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Sample records for replacing traditional teaching

  1. Teaching methods: Tradition and innovation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nikandrov, Nikolai D.

    1990-06-01

    It has always been difficult to distinguish between tradition and innovation in teaching methods, not least because of the absence of clear-cut criteria. Definitions of teaching methods are also loose rather than binding. Nevertheless a trend towards active participation by studients is noticeable and very often taken as marking `progressive' teaching. Starting from the basic relationship of method and objective, an attempt is made to further relate cognitive activity of students to specific levels of achievement which are considered as teaching objectives. It is suggested, too, that a loose notion of method can for practical purposes be replaced by a more reliable notion of teaching text whether presented orally or given in written form. Then the problem of innovation in teaching methods can be stated a bit more precisely as that of creating a good teaching text. Some suggestions of how this can be achieved are discussed.

  2. Teaching Traditional Tropical Agriculture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clawson, David L.

    1987-01-01

    Maintains that the teaching of traditional tropical agriculture through the presentation of large numbers of categories or types tends to overemphasize superficial differences at the expense of comprehending the inner essence of life as it exists for the majority of the world's farmers. Offers an alternative approach which claims to foster greater…

  3. Supplements to Traditional Vocabulary Teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    布亚男

    2012-01-01

      In a word, Vocabulary plays an indispensable part in language proficiency and provides much of the basis of how wel learns language, so it cannot be ignored. I discussed Schools’ viewpoints on the vocabulary teaching ,Reason for forgetting, Traditional approach to vocabulary teaching, supplements to vocabulary teaching,the author hope the above content can offer some hints for language learners.

  4. A new bread improver to replace traditional gluten fortifier

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    @@ Scientists with the CAS Changchun Institute for Applied Chemistry recently developed a new plant derivative of polysaccharide to replace the traditional agent of gluten fortifier in the bread-baking industry.

  5. Tradition and Revolution in ESL Teaching.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raimes, Ann

    1983-01-01

    Explores the development of language teaching in light of Thomas Kuhn's theory of scientific revolution and briefly defines the positivist tradition in language teaching. Argues that the current emphasis on communication does not mark the emergence of a new paradigm, as it still operates in the positivist tradition, but rather a paradigm shift.…

  6. Multiphase feeding program for broilers can replace traditional system

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciano Hauschild

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Broilers are traditionally managed with feeding programs that often consist of three or four phases. In this study we investigated whether a multiphase feeding program (14 phases of broilers based on the optimal mix of two feeds could replace a traditional four phase system while maintaining broiler performance. To evaluate this prposed program we measured variables of performance, carcass yield, and nitrogen excretion. In addition, we determined if the multiphase feeding program (14 phases would be equally effective regardless of bird gender. A total of 480 day-old Cobb chicks were used, with an average weight of 44.74 ± 0.16 g (females and 44.71 ± 0.11 g (males. The birds were distributed in a completely randomized 2 × 2 factorial design. Each treatment consisted of six replicates with 20 animals per experimental unit. Results were analyzed separately in two periods (1–21 and 22–42 days as determined by slaughter date, as well as for the entire growth period (1–42 days. The multiphase program led to improvements in final body weight and average daily weight gain, in addition to an increase in breast yield.

  7. Nursing Students Perceptions about Traditional and Innovative Teaching Strategies– A Pilot Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sailaxmi Gandhi

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Nursing education is undergoing tremendous changes with the changing needs of the rapidly changing society. A sound education system is the prerequisite for the development of any nation. Aim and Objectives: One way to enhance nursing education was to evaluate the learning perceptions of various teaching strategies in nursing education programs. The study was aimed to evaluate the student learning perception about traditional and modern teaching strategies among under graduate nursing students (N=44. Material and Methods: Post test only design was used to compare the learning perception of students about traditional and innovative teaching strategies (brain storming, concept mapping & problem based learning. One group was exposed to traditional teaching strategy and the other group was exposed to innovative teaching strategy about mental health assessment and therapeutic communication. Results: Findings indicated a statistically significant increase (p<0.006 in the learning perception among students exposed to innovative teaching strategies than those exposed to the lecture method at the end of 4 weeks. Conclusion: The results of this study indicate that students perceive innovative teaching strategies in a better way compared to the traditional teaching method as it enhances their motivation for learning, learner control, and self - directed learning abilities. However further evaluation with larger sample size is needed before it can replace traditional teaching methods in nursing education.

  8. Teaching Computation in Primary School without Traditional Written Algorithms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hartnett, Judy

    2015-01-01

    Concerns regarding the dominance of the traditional written algorithms in schools have been raised by many mathematics educators, yet the teaching of these procedures remains a dominant focus in in primary schools. This paper reports on a project in one school where the staff agreed to put the teaching of the traditional written algorithm aside,…

  9. Beyond the traditional approach to teaching anatomy for yoga

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alison Marie Gardiner-Shires

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Context: The traditional approach to teaching anatomy for yoga, while systematic, is often ineffective. Methods: A unique approach to teaching anatomy for a Yoga Teacher Training seminar is presented, founded on the principles of Thomas Myers′ Anatomy Trains. Lab activities are detailed and Bloom′s Taxonomy is applied to ensure students are engaged in higher level thinking and application. Conclusion: Going beyond the traditional approach to teaching anatomy for yoga can be extremely rewarding for students and teachers alike.

  10. A "Traditional" Linguistic Basis for Language Teaching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anthony, Edward M.

    1970-01-01

    Presents an essentially Bloomfieldian approach to language and language teaching; sees the concept of language as interplay between stimuli and reactions as the basis of a wholly creditable system of teaching, a tremendous number of textbooks, and a large number of language courses." (FB)

  11. Comparison of traditional and interactive teaching methods in a UK emergency department.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Armstrong, Peter; Elliott, Tim; Ronald, Julie; Paterson, Brodie

    2009-12-01

    Didactic teaching remains a core component of undergraduate education, but developing computer assisted learning (CAL) packages may provide useful alternatives. We compared the effectiveness of interactive multimedia-based tutorials with traditional, lecture-based models for teaching arterial blood gas interpretation to fourth year medical students. Participants were randomized to complete a tutorial in either lecture or multimedia format containing identical content. Upon completion, students answered five multiple choice questions assessing post-tutorial knowledge, and provided feedback on their allocated learning method. Marks revealed no significant difference between either group. All lecture candidates rated their teaching as good, compared with 89% of the CAL group. All CAL users found multiple choice questions assessment useful, compared with 83% of lecture participants. Both groups highlighted the importance of interaction. CAL complements other teaching methods, but should be seen as an adjunct to, rather than a replacement for, traditional methods, thus offering students a blended learning environment.

  12. Effects of constructivist teaching strategies and traditional lecture ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Effects of constructivist teaching strategies and traditional lecture method on students' learning outcomes in Nigeria's integrated ... African Journal of Educational Studies in Mathematics and Sciences ... Open Access DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT ...

  13. The Relationship between Traditional English Grammar Teaching and Communicative Language Teaching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Zhong-guo; Song, Min-yan

    2007-01-01

    This paper reconsiders the functions of the traditional English grammar teaching and the communicative language teaching. Through analysis and practice, we think that they are not opposed to each other. In order to improve the students' ability and gain better teaching results, the two kinds of teaching approaches should not be used respectively.…

  14. Teaching Urban History in Non-Traditional Ways.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dunne, Robert J.

    The introduction of nontraditional teaching techniques into a solid framework of traditional teaching can greatly increase student motivation and attention. Nontraditional methods involve students as dynamic actors in the educational process in three ways: by increasing student motivation, maximizing the level of subtlety or detail achieved, and…

  15. Teaching Receptive Discriminations to Children With Autism: A Comparison of Traditional and Embedded Discrete Trial Teaching

    OpenAIRE

    Geiger, Kaneen B; Carr, James E; LeBlanc, Linda A; Hanney, Nicole M.; Polick, Amy S.; Heinicke, Megan R

    2012-01-01

    Discrete trial teaching (DTT) procedures have proven effective in teaching language to children with autism. Discrete trial teaching uses a highly structured, fast-paced format of instruction that is typically conducted in a one-to-one situation at a desk or table with minimal distractions. We compared this traditional model of DTT to a version of DTT in which instruction was embedded within the context of a more naturalistic, activity-based environment. However, all of the other characterist...

  16. Comparing student achievement in the problem-based learning classroom and traditional teaching methods classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dobbs, Vicki

    Significant numbers of students fail high school chemistry, preventing them from graduating. Starting in the 2013-2014 school year, 100% of the students must pass a science assessment for schools to meet Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP) in accordance to No Child Left Behind (NCLB). Failure to meet AYP results in sanctions, such as state management or closure of a school or replacing a school staff. The purpose of this study was to determine whether the teaching strategy, Problem Based Learning (PBL), will improve student achievement in high school chemistry to a greater degree than traditional teaching methods. PBL is a student-centered, inquiry-based teaching method based on the constructivist learning theory. The research question looked at whether there was a difference in student achievement between students a high school chemistry classroom using PBL and students in a classroom using traditional teaching methods as measured by scores on a 20-question quiz. The research study used a quasi-experimental pretest/posttest control group design. An independent samples t-test compared gains scores between the pretest and posttest. Analysis of quiz scores indicated that there was not a significant difference (t(171) = 1.001, p = .318) in student achievement between the teaching methods. Because there was not a significant difference, each teacher can decide which teaching method best suites the subject matter and the learning styles of the students. This study adds research based data to help teachers and schools choose one teaching method over another so that students may gain knowledge, develop problem-solving skills, and life-long learning skills that will bring about social change in the form of a higher quality of life for the students and community as a whole.

  17. Replacement of traditional seawater-soluble pigments by starch and hydrolytic enzymes in polishing antifouling coatings

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olsen, Søren Martin; Pedersen, L. T.; Dam-Johansen, Kim;

    2010-01-01

    The use of starch and hydrolytic enzymes as replacement for traditional polishing pigments (e.g., Cu2O and ZnO) in antifouling coatings has been investigated. The enzymes facilitate a slow conversion of water-insoluble starch into water-soluble glucose, and dissolution of glucose causes the devel......The use of starch and hydrolytic enzymes as replacement for traditional polishing pigments (e.g., Cu2O and ZnO) in antifouling coatings has been investigated. The enzymes facilitate a slow conversion of water-insoluble starch into water-soluble glucose, and dissolution of glucose causes...... the development of a leached (porous) layer in the wetted, outermost part of the coating. Subsequent water-binder interaction at the pore walls gives rise to polishing, in a manner similar to that of conventional antifouling coatings. Different starch types have been evaluated and classified as potential coating...... the starch-enzyme coatings tested; however, polishing is only detected for two out of four binder systems investigated. Suitable polishing rates of 7-10 mu m/month, based on the enzymatic starch-degradation, have been measured. Controls containing only starch (no enzyme) did not polish....

  18. Students’ perceptions of lecturing approaches: traditional versus interactive teaching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abdel Meguid, Eiman; Collins, Matthew

    2017-01-01

    Background There is an increasing trend toward transcending from traditional teaching to student-centered methodologies that actively engage students. We aimed to analyze students’ perceptions of effective interactive teaching using PollEverywhere Audience Response System (ARS) as a worthwhile teaching methodology. It can be of great help in maintaining students’ attention and in facilitating the lecturer to pick up students’ misunderstandings and correct them. Materials and methods This system was introduced to the undergraduate dental curriculum to increase student’s motivation and attention, giving immediate feedback on student understanding during an anatomy module. Computer science (CS) students who were more familiar with the use of this technology were also involved in the study for comparison and validation of the findings. The lecturer strategically inserted questions using PollEverywhere ARS. Students’ perception of the effective interactive teaching using this technology was evaluated statistically using a questionnaire and focus groups. Results It promoted interactivity, focused attention, and provided feedback on comprehension. A total of 95% reported that it increased their participation and found that it clarified their thinking and helped to focus on key points. Another 81.7% mentioned that it increased their motivation to learn. Students regarded it as a useful method for giving real-time feedback, which stimulated their performance and participation. Data from CS students echoed the findings from the dental students. Reports from focus groups demonstrated that this strategy was helpful in focusing students’ attention and in clarifying information. Discussion PollEverywhere encouraged all students to participate during the learning process. This has proven to be an effective tool for improving students’ understanding and critical thinking. Conclusion Students regarded PollEverywhere as an effective teaching innovation that encouraged

  19. Teaching Nursing Leadership: Comparison of Simulation versus Traditional Inpatient Clinical.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gore, Teresa N; Johnson, Tanya Looney; Wang, Chih-hsuan

    2015-04-30

    Nurse educators claim accountability to ensure their students are prepared to assume leadership responsibilities upon graduation. Although front-line nurse leaders and nurse executives feel new graduates are not adequately prepared to take on basic leadership roles, professional nursing organizations such as the American Nurses Association (ANA) and the Association of Colleges of Nursing (AACN) deem leadership skills are core competencies of new graduate nurses. This study includes comparison of a leadership-focused multi-patient simulation and the traditional leadership clinical experiences in a baccalaureate nursing leadership course. The results of this research show both environments contribute to student learning. There was no statistical difference in the overall score. Students perceived a statistically significant difference in communication with patients in the traditional inpatient environment. However, the students perceived a statistical significant difference in teaching-learning dyad toward simulation.

  20. Teaching receptive discriminations to children with autism: a comparison of traditional and embedded discrete trial teaching.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Geiger, Kaneen B; Carr, James E; Leblanc, Linda A; Hanney, Nicole M; Polick, Amy S; Heinicke, Megan R

    2012-01-01

    Discrete trial teaching (DTT) procedures have proven effective in teaching language to children with autism. Discrete trial teaching uses a highly structured, fast-paced format of instruction that is typically conducted in a one-to-one situation at a desk or table with minimal distractions. We compared this traditional model of DTT to a version of DTT in which instruction was embedded within the context of a more naturalistic, activity-based environment. However, all of the other characteristics of DTT (e.g., pacing, tight stimulus control, targets selected by the teacher) were retained. Receptive discriminations were taught to 2 4-year-old boys, diagnosed with autism in traditional or embedded DTT. Results showed that for both boys, traditional and embedded DTT were equally effective and efficient. Additionally, measures were collected on participant affect and a concurrent-chains preference evaluation was used to determine which teaching procedure was preferred by the participants. The two procedures produced similar levels of positive and negative affect and were equally preferred by 1 participant while embedded DTT produced more positive affect and was more preferred by the other.

  1. Should "Teacher Centred Teaching" Replace "Student Centred Learning"?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bailey, Patrick D.

    2008-01-01

    Mission statements of most HEIs across the UK support "student centred learning". In this paper, it is suggested that "teacher centred teaching" should also have a major role to play, improving the quality of the learning experience in higher education. Students are extremely diverse in their skills, weaknesses, and learning…

  2. Replacement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Radhakrishnan

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The fishmeal replaced with Spirulina platensis, Chlorella vulgaris and Azolla pinnata and the formulated diet fed to Macrobrachium rosenbergii postlarvae to assess the enhancement ability of non-enzymatic antioxidants (vitamin C and E, enzymatic antioxidants (superoxide dismutase (SOD and catalase (CAT and lipid peroxidation (LPx were analysed. In the present study, the S. platensis, C. vulgaris and A. pinnata inclusion diet fed groups had significant (P < 0.05 improvement in the levels of vitamins C and E in the hepatopancreas and muscle tissue. Among all the diets, the replacement materials in 50% incorporated feed fed groups showed better performance when compared with the control group in non-enzymatic antioxidant activity. The 50% fishmeal replacement (best performance diet fed groups taken for enzymatic antioxidant study, in SOD, CAT and LPx showed no significant increases when compared with the control group. Hence, the present results revealed that the formulated feed enhanced the vitamins C and E, the result of decreased level of enzymatic antioxidants (SOD, CAT and LPx revealed that these feeds are non-toxic and do not produce any stress to postlarvae. These ingredients can be used as an alternative protein source for sustainable Macrobrachium culture.

  3. Internet-based versus traditional teaching and learning methods.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guarino, Salvatore; Leopardi, Eleonora; Sorrenti, Salvatore; De Antoni, Enrico; Catania, Antonio; Alagaratnam, Swethan

    2014-10-01

    The rapid and dramatic incursion of the Internet and social networks in everyday life has revolutionised the methods of exchanging data. Web 2.0 represents the evolution of the Internet as we know it. Internet users are no longer passive receivers, and actively participate in the delivery of information. Medical education cannot evade this process. Increasingly, students are using tablets and smartphones to instantly retrieve medical information on the web or are exchanging materials on their Facebook pages. Medical educators cannot ignore this continuing revolution, and therefore the traditional academic schedules and didactic schemes should be questioned. Analysing opinions collected from medical students regarding old and new teaching methods and tools has become mandatory, with a view towards renovating the process of medical education. A cross-sectional online survey was created with Google® docs and administrated to all students of our medical school. Students were asked to express their opinion on their favourite teaching methods, learning tools, Internet websites and Internet delivery devices. Data analysis was performed using spss. The online survey was completed by 368 students. Although textbooks remain a cornerstone for training, students also identified Internet websites, multimedia non-online material, such as the Encyclopaedia on CD-ROM, and other non-online computer resources as being useful. The Internet represented an important aid to support students' learning needs, but textbooks are still their resource of choice. Among the websites noted, Google and Wikipedia significantly surpassed the peer-reviewed medical databases, and access to the Internet was primarily through personal computers in preference to other Internet access devices, such as mobile phones and tablet computers. Increasingly, students are using tablets and smartphones to instantly retrieve medical information. © 2014 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  4. Mineralogy: a modern approach to teaching a traditional discipline

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cook, G. W.

    2011-12-01

    Mineralogy has traditionally been a primary component in undergraduate geoscience curriculum. In recent years, there has been a trend in which mineralogy and petrology have been combined into Earth Materials courses. This is unfortunate as these disciplines each have much to offer students, and content once considered essential is eliminated out of necessity. Mineralogy is still fundamental to students' understanding of the Earth and Earth processes. Using a modern approach to time-honored concepts, I teach a quarter-long Introductory Mineralogy class offered through the Scripps Institution of Oceanography at the University of California, San Diego. Student evaluations of this course unequivocally indicate a high degree of learning and interest in the material, confirming that mineralogy continues to be a valuable class into the 21st century. While much of the content remains similar to what has been taught over the last century, my strategy involves a well-balanced approach to old and new. The first third of the course is background including the relevance of mineralogy, crystal chemistry, and crystallography; the second third of the course is systematic mineralogy using the Dana system; the last third of the course is devoted to understanding optical mineralogy, using modern analytical equipment such as XRD and SEM, and learning to use the petrographic microscope. Throughout the quarter, a strong emphasis is placed on the importance of hand-sample identification. Field work, traditionally not emphasized in mineralogy courses, has been re-introduced to the curriculum. I use modern technology to facilitate and support student learning. A lecture-based approach is employed with carefully crafted and organized PowerPoint presentations. PowerPoint lectures can be effective and highly engaging. The key is to ensure that the lectures are not overly reliant on text, instead relying on diagrams, charts, photos, and embedded media such as 3-D animations (ex. to teach

  5. The New Development for Teaching Foreign Language-Combination of Traditional Teaching with Modern Multi-Media Methods

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李丰芮

    2013-01-01

    With the development of society and economy, more and more talents capable persons are badly needed in the world. Under the influence of traditional English teaching mode, most English learners can only read and write. They are usually called“deaf-mutes”. Therefore, traditional English teaching mode isn’t satisfied by the teachers and received greatly challenged. Due to applying multimedia to English teaching could create more authentic language environment for the learners, which enables them to communicate in English in real-life situations. At present, the multi-media approach is the most popular language teach⁃ing method in the world. The most effective way to develop the teaching is combine multimedia with the traditional methods. This is of special significance to English teaching and make the English teaching receiving the best effect.

  6. Introducing integrated teaching and comparison with traditional teaching in undergraduate medical curriculum: A pilot study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mausumi Basu

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Medical colleges in India usually follow a traditional curriculum, characterized by "discipline wise model" which compelled Medical Council of India to recommend a teaching approach characterized by maximal efforts to encourage integrated teaching (IT between traditional subject areas. Objectives: To assess the feasibility of IT; to compare IT with traditional teaching (TT and to analyze the student′s feedback and faculty feedback about perception of IT. Materials and Methods: An interventional study was conducted among fifth semester students using pre- and post-test questionnaire and student and faculty feedback forms. Students were divided randomly into two groups. IT was introduced to Group I on the topic of tuberculosis (TB by faculties of different disciplines; using methods of didactic lectures, seminars, role play, clinical case presentation, demonstration of Ziehl-Neelsen stain, Bacillus Calmette-Guerin vaccination and visit to Directly Observed Treatment Centre. Group II were exposed to TT on TB by faculties of Community Medicine using method of didactic lectures. Paired and un-paired t-test and effect size were used as statistical tests. Results : Statistically significant results were obtained using pre- and post-test questionnaire of IT. Similarly, statistically significant results were obtained using posttest results of IT and TT. Effect size that is: Cohen′s d and Pearson correlation revealed large effect which indicates high influence on student achievement. The students and faculty showed a positive attitude about IT. Conclusion: The introduction of IT was found to be feasible and to be more effective and acceptable than TT.

  7. Teaching Climate Science in Non-traditional Classrooms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strybos, J.

    2015-12-01

    San Antonio College is the oldest, largest and centrally-located campus of Alamo Colleges, a network of five community colleges based around San Antonio, Texas with a headcount enrollment of approximately 20,000 students. The student population is diverse in ethnicity, age and income; and the Colleges understand that they play a salient role in educating its students on the foreseen impacts of climate change. This presentation will discuss the key investment Alamo Colleges has adopted to incorporate sustainability and climate science into non-traditional classrooms. The established courses that cover climate-related course material have historically had low enrollments. One of the most significant challenges is informing the student population of the value of this class both in their academic career and in their personal lives. By hosting these lessons in hands-on simulations and demonstrations that are accessible and understandable to students of any age, and pursuing any major, we have found an exciting way to teach all students about climate change and identify solutions. San Antonio College (SAC) hosts the Bill R. Sinkin Eco Centro Community Center, completed in early 2014, that serves as an environmental hub for Alamo Colleges' staff and students as well as the San Antonio community. The center actively engages staff and faculty during training days in sustainability by presenting information on Eco Centro, personal sustainability habits, and inviting faculty to bring their classes for a tour and sustainability primer for students. The Centro has hosted professors from diverse disciplines that include Architecture, Psychology, Engineering, Science, English, Fine Arts, and International Studies to bring their classes to center to learn about energy, water conservation, landscaping, and green building. Additionally, Eco Centro encourages and assists students with research projects, including a solar-hydroponic project currently under development with the support

  8. Repair vs replacement of direct composite restorations: a survey of teaching and operative techniques in Oceania.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brunton, Paul A; Ghazali, Amna; Tarif, Zahidah H; Loch, Carolina; Lynch, Christopher; Wilson, Nairn; Blum, Igor R

    2017-04-01

    To evaluate the teaching and operative techniques for the repair and/or replacement of direct resin-based composite restorations (DCRs) in dental schools in Oceania. A 14-item questionnaire was mailed to the heads of operative dentistry in 16 dental schools in Oceania (Australia, New Zealand, Fiji and Papua New Guinea). The survey asked whether the repair of DCRs was taught within the curriculum; the rationale behind the teaching; how techniques were taught, indications for repair, operative techniques, materials used, patient acceptability, expected longevity and recall systems. All 16 schools participated in the study. Thirteen (81%) reported the teaching of composite repairs as an alternative to replacement. Most schools taught the theoretical and practical aspects of repair at a clinical level only. All 13 schools (100%) agreed on tooth substance preservation being the main reason for teaching repair. The main indications for repair were marginal defects (100%), followed by secondary caries (69%). All 13 schools that performed repairs reported high patient acceptability, and considered it a definitive measure. Only three schools (23%) claimed to have a recall system in place following repair of DCRs. Most respondents either did not know or did not answer when asked about the longevity of DCRs. Repair of DCRs seems to be a viable alternative to replacement, which is actively taught within Oceania. Advantages include it being minimally invasive, preserving tooth structure, and time and money saving. However, standardised guidelines need to be developed and further clinical long-term studies need to be carried out. The decision between replacing or repairing a defective composite restoration tends to be based on what clinicians have been taught, tempered by experience and judgement. This study investigated the current status of teaching and operative techniques of repair of direct composite restorations in dental schools in Oceania. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd

  9. Replacing the Traditional Graduate Chemistry Literature Seminar with a Chemical Research Literacy Course

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scalfani, Vincent F.; Frantom, Patrick A.; Woski, Stephen A.

    2016-01-01

    A new graduate chemistry course was introduced in the Department of Chemistry at The University of Alabama. The new course, CH584-Literature and Communication in Graduate Chemistry, replaced a second year graduate student literature seminar requirement. Course topics included chemical information resources, critical analysis, scientific writing,…

  10. Teaching Embryology without Lectures and without Traditional Laboratories--An Adventure in Innovation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heady, Judith E.

    1993-01-01

    Describes problems with teaching embryology in the traditional manner. Presents a new approach where students prepare presentations, questions, and discussion topics. During laboratory periods, students conducted their own long-term research projects. (PR)

  11. An Evaluation of Outcomes Following the Replacement of Traditional Histology Laboratories with Self-Study Modules

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thompson, Andrew R.; Lowrie, Donald J., Jr.

    2017-01-01

    Changes in medical school curricula often require educators to develop teaching strategies that decrease contact hours while maintaining effective pedagogical methods. When faced with this challenge, faculty at the University of Cincinnati College of Medicine converted the majority of in-person histology laboratory sessions to self-study modules…

  12. Improving the Teaching of Microsoft Excel: Traditional Book versus Online Platform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brooks, Stoney; Taylor, Joseph

    2016-01-01

    The authors explore the differences between traditional, book-based methods of teaching Excel and online, platform-supported methods by comparing teaching students in different locations, with and without online support. As Excel is a critical skill for business majors, the authors investigate which methods and locations provide the highest…

  13. Non-Traditional Students and Critical Pedagogy: Transformative Practice and the Teaching of Criminal Law

    Science.gov (United States)

    Menis, Susanna

    2017-01-01

    This article explores the practical implication of adopting critical pedagogy, and more specifically critical legal pedagogy, in the teaching of non-traditional students in higher education context. It is based on the teaching of criminal law at Birkbeck School of Law, addressing learning tasks which have been designed to enhance students'…

  14. Non-Traditional Students and Critical Pedagogy: Transformative Practice and the Teaching of Criminal Law

    Science.gov (United States)

    Menis, Susanna

    2017-01-01

    This article explores the practical implication of adopting critical pedagogy, and more specifically critical legal pedagogy, in the teaching of non-traditional students in higher education context. It is based on the teaching of criminal law at Birkbeck School of Law, addressing learning tasks which have been designed to enhance students'…

  15. Replacement of traditional lectures with computer-based tutorials: a case study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Derek Lavelle

    1996-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper reports on a pilot project with a group of 60 second-year undergraduates studying the use of standard forms of contract in the construction industry. The project entailed the replacement of two of a series of nine scheduled lectures with a computer-based tutorial. The two main aims of the project were to test the viability of converting existing lecture material into computer-based material on an in-house production basis, and to obtain feedback from the student cohort on their behavioural response to the change in media. The effect on student performance was not measured at this stage of development.

  16. Andragogical Teaching Methods to Enhance Non-Traditional Student Classroom Engagement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allen, Pamela; Withey, Paul; Lawton, Deb; Aquino, Carlos Tasso

    2016-01-01

    The aim of this study was to provide a reflection of current trends in higher education, identify some of the changes in student behavior, and potential identification of non-traditional classroom facilitation with the purpose of strengthening active learning and use of technology in the classroom. Non-traditional teaching is emerging in the form…

  17. Traditions and Innovations: English Language Teaching in Russia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ter-Minasova, Svetlana G.

    2005-01-01

    The English language in Russia: a brief survey. It includes a historical perspective, the traditions of the past and the new challenges of the present-day situation. The history is simple: it is based on a deep love of foreign languages in general and English in particular. Love against all odds, for better, for worse, for richer and for poorer.…

  18. Teaching College Microeconomics: Online vs. Traditional Classroom Instruction

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCarty, Cynthia; Bennett, Doris; Carter, Shawn

    2013-01-01

    The use of online course offerings in college has grown sharply in recent years. Previous research, while limited, is inconclusive in determining expected student performance in online versus a traditional lecture format. This paper focuses specifically on student performance in introductory microeconomics classes, analyzing learning differences…

  19. Teaching Ugandan Traditional Dances and Drumming in Summer Camps

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mabingo, Alfdaniels

    2017-01-01

    Dances and drum rhythms from African traditions have been integrated into summer camp activities in the United States as a response to the ever-globalized environments in which these camps are located and the diversity of the campers and teachers that they attract. This reflective article draws on critical reflections, observations and experiences…

  20. Puzzle based teaching versus traditional instruction in electrocardiogram interpretation for medical students – a pilot study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dhoble Abhijeet

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Most medical professionals are expected to possess basic electrocardiogram (EKG interpretation skills. But, published data suggests that residents' and physicians' EKG interpretation skills are suboptimal. Learning styles differ among medical students; individualization of teaching methods has been shown to be viable and may result in improved learning. Puzzles have been shown to facilitate learning in a relaxed environment. The objective of this study was to assess efficacy of teaching puzzle in EKG interpretation skills among medical students. Methods This is a reader blinded crossover trial. Third year medical students from College of Human Medicine, Michigan State University participated in this study. Two groups (n = 9 received two traditional EKG interpretation skills lectures followed by a standardized exam and two extra sessions with the teaching puzzle and a different exam. Two other groups (n = 6 received identical courses and exams with the puzzle session first followed by the traditional teaching. EKG interpretation scores on final test were used as main outcome measure. Results The average score after only traditional teaching was 4.07 ± 2.08 while after only the puzzle session was 4.04 ± 2.36 (p = 0.97. The average improvement after the traditional session was followed up with a puzzle session was 2.53 ± 1.94 while the average improvement after the puzzle session was followed with the traditional session was 2.08 ± 1.73 (p = 0.67. The final EKG exam score for this cohort (n = 15 was 84.1 compared to 86.6 (p = 0.22 for a comparable sample of medical students (n = 15 at a different campus. Conclusion Teaching EKG interpretation with puzzles is comparable to traditional teaching and may be particularly useful for certain subgroups of students. Puzzle session are more interactive and relaxing, and warrant further investigations on larger scale.

  1. Teaching pathophysiology: strategies to enliven the traditional lecture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Horn, Elizabeth R; Hyde, Yolanda M; Tesh, Anita S; Kautz, Donald D

    2014-01-01

    The depth and breadth of pathophysiology content, foundational for nursing practice, is well suited for traditional lecture delivery. Use of creative strategies can deepen students' understanding while respecting students' diverse talents and ways of learning. The authors discuss strategies they used, including case studies, questions asked during lecture using immediate feedback technology, creative visual demonstrations, group pathophysiologic theory projects, short videos, and games, to enhance students' understanding and retention of content.

  2. Are Live Ultrasound Models Replaceable? Traditional vs. Simulated Education Module for FAST

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suzanne Bentley

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The focused assessment with sonography for trauma (FAST is a commonly used and life-saving tool in the initial assessment of trauma patients. The recommended emergency medicine (EM curriculum includes ultrasound and studies show the additional utility of ultrasound training for medical students. EM clerkships vary and often do not contain formal ultrasound instruction. Time constraints for facilitating lectures and hands-on learning of ultrasound are challenging. Limitations on didactics call for development and inclusion of novel educational strategies, such as simulation. The objective of this study was to compare the test, survey, and performance of ultrasound between medical students trained on an ultrasound simulator versus those trained via traditional, hands-on patient format. Methods: This was a prospective, blinded, controlled educational study focused on EM clerkship medical students. After all received a standardized lecture with pictorial demonstration of image acquisition, students were randomized into two groups: control group receiving traditional training method via practice on a human model and intervention group training via practice on an ultrasound simulator. Participants were tested and surveyed on indications and interpretation of FAST and training and confidence with image interpretation and acquisition before and after this educational activity. Evaluation of FAST skills was performed on a human model to emulate patient care and practical skills were scored via objective structured clinical examination (OSCE with critical action checklist. Results: There was no significant difference between control group (N=54 and intervention group (N=39 on pretest scores, prior ultrasound training/education, or ultrasound comfort level in general or on FAST. All students (N=93 showed significant improvement from pre- to post-test scores and significant improvement in comfort level using ultrasound in general and on FAST

  3. Nursing Students Perceptions about Traditional and Innovative Teaching Strategies– A Pilot Study

    OpenAIRE

    Sailaxmi Gandhi; Mythili D; Thirumoorthy A

    2015-01-01

    Background: Nursing education is undergoing tremendous changes with the changing needs of the rapidly changing society. A sound education system is the prerequisite for the development of any nation. Aim and Objectives: One way to enhance nursing education was to evaluate the learning perceptions of various teaching strategies in nursing education programs. The study was aimed to evaluate the student learning perception about traditional and modern teaching strategi...

  4. Telerehabilitation Versus Traditional Care Following Total Hip Replacement: A Randomized Controlled Trial Protocol

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bourke, Michael; Crossley, Kay; Russell, Trevor

    2017-01-01

    Background Total hip replacement (THR) is the gold standard treatment for severe hip osteoarthritis. Effectiveness of physical rehabilitation for THR patients following discharge from hospital is supported by evidence; however, barriers such as geographical location and transport can limit access to appropriate health care. One solution to this issue is using an alternative model of care using telerehabilitation technology to deliver rehabilitation programs directly into patients’ homes. A telerehabilitation model may also have potential health care cost savings for health care providers. Objective This study aims to determine if a telerehabilitation model of care delivered remotely is as effective as face-to-face rehabilitation in the THR population and cost effective for health care providers and patients. Methods A total of 70 people undergoing THR will be recruited to participate in a randomized, single-blind, controlled noninferiority clinical trial. The trial will compare a technology-based THR rehabilitation program to in-person care. On discharge from hospital, participants randomized to the in-person group will receive usual care, defined as a paper home exercise program (HEP) targeting strengthening exercises for quadriceps, hip abductors, extensors, and flexors; they will be advised to perform their HEP 3 times per day. At 2, 4, and 6 weeks postoperatively, they will receive a 30-minute in-person physiotherapy session with a focus on gait retraining and reviewing and progressing their HEP. The telerehabilitation protocol will involve a program similar in content to the in-person rehabilitation program, except delivery will be directly into the homes of the participants via telerehabilitation technology on an iPad. Outcomes will be evaluated preoperatively, day of discharge from in-patient physiotherapy, 6 weeks and 6 months postoperatively. The primary outcome will be the quality of life subscale of the hip disability and osteoarthritis outcome score

  5. Didactics of the use of ICT and traditional teaching aids in municipal higher education institutions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ideleichy Lombillo Rivero

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Issues related to the use of teaching aids in Higher Education are currently going through constant revision and rethinking due to the rapid advancement of science and technology. Their uses have significantly changed after the introduction of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs within the educational field. One of the main tasks to be performed by didactics in Higher Education teaching today is precisely to deepen into rational and effective class-teaching means, understood in a broad sense: from traditional teaching aids to ICTs. This reality has materialized in the current blended learning model which characterizes the New Cuban University. Therefore, it was considered appropriate to characterize the present-day teaching practice, based on the use of teaching aids in Cuba’s university classrooms, as part of the second stage within the research project "Improvement of the universalization process in Municipal Higher Education Institutions in the Havana province. Generalization of results and development of contextualized innovative experiences." The study was carried out at eleven ‘Physical Culture’ Municipal Higher Education Institutions (MHEIs in two academic periods (2007-2009 and 2009-2011. A descriptive methodology consisting of observation, surveys and the "Osgood Semantic Differential" scale as main methods and techniques was applied. The results obtained showed that teachers make an occasional, non-systematic and reluctant use of teaching aids during the teaching-learning process, especially when it comes to ICT-based teaching aids.

  6. Understanding Notional Machines through Traditional Teaching with Conceptual Contraposition and Program Memory Tracing

    OpenAIRE

    Jeisson Hidalgo-Céspedes; Gabriela Marín-Raventós; Vladimir Lara-Villagrán

    2016-01-01

    A correct understanding about how computers run code is mandatory in order to effectively learn to program. Lectures have historically been used in programming courses to teach how computers execute code, and students are assessed through traditional evaluation methods, such as exams. Constructivism learning theory objects to students’ passiveness during lessons, and traditional quantitative methods for evaluating a complex cognitive process such as understanding. Constructivism proposes comp...

  7. Non-traditional approaches to teaching GPS online

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matias, A.; Wolf, D. F., II

    2009-12-01

    Students are increasingly turning to the web for quality education that fits into their lives. Nonetheless, online learning brings challenges as well as a fresh opportunity for exploring pedagogical practices not present on traditional higher education programs, particularly in the sciences. A team of two dozen Empire State College-State University of New York instructional designers, faculty, and other staff are working on making science relevant to non-majors who may initially have anxiety about general education science courses. One of these courses, GPS and the New Geography, focuses on how Global Positioning System (GPS) technology provides a base for inquiry and scientific discovery from a range of environmental issues with local, regional, and global scope. GPS and the New Geography is an introductory level course developed under a grant supported by the Charitable Leadership Foundation. Taking advantage of the proliferation of tools currently available for online learning management systems, we explore current trends in Web 2.0 applications to aggregate and leverage data to create a nontraditional, interactive learning environment. Using our best practices to promote on-line discussion and interaction, these tools help engage students and foster deep learning. During the 15-week term students learn through case studies, problem-based exercises, and the use of scientific data; thus, expanding their spatial literacy and gain experience using real spatial technology tools to enhance their understanding of real-world issues. In particular, we present how the use of Mapblogs an in-house developed blogging platform that uses GIS interplaying with GPS units, interactive data presentations, intuitive visual working environments, harnessing RSS feeds, and other nontraditional Web 2.0 technology has successfully promoted active learning in the virtual learning environment.

  8. A Blended Model: Simultaneously Teaching a Quantitative Course Traditionally, Online, and Remotely

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lightner, Constance A.; Lightner-Laws, Carin A.

    2016-01-01

    As universities seek to bolster enrollment through distance education, faculty are tasked with maintaining comparable teaching/learning standards in traditional, blended, and online courses. Research has shown that there is an achievement gap between students taking courses exclusively offered online versus those enrolled in face-to-face classes.…

  9. Integrating Emerging Technologies in Teaching Ugandan Traditional Dances in K-12 Schools in New York City

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mabingo, Alfdaniels

    2015-01-01

    Schools in New York City have made attempts to embrace and support the strand of "making connections", which is laid out in the New York City Department of Dance blueprint for teaching and learning in dance for grades PreK-12. Accordingly, some schools have integrated Ugandan traditional dances into the dance curriculum, and dance…

  10. Valuing Cultural Context and Style: Strategies for Teaching Traditional Jazz Dance from the Inside Out

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hubbard, Karen W.

    2008-01-01

    This article presents an approach to teaching that acknowledges the history and style of authentic jazz dance; also known as traditional jazz dance. Described for students on the first class-day as "...your great-grandparents' jazz..." the course is an introduction to the stylistic characteristics of an indigenous U.S. form evolved primarily from…

  11. Integrating Emerging Technologies in Teaching Ugandan Traditional Dances in K-12 Schools in New York City

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mabingo, Alfdaniels

    2015-01-01

    Schools in New York City have made attempts to embrace and support the strand of "making connections", which is laid out in the New York City Department of Dance blueprint for teaching and learning in dance for grades PreK-12. Accordingly, some schools have integrated Ugandan traditional dances into the dance curriculum, and dance…

  12. Transgressing the Traditional? Teaching and Learning Methods in a Medieval History Access Course.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gunn, Victoria A.

    2000-01-01

    Describes a medieval history access course at the University of Glasgow (Scotland) in which non-traditional teaching methods were used, specifically collaborative group work and embedded rhetorical training for essay writing. Questions the idea of discipline-specific pedagogical practice. (Author/DB)

  13. Waterless Condensers for the Teaching Laboratory: An Adaptation of Traditional Glassware

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baum, Erich W.; Esteb, John J.; Wilson, Anne M.

    2014-01-01

    A simple adaptation of traditional "chemistry kit" condensers for the organic chemistry teaching laboratory is described. These waterless condensers have been employed safely with most solvents. They can be easily fabricated, stored, and used in the same manner as water-cooled condensers. These condensers were utilized in several…

  14. Does Interdisciplinarity Exist behind the Facade of Traditional Disciplines? A Study of Natural Resource Management Teaching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pharo, Emma; Bridle, Kerry

    2012-01-01

    We investigated the hypothesis that interdisciplinarity is being explicitly taught behind the facade of traditional disciplines. We interviewed 14 academics (seven geographers and seven agricultural scientists) about their teaching in the inherently interdisciplinary field of natural resource management. Our teachers were generally well informed…

  15. Valuing Cultural Context and Style: Strategies for Teaching Traditional Jazz Dance from the Inside Out

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hubbard, Karen W.

    2008-01-01

    This article presents an approach to teaching that acknowledges the history and style of authentic jazz dance; also known as traditional jazz dance. Described for students on the first class-day as "...your great-grandparents' jazz..." the course is an introduction to the stylistic characteristics of an indigenous U.S. form evolved primarily from…

  16. 3-D Haiku: A New Way To Teach a Traditional Form.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tweedie, Sanford; Kolitsky, Michael A.

    2002-01-01

    Describes a three dimensional poetry genre--a way of rewriting two dimensional haiku in a three dimensional cube that can only be viewed in cyberspace. Discusses traditional versus 3-D haiku, introducing 3-D haiku into the classroom, reasons to teach 3-D haiku, and creating 3-D haiku. (RS)

  17. Sustainability: Teaching an Interdisciplinary Threshold Concept through Traditional Lecture and Active Learning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ekaterina M. Levintova

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available One of the difficulties in teaching global sustainability in the introductory political science classes is the different emphases placed on this concept and the absence of the consensus on where the overall balance between environmental protection, economic development, and social justice should reside. Like many fuzzy concepts with which students struggle, teaching sustainability lends itself to pedagogical examination within the scholarship of threshold concepts. This article investigates students’ understanding of sustainability in the seven semesters when the concept of sustainability was introduced via role-playing simulation and compares it with the similar data from a more recent semester when simulation was supplemented with traditional lecture and classroom exercises. Ultimately, our research question is twofold: (1 How do students define a multifaceted concept like global sustainability and (2 what is the better way to teach it – active learning only or active learning in combination with traditional instruction?

  18. Comparision of traditional and computer aided teaching approaches for the preschoolers’ color concept acquisition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nihal Demir

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the study is to compare effect of education with computer and traditional education system to 3-4 years old children attending pre-school institution to have them gain basic and unbasic colors. For this aim, giving color concept with computer education and traditional education research it is investigated which method is more effective for 3-4 years old children who attend nursery school in Selçuklu.The research is planned as experimental. In this study, children are divided into two groups. Half of them are in experimental group with computer; and half of them are in control group with traditional education method. After training for a period, color evaluation scale is put into practise.In analyzing data, independent t test is used. Significant differences are found betwen the methods. When the total point is statistically evaluated, significant diffirences are found betwen the comprehension level of the color of the two groups who got computer and traditional method of  teaching to learn basic and unbasic color (p<0,05. Therefore, the group who got computer education method of teaching are found to be more successful than the group who get the traditional method of teaching in learning the color.

  19. Tradition

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Otto, Ton

    2016-01-01

    “Tradition” and its adjective “traditional” are frequently used terms in sociological and anthropological descriptions to indicate cultural continuity with the past. More specifically, tradition refers to the process of handing down from one generation to the next and also to what is passed on...

  20. Evaluation of Team-Based Learning and Traditional Instruction in Teaching Removable Partial Denture Concepts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Echeto, Luisa F; Sposetti, Venita; Childs, Gail; Aguilar, Maria L; Behar-Horenstein, Linda S; Rueda, Luis; Nimmo, Arthur

    2015-09-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of team-based learning (TBL) methodology on dental students' retention of knowledge regarding removable partial denture (RPD) treatment. The process of learning RPD treatment requires that students first acquire foundational knowledge and then use critical thinking skills to apply that knowledge to a variety of clinical situations. The traditional approach to teaching, characterized by a reliance on lectures, is not the most effective method for learning clinical applications. To address the limitations of that approach, the teaching methodology of the RPD preclinical course at the University of Florida was changed to TBL, which has been shown to motivate student learning and improve clinical performance. A written examination was constructed to compare the impact of TBL with that of traditional teaching regarding students' retention of knowledge and their ability to evaluate, diagnose, and treatment plan a partially edentulous patient with an RPD prosthesis. Students taught using traditional and TBL methods took the same examination. The response rate (those who completed the examination) for the class of 2013 (traditional method) was 94% (79 students of 84); for the class of 2014 (TBL method), it was 95% (78 students of 82). The results showed that students who learned RPD with TBL scored higher on the examination than those who learned RPD with traditional methods. Compared to the students taught with the traditional method, the TBL students' proportion of passing grades was statistically significantly higher (p=0.002), and 23.7% more TBL students passed the examination. The mean score for the TBL class (0.758) compared to the conventional class (0.700) was statistically significant with a large effect size, also demonstrating the practical significance of the findings. The results of the study suggest that TBL methodology is a promising approach to teaching RPD with successful outcomes.

  1. Instrument Teaching in the Context of Oral Tradition: A Field Study from Bolu, Turkey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nesrin Kalyoncu

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available The primary objective in the present study has been to identify general characteristics of learning and teaching the playing of musical instruments in the context of oral tradition in Bolu, Turkey. The research data have been compiled over a two-year period via observation and narrative interviews conducted in the city center and surrounding villages in the province. The article specifically describes aspects of the learning-teaching process with respect to trainer, learner, setting, frequency of instruction, learning objectives, the music genres that are taught, and the musical instruments themselves.

  2. The barriers encountered by teachers implementing education for sustainable development: discipline bound differences and teaching traditions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Borg, Carola; Gericke, Niklas; Höglund, Hans-Olof; Bergman, Eva

    2012-07-01

    Background : According to the Swedish curriculum teachers in all subjects have a responsibility to integrate a holistic perspective of sustainable development (SD) and teach according to an education for sustainable development (ESD) approach. However previous research has shown that teachers from different subjects perceive SD differently. Purpose : The study aimed at investigating if and how teachers' subject area influences their ability to implement a holistic perspective of ESD; we investigated both the impact of teaching traditions and the barriers that teachers experienced. Sample : A stratified sample of 224 Swedish upper secondary schools participated. An online questionnaire was sent and answered by a total of 3229 teachers at these schools. In total, there were 669 science teachers, 373 social science teachers, 483 language teachers, 713 vocational and esthetical-practical teachers, and 739 teachers from other disciplines who participated in the survey. Design and methods : The questionnaire consisted of questions requiring Likert-scale responses and multiple-choice questions. The data from the questionnaire were analyzed using Pearson's Chi-square test and one-way ANOVA. The significance level accepted was p teaching method used. The teaching tradition of the social science teachers seemed to be most in line to an ESD approach. Many language teachers (41%) stated they did not include SD issues in their teaching at all. Among the barriers identified, the most common obstacles were that the teachers lacked inspiring examples of how to include SD in their teaching and that they lacked the necessary expertise about SD. Conclusion : This study highlights the need for the management within schools to create opportunities for teachers to work collaboratively when teaching ESD. It is also important to provide further training that is adjusted to the needs of different disciplines.

  3. The effect of the replacement of fat with carbohydrate-based fat replacers on the dough properties and quality of the baked pogaca: a traditional high-fat bakery product

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seher SERIN

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Pogaca is a traditional high-fat bakery product in Turkey. This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of fat replacement in pogaca formulation by various amounts (5, 10 and 15 g on 100 g wheat flour basis of inulin, polydextrose and maltodextrin on the properties of dough and quality of pogaca. Dough stickiness values were increased by increasing the amount of fat replacer at the all fat reduction levels (20, 30 and 40% studied. Extensibility and resistance to extension values of dough were also significantly changed due to the fat replacement. Sensory analysis of pogaca showed that the formulations prepared by maltodextrin and polydextrose generally received higher scores than the formulation prepared by inulin. Overall, it was observed that up to 30% of the fat can be replaced in pogaca formulation without any decrease in the physical, textural and sensory quality of pogaca.

  4. INTEGRATION OF TRADITIONAL CHINESE WRITING AND PROCESS WRITING APPROACHES IN TEACHING EFL WRITING

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    This paper adopts a pedagogical approach to theteaching of English writing to EFL learners of interme-diate or advanced level in China.The teaching ofwriting has been a problem to Chinese EFL teachers fora long time.On the one hand,they want to make anattempt to adopt fashionable and effective Englishwriting approaches,like process writing.On the otherhand,they are frustrated by the traditional Chinesewriting method.Some of our language educators arealways struggling against the influence of our tradi-tional Chinese writing method.A negative attitudetowards our mother tongue writing approach has beenestablished or accepted by most of our EFL teachers,which result in the EFL learners’panic in their Eng-lish writing course because they are afraid of being ac-cused of writing a Chinese composition in Englishwords.Needless to say,this kind of teaching stylecannot be effective and is frustrating instead.The au-thor presents an integrated and practical solution tothis problem and discusses the applicability of the ap-proach.The author discusses how we can effectivelyintegrate the traditional Chinese writing method andthe popular process writing approach in teaching Eng-lish writing.

  5. Evaluating views of lecturers on the consistency of teaching content with teaching approach: traditional versus reform calculus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sevimli, Eyup

    2016-08-01

    This study aims to evaluate the consistency of teaching content with teaching approaches in calculus on the basis of lecturers' views. In this sense, the structures of the examples given in two commonly used calculus textbooks, both in traditional and reform classrooms, are compared. The content analysis findings show that the examples in both textbooks are presented in a rather formal language and generally highlight procedural knowledge. And, even though the examples in the reform book chosen are structured using multiple representations, only a small number of them incorporated the usage of instructional technology. The lecturers' views which were gathered indicated that, although, on the one hand, the example structures of the traditional textbook largely overlapped with the characteristics of the traditional approach, the example structures of the reform textbook, on the other hand, were found to be inconsistent with the characteristics of the reform approach, especially with regard to its environment and knowledge components. At the end of the paper, some suggestions for further studies are provided for book authors and researchers.

  6. Understanding Notional Machines through Traditional Teaching with Conceptual Contraposition and Program Memory Tracing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jeisson Hidalgo-Céspedes

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available A correct understanding about how computers run code is mandatory in order to effectively learn to program. Lectures have historically been used in programming courses to teach how computers execute code, and students are assessed through traditional evaluation methods, such as exams. Constructivism learning theory objects to students’ passiveness during lessons, and traditional quantitative methods for evaluating a complex cognitive process such as understanding. Constructivism proposes complimentary techniques, such as conceptual contraposition and colloquies. We enriched lectures of a “Programming II” (CS2 course combining conceptual contraposition with program memory tracing, then we evaluated students’ understanding of programming concepts through colloquies. Results revealed that these techniques applied to the lecture are insufficient to help students develop satisfactory mental models of the C++ notional machine, and colloquies behaved as the most comprehensive traditional evaluations conducted in the course.

  7. Effect of replacing pork backfat with pre-emulsified olive oil on lipid fraction and sensory quality of Chorizo de Pamplona - a traditional Spanish fermented sausage.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muguerza, E; Gimeno, O; Ansorena, D; Bloukas, J G; Astiasarán, I

    2001-11-01

    Six treatments of Chorizo de Pamplona, traditional Spanish fermented sausage, were manufactured under usual commercial conditions by replacing 0, 10, 15, 20, 25 and 30% of pork backfat by pre-emulsified olive oil with soy protein isolate. Sausages with 20-30% replacing level had higher (Psausages with 15-30% replacing level, and linoleic acid increased in sausages with 10-25%. Sausages with 10-25% of substitution had lower total SFA-stearic and higher (Psausages with 20-25% replacing level, and up to 22% in sausages with 30% replacing level. Sausages with 10-25% of substitution were acceptable from the sensorial point of view. The texture and colour instrumental measures were comparable with that of commercial products. No increments in hexanal content were observed. It is concluded that up to 25% of pork backfat can be replaced with pre-emulsified olive oil in the production of Chorizo de Pamplona fermented sausages. Higher replacing levels of pork backfat did not show nutritional advantages in relation to the fatty acid profile and were unacceptable due to considerable dripping of fat during ripening.

  8. The Effectiveness of Traditional and 21st Century Teaching Tools on Students' Science Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bellflower, Julie V.

    Any student seeking a high school diploma from the public school system in one U.S. state must pass the state's high school graduation test. In 2009, only 88% of students at one high school in the state met the basic proficiency requirements on the science portion of the test. Because improved science education has been identified as an explicit national goal, the purpose of this mixed methods study was to determine whether traditional teaching tools (notes, lecture, and textbook) or 21st century teaching tools (online tutorials, video games, YouTube, and virtual labs) lead to greater gains in students' science learning. Bruner's constructivist and Bandura's social cognitive theories served as the foundations for the study. Quantitative research questions were used to investigate the relationship between the type of teaching tools used and student learning gains. Quantitative data from students' pre and posttests were collected and analyzed using a dependent samples t-test. Qualitative data were collected through a focus group interview and participant journals. Analysis of the qualitative data included coding the data and writing a descriptive narrative to convey the findings. Results showed no statistically significant differences in students' science achievement: both types of teaching tools led to student learning gains. As a result, an action plan was developed to assist science educators in the implementation of traditional and 21st century teaching tools that can be used to improve students' science learning. Implications for positive social change included providing science educators with a specific plan of action that will enhance students' science learning, thereby increasing science scores on the state and other high stakes tests.

  9. Comparing Cell Phone-Based and Traditional Lecture-Based Teaching Methods' Effects on Agricultural Students' Learning

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Abdolhamid Papzan; Adel Sulaimany

    2010-01-01

    ... research was conducted to examine the effect of teaching via cell phone on students learning in Khooshehaye Zarin agricultural school in Rawansar, Kermanshah province, and comparing it with traditional lecture method...

  10. Usefulness of an Internet-based thematic learning network: comparison of effectiveness with traditional teaching.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coma Del Corral, María Jesús; Guevara, José Cordero; Luquin, Pedro Abáigar; Peña, Horacio J; Mateos Otero, Juan José

    2006-03-01

    UniNet is an Internet-based thematic network for a virtual community of users (VCU). It supports one multidisciplinary community of doctoral students, who receive most of the courses on the network. The evident advantages of distance learning by Internet, in terms of costs, comfort, etc., require a previous evaluation of the system, focusing on the learning outcomes of the student. The aim was to evaluate the real learning of the students of doctorate courses, by comparing the effectiveness of distance learning in UniNet with traditional classroom-based teaching. Five doctorate courses were taught simultaneously to two independent groups of students in two ways: one, through the UniNet Network, and the other in a traditional classroom. The academic knowledge of students was evaluated at the beginning and end of each course. The difference in score was considered as a knowledge increase. The comparison was made using Student's t-test for independent groups. There were no significant statistical differences in the outcomes of the two groups of students. This suggests that both teaching systems were equivalent in increasing the knowledge of the students. Both educational methods, the traditional system and the online system in a thematic network, are effective and similar for increasing knowledge.

  11. Teaching personal initiative beats traditional training in boosting small business in West Africa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campos, Francisco; Frese, Michael; Goldstein, Markus; Iacovone, Leonardo; Johnson, Hillary C; McKenzie, David; Mensmann, Mona

    2017-09-22

    Standard business training programs aim to boost the incomes of the millions of self-employed business owners in developing countries by teaching basic financial and marketing practices, yet the impacts of such programs are mixed. We tested whether a psychology-based personal initiative training approach, which teaches a proactive mindset and focuses on entrepreneurial behaviors, could have more success. A randomized controlled trial in Togo assigned microenterprise owners to a control group (n = 500), a leading business training program (n = 500), or a personal initiative training program (n = 500). Four follow-up surveys tracked outcomes for firms over 2 years and showed that personal initiative training increased firm profits by 30%, compared with a statistically insignificant 11% for traditional training. The training is cost-effective, paying for itself within 1 year. Copyright © 2017 The Authors, some rights reserved; exclusive licensee American Association for the Advancement of Science. No claim to original U.S. Government Works.

  12. Transition from traditional to innovative teaching in and beyond pharmacology at Ziauddin Medical University

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Qamaruddin BARAKZAI

    2004-01-01

    Innovative teaching methodologies in different parts of the world are being practiced since last 3 decades. The aim of this review is to report the transition from traditional to innovative self learning process in Ziauddin Medical University, a new medical institute of Pakistan. Various problems encountered have been duly looked after by inducting faculty training programs and regular review sessions in which monitoring of the transition process was duly observed as well as further advancements were also planned. The University being a pioneer has attracted other institutions which have also planned to induct PBL in their curriculum.Vertical and horizontal integration has also inducted better understanding of subjects and fruitful advantages had been accomplished in subjects as pharmacology and pathology. In conclusion, the initial decision of the university to adapt innovative teaching methodologies along with following an integrated curriculum based on PBL and Community Oriented Medical Education system has now made ZMU a Novel institute amongst other medical institutes in the country.

  13. Teaching undergraduate nursing research: a comparison of traditional and innovative approaches for success with millennial learners.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCurry, Mary K; Martins, Diane C

    2010-05-01

    Historically, nursing students have questioned the value of a nursing research course and have not appreciated the research-practice link. These are important concerns in light of the increasing emphasis on evidence-based nursing practice. The purpose of this study was to develop innovative strategies for teaching undergraduate nursing research that engage millennial learners and emphasize the relationship between evidence-based practice and clinical outcomes. Innovative assignments were developed that included interactive learning, group work, and practical applications preferred by these learners. Using a Likert scale, students' perceived effectiveness of innovative assignments and more traditional assignments were compared. Results indicated a preference for active learning assignments, reading quizzes, clinical nurse researcher presentations, and collaboration with clinical course assignments. By combining traditional assignments with innovative strategies and nursing practice applications, millennial learners were engaged and able to clearly articulate the value of the research-practice link vital to evidence-based nursing practice.

  14. Incidence and complications of traditional eye medications in Nigeria in a teaching hospital

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ukponmwan Catherine

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: The aim of this study was to determine the types and nature of traditional eye medications (TEMs, their sources, and the ocular complications that may arise from use in a teaching hospital in Nigeria. Materials and Methods: A prospective study of consecutive subjects who used TEM before presentation to the Eye Clinic of the University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin City, Nigeria between July 1, 2004 and June 30, 2008. P < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: A total of 113 subjects were evaluated of which 64 were males (56.6%, females (43.4% were females. There was no significant difference in the number of males and females (P > 0.05. Rural dwellers were more likely to use TEM than urban dwellers (P < 0.0001. The mean age of the subjects was 47.9 ΁ 22.3 years (range, 4-90 years. The most common traditional medication was derived from plant extracts (54.9% followed by concoctions (21.2%. Complications occurred in 54.8% of the subjects. Ocular complications included corneal opacities in 13.35% of subjects, staphyloma in 9%, and corneal ulcers in 8%. Other complications were panophthalmitis, endophthalmitis, uveitis, cataract, and bullous keratopathy. Eleven subjects underwent evisceration or enucleation of the affected eye. There was no significant difference in the type of medication used and ocular complications (P = 0.956. Sources of TEM were self-medication in 38.9% of subjects, relatives in 27.4%, and traditional healers in 17.7%. Conclusion: The use of TEM is a common practice that could be harmful and lead to blindness. Proper health education of the public and traditional healers can reduce the prevalence of preventable blindness.

  15. Influence of Traditional Chinese Culture on the implementation of Communicative Language Teaching in a Higher Vocational College in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    Since the 1980s,Chinese government promotes actively Communicative Language Teaching(CLT).But due to influence of traditional Chinese culture,teachers and learners have some difficulties in implementing the approach,especially private higher vocational college.The paper is to explore in what aspects of traditional Chinese culture influence the implementation of CLT.

  16. Influence of Traditional Chinese Culture on the implementation of Communicative Language Teaching in a Higher Vocational College in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    季彦君

    2015-01-01

    Since the 1980 s,Chinese government promotes actively Communicative Language Teaching(CLT).But due to influence of traditional Chinese culture,teachers and learners have some difficulties in implementing the approach,especially private higher vocational college.The paper is to explore in what aspects of traditional Chinese culture influence the implementation of CLT.

  17. English language teaching methodology in a call classroom: Testing and evaluating traditional grammar instruction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Đorđević Jasmina P.

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Pursuant to the revised Research Policy issued by the Executive Committee of the European Association for Computer Assisted Language Learning, research in the area of Computer-Assisted Language Learning (CALL, should guide language pedagogies rather than the availability of new technologies and functionalities. Accordingly, the aim of this research was to test a combination of methods and techniques rooted in traditional grammar instruction by alternating them in a conventional classroom setting (based on paper and a whiteboard and an experimental CALL setting. The hypothesis was that if the classroom activities were anchored in traditional grammar teaching methodology, the CALL environment would prove as comprehensive as the conventional classroom, thus stimulating and yielding positive results. By means of grammar-based teaching and communicative learning the grammar item 'meaning of modal verbs' was taught. Based on a quasi-experiment and the principles of a repeated measures research design, the performance of 50 students at two English language departments was alternatively measured in both the conventional and the experimental classroom settings in several subsequent instances. The analysis of the data resulted in the conclusion that the overall performance of the participants in the experimental setting exceeded the performance in the conventional setting.

  18. Effect of Teaching Reading and Traditional Methods of Language Therapy on

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehdi Dehghan

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Background: The present study compares the effects of reading instruction and traditional methods on grammar quotient of 4 to 10 years old children with down syndrome having IQ scores of 40 to 60. Materials and Methods: In this quasi-experimental and interventional study, 20 children with down syndrome, average mean age of 63 months, and 40 to 60 IQ scores were selected from 96 children with down syndrome from rehabilitation clinics within Tehran and Karaj, using convenience sampling. Then, they were assigned into two groups in the presence of their parents, using balanced randomized method. The first group was educated by whole-word reading method and the second group by traditional methods. Both groups had three 15-minute sessions per week for a period of 6 months. Pre-test and post-test grammar quotient of both groups was assessed using the Test of Persian language development. The obtained data were analyzed using the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test, t-test, and paired t-test. Results: Both groups were quite similar in age, IQ, and grammar quotient, prior to training. However, the first group showed significant development in grammar quotient, after training (p<0.001. Conclusion: In comparison with traditional methods of language therapy that emphasize on weakness of children with down syndrome by employing auditory modality, teaching reading through whole-word method based on their strength “visual memory” has more influence on grammar quotient of them.

  19. Discerning selective traditions in science education: a qualitative study of teachers' responses to what is important in science teaching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sund, Per

    2016-06-01

    Science teachers have differing views about what students should learn. Their teaching experience often leads them to develop habitual answers to students' questions, such as—why should I learn this? Some teachers argue that students need to learn more `canonical' science knowledge so that they can become scientists, while others tell students to apply scientific knowledge in order to make their everyday lives easier. If a group of teachers argue and act in similar ways in similar situations, they can be described as working in a similar collective habit. In this study these are called selective traditions in science teaching. In practical terms they work well in everyday, multifaceted, hectic teaching situations. However, the traditions can obstruct the inclusion of socio-scientific issues in national science education tests. Some research has been conducted on selective traditions in written curriculum material, although little is known about how they can be discerned in teachers' descriptions of their science teaching. This study draws on Dewey's discussion of the interplay between individual and collective habits to discern teaching traditions by regarding them as institutionalized teaching habits. A firmly developed analytical tool is applied to the extensive data consisting of twenty-nine Swedish science teachers' responses in semi-structured interviews. The methodology used in this study is inspired by earlier environmental and sustainability education research. The results are discussed in relation to earlier research on `scientific literacy' and how research can support teachers' changes of practice to encourage students to perform better in large-scale tests.

  20. To remove or to replace traditional electronic games? A crossover randomised controlled trial on the impact of removing or replacing home access to electronic games on physical activity and sedentary behaviour in children aged 10–12 years

    Science.gov (United States)

    Straker, Leon M; Abbott, Rebecca A; Smith, Anne J

    2013-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the impact of (1) the removal of home access to traditional electronic games or (2) their replacement with active input electronic games, on daily physical activity and sedentary behaviour in children aged 10–12 years. Design Crossover randomised controlled trial, over 6 months. Setting Family homes in metropolitan Perth, Australia from 2007 to 2010. Participants 10-year-old to 12-year-old children were recruited through school and community media. From 210 children who were eligible, 74 met inclusion criteria, 8 withdrew and 10 had insufficient primary outcome measures, leaving 56 children (29 female) for analysis. Intervention A counterbalanced randomised order of three conditions sustained for 8 weeks each: no home access to electronic games, home access to traditional electronic games and home access to active input electronic games. Main outcome measures Primary outcome was accelerometer assessed moderate/vigorous physical activity (MVPA). Secondary outcomes included sedentary time and diary assessed physical activity and sedentary behaviours. Results Daily MVPA across the whole week was not significantly different between conditions. However, compared with home access to traditional electronic games, removal of all electronic games resulted in a significant increase in MVPA (mean 3.8 min/day, 95% CI 1.5 to 6.1) and a decrease in sedentary time (4.7 min/day, 0.0 to 9.5) in the after-school period. Similarly, replacing traditional games with active input games resulted in a significant increase in MVPA (3.2 min/day, 0.9 to 5.5) and a decrease in sedentary time (6.2 min/day, 1.4 to 11.4) in the after-school period. Diary reports supported an increase in physical activity and a decrease in screen-based sedentary behaviours with both interventions. Conclusions Removal of sedentary electronic games from the child's home and replacing these with active electronic games both resulted in small, objectively measured improvements in

  1. Evaluating the Effectiveness of the Open-Access ChemWiki Resource as a Replacement for Traditional General Chemistry Textbooks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allen, Gregory; Guzman-Alvarez, Alberto; Smith, Amy; Gamage, Alan; Molinaro, Marco; Larsen, Delmar S.

    2015-01-01

    Open educational resources (OERs) provide a potential alternative to costly textbooks and can allow content to be edited and adapted to a variety of classroom environments. At the University of California, Davis, the OER "ChemWiki" project, as part of the greater STEMWiki Hyperlibrary, was developed to supplant traditional post-secondary…

  2. Use of a non-traditional university ambulatory practice to teach large animal medicine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Masterson, Margaret A; Welker, Bimbo; Midla, Lowell T; Meiring, Richard W; Hoblet, Kent H

    2004-01-01

    While many other veterinary schools have moved away from a traditional university-based ambulatory practice, the Ohio State University's Large Animal Practice has continued to provide a cost-effective and valuable method of preparing students for today's careers in veterinary medicine. The practice provides a full array of services to production, equine, and camelid clients, including herd health, individual animal medicine and surgery, and emergency services. Acquiring established practices from alumni has formed the client base. Four full-time veterinarians operate the clinic. While these same clinicians do some classroom teaching, their primary responsibility is devoted to the five to six fourth-year veterinary students who rotate through the clinic every two weeks. Teaching methods and objectives for these students include case discussions, homework, truck quiz books, and practice management issues. Financially, the clinic runs as a private practice, with minimal support from the college (201,000 US dollars per fiscal year) and a gross income of 676,000 US dollars per year. Thus, in a cost-effective manner, this required core ambulatory rotation provides students with a scientific learning experience that exposes them to all aspects of large animal production medicine in a real-world setting.

  3. Teaching Research in the Traditional Classroom: Why Make Graduate Students Wait?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carr, Lincoln D.

    2016-05-01

    Physics graduate programs tend to divide the degree into two parts: (1) theory, taught in classes, almost totally divorced from the lab setting; and (2) research, taught in a research group through hands-on lab experience and mentorship. As we come to understand from undergraduate physics education research that modifying our teaching can rather easily produce quantifiably better results, it is reasonable to ask if we can make similar improvements at the graduate level. In this talk I will present the results of beginning research instruction in the classroom in the very first semester of graduate school, in the most traditional of classes - classical mechanics. In this approach, students build their knowledge from hands-on projects. They get immediately certified and experienced in the machine shop and electronics lab. There are no formal lectures. Students develop and present their own problems, and teach and challenge each other in the classroom. In contrast to polished lectures, both the instructor and the students together learn from their many public mistakes. Students give conference-style presentations instead of exams. As a result, students not only excel in analytical skills, but they also learn to tie theory to measurement, identify statistical and systematic errors, simulate computationally and model theoretically, and design their own experiments. Funded by NSF.

  4. Significance of Traditional Descriptive Geometry in Teaching and Learning Graphic Science

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Kenjiro SUZUKI

    2013-01-01

    Graphic science is the subject which teaches geometry and graphics, and is taught in early undergraduate curricula at many Japanese universities as a liberal arts subject or as a basic subject for design and drawing. In traditional graphic science courses, de-scriptive geometry based on hand drawings was taught. However, in recent years, there continues to be a rapid spread in the use of 3D-CAD in the field of engineering design and drawing, and there is also increasing use of CG in many fields such as for visualiza-tion of computer simulation results in science, and for image display in the movie and game entertainment fields. So there is a need for graphic presentation education including the competence in the use of 3D-CAD/CG, or “graphics literacy (or visual literacy) education”for a wide range of students. In order to realize graphics literacy education, from 2007, a new graphic science curriculum has been started at the College of Arts and Sciences of the University of Tokyo. The main part of the curriculum consists of Graphic Science I and Graphic Science II. With Graphic Science I, as before, traditional descriptive geometry is taught with hand drawing as the base. With Graphic Science II, commercial graphic processing software can be experienced. In this course, by introducing geo-metric problems as examples and assignments, it is designed to mutually complement with descriptive geometry education (Graphic Science I). With the spread of 3D-CAD/CG, some people say that there is no longer any need for descriptive geometry, but for the following reasons, it has been decided to teach descriptive geometry. 1) Traditional descriptive geometry is an excellent method in teaching and learning geometry of projection and of three-dimensional objects, and concepts and/or procedures in descriptive geome-try can be applied in solving geometric design problems by the use of 3D-CAD/CG. 2) Even in this age of 3D-CAD/CG, hand draw-ing is still being used (especially for

  5. Replacing animal use in physiology and pharmacology teaching in selected universities in Eastern Europe--charting a way forward.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dewhurst, David G; Kojic, Zvezdana Z

    2011-03-01

    The aims of this study were to explore the use of animals in teaching and the implementation of innovative technology-based teaching practices across a small sample of universities in Eastern Europe. The research methods used were a questionnaire circulated four weeks before a workshop took place (in October 2009, in Belgrade, Serbia), as well as focused, face-to-face group discussions, led by one of the authors during the workshop. Twenty-two faculty (physiologists and pharmacologists), from 13 Eastern European countries, attended the meeting. Fourteen of the eighteen schools represented at the workshop were making use of animals, in some instances in quite large numbers, for their teaching. For example, a single department at a Romanian university used over 250 animals per annum, and at least 1130 animals were used, per annum, across all of the institutions. The species used in largest numbers were the rat (34%), frog/toad (29%), mouse (22%), rabbit (10%), guinea-pig (4%) and dog (1%). None of the universities sampled had implemented institution-wide virtual learning environments (VLEs), although there were isolated instances of local use of VLEs. There was relatively little current use of technology-based teaching and learning resources, but there was considerable enthusiasm to modernise teaching and to introduce innovative learning and teaching methods. The major perceived barrier to the introduction of replacement alternatives was the lack of versions in local languages. There was a consensus view that developing local language exemplars and evaluating their usefulness was likely to have the greatest impact on animal use, at least in the short-term.

  6. Should systematic risk assessment and immediate intervention of the acutely ill patient replace the traditional management paradigm?

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Kellett, John

    2012-01-01

    The outcome of the traditional diagnostic history and physical depends entirely on the availability, ability and diligence of an individual doctor. An alternative is a team-based approach that performs the following tasks: a focused assessment, monitoring of the response to initial treatment, and then determining what further management is appropriate (calling for urgent help if it is required). This concept is based on risk prediction rather than diagnosis, and is captured by the mnemonic FAITH3 (Focused Assessment, Initial Treatment, hAssessing response, calling for Help and Handing over care).

  7. [Will the new molecular karyotyping BACs-on-Beads technique replace the traditional cytogenetic prenatal diagnostics? Preliminary reports].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Piotrowski, Krzysztof; Henkelman, Małgorzata; Zajaczek, Stanisław

    2012-04-01

    Recently several attempts have been made to introduce molecular karyotyping techniques into prenatal diagnosis. These methods can be used not only for the diagnosis of classical aneuploidies, but first of all they should be employed in the diagnostics of microaberrations, which are not revealed by low resolution methods of classical cytogenetics. The new method BACs-on-Beads is designed for quick detection of broad panel of aneuploidies and microdeletions, by the specified detection of deletions and duplications in the examined fetal DNA acquired from amniocytes. Prenatal diagnostics was performed with the use of BACs-on-Beads and classical amniocyte karyotyping simultaneously in a group of 54 pregnancies. This new method proved to be fully compatible with typical karyotyping in cultures of amniocytes in 98.2%. It was confirmed that the main advantage of this method is the possibility of quick diagnosis, within 48 hours, with much wider spectrum of detected anomalies when compared to classical methods. Contrary to other molecular karyotyping methods, the BACs-on-Beads technique is more economical, less time consuming and less complex equipment is needed than in case of other methods. We suppose that this technique can replace classical karyotyping methods in the near future.

  8. Comparing the Principle-Based SBH Maieutic Method to Traditional Case Study Methods of Teaching Media Ethics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grant, Thomas A.

    2012-01-01

    This quasi-experimental study at a Northwest university compared two methods of teaching media ethics, a class taught with the principle-based SBH Maieutic Method (n = 25) and a class taught with a traditional case study method (n = 27), with a control group (n = 21) that received no ethics training. Following a 16-week intervention, a one-way…

  9. The value of teaching about geomorphology in non-traditional settings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davis, R. Laurence

    2002-10-01

    Academics usually teach about geomorphology in the classroom, where the audience is enthusiastic, but generally small. Less traditional settings offer opportunities to reach a wider audience, one that is equally enthusiastic, given its love of geomorphic features in the National Parks, but one which has little knowledge of the science behind what they are seeing. I have "taught" geomorphology in four non-traditional settings: at a summer camp, a state wildlife refuge, on community field trips, and at meetings for clubs and government boards. This paper discusses my experiences and offers suggestions to others who may wish to follow this less-traveled educational path. As Head of Nature Programs at Camp Pemigewassett in New Hampshire, I have worked, over the last 33 years, with thousands of campers ranging from 8 to 15 years old. Our setting, in a glaciated valley on a small lake, exhibits a wide range of geomorphic features and offers many opportunities for direct learning through field investigations. I have found that even 8-year olds can do real science, if we avoid the jargon. Once "taught" they carry their knowledge about landforms and processes with them and eagerly share it with their friends and family on outings and trips, thus reaching an even wider public. Parks, wildlife refuges, nature preserves, and other similar areas generally have nature trails, often with educational information about the environment. Generally, interpretive signs are prepared by biologists and the content ignores the site's physical features, as well as the connections between ecological communities and the underlying geology and geomorphology. My students and I have addressed this situation at two places in Connecticut, one a state wildlife management area, also used for training teachers to teach Environmental Education, and the other, a town recreation area. We catalogued the geomorphic features, looked at relationships of the community level ecology to those features, and

  10. Students' Perceptions of Teaching in Context-based and Traditional Chemistry Classrooms: Comparing content, learning activities, and interpersonal perspectives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Overman, Michelle; Vermunt, Jan D.; Meijer, Paulien C.; Bulte, Astrid M. W.; Brekelmans, Mieke

    2014-07-01

    Context-based curriculum reforms in chemistry education are thought to bring greater diversity to the ways in which chemistry teachers organize their teaching. First and foremost, students are expected to perceive this diversity. However, empirical research on how students perceive their teacher's teaching in context-based chemistry classrooms, and whether this teaching differs from traditional chemistry lessons, is scarce. This study aims to develop our understanding of what teaching looks like, according to students, in context-based chemistry classrooms compared with traditional chemistry classrooms. As such, it might also provide a better understanding of whether teachers implement and attain the intentions of curriculum developers. To study teacher behaviour we used three theoretical perspectives deemed to be important for student learning: a content perspective, a learning activities perspective, and an interpersonal perspective. Data were collected from 480 students in 24 secondary chemistry classes in the Netherlands. Our findings suggest that, according to the students, the changes in teaching in context-based chemistry classrooms imply a lessening of the emphasis on fundamental chemistry and the use of a teacher-centred approach, compared with traditional chemistry classrooms. However, teachers in context-based chemistry classrooms seem not to display more 'context-based' teaching behaviour, such as emphasizing the relation between chemistry, technology, and society and using a student-centred approach. Furthermore, students in context-based chemistry classrooms perceive their teachers as having less interpersonal control and showing less affiliation than teachers in traditional chemistry classrooms. Our findings should be interpreted in the context of former and daily experiences of both teachers and students. As only chemistry is reformed in the schools in which context-based chemistry is implemented, it is challenging for both students and teachers to

  11. Teaching medical students a clinical approach to altered mental status: simulation enhances traditional curriculum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jeremy D. Sperling

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Simulation-based medical education (SBME is increasingly being utilized for teaching clinical skills in undergraduate medical education. Studies have evaluated the impact of adding SBME to third- and fourth-year curriculum; however, very little research has assessed its efficacy for teaching clinical skills in pre-clerkship coursework. To measure the impact of a simulation exercise during a pre-clinical curriculum, a simulation session was added to a pre-clerkship course at our medical school where the clinical approach to altered mental status (AMS is traditionally taught using a lecture and an interactive case-based session in a small group format. The objective was to measure simulation's impact on students’ knowledge acquisition, comfort, and perceived competence with regards to the AMS patient. Methods: AMS simulation exercises were added to the lecture and small group case sessions in June 2010 and 2011. Simulation sessions consisted of two clinical cases using a high-fidelity full-body simulator followed by a faculty debriefing after each case. Student participation in a simulation session was voluntary. Students who did and did not participate in a simulation session completed a post-test to assess knowledge and a survey to understand comfort and perceived competence in their approach to AMS. Results: A total of 154 students completed the post-test and survey and 65 (42% attended a simulation session. Post-test scores were higher in students who attended a simulation session compared to those who did not (p<0.001. Students who participated in a simulation session were more comfortable in their overall approach to treating AMS patients (p=0.05. They were also more likely to state that they could articulate a differential diagnosis (p=0.03, know what initial diagnostic tests are needed (p=0.01, and understand what interventions are useful in the first few minutes (p=0.003. Students who participated in a simulation session

  12. An examination of the perceived teaching competencies of novice alternatively licensed and traditionally licensed high school science teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shea, Kathleen A.

    In most states, there are two routes to teacher licensure; traditional and alternative. The alternative route provides an accelerated entry into the classroom, often without the individual engaging in education coursework or a practicum. No matter the route, teaching skills continue to be learned by novice teachers while in the classroom with the guidance of a school-based mentor. In this study, the perceptions of mentor teachers of traditionally and alternatively licensed high school science teachers were compared with respect to mentees' science teaching competency. Further, the study explored the novice teachers' self-perception of their teaching competency. A survey, consisting of 56 Likert-type questions, was completed by mentors (N = 79) and novice high school science teachers (N = 83) in six northeastern states. The results revealed a statistically significant difference in the perceptions of the mentors of traditionally and alternatively licensed novice high school science teachers in the areas of general pedagogical knowledge, pedagogical content knowledge and professional growth, with more favorable perceptions recorded by mentors of traditionally licensed science teachers. There were no differences in the perceptions of the mentors with respect to novice high school teachers' content knowledge. There was no statistical difference in the self-perceptions of competency of the novice teachers. While alternative routes to licensure in science may be a necessity, the results of this study indicate that the lack of professional preparation may need to be addressed at the school level through the agency of the mentor. This study indicates that mentors must be prepared to provide alternatively licensed novice teachers with different assistance to that given to traditionally licensed novice teachers. School districts are urged to develop mentoring programs designed to develop the teaching competency of all novice teachers regardless of the route that led them

  13. Why Clinical Experience and Mentoring Are Replacing Student Teaching on the Best Campuses. A White Paper

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fraser, James W.; Watson, Audra M.

    2014-01-01

    Woodrow Wilson Senior Fellow James W. Fraser and Audra Watson, the Foundation's Director of Mentoring and Induction Strategy, take a look at emerging trends in clinical preparation for new teachers. This new white paper is based on experience with the Woodrow Wilson Teaching Fellowships, and includes observations from some of the colleges and…

  14. Teaching reactions and stoichiometry: A comparison of guided inquiry and traditional laboratory activities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meister Thomas, Lynn

    There is a major movement in science education towards the inclusion of science inquiry and process. Guided-inquiry instruction is expected to have a positive impact on students' concrete and conceptual knowledge along with their ability to engage in the practices of science. This study examined the impact of inquiry-based teaching on student achievement. The topics of reactions and stoichiometry were taught in two different periods of first-year secondary honors chemistry. Both classes received the same lectures and assignments for this curriculum and both classes performed the same laboratory activities. However, one class received traditional, step-by-step (often called "cookbook") laboratory instructions while the other class developed their own procedures and made decisions about data to complete the laboratory activities. Pre- and post-tests were given to each class, followed by a test of retention after ten weeks. The results of this study indicate that inquiry-based instruction has a positive impact on student achievement. A significant increase between pre- and post- test scores for the experimental group as opposed to the scores for the control group suggests that achievement was correlated with guided inquiry instruction methods. Additionally, a notable trend suggested that guided inquiry instruction has a positive effect on learning retention.

  15. A Case Study: Are Traditional Face-To-Face Lectures Still Relevant When Teaching Engineering Courses?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    LillAnne Jackson

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available In this rapidly changing age, with virtually all information available on the Internet including courses, students may not find any reason to physically attend the lectures. In spite of the many benefits the online lectures and materials bring to teaching, this drift from the traditional (norm face-to-face lectures is also creating further barriers, such as difficulty in communicating and building personal relationships, between students and instructor. In this paper we carry out a study that presents and analyzes factors that motivate students to attend a (1 face-to-face instruction in-class versus an (2 online class. This study is based on an anonymous and voluntary survey that was conducted in the School of Engineering at University of Victoria, BC, Canada. This paper presents and shares the detailed results and analysis of this survey that also includes some interesting and useful comments from the students. Based on the results, analysis and comments the paper suggests methodologies of how to improve face-to-face in-class instructions to make them more relevant to the current global information age.

  16. A Pilot Study to Investigate the Effectiveness of Multimedia CD-ROM vis-a-vis Traditional Print-Based Technology in Teaching Fourth-Grade Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shana, Zuhrieh A.

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the degree of effectiveness of multimedia technology in teaching in comparison to the traditional print-based teaching methods. Multimedia CD was designed to teach the second semester unit of science and Islamic studies for the fourth graders. The unit's content was the same in the print-based teaching…

  17. Assessment Of Patient Problems Encountered With Total Hip Replacement At Baghdad Teaching Hospitals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Faris Fauze Ahmed

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Total hip replacements conduct highly effective in relieving pain dysfunction for patients who suffer from hip inflammation and a variety of reasons however after several decades of success in hip replacement there was also an increase in cases of fractures after you perform a detailed switch and attributed this The increase in the prevalence of a large fraction of the increase in the number of switch detailed and increasing age and poverty operations. Objectives The study aims toAssess the pre operation physical and psychosocial problems of patients with total hip replacement. To Assess the post operation physical and psychosocial problems of patients with total hip replacement. To find out the relationship between pre post physical and psychosocial problems with age gender duration of illness and type of operation. Design of the study A descriptive design study was carried out in Nursing Home hospital and Ghazi AL-Hariri for specialized surgical hospitals starting from January 13th 2015 to September 1st 2015 The study Sample A non- probability purposive sample of 50 patients undergoing total hip replacement surgery who have several problems before and after surgery. The study Instrument The study instrument was composed of three parts which as socio demographic information was included age group gender marital status level of education occupational economic part two consist of medical information was comprised of 7 items and part three contain physical and psychosocial problems through Hamilton anxiety scale consist of 84 items. Validity and Reliability The content validity of the instrument was established through a panel of 14 experts the reliability of the items was based on the internal consistency of the questionnaire was assessed by calculating Cronbach s Coefficient alpha which as 0.73. Statistical Analysis The researchers used the appropriate statistical methods for data analysis which include the descriptive data

  18. New small molecule inhibitors of histone methyl transferase DOT1L with a nitrile as a non-traditional replacement for heavy halogen atoms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spurr, Sophie S; Bayle, Elliott D; Yu, Wenyu; Li, Fengling; Tempel, Wolfram; Vedadi, Masoud; Schapira, Matthieu; Fish, Paul V

    2016-09-15

    A number of new nucleoside derivatives are disclosed as inhibitors of DOT1L activity. SARs established that DOT1L inhibition could be achieved through incorporation of polar groups and small heterocycles at the 5-position (5, 6, 12) or by the application of alternative nitrogenous bases (18). Based on these results, CN-SAH (19) was identified as a potent and selective inhibitor of DOT1L activity where the polar 5-nitrile group was shown by crystallography to bind in the hydrophobic pocket of DOT1L. In addition, we show that a polar nitrile group can be used as a non-traditional replacement for heavy halogen atoms. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  19. To be or not to be: the importance of attendance in integrated physiology teaching using non-traditional approaches.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gal, Beatriz; Busturia, Ignacio; Garrido, Concepción

    2011-09-14

    There is increasing use of non-traditional methods like problem-based learning, team-working and several other active-learning techniques in Physiology teaching. While several studies have investigated the impact of class attendance on the academic performance in traditional teaching, there is limited information regarding whether the new modalities are especially sensible to this factor. Here, we performed a comparative study between a control group receiving information through traditional methods and an experimental group submitted to new methodologies in Physiology teaching. We found that while mean examination scores were similar in the control and the experimental groups, a different picture emerge when data are organized according to four categorical attendance levels. In the experimental group, scores were not different between the 1st and the 2nd exams (P = 0.429) nor between the 2nd and the 3rd exams (P = 0.225) for students that never or poorly attend classes, in contrast to the control group (P learning using non-traditional methods.

  20. To be or not to be: the importance of attendance in integrated physiology teaching using non-traditional approaches

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Garrido Concepción

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background There is increasing use of non-traditional methods like problem-based learning, team-working and several other active-learning techniques in Physiology teaching. While several studies have investigated the impact of class attendance on the academic performance in traditional teaching, there is limited information regarding whether the new modalities are especially sensible to this factor. Methods Here, we performed a comparative study between a control group receiving information through traditional methods and an experimental group submitted to new methodologies in Physiology teaching. Results We found that while mean examination scores were similar in the control and the experimental groups, a different picture emerge when data are organized according to four categorical attendance levels. In the experimental group, scores were not different between the 1st and the 2nd exams (P = 0.429 nor between the 2nd and the 3rd exams (P = 0.225 for students that never or poorly attend classes, in contrast to the control group (P Conclusion We suggest that class attendance is critical for learning using non-traditional methods.

  1. Incorporating the Traditional Methods and Communicative Approaches in EFL Teaching Why and How

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张青青

    2004-01-01

    How to teach English well is a hot topic for Many EFL(English as a foreign language) teachers. Some teachers wonder what methods should be adopted in their English teaching so asto help their students learn English better. In English teaching history, many methods have been employed, such as Grammar-Translation method, Audio-Lingual Method and

  2. A framework program for the teaching of alternative methods (replacement, reduction, refinement) to animal experimentation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Daneshian, Mardas; Akbarsha, Mohammad A; Blaauboer, Bas; Caloni, Francesca; Cosson, Pierre; Curren, Rodger; Goldberg, Alan; Gruber, Franz; Ohl, Frauke; Pfaller, Walter; van der Valk, Jan; Vinardell, Pilar; Zurlo, Joanne; Hartung, Thomas; Leist, Marcel

    2011-01-01

    Development of improved communication and education strategies is important to make alternatives to the use of animals, and the broad range of applications of the 3Rs concept better known and understood by different audiences. For this purpose, the Center for Alternatives to Animal Testing in Europe (CAAT-Europe) together with the Transatlantic Think Tank for Toxicology (t(4)) hosted a three-day workshop on "Teaching Alternative Methods to Animal Experimentation". A compilation of the recommendations by a group of international specialists in the field is summarized in this report. Initially, the workshop participants identified the different audience groups to be addressed and also the communication media that may be used. The main outcome of the workshop was a framework for a comprehensive educational program. The modular structure of the teaching program presented here allows adaptation to different audiences with their specific needs; different time schedules can be easily accommodated on this basis. The topics cover the 3Rs principle, basic research, toxicological applications, method development and validation, regulatory aspects, case studies and ethical aspects of 3Rs approaches. This expert consortium agreed to generating teaching materials covering all modules and providing them in an open access online repository.

  3. The quest for knowledge transfer efficacy: blended teaching, online and in-class, with consideration of learning typologies for non-traditional and traditional students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Judy Rouse Van Doorn

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The pedagogical paradigm shift in higher education to 24-hour learning environments composed of teaching delivery methods of online courses, blended/hybrid formats, and face-to-face (f2f classes is increasing access to global, lifelong learning. Online degrees have been offered at 62.4% of 2,800 colleges and universities. Students can now design flexible, life-balanced course schedules. Higher knowledge transfer rates may exist with blended course formats with online quizzes and valuable class time set for Socratic, quality discussions and creative team presentations. Research indicates that younger, traditional students exhibit heightened performance goal orientations and prefer entertaining professors who are funny, whereas non-traditional students exhibit mastery profiles and prefer courses taught by flexible, yet organized, professors. A 5-year study found that amongst 51,000 students taking both f2f and online courses, higher online failure rates occurred. Competing life roles for non-traditional students and reading and writing needs for at-risk students suggest that performance may be better if programs are started in f2f courses. Models on effective knowledge transfer consider the planning process, delivery methods, and workplace application, but a gap exists for identifying the diversity of learner needs. Higher education enrollments are being compromised with lower online retention rates. Therefore, the main purpose of this review is to delineate disparate learning styles and present a typology for the learning needs of traditional and non-traditional students. Secondly, psychology as a science may need more rigorous curriculum markers like mapping APA guidelines to knowledge objectives, critical assignments, and student learning outcomes (SLOs (e.g. online rubric assessments for scoring APA style critical thinking essays on selected New York Times books. Efficacious knowledge transfer to diverse, 21st century students should be the

  4. The quest for knowledge transfer efficacy: blended teaching, online and in-class, with consideration of learning typologies for non-traditional and traditional students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Doorn, Judy R; Van Doorn, John D

    2014-01-01

    The pedagogical paradigm shift in higher education to 24-h learning environments composed of teaching delivery methods of online courses, blended/hybrid formats, and face-to-face (f2f) classes is increasing access to global, lifelong learning. Online degrees have been offered at 62.4% of 2800 colleges and universities. Students can now design flexible, life-balanced course schedules. Higher knowledge transfer rates may exist with blended course formats with online quizzes and valuable class time set for Socratic, quality discussions and creative team presentations. Research indicates that younger, traditional students exhibit heightened performance goal orientations and prefer entertaining professors who are funny, whereas non-traditional students exhibit mastery profiles and prefer courses taught by flexible, yet organized, professors. A 5-year study found that amongst 51,000 students taking both f2f and online courses, higher online failure rates occurred. Competing life roles for non-traditional students and reading and writing needs for at-risk students suggest that performance may be better if programs are started in f2f courses. Models on effective knowledge transfer consider the planning process, delivery methods, and workplace application, but a gap exists for identifying the diversity of learner needs. Higher education enrollments are being compromised with lower online retention rates. Therefore, the main purpose of this review is to delineate disparate learning styles and present a typology for the learning needs of traditional and non-traditional students. Secondly, psychology as a science may need more rigorous curriculum markers like mapping APA guidelines to knowledge objectives, critical assignments, and student learning outcomes (SLOs) (e.g., online rubric assessments for scoring APA style critical thinking essays on selected New York Times books). Efficacious knowledge transfer to diverse, 21st century students should be the Academy's focus.

  5. The quest for knowledge transfer efficacy: blended teaching, online and in-class, with consideration of learning typologies for non-traditional and traditional students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Doorn, Judy R.; Van Doorn, John D.

    2014-01-01

    The pedagogical paradigm shift in higher education to 24-h learning environments composed of teaching delivery methods of online courses, blended/hybrid formats, and face-to-face (f2f) classes is increasing access to global, lifelong learning. Online degrees have been offered at 62.4% of 2800 colleges and universities. Students can now design flexible, life-balanced course schedules. Higher knowledge transfer rates may exist with blended course formats with online quizzes and valuable class time set for Socratic, quality discussions and creative team presentations. Research indicates that younger, traditional students exhibit heightened performance goal orientations and prefer entertaining professors who are funny, whereas non-traditional students exhibit mastery profiles and prefer courses taught by flexible, yet organized, professors. A 5-year study found that amongst 51,000 students taking both f2f and online courses, higher online failure rates occurred. Competing life roles for non-traditional students and reading and writing needs for at-risk students suggest that performance may be better if programs are started in f2f courses. Models on effective knowledge transfer consider the planning process, delivery methods, and workplace application, but a gap exists for identifying the diversity of learner needs. Higher education enrollments are being compromised with lower online retention rates. Therefore, the main purpose of this review is to delineate disparate learning styles and present a typology for the learning needs of traditional and non-traditional students. Secondly, psychology as a science may need more rigorous curriculum markers like mapping APA guidelines to knowledge objectives, critical assignments, and student learning outcomes (SLOs) (e.g., online rubric assessments for scoring APA style critical thinking essays on selected New York Times books). Efficacious knowledge transfer to diverse, 21st century students should be the Academy's focus. PMID

  6. The Application of Stereo Anti-eccentrically Teaching Methods in Traditional Chinese Qigong Course

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ai-Dong JI

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To explore the use of stereo anti-eccentrically Chinese qigong teaching mode. Method: To introduce the concrete steps of Qigong teaching methods from Qigong serious consequences,deeviation and the present teaching situation, the goal and significance of stereo anti-eccentrically qigong teaching methods etc. Result: In 2013, 6 classes and 498 students, only 23(4.61%)students appeared discomfort. Within a week the improvement of discomfort students is 16(69.56%),disappearance of discomfort students is 5(21.73%), two weeks later,disappeared discomfort students achieve 100%, have no  emergence of severe deviation, reached the safety of teaching purpose. Conclusion: Stereo anti-eccentrically Qigong teaching method can find the first hint of deviation and correct them in time, can improve the security of teaching. so it is worth spreading.

  7. Nutrient adequacy during weight loss interventions: a randomized study in women comparing the dietary intake in a meal replacement group with a traditional food group

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bovee Vicki

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Safe and effective weight control strategies are needed to stem the current obesity epidemic. The objective of this one-year study was to document and compare the macronutrient and micronutrient levels in the foods chosen by women following two different weight reduction interventions. Methods Ninety-six generally healthy overweight or obese women (ages 25–50 years; BMI 25–35 kg/m2 were randomized into a Traditional Food group (TFG or a Meal Replacement Group (MRG incorporating 1–2 meal replacement drinks or bars per day. Both groups had an energy-restricted goal of 5400 kJ/day. Dietary intake data was obtained using 3-Day Food records kept by the subjects at baseline, 6 months and one-year. For more uniform comparisons between groups, each diet intervention consisted of 18 small group sessions led by the same Registered Dietitian. Results Weight loss for the 73% (n = 70 completing this one-year study was not significantly different between the groups, but was significantly different (p ≤ .05 within each group with a mean (± standard deviation weight loss of -6.1 ± 6.7 kg (TFG, n = 35 vs -5.0 ± 4.9 kg (MRG, n = 35. Both groups had macronutrient (Carbohydrate:Protein:Fat ratios that were within the ranges recommended (50:19:31, TFG vs 55:16:29, MRG. Their reported reduced energy intake was similar (5729 ± 1424 kJ, TFG vs 5993 ± 2016 kJ, MRG. There was an improved dietary intake pattern in both groups as indicated by decreased intake of saturated fat (≤ 10%, cholesterol ( Conclusion In this one-year university-based intervention, both dietitian-led groups successfully lost weight while improving overall dietary adequacy. The group incorporating fortified meal replacements tended to have a more adequate essential nutrient intake compared to the group following a more traditional food group diet. This study supports the need to incorporate fortified foods and/or dietary supplements while following an energy

  8. Nutrient adequacy during weight loss interventions: a randomized study in women comparing the dietary intake in a meal replacement group with a traditional food group

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ashley, Judith M; Herzog, Holly; Clodfelter, Sharon; Bovee, Vicki; Schrage, Jon; Pritsos, Chris

    2007-01-01

    Background Safe and effective weight control strategies are needed to stem the current obesity epidemic. The objective of this one-year study was to document and compare the macronutrient and micronutrient levels in the foods chosen by women following two different weight reduction interventions. Methods Ninety-six generally healthy overweight or obese women (ages 25–50 years; BMI 25–35 kg/m2) were randomized into a Traditional Food group (TFG) or a Meal Replacement Group (MRG) incorporating 1–2 meal replacement drinks or bars per day. Both groups had an energy-restricted goal of 5400 kJ/day. Dietary intake data was obtained using 3-Day Food records kept by the subjects at baseline, 6 months and one-year. For more uniform comparisons between groups, each diet intervention consisted of 18 small group sessions led by the same Registered Dietitian. Results Weight loss for the 73% (n = 70) completing this one-year study was not significantly different between the groups, but was significantly different (p ≤ .05) within each group with a mean (± standard deviation) weight loss of -6.1 ± 6.7 kg (TFG, n = 35) vs -5.0 ± 4.9 kg (MRG, n = 35). Both groups had macronutrient (Carbohydrate:Protein:Fat) ratios that were within the ranges recommended (50:19:31, TFG vs 55:16:29, MRG). Their reported reduced energy intake was similar (5729 ± 1424 kJ, TFG vs 5993 ± 2016 kJ, MRG). There was an improved dietary intake pattern in both groups as indicated by decreased intake of saturated fat (≤ 10%), cholesterol (<200 mg/day), and sodium (< 2400 mg/day), with increased total servings/day of fruits and vegetables (4.0 ± 2.2, TFG vs 4.6 ± 3.2, MRG). However, the TFG had a significantly lower dietary intake of several vitamins and minerals compared to the MRG and was at greater risk for inadequate intake. Conclusion In this one-year university-based intervention, both dietitian-led groups successfully lost weight while improving overall dietary adequacy. The group

  9. Teaching Reform of Experimental Analysis of Traditional Chinese Medicine%中药分析实验教学改革

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王磊; 严方; 汪丽霞; 宋瑞; 狄斌

    2014-01-01

    根据中药分析的学科发展和药学人才培养的趋势,结合该课程自身的特点,对中药分析实验教学内容、教学模式和考核方式进行改革,对培养学生的创新能力起到一定作用。%According to the trend of the Analysis of Traditional Chinese Medicine development and pharmaceutical talents training,and combining with the course of its own characteristics ,the teaching contents,models and assess-ment of the Experimental Analysis of Traditional Chinese Medicinewere reformed and practiced .The new innovative teaching method plays a role in improving the innovation ability of students.

  10. Between national tradition and bilateral dialogue: Teaching the First World War in France and Germany to build lasting peace

    OpenAIRE

    Maguelone Nouvel-Kirschleger; Steffn Sammler

    2016-01-01

    The communication examines the representations of war and peace making processes in French and German textbooks since 1945. It analyses continuity and change in the choice of themes and their textual and iconographic representations at the example of the First World War. It tries to determine the weight of transnational bi- and European co-operation in the “teaching about war” with the objective of peace education in comparing them with persisting national traditions of politics of remembranc...

  11. How do Millennial Engineering and Technology Students Experience Learning Through Traditional Teaching Methods Employed in the University Setting?

    OpenAIRE

    Howard, Elizabeth A

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to document and analyze how Millennial engineering and technology students experience learning in large lecture classrooms. To help achieve this purpose, perceptions Millennials have toward traditional teaching methods employed in large lecture classes were analyzed and discussed. Additionally, this study documented how Millennials experienced technology within large lecture classrooms. A learning model depicting how Millennials experience learning within the larg...

  12. Teaching Appropriate Play to Replace Stereotypy Using a Treatment Package with Students Having Autism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jeremy H. Greenberg

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Students with special education needs such as autism tend to have difficulty with appropriate play skills and leisure time skills. A lack of play may lead to inappropriate behaviors such as stereotypy or passivity. When students have a limited community of reinforcers it may be difficult for educators to find motivators that can be used to teach language, social, academics, and other skills. The present study tested a treatment package in a small group format on the on task painting behavior and stereotypy of four boys between 5 and 12 years old having autism. Using a delayed multiple baseline across students experimental design, a functional relationship was demonstrated between an observed increase in on task painting behavior and decrease in stereotypy of all four students as a function of their participation. Limitations of the present study were also discussed.

  13. Is Traditional Teaching Really All that Bad? A Within-Student Between-Subject Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schwerdt, Guido; Wuppermann, Amelie C.

    2011-01-01

    Recent studies conclude that teachers are important for student learning but it remains uncertain what actually determines effective teaching. This study directly peers into the black box of educational production by investigating the relationship between lecture style teaching and student achievement. Based on matched student-teacher data for the…

  14. The Effectiveness of Active and Traditional Teaching Techniques in the Orthopedic Assessment Laboratory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nottingham, Sara; Verscheure, Susan

    2010-01-01

    Active learning is a teaching methodology with a focus on student-centered learning that engages students in the educational process. This study implemented active learning techniques in an orthopedic assessment laboratory, and the effects of these teaching techniques. Mean scores from written exams, practical exams, and final course evaluations…

  15. The Effectiveness of Active and Traditional Teaching Techniques in the Orthopedic Assessment Laboratory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nottingham, Sara; Verscheure, Susan

    2010-01-01

    Active learning is a teaching methodology with a focus on student-centered learning that engages students in the educational process. This study implemented active learning techniques in an orthopedic assessment laboratory, and the effects of these teaching techniques. Mean scores from written exams, practical exams, and final course evaluations…

  16. Supporting New Academics' Use of Student Centred Strategies in Traditional University Teaching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Plush, Sally E.; Kehrwald, Benjamin A.

    2014-01-01

    Despite the perceived advantages of student centred learning (SCL) in higher education, novice teaching academics' attempts to implement such approaches may be thwarted by a lack of experience with teaching in general and with SCL in particular, difficulties locating suitable practical advice on SCL, and the demands of early career academic…

  17. Time-driven activity based costing of total knee replacement surgery at a London teaching hospital.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Alvin; Sabharwal, Sanjeeve; Akhtar, Kashif; Makaram, Navnit; Gupte, Chinmay M

    2015-12-01

    The aim of this study was to conduct a time-driven activity based costing (TDABC) analysis of the clinical pathway for total knee replacement (TKR) and to determine where the major cost drivers lay. The in-patient pathway was prospectively mapped utilising a TDABC model, following 20 TKRs. The mean age for these patients was 73.4 years. All patients were ASA grade I or II and their mean BMI was 30.4. The 14 varus knees had a mean deformity of 5.32° and the six valgus knee had a mean deformity of 10.83°. Timings were prospectively collected as each patient was followed through the TKR pathway. Pre-operative costs including pre-assessment and joint school were £ 163. Total staff costs for admission and the operating theatre were £ 658. Consumables cost for the operating theatre were £ 1862. The average length of stay was 5.25 days at a total cost of £ 910. Trust overheads contributed £ 1651. The overall institutional cost of a 'noncomplex' TKR in patients without substantial medical co-morbidities was estimated to be £ 5422, representing a profit of £ 1065 based on a best practice tariff of £ 6487. The major cost drivers in the TKR pathway were determined to be theatre consumables, corporate overheads, overall ward cost and operating theatre staffing costs. Appropriate discounting of implant costs, reduction in length of stay by adopting an enhanced recovery programme and control of corporate overheads through the use of elective orthopaedic treatment centres are proposed approaches for reducing the overall cost of treatment. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  18. Comparison of Teaching Attitudes, Teacher Efficacy, and Teacher Performance of First Year Teachers Prepared by Alternative and Traditional Teacher Education Programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guyton, Edith; And Others

    1991-01-01

    The findings from this study of Georgia teachers generally support the contention that condensed pedagogical preparation and a supervised internship are a reasonable alternative to traditional teacher preparation programs for persons with degrees in the subject they will teach. (IAH)

  19. Comparison of Teaching Attitudes, Teacher Efficacy, and Teacher Performance of First Year Teachers Prepared by Alternative and Traditional Teacher Education Programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guyton, Edith; And Others

    1991-01-01

    The findings from this study of Georgia teachers generally support the contention that condensed pedagogical preparation and a supervised internship are a reasonable alternative to traditional teacher preparation programs for persons with degrees in the subject they will teach. (IAH)

  20. Traditional vs. Modern Approaches in Business English Teaching in the Economic Field

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    This paper aims to examine different techniques and approaches used in teaching and learning business English in the economic field. Besides applying the already well-known methods used in second language acquisition, we also tried to incorporate computer-mediated communication into the communicative approach. At all times, the choice of the methods and approaches used in teaching business English has focused on our students' needs in their vocation or job. We worked with two groups of studen...

  1. Comparing Cell Phone-Based and Traditional Lecture-Based Teaching Methods' Effects on Agricultural Students' Learning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdolhamid Papzan

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Regarding the increased speed of creating new knowledge and the development of communication technologies, like cell phone, which makes it possible the access to various unlimited resources and data in an unlimited time and place, and regarding many positive aspects of applying it in schools and the necessity of adjusting with changes and the correct use of this new technology, the present research was conducted to examine the effect of teaching via cell phone on students learning in Khooshehaye Zarin agricultural school in Rawansar, Kermanshah province, and comparing it with traditional lecture method. In a semi-experimental research method, 30 male students were selected through random sampling method as the research sample, divided into two paired groups, 15 for experimental group and 15 for control group, based on age, educational status, previous grade point average and family economical status. Data collection tool was a 10 item test based on behavioral objectives. The experimental group was taught in two sessions of two hours through cell phone, and the control group was taught the same topic through traditional lecture method in exactly the same amount of time. Post–test was performed on two groups through the above-mentioned 10 item test and the results were analyzed through t test method. The results showed that teaching via cell phone has more effects on students learning compared with traditional lecture method.

  2. Two Traditions in Economics: Implications for Teaching U.S. and World History.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Helburn, Suzanne

    This paper discusses the neoclassical and the Marxist traditions in economics and the current treatment of capitalist development in history textbooks. Beginning with an overview of the classical economists, Adam Smith, Thomas Malthus, and David Ricardo, the two traditions in economics are then discussed in terms of: (1) scope and focus of…

  3. Effects of Non-Traditional Teaching on Retention among Predominantly Hispanic Engineering Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peper, John; And Others

    This study examined the effects of non-traditional instructional methods on student learning in an engineering course at the University of Texas at El Paso. The summer 1993 material selection course enrolled 33 students, the majority of whom were Hispanic Americans. Instead of the traditional lecture method, the course employed student project…

  4. The Effect of a Student-Centered Teaching Method of Teaching Drama Versus a Traditional Method of Teaching Drama as a Literary Form in the Acquisition of Cognitive Information by Community College Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ciaburri, Dino F., Sr.

    Two methods of teaching drama as a literary form in an Introduction to Literature course were compared. Eighty-seven first-year students, 28 males and 59 females, were non-randomly assigned to four classes, two of which were taught in the traditional lecture-discussion manner while the remaining two utilized a method combining lecture-discussion…

  5. Between national tradition and bilateral dialogue: Teaching the First World War in France and Germany to build lasting peace

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maguelone Nouvel-Kirschleger

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The communication examines the representations of war and peace making processes in French and German textbooks since 1945. It analyses continuity and change in the choice of themes and their textual and iconographic representations at the example of the First World War. It tries to determine the weight of transnational bi- and European co-operation in the “teaching about war” with the objective of peace education in comparing them with persisting national traditions of politics of remembrance, historiography and history didactics.

  6. Preferences for teaching methods in a baccalaureate nursing program: how second-degree and traditional students differ.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walker, Jean T; Martin, Tina M; Haynie, Lisa; Norwood, Anne; White, Jill; Grant, LaVerne

    2007-01-01

    Accelerated baccalaureate nursing programs are in great demand in the United States. Currently there are 197 such programs, but little research has been conducted on student characteristics and program outcomes. This quantitative study explores preferences of second-degree students and traditional generic students with regard to teaching methods and relationships with faculty. The results indicate that statistically significant differences exist between the two groups of students. Three areas of significance are ability for self-directed learning, expectations of faculty and classroom structure, and obtaining a grade that really matters.

  7. DESIGNING INSTRUCTION FOR THE TRADITIONAL, ADULT, AND DISTANCE LEARNER: A New Engine for Technology-Based Teaching

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lawrence A. Tomei

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Adult students demand a wider variety of instructional strategies that encompass real-world, interactive, cooperative, and discovery learning experiences.Designing Instruction for the Traditional, Adult, and Distance Learner: A New Engine for Technology-Based Teaching explores how technology impacts the process of devising instructional plans as well as learning itself in adult students. Containing research from leading international experts, this publication proposes realistic and accurate archetypes to assist educators in incorporating state-of-the-art technologies into online instruction.This text proposes a new paradigm for designing, developing, implementing, and assessed technology-based instruction. It addresses three target populations of today's learner: traditional, adult, and distance education. The text proposes a new model of instructional system design (ISD for developing effective technology-based education that involves a five-step process focusing on the learner, learning theories, resources, delivery modalities, and outcomes.

  8. Low Vision Rehabilitation: A Comparison of Traditional and Extended Teaching Programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scanlan, Judith M.; Cuddeford, Joan E.

    2004-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to determine the outcomes of a low vision service that made use of an extended period of education when assisting clients with age-related macular degeneration to use low vision devices. Extended teaching time made a significant difference to the experimental group, not only in the ability to read, but in their overall…

  9. Sustainability: Teaching an Interdisciplinary Threshold Concept through Traditional Lecture and Active Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Levintova, Ekaterina M.; Mueller, Daniel W.

    2015-01-01

    One of the difficulties in teaching global sustainability in the introductory political science classes is the different emphases placed on this concept and the absence of the consensus on where the overall balance between environmental protection, economic development, and social justice should reside. Like many fuzzy concepts with which students…

  10. Reconciling Communicative Approaches to the Teaching of English with Traditional Chinese Methods.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rao, Zhenhui

    1996-01-01

    Provides cultural information that may be useful for researchers and American English teachers of Chinese-born students. Reviews pedagogical approaches used by native Chinese-speaking teachers of English in an educational environment grounded in Confucian precepts for teaching and learning and suggests that many of the difficulties Chinese…

  11. Computers and Traditional Teaching Practices: Factors Influencing Middle Level Students' Science Achievement and Attitudes about Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Odom, Arthur Louis; Marszalek, Jacob M.; Stoddard, Elizabeth R.; Wrobel, Jerzy M.

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the association of middle school student science achievement and attitudes toward science with student-reported frequency of using computers to learn science and other classroom practices. Baseline comparison data were collected on the frequency of student-centred teaching practices (e.g. the use of group…

  12. Computers and Traditional Teaching Practices: Factors Influencing Middle Level Students' Science Achievement and Attitudes about Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Odom, Arthur Louis; Marszalek, Jacob M.; Stoddard, Elizabeth R.; Wrobel, Jerzy M.

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the association of middle school student science achievement and attitudes toward science with student-reported frequency of using computers to learn science and other classroom practices. Baseline comparison data were collected on the frequency of student-centred teaching practices (e.g. the use of group…

  13. A comparative study teaching chemistry using the 5E learning cycle and traditional teaching with a large English language population in a middle-school setting

    Science.gov (United States)

    McWright, Cynthia Nicole

    For decades science educators and educational institutions have been concerned with the status of science content being taught in K-12 schools and the delivery of the content. Thus, educational reformers in the United States continue to strive to solve the problem on how to best teach science for optimal success in learning. The constructivist movement has been at the forefront of this effort. With mandatory testing nationwide and an increase in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) jobs with little workforce to fulfill these needs, the question of what to teach and how to teach science remains a concern among educators and all stakeholders. The purpose of this research was to determine if students' chemistry knowledge and interest can be increased by using the 5E learning cycle in a middle school with a high population of English language learners. The participants were eighth-grade middle school students in a large metropolitan area. Students participated in a month-long chemistry unit. The study was a quantitative, quasi-experimental design with a control group using a traditional lecture-style teaching strategy and an experimental group using the 5E learning cycle. Students completed a pre-and post-student attitude in science surveys, a pretest/posttest for each mini-unit taught and completed daily exit tickets using the Expert Science Teaching Educational Evaluation Model (ESTEEM) instrument to measure daily student outcomes in main idea, student inquiry, and relevancy. Analysis of the data showed that there was no statistical difference between the two groups overall, and all students experienced a gain in content knowledge overall. All students demonstrated a statistically significant difference in their interest in science class, activities in science class, and outside of school. Data also showed that scores in writing the main idea and writing inquiry questions about the content increased over time.

  14. COMPARISON OF THE TRADITIONAL CHALK AND BOARD LECTURE SYSTEM VERSUS POWER POINT PRESENTATION AS A TEACHING TECHNIQUE FOR TEACHING GROSS ANATOMY TO THE FIRST PROFESSIONAL MEDICAL STUDENTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nusrat

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Traditionally and conventionally, gross anatomy is taught by lectures and cadaveric dissection and the lectures are taken with chalk and board (C&B or chalk and talk method in, India. But there is always a debate over the most effective method of lecture delivery. AIM : The aim of this study was to compare the role and effectiveness chalk and board method versus power point presentation ( S tudent’s perception as a lecture delivering method for teaching gross anatomy. METHODS: This was a questionnaire based study where 140 out of 150 first professional MBBS students of Medical College Jammu, were asked to fill anonymously a questionnaire about their perceptions of these two lecture delivery methods. The results were analyzed to see if there was any preference of students for any particular method. RESULTS: The majority of the medical students (90.7% preferred PPT presentations, while only 9.3% of students preferred the lectures using chalkboard method. CONCLUSION: Most of the students clearly preferred and accepted the use of PPT presentations, as compared to conventional board teaching for delivery method. So teaching gross anatomy should be carefully amalgamated with use of power point in lecture hall.

  15. A Follow-up Study of Two Methods of Teaching Mathematics: Traditional versus New Math

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walton, Gene A.; And Others

    1977-01-01

    When high school mathematics grades and test scores were analyzed, findings showed that high- and middle-ability students who had a modern mathematics course in the seventh grade received significantly higher grades in Algebra I, II, III, and Geometry than did students who had a traditional seventh grade mathematics course. (DT)

  16. The Effectiveness of Teaching Traditional Grammar on Writing Composition at the High School Level

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jaeger, Gina

    2011-01-01

    Traditional grammar instruction is a challenging element of the English curriculum; both students and teachers struggle with the rules and dull nature of grammar. However, understanding grammar is important because students need to understand the language they speak in order to be effective communicators, and teachers provide grammar instruction…

  17. Blending online techniques with traditional face to face teaching methods to deliver final year undergraduate radiology learning content.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Howlett, David; Vincent, Tim; Watson, Gillian; Owens, Emma; Webb, Richard; Gainsborough, Nicola; Fairclough, Jil; Taylor, Nick; Miles, Ken; Cohen, Jon; Vincent, Richard

    2011-06-01

    To review the initial experience of blending a variety of online educational techniques with traditional face to face or contact-based teaching methods to deliver final year undergraduate radiology content at a UK Medical School. The Brighton and Sussex Medical School opened in 2003 and offers a 5-year undergraduate programme, with the final 5 spent in several regional centres. Year 5 involves several core clinical specialities with onsite radiology teaching provided at regional centres in the form of small-group tutorials, imaging seminars and also a one-day course. An online educational module was introduced in 2007 to facilitate equitable delivery of the year 5 curriculum between the regional centres and to support students on placement. This module had a strong radiological emphasis, with a combination of imaging integrated into clinical cases to reflect everyday practice and also dedicated radiology cases. For the second cohort of year 5 students in 2008 two additional online media-rich initiatives were introduced, to complement the online module, comprising imaging tutorials and an online case discussion room. In the first year for the 2007/2008 cohort, 490 cases were written, edited and delivered via the Medical School managed learning environment as part of the online module. 253 cases contained a form of image media, of which 195 cases had a radiological component with a total of 325 radiology images. Important aspects of radiology practice (e.g. consent, patient safety, contrast toxicity, ionising radiation) were also covered. There were 274,000 student hits on cases the first year, with students completing a mean of 169 cases each. High levels of student satisfaction were recorded in relation to the online module and also additional online radiology teaching initiatives. Online educational techniques can be effectively blended with other forms of teaching to allow successful undergraduate delivery of radiology. Efficient IT links and good image quality

  18. Blending online techniques with traditional face to face teaching methods to deliver final year undergraduate radiology learning content

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Howlett, David, E-mail: david.howlett@esht.nhs.uk [Department of Radiology, Eastbourne District General Hospital, Kings Drive, Eastbourne, East Sussex BN21 2UD (United Kingdom); Vincent, Tim [Department of IT, Brighton and Sussex Medical School (BSMS) (United Kingdom); Watson, Gillian; Owens, Emma [Department of Radiology, Eastbourne District General Hospital, Kings Drive, Eastbourne, East Sussex BN21 2UD (United Kingdom); Webb, Richard; Gainsborough, Nicola [Department of Medicine, Royal Sussex County Hospital, Brighton (United Kingdom); Fairclough, Jil [Department of IT, Brighton and Sussex Medical School (BSMS) (United Kingdom); Taylor, Nick [Department of Medical Illustration, Eastbourne District General Hospital (United Kingdom); Miles, Ken [Department of Imaging, BSMS (United Kingdom); Cohen, Jon [Department of Infectious Diseases, BSMS (United Kingdom); Vincent, Richard [Department of Cardiology, BSMS (United Kingdom)

    2011-06-15

    Aim: To review the initial experience of blending a variety of online educational techniques with traditional face to face or contact-based teaching methods to deliver final year undergraduate radiology content at a UK Medical School. Materials and methods: The Brighton and Sussex Medical School opened in 2003 and offers a 5-year undergraduate programme, with the final 5 spent in several regional centres. Year 5 involves several core clinical specialities with onsite radiology teaching provided at regional centres in the form of small-group tutorials, imaging seminars and also a one-day course. An online educational module was introduced in 2007 to facilitate equitable delivery of the year 5 curriculum between the regional centres and to support students on placement. This module had a strong radiological emphasis, with a combination of imaging integrated into clinical cases to reflect everyday practice and also dedicated radiology cases. For the second cohort of year 5 students in 2008 two additional online media-rich initiatives were introduced, to complement the online module, comprising imaging tutorials and an online case discussion room. Results: In the first year for the 2007/2008 cohort, 490 cases were written, edited and delivered via the Medical School managed learning environment as part of the online module. 253 cases contained a form of image media, of which 195 cases had a radiological component with a total of 325 radiology images. Important aspects of radiology practice (e.g. consent, patient safety, contrast toxicity, ionising radiation) were also covered. There were 274,000 student hits on cases the first year, with students completing a mean of 169 cases each. High levels of student satisfaction were recorded in relation to the online module and also additional online radiology teaching initiatives. Conclusion: Online educational techniques can be effectively blended with other forms of teaching to allow successful undergraduate delivery of

  19. Teaching histology to first-year veterinary science students using virtual microscopy and traditional microscopy: a comparison of student responses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mills, Paul C; Bradley, Andrew P; Woodall, Peter F; Wildermoth, Michael

    2007-01-01

    Virtual microscopy (VM) is a comparatively recent innovation that is revolutionizing both the teaching of microscopic structure in human medicine and the concept of online diagnosis and telemedicine. The interactivity of the various commercially available browsers attempts to simulate the experience of looking down a microscope while offering advantages over traditional microscopy that include clarity of image, reduced infrastructure, and high flexibility, as the images are accessible online. We developed our own VM system, including customized software and a browser that was simple and intuitive to use, with the added advantage of further modifications possible to assist student learning. In this article, we report on a preliminary study wherein VM was introduced to veterinary science students in one course and directly compared to traditional microscopy to determine whether students would readily accept this new technology and which aspects of VM were advantageous. Responses from a survey form showed that students rated VM significantly higher than traditional microscopy as a tool to learn histology because it offers clearer images, the ability to learn collaboratively, more effective use of time, and the flexibility of online learning. Students also indicated a strong preference for the use of VM in future courses. These results suggest that VM is a flexible and enjoyable resource that could be useful to enhance the learning of microscopic structure in veterinary science courses.

  20. Teaching Music in the Reformed/Calvinist Tradition: Sphere Sovereignty and the Arts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John MacInnis

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available This article shares objectives, teaching methods, and sources of inspiration as I lead 21st-century students in engaging a Reformed/Calvinistic vision for the arts generally, and music specifically. Special explanation is made of Calvinistic concepts such as sphere sovereignty and sensus divinitatis. To conclude, I discuss aspects of a recent composition titled The God of Material Things by Jonathan Posthuma, a graduate of our college music program, whose work exemplifies many of the elements that my colleagues and I hope distinguish the accomplishments of music students beyond their education at Dordt College.

  1. The Continuous Challenge in teaching Engineering to Studentsfrom a Society with no Tradition for Higher Education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Hans Peter

    2014-01-01

    The engineering programme in Arctic Technology from the Technical University of Denmark enrols students from Greenland and Denmark. Since the Greenlandic students underperformed and had a high drop-out rate, several initiatives have been initiated to help the weak Greenlandic students. The results...... are analysed, and it is clear that even though the initiatives have proved popular, they have not fundamentally solved the problems in giving a higher education to young people from a society with a weak tradition for education....

  2. The preliminary conceptions, the traditional resources and digital technologies in teaching of astronomy

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Macedo, J. A.; Voelzke, M. R.

    2014-07-01

    Despite being part of the official documents astronomy is rarely taught adequately in basic education. Digital technologies are commonly used by youth, but neglected by the majority of teachers. In this sense, a survey with the aim of pointing out the potential use of digital technologies in teaching astronomy was developed. An advanced course in astronomy was offered for participants with the goal to make them understand astronomical phenomena. The following steps were to be taken: i) analysis of the pedagogical projects (PPC) of the licenciates at the Federal Institution of the North of Minas Gerais (IFNMG); ii) analysis of students' preconceptions about astronomy and digital technologies; iii) preparation of the course; iv) application of the education proposal. The test consisted of thirty-two students of physics, mathematics and biology and was conducted with the qualitative and quantitative methodology, combined with a content analysis. The results indicated that in the IFNMG only the licenciate-course in physics includes astronomy content diluted in various subjects of the curriculum; the rates of students' prior knowledge in relation to astronomy was low; an evidence of meaningfull earning of the concepts related to astronomy, and of viability of resource use involving digital technologies in the Teaching of astronomy.

  3. The Leadership Role in Transitioning an Urban Secondary School from a Traditional Service Delivery Model to a Co-Teaching Service Delivery Model for Students with Disabilities: A Phenomenological Case Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    McDonald, Ginni E.

    2013-01-01

    This research studies the leadership role in transitioning from a traditional service delivery model to a co-teaching service delivery model for students with disabilities. While there is an abundant amount of information on the service delivery model of co-teaching, sustaining co-teaching programs, and effective co-teaching programs for students…

  4. The Reform of Teaching Content and Teaching Method for Replacing Training with Competition%以赛带训的教学内容和教学方法改革

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑红

    2012-01-01

    Combined with the training objective of higher vocational education,this paper makes the exploration of theory and practice on the mode of replacing training with competition form the following aspects,including the revision of professional teaching standard,the construction of curriculum system,the reform of teaching method,the perfect of practical training condition and the increase of teachers' professional skills.This paper discusses the thought of the reform of teaching content and teaching method in higher vocational teaching under the mode of replacing training with competition,and summarizes the experience accumulated in practice.%结合高职教育培养目标,分别从专业教学标准修订、课程体系建设、教学方法改革、实训条件完善、教师专业技能提高等方面对以赛带训教学模式进行了理论与实践探索。理清了以赛带训教学模式下高职教学中教学内容和教学方法改革的思路,并总结了实践中积累的经验。

  5. Effect of synergetic implementation of inquiry activities across three subjects in comparison to more traditional approach to teaching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balogová, Brigita; Ješková, Zuzana; Hančová, Martina; Kireš, Marián

    2017-01-01

    Science education standards for grammar schools (ISCED 3) urge more emphasis on students' investigations in order to develop understanding but also scientific process skills (inquiry skills). It is true for not only science, but also mathematics and informatics. This approach is promoted to increase scientific literacy and inquiry skills development, however, there has not been many studies carried out in Slovakia to show the effect on students' achievements. In cooperation with Institutes of mathematics and informatics there was a research designed in order to study the effect of synergetic implementation of inquiry activities across the three subjects of physics, mathematics and informatics. The effect was identified with the help of inquiry skills' test and results were compared to those achieved by students subjected to more traditional teaching. In the contribution there are results of the study analyzed and discussed in details.

  6. Evaluation of traditional classroom teaching methods versus course delivery via the World Wide Web.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ryan, M; Carlton, K H; Ali, N S

    1999-09-01

    Higher education is moving with deliberate speed to an electronic classroom. Much has been published on faculty experiences with World Wide Web (WWW) course delivery. However, little research exists on the evaluation of these methods. The purpose of this study was to evaluate students' perceptions of two approaches to teaching: classroom and WWW modules. Classroom methods were rated significantly higher in relation to content, interaction, participation, faculty preparation, and communication. Technical skills were rated higher for WWW modules. Critical thinking and time allotted for assignments were not significantly different between classroom and WWW instruction. Open-ended comments were rich and supported both positive and negative aspects of classroom and WWW-based modules. Implications call for creativity in course development, course redesign and orientation, active communication with students, support for technical problems, faculty development, and university-wide planning through partnerships.

  7. [The construction of collective portfolios in traditional curriculums: an innovative approach in teaching-learning].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cotta, Rosângela Minardi Mitre; Silva, Luciana Saraiva da; Lopes, Lílian Lelis; Gomes, Karine de Oliveira; Cotta, Fernanda Mitre; Lugarinho, Regina; Mitre, Sandra Minardi

    2012-03-01

    Education to promote health has traditionally been based on knowledge transmission methodologies. However, the current scenario calls for the training of professionals with a critical-reflective profile, who are able to work in teams. We present the report of an innovative experience using the construction of collective portfolios as instruments of learning, changing attitudes and training of undergraduates, in a traditional subject-based curriculum structure context. It is a descriptive exploratory study, with a qualitative-quantitative approach, based on analysis of collective portfolios (n=9), built by Health Policy students, together with an open questionnaire to students who attended the course (n=58) and also the staging of focus groups (n=3). The use of collective portfolios mobilized students in critical and reflective thinking on Brazilian health policy - the Unified Health System - broadening the concept on the health-disease process and practices related to health services, prioritizing teamwork and the active search for knowledge building, stressing the exercise of otherness, resilience and empowerment.

  8. Understanding language awareness in the first language teaching in Slovenia as a “traditional monocultural“ society

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vogel Jerca

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available In the didactics of the Slovenian language as the first language the term language awareness is related primarily to the identity function of standard language as the most important element of the national and cultural awareness, while the conception of language awareness, based on the functional linguistics, has been put forward only in the last decade. Therefore, the main issue is how to understand language and linguistic cultural awareness in a society which is traditionally considered “culturally monolithic”, and how they should be dealt with in the first language teaching. In attempt to find the answer, first main features of both the language and linguistic cultural awareness are presented: their levels, components and emphasized language functions. It is evident that a person’s linguistic activity and his/her linguistic identification are inseparable. Because of this, the development of language and cultural awareness in the context of two models of first language teaching is discussed later on. In the model aimed at the development of functional communicative competence they are developed optionally and unrelated to each other. Only the model which aims at critical communicative competence allows developing them closely related to each other and to critical thinking.

  9. Exporting simulation technology to the Philippines: a comparative study of traditional versus simulation methods for teaching intravenous cannulation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sotto, Juan Alejandro R; Ayuste, Eduardo C; Bowyer, Mark W; Almonte, Josefina R; Dofitas, Rodney B; Lapitan, Marie C M; Pimentel, Elisabeth A; Ritter, E Matthew; Wherry, David C

    2009-01-01

    This study examines effectiveness of a donated Laerdal Virtual I.V. simulator when compared with traditional methods of teaching intravenous (IV) cannulation to third year medical students in the Philippines. Forty novice Filipino medical students viewed an instructional video on how to start intravenous lines and were then randomly divided into two groups of twenty. The "Traditional" group observed an IV insertion on an actual patient performed by an experienced practitioner, and then subsequently performed an IV on an actual patient which was videotaped. The "Simulation" group practiced the Virtual I.V. simulator until they successfully completed level three using the "doctor" setting. These students then performed an IV on an actual patient which was videotaped. The videotapes for both groups were reviewed by two pre-trained (Inter-rater reliability of > or =0.84) observers who were blinded to the group using a previously validated checklist for IV insertion. Students trained on the Virtual I.V. showed significantly greater success in successfully starting an IV on an actual patient (40% VS. 15%, p<0.05), decreased constrictive band time (p<.05), increased raw score on the check list (p<.03), and decreased overall time to start an IV (p<.05). The technology was well received but wider application in the non western world is limited by lack of in country company support and the relative expense.

  10. A Hybrid Integrated Laboratory and Inquiry-Based Research Experience: Replacing Traditional Laboratory Instruction with a Sustainable Student-Led Research Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hartings, Matthew R.; Fox, Douglas M.; Miller, Abigail E.; Muratore, Kathryn E.

    2015-01-01

    The Department of Chemistry at American University has replaced its junior- and senior-level laboratory curriculum with two, two-semester long, student-led research projects as part of the department's American Chemical Society-accredited program. In the first semester of each sequence, a faculty instructor leads the students through a set of…

  11. Participation Motives of French in Greek Traditional Dance Teaching Seminars Organised in France

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Filippos Filippou

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to investigate the reasons which drive French people to participate in taught seminars of Greek traditional dancing which are organized in France as well as to examine the demographic characteristics as differentiation factors of the attendance motives. For the collection of the study data the “Participation Motivation Questionnaire” by Gill, Gross & Huddleston was used after having been adapted to the particular needs of the study. In the study took part 215 individuals (n=215, m=16, f=191. A Factor and Reliability analysis, a frequency analysis, One–Way ANOVA, Man Whitney U test and elements of descriptive statistics were used for the analysis of the data. The improvement of the dancing dexterities, boredom rejection as well as relaxation from the daily routine, the acquisition of new experiences and practice are the most significant attendance motives in the relative seminars. Age and educational level of the sample do not constitute differential factors of the attendance motives. Men participate in a greater degree than women so as to get in touch with the Greek culture through dancing. Finally, individuals with many years of attendance are interested in improving their dancing level in a greater degree than individuals with few years of attendance. To sum up, we can infer that only gender and participation time are factors partly differentiating the motives of attendance.

  12. The Effects of Brain Gym® Activities and Traditional Teaching Strategies on Students' Performance in Comprehension in a 4th Grade Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kariuki, Patrick N.; Kent, Holly D.

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the difference between students' scores in comprehension (English Language Arts) tests when they are led in Brain Gym® activities before class instruction and when they are taught using traditional teaching strategies. The sample for this study consisted of 11 males and 9 females. Data were collected by…

  13. The Effects of Total Physical Response by Storytelling and the Traditional Teaching Styles of a Foreign Language in a Selected High School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kariuki, Patrick N. K.; Bush, Elizabeth Danielle

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of Total Physical Response by Storytelling and the traditional teaching method on a foreign language in a selected high school. The sample consisted of 30 students who were randomly selected and randomly assigned to experimental and control group. The experimental group was taught using Total…

  14. The Interest Teaching Combined with CAI in the Teaching of Anatomy in the College of Traditional Chinese Medicine%兴趣教学与CAI结合在中医院校解剖教学中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龚圆渊; 张力华

    2014-01-01

    Anatomy for special subject has the certain dif iculty in the process of teaching and learning, combining the interest teaching and multimedia assisted teaching method, teachers according to their teaching contents reasonably design and use the courseware, and the traditional teaching interaction with the students, awareness and understanding of the structure of the human body, to reasonably combined with the traditional teaching method, learn from each other to become ef ective means to optimize the classroom teaching and improve teaching quality. To stimulate students interest in learning, students' autonomous learning, to improve the quality of teaching, to achieve the goal of teaching.%解剖学因学科特殊性在教与学的过程中有一定难度,将兴趣教学与多媒体辅助教学法相结合,教师根据自己所教的内容合理地设计和使用课件,并将传统教学与之交互使用,利于学生认识和理解人体结构,要合理地将其与传统教学法相结合,取长补短使之成为优化课堂教学和提高教学质量的有效手段。激发学生学习兴趣,引导学生自主学习,才能提高教学质量,实现教学目标。

  15. 浅析慕课对大学英语传统教学的影响%The influence of MOOC on the traditional college English teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苏雪莲

    2015-01-01

    慕课(MOOC)以大规模、开放课程、网络教学为特点,是由主讲教师负责的,支持大规模人群参与,由视频授课、课后练习、网络手段互动、学习测验等组织起来的教学过程.慕课的出现对面对面授课的大学传统教学模式带来了巨大的冲击和挑战,同时也为大学转变教学模式、提升教学质量提供了良好的机遇和平台,大学英语教学自然也不例外.本论文结合大学英语教学的特点,对慕课与教学模式的有机结合方式进行了论述.%MOOC mass, open courses and network teaching characteristic, is in the charge of speaker teachers, support large populations participation, by the video teaching, after-school exercises, network interactive, learning test means to organize teaching process. Longed for lessons in traditional teaching mode of face-to-face teaching university has brought the huge impact and challenges, but also to change teaching mode, improve the quality of teaching provides a good opportunity and platform, college English teaching is no exception. This paper combined with the characteristics of college English teaching, discuss the combination of the mode of MOOC with the teaching mode.

  16. Replacing electrolytic iron in a fortification-mix with NaFeEDTA increases both iron and zinc availabilities in traditional African maize porridges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kruger, Johanita

    2016-08-15

    While replacing electrolytic iron with NaFeEDTA in multi-micronutrient fortification-mixes is a popular option, there is no information about the effect on the iron and zinc availabilities in African staple foods. This study evaluated the effects of adding a multi-micronutrient fortification-mix, with no iron, electrolytic iron or NaFeEDTA on the availabilities of iron and zinc from thick and fermented special-grade maize porridges using a Caco-2 cell model. Replacing electrolytic iron with NaFeEDTA significantly (p ⩽ 0.05) increased iron and, importantly zinc, availabilities in both the thick (2.16% vs. 1.45% and 2.51% vs. 2.29%, respectively) and fermented (3.35% vs. 2.66% and 3.04% vs. 2.61%, respectively) porridges. Some of the NaFeEDTA complexes perhaps partially dissociated because of pH changes during simulated digestion, binding with zinc and increasing its availability. NaFeEDTA in a multi-micronutrient fortification-mix, added to less refined, high phytate maize meal, would be more effective than electrolytic iron in addressing both iron and zinc deficiencies in low socio-economic populations of sub-Saharan Africa.

  17. The Treachery in Teaching Henry James, Hayim Nachman Bialik, Walter Benjamin, and Nachman of Bratzlav's Tradition of Translation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cutter, William

    1989-01-01

    Views teaching as a form of translation. Discusses the prospects of precise teaching and sets forth some thoughts concerning an ideal model. Delineates discussion from the literary, mystical, and philosophical dimensions in order to elucidate the instructional tasks of religious education. Points out the paradoxes of teaching. (KO)

  18. 论教学理论的学术传统与创新%On the Academic Tradition and Innovation of Teaching Theories

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘旭东

    2012-01-01

    教学的价值和意义是在教学中通过积极行动开拓出来的。教学理论的学术传统以直面教学实践和积极行动为基本内涵,以服务于对教学现象的诠释、教学问题的解决为旨趣,具有实践智慧的品格,有自身特定的边界。在技术理性的制约下,这个传统一度被遏制。要复兴教学理论的学术传统,就需要采用历史的、批判的、革命的思维方式,刻意寻找教学的生活基础,重新领悟教学的诗意,揭示教学活动和教学现象的变化性和丰富多彩性,通过努力搭建教学与生活世界之间的内在联系来彰显自身存在的价值。%: For the reason that the value and meaning of teaching is to be developed and stretched through active actions in the process of teaching, the academic tradition of teaching theories should be based on teaching practice and active actions and has its own specific research area where the specific phenomena get interpreted and the teaching problems get solved with practical wisdom. To revive the academic tradition of teaching theories from the distortion, the efforts ought to be made in the pursuit of the life basis of teaching, the in-depth interpretation of the poetic romance within and phenomena and connecting teaching with life to historical, critical and revolutionary thought. teaching, revealing the diversity of teaching activities demonstrate the value of teaching theories through

  19. Xanthan gum as a fat replacer in goshtaba-a traditional meat product of India: effects on quality and oxidative stability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rather, Sajad A; Masoodi, F A; Akhter, Rehana; Gani, Adil; Wani, S M; Malik, A H

    2015-12-01

    Goshtaba is a restructured meat product of Kashmiri wazwan prepared from meat emulsion with added fat (20 %), salt, spices and condiments and cooked in the curd. The present study was undertaken for the development of low fat goshtaba with the addition of xanthan gum as a fat replacer and was evaluated for proximate composition, pH, colour, lipid and protein oxidation, texture, microstructure and sensory properties. Low fat goshtaba formulations containing xanthan gum were higher in protein and moisture contents but, lower in fat content and pH value than the high fat control (p product containing 1.5 % xanthan gum. SEM results indicate that xanthan gum lead to formation of an additional gel network which holds more water. Sensory evaluation revealed that goshtaba product with 0.5 % xanthan gum had quality characteristics that were similar to the control product containing 20 % fat.

  20. 诗教传统与教师专业发展%The Poem Teaching Tradition and Teachers' Professional Development

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈章明

    2012-01-01

    The interpersonal relationship and the individual psychological order in education field are in chaos. Theoretical discourse subject grasps discourse hegemony, and always puts itself out of the limit of education theory; the teacher educators and researchers donl pay much attention to the influence of subjective attitude on teachers' professional development; teachers are at a loss of what to do in face of the troubled reality and constantly innovated theory. We must attach importance to teachers' profes- sional development, and take it as the basic project of education reform. Chinese traditional poetry teaching attaches great impor- tance to observation of time and space and logic imagination, emotional forming, especially the cultivation of heart of fear, em- phasizing creating learning community, teaching by learning and pursuing self generation and self improvement. It helps elimina- ting discourse hegemony, changing the existing research thought and speech method and promoting the teachers' professional sus- tainable development.%教育领域的人际关系和个体心理秩序较为混乱。理论话语主体掌握话语霸权,常把自己排除在理论之外;教师教育者和研究者忽视主观态度对教师专业发展的影响;教师在不断变化的现实和理论面前束手无策。要改变现状,必须把教师专业发展作为教育改革的基础性工程。中国传统诗教重视时空观察和逻辑想象、情感养成,尤其重视敬畏心的养成,强调群居切磋,以学论教,追求自我生成与完善。有助于消除话语霸权、改变既有的研究思路和言说方式、促进教师专业可持续发展。

  1. Analysis on the Pattern for the Teaching Team Construction of Traditional Chinese Pharmacology in Clinical Teaching Hospital%临床教学医院中药学教师队伍建设模式的分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    常馨予; 郭桂明; 范峥

    2015-01-01

    临床教学是高等医学教育过程中不可或缺的重要组成部分,临床教学质量与教师的教学技能、学术水平、医德医风等息息相关,建立一支高水平、高素质、能力强、与时俱进的药师教师队伍是提高教学质量的关键,也是临床教学医院开展教学工作的坚实基础。文章从建设适应新形势要求的临床教学医院师资队伍出发,探讨临床中药学教师队伍建设的重要意义,提出了从教师基本技能培训、教师队伍建设、医德医风建设、设置特色教学课程及奖励与竞争机制等五方面来加强大学附属医院临床中药学教师队伍建设的建议。%Clinical teaching is the indispensable and important component in the advanced medical education. The clinical teaching quality is closely related to teachers'teaching skill,academic level,medical ethics,etc. Building a pharmacist teaching team of high quality and strong capacity is the key for the improve-ment of teaching quality and is the solid foundation for the clinical teaching hospital to develop teaching pro-gram. In the paper,concerning to the construction of teaching team in clinical teaching hospital for adaption to the requirement of new situation,the importance was discussed on the construction of clinical teaching team of traditional Chinese pharmacology in five aspects,named basic skill training,teaching team construction,medi-cal ethics construction,setting up characteristic teaching program and award and competitive mechanism. As a result,the clinical teaching team of traditional Chinese pharmacology could be strengthened in the affiliated hospital of university.

  2. 高校民族传统体育专业教学改革%On College National Traditional Sports Professional Teaching Reform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陆盛华

    2014-01-01

    民族传统体育专业教学是我国高校体育教学的重要组成部分。本文立足于我国民族传统体育专业人才培养与社会需求相脱离、高校学生理论基础较差、专业办学特色、传统教学优势不能充分显示等现状和问题,结合笔者多年教学经验,提出了宽进严出,创新教育理念,改进和优化课程内容,扩展高校学生实习渠道,引进最先进的人才培养模式,全面提升教师队伍的素质和专业水平等一系列改革措施。希望能为我国高校民族传统体育专业教学改革提供理论支持。%National Traditional Sports Teaching is an important part of college physical education in China. This article is based on our national traditional sports professional training and social needs from the theoretical basis of poor college stu-dents, professional school characteristics, the advantages of traditional teaching can not fully display the status and problems, combined with the author many years of teaching experience, proposed strict exit innovative educational concepts, improve and optimize course content, expand college students' internships channels, introduce the most advanced training model, to enhance the quality and professionalism of teachers in a series of reform measures. Hope to provide theoretical support for the national traditional teaching reform of physical education.

  3. 浅谈传统教学在解剖学教学中的几点体会%Some experiences of traditional teaching in the teaching of anatomy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周瑾; 安梅

    2014-01-01

    Traditional teaching can not only improve the teaching standard, the ability of drawing and building models, enrich the body language of teachers, but also motive students to participate in the teaching process, concen-trate on study and remedy the shortage and disadvantage of multimedia teaching. Therefore traditional teaching still has its edge, especially in the field of human anatomy which is morphology oriented.%传统教学不仅能提高教师的教学水平,提高绘图和制备模型的能力,丰富教师的肢体语言,而且在教师的授课过程中,学生能积极参与,提高学习兴趣,集中学习注意力,弥补多媒体教学的不足和弊端。因此,传统教学依然别具魅力,特别是对于人体解剖学这门以形态学为主的学科教学。

  4. Virtual Reality Anatomy: Is It Comparable with Traditional Methods in the Teaching of Human Forearm Musculoskeletal Anatomy?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Codd, Anthony M.; Choudhury, Bipasha

    2011-01-01

    The use of cadavers to teach anatomy is well established, but limitations with this approach have led to the introduction of alternative teaching methods. One such method is the use of three-dimensional virtual reality computer models. An interactive, three-dimensional computer model of human forearm anterior compartment musculoskeletal anatomy…

  5. Students' Perceptions of Teaching in Context-Based and Traditional Chemistry Classrooms: Comparing Content, Learning Activities, and Interpersonal Perspectives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Overman, Michelle; Vermunt, Jan D.; Meijer, Paulien C.; Bulte, Astrid M. W.; Brekelmans, Mieke

    2014-01-01

    Context-based curriculum reforms in chemistry education are thought to bring greater diversity to the ways in which chemistry teachers organize their teaching. First and foremost, students are expected to perceive this diversity. However, empirical research on how students perceive their teacher's teaching in context-based chemistry classrooms,…

  6. Virtual Reality Anatomy: Is It Comparable with Traditional Methods in the Teaching of Human Forearm Musculoskeletal Anatomy?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Codd, Anthony M.; Choudhury, Bipasha

    2011-01-01

    The use of cadavers to teach anatomy is well established, but limitations with this approach have led to the introduction of alternative teaching methods. One such method is the use of three-dimensional virtual reality computer models. An interactive, three-dimensional computer model of human forearm anterior compartment musculoskeletal anatomy…

  7. Comparing Multiple Intelligences Approach with Traditional Teaching on Eight Grade Students' Achievement in and Attitudes toward Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaya, Osman Nafiz; Dogan, Alev; Gokcek, Nur; Kilic, Ziya; Kilic, Esma

    2007-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of multiple intelligences (MI) teaching approach on 8th Grade students' achievement in and attitudes toward science. This study used a pretest-posttest control group experimental design. While the experimental group (n=30) was taught a unit on acids and bases using MI teaching approach, the…

  8. A Comparison between Cooperation Learning Method and Traditional Teaching Method with the Aim to Improve the Ability of Solving Math Problems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ehsan Hassan-Nejad

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Closing a teaching method is one of the important stages of instructional design. Cooperation learning approach is considered as a new approach in teaching. Cooperation learning method is one of the most interesting teaching methods. Studies show that, among various factors (environmental and individual that affect learning and the learners' academic achievement, environmental factors play important roles. Henceforth, this issue seems necessary to enhance the quality of teaching and to increase the problem solving ability. Therefore, this study dealt with an investigation on the effect of cooperative learning method of teaching on enhancing the problem solving ability. The sample consisted of 60 students in the sixth grade elementary school, studying in city of Dezful, that through a math test, students' problem solving ability was investigated in this grade. Using independent t-test, statistical results for the independent samples, has shown that the ability of math problem solving of the students in cooperation learning is higher than this ability in traditional method.

  9. The effectiveness of using non-traditional teaching methods to prepare student health care professionals for the delivery of mental state examination: a systematic review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xie, Huiting; Liu, Lei; Wang, Jia; Joon, Kum Eng; Parasuram, Rajni; Gunasekaran, Jamuna; Poh, Chee Lien

    2015-08-14

    With the evolution of education, there has been a shift from the use of traditional teaching methods, such as didactic or rote teaching, towards non-traditional teaching methods, such as viewing of role plays, simulation, live interviews and the use of virtual environments. Mental state examination is an essential competency for all student healthcare professionals. If mental state examination is not taught in the most effective manner so learners can comprehend its concepts and interpret the findings correctly, it could lead to serious repercussions and subsequently impact on clinical care provided for patients with mental health conditions, such as incorrect assessment of suicidal ideation. However, the methods for teaching mental state examination vary widely between countries, academic institutions and clinical settings. This systematic review aimed to identify and synthesize the best available evidence of effective teaching methods used to prepare student health care professionals for the delivery of mental state examination. This review considered evidence from primary quantitative studies which address the effectiveness of a chosen method used for the teaching of mental state examination published in English, including studies that measure learner outcomes, i.e. improved knowledge and skills, self-confidence and learners' satisfaction. A three-step search strategy was undertaken in this review to search for articles published in English from the inception of the database to December 2014. An initial search of MEDLINE and CINAHL was undertaken to identify keywords. Secondly, the keywords identified were used to search electronic databases, namely, CINAHL, Medline, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Ovid, PsycINFO and, ProQuest Dissertations & Theses. Thirdly, reference lists of the articles identified in the second stage were searched for other relevant studies. Studies selected were assessed by two independent reviewers for methodological

  10. Ankle replacement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ankle arthroplasty - total; Total ankle arthroplasty; Endoprosthetic ankle replacement; Ankle surgery ... You may not be able to have a total ankle replacement if you have had ankle joint infections in ...

  11. Knee Replacement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knee replacement is surgery for people with severe knee damage. Knee replacement can relieve pain and allow you to ... Your doctor may recommend it if you have knee pain and medicine and other treatments are not ...

  12. 职业教育对接“电商换市”人才需求分析%Analysis on Talent Demands about Vocational Education Docking “E -commerce Replacing Traditional Market”

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱蓉

    2014-01-01

    With the changing of economic growth modes, social retail channels and residents consumption patterns, “e- commerce replacing traditional market” has already become the inevitable strategic choice for Zhejiang which be called“Market Province” to seek new development. Vocational education needs to be based on the specific requirements of talents such as quantity, level, structure and quality, solves the existing problems in e commerce personnel training accordingly, in order to renovate the thoughts on reforms of e-commerce vocational education, explore the training measures of innovative talents and better docking “e commerce replaces the traditional market”strategy in Zhejiang.%随着经济增长模式、社会零售途径和居民消费方式的改变,“电商换市”已经成为浙江省谋求发展新优势的必然选择。浙江职业院校要根据当前浙江“电商换市”对人才的数量、层次、结构和质量等方面的具体需求,有针对性地解决电子商务人才培养中存在的问题,更新浙江电子商务职业教育改革思路,创新人才培养措施,更好地对接“电商换市”战略。

  13. A comparison of the effects of social constructivist and traditional approaches to teaching on students' attitude and achievement in high school chemistry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Latchman, Pooran

    2000-10-01

    Current views of the nature of knowledge and of learning suggest that instructional approaches in science education pay closer attention to how students learn rather than on teaching. This study examined the use of approaches to teaching science based on two contrasting perspectives in learning, social constructivist and traditional, and the effects they have on students' attitudes and achievement. Four categories of attitudes were measured using the Upper Secondary Attitude Questionnaire: Attitude towards school, towards the importance of science, towards science as a career, and towards science as a subject in school. Achievement was measured by average class grades and also with a researcher/teacher constructed 30-item test that involved three sub-scales of items based on knowledge, and applications involving near-transfer and far-transfer of concepts. The sample consisted of 202 students in nine intact classrooms in chemistry at a large high school in Miami, Florida, and involved two teachers. Results were analyzed using a two-way analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) with a pretest in attitude as the covariate for attitudes and prior achievement as the covariate for achievement. A comparison of the adjusted mean scores was made between the two groups and between females and males. With constructivist-based teaching, students showed more favorable attitude towards science as a subject, obtained significantly higher scores in class achievement, total achievement and achievement on the knowledge sub-scale of the knowledge and application test. Students in the traditional group showed more favorable attitude towards school. Females showed significantly more positive attitude towards the importance of science and obtained significantly higher scores in class achievement. No significant interaction effects were obtained for method of instruction by gender. This study lends some support to the view that constructivist-based approaches to teaching science is a viable

  14. The Effects of Non-traditional Teaching Styles on College Mathematics between Face-to-face and Online Students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter KIRIAKIDIS

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Limited research exists on the effects of teaching styles on college mathematics between face-to-face and online students. The purpose of this experimental quantitative research was to examine the effects of teaching styles on college mathematics between face-to-face and online students. The research question was “What are the effects of teaching styles on college mathematics between face-to-face and online students?” The participants were college students who took math classes either face-to-face or online. The participants were taught by the same professors the same math curricula. The findings of this research may shed further light on the effects of teaching styles on college mathematics between face-to-face and online students.

  15. A CAL Program to Teach the Basic Principles of Genetic Engineering--A Change from the Traditional Approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dewhurst, D. G.; And Others

    1989-01-01

    An interactive computer-assisted learning program written for the BBC microcomputer to teach the basic principles of genetic engineering is described. Discussed are the hardware requirements software, use of the program, and assessment. (Author/CW)

  16. A CAL Program to Teach the Basic Principles of Genetic Engineering--A Change from the Traditional Approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dewhurst, D. G.; And Others

    1989-01-01

    An interactive computer-assisted learning program written for the BBC microcomputer to teach the basic principles of genetic engineering is described. Discussed are the hardware requirements software, use of the program, and assessment. (Author/CW)

  17. A meta-analysis of the effects of non-traditional teaching methods on the critical thinking abilities of nursing students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, JuHee; Lee, Yoonju; Gong, SaeLom; Bae, Juyeon; Choi, Moonki

    2016-09-15

    Scientific framework is important in designing curricula and evaluating students in the field of education and clinical practice. The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of non-traditional educational methods on critical thinking skills. A systematic review approach was applied. Studies published in peer-reviewed journals from January 2001 to December 2014 were searched using electronic databases and major education journals. A meta-analysis was performed using Review Manager 5.2. Reviewing the included studies, the California Critical Thinking Dispositions Inventory (CCTDI) and California Critical Thinking Skills Test (CCTST) were used to assess the effectiveness of critical thinking in the meta-analysis. The eight CCTDI datasets showed that non- traditional teaching methods (i.e., no lectures) were more effective compared to control groups (standardized mean difference [SMD]: 0.42, 95 % confidence interval [CI]: 0.26-0.57, p teaching and learning methods in these studies were also had significantly more effects when compared to the control groups (SMD: 0.29, 95 % CI: 0.10-0.48, p = 0.003). This research showed that new teaching and learning methods designed to improve critical thinking were generally effective at enhancing critical thinking dispositions.

  18. Examination of Traditional Medicine and Herbal Pharmacology and the Implications for Teaching and Education: A Ghanaian Case Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asabere-Ameyaw, Akwasi; Sefa Dei, George J.; Raheem, Kolawole

    2009-01-01

    This article presents the preliminary findings of a pilot study of the practice, uses, and effectiveness of traditional medicine in Ghana. Based on in-depth interviews with local key practitioners and users of traditional medicine, the article points to some of the educational significance of local cultural knowledge on the environment and the…

  19. Experience in the modular teaching of the integrated course of metabolism and energy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jian HUANG; Qian LI; Xue-mei TONG; Rong YANG; Ping ZHANG

    2015-01-01

    The teaching of eight-year clinical medicine program of Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine was reformed since 2009 to replace the traditional teaching model with modular teaching. As one of reformed courses,the metabolism and energy course combines biochemistry and physiology related knowledge points and endeavors to overcome shortcomings of traditional basic medical knowledge education,such as simple learning contents,isolation between basic medicine and clinical medicine,simple teaching methods of teachers,and passive learning methods of students. After 6 years of teaching practice,the new teaching model has been recognized by both teachers and students and the teaching quality improves comprehensively,but there are still some shortcomings that need to be overcome. This paper summarizes the gain and loss of the modular teaching of integrated course of metabolism and energy,so as to provide reference for extending the reform of modular teaching and further improving the teaching quality.

  20. ``Yo soy indígena'': identifying and using traditional ecological knowledge (TEK) to make the teaching of science culturally responsive for Maya girls

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamlin, Maria L.

    2013-12-01

    This study examines how traditional ecological knowledge—TEK—can be identified and utilized to create culturally responsive science learning opportunities for Maya girls from a community in the Guatemalan highlands. Maya girls are situated in a complex socio-historical and political context rooted in racism and sexism. This study contextualizes the current situation of Maya women and girls in Guatemala and emphasizes the important need for educators to create science-learning opportunities that are culturally congruent. The author posits that when considering how to make the teaching and learning of science culturally responsive for Maya girls, educators must begin with the scientific knowledge inherent within Maya communities. Indigenous communities have a wealth of TEK that can be used to contextualize science curricula that can be purposely designed to meet the nuanced cultural needs of traditional Maya girls within and outside Guatemala.

  1. The Communicative Approach to Language Teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨彩娟

    2015-01-01

    As the English language develops and the social demand for language talents changes,one’s language competence shifts from his or herlinguistic competence to the communicative competence.Therefore,the traditional teacher-centered and memory-based teaching method which focuses on grammatical properties will inevitably be replaced gradually by CLT-Communicative Language Teaching method which pays more attention on students’ communicative competence.

  2. Like Teacher, Like Student? Conceptions of Children from Traditional and Constructive Teachers Regarding the Teaching and Learning of String Instruments

    Science.gov (United States)

    López-Íñiguez, Guadalupe; Pozo, Juan Ignacio

    2014-01-01

    While many studies have considered the association between teachers' and students' conceptions of teaching and learning and classroom practices, few studies have researched the influence of teachers' conceptions on students' conceptions. Our objective was to analyze the influence of music teachers' conceptions on student…

  3. Rescuing Tradition at the Pierre Verger Cultural Space: Teaching and Learning Afro-Brazilian Culture through Music in Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Junqueira, Joao Carlos

    2010-01-01

    This study investigates how the Pierre Verger Cultural Space (PVCS), an educational organization dedicated to teaching Afro-Brazilian culture in Bahia, uses music to construct a sense of Afro-Brazilian self. Located in a poverty-stricken neighborhood of Salvador, Bahia, the PVCS sees its mission as "rescuing" ("resgatar") an…

  4. Teaching Vocabulary to Preschoolers with Disabilities Using Adult-Child Shared Bookreading: A Comparison of Traditional and Electronic Books

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rhodehouse, Sara Bernice

    2013-01-01

    This study sought to validate adult-child shared storybook reading as a method for teaching target vocabulary words to preschool children with disabilities. The Vocabulary Learning through Books (VLTB) instructional procedure incorporates, adult-child book reading, questioning during reading requiring the child to answer with a target word, and…

  5. Students' perceptions of teaching in context-based and traditional chemistry classrooms : Comparing content, learning activities, and interpersonal perspectives

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Overman, Michelle; Vermunt, Jan D.; Meijer, Paulien C.; Bulte, Astrid M W; Brekelmans, Mieke

    2014-01-01

    Context-based curriculum reforms in chemistry education are thought to bring greater diversity to the ways in which chemistry teachers organize their teaching. First and foremost, students are expected to perceive this diversity. However, empirical research on how students perceive their teacher's t

  6. Rescuing Tradition at the Pierre Verger Cultural Space: Teaching and Learning Afro-Brazilian Culture through Music in Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Junqueira, Joao Carlos

    2010-01-01

    This study investigates how the Pierre Verger Cultural Space (PVCS), an educational organization dedicated to teaching Afro-Brazilian culture in Bahia, uses music to construct a sense of Afro-Brazilian self. Located in a poverty-stricken neighborhood of Salvador, Bahia, the PVCS sees its mission as "rescuing" ("resgatar") an…

  7. Teaching Vocabulary to Preschoolers with Disabilities Using Adult-Child Shared Bookreading: A Comparison of Traditional and Electronic Books

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rhodehouse, Sara Bernice

    2013-01-01

    This study sought to validate adult-child shared storybook reading as a method for teaching target vocabulary words to preschool children with disabilities. The Vocabulary Learning through Books (VLTB) instructional procedure incorporates, adult-child book reading, questioning during reading requiring the child to answer with a target word, and…

  8. Teaching Design in the First Years of a Traditional Mechanical Engineering Degree: Methods, Issues and Future Perspectives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silva, Arlindo; Fontul, Mihail; Henriques, Elsa

    2015-01-01

    Engineering design is known as an answer to an ill-defined problem. As any answer to an ill-defined problem, it can never be completely right or absolutely wrong. The methods that universities use to teach engineering design, as a consequence of this, suffer from the same fate. However, the accumulated experience with the "chalk and…

  9. Teaching Design in the First Years of a Traditional Mechanical Engineering Degree: Methods, Issues and Future Perspectives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silva, Arlindo; Fontul, Mihail; Henriques, Elsa

    2015-01-01

    Engineering design is known as an answer to an ill-defined problem. As any answer to an ill-defined problem, it can never be completely right or absolutely wrong. The methods that universities use to teach engineering design, as a consequence of this, suffer from the same fate. However, the accumulated experience with the "chalk and…

  10. Rescuing Tradition at the Pierre Verger Cultural Space: Teaching and Learning Afro-Brazilian Culture through Music in Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Junqueira, Joao Carlos

    2010-01-01

    This study investigates how the Pierre Verger Cultural Space (PVCS), an educational organization dedicated to teaching Afro-Brazilian culture in Bahia, uses music to construct a sense of Afro-Brazilian self. Located in a poverty-stricken neighborhood of Salvador, Bahia, the PVCS sees its mission as "rescuing" ("resgatar") an Afro-Brazilian sense…

  11. Acesso minimamente invasivo para troca da valva aórtica: resultados operatórios imediatos comparativos com a técnica tradicional Minimally invasive aortic valve replacement: a comparison of results with the traditional technique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    André Luiz Tyszka

    2004-03-01

    better cosmetic results and to reduce hospital costs with the same safety than conventional surgery. This study was designed to compare the operative results from patients who underwent minimally invasive aortic valve replacement with those who were submitted to the standard procedure. METHOD: The operative and immediate post-operative results of 12 consecutive patients who received minimally invasive isolated aortic valve replacements from June 2002 to February 2003 were compared to 12 patients who underwent to traditional approach in the same institution. The minimally invasive access used was superior median hemisternotomy and cardiopulmonary bypass was established through ascendant aorta and right atrium cannulation, similar to the traditional technique. RESULTS: The patient's demographics were similar in both groups. There were no significant differences between aortic clamping time, total bypass time and operating time. The skin incision length was statiscally shorter in minimally invasive group. In the postoperative course, the mechanical ventilation time and the total hospital stay were shorter, but not statiscally significant, in the minimally invasive group. The morbidity was the same in two groups. CONCLUSIONS: This surgical approach provides adequate exposure of the cardiac structures necessary to perform a safe valve replacement. With the same instrumental used in the traditional surgery we can offer the benefits of a less invasive access with the same efficiency as in the conventional approach without add any risks to our patients.

  12. The "Natural Law Tradition."

    Science.gov (United States)

    Finnis, John

    1986-01-01

    A discussion of natural law outlines some of the theory and tradition surrounding it and examines its relationship to the social science and legal curriculum and to the teaching of jurisprudence. (MSE)

  13. Teaching Experience of Laboratory Diagnostics in Traditional Chinese Medicine Universities%中医院校实验诊断学教学方法探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杭海燕; 韩福旺; 蔡宁宁

    2015-01-01

    以往对中医院校的实验诊断教学工作重视度不够,教学效果不理想,本文意在探析中医院校中的实验诊断学教学方法。通过分析医德人文教育的重要性、中西思维模式的差别、逻辑思维训练方法、教学方法改进、如何进行技能训练、质量控制及科研能力培养等7个方面探讨了实验诊断学教学方法。认为应该加强学生医德人文教育、分析中西思维模式加强逻辑思维训练、运用多种教学方法、重视技能操作、加强质控观念及提升科研能力。重视并有原则、有方法的做好中医院校实验诊断学的教学工作,对学生掌握基本医学技能、提升学生现代科学素养非常重要。%Previously there were not enough attention to teaching jobs about experimental diagnosis in TCM colleges, and the teaching effect was not ideal. The article intended to explore the teaching experience of laboratory diagnostics in TCM colleges. From 7 aspects which are the importance of medical ethics education of humanities, differences of Chinese and western thinking mode, logical thinking training method, teaching methods improvement, how to skill training, quality control and scientific research ability training, the author communicates the teaching experiences. The author thinks that we should strengthen the medical ethics education of humanities, the analysis of Chinese and western thinking mode and strengthen the logical thinking training, using a variety of teaching methods, attaches great importance to the skills of operating concept, strengthening the quality control and improving scientific research ability. Attaching importance to the principle and method in the college experimental teaching in traditional Chinese medicine diagnostics, and it is important for students to mastering basic medical skills and promoting modern science literacy.

  14. Directed Replacement

    CERN Document Server

    Karttunen, L

    1996-01-01

    This paper introduces to the finite-state calculus a family of directed replace operators. In contrast to the simple replace expression, UPPER -> LOWER, defined in Karttunen (ACL-95), the new directed version, UPPER @-> LOWER, yields an unambiguous transducer if the lower language consists of a single string. It transduces the input string from left to right, making only the longest possible replacement at each point. A new type of replacement expression, UPPER @-> PREFIX ... SUFFIX, yields a transducer that inserts text around strings that are instances of UPPER. The symbol ... denotes the matching part of the input which itself remains unchanged. PREFIX and SUFFIX are regular expressions describing the insertions. Expressions of the type UPPER @-> PREFIX ... SUFFIX may be used to compose a deterministic parser for a ``local grammar'' in the sense of Gross (1989). Other useful applications of directed replacement include tokenization and filtering of text streams.

  15. 旅游英语教学中如何引入中国传统文化%How to Introduce Chinese Traditional Culture in Tourism English Teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王君

    2015-01-01

    Students majoring in tourism English are the future pillars of foreign-related tourism practitioners, who undertake important responsibilities to expand cultural exchanges with foreign countries. However, it's worth thinking that Chinese traditional culture is always ignored in recent tourism English Teaching. This paper superlatively works at the problems of Chinese traditional culture in recent tourism English Teaching and brings up correlative strategies and propositions.%旅游英语相关专业学生,是涉外旅游从业人员的后备力量与未来支柱,是对外文化交流的未来重要保障.然而,在当前的旅游英语教学中对中国传统文化出现了忽视的现象,值得我们深思.本文力求探究当前旅游英语教学中中国传统文化教育出现的问题,并就如何引入和加强提出思考.

  16. A Brief Analysis on the Application of Situational Teach-ing Method Based on the Outline of Traditional Chinese Medicine%基于中医药学概论浅析情景教学法的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李林

    2014-01-01

    The outline of traditional Chinese medicine contains fundamental of traditional Chinese medicine, science of tradi-tional Chinese medicine, and pharmacology of traditional Chinese medicine, which are abstract and difficult to understand. Through introducing situational teaching method, the abstract contents can be specific and visualized, which will stimulate students' interest, and help them understand abstract theoretical knowledge of tra-ditional Chinese medicine, thus forming a favorable classroom at-mosphere of teacher-student interaction.%中医药学概论包括中医学基础、中药学及方剂学三部分,内容较多,并且很抽象难懂。通过引入情景教学法,使抽象的内容具体化、形象化,可以激发学生的兴趣,帮助学生理解抽象的中医学理论知识,从而形成师生互动的良好课堂氛围。

  17. A Comparison of Case Study and Traditional Teaching Methods for Improvement of Oral Communication and Critical-Thinking Skills

    Science.gov (United States)

    Noblitt, Lynnette; Vance, Diane E.; Smith, Michelle L. DePoy

    2010-01-01

    This study compares a traditional paper presentation approach and a case study method for the development and improvement of oral communication skills and critical-thinking skills in a class of junior forensic science majors. A rubric for rating performance in these skills was designed on the basis of the oral communication competencies developed…

  18. A Comparison of Case Study and Traditional Teaching Methods for Improvement of Oral Communication and Critical-Thinking Skills

    Science.gov (United States)

    Noblitt, Lynnette; Vance, Diane E.; Smith, Michelle L. DePoy

    2010-01-01

    This study compares a traditional paper presentation approach and a case study method for the development and improvement of oral communication skills and critical-thinking skills in a class of junior forensic science majors. A rubric for rating performance in these skills was designed on the basis of the oral communication competencies developed…

  19. Budgets, Board Games, and Make Believe: The Challenge of Teaching Social Class Inequality with Non-Traditional Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carreiro, Joshua L.; Kapitulik, Brian P.

    2010-01-01

    According to a 2002 study by the U.S. Department of Education, the percentage of "traditional students" on college campuses is declining. Students increasingly are delaying enrollment, attending college part time, working full time, financially independent, and single parents. In this paper, we explore the extent to which sociologists are adapting…

  20. Budgets, Board Games, and Make Believe: The Challenge of Teaching Social Class Inequality with Non-Traditional Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carreiro, Joshua L.; Kapitulik, Brian P.

    2010-01-01

    According to a 2002 study by the U.S. Department of Education, the percentage of "traditional students" on college campuses is declining. Students increasingly are delaying enrollment, attending college part time, working full time, financially independent, and single parents. In this paper, we explore the extent to which sociologists are adapting…

  1. 对建筑设计课程传统范式教学的思考%Analysis on Traditional Paradigm Courses Teaching of Architectural Design

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张少伟; 宋岭; 李志民

    2011-01-01

    The discussion of teaching methods of architecture design is always regarded as a hot issue in the field of architectural education. AS there are limitations in traditional theories and teaching methods, it is necessary to improve the thinking in teaching architecture design. This thesis based on the analysis of the characters in contents of teaching and learning in architecture design and emphasizes on cultivating the 3 processes: to put stress on the processes rather than the result itself, to stimulate students' imagination and unique opinions and to train their professional skills Therefore, the demands of creating a system of dynamic multiple coures and measures of quality management are induced.%对建筑学专业的教学方法研究一直是建筑教育中的热点问题,由于沿用传统的教学理论和培养模式存在着局限与不足,促使我们对建筑设计课程的教学思路进行改革和调整.在对建筑设计类专业教与学内容特点分析的基础上,对重过程、轻结果,培养学生独立见解与想象力和注重社会职业化培养三个环节,提出构建动态的综合课程体系与质量管理措施的要求.

  2. Student performance and their perception of a patient-oriented problem-solving approach with audiovisual aids in teaching pathology: a comparison with traditional lectures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arjun Singh

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Arjun SinghDepartment of Pathology, Sri Venkateshwara Medical College Hospital and Research Centre, Pondicherry, IndiaPurpose: We use different methods to train our undergraduates. The patient-oriented problem-solving (POPS system is an innovative teaching–learning method that imparts knowledge, enhances intrinsic motivation, promotes self learning, encourages clinical reasoning, and develops long-lasting memory. The aim of this study was to develop POPS in teaching pathology, assess its effectiveness, and assess students’ preference for POPS over didactic lectures.Method: One hundred fifty second-year MBBS students were divided into two groups: A and B. Group A was taught by POPS while group B was taught by traditional lectures. Pre- and post-test numerical scores of both groups were evaluated and compared. Students then completed a self-structured feedback questionnaire for analysis.Results: The mean (SD difference in pre- and post-test scores of groups A and B was 15.98 (3.18 and 7.79 (2.52, respectively. The significance of the difference between scores of group A and group B teaching methods was 16.62 (P < 0.0001, as determined by the z-test. Improvement in post-test performance of group A was significantly greater than of group B, demonstrating the effectiveness of POPS. Students responded that POPS facilitates self-learning, helps in understanding topics, creates interest, and is a scientific approach to teaching. Feedback response on POPS was strong in 57.52% of students, moderate in 35.67%, and negative in only 6.81%, showing that 93.19% students favored POPS over simple lectures.Conclusion: It is not feasible to enforce the PBL method of teaching throughout the entire curriculum; However, POPS can be incorporated along with audiovisual aids to break the monotony of dialectic lectures and as alternative to PBL.Keywords: medical education, problem-solving exercise, problem-based learning

  3. Teaching residents pediatric fiberoptic intubation of the trachea: traditional fiberscope with an eyepiece versus a video-assisted technique using a fiberscope with an integrated camera.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wheeler, Melissa; Roth, Andrew G; Dsida, Richard M; Rae, Bronwyn; Seshadri, Roopa; Sullivan, Christine L; Heffner, Corri L; Coté, Charles J

    2004-10-01

    The authors' hypothesis was that a video-assisted technique should speed resident skill acquisition for flexible fiberoptic oral tracheal intubation (FI) of pediatric patients because the attending anesthesiologist can provide targeted instruction when sharing the view of the airway as the resident attempts intubation. Twenty Clinical Anesthesia year 2 residents, novices in pediatric FI, were randomly assigned to either the traditional group (traditional eyepiece FI) or the video group (video-assisted FI). One of two attending anesthesiologists supervised each resident during FI of 15 healthy children, aged 1-6 yr. The time from mask removal to confirmation of endotracheal tube placement by end-tidal carbon dioxide detection was recorded. Intubation attempts were limited to 3 min; up to three attempts were allowed. The primary outcome measure, time to success or failure, was compared between groups. Failure rate and number of attempts were also compared between groups. Three hundred patient intubations were attempted; eight failed. On average, the residents in the video group were faster, were three times more likely to successfully intubate at any given time during an attempt, and required fewer attempts per patient compared to those in the traditional group. The video system seems to be superior for teaching residents fiberoptic intubation in children.

  4. Knee Replacement

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... need knee replacement surgery usually have problems walking, climbing stairs, and getting in and out of chairs. Some ... a total living space on one floor since climbing stairs can be difficult. Install safety bars or a ...

  5. A Comparative Study between Traditional and PBL Teaching Method in“Human Anatomy”%《人体解剖学》教学中传统教学与PBL教学比较研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周庆萍; 欧阳海珠

    2015-01-01

    PBL teaching method has been introduced into“Human Anatomy”class in normal university. Meanwhile, the advantages and disadvantages between traditional and PBL teaching are compared. Tradition-al teaching method combined with PBL teaching method is adopted in experimental group. while control group advocated traditional teaching. Establishing final exam and student’s self-evaluation as indicators, comprehensive analysis was carried out. Result:there was no significant difference between the two groups (P>0.05). However, students’abilities of obtaining knowledge are significantly improved in experimental group. Improving students’abilities in many aspects, PBL teaching method combined with traditional teach-ing method can stimulate students’learning initiative and cultivate students scientific thinking, sense of inno-vation and teamwork.%将PBL教学法引入到师范院校《人体解剖学》教学中,将传统教学与PBL教学进行比较研究。实验组采用传统教学与PBL教学相结合,对照组采用传统教学,以期末考试成绩和学生自我评价为指标进行综合分析。研究结果表明:两组学生考试成绩无显著差异(P>0.05),但实验组学生在知识获取等方面的能力有明显提高;在传统教学基础上结合PBL教学,能激发学生学习的主动性,提高学生多方面的的能力,培养学生的科学思维、创新意识及团队精神。

  6. Replacing penalties

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vitaly Stepashin

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available УДК 343.24The subject. The article deals with the problem of the use of "substitute" penalties.The purpose of the article is to identify criminal and legal criteria for: selecting the replacement punishment; proportionality replacement leave punishment to others (the formalization of replacement; actually increasing the punishment (worsening of legal situation of the convicted.Methodology.The author uses the method of analysis and synthesis, formal legal method.Results. Replacing the punishment more severe as a result of malicious evasion from serving accused designated penalty requires the optimization of the following areas: 1 the selection of a substitute punishment; 2 replacement of proportionality is serving a sentence other (formalization of replacement; 3 ensuring the actual toughening penalties (deterioration of the legal status of the convict. It is important that the first two requirements pro-vide savings of repression in the implementation of the replacement of one form of punishment to others.Replacement of punishment on their own do not have any specifics. However, it is necessary to compare them with the contents of the punishment, which the convict from serving maliciously evaded. First, substitute the punishment should assume a more significant range of restrictions and deprivation of certain rights of the convict. Second, the perfor-mance characteristics of order substitute the punishment should assume guarantee imple-mentation of the new measures.With regard to replacing all forms of punishment are set significant limitations in the application that, in some cases, eliminates the possibility of replacement of the sentence, from serving where there has been willful evasion, a stricter measure of state coercion. It is important in the context of the topic and the possibility of a sentence of imprisonment as a substitute punishment in cases where the original purpose of the strict measures excluded. It is noteworthy that the

  7. Professor OUYANG Hui-qing's explorations and practice on teaching of traditional Chinese medicine%欧阳惠卿中医教学观念的探索与实践

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    廖雅琪; 罗颂平; 黄洁明; 许丽绵; 赵颖

    2013-01-01

    欧阳惠卿通过长期的教学实践,逐步形成自己的中医教学观:教育培养中医人才是教研室第一要务,课堂教学与临床带教相结合以促进医学生成长,中医临床教学不可或缺,教学中应贯穿中医文化与学术传承.她的人才观为:教师人才是团队发展的关键,是教研室建设的核心内容,是学科人才建设的基础.她的教学管理观为:教研室主任是教育培养人才的实践者,教学团队发展的担当者.%Professor OUYANG Hui-qing's gradually formed her own teaching concept of traditional Chinese medicine through long-term teaching practice:the most important teaching aim is to cultivate talents of traditional Chinese medicine.Clinical practice together with classroom teaching can promote the growing knowledge of medical students.Clinical practices are necessary and should penetrate culture and academic tradition of traditional Chinese medicine.OUYANG Hui-qing's concepts on talents are:cultivating teaching faculties is the key to the development of the teaching team,the core of construction of the teaching and research section,and the basis of construction of the discipline.OUYANG Hui-qing's management concepts are:the dean of the teaching and research section is the practitioner of personnel training practice and the undertaker of teaching team development.

  8. Understanding language awareness in the first language teaching in Slovenia as a “traditional monocultural“ society

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    In the didactics of the Slovenian language as the first language the term language awareness is related primarily to the identity function of standard language as the most important element of the national and cultural awareness, while the conception of language awareness, based on the functional linguistics, has been put forward only in the last decade. Therefore, the main issue is how to understand language and linguistic cultural awareness in a society which is traditionally considered “cu...

  9. The efficacy and analysis of four contemporary methodologies vis-à-vis traditional methods of teaching music

    OpenAIRE

    Davids, Larry Pierre

    2006-01-01

    Learning music is not just learning a series of physical skills as is emphasized in the traditional methods. It is also about learning to express the music with emotion and being able to understand the ways in which the mind and body relate to the student’s musical abilities, as advocated by the contemporary methods. Four educators and their contemporary methods are researched and critiqued using numerous resources from relevant books, journal articles, websites and personal experience. Shini...

  10. Relation between Body Humors and Hypercholesterolemia: An Iranian Traditional Medicine Perspective Based on the Teaching of Avicenna.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Emtiazy, M; Keshavarz, M; Khodadoost, M; Kamalinejad, M; Gooshahgir, S A; Shahrad Bajestani, H; Hashem Dabbaghian, F; Alizad, M

    2012-03-01

    Cardiovascular diseases are among the most important causes of morbidity and mortality in the world. One of the important risk factors of cardiovascular disease is hyperlipidemia especially high levels of serum cholesterol. Due to the importance of hypercholesterolemia, being a serious condition, various treatments are used to control it, regardless of the cause, most of treatments, focused on reducing the level of serum lipids. This study aims to determine various view points for hypercholesterolemia in Iranian traditional medicine. We used several Iranian traditional medicine resources and literatures; then based on these texts; a pilot study was designed to assess their effects in 10 patients with high plasma cholesterol. The sign and symptoms in main digestive organs (Stomach and liver) were also evaluated. Some patients showed hepatic temperament but all patients had gastric temperament. With reference to Iranian traditional medical texts and literatures, the organs involved in the process of digestion, particularly the stomach and the liver play the most important role. Yet the proper function of stomach as the first step involved in the digestion chain should be emphasized.

  11. Infusing Mathematics Content into a Methods Course: Impacting Content Knowledge for Teaching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burton, Megan; Daane, C. J.; Giesen, Judy

    2008-01-01

    This study compared content knowledge for teaching mathematics differences between elementary pre-service teachers in a traditional versus an experimental mathematics methods course. The experimental course replaced 20 minutes of traditional methods, each class, with an intervention of elementary mathematics content. The difference between groups…

  12. 浅谈电化教学对传统教学的继承与发展%On the Role of Audio-Visual Teaching in the Inheritance and Development of Traditional Teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汤卓凡

    2011-01-01

    随着信息技术的迅猛发展和教育改革的不断深入,以信息化带动教育的现代化,努力实现我国教育的跨越式发展已经成为必然趋势。作为信息和知识传递工具的电化教学具有交互性、应答式和可控制性等优势,它适应了现代学习者积极探索、终身学习的要求。但是,电化教学在本质上仍然是一种工具,作为一种辅助手段有其局限性,电化教学必须与传统教学优化整合,实现优势互补,才能取得最佳教学效果。%With the rapid development of information technology and the continuing deepening of education reform,it has become an inexorable trend to achieve the goal of Great-leap-forward development of China's education through education moderniz-ation driven by informationization.As a carrier of information and knowledge,audio-visual teaching has several advantages which acclimatize to the requirements of modern learners for active exploration and lifelong learning.However,audio-visual teaching is a just an aid with its limitations.To achieve the best teaching effects,audio-visual teaching should be integrated with traditional teaching to complement one another.

  13. Hip Replacement

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Surgery Follow the doctor’s instructions. Work with a physical therapist or other health care professional to rehabilitate your ... While you are still in the hospital, a physical therapist may teach you exercises such as contracting and ...

  14. Comparation on the Teaching Effect of CBL Teaching Mode and the Traditional Teaching Mode in Neurosurgery Teaching%CBL教学模式与传统教学模式在神经外科教学中的应用效果比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张凡

    2016-01-01

    目的:探讨CBL教学模式与传统教学模式在神经外科教学中的应用效果。方法选取2013年6月~2014年6月50例神经外科学生作为研究对象,根据班级不同将学生分为观察组[2011级(1)班]与对照组[2011级(2)班],对照组运用传统教学模式展开教学,观察组使用CBL教学模式教学,比较观察组与对照组学生临床学习效果。结果观察组与对照组学生的理论成绩、案例诊断技能、学术论文撰写评分、操作技能对比,差异具有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论神经外科教学过程中采用CBL教学模式能有效提升学生学习能力和学习兴趣,丰富教学内容,改善学生的实践操作能力和案例诊断技能,有助于学校向医院神经外科输送高素质、高技能的临床医生。%Objective To investigate the effect of CBL teaching mode and the traditional teaching mode in neurosurgery teaching.Methods Collected 50 neurosurgery students from June 2013 to June 2014 and divided them into the observation group and the control group according to their different class level [2011](1) class and [2011](2) class, the control group adopted traditional teaching mode, observation group adopted CBL teaching mode, compared clinical effect between observation group and control group. Results Students' theory achievements, case diagnosis skills, academic paper writing score, signiifcant differences operation skills in observation group were better than control group, the difference had statistically significant (P<0.05).Conclusion In neurosurgery teaching process, CBL teaching model can effectively improve students’ learning ability and learning interest, enrich the teaching content, improve the students' ability of practice and case diagnosis skills, it will help the school to transport a large number of neurosurgery clinicians with high quality and high skills to the hospitals.

  15. Application of micro-course in traditional biochemistry teaching%微课程在生物化学传统教学中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李珊珊; 王志刚; 李波; 邵淑丽; 杨研

    2016-01-01

    针对生物化学学科特点及传统生物化学课程存在的问题,将微课程与传统教学方式相融合,使学习方式由被动式向主动式、互动式学习转变,有效提高师生生物化学课程教学活动的创造性和实效性,使学生在掌握基本理论、基本知识和基本技能的基础上,增强学生自主学习能力和实践动手能力,培养具有批判性思维和创新能力的高素质人才,促进学生的个性发展。%According to the characteristics of the biochemistry course and the problems existing in the traditional biological chemistry course,the micro-course and the integration of traditional teaching methods,making learning styles from passive to active,interactive learning,improve the creativity and effectiveness of the biochemistry teaching activities between teachers and students,make students master basic theories,basic knowledge and basic skills,on the basis of enhancing students' autonomous learning ability and practice ability,cultivate the critical thinking and creative ability of high-quality talent,promote the students' personality development.

  16. The Combination of the Traditional Teaching Method with the PBL in Organic Chemistry Experiment Teaching%有机化学实验教学中传统教学与PBL结合的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邵莺; 何明阳; 孙小强

    2012-01-01

    During the organic chemistry experiment teaching, students' experimental skills were trained systematicly in traditinal teaching mode, while in problem -based learning (PBL) mode, students' interest in study was greatly stim- ulated and key abilities were developed including the ability to work independently of the instructor and great team cooper- ation, think critically, communicate effectively, and analyze and solve problems. The students would be cultivated to flexibly apply their learned experimental skills to solve real - world problems, and become innovative talents via efficient combination of the traditional teaching method with the PBL mode.%传统教学系统地训练学生的实验操作技巧,而基于问题的学习(Problem-Based Learning,PBL)教学模式则能极大激发学生的学习兴趣,培养学生的独立学习和团体合作能力,批判性思考能力,沟通表达及分析解决问题的能力。两者有效结合,可培养学生将其所学的实验操作技巧灵活运用于解决实际问题中,成为创新型人才。

  17. Esophageal replacement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kunisaki, Shaun M; Coran, Arnold G

    2017-04-01

    This article focuses on esophageal replacement as a surgical option for pediatric patients with end-stage esophageal disease. While it is obvious that the patient׳s own esophagus is the best esophagus, persisting with attempts to retain a native esophagus with no function and at all costs are futile and usually detrimental to the overall well-being of the child. In such cases, the esophagus should be abandoned, and the appropriate esophageal replacement is chosen for definitive reconstruction. We review the various types of conduits used for esophageal replacement and discuss the unique advantages and disadvantages that are relevant for clinical decision-making. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  18. The Transformation of Teaching View in Internet+ Age:The Change of Three Elements from Traditional Teaching to Network Teaching%“互联网+”时代的教学观转型--从传统教学三要素到网络教学三要素

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨伊

    2016-01-01

    With the arrival of"Internet+"age, the transformation of teaching view has become a crucial change that education is facing. It is reflected through the changes of comprehension about teaching's three elements. Teacher, teaching material and student are regarded as three elements in traditional teaching view, which faces too many problems in the Internet+age. The new teaching view with the three elements of learning environment, learning resource and student reflects double needs of theory and practice. Teaching transformation depends on the changes of both teaching view and the comprehension towards teaching elements. New teaching view requires the destination to be developmental, the lecture to be dialogical, the teaching content to be diversified, and the teaching assessment to contain whole learning process.%随着“互联网+”时代的到来,教学观转型成为了教育面临的重要变革,具体表现为对教学三要素认识的变化。传统教学观将“教师、教材、学生”视为三要素,在“互联网+”时代中显得捉襟见肘。相比较,以“环境、资源、学生”为三要素的新型教学观反映了现实和理论的双重价值诉求,教学转型的前提正是教学观的转型、对教学要素定位的转型。新型教学观要求教学目的具备发展性,教学传播具备对话性,教学内容具备多元性,以及教学评价具备过程性。

  19. ¿Identidad y/o tradición docente? Apuntes para una discusión Identity or teaching tradition? Notes for a discussion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Araceli de Tezanos

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available La ausencia de acuerdo en el significadodel concepto de identidad profesional  docente (Teachers Professional Identity -TPI es puesto en evidencia en un conjunto de trabajos sobre TPI publicados durante veinte años en Europa, Estados Unidos y África del Sur. El análisis crítico realizado aquí,  confirmaeste resultado y permite constatar una situación similar para el caso de los estudios realizados en Chile. De este análisis se concluye que, para establecer de qué manera se relaciona la TPI con los contenidos de la tradición pedagógica y didáctica que dan sentido al oficiode enseñar, es imprescindible avanzar en el campo de la investigación. Se establece que los maestros de escuela básica al apropiarse, a través de su práctica, de la tradición del oficiode enseñar adquieren una identidad profesional que difierede aquella de los profesores de enseñanza media. En consecuencia, el reto de las Escuelas de Educación es transmitir dicha tradición a todos los docentes.The lack of consistency of the concept of teachers’ professional identity (TPI is exposed through the analysis of an ensemble of research papers published in Europe, USA and South Africa in the last 20 years. The critical analysis conducted in this paper corroborates this fact and reveals a similar situation for recent papers published in Chile. In order to establish how TPI relates with the content of the pedagogic and didactic tradition that gives sense to the intellectual craft of teaching is unavoidable to further advance research. It is their practice at school with pupils that allows primary teachers to appropriate for themselves the tradition of teaching, giving them a professional identity that differs from that of secondary teachers. Accordingly, the challenge for Teacher Education is to transmit to all teachers this tradition.

  20. Usage of Traditional and Complementary Medicine (T & CM): Prevalence, Practice and Perception among Post Stroke Patients Attending Conventional Stroke Rehabilitation in A Teaching Hospital in Malaysia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ali, M F; Abdul Aziz, A F; Rashid, M R; Che Man, Z; Amir, A A; Lim, Y S; Ramli, N S; Zainal Abidin, N A

    2015-02-01

    The lack of evidence that proves the benefit of traditional and complementary medicines (T & CM) in treating chronic medical conditions does not deter its usage among patients worldwide. Prevalence of usage among post-stroke patients in Malaysia especially is unknown. This study aims to determine the prevalence, practice and perception of T & CM use among stroke survivors attending an outpatient rehabilitation program in a teaching hospital. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 104 post stroke patients attending an outpatient rehabilitation program. A structured self-administered questionnaire was used to collect data on sociodemographic and clinical profile of patients, as well as types of therapy used and perception on T & CM usage. Descriptive analysis was done, and bivariate analysis was used to determine associations between categorical data. Mean age of patients was 62 years (SD 12.2), 54% were Chinese and 75% of the patients had ischaemic stroke. Mean age of T & CM users was younger compared to non- T & CM users (61 years vs. 66 years, p=0.04). Two-thirds (66%) of patients admitted to concurrent T & CM usage while attending conventional post stroke rehabilitation. Acupuncture (40.4%), massage (40.4%) and traditional Chinese medicine (11.5%) were the most common T & CM used. Positive perception was recorded in terms of ability of T & CM usage to relieve post stroke symptoms (68%), and it was safe to use because it was made from 'natural sources'. Negative perception recorded: T & CM caused significant adverse effects (57.6%) and was not safe to be used in combination with other conventional medicines (62.5%). Concurrent T & CM usage among post-stroke patients attending structured outpatient rehabilitation program is widely practised especially acupuncture, massage and traditional Chinese medicines. Overall the perception towards its use is favourable.

  1. The influence of instructional method on students' achievement and mental effort: Systemic versus traditional approach in secondary organic chemistry teaching

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hrin Tamara

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Organic chemistry is the chemical discipline that many secondary school students find abstract and difficult. As a result, they learn organic chemistry concepts in a 'rote' way. Therefore, the first goal of this study was to examine whether the systemic approach, that implies the application of systemic synthesis questions, [SSynQs], as new instructional tools, could help students in overcoming these difficulties. The results of this study have shown that students from the experimental group, who were exposed to the new instructional method, achieved higher scores on final testing than students from the control group, who were taught by traditional method, when students' achievements in conventional linear questions, [LQs], and systemic synthesis question, [SSynQs], were evaluated. These findings were followed by the reduction of levels of invested mental effort of the students from experimental group, estimated during solving both types of test questions. Additionally, it was confirmed that students from both examined groups find systemic synthesis question, [SSynQs], more difficult to solve than linear questions, [LQs], achieving lower scores and perceiving higher levels of mental effort. These research findings were explained by completion problems effect which is often discussed within cognitive load theory. Having this in mind, the next step in our research would be to examine the influence of variability effect on students' ability to solve systemic synthesis question, [SSynQs].

  2. Traditional eye medicine use by newly presenting ophthalmic patients to a teaching hospital in south-eastern Nigeria: socio-demographic and clinical correlates

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Uche Judith

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background This study set out to determine the incidence, socio-demographic, and clinical correlates of Traditional Eye Medicine (TEM use in a population of newly presenting ophthalmic outpatients attending a tertiary eye care centre in south-eastern Nigeria. Methods In a comparative cross-sectional survey at the eye clinic of the University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital (UNTH, Enugu, between August 2004 - July 2006, all newly presenting ophthalmic outpatients were recruited. Participants' socio-demographic and clinical data and profile of TEM use were obtained from history and examination of each participant and entered into a pretested questionnaire and proforma. Participants were subsequently categorized into TEM- users and non-users; intra-group analysis yielded proportions, frequencies, and percentages while chi-square test was used for inter-group comparisons at P = 0.01, df = 1. Results Of the 2,542 (males, 48.1%; females, 51.9% participants, 149 (5.9% (males, 45%; females, 55% used TEM for their current eye disease. The TEMs used were chemical substances (57.7%, plant products (37.7%, and animal products (4.7%. They were more often prescribed by non-traditional (66.4% than traditional (36.9% medicine practitioners. TEMs were used on account of vision loss (58.5%, ocular itching (25.4% and eye discharge (3.8%. Reported efficacy from previous users (67.1% and belief in potency (28.2% were the main reasons for using TEM. Civil servants (20.1%, farmers (17.7%, and traders (14.1% were the leading users of TEM. TEM use was significantly associated with younger age (p Conclusion The incidence of TEM use among new ophthalmic outpatients at UNTH is low. The reasons for TEM use are amenable to positive change through enhanced delivery of promotive, preventive, and curative public eye care services. This has implications for eye care planners and implementers. To reverse the trend, we suggest strengthening of eye care programmes, even

  3. The Directed Reading-Thinking Activity (DR-TA) and the Traditional Approach Using Tales of Virtue Based on His Majesty the King's Teaching Concepts in Seventh Grade Students' Reading Comprehension

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chaemsai, Rungruedee; Rattanavich, Saowalak

    2016-01-01

    This study compares the English reading comprehension and ethical awareness of 7th grade students, when using either a directed reading-thinking activity (DR-TA), or a more traditional approach, involving tales of virtue based on His Majesty the King's teaching concepts. A randomized control group pretest-posttest design was used for the study,…

  4. L'enseignement de la langue maternelle dans les ecoles francaise aujourd'hui (The Teaching of the Native Language in French Schools Today).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marchand, Frank

    1979-01-01

    Describes the three methods of teaching French in elementary schools in France: the traditional, the Freinet, and the "Plan de renovation pour l'enseignement du francais." A description of a model for the l980s is given. Techniques influenced by sociolinguistics seem most suited to replace traditional methodology. (AMH)

  5. On the Inheritance and Innovation of Traditional Martial Arts Culture in Martial Arts Teaching%浅谈传统武术文化在武术教学中的传承与创新

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄一帆

    2016-01-01

    传统武术文化是我国民族在经历数千年的变革中遗留下的宝贵遗产,其所囊括的文化精神是博大精深的,诸如古典哲学、美学、军事学等内容。高校武术教学中传统武术文化的传承与创新影响着我国武术事业的进步和发展,因此加强在武术教学中传统武术文化的传承是尤为必要的。本文从传统武术文化的意义以及当前教学中存在的问题进行简要分析探讨,对如何在教学中更好的传承传统武术文化提出相关策略以供借鉴。%Traditional martial arts culture is a precious heritage left behind by the Chinese people in thousands of years’reform.Its profound cultural spirit includes content of classic philosophy,aesthetics and military.The inheritance and innovation of traditional martial arts culture in university martial arts teaching has influence on the progress and development of Chinese martial arts undertakings.Thus,it is particularly necessary to strengthen the inheritance of traditional martial arts in university martial arts teaching.The paper conducts brief analysis and exploration on the meaning of traditional martial arts culture and problems existing in current teaching and proposes corresponding strategy on how to better inherit traditional martial arts culture in teaching to provide reference.

  6. On the Influence of "Inverted Classroom"upon Traditional Classroom Teaching%“颠倒的教室”对传统课堂教学的改变与启示

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    靳璐

    2015-01-01

    From the perspective of "inverted classroom"popular in U.S., this article reflects on the teacher-student relationship, the teaching philosophy, the target, strategy as well as the problems of traditional classroom teaching in the primary education of China.%文章以风靡美国的“颠倒的教室”为视角,反思探索了我国基础教育课堂教学中的师生关系、教育理念、改革的方向、策略以及应注意的问题。

  7. [Estrogen replacement].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Søgaard, A J; Berntsen, G K; Magnus, J H; Tollan, A

    1998-02-10

    Recent research on long-term postmenopausal hormone replacement therapy (HRT) indicates a positive effect on both total mortality and morbidity. This has raised the question of widespread preventive long-term use of HRT. Possible side-effects and ideological issues related to preventive HRT have led to debate and uncertainty among health professionals, in the media, and in the population at large. In order to evaluate the level of knowledge about and attitudes towards HRT, a randomly selected group of 737 Norwegian women aged 16-79 was interviewed by the Central Bureau of Statistics. One in three women had received information about HRT in the last two years, mainly through weekly magazines and physicians. The proportion who answered the questions on knowledge correctly varied from 36% to 47%. Those who had been given information by a physician possessed accurate knowledge, had more positive attitudes towards HRT and were more willing to use HRT than women who had reviewed information through other channels. Women with a higher level of education were better informed and more knowledgeable than others, but were nevertheless more reluctant to use HRT than those who were less educated. The limited number of women who actually receive information on HRT, the low level of knowledge and the ambivalent attitudes toward HRT are a major challenge to the public health service.

  8. Comparison between case teaching method and traditional teaching method in teaching Pathogenic Biology and Immunology%案例教学法与传统教学法在护理《病原生物学与免疫学》中的教学效果比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贾淑平

    2013-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To compare the effect of case teaching method and traditional teaching method in teaching Pathogenic Biology and Immunology. METHODS 6 nursing classes of grade 2011 in Langfang health career academy were selected and divided into two groups as the experimental group and the control group. The students in the experimental group were accepted case teaching method, while the students in the control group were received traditional teaching method. After the completion of teaching tasks, the exam results of both group were compared, and the teaching effect was evaluated through the questionnaire. RESULTS The exam scores in the experimental group were (80.13 ± 5.72), significantly higher than that in the control group (69.77 ± 6.64), and the difference was statistically significant (P< 0.05). More than 90% students supported the case teaching method; they all considered that it was good for their language expression, study independently, improvement on the interest of studying, improvement on the analysis of problems, solving problems and developing the ability to think independently, while the satisfactions were relatively lower in the control group, the difference was also significant (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION The case teaching method was better than traditional teaching method in teaching Pathogenic Biology and Immunology.%目的 探讨案例教学法与传统教学法在护理《病原生物学与免疫学》教学中教学效果的比较.方法 选取廊坊卫生职业学院2011级(3+2五年制大专)6个护理教学班分别作为实验组和对照组.实验组实施案例教学法,而对照组采用传统的教学法.教学任务完成后,分别对两组学生的考试成绩进行统计和分析,通过问卷调查的形式来评价教学效果.结果 实验组学生考试的平均成绩为(80A3±5.72)分,对照组学生考试的平均成绩为(69.77±6.64)分,实验组学生的成绩显著高于对照组,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).实验组90%

  9. The Influence of Nationality Traditional Sports Teaching on Psychological Health of College Students%民族传统体育教学对大学生心理健康的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋证远; 张新中

    2012-01-01

    通过运用文献资料法、访谈法、心理测试法、统计分析法、试验法,结合民族传统体育项目在体育教学中的应用,旨在探讨民族传统体育对大学生心理健康水平的影响,以期为提高大学生的心理健康水平和体育教学改革提供参考依据。%Through using literature and materials method, interview, psychometrics, statistical analysis method, experiment and the application of nationality traditional sports to physical education teaching, this paper aims to discuss the influence of nationality traditional sports on psychological health of college students in order to provide reference for improving psychological health level of college students and sports teaching reform.

  10. Research and Practice of Integration of Traditional Patterns into Modern Graphic Design Teaching Methods%传统图案融入现代图形设计教学方法的研究与实践

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁黎

    2014-01-01

    Traditional designs into modern graphic design teaching, not only enhance students' learning traditional culture, heritage, innovation enthusiasm, and inject local culture connotation and charm in modern graphic design, reflect the teaching philosophy of modern graphic design will be rooted in local community.%传统图案融入现代图形设计的教学中,不仅提升学生对于传统文化学习、传承、创新的积极性,而且在现代图形设计中注入本土文化的内涵和韵味,体现现代图形设计将植根于本土的教学理念。

  11. Ulnar head replacement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herbert, Timothy J; van Schoonhoven, Joerg

    2007-03-01

    Recent years have seen an increasing awareness of the anatomical and biomechanical significance of the distal radioulnar joint (DRUJ). With this has come a more critical approach to surgical management of DRUJ disorders and a realization that all forms of "excision arthroplasty" can only restore forearm rotation at the expense of forearm stability. This, in turn, has led to renewed interest in prosthetic replacement of the ulnar head, a procedure that had previously fallen into disrepute because of material failures with early implants, in particular, the Swanson silicone ulnar head replacement. In response to these early failures, a new prosthesis was developed in the early 1990s, using materials designed to withstand the loads across the DRUJ associated with normal functional use of the upper limb. Released onto the market in 1995 (Herbert ulnar head prosthesis), clinical experience during the last 10 years has shown that this prosthesis is able to restore forearm function after ulnar head excision and that the materials (ceramic head and noncemented titanium stem), even with normal use of the limb, are showing no signs of failure in the medium to long term. As experience with the use of an ulnar head prosthesis grows, so does its acceptance as a viable and attractive alternative to more traditional operations, such as the Darrach and Sauve-Kapandji procedures. This article discusses the current indications and contraindications for ulnar head replacement and details the surgical procedure, rehabilitation, and likely outcomes.

  12. Fostering the Shift from Traditional Chinese Language Teaching to Learner Autonomy in Chinese Context%试析传统外语教学方法向自主学习转变的可行性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴军俐

    2006-01-01

    This paper begins with a comparison of the traditional Chinese language classroom with the newstyle classroom which emphasizes learner autonomy. It describes the differences between them and provides as an example the results of an empirical investigation of learner autonomy conducted by the Shanxi University of Finance and Economics. These show that the use of modern methods of learner autonomy fosters greater learning efficiency and effectiveness, and promotes improvement in the quality of both learning and teaching.

  13. Urbanization, Ikization, and Replacement Dynamics

    CERN Document Server

    Chen, Yanguang

    2015-01-01

    The phenomenon of Iks was first found by anthropologists and biologists, but it is actually a problem of human geography. However, it has not yet drawn extensive attention of geographers. In this paper, a hypothesis of ikization is presented that sudden and violent change of geographical environments results in dismantling of traditional culture, which then result in collective depravity of a nationality. By quantitative analysis and mathematical modeling, the causality between urbanization and ikization is discussed, and the theory of replacement dynamics is employed to interpret the process of ikization. Urbanization is in essence a nonlinear process of population replacement. Urbanization may result in ikization because that the migration of population from rural regions to urban regions always give rise to abrupt changes of geographical environments and traditional culture. It is necessary to protect the geographical environment against disruption, and to inherit and develop traditional culture in order t...

  14. Effects of traditional teaching vs a multisensory instructional package on the science achievement and attitudes of English language learners middle-school students and English-speaking middle-school students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crosley, Haver

    This research was designed to determine the relative effectiveness of a Multi-sensory Instructional Package (MIP) (Dunn & Dunn, 1992) versus Traditional Teaching (TT) on the science achievement- and attitude-test scores of middle-school English Language Learner (ELL) and English-speaking sixth-, seventh-, and eighth-grade middle-school students. The dependent variables were students' science- and attitude-test scores. The independent variables were the two instructional strategies, ELL and English-speaking (Non-ELL) status, and three grade levels. The sample consisted of 282 sixth-, seventh-, and eighth-grade ELL and Non-ELL middle-school students. Learning Styles: The Clue to You! (LS: CY) (Burke & Dunn, 1998) was administered to determine learning-style preferences. The control groups were taught sixth-, seventh-, and eighth-grade science lessons traditionally and the experimental groups were instructed on the same units using MIPs. The Semantic Differential Scale (SDS) (Pizzo, 1981) was administered to reveal attitudinal differences. All three groups experienced both traditional and multi-sensory instruction in all three sub-units. The data subjected to statistical analyses supported the use of an MIP rather than a traditional approach for teaching science content to both ELLs and English-speaking middle-school students. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) revealed a positive and significant impact on achievement scores. Furthermore, the students indicated significantly more positive attitudes when instructed with an MIP approach.

  15. Comparative Study on Flipped Classroom Teaching and Traditional Teaching ofStatistics Based on Technology of MOOC%基于MOOC技术的《统计学》翻转课堂教学与传统教学的比较研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田爱国

    2016-01-01

    In this paper, lfipped classroom teaching mode based on the MOOC was compared with the traditional teaching mode, the features of lfipped classroom teaching mode were illustrated, and a series of changes brought to traditional teaching by lfipped classroom teaching were analyzed. As well as the new technology and learning platform were developed, the new learning environment was created, and the cautions in organizing lfipped classroom teaching were presented.%本文通过基于MOOC的翻转课堂教学模式与传统教学模式的比较,说明翻转课堂教学模式的教学特点,探析翻转课堂对传统课堂教学带来的一系列变革,以及新型学习技术与学习平台的开发,创设新型学习环境,在组织翻转课堂教学中应注意的问题。

  16. Teaching Marketing Strategy: Using Resource-Advantage Theory as an Integrative Theoretical Foundation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hunt, Shelby D.; Madhavaram, Sreedhar

    2006-01-01

    Knowledge of marketing strategy is essential for marketing majors. To supplement and/or replace the traditional lecture-discussion approach, several pedagogical vehicles have been recommended to teach marketing strategy, including the analytic hierarchy process; career-planning cases; computer-assisted, simulated marketing cases; experiential…

  17. Teaching Marketing Strategy: Using Resource-Advantage Theory as an Integrative Theoretical Foundation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hunt, Shelby D.; Madhavaram, Sreedhar

    2006-01-01

    Knowledge of marketing strategy is essential for marketing majors. To supplement and/or replace the traditional lecture-discussion approach, several pedagogical vehicles have been recommended to teach marketing strategy, including the analytic hierarchy process; career-planning cases; computer-assisted, simulated marketing cases; experiential…

  18. Square Pegs, Round Holes: An Exploration of Teaching Methods and Learning Styles of Millennial College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bailey, Regina M.

    2012-01-01

    In an information-saturated world, today's college students desire to be engaged both in and out of their college classrooms. This mixed-methods study sought to explore how replacing traditional teaching methods with engaged learning activities affects millennial college student attitudes and perceptions about learning. The sub-questions…

  19. The design and practice upon clinical teaching method in internal medicine of traditional Chinese medicine%中医内科学诊所式教学方法的构思与实践

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张丽霞; 谢阳象

    2009-01-01

    诊所式教学方法是在案例教学方法的基础上应用于中医学实践的教学方法,中医学传统的师承教育采用的几乎就是这种模式.怀化医学高等专科学校在中医学类专业三个年级学生的中医内科学教学中应用了诊所式教学方法.结果 表明,教师及学生对诊所式教学方法评价较高,实验组学生的中医内科学考核成绩优于对照组学生(P<0.05或P<0.01).诊所式教学方法在激发学生学习兴趣、帮助学生记忆、提高学习效果等方面具有一定的优势.%The method of Clinical teaching method of traditional Chinese medicine bases on the ease-teaching method. It is almost the same style guided by the traditional Chinese medicine. This method has been carried out in teaching in the internal medicine of TCM among the students of three different grades (who major in TCM) of our school. The result shows that the evaluation of this teaching method by the teachers and students is higher. Meanwhile, the students of experiment is better than other team on the internal medicine of TCM test (P <0. 05 or P <0.01 ). Clinical teaching method has a certain advantage on inspiring the students' interest in their studies, improving their memory and enhancing their studying effects.

  20. PBL教学法和传统口授教学法在小儿维生素D缺乏性佝偻病教学中的对比分析%Contrastive analysis of PBL teaching method and traditional dictation teaching method in the teaching of children with vitamin D deficiency ricket

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李冰; 尹雪

    2014-01-01

    目的:探讨PBL教学法和传统口授教学法在小儿维生素D缺乏性佝偻病教学中的应用效果。方法:随机在本校12级临床本科专业6个班中选取2个班进行研究,随机分为实验班和对照班,教授《小儿维生素D缺乏性佝偻病》一章,实验班采用PBL教学法,对照班采用传统口授教学法,比较两班学生的学习兴趣、学习成绩方面的教学效果。结果:实验班学生学习成绩优秀率70%(28/40)显著高于对照班成绩优秀率50%(20/40),差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);实验班学生对该课程感兴趣的百分比95%显著高于对照班72.5%,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论:PBL教学法在小儿维生素D缺乏性佝偻病的教学中可以显著提高教学质量及教学效果,值得各教育机构推广。%Objective:To explore the application effect of PBL teaching method and traditional dictation teaching method in the teaching of children with vitamin D deficiency ricket.Methods:In 6 classes of 12 grade clinical undergraduate program,there were randomly selected 2 classes to study.They were randomly divided into the experimental class and the control class."children with vitamin D deficiency ricket"chapter was professored.The experimental class were given PBL teaching method.The control class were given traditional dictation teaching method.The teaching effects of learning interest and school record of students in two classes were compared.Results:The excellent rate of school record of the experimental class was 70%(28/40).It was significantly higher than 50%(20/40) of the control class.The difference was statistically significant(P<0.05).The percentage of learning interest of the experimental class was 95%.It was significantly higher than 72.5% of the control class.The difference was statistically significant(P<0.05).Conclusion:PBL teaching method in the teaching of children with vitamin D deficiency ricket can significantly improve the

  1. Exploration and Practice on the Teaching of Traditional Chinese Medicine in Clinical Medicine%临床医学专业中医教学的探索与实践

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张银萍; 张岩

    2015-01-01

    根据高职高专的人才定位和专业技能培养目标要求,以及目前高职高专临床医学专业《中医学》教学中存在的问题,对中医教学进行了大胆的探索与实践.压缩基础理论学时,以必需、够用为度;突出应用与实践,加强实践技能训练;改革考核体系,着重培养学生在临床实践中的中医应用能力,收效显著.%According to the vocationall talent orientation and professional skills training goals and requirements, as well as the existing problems of traditional Chinese medicine teaching inclinical medicine, made the bold exploration and practice on traditional Chinese medicine teaching. Compressed basic theoretical class hours, with the necessity and ufifciency for degree, highlight the application and practice, strengthen the training of practical skills, strengthen the training of practical skills, reform the evaluation system, and concentrate on cultivating students' application ability of traditional Chinese medicine in clinical practice. The effect achieved signiifcantly.

  2. 基于自主学习能力的中药化学微课教学研究%On the micro-lecture teaching of traditional Chinese medicine chemistry based on self-study ability

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈建真; 何昱; 李范珠

    2016-01-01

    Micro-lecture,a hot topic in education and teaching at present,has aroused wide attention from teachers and students.In order to cultivate students'abilities in autonomous learning and innovative practice,we have constructed the innovative teaching mode of Chinese medicine chemistry course based on micro-lectures by starting with micro-lecture teaching design.It is a useful exploration in teaching reform of specialized courses of traditional Chinese medicine.%微课是当前教育教学领域的研究热点,已引起师生的广泛关注。文章以培养学生自主学习能力和创新实践能力为目标,从微课的教学设计入手,构建了基于“微课”的创新型中药化学课程教学模式,为传统中药学专业课程的教学改革进行了有益的探索。

  3. Application of Traditional Literati Paintings' Consciousness for Teaching Chinese Paintings in Art Colleges%传统文人画意识在高等艺术院校中国画教学中的运用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐作先

    2011-01-01

    从剖析我国高等艺术院校中国画教学现状入手,提出中国画教学引入传统的文人画意识。通过梳理"文人画意识"概念,找出其在当今中国画教学中的意义,并就如何在高等艺术院校中国画教学中运用传统文人画意识提出具体方案。%Having analyzed the current situation of teaching Chinese paintings in art colleges in China,this paper suggests to bring the traditional literati paintings' consciousness in teaching Chinese paintings and present some specific programs.

  4. Application of Advance Organizer Theory in Teaching of Chemistry of Traditional Chinese Medicine%先行组织者教学理论在中药化学教学中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曲扬; 王丽娜; 窦德强

    2011-01-01

    The advance organizer theory and relating organization strategy, that is the principle of progressive differentiation, the principle of step-by-step inductions and the principle of integrative reconciliation. They were applied to organize a few teaching units in chemistry of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM ), the aim of which was to introduce this theory in teaching of TCM chemistry.%运用先行组织者教学理论及相应的教学组织策略,即渐进分化策略、逐级归纳策略以及整合协调策略,对中药化学中部分单元的教学进行了设计,从而说明"先行组织者"教学理论在中药化学教学中的实际应用.

  5. Development of Teaching Reform of Pharmacognosy Based on Traditional Chinese Medicine Resources in Mountain Area%结合山区中药资源开展《生药学》教学改革

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈吉炎; 杜士明; 杨光义; 黄剑云

    2011-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To utilize traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) resource in mountain area, and to improve teaching effect of Pharmacognosy.METHODS: Based on the characteristics of TCM resource in mountain area, teaching reform of Pharmacognosy was carried out.RESULTS: "Three combination" was carried out continuously in the teaching of Pharmaognosy, so that "Three ability" improved significantly, i.e.the first one was enhancing the ability of practice by utilizing traditional Chinese medicine resource; the second one was to combine the theory of sustainable development to developing exploiting ability; the third one was combining the medicinal essence to improve initiating ability.CONCLUSION: The emphasis on "three combination" and "three ability" are effective means for elevating teaching reform of Pharmacognosy.%目的:发挥山区中药资源丰富的优势,提高教学效果.方法:结合山区中药资源特点,开展教学改革.结果:在教学中坚持"三个结合",能够使"三种能力"明显增强.即结合山区资源特点,增强实践教学能力;结合持续发展理论,增强综合开发能力;结合弘扬医药文化国粹,增强主动传承能力.结论:坚持"三个结合"、增强"三种能力",是推进教学改革的有效手段.

  6. 应用传统相纸代替部分医用X线胶片的探讨%Discuss on Replacement of Medical X-ray Film with Traditional Photographic Paper

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王军清; 宋云彩; 李志平; 章伟; 蒋浩鹏; 汪正於

    2013-01-01

    目的:探讨对患者通过DR或CR摄影后所打印的图片,利用传统相纸代替部分医用X线胶片在机关、基层等医院中的应用.方法:随机选取2011年6月~12月通过数字X线DR摄影检查所拍摄的患者的图像300张,利用激光打印机将图像打印在X线胶片上面作为对照组,在相同条件下利用高分辨率彩色喷墨打印机将图像打印在传统相纸上面作为实验组,将2组打印的图像进行对比分析.结果:在观片灯下对2组相同的300张照片进行对比观察,打印在胶片上的图像清晰度稍好于打印在相纸上的图像,在自然光线下用彩色喷墨打印机打印的照片更具有直观性,视觉效果更好,打印成本较低.结论:在打印的图像不影响临床医生对患者进行诊治的情况下,利用彩色喷墨打印机打印在相纸上面的照片较激光打印机打印在X线胶片上面的照片存放、携带更加方便,打印机的体积占用空间小,打印成本更加低廉,在自然光线下观片更加直观,但是相纸的耐用性差,图像清晰度与打印机的分辨率有直接关系,适合用于平时患者数量少、病情轻的机关和基层等医院.%Objective To discuss the application of traditional photographic paper instead of X-ray film in institutional or primary hospitals. Methods There were 300 cases of digital DR images printed with X-ray films by the laser printer as the control group, and with traditional photographic paper by the high-resolution color jet printer as the experimental group. Then the images of the two groups were compared. Results The control group behaved better than the experimental one with the illuminator, but worse than the latter with the natural light. Conclusion When used for radiological diagnosis, traditional photographic paper, over X—ray film, gains the advantages of easy storage and carrying, low size and cost, adaption to the natural light as well as the disadvantages of poor durability and

  7. The Problem Solving Method in Teaching Physics in Elementary School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jandrić, Gordana Hajduković; Obadović, Dušanka Ž.; Stojanović, Maja

    2010-01-01

    The most of the teachers ask if there is a "best" known way to teach. The most effective teaching method depends on the specific goals of the course and the needs of the students. An investigation has been carried out to compare the effect of teaching selected physics topics using problem-solving method on the overall achievements of the acquired knowledge and teaching the same material by traditional teaching method. The investigation was performed as a pedagogical experiment of the type of parallel groups with randomly chosen sample of students attending grades eight. The control and experimental groups were equalized in the relevant pedagogical parameters. The obtained results were treated statistically. The comparison showed a significant difference in respect of the speed of acquiring knowledge, the problem-solving teaching being advantageous over traditional methodDo not replace the word "abstract," but do replace the rest of this text. If you must insert a hard line break, please use Shift+Enter rather than just tapping your "Enter" key. You may want to print this page and refer to it as a style sample before you begin working on your paper.

  8. The "Knowing Invariable to Understand Variance" on the teaching of Traditional Medical Formulas%《方剂学》教学中的“知常”与“达变”

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林渊

    2011-01-01

    为了使学生能够熟练掌握《方剂学》教学大纲所要求的内容,提出“三步一扣一回头”的教学方法,使学生在学习方剂学的过程中做到知常达变的同时,提高学生学习方剂学的能力,掌握方剂学的学习方法,为学习中医学临床课程奠定坚实的基础.%In order to enable students master the Traditional Medical Formulas outline of the content of the required, this paper puts forward 'Three step, One key and One review" method of teaching, so that students in the learning process of Traditional Medical Formulas is up to Knowing Invariable to Understand Variance at the same time, it improves students' learning ability, and the study method of Traditional Medical Formulas, it lays a solid foundation for learning Traditional Chinese medicine clinical course.

  9. A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF PROGRAMMED AND TRADITIONAL TECHNIQUES FOR TEACHING MUSIC READING IN THE UPPER ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS, UTILIZING A KEYBOARD APPROACH. FINAL REPORT.

    Science.gov (United States)

    MANDLE, WILLIAM DEE

    THE PURPOSE OF THIS STUDY WAS TO INITIATE A PROGRAM FOR TEACHING MUSIC READING SKILLS, USING THE PIANO KEYBOARD IN COMBINATION WITH PROGRAMED LEARNING, AND TO COMPARE IT WITH CONVENTIONAL METHODS OF MUSIC INSTRUCTION. FOURTH, FIFTH, AND SIXTH GRADERS AT ONE CLEVELAND PUBLIC SCHOOL COMPRISED THE CONTROL GROUP RECEIVING CONVENTIONAL MUSIC READING…

  10. Part I: Virtual Laboratory versus Traditional Laboratory: Which Is More Effective for Teaching Electrochemistry? Part II: The Green Synthesis of Aurones Using a Deep Eutectic Solvent

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hawkins, Ian C.

    2013-01-01

    The role of the teaching laboratory in science education has been debated over the last century. The goals and purposes of the laboratory are still debated and while most science educators consider laboratory a vital part of the education process, they differ widely on the purposes for laboratory and what methods should be used to teach…

  11. Virtualization for cost-effective teaching of assembly language programming

    OpenAIRE

    Cadenas, Jose O.; Sherratt, Simon; Howlett, Des; Guy, Chris; Lundqvist, Karsten

    2015-01-01

    A virtual system that emulates an ARM-based processor machine has been created to replace a traditional hardware-based system for teaching assembly language. The proposed virtual system integrates, in a single environment, all the development tools necessary to deliver introductory or advanced courses on modern assembly language programming. The virtual system runs a Linux operating system in either a graphical or console mode on a Windows or Linux host machine. No software licenses or extra ...

  12. De la enseñanza tradicional de la gramática a la reflexión metalingüística en primeras lenguas / From traditional grammar teaching to metalinguistic reflection in First Language Education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lidia Usó Viciedo

    2014-10-01

    to Language Teaching and specifically to First Language Teaching since the introduction of the notion of communicative competence and its subsequent teaching approaches - with a new conception on the Teaching / Learning of grammar. Then, the current Primary Education Curriculum in Catalonia is reviewed, which requires students to develop their awareness on the grammatical function of the language as an objective, content and assessment criterion for both first and foreign languages. The Curriculum also establishes that students should be able to observe and compare differences and similarities between languages and to do a meta-reflection on the use of the different grammatical features of the language. Finally, results from a pilot research study carried out with a group of students from the Master’s degree in Primary Education are presented. These findings show that students adopted a traditional approach to grammar teaching in their different proposals of teaching units,; hence suggesting the need for training future primary school teachers in these concepts both from the Language Teaching and from the Teaching of specific languages perspectives.

  13. Keeping Tradition

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zenhong, C.; Buwalda, P.L.

    2011-01-01

    Chinese dumplings such as Jiao Zi and Bao Zi are two of the popular traditional foods in Asia. They are usually made from wheat flour dough (rice flour or starch is sometimes used) that contains fillings. They can be steamed, boiled and fried and are consumed either as a main meal or dessert. As

  14. Traditional Opera

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1996-01-01

    THE Beijing Chinese Opera School, founded in 1952, has fostered a multitude of gifted performers of traditional opera over the past 40-odd years. Famous virtuosos of Beijing opera, Mei Lanfang, Shang Xiaoyun and Xun Huisheng, have exhibited great concern for the school and have joined in providing instruction. Madame Sun Yumin, president of this

  15. 浅谈在幼师语文教学中渗透我国传统文化的策略%A Brief Discussion on Strategies of Infiltrating Traditional Chinese Culture into the Chinese Language Teaching for Preschool Education Majors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张薇

    2014-01-01

    Preschool education majors are the successors, dis-seminators and practitioners of traditional culture, but in the cur-rent Chinese language teaching for them, elements of traditional culture in their teaching materials are not well developed, and Chinese language teachers lack the quality of traditional Chinese culture and their teaching methods are tedious. Therefore, the writer proposed several strategies of infiltrating traditional Chi-nese culture into the Chinese language teaching for preschool ed-ucation majors, including:actively discovering elements of tradi-tional culture in accordance with the teaching materials;actively improving Chinese language teachers' own quality of traditional culture;infiltrating traditional Chinese culture through classroom teaching; launching Chinese language activities combined with traditional Chinese culture.%幼师学生是传统文化的继承者、传播者和践行者,现在的幼师语文教学中常常出现没有发掘教材中蕴含的传统文化元素,语文教师本身缺乏中国传统文化素养和教学方法枯燥单调等问题。笔者提出了在幼师语文教学中渗透传统文化的几点策略,包括院依据教材,积极发掘传统文化元素;语文教师要积极提高自身传统文化素养;通过语文课堂教学,渗透中国传统文化;开展与中国传统文化相结合的语文活动。

  16. Traditional birth attendants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leedam, E

    1985-09-01

    In many countries 60-80% of deliveries are assisted by traditional birth attendants (TBAs). Over the last several decades efforts have been made to regulate, upgrade through training or replace the TBA. The strength of the TBA stems from the fact that she is part of the cultural and social life of the community in which she lives. Her weakness lies in the traditional practices which may have dangers for her clients. With suitable training and supervision these dangers can be minimized and her potential used to improve the health of mothers and babies. Increasingly countries are recognizing that the TBA will represent a major resource where women do not have access to services for either cultural or geographic barriers. The effective use of this resource will require an understanding and appreciation of the TBA's role and contribution by all health authorities, flexibility in the development of training programs and the co-operation of the TBAs themselves.

  17. 雌孕激素替代疗法配合中药治疗卵巢早衰34例%Hormone Replacement Therapy Cooperating with Traditional Chinese Medicine in Women with Premature Ovarian Failure(with 34 cases reported)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈蔚

    2003-01-01

    Premature ovarian failure (POF) is secondary amenorrhea with elevated gonadotrophins oc-curring under the age of 40,affects 1-3% women in the general population with myriad ramificationsfrom psychological devastation to multi-system implications of estrogen deprivation and its sequelae. Sev-eral therapeutic approaches have been tried.The Objective of the paper is to evaluate the clinical thera-peutic effectiveness to these patients.34 women with POF who were treated with traditional Chinesemedicine and hormone replacement therapy were included in the study.Some women experiencing theapproach obtained improvement, even pregnancy, and two newborn were gained. The treatment conceptsand pathogeny for women with POF are discussed in this paper.

  18. "Yo Soy Indígena": Identifying and Using Traditional Ecological Knowledge (TEK) to Make the Teaching of Science Culturally Responsive for Maya Girls

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamlin, Maria L.

    2013-01-01

    This study examines how traditional ecological knowledge--TEK--can be identified and utilized to create culturally responsive science learning opportunities for Maya girls from a community in the Guatemalan highlands. Maya girls are situated in a complex socio-historical and political context rooted in racism and sexism. This study contextualizes…

  19. "Yo Soy Indígena": Identifying and Using Traditional Ecological Knowledge (TEK) to Make the Teaching of Science Culturally Responsive for Maya Girls

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamlin, Maria L.

    2013-01-01

    This study examines how traditional ecological knowledge--TEK--can be identified and utilized to create culturally responsive science learning opportunities for Maya girls from a community in the Guatemalan highlands. Maya girls are situated in a complex socio-historical and political context rooted in racism and sexism. This study contextualizes…

  20. 数字化医学影像学教学模式与传统模式的比较研究%A comparative study between the digital medical imaging teaching mode and the traditional radiology mode

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵宇; 滕婷; 祝因苏; 张玲

    2016-01-01

    目的:通过医学影像信息系统结合传统模式在医学影像学专业学生临床教学模式中的应用,探讨数字化趋势下医学影像教学的新模式,使医学影像教学满足现代医学影像学学科发展与临床工作的需要。方法:选取南京医科大学医学影像学专业大三年级学生300名,按照随机数表法将其分为对照组和观察组,每组150名。对照组学生采用传统授课方式,观察组学生采用传统授课模式结合医学影像信息系统进行授课,对比分析两组学习成绩、教学效果评价及满意度。结果:观察组学生对影像资料的病例分析、典型征象辨认及疾病判断各项评分均较对照组具有优势,且观察组学生对教学方式新颖度、知识理解程度、知识广度、课程内容印象性以及学习积极性均高于对照组,差异有统计学意义(t=196.620,t=31.365,t=6.283,t=38.509, t=21.394;P<0.05);观察组学生对教学效果满意率为96.00%,高于对照组,差异有统计学意义(x2=20.369,P<0.05)。结论:数字化医学影像信息系统结合传统授课模式的教学方法,对提高影像学的教学质量及学生的临床实践能力具有重要作用,值得在临床医学教学中推广并借鉴。%Objective: Through the medical image information system combined with the traditional model in the application of medical imaging specialty students teaching mode, to explore teaching new mode under the trend of digital medical imaging, to meet the needs of the modern medical imaging in clinical work and to provide a reliable guarantee. Methods:300 students majoring in the third grade from January 2012 to May 2015 in medical imaging of Nanjing Medical University were taken as the research object, and randomly divided into control group and observation group: the students of control group using traditional teaching methods, and the students of observation group using traditional

  1. Aggression Replacement Training and Childhood Trauma

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amendola, A. Mark; Oliver, Robert W.

    2013-01-01

    Aggression Replacement Training (ART) was developed by the late Arnold Goldstein of Syracuse University to teach positive alternatives to children and youth with emotional and behavioral problems (Glick & Gibbs, 2011; Goldstein, Glick, & Gibbs, 1998). ART provides cognitive, affective, and behavioral interventions to build competence in…

  2. Probability Issues in without Replacement Sampling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joarder, A. H.; Al-Sabah, W. S.

    2007-01-01

    Sampling without replacement is an important aspect in teaching conditional probabilities in elementary statistics courses. Different methods proposed in different texts for calculating probabilities of events in this context are reviewed and their relative merits and limitations in applications are pinpointed. An alternative representation of…

  3. Shoulder Joint Replacement

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Shoulder Replacement Options Shoulder replacement surgery is highly technical. It should be performed by a surgical team ... area and will meet a doctor from the anesthesia department. You, your anesthesiologist, and your surgeon will ...

  4. Partial knee replacement - slideshow

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... page: //medlineplus.gov/ency/presentations/100225.htm Partial knee replacement - series—Normal anatomy To use the sharing ... A.M. Editorial team. Related MedlinePlus Health Topics Knee Replacement A.D.A.M., Inc. is accredited ...

  5. Research on University Network Teaching Platform (Blackboard in Teaching Management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gou Zhao Xia

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available With rapid development of online education; teaching platform based on the network, as a new instructional mode has become a hot topic in online teaching. In this paper, the he teaching situation and existing problems on online was analyzed by comparing the difference between network teaching platform and traditional classroom teaching. Then the strategies of network teaching management and the case, which is focusing on the characteristics of Blackboard with the application of network teaching management was presents.

  6. Application of Comparative Inductive Method in the Teaching of Chinese Traditional Medicine of Pediatrics%比较归纳法在中医儿科教学中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李恒; 段晓征; 蒋锴

    2016-01-01

    目的:探讨比较归纳法在中医儿科教学中的应用价值。方法将我校2012级中医儿科专业两个班级的学生选为本次研究对象,以01班作为观察组,以02班作为对照组,对比两组教学效果。结果观察组理论成绩评分(89.9±6.2)分、对教学模式满意评分(85.5±5.1)分高于对照组的(81.5±4.9)分、(72.9±5.8)分,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论将比较归纳法应用于中医儿科教学中效果显著。%Objective To investigate the comparative inductive method in TCM pediatrics teaching application value.Methods The students of two classes of Chinese traditional medicine pediatric in 2011 class in our school are selected as the research objects, the student in 01 class as observation group, the student in 02 class as control group, to compare teaching effect about two groups.Results The score of theory achievement of observation group which was (89.9±6.2) points and the score of satisfied with the teaching mode of observation group which was (85.5±5.1) points is higher than those of control group (81.5±4.9), (72.9±5.8) points. The difference was statistically signiifcant (P<0.05). Conclusion The comparative induction method which is applied to the teaching of traditional Chinese medicine has signiifcant effects.

  7. Traditional Teacher Education Still Matters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jacobs, Nick

    2013-01-01

    Fresh from teaching his first full school year the author reflects on his traditional teacher preparation path into the classroom and finds he was instilled with a common sense of ethics, compassion, a demand for reflective practice, and a robust guiding philosophy. As a college student, he learned theory and was able to augment that with…

  8. Discussion on the Application of OSCE Model and Traditional Assessment Model in Clinical Medicine Teaching%OSCE模式与传统考核模式在临床医学教学中的应用探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冷静; 张红

    2016-01-01

    Objective To explore the use of objective structured clinical examinations model and traditional examination model on teaching mode of clinical medical students.Methods 274 clinical medical undergraduates were chosen in Rizhao People's Hospital (176 cases traditional mode, 98 cases OSCE model) from 2008 to 2015. We designed the evaluation scale to compare the difference between OSCE model and traditional examination mode in improving the teaching quality of clinical practice.Results Using OSCE model to train medical students in history (80.6%), communication (78.02%), the ability of clinical thinking (70.41%) and skills (70.41%) and (81.6%) and other aspects of comprehensive evaluation, assessment results is better than the traditional model (P0.05).ConclusionThe OSCE model was better in improving the practical skills of clinical medical students.%目的:探讨客观结构化临床考试(Objective structured clinical examinations,OSCE)模式和传统考核模式在临床医学生教学中的应用。方法采用随机抽样法抽取274名日照市人民医院2008~2015年临床医学专业本科生(176名传统模式、98名OSCE模式)进行考核体系评价研究,自行设计评价量表,比较OSCE模式与传统考核模式在临床实践教学质量提高等方面的差异。结果采用OSCE模式培养的医学生在病史采集(80.6%)、医患沟通(78.02%)、临床思维能力(70.41%)、技能操作(70.41%)及综合评价(81.6%)等方面,考核成绩优于传统模式(均P<0.05);在基础理论方面,OSCE模式(79.6%)低于传统模式(85.2%),但差异无统计学意义(P>0.05)。结论 OSCE模式在提高临床医学生实践技能方面更有优势。

  9. Intuitive Embedded Teaching System Design for Multi-Jointed Robots

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chin-Pao Hung

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available This work describes the development of a novel embedded teaching system for multi‐jointed robots. Differing from the traditional teaching panel method, the proposed method does not require any complex computations for coordinate transformation and is a simpler scheme. The proposed teaching system includes a small teaching robot, which is scaled to the real jointed robot, however, joints are replaced with potentiometers. An embedded electrical control system contains the main control board and joint control cards. The main control board receives voltage signals from the teaching robot and transforms them into position commands for the motion of each joint. All the position commands are recorded on the main control board using the desired sample rate. In trajectory planning mode, the operator drags the teaching robot to generate the desired motion. The electrical control system drives the real jointed robot in response to the received voltage signals from the teaching robot. Trajectory teaching can be done naturally without expertise. The teaching system architecture, control board design and program flowchart are described and implemented.

  10. 四环项目链教学法在《中医内科学》教学中的应用%Application of Four-linked Project Chain Teaching Method to the Teaching of Internal Medicine of Traditional Chinese Medicine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马献中; 王保平

    2016-01-01

    Objective: To explore the effects of four-linked project chain teaching method in the teaching of internalmedicineoftraditionalChinesemedicine. Methods: The students majored in clinic, the rehabilitation and in-tegrative medicine in the grades of 2012, 2013 and 2014 were chosen as the subjects, among them, there were 390 students in the grade of 2012, and they were randomized into 193 cases of the observation group and 197 cases of the control group; 390 students in the grade of 2013, who were randomized into 194 cases of the observation group and 196 cases of the control group; 421 students in the grade of 2014, randomized into 212 cases of the observation group and 209 cases of the control group. The control group accepted traditional teaching method and the observa-tion group four-linked project chain teaching method. Results: The observation group was superior to the control group in final scores, peer assessment, students evaluating the teaching and others(P<0.05). Conclusion: Four-linked project chain teaching method is appropriate for the teaching of internal medicine of traditional Chinese medicine.%目的:探讨四环项目链教学法在《中医内科学》中的教学效果。方法:以2012级、2013级、2014级3年制临床、康复、中西医结合专业的学生为观察对象,其中2012级390人,随机分为观察组193人,对照组197人;2013级390人,随机分为观察组194人,对照组196人;2014级421人,随机分为观察组212人,对照组209人。对照组给予传统教学法。观察组给予四环项目链教学法。结果:在期末考核成绩、同行评价、学生评教等面观察组均优于对照组(P<0.05)。结论:四环项目链教学法是一种适应《中医内科学》教学的教学方法。

  11. 浅谈国画教学中提高学生文化素养的策略%To improve the cultural quality and aesthetic of cognitive strategies in the teaching of traditional Chinese painting

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵爱军

    2015-01-01

    中国画不仅是绘画语言形式,更是具有深厚中国人文精神内涵和哲学意味的文化形式。在国画教学中,习读道家经典;研读绘画理论;诵读古代诗词经典,是提高学生文化素养和审美认知的有效策略。%Chinese painting is not only a form of painting language , has a profound connotation of Chinese humanistic spirit and philosophy of culture .In the traditional Chinese painting teaching , learning to read classics of Taoism;studying painting theory;reading ancient poems;is an effective method to en-hance the students'comprehensive cultural literacy and aesthetic cognition .

  12. [Innovative approach of teaching-learning of histology and embriology].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nazer, R M; Tellez, T E; Bassan, N D; D'Ottavio, A E

    1977-01-01

    The paper presents an innovative approach to the teaching-learning of histology and embryology. The traditional teaching of the subject in the Faculty of Medical Sciences of Rosario National University, Santa Fe, Rosario, Argentina, up to 1974 is subjected to critical analysis, and on this basis the need for the innovation is propounded and the method for applying it proposed. A detailed account is given of the theoretical framework of the experiment reported, of the general and specific objectives of the teaching-learning technique, and of the thematic units into which the curriculum was divided. In the teaching-learning plan followed--described in the article--the conventional professorial lecture and its accompanying practical demonstrations are replaced by round tables and theoretical-practical tasks requiring active involvement and integrating theory and practice, in which teams tackle problems under teacher coordination. It also provides for evaluation of the students, teachers and course and eliminates the conventional examination.

  13. PACS在中医院校影像科实习带教中的运用%Application of PACS in the clinical teaching of medical imaging in the college of Traditional Chinese Medicine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    鲍虹

    2012-01-01

    Medical imaging is a medical discipline with strong practicality.Picture archiving and transmission system ( PACS ) provides a convenient and effective method for the clinical teaching of diagnostic imaging,especially for the students from the University of Traditional Chinese Medicine.Applying PACS is more convenient to gain and manage typical images,more effective to study and teach individually and easier to probe novel method for medical imaging.%医学影像学是一门实践性很强的学科;图像存储与传输系统( Picture archiving and communication system,PACS)为影像诊断学的临床教学提供了便捷而行之有效的方法,便于教学资料的使用和管理,便于学生的自主学习及个体化教学辅导,还便于新的教学模式的探索和应用;在中医院校学生的临床教学中优势更为明显.

  14. Discussion about the influence and application of Problem-based learning in the teaching progress of traditional Chinese medicine%浅谈PBL教学模式在中医教学中的应用及影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    顾展丞; 万源; 戴建国

    2012-01-01

      PBL教学凭借其新颖的教学方式,在国内各大医学院校间广为应用,不少中医院校也顺应教改趋势尝试在中医教学中引进PBL教学模式,大大提高了学生的自主学习能力等综合素质。本文主要从PBL教学模式的应用现状出发,结合学生在学习中医课程时的不同心理,分析PBL教学模式的优越性。%  A new teaching mode called Problem-based Learning (PBL) , with its novel approach , has been applied by lots of medicine colleges . For conforming the trend of teaching-reform , Many traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) institutions also introduced PBL into TCM courses , and improved students' comprehensive quality like autonomous learning ability a lot . This article mainly analyse the advantage of PBL according to its current application and the different learning mentality of students.

  15. Emergency skills learning on video (ESLOV): A single-blinded randomized control trial of teaching common emergency skills using self-instruction video (SIV) versus traditional face-to-face (FTF) methods.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mohd Saiboon, Ismail; Jaafar, Mohd Johar; Ahmad, Nurul Saadah; Nasarudin, Nazhatul Muna Ahmad; Mohamad, Nabishah; Ahmad, Mohd Radhi; Gilbert, John H V

    2014-03-01

    Self-instruction video (SIV) has been widely explored as a teaching mode for cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and automated external defibrillation (AED), but not with other basic emergency skills. To evaluate the effectiveness of SIV in teaching other basic emergency skill in comparison with traditional face-to-face (FTF) methods. Participants were randomized into SIV and FTF groups. Each group was assigned to learn basic airway management (BAM), cervical collar application (CCA), manual cardiac defibrillation (MCD), and emergency extremity splinting (EES) skills. Confidence level was assessed using questionnaires, and skills performances were assessed using calibrated-blinded assessors through an Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE). Forty-five participants took part in the assessment exercises. There were no significant differences between both groups, on all four skill categories. The mean OSCE-score of an individual category between the FTF-group vs. the SIV-group were as follows: BAM (10.23 ± 1.04 vs. 10.04 ± 1.49; p = 0.62); CCA (7.86 ± 4.39 vs. 7.13 ± 4.12; p = 0.57); MCD (8.24 ± 0.89 vs. 7.58 ± 1.14; p = 0.39); EES (5.43 ± 2.11 vs. 4.63 ± 2.30; p = 0.23). The composite mean score for the FTF-group was 6.85, and for the SIV-group was 6.20 (p < 0.05). There was no significant different in the level of confidence for both groups. SIV is as effective as FTF in teaching and learning basic emergency skills.

  16. Problems and Countermeasures in Taekwondo Traditional Teaching Process——Taking Cross-kicking as an example%跆拳道传统教学过程存在的问题及对策研究——以横踢为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐光辉; 李丹丹

    2011-01-01

    The traditional teaching process is frequently used in Taekwondo teaching.But the legs' skills learned from the traditional process can not be transformed so effficiently from theoretical teaching to the real battle.According to the problems in the traditional teaching process,this paper puts forward some solutions in raising the efficiency of Taekwondo traditional teaching process.%跆拳道的传统教学过程是跆拳道教学过程中经常采用的一般过程,但是所学腿法从理论化标准到实战化标准却不是一个高效率的教学过程,文章针对传统教学过程存在的问题进行分析,并提出对策,为如何制定高效率教学过程提出自己的观点。

  17. The Teaching Artist: A Model for University Dance Teacher Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huddy, Avril; Stevens, Kym

    2011-01-01

    This paper describes a teaching model, "The Teaching Artist", developed to address the pedagogical and cultural divide between the traditional dance teacher and the dance artist who teaches: traditionally, one teaching about dance and the other, teaching through dance. The "Teaching Artist" model was developed through the…

  18. Aeronautical Information System Replacement -

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Transportation — Aeronautical Information System Replacement is a web-enabled, automation means for the collection and distribution of Service B messages, weather information, flight...

  19. Predicament and Outlet of Traditional Teaching Mode of Microeconomics Lecturing%微观经济学传统讲授教学模式的困境与出路

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈刚

    2015-01-01

    微观经济学是经管类本科生的第一门专业基础课,也是经济学入门课程,其课堂教学效果如何对于学生专业技能培养至关重要。当前微观经济学传统讲授教学模式偏重知识灌输,忽视经济学思维的提炼和展现,学生缺乏思维训练,师生互动少,总体教学效果不尽如人意。应当以经济学思维方式提炼为支点,思维展现为重点,思维内化为目标,立足微观经济学学科特性,推进教学模式创新,着力将经济学思维方式“内化”于学生思维结构之中,提升学生专业素养。%Absract:Microeconomics is the first specialized basic courses of economics and management undergraduates, and is an introductory course in economics , it ’s effects of classroom teaching are essential for students’ professional skills training. Under the traditional teaching mode of microeconomics, teachers weight towards instilling knowledge and ignore to refine and display the way of economic thinking, students are lack in training of thinking and interaction with teachers,so the teaching results are unsatisfactory. We should set the refining economic thinking as a pivot, the displaying economic thinking as a key point,and set the thinking internalization as a goal, then based on the microeconomics characteristics.We can promote the innovation of teaching mode,and focus on the?“Internalization” of thinking way to the structure of students thinking, so as to improve students’ professionalism.

  20. [Traditional and non-traditional curricula. Definitions and terminology].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lie, N

    1995-03-30

    Differences between traditional (conventional) and innovative curricula are described. Technical terms are defined or explained. In traditional tracks, basic and clinical sciences are studied separately. The students meet the first patient after several years. The education is mainly discipline-, teacher-, lecture- and hospital-based. In innovative programmes, basic sciences are taught throughout the study parallel with clinical subjects (vertical integration), and subjects from related disciplines are often taught concurrently (horizontal integration). The students meet patients from the first day at the university, participate from the first week in courses in clinical skills, and, after some months, attend continuity clinics in the community. Teaching is student-directed, problem-based and/or community-oriented, with several electives. Many of the strategies above are also used in traditional curricula. The main difference between traditional and innovative curricula is whether basic and clinical sciences are vertically integrated or not.

  1. Radiation Source Replacement Workshop

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Griffin, Jeffrey W.; Moran, Traci L.; Bond, Leonard J.

    2010-12-01

    This report summarizes a Radiation Source Replacement Workshop in Houston Texas on October 27-28, 2010, which provided a forum for industry and researchers to exchange information and to discuss the issues relating to replacement of AmBe, and potentially other isotope sources used in well logging.

  2. Effectiveness of teaching automated external defibrillators use using a traditional classroom instruction versus self-instruction video in non-critical care nurses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saiboon, Ismail M; Qamruddin, Reza M; Jaafar, Johar M; Bakar, Afliza A; Hamzah, Faizal A; Eng, Ho S; Robertson, Colin E

    2016-04-01

    To evaluate the effectiveness and retention of learning automated external defibrillator (AED) usage taught through a traditional classroom instruction (TCI) method versus a novel self instructed video (SIV) technique in non-critical care nurses (NCCN). A prospective single-blind randomized study was conducted over 7 months (April-October 2014) at the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Center, Kuala Lampur, Malaysia. Eighty nurses were randomized into either TCI or SIV instructional techniques. We assessed knowledge, skill and confidence level at baseline, immediate and 6-months post-intervention. Knowledge and confidence were assessed via questionnaire; skill was assessed by a calibrated and blinded independent assessor using an objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) method. Pre-test mean scores for knowledge in the TCI group was 10.87 ± 2.34, and for the SIV group was 10.37 ± 1.85 (maximum achievable score 20.00); 4.05 ± 2.87 in the TCI and 3.71 ± 2.66 in the SIV (maximum score 11.00) in the OSCE evaluation and 9.54 ± 3.65 in the TCI and 8.56 ± 3.47 in the SIV (maximum score 25.00) in the individual's personal confidence level. Both methods increased the mean scores significantly during immediate post-intervention (0-month). At 6-months, the TCI group scored lower than the SIV group in all aspects 11.13 ± 2.70 versus 12.95 ± 2.26 (p=0.03) in knowledge, 7.27 ± 1.62 versus 7.68 ± 1.73 (p=0.47) in the OSCE, and 16.40 ± 2.72 versus 18.82 ± 3.40 (p=0.03) in confidence level. In NCCN's, SIV is as good as TCI in providing the knowledge, competency, and confidence in performing AED defibrillation.

  3. Talking on integration of the core concept of the traditional Chinese medicine culture into the Marxism philosophy teaching%浅谈马克思主义哲学教学中融入中医药文化核心理念

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    熊亮; 易生富

    2011-01-01

    In order to strengthen and improve the ideological and political education, especially the Marxism philosophy teaching, it is necessary to integrate the core concept of the traditional Chinese medicine culture,as a teaching material, into the Marxism philosophy teaching. It has important significance not only for the pedagoguee particularly university students of traditional Chinese medical profession,but also for teaching in every colleges and universities, especially for teaching and education in traditional Chinese medical colleges.%为了加强和改进大学生思想政治教育特别是马克思主义哲学教育,有必要将中医药文化的核心理念作为教育素材融入到马克思主义哲学教育中,这不仅对于受教育者特别是中医药类专业的大学生,而且对各高等院校特别是中医药院校的教育教学具有重要意义.

  4. Active teaching methods, studying responses and learning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Hans Peter; Vigild, Martin Etchells; Thomsen, Erik Vilain;

    2010-01-01

    Students’ study strategies when exposed to activating teaching methods are measured, analysed and compared to study strategies in more traditional lecture-based teaching. The resulting learning outcome is discussed.......Students’ study strategies when exposed to activating teaching methods are measured, analysed and compared to study strategies in more traditional lecture-based teaching. The resulting learning outcome is discussed....

  5. Active teaching methods, studying responses and learning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Hans Peter; Vigild, Martin Etchells; Thomsen, Erik Vilain;

    Students’ study strategies when exposed to activating teaching methods are measured, analysed and compared to study strategies in more traditional lecture-based teaching.......Students’ study strategies when exposed to activating teaching methods are measured, analysed and compared to study strategies in more traditional lecture-based teaching....

  6. Active teaching methods, studying responses and learning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Hans Peter; Vigild, Martin Etchells; Thomsen, Erik Vilain

    Students’ study strategies when exposed to activating teaching methods are measured, analysed and compared to study strategies in more traditional lecture-based teaching.......Students’ study strategies when exposed to activating teaching methods are measured, analysed and compared to study strategies in more traditional lecture-based teaching....

  7. Active teaching methods, studying responses and learning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Hans Peter; Vigild, Martin Etchells; Thomsen, Erik Vilain

    2010-01-01

    Students’ study strategies when exposed to activating teaching methods are measured, analysed and compared to study strategies in more traditional lecture-based teaching. The resulting learning outcome is discussed.......Students’ study strategies when exposed to activating teaching methods are measured, analysed and compared to study strategies in more traditional lecture-based teaching. The resulting learning outcome is discussed....

  8. Educating My Replacement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tarter, Jill

    The search for extraterrestrial intelligence (SETI) could succeed tomorrow, decades from now, or never. The nature of this scientific exploration is such that we cannot predict success on any timescale; we only know that if we do not search, we cannot succeed. Having spent my scientific career in this field, I know perhaps better than anyone that the researchers of tomorrow may hold the key. Thus I have an enormous and vested interest in trying to educate the next generation of scientists. Because SETI excites such enthusiasm in young and old alike, I have an excellent opportunity to capture hearts and minds and leverage this interest into science education at many levels. Astrobiology is the new banner for inter- and cross-disciplinary investigations aimed at answering the big question "Are we alone?" The story of cosmic evolution is one that scientists at the SETI Institute have been telling for decades. We have used it as the framework for developing supplementary materials for elementary and middle schools called Life In The Universe. Currently we are tackling a year-long curriculum called Voyages Through Time for ninth grade students. This curriculum is delivered on CD-ROM and supported by the web. It focuses on evolution as a theme and stresses the contributions made from all the traditionally isolated branches of science --- and by the way, it's fun! I am a product of the post-Sputnik era and the American emphasis on science and engineering education. In the New York City bedroom community where I grew up, every school bond issue passed at every election. So I am appalled at the difficulties, the impecuniousness, and bureaucratic nonsense our pilot and field test teachers encounter on a daily basis. I am also overjoyed that even under such unreasonable conditions, I meet enthusiastic teachers who care about their students and are dedicated to helping them achieve the best possible education. Not all students will become scientists, nor should they. However

  9. 我国传统教学相长思想及其当代嬗变%Chinese Traditional Thought of Interactive between Teaching and Learning and Its Contemporary Evolution

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范远波

    2012-01-01

    The learning activities during the teaching procedure include teachers' and learners' learning. Chinese traditional thought of interactive between teaching and learning focuses on the former while the latter is being out of the sight. Quality Education cares the students' activities and its effect, while the students' improvement is not the teachers' imparting knowledge and the norms controlling , but it is the students' initiative to explore learning and develapment. The evolution of this concerns brings changes wisdom, and change from transfers,controller to stimulaters, of the teachers ' image. They turn their knowledge into appreciaters and consultants.%教学过程的学习活动包括教者的学习和学者的学习,我国传统教学相长思想只关注教者的学习,学者的学习处于教者的学习视野之外。素质教育下的教学相长关注学生的学习活动及其效果,学生的“长’’不是教师灌输知识、规范控制下的“长”,而是学生主动探究学习、寻求发展的“长”。这一关注点的转变带来了教学相长思想中教师形象的演变,教师从知识渊博者转为智慧者,从传授者、控制者转为激发者、欣赏者和咨询者。

  10. APPRENTICESHIP TEACHING: EPISTEMOLOGICAL CONCEPTS AND THEIR INFLUENCE ON TEACHING METHODS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcus Vinícius Medeiros de Araújo

    2014-06-01

    planning stage for the respective apprenticeship disciplines polarized teachers, with the majority adopting lectures and traditional teaching methods. The paper concludes that an empirical, epistemological approach is prevalent in teaching apprenticeships.

  11. Total hip replacement in dancers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buyls, Inge R A E; Rietveld, A B M Boni; Ourila, Tiia; Emerton, Mark E; Bird, H A

    2013-04-01

    A case report of a professional contemporary dancer who successfully returned to the stage after bilateral total hip replacements (THR) for osteoarthritis is presented, together with her own commentary and a retrospective cohort study of total hip replacements in dancers. In the presented cohort, there were no post-operative dislocations or infections, the original pain had been relieved, rehabilitation was objectively normal and all resumed their dance (teaching) activities. Nevertheless, they were disappointed about the prolonged rehabilitation. Due to their high demands as professional dancers, post-operative expectations were too optimistic in view of the usual quick and favourable results of THR in the older and less physically active, general population. In all dancers with unilateral osteoarthritis, the left hip was involved, which may reflect the tendency to use the left leg as standing leg and be suggestive that strenuous physical activity may lead to osteoarthritis. Better rehabilitation guidelines are needed for dancer patients undergoing THR, especially drawing their attention to realistic post-operative expectations.

  12. Five years of experience teaching pathology to dental students using the WebMicroscope

    OpenAIRE

    Lundin Mikael; Szymas Janusz

    2011-01-01

    Abstract Background We describe development and evaluation of the user-friendly web based virtual microscopy - WebMicroscope for teaching and learning dental students basic and oral pathology. Traditional students microscopes were replaced by computer workstations. Methods The transition of the basic and oral pathology courses from light to virtual microscopy has been completed gradually over a five-year period. A pilot study was conducted in academic year 2005/2006 to estimate the feasibilit...

  13. Application Study on Six Thinking Hats Thinking Mode in Clinical Teaching of Traditional Chinese Medicine%“六顶思考帽”思维方式在中医临床带教中应用探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁永利

    2016-01-01

    “六顶思考帽”的提出者是马耳他医学博士爱德华•德•波诺,其核心思想是建立一种积极热情、勇敢无畏且富有创造精神的科学思维模式。该模式采用白、红、绿、黑、黄、蓝六种颜色不同的帽子代表六种不同的思维模式。该文主要介绍了“六顶思考帽”的基本定义,阐述了“六顶思考帽”在中医临床带教中的应用,强调了多维思考的重要性,通过该文研究,最终实现中医临床研究的思考模式。%The presenter of six thinking hats is Malta medical doctor Edward de Bono, the core concept is to build a scien-tific thinking mode that is positive and enthusiastic, brave and full of creative spirit. The model adopts hats of six colors such as white, red, green, blank, yellow and blue to represent six thinking models. The paper mainly introduces the basic definition of six thinking hats, elaborates the application of six thinking hats in clinical teaching of traditional Chinese medicine and emphasizes the importance of multidimensional reflections, and the thinking model of the clinical research of traditional Chinese medicine will be finally realized by the research of this paper.

  14. Replacing a Missing Tooth

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... vessels in the tooth pulps are rather large. Drilling down these teeth for crowns may expose the ... porcelain replacement tooth is held in place by metal extensions cemented to the backs of the adjacent ...

  15. Hormone Replacement Therapy

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... before and during menopause, the levels of female hormones can go up and down. This can cause ... hot flashes and vaginal dryness. Some women take hormone replacement therapy (HRT), also called menopausal hormone therapy, ...

  16. Knee joint replacement

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... of your kneecap. Your kneecap is called the patella. The replacement part is usually made from a ... long. Then your surgeon will: Move your kneecap (patella) out of the way, then cut the ends ...

  17. Knee joint replacement - slideshow

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... this page: //medlineplus.gov/ency/presentations/100088.htm Knee joint replacement - series—Normal anatomy To use the ... to slide 4 out of 4 Overview The knee is a complex joint. It contains the distal ...

  18. Product Platform Replacements

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sköld, Martin; Karlsson, Christer

    2012-01-01

    Purpose – It is argued in this article that too little is known about product platforms and how to deal with them from a manager's point of view. Specifically, little information exists regarding when old established platforms are replaced by new generations in R&D and production environments...... originality and value is achieved by focusing on product platform replacements believed to represent a growing management challenge....

  19. 人工全踝关节置换与传统的踝关节融合术治疗踝关节骨关节炎的临床效果对比%Comparison of clinical effects of artificial total ankle replacement and traditional ankle fusion in treating ankle osteoarthritis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周伟; 黄松; 陈敬有; 李贺伟

    2016-01-01

    Objective To study the clinical effect of artificial total ankle replacement and traditional ankle fusion in the treatment of ankle osteoarthritis .Methods Eighty‐five patients with ankle osteoarthritis in our hospital from January 2012 to December 2015 were selected as the research subjects and randomly divided into observation group and control group .The two groups were respec‐tively treated by conducting the artificial total ankle replacement and traditional ankle fusion .The VAS ,AOFAS ,modified Mazur and McGuire scores before and after operation and therapeutic efficacies were compared between the two groups .Results The post‐operative VAS score in the two groups was significantly decreased ,moreover the VAS score in the observation group was signifi‐cantly lower than that in the control group;the postoperative AOFAS ,modified Mazur and McGuire scores in the two groups were significantly increased ,moreover which in the observation group were significantly higher than those in the control group;the AO‐FAS score excellent rates in the observation group and control group were 93 .33% and 77 .78% respectively ,which in the observa‐tion group was significantly higher than that in the control group ,moreover the differences were statistically significant (P<0 .05) . Conclusion Using the artificial total ankle arthroplasty for treating ankle osteoarthritis has significant advantages in the aspects of reducing pain and improving the ankle function and treatment efficacy .%目的:探究人工全踝关节置换与传统的踝关节融合术治疗踝关节骨关节炎的疗效。方法将2012年1月至2015年12月的85例踝关节骨关节炎患者作为研究对象,将其随机分成观察组与对照组,并分别进行人工全踝关节置换与传统的踝关节融合术治疗,比较两组手术前后的视觉模拟评分法(VAS )评分、美国足踝外科协会踝‐后足评分系统(AOFAS )评分、改良McGuir和Mazur评分以及治

  20. Total Hip Replacement

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... the help of a walking support and a physical therapist the day after surgery. In some cases, patients ... walking on the actual day of surgery. The physical therapist will teach you specific exercises to strengthen your ...

  1. Traditional Arts Knowledge, Traditional Ecological Lore: The Intersection of Art Education and Environmental Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bequette, James W.

    2007-01-01

    Teaching about Native artworks as part of school arts curriculum can serve to pass on traditional ecological knowledge while also contextualizing colonialism's influence on traditional and contemporary Native arts practices. This article explores how schools can actively engage in community arts partnerships with American Indians who have…

  2. On perceptive teaching in Chinese middle school English teaching

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    He Lifen

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The traditional Chinese English teaching mainly emphasizes the learners’ cognitive development, which is not adaptable to the modern English class. The research of perceptive teaching improves not only learners’ cognitive abilities but also their affective factors and helps learners develop their cognition and affect harmoniously. This thesis introduces the theoretical basis, instructional orders, principles, characteristics and objectives of perceptive teaching. Perceptive teaching can provide the middle school English teaching in China with some new principles and methods.

  3. MOOC背景下思政课传统课堂教学阵地的坚守%MOOC education courses under the background of traditional classroom teaching position

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周小玲

    2015-01-01

    MOOC combines network advantages in one, but as a kind of digital sign products, virtual and the dependence on the network, electricity, etc is the Achilles' heel, it makes the irregular, supervision, and order the learning environment of dispelling the self-conscious learning enthusiasm, cannot effectively to ensure the knowledge innovation, weaken the students' social practice ability, in its role in moral education aspect is not so good. On the contrary, the traditional classroom learning aura and unique atmosphere, the completion of the teaching task and the formation of students' healthy personality, to the knowledge of active learning, education, utilitarian impetuous breath boycott, effect is considerable. Political education class if can absorb MOOC reasonable elements and, as always, adhere to the practice teaching reform, must can let students voluntary to accept and develop socialist ideology.%MOOC集网络各种优势于一身,但作为一种数码符号产品,虚拟性以及对网络、电能等的依赖是它的致命伤,它打造的无规律、无监督和无秩序的学习环境消解了自觉学习的热情、不能有效确保知识的创新性、削弱了学生社会实践能力,它在德育方面作用的发挥还不尽人意。相反,传统课堂特有的学习气场和氛围,对教学任务的完成以及学生健康人格的形成、对知识点的活学活用、对教育浮躁、功利气息的抵制,作用相当大。思政课堂如果能够吸收MOOC合理元素并一如既往地坚持实践教学改革,必然能够让学生自觉自愿地接受与传承社会主义意识形态。

  4. 以问题为基础的教学法和传统教学法应用于骨科临床实习教学的比较研究%Effect of Problem-based Learning and Traditional Teaching Method on Practical Teaching of Orthopedic Surgery

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    聂海; 李开南; 李佳鸿; 安洪; 彭超; 白春宏

    2016-01-01

    Objective To compare the effect of problem-based learning (PBL) and traditional teaching method (lecture-based learning) on clinical practical teaching of orthopedic surgery.Methods Between May 2012 and December 2013,55 orthopedic interns were chosen to be divided into two groups:PBL group (n=29) and traditional lecture group (control group,n=26).Case report and examination on a completion of orthopedic surgery were used to assess the teaching outcomes.Results Performance differences in content of presentation and capability of answers to questions were significant between PBL group and the traditional group in the report test (P < 0.05).The test scores of case analysis examination in PBL group were significantly higher than those in the traditional lecture group (P < 0.05).There was no significant difference between the two groups in other types of questions (P > 0.05).Condusion The participants in PBL group have performed significantly better in culturing clinical thinking and comprehensive analysis,competence and in no circumstance did they perform worse than traditional lecture method.%目的 比较以问题为基础的教学法(PBL)和传统教学法在骨科实习教学中的效果,探索更适合骨科临床实习教学的教学方法.方法 选择2012年5月-2013年12月在骨科实习的五年制临床医学专业学生55人为研究对象,按实习批次随机分为PBL组(n=29)和传统教学组即对照组(n=26),PBL组采用PBL教学方法,对照组采用传统教学方法.采用病例报告和出科考试相结合的方法进行教学效果评估.结果 PBL组骨科实习生病例报告时报告内容和回答问题方面较传统教学组强(P<0.05);PBL组骨科实习生出科考试病例分析类型题得分明显高于对照组(P<0.05),其他类型题(非病例分析类选择题、名词解释、问答题)组间差异无统计学意义(P>0.05).结论 PBL教学法在培养骨科实习生临床思维和综合分析能力方面优于传统

  5. CREATIVE TEACHING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abd. Ghofur

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this writing is asking English teachers to make a creative teaching, to endeavor increasing their quality in teaching learning process. In these cas the classroom teacher can choose the methods and materials according to the needs of the learners, the preferences teacher, and the constrainst of the school or educational setting and the methods is considered in terms of its links to more general linguistics, psychological, or educational traditions. Finally it will enable teachers to become better informed about the nature, strengths, and weaknesses of methods and approaches so they can better arrive at their own judgement and decisions.

  6. Robotic mitral valve replacement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Senay, Sahin; Gullu, Ahmet Umit; Kocyigit, Muharrem; Degirmencioglu, Aleks; Karabulut, Hasan; Alhan, Cem

    2014-01-01

    Robotic surgical techniques allow surgeons to perform mitral valve surgery. This procedure has gained acceptance, particularly for mitral valve repair in degenerative mitral disease. However, mitral repair may not always be possible, especially in severely calcified mitral valve of rheumatic origin. This study demonstrates the basic concepts and technique of robotic mitral valve replacement for valve pathologies that are not suitable for repair.

  7. Replacing America's Job Bank

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vollman, Jim

    2009-01-01

    The Job Central National Labor Exchange (www.jobcentral.com) has become the effective replacement for America's Job Bank with state workforce agencies and, increasingly, with community colleges throughout the country. The American Association of Community Colleges (AACC) has formed a partnership with Job Central to promote its use throughout the…

  8. Replacing America's Job Bank

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vollman, Jim

    2009-01-01

    The Job Central National Labor Exchange (www.jobcentral.com) has become the effective replacement for America's Job Bank with state workforce agencies and, increasingly, with community colleges throughout the country. The American Association of Community Colleges (AACC) has formed a partnership with Job Central to promote its use throughout the…

  9. Research of teaching methods on medical statistics of undergraduate nurse students studying traditional Chinese medicine%中医护理本科生医学统计学教学方法探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴娟; 李国春; 董菊; 张军芳

    2011-01-01

    目的 探讨高校中医护理本科生对医学统计学课程的认知程度以及如何改进教学方法,开拓中医护理学生的统计学思维,从而促进中医护理科研水平的提高.方法 结合护理课题,运用启发学生学习兴趣的教学方法,采用自行设计的调查表,对南京中医药大学已完成医学统计学课程的大二中医护理学142名学生进行课程认知程度调查,对数据构成进行描述.结果 中医护理学学生认为统计学能够掌握好,90.1%已掌握统计的基本思想,51.4%的学生对将来科研没有想法和规划,有80.3%的学生在实验中已经认识到了变异和误差的存在,16.9%的学生认为中医护理相比西医护理存在劣势.大部分学生支持统计软件的学习,在已有的发表的论文中纠错或结合具体的课题练习数据成为学生更易接受的教学考查方式.结论 中医护理涉及内容广泛,前景广阔,提高学生的科研意识和数据处理水平很重要.中医数据相对复杂,深入开展医学统计的教学,培养护理学生的学习兴趣及积极性,结合具体的护理数据和课题以及统计软件教学是非常必要的.%Objective To explore the cognitive level of medical statistics course in undergraduate nurse students studying traditional Chinese medicine and the methods to improve the present teaching method,and to develop statistical thinking of students with the view of promoting the research level of students.Methods With the nursing project and teaching method of enlightening interesting,A self-designed questionnaire was used to survey the cognitive level of 142 undergraduate nurse students studying traditional Chinese medicine in Nanjing University of TCM,all of them had completed the medical statistics curricula.Results Total of 142 students were collected,most students had confidence in studying the course.90.1% students had gasped the basic thought,51.4% students did not think about the future

  10. 文言文教学中的以读代讲探析--以《醉翁亭记》为例%Analysis of Replacement of Talking by Reading in Classical Teaching--Take"Drunkard Pavilion"as an example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    付川

    2014-01-01

    Reading aloud is one of the important teaching methods of language teaching, since ancient times, the students in the learning process wore stuck reading. But the traditional language teaching teachers to explain is the highlight, read only a supporting role, and did not see the importance of reading aloud. So the author will talk about reading in language teaching in this article.%朗读是语文教学的重要教学方法之一,自古以来,学生在学习过程中都穿插着朗读。但是传统语文教学中教师的讲解才是重头戏,朗读只是配角,并没有看到朗读的重要性。因此笔者将在这篇文章中谈谈朗读在语文教学中的运用。

  11. Effective methods of teaching and learning in anatomy as a basic science: A BEME systematic review: BEME guide no. 44.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Losco, C Dominique; Grant, William D; Armson, Anthony; Meyer, Amanda J; Walker, Bruce F

    2017-03-01

    Anatomy is a subject essential to medical practice, yet time committed to teaching is on the decline, and resources required to teach anatomy is costly, particularly dissection. Advances in technology are a potential solution to the problem, while maintaining the quality of teaching required for eventual clinical application. To identify methods used to teach anatomy, including those demonstrated to enhance knowledge acquisition and retention. PubMed, CINAHL, ERIC, Academic OneFile, ProQuest, SAGE journals and Scopus were search from the earliest entry of each database to 31 August 2015. All included articles were assessed for methodological quality and low quality articles were excluded from the study. Studies were evaluated by assessment scores, qualitative outcomes where included as well as a modified Kirkpatrick model. A total of 17,820 articles were initially identified, with 29 included in the review. The review found a wide variety of teaching interventions represented in the range of studies, with CAI/CAL studies predominating in terms of teaching interventions, followed by simulation. In addition to this, CAI/CAL and simulation studies demonstrated better results overall compared to traditional teaching methods and there is evidence to support CAI/CAL as a partial replacement for dissection or a valuable tool in conjunction with dissection. This review provides evidence in support of the use of alternatives to traditional teaching methods in anatomy, in particular, the use of CAI/CAL with a number of high quality, low risk of bias studies supporting this.

  12. Study on Combination of Primary and Secondary School Teacher Training in Teaching of Traditional Opera and Music Education in Normal Universities%中小学戏曲教学的师资培养与高师音乐教育对接研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    段桥生; 米瑞玲

    2012-01-01

    Traditional opera is a kind of comprehensive arts collecting clothing,makeup,acting,dancing,singing,martial arts,acrobatics and many other performance skills.Through learning traditional opera can help primary and secondary school students rich their historical knowledge,strengthen their national pride and enhance their appreciation of arts.In today's rapid development of compulsory education,it is an important research topic for current music educators in normal universities to study how to train primary and secondary school teachers both qualified in general music teaching and in teaching of traditional opera and the effective combination of music teaching in normal universities and the "Teaching of Traditional Opera" in primary and secondary schools.%戏曲是一门集服装、化妆、表演、舞蹈、歌唱、武术、杂技等诸多表演技能和技巧于一体的综合艺术。中小学生学习戏曲艺术有助于丰富历史知识,增强民族自豪感和培养、提高艺术鉴赏能力。在义务教育飞速发展的今天,研究高校音乐院系如何培养既能胜任普通音乐教学又能从事戏曲教学的中小学合格教师,使高师音乐教学与中小学"戏曲教学"有效对接是当前高师音乐教育工作中急需解决的一个重要研究课题。

  13. Exploration on Bilingual Teaching Model of Analytical Chemistry Theory Course and Experiment Course for Traditional Chinese Medicine Specialty%中药学专业分析化学及其实验双语教学新模式探索

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    夏林波; 陈晓霞; 王巍; 宋爽

    2011-01-01

    分析化学及其实验课程实行双语教学对提高学生的专业知识和英语水平有着重要的现实意义.本论文对中药学专业分析化学及其实验双语教学新模式进行相关探索,为今后进一步深化教学改革提供线索和依据.%Bilingual teaching in the Analytical Chemistry theory course and experiment course is very important to increase students' professional knowledge and improve their English.In this article, some explorations on bilingual teaching model of Analytical Chemistry theory course and experiment course for Traditional Chinese Medicine specialty was carried out by author.It might provide some important clues and basis for further deepening the reform of teaching in the future.

  14. 基于计算思维的中医院校《Visual Basic程序设计》课程的教学研究%Research on the Visual Basic Program Design Course Teaching in Traditional Chinese Medicine Colleges Based on Computational Thinking

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李丹

    2014-01-01

    Computational thinking is currently a hot spot in the research on international and domestic computer education field. Guided by the computational thinking, how to effectively organize university computer teaching courses, has gradually become the focus of the colleges and universities teachers' teaching research topic. Introduces the importance of training student's computational thinking in the courses of basic computer teaching in traditional Chinese medicine colleges, analyzes the current status of traditional Chinese medicine colleges in the promotion of computational thinking, and from the teaching content, teaching ideas and teaching methods illustrate views for the goal which cultivate the computational thinking ability .%计算思维已成为目前国际、国内计算机教育界研究关注的热点。以“计算思维”为导向,如何有效组织大学计算机课程教学,已逐渐成为各大高校计算机教师教学研究的重点课题。主要介绍在中医学院校计算机基础课程教学中培养学生计算思维的重要性,分析当前中医院校在推广“计算思维”过程中所处的现状,然后从教学内容、教学理念和教学方法等方面阐述以培养中医学生“计算思维”能力为目标的几点看法。

  15. Suggestions for Teaching Practice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHAN Na-na

    2013-01-01

    Teacher development and teaching practice(TP) have caught the eyes of researchers at home and abroad for many years. Many western scholars hold that reflective teaching is an efficient way to promote teacher development, but traditional TP is prevailing in China. Based on the merits and demerits of traditional TP and reflective TP, the author hopes to provide some suggestions for the people involved to promote the development of teacher education.

  16. The repositioning of literature in French foreign language teaching ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The repositioning of literature in French foreign language teaching in South Africa: ... a disciplinary tradition evident in both corpus and teaching methods. ... themselves from traditional approaches in their shift from text-centredness to ...

  17. On Teaching Natural Law.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Forte, David F.

    1978-01-01

    A brief look at Columbia, Harvard, and Notre Dame law schools shows that the American tradition in teaching natural law has not been strong. The value of teaching natural law is discussed, a separate course or seminar is seen as the most effective option, and a selection of available sources for such a course is appended. (JMD)

  18. Image Processing for Teaching.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Greenberg, R.; And Others

    1993-01-01

    The Image Processing for Teaching project provides a powerful medium to excite students about science and mathematics, especially children from minority groups and others whose needs have not been met by traditional teaching. Using professional-quality software on microcomputers, students explore a variety of scientific data sets, including…

  19. Rosenak "Teaching Jewish Values"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Resnick, David

    2014-01-01

    Rosenak's "Teaching Jewish Values" (1986) is perhaps his most accessible book about Jewish education. After diagnosing the "diseases" of Jewish education, he endorses "teaching Jewish values" as the curricular strategy most likely to succeed given the chasm which divides traditional Jewish subject matter and the…

  20. On Communicative Language Teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang Ya-rong; Ma Ya-li

    2014-01-01

    In traditional language classroom, learners are taught mainly about language and its rules.They learn facts about language, rather than how to use it communicatively and how to cooperate with others.To help learners put language into active use, it’s recognized communicative language teaching is needed in language learning and teaching.

  1. On Communicative Language Teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang; Ya-rong; Ma; Ya-li

    2014-01-01

    In traditional language classroom,learners are taught mainly about language and its rules.They learn facts about language,rather than how to use it communicatively and how to cooperate with others.To help learners put language into active use,it’s recognized communicative language teaching is needed in language learning and teaching.

  2. Rosenak "Teaching Jewish Values"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Resnick, David

    2014-01-01

    Rosenak's "Teaching Jewish Values" (1986) is perhaps his most accessible book about Jewish education. After diagnosing the "diseases" of Jewish education, he endorses "teaching Jewish values" as the curricular strategy most likely to succeed given the chasm which divides traditional Jewish subject matter and the…

  3. Integrating Communicative Approaches with Traditional Approaches in ELT

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈超

    2013-01-01

    Traditional y, English teaching in China is dominated by a teacher-centered, grammar-translation and audio-lingual method and an emphasis on rote learning. In an attempt to find out what are the most appropriate teaching methods for Chinese students in schools, the paper presents that the best method is to integrate communicative approaches to the teaching of English with traditional Chinese methods. It shows that integrating communicative approaches with the traditional approaches can real y help the students develop their communicative competence.

  4. Improving Learning in a Traditional, Large-Scale Science Module with a Simple and Efficient Learning Design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Godsk, Mikkel

    2014-01-01

    the impact on teaching and learning in terms of how the teacher and the students used the materials and the impact on the students’ performance and satisfaction. The article concludes that replacing face-to-face lectures with webcasts and online activities has the potential to improve learning in terms......This article presents the experiences and results of using a simple learning design for transforming a traditional, large-scale, face-to-face science module in calculus into blended learning where all face-to-face lectures were replaced by webcasts and online activities. The article presents...... of a better student performance, higher student satisfaction, and a higher degree of flexibility for the students. In addition, the article discusses implications of using learning design for educational development, how learning design may help breaking with the perception that facilitating blended learning...

  5. ESP教学理念下的中医药院校大学英语翻译教学模式研究%On the Teaching Mode of College English Translation in Colleges and Universities of Traditional Chinese Medicine in view of ESP

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐静

    2015-01-01

    本文结合中医药院校大学英语翻译教学的现状和专门用途英语教学理念,分析了中医药院校大学英语翻译教学的必要性,提出开设中医药翻译课程,并在明确教学大纲、引进和编写中医药翻译教材、采取合作教学等方面进行了探讨。%Based on the current situation of the college English translation education in the col-leges and universities of Traditional Chinese Medicine ( TCM) , this paper analyzes the necessity of combining college English translation teaching with the teaching philosophy of English for Specific Purposes ( ESP ) , proposes to establish the TCM Translation Course, and explores the teaching mode from several aspects, including the teaching syllabus, the introduction and compiling of related textbooks, and the interdisciplinary cooperative teaching.

  6. THE CONCEPT OF COMMUNICATIVE COMPETENCE AND ITS IMPLICATICNS FOR TEACHING

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张小海

    2000-01-01

    These: The developing of communicative competence is maintained as the goal of language teaching, however,the application of its theories to English language teaching are greatly hindered by the traditional method and teaching situation in middle schol.

  7. Determining the relationship between students' scores using traditional homework assignments to those who used assignments on a non-traditional interactive CD with tutor helps

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tinney, Charles Evan

    2007-12-01

    By using the book "Physics for Scientists and Engineers" by Raymond A. Serway as a guide, CD problem sets for teaching a calculus-based physics course were developed, programmed, and evaluated for homework assignments during the 2003-2004 academic year at Utah State University. These CD sets were used to replace the traditionally handwritten and submitted homework sets. They included a research-based format that guided the students through problem-solving techniques using responseactivated helps and suggestions. The CD contents were designed to help the student improve his/her physics problem-solving skills. The analyzed score results showed a direct correlation between the scores obtained on the homework and the students' time spent per problem, as well as the number of helps used per problem.

  8. Tradition and Renewal in Contemporary Orthodox Theology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marios Begzos

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available This text presents the challenges that the modern world poses for the Orthodox Church. In every historical period, the Church has struggled with internal and external problems. While preserving its traditions and historical foundations, the theology of the Orthodox Church struggles with contemporary problems by showing the current, contemporary teaching about God, man and the world.

  9. Challenging the Traditional/Communicative Dichotomy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beaumont, Mike; Chang, Kyung-Suk

    2011-01-01

    The primary aim of this paper is to explore a common dichotomy that characterizes debate about what has come to be termed "appropriate methodology". It is that between "traditional" and "communicative" approaches to language teaching, a distinction that persists despite arguments by some that the term…

  10. The Traditionally Black Colleges. 1966-1972.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wright, Stephen J.

    This document reviews the literature concerning traditionally black colleges. Emphasis is placed on history, governance and administration, teaching and educational programs, facilities, financial problems and support, students, the black university, and the future and raison d'etre for black colleges. An extensive bibliography is included. (MJM)

  11. Comparisons of Traditionally and Alternatively Trained Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sindelar, Paul T.; Daunic, Ann; Rennells, Mary Sue

    2004-01-01

    In this article, we present findings from a comparative study of 3 teacher preparation prototypes: traditional, university-district partnership, and district add-on programs. Samples of program graduates were observed during their 1st year of teaching using the Praxis III assessment. A larger sample completed a follow-up questionnaire assessing…

  12. Aortic valve replacement

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kapetanakis, Emmanouil I; Athanasiou, Thanos; Mestres, Carlos A

    2008-01-01

    BACKGROUND AND AIMS OF THE STUDY: Prompted by anecdotal evidence and observations by surgeons, an investigation was undertaken into the potential differences in implanted aortic valve prosthesis sizes, during aortic valve replacement (AVR) procedures, between northern and southern European...... countries. METHODS: A multi-institutional, non-randomized, retrospective analysis was conducted among 2,932 patients who underwent AVR surgery at seven tertiary cardiac surgery centers throughout Europe. Demographic and perioperative variables including valve size and type, body surface area (BSA) and early...

  13. Total ankle joint replacement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-02-01

    Ankle arthritis results in a stiff and painful ankle and can be a major cause of disability. For people with end-stage ankle arthritis, arthrodesis (ankle fusion) is effective at reducing pain in the shorter term, but results in a fixed joint, and over time the loss of mobility places stress on other joints in the foot that may lead to arthritis, pain and dysfunction. Another option is to perform a total ankle joint replacement, with the aim of giving the patient a mobile and pain-free ankle. In this article we review the efficacy of this procedure, including how it compares to ankle arthrodesis, and consider the indications and complications.

  14. The Optimum Replacement of Weapon

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Xiao; ZHANG Jin-chun

    2002-01-01

    The theory of LCC (Life Cycle Cost) is applied in this paper. The relation between the economic life of weapon and the optimum replacement is analyzed. The method to define the optimum replacement time of weapon is discussed.

  15. Power Plant Replacement Study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Reed, Gary

    2010-09-30

    This report represents the final report for the Eastern Illinois University power plant replacement study. It contains all related documentation from consideration of possible solutions to the final recommended option. Included are the economic justifications associated with the chosen solution along with application for environmental permitting for the selected project for construction. This final report will summarize the results of execution of an EPC (energy performance contract) investment grade audit (IGA) which lead to an energy services agreement (ESA). The project includes scope of work to design and install energy conservation measures which are guaranteed by the contractor to be self‐funding over its twenty year contract duration. The cost recovery is derived from systems performance improvements leading to energy savings. The prime focus of this EPC effort is to provide a replacement solution for Eastern Illinois University’s aging and failing circa 1925 central steam production plant. Twenty‐three ECMs were considered viable whose net impact will provide sufficient savings to successfully support the overall project objectives.

  16. Total disc replacement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vital, J-M; Boissière, L

    2014-02-01

    Total disc replacement (TDR) (partial disc replacement will not be described) has been used in the lumbar spine since the 1980s, and more recently in the cervical spine. Although the biomechanical concepts are the same and both are inserted through an anterior approach, lumbar TDR is conventionally indicated for chronic low back pain, whereas cervical TDR is used for soft discal hernia resulting in cervicobrachial neuralgia. The insertion technique must be rigorous, with precise centering in the disc space, taking account of vascular anatomy, which is more complex in the lumbar region, particularly proximally to L5-S1. All of the numerous studies, including prospective randomized comparative trials, have demonstrated non-inferiority to fusion, or even short-term superiority regarding speed of improvement. The main implant-related complication is bridging heterotopic ossification with resulting loss of range of motion and increased rates of adjacent segment degeneration, although with an incidence lower than after arthrodesis. A sufficiently long follow-up, which has not yet been reached, will be necessary to establish definitively an advantage for TDR, particularly in the cervical spine. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  17. REPLACEMENT OF FRENCH CARDS

    CERN Multimedia

    HR/SOC

    2001-01-01

    The French Ministry of Foreign Affairs has informed the Organization that it is shortly to replace all diplomatic cards, special cards and employment permits ('attestations de fonctions') now held by members of the personnel and their families. Between 2 July and 31 December 2001, these cards are to be replaced by secure, computerized equivalents. The old cards may continue to be used until 31 December 2001. For the purposes of the handover, members of the personnel must go personally to the cards office (33/1-015), in order to fill in a 'fiche individuelle' form, taking the following documents for themselves and members of their families already in possession of a French card : A recent identity photograph in 4.5 cm x 3.5 cm format. The French card in their possession. An A4 photocopy of the same French card, certified by the cards office as being a true copy. Those members of the personnel whose cards (and/or cards belonging to members of their families) are shortly due to expire, or have recently done...

  18. REPLACEMENT OF FRENCH CARDS

    CERN Multimedia

    Human Resources Division; Cards.Service@cern.ch

    2001-01-01

    The French Ministry of Foreign Affairs is currently replacing all diplomatic cards, special cards and employment permits («attestations de fonctions») held by members of the personnel and their families. These cards are replaced by secure, computerized equivalents. The old cards may no longer be used after 31 December 2001. For the purposes of the handover, members of the personnel must go personally to the cards office (33/1-015) between 8h30 and 12h30, in order to fill in a «fiche individuelle» form, taking the following documents for themselves and members of their families already in possession of a French card : A recent identity photograph in 4.5 cm x 3.5 cm format, the French card in their possession, an A4 photocopy of the same French card, certified by the cards office as being a true copy. Those members of the personnel whose cards (and/or cards belonging to members of their families) are shortly due to expire, or have recently done so, are also requested...

  19. REPLACEMENT OF FRENCH CARDS

    CERN Multimedia

    Human Resources Division

    2001-01-01

    The French Ministry of Foreign Affairs has informed the Organization that it is shortly to replace all diplomatic cards, special cards and employment permits ('attestations de fonctions') now held by members of the personnel and their families. Between 2 July and 31 December 2001, these cards are to be replaced by secure, computerized equivalents. The old cards may continue to be used until 31 December 2001. For the purposes of the handover, members of the personnel are asked to go to the cards office (33/1-015), taking the following documents for themselves and members of their families already in possession of a French card : A recent identity photograph in 4.5 cm x 3.5 cm format, The French card in their possession, an A4 photocopy of the same French card, certified by the cards office as being a true copy. Those members of the personnel whose cards (and/or cards belonging to members of their families) are shortly due to expire, or have recently done so, are also requested to take these items to the c...

  20. REPLACEMENT OF FRENCH CARDS

    CERN Multimedia

    Human Resources Division

    2001-01-01

    The French Ministry of Foreign Affairs has informed the Organization that it is shortly to replace all diplomatic cards, special cards and employment permits ('attestations de fonctions') now held by members of the personnel and their families. Between 2 July and 31 December 2001, these cards are to be replaced by secure, computerized equivalents. A 'personnel office' stamped photocopy of the old cards may continue to be used until 31 December 2001. For the purposes of the handover, members of the personnel must go personally to the cards office (33/1-015), between 8:30 and 12:30, in order to fill a 'fiche individuelle' form (in black ink only), which has to be personally signed by themselves and another separately signed by members of their family, taking the following documents for themselves and members of their families already in possession of a French card : A recent identity photograph in 4.5 cm x 3.5 cm format (signed on the back) The French card in their possession an A4 photocopy of the same Fre...

  1. Power Plant Replacement Study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Reed, Gary

    2010-09-30

    This report represents the final report for the Eastern Illinois University power plant replacement study. It contains all related documentation from consideration of possible solutions to the final recommended option. Included are the economic justifications associated with the chosen solution along with application for environmental permitting for the selected project for construction. This final report will summarize the results of execution of an EPC (energy performance contract) investment grade audit (IGA) which lead to an energy services agreement (ESA). The project includes scope of work to design and install energy conservation measures which are guaranteed by the contractor to be self-funding over its twenty year contract duration. The cost recovery is derived from systems performance improvements leading to energy savings. The prime focus of this EPC effort is to provide a replacement solution for Eastern Illinois University's aging and failing circa 1925 central steam production plant. Twenty-three ECMs were considered viable whose net impact will provide sufficient savings to successfully support the overall project objectives.

  2. Faster Replacement Paths

    CERN Document Server

    Williams, Virginia Vassilevska

    2010-01-01

    The replacement paths problem for directed graphs is to find for given nodes s and t and every edge e on the shortest path between them, the shortest path between s and t which avoids e. For unweighted directed graphs on n vertices, the best known algorithm runtime was \\tilde{O}(n^{2.5}) by Roditty and Zwick. For graphs with integer weights in {-M,...,M}, Weimann and Yuster recently showed that one can use fast matrix multiplication and solve the problem in O(Mn^{2.584}) time, a runtime which would be O(Mn^{2.33}) if the exponent \\omega of matrix multiplication is 2. We improve both of these algorithms. Our new algorithm also relies on fast matrix multiplication and runs in O(M n^{\\omega} polylog(n)) time if \\omega>2 and O(n^{2+\\eps}) for any \\eps>0 if \\omega=2. Our result shows that, at least for small integer weights, the replacement paths problem in directed graphs may be easier than the related all pairs shortest paths problem in directed graphs, as the current best runtime for the latter is \\Omega(n^{2.5...

  3. Power Plant Replacement Study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Reed, Gary

    2010-09-30

    This report represents the final report for the Eastern Illinois University power plant replacement study. It contains all related documentation from consideration of possible solutions to the final recommended option. Included are the economic justifications associated with the chosen solution along with application for environmental permitting for the selected project for construction. This final report will summarize the results of execution of an EPC (energy performance contract) investment grade audit (IGA) which lead to an energy services agreement (ESA). The project includes scope of work to design and install energy conservation measures which are guaranteed by the contractor to be self-funding over its twenty year contract duration. The cost recovery is derived from systems performance improvements leading to energy savings. The prime focus of this EPC effort is to provide a replacement solution for Eastern Illinois University’s aging and failing circa 1925 central steam production plant. Twenty-three ECMs were considered viable whose net impact will provide sufficient savings to successfully support the overall project objectives.

  4. Comparison between poly hydroxy acrylic acid and Van-clear replacing the tradi-tional reagents to detect the cervical hTERC genes by adopting FISH technique%聚羟基丙烯酸和Van-clear替代传统试剂在FIS H法检测宫颈h TERC基因中的应用比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈志强; 代新珍; 王莹; 米贤军; 陈昂; 黄华勇; 钟守军; 邓文同; 刘超凡; 徐秀梅

    2016-01-01

    目的:观察环保固定液(聚羟基丙烯酸、环保透明脱蜡液Van-clear单独或联合)替代传统固定液[4%(体积分数)中性缓冲甲醛、传统透明脱蜡液二甲苯]应用于荧光原位杂交(fluorescence in situ hybridization,FISH)法检测宫颈组织中人端粒酶核糖核酸组分(human telomerase RNA component,hTERC)基因扩增的差异。方法:收集2013年3月到2015年4月于中山市博爱医院妇科住院部送检的255例宫颈组织标本,同一病变部位切取4个样本,分为4组,命名为A、B、C、D组:A组采用4%中性缓冲甲醛固定、二甲苯透明脱蜡制作切片;B组采用聚羟基丙烯酸固定、二甲苯透明脱蜡制作切片;C组采用4%中性缓冲甲醛固定、Van-clear透明脱蜡制作切片;D组采用聚羟基丙烯酸固定、Van-clear透明脱蜡制作切片。采用FISH技术检测4组宫颈标本中hTERC基因。结果:在FISH法检测宫颈各级病变组织hTERC基因时,荧光显微镜下,A、B、C、D四组的组织轮廓和背景均清晰,探针定位准确,可见耀眼的红/绿荧光信号。B、C、D组与A组阳性率相比差异均无统计学意义(P>0.05),且FISH结果符合率高。结论:环保试剂聚羟基丙烯酸、Van-clear有潜在的可能单独或联合替代4%中性缓冲甲醛、二甲苯应用于FISH法检测宫颈hTERC基因。%Objective:To observe the difference of the human telomeres RNA component (hTERC) genes’amplification in the cervical tissue by applying the environment-friendly fixative poly hydroxy acrylic acid and the transparent dewaxing solution Van-clear separately or jointly to replace the traditional fixative 4% (volume fraction)neutral buffered formalin and the conventional transparent dewaxing solu-tion xylene in the use of fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH)for detection.Methods:In the study, 255 cases of cervical tissue specimens submitted by the Department of Gynecology

  5. Alternatives to traditional transportation fuels 1993

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1995-01-01

    In recent years, gasoline and diesel fuel have accounted for about 80 percent of total transportation fuel and nearly all of the fuel used in on-road vehicles. Growing concerns about the environmental effects of fossil fuel use and the Nation`s high level of dependence on foreign oil are providing impetus for the development of replacements or alternatives for these traditional transportation fuels. (The Energy Policy Act of 1992 definitions of {open_quotes}replacement{close_quotes} and {open_quotes}alternative{close_quotes} fuels are presented in the following box.) The Alternative Motor Fuels Act of 1988, the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 (CAAA90) and the Energy Policy Act of 1992 (EPACT) are significant legislative forces behind the growth of replacement fuel use. Alternatives to Traditional Transportation Fuels 1993 provides the number of on-road alternative fueled vehicles in use in the United States, alternative and replacement fuel consumption, and information on greenhouse gas emissions resulting from the production, delivery, and use of replacement fuels for 1992, 1993, and 1995.

  6. 肠内营养用于术前肠道准备对结直肠癌患者腹腔和肠腔脱落癌细胞及复发转移的影响%Effect of enteral nutrition as replacement of traditional bowel preparation on the intraperitoneal and intraluminal disseminated tumor cells, recurrence and metastasis in patients with colorectal cancer

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘彦; 陶凯雄; 王国斌; 卢昕; 李晓辉; 黄洋; 叶芳

    2013-01-01

    Objective To study the effect of enteral nutrition as replacement of mechanical bowel preparation on peritoneal and intraluminal disseminated tumor cells,recurrence and metastasis in patients with colorectal cancer.Methods A total of 120 colorectal cancer patients between March 2007and December 2011 were enrolled prospectively and randomly divided into two groups.Group A(n=60)received preoperative bowel preparation with enteral nutrition fluid(30 ml·kg-1·d-1),without enema,taxative or antibiotics.Group B (n=60)underwent traditional intestinal preparation consecutively 3 days before operation,including fasting,oral antibiotic,and cleaning enema.All the patients received peritoneal lavage with 400 ml of normal saline at the time of laparotomy and 200 ml of the lavage fluid was collected.All the cases underwent distal colorectal lavage with 1000 ml of normal saline before anastomosis,and 500 ml of the lavage fluid was collected.Fluid samples were quickly sent for exfoliated cytological examination.The positive rates of exfoliated cancer cell in peritoneal cavity and intraluminal cavity,postoperative complication,recurrence and metastasis were compared between the two groups.Results In group A,exfoliated cancer cells were found in 5 of 60 cases (8.3%) in peritoneal lavage fluid and in 9 of 60 cases(15.0%) in distal colorectal lavage fluid,while in group B,cancer cells were found in 13 of 60 cases(12.5%) and 19 of 60 cases(31.7%) respectively.There were significant differences between group A and B(P=0.041,P=0.031).Fifty-five patients in group A were followed up from16 to 46 months after surgery,as well 57 patients in group B.Rates of lacal recurrence and distant metastasis in Group A and B were 5.5% vs.7.0% and 10.9% vs.10.5% respectively.There were no significant differences(P=0.733,P=0.984).There was no significant difference in 3-year survival rate between the two groups(80% vs.78%,P=0.312).Conclusions Enteral nutrition instead of traditional

  7. Activating teaching methods, studying responses and learning

    OpenAIRE

    Christensen, Hans Peter; Vigild, Martin E.; Thomsen, Erik; Szabo, Peter; Horsewell, Andy

    2009-01-01

    Students’ study strategies when exposed to activating teaching methods are measured, analysed and compared to study strategies in more traditional lecture-based teaching. The resulting learning outcome is discussed. Peer Reviewed

  8. A Combination of the Traditional Methods with Communicative Approach in ELT

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨晓丽

    2002-01-01

    For sometime, English Language teaching (ELT)in China has been undergoing a heated discussion as to the best way of teaching. Some think that the communicative approach is inappropriate while others think that the traditional methods are too old- fashioned. This is the case for English Language teaching in China. This paper intends to show that both the communicative approach and the traditional methods can coexist and influence cach other in the present Chinese teaching context.

  9. A Teaching Method for Replacing FLASH with HTML5 in Mobile Internet Development%移动互联网开发中HTML5实现FLASH功能的教学方法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁林慎

    2015-01-01

    Study the method of teach students to implement FLASH effects using HTML5 in mobile device. Firstly explained the reason why we have to do this thing. Secondly, teach students to implement four typical effects of FLASH using HTML 5, and finally introduce a novel method to make students deepen the understanding by using the W3School TIY platform.%研究如何在课堂上讲授用HTML5实现FLASH功能的教学方法,教学思路是首先说明在移动互联网开发中HTML5实现FLASH功能的必要性,接着讲授用HTML5实现FLASH的四个典型功能的方法,最后提出一种加深学生对知识深刻理解的教学方法:在W3School TIY平台上演示教学内容。

  10. Toleration, Synthesis or Replacement?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holtermann, Jakob v. H.; Madsen, Mikael Rask

    2016-01-01

    to have considerable problems keeping a clear focus on the key question: What are the implications of this empirical turn in terms of philosophy of legal science, of the social understanding of IL, and, not least, of the place of doctrinal scholarship after the alleged Wende? What is needed, we argue......, in order to answer is not yet another partisan suggestion, but rather an attempt at making intelligible both the oppositions and the possibilities of synthesis between normative and empirical approaches to law. Based on our assessment and rational reconstruction of current arguments and positions, we...... therefore outline a taxonomy consisting of the following three basic, ideal-types in terms of the epistemological understanding of the interface of law and empirical studies: toleration, synthesis and replacement. This tripartite model proves useful with a view to teasing out and better articulating...

  11. Vocabulary Teaching Strategies in College

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张爱荣

    2009-01-01

    We all focus on the students' abilities of listening, speaking, wading, writing and translating in college teaching. But actually, it is nothing without vocabulary. Thus, vocabulary teaching is an essential part in English teaching. However, seme traditional teaching takes vocabuhury out from the context, which costs a lot of time and energy, but students are involved in the dull circle of memorizing to forgetting to memorizing again. Finally, they lose their patience on English learning and maybe give it up. In this paper, we discuss some vocabulary teaching strategies, so as to help the memorizing of vocabulary and enhance the efficiency of vocabulary teaching and learning.

  12. Traditional Agriculture and Permaculture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pierce, Dick

    1997-01-01

    Discusses benefits of combining traditional agricultural techniques with the concepts of "permaculture," a framework for revitalizing traditions, culture, and spirituality. Describes school, college, and community projects that have assisted American Indian communities in revitalizing sustainable agricultural practices that incorporate…

  13. by traditional bonesetters.

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    union of fractures, and devitalized limbs previously treated by traditional bone ... quantified in terms of money, physical disab lity, emotional disturbance, and .... Soyanwo B: Some aspects of traditional therapy in Yorubaland. DOKITA 362(3) ...

  14. Traditional Agriculture and Permaculture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pierce, Dick

    1997-01-01

    Discusses benefits of combining traditional agricultural techniques with the concepts of "permaculture," a framework for revitalizing traditions, culture, and spirituality. Describes school, college, and community projects that have assisted American Indian communities in revitalizing sustainable agricultural practices that incorporate…

  15. Traditional Agriculture and Permaculture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pierce, Dick

    1997-01-01

    Discusses benefits of combining traditional agricultural techniques with the concepts of "permaculture," a framework for revitalizing traditions, culture, and spirituality. Describes school, college, and community projects that have assisted American Indian communities in revitalizing sustainable agricultural practices that incorporate cultural…

  16. Teaching Language, Teaching Culture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liddicoat, Anthony J., Ed.; Crozet, Chantal, Ed.

    1997-01-01

    Essays and research reports on the relationship between teaching second languages and teaching culture include: "Teaching Culture as an Integrated Part of Language Teaching: An Introduction" (Chantal Crozet, Anthony J. Liddicoat); "Primary Socialization and Cultural Factors in Second Language Learning: Wending Our Way through Semi-Charted…

  17. 网络式CBL与传统CBL教学法在八年制医学教学中效果的比较%The Comparison Analysis on the Effects Between Network Case-based Learning and Traditional Case-based Learning Teaching Methods in Medical Education of Eight Years

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赖蓓; 王钱; 陈颖娟; 高芳; 潘小静; 郝晶; 何青

    2016-01-01

    目的:比较网络(Web)式基于病例(CBL)学习教学法与传统式CBL教学法在医学教学中的应用效果。方法以40名八年制医学生为研究对象,随机分为实验组及对照组,实验组采用Web式CBL教学法,对照组采用传统CBL教学法。两组对同一个“干燥综合征”病例进行2学时的学习,记录课堂发言次数,以评价课堂参与度;以闭卷考试成绩评估学生知识掌握程度;以调查问卷了解学生临床信心。结果 Web式CBL组课堂发言显著多于传统CBL组(13.7±4.7 vs 3.5±1.6),P<0.05,理论成绩稍高于传统CBL组(73.5±8.3 vs 73.4±8.3),临床信心的分项评分及总分两组间无显著统计学差异。结论 Web式CBL教学有利于活跃教学气氛、提高课堂参与度,值得推广。%Objectives To compare the effects of network based CBL teaching method to traditional CBL teaching method in medical student education. Methods 40 medical students (year 4th to year 5th) were randomly divided into Web based CBL group and traditional CBL group. The performances were compared between two groups, which included students involvements during the class, test scores after class and students self-confidence for clinical practice. Results The students in Web based CBL group asked significantly more questions than the students in traditional CBL group (13.7±4.7 vs 3.5±1.6),P<0.05. Average test scores were 73.5±8.3 in Web based CBL and 73.4±8.3 in traditional based CBL, without statistical difference. There was no significant statistical difference in self-confidence between two groups. Conclusions Compared with traditional CBL teaching method, Web based CBL teaching method might increase students’ involvements in medical practice study. Web based CBL is a potentially better teaching method than traditional CBL teaching method.

  18. Using Blended Creative Teaching: Improving a Teacher Education Course on Designing Materials for Young Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lou, Shi-Jer; Chen, Nai-Ci; Tsai, Huei-Yin; Tseng, Kuo-Hung; Shih, Ru-Chu

    2012-01-01

    This study combined traditional classroom teaching methods and blogs with blended creative teaching as a new teaching method for the course "Design and Applications of Teaching Aids for Young Children." It aimed to improve the shortcomings of the traditional teaching approach by incorporating the "Asking, Thinking, Doing, and…

  19. Using Blended Creative Teaching: Improving a Teacher Education Course on Designing Materials for Young Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lou, Shi-Jer; Chen, Nai-Ci; Tsai, Huei-Yin; Tseng, Kuo-Hung; Shih, Ru-Chu

    2012-01-01

    This study combined traditional classroom teaching methods and blogs with blended creative teaching as a new teaching method for the course "Design and Applications of Teaching Aids for Young Children." It aimed to improve the shortcomings of the traditional teaching approach by incorporating the "Asking, Thinking, Doing, and…

  20. 高校信息化:变强化传统课堂为催生新型教学%Informatization of Higher Learning:Shifting from Reinforced Traditional Classroom into Hastened New- type Teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁继安

    2011-01-01

    The construction of informatization in higher learning is being carried forward constantly, which has had great changes, nevertheless,the present teaching informatization in colleges and universities simply focuses upon the application of information technology, stressing a kind of traditinal classroom - based teaching of inculcation upon the students. In the author's opinion, the further development of teaching informati zation in the future, ought to be guided by modern teaching ideas, and spur a new type of teaching by applying the information technology.%高校教学信息化建设的不断推进,推动了教学的深刻变革。然而,当前的高校教学信息化只简单注重信息技术的应用,越来越强化了传统课堂的教的灌输。高校教学信息化今后的深入发展,要以现代教育理念为引领,通过信息技术的应用催生新型课堂教学范式。

  1. Iron replacement therapy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Ole Haagen; Coskun, Mehmet; Weiss, Günter

    2016-01-01

    PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Approximately, one-third of the world's population suffers from anemia, and at least half of these cases are because of iron deficiency. With the introduction of new intravenous iron preparations over the last decade, uncertainty has arisen when these compounds should be admini...... treatment, when to follow-up for relapse, which dosage and type of therapy should be recommended or not recommended, and if some patients should not be treated....... be administered and under which circumstances oral therapy is still an appropriate and effective treatment. RECENT FINDINGS: Numerous guidelines are available, but none go into detail about therapeutic start and end points or how iron-deficiency anemia should be best treated depending on the underlying cause...... of iron deficiency or in regard to concomitant underlying or additional diseases. SUMMARY: The study points to major issues to be considered in revisions of future guidelines for the true optimal iron replacement therapy, including how to assess the need for treatment, when to start and when to stop...

  2. Frequency of Applying Different Teaching Strategies and Social Teaching Methods in Primary Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ivic, Sonja

    2016-01-01

    The question that every modern teacher raises in their daily work is the reflection on selecting teaching strategies and social forms of teaching. Unlike traditional teaching strategies in which knowledge transfer is mainly done by the teacher while the students are passive listeners and recipients of such knowledge, modern teaching strategies…

  3. Students’ Weakness Detective in Traditional Class

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fatimah Altuhaifa

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available In Artificial Intelligent in Education in learning contexts and domains, the traditional classroom is tough to find students’ weakness during lecture due to the student’s number and because the instruction is busy with explaining the lesson. According to that, choosing teaching style that can improve student talent or skills to performs better in their classes or professional life would not be an easy task. This system is going to detect the average of students’ weakness and find either a solution for this or instruction a style that can increase students’ ability and skills by filtering the collection data, understanding the problem. After that, it provides a teaching style.

  4. Teaching on line

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    樊红梅

    2005-01-01

    The 21st century is the age of Internet,and the access to the Internet greatly facilitates the life and work ofpeople,particularly teaching.The traditional face-to-face teaching cannot meet the needs of modern learners to some extent.Therefore,online teaching springs up as a response.It is characterized by being convenient and efficient,so it is consideredto be a good option.However,there is still mystery about how to fulfill this kind of teaching.As to this,the paperfirst clarifies the misunderstanding about the online teaching,and then makes clear the difference between face-to-faceteaching and online teaching.Furthermore,by providing tips,some guidance is fully given,which for sure will help onlinetutors achieve their goals.

  5. Audit of Childbirth Emergency Referrals by Trained Traditional Birth ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Medicine, University of Nigeria Enugu Campus/University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital Ituku/Ozalla, Enugu, Nigeria. Abstract. Background: The essence of training traditional birth attendants (TBAs) is to attend to women in ..... Determinants of referral practices of clients by traditional ... A qualitative evaluation of the choice of.

  6. Quantitative image analysis for planning of aortic valve replacement

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Elattar, M.A.I.M.

    2016-01-01

    Aortic stenosis is the most common and frequent cause of sudden death among all valvular heart diseases. Symptomatic aortic stenosis is considered to be a fatal disease if left untreated. Aortic valve replacement is the mainstay of treatment of symptomatic aortic stenosis. Traditional treatment of s

  7. Quantitative image analysis for planning of aortic valve replacement

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Elattar, M.A.I.M.

    2016-01-01

    Aortic stenosis is the most common and frequent cause of sudden death among all valvular heart diseases. Symptomatic aortic stenosis is considered to be a fatal disease if left untreated. Aortic valve replacement is the mainstay of treatment of symptomatic aortic stenosis. Traditional treatment of

  8. Using your shoulder after replacement surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joint replacement surgery - using your shoulder; Shoulder replacement surgery - after ... You have had shoulder replacement surgery to replace the bones of your shoulder joint with artificial parts. The parts include a stem made of metal and a ...

  9. Replacing Victoria's Scientific Culture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iwan Morus

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available Traditional views of nineteenth century science has viewed it in terms of a largely unproblematic institutional consolidation. More recently, the consensus view of the century as a period of leisurely progress towards scientific professionalization has been decisively broken. In particular the issues of what counted as science at all and what sorts of spaces counted as scientific have been rigorously contested. A variety of new accounts of Victorian science have now emerged, built around new sets of questions concerning science's place in culture and the emergence of new strategies of self-fashioning and legitimation. In this overview I survey promising trends in the cultural history of nineteenth-century science with a view to assessing the possibility of resurrecting a new grand narrative. I suggest in conclusion that the possibility of reconstructing such a big picture as an explicitly political account might be improved by rethinking the category of Victorian science and reorienting our understanding around the French Revolution and its immediate aftermath.

  10. Due process traditionalism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sunstein, Cass R

    2008-06-01

    In important cases, the Supreme Court has limited the scope of "substantive due process" by reference to tradition, but it has yet to explain why it has done so. Due process traditionalism might be defended in several distinctive ways. The most ambitious defense draws on a set of ideas associated with Edmund Burke and Friedrich Hayek, who suggested that traditions have special credentials by virtue of their acceptance by many minds. But this defense runs into three problems. Those who have participated in a tradition may not have accepted any relevant proposition; they might suffer from a systematic bias; and they might have joined a cascade. An alternative defense sees due process traditionalism as a second-best substitute for two preferable alternatives: a purely procedural approach to the Due Process Clause, and an approach that gives legislatures the benefit of every reasonable doubt. But it is not clear that in these domains, the first-best approaches are especially attractive; and even if they are, the second-best may be an unacceptably crude substitute. The most plausible defense of due process traditionalism operates on rule-consequentialist grounds, with the suggestion that even if traditions are not great, they are often good, and judges do best if they defer to traditions rather than attempting to specify the content of "liberty" on their own. But the rule-consequentialist defense depends on controversial and probably false assumptions about the likely goodness of traditions and the institutional incapacities of judges.

  11. Traditional and Modern Morphometrics: Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gökhan OCAKOĞLU

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Morphometrics, a branch of morphology, is the study of the size and shape components of biological forms and their variation in the population. In biological and medical sciences, there is a long history of attempts to quantitatively express the diversity of the size and shape of biological forms. On the basis of historical developments in morphometry, we address several questions related to the shape of organs or organisms that are considered in biological and medical studies. In the field of morphometrics, multivariate statistical analysis is used to rigorously address such questions. Historically, these methods have involved the analysis of collections of distances or angles, but recent theoretical, computational, and other advances have shifted the focus of morphometric procedures to the Cartesian coordinates of anatomical points. In recent years, in biology and medicine, the traditional morphometric studies that aim to analyze shape variation have been replaced by modern morphometric studies. In the biological and medical sciences, morphometric methods are frequently preferred for examining the morphologic structures of organs or organisms with regard to diseases or environmental factors. These methods are also preferred for evaluating and classifying the variation of organs or organisms with respect to growth or allometry time dependently. Geometric morphometric methods are more valid than traditional morphometric methods in protecting more morphological information and in permitting analysis of this information.

  12. TRADITIONAL FERMENTED FOODS OF LESOTHO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tendekayi H. Gadaga

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes the traditional methods of preparing fermented foods and beverages of Lesotho. Information on the preparation methods was obtained through a combination of literature review and face to face interviews with respondents from Roma in Lesotho. An unstructured questionnaire was used to capture information on the processes, raw materials and utensils used. Four products; motoho (a fermented porridge, Sesotho (a sorghum based alcoholic beverage, hopose (sorghum fermented beer with added hops and mafi (spontaneously fermented milk, were found to be the main fermented foods prepared and consumed at household level in Lesotho. Motoho is a thin gruel, popular as refreshing beverage as well as a weaning food. Sesotho is sorghum based alcoholic beverage prepared for household consumption as well as for sale. It is consumed in the actively fermenting state. Mafi is the name given to spontaneously fermented milk with a thick consistency. Little research has been done on the technological aspects, including the microbiological and biochemical characteristics of fermented foods in Lesotho. Some of the traditional aspects of the preparation methods, such as use of earthenware pots, are being replaced, and modern equipment including plastic utensils are being used. There is need for further systematic studies on the microbiological and biochemical characteristics of these these products.

  13. Teaching vocation versus teaching profession in educational organisations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Faustino Larrosa Martínez

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper on training prospective teachers investigates the meaning of teaching vocation and teaching profession within educational organisations, in the context of the knowledge society and in the midst of European convergence. The elements that have influenced and still influence teachers’ professional situations are analysed: tradition, social transformation, advances in research and teachers’ current needs. Then how teaching has evolved as a vocation is studied and the nature and characteristics of teaching as a profession are examined. We conclude that teaching is a vocational profession in an environment of ethical and moral pluralism.

  14. [Ascending aorta replacement late after aortic valve replacement].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hayashi, Yasunari; Ito, Toshiaki; Maekawa, Atsuo; Sawaki, Sadanari; Fujii, Genyo; Hoshino, Satoshi; Tokoro, Masayoshi; Yanagisawa, Junji

    2013-07-01

    Replacement of the asceding aorta is indicated in patients undergoing aortic valve replacement( AVR), if the diameter of the ascending aorta is greater than 5.0 cm. If the diameter of the asceding aorta is from 4.0 to 5.0 cm, it was arguable whether replacement of the ascending aorta should be performed. Nine patients who underwent reoperative ascending aorta replacement after AVR were reviewed retrospectively. Reoperation on the asending aorta replacement was performed 11.8±7.2 years (range 1y5m~23y3m) after AVR. Mean patient age was 69.9±6.3 (range 60~81). In 2 cases, reoperations were performed early year after AVR. Although ascending aorta was dilated at the 1st operation, replacement wasn't performed for the age and minimally invasive cardiac surgery (MICS). In 3 cases, reoperations were performed more than 10 years later. On these cases, ascending aorta aneurysm and dissection occurred with no pain and were pointed out by computed tomography(CT) or ultrasonic cardiogram(UCG). We think that patients with dilatation of the ascending aorta should undergo AVR and aorta replacement at the 1st operation regardness of age. It is important that patients who underwent AVR should undergo a regular checkup on the ascending aorta.

  15. The Fine Dutch Tradition

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hooimeijer, F.L.

    2012-01-01

    Publication of the exhibition and symposium on water adaptive urban planning and architecture in Bangkok. The Urban Fine Dutch Tradition is a dynamic tradition of making urban designs using the parameters of the natural system – incorperating in an efficient way the hydrological cycle, the soil and

  16. TRADITIONAL CHINESE HERBAL MEDICINE

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    ZHU, YP; WOERDENBAG, HJ

    1995-01-01

    Herbal medicine, acupuncture and moxibustion, and massage and the three major constituent parts of traditional Chinese medicine. Although acupuncture is well known in many Western countries, Chinese herbal medicine, the mos important part of traditional Chinese medicine, is less well known in the We

  17. TRADITIONAL CHINESE HERBAL MEDICINE

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    ZHU, YP; WOERDENBAG, HJ

    1995-01-01

    Herbal medicine, acupuncture and moxibustion, and massage and the three major constituent parts of traditional Chinese medicine. Although acupuncture is well known in many Western countries, Chinese herbal medicine, the mos important part of traditional Chinese medicine, is less well known in the

  18. TRADITIONAL CHINESE HERBAL MEDICINE

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    ZHU, YP; WOERDENBAG, HJ

    1995-01-01

    Herbal medicine, acupuncture and moxibustion, and massage and the three major constituent parts of traditional Chinese medicine. Although acupuncture is well known in many Western countries, Chinese herbal medicine, the mos important part of traditional Chinese medicine, is less well known in the We

  19. Teaching Teaching & Understanding Understanding

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2006-01-01

    "Teaching Teaching & Understanding Understanding" is a 19-minute award-winning short-film about teaching at university and higher-level educational institutions. It is based on the "Constructive Alignment" theory developed by Prof. John Biggs. The film delivers a foundation for understanding what...

  20. Teaching Languages, Teaching Cultures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liddicoat, Anthony J., Ed.; Crozet, Chantal, Ed.

    This collection of papers examines what it means to teach culture as an integrated part of language from both the language learner's and the language teacher's perspectives. The 11 papers include the following: "Teaching Cultures as an Integrated Part of Language: Implications for the Aims, Approaches and Pedagogies of Language Teaching"…

  1. Teaching Teaching & Understanding Understanding

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2006-01-01

    "Teaching Teaching & Understanding Understanding" is a 19-minute award-winning short-film about teaching at university and higher-level educational institutions. It is based on the "Constructive Alignment" theory developed by Prof. John Biggs. The film delivers a foundation for understanding what...

  2. PBL教学法在中医伤寒论研究生教学中的应用探索%Application of Problem-Based Learning in Graduate teaching of Shanghan Lun in Traditional Chinese medicine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢宇杰

    2014-01-01

    Problem-based Learning(PBL)教学法是以问题为基础,学生为主体,教师为主导的教学模式。本文从中医伤寒论研究生教学特点及伤寒论课程特点出发,探讨PBL教学法在伤寒论研究生课堂教学中的应用优势及要求。%Problem-based Learning(PBL) is student- centred and teacher-oriented. This article discusses the advantage and requires of PBL in Graduate class teaching of Shanghan Lun based from the characteristics of Graduate teaching of Shanghan Lun and the characteristics of the course.

  3. Modeling with the Software 'Derive' to Support a Constructivist Approach to Teaching

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andresen, Mette

    2007-01-01

    equations from a modeling point of view. The project involved small scale teaching experiments with changes at two levels from the traditional viewpoint on school mathematics: 1) Change of view at curriculum level on the subject differential equations and 2) Change of view at the level of didactical...... reflections on the intentions of modeling and using models. The article discusses how students? use of laptops can serve as a means for both changes by replacing complex, time consuming expressive modeling with more controlled exploration of differential-equations models. Finally, the perspectives...

  4. Derrida, Friendship and Responsible Teaching in Contrast to Effective Teaching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sinha, Shilpi

    2013-01-01

    Educational theorists working within the tradition of Jacques Derrida and Emmanuel Levinas's thought, posit teaching to be a site of implied ethics, that is, a realm in which non-violent or less violent relations to the other are possible. Derrida links ethics to the realm of friendship, enabling one to understand teaching as a site of the…

  5. An Integrated Teaching Model in College English Teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    石洁

    2013-01-01

    The traditional situation of English translation teaching in vocational colleges is far from satisfied. In this thesis, the writer is determined to make an apparent comparison between Grammar Translation Teaching and Communicative Approach. And then the author recommends an integrated teaching model to combine the two approaches together so as to improve the present situation as well as to enhance the students’competence on translation.

  6. Electrocatalysts Prepared by Galvanic Replacement

    OpenAIRE

    Athanasios Papaderakis; Ioanna Mintsouli; Jenia Georgieva; Sotiris Sotiropoulos

    2017-01-01

    Galvanic replacement is the spontaneous replacement of surface layers of a metal, M, by a more noble metal, Mnoble, when the former is treated with a solution containing the latter in ionic form, according to the general replacement reaction: nM + mMnoblen+ → nMm+ + mMnoble. The reaction is driven by the difference in the equilibrium potential of the two metal/metal ion redox couples and, to avoid parasitic cathodic processes such as oxygen reduction and (in some cases) hydrogen evolution too...

  7. Teaching Vocabulary for Peace Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Matos, Francisco Gomes

    2002-01-01

    Shows English-as-a-Second-Language educators how vocabulary teaching can become humanizingly meaningful through the use of techniques inspired by some of the interdependent traditions to peace, and to make a plea for ESL teachers and learners to humanize their repertoires of best practices in vocabulary teaching and learning. (Author/VWL)

  8. Science Teaching in Science Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Callahan, Brendan E.; Dopico, Eduardo

    2016-01-01

    Reading the interesting article "Discerning selective traditions in science education" by Per Sund, which is published in this issue of "CSSE," allows us to open the discussion on procedures for teaching science today. Clearly there is overlap between the teaching of science and other areas of knowledge. However, we must…

  9. Aesthetic Learning: Art as an Integrating Element in the Teaching-Learning Process in the Superior Education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Karenina Azevedo-Martins

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available The educational process is considered a mean for the empowerment of the individual contributing to enlarge perspectives in the professional practice. Being consistent with this construction is that, in many areas, traditional teaching methodologies have been combined and/or replaced by strategies based on the interdisciplinarity and the recognition of students as main agents in the teaching-learning process. Among the available teaching-learning resources, we have proposed the use of dramatic performances to explore distinct aspects of the Endocrine System, where students are invited to act as molecules. This aesthetic experience inspired the preparation of the event “Dom Quixote Meeting: a trip to re(learn diabetes, whose idea was to discuss and (rebuild knowledge and practices concerning this disease. In this scenario, we find out that the art, through the corporeity, was an integrative experience for the knowledge construction, development of skills and humanistic learning.

  10. The Status Quo and Reflections of Chinese Traditional Music in Music Teaching of Contemporary Colleges and Universities%传统音乐在当代中国高等院校音乐专业教学中的现状与思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋玲

    2013-01-01

    The western professional music educational pattern over one hundred years makes Chinese music education the overall lacking state of the triple thinking patterns for local traditional music, Chinese traditional music and world national music. This article, explains the status quo of music teaching in contemporary colleges and universities, analyzes the rea-sons of the starus quo, tries to explore the countermeasures to solve the problem, in order to promote the development of Chinese traditional music.%  一百多年的西方专业音乐教育模式,让中国音乐教育在总体上存在着严重缺失。对中国传统音乐在当代高等院校音乐专业教学中现状进行,分析、探索解决问题的对策,促进中国传统音乐在当代的发展。

  11. Minimally invasive aortic valve replacement

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Foghsgaard, Signe; Schmidt, Thomas Andersen; Kjaergard, Henrik K

    2009-01-01

    In this descriptive prospective study, we evaluate the outcomes of surgery in 98 patients who were scheduled to undergo minimally invasive aortic valve replacement. These patients were compared with a group of 50 patients who underwent scheduled aortic valve replacement through a full sternotomy....... The 30-day mortality rate for the 98 patients was zero, although 14 of the 98 mini-sternotomies had to be converted to complete sternotomies intraoperatively due to technical problems. Such conversion doubled the operative time over that of the planned full sternotomies. In the group of patients whose...... is an excellent operation in selected patients, but its true advantages over conventional aortic valve replacement (other than a smaller scar) await evaluation by means of randomized clinical trial. The "extended mini-aortic valve replacement" operation, on the other hand, is a risky procedure that should...

  12. Design and Realization of Network Teaching System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ji Shan Shan

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Since 21 century, with the wide spread in family and public, network has been applied in many new fields, and the application in classes is of no exception. In traditional education, teachers give lessons to students face to face. Hence, the teaching quality depends largely on the quality and initiative of the individual teacher. However, the serious disadvantages of this mode are that teachers completely dominate the classroom and may ignore the subjective cognition role of the students, which may be bad for the growth of creativity and the innovative thinking ability. Obviously, traditional education mode cannot meet the requirements of the this new era which leads to the booming developing tendency of the network. As a new teaching measure, scientifically combining modern information technology and teaching practice, network teaching not only changes the traditional education by the means and form, but even also gives new meanings to teaching concept, process, method as well as teacher-student role and other deep levels. With the help of network teaching system, on-line classroom learning, relevant information systematization, standardization and automation, this system provides students with an efficient online learning method with high quality. This also helps to solve the disadvantages of the traditional teaching mode and promote the teaching methods to a new stage. It improves the network teaching platform, enriches the network teaching resources, and establishes a network teaching system, so as to improve information quality of teachers and students and assist in improving teaching quality of schools.

  13. Investigation and Research on the Influence of Medical Record and Case Teaching on Students in Diagnostics of Traditional Chinese Medicine%中医诊断学病案及案例教学对学生影响的调查研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王丽君; 朱伟群; 梁攀; 侯雁如

    2015-01-01

    目的:探究中医诊断学病案及案例教学对学生产生的影响。方法:随机选取我校2011级临床医学专业2个班的123名学生进行中医诊断内容的案例教学法尝试,记为实验组,另选取同年级也是临床医学专业2个班的125名学生进行传统教学法教学,记为对照组。实验组教师根据教学要求,选取经典案例,并对案例进行分类和加工,进行病例及案例教学,并在课程结束时进行问卷调查,进行测试及成绩评价。结果显示:对两组学生进行学习成绩评价发现,对照组学生小论文、期末成绩、病案分析成绩均低于实验组(P<0.01)。通过问卷调查发现,教师进行多种形式的病案及案例教学能够获得绝大多数学生的支持,大多数学生认为病案及案例教学能够显著提高辨病、辨证能力,此外还能把理论和实际联系起来。结论:病案及案例教学能显著提高学生的学习兴趣及教师教学质量,此外,对于巩固学生专业思想和培养学生规范的中医辨证诊断思维也有较好的效果,适合教学推广。%Objective: To explore the influence of medical record and case teaching on students in diagnostics of traditional Chi-nese medicine. Methods: 123 students from 2 classes of Grade 2011 clinical medicine specialty in our college were randomly selected to carry out the attempt of case teaching approach for di-agnostics of traditional Chinese medicine and they were labeled as the experimental group;another 125 students from 2 classes of the same grade were selected to carry out the traditional teaching approach and they were labeled as the control group. In the ex-perimental group, the teacher, in accordance with teaching re-quirements, selected, classified and processed classic cases, in order to implement medical record and case teaching, and carried out a questionnaire survey, examination and performance evalua-tion when the course

  14. Traditional midwives in Botswana.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Staugard, F

    1985-01-01

    Botswanan women tend to consciously opt for home deliveries, even in areas where modern maternity care facilities are easily accessible. Approximately 40% of deliveries in Botswana occur outside of institutions (55% in rural areas and 23% in urban areas) and are generally assisted by traditional midwives. To gain more information on this phenomenon, the 175 identified traditional midwives in 2 health regions of Botswana were interviewed. All midwives were female, the majority were over 50 years of age, and 80% were illiterate. 38% were married and 42% were widowed; 67% had 4 or more children. 59% practiced the traditional Tswana religion. 82% of the midwives interviewed indicated they had performed only 5-6 deliveries in the 1 year preceding the survey, suggesting a decline in their level of professional activity. Only 58% received a fee for their services; in most of these cases, the fee was minimal or in kind. Interestingly, 90% of traditional midwives expressed a positive attitude toward cooperation with the modern health care system. A more intensive interview with 59 of these traditional midwives indicated that 81% had no contact with their clients during the prenatal period. 95% showed a total lack of knowledge of the female reproductive system, yet all were able to identify signs of a high risk delivery and willing to refer these cases to a modern health facility. 76% were informed about family planning, although they indicated they refer clients to clinics for supplies, and all were supportive of breastfeeding for at least 1 year. As a group, Botswanan traditional midwives have specific conceptions regarding food taboos during pregnancy (e.g., avoidance of meat and eggs) that can place pregnant women at risk of protein deficiencies. Overall, these findings indicate that the traditional midwife in Tswana society cannot be regarded as a well-defined health worker, as is the case with traditional healers.

  15. Plastination and its importance in teaching anatomy. Critical points for long-term preservation of human tissue.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Riederer, Beat M

    2014-03-01

    Most medical curricula rely on human bodies for teaching macroscopic anatomy. Over the past 20 years, plastination has become an important means of preservation of organs, for well dissected specimens or for body slices. Here, several critical points regarding body donation with legal and ethical considerations for long-term preservation, the use of cadavers in teaching and the preparation of plastinates as an additional teaching tool will be discussed. Silicone S10 is the gold standard in the preparation of plastinates. An important point to respect is the preparation of specimens, since only very well dissected body parts or excellent tissue sections should be plastinated to show the extraordinary aspects of the human anatomy. The preparation of thin and transparent sections and preservation with P40 polyester provides an additional technique to prepare resistant body slices. A selection of samples prepared by S10 and P40 are shown and compared. In addition, Prussian or Berlin blue staining of brain slices is shown to discriminate better between gray and white matter and demonstrate neuroanatomical structures. These plastinates have been used for many years in teaching first- and second-year medical students and have not lost their appeal. Students and staff appreciate the use of such plastinates. One of the advantages is that their use is not restricted to the dissection hall; slices and body parts can be used in any lecture room or in small group teaching. Therefore, ethical and legal questions need to be addressed regarding their specific use. Plastinates do not replace the traditional dissection courses, since students learn best the anatomical features of a given region by hands-on dissection and by exploratory anatomy. Furthermore, plastinates are more rigid and do not allow demonstration of hidden structures; they also become more cumbersome for endoscopy or are too rigid for demonstrating mechanical features of joints. However, although not a replacement

  16. Renal Replacement Therapy in Austere Environments

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christina M. Yuan

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Myoglobinuric renal failure is the classically described acute renal event occurring in disaster environments—commonly after an earthquake—which most tests the ingenuity and flexibility of local and regional nephrology resources. In recent decades, several nephrology organizations have developed response teams and planning protocols to address disaster events, largely focusing on patients at risk for, or with, acute kidney injury (AKI. In this paper we briefly review the epidemiology and outcomes of patients with dialysis-requiring AKI after such events, while providing greater focus on the management of the end-stage renal disease population after a disaster which incapacitates a pre-existing nephrologic infrastructure (if it existed at all. “Austere” dialysis, as such, is defined as the provision of renal replacement therapy in any setting in which traditional, first-world therapies and resources are limited, incapacitated, or nonexistent.

  17. Tradition, Discipline, Literary History

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kargiotis, Dimitrios

    2007-01-01

    In its attempt to respond to changing historical realities the university has undergone significant transformations, most of which, however, have focused on teaching material, tools, methods or practices adapted to the new demands. Taking as a case study the literary disciplines, this article focuses on the theoretical, mostly implicit,…

  18. Effect of replacing solvent-extracted canola meal with high-oil traditional canola, high-oleic acid canola, or high-erucic acid rapeseed meals on rumen fermentation, digestibility, milk production, and milk fatty acid composition in lactating dairy cows.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hristov, A N; Domitrovich, C; Wachter, A; Cassidy, T; Lee, C; Shingfield, K J; Kairenius, P; Davis, J; Brown, J

    2011-08-01

    The objective of this experiment was to investigate the effects of replacing conventional, solvent-extracted canola meal (control; CTRL) with high oil content; conventional, mechanically extracted canola meal (CMEC); high-oleic, low polyunsaturated fatty acid (FA) canola meal (HOLL); and high-erucic acid, low-glucosinolate rapeseed meal (RPS) on rumen function, digestibility, milk production, and milk FA composition in lactating dairy cows. The experimental design was a replicated 4×4 Latin square with 8 lactating dairy cows. Four of the cows were ruminally cannulated. All oilseed meals were included at approximately 12 to 13% of dietary dry matter (DM). Crude protein and fat concentrations (% of DM) of the meals were 43 and 3.1%, 32.8 and 16.1%, 45.2 and 13.7%, and 34.3 and 17.9% for CTRL, CMEC, HOLL, and RPS, respectively. All diets were formulated to supply net energy of lactation in excess of requirements. The CMEC and RPS diets were predicted to be about 1% deficient in metabolizable protein. Relative to the CTRL, inclusion of high-oil seed meals in the diet lowered ruminal acetate concentration and the molar acetate:propionate ratio and decreased DM intake. Milk yield generally followed DM intake and was lower for CMEC and RPS than the CTRL. Treatments had no effect on milk composition, other than an increase in milk urea nitrogen concentration for HOLL. Fat-corrected milk (3.5%) feed efficiency was increased by HOLL and RPS compared with CTRL. Urinary urea nitrogen losses were increased by HOLL, which, as a consequence, increased the ammonia-emitting potential of manure. The ratio of milk N-to-N intake was greater for CMEC and RPS. Replacing solvent-extracted canola meal with the high-oil meal decreased milk fat 12:0, 14:0, 16:0, and total saturated FA content and enhanced cis-9 18:1 and total monounsaturated FA concentrations. Relative to the CTRL, canola increased total trans FA in milk, whereas inclusion of HOLL in the diet increased trans-11 18:1 and

  19. What Is a Hip Replacement?

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... you will meet a respiratory therapist and a physical therapist. The respiratory therapist may ask you to breathe ... fluid out of your lungs after surgery. The physical therapist will teach you how to sit up, bend ...

  20. An Exploratory Study on Application of Multimedia Technology in College English Teaching and Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Aiqin

    Nowadays, the application of multimedia technology is most widely used in College English teaching and learning in China. Considerable money had been invested to better the technical equipments, such as multimedia classroom, computers recently, which meet each student needs. The effectiveness of multimedia has been made obvious by many teachers and students, however, it remains a controversial issue. The advantages and disadvantages in the use of multimedia technology are always being argued. It seems urgent and necessary to evaluate this new teaching mode, so the writer designed a questionnaire to seek the students' attitudinal data concerning the multimedia effectiveness. The data collected from the subjects of 150 non-English majors students, using the Experiencing English learning system and College English Integrated Course (New Edition) on CD-ROM. After statistical analysis to the valid questionnaires, the results are as follows: the students prefer multimedia to traditional teaching mode which indicate it is useful and helpful; but they do not have multimedia as a worthwhile replacement of traditional teaching modes; they generally perceive the learning on the system effective, but it will have a long way to go and attain to maturity, because the complex relationships between the teachers and the courseware, the students and courseware should be coordinated, producing a compound object among the teacher-student as well as the courseware.

  1. Knee Replacement: What you can Expect

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... improves function lessen with each additional surgery. Artificial knees can wear out Another risk of knee replacement ... replacement surgery to last about two hours. After knee replacement surgery After surgery, you're wheeled to ...

  2. Homologous gene replacement in Physarum

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Burland, T.G. [Univ. of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States); Pallotta, D. [Laval Univ., Quebec (Canada)

    1995-01-01

    The protist Physarum polycephalum is useful for analysis of several aspects of cellular and developmental biology. To expand the opportunities for experimental analysis of this organism, we have developed a method for gene replacement. We transformed Physarum amoebae with plasmid DNA carrying a mutant allele, ardD{Delta}1, of the ardD actin gene; ardD{Delta}1 mutates the critical carboxy-terminal region of the gene product. Because ardD is not expressed in the amoeba, replacement of ardD{sup +} with ardD{Delta}1 should not be lethal for this cell type. Transformants were obtained only when linear plasmid DNA was used. Most transformants carried one copy of ardD{Delta}1 in addition to ardD{sup +}, but in two (5%), ardD{sup +} was replaced by a single copy of ardD{Delta}1. This is the first example of homologous gene replacement in Physarum. ardD{Delta}1 was stably maintained in the genome through growth, development and meiosis. We found no effect of ardD{Delta}l on viability, growth, or development of any of the various cell types of Physarum. Thus, the carboxy-terminal region of the ardD product appears not to perform a unique essential role in growth or development. Nevertheless, this method for homologous gene replacement can be applied to analyze the function of any cloned gene. 38 refs., 6 figs., 1 tab.

  3. On the Application of Multimedia in Economics Teaching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ding, Mengchun; Li, Hongxin

    2011-01-01

    Multimedia has become an important teaching technology in higher education inside and outside, with its advantages of super-media, strong expression, and interaction. The application of multimedia teaching connects closely with teaching reform and innovation. In this paper, authors conclude the defects of traditional economics teaching and the…

  4. Reverence in Classroom Teaching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garrison, Jim; Rud, A. G.

    2009-01-01

    Background/Context: Our article develops insights from Paul Woodruff's book, Reverence: Renewing a Forgotten Virtue (Oxford University Press, 2001), to discuss reverence in teaching. We show how reverence is both a cardinal and a forgotten virtue by situating it within the philosophical tradition of virtue ethics, which involves traits of…

  5. Why Teach Visual Culture?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Passmore, Kaye

    2007-01-01

    Visual culture is a hot topic in art education right now as some teachers are dedicated to teaching it and others are adamant that it has no place in a traditional art class. Visual culture, the author asserts, can include just about anything that is visually represented. Although people often think of visual culture as contemporary visuals such…

  6. Teaching and Truthfulness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cooper, David E.

    2008-01-01

    Some tendencies in modern education--the stress on "performativity", for instance, and "celebration of difference"--threaten the value traditionally placed on truthful teaching. In this paper, truthfulness is mainly understood, following Bernard Williams, as a disposition to "Accuracy" and "Sincerity"--hence as a virtue. It is to be distinguished…

  7. The construction of gan zhu shuxie (liver controlling conveyance and dispersion), as viewed from the contemporary teaching material of basic theory of Traditional Chinese Medicine%从中医基础理论类教材看“肝主疏泄”的建构

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    靳宇智; 马燕冬

    2014-01-01

    在现行中医基础理论类教材中,“肝主疏泄”涉及到对人体整体生理功能、消化功能、精神情志活动、血液循环、水液代谢、生殖功能多方面的功能调节.从此类教材来看,学术界对“肝主疏泄”理论的建构,可分为3个阶段:20世纪50-70年代,教材中基本未提及“肝主疏泄”理论;20世纪70-80年代中期,各版本教材中关于“肝主疏泄”的论述并不统一;20世纪80年代中期后至今,教材中对“肝主疏泄”的论述理论基本趋于统一.%In current teaching material of basic theory of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM),the theory of "liver controlling conveyance and dispersion" covers the functional adjustment of many aspects,including the overall human physiology,digestion,mental activity,blood circulation,water metabolism and reproduction.Through the research of the teaching material of TCM basic theory since the establishment of the People' s Republic of China,it can be considered that there are 3 stages for the construction of the theory of "liver controlling conveyance and dispersion".From the 1950s to 1970s,this theory was not mentioned in any teaching materials; from the 1970s to the mid 1980s,different views about this theory can be seen in the teaching materials; after the mid 1980s,this theory in the teaching materials became gradually basically identical.

  8. Measure Guideline. Replacing Single-Speed Pool Pumps with Variable Speed Pumps for Energy Savings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hunt, A. [Building Media and the Building America Retrofit Alliance (BARA), Wilmington, DE (United States); Easley, S. [Building Media and the Building America Retrofit Alliance (BARA), Wilmington, DE (United States)

    2012-05-01

    This measure guideline evaluates potential energy savings by replacing traditional single-speed pool pumps with variable speed pool pumps, and provides a basic cost comparison between continued uses of traditional pumps verses new pumps. A simple step-by-step process for inspecting the pool area and installing a new pool pump follows.

  9. Measure Guideline: Replacing Single-Speed Pool Pumps with Variable Speed Pumps for Energy Savings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hunt, A.; Easley, S.

    2012-05-01

    The report evaluates potential energy savings by replacing traditional single-speed pool pumps with variable speed pool pumps, and provide a basic cost comparison between continued uses of traditional pumps verses new pumps. A simple step-by-step process for inspecting the pool area and installing a new pool pump follows.

  10. Traditional Chinese Biotechnology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Yan; Wang, Dong; Fan, Wen Lai; Mu, Xiao Qing; Chen, Jian

    The earliest industrial biotechnology originated in ancient China and developed into a vibrant industry in traditional Chinese liquor, rice wine, soy sauce, and vinegar. It is now a significant component of the Chinese economy valued annually at about 150 billion RMB. Although the production methods had existed and remained basically unchanged for centuries, modern developments in biotechnology and related fields in the last decades have greatly impacted on these industries and led to numerous technological innovations. In this chapter, the main biochemical processes and related technological innovations in traditional Chinese biotechnology are illustrated with recent advances in functional microbiology, microbial ecology, solid-state fermentation, enzymology, chemistry of impact flavor compounds, and improvements made to relevant traditional industrial facilities. Recent biotechnological advances in making Chinese liquor, rice wine, soy sauce, and vinegar are reviewed.

  11. Cobra Probes Containing Replaceable Thermocouples

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, John; Redding, Adam

    2007-01-01

    A modification of the basic design of cobra probes provides for relatively easy replacement of broken thermocouples. Cobra probes are standard tube-type pressure probes that may also contain thermocouples and that are routinely used in wind tunnels and aeronautical hardware. They are so named because in side views, they resemble a cobra poised to attack. Heretofore, there has been no easy way to replace a broken thermocouple in a cobra probe: instead, it has been necessary to break the probe apart and then rebuild it, typically at a cost between $2,000 and $4,000 (2004 prices). The modified design makes it possible to replace the thermocouple, in minimal time and at relatively low cost, by inserting new thermocouple wire in a tube.

  12. An investigation comparing traditional recitation instruction to computer tutorials which combine three-dimensional animation with varying levels of visual complexity, including digital video in teaching various chemistry topics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Graves, A. Palmer

    This study examines the effect of increasing the visual complexity used in computer assisted instruction in general chemistry. Traditional recitation instruction was used as a control for the experiment. One tutorial presented a chemistry topic using 3-D animation showing molecular activity and symbolic representation of the macroscopic view of a chemical phenomenon. A second tutorial presented the same topic but simultaneously presented students with a digital video movie showing the phenomena and 3-D animation showing the molecular view of the phenomena. This experimental set-up was used in two different experiments during the first semester of college level general chemistry course. The topics covered were the molecular effect of heating water through the solid-liquid phase change and the kinetic molecular theory used in explaining pressure changes. The subjects used in the experiment were 236 college students enrolled in a freshman chemistry course at a large university. The data indicated that the simultaneous presentation of digital video, showing the solid to liquid phase change of water, with a molecular animation, showing the molecular behavior during the phase change, had a significant effect on student particulate understanding when compared to traditional recitation. Although the effect of the KMT tutorial was not statistically significant, there was a positive effect on student particulate understanding. The use of computer tutorial also had a significant effect on student attitude toward their comprehension of the lesson.

  13. Family traditions and generations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schneiderman, Gerald; Barrera, Maru

    2009-01-01

    Currently, traditional family values that have been passed down through generations appear to be at risk. This has significant implications for the stability and health of individuals, families, and communities. This article explores selected issues related to intergenerational transmission of family values and cultural beliefs, with particular reference to Western culture and values that are rooted in Jewish and Christian traditions. It also examines family values and parenting styles as they influence the developing perspective of children and the family's adaptation to a changing world.

  14. Renal replacement therapy in ICU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C Deepa

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Diagnosing and managing critically ill patients with renal dysfunction is a part of the daily routine of an intensivist. Acute kidney insufficiency substantially contributes to the morbidity and mortality of critically ill patients. Renal replacement therapy (RRT not only does play a significant role in the treatment of patients with renal failure, acute as well as chronic, but also has spread its domains to the treatment of many other disease conditions such as myaesthenia gravis, septic shock and acute on chronic liver failure. This article briefly outlines the role of renal replacement therapy in ICU.

  15. Prioritization methodology for chemical replacement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goldberg, Ben; Cruit, Wendy; Schutzenhofer, Scott

    1995-01-01

    This methodology serves to define a system for effective prioritization of efforts required to develop replacement technologies mandated by imposed and forecast legislation. The methodology used is a semi quantitative approach derived from quality function deployment techniques (QFD Matrix). QFD is a conceptual map that provides a method of transforming customer wants and needs into quantitative engineering terms. This methodology aims to weight the full environmental, cost, safety, reliability, and programmatic implications of replacement technology development to allow appropriate identification of viable candidates and programmatic alternatives.

  16. Wafer Replacement Cluster Tool (Presentation);

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Branz, H. M.

    2008-04-01

    This presentation on wafer replacement cluster tool discusses: (1) Platform for advanced R and D toward SAI 2015 cost goal--crystal silicon PV at area costs closer to amorphous Si PV, it's 15% efficiency, inexpensive substrate, and moderate temperature processing (<800 C); (2) Why silicon?--industrial and knowledge base, abundant and environmentally benign, market acceptance, and good efficiency; and (3) Why replace wafers?--expensive, high embedded energy content, and uses 50-100 times more silicon than needed.

  17. Effect of cheese as a fat replacer in fermented sausage

    OpenAIRE

    ERCOŞKUN, Hüdayi

    2012-01-01

    The effects of beef fat substitution with kashar cheese were studied in traditional Turkish fermented sausage; sucuk. Six sucuk formulations were prepared by replacing 0, 10, 20, 30, 40 and 50% of beef fat was substituted with kashar cheese. The fat substitution of fat with kashar cheese decreased fat content and increased protein content of the product that affected the chemical, physical and sensorial characteristics of products. Saturated fatty acid content increased and unsaturated, mono-...

  18. Teaching reforms required for Ayurveda.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Narayan, Jayaprakash

    2010-04-01

    This article concerns the 20th century saga of Ayurvedic Education up to the current situation, based on a general appreciation of knowledge in Ayurveda. In this light, it considers how to improve quality of teaching and teachers. This is most important, because in education, teachers are the custodians of tradition and knowledge. As those most responsible for maintaining or restoring quality, teachers have very important roles to play. The article also treats 'learning and teaching': who should learn Ayurveda, and how to teach Ayurveda so that it continues from generation to generation, leading to the final area of onsideration, reforms in teaching Ayurveda, and future prospects.

  19. Major Traditional Festivals

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Spring Festival is the most important and most celebrated Chinese traditional festival, and it is the only indigenous celebration with legal holidays. People have different opinions on the origin of the event. Many say it can be dated back to 4,000 years ago, when people sacrificed to their

  20. Making Tradition Healthy

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2007-11-01

    In this podcast, a Latina nutrition educator shows how a community worked with local farmers to grow produce traditionally enjoyed by Hispanic/Latinos.  Created: 11/1/2007 by National Diabetes Education Program (NDEP), a joint program of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the National Institutes of Health.   Date Released: 11/10/2007.

  1. 3.TRADITIONAL CHINESE MEDICINE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1992-01-01

    920220 Studies on plasma cortisol concen-tration and blood leukocyte content of gluco-corticoid receptors in patients with asthenia-cold asthenia-heat syndrome.ZHANG Guan-gyu (张广宇),XLE Zhufar (谢竹藩).Tradit & West

  2. Tradition in Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heisenberg, Werner

    1973-01-01

    Discusses the influence of tradition in science on selection of scientific problems and methods and on the use of concepts as tools for research work. Indicates that future research studies will be directed toward the change of fundamental concepts in such fields as astrophysics, molecular biology, and environmental science. (CC)

  3. Musical Traditions. Puzzle Corner.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andrews, Ian A.

    1999-01-01

    Discusses the changes in musical experiences, such as live versus recorded music, as society has developed technologically. Presents a crossword puzzle that focuses on the traditions and musicians of baroque, classical, and romantic music each originating in Europe. Includes the clues and word list. (CMK)

  4. Tibetan traditional medicine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    Tibetan medicine companies in T.A.R can manufacture more than 360 Tibetan patent medicines. There are 18 Tibetan medicine factories in Tibet, and total out value exceeds 3 billion yuan. 24 kinds of Tibetan patent medicines have been incorporated into State Fundamental Medicine List, in which 14 Tibetan patent medicines are listed in national protected traditional medicine category.

  5. Traditional healers formalised?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Niekerk, Jp

    2012-02-23

    Traditional healers are the first to be called for help when illness strikes the majority of South Africans. Their communities have faith in their ability to cure or alleviate conditions managed by doctors, and much more. A visit to such practitioners' websites (they are up with the latest advertising technology!) shows that they promise help with providing more power, love, security or money, protection from evil people and spirits, enhancing one's sex life with penis enlargement and vagina tightening spells, etc. Contemplating such claims, it is easy to be dismissive of traditional healers. But in this issue of the SAMJ Nompumelelo Mbatha and colleagues1 argue that the traditional healers' regulatory council, promised by an Act of Parliament, should be established, followed by (or preferably preceded by) formal recognition by employers of sick certificates issued by traditional healers. Can matters be so simply resolved? What does this mean for doctors and other formally recognised healthcare professionals, and how to respond to such claims and social pressures?

  6. Noodles, traditionally and today

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Na Zhang

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Chinese noodles originated in the Han dynasty, which has more than 4,000 years of history. There are many stories about the origin of noodles. To a certain extent, noodles also reflect the cultural traditions and customs of China, which essentially means “human nature” and “worldly common sense”. There are thousands of varieties of noodles in China, according to the classification of the shape of noodles, seasoning gravy, cooking craft, and so on. Many noodles have local characteristics. Noodles are accepted by people from all over the world. The industrial revolution and the development of the food industry realized the transition from a traditional handicraft industry to mass production using machinery. In addition, the invention of instant noodles and their mass production also greatly changed the noodle industry. In essence, noodles are a kind of cereal food, which is the main body of the traditional Chinese diet. It is the main source of energy for Chinese people and the most economical energy food. Adhering to the principle of “making cereal food the main food”, is to maintain our Chinese good diet tradition, which can avoid the disadvantages of a high energy, high fat, and low carbohydrate diet, and promote health. The importance of the status of noodles in the dietary structure of residents in our country and the health impact should not be ignored.

  7. Challenging tradition in Nigeria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Supriya, K E

    1991-01-01

    In Nigeria since 1987, the National Association of Nigeria Nurses and Midwives (NSNNM) has used traditional medial and traditional health care workers to curtail the practice of female circumcision. Other harmful traditions are being changed also, such as early marriage, taboos of pregnancy and childbirth, and scarification. 30,000 member of NANNM are involved in this effort to halt the harmful practices themselves and to change community opinion. The program involved national and state level workshops on harmful health consequences of traditional practices and instruction on how to conduct focus group discussions to assess women's beliefs and practices. The focus groups were found to be a particularly successful method of opening up discussion of taboo topics and expressing deep emotions. The response to the knowledge that circumcision was not necessary was rage and anger, which was channeled into advocacy roles or change in the practice. The result was the channeled into advocacy roles for change in the practice. The result was the development of books, leaflets and videos. One community group designed a dress with a decorative motif of tatoos and bodily cuts to symbolize circumcision and scarring. Plays and songs were written and performed. Artists provided models of female genitalia both before and after circumcision. The campaign has been successful in bringing this issue to the public attention in prominent ways, such a national television, health talk shows, and women;s magazines. One of the most important results of the effort has been the demonstration that culture and tradition can be changed from within, rather than from outside imposition of values and beliefs.

  8. The Model of Traditional Chinese Medicine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    薛崇成; 杨秋莉

    2003-01-01

    Medical model, which guides medical practice, belongs to the field of philosophy. It is retrospectivecognition in medicine abroad and changes with the conditions of medical practice. The biologicalmedical model came out in the 15th century. Since then, it has made a great deal of contributions tothe development of medicine. In the late years of the 19th century, biological medical model showedinadequate in some aspects. It was not replaced by biopsychosocial medical model until the 20thcentury. The model of traditional Chinese medicine is prospective. Its formula is Time - Space -Social - Psychological - Biological, which includes more elements than the model of modernmedicine, guiding the practice and development of traditional Chinese medicine for more than twothousand years

  9. The weight of phonological vs. phonetic accent in teaching pronunciation : Implications and applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edward Y. Odisho

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Teaching pronunciation especially in Second Language (L2 and Foreign Language (FL learning situations has traditionally involved some haphazard practices and procedures such as dealing with it mechanically and exclusively through modeling by the instructor and repetition by the learner as if speech is a mechanical skill and the exclusive function of the auditory sense. Moreover, teaching pronunciation in those situations has often failed to focus on aspects that are more important for effective and efficient communication and comprehension. Generally speaking, this paper is an attempt at shifting the pedagogy of teaching pronunciation in the cognitive direction since speech is physical only at its surface structure, but distinctly cognitive at its deep structure with the brain being at the helm of the efficient process of speech. This pedagogical shift is premised on two major principles. First, it promotes a multisensory (auditory, visual, tactile-kinesthetic and multicognitive (think, associate, analyze, synthesize etc… approach (MMA to replace the exclusively auditory one and build sets of teaching and learning strategies based on those three senses to function jointly whenever relevant. Second, to respond to the failure to secure effi cient pronunciation with no or with minimum accent, the dichotomy of phonological accent vs. phonetic accent is introduced. Phonological accent results from mispronunciations that lead to radical semantic (meaning change, whereas phonetic accent rarely interferes with meaning. From a didactic perspective, priority in teaching L2 or FL pronunciation should be geared in the direction of overcoming phonological accent first and then work on phonetic accent.

  10. Double emulsions as fat replacers

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Oppermann, Anika

    2017-01-01

    The use of double (w1/o/w2) emulsions, in which part of the oil is replaced by small water droplets, is a promising strategy to reduce oil content in food products. For successful applications, (1) significant levels of fat reduction (i.e. significant amounts of water inside the oil droplets) have

  11. Replacement policies for dairy cows

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Lars Relund

    In a recent paper a hierarchical Markov decision processes (MDP) with finite state and action space was formulated for the dairy cow replacement problem with stage lengths of 1 d. Bayesian updating was used to predict the performance of each cow in the herd and economic decisions were based...

  12. Electrocatalysts Prepared by Galvanic Replacement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Athanasios Papaderakis

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Galvanic replacement is the spontaneous replacement of surface layers of a metal, M, by a more noble metal, Mnoble, when the former is treated with a solution containing the latter in ionic form, according to the general replacement reaction: nM + mMnoblen+ → nMm+ + mMnoble. The reaction is driven by the difference in the equilibrium potential of the two metal/metal ion redox couples and, to avoid parasitic cathodic processes such as oxygen reduction and (in some cases hydrogen evolution too, both oxygen levels and the pH must be optimized. The resulting bimetallic material can in principle have a Mnoble-rich shell and M-rich core (denoted as Mnoble(M leading to a possible decrease in noble metal loading and the modification of its properties by the underlying metal M. This paper reviews a number of bimetallic or ternary electrocatalytic materials prepared by galvanic replacement for fuel cell, electrolysis and electrosynthesis reactions. These include oxygen reduction, methanol, formic acid and ethanol oxidation, hydrogen evolution and oxidation, oxygen evolution, borohydride oxidation, and halide reduction. Methods for depositing the precursor metal M on the support material (electrodeposition, electroless deposition, photodeposition as well as the various options for the support are also reviewed.

  13. On the Importance of Cultural Input in English Teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张丽娜

    2014-01-01

    English as a foreign language has been a subject in middle school of China for years. Teachers and educators generation by generation have been trying to find an optimal method of teaching foreign language to help students master it better. After unceasing explor-ing, traditional teaching pattern has been im-proved and new teaching approaches appear such as Task-based language teaching and com-municative language teaching. However, what-ever teaching methods English teachers use in the class, they should not ignore the cultural in-put in English teaching. The successful and effi-cient English teaching should transform the sin-gle language teaching into the combination of language teaching and cultural teaching. The thesis is concerned with the significance of cul-ture in English teaching. More specifical y, some consideration wil be given to the reasons and ways of teaching culture.

  14. Teaching and Learning Culture

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    inside and outside the classroom; at the same time, culture also influences the context of the learning. The context may be “invisible” and hide itself as tacit knowledge or embedded values, or it may be very visible and present itself as a fixed curriculum or an established tradition. No matter what......, including a student-centered task-based problem-based learning (PBL) approach, a digital technology-supported approach and more. It also reports on how, when teaching and learning culture, teachers’ professional identity and the informal teaching and learning environment impact the teaching and learning......, but instead, should explore how the context may be integrated into and used constructively in the teaching and learning of culture. This allowance of context in the classroom will allow for teachers, students, subjects and contexts to enter into a dialogue and negotiation of meaning that will enrich each...

  15. “It’s just really not me”: How pre-service English teachers from a traditional teacher education program experience student-teaching in charter-school networks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    April S. Salerno

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Though teacher educators nationwide are considering ways to provide urban placements for pre-service teachers (PSTs, little research has examined how PSTs experience placements in schools operated by charter management organizations (CMOs. This study considers CMOs—which often hold particular instructional and classroom management philosophies—as a specific type of school-based learning environment. We draw from a Discourse analytic theoretical framework using qualitative methodology to study how three English education focal PSTs experience disconnections between student-teaching placements at CMO schools and their teacher education program. Findings suggest three ways teacher educators can support PSTs in navigating school-based learning. PSTs in this study experienced contexts and philosophies that varied greatly between their schools and teacher education program. Implications include: (1 PSTs must feel that others in their schools value their learning; (2 PSTs in cohorts must feel they belong to learning communities; and (3 PSTs need support in confronting paradoxes they face between theory and practice.

  16. Rheological properties of rice-blackgram batter while replacing white rice with brown rice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manickavasagan, Annamalai; Al-Marhubi, Insaaf Mohd; Dev, Satyanarayan

    2014-06-01

    Rice-blackgram batter is a raw material for many traditional convenience foods in Asia. Reformulation of traditional convenience food by replacing white rice with whole rice (brown rice) is a novel method to reduce the consumption of refined grain and increase the intake of whole grain in our diet. In this study, rheological properties of rice-blackgram batter was investigated while replacing white rice with brown rice at five levels (T1--0% replacement (control), T2--25% replacement, T3--50% replacement, T4--75% replacement, and T5--100% replacement). The shear stress versus shear rate plot indicates that the rice-blackgram batter exhibited non-Newtonian fluid behavior (shear thinning property) even after 100% replacement of white rice with brown rice. The rheological characteristics of rice-blackgram batters fitted reasonably well in Cassan (r2 = 0.8521-0.9856) and power law (r2 = 0.8042-0.9823) models. Brown rice replacement at all levels did not affect the flow behavior index, yield stress, consistency coefficient, and apparent viscosity of batter at 25 degrees C. However, at higher temperature, the viscosity was greater for T4 and T5 (no difference between them) than T1, T2, and T3 (no difference between them) batters. Further research is required to determine the sensory attributes and acceptability of the cooked products with brown rice-blended batter.

  17. Bonding over Dentin Replacement Materials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meraji, Naghmeh; Camilleri, Josette

    2017-08-01

    Dentin replacement materials are necessary in large cavities to protect the pulp and reduce the bulk of filling material. These materials are layered with a composite resin restorative material. Microleakage caused by poor bonding of composite resin to underlying dentin replacement material will result in pulp damage. The aim of this study was to characterize the interface between dentin replacement materials and composite resin and to measure the shear bond strength after dynamic aging. Biodentine (Septodont, Saint Maur-des-Fosses, France), Theracal LC (Bisco, Schaumburg, IL), and Fuji IX (GC, Tokyo, Japan) were used as dentin replacement materials. They were then overlaid with a total-etch and bonding agent or a self-etch primer and composite resin or a glass ionomer cement. All combinations were thermocycled for 3000 cycles. The interface was characterized using scanning electron microscopy and elemental mapping. Furthermore, the shear bond strength was assessed. The Biodentine surface was modified by etching. The Theracal LC and Fuji IX microstructure was unchanged upon the application of acid etch. The Biodentine and glass ionomer interface showed an evident wide open space, and glass particles from the glass ionomer adhered to the Biodentine surface. Elemental migration was shown with aluminum, barium, fluorine, and ytterbium present in Biodentine from the overlying composite resin. Calcium was more stable. The bond strength between Theracal LC and composite using a total-etch technique followed by self-etch primer achieved the best bond strength values. Biodentine exhibited the weakest bond with complete failure of bonding shown after demolding and thermocycling. Dynamic aging is necessary to have clinically valid data. Bonding composite resin to water-based dentin replacement materials is still challenging, and further alternatives for restoration of teeth using such materials need to be developed. Copyright © 2017 American Association of Endodontists

  18. 以传统吟诵为核心的古诗教学新方法初探--从《登鹳雀楼》说开去%A New Method of Classical Poetry Teaching Centering on the Traditional Chanting-Taking Stepping upon the Stork Tower for Instance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郎瑞萍; 叶会昌

    2014-01-01

    At the beginning of 20th century,traditional private school education was forced to withdraw from the historical stage because of popularizing vernacular by the authorities.Since then,a lot of changes have been taken place in both reading and learning methods of Chinese.Consequently,ancient poetry teaching has changed mainly from syllabic rhyme and rhythm to textual interpretation.And the traditional reading method of introducing the background,explaining words,summarizing and reciting the poems has nearly been forgotten.In fact,modern reciting method is not enough to help people learn and appreciate ancient Chinese poems and prose,and obviously the traditional chanting is more suitable for the interpreta-tion of ancient Chinese poetry.%20世纪初,随着官方对白话文的普及,传统的私塾教育被迫退出历史舞台,中国人的读书方法、学习方法也发生了很大的改变。古代诗歌教学也因此一改前人重视音韵的教学模式,以主要解读文字为主,介绍背景、解释词语、总结大意、背诵诗歌,“吟诵”这一沿袭了几千年的读书方式也随之被遗忘。事实上,中国古代诗文用现代朗诵的方式来接受学习,有着很大的不足,而“吟诵”显然更适合解读中国古典诗歌。

  19. A kaleidoscopic vision about university teaching

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo FERNÁNDEZ RODRÍGUEZ

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper tries to open a debate about teaching knowledge avai­lable today in the university, showing a plurality of learning practices developed in it, some of which have become, whereas others proposals are ignored or hidden. To account for the analysis about teaching university, our methodology take it some experts have described like traditions of teacher education: the academic tra­dition, the technological tradition, the practice tradition, the personalist-humanist tradition, the critic/poscritic tradition. From these, we use two hermeneutics propo­sals: the paradigms of teacher education from Kenneth Zeichner, the hermeneutical strategies used by Nancy Fraser to discuss social policies. At the end, this paper defended the need to thinking about our practices as teachers, so that the analysis of discourse on the university teaching, our identification with them or not, and the subsequent debate, may emerging processes of professional development and teaching innovation.

  20. Life Cycle Assessment of an Ionic LIquid versus Traditional Solvents and Their Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ionic liquids (ILs) have been claimed as "greener" replacements to traditional solvents. HOwever, the environmental impacts of the life cycle phases including the making of ILs, their application, separation, etc., and comparison with alternative methods have not been studied. Su...

  1. PRESERVING A TRADITION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    COVER STORY The Chinese art of paper cutting has long been a popular pastime in the country’s rural areas.For more than 1,000 years,farming families have used it as a method for decorating their homes,but the tradition has struggled for survival in recent years.In Yanchuan County in China’s northwestern Shaanxi Province,however,the art form has experienced a revival thanks to the efforts of a local woman.Paper cutting master Gao Fenglian has invested her own money in establishing a paper cutting gallery in the region.The craft’s growing popularity has also fuelled a new wave of people wanting to learn how to cut.More than 10,000 of the county’s 200,000 are now skilled in the ancient craft,and its revival could serve as a model for the preservation of other Chinese traditions.

  2. Traditional Chinese Medicine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    2009013 Clinical observation on treatment of active rheumatoid arthritis with Chinese herbal medicine. SHENG Zhenghe(盛正和), et al.Dept TCM, 5th Affili Hosp, Guangxi Med Univ, Guangxi 545001. Chin J Integr Tradit West Med 2008;28(11):990-993. Objective To study the efficacy and safety of Chinese drugs for expelling evil-wind, removing dampness, promoting blood circulation and invigorating yin in treating active rheumatoid arthritis (RA).

  3. The tyranny of tradition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gulati, L

    1999-01-01

    This paper narrates the cruelty enforced by tradition on the lives of women in India. It begins with the life of the author's great-grandmother Ponnamma wherein the family was rigidly patriarchal, and Brahmin values were applied. Here, women had very little say in the decisions men made, were forced in an arranged marriage before puberty, were not sent to school, and were considered unimportant. This tradition lived on in the author's grandmother Seetha and in the life of her mother Saras. However, in the story of Saras, following the death of her husband, they departed from rigid Brahmin tradition and orthodoxy. Her mother, unperturbed by the challenges she faced, consistently devised ways to cope and succeeded in changing environment. Meaningless Brahmatic rituals and prayers found no place in her life, which she approached with a cosmopolitan and humanitarian outlook. In essence, she shaped the lives of three daughters and a son, and all her grandchildren, making a success of not only her own but of all whose lives she touched.

  4. Sadum: Traditional and Contemporary

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ratna Panggabean

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Sadum is one of the traditional cloths of the Batak people in North Sumatra. It is woven on a back strap loom with supplementary weft technique. Sadum is a warp faced weaving made of cotton and beads woven into the cloth. Ritually it is used as a shoulder cloth, gifts exchanges, and in dances. It also bears the symbol of good tidings and blessings for the receiver. The cloth has change during times in technique, color, patterns, as well as in functions. But the use as a ritual cloth stays the same. The basic weaving techniques and equipments used to create it hasn’t change, but its material and added techniques has made this cloth become more rich in color, pattern, and texture. Most changes began when the Europeans came to Indonesia and introduced new material such as synthetic fibers and colors. In the 70s traditional cloth of Indonesia got its boost when the government declared batik as Indonesian national attire. This encourages other traditional weavings to develop into contemporary clothing. Later, new techniques and material were introduced to the Sadum weavings including embroidery, silk and golden threads which were never used before.

  5. 浅谈因才施教在中职升本教学中的应用--以广西中医药大学为例%Discussion on the application of the teaching because it rise in teaching in Secondary Vocational Schools--In Guangxi University of traditional Chinese medicine as an example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李数霞; 孙正伊

    2016-01-01

    The education of secondary vocational school students entering undergraduate as an important part of vocational education, its talent training programs and other aspects is still in the exploratory stage. As the vocational Upgraded students in Guangxi University of Chinese Medicine, for example, based on the type of student characteristics, combined with the same training requirements of ordinary undergraduate, adjust the training program and teaching materials in the teaching process, especially in the teaching of basic courses, to achieve the purpose of teaching because he was. All of this lays the foundation for the training program of vocational education.%中职升本教育作为高职教育的重要组成部分,其人才培养方案等各方面尚处于探索阶段。以广西中医药大学中职升本学生为例,根据该类型学生特点,结合同专业普通本科的培养要求,在教学过程中特别是基础课程教学中,对于不适应这类型的培养方案及教材不断进行调整,真正做到因才施教,为制定中职升本专业的人才培养方案奠定基础。

  6. Teaching Anatomy in the XXI Century: New Aspects and Pitfalls

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Veronica Papa

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Anatomy has historically been a cornerstone in medical education regardless of nation, racial background, or medical school system. By learning gross anatomy, medical students get a first “impression” about the structure of the human body which is the basis for understanding pathologic and clinical problems. Although the importance of teaching anatomy to both undergraduate and postgraduate students remains undisputed, there is currently a relevant debate concerning methods of anatomy teaching. In the past century, dissection and lectures were its sole pedagogy worldwide. Recently, the time allocated for anatomy teaching was dramatically reduced to such an extent that some suggest that it has fallen below an adequate standard. Traditional anatomy education based on topographical structural anatomy taught in lectures and gross dissection classes has been replaced by a multiple range of study modules, including problem-based learning, plastic models or computer-assisted learning, and curricula integration. “Does the anatomical theatre still have a place in medical education?” And “what is the problem with anatomic specimens?” We endeavor to answer both of these questions and to contribute to the debate on the current situation in undergraduate and graduate anatomy education.

  7. [MINIMALLY INVASIVE AORTIC VALVE REPLACEMENT].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tabata, Minoru

    2016-03-01

    Minimally invasive aortic valve replacement (MIAVR) is defined as aortic valve replacement avoiding full sternotomy. Common approaches include a partial sternotomy right thoracotomy, and a parasternal approach. MIAVR has been shown to have advantages over conventional AVR such as shorter length of stay and smaller amount of blood transfusion and better cosmesis. However, it is also known to have disadvantages such as longer cardiopulmonary bypass and aortic cross-clamp times and potential complications related to peripheral cannulation. Appropriate patient selection is very important. Since the procedure is more complex than conventional AVR, more intensive teamwork in the operating room is essential. Additionally, a team approach during postoperative management is critical to maximize the benefits of MIAVR.

  8. Mitochondrial Replacement: Ethics And Identity

    OpenAIRE

    Wrigley, Anthony; Wilkinson, Stephen; Appleby, John B

    2015-01-01

    Mitochondrial replacement techniques (MRTs) have the potential to allow prospective parents who are at risk of passing on debilitating or even life-threatening mitochondrial disorders to have healthy children to whom they are genetically related. Ethical concerns have however been raised about these techniques. This article focuses on one aspect of the ethical debate, the question of whether there is any moral difference between the two types of MRT proposed: Pronuclear Transfer (PNT) and Mat...

  9. Construção de portfólios coletivos em currículos tradicionais: uma proposta inovadora de ensino-aprendizagem The construction of collective portfolios in traditional curriculums: an innovative approach in teaching-learning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosângela Minardi Mitre Cotta

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Tradicionalmente, a educação em saúde se baseia em metodologias de transmissão de conhecimentos. Porém, agora se exige a formação de profissionais com perfil crítico-reflexivo e capazes de trabalhar em equipes. O que requer novas metodologias de ensino-aprendizagem, tendo na problematização um instrumento de transformação. É relatada experiência utilizando a construção de portfólios coletivos na aprendizagem, como mudança de atitudes e na avaliação de alunos de graduação, em contexto de estrutura curricular tradicional e por disciplinas. Estudo exploratório descritivo, com abordagem quali-quantitativa, fundamentado na análise de portfólios coletivos (n= 9, construídos pelos acadêmicos da disciplina Políticas de Saúde, complementado com a aplicação de um questionário aberto aos alunos (n=58 e com a realização de grupos focais (n=3. Os portfólios coletivos mobilizaram o pensamento crítico-reflexivo sobre a política do Sistema Único de Saúde, ampliando a concepção sobre o processo saúde-doença e as práticas relacionadas aos serviços de saúde, valorizando o trabalho em equipe e a busca ativa na construção do conhecimento, destacando-se os exercícios da alteridade, resiliência e empoderamento.Education to promote health has traditionally been based on knowledge transmission methodologies. However, the current scenario calls for the training of professionals with a critical-reflective profile, who are able to work in teams. We present the report of an innovative experience using the construction of collective portfolios as instruments of learning, changing attitudes and training of undergraduates, in a traditional subject-based curriculum structure context. It is a descriptive exploratory study, with a qualitative-quantitative approach, based on analysis of collective portfolios (n=9, built by Health Policy students, together with an open questionnaire to students who attended the course (n=58 and also

  10. Replacing magnets at the LHC

    CERN Multimedia

    LHC, LSI2, Point 4

    2013-01-01

    CERN engineers have been working through the night this week to move the final replacement dipole magnets into position on the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). Though there are several still to go, the teams expect to have completed the task by the end of this month. Dipole magnets bend the paths of particles as they travel around the circular accelerator. Of the LHC's 1232 dipoles – each 15 metres long and weighing 35 tonnes – 15 are being replaced as part of the long shutdown of CERN's accelerator complex. These 15 magnets suffered wear and tear during the LHC's first 4-year run. Three quadrupole-magnet assemblies – which help to focus particles into a tight beam – have also been replaced. Moving such heavy magnets requires specially adapted cranes and trailers both above and below ground. There are several access points on the LHC. Some, such as the 100-metre vertical access shaft down to the ALICE experiment, are equipped with lifts to allow technical personnel and visitors down to the caverns. Other ...

  11. Results of Austin Moore replacement.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jadhav A

    1996-04-01

    Full Text Available Forty cases of Austin Moore Replacement done for transcervical fractures of the femur in patients were reviewed after a period of 12 to 48 months postoperatively (mean 26 mth. 30 cases (75% had mild to severe pain of non-infective origin, starting as early as 6 months postoperatively. This was irrespective of the make, size or position (varus/valgus of the prosthesis. Though the Aufranc and Sweet clinical scoring was satisfactory in 65% cases, radiological evidence of complications like sinking, protrusion, etc. were seen in majority of the cases. Calcar resorption was seen in 34 cases (85% as early as 4 months postoperatively. Results of THR and bipolar replacement done for transcervical fractures in recent literature show 85% pain-free cases at 5 years. We feel that Austin Moore Replacement should be reserved for patients more than 65 years of age and those who are less active or debilitated because of other factors, because of increased acetabular wear with time in the younger individual. This is corroborated by unsatisfactory results in patients less than 65 years of age (p < 0.05.

  12. The caudal septum replacement graft.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foda, Hossam M T

    2008-01-01

    To describe a technique for reconstructing the lost tip support in cases involving caudal septal and premaxillary deficiencies. The study included 120 patients with aesthetic and functional nasal problems resulting from the loss of caudal septal and premaxillary support. An external rhinoplasty approach was performed to reconstruct the lost support using a cartilaginous caudal septum replacement graft and premaxillary augmentation with Mersilene mesh. The majority of cases (75%) involved revisions in patients who had previously undergone 1 or more nasal surgical procedures. A caudal septum replacement graft was combined with premaxillary augmentation in 93 patients (77.5%). The mean follow-up period was 3 years (range, 1-12 years). The technique succeeded in correcting the external nasal deformities in all patients and resulted in a significant improvement in breathing in 74 patients (86%) with preoperative nasal obstruction. There were no cases of infection, displacement, or extrusion. The caudal septum replacement graft proved to be very effective in restoring the lost tip support in patients with caudal septal deficiency. Combining the graft with premaxillary augmentation using Mersilene mesh helped increase support and stability over long-term follow-up.

  13. Buton, Islamization, and this Manuscript Tradition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Rosdin

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Buton the beginning of the country is filled with myths, which serves to form a world view of cosmocentric in determining descriptions of time, space, and society. Buton as a kingdom lasted for over two centuries (1327-1541 and then continued with a sultanate era for more than four centuries (1541-1960. During the era of the kingdom, Buton was not acquainted with script and literary tradition. Apparently, tradition of writing manuscript was firstly known in the sultanate era, when the process of Islamization began by the scholars who introduced the tradition of reading and writing the Arabic script, which was later modified into a Buton script (Buri Wolio. Sultanate built on the basis of ideology of Islam and Sufism applied teachings of “martabat tujuh” on the system and structure of government. The manuscripts tradition achieved its golden peak in the reign of the 29th Sultan, La Ode Muhammad Idrus Kaimuddin (1824-1851, which was instituted in a Zawiah school. Today, there are about 340 texts in Buton manuscripts, which are mostly found in the collections of Abdul Mulku Zahari. In addition, there are still many other texts may be found on varied other private collections, which the numbers are difficult to determine because of various reasons.

  14. Integrating Internet Tools into Traditional CS Distance Education Students' Attitudes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gal-Ezer, Judith; Lupo, David

    2002-01-01

    Describes a study conducted on the attitudes of students towards the integration of the Web as a channel of communication and a study tool in traditional distance teaching of Computer Science (CS) at the Open University of Israel. Results of questionnaires show the Web cannot substitute entirely for face-to-face learning. (Author/LRW)

  15. Feminist Policy Analysis: Expanding Traditional Social Work Methods

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kanenberg, Heather

    2013-01-01

    In an effort to move the methodology of policy analysis beyond the traditional and artificial position of being objective and value-free, this article is a call to those working and teaching in social work to consider a feminist policy analysis lens. A review of standard policy analysis models is presented alongside feminist models. Such a…

  16. The Evaluation of the Traditional Grammar Curriculum in The Netherlands.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wesdorp, Hildo

    1984-01-01

    The two major justifications for the traditional grammar curriculum in Dutch schools are: (1) its superiority to direct skill training in improving general language ability; and (2) its facilitation of teaching and learning foreign languages. An evaluative investigation, which included a literature review and logbook and textbook surveys, found no…

  17. Feminist Policy Analysis: Expanding Traditional Social Work Methods

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kanenberg, Heather

    2013-01-01

    In an effort to move the methodology of policy analysis beyond the traditional and artificial position of being objective and value-free, this article is a call to those working and teaching in social work to consider a feminist policy analysis lens. A review of standard policy analysis models is presented alongside feminist models. Such a…

  18. Traditional Tibetan Festivals

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1996-01-01

    On the Tibetan calendar,the first day of the first month is New Year or "Losar"asit is called in the Tibetan language.Tibetan New Year is very similar to the Spring Festival of the Hans (Chinese Majorith) in that it is celebrated as a traditional festival and that it falls during the same period as that of the Spring Festival except in the leap years when it is a month later.Every year upon the coming of the festival the Tibetan people are busy making new clothes,brewing qingke(highland barley grown in Tibet)

  19. Traditional sorghum beer "ikigage"

    OpenAIRE

    Lyumugabe Loshima, François

    2010-01-01

    Samples of traditional sorghum beer Ikigage was collected in the southern province of Rwanda and analyzed for microbiological and physico-chemical contents. Ikigage contained total aerobic mesophilic bacteria (33.55 x 106 cfu/ml), yeast (10.15 x 106 cfu/ml), lactic acid bacteria (35.35 x 104 cfu/ml), moulds (4.12 x 104 cfu/ml), E. coli (21.90 x 103 cfu/ml), fecal streptococci (22.50 x 103 cfu/ml), Staphylococcus aureus (16.02 x 103 cfu/ml), total coliform (32.30 x 103 cfu/ml), eth...

  20. Feminism and Islamic Tradition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Winifred Woodhull

    1993-01-01

    Full Text Available "Feminism and Islamic Tradition" explores the territory mapped by Fatima Mernissi in Sultanes oublées (1990 and Le Harem politique: Le Prophète et les femmes (1987 in relation to that charted by Assia Djebar in her latest novel Loin de Médine (1991. The aim is to see why Maghrebian feminists as different as Mernissi and Djebar—a liberal democratic sociologist and a postmodern writer—have begun to move into Arab-Islamic cultural-political spaces which, until recently, have been occupied mainly by various Islamic fundamentalist factions and other right-wing groups such as conservative nationalists in the Maghreb. The essay delineates the change between these writers' recent work and their earlier writing. It then considers their revaluations of Islamic tradition in light of the work of feminists and other progressives in Muslim countries who are resisting the growing power of Islamic fundamentalisms in various geopolitical contexts while at the same time contesting western orientalist views of Islam and Muslim culture.

  1. Fusion following failed total ankle replacement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wünschel, Markus; Leichtle, Ulf G; Leichtle, Carmen I; Walter, Christian; Mittag, Falk; Arlt, Eva; Suckel, Andreas

    2013-04-01

    Although mid- to long-term results after total ankle replacement have improved because of available second- and third-generation devices, failure of total ankle replacement is still more common compared with total hip replacement and total knee replacement. The portfolio of available total ankle replacement revision component options is small. Furthermore, the bone stock of the tibiotalar region is scarce making it difficult and in some situations impossible to perform revision total ankle replacement. In these cases tibiotalar and tibiotalocalcaneal fusions are valuable options. This article describes which surgical procedures should be performed depending on the initial situation and gives detailed advice on surgical technique, postoperative care, and clinical results.

  2. Aortic and Mitral Valve Replacement Through a Single Transverse Aortotomy: A Useful Approach in Difficult Mitral Valve Exposure

    OpenAIRE

    Carmichael, Michael J.; Cooley, Denton A.; Favor, Arsenio S.

    1983-01-01

    Replacement of the mitral valve through a standard vertical left atriotomy in patients requiring both aortic and mitral valve replacement can be very difficult. This is especially true in patients who have undergone previous median sternotomy. Replacement of the mitral valve through the aortic root after excision of the aortic valve is described in two case reports. This is a convenient approach when traditional exposure of the mitral valve is impractical in patients requiring double valve re...

  3. Physiology and Endocrinology Symposium: Nutritional aspects of developing replacement heifers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Funston, R N; Martin, J L; Larson, D M; Roberts, A J

    2012-04-01

    Studies in numerous species provide evidence that diet during development can mediate physiological changes necessary for puberty. In cattle, several studies have reported inverse correlations between postweaning growth rate and age at puberty and heifer pregnancy rates. Thus, postweaning growth rate was determined to be an important factor affecting age of puberty, which in turn influences pregnancy rates. This and other research conducted during the late 1960s through the early 1980s indicated puberty occurs at a genetically predetermined size, and only when heifers reach their target BW can increased pregnancy rates be obtained. Guidelines were established indicating replacement heifers should achieve 60 to 65% of their expected mature BW by breeding. Traditional approaches for postweaning development of replacement heifers used during the last several decades have primarily focused on feeding heifers to achieve or exceed an appropriate target BW and thereby maximize heifer pregnancy rates. Intensive heifer development systems may maximize pregnancy rates, but not necessarily optimize profit or sustainability. Since inception of target BW guidelines, subsequent research demonstrated that the growth pattern heifers experience before achieving a critical target BW could be varied. Altering rate and timing of BW gain can result in compensatory growth periods, providing an opportunity to decrease feed costs. Recent research has demonstrated that feeding replacement heifers to traditional target BW increased development costs without improving reproduction or subsequent calf production relative to development systems in which heifers were developed to lighter target BW ranging from 50 to 57% of mature BW.

  4. Radiology of total hip replacement

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Griffiths, H.J.; Lovelock, J.E.; McCollister Evarts, C.; Geyer, D.

    1984-06-01

    The radiology of total hip replacement (THR) and its complications is reviewed in conjunction with a long-term follow-up study on 402 patients with 501 prostheses. The indications, contraindications, biomechanics, and operative management of these patients is discussed. Clinical complications such as deep vein thrombosis, pulmonary embolism, and hemorrhage are mentioned. Postoperative infections including granulomatous pseudotumors, dislocations and fractures, true loosening of the prosthesis, and heterotopic bone formation (HBF) are discussed and illustrated. The importance of differentiating the lucent line from true loosening is stressed. Mechanical and other clinical complications which are largely ignored by radiologists are also discussed. The uses of arthrography and bone scanning are included.

  5. [Proximal and total femur replacement].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pennekamp, P H; Wirtz, D C; Dürr, H R

    2012-07-01

    Reconstruction of segmental bone defects of the proximal femur following wide tumor resection or revision arthroplasty. Aggressive benign or primary malignant bone tumors of the proximal femur; destructive metastases; massive segmental bone defects of the proximal femur; periprosthetic fractures. Local infection; very short life expectancy (acetabular bone stock. Anterolateral approach. Exposure and detachment of the iliopsoas and gluteus medius muscle from the proximal femur with a sufficient safety margin to the bone; distal transsection of the vastus lateralis/intermedius and rectus femoris muscle according to the extraosseous tumor extension; distal femur osteotomy al least 3 cm beyond the farthest point of tumor extension; in case of total femur replacement, additional lateral arthrotomy of the knee with resection of the ligaments and menisci; reaming of the medullary canal after securing the shaft with a Verbrugge clamp; trial assembly and reduction followed by the definitive implantation of the prosthesis with adjustment of the femoral neck anteversion in 5° increments; soft tissue reconstruction and fixation to an attachment tube covering the prosthesis; in case of total femur replacement, the preparation of the tibia is followed by the coupling of the tibial and femoral components. Infection prophylaxis, 20 kg partial weight bearing, continuous passive motion. A total of 20  patients with proximal femur replacement and 2 patients with total femur replacement implanted between June 2007 and December 2011 were retrospectively reviewed. Three patients had primary malignant bone tumors, while 19 patients underwent resection for metastatic disease. The mean age at surgery was 62.0 ± 18.1 years (18-82 years). Fifteen patients with a mean follow-up of 20.3 ± 17.2 months (4-51 months) were studied. Among the 22 cases, periprosthetic infection occurred in 3 patients (13.6%), dislocation in 2 patients (9.1%). Evaluation of the functional

  6. Meal Replacement Mass Reduction and Integration Acceptability Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sirmons, T.; Barrett, A.; Richardson, M.; Arias, D.; Schneiderman, J.; Slack, K.; Williams, T.; Douglas, G.

    2017-01-01

    NASA, in planning for long-duration missions, has an imperative to provide a food system with the necessary nutrition, acceptability, and safety to ensure sustainment of crew health and performance. The Orion Multi-Purpose Crew Vehicle (MPCV) and future exploration missions are mass constrained; therefore the team is challenged to reduce the mass of the food system by 10% while maintaining product safety, nutrition, and acceptability. Commercially available products do not meet the nutritional requirements for a full meal replacement in the spaceflight food system, and it is currently unknown if daily meal replacements will impact crew food intake and psychosocial health over time. The purpose of this study was to develop a variety of nutritionally balanced breakfast replacement bars that meet spaceflight nutritional, microbiological, sensorial, and shelf-life requirements, while enabling a 10% savings in food mass. To date, six nutrient-dense meal replacement bars (approximately 700 calories per bar) have been developed, using traditional methods of compression as well as novel ultrasonic compression technologies developed by Creative Resonance Inc. (Phoenix, AZ). The four highest rated bars were evaluated in the Human Exploration Research Analog (HERA) to assess the frequency with which actual meal replacement options may be implemented. Specifically, overall impact of bars on mood, satiety, digestive discomfort, and satisfaction with food. These factors are currently being analyzed to inform successful implementation strategies where crew maintain adequate food intake. In addition, these bars are currently undergoing shelf-life testing to determine long-term sensory acceptability, nutritional stability, qualitative stability of analytical measurements (i.e. water activity and texture), and microbiological compliance over two years of storage at room temperature and potential temperature abuse conditions to predict long-term acceptability. It is expected that

  7. Nonclinical Development of BCG Replacement Vaccine Candidates

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bernd Eisele

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available The failure of current Mycobacterium bovis bacille Calmette–Guérin (BCG vaccines, given to neonates to protect against adult tuberculosis and the risk of using these live vaccines in HIV-infected infants, has emphasized the need for generating new, more efficacious and safer replacement vaccines. With the availability of genetic techniques for constructing recombinant BCG (rBCG strains containing well-defined gene deletions or insertions, new vaccine candidates are under evaluation at both the preclinical and clinical stages of development. Since most BCG vaccines in use today were evaluated in clinical trials decades ago and are produced by outdated processes, the development of new BCG vaccines offers a number of advantages that include a modern well-defined manufacturing process along with state-of-the-art evaluation of safety and efficacy in target populations. We provide a description of the preclinical development of two novel rBCGs, VPM1002 that was constructed by adding a modified hly gene coding for the protein listeriolysin O (LLO from Listeria monocytogenes and AERAS-422, which carries a modified pfoA gene coding for the protein perfringolysin O (PFO from Clostridium perfringens, and three genes from Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Novel approaches like these should be helpful in generating stable and effective rBCG vaccine candidates that can be better characterized than traditional BCG vaccines.

  8. TOWARDS MORE EFFECTIVE PRONUNCIATION TEACHING

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    While pronunciation instruction is going through somerevolutionary change in the international TESL field,mostteachers in China still keep to the traditional approach,which isbelieved to give priority to the wrong aspects of pronunciation.This paper aims to help teachers update theoretical knowledgeand beliefs about pronunciation teaching and,through areasonable integration of various findings,search for ways toimprove the effectiveness of pronunciation teaching at thetertiary level in China.

  9. Communicative language teaching in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王璐

    2014-01-01

    In the last thirty years,the traditional approach of English language teaching(ELT)is widely used in China. From then on,to improve communicative competence of Chinese students,communicative language teaching(CLT)was introduced into China in 1980s.To adapt CLT successfully into English education,numbers efforts have been given. However, although many efforts have been expanded,adapting CLT in Chinese context seems to need a long way to go.

  10. TRADITIONAL CHINESE MEDICINE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1993-01-01

    930433 A study on relationship between hy-pothyroidism and deficiency of kidney YANG.ZHA Lianglun(查良伦),et al.lnstit Integr TCM& West Med,Shanghai Med Univ,Shanghai,200040.Chin J Integr Tradit & West Med 1993;13(4):202—204.Thirty—two cases of hypothyroidism causedby various factors were treated for one year withChinese medicinal herbs preparation“Shen Lutablet”(SLT)to warm and reinforce the KidneyYang.34 normal persons were studied as a con-trol group.After treatment with SLT,the clini-cal symptoms of hypothyroidism were markedlyimproved.Average serum concentration of totalT3,T4 increased significantly from 67.06±4.81

  11. Patient Satisfaction With Postpartum Teaching Methods

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Wagner, Debra L; Washington, Cynthia

    2016-01-01

    .... This quasi-experimental study examined the relationship between new mothers' interaction with nurses providing postpartum instructions by the traditional and class methods and their satisfaction with discharge teaching...

  12. Surface neuromuscular electrical stimulation for quadriceps strengthening pre and post total knee replacement.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Monaghan, Brenda

    2010-01-01

    Total knee replacement has been demonstrated to be one of the most successful procedures in the treatment of osteoarthritis. However quadriceps weakness and reductions in function are commonly reported following surgery. Recently Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation (NMES) has been used as an adjunct to traditional strengthening programmes. This review considers the effectiveness of NMES as a means of increasing quadriceps strength in patients before and after total knee replacement.

  13. B Plant process piping replacement feasibility study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Howden, G.F.

    1996-02-07

    Reports on the feasibility of replacing existing embedded process piping with new more corrosion resistant piping between cells and between cells and a hot pipe trench of a Hanford Site style canyon facility. Provides concepts for replacement piping installation, and use of robotics to replace the use of the canyon crane as the primary means of performing/supporting facility modifications (eg, cell lining, pipe replacement, equipment reinstallation) and operational maintenenace.

  14. REMINDER REPLACEMENT OF FRENCH CARDS

    CERN Multimedia

    Human Resources Division; Cards.Service@cern.ch

    2001-01-01

    The French Ministry of Foreign Affairs is currently replacing all diplomatic cards, special cards and employment permits («attestations de fonctions») held by members of the personnel and their families. These cards are replaced by secure, computerized equivalents. The old cards may no longer be used after 31 December 2001. For the purposes of the handover, members of the personnel must go personally to the cards office (33/1-015) between 8h30 and 12h30, in order to fill in a «fiche individuelle» form, taking the following documents for themselves and members of their families already in possession of a French card : A recent identity photograph in 4.5 cm x 3.5 cm format, the French card in their possession, an A4 photocopy of the same French card, certified by the cards office as being a true copy. Those members of the personnel whose cards (and/or cards belonging to members of their families) are shortly due to expire, or have recently done so, are also requested...

  15. A Comparison of Online and Traditional Instructional Delivery Methods on Learning in College Macroeconomics Courses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rivas, Rodolfo R.

    2009-01-01

    This exploratory study centered its investigation in the participants' responses provided in 2 different instructional teaching delivery methods (traditional and online) that utilized active-like teaching learning techniques (case studies, group projects, threaded discussions, class discussions, office hours, lectures, computerized assignments,…

  16. Instant e-Teaching Framework Model for Live Online Teaching

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suhailan Safei

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Instant e-Teaching is a new concept that supplements e-Teaching and e-Learning environment in providing a full and comprehensive modern education styles. The e-Learning technology depicts the concept of enabling self-learning among students on a certain subject using online reference and materials. While the instant e-teaching requires 'face-to-face' characteristic between teacher and student to simultaneously execute actions and gain instant responses. The word instant enhances the e-Teaching with the concept of real time teaching. The challenge to exercise online and instant teaching is not just merely relying on the technologies and system efficiency, but it needs to satisfy the usability and friendliness of the system as to replicate the traditional class environment during the deliveries of the class. For this purpose, an instant e-Teaching framework is been developed that will emulate a dedicated virtual classroom, and primarily designed for synchronous and live sharing of current teaching notes. The model has been demonstrated using a teaching Arabic recitation prototype and evaluated from the professional user profession's perspectives.

  17. Human Anatomy: Let the Students Tell Us How to Teach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davis, Christopher R.; Bates, Anthony S.; Ellis, Harold; Roberts, Alice M.

    2014-01-01

    Anatomy teaching methods have evolved as the medical undergraduate curriculum has modernized. Traditional teaching methods of dissection, prosection, tutorials and lectures are now supplemented by anatomical models and e-learning. Despite these changes, the preferences of medical students and anatomy faculty towards both traditional and…

  18. Human Anatomy: Let the Students Tell Us How to Teach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davis, Christopher R.; Bates, Anthony S.; Ellis, Harold; Roberts, Alice M.

    2014-01-01

    Anatomy teaching methods have evolved as the medical undergraduate curriculum has modernized. Traditional teaching methods of dissection, prosection, tutorials and lectures are now supplemented by anatomical models and e-learning. Despite these changes, the preferences of medical students and anatomy faculty towards both traditional and…

  19. Locus of Control, Attitudes toward Education, and Teaching Behaviors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kremer, Lya

    1982-01-01

    Tests 191 elementary school teachers in northern Israel for the relationships among locus of control, traditional and progressive educational attitudes, and related teaching behaviors. Finds external and internal locus of control explain the variance in traditional and progressive attitudes, respectively, and teaching behaviors. (Author/LC)

  20. Integration of Histology Lectures and Practical Teaching in China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lu, Xiaoye; Cheng, Xin; Li, Ke; Lee, Kenneth Ka Ho; Yang, Xuesong

    2016-01-01

    Objectives: Human histology is a discipline concerning the study of microscopic structures of human tissues and organs--with the aid of light or electron microscopes. Traditional teaching of histology is composed of two separated components, theory and practice. The main disadvantage with traditional histology teaching is the detachment of theory…

  1. Confronting hip resurfacing and big femoral head replacement gait analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Panagiotis K. Karampinas

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Improved hip kinematics and bone preservation have been reported after resurfacing total hip replacement (THRS. On the other hand, hip kinematics with standard total hip replacement (THR is optimized with large diameter femoral heads (BFH-THR. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the functional outcomes of THRS and BFH-THR and correlate these results to bone preservation or the large femoral heads. Thirty-one patients were included in the study. Gait speed, postural balance, proprioception and overall performance. Our results demonstrated a non-statistically significant improvement in gait, postural balance and proprioception in the THRS confronting to BFH-THR group. THRS provide identical outcomes to traditional BFH-THR. The THRS choice as bone preserving procedure in younger patients is still to be evaluated.

  2. The Present Situation and Countermeasure Research of National Tradition Sports in Sports Teaching of College National Matriculation%民族传统体育在高校民族预科体育教学中的开展现状及对策研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张学文; 龙佩林

    2012-01-01

    In order to change the present situation of matriculation studentsJattendence in physical course, and to form positive and healthy habits, the paper researches and compares the present situation and development of the national tradition sports in between the university nationality preparatory course sports teaching and the university ordinary sports teaching by the literature material in- vestigation and study, the questionnaire survey, the mathematical statistic, the comparison method and other methods. The results indicate that: ( 1 ) a majority of matriculation students have a strong interest in learning and training of the traditional sports; ( 2 ) they have right attitude, clear motive and positive healthy thoughts; ( 3 ) the students like sports, entertainment project with a high degree of such as Gaojiao and shoes racing, Tiao Zhugan, skipping, etc. ;(4)exercise time mainly concentrates in 30,40rain, by the low - intensity primarily, and only one third students do exercise three times in every week; (5) they show perfect satisfac- tion for the sports guide and the general satisfaction for sports location facility. Based on the statistic and analysis of the investiga- tion present situation, with the actual teaching conditions and circumstances , the paper proposes a corresponding development strategies.%通过文献资料调研、问卷调查、数理统计、对比法等对民族传统体育在高校民族预科体育教学中的开展现状及与其在高校普通体育教学中的开展现状进行了综合对比研究。以期能改变当前预科生体育参与的现状,形成积极、健康的体育行为。结果表明:(1)大多数预科生对民族传统体育有较浓厚的学习和锻炼兴趣;(2)锻炼态度端正,动机明确,积极健康;(3)喜欢竞技、娱乐性结合度较高的项目,如高脚和板鞋竞速、跳竹竿、跳绳等;(4)锻炼时间主要集中在30-40min,以中小

  3. Kumaravadivelu's Framework as a Basis for Improving English Language Teaching in Saudi Arabia: Opportunities and Challenges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahmad, Afnan Masaoud

    2014-01-01

    This paper discusses the issues with EFL teaching in Saudi Arabia, including the reliance on traditional teaching methodologies and banning use of first languages in classrooms. As a result, these traditional teaching practices produce less proficient learners who have limited knowledge about proper linguistic use. In order to overcome these…

  4. Preservice Elementary Teachers' Beliefs about Science Teaching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yilmaz-Tuzun, Ozgul

    2008-01-01

    In this study, a Beliefs About Teaching (BAT) scale was created to examine preservice elementary science teachers' self-reported comfort level with both traditional and reform-based teaching methods, assessment techniques, classroom management techniques, and science content. Participants included 166 preservice teachers from three different US…

  5. Use of Group Tasks in Teaching English

    OpenAIRE

    Bharti Rathore

    2012-01-01

    In the modern education system, there have been revolutionary changes in education. Technology has changed the overall outlook of schooling. Now teacher is acting as resource person rather than a traditional classroom teacher with chalk and blackboard. Ne Key words: Group task, teaching method, English teaching

  6. Teaching undergraduate neuroscience in the digital age.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Korey, Christopher A

    2009-01-01

    The Internet is enhancing and challenging traditional approaches to teaching undergraduate neuroscience. In addition to the new FUN-supported development of a Society for Neuroscience Portal for higher education, there is a wealth of available teaching resources currently housed on the web. This article discusses the current state of digital libraries and introduces a series of exemplary web-based classroom resources.

  7. The Cultural Component of Language Teaching.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kramsch, Claire

    1995-01-01

    This article proposes a theoretical framework for teaching culture through language that suspends the traditional dichotomy between the universal and the particular in language teaching and embraces the particular as a platform for dialogue and as a common struggle to realign differences. (30 references) (Author/CK)

  8. Koru: Teaching Mindfulness to Emerging Adults

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rogers, Holly B.

    2013-01-01

    Although there is much interest in teaching mindfulness to college students and other emerging adults, traditional methods of teaching mindfulness and meditation are not always effective for reaching this age group. Koru is a program, developed at Duke University, that has been specifically designed with the developmental characteristics of…

  9. Koru: Teaching Mindfulness to Emerging Adults

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rogers, Holly B.

    2013-01-01

    Although there is much interest in teaching mindfulness to college students and other emerging adults, traditional methods of teaching mindfulness and meditation are not always effective for reaching this age group. Koru is a program, developed at Duke University, that has been specifically designed with the developmental characteristics of…

  10. Towards Teaching Chemistry as a Language

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laszlo, Pierre

    2013-01-01

    This paper presents views on the teaching of chemistry and directions for its further development. A detailed critical analysis is offered for the inadequacy of much of the current teaching, weighed that it is by a conventional, traditional and, as it turns out, rather outdated sense of the material to be covered. The ambient meta-discourse on the…

  11. On English Teaching in Maritime Colleges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shen, Jiang; Wang, Honggui

    2011-01-01

    According to English level of Chinese ocean sailors at present, we analyze the characteristics and instruction needs of navigation English and point out current English teaching in maritime specialty has many problems. Traditional teaching modes are not suitable for modern maritime needs any longer. So we propose feasible methods and…

  12. Student Perceptions of Learner-Centered Teaching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wohlfarth, DeDe; Sheras, Daniel; Bennett, Jessica L.; Simon, Bethany; Pimentel, Jody H.; Gabel, Laura E.

    2008-01-01

    The learner-centered paradigm departs from traditional teaching models by focusing on students more than teachers and learning more than teaching. Thus, classes are more egalitarian; they emphasize critical thinking, active learning, and real-world assignments. Graduate students in learner-centered classrooms were surveyed about perceptions of…

  13. Ecological Impacts of Replacing Traditional Roofs with Green Roofs in Two Urban Areas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Timothy Carter

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Urban land cover is dominated by impervious surface that degrades both terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems relative to predevelopment conditions. There are significant opportunities for designers of urban landscapes to use alternative land covers that have multiple functions, benefiting both human and nonhuman components of the urban ecosystem. Vegetated (green roofs are one form of alternative land cover that has shown the potential to provide a variety of ecological benefits in urban areas. We evaluated how stormwater retention, building energy and temperature, and rooftop habitat are influenced by the use of green roofs using test plots in Georgia and Massachusetts. Green roofs were shown to recreate part of the predevelopment hydrology through increasing interception, stormwater storage, evaporation, and transpiration on the rooftop and worked extremely well for small storm events. Temperature reductions were found on the green rooftop as compared to an asphalt surface, although other roof technologies that minimize temperatures, such as lighter colored membranes, provide similar benefits. Novel habitat was created on the rooftop, although the extent of this habitat was limited in part by plant survivability and the need for additional water inputs for diverse plant communities to survive. Despite the challenges, the green roof benefits reported here suggest that green roofs can be used effectively as a multifunctional land cover in urban areas.

  14. Are Live Ultrasound Models Replaceable? Traditional versus Simulated Education Module for FAST Exam

    OpenAIRE

    Suzanne Bentley; Gurpreet Mudan; Christopher Strother; Nelson Wong

    2015-01-01

    Introduction: The focused assessment with sonography for trauma (FAST) is a commonly used and life-saving tool in the initial assessment of trauma patients. The recommended emergency medicine (EM) curriculum includes ultrasound and studies show the additional utility of ultrasound training for medical students. EM clerkships vary and often do not contain formal ultrasound instruction. Time constraints for facilitating lectures and hands-on learning of ultrasound are challenging. Limitations o...

  15. UV Fluorescence Photography of Works of Art : Replacing the Traditional UV Cut Filters with Interference Filters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luís BRAVO PEREIRA

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available For many years filters like the Kodak Wratten E series, or the equivalent Schneider B+W 415, were used as standard UV cut filters, necessary to obtain good quality on UV Fluorescence photography. The only problem with the use of these filters is that, when they receive the UV radiation that they should remove, they present themselves an internal fluorescence as side effect, that usually reduce contrast and quality on the final image. This article presents the results of our experiences on using some innovative filters, that appeared available on the market in recent years, projected to adsorb UV radiation even more efficiently than with the mentioned above pigment based standard filters: the interference filters for UV rejection (and, usually, for IR rejection too manufactured using interference layers, that present better results than the pigment based filters. The only problem with interference filters type is that they are sensitive to the rays direction and, because of that, they are not adequate to wide-angle lenses. The internal fluorescence for three filters: the B+W 415 UV cut (equivalent to the Kodak Wratten 2E, pigment based, the B+W 486 UV IR cut (an interference type filter, used frequently on digital cameras to remove IR or UV and the Baader UVIR rejection filter (two versions of this interference filter were used had been tested and compared. The final quality of the UV fluorescence images seems to be of a superior quality when compared to the images obtained with classic filters.

  16. OPTIMUM ORDERING POLICY FOR PREVENTIVE AGE REPLACEMENT

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Young T.PARK; Jing SUN

    2009-01-01

    Most of the spare ordering policies treated up to now have assumed that preventive and corrective replacement costs are equal, which implies in essential that there is no significant need for preventive replacement. This paper presents an ordering policy for preventive age replacement with minimal repair. Introducing the replacement, repair, inventory holding and shortage costs, the expected cost rate is derived. A procedure to determine jointly the ordering time for a spare and the preventive replacement time for the operating unit so as to minimize the expected cost rate is proposed. To explain the ordering policy and the optimization procedure, a numerical example is also included.

  17. Teaching Physics Using Virtual Reality

    Science.gov (United States)

    Savage, C.; McGrath, D.; McIntyre, T.; Wegener, M.; Williamson, M.

    2010-07-01

    We present an investigation of game-like simulations for physics teaching. We report on the effectiveness of the interactive simulation "Real Time Relativity" for learning special relativity. We argue that the simulation not only enhances traditional learning, but also enables new types of learning that challenge the traditional curriculum. The lessons drawn from this work are being applied to the development of a simulation for enhancing the learning of quantum mechanics.

  18. Teaching Physics Using Virtual Reality

    CERN Document Server

    Savage, C M; McIntyre, T J; Wegener, M; Williamson, M

    2009-01-01

    We present an investigation of game-like simulations for physics teaching. We report on the effectiveness of the interactive simulation "Real Time Relativity" for learning special relativity. We argue that the simulation not only enhances traditional learning, but also enables new types of learning that challenge the traditional curriculum. The lessons drawn from this work are being applied to the development of a simulation for enhancing the learning of quantum mechanics.

  19. New ideas for teaching electrocardiogram interpretation and improving classroom teaching content

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zeng R

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Rui Zeng,1 Rong-Zheng Yue,2 Chun-Yu Tan,3 Qin Wang,4 Pu Kuang,5 Pan-Wen Tian,6 Chuan Zuo3 1Department of Cardiovascular Diseases, 2Department of Nephrology, 3Department of Rheumatology and Immunology, 4Department of Endocrinology, 5Department of Hematology, 6Department of Respiratory Diseases, West China Hospital, School of Clinic Medicine, Sichuan University, Chengdu, People’s Republic of China Background: Interpreting an electrocardiogram (ECG is not only one of the most important parts of diagnostics but also one of the most difficult areas to teach. Owing to the abstract nature of the basic theoretical knowledge of the ECG, its scattered characteristics, and tedious and difficult-to-remember subject matter, teaching how to interpret ECGs is as difficult for teachers to teach as it is for students to learn. In order to enable medical students to master basic knowledge of ECG interpretation skills in a limited teaching time, we modified the content used for traditional ECG teaching and now propose a new ECG teaching method called the “graphics-sequence memory method.” Methods: A prospective randomized controlled study was designed to measure the actual effectiveness of ECG learning by students. Two hundred students were randomly placed under a traditional teaching group and an innovative teaching group, with 100 participants in each group. The teachers in the traditional teaching group utilized the traditional teaching outline, whereas the teachers in the innovative teaching group received training in line with the proposed teaching method and syllabus. All the students took an examination in the final semester by analyzing 20 ECGs from real clinical cases and submitted their ECG reports. Results: The average ECG reading time was 32 minutes for the traditional teaching group and 18 minutes for the innovative teaching group. The average ECG accuracy results were 43% for the traditional teaching group and 77% for the innovative teaching

  20. ORO. The physical developer replacement?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wood, Michael A; James, Tim

    2009-12-01

    In the process of fingerprint development Physical Developer has been largely the method of choice on porous surfaces after coming into contact with wet environments. It is only recently that a new technique has been identified which could replace this standard technique. This study aims to build on previous research and expand knowledge regarding the technique. The study built on previous research and compared Physical Developer to Oil Red O, testing both on four paper types, while being placed in three different water types and an accelerant for various amounts of time. Marks were placed with both heavily 'loaded' sebaceous fingers and 'normal' un-washed fingers. Results show that Oil Red O consistently produced clearer more detailed marks from the 'loaded' fingers, but neither technique proved to work better on the 'normal' marks. Neither technique developed any prints from the accelerant.