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Sample records for renowned educator benjamin

  1. Three Early Champions of Education: Benjamin Franklin, Benjamin Rush, and Noah Webster.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blinderman, Abraham

    Franklin as a stateman, Rush as a physician, and Webster as a linguist and political commentator believed in a "general diffusion of knowledge" and wrote liberally on education. They sincerely believed in education as a civilizing agent, so all three helped found schools and colleges. Franklin's interests were educational philosophy; starting an…

  2. A Roof without Walls: Benjamin Bloom's Taxonomy and the Misdirection of American Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Booker, Michael J.

    2007-01-01

    Plato wrote that higher order thinking could not start until the student had mastered conventional wisdom. The American educational establishment has turned Plato on his head with the help of a dubious approach to teaching developed by one Benjamin Bloom. Bloom's taxonomy was intended for higher education, but its misappropriation has resulted in…

  3. Creating the Connected Institution: Toward Realizing Benjamin Franklin and Ernest Boyer's Revolutionary Vision for American Higher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harkavy, Ira

    2015-01-01

    In this article, Ira Harkavy points to the beliefs that education and schooling significantly determine the character of a society, and that higher education has broad societal impacts, including helping to shape the rest of the schooling system. It is this core idea that unites the work of Benjamin Franklin and Ernest Boyer and serves as the…

  4. BENJAMIN HARRISON

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    GRANDSON of a President and great-grandson of a signer of the Declaration of Independence, Benjamin Harrison carried a distinguished American name into the White House, but historians generally agree that he added very little distinction to it during his stay there.

  5. Massenmedien und Bildung: Eine padagogische Interpretation der Adorno-Benjamin-Kontroverse (Mass Media and Education: A Pedagogical Interpretation of the Controversy between Theodore Adorno and Walter Benjamin).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Imai, Yasuo

    1997-01-01

    Gives a pedagogical interpretation of the controversy between Adorno (Theodore) and Benjamin (Walter). Sketches their different conceptions of what constitutes a pedagogical problem and discusses differences between their positions against the background of their shared concern, best described as "experiential poverty." (DSK)

  6. Walter Benjamins Berlin

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Walter Benjamin (1892-1940). Tolkning af alle 33 kapitler i Benjamins bybarndomserindringer fra Berlin i begyndelsen af det 20. århundrede.......Walter Benjamin (1892-1940). Tolkning af alle 33 kapitler i Benjamins bybarndomserindringer fra Berlin i begyndelsen af det 20. århundrede....

  7. Dialektisk billede af Benjamin

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bøggild, Jacob

    2004-01-01

    Anmeldelse af Lars Brückner: "Løse blade. Læseren, kritikeren og fortælleren Walter Benjamin"......Anmeldelse af Lars Brückner: "Løse blade. Læseren, kritikeren og fortælleren Walter Benjamin"...

  8. Benjamin, leitor de Kierkegaard

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carla Milani Damião

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Trata-se de uma apresentação sobre a manifestação de interesse de Walter Benjamin por Kierkegaard. Buscamos nas referências ao pensamento do filósofo dinarmaquês explícitas em seus escritos, mapear citações e indicações, além da resenha que Benjamin escreveu sobre a obra Kierkegaard de Adorno. Levou-se em consideração comentários de alguns intérpretes de Kierkegaard e de Benjamin que se ocuparam da aproximação entre os dois filósofos. Desta apresentação, indicamos um vínculo teórico de virtual importância, presente na obra de Benjamin sobre o drama barroco alemão.

  9. Benjamin Franklin Street Academy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wohl, Seth F.

    In this evaluation report of the sixth year of operation of the Benjamin Franklin-Urban League Street Academy in New York City, it is recommended that the program be continued for the seventh year despite the poorer than expected student gains in all studied components and the sporadic student attendance pattern and high dropout rate. Students…

  10. Benjamin Vassermanile preemiad

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Graafik Benjamin Vasserman pälvis kolme digitaalse graafilise lehe eest žürii kiituse Ungaris Györis toimunud biennaalil "The Master of Drawing and Graphic Arts" ning II preemia nelja lehe eest Leedus Vilniuses toimunud VI rahvusvahelisel väikegraafika triennaalil. Eestist osalesid veel Reti Saks ja Kelli Valk

  11. Benjamin Vassermanile preemiad

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Graafik Benjamin Vasserman pälvis kolme digitaalse graafilise lehe eest žürii kiituse Ungaris Györis toimunud biennaalil "The Master of Drawing and Graphic Arts" ning II preemia nelja lehe eest Leedus Vilniuses toimunud VI rahvusvahelisel väikegraafika triennaalil. Eestist osalesid veel Reti Saks ja Kelli Valk

  12. Benjamin Wasserman Itaalias auhinnatud

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2000-01-01

    26. III-2. IV Itaalias toimunud II ülemaailmsel väikegraafika ja -maali näitusel "Pisa 2000" pälvis Benjamin Vasserman finalisti diplomi koos õigusega osaleda finalistide grupinäitusel. I preemia - Ana Maria Mafra.

  13. Chinese Renowned Oil Experts Enjoys Russian Reputation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2003-01-01

    @@ A ceremony was held at Petroleum University in Beijing on September 30, 2003, at which Russia's Academy of Natural Sciences awarded Dr. Wang Tao and Professor Zhang Yiwei as its academicians for their remarkable achievements in the petroleum geological field and their outstanding contributions in the petroleum educational field.

  14. Benjamin Franklin and medicine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hirschmann, J V

    2005-12-01

    Benjamin Franklin, called Dr. Franklin after receiving an honorary degree in 1759 for his contributions to understanding electricity, was not formally trained as a physician. Nevertheless, he had numerous interests in medicine, including experimentation, shrewd observations about health and disease in himself and others, civic activities, and inventions of medical devices. These achievements show his capacity for detailed, perceptive insights; his fastidiousness in recording his observations; and his thoughtful analyses of scientific phenomena and human conduct. In medicine, perhaps uniquely in his life, his major interests intersected: scientific pursuits, civic activities, amused scrutiny of human behavior, and the desire to improve the lot of his fellow man.

  15. Walter Benjamin and 'materialism'

    OpenAIRE

    Homburg, Phillip

    2016-01-01

    This thesis examines the emergence of Walter Benjamin’s materialism, within his early\\ud thought, from within the context of post-Kantian philosophy. The original contribution\\ud made by this thesis is that it differentiates Benjamin’s materialism from both Romanticism\\ud and neo-Kantianism, on the one side, and empiricism, on the other. In contrast to those\\ud who identify Benjamin as a practitioner of a Romantic form of immanence, a neo-Kantian\\ud or a mystical empiricist, I place Benjamin’...

  16. A Story of Benjamin Franklin

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘小军

    2015-01-01

    Benjamin Franklin is forever remembered as"Doctor Franklin",philosopher,scientist and political leader.He built U.S.A.,for what the nation is today is largely due to the forethought,the wisdom,and the ability of Benjamin Franklin~①.Franklin’s life is full of

  17. A Propaedeutic to Walter Benjamin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Socher, David

    2009-01-01

    The Emerson College Web site on Walter Benjamin's essay "The Work of Art in an Age of Mechanical Reproduction" nicely animates some ideas of the essay. One such idea is the following: "To an ever greater degree the work of art reproduced becomes the work of art designed for reproducibility." When Benjamin wrote this essay and this maxim, Norman…

  18. Interview with Benjamin Halligan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo Bergamin Conter

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Benjamin Halligan is Director of the Graduate Programme for the School of Media, Music and Performance at the University of Salford. His publications include Michael Reeves (Manchester University Press, 2003, Mark E. Smith and The Fall: Art, Music and Politics (Ashgate, 2010; co-edited with Michael Goddard, The Music Documentary: Acid Rock to Electropop (Routledge, 2013, co-edited with Rob Edgar and Kirsty Fairclough-Isaacs. He has published on disco music music and and science fiction, The Sarajevo Documentary School, Dušan Makavejev, Frank Zappa, Andrei Tarkovsky and the British Royal Family. Resonances: Noise and Contemporary Music, co-edited with Michael Goddard and Nicola Spelman, has been published by Bloomsbury in 2013, and is the companion volume to Reverberations: The Philsophy, Aesthetics and Politics of Noise (Continuum, 2013; co-edited with Michael Goddard and Paul Hegarty. The following interview occurred at The Cornerhouse, in the city of Manchester, England, in june 2013. Benjamin speaks about topics related to the two books he recently organized with co-workers at the University of Salford, Reverberations: the philosophy, aesthetics and politics of noise, and Resonances: noise and contemporary music.

  19. Benjamin's Theory of the Lyric

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David E. Wellbery

    1986-09-01

    Full Text Available The paper reconstructs the argument of Benjamin's early Hölderlin essay, with special emphasis on the notion of das Gedichtete . This notion is shown to name a fundamental dissonance between two semiotic modalities, graphics and Gestalt .

  20. Last Tribute to Professor Zheng Chengsi, Renowned IP Law Scholar

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    On 10 September 2006, Professor Zheng Chengsi, the renowned Chinese IP law scholar, Chairman of the IP Law Society of the China Law Society, Vice-President of the Copyright Society of China, and member of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, passed away in Beijing at the age of 62.

  1. The Way to Achieve Chinese Dream:Pragmatism of Benjamin Franklin

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘婕

    2016-01-01

    Benjamin Franklin is the Father of America. He is the pioneer of achieving the American dream. His pragmatism, which is the basis of American's values. The essay conclude the Benjamin Franklin's devotion on friendship, education, diplo-macy and writing in order to give some inspirations for us to achieve the Chinese dream.

  2. Walter Benjamin's Conception of Experience: A Way of Thinking about Otherness in Educational Context

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsuji, Atsuko

    2014-01-01

    In the context of educational practice and research, the individual is often understood in terms of autonomy. From this point of view, we will see our experience as cumulative, as inside of us, and as strengthening us against others. It means that the conception of experience tends to be understood primarily in relation to usefulness. In search of…

  3. Mourning for renowned pharmacologist Professor Geng-Tao Liu

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Lian-Sheng Ma

    2010-01-01

    At 22:08 h on February 27, 2010, Professor Geng-Tao Liu, a renowned pharmacologist affiliated with the Department of Pharmacology, Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing, an academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering, a doctoral tutor, and a member of World Journal of Gastroenterology (WJG) Editorial Board, passed away at Peking Union Medical College Hospital, at the age of 77 years (Figure 1).

  4. Connect the Book. Benjamin Franklin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brodie, Carolyn S.

    2004-01-01

    This article presents a brief review of James Cross Giblin's "The Amazing Life of Benjamin Franklin" (Scholastic, 2000). This book provides a real look at the life of one of America's most famous statesmen who was also a printer, inventor, and writer. The book additionally includes a chronology of Franklin's life, information about his many…

  5. Benjamin Franklin and Mesmerism, revisited.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McConkey, Kevin M; Perry, Campbell

    2002-10-01

    The authors revisit and update their previous historiographical note (McConkey & Perry, 1985) on Benjamin Franklin's involvement with and investigation of animal magnetism or mesmerism. They incorporate more recent literature and offer additional comment about Franklin's role in and views about mesmerism. Franklin had a higher degree of personal involvement with and a more detailed opinion of mesmerism than has been previously appreciated.

  6. Eesti graafika rahvusvahelisel areenil / Benjamin Vasserman

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vasserman, Benjamin

    1999-01-01

    26. VIII-28. XI Fredrikstadis Hebleri-nim. rahvusvahelises graafikakeskuses avatud XII Norra rahvusvahelisel graafikatriennaalil esindavad Eestit Anu Kalm, Avo Keerend, Vive Tolli, Benjamin Vasserman, Mare Vint. Peapreemia ئ Anthony Hill. Triennaali president - Herman Hebler (s. 1911). 24. VI-15. IX Poolas toimunud X Lodzi rahvusvahelisel väikegraafika triennaalil osalesid Eestist Virge Jõekalda, Benjamin Vasserman.

  7. Eesti graafika rahvusvahelisel areenil / Benjamin Vasserman

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vasserman, Benjamin

    1999-01-01

    26. VIII-28. XI Fredrikstadis Hebleri-nim. rahvusvahelises graafikakeskuses avatud XII Norra rahvusvahelisel graafikatriennaalil esindavad Eestit Anu Kalm, Avo Keerend, Vive Tolli, Benjamin Vasserman, Mare Vint. Peapreemia ئ Anthony Hill. Triennaali president - Herman Hebler (s. 1911). 24. VI-15. IX Poolas toimunud X Lodzi rahvusvahelisel väikegraafika triennaalil osalesid Eestist Virge Jõekalda, Benjamin Vasserman.

  8. Walter Benjamin , leitor das Flores do mal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dolf Oehler

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available O texto conta a história da leitura de Baudelaire por Benjamin. Desde as traduções mal recebidas ao projeto das Passagens. Leitor fraterno, Benjamin vive as mesmas condições do poeta – sem domicílio, sem biblioteca, sem posição social. Assim consegue apreender profundamente a poesia baudelairiana.Abstract: The text tells the story of the work of Benjamin about Baudelaire. Since the first translations to the Passagenwerk Project. As a fraternal reader, Benjamin lives the same conditions of the poet – without a home, without a library, without a social position. These similarities make possible to him to understand profoundly Baudelaire’s poetry.Keywords: Benjamin; Baudelaire; poetry; city. Dolf Oehler é professor Emérito de Literatura Comparada da Universidade de Bonn

  9. Benjamin Franklin and the neurosciences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Finger, Stanley

    2006-01-01

    Benjamin Franklin (1706-1790), who is better known in other fields, especially colonial politics and international diplomacy, was an early, major contributor to the neurosciences from the New World. Among his accomplishments are: experiments on medical electricity as a possible cure for the palsies and hysteria; the first descriptions of how electricity affecting the brain can cause a specific type of amnesia; supporting the idea that cranial shocks might provide a cure for melancholia; showing that the cures performed by the Mesmerists to remove obstructions, including nerve blockages, rest on gullibility and suggestion, and recognizing the dangers, including those to the nerves, posed by exposure to lead. Franklin?s neuroscience was firmly based on experiments, careful observations, and hard data ? and finding clinical relevance for new discoveries was always on his mind.

  10. Benjamin and Koolhaas: History's Afterlife

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    Frances Hsu

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Dialectical images are at the core of the methods suggested by two books written four decades apart yet published around the same time. The Arcades Project (first published as Das Passagen-Werk in 1981 and Delirious New York (1978 use images to critique established modes of historical interpretation. Each proposes a methodology of historical speculation based on the interpretation of fragmentary visual phenomena. Both construct alternative historical narratives about the impact of technology, mass culture and economy on the city. This essay contrasts and compares the similarities and differences between the respective authors’ treatments of the nineteenth century arcade and the Manhattan skyscraper to examine how the strategies and definitions suggested by Benjamin and Koolhaas address the function of images as tools for critical architectural analysis and knowledge.

  11. El enigma de Walter Benjamin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javier Sigüenza

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available El siguiente ensayo inicia reconstruyendo el relato de los últimos días de la vida de Walter Benjamin, en el contexto histórico de la Segunda Guerra Mundial, y la existencia de un misterioso manuscrito perdido en su frustrada huida por la frontera franco-española en 1940; en la segunda parte se intenta descifrar la enigmática fisionomía del pensador berlinés, cuya perspectiva múltiple, tanto en lo teórico como en lo político, lo convierten en un autor incomprendido, pero tremendamente fascinante; en la tercera parte se explora uno de sus textos más herméticos, conocido como las tesis Sobre el concepto de historia, con la intención de poner de manifiesto el carácter crítico de su discurso, como clave para comprender los enigmas del mundo moderno y su necesaria transformación revolucionaria.

  12. Walter Benjamin Confidente de Adorno e Horkheimer na Dialetica do Esclarecimento (Walter Benjamin, Confidant of Adorno and Horkheimer in the Dialectic of the Enlightenment).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pucci, Bruno

    2000-01-01

    Explains that Benjamin, Adorno, and Horkheimer developed philosophical and aesthetic experiences concerning topics of the moment based on similar presuppositions and ideas. Approaches two areas within the confidentiality shared by the interliniation of the Dialectic of the Enlightenment: critique of history as progress and education of the senses.…

  13. Eestlased graafikanäitustel / Benjamin Vasserman

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vasserman, Benjamin

    1999-01-01

    IV Kochi graafikatriennaalil Jaapanis 13. III-18. IV osales Eestist Benjamin Vasserman tööga "Vaheldus I". Peapreemia: Eduardo Roca Zalazar. XIV rahvusvahelisel graafikanäitusel "Premio Internationale Biella per I'Incisione" Itaalias 23. IV-23. V osalesid Eestist Peeter Allik, Reti Saks, Benjamin Vasserman. Näituse nimeline preemia: Seung Yeon Kim. 26. VIII avati Fredrikstadis 12. Norra rahvusvaheline graafikatriennaal. 5. nov. avatakse X Varna graafikabiennaal Bulgaarias, 15. XII ئ III Egiptuse graafikatriennaal Gizas. "International Print Triennial Cracow 2000" näitustest

  14. Eestlased graafikanäitustel / Benjamin Vasserman

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vasserman, Benjamin

    1999-01-01

    IV Kochi graafikatriennaalil Jaapanis 13. III-18. IV osales Eestist Benjamin Vasserman tööga "Vaheldus I". Peapreemia: Eduardo Roca Zalazar. XIV rahvusvahelisel graafikanäitusel "Premio Internationale Biella per I'Incisione" Itaalias 23. IV-23. V osalesid Eestist Peeter Allik, Reti Saks, Benjamin Vasserman. Näituse nimeline preemia: Seung Yeon Kim. 26. VIII avati Fredrikstadis 12. Norra rahvusvaheline graafikatriennaal. 5. nov. avatakse X Varna graafikabiennaal Bulgaarias, 15. XII ئ III Egiptuse graafikatriennaal Gizas. "International Print Triennial Cracow 2000" näitustest

  15. Análise crítica do desempenho evolutivo da visão subnormal no Instituto Benjamin Constant Critical analysis of the progressive performance of low vision in Benjamin Constant Institute

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helder Alves da Costa Filho

    2005-12-01

    Constant Institute from October 1, 1990 to december 20, 2002: a 1991 - starting assistance; b 1995 - medical pedagogic integration; c 2002 - present-day situation. We considered in this analysis as indicators: I - Low Vision Assistance, II - Low Vision sector in the Benjamin Constant Institute, III - Associates. RESULTS: This study demonstrated an increase in assistance, reaching a wider spectrum of patients after medical-pedagogic integration. Other indicators, such as physician capacitation, participation in Benjamin Constant Capacitation Courses, increase in orienta tion to institutions, schools and others and referrals to the Benjamin Constant Institute, and Rehabilitation also attest the effectiveness of the Low Vision sector of the Benjamin Constant Institute. CONCLUSIONS: The Low Vision sector proved to be the interface between the Medical and Pedagogic Departments, and later on the Rehabilitation and Physical Education Coordination sectors. This has implied alterations in the way to manage the low-vision patient, not only regarding the regular Benjamin Constant Institute student as well as any other patient in the community. The Benjamin Constant Institute proved its importance as regards inclusion policy.

  16. Walter Benjamin in the Age of Digital Reproduction: Aura in Education--A Rereading of "The Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peim, Nick

    2007-01-01

    This paper considers a key text in the field of Cultural Studies for its relevance to questions about the identity of knowledge in education. The concept of "aura" arises as being of special significance in "The Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction" as a way of understanding the change that occurs to art when mass reproduction becomes…

  17. Benjamin Franklin High School Unit Program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wohl, Seth F.

    The Benjamin Franklin High School Unit Program in New York City was designed to overcome the serious academic deficiencies identified as criterion for entry into the program: retardation in reading and mathematics and to improve attitudes toward school, increase classroom attendance and participation, reduce the dropout rate, improve self-image…

  18. Benjamin Franklin and Shock-Induced Amnesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Finger, Stanley; Zaromb, Franklin

    2006-01-01

    Shock-induced amnesia received considerable attention after Cerletti popularized electroconvulsive shock therapy in the late 1930s. Yet, often overlooked is the fact that Benjamin Franklin recognized that passing electricity through the head could affect memory for the traumatic event. Franklin described his findings on himself and others in…

  19. Benjamin Constant. Ontdekker van de moderne vrijheid

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Hert, Paul; Kinneging, A.; Colette, M.

    2015-01-01

    In 1806 analyseerde de Zwitsers-Franse politicus, filosoof en essayist Benjamin Constant (1767-1830) de moderne samenleving in zijn bekende boek Principes de politique. Uit dit klassiek geworden werk spreekt Constant’s ambivalentie en gevoel van nuance en subtiliteit. De “moderne” individuele

  20. Children, Redemption and Remembrance in Walter Benjamin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jessop, Sharon

    2013-01-01

    Walter Benjamin wrote extensively on children and childhood, though this aspect of his work has hitherto received scant attention despite continuing and growing interest in his thought. This article makes explicit the connection between his acute observations of childhood and his distinctive messianic philosophy. The twin aspects of redemption in…

  1. Benjamin Banneker and the Law of Sines

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahoney, John F.

    2005-01-01

    Benjamin Banneker, a self-taught mathematician, surveyor and astronomer published annual almanacs containing his astronomical observations and predictions. Banneker who also used logarithms to apply the Law of Sines believed that the method used to solve a mathematical problem depends on the tools available.

  2. Benjamin Franklin:Deist,Agnostic,or Atheist?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Eric Luther Newhall

    1997-01-01

    Benjamin Franklin’s religious beliefs have long been a subject of both interest andcontroversy. He has been viewed variously as an atheist, a deist, and an orthodoxChristian. He tells us in his autobiography that during his youth in Boston he was "pointedat with Horror by Good People, as an Infidel or Atheist. Leo Lemay. pointing to

  3. Educação e experiência: veredas possíveis entre Guimarães Rosa, M. Blanchot e W. Benjamin = Education and experience: possible paths between Guimarães Rosa, M. Blanchot and W. Benjamin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Menezes, Magali Mendes de

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available O presente texto tem como objetivo analisar a obra Grande sertão: veredas de Guimarães Rosa, um importante nome da literatura brasileira. O fio condutor desta análise é o conceito de experiência presente no pensamento de Maurice Blanchot e Walter Benjamin. A experiência aparece aqui tanto para compreender o exercício da escrita, enquanto narrativa, como para compreender a relação do ser humano com o mundo. Nesta compreensão buscarse- a pensar a relação possível entre a literatura, filosofia e educação, em um diálogo constante com a própria vida

  4. Walter Benjamin: History, Experience, and Modernity

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    Mario Alejandro Molano

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Since the end of the 20th century, there has been increasing research on modernity, especially on different segments of the cultural field. Read in this context, the works of Walter Benjamin acquire great value. The article explores four of Benjamin’s themes: a some aspects of his concept of history; b the concept of experience, in order to show its historical-critical dimension regarding the rise of modern culture; c the affinities between the way he allegorical view is developed in German Baroque drama and the way in which Baudelaire deals with the issues of modernity; and d elements of some cultural forms of modern art that Benjamin is interested in.

  5. Walter Benjamin: historia, experiencia y modernidad

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mario Alejandro Molano

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Desde finales del siglo XX, las investigaciones sobre modernidad, orientadas hacia distintos segmentos del campo cultural, han venido ganando un enorme terreno. Las obras de Walter Benjamin, leídas en esta perspectiva, cobran un gran valor. Se busca explorar cuatro temas benjaminianos: a algunos aspectos de su concepto de historia; b el concepto de experiencia, para mostrar su dimensión histórico-crítica con respecto al ascenso de la cultura moderna; c las afinidades entre el modo en que se desarrolla la visión alegórica en el drama barroco alemán y el modo en que Baudelaire afronta las problemáticas de la modernidad; d elementos de algunas formas culturales del arte moderno que entusiasman a Benjamin.

  6. Benjamin Friedman on Arabs in Israeli literature

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    H. F. van Rooy

    1982-05-01

    Full Text Available Benjamin Friedman was working on a thesis for his doctorate at the University of Potchefstroom when he passed away in 1979. He was immensely interested in the way the Israeli Hebrew writers pictured the Arabs in their fiction and had done a massive amount of research when he died. He was therefore unable to complete his research and to present his views in a complete study. He did, however, leave a manuscript which reflected his research and conclusions. This was edited by his family' and the University of Potchefstroom gave recognition to his work by awarding him the degree M.A. posthumously. The writer of this paper added a chapter to Mr . Friedman’s manuscript, summarising his main views on the topic. Menahem D. Rotshtein’s paper on this same subject prompted me to present Benjamin Friedman’s view on this important subject, in aid of further research and discussion.

  7. Benjamin leitor de Brecht: cinema e distanciamento

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    Bruna Della Torre de Carvalho Lima

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The influence of Bertolt Brecht on Walter Benjamin is usually related to the assimilation of the critical Marxist tradition by the latter. The present article seeks to carry out an immanent and theoretical critique of the work of both authors, pursuing to investigate other possible aspects of this influence. On that ground, the goal is to demonstrate that the "distancing effect" (Verfremdungseffekt in German employed by Brecht in his epic theatre plays a crucial role in the way Benjamin analyses the art of filming and appears in the four versions of the "The work of art in the age of mechanical reproduction" essay, as well as in his theory about the "aura".

  8. A modernidade pelo olhar de Walter Benjamin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D'Angelo Martha

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available O OBJETIVO do artigo é traçar um perfil da modernidade tomando como referência os ensaios "Paris capital do século XIX" e "Paris do Segundo Império em Baudelaire", de Walter Benjamin. O texto pretende revelar as relações entre o processo revolucionário francês, a mercantilização da sociedade e da arte e a obra poética de Baudelaire.

  9. O ideal de Baudelaire por Walter Benjamin Baudelaire's ideal by Walter Benjamin

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    Luciano Ferreira Gatti

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available O artigo examina a interpretação feita por Walter Benjamin dos poemas de Charles Baudelaire marcados pela noção de ideal, a qual se opõe ao spleen. Benjamin encontra aí o esforço de rememoração de uma experiência plena, a qual constituiria, por sua vez, um elemento essencial à compreensão da modernidade como impossibilidade desta forma de experiência. Com as noções de beleza e de aura, o artigo busca ainda salientar a importância da categoria da distância para a configuração desta forma de experiência.This paper examines the interpretation made by Walter Benjamin of Baudelaire's poems determined by the notion of Ideal, which is opposed to the concept of spleen. The Ideal is identified by Benjamin as the effort of remembrance of a full experience, which constitutes an essential element to the understanding of modernity as the impossibility of such kind of experience. At last the explanation of the concepts of beauty and aura is introduced to emphasize the importance of the category of distance to the configuration of this form of experience.

  10. Kafka, Benjamin e Derrida: diante da lei

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carla Rodrigues

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available ResumoEste artigo propõe articular três autores judeus — Kafka, Benjamin e Derrida, dispostos por mim nessa ordem a partir de uma perspectiva temporal — a partir da percepção de que suas obras podem ter em comum a experiência da linguagem como experiência de impossibilidade e como resistência à passagem para a modernidade. Para isso, discuto a parábola “Diante da lei”, de Kafka, comparada por Benjamin aos ensinamentos judaicos e percebida por Derrida como condição intrínseca do leitor: estar diante de um texto cuja lei de acesso nunca é dada.Palavras-chave: linguagem, desconstrução, judaísmoAbstractThis paper intends to discuss three Jewish authors — Kafka, Benjamin and Derrida, arranged by me in that or der from a temporal perspective — from the perception that their works share the experience of  language as an experience of impossibility and as resistance against the passage into modernity. To do so, I discuss Kafka’s parable “Beforethe Law”, which was compared by Benjamin to Jewish teachings and perceived by Derrida as an intrinsic condition of the reader: standing before a text whose access law is never given.Keywords: Language, deconstruction, judaismCarla Rodrigues é professora do Departamento de Filosofia da UFRJ (PPGF/IFCS/UFRJ, doutora e mestre em Filosofia (PUC-Rio; realizou pesquisa de pós-doutorado (IEL/Unicamp como bolsista PDJ/CNPq. É vice-coordenadora do Khôra – laboratório de filosofias da alteridade (UFRJ/CNPq e do GT Desconstrução, linguagem e alteridade (ANPOF. É autora, entre outros, de Coreografias do feminino (Ed. Mulheres, 2009 e Duas palavras sobre o feminino – hospitalidade e responsabilidade, sobre ética e política em Derrida (NAU Editora/Faperj, 2013.carla@ifcs.ufrj.br 

  11. Walter Benjamin ja lugemismõnu / Aija Sakova-Merivee

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sakova-Merivee, Aija, 1980-

    2014-01-01

    Arvustus: Benjamin, Walter. Lapsepõlv Berliinis 1900. aasta paiku : valik esseid. II / Walter Benjamin ; saksa keelest tõlkinud Mati Sirkel ; koostanud ja järelsõna: Marek Tamm. Tallinn : Kultuurileht, 2014. (Loomingu raamatukogu ; 2014, nr. 9/11)

  12. Walter Benjamin ja lugemismõnu / Aija Sakova-Merivee

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sakova-Merivee, Aija, 1980-

    2014-01-01

    Arvustus: Benjamin, Walter. Lapsepõlv Berliinis 1900. aasta paiku : valik esseid. II / Walter Benjamin ; saksa keelest tõlkinud Mati Sirkel ; koostanud ja järelsõna: Marek Tamm. Tallinn : Kultuurileht, 2014. (Loomingu raamatukogu ; 2014, nr. 9/11)

  13. Benjamin y Wittgenstein en torno al lenguaje de los hombres

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kenneth Moreno May

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo se confrontan las imágenes de Ludwig Wittgenstein y Walter Benjamin en torno al lenguaje; se toma como punto de partida el Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus de Wittgenstein, y otros textos de su obra madura, comparándolos con algunos textos de la juventud de Benjamin, entre los que resalta, Sobre el lenguaje en general y el lenguaje de los humanos. Los objetivos generales son dos: Por un lado, mostrar como ambos autores confluyen desde caminos diferentes hacia el mismo punto. Por otro lado, exponer la manera como Benjamin se adelanta al Wittgenstein maduro mostrando las conexiones del lenguaje y espiritualidad a través de lo que Benjamin llama “facultad mimética” de la naturaleza y del ser humano. A partir de esta reflexión se mantiene con Benjamin una postura crítica respecto a la obra del joven Wittgenstein.

  14. Final Report of the Evaluation of the Benjamin Franklin Urban League Street Academy, ESEA Title I 1969-1970.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teaching and Learning Research Corp., New York, NY.

    The purpose of the Benjamin Franklin Urban League Street Academy Program is to help students stay in school, help dropouts to return to school, or help students enter the job market. The program was evaluated in three categories: East Side Cluster Service, summer enrichment, and educational programs. The major evaluation objectives were to…

  15. Final Report of the Evaluation of the 1970-71 Benjamin Franklin Urban League Street Academy. ESEA Title I.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erickson, Edsel; Wortham, James

    The objective of the Benjamin Franklin Urban League Street Academy, funded under Title I of the Elementary Secondary Education Act of 1965, is to help students to stay in school or to help dropouts to return to school, or enter the world of work prepared and motivated to adjust and achieve satisfactorily. The major evaluation objectives of this…

  16. Benjamin & Schmitt: uma arqueologia da exceção Benjamin & Schmitt: an archeology of exception

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Annie Dymetman

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Situados em pólos opostos da vida ideológica e cultural européia dos anos 20 e 30 do século passado, Walter Benjamin e Carl Schmitt são protagonistas em um complexo jogo de afinidade e repulsa no plano das suas concepções básicas, articuladas em torno do tema do excesso. A autora propõe uma hermenêutica do excesso.Situated at opposed poles of the ideological and cultural life in the twenties and thirties of the last century. Walter Benjamin and Carl Schmitt are protagonists in a complex play of affinity and repulsion on the level of their basic conceptions, which are built around the theme of excess. The author proposes an hermeneutic of excess.

  17. The Death and Life of Walter Benjamin

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    David Kishik

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available What if Walter Benjamin actually made it to New York as he was escaping the Nazis, settling there for the rest of his long life? What if he was working on a sequel to his Arcades Project, translating his ideas about Paris, capital of the nineteenth century, to his new city and own epoch? And what if I inadvertently discovered the manuscript of this so-called Manhattan Project, and decided to write a study dedicated to the unearthed text? This paper offers a few reflections on, and quotations from, the book that I am currently, truly working on, which is an analysis of a phantom of a book, inspired by a real collection of reflections and quotations that were made in preparation for another book that was also never written.

  18. The Curious Case of Benjamin Button

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李群干; 李春

    2010-01-01

    一个奇异的开始,注定了奇异的结束;一个魔幻的故事,谱写着非凡的人生;一个青春活泼的女孩,与传奇老小孩心灵相通,结下了牵挂一生的誓言,演绎了一出生离死别、百转千回的至情至爱的史诗。《返老还童》(The Curious Case of Benjamin Button),一个时空交错的故事,一个垂死弥留之际的人生追忆,一段跌宕冗长、历史沧桑的叙述,让读者嗅到了生命的凄凉,爱的无奈……

  19. Lenguaje y violencia entre Benjamin y Canetti

    OpenAIRE

    Esposito, Roberto

    2006-01-01

    En este artículo, se pone en cuestión el tópico según el cual habría una contraposición absoluta entre comunicación y violencia, entre lenguaje y poder. Este tópico está presente en el habla común y entre los filósofos, como es el caso de Arendt, Apel y Habermas. Para someterlo a revisión, Esposito se sirve de tres autores —Benjamin, Blanchot y Canetti— y va mostrando la progresión crítica que conduce hasta el autor de Masa y poder. Para Canetti, la violenc...

  20. Ethnobotanical survey of Zagori (Epirus, Greece), a renowned centre of folk medicine in the past.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vokou, D; Katradi, K; Kokkini, S

    1993-08-01

    Zagori is a group of villages in and around the National Park of Vikos-Aoos, in Epirus, north-west Greece. It was renowned in previous centuries as a major centre of folk medicine, and its practitioners, called 'vikoyiatri' or 'komboyiannites', were famous beyond the borders of Greece. Given the rich biological and cultural heritage of Zagori, we have tried to evaluate the present status concerning the medicinal flora of the area and its uses in the everyday life of the Zagori inhabitants. About 100 plants and their uses for therapeutic and other purposes are reported. Information included comes from both literature sources and interviewed informants. Traditional healing has not been altogether wiped out of Zagori. However, it no longer reflects the famous past and rich medicinal flora of the area.

  1. Radioactivity of sand from several renowned public beaches and assessment of the corresponding environmental risks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MIRJANA B. RADENKOVIĆ

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available The radiological risk due to the presence of natural and man-made radionuclides in beach sands from several renowned seaside and riverbank public beaches was estimated in this study. The exposure levels to terrestrial radiation of the beaches were determined, as well as hazards due to human use of the analyzed sands in industry and in building constructions. Specific radionuclides concentrations in the sand samples were determined by standard gamma-spectrometry. The corresponding radiation hazards arising due to the use of sand as a building material were estimated by three different radiological hazard indices. The total absorbed gamma dose rate in the air was determined and the corresponding annual effective dose outdoors was estimated. The obtained data are relevant both from human health and environmental monitoring aspects.

  2. The Benjamin Franklin High School Urban League Street Academies Program. Evaluation of ESEA Title I Projects in New York City, 1967-68.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guerriero, Michael A.

    This New York City school district educational project sought to locate actual dropouts and identify potential dropouts from Benjamin Franklin High School, and to involve them in the Urban Street Academy Program as a means of resolving their school problems and helping them continue their education. The objectives of the Academy were (1)…

  3. Walter Benjamin, historia cultural y fotografía

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Isabel Zapata Villamil

    2004-06-01

    Full Text Available In this article we will see that Walter Benjamin's construction of a concept of history is not based only on thinkers like Marx, Freud or Nietzsche. For Benjamin, certain works of art were sources of great inspiration. Besides pointing out this wide range of sources, my interest is in highlighting Benjamin’sinterest in images as sources. Benjamin considers iconography, mass production of art and technical aspects of photographic reproduction.//A lo largo de este artículo veremos cómo Walter Benjamin no se basará únicamente en pensadores como Marx, Freud y Nietzsche para construir su concepción de la historia. Para él serán también fuentes de inspiración fundamental algunas obras artísticas. Además de destacar esta amplia gama de fuentes mi interés es resaltar su acercamiento a estas últimas, principalmente con relación a las imágenes. Para referirse a ellas Benjamin considerará: La interpretación de lo iconográfico, la consideración del arte de masas y el estudio de la técnica reproductiva.

  4. Bakhtin and Benjamin: On Goethe and Other Matters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tatiana Bubnova

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available This article re-examines the affinities and differences between the thought of Bakhtin and Benjamin. Both are important to that branch of contemporary philosophy which analyzes the destinies of the 20th century and belong to the present-day post-secular epoch. Both understand our world by reviewing our lived experiences, to find elements that help us evaluate it and provide an orientation for our present situation. There are similarities in the reception of their ideas. In Latin America, Bakhtin and Benjamin are frequently interpreted in a political sense and serve as a basis for thinking about historical events and the facts of contemporary culture. The works of Benjamin are more frequently published, disseminated, and commented upon than those of Bakhtin. The main focus of this article is to study how Goethe served as a catalyst or pivot for the particular illuminations of both thinkers. In this perspective, Bakhtin and Benjamin are seen as two communicating vessels, despite their differences on questions of language, the role that Kant plays in their thinking, or the texts that interested them. Bakhtin’s materialistic conception of language is quite opposed to the messianic mysticism of Benjamin.

  5. Walter Benjamin: un melanconico allievo di Aby Warburg

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    Marco Bertozzi

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Walter Benjamin tried to get in touch with Panofsky and the Warburg’s circle, but the attempt failed. This article examines the chapter on melancholy of Benjamin’s The Origin of the German Tragic Drama (1928 and his main sources, i. e. Warburg’s essay Pagan-Antique Prophecy in Words and Images in the Age of Luther (1920 and Panofsky-Saxl’s work Dürers Melencolia I (1923. Benjamin interpreted the melancholy of the German Tragic Drama as a jump back to the deadly sin of sloth: he saw the saturnine melancholy under the sign of the medieval acedia.

  6. Youth and pedagogy (On the genesis of the thought of Walter Benjamin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lluís BALLESTER BRAGE

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available The authors analyze the 16 early writings that W. Benjamin wrote between the ages of 19 and 23, all of which relate to educative matters, and where the decisive influence of G. Wyneken is shown. The issues that the young Walter Benjamin addresses are also studied, such as idealism and youth culture, the necessity of reform in schools and universities and also in moral, aesthetic and religious education as well as in juvenile sexuality. However, the most important thing is that in these works one can find the constants that characterize the rest of his production, such as his individualism, his obsession with his own childhood experiences, his contradictions and thematic transitions, his interest in aesthetics and art, the complexity of his work, his agnosticism and his consideration of Judaism as a cultural element, and above all his critical sense and his vocation for criticism which starts to become evident. Somehow in these articles of educative content one can discover many of the constants of what will be the subsequent work of this author.

  7. Final Report of the Evaluation of the 1969-1970 Benjamin Franklin Cluster Program: Programs and Patterns for Disadvantaged High School Students. ESEA Title I.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoffman, Louis J.

    The Cluster Program at Benjamin Franklin High School, funded under Title I of the 1965 Elementary Secondary Education Act, is designed to be a school within a school in which 249 ninth grade students attend classes in two separate clusters. Each cluster is formulated such that all students receive instruction from five teachers in classes whose…

  8. Benjamin Franklin's Evolving Views on Race and Ethnicity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lapham, Steven S.; Saunders, Andrew

    2005-01-01

    More telling than his negative comments about Germans' shortcomings, was Benjamin Franklin's early attitude to slavery. In the 1730s, Franklin's newspaper, the Philadelphia Gazette, carried advertisements for black slaves, and he himself apparently participated in the slave trade, acting at the very least as the contact man for buyers and sellers.…

  9. Genius or Dynamic Learner? Benjamin Franklin's Path to Greatness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marcum, James W.

    2008-01-01

    While the remarkable accomplishments of Benjamin Franklin are unparalleled, the means of their attainment can be considered more accessible to ordinary people and not necessarily attributable to a special genius. The steady development of Franklin's knowledge and skills is traced in light of a new model of "dynamic learning," which is a method…

  10. Benjamin Franklin, William Hewson and the Craven Street bones

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    Simon Hillson

    1998-11-01

    Full Text Available Renovation of the house in London where Benjamin Franklin lived has led to the discovery of the remains of a late eighteenth-century anatomy school. Investigations by bioarchaeologists from the Institute are revealing William Hewson's remarkable contribution to the development of anatomical science.

  11. A new resolution of the Judy Benjamin problem

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Romeijn, J.-W.; Douven, I.

    2011-01-01

    Van Fraassen's Judy Benjamin problem has generally been taken to show that not all rational changes of belief can be modelled in a probabilistic framework if the available update rules are restricted to Bayes's rule and Jeffrey's generalization thereof. But alternative rules based on distance functi

  12. Bakhtin e Benjamin: sobre Goethe e outras questões

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    Tatiana Bubnova

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo reexamina as afinidades e as diferenças entre o pensamento de Bakhtin e Benjamin. Ambos são importantes para aquele ramo da filosofia contemporânea que analisa os destinos do século XX e pertencem à época atual pós-secular. Ambos compreendem nosso mundo por meio do procedimento de revisão de nossas experiências de vida, a fim de encontrar elementos que nos ajudem a avaliá-la e fornecer uma orientação para nossa situação atual. Há semelhanças na recepção de suas ideias. Na América Latina, Bakhtin e Benjamin são frequentemente interpretados num sentido político e servem como base para se refletir sobre acontecimentos históricos e fatos da cultura contemporânea. Os trabalhos de Benjamin são mais frequentemente publicados, disseminados e comentados do que aqueles de Bakhtin. O foco principal deste artigo é estudar como Goethe serviu de catalizador ou pivô para as iluminações particulares desses dois pensadores. Nessa perspectiva, Bakhtin e Benjamin são vistos como vasos comunicantes, a despeito de suas diferenças em questões de linguagem, do papel que Kant desempenha em seus pensamentos ou dos textos que interessaram a ambos. A concepção materialista de linguagem de Bakhtin opõe-se bastante ao misticismo messiânico de Benjamin.

  13. Benjamin sociographe de la mémoire collective ? Benjamin, sociographer of collective memory ?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marc Berdet

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Walter Benjamin est-il un sociographe de la mémoire collective  ? Une comparaison des thèmes morphologique, phénoménologique et politique de la sociologie halbwachsienne de la mémoire et de l’écriture benjaminienne de Paris permet de répondre à cette question. Morphologique : il s’agit principalement de voir comment la mémoire collective peut se cristalliser dans son espace urbain. Phénoménologique : le processus de remémoration suppose la rencontre d’un pluralisme temporel et de représentations collectives dans des images auxquelles cet espace urbain n’est pas étranger. Politique : un type de remémoration doit être mis à profit par cette image pour le progrès de la civilisation, notamment contre le fascisme. Au terme de ce cheminement, apparaît le rôle décisif de la métathéorie pour la théorie qui fait voir la différence profonde entre nos deux auteurs que le combat épistémologique qu’il entraînait avait rapprochés. Car si la mémoire collective est réifiée dans la ville, c’est selon une représentation singulière du temps dont elle-même découle. Or c’est précisément au nom d’une représentation du temps que le sociologue français et le philosophe allemand veulent fonder d’une part la science, d’autre part l’action.Is Walter Benjamin a sociographer of collective memory ? A comparison between the morphological, phenomenological and political topics of Halbwach’s sociology of memory and Benjamin’s writing on Paris allows us to answer this question. Morphological: it is mainly a question of seeing how collective memory can crystallize in its urban setting. Phenomenological: the process of recollection supposes an encounter between a temporal pluralism and collective representations in images from which that urban space is not disconnected. Political: a type of recollection must be put to use by this image for the progress of civilization, especially against Fascism. At the end of

  14. Les modalités du temps chez Benjamin Franklin

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    Elise Marienstras

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available La renommée multiséculaire de Benjamin Franklin tient surtout à sa qualité d'homme des Lumières. Cet article s'intéresse à l'extrême complexité de sa pensée sur le temps comme concept, comme mode de vie, comme outil pour s'enrichir, et comme vision générale du progrès du genre humain.The long-lasting fame of Benjamin Franklin rests principally on his characteristics as a scientist and a philosopher of the Enlightenment. This article raises the question of Franklin's conception of time and examines his numerous uses of « time » as a concept, as a way of living, as a means to obtain wealth, as a general vision of the progress of mankind.

  15. An art history of means: Arendt-Benjamin

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    Jae Emerling

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Transmissibility is an essential concept for any discourse on historiography and aesthetics. In fact, this concept traverses the contemporary impasse of art historical critical practice. Although explicitly associated with Walter Benjamin, the entirety of Hannah Arendt’s work on art and history is premised on transmissibility as well. It allows them to conceive a space of history from within the aesthetic, the world of artifice. This essay reads Benjamin and Arendt alongside and against one other in order to rethink art and history without resorting to eschatology or the histrionics of political theology. In creating this virtual historiography—Arendt-Benjamin—it conceives transmissibility as an aesthetic-historiographic concept that renders an openness between past and future, poiesis and aisthesis. Writing the history of art becomes the creation of a passage between what-has-been and artifice; it becomes the opening of history into life, an event of recollection.

  16. Exact Solutions of the Generalized Benjamin-Bona-Mahony Equation

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    Xun Liu

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available We apply the theory of Weierstrass elliptic function to study exact solutions of the generalized Benjamin-Bona-Mahony equation. By using the theory of Weierstrass elliptic integration, we get some traveling wave solutions, which are expressed by the hyperbolic functions and trigonometric functions. This method is effective to find exact solutions of many other similar equations which have arbitrary-order nonlinearity.

  17. Benjamin's conception of language and Adorno's aesthetic theory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo Duarte

    Full Text Available According to the theory of language of the young Benjamin, the primary task of language isn't the communication of contents, but to express itself as a "spiritual essence" in which also men take part. That conception according to which language would be a medium to signification of something outside it leads to a necessary decrease of its original strength and is thus denominated by Benjamin bürgerlich. The names of human language are remainders of an archaic state, in which things weren't yet mute and had their own language. Benjamin suggests also that all the arts remind the original language of things, as they make objects "speak" in form of sounds, colors, shapes etc. That relationship between arts as reminders of the "language of things" and the possible reconciliation of mankind with itself and with nature has been developed by Theodor Adorno in several of his writings, specially in the Aesthetic Theory, where the artwork is ultimately conceived as a construct pervaded by "language" in the widest meaning - not in the "bourgeois" sense.

  18. Dynamics of rogue waves on multisoliton background in the Benjamin Ono equation

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    YUN-KAI LIU; BIAO LI

    2017-04-01

    For the Benjamin Ono equation, the Hirota bilinear method and long wave limit method are applied to obtain the breathers and the rogue wave solutions. Bright and dark rogue waves exist in the Benjamin Ono equation, and their typical dynamics are analysed and illustrated. The semirational solutions possessing rogue waves and solitons are also obtained, and demonstrated by the three-dimensional figures. Furthermore, the hybrid of rogue wave and breather solutions are also found in the Benjamin Ono equation.

  19. Answer to Benjamin Dessus or how the ideology can cloud the best minds; Reponse a Benjamin Dessus ou Comment l'ideologie peut obscurcir les meilleurs esprits

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nifenecker, H

    2009-01-15

    The author aims to clarify the declarations of the article published by Benjamin Dessus, in Mediapart. He accuses him of manipulating data in order to find faults with the french nuclear program and more particularly the electric heating. The author then details and explains many affirmations of Benjamin Dessus: the CO{sub 2} contain of the electricity, which electric production must be taken into account, the nuclear and the energy independence, the french petroleum consumption, the central electric heating, the nuclear reactor power adjustment, the prices. The article of Benjamin Dessus is also provided in annex. (A.L.B.)

  20. "Un paysage hanté, intense comme l'opium". Ville et notion de paysage selon Siegfried Kracauer et Walter Benjamin

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Reeh, Henrik

    2001-01-01

    bykultur, filosofi, Walter Benjamin, Siegfried Kracauer, Berlin, Paris, landskab, begrebet bylandskab......bykultur, filosofi, Walter Benjamin, Siegfried Kracauer, Berlin, Paris, landskab, begrebet bylandskab...

  1. Benjamin's conception of language and Adorno's aesthetic theory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo Duarte

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available According to the theory of language of the young Benjamin, the primary task of language isn't the communication of contents, but to express itself as a "spiritual essence" in which also men take part. That conception according to which language would be a medium to signification of something outside it leads to a necessary decrease of its original strength and is thus denominated by Benjamin bürgerlich. The names of human language are remainders of an archaic state, in which things weren't yet mute and had their own language. Benjamin suggests also that all the arts remind the original language of things, as they make objects "speak" in form of sounds, colors, shapes etc. That relationship between arts as reminders of the "language of things" and the possible reconciliation of mankind with itself and with nature has been developed by Theodor Adorno in several of his writings, specially in the Aesthetic Theory, where the artwork is ultimately conceived as a construct pervaded by "language" in the widest meaning - not in the "bourgeois" sense.De acordo com a teoria da linguagem do jovem Benjamin, a tarefa primordial da linguagem não é a comunicação de Conteúdos, mas expressar a si própria como uma "essência espiritual", da qual também o gênero humano toma parte. Essa concepção, de acordo com a qual a linguagem seria um médium para a significação de algo fora dela leva necessariamente a uma diminuição de sua potência originária e é, portanto, chamada por Benjamin burguesa (bürgerlich. Os nomes da linguagem humana são resquícios de um estado arcaico, no qual as coisas ainda não eram mudas e tinham sua própria linguagem. Benjamin sugere também que todas as artes rememoram a linguagem originária das coisas, na medida em que fazem os objetos "falarem" em forma de sons, cores, formas etc. Essa relação entre arte como resquício da "linguagem das coisas" e a possível reconciliação do gênero humano consigo próprio e com a

  2. Conceito de barbárie em Walter Benjamin.

    OpenAIRE

    Marinho, Clayton Rodrigo da Fonsêca

    2015-01-01

    Programa de Pós-Graduação em Filosofia. Departamento de Filosofia, Instituto de Filosofia, Artes e Cultura, Universidade Federal de Ouro Preto. Esta pesquisa busca apresentar um conceito de barbárie na obra do filósofo Walter Benjamin. Quando, em seu ensaio “Experiência e Pobreza” (1933), ele diz da necessidade de pensar um “conceito novo e positivo de barbárie”, tomamos a sério a tarefa de conceituá-la. Para isso, adotamos um paradigma estético de pensamento, a “constelação”, a fim de che...

  3. Walter Benjamin: A Philosophy of Today for Tomorrow :

    OpenAIRE

    camargo, David

    1994-01-01

    Al igual que el aleph de la tradición judaica, donde en un punto se reune el pasado, el presente y el futuro de todas las cosas, y el mundo donde se reune la totalidad de memoria, vida y esperanza, deseo retomar un punto para señalar la totalidad. Tal vez a la manera como el propio Benjamin trabajaba la 'imagen dialéctica', expresión del contenido total en la superficie inintencional de lo particular: "En su teoría, cada 'idea', cada construcción a partir de lo particular, era autosuficiente....

  4. Vasserman ja Keerend rahvusvahelistel näitustel / Benjamin Vasserman

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vasserman, Benjamin

    2001-01-01

    17. VI-2. IX Kanada Quebeci provintsis Trois-Riviere'is toimuval II rahvusvahelisel graafikabiennaalil osaleb Benjamin Vasserman 7 graafilise lehega. Peapreemia - Tomoya Uchida graafiline sari "Nest". Valiknäituse "Triennial of One Hundred Cities" esimesel väljapanekul Dzierzoniowis osalesid Avo Keerend ja B. Vasserman, A. Keerendi töö "Vastasseis XII" on avaldatud näituse bukleti esikaanel. Itaalias Pisas 7.-14. VII toimunud III ülemaailmsel väikegraafika ja -maali näitusel "ITART 2001" pälvis B. Vassermani "Finalist" diplomi ja õiguse osaleda finalistide preemianäitusel Livornos.

  5. Walter Benjamin e Paris: individualidade e trabalho intelectual

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    Renato Ortiz

    2000-05-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo é uma leitura do texto de Walter Benjamin Paris capital do século XIX. A partir do conjunto de anotações que Benjamin faz de diversos livros consultados, principalmente durante sua pesquisa na Bibliothèque Nationale, o autor pretende trabalhar a noção de indivíduo vinculando-a a dois temas. Primeiro, a emergência do flâneur como tradução do espírito de mobilidade que se inaugura com a modernidade. Para isso a discussão sobre a noção de espaço, particularmente no que diz respeito a cidade de Paris, é importante. O flâneur surge assim como um indivíduo desenraizado que se locomove através do espaço urbano remodelado. Segundo, uma aproximação entre o ato da flânerie e o trabalho intelectual. Considerando a flânerie como uma atividade intelectual o autor mostra como os temas do distanciamento e da construção do objeto são relevantes tanto para o flâneur-detetive quanto para a reflexão nas ciências sociais.This paper is an interpretation of Walter Benjamins Paris, Capital of the 19th Century. Based on the notes Benjamin made on several books he read, mainly during his research at the Bibliotèque Nationale, the author discusses the notion of the individual linking it to two themes. First, to the emergence of the flâneur as a translation of the spirit of mobility which starts with modernity. The discussion on the notion of space, especially where it concerns Paris, is essential for this analysis. The flâneur is seen as an uprooted individual who moves around the remodelled urban space. Second, to the proximity between the act of flânerie and that of intellectual work. Taking flânerie to be intellectual activity, the author shows how the themes of the distancing and the construction of the object are relevant, both to the detective-flâneur and to the reflection in social sciences.

  6. Vasserman ja Keerend rahvusvahelistel näitustel / Benjamin Vasserman

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vasserman, Benjamin

    2001-01-01

    17. VI-2. IX Kanada Quebeci provintsis Trois-Riviere'is toimuval II rahvusvahelisel graafikabiennaalil osaleb Benjamin Vasserman 7 graafilise lehega. Peapreemia - Tomoya Uchida graafiline sari "Nest". Valiknäituse "Triennial of One Hundred Cities" esimesel väljapanekul Dzierzoniowis osalesid Avo Keerend ja B. Vasserman, A. Keerendi töö "Vastasseis XII" on avaldatud näituse bukleti esikaanel. Itaalias Pisas 7.-14. VII toimunud III ülemaailmsel väikegraafika ja -maali näitusel "ITART 2001" pälvis B. Vassermani "Finalist" diplomi ja õiguse osaleda finalistide preemianäitusel Livornos.

  7. Grigoris Lambrakis (1912-1963) - a Greek obstetrician and world renowned activist.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gkegkes, Ioannis D; Karamanou, Marianna; Iavazzo, Paraskevi-Evangelia; Gkegke, Xanthi-Ekaterini D; Androutsos, George; Iavazzo, Christos

    2016-08-01

    Grigoris Lambrakis was a Greek politician, doctor, athlete, and faculty member of the Medical School of Athens University. As an athlete, Lambrakis held the Greek record for long jump for twenty-three years and he also won several gold medals in the Balkan Athletic Games. Lambrakis received an excellent medical education. As lecturer at the University of Athens, Lambrakis became a pioneer of Gynecological Endocrinology. His philanthropy was always evident during his medical career, but he also consistently attended international pacifist meetings and demonstrations. His medical work, and his performance as lecturer of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, have been neglected, if not overshadowed, by his political career. Lambrakis is recognized worldwide as a martyr for peace. The aim in this essay is to present his life, and especially to elucidate his medical achievements.

  8. Magic, Mimesis, and Revolutionary Praxis: Illuminating Walter Benjamin's Rhetoric of Redemption.

    Science.gov (United States)

    DeChaine, D. Robert

    2000-01-01

    Outlines the rhetorical contributions of Walter Benjamin, who attempted to develop a social critique arguing for the decisive function of critical intervention. Suggests Benjamin's insights about the liberatory role of the engaged social agent warrant closer attention. Proposes his ideas provide useful avenues for examining contemporary texts and…

  9. Benjamin, Benson, and the Child's Gaze: Childhood Desire and Pleasure in the David Blaize Books

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tribunella, Eric L.

    2016-01-01

    Walter Benjamin's writings on children and their books reflect a desire to imagine different possibilities in perceiving and engaging with the world. Benjamin's child, like the flâneur, experiences a particular way of seeing unfettered by instrumentality and characterised by a sense of wonder, aimlessness of path or purpose, and keen interest in…

  10. Integrating Educational Theory and History

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, James P.

    1977-01-01

    Recommends that history teachers incorporate educational theory into their courses. Describes and evaluates a history course at Brooklyn College constructed around Benjamin Bloom's taxonomy of cognitive educational objectives. (Author/DB)

  11. The concept of resistance in Benjamin and Adorno O conceito de resistência em Benjamin e Adorno

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natalia A. Morato Fernandes

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available That work intends, with base in some texts of Theodor Adorno and of Walter Benjamin, to discuss the meaning of the “resistance” concepts and of “conformism” for such authors. These concepts are not elaborated in way explicit or systematic by both, to the opposite they are related subtlety the some aspects of the contemporary social life, as the disappearance of the experience, the decline of the narration, the loss of the sense of the history and the consequent suppression of the memory, the appearance of the cultural industry. Of that it sorts things out, explicit those concepts, especially when referred the those subjects, it helps us not only to understand the conception of Benjamin and Adorno, but also your judgements on the cultural scene of the beginning of the century - without, though, to intend to establish a model of what can be the resistance or the conformism. Keywords: Resistance. Conformism. Culture. Romances. School of Frankfurt. Este trabalho pretende, com base em alguns textos de Theodor Adorno e de Walter Benjamin, discutir o significado dos conceitos de “resistência” e de “conformismo” para tais autores. Esses conceitos não são elaborados de modo explícito ou sistemático por ambos; ao contrário, são sutilmente relacionados a alguns aspectos da vida social contemporânea, como o desaparecimento da experiência, o declínio da narração, a perda do sentido da história e a conseqüente supressão da memória, e o surgimento da indústria cultural. Dessa maneira, explicitar esses conceitos, especialmente quando referidos a essas questões, ajuda-nos não só a entender a concepção de Benjamin e de Adorno, mas também seus juízos sobre a cena cultural do início do século XX - sem, todavia, pretender estabelecer um modelo do que possa ser a resistência ou o conformismo. Palavras-chave: Resistência. Conformismo. Cultura. Romances. Escola de Frankfurt.

  12. Time-periodic solutions of the Benjamin-Ono equation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ambrose , D.M.; Wilkening, Jon

    2008-04-01

    We present a spectrally accurate numerical method for finding non-trivial time-periodic solutions of non-linear partial differential equations. The method is based on minimizing a functional (of the initial condition and the period) that is positive unless the solution is periodic, in which case it is zero. We solve an adjoint PDE to compute the gradient of this functional with respect to the initial condition. We include additional terms in the functional to specify the free parameters, which, in the case of the Benjamin-Ono equation, are the mean, a spatial phase, a temporal phase and the real part of one of the Fourier modes at t = 0. We use our method to study global paths of non-trivial time-periodic solutions connecting stationary and traveling waves of the Benjamin-Ono equation. As a starting guess for each path, we compute periodic solutions of the linearized problem by solving an infinite dimensional eigenvalue problem in closed form. We then use our numerical method to continue these solutions beyond the realm of linear theory until another traveling wave is reached (or until the solution blows up). By experimentation with data fitting, we identify the analytical form of the solutions on the path connecting the one-hump stationary solution to the two-hump traveling wave. We then derive exact formulas for these solutions by explicitly solving the system of ODE's governing the evolution of solitons using the ansatz suggested by the numerical simulations.

  13. A Framework for Infusing Multicultural Curriculum into Gifted Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ford, Donna Y.; Harris, J. John, III

    2000-01-01

    This article offers a framework for infusing multicultural curriculum into gifted education that integrates two, heretofore, parallel models in education, Benjamin Bloom's taxonomy of educational objectives (1956) and Banks and Banks' (1993) model of multicultural education. (Contains 15 references.) (DB)

  14. Mathematics Education and Language Diversity

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Moschkovich, Judit; Planas, Nuria

    This book examines multiple facets of language diversity and mathematics education. It features renowned authors from around the world and explores the learning and teaching of mathematics in contexts that include multilingual classrooms, indigenous education, teacher education, blind and deaf...

  15. Questioning "The Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction": A Stroll around the Louvre after Reading Benjamin1

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    Jonathan Davis

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available In this article I claim that Walter Benjamin's essay "The Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction" merits renewed critical attention. Just as Dada had confronted art with anti-art, so Benjamin hoped his essay would confront aesthetics with an anti-aesthetic. I examine Benjamin's capsule history of the aura and show it to be misleading, criticize the essay's underdeveloped ontology of painting and sketch an alternative, and draw attention to the surprising proximity of Benjamin's notion of value to that of neoliberal thought. I conclude with a critique of Benjamin's cultural politics.

  16. Walter Benjamin's concept of aura and the cultural industry

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    Bráulio Santos Rabelo de Araújo

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Trata-se de uma análise do texto A obra de arte na era da reprodutibilidade técnica, de 1935, de Walter Benjamin, no qual o autor analisa as alterações provocadas pelas novas técnicas de produção artística na esfera da cultura, e desenvolve, como elemento principal, a tese de a reprodutibilidade técnica provocar a superação da aura pela obra de arte. Tendo como apoio o contraste do texto de Benjamin com o texto A indústria cultural: O esclarecimento como mistificação das massas, de Theodor Adorno e Max Horkheimer, de 1947, e a observação da produção do cinema, da música e do livro (artes necessariamente reprodutíveis, este artigo (a analisa a tese da superação do conceito de aura pela obra de arte na era da reprodutibilidade técnica, (b contrasta essa tese com a reflexão sobre indústria cultural de Adorno e Horkheimer e com as características da obra de arte produzida no decorrer do século 20 e início do século 21, e (c apresenta as contribuições que podem ser retiradas dessa análise para a atual reflexão a respeito dos impactos da Internet e das tecnologias digitais sobre a produção cultural contemporânea. Como resultado principal e do qual decorre outras conclusões, o artigo considera que as técnicas analisadas por Benjamin, apesar de terem tornado a obra de arte independente de um substrato único, não a emanciparam de seu caráter aurático. Os elementos centrais da aura (autenticidade e unicidade não foram superados, mas, ao contrário, adaptaram-se às mudanças técnicas, adaptação essa que ocorreu em torno da industrialização, a qual marcou a produção cultural no século 20.

  17. Ghrelin; The Renown Hormone

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    H. Murat Bilgin

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Ghrelin , a 28 amino acid gastric peptide, was found to be a potent releaser of GH and in addition, actively participate in controlling energy balance and the regulation of food intake. Specifically, plasma ghrelin originates in the oxyntic gland where A-like cells exist and is secreted into the bloodstream. Lower concentrations have also been reported at various regions in the body. It is well known that ghrelin participates in the regulation of many functions in the body.

  18. Spazi per pensare. Topografia e immagine in Warburg e Benjamin

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    Raoul Kirchmayr

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available In the context of the late modernity, both Warburg and Benjamin put themselves on a borderline position. From that point of view, they show a common methodological and heuristic issue, consisting in creating “spaces for thinking” (Denkräume from where it would be possible to redraw in a newly conceived “topography” the metaphysical maps by means of which we have represented our world. This kind of critical operation requires a different focus on the relathionships between writing and image, space and time, and it cannot be separated from an experience (even in a biographical sense of “ownness” and “extraneity”. Thanks to this experience, the event of discovery outlines itself as an act of remembrance and, at the same time, as a promise for the future.

  19. On 'Shock:' The Artistic Imagination of Benjamin and Brecht

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    Mara Polgovsky Ezcurra

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available “Shock” is perhaps the central concept of modernist aesthetics and Walter Benjamin its best known theorist. It has been well documented that Benjamin’s long-lasting friendship with Bertolt Brecht and the latter’s dramatic theory had a profound influence on his thinking about this notion. Brecht's techniques of interruption and juxtaposition in the practice of epic theater were in close relationship with Benjamin’s use of montage as a mechanism to “liberate” meaning. Despite Theodor Adorno’s and Gershom Scholem’s attempt to situate Benjamin’s thought in a different aesthetic tradition, Brecht’s understanding of Verfremdung (estrangement and Benjamin’s idea of “shock” are often deemed identical. In this paper I compare both concepts, looking at their points of coincidence and tension. I also relate their development to one of the most telling friendships in the history of twentieth-century philosophy.

  20. Benjamin Thompson, Count Rumford Count Rumford on the nature of heat

    CERN Document Server

    Brown, Sanborn C

    1967-01-01

    Men of Physics: Benjamin Thompson - Count Rumford: Count Rumford on the Nature of Heat covers the significant contributions of Count Rumford in the fields of physics. Count Rumford was born with the name Benjamin Thompson on March 23, 1753, in Woburn, Massachusetts. This book is composed of two parts encompassing 11 chapters, and begins with a presentation of Benjamin Thompson's biography and his interest in physics, particularly as an advocate of an """"anti-caloric"""" theory of heat. The subsequent chapters are devoted to his many discoveries that profoundly affected the physical thought

  1. Benjamin Fondane notebooks. Benjamin Fondane facing the History. About the Existential Monday. The Poem time, no. 14/2011, Editions Kedem, Tel Aviv, 243 p.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Speranţa Sofia MILANCOVICI

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Luna august reprezintă, pentru membrii sau colaboratorii Socièté d’Etudes Benjamin Fondane, momentul întâlnirii ştiinţifice anuale sub genericul Rencontres de Peyresq. Fiecare astfel de reuniune este succedată de apariţia unui volum critic realizat cu sprijinul Centre National du Livre – France. Este vorba despre seria deja cunoscutelor, în bibliografia de specialitate, Cahiers Benjamin Fondane.Volumul recent apărut poartă titlul Benjamin Fondane devant l’Histoire. Autour du Lundi existentiel. Au temps du Poème şi este cel de al paisprezecelea număr din seria caietelor.În îngrijirea energicei şi competentei preşedinte a Société d’Etudes Benjamin Fondane, prof. dr. Monique Jutrin, volumul propune spre lectură cercetătorilor de specialitate un corpus de eseuri critice grupate pe secţiuni: editorial, filosofie, poezie, opera în limba română a lui Benjamin Fundoianu, bibliografie de specialitate etc.

  2. Obituary: Benjamin Franklin Peery Jr. (1922-2010)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cowley, Charles

    2011-12-01

    Professor Benjamin F. Peery, Jr. died at his home in Silver Spring, MD of natural causes on 30 November 2010. His full life began in St. Joseph, MO (home of the Pony Express) on 4 March 1922. His father was a railway mail clerk, so his family moved frequently. Most of his childhood was spent in southeastern Minnesota. He enlisted in the army in 1942, and served in campaigns in North Africa and Italy. After his discharge in 1945, he enrolled in the University of Minnesota, earning a BS in Physics in 1949. One of his early hobbies was to build and fly model airplanes. His intention to pursue aeronautical engineering changed to physics, but after receiving a MS in physics from Fisk University in 1955, he decided on a career in astronomy. He told the editors of the PBS series The Astronomers (1991, in which his career is highlighted) he thought it was shamefully absurd not to know what made the stars shine. So he began PhD studies in astronomy at the University of Michigan (Ann Arbor). His dissertation was on the complex eclipsing binary VV Cephei, where a compact hot star passes behind a cool giant star, revealing the structure of that giant's atmosphere. This task was especially demanding because of the complexity of the system's spectrum and the formidable array of observations assembled by Ben's advisor, Dean McLaughlin. Fortunately, Ben's strong physics background enabled him to design and construct one of the first oscilloscope measuring engines, which his fellow students called the PeeryScope. The final (1961) dissertation is an impressive combination of observational and astrophysical analysis. His degree was obtained in 1962; he had already begun a career at the University of Indiana, where he taught and did research (1959--1976). The Indiana years were highly productive. In addition to his own research, he was advisor on six PhD dissertations, and a master's thesis. Several of his students have also had productive careers. An ADS search on his students' names

  3. Pärt, Arvo. Cantus in memory of Benjamin Britten / Andrew Achenbach

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Achenbach, Andrew

    1995-01-01

    Uuest heliplaadist "Pärt, Arvo. Cantus in memory of Benjamin Britten. BBC Northern Symphony Orchestra / Norman del Mar; BBC Symphony Orchestra / Gennady Rozhdestvensky". BBC Radio Classics CD BBCRD 9129 (71 minutes)

  4. Pärt, Arvo. Cantus in memory of Benjamin Britten / Andrew Achenbach

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Achenbach, Andrew

    1995-01-01

    Uuest heliplaadist "Pärt, Arvo. Cantus in memory of Benjamin Britten. BBC Northern Symphony Orchestra / Norman del Mar; BBC Symphony Orchestra / Gennady Rozhdestvensky". BBC Radio Classics CD BBCRD 9129 (71 minutes)

  5. Benjamin Verdery teeb klassikast laheda show / Mari Hiiemäe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hiiemäe, Mari

    2008-01-01

    Seitsmendate Eesti kitarrimuusikapäevade Fiesta de la Guitarra 2008 ja peaesinejast, USAst pärit kitarristist Benjamin Verdery'st (esineb 8. nov. Tallinnas Mederi saalis ja 9. nov. Vanemuise kammersaalis), festivalist

  6. Benjamin Schmidt, Inventing Exoticism: Geography, Globalism, and Europe’s Early Modern World

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wouter Ryckbosch

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Benjamin Schmidt, Inventing Exoticism: Geography, Globalism, and Europe’s Early Modern World (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2015, 448 pp., isbn 978 0 8122 4646 9.

  7. Generalized solutions to the Benjamin-Ono equations in sense of Colombeau

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金小刚; 杨建刚; 蔺杰

    2004-01-01

    This paper discusses the existence and uniqueness of the generalized solution in the sense of Colombeau to the Benjamin-Oho(B-O)equation and the relationship between the new generalized solution and the classical solution.

  8. Benjamin Verdery teeb klassikast laheda show / Mari Hiiemäe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hiiemäe, Mari

    2008-01-01

    Seitsmendate Eesti kitarrimuusikapäevade Fiesta de la Guitarra 2008 ja peaesinejast, USAst pärit kitarristist Benjamin Verdery'st (esineb 8. nov. Tallinnas Mederi saalis ja 9. nov. Vanemuise kammersaalis), festivalist

  9. David Benjamin Sherry摄影展在纽约举办

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    2009年9月10日至10月17日.摄影家David Benjamin Sherry摄影作品展在纽约Bellwether画廊举办。“我发誓.这里还有天赐的极品.美到极致,根本无法用言语形容。”这是摄影师David Benjamin Sherry最大的感慨。

  10. Experiência da transitoriedade: Walter Benjamin e a modernidade de Baudelaire

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    Luciano Gatti

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available O artigo examina a abordagem feita por Walter Benjamin da concepção de modernidade apresentada pelo poeta e crítico de arte Charles Baudelaire. Após o exame da ideia de beleza moderna nos textos de crítica de Baudelaire, são abordados os motivos da preferência de Benjamin pela apresentação da modernidade na poesia de Baudelaire, particularmente no poema alegórico "Le cygne". Por fim, o texto enfoca a relação entre a poesia moderna de Baudelaire e a concepção de experiência de Benjamin.The paper investigates the approach made by Walter Benjamin of Charles Baudelaire's conception of modernity. After examining the idea of modern beauty in Baudelaire's critical texts, the reasons of Benjamin's preference for the presentation of modernity in Baudelaire's poetry are analized, particularly, in the allegorical poem "Le cygne". At last, the paper focuses on the relation between Baudelaire's modern poetry and Benjamin's concept of experience.

  11. Lessons from Benjamin Franklin's civic leadership: the Pennsylvania Hospital story.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, I

    1988-01-01

    John Gardner has recently suggested that in a pluralistic society like ours there are many competing groups, each with its own purpose. This leads to fragmentation and conflict as various social systems and institutions interact and collide. We have seen this in health care where competition has eroded traditional provider-insurer-purchaser alliances and, for example, the access problem has grown rapidly. Leaders in such an environment, Gardner (1988) argues, must become involve with building more "mutually workable arrangements with systems external to their own... Leaders unwilling to do so are not serving the long-germ interest of their own constituents... Under the circumstances, all our leader must spend part of their time building community, dealing with polarization, and creating loyalty to the larger venture." Methods for building community in turbulent times are offered by our first health care social entrepreneur, Benjamin Franklin. The following case study presents Franklin's leadership style and the three-phase process of seeking the civic unity that created Franklin's leadership style and the three-phase process of seeking the civic unity that created Pennsylvania Hospital, the nation;s first community hospital. The discussion concludes with a consideration of Franklin's civic leadership in light of five leadership roles suggested by Gardner.

  12. The Changing Work Life of Academics: A Comparative Study of a Renowned and a Regional University in the Chinese Mainland

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lai, Manhong

    2013-01-01

    Expansion of higher education has been perceived as the major tool through which China can raise its international competitiveness. To raise educational quality, the Ministry of Education initiated a new employment reform and a Teaching Quality Assessment for Undergraduate Programs. In this research, we employed a qualitative method to investigate…

  13. 78 FR 73109 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Benjamin and Cisco, TX; De Beque, CO; Port Lions, AK; Rule and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-05

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Benjamin and Cisco, TX; De Beque, CO; Port Lions, AK... at De Beque, Colorado; Channel 237C3 at Benjamin, Texas; Channel 261C3 at Cisco, Texas; Channel 288C2..., Channel 237C3; by removing Cisco, Channel 261C3; by removing Channel 288C2 at Rule; and by...

  14. L’esperienza estetica come esperienza di immagini. Walter Benjamin e Theodor W. Adorno

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena Tavani

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Both Walter Benjamin and Theodor W. Adorno consider ‘aesthetical experience’ as an “image experience” assuming a power of images “to set free forces” directed to produce or support aesthetical-political (Benjamin or aesthetical-critical (Adorno requirements. Profane illumination, ‘thinkimages’, phantasmagory, dialectical images, decayed ‘aura’ and technicalized images in Benjamin’s theory of aesthetical modernity. Expressive feature or “mimetic” eloquence in nature and art countering reality, dismantled ‘aura’ in contemporary desacralized work of art, but also persisting ‘aura’ in its meaningful dimension in Adorno’s aesthetical theory.

  15. Mito e política: notas sobre o conceito de destino no "jovem" Benjamin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ernani Chaves

    1994-01-01

    Full Text Available O conceito de mito é uma das chaves para a compreensão do pensamento de Walter Benjamin. O objetivo deste texto é reconstituir a gênese deste conceito com base em suas primeiras formulações, tal como apresentadas em Destino e caráter, texto escrito em 1919. O presente artigo se divide em duas partes: na primeira, reconstituímos os argumentos de Benjamin, a partir da filiação do conceito de destino ao domínio de uma Teoria do Direito e sua necessária inserção em um modo de "temporalidade" definido pela "repetição"; a segunda parte pretende demonstrar que as posições de Benjamin estão estreitamente ligadas a uma posição também política: seu objetivo era, em nome de um anarquismo confesso, se contrapor a todos os "mitos" nacionalistas (que levaram a Alemanha à guerra e à necessidade de "líderes", "condutores" (Führer para o povo. Como exemplo dessa perspectiva política, nos baseamos na confrontação, sempre presente, de Benjamin com o Sionismo.

  16. Benjamin Franklin's Pictorial Representations of the British Colonies in America: A Study in Rhetorical Iconology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olson, Lester C.

    1987-01-01

    Investigates the underlying reasons for the fundamental shift in Benjamin Franklin's portrayals of the British colonies in America. Explores the hypothesis that "Magna Britannia" was both a deliberative work directed toward the British Parliament and an apologetic work directed toward conservatives in the colonial public. Also discusses Franklin's…

  17. Benjamin Franklin's Commemorative Medal "Libertas Americana": A Study in Rhetorical Iconology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olson, Lester C.

    1990-01-01

    Investigates the underlying rhetorical functions of how Benjamin Franklin used the medal to praise the national characters of France and the United States in those two countries, while he also used it to influence government policy in Malta and to vindicate himself from criticism in England. (KEH)

  18. Logic Sequence of the Approaches in Benjamin Franklin’s How I Taught Myself to Write

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭亮

    2013-01-01

    The best writing of Benjamin Franklin is founded in his own autobiography. This essay reveals the striking logic sequence of the approaches mentioned in the prose How I Taught Myself to Write from autobiography, and concludes the enlightenment for vast teachers when they lecture English writing.

  19. Educação e infância em alguns escritos de Walter Benjamin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anita Helena Schlesener

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho pretende refletir sobre alguns escritos de Walter Benjamin sobre educação e infância, expressos também na obra Infância em Berlim por volta de 1900. Benjamin coloca em questão a educação burguesa e suas práticas e reflete sobre o imaginário da criança. Relacionando percepção e conceito, Benjamin apresenta conceitos que inserem a educação no contexto da filosofia da historia. O artigo visa a acentuar a originalidade de um autor que, no contexto da sociedade europeia de 1920 até sua morte por suicídio em 1940, colocou relevantes questões sobre educação e sugeriu novos paradigmas de interpretação, conforme a afirmação de Benjamin, método de montagem, como um mosaico ou uma constelação.

  20. Verwantschap in Extremen : Politieke Theologie bij Walter Benjamin en Carl Schmitt

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wilde, de Marc

    2008-01-01

    De filosoof Walter Benjamin (1892-1940) en de jurist Carl Schmitt (1889-1985) behoren tot de eersten die de terugkeer van religie in moderne democratieën onder de aandacht brachten en onderwierpen aan een scherpe analyse. In de jaren twintig en dertig zouden zij een dialoog met elkaar zijn aangegaan

  1. Notes on Walter Benjamin´s concepts of narrative and experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wagner de Avila Quevedo

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: The aim of this text is to explain some classical´s writings on Walter Benjamin´s concept of experience (Erfahrung as it is related to those of narrative (Erzählung and memory.

  2. Exhibiting or presenting? Politics, aesthetics and mysticism in Benjamin's and Deleuze's concepts of cinema

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    J. Früchtl

    2010-01-01

    In his famous "work of art" essay, Walter Benjamin places politics at the centre of an aesthetics of modernity. He provides a brisk contrast between the romantic tradition of art philosophy and a politicisation of perception, receiving its training through the experience of the metropolis, in terms

  3. THEODOR WIESENGRUND ADORNO AND WALTER BENJAMIN: NOTES ON A FRAGMENTARY PHILOSOPHY OF FICTION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gustavo Martín Fragachán

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available In the following pages I would like to try the quite tight interpretation that carries out Theodor Wiesengrund Adorno of the overflowing and complex philosophical work of Walter Benjamin. In order to do it I shall use the text titled Sobre Walter Benjamin, published by Cátedra, Madrid, 1995. In this book they are compiled both: some texts around the philosophical work of Benjamin and some of the letters directed by Adorno to his friend. Be worth to denote that several of the works are later to the death of Benjamín. Concretely, I shall refer, after to have analyzed the portrait of Benjamín made by Adorno, to the chapters named “Dirección única de Walter Benjamín”, “Sobre algunos motivos en Baudelaire” and “Sobre Franz Kafka. Con ocasión del décimo aniversario de su muerte”. To them I shall add few works written by the  own Benjamin that under similar titles have been published into his book Sobre el Programa de la Filosofía Futura y otros ensayos, Monte Avila, Caracas, 1970.

  4. Benjamin Moore, Science, and Medical Planning in Early Twentieth-Century Britain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lawson, Gordon S.

    2008-01-01

    Benjamin Moore (1867-1922), physiologist and biochemist, was an eminent member of the British scientific and medical community in the early twentieth century. As a founder and president of the State Medical Services Association (SMSA) from its establishment in 1912 until his untimely death in 1922, Moore was a prominent medical services activist…

  5. Critique of art : Walter Benjamin and Theodor W. Adorno on art criticism

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lijster, Thijs Erik

    2012-01-01

    Kunstkritiek vervult een cruciale rol als medium tussen het kunstwerk en de maatschappelijke werkelijkheid. Dat concludeert promovendus Thijs Lijster. Daarbij moet kunstkritiek, in navolging van Walter Benjamin en Theodor Adorno, niet in de eerste plaats opgevat worden als het beoordelen van kunstwe

  6. The Appreciation of the Beauty in the Film:The Curious Case of Benjamin Button

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李家妍

    2014-01-01

    This paper appreciates the beauty in the film The Curious Case of Benjamin Buttonfrom three perspectives: technological beauty in visual ef-fects of the film; philosophical beauty in language, which is discussed in characters’monologues and dialogues in the film; and the eternal beauty of love, life and death.

  7. Seeing and Playing as Labor: Toward a Visual Materialist Pedagogy of Video Games through Walter Benjamin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bulut, Ergin

    2013-01-01

    In this article, the author draws specifically on the work of Walter Benjamin and engages with the world of video games by focusing on the constitution of labor as it unfolds in modding practices, as well as approaching the very act of seeing labor in a highly visual culture where value is extracted not just through the labor process but also…

  8. Virgil in French Romanticism: Paralell Novels of Benjamin Constant and Germaine de Staël

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Burgersdijk, D.W.P.

    2014-01-01

    Two highlights of French Romanticism, Benjamin Constant’s Adolphe (first published in 1816) and Madame de Staël’s Corinne ou l’Italie (1802) have often been related to one another, regarding as well the personal relationships by which the authors were tied as the narratives’ contents. Both novels tr

  9. Georg Rasch and Benjamin Wright's Struggle with the Unidimensional Polytomous Model with Sufficient Statistics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andrich, David

    2016-01-01

    This article reproduces correspondence between Georg Rasch of The University of Copenhagen and Benjamin Wright of The University of Chicago in the period from January 1966 to July 1967. This correspondence reveals their struggle to operationalize a unidimensional measurement model with sufficient statistics for responses in a set of ordered…

  10. A method for constructing exact solutions and application to Benjamin Ono equation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang Zhen; Li De-Sheng; Lu Hui-Fang; Zhang Hong-Qing

    2005-01-01

    By using an improved projective Riccati equation method, this paper obtains several types of exact travelling wave solutions to the Benjamin Ono equation which include multiple soliton solutions, periodic soliton solutions and Weierstrass function solutions. Some of them are found for the first time. The method can be applied to other nonlinear evolution equations in mathematical physics.

  11. Pärt, Arvo. Fratres (version 1980). Cantus in memoriam Benjamin Britten / Guillaume Connesson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Connesson, Guillaume

    1995-01-01

    Uuest heliplaadist "Pärt, Arvo. Fratres (version 1980). Cantus in memoriam Benjamin Britten. Summa. Spiegel im Spiegel. Festina lente. Tabula rasa: Tasmin Little (violon), Martin Roscoe (piano), Bournemouth Sinfonietta, Richard Studt" EMI Classics 565 031-2 (CD: 98 F). 1993. TT: 1h 03'42"

  12. Pärt, Arvo. Fratres (version 1980). Cantus in memoriam Benjamin Britten / Guillaume Connesson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Connesson, Guillaume

    1995-01-01

    Uuest heliplaadist "Pärt, Arvo. Fratres (version 1980). Cantus in memoriam Benjamin Britten. Summa. Spiegel im Spiegel. Festina lente. Tabula rasa: Tasmin Little (violon), Martin Roscoe (piano), Bournemouth Sinfonietta, Richard Studt" EMI Classics 565 031-2 (CD: 98 F). 1993. TT: 1h 03'42"

  13. Critique of art : Walter Benjamin and Theodor W. Adorno on art criticism

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lijster, Thijs Erik

    2012-01-01

    Kunstkritiek vervult een cruciale rol als medium tussen het kunstwerk en de maatschappelijke werkelijkheid. Dat concludeert promovendus Thijs Lijster. Daarbij moet kunstkritiek, in navolging van Walter Benjamin en Theodor Adorno, niet in de eerste plaats opgevat worden als het beoordelen van kunstwe

  14. Exhibiting or presenting? Politics, aesthetics and mysticism in Benjamin's and Deleuze's concepts of cinema

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Früchtl, J.

    2010-01-01

    In his famous "work of art" essay, Walter Benjamin places politics at the centre of an aesthetics of modernity. He provides a brisk contrast between the romantic tradition of art philosophy and a politicisation of perception, receiving its training through the experience of the metropolis, in terms

  15. APOSTILLE: NOTES SUPPLÉMENTAIRES AU CHANTIER DE 1997 SUR WALTER BENJAMIN.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laurent Lamy

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Résumé : Cette apostille propose un supplément à l'appareil critique greffé à la traduction en français de Die Aufgabe des Übertsetsers qu'Alexis Nouss et moi-même avions présentée en 1997. J'apporte certains correctifs à notre traduction initiale. J'ai aussi sélectionné des termes qui agissent comme des révélateurs de la trame conceptuelle qui court en filigrane de cet essai : par exemple, l'usage de l'adverbe intensiv ou encore la notion d'ingenium. Enfin, je consacre un assez ample développement à l'importance que revêt, pour bien saisir la stratégie narrative mise en place dans le prologue de Benjamin, l'usage de métaphores d'extraction kabbalistique, qui l'inscrivent de plain-pied dans la tradition mystique juive. Je m'oppose sur ce point au traitement plutôt laxiste qu'Antoine Berman a accordé à cette dimension, qu'il juge négligeable ou anecdotique, alors qu'elle constitue la clef de voûte de la métaphysique du langage élaborée par Benjamin. Mots clé : Walter Benjamin, retraduction, métaphores, métaphysique du langage. APOSTILLA: NOTAS SUPLEMENTARIAS AL TRABAJO DE 1997 SOBRE WALTER BENJAMIN Resumen: Estas apostillas proporcionan un suplemento al aparato crítico incluido en la traducción francesa de Die Aufgabe des Übertsetsers, que Alexis Nouss y yo presentamos en 1997. Hice algunos ajustes en nuestra traducción inicial. También seleccioné términos que actúan como reveladores de la trama conceptual que atraviesa en filigrana este ensayo. Por ejemplo, el uso del adverbiointensiv o la noción de ingenium. Por último, he dedicado un amplio desarrollo a la importancia que comporta, -para entender bien la estrategia narrativa puesta en funcionamiento en el prólogo de Benjamín-, el uso de metáforas de origen cabalístico que inscriben claramente el texto en la tradición mística judía. No estoy de acuerdo en este punto con el tratamiento bastante laxo que Antoine Berman ha dado a este aspecto, que

  16. Elipses y parábolas de la experiencia. La obra de Franz Kafka según Walter Benjamin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    García Roldán, Daniel

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Kafka’s work is defined by Benjamin as encompassing both sides of the notion of experience; mystical tradition and the experience of modernity. This essay looks at that idea, and explores the historical, social and intellectual relationships between both authors.Walter Benjamin define la obra de Franz Kafka como una elipse cuyos focos son la experiencia de la tradición mística y la experiencia de la modernidad. En el siguiente ensayo se dilucida esta interpretación de Benjamin y se exploran las correspondencias históricas, sociales e intelectuales existentes entre ambos autores.

  17. Fases da história da fotografia e a questão da aura, segundo Walter Benjamin

    OpenAIRE

    Orlando José Ribeiro de Oliveira; Marília Flores Seixas de Oliveira

    2014-01-01

    This article addresses the periods in the history of photography proposed by Walter Benjamin in his essay A Short History of Photography, and discusses the transformation suffered by the work of art in modern times, under ther concept of aura. The periodization established by Benjamin - heydey, decline, revival - is illustrated with works from photographers referred to by the author in his text, which amis to achieve a “real understanting of the essence of the photographic art.” Este artig...

  18. Da bambini intorno al Millenovecento. Frammenti d’infanzia nelle riflessioni di Walter Benjamin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Lazzarini

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The text aims at analyzing the complex and refined anthropology of childhood that takes shape in the pages of Walter Benjamin. This anthropology of childhood is deeply rooted in his memories of child “around 1900” and is patiently reconstructed from the picture books, from the games and the vintage toys, from the images and the characters that fill fantastic stories and fairy tales, from domestic and family rituals, from the world of objects and atmospheres of the bourgeois intérieur, Above all, this anthropology brings to light images. These images have a peculiar feature, a distinctive sign: they seem brought together by the idea and the experience of the threshold, a crucial figure in the epistemology of Benjamin.

  19. Sul Baudelaire di Walter Benjamin Dalla teoria della traduzione alla sociologia della letteratura

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrea D'Urso

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available I vivaci studi italiani degli scritti di Benjamin sulla poesia di Baudelaire (editi da Solmi nel 1962 hanno spesso trascurato l’importanza di allargare la propria prospettiva all’edizione francese del 1974 (Payot, contenente tre importanti saggi noti in Germania dalla fine degli anni ’60. Poiché tali testi sono stati finalmente tradotti in italiano solo nel 2006 (Einaudi e ripubblicati nel 2012 in un’edizione più articolata (Neri Pozza, ci proponiamo di rilanciare un nostro studio a partire dalla versione italiana, per mostrare come essi gettino le basi della sociologia materialista della letteratura di Benjamin, ancora insufficientemente esplorata. Formatasi proprio muovendo dalla pratica traduttiva dei Quadri parigini, essa ha analizzato il ruolo della bohème, del flâneur e della modernità nell’eroismo lirico di Baudelaire all’apogeo del capitalismo.

  20. [Prominence in the media, renown in the sciences: the construction of a paradigmatic feminist and a scientist at Rio de Janeiro's Museu Nacional].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lopes, Maria Margaret

    2008-06-01

    Bertha Lutz was one of the women of her generation who enjoyed indisputable political and scientific authority. She wrote much and even more was written about her, especially during her day. The newspaper chronicles by Lima Barreto, countless letters, scientific papers, and unpublished texts by Bertha herself that are surveyed in this article indicate how much her feminism--inseparable from other dimensions of her life--fostered her professional career. Her feminism earned her a carefully constructed renown and visibility that interlocked with her professional performance. Science lent her social prestige and guaranteed legitimacy for her causes. During a period when the scientific community itself was engaged in publicizing its own activities, Bertha's feminist prominence in the media helped her make a name in the sciences.

  1. Electrotherapy for melancholia: the pioneering contributions of Benjamin Franklin and Giovanni Aldini.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bolwig, Tom G; Fink, Max

    2009-03-01

    The electrical induction of seizures with a therapeutic aim began in 1938, but the history of electric currents to relieve mental illness began 2 centuries earlier with the pioneering work of the Italian Giovanni Aldini and the American Benjamin Franklin.These early experiments are described demonstrating that the electrical force encouraged hopeful applications. This history emphasizes the unique contribution in the induction of grand mal seizures as the therapeutic basis rather than the role of electricity alone.

  2. On the local well-posedness of a Benjamin-Ono-Boussinesq system

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ruying Xue

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Consider a Benjamin-Ono-Boussinesq system ηt+ux+auxxx+(uηx=0,ut+ηx+uux+cηxxx−duxxt=0, where a, c, and d are constants satisfying a=c>0, d>0 or a0. We prove that this system is locally well posed in Sobolev space Hs(ℝ×Hs+1(ℝ, with s>1/4.

  3. A New Method for Constructing Travelling Wave Solutions to the modified Benjamin-Bona-Mahoney Equation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Jun-Mao; ZHANG Miao; ZHANG Wen-Liang; ZHANG Rui; HAN Jia-Hua

    2008-01-01

    We present a new method to find the exact travelling wave solutions of nonlinear evolution equations, with the aid of the symbolic computation. Based on this method, we successfully solve the modified Benjamin-Bona-Mahoney equation, and obtain some new solutions which can be expressed by trigonometric functions and hyperbolic functions. It is shown that the proposed method is direct, effective and can be used for many other nonlinear evolution equations in mathematical physics.

  4. Per una critica dell'immaginario pop: da Benjamin a Baudrillard e ritorno

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vanni Codeluppi

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available In the last decades, critical analysis renounced to attack the pop imaginary. This article sustain that it’s possible reactivate this analysis if we consider the works of some scholars from the past. Therefore, this essay analyze the works of Benjamin, McLuhan, Barthes, Eco, but also those of the Birmingham School and of the cultural studies. Above all, analyze in deep the work of Jean Baudrillard.

  5. Per una critica dell'immaginario pop: da Benjamin a Baudrillard e ritorno

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vanni Codeluppi

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available In the last decades, critical analysis renounced to attack the pop imaginary. This article sustain that it’s possible reactivate this analysis if we consider the works of some scholars from the past. Therefore, this essay analyze the works of Benjamin, McLuhan, Barthes, Eco, but also those of the Birmingham School and of the cultural studies. Above all, analyze in deep the work of Jean Baudrillard.

  6. Traveling Wave Solutions of the Benjamin-Bona-Mahony Water Wave Equations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. R. Seadawy

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The modeling of unidirectional propagation of long water waves in dispersive media is presented. The Korteweg-de Vries (KdV and Benjamin-Bona-Mahony (BBM equations are derived from water waves models. New traveling solutions of the KdV and BBM equations are obtained by implementing the extended direct algebraic and extended sech-tanh methods. The stability of the obtained traveling solutions is analyzed and discussed.

  7. Electrotherapy for melancholia: the pioneering contributions of Benjamin Franklin and Giovanni Aldini

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bolwig, Tom G; Fink, Max

    2009-01-01

    The electrical induction of seizures with a therapeutic aim began in 1938, but the history of electric currents to relieve mental illness began 2 centuries earlier with the pioneering work of the Italian Giovanni Aldini and the American Benjamin Franklin.These early experiments are described...... demonstrating that the electrical force encouraged hopeful applications. This history emphasizes the unique contribution in the induction of grand mal seizures as the therapeutic basis rather than the role of electricity alone....

  8. Recensión a Crítica a la violencia de Walter Benjamin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Javier Ordoñez Etxeverria

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Inicialmente, Benjamin busca dónde encontrar la violencia que desea someter a crítica. Y la encuentra en el derecho: la relación fundamental y más elemental de todo ordenamiento jurídico es la de fin y medio; y la violencia, para comenzar, sólo puede ser buscada en el reino de los medios y no en el de los fines.

  9. Avi Benjamin vahetas labajalavaltseri sünagoogimuusika vastu / Aarne Ruben

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ruben, Aarne, 1971-

    2007-01-01

    Juuditemaatikat käsitlevatest filmidest : Steven Spielbergi mängufilm "München" ("Munich"), Ameerika Ühendriigid 2005; dokumentaalfilm "Su nimi olgu Iisrael", režissöör Peeter Brambat, Adel TV 2004, Maiju Ingmani muusikaline portreefilm "Tagasitulek koju" Eesti päritolu Iisraeli heliloojast ja pianistist Avi Nedzvetskist (Iisraelis tuntud kui Avi Benjamin), Adel TV, 2007. Kahe viimase filmi käsikiri Irina Stelmachilt

  10. Avi Benjamin vahetas labajalavaltseri sünagoogimuusika vastu / Aarne Ruben

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ruben, Aarne, 1971-

    2007-01-01

    Juuditemaatikat käsitlevatest filmidest : Steven Spielbergi mängufilm "München" ("Munich"), Ameerika Ühendriigid 2005; dokumentaalfilm "Su nimi olgu Iisrael", režissöör Peeter Brambat, Adel TV 2004, Maiju Ingmani muusikaline portreefilm "Tagasitulek koju" Eesti päritolu Iisraeli heliloojast ja pianistist Avi Nedzvetskist (Iisraelis tuntud kui Avi Benjamin), Adel TV, 2007. Kahe viimase filmi käsikiri Irina Stelmachilt

  11. How to Read (With Benjamin: From Cultural History of Materialism to Materialist History of Culture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrick Healy

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Footprint 18 investigates the following issues: what Benjamin understands by the ‘constellation of awakening’, how he conceptualises ‘dialectical images’, his deployment of montage, his refusal of a conception of either progress or decline, and his undertaking to show that the images belong not only to a particular time but attain legibility only at a particular time. Famously, according to Benjamin, image is that wherein what has been comes together in a flash with the now to form a constellation. With regard to the architectural theory Benjamin engaged directly with the tectonic tradition, especially the work of Bötticher. He posited the tectonic unconscious and the deployment of optical instruments as crucial for understanding the development which architecture carried from the luxus capitalist forms of commodity. In light of technical innovations in iron and glass, it expressed a form of projective dream work of the architectural around material realisations as products of the industrial revolution, with long consequences for the future.

  12. A experiência urbana nos comentários de Benjamin aos poemas de Brecht

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciano Gatti

    Full Text Available O artigo aborda os comentários de Walter Benjamin aos poemas do ciclo "Manual para habitantes das cidades" de Bertolt Brecht, a fim de discutir a especificidade da lírica brechtiana no quadro mais geral da reflexão de Benjamin sobre a lírica urbana moderna. Benjamin retoma duas questões decisivas à constituição da obra de Brecht: a sobriedade da linguagem e o ensinamento como forma de transmissão da experiência urbana e política. Esse vínculo entre experiência e transmissão não se reduz à instrução de condições de sobrevivência na cidade grande, mas se constitui, sobretudo, no aprendizado de uma postura crítica perante a cidade. Enquanto a comunicação entre indivíduos isolados é precária e a organização política aproxima-se da ilegalidade, os poemas almejam a constituição de um vínculo entre "eu" e "tu" por meio da reflexão poética da experiência urbana.

  13. Beyond Experience -- Educating Coast Guard Officers for the Demands of Professional Excellence

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-19

    and affective learning objectives in OPMEP for JPME levels which is an established professional standard. Benjamin Bloom , ed., Taxonomy of Educational ... Bloom , Benjamin, ed., Taxonomy of Educational Objectives : Book 1 Cognitive Domain. New York: Longman, 1956. Cogan, Charles. “Desert One and Its...on a taxonomy of educational objectives – the knowledge and attitudes needed at each grade for professional progression.40 Individual officers are

  14. The cinema and Walter Benjamin: a discontinuous experience of life Cinema e Walter Benjamin: para uma vivência da descontinuidade

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cássio dos Santos Tomaim

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available This article is an initiative of presenting some elements of Walter Benjamin’s reflections about cinema, and, according to the author, it is an art that give the answers for the modern man perceptive longings, to whom any experience was denied. The cinema, “the work of art in the era of its technical reproduction”, is ultimately for the author the mark of a new perception, of a new relationship between public and the work of art: the collective perception. What the crowd searches is not the contemplation or the withdrawal in front of a work of art, but entertainment. The cinema insists on this characteristic of entertaining when it reproduces the benjaminian concept of “shock experience”, through successive exhibitions of its fragments and constantly interrupting the association of the spectators ideas, (reaffirming the character of amusement of the modern art. However, for the author, the cinema dialectically responds to the amusement as an appropriate instrument for a pedagogy of the crowds – through an emancipated art, the masses would also become emancipated. Keywords: Cine. Walter Benjamin. ‘The shock experience’. Modernity. Este artigo é uma iniciativa de destacar alguns elementos a respeito das reflexões de Walter Benjamin sobre o cinema, uma arte que, segundo o próprio autor, responde aos anseios perceptivos do homem moderno, àquele para o qual foi negada qualquer experiência. O cinema, “a obra de arte na era de sua reprodutibilidade técnica”, por excelência, é, para o autor, o marco de uma nova percepção, de uma nova relação entre público e obra de arte: a percepção coletiva. O que a multidão busca não é a contemplação ou o recolhimento diante da obra de arte, mas a sua distração. Fato que o cinema, ao reproduzir em sua forma o conceito benjaminiano de “experiência do choque”, por meio das sucessivas exposições de seus fragmentos, interrompendo constantemente a associação de id

  15. Renowned European Laboratory turns 50

    CERN Document Server

    2004-01-01

    A European Laboratory that was the birthplace of the World Wide Web and home of Nobel prize-winning developments in the quest to understand the makeup of matter wished itself a happy 50th birtheday on Tuesday

  16. The Future of Educational Research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farley, Frank H., Ed.

    1982-01-01

    Seven past presidents of the American Educational Research Association discuss trends and the probable nature of educational research in the 1980s. Authors include N.L. Gage, Benjamin S. Bloom, David R. Krathwohl, Robert M. Gagne, Robert Glaser, Robert Ebel, and Robert L. Thorndike. (GC)

  17. “元四家”山水画的隐逸特征%Seclusive characteristics of landscape paintings by the four renowned artists in the Yuan Dynasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卞冬仙

    2014-01-01

    元四家在长期的绘画实践中,融合笔墨的写意精神,通过对物象描绘表达画家的主观心绪,忽略物象的形似而重神似,逐渐形成了尚逸、尚意的山水画风。文人画家主张“逸笔草草,不求形似”,追求“脱俗”和“自娱”的美学思想体现了文人画家之“隐”与山水画之“逸”的结合。%The four renowned artists in the Yuan Dynasty made a spiritual fusion of hands and ink in the long-term practice of painting.They expressed the painters’subjective state of mind by depicting the images with emphasis on spiritual similarities and ignorance of the objective shapes.Such practice of painting gradually developed into a style of landscaoe paintings worshiping confort and spirit.Literati painters advocated “leisure pen in painting,not for the shape”with the aesthetic pursuit of“Free from vulgarity”and “self entertainment”,which reflects the con-bination of the literati painters’ “hidden”with the landscape painters’ “ease”.

  18. Benjamin Rush and John Minson Galt, II. Pioneers of bibliotherapy in America.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weimerskirch, P J

    1965-10-01

    The history of bibliotherapy in America goes back at least to the early part of the nineteenth century. Benjamin Rush was one of the first Americans to recommend the use of bibliotherapy; John Minson Galt, II, was the first American to write an article on the subject. Reading was considered one of the best therapeutic measures in treating mental patients, and by the middle of the nineteenth century every major mental hospital had a patients' library; many were quite extensive. Newspapers and periodicals were supplied in great numbers, and the works of Sir Walter Scott enjoyed great popularity.

  19. Rememoração e citação em Walter Benjamin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Georg Otte

    1996-10-01

    Full Text Available Análise de dois conceitos-chave na obra de Walter Benjamin, a rememoração e a citação, e de suas implicações para a relação entre história e texto. A história enquanto texto (narrativa e o texto em sua história. Questionamento dos conceitos da originalidade e da influência, também no contexto do colonialismo.

  20. Draw the lightning down Benjamin Franklin and electrical technology in the age of enlightenment

    CERN Document Server

    Schiffer, Michael Brian; Bell, Carrie L

    2006-01-01

    Most of us know--at least we've heard--that Benjamin Franklin conducted some kind of electrical experiment with a kite. What few of us realize--and what this book makes powerfully clear--is that Franklin played a major role in laying the foundations of modern electrical science and technology. This fast-paced book, rich with historical details and anecdotes, brings to life Franklin, the large international network of scientists and inventors in which he played a key role, and their amazing inventions. We learn what these early electrical devices--from lights and motors to musical and medical i

  1. Solitary and Jacobi elliptic wave solutions of the generalized Benjamin-Bona-Mahony equation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Belobo, Didier Belobo; Das, Tapas

    2017-07-01

    Exact bright, dark, antikink solitary waves and Jacobi elliptic function solutions of the generalized Benjamin-Bona-Mahony equation with arbitrary power-law nonlinearity will be constructed in this work. The method used to carry out the integration is the F-expansion method. Solutions obtained have fractional and integer negative or positive power-law nonlinearities. These solutions have many free parameters such that they may be used to simulate many experimental situations, and to precisely control the dynamics of the system.

  2. Investigation of the maximum amplitude increase from the Benjamin-Feir instability

    CERN Document Server

    Karjanto, N; Peterson, P

    2011-01-01

    The Nonlinear Schr\\"odinger (NLS) equation is used to model surface waves in wave tanks of hydrodynamic laboratories. Analysis of the linearized NLS equation shows that its harmonic solutions with a small amplitude modulation have a tendency to grow exponentially due to the so-called Benjamin-Feir instability. To investigate this growth in detail, we relate the linearized solution of the NLS equation to a fully nonlinear, exact solution, called soliton on finite background. As a result, we find that in the range of instability the maximum amplitude increase is finite and can be at most three times the initial amplitude.

  3. The sons of Caim: the race of outcasts and disinherited in Walter Benjamin and Charles Baudelaire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo André Ferreira Martins

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to develop a reflection essay about the philosophical and literary representation concerning the marginalized and oppressed in history, inside the works of Charles Baudelaire and Walter Benjamin. This is to ascertain and analyze how these two authors, from their respective works, allowed the proletariat gradually took the shape of an object and productive character for social and lyrical reflection, thus, in the wake of works as Flowers of Evil, the assumption of themes drawn from a tradition historically long, connected, in turn, by the recent historiographical perspective from below.

  4. Sinc and solitary wave solutions to the generalized Benjamin-Bona-Mahony-Burgers equations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Alqruan, Marwan; Al-Khaled, Kamel, E-mail: marwan04@just.edu.jo, E-mail: kamel@just.edu.jo [Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid 22110 (Jordan)

    2011-06-01

    In this paper, we consider the generalized Benjamin-Bona-Mahony-Burgers (BBMB) equations. A variety of exact solutions to the BBMB equations are developed by means of the tanh method. A sinc-Galerkin procedure is also developed to solve the BBMB equations. Sinc approximations to both the derivatives and the indefinite integrals reduce the system to an explicit system of algebraic equations. It is shown that sinc-Galerkin approximations produce an error of exponential order. A comparison of the two methods for solving the BBMB equation was made regarding their solutions. The study outlines the features of the sinc method.

  5. Walter Benjamin y los pasajes de París: el abordaje metodológico

    OpenAIRE

    Daniel Hiernaux-Nicolas

    1999-01-01

    Walter Benjamin (1892-1940) ha sido uno de los investigadores más creativos de su generación, además de lo difícil que resulta ubicarlo en una línea, debido a la vastedad, intensidad y variedad de una obra que sólo llegó entera al público gracias a la recopilación de las Gesammelte Schriften, realizada por Rolf Tiedemann durante los años sesenta y setenta. Si bien en la actualidad existe una moda benjaminiana, falta mucho por analizar, entre otros aspectos, lo referente a los textos o citas d...

  6. Brecht e Benjamin: peça de aprendizagem e ordenamento experimental

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jeanne-Marie Gagnebin

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available A partir de uma breve definição das condições de possibilidade do “Lehrstück” (peça de aprendizagem brechtiano, são apresentados os conceitos de exercício (“Übung”, de ordenamento experimental (“Versuchsanordnung” e de espaço de jogo (“Spielraum” na teoria do teatro épico de Walter Benjamin, conceitos essenciais para sua tentativa de reformulação de uma estética materialista contemporânea.

  7. La Bella Durmiente y el motivo del despertar de la juventud en el Walter Benjamin temprano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariela Silvana Vargas

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este artículo es analizar la imagen del despertar como ‘despertar de la juventud’ en La Bella Durmiente (1911, el primer texto teórico de Benjamin y mostrar que esta figura no está exenta de una profunda ambigüedad y de contradicciones propias de su ‘metafísica de la juventud’. La juventud, como el sujeto capaz de llevar a cabo transformaciones sociales radicales debe ser, como la Bella Durmiente, despertada por otro. Esta paradójica pasividad marcaría el destino del Jugendbewegung.

  8. Improved decay rates for solutions for a multidimensional generalized Benjamin-Bona-Mahony equation

    KAUST Repository

    Said-Houari, Belkacem

    2014-01-01

    In this paper, we study the decay rates of solutions for the generalized Benjamin-Bona-Mahony equation in multi-dimensional space. For initial data in some L1-weighted spaces, we prove faster decay rates of the solutions. More precisely, using the Fourier transform and the energy method, we show the global existence and the convergence rates of the solutions under the smallness assumption on the initial data and we give better decay rates of the solutions. This result improves early works in J. Differential Equations 158(2) (1999), 314-340 and Nonlinear Anal. 75(7) (2012), 3385-3392. © 2014-IOS Press.

  9. The scattering transform for the Benjamin-Ono equation in the small-dispersion limit

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Peter D.; Wetzel, Alfredo N.

    2016-10-01

    Using exact formulae for the scattering data of the Benjamin-Ono equation valid for general rational potentials recently obtained in Miller and Wetzel [17], we rigorously analyze the scattering data in the small-dispersion limit. In particular, we deduce precise asymptotic formulae for the reflection coefficient, the location of the eigenvalues and their density, and the asymptotic dependence of the phase constant (associated with each eigenvalue) on the eigenvalue itself. Our results give direct confirmation of conjectures in the literature that have been partly justified by means of inverse scattering, and they also provide new details not previously reported in the literature.

  10. Walter Benjamin and the Methodology of Anthropological Materialism: Striking Dialectical Sparks from Ernst Thälmann’s Bronze Head

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joanna Kusiak

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available In his methodology as well as his political thought Benjamin remainsfaithful to the principle to proceed “always radically, never consistently”. Therefore,the greatest challenge for a contemporary city researcher inspired by Benjamin is tooperationalise his materialist methodology. Benjamin’s anthropological materialismcannot be reached within the fixed limits of any discipline, but rather places itself“on the crossroads of magic and positivism” (Adorno; the dialectical image is nota tool of his methodology but its culminating point where positivism turns to magic.To reach this point, Benjamin conducts perceptive and analytical experiments thatcan be treated as dialectical études, exercises in seeing. The paper examines some ofthese techniques, exploring their philosophical context and testing them on a contemporaryexample: the Ernst-Thälmann-Monument in Berlin.

  11. Fases da história da fotografia e a questão da aura, segundo Walter Benjamin

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    Orlando José Ribeiro de Oliveira

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo aborda as fases da história da fotografia propostas por Walter Benjamin, no ensaio Pequena História da Fotografia, e discute as transformações que atingiram a obra de arte na modernidade, à luz do conceito de aura. A periodização estabelecida por Benjamin - apogeu, declínio, revitalização - é ilustrada com trabalhos dos fotógrafos referidos pelo autor no texto em que visa à “compreensão real da essência da arte fotográfica”.

  12. Para un concepto de no lineal de Historia. Reflexiones a partir de Walter Benjamin

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    Stefan Gandler

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available O ponto de partida deste estudo é o mais recente texto de Walter Benjamin, sua tese "Sobre o conceito de história". Benjamin apela para a importância da teologia para o materialismo histórico, com a intenção de superar uma das razões decisivas porque o projeto único da teoria de Marx, em suas interpretações positivistas, não foi entendido com a necessária radicalidade e estava em risco de perder seu poder explicativo e seu impulso revolucionário. A necessidade de olhar para trás, em direção ao que chamamos de passado, é o foco do estudo, e é analisada no nível epistemológico, ontológico e político. O olhar para trás também é necessário porque o passado mostra como todas as atrocidades, que pensamos ter superado, podem voltar a qualquer momento em uma maneira que não podemos imaginar.

  13. Dispersive shock waves in the Kadomtsev-Petviashvili and two dimensional Benjamin-Ono equations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ablowitz, Mark J.; Demirci, Ali; Ma, Yi-Ping

    2016-10-01

    Dispersive shock waves (DSWs) in the Kadomtsev-Petviashvili (KP) equation and two dimensional Benjamin-Ono (2DBO) equation are considered using step like initial data along a parabolic front. Employing a parabolic similarity reduction exactly reduces the study of such DSWs in two space one time (2 + 1) dimensions to finding DSW solutions of (1 + 1) dimensional equations. With this ansatz, the KP and 2DBO equations can be exactly reduced to the cylindrical Korteweg-de Vries (cKdV) and cylindrical Benjamin-Ono (cBO) equations, respectively. Whitham modulation equations which describe DSW evolution in the cKdV and cBO equations are derived and Riemann type variables are introduced. DSWs obtained from the numerical solutions of the corresponding Whitham systems and direct numerical simulations of the cKdV and cBO equations are compared with very good agreement obtained. In turn, DSWs obtained from direct numerical simulations of the KP and 2DBO equations are compared with the cKdV and cBO equations, again with good agreement. It is concluded that the (2 + 1) DSW behavior along self similar parabolic fronts can be effectively described by the DSW solutions of the reduced (1 + 1) dimensional equations.

  14. DESPERTAR DEL SUEÑO: WALTER BENJAMIN Y EL PROBLEMA DEL SHOCK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guido Vespucci

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo pretende analizar la noción de shock como una puerta de acceso a la obra de Walter Benjamin. A través de la exploración de algunos de sus escritos más originales (tales como «La obra de arte en la época de su reproductibilidad técnica», las «Tesis de filosofía de la historia», el Libro de los Pasajes, entre otros y sobre la base de una selección de ensayos acerca de su obra, intentaremos capturar la productividad analítica del concepto con el fin de poder iluminar su función operativa (filosófica y política, en el tratamiento que Benjamin realiza sobre una variedad de temas como el arte, la cultura, el capitalismo, la reproducción técnica y la experiencia del sujeto moderno.

  15. Memória e história: Hannah Arendt em diálogo com Walter Benjamin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Magalhães, Marionilde Brepohl de

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available A autora tem como proposta refletir sobre o papel da memória e da História em nossa cultura contemporânea, através de uma aproximação ao pensamento de Hannah Arendt e Walter Benjamin

  16. A poética da tradução em Walter Benjamin e Haroldo de Campos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciene Guimarães de Oliveira

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available Este ensaio visa traçar um paralelo entre a poética da tradução de Walter Benjamin, em “A Tarefa do Tradutor”, e a de Haroldo de Campos, poeta, tradutor, e crítico brasileiro em sua teoria da tradução.

  17. 78 FR 42036 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Port Lions, AK, De Beque, CO, Benjamin, Cisco, Rule, and Shamrock, TX

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-15

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Port Lions, AK, De Beque, CO, Benjamin, Cisco, Rule... 237C3; Cisco, Channel 261C3; Rule, Channel 288C2; and Shamrock, Channel 225C2. BILLING CODE 6712-01-P...

  18. Neurophilia: Guiding Educational Research and the Educational Field?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smeyers, Paul

    2016-01-01

    For a decade or so there has been a new "hype" in educational research: it is called educational neuroscience or even neuroeducation (and neuroethics)--there are numerous publications, special journals, and an abundance of research projects together with the advertisement of many positions at renowned research centres worldwide. After a…

  19. Marx and Education. Routledge Key Ideas in Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anyon, Jean

    2011-01-01

    There was only one Karl Marx, but there have been a multitude of Marxisms. This concise, introductory book by internationally renowned scholar Jean Anyon centers on the ideas of Marx that have been used in education studies as a guide to theory, analysis, research, and practice. "Marx and Education" begins with a brief overview of basic Marxist…

  20. Benjamin Franklin, electricity, and the palsies: on the 300th anniversary of his birth.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Finger, Stanley

    2006-05-23

    Benjamin Franklin was involved not only with the nature of electricity but with its possible medical utility. He conducted electrical experiments on people with palsies, notably those caused by stroke, to see if electricity from machines could restore movement. Franklin recognized that electricity was not the miraculous cure it was hoped to be, and he presented his findings in 1757 as communication to the Royal Society. Although he did not provide names or individual case studies in this communication, subsequently published in 1758, his personal letters reveal that he treated at least two important colonists: James Logan, William Penn's secretary and a prominent public official in Pennsylvania, and Jonathan Belcher, governor of several provinces. Franklin's private letters shed light on how he conducted his clinical "tryals" and why he drew the conclusions he did in his report to the Royal Society.

  1. African American students' reactions to Benjamin Cooke's "Nonverbal Communication Among Afro-Americans: An Initial Classification".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Greene, Deric M; Stewart, Felicia R

    2011-01-01

    The nonverbal communication behavior of Black people continues to take new forms as time progresses. In Kochman's 1972 book, Rappin' and Stylin' Out: Communication in Urban Black America, Benjamin Cooke introduced an initial classification and code of nonverbal behaviors among people of African descent. In this study, students react to Cooke's study conducted in the late 1960s by commenting on Cooke's initial findings in comparison to nonverbal behaviors practiced among Black people as of late. Respondents suggest that while differences and variations exist between the expression of nonverbal behaviors exhibited by the original group studied and people recently observed, there yet remains a similarity in the cultural significance and motivation behind the displays.

  2. Ur phänomen y su transposición:: Benjamin y el Idealismo goetheano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tupac Cruz

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Una lectura de la "Erkenntnis-kritische Vorrede" a Ursprung des deutsches Trauerspiels busca determinar en qué sentido Benjamin efectúa, en la teoría de las ideas allí esbozada, lo que él mismo llamó después una "tranposicion" del concepto goetheano de Urphänomen. El cotejo con algunos de los naturwissenschaftliche Schriften de Goethe sugiere que ambos autores aventuran una manera de pensar la relación entre los conceptos de verdad y totalidad a través de la confrontación y manipulación forzosa de las distinciones introducidas por la filosofía crítica de Kant. En este sentido sus esbozos lógicos y epistemológicos se dejan leer como marcadores de los momentos inaugural y concluyente del proyecto del idealismo alemán.

  3. Solitons, compactons and undular bores in Benjamin-Bona-Mahony-like systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saha, Aparna; Talukdar, B.; Das, Umapada; Chatterjee, Supriya

    2017-02-01

    We examine the effect of dissipation on travelling waves in nonlinear dispersive systems modelled by Benjamin-Bona-Mahony (BBM)-like equations. In the absence of dissipation, the BBM-like equations are found to support soliton and compacton /anticompacton solutions depending on whether the dispersive term is linear or nonlinear. We study the influence of increasing nonlinearity of the medium on the soliton and compacton dynamics. The dissipative effect is found to convert the solitons either to undular bores or to shock-like waves depending on the degree of nonlinearity of the equations. The anticompacton solutions are also transformed to undular bores by the effect of dissipation. But the compactons tend to vanish due to viscous effects. The local oscillatory structures behind the bores and /or shock-like waves in the case of solitons and anticompactons are found to depend sensitively both on the coefficient of viscosity and solution of the unperturbed problem.

  4. Well-posedness and computation of solutions of a regularized Benjamin-Ono system

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Felipe Alexander Pipicano

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se estudia la existencia y la unicidad de soluciones del problema de Cauchy, en el caso periódico, para un sistema de tipo Benjamin-Ono regularizado (rBO, usando teoría de semigrupos, análisis de Fourier y el Teorema del punto fijo de Banach. Este sistema fue deducido recientemente por Muñoz [12] como un modelo débilmente dispersivo para la propagación de ondas internas con pequeña amplitud en la interface de dos fluidos inmiscibles con densidades constantes. Además se realizan algunos experimentos numéricos para analizar el error y la convergencia en tiempo y espacio de un esquema espectral de Fourier completamente discreto, a fin de aproximar las soluciones del problema de valor inicial asociado con el sistema rBO.

  5. DESPERTAR DEL SUEÑO: WALTER BENJAMIN Y EL PROBLEMA DEL SHOCK

    OpenAIRE

    Guido Vespucci

    2010-01-01

    El presente artículo pretende analizar la noción de shock como una puerta de acceso a la obra de Walter Benjamin. A través de la exploración de algunos de sus escritos más originales (tales como «La obra de arte en la época de su reproductibilidad técnica», las «Tesis de filosofía de la historia», el Libro de los Pasajes, entre otros) y sobre la base de una selección de ensayos acerca de su obra, intentaremos capturar la productividad analítica del concepto con el fin de poder iluminar su fun...

  6. Predictability of the Appearance of Anomalous Waves at Sufficiently Small Benjamin-Feir Indices

    CERN Document Server

    Ruban, V P

    2016-01-01

    The numerical simulation of the nonlinear dynamics of random sea waves at moderately small Benjamin-Feir indices and its comparison with the linear dynamics (at the coincidence of spatial Fourier harmonics near a spectral peak at a certain time $t_p$) indicate that the appearance of a rogue wave can be predicted in advance. If the linear approximation shows the presence of a sufficiently extensive and/or high group of waves in the near future after $t_p$, an anomalous wave is almost necessarily formed in the nonlinear model. The interval of reliable forecasting covers several hundred wave periods, which can be quite sufficient in practice for, e.g., avoiding the meeting of a ship with a giant wave.

  7. Periodic solutions of fully nonlinear autonomous equations of Benjamin-Ono type

    CERN Document Server

    Baldi, Pietro

    2012-01-01

    We prove the existence of time-periodic, small amplitude solutions of autonomous quasilinear or fully nonlinear completely resonant pseudo-PDEs of Benjamin-Ono type in Sobolev class. The result holds for frequencies in a Cantor set that has asymptotically full measure as the amplitude goes to zero. At the first order of amplitude, the solutions are the superposition of an arbitrarily large number of waves that travel with different velocities (multimodal solutions). The equation can be considered as a Hamiltonian, reversible system plus a non-Hamiltonian (but still reversible) perturbation that contains derivatives of the highest order. The main difficulties of the problem are: an infinite-dimensional bifurcation equation, and small divisors in the linearized operator, where also the highest order derivatives have nonconstant coefficients. The main technical step of the proof is the reduction of the linearized operator to constant coefficients up to a regularizing rest, by means of changes of variables and co...

  8. An infinite branching hierarchy of time-periodic solutions of the Benjamin-Ono equation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wilkening, Jon

    2008-07-01

    We present a new representation of solutions of the Benjamin-Ono equation that are periodic in space and time. Up to an additive constant and a Galilean transformation, each of these solutions is a previously known, multi-periodic solution; however, the new representation unifies the subset of such solutions with a fixed spatial period and a continuously varying temporal period into a single network of smooth manifolds connected together by an infinite hierarchy of bifurcations. Our representation explicitly describes the evolution of the Fourier modes of the solution as well as the particle trajectories in a meromorphic representation of these solutions; therefore, we have also solved the problem of finding periodic solutions of the ordinary differential equation governing these particles, including a description of a bifurcation mechanism for adding or removing particles without destroying periodicity. We illustrate the types of bifurcation that occur with several examples, including degenerate bifurcations not predicted by linearization about traveling waves.

  9. The musical magic of ambiguity in Benjamin Britten’s Death in Venice

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    B.M. Spies

    2001-08-01

    Full Text Available This essay investigates the blurred musical significations in Benjamin Britten’s Death in Venice, an opera based on Thomas Mann’s important novella Der Tod in Venedig. The discussion of multiple meanings links up with two categories of ambiguity as set out by William Empson in his Seven Types of Ambiguity, that is two or more meanings which do not agree among themselves, but combine to make clear a more complicated state of mind, and two opposite meanings that show a fundamental division in the mind of the protagonist. It is indicated how this opera, as a story through music, portrays the physical and moral decay of the anti-hero, Gustav von Aschenbach, who enters the opera as a celebrated, worldrenowned writer.

  10. The Benjamin H. Kean Travel Fellowship in Tropical Medicine: Assessment of Impact at 15 Years.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carman, Aubri S; John, Chandy C

    2017-06-26

    The Benjamin H. Kean Fellowship in Tropical Medicine is an American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene initiative that provides medical students with funding for international clinical or research experiences lasting at least 1 month. Of the 175 Kean fellows from 1998 to 2013, 140 had current available e-mails, and 70 of the 140 (50%) responded to a survey about their fellowship experience. Alumni indicated that the Kean Fellowship had a high impact on their career plans with regard to preparation for (N = 65, 94.2%) and inspiration to pursue (N = 59, 88.1%) a career in tropical medicine and global health. Continued involvement in tropical medicine and global health was common: 52 alumni (74.3%) were currently working in tropical medicine or global health, 49 (71.0%) had done so in the interim between the Kean fellowship and their current position; and 17 of 19 Kean fellows (89.4%) who had completed all medical training and were now in professional practice continued to work in tropical medicine and global health. Alumni had been highly productive academically, publishing a total of 831 PubMed-indexed manuscripts, almost all on tropical medicine or global health topics, in the period between their fellowship year and 2013. Alumni reported strengths of the fellowship including funding, networking, and flexibility, and suggested that more networking and career mentoring would enhance the program. The Benjamin H. Kean fellowship program has been highly successful at inspiring and fostering ongoing work by trainees in tropical medicine and global health.

  11. Well-posedness and computation of solutions of a regularized Benjamin-Ono system

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Felipe Alexander Pipicano

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available This article is concerned with the existence and uniqueness of solutions of the Cauchy problem in the periodic setting for a regularized Benjamin-Ono type system (rBO by using semigroup theory, Fourier analysis and Banach’s fixed point theorem. This system was recently derived by Muñoz [12] as a weakly dispersive model for the propagation of small amplitude internal waves at the interface of two immiscible fluids with constant densities. We also conduct some numerical experiments to analyze the error and convergence in time and space of a fully discrete Fourier spectral scheme, for approximating the solutions of the initial value problem associated to the rBO system. Resumen. En este artículo se estudia la existencia y la unicidad de soluciones del problema de Cauchy, en el caso periódico, para un sistema de tipo Benjamin-Ono regularizado (rBO, usando teoría de semigrupos, análisis de Fourier y el Teorema del punto fijo de Banach. Este sistema fue deducido recientemente por Muñoz [12] como un modelo débilmente dispersivo para la propagación de ondas internas con pequeña amplitud en la interface de dos fluidos inmiscibles con densidades constantes. Además se realizan algunos experimentos numéricos para analizar el error y la convergencia en tiempo y espacio de un esquema espectral de Fourier completamente discreto, a fin de aproximar las soluciones del problema de valor inicial asociado con el sistema rBO.

  12. “Intermittency: the differential of time and the integral of space. The intensive spatiality of the Monad, the Apokatastasis and the Messianic World in Benjamin's latest thinking”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabrizio Desideri

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available The main topic of my paper concerns the theological-philosophical nexus between the intensive and qualitative spatiality of the Monad and the Origenian idea of Apokatastasis as a nexus that can clarify Benjamin's latest idea of the Messianic World. The first step will be, therefore, to explain (1 Benjamin's use of the Origenian notion of Apokatastasis in his Essay on Leskov and in the Passagenwerk. Secondly, I will discuss (2 how and to what extent such use is relevant for Benjamin's idea of Messianism. Thirdly, I will propose (3 the thesis that, for Benjamin, a messianic idea of time implies a monadological idea of space. In this regard, the relationship between continuity and discontinuity, which is crucial to understand the late Benjamin's idea of history, must be understood precisely as a dialectical relationship that involves not only time but also space. (4 The figure of intermittence – as we shall see – expresses in the most suitable way the intertwining of space and time as dialectically and  messianicaly oriented. This sequence of logical steps and critical considerations will shed light on the true nature of Benjamin's idea of dialectics and on its relationship to the idea of the totality. The real term of confrontation of Benjamin's late philosophy (from the Passagenwerk to the Theses on the concept of history does not concern, therefore, Heidegger, but Hegel. In the light of this confrontation, Heidegger's Being and Time is already in pieces. It is as it were – we can say – behind Benjamin's movement of thought.

  13. Título da página electrónica: The Walter Benjamin Research Syndicate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Manuel Mendes

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Esta página procura ser um repertório de textos em torno da obra de Walter Benjamin e um incentivo à divulgação de trabalhos sobre a teoria crítica proposta por este autor. É editor da página Scott J. Thompson, docente do New College of California. No texto de apresentação, é referido que o objectivo central desta publicação electrónica é atender aos textos mais marginais de Walter Benjamin, excluídos ou pouco trabalhados na academia. Embora a página não esteja estruturada de forma a permitir...

  14. Well-posedness of Cauchy problems for Korteweg-de Vries-Benjamin-Ono equation and Hirota equation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HUO Zhaohui; GUO Boling

    2004-01-01

    The well-posedness of the Cauchy problems to the Korteweg-de Vries-Benjamin-Ono equation and Hirota equation is considered. For the Korteweg-de Vries-Benjamin-Ono equation, local result is established for data in Hs(R)(s≥-1/8). Moreover, the global well-posedness for data in L2(R) can be obtained. For Hirota equation, local result is established for initial data in Hs(s≥1/4) .In addition, the local solution is proved to be global in Hs (s≥1) if the initial data are in Hs (s≥1) by energy inequality and the generalization of the trilinear estimates associated with the Fourier restriction norm method.

  15. Un taccuino a forma di strada. Su "Einbahnstrasse" di Walter Benjamin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pier Giovanni Adamo

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available La poetica di F. Schlegel ha realizzato una storicizzazione della teoria dei generi letterari sostituendo alla dicotomia del classicismo tra forma e contenuto una distinzione tra forma e spirito, secondo cui i materiali linguistico-tematici rappresentano i precipitati di quest’ultimo. Riprendendo questa intuizione di P. Szondi, potremmo affermare che, nella modernità letteraria, l’ibridazione è il processo di transizione dei materiali attraverso le forme. Un’opera tanto esemplare quanto strutturalmente rilevante, nell’orizzonte dell’ibridazione, è Einbahnstraße di Walter Benjamin, dove i materiali più disparati sono combinati a modellare una forma innovativa. Vi si mescolano stilemi della poesia in prosa, narrazione diaristica, (antimetodo surrealista, satira e intuizioni filosofiche. L’unicità, d’altra parte, risiede innanzitutto nell’essenza metacritica del procedimento organizzativo del libro: il frammentismo sistematico è un’applicazione pratica della teoria allegorica del montaggio, descritta nell’Ursprung des deutschen Trauerspiels. Il saggio si propone di leggere il testo come «un taccuino a forma di strada», anche per indagarne il valore di prologo al Passagenwerk, nato dall’avida lettura del Paysan de Paris di Aragon: istituisce un confronto per rilevare, nell’affinità di fondo, la  diversità di approccio tra il pensatore tedesco e il surrealismo, distinguendo tecniche di assemblaggio e ruolo dell’immaginario nell’uso di pubblicità e altri oggetti metropolitani. L’intenzione di una simile analisi di Einbahnstraße è dimostrare che Benjamin combina modelli letterari (Baudelaire, Proust, Kraus su tutti con i nuovi linguaggi artistici e le strategie discorsive della stampa per creare un’«immagine dialettica» dell’esistenza nel XX secolo.Friedrich Schlegel’s poetics realized a historicisation of literary genres theory by replacing classicist dichotomy between form and content with a

  16. Bright and dark soliton solutions of the (3 + 1)-dimensional generalized Kadomtsev–Petviashvili equation and generalized Benjamin equation

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Ahmet Bekir; Özkan Güner

    2013-08-01

    In this paper, we obtain the 1-soliton solutions of the (3 + 1)-dimensional generalized Kadomtsev–Petviashvili (gKP) equation and the generalized Benjamin equation. By using two solitary wave ansatz in terms of sech$^{p}$ and tanh$^{p}$ functions, we obtain exact analytical bright and dark soliton solutions for the considered model. These solutions may be useful and desirable for explaining some nonlinear physical phenomena in genuinely nonlinear dynamical systems.

  17. Putting patients first. A conversation with Benjamin Chu, M.D., the new chair-elect of the AHA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weinstock, Matthew

    2011-11-01

    The son of immigrants, Benjamin Chu, M.D., has followed an unusual life path from New York's Chinatown to Southern California, where he is now an executive with Kaiser Foundation Hospitals and Health Plan. Dismayed by the daunting challenges facing health care, the AHA chair-elect became a strong believer that the system can and must change, always keeping the focus firmly on the patient.

  18. Mimese, linguagem e poesia: pensamentos sobre origem e repetição em Benjamin e Heidegger

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    Luiz Felipe da Cunha e Silva

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available A partir do pensamento de Benjamin sobre a repetição, a mimese e a semelhança não física, chega-se à linguagem e ao prazer do signo, que são discutidos à luz do pensamento de Heidegger sobre a origem da poesia e da obra de arte. O problema da origem da linguagem faz o pano de fundo da discussão.

  19. Benjamin Franklin, 1706-2008 : anatomie d’un tricentenaire transatlantique

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    Marie-Jeanne Rossignol

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Cet article analyse le Tricentenaire de Benjamin Franklin, qui eut lieu de 2006 à 2008. A l’occasion de cette date anniversaire, de nombreux livres furent publiés, des colloques et expositions organisés aux Etats-Unis. Ces travaux et manifestations ont produit un nouveau regard, critique, sur Franklin, père fondateur assez extraordinaire. L’exposition principale est venue à Paris, au cours de l’hiver 2007-2008, clairement dans le cadre d’une volonté de rapprocher les deux pays à la suite des controverses suscitées par la Guerre en Irak. Cette commémoration franco-américaine a eu comme objectif principal de souligner la diplomatie et la collaboration transatlantiques, et non de présenter Franklin sous toutes ses facettes, et de l’intégrer au contexte de son époque dans son pays. Un symposium fut donc organisé à l’Université Paris – Diderot afin de mettre en valeur les travaux scientifiques sur Franklin, français, mais aussi étrangers. Les principales communications sont présentées dans ce dossier.This paper offers reflections on the Benjamin Franklin Tercentenary, which took place from 2006 to 2008. This anniversary was celebrated by many publications, conferences and exhibitions in the United States, producing a renewed and critical understanding of Franklin, “not your usual founding father”. The main exhibition travelled to France (2007-2008, clearly as part of an attempt to patch up relationships between the two countries in the wake of the Iraq war controversy. The main focus in this Franco-American commemoration was on transatlantic diplomacy and collaboration, not really on Franklin in his multiple capacities, in his time and country of birth. The conference organized at Université Paris-Diderot in January 2008 was by contrast a scholarly affair, highlighting work on Franklin conducted by French and foreign specialists. Most of the papers are presented here.

  20. Entretelones de una "estética operatoria" Luis Juan Guerrero y Walter Benjamin

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    Luis Ignacio García

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se ensaya una aproximación a la labor estético-filosófica del argentino Luis Juan Guerrero (1899-1957, a través de un cotejo de su temprana y productiva recepción de algunos aspectos centrales de la obra de Walter Benjamin. Se intenta mostrar que esta clave de lectura permite un acceso privilegiado a la labor de Guerrero, a la vez que ayuda a construir una imagen más compleja y matizada de la generación intelectual "antipositivista" a la que perteneció. La olvidada obra de Guerrero se compone principalmente de trabajos sobre ética, psicología y estética. Acotaremos nuestra atención a su principal trabajo, y acaso la obra sobre estética más ambiciosa jamás escrita en nuestro país: Estética Operatoria en sus Tres Direcciones. Se muestra en el artículo que la summa estética de Guerrero, si bien expresa con toda claridad las preocupaciones centrales de una generación intelectual marcada por la cultura alemana de entreguerras y por la problemática de la "crisis de la cultura", inscribe, a su vez, una anomalía -benjaminiana-, una inflexión político-materialista, que pone en cuestión la idea frecuente de que la "crisis de la cultura" una y otra vez diagnosticada en aquella época mostró siempre alternativas "espiritualistas" de resolución.This essay deals with the aesthetic-philosophical work of the Argentinean Luis Juan Guerrero (1899-1957, through a consideration of its early and fruitful reception of some central aspects of Walter Benjamin's work. It is shown that this perspective allows a privileged access to Guerrero's work, at the same time that it makes more complex the image of the "anti-positivistic" intellectual generation in Argentina. Guerrero's forgotten work includes principally contributions on ethics, psychology and aesthetics. This essay will pay attention only to his most important work, maybe the most ambitious aesthetic work ever written in Argentina: Operatory Aesthetics in its Three

  1. Für das Spielen lernen wir – Konzept und Evaluation des internationalen Medizinstudierendenwettbewerbs "Benjamin Franklin Contest" [Learning for the game – concept and evaluation of the international medical student competition "Benjamin Franklin Contest"

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    Tolxdorff, Thomas

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available [english] Objective: In 1998 an international contest for medical students called “Benjamin Franklin Contest” was initiated by the former university hospital of Freie Universität Berlin on the occasion of the 30th anniversary of its foundation in 1968. Since then, seven teams from Germany, Austria, and Switzerland have been competing against each other every year. Five medical students per team match up in paper cases, diagnosis of medical images, multiple choice tests, and practical skills.Methods: All participants of the 11th Benjamin Franklin Contest (2009 were asked about their motivation, preparation strategy, and experience with the contest. Results: In total 92% (32 of 35 participated in the evaluation study. We show that improvement of medical knowledge is one of the key motivating factors behind participation in the competition. The teams were trained by self-study, tutorials, and learning groups. Remarkably, students invested 54.2 hours (SD 32 hours of their free time to prepare for the contest. Conclusions: The Benjamin Franklin Contest is an innovative approach to facilitate self-directed learning and develope medical competencies. [german] Zielsetzung: Im Jahr 1998 wurde am damaligen Universitätsklinikum Benjamin Franklin der Freien Universität (FU in Berlin der internationale Medizinstudierendenwettbewerb „Benjamin Franklin Contest“ (BFC initiiert. Anlass war damals der 30. Jahrestag der Gründung der Universitätsmedizin an der FU. Seitdem findet jedes Jahr ein Wettbewerb zwischen sieben Teams von medizinischen Fakultäten aus Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz statt. Jeweils fünf Studierende messen sich in den Kategorien Papierfälle, Blickdiagnosen, Auswahlfragen und praktische Fähigkeiten.Methodik: Ziel dieser Arbeit ist die Beschreibung des Projektes BFC und eine erste Evaluation der Erfahrung von Teilnehmenden. Dazu wurden alle Teilnehmenden des 11. BFC (2009 mittels eines selbst entwickelten Fragebogens

  2. Benjamin Hobson (1816-1873): His work as a medical missionary and influence on the practice of medicine and knowledge of anatomy in China and Japan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bosmia, Anand N; Patel, Toral R; Watanabe, Koichi; Shoja, Mohammadali M; Loukas, Marios; Tubbs, R Shane

    2014-03-01

    Benjamin Hobson was a British missionary and physician who lived in China for twenty years. He founded multiple hospitals in Southern China and used his knowledge of Western medicine to educate Chinese doctors. He wrote several medical textbooks in Chinese of which the first was the A New Theory of the Body (1851). The illustrations from his book were renditions and originals from William Cheselden's Anatomical Tables (1730) and Osteographia (1733).The Japanese version of Hobson's work appeared in Japan during the bakumatsu period (1853-1867), when Japan ended its isolationist foreign policy and began opening itself to the West. During this time, many books from Europe were translated into Chinese to then find their way into Japan. The Chinese anatomy textbook by Hobson (Quanti Xinlun) was instrumental in introducing Western anatomic knowledge to the Chinese and thereby catalyzing a significant change in the practice of medicine in China. A Japanese translation (Zen Tai Shin Ron) of this text published in the 19th century is reviewed.

  3. Benjamin Franklin and the dentist: the story of R. C. Skinner.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ring, Malvin

    2006-01-01

    Among Benjamin Franklin's papers was a letter from a young British immigrant, R. C. Skinner, asking for a loan of only twenty dollars to help this young man begin the practice of dentistry in this country. Although we don't know what the great man's response was to this appeal, Skinner went on to achieve fame in his profession. He was the first dentist ever, in this country, to be appointed to a hospital staff; he established the first free dental clinic for the poor; and he authored the first book on dentistry ever published in America, earning him the title "The Father of American Dental Literature." From a newspaper advertisement of 1794, further information has been gleaned about Skinner's practice: he not only did conventional dentistry, but also supplied missing eyes, ears, noses and legs. This was a forerunner of the contemporary subspecialty of prosthodontics termed "maxillofacial prosthetics". An interesting list of Skinner's services and his fees for each, gives us a good picture of what dentistry was like in Colonial America.

  4. Balloon Measurements of Electric Fields in Thunderstorms: A Modern Version of Benjamin Franklin's Kite

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    Marshall, T. C.; Stolzenburg, M.

    2006-12-01

    One of Benjamin Franklin's most famous experiments was the kite experiment, which showed that thunderstorms are electrically charged. It is not as commonly noted that the kite experiment was also one of the the first attempts to make an in situ measurement of any storm parameter. Franklin realized the importance of making measurements close to and within storms, and this realization has been shared by later atomspheric scientists. In this presentation we focus on a modern version of Franklin's kite--instrumented balloons--used for in situ measurements of electric field and other storm parameters. In particular, most of our knowledge of the charge structure inside thunderstorms is based on balloon soundings of electric field. Balloon measurements of storm electricity began with the work of Simpson and colleagues in the 1930's and 1940's. The next major instrumentation advances were made by Winn and colleagues in the 1970's and 1980's. Today's instruments are digital versions of the Winn design. We review the main instrument techniques that have allowed balloons to be the worthy successors to kites. We also discuss some of the key advances in our understanding of thunderstorm electrification made with in situ balloon-borne instruments.

  5. TU-A-17A-01: Memorial to Benjamin M. Galkin - Memorial Lecture

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    Suntharalingam, N [Voorhees, NJ (United States)

    2014-06-15

    This past year Medical Physics lost one of its active members, Benjamin M. Galkin. Ben Galkin was a Past-Treasurer of the AAPM. During his leadership role he played an important part in Securing membership, for the AAPM, in the American Institute of physics. As Treasurer he was also a prime mover in starting the journal, Medical Physics, and served as its business manager in the formative years.Ben Galkin received his Masters Degree at Columbia University in New York, under the mentorship of Dr. Edith Quimby, one of the pioneer Hospital Radiation Physicists in the country. He started his professional career at Jefferson Hospital in Philadelphia, joining Robert Gorson, and remained there until retirement. He served as the institution’s Radiation Safety Officer throughout his career. His research interest was Breast Imaging. He held joint faculty appointments in the Department of Radiology and the Department of Radiation Therapy and Nuclear Medicine, rising up to the rank of Full professor. He was a well respected teacher for the residents in Radiology.

  6. Benjamin Franklin and his glass armonica: from music as therapeutic to pathological.

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    Finger, Stanley; Zeitler, William

    2015-01-01

    In 1762, Benjamin Franklin, then in London, wrote a letter to a colleague in Italy describing his latest invention, a musical instrument he called the "armonica," which was based on how rubbing a wet finger on the rims of wine glasses could produce musical tones. In contrast to earlier sets of wine glasses that could be tapped or rubbed, Franklin put a set of glass bowls differing in size on a horizontal rod turned by a food treadle, thus freeing both hands for touching the rotating glasses and allowing musicians to play more than two glasses at a time, as well as eliminating the nuisance of water tuning. Franklin played his instrument for pleasure, to manipulate the "passions" (emotions) and to treat melancholia. Nevertheless, late in his lifetime some individuals began to view glass armonica music differently, alleging it could cause nerve damage and mental problems. Here, we look at how Franklin used his glass armonica to manipulate the passions and examine what he must have thought about it supposedly causing health problems. We present Franklin as an empiricist, whose focus was more on results than theories; as an astute student of human behavior understanding the power of charms and other "nonsense"; and as a man of medicine living in an era when much was being attributed to the nerves, even though next to nothing was really known about the underlying nerve force. © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  7. Benjamin and Russian Conservatism%本雅明与俄国保守主义

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    卢文雅

    2015-01-01

    本雅明对俄国的关注主要表现在两个方面,一是对俄国经典作家作品的阅读和评论,二是通过访问莫斯科,对革命烈火中的苏联的认识。其间他与俄国保守主义不期而遇,并在著述中给予这种倾向以暧昧的批评,这在一定程度上也反映了他深刻而复杂的艺术观与历史观。%Benjamin'attention to Russia is mainly manifested in two aspects.One is his reading of Russian classic writers and his comments on them, and the other is his understanding of Soviet in the wake of the revolution by visiting Moscow.In the meanwhile he got acquainted with Russian Conservatism by chance and gave this trend an ambiguous criticism, which in part reflected his profound and complicated views of art and history.

  8. Looking back, looking forward: a reexamination of Benjamin Wolstein's interlock and the emergence of intersubjectivity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bonovitz, Christopher

    2009-06-01

    In this paper the author takes a close look at Benjamin Wolstein's chapter, 'Therapy', from his book, Countertransference, published in 1959. This chapter contains a discussion of what he refers to as the interlock between analyst and patient, or today what we might describe as transference/countertransference enactment. The author shows how Wolstein's concept of the interlock and its relation to the analyst's countertransference was radical and innovative for its time. Wolstein's notion of a transference/countertransference interlock, along with the seminal contributions of Ferenczi and some of the early interpersonal theorists, anticipates the complexities of a two-person psychology and the entanglement which can occur from the intermingling of unconscious processes of analyst and patient in the experiential field. The author highlights three main ideas. First, the author provides a brief review of enactment with an emphasis on the role of the analyst's participation as conceptualized by the various theoretical perspectives. An historical context is given for Wolstein's clinical theorizing. Second, the author explicates Wolstein's concept of the interlock, with particular attention to the processes involved which account for the complexities it presents. Third, the author examines the 'working through' process, including the emergence of intersubjectivity in the resolution of the interlock. The author shows throughout Wolstein's emphasis on the influence of the analyst's personal psychology, mutuality, and intersubjectivity, all of which anticipated the gradual interpersonalization of psychoanalysis across the various schools of thought.

  9. Eurydice at Euston?: Walter Benjamin and Marc Augé Go Underground

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    Graeme Gilloch

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Taking as its point of departure Walter Benjamin’s repeatedly unsuccessful attempt to give spatial form to his past, this paper suggests that it is perhaps the contemporary French anthropologist, Marc Augé, who provides the most appropriate envisioning of a ‘map of memories’ in his brief writings on the Parisian métro system. For Augé, the labyrinthine subway network constitutes nothing less than a ‘memory machine’ in which lines and station names serve as mnemonics, recalling long-forgotten childhood encounters and experiences. Mirroring the cityscape above, places themselves unexplored, unknown, the serried toponyms of the métro become an incantation summoning forth the shades of the past. As Augé points out, those stations that provide opportunities to change lines are felicitously termed ‘correspondences’, a Baudelairean term that fascinated Benjamin and informed his key historiographical notion of the ‘dialectical image,’ the intersection and mutual illumination of past and present moments. For me, Augé’s highly suggestive reflections bring to mind my own memories of a London childhood around 1970. Looking at the London underground map today, I cannot but see the sites of many past meetings and partings, dots connected by lines forming complex figures, constellations of memory.

  10. Persona-lly Appealing: Benjamin Franklin’s Poor Richard and Authorial Self-Representation

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    Patricia F. Tarantello

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available While scholarship on Benjamin Franklin’s Autobiography describes his use of persona in nuanced terms, scholarship on Franklin’s earlier writings tends to characterize his use of persona as simply a device he used to eliminate personal details from his texts. This article, focused on Franklin’s Poor Richard persona, argues that he conceived of literary persona not simply as a tool to protect his anonymity, but also as a means of self-promotion and self-representation. Franklin used Poor Richard to make a space for himself in the literary marketplace, build a readership for the almanac, and create a positive public reputation for himself. Franklin’s early experiments in performing sincerity and authenticity through an invented personality prefigure the performances of identity he would deploy through his authorial persona in The Autobiography. Thus, by examining Franklin’s construction of identity in Poor Richard’s Almanack, we learn more about how he crafted a public identity for himself.

  11. As siglas em cores no Trabalho das passagens, de W. Benjamin

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    Willi Bolle

    1996-08-01

    Full Text Available Do que era para ser seu opus magnum, o Trabalho das passagens, concebido como uma história social da cidade de Paris no século XIX, W. Benjamin elaborou em 1938 um modelo, que ficou inacabado, mas do qual existe um plano de construção integral, reencontrado em 1981 na Bibliothèque Nationale da França. Com base no deciframento desses manuscritos, 80% inéditos, é apresentada aqui uma síntese do Modelo das passagens, em forma de uma constelação das 30 siglas em cores que simbolizam as 30 categorias construtivas. O trabalho se baseia na hipótese de que se trata de uma escrita esotérica com valores estéticos, semânticos e estruturadores próprios: recurso mimético destinado a ler o texto difícil da metrópole moderna. As siglas são analisadas sob sete aspectos: oficina de historiografia, escrita fisiognômica, visualização do tempo, história como cartografia, quadros de mentalidade, alegorização e radiografia de época. Atuando na intersecção entre tradições conceituais e pictográficas, as siglas constituem na historiografia um gênero de fronteira.

  12. Representation and function of characters from Greek antiquity in Benjamin Britten’s Death in Venice

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    B. Spies

    2002-08-01

    Full Text Available Lack of insight into Greek antiquity, more specifically the nature of classical tragedy and mythology, could be one reason for the negative reception of Benjamin Britten’s last opera Death in Venice. In the first place, this article considers Britten’s opera based on Thomas Mann’s novella as a manifestation of classical tragedy. Secondly, it is shown how mythological characters in Mann’s novella represent abstract ideas2 in Britten’s opera, thereby enhancing the dramatic impact of the opera considerably. On the one hand it is shown how the artist’s inner conflict manifests itself in a dialectic relationship between discipline and inspirat ion in Plato’s Phaedrus dialogue that forms the basis of Aschenbach’s monologue at the end of the opera. The conflict between Aschenbach’s rational consciousness and his irrational subconscious, on the other hand, is depicted by means of mythological figures, Apollo and Dionysus. Two focal points in the opera, namely the Games of Apollo at the end of Act 1 and the nightmare scene which forms the climax of the opera in Act 2, are used to illustrate the musical manifestation of this conflict.

  13. Beyond the Mohawk Warrior: Reinterpreting Benjamin West’s Evocations of American Indians

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    Julia A. Sienkewicz

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available This essay offers a reinterpretation of the narratives in John Galt’s 'The Life and Studies of Benjamin West' (1816 that introduce the artist’s encounters with, or evocations of, American Indians. This study grapples, in particular, with the iconic status of the narrative in which the young artist, newly arrived in Rome from the British Colony of Pennsylvania, is said to have exclaimed ‘My God, how like it is to a young Mohawk warrior!’ when he first encountered the 'Apollo Belvidere'. It questions whether West actually did liken the 'Apollo Belvidere ' to a Mohawk warrior in 1760, and instead resituates the narrative within concerns of transatlantic audience and international politics in 1816. Rather than the naïve exclamation of a provincial visitor to a European metropolis, this article contends that West’s remark, at least as retold within Galt’s narrative, was the calculated reflection of a cosmopolitan intellectual on matters of intercultural and transatlantic concern.

  14. Taktile Rezeption und lebensweltliche Umsicht. Film und Stadterfahrung bei Benjamin und Heidegger

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    Christian Ferencz-Flatz

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available In his famous essay, The Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction, Walter Benjamin compares the daily experience of buildings with the perception of films. His comparison relies on the peculiar concept of “tactile reception“, he opposes to the optically oriented traditional attitude towards art. The concept encompasses two essential traits: on the one hand, it designates the fact that films do not require a contemplative, focused attention, but a habitual, distracted approach, similar to that by which we perceive buildings in our everyday life-world. On the other hand, Benjamin’sconcept points to a particular “chock-effect” produced by cinematic experience, through its constant change of perspectives and points of view. By this, it challenges precisely the same form of ambient perception required in numerous situations of our daily life in the modern city. The two determinations sketch out a unitary concept that shows obvious similarities to the phenomenological idea of a “life-worldly circumspection” (Umsicht, a specific manner of sight guiding everyday practical life.

  15. The Edmonton Public Schools Story: Internationally Renowned Superintendent Angus McBeath Chronicles His District's Successes and Failures. Policy Brief. No. S2007-13

    Science.gov (United States)

    McBeath, Angus

    2007-01-01

    This publication is a transcript of Superintendent Angus McBeath's presentation to legislators and media at an Issues and Ideas Forum hosted by the Mackinac Center for Public Policy in Lansing, Michigan. McBeath discusses education reform in Edmonton, Alberta, Canada, including: (1) Basic Elements of Reform; (2) School Employee Union Involvement;…

  16. The Impact of The Autobiography by Benjamin Franklin on American Soci-ety and Literature

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    JIANG Ai-ping

    2015-01-01

    Franklin is an earliest writer in American history and he is the most important writers during American colonial period. The most important works of him are Poor Richard's Almanac and his Autobiography. His works have a tremendous impact on American literature later. What more important is that in his Autobiography he wrote out American dream, the spirit of business and good qualities, and some others. Franklin explained that everyone can get rich by hard work and thrift, and he called on people to come to America to make money. The American dream then became an important theme in American literature. It occurred in many works of many writers in his later time. Since Franklin was such a successful person in many areas, world-renowned inventor, writer, diplomat and one of the leaders of the American war of independence, he brought a tremendous im⁃pact on American society. And because of his success, many Americans later took him as an example and his works were popular and read widely. Both Franklin and his works affected American society deeply.

  17. Educational Objectives: The Why Matters

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-01

    From Pedagogy to Andragogy Revised and Updated (New York: Cambridge, The Adult Education Company, 1980), 51-52. 34 Benjamin S . Bloom , ed...Principles of Instructional Design, 3rd ed. (Fort Worth: Holt, Rinehart, and Winston Inc., 1988), 41. 38 Bloom , ed., Taxonomy of Educational...CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR( S ) Lieutenant Colonel Matthew R. Seay United States Marine

  18. Notas sobre Siegfried Kracauer, Walter Benjamin e a Paris do Segundo Império: pontos de contato Notes on Siegfried Kracauer, Walter Benjamin and Second Empire Paris: affinity points

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    Carlos Eduardo Jordão Machado

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Trata-se de mostrar a originalidade crítica de Siegfried Kracauer diante da experiência da modernidade estética e de discutir as afinidades estético-teóricas de Kracauer e Benjamim ao analisar a Paris da segunda metade do século XIX, o Segundo Império, em particular, como fenômeno originário da sociedade de massas, da indústria cultural e do entretenimento e, sobretudo, do nazi-fascismo. Kracauer durante seu exílio parisiense (1933-41 escreveu uma "biografia da sociedade": Jacques Offenbach e a Paris de sua época (Jacques Offenbach und das Paris seiner Zeit. Obra inovadora pelo seu enfoque da história do presente e com pontos de contatos com a Obra das Passagens (Passagen-Werk ou Paris capital do século XIX de Walter Benjamin.I present Kracauer's original critical analysis of aesthetic modernity, and discuss the theoretical and aesthetic affinities between Kracauer and Walter Benjamin in their analyses of Paris during the second half of the Twentieth Century; the Second Empire as the original embodiment of mass society, with its cultural and entertaining industries; and, above all, the emergence of fascism and National Socialism. During his Parisian exile (1933-1941, Kracauer wrote a "social biography": Orpheus in Paris: Offenbach and the Paris of His Time (New York, 1938, an innovative work with many affinity points with Walter Benjamin's The Work of the Arcades, or Paris as the Capital of the XIXth Century.

  19. De Lessing a Benjamin: la otra Ilustración (Experiencia e individuo I

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    Andreu, Agustín

    1991-10-01

    Full Text Available Not available.

    G.E. Lessing, con su lanzamiento de un espinosismo de corte leibníziano, intentó ofrecer a la Ilustración alemana un planteamiento que, desde el sentimiento y la historia, desde la tradición y la religiosidad, indicaba en continuidad caminos concretos de emancipación y de entendimiento universal. Tanto en sus obras teatrales (principalmente en Natán el Sabio como en sus breves escritos teóricos (en particular en la educación del género humano se plantea el tema de la transformación de las sociedades por la transformación de los individuos, basada en la experiencia propia de cada uno, que va convirtiendo verdades de la tradición y la religión en verdades de razón. Ya Lessing, que vio y calló, pero sobre todo Mendelssohn y Salomón Maimon entre otros, advirtieron que los presupuestos de la antropología kantiana imprimían a la vida e historia alemanas otra dirección -al dividir al hombre en intuición sensible y razón, y al fundamentar la Ética en la postulación abstracta. Gershom Scholem que, de los orígenes de la Alemania moderna supo recoger ese temblor de una predicción temprana, recibió en 1918 de manos del mismo Walter Benjamin uno de los escritos más lúcidos del s, XX por lo que hace a la crítica de la insuficiente Ilustración alemana «y tal vez de la europea en general». Tal insuficiencia se revelaba sobre todo en la estrechez del concepto kantiano de experiencia, que dejaba al individuo flotando en el vacío. Un individuo basado en una clase de certeza y seguridad indirectas y mediatas, quedaba expuesto a todos los peligros de interferencia y mecanización y acabaría privado de su capacidad de experiencia propia y por tanto de saber y de contar lo que «verdaderamente» le pasa. Sobre el programa de la filosofía futura es el esbozo donde Benjamin presenta los presupuestos de una emendatio experientiae como fundamento de una nueva teoría del conocimiento y de

  20. Modeling the Climate Response of the Laki Eruption - Benjamin Franklin was Right

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    Oman, L.; Robock, A.; Stenchikov, G. L.; Thordarson, T.

    2006-12-01

    Benjamin Franklin was one of the first to recognize the connections between volcanic eruptions and climate. Shortly after the 1783-1784 Laki eruption, he postulated that the dry fog over much of Europe was likely caused by a volcanic eruption in Iceland, that the winds would have transported the gas and aerosol over much of the Northern Hemisphere, and that the cold winter of 1783-84 was caused by this dry fog. We used the NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies ModelE climate model to examine the chemical conversion and transport of SO2 gas from the Laki eruption (64.10°N, 17.15°W) and used the resulting aerosol concentrations to model the climate response. Using our calculated aerosol distribution, we conducted a 10-member ensemble simulation with ModelE coupled to a q-flux mixed-layer ocean. The mean of these runs reproduced the extensive radiative cooling (-1 to -3°C) that occurred during the summer of 1783 across much of Asia, Canada, and Alaska and produced a strong dynamical effect in summer as the Laki eruption forces a significant weakening of the African and India monsoon circulations. This is seen in cloud cover and precipitation anomalies and resulted in significant warming (1 to 2°C) from the Sahel of Africa to northern India. This is a very robust result and has been observed after the last 3 large high-latitude volcanic eruptions, Eldgjá (939), Katmai (1912), and Laki, all of which produced large reductions in the flow of the Nile River. In the winter of 1783-1784 our model reproduced the significant negative temperature anomalies over the Northeastern United States, and smaller cooling produced over Europe. That winter was one of the coldest on record over these areas and our model results confirm that Laki could have been partially responsible for these anomalies.

  1. WALTER BENJAMIN Y GEORGES SOREL: ENTRE EL MITO DE LA HUELGA GENERAL Y UNA POLÍTICA DE MEDIOS PUROS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Pérez López

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available En su ensayo Para una crítica de la violencia, Walter Benjamin reivindica el fenómeno social de la huelga general revolucionaria teorizada por Georges Sorel en su obra Reflexiones sobre la violencia, como una figura ejemplar de lo que sería un “medio puro de la política”, al margen de cualquier forma legitimada de poder. En este marco, pocos comentadores contemporáneos advierten una discordancia conceptual entre ambos filósofos: para Sorel, la huelga revolucionaria es un mito social, mientras que el mito, categoría esencialmente negativa en Benjamin, describe la violencia que aprisiona la vida y que se traduce en una forma de poder político superior. En este artículo quisiéramos demostrar esta discordancia conceptual para examinar en seguida cómo ha sido comentada por otros pensadores contemporáneos. La filosofía de la historia, la posibilidad de una acción política ética y la temporalidad mesiánica aparecen en el horizonte teórico que emparenta a estos filósofos y por el cual podría descifrarse su impasse conceptual. Esto se confirma si se despliega la idea de un “medio puro de la política”, pista que Benjamin ofrece sin profundizar y sobre la cual reenvía al pensamiento de un filósofo poco explorado, Erich Unger. En la última parte de este artículo desarrollaremos las claves dadas por Unger, que entran justamente en sintonía con la mención de la huelga general como medio puro de la política.

  2. Antropologia e filosofia: estética e experiência em Clifford Geertz e Walter Benjamin

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    Relivaldo Pinho de Oliveira

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo estuda as concepções de estética e experiência de Clifford Geertz e Walter Benjamin como possibilidades argumentativas e metodológicas para pensar a realidade e suas formas estéticas. Utiliza-se para isso as discussões metodológicas de Geertz, especialmente a respeito do lugar da estética e de sua relação com os demais âmbitos do humano, que encetaram uma nova forma de concebê-los para a etnografia e antropologia de modo geral, e os estudos de Benjamin a respeito da estética como expressão fisionômica de uma época, de determinada realidade, especialmente os que se referem sobre a modernidade. Constata-se essa possibilidade a partir da observação de que a estética e a experiência, nos autores, são tomadas como dimensões da realidade que se relacionam, não de modo mecânico, e sim como âmbitos que atravessam a realidade, os artefatos estéticos, os discursos, e esses assim devem ser observados.This article study the conceptions of aesthetics and experience of Clifford Geertz and Walter Benjamin as argumentative and methodological possibilities for thinking reality and its aesthetic forms. Uses for this Geertz's methodological discussions, especially regarding the place of aesthetics and its relation to other spheres of the human, which has embarked on a new way of conceiving them to ethnography and anthropology in general, and studies Benjamin about the aesthetics and physiognomical expression of an era, a certain reality, especially those concerning about modernity. There is that possibility from the observation that the aesthetics and experience, in the authors, are taken as the dimensions of reality are related, not mechanically, but as areas that cross the reality, the aesthetic artifacts, the speeches, and so these must be observed.

  3. Benjamin-Ono-Burgers-MKdV Equation for Algebraic Rossby Solitary Waves in Stratified Fluids and Conservation Laws

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    Hongwei Yang

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available In the paper, by using multiple-scale method, the Benjamin-Ono-Burgers-MKdV (BO-B-MKdV equation is obtained which governs algebraic Rossby solitary waves in stratified fluids. This equation is first derived for Rossby waves. By analysis and calculation, some conservation laws are derived from the BO-B-MKdV equation without dissipation. The results show that the mass, momentum, energy, and velocity of the center of gravity of algebraic Rossby waves are conserved and the presence of a small dissipation destroys these conservations.

  4. The musical magic of ambiguity in Benjamin Britten’s Death in Venice

    OpenAIRE

    B.M. Spies

    2001-01-01

    This essay investigates the blurred musical significations in Benjamin Britten’s Death in Venice, an opera based on Thomas Mann’s important novella Der Tod in Venedig. The discussion of multiple meanings links up with two categories of ambiguity as set out by William Empson in his Seven Types of Ambiguity, that is two or more meanings which do not agree among themselves, but combine to make clear a more complicated state of mind, and two opposite meanings that show a fundamental division in t...

  5. The Spanish Inquisition’s Attack on Liberalism. The Indictment against Benjamin Constant’s Principes de Politique

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    María Luisa SÁNCHEZ-MEJÍA

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available In 1816, after close examination, the Spanish Inquisition forbade Benjamin Constant’s Principes de Politique, the most representative work of liberal ideology of its day. A careful study of the official indictment shows that in the early 19th c. the concepts of natural law and of the general will introduced by the Enlightenment were still being countered with the same arguments which had been used in the preceding century. Nonetheless, the consequences for Spain of the French Revolution would force the Inquisition to face the challenges posed by liberalism in Europe.

  6. The Diegesis of Benjamin Button: A Method for Comparing Literature and Film (La diégesis de Benjamin Button: método para comparar literatura y cine

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    Joe Montenegro Bonilla

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available This article proposes a specific structuralist methodology that may help organize the analysis of the relationship between literature and cinema. Through the instance of F. Scott Fitzgerald’s short story “The Curious Case of Benjamin Button” and David Fincher’s film adaptation of it, a focus on the comparable diegetic structures of a narrative cinematic text and the literary work on which it is based is offered, along with an exploration of the semiotic codes that support their comparative textual analyses. Este artículo propone una metodología estructuralista específica que posibilita organizar el estudio para analizar la relación entre la literatura y el cine. Utilizando como ejemplo el cuento de F. Scott Fitzgerald “El curioso caso de Benjamin Button” y su adaptación al cine de David Fincher, se ofrece un enfoque en las estructuras diegéticas comparables entre un texto cinematográfico narrativo y la obra literaria en la cual se basa; además de una exploración de los códigos semióticos que sustentan los análisis textuales comparados de ambos textos.

  7. W. Benjamin, Nietzsche y Sloterdijk; Psicopolítica, escatología de la 'promesa' y dialéctica del entusiasmo

    OpenAIRE

    Isaac Moctezuma Perea

    2008-01-01

    The promise is the meeting place between past and future into the present. Benjamin felt as if the historical action of a class depends largely on the conception that it is in history, it also depends largely on the ability of this class has to pledge, as it thinks Sloterdijk, is the promise which communicate the most eminent human capabilities. This essay aims to reflect on the usefulness and harm of the dimensions of the promise into the philosophies of Benjamin and Sloterdijk for life.

  8. La dilemática relación historia-memoria: ¿Walter Benjamin como un filósofo memorialista?

    OpenAIRE

    Zeitler Varela, Mariela

    2011-01-01

    En las últimas décadas la figura de Walter Benjamin ha sido extensamente recuperada desde muy diversos ámbitos, como la crítica literaria, la filosofía política, la estética, sólo por citar algunos. En este trabajo nos centraremos en su acercamiento a la filosofía de la historia, o mejor dicho, en problematizar lo que muchos de sus comentadores consideran ha sido el aporte benjaminiano a esta rama de la filosofía: nos referimos a la cuasi exclusiva visión de Benjamin como un autor memorialist...

  9. Ondokuzuncu yüzyılda Anadolu'da bir bitki toplayıcısı: Benjamin Balansa (1825-1891)

    OpenAIRE

    Baytop, Asuman; Nicolas, Michele

    2011-01-01

    A plant collector in Anatolia in the 19th century: Benjamin Balansa (1825-1891) Asuman Baytop & Michèle Nicolas Benjamin Balansa (1825-1891) was a French traveler-naturalist attached to the Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle at Paris. As a explorer botaniste, cultivator, interpriser, producer, he dedicated more than 40 years of his life to scientific travels far from his country. Between 1854 and 1866, he was in Anatolia where he herborized in the West, Central, South and ...

  10. Versailles et Philadelphie : Benjamin Franklin et André Michaux

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    James E. McClellan III

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available On ne peut véritablement parler de « politique scientifique », ni pour les colonies anglaises de l’Amérique, ni pour la nouvelle nation américaine indépendante de la fin du xviiie siècle. Néanmoins, pour la cour de Versailles et pour la politique scientifique française de l’époque – la plus développée du moment – cette région fut d’une grande importance.Dans cette intervention, l’exemple bien connu de Benjamin Franklin ne sera que brièvement évoqué, en tant que scientifique et homme politique, pour les liens qu’il sut tisser entre Versailles et Philadelphie. Le cas moins bien connu, mais plus révélateur, d’André Michaux (1746-1802, botaniste du roi envoyé aux États-Unis en 1785 et chargé de renvoyer en France les semis d’arbres américains, retiendra en revanche davantage notre attention.Pour comprendre la mission d’André Michaux pendant son séjour sur le sol américain jusqu’en 1796, il faut le situer dans le contexte de ce que François Regourd et moi-même avons nommé la machine coloniale, cette nébuleuse institutionnelle scientifique, technique et administrative, dévouée à l’expansion coloniale française. Cette machine intégrait toute une gamme d’institutions à son fonctionnement, y compris, dans le cas d’André Michaux, la Maison et les Bâtiments du roi à Versailles, les jardins du Trianon, le Jardin du roi à Paris, et le Jardin royal d’acclimatation à Rambouillet. Les deux jardins fondés par Michaux dans le New Jersey et en Caroline du Sud firent également partie, à leur manière, de cette machine coloniale et de la politique scientifique de la monarchie française.

  11. The lives of an American life - The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin and the idea of personal identity

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    Joyce E. Chaplin

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available recorrendo aos campos da história dos impressos e da história da ciência - dois campos de importância indiscutível para entender Benjamin Franklin, o impressor da Filadélfia, e Benjamin Franklin, o famoso experimentador elétrico - este ensaio sugerirá que as memórias de Franklin são evidência de que ele pensou sobre si mesmo como encarnado em ações (como ele tinha se apresentado ao mundo, através de experimentos científicos e como identificado em relação a outras pessoas, como ele tinha sido por muito tempo, como um colaborador em diversos projetos e como um correspondente. Isso é diferente do seu sentido desencarnado e individualista que a maioria das edições de sua autobiografia, como uma simples narrativa, lhe deram. Edições mais complexas e com diversos textos podem ser ao menos igualmente válidas, sobretudo para mostrar como ideias de identidade pessoal, nesse ponto da história, eram coletivas e encarnadas.

  12. Aberrations in the Body and in the Body Politic: The Eighteenth-Century Life of Benjamin Lay, Disabled Abolitionist

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    Nathaniel Smith Kogan

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available This article re-evaluates traditional interpretations and presentations of the (in-famous eighteenth century Quaker abolitionist, Benjamin Lay, by arguing that his physical disability provided the foundation for his advocacy to eliminate slaveholding amongst his fellow Friends. The article will first establish the historical context Benjamin Lay's life and transatlantic travels to explain the roots of his abolitionist advocacy. Then, this article will analyze Lay's radical abolitionism both within the context of eighteenth-century Quaker antislavery and through the lens of disability history. This methodological approach will reveal that Lay displayed a clear awareness of his non-conforming body and the ways that its marginalizing effects empowered him to radically challenge the Quaker slaveholding establishment. The article will then analyze Lay's All Slave-Keepers, Apostates and argue that Lay rhetorically constructed his own disability in this text through both a religious lens and through the emerging Enlightenment concept of human aberrance and hierarchy. Finally, the article will conclude by analyzing some of the earliest visual representations of Lay's strange body and contend that the context in which they were commissioned and circulated forged a positive connection between Lay's disability and his abolitionist accomplishments.

  13. UNTERWEGS-­‐‑SEIN IN EUROPA ZWISCHEN VERGANGENHEIT UND ZUKUNFT. BENJAMINS UND BOBROWSKIS „WANDERER“

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    Maria Behre

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available In his Denkbilder, the Jewish philosopher and homme de lettre Walter Benjamin describes scenes from European metropolises. He offers a glance at quite heterogeneous and freely chosen life styles of the turbulent nineteen-twenties to sketch a possible future for Europe. Today’s reader of the Denkbilder can hardly suppress the memory of a political and personal crisis, namely that of Benjamin’s flight across the Pyrenees, which ended in the Spanish harbour town Portbou. In the poem Der Wanderer, the writer Johannes Bobrowski, a resident of East Berlin, captures the life of a wanderer who depends on the hospitality of others, because he is either persecuted or his freely chosen lifestyle requires him to roam about. For both authors, travelling becomes a substitute for “Heimat” and also a way of life that represents the future of Europe. This forward-looking attitude is based on the experience of cataclysmic events that have been memorably expressed in highly literate apocalyptic images. The writer and graphic designer Christoph Meckel emphasizes how life rises out of ruins only to return to them, by embedding the lyrical process in Eastern European villages, thereby creating a country for which Bobrowski had chosen the mythological name “Sarmatia”, which stands for a messianic utopian vision shared by Benjamin and others.

  14. An Initial Study of a Method for Instructing Educators about the Revised Taxonomy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sultana, Farzana

    2010-01-01

    A taxonomy of learning objectives generally refers to a schema to classify the levels of learning. In 1956, Benjamin Bloom, with a group of educational psychologists, created a taxonomy for classifying educational objectives using six major categories of thinking skills: (a) knowledge (recalling information), (b) comprehension, (understanding the…

  15. The Educational Policy Environment: National, State, and Local Educational Policy Assessment. Stamford Educational Public Policy Impact Study. Volume III.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feld, Marcia Marker; And Others

    In the last decade, Stamford has been transformed from a suburban town to an urban center of national renown. A responsive yet directive public school system is critical in preserving a feeling of community. The Stamford Educational Planning Committee, a team of interdisciplinary professionals and a broad-based community group, examined trends in…

  16. Reconsidering Bloom's Taxonomy of Educational Objectives, Cognitive Domain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moore, David S.

    1982-01-01

    The hierarchical structure of the cognitive domain presented in Benjamin S. Bloom's taxonomy of educational objectives does not reflect the actual nature of the learning process. Attempts to apply the classification levels to student learning in mathematics and other subjects place the taxonomy's usefulness in question. (PP)

  17. Benjamin's artistic view from the concept of Benjamin's"aura"%从本雅明的“光韵”概念看本雅明的艺术观

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈政

    2014-01-01

    In the article of"art in the age of mechanical reproduction", Walter Benjamin put forward the"aura"concept, in order to explain the important characteristic of traditional art, and art characteristic with the age of mechanical reproduction is very fruitful distinction. In the artistic conception of Walter Benjamin, although the traditional self-discipline art, the authenticity, sanctity and authority, and art in the age of mechanical reproduction is instantaneous, lack of depth, but he did not on the technology era of art were all negative, in fact, the main representative figures in the Frankfurt school, Walter Benjamin was the positive scholar in the development of art since the age of mechanical reproduction, he affirm to the movie art, has the important enlightenment for us to look at modern art, has an important value for us to re-examine the social critical theory.%在《机械复制时代的艺术》一文中,本雅明提出了“光晕”概念,用以说明传统艺术的重要特征,并同机械复制时代的艺术特征进行了卓有成效的区分。在本雅明的艺术观念里,虽然传统自律艺术具有本真性、独一无二性、神圣性和权威性,而机械复制时代的艺术大多是瞬间的、缺乏深度的,但他并没有对技术时代的艺术进行一概否定,实际上,在法兰克福学派的主要代表人物中,本雅明是少有的对机械复制时代以来的艺术发展持肯定态度的学者,他对电影等艺术的肯定,对我们全面看待现代艺术具有重要启示,对我们重新审视社会批判理论也具有重要价值。

  18. Para una lectura crítica de Hacia la crítica de la violencia de Walter Benjamin: Schmitt, Kafka, Agamben

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    Maura Zorita, Eduardo

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this article is to assess in a critical fashion the way Giorgio Agamben reads Walter Benjamin’s essay on violence. I will particularly focus on the way Agamben relates this essay to other works by Carl Schmitt and Franz Kafka. Given his effort to steer Benjamin towards the concepts of «mere life» and certain qualities of the homo sacer, I will try to relocate Benjamin where his political essay belongs and, at the same time, re-read Agamben at his strongest points, but also at his weakest.

    El propósito de este artículo es evaluar críticamente la lectura de Giorgio Agamben del ensayo sobre la violencia de Walter Benjamin, muy particularmente en sus relaciones con otras obras relevantes de Franz Kafka y Carl Schmitt. A partir del intento de Agamben de derivar la «nuda vida» y ciertas determinaciones de su homo sacer del texto de Benjamin, buscaré situar la crítica de la violencia en el lugar que le corresponde, así como repensar la propia obra de Agamben, tan valiosa en algunos puntos como discutible en otros.

  19. New (G′/G-expansion method and its application to the Zakharov-Kuznetsov–Benjamin-Bona-Mahony (ZK–BBM equation

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    Muhammad Shakeel

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available In this article, new (G′/G-expansion method is used to look for the traveling wave solutions of nonlinear evolution equations and abundant traveling wave solutions to the Zakharov-Kuznetsov–Benjamin-Bona-Mahony equation are constructed. The performance of the method is reliable, useful and gives more new general exact solutions than the existing methods.

  20. Reseña de Marmaridou, s. (2000 Pragmatic meaning and Cognition (Pragmatics and Beyond New Series, Amsterdam/ Philadelphia, John Benjamins Publishing Company.

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    José María García Núñez

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 21 false false false ES X-NONE X-NONE MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 Se trata de una reseña sobre Marmaridou, s. (2000 Pragmatic meaning and Cognition Pragmatics and Beyond New Series, Amsterdam/ Philadelphia, John Benjamins Publishing Company.

  1. On Reconsidering Park, Johnson, DuBois, Frazier and Reid: A Reply to Benjamin Bowser's "The Contribution of Blacks to Sociological Knowledge."

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watts, Jerry G.

    1983-01-01

    Contends that Benjamin Bowser's essay (title cited above) contains conceptual and factual errors on such matters as the relationship of African slavery to European economic expansion; influence of Social Darwinism; and the role of Robert Park, W.E.B. DuBois, E. Franklin Frazier, and other Black historians in sociological research in this country.…

  2. Entrevista com Benjamin T. Smith: a publicação de Dictablanda: politics, work and culture (1938-1968 e outras questões * Interview with Benjamin T. Smith: the published Dictablanda...

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    ALINE MARIA DE CARVALHO PAGOTTO

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Benjamin T. Smith é Professor Associado em História da América Latina na Universidade de Warwick, Reino Unido e, sobretudo, historiador e analista das políticas culturais do Estado mexicano no período do pós-revolução.No livro Pistoleros and popular moviments: the politics of state formation in postrevolutionary Oaxaca (2009, Benjamin Smith analisa a diversidade das políticas socioculturais do período pós-revolucionário. Por essa mesma razão, reflete algumas questões interessantes dos idos de 1920 a 1950, como, por exemplo, as características peculiares dos líderes locais e regionais, o surgimento e estabelecimento do movimento feminista, a violência exacerbada do governo e a reforma agrária.No mês de Março de 2014, Smith publicou, em coautoria com Paul Gillingham (Universidade da Pensilvânia, EUA, mais uma importante reflexão sobre esse tema. Dictablanda: politics, work and culture, 1938-1968 (2014 oferece uma nova perspectiva: a “dita-branda”; ou seja, os autores afirmam que o regime priista mexicano foi, em verdade,  uma ditadura de autoritarismo demasiado brando.Esta entrevista ocorreu durante a manhã do dia 28 de Abril de 2014, no Humanities Building (o prédio administrativo das Ciências Humanas da Universidade de Warwick, em Coventry, Reino Unido.

  3. Renowned Artist Honored with New Arsts Award

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    Eieven Chinese master artists were recipientsof the first China Award for Design and PerformingArts Accomplishments presented May 14. FengYuan, Director-General of the Department for Artsunder the Ministry of Culture, hosted the awards

  4. The Stamford Public Education Facilities Utilization Plan. Stamford Educational Public Policy Impact Study. Volume IV.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feld, Marcia Marker; And Others

    In the last decade, Stamford has been transformed from a suburban town to an urban center of national renown. A responsive yet directive public school system is critical in preserving a feeling of community. The Stanford Educational Planning Committee, a team of interdisciplinary professionals and a broad-based community group, examined trends in…

  5. Medical electricity and madness in the 18th century: the legacies of Benjamin Franklin and Jan Ingenhousz.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beaudreau, Sherry Ann; Finger, Stanley

    2006-01-01

    Benjamin Franklin had at least two accidents that resulted in electricity passing through his brain. In addition, he witnessed a patient's similar accident and performed an experiment that showed how humans could endure shocks to the head without serious ill effects, other than amnesia. Jan Ingenhousz, Franklin's Dutch-born medical correspondent better known for his discovery of photosynthesis, also had a serious accident that sent electricity though his head and, in a letter to Franklin, he described how he felt unusually elated the next day. During the 1780s, Franklin and Ingenhousz encouraged leading French and English electrical "operators" to try shocking the heads of melancholic and other deranged patients in their wards. Although they did not state that they were responding to Ingenhousz's and Franklin's suggestions, Birch, Aldini, and Gale soon did precisely what Ingenhousz and Franklin had suggested. These practitioners did not appear to induce convulsions in their mentally ill patients, but they still reported notable successes.

  6. Theories of translation and modernity's anguished counter points: José María Arguedas and Walter Benjamin

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    Joshua Price

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available In order to illuminate some of the basic terms of translation theory, I explore two essays, José María Arguedas' "The Anguish of the Mestizo" and Walter Benjamin's "The Task of the Translator." I argue that the terms of translation theory can be changed by paying attention to the ‘replies' to European modernity made from outside of Europe, especially those replies that come as theory from the colonized, in this case in the form of Arguedas' work. In the conclusion, I juxtapose Arguedas' work on Quechua and Spanish to explore aspects of translation and linguistic invention at another point of domination: in this case, African-American English as described by James Baldwin. Through that, we can measure the potential of a network of histories constructed from Europe's others.

  7. IT Governance as an Institutionalized Organizational Response in Higher Education: Case Studies of Three Public Universities in the United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    Winston, Evelyn E.

    2010-01-01

    The changes in the environment of higher education related to globalization, immigration, rising social-economic inequality, the knowledge economy and cultural identity (Benjamin, 2003; Collis, 2003) are requiring institutions to make some basic strategic choices. One of these decisions is the extent to which institutions of higher education will…

  8. Political Education in/as the Practice of Freedom: A Paradoxical Defence from the Perspective of Michael Oakeshott

    Science.gov (United States)

    Engel, Stephen M.

    2007-01-01

    Creating education systems that promote democratic sustainability has been the concern of political thinkers as diverse as J. S. Mill, Dewey, Benjamin Barber and Derek Bok. The classic dichotomisation of democratic theory between deliberative democrats and Schumpeterian democrats suggests that education in the service of democracy can be…

  9. Die taak van die universiteit in die voorsiening van voortgesette onderwys / Johannes Benjamin Espach

    OpenAIRE

    Espach, Johannes Benjamin

    1985-01-01

    1. THE PROBLEM INVESTIGATED - In the course of the past decade it has become clear that the ever-increasing tempo of scientific and technological development has increasingly placed the stress to a larger extent on proper training, and the implementation of especially high-level manpower. Apart from formal education continuing education and in-service training and retraining have begun to receive attention universally from educational authorities. It is also a fact th...

  10. Medaling in Education: Elder of the Year Teaches TCU Students to Walk on Both Sides

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brien, Luella

    2010-01-01

    The heart of Little Big Horn College (LBHC) is wrapped in the passion of Joseph Medicine Crow. Medicine Crow, 96, a nationally renowned tribal elder and historian, has been influencing education on the Crow Reservation in Montana for decades. As one of the founding members of the Crow Education Commission, he helped start LBHC in 1980. Medicine…

  11. Perception of Education Quality in Private Universities of Bangladesh: A Study from Students' Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akareem, Husain Salilul; Hossain, Syed Shahadat

    2012-01-01

    Quality of education has been a concern for decades. Gradually it is becoming more specialised and commercialised throughout the world. In this study a sample of 400 students were taken from the five renowned private universities of Bangladesh for measuring perception toward education quality of existing students. Principle component analysis was…

  12. Photo-sensitization of ZnS nanoparticles with renowned ruthenium dyes N3, N719 and Z907 for application in solid state dye sensitized solar cells: A comparative study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nosheen, Erum; Shah, Syed Mujtaba; Hussain, Hazrat; Murtaza, Ghulam

    2016-09-01

    This article presents a comprehensive relative report on the grafting of ZnS with renowned ruthenium ((Ru) dyes i.e. N3, N719 and Z907) and gives insight into their charge transfer interaction and sensitization mechanism for boosting solar cell efficiency. Influence of dye concentration on cell performance is also reported here. ZnS nanoparticles synthesized by a simple coprecipitation method with an average particle size of 15±2nm were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), Elemental dispersive X-ray analysis (EDAX), tunneling electron microscopy (TEM) and UV-Visible (UV-Vis) spectroscopy. UV-Vis, photoluminescence (PL) and Fourier transform infra-red (FT-IR) spectroscopy confirms the successful grafting of these dyes over ZnS nanoparticles surface. Low-energy metal-to-ligand charge-transfer transition (MLCT) bands of dyes are mainly affected on grafting over the nanoparticle surface. Moreover their current voltage (I-V) results confirm the efficiency enhancement in ZnS solid state dye sensitized solar cells (SSDSSCs) owing to effective sensitization of this material with Ru dyes and helps in finding the optimum dye concentration for nanoparticles sensitization. Highest rise in overall solar cell efficiency i.e. 64% of the reference device has been observed for 0.3mM N719-ZnS sample owing to increased open circuit voltage (Voc) and fill factor (FF). Experimental and proposed results were found in good agreement with each other.

  13. Ángeles en el abismo. Las imágenes dialécticas de Walter Benjamin y José Revueltas

    OpenAIRE

    Espinoza, Rogelio

    2010-01-01

    “Ángeles en el abismo. Las imágenes dialécticas de Walter Benjamin y José Revueltas” plantea paratopías textuales y existenciales en ambos autores. El hilo conductor es el concepto de “imagen dialéctica” de Benjamin y de “realismo dialéctico” de Revueltas. El objetivo principal del artículo es realizar una exploración de ambos autores en el terreno común de la filosofía, la historia y la literatura, enmarcando problemas concretos en torno a la teología y el marxismo como fuentes de inspiració...

  14. Pensando el presente y soñando el pasado: la política y la historia en el proyecto de los pasajes de Walter Benjamin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alex Betancourt Serrano

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo explora las propuestas políticas e históricas de Walter Benjamin que surgen de su Llibro de los pasajes. Se esboza la crítica de Benjamin al historicismo y se presenta su propuesta de interpretación histórica como un sueño para tener en cuenta la relación dialéctica entre el pasado y las posibilidades políticas del presente. Se argumenta que el elemento de urgencia, que implica la visión benjaminiana, adscrita a un ethos democrático, nos provee una propuesta y una visión progresistas de lo político sin caer en teleologías historicistas.

  15. Lo clásico y la tradición en Paul Valéry, T. S. Eliot y Walter Benjamin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    William Díaz Villarreal

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo describe el sentido de la noción de lo clásico en tres autores: Paul Valéry, T. S. Eliot y Walter Benjamin. En el primero, lo clásico supone la imposición de un orden a partir del desorden del material natural, mientras que el segundo recurre a metáforas organicistas para concebirlo como el resultado de un estado de madurez de la cultura. Estos dos sentidos confluyen de un modo negativo en las ideas de Benjamin, cuya perspectiva está marcada por la idea de redención: él desvaloriza, en cierto modo, el sentido tradicional de lo clásico, pero al concebirlo como una acumulación de ruinas, busca hacer estallar sus posibilidades revolucionarias.

  16. Uma pequena história do espaço (e do tempo: o conceito de espaço em Kant, Lessing, Foucault e Benjamin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Georg Otte

    2007-06-01

    valor diferenciado nas “epistémes” (Foucault de cada época. Nossa hipótese é que a temporalização do pensamento, que marca a passagem da “Idade Clássica” para a Modernidade, encontra em Walter Benjamin um dos seus mais expressivos adversários mediante a valorização do espaço.

  17. Naturaleza caída y sujeto melancólico: una lectura desde la filosofía del lenguaje de Walter Benjamin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciana Espinosa

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available En el presente artículo sostenemos que el abordaje benjaminiano del problema de la melancolía en El origen del drama barroco alemán (1928 pone en juego la posibilidad de acceder a la estructura profunda del mundo material, mediante el establecimiento de una singular relación entre el sujeto melancólico y la naturaleza caída. Pues, si como el propio Benjamin afirma, todo sentimiento es la resultante de un objeto o de cierta conformación material que opera como su causa, la melancolía, por su parte, es aquel sentimiento surgido del lamento profundo de la naturaleza revelado por medio del lenguaje, capaz de contemplar la tristeza que la constituye y el dolor que le genera la imposibilidad de redención.In this paper we argue that Walter Benjamin's approach to the problem of melancholy in The origin of German tragic drama (1928 brings an access to the deep structure of the material world through the establishment of a unique relationship between the melancholic human being and fallen nature. Therefore, if, as Benjamin says, every feeling is the result of an object or some material conformation that operates as its cause, melancholy, for its part, is that feeling emerged from the deep regret of nature revealed by the means of a language able to contemplate the sadness which constitutes it and the pain that generates the impossibility of redemption.

  18. Walter Benjamin: tempo de escola - tempo de agora. Prolegômenos para uma educação para dias feriados

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Angela Medeiros Santi

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available O propósito deste artigo é relacionar o pensamento de Walter Benjamin com o universo da educação e da infância, através da noção de tempo. A infância, para Benjamin, representa a suspensão do tempo vazio e linear, em favor de um tempo "artístico", um tempo de "dias feriados". A educação, em sua forma tradicional, trabalha com a formação da criança para o tempo linear, mas a infância, em sua potência revolucionária, é a suspensão do tempo como repetição mecânica, em favor de um tempo artístico, um "tempo de agora". Com base na constelação conceitual construída por Benjamin, pretendemos pensar uma agenda voltada para o futuro da educação, onde a escola deve, então, voltar seus investimentos para o tempo intensivo, o das surpresas, o dos cortes, o do inusitado. O artigo aponta para a educação pensada como experiência de outra temporalidade - aquela que se faz num encontro intensivo entre coisas e pessoas, livre e aberto para o inédito, aberto para o radical e para o agora.

  19. [Narratives in the study of mental health care practices: contributions of the perspectives of Paul Ricoeur, Walter Benjamin and of medical anthropology].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Onocko-Campos, Rosana Teresa; Palombini, Analice de Lima; Leal, Erotildes; de Serpa, Octavio Domont; Baccari, Ivana Oliveira Preto; Ferrer, Ana Luiza; Diaz, Alberto Giovanello; Xavier, Maria Angélica Zamora

    2013-10-01

    Narratives are ever more frequent in qualitative studies seeking to interpret experiences and the different viewpoints of individuals in a given context. Starting from this concept, the tradition that addresses narrative is reexamined, including the philosophy of Paul Ricoeur, the historical perspective of Walter Benjamin and the field of medical anthropology grounded in phenomenology. In Ricoeur, with hermeneutics as a variation derived from phenomenology, narrative is linked to temporality. In Benjamin, narrative comprised of bits and pieces, always inconclusive, emerges in spite of the official stories. If Ricoeur retrieves tradition from Gadamer as a fundamental component for the construction of the world of a text that makes imitation of life possible, Benjamin, faced with the collapse of tradition, suggests the invention of narrative forms outside the traditional canons, making it possible to hark to the past in order to change the present. Assumptions of medical anthropology are also presented, as they consider narrative a dimension of life and not its abstraction, namely an embodied and situated narrative. Lastly, three distinct research projects in mental health that use narrative linked to the theoretical concepts cited with their differences and similarities are presented.

  20. John Piper et Benjamin Britten : le renouveau de l’opéra anglais et ses décors John Piper and Benjamin Britten: backdrops to the renaissance of english opera

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sophie Aymès

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available From 1946 the artist John Piper designed sets for eight of Benjamin Britten’s operas. In this article, John Piper’s contribution to the renaissance of English opera is considered in the wider context of the artistic and political reconstruction of England after the Second World War. During the War, Piper was one of the artists who redefined Englishness. As an abstract artist turned architectural painter, he created a pastoral vision of the national heritage whose preservation had become necessary. The designs form a part of Piper’s pictorial work whose logical conclusion found expression in stained-glass windows. From the architectural designs for The Rape of Lucretia to the window he designed for the new Coventry Cathedral and to the last opera sets for Death in Venice, he created backdrops for Britten’s works that provided a sense of aesthetic continuity whilst reflecting the contradictions of opera as a social form of art in post-war Britain.

  1. Final Report of the Evaluation of the 1971-72 Benjamin Franklin Urban League Street Academy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erickson, Edsel; Hamler, Bev

    The major objective of the Street Academy Program, funded under Title I of the 1965 Elementary Secondary Education Act, is to help students stay in schools, or to help dropouts return to school or enter the world of work prepared and motivated to adjust and achieve satisfactorily. The Academy services approximately 500 high school students who…

  2. Learning against the Clock: Examining Learning and Development Concepts in "The Curious Case of Benjamin Button"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koenig, Allison L.; Smith, Amber R.

    2013-01-01

    Media and popular culture reach broad audiences and have the potential to be an invaluable teaching resource in terms of promoting adult education and learning. Human resource development instructors can use media artifacts (e.g., films, television, novels, and cartoons) as useful methods to demonstrate learning theory and adult development…

  3. Learning against the Clock: Examining Learning and Development Concepts in "The Curious Case of Benjamin Button"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koenig, Allison L.; Smith, Amber R.

    2013-01-01

    Media and popular culture reach broad audiences and have the potential to be an invaluable teaching resource in terms of promoting adult education and learning. Human resource development instructors can use media artifacts (e.g., films, television, novels, and cartoons) as useful methods to demonstrate learning theory and adult development…

  4. Software Assurance Curriculum Project Volume 4: Community College Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-01

    the GSwE2009 Bloom’s Taxonomy is a classification system devised in 1956 by a group of educators lead by Benjamin Bloom [ Bloom 1956]. The taxonomy ...program. Bloom’s Taxonomy divides educational objectives into three domains: affective, psychomotor, and cognitive. In this report, the focus is on the...2008. [Bishop 2003] Bishop, Matt. Computer Security: Art and Science. Addison-Wesley, 2003. [ Bloom 1956] Bloom , B. S ., ed. Taxonomy of

  5. Hermetismo e provocação: sobre “A tarefa do tradutor”, de Walter Benjamin

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    Georg Otte

    2015-12-01

    mesmo tempo um atrativo e um desafi o para seus leitores. Justapondo afirmações apodíticas, ele mesmo dá um exemplo dessa ambivalência pela provocativa ideia de que nem a obra literária nem sua tradução estariam dirigidas ao seu leitor. Considerando o uso comunicativo da linguagem como um abuso, Benjamin não apenas defende a autonomia da obra, mas também reivindica a autonomia da tradução como “forma”. Não sendo um canal de comunicação para o original nem sua derivação, a tarefa da tradução consiste em despertar a “pura língua” no original. Assim, correspondências escondidas têm de substituir a comunicação linear.

  6. La máquina mitológica de Furio Jesi y la cita a Walter Benjamin

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    Mercedes Ruvitoso

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available En su modelo cognoscitivo llamado “máquina mitológica” Furio Jesi se propone circuns­cribir el concepto de “mito” mediante una técnica de composición crítica de datos y doctrinas sobre el mito y la mitología. El modelo no sólo busca afrontar razones de tipo científico metodológicas sino también ético-políticas. Se trata de evitar toda evocación e instrumentalización del mito en vistas a un interés político. Este trabajo analiza el modo en que el modelo de Jesi retoma y desarrolla dos motivos de la obra de Walter Benjamin: (1 el llamado método de la citación sin comillas y (2 la crítica a las teorías reaccionarias del mito, específicamente en lo que concierne a la rehabilitación de Bachofen en la cultura alemana de las décadas de 1920-1930.

  7. 浅析本雅明的“灵韵”理论思想%Benjamin's"Aura"Theory Thought

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋雯燕

    2014-01-01

    院在前人的基础上,本雅明通过进行创造性的运用和发展,进而形成“灵韵”。观赏者透过神韵,通过联想和互动,能够被艺术强烈地震撼。但是,随着现代机械复制技术的不断发展,灵韵逐步被摧毁。本文通过阐述灵韵的含义,介绍灵韵的基本特性,同时对灵韵的结局---被摧毁进行分析。进而希望对人们的感觉系统进行改变和重塑。%On the basis of our predecessors, through Benjamin's creative use and development, the "aura" is formed. Through charm and association and interaction, the viewers can be strongly shock by art. However, with the continuous development of modern mechanical reproduction techniques, aura is gradually destroyed. This paper describes the meaning of aura, introduces the basic features of aura, at the same time analyzes the ending of aura-are destroyed, with a view to change and remodel people's feel system.

  8. Global paths of time-periodic solutions of the Benjamin-Ono equation connecting arbitrary traveling waves

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ambrose, David M.; Wilkening, Jon

    2008-12-11

    We classify all bifurcations from traveling waves to non-trivial time-periodic solutions of the Benjamin-Ono equation that are predicted by linearization. We use a spectrally accurate numerical continuation method to study several paths of non-trivial solutions beyond the realm of linear theory. These paths are found to either re-connect with a different traveling wave or to blow up. In the latter case, as the bifurcation parameter approaches a critical value, the amplitude of the initial condition grows without bound and the period approaches zero. We propose a conjecture that gives the mapping from one bifurcation to its counterpart on the other side of the path of non-trivial solutions. By experimentation with data fitting, we identify the form of the exact solutions on the path connecting two traveling waves, which represents the Fourier coefficients of the solution as power sums of a finite number of particle positions whose elementary symmetric functions execute simple orbits in the complex plane (circles or epicycles). We then solve a system of algebraic equations to express the unknown constants in the new representation in terms of the mean, a spatial phase, a temporal phase, four integers (enumerating the bifurcation at each end of the path) and one additional bifurcation parameter. We also find examples of interior bifurcations from these paths of already non-trivial solutions, but we do not attempt to analyze their algebraic structure.

  9. Macumba surrealista: observações de Benjamin Péret em terreiros cariocas nos anos 1930

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emerson Giumbelli

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available ResumoBenjamin Péret, poeta surrealista francês, viveu no Brasil entre 1929 e 1931, período no qual observou rituais em terreiros afro-brasileiros e compôs relatos registrados em uma série de artigos (“Candomblé e macumba” publicados em um jornal paulistano. O texto oferece uma análise desse conjunto de artigos, recorrendo a outras referências de e sobre Péret. Privilegia dois conjuntos de questões. Primeiro, como as observações do poeta francês dialogam com as etnografias contemporâneas sobre grupos e rituais de origem africana. Segundo, os diálogos que se estabelecem entre o olhar de Péret e preocupações de parcela do modernismo brasileiro. As transformações pelas quais passam as religiões afro-brasileiras podem ser vistas como processos que colocam em jogo questões semelhantes ao projeto modernista de “descoberta do Brasil”. O relato de Péret, com suas marcas surrealistas, é ao mesmo tempo testemunha e produto dessa busca.

  10. Reflections in the Mirror of Reggio Emilia's Soul: John Dewey's Foundational Influence on Pedagogy in the Italian Educational Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lindsay, Gai

    2015-01-01

    This paper articulates John Dewey's socio-political and historical influence upon the foundation and evolution of the world-renowned Reggio Emilia approach to early childhood education. It proposes that the pedagogical depth, influence and endurance of the Italian project are grounded in Dewey's philosophies of education, aesthetics and democracy.…

  11. Can We Teach Civic Education and Service-Learning in a World of Privatization, Inequality, and Interdependence?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barber, Benjamin R.

    2012-01-01

    This essay is an excerpt from a keynote speech delivered by Benjamin Barber at the 2nd Annual Summer Research Institute on the "Future of Community Engagement in Higher Education." The speech focuses on six conditions that will impact community service-learning and voluntarism efforts in the years ahead: the ideology of neo-liberalism and…

  12. A dicotomia tradutor/autor na leitura de "a tarefa do tradutor", de Benjamin, por Derrida The dichotomy translator/author in the reading of Benjamin's "die aufgabe des übersetzers" by Derrida

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    Vanete Dutra Santana

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo analisa a dicotomia entre tradutor/tradução (texto de chegada e autor/original (texto de partida, considerando a postura da crítica tradicional, representada aqui pela apreciação de Maurício Santana Dias à tradução de A Divina Comédia, de Dante Alighieri, empreendida por Italo Eugênio Mauro e de Carlos Heitor Cony e Ivo Barroso a traduções do poema O Corvo, de Edgar Allan Poe; alguns casos exemplares em que tradução e original se confundem, como a tradução que Charles Baudelaire fez dos contos de Edgard Allan Poe e a obra de Daniel Gagnon, Une fille a marie e The daughter to marriage, uma mesma história escrita pelo mesmo autor em duas línguas diferentes; a questão dos direitos autorais e a discussão de Jacques Derrida sobre tradução e original e a tarefa do tradutor, contida em "Des Tours de Babel", texto em que retoma o clássico "A tarefa do tradutor" (Die Aufgabe des Übersetzers, de Walter Benjamin. Partindo da análise de discurso, da desconstrução e dos conceitos pós-coloniais de tradução, nosso objetivo foi demonstrar que as obras traduzidas não se encontram, necessariamente, em patamar inferior, em termos de qualidade literária, em relação à obra de partida, ressaltando que, em muitos casos, quando não se dispõe do que chamamos "elementos formais de distinção", não é possível distinguir original de tradução. Logo, concluímos, partir do pressuposto de que inferioridade literária seria característica de tradução premissa em que a crítica tradicional tem se apoiado para justificar suas avaliações negativas das traduções não faz sentido algum.The article analyzes the dichotomy between translator/translation and author/"original", considering the stance of the traditional critique, represented here by the Mauricio Santana Dias´ appreciation to the translation of Dante Alighieri´s Divina Comedia, done by Italo Eugenio Mauro; Carlos Heitor Cony´s appreciation to the

  13. Walter Benjamin e a infância: apontamentos impressionistas sobre sua(s narrativa(s a partir de narrativas diversas = Walter Benjamin and childhood: impressionist notes on his narrative(s from diverse narratives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marchi, Rita de Cassia

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo trata da infância como objeto de reflexão filosófica em Walter Benjamin (WB, sugerindo que tal autor é o precursor dos atuais estudos sociais sobre a infância que veem a criança como ator social e como produtora de cultura, por ser muito anterior a Philippe Ariès. A experiência da infância em WB surge através do trabalho da sua memória sobre emoções, brinquedos e livros infantis, além de suas reflexões sobre pedagogia. Nos textos de WB sobre infância, no início do século XX, vemos afirmada a atual visão da especificidade das culturas infantis, em que a criança não é o adulto em miniatura, e sim detentora de uma razão própria, ainda que irracional aos nossos olhos. Assim, em WB, como em Baudelaire, a criança é o indivíduo capaz de descobrir ou criar o ‘novo’ em oposição ao ‘sempre-igual’; o novo como a constante e fascinada (redescoberta da própria vida; aquilo que, paradoxalmente, é também o ‘eterno e o imutável’. Este artigo é composto de reflexões feitas à luz de textos de WB, de leitores e exegetas de sua obra e de autores de outras áreas do conhecimento com os quais se estabelece diálogo a partir dos textos benjaminianos

  14. Walter Benjamin and his arcades project%本雅明“巴黎幻境”解读

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙秀昌

    2015-01-01

    本雅明在其规模宏大的“拱廊研究计划”中,将目光聚焦于作为19世纪的首都的巴黎,描述并阐发了巴黎的拱廊、世界博览会、居室装饰艺术、巴黎公社时期的街垒等都市景观。在他看来,整个巴黎就是由新技术与新经济营造起来的一种“幻境世界”。为此,他借着充斥商品拜物教气息的巴黎拱廊、世界博览会等景观揭示了“市场幻境”的秘密,借着“居室”对新技术与新经济的抗拒以及“青春艺术派”装饰对“居室”的消灭述说了“居室幻境”的命运,借着奥斯曼对巴黎的改建以及巴黎公社时期的街垒战和巴黎焚城等新行为分析了“文明本身的幻境”这一“辩证的意象”。%Walter Benjamin centers his arcades project on Paris of the 19th century ,describing and ex‐plicating the passages courverts ,world expo ,interior decoration ,Paris commune and all spectacles .Paris looks like a wonderland made up of new technology and new economy ,which becomes the target of criti‐cisms .Besides ,he adopts the innovative reconstruction of Paris by Haussmann and other events to account for the civilization as a dialectical image .

  15. The Future Direction of the Stamford Public Schools: The Impact of Policy Trends on Public Education. Stamford Educational Public Policy Impact Study. Volume I.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feld, Marcia Marker; And Others

    In the last decade, Stamford has been transformed from a suburban town to an urban center of national renown. A responsive yet directive public school system is critical in preserving a feeling of community. The Stamford Educational Planning Committee, a team of interdisciplinary professionals and a broad-based community group, examined trends in…

  16. Testing some of Benjamin Graham’s Stock Selection Criteria: A Case of the FTSE Bursa Malaysia EMAS Index from Year 2000 to 2009

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Desmond Chang

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Benjamin Graham, also known as the “father of value investing” proposed that investment in the stock exchange can be a safe endeavor while receiving gains that outperform the market if the investor makes carefully thought out purchases. This study aims to determine if the use of some of Benjamin Graham’s stock selection criteria is able to generate returns that are significantly greater than the returns in the stock exchange of Malaysia, particularly, the comprehensive FTSE Bursa Malaysia EMAS Index. This study collected secondary data regarding fundamentals of companies listed in the FTSE Bursa Malaysia EMAS Index from the year 2000 to 2009. Five criteria were set up in this research based on one or a combination of price-to-earnings ratio, price-to-book value, current ratio and dividend yield. The listed companies were screened using those criteria. An equally weighted portfolio was created using the screened companies and their one-year and two-year returns calculated. The returns were compared to the market return. Hypotheses of this research were tested using t-test statistic to determine the significance of the data. This research found that most of the screening criteria used generated returns that were higher than the market return in almost every year they were tested in. Benjamin Graham’s stock selection criteria although have been conceived over 80 years ago is still applicable today in the Malaysian market. Further research can be conducted with different criteria with varying holding periods and in different markets.

  17. Previsões imprevisíveis para o Brasil em 2011: resoluções para o novo governo à maneira de Benjamin Franklin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo Roberto Almeida

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Exercício especulativo com base em treze princípios morais estabelecidos por Benjamin Frnaklin para sua conduta pessoal, aplicados ao comportamento do governo brasileiro no período 2011-2014. Contrariamente às previsões habituais a cada começo de ano, estas previsões se destinam a não serem realizadas, de acordo com uma postura contrarianista de estilo irônico, mas que reflete a realidade das políticas governamentais.

  18. El montaje en Aby Warburg Y Walter Benjamin. Un método alternativo para la representación de la violencia

    OpenAIRE

    Urueña Calderón, Juan Felipe

    2015-01-01

    El texto pretende esbozar un modo de disposición y exposición del archivo visual basado en la noción de montaje. El método se esbozará a partir de algunos de los elementos del proceder metodológico de Aby Warburg y Walter Benjamin. Las correspondencias que se han trazado entre las prácticas históricas de ambos autores, se aprovecharán para dar cuenta de un método que comparten en cuanto al modo especial de entender las relaciones entre los elementos del archivo y las temporalidades que es pos...

  19. Estruturas de sentimento na modernidade: um estudo sobre as experiências nas obras de Walter Benjamin, a propósito de Charles Baudelaire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabíola Calazans

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available A partir da noção de “estruturas de sentimento” do pensador do materialismocultural Raymond Williams, pretende-se estudar as experiências tecnológicas perceptivas nacultura moderna, do século XIX, imanentes às obras de Walter Benjamin, particularmente,nos textos referentes a Charles Baudelaire. Para tanto, faz-se um estudo exploratório dasprincipais categorias de experiência para se compreender as implicações na modernidade.

  20. Review of Shipwreck at Cape Flora: the expeditions of Benjamin Leigh Smith, England’s forgotten Arctic explorer, by P. J. Capelotti

    OpenAIRE

    Barr, Susan

    2013-01-01

    Research for this biography has taken the author from the United States to various parts of the United Kingdom and to Franz Josef Land, as well as drawing on his field experiences from Svalbard. His thoroughness in digging up material has produced a detailed account of the rather amazing life of the British eccentric Benjamin Leigh Smith.(Published: 12 September 2013)Citation: Polar Research 2013, 32, 22576, http://dx.doi.org/10.3402/polar.v32i0.22576

  1. Uma história dos sem nomes: a visão de história em Walter Benjamin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo Arriada

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available  O presente artigo busca resgatar alguns aspectos fundamentais da obra benjaminiana, na tentativa de explicitar a visão de história construída pelo mesmo ao longo de uma vida prenhe de significados. Sua grande interrogação não se dirigia tanto a desvendar o segredo da história - res gestae - mas sim, a maneira que podemos falar dela, a esclarecer como um caos de acontecimentos pode fazer-se inteligível. A grande questão epistemológica que nos aponta Benjamin é: que história queremos fazer? Como conhecer a história? Ele nos adverte que a transformação do passado em história é função do presente do historiador, do momento do tempo e do lugar em que seu discurso é engendrado. Não se trata tanto de restaurar o passado, nem sequer de reconstruí-lo, como pensou o historicismo, mas sim de criá-lo. Palavras-chave: Walter Benjamin, história, narração.   Résume Cet article a le but de repérer quelques aspects essentiels de l'oeuvre benjaminienne, en essayant d'expliciter Ia vision d'histoire construite par l'auteur au long d'une vie pleine de signification. Sa grande interrogation ne s'appliquait pas à découvrir le secret de l'histoire ­res gestae - mais au mode que nons en pouvons parler et à éclairer comment un chaos peut devenir intelligíble. La grande question épistémologíque que Benjamin nous signale c'est: quelle histoire est-ce que nous voulons fàire? Comment connaitre l'histoire? IIs nous prévient que Ia transfonnation du passé en histoire est fonction du présent de l'historien, du temps et du lieu ou son discours est engendré. Il ne s'agit pas de restaurer le passé, ni même de le reconstruire, comme l'historicisme a pensé, mais de le créer. Mots-clé: Walter Benjamin, histoire, narration. 

  2. Radical Democratic Education as Response to Two World Wars and a Contribution to World Peace: The Inspirational Work of Alex Bloom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fielding, Michael

    2014-01-01

    A key contributor to the 1948 New Education Fellowship "The Teacher and World Peace" submission to UNESCO, Alex Bloom is one of the most remarkable pioneers of radical democratic education of the twentieth century. In many important respects, Bloom's internationally renowned work from 1945-55 at St George-in-the-East Secondary Modern…

  3. Radical Democratic Education as Response to Two World Wars and a Contribution to World Peace: The Inspirational Work of Alex Bloom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fielding, Michael

    2014-01-01

    A key contributor to the 1948 New Education Fellowship "The Teacher and World Peace" submission to UNESCO, Alex Bloom is one of the most remarkable pioneers of radical democratic education of the twentieth century. In many important respects, Bloom's internationally renowned work from 1945-55 at St George-in-the-East Secondary Modern…

  4. Radical Democratic Education as Response to Two World Wars and a Contribution to World Peace: The Inspirational Work of Alex Bloom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fielding, Michael

    2014-01-01

    A key contributor to the 1948 New Education Fellowship "The Teacher and World Peace" submission to UNESCO, Alex Bloom is one of the most remarkable pioneers of radical democratic education of the twentieth century. In many important respects, Bloom's internationally renowned work from 1945-55 at St George-in-the-East Secondary…

  5. The Rise of Work-Based Academic Education in Austria, Germany and Switzerland

    Science.gov (United States)

    Graf, Lukas

    2016-01-01

    Austria, Germany and Switzerland are renowned for their extensive systems of collective vocational skill formation, which, however, have developed largely in separation from higher education. This divide has become increasingly contested as a result of a variety of socioeconomic factors that have led to an increasing demand for higher level…

  6. The Social and Physical Policy Environment. Stamford Educational Public Policy Impact Study. Volume II.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feld, Marcia Marker; And Others

    In the last decade, Stamford has been transformed from a suburban town to an urban center of national renown. A responsive yet directive public school system is critical in preserving a feeling of community. The Stamford Educational Planning Committee, a team of interdisciplinary professionals and a broad-based community group, examined trends in…

  7. Law and Society in Seattle: Law-Related Education as Culturally Responsive Teaching

    Science.gov (United States)

    VanderStaay, Steven L.

    2007-01-01

    In this article, I provide a portrait (Sara Lawrence-Lightfoot and Jessica Hoffman Davis 1997) of a renowned law-related education (LRE) program, its teacher, and four of its student-participants. Following the portrait, I discuss theoretical explanations for the success of ethnic-minority students in this and other LRE programs. These…

  8. Feminist Tales of Teaching and Resistance: Reimagining Gender in Early Childhood Education (Reggio Emilia, Italy)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balfour, Beatrice Jane Vittoria

    2016-01-01

    This article investigates whether the memories of women's movements that grew out of the Italian Resistance to the Nazi-Fascist Regime during the Second World War have left any legacy to women teachers in early childhood education. The article focuses on the case of internationally renowned and high-quality schools for young children, the…

  9. Law and Society in Seattle: Law-Related Education as Culturally Responsive Teaching

    Science.gov (United States)

    VanderStaay, Steven L.

    2007-01-01

    In this article, I provide a portrait (Sara Lawrence-Lightfoot and Jessica Hoffman Davis 1997) of a renowned law-related education (LRE) program, its teacher, and four of its student-participants. Following the portrait, I discuss theoretical explanations for the success of ethnic-minority students in this and other LRE programs. These…

  10. International partnerships in telehealth: healthcare, industry and education

    OpenAIRE

    Frances Louise Finn; Conor O’Byrne

    2012-01-01

    Project background In 2010 an internationally renowned American healthcare organisation partnered with Irish industry and higher education in Waterford with the goal to expand their telehealth services. Combining the skills and expertise of Nurse Consultants, Nurse Educators, IT Specialists and Healthcare Executives, these collaborative partnerships led to the delivery of telehealth services to North America from an Irish base, and to the development of new European telehealth programmes and ...

  11. Do deserto de gelo da abstração ao filosofar concreto: correspondência Adorno-Benjamin (1928-1940

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aléxia Bretas

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Trata-se de uma resenha crítica da controvertida correspondência entre Theodor W. Adorno e Walter Benjamin - dois dos mais expressivos representantes da chamada primeira geração de teóricos críticos associados ao Instituto de Pesquisa Social. Além de remeter suas cartas à respectiva experiência intelectual de cada um deles, este artigo busca oferecer uma análise fundamentada dessa instigante interlocução filosófica, para além da rígida bipolarização entre "adornianos" e "benjaminianos", que, via de regra, tem predominado em sua recepção especializada, dentro e fora do Brasil. Para isso, procura-se enfatizar o contraponto produtivo entre a Dialética negativa de Adorno e o projeto das Passagens de Benjamin, tomando como centro gravitacional o processo construtivo deste último trabalho - cerne tanto das afinidades, quanto das insolúveis dissonâncias entre os dois autores. Esta pesquisa tem o apoio da FAPESP.

  12. Experiência e tradição em Walter Benjamin: ressonâncias para a educação

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sérgio Luiz Alves da Rocha

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available O proceso educativo faz com que diferentes gerações tenham que relacionar-se. Diante das modifcações dos últimos anos, alguns professores, adotam ora uma perspectiva saudosista, ora um discurso que valoriza de modo extremo os jovens e o novo. A ênfase, seja na experiência dos mais velhos, com a consequente desvalorização dos mais jovens, ou da experiência dos mais jovens, renegando-se a experiência dos mais velhos, nos impede de estabelecer pontes entre as gerações. Utilizo alguns textos de Walter Benjamin para refetir sobre o significado da experiência e da tradição. As ideias de Benjamin me permitem pensar sobre a relação entre as gerações no interior da escola a partir de uma postura ética que reconheça nosso papel como representantes de uma determinada tradição sem deixar de estarmos abertos às experiências dos jovens.

  13. How To Use the Internet in Your Classroom: A Guide for Teachers, Technology Coordinators, Staff Developers, Administrators, and Other Educators about Teaching and Learning in the New Media Classroom. By Teachers, for Teachers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meyers, Ellen, Ed.

    This book provides information to help teachers use the Internet in the classroom. Tips from 28 educators note potential pitfalls and offer many perspectives on teaching with the Internet. The educators present their own classroom materials, lesson plans, Web sites, and words of wisdom. Interviews with renowned experts in the field address key…

  14. Struggling to Balance Various Stakeholders' Perceptions: The Work Life of Ideo-Political Education Teachers in China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lai, Manhong; Lo, Leslie N. K.

    2011-01-01

    As a compulsory course at universities throughout the Chinese Mainland, ideo-political education aims to safeguard university students' political loyalty to the Communist Party. By employing a qualitative research method, this study investigated a renowned comprehensive university in southern China. The case study found that students expressed…

  15. Struggling to Balance Various Stakeholders' Perceptions: The Work Life of Ideo-Political Education Teachers in China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lai, Manhong; Lo, Leslie N. K.

    2011-01-01

    As a compulsory course at universities throughout the Chinese Mainland, ideo-political education aims to safeguard university students' political loyalty to the Communist Party. By employing a qualitative research method, this study investigated a renowned comprehensive university in southern China. The case study found that students expressed…

  16. Benjamin's Angel of History and the Work of Mourning in Ethical Remembrance: Understanding the Effect of W.G. Sebald's Novels in the Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joldersma, Clarence W.

    2014-01-01

    The paper develops a conceptual framework for understanding the work of ethical remembrance in the classroom. Using David Hansen's recent example of using Sebald's novels in his classroom to do the work or remembrance, the paper argues that the effect of Sebald's novels is best understood using Walter Benjamin's figure of the…

  17. Review: Benjamin Rubbers, Le paternalisme en question: Les anciens ouvriers de la Gécamines face à la libéralisation du secteur minier katangais (RD Congo (2013

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katja Werthmann

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Review of the monograph: Benjamin Rubbers, Le paternalisme en question: Les anciens ouvriers de la Gécamines face à la libéralisation du secteur minier katangais (RD Congo, Cahiers africains, 81, Tervuren: Musée royal de l’Afrique centrale / Paris: L’Harmattan, 2013, ISBN: 9782343002385, 315 pp.

  18. Nicole Fouché. Benjamin Franklin et Thomas Jefferson : Aux sources de l’amitié franco-américaine 1776-1808.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nathalie Caron

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available Spécialiste des relations franco-américaines, Nicole Fouché propose une comparaison presque terme à terme entre deux Pères fondateurs de renom, Benjamin Franklin et Thomas Jefferson. Ce choix, comme la brièveté de l’ouvrage, le nombre limité de notes, la présence d’une courte bibliographie et l’absence d’index, répond aux exigences de la collection « Biographies américaines », dirigée par Annick Foucrier, dont l’objectif est de « présenter l’histoire des Etats-Unis à travers les vies de deux ...

  19. 本杰明的现代都市文化批判思想%Benjamin on Culture of Modern Metropolis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴友军; 张宇雷

    2014-01-01

    Walter Benjamin is an important thinker in urban culture studies .In his earlier time , he paid much attention to the literature critics .He studied modern metropolis culture with the core of Arcades Project , and analyzed the mixture of civilization and un -civilization in modern culture , which are the omen and core of the enlightenment dialect .%本杰明是都市文化研究中的重要人物,他从文艺批评对现代性文化进行探讨入手,以拱廊街计划为核心进行了现代都市文化的研究,对现代文化中的文明和野蛮的交织进行了分析,这是启蒙辩证法的先兆甚至核心。

  20. The Liberating Role of Astronomy in an Old Farmer's Almanac: David Rittenhouse's "Useful Knowledge" and a Benjamin Banneker Almanac for 1792

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walker, Theodore, Jr.

    2012-06-01

    Traditionally, astronomy met theology and political ethics in almanacs. As presented in early New England almanacs of the farmer's type, astronomy was deity-affirming and liberty-oriented. The old English label for astronomy that affirms theology was "Astro-theology" (William Derham, 1715). The New England rendering of astro-theology was so strongly oriented towards liberty that it can now be labeled astro-liberation theology. This 21st century label is appropriate because 18th century New England printers and astronomers used astronomy to demonstrate the glory of the Creator (astro-theology) and to encourage liberation from colonialism and slavery (astro-liberation theology). A philosophy of astronomy as "useful knowledge' expressed by David Rittenhouse in 1775 - and implicit in a Benjamin Banneker almanac for 1792 - included liberty-oriented visions of planet Earth as seen from outer space, and liberty-oriented visions of intelligent life on other planets orbiting other stars.

  1. Do Génio ao jogo. O papel da Técnica na Transformação dos Valores Estéticos em Walter Benjamin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nélio Rodrigues Conceição

    Full Text Available Resumo: Analisando o papel desempenhado pela questão da técnica no pensamento de Walter Benjamin, o artigo debruça-se sobre a transformação dos valores estéticos, na modernidade. As técnicas de reprodução/registo inventadas nos séculos XIX e XX, como a fotografia e o cinema, obrigaram a uma revisão das articulações entre arte, técnica e história, articulações que Benjamin desenvolveu em diversos sentidos. Contudo, não encontramos, nos seus textos, uma filosofia da técnica de princípios claramente estabelecidos. Portanto, o presente artigo visa estabelecer uma constelação de temas, os quais, brotando dos seus textos, nos permitem clarificar como a técnica influencia a transformação e a criação de valores estéticos, sendo estes entendidos como eixos em torno dos quais se dão a produção e a crítica dos fenómenos estéticos. A fotografia, constituindo um momento de viragem incisivamente estudado pelo autor, é o fio condutor das diferentes leituras. Historicidade da percepção; dimensão política da arte; sua relação com a memória; elemento de jogo: são estes os quatro eixos em torno dos quais se procura clarificar e, sempre que possível, prolongar a proposta benjaminiana.

  2. El hilo sutil de la rememoración. Felicidad y redención histórica en la obra de Walter Benjamin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Palermo, Sandra Viviana

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents an analysis of the structure of the Messianic time that Benjamin tries to think from the point of view of its inextricable connection to the concepts of happiness and redemption. The conceptual route goes from the early writings, in which the constellation happiness-redemption acquires a definite physiognomy —combining with an elegant and specific critique of modernity— to the thesis Über den Begriff der Geschichte, in which this constellation is intertwined with the figure of Eingedenken, which determines an important conceptual shift in the theoretical horizon of the author, also representing the specificity and richness of his reflections on time and history.

    El texto presenta un análisis de la estructura del tiempo mesiánico que Benjamin intenta pensar desde el punto de vista de su indisoluble conexión con los conceptos de felicidad y redención. El recorrido conceptual va desde los escritos de juventud, en los que la constelación felicidad-redención adquiere una fisionomía definida —conjugándose con una crítica elegante y puntual de la modernidad—, a las tesis Sobre el concepto de historia, en las cuales tal constelación se entrelaza con la figura del Eingedenken, que determina un desplazamiento conceptual importante en el horizonte teórico del autor, representando además la especificidad y la riqueza de su reflexión sobre el tiempo y la historia.

  3. Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    2001-01-01

    method for the delivery of educational services. Social Support Parental involvement in the education process is critical for improving...student performance as parental involvement in their children’s education.” 28

  4. MELANCOLÍA Y FLEMA (CONCEPCIONES HUMORALISTAS EN TORNO A LA NOCIÓN DE MELANCOLÍA EN "EL ORIGEN DEL TRAUERSPIEL ALEMÁN" DE WALTER BENJAMIN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Horacio de Freitas

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available If something is usually considered to be remarkable about “The origin of German tragic drama”, a book written by Walter Benjamin in order to be a postulant as a teacher at the University, is its conceptual richness and innovation. This essay tries to accomplish two objectives: On the one hand, to understand the sense of one of these notions, that of melancholy, which is so important for Benjamin both in this work and all along his philosophical production. On the other hand, an attempt is made to investigate both implicit and explicit sources used by the philosopher to refer to the term under consideration. This will lead us to deal with classic medicine authors such as Hippocrates and Galen, from the renacentist astrological ideological repertoire such as Ficino and some Freudian proposals about mourning and melancholy.

  5. La enfermedad histórica de la hermenéutica y su transformación dialéctica. El pensamiento débil entre Gadamer y Benjamin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leandro Catoggio

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo tiene por fin mostrar cómo la hermenéutica nihilista de Gianni Vattimo mediante su crítica a la hermenéutica ontológica de Gadamer recupera la figura de Walter Benjamin y la asocia al proyecto de Heidegger. Esto lleva a que el presente trabajo, en primer lugar, describa cuáles son las críticas que Vattimo le realiza a Gadamer; y, en segundo lugar, muestre cómo es posible aunar la filosofía de Heidegger con el pensamiento crítico de Benjamin. Por último, se indica mediante la congruencia de estos autores cómo es posible la construcción de un sujeto post-metafísico

  6. "Estetização da política e politização da arte": a estética do fascismo nas obras de Walter Benjamin

    OpenAIRE

    Rui Bragado Sousa

    2015-01-01

    O artigo examina a ascensão do fascismo na Alemanha a partir da estética de Walter Benjamin e propõe, ao final, um diálogo com Ernst Bloch. O método visa escapar de interpretações meramente econômicas que supostamente possibilitaram a chegada de Hitler ao poder. Procura-se um campo semântico mais vasto, dialético, como os conceitos utilizados por Benjamin como messianismo, alegoria e origem (ursprung). A “origem” é um protofenômeno no sentido teológico, quer seja ele o Paraíso ou o comunismo ...

  7. A vocação pedagógica dos museus de Filadélfia The educational vocation of the Philadelphia museums

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Carvalho de Magalhães

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available A ação educativa dos museus de Filadélfia é extraordinariamente ampla. Dos museus menores, como o Benjamin Franklin Underground Museum, ao imenso Philadelphia Museum of Art, eles oferecem um leque vasto e diversificado de materiais pedagógicos, seja dirigidos à escola, seja ao público em geral. Este ensaio relata e analisa as suas estratégias educativas, especialmente as ações educativas dos museus de arte.The educational action of the Philadelphia Museums is extraordinarily vast. From the smaller museums, as the Benjamin Franklin Underground Museum, to the immense Philadelphia Museum of Art, they offer an ample and varied range of pedagogical materials, both for schools and for the public in general. This essay reports and analyzes their educational strategies, especially the educational actions of the art museums.

  8. Education

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Valk, H.; Crul, M.; Crul, M.; Heering, L.

    2008-01-01

    Education is of crucial importance in the lives of young adults. Attending school is not only a major part of everyday life, but education is a decisive factor for the future. In literature, educational attainment has been tied to a host of outcomes in adult life. Education is perceived as the key f

  9. The Application of the Survival Culture of "The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin"into Colleges%《富兰克林自传》生存文化在大学里的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪春英; 董茜

    2015-01-01

    《富兰克林自传》是一部优秀传记文学作品,详细叙述了富兰克林一生的成长、发展、成功以及他所做的公益事业和对社会的贡献。仔细研读《自传》中的生存文化,挖掘人生生存与发展的要义,有利于个人与社会的发展。就一个大学来说,我们能从《自传》这本书中找出大学发展的路径,因为几乎每一个人,无论是大学生、教师、还是大学领导人,都能从他身上借鉴一些生存启示。%"The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin",an excellent biographical literature book,elaborates clearly how Frank-lin grew,developed,succeeded and what public welfare services and contributions he did to the society.Reading "The Autobi-ography of Benjamin Franklin"thoroughly and gaining Benjamin Franklin's life experience or living principles helps our person-al development and social progress.As far as an ordinary college is concerned,its development secrets and problem resolutions may be found out from "The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin",as all persons,including college students,teachers and leaders,we can learn some living skills from Franklin.

  10. Huellas de la ciudad. Reflexiones sobre la relación entre ciudad, monumento y fotografía a partir de Walter Benjamin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rabe, Ana María

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available There is a deep relationship between monument and photography which is practically inseparable in the case of a town’s landmark. The monument and moreover the town’s landmark needs to be reproduced, and that means firstly: shot. But do we really see the town when we are contemplating monuments or their reproduction? Current life of a town presents itself in thousand ways. But no thousand pictures are able to compose the face of a town. If one seeks to reflect it, one has to do more than to reproduce that what presents itself with ostentation; one has to catch in flight what appears disappearing in a fugacious moment. For this, it’s necessary to catch the accidental trace behind the intentional traces. Holding a dialogue with Walter Benjamin as well as with Alfred Döblin, this text reflects on the relationship between picture and remembrance as well as the different dimensions of time, and in this connection on possibilities and limits in representing life and character of a town.

    Hay una relación estrecha entre monumento y fotografía, que es prácticamente inseparable en el caso del símbolo de la ciudad. El monumento y más el símbolo de una ciudad necesita ser reproducido, lo cual quiere decir en primer lugar: fotografiado. ¿Pero vemos realmente la ciudad cuando contemplamos los monumentos o bien la reproducción de los mismos? La vida actual de la ciudad se manifiesta de mil maneras. Pero no son mil imágenes las que componen el rostro de la ciudad. Para reflejarlo, no basta con reproducir lo que se presenta ostensivamente; hay que atrapar al vuelo lo que aparece desapareciendo en un momento fugaz. Para ello hace falta atrapar las huellas casuales tras aquellas intencionales. En diálogo con Walter Benjamin y también con Alfred D��blin se reflexiona en este texto sobre la relación de la imagen con el recuerdo y las diferentes dimensiones del tiempo, y en este contexto sobre posibilidades y límites de la representaci

  11. From Apprentice to Journeyman to Partner: Benjamin Franklin's Workers and the Growth of the Early-American Printing Trade.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frasca, Ralph

    In studying the history of the American press, little attention has been given to printing networks and the apprenticeship system, factors which permitted the press not only to survive but to grow. Essential to press growth was the apprenticeship system, vocational education which replenished and augmented the craft's practitioners. Apprentices…

  12. The Treachery in Teaching Henry James, Hayim Nachman Bialik, Walter Benjamin, and Nachman of Bratzlav's Tradition of Translation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cutter, William

    1989-01-01

    Views teaching as a form of translation. Discusses the prospects of precise teaching and sets forth some thoughts concerning an ideal model. Delineates discussion from the literary, mystical, and philosophical dimensions in order to elucidate the instructional tasks of religious education. Points out the paradoxes of teaching. (KO)

  13. A Psychological Model of Translation Quality Assessment: Applying Bloom’s Taxonomy of Educational Objectives to Grade English Texts

    OpenAIRE

    Natasha Pourdana; John S. Rajeski

    2014-01-01

    The present study explored the possibility of grading English texts based on the psychological processes a non-native English translator might go through by applying Benjamin Bloom’s Taxonomy of Educational Objectives: Cognitive Domain. The researchers’ primary assumption was that the difficulty of English texts would increase as the translator’s performance proceeds from translating an English text that requires their only language Knowledge through the texts requiring increasing demands of ...

  14. Ideologia alemã: a produção do mito na teórica do fascismo em W. Benjamin e S. Kracauer [German Ideology: The Production of Myth in the Theory of Fascism in W. Benjamin and S. Kracauer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robson Breno Dourado de Araujo

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Este texto discute a constituição ideológica da intelectualidade alemã no período pós Primeira-Guerra tal como exposto por Walter Benjamin e Siegfried Kracauer. Inicialmente, apresentamos o mote formal da produção literária de Ernst Jünger e do Círculo Tat, analisados pelos autores, respectivamente, e as condições de emergência da “superestrutura das relações materiais” como posicionamento político capaz de fundar o mito da germanidade que alicerça o novo nacionalismo de então. Desta feita, tematiza-se o modo como tal produção intelectual gerencia a ideia do herói de guerra e do Estado-Povo pervertendo a experiência da guerra de trincheira sobrepondo-lhe uma miragem.

  15. Estratégias de Investimento em Bolsa de Valores: Uma Pesquisa Exploratória da Visão Fundamentalista de Benjamin Graham

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vinicius de Castro Scottá dos Passos

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available

    Investimentos em bolsa de valores têm sido associados às incertezas e grandes riscos, quando na verdade existem teorias que podem ser assimiladas por qualquer pessoa que deseje diversificar seus investimentos. Estudar as ferramentas de análise de mercado de ações e as estratégias utilizadas por célebres investidores pode oferecer preciosas orientações de como devemos nos preparar psicologicamente e tecnicamente para operar no mercado de ações. O cenário globalizado favorece o fluxo de informação, mas, ainda assim, existe a assimetria informacional do mercado. A análise fundamentalista tem sido forte aliada do mercado de capitais e tem em Benjamin Graham um de seus principais expoentes. Este artigo versará sobre as teorias de Graham, buscando a aplicabilidade de tais premissas na realidade brasileira. A realização da pesquisa poderá ser mais um passo no aprendizado de variáveis que se correlacionam com o mercado bursátil, contribuindo para futuros investidores.

  16. 走近本杰明·格雷厄姆%A closer look at Mr. Benjamin Graham, the investment virtuoso

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张渝涓

    2001-01-01

    @@ 价值投资之父本杰明·格雷厄姆(Benjamin Grahm)无疑是证券界最著名的金融思想家之一.本以"思考者"自居,毕生著书立说颇多,除(Securitv Analysis)这一经典著作外,还为学术刊物、大众媒体和杂志撰写了大量文章.本曾经两度以其文章引发了大规模的股市反弹,一次是在1929年股市全盘崩溃之后,另一次是在70年代漫长的熊市之后.而当今世界上最成功的投资人士--沃伦·巴菲特坚持认为,任何投资者起步时都应从拜读格雷厄姆--价值投资理论之父的著作开始.

  17. Estratégias de Investimento em Bolsa de Valores: Uma Pesquisa Exploratória da Visão Fundamentalista de Benjamin Graham

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vinicius de Castro Scottá dos Passos

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Investimentos em bolsa de valores têm sido associados às incertezas e grandes riscos, quando na verdade existem teorias que podem ser assimiladas por qualquer pessoa que deseje diversificar seus investimentos. Estudar as ferramentas de análise de mercado de ações e as estratégias utilizadas por célebres investidores pode oferecer preciosas orientações de como devemos nos preparar psicologicamente e tecnicamente para operar no mercado de ações. O cenário globalizado favorece o fluxo de informação, mas, ainda assim, existe a assimetria informacional do mercado. A análise fundamentalista tem sido forte aliada do mercado de capitais e tem em Benjamin Graham um de seus principais expoentes. Este artigo versará sobre as teorias de Graham, buscando a aplicabilidade de tais premissas na realidade brasileira. A realização da pesquisa poderá ser mais um passo no aprendizado de variáveis que se correlacionam com o mercado bursátil, contribuindo para futuros investidores.

  18. O problema da estética em Arthur Danto e a questão da crítica em Walter Benjamin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rizzia Rocha

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Diante das mudanças ocorridas na arte das últimas décadas, os critérios estéticos tradicionais perdem sua eficácia para pensar a produção artística contemporânea. Consequentemente, a recepção da obra de arte, assentada na tradição, torna-se inócua. Neste artigo apresento a necessidade de uma reconfiguração da recepção do objeto artístico a partir da crítica não normativa da obra de arte, cunhada por Walter Benjamin, em associação às reflexões sobre estética e filosofia da arte desenvolvidas por Arthur Danto. A aproximação entre esses dois autores, embora mantenha uma dimensão controversa, propõe rearticular aspectos do pensamento benjaminiano sobre a arte, corroborando sua crítica ao ideal forjado pela razão iluminista. Assim, o presente artigo expõe o problema da estética e da história partindo do olhar que o contemporâneo lança ao passado, o qual ressignifica importantes modificações que o século XVIII introduziu no conceito de arte.

  19. Velhice, experiência e resistência: a ressignificação da memória nas obras de Ingmar Bergman e Walter Benjamin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael de Souza Dias

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Este texto apresenta uma breve reflexão sobre o ato de rememorar como um exercício motivador e gerador de novas perspectivas diante da vida na velhice. Para sua elaboração, utilizou-se como referência o filme “Morangos Silvestres”, de Ingmar Bergman, e o texto “A Infância em Berlim por volta de 1900”, de Walter Benjamin. Na obra literária, nos deparamos com a autobiografia de um filósofo que escreve diante da perseguição nazista e que vê a sua cidade sucumbir aos poderes autoritários, utilizando-se, assim, da memória como uma forma de lutar contra a opressão. No cinema, acompanhamos um personagem idoso e supostamente fictício que ao perceber a proximidade da morte, mergulha em uma viagem através de sua juventude, onde revê suas escolhas e avalia sua vida. Em ambas as obras, os personagens fazem das suas lembranças uma forma de ressignificar o presente.

  20. Baudelaire desabrigado: a questão do espaço em «Paris do Segundo Império» de Walter Benjamin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Georg Otte

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available O artigo comenta o ensaio “Paris do Segundo Império” de Walter Benjamin a partir da questão do espaço urbano e a partir da oposição que o autor estabelece entre o espaço do burguês (a casa e o do flâneur (a rua, este último representado por Baudelaire tanto como cidadão quanto poeta. O ensaio de Benjamim evidencia uma ambigüidade entre sua posição marxista declarada e sua simpatia pelo anarquismo político e poético de Baudelaire.L’article commente l’essai “Paris du Second Empire” de Waler Benjamim à partir de la question de l’espace urbain et l’opposition que l’auteur établit entre l’espace bourgeois (la maison et celui do flâneur (la rue, représenté par Baudelaire comme citoyen et comme poète. L’essai de Benjamim met en évidence une ambiguïté entre sa position marxiste déclarée et ses sympathies pour l’anarquisme politique et poétique de Baudelaire.

  1. ACADEMICIAN CONSTANTIN TURTA -RENOWNED, CONSISTENT, AMBITIOUS, NON-CONFORMIST SCIENTIST

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gheorghe Duca

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Dear academician, professor Constantin Turta, on the occasion of Your 70 years anniversary and 50 years of fruitful scientific and teaching activity, on behalf of the scientific community of the Academy of Sciences of Moldova, we address You our best wishes of prosperity, health, welfare, new advances in boinorganic chemistry, nanomaterials and advanced technologies.

  2. ACADEMICIAN CONSTANTIN TURTA -RENOWNED, CONSISTENT, AMBITIOUS, NON-CONFORMIST SCIENTIST

    OpenAIRE

    Gheorghe Duca; Tudor Lupascu

    2010-01-01

    Dear academician, professor Constantin Turta, on the occasion of Your 70 years anniversary and 50 years of fruitful scientific and teaching activity, on behalf of the scientific community of the Academy of Sciences of Moldova, we address You our best wishes of prosperity, health, welfare, new advances in boinorganic chemistry, nanomaterials and advanced technologies.

  3. A Critical Study of W. Benjamin's The Task of the Translator%论瓦尔特·本雅明的《译者的任务》

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    武立红

    2007-01-01

    As a literary critic, Walter Benjamin is one of the most original and important critical voices of the twentieth century. His essay "The Task of the Translator" is one of the best-known theoretical texts about translation. In his essay, he brings out a novel perspective in regard to langauge, translation, translator, the relationship between the original and the translation. However, there are some criticism on it, such as paradoxes, diffused style, vague concepts, and abstract ideas etc.. In spite of the criticism, his daring and novel perspectives on language and translation have exerted a great influence on later postmodernists and deconstructionists such as Derrida.%瓦尔特·本雅明是20世纪初最具创造性和最重要的批评家之一.他的《译者的任务》是最有影响的翻译理论之一.文中他对语言、翻译、译者以及原文和译文的关系进行了全新的阐释,使读者耳目一新.然而,他的论文也有不足之处,例如有些观点自相矛盾、文体不清、概念模糊、观点抽象等.尽管如此,他的大胆而新颖的理论对后来的后现代主义者、解构主义者,如德里达(Derrida)影响极大.

  4. Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    2002-01-01

    Master Plan for California Public Education, March 2000, 1; available at <http://www.kern.org/ masterplan / access.html>. 43 Ravitch, Left Back, 19. 44...Access and Equity for All Students.” A Master Plan for California Public Education, March 2000. Available at <http://www.kern.org/ masterplan

  5. On Benjamin Franklin’ s Anti-intellectualism%论富兰克林的反智主义倾向

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张国庆; 曾文婧

    2013-01-01

    By interpreting Franklin’ s Autobiography and referring to relevant historical documents, this paper explores Franklin’ s thoughts on religion, education and literature. A conclusion is drawn that, though Franklin is a prestigious intellectual and a successful writer, his emphasis on utilitarianism makes him take on an anti-intellec-tual tint, which has helped to lay the foundation for anti-intellectualism in American society after him.%文章通过解读富兰克林的《自传》,并结合相关历史文献,探讨了富兰克林的宗教观、教育理念、文学观。得出结论是:虽然富兰克林本身是著名的知识分子,也是富有成就的作家,但是对实用主义的过分强调,使其具有初步的反智倾向,为后来美国社会中盛行的反智主义思想奠定了基础。

  6. Discovery of a Large Volcanic Eruption in 1761 From Pre-Venus-Transit and Other Proxy Data, Using Benjamin Franklin's Method of Linking the 1783-1784 Cold Weather to the Laki Eruption

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pang, K. D.

    2006-12-01

    Observations of the 1761 and 1769 transits of Venus were crucial to the early development of American geoscience. Accurate longitude measurements were needed for that, the Mason-Dixon survey, the 1804-1806 Lewis and Clark expedition to Oregon, and the westward expansion of the new republic [Woolf, "The Transits of Venus: A Study of 18th Century Science," Princeton, 1959]. As founder of the American Philosophical Society Benjamin Franklin promoted the transit observations, and procured a large telescope for the Philadelphia group. While serving as ambassador to France he observed that a "dry fog" from the 1783 Laki eruption in Iceland had obscured the Sun, and suggested that as a cause of the unseasonably cold weather of that summer and winter. Although the longitude, solar parallax and Sun-Earth distance measurements have long since been improved on, observations of the dark lunar eclipse just before the June 6, 1761 transit are still valuable for identifying a very large volcanic eruption that spring, using Benjamin Franklin's method. Many observers worldwide, while making a final check on their clock/longitude, found the May 18, 1761 totally eclipsed Moon very dark or even invisible, e.g., Wargentin (Stockholm Observatory) could not see the Moon for 38 minutes even with a 2-ft telescope [Phil. Trans. 52, 208, 1761-1762]. Whereas the totally eclipsed Moon is illuminated only by sunlight refracted by the Earth's atmosphere, I conclude that it was severely obscured, thus meeting Benjamin Franklin's first condition. Ice cores from Greenland and Antarctica show a large sulfuric acid peak at 1762 [Crowley, Geophys. Res. Lett. 20, 209, 1993; and Karlof, J. Geophys. Res. 105, D10, 12471, 2000], also satisfying Benjamin Franklin's second condition that the obscuration be due to a "dry fog" (sulfuric acid mist). The weather of 1761-1762 was indeed very cold, as recorded in chronicles, and frost-damaged rings of North American bristlecone pines [LaMarche and Hirschboeck

  7. In-comunicação e tradução em Walter Benjamin.DOI: 10.5007/2175-7968.2011v2n28p37

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergio Romanelli

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Neste artigo pretende-se analisar a peculiar e inovadora definição de tradução de Walter Benjamin à luz de sua teoria da linguagem desenvolvida no livro Die Aufgabe des Übersetzers e fundamentada nos conceitos ambíguos de in-comunicação da obra de arte, de língua pura e de transcrição. Quer-se apontar não somente os elementos inovadores de seu discurso, mas, também, as fraquezas e incongruências tanto da forma quanto do conteúdo de sua obra.

  8. Juventud, memoria y derechos en tiempos de crisis. Una reflexión desde la crítica literaria de Walter Benjamin y la generación perdida de “Historias del Kronen”

    OpenAIRE

    Albert Noguera Fernández

    2014-01-01

    A partir de la obra del crítico literario Walter Benjamin el presente artículo explica cómo la recuperación de la Memoria histórica y su conexión con el presente constituye un elemento indispensable para poder construir un proyecto político colectivo capaz de recuperar la democracia, los derechos y la justicia social hoy desmantelados con la muerte del Estado constitucional en Europa. Este objetivo implica poner sobre la mesa dos cuestiones complejas. La primera es la implicación en este proy...

  9. Proeminência na mídia, reputação em ciências: a construção de uma feminista paradigmática e cientista normal no Museu Nacional do Rio de Janeiro Prominence in the media, renown in the sciences: the construction of a paradigmatic feminist and a scientist at Rio de Janeiro's Museu Nacional

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Margaret Lopes

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Bertha Lutz foi uma das mulheres de sua geração que desfrutaram de incontestável autoridade política e científica. Escreveu muito, e mais ainda se escreveu sobre ela, especialmente em sua época. Notícias de jornais, crônicas de Lima Barreto, inúmeras cartas, artigos científicos e textos inéditos da própria Bertha, comentados neste artigo, nos permitem observar que seu feminismo emprestou-lhe notoriedade e visibilidade - cuidadosamente construídas -, que se articulariam com seu desempenho profissional, impulsionando-o. A ciência lhe conferia prestígio social e garantia legitimidade para suas causas. Nesse período em que a comunidade científica tomou para si a tarefa de tornar públicas as suas conquistas, a proeminência feminista de Bertha na mídia emprestou-lhe reputação em ciências.Bertha Lutz was one of the women of her generation who enjoyed indisputable political and scientific authority. She wrote much and even more was written about her, especially during her day. The newspaper chronicles by Lima Barreto, countless letters, scientific papers, and unpublished texts by Bertha herself that are surveyed in this article indicate how much her feminism - inseparable from other dimensions of her life - fostered her professional career. Her feminism earned her a carefully constructed renown and visibility that interlocked with her professional performance. Science lent her social prestige and guaranteed legitimacy for her causes. During a period when the scientific community itself was engaged in publicizing its own activities, Bertha's feminist prominence in the media helped her make a name in the sciences.

  10. War Medicine and Surgery, Punishment and Torture at the time of the Regiments of Renown - Chirurgie de guerre, médecine militaire, punitions et torture à l’époque des compagnies de mercenaires - Medicina e Chirurgia da guerra, Punizioni e Tortura all’epoca delle Compagnie di Ventura

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lugaresi M.

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available This article highlights the main surgical and medical issues related to the age of the Regiments of Renown. Analyzing the main causes of death of Condottieres and Captains in the period 1300-1580, the treatment of wounds and the development of skills involved in the surgery of war, the more frequent Italian epidemic diseases in that time, the punishments and torture in force in the Republic of Venice, are described.Cet article expose les aspects les plus importants en matière de médecine et de chirurgie à l'époque des compagnies de mercenaires. En analysant les principales causes de décès des condottières et des capitaines entre 1300 et 1580, l’autrice décrit le traitement des blessures et le développement des techniques chirurgicales de guerre, les épidémies les plus fréquentes en Italie à cette époque-là, les peines et les tortures en vigueur sous la République Sérénissime de Venise.Questo articolo illustra i principali aspetti medici e chirurgici connessi all’epoca delle Compagnie di Ventura. Analizzando le principali cause di decesso dei Condottieri e dei Capitani nel periodo 1300-1580, vengono descritte la cura delle ferite e lo sviluppo delle tecniche applicate nella chirurgia da guerra, le epidemie più frequenti che colpirono l’Italia in tale epoca, le pene e la tortura in vigore nella Serenissima Repubblica di Venezia.

  11. 《富兰克林自传》中的处世之道探析%On Benjamin Franklin’s Life Experience Drawn from his Autobiography

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪春英; 李瑞林

    2015-01-01

    《富兰克林自传》讲述了本杰明·富兰克林成长和取得成功的经历,令人深受启发。加之平时通过观察和访谈得知在校大学生存在着诸多困惑,因此对《自传》及相关文献资料进行了仔细研读,从中概括出富兰克林两方面的处世策略,值得大学生学习和借鉴:一方面,出门在外时善于结交朋友,也善待朋友,于是获得朋友的支持而取得成功,书中有许多事例可以佐证;另一方面,当在家赋闲暇时坚持自学,广泛阅读,制订计划,完善个人的道德品质,《自传》中记载了具体的训练方法。研究表明,《自传》有利于大学生克服成长中的烦恼,树立正确的人生观,从而走向成功和成才之道。%Benjamin Franklin’s Autobiography elaborates on how Franklin grew and succeeded gradually, which is inspiring. Plus, leisurely chats with students and observation show that most college students are under bewilderment. Therefore, after researching into the Autobiography and its relevant articles, we may conclude two pieces of Franklin’s life experience which are worthwhile to imitate by college students: On the one hand, he makes friends easily with good intentions towards them, obtaining support from friends in the meantime, many friends’ names are mentioned in the Autobiography as examples. On the other hand, he enriches his knowledge by reading a lot and improves his principles by carrying out his self improvement plans, the detailed processes or methods are described clearly in the Autobiography. As it turns out, the Autobiography helps students to overcome worries, have correct life expectations, and make towards success.

  12. Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lundja, J. O.; Decrosta, J. T.; Lechuga, P.

    2009-05-01

    Government schools in Congo kinshasa are not providing quality education to the masses since many years, and this phenomenon has not escaped the eyes of experts, activists, and policy makers. However, there seems to be a general perception that the main, and sometimes even the sole, source of this problem are the low levels of government expenditure of education. And to prove their case supports of this view cite educational expenditure to GDP ratios in Congo kinshasa in comparison with that of some other nations. Though there may be reasonable arguments to increase the level of government expenditure on education, such hijacking of public debate to focus on - the level of expenditure - often overlooks more important issues. Contrary to common perception the level of per student expenditure on government schools in Delhi is reasonable, ranging from Fc.6000 to Fc.12000 p.a. There are a number of organisational deficiencies which do not create checks and balances for appropriate utilization of fund. Moreover, the division of these funds among social groups and for different purposes is also questionable. Though, female literacy lags significantly behind male literacy, about 15% points, extra resources provided for female education are insignificant. And in some schemes such as the one run for 'street children' and 'child labourers', large amounts are budgeted year after year without a single French congolese being spent. Also government schools catering to richer regions of Kinshasa seem to be spending more per child as compared to the poorer counterparts. The paper also proposes an education voucher model, which may have the potential to address some of the issues raised in the paper. Trends in expenditure under some schemes have been studied in relation to the purpose of expenditure. The issue of government expenditure on education is a complex one, and public space should be utilized to discuss them as they are, rather than reducing discussion to dogmatic wars

  13. 本雅明的“辩证形象”:在视觉文化的观照下%Walter Benjamin's"Dialectical Image"from the Perspective of Visual Culture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苏文健

    2014-01-01

    本雅明的“辩证形象”来源于其前期的“寓言”与“星座”等美学概念,具有视觉文化观照下的历史性与视觉性两个重要审美维度。本雅明在此基础上对现代性史前史进行了深入挖掘,并批判了现存的资本主义弊病。这种“视觉政治”推动了他对“救赎视觉学”的思考与建构。%Walter Benjamin's"dialectical image"originates from the aesthetic concepts of"fable"and"constellation"of his earlier years, which has two important aesthetic dimensions:historicalness and visuality from the perspective of visual culture. Walter Benjamin excavated the prehistory of modernity, and criticized the existing capitalist disadvantages on this basis. This visual politics promoted his relfections and construction of"redemption of visual learning".

  14. "Estetização da política e politização da arte": a estética do fascismo nas obras de Walter Benjamin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rui Bragado Sousa

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available O artigo examina a ascensão do fascismo na Alemanha a partir da estética de Walter Benjamin e propõe, ao final, um diálogo com Ernst Bloch. O método visa escapar de interpretações meramente econômicas que supostamente possibilitaram a chegada de Hitler ao poder. Procura-se um campo semântico mais vasto, dialético, como os conceitos utilizados por Benjamin como messianismo, alegoria e origem (ursprung. A “origem” é um protofenômeno no sentido teológico, quer seja ele o Paraíso ou o comunismo primitivo, uma idade edênica e igualitária na Terra. Literalmente são “saltos” para fora da continuidade histórica linear que rompem com o desenvolvimento meramente evolucionista da História. Com uma catástrofe iminente era necessário explodir o continuum da história.

  15. Avi Benjamin toob Saatana Tallinna / Avi Benjamin ; interv. Kadi Lehtmets

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Benjamin, Avi

    2004-01-01

    Eesti päritolu Iisraeli helilooja Avi Benjamini (Nedzvetski) muusikal "Saatan Moskvas" etendub Estonia kontsertsaalis. Projektist lähemalt. Lisaks sõnum "Tallinn-Moskva-Tel Aviv" helilooja töödest neis linnades

  16. Avi Benjamin toob Saatana Tallinna / Avi Benjamin ; interv. Kadi Lehtmets

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Benjamin, Avi

    2004-01-01

    Eesti päritolu Iisraeli helilooja Avi Benjamini (Nedzvetski) muusikal "Saatan Moskvas" etendub Estonia kontsertsaalis. Projektist lähemalt. Lisaks sõnum "Tallinn-Moskva-Tel Aviv" helilooja töödest neis linnades

  17. Saving Little Star / Benjamin Smith

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Smith, Benjamin

    2000-01-01

    Läti astronoom Juris Zagarsist, kes üritab päästa nõukogude vägedest mahajäänud vene teleskoopi - suurimat raadioteleskoopi Põhja-Euroopas, mis ehitati niivõrd võimsana, et võimaldas kuulda signaale teistest galaktikatest

  18. Saving Little Star / Benjamin Smith

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Smith, Benjamin

    2000-01-01

    Läti astronoom Juris Zagarsist, kes üritab päästa nõukogude vägedest mahajäänud vene teleskoopi - suurimat raadioteleskoopi Põhja-Euroopas, mis ehitati niivõrd võimsana, et võimaldas kuulda signaale teistest galaktikatest

  19. Alegoria redimida em Walter Benjamin

    OpenAIRE

    Anderson Borges

    2012-01-01

    Este estudo apresenta o decurso da alegoria na obra benjaminiana circunscrevendo a investigação a três momentos principais: o livro Origem do drama barroco alemão, em que a alegoria é resgatada do esquecimento e, considerando a significativa expressividade do luto (Trauer) e da melancolia na constituição do teatro barroco, ganha um lugar cativo no âmbito estético, bem como, além disso, funciona como representação da história na perspectiva de literatos do século XVII; Rua de mão única, em que...

  20. Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    2003-01-01

    Frank Sosa, Dept. of the Air Force Col Juan Urbano , Peruvian Army Dr. Francis A’Hearn, Faculty Prof. William Mayall, Faculty COL Mark McGuire...Germany House of Commons, Parliamentary Undersecretary State for Education, England Ministry of Science, Research, and Art , Stuttgart, Germany...markets. Fifty percent of the elementary market is composed of reading and language arts . Mathematics and a combination social sciences/science and

  1. Disenchantment of Images---Walter Benjamin on Visual Images%形象的祛魅--论本雅明的视觉思想

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周计武

    2016-01-01

    视觉文化转向使视觉形象日益成为文化研究中的核心问题。形象之所以具有魔力是因为它拥有光韵。光韵具有不可接近的神圣性、此时此地的本真性和凝神静观的视觉性。在本雅明的形象思考中,以波德莱尔、普鲁斯特、卡夫卡等为代表的先锋艺术是一种形象被“祛魅”了的艺术,即“后光韵”艺术。“形象的祛魅”有两个层面的内涵:一是形象的去神圣化,即打碎笼罩在形象周围的神圣光环,使其人性化、世俗化;二是形象的去审美化,即打破美的形式规范,使形象变形、扭曲、夸张,以碎片化的形式呈现“片段的、谜一样的视觉形象”。%The turning to visual culture has placed visual images into the core region of cultural studies. The enchantment of visual images is from aura,which is featured by impenetrability,sacredness,immediate-ness and authenticity.In Walter Benjamin’s thinking on visual images,the avant-garde art represented by such artists as Baudelaire,Proust and Kafka is the kind of art of disenchanted images,in other words,the art after the disappearance of aura.The disenchantment of images can be understood in two senses:firstly,it means the de-sacredation of art,that is to say,the shattering of the aura of sacredness and secularisation of the artefact;secondly,it means the de -aestheticization of art,that is to say,the breaking of the ideal of beauty and represent images in distorted and fragmented forms,bringing the“fragmented enigma of visual ima-ges”.In the post-aura era,by employing allegorical criticism,Benjamin attempted to link human liberation to nature’s recovery,combine secular inspiration with empirical salvation,so as to restore the connection between man and nature,brotherhood of people,and equality in the interpersonal communication.

  2. Techniques and Arts: about Benjamin's Thinking about the Technology in His Aesthetics%技术与文艺--本雅明美学思想中的技术观

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程惠哲

    2003-01-01

    @@ 时至今日,瓦尔特·本雅明(Walter Benjamin,1892--1940)仍是一个难以定论的复杂人物.在法兰克福学派中,他是一个特立独行者;在对技术与文艺关系的认识上,他是改变了传统观念的人物;在有生之年,他声名不达;而身后,他又是一个难以归类的人物,因为诸多学派都认为他的思想对自己具有开先河的意义.

  3. O conceito de estetização da política em Walter Benjamin : a mídia e o estado em tempos de barbárie

    OpenAIRE

    Vieira, Gabriel do Nascimento

    2009-01-01

    Este estudo situa suas reflexões com maior ênfase no segundo período da trajetória filosófica de Walter Benjamin, identificada por Rochlitz como uma fase em que seus escritos colocamse mais incisivamente a serviço do engajamento político. Procuramos destacar de sua teoria estética da arte o percurso de sua análise sobre a estetização da política e a politização da arte. A pretensão é não satisfazer apenas com os escambos que a estetização da política e da vida provocaram nos pa...

  4. On the Relation Between John Adams and Benjamin Franklin%试析美国革命时期约翰·亚当斯与本杰明·富兰克林的关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张勇

    2012-01-01

    在约翰·亚当斯第一次出使欧洲期间,他对本杰明·富兰克林是尊重的,两人之间一直保持着合作关系。造成二人关系恶化的直接原因是在亚当斯第二次出使欧洲期间富兰克林被动卷入亚当斯和维尔热纳伯爵之间的争论。亚当斯与富兰克林冲突的根本原因是二人在针对法国的外交策略上的分歧。此外,年龄和性格上的差异也是造成二人冲突的重要原因。作为外交官,尽管约翰·亚当斯也有其缺点,但是,基本上是成功的。可以说,约翰·亚当斯是美国革命时期非常出色的外交官之一。%During the first mission to Europe, John Adams had a lot of respect for Benjamin Franklin, they have maintained a cooperative relationship. The direct cause of the deterioration of the relationship between them is, during the second mission to Europe of John Adams, Benjamin Franklin passively involved in the debate between Adams and the Vergennes. Underlying causes of their conflict are the differences of the two for France Vs foreign policy. In addition, the differences in age and personality also contributed to the important reasons of their conflict. As a diplomat, John Adams has his shortcomings, however, largely successful. It can be said that John Adams is one of the very good diplomat during the American Revolution.

  5. La puesta en escena de la autenticidad. Andalucía, un siglo de fascinación, de Basilio Martín Patino, y el “materialismo histórico” en Walter Benjamin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cornago Bernal, Óscar

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available This article explores the theatrical estrategies that documentary genre develops to create an effect of reality. For this aim it will be analyzed the Basilio Martín Patino’s production for television Andalucía, a century of fascination, a serie of five documentaries filmed from 1992 to 1996 for the public channel Canal Sur Television. These films will be compared to previous work of Martin Patino and to other critics and directors’ points of view regarding documentary genre and simulation of objetivity in visual media. As methodology it will be discus the concept of “materialist history” in Walter Benjamin.

    Este artículo explora las estrategias teatrales desarrolladas por el género documental para crear un efecto de realidad. Con este objetivo se analizará la producción para televisión de Basilio Martín Patino Andalucía, un siglo de fascinación, una serie de cinco documentales filmados entre 1992 y 1996 para la cadena pública Canal Sur Televisión. Estas películas serán comparadas con trabajos anteriores de Martín Patino y con el punto de vista de críticos y directores en relación a las prácticas documentales y la creación de un efecto de objetividad en los medios audiovisuales. Como metodología se aplicará el concepto de “historia material” desarrollado por Walter Benjamin.

  6. Relação usuária-profissional de saúde: experiência de uma mulher homossexual em uma unidade de saúde de referência de Fortaleza Relación usuaria-profesional de salud: experiencia de una mujer homosexual en una unidad de salud de referencia de Fortaleza The health professional-user relationship: experience of a homosexual woman in a renowned Fortaleza health unit

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Alix Leite de Araújo

    2006-08-01

    salud, se optó por un estudio de caso mediante la descripción de la experiencia de atención de una mujer homosexual en una unidad de salud de referencia de Fortaleza-CE en el segundo semestre de 2004. Se desarrolló una entrevista abierta con la siguiente pregunta orientadora: Hábleme de su experiencia con la atención en la unidad de salud. Los datos fueron analizados utilizando dos categorías temáticas: a La atención recibida en la unidad y la comunicación con el profesional de salud. Se concluyó, fue posible iniciar una reflexión sobre la fragilidad de las relaciones interpersonales entre las mujeres homosexuales y los servicios de salud. A pesar de que estas tienen acceso al servicio a través del sector de ginecología, el desarrollo del proceso de comunicación es muy superficial, y deja de elucidar cuestiones importantes sobre el ejercicio de la sexualidad, perdiendo consecuentemente la oportunidad de desarrollar un trabajo educativo de prevención de las ETS e inclusive del VIH.The health professional-user relationship is essential for quality of care, especially in women's health services, where sexuality should be carefully approached due to its considerable relevance. The aim here is to describe the experience of a homosexual woman seen at a health center. An experience report was performed. Due to the fact that revelation of female homosexuality is not common practice in health services, a case study format was opted for based on description of the experience of treatment by a homosexual woman at a renowned healthcare center in Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil, during the second semester of 2004. An open interview was held with the following lead question: Tell me about your experience of service at the health center. The data were analyzed using two thematic categories: (a treatment received at the center and (b communication with the healthcare professional. As was concluded, it was possible to begin reflecting on the fragility of interpersonal

  7. Education

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2014-07-01

    The Education Program of IPEN aims to develop human resources through scientific training programs and to provide and disseminate scientific information in nuclear and correlated areas. IPEN is responsible for the graduate program in the nuclear area at University of Sao Paulo: the Nuclear Technology Program IPEN/USP. Since its creation, in 1976, the Program was evaluated with grade A by the Federal Government Evaluation (CAPES), the highest in this classification. In 2003 CAPES changed the evaluation criteria; since then, it has been considered a program of Excellence, with grade 6. Levels 6 and 7 are granted only to those programs having internationally recognized expertise. Level 6 was maintained in the last evaluation considering the period 2010-2012. Along its 37 years the Nuclear Technology Program awarded 2,217 titles: 1,511 masters and 706 doctoral degrees. The institution is also responsible for the Professional Master Degree - Lasers in Dentistry, in partnership with the School of Dentistry from University of Sao Paulo. IPEN has a Scientific Initiation Program for undergraduate students aiming to stimulate young people to enter the scientific research career. This program allows the student to have the opportunity to develop a specially assigned study under the guidance of a supervisor. CNEN and CNPq are the main funding agencies supporting this Program. The institute also offers, since 2000, undergraduate disciplines for students of University of Sao Paulo. A total of 33 disciplines have been approved by the University. In the period considered over 1,000 students attended the courses. There is also a Scholarship Program for graduate students, funded by CNPq, CAPES and IPEN. Scholarships funded by FAPESP and CNEN are also available on demand, according to the conditions set forth in the respective notices. Concerning scientific information support, there is available a central specialized library, which offers, beyond traditional collections and services

  8. Un episodio del pensamiento francés de la autonomía. Benjamin Constant y las idées très ingénieuses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Gelman Constantin

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available UN EPISODIO DEL PENSAMIENTO FRANCÉS DE LA AUTONOMÍA Benjamin Constant y las idées très ingénieuses   Francisco Gelman Constantin Facultad de Filosofía y Letras, Universidad de Buenos Aires     Abstract – This paper attempts a consideration of the significance of Benjamin Constant’s aesthetic thoughts within the context of the history of the concept of “aesthetic autonomy”. With that in mind it reevaluates his transformation of the German tradition, by way of its binding to the social theory corresponding to the cultural and historical analysis of early French Romanticism. Taking the coinage of the expression “art for art’s sake” as a starting point, this paper reconstructs the whole of Constant’s thought-system, as well as its exchanges with some of his contemporaries –namely Mme. de Staël and Henry Crabb Robinson– in the means of understanding the proper reach of the conceptual novelties brought in by him, as can be seen from the standing point of Begriffsgeschichte. The paper deals not only with his postulates referring specifically to a negative relationship towards the mercantile society, but also with the analogies he establishes between art, love, religion and morality, while it furthermore examines his theory of social autonomy. The reflexive setting together of this different elements, assembled from his political essays, his journals, the novel Adolphe and other writings, brings to the light a general form of a thought of the autonomous, which explains the manner in which Constant understands aesthetic autonomy in particular, by way of his collaboration and dissent with his European colleagues.   Keywords: autonomy; Constant; art for art’s sake; Begriffsgeschichte; religion     Resumen – Este trabajo se propone reconsiderar la importancia de las reflexiones estéticas de Benjamin Constant en el contexto de la historia del concepto de autonomía estética. Para ello reevalúa las transformaciones

  9. 从“狰狞”到“和谐”:本雅明“纯语言”的翻译观%FromMonstrositytoHarmony:Walter Benjamin's Translation Theory aboutPure Language

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨宁宁

    2015-01-01

    Walter Benjamin's The Task of the Translator (1921)presents apure languagetranslation theory.It seems monstrosity,because it banishes reader (recipient)and communication,even meaning.In fact,pure languagetheory is a harmony translation theory.In pure language the reconcili-ation and fulfillment realm witness the harmonious unity of the two bickering and contradictory concepts,the originalityandthe translation,the fidelityandfreedom.Benjamin's translation theory aboutpure languageis ideal in some degree,with strong messianic redemption spirit.We can be close infinitely to it but never reach it.%本雅明《译者的任务》一文提出了一种“纯语言”的翻译观,这种翻译观看似“狰狞”,因为它放逐了“读者”(接受者)与“交流”,甚至放逐了“意义”。理论上它是一种“和谐”的翻译观。在纯语言这一“和谐、圆满的领域”的观照之下,原作与译作、忠实与自由这两对以往总是争吵不休、相互对立的概念也和谐地统一起来。本雅明这种“纯语言”的翻译观在更多的层面上只是一种理想的翻译观,带有本雅明式的“弥赛亚”救世精神。我们可以无限地接近却永远无法到达。

  10. Literary Anthropological Interpretation and Poetics Value of Walter Benjamin' s Aura Theory%本雅明灵韵理论的文学人类学阐释及诗学价值

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    段祥贵

    2012-01-01

    Aura is the core concept of the German literary critic Walter Benjamin' s literary theory, which has the characteristics of uniqueness, distance, authenticity of experience, authority of objects and the mysterious permanence. Interpreted from a literary anthropological point of view, aura has such anthropological dimensions as mythological origin and literary ritual function, the aesthetic experience of the humanized nature and literary experi- ence of ecological aesthetic, as well as the oral literary tradition of storytelling and dialogic narrative. It is of great poetics value for Waiter Benjamin' s aura theory to highlight the artistic interrelations from modernity to postmodernity, has the important value of poetics, and provide a new interpretation for the change from the “disenchantment” of traditional literary and artistic works to the “reenchantment”in the digital era.%“灵韵”是德国文学批评家本雅明文艺理论的核心概念。它具有“独一无二性”、“距离”感、经验的“真确性”、对象的“权威性”,以及神秘的“永久性”等特性。从文学人类学的视野阐释这一概念,它具有神话信仰渊源与文学的仪式功能、自然人化的审美经验与生态审美的文学体验、讲故事的口传文学传统与对话性叙事等人类学维度。本雅明灵韵理论凸显了文艺从现代性到后现代性的关联性,能为传统文艺作品的“祛魅”走向数码时代文艺作品的“复魅”提供新的解释,具有重要的诗学价值。

  11. 关于阿多诺与本雅明复制艺术功能之争%Debate between Adorno and Benjamin on the Functions of Art of Reproduction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    褚当阳; 李香兰

    2011-01-01

    随着20世纪新兴科学技术尤其是机械复制技术不断渗入艺术领域,艺术的生产和接受都呈现出了新的形式和特征。对于这一转型所引起的艺术功能的变化,阿多诺从文化工业的意识形态理论出发,指出机械复制艺术完全为资本逻辑所控制,其功能也随之由原来的独立批判沦落为资本主义的欺骗与整合;本雅明则敏锐地捕捉了机械复制技术所蕴含的革命性与创造性,期望通过“艺术的政治化”来实现新型艺术的颠覆功能。阿多诺与本雅明的观点针锋相对,但理论宗旨和命运又可谓殊途同归。两人的理论交锋奠定了其后西方马克思主义文化研究的视域与平台,同时也揭示了马克思主义的革命和解放理论所面临的理论困境和现实挑战。%With the application of newly-emerged technology in 20'h century, esp. the skill of mechanical reproduction to art field, artistic production and acceptance began to show new forms and features. As the transformation has changed the function of art, Adorno pointed out that the art of mechanical reproduction has been completely controlled by capital logic and its original independent function of criticism reduced to capital deceiving and integration, while Benjamin seized keenly the feature of being "revolutionary and cre- ative" which the skill contains. He expected to realize the subversive function of the new art form through "art politicizing". Though they opposed strongly to each other, Adorno and Benjamin carried the same goal in theoretical exploration and faced same destiny at the end. Their debate laid foundation for the latter study of Marxist cultures in the West and discovered the theoretical difficulties and practical challenges that theory of Marxism about revolution and emancipation has to face.

  12. Attenuated Total Reflection Fourier Transform Infrared (ATR FT-IR) Spectroscopy as a Forensic Method to Determine the Composition of Inks Used to Print the United States One-cent Blue Benjamin Franklin Postage Stamps of the 19th Century.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brittain, Harry G

    2016-01-01

    Through the combined use of infrared (IR) absorption spectroscopy and attenuated total reflectance (ATR) sampling, the composition of inks used to print the many different types of one-cent Benjamin Franklin stamps of the 19th century has been established. This information permits a historical evaluation of the formulations used at various times, and also facilitates the differentiation of the various stamps from each other. In two instances, the ink composition permits the unambiguous identification of stamps whose appearance is identical, and which (until now) have only been differentiated through estimates of the degree of hardness or softness of the stamp paper, or through the presence or absence of a watermark in the paper. In these instances, the use of ATR Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) spectroscopy effectively renders irrelevant two 100-year-old practices of stamp identification. Furthermore, since the use of ATR sampling makes it possible to obtain the spectrum of a stamp still attached to its cover, it is no longer necessary to identify these blue Franklin stamps using their cancellation dates.

  13. 本雅明的翻译理论与朱熹对《离骚》的解读%Walter Benjamin's Translation Theory and Zhu Xi's Interpretation of "Li Sao"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马思清; 熊莺

    2013-01-01

    随着中国经济与文化地位的崛起,越来越多的美国年轻一代开始迫切地想要了解中国,中国文学的教学也越来越被重视起来.作为中国最伟大的爱国主义“代表诗人”的一部力作,《离骚》自然应被纳入教材之列,尤其是作为非华裔人士的翻译教材.本文以德国哲学家瓦尔特·本雅明(Walter Benjamin)的文学及历史理论作为方法论,侧重研究本雅明文本“重生”理论对《离骚》翻译的适用.朱熹版《离骚》注本充分结合了译者的历史语境,是该诗“来世”的重要组成部分,它不仅对当代《离骚》注释有着不可小觑的启示作用,更自成一家,成为《离骚》来世的典范之一.

  14. Juventud, memoria y derechos en tiempos de crisis. Una reflexión desde la crítica literaria de Walter Benjamin y la generación perdida de “Historias del Kronen”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Albert Noguera Fernández

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available A partir de la obra del crítico literario Walter Benjamin el presente artículo explica cómo la recuperación de la Memoria histórica y su conexión con el presente constituye un elemento indispensable para poder construir un proyecto político colectivo capaz de recuperar la democracia, los derechos y la justicia social hoy desmantelados con la muerte del Estado constitucional en Europa. Este objetivo implica poner sobre la mesa dos cuestiones complejas. La primera es la implicación en este proyecto de una generación de jóvenes desencantada que ha roto todos los lazos con los valores políticos y sociales de las generaciones anteriores y que construye sus referentes vitales y modelos a seguir a través del consumismo y sus imaginarios. Generación descrita muy sugerentemente por la novela, después película, Historias del Kronen. La segunda es la referida a los usos o tratamiento que hay que dar a la Memoria para convertirla en un instrumento útil para el fin planteado.

  15. Education in Radical Uncertainty: Baudrillard as Transgressions in Theory and Method

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Ulla Ambrosius

    2017-01-01

    The book aims to revisit the writing of a renowned French philosopher and social critic, Jean Baudrillard and relate his work to the field of education, especially comparative studies of youth and schooling in different parts of the work. He is most known for his ideas of semiotic society......’ experiences and enactments of these conditions. In the process, we disrupt many of the hitherto (negative and simplistic) applications of his concepts to illustrate the ways in which global flows (e.g. media, technologies, ideas, educational practices) are experienced not only differently but with various......, simulation and hyper-reality in which subjects become transformed by the breakdown of meaningful sign systems. In education, this has been understood via various imaginaries where students and teachers carry out educational functions that, whilst meaningful in themselves are disconnected from the stated aims...

  16. The Disillusionment of "American Dream" in The Curious Case of Benjamin Button%《返老还童》中“美国梦”的破灭

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋利娜

    2012-01-01

    "美国梦"的破灭是菲茨杰拉德创作的一贯主题。奇幻之作《返老还童》以一个传奇性的故事处理了一个关于生命的严肃思考:人生正如"美国梦"的幻灭,从憧憬,到获得,到最后失去。作者通过本杰明"返老还童"的一生告诉人们:一切表面的虚华都会消失,所有美好的事物终将走向灭亡,人们用尽平生追求的梦想只是幻影,返老还童也不能带来永恒的美好。%The disillusionment of "America Dream" is the consistent subject that Fitzgerald prefers to use.The Curious Case of Benjamin Button,a fantasy work,deals with a serious thinking about life by a legendary story: Life is like the disillusionment of "America dream"— from looking forward to something to obtaining something,and finally to losing something.By the life story of Benjamin's rejuvenation,the author tells us that all the superficial prosperity will disappear,and all the good things will eventually vanish.The dream that Human beings use all life to pursue is only a phantom.Even rejuvenation can not bring the eternal happiness.

  17. O teatro atualiza a história: mediações entre o materialismo histórico de Benjamin e a peça Auto dos bons tratos, da Cia do Latão

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandre Villibor Flory

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo, fundamentado no conceito do teatro épico e na relação entre literatura e processos de historicidade, tem por objetivo estudar a peça Auto dos bons tratos (2002, da Cia do Latão, grupo representativo de um contexto sócio-histórico específico de retomada do teatro épico no Brasil. A peça tematiza o processo de escravização dos índios, em 1546, pelo primeiro donatário da capitania de Porto Seguro que, marcado pela ética do trabalho capitalista, entra em uma disputa ideológica com a Igreja por ser contrário aos feriados de dia santo. Na prisão, tem uma visão a respeito da cordialidade, que indica a ele o modo ideal de se relacionar com os seus escravos e funcionários. Ao fazer menção a um fato histórico real relatado no processo movido pela Igreja Católica contra o donatário de terras, a peça revisita criticamente um acontecimento representativo da história oficial, em uma perspectiva que pode ser aproximada do materialismo histórico de Walter Benjamin. É, assim, reveladora de um momento histórico específico do processo de implantação do capitalismo em solo brasileiro e de suas consequências. Além disso, este tema é expresso formalmente por meio da apropriação crítica do auto, o que direciona também a um estudo das formas épicas.

  18. Las llamas de lo político que no se apagan. El progreso indefinido a la hoguera : Löwy, Michael (2012). Walter Benjamin: aviso de incendio. Una lectura de las tesis «Sobre el concepto de historia». Buenos Aires: Fondo de Cultura Económica, 188 páginas

    OpenAIRE

    Delle Donne, Sofía

    2016-01-01

    En el libro que aquí se reseña Michael Löwy propone interpretar lo postulado en Tesis sobre la historia y otros fragmentos, de Walter Benjamin entre 1939 y 1940. La metodología empleada consigue una real apertura de sentidos. Al utilizar comparaciones con otros textos, relaciones entre las mismas tesis, referencias a otras interpretaciones, ejemplos, contraargumentos y referencias bibliográficas, el autor logra que sus reflexiones se vuelvan una lectura indispensable para adentrarse en la fil...

  19. Les premières années de la diplomatie états-unienne : l’influence décisive de Benjamin Franklin à Paris (1776-1778

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christian Lerat

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Cet article s’appuie sur les recherches de ces dernières décennies pour faire le point sur ce que fut le rôle de Franklin en tant que père fondateur de la diplomatie américaine. Mettre l’accent sur la première partie de la mission de Franklin en France, se concluant par les traités de commerce et d’amitié et d’alliance politique avec la France (6 février 1778, permet de mieux mesurer comment Franklin sut d’emblée relever les défis auxquels il était confronté et aussi faire preuve de souplesse dans son positionnement par rapport aux attentes françaises. Son principal atout fut d’être doté de ce qui manquait tellement aux autres émissaires américains avec lesquels il ne tarda pas à se trouver en rivalité. Alliant charme personnel à un art inné de la communication et… de la manipulation, Franklin se verra aisément reconnu comme principal interlocuteur par une Cour dont il saura vaincre les réticences bien compréhensibles et obtenir qu’elle devienne l’alliée d’une jeune république, événement dont l’importance devait s’avérer décisive.This paper relies on scholarship produced over the last decades to take stock of the role of Benjamin Franklin as founding father of American diplomacy. Focusing on the first part of Franklin’s mission to France–which leads us to the signing of the treaties of amity and commerce and of political alliance with France (February 6, 1778, enables one to assess how Franklin soon succeeded in meeting the challenges he was confronted with and also in showing flexibility in his reactions to French expectations. His main asset certainly lay in his being able to capitalize on what the other American emissaries were so cruelly deprived of, to the point of becoming the latter’s rival. Blending personal charm with an inborn talent for communication and… manipulation, Franklin easily managed recognition as the main negotiating partner of a Court whose understandable

  20. Popular social movements as educators: theoretical and political contributions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Telmo Marcon

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to scrutinize the educational dimension of popular social movements and, from such a viewpoint, to identify their critical and emancipatory educational potentialities. The main issue is to understand how popular social movements are educational, not only to their militants, but also to social organizations, the State and society as a whole. In order to meet such challenges, references have been drawn on contributions by Boaventura de Sousa Santos so as to validate criticism to the hegemonic epistemology, particularly the monoculture of knowledge and linear time, contrasting it to the southern epistemology stressing the ecologies of knowledge and temporality. In order to provide validity to the perspective of temporalities, other contributions have been considered, such as those by Walter Benjamin and Edward Thompson. Finally, the experience of organization of landless farmers in the early 1980s in Encruzi- lhada Natalino, Ronda Alta/RS is analyzed. That encampment is crucial not only for its crucial contribution to the organization of the Landless Movement (MST, but also for the educational dimension of its militants, as well as leadership formation and the formulation of other assumptions, particularly when land and agricultural policies are concerned

  1. Policy of national physical education journals on review articles/systematic reviews. DOI: 10.5007/1980-0037.2011v13n4p313

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gustavo Ricardo Schutz

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available The large amount of scientific information that is produced and available in different areas, including physical education, requires the summary of contents. Different synthesis/review methods that lead to different answers are available. The objective of this study was to analyze the policy of national physical education journals on review articles, to quantify the reviews, and to classify them as systematic and narrative reviews based on established criteria. All journals (n=13 offer the possibility to publish review articles, but do not have specific standards/methods for this type of article. The production of review articles was high (n=429, with the publication of 371 (86% narrative reviews and 58 (14% systematic reviews. A priori, narrative reviews are used for the production of knowledge by internationally renowned scientific researchers. However, the volume of production of this type of review, as diverse as the issues in physical education are, does not seem to be proportional to the number of recognized researchers. This fact can lead to lower quality of the scientific production and rejection of these articles, as observed for journals in other areas. In view of the criteria and method employed, systematic reviews seem to be more valuable in situations in which no renowned researchers wants to produce review articles, avoiding a poor outcome. This type of review is characterized by more scientific rigor, whose production follows specific steps and standards, and also seems to be more appreciated by journal editors, with these reviews sometimes even being classified as original articles.

  2. 布鲁姆教学目标分类系统在临床护理教学中的应用%Application of Benjamin Bloom's taxonomy educational objectives system in clinical nursing teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹云凤; 曹晓燕

    2007-01-01

    @@ "人人都能学习"的布鲁姆目标教学法,打破了传统教育中常态分布的"神话",对学生的潜力深信不疑,深受广大教育者的欢迎,但在临床护理带教领域鲜有报道.笔者以美国教育学家布鲁姆(Bloom)的教学方法为指导,从认知、情感与技能方面进行临床带教,使护生具有积极的学习态度,充分发挥其主观能动性;同时培养了护生的创新能力,密切了临床带教老师与护生的关系.

  3. Eesti graafika edu Hispaanias / Benjamin Vasserman

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vasserman, Benjamin

    1999-01-01

    Hispaanias Orenses dets. 1998/jaan. 1999 peetud V rahvusvahelisel graafikabiennaalil "Julio Prieto Nespereira auhind" pälvisid žürii kiituse eesti graafikud R. Saks, V. Tolli, B. Vasserman. I preemia ئ T. Uchida. Näitusel osales S. Liiva. 1998. a. sügisel Jaapanis toimunud II Tokio rahvusvahelisest väikegraafika triennaalist võttis osa N. Neidre.

  4. 1936-IJBCS-Article-Benjamin Ebeshi

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    hp

    assayed by Potentiometric and UV spectrophotometric methods after a Thin Layer ... procurement and distribution, low literacy ... facilities for effective quality control analysis ... sample application and UV absorptions developed for ... solution. 500 mg of standard cimetidine was weighed and transferred into a beaker were it.

  5. Theodorus van Es and Benjamin Staskun, S

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Prof Jo Michael

    cyclopropylamine) under the aforementioned relatively mild4 reaction conditions. (ii) The ..... Evaporation of the organic extract gave a residue which was washed with warm .... in a stainless steel bomb containing the amine. M.P. Wentland ...

  6. Franklin Benjamin Sanborn: Human Services Innovator

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chaiklin, Harris

    2005-01-01

    In social welfare history, F. B. Sanborn is only vaguely remembered. Yet he initiated landmark programs in public welfare and institutions for the mentally ill, retarded, deaf, and criminal. He played a major role in creating and sustaining the National Conference of Charities and Corrections. His program innovations were so far ahead of his time…

  7. Eesti graafika edu Hispaanias / Benjamin Vasserman

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vasserman, Benjamin

    1999-01-01

    Hispaanias Orenses dets. 1998/jaan. 1999 peetud V rahvusvahelisel graafikabiennaalil "Julio Prieto Nespereira auhind" pälvisid žürii kiituse eesti graafikud R. Saks, V. Tolli, B. Vasserman. I preemia ئ T. Uchida. Näitusel osales S. Liiva. 1998. a. sügisel Jaapanis toimunud II Tokio rahvusvahelisest väikegraafika triennaalist võttis osa N. Neidre.

  8. 77 FR 47844 - Renown Health; Analysis of Agreement Containing Consent Orders To Aid Public Comment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-10

    ... foreign country equivalent, passport number, financial account number, or credit or debit card number. You... include any `` rade secret or any commercial or financial information which is obtained from any person... electrophysiology services (e.g., services related to the diagnosis and treatment of heart rhythm conditions)....

  9. Emotional intelligence: new ability or renowned traits? An investigation of the convergent, discriminant and incremental validity

    OpenAIRE

    Wan Husin, Wan Nurul Izza

    2017-01-01

    Despite the recent popularity of the concept of emotional intelligence, several researchers question current emotional intelligence tests on several grounds including their lack of construct validity and unstable factor structure. This thesis aims to investigate the construct validity of emotional intelligence. In particular, the present study seeks to (1) confirm the factorial validity of emotional intelligence, (2) examine the convergent validity between a performance-based test and self-re...

  10. Laqve (wry mouth) considered in Avicenna's renowned treatise the Canon of Medicine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aciduman, A; Arda, B; Gunaydin, A; Belen, D

    2008-06-01

    Hemi-facial spasm, facial paralysis, and trigeminal neuralgia are prevailing signs and symptoms with which physicians have been coping for thousands of years. Ibn Sina (known as Avicenna in the West), who was among the leading figures during medieval ages and influenced the upcoming periods in the Eastern and Western hemispheres for long time, focused also on these crucial problems. In his principal medical work, the Canon of Medicine, Avicenna underlined the significance of wry mouth-related disorders and wrote a precise chapter over this topic with the heading "Laqve." However, the term "laqve" is usually accepted only as facial paralysis in most of historical texts. Further detailed analysis of the text reveals that, all the above-mentioned signs and symptoms are considered under the same heading. Therefore, the descriptions articulated by famous physician Avicenna pose great merit from the point of historical view of neurological sciences. The main aim of this article is to reintroduce essential parts of the text by adding comments over specific descriptions, and consequently, to make the text more comprehensible for today's scientists.

  11. Doctor Alfredo Méndez Aguirre. Renowned doctor of Cienfuegos medical history in the twentieth century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reinaldo José Pino Blanco

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Doctor Alfredo Méndez Aguirre was an outstanding medical and social personality in Cienfuegos during the first third of the xx century. The most significant aspects about his life and studies of Medicine are highlighted, as well as the postgraduate courses that he received later in France. Analyzed through different scenarios where he acted as an eminent surgeon, we refer to his contribution to the spreading of abdominal, prostatic and gynecological surgery in Cienfuegos, besides other innovations of high importance for the Cuban Medicine at that time. It is described his brilliant performance as director of the Hospital Civil and the Sanatorio Purísima Concepción de la Colonia Española, enhancing all the transformations, improvements, amplifications and openings of new services carried out in both centers under his guidance and supervision. all the recognitions received for different institutions and people in general were mentioned too, for his fruitful work and, particularly, for their performance during the epidemic of Influenza of 1918, that deserved him the title of exemplary citizen.

  12. Education, education, education

    CERN Multimedia

    2014-01-01

    Education is a recurring theme of our 60th anniversary year, as I was reminded last week when we had a visit from the winners of the Spanish schools competition launched with the Prince of Asturias Award prize money (see here).   Young people are always remarkable in their curiosity and inventiveness, and this was very clear in all the submissions for the competition. I was most impressed with the six winners, but have to give a special mention to the youngest, Sofía Isabella Villamizar Villegas, who at just seven years of age made a lovely video explaining the Higgs mechanism by analogy to moving a balloon with and without static charge through a field of suspended strips of paper. It was not only charming, but also very effective as analogies go. The Spanish visit came in the middle of judging to find a winner of the Beamline for Schools competition, which closed at the end of March having received almost 300 proposals for experiments from schools all over the world. These vary ...

  13. Historical perspectives of bilingual education in the United States

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mª Isabel GARCÍA GARRIDO

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 21 false false false ES X-NONE X-NONE /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Tabla normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";} This article presents a revision of the evolution of bilingual education in the United States, focusing on the main movements that have been against and in favor of bilingualism. Respect for cultural and linguistic diversity started being jeopardized in 1750 when Benjamin Franklin tried to impose English as the official language of the United States. The strongest opposition to bilingualism took place in 1983 with a movement called U.S. English. Another movement, the so called English First, appeared in 1986 with the same objectives as U.S. English. However, bilingualism has also had its proposers, such as English Plus. The future of bilingualism has also been legally protected by three acts: (1 the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA, (2 The Bilingual Education Act of 1968, and (3 the No Child Left Behind Act.

  14. Environmental education in its infancy at Lake Alaotra, Madagascar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lena M. Reibelt

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Madagascar is renowned for its unique biodiversity but also for the continuous degradation of its natural environment and its high poverty rate. In order to achieve sustainable development, environmental education has been assigned a key role. In the lake Alaotra region, Madagascar’s most important rice and inland fish production area, primary schools are the sole formal education for the majority of the population. In order to gain an overview on the education of ‘tomorrow’s’ resource users, this study assessed the general state of the school system and of environmental education in particular. The focus was on understanding local definitions of environmental education, its application and local perceptions of environmental problems. Over 50 in - depth interviews were conducted using the Funnel approach with teachers from 18 public primary schools. The interviews were supplemented with focus groups and a participatory problem analysis workshop. Teachers in the Alaotra region provided a different definition of environmental education than the United Nations. Their focus is on social aspects rather than the actual problems of the natural environment, which represents a different point of view than non - governmental organizations (NGOs from abroad, who are the main promoters of environmental education in the area. This indicates that education for sustainable development might be more suitable in the region than the currently promoted environmental education. When developing educational programs, it is important to include the teachers in the development processes to ensure inclusion of local views and needs. This will increase the probability that such programs are locally meaningful and useful.

  15. Creativity Training for Future Engineers: Preliminary Results from an Educative Experience

    CERN Document Server

    Morin, Sophie; Gabora, Liane

    2016-01-01

    Due in part to the increased pace of cultural and environmental change, as well as increased competition due to globalization, innovation is become one of the primary concerns of the 21st century. We present an academic course designed to develop cognitive abilities related to creativity within an engineering education context, based on a conceptual framework rooted in cognitive sciences. The course was held at \\'Ecole Polytechnique de Montr\\'eal (\\'EPM), a world renowned engineering school and a pillar in Canada's engineering community. The course was offered twice in the 2014-2015 academic year and more than 30 students from the graduate and undergraduate programs participated. The course incorporated ten pedagogical strategies, including serious games, an observation book, individual and group projects, etc., that were expected to facilitate the development of cognitive abilities related to creativity such as encoding, and associative analytical thinking. The CEDA (Creative Engineering Design Assessment) t...

  16. Kafka, Benjamin: o natural e o sobrenatural Kafka, Benjamin: natural and supernatural

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sônia Campaner Miguel Ferrari

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Pretende-se explorar alguns aspectos da obra de Franz Kafka que vinculam as experiências do escritor às experiências do homem das grandes cidades modernas, e, por outro lado, colocam essas mesmas experiências "sob violenta tensão em relação às místicas". Alguns elementos da obra de Kafka, como a impessoalidade, o anonimato, os inúmeros corredores ou repartições sufocantes, representam um diagnóstico, tido muitas vezes como sombrio, mas essencialmente crítico da modernidade. A partir da parábola Diante da Lei , inserida no romance O Processo e contada ao protagonista como uma forma de ligar sua experiência à tradição, procurar-se-á discutir tanto o papel da crítica à modernidade como o papel desempenhado pela tradição ( a teologia judaica, além das noções de culpa e lei, natural e sobrenatural.We intend to explore certain aspects of Kafka’s work which connect his experiences with the experiences of the man which lives in big modern cities, and that, on the other hand, put these experiences in "violent tension with the mistic ones". Some elements of Kafka’s work such as impersonality, anonymity, the many suffocating corridors and offices represent a diagnosis considered somber, but critical of modernity. We will discuss the role of the critic of modernity and the role of tradition, as well as the notions of guilt, and law, natural and supernatural from the parable Before the law, which is told to Joseph K in The Trial as a way to connect his experience to the tradition.

  17. Benchmarking the Higher Education Institutions in Egypt using Composite Index Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohamed Rashad M El-Hefnawy

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Egypt has the largest and most significant higher education system in the Middle East and North Africa but it had been continuously facing serious and accumulated challenges. The Higher Education Institutions in Egypt are undergoing important changes involving the development of performance, they are implementing strategies to enhance the overall performance of their universities using ICT, but still the gap between what is existing and what is supposed to be for the self-regulation and improvement processes is not entirely clear to face these challenges. The using of strategic comparative analysis model and tools to evaluate the current and future states will affect the overall performance of universities and shape new paradigms in development of Higher Education System (HES, several studies have investigated the evaluation of universities through the development and use of ranking and benchmark systems In this paper, we provide a model to construct unified Composite Index (CI based on a set of SMART indictors emulate the nature of higher education systems in Egypt. The outcomes of the proposed model aim to measure overall performance of universities and provide unified benchmarking method in this context. The model was discussed from theoretical and technical perspectives. Meanwhile, the research study was conducted with 40 professors from 19 renowned universities in Egypt as education domain experts.

  18. Appreciative Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bloom, Jennifer L.; Hutson, Bryant L.; He, Ye; Konkle, Erin

    2013-01-01

    Appreciative education is presented as a framework for leading higher education institutions, delivering truly student-centered services, and guiding higher education professionals' interactions with students.

  19. Appreciative Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bloom, Jennifer L.; Hutson, Bryant L.; He, Ye; Konkle, Erin

    2013-01-01

    Appreciative education is presented as a framework for leading higher education institutions, delivering truly student-centered services, and guiding higher education professionals' interactions with students.

  20. Metodologias de pesquisa no ensino de ciências na América Latina: como pesquisamos na década de 2000 Research methods in Science Education in Latin America: how we researched in the 2000s

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Flávia Maria Teixeira dos Santos

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Neste trabalho apresentamos os resultados de uma pesquisa sobre as metodologias e instrumentos de pesquisa usados nos artigos publicados nas principais revistas da área de ensino de ciências da América Latina no período 2000-2009. A partir destes dados, discutimos diferentes aspectos que podem ser úteis para melhorar a qualidade da pesquisa na área.In this article we present the results of a research about the research methods used in science education in Latin America during 2000-2009, as shown by the articles published in renowned Latin-American journals. We also discuss different aspects that may be useful for improving the quality of the research in science education.

  1. Educational Malpractice: Educate or Litigate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foster, William F.

    1986-01-01

    It is suggested that educators be held accountable to their students for the quality and adequacy of the educational services they provide. Extension of liability to education can have a positive impact on the educational process. (Author/LMO)

  2. Vivien Thomas (1910-1985): the backstage pioneer and educator.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ng, Chin Ting Justin

    2014-06-01

    Vivien Thomas (1910-1985) was an African-American scientist, pioneer, and renowned educator. Thomas's contributions to cardiovascular surgery were unequivocal, and yet it was only after his death that he gained more widespread recognition. Thomas's more notable work involves aiding in the discovery of the cause of traumatic shock, designing and guiding the first operation to treat Tetralogy of Fallot, carrying out the first atrial septectomy, and helping develop the electrical defibrillator. Thomas struggled amidst the adversities of racism and the Great Depression (1929-1941), armed merely with a high school degree. Nevertheless, his genius and determination eventually led him to receive an honorary doctorate from John Hopkins University. His story inspired the creation of the award winning PBS documentary in 2003 Partners of the Heart and also the 2004 Emmy Award-winning HBO film Something the Lord Made. This article will aim to provide an overview to the more notable events in Thomas's amazing tale, with a particular focus on his work on the Tetralogy of Fallot.

  3. 作为思想与实践的翻译:一条经由本雅明与阿朗·科拉卡尔的迂回路线%Translation as Idea and Practice: A Detour via Walter Benjamin and Arun Kolatkar

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    拉吉夫·帕特吉

    2014-01-01

    本文借助20世纪早期德国作家瓦尔特·本杰明在数篇文章中形成的观点,对翻译研究领域进行了梳理,认为翻译不应该仅仅被视为是从源语言到目标语的意义传递.本杰明引用通天塔倒塌的犹太-基督寓言,提出了第三原初语言的概念,这是一种能够成为诗歌翻译过程中所有的意义指涉物的理想语言,目标语和源语言的两个诗歌版本都可指向这种原初语言.这不是一种迎合于大众、或者强求大众认可的翻译观点,而是一个值得探讨的方向.本文对比了由印度马拉地语译为英语的两个诗歌版本(其中一个版本是由诗歌马拉地语的创作者翻译).通过分析,本文对两个版本诗歌的高低做出了评价,由此认为,领悟源语言精神的翻译方式优于小心谨慎的文学翻译方式.%The paper surveys the field of translation studies from the perspective developed in several essays from the early twentieth century by the German author Walter Benjamin to propose the argument that translation might be viewed not simply as the transference of meaning and significance from a source to a target language.Benjamin,invoking the Judaic-Christian fables of the Fall and the Tower of Babel,proposed the idea of a third ur-language,which captures the idea of an ideal language which might be the virtual referent in every act of poetic translation,such that both target and source versions of a poem might be said to refer to this ur-language.This is not a view of translation that is likely to appeal or persuade everyone; however it is interesting enough to be put to a test.The paper does that by comparing two translations into English of a poem in the Indian language Marathi,one of which is by the poet of the Marathi original.My analysis of the two translations leads to an assessment of one as better than the other,,for reasons which subsidize the conclusion that capturing the spirit of an original might sometimes prove more

  4. Creating a Three-Parent Child: An Educational Paradigm for the Responsible Conduct of Research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ruth L. Fischbach

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The field of assisted reproduction is renowned for its remarkable advances and constant pushing forward of research boundaries in an effort to offer innovative and effective methods for enhancing fertility. Accompanying these advances, however, are physiological, psychological, and bioethical consequences that must be considered. These concomitant advances and consequences make assisted reproduction an excellent educational paradigm for inculcating responsible conduct in both research and clinical practice. Ultimately, responsible conduct rests on the ethical researcher and clinician. Here, we present the as-yet unapproved, contentious assisted reproductive technology of mitochondrial replacement transfer (MRT as an ideal educational platform to foster the responsible conduct of research by advancing dialogue among multidisciplinary scholars, researchers, and students. Using a likely future case, we present the basic science, legal, and ethical considerations, and the pedagogical principles and strategies for using MRT as an effective educational paradigm. Society will benefit when the ethical issues inherent in creating children with three genetic parents as well as germline interference are discussed across multiple academic levels that include researchers, legal experts, bioethicists, and government-appointed commissions. Furthermore, undergraduate and graduate students should be included because they will likely determine the ethical fates of these biotechnologies. While emerging assisted reproduction technologies such as MRT are highly complex and will take years to be readily available for patients in need, now is the time to consider their scientific, legal, ethical, and cultural/religious implications for ensuring the responsible conduct of research.

  5. 文本之寓与身份之喻--多重语境下的富兰克林身份神话管窥%Textual Allegory and Identity Metaphor:The Identity Myth of Benjamin Franklin in Multi-textual Context

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘江; 许德金

    2015-01-01

    Benjamin Franklin knows clearly the significance of identity,and his autobiography is a textual allegory about identity,which reveals a metaphor of identity pursuit and construction. However,the construc-tion of Franklin’s ideal identity goes far beyond his autobiography,but is embedded in the historical and multi-textual context of his epitaph,wills and autobiography,among which Franklin has converged his profes-sional identity as a printer,artistic identity as a poetic writer and cultural identity as a metaphorical national father into an inseparable integration,thus presenting before the world a myth of“trinitarian”identity. In this way,Franklin managed subliming his personal identity pursuit in profession and art into the whole nation’s collective recognition on the cultural level.%富兰克林洞悉身份之要义,其自传更是一部有关身份的文本寓言,满含有关身份追求与建构的隐喻。然而,富兰克林理想身份的定义远远超越了单一的自传文本,而是在其墓志铭、遗嘱、自传等多重文本和历史语境中,书写了一个“三位一体”式的身份神话,即将自己作为印刷人的职业身份、作为诗意作家的艺术身份、作为隐喻国父的文化身份融为一体,从而将个人在职业和艺术层面的身份诉求升华为国家和民族在文化层面的集体认同。

  6. "Brown v Board of Education": A Restoration of Equity in Public Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Willie, Charles

    2004-01-01

    In this article, the benefits of diversified learning environments like schools, colleges, and universities are emphasized. This analysis embraces the theory of complementarity implied in Benjamin E. May's observation that no one is wise enough, rich enough or strong enough "to go it alone". Diversified schools are essential in restoring equity to…

  7. Encouraging creativity in art education

    OpenAIRE

    Tavčar, Mirjam

    2011-01-01

    Graduate work in the theoretical part describes in detail various aspects of creativity. I applied philosophical view of Claude Levi-Strauss, renowned designer Bruno Munari, pedagogical Barica Marentič Požarnik, psychological Edward De Bono, all the way to the art teacher Bogomil Karlavaris, who defined some distinctive factors of creativity: originality, flexibility, fluency or sensitivity, elaboration and redefinition. Based on the two activities from the field of flat and spatial design, w...

  8. Explore Brand Power, Express Fashion Charm! the 7th Shanghai Mode Lingerie gathering Chinese-foreign renowned brands%Explore Brand Power, Express Fashion Charm! the 7th Shanghai Mode Lingerie gathering Chinese-foreign renowned brands

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    The 7th Shanghai Mode Lingerie will be held by Eurovet on October 18-19, 2011 at the Shanghai Exhibition Center. With a sparkling new look and design, the exclusive event first time launches '1 EVENT 2 TRADE SHOW' and reveals its ambitious new strategy in 2011. Interfiliere Shanghai focuses to spread the "lnterfiliere" brand worldwide, Shanghai Mode Lingerie devotes to set up or develop local distribution networks for international and domestic brands.

  9. Development Education and Disarmament Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burns, Robin

    1981-01-01

    Discusses development education as an educational process aimed at preparing people for participation in change and examines the implications for disarmament education. Development education is interpreted to include adult literacy education as well as a system of spreading basic concepts and encouraging and developing local initiatives. (DB)

  10. Foot deformities in Renaissance paintings. A mystery of symbolism, artistic licence, illusion and true representation in five renowned Renaissance painters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lazzeri, D; Castello, M F; Grassetti, L; Dashti, T; Zhang, Y X; Persichetti, P

    2015-01-01

    Although Renaissance artists were skilled in representing normal anatomy, a close look at some paintings reveals anatomical variations in the depiction of the feet of human figures. A systematic review has identified 25 paintings by five artists in which the presumptive medico-artistic diagnosis of congenital or acquired foot deformity seems to be varyingly present. The connection between these five painters and what factors have influenced artists' style in the depiction of such deformities is discussed. The possible iconography and medical-historical meaning of such variations, as well as the possibility of artistic licence and real representation that drove the painters to depict these deformities, is explored and debated.

  11. Cognitive equal opportunities: How the mere presentation of renowned female and male leaders affects our implicit thinking on leadership

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    N. van Quaquebeke (Niels); A. Schmerling (Anja)

    2010-01-01

    textabstractWhen climbing the corporate ladder, women still have to overcome many obstacles. In trying to explain some of these obstacles, research points towards studies on Implicit Leadership Theories (ILTs). These suggest that the concepts of "woman" and "leadership"\\ are cognitively less associa

  12. Revealing the elusive sex pheromone of the renowned cactus moth, Cactoblastis cactorum (Lepidoptera:Pyralidae): A tribute to Robert Heath

    Science.gov (United States)

    The South American cactus moth, Cactoblastis cactorum (Berg.) (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae), became famous as a biocontrol agent during campaigns in Australia and South Africa to control exotic weedy Opuntia spp. During these campaigns, monitoring the impact and success of the cactus moth did not requir...

  13. The Strossmayer Gallery in Zagreb in the interwar period: from a utopian project to a renowned institution

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ljerka Dulibic

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The basis of today’s Strossmayer Gallery’s collection is the bequest of European Old Masters’ paintings collected by Bishop J. J. Strossmayer (1815-1905, with the fundamental desire to enlarge the scope of the Croatian cultural tradition through the appropriation of European elite culture. The meaning and function of the Gallery changed considerably over time. Before WWI, the Strossmayer Gallery was a utopian project in the sense that its mission was not only to fabricate what was seen to be a missing artistic past, but also to create the foundations for a future, native art. After WWI, with the formation of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, the national state was, at least in some form, realized, and the Gallery now turned its attention to concrete matters. In this paper, we follow the paths of intensive professionalization of the wide range of activities in the interwar period, retracing not only the history of museum presentation, or the history of Art History and of Art Conservation in Croatia, but also some traces of the general development of the dynamic, intertwined and significant relationship between Art History, Art Conservation and the museum. Il nucleo dell’odierna collezione della Galleria Strossmayer è costituito dal lascito delle opere dei maestri antichi europei raccolti dal vescovo J.J. Strossmayer (1815-1905, il cui scopo fondamentale fu di allargare la tradizione culturale croata con l’appropriazione della cultura elitaria europea. Con il passare del tempo, il signifi cato e la funzione della Galleria cambiò considerevolmente. Prima della Prima guerra mondiale la Galleria Strossmayer fu un progetto utopistico nel senso che la sua missione non era solo di riempire il vuoto visto come il passato artistico mancante, ma anche di creare le fondamenta per una futura arte locale. Dopo la guerra, con la formazione del Regno dei Serbi, Croati e Sloveni, lo stato nazionale fu, almeno in un certo senso, realizzato, e i responsabili della Galleria si concentrarono sui compiti concreti. Il presente articolo delinea un processo, svoltosi tra le due guerre, che si può defi nire di intensa professionalizzazione, ritracciando non solo la storia degli allestimenti museali, o la storia della storia d’arte in Croazia, ma anche alcune tracce dei percorsi di sviluppo delle relazioni tra la storia dell’arte, la conservazione dei beni culturali e il museo.

  14. ZHANG Min-zhou (张敏州)——A Renowned Cardiologist of Integrative Medicine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Tao Bo

    2011-01-01

    Professor ZHANGMin-zhou(张敏州),chief physician,doctoral adviser,the successor to the nationally well-known old professor of Chinese Medicine DEND Tie-tao's academic thinking,vicepresident of the Special Committee of Cardiovascular Disease affiliated with the World Federation of Chinese Medicine Societies,vice chairman of the Cardiovascular Disease Committee attached to the Chinese Association of Integrative Medicine,vice chairman of the Emergency Branch of the China Association of Chinese Medicine,a member of the Standing Committee of the Integrative Medicine Doctors Association,Cardiovascular Diseases Association and the Professional Committee of Evidence-Based Medicine attached to the Chinese Medical Doctors Association,respectively;executive director of the Guangdong Province Association of Integrative Medicine,chairman of Critical Care Medicine,director of the Guangdong Province Medical Doctor Association,chairman of the Integrative Medicine Branch,one of the evaluation experts of the National Natural Science Foundation of China,a member of the editorial board of the Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine,the Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine in Intensive and Critical Care,the Journal of Emergency in Traditional Chinese Medicine and the Journal of Cardiovascular and Pulmonary Diseases,vice editor-in-Chief of the Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine on Cardio-/Cerebrovascular Disease.

  15. Educating mathematics teacher educators

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Højgaard, Tomas; Jankvist, Uffe Thomas

    2014-01-01

    The paper argues for a three-dimensional course design structure for future mathematics teacher educators. More precisely we describe the design and implementation of a course basing itself on: the two mathematical competencies of modelling and problem tackling, this being the first dimension...

  16. Civic Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poliakoff, Anne Rogers, Ed.

    2003-01-01

    Civic education, not so long ago, was regarded as a core purpose of grade school preparation for adulthood, a mandate to educate young people about U.S. history, freedom and values, and citizenship's responsibilities. The landmark 1999 Civic Education Study, conducted by the International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement,…

  17. On Education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘英

    2010-01-01

    @@ In England, many children go to nursery school from the age of about three, but these schools are not compulsory. Compulsory education begins at the age of five, when children go to primary school. Primary education takes six years, then pupils go to secondary education. After six years of secondary education, pupils take the General Certificate of Secondary Education (GCSE) examination. Most pupils take about eight subjects in this exam.

  18. Benjamin Graham's Main Point of View of Difference between Investment and Speculation--On the Relevant Errors in Our Securities Investment Analysis Textbook%本杰明·格雷厄姆关于投资与投机区别的基本观点--兼论我国证券投资分析教材中的错误

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张振乾

    2013-01-01

      正确认识投资与投机的区别具有重大的理论与现实意义。本杰明·格雷厄姆的证券分析理论对于投资与投机的区分进行了重点阐述,具有特别重要的价值。其基本观点有:投资可以得到安全边际的保护,而投机得不到这种保护;投资的策略是证券估值,投机的策略是市场预测;投资运用基本分析法,投机运用市场分析法。通过比较发现,我国证券投资分析教材存在以下错误:没有抓住投资与投机在“安全性”这一本质属性上的差异;把投资策略与投机策略混为一谈;把基本分析法与市场分析法都当成投资分析方法。这些错误给人们带来较大的思想混乱,应该予以改正。%Correct understanding of the difference between investment and speculation is of great theoretical and practical significance. With important value, Benjamin graham's securities analysis theory focuses mainly on the difference between in-vestment and speculation. Here are his main related point of view: Investment is under protection of margin of safety,but speculation not; Investment strategy is securities valuation, speculative strategy is market forecast; Investor use basic analysis, and speculator use market analysis. By comparison, some relevant errors in our securities investment analysis textbook were found: Do not grasp the essential differences between investment and speculation; Confusing investment strategy with specula-tive strategy; Counting both basic analysis and market analysis as investment analysis method. These errors have caused a lot of ideological confusion.

  19. Experiential Education: Democratizing Educational Philosophies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Minnich, Elizabeth Kamarck

    1999-01-01

    Looks at some of the philosophical positions, especially Pragmatism, that ground and inform the traditions of experiential education, examining hierarchical philosophy and experiential education, egalitarian pragmatism and experiential education (using Jane Addams as an example), and Dewey's theory of education as expressed in "Democracy and…

  20. Experiential Education: Democratizing Educational Philosophies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Minnich, Elizabeth Kamarck

    1999-01-01

    Looks at some of the philosophical positions, especially Pragmatism, that ground and inform the traditions of experiential education, examining hierarchical philosophy and experiential education, egalitarian pragmatism and experiential education (using Jane Addams as an example), and Dewey's theory of education as expressed in "Democracy and…

  1. Educating the Reflective Educator

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hjorth, Mikkel; Smith, Rachel Charlotte; Iversen, Ole Sejer

    2016-01-01

    Design thinking and digital technologies are increasingly introduced in education to develop children’s design literacy. This shift demands a change in teachers’ mindsets, capabilities and approaches to design and technology as well as new teaching practices. This paper reports on a research-base...... to investigate K-12 teachers' development of core competencies for bringing design and digital fabrication to diverse students. In addition, the study shows how the framework can facilitate and support co-development of new teaching practices....

  2. Educating mathematics teacher educators

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Højgaard, Tomas; Jankvist, Uffe Thomas

    2014-01-01

    The paper argues for a three-dimensional course design structure for future mathematics teacher educators. More precisely we describe the design and implementation of a course basing itself on: the two mathematical competencies of modelling and problem tackling, this being the first dimension......; the two mathematical topics of differential equations and stochastics, this being the second dimension; and finally a third dimension the purpose of which is to deepen the two others by means of a didactical perspective....

  3. Passive education

    OpenAIRE

    Bojesen, Emile

    2016-01-01

    This paper does not present an advocacy of a passive education as opposed to an active education nor does it propose that passive education is in any way ‘better’ or more important than active education. Through readings of Maurice Blanchot, Jacques Derrida and B.S. Johnson, and gentle critiques of Jacques Rancière and John Dewey, passive education is instead described and outlined as an education which occurs whether we attempt it or not. As such, the object of critique for this essay are fo...

  4. Multicultural Education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Ulla Ambrosius

    2015-01-01

    This paper is about ethnic minority education and builds on theories, principles and practices of multicultural education – a term we apply to summarize some of the more essential contributions in the field. First, we introduce to the background of multicultural education and the implications...... such term has for the understanding of the relation between the ‘majority’ and ‘minority’ groups. Second, key-concepts that surround and relate to multicultural education are defined, culture, ethnic minority, religion, language, diversity, integration, assimilation, inclusion- exclusion. Third, we identify...... the aims and objectives of multicultural education while the fourth section in as introduction to six essential dimensions of multicultural education. The fifth section includes examples of multicultural education and/or bilingual education from different countries in different parts of the world; Canada...

  5. Multicultural Education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Ulla Ambrosius

    2015-01-01

    This paper is about ethnic minority education and builds on theories, principles and practices of multicultural education – a term we apply to summarize some of the more essential contributions in the field. First, we introduce to the background of multicultural education and the implications...... such term has for the understanding of the relation between the ‘majority’ and ‘minority’ groups. Second, key-concepts that surround and relate to multicultural education are defined, culture, ethnic minority, religion, language, diversity, integration, assimilation, inclusion- exclusion. Third, we identify...... the aims and objectives of multicultural education while the fourth section in as introduction to six essential dimensions of multicultural education. The fifth section includes examples of multicultural education and/or bilingual education from different countries in different parts of the world; Canada...

  6. Educational Accountability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pincoffs, Edmund L.

    1973-01-01

    Discusses educational accountability as the paradigm of performance contracting, presents some arguments for and against accountability, and discusses the goals of education and the responsibility of the teacher. (Author/PG)

  7. Inclusive Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lambert, Lukischa

    2008-01-01

    The placement and education of students with disabilities in the general education classroom has generated a challenge and varied opinions for educators, families, and service providers. It is likely that with recent litigation and legislation which supports inclusion and increasing pressure from advocates of inclusion, the trend towards including…

  8. Kingdom Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cox, William F., Jr.

    2011-01-01

    Whether known as Christian or Kingdom education, its very nature is opened for examination in this article. From the assumption that Christ is to be at the center of Christian education, it assumedly would be patterned after his life and activities on earth. A review of the Scriptures about Jesus points to an education orientation that is not well…

  9. Governing education

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ria Bronneman-Helmers

    2011-01-01

    Governing education. Trends in Dutch education policy 1990-2010 The Dutch government is responsible for e a cohesive and properly functioning education system. This report discusses the way in which the government fulfilled that responsibility in the period 1990-2010.  The study is

  10. Educational Leadership

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Moos, Lejf

    2003-01-01

    Educational leadership is different from other kinds of leadership, e.g. in leading production or service enterprises or public service institutions ? because educational leaders cannot choose their leadership style. I shall argue that educational leadership must be seen from the perspective...... of the kinds of institutions or organisations being led: they are institutions of learning and ?dannelse?....

  11. Educational Leadership

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Moos, Lejf

    2003-01-01

    Educational leadership is different from other kinds of leadership, e.g. in leading production or service enterprises or public service institutions ? because educational leaders cannot choose their leadership style. I shall argue that educational leadership must be seen from the perspective...

  12. Testing Benjamin Graham’s net current asset value model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chongsoo An

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this paper is to empirically test one of Graham’s investment methods based on the net current asset value (NCAV. The NCAV is truly unique, and conservative, and commonly known as the net-net method.  The ratio of the net current asset value to market value (NCAV/MV was employed in this study to test a stock’s performance comparing to the performance of S&P 500 as the market index. We used all stocks in Portfolio123 whose raw data were supplied by Compustat, Standard & Poors, Capital IQ, and Reuters for the period of January 2, 1999 to August 31, 2012. The overall results show that the firms with high net current asset values outperform the market. These results are strong in the up market. It can be argued that the firms with a high NCAV/MV ratio are likely to move toward their fundamental value and generate high excess return because its stock prices are now undervalued. The implications of the study are: (a a positive NCAV/MV ratio may be a good indicator of the underpriced security; (b investing in the growth period and avoiding the downturn period leads investors to earn much higher returns from the firms with a high NCAV/MV ratio; and (c The NCAV/MV strategy requires a longer holding period of the portfolio in order to generate excess returns.

  13. Creativity Polymathy: What Benjamin Franklin Can Teach Your Kindergartener

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaufman, James C.; Beghetto, Ronald A.; Baer, John; Ivcevic, Zorana

    2010-01-01

    Creative polymathy at the very highest levels is rare, but this is largely the result of a long period of training usually necessary to become proficient in any field. We explain why creative polymathy is not ruled out by arguments for the domain specificity of creativity and argue that consideration of multiple levels of creativity (Big-C, Pro-c,…

  14. Baillaud, Édouard Benjamin (1848-1934)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murdin, P.

    2000-11-01

    French astronomer, became director of Toulouse Observatory and Paris Observatory. He worked in celestial mechanics, especially on the motions of the satellites of Saturn, and inaugurated the telegraphy of time signals from the Paris Observatory via the Eiffel Tower. First president of the International Astronomical Union....

  15. The photographic subversion: Benjamin, Manet and Art(istic) reproduction

    OpenAIRE

    2006-01-01

    Besides referring to museum masterpieces in his 1863 paintings Le déjeuner sur l’herbe and Olympia, Édouard Manet used photography, of both academic and pornographic models, new genres of commercial photography that emerged during the early 1850s. I argue that Manet deliberately conflated fine art reproductions and mass media products, a practice that invites discussion in the light of Walter Benjamin’s “The Work of Art in the Age of Its Technological Reproducibility”. Since both engaged in a...

  16. Benjamin Vasserman edukas Ungaris ja Leedus / Rain Kooli

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kooli, Rain

    2007-01-01

    Ungaris Györi graafikabienaalil preemia kolme graafilise lehe eest sarjast "Diagnoosid". Vilniuse kuuendal väikegraafika triennaalil teine preemia nelja sarja "Diagnoosid. Peegeldus" digitaalse graafilise lehe eest

  17. Benjamin Vasserman edukas Ungaris ja Leedus / Rain Kooli

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kooli, Rain

    2007-01-01

    Ungaris Györi graafikabienaalil preemia kolme graafilise lehe eest sarjast "Diagnoosid". Vilniuse kuuendal väikegraafika triennaalil teine preemia nelja sarja "Diagnoosid. Peegeldus" digitaalse graafilise lehe eest

  18. La escuela de Frankfurt y la modernidad: Benjamin y Habermas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael Löwy

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available A partir de Marx y de Max Weber, se puede definir la modernidad como la civilización capitalista/industrial basada en la economía de mercado, la racionalidad instrumental y el desencantamiento del mundo. De todos los miembros de la Escuela de Frankfurt, W

  19. La escuela de frankfurt y la modernidad: benjamin y habermas

    OpenAIRE

    Michael Löwy

    2008-01-01

    A partir de Marx y de Max Weber, se puede definir la modernidad como la civilización capitalista/industrial basada en la economía de mercado, la racionalidad instrumental y el desencantamiento del mundo. De todos los miembros de la Escuela de Frankfurt, W

  20. Thoughts on Film: Critically Engaging with Both Adorno and Benjamin

    Science.gov (United States)

    D'Olimpio, Laura

    2015-01-01

    There is a traditional debate in analytic aesthetics that surrounds the classification of film as Art. While much philosophy devoted to considering film has now moved beyond this debate and accepts film as a mass art, a subcategory of Art proper, it is worth reconsidering the criticism of film pre-Deleuze. Much of the criticism of film as…

  1. gboyega emmanuel Abikoye¹ & Benjamin oladapo olley² ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    alcohol use among the youth appears not to be yielding desired results, as the problem of ... examined the influence of social network characteristics, perceived drinking norms and demographic ... Lewis and Neighbors (2004) found that per-.

  2. Biomedical and health informatics education and research at the Information Technology Institute in Egypt.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hussein, R; Khalifa, A

    2011-01-01

    During the last decade, Egypt has experienced a revolution in the field of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) that has had a corresponding impact on the field of healthcare. Since 1993, the Information Technology Institute (ITI) has been leading the development of the Information Technology (IT) professional training and education in Egypt to produce top quality IT professionals who are considered now the backbone of the IT revolution in Egypt. For the past five years, ITI has been adopting the objective of building high caliber health professionals who can effectively serve the ever-growing information society. Academic links have been established with internationally renowned universities, e.g., Oregon Health and Science University (OHSU) in US, University of Leipzig in Germany, in addition those with the Egyptian Fellowship Board in order to enrich ITI Medical Informatics Education and Research. The ITI Biomedical and Health Informatics (BMHI) education and training programs target fresh graduates as well as life-long learners. Therefore, the program's learning objectives are framed within the context of the four specialization tracks: Healthcare Management (HCM), Biomedical Informatics Research (BMIR), Bioinformatics Professional (BIP), and Healthcare Professional (HCP). The ITI BMHI research projects tackle a wide-range of current challenges in this field, such as knowledge management in healthcare, providing tele-consultation services for diagnosis and treatment of infectious diseases for underserved regions in Egypt, and exploring the cultural and educational aspects of Nanoinformatics. Since 2006, ITI has been positively contributing to develop the discipline of BMHI in Egypt in order to support improved healthcare services.

  3. Theorizing Education and Educational Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thompson, Christiane

    2012-01-01

    In this paper, I address the question of how a philosophically enriched view of method might inform both educational theory and educational research. The first part of the paper elaborates recent discussions on "philosophical method" in the educational-philosophical discourse. These discussions point toward the importance of analyzing the…

  4. An Africanised Study of Astronomical History in the Northern Cape South Africa, for Purposes of Secondary and Higher Education Programmes

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Beer, K. J.; Hoffman, M. J.

    2007-07-01

    Dr M.J. Hoffman, Head of the Department Physics, University of the Free State (UFS), presented a paper at the Duineveld Secondary School in Upington, to enhance the idea of a natural observatory centre in the Northern Cape. Quite aptly, the National Institute for Higher Education: Northern Cape (NIHE) also invited a renowned African astronomer, Dr T Medupe, to address their graduation ceremony in 2005. However, Dr Albert Strydom, Programme Head of Tourism Management at the Central University for Technology, Free State (CUT), is very much aware of the delicate nature of this type of high scientific profile in Tourism Management. It is foreseen by Dr Kallie de Beer, Director of Distance Education, that teaching and learning in this field will predominantly be conducted via Open and Distance e-Learning (ODeL). Consequently, it is also important to understand the philosophy of ODeL within global and Africanized perspectives. Astronomy, in this case, offers excellent examples of Africanised science in practice to add scientific value to tourist packages in the Northern Cape. (www.saao.ac.za/assa/aahs).

  5. Report from the Latin American Spondyloarthritis Society for Education and Research in Immunology and Medicine organization 2012 workshop.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bautista-Molano, Wilson; Toloza, Sergio; Gutiérrez, Marwin; Uribe, Carlos Vinicio Caballero; Pineda, Carlos; Londoño, John; Santos, Pedro; Jaimes, Diego; Diaz, Mario; Chalem, Phillipe; Villota, Orlando; Sierra, Rita; Puche, William; Salas, José; Yara, José; Hamilton, Gordon; Pardo, Carlos; Mercado, Beatriz; Valle-Oñate, Rafael

    2013-09-01

    The first annual meeting of the Latin American Spondyloarthritis Society for Education and Research in Immunology and Medicine (LASSERIM) was held in Bogotá, Colombia, in September 2012 and was attended by key opinion leaders, researchers, and rheumatologists. The meeting included presentations and discussions from renowned speakers during 2 days and a coaching leadership exercise led by an expert in the field followed by an open forum. Two groups defined a priori discussed the establishment of a professional network and organization to be involved in the identification, assessment, and effective resolution of health care issues in Latin America.A broad spectrum of topics were discussed but focused on the following: pharmacoeconomics in general rheumatology, spondyloarthritis and chronic back pain, therapeutic interventions in rheumatoid arthritis, ultrasonography in spondyloarthritis, impact of social media in medicine and global trends in leadership, quality of life, and innovation. A special workshop on coaching in health care and coaching as a tool to implement LASSERIM goals was part of the 2-day conference.LASSERIM will be working in the future on education, research, and innovation in the field of rheumatology and immunology. A special focus will be on spondyloarthritis, by promoting research, open discussions, and by conducting carefully planned research studies to impact on the quality of life of patients and doctors from Latin American countries.

  6. STEM Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xie, Yu; Fang, Michael; Shauman, Kimberlee

    2015-08-01

    Improving science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) education, especially for traditionally disadvantaged groups, is widely recognized as pivotal to the U.S.'s long-term economic growth and security. In this article, we review and discuss current research on STEM education in the U.S., drawing on recent research in sociology and related fields. The reviewed literature shows that different social factors affect the two major components of STEM education attainment: (1) attainment of education in general, and (2) attainment of STEM education relative to non-STEM education conditional on educational attainment. Cognitive and social psychological characteristics matter for both major components, as do structural influences at the neighborhood, school, and broader cultural levels. However, while commonly used measures of socioeconomic status (SES) predict the attainment of general education, social psychological factors are more important influences on participation and achievement in STEM versus non-STEM education. Domestically, disparities by family SES, race, and gender persist in STEM education. Internationally, American students lag behind those in some countries with less economic resources. Explanations for group disparities within the U.S. and the mediocre international ranking of US student performance require more research, a task that is best accomplished through interdisciplinary approaches.

  7. STEM Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xie, Yu; Fang, Michael; Shauman, Kimberlee

    2015-01-01

    Improving science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) education, especially for traditionally disadvantaged groups, is widely recognized as pivotal to the U.S.’s long-term economic growth and security. In this article, we review and discuss current research on STEM education in the U.S., drawing on recent research in sociology and related fields. The reviewed literature shows that different social factors affect the two major components of STEM education attainment: (1) attainment of education in general, and (2) attainment of STEM education relative to non-STEM education conditional on educational attainment. Cognitive and social psychological characteristics matter for both major components, as do structural influences at the neighborhood, school, and broader cultural levels. However, while commonly used measures of socioeconomic status (SES) predict the attainment of general education, social psychological factors are more important influences on participation and achievement in STEM versus non-STEM education. Domestically, disparities by family SES, race, and gender persist in STEM education. Internationally, American students lag behind those in some countries with less economic resources. Explanations for group disparities within the U.S. and the mediocre international ranking of US student performance require more research, a task that is best accomplished through interdisciplinary approaches. PMID:26778893

  8. Educational technology in medical education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Han, Heeyoung; Resch, David S; Kovach, Regina A

    2013-01-01

    This article aims to review the past practices of educational technology and envision future directions for medical education. The discussion starts with a historical review of definitions and perspectives of educational technology, in which the authors propose that educators adopt a broader process-oriented understanding of educational technology. Future directions of e-learning, simulation, and health information technology are discussed based on a systems view of the technological process. As new technologies continue to arise, this process-oriented understanding and outcome-based expectations of educational technology should be embraced. With this view, educational technology should be valued in terms of how well the technological process informs and facilitates learning, and the acquisition and maintenance of clinical expertise.

  9. Citizenship Education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dorf, Hans

    2008-01-01

    a key role to education in engendering European democratic citizenship. It can be questioned whether it is within the scope of educational programmes to ensure social integration and democracy. However, to clarify the perspectives of the educational issue, the article discusses the conflicts...... and relationships between cultural identity and democracy within a framework of modernity before returning to the issue of education for democratic citizenship. It is shown on the basis of empirical studies that family background interacts with school factors in the reproduction of democratic inequalities....... It is also indicated, however, that this must not be considered an unchangeable pedagogical fact, and the article briefly sketches a set of pedagogical and research challenges concerned with educating for democratic empowerment at different levels of school practice. Although this paper focuses on education...

  10. Entrepreneurship Education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Robinson, Sarah; Shumar, Wesley

    2015-01-01

    A deep concern about how higher education worldwide has become more narrowly focused on the economy, on qualification and credentialing brings the focus in this paper to Entrepreneurship Education (EE) as an opportunity for purposeful education. We suggest that the present climate has produced...... a kind of legitimacy crisis in that the only knowledge that is socially valued is knowledge that is already seen to have economic value. These arguments have already been developed in literature on the commodification of the university (Shumar 1997), the market mantra of neoliberalism on education (Blum...... education is supposed to be for the good of the economy, and in addition, the individual and society may benefit. We question whether this approach to higher education under neoliberal reform is likely to stimulate individuals. From the standpoint of the individual, pursuing qualifications for credentials...

  11. Powering education

    OpenAIRE

    Hassan, Fadi; Lucchino, Paolo

    2016-01-01

    More than 1.3 billion people worldwide have no access to electricity and this has first-order effects on several development dimensions. In this paper we focus on the link between access to light and education. We randomly distribute solar lamps to 7th grade pupils in rural Kenya and monitor their educational outcomes throughout the year at quarterly frequency. We find that access to lights through solar lamps is a relevant and effective input to education. Our identification strategy account...

  12. EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sunil Patil

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Education Psychology is one of the most rapidly advancing disciplines which is concerned with the description, explanation and control of the educational processes arising from the interaction between the teacher and learner in the context of a specified or unspecified subject. The concept of educational psycology is changing as a result of the general impact of the disciplines such as sociology, anthropology,economics, political science and so on. The subject matter of educational psychology is also reflecting a diversity of structures and emphases in its connection.

  13. Educational Rehabilitation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jorgensen, I. Skov, Ed.

    1986-01-01

    Fourteen author contributed chapters provide an overview of rehabilitation and special education for the disabled from a Danish perspective. Chapters have the following titles and authors: "Handicapped persons right to education, training and employment" (B. Haarder); "Mutual acceptance and empathy between handicapped and…

  14. Educational Software.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Northwest Regional Educational Lab., Portland, OR.

    The third session of IT@EDU98 consisted of five papers on educational software and was chaired by Tran Van Hao (University of Education, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam). "Courseware Engineering" (Nguyen Thanh Son, Ngo Ngoc Bao Tran, Quan Thanh Tho, Nguyen Hong Lam) briefly describes the use of courseware. "Machine Discovery Theorems in Geometry: A…

  15. Education Now

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mayer, Jean

    1978-01-01

    Argues that until we replace classical education with a more comprehensive, more inspiring, more sophisticated teaching scheme, our best choice would be to return Latin and Greek to the place of honor they once occupied in secondary education. (Author/RK)

  16. Global Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Longstreet, Wilma S., Ed.

    1988-01-01

    This issue contains an introduction ("The Promise and Perplexity of Globalism," by W. Longstreet) and seven articles dedicated to exploring the meaning of global education for today's schools. "Global Education: An Overview" (J. Becker) develops possible definitions, identifies objectives and skills, and addresses questions and…

  17. Educational Polyphony

    Science.gov (United States)

    Naot-Ofarim, Yael; Solomonic, Sonia

    2016-01-01

    While much has been written about relativism, multiculturalism and dialogue the case of education is special as in education the teacher "aims to promote" a set of values. This role of the teacher as bearing a worldview to be advanced is rarely addressed in the literature and is the focus of this paper. In the first section we explore…

  18. Europeanising education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ydesen, Christian

    2013-01-01

    Review of "Europeanizing education – governing a new policy space" by Martin Lawn & Sotiria Grek (Symposium books, Oxford, 2012), 172 pp. (pbk), $48.00, ISBN 978-1-873927-61-8.......Review of "Europeanizing education – governing a new policy space" by Martin Lawn & Sotiria Grek (Symposium books, Oxford, 2012), 172 pp. (pbk), $48.00, ISBN 978-1-873927-61-8....

  19. Individual Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Corsini, Raymond

    1981-01-01

    Paper presented at the 66th Convention of the International Association of Pupil Personnel Workers, October 20, 1980, Baltimore, Maryland, describes individual education based on the principles of Alfred Adler. Defines six advantages of individual education, emphasizing student responsibility, mutual respect, and allowing students to progress at…

  20. Education models

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Poortman, Sybilla; Sloep, Peter

    2006-01-01

    Educational models describes a case study on a complex learning object. Possibilities are investigated for using this learning object, which is based on a particular educational model, outside of its original context. Furthermore, this study provides advice that might lead to an increase in

  1. Individual Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Corsini, Raymond

    1981-01-01

    Paper presented at the 66th Convention of the International Association of Pupil Personnel Workers, October 20, 1980, Baltimore, Maryland, describes individual education based on the principles of Alfred Adler. Defines six advantages of individual education, emphasizing student responsibility, mutual respect, and allowing students to progress at…

  2. Repurposing Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    McClung, Merle

    2013-01-01

    The economic purpose of getting a job, or getting into college in order to get a better job, has evolved into the de facto primary purpose of K-12 (and higher) education. Business model solutions are seen by businessmen as the answer to education problems. But the business models they advocate and help fund are not a good fit for education…

  3. Education Incarnate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Todd, Sharon

    2016-01-01

    For the past 15 years, scholars in education have focused on Levinas's work largely in terms of his understanding of alterity, of the self-Other relation, of ethics as "first philosophy" and the significance these concepts have on rethinking educational theory and practice. What I do in this paper, by way of method, is to start from a…

  4. Migrant Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Inequality In Education, 1976

    1976-01-01

    Three articles describe the lifestyle of the children of migrant agricultural workers. First, Jose A. Cardenas provides an overview of education for migrant children. He notes academic performance deviations and underachievement resulting from their educational programs. Cardenas describes poor staffing, frequent segregation, curricula…

  5. Educational trust

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gørlich, Anne; Katznelson, Noemi

    2015-01-01

    Across Europe and the Nordic countries, it is widely agreed that the high proportion of 15–30-year olds not in employment, education or training is a challenge, which needs to be tackled by focusing on education. The political and institutional focus is on individual training readiness, individua...

  6. Doctoral Education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ridder, Hanne Mette Ochsner

    2015-01-01

    Doctoral education covers the “third cycle” of degrees following the bachelor’s and the master’s degree. The education of researchers is necessary for developing music therapy as a scientific discipline and calls for a certain research culture that not only brings knowledge on research...... with an integration of science and practice. This leads to a description of the principles of problem-based learning as a social constructive approach, problematization, self-directed learning and learning community. The chapter is concluded with an example of a model of doctoral education, the Aalborg model, where...... the coursework, supervision, and curriculum is based on problem-based learning. About the book: 'International Perspectives in Music Therapy Education and Training: Adapting to a Changing World,' the first anthology of its kind, edited by Professor Karen Goodman, brings noted educators from Brazil, Canada...

  7. Citizenship Education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dorf, Hans

    2008-01-01

    . It is also indicated, however, that this must not be considered an unchangeable pedagogical fact, and the article briefly sketches a set of pedagogical and research challenges concerned with educating for democratic empowerment at different levels of school practice. Although this paper focuses on education......For several reasons citizenship and democracy has moved into political and research focus. Socio-cultural tensions and inequalities created by globalisation processes boosted by neo-liberal modes of government seem to inspire a concern with "social cohesion", and the European Community assigns...... a key role to education in engendering European democratic citizenship. It can be questioned whether it is within the scope of educational programmes to ensure social integration and democracy. However, to clarify the perspectives of the educational issue, the article discusses the conflicts...

  8. Doctoral Education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ridder, Hanne Mette Ochsner

    2015-01-01

    Doctoral education covers the “third cycle” of degrees following the bachelor’s and the master’s degree. The education of researchers is necessary for developing music therapy as a scientific discipline and calls for a certain research culture that not only brings knowledge on research...... with an integration of science and practice. This leads to a description of the principles of problem-based learning as a social constructive approach, problematization, self-directed learning and learning community. The chapter is concluded with an example of a model of doctoral education, the Aalborg model, where...... the coursework, supervision, and curriculum is based on problem-based learning. About the book: 'International Perspectives in Music Therapy Education and Training: Adapting to a Changing World,' the first anthology of its kind, edited by Professor Karen Goodman, brings noted educators from Brazil, Canada...

  9. One Way Multimedia Broadcasting as a Tool for Education and Development in Developing Nations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chandrasekhar, M. G.; Venugopal, D.; Sebastian, M.; Chari, B.

    2000-07-01

    An improved quality of life through education and developmental communication is an important necessity of societal up-liftment in the new millennium, especially in the developing nations. The population explosion and the associated pressure on the scarce resources to meet the basic necessities have made it more or less impossible for most of the nations to invest reasonable resources in realizing adequate channels of formal education. Thanks to the developments in satellite communication and associated technologies, new vistas are available today to provide education and developmental communication opportunities to millions of people, spread across the globe. Satellite based Digital Audio and Multimedia Broadcasting is one such new development that is being viewed as an innovative space application in the coming decades. The potential of DAB technology to reach education, information and entertainment directly to the user through a specially designed receiver could be efficiently utilized by the developing nations to overcome their difficulties in realizing formal channels of education and information dissemination. WorldSpace plans to launch three geo-stationary satellites that would cover most of the developing economies in Africa, the Mediterranean, the Middle East, Asia, Latin America and the Caribbean. Apart from a variety of digital, high quality audio channels providing news, views, education and entertainment opportunities, the end users can also get a responsive multimedia. The multimedia is being planned as a specially packaged offering that can meet the demand of students, professionals as well as certain special groups who have certain specific data and information requirements. Apart from WorldSpace, renowned agencies/firms from different parts of the world shall provide the required content to meet these requirements. Though the Internet option is available, higher telephone charges and the difficulty in getting access have made this option less

  10. Educational Choice and Educational Space

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomson, Kathleen Sonia

    2016-01-01

    This dissertation entitled "Educational choice and educational space" aims to explore the confluence of constructed space and geographic space using a supply-side context for New Zealand's public school system of quasi-open enrollment. In Part I, New Zealand's state and state-integrated school system across four urban areas is analyzed…

  11. What Makes Educational Software Educational?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Polonoli, Keith E.

    This article is a primer for educators hoping to choose instructional software for their classrooms. The following four basic principles that all quality educational software has in common are discussed: (1) an adherence to learning theory, including behavioral and cognitive theory; (2) employment of gaming features; (3) culturally sensitive…

  12. Mathematics Education and Democracy Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Çetin, Ömer Faruk

    2015-01-01

    Democracy is a most accepted form of government system and has a great importance for citizens by allowing them equal and active participation in common life. As its development and characteristics are important for all citizens of a country, each democratic country puts much emphasis on democracy education in its educational curricula. In recent…

  13. Science Education through Informal Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Mijung; Dopico, Eduardo

    2016-01-01

    To develop the pedagogic efficiency of informal education in science teaching, promoting a close cooperation between institutions is suggested by Monteiro, Janerine, de Carvalho, and Martins (EJ1102247). In their article, they point out effective examples of how teachers and educators work together to develop programs and activities at informal…

  14. Mathematics Education and Democracy Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Çetin, Ömer Faruk

    2015-01-01

    Democracy is a most accepted form of government system and has a great importance for citizens by allowing them equal and active participation in common life. As its development and characteristics are important for all citizens of a country, each democratic country puts much emphasis on democracy education in its educational curricula. In recent…

  15. Conceptualizing Educational Research in Distance Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watkins, Ryan; Schlosser, Charles

    2003-01-01

    Suggests a starting place for formal inquiry into distance education. Topics covered include: background on educational research and research on distance education; research paradigms that are applicable to distance education; subsystems of a distance education program; and a matrix for conceptualizing distance education research. (MES)

  16. Pluriversalizing Education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tom, Miye Nadya; Suárez-Krabbe, Julia; Caballero Castro, Trinidad

    2016-01-01

    media in the urban Native American community of San Francisco, USA, rap music and social intervention in Lisbon, Portugal, and efforts to standardize education among Romani/Gypsy communities in Córdoba, Spain. When studied together, these initiatives also point to the connection between......Pluriversalization is often stated as a telos from within decolonial theory, opposing uni-versal knowledge and education as resulting from colonialism. However, scant empirically based research explores how pluriversalization might be achieved, and what it may entail. Studied through the lens...... of the “pedagogy of absence, conflict and emergence”, the cases analyzed in this paper suggest that pluriversalization involves the de-centralization of the Eurocentric colonial education and the methodological re-centralization of the realities ignored by this form of education. The case studies include: digital...

  17. Peace Education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Paola Salamanca García

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Direct, structural and cultural violence has been stressed within the social dynamic; this type of violence impedes the growth of the dialogue and the peace conflict resolution. In addition to this, the economic model imposed, communications, technology and western educational system have been favourable to increase inequality, injustice and decrease human development. Therefore, education has been looking for new ways to approach this type of violence and Peace Education emerges as an innovative alternative of learning in order to promote social progress and better standards of life. One of the relevant aspects of Peace Education is that it can adjust to different situations and it gives pedagogic solutions to the new global challenges. 

  18. Design Education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brandt, Eva

    2007-01-01

    traditions into a research based institution for higher education is demanding. Danmarks Designskole is in the middle of this process, many activities are initiated, both employees and students are involved, and from outside representatives from various design professions. The design process has many...... background information about Danmarks Designskole, the initiation of the change process, and curriculum concerns. Then the research approach is described. From section 3 to section 6 the results from the investigations are discussed. First if a vocational education still is expected? Then views about...... if Danmarks Designskole should educate specialised designers or design generalists. Section five give examples of expectations to the design education and in section 6 profiles of graduates are discussed. Section 7 reflects on the research approaches which is followed by conclusions....

  19. OUTDOOR EDUCATION AND GEOGRAPHICAL EDUCATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ANDREA GUARAN

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper focuses on the reflection on the relationship between values and methodological principles of Outdoor Education and spatial and geographical education perspectives, especially in pre-school and primary school, which relates to the age between 3 and 10 years. Outdoor Education is an educational practice that is already rooted in the philosophical thought of the 16th and the 17th centuries, from John Locke to Jean-Jacques Rousseau, and in the pedagogical thought, in particular Friedrich Fröbel, and it has now a quite stable tradition in Northern Europe countries. In Italy, however, there are still few experiences and they usually do not have a systematic and structural modality, but rather a temporarily and experimentally outdoor organization. In the first part, this paper focuses on the reasons that justify a particular attention to educational paths that favour outdoors activities, providing also a definition of outdoor education and highlighting its values. It is also essential to understand that educational programs in open spaces, such as a forest or simply the schoolyard, surely offers the possibility to learn geographical situations. Therefore, the question that arises is how to finalize the best stimulus that the spatial location guarantees for the acquisition of knowledge, skills and abilities about space and geography.

  20. OUTDOOR EDUCATION AND GEOGRAPHICAL EDUCATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ANDREA GUARAN

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper focuses on the reflection on the relationship between values and methodological principles of Outdoor Education and spatial and geographical education perspectives, especially in pre-school and primary school, which relates to the age between 3 and 10 years. Outdoor Education is an educational practice that is already rooted in the philosophical thought of the 16th and the 17th centuries, from John Locke to Jean-Jacques Rousseau, and in the pedagogical thought, in particular Friedrich Fröbel, and it has now a quite stable tradition in Northern Europe countries. In Italy, however, there are still few experiences and they usually do not have a systematic and structural modality, but rather a temporarily and experimentally outdoor organization. In the first part, this paper focuses on the reasons that justify a particular attention to educational paths that favour outdoors activities, providing also a definition of outdoor education and highlighting its values. It is also essential to understand that educational programs in open spaces, such as a forest or simply the schoolyard, surely offers the possibility to learn geographical situations. Therefore, the question that arises is how to finalize the best stimulus that the spatial location guarantees for the acquisition of knowledge, skills and abilities about space and geography.

  1. Open and Distance Education in Global Environment: Opportunities for Collaboration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. K. PULIST

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Distance education system in India has undergone many stages and phases of evolution before it really reached the stage of what is called open education, ICT-enabled education and global education. During these phases, it has assimilated different aspects of ICT with all applauds and has been able to go hand-in-hand with it transcending the national and regional boundaries. The distance education institutions have now started giving a serious thought to explore the possibility of cross-boarder expansion. The educational needs of the present society are changing very fast. The education is now being seen as an enabling tool for empowerment and all-round development of individuals. It is difficult for an institution to come up to all the educational requirements of the society. It is, therefore, time to collaborate rather than compete. Quality concern becomes a serious issue in such a situation. Consequently, globalization, internationalization, collaboration, networking have become the buzzwords of the day in distance education. In furtherance of this journey, Indira National Open University, INDIA organized an international conference on the theme “Open and Distance Education in Global Environment: Opportunities for Collaboration” under the aegis of International Council for Distance Education. The articles of the renowned educationists presented in the Conference have reserved their place in the volume under review. The volume is a repository of their experiences in the becoming of distance education all these years. The volume is spread over 32 chapters summed up into four major streams– internationalization are: collaboration and networking; ICT-enabled education; quality assurance; and distance education for development. The canvas of the volume covers the present scenario of open and distance education from the global perspective.The first part discusses as to how collaboration can be tamed to develop joint curriculum and deliver

  2. Media education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strasburger, Victor C

    2010-11-01

    The American Academy of Pediatrics recognizes that exposure to mass media (eg, television, movies, video and computer games, the Internet, music lyrics and videos, newspapers, magazines, books, advertising) presents health risks for children and adolescents but can provide benefits as well. Media education has the potential to reduce the harmful effects of media and accentuate the positive effects. By understanding and supporting media education, pediatricians can play an important role in reducing harmful effects of media on children and adolescents.

  3. The university, social education and the education of social educator

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irandi Pereira

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses the relations between university and social education and their developments in the social educator education supported by an education conception linked to the collective rights. This article emphasizes the relations between theory and the social education actions, the social educator continual education, according to three focus: Brazilian higher education aspects, the call for a more general education towards the demands resulting from the contemporary context, in which the formal education, in its different levels, cannot answer the low income adults, youngsters and children solicitations and yet the requests needed for the social educator continual education. The readings have shown that the debate is insufficient in face of the social education experiences carried out in national and international scenarios. It is a field to be effectively established.

  4. Bilingual Teachers’ In-class Code-switching Mechanism from the Perspective of Taxonomy of Educational Objectives%双语教师课堂语码转换机制设计研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高昂之

    2016-01-01

    以美国教育心理学家本杰明·布卢姆的教育目标分类学为理论依据,选取理论中学习者的知识过程维度和认知过程维度为参照,以高校《国际贸易实务》双语课为例,对双语教师的课堂语码转换机制进行设计,旨在厘清双语教师课堂教学中汉英双语的使用比重、转换方式和转换情境。%This paper aims to design an in-class code-switching mechanism for bilingual teachers from the theoretical perspective of taxonomy of educational objectives of Benjamin Bloom, American educator and psychologist and in the dimensions of knowledge and cognition. It examines the case of the bilingual course of International Trade Practice to highlight bilingual teachers’ Chinese-English code-switching proportion, switching mode and situation respectively.

  5. Experiência, infância e educação: o que nos passa enquanto caminhamos.../Experience, infancy and education: what in it passes while we walk…

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    César Donizetti Pereira Leite

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Quanto a este texto, consideramos a ideia de que educação se relaciona à possibilidade de produção de sentidos e de modos de ser, e que estes acontecem em espaços, situações que provocam momentos de encontros e desencontros entre corpos, histórias, necessidades e sensações. Portanto, o propósito é refletir a educação dentro desta condição descrita. Elegemos, como pontos de partida, discursos da Filosofia em diálogos com a Psicanálise. Construímos uma reflexão a partir de situações/enredos que se elaboram tendo como marcos culturais dois ‘lugares’: (1 o texto de Freud Algumas reflexões sobre a Psicologia do Escolar e (2 o filme neorrealista de Roberto Rossellini Alemanha Ano Zero. A discussão é tecida, além do indicado acima, pela noção de experiência e infância, tanto em Walter Benjamin como em Giorgio Agamben. Aceitamos o pressuposto do enredo do filme, a história de Edmund no pós 2ª. Guerra e as necessidades vitais do povo alemão; e, com base nele, enfocamos a relação de co-existência entre o menino, seu pai e a figura do professor. How much to this text, we consider the idea of that education if relates to the possibility of senses and ways of being production, and that these happen in spaces, situations that provoke encounters and disencounters moment’s between bodies, histories, necessities and sensations. Therefore, the intention is to reflect the education inside of this described condition. We choose, starting points, the Philosophy in dialogues with the Psychoanalysis discourses. We construct to a reflection from situations/synopses that if elaborate having as cultural landmarks two ‘places’: (1 the Freud’ text - Some reflections on schoolboy psychology - and (2 the Robert Rossellini neorealist film - Germania Anno Zero. The discussion is weaved, beyond the indicated above, for the experience and infancy notion, as much in Walter Benjamin and Giorgio Agamben. We accept the supposition of

  6. Turning Around Ben Franklin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lozen, Stephen

    2010-01-01

    One would think that being the nation's only private, urban, two-year technical college might be a source of some notoriety, especially if that institution also traces its history back to a bequest in Benjamin Franklin's will. But even among New England's higher education community, Boston's Benjamin Franklin Institute of Technology (BFIT) is a…

  7. [Suggestions of reshaping medical education (The Hungarian medical elite at universities and the Hungarian Academy of Sciences) 1947-1948].

    Science.gov (United States)

    N Szabó, József

    2017-03-01

    This study is part of the monograph entitled Scientific Elites and Politics (1945-1948) to be published soon. The relationships of political parties with several elite groups, such as groups of agronomic, human, economic, legal, technical and natural sciences, as well as the roles of these elites in scientific life, have been looked into and published in renowned periodicals. Using new sources, different specialist groups' and political powers' suggestions of reshaping medical education in 1947 and 1948, are presented. The medical elite's situation at universities and the Hungarian Academy of Sciences is also outlined. The study renders an account of the entire post-war medical elite. It will be stated who and based on what scientific achievement became member of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, who was appointed to professor and who became a habilitated doctor. This study, which is a desideratum of research, may not only interest researchers but is aimed at a broader readership, including physicians. Orv. Hetil., 2017, 158(11), 432-437.

  8. [Population education].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Niang, M

    1992-12-01

    Africa has the highest population growth rate in the world (3%). It has 650 million people (about 900 million in 2000). Rapid population growth has serious consequences which, if not addressed, will be disastrous. This worrisome situation has led some governments to adopt demographic policies to slow down population growth. The UN Economic, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) recommends that schools provide population education. Various population conferences have popularized population education in schools among African countries. UNESCO began its regional program on population education in Africa in 1969. National family life and population education (FL/PE) projects have increased from 4 in 1970 to 32 in 1990 (17 in French- and Portuguese-speaking Africa and 5 in English-speaking Africa). These projects teach students about the links between demographic problems and socioeconomic factors and contemporary culture. They aim for total development of the individual and improvement of the quality of life for the individual, family, and community. Topics covered in FL/PE are birth rate; fertility; health; and maternal, infant, and child mortality; unwanted pregnancy; illegal abortion; sexually transmitted diseases; rural-urban migration; and urbanization. Benin introduced FL/PE at all levels of its education system while Senegal, Guinea, Mauritania, and Zaire introduced it to only the primary and secondary school levels. Some countries teach FL/PE as one discipline while most countries (e.g., Senegal) have integrated it into other disciplines (e.g., geography). FL/PE should begin in primary schools because they have the most students and prepare students for middle schools, which provide FL/PE. Elementary education in Senegal is being overhauled to introduce current major problems bit by bit. Senegal also wants to incorporate FL/PE into literacy and adult education programs. Integration of FL/PE into other disciplines should be encouraged.

  9. Voter education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kjetil Børhaug

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available The educational system plays a role in the broader political socialisa-tion process. Even if this role is contingent, an important questionremains as to how schools contribute to the integration of newgenerations in political life. This article aims at improving empiricalknowledge about this contribution. In many Western countries suchpolitical education seems to focus on formal structure of institutions,constitutional frameworks, discussions of current issues and for-mal rights of citizens. The Norwegian national curriculum outlinesa different political education, focusing on critical analysis of the po-litical system, encouragement of many forms of political participa-tion, examination of policy-making processes and policy contents.To what extent are these purposes of a critical, activist citizenryimplemented at the classroom level? This question is analysed usingboth qualitative and survey data. The analysis suggests that formal-ism does not dominate Norwegian political education. Political par-ties, elections, comparison of party programs are most commonlythe key elements in a political education closely related to the citizenideals of competitive elite democracy.

  10. Research education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hansen, James; Harris, Carolyn; Borenstein, Samuel; Curran, Brendan; Fox, Mitchell

    1997-11-01

    Introduction How can we get the public to appreciate the way scientific understanding advances via iterative research? How can we provide females and underrepresented minorities an opportunity to be involved in science early enough in their schooling to make a difference in career motivation? How can research laboratories help improve science education in our schools and prepare students with skills that they will need in the workforce? We do not have the answers to these questions. Indeed, we are only beginning to work together, as researchers and educators, on these topics. However, the Editor, upon seeing the large number of student and educator coauthors on our paper in this issue of Journal of Geophysical Research, invited us to describe our fledgling program, with the hope of stimulating dialogue on a topic of increasing interest.

  11. Visual Education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Buhl, Mie; Flensborg, Ingelise

    2010-01-01

    The intrinsic breadth of various types of images creates new possibilities and challenges for visual education. The digital media have moved the boundaries between images and other kinds of modalities (e.g. writing, speech and sound) and have augmented the possibilities for integrating the functi......The intrinsic breadth of various types of images creates new possibilities and challenges for visual education. The digital media have moved the boundaries between images and other kinds of modalities (e.g. writing, speech and sound) and have augmented the possibilities for integrating...... to emerge in the interlocutory space of a global visual repertoire and diverse local interpretations. The two perspectives represent challenges for future visual education which require visual competences, not only within the arts but also within the subjects of natural sciences, social sciences, languages...

  12. Environmental Education: New Era for Science Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taskin, Ozgur

    This paper presents the history of environmental education with regard to major issues, theories, and goals; environmental education in science education curriculum; and inquiry-based approaches. An example for environmental education curriculum content and an example inquiry laboratory for environmental education are included. (KHR)

  13. Educational Television and Educational Development in Tunisia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Association of Educational Broadcasters, Washington, DC.

    The National Association of Educational Broadcasters attempted to determine how educational television and related technologies could strengthen the educational system of Tunisia. An overview of the Tunisian society is presented, followed by a brief history of the development of its educational system. The tremendous educational needs of the…

  14. Financial Education

    OpenAIRE

    Udo Reifner; Anne Schelhowe

    2010-01-01

    New, more or better financial education and financial literacy programmes should lead to improved financial capability, knowledge and outcomes. Yet we do not even know which terminology is most suitable for those projects who all intend to give an answer to a question which is less than clear. What is meant by the term “financial education”? Why did the “demand” for financial education suddenly increase? Have the numerous tasks which consumers in a modern society have to fulfill created this ...

  15. Educating professionals

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wahlgren, Bjarne

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of the professional bachelor’s degree is to qualify the students to act competently in a subsequent job situation. Anecdotal experience and research have shown that limited transfer between what is learned during the coursework and the subsequent professional practice. This article...... does that look in practice? Based on interviews with newly-educated social workers, I have analyzed which competences the social worker (hereafter ‘he’) uses in practice, how these competences are developed, and how the student learns to apply the competences acquired in the educational program....

  16. Marketing Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stancil, Ronald A., Sr.

    2008-01-01

    This article discusses the Marketing Education program at West Haven (CT) High School in West Haven, Connecticut, that promotes skills for life and attributes, enhances the academic program, and develops leaders out of ordinary students through an interactive curriculum. The three components of West Haven's marketing and management program are (1)…

  17. Educational Thoroughfare.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barthelme, Donald

    1963-01-01

    Architect Donald Barthelme expresses a personal concept of an architectural-educational philosophy and presents his design concept for a new kind of campus. He classifies two types of architecture--(1) architecture which places the opportunity to build ahead of any obligation to people, and (2) architecture which places a primary interest and…

  18. Education Industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-01-01

    Center for Education Statistics (NCES). (2006). Homeschooling in the United States: 2003 Statistical Analysis Report (NCES 2006-042). U.S Department...2004). Homeschoolers on to college: What research shows us. Journal of College Admission, 185, 5-11. Recruitment Briefing. (2005, October 5

  19. Educational Challenges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chisholm, Shirley

    There are three very important factors that contribute substantially to urban fiscal problems in providing educational services. First, at the same time that the tax base for the cities' services is being eroded, the cities' residents are in need of and demanding greater expenditures for health services, welfare, sanitation, transportation, public…

  20. Educational Assessment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hogan, Thomas P.

    2005-01-01

    Following a practical approach, this book focuses on educational assessment as it is practiced today, in the actual world of classrooms, school systems, state departments, and national organizations. It first covers the basic concepts applicable to all types of assessment: statistical concepts, reliability, validity, and interpretive frameworks.…

  1. Surveying Education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Enemark, Stig

    2009-01-01

    In relation to surveying education there is one big question to be asked: Is the role of the surveyors changing? In a global perspective the answer will be "Yes". There is a big swing that could be entitled "From Measurement to Management". This does not imply that measurement is no longer a rele...... on an efficient interaction between education, research, and professional practice.......In relation to surveying education there is one big question to be asked: Is the role of the surveyors changing? In a global perspective the answer will be "Yes". There is a big swing that could be entitled "From Measurement to Management". This does not imply that measurement is no longer....... In surveying education there are a range of other challenges to be faced. These relate to the focus on learning to learn; the need for flexible curriculum to deal with constant change; the move towards introducing virtual academy; the demand for creating a quality culture; and the perspective of lifelong...

  2. On Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Addams, Jane

    This book presents speeches and essays by Jane Addams, from the period between 1893 and 1930, that present a view of education as a broad process of cultural transformation and renewal, as the foundation of democracy. Among the topics presented are: (1) an exploration of some of the problems women faced upon graduating from college and returning…

  3. Postliberal Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davis, Robert A.

    2015-01-01

    The 2014 INPE McLaughlin Lecture explores the emergent concept of the "postliberal" and the increasing frequency of its formal and informal uses in the languages of educational theory and practice. It traces the origins of the term "postliberal" to certain strains of modern Christian theology, maps its migration into liberal…

  4. On Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Addams, Jane

    This book presents speeches and essays by Jane Addams, from the period between 1893 and 1930, that present a view of education as a broad process of cultural transformation and renewal, as the foundation of democracy. Among the topics presented are: (1) an exploration of some of the problems women faced upon graduating from college and returning…

  5. Educational Facilities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mostaedi, Arian

    The aim of this book is to offer a balanced overview of architects considered to be worthy representatives of this generation's building forms, and who have placed their creativity at the service of new educational establishments. It offers a selection of 19 designs in this field of architecture, illustrated with numerous photographs, plans, and…

  6. Enriching Education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    "IPO" and "education" are two different animals, but they're beginning to cohabitate in China and hopefully will procreate smarts When the Beijing-based New Oriental School's parent company went public in New York on September 7, it essentially nullified the oxymoron "rich teacher."

  7. Technocultural education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lars Løvlie

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available In this essay I try to describe the development of a traditional liberal education into a technological liberal one. I propose that we start by dropping the classical oppositions between man and animal, and man and machine; that we stop pitting morality against technology and rhetoric; and that we do away with the idea that ICT in our schools will necessarily tear the fabric of education apart. We should rather try and re-describe the idea of an unencumbered and independent self in terms of relational concepts, like the cyborg or more radically: like the self as interface. John Dewey led the way to this view a century ago, by coining the word intelligence as the name of educative interactions between man, animal and machine. The self as interface is a self of differences rather than identities. But that idea does not do away with our emplaced body, or our personal sense of self and identity. In the postmodern world, the cyborg is a migrant with the ability to interpret signs, understand symbols of power, see through rhetorical games, engage in argumentation, and in these activities partake in his or her own political education. The Internet nomad does not bode anarchy. He or she is the radically decentred subject that may well participate in Kant’s cosmopolitanism, Jürgen Habermas’ discourse ethics and Jacques Derrida’s deconstruction. – But this is to go slightly beyond the text submitted here …

  8. Education Agent

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    MINA CHOI

    2008-01-01

    @@ With 6,000 pounds in his pocket, William Vanbergen landed in Guangzhou, hoping to start a for-profit educational concern in China. The year was 2003 and he was fresh out of university. Well, almost. "While my classmates were picking up their diplomas, I was on a plane to China," said Vanbergen.

  9. EDUCATION INFORMATION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    The Grand Opening Of CEIBS’s Beijing Campus The China Europe International Business School (CEIBS), China’s first, largest and most highly ranked business school, hosted a grand opening for its new Beijing campus on April 24. More than 700 officials, executives, educators, students and journalists gathered at the gleaming new facility located within Beijing’s Zhongguancun Software Park.

  10. Contextual Education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Janani Harish

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available When the knowledge gained over centuries has to be presented to students through a 12-15 year study, it has to be abridged and organized elaborately. This process of encapsulating all knowledge into an educational course often results in fragmentation of knowledge and a mental divorce from life. Life knowledge that is reduced to objective principles may be intelligible to the intellect, but is incomprehensible to the imagination, creativity and emotional intelligence, all of which are important to the full development of personality. A study of Economics without the human and social dimensions, industrialization detached from ecology, or science devoid of moral accountability results in problems. Education of each part must be in the context of the whole. Knowing the whole context helps one get the right perspective to address the issue effectively. In the education of the future, the gap between abstract concept and social relevance must be bridged. The following article explores the need for contextual education and the ways in which it can be implemented.

  11. Marketing Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stancil, Ronald A., Sr.

    2008-01-01

    This article discusses the Marketing Education program at West Haven (CT) High School in West Haven, Connecticut, that promotes skills for life and attributes, enhances the academic program, and develops leaders out of ordinary students through an interactive curriculum. The three components of West Haven's marketing and management program are (1)…

  12. Gandhiji on Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roy, Rita, Comp.

    1974-01-01

    Compiled from Gandhi's letter, speeches, and writings, this article presents his thoughts concerning primary education achieved through the medium of village handicrafts, education of women, adult education, and higher education. (PG)

  13. Agricultural Education at Risk.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Evans, Donald E.

    1988-01-01

    Discusses educational reform in the context of agricultural education. Covers a recent report on agricultural education reform by the National Academy of Sciences, state legislative initiatives, and several recommendations for the future of agricultural education. (CH)

  14. Race-Conscious Academic Policy in Higher Education: The University of Maryland Benneker Scholars Program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allen, Walter R.; Hunt, Darnell M.; Gilbert, Derrick I. M.

    1997-01-01

    This study, which evaluates the Benjamin Banneker Scholars Program, was undertaken in response to litigation challenging the University of Maryland's right to operate a scholarship reserved exclusively for high-achieving African Americans. Using varied data sources, the study found that the Banneker scholarship program continues to be necessary as…

  15. Folk Linguistics and Language Teaching Education. A Case Study in an Italian Secondary School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santipolo, Matteo

    2016-01-01

    This paper, after shortly introducing "Folk Linguistics" by defining its domain of competence [cf. Preston, Dennis R., ed. 1999. "Handbook of Perceptual Dialectology." Amsterdam: John Benjamins; Niedzielski, Nancy A., and Dennis R. Preston. 2003. "Folk Linguistics." Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter], attempts to draw an…

  16. Between Mere Tolerance and Robust Respect: Mutuality as a Basis for Civic Education in Pluralist Democracies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosenblith, Suzanne; Bindewald, Benjamin

    2014-01-01

    This essay by Suzanne Rosenblith and Benjamin Bindewald is motivated by the question of how do those who value civic liberalism give the religiously orthodox a reason to engage in pluralist democratic deliberations in a manner that does not allow intolerance to undermine the foundations of liberal democracy. Introducing the idea of tolerance as…

  17. Between Mere Tolerance and Robust Respect: Mutuality as a Basis for Civic Education in Pluralist Democracies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosenblith, Suzanne; Bindewald, Benjamin

    2014-01-01

    This essay by Suzanne Rosenblith and Benjamin Bindewald is motivated by the question of how do those who value civic liberalism give the religiously orthodox a reason to engage in pluralist democratic deliberations in a manner that does not allow intolerance to undermine the foundations of liberal democracy. Introducing the idea of tolerance as…

  18. 76 FR 11765 - Education Research and Special Education Research Grant Programs; Institute of Education Sciences...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-03

    ... Education Research and Special Education Research Grant Programs; Institute of Education Sciences; Overview Information; Education Research and Special Education Research Grant Programs; Notice Inviting Applications... support education research and special education research. The Director takes this action under the...

  19. Contributions of the SCK.CEN Academy to education and training in nuclear science and technology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Coeck, Michele [SCK.CEN Academy, Boeretang 200, BE-2400 Mol (Belgium)

    2015-07-01

    Thanks to its thorough experience in the field of nuclear science and technology, its innovative research and the availability of large and unique nuclear installations, SCK.CEN is not only a renowned nuclear research institution, but also an important partner for nuclear education and training in Belgium as well as at international level. Within the SCK.CEN Academy, more than 60 years of nuclear expertise and experience gained from our different research projects is collected and transferred. In the interest of maintaining a competent workforce in industry, Healthcare, research, and policy, and of transferring nuclear knowledge and skills to the next generations, the SCK.CEN Academy takes it as its mission to: - provide guidance for students and early-stage researchers; - organize academic courses and customized training for professionals; - offer policy support with regard to education and training matters; - care for critical-intellectual capacities for society. Specifically in the domain of nuclear instrumentation the SCK.CEN Academy provides an opportunity to students at Bachelor, Master and PhD level to make use of the SCK.CEN infrastructure to support their thesis research or to perform an internship with the aim to improve and extend their knowledge and skills in a specific research or technical domain. Further, they can contribute to new findings in the field of nuclear instrumentation. The students are guided by our scientists, engineers and technicians who have years of experience in the relevant field. In addition, the SCK.CEN Academy contributes to traditional university education programs and delivers courses in several nuclear topics such as dosimetry. We also coordinate the Belgian Nuclear higher Engineering Network (BNEN), a one year (60 ECTS) master-after-master specialization in nuclear engineering in which 6 Belgian universities and SCK.CEN are involved. Beyond the contributions to academic education, we also provide several customized training

  20. Continuing education in health from the perspective of Augustine of Hippo.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fernandes, Fabíola Chaves; Cortez, Elaine Antunes; Laprovita, Daniel; Almeida, Lidiane Peixoto de; Ferreira, Aline Figueiredo; Corvino, Marcos Paulo Fonseca

    2017-01-01

    To reflect about continuing education from the perspective of Augustine of Hippo and his theories based on the construction of knowledge and the learning process. This is a theoretical reflection study whose aim is to propose dimensions of analysis, emphasizing the history and challenges of continuing education. Such dimensions analyze the production of knowledge in Augustinian pedagogy, its historical aspects and its close relationship with lifelong education in health professions. The results show the difficulty of continuing education to reach adequate importance in health services, and that of academia in appropriating the thoughts of renowned philosophers such as Augustine. This is a result of ignorance about the convergence of these principles and their relevance. Continuing education and Augustinian pedagogy walk hand in hand in terms of care, meeting the needs that originate from practice and that are reflected in it, challenging isolated knowledge and putting different areas of knowledge to work together. Refletir sobre a educação permanente na perspectiva de Agostinho de Hipona e suas teorias pautadas na construção do conhecimento e no processo de aprendizagem. Trata-se de uma reflexão teórica cujo intuito é propor dimensões de análise, enfatizando a história e os desafios da educação permanente. Tais dimensões analisam a produção do conhecimento na pedagogia agostiniana, seus aspectos históricos e sua relação próxima com a educação permanente em saúde. Revela a dificuldade da educação permanente em ter sua dimensão alcançada noserviço de saúde, tal qual a da academia de apropriar-se do pensamento de filósofos renomados como Agostinho, fruto do desconhecimento da convergência desses pressupostos e de sua relevância. Considera-se que a educação permanente e a pedagogia agostiniana caminham juntas no cuidar, atendendo às necessidades advindas da prática e nela refletida, confrontando os saberes isolados e com eles operando