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Sample records for renews liberal arts

  1. Renewing the Spirit of the Liberal Arts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Noddings, Nel

    2013-01-01

    The spirit of the liberal arts has been undermined by overspecialization, and it has been further damaged by the increase in emphasis on the economic purpose of education. The spirit might be renewed by using the aims of the liberal arts to develop every course we teach.

  2. The Truth about Liberal Arts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waggoner, Matt

    2015-01-01

    Skills, jobs, and even self-enrichment were not historically regarded as the ultimate goals of the liberal arts; they were byproducts. The reason liberal arts education was called "liberal" in the first place was because it was supposed to cultivate a free human being. Education on the liberal model aimed to liberate. The goal of liberal…

  3. The Truth about Liberal Arts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waggoner, Matt

    2015-01-01

    Skills, jobs, and even self-enrichment were not historically regarded as the ultimate goals of the liberal arts; they were byproducts. The reason liberal arts education was called "liberal" in the first place was because it was supposed to cultivate a free human being. Education on the liberal model aimed to liberate. The goal of liberal…

  4. The Liberal Arts and the Martial Arts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Levine, Donald N.

    1984-01-01

    Liberal arts and the martial arts are compared from the perspective that courses of training in the martial arts often constitute exemplary educational programs and are worth examining closely. Program characteristics, individual characteristics fostered by them, the relationship between liberal and utilitarian learning, and the moral…

  5. The Liberal Arts and the Martial Arts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Levine, Donald N.

    1984-01-01

    Liberal arts and the martial arts are compared from the perspective that courses of training in the martial arts often constitute exemplary educational programs and are worth examining closely. Program characteristics, individual characteristics fostered by them, the relationship between liberal and utilitarian learning, and the moral…

  6. The Landscape of the Liberal Arts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roche, Mark W.

    2013-01-01

    This chapter provides a rationale for the value of a liberal arts education, addressing briefly the recent history of the liberal arts, explaining the value of the liberal arts in diverse educational settings as opposed to simply residential liberal arts colleges, and exploring a contemporary rationale for the liberal arts.

  7. The Landscape of the Liberal Arts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roche, Mark W.

    2013-01-01

    This chapter provides a rationale for the value of a liberal arts education, addressing briefly the recent history of the liberal arts, explaining the value of the liberal arts in diverse educational settings as opposed to simply residential liberal arts colleges, and exploring a contemporary rationale for the liberal arts.

  8. "Humanitas", Metaphysics and Modern Liberal Arts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tubbs, Nigel

    2014-01-01

    There is a new myth of the heterogeneous that is reducing the concept of humanity to a sinful enlightenment. In this article I investigate the contribution that a renewed understanding of liberal arts education might offer for the idea of a humanist education and for the concept of humanity; and this at a time when not only the concept of humanity…

  9. "Humanitas", Metaphysics and Modern Liberal Arts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tubbs, Nigel

    2014-01-01

    There is a new myth of the heterogeneous that is reducing the concept of humanity to a sinful enlightenment. In this article I investigate the contribution that a renewed understanding of liberal arts education might offer for the idea of a humanist education and for the concept of humanity; and this at a time when not only the concept of humanity…

  10. The Liberal Arts at Work: Marketing the Liberal Arts to Employers in the 21st Century.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brooks, Kate S.

    2003-01-01

    This article discusses the formation of a new framework for marketing the liberal arts, supported by the marketing successes of the past and strengthened by a renewed recognition of the specific educational value and relevance of the curriculum. Highlighted are four components in developing a new marketing plan. (GCP)

  11. Mathematics for the liberal arts

    CERN Document Server

    Bindner, Donald; Hemmeter, Joe

    2014-01-01

    Presents a clear bridge between mathematics and the liberal arts Mathematics for the Liberal Arts provides a comprehensible and precise introduction to modern mathematics intertwined with the history of mathematical discoveries. The book discusses mathematical ideas in the context of the unfolding story of human thought and highlights the application of mathematics in everyday life. Divided into two parts, Mathematics for the Liberal Arts first traces the history of mathematics from the ancient world to the Middle Ages, then moves on to the Renaissance and finishes with the development of modern mathematics. In the second part, the book explores major topics of calculus and number theory, including problem-solving techniques and real-world applications. This book emphasizes learning through doing, presents a practical approach, and features: A detailed explanation of why mathematical principles are true and how the mathematical processes workNumerous figures and diagrams as well as hundreds of worked example...

  12. Keeping the Liberal in Liberal Arts Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nagelsen, Susan

    2014-01-01

    The word "liberal" derives from the Latin "liber," meaning "free," and describes a mind unencumbered by either prejudice or indoctrination. The adjective "liberal," however, has become, at least in some circles, synonymous with anti-capitalism, anti-business, and therefore anti-American. This author has…

  13. Retrenchment at Liberal Arts Colleges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Journal of the College and University Personnel Association, 1980

    1980-01-01

    Data on current retrenchment policies and practices of liberal arts colleges are reported and analyzed, including information on the existence of a retrenchment policy, retrenchment between 1974-75 and 1977-78, the retrenchment process, and the impact of retrenchment on affirmative action and employment rights and benefits. (MLW)

  14. Augustine and the Liberal Arts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kenyon, Erik

    2013-01-01

    In an early dialogue, "On Order", Augustine sets out a program for thinking about thinking. Through such reflections, students attain self-knowledge and prepare for philosophical inquiry. The liberal arts are useful for this project, insofar as they provide opportunities for thinking, yet they are not ultimately necessary. I suggest that "On…

  15. Augustine and the Liberal Arts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kenyon, Erik

    2013-01-01

    In an early dialogue, "On Order", Augustine sets out a program for thinking about thinking. Through such reflections, students attain self-knowledge and prepare for philosophical inquiry. The liberal arts are useful for this project, insofar as they provide opportunities for thinking, yet they are not ultimately necessary. I suggest that "On…

  16. Folklore and the Liberal Arts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brodie, Ian

    2012-01-01

    In this article, the author argues that the content of what folklorists study pervades all avenues of human interaction, from the food court to the lecture hall, and adverting to the seemingly negligible, interstitial, and ephemeral moments of informal communication is not only fruitful but a necessary complement to the liberal arts. These four…

  17. General Chemistry in Liberal Arts Colleges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Finholt, Albert E.

    1978-01-01

    Discusses some issues related to chemistry curricula in liberal arts colleges. Among these issues are the nature of a liberal arts curriculum, content of chemistry course, teaching methods, technological aids to teaching, use of the laboratory, and the future of general chemistry teaching in the liberal arts colleges. (HM)

  18. Computer Science and the Liberal Arts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shannon, Christine

    2010-01-01

    Computer science and the liberal arts have much to offer each other. Yet liberal arts colleges, in particular, have been slow to recognize the opportunity that the study of computer science provides for achieving the goals of a liberal education. After the precipitous drop in computer science enrollments during the first decade of this century,…

  19. Computer Science and the Liberal Arts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shannon, Christine

    2010-01-01

    Computer science and the liberal arts have much to offer each other. Yet liberal arts colleges, in particular, have been slow to recognize the opportunity that the study of computer science provides for achieving the goals of a liberal education. After the precipitous drop in computer science enrollments during the first decade of this century,…

  20. Liberal Arts: Carrier Pigeon or Albatross?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koch, Moses S.

    1977-01-01

    Liberal arts educators must direct their energies more toward defining the human condition than toward simply recreating its past glories. The liberal arts must prepare students for the future, as well as acquaint them with the past and must incorporate discussions of today's ethical concerns. (DC)

  1. Is Assessment Destroying the Liberal Arts?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Karin

    2015-01-01

    While higher education has typically included exposure to the values and ethos of the liberal arts, traditional liberal arts education has been in retreat and under threat for a while now. What role has the assessment movement had on this retreat? Is assessment, in fact, part of the deterioration of higher education? Assessment in academia began…

  2. The Liberal Arts College and Humanist Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arcilla, René V.

    2014-01-01

    What is liberal education? How do its aims differ from those of either grammar or vocational education? Does it truly deserve its own supporting institution? In response to these questions, Arcilla develops a defense of the liberal arts college. He observes that all projects of formal learning presuppose that the learner possesses answers to three…

  3. Teaching Programming to Liberal Arts Students

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Peter Bøgh; Bennedsen, Jens; Brandorff, Steffen

    2003-01-01

    In this paper we present a new learning environment to be used in an introductory programming course for studentsthat are non-majors in computer science, more precisely formultimedia students with a liberal arts background. Media-oriented programming adds new requirements to thecraft of programming...... (e.g. aesthetic and communicative).We argue that multimedia students with a liberal arts background need programming competences because programmability is the defining characteristic of the computer medium.We compare programming with the creation of traditionalmedia products and identify two...... environment for an introductory programmingcourse for multimedia students.We have designed a learning environment called Lingoland with the new skills of media programming in mind thathopefully can help alleviate the problems we have experiencedin teaching programming to liberal arts students....

  4. A Spinozist Synthesis of the Liberal Arts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fidler, Geoffrey

    2002-01-01

    Three faculty members of Concordia University in Montreal, who played integral roles in the formation of a highly successful core curriculum as part of their institution, discuss the logistics, the politics, and the philosophy behind the founding and growth of their Liberal Arts College. For Geoffrey Fidler, their program echoes Spinoza's…

  5. World History, Liberal Arts, and Global Citizenship

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watt, Carey A.

    2012-01-01

    In this article, the author investigates the role that world history might play in reshaping the liberal arts to better serve a twenty-first-century world that is increasingly interconnected, plural, and "globalized." While "Western civ" courses and perspectives are much less influential today than they were in the first seven decades of the…

  6. Musical Palindromes for Liberal Arts Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    von Renesse, Christine

    2012-01-01

    This paper shows how to teach a mathematics for liberal arts class in an inquiry-based way using ideas from music to launch the mathematical activities. No musical knowledge is required to understand and teach the material. The main activity is analyzing the differences between two kinds of rhythmic palindromes. The content is mathematically…

  7. Computer Science and the Liberal Arts: A Philosophical Examination

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walker, Henry M.; Kelemen, Charles

    2010-01-01

    This article explores the philosophy and position of the discipline of computer science within the liberal arts, based upon a discussion of the nature of computer science and a review of the characteristics of the liberal arts. A liberal arts environment provides important opportunities for undergraduate programs, but also presents important…

  8. Case Studies of Liberal Arts Computer Science Programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baldwin, D.; Brady, A.; Danyluk, A.; Adams, J.; Lawrence, A.

    2010-01-01

    Many undergraduate liberal arts institutions offer computer science majors. This article illustrates how quality computer science programs can be realized in a wide variety of liberal arts settings by describing and contrasting the actual programs at five liberal arts colleges: Williams College, Kalamazoo College, the State University of New York…

  9. Case Studies of Liberal Arts Computer Science Programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baldwin, D.; Brady, A.; Danyluk, A.; Adams, J.; Lawrence, A.

    2010-01-01

    Many undergraduate liberal arts institutions offer computer science majors. This article illustrates how quality computer science programs can be realized in a wide variety of liberal arts settings by describing and contrasting the actual programs at five liberal arts colleges: Williams College, Kalamazoo College, the State University of New York…

  10. Computer Science and the Liberal Arts: A Philosophical Examination

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walker, Henry M.; Kelemen, Charles

    2010-01-01

    This article explores the philosophy and position of the discipline of computer science within the liberal arts, based upon a discussion of the nature of computer science and a review of the characteristics of the liberal arts. A liberal arts environment provides important opportunities for undergraduate programs, but also presents important…

  11. The Opinions of Liberal Arts Professors about the Teacher Education System (An Example of Uludag University, Liberal Arts Faculty)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yuksel, Sedat

    2011-01-01

    The place of liberal arts faculties in teacher education is a much debated topic. After the 1980s, liberal arts faculties are more involved in teacher education. The purpose of this study is to determine the opinions of those professors working at liberal art faculties about the teacher education system. This research is a case study in which…

  12. MACTLAC—Supporting Liberal Arts Chemistry Faculty

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muyskens, Mark

    2002-06-01

    This association report describes the Midwestern Association of Chemistry Teachers in Liberal Arts Colleges, or MACTLAC. The unique service of this organization is that it provides a forum for discussing issues related to teaching chemistry and the support of chemistry teachers through networking with colleagues from different colleges. The association serves chemistry teachers at private liberal arts colleges in seven Midwestern states—Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, and Wisconsin. The primary function of the organization is to arrange for a single, high quality meeting per year. It also provides a placement service, and accomplishes some activities through ad hoc committees. A brief description of the organizational structure and its annual meeting is given.

  13. Frontline: the liberal arts of psychoanalysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fradenburg, Aranye

    2011-01-01

    In terms of process, psychoanalysis is more closely related to the disciplines of the arts and humanities than those of the sciences, however much the latter have contributed to our knowledge of the mind and our discussions of technique. Will we, accordingly, assert our support for liberal arts education, at a time when it is under unprecedented attack? Neuroscience has made remarkable strides in establishing the importance of artistic and humanist training to the plasticity and connectedness of mental functioning. But these discoveries have sadly done nothing to protect the academic disciplines of the arts and humanities from budget cuts and closings. It is as if contemporary boosters of technical and scientific education had no interest in, or knew nothing about, the new knowledge of the brain that scientists are actually producing. Will psychiatrists and psychoanalysts, for the sake of the arts and the sciences, support liberal arts education, or will we distance ourselves from it, and thus abandon the well-being of the very minds we will later be trying to tend in our offices? Is it not our responsibility to speak for the importance of thriving, since surviving depends on it?

  14. A Liberal Arts Education: Global Trends and Challenges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Logan, Jerry; Curry, Janel

    2015-01-01

    The debate about the effectiveness of the liberal arts curriculum is centuries old, but recent financial and social pressures have placed the survival of the liberal arts in the United States at even greater risk. Using Kimball's (1995) notion of the oratorical and philosophical traditions of liberal education, this article first identifies the…

  15. Liberal Arts: Leadership Education in the 21st Century

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guthrie, Kathy L.; Callahan, Kathleen

    2016-01-01

    This chapter focuses on strategies and processes that integrate leadership learning across institutions. It discusses how leadership education fits a liberal education in various institutional types and operationalizes leadership and liberal arts curricula with five competencies.

  16. Mission, Multiculturalism, and the Liberal Arts College: A Qualitative Investigation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aleman, Ana M. Martinez; Salkever, Katya

    2003-01-01

    Using qualitative methods, explored how faculty, administrators, and students at a liberal arts college understand the mission of liberal education and its relationship to their institutional goals for multicultural community. Interview data suggest that the traditional liberal educational mission of this college thwarts the development of…

  17. The Vocational-Liberal Arts Controversy: Looking Backwards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miles, Sue L.

    The liberal arts-vocational education controversy is examined in this article through a series of fictitious letters based on historical facts that present the thoughts of key educational personalities regarding the community college's role in providing vocational education and liberal arts education. Part I, which takes the form of a letter and…

  18. The Continuous Death and Resurrection of the Liberal Arts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Norman

    2016-01-01

    The death of the "liberal arts," however defined, is a motif of lament in American higher education. It became a popular leitmotif in the late nineteenth century. Over the past century, there have been heated debates about the future of the liberal arts curriculum, mostly based in a narrative of decline from a golden age just beyond the…

  19. Systems Alignment for Comprehensive Faculty Development in Liberal Arts Colleges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baker, Vicki L.; Lunsford, Laura G.; Pifer, Meghan J.

    2015-01-01

    Using an alignment framework, the authors explore faculty development initiatives in liberal arts colleges in order to understand the connection between organizational priorities and processes as connected to faculty members' stated needs. The study draws on mixed-methods data from The Initiative for Faculty Development in Liberal Arts Colleges…

  20. Leadership in the Liberal Arts: A Study of the Concerns and Job Experiences of Chief Liberal Arts Academic Officers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lynch, David M.; And Others

    Through a 1984 nationwide random sample of 371 chief liberal arts academic officers, this study examines respondents' careers and administrative behavior and their reports about the condition of the liberal arts in their institutions. The study describes grants administration, evaluation mechanisms, satisfactions and frustrations, and career…

  1. The Liberal Arts, Antidote for Atheism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heck Joel D.

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available C. S. Lewis once stated that the decline of classical learning was a contributory cause of atheism. This article explores why he made this very unusual statement, describing how Lewis saw the Classics as a literature full of gods and goddesses, providing hints of truth, giving us things to write about, and preparing for the Christian faith. Using some remarkable quotations from Virgil and Plato, Lewis demonstrated how those writers anticipated both the birth and the death of Christ. Lewis’s concept of myth, powerfully present in the Classics, shows how the Gospel story itself is a “true myth,” one with a pattern that is similar to many of the pagan myths. The personal story of Lewis himself demonstrates how the Classics, and, more broadly, the liberal arts were a testimony to the truth of God and how the Greek plays of Euripides, the philosophy of Samuel Alexander, the imagination of writer William Morris, the poetry of George Herbert, and the historical sensibility of G. K. Chesterton combined (with many other similar influences to convince Lewis that the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ were especially a “true myth,” one that happened in history, demonstrating him to be the Son of God.

  2. Astronomy, Visual Literacy, and Liberal Arts Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crider, Anthony

    2016-01-01

    With the exponentially growing amount of visual content that twenty-first century students will face throughout their lives, teaching them to respond to it with visual and information literacy skills should be a clear priority for liberal arts education. While visual literacy is more commonly covered within humanities curricula, I will argue that because astronomy is inherently a visual science, it is a fertile academic discipline for the teaching and learning of visual literacy. Astronomers, like many scientists, rely on three basic types of visuals to convey information: images, qualitative diagrams, and quantitative plots. In this talk, I will highlight classroom methods that can be used to teach students to "read" and "write" these three separate visuals. Examples of "reading" exercises include questioning the authorship and veracity of images, confronting the distorted scales of many diagrams published in astronomy textbooks, and extracting quantitative information from published plots. Examples of "writing" exercises include capturing astronomical images with smartphones, re-sketching textbook diagrams on whiteboards, and plotting data with Google Motion Charts or iPython notebooks. Students can be further pushed to synthesize these skills with end-of-semester slide presentations that incorporate relevant images, diagrams, and plots rather than relying solely on bulleted lists.

  3. Artes Illiberales? The Four Myths of Liberal Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Sullivan, Maurice

    2009-01-01

    The phrase "liberal education" has begun obliterating more precise and meaningful terms. At first the author assumed that in using it, those public intellectuals who regularly gather to redefine higher education or set benchmarks for it had merely found an abbreviated way of describing a liberal-arts education. After Jeffrey Nesteruk took the…

  4. Artes Illiberales? The Four Myths of Liberal Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Sullivan, Maurice

    2009-01-01

    The phrase "liberal education" has begun obliterating more precise and meaningful terms. At first the author assumed that in using it, those public intellectuals who regularly gather to redefine higher education or set benchmarks for it had merely found an abbreviated way of describing a liberal-arts education. After Jeffrey Nesteruk took the…

  5. Doing quantum theory at a liberal arts college

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schumacher, Benjamin

    2012-02-01

    An academic career at a liberal arts college poses some challenges for a researcher in quantum information and quantum foundations, most notably the lack of local collaborators and graduate students. Are there also complementary advantages and opportunities?

  6. Reflections on Scholarship from the Liberal Arts Academy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Myers, David G.; Waller, James E.

    1999-01-01

    Reflects on "Scholarship in Psychology" from the perspective of liberal arts college professors. Applauds features of the report's multidimensional understanding of scholarship, suggests clarifications and criticisms, and outlines ways to define faculty priorities and rewards. (SLD)

  7. Degree Depreciation: A Fait Accompli for the Liberal Arts Degree

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duplass, James A.

    1976-01-01

    The liberal arts degree will continue to lack the credibility needed to compete with professional school degrees in the job market unless a return is made to rigourous standards, subjective tests, term papers, comprehensive exams, improvement in instructional methods, and more stringent curriculum requirements for foreign language, composition,…

  8. Do Liberal Arts Colleges Exhibit Economies of Scale and Scope?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koshal, Rajindar K.; Koshal, Manjulika

    2000-01-01

    Empirically estimates a multiple-product fixed total cost function and output relationship for 295 U.S. private liberal-arts colleges. Statistical results suggest that there are economies of scale and scope in higher education. Research at such colleges is not cost-effective. (Contains 31 references.) (MLH)

  9. Job Satisfaction of Experienced Professors at a Liberal Arts College

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marston, Susan H.; Brunetti, Gerald J.

    2009-01-01

    This study examined career satisfaction among experienced professors at a moderate-sized liberal arts college and explored their motivations for staying in the profession. Experienced professors were defined as tenure-track faculty who had been teaching in higher education for at least 15 years. Data sources included the Experienced Teacher…

  10. Derrida in the University, or the Liberal Arts in Deconstruction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelly, Colm

    2012-01-01

    Derrida's account of Kant's and Schelling's writings on the origins of the modern university are interpreted to show that theoretical positions attempting to oversee and master the contemporary university find themselves destabilized or deconstructed. Two examples of contemporary attempts to install the liberal arts as the guardians and overseers…

  11. Library Budgets in the Independent Liberal Arts College.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eyman, David H.

    1979-01-01

    A study of 43 liberal arts colleges' library budgets for the first half of the 1970s is described. The combined effects of inflation and financial crunch have led to a materials v staff struggle which could result in an improper balance between these two items. (Author/MLW)

  12. Student Attrition among Women at a Liberal Arts College.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bean, John P.; Creswell, John W.

    1980-01-01

    A profile of exit prone students evolved from the application of a model of dropout among liberal arts college women. Findings indicate family responsibilities make women more likely to leave; college's perceived practical value makes women less likely to leave. (Author)

  13. Teaching International Business Law: A Liberal Arts Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    MacDonald, Diane B.; Ramaglia, Judith A.

    2004-01-01

    Integrating the liberal arts perspective in the study of international commerce allows students to examine the human side of doing business outside the U.S. and stimulates the imagination by exploring the contributions made to business practices by other cultures. This approach is one way to enrich the student learning experience and to make the…

  14. Impact of Calculus Reform in a Liberal Arts Calculus Course.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brosnan, Patricia A.; Ralley, Thomas G.

    This report describes the changes in a freshman-level calculus course that occurred as a consequence of adopting the Harvard Consortium Calculus text. The perspective is that of the lecturer. The course is intended as an introduction to calculus for liberal arts students, that is, students who will not be expected to use calculus as a mathematical…

  15. Starting an Actuarial Science Major at a Liberal Arts College

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mills, Mark A.

    2014-01-01

    The article provides details of the process of starting an actuarial science major at a small, liberal arts college. Some critique of the major is included, as well as some challenges that may be faced by others wanting to start such a major at their institution.

  16. How Broad Liberal Arts Training Produces Phd Economists: Carleton's Story

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bourne, Jenny; Grawe, Nathan D.

    2015-01-01

    Several recent studies point to strong performance in economics PhD programs of graduates from liberal arts colleges. While every undergraduate program is unique and the likelihood of selection bias combines with small sample sizes to caution against drawing strong conclusions, the authors reflect on their experience at Carleton College to…

  17. Social Choice in a Liberal Arts Mathematics Course

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelsey, Gregory A.

    2013-01-01

    I present a unit on voting theory and social choice taught as the beginning of a liberal arts mathematics course for undergraduates. In this unit, students voted on the final grade calculation formula and topics to cover during the semester and then analyzed the results using various voting systems. I believe that by allowing my students to…

  18. Bathing in Reeking Wounds: The Liberal Arts, Beauty, and War

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stimpson, Catharine R.

    2014-01-01

    A historic dialectic exists between the beautiful and the bestial. The bestial destroys the beautiful, but in a bloody miracle, the beautiful emerges from the womb of the bestial, the "terrible beauty" of which the poet W. B. Yeats wrote. The liberal arts, so often thought to dwell in a remote ivory tower, embody this dialectic. Wars and…

  19. "In Loco Communitas": Service-Learning and the Liberal Arts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schwartzman, Roy; Phelps, Greg A.

    This essay places service-learning within the liberal arts tradition of empowering others to help themselves. Such a contextualization departs from visions of the student as consumer or customer and education as a means to gain economic advantage in a competitive market. Attention then turns to how even well-intentioned service-learning projects…

  20. Starting an Actuarial Science Major at a Liberal Arts College

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mills, Mark A.

    2014-01-01

    The article provides details of the process of starting an actuarial science major at a small, liberal arts college. Some critique of the major is included, as well as some challenges that may be faced by others wanting to start such a major at their institution.

  1. Bathing in Reeking Wounds: The Liberal Arts, Beauty, and War

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stimpson, Catharine R.

    2014-01-01

    A historic dialectic exists between the beautiful and the bestial. The bestial destroys the beautiful, but in a bloody miracle, the beautiful emerges from the womb of the bestial, the "terrible beauty" of which the poet W. B. Yeats wrote. The liberal arts, so often thought to dwell in a remote ivory tower, embody this dialectic. Wars and…

  2. The Liberal Arts and Organizational Design: Cultivating for Change

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dugan, Jennifer

    2015-01-01

    What are the enduring, value-added features of small, private liberal arts colleges? Certain distinctions come to mind: broad exposure to the disciplines, focused study in the majors, and close campus interactions--all enhanced by the residential experience. However, what is (and has historically been) the value of small, private residential…

  3. Tailoring Modified Moore Method Techniques to Liberal Arts Mathematics Courses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hitchman, Theron J.; Shaw, Douglas

    2015-01-01

    Inquiry-based learning (IBL) techniques can be used in mathematics courses for non-majors, such as courses required for liberal arts majors to fulfill graduation requirements. Unique challenges are discussed, followed by adaptations of IBL techniques to overcome those challenges.

  4. Where Are They Now? Revisiting Breneman's Study of Liberal Arts Colleges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baker, Vicki L.; Baldwin, Roger G.; Makker, Sumedha

    2012-01-01

    In 1990, David Breneman asked the provocative question, are we losing our liberal arts colleges? More than twenty years later, it is time to ask Breneman's question again: in 2012, what is the position of liberal arts colleges in the landscape of American higher education? The liberal arts college, a distinctively American institution, has been a…

  5. A History of the Liberal Arts Computer Science Consortium and Its Model Curricula

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bruce, Kim B.; Cupper, Robert D.; Scot Drysdale, Robert L.

    2010-01-01

    With the support of a grant from the Sloan Foundation, nine computer scientists from liberal arts colleges came together in October, 1984 to form the Liberal Arts Computer Science Consortium (LACS) and to create a model curriculum appropriate for liberal arts colleges. Over the years the membership has grown and changed, but the focus has remained…

  6. A History of the Liberal Arts Computer Science Consortium and Its Model Curricula

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bruce, Kim B.; Cupper, Robert D.; Scot Drysdale, Robert L.

    2010-01-01

    With the support of a grant from the Sloan Foundation, nine computer scientists from liberal arts colleges came together in October, 1984 to form the Liberal Arts Computer Science Consortium (LACS) and to create a model curriculum appropriate for liberal arts colleges. Over the years the membership has grown and changed, but the focus has remained…

  7. Disability Art, Aesthetics, and Access: Creating Exhibitions in a Liberal Arts Setting

    OpenAIRE

    Jessica Cooley; Ann M. Fox

    2014-01-01

    In this essay we discuss the strategies and concepts behind two separate disability arts exhibitions we co-curated at Davidson College in 2009: RE/FORMATIONS: DISABILITY, WOMEN, AND SCULPTURE and STARING.  First, as curators who have mounted two disability arts exhibitions in the context of a small liberal arts college, we offer insights from our practical experience related to conceptualizing and producing a show focused around disability and art: its shape, funding, and display.  It is our ...

  8. Expanding the Spanish Classroom: The "Art" in Liberal Arts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Díaz, Erin M.

    2016-01-01

    Supplementing the foreign language curriculum with the incorporation of art museum visits has benefits for students, faculty, the campus art gallery, and the institution. Such a collaborative program serves to expand the classroom and complement instruction by providing learners with a new space to engage in authentic practice in the target…

  9. Liberation Theology and Liberatory Pedagogies: Renewing the Dialogue

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stenberg, Shari J.

    2006-01-01

    In this essay, the author argues that the potential for achieving the goals of critical pedagogy would be enriched if teachers had a fuller understanding of the ties between critical pedagogy and Christian liberation theology. While many are familiar with Paulo Freire's roots in Marxism, the fact that his vision of praxis and conscientization…

  10. Philosophy for Welders: Colleges Offer Innovative Humanities Curricula for Liberal Arts and Career Track Students Alike

    Science.gov (United States)

    Finkel, Ed

    2016-01-01

    Does America needs more welders and fewer philosophers? Community college humanities professors and administrators say it benefits all students, whether liberal arts or career track, to take courses in philosophy, history, political science, language arts, and other liberal arts subjects. And they're developing innovative humanities curricula to…

  11. The BCLA Minor: Business, Communication, and Liberal Arts Minor at Towson University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahin, Linda

    2008-01-01

    In this article, the author describes a cross-disciplinary minor that combines elements of business, communication, and the liberal arts. The BCLA Minor enhances employment opportunities and cultural awareness for students with majors in the Colleges of Business and Economics, Fine Arts and Communication, and Liberal Arts by integrating the…

  12. The BCLA Minor: Business, Communication, and Liberal Arts Minor at Towson University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahin, Linda

    2008-01-01

    In this article, the author describes a cross-disciplinary minor that combines elements of business, communication, and the liberal arts. The BCLA Minor enhances employment opportunities and cultural awareness for students with majors in the Colleges of Business and Economics, Fine Arts and Communication, and Liberal Arts by integrating the…

  13. Curriculum Revision in Practice: Designing a Liberal Arts Degree in Dance Professions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Risner, Doug

    2013-01-01

    Dance programs in higher education offering both professional degrees (BFA) and liberal arts degrees (BA, BS) often focus most of their energy, attention, and resources to ever-increasing BFA programs. At the same time, liberal arts programs in dance often provide the real bread and butter of program headcounts, credit hours generated, and degrees…

  14. The Impact of Information Technology Management on the Efficiency of Top Liberal Arts Colleges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eckles, James E.

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to provide administrators of liberal arts colleges with information that helps them improve their institutions' ability to graduate students. It investigates the relationship between IT and the efficiency of 35 highly ranked liberal arts colleges in graduating students. The study uses an operations research theory…

  15. Curriculum Revision in Practice: Designing a Liberal Arts Degree in Dance Professions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Risner, Doug

    2013-01-01

    Dance programs in higher education offering both professional degrees (BFA) and liberal arts degrees (BA, BS) often focus most of their energy, attention, and resources to ever-increasing BFA programs. At the same time, liberal arts programs in dance often provide the real bread and butter of program headcounts, credit hours generated, and degrees…

  16. Organizational Adaptation of Liberal Arts Colleges during the Great Recession of 2007

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hilbun, Ashlie Junot; Mamiseishvili, Ketevan

    2016-01-01

    The study we report here explored how private liberal arts colleges adapted to the Great Recession of 2007. We examined institutional changes at three private liberal arts colleges and their effects on the institutions' operations. For this multiple-case study we analyzed data from three colleges in the southeastern region of the United States;…

  17. Multiculturalism and the Liberal Arts College: Faculty Perceptions of Pedagogy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aleman, Ana M. Martinez; Salkever, Katya

    This is a qualitative study of faculty perceptions of the relationship between pedagogy, liberal education, and multiculturalism. The incompatibility of liberal education and multiculturalism ground this study along with the assertion that teaching and learning are central to the liberal education mission. Nineteen faculty members participated in…

  18. Liberalism

    OpenAIRE

    Pabst, Adrian

    2013-01-01

    Until the global economic crisis struck in 2008, liberalism was the dominant ideology of our time and undoubtedly the most influential political philosophy of the last 300 years or so. Its origins, evolution and meaning are deeply contested by liberal and non-liberal thinkers alike. Many contemporary historians and political philosophers claim that liberal thought first emerged in the late sixteenth or early seventeenth century and evolved into a distinct philosophical tradition during the Ag...

  19. Do the Study of Education and Teacher Education Belong at a Liberal Arts College?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kimball, Bruce A.

    2013-01-01

    The question whether the study of education and teacher education belong at a liberal arts college deserves careful consideration. In this essay Bruce Kimball analyzes and finds unpersuasive the three principled rationales that are most often advanced on behalf of excluding educational studies, teacher education, or both from a liberal arts…

  20. Thematic Analysis: An Empirically Derived Measure of the Effects of Liberal Arts Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Winter, David G.; McClelland, David C.

    1978-01-01

    The development and validation of the Test of Thematic Analysis (TTA) are described. The TTA measures the effects of liberal education as distinct from other kinds of education and general maturation. Scores were higher among seniors than freshmen at traditional liberal arts colleges. No significant differences were obtained at two vocationally…

  1. Thematic Analysis: An Empirically Derived Measure of the Effects of Liberal Arts Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Winter, David G.; McClelland, David C.

    1978-01-01

    The development and validation of the Test of Thematic Analysis (TTA) are described. The TTA measures the effects of liberal education as distinct from other kinds of education and general maturation. Scores were higher among seniors than freshmen at traditional liberal arts colleges. No significant differences were obtained at two vocationally…

  2. Liberal Arts, Civic Life, and the Practicality Question

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bender, Thomas

    2013-01-01

    Hyperspecialization in the disciplines and the rewards for that combined with the growing mantra for first job preparation are double threats to liberal teaching and learning. Given that circumstance, the sorts of synthetic lecture classes in the humanities and social sciences that once provided the foundations of liberal learning have evaporated.…

  3. Mentoring Undergraduates with Professional and Liberal Arts Goals: The Mass Communication Experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cohen, Jeremy

    2001-01-01

    Considers mentoring in mass communication and journalism programs, by which the dual objectives of professional and liberal arts education can be addressed by faculty recruited from the professions as well as from backgrounds of graduate education and research scholarship. (EV)

  4. Unholy Trinity? Secularism Institute Renews Liberal Arts Curriculum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keysar, Ariela

    2010-01-01

    Secularism is controversial in today's political debates, championed by some and vilified by others. So when Trinity College in Hartford, Conn., opened a center for the study of secularism in September 2005, some people worried that it could become a source of friction on campus--yet another battleground in the culture wars that are wreaking havoc…

  5. The revised Appreciation of the Liberal Arts Scale (ALAS-R: Development, reliability and validity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Howard Malcolm Reid

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Three studies were conducted to develop and evaluate an Appreciation of the Liberal Arts Scale. The final 24-item revision (ALAS-R was reliable (α = .86. Students who had a greater appreciation of the liberal arts were less materialistic, had greater life satisfaction, had greater ability to defer gratification, and reported greater openness to experiences, leadership, wisdom, and judgment. In addition, ALAS-R scores were predictably related to students’ choice of academic major, with Arts and Humanities majors scoring higher. This scale has the potential to contribute to prediction of student retention and major, as well as the assessment of a dimension of college student development.

  6. No Experience Necessary: A Guide to Employment for the Female Liberal Arts Graduate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Friedman, Sande; Schwartz, Lois C.

    A guide for beginning employment for female liberal arts graduates (referred to as FLAGs), this book describes 14 fields found to be presently most accessible to FLAGs without advanced degrees: advertising, the art world, banking and finance, book publishing, computer programing, fashion (and beauty), films, Government, magazine and newspaper…

  7. Using Photographs to Integrate Liberal Arts Learning in Business Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Madden, Laura T.; Smith, Anne D.

    2015-01-01

    The inclusion of photographic approaches in the business classroom can incorporate missing elements of liberal education into business education, which were highlighted in a recent Carnegie study of undergraduate business education. Building on photographic methods in social science research, we identify three categories of photographic approaches…

  8. Using Photographs to Integrate Liberal Arts Learning in Business Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Madden, Laura T.; Smith, Anne D.

    2015-01-01

    The inclusion of photographic approaches in the business classroom can incorporate missing elements of liberal education into business education, which were highlighted in a recent Carnegie study of undergraduate business education. Building on photographic methods in social science research, we identify three categories of photographic approaches…

  9. Promoting Liberal Arts Thinking through Online Discussion: A Practical Application and its Theoretical Basis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr. Dave S. Knowlton

    2002-07-01

    Full Text Available Addressing Carsten and Worsfold's (2000 assertion that online learning eliminates the possibility for "liberal learning," the author of this paper describes the context and guidelines for an online discussion assignment that he used as a faculty member at a liberal arts college. The purpose of this assignment was to help students engage in personal development by examining the ways course content manifested itself in their own lives. After describing the assignment guidelines, the author connects the assignment to numerous theories that are often associated with "liberal arts" learning. This theoretical explication includes connections to the need for a synthesis between the personal and professional selves, notions of constructing knowledge, and online discussion's placement within the writing process. The implication of this article is that the instructional strategies embedded in an online discussion, not the online environment itself, sustains a liberal education.

  10. Attitudes toward gay, lesbian, and bisexual persons among heterosexual liberal arts college students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hinrichs, Donald W; Rosenberg, Pamela J

    2002-01-01

    This research focuses on attitudes toward homosexuals and homosexuality among 692 heterosexual students at six liberal arts colleges. Attitudes, assessed in a variety of ways, are examined in relation to students' Greek affiliation, sex role attitudes, religion and religiosity, and contact with and knowledge of gays, lesbians, and bisexuals. Results suggest that attributes predicting acceptance of gay, lesbian, and bisexual persons are female sex, liberal sex-role attitudes, lower religiosity as measured both by beliefs and by attendance, membership in more liberal Protestant denominations, attendance at colleges that do not have Greek letter social organizations, and having positive contacts with gay, lesbian, and/or bisexual persons.

  11. Robotic Design Studio: Exploring the Big Ideas of Engineering in a Liberal Arts Environment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turbak, Franklyn; Berg, Robbie

    2002-01-01

    Suggests that it is important to introduce liberal arts students to the essence of engineering. Describes Robotic Design Studio, a course in which students learn how to design, assemble, and program robots made out of LEGO parts, sensors, motors, and small embedded computers. Represents an alternative vision of how robot design can be used to…

  12. "Religion Is Not a Monolith": Religious Experience at a Midwestern Liberal Arts College

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lane, Amy M.; Allis, Sarah; Allman, Nicole; Pettys, Alicia; Quinlan, Meredith; Seifert, Britta

    2013-01-01

    This ethnographic project explored the extent to which the campus culture at a small liberal arts college was open to student experiences and expressions of the spiritual and the religious. The authors found that despite the college's reputation for valuing diversity and a commitment to social justice, students shared a narrative of religious…

  13. Heroes and Holidays: The Status of Diversity Initiatives at Liberal Arts College Libraries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gilbert, Julie

    2016-01-01

    Studies about diversity initiatives in academic libraries have primarily focused on large research libraries. But what kinds of diversity work occur at smaller libraries? This study examines the status of diversity initiatives, especially those aimed at students, at national liberal arts college libraries. Results from a survey of library…

  14. Understanding Instructor Nonverbal Immediacy, Verbal Immediacy, and Student Motivation at a Small Liberal Arts University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Furlich, Stephen A.

    2016-01-01

    Instructor communication behaviors and student motivation to learn relationships were studied at a small liberal arts university. Specifically, relationships between instructor nonverbal immediacy, verbal immediacy behaviors and student motivation to learn were measured. Only instructor verbal immediacy behaviors had a significant linear…

  15. Gender Differences in Promotion Experiences at Two Elite Private Liberal Arts Colleges in the United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berheide, Catherine White; Christenson, Lisa; Linden, Rena; Bray, Una

    2013-01-01

    In colleges and universities throughout the United States, women are underrepresented at the rank of full professor. This national pattern holds true at two highly selective small private liberal arts colleges in the Northeast, one formerly a men's college and the other formerly a women's college. Analysis of personnel data at the former women's…

  16. Robotic Design Studio: Exploring the Big Ideas of Engineering in a Liberal Arts Environment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turbak, Franklyn; Berg, Robbie

    2002-01-01

    Suggests that it is important to introduce liberal arts students to the essence of engineering. Describes Robotic Design Studio, a course in which students learn how to design, assemble, and program robots made out of LEGO parts, sensors, motors, and small embedded computers. Represents an alternative vision of how robot design can be used to…

  17. Putting a Human Face on Chemistry: A Project for Liberal Arts Chemistry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kriz, George; Popejoy, Kate

    A collaborative project in liberal arts chemistry, involving faculty in chemistry and science education, is described. The project includes various components: an introductory test (DAST) to examine students' perceptions of scientists, a group library research exercise, oral and written presentation of the results of the library research, a…

  18. An Exploration of Complimentary Factors in Career and Student Development in the Liberal Arts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luke, Chad; Diambra, Joel F.; Gibbons, Melinda

    2014-01-01

    This study explored factors associated with both career and student development, and with persistence decisions. Findings revealed differences in which students perceived their abilities, responsibilities, adaptability, and connections between academics and vocation among those at a liberal arts college who intended to return to the institution…

  19. Public Platitudes and Hidden Tensions: Racial Climates at Predominantly White Liberal Arts Colleges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McClelland, Katherine E.

    1990-01-01

    Theories of intergroup attitudes suggest that the period of relative calm on college campuses was only superficial. Theories are supported by a study of a "quiet" predominantly White liberal arts college. Findings indicate significant differences between Blacks and Whites on a variety of measures of interracial attitudes and interaction patterns.…

  20. Limits of Infinite Processes for Liberal Arts Majors: Two Classic Examples

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jorgensen, Theresa A.; Shipman, Barbara A.

    2012-01-01

    This paper presents guided classroom activities that showcase two classic problems in which a finite limit exists and where there is a certain charm to engage liberal arts majors. The two scenarios build solely on students' existing knowledge of number systems and harness potential misconceptions about limits and infinity to guide their thinking.…

  1. Selling Students on the Character of Liberal Arts: A Benefit of Worldview Awareness in Education?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Newell, Ted

    2012-01-01

    Emile Durkheim, the sociologist and education professor, said that the personality developed by a form of literary study was contrary to genuinely Christian character. Provoked by this insight, the author explores whether a Christian university's reliance on classical liberal arts education might be working against its desires for the character of…

  2. The Liberal Arts and Environmental Awareness: Exploring Endorsement of an Environmental Worldview in College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rideout, Bruce E.

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this research was to explore student endorsement of an environmental worldview during the college years through a sampling of freshmen and seniors. Nine independent samples of freshman and senior class undergraduates (N = 779) were surveyed over a five year period in a small, independent liberal arts college. The survey instrument…

  3. Moving beyond Solving for "x": Teaching Abstract Algebra in a Liberal Arts Mathematics Course

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cook, John Paul

    2015-01-01

    This paper details an inquiry-based approach for teaching the basic notions of rings and fields to liberal arts mathematics students. The task sequence seeks to encourage students to identify and comprehend core concepts of introductory abstract algebra by thinking like mathematicians; that is, by investigating an open-ended mathematical context,…

  4. Adapting to a Computer-Oriented Society: The Leadership Role of Business and Liberal Arts Faculties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Gorman, David E.

    The need for higher education to take a proactive rather than a reactive stance in dealing with the impact of the computer is considered. The field of computerized video technology is briefly discussed. It is suggested that disparate groups such as the liberal arts and business faculties should cooperate to maximize the use of computer technology.…

  5. Music Teacher Education at a Liberal Arts College: Perspectives across Campus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Edgar, Scott N.

    2016-01-01

    In 2012, a committee at a small Midwestern liberal arts college, Lake Forest College, embarked on a journey to create a music education teacher licensure major. Drawing from narrative inquiry, this article reports how the dean of faculty, education department chair, music department chair, and assistant professor of music/music education…

  6. Integrating Undergraduate Peer Mentors into Liberal Arts Courses: A Pilot Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Tania

    2008-01-01

    This article presents research and narratives on the integration of course-based peer learning assistants into seven courses. A new curricular peer mentoring program was piloted in the 2005-2006 academic year in an interdisciplinary liberal arts college at a large Canadian research university. Undergraduate students enrolled in a practicum course…

  7. Use of Primary Source Readings in Psychology Courses at Liberal Arts Colleges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oldenburg, Christopher M.

    2005-01-01

    This study examined how frequently psychology professors at liberal arts colleges assign primary source readings. Professors provided information on 576 courses. Frequent use of primary sources suggests that professors view such readings as a valuable component of the psychology curriculum. Professors assigned primary source material in 70.8% of…

  8. Education or Reputation? A Look at America's Top-Ranked Liberal Arts Colleges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poliakoff, Michael; Alacbay, Armand

    2014-01-01

    ACTA [American Council of Trustees and Alumni] today released a report that examines the country's most prestigious liberal arts colleges. Despite endowments soaring as high as $1.8 billion, nearly all institutions increased tuition during the Great Recession to finance bloated administrative spending, with many college presidents enjoying…

  9. Dialogue-Based Activities and Manipulatives to Engage Liberal Arts Majors in Mathematics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Price, James C.

    2015-01-01

    This article presents four inquiry-based learning activities developed for a liberal arts math course. The activities cover four topics: the Pythagorean theorem, interest theory, optimization, and the Monty Hall problem. Each activity consists of a dialogue, with a theme and characters related to the topic, and a manipulative, that allow students…

  10. Balancing Structure and Creativity in Culminating Projects for Liberal Arts Mathematics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kasman, Reva

    2014-01-01

    Liberal arts mathematics courses can provide non-majors the opportunity to connect mathematical topics with areas of personal interest. This article describes two end-of-unit writing assignments (on voting and graph theory) that have been structured so that each student is able to synthesize course material in a unique way, while ensuring a…

  11. Moving beyond Solving for "x": Teaching Abstract Algebra in a Liberal Arts Mathematics Course

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cook, John Paul

    2015-01-01

    This paper details an inquiry-based approach for teaching the basic notions of rings and fields to liberal arts mathematics students. The task sequence seeks to encourage students to identify and comprehend core concepts of introductory abstract algebra by thinking like mathematicians; that is, by investigating an open-ended mathematical context,…

  12. Public Platitudes and Hidden Tensions: Racial Climates at Predominantly White Liberal Arts Colleges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McClelland, Katherine E.

    1990-01-01

    Theories of intergroup attitudes suggest that the period of relative calm on college campuses was only superficial. Theories are supported by a study of a "quiet" predominantly White liberal arts college. Findings indicate significant differences between Blacks and Whites on a variety of measures of interracial attitudes and interaction patterns.…

  13. CURRICULUM: A Chemical Engineering Course for Liberal Arts Students--Indigo: A World of Blues

    Science.gov (United States)

    Piergiovanni, Polly R.

    2012-01-01

    Sophomore liberal arts and engineering students enrolled in a course to learn and practice some basic chemical engineering side by side. The course was developed around the theme of indigo dyeing, which has an interesting history, fascinating chemistry and is accessible to all students. The students participated in a variety of active learning…

  14. Liberal Arts Colleges in American Higher Education: Challenges and Opportunities. ACLS Occasional Paper, No. 59

    Science.gov (United States)

    American Council of Learned Societies, 2005

    2005-01-01

    This American Council of Learned Societies (ACLS) Occasional Paper presents the proceedings of a conference on "Liberal Arts Colleges in American Higher Education: Challenges and Opportunities" convened by ACLS in November 2003 in Williamstown, Massachusetts with the support of the Oakley Center for the Humanities and Social Sciences at…

  15. Evolution in Progress: PME Development in a Small Liberal Arts College

    Science.gov (United States)

    Evancoe, Donna Clark

    1980-01-01

    The experience of a small liberal arts college in trying to develop a usable and understandable planning, management, and evaluation (PME) system is described. PME tasks in small colleges center upon selecting starting points, demonstrating how different procedures can facilitate operations and decision making, and educating people. (Author/MLW)

  16. Liberal Arts in China's Modern Universities: Lessons from the Great Catholic Educator and Statesman, Ma Xiangbo

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiang, You Guo

    2012-01-01

    Ma Xiangbo was born in 1840 and became a pioneer of educational reform during the republican period. He was responsible for introducing the idea that science and humanities should be valued equally in liberal arts education, a concept that became key to the model of university education. Ma's view of education combined Western humanism and science…

  17. Selling Students on the Character of Liberal Arts: A Benefit of Worldview Awareness in Education?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Newell, Ted

    2012-01-01

    Emile Durkheim, the sociologist and education professor, said that the personality developed by a form of literary study was contrary to genuinely Christian character. Provoked by this insight, the author explores whether a Christian university's reliance on classical liberal arts education might be working against its desires for the character of…

  18. A Study of the Effectiveness of Learning Communities at a Small Liberal Arts College

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watkins, Paul David

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to determine the effectiveness of the learning community program at a small liberal arts college on educational outcomes as measured by differences in semester GPA between learning community participants and non-participants, as well as differences between types of learning communities, time of participation in…

  19. Liberal Arts Skills, Psychology Baccalaureates, and First-Year Employment: Notes on a Meritocracy Hypothesis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rajecki, D. W.; Borden, Victor M. H.

    2010-01-01

    Selections from the career counseling literature indicated that the undergraduate psychology curriculum is a potential source of generic liberal arts skills--for example, numeracy, literacy, critical thinking--said to be useful to baccalaureates entering the workforce. A "meritocracy hypothesis" stated that psychology and other liberal…

  20. A Distinctive Vision for the Liberal Arts: General Education and the Flourishing of Christian Higher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wells, Cynthia A.

    2016-01-01

    This article argues that a coherent and inspired general education program, infused with a deliberate vision of the liberal arts, is crucial to the flourishing of Christian higher education. This article begins by describing the context and status of general education, emphasizing how this element of the educational program falls short in…

  1. CURRICULUM: A Chemical Engineering Course for Liberal Arts Students--Indigo: A World of Blues

    Science.gov (United States)

    Piergiovanni, Polly R.

    2012-01-01

    Sophomore liberal arts and engineering students enrolled in a course to learn and practice some basic chemical engineering side by side. The course was developed around the theme of indigo dyeing, which has an interesting history, fascinating chemistry and is accessible to all students. The students participated in a variety of active learning…

  2. An excellence initiative in liberal arts and science education: the case of Amsterdam University College

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wende, van der Marijk; Wang, Q; Cheng, Y.

    2013-01-01

    Amsterdam University College (AUC) was established in 2009 as an excellence initiative jointly undertaken by the University of Amsterdam (UvA) and VU University Amsterdam (VU). AUC is a selective and residential honours college that offers an international liberal arts and sciences bachelor programm

  3. Will the Liberal Arts Survive the Bronze Age of American Academe?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kimball, Bruce A.

    2015-01-01

    Kimball begins this essay by comparing the start of the "golden age" of liberal arts education as the period between about 1950 and 1975 when American higher education's revenue and enrollments of colleges and universities grew enormously. During the subsequent silver age of academe, ending in the Great Recession of 2008-2009,…

  4. Playing Games in Logic and Reasoning in Liberal Arts Mathematics and Getting Students' Work Published

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garrison, Laura A.

    2005-01-01

    This paper describes two classroom activities and a project that supplement a Liberal Arts Mathematics course's coverage of logic and reasoning. The first classroom activity introduces the writing of inductive and deductive arguments, and the second activity involves analyzing a guest speaker's arguments. The project consists of using logic and…

  5. The Sources and Uses of Annual Giving at Selective Private Research Universities and Liberal Arts Colleges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ehrenberg. R. G.; Smith, C. L.

    2003-01-01

    Econometric analysis uses data from a panel of selected private research universities and liberal-arts colleges that span a 31-year period to provide explanations for differences across institutions in the sources and uses of giving. Finds, for example, that richer institutions devote a larger share of their annual giving to further building their…

  6. Feedback Practices and Signature Pedagogies: What Can the Liberal Arts Learn from the Design Critique?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schrand, Tom; Eliason, John

    2012-01-01

    To examine the differences between feedback practices in liberal arts courses and in design courses, we surveyed 373 students with experiences of both. Our study found that students perceived the feedback they received in design courses as more effective in advancing their learning, and that the emotional effects of feedback presented verbally and…

  7. Intellectual Curiosity in Action: A Framework to Assess First-Year Seminars in Liberal Arts Settings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kolb, Kenneth H.; Longest, Kyle C.; Barnett, Jenna C.

    2014-01-01

    Fostering students' intellectual curiosity is a common goal of first-year seminar programs--especially in liberal arts settings. The authors propose an alternative method to assess this ambiguous, value-laden concept. Relying on data gathered from pre- and posttest in-depth interviews of 34 students enrolled in first-year seminars, they construct…

  8. Faculty Challenges across Rank in Liberal Arts Colleges: A Human Resources Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baker, Vicki L.; Pifer, Meghan J.; Lunsford, Laura G.

    2016-01-01

    This article focuses on the challenges faced by faculty members in a consortium of 13 Liberal Arts Colleges (LACs). We present findings, by academic rank, from a mixed-methods study of faculty development needs and experiences within the consortium. Relying on human resource principles, we advocate a greater focus on the development of the person,…

  9. A mathematics sampler topics for the liberal arts

    CERN Document Server

    Berlinghoff, William P; Skrien, Dale

    2001-01-01

    Now in its fifth edition, A Mathematics Sampler presents mathematics as both science and art, focusing on the historical role of mathematics in our culture. It uses selected topics from modern mathematics-including computers, perfect numbers, and four-dimensional geometry-to exemplify the distinctive features of mathematics as an intellectual endeavor, a problem-solving tool, and a way of thinking about the rapidly changing world in which we live. A Mathematics Sampler also includes unique LINK sections throughout the book, each of which connects mathematical concepts with areas of interest th

  10. Digital Image Collections for Asian Religion and Art History in a Small-Sized Liberal Arts College

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    May Chang

    2002-10-01

    Full Text Available

    頁次:6-15

    This paper reviews the establishment of a digital image library from 35mm slides to support faculty and student needs in a small-sized liberal arts college. The framework consists of central local resources, distributed faculty collections, and external resources. Standards and guidelines for digital preservation and access are also discussed. The pilot collections were multi-disciplinary resources in Middle East art and architecture and faculty slide collections in East Asian religions and Asian art history. Technical and management issues of integrating digital technology in the traditional slide library are also discussed.

  11. Epidemiology as a liberal art: from graduate school to middle school, an unfulfilled agenda.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bracken, Michael B

    2014-03-01

    Calls by Lilienfeld, Fraser, and others some three decades ago to introduce epidemiology into undergraduate college education remain largely unfulfilled. Consideration of epidemiology as a "liberal art" has also led to exploring possibilities for introducing epidemiology into early education: to high and even middle schools. Adding epidemiology to school curricula should help educate the public to understand science-based evidence concerning the causes and treatments of disease, help inoculate them against a tsunami of biased and fraudulent media messaging, and permit advancing postgraduate education in epidemiology to even higher levels of scholarship.

  12. Introductory Geology From the Liberal Arts Approach: A Geology-Sociology Linked Course

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walsh, E. O.; Davis, E.

    2008-12-01

    Geology can be a hard sell to college students, especially to college students attending small, liberal arts institutions in localities that lack exaggerated topography. At these schools, Geology departments that wish to grow must work diligently to attract students to the major; professors must be able to convince a wider audience of students that geology is relevant to their everyday lives. Toward this end, a Physical Geology course was linked with an introductory Sociology course through the common theme of Consumption. The same students took the two courses in sequence, beginning with the Sociology course and ending with Physical Geology; thus, students began by discussing the role of consumption in society and ended by learning about the geological processes and implications of consumption. Students were able to ascertain the importance of geology in their daily lives by connecting Earth processes to specific products they consume, such as cell phones and bottled water. Students were also able to see the connection between seemingly disparate fields of study, which is a major goal of the liberal arts. As a theme, Consumption worked well to grab the attention of students interested in diverse issues, such as environmental science or social justice. A one-hour lecture illustrating the link between sociology and geology was developed for presentation to incoming freshmen and their parents to advertise the course. Initial response has been positive, showing an increase in awareness of geological processes among students with a wide range of interests.

  13. Female science faculty in liberal arts colleges and research universities: A case study of building careers

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCartney, Kerry Michelle

    2001-07-01

    This study investigates the lives of twelve female science faculty in higher education, in both the Liberal Arts College and the Research University environments. The study focuses on two areas---the gender issue and women's positive experiences in being science faculty. The methods used are qualitative, including interviews and self-esteem, achievement-motivation, and self-descriptive word ranking scales, which were used to determine success and determination to understand the desire to continue in the field of academic science. The central findings of the study focused on the rampant gender and sexual discrimination that was apparent at the Liberal Arts College science department, and the desire to balance a family with a career. The common misperception that a woman cannot be an academic science and have a family appeared to have troubled most of the subjects in the study. It appeared that the support of a spouse and family are two factors that have led to the continuation of the majority of the women to want to remain in academic science. The issue of gender touched on the lack of financial compensation among some of the female science faculty in the study, as well as the need for more institutional and structural support for human relations within the science departments.

  14. An Island Studies Course at a Liberal Arts Institution: Pedagogy from a Natural History Perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Sunderlin

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available An intellectual treatment of islands and isolation lends itself to a foundation in a liberal arts education. The introductory undergraduate course on island studies can serve as a topical platform on which to develop critical thinking, research, analytical, and creative thinking skills for beginning college students. The paper analyzes the natural history perspective in island studies and its methods of inquiry as pedagogical strategies that enhance the development of academic curiosity. The success of this approach to early undergraduate education is documented in traditional assessment and the direction that student-driven inquiry followed throughout the course. A course in island studies is a natural fit into progressive curriculum design strategies that are currently under development at many colleges and universities.

  15. Teaching Java programming to media students with a liberal arts background

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bennedsen, Jens

    2003-01-01

    During the last years we have developed a curriculum in Multimedia for students with a liberal arts background. In this curriculum we have had several different programming courses. These programming courses have had different problems – especially with the formalism in the courses. We thought we...... knew what the problem was: Lack of motivation. The students considered here consist of students to whom programming is not a primary interest and many are prejudicial against programming. We were mistaken, it was not a motivation problem. We designed a questionnaire to find the students’ attitude...... towards programming, and it is much more positive, but they expect that it is very difficult. We present the results of the questionnaire and interpretation of the different parts of the questionnaire leading to a new curriculum for the programming course and the criteria’s for its design given...

  16. The first year as a neophyte RSO at a liberal arts college.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sowa, J R

    1999-11-01

    Union College is a small liberal arts college in the northeast with a good reputation in science. It is also one of the oldest schools in the nation, having been founded in 1795. Langmuir and Steinmetz taught here as did Chandler, the founder of the American Chemical Society and Ellery, one of the longest tenured Secretaries of Sigma Xi. Arthur and Carter became U.S. Presidents. We claim a Nobel Prize winner, the inventor of transistors, the person who developed the methods for producing quartz crystals and fiber optics. The presidents of du Pont and Kodak attended Union College. We are referred to as the "Mother of Fraternities," and we had the first radio station on a college campus (although not through the airways). Still, until recently, our reputation has been less than admirable among radiation safety experts. This article highlights some of the experiences of a new RSO at this well-acknowledged institution.

  17. A Case Study of Liberal Arts Colleges in the 21st Century: Understanding Organizational Change and Evolution in Higher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baker, Vicki L.; Baldwin, Roger G.

    2015-01-01

    We draw upon the evolutionary model of change in order to examine the organizational transformation of three liberal arts colleges (Albion College, Allegheny College, Kenyon College). Relying on our prior research (Baker, Baldwin, & Makker, 2012), we seek to continue our exploration and understanding of the evolution occurring in the important…

  18. Student Retention and First-Year Programs: A Comparison of Students in Liberal Arts Colleges in the Mountain South

    Science.gov (United States)

    Howard, Jeff S.

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the association between the retention rate and 9 first-year student programs at Liberal Arts Colleges in the Mountain South, a region in the southern Appalachian Mountains of the United States. Nine first-year programs were studied: Summer Bridge Programs, Preterm Orientation, Outdoor Adventure Orientation,…

  19. A Study of the Integrated Alignment of Technology and Organizational Strategic Planning in Small Private Liberal Arts Colleges and Universities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schneider, Sheree A.

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between technology planning and strategic planning in small private liberal arts colleges and universities that were members of the Appalachian College Association (ACA). The objective of the study was to determine if the technology initiatives were appropriately aligned to the…

  20. Designing and Incorporating Green Chemistry Courses at a Liberal Arts College to Increase Students' Awareness and Interdisciplinary Collaborative Work

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manchanayakage, Renuka

    2013-01-01

    Two green chemistry courses have been introduced into the liberal arts curriculum at Susquehanna University. Green chemistry was integrated into an existing course, Chemical Concepts, and offered as Green Chemical Concepts for nonscience majors. This course is designed to instill an appreciation for green chemistry in a large and diverse group of…

  1. Using the Internal Rate of Return Method to Consider the Potential Degree Offerings of a Liberal Arts College

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doss, D. Adrian; Troxel, Stacy; Sumrall, Bill

    2010-01-01

    This paper considered the case of a liberal arts institution of higher learning that is hoping to improve its market competitiveness through the addition of either a graduate certificate program in human resources or the addition of a full graduate degree in human resources. An examination of internal rate of return financial value capital…

  2. Identities, Intentionality and Institutional Fit: Perceptions of Senior Women Administrators at Liberal Arts Colleges in the Upper Midwestern Usa

    Science.gov (United States)

    Enke, Kathryn A. E.

    2014-01-01

    This qualitative study engaged women senior administrators at liberal arts colleges in the Upper Midwestern USA to better understand how their intersecting identities mediate their enacted leadership. Data were collected from eight participants via a questionnaire, document review, one-on-one interviews and observations. Positionality theory…

  3. Conceptions of Power among Senior Women Administrators at Liberal Arts Colleges in the Upper Midwestern United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    Enke, Kathryn

    2014-01-01

    Women are underrepresented in senior-level leadership positions in higher education institutions, and their experiences are underrepresented in research about leadership and power in higher education. This qualitative study engaged women senior administrators at liberal arts colleges in the Upper Midwestern United States to better understand how…

  4. Identities, Intentionality and Institutional Fit: Perceptions of Senior Women Administrators at Liberal Arts Colleges in the Upper Midwestern Usa

    Science.gov (United States)

    Enke, Kathryn A. E.

    2014-01-01

    This qualitative study engaged women senior administrators at liberal arts colleges in the Upper Midwestern USA to better understand how their intersecting identities mediate their enacted leadership. Data were collected from eight participants via a questionnaire, document review, one-on-one interviews and observations. Positionality theory…

  5. Liberal Arts Colleges in the Tumultuous 1940s: Institutional Identity and the Challenges of War and Peace

    Science.gov (United States)

    Humphrey, Jordan R.

    2010-01-01

    This dissertation examines the experiences of four private, liberal arts colleges--Dartmouth College, Earlham College, Franklin & Marshall College, and Swarthmore College--before, during, and after World War II to identify the adaptive policies implemented to meet the challenges that accompanied the war and its aftermath. Identification of these…

  6. How Colleges Evaluate Professors. Current Policies and Practices in Evaluating Classroom Teaching Performance in Liberal Arts Colleges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seldin, Peter

    Much has occurred in higher education to lead to expectation for change in the process of evaluation. The academic deans of all accredited private liberal arts colleges were asked to report on the procedures used in rating both overall and teaching performance, with 83.5 percent replying. Purposes of the questionnaire were to: (1) determine the…

  7. AIDP and PME: The Magnitude of Their Impact on a Small Private Liberal Arts College. SAIR Conference Paper.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pruitt, William N., Jr.

    The development of a Planning, Management, and Evaluation (PME) system at Voorhees College, is described. The project at the small, liberal arts college was supported by an Advanced Institutional Development Program (AIDP) grant. Primary objectives were to decrease the responsibility of the college's chief officer and to upgrade the academic…

  8. Designing and Incorporating Green Chemistry Courses at a Liberal Arts College to Increase Students' Awareness and Interdisciplinary Collaborative Work

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manchanayakage, Renuka

    2013-01-01

    Two green chemistry courses have been introduced into the liberal arts curriculum at Susquehanna University. Green chemistry was integrated into an existing course, Chemical Concepts, and offered as Green Chemical Concepts for nonscience majors. This course is designed to instill an appreciation for green chemistry in a large and diverse group of…

  9. Exploring the Convergence of the Liberal Arts Model and the Ecuadorian Culture in a Latin American University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santana Paredes, Matias

    2013-01-01

    The replication of the U.S. cultural models in business and social organizations is a common practice in Latin America. In Ecuador, a university operates under the liberal arts model, understanding it as a replication of an U.S. cultural model, in an environment where the Ecuadorian cultural beliefs and values constitute the national cultural…

  10. Multiculturalism and the American Liberal Arts College: Faculty Perceptions of the Role of Pedagogy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aleman, Ana M. Martinez; Salkever, Katya

    2004-01-01

    The incompatibility of American liberal education and multiculturalism ground this qualitative study. Given this assertion and that teaching and learning is central to the liberal educational mission, we explore faculty perceptions of the relationship between multiculturalism and liberal educational pedagogy. The findings of this study suggest…

  11. Connotation of "comprehensive liberal arts" and construction of comprehensive liberal arts practical curriculum system%“文科综合”的内涵与文科综合实践课程体系建设

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张宝秀; 朱科蓉

    2013-01-01

    Comprehensive liberal arts practical teaching includes not only comprehensive practical teaching inside the single specialty but also the comprehensive practical teaching jointly developed between several liberal arts specialties. Thus the single specialty vertical comprehensive liberal arts practical curriculums with the characteristics of systematicness, modularization and progressiveness as well as the multi-specialty, cross-specialty and integrated transverse curriculums need to be established. Carrying out the comprehensive liberal arts practical teaching is necessary to construct the intramural experimental center for comprehensive applied arts and meanwhile construct the talents training comprehensive practical bases outside college.%文科综合实践教学,既包括单一专业内部的综合实践教学,也包括多个文科专业之间联合进行的综合实践教学,所以需要构建单专业系统性、模块化、递进式的纵向综合实践课程和多专业、跨专业、集成化、融合式的横向综合实践课程.开展文科综合实践教学,需要校内外相结合,在校内建设文科综合实验教学中心,在校外建设人才培养综合实践教学基地,才能培养高素质的应用型文科创新人才.

  12. A Decade of Successful Research with Students at a Liberal Arts College

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hyman, S. D.; Denn, G. R.; Yochum, H. M.

    2002-12-01

    In the early 1990's, Sweet Briar College, a small liberal arts college for women in rural Virginia, began a program to encourage students to engage in research with faculty. Participation in both summer and academic year research on campus has grown significantly, and has had a very positive impact on science enrollments and opportunities for employment and graduate school. We present a chronology of changes implemented by the Department of Physics over the past ten years that has enabled students to engage in research in various fields with an emphasis on radio astronomy and laser spectroscopy. Both internal and external funding support have been essential to the success of this campus-wide initiative, in general, and to the Department of Physics research program, in particular. Current external support for research in radio astronomy at Sweet Briar is provided by Research Corporation, the Jeffress Memorial Trust, and the National Science Foundation. We discuss strategies for obtaining such support and for involving undergraduates in research.

  13. Liberal Arts Engineers: Applied Sciences at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

    Science.gov (United States)

    McNeil, Laurie

    1997-03-01

    As a university without an engineering school, the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill has sought ways to enhance its appeal to students interested in the sciences. Building on strong undergraduate and graduate programs in the physical and biomedical sciences, we have developed a program for students who are interested in the practical applications of the sciences, but desire more of a basic science focus than a typical engineering program would provide. We think of these students as "liberal arts engineers." The program leads to a B.S. degree in Applied Sciences, and is administered through the Curriculum in Applied and Materials Sciences. This interdisciplinary unit is composed of faculty with primary appointments in the departments of Physics and Astronomy, Chemistry, Computer Science, Biomedical Engineering, Dental Research, and Orthopaedics, among others. Students in the program pursue tracks in digital systems, electronic materials, biomaterials, and polymers. I will describe the program as it has evolved, and the outcome of our dozen years of experience with it. I will also touch on our graduate program in Materials Science, which we began in fall 1996.

  14. O nascimento da biopolítica das drogas e a arte liberal de governar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tadeu de Paula Souza

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo aborda alguns vetores constitutivos da genealogia das drogas enquanto um problema de ordem política, tendo como conceitos centrais biopolítica e governamentalidade. Articulando estes dois conceitos com contribuições de pesquisas sobre a história das políticas de drogas no ocidente, tecemos uma trama que que demarca o processo de constituição das drogas enquanto um objeto de interesse político e estatal. Nessa genealogia da biopolítica das drogas, pudemos explorar aparentes contradições em torno do exercício de fazer viver e fazer morrer que se efetivam através das políticas de drogas. A partir do dispositivo da sexualidade e do tema do racismo pode-se acompanhar as variações e funções estratégicas que as políticas de repressão às drogas cumpriu ao longo do século XX. Desta forma, traçamos um diagrama que emerge com o nascimento do cristianismo e se consolida com a arte de governar liberal.

  15. Introduction of the Scientific Method and Atomic Theory to Liberal Arts Chemistry Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hohman, James R.

    1998-12-01

    Liberal arts chemistry students often struggle with the application of the scientific method to problem solving in the sciences, in part because of insufficient concrete examples. These same students also tend to have significant difficulty in appreciating the value of weight ratios in chemistry, particularly in the establishment of the laws that led to the atomic theory. A simple classroom exercise utilizing net weights of envelopes containing varying numbers of BB's or paper clips can be used to illustrate and differentiate the steps of the scientific method: observation (with corrections) to get scientific facts, induction to arrive at laws, tentative explanation by hypothesis, experimentation to test the hypothesis, and final establishment of a scientific theory. Since the students participating in this exercise arrive at each of these steps on their own, there is greater appreciation and more effective internalization of the scientific method on their part. The exercise depends upon the discrete nature of the BB's or paper clips (i.e., on the fact that they are individual "particles" of similar properties, and so are useful analogies to atoms). Finally, since weight ratios are used to solve the problem posed by this exercise, it can be used to lead directly into the weight ratios summarized by the laws of constant composition (fixed proportions) and multiple proportions, which in turn lead to Dalton's atomic theory.

  16. Distilling reliable remedies: Hieronymus Brunschwig's Liber de arte distillandi (1500) between alchemical learning and craft practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taape, Tillmann

    2014-08-01

    Hieronymus Brunschwig's Liber de arte distillandi, written in German and first published in Strasbourg in 1500, was the first printed manual on the distillation of medicinal waters. Although influential among early modern audiences and well known to modern scholars, its intriguing blend of intellectual and practical traditions has thus far received little attention. This paper identifies these strands in Brunschwig's technical instructions and shows how they intertwine in the production of reliable remedies. Exploring the intellectual dimension of Brunschwig's work, I argue that his concept of distillation is shaped by an alchemical understanding of matter, especially by the writings on 'quintessence' of the fourteenth-century alchemist John of Rupescissa. To realise this concept in the workshop, Brunschwig emphasises the central importance of the body and its senses to ensure true craftsmanship. Brunschwig's printed manual was as much a product of skilled artisanal practices as the distilled waters it describes, and I argue that it was shaped by the same concerns about technical precision and reliability.

  17. Values of Literature and Art in War Times in Liberated Areas and Contemporary Literature and Art Creation%解放区抗战文艺价值与当代文艺创作

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    方伟

    2012-01-01

    As the first important feature of the values of literature and art spirit in the liberated areas during the war time, lofty sense and sublime beauty should be the basis of current literature and art theory and practice. The creative and innovative spirit of literature and art in liberated areas shows Chinese nation self-renewal ability and excavating ability on humanistic spirit. Therefore current literature and art practice has much rational identification with innovative ideas, and historical reasons and psychological and emotional demands for continuation and reference. The popularity feature of literature and art in war times in liberated areas is decided by the property of war, which is on the basis of popularity. Faced with many-sided, diversified and multi-dimensional development of current literature and art creation practice, the popularity should have deeper explanation on modernity and social humanity situation. That is the continuous stratification of social population structure has made it possible for current recognition and practical using for popularity.%作为解放区抗战文艺精神价值的首要特质,崇高感和崇高美应成为当下文学艺术实践与理论建构的审美基石;解放区抗战文艺的创造和创新精神,表现出在战争条件下中华民族的自我接续能力和人文精神的发掘能力,对此,在当下的文学艺术实践中,之于创新理念的必然实施不仅有了更多的理性认同,而且也有着必定延续借鉴的历史因由与心理情感的主观诉求;解放区抗战文艺的大众性是由战争本质所决定的,而它的多样性也是建立在大众性基础之上的,面对当下文艺创作实践多方面、多样性和多向度的发展,对大众性应该有着现代性和社会人文状况不断深化的阐释——社会人口结构的持续阶层化,为大众性的当下认知和实际运用提供了可能性。

  18. Competencies as the basis for reformed premedical education. The case for an unrestricted liberal arts collegiate education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kase, Nathan; Muller, David

    2012-01-01

    As the HHMI-AAMC declared, their report should be taken as a "first step in a continuing conversation about the appropriate skills and knowledge," and, echoing the ACGME and GPEP, "values and attitudes that future physicians should possess." (9pExecSum) As a new formulation evolves, the premedical curriculum must foster "scholastic vigor, analytic thinking, quantitative assessment and analysis of complex systems." (9pExecSum) Based on the Mount Sinai experience, these qualities are not engendered solely nor confined to engagement in natural sciences. Students involved in a variety of baccalaureate liberal arts endeavors appear to acquire similar intellectual competencies. Furthermore, when performed successfully in challenging collegiate environments, a thorough liberal arts education may yield precisely the same values, attitudes, and behavioral characteristics all agree are essential to the medical profession and preparing physicians for the twenty-first century.

  19. Carleton College: Geoscience Education for the Liberal Arts and the Geoscience Profession

    Science.gov (United States)

    Savina, M. E.

    2008-12-01

    Carleton College is a small (current enrollment ~1950), four-year, residential liberal arts college that has graduated more than 900 geology majors since the inception of the geology department inception in 1933. Since 1974, an average of more than 20 geology students have graduated each year. The department curriculum aims to educate at least six overlapping groups of students, who, however, may not place themselves into one of these groups until well after graduating. These groups include students in non- science majors who take geology for breadth or because of interest; science majors; geology majors who end up in other professions; and geology majors who pursue careers related to geology, most of whom ultimately earn a higher, professional degree. Goals for these groups of students differ and the department focuses its curriculum on developing skills and providing student experiences that will serve all groups well. The department has a strong focus on field geology and communication skills, solving complex problems in many project-based courses (culminating in a senior independent project for each student), and much group work. These characteristics correlate well with Carleton institutional goals. The senior independent projects (all reported in written, visual and oral forms) form the basis for outcomes assessment. We also regularly survey alumni who are in graduate programs of all kinds (not just geoscience), asking them about how well their undergraduate education has prepared them. Finally, the staff meet at least annually to discuss the curriculum, its goals, values, skills and content, and do a formal self-study with external and internal reviewers at least once a decade. The success of Carleton geology alumni in government, research, industry, education, consulting and other professions is the ultimate assessment tool.

  20. Benefits and Limitations of Online Instruction in Natural Science Undergraduate Liberal Arts Courses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liddicoat, Joseph; Roberts, Godfrey; Liddicoat, Kendra; Porzecanski, Ana Luz; Mendez, Martin; McMullen, David

    2013-04-01

    Online courses in the Natural Sciences are taught three ways at New York University to undergraduate students majoring in the liberal arts and professional programs - synchronous courses in which students communicate online with the instructor and classmates in real time, asynchronous courses when faculty present course material for students to access and learn at their leisure, and hybrid or blended courses when part is taught asynchronously and part is taught face-to-face in a classroom with all students present. We have done online courses each way - Global Ecology (synchronous); Stars, Planets, and Life (synchronous and asynchronous); Darwin to DNA: An Overview of Evolution (asynchronous); Biodiversity Conservation (asynchronous); and Biology of Hunger and Population (blended). We will present the advantages and challenges we experienced teaching courses online in this fashion. Besides the advantages listed in the description for this session, another can be programmed learning that allows a set of sequential steps or a more complex branching of steps that allows students to repeat lessons multiple times to master the material. And from an academic standpoint, course content and assessment can be standardized, making it possible for each student to learn the same material. Challenges include resistance to online learning by a host of stakeholders who might be educators, students, parents, and the community. Equally challenging might be the readiness of instructors and students to teach and learn online. Student integrity issues such as plagiarism and cheating are a concern in a course taught online (Thormann and Zimmerman, 2012), so we will discuss our strategies to mitigate them.

  1. [Spanish wines in the Liber de arte medendi (1564) by Cristóbal de Vega (1510-1573)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hernández González, J P

    2005-01-01

    The Liber de arte medendi (Lyon, 1564) is the most relevant book of Prima Professor of The Faculty of Medicine of Universidad de Alcalá, doctor Cristóbal de Vega (1510-1573). It is a treatise--674 pages in folio--of theoretical and practical medicine. This doctrinal expose, scholar and bookisk, changes its tone in the second of the three parts, the liber II, that deals with "no natural things" of galenism, which necessarily affect the organism and that, depending on how they are used, they may strengthen or weaken its health: air, physical activity, foods and drinks, sleep, evacuations and passions of the soul. Within the section dedicated to foods and drinks, we have studied the interesting chapter about wines, where the author makes a hygienic assessment about wine. The chapter on spanish wines consigned at the Liber de arte medendi and some other references about the therapeutic capabilities of some of the wines described by the author. He we undertaken a critical analysis of that chapter, glossing the most significant texts about spanish wines mentioned by the author. In this chapter vega praises the class and hygienic applications of white Alcarrian wines from Yepes, Lillo and Santorcaz, of the Galician from Rivadavia, from Cantalapiedra in the Salamanca region, and the Andalusians from Jerez, Cazalla and Alanís. He also extols the smooth reds from Santorcaz; though the best in this category would be, for the adaptation of its temperament to the human nature, the Illana wine. at Liber de arte medendi, wines from Cantalapiedra (Ded Castille), Rivadavia (Galicia), Jerez, Ca- zalla and Alanís (Andalusia), Santorcaz, Corpa, Yepes, San Martín de Valdeiglesias, Villalbilla, Illana and Lillo (New Castille) are mentioned.

  2. 高职院校男生文科类课程学习探讨%Analysis on Study Liberal Arts Courses for Boys in Higher Vocational Colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴施意

    2016-01-01

    there is always a big problem of male students in higher vocational colleges in learning liberal arts courses. The psy-chological and physiological characteristics of boys and the different focusing degree of liberal arts teachers result in the declining lib-eral arts learning efficiency for higher vocational college boys. Exploring the causes of such phenomenon, try to give some opinions and methods from the practice angle of liberal arts courses in Higher Vocational Colleges, which will supply some help in liberal arts study for college boys.%高职院校男生文科类课程的学习一直存在很大问题。由于男生的生理心理特点和文科类课程各教师的重视程度不同,造成了男生在高职院校的文科学习效率日趋下降。探究此类现象产生的原因,并尝试从文科类课程学习的实践角度给出一些意见和方法,对高职院校男生的文科学习提供帮助。

  3. Teaching about the Global Environment at a Jesuit Liberal Arts University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dahl, E. E.

    2012-12-01

    Teaching about global environmental issues is often reserved to courses in environmental and/or geoscience departments. Universities that do not have departments that fall into these categories may be missing out on educating both science and non-science students about these important and timely issues. Loyola University Maryland is a private Jesuit liberal arts University with no environmental or geoscience department and prior to 2008 had no courses that focused on the science of global environmental issues. Global Environment in a course offered by the Chemistry Department that fills this niche. The course is designed for a general non-science audience, though the course content is also appropriate for science students. The primary goal of the course is for students to learn the basics about how the Earth system works and how our changing climate is related to biodiversity, pollution, water availability and society. The course is designated a diversity course which is a course that fulfills the University's call "to prepare students … to pursue justice by making an action-oriented response to the needs of the world." All students at Loyola University Maryland are required to take one diversity course. For this class, the diversity focus is environmental justice which is brought into the course through lectures, discussions and student projects. By bringing societal impacts into a science course the students can better understand why the environment is important and our actions affect both ourselves and others. The course has also evolved over four iterations into a course that maximizes student involvement while minimizing student angst. One way that this is accomplished is by eliminating tests and substituting daily quizzes using a student response system (clickers). Clickers are also used to poll students and to review what information the students are retaining. Students are able to self-guide their own learning in the course by creating a portfolio

  4. Exploration and practice of college physics experiment teaching for students of liberal arts%文科物理实验教学实践探索

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    章羽; 钱锋; 戴玉蓉

    2012-01-01

    In 1996, the physics experiment course for students of liberal arts was opened in Southeast University, which is the rare one in colleges and universities opening college physics experiment for students of liberal arts. The college physics experiment for students of liberal arts teaching system has taken shape after many years of teaching practice. This paper introduces content of courses, teaching modes and the experiment examination.%东南大学是国内少数较早对文科各专业开设大学物理实验课程的学校之一,经过多年的教学实践改革,东南大学的文科物理实验教学体系已初步形成.该文从教学内容、教学模式及实验考核等方面进行了介绍和总结.

  5. Efficient thermal desalination technologies with renewable energy systems: A state-of-the-art review

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Esfahani, Iman Janghorban; Rashidi, Jouan; Ifaei, Pouya; Yoo, ChangKyoo [Center for Environmental Studies, Kyung Hee University, Yongin (Korea, Republic of)

    2016-02-15

    Due to the current fossil fuel crisis and associated adverse environmental impacts, renewable energy sources (RES) have drawn interest as alternatives to fossil fuels for powering water desalination systems. Over the last few decades the utility of renewable energy sources such as solar, geothermal, and wind to run desalination processes has been explored. However, the expansion of these technologies to larger scales is hampered by techno-economic and thermo-economic challenges. This paper reviews the state-of-the-art in the field of renewable energy-powered thermal desalination systems (RE-PTD) to compare their productivity and efficiency through thermodynamic, economic, and environmental analyses. We performed a comparative study using published data to classify RE-PTD systems technologies on the basis of the energy collection systems that they use. Among RE-PTD systems, solar energy powered-thermal desalination systems demonstrate high thermo-environ-economic efficiency to produce fresh water to meet various scales of demand.

  6. Streets and stages: urban renewal and the arts after World War II.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foulkes, Julia L

    2010-01-01

    Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts in Manhattan and the revitalization of the Brooklyn Academy of Music in Brooklyn offer insights into the intersection of arts and urbanization after World War II. This intra-city comparison shows the aggrandizing pull of the international arena in the shaping of Lincoln Center and the arts it featured in contrast to the local focus and debate that transformed how BAM fit into its Brooklyn neighborhood. The performing arts, bound as they are to a moment fused in space and time, reveal the making of place within grandiose formal buildings as well as outside on the streets that surround them—and it is, perhaps, that tensile connection between stages and streets that informs the relevancy of both the institution and the arts it features. At a time when the suburbs pulled more and more people, the arts provided a counterforce in cities, as magnet and stimulus. The arts were used as compensation for the demolition and re-building of a neighborhood in urban renewal, but they also exposed the more complex social dynamics that underpinned the transformation of the mid-20th century American city from a segregated to a multi-faceted place.

  7. Coherence in the Argumentative Essays of First Year College of Liberal Arts Students at De La Salle University

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alphie G. Garing

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The study investigates five textual features of coherence in the students’ argumentative essays for text comprehensibility and overall writing quality. Specifically, it examines how comprehensible the students’ argumentative essays considering the following: focus, organization, cohesion, support and elaboration, and conventions; and the relationship between the textual features and the comprehensibility of the students’ argumentative essays. The data consists of 13 argumentative essays written in ENGLCOM class first year College of Liberal Arts students of De La Salle University. Two techniques were used to analyze the data. First, an analytic and holistic scorings using a four-point writing rubric were used to evaluate each of the textual features of coherence and comprehensibility, respectively. Second, correlation analysis was performed to determine the relationship between the coherence features and the comprehensibility of the students’ texts and between the comprehensibility of the students’ argumentative essays.

  8. Potential Teaching Model for Applying Novel Approaches of Renewed Estonian National Curriculum into Visual Art Classes in Primary School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vahter, Edna

    2015-01-01

    In 2010, the renewed national curriculum was legislated in Estonia. Major changes include a new list of cross-curricular topics, increased importance of integration and specification of the components of the art learning process. In this situation, the question arises--how to fully implement the challenges of the renewed curriculum in primary…

  9. Oulipo: Applying Mathematical Constraints to Literature and the Arts in a Mathematics for the Liberal Arts Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Despeaux, Sloan Evans

    2015-01-01

    Oulipo (Ouvroir de Littérature potentielle, or Workshop on potential literature), an over 50-year old movement that began in France, seeks to apply mathematical constraints to literature and the arts. In this article, I will give a brief survey of this movement and how I have built a learning module based on it for my mathematics for the liberal…

  10. Liberal Arts and Sciences Education for the 21st Century Knowledge Economy: A Case Study of Amsterdam University College, The Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Klein Bog, Deirdre; van der Wende, Marijk; Jung, Insung; Nishimura, Mikiko; Sasao, Toshiaki

    2016-01-01

    This chapter describes how Amsterdam University College (AUC), a liberal arts and science honours college in The Netherlands, promotes internationalization and adopts a global approach in its curriculum and academic community. It shows how global learning outcomes and 21st century skills can be

  11. Designing and Incorporating Green Chemistry Courses at a Liberal Arts College to Increase Students' Awareness and Interdisciplinary Collaborative Work

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manchanayakage, Renuka

    2013-01-01

    Two green chemistry courses have been introduced into the liberal arts curriculum at Susquehanna University. Green chemistry was integrated into an existing course, Chemical Concepts, and offered as Green Chemical Concepts for nonscience majors. This course is designed to instill an appreciation for green chemistry in a large and diverse group of…

  12. 高职院校文科数学课程教学的探讨%Discussion on Liberal Arts Mathematics Course Teaching in Higher Vocational Colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汤燕

    2014-01-01

    高等数学是现代数学的一个重要分支,是高职院校文科专业的一门公共基础课程。随着计算机科学的发展和学科之间的相互融合,文科数学作为文科专业的一门工具基础课程其重要性已日益显现。针对高职院校文科数学教学情况,结合自己已有的教学体会,对高职院校文科专业数学教学作了一些探讨。%Higher mathematics is an important branch of modern mathematics, also it is a public basic course of liberal art majors in higher vocational colleges. Along with the mutual integration between courses and the development of computer science, as a tool of liberal arts professional basic courses, the importance of liberal arts mathematics has been obviously increased. In the light of mathematical teaching in higher vocational colleges,com-bined with the writer's own teaching experience, the writer makes some discussions on the liberal arts mathematics teaching in higher vocational colleges.

  13. The Influence of Neoliberal Consumerist Ideology on the Values and Practices of Private, Non-Profit Liberal Arts Institutions: Senior Enrollment Management Administrators' Perspectives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bennion, Paul

    2013-01-01

    This study focused on the perspectives of senior enrollment management administrators in relation to institutional strategic planning documents in order to gain insight into the extent to which "neoliberalism" is influencing the values and practices of private, nonprofit liberal arts institutions. The researcher focused on senior…

  14. An Exploratory Study of Adoption of Course Management Software and Accompanying Instructional Changes by Faculty in the Liberal Arts and Sciences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yohon, Teresa; Zimmerman, Don; Keeler, Leslie

    2004-01-01

    The study investigated liberal arts and science faculty's (1) overall adoption of WebCT, a course management software, (2) use of different WebCT functions, (3) perceptions of technology's impact on teaching, and (4) demographic factors that might explain the differences between WebCT adopters and non-adopters. Only 37% of respondents reported…

  15. Applying Alternative Teaching Methods to Impart a Rounded, Liberal Arts and Sciences (LAS) Education: Students' Reflections on the Role of Magazines as Instructional Tools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sithole, Alec; Kibirige, Joachim; Mupinga, Davison M.; Chiyaka, Edward T.

    2016-01-01

    In a constantly and rapidly changing social world, students from all disciplines ought to attain a rounded education within the tradition of a "Liberal Arts and Sciences" (LAS) context. Students outside of the natural sciences must be encouraged to appreciate the place of those sciences in their lives. Conversely, students in the natural…

  16. Liberal Arts and Sciences Education for the 21st Century Knowledge Economy: A Case Study of Amsterdam University College, The Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Klein Bog, Deirdre; Wende, van der Marijk; Jung, Insung; Nishimura, Mikiko; Sasao, Toshiaki

    2016-01-01

    This chapter describes how Amsterdam University College (AUC), a liberal arts and science honours college in The Netherlands, promotes internationalization and adopts a global approach in its curriculum and academic community. It shows how global learning outcomes and 21st century skills can be fost

  17. A Longitudinal View of the Liberal Arts Curriculum a Decade after Merger: A Multiple Case Study of Community Colleges in Connecticut, Kentucky, and Louisiana

    Science.gov (United States)

    Norton, Ann; Wilson, Kristin

    2015-01-01

    This study is an examination of the state of the liberal arts curriculum in community colleges in three geographic regions of the United States. From a constructivist paradigm and using globalization theory as a theoretical framework, this multiple case study examined faculty work life and administrative processes related to curriculum change in…

  18. The Relationship of Course Characteristics to Differential Performance of Martin Luther King Program and Other Students in Selected College of Liberal Arts Courses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Armstrong, Roberta A.; Hall, William V.

    1976-01-01

    College of Liberal Arts courses in which Martin Luther King Program (MLK) students registered from 1970 to 1972 were studied to explore the relationship of course characteristics to differences in performance between MLK and non-MLK students. Courses in which 15 or more MLK students received A through F grades were selected and divided into two…

  19. Equipping Liberal Arts Students with Skills in Data Analytics: Drake University Partners with Regional Businesses to Offer New Programs in a Rapidly Growing Field. A BHEF Case Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Business-Higher Education Forum, 2016

    2016-01-01

    This case study examines how Business-Higher Education Forum (BHEF) member Drake University, a private university with a strong liberal arts tradition, is equipping its students to become data-enabled professionals. Through the collaboration of its business and higher education members, BHEF launched the National Higher Education and Workforce…

  20. Talking about experimental teaching of liberal arts from perspective of differences between liberal arts and science and engineering%从文科与理工科实验教学差异的视角谈文科实验教学

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    倪丽娟; 陈辉

    2013-01-01

    With the development of the times, students of liberal arts are asked to have more and more practical ability to meet the demand of society. Experimental teaching is no longer the exclusive in science and engineering and the liberal arts also need it to adapt to the social demand for high quality talents. This paper points out the differences of experimental teaching between liberal arts and science and engineering by comparing, and makes several measures to improve the experimental teaching and laboratory construction of liberal arts according to the characteristics of liberal arts experimental teaching.%随着时代的发展,社会对文科人才的实践能力要求越来越高.实验教学已经不再是理工科的专属,文科同样需要实验教学来适应社会对高素质人才的需求.通过比较指出文科与理工科实验教学的差异,并针对文科实验教学的特点提出改善当前文科实验教学及文科实验室建设的若干措施.

  1. Symmetrical freedom quilts: the ethnomathematics of ways of communication, liberation, and art

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Milton Rosa

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Symmetrical Freedom Quilts may be considered as links between mathematics, history, ethnomathematics,and the art of quilting. A quilt theme is a pedagogical way to integrate mathematics, art, and history in an interdisciplinary approach. This article combines an ethnomathematical-historical perspective by elaborating a history project related to the Underground Railroad. This work will allow teachers to develop classroom projects that help students to better understand geometry, especially concepts of symmetry and transformations. One of the objectives of this project is to stimulate student’s creativity and interest, because quilts may be considered as cultural and mathematical expressions of student’s daily life.

  2. Symmetrical freedom quilts: the ethnomathematics of ways of communication, liberation, and art

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Milton Rosa

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Symmetrical Freedom Quilts may be considered as links between mathematics, history, ethnomathematics, and the art of quilting. A quilt theme is a pedagogical way to integrate mathematics, art, and history in an interdisciplinary approach. This article combines an ethnomathematical-historical perspective by elaborating a history project related to the Underground Railroad. This work will allow teachers to develop classroom projects that help students to better understand geometry, especially concepts of symmetry and transformations. One of the objectives of this project is to stimulate student's creativity and interest, because quilts may be considered as cultural and mathematical expressions of student's daily life.

  3. Learning the art: Introduction of novice chemists into the community of practice through participation in undergraduate research in a liberal arts setting

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lowmaster, Nancy Elise

    This study examines the nature of the undergraduate research experience in a liberal arts setting, specifically considering the degree to which undergraduate student researchers come to understand and participate in the community of practicing chemists, the ways the faculty research advisor facilitates the entry of these novice chemists into the community of practice, and the degree to which undergraduate researchers begin to develop identities as chemists. The study is a multimethodological case study of senior students performing undergraduate research at a small liberal arts college and the faculty who supervise them. The study focuses in particular on three undergraduate chemistry students, under the direction of the same faculty advisor, during their yearlong research projects. Data, which included qualitative surveys, semi-structured interviews, group meeting observations, and laboratory artifacts, were analyzed using constant comparative analysis and thematic methods. The study found that questions play several important roles in introducing students to the community of practice of chemistry and that the formation of an initial research question by the undergraduate researcher is a first step in the development of ownership of the project. The questions that the research supervisor uses to guide the undergraduates enable the students to be more productive and also demonstrate the nature of science, the nature of research, and the practice of the chemistry community. The student's research committee serves as a link to and a model of the community of practice as well as a check on the validity of the research experience. The study also found that the research advisor plays a number of roles, all of which are "bundled" into a single individual who balances these roles based on the needs of the particular student. Research advisors were found to use stories to communicate important lessons about the practice of chemistry. The study asserts that as

  4. Climate Science across the Liberal Arts Curriculum at Gustavus Adolphus College

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bartley, J. K.; Triplett, L.; Dontje, J.; Huber, T.; Koomen, M.; Jeremiason, J.; La Frenierre, J.; Niederriter, C.; Versluis, A.

    2014-12-01

    The human and social dimensions of climate change are addressed in courses in humanities, social sciences, and arts disciplines. However, faculty members in these disciplines are not climate science experts and thus may feel uncomfortable discussing the science that underpins our understanding of climate change. In addition, many students are interested in the connections between climate change and their program of study, but not all students take courses that address climate science as a principal goal. At Gustavus Adolphus College, the Climate Science Project aims to help non-geoscience faculty introduce climate science content in their courses in order to increase climate science literacy among students and inform discussions of the implications of climate change. We assembled an interdisciplinary team of faculty with climate science expertise to develop climate science modules for use in non-geoscience courses. Faculty from the social sciences, humanities, arts, education, and natural sciences attended workshops in which they developed plans to include climate science in their courses. Based on these workshops, members of the development team created short modules for use by participating faculty that introduce climate science concepts to a non-specialist audience. Each module was tested and modified prior to classroom implementation by a team of faculty and geoscience students. Faculty and student learning are assessed throughout the process, and participating faculty members are interviewed to improve the module development process. The Climate Science Project at Gustavus Adolphus College aims to increase climate science literacy in both faculty members and students by creating accessible climate science content and supporting non-specialist faculty in learning key climate science concepts. In this way, climate science becomes embedded in current course offerings, including non-science courses, reaching many more students than new courses or enhanced content

  5. Distilling Reliable Remedies: Hieronymus Brunschwig’s Liber de arte distillandi (1500) Between Alchemical Learning and Craft Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taape, Tillmann

    2017-01-01

    Hieronymus Brunschwig’s Liber de arte distillandi, written in German and first published in Strasbourg in 1500, was the first printed manual on the distillation of medicinal waters. Although influential among early modern audiences and well-known to modern scholars, its intriguing blend of intellectual and practical traditions has thus far received little attention. This paper identifies these strands in Brunschwig’s technical instructions and shows how they intertwine in the production of reliable remedies. Exploring the intellectual dimension of Brunschwig’s work, I argue that his concept of distillation is shaped by an alchemical understanding of matter, especially by the writings on ‘quintessence’ of the fourteenth-century alchemist John of Rupescissa. To realise this concept in the workshop, Brunschwig emphasises the central importance of the body and its senses to ensure true craftsmanship. Brunschwig’s printed manual was as much a product of skilled artisanal practices as the distilled waters it describes, and I argue that it was shaped by the same concerns about technical precision and reliability. PMID:25276873

  6. Division of Liberal Arts,

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Tafi Atome Monkey Sanctuary, but the very name, “sanctuary", indicates tl"= precarious ... Public zoos came into existence at the beginning of the period which was to see ... The Western visitor has imagined an exotic Africa, filled with wild animals, an .... For Westerners, however, there is a difference: they see Christianity as.

  7. The Liberal Arts Bubble

    Science.gov (United States)

    Agresto, John

    2011-01-01

    The author expresses his doubt that the general higher education bubble will burst anytime soon. Although tuition, student housing, and book costs have all increased substantially, he believes it is still likely that the federal government will continue to pour billions into higher education, largely because Americans have been persuaded that it…

  8. Teaching practices and professional development of biology professors at small, private, liberal arts colleges in the Southeast

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mallory, Sarah Elizabeth Bradford

    Science teaching in pre-college institutions has been undergoing reform in recent years, particularly since 1996, when the National Science Education Standards were published. This reform includes inquiry-based teaching, student-centered classrooms, authentic assessment, and collaborative learning. Professional development is also recommended in the Standards document as the means for preparing teachers for reform-based teaching in pre-college classrooms. In post-secondary institutions, there is no curriculum-governing body to institute reform, and college faculty have devised their own standards and methods for teaching science, most often in the form of lecture and traditional procedure-driven laboratory exercises. This study was conducted to find examples of reform-based biology teaching in small, private, liberal arts colleges in the Southeast, where teaching innovations may be more likely to occur due to the size and independence of the schools. Professional development opportunities were also examined, since these would be important in the development of new curricula and methods of teaching. Data were collected from 151 participants, representing 78.3% of these colleges in eight southeastern states, by survey and from three volunteers by on-site interviews. Teaching was the main responsibility reported by all respondents, with both lower and upper level biology courses taught by all participants. Significant differences were found in the use of reform-based teaching in lower level biology courses versus upper level biology courses. Overall average use of inquiry-based teaching was 70.5%, while student-centered learning was reported on average by 57% of respondents, authentic assessment was reported on average by 56.6% of respondents, and collaborative learning was reported on average by 56% of respondents. Professional development opportunities most frequently used were reported to be journal, books, and videotapes. Multivariate regression analyses revealed

  9. Using VuFind, XAMPP, and Flash Drives to Build an Offline Library Catalog for Use in a Liberal Arts in Prison Program

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julia Bauder

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available When Grinnell College expanded its Liberal Arts in Prison Program to include the First Year of College Program in the Newton Correctional Facility, the Grinnell College Libraries needed to find a way to support the research needs of inmates who had no access to the Internet. The library used VuFind running on XAMPP installed on flash drives to provide access to the Libraries' catalog. Once the student identified a book, it would be delivered from the Libraries to students on request. This article describes the process of getting VuFind operating in an environment with no Internet access and limited control of the computing environment.

  10. 文科综合实验教学体系构建研究——华南理工大学文科综合实验教学中心案例(续)%Research on the Construction of Liberal Arts Experimental Teaching System——A Case Study on South China University of Technology Liberal Arts Experimental Teaching Center(Continuted)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭新一

    2011-01-01

    How to develop a experimental system in liberal arts school and achieve the idea of combinating natural science and liberal arts? The issue of construction of experimental teaching system and reforming it' s management mechanism, not only important for students' quality improvement and creative thought development, but also a significant replenishing for the theoretical teaching. Therefore, by taking construction of liberal arts experimental teaching center of South China University of Technology for example, this article has described the innovation of construction of liberal arts experimental teaching system by explaining several essential aspects, which are train thought of construction, system establishment, and management mechanism reform.%如何在文科类专业开展实验、实践教学,真正实现文理渗透、学科交叉的教学理念,实验教学体系的建设与实验教学管理机制的改革是提高学生综合素质、培养学生创新能力的重要途径,与理论教学具有同等重要的作用.文章以华南理工大学文科综合实验教学中心的建设为例,从实验教学体系建设思路、体系设置、实验教学管理模式改革等方面阐述了文科综合实验教学体系建设的模式创新.

  11. The Tie That Binds: Leadership and Liberal Arts Institutions' Civic Engagement Commitment in Rural Communities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goodman, Hunter Phillips

    2014-01-01

    Community boundary spanners create ties that bind the campus and its surrounding region for reciprocal relationships. Using community boundary spanning literature as a conceptual framework, this study went beyond existing research on public and 4-year comprehensive universities to examine how university leadership at rural, private liberal arts…

  12. La invención civilista del proyecto liberal como propiciadora del arte conmemorativo de la Campaña Nacional de 1856

    OpenAIRE

    Urroz Leal, Verónica

    2007-01-01

    El escrito gira en torno tanto a la campaña militar de 1856-°©‐‑ 57, como también de la figura del héroe nacional Juan Santamaría, como eje primordial de la creación artística al servicio de la invención civilista proyectada por los “padres” del Estado Liberal en Costa Rica. En estas páginas se abordan algunos de los productos artísticos que surgieron a propósito de la Campaña del 56, entre ellos el Monumento Nacional y la Estatua de Juan Santamaría, como también referentes iconográficos de l...

  13. A system dynamics analysis of the Nordic electricity market: The transition from fossil fuelled toward a renewable supply within a liberalized electricity market

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vogstad, Klaus-Ole

    2005-07-01

    A system dynamic model to analyze long-term versus short-term implications of various energy policies within the context of the Nordic electricity market has been developed. The model itself provides a theory of the development of the Nordic electricity market in response to various energy policies, both in the long and the short term. The model includes generation scheduling, demand, price formation, investment decisions, resource availability and to some extent technology progress as endogenous. Thus, explanations of the model behaviour can be found from within the model. As examples of use, the model/modelling concept addresses two important questions on the energy policy agenda. First the marginal C02-emission controversy has been study, whether building gas power in Norway increase or reduce Nordic C02-emissions. The results were that in the short run, some emission reductions can be obtained due to substitution of existing coal units by operations of the market, but this effect was found to be modest. Existing gas power is also substituted, plus some bio. In the long run, there are also some investment substitutions of renewables. These effects do not appear to be significant in the short run, but in the long run, the investment rate of renewables is reduced as a consequence of reduced prices from gas. The reduced investments in renewables results in increased emissions. Some increase in demand is also to be expected from adding gas power, due to price-elasticity of demand. The net result is that gas power is likely to increase C02-emissions, which contradicts the current belief as well as results from other electricity market models that omit the long-term mechanisms such as investment decisions and technology progress. The second study analyzed the current Swedish TGC market at the time of the introduction. The purpose was to assist market design. It was found that the current Swedish TGC market design is likely to crash, due to the slow adjustment of the

  14. Preparation of Liberal Arts College Students' Learning Difficulties Self-rating Scale of Science Sources%理科来源的文科大学生学习困难自评量表的编制

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    江慧; 张见有; 阳泽

    2014-01-01

    Through literature analysis and open questionnaire, constructed science learning difficulties derived theoretical dimen-sion of the liberal arts college, and accordingly prepared the"liberal arts college science learning difficulties sources of self-rating scale."Exploratory factor analysis and confirmatory factor by 286 liberal arts college science sources to analyze the survey data, found that:liberal arts college science learning difficulties sources checklist includes the ability to acquire knowledge, arts achie-vement motivation and adaptability of this liberal arts three dimensions. The scale has clear factor structure and good reliability and validity. It can be taken as measuring tool of liberal art college students' learning difficulties of science sources.%通过文献分析和开放式问卷调查,构建了理科来源的文科大学生学习困难的理论维度,并据此编制了“理科来源的文科大学生学习困难自评量表”。通过对286名理科来源的文科大学生的调查数据进行探索性因素分析和验证性因素分析,发现:理科来源的文科大学生学习困难自评量表主要包括知识获得能力、文科成就动机和文科适应性这三个维度。量表的因素结构清晰,信效度良好。可以作为理科来源的文科大学生学习困难的测量工具。

  15. Black writers’ Shona novels of the liberation war in Zimbabwe: an art that tells the truth of its day

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D.E. Mutasa

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Over the years Shona fiction that portrays Zimbabwe’s liberation war has been a subject of severe criticism because of its tendency to falsify and distort history. This article attempts to provide answers to the question of why authors of Shona war fiction tended to romanticise the war of liberation. In pursuance of this objective this article looks at circumstances and conditions that prevailed at the time that most of the Shona stories about Zimbabwe’s liberation war were written. These stories were published during the first decade of Zimbabwe’s independence and it is possible to look at this time and come up with a set of interdependent cultural, economic, political and ideological conditions that helped to shape writers’ perspectives on the war. The article argues that the conditions of artistic freedom that interfaced with internalised fear, the euphoria and celebration, the dominant ideology of the time, as well as the situation of competition were responsible for shaping the consciousness of the war fiction writers. In this article views expressed in interviews by some of the writers of Shona war fiction are taken into consideration. All interviews with authors referred to in the article were carried out by the researcher.

  16. La sangría en el Liber de Arte Medendi (1564 de Cristóbal de Vega (1511-1537

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hernández, Justo

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, the interesting and significant chapter on the bloodletting, included in the medical treatise entitled the Liber de arte medendi (1564 of Cristóbal de Vega (1510-1573, has been studied. His doctrine, mainly with regard to the morbus lateralis, supports the proper one from the most of the sixteenth century authors belonging to the medical humanism: a copious bloodletting in the elbow`s flexure of the homolateral arm. In addition to the Vesalius’ anatomical contributions on the venous tree recorded in that chapter, Vega has a debate on certain controversial aspects with the contemporary doctors Argenterio and Fuchs. In spite of his fidelity to the galenism, Vega shows some practical disagreements concerning its use in children, pregnant women and its achievement up to fainting.

    En este artículo se ha estudiado el interesante y significativo capítulo sobre la sangría, incluido en el tratado de medicina titulado Liber de arte medendi (1564 de Cristóbal de Vega (1510-1573. Su doctrina, sobre todo en lo que atañe al morbus lateralis, sigue la de la mayoría de los autores del quinientos pertenecientes al humanismo médico: sangría abundante en la flexura del codo del brazo homolateral. Además de recoger las aportaciones anatómicas de Vesalio sobre el árbol venoso, Vega polemiza sobre ciertos aspectos controvertidos con los médicos coetáneos Argenterio y Fuchs. A pesar de su fidelidad al galenismo, Vega muestra algunas discrepancias prácticas relativas a su uso en niños y embarazadas y a su aplicación hasta el desvanecimiento.

  17. Analysis on the Practice of Popularization in Literature and Art in Liberated Area%文艺大众化在解放区的践行探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐元绍

    2015-01-01

    四十年代解放区的文艺大众化在实践操作层面取得了巨大的成绩。其中,党领导的抗日民主政权的政治保障是其蓬勃兴起的政治基础;由“化大众”到“大众化”,知识分子成为文艺大众化得以贯彻践行的人才基础和关键;大众诉求基础的转变与对象的明确,随之而确立的乡村文艺的主流化,成为文艺大众化在解放区得以最终确立的标志。%Liberated area witnesses great achievements in practice of popularization in literature and art in the 1940s . Political basis of popularization results from political guarantee which is provided by anti-Japanese democratic government under the leadership of the Party. Its talents basis and fundamental assurance are benefited by Chinese intellectuals’ ideological remolding and identity change from enlightening common people to being common people, and the accomplishment of such remolding and changing are urged by political orders. The shift of classification, identification of subject for popularization and the subsequent mainstreaming of rural literature and art are signs for establishment of popularization in literature and art in liberated area.

  18. Development of Tunneling Spectroscopy Apparatus for Kelvin and Sub-Kelvin Measurements of Superconducting Energy Gaps by Multi-disciplinary students at a Liberal Arts University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eckhardt, Matt

    2014-03-01

    Tunneling spectroscopy is an important technique used to measure the superconducting energy gap, a feature that is at the heart of the nature of superconductivity in various materials. In this presentation, we report the progress and results in developing high-resolution tunneling spectroscopy experimental platforms in a helium three cryostat, a 3 Kelvin cryocooler and a helium dip-tester. The experimental team working in a liberal arts university is a multi-disciplinary group consisting of one physics major, chemisty majors and a biology major. Students including non-physics majors learned and implemented current-voltage measurement techniques, vacuum system engineering, built electronic boxes and amplifier circuits from scratch, built custom multi-conductor cables for thermometry and current-voltage measurements, and performed conductance measurements. We report preliminary results. Acknowledgments: We acknowledge support from National Science Foundation Grant # DMR-1206561.

  19. A comparison of a biological sciences curriculum study (BSCS) laboratory and a traditional laboratory on student achievement at two private liberal arts colleges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hall, Donald A.; McCurdy, Donald W.

    The purpose of this experiment was to compare an inquiry-oriented Biological Sciences Curriculum Study (BSCS) style laboratory approach with a more directive traditional approach on student outcomes in the cognitive and affective domains of learning at two private, midwestern liberal-arts colleges. The BSCS approach emphasized basic and integrated science processes, concept development through extensive questioning, and increased student discretion, while the traditional approach contained highly structured, more prescriptive, teacher-oriented activities. Intact laboratory sections of students enrolled in introductory general biology at two private liberal-arts colleges were randomly selected into two treatment groups. Pretest and posttest measures were taken on three dependent variables: (1) biological content achievement, measured with a researcher-generated Test on Biology Laboratory Concepts, (2) reasoning ability, measured with the Group Assessment of Logical Thinking, and (3) attitude toward biology, measured with the Biology Student Behavior Inventory. Analysis of covariance indicated the experimental group (n = 60) using the BSCS-style laboratory approach scored significantly higher than the comparison group (n = 59) in levels of performance on biology content achievement, F(1, 114) = 4.07, p attitude toward biology or on reasoning ability. However, both groups experienced a 15-percent increase in the number of formal thinkers as indicated by pretest-posttest gain scores on the reasoning ability test. These results lend support to the hypothesis that a BSCS-style laboratory approach fosters desired learner outcomes at the postsecondary level. In addition, these findings support the notion that the science laboratory may be used as a primary vehicle to promote formal reasoning skills.

  20. The effects of an intervention to increase liberal arts mathematics and science majors' knowledge of and attitudinal favorability toward the teaching profession

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klemballa, Carolyn

    In light of the persistent shortage of qualified mathematics and science teachers and the new teacher qualification provisions of the recently passed No Child Left Behind Act, This study tested the impact of an educational intervention designed to enhance interest in public school teaching careers among undergraduate students who were declared/intended majors in mathematics and/or natural science. Besides salary, research reveals content fear as the biggest roadblock to attracting mathematics and science teachers. Because of this, liberal arts majors in mathematics and science are a target pool of individuals to recruit into teaching. The researcher hypothesized that knowledge and attitudinal favorability would both increase after an intervention about teaching careers and that an increase in one variable would be associated with the other. Also, knowledge and attitudinal favorability would have a greater increase after a more intensive intervention than a less intensive intervention or no intervention. The researcher also hypothesized that if undergraduates were less decided in their career, lower classmen, and female, their attitudes toward the teaching profession would increase the most. One hundred eighty-nine college students, 73 males and 116 females, including 85 freshmen, 67 sophomores, 18 juniors and 19 seniors, at University A and University B were randomly assigned to a workshop, reading, or control group. The workshop group attended a workshop about the teaching profession. The reading group read articles with the same information presented in the workshop. The control group read unrelated articles. The findings from this study indicate that an intervention about teaching does significantly increase both knowledge and attitudinal favorability toward teaching (p career indecision, undergraduate class, and gender did not have a significant relationship with attitudinal favorability towards teaching. Based on these findings, the researcher made

  1. Information Quantity and Information Value of Imported Liberal Arts Books in Colleges and Universities%高校文科图书引进的信息量与信息价值

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钱选

    2001-01-01

    How to effectively use the special fund for importing liberal arts books is an important problem. In this paper, two basic indices, information quantity and information value, are proposed. The system of factors involved in the actual measurement and the computing formulas are described. The paper points out the importance of sharing imported books and discusses how to realize resources sharing.

  2. Multiculturalism and the Mission of Liberal Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aleman, Ana M. Martinez; Salkever, Katya

    This paper examines attempts at four prototypical undergraduate liberal arts colleges to build community based on liberal educational principles and values, and investigates liberal education's ability to meet the challenges of multiculturalism. Data for the study was derived from a content analysis of archival materials from the four colleges,…

  3. Multiculturalism and the Mission of Liberal Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aleman, Ana M. Martinez; Salkever, Katya

    This paper examines attempts at four prototypical undergraduate liberal arts colleges to build community based on liberal educational principles and values, and investigates liberal education's ability to meet the challenges of multiculturalism. Data for the study was derived from a content analysis of archival materials from the four colleges,…

  4. The History, Characteristics and Enlightenment of American Liberal Arts Colleges%美国文理学院的历史与特点研究及其启示

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋盛楠

    2013-01-01

      美国文理学院是美国高等教育中别具特色的一个重要类型,历史悠久,经历多次时代的挑战。随着美国大学模式的确立,其从占据主导地位到面临生存危机,但由于坚守博雅教育理念等多方面因素而得以继续保留,并以优质而富有特色的本科教育在美国高等教育中占据一席之位。美国文理学院的发展历史和特点对我国优化高等教育结构、引导高校特色发展和凝练办学理念、促进顶尖创新人才培养上具有重要的借鉴意义。%Liberal arts colleges are an important and distinctive type in American higher education. With a long history, liberal arts colleges, used to be the dominant type in American higher education, have confronted with identity crisis, especially since university mode formed in America. Through insisting on liberal education and supplying the good-quality undergraduate education with distinctive features, liberal arts colleges still play an important role in American higher education. Therefore, the history and characteristics of American liberal arts colleges can be used for reference to higher education reforms in China.

  5. Los vinos españoles en el Liber de arte medendi (1564 de Cristóbal de Vega (1510-1573 Spanish wines in the Liber de arte medendi (1564 by Cristóbal de Vega (1510-1573

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. P. Hernández González

    2005-02-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: El Liber de arte medendi (Lyon, 1564 es la obra más relevante del catedrático de Prima de la Facultad de Medicina de la Universidad de Alcalá, el doctor Cristóbal de Vega (1510-1573. Se trata de un tratado -674 páginas in folio- de medicina teórica y práctica. Esta exposición doctrinal, erudita y libresca cambia de tono en la segunda de las tres partes, el liber II, que versa de las "cosas no naturales" del galenismo, las cuales necesariamente afectan al organismo y que, según se empleen, pueden fortalecer su salud o dañarla: aire, ejercicio físico, alimentos y bebidas, sueño, evacuaciones y pasiones del alma. Ámbito: Dentro de la sección consagrada a los alimentos y bebidas, hemos estudiado el interesante capítulo de los vinos, donde hace una valoración higiénica del vino. Material: El capítulo sobre los vinos españoles consignado en el Liber de arte medendi y algunas otras referencias a las capacidades terapéuticas de algunos de los vinos reseñados por el autor. Intervenciones: Hemos hecho un análisis crítico de dicho capítulo, glosando los textos más significativos sobre los diversos vinos españoles que menciona el autor. Resultados: En este capítulo alaba la categoría y aplicaciones higiénicas de los blancos alcarreños de Yepes, Lillo y Santorcaz, del gallego de Rivadavia, del salmantino de Cantalapiedra y de los andaluces de Jerez, Cazalla y Alanís. Encomia también los tintos suaves procedentes de Santorcaz; aunque el mejor de esta clase, por la adecuación de su temperamento a la naturaleza del hombre, sería el vino de Illana. Discusión: Se mencionan en el Liber de arte medendi los vinos de Cantalapiedra (Castilla la Vieja; Rivadavia (Galicia; Jerez, Cazalla y Alanís (Andalucía; Santorcaz, Corpa, Yepes, San Martín de Valdeiglesias, Villalbilla, Illana y Lillo (Castilla la Nueva.Objective: The Liber de arte medendi (Lyon, 1564 is the most relevant book of Prima Professor of The Faculty of

  6. El lloc de l'educació en la filosofia política com a filosofia primera. Art d'escriure i educació liberal en el Plató de Leo Strauss

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Àngel Pascual Martín

    2007-01-01

    la vie politique. En prenant cette observation, l’article soumet, à son tour, à la reconsidération le sens particulier que prend dans son étude l’une des choses politiques, l’éducation, à partir du sens qu’elle prendrait dans ce que l’oeuvre même de Strauss a de platonique, et plus concrètement, au travers des notions d’art d’écrire et d’éducation libérale.One of the principal contributions of the work of Leo Strauss to the renewal of Platonic studies was his observation that - as shown in the Dialogues - a philosophy’s first aim must be to understand its position and role in the city, in order to know how best to design and manage the conditions under which it (philosophy can flourish, to the benefit of the noblest ends in political life. This should take place before a philosophy can become the object of specific inquiry by another branch of philosophy, and before it can address itself to the city and especially to its rulers. With this in mind, the author submits for reconsideration the particular meaning acquired by one of the elements of political life – education – in the context of Strauss’s view of the Platonic, with special focus on the notions of the art of writing and the liberal education.Una de las principales aportaciones de la obra de Leo Strauss en la renovación de los estudios platónicos ha sido la consideración de que en los diálogos platónicos se nos enseñaría que antes que una filosofía, como objeto de reflexión específico al que una rama de la filosofía dedica su investigación, que se dedique a la ciudad y muy especialmente al régimen, se haría necesaria una filosofía destinada a entender cuál es su sitio y su papel en la ciudad, y en consecuencia, un saber que permitiera diseñar y gestionar las condiciones a través de las cuales hacer viva la filosofía en la ciudad en beneficio de las más altas finalidades de la vida política. Tomando esta observación, el artículo somete, a su vez, a

  7. The liberal arts and nursing programme at the University of Maine, 1939-1956. A study of leadership behaviours and organisational structure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hart, V

    2001-01-01

    The trend for nursing programmes affiliated with universities in the US began in 1909 but did not gain momentum until the 1960s with the demise of hospital schools of nursing. During the period of time covered in this study, beginning in the 1930s, a hybrid of the present day university-based nursing programme began to appear. These 'cooperative' programmes often sandwiched traditional hospital experience between years of university course work and involved a five-year commitment on the part of students. In 1939 a liberal arts and nursing programme was established at the University of Maine. It continued to operate until 1956 and then ceased to exist. In this descriptive historical study the author investigates why this particular programme was initiated, of what it consisted, and why it had failed. Primary sources accessed included original correspondence, curriculum descriptions, faculty and students reports, and administrative policies. Leadership and organisational behaviour theory was utilised as well as identification of the historical nursing backdrop. Oral history was also utilised for the purpose of verification of written data. Analysis of the data suggests implications for nursing educators and administrators, as well as telling a story of the power of nursing when viewed in the context of constituency groups in a sociopolitical model of organisations. This paper was first presented at the History of Nursing Millennium Conference in Edinburgh in July 2000.

  8. The creation of a synchronous learning environment to support a study abroad program for nursing majors at a traditional liberal arts university.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Folse, Victoria N; Jarvis, Carolyn M; Swanlund, Susan L; Timan, Mitzi Runyard

    2015-01-01

    In response to an increased need for Spanish-speaking and culturally competent nurses, a small private undergraduate-only liberal arts university implemented a semester-long study abroad program for nursing majors in Barcelona, Spain. Prior to the creation of this program, study abroad for nursing students was limited because of prelicensure requirements and limitations of a traditional nursing curriculum. Students studying in Spain enroll in four courses--including two core nursing courses delivered using Polycom hardware and telepresence software by nursing faculty who remain in the United States, a Spanish language course, and one general education course taught either by the University's Spain Director or by an experienced Spanish professor. Participants live with host families and participate in clinical and community observational experiences in Spanish health care agencies. Students then complete direct patient care requirements upon return to the United States. To our knowledge, no other undergraduate-only institution offers a semester-long study abroad experience for nursing majors embedded within the curriculum using synchronous learning; we believe our Spain program, which is in its fourth year being open to nursing majors, is truly an innovative approach to establish cultural competence for undergraduate nursing majors that could serve as a model for other schools of nursing and health disciplines. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  9. Exploring Corn-Ethanol As A Complex Problem To Teach Sustainability Concepts Across The Science-Business-Liberal Arts Curriculum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oches, E. A.; Szymanski, D. W.; Snyder, B.; Gulati, G. J.; Davis, P. T.

    2012-12-01

    stakeholders in developing and implementing policy on renewable fuels standards and ethanol production targets for the U.S. In Microeconomics students learn cost-benefit analysis and other concepts by applying economics principles to the corn ethanol problem. Following the disciplinary activities, students are asked to reconsider the central corn ethanol problem and evaluate it from a sustainability perspective. Assessment is ongoing, although initial results suggest that undergraduate students have difficulty integrating knowledge across multiple disciplines when evaluating a complex sustainability problem. Based on our initial assessment, we are exploring ways to modify the corn ethanol module as well as fine-tune the assessment instruments to provide the most effective outcomes possible. Because there are commonly institutional barriers to team teaching and other methods of cross-disciplinary instruction, we are recruiting faculty from additional disciplines to adapt and implement the corn ethanol module as a way of integrating sustainability concepts across the curriculum. Our goal is to teach complex, trans-disciplinary problem-solving and have students explore ways in which sustainability issues must be addressed through the application of concepts from the environmental and social sciences, public policy, and economics.

  10. Artificial Reef Effect in relation to Offshore Renewable Energy Conversion: State of the Art

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olivia Langhamer

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The rapid worldwide growth of offshore renewable energy production will provide marine organisms with new hard substrate for colonization, thus acting as artificial reefs. The artificial reef effect is important when constructing, for example, scour protections since it can generate an enhanced habitat. Specifically, artificial structures can create increased heterogeneity in the area important for species diversity and density. Offshore energy installations also have the positive side effect as they are a sanctuary area for trawled organisms. Higher survival of fish and bigger fish is an expected outcome that can contribute to a spillover to outer areas. One negative side effect is that invasive species can find new habitats in artificial reefs and thus influence the native habitats and their associated environment negatively. Different scour protections in offshore wind farms can create new habitats compensating for habitat loss by offshore energy installations. These created habitats differ from the lost habitat in species composition substantially. A positive reef effect is dependent on the nature and the location of the reef and the characteristics of the native populations. An increase in surface area of scour protections by using specially designed material can also support the reef effect and its productivity.

  11. Indirect laryngeal surgery in the clinical voice laboratory: the renewal of a lost art.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hogikyan, N D; Pynnonen, M

    2000-05-01

    Since the advent of precision instruments and safe techniques for direct laryngoscopic surgery under general anesthesia, indirect laryngeal surgery has become very uncommon. A review of the recent literature finds that few authors advocate indirect surgery under topical anesthesia, and many otolaryngologists dismiss this technique as being either of only historical interest or an idiosyncratic method practiced only by a handful of clinicians. The societal mandate for cost-effective healthcare and the availability of relatively low-cost, high-quality endoscopes and video equipment warrant a renewed and broader interest in this type of surgery. In this article, we review a series of 27 indirect surgical procedures performed under topical anesthesia in the clinical voice laboratory. We discuss the indications, outcomes, advantages, and disadvantages of this surgery, and we present a brief analysis of its cost-effectiveness. We conclude that indirect laryngeal surgery in the clinical voice laboratory is an effective, safe, efficient, and less costly alternative to some procedures routinely performed under general anesthesia.

  12. Liberal multiculturalism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandru Gabor

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Multiculturalism is the most recent member of political theory family and also the most contested across Western Europe. Four prime ministers publicly acknowledged the failure of „multikulti” and this contrast with the initially broad consensus in political theory on multicultural policies. Usually multiculturalism is associated with the communitarianism but there are three distinct types of justification for multiculturalism, namely the postcolonial, the communitarian and the liberal one. The article deals only with the evolution of liberal defense of multiculturalism in the political theory of William Kymlicka. Although his „liberal culturalism” became gradually more sophisticated, historic and specific circumstances of Eastern and Central Europe limit the scope of multicultural policies in this area.

  13. Investigation and Analysis on the Liberal Arts Mathematics Textbooks%对文科大学数学教材的调查分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李红玲; 顾江永; 吴耀强

    2014-01-01

    Twenty-three liberal arts mathematics textbooks from 1990 to 2012 are analyzed. Eight questions are studied, including the textbook name, main content constitutes, arrangement order of some special contents, the difference between the old and new versions, the use of new study, penetration of mathematical culture, means of the application of computer technology and the style of exercise. Then the recommendations on teaching mathematics construction are given that the compilers should note the knowledge convergence between secondary schools and colleges, determine the unified content plate, penetrate reasonably the mathematical culture, integrate appropriately the computer application and set open exercise style.%对1990-2012年这23年期间共计23本文科大学数学教材的调查分析,得到教材的发展情况,分析比较教材名称的发展,主体内容的构成,个别内容安排顺序,新旧版本之间的差异,新研究知识的使用,数学文化的渗透方式与比重,计算机技术的应用方式方法以及课后习题类型差异这几个方面,教材建设应:注意中学与大学知识的衔接;确定统一的内容板块;合理渗透数学文化;适当融入计算机应用;设置开放型的课后习题。

  14. Liberation Bibliography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fister, Barbara

    2010-01-01

    The author has been thinking about the kind of freedoms embodied in the idea of the library and the plight of the book that cannot find its reader. What can librarians do to help readers and books find one another in a world where money is going toward temporary access to corporate-controlled intellectual property? How can one liberate knowledge…

  15. Liberal multiculturalism

    OpenAIRE

    2005-01-01

    Multiculturalism is the most recent member of political theory family and also the most contested across Western Europe. Four prime ministers publicly acknowledged the failure of „multikulti” and this contrast with the initially broad consensus in political theory on multicultural policies. Usually multiculturalism is associated with the communitarianism but there are three distinct types of justification for multiculturalism, namely the postcolonial, the communitarian and the liberal one. Th...

  16. Liberal Education for Careers in Business.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walker, Eric A.

    1980-01-01

    Maintains that a liberal education is necessary for career advancement in an American corporation. Outlines the history of engineering education and gives examples of the leadership and communications skills developed through liberal arts experiences and relates anecdotes illustrating their importance in the career lives of engineering executives.…

  17. Analysis on the Learning Abilities of Liberal Arts and Science Students to the"Physiology"Course%文理科生生理学课程学习能力分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林亚珍

    2014-01-01

    生理学是一门重要的医学基础课,学好生理学将为后继的专业知识和专业技能学习打下坚实的基础。生理学学习需具备一定的生物、化学、物理、数学的基础知识,而这方面文科生较理科生薄弱。文理科生思维方式、学习方法各具特色,完成生理学学习是否会受到影响?本文以本院2012级护理专业丁班统招生158人为问卷调查对象,进行文理科生对生理学课程学习兴趣、学习能力的调查及期末考试成绩的统计,结果理科生比文科生学习兴趣更高;文理科生生理学课程学习能力有差异,尤其抽象知识理解能力有显著差异;期末考试成绩没有差异。结论:经教学干预,文理科生混合班教学不影响教学质量。%"Physiology" is an important medical foundation course, so to learn the course well will lay a solid foundation for the learning of subsequent professional knowledge and skills. Physiology learning requires certain basic knowledge of biology, chemistry, physics and mathematics, but the above knowledge of liberal arts students is weaker than that of science students. Be-sides, the thinking styles and learning methods of liberal arts and science students have their own characteristics, which will affect the learning of Physiology. With 158 Class D nursing majors of Grade 2012 in our college as the object of questionnaire survey, this paper made a statistical analysis on the learning interest, learning ability and final performance of liberal arts and science students, and the results show that the learning interest of science students is higher than that of liberal arts students; there are dif-ferences between the learning abilities of liberal arts students and science students to the "Physiology" course, especially the un-derstanding of abstract knowledge; there is no difference in final examination performance. The conclusion is that mixed class teaching for liberal arts and

  18. Comparison of Textbook Expenses of College Students Majoring In Science and Liberal Arts%文理类专业大学生教材费用支出比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    房明

    2014-01-01

    为调查和分析高校学生的教材费支出情况,以太原理工大学文理类专业本科生为研究对象,比较分析各专业学生在校期间实际教材费支出。结果表明,文理类学生平均教材费支出1442元,其中轻纺学院专业的教材费支出最多,主要是由于人们对生活质量的要求越来越高,从而对艺术领域的人才需求量越来越大。%For the investigation and analysis of college students learning materials, this paper takes taiyuan university of science and liberal arts majors as the research object, the comparative analysis of the actual materials expenses during the period of school for students from all departments. The results show that the liberal arts students learning materials spending an average of 1442 RMB, the largest textile college professional learning materials spending, mainly due to people is higher and higher requirement for the quality of life, thus the growing demand for talents in the field of art people.

  19. Artfulness

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Chemi, Tatiana

    2011-01-01

    a collage of previously published materials on Artfulness, in this journal targeted teachers for dysfunctional behaviour children.......a collage of previously published materials on Artfulness, in this journal targeted teachers for dysfunctional behaviour children....

  20. Artfulness

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Chemi, Tatiana

    2011-01-01

    a collage of previously published materials on Artfulness, in this journal targeted teachers for dysfunctional behaviour children.......a collage of previously published materials on Artfulness, in this journal targeted teachers for dysfunctional behaviour children....

  1. Documentos inéditos sobre el famoso pleito de los pintores: el largo camino recorrido por los artistas del siglo XVII para el reconocimiento de su arte como liberal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Díez-Monsalve Giménez, Juan Antonio

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available The recognition of painting as a liberal art was not the result of a single battle, but the conclusion of a long struggle by painters to defend the dignity of their art. This conflict reached its high point in the various lawsuits they undertook against the Royal Treasury, when an attempt was made to demand the same tax payments from artists as from mere artisans and tradesmen. The painters rebelled and decided to defend themselves against what they considered to be an insult to the nobility of painting and their identity as artists. In this dispute they found support in the intellectuals of their time and especially in the King, a recognized patron of artists and connoisseur of painting, as well as a practicing painter.

    El reconocimiento de la pintura como arte liberal no fue el resultado de una sola batalla, sino el final de un largo camino de lucha recorrido por los pintores en defensa de la dignidad de su arte, que tuvo su punto álgido en los diversos litigios que tuvieron que mantener frente a la Hacienda del Reino, cuando pretendió exigirles el pago de los mismos impuestos que a los demás artesanos y comerciantes. Los pintores se rebelaron y decidieron defenderse frente a lo que estimaron un agravio a la nobleza de la pintura y a su identidad como artistas. En esta lucha estuvieron apoyados por los intelectuales de la época y sobre todo por un Rey, reconocido mecenas y amante y practicante de la pintura.

  2. Reforming the World Bank: From Social-Liberalism to Neo-Liberalism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Girdwood, John

    2007-01-01

    Using an analytics of government perspective, it is argued that neo-liberalism as an art of government, especially its form as North American advanced liberal political reason, has shaped enterprise governance and managerial reform at the World Bank. With a focus on the World Bank as a financial banking enterprise, the article explores questions…

  3. ARTS

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mahadevan, Shankar; Virk, Kashif M.; Madsen, Jan

    2007-01-01

    . We present an abstract system-level modelling and simulation framework (ARTS) which allows for cross-layer modelling and analysis covering the application layer, middleware layer, and hardware layer. ARTS allows MPSoC designers to explore and analyze the network performance under different traffic...... and load conditions, consequences of different task mappings to processors (software or hardware) including memory and power usage, and effects of RTOS selection, including scheduling, synchronization and resource allocation policies. We present the application and platform models of ARTS as well...... as their implementation in SystemC. We present the usage of the ARTS framework as seen from platform developers’ point of view, where new components may be created and integrated into the framework, and from application designers’ point of view, where existing components are used to explore possible implementations...

  4. 新形势下理工科院校文科生就业问题及对策%Problems and Countermeasures of Science College Liberal Arts Students' Employment under the New Situation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李新; 高仕宁

    2016-01-01

    受高校扩招以及经济形势等多重因素的影响,毕业生就业困难问题日益突出。而身处理工科院校的文科生则因为理工学科的强势而面临更加严峻的就业形势。本人将结合工作实际分析理工科院校文科生的就业困境,并积极探索文科生就业的新模式和新途径。%Affected college enrollment and economic situation and other multiple factors, graduate employment difficulties have become increasingly prominent. The Language arts students in science and engineering colleges of science and engineer-ing is because the strong face even more severe employment situation. It will combine employment predicament analysis of the actual work of arts students in science and engineering schools, and liberal arts students to actively explore new models and new ways of employment.

  5. Construction and Management of Liberal Arts Experimental Teaching Demonstration Centers in Foreign Languages Universities and Colleges%外语类高校文科实验教学中心建设与管理模式探索

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵晶

    2013-01-01

    通过对外语类高校文科实验室的整合与建设,建立跨学科的文科实验教学中心.中心包括以下3个实验教学平台:公共实验教学平台,专业实践平台,科研创新/创业实践平台.中心创建“四位一体”的文科综合素质培养模式,重在培养学生的计算机操作技能、语言运用能力、商务实训技能和国际视野.在中心的建设和管理模式、实验教学模式、实验室队伍建设、中心开放等方面探索了一条外语类本科院校实验室建设管理的新途径.%By integrating and constructing liberal arts laboratories in university of foreign languages,an interdisciplinary and integrative liberal arts experimental teaching demonstration center was established,which consisted of the public experimental teaching platform,the professional training and experimental teaching platform,and the scientific research/innovation and entrepreneurship practice teaching platform.A comprehensive quality cultivation mode was established in the center,which focused on training students' computer skills,language skills,business training skills and international perspective.This paper discussed the construction,the management,the experimental teaching mode,the construction of the technician team,and the open of the center,so as to explore a novel way for lab construction and management in foreign languages colleges and universities.

  6. El “Liber Pontificalis de Agnello de Rávena”(s. IX), la génesis del valor histórico y de la didáctica de los “monumentos” en la “Literatura artística de Julius von Schlosser.

    OpenAIRE

    Arjones Fernández, A.

    2005-01-01

    La Nueva Historia del Arte, la Escuela de Viena, supone una renovación para la didáctica de la Historia del Arte en la medida en que reconoce "otras" utilidades al patrimonio cultural, entonces denominado "monumento". El Liber Pontificalis de Agnello fue considerado una fuente documental, la Nueva Historia del Arte concedió a este documento la condición de fuente documental para la Historia del Arte. Este trabajo se expuso en el Simposio de los códices medievales a los libros de artista: c...

  7. El “Liber Pontificalis de Agnello de Rávena”(s. IX), la génesis del valor histórico y de la didáctica de los “monumentos” en la “Literatura artística de Julius von Schlosser.

    OpenAIRE

    Arjones Fernández, A.

    2005-01-01

    La Nueva Historia del Arte, la Escuela de Viena, supone una renovación para la didáctica de la Historia del Arte en la medida en que reconoce "otras" utilidades al patrimonio cultural, entonces denominado "monumento". El Liber Pontificalis de Agnello fue considerado una fuente documental, la Nueva Historia del Arte concedió a este documento la condición de fuente documental para la Historia del Arte. Este trabajo se expuso en el Simposio de los códices medievales a los libros de artista: c...

  8. Essays on financial liberalization

    OpenAIRE

    Bumann, Silke

    2015-01-01

    This thesis investigates the effect of financial liberalization on economic growth, income inequality and financial instability. Chapter 1 describes aim and scope of the thesis. Chapter 2 provides a meta-analysis of the literature on financial liberalization and economic growth. It is found that financial liberalization has a positive, albeit weak effect on growth. Chapter 3 presents a theoretical model to study the relationship between financial liberalization and income inequality. The mode...

  9. LIBERALISM AND GLOBALIZATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SUCIU TITUS

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents the close connection that exists between liberalism and globalization. In the first part wemake a presentation of the historical evolution of liberalism, starting with the classical economic liberalism continuingwith the neo-classical liberalism emphasizing neo-liberalism and within the latter one, the monetarism. In the secondpart of the paper we present the concept of globalization considered both from an economic and from a social point ofview. Among the winners of globalization we notice the transnational companies and among the losers, the underqualifiedworkers. As a main conclusion we consider that globalization has brought about an increase in the social –economic inequities

  10. Academic Achievements of Universities'Liberal Arts Research Institutes in the Period of the Republic of China (1912-1949)%民国时期高校文科研究所的学术成绩述论

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑善庆

    2014-01-01

    The research talents in the Republic of China (1912-1949)were cultivated at its earliest by Tsinghua Institute of Traditional Sinology,thus starting the cultivation of the local research-oriented talents.Later on, some academic research institutions such as Academia Sinica were set up in succession.The research modes of both institutes were not institutionalized and popularized.In the later period of the Republic of China (1021-1949),under the initiative of the national government and the elite intellectuals,the universities'liberal arts research institutes were established extensively,thus making the institutes of historical language on a par with the historical science departments of the universities'liberal arts research institutes.In this way,the development mode for the research talents maj oring in historical science has not only realized the transformation from westernization to localization, but also provided useful references for the cultivation of today's talents.%民国研究人才的培养,最早以清华国学院为代表,开创了本土研究型人才培养的先河。后来中央研究院等学术研究机构的相继成立,两者皆未形成制度性、普及性的研究模式。民国后期,在国民政府和精英学人的倡议之下,高校文科研究所得以普遍创设,逐渐形成了史语所与高校文科研究所史学部并驾齐驱的局面,使得史学专业研究人才的培养模式,实现了由西洋化到本土化转变,更为今日人才的培养提供了有益借鉴。

  11. Research of sexual behavior and concept discrepancies between the senior students studying liberal arts and science in amiddle school of Guangzhou%广州市某中学高二文、理科学生性行为及性观念差异的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑思东

    2014-01-01

    Objectives:To study the sexual behavior and concept discrepancies between the senior students studying liberal arts and science.Methods:With the stratified cluster sampling,343 arts students and 450 science students were chosen to investigate with a self-designed questionnaire.Results:There were significant differences in sexual impulse,loving-relationships,kissing and sexual intercourse between students studying liberal arts and those studying science.Concepts of premarital sexual behavior,marriage and chastity were also of significant differ-ences.Conclusion:There are significant differences in the sexual behavior and concept between students studying liberal arts and science.Sex ratio has influence on the sex-related behaviors of students.Male students who has homosexual tendency prefer to choose the liberal arts.%目的:研究高二文理科学生性行为及性观念差异。方法:抽取343名文科学生,450名理科学生进行性行为及性观念调查。结果:文理科学生在性冲动、恋爱、接吻、性交等性相关行为方面存在显著差异,婚前性行为、婚姻恋爱关系、贞操等性观念也存在显著差异。结论:文理科学生的婚恋观、性观念有显著差异;性别的比例对性相关行为有影响;有同性恋倾向的男生更偏向选择文科。

  12. Holistic methods of foreign-language instruction as precursors of a renewed interest in the theatre arts for language teaching

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Udo O.H. Jung

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available During the last fifteen years new methods of teaching have been introduced to the foreign language teacher who was raised on an audio lingual diet. These teachers prefer teaching to learning, because teaching a subject in accordance with acknowledged tricks of the trade is what teachers are there for. Unfortunately, words such as teaching, learning and method have been semantically disappropriated during the period of change. The audiolinguist conceived teaching as a series of steps anchored in the logic of behaviourism, while to the methodologist of today teaching seems to be more or less identical with waiting for learning to happen. The author gives brief descriptions of some methodologies, establishes the metaphor of theatre arts as a suitable denominator for all holistic methods and presents arguments in favour of a revival of the theatre arts as a means of promoting foreign language learning. Gedurende die laaste vyftien jaar is verskeie rtuwe metodes vir dieaanleer van vreemde tale bekendgestel. Vir die onderwyser in vreemde tale wat nog opgegroei het in 'n oudiolinguale atmosfeer is dit uiteraard vreemd. Hierdie onderwysers het nog onderrig verkies eerder as aanleer. Die onderrig van 'n vak in ooreenstemming met erkende kunsgrepe is immers waarvoor onderwysers daar is. Gedurende die periode van verandering is daar egter op semantiese vlak 'n vraagteken geplaas oor woorde soos "onderrig", "aanleer" en "metode". Vir die oudiolinguis is onderrig 'n reeks stappe wat vloei uit die logika van die behaviorisme, terwyl die metodoloog van vandag onderrig eerder si en as 'n wagproses op leer om te gebeur. Die outeur gee kort beskrywings van sekere metodes, hy beklemtoon die uitvoerende kunste as toepaslike gemene deler vir alle holistiese metodes en hy bepleit 'n herlewing van die teaterkunste as 'n manier om die aanleer van vreemde tale te bevorder.

  13. Being an Artist Teacher: A Liberating Identity?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thornton, Alan

    2011-01-01

    Education as a liberating and democratic process remains an aim and belief in discourses within the field and beyond. The arts also have a tradition in which "artistic freedom" is valued even if what constitutes artistic freedom is contested. In this article an educational discourse in which dialogue is considered a means to personal and…

  14. The Liberal Education of STEM Majors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wolfson, Adele J.; Cuba, Lee; Day, Alexandra

    2015-01-01

    Liberal arts colleges produce a disproportionate number of PhDs in the sciences (National Science Foundation 2008), and knowledgeable observers praise the "cross-training" of these colleges' science majors (Cech 1999; Connell 2004; Ekman 2007; Pascarella et al. 2004; Steitz 2001; Tilghman 2010). While many of the positive outcomes of…

  15. Difficulties in medical course study of liberal arts students and countermeasures:A case study of health administration specialty%文科生学习医学课程中存在的困难与对策研究--以卫生事业管理专业为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯晨; 王前强

    2014-01-01

    医学院校文科生受学科背景以及教学方法的影响,在医学课程的学习过程中存在着许多困难。文章以卫生事业管理专业为例,分析了文科生在学习医学课程中的困难及成因,并提出相应的对策和建议。%Due to their academic background and teaching methods , liberal arts students at medical colleges have many difficulties during medical course study .Taking the specialty of health administration as an example , the paper explores the difficulties and causes of liberal arts students 'difficulties in learning medical courses , and puts forward corresponding countermeasures and suggestions .

  16. FACTORS REGULATING LIBERAL TRANSLATION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龚海红

    2012-01-01

    Literal translation and liberal translation are two important methods and both play key roles in translation.However,some textbooks say that most translations are literal translations while others maintain most are liberal ones,besides,some others suggest a combination of the two.This paper focuses on the facts that regulate liberal translation.Because of the differences in culture,society,history,geography,and so on,there exists a great difference between Chinese language and English language,which does naturally lead to the liberal translation.

  17. Freedom, liberalism, multiculturalism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stanković-Pejnović Vesna

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available In this article author proves connection between liberalism and multiculturalism in individual‘s political freedom. Individual freedom connected with political participation, in multicultural contexts, can be shown as means to achieve group recognition demands. Liberal conception of liberty in multicultural context shows that a major interest of multicultural groups through political participation necessary respect individual’s liberty. Multiculturalism follows liberal demand for freedom of choice and participation as preconditions for self determination determined by the reason, but through politics of difference, because for multiculturalism is not acceptable liberal thesis of cultural homogenous society.

  18. The renewable energies state of the art and perspectives in Italy; Les energies renouvelables etat des lieux et perspectives en Italie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jaouen, M.; Racault, C

    2005-06-15

    Renewable energies are inexhaustible energies, meanwhile not enough exploited. This document presents the technical description of the different renewable energies sources and their repartition in the european union. A special part is devoted to the italian situation to show the poor utilization of the renewable energies and the gap between the situation and the objectives of the White Book. (A.L.B.)

  19. Liberal nationalism on immigration

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lægaard, Sune

    2009-01-01

    Liberal nationalists such as David Miller and Will Kymlicka have claimed that liberal principles have implausible implications with regard to the issue of immigration. They hold that nationality should play a normative role in this regard, and that this is necessary in order to justify restrictio...

  20. Liberating Moral Reflection

    Science.gov (United States)

    Horell, Harold D.

    2013-01-01

    The author argues that if we are to foster life-giving and liberating moral reflection, we must first liberate moral reflection from distortions; specifically, from the distorting effects of moral insensitivity, destructive moral relativism, and confusions resulting from a failure to understand the dynamics of moral reflection. The author proposes…

  1. Liberating Moral Reflection

    Science.gov (United States)

    Horell, Harold D.

    2013-01-01

    The author argues that if we are to foster life-giving and liberating moral reflection, we must first liberate moral reflection from distortions; specifically, from the distorting effects of moral insensitivity, destructive moral relativism, and confusions resulting from a failure to understand the dynamics of moral reflection. The author proposes…

  2. Branding and liberal autonomy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Terlaak, E.

    2011-01-01

    Are you manipulated by branding campaigns? This book addresses this question by drawing on work in both philosophy and psychology. It does so from the perspective of the liberal state. As such, manipulation is understood as the violation of liberal autonomy. The central claims are that, on this defi

  3. Essays on financial liberalization

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bumann, Silke

    2015-01-01

    This thesis investigates the effect of financial liberalization on economic growth, income inequality and financial instability. Chapter 1 describes aim and scope of the thesis. Chapter 2 provides a meta-analysis of the literature on financial liberalization and economic growth. It is found that fin

  4. Correlates of Divorce Liberality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jorgensen, Stephen R.; Johnson, Alberta C.

    1980-01-01

    Childless spouses were significantly more liberal toward divorce than were spouses with children, with childless wives being the most liberal of all. Husbands were more influenced by the perceived quality of the marital relationship, in support of cognitive dissonance theory. (Author)

  5. Essays on financial liberalization

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bumann, Silke

    2015-01-01

    This thesis investigates the effect of financial liberalization on economic growth, income inequality and financial instability. Chapter 1 describes aim and scope of the thesis. Chapter 2 provides a meta-analysis of the literature on financial liberalization and economic growth. It is found that

  6. The soundtrack of liberation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mehring, F.

    2014-01-01

    We’ve all seen them: the pictures of Dutch girls on Canadian tanks, the waving crowds, and the people dancing in the street. The images of the liberation are burned into our collective memory. But how did that liberation sound? Much less is known about that. What sort of music was played? What were

  7. LA APERTURA LIBERAL: CHOQUE DE PARADIGMAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mauricio Calderón B.

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available En el presente artículo se discuten los alcances de la estrategia liberal en el caso de la economía costarricense, principalmente desde la perspectiva de su paradoja de realización; es decir, la conformación de condiciones implica imposibilidad de objetivos. Como argumento de fondo se explora el hecho de que la vigencia del paradigma de la competencia imperfecta (con un claro dominio de monopolios y oligopolios, fortalecida con el proceso aperturista, no crea condiciones para el advenimiento del paradigma de la competencia perfecta, condición esencial para el logro de objetivos de la propuesta liberal.

  8. 河南科技大学文理教学组团环境整合设计%DESIGN OF INTEGRATED ENVIRONMENT OF HENAN UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY LIBERAL ARTS TEACHING GROUP

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王燕飞; 刘丰军; 张芳芳; 赵亮

    2015-01-01

    Starting from the construction process of China’ s colleges and universities and the development process of green buildings, it was pointed out that the deficiencies of green energy-saving building concept in the construction of universities and colleges during the end of last century, which resulted in the drawbacks of a large number of existing university buildings, where little attention was paid to the idea of environmentally-friendly design.Taking the design of Henan University of Science and Technology liberal arts teaching group for example, it was elaborated the functions of college teaching group on the environmental space, natural ecology, human needs etc.It was explored and summarized the technical strategies of college teaching group under the evaluation system of green building design.%从我国高校建设发展过程以及绿色建筑发展历程入手,指出了20世纪末高校建设中绿色节能建筑理念的缺失,导致现有大量高校建筑存在节能环保缺陷。以河南科技大学文理教学组团整合设计为例,阐述高校教学组团的环境空间、自然生态、人文需求等功能属性,并通过工程实践,探索总结了高校教学组团在绿色建筑设计评价体系下的技术策略。

  9. Teaching reflections on the course Documentation Science in the liberal arts specialty of college%高校文科专业文献学教学的反思

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    余全介

    2011-01-01

    Documentary Science,as a voluntary course,is usually squeezed by the courses like Documentary Retrieval;as a compulsory course,is sometimes restricted by the students' subjective and objective factors.This paper holds that Documentation Science should be set as a basic course to the students of liberal arts because it can guide the scholarly research of literature,history and philosophy and is extremely important to help students construct and perfect their knowledge system.To improve the teaching,the teacher should adjust teaching strategies by changing the conception of Documentation Science,blending it harmoniously with the studies of Chinese culture,enriching his/her own academic content and elevating his/her own culture character.%针对文献学课程作为选修课常常受到文献检索等课程的挤压,作为必修课又受到教学对象主、客观两方面因素的制约的情况,提出文献学对于文史哲等专业的治学研究有指导作用,对于学生知识体系的建构和完善有着非同一般的意义,应该成为文科专业的基础课。改进文献学的教学现状,教师必须注意文献学观念的转变,注意与国学教育相融合,提升自己的学术含量,提高自己的文化品格,实现教学策略的调整。

  10. 文科研究生学术道德失范及教育对策∗%The Academic Moral Anomie of Liberal Arts Graduate Students and the Educational Countermeasures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈倩玥; 何云峰; 张丽

    2015-01-01

    学术道德失范是近年来教育界十分关注的问题。文科研究生的学术道德失范,主要表现在学术精神缺失,学术责任感弱以及学术不端行为频发等方面。其根源在于社会环境的压力、学术评价及监督制度不完善、导师的引导力弱以及研究生自身学业倦怠等方面。要改变这种现状就必须从加强学术道德的宣传教育,完善评价监督机制,加强导师的责任感并且强化研究生的自我教育管理。%In recent years the academic moral anomie has turned out to be one of the focuses in academia, and the academic moral anomie on part of liberal arts graduate students is mainly manifested in lack of academic spirit and responsi-bility, frequent academic misconducts, and imperfect of academic assessment and supervision system, so on and so forth. It is also due to the weak guidance of the tutor and the academic burnout in graduate students. In order to solve this prob-lem, universities should strengthen the publicity and education of academic moral, improve the evaluation and supervisory mechanism, strengthen the tutor′s sense of responsibility and the graduate students′self-education.

  11. Art in American Higher Institutions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feldman, Edmund Burke, Ed.

    This volume of 11 articles contains a comprehensive statement about the visual arts as they are encountered in post-secondary education. The articles are: (1) "Art and the Liberal Arts: A Trivial, Artificial, Irrelevant Antagonism" by Albert Bush-Brown; (2) "The Arts in Higher Education: A Question of Priorities" by Lawrence Dennis; (3) "Access to…

  12. Approaches to liberalizing services

    OpenAIRE

    Stephenson, Sherry M.

    1999-01-01

    Inly since completion of the Uruguay Round have developing countries in East AsOnly since completion of the Uruguay Round have developing countries in East Asia and the Western Hemisphere shown interest in liberalizing services. Ambitious effortsare now being made to incorporate services in liberalization objectives of both sub-regional and regional integration efforts, including in the Asia-Pacific region under APEC and in the Western Hemisphere under the Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTA...

  13. The Paradoxes of Liberalism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thompson, Grahame

    2011-01-01

    Jakob Vestergaard has produced one of the most telling analyses of the international financial architecture by deploying a broadly Foucauldian framework that invokes a novel description of neo-liberal governance, one organized around discipline, conditional exceptions and the pursuit of a ‘proper...... economy’. This review both welcomes but challenges some of Vestergaard's analysis. In so doing it explores further the paradoxes of liberalism and the fate of sovereignty in the current international context....

  14. Financial Liberalization Or Repression?

    OpenAIRE

    Ang, James

    2009-01-01

    While financial liberalization has always been advocated in developing countries, experiences with it do not always produce desirable outcomes. In order to evaluate the costs and benefits associated with financial liberalization and repression, this study highlights that the overall effectiveness of the reform programs depends on the relative strength of each financial sector policy implemented. Using India as a case study, the results indicate that interest rate controls, statutory liquidity...

  15. Industrial Chemistry and the Liberal Arts Curriculum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Wayne L.

    1981-01-01

    Suggests reasons why courses in industrial chemistry are desirable, briefly outlines the course taught at Colby College (Maine) for the past four years, and points out some lessons learned from this experience. (Author/SK)

  16. Electronic Instrumentation at the Liberal Arts College.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keedy, Curtis R.; Abele, John C.

    1985-01-01

    Describes a two-term course in electronic instrumentation for chemistry and physics students. The first term focuses on analog circuits and the measurement of voltage, current, and impendance. The second-term course focuses on digital pulses/logic, microcomputer organization, and assembly language programing and interfacing to experiments. (JN)

  17. Technological Literacy and the Liberal Arts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Friedman, Edward A., Ed.

    1980-01-01

    Programs that illustrate the ways in which colleges and universities are helping students understand technological methods and issues are described. Some of the programs approach technological literacy from a humanities vantage point that integrates technology into the coursework, while others employ a strict technological approach that touches…

  18. "Il Miglior Fabbro": Making Space for Liberal Learning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harrington, John P.

    1996-01-01

    Examples are offered of programs at the Cooper Union (New York) in which liberal and professional education, arts, and sciences are brought together. Included are a study trip to Rome to examine historical design as manifested in 17th-century art and architecture, a seminar on the mutual influence of words and images, and three capstone seminars…

  19. Three Liberal Theories of Justice

    OpenAIRE

    Jiří MACHÁČEK

    2013-01-01

    The mail goal of this thesis is to introduce the modern theory of liberal justice with a focus on distributive justice. In addition, the author addresses the issue of value neutrality in the liberal state and the concept of equality in liberal theory. The author presents the concept of "justice as fairness" described by liberal political philosopher John Rawls. Afterwards his concept is subjected to criticism of other contemporary liberal philosophers Robert Nozick and Ronald Dworkin. The aut...

  20. Exploration on Liberal Art Students’Core Competency in Engineering Universities Under the Version of Auditing Appraisal%审核评估视角下理工科高校文科生核心能力培养模式探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐利兰

    2016-01-01

    Under the condition of dual dilemmas of liberal art student cultivation in engineer-ing universities,Xi’an Polytechnic University requested to survey problems of liberal art student cultivation in engineering faculties with four degrees of auditing appraisals and a-butting jointed cultivating model of liberal art student cultivation in engineering schools.By grasping core capabilities of nourishing students in aspects of literal writing,oral express-ing,interpersonal communicating,the university adjusted cultivating plan,optimized cur-ricula,improved teaching and enhancing practice in second classrooms to achieve the target of requests in auditing appraisal.%在工科院校的文科生培养出现“进口”和“出口”两难情况下,西安工程大学以审核评估的“四度”要求审视工科院校文科生培养的问题,以审核评估的“四度”标准对接工科院校文科人才的培养模式,以培养学生“文字写作、口头表达、人际沟通”等核心能力为抓手,通过培养计划的调整、课程的优化、课堂教学改进及第二课堂的实践,努力实现审核评估所要求的“四度”。

  1. 指向课程核心技能训练的文科实验性教学设计研究*--以《公共政策概论》为例%On the Design of Experimental Teaching of Liberal Arts for Curriculum-oriented Core Skills Training---A Case Study of the Introduction to Public Policy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    闻待

    2015-01-01

    实验性教学是当今大学教学改革的一个重要内容。对于大学文科教学来说,实验性教学通过提供一种低成本、无风险的模拟情境,沟通了基础理论与核心技能,使得内隐知识显性化,提高了学生学习的兴趣,有助于学生认识复杂社会、提升问题解决能力。本文以文科类课程为例,探讨了文科实验性教学设计如何指向课程核心技能的训练,并以《公共政策概论》课程为例探讨了实验性教学的具体设计。%Experimental teaching is an important content in the current teaching reform of college education .For the teaching of liberal arts in college ,experimental teaching links up the basic theory and core skills by providing stimulant situation of low cost and no risks ,making implicit knowledge become explicit ,improving students’ interest ,helping students to understand the complex society and enhancing the ability to solve problems .In this paper ,the author takes a curriculum of the liberal arts as an example ,discussing how experimental teaching design of liberal arts orients to the training of curriculum core skills ,and takes the course of Introduction to Public Policy as an example to dis‐cuss the detailed design of experimental teaching .

  2. 实验教学“冰山学说”浅谈——实验教学融合人文教育%The “Iceberg Theory” of Experimental Teaching——A Combination of Experimental Teaching with Liberal Arts Education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    詹伟达; 韩太林; 李全勇; 李洪祚

    2012-01-01

    Science and engineering education should not separate from liberal arts education in science and engineering universities because liberal arts education exerts a subtle effect on talents. Experimental teaching, to a certain extent, determines the development of a university, thus it is necessary to combine experimental teaching with liberal arts education in order to cultivate versatile talents. This paper innovatively proposed the "iceberg theory" of experimental teaching, and emphatically expounds on the main strategies and measures for the combination of liberal arts education with experimental teaching. The " iceberg theory" of experimental teaching provides a novel speculative perspective and cognitive mode for higher education teachers, and the novel teaching method is expected to be one of the most effective measures to solve the difficult problems in education reform, such as the poor teaching quality of the present experiment and the inefficiency of talents cultivation.%理工科大学的科学教育和人文教育不可割裂,人文教育对人才培养具有潜移默化的作用,实验教学在一定程度上决定了一所大学的建设和发展水平,实验教学融合人文教育是高素质、高质量人才培养的必经之途.提出实验教学“冰山学说”,重点阐述实验教学融合人文教育的主要策略和几点措施,实验教学“冰山学说”为教育工作者提供一个新的思辨角度和认知方式,实验教学融合人文教育有望成为破解现阶段实验教学质量差和人才培养水平低这一教育教学改革难题的有效途径之一.

  3. Exporting EU Liberalism Eastwards

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lynn M. Tesser

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available There is much more to liberalism in the post communist context than has been acknowledged. A sizeable effort has indeed emerged to transplant a relatively coherent liberal ideology to the region, one exported not merely through the conditionality of international financial institutions, but also through the conditionality and socialization of organizations like the NATO, OSCE, EU, and the Council of Europe. ‘EU liberalism’ includes the ‘standard’ liberal emphasis on individual rights, the rule of law, constitutional democracy, freedom, and market economics as well as support for minority rights, and a seemingly schizophrenic emphasis on economic integration that involves, first bringing down borders for the free movement of people, goods, capital, and services between member states, and second, market regulation to diminish the social downsides of capitalism. This paper outlines EU liberalism’s emergence and its application to Central and East European countries.

  4. An over painted oriental arts: Evaluation of the development of the Chinese renewable energy market using the wind power market as a model

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yu, James [19, Sutherland Crescent, Dundee, Scotland, DD2 2HP (United Kingdom); Ji, Fuxing; Zhang, Ling [Sinopec Management Institution, Lishuiqiao Beijia 1, Bejing, 100012 (China); Chen, Yushou [Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing, 210042 (China)

    2009-12-15

    China is now the largest CO{sub 2} polluter in the world. However, the renewable energy policies in China are controversial and one can easily draw the wrong conclusions that Chinese renewable energy development has taken off from a surface assessment of the policies. By investigating and summarizing the first-hand experiences of participation in the Chinese renewable market (mainly wind farm development) in the past five years, this paper provides another dimension of policy analysis and independent review of the current issues facing the market. An investigation of policy changes and consequences clearly demonstrates the transformation of the Chinese renewable market. The domestic manufacturing quality and unprofessional design of wind farms made most developers' financial returns unrealistic in the wind market. Despite the difficulties and inconsistency in the system, China is tackling environmental issues seriously and heading in the right direction. With centrally controlled management, the Chinese strategies do not have to be justified financially. It is envisioned by the authors that re-organizing over 70 existing Chinese wind turbine manufacturers is unavoidable. Establishment of an internal renewable market, such as Renewable Obligation Certificate (ROC) system in the UK whose effectiveness is another subject of debate, would be an effective means by which the Chinese government in their post-2012 strategy could make the wind market more financially viable. (author)

  5. 建構社區文化圖像之藝術行動課程:「行動學習」導向在大學通識藝術教育上的應用 Art Action Programs that Establish Community Cultural Image: Application of “Action Learning” to Art Curriculum Programs in Liberal Education in Universities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    廖敦如 Tun-Ju Liao

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available 現今的教育場域已逐漸向外擴散,範圍不再限於校園內,議題也擴及社會及職場,高等教育希冀能培養出積極參與各種公共事務的學生;而針對大學的通識藝術教育,應該設計什麼課題?活用何種教學方式?讓大學生能夠將藝術學習,內化成一種能力,進而成為一位生活藝術的實踐者,是本研究關切的議題。本研究採用行動研究法,研究目的為:一、發展「行動學習」為教學策略之「社區文化」主題式通識藝術課程;二、進行本課程之實施成效評量。其課程實施結果為:一、「行動學習」的教學策略融入藝術課程中,可引發學生藝術實踐與藝術改革的行動力;二、「社區文化」為議題的藝術課程,可以逐年更換其社區行動場域,透過課程內容深化學生與社區文化的互動;三、透過多元評量機制的建立,可多面相地瞭解學生的學習歷程與學習成效。 The educational field nowadays has been gradually expanding, whose range is not limited to campus anymore, and the issues related have also extended to both society and workplace. Besides, the higher education wishes to foster students to become active in participating in public affairs. In respect of the art liberal education in universities, what courses should be designed and what teaching methods can be applied to enable students to internalize art learning to a kind of ability and further become practitioners of art of living are the issues on which the research concentrates. For this reason, action research is applied with the research purposes of (1 developing a “community culture” with a theme-based general art knowledge course in which “action learning” as a teaching strategy and (2 assessing the performance of this course. The results of implementing this course are: (1 the community action settings of the art courses with “community culture

  6. Demystifying Experiential Learning in the Performing Arts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kindelan, Nancy

    2010-01-01

    The pedagogy of performing arts courses in theatre, film, music, and dance programs found in most liberal arts curricula is clearly experiential insofar as the making of art involves active engagement in classroom activities or events that are staged or filmed. But because many educators outside the arts perceive performing arts programs as solely…

  7. Renewal processes

    CERN Document Server

    Mitov, Kosto V

    2014-01-01

    This monograph serves as an introductory text to classical renewal theory and some of its applications for graduate students and researchers in mathematics and probability theory. Renewal processes play an important part in modeling many phenomena in insurance, finance, queuing systems, inventory control and other areas. In this book, an overview of univariate renewal theory is given and renewal processes in the non-lattice and lattice case are discussed. A pre-requisite is a basic knowledge of probability theory.

  8. Deontological Liberalism: The Political Philosophy of Liberal Adult Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lawson, Kenneth

    1985-01-01

    Explores the ideology of individualism implicit in liberal adult education and relates it to the political philosophy of "deontological" liberalism. This form of liberalism is traced briefly from its origins in the 17th century to modern restatements by influential writers such as John Rawls and Robert Nozick. (Author/CT)

  9. Deontological Liberalism: The Political Philosophy of Liberal Adult Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lawson, Kenneth

    1985-01-01

    Explores the ideology of individualism implicit in liberal adult education and relates it to the political philosophy of "deontological" liberalism. This form of liberalism is traced briefly from its origins in the 17th century to modern restatements by influential writers such as John Rawls and Robert Nozick. (Author/CT)

  10. Millian Liberal Feminism Today.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tulloch, Gail

    1989-01-01

    It is proposed that John Stuart Mill's principles on liberal feminism are still relevant and have not yet been fully implemented. A Millian account of equality of opportunity and discrimination is developed, and current measures in the field of sexual equality are critiqued. (Author/MSE)

  11. Rawls, Neustadt, & Liberal Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marcy,Mary B .

    2004-01-01

    Within the span of a year, higher education?and indeed liberal education?lost two of its most prominent practitioners. John Rawls and Richard Neustadt, two scholars whose work provoked new engagement in areas of public policy, political philosophy, political leadership, and the study of government, died between November 2002 and November 2003.…

  12. LIBER 2010 / Mihkel Volt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Volt, Mihkel

    2010-01-01

    LIBER-i 2010. aasta konverentsi pealkirjaks oli "Taasavastades raamatukogu - uue infokeskkonna väljakutsed". Århusis toimunud konverentsil käsitleti nii teadusraamatukogu rolli e-teaduses ja e-õppes, teavikute massilist digiteerimist ja kollektsioonide säilitamist kui ka "taasavastatud raamatukogu" juhtimist, arutleti nende teemade kombineerimisvõimaluste üle

  13. Liberalism Lost in Translation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Philipsen, Lise

    2013-01-01

    What happens to the liberal democratic ideals of human security and peacebuilding when they travel to the radically different post-conflict setting of Sierra Leone? Through its peacebuilding strategy the UN has been able to establish new grounds for exercising power. By aiming to secure the peace...

  14. Dworkin's liberal egalitarianism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Darlei Dall'Agnol

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper sorts out the main elements in Dworkin's political philosophy called here "liberal egalitarianism". To reach this aim, it reconstructs his legal theory and his understanding of citizens' most fundamental right, namely the right to equal concern and respect. Moreover, it analyzes his attempt to reconcile this formal equality, as well as a more substantial equality, with freedom.

  15. LIBER 2010 / Mihkel Volt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Volt, Mihkel

    2010-01-01

    LIBER-i 2010. aasta konverentsi pealkirjaks oli "Taasavastades raamatukogu - uue infokeskkonna väljakutsed". Århusis toimunud konverentsil käsitleti nii teadusraamatukogu rolli e-teaduses ja e-õppes, teavikute massilist digiteerimist ja kollektsioonide säilitamist kui ka "taasavastatud raamatukogu" juhtimist, arutleti nende teemade kombineerimisvõimaluste üle

  16. Liberalism Lost in Translation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Philipsen, Lise

    2013-01-01

    What happens to the liberal democratic ideals of human security and peacebuilding when they travel to the radically different post-conflict setting of Sierra Leone? Through its peacebuilding strategy the UN has been able to establish new grounds for exercising power. By aiming to secure the peace...

  17. Millian Liberal Feminism Today.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tulloch, Gail

    1989-01-01

    It is proposed that John Stuart Mill's principles on liberal feminism are still relevant and have not yet been fully implemented. A Millian account of equality of opportunity and discrimination is developed, and current measures in the field of sexual equality are critiqued. (Author/MSE)

  18. On design as liberal art: The art of advancements

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mariş, I.

    2014-01-01

    This dissertation illustrates the process of designing for online and offline interaction in a museum context. The project consisted of the design and development of an online community platform for the museum visitors as well as of interactive, participative exhibitions inside the museum. Theoretic

  19. Research on the employment of liberal arts majors and countermeasures in universities featuring science and technology---a case study of School R in University A%理工科背景下文科就业现状及对策研究--以 A大学 R 学院为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张娜

    2016-01-01

    in order to solve the problems involved in the employment of liberal arts majors and countermeasure in universities featuring science and technology , this paper conducts a case study of students majoring in politics and administration in School R in University A .Based on the analysis of the present situation of employment and the problems met by the students when seeking employment , this paper tries to put forward some effective coun-termeasures to boost the employment of liberal arts majors in universities featuring science and technology .%为更好解决理工科院校文科专业就业热点和难题,主要采取个案研究的方法,以A大学R学院政治学与行政学基础文科专业为例,通过就业现状和就业问题分析,试图提出理工科院校促进文科就业的有效策略。

  20. 内地高校文科数字艺术教育现状研究——以中国大学生(文科)计算机设计大赛为例%On the Current Digital Arts Education in Liberal Arts Education in Inland China —— A Case Study of Computer Design Contest for University Students of Liberal Arts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡思远

    2012-01-01

    文章以在中国大学生(文科)计算机设计大赛上进行的抽样调查数据为依据,通过对样本的数字艺术学习动因、学习习惯和学习环境的分析发现:当下国内数字艺术教育还处在起步阶段,主要问题有生源问题、师资投入问题、学科影响力问题和教学理念问题。针对这些问题从人文角度和市场角度两方面提出了解决方案,包括数字艺术教育应该在当代教育中将起点提前、国内人才的启蒙模式应该从兴趣出发、注重网络资源的整合利用、加强师资队伍的建设、把握市场动向以细化数字艺术教育的培养方向、注重实践型人才的培养等,从而形成中国自己的数字艺术教育特色。%The thesis is based on the sample survey data collected from the Computer Design Contest for University Students of Hberal Arts. According to the analysis of the study motivation,study habits and study environment of the digital arts,it's easy to find that the digital arts education in China is now at the initial stage. There still exist some problems,such as the enrollment,the faculty investment,the discipline influ- ence, and the teaching concepts and so on.Aiming at these problems,the thesis puts forward the counte~s from the perspectives ~ff hu- manities and market. Digital arts education in contemporary education should start earlier;the enlightenment mode for talents in China should be focused on fimir interests; the integral application of intemet resources should be emphasized; the construction of the faculty team should be strengthened; the market trend should be noticed in order to specialize the cultivation orientation of digital arts education; the cultivation of prac- rice - oriented talents should also be emphasized. Only in this way, can digital arts education with Chinese characteristics be formed.

  1. Moral Foundations of Contemporary Liberalism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dušan Pavlović

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This essay is an inquiry into the fundamentals of contemporary liberalism. I defend the following claim: the premises of contemporary liberal theory cannot avoid referring to the ideal of equality of individuals in some way. equality is a principle to orga­nize the fundamental level of the theory from which to derive the principles for organi­zing liberal institutions. To support these claims, I distinguish justificatory from perfectio­nist liberalism, and then look into some of the most relevant theories of contemporary political philosophy that provide the ethical basis for contemporary liberalism.

  2. Liberal Education and the English Department: Or, English as a Trivial Pursuit.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bialostosky, Don H.

    1988-01-01

    In a response to the Minnesota Conference on the Future of Doctoral Study in English, argues that literary theory has redirected attention to the medieval liberal arts of grammar, rhetoric, and dialectic. (JK)

  3. The Making of the Liberal College: Alexander Meiklejohn at Amherst.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brennan, Robert Thomas

    1988-01-01

    Surveys the history and curricular changes of Amherst College from its founding in 1821 through the administration of Alexander Meiklejohn in 1912. Assesses Meiklejohn's impact upon the development of Amherst as a liberal arts college, and analyses the events surrounding his dismissal. (SLM)

  4. Renewable Energy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Bent Erik

    Bent Sorensen’s Renewable Energy: Physics, Engineering, Environmental Impacts, Economics and Planning, Fifth Edition, continues the tradition by providing a thorough and current overview of the entire renewable energy sphere. Since its first edition, this standard reference source helped put...... renewable energy on the map of scientific agendas. Several renewable energy solutions no longer form just a marginal addition to energy supply, but have become major players, with the promise to become the backbone of an energy system suitable for life in the sustainability lane. This volume is a problem...... structured around three parts in order to assist readers in focusing on the issues that impact them the most for a given project or question. PART I covers the basic scientific principles behind all major renewable energy resources, such as solar, wind, and biomass. PART II provides in-depth information...

  5. Political liberalism and religious claims

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-01-01

    This article gives an overview of 4 important lacunae in political liberalism and identifies, in a preliminary fashion, some trends in the literature that can come in for support in filling these blind spots, which prevent political liberalism from a correct assessment of the diverse nature of religious claims. Political liberalism operates with implicit assumptions about religious actors being either ‘liberal’ or ‘fundamentalist’ and ignores a third, in-between group, namely traditionalist religious actors and their claims. After having explained what makes traditionalist religious actors different from liberal and fundamentalist religious actors, the author develops 4 areas in which political liberalism should be pushed further theoretically in order to correctly theorize the challenge which traditional religious actors pose to liberal democracy. These 4 areas (blind spots) are: (1) the context of translation; (2) the politics of exemptions; (3) the multivocality of theology; and (4) the transnational nature of norm-contestation. PMID:28344375

  6. Stock markets liberalization affects volatility?

    OpenAIRE

    Ioan Alin NISTOR; Maria-Lenuţa CIUPAC-ULICI; GHERMAN Mircea-Cristian

    2012-01-01

    Regarding the impact of liberalization, the results show that, in general, market opening is accompanied by a significant increase in market volatility. In particular, volatility tends to decrease due to large capital inflows and domestic growth.The study analyzes the impact of stock market liberalization on volatility in six emerging stock markets by using GARCH methodology. Theory on the effects of financial liberalization on volatility has been ambiguous, and empirical work has yielded con...

  7. On market integration of renewable energies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schroeer, Sebastian

    2014-12-05

    Since the liberalization of electricity and gas markets in Europe, the energy sector has changed in every respect with one constant: most actors have underestimated renewable energies with regard to their growth, their economies of scale and their impact on existing energy markets. If that trend continues, the urgency for policy measures will increase. Given the security of supply, integration of renewables into energy markets is necessary to replace fossil and nuclear capacities. However, the further development of renewable energies plays a crucial role in the ability to meet the energy and climate policy targets. Thus, it increases the need for regulation to achieve societally desirable outcomes. This thesis has examined the effects of renewable energies on existing energy markets. It has also investigated the various other cost-efficient options that policy makers have in striving to reach energy and climate policy targets. We assumed that cost efficiency is a relevant side condition. In the past, this has not always been the case. Today, cost efficiency is definitely relevant and might also be an essential target in the future (see Bundesregierung 2013, p. 50). We contributed to the analysis of power prices as a result of increasing shares of renewables by showing that shutting down conventional capacities will have a merit order effect. This is necessary if renewable energies are to replace fossil and nuclear capacities. Any discussion of a change of market design should make mention of this effect, since spot market revenues impact a company's behaviour within potential capacity markets. From a consumer perspective, we have shown that there is a substantial need for secured capacity with low marginal costs to keep spot prices stable. This outcome has important implications for policy makers if they are to provide consumers with low-cost renewable market integration. Policy makers have numerous ways to reach policy targets than rapidly expanding

  8. States of Liberation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sen, Somdeep

    2015-01-01

    When Hamas won the 2006 Palestinian Legislative Council elections it was a critical juncture in the life of a Palestinian faction that had, over the years, garnered the status of an iconic armed resistance. Was it viable, scholars asked, for the organization to maintain its position of resistance...... in the context of the Palestinian quest for liberation. Based on ethnographic fieldwork in the Gaza Strip, the West Bank, Israel and Egypt, this dissertation argues that resistance and governance serve as means of emboldening the signature of Palestinian existence – as a cause and as a people. Hamas’ resistance...

  9. Liberal Values at a Time of Neo-Liberalism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Evans, Mary

    2014-01-01

    Critical responses to changes in UK higher education have emerged from various quarters. This article suggests that some of these responses are collusive with neo-liberalism and that a greater attention might be paid to the possibilities of the word "liberal" and to the more democratic implications of certain US initiatives.

  10. Liberal Values at a Time of Neo-Liberalism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Evans, Mary

    2014-01-01

    Critical responses to changes in UK higher education have emerged from various quarters. This article suggests that some of these responses are collusive with neo-liberalism and that a greater attention might be paid to the possibilities of the word "liberal" and to the more democratic implications of certain US initiatives.

  11. Senior nursing students' self-reported college experiences and gains toward liberal education goals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zaborowska, R

    1995-04-01

    The purpose of this descriptive study is to assess baccalaureate nursing students' self-reported achievements toward liberal education goals in college and university settings and compare them to norms for the general college population by measuring their perceived involvement in campus life and activities. At the end of the spring semester, senior nursing students from 11 nursing programs in the Midwest filled out the College Student Experience Questionnaire, developed by Pace (1984), which measures the effort students put into liberal education goals. Nursing students reported high involvement in academic activities, but little involvement in other types of experiences in the college; they reported significant progress toward academic goals like intellectual skills, but less progress toward liberal education goals like art, literature, and music. Nursing students were very similar to other college students (except for students in selective liberal arts colleges) in reported involvement in activities and made similar progress toward liberal education goals.

  12. Renewable energy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Destouni, Georgia; Frank, Harry

    2010-01-01

    The Energy Committee of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences has in a series of projects gathered information and knowledge on renewable energy from various sources, both within and outside the academic world. In this article, we synthesize and summarize some of the main points on renewable energy from the various Energy Committee projects and the Committee's Energy 2050 symposium, regarding energy from water and wind, bioenergy, and solar energy. We further summarize the Energy Committee's scenario estimates of future renewable energy contributions to the global energy system, and other presentations given at the Energy 2050 symposium. In general, international coordination and investment in energy research and development is crucial to enable future reliance on renewable energy sources with minimal fossil fuel use.

  13. Leisure, Freedom, and Liberal Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gary, Kevin

    2006-01-01

    At present liberal education is generally understood and justified as the acquisition of critical thinking skills and individual autonomy. Traditionally, however, the ultimate purpose of liberal education has been leisure. Freedom, it was thought, was not simply the result of critical thinking but also required the cultivation of leisure that…

  14. Marxism, Liberalism, and Educational Theory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Margonis, Frank

    1993-01-01

    Examines educational theory, Marxism, and liberalism, discussing Kenneth Strike's "Liberal Justice and the Marxist Critique of Education" and Daniel Liston's "Capitalist Schools: Explanation and Ethics in Radical Studies of Schooling." Suggests that both authors are too hasty in abandoning Marxism and that Marxism is the…

  15. Was Montesquieu a Liberal Republican?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Dijn, A.

    2014-01-01

    This paper sets out to criticize Thomas Pangle's and Paul Rahe's reading of The Spirit of the Laws as a contribution to liberal republicanism, arguing instead that Montesquieu's text is better understood as a defense of liberal monarchism. Pangle's and Rahe's interpretation of The Spirit of the Laws

  16. Was Montesquieu a Liberal Republican?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Dijn, A.

    2014-01-01

    This paper sets out to criticize Thomas Pangle's and Paul Rahe's reading of The Spirit of the Laws as a contribution to liberal republicanism, arguing instead that Montesquieu's text is better understood as a defense of liberal monarchism. Pangle's and Rahe's interpretation of The Spirit of the Laws

  17. Liberalism and Public Health Ethics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rajczi, Alex

    2016-02-01

    Many public health dilemmas involve a tension between the promotion of health and the rights of individuals. This article suggests that we should resolve the tension using our familiar liberal principles of government. The article considers the common objections that (i) liberalism is incompatible with standard public health interventions such as anti-smoking measures or intervention in food markets; (2) there are special reasons for hard paternalism in public health; and (3) liberalism is incompatible with proper protection of the community good. The article argues that we should examine these critiques in a larger methodological framework by first acknowledging that the right theory of public health ethics is the one we arrive at in reflective equilibrium. Once we examine the arguments for and against liberalism in that light, we can see the weaknesses in the objections and the strength of the case for liberalism in public health.

  18. Welfare Gains from Financial Liberalization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Townsend, Robert M; Ueda, Kenichi

    2010-08-01

    Financial liberalization has been a controversial issue, as empirical evidence for growth enhancing effects is mixed. Here, we find sizable welfare gains from liberalization (cost to repression), though the gain in economic growth is ambiguous. We take the view that financial liberalization is a government policy that alters the path of financial deepening, while financial deepening is endogenously chosen by agents given a policy and occurs in transition towards a distant steady state. This history-dependent view necessitates the use of simulation analysis based on a growth model. Our application is a specific episode: Thailand from 1976 to 1996.

  19. Liberal Nationalism and the Nationalisation of Liberal Values

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lægaard, Sune

    2007-01-01

    This article considers whether appeals to ‘national values' in public discourse and political debate might be a form of nationalism. This theoretical question about the applicability of the category of nationalism faces the objections that political values cannot constitute nationality...... features of nationalism. This feature of the nationalisation of liberal values carries both normative and explanatory implications, which relate to the concerns of ‘liberal nationalism'....

  20. Renewable Energy Devices and Systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Blaabjerg, Frede; Ionel, Dan M.

    2015-01-01

    In this paper, essential statistics demonstrating the increasing role of renewable energy generation are firstly discussed. A state of the art review section covers fundamentals of wind turbines and PV systems. Included are schematic diagrams illustrating the main components and system topologies...

  1. Introduction to Renewable Energy Systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ma, Ke; Yang, Yongheng; Blaabjerg, Frede

    2014-01-01

    In this chapter, the state-of-the-arts developments of renewable energy are reviewed in respect to the installed power and market share, where wind power and photovoltaic power generation are the main focuses due to the fast growing speed and large share of installed capacity. Some basic principles...

  2. Humanities and Arts in Management Education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Statler, Matt; Monthoux, Pierre Guillet de

    2015-01-01

    An introduction is presented in which the editors discuss various reports within the issue on topics including business management education in Great Britain, liberal arts education, and business studios....

  3. Macroeconomic aspects of financial liberalization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mirdala Rajmund

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available The positive and the negative macroeconomic aspects of the financial liberalization for the developing and emerging economies are well described in the present literature. But it is not easy to clearly summarize the final effects of the financial integration on the certain country. For instance the argument about the growth benefits of the capital account liberalization is likely to be inadequate considering the financial crises in the emerging markets at the end of the last century. On the other hand, many authors (especially in the financial literature report that the equity market liberalizations help to significantly boost the economic growth. There are also some examples on the microeconomic level (firm level or industry level when the international financial integration brings certain benefits to the integrated enterprises and the capital flows restriction leads to the distortionary effects. In the paper we analyze the macroeconomic effects of the capital flows liberalization.

  4. Politisk liberalism och skolans religionsundervisning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joachim Rosenquist

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available POLITICAL LIBERALISM AND RELIGIOUS EDUCATION. Based on John Rawls’ latertheory of political liberalism, this article critically analyses what religiouseducation could mean in times of increasing societal pluralism and a world-wide revival of religion. Important elements of political liberalism – such asthe notions of reasonable persons and public reason – are elaborated onand related to religious individuals and perspectives. It is argued that polit-ical liberalism supports mandatory religious education, but of a certainkind. Schools have an obligation to provide students with knowledge aboutreligions, and to foster a spirit of tolerance and respect for the demands ofpublic reason. But they cannot legitimately give students the impression thatall religions are equally true or false. This makes for a problematic situation:how is it possible to teach students about religion without crossing the lineand teaching religious relativism? If it is not possible, then political liberalismseems to be more controversial than Rawls would admit.

  5. Renewable Energy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boyle, Godfrey

    2004-05-01

    Stimulated by recent technological developments and increasing concern over the sustainability and environmental impact of conventional fuel usage, the prospect of producing clean, sustainable power in substantial quantities from renewable energy sources arouses interest around the world. This book provides a comprehensive overview of the principal types of renewable energy--including solar, thermal, photovoltaics, bioenergy, hydro, tidal, wind, wave, and geothermal. In addition, it explains the underlying physical and technological principles of renewable energy and examines the environmental impact and prospects of different energy sources. With more than 350 detailed illustrations, more than 50 tables of data, and a wide range of case studies, Renewable Energy, 2/e is an ideal choice for undergraduate courses in energy, sustainable development, and environmental science. New to the Second Edition ·Full-color design ·Updated to reflect developments in technology, policy, attitides ·Complemented by Energy Systems and Sustainability edited by Godfrey Boyle, Bob Everett and Janet Ramage, all of the Open University, U.K.

  6. An Historical Review of Liberal Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoerner, James L.

    Section I of this paper presents a brief history of liberal education and reviews some of the ideas that have been expressed about its origin, and some of the ideas that have influenced liberal education throughout history. The definition of the purpose of liberal education is Woodring's: "It is the education that liberates men from the bondage of…

  7. Ethical Liberalism, Education and the "New Right."

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olssen, Mark

    2000-01-01

    Examines the philosophical tradition of ethical liberalism from its emergence as a coherent response to 19th century classical liberal individualism through contemporary formulations. Pursues origins in John Stuart Mills's writings and assesses ethical liberalism's relevance for understanding current neo-liberal policy restructuring in education.…

  8. Ethical Liberalism, Education and the "New Right."

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olssen, Mark

    2000-01-01

    Examines the philosophical tradition of ethical liberalism from its emergence as a coherent response to 19th century classical liberal individualism through contemporary formulations. Pursues origins in John Stuart Mills's writings and assesses ethical liberalism's relevance for understanding current neo-liberal policy restructuring in education.…

  9. Does classical liberalism imply democracy?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Ellerman

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available There is a fault line running through classical liberalism as to whether or not democratic self-governance is a necessary part of a liberal social order. The democratic and non-democratic strains of classical liberalism are both present today—particularly in the United States. Many contemporary libertarians and neo-Austrian economists represent the non-democratic strain in their promotion of non-democratic sovereign city-states (start-up cities or charter cities. We will take the late James M. Buchanan as a representative of the democratic strain of classical liberalism. Since the fundamental norm of classical liberalism is consent, we must start with the intellectual history of the voluntary slavery contract, the coverture marriage contract, and the voluntary non-democratic constitution (or pactum subjectionis. Next we recover the theory of inalienable rights that descends from the Reformation doctrine of the inalienability of conscience through the Enlightenment (e.g. Spinoza and Hutcheson in the abolitionist and democratic movements. Consent-based governments divide into those based on the subjects’ alienation of power to a sovereign and those based on the citizens’ delegation of power to representatives. Inalienable rights theory rules out that alienation in favor of delegation, so the citizens remain the ultimate principals and the form of government is democratic. Thus the argument concludes in agreement with Buchanan that the classical liberal endorsement of sovereign individuals acting in the marketplace generalizes to the joint action of individuals as the principals in their own organizations.

  10. Justification of Galston's liberal pluralism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Azam, Golam

    2016-01-01

    Liberal multicultural theories developed in late twenty-first century aims to ensure the rights of the minorities, social justice and harmony in liberal societies. Will Kymlicka is the leading philosopher in this field. He advocates minority rights, their autonomy and the way minority groups can be accommodated in a liberal society with their distinct cultural identity. Besides him, there are other political theorists on the track and Galston is one of them. He disagrees with Kymlicka on some crucial points, particularly regarding the scope of civil rights of the minority groups and the responsibilities of both majority and minority groups for the sake of social harmony and justice. He tries to develop a moral theory of mutualism based on inter-community toleration and constitutionalism. Considering toleration as one of the fundamental liberal virtues he contends that the majority government has the responsibility to make arrangement both for the members of majority and minority groups so that they can build inter personal relation and learn toleration. The paper critically justifies the feasibility of his theory in a liberal society and claims that although Galston's theory has a higher possibility to be accommodated in liberal societies, it eventually fails.

  11. Enlightenment from the Learning Theories in Zhongyong on the Reinforcement of the Humanity Quality of Postgraduates of Liberal Arts%中庸为学之道对强化文科研究生人文素质的启示

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈效新

    2014-01-01

    The cultivation of humanity quality occupies an absolutely basic position in the higher education system. All along, there are various studies of the cultivation of humanity quality of students of science and technology. But a recent research indicates, the humanity qualities of liberal arts postgraduates are not significantly superior to those of students of science and technology. Consequently, with regard to the present situation of single knowledge structure, narrow knowledge scope and insufficient humanity knowledge and qualities among liberal arts postgraduates, it is of positive and practical significance to reinforce their humanity qualities by the principles of learning extensively, questioning thoroughly, reflecting carefully, distinguishing critically and practicing persistently in Zhongyong, which will be beneficial to deepening the specialty education, cultivating the innovation ability, facilitating the comprehensive development and fostering high-level talents.%人文素质教育在高等教育体系中占有绝对性的基础地位。一直以来,人们对于理工科学生人文素质的培养研究较多,但调查发现,文科研究生的人文素质并不明显优于理工科学生。因此,针对文科研究生知识结构单一、知识面过窄、人文知识和人文素质没有明显优势的现状,利用中庸为学之道的博学、审问、慎思、明辨、笃行方式对文科研究生人文素质进行强化,对于深化文科专业教育、培养文科研究生创新能力、促进文科研究生全面发展、培养高层次人才具有积极的现实意义。

  12. 对文科高职新生职业生涯认同与教育需求的调查与研究——以北京青年政治学院为例%Survey and Study on Career Identity and the Demand for Education for Vocational College Students of Liberal Arts ——A Case Study of Beijing Youth Politics College

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁晓鹃

    2012-01-01

    摘要:通过对北京青年政治学院2010级新生进行的职业意识问卷调查及部分学生的深度访谈,了解文科高职院校的学生职业生涯认同与教育需求的现状,探索在目前严峻的就业形势下,文科高职院校如何才能做好职业生涯规划教育,以提高学生的个人竞争力。%The questionnaire survey on the career awareness of the freshmen of Grade 2010 from Beijing Youth Polities College and the interview in depth with parts of students presents the current situation of the career identity and demand for education for vocational college students of liberal arts, and explores how vocational colleges of liberal arts improve their career planning education to improve students individual competitiveness in the severe employment situation.

  13. 大众创业万众创新下高职文科类专业毕业条件改革建议--以物流管理专业为例%“Encourage People to Do Business Creatively and Drive Innovation” Vocational Colleges Liberal Arts Majors Graduation Reform Proposals---A Case Study of Logistics Specialty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    纪正广

    2015-01-01

    This paper is to study the “public entrepreneurship peoples innovation” in Higher Vocational Colleges under the condition of liberal arts graduate,and meets the actual entrepreneurship and innovation “in the innovation time and learning time conflict,training plan provisions conflict” courses of study and innovation of entrepreneurial knowledge and professional learning,develop solutions,combined with the implementation of the state need to do a good job of supporting the program in the relevant institutional mechanisms.%文中主要是研究“大众创业万众创新”下高职文科类专业毕业条件,与实际创业创新中遇到的“创新创业时间与正常学习时间的冲突,创新创业知识学习与专业培养方案规定课程学习的冲突”,拟定解决措施,并结合实施提出国家在相关机制体制上需要做好配套方案。

  14. On organizational structure for national integrated experimental and demonstration center of liberal arts:Thinking based on synergetic theory%国家级文科综合实验教学示范中心的组织架构——基于协同论的思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖升; 梅雪

    2013-01-01

    The organizational structure of one system is determined by the function of this system. It matters the establishment, development and the efficiency. This article analyzes from the synergism angle, as a national synthetic experimental teaching demonstration center for liberal arts the form of scientific research organization. The basic rule for its organizational structure is to support and achieve the function that the center carries. Thus it has to be an independent teaching scientific research organization. So the essential feature of its organizational structure is to set up one flat-structure of learning organization.%系统的组织架构为系统的功能所决定,关乎系统的产生、发展和效率.从协同论视角分析,作为文科高等教育实验教学科研组织形式的国家级文科综合实验教学示范中心,其组织架构建立的基本规则是支撑和实现中心承载的功能,因而其必须是独立的教学科研机构.其组织架构的基本特征是建立学习型组织的扁平化结构.

  15. Research on the Pluralistic Training Model for Liberal Arts Majors:A Case Study on the Marketing Manage-ment Major%文科类专业多元化实训模式研究--以市场营销专业为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘桂香

    2014-01-01

    Starting from the construction of the pluralistic training model, this paper explored the pluralistic on-campus and off-campus training model for liberal arts majors, and based on this, with higher vocational marketing management major as the example, it constructed a pluralistic training model from the fol-lowing aspects: the construction of practice course system, the establishment of practice teaching platform,and the formulation of practice evaluation mechanism, etc.%本文从多元化实训模式构建入手,探讨出文科类专业多元化校内、校外实训模式,在此基础上,以高职市场营销专业为例,从实践课程体系建设、实践教学平台创建、实践评估机制建立等方面建立多元化实训模式。

  16. Liberal education and the connection with Vygotsky’s theory of the zone of proximal development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nguyen M.A.,

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Liberal education came into recognition in Roman Empire, spread throughout Europe during the sixteenth century and has become a revolution in the United States in the last centuries. The term “liberal education” has roots in the Latin word for a free person (liber and the artes liberales emerged historically as the education appropriate for free people. In the modern world, and especially in the United States after the American Revolution, liberal education drew on these roots to position itself as the best preparation for self-governance in a free democratic society. At Hoa Sen University, liberal education has been chosen as a way to develop students, alongside their professional preparation. In the search for best application options of liberal education, the author realized the connection between liberal education philosophy and Vygotsky’s educational approach, as known as the zone of proximal development. This article analyzes the perspectives of liberal education and its logical connection with Vygotsky’s theory of the zone of proximal development.

  17. 博雅教育本土实践模式的探索--以“博物馆历史与文化”课程设计与实施为例%The Exploration of Local Practice on the Liberal Arts Education---A Case Study in the Course of The History and Culture of Museum

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘焱鸿

    2014-01-01

    “博物馆的历史与文化”是一门为本科生开设、引领学生了解和认知以“博物馆”为关键词的理论专题、实践观察与自主学习相结合的通识性课程,以“双编码”和“三统一”为原则,既服务于博雅教育的本真追求,又满足专业核心课程的主题设计要求,并用统一的课程设计、教学要求和评分标准面向不同专业的学生,围绕基于核心文献的小型研讨会、师生共同参与的项目作业设计以及综合性的课业评估这三个关键要素,形成一套完整并行之有效的教学模式,探索博雅教育本土化的成功路径。%The History and Culture of Museum, combining the theoretical topics, practice observation and self-study research, is a general education course opened to the undergraduate students, that guides them to understanding and acknowledge the keyword‘museum’ . Its principle is composed of the dual-coding and the three-unity, not only to serve the requirement of the liberal education and the professional core course design, but also to face the students from different majors in the same guideline, the same curriculum and the same assessment. Efforts have been made to form a complete and effective model of operation with three key factors, including the core literature seminars, teacher-and-student project and the comprehensive academic assessment, and to clearly explore a successful pathway of the integration and localization of liberal arts education.

  18. The Questions of Liberal Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arcilla, Rene V.

    2007-01-01

    There is a certain kind of liberal educator who bases his or her practice on a particular attitude toward the "Big Questions." The questions of fundamental literacy in K-12 education, or of expertise in vocational and professional education, may be just as important, but they are seen as quite different in kind. Indeed, the questions of liberal…

  19. Liberal Education and Its Enemies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Partington, Geoffrey

    1984-01-01

    References to Plato, Aristotle, Hegel, and Marx illustrate essential characteristics of liberal education; central concern with the educationally valuable; development of mind as a whole; and acceptance of hierarchy within knowledge. Criticizes contemporary groups (primitivists, multiculturalists, reductionists, indoctrinators, vocationalists,…

  20. Financial Liberalization and Economic Growth

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bumann, S.; Hermes, N.; Lensink, B.W.

    2013-01-01

    This study provides a systematic analysis of the empirical literature on the relationship between financial liberalization and economic growth by conducting a meta-analysis, based on 441 t-statistics reported in 60 empirical studies. We focus on explaining the heterogeneity of results in our sample

  1. Pragmatic Liberalism and President Obama

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Haroon A. Khan

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available This research seeks to examine the foreign policy of President Obama with special reference to Bangladesh from the point of pragmatic liberalism. Pragmatism means understanding the realities of the situation and making decisions based on thorough research of these realities. Pragmatism opposes strict adherence to ideological beliefs in pursuing foreign policy. President Obama came into power amid one of the most volatile and dangerous times in the history of the United States occupied with two foreign wars, and inherited an economy on the brink of collapse. The key features of Obama’s pragmatic liberalism in foreign policy are to promote liberal ideas as long as it does not threaten the national security interests, emphasize diplomacy in solving the conflicts, foster humanitarian issues, develop alliances and multilateral agreements, uphold the major national interests, and strengthen national security defined in terms of economic well-being. The article will analyze U.S. foreign policy toward Bangladesh based on pragmatic liberalism of President Obama.

  2. Liberal Education and Its Enemies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Partington, Geoffrey

    1984-01-01

    References to Plato, Aristotle, Hegel, and Marx illustrate essential characteristics of liberal education; central concern with the educationally valuable; development of mind as a whole; and acceptance of hierarchy within knowledge. Criticizes contemporary groups (primitivists, multiculturalists, reductionists, indoctrinators, vocationalists,…

  3. Constitutional Law and Liberal Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clor, Harry

    1985-01-01

    By studying constitutional law, students learn about the relationship between democratic theory and practice, one of the main concerns of liberal education. The mind is enlarged when it must apply ethical standards and political ideas to real human problems. How a political science professor teaches constitutional law is discussed. (RM)

  4. The Future of Feminist Liberalism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martha Nussbaum

    2001-06-01

    Full Text Available Feminists have sometimes argued that philosophical theories of justice deriving from the liberal tradition cannot deal adequately with the concerns of women. I argue that in many ways this contention is mistaken: the best liberal theories of justice provide a very strong basis for thinking about what respect for human dignity requires. There are, however, two areas pertinent to sex equality in which even the strongest liberal theories have grave difficulty. First is the area of need and dependency. All theories of justice and morality deriving from the European social contract tradition fail to build into the basic social structure concern for care in times of asymmetrical dependency. The second problem I investigate is the problem of just distribution within the family. Focusing on the theory of John Rawls, I argue that his liberal commitment to seeing the family as a sphere of protected personal choice is in tension with his admission that the family is part of the "basic structure" of society. Moreover, the family does not exist by nature: it is always a construct of state action. The state should therefore make sure that this constructing is done well, compatibly with justice for women and children.

  5. Liberal Education and Global Community

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nussbaum, Martha

    2004-01-01

    As the ninetieth anniversary is celebrated, the idea of liberal education is more important than ever in the interdependent world. An education based on the idea of an inclusive global citizenship and on the possibilities of the compassionate imagination has the potential to transcend divisions created by distance, cultural difference, and…

  6. Mobile Technology and Liberal Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rossing, Jonathan P.

    2012-01-01

    In this article, the author offers reflections on the impact of mobile technology for liberal education. These reflections are based on his own experience of incorporating iPads in his communication courses during the 2010-2011 academic year. As a member of an interdisciplinary faculty learning community on the use of mobile tablets, he explored…

  7. Global Markets and Contemporary Art

    OpenAIRE

    2006-01-01

    Today's contemporary art world has to come to terms with a highly unstable socio-economic context that is evolving rapidly and constantly, with the result that any analysis to establish the state of the demand and supply of artistic goods and services in a global scenario is quite complex. The supply of contemporary art is renewed and must continue to be renewed, in line with the recent requirements of demand and with economic and technological changes.

  8. Introduction to Renewable Energy Systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ma, Ke; Yang, Yongheng; Blaabjerg, Frede

    2014-01-01

    In this chapter, the state-of-the-arts developments of renewable energy are reviewed in respect to the installed power and market share, where wind power and photovoltaic power generation are the main focuses due to the fast growing speed and large share of installed capacity. Some basic principles...... of operation, mission profiles, as well as power electronics solutions and corresponding controls are discussed respectively in the case of wind power and photovoltaic power systems. Finally a few development trends for renewable energy conversions are also given from a power electronics point of view....... It is concluded that as the quick development of renewable energy, wind power and PV power both show great potential to be largely integrated into the power grid. Power electronics is playing essential role in both of the systems to achieve more controllable, efficient, and reliable energy production...

  9. Pooling of ground-mounted photovoltaic plants under Art. 19 Section 1a of the 2012 German Renewable Energy Law; Die Zusammenfassung von Photovoltaik-Freiflaechenanlagen nach paragraph 19 Abs. 1a EEG 2012

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Assion, Anja; Goetze, Roman [GOeTZE Rechtsanwaelte, Leipzig (Germany)

    2013-11-01

    Under the 2012 PV amendment to the German Renewable Energy Law (EEG) compensation payments for electricity generated from solar radiation energy harvested on ground-mounted photovoltaic plants are now restricted to plants up to an installed capacity of 10 MW. For photovoltaic plants of greater capacity the right to compensation no longer applies to that in excess of 10 MW. The intent of the legislature in limiting the right to compensation according to a plant's capacity is to moderate the rate of newly installed capacity, promote local production close to the point of use, and to preserve landscapes and guard against land consumption. The new regulation is a novelty in as far it applies to ground-mounted plants. It combines a cap on the electricity generating capacity for which operators are entitled to compensation with a regulation on the pooling of plants (fictitious single plant) for purposes of compensation calculation. This regulation has given rise to many controversial issues in practice. This is due in part to the absence of case law and the failure, to date, to draw up special conventions, for example on the part of the EEG Clearing Office. At present there is virtually no aspect of the situation over which the grid operators are in agreement. The purpose of this article is to present the current state of the discussion, assess the positions brought forward so far and use this as a basis for developing a new view on the interpretation of Art. 19 Section 1a of the EEG.

  10. Liberal intolerance in European education debates

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olsen, Tore Vincents

    2016-01-01

    by subdividing it into four categories of liberal intolerance and demonstrates this by analysing six national debates on the accommodation of cultural and religious diversity in education. The analysis indicates that the nature of liberal intolerance understood as the combination of the four categories...... of liberal intolerance varies with the state tradition regarding religious neutrality of public institutions and the type of welfare state, but also that many liberal arguments for and against accommodation repeat themselves across national contexts....

  11. El contrato social en Hobbes: ¿absolutista o liberal? Hobbes’ Social Contract: Absolutist or Liberal?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Cortés Rodas

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se presentan los elementos centrales del modelo contractualista clásico de legitimación del Estado, expuesto por Thomas Hobbes en el Leviatán. Se cuestiona la interpretación propuesta por Leo Strauss sobre la filosofía política de Hobbes, según la cual, el filósofo inglés sería el fundador del liberalismo. Mediante una interpretación de la teoría de la representación política hobbesiana se intenta destacar su imagen como defensor del absolutismo político. El tipo de liberalismo a partir del cual es posible mostrar que la concepción de Hobbes resulta inaceptable es el liberalismo representado por autores como Benjamin Constant, Madame de Stäel y Alexis de Tocqueville.This article presents the central elements of the classic contractualist model of State legitimacy as displayed by Thomas Hobbes in Leviathan. It aims to question the proposal made by Leo Strauss on Hobbes’ political philosophy according to which Hobbes is the founder of liberalism. Through an interpretation of the Hobbesian theory of political representation, it intends to detach his image as a defender of political absolutism. The type of liberalism from which it is possible to show that Hobbes’ conception is unacceptable, is liberalism represented by authors such as Benjamin Constant, Madame de Stäel and Alexis de Tocqueville.

  12. Artful creation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Darsø, Lotte

    2013-01-01

    An introduction to the field of Arts-in-Business outlining 4 different approaches: 1) Art as decoration, 2) Art as intertainment, 3) Arts as instrumental, 4) Art as strategic......An introduction to the field of Arts-in-Business outlining 4 different approaches: 1) Art as decoration, 2) Art as intertainment, 3) Arts as instrumental, 4) Art as strategic...

  13. A descriptive qualitative study of student learning in a psychosocial nursing class infused with art, literature, music, and film.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jensen, Alice; Curtis, Mary

    2008-01-01

    Nursing educators have long valued and supported the integration of liberal arts in professional nursing programs. This descriptive qualitative study explores the meanings students derive from the integration of liberal arts content into a psychosocial nursing class. Questionnaires, class observation, and focus group interviews revealed five themes: an interesting hook, a deeper level of understanding, developing self-understanding, developing empathy and increasing cultural awareness. Researchers suggest that integrating liberal arts into nursing education enhances student learning.

  14. Discussing Problems of Chinese Interest Rate liberalization

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李朝民; 陈金贤

    2002-01-01

    The level of Chinese interest rate liberalization is very low. The interest rate liberalization reform is an inevitable choice under the general trend of economic globalization in the world. Meanwhile, interest rate liberalization is indispensable for Chinese economic development and financial stabilization. The interest rate liberalization reform should follow a certain principles and satisfy a certain requirements, otherwise the financial order will be in a state of chaos and the negative influence on economy will appear. The interest rate liberalization reform needs a good economic environment and a series of relative reforms.

  15. Liberal intolerance in European education debates

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olsen, Tore Vincents

    2016-01-01

    The reaction against non-western immigrants and especially Muslims has been analysed both in terms of an exclusionary civic nationalism and in terms of an assertive liberalism. Similar to exclusionary civic nationalism, assertive liberalism purports to defend liberal democratic principles...... by subdividing it into four categories of liberal intolerance and demonstrates this by analysing six national debates on the accommodation of cultural and religious diversity in education. The analysis indicates that the nature of liberal intolerance understood as the combination of the four categories...

  16. The renewable energies; Les energies renouvelables

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2004-07-01

    The renewable energies are everywhere but also irregular. Thus they need savings in our energy consumptions. This document provides information, such as economics, capacity and implementation, on the following renewable energies: the wind power, the solar energy, the photovoltaic energy, the biogas, the geothermal energy, the hydroelectricity, the wood. It also presents a state of the art and examples of bio-climatic architecture. (A.L.B.)

  17. Metal chalcogenide nanostructures for renewable energy applications

    CERN Document Server

    Qurashi, Ahsanulhaq

    2014-01-01

    This first ever reference book that focuses on metal chalcogenide semiconductor nanostructures for renewable energy applications encapsulates the state-of-the-art in multidisciplinary research on the metal chalcogenide semiconductor nanostructures (nanocrystals, nanoparticles, nanorods, nanowires,  nanobelts, nanoflowers, nanoribbons and more).  The properties and synthesis of a class of nanomaterials is essential to renewable energy manufacturing and this book focuses on the synthesis of metal chalcogendie nanostructures, their growth mechanism, optical, electrical, and other important prop

  18. A New Idea of Career Guidance for Liberal Arts Specialty in Higher Vocational Colleges:Taking Secretary Specialty for Example%高职文科专业职业指导的新思路--以文秘专业为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    向阳; 申卫群

    2015-01-01

    In the severe employment situation, more and more colleges have recognized the significance of vocational guidance for students' future job and career. Starting from the present situation of secretary career guidance in higher vocational colleges, this article explores the problems existing in the vocational guidance of the secretary specialty, and puts forward four new ways of thinking about employment guidance of secretary specialty according to the characteristics and requirements of modern workplace, trying to break through the existing mode of vocational guidance. It is expected that this article can provide reference for the vocational guidance of the liberal arts specialties in colleges and universities.%在当前严峻的就业形势下,越来越多的学校和专业都认识到职业指导对学生未来求职和职业生涯的意义,本文从高职文秘专业就业指导的现状分析入手,探讨文秘专业职业指导中存在的问题,并根据现代职场的特色和需求,提出了文秘专业就业指导的四点新思路,力图突破现有的职业指导模式,希望给各高校文科专业的职业指导改革提供借鉴。

  19. O igualitarismo liberal de Dworkin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Darlei Dall'Agnol

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo apresenta os principais componentes da filosofia política de Dworkin, aqui chamada de "igualitarismo liberal." Para atingir esse objetivo, reconstrói a sua teoria do Direito e sua compreensão do direito fundamental de todos cidadãos ao igual respeito e consideração. Além disso, discute criticamente a sua tentativa de compatibilizar essa igualdade formal, bem como uma concepção mais substancial de igualdade, com a liberdade.This paper sorts out the main elements in Dworkin's political philosophy here called "liberal igualitarianism." To reach this aim, it reconstructs his conception of Law and his understanding of the citizens' most fundamental right to equal respect and concern. Moreover, it analyzes his attempt to reconcile this formal equality, as well as a more substantial equality, with freedom

  20. THEORETICAL ASPECTS OF FINANCIAL LIBERALIZATION PROCESS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ciupac-Ulici Maria-Lenuta

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Financial liberalization process and its implications on financial emerging markets have been multidisciplinary research since 1970. Reform of financial liberalization is a complex and long phenomena. This implies that the impact of this reform on financial markets should not be immediate, but rather gradually during a long time period. It is also important to note that liberalization does not occur in the same way on all financial markets. Each country, according to his specification regarding the economic climate and the specificity of financial markets, has differently set its progress of liberalization process. It is generally accepted that the process of financial liberalization is not composed of a single event, but a series of events. The idea is that market reform is a gradual process where the data identified above only refers to the most significant events. Regarding the effect of liberalization reform on emerging markets has been shown; on the one hand, that liberalization helps to reduce the cost of capital, helps to integrate the emerging markets in the global market, enhances economic growth and allows emerging markets to become more mature. On the other hand, financial liberalization process has a very ambiguous and inconclusive impact on informational efficiency and volatility in emerging markets. Launching liberalization reforms provided an analytical framework for studies that attempt to investigate the effectiveness of emerging markets and empirical links between liberalization and efficiency. The first reason is that with liberalization, the authors believe that emerging markets have become more speculative and more competitive. So there is a chance to see if the weak form market efficiency is verified. The second reason is that the authors explore the relationship between liberalization and efficiency. Researchers and regulators seek an answer to the fundamental question: financial liberalization helps the stock market

  1. Perspektif Epistemologis Teologi Islam Liberal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Halid Al-Kaf

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Religious liberalism in Islamic context has many possible meanings: first, the development of rational thought and attitude; second, the freedom to interpret religious texts; third, the belief that all religions encourage virtue and support the universal values of humanity; fourth, strengthening the separation thing what is profane (worldly from the sacred (religious. The article aims to analyze some of the terms relating to the Liberal Islamic theology, that is: religious liberalism, secularism, secularization, and pluralism. In the aspect of religious texts interpretation, Islamic liberalism has at least three characteristics: first, patterned substantive, that is to understand the religious teachings are not limited to the scriptural reason (text but rather on finding a more substantial meaning behind the text. Second, patterned contextual, i.e. to interpret religious texts on a variety of contexts. Third, patterned rational, i.e. to interpret religious teachings based on the reasoning/logic of healthy and humanitarian objective.

  2. TRADE LIBERALIZATION AND ENVIROMENTAL STANDARS

    OpenAIRE

    Mulyo, Jangkung Handoyo

    2016-01-01

    This paper examines trade liberalization and environment nexus both on the theoretical ground and using empirical evidence. The results of the study reveal that there is lack of empirical evidence to conclude that industrial or capital flight is caused mainly by the implementation of lower environmental standards in host countries. Furthermore, it can be argued that the idea to impose uniform environmental standards is unfair, particularly for developing countries

  3. Teologi Transformatif Jaringan Islam Liberal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tasmuji Tasmuji

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available This article aims at discussing the extent of theological significance of Jaringan Islam Liberal (JIL, Islamic Liberal Networks in Indonesia founded and led by Ulil Abshar Abdalla. This is because theology is the soul of religious adherents’ life who intend to work through God’s words in the world. JIL has come as an anti-thesis against Islamic fundamentalism movements, which tend to be rigid, intolerant, and exclusive. The facts can be observed, at least, in such mass organizations as Majelis Mujahidin Indonesia (MMI, Laskar Jihad (LJ, Front Pembela Islam (FPI, Ikhwanul Muslimin Indonesia (IMI, and Hizbut Tahrir Indonesia (HTI. The issuance of “the death fatwa” against Ulil Abshar is a part of textual paradigm held by these mass organizations. To JIL it is important to bring about inclusive and moderate theological understandings. Its mission and agenda, then, are fighting against Islamic fundamentalists’ understanding as they are considered obstacles to the advance of Muslim community. Here is the important role of the theology that has to be made as a basis of liberation and freedom for the weak community; then it will be truly meaningful for the weak and poor people.

  4. Degree Completers at Baccalaureate Arts and Sciences Institutions and the Contemporary U. S. Macroeconomy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, Rachel; Yontz, Brian

    2015-01-01

    Recent economic downturns have led some liberal arts institutions to consider changes to their program offerings. With this article we seek to enhance the understanding of the correlation between liberal arts and pre-professional programs with the economy in order to help inform higher education faculty and administration when exploring changes to…

  5. Degree Completers at Baccalaureate Arts and Sciences Institutions and the Contemporary U. S. Macroeconomy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, Rachel; Yontz, Brian

    2015-01-01

    Recent economic downturns have led some liberal arts institutions to consider changes to their program offerings. With this article we seek to enhance the understanding of the correlation between liberal arts and pre-professional programs with the economy in order to help inform higher education faculty and administration when exploring changes to…

  6. Lighting the Way: Contrasting Arguments for the Arts in Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ross, Janice

    2007-01-01

    This article explores the contrasting arguments for the place of the arts in education made by the two distinguished arts educators--the American Elliot Eisner and British dance and physical education theorist Graham McFee. Both scholars begin with the premise that the arts should be central to a liberal education and then diverge. McFee argues,…

  7. EU state aid law, WTO subsidy disciplines and renewable energy support schemes : Disconnected paradigms in decarbonizing the grid

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Marhold, Anna

    2017-01-01

    Liberalization of the European internal market for energy by means of unbundling and third party access alone is not enough to make renewable energy on a par with fossil fuels. To increase the production of renewable energy in its Member States, the EU has in place a set of legal instruments to

  8. Preparing Information Systems Graduates for a Complex Society: Aligning IS Curricula with Liberal Education Learning Outcomes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pratt, Jean A.; Keys, Anthony; Wirkus, Tyrrell

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to encourage Information Systems (IS) faculty to intentionally revise their curriculum to address (and assess) higher-order learning skills which are demanded by industry and society and are representative of a liberal arts based education. We substantiated the need for this proposed curriculum revision by first…

  9. Preparing Information Systems Graduates for a Complex Society: Aligning IS Curricula with Liberal Education Learning Outcomes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pratt, Jean A.; Keys, Anthony; Wirkus, Tyrrell

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to encourage Information Systems (IS) faculty to intentionally revise their curriculum to address (and assess) higher-order learning skills which are demanded by industry and society and are representative of a liberal arts based education. We substantiated the need for this proposed curriculum revision by first…

  10. Natural Science Majors and Liberal Education: The Impact of a Living-Learning Community

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hutt, Chris D.

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore the articulated experiences of natural science majors who were participating in a liberal arts living-learning community. Using the American Association of College and University's (2002) report, "Greater Expectations" as an organizing framework, this study sought to determine how--if at…

  11. Envisioning a Quantitative Studies Center: A Liberal Arts Perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gizem Karaali

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Several academic institutions are searching for ways to help students develop their quantitative reasoning abilities and become more adept at higher-level tasks that involve quantitative skills. In this note we study the particular way Pomona College has framed this issue within its own context and what it plans to do about it. To this end we describe our efforts as members of a campus-wide committee that was assigned the duty of investigating the feasibility of founding a quantitative studies center on our campus. These efforts involved analysis of data collected through a faculty questionnaire, discipline-specific input obtained from each departmental representative, and a survey of what some of our peer institutions are doing to tackle these issues. In our studies, we identified three critical needs where quantitative support would be most useful in our case: tutoring and mentoring for entry-level courses; support for various specialized and analytic software tools for upper-level courses; and a uniform basic training for student tutors and mentors. We surmise that our challenges can be mitigated effectively via the formation of a well-focused and -planned quantitative studies center. We believe our process, findings and final proposal will be helpful to others who are looking to resolve similar issues on their own campuses.

  12. CUTTING BACK THE STEM: CULTIVATING LIBERAL ARTS IN OFFICER ACCESSIONS

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-06-01

    waged in the mind. The future officer corps must use critical, divergent thinking in order to assess a strategic environment, appreciate its...is ill suited to the current complex security environment. Tactical and operational effects are vital, but at the strategic level, war is waged in...a ceiling of only 7,700 feet, a bomb load of just over 1,000 pounds, and top speed of 98 miles per hour.31 The B-9 and B-10 brought incremental

  13. Models and Mavericks: A Profile of Private Liberal Arts Colleges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keeton, Morris T.

    These colleges today enroll only one in five of all American students in colleges and universities, and this proportion will become smaller in the years ahead. But they can continue to make significant contributions if they are given adequate public support. (MJM)

  14. Integrating Condensed Matter Physics into a Liberal Arts Physics Curriculum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Collett, Jeffrey

    2008-03-01

    The emergence of nanoscale science into the popular consciousness presents an opportunity to attract and retain future condensed matter scientists. We inject nanoscale physics into recruiting activities and into the introductory and the core portions of the curriculum. Laboratory involvement and research opportunity play important roles in maintaining student engagement. We use inexpensive scanning tunneling (STM) and atomic force (AFM) microscopes to introduce students to nanoscale structure early in their college careers. Although the physics of tip-surface interactions is sophisticated, the resulting images can be interpreted intuitively. We use the STM in introductory modern physics to explore quantum tunneling and the properties of electrons at surfaces. An interdisciplinary course in nanoscience and nanotechnology course team-taught with chemists looks at nanoscale phenomena in physics, chemistry, and biology. Core quantum and statistical physics courses look at effects of quantum mechanics and quantum statistics in degenerate systems. An upper level solid-state physics course takes up traditional condensed matter topics from a structural perspective by beginning with a study of both elastic and inelastic scattering of x-rays from crystalline solids and liquid crystals. Students encounter reciprocal space concepts through the analysis of laboratory scattering data and by the development of the scattering theory. The course then examines the importance of scattering processes in band structure and in electrical and thermal conduction. A segment of the course is devoted to surface physics and nanostructures where we explore the effects of restricting particles to two-dimensional surfaces, one-dimensional wires, and zero-dimensional quantum dots.

  15. Teaching Chemical Information in a Liberal Arts Curriculum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ricker, Alison Scott; Thompson, Robert Q.

    1999-11-01

    We first offered Chemical Information as a one-credit, semester-long course in 1993 and have continued to team-teach it each fall. We offer this summary of our course as a model that might be adapted in other settings, acknowledging that no single course can adequately prepare chemists for the many challenges involved in finding, evaluating, and utilizing chemical information. The focus on information retrieval, evaluation, and presentation in a separate course has worked well for us, successfully integrating concepts of information literacy in a chemical context. We cover a wide array of topics, beginning with print and electronic resources on our campus and moving quickly to databases and other sources on the Internet. Searching CA Online via STN Express and STN Easy is emphasized more than any other single source. We have described the course in some detail elsewhere and give here a synopsis of our current approach and significant changes in the course over the last two years.

  16. Art and the liberation of the film image / Karlo Funk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Funk, Karlo, 1971-

    2000-01-01

    Kujutava kunsti mõjutusi eesti filmikunstis. Reaalsuse kujutamine realismist erineva kujundikeele abil. Eesti kunstilise ja animafilmi arengust - rezissöörid K. Kiisk, G. Kromanov, A. Sööt, S. Keedus, P. Pärn, R. Raamat, R. Sarnet jt.

  17. Chemical Information Literacy at a Liberal Arts College

    Science.gov (United States)

    Greco, George E.

    2016-01-01

    Chemistry majors at Goucher College are now required to take a 1-credit course in their sophomore year entitled Chemical Information Literacy. Students in the course learn the structure and organization of the chemical literature, and how to carry out searches of various databases for topic, author, chemical compound, or structure. They learn…

  18. MOOCs, Wicked Problems, and the Spirit of the Liberal Arts

    Science.gov (United States)

    McClure, Maureen W.

    2014-01-01

    Higher education institutions today are increasingly considered to be "means," serving as suppliers for employers, not "ends" that address "wicked" problems. This disregards their role in the generational succession of civil societies. Massive open online courses can strengthen higher education institutions by working…

  19. Internationalization Strategies of Liberal Arts Institutions in a Globalizing Economy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alles, Patrick D.

    2013-01-01

    The complex forces of globalization have transformed higher education institutions in two significant ways. First, they have been compelled to emphasize curricula and degree programs that complement the demands of the contemporary global economy. Second, their drive to expand existing dimensions of internationalization has become a new component…

  20. Implementing a Help Desk at a Small Liberal Arts College.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Actis, Bev

    1993-01-01

    Planning for a computer use "help desk" at Kenyon College (Ohio) was constrained by very limited resources. However, careful and thorough planning resulted in a low-budget, homegrown, but highly effective facility. Staffing, training, staff communication, and marketing the service were essential elements in its success. (MSE)

  1. Classical Theory, Postmodernism, and the Sociology Liberal Arts Curriculum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lembcke, Jerry Lee

    1993-01-01

    Discusses classical theory as a modernist endeavor to apprehend the phenomenon of "unity of disunity." Presents three ways that classical theory approaches the philosophy views of Durkheim, Marx, and Weber. Concludes that postmodernism validates the relevancy of classical theory. (CFR)

  2. Financial Liberalization and Stock Market Efficiency

    OpenAIRE

    Maria-Lenuţa ULICI; Ioan Alin NISTOR

    2011-01-01

    Stock market liberalization may have a favorable impact on the economy in many aspects. Many empirical studies have shown that liberalization had a positive effect on developing economies, resulting in diminishing the impact of the cost of capital, the increasing of returns and individuals investment. However, liberalization can make a country to be sensitive to some economic and foreign policy turbulence, leading, ultimately, to a higher volatility of domestic markets. In this article we int...

  3. THEORETICAL ASPECTS OF FINANCIAL LIBERALIZATION PROCESS

    OpenAIRE

    Ciupac-Ulici Maria-Lenuta; Ardelean Ciprian George; Nistor Ioan Alin

    2013-01-01

    Financial liberalization process and its implications on financial emerging markets have been multidisciplinary research since 1970. Reform of financial liberalization is a complex and long phenomena. This implies that the impact of this reform on financial markets should not be immediate, but rather gradually during a long time period. It is also important to note that liberalization does not occur in the same way on all financial markets. Each country, according to his specification regardi...

  4. Cultural Effects of Trade Liberalization

    OpenAIRE

    Steven M. Suranovic; Robert Winthrop

    2005-01-01

    We incorporate culture into a standard trade model in two distinct ways. In the ¡°cultural affinity from work¡± model, workers receive a non- pecuniary cultural benefit from work in a particular industry. In the ¡°cultural externality¡± model, consumers of a product receive utility from other consumer¡¯s consumption of a domestic good. We show that resistance to change due to cultural concerns can reduce the national benefits from trade liberalization. Complete movements to free trade will ha...

  5. Left Realism and Social Democratic Renewal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Russell Hogg

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available At its inception Left Realism argued the need to develop a radical social democratic approach to crime. I argue that its contribution and continuing relevance primarily lies in this political project, the need for which has not dissipated. But this can only be advanced as an integral component of a more general renewal of social democratic ideas and politics that challenges the hegemony of neo-liberalism. This is far from guaranteed. The possibilities and challenges after the global financial crisis are considered. I argue for a rethinking of some core themes from early Left Realism to (as I see it better complement the task of social democratic renewal in the present.

  6. Renewal of radiological equipment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-10-01

    In this century, medical imaging is at the heart of medical practice. Besides providing fast and accurate diagnosis, advances in radiology equipment offer new and previously non-existing options for treatment guidance with quite low morbidity, resulting in the improvement of health outcomes and quality of life for the patients. Although rapid technological development created new medical imaging modalities and methods, the same progress speed resulted in accelerated technical and functional obsolescence of the same medical imaging equipment, consequently creating a need for renewal. Older equipment has a high risk of failures and breakdowns, which might cause delays in diagnosis and treatment of the patient, and safety problems both for the patient and the medical staff. The European Society of Radiology is promoting the use of up-to-date equipment, especially in the context of the EuroSafe Imaging Campaign, as the use of up-to-date equipment will improve quality and safety in medical imaging. Every healthcare institution or authority should have a plan for medical imaging equipment upgrade or renewal. This plan should look forward a minimum of 5 years, with annual updates. Teaching points • Radiological equipment has a definite life cycle span, resulting in unavoidable breakdown and decrease or loss of image quality which renders equipment useless after a certain time period.• Equipment older than 10 years is no longer state-of-the art equipment and replacement is essential. Operating costs of older equipment will be high when compared with new equipment, and sometimes maintenance will be impossible if no spare parts are available.• Older equipment has a high risk of failure and breakdown, causing delays in diagnosis and treatment of the patient and safety problems both for the patient and the medical staff.• Every healthcare institution or authority should have a plan for medical imaging equipment upgrade or replacement. This plan should look forward a

  7. LIBER-EBLIDA Digitisation Workshop

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul Ayris

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available 95 participants from 23 countries attended a Workshop on the Digitisation of Library Material in Europe, from 24 to 26 October 2007 in the Royal Library, Copenhagen, Denmark. The Workshop was jointly organised by LIBER and EBLIDA. In a full report on the Workshop on the JISC website, the JISC highlighted that ‘high on the agenda were moves towards a European Digital Library – the delivery of integrated access to the digitised collections of libraries, archives and museums across the EU.’ At a global level, this was indeed one of the main aims of the Workshop. As the Chair of the breakout groups, and the final session of the Workshop, I gave an interview for the JISC immediately after the final session where I looked at what I thought were some of the issues to be identified by the Workshop. The purpose of this paper is to describe some of these issues in a little more detail and outline what work LIBER and EBLIDA have undertaken in the wake of the significant momentum which the Workshop has engendered for European digitisation activity.

  8. 广东高职院校文科生创业素质模型构建及培养模式探索%Exploration on the Model Construction and Cultivation Mode of the Entrepreneurship Quality of Liberal Arts Students from Higher Vocational Colleges of Guangdong

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑楚山; 陈锐钊

    2016-01-01

    随着国家各种鼓励政策出台和市场经济发展,越来越多的广东高职院校学生萌生了创业的想法,但现实中高职院校学生创业成功的例子却很少。高职院校学生创业素质现状不乐观,创业教育体系不完善。本文通过文献分析、问卷调研、访谈等形式,重新探索大学生创业素质,建立素质模型:创业意识45%、创业知识25%和创业能力30%。本文通过比较分析大学生素质现状与素质模型之间的差距,旨在探索提高广东高职院校文科生创业素质的培训方法。%With the announcement of various encouragement policies and the development of market economy, an increasing number of higher vocational college students in Guangdong are considering starting their own businesses, but there are few cases of successful entrepreneurship in real life. The entrepreneurship quality of higher vocational college students is less impressive and the entrepreneurship education system is still imperfect. Through literature analysis, questionnaire survey, interviews, , this paper re-explores the entrepreneurship quality of college students and establishes a quality model: entrepreneurship awareness occupies 45%; entrepreneurship knowledge occupies 25%;entrepreneurship ability occupies 30%. Through a compar-ative analysis on the current situation of college students' quality and its gap with the quality model, this paper explores the meth-ods to cultivate the entrepreneurship quality of liberal arts stu-dents from higher vocational colleges of Guangdong.

  9. A survey about the personality disorder status of the first grade students in a liberal arts college and the risk factors%某高校文科一年级学生人格障碍现况及其危险因素调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    土文珍; 石华孟; 王小同; 黄汉津; 胡立荣; 林崇光; 郭晗峰; 杨闯

    2013-01-01

    目的:调查某高校文科一年级学生人格障碍的患病率并探讨人格障碍的危险因素.方法:使用人格诊断问卷(PDQ-R)、国际人格障碍检查表(IPDE)等调查温州市某高校文科一年级学生.结果:在1 205名某高校生中PDQ-R总分为(23.9±8.4)分,阳性率为6.30%;确诊人格障碍30例,患病率为2.49%;强迫型人格障碍的患病率(1.09%)和构成比(37%)均为最高;人格障碍的危险因素有父母关系不和睦、单亲家庭等.结论:此高校生中人格障碍患病率较低,家庭环境不良对人格障碍的形成具有重要作用.%Objective: To investigate the personality characteristics and the prevalence of personality disorder among undergraduate students. And to explore risk factors of personality disorder. Methods: Screening personality disorder Personality Diagnostic Questionnaire-Revised (PDQ-R) was applied among all the freshmen in a key liberal arts university in Wenzhou. For diagnosing personality disorder, psychiatrists examined the students with positive PDQ-R score by International Personality Disorder Examination (IPDE). Results: Among 1 205 freshmen the mean of total PDQ-R score was 23.9 ± 8.4 positive rate was 6.30% when the cutpoint of total PDQ-R 38 (x-± 1.645 one tail). Thirty cases was diagnosed as personality disorder by IPDE. The prevalence of personality disorder in the study population was 2.49%. Of ten types of personality disorder, the highest prevalenc was compulsive personality disorder (1.09%) with highest constitution rate (37%). The prevalence of personality disorder in poor relationship between parents 6.18% versus 2.13%. The prevalence of personality disorder in single-parent family was 6.61% versus 1.83% in parents family. Conclusion: The prevalence of personality disorder is lower in undergraduate students. The poor relationship between parents, and single-parent family are risk factors of personality disorder.

  10. Renewable energy annual 1996

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    This report presents summary data on renewable energy consumption, the status of each of the primary renewable technologies, a profile of each of the associated industries, an analysis of topical issues related to renewable energy, and information on renewable energy projects worldwide. It is the second in a series of annual reports on renewable energy. The renewable energy resources included in the report are biomass (wood and ethanol); municipal solid waste, including waste-to-energy and landfill gas; geothermal; wind; and solar energy, including solar thermal and photovoltaic. The report also includes various appendices and a glossary.

  11. Child Labor and Trade Liberalization in Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kis-Katos, Krisztina; Sparrow, Robert

    2011-01-01

    We examine the effects of trade liberalization on child work in Indonesia, identifying geographical differences in the effects of trade policy through district level exposure to reduction in import tariff barriers, from 1993 to 2002. The results suggest that increased exposure to trade liberalization is associated with a decrease in child work…

  12. Child Labor and Trade Liberalization in Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kis-Katos, Krisztina; Sparrow, Robert

    2011-01-01

    We examine the effects of trade liberalization on child work in Indonesia, identifying geographical differences in the effects of trade policy through district level exposure to reduction in import tariff barriers, from 1993 to 2002. The results suggest that increased exposure to trade liberalization is associated with a decrease in child work…

  13. Language Maintenance: A Liberal-Egalitarian Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lewis, Huw

    2013-01-01

    This paper will seek to determine what types of legislative or policy measures should be considered as morally acceptable ones for the state to implement as part of a language maintenance effort. It will approach the issue from a liberal-egalitarian perspective. As a first step, a series of normative constraints that liberal-egalitarians would…

  14. Welfare Rights in the Liberal Tradition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Horne, Thomas A.

    1990-01-01

    Maintains that welfare rights are not incompatible with liberalism's commitment to private property and freedom. Argues that students need to be aware of liberalism's favorable historical position on welfare. Examines the positions of John Locke, Thomas Paine, and John Stuart Mills on poverty, welfare, and the role of the state. (RW)

  15. Liberal Education and the Public Interest.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freedman, James O.

    This collection of essays makes the case for a liberal education while providing a guide to higher education administrators facing contemporary challenges such as the threat to affirmative action or debates over tenure. The chapters are: (1) "Mounting the Public Stage"; (2) "Defending Higher Education"; (3) "Preserving Liberal Education"; (4)…

  16. Neo-Liberalism in Crisis? Educational Dimensions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Small, David

    2011-01-01

    Until the global financial crisis, neo-liberalism had appeared invincible. This article examines the global rise of neo-liberalism and its impact on education, particularly its treatment of the social democratic ideal of equality. Drawing on examples from education and other socio-political factors, it considers whether the financial crisis is…

  17. Language Maintenance: A Liberal-Egalitarian Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lewis, Huw

    2013-01-01

    This paper will seek to determine what types of legislative or policy measures should be considered as morally acceptable ones for the state to implement as part of a language maintenance effort. It will approach the issue from a liberal-egalitarian perspective. As a first step, a series of normative constraints that liberal-egalitarians would…

  18. Teaching Grammar as a Liberating Force

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cullen, Richard

    2008-01-01

    The idea of grammar as a "liberating force" comes from a paper by Henry Widdowson (1990) in which grammar is depicted as a resource which liberates the language user from an over-dependency on lexis and context for the expression of meaning. In this paper, I consider the implications for second language teaching of the notion of grammar as a…

  19. Teaching for Toleration in Pluralist Liberal Democracies

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Waarden, Betto

    2017-01-01

    This article determines which education enables the perpetuation of diverse ways of life and the liberal democracy that accommodates this diversity. Liberals like John Rawls, Stephen Macedo, and William Galston have disagreed about the scope of civic education. Based on an analysis of toleration--the primary means for maintaining a pluralist…

  20. Sources and legitimacy of financial liberalization

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Burgoon, B.; Demetriades, P.; Underhill, G.R.D.

    2012-01-01

    This article seeks to clarify how we understand domestic and international sources of globalization and specifically how we explain financial liberalization across countries. The article also develops our understanding of the underlying legitimacy of financial liberalization. We debate e.g. Abiad an

  1. Desert, Liberalism and Justice in Democratic Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jonsson, Olafur Pall

    2012-01-01

    Liberal democratic education, as advocated in recent accounts of citizenship education or civic education, is often seen as incompatible with moral education or character education rooted in specific views regarding the virtues. This contrast relies on well established philosophical differences between liberal views of justice and democracy, on…

  2. Welfare Rights in the Liberal Tradition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Horne, Thomas A.

    1990-01-01

    Maintains that welfare rights are not incompatible with liberalism's commitment to private property and freedom. Argues that students need to be aware of liberalism's favorable historical position on welfare. Examines the positions of John Locke, Thomas Paine, and John Stuart Mills on poverty, welfare, and the role of the state. (RW)

  3. Teaching Grammar as a Liberating Force

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cullen, Richard

    2008-01-01

    The idea of grammar as a "liberating force" comes from a paper by Henry Widdowson (1990) in which grammar is depicted as a resource which liberates the language user from an over-dependency on lexis and context for the expression of meaning. In this paper, I consider the implications for second language teaching of the notion of grammar as a…

  4. 49 CFR 1100.3 - Liberal construction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Liberal construction. 1100.3 Section 1100.3 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) SURFACE TRANSPORTATION BOARD, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION RULES OF PRACTICE GENERAL PROVISIONS § 1100.3 Liberal construction. The rules...

  5. Hacia una teoría liberal del castigo: Locke, propiedad e individualismo Towards a Liberal Theory of Punishment: Locke, Property and Individualism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ALFONSO DONOSO

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available A partir del análisis crítico de la teoría y propuesta de justificación del castigo penal de Nicolás Maloberti, este artículo avanza una serie de principios y consideraciones que cualquier teoría liberal y lockeana del castigo debe tomar seriamente. Este artículo argumenta que la concepción del estado de Locke -una institución fundada parcial pero significativamente en el derecho a castigar a quien viole derechos naturales- y el carácter básico del derecho a la propiedad dentro de ese esquema de derechos naturales, son elementos que deben llevarnos a afirmar que cualquier teoría genuinamente liberal del castigo no puede prescindir del carácter político del derecho a castigar.By offering a critical analysis of Nicolás Maloberti's recent theory and justification of punishment, this article accounts for a series of principles and considerations that any liberal and Lockean theory of punishment must take seriously. Indeed, this article contends that Locke's conception of the state -an institution grounded on the right to punish violators of natural rights- and the basic character of the right to property within that scheme of rights, are elements that should lead us to affirm that no genuine liberal theory of punishment can dispense with the political character of the right to punish.

  6. The Dilemma Between Revolution and Affection---Narrative Strategies in the Works about“Mother Loss Her Son”in the Literature and Art Creation of the Liberated Areas in the 1940s%“革命-亲情”的两难困境--论20世纪40年代解放区文艺“母亲丧子”题材的叙事策略

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈俏湄

    2016-01-01

    In the literary and art creation of the liberated areas in the 1940s,some works themed“moth-er loss her son” placed mothers in a dilemma between revolution and blood affection,and described the loy-alty of revolution overcoming maternal instinct. There are two kinds of narrative strategies used in the special subject: First,the soldier from the Eighth Route Army was endowed with identity advantage from revolution-ary ethic. And the sin of killing-sub and bereavement were overshadowed or transferred by the favor of liber-ation and the hatred to enemy. Second,a contradiction was made between revolution and natural affection. The works described mother’s alienation from blood affection and replaced the natural love between mother and son with the compensatory affection from the soldier. Behind the narrative strategy there’s an ambivalent attitude of revolutionary politics towards family (affection). The works about“mother loss her son”could be seen as an extreme case of emotional mobilization in revolutionary literature.%在20世纪40年代的解放区文艺创作中,一些以“母亲丧子”为题材的作品将母亲们置于革命与血缘亲情的两难处境中,描写革命大义对于母性本能的胜利。作品在表现这一独特的题材时运用了两种叙事策略:一是赋予八路军战士来自革命伦理的身份优势,以“解救之恩”与“对敌之仇”完成对“杀子之罪”与“丧子之痛”的遮蔽或转移;二是制造革命与亲情之间二元对立的矛盾,描写母亲对血缘亲情的疏离,并以战士的“代偿式亲情”补偿、替换天然的母子情。叙事策略背后是革命政治对于家庭(亲情)的矛盾态度,“母亲丧子”题材可视为革命文学情感动员的极端案例。

  7. Renewable energy and climate change

    CERN Document Server

    Quaschning, Volker

    2010-01-01

    This dazzling introductory textbook encompasses the full range of today's important renewable energy technologies. Solar thermal, photovoltaic, wind, hydro, biomass and geothermal energy receive balanced treatment with one exciting and informative chapter devoted to each. As well as a complete overview of these state-of-the-art technologies, the chapters provide: clear analysis on their development potentials; an evaluation of the economic aspects involved; concrete guidance for practical implementation; how to reduce your own energy waste. If we do not act now to stop climate change, the cons.

  8. Russian Liberalism in Crisis? Khodorkovsky Revisited

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David White

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The electoral decline of liberal parties has been a key feature of post-Soviet politics in Russia. Using Mikhail Khodorkovsky’s critique of Russian liberalism as a starting point for analysis, it is argued that a lack of cohesion and unity has undermined support for liberal-democratic forces. Ultimately, however, exogenous factors over which the liberal parties have had no control (the marginalisation of opposition, the restriction of media access and the huge imbalance of resources available to political parties in Russia have played the major determining role in the liberals’ decline. It is argued that Russia’s two main liberal parties during the Putin years were targeted by the regime because they were opposition parties. In Russia’s electoral authoritarian system, political opposition has been systematically excluded and fragmented, the aim being not just to restrict but to close off any potential opportunities.

  9. Arte precolombino, arte moderno y arte latinoamericano

    OpenAIRE

    Gamboa Hinestrosa, Pablo

    2014-01-01

    ¿Cuál es la vigencia del arte precolombino? ¿Qué ha aportado ala corriente del arte universal? ¿Qué se deben mutuamente arte modernoy arte precolombino? Estos planteamientos nos sirven para establecerla vigencia del arte precolombino en Latinoamérica, buscandoantecedentes desde los tiempos de la Conquista hasta nuestros días.

  10. Arte precolombino, arte moderno y arte latinoamericano

    OpenAIRE

    Gamboa Hinestrosa, Pablo

    2014-01-01

    ¿Cuál es la vigencia del arte precolombino? ¿Qué ha aportado ala corriente del arte universal? ¿Qué se deben mutuamente arte modernoy arte precolombino? Estos planteamientos nos sirven para establecerla vigencia del arte precolombino en Latinoamérica, buscandoantecedentes desde los tiempos de la Conquista hasta nuestros días.

  11. Renewable Energy Certificates (RECs)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Renewable Energy Certificates (RECs), are tradable, non-tangible energy commodities in the United States that represent proof that 1 megawatt-hour (MWh) of electricity was generated from an eligible renewable energy resource.

  12. Renewable energy annual 1995

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-12-01

    The Renewable Energy Annual 1995 is the first in an expected series of annual reports the Energy Information Administration (EIA) intends to publish to provide a comprehensive assessment of renewable energy. This report presents the following information on the history, status, and prospects of renewable energy data: estimates of renewable resources; characterizations of renewable energy technologies; descriptions of industry infrastructures for individual technologies; evaluations of current market status; and assessments of near-term prospects for market growth. An international section is included, as well as two feature articles that discuss issues of importance for renewable energy as a whole. The report also contains a number of technical appendices and a glossary. The renewable energy sources included are biomass (wood), municipal solid waste, biomass-derived liquid fuels, geothermal, wind, and solar and photovoltaic.

  13. VT Renewable Energy Sites - Renewable Energy Professionals

    Data.gov (United States)

    Vermont Center for Geographic Information — (Link to Metadata) The Renewable Energy Atlas of Vermont and this dataset were created to assist town energy committees, the Clean Energy Development Fund and other...

  14. Renewable Energy: Policy Considerations for Deploying Renewables

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2011-07-01

    This information paper accompanies the IEA publication Deploying Renewables 2011: Best and Future Policy Practice (IEA, 2011a). It provides more detailed data and analysis on policies for Deploying Renewables, and is intended to complement the main publication. It provides an account of the strategic drivers underpinning renewable energy (RE) technology deployment (energy security, economic development and environment protection) and assesses RE technologies with respect to these drivers, including an estimate of GHG emissions reductions due to RE technologies. The paper also explores the different barriers to deploying renewables at a given stage of market maturity and discusses what tools policy makers can avail of to succeed in removing deployment barriers. An additional topical highlight explores the challenges associated with accelerating the diffusion of RE technologies in developing countries.

  15. Essays on liberalized energy markets

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nese, Gjermund

    2003-07-01

    This thesis consists of four essays that aim at contributing to the understanding of some of the new challenges associated by the liberalized energy markets. More specifically the essays consider investments in energy generation projects; international trade of Green Certificates, market power in a Green Certificate system, and finally the behaviour of public firms in liberalized markets. Essay 1 considers energy investment, when a choice has to be made between fossil fuel and biomass fired production technologies. A dynamic model is presented to illustrate the effect of the different degrees of input price uncertainty on the choice of technology and the timing of the investment. It is shown that when the choice of technology is irreversible, it may be optimal to postpone the investment even if it would otherwise be optimal to invest in one or both of the plant types. We provide a numerical example based on cost estimates of two different power plant types. Essay 2 presents an analytical equilibrium model for simultaneously functioning international markets for electricity and Green Certificates is formulated. The percentage requirement is perceived as the policy instrument affecting the level of green electricity in end-use consumption. In none of the cases considered does an increase in the country's percentage requirement necessarily result in an increase in the generation of green electricity in that country, but it may have a positive effect on the trading partner's generation of green electricity. Further, under quite realistic assumptions, a country maximizes its generation of green electricity by setting the percentage requirement to zero. In essay 3 an analytic equilibrium model for a simultaneously functioning electricity market and a market for Green Certificates is formulated. The major focus of the paper is the effect of market power in a Green Certificate system. One of the main results is that the certificate system faced with market power

  16. Hacia una teoría liberal del castigo: Locke, propiedad e individualismo Towards a Liberal Theory of Punishment: Locke, Property and Individualism

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    A partir del análisis crítico de la teoría y propuesta de justificación del castigo penal de Nicolás Maloberti, este artículo avanza una serie de principios y consideraciones que cualquier teoría liberal y lockeana del castigo debe tomar seriamente. Este artículo argumenta que la concepción del estado de Locke -una institución fundada parcial pero significativamente en el derecho a castigar a quien viole derechos naturales- y el carácter básico del derecho a la propiedad dentro de ese esquema...

  17. La evaluación social en el Estado Liberal La evaluación social en el Estado Liberal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leonardo Solarte Pazo

    2003-06-01

    Full Text Available This article treats on the social evaluation, particularly referred to the state interventions by means of policies, programs or public projects, approaching the public evaluation like a discipline in whom elements of diverse fields of the knowledge are conjugatedsuch as political science, the public policies and the public administration.Its intention is to make notice the existing relation between the evaluative theory andthe principles of political liberalism, as well as the potential importance of the evaluativepractice within the liberal state of well-being. In the first case some existing theoreticalnexuses between the evaluative theory and the liberal political theory are identified, inthree dimensions: axiological, epistemological and the conception of the state.In the second case, diverse forms appear to conceive the roll of the evaluation like a toolof conformation of the democracy, political and social learning, as well as mechanism toimprove the management of the government.Este artículo trata sobre la evaluación social, particularmente referida a las intervenciones estatales mediante políticas, programas o proyectos públicos, abordando la evaluación como una disciplina en la que se conjugan elementos de diversos campos del conocimiento y específicamente la ciencia política, las políticas públicas y la administración pública.Su intención es hacer notar la relación existente entre la teoría evaluativa y los principiosdel liberalismo político,   así como la potencial importancia de la práctica de la evaluacióndentro del estado liberal de bienestar. En el primer caso se plantean algunos nexos teóricosexistentes entre la teoría evaluativa y la teoría política liberal, en tres dimensiones:axiológica, epistemológica y la concepción del Estado. En el segundo caso, se presentandiversas formas de concebir el rol de la evaluación como una herramienta de conformaciónde la democracia, aprendizaje político y social

  18. 78 FR 74175 - Federal Council on the Arts and the Humanities; Arts and Artifacts Indemnity Panel Advisory...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-10

    ... ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES Federal Council on the Arts and the Humanities; Arts and Artifacts Indemnity... for Arts and Artifacts Indemnity Panel Advisory Committee. SUMMARY: Pursuant to section 9(a)(2) of the... and Artifacts Indemnity Panel advisory committee was renewed for an additional two-year period...

  19. Bonaparte libertador Bonaparte, the liberator

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciano Canfora

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Este ensaio procura analisar as ambigüidades presentes na guerra de libertação conduzida pelos revolucionários franceses nos vários países europeus, seguindo os limites nem sempre claros entre as tentativas de "exportação da revolução" e a realização de uma "guerra de conquista". Considera-se a diferente posição assumida a esse propósito pelos jacobinos e pelos girondinos, e a reação à presença francesa no interior das populações "libertadas" ou "dominadas" por Napoleão.This essay aims to analyze the ambiguities in the liberation war conducted by the French revolutionaries in several European countries. It follows the limits, which are not always so clear, between the attempts of "exporting the revolution" and the rea-lization of a "war of conquest". The different positions taken by the Jacobins and the Girondists regarding this matter and the reaction to the French presence of the populations that were "freed" or "dominated" by Napoleon are also considered.

  20. ethiopia's wto accession and financial services liberalization

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    TilahunEK

    2002-02-21

    Feb 21, 2002 ... Trade Organization Economic Research and Analysis Division, Staff ...... constitutes a liberalization proposal without incurring any cost.65 ...... financial system against contagion and the GATS do not prescribe and impose.

  1. Financial Liberalization: What Have We Learnt?

    OpenAIRE

    Lamberte, Mario B.

    1985-01-01

    This article attempts to study the Philippine experience with financial liberalization. In particular, it examines the impact of interest rate reforms on the flow of loanable funds in the organized financial market.

  2. Foucault and Human Rights: Seeking the Renewal of Human Rights Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zembylas, Michalinos

    2016-01-01

    This article takes up Foucault's politics of human rights and suggests that it may constitute a point of departure for the renewal of HRE, not only because it rejects the moral superiority of humanism--the grounding for the dominant liberal framework of international human rights--but also because it makes visible the complexities of human rights…

  3. Foucault and Human Rights: Seeking the Renewal of Human Rights Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zembylas, Michalinos

    2016-01-01

    This article takes up Foucault's politics of human rights and suggests that it may constitute a point of departure for the renewal of HRE, not only because it rejects the moral superiority of humanism--the grounding for the dominant liberal framework of international human rights--but also because it makes visible the complexities of human rights…

  4. Integrating Science and the Arts in the Classroom.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dobbs, Stephen Mark

    1995-01-01

    The value of an interdisciplinary approach in a liberal arts education is stressed, and such a program at San Francisco State University (California) is profiled. The program helps students understand the reciprocal relationship between scientific development and cultural values. One course, "The Visual World of Science and Art," is…

  5. Participation in Community Arts: Lessons from the Inner-City

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clennon, Ornette D.; Kagan, Carolyn; Lawthom, Rebecca; Swindells, Rachel

    2016-01-01

    In this paper, we critically reflect, through the lens of liberation psychology, on our experiences of using participative community arts in work with young people and intergenerational groups in inner-city Manchester, UK. We used mixed methods to examine the impact of and engagement with community arts in two projects. One study was quasi…

  6. John Porter Lecture: Liberal Nationalisms Revisited.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kennedy, James

    2016-02-01

    Liberal Nationalisms: Empire, State and Civil Society in Scotland and Quebec argues that the emergence and character of nationalism are directly related to changes in patterns of political rule and the liberal settlements that underlay that rule. The focus is on the emergence of two nationalist groups in Scotland and Quebec at the beginning of the twentieth century: the Young Scots' Society and Ligue nationaliste canadienne. They exhibited liberal nationalisms differently (1) in response to the British Empire's predatory imperial policies, (2) in the perception that their states had failed to effectively accommodate the Scottish and French Canadian nations, and more problematically (3) on the place of organized religion in civil society. Their responses suggest the emergence of two quite distinct liberal nationalisms: one in which the emphasis was on universal individual rights, and the other in which particular group rights were more clearly favored. The article offers some further reflection on the relationship between nationalism and liberalism, specifically on the existence of a symbiotic relationship and more generally that liberalism is successful when embedded in nationalism.

  7. Renewable smart materials

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Hyun Chan; Mun, Seongcheol; Ko, Hyun-U.; Zhai, Lindong; Kafy, Abdullahil; Kim, Jaehwan

    2016-07-01

    The use of renewable materials is essential in future technologies to harmonize with our living environment. Renewable materials can maintain our resources from the environment so as to overcome degradation of natural environmental services and diminished productivity. This paper reviews recent advancement of renewable materials for smart material applications, including wood, cellulose, chitin, lignin, and their sensors, actuators and energy storage applications. To further improve functionality of renewable materials, hybrid composites of inorganic functional materials are introduced by incorporating carbon nanotubes, titanium dioxide and tin oxide conducting polymers and ionic liquids. Since renewable materials have many advantages of biocompatible, sustainable, biodegradable, high mechanical strength and versatile modification behaviors, more research efforts need to be focused on the development of renewable smart materials.

  8. The renewable chemicals industry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Claus H.; Rass-Hansen, J.; Marsden, Charlotte Clare

    2008-01-01

    The possibilities for establishing a renewable chemicals industry featuring renewable resources as the dominant feedstock rather than fossil resources are discussed in this Concept. Such use of biomass can potentially be interesting from both an economical and ecological perspective. Simple...... per kilogram of desired product to illustrate in which processes the use of renewable resources lead to the most substantial reduction of CO2 emissions. The steps towards a renewable chemicals industry will most likely involve intimate integration of biocatalytic and conventional catalytic processes...... and educational tools are introduced to allow initial estimates of which chemical processes could be viable. Specifically, fossil and renewables value chains are used to indicate where renewable feedstocks can be optimally valorized. Additionally, C factors are introduced that specify the amount of CO2 produced...

  9. Policies for Renewable Heat

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2012-07-01

    This paper builds on IEA publications, Deploying Renewables, Principles for Effective Policies and Deploying Renewables, Best and Future Policy Practice, that discuss the 'integrated policy approach,' whereby renewable energy technologies require different support policies at different stages of their maturity pathways. The paper discusses how the integrated policy approach applies to renewable heat. It attempts to provide guidance for policy-makers on renewable heat throughout the different phases of the policy lifecycle, allowing for the specific challenges of renewable heat and needs of the many stakeholders involved. Stimulating a market for heat involves challenges that are different and, often, more difficult to overcome than in the electricity and transport sectors.

  10. Empresa, civilización y política: representaciones sobre el oficio periodístico en El Diario de Pereira y Vanguardia Liberal de Bucaramanga durante la República Liberal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Acevedo Tarazona Álvaro

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available En el contexto de la República Liberal (1930-1946, El Diario de Pereira y Vanguardia Liberal de Bucaramanga fueron los referentes de la prensa liberal en sus respectivas regiones. En medio del protagonismo adquirido con la consolidación del liberalismo en las instancias locales, regionales y nacionales del poder a partir de 1930, sus contenidos abundaron en argumentaciones sobre el sentido de su labor periodística respecto a tres perspectivas específicas: como empresa, como vocero civilizador, y como tribuna política. En su conjunto estas perspectivas son las que marcan la pauta del papel orientador desarrollado por ambos periódicos durante estos años y representan el fundamento del análisis presentado en este artículo. Enterprise,Civilization and Politic: Representations About the Journalism Function in El Diario From Pereira and Vanguardia Liberal From Bucaramanga Among the Liberal RepublicAbstractWithin the context of the Liberal Republic (1930-1946 El Diario from Pereira and Vanguardia Liberal from Bucaramanga were the main referents of the liberal press in their regions. As part of the prominence that these newspapers acquired after 1930, thanks to the consolidation of the liberalism in the local, regional and national levels, their contents presented three different perspectives of their journalism function sense: as a company, as and as civilizing representative and as a political tribune. Together these perspectives shape the guiding role developed by both newspapers during those years and represent the basis of the analysis presented in this article.

  11. Art Imitating Art

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eric Brook

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Using as a contextual reference my experience of seeing the original and copy of Michelangelo's David in Florence, I briefly introduce how the Platonic legacy has affected that discourse. The Western preference in art and aesthetics is typically in favor of the original over the copy, despite whatever indiscernibility may exist between them. Since Arthur Danto has treated this phenomenon in his text The Transfiguration of the Commonplace, his relevant comments are considered and adapted for the purpose of working through how one understands the relationship between the original and copy in terms of a criterion for defining art.

  12. Renewable energy resources

    CERN Document Server

    Twidell, John

    2015-01-01

    Renewable Energy Resources is a numerate and quantitative text covering the full range of renewable energy technologies and their implementation worldwide. Energy supplies from renewables (such as from biofuels, solar heat, photovoltaics, wind, hydro, wave, tidal, geothermal, and ocean-thermal) are essential components of every nation's energy strategy, not least because of concerns for the local and global environment, for energy security and for sustainability. Thus in the years between the first and this third edition, most renewable energy technologies have grown from fledgling impact to s

  13. Liberal Neutrality : Constructivist, not foundationalist

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lendell Horne

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available In defending the principle of neutrality, liberals have often appealed to a more general moral principle that forbids coercing persons in the name of reasons those persons themselves cannot reasonably be expected to share. Yet liberals have struggled to articulate a non-arbitrary, non-dogmatic distinction between the reasons that persons can reasonably be expected to share and those they cannot. The reason for this, I argue, is that what it means to “share a reason” is itself obscure. In this paper I articulate two different conceptions of what it is to share a reason; I call these conceptions “foundationalist” and “constructivist.” On the foundationalist view, two people “share” a reason just in the sense that the same reason applies to each of them independently. On this view, I argue, debates about the reasons we share collapse into debates about the reasons we have, moving us no closer to an adequate defense of neutrality. On the constructivist view, by contrast, “sharing reasons” is understood as a kind of activity, and the reasons we must share are just those reasons that make this activity possible. I argue that the constructivist conception of sharing reasons yields a better defense of the principle of neutrality. À travers leur défense du principe de neutralité, les libéraux ont souvent interpellé un principe moral plus général qui interdit de contraindre des personnes pour des raisons dont on ne peut raisonnablement attendre que ces personnes elles-mêmes les partagent. Les libéraux éprouvent cependant de la difficulté à articuler une distinction non-arbitraire et non-dogmatique entre les raisons dont on peut raisonnablement attendre que les personnes les partagent et celles dont on ne le peut pas. Je soutiens dans cet article que cette difficulté provient du fait que «partager une raison » est une notion obscure. Pour illustrer cela, je me pencherai sur deux conceptions distinctes de ce que veut dire

  14. Renewable Energy Systems: Technology Overview and Perspectives

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2017-01-01

    In this chapter, essential statistics demonstrating the increasing role of renewable energy generation are first discussed. A state-of-the-art review section covers the fundamentals of wind turbine and photovoltaic (PV) systems. Schematic diagrams illustrating the main components and system...... topologies are included. Also, the increasing role of power electronics is explained as an enabler for renewable energy integration and for future power systems and smart grids. Recent examples of research and development, including new devices and system installations for utility power plants......, including PV and concentrating solar power; wave energy; fuel cells; and storage with batteries and hydrogen, respectively. Recommended further readings on topics of electric power engineering for renewable energy are included in the final section....

  15. Renewable Fuels and Lubricants Laboratory (Fact Sheet)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2014-08-01

    This fact sheet describes the Renewable Fuels and Lubricants (ReFUEL) Laboratory at the U.S. Department of Energy National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) is a state-of-the-art research and testing facility for advanced fuels and vehicles. Research and development aims to improve vehicle efficiency and overcome barriers to the increased use of renewable diesel and other nonpetroleum-based fuels, such as biodiesel and synthetic diesel derived from biomass. The ReFUEL Laboratory features a chassis dynamometer for vehicle performance and emissions research, two engine dynamometer test cells for advanced fuels research, and precise emissions analysis equipment. As a complement to these capabilities, detailed studies of fuel properties, with a focus on ignition quality, are performed at NREL's Fuel Chemistry Laboratory.

  16. Liberty Challenge or Dangers of Liberal Democracy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dalia Eidukienė

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available The article analyses dialectics of a modern democracy and liberalism through the new (from the quality point of view subsistence of liberty, the priority element of democracy, in liberal democracies. The significance of such discourse is determined by the existing social inequality and its conversion into political domain. Particular attention is paid to the social issue, which was treated by Max Weber already as the reason of death of the old, fanatic German “national liberalism”, since it has not managed to belong to the German environment. Even today, it still lies in the principles of life and reality of “young” democratic post­soviet states. Conversion of a social issue into political domain disorganises the society, and it is hardly capable to socialise its norms and values in order to be obligated with regard to civic goals. In other words, the social issue significantly adjusts the pace and direction of transformation of the society. Therefore, an immature “young” liberal democracy may become “less liberal” or no longer conform to the “strict” definition of liberal democracy. Referring to the above, we conclude that social composition should become the medium of political reconstruction for “young” democracies. This does not mean, however, the change of the genetic code of liberalism. This is a striving to vest it, as an ideology, additional powers for rationalisation of democracy by delivering to it the content and the meaning, which would answer the challenges and problems of the time. Liberalism should create a new, from the quality point of view, hierarchy of values and become a new context for both political thinking and democracy. This would render new impulses to economic and public politics, meanwhile developing new premises for a new, from the quality point of view, democracy that would help to consolidate the society for the becoming of liberal democracy.  

  17. Renewable Energy in Alaska

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2013-03-01

    This report examines the opportunities, challenges, and costs associated with renewable energy implementation in Alaska and provides strategies that position Alaska's accumulating knowledge in renewable energy development for export to the rapidly growing energy/electric markets of the developing world.

  18. Marine Renewable Energies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Azzellino, Arianna; Conley, Daniel; Vicinanza, Diego

    2013-01-01

    Countries with coastlines may have valuable renewable energy resources in the form of tides, currents, waves, and offshorewind.The potential to gather energy from the sea has recently gained interest in several nations, so Marine Renewable Energy Installations (hereinafter MREIs) will likely become...

  19. Region 9 Renewable Energy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Renewable energy production is expected to increase significantly in the next 25 years. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response (OSWER) Center for Program Analysis (OCPA) has initiated the RE-Powering America's Land Initiative to demonstrate the enormous potential that contaminated land and mining sites provide for developing renewable energy in the U.S.

  20. Renewable Energy Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Daugherty, Michael K.; Carter, Vinson R.

    2010-01-01

    In many ways the field of renewable energy technology is being introduced to a society that has little knowledge or background with anything beyond traditional exhaustible forms of energy and power. Dotson (2009) noted that the real challenge is to inform and educate the citizenry of the renewable energy potential through the development of…

  1. Renewable Energy Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Daugherty, Michael K.; Carter, Vinson R.

    2010-01-01

    In many ways the field of renewable energy technology is being introduced to a society that has little knowledge or background with anything beyond traditional exhaustible forms of energy and power. Dotson (2009) noted that the real challenge is to inform and educate the citizenry of the renewable energy potential through the development of…

  2. Renewable energy resources

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ellabban, Omar S.; Abu-Rub, Haitham A.; Blaabjerg, Frede

    2014-01-01

    Electric energy security is essential, yet the high cost and limited sources of fossil fuels, in addition to the need to reduce greenhouse gasses emission, have made renewable resources attractive in world energy-based economies. The potential for renewable energy resources is enormous because...... they can, in principle, exponentially exceed the world's energy demand; therefore, these types of resources will have a significant share in the future global energy portfolio, much of which is now concentrating on advancing their pool of renewable energy resources. Accordingly, this paper presents how...... renewable energy resources are currently being used, scientific developments to improve their use, their future prospects, and their deployment. Additionally, the paper represents the impact of power electronics and smart grid technologies that can enable the proportionate share of renewable energy...

  3. The liberal battlefields of global business regulation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kate Macdonald

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available The global justice movement has often been associated with opposition to the broad programme of ‘neoliberalism’ and associated patterns of ‘corporate globalisation’, creating a widespread impression that this movement is opposed to liberalism more broadly conceived. Our goal in this article is to challenge this widespread view. By engaging in critical interpretive analysis of the contemporary ‘corporate accountability’ movement, we argue that the corporate accountability agenda is not opposed to the core values of a liberal project. Rather, it is seeking to reconfigure the design of liberal institutions of individual rights-protection, adjusting these for new material conditions associated with economic globalisation, under which powerful corporations alongside states now pose direct and significant threats to individual rights. This activist agenda is, therefore, much less radical in its challenge to the prevailing liberal global order than it may initially appear, since it functions to buttress rather than corrode many core normative commitments underpinning the liberal political project.

  4. Conservatives report, but liberals display, greater happiness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wojcik, Sean P; Hovasapian, Arpine; Graham, Jesse; Motyl, Matt; Ditto, Peter H

    2015-03-13

    Research suggesting that political conservatives are happier than political liberals has relied exclusively on self-report measures of subjective well-being. We show that this finding is fully mediated by conservatives' self-enhancing style of self-report (study 1; N = 1433) and then describe three studies drawing from "big data" sources to assess liberal-conservative differences in happiness-related behavior (studies 2 to 4; N = 4936). Relative to conservatives, liberals more frequently used positive emotional language in their speech and smiled more intensely and genuinely in photographs. Our results were consistent across large samples of online survey takers, U.S. politicians, Twitter users, and LinkedIn users. Our findings illustrate the nuanced relationship between political ideology, self-enhancement, and happiness and illuminate the contradictory ways that happiness differences can manifest across behavior and self-reports.

  5. How has liberation theology influenced my practice?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chan, Zenobia C Y

    2011-08-01

    In this paper, I would like to share with readers some concepts from liberation theology in relation to Christian nursing. First, I present liberation theology to explore its concepts and how they can shed light on Christian nursing. I introduce liberation theology and discuss the three concepts of relevance to Christian nursing: emancipatory knowing, contextual mindedness and socioeconomic inequality. Two case studies will be described to revisit the importance of building a rapport, learning the patient's story in a humble and respectful way, and addressing the social inequality and heath disparity of which we should be aware in a patient-nurse encounter. The possibility for collaboration between theologians and Christian nurses should be further explored in the future.

  6. Deliberative Democracy between Social Liberalism and Neoliberalism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Loftager, Jørn

    During the same decades as neoliberalism has expanded at the expense of social liberalism, democratic theory has witnessed a profound deliberative turn. The paper explores links be-tween these developments and presents a double argument. First, it argues for a critical oppo-sition between a current...... agenda with problems calling for effective public reasoning and the predominance of neoliberal politics and ideas of citizenship. Whereas a social liberal notion of citizenship based on equal rights is conducive to deliberative democracy, recent years’ ne-oliberalism tends to define citizenship in terms...... in neoliberal ontology (Hayek). Here there is a remarkable parallel to French solidarism and especially the social liberal think-ing of Durkheim. Danish politics will serve as an illustrative empirical, least likely, case in point....

  7. School religious education in a liberating perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Luis Meza Rueda

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Religious education in Colombia, according to Law 115 of 1994, is an area of fundamental training. However, its purpose of promoting the religious dimension of human beings and understanding the role of religion in culture is far from being achieved, because, in practice, it is considered as an area of second order, is disjointed from the curriculum and is still working as the “religion lesson” of the past. What to do against this? Could it be another way of thinking about religious education? We estimate that, as presuppositions and motivations of both liberation theology and liberating pedagogy are still valid today, they may provide clues in this respect. Consequently, this paper not only makes a detailed reading of this reality in some official educational institutions in Colombia, but also sheds light for the school religious education (ERE to be liberating.

  8. Auction House Boosts Mainland Arts Market

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1994-01-01

    IN the spring of 1994, the China Guardian Auction Company Ltd., held a successful painting and calligraphy auction, which not only set records for unit price and total sales volume, but also successfully restructured its business according to international standards of the arts market. Guardian’s success has given new inspiration to the mainland arts market, which is still in the early stages. it also has renewed the enthusiasm of collectors and businessmen who are also interested in art as an investment.

  9. Employing Liberative Pedagogies in Engineering Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Riley, Donna

    Many educators in the humanities and social sciences employ pedagogies of liberation, including feminist and/or critical or radical pedagogies based on the works of bell hooks, Paulo Freire, and others, to engage students in collectively creating democratic classrooms that encourage all voices. This article motivates the use of these pedagogies in engineering education and presents their application in an engineering thermodynamics course. Implementation areas include relating course material to students' experiences, facilitating students' responsibility for learning and authority in the classroom, incorporating ethics and policy issues, and decentering Western civilization. Assessment approaches are discussed, as well as limitations of liberative pedagogies in an engineering context.

  10. Science and the Ideals of Liberal Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carson, Robert N.

    This article examines the influence of mathematics and science on the formation of culture. It then examines several definitions of liberal education, including the notion that languages and fields of study constitute the substrate of articulate intelligence. Finally, it examines the linkages between science, scientific culture, liberal education, and democracy, and proposes that science cannot be taught merely as a body of facts and theories, but must be presented to students as integral with cultural studies. The use of a contextualist approach to science education is recommended.

  11. Liberal CSR and New Marxist Criticism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Toft, Kristian Høyer

    2014-01-01

    , this chapter introduces the Hegelian inspired critique of a New Spirit of Capitalism (Chiapello 2013) as well as the critique of ideology targeted at the neo-liberal project of corporate responsibility (Žižek 2008; Fleming and Jones 2013). Subsequently, two possible liberal ‘revisions’ to the Marxist inspired...... scepticism of CSR are presented and discussed: first, the theory of a social connection model (Young 2006), and then the theory of deliberative democracy and political CSR (Scherer and Palazzo 2011). Finally, the chapter concludes with a plea to reconsider the classical Marxist concept of exploitation....

  12. Renewable Substitutability Index: Maximizing Renewable Resource Use in Buildings

    Science.gov (United States)

    In order to achieve a material and energy balance in buildings that is sustainable in the long run, there is an urgent need to assess the renewable and non-renewable resources used in the manufacturing process and to progressively replace non-renewable resources with renewables. ...

  13. Renewable Substitutability Index: Maximizing Renewable Resource Use in Buildings

    Science.gov (United States)

    In order to achieve a material and energy balance in buildings that is sustainable in the long run, there is an urgent need to assess the renewable and non-renewable resources used in the manufacturing process and to progressively replace non-renewable resources with renewables. ...

  14. Region 9 Renewable Energy

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — Renewable energy production is expected to increase significantly in the next 25 years. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Office of Solid Waste and...

  15. INTEGRATED RENEWAL PROCESS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suyono .

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available The marginal distribution of integrated renewal process is derived in this paper. Our approach is based on the theory of point processes, especially Poisson point processes. The results are presented in the form of Laplace transforms.

  16. Renewable Energy Tracking Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Renewable energy generation ownership can be accounted through tracking systems. Tracking systems are highly automated, contain specific information about each MWh, and are accessible over the internet to market participants.

  17. Sexism in English Language and Women' s Liberation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张明

    2010-01-01

    This paper reviews the origin and history of sexism in English language and the cause of it,and analysizes the history and development of Women' s Liberation and the effects of Women's Liberation movement in English language.

  18. Promoting Renewable Energy Technologies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olsen, Ole Jess; Skytte, Klaus

    % of its annual electricity production. In this paper, we present and discuss the Danish experience as a case of promoting renewable energy technologies. The development path of the two technologies has been very different. Wind power is considered an outright success with fast deployment to decreasing...... technology and its particular context, it is possible to formulate some general principles that can help to create an effective and efficient policy for promoting new renewable energy technologies....

  19. Promoting Renewable Energy Technologies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olsen, Ole Jess; Skytte, Klaus

    % of its annual electricity production. In this paper, we present and discuss the Danish experience as a case of promoting renewable energy technologies. The development path of the two technologies has been very different. Wind power is considered an outright success with fast deployment to decreasing...... technology and its particular context, it is possible to formulate some general principles that can help to create an effective and efficient policy for promoting new renewable energy technologies....

  20. Transboundary Pollution, Trade Liberalization, and Environmental Taxes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Baksi, S.; Ray Chaudhuri, A.

    2008-01-01

    In a bilateral trade framework, we examine the impact of tari¤ reduction on the op- timal pollution tax and social welfare when pollution is transboundary. Strategic considerations lead countries to distort their pollution tax in the non-cooperative equilibrium. Trade liberalization changes the dist

  1. Transboundary Pollution, Trade Liberalization and Environmental Taxes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Baksi, S.; Ray Chaudhuri, A.

    2008-01-01

    In a bilateral trade framework, we examine the impact of tariff reduction on the optimal pollution tax and social welfare when pollution is transboundary. Strategic considerations lead countries to distort their pollution tax in the non-cooperative equilibrium. Trade liberalization changes the disto

  2. Evaluating Liberal Learning: Doubts and Explorations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Green, Thomas F.

    1982-01-01

    In current evaluation practice, the implicit philosophy of value, appraisal, and action is seen as a form of Benthamite utilitarianism. A domain of value called "educational worth" is described. Ways of detecting the presence of educational worth in liberal learning programs are identified. (MLW)

  3. Preference Erosion and Multilateral Trade Liberalization

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    J.F. François (Joseph); B. Hoekman; M. Manchin

    2005-01-01

    textabstractBecause of concern that OECD tariff reductions will translate into worsening export performance for the least developed countries, trade preferences have proven a stumbling block to developing country support for multilateral liberalization. We examine the actual scope for preference ero

  4. The Liberal Peace And Developing Countries

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    S.M. Murshed (Syed)

    2009-01-01

    textabstractThe term liberal peace is employed to explain the absence of fatal conflict between democratic nations that are also economically interdependent. The expression, therefore, has an economic dimension, as well as an element based on a common polity and sets of values. I sketch the ideal an

  5. The Nature of Liberal Education Today.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hill, Barbara A.

    1994-01-01

    The president of Sweet Briar College (Virginia) reflects on the tensions that exist between the need for short-term skill development and the more long-term values associated with a liberal education and espoused by John Milton. Central to the educational endeavor is the human relationship between faculty and student and the development of such…

  6. PEACEFUL LIBERATION USHERS IN A NEW ERA

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    On the eve of the 60th anniversary of the peaceful liberation of Tibet, Zhu Weiqun, Executive Vice Minister of the United Front Work Department of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, elaborated on the historic importance of the event in an exclusive interview with China Tibet magazine. Excerpts follow:

  7. Evaluating Liberal Learning: Doubts and Explorations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Green, Thomas F.

    1982-01-01

    In current evaluation practice, the implicit philosophy of value, appraisal, and action is seen as a form of Benthamite utilitarianism. A domain of value called "educational worth" is described. Ways of detecting the presence of educational worth in liberal learning programs are identified. (MLW)

  8. Child Labor and Trade Liberalization in Indonesia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    K. Kis-Katos; R.A. Sparrow (Robert)

    2009-01-01

    textabstractWe examine the effects of trade liberalization on child work in Indonesia. Our estimation strategy identifies geographical differences in the effects of trade policy through district level exposure to reduction in import tariff barriers. We use a balanced panel of 261 districts, based o

  9. Africa's wars of liberation : some historiographical reflections

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ellis, S.D.K.; Konings, de P.; Binsbergen, van W.; Hesseling, G.

    2000-01-01

    This chapter examines the ways in which scholars have considered African wars of liberation. Firstly, the author considers some of the general assumptions which have been commonly applied to African history since the middle of the twentieth century when academic historical writing on Africa began, a

  10. Liberalism, Radicalism, and Self-Governing Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swartz, Ronald

    1978-01-01

    Contrasts Karl Popper's theory of social reform with a Marxist theory of reform. Concludes that a liberal approach to educational reform, as exemplified by A.S. Neill's self-governing school at Summerhill, is generally more satisfactory. (Author/DB)

  11. Liberalism and democracy Liberalismo e democracia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    (Autor Claude Lefort

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available In this essay, the historical connections between liberalism and democracy are analyzed, based mostly on three important authors of the French liberal thought of the first half of the 19th century: Benjamin Constant (1767-1830, François Guizot (1787-1874 e Alexis de Tocqueville (1805-1859. Although, the Author doesn’t forget to highlight the contemporary issues which demand confronting and elucidating the chances of democracy. Keywords: French Liberalism. Democracy. Political Philosophy. Tolerance. São aqui examinadas as relações históricas entre liberalismo e democracia, com base principalmente em três importantes autores do pensamento liberal francês da primeira metade do século XIX: Benjamin Constant (1767-1830, François Guizot (1787-1874 e Alexis de Tocqueville (1805-1859. Contudo, o Autor não deixa de lançar luz sobre as questões contemporâneas que exigem enfrentar e elucidar as chances da democracia. Palavras-chave: Liberalismo francês. Democracia. Filosofia política. Tolerância.

  12. Alexis de Tocqueville and the liberal tradition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Constanza Mazzina

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available The article tries to find inside Tocqueville´s thought his contributions to the liberal tradition, understanding that this tradition has been growing from time to time, thanks to the contribution of different persons, each one has contributed to give shape and to consolidate what now we call and know as “liberalism”.

  13. In Defense of Japanese Liberal Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mori, Rie

    2016-01-01

    Liberal education has been a target of political discourse in many countries, and Japan is no exception. In Japanese higher education, there are three types of institutions: national public, local public, and private. In June 2015, Japan's minister of education, Hakubun Shimomura, called upon the country's national universities to take…

  14. Capital account liberalization and income inequality

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bumann, Silke; Lensink, Robert

    2016-01-01

    This article makes both a theoretical and an empirical contribution to the literature on financial liberalization and income inequality. In the first part, we develop a tractable model that features agents with varying investment abilities and a banking sector. There are two possible interventions t

  15. The Liberal Peace And Developing Countries

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    S.M. Murshed (Syed)

    2009-01-01

    textabstractThe term liberal peace is employed to explain the absence of fatal conflict between democratic nations that are also economically interdependent. The expression, therefore, has an economic dimension, as well as an element based on a common polity and sets of values. I sketch the ideal

  16. The Learning Sciences and Liberal Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Budwig, Nancy

    2013-01-01

    This article makes the case for a new framing of liberal education based on several decades of research emerging from the learning and developmental sciences. This work suggests that general knowledge stems from acquiring both the habits of mind and repertoires of practice that develop from participation in knowledge-building communities. Such…

  17. A Politically Liberal Conception of Civic Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bull, Barry L.

    2008-01-01

    Liberal political theory is widely believed to be an inadequate source of civic commitment and thus of civic education primarily because of its commitment to what is perceived as a pervasive individualism. In this paper, I explore the possibility that John Rawls's later political philosophy may provide a response to this belief. I first articulate…

  18. Capital account liberalization and income inequality

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bumann, Silke; Lensink, Bernardus

    2016-01-01

    This article makes both a theoretical and an empirical contribution to the literature on financial liberalization and income inequality. In the first part, we develop a tractable model that features agents with varying investment abilities and a banking sector. There are two possible interventions t

  19. Liberalism, Speech Codes, and Related Problems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sunstein, Cass R.

    1993-01-01

    It is argued that universities are pervasively and necessarily engaged in regulation of speech, which complicates many existing claims about hate speech codes on campus. The ultimate test is whether the restriction on speech is a legitimate part of the institution's mission, commitment to liberal education. (MSE)

  20. Transboundary Pollution, Trade Liberalization and Environmental Taxes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Baksi, S.; Ray Chaudhuri, A.

    2008-01-01

    In a bilateral trade framework, we examine the impact of tariff reduction on the optimal pollution tax and social welfare when pollution is transboundary. Strategic considerations lead countries to distort their pollution tax in the non-cooperative equilibrium. Trade liberalization changes the

  1. Transboundary Pollution, Trade Liberalization, and Environmental Taxes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Baksi, S.; Ray Chaudhuri, A.

    2008-01-01

    In a bilateral trade framework, we examine the impact of tari¤ reduction on the op- timal pollution tax and social welfare when pollution is transboundary. Strategic considerations lead countries to distort their pollution tax in the non-cooperative equilibrium. Trade liberalization changes the

  2. Decolonizing Liberation: Toward a Transnational Feminist Psychology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tuğçe Kurtiş

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available This paper engages the theme of “decolonizing psychological science” in the context of a perspective on psychological theory and research—namely, feminist psychology—that shares an emphasis on broad liberation. Although conceived as a universal theory and practice of liberation, scholars across diverse sites have suggested that feminism—perhaps especially as it manifests in psychological science—is not always compatible with and at times is even contradictory to global struggles for decolonization. The liberatory impulse of feminist psychology falls short of its potential not only because of its grounding in neocolonial legacies of hegemonic feminisms, but also because of its complicity with neocolonial tendencies of hegemonic psychological science. In response to these concerns, we draw upon on perspectives of transnational feminisms and cultural psychology as tools to decolonize (feminist psychology. We then propose the possibility of a (transnational feminist psychology that takes the epistemological position of people in various marginalized majority-world settings as a resource to rethink conventional scientific wisdom and liberate “liberation”. Rather than freeing some women to better participate in global domination, a transnational feminist psychology illuminates sustainable ways of being that are consistent with broader liberation of humanity in general.

  3. Transboundary Pollution, Trade Liberalization and Environmental Taxes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Baksi, S.; Ray Chaudhuri, A.

    2008-01-01

    In a bilateral trade framework, we examine the impact of tariff reduction on the optimal pollution tax and social welfare when pollution is transboundary. Strategic considerations lead countries to distort their pollution tax in the non-cooperative equilibrium. Trade liberalization changes the disto

  4. Transboundary Pollution, Trade Liberalization, and Environmental Taxes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Baksi, S.; Ray Chaudhuri, A.

    2008-01-01

    In a bilateral trade framework, we examine the impact of tari¤ reduction on the op- timal pollution tax and social welfare when pollution is transboundary. Strategic considerations lead countries to distort their pollution tax in the non-cooperative equilibrium. Trade liberalization changes the dist

  5. Welfare Effect of Mergers and Trade Liberalization

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ray Chaudhuri, A.; Benchekroun, H.

    2008-01-01

    In a two-country model where firms behave à la Cournot, we show that marginal and non-marginal trade liberalization have different effects on the social desirability of horizontal mergers. Marginal tariff reductions increase (decrease) the desirability of merger at sufficiently low (high) tariff lev

  6. The Double Dividend Hypothesis and Trade Liberalization

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sen, P.; Smulders, J.A.

    2000-01-01

    This paper studies how simultaneously liberalizing trade and tightening environmental policy affect welfare in a second-best world. We consider a three-good two-factor small open economy. We allow for non-tradables and for market power in the export market. The government is constrained to balance i

  7. Liberal luxury: Decentering Snowden, surveillance and privilege

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Piro Rexhepi

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper reflects on the continued potency of veillance theories to traverse beyond the taxonomies of surveillance inside liberal democracies. It provides a commentary on the ability of sousveillance to destabilise and disrupt suer/violence by shifting its focus from the centre to the periphery, where Big Data surveillance is tantamount to sur/violence. In these peripheral political spaces, surveillance is not framed by concerns over privacy, democracy and civil society; rather, it is a matter of life and death, a technique of both biopolitical and thanatopolitical power. I argue that the universalist, and universalizing, debates over surveillance cannot be mapped through the anxieties of privileged middle classes as they would neither transcend nor make possible alternative ways of tackling the intersection of surveillance and violence so long as they are couched in the liberal concerns for democracy. I call this phenomenon “liberal luxury,” whereby debates over surveillance have over-emphasised liberal proclivities at the expense of disengaging those peripheral populations most severely affected by sur/violence.

  8. From Liberal Democracy to the Cosmopolitan Canopy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jon Van Til

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Liberalism is that ideology, that worldview, which values, in an ever-evolving set of intelligently intermingled thoughts:  democracy, freedom (liberty, equality (justice, fraternity (solidarity, the pursuit of happiness, pluralism (diversity, and human rights--and explores the ever-open ever-possible futures of their rediscovery and advance. The study of ways in which social movements relate to Third sector/nonprofit or voluntary organizations can be structured, if we choose, as a liberal endeavor.  That is the message I receive from Antonin Wagner’s (2012 telling of the emergence of a field that focuses its study and developmental energies on place of intermediate associational life in modern society, from Adalbert Evers’ efforts to sustain the welfare state in an era of untrammeled capitalism (2013, and from Roger Lohmann’s (1992 comprehensive vision of a social commons capable of assuring the values of liberal society. This paper sets the theory of liberal democracy in a contemporary cosmopolitan context, drawing on case material from Hungary, Northern Ireland,  and the United States.

  9. Capital account liberalization and income inequality

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bumann, Silke; Lensink, Bernardus

    This article makes both a theoretical and an empirical contribution to the literature on financial liberalization and income inequality. In the first part, we develop a tractable model that features agents with varying investment abilities and a banking sector. There are two possible interventions

  10. Liberal Grading Improves Evaluations But Not Performance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vasta, Ross; Sarmiento, Robert F.

    Two grading distributions--a liberal and a more stringent curve--were compared between two sections of an undergraduate psychology course. The two classes were team taught and treated as similarly as possible. Four unit exams and an optional final were administered, with one section consistently receiving a more lenient grade distribution. No…

  11. Liberal and Conservative Multiculturalism after September 11.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Antonette, Lesliee

    2003-01-01

    Asserts that learning to navigate tensions within the discourse on multiculturalism requires understanding of the concept itself. Describes the history of multiculturalism; conservative and liberal multiculturalism; globalism and the formation of American identity; and how educators can restore balance. Concludes that using a multicultural…

  12. Africa's wars of liberation : some historiographical reflections

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ellis, S.D.K.; Konings, de P.; Binsbergen, van W.; Hesseling, G.

    2000-01-01

    This chapter examines the ways in which scholars have considered African wars of liberation. Firstly, the author considers some of the general assumptions which have been commonly applied to African history since the middle of the twentieth century when academic historical writing on Africa began, a

  13. Liberalism, Speech Codes, and Related Problems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sunstein, Cass R.

    1993-01-01

    It is argued that universities are pervasively and necessarily engaged in regulation of speech, which complicates many existing claims about hate speech codes on campus. The ultimate test is whether the restriction on speech is a legitimate part of the institution's mission, commitment to liberal education. (MSE)

  14. LIBER/OCLC Fund for Central and East European Libraries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2000-05-01

    Full Text Available The Ligue des Bibliotheques Europeennes de Recherche (LIBER is delighted to announce the LIBER/OCLC Fund for Central and East European Libraries, which is generously supported by OCLC. The Fund will offer membership of LIBER to individual libraries in Central and Eastern Europe for a period of years in order to assist them to support their membership of LIBER from their own resources at the end of the period of support from the Fund.

  15. Impact of Financial Liberalization on Financial Depth in Iraq

    OpenAIRE

    Ammar Hamad Khalaf

    2011-01-01

    This paper examines the Mackinnon-Show hypothesis i.e. financial liberalization promotes financial depth in case of Iraq. Iraq launched a comprehensive program of economic and financial liberalization since 2003. Thus, this paper aims to answer the key question that “is financial liberalization stimulated the financial depth in Iraq?”. By applying the ARDL Autoregressive Distributed Lag model on quarterly data during the period 2005- 2010, the paper finds that the liberalization of interest r...

  16. Financial liberalization, bank crises and growth: Assessing the links

    OpenAIRE

    Bonfiglioli, Alessandra; Mendicino, Caterina

    2004-01-01

    This paper studies the effects of financial liberalization and banking crises on growth. It shows that financial liberalization spurs on average economic growth. Banking crises are harmful for growth, but to a lesser extent in countries with open financial systems and good institutions. The positive effect of financial liberalization is robust to different definitions. While the removal of capital account restrictions is effective by increasing financial depth, equity market liberalization af...

  17. 2014 Renewable Energy Data Book

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Beiter, Philipp

    2015-11-01

    The Renewable Energy Data Book for 2014 provides facts and figures on energy and electricity use, renewable electricity in the United States, global renewable energy development, wind power, solar power, geothermal power, biopower, hydropower, marine and hydrokinetic power, hydrogen, renewable fuels, and clean energy investment.

  18. 2015 Renewable Energy Data Book

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Beiter, Philipp; Tian, Tian

    2016-11-01

    The 2015 Renewable Energy Data Book provides facts and figures on energy and electricity use, renewable electricity in the United States, global renewable energy development, wind power, solar power, geothermal power, biopower, hydropower, marine and hydrokinetic power, hydrogen, renewable fuels, and clean energy investment.

  19. 2015 Renewable Energy Data Book

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Beiter, Philipp [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Tian, Tian [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)

    2016-11-01

    The Renewable Energy Data Book for 2015 provides facts and figures on energy and electricity use, renewable electricity in the United States, global renewable energy development, wind power, solar power, geothermal power, biopower, hydropower, marine and hydrokinetic power, hydrogen, renewable fuels, and clean energy investment.

  20. 2008 Renewable Energy Data Book

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2009-07-01

    This Renewable Energy Data Book for 2008 provides facts and figures on energy in general, renewable electricity in the United States, global renewable energy development, wind power, solar energy, geothermal power, biopower, hydropower, advanced water power, hydrogen, renewable fuels, and clean energy investments.

  1. 2010 Renewable Energy Data Book

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gelman, Rachel [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)

    2011-10-01

    This Renewable Energy Data Book for 2010 provides facts and figures on energy in general, renewable electricity in the United States, global renewable energy development, wind power, solar energy, geothermal power, biopower, hydropower, advanced waterpower, hydrogen, renewable fuels, and clean energy investments.

  2. 2009 Renewable Energy Data Book

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gelman, R.

    2010-08-01

    This Renewable Energy Data Book for 2009 provides facts and figures on energy in general, renewable electricity in the United States, global renewable energy development, wind power, solar energy, geothermal power, biopower, hydropower, advanced waterpower, hydrogen, renewable fuels, and clean energy investments.

  3. 2011 Renewable Energy Data Book

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    R. Gelman

    2013-02-01

    This Renewable Energy Data Book for 2011 provides facts and figures on energy in general, renewable electricity in the United States, global renewable energy development, wind power, solar energy, geothermal power, biopower, hydropower, advanced water power, hydrogen, renewable fuels, and clean energy investments.

  4. 2014 Renewable Energy Data Book

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Beiter, Philipp [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)

    2015-11-15

    The Renewable Energy Data Book for 2014 provides facts and figures on energy and electricity use, renewable electricity in the United States, global renewable energy development, wind power, solar power, geothermal power, biopower, hydropower, marine and hydrokinetic power, hydrogen, renewable fuels, and clean energy investment.

  5. Liberation Theology: An Introduction to Its History and Themes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gowler, Steve

    1986-01-01

    Traces the development of and opposition to Latin American liberation theology between 1968 and 1984. Examines six of liberation theology's leading characteristics: solidarity with the poor, conscientization (consciousness raising), the emphasis on orthoproxy, the recognition of structural violence, liberation and the Bible, and base communities.…

  6. Well-Meaning Liberal Male: Typical Hypocrite or Uncomfortable Alien.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gackenbach, Jayne; And Others

    The well-meaning liberal male (WMLM) is a man who talks a liberal stereotype but behaves inconsistently with his professed beliefs. Using Ajzen and Fishbein's model of behavioral prediction based on attitudinal assessment, males identified as WMLM's, sincere liberals, and traditionalists from the Bem Sex Role Inventory (BSRI) were compared.…

  7. Creating Green Citizens? Political Liberalism and Environmental Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bell, Derek R.

    2004-01-01

    This paper considers whether the promotion of an environmental ethic in schools is compatible with the political liberal's commitment to neutrality. A new account of the implications of John Rawls's political liberalism for the basic structure of education is developed. The prima facie incompatibility of political liberalism and the promotion of…

  8. Organisational Art

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ferro-Thomsen, Martin

    creation of a practical utopia (?heterotopia?) in the organisational context. The case study makes use of both art- and organisational theory. The thesis concludes with an outline of a framework for OA that is derived from contemporary theory of mainly Relational Aesthetics (Bourriaud), Conceptual Art......University of Copenhagen / Learning Lab Denmark. 2005 Kort beskrivelse: Organisational Art is a tentative title for an art form that works together with organisations to produce art. This is most often done together with non-artist members of the organisation and on-site in their social context. OA...... is characterised as socially engaged, conceptual, discursive, site-specific and contextual. Abstract: This investigation is about Organisational Art (OA), which is a tentative title for an art form that works together with organisations (companies, institutions, communities, governments and NGOs) to produce art...

  9. El periódico Vanguardia Liberal y su actividad política en el tránsito a la República Liberal en Santander, 1929-1933

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Álvaro Acevedo Tarazona

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo estudia las relaciones entre prensa y política durante el periodo de 1929-1931, correspondiente a la transición de la Hegemonía Conservadora a la presidencia liberal de Enrique Olaya (1930-1934. Un periodo durante el cual tanto Vanguardia Liberal como su propietario-director Alejandro Galvis Galvis tuvieron protagonismo en la dinámica política santandereana. A partir de esta referencia, y apoyándose en la contextualización, se busca identificar las características particulares del caso de Santander en el marco general del tránsito hacia la República Liberal en Colombia.

  10. Empresa, civilización y política: representaciones sobre el oficio periodístico en El Diario de Pereira y Vanguardia Liberal de Bucaramanga durante la República Liberal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Álvaro Acevedo Tarazona

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available En el contexto de la República Liberal (1930-1946, El Diario de Pereira y Vanguar - dia Liberal de Bucaramanga fueron los referentes de la prensa liberal en sus respectivas regiones. En medio del protagonismo adquirido con la consolidación del liberalismo en las instancias locales, regionales y nacionales del poder a partir de 1930, sus contenidos abundaron en argumentaciones sobre el sentido de su labor periodística respecto a tres perspectivas específicas: como empresa, como vocero civilizador, y como tribuna política. En su conjunto estas perspectivas son las que marcan la pauta del papel orientador desarrollado por ambos periódicos durante estos años y representan el fundamento del análisis presentado en este artículo.

  11. Wall Art

    Science.gov (United States)

    McGinley, Connie Q.

    2004-01-01

    The author of this article, an art teacher at Monarch High School in Louisville, Colorado, describes how her experience teaching in a new school presented an exciting visual challenge for an art teacher--monotonous brick walls just waiting for decoration. This school experienced only minimal instances of graffiti, but as an art teacher, she did…

  12. Rock Art

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henn, Cynthia A.

    2004-01-01

    There are many interpretations for the symbols that are seen in rock art, but no decoding key has ever been discovered. This article describes one classroom's experiences with a lesson on rock art--making their rock art and developing their own personal symbols. This lesson allowed for creativity, while giving an opportunity for integration…

  13. Rock Art

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henn, Cynthia A.

    2004-01-01

    There are many interpretations for the symbols that are seen in rock art, but no decoding key has ever been discovered. This article describes one classroom's experiences with a lesson on rock art--making their rock art and developing their own personal symbols. This lesson allowed for creativity, while giving an opportunity for integration…

  14. Integrated renewable energy networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mansouri Kouhestani, F.; Byrne, J. M.; Hazendonk, P.; Brown, M. B.; Spencer, L.

    2015-12-01

    This multidisciplinary research is focused on studying implementation of diverse renewable energy networks. Our modern economy now depends heavily on large-scale, energy-intensive technologies. A transition to low carbon, renewable sources of energy is needed. We will develop a procedure for designing and analyzing renewable energy systems based on the magnitude, distribution, temporal characteristics, reliability and costs of the various renewable resources (including biomass waste streams) in combination with various measures to control the magnitude and timing of energy demand. The southern Canadian prairies are an ideal location for developing renewable energy networks. The region is blessed with steady, westerly winds and bright sunshine for more hours annually than Houston Texas. Extensive irrigation agriculture provides huge waste streams that can be processed biologically and chemically to create a range of biofuels. The first stage involves mapping existing energy and waste flows on a neighbourhood, municipal, and regional level. Optimal sites and combinations of sites for solar and wind electrical generation, such as ridges, rooftops and valley walls, will be identified. Geomatics based site and grid analyses will identify best locations for energy production based on efficient production and connectivity to regional grids.

  15. Organometallics and renewables

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Meier, Michael A.R. [Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Karlsruhe (Germany). Inst. of Organic Chemistry; Weckhuysen, Bert M.; Bruijnincx, Pieter C.A. (eds.) [Utrecht Univ. (Netherlands). Debye Inst. of Nanomaterials Science

    2012-11-01

    USPs - BPF Each volume of Topics in Organometallic Chemistry provides the broad scientific readership with a comprehensive summary and critical overview of a specific topic in organometallic chemistry. Research in this rapidly developing transdisciplinary field is having profound influence on other areas of scientific investigation, ranging from catalytic organic synthesis to biology, medicine and material science. With contributions by international experts. Lucas Montero de Espinosa and Michael A. R. Meier: Olefin Metathesis of Renewable Platform Chemicals.- Pieter C. A. Bruijnincx, Robin Jastrzebski, Peter J. C. Hausoul, Robertus J. M. Klein Gebbink, and Bert M. Weckhuysen: Pd-Catalysed Telomerisation of 1,3-Dienes with Multifunctional Renewable Substrates - Versatile Routes for the Valorisation of Biomass-Derived Platform Molecules.- A Behr, A. J. Vorholt: Hydroformylation and related reactions of renewable resources.- Ties J. Korstanje, Robertus J.M. Klein Gebbink: Catalytic oxidation and deoxygenation of renewables with rhenium complexes.- Antoine Buchard, Clare M. Bakewell, Jonathan Weiner and Charlotte K. Williams: Recent Developments In Catalytic Activation Of Renewable Resources For Polymer Synthesis.

  16. Art Appreciation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1996-01-01

    During his teens, Li Shaozhou painted what he saw simply because he took pleasure in it Afler gradualing from high school, Li went to work in a rural area. After staying there for two years, he joined the army, where he decided to learn painting in order to depict his experiences Ho gat the chance to study at the Aris Academy of the Chinese People’s Liberation Army majoring in Chinese

  17. Organisational Art

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ferro-Thomsen, Martin

    University of Copenhagen / Learning Lab Denmark. 2005 Kort beskrivelse: Organisational Art is a tentative title for an art form that works together with organisations to produce art. This is most often done together with non-artist members of the organisation and on-site in their social context. OA...... is characterised as socially engaged, conceptual, discursive, site-specific and contextual. Abstract: This investigation is about Organisational Art (OA), which is a tentative title for an art form that works together with organisations (companies, institutions, communities, governments and NGOs) to produce art....... This is most often done together with non-artist members of the organisation and on-site in their social context. OA is characterised as socially engaged, conceptual, discursive, site-specific and contextual. It is argued that OA seeks to advance both art and the organisation of human work/life by crossing...

  18. Art Rocks with Rock Art!

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bickett, Marianne

    2011-01-01

    This article discusses rock art which was the very first "art." Rock art, such as the images created on the stone surfaces of the caves of Lascaux and Altimira, is the true origin of the canvas, paintbrush, and painting media. For there, within caverns deep in the earth, the first artists mixed animal fat, urine, and saliva with powdered minerals…

  19. Art Rocks with Rock Art!

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bickett, Marianne

    2011-01-01

    This article discusses rock art which was the very first "art." Rock art, such as the images created on the stone surfaces of the caves of Lascaux and Altimira, is the true origin of the canvas, paintbrush, and painting media. For there, within caverns deep in the earth, the first artists mixed animal fat, urine, and saliva with powdered minerals…

  20. [Art therapy and "art brut"].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kovács, Emese; Simon, Lajos

    2010-01-01

    The authors in this article explor the most important steps of the development of the research on the psychopathology of expression. They introduce the development of Art Brut and it's place in art history. They deal with the characteristics of art therapy.