WorldWideScience

Sample records for rent reduction request

  1. 77 FR 76506 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection: Comment Request; Rent Schedule-Low Rent Housing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-28

    ... of Proposed Information Collection: Comment Request; Rent Schedule--Low Rent Housing AGENCY: Office... also lists the following information: Title of Proposal: Rent Schedule--Low Rent Housing. OMB Control... information is necessary for HUD to ensure that tenant rents are approved in accordance with HUD...

  2. 76 FR 22411 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection: Comment Request; Budget-Based Rent Increases

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-21

    ... URBAN DEVELOPMENT Notice of Proposed Information Collection: Comment Request; Budget-Based Rent... also lists the following information: Title of Proposal: Budget-Based Rent Increases. OMB Control... increases in expenditures. The information will be used to determine the reasonableness of rent increases...

  3. 76 FR 47605 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection: Comment Request; Annual Adjustment Factors (AAF) Rent...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-05

    ... (AAF) Rent Increase Requirement AGENCY: Office of the Assistant Secretary for Housing, HUD. ACTION...) Rent Increase Requirement. OMB Control Number, if applicable: 2502-0507, an extension of currently... section 8 contracts that utilize the AAF as the method of rent adjustment provide this information which...

  4. 75 FR 7621 - Rent Schedule-Low Rent Housing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-22

    ... URBAN DEVELOPMENT Rent Schedule--Low Rent Housing AGENCY: Office of the Chief Information Officer, HUD... to submit information when requesting adjustments to established rents and utility allowances. HUD uses the information to ensure that rent changes are in accordance with HUD regulatory and...

  5. 76 FR 12985 - Request for Comments on Trend Factor Methodology Used in the Calculation of Fair Market Rents

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-09

    ... to aid lower-income families in renting safe and decent housing. Housing assistance payments are... maximum monthly subsidy for an assisted family (see 24 CFR 982.503). In general, the FMR for an area is... and services could be used (to prevent double counting of the rent and utility data and/or to provide...

  6. 24 CFR 880.609 - Adjustment of contract rents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Adjustment of contract rents. 880... Management § 880.609 Adjustment of contract rents. (a) Automatic annual adjustment of Contract Rents. Upon request from the owner to the contract administrator, contract rents will be adjusted on the anniversary...

  7. 24 CFR 983.302 - Redetermination of rent to owner.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Redetermination of rent to owner... URBAN DEVELOPMENT PROJECT-BASED VOUCHER (PBV) PROGRAM Rent to Owner § 983.302 Redetermination of rent to owner. (a) The PHA must redetermine the rent to owner: (1) Upon the owner's request; or (2) When there...

  8. Welfare distribution effect of a price reduction in the Dutch gas transport market: A scenario analysis of regulatory policy, market form and rent allocation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Van Witteloostuijn, Arjen [University of Antwerpen, Antwerpen (Belgium). Faculty of Applied Economics, Department of Management; Brakman, Steven [University of Groningen (Netherlands); Van Marrewijk, Charles [Erasmus University, Rotterdam (Netherlands)

    2007-12-15

    As part of the larger energy market deregulation program, the Dutch energy authority - DTe - has developed the habit to force the Dutch gas transport enterprise - Gas Transport Services, or GTS - to lower its prices. DTe's key argument is that lower gas transport prices will benefit the end-user. Indeed, that might well be the case. This policy, in general, is in line with European legislation on the liberalization of the gas market. We model and simulate the (domestic) welfare effects of a 5 percent transport price reduction. From this, we conclude that at least three observations complicate matters substantially. First, GTS is government-owned, and the dominant shipper - Gasunie Trade and Supply (or GasTerra, as it was recoined recently) - is partly so (50%). Second, shippers enter into the competitive game to make profits. Third, not only is the majority of gas transported in the Netherlands exported to foreign end-users, but also foreign owners have a large stake in Dutch shippers. As a result, part of the rents will always be distributed, or will 'leak' away, to foreign consumers and shippers (or their shareholders). These three observations together have three important implications. First, state ownership implies that much rent allocation is simply a matter of circulating money from one government sub-budget to the other. Second, given that the industry is imperfectly competitive, part of the rents will not be passed on to the end-consumers. Third, it is unavoidable that a substantial part of the rents are transferred abroad. A general conclusion for policy-makers is that market liberalization might not bring ex post what they expected ex ante. (author)

  9. Welfare distribution effect of a price reduction in the Dutch gas transport market: A scenario analysis of regulatory policy, market form and rent allocation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Witteloostuijn, Arjen van [Faculty of Applied Economics, Department of Management, University of Antwerpen, Prinsstraat 13, 2000 Antwerpen (Belgium)], E-mail: arjen.vanwitteloostuijn@ua.ac.be; Brakman, Steven [University of Groningen (Netherlands); van Marrewijk, Charles [Erasmus University Rotterdam (Netherlands)

    2007-12-15

    As part of the larger energy market deregulation program, the Dutch energy authority-DTe-has developed the habit to force the Dutch gas transport enterprise-Gas Transport Services, or GTS-to lower its prices. DTe's key argument is that lower gas transport prices will benefit the end-user. Indeed, that might well be the case. This policy, in general, is in line with European legislation on the liberalization of the gas market. We model and simulate the (domestic) welfare effects of a 5 percent transport price reduction. From this, we conclude that at least three observations complicate matters substantially. First, GTS is government-owned, and the dominant shipper-Gasunie Trade and Supply (or GasTerra, as it was recoined recently)-is partly so (50%). Second, shippers enter into the competitive game to make profits. Third, not only is the majority of gas transported in the Netherlands exported to foreign end-users, but also foreign owners have a large stake in Dutch shippers. As a result, part of the rents will always be distributed, or will 'leak' away, to foreign consumers and shippers (or their shareholders). These three observations together have three important implications. First, state ownership implies that much rent allocation is simply a matter of circulating money from one government sub-budget to the other. Second, given that the industry is imperfectly competitive, part of the rents will not be passed on to the end-consumers. Third, it is unavoidable that a substantial part of the rents are transferred abroad. A general conclusion for policy-makers is that market liberalization might not bring ex post what they expected ex ante.

  10. Green auctions and reduction of information rents in payments for environmental services: an experimental investigation in Sunan County, northwestern China.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiaohong Deng

    Full Text Available Reducing information rents is an important task for government agencies wishing to purchase maximal environmental services with limited budgets. This paper reports on several green auction options for reducing information rents and improving the performance of the "Grain for Green" Payments for environmental services (PES program implemented in northwestern China. In r experimental auctions and investigations, door-to-door interviews were conducted and bidding envelopes and survey questionnaires were used to determine the offers and the foregone profits of the participants. Three scenarios are analyzed in this paper: a uniform price auction, a discriminatory price auction, and an opportunity-cost system. The results show that compared to the uniform price auction system, the other auction systems can increase the cost-effectiveness of conservation contracting. Competitive bidding can reveal true opportunity costs and can reduce information rents extracted from the government by farmers using private information. The demographics and average bids of these auction types were also analyzed. "Perfect information" in the opportunity-cost offer system has the best performance but is very hard to implement in reality. The results of this research show that the auction is a valuable tool for purchasing conservation contracts in northwestern China, but that in the future, the performance of these auctions should be studied with relaxed model assumptions.

  11. Green auctions and reduction of information rents in payments for environmental services: an experimental investigation in Sunan County, northwestern China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deng, Xiaohong; Xu, Zhongmin

    2015-01-01

    Reducing information rents is an important task for government agencies wishing to purchase maximal environmental services with limited budgets. This paper reports on several green auction options for reducing information rents and improving the performance of the "Grain for Green" Payments for environmental services (PES) program implemented in northwestern China. In r experimental auctions and investigations, door-to-door interviews were conducted and bidding envelopes and survey questionnaires were used to determine the offers and the foregone profits of the participants. Three scenarios are analyzed in this paper: a uniform price auction, a discriminatory price auction, and an opportunity-cost system. The results show that compared to the uniform price auction system, the other auction systems can increase the cost-effectiveness of conservation contracting. Competitive bidding can reveal true opportunity costs and can reduce information rents extracted from the government by farmers using private information. The demographics and average bids of these auction types were also analyzed. "Perfect information" in the opportunity-cost offer system has the best performance but is very hard to implement in reality. The results of this research show that the auction is a valuable tool for purchasing conservation contracts in northwestern China, but that in the future, the performance of these auctions should be studied with relaxed model assumptions.

  12. HOME Rent Limits

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Housing and Urban Development — In accordance with 24 CFR Part 92.252, HUD provides maximum HOME rent limits. The maximum HOME rents are the lesser of: The fair market rent for existing housing for...

  13. 76 FR 22122 - Section 8 Housing Choice Voucher Program-Demonstration Project of Small Area Fair Market Rents in...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-20

    ... Market Rents in Certain Metropolitan Areas, Discussion of Comments, and Request for Participation AGENCY... establishing the Small Area Fair Market Rent (FMR) Demonstration Project and requesting participation from... an area is the amount that would be needed to pay the gross rent (shelter rent plus utilities) of...

  14. Asymmetries in rent seeking

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dari-Mattiacci, G.; Langlais, E.; Lovat, B.; Parisi, F.; Congleton, R.D.; Hillman, A.L.

    2015-01-01

    In rent-seeking contests, players are seldom identical to one another. In this chapter, we examine the rent-seeking literature that explores the effects of specific forms of asymmetry between contestants. We consider Tullock’s rent-seeking contests involving two players who differ in strength

  15. 24 CFR 982.507 - Rent to owner: Reasonable rent.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Rent to owner: Reasonable rent. 982... URBAN DEVELOPMENT SECTION 8 TENANT BASED ASSISTANCE: HOUSING CHOICE VOUCHER PROGRAM Rent and Housing Assistance Payment § 982.507 Rent to owner: Reasonable rent. (a) PHA determination. (1) The PHA may not...

  16. Rent assistance and housing demand

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Koning, Ruud H.; Ridder, G.

    1997-01-01

    We examine the effect of a rent subsidy program, Rent Assistance, on the demand for rental housing in The Netherlands. Low-income households with a rent that exceeds a norm rent, but is smaller than a maximum rent are eligible for this subsidy, that is equal to a fraction of the difference between

  17. Rent assistance and housing demand

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Koning, Ruud H.; Ridder, G.

    1993-01-01

    We examine the effect of a rent subsidy program, Rent Assistance, on the demand for rental housing in The Netherlands. Low-income households with a rent that exceeds a norm rent, but is smaller than a maximum rent are eligible for this subsidy, that is equal to a fraction of the difference between

  18. Rent or Buy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Hecke, Tanja

    2009-01-01

    When one looks around in everyday life, one sees mathematics everywhere: i.e., when making the right decisions whether to rent or buy a bicycle depending on the circumstances. Mathematics can determine (in case of renting a bicycle) the maximum rental cost to ensure that you will be able to pay the rental cost every month. The period you need the…

  19. 50th Percentile Rent Estimates

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Housing and Urban Development — Rent estimates at the 50th percentile (or median) are calculated for all Fair Market Rent areas. Fair Market Rents (FMRs) are primarily used to determine payment...

  20. Rent-focused behavior and rent-seeking in the context of rent relations theory development

    OpenAIRE

    Latkov, Andrey

    2015-01-01

    The perspective directions of rent-seeking phenomenon research are allocated in the article. The algorithm of rent-seeking system research is offered. rent-focused behavior and rent-seeking strategies are differenced in the text. The special attention is paid to definition of medium-term and long-term rent-seeking effects directed to assignment of natural-resources rent on example of national economic systems of the UAE and Nauru.

  1. 24 CFR 983.305 - Rent to owner: effect of rent control and other rent limits.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Rent to owner: effect of rent control and other rent limits. 983.305 Section 983.305 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating... HOUSING, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT PROJECT-BASED VOUCHER (PBV) PROGRAM Rent to Owner...

  2. Nash Equilibrium in Rent-Seeking Games with Endogenous Rent

    OpenAIRE

    Koji, Okuguchi; 岐阜聖徳学園大学経済情報学会

    1999-01-01

    We formulate one-stage and two-stage rent seeking games with endogenously determined rent. Under reasonable assumptions, both games have a unique pure Nash equilibrium. We derive conditions for aggregate efforts to increase and for the total rent to dissipate as the number of agents increase for the two-stage rent-seeking game. JEL Classification Number: D72, L13, D43, C71, C64,

  3. HPC: Rent or Buy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fredette, Michelle

    2012-01-01

    "Rent or buy?" is a question people ask about everything from housing to textbooks. It is also a question universities must consider when it comes to high-performance computing (HPC). With the advent of Amazon's Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2), Microsoft Windows HPC Server, Rackspace's OpenStack, and other cloud-based services, researchers now have…

  4. 76 FR 59712 - Notice of Submission of Proposed Information Collection to OMB Budget-Based Rent Increase

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-27

    ... URBAN DEVELOPMENT Notice of Submission of Proposed Information Collection to OMB Budget-Based Rent... to submit a Budget Worksheet when requesting rent increases. HUD Field Office's review and evaluate... following information: Title of Proposal: Budget-Based Rent Increase. OMB Approval Number: 2502-0324. Form...

  5. Rent Control and Unemployment Duration

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Munch, Jacob R.; Rosholm, Michael; Svarer, Michael

    2005-01-01

    In this paper we analyse how rent control affects the duration of individual unemployment. In atheoretical search model we distinguish between two effects of rent control. On one hand, rentcontrol reduces housing mobility and hence mobility in the labour market. On the other hand, tomaintain rent...

  6. Det rent menneskelige

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Togeby, Ole

    2006-01-01

    Omtale af Michael Tomasellos teorier om at sproget som det rent menneskelige er baseret på en empati og tillid, som kommer til udtryk i at selv små børn forstår når en anden peger, hvad aber ikke gør. Udgivelsesdato: 12.april 2006......Omtale af Michael Tomasellos teorier om at sproget som det rent menneskelige er baseret på en empati og tillid, som kommer til udtryk i at selv små børn forstår når en anden peger, hvad aber ikke gør. Udgivelsesdato: 12.april 2006...

  7. Design of forest rent accounting

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T.S. Osadcha

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The urgent task for the effective functioning of the national economy is the need to reflect income from the use of forest resources in accounting, which will allow management personnel to prove the effectiveness of environmental protection measures, to assess the amount of expenses taken during restoration and protection of forest resources. The study aims at identifying characteristics of forest rent to determine the amount and its reflection in the accounting for its management. The author understands a forest rent as the income received from the owner of forest resources. The above procedure for determining the amount of forest rent can be used to display it in the accounting. A forest rent is a type of business income, so for its reflection in the accounting it is proposed to open the analytical accounts to account 79 named «Financial results». To determine the amount of forest rent and its reflection in the accounting the author suggests the calculation form of a forest rent. In order to manage the size of a forest rent and expenses incurred to obtain it the author proposes to use the information from the developed report about the forest rent formation. The displaying forest rents in accounting will provide accurate and deep information to the management about the revenue and assets of a company. The rational use of forest resources and accounting reflection of a forest rent will strengthen control over the influence of human activity on natural resources and keep the conception of sustainable development.

  8. Rents in a welfare state

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Paldam, Martin

    2015-01-01

    This chapter describes rents in Denmark, a developed welfare state in which the private sector is sharply delimitated and kept efficient by secure property rights and markets including free trade. In the public sector, rents in the form of excess costs that provide benefits are difficult to measure......, but in a number of cases as described in this chapter, the rents are revealed. The implicit welfare coalition, defined as voters receiving their income from the public budget, is the majority, placing the median voter within the welfare coalition. Rents are created and protected by the welfare coalition. Non...

  9. 7 CFR 3560.209 - Rent collection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Rent collection. 3560.209 Section 3560.209... AGRICULTURE DIRECT MULTI-FAMILY HOUSING LOANS AND GRANTS Rents § 3560.209 Rent collection. (a) General. Borrowers must collect rents on a monthly basis and maintain a system for collecting and tracking rents. (b...

  10. Rent Seeking: A Textbook Example

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pecorino, Paul

    2007-01-01

    The author argues that the college textbook market provides a clear example of monopoly seeking as described by Tullock (1967, 1980). This behavior is also known as rent seeking. Because this market is important to students, this example of rent seeking will be of particular interest to them. (Contains 24 notes.)

  11. 24 CFR 982.509 - Rent to owner: Effect of rent control.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Rent to owner: Effect of rent... URBAN DEVELOPMENT SECTION 8 TENANT BASED ASSISTANCE: HOUSING CHOICE VOUCHER PROGRAM Rent and Housing Assistance Payment § 982.509 Rent to owner: Effect of rent control. In addition to the rent reasonableness...

  12. Small Area Fair Market Rent

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Housing and Urban Development — Due to the increasing demand for more localized rents for a variety of purposes, HUD is making Small Area FMRs for all metropolitan areas available. Small Area FMRs...

  13. 24 CFR 983.303 - Reasonable rent.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Reasonable rent. 983.303 Section... PROJECT-BASED VOUCHER (PBV) PROGRAM Rent to Owner § 983.303 Reasonable rent. (a) Comparability requirement. At all times during the term of the HAP contract, the rent to owner for a contract unit may not...

  14. 24 CFR 5.630 - Minimum rent.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Minimum rent. 5.630 Section 5.630...-Based Assistance Family Payment § 5.630 Minimum rent. (a) Minimum rent. (1) The PHA must charge a family no less than a minimum monthly rent established by the responsible entity, except as described in...

  15. 24 CFR 583.315 - Resident rent.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Resident rent. 583.315 Section 583... DEVELOPMENT COMMUNITY FACILITIES SUPPORTIVE HOUSING PROGRAM Program Requirements § 583.315 Resident rent. (a) Calculation of resident rent. Each resident of supportive housing may be required to pay as rent an amount...

  16. 24 CFR 882.410 - Rent adjustments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Rent adjustments. 882.410 Section... Policies § 882.410 Rent adjustments. (a) Annual and special adjustments. Contract Rents will be adjusted as... schedule of Contract Rents, provided that the unit is in decent, safe, and sanitary condition and that the...

  17. 24 CFR 582.310 - Resident rent.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Resident rent. 582.310 Section 582... DEVELOPMENT COMMUNITY FACILITIES SHELTER PLUS CARE Program Requirements § 582.310 Resident rent. (a) Amount of rent. Each participant must pay rent in accordance with section 3(a)(1) of the U.S. Housing Act of 1937...

  18. 18 CFR 367.82 - Rents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Rents. 367.82 Section... Instructions § 367.82 Rents. (a) The rent expense accounts provided under the several functional groups of expense accounts must include all rents, including taxes paid by the lessee on leased property, for...

  19. Radon Infiltration in Rented Accommodation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Torben Valdbjørn

    2017-01-01

    Indoor radon levels were measured in 221 homes located in 53 buildings, including 28 multi-occupant houses and 25 single-family terraced houses. The homes consisted of rented accommodation located in buildings recorded as being constructed before 2010 and after the year 1850. The radon level...

  20. 24 CFR 884.109 - Rent adjustments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Rent adjustments. 884.109 Section... RENTAL HOUSING PROJECTS Applicability, Scope and Basic Policies § 884.109 Rent adjustments. (a) Funding... Contract Rent adjustments under this paragraph, up to the maximum amount authorized under the Contract...

  1. 24 CFR 886.312 - Rent adjustments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Rent adjustments. 886.312 Section... Program for the Disposition of HUD-Owned Projects § 886.312 Rent adjustments. (a) Limits. Housing assistance payments will be made in amounts commensurate with contract rent adjustments under this paragraph...

  2. 17 CFR 256.931 - Rents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Rents. 256.931 Section 256.931 Commodity and Securities Exchanges SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION (CONTINUED) UNIFORM SYSTEM OF ACCOUNTS... 1935 2. Expense § 256.931 Rents. This account shall include rents, including taxes, paid for the...

  3. 24 CFR 880.604 - Tenant rent.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Tenant rent. 880.604 Section 880.604 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development (Continued... rent. The eligible Family pays the Tenant Rent directly to the Owner. ...

  4. Rent increase strategies and distributive justice

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jonkman, Arend; Janssen-Jansen, Leonie; Schilder, Frans

    2017-01-01

    Rent controls and rent setting regulation in different contexts incorporate and balance different aims, in particular when securing affordability and the effective distribution of scarce housing by incorporating market mechanisms. As rent policy is frequently discussed in terms of affordability or

  5. 24 CFR 886.112 - Rent adjustments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Rent adjustments. 886.112 Section... for Projects With HUD-Insured and HUD-Held Mortgages § 886.112 Rent adjustments. This section applies to adjustments of the dollar amount stated in the Contract as the Maximum Unit Rent. It does not...

  6. 24 CFR 886.110 - Contract rents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Contract rents. 886.110 Section 886... for Projects With HUD-Insured and HUD-Held Mortgages § 886.110 Contract rents. (a) The sum of the Contract Rents plus an Allowance for Utilities and Other Services shall not exceed the published Section 8...

  7. 24 CFR 5.634 - Tenant rent.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Tenant rent. 5.634 Section 5.634...-Based Assistance Family Payment § 5.634 Tenant rent. (a) Section 8 programs. For Section 8 programs other than the Section 8 voucher program, tenant rent is total tenant payment minus any utility...

  8. 24 CFR 850.153 - Rent control.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Rent control. 850.153 Section 850... PROGRAM) HOUSING DEVELOPMENT GRANTS Project Management § 850.153 Rent control. A project constructed or substantially rehabilitated with a housing development grant is not subject to State or local rent control...

  9. Farm land rent in the European Union

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    František Střeleček

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Great share of rented land in total utilised area as well as a significant variability of land rent and market prices of land causes a need of research activity that would assess which factors influence the land rent as well as the price of land and how significant such factor are in each state. An average land rent is significantly lower in new member states compared to EU 15 members. There is a strong dependence of land rent on the intensity of production. The influence of subsidies to land rent reports moderate to medium dependence. The same relation occurs in case of the relation of the farm income and land rent. Positive increase of production intensity was connected to lower production use of land rent i.e. a decrease of its cost/revenue ratio. This is reflected in a relative saving of land rent. States with greater land rent per ha of agricultural area usually reports greater saving. An increase of land rent in new member states of the European Union is presumed so that it will be necessary to increase the intensity of production in the corresponding way.

  10. Management of business economic growth as function of resource rents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prljić, Stefan; Nikitović, Zorana; Stojanović, Aleksandra Golubović; Cogoljević, Dušan; Pešić, Gordana; Alizamir, Meysam

    2018-02-01

    Economic profit could be influenced by economic rents. However natural resource rents provided different impact on the economic growth or economic profit. The main focus of the study was to evaluate the economic growth as function of natural resource rents. For such a purpose machine learning approach, artificial neural network, was used. The used natural resource rents were coal rents, forest rents, mineral rents, natural gas rents and oil rents. Based on the results it is concluded that the machine learning approach could be used as the tool for the economic growth evaluation as function of natural resource rents. Moreover the more advanced approaches should be incorporated to improve more the forecasting accuracy.

  11. 7 CFR 3560.210 - Special note rents (SNRs).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Special note rents (SNRs). 3560.210 Section 3560.210... AGRICULTURE DIRECT MULTI-FAMILY HOUSING LOANS AND GRANTS Rents § 3560.210 Special note rents (SNRs). When a... the borrower to charge an SNR, which is less than note rent but higher than basic rent, to attract or...

  12. 41 CFR 102-85.120 - What is shell Rent?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What is shell Rent? 102-85.120 Section 102-85.120 Public Contracts and Property Management Federal Property Management... GSA SPACE Rent Charges § 102-85.120 What is shell Rent? Shell Rent is that portion of GSA Rent charged...

  13. 24 CFR 960.253 - Choice of rent.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Choice of rent. 960.253 Section 960... ADMISSION TO, AND OCCUPANCY OF, PUBLIC HOUSING Rent and Reexamination § 960.253 Choice of rent. (a) Rent... between the two methods for determining the amount of tenant rent payable monthly by the family. The...

  14. 24 CFR 983.301 - Determining the rent to owner.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Determining the rent to owner. 983... URBAN DEVELOPMENT PROJECT-BASED VOUCHER (PBV) PROGRAM Rent to Owner § 983.301 Determining the rent to owner. (a) Initial and redetermined rents. (1) The amount of the initial and redetermined rent to owner...

  15. 24 CFR 882.408 - Initial contract rents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Initial contract rents. 882.408...-Basic Policies § 882.408 Initial contract rents. (a) Fair Market Rent limitation. The Fair Market Rent Schedule for Moderate Rehabilitation is 120 percent of the Existing Housing Fair Market Rent Schedule...

  16. The Capitalism, Rent and Democracy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Victor S. Martyanov

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available By inertia, which derives from Adam Smith, modern capitalism is described as a free-market competition. This historical model has worked while the market expands and the availability of resources increases. It provided the opportunity to maintain the political order of the welfare state as a form of non-economic egalitarian distribution of resources, which mitigates inequality and class antagonisms generated by market. However, once capitalism has engulfed the whole world, it is more prone to crises: competition intensifies, markets of demand and market outlets do not expand, technological progress creates a growing structural unemployment, economic growth due to the completion of the global village-city transition stagnates, the resources of all the peripheries are almost exhausted. As a result, nationalism and protectionism arise, the polarization between the global center and the periphery increases, and there comes the image of undemocratic and non-egalitarian labor less society on the horizon of the future, with the precariat and the unemployed growing in numbers and demanding large amounts of rent to maintain their livelihoods. Due to this, the market model of capitalism is gradually transforming into a rental one, where the pursuit of profit, the main motivational factor intrinsic to the market, is removed by the pursuit of rent and the redistribution of markets by non-economic ways. In this context, the state becomes the key economic actor, which distributes resources by extra-market means within the hierarchy of rental groups that form the framework of a new structure of the political community.

  17. Petro Rents, Political Institutions, and Hidden Wealth

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Jørgen Juel; Johannesen, Niels; Lassen, David Dreyer

    2017-01-01

    Do political institutions limit rent seeking by politicians? We study the transformation of petroleum rents, almost universally under direct government control, into hidden wealth using unique data on bank deposits in offshore financial centers that specialize in secrecy and asset protection. Our...

  18. Rent-to-Own: A Consumer Purchasing Alternative.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stein, Pat; Brown, Judy

    1988-01-01

    Examines rent-to-own, an alternative purchasing method that allows the consumer to rent an item and gain ownership after a specified number of payments. Addresses industry trends, the rent-to-own consumer, pricing structure, and legalities. (JOW)

  19. Blocking Reduction of Span Restoration Requests in GMPLS Controlled WDM Optical Networks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Buron, Jakob Due; Ruepp, Sarah Renée; Andriolli, N.

    2006-01-01

    The proposed label preference scheme reduces blocking of span restoration requests in GMPLS optical networks with limited wavelength conversion. By minimizing resource contention and conversion usage, it increases recovery percentage and reduces control plane load.......The proposed label preference scheme reduces blocking of span restoration requests in GMPLS optical networks with limited wavelength conversion. By minimizing resource contention and conversion usage, it increases recovery percentage and reduces control plane load....

  20. 77 FR 61008 - Request for Comments Under the Paperwork Reduction Act, Section 3506

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-05

    ... full value of GWAS data to be realized. GWAS data are maintained in a central data repository, the... Registration and Data Submission PI 50 1 45/60 38 Senior Official 50 1 30/60 25 Total 100 63 Data Access Request PI 633 2 45/60 950 Senior Official 633 2 30/60 633 Total 1,266 1,583 Request For Comments: Written...

  1. Accounting management software intellectual rent companies

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    T.S. Osadcha

    2015-01-01

    .... At present the issue of the accounting reflection of transactions that form intellectual rent remains to be not thoroughly disclosed and requires more depth study for improving the performance...

  2. 24 CFR 401.411 - Guidelines for determining exception rents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... exception rents. 401.411 Section 401.411 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and... RESTRUCTURING PROGRAM (MARK-TO-MARKET) Restructuring Plan § 401.411 Guidelines for determining exception rents. (a) When do exception rents apply? (1) The Restructuring Plan may provide for exception rents...

  3. 24 CFR 891.780 - Adjustment of rents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Adjustment of rents. 891.780... and Individuals-Section 162 Assistance § 891.780 Adjustment of rents. (a) Contract rents. HUD will calculate contract rent adjustments based on the sum of the project's operating costs and debt service (as...

  4. 24 CFR 983.353 - Tenant rent; payment to owner.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Tenant rent; payment to owner. 983... URBAN DEVELOPMENT PROJECT-BASED VOUCHER (PBV) PROGRAM Payment to Owner § 983.353 Tenant rent; payment to owner. (a) PHA determination. (1) The tenant rent is the portion of the rent to owner paid by the family...

  5. 7 CFR 3560.205 - Rent and utility allowance changes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Rent and utility allowance changes. 3560.205 Section..., DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE DIRECT MULTI-FAMILY HOUSING LOANS AND GRANTS Rents § 3560.205 Rent and utility allowance changes. (a) General. Borrowers must fully document that changes to rents and utility allowances...

  6. 18 CFR 1306.4 - Rent after acquisition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Rent after acquisition... ASSISTANCE AND REAL PROPERTY ACQUISITION POLICIES Regulations and Procedures § 1306.4 Rent after acquisition. If TVA rents real property acquired by it to the former owner or former tenant, the amount of rent...

  7. 24 CFR 982.506 - Negotiating rent to owner.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Negotiating rent to owner. 982.506... DEVELOPMENT SECTION 8 TENANT BASED ASSISTANCE: HOUSING CHOICE VOUCHER PROGRAM Rent and Housing Assistance Payment § 982.506 Negotiating rent to owner. The owner and the family negotiate the rent to owner. At the...

  8. 41 CFR 102-85.150 - How will Rent charges be reflected on the customer agency's Rent bill?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false How will Rent charges be reflected on the customer agency's Rent bill? 102-85.150 Section 102-85.150 Public Contracts and Property... PROPERTY 85-PRICING POLICY FOR OCCUPANCY IN GSA SPACE Rent Charges § 102-85.150 How will Rent charges be...

  9. GAME THEORETIC ASPECTS OF CROWD RENTING.

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Administrator

    Crowd Renting and Virtual Reality: A crowd is a large and definable group of people. A crowd may be definable through a common purpose or set of emotions, such as at a political rally, at a sports event, or simply be made up of many people going about their business in a busy area (e. g. shopping). Crowd psychology is.

  10. 78 FR 42524 - Leasing versus Renting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-16

    ..., Regulatory Secretariat Division (MVCB), ATTN: Hada Flowers, 1800 F Street NW., 2nd Floor, Washington, DC... renting per the Uniform Commercial Code and that any distinctions in practice are irrelevant to FAR... 102-34 ``Motor Vehicle Management'' provides brief definitions of commercial vehicle rentals and...

  11. Rent-seeking behaviors in property development: A literature review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ali, Suhaila; Aziz, Abdul Rashid Abdul

    2017-11-01

    This paper reviews the literature on rent-seeking behaviors in property development, and discusses three major areas: (1) definition and concept of rent-seeking; (2) factors for the rent-seeking behavior appeared; and (3) the impact of rent-seeking behaviors, particularly on property development. In general, there is no exact word that can define what rent-seeking is. It is found that from the reviewed studies that a few researches have adopted search tasks to predict rent-seeking behavior effects in the economy and the respective economic performance. Based on the findings of the review, rent-seeking behavior increases social cost and this might lead to problems such as corruption. This paper paves the way for future studies in examining rent-seeking behaviors in the Malaysian property development, especially for targeted actions to be taken to alleviate upward pressure on home prices.

  12. 24 CFR 882.409 - Contract rents at end of rehabilitation loan term.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... rehabilitation loan term. 882.409 Section 882.409 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing... term. For a Contract where the initial Contract Rent was based upon a loan term shorter than 15 years... following the end of the term of the rehabilitation loan. The amount of the reduction will be the monthly...

  13. 12 CFR 561.27 - Low-rent housing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Low-rent housing. 561.27 Section 561.27 Banks... AFFECTING ALL SAVINGS ASSOCIATIONS § 561.27 Low-rent housing. The term low-rent housing means real estate... subject of an annual contributions contract for low-rent housing under the provisions of the United States...

  14. 7 CFR 3560.202 - Establishing rents and utility allowances.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... housing tax credit (LIHTC) rents. (d) Utility allowances. In projects where tenants pay the utilities... contributions or rehabilitation loans will not be counted towards reducing rents. (f) Rents for resident manager... rental unit in a housing project when they are acting as a management agent or resident manager as...

  15. 38 CFR 61.82 - Resident rent for supportive housing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Resident rent for... AFFAIRS (CONTINUED) VA HOMELESS PROVIDERS GRANT AND PER DIEM PROGRAM § 61.82 Resident rent for supportive housing. (a) Each resident of supportive housing may be required to pay rent in an amount determined by...

  16. 24 CFR 582.305 - Housing quality standards; rent reasonableness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Housing quality standards; rent... Housing quality standards; rent reasonableness. (a) Housing quality standards. Housing assisted under this... period to ensure that the units continue to meet the HQS. (b) Rent reasonableness. HUD will only provide...

  17. 7 CFR 3565.203 - Restrictions on rents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Restrictions on rents. 3565.203 Section 3565.203... AGRICULTURE GUARANTEED RURAL RENTAL HOUSING PROGRAM Loan Requirements § 3565.203 Restrictions on rents. The rent for any individual housing unit, including any tenant-paid utilities, must not exceed an amount...

  18. Crowding-out in productive and redistributive rent-seeking

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dari-Mattiacci, G.; Langlais, E.; Lovat, B.; Parisi, F.

    2007-01-01

    This paper presents a general rent-seeking model in which participants decide on entry before choosing their levels of efforts. The conventional wisdom in the rent-seeking literature suggests that the rent dissipation increases with the number of potential participants and with their productivity of

  19. 24 CFR 35.725 - Section 8 Rent adjustments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Section 8 Rent adjustments. 35.725... § 35.725 Section 8 Rent adjustments. HUD may, subject to the availability of appropriations for Section... assistance, provide adjustments to the maximum monthly rents to cover the costs of evaluation for and...

  20. 24 CFR 886.310 - Initial contract rents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Initial contract rents. 886.310... Assistance Program for the Disposition of HUD-Owned Projects § 886.310 Initial contract rents. HUD will establish contract rents at levels that, together with other resources available to the purchasers, provide...

  1. 24 CFR 891.185 - Preemption of rent control laws.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Preemption of rent control laws... General Program Requirements § 891.185 Preemption of rent control laws. The Department finds that it is... is in the national interest to preempt, and it does hereby preempt, the entire field of rent...

  2. 24 CFR 891.640 - Adjustment of rents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Adjustment of rents. 891.640... 8 Assistance § 891.640 Adjustment of rents. (a) Contract rents—(1) Adjustment based on approved budget. If the HAP contract provides, or has been amended to provide, that contract rents will be...

  3. 18 CFR 367.9310 - Account 931, Rents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Account 931, Rents. 367.9310 Section 367.9310 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION... Maintenance Expense Chart of Accounts § 367.9310 Account 931, Rents. This account must include rents...

  4. 24 CFR 901.20 - Indicator #3, rents uncollected.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Indicator #3, rents uncollected... URBAN DEVELOPMENT PUBLIC HOUSING MANAGEMENT ASSESSMENT PROGRAM § 901.20 Indicator #3, rents uncollected. This indicator examines the PHA's ability to collect dwelling rent owed by residents in possession...

  5. 27 CFR 6.35 - Renting display space.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Renting display space. 6.35 Section 6.35 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO TAX AND TRADE BUREAU... Renting display space. The renting of display space by an industry member at a retail establishment...

  6. 27 CFR 6.56 - Renting display space.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Renting display space. 6.56 Section 6.56 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO TAX AND TRADE BUREAU... Distribution Service § 6.56 Renting display space. A promotion whereby an industry member rents display space...

  7. 78 FR 14322 - Notice of Submission of Proposed Information Collection to OMB: Rent Schedule-Low Rent Housing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-05

    ... URBAN DEVELOPMENT Notice of Submission of Proposed Information Collection to OMB: Rent Schedule--Low Rent Housing AGENCY: Office of the Chief Information Officer, HUD. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The... rents are approved in accordance with HUD administrative procedures, and that ownership remains as...

  8. Posterior capsular rent: Prevention and management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chakrabarti, Arup; Nazm, Nazneen

    2017-01-01

    This review article deals with a potentially sight threatening complication – rupture of the posterior capsule – during cataract surgery. Cataract surgery is the most commonly performed surgical procedure in ophthalmology and despite tremendous technical and technological advancements, posterior capsular rent (PCR) still occurs. PCR occurs both in the hands of experienced senior surgeons and the neophyte surgeons, although with a higher frequency in the latter group. Additionally, certain types of cataracts are prone to this development. If managed properly in a timely manner the eventual outcome may be no different from that of an uncomplicated case. However, improper management may lead to serious complications with a higher incidence of permanent visual disability. The article covers the management of posterior capsular rent from two perspectives: 1. Identifying patients at higher risk and measures to manage such patients by surgical discipline, and 2. Intraoperative management of posterior capsular rent and various case scenarios to minimize long-term complications. This review is written for experienced and not-so-experienced eye surgeons alike to understand and manage PCR. PMID:29208816

  9. Posterior capsular rent: Prevention and management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chakrabarti, Arup; Nazm, Nazneen

    2017-12-01

    This review article deals with a potentially sight threatening complication - rupture of the posterior capsule - during cataract surgery. Cataract surgery is the most commonly performed surgical procedure in ophthalmology and despite tremendous technical and technological advancements, posterior capsular rent (PCR) still occurs. PCR occurs both in the hands of experienced senior surgeons and the neophyte surgeons, although with a higher frequency in the latter group. Additionally, certain types of cataracts are prone to this development. If managed properly in a timely manner the eventual outcome may be no different from that of an uncomplicated case. However, improper management may lead to serious complications with a higher incidence of permanent visual disability. The article covers the management of posterior capsular rent from two perspectives: 1. Identifying patients at higher risk and measures to manage such patients by surgical discipline, and 2. Intraoperative management of posterior capsular rent and various case scenarios to minimize long-term complications.This review is written for experienced and not-so-experienced eye surgeons alike to understand and manage PCR.

  10. Posterior capsular rent: Prevention and management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arup Chakrabarti

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available This review article deals with a potentially sight threatening complication – rupture of the posterior capsule – during cataract surgery. Cataract surgery is the most commonly performed surgical procedure in ophthalmology and despite tremendous technical and technological advancements, posterior capsular rent (PCR still occurs. PCR occurs both in the hands of experienced senior surgeons and the neophyte surgeons, although with a higher frequency in the latter group. Additionally, certain types of cataracts are prone to this development. If managed properly in a timely manner the eventual outcome may be no different from that of an uncomplicated case. However, improper management may lead to serious complications with a higher incidence of permanent visual disability. The article covers the management of posterior capsular rent from two perspectives: 1. Identifying patients at higher risk and measures to manage such patients by surgical discipline, and 2. Intraoperative management of posterior capsular rent and various case scenarios to minimize long-term complications.This review is written for experienced and not-so-experienced eye surgeons alike to understand and manage PCR.

  11. 24 CFR 888.203 - Use of contract rent automatic annual adjustment factors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Use of contract rent automatic... RENTS AND CONTRACT RENT ANNUAL ADJUSTMENT FACTORS Contract Rent Annual Adjustment Factors § 888.203 Use of contract rent automatic annual adjustment factors. (a) To compute an adjustment to a Contract Rent...

  12. 24 CFR 401.410 - Standards for determining comparable market rents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... comparable market rents. 401.410 Section 401.410 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to... rents. (a) When are comparable market rents required? The Restructuring Plan must establish restructured rents for project-based assistance at comparable market rents unless the PAE finds that exception rents...

  13. 75 FR 6685 - Section 8 Housing Assistance Payments Program-Contract Rent Annual Adjustment Factors, Fiscal...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-10

    ... Expenditure Survey (CEX) and American Community Survey (ACS) data on the ratio of utilities to rents.\\2\\ \\1....HUDUSER.org Survey Data Used to Produce Contract Rent AAFs In this publication, the rent and fuel and... AAFs. The utility- to-rent ratio used to produce Contract Rent AAFs comes from 2007 ACS median rent and...

  14. Product market integration, rents and wage inequality

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Torben M.; Sørensen, Allan

    Globalization in the form of product market integration affects labour markets and produces winners and losers. While there are aggregate gains, it is in general ambiguous how inequality is affected. We explore this issue in a Ricardian model and show that it depends on the balance between...... "protection" and "specialization" rents. In particular, wage inequality among similar workers (residual wage inequality) may be U-shaped, at first decreasing and then increasing in the process of product market integration. Consequently, there may be gains in both the efficiency and the equity dimension until...

  15. The Features of Rent Relationships in Conditions of Innovative Economy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patlatoy Oleksandr Ye.

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available The article is concerned with studying the economic content of the categories of «rent» and «quasi-rent», classification of their main forms arising in terms of relationships in the science and innovation sphere, and analyzing the specificity of formation of these incomes in conditions of contemporary innovation economy. The content of the category of «rent» as a form of income arising from the relationship of at least three entities has been revised; in the case of a scientific-innovation rent, it is the holder of a patent or a license holder, an industrial capitalist or an employee who creates a new or improved product; in some cases, the fourth entity of rent may be a hired researcher. In this relationship, the additional income earned by entrepreneurs in the event of commercial success has been defined as technological (innovation quasi-rent, which can change inversely proportional to the scientific-innovation rent. It has been proved that countries with innovation economies, acting as the main recipients of scientific-innovation rents, may concede to the technological quasi-rent of the less developed countries, in particular, to China.

  16. Water rent: essence, sources of formation and accounting reflection

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T.S. Osadcha

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available There is the urgent necessity of the transition to a higher level of economic relations in the system of environmental management in the present conditions of economy of the country. As a result, the issues like formation of information support for water rent management, determining the ways of its calculation, distribution as well as usage of water rents require urgent solutions. The study focuses on the essence of water rent and forming organizational and methodological provisions of its accounting reflection to ensure sustainable ecological and economic development of the enterprise. As a result of research the classification of water rent, that affects reflection of such rent in accounting has been formed. It is established that the amount of water rent for accounting reflection can be defined as the difference between actual and normal profit of enterprise-water users. A number of analytical accounts of first and second order as well as the typical correspondence of accounts for accounting reflection of water rent have been suggested. The information from the Report on the formation of water rent that contains data on the sources of payback of expenses incurred for the maintenance of water bodies and the impact of ecological condition of water body on the size of water rent has been suggested to be used in order to manage the size of water rent and expenses incurred to obtain it. Thus, determining the amount of water rent will allow management personnel to adjust the activity of the company in accordance with the strategic objectives of the company’s development regarding the profitability and compliance with the concept of sustainable development.

  17. 24 CFR 982.617 - Shared housing: Rent and voucher housing assistance payment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Shared housing: Rent and voucher... Special Housing Types Shared Housing § 982.617 Shared housing: Rent and voucher housing assistance payment... five bedroom unit, the ratio would be 3/5. (b) Rent to owner: Reasonable rent. (1) The rent to owner...

  18. 41 CFR 102-85.140 - How are changes in Rent reflected in OAs?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false How are changes in Rent... OCCUPANCY IN GSA SPACE Rent Charges § 102-85.140 How are changes in Rent reflected in OAs? (a) If Rent... that certain components of Rent are subject to annual escalation; e.g., operating expenses, real estate...

  19. 24 CFR 982.613 - Group home: Rent and voucher housing assistance payment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Group home: Rent and voucher... Special Housing Types Group Home § 982.613 Group home: Rent and voucher housing assistance payment. (a... person plus any PHA-approved live-in aide. (b) Rent to owner: Reasonable rent limit. (1) The rent to...

  20. 41 CFR 102-85.130 - How are exemptions from Rent granted?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Rent granted? 102-85.130 Section 102-85.130 Public Contracts and Property Management Federal Property... OCCUPANCY IN GSA SPACE Rent Charges § 102-85.130 How are exemptions from Rent granted? Exemptions from Rent are rare. However, the Administrator of General Services may exempt any GSA customer from Rent after a...

  1. Rent vand og en bæredygtig udvikling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindegaard, Hanne; Bregnhøj, Henrik

    2002-01-01

    Om den Nepalesiske NGO 'Nepal Water for Health' og deres projekter for at skaffe rent vand, toiletter og hygiejne i nepalesiske landsbyer.......Om den Nepalesiske NGO 'Nepal Water for Health' og deres projekter for at skaffe rent vand, toiletter og hygiejne i nepalesiske landsbyer....

  2. A Rent-Seeking Experiment for the Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strow, Brian Kent; Strow, Claudia Wood

    2007-01-01

    Recent research has demonstrated that active learning techniques improve student comprehension and retention of abstract economic ideas such as rent seeking. Instructors can reinforce the concept of rent seeking with a classroom game, particularly one involving real money. The authors improve upon a game first introduced by Goeree and Holt (1999)…

  3. Game theoretic aspects of crowd renting | Nwobi-Okoye | Science ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Politicians and businessmen use various strategies to outwit their opponents. One such strategy is crowd renting, a powerful virtual strategy. A mathematical model developed by Nwobi-Okoye using game theory is used to show that crowd renting would always be the equilibrium strategy in strategic interactions involving ...

  4. 202 INFLUENCE OF BUILDING COSTS ON RENTS OF ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Building, Costs, Rent, Residential, Property, Accommodation. Introduction. Background ... of some unpartitioned floor space which users could finish as their budget allows”. ... rise as indicated below: Table IV: Average Rent Per Annum Paid for Residential Accommodation in Owerri between 1990 and 2005. Accommodation.

  5. Election cycles in natural resource rents : Empirical evidence

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Klomp, Jeroen; de Haan, Jakob

    We examine whether governments' natural resource rents are affected by upcoming elections and if so, whether the incumbent uses these additional rents for re-election purposes. Estimates of a dynamic panel model for about 60 countries for 1975-2011 suggest that elections increase natural resource

  6. 26 CFR 1.856-4 - Rents from real property.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... received by a prime tenant from subtenants by reason of an agreement that rent shall be increased to reflect all or a portion of an increase in real estate taxes, property insurance, operating costs of the... but is in reality used as a means of basing the rent on income or profits. The provisions of this...

  7. 77 FR 69651 - Final Fair Market Rents for the Housing Choice Voucher Program for Small Area Fair Market Rent...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-20

    ... with reasonable time for public comment and shall become effective upon the date of publication in... 2005-2009 5- year ACS based ZIP code median gross rent data with 2006-2010 5-year ZIP Code Tabulation Area (ZCTA) median gross rent data. The use of the more current ACS data is consistent with the update...

  8. Neural Networks Modelling of Municipal Real Estate Market Rent Rates

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muczyński Andrzej

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the results of research on the application of neural networks modelling of municipal real estate market rent rates. The test procedure was based on selected networks trained on the local real estate market data and transformation of the detected dependencies – through established models – to estimate the potential market rent rates of municipal premises. On this basis, the assessment of the adequacy of the actual market rent rates of municipal properties was made. Empirical research was conducted on the local real estate market of the city of Olsztyn in Poland. In order to describe the phenomenon of market rent rates formation an unidirectional three-layer network and a network of radial base was selected. Analyses showed a relatively low degree of convergence of the actual municipal rent rents with potential market rent rates. This degree was strongly varied depending on the type of business ran on the property and its’ social and economic impact. The applied research methodology and the obtained results can be used in order to rationalize municipal property management, including the activation of rental policy.

  9. 76 FR 59716 - Notice of Submission of Proposed Information Collection to OMB Transformation Initiative: Rent...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-27

    ... Initiative: Rent Reform Demonstration Small Grant Research Program AGENCY: Office of the Chief Information...: Transformation Initiative: Rent Reform Demonstration Small Grant Research Program. OMB Approval Number: 2528...

  10. Rents in property rights creation and implementation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Žarković Jelena

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available The institution of property rights is increasingly being recognized as an essential building block of an economically prosperous society. The question that remains unanswered however, is how do we develop effective property rights institutions? The literature dealing with the development of property rights tends to be, in general, overly optimistic since there is a tendency to view the design of property rights institutions as optimizing decisions to economize on transaction costs and to facilitate new economic activities. On the other hand, since property rights define the distribution of wealth and political power in a society changes in property rights structures are likely to be influenced by more than pure efficiency considerations. Therefore, in order to achieve a balanced analysis of the evolution of property rights institutions our article introduces the state in the whole process. Following the propositions of the interest group theory of government we show an important relationship between rent seeking and state involvement in property rights creation. The state with a coercive power to establish and enforce property rights can also use that power, through the process of economic regulation, to redistribute property rights to politically influential interest groups. Herein lies the state failure in property rights creation.

  11. ABOUT DISTRIBUTION OF NATURAL RENTS IN MODERN RUSSIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G.B. Morozov

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Authors analyses available position of more full distribution of natural rents from obtaining business to State for decision many socio-economic problem in scientific and journalistic literature. With position of civil law they reveal fact that present-day appropriation of State minerals which become property of extracting enterprises show the legal nonsense. This fact is contradict current legislation. Instead of function point of view about forms of rent withdrawal from income obtaining enterprises authoress thinking that the most lawful and fair way of receipt natural rent by State like owner of minerals is contractor’s agreement on extraction minerals.

  12. Unions, the rule of law, and political rent seeking

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Thieblot, Armand

    2010-01-01

    .... The first section of this article covers the relationship between unions, the rule of law, and economic rents from the origin of the union movement through the changing patterns of the three phases...

  13. Rent ubehandlet grundvand - kan vi bevare drømmen?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Arvin, Erik

    2016-01-01

    Vi drømmer om at drikke rent ubehandlet grundvand, et sundt naturprodukt uden menneskelig indgriben. Men kan drømmen opretholdes i vores komplicerede samfund, hvor alt skal være effektivt, og hvor der ikke må være kalkpletter på glasset? Jeg har arbejdet for rent drikkevand i mere end 30 år. Det...

  14. En kop kaffe med biodiversitet og rent drikkevand, tak!

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bosselmann, Aske Skovmand

    2012-01-01

    Salg af rent vand, CO2 -kreditter og beskyttelse af biodiversitet kan hjælpe naturen og give en ekstra indkomst til kaffefarmere, der dyrker kaffe i skyggen af træer.......Salg af rent vand, CO2 -kreditter og beskyttelse af biodiversitet kan hjælpe naturen og give en ekstra indkomst til kaffefarmere, der dyrker kaffe i skyggen af træer....

  15. Mathematical programming studies of short run oil refinery rents

    OpenAIRE

    Sanchez Buelga, A.

    1986-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to find general behavioural patterns or tendencies of Oil Refinery Rents in the short term with the objective of constructing functional relationships between them and their determinants. The theory of rent is examined in general, and in particular in relation to the oil refinery. Under two main hypotheses, the existence of a competitive equilibrium market for oil, and the Unidimensionality in energy pricing or The First Principle of Energy Substitution, two Linea...

  16. Fair Market Rents (Fair Market Rents For The Section 8 Housing Assistance Payments Program) - National Geospatial Data Asset (NGDA)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Housing and Urban Development — This dataset and map service provides information on Fair Market Rents (FMRs). FMRs are primarily used to determine payment standard amounts for the Housing Choice...

  17. 24 CFR 983.304 - Other subsidy: effect on rent to owner.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Other subsidy: effect on rent to... URBAN DEVELOPMENT PROJECT-BASED VOUCHER (PBV) PROGRAM Rent to Owner § 983.304 Other subsidy: effect on rent to owner. (a) General. In addition to the rent limits established in accordance with § 983.301 and...

  18. 7 CFR 3560.208 - Rents during eviction or failure to recertify.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Rents during eviction or failure to recertify. 3560... HOUSING SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE DIRECT MULTI-FAMILY HOUSING LOANS AND GRANTS Rents § 3560.208 Rents during eviction or failure to recertify. (a) Rents during eviction. If a tenant is appealing an...

  19. 41 CFR 102-85.145 - When are customer agencies responsible for Rent charges?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... agencies responsible for Rent charges? 102-85.145 Section 102-85.145 Public Contracts and Property... PROPERTY 85-PRICING POLICY FOR OCCUPANCY IN GSA SPACE Rent Charges § 102-85.145 When are customer agencies responsible for Rent charges? (a) When a customer agency occupies cancelable space, it is responsible for Rent...

  20. 24 CFR 982.520 - Regular tenancy: Special adjustment of rent to owner.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... of rent to owner. 982.520 Section 982.520 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to... Rent and Housing Assistance Payment § 982.520 Regular tenancy: Special adjustment of rent to owner. (a... the rent to owner to reflect increases in the actual and necessary costs of owning and maintaining the...

  1. 41 CFR 102-85.115 - How is the Rent determined?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false How is the Rent... OCCUPANCY IN GSA SPACE Rent Charges § 102-85.115 How is the Rent determined? Unless an exemption is granted under the authority of the Administrator of General Services, the Rent charged approximates commercial...

  2. 24 CFR 1006.310 - Rent and lease-purchase limitations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Rent and lease-purchase limitations... URBAN DEVELOPMENT NATIVE HAWAIIAN HOUSING BLOCK GRANT PROGRAM Program Requirements § 1006.310 Rent and lease-purchase limitations. (a) Rents. The DHHL must develop and follow written policies governing rents...

  3. 36 CFR 18.5 - May property be leased without receiving fair market value rent?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... without receiving fair market value rent? 18.5 Section 18.5 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL... leased without receiving fair market value rent? Property may be leased under this part only if the lease requires payment of rent to the government equal to or higher than the property's fair market value rent...

  4. 26 CFR 1.1055-1 - General rule with respect to redeemable ground rents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... rents. 1.1055-1 Section 1.1055-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY... redeemable ground rents. (a) Character of a redeemable ground rent. For purposes of subtitle A of the Code (1) a redeemable ground rent (as defined in section 1055(c) and paragraph (b) of this section) shall be...

  5. 24 CFR 1000.132 - Are utilities considered a part of rent or homebuyer payments?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... rent or homebuyer payments? 1000.132 Section 1000.132 Housing and Urban Development Regulations... Activities § 1000.132 Are utilities considered a part of rent or homebuyer payments? Utilities may be considered a part of rent or homebuyer payments if a recipient decides to define rent or homebuyer payments...

  6. 24 CFR 982.519 - Regular tenancy: Annual adjustment of rent to owner.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... of rent to owner. 982.519 Section 982.519 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to... Rent and Housing Assistance Payment § 982.519 Regular tenancy: Annual adjustment of rent to owner. (a) When rent is adjusted. At each annual anniversary date of the HAP contract, the PHA must adjust the...

  7. 76 FR 14421 - Section 8 Housing Assistance Payments Program-Contract Rent Annual Adjustment Factors (AAFs...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-16

    ... Survey (ACS) data on the ratio of utilities to rents.\\2\\ \\1\\ CPI indexes CUUSA103SEHA and CUSR0000SAH2... AAFs In this publication, the rent and fuel and utilities inflation factors for large metropolitan... produce Contract Rent AAFs comes from 2008 ACS median rent and utility costs. Geographic Areas Contract...

  8. LIFE STYLE OF RENTED LAND OWNERS IN UBUD SUBDISTRICT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A.A. Gde Putra Pemayun

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available This present study was intended to analyze the Life Style of the Rented Land Owners at Ubud Subdistrict. The problems of the study are formulated as follows: (1 what is the characteristic of the rented land owners at Ubud Subdistrict like? (2 How has the process of life style of the rented land owners at Ubud Subdistrict  taken place? And (3 what is the implication of the life style of the rented land owners on their lives? Qualitative method was employed in the study. The data were processed using observation, interview and documentary techniques. The workability of the law regulating the demand for land at Ubud Subdistrict motivated the land owners to rent out their land to investors. Apart from that, the internal dimension, which is made up of the economical capital, was the most important element as it could activate small, medium and big enterprises. Another aspect was image which was reflected through perception, cognition, motivation, and attitude of individuals as consumers. As an illustration, they built luxurious houses and showed off luxurious cars to show the image that they were new wealthy people. On the other hand, there was external dimension, namely, the highly rapid development of tourism, which could positively and negatively contribute to the life style of the people living at Ubud Subdistrict. Such an implication could not be avoided. The other aspect was consumerism; the consumers were around the symbol and sign. Mass media were the miracles of the object liturgy; pleasure was defined as the realization of freedom, and the human body was the main object of consumers. The last aspect was the government’s policy which determined that Ubud Subdistrict was a tourist destination. As a result, the local people had the opportunity to rent out their land which was used to expand the industry of tourism and to activate the other economic enterprises.

  9. Predicting returns and rent growth in the housing market using the rent-to-price ratio: Evidence from the OECD countries

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Engsted, Tom; Pedersen, Thomas Quistgaard

    We investigate the predictive power of the rent-to-price ratio for future real estate returns and rent growth in 18 OECD countries over the period 1970 to 2011. First, we document that in most countries returns are signi…cantly predictable by the rent-price ratio. An increase (decrease...... dependent on whether returns and rents are measured in nominal or real terms. Finally, there is some evidence of sub-sample instability in the predictive patterns, especially wrt. rent growth predictability. The predictability tests are conducted within a restricted VAR framework based on the dynamic Gordon...

  10. Water value, resource rent recovery and economic welfare cost of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Second, the study can benefit from improved specification of the water sector model parameters, particularly the supply side as better information will allow estimation of an upward sloping supply (marginal cost) curve. Key words: water value, resource rent and subsidies, water sector model, price elasticity of demand

  11. Balti kalleim lao- ning tootmispindade rent on Riias / Kristo Kiviorg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kiviorg, Kristo

    2005-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Delovõje Vedomosti 21. sept. lk. 12. Tootmis- ja laopindade rent Baltimaades ja Soomes. Vt. samas: Tallinnas lao- ning tootmispinnad poolaastaga kallinenud kuni 37%; Helsingis on kõige rohkem tõusnud C-kvaliteediklassi pinnad; Tartu piirkonnas enamik saadaolevaid pindu keskmises või halvas seisukorras

  12. Between 'Land Grabs' and Agricultural Investment: Land Rent ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This article examines whether the land rent contracts and the Ethiopian legal framework on rural land use rights can assure win-win mutual benefits expected from large-scale land transfers to foreign investors. The article further examines the challenges in the realization of the Seven Principles for Responsible Agricultural ...

  13. Chain Affiliation, Store Prestige, and Shopping Center Rents

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    François Des Rosiers; Marius Thériault; Jean Dubé

    2016-01-01

    .... The rent impact of chain affiliation is assessed in interaction with store prestige. Our database includes 1,367 retail leases in the 2000-2003 period for 11 regional and super-regional shopping centers in Montreal and Quebec City, Canada...

  14. 76 FR 39117 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection: Transformation Initiative Rent Reform Demonstration...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-05

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT Notice of Proposed Information Collection: Transformation Initiative Rent Reform... Rent Reform Demonstration Small Grants. Description of the need for information and proposed use: The...

  15. Fair Market Rents For The Section 8 Housing Assistance Payments Program

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Housing and Urban Development — Fair Market Rents (FMRs) are primarily used to determine payment standard amounts for the Housing Choice Voucher program, to determine initial renewal rents for some...

  16. 24 CFR 248.121 - Annual authorized return and aggregate preservation rents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... aggregate preservation rents. 248.121 Section 248.121 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to... authorized return and aggregate preservation rents. (a) Annual authorized return. For each eligible low... rents. For each eligible low income housing project appraised under § 248.111, the Commissioner shall...

  17. 25 CFR 162.224 - When are rent payments due under an agricultural lease?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false When are rent payments due under an agricultural lease... LEASES AND PERMITS Agricultural Leases Lease Requirements § 162.224 When are rent payments due under an agricultural lease? An agricultural lease must specify the dates on which all rent payments are due. Unless...

  18. 24 CFR 984.304 - Total tenant payment, family rent, and increases in family income.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Total tenant payment, family rent... PROGRAM Program Operation § 984.304 Total tenant payment, family rent, and increases in family income. (a... set forth in 24 CFR part 913. (2) Section 8 FSS program: Calculation of family rent. For the rental...

  19. 25 CFR 162.222 - How much rent must be paid under an agricultural lease?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false How much rent must be paid under an agricultural lease... LEASES AND PERMITS Agricultural Leases Lease Requirements § 162.222 How much rent must be paid under an... section. The tenant's rent payments may be: (1) In fixed amounts; or (2) Based on a share of the...

  20. 24 CFR 81.19 - Affordability-Rent level definitions-tenant income is not known.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Affordability-Rent level...) Housing Goals § 81.19 Affordability—Rent level definitions—tenant income is not known. For purposes of... determined based on unit size as follows: (a) For moderate-income, maximum affordable rents to count as...

  1. 26 CFR 1.467-2 - Rent accrual for section 467 rental agreements without adequate interest.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 6 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Rent accrual for section 467 rental agreements... Taken § 1.467-2 Rent accrual for section 467 rental agreements without adequate interest. (a) Section...), the fixed rent for each rental period is the proportional rental amount, computed under paragraph (c...

  2. 24 CFR 888.420 - One-time Contract Rent determination.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false One-time Contract Rent... PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES PROGRAM) SECTION 8 HOUSING ASSISTANCE PAYMENTS PROGRAM-FAIR MARKET RENTS AND CONTRACT RENT ANNUAL ADJUSTMENT FACTORS Retroactive Housing Assistance Payments for Moderate Rehabilitation...

  3. 75 FR 33821 - Section 8 Random Digit Dialing Fair Market Rent Surveys

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-15

    ... URBAN DEVELOPMENT Section 8 Random Digit Dialing Fair Market Rent Surveys AGENCY: Office of the Chief... provides HUD with a fast, inexpensive way to estimate Section 8 Fair Market Rents (FMRs) in areas not... lists the following information: Title of Proposal: Section 8 Random Digit Dialing Fair Market Rent...

  4. 30 CFR 285.507 - What rent payments must I pay on a project easement?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What rent payments must I pay on a project... Financial Assurance Requirements Payments § 285.507 What rent payments must I pay on a project easement? (a) You must pay MMS a rent fee for your project easement of $5 per acre, subject to a minimum of $450 per...

  5. 32 CFR 644.456 - Rent during the period required for restoration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Rent during the period required for restoration... § 644.456 Rent during the period required for restoration. A sufficent period of time for performance of... the Government's estimate, and rent allowed in the settlement during such period to the extent that...

  6. 12 CFR 1282.19 - Affordability-Rent level definitions-tenant income is not known.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Affordability-Rent level definitions-tenant... GOALS AND MISSION ENTERPRISE HOUSING GOALS AND MISSION Housing Goals § 1282.19 Affordability—Rent level...) For moderate-income, maximum affordable rents to count as housing for moderate-income families shall...

  7. 75 FR 76036 - Charming Shoppes of Delaware, Inc. Accounts Payable, Rent, Merchandise Disbursement Divisions...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-07

    ... Employment and Training Administration Charming Shoppes of Delaware, Inc. Accounts Payable, Rent, Merchandise... of Charming Shoppes of Delaware, Inc., including the Accounts Payable, Rent, and Merchandise... the same division, are engaged in activities related to the supply of accounts payable, rent...

  8. 24 CFR 200.1303 - Annual income exclusions for the Rent Supplement Program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... Rent Supplement Program. 200.1303 Section 200.1303 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating... Administrative Matters § 200.1303 Annual income exclusions for the Rent Supplement Program. (a) The exclusions to annual income described in 24 CFR 5.609(c) apply to those rent supplement contracts governed by the...

  9. 24 CFR 888.320 - One-time Contract Rent determination.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false One-time Contract Rent... PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES PROGRAM) SECTION 8 HOUSING ASSISTANCE PAYMENTS PROGRAM-FAIR MARKET RENTS AND CONTRACT RENT ANNUAL ADJUSTMENT FACTORS Retroactive Housing Assistance Payments for New Construction...

  10. 24 CFR 982.622 - Manufactured home space rental: Rent to owner.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ...: Rent to owner. 982.622 Section 982.622 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing... Special Housing Types Manufactured Home Space Rental § 982.622 Manufactured home space rental: Rent to owner. (a) What is included. (1) Rent to owner for rental of a manufactured home space includes payment...

  11. 45 CFR 234.75 - Rent payments to public housing agencies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Rent payments to public housing agencies. 234.75... FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE TO INDIVIDUALS § 234.75 Rent payments to public housing agencies. At the option of a..., Federal financial participation under such title is available in rent payments made directly to a public...

  12. 24 CFR 982.521 - Rent to owner in subsidized project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Rent to owner in subsidized project... URBAN DEVELOPMENT SECTION 8 TENANT BASED ASSISTANCE: HOUSING CHOICE VOUCHER PROGRAM Rent and Housing Assistance Payment § 982.521 Rent to owner in subsidized project. (a) Applicability to subsidized project...

  13. Who Moves Out of Social Housing? : The Effect of Rent Control on Housing Tenure Choice

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kattenberg, Mark; Hassink, W.H.J.

    Rent control provides substantial in-kind benefits to tenants of social housing. In the Netherlands these benefits equal almost 40% of the market rent on average. We show that rent control benefits for the 10% tenants with highest income are 5% points higher than the benefits for the 10% with lowest

  14. 24 CFR 888.113 - Fair market rents for existing housing: Methodology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Fair market rents for existing housing: Methodology. 888.113 Section 888.113 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to... existing housing: Methodology. (a) Basis for setting fair market rents. Fair Market Rents (FMRs) are...

  15. The Amsterdam rent index: the housing market and the economy, 1550-1850

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Eichholtz, P.; Straetmans, S.; Theebe, M.

    2012-01-01

    The paper investigates the long run historic development of the Amsterdam rental housing market (1550-1850). Using rent data on a large cross section of residential properties in Amsterdam we are able to develop an annual constant-quality rent index for the entire time period. Whereas nominal rents

  16. 50 CFR 600.1001 - Requests.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Requests. 600.1001 Section 600.1001... Requests. (a) A Council or the Governor of a State under whose authority a proposed reduction fishery is subject may request that NMFS conduct a program in that fishery. Each request shall be in writing and...

  17. Africa's Elites Ways of Commodifying Politics to Valorise Economic Rent

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Muchie, Mammo

    2011-01-01

    This paper starts with incredulity first. Whilst doing some research for this paper, I came across members of the top political elite from Zaire to Nigeria often taken as 'kleptocrat extraordinaire' to be also in the forefront in denoucing rennt-seeking and corruption with an equal extraordinaire...... on this dlemma in order to address how rent-seeking cleansing can be attempted to align the elites as part of the solution rather than the problem of African economic and political development....

  18. Chicago's water market: Dynamics of demand, prices and scarcity rents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ipe, V.C.; Bhagwat, S.B.

    2002-01-01

    Chicago and its suburbs are experiencing an increasing demand for water from a growing population and economy and may experience water scarcity in the near future. The Chicago metropolitan area has nearly depleted its groundwater resources to a point where interstate conflicts with Wisconsin could accompany an increased reliance on those sources. Further, the withdrawals from Lake Michigan is limited by the Supreme Court decree. The growing demand and indications of possible scarcity suggest a need to reexamine the pricing policies and the dynamics of demand. The study analyses the demand for water and develops estimates of scarcity rents for water in Chicago. The price and income elasticities computed at the means are -0.002 and 0.0002 respectively. The estimated scarcity rents ranges from $0.98 to $1.17 per thousand gallons. The results indicate that the current prices do not fully account for the scarcity rents and suggest a current rate with in the range $1.53 to $1.72 per thousand gallons.

  19. RENT+: an improved method for inferring local genealogical trees from haplotypes with recombination.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mirzaei, Sajad; Wu, Yufeng

    2017-04-01

    : Haplotypes from one or multiple related populations share a common genealogical history. If this shared genealogy can be inferred from haplotypes, it can be very useful for many population genetics problems. However, with the presence of recombination, the genealogical history of haplotypes is complex and cannot be represented by a single genealogical tree. Therefore, inference of genealogical history with recombination is much more challenging than the case of no recombination. : In this paper, we present a new approach called RENT+  for the inference of local genealogical trees from haplotypes with the presence of recombination. RENT+  builds on a previous genealogy inference approach called RENT , which infers a set of related genealogical trees at different genomic positions. RENT+  represents a significant improvement over RENT in the sense that it is more effective in extracting information contained in the haplotype data about the underlying genealogy than RENT . The key components of RENT+  are several greatly enhanced genealogy inference rules. Through simulation, we show that RENT+  is more efficient and accurate than several existing genealogy inference methods. As an application, we apply RENT+  in the inference of population demographic history from haplotypes, which outperforms several existing methods. : RENT+  is implemented in Java, and is freely available for download from: https://github.com/SajadMirzaei/RentPlus . : sajad@engr.uconn.edu or ywu@engr.uconn.edu. : Supplementary data are available at Bioinformatics online.

  20. Rent-seeking and timber rights allocation in Ghana

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Carlsen, Kirsten; Hansen, Christian Pilegaard

    2014-01-01

    This paper describes types, processes and importance of rent-seeking in the allocation of timber rights in Ghana. It is based on an analysis of 30 interviews with large-, medium- and small-scale timber firms, as well as government officials and timber industry organizations in Ghana. The paper...... involving exchange of timber rights for political support and/or material, personal benefits. Second, timber rights are allocated to persons or firms outside the timber sector allegedly as payment for political support. The paper concludes that the Voluntary Partnership Agreement between Ghana and the EU...

  1. Agricultural rent-seeking in developing countries: an empirical investigation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hvid, Anna

    2014-01-01

    Recent increases in demand for agricultural land has fuelled academic, as well as public, interest in the potential effects of high value agricultural land, particularly in developing countries. The dominating question seems to be: will increasing demand for agricultural land imply land grabbing...... or rural development? This article finds empirical support for a proposed theory which suggests that the extent of agricultural rent-seeking, in the form of large-scale land acquisitions, is determined by the relative political power of an elite and a farmer group. © 2014 Taylor & Francis....

  2. PV potential and potential PV rent in European regions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Anders Chr.; Thorn, Paul

    2013-01-01

    The paper provides a GIS based model for assessing the potentials of photovoltaic electricity in Europe by NUTS 2 regions. The location specific energy potential per PV-­‐panel area is estimated based on observations of solar irradiation, conversion efficiency, levelised costs and the social value...... of PV-­‐electricity. Combined with the potential density of PV-­‐panel area based on land cover and environental restrictions, the PV energy potential and the potential PV ressource rent is calculated. These calculations enbable the model to estimate the regional patterns at NUTS 2 level...

  3. Factors Influencing Renting Decision of EMU Students in North Cyprus –An Explanatory Study

    OpenAIRE

    Huseynova, Vafa

    2014-01-01

    This thesis empirically examines 29 factors influencing in renting decision of EMU students in Famagusta real estate market. Totally, 202 students of EMU have participated in this survey. Mean scores, and one-sided t-test are conducted to research and compare the renting factor criteria. The results display that the warranty offered is satisfactory, AC (cooling and heating, condition), furniture, distance to university are the most important factors influencing in renting apartments criter...

  4. The land rent category in mainstream economics and its contemporary applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bazyli Czyżewski

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The economic globalisation process makes the economic factors rotate faster. As a result the value added is intercepted by market mechanism and transferred to the economically stronger entities. That process concerns especially agriculture. There exists a crucial question whether an agricultural land factor is still capable to generate economic rents which would be the determinants of comparative advantages? On the one hand, D. Ricardo’s land rents are vanishing, H. George’s rents are provoking financial crisis, monetarists assumptions are becoming unsufficient, on the other, the land factor gains new environmental applications and there is still a hope that land rents have its origins in a real value. This paper aims at presenting the evolution of the land rents theory starting from classical economics. The author makes an attempt to answer the question if the land rent theories are still relevant and how land rent category can be implemented in agricul-tural policy of the UE? One formulates a hypothesis that the neoclassical theory of rent usually presented in economic textbooks is insufficient to describe reality reducing the sources of land rent to a low land supply flexibility and treating that as constant variable in economic models.

  5. 78 FR 56225 - Information Collection Request Submitted to OMB for Review and Approval; Comment Request; Soil...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-12

    ... AGENCY Information Collection Request Submitted to OMB for Review and Approval; Comment Request; Soil...) for review and approval in accordance with the Paperwork Reduction Act: ``Soil Fumigant Risk... measures necessary for reregistration eligibility for certain soil fumigant chemicals are adequately...

  6. 78 FR 4158 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection: Comment Request Rent Reform Demonstration (Task Order 1)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-18

    ..., direct observation, surveys, and analysis of administrative records. The work covered under this.... Description of the need for information and proposed use: The Department is conducting this study under... hypothesized to be increases in earnings, more accurate reporting of earnings, and job retention. Random...

  7. International Product Market Integration, Rents and Wage Formation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Allan

    International product market integration enhances both export possibilities through easier access to foreign markets, but also the import threat arising from foreign firms penetrating into the domestic market. These mechanisms affect wage formation and employment creation through many channels...... including product market rents and the possibility that jobs may be relocated across national labour markets. Possibilities and threats, however, will not in general be uniformly distributed across firms and therefore groups in the labour market. These issues are explored in a Ricardian trade model...... with imperfect competition, heterogeneity in the labour market, and decentralized wage-bargaining. The Paper analyses how product market integration affects wage formation, and identifies characteristics of winners and losers in the integration process....

  8. Influence of Transaction costs and real options on firms' own-or-rent ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Based on secondary data on 79 companies in Mekelle, Ethiopia, this paper investigates the influence of transaction cost and real option factors on firms' own or rent decision for building resources. Empirical results suggest that both transaction cost and option factors have significant influence on firms' own or rent decision.

  9. 24 CFR 1000.126 - May a recipient charge flat or income-adjusted rents?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false May a recipient charge flat or income-adjusted rents? 1000.126 Section 1000.126 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to... § 1000.126 May a recipient charge flat or income-adjusted rents? Yes, providing the rental or homebuyer...

  10. 25 CFR 162.223 - Must the rent be adjusted under an agricultural lease?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Must the rent be adjusted under an agricultural lease? 162.223 Section 162.223 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER LEASES AND PERMITS Agricultural Leases Lease Requirements § 162.223 Must the rent be adjusted under an...

  11. 75 FR 4271 - Refinement of Income and Rent Determination Requirements in Public and Assisted Housing Programs...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-27

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ] DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT 24 CFR Parts 5 and 92 RIN 2501-AD48 Refinement of Income and Rent Determination..., entitled ``Refinement of Income and Rent Determination Requirements in Public and Assisted Housing Programs...

  12. 48 CFR 18.125 - Contractor rent-free use of Government property.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contractor rent-free use of Government property. 18.125 Section 18.125 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL... Flexibilities 18.125 Contractor rent-free use of Government property. Rental requirements do not apply to items...

  13. Barriers to the Adoption of Sustainable Agriculture on Rented Land: An Examination of Contesting Social Fields

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carolan, Michael S.

    2005-01-01

    While over half of the cropland in the United States is rented, interest in land tenancy within sociological circles has been sporadic at best. In light of the prevalence of rented land in agriculture--particularly in the Midwest--it is vital that further research be conducted to investigate the effect that the rental relationship has upon the…

  14. Rent-seeking versus productive activities in a multi-task experiment

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Oosterbeek, H.; Sloof, R.; Sonnemans, J.

    2011-01-01

    Incentive instruments like asset ownership and performance pay often have to strike a balance between the productive incentives and the rent-seeking incentives they provide. Standard theory predicts that these instruments become less attractive when the effectiveness of rent-seeking activities

  15. The Effects of Rent Restructuring on Social Housing in English Rural Areas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walker, Bruce

    2004-01-01

    This paper discusses the impact of central government's rent restructuring policy on social housing in rural areas in England. It examines the effect that restructuring will have on the rents set by social landlords in a set of case study areas then considers some of the likely impacts on affordability and on new investment in rural social…

  16. Is There Rent Sharing in Italy? Evidence from Employer-Employee Data

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alessia Matano

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Using a unique employer-employee panel database, we investigate the extent of rent sharing in Italy from 1996 to 2003. We derive the following findings. First, after controlling for the national bargaining level, there is robust evidence of rent sharing at firm level. Second, by means of fixed effects estimates we show that the sorting of high-ability workers into high-profit firms appears to play a substantial role, since it captures a significant amount of cross sectional estimates of rent sharing. Third, in accordance to the related literature the endogeneity of profits causes a severe underestimation of rent sharing. Our final IV estimate of the elasticity of wages with respect to profits per employee amounts to 6%, with a "Lester" range of 24%. Moreover, we point out that the impact of rent sharing is not homogeneous across several dimensions (gender, occupation, sector and macroarea.

  17. Fighting for rents: agricultural windfall gains and social change in land-abundant developing countries

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hvid, Anna

    2013-01-01

    In recent years, a global increase in demand for agricultural commodities and land has contributed to increasing agricultural prices. This trend can be expected to continue in the future, and may result in significantly higher land rents. This paper investigates the potential distributional effects...... of increasing land rents in land-abundant developing countries from a theoretical viewpoint, and provides historical case examples to support the theoretical propositions. It is proposed that the specific characteristics of a rent-generating natural resource have implications for the concentration of economic...... and political power and hence the distribution of rents. Specifically, when it comes to agricultural land, the characteristics of land imply that the organizational capacity of farmers is a crucial determinant of the distribution of agricultural rents. The historical case examples indicate that the extent...

  18. 32 CFR 516.37 - Proceedings to repossess government real property or quarters or to collect delinquent rent.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... or quarters or to collect delinquent rent. 516.37 Section 516.37 National Defense Department of... Proceedings to repossess government real property or quarters or to collect delinquent rent. (a) General. U.S... rent is necessary, the SJA or legal adviser will notify General Litigation Branch, Litigation Division...

  19. 24 CFR 884.222 - Inapplicability of low-rent public housing model lease and grievance procedures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Inapplicability of low-rent public... Development and Operation § 884.222 Inapplicability of low-rent public housing model lease and grievance procedures. Model lease and grievance procedures established by HUD for PHA-owned low-rent public housing are...

  20. 41 CFR 102-85.125 - What alternate methods may be used to establish Rent in Federally-owned space?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... may be used to establish Rent in Federally-owned space? 102-85.125 Section 102-85.125 Public Contracts... REGULATION REAL PROPERTY 85-PRICING POLICY FOR OCCUPANCY IN GSA SPACE Rent Charges § 102-85.125 What alternate methods may be used to establish Rent in Federally-owned space? Alternate methods of establishing...

  1. 76 FR 35905 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment: Section 8 Fair Market Rent Surveys

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-20

    ... Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment: Section 8 Fair Market Rent Surveys AGENCY: Office of... information: Title of Proposal: Section 8 Random Digit Dialing Fair Market Rent Surveys. OMB Control Number... survey methodologies to collect gross rent data for specific areas in a relatively fast and accurate way...

  2. Tenure Insecurity, Climate Variability and Renting out Decisions among Female Small-Holder Farmers in Ethiopia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wisdom Akpalu

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Land tenure arrangements in Africa are generally skewed in favour of males. Compared to males, female plot owners face complex sets of constraints and systemic high tenure insecurity which culminate in low yields. In order to obtain better returns, some females rent their plots to males, but risk losing the plots to their tenants. A model has been constructed to explain renting-out decisions of female small landholders, an issue largely ignored in the agricultural economics literature. The results, based on a survey of female landholders in Ethiopia, highlight the factors that explain renting-out decisions.

  3. Bank Efficiency in China, Rent Seeking versus X-inefficiency: A non-parametric Bootstrapping Approach.

    OpenAIRE

    Matthews, Kent; Guo, Jianguang; Zhang, Nina; Wang, Lina

    2007-01-01

    This study demarcates cost-inefficiency in Chinese banks into X-inefficiency and rent-seeking-inefficiency. A protected banking market not only encourages weak management and X-inefficiency but also public ownership and state directed lending encourages moral hazard and bureaucratic rent seeking. This paper uses bootstrap non-parametric techniques to estimate measures of X-inefficiency and rent-seeking inefficiency for the 4 state owned banks and 11 joint-stock banks over the period 1997-2004...

  4. Rente und subnationale Gewalt. Der Beitrag der politischen Ökonomie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hartmut Elsenhans

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Rents are a basic element of the political economy of underdeveloped economies. They hinder and often block the mechanism of social integration through gainful employment and veto the power of labour, which characterizes capitalist societies and the constitution of citizenship. The impact of rent on political structures is, however, ambiguous. Anomie is only one possible result. Hence the link between raw material exports and non-state violence is also ambiguous. Many societies, which are characterized by rents, have developed quite powerful mechanisms of keeping internal peace, possibly with limited participation. The conditions of differential impacts of rent on social structures and political behaviour call for an analysis of internal interest mediation.

  5. Does The UK's Community-Led Sector Need To Accept Providing Housing Properties For 'market Rent'?

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Martin Field

    2013-01-01

    ... rental housing 'offer'. It notes also the readiness to accept 'market rent' as the standard cost benchmark at which property will be occupied, and what this means for the costs of new housing and residential provisions...

  6. Potentiel de germination de Moringa oleifera Lam. Sous différents ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Potentiel de germination de Moringa oleifera Lam. Sous différents traitements à Dshang dans les Hautes terres de l\\'Ouest-Cameroun. TE Pamo, B Boukila, SMC Momo, JR Kana, F Tendonkeng, LB Tonfack ...

  7. The Construction and Realisation of Geographic Brand Rent in New Zealand Wine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Hayward

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines the concept of geographic brand rent in production and marketing of New Zealand wine. It is argued that the region of origin for fine wine is not only a recognised feature of its value but that this may be conceived as a form of brand rent and furthermore that it is measurable. The analysis uses both cross-sectional and longitudinal approaches to consider grape and vineyard land prices, as well as interviews with industry informants to explore wine company strategies. Explicit use is made of the value-added chain in order to identify and situate the construction of rents and the positionality of industry actors in respect to these. The analysis highlights the quest to control different forms of brand rent that have led the restructuring of the wine industry. It also exposes countervailing pressures towards economic resilience and market vulnerability facing the fine wine industry.

  8. The Effects of Tax Competition when Politicians Create Rents to Buy Political Support

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eggert, Wolfgang; Sørensen, Peter Birch

    We set up a probabilistic voting model to explore the hypothesis that tax competition improves public sector efficiency and social welfare. In the absence of tax base mobility, distortions in the political process induce vote-maximising politicians to create rents to public sector employees....... Allowing tax base mobility may be welfare-enhancing up to a point, because the ensuing tax competition will reduce rents. However, if tax competition is carried too far, it will reduce welfare by causing an underprovision of public goods. Starting from an equilibrium where tax competition has eliminated...... all rents, a coordinated rise in capital taxation will always be welfare-improving. For plausible parameter values it will even be welfare-enhancing to carry tax coordination beyond the point where rents to public sector workers start to emerge...

  9. The effects of tax competition when politicians create rents to buy political support

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eggert, Wolfgang; Sørensen, Peter Birch

    2008-01-01

    We set up a probabilistic voting model to explore the hypothesis that tax competition improves public sector efficiency and social welfare. In the absence of tax base mobility, distortions in the political process induce vote-maximising politicians to create rents to public sector employees....... Allowing tax base mobility may be welfare-enhancing up to a point, because the ensuing tax competition will reduce rents. However, if tax competition is carried too far, it will reduce welfare by causing an underprovision of public goods. Starting from an equilibrium where tax competition has eliminated...... all rents, a coordinated rise in capital taxation will always be welfare-improving. For plausible parameter values it will even be welfare-enhancing to carry tax coordination beyond the point where rents to public sector workers start to emerge...

  10. Retail Concentration and Shopping Center Rents - A Comparison of Two Cities

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    François Des Rosiers; Marius Thériault; Catherine Lavoie

    2009-01-01

    This study aims primarily at testing whether, and to what extent, retail concentration within regional and super-regional shopping centers affect rent levels, as well as the differential impact it may...

  11. The impact of oil rents on military spending: Does corruption matter?

    OpenAIRE

    Farzanegan, Mohammad Reza

    2017-01-01

    This study shows that the level of corruption matters in how oil rents affect the military spending within countries. Using panel data covering the 1984–2014 period for the Middle East and North Africa countries, we find that the effect of oil rents on military budget depends on the extent of political corruption. Oil wealth boosts military spending when corruption (measured by the re-scaled ICRG index) exceeds a critical score of 5 (out of 6) in the MENA region.

  12. 78 FR 70915 - Information Collection Activity; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-27

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Rural Utilities Service Information Collection Activity; Comment Request AGENCY: Rural Utilities Service, USDA. ACTION: Notice and request for comments. SUMMARY: In accordance with the Paperwork Reduction Act...

  13. Relationship between the Land Rent and Agricultural Land Prices in the Czech Republic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    František Střeleček

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this article is the evaluation of factors and the importance of their impact on the land rent and landprice. A great share of rented land in the Czech Republic requires an assessment of relationship between the land rent and the price of land. Price of land is primarily influenced by location, size and purpose of use of the purchased land. An average market price of agricultural land regardless its location, size and purpose of theland use showed significant differences year by year. The ratio between the land rent and market price of land referred to as the capitalization rate has been increasing continuously since 2003. The payback period that is reciprocal to the capitalization rate corresponds to the standards of European developed states. An averagegrowth rate of the land rent should not exceed 6 % neither should it lead to a mismatch between the development of the land rent and land prices or to a disproportionate growth of land price.

  14. The Impact of Minerals Rent Tax on Kosovos’s Budget

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bedri Statovci

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available In order to reduce poverty and make substantive progress in Kosovo, the state financial system must be reformed, allowing gradual revenue growth capable of meeting the needs of a highly developed economy. The challenge for all world governments is how to collect public revenues in order to fund the state budget. The purpose of this paper is to discuss the treatment of mineral resource rent tax, which is public revenue and has a huge influence on the state budget. Since royalty is revenue that the budget of Kosovo has symbolic participation there is the need for the policy-makers to recovery the mining sector which before the 90-s and thereafter completely destroyed despite the potential rich minerals the increase of revenues from royalty helps in economic and social development. Therefore, the aim of this paper is the treatment of mineral rent in Kosovo and its comparison with some countries of the world, the legislation regulating mineral rents, the impact of the mineral rent to the budget of Kosovo, the impact of mineral rent in developing Kosovo's economic and government policies regarding mineral rent.

  15. Openness of Economy, Foreign Investment Inflows and the Phenomenon of Rent Seeking Corruption

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Syed Toqueer Akhter

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Rent seeking behavior has been amongst noticeable obstacles in path of economic growth and development for developing communities. Due to this the study aims at testing the hypothesis that the Rent seeking behavior among bureaucracy is being influenced by the openness of economy as well as inflows of foreign investment significantly. Model estimations imply that reforms may have an insignificant impact upon impact upon curtailing the rent seeking behavior among bureaucracy in a time series setting therefore this research will use two statistical econometric models to show the effect of corruption on the foreign direct inflow received in Pakistan. In order to pretest the impact of all the mentioned variables on rent seeking behavior generalized least square was used because its results were unbiased, consistent and the problem of Serial correlation was solved by using it. In order to quantify rent seeking behavior among bureaucracy different aspects of misuse of public offices appearing in form of petty and grand corruption were used using the variables informal sector, tax evasion, judicial outlay, G.D.P and F.D.I as percentage of G.D.P. All of the variables had proper signs aligned with the theory and all of the variables appeared to be significant except judicial outlay proving that the judiciary has been incompetent and ineffective. The robust regression showed all the same signs except in it every variable was appearing to be significant. Rent seeking corruption has been highly affecting Pakistan in adverse ways and this paper will show how many factors like judiciary is not playing effective role in limiting corruption and also how the economy is being affected by rent seeking behavior.

  16. A cross-national study of the association between natural resource rents and homicide rates, 2000–12

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stretesky, Paul B.; Long, Michael A.; Lynch, Michael J.

    2016-01-01

    Countries that rely on natural resource rents (that is, the revenue generated from the sale of natural resources) may suffer from a variety of social problems. This exploratory study reviews the natural resource extraction literature to derive a ‘natural resource rents–homicide’ hypothesis. Data for 173 countries for the years 2000 to 2012 are examined to determine if there is a correlation between natural resource rents and homicide rates. Multilevel growth models suggest that natural resource rents are positively correlated with homicide rates within countries (level 1) but not between them (level 2). Importantly, the correlation between natural resource rents and homicide is strongest when natural resource rents are lagged. We conclude by suggesting that increasing natural resource rents may be counterproductive over the long run and sow the seeds for a future increase in homicide. PMID:28781581

  17. 24 CFR 100.60 - Unlawful refusal to sell or rent or to negotiate for the sale or rental.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Unlawful refusal to sell or rent or... Discriminatory Housing Practices § 100.60 Unlawful refusal to sell or rent or to negotiate for the sale or rental. (a) It shall be unlawful for a person to refuse to sell or rent a dwelling to a person who has made a...

  18. Stuart London's standard of living: re-examining the Settlement of Tithes of 1638 for rents, income, and poverty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baer, William C

    2010-01-01

    The Settlement of Tithes of 1638 can be tested for biases in its London rents. Even so, it proves to be a relatively good source for seventeenth-century London, and for calculating associated median and mean rents, as well as a Gini coefficient of inequality for the distribution of resources. Through other evidence in the Settlement, rent/income ratios for London can be approximated, and from them estimates made of London's median income. Median rents and income also allow estimates of the percentage of Londoners in poverty. Though the last is inevitably disputable, the estimate holds up well to testing by other evidence.

  19. Changes of levels of rent and risk in the activity of rural farms in Poland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agnieszka Kurdyś-Kujawska

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Lease of agricultural land is a form of the land use. It enables to create or increase a farm, without having to pay capital-expenditure related to the purchase of land. In exchange for the land lease, the tenant agrees to pay a rent, which is a constant burden on its budget and can affect the economic situation of the farm. Changes in the value of rent result in, to a large extent, deficit of land in some areas of Poland, increase of prices and demand for agricultural land. The aim of the study was to analyse the determinants and dynamics of changes in the rates of agricultural rents. The source material for the study were data on the agricultural land market in Poland in 2000-2011 published by the IERiGŻ and GUS.

  20. Rent taxation and its intertemporal effects in a small open economy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Köthenbürger, Marko; Poutvaara, Panu

    2009-01-01

    Previous literature concludes that replacing wage taxation by taxes on a fixed factor or its rents benefits future generations. However, the effects of such steady-state gains on the transition generations have been left open. In this paper, we show that taxation of rents may also increase utilit...... of the current generation provided tax revenues are earmarked to reduce wage taxes. In particular, a shift in the tax mix may yield an intergenerational Pareto-improvement when the initially prevailing tax mix is sufficiently skewed toward wage taxation....

  1. Identifying Variables Influencing Tenant Affordability to Pay Rent in Ipoh City Council Public Housing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Salleh Nor Aini

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Affordability reflects the challenges faced by households in balancing the real cost of housing and non housing expenditures against income limitations placed upon the household. Various methods have been introduced to measure housing affordability among households. This study was undertaken to identify the variables influencing tenant affordability to pay rent. Data was obtained through questionnaire distribution on 350 MBI public housing tenants using the strata sampling technique. This study found that only ethnic group variable significantly influenced the ability to pay rent. The study’s findings proved that different ethnic groups faced different housing costs liabilities attributable to different socioeconomic status.

  2. Finding Good Areas for Renting Apartments Using Apartments Information and Users' Trajectories

    Science.gov (United States)

    Si, R.; Lu, M.; Arikawa, M.; Asami, Y.; Iwasaki, J.

    2014-04-01

    Current apartment renting web sites provide services to search apartments by attribute filters while they lack the services to help find areas that are convenient for living and meet customers' personal preference. In many cases, people not only need attributes of the apartments meeting their requirements, but also need the attributes of the area be satisfied. We propose an IT service that can find appropriate areas for customers to rent apartments while they want to move to new places. The areas are picked according to users' life styles mined from their former moving trajectories and to the attributes of the areas calculated from preferences of present rooms of users.

  3. WHY MY PARTICIPATION MATTERS: Rent-seeking with endogenous prize determination

    OpenAIRE

    Klarizze Anne Puzon; Marc Willinger

    2014-01-01

    We analyze an institutionalized rent-seeking game in which groups can endogenously choose the prize at stake, e.g. a common-pool resource. In the first stage, groups determine how much of the resource to protect and equally share. In the second stage, the unprotected fraction is competed for in a rent-seeking game. We consider two institutions varying in the extent by which subjects participate: majority voting (i.e. "unrestrained participation" where all group members participate in the prot...

  4. The Effect of a Sports Stadium on Housing Rents: An Application of Geographically Weighted Regression

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Enrique Agudelo Torres

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Researchers have determined that real estate prices vary in continuous ways as a function of spatial characteristics.  In this study we examine whether geographically weighted regression (GWR provides different estimates of price effects around a sports stadium than more traditional regression techniques.  We find that an application of GWR with hedonic prices finds that the stadium has a negative external effect on housing rents that extends outward 560 meters, in contrast to the positive external effect on housing rents found using a conventional estimation technique.

  5. THE BUBONIC PLAGUE OF 1349, THE WAGE-TO-RENT RATIO, AND THE ENGLISH PEASANT FAMILY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stephanie O. Crofton

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available The bubonic plague that swept England in 1349 provides an example of how changes in economic conditions can change norms of social behavior. The death of almost 50 percent of the population altered the returns to labor and land. As the demand for land and the supply of labor declined, rents fell and wages rose. This increased wage-to-rent ratio shifted the structure of the economy from household production to market production. In turn, these changes affected migration, family and community ties, women s labor force participation, family size, inheritance customs, the status of landowning widows, and care for the elderly.

  6. Motiivit käyttää Rent a local friend -palvelua

    OpenAIRE

    Eerola, Sonja

    2016-01-01

    Tämän opinnäytetyön tarkoituksena oli selvittää miksi ihmiset käyttävät Rent a local friend -palvelua, eli mitkä ovat käyttäjien motiivit vuokrata paikallinen kaveriopas. Palvelu on vielä suhteellisen uusi ilmiö matkailualalla, joten oli ajankohtaista selvittää sen tunnettavuus, suosio ja miksi ihmiset käyttävät sitä. Työn teoreettinen viitekehys koostuu Rent a local friend -palvelun tutkimisesta, motiivi-käsitteen, matkailumotiivien ja tarpeiden selvittämisestä, erilaisten matkailijoiden...

  7. A new scramble for land or an unprecedented opportunity for the rural poor? Distributional consequences of increasing land rents in developing countries

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hvid, Anna; Henningsen, Geraldine

    2014-01-01

    Price induced increases in land rents trigger an increasing incentive for rent- seeking behavior. To analyse distributional and welfare eects of increasing land rents in developing countries, we develop a game theoretic model where a large and heterogeneous group of farmers competes with a small...... and wealthy elite. The results indicate that only relatively small rent increases benet the farmers more than the elite. Moreover, political institutions have an ambiguous eect on farmers' rent share, and may even reduce overall welfare, because they induce wasteful expenditure on rent-seeking....

  8. 26 CFR 1.992-4 - Coordination with personal holding company provisions in case of certain produced film rents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... provisions in case of certain produced film rents. 1.992-4 Section 1.992-4 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE... produced film rents. (a) In general. Section 992(d)(2) provides that a personal holding company is not... “produced film rents” means payments received with respect to an interest in a film for the use of, or the...

  9. Le carbone et l'azote dans les différentes fractions granulométriques ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Le carbone et l'azote dans les différentes fractions granulométriques d'un sol brun eutrophe tropical sous irrigation de Bagré au Burkina Faso : effets de modes d'apports différents de matières organiques et minérales.

  10. Land rent and housing policy: a case study of the San Francisco Bay area rental housing market.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barton, Stephen E

    2011-01-01

    In the San Francisco Bay Area, where residential rent is among the highest in the United States, an analysis of data from several sources demonstrates that high rent cannot be accounted for by higher quality, higher operating costs, or higher construction costs. At least one-third of the total rent paid is land rent. Despite increases in real incomes, very-low-income tenants in the Bay Area today have less income remaining after payment of rent than tenants did in 1960. High land rent is a long-term feature of the Bay Area rental market that results mostly from its geography, the density of its urban centers, and a strong economy, rather than from regulatory barriers to new multifamily construction. Deregulation is not a sufficient response to the effects of land rent on low-income tenants. Government should subsidize non-profit housing organizations, particularly land trusts that remove residential land from the market. Taxes on land rent would be a particularly appropriate funding source.

  11. The solution to the Tullock rent-seeking game when R > 2: mixed-strategy equilibria and mean dissipation rates

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M.R. Baye (Michael); D. Kovenock (Dan); C.G. de Vries (Casper)

    1994-01-01

    textabstractIn Tullock's rent-seeking model, the probability a player wins the game depends on expenditures raised to the power R. We show that a symmetric mixed-strategy Nash equilibrium exists when R>2, and that overdissipation of rents does not arise in any Nash equilibrium. We derive a tight

  12. 41 CFR 102-85.15 - What are the basic policies for charging Rent for space and services?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... assignments for GSA-controlled space will be priced according to the principles of the pricing policy in this part. These principles are reflected in the following elements of GSA Rent charges: (1) “Shell” Rent...-owned buildings, a return on investment pricing approach if an appraisal-determined rental value does...

  13. The Dynamics of Urban Land Rent in Italian Regional Capital Cities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Benedetto Manganelli

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available This research tries to interpret the results of the empirical analysis of urban land value variations from 1977 to 2012 in the regional Italian capital cities based on the well-known theory of urban land rent. The historical series to be analyzed were obtained as the difference between the market value of a property and its cost of production. The paper shows, in quantitative terms, how differential and absolute rents will be translated into the dynamics of land values in relation to local specificities. The analysis of urban land rent evolution and the comparative study of the phenomenon compared to urban geography highlighted the difference among the various urban systems investigated and the criticalities generated by processes of transformation that have affected some Italian urban contexts. The difference is essentially explained by the different weight of macroeconomic variables, related to national and international contexts, and microeconomic variables, closely related to local demand and supply, in the process of rent formation.

  14. 77 FR 46447 - Proposed Fair Market Rents for the Housing Choice Voucher Program and Moderate Rehabilitation...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-03

    .... Communications must refer to the above docket number and title and should contain the information specified in... communications submitted to HUD will be available for public inspection and copying between 8 a.m. and 5 p.m... housing of a modest (non-luxury) nature with suitable amenities. In addition, all rents subsidized under...

  15. Rents Drain in Fisheries: The Case of the Lake Victoria Nile Perch ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Unfortunately, also this fishery has fallen prey to the common property problem with excessive fishing effort, dwindling stocks and declining profitability. As a result, there is a large and growing rents loss in this fishery (compared to the optimal) reducing economic welfare and economic growth opportunities in the countries ...

  16. Model Injection System Induced Accelerations in the Rent Test Leg of the 50 Megawatt Facility

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Walchli, Lawrence

    1973-01-01

    The Re-Entry Nose Tip (RENT) test leg of the 50 Megawatt Facility is used for hyperthermal testing of nose tips under simultaneous conditions as high as 100 atmospheres impact pressure and 18,000 BTU/ft2 sec heat flux...

  17. Influence of building costs on rents of residential property in Owerri ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    completed building accommodation in Owerri the Capital of Imo State without considerations to the tenants' ability to the sustainable rent payment obligations. Field investigation indicated that high costs incurred by developers and expectations of early recoupment of capital and profits from residential building investments ...

  18. Housing and welfare in Western Europe: transformations and challenges for the social rented sector

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ronald, R.

    2013-01-01

    In the post-war period, the mass provision of social rental housing units represented the primary means for resolving housing welfare issues across much of Western Europe. In contrast to North America, large swathes of state subsidized rental housing where built and let-out at submarket rents, both

  19. Rents From the Essential Health Benefits Mandate of Health Insurance Reform.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mendoza, Roger Lee

    2015-01-01

    The essential health benefits mandate constitutes one of the most controversial health care reforms introduced under the U.S. Affordable Care Act of 2010. It bears important theoretical and practical implications for health care risk and insurance management. These essential health benefits are examined in this study from a rent-seeking perspective, particularly in terms of three interrelated questions: Is there an economic rationale for standardized, minimum health care coverage? How is the scope of essential health services and treatments determined? What are the attendant and incidental costs and benefits of such determination/s? Rents offer ample incentives to business interests to expend considerable resources for health care marketing, particularly when policy processes are open to contestation. Welfare losses inevitably arise from these incentives. We rely on five case studies to illustrate why and how rents are created, assigned, extracted, and dissipated in equilibrium. We also demonstrate why rents depend on persuasive marketing and the bargained decisions of regulators and rentiers, as conditioned by the Tullock paradox. Insights on the intertwining issues of consumer choice, health care marketing, and insurance reform are offered by way of conclusion.

  20. Using the private rented sector as a form of social housing

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Oxley, M.; Brown, T.; Haffner, M.; Hoekstra, J.; Lishman, R.

    2011-01-01

    The paper considers the role of the private rented sector in supplying housing that can be defined as social housing. It will do this by considering policy initiatives in Germany, France, the USA and England that use privately owned housing to meet social needs. The operation of these initiatives

  1. Comparing micro-evidence on rent sharing from three different approaches

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dobbelaere, S.; Mairesse, J.

    2015-01-01

    Empirical labor economists have resorted to estimating the responsiveness of workers' wages on firms' ability to pay to assess the extent to which employers share rents with their employees. This paper compares this labor economics approach with two other approaches that rely on standard micro

  2. The welfare costs of rent-seeking: a methodologically individualist and subjectivist revision

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael Makovi

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Gordon Tullock is acknowledged for being the first to recognize the true costs of rent-seeking as including not only the Harberger triangle but also the Tullock rectangle. This rectangle does not constitute merely a lossless transfer of wealth, but it causes a misallocation of resources as rent-seekers invest resources in lobbying. However, a close reading of Tullock’s writings shows that his arguments are formulated in a holistic fashion, speaking of what is efficient or inefficient for society. Rent-seeking is inefficient because it reduces societal welfare. But according to a methodologically individualist and subjectivist economics, such a claim is invalid. We must distinguish between positive economic fact and normative moral philosophy. We call for a reconstruction of utility and welfare economics based on methodological individualism and subjectivism with implications for the theories of monopoly and competition: practices which Neoclassical perfect-competition theory considers to be evidence of rent-seeking should instead be deemed as indications of genuine competition Political economy should be concerned with ascertaining which institutions will best enable individuals to pursue their individually subjective ends – or else economists should be explicit about their normative preferences and political philosophies.

  3. How to redesign a rent rebate system? : Experience in the Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Priemus, H.; Haffner, M.E.A.

    2017-01-01

    In 2006, responsibility for implementing the Dutch housing allowance system was transferred from the Ministry of Housing to the Tax Authority. It has since been renamed, and is now known as the ‘rent rebate system’. A number of dilemmas have become evident since the 2006 changes. Attention has

  4. 75 FR 46958 - Proposed Fair Market Rents for the Housing Choice Voucher Program and Moderate Rehabilitation...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-04

    ... metropolitan areas. However, the first publication of five-year ACS data does not begin until the fourth... current survey data. For FY 2011, FY 2010 FMRs are updated using 2008 American Community Survey (ACS) data, and more recent Consumer Price Index (CPI) rent and utility indexes. HUD continues to use ACS data in...

  5. Rent Control and Virtual Prices: A Case Study for Interwar Belgium

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    L.J.H. Bettendorf (Leon); E. Buyst (Erik)

    1997-01-01

    textabstractAfter World War I rent control became a cornerstone of housing policy in many European countries, resulting in quantity constraints on the demand for housing. The theory on complete demand systems provides a framework for analyzing the effects of these policies on consumption. As a test

  6. Cdc5 influences phosphorylation of Net1 and disassembly of the RENT complex.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shou, Wenying; Azzam, Ramzi; Chen, Susan L; Huddleston, Michael J; Baskerville, Christopher; Charbonneau, Harry; Annan, Roland S; Carr, Steve A; Deshaies, Raymond J

    2002-04-17

    In S. cerevisiae, the mitotic exit network (MEN) proteins, including the Polo-like protein kinase Cdc5 and the protein phosphatase Cdc14, are required for exit from mitosis. In pre-anaphase cells, Cdc14 is sequestered to the nucleolus by Net1 as a part of the RENT complex. When cells are primed to exit mitosis, the RENT complex is disassembled and Cdc14 is released from the nucleolus. Here, we show that Cdc5 is necessary to free nucleolar Cdc14 in late mitosis, that elevated Cdc5 activity provokes ectopic release of Cdc14 in pre-anaphase cells, and that the phosphorylation state of Net1 is regulated by Cdc5 during anaphase. Furthermore, recombinant Cdc5 and Xenopus Polo-like kinase can disassemble the RENT complex in vitro by phosphorylating Net1 and thereby reducing its affinity for Cdc14. Surprisingly, although RENT complexes containing Net1 mutants (Net1(7m) and Net1(19m') lacking sites phosphorylated by Cdc5 in vitro are refractory to disassembly by Polo-like kinases in vitro, net1(7m) and net1(19m') cells grow normally and exhibit only minor defects in releasing Cdc14 during anaphase. However, net1(19m') cells exhibit a synergistic growth defect when combined with mutations in CDC5 or DBF2 (another MEN gene). We propose that although Cdc5 potentially disassembles RENT by directly phosphorylating Net1, Cdc5 mediates exit from mitosis primarily by phosphorylating other targets. Our study suggests that Cdc5/Polo is unusually promiscuous and highlights the need to validate Cdc5/Polo in vitro phosphorylation sites by direct in vivo mapping experiments.

  7. Shuttle requests

    CERN Multimedia

    2007-01-01

    Please note that starting from 1 March 2007, the shuttle requests: for official visits or bidders' conferences on the CERN site; towards/from the airport or central Geneva; for long distances, shall be made via Fm.Support@cern.ch or by calling 77777. The radio taxi will still be reachable at 76969. TS/FM Group

  8. 76 FR 66305 - Agency Information Collection Request, 30-Day Public Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-26

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Agency Information Collection Request, 30-Day Public Comment Request AGENCY: Office of the Secretary, HHS. In compliance with the requirement of section 3506(c)(2)(A) of the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, the Office of the Secretary (O...

  9. Long Run Relationships Between City Office Rents and The Economy In The UK – Creating a Database for Research

    OpenAIRE

    Steven Devaney

    2007-01-01

    This paper sets out progress during the first eighteen months of doctoral research into the City of London office market. The overall aim of the research is to explore relationships between office rents and the economy in the UK over the last 150 years. To do this, a database of lettings has been created from which a long run index of City office rents can be constructed. With this index, it should then be possible to analyse trends in rents and relationships with their long run determinants....

  10. Modelagem de Economic Rents através das Vantagens da Construção de Capacidades e da Seleção de Recursos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Herbert Kimura,

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available This article presents a mathematical model that integrates two mechanisms of creation ofcompetitive advantages that can lead to the achievement of economic rents: capability-buildingand resource-picking. The article explores a theoretical modeling that makes possible theunderstanding of the interaction between distinct strategic mechanisms and economic value.Through the establishment of a premise linked to asymmetric information, the expected profit andits sensitivity to competitive advantage variablesare obtained, using partial derivatives. The modelpresents a normative contribution for managers, suggesting strategies for the company, throughthe orientation of more efficient choices on the allocation of efforts in the establishment ofcapabilities or in the selection of new resources.The simulation and the analysis of sensitivity ofthe model indicate that capability-building, linkedto the dynamic-capabilities view, propitiatesmarginally increasing profits while resource-picking, associated to the resource-based view, leadsto marginally decreasing profits, implying differentiated strategies of creation of economic rents.Thus, while investments in capability-building canleverage marginal profits of the resources of thecompany, investments in information to improve resource-picking can present a point ofsaturation, depending on the function of the cost related with the reduction of informational noise.

  11. Shuttle requests

    CERN Multimedia

    2007-01-01

    Please note that, to improve the service we provide, a new telephone number - 72500 - has been set up for all shuttle requests concerning: journeys within the CERN site, i.e. official visits or bidders' conferences; journeys to or from the airport or city centre; long-distance journeys. However, it will still be possible to submit requests in writing to Fm.Support@cern. The radio taxi can also still be reached on 76969. The TS/FM group would also like to inform you that details of all light logistics services (transport of persons, distribution and collection of parcels up to 1 tonne, distribution and collection of mail) can be found on the group's website: http://ts-dep.web.cern.ch/ts-dep/groups/fm/fm.htm TS/FM Group 160239

  12. OPERATIONAL CIRCULAR No. 4 (REV. 1) – USE OF VEHICLES BELONGING TO OR RENTED BY CERN

    CERN Multimedia

    2012-01-01

    Operational Circular No. 4 (Rev. 1) entitled “Use of vehicles belonging to or rented by CERN”, approved by the Director-general following discussion in the Standing Concertation Committee meeting of 15 February 2012, is available on the intranet site of the Human Resources Department: https://hr-docs.web.cern.ch/hr-docs/opcirc/opcirc.asp It cancels and replaces Operational Circular No. 4 entitled “Conditions for use by members of the CERN personnel of vehicles belonging to or rented by CERN” of April 2003. This new version enables, in particular, to include CERN contractors and their personnel, to harmonize the structure of the circular with other circulars and to simplify the procedures by permitting electronics forms. Department Head Office HR Department

  13. Score Mining Rents in Terms of Investment Attractiveness of Peat Mining

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alexandrov, Gennady; Yablonev, Alexander

    2017-11-01

    In this article, as determinants in the system factors underlying the investment attractiveness of the peat industry is considered a rental factor, which predetermines the significant differences and peculiarities of the investment climate in the mining business and, in particular, in the sphere of peat mining. In contrast to modern studies treated the essence and role of rents in the economic mechanism, is proposed for a new approach to solving the problems of its formation. Our approach differs in that it, firstly, adequate rental relations, objectively in extractive industries, secondly, provides consensus in the interests of the owner of peat deposits and entrepreneurs, businesses in these deposits and, thus, thirdly, contributes to the creation of a favourable investment climate in the peat extraction industry. In practical terms, in accordance with the proposed approach, we have proposed specific allocation algorithm of mining rents from the profits of peat extraction enterprises.

  14. Rent pricing decision support mathematical model for finance leases under effective risks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rabbani Masoud

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays, leasing has become an increasingly important and popular method for equipment acquisition. But, because of the rent pricing difficulties and some risks that affect the lessor and lessee's decision making, there are many people that still tend to buy equipment instead of lease it. In this paper we explore how risk can affect the leasing issue support mathematical model. For this purpose, we consider three types of risk; Credit risk, Transaction risk and Risk based pricing. In particular, our focus was on how to make decision about rent pricing in a leasing problem with different customers, various quality levels and different pricing methods. Finally, the mathematical model has been solved by Genetic Algorithm that is a search heuristic to optimize the problem. This algorithm was coded in MATLAB® R2012a to provide the best set of results.

  15. DETERMINANT OF HOUSING RENTS IN URBAN ALBANIA: AN EMPIRICAL HEDONIC PRICE APPLICATION WITH NSA SURVEY DATA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mustafa Kahveci

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available As an immobile, durable and heterogonous good, each housing unit has a bundle of different characteristics. Hedonic price method, which depends on the consumer theory of the classical economics, implies that each characteristic of heterogeneous goods provides a different level of satisfaction or utility to the consumer, being widely accepted as a toolkit for estimating effects of these characteristics on prices and rents. HPM expresses housing prices as the function of structural characteristics, location characteristics, and neighborhood characteristics. Theory and empirical applications of the HPM, which have been used for more than 40 years in developed countries, due to the lack of suitable data related literature is limited in Albania. The aim of this paper is to analyze the relationship between housing rents and housing characteristics in urban Albania with micro database of Living Conditions and Income Survey 2012.

  16. Imputation of Housing Rents for Owners Using Models With Heckman Correction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beat Hulliger

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available The direct income of owners and tenants of dwellings is not comparable since the owners have a hidden income from the investment in their dwelling. This hidden income is considered a part of the disposable income of owners. It may be predicted with the help of a linear model of the rent. Since such a model must be developed and estimated for tenants with observed market rents a selection bias may occur. The selection bias can be minimised through a Heckman correction. The paper applies the Heckman correction to data from the Swiss Statistics on Income and Living Conditions. The Heckman method is adapted to the survey context, the modeling process including the choice of covariates is explained and the effect of the prediction using the model is discussed.

  17. Are physicians profit or rent seekers? Some evidence from state economic growth rates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reilly, Mary; Santerre, Rexford E

    2013-01-01

    Previous research has debated whether physicians act as profit- or rent-seekers. We argue that these two models of physician behavior can be tested by observing empirically the relationship between physician density and economic growth rates. A direct (inverse) relationship provides evidence for the profit-seeking (rent-seeking) theory of physician behavior. We empirically examine the impact of physician density on the economic growth of all US states over the period from 1973 to 2009. The empirical analysis generally finds a statistically significant and direct relationship between physician density and the growth of gross state product. The results are robust with respect to state- and time-fixed effects, individual state time trends, and 2SLS (two-stage least squares) estimation. Thus, in support of the profit-seeking theory of physician behavior, the findings reveal that physicians generally have a positive impact on the growth of the US economy.

  18. The Rents of Illegal Logging: The Mechanisms behind the Rush on Forest Resources in Southeast Albania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stahl Johannes

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Since the collapse of socialism, Central and Eastern Europe has experienced a massive rush on forest resources. This paper examines the concrete mechanisms through which the postsocialist transformation has spurred this rush through a case study of a forest sector in southeastern Albania, where various kinds of actors collide in a struggle over rent from illegal firewood extraction and trade. I argue that the broader political and economic changes of postsocialism have altered rural resource values, changed the mechanisms through which forest users gain access to productive resources, and shifted the creation and distribution of resource rent among actors. Together, these changes affected forest users′ incentives, decision-making and practices. Over the past two decades they have caused this rush and severe forest degradation.

  19. Le référent zoulou omniprésent

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frédéric Giraut

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Illustration 1 – Ephémère mémorial à la gloire de Shaka sur la plage de DurbanAuteur :  Said Boujrouf, Durban, octobre 2007.En tant qu'épopée d'un royaume précolonial conquérant et éphémère vainqueur de l'armée coloniale britannique, l'histoire zouloue avec son mythique chef Shaka a été érigée en mythe par les colonisés d’Afrique australe et par les colons britanniques et afrikaners. L'histoire guerrière a été mise scène de différents points de vue et à travers différents médias (cinéma, télé...

  20. Valuing Ecosystem Services with Fishery Rents: A Lumped-Parameter Approach to Hypoxia in the Neuse River Estuary

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Larry B. Crowder

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Valuing ecosystem services with microeconomic underpinnings presents challenges because these services typically constitute nonmarket values and contribute to human welfare indirectly through a series of ecological pathways that are dynamic, nonlinear, and difficult to quantify and link to appropriate economic spatial and temporal scales. This paper develops and demonstrates a method to value a portion of ecosystem services when a commercial fishery is dependent on the quality of estuarine habitat. Using a lumped-parameter, dynamic open access bioeconomic model that is spatially explicit and includes predator-prey interactions, this paper quantifies part of the value of improved ecosystem function in the Neuse River Estuary when nutrient pollution is reduced. Specifically, it traces the effects of nitrogen loading on the North Carolina commercial blue crab fishery by modeling the response of primary production and the subsequent impact on hypoxia (low dissolved oxygen. Hypoxia, in turn, affects blue crabs and their preferred prey. The discounted present value fishery rent increase from a 30% reduction in nitrogen loadings in the Neuse is $2.56 million, though this welfare estimate is fairly sensitive to some parameter values. Surprisingly, this number is not sensitive to initial conditions.

  1. Rent Seeking and the Unveiling of 'De Facto' Institutions: Development and Colonial Heritage within Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Joana Naritomi; Soares, Rodrigo R.; Assunção, Juliano J.

    2007-01-01

    This paper analyzes the roots of variation in de facto institutions, within a constant de jure institutional setting. We explore the role of rent-seeking episodes in colonial Brazil as determinants of the quality of current local institutions, and argue that this variation reveals a de facto dimension of institutional quality. We show that municipalities with origins tracing back to the sugar-cane colonial cycle -- characterized by a polarized and oligarchic socioeconomic structure -- display...

  2. On the effects of factor mobility on local infrastructure policy and rent-seeking

    OpenAIRE

    Lorz, Jens Oliver

    1998-01-01

    This paper deals with the influence of factor mobility on local infrastructure policy and rent-seeking activities of local interest groups. It employs a model where households differ with respect to their endowment with the immobile factor land. Local governments decide about the level of productive infrastructure in their jurisdiction. According to their land endowment, different households benefit to a different degree from the infrastructure. This redistribution effect of local infrastruct...

  3. Effets d'un stress hydrique appliqué à différents stades de ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    SARAH

    28 févr. 2014 ... Objectif : Les effets d'un stress hydrique appliqué à différents stades de développement sur l'aspect quantitatif et qualitatif ... permettant de livrer l'eau aux plantes seulement aux stades critiques de leur croissance afin d'éviter tout gaspillage. .... face à la flambée des prix de l'orge, du maïs et du soja qui est ...

  4. Une mesure différente du bien-être : l'indice du bonheur national ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Une mesure différente du bien-être : l'indice du bonheur national brut du Bhoutan 2010. La demande de mesures novatrices, mais rigoureuses, du bien-être national allant au-delà du produit national brut ne cesse de croître. ... Réglementation du marché du travail en Chine : politiques en matière de salaire minimum.

  5. The value of Growth Hacking. Business development manual for Emi-Rent Properties

    OpenAIRE

    Elezovic, Velimir

    2017-01-01

    This thesis was commissioned by Emi-Rent Properties, a real estate company based in Bel-grade, Serbia. The main objective of this thesis is to help determine the value of growth hack-er marketing for the case company’s newly commissioned marketing campaign. Secondary objective of this thesis is to present practical advice on the implementation of a successful marketing campaign with strong international aspects. The thesis will cover major marketing concepts and provide an alternative view by...

  6. The potential impact of a resource rent tax on mines in South Africa / Lindie Venter

    OpenAIRE

    Venter, Lindie

    2015-01-01

    A problem South-Africa is facing is that the wealth created by mines (also called economic rent) may not yet get distributed satisfactorily evenly between the nation and investors. In an attempt to find a solution to the abovementioned dilemma, government initiated a feasibility study for the nationalisation of mines. This proposal was however waived for two reasons: firstly that it would be unaffordable for government to buy out private companies and secondly, that it would cr...

  7. Rent control and other aspects of tenancy law in Sweden, Denmark and Finland

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Norberg, Per; Juul-Sandberg, Jakob

    In the Nordic EU member states legislation on landlord’s and tenant’s rights is defined from a socio-economic aspect. The three countries share a common legal »core« which originates from common contract law principles. Tenancy law regulation is different in major areas – especially rent regulation...... the rent regulation regimes in Sweden and Denmark as opposed to the »free market« in Finland. The aim is to draw conclusions on the functionality of the different and whether some things can be learned from the differences in between them. The elements of tenant »ownership rights« in the three countries...... are also compared and leads up to the question of whether they should be assessed as so important in relation to contractual principles that one can state that a tenant has a »right of ownership« to a home in the three countries. Analysing rent regulation regimes understanding the importance of path...

  8. 76 FR 60967 - Final Fair Market Rents for the Housing Choice Voucher Program and Moderate Rehabilitation Single...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-30

    ... rents are transformed from the time period in which they were collected to an overall 2009 value using... mobile home parks in the area, identify the utilities included in each park's rental fee, and provide a...

  9. Two-Dimensional Effort in Patent-Race Games and Rent-Seeking Contests: The Case of Telephony

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    João Ricardo Faria

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Using the political-economic history of the development of telephony during the 1870s as a backdrop, this paper studies a two-player Tullock contest that includes both research effort (R&D and legal effort (i.e., rent-seeking effort. The two types of efforts complement each other and positively influence the payoff of the contest. We assume that legal effort affects the prize value, increasing the winner’s prospective rents, and research effort impacts the probability of winning the contest. The results of the model break new ground in showing that research effort is a function of legal effort, wherein research effort increases with rent-seeking effort. The model also shows the existence of a strategic equivalence between rent seeking and patent races.

  10. ANALISIS SEWA MENYEWA PARALEL PADA PERUSAHAAN RENT CAR CV. HARKAT DALAM PERSPEKTIF EKONOMI ISLAM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Samsuardi Samsuardi

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available This study aims at determining the parallel process of car rental agreement between Harkat Rent Car Company and the owner of the car, and between the company and its customers in an Islamic economics perspective. This study also aims to analyze the risk coverage of the leased car. The data for this study was gathered through interviews, observation and documentation studies. The collected data was then analyzed using descriptive analysis method. Results showed that the process of car leasing begin when customer rented a car from CV. Harkat which was owned by its partner. The company provided a shared price for car owners according to a mutual agreement and applied only for a certain period. Furthermore, the partner has to allocate 20 percent of the income for the company. In addition, the company also required the partner to cover for maintenance costs, insurance, equipment, and spare parts. In the context of Islamic economics, the practice of leasing parallel conducted by the company was not fully Shariah compliance due to practice a lease above a lease and using two contracts in one transaction. =========================================== Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui perjanjian sewa menyewa mobil secara paralel antara Perusahaan Rent Car CV. Harkat dengan pemilik mobil dan dengan konsumennya dalam perspektif ekonomi Islam. Penelitian ini juga bertujuan untuk menanganalisis pertanggungan resiko terhadap mobil yang dijadikan objek sewa menyewa tersebut sewa menyewa mobil di Perusahaan Rent Car CV. Data untuk penelitian ini bersumber dari wawancara, obesrvasi dan studi dokumentasi. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah deskriptif analisis. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa CV. Harkat menyewakan mobil milik mitra kerjanya (pemilik mobil kepada pelanggan yang membutuhkan sewa mobil untuk keperluannya. Pemilik usaha memberikan harga kongsi kepada pemilik mobil sesuai dengan kesepakatan bersama dan untuk jangka waktu

  11. Identifying Critical Factors Influencing the Rents of Public Rental Housing Delivery by PPPs: The Case of Nanjing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jingfeng Yuan

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available The occupancy rate of Public Rental Housing (PRH in China is relatively low due to the unreasonable rents. At the same time, the development of PRH using Public Private Partnerships (PPPs increases the complexity of the rents. Therefore, the critical factors influencing the rents of PRH delivery by PPPs should be identified. Based on the comprehensive literature, this article identified a conceptual model for the factors influencing the rents of PRH delivery by PPPs in China, composed of 14 factors grouped in three factor packages, and discussed the relationships among three factor packages. A survey based on Nanjing was conducted to assess the relative significance of 14 factors. According to the results, six critical factors were identified: construction costs, household income, floor area and structure, transportation, market rents in the same district and public facilities. In addition, the proposed conceptual model had a good fit. The results also supported two hypothetical relationships among three factor packages: (1 the increase of the affordability of the target tenants had a positive effect on the increase of profits of private sectors; and (2 the increase of the affordability of the target tenants had a positive effect on the increase of level of the characteristics of PRH units. For future research, six critical factors and the relationships among three factor packages can be used to determine the reasonable rents for PRH delivery by PPPs in China.

  12. Inappropriate requests from patients

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Patients occasionally request interventions that doctors are reluctant to provide. Some of these requests are plainly inap- propriate — requests for actions that are illegal, for instance, or for interventions that are clearly and uncontroversially inef- fective. But other requests are more diffi- cult. At issue are ethical questions ...

  13. 50 CFR 600.1003 - Content of a request for a financed program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... elements of the reduction process are projected to occur. (e) Demonstrate how the program meets, or will... requester's endorsement in principle of the reduction amendment specifications in the business plan...) Include the requester's assessment of the program's potential impact on fisheries other than the reduction...

  14. Inventaire de la flore fongique et identification des différents ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    L'objectif de ce travail a été de faire une étude mycologique au sein de la bananeraie parce qu'elle n'a pas été faite avant l'installation de celle-ci et confirmer par une étude physico-chimique des horizons que le site est bien propice à la culture du bananier. Des prélèvements ont été effectués d'une part à différents ...

  15. Les expressions du référent national en néerlandais contemporain

    OpenAIRE

    Héroguel, Armand

    2007-01-01

    Expressions of national referents are used to refer to organisms, products, social or professional statuts, events who are typical for a society like a nation. With languages who are spoken in several countries (like Dutch) we can see that the expressions are not onderstood in others countries.; Les expressions des référents nationaux désignent des organismes, des produits, des statuts sociaux ou professionnels, des événements propres à une société du type Etat-nation. Pour une langue parlée ...

  16. Thinking past Henri Lefebvre : introducing “the theory of ground rent and rural sociology"

    OpenAIRE

    Elden, Stuart; Morton, Adam David

    2015-01-01

    This introduction to the translation of Henri Lefebvre's 1956 essay “The theory of ground rent and rural Sociology” moves through three stages. First, it suggests that Anglophone appropriations of Lefebvre have tended to focus too much on his urban writings, at the expense of understanding his early work on rural sociology, and failing to recognise how his urban focus emerged as a result of his interest in rural–urban transformation. Second, it provides a summary of his wider work on rural qu...

  17. Effet de différents niveaux de fertilisation azotée et du stade ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    L'étude de l'effet de différents niveaux de fertilisation azotée et du stade phénologique sur la croissance et la production de biomasse de Brachiaria ruziziensis a été réalisée à l'Université de Dschang en 2008. Un dispositif factoriel comparant six doses d'azote sous forme d'urée (0 ; 50 ; 100 ; 150 ; 200 et 250 kg d'urée/ha ...

  18. Les Glasgow Rent Strikes de 1915 ou quand la désobéissance civile des femmes contraint le législateur When Female Disobedience Lays Down the Law: the 1915 Glasgow Rent Strikes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olivier Esteves

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available The outbreak of World War I in 1914 generated a massive influx of workers into the Clyde area, a hugely strategic region for heavy industry (shipyards, but also ammunition factories. This influx caused rents to rise in a certain number of districts, mostly around the factories and the shipyards. In order to protest against such grossly unfair increases, the women of Glasgow and their families decided to refuse to pay the new rents. They argued that they too contributed actively to the war effort, and that, by imposing rent hikes, the landlords of Glasgow and their factors implicitly sided with the German foe, by weakening a portion of the population so instrumental in supplying the British armed forces on the continent. After several months of actively sustained civil disobedience, Parliament passed a law that fixed rents until the end of the conflict. But in actual fact the Glasgow Rent Strikes generated certain changes that were to go way beyond the peculiar context of the Great War.

  19. 41 CFR 102-85.155 - What does a customer agency do if it does not agree with a Rent bill?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... agency do if it does not agree with a Rent bill? 102-85.155 Section 102-85.155 Public Contracts and... REGULATION REAL PROPERTY 85-PRICING POLICY FOR OCCUPANCY IN GSA SPACE Rent Charges § 102-85.155 What does a customer agency do if it does not agree with a Rent bill? (a) If a customer agency does not agree with the...

  20. 76 FR 40755 - Information Collection Requests Under OMB Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-11

    ... Management and ] Budget (OMB) for approval. In compliance with the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 USC..., and motivation and commitment. Request for Comment: Peace Corps invites comments on whether the... Director, Management. BILLING CODE 6051-01-P ...

  1. 76 FR 64172 - Proposed Agency Information Collection Activities; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-17

    ... exception. A railroad is allowed to conduct extraterritorial dispatching from Mexico or Canada in emergency... Federal Railroad Administration Proposed Agency Information Collection Activities; Comment Request AGENCY: Federal Railroad Administration, DOT. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: In accordance with the Paperwork Reduction...

  2. Chemical Looping Combustion with Different Types of Liquid Fuels Combustion en boucle chimique avec différentes charges liquides

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hoteit A.

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available CLC is a new promising combustion process for CO2 capture with less or even no energy penalty compared to other processes. Up to now, most of the work performed on CLC was conducted with gaseous or solid fuels, using methane and coal and/or pet coke. Liquid fuels such as heavy fuels resulting from oil distillation or conversion may also be interesting feedstocks to consider. However, liquid fuels are challenging feedstock to deal with in fluidized beds. The objective of the present work is therefore to investigate the feasibility of liquid feed injection and contact with oxygen carrier in CLC conditions in order to conduct partial or complete combustion of hydrocarbons. A batch experimental fluidized bed set-up was developed to contact alternatively oxygen carrier with liquid fuels or air. The 20 mm i.d. fluidized bed reactor was filled up with 45 g of NiAl0.44O1.67 and pulses of 1-2 g of liquid were injected in the bed at high temperatures up to 950˚C. Different feedstocks have been injected, from dodecane to heavy fuel oils No.2. Results show that, during the reduction period, it is possible to convert all the fuel injected and there is no coke remaining on particles at the end of the reduction step. Depending upon oxygen available in the bed, either full combustion or partial combustion can be achieved. Similar results were found with different liquid feeds, despite their different composition and properties. Le CLC est un nouveau concept prometteur appliqué à la combustion qui permet le captage de CO en minimisant la pénalité énergétique liée au captage. Jusqu’à présent, l’essentiel des travaux de recherche dans le domaine du CLC concerne les charges gazeuses (méthane et solides (charbon et coke. Les charges liquides, et particulièrement les résidus pétroliers, sont des charges également intéressantes à considérer a priori. La mise en oeuvre de ces charges en lit fluidisé est cependant délicate. L’objet de ce

  3. Sustainable Rent-Based Closed-Loop Supply Chain for Fashion Products

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhi-Hua Hu

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The textile and clothing industry generates much pollution and consumes a large amount of resources. Improper uses and disposal of clothing products make the problems much more severe. Fast fashion products shorten the valid lifecycle and generate more waste than regular clothing products. Considering the features of fashion products, a system of a rent-based closed-loop supply chain is developed to improve the sustainability of fashion products. The supply chain processes (fashion design and manufacturing, laundry, logistics and disposal, the operations management issues (inventory management, closed-loop logistics, human-clothing matching, booking system and the rental pricing and the sustainability promotion aspects (customization, responsive system, culture and policy aspects are investigated by devising sustainable strategies. The rationalities of the developed system and strategies are reviewed and elucidated in detail. The results may contribute to building sustainable closed-loop fashion supply chains, the related information systems and operational and managerial mechanisms.

  4. Reducing appropriable quasi rents to combat the hold-up problem in contract agriculture

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Karantininis, Kostas; Graversen, Jesper Tranbjerg

    2005-01-01

    This paper examines the problem of hold-up in the agri-food sector. Production contracts offered to future Danish Broiler producers give rise to specific investments and appropriable quasi rents. Farmers are vulnerable to opportunistic behaviour by poultry processors which materializes in lower......, when building the broiler house, to prepare a viable future change in production from broilers to pigs. This will increase the bargaining power to farmers and may result in higher producer prices. Based on the general model of the hold-up problem with co-specific investments (Koss & Eaton, 1997......) this paper develops a situation where the investments characterized by relation-specific assets could be made less specific by increasing the level of the initial investments. We build budgets for alternative broiler houses with varying degrees of flexibility (from highly poultry-specific to more flexible...

  5. An Ascending Aortic Rent with a Saccular Aneurysm: Role of Multimodality Imaging

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharma, Jugal; Kapoor, Aditya; Kumar, Sudeep; Gaharwar, Saurabh; Phadke, Rajendra V.

    2013-01-01

    We report an unusual case of 26 year old previously healthy man who presented with exertional breathlessness of 6 months duration with clinical findings suggestive of moderate aortic regurgitation (AR). There was no previous history suggestive of trauma or chest pain. Trans-thoracic and trans-esophageal echocardiography showed an ascending aortic aneurysm compressing the Left atrium and presence of moderate AR. A 64 slice cardiac CT with intraaortic endoscopic reconstruction further clarified the anatomy. This revealed an ascending aortic aneurysm, extending into the middle mediastinum with a clear rent in the ascending aorta, communicating with the aneurysm. More importantly, CT imaging also confirmed the absence of a dissection flap. The case demonstrates the usefulness of multimodality imaging in defining the morpho-anatomic features in such unusual situations. PMID:26798699

  6. Pharmaceutical high profits: the value of R&D, or oligopolistic rents?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spitz, Janet; Wickham, Mark

    2012-01-01

    Pharmaceutical firms attribute high prices and high profits to costs associated with researching and developing the next generation of life-saving drugs. Using data from annual reports, this article tests the validity of this claim. We find that while pharmaceutical firms do invest in R&D, they also enjoy strong rents; between 1988 and 2009, pharmaceuticals enjoyed profits of 3 to 37 times the all-industry average, depending on the years, while investing proportionately less in R&D than other high-R&D firms. Costs of pharmaceutical drugs have successfully flown below the radar in much of the current health care debate, with producers managing to obstruct alternative sourcing as well as payment cuts. While health care is examined for savings in other areas, sustained high pharmaceutical profits suggest that as a new health care policy develops in the U.S., the pharmaceutical industry should not be excluded from examination for significant savings in health care costs.

  7. Battle for Climate and Scarcity Rents: Beyond the Linear-Quadratic Case.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kagan, Mark; van der Ploeg, Frederick; Withagen, Cees

    Industria imports oil, produces final goods and wishes to mitigate global warming. Oilrabia exports oil and buys final goods from the other country. Industria uses the carbon tax to impose an import tariff on oil and steal some of Oilrabia's scarcity rent. Conversely, Oilrabia has monopoly power and sets the oil price to steal some of Industria's climate rent. We analyze the relative speeds of oil extraction and carbon accumulation under these strategic interactions for various production function specifications and compare these with the efficient and competitive outcomes. We prove that for the class of HARA production functions, the oil price is initially higher and subsequently lower in the open-loop Nash equilibrium than in the efficient outcome. The oil extraction rate is thus initially too low and in later stages too high. The HARA class includes linear, loglinear and semi-loglinear demand functions as special cases. For non-HARA production functions, Oilrabia may in the open-loop Nash equilibrium initially price oil lower than the efficient level, thus resulting in more oil extraction and climate damages. We also contrast the open-loop Nash and efficient outcomes numerically with the feedback Nash outcomes. We find that the optimal carbon tax path in the feedback Nash equilibrium is flatter than in the open-loop Nash equilibrium. It turns out that for certain demand functions using the carbon tax as an import tariff may hurt consumers' welfare as the resulting user cost of oil is so high that the fall in welfare wipes out the gain from higher tariff revenues.

  8. 77 FR 35754 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-14

    ... Manager for Certification, Compliance Monitoring and Evaluation, Community Development Financial... Community Development Financial Institutions Fund Proposed Collection; Comment Request ACTION: Notice and... Reduction Act of 1995, Public Law 104-13 (44 U.S.C. 3506(c)(2)(A)). Currently, the Community Development...

  9. 77 FR 5779 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-06

    ... of the Secretary Proposed Collection; Comment Request AGENCY: Defense Logistics Agency, DLA Small... Reduction Act of 1995, the Defense Logistics Agency announces the proposed extension of a public information... whether the information shall have practical utility; (b) the accuracy of the agency's estimate of the...

  10. Effet de différents régimes photopériodiques sur la puberté du ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    activité reproductrice de jeunes pigeons domestiques Columba livia à la puberté : poids corporel, volume testiculaire et certains paramètres biochimiques et endocriniens. Les pigeonneaux ont été répartis en 3 lots exposés à différents régimes ...

  11. 77 FR 61157 - Final Fair Market Rents for the Housing Choice Voucher Program and Moderate Rehabilitation Single...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-05

    ... publication of ACS data to use the 2010 Decennial census for geographic boundaries. Consequently, HUD... Community Survey (ACS). These data are updated by one-year recent-mover 2010 ACS data using areas where statistically valid one-year ACS data are available. The Consumer Price Index (CPI) rent and utility indexes are...

  12. 75 FR 61253 - Final Fair Market Rents for Fiscal Year 2011 for the Housing Choice Voucher Program and Moderate...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-04

    ..., FY 2010 FMRs are updated using 2008 American Community Survey (ACS) data, and Consumer Price Index (CPI) rent and utility indexes through the year end of 2009. HUD continues to use ACS data in different... of publication in final form in the Federal Register. Each fair market rental in effect under this...

  13. Why do many resource-rich countries have negative genuine saving? Anticipation of better times or rapacious rent seeking

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Ploeg, F.

    2010-01-01

    We investigate the Hartwick rule for saving of a nation necessary to sustain a constant level of private consumption for a small open economy with an exhaustible stock of natural resources. The amount by which a country saves and invests less than the marginal resource rents equals the expected

  14. Fuzziness, democracy, control and collective decision-choice system a theory on political economy of rent-seeking and profit-harvesting

    CERN Document Server

    Dompere, Kofi Kissi

    2014-01-01

    This volume presents an analysis of the problems and solutions of the market mockery of the democratic collective decision-choice system with imperfect information structure composed of defective and deceptive structures using methods of fuzzy rationality. The book is devoted to the political economy of rent-seeking, rent-protection and rent-harvesting to enhance profits under democratic collective decision-choice systems. The toolbox used in the monograph consists of methods of fuzzy decision, approximate reasoning, negotiation games and fuzzy mathematics. The monograph further discusses the rent-seeking phenomenon in the Schumpeterian and Marxian political economies where the rent-seeking activities transform the qualitative character of the general capitalism into oligarchic socialism and making the democratic collective decision-choice system as an ideology rather than social calculus for resolving conflicts in preferences in the collective decision-choice space without violence.    

  15. 76 FR 51982 - Agency Forms Undergoing Paperwork Reduction Act Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-19

    ..., called the ``Work Hazard Game.'' Participants were asked to read and sign a consent form. After signing... Paperwork Reduction Act (44 U.S.C. Chapter 35). To request a copy of these requests, call the CDC Reports... constraints. A simple Decision Making Game (DMGame) was used in a laboratory study to investigate choice...

  16. 78 FR 17406 - Agency Forms Undergoing Paperwork Reduction Act Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-21

    ... Paperwork Reduction Act (44 U.S.C. Chapter 35). To request a copy of these requests, call (404) 639-7570 or... expertise in all aspects of vital registration and vital statistics. The training offered under this program... Average burden Type of respondent Form name Number of responses per per response respondents respondent...

  17. 78 FR 13344 - Agency Forms Undergoing Paperwork Reduction Act Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-27

    ... Paperwork Reduction Act (44 U.S.C. Chapter 35). To request a copy of these requests, call (404) 639-7570 or... United States were last directly estimated in the 1970s by CDC's Study on the Efficacy of Nosocomial... hospitals and EIP site personnel will collect demographic and clinical data from the medical records of a...

  18. The failure of introducing market institution in a rent sector into an economy in transition

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Locatelli, C.; Finon, D

    2003-07-01

    Privatisation is at the heart of the structural reforms for economies in transition. In theory, the main aim of privatisation is to change the structures of corporate governance in order to improve the efficiency of the enterprises and to assure their long-term future in a competitive environment. The adoption of formal market institutions would be sufficient to secure the new property rights, in particular because the new holders of the rights to control assets would have a great incentive to encourage the definition of new judicial rules that would guarantee their rights of ownership. In Russia that did not happen. The paper discusses the narrowed vision of institutional change, without consideration of the previous environment of formal and informal institutions, and the need to put together the institutional infrastructure that is needed for the market institutions to function. It offers explanations of the 'unexpected' results of the reforms in a capital-intensive natural resource industry, namely the hydrocarbons industry characterized by the opportunity of rent extraction by the exportation. It demonstrates right holders' interest for the weakness of the 'rule of law'. It demonstrates that the incompatibility of these institutions with the initial informal and formal institutions has led to adaptations that are strongly path-dependent, under the need to preserve a minimum of inter-industrial coherence. (authors)

  19. Effets du traitement chimique du sol et de différents types de litières ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Afin de caractériser les effets du traitement chimique du sol et de différents types de litière sur la croissance et la productivité du maïs, une expérimentation a été conduite en conditions pluviales (hivernage 2002) avec une irrigation complémentaire. Les résultats ont montré une meilleure efficacité de l'activité photochimique ...

  20. Social Rent Housing Refurbishment Demonstrator of LIFE Project “New4Old” (LIFE10 ENV/ES/439)

    OpenAIRE

    Román López, María Emilia; Gómez Muñoz, Gloria; Luxan Garcia de Diego, Margarita de

    2017-01-01

    This ecoefficient renovation of two buildings of social housing for rent is located in the historic center of Zaragoza and has been carried out among 2013 and 2015. It emerges from the conclusions and strategies developed for the NewSolutions4OldHousing project (LIFE10 ENV / ES / 439), funded by the European Commission. The general objective of LIFE project is to define the most appropriate methodology for the rehabilitation of social housing with criteria of energy and ...

  1. Effets des différents doses d'agar du milieu de culture sur l'induction ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    SARAH

    31 janv. 2014 ... augmentation de la concentration d'agar (Brand,. 1993) ainsi que l'évolution de la concentration des constituants du milieu (Ziv, 1991). Dans cette étude, les différentes concentrations d'agar ont été comparées afin d'identifier une concentration adaptée à l'induction de racines chez l'hybride. FHIA-01 ...

  2. Effet in vitro de différents niveaux NPK sur la croissance mycélienne ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Objectif : Le principal but de cette étude est d'examiner in vitro l'effet d'azote, de phosphore et de potassium, à différents niveaux, sur deux séquences biologiques de cinq pathogènes foliaires du riz (Oryza sativa) : Helminthosporium oryzae, H. sativum, H. australiensis, H. spiciferum et Curvularia lunata, notamment la ...

  3. Effets direct et résiduel de différents niveaux de fertilisation azotée ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    L'effet direct et résiduel de différents niveaux de fertilisation azotée sur la composition chimique de Brachiaria ruziziensis à la floraison a été réalisée à la Ferme d'Application et de Recherche de l'Université de Dschang en 2008 et 2009. Un dispositif factoriel comparant six doses d'azote (0 ; 50 ; 100 ; 150 ; 200 et 250 kg ...

  4. 10 CFR 490.804 - Eligible reductions in petroleum consumption.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Eligible reductions in petroleum consumption. 490.804... Alternative Compliance § 490.804 Eligible reductions in petroleum consumption. (a) Motor vehicles. Demonstrated reductions in petroleum consumption during the model year for which a waiver is requested that are...

  5. Standards of Housing for Rent Built by Municipal Social Building Society in Bialystok (Poland) during 1996 - 2012

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tokajuk, Andrzej

    2017-10-01

    The period of economic transformation in Poland started from 1989 and resulted in significant changes on the housing market. Flats became goods and process of privatizing of the housing market took place in last decade of the 20th century. It became clear, that it was necessary to create the system of housing for the people who cannot afford to buy the flat on free market. Such solutions were implemented in 1996 and since then affordable housing associations started coming into existence – organizations building flats for rent, supported by city and government budget. Large complex of such housing for rent was built in Bialystok, the major city of northeastern Poland, and it is regarded as one of the biggest in the country. The purpose of the study is characteristics of the contemporary social housing for rent in Bialystok, as good example of that kind of housing realized in Poland. The author uses a kind of parametrical method and analysis some aspects of housing environment: the urban concepts of housing developments, architectural ideas, standards of flats, and also solutions of parking places, road systems and access to basic services, including recreational areas. He gets factors of housing standards as a final result.

  6. Housing as a Social Determinant of Health: Exploring the Relationship between Rent Burden and Risk Behaviors for Single Room Occupancy Building Residents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bowen, Elizabeth A; Mitchell, Christopher G

    2016-01-01

    A growing body of health determinants research recognizes that housing and health are intimately linked. This study explores the relationship between rent burden (the ratio of rent to income) and health risk behaviors among a sample of single room occupancy (SRO) building residents. Cross-sectional data were gathered from a sample of 162 residents living in privately owned, for-profit SROs in Chicago. Findings indicated that participants who had full rental subsidies and thus were designated in a no-rent-burden category were more likely to engage in risk behaviors including illicit drug use, having multiple sexual partners, and having sex without a condom, in comparison to participants with moderate or high-rent burdens. These findings suggest that interventions to increase housing stability and affordability and bolster reliable income sources (in addition to rental subsidies) may be key in reducing risk behaviors and improving health for vulnerably housed populations such as SRO residents.

  7. Chapitre II. Le rapport de ce lectorat de jeunes adultes aux différents médias utilisés

    OpenAIRE

    Spaventa, Paola; Pellizzari, Amandine

    2014-01-01

    Image et usage comparés des différents médias Le rôle respectif des différents médias pour les jeunes lecteurs de magazines Les jeunes adultes rencontrés dans le cadre de cette étude utilisaient tous, à plus ou moins grande échelle, les principaux médias actuels, à savoir la télévision, la radio, Internet et la presse magazine. Néanmoins, ces différents médias occupent une place réelle et symbolique différente dans leur quotidien et que l’on peut résumer par le schéma suivant : Bien évidemmen...

  8. 41 CFR 301-11.14 - How is my daily lodging rate computed when I rent lodging on a long-term basis?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false How is my daily lodging rate computed when I rent lodging on a long-term basis? 301-11.14 Section 301-11.14 Public Contracts... computed when I rent lodging on a long-term basis? When you obtain lodging on a long-term basis (e.g...

  9. TRANSPORT/HANDLING REQUESTS

    CERN Multimedia

    Groupe ST/HM

    2002-01-01

    A new EDH document entitled 'Transport/Handling Request' will be in operation as of Monday, 11th February 2002, when the corresponding icon will be accessible from the EDH desktop, together with the application instructions. This EDH form will replace the paper-format transport/handling request form for all activities involving the transport of equipment and materials. However, the paper form will still be used for all vehicle-hire requests. The introduction of the EDH transport/handling request form is accompanied by the establishment of the following time limits for the various services concerned: 24 hours for the removal of office items, 48 hours for the transport of heavy items (of up to 6 metric tons and of standard road width), 5 working days for a crane operation, extra-heavy transport operation or complete removal, 5 working days for all transport operations relating to LHC installation. ST/HM Group, Logistics Section Tel: 72672 - 72202

  10. SARS Requests for Information

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Rob Hare

    2016-01-01

      It is an increasingly common scenario: the South African Revenue Service (SARS) sends a taxpayer a request for information and, if it does not receive a response, proceeds to issue tax assessments against that taxpayer...

  11. AWA RMAT Service Requests -

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Transportation — Lotus Notes application used by local support to request AWA Tier 3 support (RMATS). Consolidates and automates several routine IT support tasks and facilitates more...

  12. Soil erosion and mitigation measures on rented and owned fields in Uruguay: the impact of transgenic soya and foreign investors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caon, Lucrezia; Kessler, Aad; Keesstra, Saskia; Cruze, Rick

    2014-05-01

    Governments, companies and individuals with financial capital to invest, are worldwide buying or renting land in developing or third world countries. Uruguay is a developing country whose economy is mainly based on agriculture. Since 2000 many foreigners started to invest in the Uruguayan agricultural sector and to practice intensive large-scale agriculture. The significant presence of foreigners in the country is proven by the fact that almost 360 000 ha out of the 500 000 ha forming the study area were managed by foreigners in 2012. Nowadays farmers have abandoned the traditional crop rotation plan that included pasture to produce grain for export, and transgenic soya (soya RR) became the main crop planted by both foreigners and locals. Besides the high soil erosion rates related to having soya as main crop, planting soya implies the use of glyphosate, a broad-spectrum systemic herbicide leading to important environmental impacts. It is commonly said that foreigners investing in poor countries are exploiting the local natural resources aiming to get the highest possible profit from them. Is this a valid assumption in Uruguay? The purpose of this study was to compare the land management style of foreign and local farmers and to relate it to the soil erosion occurring in the study area. The land tenure (rented or owned fields) and the type of farmer interviewed ("individual farmer" equivalent to L.L.C. or "anonymous society" equivalent to P.L.C.) were taken into consideration during the analysis. Based on what stated by the farmers interviewed, the soil erosion simulations considered the seven most popular crop rotation plans on rented and owned fields, three ideals crop rotation plans, the application of no mitigation measures, and the construction of terraces and conservation buffers. Depending on the crop rotation plan, soils characterized by slope gradients higher than 2 resulted in soil erosion rates higher than the 7 ton/ha/year allowed by law. The highest

  13. 75 FR 65464 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection Requests

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-25

    ...The Department of Education (the Department), in accordance with the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (PRA) (44 U.S.C. 3506(c)(2)(A)), provides the general public and Federal agencies with an opportunity to comment on proposed and continuing collections of information. This helps the Department assess the impact of its information collection requirements and minimize the reporting burden on the public and helps the public understand the Department's information collection requirements and provide the requested data in the desired format. The Director, Information Collection Clearance Division, Regulatory Information Management Services, Office of Management, invites comments on the proposed information collection requests as required by the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995.

  14. Aider à construire la légitimité du gestionnaire d’un territoire environnementalement cohérent

    OpenAIRE

    Rio, Patrick

    2011-01-01

    La législation environnementale a donné un fort pouvoir d’intervention au gestionnaire chargé localement de la mise en œuvre des programmes de conservation, de protection ou de mise en valeur en imposant la prise en compte d’un cadre territorial cohérent (zone humide, bassin versant, nappe). Cet état contraste vivement avec les pouvoirs que lui octroient les démarches participatives : des décideurs territorialement impliqués mais dont les préoccupations sont fort éloignés les unes des autres ...

  15. São as empresas privadas mais rentáveis do que as empresas públicas? Caso Europeu

    OpenAIRE

    Rodrigues, Luís Miguel Guedes

    2013-01-01

    Mestrado em Contabilidade, Fiscalidade e Finanças Empresariais Existe a ideia generalizada de que as empresas públicas obtêm performances inferiores em relação às suas congéneres privadas. Grande parte da literatura afirma que existe uma diferença de rendibilidades entre as empresas públicas e as empresas privadas sendo que estas últimas são mais rentáveis. A literatura aponta dois principais factores para esta diferença de rendibilidade: a falta de concorrência a que as empres...

  16. 78 FR 23743 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; Delivery Verification Procedure for Imports

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-22

    ... Bureau of Industry and Security Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; Delivery Verification... information collections, as required by the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995. DATES: Written comments must be...., Washington, DC 20230 (or via the Internet at [email protected] ). FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Requests for...

  17. 75 FR 67948 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; U.S.-Canada Albacore Treaty Reporting System

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-04

    ... Information Collection; Comment Request; U.S.-Canada Albacore Treaty Reporting System AGENCY: National Oceanic... information collections, as required by the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995. DATES: Written comments must be...., Washington, DC 20230 (or via the Internet at [email protected] ). FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Requests for...

  18. 75 FR 60405 - Notice of Request for Extension of a Currently Approved Information Collection

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-30

    ... Rural Housing Service Notice of Request for Extension of a Currently Approved Information Collection AGENCY: Rural Housing Service (RHS), USDA Rural Development. ACTION: Proposed collection; comments requested. SUMMARY: In accordance with the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, this notice announces the Rural...

  19. 78 FR 73872 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Logistics...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-09

    ...; Comment Request; Logistics Capability Assistance Tool (LCAT) AGENCY: Federal Emergency Management Agency... accordance with the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, this notice seeks comments concerning the Logistics... Repass, Program Analyst, Logistics Management Directorate, Logistics Plans & Exercises Division, 202-646...

  20. 77 FR 22762 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; State Broadband Data and Development Grant...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-17

    ... National Telecommunications and Information Administration Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; State Broadband Data and Development Grant Program Progress Report AGENCY: National Telecommunications... collections, as required by the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995. DATES: Written comments must be submitted on...

  1. Ganglion Cyst of Knee from Hoffa’s Fat Pad Protruding Anterolaterally Through Retinacular Rent: A Case Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saha, Partha; Bandyopadhyay, Utpal; Mukhopadhyay, Anindya S.; Kundu, Srikanta; Mandal, Subhadip

    2015-01-01

    Introduction: Intra-articular ganglion cysts of the knee joint are rare occurrences. They are usually encountered as incidental findings in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), or in arthroscopy. They may originate from both the cruciate ligaments and the menisci, from the popliteus tendon and alar folds, infrapatellar fat pad of Hoffa, and subchondral bone cysts. Those arising from the Hoffa’s fat pad, usually present as palpable mass at anterior aspect of the knee joint. We report a case of intraarticular ganglion cyst of knee arising from the infrapatellar fat pad and protruding anterolaterally through retinacular rent into the subcutaneous plane. Case Report: A 19-year-old young man, presented with a painless gradually increasing swelling at the anterior aspect of left knee of 9 months duration. MRI scan revealed a multilobulated, cyst with septations within the anterior aspect of the knee joint, just inferolateral to the patella, with deep extension into the infrapatellar fat pad, and superficial extension into the subcutaneous space across the retinaculum. After diagnostic arthroscopy, we performed an open excision of the cystic mass and confirmed the retinacular rent pre-operatively. Conclusion: Arthroscopic resection and debridement is the gold standard treatment in ganglion cyst of the knee. However, a subcutaneous extension may lead to incomplete arthroscopic resection: Leaving behind the residual tissue which may cause recurrence. Therefore, proper pre-operative evaluation of MR images of these cases is very important. PMID:27299075

  2. Contrôle cohérent de la dynamique de fragmentation d'agrégats alcalins

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lindinger, A.; Lupulescu, C.; Le Roux, J.; Bartelt, A.; Vajda, Š.; Wöste, L.

    2004-11-01

    Les agrégats métalliques présentent des propriétés extraordinaires, en particulier chimiques et catalytiques, qui dépendent fortement de leur taille. Ce comportement en fait des candidats idéaux pour l'analyse en temps réel de processus photo-induits ultrarapides, le but ultime étant la conduite de scénarios de contrôle cohérent. Nous avons réalisé des expériences d'ionisation multiphotonique non stationnaire sur de petits agrégats alcalins de différentes tailles et dans différents états électroniques rovibrationnels, y compris leur état fondamental, sondant ainsi leur dynamique ondulatoire, leur orientation structurelle, leur transfert de charge et leur dissociation. Les processus observés dépendent grandement des paramètres du faisceau laser d'excitation, tels que sa phase, son amplitude et sa durée ; cette sensibilité plaide pour l'emploi d'un système de contrôle rétroactif permettant de générer les formes d'impulsion optimales. Les caractéristiques spectrales et temporelles de ces dernières reflètent les propriétés du système étudié ainsi que les processus photochimiques que l'irradiation y induit. Nous présentons d'abord la dynamique vibrationelle d'états électroniques excités, liés, dissociatifs et prédissociatifs, des dimères et trimères alcalins. Suit une description du principe d'observation par pompage optique par effet Raman stimulé de la dynamique d'un paquet d'onde dans l'état électronique fondamental. Puisque les paramètres de l'impulsion d'excitation influencent de façon significative le poids des différentes trajectoires dans l'espace des phases, nous avons mené des expériences sur les canaux de fragmentation concurrents d'une réaction photo-induite, en étudiant les différents embranchements des voies d'ionisation et de fragmentation de Na{2}K excité électroniquement. L'utilisation d'un algorithme évolutif, pour l'optimisation de la phase et de l'amplitude de l'onde

  3. 7 CFR 1.6 - Aggregating requests.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Aggregating requests. 1.6 Section 1.6 Agriculture... requests. When an agency reasonably believes that a requester, or a group of requesters acting in concert, is attempting to break a request down into a series of requests for the purpose of evading the...

  4. 12 CFR 261.13 - Processing requests.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Processing requests. 261.13 Section 261.13...; Procedures for Requests § 261.13 Processing requests. (a) Receipt of requests. Upon receipt of any request that satisfies § 261.12(b), the Freedom of Information Office shall assign the request to the...

  5. 12 CFR 1402.27 - Aggregating requests.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Aggregating requests. 1402.27 Section 1402.27... Information § 1402.27 Aggregating requests. A requester may not file multiple requests at the same time, each... in concert, is attempting to break a request down into a series of requests for the purpose of...

  6. 45 CFR 612.6 - Processing requests.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Processing requests. 612.6 Section 612.6 Public... RECORDS AND INFORMATION § 612.6 Processing requests. (a) Acknowledgment of requests. Each request is... estimated date of action on the request. (b) Grants of requests. Once the Foundation makes a determination...

  7. 36 CFR 1120.24 - Misdirected written requests; oral requests.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Misdirected written requests; oral requests. 1120.24 Section 1120.24 Parks, Forests, and Public Property ARCHITECTURAL AND TRANSPORTATION BARRIERS COMPLIANCE BOARD PUBLIC AVAILABILITY OF INFORMATION Information Available Upon Request...

  8. Memory Reduction via Delayed Simulation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael Holtmann

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available We address a central (and classical issue in the theory of infinite games: the reduction of the memory size that is needed to implement winning strategies in regular infinite games (i.e., controllers that ensure correct behavior against actions of the environment, when the specification is a regular omega-language. We propose an approach which attacks this problem before the construction of a strategy, by first reducing the game graph that is obtained from the specification. For the cases of specifications represented by "request-response"-requirements and general "fairness" conditions, we show that an exponential gain in the size of memory is possible.

  9. HELPDESK TROUBLESHOOTING REQUESTS

    CERN Multimedia

    2004-01-01

    As of the 08/03/2004 all the repair requests and other communication concerning the CERN tertiary buildings that so far have been transmitted to the TCR via 72201 will be handled directly by the FM helpdesk under the phone number 77777, i.e. problems on systems and equipment as: • Electricity and lighting in office buildings, halls and workshops • Heating and air conditioning in office buildings, halls and workshops • Lifts (excluded the ones in shafts) • Motorised doors • Building structure and equipment: roofs, doors, windows, blinds, etc. • Plumbing • Toilets • Cleaning (CERN wide) • Restaurant equipment • Roads and green areas • Wastes collection The FM Helpdesk is available between 07h30 and 18h30. Troubleshooting requests, complaints and work requests will only be accepted during these opening hours. Outside these opening hours and for any problem in a machine building or on equipment that is ...

  10. Challenges in Request Management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sommer, Anita Friis

    2014-01-01

    and its customers. The study provides an insight into a new area of supply chain management, including the process activity flow and challenges involved across the process. Furthermore, the method is dyadic including the customer in the case study, which is rare in related research....... profitability. This research study seeks to investigate the challenges of RQM in practice. Existing demand chain management literature is used as a basis for developing a RQM framework. RQM is investigated through an explorative research design in a dyadic B2B case study including a global industrial company......Request management (RQM) is a new term used for managing customer requests for new products. It is the counterpart to typical product development processes, which has no direct customer involvement. It is essential to manage customer requests in a structured and efficient way to obtain...

  11. Nitrate reduction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dziewinski, Jacek J.; Marczak, Stanislaw

    2000-01-01

    Nitrates are reduced to nitrogen gas by contacting the nitrates with a metal to reduce the nitrates to nitrites which are then contacted with an amide to produce nitrogen and carbon dioxide or acid anions which can be released to the atmosphere. Minor amounts of metal catalysts can be useful in the reduction of the nitrates to nitrites. Metal salts which are formed can be treated electrochemically to recover the metals.

  12. 76 FR 3877 - Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-21

    ..., as well as to assist in developing more effective outreach strategies and business programming for... Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request The Department of Commerce will submit to the Office of Management... emergency provisions of the Paperwork Reduction Act (44 U.S.C. chapter 35). Agency: Minority Business...

  13. 77 FR 65770 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request for Form 3468

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-30

    ... Internal Revenue Service Proposed Collection; Comment Request for Form 3468 AGENCY: Internal Revenue... information collections, as required by the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, Public Law 104-13(44 U.S.C. 3506(c)(2)(A)). Currently, the IRS is soliciting comments concerning Form 3468, Investment Credit. DATES...

  14. Request for All - Generalized Request Framework for PhEDEx

    CERN Document Server

    Huang, C-H; Ratnikova, N.; Sanchez-Hernandez, A.; Zhang, X.; Magini, N.

    2014-01-01

    PhEDEx has been serving CMS community since 2004 as the data broker. Every PhEDEx operation is initiated by a request, such as request to move data, request to delete data, and so on. A request has it own life cycle, including creation, approval, notification, and book keeping and the details depend on its type. Currently, only two kinds of requests, transfer and deletion, are fully integrated in PhEDEx. They are tailored specifically to the operations workflows. To be able to serve a new type of request it generally means a fair amount of development work.After several years of operation, we have gathered enough experience to rethink the request handling in PhEDEx. Generalized Request Project is set to abstract such experience and come up with a request system which is not tied into current workflow yet it is general enough to accommodate current and future requests.The challenges are dealing with different stages in a requests life cycle, complexity of approval process and complexity of the ability and auth...

  15. At Your Request

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Doorduijn, A.S.; Gameren, van Yvonne; Vasse, Emmelyne; Roos, de N.M.

    2016-01-01

    Background: Malnutrition in hospitals may be combatted by improving the meal service. Aim: To evaluate whether At Your Request®, a meal service concept by Sodexo with a restaurant style menu card and room service, improved patient satisfaction, nutritional status, and food intake

  16. Hypoxie et mémoire : impacts neuropathologiques et neuropsychologiques des différents types d'hypoxie

    OpenAIRE

    Malle, Carine; Bourrilhon, Cyprien; Laisney, Mickaël; Quinette, Peggy; Desgranges, Béatrice; Eustache, Francis; Piérard, Christophe

    2012-01-01

    National audience; Quel est l'impact du manque d'oxygène, ou hypoxie, sur le fonctionnement cérébral, en particulier sur la mémoire ? C'est la question à laquelle nous tentons de répondre dans cet article de synthèse. Nous nous sommes intéressés aux différents types d'hypoxie que sont l'hypoxie liée à l'altitude d'une part, et les hypoxies provoquées par des pathologies d'autre part. Une revue de la littérature de ces trente dernières années nous a permis de mettre en évidence les systèmes mn...

  17. Thermostructural testing of instrumented ATJ-S graphite nosetip models in the AFFDL 50 MW rent facility

    Science.gov (United States)

    Budde, C. L.

    1975-01-01

    Instrumented ATJ-S graphite shell nosetip models were tested in the AFFDL 50 MW RENT Facility. The inside surface of the models were instrumented with seven thermocouples and three clip-on extensometers. One thermocouple was located at the inside stagnation point and three thermocouples were located at 120 degree intervals on the aft portion of the skirt of the model. In addition, three thermocouples at 120 degree intervals plus three clip-on extensometers at 120 degree intervals offset 60 degrees from the thermocouples were located in the critical region. The outside surface temperature of the models was monitored in two locations by optical pyrometers. Finally, the tests were recorded by three high speed motion picture cameras. Pressure models and calorimeters were also tested in order to help define the flow field condition and heating distribution around the models.

  18. Structure électronique auto-cohérente d'une surface traitée en liaisons fortes

    OpenAIRE

    Dreysse, H.; Riedinger, R.

    1981-01-01

    Nous développons la structure de bandes auto-cohérente d'un cristal semi-infini dans l'approximation des liaisons fortes. Nous discutons notamment les états propres du milieu semi-infini, et déterminons le profil des densités électroniques par la méthode des fonctions de Green. Nous appliquons le modèle au calcul du profil de densité électronique d'un cristal cubique simple (100), dans le cas non dégénéré. Nous discutons notamment du rôle dominant du potentiel dipolaire. Les variations de cha...

  19. 76 FR 52696 - Paperwork Reduction Act; Proposed Collection; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-23

    ... days to Mr. Patrick Fuchs. Facsimile and e-mail are the most reliable means of communication. Mr. Fuchs... to complete. Face to face interviews will take 1.5-2 hours and surveys will take approximately .25...

  20. 76 FR 24537 - Paperwork Reduction Act; Proposed Collection; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-02

    ... public and private agencies. Congress mandated an evaluation of the DFC Program to determine...: Drug Free Communities Support Program National Evaluation. SUMMARY: The Office of National Drug Control... Policy, Drug-Free Communities (DFC) Support Program, 750 17th Street, Washington, DC 20503. For further...

  1. 30 CFR 285.508 - What rent payments must I pay on ROW grants or RUE grants associated with renewable energy projects?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... RUE grants associated with renewable energy projects? 285.508 Section 285.508 Mineral Resources MINERALS MANAGEMENT SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE RENEWABLE ENERGY ALTERNATE USES OF... § 285.508 What rent payments must I pay on ROW grants or RUE grants associated with renewable energy...

  2. 41 CFR 102-85.190 - Can GSA Rent be adjusted when standard levels of service are performed by other customer agencies?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... when standard levels of service are performed by other customer agencies? 102-85.190 Section 102-85.190... perform or contract for such services must be obtained in advance by the customer agency from the... of Service § 102-85.190 Can GSA Rent be adjusted when standard levels of service are performed by...

  3. Rich Reduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Niebuhr, Oliver

    2016-01-01

    Managing and, ideally, explaining phonetic variation has ever since been a key issue in the speech sciences. In this context, the major contribution of Lindblom's H&H theory was to replace the futile search for invariance by an explainable variance based on the tug-of-war metaphor. Recent empirical...... evidence on articulatory prosodies and the involvement of reduction in conveying communication functions both suggest the next steps along the line of argument opened up by Lindblom. Specifically, we need to supplement Lindblom's explanatory framework and revise the speaker-listener conflict that lies...... at the heart of the tug-of-war metaphor. The author's suggestion would be to "offshore" the tug-of-war metaphor and replace it by the ocean metaphor of Bolinger (1964), with the ups and downs at the surface of the ocean representing the speaker's variation along the hypo-hyper scale and wavelength...

  4. 7 CFR 1220.625 - Counting requests.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Counting requests. 1220.625 Section 1220.625... CONSUMER INFORMATION Procedures To Request a Referendum Definitions § 1220.625 Counting requests. (a) The requests for a referendum shall be counted by county FSA offices on the same day as the requests are...

  5. 32 CFR 701.46 - Aggregating requests.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 5 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Aggregating requests. 701.46 Section 701.46... THE NAVY DOCUMENTS AFFECTING THE PUBLIC FOIA Fees § 701.46 Aggregating requests. Except for requests... for the first 100 pages of reproduction. However, a requester may not file multiple requests at the...

  6. 20 CFR 404.455 - Request by Social Security Administration for reports of earnings and estimated earnings; effect...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Request by Social Security Administration for....455 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION FEDERAL OLD-AGE, SURVIVORS AND DISABILITY INSURANCE (1950- ) Deductions; Reductions; and Nonpayments of Benefits § 404.455 Request by Social Security...

  7. Helpdesk troubleshooting requests

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    We should like to remind all CERN users that the FM Help Desk handles all work and repair requests and other enquiries relating to CERN's tertiary buildings, in particular the following systems and equipment: Electricity and lighting in office buildings, halls and workshops Heating, ventilation and air conditioning in office buildings, halls and workshops Lifts (excluding those in underground areas) Motorised doors Buildings and their equipment: roofs, doors, windows, blinds, etc. Plumbing Toilets Cleaning (all buildings and underground areas) Restaurant equipment Roads and green areas Waste collection The FM Helpdesk is open between 7.30 a.m. and 6.30 p.m. and can be contacted on Tel. 77777 or by e-mail (Fm.Support@cern.ch). Troubleshooting requests, complaints and work requests will only be accepted during these hours. Outside these hours and for any problems relating to non-tertiary buildings or to equipment not included in the above list, please contact the TI Control Room on Tel. 72201, 24 hours a d...

  8. AG Dra monitoring requested

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waagen, Elizabeth O.

    2017-04-01

    Dr. Rudolf Gális (Pavel Jozef Šafárik University) and colleagues have requested AAVSO assistance in observing the symbiotic variable AG Dra. Observations are requested as a follow-up to spectroscopic observations and in order to monitor the system for an anticipated outburst. Gális writes: "AG Dra is one of the best studied symbiotic systems, which undergoes characteristic symbiotic activity with alternating quiescent and active stages. The latter ones consist of several outbursts in intervals of about 1 yr. After seven years of flat quiescence following the 2006-08 major outbursts, in the spring of 2015, AG Dra...[entered the active stage]...with...two minor outbursts (in 2015 and 2016) up to now. Such behaviour is quite unusual in the photometric history of AG Dra, so the further systematic photometric monitoring of this symbiotic binary is highly desirable. We expect the next outburst of AG Dra in the late spring of 2017..." Daily monitoring of AG Dra in UBV(RI) filters is requested beginning at once and continuing until further notice. Visual observations are welcome and are encouraged. When the outburst occurs, revised observing instructions will likely be issued via an AAVSO Special Notice. Finder charts with sequence may be created using the AAVSO Variable Star Plotter (https://www.aavso.org/vsp). Observations should be submitted to the AAVSO International Database. See full Alert Notice for more details.

  9. HELPDESK TROUBLESHOOTING REQUESTS

    CERN Multimedia

    TS Department

    2004-01-01

    As of the 08/03/2004 all the repair requests and other communication concerning the CERN tertiary buildings that so far have been transmitted to the TCR via 72201 will be handled directly by the FM helpdesk under the phone number 77777, i.e. problems on systems and equipment as: Electricity and lighting in office buildings, halls and workshops Heating and air conditioning in office buildings, halls and workshops Lifts (excluded the ones in shafts) Motorised doors Building structure and equipment: roofs, doors, windows, blinds, etc. Plumbing Toilets Cleaning (CERN wide) Restaurant equipment Roads and green areas Wastes collection The FM Helpdesk is available between 07h30 and 18h30. Troubleshooting requests, complaints and work requests will only be accepted during these opening hours. Outside these opening hours and for any problem in a machine building or on equipment that is not in the list above, you shall continue to contact the TCR under 72201 - 24 hours a day, 365 days a year. Machine buildings are e...

  10. HELPDESK TROUBLESHOOTING REQUESTS

    CERN Multimedia

    FM and CSE Group, TS Department

    2004-01-01

    As of the 08/03/2004 all the repair requests and other communication concerning the CERN tertiary buildings that so far have been transmitted to the TCR via 72201 will be handled directly by the FM helpdesk under the phone number 77777, i.e. problems on systems and equipment as: Electricity and lighting in office buildings, halls and workshops Heating and air conditioning in office buildings, halls and workshops Lifts (excluded the ones in shafts) Motorised doors Building structure and equipment: roofs, doors, windows, blinds, etc. Plumbing Toilets Cleaning (CERN wide) Restaurant equipment Roads and green areas Wastes collection The FM Helpdesk is available between 07h30 and 18h30. Troubleshooting requests, complaints and work requests will only be accepted during these opening hours. Outside these opening hours and for any problem in a machine building or on equipment that is not in the list above, you shall continue to contact the TCR under 72201 - 24 hours a day, 365 days a year. Machine buildings are ...

  11. Exceptional Reductions

    CERN Document Server

    Marrani, Alessio; Riccioni, Fabio

    2011-01-01

    Starting from basic identities of the group E8, we perform progressive reductions, namely decompositions with respect to the maximal and symmetric embeddings of E7xSU(2) and then of E6xU(1). This procedure provides a systematic approach to the basic identities involving invariant primitive tensor structures of various irreprs. of finite-dimensional exceptional Lie groups. We derive novel identities for E7 and E6, highlighting the E8 origin of some well known ones. In order to elucidate the connections of this formalism to four-dimensional Maxwell-Einstein supergravity theories based on symmetric scalar manifolds (and related to irreducible Euclidean Jordan algebras, the unique exception being the triality-symmetric N = 2 stu model), we then derive a fundamental identity involving the unique rank-4 symmetric invariant tensor of the 0-brane charge symplectic irrepr. of U-duality groups, with potential applications in the quantization of the charge orbits of supergravity theories, as well as in the study of mult...

  12. Patterns in clinical chemistry requests

    OpenAIRE

    Hemel, Jan B.; Hindriks, Frans R.; van der Voet, Hilko; Rijnveld, Leo R.

    1989-01-01

    For each patient sample that is presented to the clinical chemistry laboratory a combination of various tests can be requested. This combination or profile will depend on the condition of the patient, and hence also on the requesting hospital department. Several techniques were applied to detect and describe patterns in tests requested by the cardiology, hepatology and nephrology sections of the out-patient's Department for Internal Medicine. Comparison of the frequencies of ordering the test...

  13. 77 FR 38397 - Agency Information Collection (Interest Rate Reduction Refinancing Loan Worksheet) Activities...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-27

    ... AFFAIRS Agency Information Collection (Interest Rate Reduction Refinancing Loan Worksheet) Activities....'' SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Title: Interest Rate Reduction Refinancing Loan Worksheet, VA Form 26-8923. OMB... are required to submit VA Form 26-8923, to request a guaranty on all interest rate reduction...

  14. 78 FR 56732 - Submission of Information Collection Extensions Under the Paperwork Reduction Act

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-13

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR National Indian Gaming Commission Submission of Information Collection Extensions Under the Paperwork Reduction Act AGENCY: National Indian Gaming Commission, Interior. ACTION: Second notice of request for...

  15. Performance Measurement Baseline Change Request

    Data.gov (United States)

    Social Security Administration — The Performance Measurement Baseline Change Request template is used to document changes to scope, cost, schedule, or operational performance metrics for SSA's Major...

  16. Cesarean section by maternal request

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    RAPHAEL CÂMARA

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Cesarean section by maternal request is the one performed on a pregnant woman without medical indication and without contraindication to vaginal delivery. There is great controversy over requested cesarean section. Potential risks include complications in subsequent pregnancies, such as uterine rupture, placenta previa and accreta. Potential benefits of requested cesareans include a lower risk of postpartum hemorrhage in the first cesarean and fewer surgical complications compared with vaginal delivery. Cesarean section by request should never be performed before 39 weeks.

  17. 78 FR 49262 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-13

    ...The Corporation for National and Community Service (CNCS), as part of its continuing effort to reduce paperwork and respondent burden, conducts a pre-clearance consultation program to provide the general public and federal agencies with an opportunity to comment on proposed and/or continuing collections of information in accordance with the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (PRA95) (44 U.S.C. 3506(c)(2)(A)). This program helps to ensure that requested data can be provided in the desired format, reporting burden (time and financial resources) is minimized, collection instruments are clearly understood, and the impact of collection requirement on respondents can be properly assessed. Currently, CNCS is soliciting comments concerning its Social Innovation Fund (SIF) Application Instructions. The application instructions will be used by organizations requesting funding for a SIF project. Copies of the information collection request can be obtained by contacting the office listed in the Addresses section of this notice.

  18. 76 FR 28034 - Labor-Management Relations Information Collection Requests

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-13

    ... CONCILIATION SERVICE Labor-Management Relations Information Collection Requests AGENCY: Federal Mediation and... information collection requests. The information collection requests are FMCS forms: Arbitrator's Report and... Request for Arbitration Services (Agency Form R-43). These information collection requests were previously...

  19. 77 FR 36250 - Information Collection Request; Request for Aerial Photography

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-18

    ...; ] DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Farm Service Agency Information Collection Request; Request for Aerial Photography... FSA Aerial Photography Program. The FSA Aerial Photography Field Office (APFO) uses the information from this form to collect the customer and photography information needed to produce and ship the...

  20. 76 FR 43331 - Labor-Management Relations Information Collection Requests

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-20

    ...The Federal Mediation and Conciliation Service (FMCS) hereby announces the submission of the following public information collection requests (ICR) to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) for review and approval in accordance with the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (Pub. L. 104-13). The information collection requests are FMCS forms: Arbitrator's Report and Fee Statement (Agency Form R-19), Arbitrator's Personal Data Questionnaire (Agency Form R-22), and Request for Arbitration Services (Agency Form R-43). These information collection requests were assigned the OMB control numbers 3076-0001, 3076-0002, and 3076-0003. These information collections will be used to collect information to determine applicant suitability for the arbitration roster, to monitor the work of arbitrators, and to collect information that facilitates the processing of arbitration requests. The OMB is particularly interested in comments that: (1) Evaluate whether the proposed collection of information is necessary for the proper performance of the functions of the agency, including whether the information will have practical utility; (2) Evaluates the accuracy of the agency's estimates of the burden of the proposed collection of information; (3) Enhance the quality, utility, and clarity of the information to be collected; and (4) Minimize the burden of the collections of information on those who are to respond, including the use of appropriate automated, electronic collection technologies or other forms of information technology. Burden: FMCS receives approximately 150 responses per year to the Arbitrator's Personal Data Questionnaire (OMB No. 3076-001); 3,000 responses per year to the Arbitrator's Report and Fee Statement (OMB No. 3076-0003); and 16,000 responses per year to the Request for Arbitration Panel form (OMB No. 3076-0002). Affected Entities: Individuals who apply for admission to the FMCS Roster of Arbitrators; arbitrators who render decisions under FMCS arbitration

  1. Sustainability of forest management under changing climatic conditions in the southern United States: adaptation strategies, economic rents and carbon sequestration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Susaeta, Andres; Carter, Douglas R; Adams, Damian C

    2014-06-15

    The impacts of climate change on profitability and carbon storage in even-aged forest stands of two dominant commercial pine species, loblolly and slash pine, in the southern United States were assessed under alternative assumptions about the impact of climate change on forest productivity and catastrophic disturbance rates. Potential adaptation strategies to reduce losses from disturbance included: 1) alternative planting densities, and 2) planting slash pine instead of loblolly pine. In addition, the amount of sequestered carbon was used to develop an index of economic efficiency for carbon sequestration, which further helps rank the suitability of alternative adaptation strategies. Our results indicate that greater economic rents from forests occur with lower planting densities and the substitution of slash pine for high density loblolly pine. However, less carbon is sequestered by low density loblolly pine compared to slash pine and high density loblolly pine. Both adaptation strategies are economically more effective in terms of carbon sequestration compared to the baseline since they generate more economic revenues per Mg of sequestered carbon. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  2. Russian modernization: Between the need for new players and the fear of losing control of rent sources

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrei Yakovlev

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper considers current contradictions in state–business relations in Russia. On one hand, the Russian political elite needs economic growth to keep social stability in the country and to limit mass protesting in big cities. Economic growth is impossible without investment, which explains Russian leaders' increased interest in improving Russia's business climate. On the other hand, influential interest groups (represented first of all by security and law enforcement agencies try to expand their control on rent sources in the economy. These groups of interests could strengthen their positions due to fear of political protests. This strong conflict among different groups in the Russian elite creates additional uncertainty for investors and the business community, and can lead to economic recession independent of the level of oil prices and dynamics of global markets. Reversing these negative trends in economic development will be possible only with collective actions of different economic and political actors (including technocrats in federal and regional governments, representatives of large and successful middle-sized business and top-managers of public sector organizations in the search for pragmatic solutions to the challenges faced by Russian economy and society.

  3. Integrated modelling of nitrate loads to coastal waters and land rent applied to catchment-scale water management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Refsgaard, A; Jacobsen, T; Jacobsen, B; Ørum, J-E

    2007-01-01

    The EU Water Framework Directive (WFD) requires an integrated approach to river basin management in order to meet environmental and ecological objectives. This paper presents concepts and full-scale application of an integrated modelling framework. The Ringkoebing Fjord basin is characterized by intensive agricultural production and leakage of nitrate constitute a major pollution problem with respect groundwater aquifers (drinking water), fresh surface water systems (water quality of lakes) and coastal receiving waters (eutrophication). The case study presented illustrates an advanced modelling approach applied in river basin management. Point sources (e.g. sewage treatment plant discharges) and distributed diffuse sources (nitrate leakage) are included to provide a modelling tool capable of simulating pollution transport from source to recipient to analyse the effects of specific, localized basin water management plans. The paper also includes a land rent modelling approach which can be used to choose the most cost-effective measures and the location of these measures. As a forerunner to the use of basin-scale models in WFD basin water management plans this project demonstrates the potential and limitations of comprehensive, integrated modelling tools.

  4. Etude paramétrique de différentes architectures de véhicules hybrides thermique-électrique

    OpenAIRE

    Perez, S.

    2010-01-01

    Dans un premier temps, l'objectif de ce stage a été de réaliser un programme de dimensionnement pour différentes architectures hybrides (parallèle à 1 et 2 embrayage(s), parallèle à dérivation de puissance, série). Pour chaque architecture hybride, les dimensionnements ont été effectués pour différentes puissances batteries sous des contraintes de performances véhicule et de gestion de l'énergie. L'analyse des résultats de consommation a permis de vérifier la cohérence des dimensionnements et...

  5. La rente foncière à Pistoia (11e-12e siècle) : pratiques notariales et histoire économique

    OpenAIRE

    Huertas, Emmanuel

    2008-01-01

    The theoretical aim of this work is to analyze how the land periodical revenues became, in the heart of the Middle Ages, the object of economic transactions. The market of land rents, observed in Pistoia (Tuscany) during the 12th century, witnesses the introduction into the economic market of a sort of immaterial wealth. A study of notarial practices showed how legal documents have been progressively modified to record these new transactions. Furthermore, the juridical theory of the " divided...

  6. 45 CFR 5.45 - Waiver or reduction of fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... interests” include interests relating to business, trade, and profit. Not only profit-making corporations... grant your request for a waiver or reduction, the denial letter will designate a review official. You may appeal the denial to that official. In your appeal letter, you should discuss whatever reasons are...

  7. 7 CFR 2620.3 - Requests.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Requests. 2620.3 Section 2620.3 Agriculture... AGRICULTURE AVAILABILITY OF INFORMATION TO THE PUBLIC § 2620.3 Requests. (a) Requests for OIG records shall be... authority to make determinations regarding such requests in accordance with § 1.3(a)(3) of this title. (b...

  8. 12 CFR 602.16 - Combining requests.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Combining requests. 602.16 Section 602.16 Banks....16 Combining requests. You may not avoid paying fees by filing multiple requests at the same time. When FCA reasonably believes that you, alone or with others, are breaking down a request into a series...

  9. 45 CFR 1701.3 - Requests.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Requests. 1701.3 Section 1701.3 Public Welfare... DISCLOSURE OF INFORMATION § 1701.3 Requests. (a) A member of the public may request records from the National... Libraries and Information Science, Suite 601, 1717 K Street, NW, Washington, DC 20036. (b) A request for...

  10. 28 CFR 80.16 - Additional requests.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Additional requests. 80.16 Section 80.16... § 80.16 Additional requests. Additional requests for FCPA Opinions may be filed with the Attorney... conduct specified in previous requests. ...

  11. 46 CFR 502.131 - Requests; issuance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 9 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Requests; issuance. 502.131 Section 502.131 Shipping... § 502.131 Requests; issuance. Subpenas for the attendance of witnesses or the production of evidence shall be issued upon request of any party, without notice to any other party. Requests for subpenas for...

  12. 19 CFR 201.12 - Requests.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Requests. 201.12 Section 201.12 Customs Duties... of Investigations § 201.12 Requests. Any party to a nonadjudicative investigation may request the Commission to take particular action with respect to that investigation. Such requests shall be by letter...

  13. 49 CFR 1116.1 - Requests.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Requests. 1116.1 Section 1116.1 Transportation... TRANSPORTATION RULES OF PRACTICE ORAL ARGUMENT BEFORE THE BOARD § 1116.1 Requests. (a) Addressee. Requests for..., Surface Transportation Board, Washington, DC 20423-0001. (b) Who may request? Any party may submit a...

  14. 47 CFR 1.1953 - Interagency requests.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Interagency requests. 1.1953 Section 1.1953... United States General Provisions Concerning Interagency Requests § 1.1953 Interagency requests. (a) Requests to the Commission by other Federal agencies for administrative or salary offset shall be in...

  15. 22 CFR 1002.4 - Written requests.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Written requests. 1002.4 Section 1002.4 Foreign Relations INTER-AMERICAN FOUNDATION AVAILABILITY OF RECORDS § 1002.4 Written requests. In order to facilitate the processing of written requests, every petitioner should: (a) Address his request to: General...

  16. 24 CFR 570.308 - Joint requests.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Joint requests. 570.308 Section 570... requests. (a) Joint requests and cooperation agreements. (1) Any urban county and any metropolitan city located, in whole or in part, within that county may submit a joint request to HUD to approve the...

  17. 7 CFR 701.13 - Submitting requests.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Submitting requests. 701.13 Section 701.13 Agriculture... ADMINISTERED UNDER THIS PART § 701.13 Submitting requests. (a) Subject to the availability of funds, the Deputy Administrator shall provide for an enrollment period for submitting ECP cost-share requests. (b) Requests may be...

  18. 7 CFR 295.8 - Requests.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Requests. 295.8 Section 295.8 Agriculture Regulations... GENERAL REGULATIONS AVAILABILITY OF INFORMATION AND RECORDS TO THE PUBLIC § 295.8 Requests. (a) Requests... records—Requests for Food Stamp information should be addressed to the Director of the appropriate...

  19. 7 CFR 1220.623 - Canvassing requests.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Canvassing requests. 1220.623 Section 1220.623... CONSUMER INFORMATION Procedures To Request a Referendum Definitions § 1220.623 Canvassing requests. (a... following the Request for Referendum period. Such canvassing, acting on behalf of the Administrator, AMS...

  20. 22 CFR 171.12 - Processing requests.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Processing requests. 171.12 Section 171.12... PUBLIC Freedom of Information Act Provisions § 171.12 Processing requests. The Information and Privacy Coordinator is responsible for acting on all initial requests except for requests for records coming under the...

  1. 14 CFR 1261.504 - Interagency requests.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Interagency requests. 1261.504 Section 1261... (GENERAL) Administrative Offset of Claims § 1261.504 Interagency requests. (a) Requests to NASA by other... Comptroller, NASA Headquarters, Washington, DC 20546. (b) Requests by NASA to other Federal agencies holding...

  2. Autonomy, age and sterilisation requests.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McQueen, Paddy

    2017-05-01

    Sterilisation requests made by young, child-free adults are frequently denied by doctors, despite sterilisation being legally available to individuals over the age of 18. A commonly given reason for denied requests is that the patient will later regret their decision. In this paper, I examine whether the possibility of future regret is a good reason for denying a sterilisation request. I argue that it is not and hence that decision-competent adults who have no desire to have children should have their requests approved. It is a condition of being recognised as autonomous that a person ought to be permitted to make decisions that they might later regret, provided that their decision is justified at the time that it is made. There is also evidence to suggest that sterilisation requests made by men are more likely to be approved than requests made by women, even when age and number of children are factored in. This may indicate that attitudes towards sterilisation are influenced by gender discourses that define women in terms of reproduction and mothering. If this is the case, then it is unjustified and should be addressed. There is no good reason to judge people's sterilisation requests differently in virtue of their gender. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://www.bmj.com/company/products-services/rights-and-licensing/.

  3. [Relevance assessment of requests for antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies detection: Retrospective study led in Bordeaux Hospital, France].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biscay, P; Ralazamahaleo, M; Lazaro, E; Richez, C; Seneschal, J; Rigothier, C; Contin-Bordes, C; Duffau, P

    2017-10-01

    During year 2013, 5943 tests for antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCA) detection were performed in Bordeaux hospital, France. This seemed disproportionate, with regard to the low prevalence of ANCA-associated vasculitis (AAV). Our purpose was to evaluate the relevance of these requests. Requests for detection of ANCA during 2013 were recorded, with their results. A sample of 501 requests was secondarily established. Relevance of requests was assessed independently by two reviewers. During year 2014, we developed strategies of information, in order to reduce the number of requests and increase their relevance. Only 17.8 % of the 5943 requests for detection of ANCA resulted in a positive test using indirect immunofluorescence (including 10.6 % of the requests with titles above 1/50). Using Luminex©, 9.7 % of the test of detection against antimyeloperoxidase or antiproteinase 3 antibodies were positive. Within the sample of 501 patients, only 28.7 % of the requests were relevant. A percentage of 40.2 of them weren't justified by a clinical affection typically associated with AAV. Exactly 15.9 of the requests were performed during systematic autoimmune screening. None of these requests could lead to the diagnosis of AAV. Combination of information procedures and use of a request form enabled a 19 % decrease of the number of requests. The percentage of requests without clinical justification also reduced from 40.2 % to 17.1 %. The reduction of the number of requests led to a 46,865 € saving. The majority of the requests for detection of ANCA was not relevant and could not lead to the diagnosis of AAV. Simple solutions enabled a partial but significant improvement of their relevance. Copyright © 2017 Société Nationale Française de Médecine Interne (SNFMI). Published by Elsevier SAS. All rights reserved.

  4. LHCb Computing Resources: 2019 requests and reassessment of 2018 requests

    CERN Document Server

    Bozzi, Concezio

    2017-01-01

    This document presents the computing resources needed by LHCb in 2019 and a reassessment of the 2018 requests, as resulting from the current experience of Run2 data taking and minor changes in the LHCb computing model parameters.

  5. Why Women Request Labiaplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sorice, Sarah C; Li, Alexander Y; Canales, Francisco L; Furnas, Heather J

    2017-04-01

    In recent years, labiaplasty has jumped in popularity, despite opposition to the procedure. In 2007, the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists declared the recommendation of cosmetic vaginal procedures to be "untenable," although in 2016 they allowed consideration of labiaplasty in adolescents if symptoms persist. The reasons for labiaplasty requests are not yet fully understood, and physician opposition limits patient access to surgical relief. In this prospective study, 50 consecutive patients consulting about labiaplasty were given a questionnaire assessing 11 physical and appearance-related symptoms associated with elongated labia. The mean patient age was 33.5 years (range, 17 to 51 years). Fifty-eight percent of women had given birth, 52 percent noticed that their labia had become elongated as they got older, and 93 percent had bilateral elongation. When asked about physical symptoms, over half of patients experienced tugging during intercourse, found tight pants uncomfortable, experienced twisting of the labia, and noted labia visibility in yoga pants. Nearly half experienced pain during intercourse, and 40 percent said their labia could become exposed in bathing suits. Regarding appearance, almost all patients were self-conscious and over half felt less attractive to their partner, experienced restricted clothing choice, and noted a negative impact on self-esteem and intimacy. Nearly all patients experienced at least four symptoms. Most patients requesting labiaplasty experience both physical and appearance-related symptoms. Understanding this patient perspective is crucial in assessing surgical outcomes. Furthermore, the better all physicians understand labia symptomatology, the better supported patients will be in seeking surgical relief.

  6. 78 FR 20102 - Proposed Information Collection Request; Comment Request; Reformulated Gasoline Commingling...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-03

    ... AGENCY Proposed Information Collection Request; Comment Request; Reformulated Gasoline Commingling... Protection Agency is planning to submit an information collection request (ICR), ``Reformulated Gasoline... comments to OMB. Abstract: EPA would like to continue collecting notifications from gasoline retailers and...

  7. 78 FR 41926 - Proposed Information Collection Request; Comment Request; Performance Evaluation Studies on...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-12

    ... AGENCY Proposed Information Collection Request; Comment Request; Performance Evaluation Studies on... an information collection request (ICR), ``Performance Evaluation Studies on Wastewater Laboratories...: (i) Evaluate whether the proposed collection of information is necessary for the proper performance...

  8. A comparison of different methods of demand management on requesting activity in a teaching hospital intensive care unit.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tyrrell, Samuel; Roberts, Hywel; Zouwail, Soha

    2015-01-01

    Laboratory services in the UK have witnessed an annual increase in requesting activity often with no associated increase in budget. This study evaluated the impact of different demand management strategies on biochemistry test requesting activity from a tertiary Intensive Care Unit (ICU) at a UK teaching hospital. We conducted an observational longitudinal study in which biochemistry requesting activity from the ICU was gathered over five separate six-month periods between 2009 and 2013. During this time, two different strategies aimed at reducing inappropriate biochemistry requesting were in use and the effects of the two strategies were compared. Implementation of minimum re-testing intervals (MRIs) resulted in an overall 22.7% reduction in total requesting activity in the first year with minor change in clinical workload. In the second year, a 13.3% rise in requesting activity was seen but this was against a background of a 14.6% increase in ICU workload. Removal of the MRIs rules associated with the introduction of an ICU test testing schedule resulted in a 13.4% reduction in total requesting activity in the first year. ICU workload during this year was 1.8% lower than the previous year. In the final year, requesting activity was almost unchanged but ICU workload grew by 6.8%. Implementation of MRIs reduced biochemistry test requesting activity on the ICU. Introduction of an agreed test schedule and removal of the MRIs, however, produced a further reduction in ICU requesting activity. Variation in ICU workload does not account for all the observed changes. © The Author(s) 2014 Reprints and permissions: sagepub.co.uk/journalsPermissions.nav.

  9. Sur les différentes techniques de validation de la méthode de l'onde thermique

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cherifi, A.; Santana, J.

    1993-06-01

    The measurement of space charge location in insulating material is necessary to know phenomenon which are important such as the breakdown. In this article, we show the precision and the reliability of the thermal step method by using some validations. The experimental validation consists in putting, between two insulating slabs of unknow thickness, a plane of charges realized by an aluminium sheet which has been submitted to a high tension before the measure. The experiment holds in the order to determine charges and to deduce the thickness of each slab. We valid the numerical treatments by simulations ; by using a known distribution of charge, we calcul the current; from this current we determine the new distribution of charge which is compared to the first one. We valid also the thermal step method by using two different numerical treatments (by Fourier and by derivation) which are applied to an experimental current. La mesure des charges d'espace dans les isolants synthétiques est une nécessité si l'on veut étendre nos connaissances sur ces matériaux et sur des phénomènes importants tel que le claquage. Dans cet article, nous montrons la précision et la fiabilité de la méthode de l'onde thermique en mettant en valeur un ensemble de validations. La validation expérimentale consiste à placer entre deux plaques isolantes déchargées, d'épaisseurs inconnues, une feuille d'aluminium portée à un potentiel connu avant la mesure. Il s'agit de mesurer ces charges et d'en déduire ainsi les épaisseurs de chaque échantillon. Nous validons les traitements numériques par des simulations. En partant d'une distribution de charge connue, on calcule le courant correspondant, puis on en déduit le champ électrique et la charge d'espace issus de ce courant que l'on compare aux distributions originales. Enfin la comparaison de résultats obtenus à partir d'un courant experimental traité par deux méthodes numériques différentes (par séries de Fourier et par

  10. « Au fracas de la foudre, les animaux intelligents s'éveillèrent »

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agnès Bouvier

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Félix Pouchet, dans son Hétérogénie, ou Traité de la génération spontanée qu’il publie en 1859, défend, contre Pasteur et Milne-Edwards, l’idée d’une « force génésique » inhérente à la matière qui aurait présidé à la création et qui continuerait de s’exercer dans la formation et la transformation des espèces. Le livre fait partie des lectures de Flaubert pendant la période de rédaction de Salammbô. Le 5 août 1860, il écrit dans une lettre à madame Jules Sandeau : « J’entremêle mes lectures puniques (qui ne sont pas légères d’autres facéties graves. Je me livre maintenant au volumineux bouquin de mon ami le docteur Pouchet sur les générations spontanées. » C’est la nature de cet entrelacement que nous proposons d’interroger, à travers l’étude génétique d’un passage du chapitre III de Salammbô où Flaubert récrit la cosmogonie phénicienne à la lumière du spontanéisme moderne.Félix Pouchet, in Heterogeny or Spontaneous generation Treatise (1859, argues, against Pasteur and Milne-Edwards, for the existence of a « genesical force » inside matter at the beginning of the universe, still active in the formation and transformation of species. Flaubert read Pouchet’s book when he was writing Salammbô. On August 5th 1860, he wrote to madame Jules Sandeau : « I mingle my Punic readings (which are not light with other serious jokes. I now dedicate myself to my friend doctor Pouchet’s bulky book on spontaneous generations. » This interlacing of archaeology and science is precisely what I will examine in my paper, through the genetic study of a passage of Salammbô (chapter III where Flaubert rewrites the Phoenician cosmogony in the light of modern spontaneism.

  11. 75 FR 45207 - Proposed Information Collection (Regulation on Reduction of Nursing Shortages in State Homes...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-02

    ... AFFAIRS Proposed Information Collection (Regulation on Reduction of Nursing Shortages in State Homes... obtain approval from OMB for each collection of information they conduct or sponsor. This request for...: Regulation on Reduction of Nursing Shortages in State Homes; Application for Assistance for Hiring and...

  12. Automated Computer Access Request System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Snook, Bryan E.

    2010-01-01

    The Automated Computer Access Request (AutoCAR) system is a Web-based account provisioning application that replaces the time-consuming paper-based computer-access request process at Johnson Space Center (JSC). Auto- CAR combines rules-based and role-based functionality in one application to provide a centralized system that is easily and widely accessible. The system features a work-flow engine that facilitates request routing, a user registration directory containing contact information and user metadata, an access request submission and tracking process, and a system administrator account management component. This provides full, end-to-end disposition approval chain accountability from the moment a request is submitted. By blending both rules-based and rolebased functionality, AutoCAR has the flexibility to route requests based on a user s nationality, JSC affiliation status, and other export-control requirements, while ensuring a user s request is addressed by either a primary or backup approver. All user accounts that are tracked in AutoCAR are recorded and mapped to the native operating system schema on the target platform where user accounts reside. This allows for future extensibility for supporting creation, deletion, and account management directly on the target platforms by way of AutoCAR. The system s directory-based lookup and day-today change analysis of directory information determines personnel moves, deletions, and additions, and automatically notifies a user via e-mail to revalidate his/her account access as a result of such changes. AutoCAR is a Microsoft classic active server page (ASP) application hosted on a Microsoft Internet Information Server (IIS).

  13. ROME (Request Object Management Environment)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kong, M.; Good, J. C.; Berriman, G. B.

    2005-12-01

    Most current astronomical archive services are based on an HTML/ CGI architecture where users submit HTML forms via a browser and CGI programs operating under a web server process the requests. Most services return an HTML result page with URL links to the result files or, for longer jobs, return a message indicating that email will be sent when the job is done. This paradigm has a few serious shortcomings. First, it is all too common for something to go wrong and for the user to never hear about the job again. Second, for long and complicated jobs there is often important intermediate information that would allow the user to adjust the processing. Finally, unless some sort of custom queueing mechanism is used, background jobs are started immediately upon receiving the CGI request. When there are many such requests the server machine can easily be overloaded and either slow to a crawl or crash. Request Object Management Environment (ROME) is a collection of middleware components being developed under the National Virtual Observatory Project to provide mechanism for managing long jobs such as computationally intensive statistical analysis requests or the generation of large scale mosaic images. Written as EJB objects within the open-source JBoss applications server, ROME receives processing requests via a servelet interface, stores them in a DBMS using JDBC, distributes the processing (via queuing mechanisms) across multiple machines and environments (including Grid resources), manages realtime messages from the processing modules, and ensures proper user notification. The request processing modules are identical in structure to standard CGI-programs -- though they can optionally implement status messaging -- and can be written in any language. ROME will persist these jobs across failures of processing modules, network outages, and even downtime of ROME and the DBMS, restarting them as necessary.

  14. 78 FR 61667 - Final Fair Market Rents for the Housing Choice Voucher Program and Moderate Rehabilitation Single...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-03

    ... in time for inclusion in the proposed FY 2014 FMRs and results in an increase. DATES: Effective Date... elderly, disabled and homeless programs. HUD Response: HUD recognizes that the reduction in efficiency and...

  15. Prédétermination des débits de crue par différentes méthodes. Cas ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Pour combler ce handicap, nous avons utilisé les valeurs de débits maximums enregistrés pendant une période de 14 ans, de 1985 à 1999, qui s'ajustent bien à la loi de Gumbel. A partir de la droite d'ajustement, on a déterminé les valeurs des crues probables pour déférentes périodes de retour ; 200 m3/s pour une ...

  16. Répartition et dynamique de différentes populations bactériennes autochtones et allochtones dans les eaux de l'étang de Thau

    OpenAIRE

    Lebaron, Philippe

    1989-01-01

    L'objectif de ce travail est de définir le comportement de deux types de peuplements bactériens dans un écosystème lagunaire (Etang de Thau, France) : le peuplement bactérien d'origine continentale (peuplement allochtone) et le peuplement bactérien lagunaire (peuplement autochtone). Une étude préliminaire a permis de définir dans quelle mesure l'utilisation de deux milieux de culture différents (Gélose Nutritive de salinité 8, bioMérieux; milieu Marine Agar de salinité 34, Difco) permettait d...

  17. Vibrations et relaxations dans les molécules biologiques. Apports de la diffusion incohérente inélastique de neutrons

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zanotti, J.-M.

    2005-11-01

    Le présent document ne se veut pas un article de revue mais plutôt un élément d'initiation à une technique encore marginale en Biologie. Le lecteur est supposé être un non spécialiste de la diffusion de neutrons poursuivant une thématique à connotation biologique ou biophysique mettant en jeu des phénomènes dynamiques. En raison de la forte section de diffusion incohérente de l'atome d'hydrogène et de l'abondance de cet élément dans les protéines, la diffusion incohérente inélastique de neutrons est une technique irremplaçable pour sonder la dynamique interne des macromolécules biologiques. Après un rappel succinct des éléments théoriques de base, nous décrivons le fonctionnement de différents types de spectromètres inélastiques par temps de vol sur source continue ou pulsée et discutons leurs mérites respectifs. Les deux alternatives utilisées pour décrire la dynamique des protéines sont abordées: (i)l'une en termes de physique statistique, issue de la physique des verres, (ii) la seconde est une interprétation mécanistique. Nous montrons dans ce cas, comment mettre à profit les complémentarités de domaines en vecteur de diffusion et de résolution en énergie de différents spectromètres inélastiques de neutrons (temps de vol, backscattering et spin-écho) pour accéder, à l'aide d'un modèle physique simple, à la dynamique des protéines sur une échelle de temps allant d'une fraction de picoseconde à quelques nanosecondes.

  18. Reduction in language testing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dimova, Slobodanka; Jensen, Christian

    2013-01-01

    /video recorded speech samples and written reports produced by two experienced raters after testing. Our findings suggest that reduction or reduction-like pronunciation features are found in tested L2 speech, but whenever raters identify and comment on such reductions, they tend to assess reductions negatively...

  19. Compilation of requests for nuclear data

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Weston, L.W.; Larson, D.C. [eds.

    1993-02-01

    This compilation represents the current needs for nuclear data measurements and evaluations as expressed by interested fission and fusion reactor designers, medical users of nuclear data, nuclear data evaluators, CSEWG members and other interested parties. The requests and justifications are reviewed by the Data Request and Status Subcommittee of CSEWG as well as most of the general CSEWG membership. The basic format and computer programs for the Request List were produced by the National Nuclear Data Center (NNDC) at Brookhaven National Laboratory. The NNDC produced the Request List for many years. The Request List is compiled from a computerized data file. Each request has a unique isotope, reaction type, requestor and identifying number. The first two digits of the identifying number are the year in which the request was initiated. Every effort has been made to restrict the notations to those used in common nuclear physics textbooks. Most requests are for individual isotopes as are most ENDF evaluations, however, there are some requests for elemental measurements. Each request gives a priority rating which will be discussed in Section 2, the neutron energy range for which the request is made, the accuracy requested in terms of one standard deviation, and the requested energy resolution in terms of one standard deviation. Also given is the requestor with the comments which were furnished with the request. The addresses and telephone numbers of the requestors are given in Appendix 1. ENDF evaluators who may be contacted concerning evaluations are given in Appendix 2. Experimentalists contemplating making one of the requested measurements are encouraged to contact both the requestor and evaluator who may provide valuable information. This is a working document in that it will change with time. New requests or comments may be submitted to the editors or a regular CSEWG member at any time.

  20. PRAGMATIC TRANSFER IN REQUEST REALIZATIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Indawan Syahri

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available This study investigates the pragmatic transfer in English request realizations made by EFL learners, i.e. the proficient learners. The subjects were students of an English Study Program who obtained TOEFL-like scores of at least 450. The data were collected by means of DCT-questionnaires and Role-plays. The results show that the subjects realize requests in the form of external modifications more frequently. Most of them embed their requests with supportive moves dominantly. They enfold the acts with the moves before, after or in both positions. Of the three positions, they mostly insert the moves initial position, i.e., through inductive patterns. This is due to pragmatic transfer.

  1. 32 CFR 154.34 - Priority requests.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Priority requests. 154.34 Section 154.34... requests. To insure that personnel security investigations are conducted in an orderly and efficient manner, requests for priority for individual investigations or categories of investigations shall be kept to a...

  2. 49 CFR 260.33 - Information requests.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Information requests. 260.33 Section 260.33... requests. If an Applicant desires that any information submitted in its application or any supplement thereto not be released by the Administrator upon request from a member of the public, the Applicant must...

  3. 16 CFR 4.11 - Disclosure requests.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Disclosure requests. 4.11 Section 4.11... RULES § 4.11 Disclosure requests. (a) Freedom of Information Act requests—(1) Initial requests—(i) Form and contents; time of receipt. (A) A request under the provisions of the Freedom of Information Act, 5...

  4. 21 CFR 203.35 - Standing requests.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Standing requests. 203.35 Section 203.35 Food and... PRESCRIPTION DRUG MARKETING Samples § 203.35 Standing requests. Manufacturers or authorized distributors of record shall not distribute drug samples on the basis of open-ended or standing requests, but shall...

  5. 5 CFR 1639.21 - Waiver requests.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Waiver requests. 1639.21 Section 1639.21 Administrative Personnel FEDERAL RETIREMENT THRIFT INVESTMENT BOARD CLAIMS COLLECTION Salary Offset § 1639.21 Waiver requests. The regulations in this subpart do not preclude an employee from requesting waiver of an...

  6. 31 CFR 103.84 - Withdrawing requests.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Withdrawing requests. 103.84 Section 103.84 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance FINANCIAL RECORDKEEPING... requests. A person may withdraw a request for an administrative ruling at any time before the ruling has...

  7. 22 CFR 1502.4 - Written requests.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ...: Director, Administration and Finance Division, African Development Foundation, 1724 Massachusetts Avenue... Relations AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT FOUNDATION AVAILABILITY OF RECORDS § 1502.4 Written requests. In order to... of the Foundation. Blanket requests or requests for “the entire file of” or “all matters relating to...

  8. 32 CFR 807.5 - Processing requests.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Processing requests. 807.5 Section 807.5 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE AIR FORCE ADMINISTRATION SALE TO THE PUBLIC § 807.5 Processing requests. Payment is required before shipping the requested material. Payment...

  9. 31 CFR 103.81 - Submitting requests.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Submitting requests. 103.81 Section 103.81 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance FINANCIAL RECORDKEEPING... which the request is made. (b) A request filed by a corporation shall be signed by a corporate officer...

  10. 40 CFR 142.41 - Variance request.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Section 1415(a) of the Act § 142.41 Variance request. A supplier of water may request the granting of a... enforcement responsibility by submitting a request for a variance in writing to the Administrator. Suppliers... and evidence of the best available treatment technology and techniques. (2) Economic and legal factors...

  11. A inconsistência teórica e empírica da hipótese central do rent seeking

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vinícius Eduardo Ferrari

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available O termo rent seeking diz respeito ao processo competitivo de apropriação das rendas artificiais criadas a partir da intervenção estatal na economia. Subjacente a esta teoria reside o pressuposto da total dissipação das rendas, ou seja, a visão de que a intervenção estatal na economia geraria rendas artificiais e que a perseguição destas transferências econômicas, pelos agentes privados, promoveria o desperdício de recursos produtivos num montante semelhante ao valor original das rendas engendradas a partir da ação pública. O presente artigo procura demonstrar que este cenário de dissipação total das rendas representa um caso particular e não uma propriedade geral imanente à ação estatal. Conclui-se que a teoria de rent seeking é incapaz de produzir resultados analíticos gerais e bem demonstrados. Assim, constata-se a fragilidade das prescrições políticas embasadas nesta construção teórica.

  12. LHCb Computing Resources: 2018 requests and preview of 2019 requests

    CERN Document Server

    Bozzi, Concezio

    2017-01-01

    This document presents a reassessment of computing resources needed by LHCb in 2018 and a preview of computing requests for 2019, as resulting from the current experience of Run2 data taking and recent changes in the LHCb computing model parameters.

  13. 77 FR 64596 - Proposed Information Collection (Income Verification) Activity: Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-22

    ... AFFAIRS Proposed Information Collection (Income Verification) Activity: Comment Request AGENCY: Veterans... techniques or the use of other forms of information technology. Title: Income Verification, VA Form 21-0161a... proposed collection of certain information by the agency. Under the Paperwork Reduction Act (PRA) of 1995...

  14. 76 FR 27383 - Proposed Information Collection (Eligibility Verification Reports); Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-11

    ... AFFAIRS Proposed Information Collection (Eligibility Verification Reports); Comment Request AGENCY... techniques or the use of other forms of information technology. Titles: Eligibility Verification Reports (EVR... comment on the proposed collection of certain information by the agency. Under the Paperwork Reduction Act...

  15. 77 FR 20889 - Proposed Information Collection (Request One-VA Identification Verification Card) Activity...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-06

    ... AFFAIRS Proposed Information Collection (Request One-VA Identification Verification Card) Activity... certain information by the agency. Under the Paperwork Reduction Act (PRA) of 1995, Federal agencies are required to publish notice in the Federal Register concerning each proposed collection of information...

  16. 77 FR 64383 - Proposed Information Collection (Verification of VA Benefits) Activity: Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-19

    ... AFFAIRS Proposed Information Collection (Verification of VA Benefits) Activity: Comment Request AGENCY... techniques or the use of other forms of information technology. Title: Verification of VA Benefits, VA Form... comment on the proposed collection of certain information by the agency. Under the Paperwork Reduction Act...

  17. 76 FR 39070 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; Import, End-User, and Delivery Verification...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-05

    ... Bureau of Industry and Security Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; Import, End- User, and Delivery Verification Certificates AGENCY: Bureau of Industry and Security, Commerce. ACTION: Notice... proposed and/or continuing information collections, as required by the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995...

  18. 76 FR 30429 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request for Revenue Procedure 2002-23

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-25

    ... proposed and/or continuing information collections, as required by the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995... Procedure 2002-23, Taxation of Canadian Retirement Plans Under U.S.--Canada Income Tax Treaty. DATES... Avenue, NW., Washington, DC 20224. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Requests for additional information...

  19. 76 FR 17474 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Request for Comments on a New Information Collection...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-29

    ... responses x 15 minutes/60 minutes for intervention questionnaire) + (1,250 responses x 15 minutes/60 minutes... Administration, DOT. ACTION: Notice and request for comments. SUMMARY: In accordance with the Paperwork Reduction...://edocket.access.gpo.gov/2008/pdf/E8-785.pdf . FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Olu Ajayi, Research Division...

  20. 76 FR 144 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request; Extension

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-03

    ... requirements described below has been submitted to the Office of Management and Budget (``OMB'') for review, as... requiring used car dealers to disclose information about warranty coverage, if any, and the mechanical... information about warranty coverage. Request for Comments Under the Paperwork Reduction Act (``PRA''), 44 U.S...

  1. 76 FR 41280 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Generic Clearance...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-13

    ... Administration's commitment to improving service delivery. By qualitative feedback we mean information that...; Comment Request; Generic Clearance for the Collection of Qualitative Feedback on Agency Service Delivery... Qualitative Feedback on Agency Service Delivery '' to OMB for approval under the Paperwork Reduction Act (PRA...

  2. 78 FR 5807 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-28

    ... (AHRQ) to request that the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) approve the proposed information... Ambulatory Care Workflow Redesign.'' In accordance with the Paperwork Reduction Act, 44 U.S.C. 3501-3521... Novel Methods To Better Understand the Relationship Between Health IT and Ambulatory Care Workflow...

  3. 78 FR 22880 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-17

    ... staff, non- clinical personnel, and management regarding how health IT has changed their workflow... (AHRQ) to request that the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) approve the proposed information... Ambulatory Care Workflow Redesign.'' In accordance with the Paperwork Reduction Act, 44 U.S.C. 3501-3521...

  4. 78 FR 9704 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection, Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-11

    ... submission to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) under the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995. To request... proper performance of the agency's functions, (2) the accuracy of the estimated burden, (3) ways to... the map. There will also be approximately five fields to populate following the event to measure...

  5. 78 FR 22888 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-17

    ... submission to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) under the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995. To request... proper performance of the agency's functions, (2) the accuracy of the estimated burden, (3) ways to... projects take up to five years to complete. The information collected from these updates is vital to...

  6. 78 FR 2379 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Comment Request; Impact Evaluation of Math Professional...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-11

    ... Agency Information Collection Activities; Comment Request; Impact Evaluation of Math Professional... postal mail, commercial delivery, or hand delivery. Please note that comments submitted by fax or email... with the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (PRA) (44 U.S.C. 3506(c)(2)(A)), provides the general public...

  7. 75 FR 61763 - Submission of OMB Review; Comment Request; Drug Accountability Record (Form NIH 2564) (NCI)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-06

    .... Affected Public: Private sector including businesses, other for-profit organizations, and non-profit...) of the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, for opportunity for public comment on proposed data... Office of Management and Budget (OMB) a request for review and approval of the information collected...

  8. 76 FR 82000 - Submission for Review: Request for Change to Unreduced Annuity, RI 20-120

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-29

    ... MANAGEMENT Submission for Review: Request for Change to Unreduced Annuity, RI 20-120 AGENCY: U.S. Office of... Unreduced Annuity, RI 20-120. As required by the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, (Pub. L. 104-13, 44 U.S.C.... SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: RI 20-120 is designed to collect information the Office of Personnel Management needs...

  9. 77 FR 6820 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request: Creating Stewardship Through Biodiversity...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-09

    ... Biodiversity Discovery in National Parks AGENCY: National Park Service (NPS), Interior. ACTION: Notice; request... of Biodiversity Discovery efforts. To comply with the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 and as a part...). SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: I. Abstract Biodiversity Discovery refers to a variety of efforts to discover living...

  10. 78 FR 53793 - Request To Amend a License To Import Radioactive Waste

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-30

    ... COMMISSION Request To Amend a License To Import Radioactive Waste Pursuant to 10 CFR 110.70 (b) ``Public....'' No IW022/04 radioactive tons of low- other changes to the existing 11005700 waste). level waste). license which authorizes the import of low-level waste for recycling and processing for volume reduction...

  11. 78 FR 9747 - Request To Amend A License To Import; Radioactive Waste

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-11

    ... COMMISSION Request To Amend A License To Import; Radioactive Waste Pursuant to 10 CFR 110.70 (b) ``Public... radioactive Up to 378,000 Volume reduction...... Canada Services, Inc.; January 10, mixed waste kilograms... other contaminants, free release to ship including on shipping the Canadian waste to containers...

  12. 75 FR 81634 - Notice of Submission of Proposed Information Collection to OMB; Emergency Comment Request...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-28

    ... Paperwork Reduction Act. The Department is soliciting public comments on the subject proposal. This request... data collection has three purposes: (1) To identify a sample of PHAs that are verified to be operating... program budget. In addition, at 5 of the 60 sites the research team will beta-test three alternative...

  13. 76 FR 36622 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request for Form 5305A-SEP

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-22

    ... Internal Revenue Service Proposed Collection; Comment Request for Form 5305A-SEP AGENCY: Internal Revenue...(c)(2)(A)). Currently, the IRS is soliciting comments concerning Form 5305A-SEP, Salary Reduction...-Individual Retirement Accounts Contribution Agreement. OMB Number: 1545-1012. Form Number: 5305A-SEP...

  14. 78 FR 79660 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection; Comment Request-Child Nutrition...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-31

    ...] [FR Doc No: 2013-31355] DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Food and Nutrition Service Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection; Comment Request--Child Nutrition Database AGENCY: Food and Nutrition Service, USDA. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: In accordance with the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995...

  15. 75 FR 6624 - Notice of Request for Extension of Approval of an Information Collection; Commercial...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-10

    ... Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Notice of Request for Extension of Approval of an Information Collection; Commercial Transportation of Equines for Slaughter AGENCY: Animal and Plant Health Inspection... accordance with the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, this notice announces the Animal and Plant Health...

  16. 78 FR 59660 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Comment Request; Alternative Student Outcomes for...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-27

    ...), Department of Education (ED). ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: In accordance with the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995... by ICF International and its subcontractor, Mathematica Policy Research. This submission requests...), teachers (including both classroom teachers and instructional coaches), and principals. The data collected...

  17. 77 FR 61007 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection: Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-05

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND... Office of Management and Budget (OMB) under the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995. To request more... Documentation (EID) checklist which consists of information that the agency is required to obtain to comply with...

  18. 75 FR 17923 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection: Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-08

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND... Office of Management and Budget (OMB) under the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995. To request more... to Release Information form, the Applicant Checklist, and the Self-Certification form. The annual...

  19. 78 FR 25750 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection: Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-02

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND... submission to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) under the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995. To request... 700 Checklist CIS Site--Delete Checklist...... 700 1 700 1.0 700 CIS Relocation Checklist........ 700...

  20. 76 FR 59410 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection: Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-26

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND... Office of Management and Budget (OMB) under the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995. To request more...: Cultural and Linguistic Competency and Health Literacy Data Collection Checklist (OMB No. 0915-xxxx)-- The...

  1. 75 FR 15436 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection: Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-29

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND... Office of Management and Budget (OMB) under the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995. To request more... Checklist CIS Site Delete Checklist....... 200 1 200 1.0 200 CIS Relocation Checklist........ 200 1 200 1.5...

  2. 75 FR 66380 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-28

    ... (HRSA) publishes abstracts of information collection requests under review by the Office of Management... submitted to the Office of Management and Budget for review under the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995... campuses to health profession students, is an optional form that a health profession student, licensed...

  3. 75 FR 54342 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection: Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-07

    ... Office of Management and Budget (OMB) under the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995. To request more... exhibiting at national and regional conferences as well as when presenting on campuses to health profession students, is an optional form that a health profession student, licensed clinician, faculty member, or...

  4. 77 FR 56844 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection: Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-14

    ... Office of Management and Budget (OMB) under the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995. To request more... provided to eligible students to pay for educational costs in a number of health professions. HEAL forms collect information that is required for responsible program management. The HEAL Repayment Schedule...

  5. 78 FR 28945 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request for Form 1120-C

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-16

    ... Internal Revenue Service Proposed Collection; Comment Request for Form 1120-C AGENCY: Internal Revenue... information collections, as required by the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, Public Law 104-13 (44 U.S.C. 3506(c)(2)(A)). Currently, the IRS is soliciting comments concerning Form 1120-C, U.S. Income Tax Return...

  6. 76 FR 34293 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request for Form 1099-C

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-13

    ... Internal Revenue Service Proposed Collection; Comment Request for Form 1099-C AGENCY: Internal Revenue... information collections, as required by the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, Public Law 104-13 (44 U.S.C. 3506(c)(2)(A)). Currently, the IRS is soliciting comments concerning Form 1099-C, Cancellation of Debt...

  7. 76 FR 57803 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request for Form 1098-C

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-16

    ... Internal Revenue Service Proposed Collection; Comment Request for Form 1098-C AGENCY: Internal Revenue... information collections, as required by the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, Public Law 104-13 (44 U.S.C. 3506(c)(2)(A)). Currently, the IRS is soliciting comments concerning Form 1098-C, Contributions of Motor...

  8. 75 FR 36478 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request for Form 1120-C

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-25

    ... Internal Revenue Service Proposed Collection; Comment Request for Form 1120-C AGENCY: Internal Revenue... information collections, as required by the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, Public Law 104-13 (44 U.S.C. 3506(c)(2)(A)). Currently, the IRS is soliciting comments concerning Form 1120-C, U.S. Income Tax Return...

  9. 77 FR 32657 - Information Collection Requests to Office of Management and Budget

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-01

    ... delivery: Same as mail address above, between 9:00 a.m. and 5:00 p.m., Monday through Friday, except..., DHS. ACTION: Sixty-day notice requesting comments. SUMMARY: In compliance with the Paperwork Reduction... delivery, but please use only one of these means. If you submit a comment online via www.regulations.gov...

  10. 76 FR 58529 - Information Collection Requests to Office of Management and Budget

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-21

    ..., Room W12- 140, 1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE., Washington, DC 20590-0001. (3) Hand delivery: Same as mail..., DHS. ACTION: Sixty-day notice requesting comments. SUMMARY: In compliance with the Paperwork Reduction... your comments and material online (via http://www.regulations.gov ), by fax, mail, or hand delivery...

  11. 78 FR 77442 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Comment Request; The Impact of Professional Development...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-23

    ... Agency Information Collection Activities; Comment Request; The Impact of Professional Development in... of Collection: The Impact of Professional Development in Fractions for Fourth Grade. OMB Control... Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. chapter 3501 et seq.), ED is proposing a new information collection. DATES...

  12. 75 FR 13211 - Proposed Information Collection (Special Notice) Activity: Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-18

    ... information needed to ensure that equipment proposed by the contractor meets specification requirements. DATES... AFFAIRS Proposed Information Collection (Special Notice) Activity: Comment Request AGENCY: Office of... comment on the proposed collection of certain information by the agency. Under the Paperwork Reduction Act...

  13. 78 FR 22367 - Proposed Information Collection (Special Notice) Activity: Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-15

    ... information needed to ensure that equipment proposed by the contractor meets specification requirements. DATES... AFFAIRS Proposed Information Collection (Special Notice) Activity: Comment Request AGENCY: Office of... comment on the proposed collection of certain information by the agency. Under the Paperwork Reduction Act...

  14. 75 FR 55849 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request for Form 1097-BTC, Bond Tax Credit

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-14

    ... Internal Revenue Service Proposed Collection; Comment Request for Form 1097-BTC, Bond Tax Credit AGENCY... continuing information collections, as required by the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, Public Law 104-13 (44... Credit. DATES: Written comments should be received on or before November 15, 2010 to be assured of...

  15. 76 FR 70830 - Proposed Information Collection (Claim for Credit of Annual Leave) Activity: Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-15

    ... AFFAIRS Proposed Information Collection (Claim for Credit of Annual Leave) Activity: Comment Request... comment on the proposed collection of certain information by the agency. Under the Paperwork Reduction Act... proposed collection of information, including each proposed extension of a currently approved collection...

  16. 77 FR 11565 - Agency Information Collection: Comment Request AGENCY: United States Geological Survey (USGS...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-27

    ....S. Geological Survey Agency Information Collection: Comment Request AGENCY: United States Geological... Cooperative Geologic Mapping Program (NCGMP)--EDMAP and STATEMAP. As required by the Paperwork Reduction Act... Information Collection Clearance Officer, U.S. Geological Survey, 12201 Sunrise Valley Drive, MS 807, Reston...

  17. Usefulness of Hand-Held Ultrasonography as a Gatekeeper to Standard Echocardiography for "Rarely Appropriate" Echocardiography Requests.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pathan, Faraz; Fonseca, Ricardo; Marwick, Thomas H

    2016-11-15

    Adoption of appropriate use criteria has not had a major impact on the frequency of "rarely appropriate" tests, with the rarely appropriate tests rate remaining at ∼20% in most institutions. We sought whether access to hand-held ultrasound (HHU) could be an alternative means of reducing rarely appropriate requests. We compared 2 approaches to rarely appropriate requests; "standard transthoracic echocardiography" (SE) as requested (control) and HHU as a gatekeeper (HHU). Patients were followed up for 6 months and assessed for end points including time until scan, repeat echocardiography/cost of either strategy, new major pathology, and change in management. The most common rarely appropriate requests in both groups were assessment of infective endocarditis without positive blood cultures and precordial murmur evaluation in absence of any other signs or symptoms of cardiovascular disease. The groups had comparable age, gender, requesting physician, and inpatient versus outpatient distribution. HHU led to a 59% reduction in rarely appropriate requests requiring SE. HHU significantly reduced time to decision for inpatients (0 [interquartile range 0, 1] vs 2 days [interquartile range 1, 4], p change in management. In conclusion, HHU can be an effective gatekeeper to SE for rarely appropriate echocardiograms, reducing time to echocardiography and cost while satisfying the referring physician and avoiding repeat requests for SE. HHU provides a safety net that identifies potential important findings in rarely appropriate requests. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  18. Cesarean section by maternal request.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Câmara, Raphael; Burlá, Marcelo; Ferrari, José; Lima, Lana; Amim, Joffre; Braga, Antonio; Rezende, Jorge

    2016-01-01

    Cesarean section by maternal request is the one performed on a pregnant woman without medical indication and without contraindication to vaginal delivery. There is great controversy over requested cesarean section. Potential risks include complications in subsequent pregnancies, such as uterine rupture, placenta previa and accreta. Potential benefits of requested cesareans include a lower risk of postpartum hemorrhage in the first cesarean and fewer surgical complications compared with vaginal delivery. Cesarean section by request should never be performed before 39 weeks. RESUMO A cesariana a pedido materno é aquela realizada em uma gestante sem indicações médicas e sem contraindicação para tentativa do parto vaginal. Existe grande controvérsia sobre a realização da cesariana a pedido. Riscos potenciais da cesariana a pedido incluem complicações em gravidezes subsequentes, tais como: rotura uterina, placenta prévia e acretismo. Potenciais benefícios da cesariana a pedido englobam um menor risco de hemorragia pós-parto na primeira cesariana e menos complicações cirúrgicas quando comparada ao parto vaginal. A cesariana a pedido jamais deve ser realizada antes de 39 semanas.

  19. Modern Reduction Methods

    CERN Document Server

    Andersson, Pher G

    2008-01-01

    With its comprehensive overview of modern reduction methods, this book features high quality contributions allowing readers to find reliable solutions quickly and easily. The monograph treats the reduction of carbonyles, alkenes, imines and alkynes, as well as reductive aminations and cross and heck couplings, before finishing off with sections on kinetic resolutions and hydrogenolysis. An indispensable lab companion for every chemist.

  20. 77 FR 77039 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-31

    ...The Corporation for National and Community Service (CNCS), as part of its continuing effort to reduce paperwork and respondent burden, conducts a pre-clearance consultation program to provide the general public and federal agencies with an opportunity to comment on proposed and/or continuing collections of information in accordance with the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (PRA95) (44 U.S.C. 3506(c)(2)(A)). This program helps to ensure that requested data can be provided in the desired format, reporting burden (time and financial resources) is minimized, collection instruments are clearly understood, and the impact of collection requirement on respondents can be properly assessed. Currently, CNCS is soliciting comments concerning clearance of the Social Innovation Fund Continuation Application Guidance. Social Innovation Fund grantees seeking continuation funding will complete the application. Continuation funding is dependent upon submission of the information requested in this collection. Copies of the information collection request can be obtained by contacting the office listed in the addresses section of this notice.

  1. Can physician laboratory-test requests be influenced by interventions?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erlingsdóttir, Helga; Jóhannesson, Ari; Ásgeirsdóttir, Tinna L

    2015-01-01

    Laboratory tests affect healthcare costs and unnecessary test requests can thus be a concern. We studied whether it was possible to influence physician laboratory-test requests using four structured interventions: introduction of clinical guidelines, education, feedback, and reminder letters. The interventions occurred at different times at Landspítali University Hospital, Reykjavik, Iceland. Akureyri Hospital, northern Iceland, was used as a control, since no formal interventions were introduced there. Six types of laboratory tests were analyzed. The relative risk of a laboratory test being conducted at Landspítali University Hospital compared to Akureyri Hospital was calculated for various points in time, as well as the associated 95% confidence intervals. The primary estimates compare the pre- and post-intervention periods (2007-2009 vs. 2010-2013), but also on a monthly basis in order to observe the trends in greater detail. Interventions at Landspítali University Hospital led to a significant reduction in the average number of laboratory tests (12-52%, p requests using multifaceted interventions that include continuous monitoring and follow-up.

  2. A welfare ranking of multilateral reductions in real and tariff trade barriers when firms are heterogenous

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schröder, Philipp; Sørensen, Allan

    2014-01-01

    Trade liberalization comes about through reductions in various types of trade barriers. This paper introduces, apart from the customary real trade costs (i.e. iceberg and fixed export costs), two revenue generating trade barriers (i.e. an ad valorem tariff and a trade license) into a standard...... heterogeneous-firms-trade model with Pareto distributed productivities. We derive analytical welfare rankings of all four liberalization channels for an equal effect on two openness measures, for any trade cost level and while all four barriers are simultaneously present, i.e. for any initial equilibrium. We...... show that when openness is measured at retail prices, not border prices, the welfare rankings are sensitive to the degree of efficiency in revenue redistribution, e.g. the share of tariff revenues wasted on rent-seeking activities. As a result, multilateral tariff reductions can switch from the least...

  3. Ralentissement de la lumière dans un solide par effet d'oscillation cohérente de population

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bencheikh, K.; Baldit, E.; Monnier, P.; Levenson, A.

    2006-10-01

    Le ralentissement de la lumière est le résultat d'une forte dispersion de l'indice de réfraction. Nous observons un tel effet obtenu par oscillation cohérente de population dans un cristal dopé aux ions d'Erbium triplement ionisés. La lumière s'y propage avec une vitesse de groupe de 2.7 m/s. La largeur inhomogène de la transition est exploitée comme un paramètre additionnel pour contrôler à la fois cette vitesse de groupe et la transmission.

  4. Évaluation de l’activité antifongique de différents extraits de la cannelle de Chine (Cinnamomum cassia)

    OpenAIRE

    MERGHACHE, D.; BOUCHERIT-ATMANI, Z.; Boucherit, K.

    2012-01-01

    L’incidence des infections fongiques invasives due à Candida albicans a considérablement augmenté depuis 25 ans. L’amphotéricine B reste le meilleur traitement en dépit de sa toxicité sévère. Notre travail s’inscrit dans le cadre de la découverte de nouveaux agents antifongiques naturels à partir d’un condiment très utilisé dans notre alimentation: la cannelle de Chine (Cinnamomum cassia). Cette étude s’intéresse dans un premier temps à la déter-mination qualitative des différentes famill...

  5. Croatian EFL Learners’ Interlanguage Requests: A Focus on Request Modification

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Danijela Šegedin Borovina

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper explores the development of pragmatic competence in the interlanguage of Croatian learners of English as a foreign language (EFL at three proficiency levels (beginner, intermediate and advanced. It investigates the way Croatian learners of English as a foreign language (EFL use internal and external supportive moves to modify their requests. Data were collected using an oral Discourse Completion Test consisting of ten school-related situations. The research participants were 60 EFL learners aged between 11 and 18. The coding categories developed in the Cross-Cultural Speech Act Realization Project (CCSARP, Blum-Kulka et al. 1989 and adapted by Schauer (2009 were used to analyse the data. Overall results indicated that the request production of EFL learners showed little variation regarding the type of modification and frequency of their use. Results also indicated weak evidence of pragmalinguistic development across levels, particularly in the use of grounders. The infrequent use of request modification suggests that pragmatic instruction should be included in FL classrooms to facilitate the development of L2 pragmatic ability.

  6. 41 CFR 51-8.6 - Aggregating requests.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Aggregating requests. 51... AGENCY MATERIALS § 51-8.6 Aggregating requests. When the Committee reasonably believes that a requester, or a group of requesters acting in concert, is attempting to break a request down into a series of...

  7. 45 CFR 502.11 - Actions on requests.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Actions on requests. 502.11 Section 502.11 Public... § 502.11 Actions on requests. (a) The Administrative Officer or any employee acting in that official's... the receipt of any a request whether to comply with the request. Upon receipt of a request for a...

  8. 8 CFR 103.40 - Genealogical Research Requests.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    .... Genealogy requests are requests for searches and/or copies of historical records relating to a deceased person, usually for genealogy and family history research purposes. (b) Manner of requesting genealogical searches and records. Requests must be submitted on Form G-1041, Genealogy Index Search Request, or Form G...

  9. 77 FR 20355 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; Award Amendment Requests and Project Service Maps

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-04

    ... Analyst, Office of Regional Affairs, Room 7009, Economic Development Administration, Washington, DC 20230... Economic Development Administration Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; Award Amendment Requests and Project Service Maps AGENCY: Economic Development Administration (EDA), Department of Commerce...

  10. 78 FR 43880 - Information Collection Request Submitted to OMB for Review and Approval; Comment Request; Notice...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-22

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY Information Collection Request Submitted to OMB for Review and Approval; Comment Request; Notice of Supplemental Distribution of a Registered Pesticide Product AGENCY: Environmental Protection...

  11. 76 FR 59714 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection: Comment Request; Information Request Regarding...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-27

    ..., Director, Office of Strategic Planning and Management, Advisor to the Secretary for Management. BILLING... URBAN DEVELOPMENT Notice of Proposed Information Collection: Comment Request; Information Request..., Departmental Reports Management Officer, QDAM, Department of Housing and Urban Development, 451 Seventh Street...

  12. On model reduction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Saggaf, Ubaid M.; Franklin, Gene F.

    1986-01-01

    Three model reduction methods are described. These are the discrete balanced realizations of Mullis and Roberts (1976) where a characterization of the reduction error is given and a previously unknown L(infinity) norm bound on the reduction error, is obtained. Another method is a new model reduction technique for discrete time systems which has the advantage that the reduced order model is balanced and has an L(infinity) norm bound on the reduction error. The last method derived is a frequency weighting technique for continuous and discrete systems where it is possible to specify the approximation accuracy with frequency and also, for this method, an L(infinity) norm on the weighted reduction error is obtained.

  13. Quantum State Reduction

    OpenAIRE

    Brody, DC; Hughston, LP

    2016-01-01

    We propose an energy-driven stochastic master equation for the density matrix as a dynamical model for quantum state reduction. In contrast, most previous studies of state reduction have considered stochastic extensions of the Schr¨odinger equation, and have introduced the density matrix as the expectation of the random pure projection operator associated with the evolving state vector. After working out properties of the reduction process we construct a general solution to the energy- driven...

  14. Drag reduction in nature

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bushnell, D. M.; Moore, K. J.

    1991-01-01

    Recent studies on the drag-reducing shapes, structures, and behaviors of swimming and flying animals are reviewed, with an emphasis on potential analogs in vehicle design. Consideration is given to form drag reduction (turbulent flow, vortex generation, mass transfer, and adaptations for body-intersection regions), skin-friction drag reduction (polymers, surfactants, and bubbles as surface 'additives'), reduction of the drag due to lift, drag-reduction studies on porpoises, and drag-reducing animal behavior (e.g., leaping out of the water by porpoises). The need for further research is stressed.

  15. Finding optimal exact reducts

    KAUST Repository

    AbouEisha, Hassan M.

    2014-01-01

    The problem of attribute reduction is an important problem related to feature selection and knowledge discovery. The problem of finding reducts with minimum cardinality is NP-hard. This paper suggests a new algorithm for finding exact reducts with minimum cardinality. This algorithm transforms the initial table to a decision table of a special kind, apply a set of simplification steps to this table, and use a dynamic programming algorithm to finish the construction of an optimal reduct. I present results of computer experiments for a collection of decision tables from UCIML Repository. For many of the experimented tables, the simplification steps solved the problem.

  16. Pickup and delivery selection with compulsory requests

    OpenAIRE

    Ramaekers, Katrien; CARIS, An; Janssens, Gerrit; Maes, Tabitha

    2015-01-01

    The operational planning decisions of a carrier consist of accepting transport requests of customers and constructing daily vehicle routes. Several customers may have less-than-truckload requests to be transported between two specified locations: these customers are consolidated into vehicle tours by the carrier. However, a carrier has only a limited capacity within his own vehicle fleet. Therefore he can only serve a selection of clients. Transport requests of clients are only accepted if th...

  17. 77 FR 43822 - Proposed Information Collection Request; Comment Request; Valuing Improved Water Quality in the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-26

    ... AGENCY Proposed Information Collection Request; Comment Request; Valuing Improved Water Quality in the... request (ICR), ``Valuing Improved Water Quality in the Chesapeake Bay Using Stated Preference Methods (New... Act (CWA) directs EPA to coordinate Federal and State efforts to improve water quality in the...

  18. 78 FR 16498 - Proposed Information Collection Request; Comment Request; Registration of Fuels and Fuel...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-15

    ... AGENCY Proposed Information Collection Request; Comment Request; Registration of Fuels and Fuel Additives... request (ICR) ``Registration of Fuels and Fuel Additives--Requirements for Manufacturers'' (EPA ICR No..., Registration of Fuels and Fuel Additives, manufacturers (including importers) of motor-vehicle gasoline, motor...

  19. 48 CFR 450.303-1 - Contractor requests.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contractor requests. 450... MANAGEMENT EXTRAORDINARY CONTRACTUAL ACTIONS Contract Adjustments 450.303-1 Contractor requests. Contractor requests shall be submitted to the contracting officer. ...

  20. 20 CFR 422.605 - Request for review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... an assignment if you request review and show that there is a prima facie case of error regarding the... prima facie case of error regarding the assignment. If your request for review includes a request for...

  1. Association of the RENT complex with nontranscribed and coding regions of rDNA and a regional requirement for the replication fork block protein Fob1 in rDNA silencing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Julie; Moazed, Danesh

    2003-01-01

    Silencing within the yeast rDNA repeats inhibits hyperrecombination, represses transcription from foreign promoters, and extends replicative life span. rDNA silencing is mediated by a Sir2-containing complex called RENT (regulator of nucleolar silencing and telophase exit). We show that the Net1 (also called Cfi1) and Sir2 subunits of RENT localize primarily to two distinct regions within rDNA: in one of the nontranscribed spacers (NTS1) and around the Pol I promoter, extending into the 35S rRNA coding region. Binding to NTS1 overlaps the recombination hotspot and replication fork barrier elements, which have been shown previously to require the Fob1 protein for their activities. In cells lacking Fob1, silencing and the association of RENT subunits are abolished specifically at NTS1, while silencing and association at the Pol I promoter region are unaffected or increased. We find that Net1 and Sir2 are physically associated with Fob1 and subunits of RNA polymerase I. Together with the localization data, these results suggest the existence of two distinct modes for the recruitment of the RENT complex to rDNA and reveal a role for Fob1 in rDNA silencing and in the recruitment of the RENT complex. Furthermore, the Fob1-dependent associations of Net1 and Sir2 with the recombination hotspot region strongly suggest that Sir2 acts directly at this region to carry out its inhibitory effect on rDNA recombination and accelerated aging. PMID:12923057

  2. Strategies for poverty reduction

    OpenAIRE

    Øyen, Else

    2003-01-01

    SIU konferanse Solstrand 6.-7. October 2003 Higher education has a value of its own. When linked to the issue of poverty reduction it is necessary to ask another set of questions, including the crutial one whether higher education in general is the best tool for poverty reduction.

  3. Intelligent Data Reduction (IDARE)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brady, D. Michael; Ford, Donnie R.

    1990-01-01

    A description of the Intelligent Data Reduction (IDARE) expert system and an IDARE user's manual are given. IDARE is a data reduction system with the addition of a user profile infrastructure. The system was tested on a nickel-cadmium battery testbed. Information is given on installing, loading, maintaining the IDARE system.

  4. Dirac reduction revisited

    OpenAIRE

    Marciniak, Krzysztof; Blaszak, Maciej

    2003-01-01

    The procedure of Dirac reduction of Poisson operators on submanifolds is discussed within a particularly useful special realization of the general Marsden-Ratiu reduction procedure. The Dirac classification of constraints on 'first-class' constraints and 'second-class' constraints is reexamined.

  5. Request for All - A Generalized Request Framework for PhEDEx

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Huang, C.-H. [Fermilab; Wildish, T. [Princeton U.; Ratnikova, N. [Fermilab; Sanchez-Hernandez, A. [CINVESTAV, IPN; Zhang, X. [Beijing, Inst. High Energy Phys.; Magini, N. [CERN

    2014-01-01

    PhEDEx has been serving CMS community since 2004 as the data broker. Every PhEDEx operation is initiated by a request, e.g. request to move or to delete data, and so on. A request has it own life cycle, including creation, approval, notification, and book keeping and the details depend on its type. Currently, only two kinds of requests, transfer and deletion, are fully integrated in PhEDEx. They are tailored specifically to the operations' workflows. To be able to serve a new type of request it generally means a fair amount of development work. After several many years of operation, we have gathered enough experience to rethink the request handling in PhEDEx. Generalized Request Project is set to abstract such experience and design a request system which is not tied into current workflow yet it is general enough to accommodate current and future requests. The challenges are dealing with different stages in a request's life cycle, complexity of approval process and complexity of the ability and authority associated with each role in the context of the request. We start with a high level abstraction driven by a deterministic finite automata, followed by a formal description and handling of approval process, followed by a set of tools that make such system friendly to the users. Since we have a formal way to describe the life of a request and a mechanism to systematically handle it, to serve a new kind of request is merely a configuration issue, adding the description of the new request rather than development effort. In this paper, we share the design and implementation of a generalized request framework and the experience of taking an existing serving system through a re-design and re-deployment.

  6. 76 FR 56408 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection Requests

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-13

    ... environmentally sustainable learning spaces, and offer effective environmental education. ED will request..., according to the practices and metrics indicated. Copies of the proposed information collection request may...

  7. Adaptive Strategies in the Russian Vocational Education and Training System: Institutional Barriers and Rent-Seeking Behavior

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vyacheslav V.Volchik

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available The process of institutional change is going very rapidly in the Russian vocational education and training (VET system. If implemented reforms are inconsistent with present working rules and institutions in the field, it causes inefficiencies of the VET system and may result in institutional traps. The actors involved in the VET system are working in an increasingly demanding environment. They have to adapt their behaviors to complicated and constantly changing rules. Seeking to meet the requirements of students and employers, who operate under resource constraints, educational organizations undertake curriculum reductions to minimize costs. These measures usually result in low education outcomes and poor quality of education. In an attempt to identify adaptive behavioral patterns of actors involved in the educational process, we have conducted and analyzed 50 in-depth interviews with lecturers, managers and students within the educational organizations of Rostov region that offer VET programs. Our research aims to contribute to the understanding of the mechanisms of adaptation among academic staff members and VET students using the concepts of institutional economics and qualitative research methods.

  8. 75 FR 3199 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; 2011 New York City Housing and Vacancy Survey

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-20

    ..., Hispanic origin, and relationship of all household members; employment status, education level, and income... units. Utility costs, monthly rent, availability of kitchen and bathroom facilities, maintenance...

  9. Coordinated hybrid automatic repeat request

    KAUST Repository

    Makki, Behrooz

    2014-11-01

    We develop a coordinated hybrid automatic repeat request (HARQ) approach. With the proposed scheme, if a user message is correctly decoded in the first HARQ rounds, its spectrum is allocated to other users, to improve the network outage probability and the users\\' fairness. The results, which are obtained for single- and multiple-antenna setups, demonstrate the efficiency of the proposed approach in different conditions. For instance, with a maximum of M retransmissions and single transmit/receive antennas, the diversity gain of a user increases from M to (J+1)(M-1)+1 where J is the number of users helping that user.

  10. 48 CFR 570.403 - Expansion requests.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Expansion requests. 570.403 Section 570.403 Federal Acquisition Regulations System GENERAL SERVICES ADMINISTRATION SPECIAL... Continued Space Requirements 570.403 Expansion requests. (a) If the expansion space is in the general scope...

  11. 78 FR 149 - Proposed Collection: Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-02

    ... Bureau of the Public Debt Proposed Collection: Comment Request ACTION: Notice and request for comments... 1995, Public Law 104-13 (44 U.S.C. 3506(c)(2)(A). Currently the Bureau of the Public Debt within the... to Bureau of the Public Debt, Bruce A. Sharp, 200 Third Street A4-A, Parkersburg, WV 26106-1328, or...

  12. 75 FR 14659 - Proposed Collection: Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-26

    ... Bureau of the Public Debt Proposed Collection: Comment Request ACTION: Notice and request for comments... 1995, Public Law 104-13 (44 U.S.C. 3506(c)(2)(A). Currently the Bureau of the Public Debt within the... to Bureau of the Public Debt, Judi Owens, 200 Third Street, A4-A, Parkersburg, WV 26106-1328, or judi...

  13. 77 FR 5090 - Proposed Collection: Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-01

    ... Bureau of the Public Debt Proposed Collection: Comment Request ACTION: Notice and request for comments... 1995, Public Law 104-13 (44 U.S.C. 3506(c)(2)(A)). Currently the Bureau of the Public Debt within the... the Public Debt, Bruce A. Sharp, 200 Third Street A4-A, Parkersburg, WV 26106-1328, or [email protected

  14. 77 FR 38394 - Proposed Collection: Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-27

    ... Bureau of the Public Debt Proposed Collection: Comment Request ACTION: Notice and request for comments... 1995, Public Law 104-13 (44 U.S.C. 3506(c)(2)(A). Currently the Bureau of the Public Debt within the... consideration. ADDRESSES: Direct all written comments to Bureau of the Public Debt, Bruce A. Sharp, 200 Third...

  15. 77 FR 65248 - Proposed Collection: Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-25

    ... Bureau of the Public Debt Proposed Collection: Comment Request ACTION: Notice and request for comments... 1995, Public Law 104-13 (44 U.S.C. 3506(c)(2)(A). Currently the Bureau of the Public Debt within the... written comments to Bureau of the Public Debt, Bruce A. Sharp, 200 Third Street A4-A, Parkersburg, WV...

  16. 77 FR 65247 - Proposed Collection: Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-25

    ... Bureau of the Public Debt Proposed Collection: Comment Request ACTION: Notice and request for comments... 1995, Public Law 104-13 (44 U.S.C. 3506(c)(2)(A)). Currently the Bureau of the Public Debt within the... consideration. ADDRESSES: Direct all written comments to Bureau of the Public Debt, Bruce A. Sharp, 200 Third...

  17. 77 FR 32179 - Proposed Collection: Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-31

    ... Bureau of the Public Debt Proposed Collection: Comment Request ACTION: Notice and request for comments... 1995, Public Law 104-13 (44 U.S.C. 3506(c)(2)(A). Currently the Bureau of the Public Debt within the... to Bureau of the Public Debt, Bruce A. Sharp, 200 Third Street A4-A, Parkersburg, WV 26106-1328, or...

  18. 75 FR 5373 - Proposed Collection: Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-02

    ... Bureau of the Public Debt Proposed Collection: Comment Request ACTION: Notice and request for comments... 1995, Public Law 104-13 (44 U.S.C. 3506(c)(2)(A). Currently the Bureau of the Public Debt within the... consideration. ADDRESSES: Direct all written comments to Bureau of the Public Debt, Judi Owens, 200 Third Street...

  19. 77 FR 13175 - Proposed Collection: Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-05

    ... Bureau of the Public Debt Proposed Collection: Comment Request ACTION: Notice and request for comments... 1995, Public Law 104-13 (44 U.S.C. 3506(c)(2)(A). Currently the Bureau of the Public Debt within the... be assured of consideration. ADDRESSES: Direct all written comments to Bureau of the Public Debt...

  20. 77 FR 32178 - Proposed Collection: Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-31

    ... Bureau of the Public Debt Proposed Collection: Comment Request ACTION: Notice and request for comments... 1995, Public Law 104-13 (44 U.S.C. 3506(c)(2)(A). Currently the Bureau of the Public Debt within the... assured of consideration. ADDRESSES: Direct all written comments to Bureau of the Public Debt, Bruce A...

  1. 77 FR 43430 - Proposed Collection: Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-24

    ... Bureau of the Public Debt Proposed Collection: Comment Request ACTION: Notice and request for comments... 1995, Public Law 104-13 (44 U.S.C. 3506(c)(2)(A). Currently the Bureau of the Public Debt within the... be assured of consideration. ADDRESSES: Direct all written comments to Bureau of the Public Debt...

  2. 78 FR 25534 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-01

    ... Bureau of the Public Debt Proposed Collection; Comment Request ACTION: Notice and request for comments... 1995, Public Law 104-13 (44 U.S.C. 3506(c)(2)(A). Currently the Bureau of the Public Debt within the... assured of consideration. ADDRESSES: Direct all written comments to Bureau of the Public Debt, Bruce A...

  3. 77 FR 19424 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-30

    ... Bureau of the Public Debt Proposed Collection; Comment Request ACTION: Notice and request for comments... 1995, Public Law 104-13 (44 U.S.C. 3506(c)(2)(A). Currently the Bureau of the Public Debt within the...: Direct all written comments to Bureau of the Public Debt, Bruce A. Sharp, 200 Third Street A4-A...

  4. 75 FR 74148 - Proposed Collection: Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-30

    ... Bureau of the Public Debt Proposed Collection: Comment Request ACTION: Notice and request for comments... 1995, Public Law 104-13 (44 U.S.C. 3506(c)(2)(A)). Currently the Bureau of the Public Debt within the.... ADDRESSES: Direct all written comments to Bureau of the Public Debt, Robert Schumacher, 200 Third Street, A4...

  5. 76 FR 26801 - Proposed Collection: Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-09

    ... Bureau of the Public Debt Proposed Collection: Comment Request ACTION: Notice and request for comments... 1995, Public Law 104-13 (44 U.S.C. 3506(c)(2)(A). Currently the Bureau of the Public Debt within the..., to be assured of consideration. ADDRESSES: Direct all written comments to Bureau of the Public Debt...

  6. 77 FR 69547 - Proposed Collection: Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-19

    ... Bureau of the Public Debt Proposed Collection: Comment Request ACTION: Notice and request for comments... 1995, Public Law 104-13 (44 U.S.C. 3506(c)(2)(A). Currently the Bureau of the Public Debt within the..., Bureau of the Public Debt, 200 Third Street A4-A, Parkersburg, WV 26106-1328, (304) 480-8150...

  7. 77 FR 32181 - Proposed Collection: Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-31

    ... Bureau of the Public Debt Proposed Collection: Comment Request ACTION: Notice and request for comments... 1995, Public Law 104-13 (44 U.S.C. 3506(c)(2)(A)). Currently the Bureau of the Public Debt within the... written comments to Bureau of the Public Debt, Bruce A. Sharp, 200 Third Street A4-A, Parkersburg, WV...

  8. 75 FR 5372 - Proposed Collection: Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-02

    ... Bureau of the Public Debt Proposed Collection: Comment Request ACTION: Notice and request for comments... 1995, Public Law 104-13 (44 U.S.C. 3506(c)(2)(A). Currently the Bureau of the Public Debt within the... of the Public Debt, Judi Owens, 200 Third Street, A4-A, Parkersburg, WV 26106-1328, or [email protected

  9. 78 FR 25535 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-01

    ... Bureau of the Public Debt Proposed Collection; Comment Request ACTION: Notice and request for comments... 1995, Public Law 104-13 (44 U.S.C. 3506(c)(2)(A). Currently the Bureau of the Public Debt within the..., Bureau of the Public Debt, 200 Third Street A4-A, Parkersburg, WV 26106-1328, (304) 480-8150...

  10. 77 FR 74053 - Proposed Collection: Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-12

    ... Bureau of the Public Debt Proposed Collection: Comment Request ACTION: Notice and request for comments... 1995, Public Law 104-13 (44 U.S.C. 3506(c)(2)(A). Currently the Bureau of the Public Debt within the... written comments to Bureau of the Public Debt, Bruce A. Sharp, 200 Third Street A4-A, Parkersburg, WV...

  11. 77 FR 60026 - Proposed Collection: Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-01

    ... Bureau of the Public Debt Proposed Collection: Comment Request ACTION: Notice and request for comments... 1995, Public Law 104-13 (44 U.S.C. 3506(c)(2)(A). Currently the Bureau of the Public Debt within the... consideration. ADDRESSES: Direct all written comments to Bureau of the Public Debt, Bruce A. Sharp, 200 Third...

  12. 76 FR 26802 - Proposed Collection: Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-09

    ... Bureau of the Public Debt Proposed Collection: Comment Request ACTION: Notice and request for comments... 1995, Public Law 104-13 (44 U.S.C. 3506(c)(2)(A). Currently the Bureau of the Public Debt within the... assured of consideration. ADDRESSES: Direct all written comments to Bureau of the Public Debt, Bruce A...

  13. 77 FR 69548 - Proposed Collection: Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-19

    ... Bureau of the Public Debt Proposed Collection: Comment Request ACTION: Notice and request for comments... 1995, Public Law 104-13 (44 U.S.C. 3506(c)(2)(A). Currently the Bureau of the Public Debt within the... assured of consideration. ADDRESSES: Direct all written comments to Bureau of the Public Debt, Bruce A...

  14. 76 FR 6652 - Proposed Collection: Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-07

    ... Bureau of the Public Debt Proposed Collection: Comment Request ACTION: Notice and request for comments... 1995, Public Law 104-13 (44 U.S.C. 3506(c)(2)(A). Currently the Bureau of the Public Debt within the... of consideration. ADDRESSES: Direct all written comments to Bureau of the Public Debt, Robert...

  15. 78 FR 22040 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-12

    ... Bureau of the Public Debt Proposed Collection; Comment Request ACTION: Notice and request for comments... 1995, Public Law 104-13 (44 U.S.C. 3506(c)(2)(A)). Currently the Bureau of the Public Debt within the... consideration. ADDRESSES: Direct all written comments to Bureau of the Public Debt, Bruce A. Sharp, 200 Third...

  16. 78 FR 21706 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-11

    ... Bureau of the Public Debt Proposed Collection; Comment Request ACTION: Notice and request for comments... 1995, Public Law 104-13 (44 U.S.C. 3506(c)(2)(A). Currently the Bureau of the Public Debt within the... consideration. ADDRESSES: Direct all written comments to Bureau of the Public Debt, Bruce A. Sharp, 200 Third...

  17. 76 FR 61479 - Proposed Collection: Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-04

    ... Bureau of the Public Debt Proposed Collection: Comment Request ACTION: Notice and request for comments... 1995, Public Law 104-13 (44 U.S.C. 3506(c)(2)(A). Currently the Bureau of the Public Debt within the..., Bureau of the Public Debt, 200 Third Street A4-A, Parkersburg, WV 26106-1328, (304) 480-8150...

  18. 78 FR 25533 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-01

    ... Bureau of the Public Debt Proposed Collection; Comment Request ACTION: Notice and request for comments... 1995, Public Law 104-13 (44 U.S.C. 3506(c)(2)(A). Currently the Bureau of the Public Debt within the... to Bureau of the Public Debt, Bruce A. Sharp, 200 Third Street A4-A, Parkersburg, WV 26106-1328, or...

  19. 75 FR 14660 - Proposed Collection: Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-26

    ... Bureau of the Public Debt Proposed Collection: Comment Request ACTION: Notice and request for comments... 1995, Public Law 104-13 (44 U.S.C. 3506(c)(2)(A). Currently the Bureau of the Public Debt within the... Bureau of the Public Debt, Judi Owens, 200 Third Street, A4-A, Parkersburg, WV 26106-1328, or judi.owens...

  20. 33 CFR 133.11 - Request: Contents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 133.11 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) MARINE POLLUTION FINANCIAL RESPONSIBILITY AND COMPENSATION OIL SPILL LIABILITY TRUST FUND; STATE ACCESS § 133.11...) Indicate that the request is a State access request under 33 CFR part 133; (b) Give his or her name, title...