economy Country Status In every case conducted by the Department involving Vietnam, Vietnam has been... government has been found to have over the economy to warrant determining a rate for the entity that is...

  7. The constraints to the economic development in the former socialist EU countries from the Central and Eastern Europe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vasile Dinu

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available In the last 25 years, most Central and Eastern European states have become detached from the centralized economy system thus demonstrating the reliability of the market economy. The unequivocal effect of the free market, with ups and downs, forces researchers to undertake increasingly complex economic analysis and further the profile of the new economy. With the accession of a number of countries from this region to the European Union there were some constraints and limitations in adopting the European acquis, whose knowledge and solution involves the use of specific policies and tools. We consider the problems related to the resolution of economic, social and technological discrepancies and gaps, of mitigating the negative impact of unfavourable demographic trends, of elucidating the role of the state amid the erosion of its duties due to the process of integration and globalization, of increasing pressure interdependencies interstate and others.

  8. Jobs, careers, and becoming a parent under state socialist and market conditions: Evidence from Estonia 1971-2006

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sunnee Billingsley

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Background: Entering employment and achieving a stable position in the labour market are considered important preconditions for childbearing. Existing studies addressing the relationship between work experience and the timing of parenthood focus exclusively on Western Europe and North America. By adding an Eastern European context before and after societal transformation, this study contributes to a more comprehensive account of the role of work experience in first-birth timing in Europe. Objective: We investigate how work experience and career development are related to the timing of parenthood in two diverse contexts in Estonia, state socialism and the market economy, and how it varies by gender and nativity. Methods: The data used come from the Estonian Health Interview Survey 2006-2007. We estimate piecewise constant event history models to analyse the transition to first birth. Results: Our results suggest that in the market economy work experience became moreimportant in the decision to enter parenthood. In the market economy the importance of work experience to entering parenthood became more similar for women and men. Non-native-origin men and women's timing of parenthood appears to have become detached from their career developments. The article discusses mechanisms that may underlie the observed patterns. Conclusions: Our study shows how work experience gained importance as a precondition for parenthood in the transition to a market economy. This lends support to the view that the increasing importance of work experience is among plausible drivers of the postponement transition that extended to Eastern Europe in the 1990s.

  9. Phases of the cooperativism in Cuba in the socialist stage. Relation between cooperatives not agricultural and co-innovation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dennis Ruiz Almeida

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available The present collaboration has like purpose to get close to the periodization of the cooperativism in Cuba like economic agent, characterized for a limited social impact in an economy highly centralized. Reflect on every one of periods once 1959 were crossed since the year, defining peculiarities and limitations. Besides, dedicate special attention to the cooperatives not agricultural (CNA, emerging actor in the national economy, approved like formal organization in the year 2012. These organizations have potentialities for the co-innovation (collaborative innovation insufficiently exploded, in spite of showing theoretic suitable attributes to develop it like focus related to management. Besides, they set themselves a set of regularities and tendencies that have characterized the theme in their socioeconomic development in Cuba.Received: 17 March 2017Accepted: 01 September 2017Published online: 22 December 2017

  10. 77 FR 3731 - Steel Wire Garment Hangers From the Socialist Republic of Vietnam and Taiwan: Initiation of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-25

    ... support using a statistically valid sampling method to poll the industry. Section 771(4)(A) of the Act...'') subheadings 7326.20.0020 and 7323.99.9080. Although the HTSUS subheadings are provided for convenience and...

  11. Towards the Expert Governance. Social Scientific Expertise and the Socialist State in Czechoslovakia, 1950s-1980s

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Sommer, Vítězslav

    2016-01-01

    Roč. 1, č. 2 (2016), s. 138-157 ISSN 2521-0947 R&D Projects: GA ČR GJ15-19437Y Institutional support: RVO:68378114 Keywords : Czechoslovakia * Communist Party * social ism Subject RIV: AB - History OBOR OECD: History (history of science and technology to be 6.3, history of specific sciences to be under the respective headings) http://serendipities.uni-graz.at/index.php/serendipities/article/view/2/pdf

  12. Claude McKay between United States and Soviet Union: African-American Identity and Socialist Utopia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fiorenzo Iuliano

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available This article analyzes Claude McKay’s essays on politics and society, especially those dealing with the racial question in the 1920s US. It reviews these texts, alongside other works (poems and autobiographical writings that McKay produced on the same topics. The article aims at tracing a trajectory in McKay’s political thought: after criticizing the social and economic structures of capitalist and colonial societies, McKay envisages in post-revolutionary USSR a utopian society for oppressed people worldwide. However, his writings, rather than depicting the actual USSR society he knew in the early 1920s, evokes the multicultural myth of the ‘melting pot’ traditionally used to celebrate the US. McKay, maybe unwillingly, enthusiastically praises the myth of American exceptionalism, referring it to the USSR.

  13. 77 FR 3440 - Utility Scale Wind Towers From the People's Republic of China and the Socialist Republic of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-24

    ... comments that they feel are relevant to the development of an accurate listing of physical characteristics... the main Department of Commerce building. In determining whether Petitioner has standing under section... price (``EP'') based on declarations of the price bid for wind towers by a certain Chinese exporter...

  14. 75 FR 61122 - Certain Frozen Warmwater Shrimp From the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: Amended Final Results of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-04

    ... which are processed from warmwater shrimp and prawns through freezing and which are sold in any count... scope of this investigation. In addition, food preparations, which are not ``prepared meals,'' that...'') freezing immediately after application of the dusting layer. Battered shrimp is a shrimp-based product that...

  15. 75 FR 75965 - Certain Frozen Warmwater Shrimp From the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: Final Results of the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-07

    ... shrimp and prawns through freezing and which are sold in any count size. The products described above may..., food preparations, which are not ``prepared meals,'' that contain more than 20 percent by weight of... subjected to IQF freezing immediately after application of the dusting layer. Battered shrimp is a shrimp...

  16. Rural/Urban Disparities in Science Achievement in Post-Socialist Countries: The Evolving Influence of Socioeconomic Status

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kryst, Erica L.; Kotok, Stephen; Bodovski, Katerina

    2015-01-01

    Disparities in educational outcomes exist between students in rural areas as compared to students in urban settings. While there is some evidence that these rural disparities are present in eastern Europe, little is known about young peoples' lives in the rural areas of this region. This paper presents an analysis of science achievement by…

  17. Warsaw Pact: The Question of Cohesion. Phase II, Volume 1. The Greater Socialist Army: Integration and Reliability,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-02-01

    235 CHAPTER 9 - Military Political Socialization : Themes and Effectiveness .................................... 268 CHAPTER 10 - Factors...by comprehensive political socialization efforts,6 the last two also coordinated by Moscow. An in-depth analysis of the national attitudes of all... Political Socialization ...," below. See Chapter 5, "Historical Precedents...," below. 8 See, for example, S.I. Bruk and M.I. Kabuzan, "Dinamika chislennosti

  18. 78 FR 39708 - Certain Frozen Fish Fillets From the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: Final Results of Antidumping...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-02

    ... parties an opportunity to comment on the Preliminary Results and, based upon our analysis of the comments... Comment I, we have now selected Indonesia as the primary surrogate country. We have also made other... information disclosed under the APO, which continues to govern business proprietary information in this...

  19. Corporate Governance in Post-Socialist Countries - Theoretical Dilemmas, Peculiarities, Research Opportunities / Külliki Tafel, Erik Terk, Alari Purju

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tafel, Külliki

    2006-01-01

    Äriühingute valitsemine postsotsialistlikes riikides - teoreetilised dilemmad, eripärad, uurimisvõimalused. Skeemid: Internal and external relations of corporate governanace; The changing context of corporate governance

  20. Lifelong Teacher Education in the Czechoslovakian Socialist Republic with Especial Reference to the Training of Teachers in Special Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cerna, Marie

    1987-01-01

    The structure of the Czechoslovak system of preservice and inservice teacher education introduced by Education Act No. 29 of 1984 is described. The preparation of special education teachers is given particular emphasis. (Author/MT)

  1. The Impact of Dealing with the Late Effects of National Socialist Terror on West German Psychiatric Care.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Söhner, Felicitas; Baader, Gerhard

    2018-06-01

    Health damages and the late effects of NS trauma were largely ignored in German-speaking countries. This paper describes how dealing with the late effects of Nazi terror influenced post-war psychiatry in West Germany and thus the development of the psychiatric reform. As part of a greater overview study of the impulses and framework conditions of the reform-orientated development of post-war psychiatry in West Germany, this analysis is based on a thorough literary and documentary analysis. The sources show that publications by Helmut Paul and Herberg [81] as well as Baeyer et al. [12] can be considered as remarkable milestones. The awareness of psychological late effects of NS persecution was only reluctantly taken up by the scientific community. Nevertheless, this discussion was an essential component of the reform-orientated psychiatry in West Germany in the late 1960s to 1970s.

  2. 77 FR 75980 - Steel Wire Garment Hangers From the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: Final Determination of Sales...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-26

    ... following companies: Acton Co., Ltd.; Angang Clothes Rack Manufacture Co.; Asmara Home Vietnam; B2B Co., Ltd...\\ M&B Metal Products Company, Inc.; Innovative Fabrication LLC/Indy Hanger; and US Hanger Company, LLC... South East Asia Hamico Export Joint Stock Company (``Hamico'') and the TJ Group as mandatory respondents...

  3. Universal Patterns or the Tale of Two Systems? Mathematics Achievement and Educational Expectations in Post-Socialist Europe

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bodovski, Katerina; Kotok, Stephen; Henck, Adrienne

    2014-01-01

    Although communist ideology claimed to destroy former class stratification based on labour market capitalist relationships, "de facto" during socialism one social class hierarchy was substituted for another that was equally unequal. The economic transition during the 1990s increased stratification by wealth, which affected educational…

  4. We do not recognise anything 'private': public interest and private law under the socialist legal tradition and beyond

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mańko, R.; Sitek, B.; Szczerbowski, J.J.; Bauknecht, A.W.; Szpanowska, M.; Wasyliszyn, K.

    2015-01-01

    In line with Lenin’s famous quote that Bolsheviks "do not recognise anything private" and that private law must be permeated with public interest, the private (civil) law of the USSR and other countries of the Soviet bloc, including Poland underwent reform aimed at furthering the public interest at

  5. We do not recognise anything 'private': public interest and private law under the socialist legal tradition and beyond

    OpenAIRE

    Mańko, R.; Sitek, B.; Szczerbowski, J.J.; Bauknecht, A.W.; Szpanowska, M.; Wasyliszyn, K.

    2015-01-01

    In line with Lenin’s famous quote that Bolsheviks "do not recognise anything private" and that private law must be permeated with public interest, the private (civil) law of the USSR and other countries of the Soviet bloc, including Poland underwent reform aimed at furthering the public interest at the expense of the private one. Specific legal institutions were introduced for this purpose, in the form of legal innovations, loosely, if at all, based on pre-existing Western models. In the Poli...

  6. 77 FR 19211 - Circular Welded Carbon-Quality Steel Pipe From the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: Preliminary...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-30

    ..., and it did not export any subject merchandise to the United States through a trading company... on Import and Export Tax, goods imported from foreign countries into non-tariff zones for use only in non-tariff zones are not liable for import duties. In accordance with Decree 29/2008/ND-CP issuing...

  7. Orthopaedics in Germany under the influence of National-Socialist healt-politic in the years 1933-1945.

    Science.gov (United States)

    von Grabowski, Michał T W

    2015-01-01

    In the paper the health-care of physically disabled patients in Germany before, during and after the II world war are discussed. The circumstances of introduction of "Racial-Hygiene" - laws and orthopedic indications for the sterilization and euthanasia are described. Patients with severe physical and mental disabilities were potential candidates for annihilation. The tragic fate of jewish physicians is remembered. The activity of board of the German Orthopeadic Society (DOG) in the years 1933-1945 is described and critically analysed.

  8. Love Will Keep Us Apart? Understanding Living Apart Together Partnerships in the Post-state-socialist Czech Republic

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Formánková, Lenka; Křížková, Alena

    2015-01-01

    Roč. 51, č. 6 (2015), s. 993-1022 ISSN 0038-0288 R&D Projects: GA ČR GA15-13766S; GA ČR GAP404/10/0021 Institutional support: RVO:68378025 Keywords : living apart together * biographical research * gender * new forms of partnership * family policy Subject RIV: AO - Sociology, Demography Impact factor: 0.262, year: 2015 http://sreview.soc.cas.cz/cs/issue/180-sociologicky-casopis-czech-sociological-review-6-2015/3580

  9. Medieval socialist realism : Representations of Tallinn Old Town in Soviet Estonian Feature Films, 1969-1972 / Eva Näripea

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Näripea, Eva

    2004-01-01

    Tallinna keskaegse vanalinna kujutamine Nõukogude Eesti mängufilmides : "Viimne reliikvia" (režii Grigori Kromanov, Tallinnfilm 1969), "Varastati Vana Toomas" (režii Semjon Shkolnikov, Tallinnfilm 1970), "Kolme katku vahel" (režii Virve Aruoja, Eesti Telefilm 1970), "Don Juan Tallinnas" (režii Arvo Kruusement, Tallinnfilm 1971), "Verekivi" (režii Madis Ojamaa, Tallinnfilm 1972)

  10. 77 FR 75984 - Utility Scale Wind Towers From the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: Final Determination of Sales at...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-26

    ... Determination 1. Steel Plate 2. Surrogate Financial Statements 3. Financial Ratio Adjustments 4. Packed Weight... financial statements for Ganges International Pvt Ltd. for purposes of calculating the surrogate financial ratios. Scope of the Investigation The merchandise covered by this investigation are certain wind towers...

  11. 76 FR 35403 - Certain Frozen Fish Fillets From the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: Final Results of the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-17

    ... Comparable Merchandise C. Data Considerations Comment II: Surrogate Values A. Financial Ratios i. Whether To Reject Gemini's Financial Ratios Due to the Subsidies Listed in the Financial Statement ii. Which Financial Statements Represent the Best Source for Calculating Financial Ratios B. Byproducts i. Fish Waste...

  12. 78 FR 17350 - Certain Frozen Fish Fillets From the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: Final Results of Antidumping...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-21

    ... Considerations--Whole Live Fish Comment II: Surrogate Financial Ratios Comment III: Labor Comment IV: Sawdust... parties an opportunity to comment on the Preliminary Results. Based upon our analysis of the comments and... description of the Scope of the Order. Analysis of Comments Received All issues raised in the case and...

  13. 76 FR 56158 - Certain Frozen Warmwater Shrimp From the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: Final Results and Final...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-12

    ... F. Purchased Ice G. Water H. Containerization I. Labor J. Financial Ratios Comment 3: Zeroing... parties an opportunity to comment on the Preliminary Results and, based upon our analysis of the comments... to comment on the Preliminary Results. Between April 4, 2011, and April 25, 2011, the Department...

  14. 75 FR 38985 - Certain Frozen Fish Fillets From the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: Final Results of the Fifth...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-07

    .... Whole Live Fish. B. Surrogate Financial Ratios. Comment 3: Indirect Labor. Comment 4: Factors of... of the comments and information received, we made changes to the dumping margin calculation for the... value data, surrogate value rebuttal comments, case and rebuttal briefs. See Memorandum to the File...

  15. Critical analysis of the socialist proposition to reduce the nuclear share to 50% of the electric mix by 2025

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nifenecker, H.

    2011-01-01

    After having recalled the situation of the French energy mix in 2010, this paper analyses the consequences of the different options which can be chosen to balance a reduction of the nuclear share in this mix. These different scenarios are: replacement by fossil (gas or coal) energy plants, replacement by renewable energies (here comes a discussion of wind energy limitations), decrease of energy consumption and increase of gas-based energy production. The author also discusses a comparison between the use of a direct gas or fuel heating and the use of electricity produced by gas power plants

  16. Made in the GDR : the changing geographies of women in the post-socialist rural society in Mecklenburg-Westpommerania

    OpenAIRE

    Hoven-Iganski, Bettina van

    1999-01-01

    This thesis explores women's experiences in rural areas under state socialism in the GDR and in the New Germany since 1989. The study is located within feminist geographical thinking and draws on a variety of qualitative and quantitative sources. Data for the research were collated through various research methods both qualitative and quantitative including correspondence, focus group interviews, key informant interviews, and the consultation of documentary evidence and statist...

  17. 76 FR 77485 - Certain Frozen Fish Fillets From the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: Preliminary Results of the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-13

    ... and sign contracts and other agreements; and (4) has autonomy from the government regarding the... primary surrogate country. We recognize, with respect to determining surrogate financial ratios, that we have no useable financial statements on the record at this time with respect to Indonesia. As both...

  18. 75 FR 4350 - Certain Frozen Fish Fillets From the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: Preliminary Results of New...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-27

    ... negotiate and sign contracts and other agreements; and (4) has autonomy from the government regarding the... could not be obtained), as published in the International Financial Statistics of the International...

  19. 77 FR 56180 - Certain Frozen Fish Fillets From the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: Preliminary Results of the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-12

    ... autonomy from the government regarding the selection of management.\\24\\ \\24\\ See Silicon Carbide, 59 FR at... contains three financial statements from Bangladeshi producers of comparable merchandise which are... inflation using data published in the International Monetary Fund's International Financial Statistics. In...

  20. Public Housing in the Post-Socialist States of Central and Eastern Europe: Decline and an Open Future

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Lux, Martin; Sunega, Petr

    2014-01-01

    Roč. 29, č. 4 (2014), s. 501-519 ISSN 0267-3037 R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GAP404/12/1446 Institutional support: RVO:68378025 Keywords : housing policy * post- social ist states * housing privatization Subject RIV: AO - Sociology, Demography Impact factor: 0.991, year: 2014

  1. 78 FR 29323 - Certain Frozen Fish Fillets From the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: Amended Final Results of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-20

    ... DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration [A-552-801] Certain Frozen Fish Fillets... administrative review and aligned new shipper reviews on certain frozen fish fillets (``fish fillets'') from the... (``POR'') is August 1, 2010, through July 31, 2011. \\1\\ See Certain Frozen Fish Fillets from the...

  2. Decline and depression: the impact of the global economic crisis on housing markets in two post-socialist states

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Hegedüs, J.; Lux, Martin; Sunega, Petr

    2011-01-01

    Roč. 26, č. 3 (2011), s. 315-333 ISSN 1566-4910 R&D Projects: GA ČR GA403/09/1915 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z70280505 Keywords : Economic crisis * Housing system * Transition economies Subject RIV: AO - Sociology, Demography Impact factor: 0.577, year: 2011 http://www.springerlink.com/content/q302667308q1/

  3. Rural/Urban Disparities in Science Achievement In Post-Socialist Countries: The Evolving Influence of Socioeconomic Status

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erica L. Kryst

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Disparities in educational outcomes exist between students in rural areas as compared to students in urban settings. While there is some evidence that these rural disparities are present in eastern Europe, little is known about young peoples’ lives in the rural areas of this region. This paper presents an analysis of science achievement by location (rural v. urban using all available waves of the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS. We examined the eighth grade data from five countries: Lithuania, Romania, the Russian Federation, Hungary, and Slovenia. Findings demonstrated that students attending rural schools had significantly lower science scores and that the rural disadvantage grew between 1995 and 2011 in some countries, but became non-significant in others. Overall, family socioeconomic status played an important role in determining the educational outcomes of rural students. The implications of these findings are explored in relation to the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO 2015 Education for All goals.

  4. 77 FR 63786 - Certain Frozen Warmwater Shrimp From the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: Notice of Court Decision...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-17

    ..., filing of petitions and applications and agency #0;statements of organization and functions are examples... (``Federal Circuit'') in Timken,\\3\\ as clarified by Diamond Sawblades,\\4\\ the Department is notifying the...., v. United States, 893 F.2d 337 (Fed. Cir. 1990) (``Timken''). \\4\\ Diamond Sawblades Mfrs. Coalition...

  5. 76 FR 27991 - Certain Frozen Warmwater Shrimp From the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: Notice of Court Decision...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-13

    ...) (``Timken''), as clarified by Diamond Sawblades Mfrs. Coalition v. United States, F.3d, Court No. 2010-1024... this administrative review with no history of a calculated margin a separate rate of 4.57 percent, \\2...

  6. 75 FR 47771 - Certain Frozen Warmwater Shrimp from the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: Final Results and Partial...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-09

    ... products included in the scope of this investigation, regardless of definitions in the Harmonized Tariff.... Battered shrimp is a shrimp-based product that, when dusted in accordance with the definition of dusting... Thanh Long Thien Ma Seafood Tourism Material and Equipment Company (Matourimex Hochiminh City Branch...

  7. 77 FR 34935 - Certain Frozen Warmwater Shrimp From the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: Notice of Court Decision...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-12

    ....2d 337 (Fed. Cir. 1990) (``Timken''), as clarified by Diamond Sawblades Mfrs. Coalition v. United... longer parties in this litigation, are not subject to this remand, and we have not changed the rate...

  8. A Self-Sustained Education System for a Developing Country: The Case of the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tran, Dien Ngoc

    Viet Nam's average annual population growth rate is 2.6%, which accounts for a large youth population: 37.7% of the total population is under age 15, compared with an average of 20% in developed or newly industrialized countries. A free basic education for all children is almost impossible to provide. With consideration of the Vietnamese people's…

  9. The Elimination of Illiteracy and the Use of Complementary Education in the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

    Science.gov (United States)

    United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Bangkok (Thailand). Regional Office for Education in Asia and Oceania.

    To counteract the legacy of 80 years of colonial rule in North Viet Nam, President Ho Chi Minh outlined government objectives in the Declaration of Independence in 1945. Major objectives included combatting ignorance and illiteracy. To work toward these objectives, the government established a Department of Popular Education and encouraged…

  10. 77 FR 32552 - Circular Welded Carbon-Quality Steel Pipe From the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: Preliminary...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-01

    ... pipe. The latter is a consolidated financial statement of a large conglomerate, and includes the.... They also provided the financial statements for an Indonesian producer of identical merchandise, and...- specific export subsidies). Second, we have on the record the financial statements of four Indian producers...

  11. 77 FR 64471 - Circular Welded Carbon-Quality Steel Pipe From the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: Final Negative...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-22

    ... To Produce Exported Goods Import Duty Exemptions for Imported Fixed Assets, Spare Parts and... Imported Fixed Assets, Spare Parts and Accessories for Encouraged Projects Comment 6 SeAH VINA's Failure to... of Fixed Assets, Spare Parts and Accessories Policy Loans Comment 8 Preferential Financing to the...

  12. Certain problems in the economics of deep drilling operations conducted in the Chechen-Ingush Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Umanskiy, L.M.; Repina, I.S.

    1981-01-01

    The authors provide analysis and evaluation of technical-economic indicators for borehole drilling conducted at great depths in the Chechen-Ingush Autonomous Republic. Suggestions are made for improving such drilling operations in this area.

  13. 75 FR 56062 - Certain Frozen Fish Fillets From the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: Notice of Preliminary Results...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-15

    ... or paid for in NME currency, we valued these services using surrogate values from Descartes Carrier Rate Retrieval Database (``Descartes'') Web site. See Surrogate Value Memo. Where applicable, we used...

  14. Foreign Direct Investment and Economic Growth: New Evidence from Post-Socialist Transition Countries / Kevin D. Curwin, Matthew C. Mahutga

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Curwin, Kevin D.

    2014-01-01

    Artiklis käsitletakse sotsioloogilisest aspektist välismaiste otseinvesteeringute kasvu mõju majandusarengule lähimas ja kaugemas perspektiivis, aluseks postsotsialistlikes riikides (sh Eesti) toimunud protsessid

  15. The Life and Afterlife of a Socialist Media Friend. On the Longterm Cultural Relevance of the Polish TV Series 'Czterdziestolatek'

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kinga S. Bloch

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyses how the relationship of the Polish audience to a series from the 1970s, Czterdziestolatek (The Fourty-Year Old evolved during socialism and after the Fall of the Iron Curtain. Contemporary reactions to the original series and a new season that was produced in the early 1990s are compared to nostalgic recollections and memories of the programme in later periods. The study discusses how the Polish audience uses the programme as a historical document today and whether there is a generational difference in the perception of the audiovisual interpretation of Polish everyday life in the 1970s.

  16. The Life and Afterlife of a Socialist Media Friend. On the Longterm Cultural Relevance of the Polish TV Series 'Czterdziestolatek'

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bloch, Kinga S.

    2013-01-01

    abstractThis paper analyses how the relationship of the Polish audience to a series from the 1970s, Czterdziestolatek (The Fourty-Year Old) evolved during socialism and after the Fall of the Iron Curtain. Contemporary reactions to the original series and a new season that was produced in the early

  17. Of Pyramids and Dictators: Memory, Work and the Significance of Communist Heritage in Post-Socialist Albania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francesco Iacono

    2017-01-01

    In the last part of the paper, we try to make sense of the trends that emerged through the analysis of quantitative data, addressing the role of work and related forms of memory in forging the relationship between Albanians and the material remains of their recent past.

  18. The Educational Influences on Active Citizens: A Case Study of Members of the Scottish Socialist Party (SSP)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kane, Liam

    2007-01-01

    While there is a wealth of literature and research on radical adult "popular" education for social change, most of it looks forward and speculates on the educational processes best able to help the oppressed of the world overcome naive passivity and become critically aware "subjects" of social change. Within a critical…

  19. 76 FR 15941 - Certain Frozen Fish Fillets From the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: Final Results of the Sixth...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-22

    ... case briefs.\\3\\ On October 7, 2010, majority staff members from the Senate Finance Committee met with... Memo at Comment I, we have changed our surrogate country selection from the Philippines to Bangladesh...

  20. 77 FR 55800 - Certain Frozen Warmwater Shrimp From the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: Final Results and Final...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-11

    ... preliminary margin calculation. Specifically, we: Applied the corrected shrimp price data from the Network of Aquaculture Centres in Asia-Pacific 2011 Shrimp Price Study to value raw shrimp; \\5\\ \\5\\ See Decision... ``dusting'' layer of rice or wheat flour of at least 95 percent purity has been applied; (3) with the entire...

  1. 75 FR 36635 - Certain Frozen Warmwater Shrimp From the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: Rescission of New Shipper...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-28

    ... ``dusting'' layer of rice or wheat flour of at least 95 percent purity has been applied; (3) with the entire surface of the shrimp flesh thoroughly and evenly coated with the flour; (4) with the non-shrimp content... Duc Co., Ltd.: Price of the Sale and Subsequent U.S. Sales. Rescission of Review In evaluating whether...

  2. 76 FR 45775 - Fourth New Shipper Review of Certain Frozen Warmwater Shrimp From the Socialist Republic of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-01

    ... ``dusting'' layer of rice or wheat flour of at least 95 percent purity has been applied; (3) with the entire surface of the shrimp flesh thoroughly and evenly coated with the flour; (4) with the non-shrimp content... prices or costs of factors of production in one or more ME countries that are (1) At a comparable level...

  3. 76 FR 64307 - Certain Frozen Warmwater Shrimp From the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: Amended Final Results and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-18

    ...) and peeled shrimp; (2) to which a ``dusting'' layer of rice or wheat flour of at least 95 percent... with the flour; (4) with the non-shrimp content of the end product constituting between four and 10...

  4. A Comparison of the Democratic Security Policy in Colombia and Provincial Reconstruction Teams in Iraq

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-09-01

    program. Republica de Colombia. Departamento Nacional de Planeacion , Porgrama de Desarrollo Alternativo, Documento CONPES 2734-DNP-UDA-UJS, Bogotá...Ministry of Defense, 2003. Republica de Colombia. “Departmento Nacional de Planeacion , Porgrama de Desarrollo Alternativo, Documento CONPES 2734-DNP

  5. Preventing Escalation in the South China Sea Disputed Waters: A Comparative Study of Republic of the Philippines and Socialist Republic of Vietnam

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-03-01

    Problem of Maritime Cooperation in the South China Sea,” in Security and International Politics in the South China Sea, eds. Sam Bateman and Ralf Emmers...South China Sea,” in Security and International Politics in the South China Sea: Towards a cooperative management regime, eds. Sam Bateman and Ralf...Cooperation in the South China Sea.” In Security and International Politics in the South China Sea, edited by Sam Bateman and Ralf Emmers. Oxon, UK

  6. Post-Socialist Fathers ‘At Home’ and ‘Away from Home’ in ‘Old Europe’: Facing the Challenge through Masculine Identity Talk

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marion Pajumets

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available This article focuses on those Estonian male migrants to ‘Old Europe’ who spend most of their time in the domestic realm as caring fathers and supportive spouses to their wives, who are meanwhile advancing their transnational careers. In this context, masculine identity talk can be understood in terms of strategies employed in response to the challenge to the men’s masculinity that this atypical life choice is likely to entail. Identity is viewed in this article as a processual phenomenon that is relentlessly, although not always deliberately, (reformulated in discourse, rather than determined by the assigned social roles. Analysis of in-depth interviews reveals that there are varied discourses in use that efficiently reconstruct the interviewees’ sense of personal significance. Interestingly, men predominantly combine ‘alternative’ discourses (‘caring father’, ‘supportive spouse’, ‘civilised adult’, which potentially undermine Estonian idealised masculinity, with the ‘conservative’ discourses (‘professional man’, the ‘well-off’, that reinforce the Estonian male norm. Men draw on a range of potentially oppositional and conflicting resources for constructing masculinity, without much reflexive selection from their part. Hence, the discourses men engage in position the men as much as the men appear to consciously position themselves in the discourses. This poststructuralist account of identity is located within a more structural historical context of transition and change in contemporary Europe.

  7. THE SOCIAL WELL-BEING OF THE POST-SOCIALIST COUNTRIES’ YOUTH (ON THE EXAMPLE OF RUSSIA, KAZAKHSTAN AND CZECH REPUBLIC: COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF VALUE ORIENTATIONS (Part 1

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Н П Нарбут

    2018-12-01

    Full Text Available The article presents the results of a three-year study conducted by the Sociology Chair of the RUDN University in cooperation with foreign colleagues to compare the worldview priorities of the today’s student youth. Due to the article size limitations the authors divided the data into two parts: in the first part, they focus on the identification of the values that serve as reference points specifying the so-cial action limits and criteria for assessing events and situations. The data does not allow for broad gen-eralizations due to the non-equivalence of the questionnaires used in three countries, but points to a number of characteristics that make the Russian youth look more similar to their Czech or Kazakhstan peers than to themselves a decade ago. Such a conclusion is based on the analysis conducted according to the thematic structure of the questionnaire. Thus, the article presents the educational values of students (prag-matic-instrumental perception of the higher education, labor values (a mixture of optimism and pessimism when assessing chances to find a job after graduation, and different attitudes to the combination of study and work, interpersonal interaction features (a high credit of trust in parents, especially in a difficult situation, does not depend on the self-perception and the circle of personal responsibility, political values (the ratio of the lack of political activity and interest in politics, and the level of social trust differ despite the same leaders of national pride, general value priorities (attitudes towards religion, interpretations of the life success and qualities necessary for achieving it, the horizons of planning and problems (assessing one’s genera-tion in terms of actual threats.

  8. POST-SOCIALIST POST-SUBURBIA: GROWTH MACHINE AND THE EMERGENCE OF “EDGE CITY” IN THE METROPOLITAN CONTEXT OF MOSCOW

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oleg Golubchikov

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available To what extent do the ideas of “edge city”, “post-suburbia” and associated models of urban growth apply in the transition economy case? The paper considers urban development and place-making on the periphery of Moscow, based on the case of Khimki, a former off-limits “satellite city” and more recently a fast-growing area. The forces and ideologies driving the growth on the edge of Moscow and the relationship between different actors are considered. The paper argues that while the Russian case shares some commonalities with the Western models of “edge city” and “growth machine”, growth in Khimki is fuelled by opportunistic profit-making initiatives that are disconnected from “local” city. It is yet to be seen whether a growing demand for new infrastructure, as well as emerging residents’ movements will restructure the modes of governing urban growth more in line with proactive place-focused post-suburban politics.

  9. Tolstoyism in the Late-Socialist Cultural Underground: Soviet Youth in Search of Religion, Individual Autonomy and Nonviolence in the 1970s – 1980s

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gordeeva Irina

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available The 1970s in the Soviet Russia were characterized by religious revival among the members of the Soviet counterculture milieu. The young generation often opted for religious ideas and Tolstoyism served as one such option. The article explores individual cases of coming to Tolstoyism, reading and perception of his ideas, as well as a general historical background of spiritual search of Soviet youth (hippies and others of the period. The article demonstrates that all countercultural Tolstoyans shared two basic values - personal autonomy and nonviolence. They asserted the ideals of the free and individual search for the truth, of nonviolence, of anti-authoritarian humanism, a quest for a new, spiritual form of community, having nothing to do with obligatory Soviet-type communist, atheist, and materialistic collectivism. The spiritual alternative of the Tolstoyans was directed it not only at the individual, but at society as a whole fully anticipating that society would be improved. The research is based on the wide range of unexplored primary sources (rare samizdat texts and personal archives.

  10. Crises et conflits dans les relations gréco-turques des années 1974-2000 : l’attitude des socialistes grecs

    OpenAIRE

    Rori, Lamprini

    2006-01-01

    Les relations gréco-turques et l’affaire Chypriote constituent les deux sujets les plus sensibles de la politique étrangère grecque, surtout après l’invasion turque dans l’île chypriote et la guerre gréco-turque en 1974. Le PASOK, a développé une ligne politique à l’égard de la Turquie évoluant de l’ultra-nationalisme au discours critique, puis à la neutralité stratégique mais ambiguë, et finalement au rapprochement définitif. Ce papier vise à examiner et à éclaircir les origines de l’évolut...

  11. "Vojnik i Narod" The Soldier and the People Civil-Military Relations in the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and Civil-Military Relations in Slovenia

    Science.gov (United States)

    1998-08-07

    province.57 Slaven Letica calls the JNA’s status a "state within a state.ං The Constitution of 1974, Yugoslavia’s sixth (and last), was an attempt by...defense units were led by the ’"Remington, 66. 57 Dean, 45-46. ’° Slaven Letica , Obecana Zemlja [The Promised Land] (Zagreb: Globus International, 1992...Soldiers, Peasants and Bureaucrats. London: George Allen and Unwin, 1982. Letica , Slaven. Obecana Zemlja. [The Promised Land]. Zagreb: Globus

  12. Consumer goods and food industry, local industry of the western region of ussr in the times of «developed socialist society»

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oleh M. Malyarchuk

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The economy of the Ukrainian SSR and the western region, according to most indicators, continued to develop on its own basis, solving ordinary socio-political and socio-economic challenges. In 1960-1980s of the twentieth century the two types of reproduction were combined: extensive sources of growth (exploitation of new natural and labour resources, and intensive ones which improved production structure and management system. Western region of the republic developed rapidly, engineering and instrumentation grew, as well as oil and gas and chemical industries, together with consumer goods and food industry, local industry. However, low quality, inadequate technologies reduced the positive impact of these industries on economic efficiency. In addition, other problems arose. As a result tasks of economic development planned by the third Programme of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union turned out to be unfulfilled. Despite a slight increase in industrial growth its rate declined. A large-scale restructuring of the economy on resource conservation, introduction of new technologies began in industrialized countries. Scientific progress in the USSR stalled. It should be noted that attempts to improve the situation were done over and over, but they were not in the economic and scientific spheres but in the political one. The crisis in industry and agriculture of the USSR in the second half of 1980s went far beyond purely production problems, took on socio-economic character and became threatening as for the provision of the country with necessary goods and food, creating social tension. In the late 1980s food consumption per capita decreased, and deficit in manufactured goods increased. Investing activities of villages almost stopped. Employees from the village began to massively lose stable jobs and reliable source of income. The decline in agricultural production led to idle capacity of the food and consumer goods industry, decline in employment. Executives and government officials, fearful of losing power over the peasants showed negative attitude to transformations in village households. Violation of labor discipline and theft of public property became widely spread due to a relentless deterioration of economic indicators.

  13. Day of mourning and time of reminiscence: Death, funeral and reminiscence of political famous persons in Serbia in socialist era and afterwards

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pavićević Aleksandra

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The most impressive event of death in the Yugoslav region in the last 50 years was definitely associated with death and funeral of Josip Broz Tito, in May 1980. The departure of one of the last European pharaohs has marked the beginning of an end of an era, with still hard to measure ideological and political consequences. In a symbolic sense, the departure represented a final breakdown of the proclaimed rational and secular walls of communist ideology, whose foundations contained complex religious symbolic and rhetoric. Tito came to be remembered while he was still alive. He was the only living hero portrayed in monuments, whose name was displayed in street appellations and public institutions. Media concept of his death and funeral represented a confirmation and continuation of this reminiscence; in addition, the deeper meaning of this reminiscence revealed an essential negation of the fact that the mighty ruler is actually dead. Tito's position of a supreme deity, acquired during his lifetime, was even more firmly established by his death. In this way, it could be argued that death has contributed to Broz' deification, thus extending his cult furthermore. The question remains whether the faith in his divine soul would persevere the temptations of history if he had lived for a few years more? It appears that the same question could be posed in regards to the deification of assassinated prime minister, Dr Zoran Djindjic, whose death, funeral and post mortem glory represent almost the only comparable event from the recent Serbian history, to those of the complex death related rhetoric of Broz? The post mortem image of Dr Djindjic was created based on Christian model of martyr and sufferer, but also on the model of exemplar death, that is, heroic and martyr's death in the name of nation, an important element of a special religious system, i.e., religion of nation. In 2006, during the annual commemoration dedicated to Zoran Djindjic, media coverage had turned to another event: Slobodan Milosevic had suddenly died in Scheveningen. Date of dying was not the only thing that has, for a moment, put these two celebrated politicians together. Death in prison, in Hague tribunal, while being in exile, has allowed that (short-lived post mortem glory of the former president of FRY be built according to the Christian model of martyr and sufferer. On the other hand, Milosevic's ideological position (in between communism and democracy has determined that the rhetoric associated with his departure is a combination of pagan and Christian motives. Hence, media and public images from the day he died until the funeral, were saturated with pagan symbolism and myths. It is interesting to note that these cited examples reflect the process where changes in basic secular ideologies are accompanied by a change in religious patterns as well. In turn, these religious patterns help to solve cultural contradictions and doubtfulness.

  14. "Vojnik i Narod" The Soldier and the People Civil-Military Relations in the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and Civil-Military Relations in Slovenia

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Derdzinski, Joseph

    1998-01-01

    .... Slovenia, seven years after independence, provides a relevant model of study. I argue that Slovenia is an example of a healthy civil- military relationship. Other South Slav states must consider Slovenia's example when analyzing and adopting their own political structures.

  15. Validity of the construct of Right-Wing Authoritarianism and its measure in post-socialistic region: A case of the Czech Republic

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Chylíková, Johana; Buchtík, Martin

    2016-01-01

    Roč. 7, č. 1 (2016) ISSN 2067-2640 R&D Projects: GA ČR GA13-10320S; GA MŠk(CZ) LM2015060 Institutional support: RVO:68378025 Keywords : authoritarianism * RWA Scale * Construct Validity Subject RIV: AO - Sociology, Demography https://docs. google .com/viewer?a=v&pid=sites&srcid=ZGVmYXVsdGRvbWFpbnxqcnNwb25lfGd4OjU3YmQ1YmM1MmVjM2RlNTc

  16. Report of year 2000 version on feasibility study. Feasibility study on the diffusion of fluidized bed cement kiln system in Socialist Republic of Viet Nam

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    Evaluations were given on the possibility of saving energies and reducing CO2 emission by renewing the shaft kilns operated in four factories in Viet Nam into fluidized bed kilns. The feasibility study is intended to be linked to the clean development mechanism (CDM) in the future. The fluidized bed kiln is a most advanced technology developed to deal with social, economic and technological demands such as global environment preservation, energy conservation, effective utilization of resources, enhancement of economic performance, and diversification of cement needs. The technology is capable of largely reducing greenhouse effect gases, eliminating the problem of dust scattering from sintering facilities, producing stabilized and high-quality clinker, making possible of using inexpensive fuels including low-order coal, using less installation space, and reducing the production cost. The amount of energy reduction in all of the four factories is calculated 8,101 to 9,551 toe/year at an energy saving effect rate of 37 to 44%. CO2 emission is reduced as a result of reduction in fuel for sintering furnaces and in electric power consumption. The reduction amount would be 24,393 to 38,794 tons/year (converted into CO2), and the reduction effect rate would be 36 to 44%. The investment effect looks sufficient as payout of 10 to 12 years if the environment special Yen loan is used. Trial calculation was also performed for the nation-wide proliferation effect. (NEDO)

  17. Czech Women´s Civic Organising under the State Socialist regime, Socio-economic Transformation and the EU Accession Period

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Hašková, Hana

    2005-01-01

    Roč. 41, č.6 (2005), s. 1077-1100 ISSN 0038-0288 Grant - others:European Commision(XE) HPSE-CT2002-000115 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z70280505 Keywords : women´s civic organising * women´s NGOs * EU enlargement Subject RIV: AO - Sociology, Demography Impact factor: 0.113, year: 2005

  18. Recommendations for Creating a Resource Management System to Support the Colombian Army in a New Environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-04-15

    World Military and Social Expenditures. 1991. 4. Republica de Colombia, Departamento Nacional de Planeacion , Documento DNP-2570-UIP-MinHacienda...Center, The Planning. Programmina and Budgeting System (PPBS), Technical Report, 1991. Departamento Nacional de Planeacion de Colombia, Plan ouinuenal

  19. Cross-Discipline Bio-Nanostructured Enhanced Photonic Multimode-Sensor Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-05-23

    AFRL-AFOSR-CL-TR-2017-0007 Multimode bio-nano sensor Fernando Danilo Gonzalez-Nilo UNIVERSIDAD NACIONAL ANDRES BELLO Final Report 05/23/2017...5e.  TASK NUMBER 5f.  WORK UNIT NUMBER 7. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES) UNIVERSIDAD NACIONAL ANDRES BELLO REPUBLICA 237 SANTIAGO...Ciencias Biologicas Universidad Andres Bello Avenida Republica 239, Santiago, Chile. Objective: The proposed cross-discipline experimental study aims to

  20. Safety aspects of the FMPP (Fuel Manufacturing Pilot Plant) setup constructed by INVAP in the Arabic Republic of Egypt; Aspectos de seguridad en la puesta en marcha de la FMPP (Fuel Manufacturing Pilot Plant) construida por INVAP en la Republica Arabe de Egipto

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cinat, Enrique; Boero, Norma L [Comision Nacional de Energia Atomica, General San Martin (Argentina). Dept. de Combustibles Nucleares

    1999-07-01

    The FMPP is a fuel plates manufacturing plant for test reactors. This facility was designed, constructed in El Cairo and turned-key handled by INVAP SE to the Arabian Republic of Egypt. In this project, CNEA participated in the transference of technology, elaboration of documents, training of Egyptian personnel and technical services during the setup of the facility in El Cairo. These tasks were undertaken by UPMP (Uranium Powder Manufacturing Plant) and ECRI (Research Reactors Fuel Elements Plant) personnel. Both plants in CNEA served as a FMPP design basis. During the setup of the facility a fuel element with natural uranium was firstly manufactured and then another one using uranium with 20% enrichment. In this paper the responses of the system regarding safety, after finishing the first two stages of manufacturing, are analyzed and evaluated. (author)

  1. Study on the electrical impact of the additional eolic production integration on the networks of Cabo Verde Republic - the Santiago case; Estudos de impacto electrico da integracao de producao eolica adicional nas redes electricas da Republica de Cabo Verde - Caso de Santiago

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lopes, J.A. Pecas [Universidade do Porto (Portugal). Faculdade de Engenharia. E-mail: jpl@riff.fe.up.pt; Vasconcelos, Helena [Instituto de Engenharia de Sistemas e Computadores (INESC), Porto (Portugal). E-mail: hvasconcelos@inescn.pt; Santos, Ruy Lopes dos; Fonseca, Joao D. [Empresa de Electricidade e Agua (ELECTRA). S.A.R.L., Sao Vicente (Cabo Verde). E-mail: dg-electra@mail.cvtelecom.cv

    1999-07-01

    This paper describes the methodology adopted for the studies on stationary and dynamic behaviour for evaluation the impact on the S. Vicente, Santiago and Sal islands networks resulting from the increasing of the eolic production capacity, considering a scenery corresponding to the year of 1998. The increasing influenced the expansion of the eolic parks being explored since the year 1994. The describe case study refers to the Santiago island, and the results obtained for this particular network are presented.

  2. IMPACTS OF THE INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE EDUCATIONAL INVESTIGATION IN THE REPUBLIC OF COLOMBIA. EXPERIENCE AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE TERRITORIAL UNIVERSITY OF LAS TUNAS - FREE UNIVERSITY / IMPACTO DE LA COOPERACIÓN INTERNACIONAL EN EL DESARROLLO DE LA INVESTIGACIÓN EDUCATIVA EN LA REPUBLICA DE COLOMBIA. EXPERIENCIA CONVENIO UNIVERSIDAD TERRITORIAL DE LAS TUNAS–UNIVERSIDAD LIBRE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Myriam Moreno de Morales

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available This work shows how through the development of international agreements of cooperation provides solutions to the necessities of the Colombian educational reality in different levels and components of the teaching learning process, Institutional Educative Projects, analyzing different contexts, identifying the existent problem and proposing alternatives for solution. It reaches our schools located in the whole national territory and modernizing the agreement processes, with the requirements of the education for the XXI Century.

  3. Strategii de PR în retorica electorala din Parlamentarele -2014, Republica Moldova vs „revoluția crizantemelor”, octombrie 2015 (PR strategies in the electoral rhetoric during the parliamentary elections in 2014, Republic of Moldova vs „the chrysanthemums revolution”, october 2015

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aurelia PERU-BALAN

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available In this article the author approaches the trends of the electoral rhetoric during the parliamentary elections that were held on 30th of November. The article determines which are the most used campaign issues with a mobilizing effect on the voters; among these – the external path of the Republic of Moldova. During the last five years, the right and center-right wing parties have chosen the EU integration, the left-wing parties – the Eurasian Union. The contribution also analyzes the most relevant special events organized by the political parties’ staffs in order to create an image well covered by the media and favorable for the political actors.

  4. Strategii de PR în retorica electorala din Parlamentarele -2014, Republica Moldova vs „revoluția crizantemelor”, octombrie 2015 (PR strategies in the electoral rhetoric during the parliamentary elections in 2014, Republic of Moldova vs „the chrysanthemums revolution”, october 2015)

    OpenAIRE

    Aurelia PERU-BALAN

    2015-01-01

    In this article the author approaches the trends of the electoral rhetoric during the parliamentary elections that were held on 30th of November. The article determines which are the most used campaign issues with a mobilizing effect on the voters; among these – the external path of the Republic of Moldova. During the last five years, the right and center-right wing parties have chosen the EU integration, the left-wing parties – the Eurasian Union. The contribution also analyzes the most rele...

  5. Development of a simulator for personnel training on nuclear power plants. The authors` experience in the Federal Republic of Germany; Desarrollo de un simulador para entrenamiento de personal de centrales nucleares. Experiencia de los autores en la Republica Federal de Alemania

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hacker, P; Kogan, A; Garzon, D

    1991-12-31

    This work describes the stages necessary to carry out the development of a full scope simulator for personnel training on nuclear power plants operation. (Author). [Espanol] Este trabajo describe los pasos o etapas necesarios para llevar adelante el desarrollo de un simulador de amplio alcance (full scope simulator) para entrenamiento de personal de operacion de centrales nucleares. (Autor).

  6. Cercetări geospaţiale şi arheologice în microzona Horodişte-Ţipova (raionul Rezina, Republica Moldova / Geospatial and archaeological research in the micro-zone of Horodişte-Tipova (district Rezina, Republic of Moldova

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ion Niculiţă

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available From the right bank of the Dniester, north of the village of Ţipova (Rezina District begins a deep gorge with steep slopes. Near the village of Horodişte the gorge divides, forming a network of canyons which, in turn, outline a series of headlands. As a result of study of orthophotoplans and archaeological reconnaissance in the micro-zone there was discovered an "agglomeration" of sites, consisting of six fortifications (Horodişte „La Cot", Horodişte „La Şanţ", Horodişte II, Buciuşca II, Buciuşca III, Ţipova III and two unfortified settlements. In order to investigate the defense system and to determine the period of its functioning at Horodişte „La Cot" and Horodişte „La Şanţ" an archeological research was carried out. As a result, it was found that these fortified settlements were surrounded by "walls" consisting of two wooden facings with a filling of earth and stone. The archaeological materials recovered from the filling of the "walls" indicate that the fortification of Horodişte „La Şanţ" functioned during the early Hallstatt (Cozia-Saharna culture, and one of Horodişte „La Cot" - in the 4th - 3rd centuries BC. Based on the compact arrangement of fortifications and unfortified settlements in the micro-zone of Horodişte-Tipova, it can be assumed the existence of some formation in this space, the "administrative center" of which was the fortress of Horodişte "La Cot". The period of its existence is still not clear. But if we take into account that most of the fortified and unfortified settlements in the Middle Dniester region functioned since the early Iron Age, it can be assumed that the community of the Horodişte-Tipova area settled down here around that time. However, it reaches its peak of development in the 4th - 3rd centuries BC, as well as neighboring communities around Saharna.

  7. Simulation of the park for electric generation of the Argentine Republic, analysis of its possible expansion with restrictions in the disposability of the fossil fuels; Simulacion del parque de generacion electrica de la Republica Argentina, analisis de su posible expansion con restricciones en la disponibilidad de los combustibles fosiles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Giubergia, J H; Coppari, N R [Comision Nacional de Energia Atomica, Centro Atomico Constituyentes, Unidad de Actividad Reactores y Centrales Nucleares, Avda. Gral. Paz 1499 (1650) San Martin, Provincia de Buenos Aires (Argentina); Rey, F C [Comision Nacional de Energia Atomica, Centro Atomico Ezeiza, Presbitero Juan Gonzalez y Aragon 15, (B1802AYA) Ezeiza, Provincia de Buenos Aires (Argentina)

    2004-07-01

    In this work one simulates, using the program MESSAGE, the generation park electric of the Argentine Republic and their possible expansion, with restrictions in the readiness of fossil fuels. This, as other models of planning energetics promoted by IAEA, optimizes the expansion of the net having as function objective the smallest cost in the system. 25 years they were simulated, adopting like base the anus 2000 and considering different scenarios of internal and external demands. It was analysed the increase of the demand with restrictions in the readiness of the natural gas in the winter periods, since the Argentinean electric system has a great dependence of this fuel. To cover the increase of the electric demand, were selected the machines and fuels, at the moment available, with more technical and economic possibilities. In the scenarios without restrictions to the use of natural gas the program selects to the nuclear power station of Atucha II, to the increase of bench mark of the hydraulic power station of Yacireta and combined cycles that burn natural gas. In those in that the supply of natural gas is limited, it selects previously besides the signal ones, other nuclear power stations, other hydroelectric projects and turbines of gas operating with gas oil to cover the top requirements. (Author)

  8. The diversity of the application of radioactive materials in the Mexican Republic, its benefits and inconveniences from the point of view of radiology; La diversidad de las aplicaciones de materiales radiactivos en la Republica Mexicana, sus beneficios e inconvenientes desde el punto de vista radiologico

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Martinez A, C G; Peregrina M, A [Comision Nacional de Seguridad Nuclear y Salvaguardias, Mexico, D.F. (Mexico)

    1991-07-01

    The particular details of each one of the applications of radioactive materials are presented with the purpose of forming conscience on the application of procedures and appropriate standards of radiological protection with the purpose of diminishing to the minimum expression the risks that result in the non energy applications of the ionizing radiations.

  9. Records of the 11. regular session (26 September - 2 October 1967) 116. plenary meeting

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1968-01-01

    Statements by the delegates of: Federal Republic of Germany Turkey Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic Iran Pakistan Bolivia Peru Brazil Czechoslovakia Paragraphs 151 1 belarus ukraine csech republic

  10. Daily Report East Europe Supplement

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    1993-01-01

    Partial Contents: Future Prospects, Employers, Business Associations, Socialists, Political Opportunities, Community, Property Settlement, Communists, Film Industry, Commentary, Industrial Reconstruction, Ethnic...

  11. 78 FR 13325 - Certain Frozen Warmwater Shrimp From the People's Republic of China, Ecuador, India, Indonesia...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-27

    ... of China, Ecuador, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, and the Socialist Republic of Vietnam..., Ecuador, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, and the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.\\1\\ Currently, the... From the People's Republic of China,Ecuador, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, and the Socialist...

  12. Insurgents to Presidents: Contemporary Civil-Military Relations In Brazil, El Salvador, and Uruguay

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-03-01

    Investigación de la Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Universidad de la Republica, Montevideo, Uruguay, September 15, 2014. 156 Ibid., 17. 157 National...Interpretación de su Record,” Revista Uruguaya de Ciencia Política 23, no. 1 (2014). 159 Vales, “Operações de Paz,” 40. 160 Gonzalez Guyer, “La Contribución de...Proceso de Negociación.” Paper presented at XIII Jornada de Investigación de la Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Universidad de la Republica, Montevideo

  13. Ã sombra das palavras: a oligarquia Acciolina e a Imprensa (1896-1912)

    OpenAIRE

    Maria EmÃlia da Silva Alencar

    2008-01-01

    Este trabalho estuda a aÃÃo da imprensa em Fortaleza no perÃodo entre 1896 e 1912, tomando como foco da anÃlise os discursos jornalÃsticos produzidos na conjuntura polÃtica da oligarquia acciolina, a partir dos jornais A Republica, Unitario e Jornal do CearÃ. O trabalho està organizado em duas partes: na Primeira Parte o objeto de anÃlise à o jornal A Republica, em sua condiÃÃo de porta-voz da oligarquia, percebendo sua abordagem acerca do regime republicano e a construÃÃo p...

  14. Information Acquisition, Analysis and Integration

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-08-03

    Fiori, MSc ’11 5. I. Ramirez, PhD ’11 (currently Professor, Universidad de la Republica, Uruguay) 6. F. Lecumberry, PhD ’12 (currently Professor... Universidad de la Re- publica, Uruguay) 7. P. Sprechmann, PhD ’12 (currently postdoctoral associate, NYU) 8. L. Yatziv, PhD ’12 (currently at Google) 9...University) 11. M. Fiori, PhD ’15 (currently Professor, Universidad de la Republica, Uruguay) 12. Zhuoqing Chang, MSc ’15 (currently PhD student, Duke

  15. The Text of the Agreement between the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic and the Agency for the Application of Safeguards in Connection with the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons. Suspension

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2007-01-01

    The Agreement of 5 April 1973 between Belgium, Denmark, the Federal Republic of Germany, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, the European Atomic Energy Community and the Agency in implementation of Article III, (I) and (4) of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons entered into force for the Slovak Republic on 1 December 2005 [es

  16. “The Milada Paulová’s Syndrome” – The Life’s Work of the Czech Scholar and its Influence on the Historiography in the Socialist Yugoslavia

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Hálek, Jan; Mosković, Boris

    2017-01-01

    Roč. 25, č. 4 (2017), s. 1071-1092 ISSN 1318-0185 R&D Projects: GA ČR GA16-11252S Institutional support: RVO:67985921 Keywords : Milada Paulová * First World War * historiography Subject RIV: AB - History Impact factor: 0.219, year: 2016

  17. The text of the Agreement of 25 September 1980 between Cuba and the Agency for the application of safeguards in connection with the supply of a nuclear research reactor from the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1982-08-01

    The full text of the agreement between Cuba and the International Atomic Energy Agency for the application of safeguards in connection with the supply of a nuclear research reactor from the USSR is presented

  18. Revitalización de las UBPC como organización socialista de producción: estrategia de desarrollo agropecuarioen Matanzas, Cuba Revivification of UBPCs as socialist production organization: strategy of agricultural development in Matanzas, Cuba

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hilda Machado

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available Se desarrolló un trabajo de planificación estratégica participativa en 20 UBPC de cultivos varios y ganaderas de la provincia de Matanzas, con la utilización de métodos participativos; se estimaron, por consenso de los participantes, los aspectos relacionados con la capacidad de la entidad para ofrecer bienestar a los socios a través de ingresos y alimentos; se analizaron las principales necesidades de las cooperativas, las fuentes de ingresos y de alimentos de las familias cooperativistas, así como la situación de los recursos naturales que son patrimonio de cada entidad agraria, sus fortalezas, debilidades, amenazas y oportunidades, y los procesos que se desarrollan en el accionar de las UBPC a través de la cadena productiva. Las UBPC suministran solamente el 21% de los alimentos que requieren las familias cooperativistas y el 40% de los ingresos. La falta de autonomía y de insumos productivos, la ineficiencia de las empresas suministradoras, los problemas con la comercialización de productos en divisas y una deficiente política de cuadros están entre las principales amenazas percibidas por los participantes; la insatisfacción de los trabajadores fue la principal debilidad; mientras que sus recursos humanos y naturales se perciben como las principales fortalezas. Sin embargo, la disponibilidad de bienes y servicios de los ecosistemas ha ido decreciendo como consecuencia de la acción del hombre, que ha provocado la disminución de la fertilidad de los suelos y de la biodiversidad. Este conjunto de problemas es una causa importante de la baja productividad que se observa en estas entidades.A work of participatory strategic planning was conducted in 20 Basic Units of Cooperative Production of food crops and livestock production from Matanzas province, using participatory methods; the aspects related to the capacity of the entity to offer welfare to the partners through income and food. The main needs of the cooperative, the income and food sources of the families that belong to them were analyzed, as well as the situation of the natural resources that are patrimony of each agricultural entity, their strengths, weaknesses, threats and opportunities, and the processes developed in the action of UBPCs through the productive chain. UBPCs supply only 21% of the food required by their families and 40% of the income. The lack of autonomy and productive inputs, inefficiency of supplying enterprises; problems with commercialization of products in convertible currency and deficient management policies are among the main threats perceived by participants; the dissatisfaction of the workers was the main weakness; while their human and natural resources are perceived to be the main strengths. However, the availability of goods and services of the ecosystems has been decreasing as consequence of the action of man, who has caused the decrease of soil fertility and biodiversity. This group of problems is an important cause of the low productivity observed in these units.

  19. Agreement of 2 October 1989 between the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam and the International Atomic Energy Agency for the application of safeguards in connection with the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1990-03-01

    The document contains two parts. The first part stipulates the agreement of Viet Nam to accept safeguards on all source or special fissionable material in all peaceful nuclear activities within its territory, under its jurisdiction or carried out under its control anywhere, for the exclusive purpose of verifying that such material is not diverted to nuclear weapons or other nuclear explosive devices. The second part specifies the procedures to be applied in the implementation of the safeguards provisions of Part I

  20. The Drop-Out Problem in Primary Education: Towards Universalization of Primary Education in Asia and the Pacific--Some Case Studies: China, India, Peninsular Malaysia, Socialist Republic of Viet Nam, Sri Lanka, and Thailand.

    Science.gov (United States)

    United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Bangkok (Thailand). Regional Office for Education in Asia and the Pacific.

    The ways in which six developing countries in Asia are dealing with the problem of children dropping out of elementary school are discussed in these essays. One of the persistent problems that has deterred universalization of primary education is the early dropping out of children from schools. Case studies describing the magnitude and causes of…

  1. La ciudad socialista: Visión y práctica urbana del Partido Comunista de Chile, 1967-1973 The socialist city: vision and urban practice of the Communist Party of Chile, 1967-1973

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Boris Cofré

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available ¿Tuvieron los comunistas chilenos, entre 1967 y 1973, una visión propia sobre el problema urbano en Santiago? de ser así ¿cómo era la ciudad que los comunistas buscaban construir en la capital? Inspirados tanto en el marxismo y el modelo Soviético de desarrollo urbano, como en sus prácticas políticas concretas a nivel nacional, comunal y barrial, los comunistas no sólo imaginaron una urbe distinta sino que avanzaron en su construcción.

  2. Luanda e Maputo: inflexões suburbanísticas da cidade socialista à cidade-metrópole neoliberal Luanda and Maputo: sub-urbanistic inflections from the socialist city to the neoliberal metropolis city

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vanessa Melo

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Luanda e Maputo, duas capitais africanas da lusofonia, são marcadas por crescentes desigualdades socioespaciais.Os centros urbanizados dessas urbes, traçados pela e para a sociedade colonial e onde hoje reside a maioria da população de maiores recursos, distinguem-se dos densos e extensos subúrbios habitacionais suburbanizados, onde outrora residia a sociedade colonizada e hoje se acantona a população de menores recursos. Nos primeiros anos de independência, em contexto de ideologia de inspiração socialista, economia planificada e planeamento centralizado, ambos os países visaram diminuir as desigualdades socioespaciais herdadas do colonialismo, intervindo nos subúrbios. A partir de finais da década de 80 do século XX, com o início da liberalização econômica e política, que levou, em Moçambique, à descentralização (ainda emergente em Angola, surgem novos actores, indutores de diferentes modelos de cidade e de fazer cidade, diversificando-se os tipos de intervenções suburbanas. A explosão, segregação e complexidade socioespacial desses subúrbios tem-se intensificado com a adopção do modelo de cidade neoliberal, competitiva e desigual.Tomando como referência esses dois grandes períodos sociopolíticos e urbanísticos, este artigo restitui,num olhar cruzado e crítico, diferentes tipos de intervenção nos subúrbios habitacionais semiurbanizados.O seu principal objectivo é reflectir sobre a circulação de influências e os paradigmas suburbanísticos em que se inscrevem.

  3. Nazionale e globale nella rinascita dell’Internazionale socialista (1945-1951

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Enrico Pugliese

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available This article focuses on the refoundation of Socialist International after the Second World War (1945-1951. It tackles three elements of socialist history through the archives preserved at the Institute of Social History in Amsterdam: the socialist building of an International organization, the new ideas and political issues in the socialist political culture, the socialist support to European technical governance. In this way, the paper underlines some crucial points as the relation between socialism and Nation State, and introduces the European integration question.

  4. Decree number 801 of April 20, 1992; Decreto no. 801 de 20 de abril de 1992

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1992-04-20

    Concerns on the entailing of entities which take part of the indirect Federal Public Administration to the Republic Presidency organs e to its Ministries Dispoe sobre a vinculacao das entidades integrantes da Administracao Publica Federal indireta aos orgaos da Presidencia da Republica e aos Ministerios.

  5. A Course on Experimental Design for Different University Specialties: Experiences and Changes over a Decade

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martinez Luaces, Victor; Velazquez, Blanca; Dee, Valerie

    2009-01-01

    We analyse the origin and development of an Experimental Design course which has been taught in several faculties of the Universidad de la Republica and other institutions in Uruguay, over a 10-year period. At the end of the course, students were assessed by carrying out individual work projects on real-life problems, which was innovative for…

  6. Central American Climatology

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-04-01

    Central America, as where mean temperatures are relatively warm throughout the year de- so spite seasonal rainfall changes. 75 Elevation, solar angle...November 1982 Control Hidalgo Anos.1952-1963, Republica de Nicaragua, Ministerio de Formento Y O0.PP, Comision Nacional de Energia . Craig, Richard A., The

  7. The Global Financial Crisis: Analysis and Policy Implications

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-05-12

    Ministerio de Economia y Finanzas Publicas. Instituto Nacional de Estadistica y Censos (INDEC). Utilizacion de la Capacidid Instalada en la Industria...2008 and International Monetary Fund. Global Markets Monitor. March 17, 2009. 102 Republica Argentina. Ministerio de Economia y Finanzas Publicas

  8. Democratic Security and Defense Policy: A Successful Counterinsurgency Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-08

    117Conflict and Cooperation in the War against Drugs,” Banco de la Republica (April 1998), http://www.banrepcultural.org/blaavirtual/ tesis /colfuturo...Capabilities, FARC Outlining its First Strategic Plan (1970–1974) ............................................................. 33 vii COIN Effort...36 Turbay’s Military COIN Approach, FARC’s Remaking its Strategic Plan (1978–1982

  9. National Labor Administration and Democracy in Brazil, 1985-87.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-07-01

    Unica dos Trabalhadores (CUT), Confederago General de Trabalho (CGT), and Union Sindical Independiente (USI), for the position of organized labor’s...regime to that of a first-rate cabinet post in the Nova Republica. 8 1 Other external areas have also received new emphasis, especially the SES and the

  10. Socialism and the Blockchain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Steve Huckle

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Bitcoin (BTC is often cited as Libertarian. However, the technology underpinning Bitcoin, blockchain, has properties that make it ideally suited to Socialist paradigms. Current literature supports the Libertarian viewpoint by focusing on the ability of Bitcoin to bypass central authority and provide anonymity; rarely is there an examination of blockchain technology’s capacity for decentralised transparency and auditability in support of a Socialist model. This paper conducts a review of the blockchain, Libertarianism, and Socialist philosophies. It then explores Socialist models of public ownership and looks at the unique cooperative properties of blockchain that make the technology ideal for supporting Socialist societies. In summary, this paper argues that blockchain technologies are not just a Libertarian tool, they also enhance Socialist forms of governance.

  11. 78 FR 50391 - Certain Frozen Warmwater Shrimp From the People's Republic of China: Final Affirmative...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-19

    ..., India, Indonesia, Malaysia, People's Republic of China, Thailand, and Socialist Republic of Vietnam... 2010 Aquatic Products Quality and Safety Supervision Program 9. Government Grants for Fishery Machinery...

  12. Colombia's National Security Strategy, A New "COIN" Approach

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Mejia, Alberto

    2008-01-01

    .... This terrible path brought death, economic depravation and social unrest. During this time, political parties ranging from socialist liberals to conservatives tried to achieve peace and stability...

  13. JPRS Report, East Europe

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    1988-01-01

    Partial Contents: East Europe, Party Activities, Socialist Party, Freedom Fighters, Education, Youth Training, Historian, Death Penalty, Peace Making Duties, Socialism, Communism, Economics, Restructuring...

  14. Half-Forgotten Personalities of Economic Thought – O. R. Lange

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pavel Sirůček

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available O. R. Lange, a Polish economist, statistician, econometrician, sociologist, politician and diplomat was classified as a reformist Marxist. He became famous for studies on planning and socialist economies. Lange demonstrates and proves the possibility of the existence of an effective socialist system. He also analyzed capitalist economy, e.g., the issue of cyclical fluctuations and unemployment.

  15. Ecology and economy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Menard, M.; Bischoff, J.

    1980-01-01

    The green movement challenges workers' unions and socialists. Who are the 'Greens', and what do they want. Where do their theoretical fundamentals come from. Will an ecological economy be able to function. Are the 'Greens' leftists or dreamers fighting against progress. Arguments for trade unionists and socialists in the ecological controversy. (orig.) [de

  16. 78 FR 75944 - Commencement of Claims Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-13

    ... Agreement Between the United States of America and the Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya.... Simkin, Chief Counsel, Foreign Claims Settlement Commission of the United States, 600 E Street NW., Room... provided that (1) the claim was set forth by a claimant named in Abbott et al. v. Socialist People's Libyan...

  17. Cadmium: The deformed metal

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stubbs, R L [Cadmium Association, London (UK)

    1979-03-01

    The paper, which is a somewhat abridged version of the introductory paper of the 2nd International Cadmium Conference in Cannes on February 6 to 8, 1979, outlines the present trends in production, reserves, consumption, world trade, prices, and cost. Due to the lack of statistics on the USSR and other socialist countries, the review is limited to the non-socialist world.

  18. 76 FR 78615 - Circular Welded Carbon-Quality Steel Pipe From India, the Sultanate of Oman, the United Arab...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-19

    ...-810] Circular Welded Carbon-Quality Steel Pipe From India, the Sultanate of Oman, the United Arab..., the Sultanate of Oman (``Oman''), The United Arab Emirates (``the UAE''), and the Socialist Republic... Oman, the United Arab Emirates, and the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: Initiation of Countervailing...

  19. Using Classroom Recordings in Educational History Research. An East German Civics Lesson

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jehle, May; Blessing, Benita

    2014-01-01

    Students learned in civics lessons in the German Democratic Republic (GDR, or East Germany) that their socialist society uniquely guaranteed all individuals the right to work, and that, as good socialists, they had the duty to take on socially meaningful work. Using the example of a video recording of an East German civics lesson and its…

  20. Ecology and economy. Decentralisation, autonomy, small networks. Oekologie und Oekonomie. Dezentralisierung, Selbstverwaltung, kleine Netze

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Menard, M.; Bischoff, J.

    1980-01-01

    The green movement challenges workers' unions and socialists. Who are the 'Greens', and what do they want. Where do their theoretical fundamentals come from. Will an ecological economy be able to function. Are the 'Greens' leftists or dreamers fighting against progress. Arguments for trade unionists and socialists in the ecological controversy.

  1. Radical Social Democracy and School Reform in Wilhelmian Germany

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olson, James M.

    1977-01-01

    The article describes how the German Social Democratic Party promoted educational reform in Germany before World War I. It demanded state support for a secularized school program, suggested curricular reforms to instill socialist values, and promoted adult education and socialist training in the home. (AV)

  2. 75 FR 23667 - Antidumping Duty Orders: Polyethylene Retail Carrier Bags from Indonesia, Taiwan, and the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-04

    ... Antidumping Duty Orders: Polyethylene Retail Carrier Bags from Indonesia, Taiwan, and the Socialist Republic... carrier bags (PRCBs) from Indonesia, Taiwan, and the Socialist Republic of Vietnam (Vietnam). On April 26... to a U.S. industry. Pursuant to section 736(a) of the Tariff Act of 1930, as amended (the Act), the...

  3. De electorale steun voor de Nationaal Socialistische Beweging in 1935 en 1939

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Flap, Henk; Tammes, Peter

    2008-01-01

    Summary Electoral support for the National Socialist Movement in 1935 and 1939 What was the social background of the electorate of the National Socialist Movement (NSB) in the Netherlands before the Second World War? Passchier and Van der Wusten (1979) came closest to an answer when they compared

  4. The Developing Purposes of Low-Income College Students in China's Elite Universities: A Longitudinal Case Study of How Socioeconomic Background and University Culture Interact to Influence the Development and Realization of Low Income College Students' Goals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Wanxia

    2014-01-01

    In the process of China's transformation from a socialist to a post-socialist society, China's entire system of education has experienced breathtaking expansion and reform. In this context, first-tier universities increasingly accept students from more financially well off backgrounds. While second-tier universities are inclined to accept more…

  5. Feminist Theories and Media Studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steeves, H. Leslie

    1987-01-01

    Discusses the assumptions that ground radical, liberal, and socialist feminist theoretical frameworks, and reviews feminist media research. Argues that liberal feminism speaks only to White, heterosexual, middle and upper class women and is incapable of addressing most women's concerns. Concludes that socialist feminism offers the greatest…

  6. Violence in transition: Reforms and rights in the Western Balkans

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    R. Kurian (Rachel); E. Charkiewicz (Ewa)

    2017-01-01

    textabstractThe 1990s saw the breakdown of the former Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia which, since World War II, had developed a distinct economic system that included specific market and socialist self-management principles in production, distribution and decision-making processes. At the

  7. A protocol to determine the situation of nuclear medicine in Venezuela, 1999-2000

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Carrizales, L.; Leandro, G.

    2001-01-01

    This paper presents preliminary results and the methodology followed for the implementation of a Protocol that included Radiological Protection and Quality Control at SPECT Systems in two important public hospitals at Republica Bolivariana de Venezuela. We found in these inspections that the main problems were the lack of medical physicist capacity in nuclear medicine that implemented programs of quality assurance as well as radiation protection in these departments. (author)

  8. Disease Vector Ecology Profile: Peru

    Science.gov (United States)

    1998-12-01

    mi) border), on the south by Chile (160 km (99 mi) border), and in the west by the Pacific Ocean (2,414 km (1,497 mi) coast). Peru consists of three...1993), Brazil (1993), Paraguay (1996) and Chile (1997). Two isolates of hantavirus were reported in late 1996 from the rice rat, Oligoryzomys...Simuliidae. Fauna de Agua Dulce de la Republica Argentina. 38. (Insecta, Diptera, Simuliidae), Fascicle 2, 304 pp. +78 pp. of unnumbered figures

  9. Guide of Black granite prospect ion for the department of Florida

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bossi, J.; Campal, N.

    1989-01-01

    The black granite prospection project is between the government of Canada and Uruguay agreement (Facultad de Agronomia - Universidad de la Republica). The main objective is the location and mapping of black granite veins to obtain potential deposits. The study of the relations between surface and deep features of these veins. The preparation of a guide to exploration and exploitation plan for mining companies. Reinforce the capacity of research in economic geology as well as increasing the exports by resources jobs

  10. A protocol to determine the situation of nuclear medicine in Venezuela, 1999-2000

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Carrizales, L; Leandro, G [Laboratorio Secundario de Calibracion Dosimetrica, Unidad de Tecnologia Nuclear, Instituto Venezolano de Investigaciones Cientificas, Caracas (Venezuela)

    2001-03-01

    This paper presents preliminary results and the methodology followed for the implementation of a Protocol that included Radiological Protection and Quality Control at SPECT Systems in two important public hospitals at Republica Bolivariana de Venezuela. We found in these inspections that the main problems were the lack of medical physicist capacity in nuclear medicine that implemented programs of quality assurance as well as radiation protection in these departments. (author)

  11. The Guyana-Venezuela Border Dispute: An Analysis of the Reasons Behind Venezuela’s Continuing Demands for Abrogation of the 1899 Anglo-Venezuelan Arbitral Treaty

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-01-01

    Universidad de los Andes. 1989. "Beice Ingreso a la OEA." Prensa Libre (Ciudad Guatemala,I Guatemala). January 9. 1991: 4. "Felize in... de las "Nuevas Tribus". Pue rto Ayvamcho). Territorlo Federal de Amazonias , Venozuela: Edicion del Comite Regaional del PartidoICerunista, de ...Suministro de Crudo a Republica Dominicana." E1 Universal (Caracas, Venezuela). August 17, 1990: 12. "Venezuela Propone Defensa de la Amazonia ."

  12. Outsourcing Strategic Services in the Colombian Defense Sector: Analysis of a Naval Aviation Case

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-12-01

    Management,” Harvard Business Review, Sept-Oct/83. 40 “Boletin Trimestral Empresas de Transporte Aereo No...to signify rotary-wing aircraft capable of transporting more than 4 tons of payload. 8 “Secretaria del Senado – Republica de Colombia” (Secretary of... de Aviacion controls the civil non-regular air transportation in Colombia. According to Aerocivil statistics, the company’s helicopters moved 57.58

  13. Targeting Adenosine A2A Receptors in Parkinson’s Disease

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-11-01

    Pereira1,2 , Francisco Velasco1,3 and John D. Salamone1 1Dept. of Psychology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269-1020 2Seccion Fisiologia y...Universitat Jaume I. Area de Psicobiologia. Castellon, Spain. 3Seccion Fisiologia y Nutricion, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de la Republica Montevideo...06269-1020 2Universität Bonn, Pharmazeutisches Institut, Pharmazeutische Chemie, Poppelsdorf, Bonn, Germany 3 Seccion Fisiologia y Nutricion

  14. JPRS Report, Soviet Union, International Affairs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-06-26

    Visita del presidente de la Republica de Colombia Belisario Betancur a los Estados Unidos: abril, 1985. S. 1., s.a., pp 370, 372. 19. EL ESPECTADOR...Process, Origin of ’Rio de Janeiro Group’ Described (Editorial; LATINSKAYA AMERIKA, No 3, Mar 87) 25 Course of U.S.-Colombia Relations Analyzed...not translated] 39 REPORTS Yu.F. Pogorelov. Science at the Service of Agriculture in Mexico 46 [not translated] MEETINGS, INTERVIEWS The Concerns

  15. China’s Expansion Into and U.S. Withdrawal from Argentina’s Telecommunications and Space Industries and the Implications for U.S. National Security

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-09-01

    penetrated the Argentine telecommunications market. ZTE has been heavily involved with setting up a “wireless corridor” between El Calafate and Perito...Consulting Agreement), Oficina del Consejero Comercio -Economico de la Embajada de la Republic Popular China en la Republica de Argentina (Economic...académica” (“Sino-Latin American Relations, Between Political Practice and Academic Research”) in El Desafío Chino, Nueva Sociedad, No. 203, May

  16. The Global Financial and Economic Crisis: Analysis and Policy Implications

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-02-20

    Takeover Plan. Bloomberg. October 21, 2008 and Latin American Monitor: Southern Cone. January 2009. 77 Republica Argentina. Ministerio de Economia y...Finanzas Publicas. Instituto Nacional de Estadistica y Censos. Intercambio Comercial Argentino. Buenos Aires, January 28, 2009. 78 Global Insight...fund a rescue of Bank of America which guarantees $118 billion in troubled assets. January 6. Chile announced a $4 billion stimulus package

  17. The Global Financial Crisis: Analysis and Policy Implications

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-08-21

    140 Republica Argentina. Ministerio de Economia y Finanzas Publicas. Instituto Nacional de Estadistica y Censos. Intercambio Comercial Argentino...58 The de Larosiere Report and the European Plan for Recovery.............................................. 61 The de Larosiere Report...their size suggest they are small, ranging from 1.0% or less of GDP in Mexico, Brazil, and Argentina, up to 2.9% of GDP in Chile .125 Countries are

  18. Anarquismo y Segunda República

    OpenAIRE

    Arévalo Garrido, Asier

    2015-01-01

    Evolución y análisis del movimiento anarquista en la sociedad española desde sus primeras apariciones en las primeras décadas del siglo XX, y su posicionamiento inicial en el momento de la proclamación de la Segunda Republica, al final de este periodo y al inicio de la guerra civil española (1936-1939) Grado en Relaciones Laborales y Recursos Humanos

  19. Elite Settlements and Democracy in Latin America: The Dominican Republic and Peru

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-08-01

    Social Indicators, volume 2, 3d edition, (New Haven: Yale Wuiversity Press, 1983), pg. 48. UOn a scale from one to seven, one being the greatest...Handbook of Political and Social Indicators, volume 1, 3d edition, (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1983), pg. 209. 107 (12% in 1977) was organized.53...Westview Press, 1988. Si. Lima: Impresora La Republica S.A. Smith, Michael. Political correspondent for Lima Times during Constituent Assembly. Lima, Peru

  20. Soldiers of Destiny: The Fianna Fail Party, The Irish Republican Army and a United Ireland

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-12-07

    Republicas sead aside and let the Treaty cme into force, it eans acguiescen in and the aba n nt of the national sovereignty and in the partition of our...prevented the bipolar divisions that have plagued Ireland Sn . 2. Basil Cuibb, The Goveninent and Politics of Ireland, 2rd ed. (Stanford: Stanford...p 2_0 15. Paul Arthur and Keith Jeffery, Northern Ireland Since ~ (Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1988), p. 37. 16. Kelley, p. 127. 17. Ibid., p. 128. 101