WorldWideScience

Sample records for renaming common folk

  1. Some Chinese folk prescriptions for wind-cold type common cold.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hai-Long, Zhai; Shimin, Chen; Yalan, Lu

    2015-07-01

    Although self-limiting, the common cold (gǎn mào) is highly prevalent. There are no effective antivirals to cure the common cold and few effective measures to prevent it, However, for thousands years, Chinese people have treated the common cold with natural herbs, According to the traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) theory ( zhōng yī lǐ lùn), the common cold is considered as an exterior syndrome, which can be further divided into the wind-cold type ( fēng hán xíng), the wind-heat type ( fēng rè xíng), and the summer heat dampness type ( shǔ rè xíng). Since the most common type of common cold caught in winter and spring is the wind-cold type, the article introduced some Chinese folk prescriptions for the wind-cold type common cold with normal and weak physique, respectively. For thousands of years, Chinese folk prescriptions for the common cold, as complementary and alternative medicine (CAM; bǔ chōng yǔ tì dài yī xué), have been proven to be effective, convenient, cheap, and most importantly, safe. The Chinese folk prescriptions ( zhōng guó mín jiān chǔ fāng) for the wind-cold type common cold are quite suitable for general practitioners or patients with the wind-cold type common cold, to treat the disease. Of course, their pharmacological features and mechanisms of action need to be further studied.

  2. A Practical View on Renaming

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marija Kulaš

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available We revisit variable renaming from a practitioner's point of view, presenting concepts we found useful in dealing with operational semantics of pure Prolog. A concept of relaxed core representation is introduced, upon which a concept of prenaming is built. Prenaming formalizes the intuitive practice of renaming terms by just considering the necessary bindings, where now some passive "bindings" x/x may be necessary as well. As an application, a constructive version of variant lemma for implemented Horn clause logic has been obtained. There, prenamings made it possible to incrementally handle new (local variables.

  3. Folk Medicine, Folk Healing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mustafa SEVER

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Folk medicine and folk healing may be defined codified, regulated, taught openly and practised widely, and benefit from thousands of years of experience. On the other hand, it may be highly secretive, mystical and extremely localized, with knowledge of its practices passed on orally. Folk medicine and traditional medical practices emerged as a result of the reactions of primitive men against natural events and their ways of comparing and exchanging the medical practices of relevant communities with their own practices. Magic played an important role in shaping the practices. Folk medicine is the solutions developed by societies against material and moral disorders starting from the mythic period until today. Folk healer, on the other hand, is the wisest and the most respectable person in the society, in terms of materiality and morale. This person has the power of identifying and curing the diseases, disorders, consequently the origin of these diseases and disorders, and the skill of using various drugs for the treatment of the diseases and disorders or applying the practices with the help of information and practices acquired from the tradition. The Turks having rich and deep rooted culture. The Turkısh folk medicine and folk healing that contain rich cultural structure in themselves survive until today by being fed by different sources. Before Islam, the Turks used to believe that there were white and black possessors, ancestors’ spirits (arvaks and their healthy and peaceful life depended on getting on with these spirits. They also believed that diseases were caused when they could no more keep in with possessors and spirits, or when they offended and annoyed them. In such an environment of belief, the visible diseases caused by material reasons were generally cured with products obtained from plants, mines and animals in the region or drugs that were made out of their combinations. On the other hand, in invisible diseases associated with

  4. Critter Folk

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hubbard, Kathy

    2009-01-01

    This article describes an exhibit entitled "Critter Folk" for the Betty Foy Sanders department of art at Georgia Southern University. The theme of the exhibit is folk art "critters"--crocodiles, chickens, cows, snakes, elephants, cats--from the Smith Callaway Banks Southern Folk Art Collection. The organizers invited two…

  5. ATLAS DQ2 to Rucio renaming infrastructure

    CERN Document Server

    Serfon, C; The ATLAS collaboration; Beermann, T; Garonne, V; Goossens, L; Lassnig, M; Nairz, A; Stewart, G; Vigne, V

    2013-01-01

    To prepare the migration to the new ATLAS Data Management system called Rucio, a renaming campaign of all the physical files produced by ATLAS is needed. It represents around 300M files split between $\\sim$120 sites with 6 different storage technologies. It must be done in a transparent way in order not to disrupt the ongoing computing activities. An infrastructure to perform this renaming has been developed and is presented in this paper as well as its performances.

  6. ATLAS DQ2 to Rucio renaming infrastructure

    CERN Document Server

    Serfon, C; The ATLAS collaboration; Beermann, T; Garonne, V; Goossens, L; Lassnig, M; Nairz, A; Stewart, G; Vigne, V; Molfetas, A

    2014-01-01

    To prepare the migration to the new ATLAS Data Management system called Rucio, a renaming campaign of all the physical files produced by ATLAS is needed. It represents around 300M files split between $\\sim$120 sites with 6 different storage technologies. It must be done in a transparent way in order not to disrupt the ongoing computing activities. An infrastructure to perform this renaming has been developed and is presented in this paper as well as its performances.

  7. There's Danger in Folk Pedagogy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taber, Keith S.

    2008-01-01

    The idea that children develop their own alternative conceptions of mechanical principles that can interfere with their learning of school physics is well recognized, and not only within the physics education community. "Intuitive physics" is one of three domains of "folk" science commonly acknowledged--the others being folk biology and folk…

  8. Renaming Zagreb Streets and Squares

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jelena Stanić

    2009-06-01

    be “inadequate and undefined”, “an insufficiently dignified place”, “a common field”, and “an untended park”, while the left-wing political option presents the chosen site for the square as “the second heart of the city”, “the most beautiful”, and “the largest and most representative square”. The discussion about Franjo Tuđman Square is interpreted in the paper as a reflection of the symbolic force of space and location.

  9. Folk Songs in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1993-01-01

    THE folk song in China is an art form created by working people through the ages to express therr feeling and emotions. In China,as elsewhere,such songsare a repository of the folk wisdomof the nation.Origins of China’s FolkSongsIn primitive society our ances-tors created in their struggle againstnature.In the Xia Dynasty(21st-16th centuries B.C.),Slaves used

  10. RELIGION AND FOLK BELIEFS

    OpenAIRE

    Mustafa SEVER

    2011-01-01

    Folk beliefs, transmitted from generation to generation since the transfer from pre-writing and not included in any divine religion, but his side continued vitality of beliefs. Folk beliefs that have traditional as well as the local folk beliefs, include beliefs and practices, and personal features, divide two main types as a magic and experiential people’s beliefs. In this study we’ll focus on the qualities, differences and functions in everyday life of divine religion and folk beliefs and f...

  11. Semi-Automatic Rename Refactoring for JavaScript

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Feldthaus, Asger; Møller, Anders

    2013-01-01

    Modern IDEs support automated refactoring for many programming languages, but support for JavaScript is still primitive. To perform renaming, which is one of the fundamental refactorings, there is often no practical alternative to simple syntactic search-and-replace. Although more sophisticated...... alternatives have been developed, they are limited by whole-program assumptions and poor scalability. We propose a technique for semi-automatic refactoring for JavaScript, with a focus on renaming. Unlike traditional refactoring algorithms, semi-automatic refactoring works by a combination of static analysis...

  12. Semi-Automatic Rename Refactoring for JavaScript

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Feldthaus, Asger; Møller, Anders

    2013-01-01

    Modern IDEs support automated refactoring for many programming languages, but support for JavaScript is still primitive. To perform renaming, which is one of the fundamental refactorings, there is often no practical alternative to simple syntactic search-and-replace. Although more sophisticated...... alternatives have been developed, they are limited by whole-program assumptions and poor scalability. We propose a technique for semi-automatic refactoring for JavaScript, with a focus on renaming. Unlike traditional refactoring algorithms, semi-automatic refactoring works by a combination of static analysis...

  13. 'Folk theories' about the causes of insomnia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harvey, Allison G; Soehner, Adriane; Lombrozo, Tania; Bélanger, Lynda; Rifkin, Jamie; Morin, Charles M

    2013-10-01

    The present study investigates 'folk theories' about the causes of insomnia. Participants with insomnia (n = 69) completed a qualitative and quantitative assessment of their folk theories. The qualitative assessment was to speak aloud for 1 minute in response to: 'What do you think causes your insomnia?'. The quantitative assessment involved completing the 'Causal Attributions of My Insomnia Questionnaire' (CAM-I), developed for this study. The three most common folk theories for both the causes of one's own insomnia as well as insomnia in others were 'emotions', 'thinking patterns' and 'sleep-related emotions'. Interventions targeting these factors were also perceived as most likely to be viable treatments. Seventy-five percent of the folk theories of insomnia investigated with the CAM-I were rated as more likely to be alleviated by a psychological versus a biological treatment. The results are consistent with research highlighting that folk theories are generally coherent and inform a range of judgments. Future research should focus on congruence of 'folk theories' between treatment providers and patients, as well as the role of folk theories in treatment choice, engagement, compliance and outcome.

  14. Individual Folk Anthology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Griffin, Jean L.

    An individual folk anthology unit covering eight topics is described in this paper. The eight topics include (1) I have an identity, (2) my interesting name, (3) mandalas and sentences, (4) rhythms and rhymes of old times, (5) myths of my childhood, (6) folk legends/old and new, (7) aspects of folklore, and (8) slang. The activities accompanying…

  15. Individual Folk Anthology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Griffin, Jean L.

    An individual folk anthology unit covering eight topics is described in this paper. The eight topics include (1) I have an identity, (2) my interesting name, (3) mandalas and sentences, (4) rhythms and rhymes of old times, (5) myths of my childhood, (6) folk legends/old and new, (7) aspects of folklore, and (8) slang. The activities accompanying…

  16. Peda Folk 35

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Tudengite muusikafestivalil "Peda Folk" 17. apr. Tallinnas Rock Cafés esinemas ansamblid: 400, Illustraator, Külalised, Neljapäev, Pimpfish ja Ska Faktor. Kontserdi peaesinejateks ansamblid Bedwetters ja Kruuv

  17. Peda Folk 35

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Tudengite muusikafestivalil "Peda Folk" 17. apr. Tallinnas Rock Cafés esinemas ansamblid: 400, Illustraator, Külalised, Neljapäev, Pimpfish ja Ska Faktor. Kontserdi peaesinejateks ansamblid Bedwetters ja Kruuv

  18. Zhangpu Folk Papercuts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1993-01-01

    THE papercut is among the wonderful arts oftraditional Chinese folk handicrafts,a form ofself-entertainment developed by simple work-ing People to satisfy in daily life their need to becreative.It is popular all over the country.This artcomes trom life,so its birth and development areclosely related to folk customs and lifestyles.Mostpapercut artists are women,and papercuts are pastedas decorations on such places as windows,walls,doorsand lanterns.They are also used as patterns on em-broideries.

  19. A Folk Art Like No Other

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1993-01-01

    A folk are unique to northeast China,errenzhuan.or song-and-dance duet,is popular not only in rural areas,but also in cities.In the early 1980s an errenzhuan troupe from China’s northeast-ern Jilin Province performed three times in Beijing to thunderous applause,creating quite a sensation in the capital city.The folk artists,performingWhat was commonly regarded as not appealing to refined tastes,could neverhave dreamed that one day they would perform in the Great Hall of thePeople and even in Zhongnanhai,headquarters of the Chinese CommunistParty

  20. A folk theory of meetings -- and beyond

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ravn, Ib

    2013-01-01

    with managers and employees we extracted six common assumptions about meetings, termed a folk theory of meetings, which most office workers seem to carry in the back of their minds. Findings This folk theory holds meetings to be places for excessive talk, whether by a domineering leader or highly vocal...... approach to social order in meetings. On this view, a facilitator can change meetings by controlling their form and process, providing direction, stimulating engagement and ensuring that the meeting creates value for its external stakeholders and meaning for its participants. If adopted in management...... training, this view of meetings—and the widely available facilitation tools that go with it—may render meetings at work the subject of conscious organizational development. Originality/value The proposed "folk theory of meetings" is novel, as is the contrast provided with the facilitation approach...

  1. Creativity and folk art

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Glaveanu, Vlad Petre

    2013-01-01

    of Ciocăneşti in northern Romania participated in 2 studies. Study 1 concerned the general stages of traditional egg decoration and their characteristics, and Study 2 took a closer look at variations associated with the activity path, the generalities and specificities of work, and how they could be accounted......This article explores creativity in craftwork using the case of Easter egg decoration, a folk art chosen for its traditional roots and diversity of artistic outcomes. This research contributes to the literature at (a) a theoretical level, by conceptualizing a pragmatist-inspired framework...... of creative activity; (b) a methodological level, by using, beside observation and interview, subjective cameras to record activity; and (c) an empirical level, considering the fact that creativity in folk art has often been a neglected topic. A total of 20 egg decorators of various ages from the village...

  2. A dangerous folk therapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poma, P A

    1984-04-01

    Folk therapy (often simply old wives' tales put into practice) is usually innocuous and may be effective for some patients because of either its content or its placebo effect. However, some household medications may be deadly. Reported is the use of Azarcon for "empacho" among Hispanic families. Azarcon has been linked to cases of severe lead poisoning. Screening among children for increased erythrocyte protoporphyrin and blood lead is recommended.

  3. Concepts of Chinese Folk Happiness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ip, Po Keung

    2011-01-01

    Discourses on Chinese folk happiness are often based on anecdotal narratives or qualitative analysis. Two traditional concepts of happiness popular in Chinese culture are introduced. The paper constructs a concept of Chinese folk happiness on basis of the findings of a scientific survey on the Taiwanese people regarding their concepts of…

  4. Concepts of Chinese Folk Happiness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ip, Po Keung

    2011-01-01

    Discourses on Chinese folk happiness are often based on anecdotal narratives or qualitative analysis. Two traditional concepts of happiness popular in Chinese culture are introduced. The paper constructs a concept of Chinese folk happiness on basis of the findings of a scientific survey on the Taiwanese people regarding their concepts of…

  5. FOLK BELIEF IN TALIS / TALISLERDE HALK INANÇLARI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yaşar KALAFAT

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Talıslar is a folk that some part living in Azerbaijan isShiite-Caferite and the other part living in Iran is Sunni-Hanefite. Their mother tongue is mostly Persian but their“common folklore language” is Turkish.In text, it is being told of folklore of Talıslar under thetitles of birth, marriage, death, their social structure andcomparisons with other Turkish cultured folklore. There isinformation about Giving names, offering, soothsaying, kismet,father, home, craving foods, asure, tooth, hair, nail, first step andmourning.Even though there is difference in language and religion,as a result of living together for centuries ; a common culturegeography is created and this common cultural language is mostnecessary for the existence of folks. Trying to divide this legacyamong the folks is only gives benefit to Imperialist powers.

  6. Folk Calendars in the Balkan Region

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kolev, Dimiter

    Folk calendars are a good source for studying the knowledge and rituals of peoples from distant epochs. The turbulent history of the cultures in the Balkan Peninsula leads to a mixture of calendar traditions - different calendar types and naming systems of the calendar units (months and weekdays). Despite the differences, they share a common astronomical basis and the seasonal structure is of fundamental importance (i.e., dividing the year into two economic seasons - warm and cold). The Old Bulgarian 12-year calendar is also mentioned briefly.

  7. A Village of Folk Tales

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1997-01-01

    WUJIAGOU, a small and remote village in Hubei Province, is gaining fame for its Chinese folk tales. With only 878 villagers in 216 households, experts call it "a living fossil of the culture of Hubei Province." Sitting deep in the majestic Wudangshan Mountain, the shrine of Taoism and surrounded by breathtaking scenery, Wujiagou Village has a long history. Closed-off geographically, its villagers live scattered among the valleys. The village oozes local flavors, rich with traditional customs. Villagers gather spontaneously to sing folk songs

  8. Use of folk remedies in a Hispanic population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Risser, A L; Mazur, L J

    1995-09-01

    To identify the types of home remedies used for common pediatric problems in a Hispanic population and to study traditional folk illnesses and their cures. Survey of 51 Hispanic caregivers, mostly mothers. A pediatric primary care facility in an urban Hispanic neighborhood in Houston, Tex. Remedies used for common pediatric illnesses and for the traditional folk illnesses: mal ojo (evil eye), empacho (blocked intestine), mollera caida (fallen fontanelle), and susto (fright). A combination of herbs and pharmaceuticals was used for many illnesses. Teas were most commonly used for colic, upper respiratory tract symptoms, and abdominal pain. Pharmaceuticals were most commonly used for upper respiratory tract symptoms, fever, and diarrhea. Belief in folk illnesses was common: 36 (70%) had experience with mal ojo, 33 (64%) with empacho, 27 (52%) with mollera caida, and 19 (37%) with susto; 10 (20%) had taken their children to curanderos (traditional healers) for treatment of folk illnesses. Cultural health beliefs were widely maintained in this Hispanic population. Many patients integrated cultural health practices with reliance on medical practitioners. Knowledge and acknowledgement of these practices are important for physician-patient communication and may affect compliance with other medical procedures and treatments.

  9. Yanchuan Folk Art—Collage

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1996-01-01

    The Ministry of Culture of the People’s Republic of China has named Yanchuan County, situated on the bank of the Yellow River to the east of Yan’an, Shaanxi Province, as the "home of China’s modern folk art." The Yellow River, the cradle of Chinese civilization. has also fostered the unique Yanchuan collage.

  10. A proposal to rename the hyperthermophile Pyrococcus woesei as Pyrococcus furiosus subsp. woesei

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wirojne Kanoksilapatham

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Pyrococcus species are hyperthermophilic members of the order Thermococcales, with optimal growth temperatures approaching 100 °C. All species grow heterotrophically and produce H2 or, in the presence of elemental sulfur (S°, H2S. Pyrococcus woesei and P. furiosus were isolated from marine sediments at the same Vulcano Island beach site and share many morphological and physiological characteristics. We report here that the rDNA operons of these strains have identical sequences, including their intergenic spacer regions and part of the 23S rRNA. Both species grow rapidly and produce H2 in the presence of 0.1% maltose and 10–100 µM sodium tungstate in S°-free medium. However,P. woesei shows more extensive autolysis than P. furiosus in the stationary phase. Pyrococcusfuriosus and P. woesei share three closely related families of insertion sequences (ISs. A Southern blot performed with IS probes showed extensive colinearity between the genomes of P. woesei and P. furiosus. Cloning and sequencing of ISs that were in different contexts in P. woesei and P. furiosus revealed that the napA gene in P. woesei is disrupted by a type III IS element, whereas in P. furiosus, this gene is intact. A type I IS element, closely linked to the napA gene, was observed in the same context in both P. furiosus and P. woesei genomes. Our results suggest that the IS elements are implicated in genomic rearrangements and reshuffling in these closely related strains. We propose to rename P. woesei a subspecies of P. furiosus based on their identical rDNA operon sequences, many common IS elements that are shared genomic markers, and the observation that all P. woesei nucleotide sequences deposited in GenBank to date are > 99% identical to P. furiosus sequences.

  11. THE EVALUATION OF FOLK CULTURE ELEMENTS INCLUDING IN PRIMARY SCHOOL SOCIAL STUDIES TEXTBOOKS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Folk culture is a total of common values, behaviors and ways of living patterns produced, kept alive, transferred to the next generations orally or written, informal education and concentrating on traditional areas. There is no doubt that transferring folk culture to the next generations will contribute to the protection of national identities against globalization, an inevitable process. The way of its realization is based on education. One of the most important lessons in which folk culture can be transferred to the young generations in primary education is social studies. The aim of this research is to reveal to what extend folk culture elements were included in 4th,5th, 6th, 7th grade social studies textbooks and workbooks. At the end of the research, which was carried out with scanning model and content analysis, it was found that seasonal festivals, children's games, marriage, processing, women's clothing and dress-ornament, dining-food-beverage, Karagoz, proverbs, folk music/instrument, Turkish folk dances, wrestling, and javelin folk culture elements were mostly included in the textbooks. Since social studies is an interdisciplinary field, it was presented with samples that all the elements of folk culture can be included in social studies textbooks.

  12. Higher Education Institution Branding as a Component of Country Branding in Ghana: Renaming Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Robert, Jr.; Osei, Collins; Omar, Maktoba

    2012-01-01

    As Higher Education Institutions (HEI) become more marketised and increasingly promotionalised, brand building gains in intensity and names become increasingly important. This conceptual paper plans to explore the application of the Renaming Process Model which depicts the key components that impact the organization brand renaming process,…

  13. Higher Education Institution Branding as a Component of Country Branding in Ghana: Renaming Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Robert, Jr.; Osei, Collins; Omar, Maktoba

    2012-01-01

    As Higher Education Institutions (HEI) become more marketised and increasingly promotionalised, brand building gains in intensity and names become increasingly important. This conceptual paper plans to explore the application of the Renaming Process Model which depicts the key components that impact the organization brand renaming process,…

  14. Is psychoanalysis a folk psychology?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arminjon, Mathieu

    2013-01-01

    Even as the neuro-psychoanalytic field has matured, from a naturalist point of view, the epistemological status of Freudian interpretations still remains problematic at a naturalist point of view. As a result of the resurgence of hermeneutics, the claim has been made that psychoanalysis is an extension of folk psychology. For these "extensionists," asking psychoanalysis to prove its interpretations would be as absurd as demanding the proofs of the scientific accuracy of folk psychology. I propose to show how Dennett's theory of the intentional stance allows us to defend an extensionist position while sparing us certain hermeneutic difficulties. In conclusion, I will consider how Shevrin et al. (1996) experiments could turn extensionist conceptual considerations into experimentally testable issues.

  15. Is Psychoanalysis a Folk Psychology?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arminjon, Mathieu

    2013-01-01

    Even as the neuro-psychoanalytic field has matured, from a naturalist point of view, the epistemological status of Freudian interpretations still remains problematic at a naturalist point of view. As a result of the resurgence of hermeneutics, the claim has been made that psychoanalysis is an extension of folk psychology. For these “extensionists,” asking psychoanalysis to prove its interpretations would be as absurd as demanding the proofs of the scientific accuracy of folk psychology. I propose to show how Dennett’s theory of the intentional stance allows us to defend an extensionist position while sparing us certain hermeneutic difficulties. In conclusion, I will consider how Shevrin et al. (1996) experiments could turn extensionist conceptual considerations into experimentally testable issues. PMID:23525879

  16. Folk Festival Fosters Communication Through Art

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1994-01-01

    CHINA’S Third International Folk Art Festival recently convened in Beijing, Dalian, Shenzhen and Huizhou, where folk artists from 15 countries performed at the opening ceremony. An art festival of this kind is held every two years. The first and the second international folk art festivals were convened in 1990 and in 1992 respectively, sponsored by the Confederation Society of China’s Literature and Art. Compared with the former two art festivals, the dance

  17. Folk healing: a description and synthesis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ness, R C; Wintrob, R M

    1981-11-01

    All societies have developed ways of dealing with physical and mental illness, defined as folk healing systems. The authors review the systems of folk healing that have evolved in different cultural groups in the United States. They describe the faith healing practices of fundamentalist Christian groups, the belief in rootwork among white and black people in the southeastern United States, curanderismo among Mexican-Americans, and espiritismo among Americans from Puerto Rico. Most believers in folk healing also go to physicians for medical care. The authors argue that physicians should familiarize themselves with patients' folk healing beliefs in order to serve them more effectively.

  18. Folk Culture Resources as a Component of Tourism Space

    OpenAIRE

    Mokras-Grabowska, Justyna

    2014-01-01

    The paper concerns folk tourism - describes the mutual relations between folk culture and tourism and the main mechanisms of the commercialization of cultural heritage. Moreover it locates folk culture resources in tourism space and includes hospitality.

  19. German Folk Dances: An Innovative Teaching Tool.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wedekind, Almute

    1993-01-01

    This paper proposes the incorporation of folk dances into the German curriculum on all instructional levels, from kindergarten to college. Learning and performing folk dances provides students not only with cultural information about foreign countries but also with specific structural features of the foreign language. The teacher can select…

  20. Folk Art in the Urban Artroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heise, Donalyn

    2010-01-01

    This article provides a rationale for integrating folk art in an urban K-12 art classroom to provide meaningful instruction for all students. The integration of folk art can provide a safe, nurturing environment for all students to learn by acknowledging the value of art in the community. It can prepare students for participation in a democratic…

  1. Physical demands during folk dancing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wigaeus, E; Kilbom, A

    1980-01-01

    This investigation was undertaken to evaluate the aerobic demands during one of the most popular and demanding Swedish folk dances the "hambo". Six men and six women, ranging in age from 22 to 32, participated. Their physical work capacity was investigated on a bicycle ergometer and a treadmill, using two to three submaximal and one maximal loads. All subjects were moderately well-trained and their average maximal oxygen uptake on the treadmill were 2.5 and 3.7 l/min (42.8 and 53.2 ml/kg . min-1) for women and men, respectively. When dancing the "hambo" the heart rate was telemetered, and the Douglas bag technique was used for measurements of pulmonary ventilation and oxygen uptake. The physical demand during "hambo" dancing was high in all subjects. Oxygen uptake was 38.5 and 37.3 ml/kg . min-1 and heart rate 179 and 172 in women and men, respectively. Women used 90% and men 70% of their maximal aerobic power obtained on the treadmill. The pulmonary ventilation and respiratory quotient of the female subjects were lower when dancing as compared to running, possibly because of voluntary restriction of the movements of the thoracic cage. Some popular Scandinavian folk dances are performed at a speed and with an activity pattern resembling the "hambo", while others are performed at a slower pace. The exercise intensity used in "hambo" is more than sufficient to induce training effects in the average individual provided that the dancing is performed at the frequency and for length of time usually recommended for physical training. For older or less fit people dances with a slow pace can be used for training purposes.

  2. Folk musical dramas portray population issues. Gurgaon.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-01-01

    The State Population Education Cell of the State Council of Educational Research and Training (SCERT) is now testing the use of folk musical dramas in promoting population messages. Being the language of the hearts, it is expected that about 50,000 students, teachers and members of the community will be oriented about the problems arising from rapid population growth through folk musical dramas. These musical dramas are innovative vehicles adopted under the Village Adoption and Population Education Laboratory Schools by the SCERT. It follows three phases. The first phase required poet teachers to develop three folk musical dramas on the themes of status of women and gender disparity, importance of small family and population growth and its impact on environment. The second phase saw the staging of these folk musical dramas in two adopted schools. The presentations were video taped and recorded into audio-video cassettes. For the last phase, another workshop will be organized to convene teacher poets to develop more folk musical dramas on the themes of adolescent problem, aging problem, mother and child care, delayed marriage, status of women and population growth and environment. The video cassettes produced previously will be used in the training of teachers, students and heads of schools on the development of folk musical dramas. After editing these dramas, they will be published in the form of booklets to promote wider dissemination to schools, which can stage these ready-made folk musical dramas during school celebrations and during the Population Education Week.

  3. Misrepresenting Chinese Folk Happiness: A Critique of a Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ip, Po-Keung

    2013-01-01

    Discourses on Chinese folk happiness are often based on anecdotal narratives or qualitative analysis. A recent study on Chinese folk happiness using qualitative method seems to provide some empirical findings beyond anecdotal evidence on Chinese folk happiness. This paper critically examines the study's constructed image of Chinese folk happiness,…

  4. Misrepresenting Chinese Folk Happiness: A Critique of a Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ip, Po-Keung

    2013-01-01

    Discourses on Chinese folk happiness are often based on anecdotal narratives or qualitative analysis. A recent study on Chinese folk happiness using qualitative method seems to provide some empirical findings beyond anecdotal evidence on Chinese folk happiness. This paper critically examines the study's constructed image of Chinese folk happiness,…

  5. Fractal Beauty in Xinjiang Folk Art Patterns

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    PENG Hong; ZHAO Hai-ying

    2014-01-01

    Xinjiang folk art patterns and designs are the art treasures of Chinese cultural treasure-house as well as the precious humanistic resources of Western China. In the process of collecting, sorting out and studying Xinjiang folk art patterns, the elegant simplicity as well as the good taste stands out impressively, and the pattern shape as well as the layout composition shows a distinctive national trait and a strong local color. As “The Geometry of Nature”, fractal geometry brings about a new performing method. Various fractal graphs are created by different generators. Their dynamic pictures contain visual information of great magnitude and their artistic effect is similar to Xinjiang folk art patterns, which fully proves the fractal beauty in Xinjiang folk art patterns.

  6. Folk Astronomy and Calendars in Yemen

    Science.gov (United States)

    Varisco, Daniel Martin

    A rich folk tradition of star lore evolved in the southwestern corner of the Arabian Peninsula, especially during the Islamic era. Some of this lore was recorded in Yemeni Arabic texts, especially during the 13th and 14th centuries. Among the calendars in use are solar, lunar, and stellar varieties. The most significant folk calendars are the system of agricultural marker stars, often correlated with the 28 lunar stations, and the Pleiades conjunction calendar.

  7. Medicinal plants with hepatoprotective activity in Iranian folk medicine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Majid Asadi-Samani

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available There are a number of medicinal combinations in the Iranian traditional medicine which are commonly used as tonic for liver. In this review, we have introduced some medicinal plants that are used mainly for the treatment of liver disorders in Iranian folk medicine, with focus on their hepatoprotective effects particularly against CC14 agent. In this study, online databases including Web of Science, PubMed, Scopus, and Science Direct were searched for papers published from January 1970 to December 2013. Search terms consisted of medicinal plants, traditional medicine, folk medicine, hepatoprotective, Iran, liver, therapeutic uses, compounds, antioxidant, CC14, anti-inflammatory, and antihepatotoxic, hepatitis, alone or in combination. Allium hirtifolium Boiss., Apium graveolens L., Cynara scolymus, Berberis vulgaris L., Calendula officinalis, Nigella sativa L., Taraxacum officinale, Tragopogon porrifolius, Prangos ferulacea L., Allium sativum, Marrubium vulgare, Ammi majus L., Citrullus lanatus Thunb, Agrimonia eupatoria L. and Prunus armeniaca L. are some of the medicinal plants that have been used for the treatment of liver disorders in Iranian folk medicine. Out of several leads obtained from plants containing potential hepatoprotective agents, silymarin, β-sitosterol, betalain, neoandrographolide, phyllanthin, andrographolide, curcumin, picroside, hypophyllanthin, kutkoside, and glycyrrhizin have been demonstrated to have potent hepatoprotective properties. Despite encouraging data on possibility of new discoveries in the near future, the evidence on treating viral hepatitis or other chronic liver diseases by herbal medications is not adequate.

  8. Methods in (Applied) Folk Linguistics: Getting into the Minds of the Folk

    Science.gov (United States)

    Preston, Dennis R.

    2011-01-01

    This paper deals with data gathering and interpretation in folk linguistics, but, as the parenthetical title suggests, it is not limited to any prejudged notion of what approaches or techniques might be most relevant to the wide variety of concerns encompassed by applied linguistics. In this article, the author conceives of folk linguistics…

  9. Folk Beliefs of Cultural Changes in China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yi eXu

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available For the last several decades, Chinese society has experienced transformative changes. How are these changes understood among Chinese people? To examine this question, Part 1 in this research solicited folk beliefs of cultural change from a group of Chinese participants in an open-ended format, and the generated folk beliefs were rated by another group of participants in Part 2 to gauge each belief’s level of agreement. Part 3 plotted the folk beliefs retained in Part 2 using the Google Ngram Viewer in order to infer the amount of intellectual interests that each belief has received cross-temporarily. These analyses suggested a few themes in Chinese folk beliefs of cultural change (1 rising perceived importance of materialism and individualism in understanding contemporary Chinese culture and Chinese psychology relative to those of the past (2 rising perceived importance of freedom, democracy and human rights and (3 enduring perceived importance of family relations and friendship as well as patriotism. Interestingly, findings from Parts 2 and 3 diverged somewhat, illuminating possible divergence between folk beliefs and intellectual interests especially for issues related to heritage of Confucianism.

  10. Folk beliefs of cultural changes in China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Yi; Hamamura, Takeshi

    2014-01-01

    For the last several decades, Chinese society has experienced transformative changes. How are these changes understood among Chinese people? To examine this question, Part 1 in this research solicited folk beliefs of cultural change from a group of Chinese participants in an open-ended format, and the generated folk beliefs were rated by another group of participants in Part 2 to gage each belief's level of agreement. Part 3 plotted the folk beliefs retained in Part 2 using the Google Ngram Viewer in order to infer the amount of intellectual interests that each belief has received cross-temporarily. These analyses suggested a few themes in Chinese folk beliefs of cultural change (1) rising perceived importance of materialism and individualism in understanding contemporary Chinese culture and Chinese psychology relative to those of the past (2) rising perceived importance of freedom, democracy and human rights and (3) enduring perceived importance of family relations and friendship as well as patriotism. Interestingly, findings from Parts 2 and 3 diverged somewhat, illuminating possible divergence between folk beliefs and intellectual interests especially for issues related to heritage of Confucianism.

  11. Regional Classification of Traditional Japanese Folk Songs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kawase, Akihiro; Tokosumi, Akifumi

    In this study, we focus on the melodies of Japanese folk songs, and examine the basic structures of Japanese folk songs that represent the characteristics of different regions. We sample the five largest song genres within the music corpora of the Nihon Min-yo Taikan (Anthology of Japanese Folk Songs), consisting of 202,246 tones from 1,794 song pieces from 45 prefectures in Japan. Then, we calculate the probabilities of 24 transition patterns that fill the interval of the perfect fourth pitch, which is the interval that maintains most of the frequency for one-step and two-step pitch transitions within 11 regions, in order to determine the parameters for cluster analysis. As a result, we successively classify the regions into two basic groups, eastern Japan and western Japan, which corresponds to geographical factors and cultural backgrounds, and also match accent distributions in the Japanese language.

  12. Is psychoanalysis a Folk-psychology?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mathieu eArminjon

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Even as the neuro-psychoanalytic field has matured, the epistemological status of Freudian interpretations still remains problematic. As a result of the resurgence of hermeneutics, the claim has been made that psychoanalysis is an extension of folk psychology. For these extensionists, asking psychoanalysis to prove its interpretations would be as absurd as demanding the proofs of the scientific accuracy of folk psychology. I propose to show how Dennett’s theory of the intentional stance allows us to defend an extensionist position while sparing us certain hermeneutic difficulties. In conclusion, I will consider how Shevrin experiments could turn extensionist conceptual considerations into experimentally testable issues.

  13. Religious coping methods of Taiwanese folk religion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Yi-Jung

    2014-08-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore religious coping methods employed by Taiwanese folk religious believers. This study applied qualitative research methods in data collection and data analysis by conducting semi-structured interviews with participants and analyzing the interview contents. We have identified fourteen coping methods that can be categorized into five different religious dimensions: belief, ritual, ethical, emotional and material. The findings not only expanded our knowledge about how believers of Taiwanese folk religion employ the religion to cope with difficulties but also discovered that some coping methods employed by them are also reported in Western countries, only in different forms.

  14. The Challenge and Benefit of Evaluating Folk Dancing Quality

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rhone, Jeffrey

    2017-01-01

    The physical, social, and music attributes inherent to folk dancing make it an ideal component of music education curricula. The communal experience of folk dancing is unprecedented for many adults and children. These experiences are unique because folk dancing can foster individual and group learning through music, and noncompetitive play. There…

  15. [Study on folk medicine used by Hakka in Meizhou].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Wei-Kui; Chen, Fan-Hua; Yan, Qian-Ru; Song, Wei

    2013-11-01

    Traditional or folk medicine, a multi-discipline subject, has gained much attention from all over the world at present. Based on the previous literatures, the overview on the recent advance of folk medicine used by Hakka was summarized. The key questions of folk medicine used by Hakka were also highlighted. It could be considered as a very important part of traditional Chinese medicines.

  16. Folk Stories and Social Identification in Multilingual Classrooms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Creese, Angela; Wu, Chao-Jung; Blackledge, Adrian

    2009-01-01

    This paper considers the processes of using folk stories for the teaching of community languages in a UK complementary school. We look at the appropriation of folk stories by teachers to teach young people Mandarin while also considering their possibilities as heritage texts. We consider how the teacher and students use the folk story as…

  17. Imitation, Awareness, and Folk Linguistic Artifacts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brunner, Elizabeth Gentry

    2010-01-01

    Imitations are sophisticated performances displaying regular patterns. The study of imitation allows linguists to understand speakers' perceptions of sociolinguistic variation. In this dissertation, I analyze imitations of non-native accents in order to answer two questions: what can imitation reveal about perception, and how are "folk linguistic…

  18. Living history: G. Edgar Folk, Jr.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tipton, Charles M

    2008-06-01

    In 2005, the American Physiological Society (APS) initiated the Living History Project to recognize senior members who have made significant contributions during their career to the advancement of the discipline and profession of physiology. During 2007, the APS Section of Environmental and Exercise Physiology selected Prof. G. Edgar Folk, Jr., of the University of Iowa to be profiled in Advances in Physiology Education.

  19. Folk Phenomenology and the Offering of Teaching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rocha, Samuel D.

    2016-01-01

    This article will move in five parts. It begins with some priming notes on the relationship between philosophy of education and curriculum theory. Then it rehearses a collage of selected passages from a recent book, "Folk Phenomenology: Education, Study, and the Human Person" (Rocha, 2015a). Then the author works in a more speculative…

  20. Bilingual Folk Stories in the ESL Classroom.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baynham, Mike

    1986-01-01

    Describes a method of drawing on the students' own knowledge and resources in developing language teaching materials. Discusses the use of folk stories as a source of reading materials and examines the process of preparing a Mullah Nasreddin story, first told in a classroom discussion, for publication as a bilingual reader. (SED)

  1. Probabilistic Segmentation of Folk Music Recordings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ciril Bohak

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents a novel method for automatic segmentation of folk music field recordings. The method is based on a distance measure that uses dynamic time warping to cope with tempo variations and a dynamic programming approach to handle pitch drifting for finding similarities and estimating the length of repeating segment. A probabilistic framework based on HMM is used to find segment boundaries, searching for optimal match between the expected segment length, between-segment similarities, and likely locations of segment beginnings. Evaluation of several current state-of-the-art approaches for segmentation of commercial music is presented and their weaknesses when dealing with folk music are exposed, such as intolerance to pitch drift and variable tempo. The proposed method is evaluated and its performance analyzed on a collection of 206 folk songs of different ensemble types: solo, two- and three-voiced, choir, instrumental, and instrumental with singing. It outperforms current commercial music segmentation methods for noninstrumental music and is on a par with the best for instrumental recordings. The method is also comparable to a more specialized method for segmentation of solo singing folk music recordings.

  2. The Myth of the Folk Theorem

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    C. Borgs; J. Chayes; N.S. Immorlica (Nicole Simone); A. Kalai; V. Mirrokni; C.H. Papadimitriou; C. Dwork; R.E. Ladner

    2008-01-01

    htmlabstractA well-known result in game theory known as “the Folk Theorem” suggests that finding Nash equilibria in repeated games should be easier than in one-shot games. In contrast, we show that the problem of finding any (approximate) Nash equilibrium for a three-player infinitely-repeated game

  3. Construction of Gender in Serbian Folk Religion

    OpenAIRE

    Marija Ristivojević

    2016-01-01

    Review of the book by Lidija Radulović. Pol/rod i religija. Konstrukcija roda u narodnoj religiji Srba. [Sex/Gender and Religion. The Construction of Gender in Serbian Folk Religion]. 2009. Beograd: Srpski genealoški centar i Odeljenje za etnologiju i antropologiju Filozofskog fakulteta

  4. Feel Fine with Chinese Folk Music

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    TaoZi

    2005-01-01

    The Chinese folk music band “Feel Fine” is composed of three accomplished young female instrumentalists. These young musicians, since their debut, have brought to audiences fresh music experiences with their splendid costumes, extraordinary skills and pop-style music.

  5. Folk Village”Tourist Program

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1997-01-01

    Farmers in rural Fuyang, Zhejiang Province, are now rich but there are still many traces of traditional production and life. Through the "Folk Village" tourist program developed by the Fuyang Tourism Administration, tourists can experience the life of local Chinese farmers.

  6. Medicinal plants with hepatoprotective activity in Iranian folk medicine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Majid; Asadi-Samani; Najme; Kafash-Farkhad; Nafiseh; Azimi; Ali; Fasihi; Ebrahim; Alinia-Ahandani; Mahmoud; Rafieian-Kopaei

    2015-01-01

    There are a number of medicinal combinations in the Iranian traditional medicine which are commonly used as tonic for liver.In this review,we have introduced some medicinal plants that are used mainly for the treatment of liver disorders in Iranian folk medicine,with focus on their hepatoprotective effects particularly against CCI4 agent.In this study,online databases including Web of Science.PubMed.Scopus,and Science Direct were searched for papers published from January 1970 to December 2013.Search terms consisted of medicinal plants,traditional medicine,folk medicine,hepatoprotective.Iran,liver,therapeutic uses,compounds,antioxidant.CCI4.anti-inflammatory,and antihepatotoxic,hepatitis,alone or in combination.Allium hirtifolium Boiss..Apium graveolens L..Cynara scolyinus.Berberis vulgaris L..,Calendula officinalis,Nigella sativa L..Taraxacum officinale.Tragopogon porrifolius.Prangos ferulacea L..Allium sativum,Marribium vulgare,Ammi majus L..Citrullus lanatus Thunb.Agrimonia eupatoria L.and Primus armeniaca L.are some of the medicinal plants that have been used for the treatment of liver disorders in Iranian folk medicine.Out of several leads obtained from plants containing potential hepatoprotective agents,silymarin,P-sitosterol,betalain,neoandrographolide.phyllanthin.andrographolide.curcumin.picroside.hypophyllanlhin.kutkoside,and glycyrrhizin have been demonstrated to have potent hepatoprotective properties.Despite encouraging data on possibility of new discoveries in the near future,the evidence on treating viral hepatitis or other chronic liver diseases by herbal medications is not adequate.

  7. 70th birthday of Reinhard Folk

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Editorial Board

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available On April 29, 2015 Reinhard Folk - member of the Editorial Board of "Condensed Matter Physics", renowned expert in the fields of condensed matter physics, phase transitions and critical phenomena - celebrated his 70th birthday. Reinhard Folk was born in Neuendettelsau, Germany. He studied at the University of Vienna, where in 1973 he defended his doctoral thesis "Hydrodynamic Equations of Dielectric Crystals" (under supervision of Franz Schwabl. In the same year he started working at the Institute for Theoretical Physics, Johannes Kepler University in Linz, at first as assistant, later as an associate professor, then as extraordinary professor, and finally as Director of the research group "Phase Transitions and Critical Phenomena". His research interests cover various fields of condensed matter physics. In particular, he obtained important results in the theory of ferroelectrics, quantum liquids, critical phenomena in magnets and random systems, spin liquids, superconductors, and neural networks. Reinhard Folk and his collaborators performed a series of studies that became the basis for understanding and quantitative description of phenomena occurring in many systems. Included amongst these are the description of the thermodynamic properties of matter in the vicinity of Lifshitz points, the description of critical dynamics in systems with different types of conservation laws, the analysis of effective (non-asymptotic critical behaviour, and generalized hydrodynamics of many-particle systems. Computing algorithms, resummation methods of asymptotic perturbation series proposed by Reinhard Folk and his collaborators, cover a wide range of applications. In 1982 (together with Volker Dohm he was awarded the Walter Schottky Prize of the German Physical Society for his studies of the critical dynamics of helium-4 . Those of us who were fortunate to know Reinhard Folk closer, are aware of his interests in the history of culture and the history of

  8. Folk music: from local to national to global

    OpenAIRE

    Hughes, David W.

    2007-01-01

    This chapter traces the shifting situation and nature of Japanese folk music from ‘traditional’ times to the present day. Topics covered include: importation of the European concept of ‘the folk’; distinction between folk song (min’yō) and folk performing arts (minzoku geinō); folk music in the traditional community; music and local identity, past and present (e.g. local vs national identity; folk music’s role in ‘community building’ in modern Japan); professionalization, commodification, fol...

  9. Neurological implications and neuropsychological considerations on folk music and dance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sironi, Vittorio A; Riva, Michele A

    2015-01-01

    Neurological and neuropsychological aspects of folk music and traditional dance have been poorly investigated by historical and scientific literature. Some of these performances could be indeed the manifestation of latent pathological conditions or the expression of liberation rituals. This chapter aimed at analyzing the relationships between traditional dance, folk music, and neurological and psychiatric disorders. Since ancient times, dance has been used in the individual or collective as treatment of some diseases, including epilepsy and movement disorders (dyskinesia, chorea, etc.). Dionysia in Ancient Greece, St. Vitus dance in the Middle Age, tarantism and other traditional dances of southern Italy and of non-Western countries might be credited as curative rituals of these neurological and psychiatric conditions. During the nineteenth century, dance was also used for the treatment of psychiatric patients; the relationship between dance and insanity could also be reflected in classical ballets and music of that period. Nowadays, neuropsychiatric manifestations could also be evidenced in modern dances (mass fainting at rock concerts, flash mobs); some ballroom dances are commonly used for the rehabilitation of patients suffering from neurodegenerative and psychiatric conditions. Interdisciplinary research on these subjects (ethnomusicology and cultural anthropology, clinical neurology and dynamic psychology, neuroradiology and neurophysiology, and socioneurology and neuromusicology) should be increased.

  10. Peruvian Children's Folk Taxonomy of Marine Animals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Pizarro-Neyra

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Free listing was used to obtain names of marine animals from 234 Peruvian children with families involved in fishing activities. They live in the fishing towns of Vila-vila, Morro Sama and Ilo, located in Southern Peru. Fishes, birds and the category “other marine animal” were used for the classification of marine fauna by children. The group of 6-8 year-olds shows a mean frequency of 19.7 names per child, while the group of 9-11 year-olds shows a mean frequency of 25.7 names per child. Folk species of fish is the most frequently recorded category with a predominance of coastal species and with a mean frequency of 7.56 and 11.51 names per child for the groups of 6-8 year-olds and 9-11 year-olds, respectively. In contrast, bird names are less frequently recorded in the lists. Some bird and mollusc names have lexical under-differentiation at a generic level and apparently have lower cultural significance than fish. Children’s classification in different levels of organization is evidence of a folk biology. The folk taxonomy of marine animals could be influenced by the lesser cognitive development of younger children and the ecological salience of some species. Some species with coastal habitat exhibit a high dominance index of folk names. Cultural transmission of knowledge about birds could be failing due to the recent occupancy of the study sites by migratory people and the sexual division of work in the children’s families.

  11. On Estonian Folk Culture: Pro et contra

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Piret Õunapuu

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available The year 2013 was designated the year of heritage in Estonia, with any kind of intangible and tangible heritage enjoying pride of place. Heritage was written and spoken about and revived in all kinds of ways and manners. The motto of the year was: There is no heritage without heir. Cultural heritage is a comprehensive concept. This article focuses, above all, on indigenous cultural heritage and, more precisely, its tangible (so-called object part. Was the Estonian peasant, 120 years back, with his gradually increasing self-confidence, proud or ashamed of his archaic household items? Rustic folk culture was highly viable at that time. In many places people still wore folk costumes – if not daily, then at least the older generation used to wear them to church. A great part of Estonians still lived as if in a museum. Actually, this reminded of the old times that people tried to put behind them, and sons were sent to school in town for a better and more civilised future. In the context of this article, the most important agency is peasants’ attitude towards tangible heritage – folk culture in the widest sense of the word. The appendix, Pro et contra, at the end of the article exemplifies this on the basis of different sources.

  12. An automatic composition model of Chinese folk music

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zheng, Xiaomei; Li, Dongyang; Wang, Lei; Shen, Lin; Gao, Yanyuan; Zhu, Yuanyuan

    2017-03-01

    The automatic composition has achieved rich results in recent decades, including Western and some other areas of music. However, the automatic composition of Chinese music is less involved. After thousands of years of development, Chinese folk music has a wealth of resources. To design an automatic composition mode, learn the characters of Chinese folk melody and imitate the creative process of music is of some significance. According to the melodic features of Chinese folk music, a Chinese folk music composition based on Markov model is proposed to analyze Chinese traditional music. Folk songs with typical Chinese national characteristics are selected for analysis. In this paper, an example of automatic composition is given. The experimental results show that this composition model can produce music with characteristics of Chinese folk music.

  13. Historical approach to Turkish folk and classical music

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fatma Âdile Başer

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available Turkish Classical Music, especially with the success at the Ottoman period, is a music of a civilization. It became a common language in all geographies and people that Turks made contacts with in various ways. Turkish civilization does not deny what she learned from Persians and Arabs, but she managed to use them to improve herself and developing better by adding the information to herself. This shows her power of creating civilization. One of the main signs of this three-continent-spread culture is of course Turkish Classical Music. İt is seen that collective awareness and mind which forms Turkish Classical Music, first recovered the common points, coming from the roots, between Turkish “boy” clans then considered the musical specialities of other societies that share same climate, geography, or some cultural values with Turks. In this manner, the music developed, came to the point that we say “classic”, in which societies and nations found themselves within, by climbing over the identity of being a particular group’s or society’s music. This study is directed towards to recover the main components which gives Turkish Classical Music its character in the process of development by looking beyond the history. In this point the relationship between Turkish Classical and Folk Music is presented.The main path to Muslim Turkishness in the art and political area – Oguz Turkishness is emphasized and their understanding and behaviour before and after Islam is discussed from the music side. Second mainland of Turks, Anatolia is again discussed under another title by the means of Seljuks, Anatolian Seljuks and Beyliks periods; reflections of Oguz “bey” understanding in music is told. The effects of the sufi understanding which came to Anatolia over Horasan on music and the Anatolian Turkishness’ role over sufi understanding is considered, Ahi organization which is said to be a semi religious foundation of Turkish style mentioned by

  14. Folk medicine used to heal malaria in Calabria (southern Italy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tagarelli Antonio

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract In Italy, malaria was an endemic disease that was eradicated by the mid-20th century. This paper evaluates the prophylactic and therapeutic remedies used by folk medicine to cure malaria in Calabria (southern Italy. The data has been collected by analysing works of physicians, ethnographers, folklorists and specialists of the study of Calabrian history between the end of the 19th century and the 20th century. The data collected have allowed us to describe the most common cures used by the Calabrian people to treat malaria and the most evident symptoms of this disease, such as intermittent fever, hepato-spleenomegaly, asthenia and dropsy. This approach uncovered a heterogeneous corpus of empirical, magical and religious remedies, which the authors have investigated as evidences of past "expert medicine" and to verify their real effectiveness in the treatment of malaria.

  15. The folk psychology of souls.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bering, Jesse M

    2006-10-01

    The present article examines how people's belief in an afterlife, as well as closely related supernatural beliefs, may open an empirical backdoor to our understanding of the evolution of human social cognition. Recent findings and logic from the cognitive sciences contribute to a novel theory of existential psychology, one that is grounded in the tenets of Darwinian natural selection. Many of the predominant questions of existential psychology strike at the heart of cognitive science. They involve: causal attribution (why is mortal behavior represented as being causally related to one's afterlife? how are dead agents envisaged as communicating messages to the living?), moral judgment (why are certain social behaviors, i.e., transgressions, believed to have ultimate repercussions after death or to reap the punishment of disgruntled ancestors?), theory of mind (how can we know what it is "like" to be dead? what social-cognitive strategies do people use to reason about the minds of the dead?), concept acquisition (how does a common-sense dualism interact with a formalized socio-religious indoctrination in childhood? how are supernatural properties of the dead conceptualized by young minds?), and teleological reasoning (why do people so often see their lives as being designed for a purpose that must be accomplished before they perish? how do various life events affect people's interpretation of this purpose?), among others. The central thesis of the present article is that an organized cognitive "system" dedicated to forming illusory representations of (1) psychological immortality, (2) the intelligent design of the self, and (3) the symbolic meaning of natural events evolved in response to the unique selective pressures of the human social environment.

  16. Research on Characteristics of Sichuan Folk Traditional Bed

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jian-hua LYU[1,2,3; Wei-yao ZHANG[1,2,4; Ming CHEN[1,2,5

    2015-01-01

    Bed is one of the important types of Sichuan folk furniture, which is mostly used in daily life. The detailed information of Sichuan folk traditional bed was achieved through literature review, field investigation and expert interview methods. Then Characteristic and style, including material, shape, craft and pattern of Sichuan folk traditional bed were analyzed through linking and discussing the relationship among natural environment, economic environment, historical background, cultural background and religious beliefs. Conclusion on types, techniques and patterns of Sichuan folk traditional bed were drawn finally.

  17. Women in folk dances from the gender aspects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nihal Ötken

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Folk dances are the cultural products created by the folk and transferred from generation to generation. Femininity and masculinity roles based on culture in the gender aspects, too. For this reason when considering the relationship between dance and gender in folk dances, role and responsibilities undertaken by women and men in society, should be considered in all aspects of the historical and social from past to present.In this paper women issue in folk dance will be examined from the traditional performances to the present, in the stage process extending from amateur to the professional ensembles as discussed from the gender aspects.

  18. Infra-specific folk taxonomy in sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L. Moench in Ethiopia: folk nomenclature, classification, and criteria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mekbib Firew

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Sorghum is one of the main staple food crops for the poorest and most food insecure people of the world. As Ethiopia is the centre of origin and diversity for sorghum, the crop has been cultivated for many thousands of years. Hence, indigenous knowledge based sorghum classification and naming has a long tradition. Methods In order to assess folk taxonomy, various research methods were employed, including, focus group interviews with 360 farmers, direct on-farm participatory monitoring with 120 farmers, key informant interviews with 60 farmers and development agents and semi-structured interviews with 250 farmers. In addition, diversity fairs were conducted with over 1200 farmers. Assessment of folk taxonomy consistency was assessed by 30 farmers' evaluation of 44 folk species. Results Farmers have been growing sorghum for at least 500 years (20 generations. Sorghum is named as Mishinga in the region. Farmers used twenty five morphological, sixty biotic and abiotic and twelve use-related traits in folk taxonomy of sorghum. Farmers classified their gene-pool by hierarchical classifications into parts that represented distinguishable groups of accessions. Folk taxonomy trees were generated in the highland, intermediate and lowland sorghum ecologies. Over 78 folk species have been identified. The folk species were named after morphological, use-related and breeding methodology used. Relative distribution of folk species over the region, folk taxonomy consistency, and comparison of folk and formal taxonomy are described. Conclusion New folk taxonomy descriptors have been identified and suggested to be used as formal taxonomy descriptors. It is concluded that integrated folk-formal taxonomy has to be used for enhanced collection, characterisation and utilization of on farm genetic resources.

  19. The Gothic Folk Devils Strike Back! Theorizing Folk Devil Reaction in the Post-Columbine Era

    Science.gov (United States)

    Griffiths, Richard

    2010-01-01

    Folk devils have to date been significantly overlooked in previous studies of moral panics. While several studies have called attention to this problematic (Thornton and McRobbie 1995, De Young 2004, Lumsden 2009), no specific theoretical framework has been proposed for reading this dimension of a moral panic. This paper argues that a moral panic…

  20. Lost Skies of Italian Folk Astronomy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barale, Piero

    The limited archival material and the scarcity of evidence from the oldest living representatives of various communities effectively restrict research on archaic astronomical knowledge within Italy to the Alpine area and the most northerly part of the Appenines. These are territories where, fortunately, the folk culture is historically recognized as being very conservative. The sky provided a series of "astral instruments" used for planning religious festivals, fairs, and work in the fields through an empirical-symbolic approach and ancient sidereal calendars with which the valley dwellers were able to arrange daily life.

  1. Dikir Farmasi: folk songs for health education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bahri, Salmah; Lee, Kah Seng; Adenan, Mohammad Aswady; Murugiah, Muthu Kumar; Khan, Tahir Mehmood; Neoh, Chin Fen; Long, Chiau Ming

    2016-09-01

    In an effort to enhance public awareness, we develop Dikir Farmasi as an innovative approach to deliver health information. Dikir Farmasi combines the elements of dikir barat (a type of traditional folk song rhythm) and traditional sketches which are popular in the state of Kelantan, Malaysia. These sketches and dikir barat rhythmic songs, with lyrics touch on issues such as drug abuse and regulation are presented in an entertaining and humorous way. Health promotion messages are disseminated using Dikir Farmasi in the form of compact disks, video compact disks, stage performance, exhibition, social media, printed media (signboard, brochure and flyer).

  2. "Country Life"? Rurality, Folk Music and "Show of Hands"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yarwood, Richard; Charlton, Clive

    2009-01-01

    This paper examines the contribution of folk music to understanding the dynamic, fluid and multi-experiential nature of the countryside. Drawing from literature on the geographies of music, it examines the work of "Show of Hands", a contemporary folk band from Devon in England. Three areas are studied. First, the paper examines the…

  3. Folk Belief Theory, the Rigor Gap, and the Achievement Gap

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torff, Bruce

    2014-01-01

    Folk belief theory is suggested as a primary cause for the persistence of the achievement gap. In this research-supported theory, culturally specified folk beliefs about learning and teaching prompt educators to direct more rigorous curriculum to high-advantage students but not to low-advantage students, resulting in impoverished pedagogy in…

  4. A Folk Tale of a Man Who Saves Three Animals

    OpenAIRE

    Zla ba sgrol ma

    2009-01-01

    This folk tale relates how a young man saves three animals – a mouse, a bear, and a monkey – who later repay their debt of gratitude to him This collection presents forty-nine audio files including: several folk song genres; folktales and; local history from the Sman shad Valley of Sde dge County World Oral Literature Project

  5. Folk Belief Theory, the Rigor Gap, and the Achievement Gap

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torff, Bruce

    2014-01-01

    Folk belief theory is suggested as a primary cause for the persistence of the achievement gap. In this research-supported theory, culturally specified folk beliefs about learning and teaching prompt educators to direct more rigorous curriculum to high-advantage students but not to low-advantage students, resulting in impoverished pedagogy in…

  6. Folklore and Folk Songs of Chittagong: A Critical Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amir Mohammad Khan

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Folk Songs stems from Folklore are very rich in the southern region of Chittagong. In this part of the world Folk Songs play pivotal role in the lifestyle of people as a heart-touching and heavenly connection exists between human, nature and Folk Songs. Folk Songs in this area are special because we found the theme of Nature Conservation in them. We took the southern part of Chittagong (Lohagara, Satkania, Chandanaish and Patiya as our research area, selected a village namely Chunati in the systematic sampling and more than 100 people were interviewed through focus group discussion and key informant interviews. The sufficient literature review is also done. People in this area love nature a lot. Here music personnel were born from time to time who not only worked for the musical development but also created consciousness among people to love nature and save it. We discussed about the origin of Folk Songs, pattern of Folk Songs to clarify the importance of Folk Songs of Chittagong for its connection to Folklore and at the same time for promoting the idea of Nature Conservation. Of course, this part of studies deserves more attention in the field of research. Our ultimate goal should be to conserve and promote Folk Songs of Chittagong with yearlong heritage that automatically will later enrich Folklore and Nature Conservation.

  7. Modulated neural processing of Western harmony in folk musicians.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brattico, Elvira; Tupala, Tiina; Glerean, Enrico; Tervaniemi, Mari

    2013-07-01

    A chord deviating from the conventions of Western tonal music elicits an early right anterior negativity (ERAN) in inferofrontal brain regions. Here, we tested whether the ERAN is modulated by expertise in more than one music culture, as typical of folk musicians. Finnish folk musicians and nonmusicians participated in electroencephalography recordings. The cadences consisted of seven chords. In incongruous cadences, the third, fifth, or seventh chord was a Neapolitan. The ERAN to the Neapolitans was enhanced in folk musicians compared to nonmusicians. Folk musicians showed an enhanced P3a for the ending Neapolitan. The Neapolitan at the fifth position was perceived differently and elicited a late enhanced ERAN in folk musicians. Hence, expertise in more than one music culture seems to modify chord processing by enhancing the ERAN to ambivalent chords and the P3a to incongruous chords, and by altering their perceptual attributes.

  8. Climate change adaptation strategy for the Folk Communities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Abdul-Al-Pavel, Muha.; Khan, Mohammed Abu Sayed Arfin; Rahman, Syed Ajijur

    2013-01-01

    In Bangladesh, impacts on agriculture from extreme climate are increasingly vulnerable. On the other hand, folk communities are intensely depending on agriculture for their livelihoods. Climate change has already negatively affected the vegetable production by annual recurrent flood in Bangladesh...

  9. Mongolian folk medicine--from traditional practice to scientific development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Chun-hong; Zhao, Zhi-ying; Hasi, Ba-te-er; Li, Zhen-hua; Wu, Mao-mao; Zou, De-zhi; Li, Min-hui

    2015-07-01

    Mongolian folk medicine, the important part of Mongolian medicine, is the main means, method and weapon of disease prevention, treatment and health care. Mongolian materia medicas are the important literatures of guiding the healthy development of the modern Mongolian medicine with a long and dazzling history. Since the founding of new China, a new history chapter of Mongolian folk medicine was opened under the attention and support from all levels of party and government. This paper intends to provide comprehensive insight into the rapid development of Mongolian folk medicine. The resources, phytochemistry, quality standard, pharmacology, dosage forms reform and production were reviewed to expound the process that Mongolian folk medicine was developed from traditional practices to scientific development

  10. Folk Fair at the Temple of Earth in Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1998-01-01

    Every spring, a grand fair full of folk tastes is held at the Temple of Earth in Beijing. The powerful gong and drums are the most popular program. The actors and actresses hail from all parts of China.

  11. What Works Best to Help Overweight Folks Eat Healthier?

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... fullstory_163807.html What Works Best to Help Overweight Folks Eat Healthier? Researchers still don't know ... 2017 MONDAY, Feb. 27, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Getting overweight adults to adopt new heart-healthy eating habits ...

  12. WHAT IS FOLK ART%什么是民间艺术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁玖

    2004-01-01

    The subjects of “folk art” mainly refer to folks, such as peasants, citizens, fishermen, etc. In other words, the folks who create“folk art”are industrious and intelligent ordinary people who live in different cultural circles of different regions. The so-called “folk art” means that the ordinary people in certain society use the specific media, follow the possibile spirit suitable for themselves, and thus create the artistic form with regional and cultural taste and style

  13. Shaanxi Youth Folk Art Troupe Performs at Los Angeles Disneyland

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liu; Tong

    2015-01-01

    At the central square of Disneyland in Los Angeles during the Chinese Spring Festival,a group of Chinese children wearing horn-shaped braids or white towel kerchiefs on their heads performed the waist-drum dance to the rhythm of typical northern Shaanxi folk music.The wonderful performance given by the Shaanxi Youth Folk Art Troupe at Disneyland was part of a cultural exchange with the United States

  14. Creativity and personality in classical, jazz and folk musicians

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benedek, Mathias; Borovnjak, Barbara; Neubauer, Aljoscha C.; Kruse-Weber, Silke

    2014-01-01

    The music genre of jazz is commonly associated with creativity. However, this association has hardly been formally tested. Therefore, this study aimed at examining whether jazz musicians actually differ in creativity and personality from musicians of other music genres. We compared students of classical music, jazz music, and folk music with respect to their musical activities, psychometric creativity and different aspects of personality. In line with expectations, jazz musicians are more frequently engaged in extracurricular musical activities, and also complete a higher number of creative musical achievements. Additionally, jazz musicians show higher ideational creativity as measured by divergent thinking tasks, and tend to be more open to new experiences than classical musicians. This study provides first empirical evidence that jazz musicians show particularly high creativity with respect to domain-specific musical accomplishments but also in terms of domain-general indicators of divergent thinking ability that may be relevant for musical improvisation. The findings are further discussed with respect to differences in formal and informal learning approaches between music genres. PMID:24895472

  15. Creativity and personality in classical, jazz and folk musicians.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benedek, Mathias; Borovnjak, Barbara; Neubauer, Aljoscha C; Kruse-Weber, Silke

    2014-06-01

    The music genre of jazz is commonly associated with creativity. However, this association has hardly been formally tested. Therefore, this study aimed at examining whether jazz musicians actually differ in creativity and personality from musicians of other music genres. We compared students of classical music, jazz music, and folk music with respect to their musical activities, psychometric creativity and different aspects of personality. In line with expectations, jazz musicians are more frequently engaged in extracurricular musical activities, and also complete a higher number of creative musical achievements. Additionally, jazz musicians show higher ideational creativity as measured by divergent thinking tasks, and tend to be more open to new experiences than classical musicians. This study provides first empirical evidence that jazz musicians show particularly high creativity with respect to domain-specific musical accomplishments but also in terms of domain-general indicators of divergent thinking ability that may be relevant for musical improvisation. The findings are further discussed with respect to differences in formal and informal learning approaches between music genres.

  16. AVANÇOS E PERSPECTIVAS DA RENAME APÓS NOVOS MARCOS LEGAIS: O DESAFIO DE CONTRIBUIR PARA UM SUS ÚNICO E INTEGRAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Miguel do Nascimento Júnior

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Objetivos: O presente artigo tem por objetivo descrever o processo de atualização da Relação Nacional de Medicamentos Essenciais (RENAME, contextualizando-o à luz de novos marcos legais do Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS. Métodos: Trata-se de um estudo descritivo, de natureza crítica-reflexiva, estruturado em dois momentos: a o processo de atualização da RENAME com a instituição dos novos marcos legais e b discussão dos avanços, desafios e perspectivas da RENAME com o advento dos marcos legais descritos. Resultados: Discute-se a nova concepção da RENAME e sua harmonização com as diretrizes do SUS, discorrendo sobre aspectos dos processos de incorporação, de responsabilização pelo financiamento e de pactuação interfederativa, e seus impactos no acesso aos medicamentos. Conclusões: As mudanças nos marcos legais contribuíram para a aproximação das políticas de incorporação tecnológica e de assistência farmacêutica no âmbito do SUS, tornando a nova RENAME um instrumento importante para a qualificação da gestão e para a garantia do acesso a medicamentos eficazes, efetivos e seguros à população brasileira. Descritores: Medicamentos Essenciais; Assistência Farmacêutica; Gestão em Saúde; Financiamento da Assistência à Saúde; Sistema Único de Saúde.  

  17. An ethnomedicinal survey of cucurbitaceae family plants used in the folk medicinal practices of Bangladesh 1

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammed Rahmatullah

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: The Cucurbitaceae family comprising about 125 genera and 960 species is a family that is further characterized by commonly having five-angled stems and coiled tendrils and is also known as gourd family of flowering plants. Plant species belonging to this family have a worldwide distribution, but most species can be found in tropical and subtropical countries. A number of the plants belonging to this family have reported important pharmacological activities. Cucurbitaceae family plants are also in use in the folk medicinal system of Bangladesh-a traditional medicinal system, which mainly relies on medicinal plants for treatment of diverse ailments. Aims: Since folk medicinal practitioners form the first tier of primary health care in Bangladesh, the objective of this study was to conduct ethnomedicinal surveys among 75 folk medicinal practitioners (Kavirajes practicing among the mainstream Bengali-speaking population of randomly selected 75 villages in 64 districts of Bangladesh and 8 tribal practitioners (1 each from 8 major indigenous communities or tribes, namely, Bede, Chakma, Garo, Khasia, Marma, Murong, Santal, and Tripura of the country. Materials and Methods: Surveys were carried out with the help of a semi-structured questionnaire and the guided field-walk method. Results: It was observed that the folk and tribal medicinal practitioners use a total of 19 Cucurbitaceae family species for treatment of ailments such as dysentery, diabetes, edema, skin disorders, leukoderma, hypertension, jaundice, typhoid, spleen disorders, respiratory problems, leprosy, rheumatoid arthritis, chicken pox, and cancer. The 19 species of Cucurbitaceae family plants in use were Benincasa hispida, Bryonopsis laciniosa, Citrullus colocynthis, Citrullus lanatu, Coccinia grandis, Cucumis melo, Cucumis sativus, Cucurbita maxima, Cucurbita pepo, Hodgsonia macrocarpa, Lagenaria vulgaris, Luffa acutangula, Luffa cylindrica, Momordica charantia, Momordica

  18. MOVEMENT ANALYSIS OF TURKISH FOLK DANCE TYPE: “BAR”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nihal OTKEN

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available The movement analysis in “Bar”, Which is a type of Turkish Folk Dances, the main subject of this article. Three regions Erzurum, Bayburt and Erzincan are chosen to determine the basic movements that are most used in “Bar”. The basic movements are determined by examining 7 or 8 dances for 3 regions, namely 23 dances in sum. The similar and different characteristics of the sort are revealed by examining the arm positions and basic figures in body parts, which are used in these dances. In the study, first of all, video records that were recorded in the interviews with the regional folk dance trainers, various folk dance shows and folk dance competitions, are transformed into digital environment by Asus Live Video to have bmp and jpeg formats for examining the body movements with the aim of determining them. As a result of this work, the photos are taken and examined in digital environment. By analyzing these determined basic movements that are used in “Bar” dances in the respect of anatomy also, the anatomy terms, which are used by the medicine, anatomy and kinetics scholars in the whole world internationally are employed for the explanations of the movements due to the lack of the written terminology of Turkish folk dances. In the conclusion part, the necessity of movement analysis and its advantages provided for education and training of folk dance are mentioned. Also this article is the first study which puts movement analysis about “Bar” into practice in Turkish folk dances. This article was prepared at Istanbul Technical University Institute of Social Sciences, supported by Istanbul Technical University Scientific Research Projects Unit; "Determination of the Basic Movements Used in Folk Dances and Their Anatomical Analysis" is derived from the thesis Proficiency. The project examined five different types of folk dances. But from within the only “Bar” dances on the subject by examining the forms of movement, some stickers

  19. THE SOURCE OF RUSSIAN THEATER IN FOLK CULTURE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seyhan UCAR

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The folk culture, which is the foundation of contemporary values, provides to societies distinctive creativity duration by effecting artistic expression forms. On the other hand, the theater, as both a visual and literary genre, has become a cultural system by presenting ways for understanding and transmission of the events in versatile ways. Within this context, it can be said that the folk culture has had an encouraging effect on the turning theatrical art into a generic form and on the movement of the theater art with different adaptations. In Russia, primitive theatrical signs with regards to folk culture are seen in the period before the organisation of the first governmental theater. In that period especially the feast days, plays, skomorokhi (wandering minstrel-clowns and puppet theater made a significant contribution to the theater art and moved it to the professional stage. In this article, it is aimed to discuss the theatrical importance of the factors belonging to the folk culture and the developments, composing the basics of the Russian theater, through the ceremonies, folk dances, weddings, feast days, pagan rituals and the travel notes.

  20. A comparative phylogenetic study of genetics and folk music.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pamjav, Horolma; Juhász, Zoltán; Zalán, Andrea; Németh, Endre; Damdin, Bayarlkhagva

    2012-04-01

    Computer-aided comparison of folk music from different nations is one of the newest research areas. We were intrigued to have identified some important similarities between phylogenetic studies and modern folk music. First of all, both of them use similar concepts and representation tools such as multidimensional scaling for modelling relationship between populations. This gave us the idea to investigate whether these connections are merely accidental or if they mirror population migrations from the past. We raised the question; does the complex structure of musical connections display a clear picture and can this system be interpreted by the genetic analysis? This study is the first to systematically investigate the incidental genetic background of the folk music context between different populations. Paternal (42 populations) and maternal lineages (56 populations) were compared based on Fst genetic distances of the Y chromosomal and mtDNA haplogroup frequencies. To test this hypothesis, the corresponding musical cultures were also compared using an automatic overlap analysis of parallel melody styles for 31 Eurasian nations. We found that close musical relations of populations indicate close genetic distances (folk music; maternal lineages have a more important role in folk music traditions than paternal lineages. Furthermore, the combination of these disciplines establishing a new interdisciplinary research field of "music-genetics" can be an efficient tool to get a more comprehensive picture on the complex behaviour of populations in prehistoric time.

  1. Insight into the Presence of Stilbenes in Medicinal Plants Traditionally Used in Croatian Folk Medicine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mekinić, Ivana Generalić; Skroza, Danijela; Ljubenkov, Ivica; Katalinić, Višnja

    2016-06-01

    Over the last years, great interest has arisen concerning plant stilbenes, especially resveratrol, which has a whole spectrum of positive biological activities. In this study, we investigated the presence of resveratrol monomers (trans- and cis- form) and naturally occurring derivatives of trans-resveratrol (piceid, astringin and isorhapontin) in phenolic extracts of twenty medicinal plants traditionally used in Croatian folk medicine. The investigated compounds were present in the samples, in free form or as glucosides, and the highest share was found in immortelle, common yarrow and Lamiaceae plants. The obtained results indicate that biological activity of selected medicinal plants can be related to the presence of this valuable group of phytochemicals.

  2. Influence of folk medicine on the family practitioner.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gums, J G; Carson, D S

    1987-02-01

    The practice of folk medicine in the United States is increasing. Awareness by the family practitioner is essential in order to effectively communicate and successfully recommend medical treatment to those patients who hold belief in these traditional practices. Root medicine is particularly thriving in the southeastern United States. The influx of refugees into the southern coastal states has introduced new concepts into traditional medical practices. Interaction with patients who are involved with traditional health care providers and the modern medical community occurs more frequently than may be appreciated by the physicians. This article is intended to increase physicians' knowledge of some of the basic philosophies and practices of folk medicine, particularly root medicine, and to provide some insight into the reasons why the practitioners of folk medicine can be strongly influential in the medical and psychologic concerns of patients who believe in the power of the supernatural.

  3. Self-Deception, Delusion and the Boundaries of Folk Psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bortolotti, Lisa; Mameli, Matteo

    2012-02-01

    To what extent do self-deception and delusion overlap? In this paper we argue that both self-deception and delusions can be understood in folk-psychological terms. "Motivated" delusions, just like self-deception, can be described as beliefs driven by personal interests. If self-deception can be understood folk-psychologically because of its motivational component, so can motivated delusions. Non-motivated delusions also fit (to a large extent) the folk-psychological notion of belief, since they can be described as hypotheses one endorses when attempting to make sense of unusual and powerful experiences. We suggest that there is continuity between the epistemic irrationality manifested in self-deception and in delusion.

  4. 闽台民间文学的共性研究%Research on the Similarities Between Fijian and Taiwan Folk Literature

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡月连

    2015-01-01

    The folk literature is the literary creation of the working people, it is the important carrier of people's thoughts and feelings. It contains folk tales, folk songs, folk myths, folklore, these words in easy-to-understand language will become popular and people have seen their destinies woven together closer than ever. No matter in the formation of the folk literature in Taiwan and fujian folk literature or in the process of development, there are interactive inference, therefore, exploring the commonness and origin of fujian and Taiwan folk lit-erature will play a very important role in promoting people-to-people exchanges between fujian and Taiwan, cultural identity, so as to pro-mote the process of peaceful reunification of the motherland.%民间文学是劳动人民的文学创作,是表现人民思想感情的重要载体。它以民间故事、民间歌谣、民间神话、民间传说等为内容,这些通俗易懂的内容容易深入民心,将人民紧密联系在一起。台湾民间文学和福建民间文学不管在形成还是在发展过程中,都存在互动推演,因此,探讨闽台民间文学的共性以及渊源,对于促进闽台之间的民间交流、文化认同,从而推进祖国和平统一大业的进程将起到极其重要的作用。

  5. Folk medicine in the northern coast of Colombia: an overview

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Medina José

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Traditional remedies are an integral part of Colombian culture. Here we present the results of a three-year study of ethnopharmacology and folk-medicine use among the population of the Atlantic Coast of Colombia, specifically in department of Bolívar. We collected information related to different herbal medicinal uses of the local flora in the treatment of the most common human diseases and health disorders in the area, and determined the relative importance of the species surveyed. Methods Data on the use of medicinal plants were collected using structured interviews and through observations and conversations with local communities. A total of 1225 participants were interviewed. Results Approximately 30 uses were reported for plants in traditional medicine. The plant species with the highest fidelity level (Fl were Crescentia cujete L. (flu, Eucalyptus globulus Labill. (flu and cough, Euphorbia tithymaloides L. (inflammation, Gliricidia_sepium_(Jacq. Kunth (pruritic ailments, Heliotropium indicum L. (intestinal parasites Malachra alceifolia Jacq. (inflammation, Matricaria chamomilla L. (colic Mentha sativa L. (nervousness, Momordica charantia L. (intestinal parasites, Origanum vulgare L. (earache, Plantago major L. (inflammation and Terminalia catappa L. (inflammation. The most frequent ailments reported were skin affections, inflammation of the respiratory tract, and gastro-intestinal disorders. The majority of the remedies were prepared from freshly collected plant material from the wild and from a single species only. The preparation of remedies included boiling infusions, extraction of fresh or dry whole plants, leaves, flowers, roots, fruits, and seeds. The parts of the plants most frequently used were the leaves. In this study were identified 39 plant species, which belong to 26 families. There was a high degree of consensus from informants on the medical indications of the different species. Conclusions This study

  6. Folk healing and biomedicine: culture clash or complimentary approach?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Engebretson, J

    1994-09-01

    Health care professionals are often faced with clients who are using alternative healing techniques along with biomedicine. A comparison of biomedicine in its cultural context to folk healing serves to highlight the cultural aspects of both systems. The cult of Fidencio, a popular healer in northern Mexico and southern United States, is used to illustrate a folk healing system. Biomedicine is presented in a historical context to show the American value of scientific objectivity. Current interest in alternative healing in the United States challenges the absolute primacy of scientific rationalism and opens the door for complementary approaches.

  7. 民俗体育、民间体育、民族体育和传统体育的概念及关系辨析%On the Concepts and Mutual Relations of Folk Sports, Sports in Folk, National Sports and Traditional Sports

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张淼; 李龙

    2013-01-01

      民俗体育是指在体育中能够体现某一民俗活动功能和文化意蕴的体育。民间体育是在民众中开展的、非官方的体育。传统体育是指人类历史上已创造并衍传至今,具有民族或地方特色的体育文化。民族体育是反映和承载民族共同的心理素质、共同文化,并为民众共同享用的民族整体的体育文化。民俗体育、民间体育、民族体育、传统体育的关系错综复杂,民间体育包含民俗体育,传统体育包含民俗体育,而民间体育与民族体育、传统体育,民俗体育与民族体育以及民族体育与传统体育之间,相互交叉、重叠。%Folk sports refer to the sports which reflect the function of folk activities and cultural implication. Sports in folk are the sport which are carried out in the public and unofficial forms. Traditional sports refer to the cultural forms that have been created in the human history and developed until to now and have national and local characteristics. National sports is the national integral culture that can reflect and carry the national common psychological qualities, common culture and can be enjoyed by people. The relations of folk sports, sports in folk, national sports, traditional sports are complex. Sports in folk include folk sports. Traditional sports include folk sports. Then, the relations between sports in folk and national sports, traditional sports, folk sports and national sports as well as national sports and traditional sports are cross and overlap.

  8. 民俗档案和档案中的民俗%Folk Files and Folk in Files

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨景春

    2012-01-01

    Folk should have the file, with the development of society, we strongly feel the folk customs of Evolution, in such circum- stances, we need to do folk material collected into the file work. Not only rural, urban folk also need protection. No file, confusion is bound to want to say that those good, Living difficult trade - offs. File is a treasure house of folklore studies. Folk cul rural heritage as a social, not backwater immutable. Although folk file lying there quietly, but retained a truth for us, no matter where we go, as long as a back, you can see the real her back, like a mother standing in the hills, watched travel~ son, so that we feel a kind of solemn and warm.%民俗应该有档案,随着社会的发展,我们强烈感觉到民风民俗的衍变,在这种情形之下,我们更需做好民俗资料的搜集整理入档工作。不只乡村,城市民俗也需要保护。没有档案,势必"欲说当年好困惑,亦真亦幻难取舍"。文章认为,档案是民俗研究的宝库,民俗作为社会的传承文化,不可能死水一潭一成不变。民俗档案可以为我们存留一份丰富的历史记忆和根脉,因此要加强民众保护及民众档案的建设工作,使其成为社会发展的一项战略任务。

  9. 行业高校更名的理性回归%On the Rational Returning of Professional University's Renaming

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨道兵; 陶鹏; 杨秀芹

    2012-01-01

    具有行业背景的高校在更名时纷纷脱掉行业的外衣,导致行业高校校名趋同、办学定位模糊,品牌效应缺失,校史断裂,因此呼吁行业高校更名的理性回归是必要的。加强学科之间的融合,弘扬独具特色的校园文化,国家加大对行业高校的扶持力度,则为行业高校更名理性回归提供了可行性。%When the colleges and take off the profession icons. In the universities with the profession background change case of colleges and universities' names changing their names, they usually towards convergence and monotony, the orientation of running a school becoming fuzzy, the lack of brand effect and history disruption, it is necessary and feasible to call on professional universities to return to the rational renaming. Wuhan Textile University restarts its original names, beneficial for the development of professional University. Taking Wuhan Textile University renaming history for an example, this paper analyzes the reason why these colleges and universities change their names, the current situation after they have changed their names, and the condition for these colleges and universities to rename with the rational regression.

  10. Bulgarian Folk Music. Fulbright-Hays Summer Seminars Abroad, 1997. (Romania and Bulgaria).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scanlan, Mary

    This report focuses on rhythmic meters characteristic of Bulgarian folk music. Folk instruments, attire, music history, and methods of learning the folk traditional music and dances are presented. Students prepare a lecture/recital to showcase their learning of this unit. The project is intended for use in an undergraduate music history course for…

  11. Happily Ever After: Sharing Folk Literature with Elementary and Middle School Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Young, Terrell A., Ed.

    2004-01-01

    As an instructional tool, folk literature can foster literacy, promote cultural awareness, and create connections with the content areas. Yet few resources provide background about folk literature and how to use it your classroom. "Happily Ever After" fills this gap with a reader-friendly collection of articles that define folk literature and its…

  12. The Degree and Cost Adjusted Folk Solution for Minimum Cost Spanning Tree Games

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Norde, H.W.

    2013-01-01

    Abstract: In this paper two cost sharing solutions for minimum cost spanning tree problems are introduced, the degree adjusted folk solution and the cost adjusted folk solution. These solutions overcome the problem of the classical reductionist folk solution as they have considerable strict ranking

  13. The Spanish Influence on the Mestizo Folk Dance of Yucatan, Veracruz, and Jalisco, Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trujillo, Lawrence Alan

    Folk dances from three regions of Mexico (Yucatan, Veracruz, and Jalisco) are examined. Emphasis is placed on the ways in which these folk dances reflect the history and cultural attitudes of the Mexican people and, particularly, on the influence of Spanish culture and history on Mexican folk dances. For the dances of each of these areas,…

  14. The Spanish Influence on the Mestizo Folk Dance of Yucatan, Veracruz, and Jalisco, Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trujillo, Lawrence Alan

    Folk dances from three regions of Mexico (Yucatan, Veracruz, and Jalisco) are examined. Emphasis is placed on the ways in which these folk dances reflect the history and cultural attitudes of the Mexican people and, particularly, on the influence of Spanish culture and history on Mexican folk dances. For the dances of each of these areas,…

  15. Predicting Variation of Folk Songs: A Corpus Analysis Study on the Memorability of Melodies

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Janssen, B.; Burgoyne, J.A.; Honing, H.

    We present a hypothesis-driven study on the variation of melody phrases in a collection of Dutch folk songs. We investigate the variation of phrases within the folk songs through a pattern matching method which detects occurrences of these phrases within folk song variants, and ask the question: do

  16. The folk-medicinal plants of Kadişehri (Yozgat – Turkey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammed İhsan Han

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper contains significant ethnobotanical information on folk-medicinal plants and their ethnopharmacological uses in Kadışehri. The aim of the study was mainly to collect and identify the plants used therapeutically by the local people, and to make available information about traditional herbal medicine. It was undertaken during the period 2011–2012 and is based on plants collected during field work. Fifty-six plants used in folk-medicine and belonging to 34 families were identified in this study. Of these, 48 species were wild, and 8 species were cultivated plants. The most common families were Rosaceae (12.5%, Lamiaceae (8.9% and Asteraceae (7.1%; and the most common preparations were decoctions (36.7%. In addition, a cultural importance index (CI and use report (UR were calculated for each species. Based on the CI, the most important plants were Cydonia oblonga (0.77, Ecballium elaterium (0.66, Urtica urens (0.66, Vitis vinifera (0.66, Plantago lanceolata (0.65, Plantago major subsp. major (0.65 and Rosa canina (0.62. We found three species of plant (Astragalus noaeanus, Populus ×canescens and Salvia cyanescens which had never before been reported to have medicinal properties.

  17. THE SYMBOLISM OF ORNAMENT IN RUSSIAN FOLK COSTUMES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valkevich S. I.

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available The article reveals the meaning of several Slavonic signs and symbols on the embroidered ornaments of Russian folk costumes and objects of domestic decor. The role of decoration of embroidered national costumes traces in the transmission of values and meanings of ethnic culture. Perpetuation of national cultural traditions in Russia

  18. American Folk Music and Folklore Recordings 1986: A Selected List.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Place, Jeffrey; And Others

    Much of the heritage of the United States has been preserved in folk music and folklore. The recordings presented in this list have been instrumental in preserving this heritage and serve as valuable resources for students, teachers, and libraries. These recordings were selected by a panel of experts in the fields of folklore and ethnomusicology.…

  19. Ladrillo and Tales of Juan Bobo: Puerto Rican Folk Tales.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matos, Reinaldo; Matos, Ana

    These two illustrated elementary readers contain the Spanish and English versions of the Puerto Rican folk tales, "Ladrillo" and "Cuentos de Juan Bobo." They are part of a series of reading materials for elementary-level migrant children. These materials are intended to help the child relate to his culture, develop interest in knowing about it and…

  20. A Different Approach to Teaching Social Studies: Folk Songs History

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tangülü, Zafer

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of teaching and learning the subjects of Social Studies with folk songs in secondary school students. This study is made in 2012-2013 Academic Year Spring Term with seventh grade students studying in secondary school bounded Mugla Provincial Directorate for National Education. 67 students have…

  1. Folk Beliefs about Second Language Learning and Teaching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pasquale, Michael

    2011-01-01

    What do students and teachers believe about the second language learning process? What if these beliefs are in conflict with each other or with prevailing applied linguistic theories? These are the types of questions that are investigated within folk linguistic research. Some researchers have taken a quantitative approach that relied on…

  2. "Folk" Understandings of Quality in UK Higher Hospitality Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wood, Roy

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of the evolution of "folk" understandings of quality in higher hospitality education and the consequent implications of these understandings for current quality concerns in the field. Design/methodology/approach: The paper combines a historical survey of the stated topic…

  3. Bringing the "Folk" into Applied Linguistics: An Introduction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilton, Antje; Stegu, Martin

    2011-01-01

    As applied linguistics is mainly concerned with solving the language-related problems of laypeople, the examination of folk views constitutes an important research field and its relevance is illustrated in this issue of the AILA review. In this introductory article, we address some of the more general aspects that need to be considered in the…

  4. "Folk" Understandings of Quality in UK Higher Hospitality Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wood, Roy

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of the evolution of "folk" understandings of quality in higher hospitality education and the consequent implications of these understandings for current quality concerns in the field. Design/methodology/approach: The paper combines a historical survey of the stated topic…

  5. A GRIPHOS Application of Bartok's Turkish Folk Music Material.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suchoff, Benjamin

    Bela Bartok's study of Turkish folk music classification was analyzed using permuted indices by means of GRIPHOS computer programs. A data base was constructed which would allow retrieval of information in terms of theme locater and first text-line indices. Data bases of tabulations much like the kind Bartok manually assembled were created to test…

  6. Ladrillo and Tales of Juan Bobo: Puerto Rican Folk Tales.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matos, Reinaldo; Matos, Ana

    These two illustrated elementary readers contain the Spanish and English versions of the Puerto Rican folk tales, "Ladrillo" and "Cuentos de Juan Bobo." They are part of a series of reading materials for elementary-level migrant children. These materials are intended to help the child relate to his culture, develop interest in…

  7. Ladrillo and Tales of Juan Bobo: Puerto Rican Folk Tales.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matos, Reinaldo; Matos, Ana

    These two illustrated elementary readers contain the Spanish and English versions of the Puerto Rican folk tales, "Ladrillo" and "Cuentos de Juan Bobo." They are part of a series of reading materials for elementary-level migrant children. These materials are intended to help the child relate to his culture, develop interest in…

  8. On Translation of Chinese Folk Culture Based on Skopos Theory-A Case Study of Commentary of Folk Custom Gallery in Ningbo Museum

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Tang

    2016-01-01

    Folk culture plays an indispensable role in the Chinese culture. Therefore, as cultural exchanges between countries be-come more and more frequent, promoting the folk culture has a profound effect on enhancement of cultural soft power. Further-more, this paper has explored translation of commentary of Folk Custom Gallery in Ningbo Museum and summarized six trans-lation methods based on Skopos theory.

  9. Visual-emotional elements of folk dance in the structure of pupils' writing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jovanović Aleksandar M.

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Familiarizing the pupils with the concept of folk dance. Folk dance as a part of folk lore. The elements of folk dance (music, song, costume, coreography. Observing integral elements. Syncretism. Describing observed and experienced phenomena. Description of dynamic artistic image. Description of folk dance introduces pupils for observation and appreciation. First to be described are easily observable, dominant elements, to be followed by other details which can be observed by pupils and which are conditional on their psychical and emotional abilities.

  10. 民间服饰中的辟邪现象%Representations of exorcism on folk dresses

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙晔; 崔荣荣

    2012-01-01

    民间服饰中的辟邪现象体现了民间驱邪求吉的生存心理.它以各种物化的形式在民间服饰中表现出来,使民间服饰成为辟邪意识的直观载体.本文从服饰文化的起源与历史发展的角度出发,对民间服饰中的辟邪现象进行了深入研究,论述了民间服饰中辟邪现象的普遍特征,分析辟邪现象的形式表现与禁忌,阐述了辟邪现象中蕴含的文化因素:原始的生命崇拜意识、象征性的思维、二元对立的思想观、朴素的辩证思维,以及万物有灵的思想观,并指出这些文化因素仍然影响着现代人的思维与行为方式.%Representations of exorcism on folk dresses reflect the common survival psychology of exorcising for auspiciousness, which displays with all sorts of materialized forms on folk dresses, taking folk dresses as the visual carrier. In terms of the origin of clothing culture and the historical development, this article makes a deep research on exorcism on folk dresses, discussing its common features, analyzing the forms of representation and taboos, explaining cultural factors containedin it: consciousness of primitive life worship, symbolic thought, dual antagonistic view, simple dialectical thinking and the view of animism. All these are still influencing the thinking and behavior of modern people.

  11. A Zeybek folk dance in Blacksea region: Sepetçioğlu

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gülşah Yüksel

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 21 false false false TR X-NONE X-NONE MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 Productions of folk literature consist of emotions, desires, needs, social textures, life dynamisms as well as all accepted behaviours and toughts of a society. Folk dances which is a one dimension of folk literature conveys clues of events that happened in the history up to current times. Story of Sepetcioğlu represents a folk hero who stands for protecting its people. As a version of “zeybek” folk dances, Sepetcioğlu takes an important place in Turkish culture with its swift figures, its story and with its folk song. This study aims document characteristics of Sepetçioğlu folk dance, including its song and its story.

  12. Traditions and Inovations of Yarns in Lithuanian Folk Fabrics (19th Century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Inga NĖNIENĖ

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available It is actually for history of textile technologies and Lithuanian culture heritage to investigate deeply peculiarities of manufacturing and appearance of folk textile, to establish local and global tendencies of their distribution. This investigation seeks to discover alternation of home weaving traditions establishing raw material of yarns, types of yarn structure and features of threads colours in authentic folk fabrics used in Lithuanian villages in the 19th century in peasants clothing and showing yarns types territorial distribution in Lithuanian regions Žemaitija and Aukštaitija. It was investigated 468 pieces of clothing of this period from the album saved in National M. K. Čiurlionis Museum of Art. It is unexpected that cotton yarns are very common in warp of hand made clothing fabrics at the end of the 19th century. Cotton yarns replaced flax and wool in warp. It was established that plied yarns dominate in warp and plain yarns – in weft. Fancy dyed, mouline, melange and yarns with multiplex winding were identificated in the fabrics. Also it was innovative to found the metallic thread in weft of two examples of the fabrics. Frequency of colours distribution was established analyzing colours of yarns. The analysis of territorial distribution of fancy yarns types showed the tendency to spread the novelties of yarns and threads in traditional textile from the West part of the country.DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5755/j01.ms.19.2.4436

  13. Traditions and Inovations of Yarns in Lithuanian Folk Fabrics (19th Century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Inga NĖNIENĖ

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available It is actually for history of textile technologies and Lithuanian culture heritage to investigate deeply peculiarities of manufacturing and appearance of folk textile, to establish local and global tendencies of their distribution. This investigation seeks to discover alternation of home weaving traditions establishing raw material of yarns, types of yarn structure and features of threads colours in authentic folk fabrics used in Lithuanian villages in the 19th century in peasants clothing and showing yarns types territorial distribution in Lithuanian regions Žemaitija and Aukštaitija. It was investigated 468 pieces of clothing of this period from the album saved in National M. K. Čiurlionis Museum of Art. It is unexpected that cotton yarns are very common in warp of hand made clothing fabrics at the end of the 19th century. Cotton yarns replaced flax and wool in warp. It was established that plied yarns dominate in warp and plain yarns – in weft. Fancy dyed, mouline, melange and yarns with multiplex winding were identificated in the fabrics. Also it was innovative to found the metallic thread in weft of two examples of the fabrics. Frequency of colours distribution was established analyzing colours of yarns. The analysis of territorial distribution of fancy yarns types showed the tendency to spread the novelties of yarns and threads in traditional textile from the West part of the country.DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5755/j01.ms.19.2.4436

  14. Folk Calendar of Czechs and Slovaks through the Lens of Language. Review of the book: Valentsova, M. M. (2016. Narodnyi kalendar chekhov i slovakov. Etnolingvisticheskii aspekt [The Folk Calendar of Czechs and Slovaks. An Ethnolinguistic Aspect]. Moscow: Indrik

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olga V. Morgunova (Atroshenko

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available The paper reviews the recent book by Marina Valentsova The Folk Calendar of Czechs and Slovaks investigating into the lexicographic, semantic, genetic and structural aspects of the study of folk calendar. The book pays special attention to Czech and Slovak chrononymy and, thus, is of interest for onomatologists. The reviewer acknowledges the abundance of the studied linguistic and ethno-cultural data retrieved from a large number of sources including those previously unpublished and describes the Czech and Slovak dictionaries presented in the book under review: according to the reviewer, one of the author's achievements is the elaboration of the structure of an encyclopedic article most appropriate for the ethnolinguistic interpretation of lexis. Such a structure enables not only to elicit the linguistic links of calendar terms, but also to describe the corresponding realia and their relations. The other parts of the book that discuss the key issues in the study of Czech and Slovak calendar terminology appear to be of no less value. All the studied materials are divided into five groups: chrononyms as such; names of rites and ritual actions; names of ritual objects; names of actors; names of calendar folk elements. The author gives a comprehensive description of formal, semantic and symbolic properties of common nouns and proper names constituting these five groups of lexis, focusing on the comparative analysis of the Czech and Slovak traditions. The reviewed work is characterized as an innovative research that offers new challenges for scholars from various fields of humanities.

  15. Climate change adaptation strategy for the Folk Communities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Abdul-Al-Pavel, Muha.; Khan, Mohammed Abu Sayed Arfin; Rahman, Syed Ajijur

    2013-01-01

    In Bangladesh, impacts on agriculture from extreme climate are increasingly vulnerable. On the other hand, folk communities are intensely depending on agriculture for their livelihoods. Climate change has already negatively affected the vegetable production by annual recurrent flood in Bangladesh....... This study is an assessment of the new vegetable production system that could adopt in a changing climatic condition. With the popular eight vegetable species, the field experiment consisted of four treatments which were conducted in the bags. However, treatment (TD) which consisted of Coriander (Coriander...... of this study might be helpful for the flood affected folk communities produce vegetables for their own consumption and income. Likewise, new experiments with altered technique and vegetable species are recommended to conclusively develop climate change adaptation strategies for flood prone areas....

  16. Revolt of Grannies: The Bursylysyas Komi Folk Orthodox Movement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Piret Koosa

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available We study the role of women in the Bursylysyas Komi folk orthodox movement. Throughout the history of the movement, women have gradually gained more authority in this religious community. The initial stage of communist rule and the final phase of the Soviet Union were periods in which women’s domination in local religious life was most obvious. We argue that men lost their leadership in the movement because their way of execution of religious power was public and thus they became targets for Soviet repression. Komi women continued to keep the Bursylysyas faith alive, although they did so in a more domestic, hidden way. This enabled women to lead local religious practise throughout the Soviet period. In addition, the peculiar ecstatic practices of Bursylysyas, most fully developed during the initial period of Soviet rule, were more suitable for women in the framework of Komi traditional folk religiosity.

  17. General Hospital and Personal Use Devices: Renaming of Pediatric Hospital Bed Classification and Designation of Special Controls for Pediatric Medical Crib; Classification of Medical Bassinet. Final rule.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-12-19

    The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is issuing a final rule to rename pediatric hospital beds as pediatric medical cribs and establish special controls for these devices. FDA is also establishing a separate classification regulation for medical bassinets, previously under the pediatric hospital bed classification regulation, as a class II (special controls) device. In addition, this rule continues to allow both devices to be exempt from premarket notification and use of the device in traditional health care settings and permits prescription use of pediatric medical cribs and bassinets outside of traditional health care settings.

  18. Seeing the Hani People’s Traditional Ecological Understanding from the Perspective of Folk Literature

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li Guangrong

    2016-01-01

    The Hani’s rich folk literature has preserved their traditional culture. Interpreting it from the perspective of ecological culture may lead us to the conclusion that the Hani’s traditional eco-logical understanding is that of a harmonious rela-tionship between man and nature. This ecological understanding is similar to that of other ethnic groups in Yunnan, such as the Bai, Dai, Wa, Yao, Naxi, Jingpo, Bulang, and other ethnic groups, which shows that this ecological under-standing is common across the Chinese nation. Meanwhile, this ecological understanding has an enlightening role for human beings to keep the eco-logical balance in the present day. This article tries to investigate the deep connection between the Hani’s folk literature and the natural ecology, and reveals the Hani’s traditional ecological under-standing. 1 . The Hani’s traditional ecological under-standing is revealed in their folk literature The Hani have no fairy tales in the strict sense, their literature is a kind of“universal litera-ture” enjoyed by both adults and children. Howev-er, the Hani’s folk literature also created a roman-tic world similar to that of fairy tales. This “fairy tale world” is just the world of nature reflected in the Hani’s literature. The typical characteristics of this world are harmony and happiness. In this har-monious and happy world, mountains are a para-dise for man and all other things on earth. In this paradise, man is only a part of nature, they are not the spirit or the core of the world. Man, animals and plants have their own places, and their own happiness. Meanwhile, they support each other, and have a common development. In a word, man and nature have a highly harmonious relationship. When environmental protection and ecological bal-ance become a common topic in today’s discourse, one can gain some insight by reading Hani fairy tales and legends. Therefore, digging out the eco-logical beauty from Hani folk literature still has a

  19. Intentional Action in Folk Psychology: An Experimental Investigation

    OpenAIRE

    Knobe, Joshua

    2003-01-01

    Four experiments examined people’s folk-psychological concept of intentional action. The chief question was whether or not evaluative considerations — considerations of good and bad, right and wrong, praise and blame — played any role in that concept. The results indicated that the moral qualities of a behavior strongly influence people’s judgements as to whether or not that behavior should be considered ‘intentional.’ After eliminating a number of alternative explanations, the author conclud...

  20. Motivational Underpinnings of Estonian Folk Dance Practices among the Estonian Diaspora over Time

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eha Rüütel

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available This article is a part of a wider research on Estonian folk dance, aiming to map the emergence of folk dance groups and to study the practices and role of folk dance among the Estonian diaspora. The article sets out to explore incentives contributing to intergenerational transmission of Estonian folk dance tradition. 54 interviews (21 men and 33 women aged 38 to 87 were carried out with Estonians living in Australia, Canada, Germany, Great Britain, Sweden and the United States. The analysis of the interviews is based on two research questions: 1 What incentives have guided Estonians’ folk dance activity in historical perspective from World War II until today? 2 What qualities originating in Estonian folk dance have motivated people to carry on Estonian folk dance practices? The principles of grounded theory were used in the analysis of interviews. The article discusses the results of two sets of analyses. Motivational changes in folk dance as a leisure pursuit have brought into focus three historical periods of folk dance transmission. Incentives originating from dance and dancing (self-expression, self-determination, cooperation, emotion, physical training and the external qualities accompanying dance and dancing (socialising, ‘Estonianness’, tradition are discussed in the context of continuity of Estonian folk dance tradition among the Estonian diaspora.

  1. Queer as Folk and the trouble with slash

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kyra Hunting

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available The Showtime TV series Queer as Folk (2000–2005 brought same-sex relationships and sex scenes to prime-time television, putting the stuff of slash up on the small screen. Despite incorporating many slash tropes into the canonical text, Queer as Folk troubles many of the traditional assumptions about how fan fiction and slash operate, particularly the association of slash with subversion. The intertextual relationship between canonically queer texts and their attendant fandoms requires new frameworks for exploring traditional fan fiction subgenres such as slash. When the canonical text itself is queer, gestures and genres that have generally been considered subversive can in fact be more conservative than the canonical text itself. When the political stakes of a canonical series are clear and explicitly progressive, the intertextual relationship between canon and fandom can be particularly important and uniquely problematic, as this case study of Queer as Folk demonstrates in its assessment of the complexities that arise when the canon itself is queer.

  2. Folk medicinal uses of Verbenaceae family plants in Bangladesh.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rahmatullah, Mohammed; Jahan, Rownak; Azam, F M Safiul; Hossan, S; Mollik, M A H; Rahman, Taufiq

    2011-01-01

    Folk medicinal practitioners form the first tier of primary health-care providers to most of the rural population of Bangladesh. They are known locally as Kavirajes and rely almost solely on oral or topical administration of whole plants or plant parts for treatment of various ailments. Also about 2% of the total population of Bangladesh are scattered among more than twenty tribes residing within the country's borders. The various tribes have their own tribal practitioners, who use medicinal plants for treatment of diseases. The objective of the present survey was to conduct an ethnomedicinal survey among the Kavirajes and tribal practitioners to determine which species of plants belonging to the Verbenaceae family are used by the practitioners. The Verbenaceae family plants are well known for constituents having important bio-active properties. The present survey indicated that 13 species belonging to 8 genera are used by the folk and tribal medicinal practitioners of Bangladesh. A comparison of their folk medicinal uses along with published reports in the scientific literature suggests that the Verbenaceae family plants used in Bangladesh can potentially be important sources of lead compounds or novel drugs for treatment of difficult to cure debilitating diseases like malaria and rheumatoid arthritis.

  3. Computational Drafting of Plot Structures for Russian Folk Tales.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gervás, Pablo

    The plots of stories are known to follow general patterns in terms of their overall structure. This was the basic tenet of structuralist approaches to narratology. Vladimir Propp proposed a procedure for the generation of new tales based on his semi-formal description of the structure of Russian folk tales. This is one of the first existing instances of a creative process described procedurally. The present paper revisits Propp's morphology to build a system that generates instances of Russian folk tales. Propp's view of the folk tale as a rigid sequence of character functions is employed as a plot driver, and some issues that Propp declared relevant but did not explore in detail-such as long-range dependencies between functions or the importance of endings-are given computational shape in the context of a broader architecture that captures all the aspects discussed by Propp. A set of simple evaluation metrics for the resulting outputs is defined inspired on Propp's formalism. The potential of the resulting system for providing a creative story generation system is discussed, and possible lines of future work are discussed.

  4. Social Representations and Social Identity in Swedish Folk High Schools: an application of Duveen and Lloyd

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andersen, A.

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available This article extends Duveen’s work on social representations and social gender identity by discussing how it can be applied to the context of Swedish folk high school participants’ social representations of folk high school and university, then examines the influence of these representations on participants’ desires and ambitions to progress to university. Adopting Duveen’s framework to analyze several previous data regarding folk high schools (i.e., a document study of folk high school teachers’ magazines, an association study on folk high school participants, and interviews with folk high school participants, I seek to illustrate in this article how most premises concerning the formation of children’s social identity (as described by Duveen also hold for adults entering a new social context.

  5. Report: Studies on antibacterial activity of some traditional medicinal plants used in folk medicine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Israr, Fozia; Hassan, Fouzia; Naqvi, Baqir Shyum; Azhar, Iqbal; Jabeen, Sabahat; Hasan, S M Farid

    2012-07-01

    Ethanolic extracts of eight medicinal plants commonly used in folk medicine were tested for their antibacterial activity against four Gram positive strains (Bacillus subtilis, Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis and, Streptococcus pneumoniae) and six Gram negative strains (Escherichia coli, Proteus vulgaris, Proteus mirabilis. Salmonella typhi para A, Salmonella typhi para B and Shigella dysenteriae) that were obtained from different pathological laboratories located in Karachi, Pakistan. Disc diffusion method was used to analyze antibacterial activity. Out of eight, five medicinal plants showed antibacterial activity against two or more than two microbial species. The most effective antimicrobial plant found to be Punica granatum followed by Curcuma zedoaria Rosc, Grewia asiatica L and Carissa carandas L, Curcuma caesia Roxb respectively. From these results, it is evident that medicinal plants could be used as a potential source of new antibacterial agents.

  6. IDENTIFICATION, QUANTIFICATION AND ANALYSIS OF THE ETHNOGRAPHIC POTENTIAL OF FOLK SONGS SPECIFIC TO BIHOR, ROMANIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Grigore Vasile HERMAN

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The present study aims to identify, quantify and analyse the tourism potential offered by folk songs specific to Bihor, or by the triad folk music - folk ensemble - specific event. This approach is necessary in the context of the evolution and rise of tourism in the last period, together with the needs and expectations of tourists to spend their time in a more pleasant and also active way, integrated in the life of host communities.

  7. Traditional Ukrainian songs as performed by folk choirs of ‘Sloboda’ Ukraine

    OpenAIRE

    Vlada Rusina

    2013-01-01

    In the context of the worldwide globalization processes the issues pertaining to the quest for national identity acquire a particular signifi cance. This is true in the case of Ukraine as a newly independent state in the establishment and consolidation phase. In the conditions marked by a general obliteration of folk customs and traditions it is folk amateur choirs/gatherings (hurts) that often become vehicles of folk culture. This study presents rare records of traditional Ukrainian songs...

  8. Conservation and Development of Central Thai Folk Music for Cultural Inheritance

    OpenAIRE

    Thipsuda Imjai; Ying Keeratiburana; Marisa Koseyayothin

    2013-01-01

    Folk music of Central Thailand is an artistic performance and an important cultural heritage of Thais that is in need of conservation, revitalization and development. The performance factors of all 5 folk music bands studied in the research were similar in areas of 1) performance stages. 2) Similar traditional clothing. 3) Music instruments. 4) Light and sound. 5) The amount of performers was selected according to appropriateness. The difficulties of Central Thailand folk music are 1) Declini...

  9. RENAMING IN THE YOUTH SOCIOLECT Переименование в молодежном социолекте

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shemchuk Y. M.

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available The main aim of the article is to give the definition of the renaming as a special linguistic phenomenon of the youth sociolect. The article analyses the youth renamings by studying neologisms which appeared in the language as a result of word-building processes and metaphorical transfer of meaning. The article deals with the renamings constituting the part of the innovating vocabulary of young people of today

  10. THEMES AND MOTIVES OF ORNAMENT FOLK EMBROIDERY IN THE RUSSIAN NORTH IN XVIII CENTURY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valkevich S. I.

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available The article discloses a feature of graphic ornamental motives of embroidery in clothing and household decoration, typical for the North-West region of Russia in the XVIII century. The semiotic status of the Russian clothing and household decorations with decorative ornaments embroidery with figurative ornamental motives as a group of functionally related items have remained very high, having both utilitarian and sign pragmatics for millennia. Despite the sociohistorical processes, changing the external shape of the suit, the symbolism of embroidery patterns remained unchanged and continued to exist until the twentieth century. In connection with the political events, readier subjects and fine motives can be traced in the Russian folk embroidery due to the resettlement of Novgorod in the XV century. This is the way from Novgorod to Arkhangelsk and the path from Veliky Novgorod to Vologda where Novgorod settled, keeping their culture. It is proved, that there is a correlation between the zoomorphic pendants, amulets female ornaments of the tenth century and plot embroidered with iconic ornamental motives of the North-West region of Russia. People piously observed the laws of their fathers and grandfathers. The embroidery from generation to generation has been portraying images of ancient mythology. The most common images in the northern Russian embroidery were the goddess of Mokos, Rozhanitsy, birds, horses, moose, deer, and wild animals and plants, depicted in subject compositions. The zoomorphic motives are also the images of flying dragons, symbolizing lightning, they are often found in Russian folk tales. Fire Dragon was considered the protector of property and fire. The people’s attitude to fire was special: it was called "You sir, the King-fire", and it was regards’ a god. One of the main roles in the embroidery is given to the technical side. Counted Russian embroidery stitches do not only recreate the image, but also express its

  11. THE RING IN THE FOLK STORIES-HALK ANLATILARINDA YÜZÜK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yaprak Pelin Uluışık

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available A ring is not just a piece of jewelry that indicates commitment, endless unity and loyalty; it is a symbol that has a chain of common meanings intertwined with similar features in different geographies. It is seen that rings in myths, epics, legends, fairy tales and folk stories provide features such as power, control, wisdom, youth, earthly and spiritual prosperity, good fortune, invisibility, shape changing, talking with plants and animals. Heroes wearing these rings that protect the human soul from the evil will not suffer in any way. In the stories of the west, it is often mentioned about cursed rings that effects its owner in a bad manner and brings only bad luck. These rings, located in places that can be associated with the underground such as the ground, the hole, the cave and the water bed, are given to the heroes by supernatural beings or wise men. Supernatural beings, such as demons or giants, are trapped in these rings, many of which are magical, as slaves of the rings at an unknown time. When the hero rubs his ring, reverses it, puts it in his mouth; when he hits the ring or whistles to it, the slave of the ring comes out and asks the hero for his wish. This wish is carried out by the slave right after the hero tells the slave what he wishes. In this article, many examples from the Chinese myths to the Arabic tales, from the Babylonian Talmud to the descriptions of Scandinavian, Celtic, Welsh, French and Spanish culture have been examined in order to determine the characteristics of the rings mentioned in folkloric tales. In addition, many examples of Turkish folk literature from Dede Korkut to Anatolian tales were also discussed.

  12. Use of folk tests to detect ciguateric fish: a scientific evaluation of their effectiveness in Raivavae Island (Australes, French Polynesia).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Darius, H T; Drescher, O; Ponton, D; Pawlowiez, R; Laurent, D; Dewailly, E; Chinain, M

    2013-01-01

    Ciguatera fish poisoning is a seafood intoxication commonly afflicting island communities in the Pacific. These populations, which are strongly dependent on fish resources, have developed over centuries various strategies to decrease the risk of intoxication, including the use of folk tests to detect ciguateric fish. This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of two folk tests commonly used in Raivavae Island (Australes, French Polynesia): the rigor mortis test (RMT) and the bleeding test (BT). A total of 107 fish were collected in Raivavae Lagoon, among which 80 were tested by five testers using the RMT versus 107 tested by four testers using BT. First, the performance between testers was compared. Second, the efficiency of these tests was compared with toxicity data obtained via the receptor binding assay (RBA) by assessing various parameter's values such as sensitivity (Se), specificity (Sp), positive predictive value (PPV) and negative predictive value (NPV). Comparisons of outcomes between folk tests and RBA analyses were considered: tests used separately or in a parallel versus the series approach by each tester. The overall efficiency of the RMT and BT tests was also evaluated when the judgments of all testers were "pooled". The results demonstrate that efficiencies varied between testers with one showing the best scores in detecting toxic fish: 55% with RMT and 69.2% with BT. BT gave the best results in detecting toxic fish as compared with RMT, giving also better agreement between testers. If high NPV and Se values were to be privileged, the data also suggest that the best way to limit cases of intoxication would be to use RMT and BT tests in a parallel approach. The use of traditional knowledge and a good knowledge of risky versus healthy fishing areas may help reduce the risk of intoxication among communities where ciguatera fish poisoning is highly prevalent.

  13. Consciousness, free will, and moral responsibility: Taking the folk seriously.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shepherd, Joshua

    2015-10-03

    In this paper, I offer evidence that folk views of free will and moral responsibility accord a central place to consciousness. In sections 2 and 3, I contrast action production via conscious states and processes with action in concordance with an agent's long-standing and endorsed motivations, values, and character traits. Results indicate that conscious action production is considered much more important for free will than is concordance with motivations, values, and character traits. In section 4, I contrast the absence of consciousness with the presence of consciousness in behaviorally identical agents. Most participants attribute free will to conscious agents, but not to nonconscious agents. Focusing in particular on two leading views of free will and moral responsibility, namely, Deep Self and Reasons-Responsive Views, I argue that these results present philosophers of mind and action with the following explanatory burden: develop a substantive theory of the connection between consciousness on the one hand and free will and moral responsibility on the other that takes folk views on this connection seriously.

  14. SOCIAL-PEDAGOGICAL POTENTIAL OF FOLK GAMES IN INCLUSIVE EDUCATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. A. Lakhin

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available In the article the author reviewed the specifics of using game technologies in inclusive education. The article represents the description of main approaches to the problem  that  has  great  educational  importance  as mainly in the process of game there is profound changing in the child’s mentality and most important mental formations of age appear. The object of research is the inclusive education of children and adolescents with folk games. The article deals with the research of the game algorithms which develop the abilities of transforming skills, possessing the basis of culture, the feeling of national identity and socially valuable types of conduct in the process of involving children in the folk game. The author analyses game as means of developing, bringing up, teaching and adaptive potential. In the context of this process the role of game is discussed to be the most important social and cultural phenomenon. The author describes the comprehensive diagnosis of the level of social and moral development of children.

  15. Folk Music and Commercialization in Danubian Trances and Boheme

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barbara Rose Lange

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Hungary participates in the Central European narrative of rejuvenation and renewal through EDM, but the commercialization of remixes has disturbed that account. Hungarians debate the meanings of two different CD projects: Deep Forest’s 1995 album Boheme and Károly Cserepes’s 2003 album Danubian Trances: mikroworld–ambient. Hungarian fans praise Danubian Trances as an elegant update of national sensibility. Boheme’s remixes of Hungarian and Romani folksong have earned a very different response, from shock at the cuts that Deep Forest made to folk song recordings to anger about cultural appropriation. Hungarians have reflected that Boheme, like many West European firms, extracted a resource from the country. By contrast, they view their own remixing of folk music from the peoples of the former Austro-Hungarian Empire as having continuity with other genres that elevate folksong. I argue that where commerce encounters a previous practice of elevating music aesthetically and morally, it may further marginalize that practice but it does not change its character.

  16. FOLK DWELLING IN THE NOVEL OF IVAN BAHRIANYI "TYHROLOVY"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    BOGUSLAVSKAYA L. G.

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Statement of the problem. The image of the national home contains a number of basic characteristics on the basis of which can be traced specifically to the national vision and principles of human connections with the material world. In the novel "Tyhrolovy" the uniqueness of this play lies in the fact that the “Ukrainian Khata” consolidated among the "alien" space. On the pages of the novel takes place already well-established, self-sufficient and organized life of an Ukrainian family that not only survived, but also learned new vital dimension. Folk housing in the context appears as the main object of maintaining tribal affiliation to the Ukrainian land. The purpose of the article. To perform the folk characteristic properties at home in the works of Ivan Bahrianyi. Conclusions. Roman "Tyhrolovy" Ivan Bahrianyi contains a number of significant parts filled with the symbols of tribal affiliation to the Ukrainian world. In particular, fully preserved and carefully restored in the family home of Sirko the guard function of these important components of the domestic home space, like images, embroidered towels, oven painted with flowers, carved cupboard. A combination feature of former agricultural world with the world of game is transmitted via the zoomorphic elements of the painting ovens ( former peace doves have become falcons and deploying a visual of the number of images that are typical for Ukrainian dwelling as the basic form of fixation of life and family development.

  17. The Celebration of Death: Two Folk Tales about DEath. Mini-Module.

    Science.gov (United States)

    African-American Inst., New York, NY. School Services Div.

    This module contains two African folk tales about death, two descriptions of African funerals, a lesson plan with 11 questions exploring the finality of and customs surrounding death, and a bibliography of five books which deal with African religious beliefs. The folk tales present concepts of death and immortality of the soul. The descriptions of…

  18. Folk Linguistics and Language Teaching Education. A Case Study in an Italian Secondary School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santipolo, Matteo

    2016-01-01

    This paper, after shortly introducing "Folk Linguistics" by defining its domain of competence [cf. Preston, Dennis R., ed. 1999. "Handbook of Perceptual Dialectology." Amsterdam: John Benjamins; Niedzielski, Nancy A., and Dennis R. Preston. 2003. "Folk Linguistics." Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter], attempts to draw an…

  19. Using Folk Dance and Geography to Teach Interdisciplinary, Multicultural Subject Matter: A School-Based Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rovegno, Inez; Gregg, Madeleine

    2007-01-01

    Background: Many scholars have called for physical education to be part of interdisciplinary units at the elementary level. The study of Native American cultures is required in most North American elementary schools. Folk dance, however, has traditionally included Western European folk dances, square dance, and, more recently, line dancing. In our…

  20. Singing the Lives of the Buddha: Lao Folk Opera as an Educational Medium.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bernard-Johnston, Jean

    This dissertation explores the role of Lao folk opera as a medium for constructively addressing problems of cultural conflict and acculturative stress that have risen among lowland Lao refugees and their children in urban America. The central focus of the inquiry is on the ways Lao folk opera currently functions as a learning medium in the…

  1. Take a Walk on the Wild Side, with Folk Artist Jack Barker.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Delacruz, Elizabeth Manley

    1999-01-01

    Discusses the life and artwork of Jack Barker who became a folk artist after running a local gas station in Essex, Illinois. Explains that art educators view student interactions with folk artists like Barker as valuable because these artists embody a creative spirit and a thirst for knowledge about materials and processes. (CMK)

  2. Research on the Boost of Development on Young Children's Fine Motor by Folk Games

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wei, Xia

    2016-01-01

    As Chinese traditional folk culture, folk games have unique educational value which can boost the development of young children's fine motor. Based on previous investigation of fine motor skill of children in Nanchong, Sichuan Province, the researcher chose a middle class in public city kindergarten A with lower survey score as the study object.…

  3. [Protection, exploitation and utilization states of specialized Mongolian folk medicine resources and related development strategy].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Chun-hong; Man, Da; Wu, Guo-dong; Li, Zhen-hua; Zhao, Dong-dong; Liu, Yong; Li, Min-hui

    2015-03-01

    Mongolian folk medicine resource is the origin of Mongolian medicine development, even more important of which is the specialized Mongolian folk medicine resources with regional and high medicine quality, it processes distinctive national characteristics with irreplaceable important position in traditional Mongolian medicine. Nevertheless, due to the serious destroy of ecological environment and sharp increase of demands, etc. A lot of specialized Mongolian folk medicine resources were endangered, and there still existed some problems in the protection and exploitation and utilization. This paper intends to provide comprehensive insight into the species protection and exploitation and utilization states of specialized Mongolian folk medicine resources. The application and protection status and the existing problems were reviewed, and the development strategies of Mongolian folk medicine resource were analyzed.

  4. Southern Fujian Folk Dance Research in the Context of Folk Culture%民俗文化语境中的闽南民间舞蹈研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    翁世晖

    2015-01-01

    闽南民间舞蹈历史悠久,不仅保留有传统的祭祀乐舞,也保留了大量的生活劳动歌舞。闽南民间舞蹈文化反映了闽南地区民众的民间信仰习俗、生产生活习俗和节日习俗的演变及发展。本文从闽南民间舞蹈与民俗文化的关系入手,分析闽南民间舞的产生、社会功能、表现内容、传承载体。%Southern Fujian folk dance has a long history,not only retains the traditional ritual music and dance,but also reserves a large number of dance and songs originating from daily labor and life. Taiwanese folk dance culture reflects the evolution and development of folk beliefs,agricultural and living customs and festival customs of the people in Southern Fujian. The paper believes that the analysis of the emergence,development and evolution of folk dance culture should be based on the relationship between folk dance and folk culture.

  5. Folk Remedies and Child Abuse: A Review with Emphasis on Caida de Mollera and Its Relationship to Shaken Baby Syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hansen, Karen Kirhofer

    1998-01-01

    Reviews a variety of folk remedies such as coining (Southeast Asia), cupping (primarily Russia), and moxibustion (Asia), which may be confused with child abuse. It especially considers the Hispanic folk illness "caida de mollera" (fallen fontanelle) but rejects the idea in the literature that folk treatment can cause the injuries seen in…

  6. 盐城民俗文化中的禁忌%Taboos of Folk Culture in Yancheng

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈成宏

    2012-01-01

    禁忌是民俗文化的重要组成,它反映民间的一种精神状态和价值取向。今天人们在岁时节日、人际交往、婚丧喜庆及生产生活中仍有一定的禁忌。旧的禁忌有的消失了,新的禁忌又会产生。盐城地处苏北平原,东临黄海,境内河渠纵横,历史上盐、农、渔、商多业并举,民俗文化十分丰富,因而禁忌也特多。区域内诸方面的禁忌既体现了民族民俗文化的共性,也有其鲜明的区域文化个性,对其整理研究,有助于民俗文化遗产的传承与保护。%Taboo is an important component of the folk culture, which reflects the value orientation mad mental state. Nowadays, there are still taboos which existing in the festival, daily association, holy days, etc. Some outmoded taboos have gone out while new ones become popular. Yancheng is located in the northern Jiangsu Plain, east of Yellow Sea, canals criss - crossing. Salt in- dustry, agrienlture, fishery industry and trade were flourishing in history, thus there were a lot of taboos. The regional taboos of Yancheng not only showed the common folk culture, but also put up its vivid individualization. To sort and research the taboos in folk culture of Yancheng is helpful for its protection and inheritance.

  7. Using point-set compression to classify folk songs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Meredith, David

    2014-01-01

    -neighbour algorithm and leave-one-out cross-validation to classify the 360 melodies into tune families. The classifications produced by the algorithms were compared with a ground-truth classification prepared by expert musicologists. Twelve of the thirteen compressors used in the experiment were based...... on the discovery of translational equivalence classes (TECs) of maximal translatable patterns (MTPs) in point-set representations of the melodies. The twelve algorithms consisted of four variants of each of three basic algorithms, COSIATEC, SIATECCompress and Forth’s algorithm. The main difference between...... similarity between folk-songs for classification purposes is highly dependent upon the actual compressor chosen. Furthermore, it seems that compressors based on finding maximal repeated patterns in point-set representations of music show more promise for NCD-based music classification than general...

  8. Folk medicine in the Southwest. Myths and medical facts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trotter, R T

    1985-12-01

    The three folk illnesses described in this article--caida de mollera, susto, and empacho--can all be linked to recognized biologic conditions and therefore cannot be analyzed solely on the basis of sociocultural factors. Clearly, it would be a mistake to continue ignoring these syndromes in the Southwest on the assumption that they are "all in the mind" of Mexican-American patients. They must be assessed from the view that they are culturally different labels for serious medical conditions (eg, caida de mollera), that they are useful screening labels for patients with high disease loads (eg, susto), or that they are harmless in and of themselves but their treatment may have significant medical consequences (eg, empacho).

  9. Tonic, fortifier and aphrodisiac: adaptogens in the Brazilian folk medicine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fúlvio R. Mendes

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available In Brazil, many plants are used as tonic, fortifier, aphrodisiac, anti-stress, among other uses that are similar to the indications of an adaptogen. In general, such plants are used unspecifically, in situations of stress and fatigue, in the recovery after a previous pathological or debilitating state, or simply aiming at the maintenance of a healthy state. This article discusses the popular terms employed in the Brazilian folk medicine for the plants with this profile, their particularities and limitations. The article also discusses the possible mechanisms of action of an adaptogen and compares the main Brazilian plants used for that purpose: guarana (Paullinia cupana Kunth, family Sapindaceae, muirapuama (Ptychopetalum olacoides Benth., Olacaceae, catuaba (Anemopaegma arvense (Vell. Stellfeld & J.F. Souza, Bignoniaceae, and Trichilia catigua A. Juss., Meliaceae, nó-decachorro (Heteropterys aphrodisiaca O. Mach, Malpighiaceae, damiana (Turnera diffusa Willd. ex Schult., Turneraceae and pfaffia or Brazilian ginseng (Pfaffia sp, Amaranthaceae.

  10. Syncretism in Nordic folk medicine: critical periods during pregnancy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lily Weiser-Aall

    1969-01-01

    Full Text Available This article explores the traditions concerning the critical periods during pregnancy when the foetus is exposed to the risk of suffering serious injuries. There is a good deal of such traditions in more recent Nordic and European folklore. But these popular conceptions have merely been recorded without having ever been investigated as to their provenance. In studies of various details in recent Nordic tradition it is possible to establish a striking correspondence between, on the one hand, folk tradition and, on the other, learned publications and popular accounts in books on healing and midwifery. This actualizes an interest to investigate the beliefs about critical periods by a comparison with the theories of the learned tradition.

  11. The main sacrifice: Sacrificing own children in Slavic folk literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Đapović Lasta S.

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper discusses the work of M. Dragomanov "Slavs fables about sacrificing own children." These fables are divided into three groups whereas the second group is discussed here. This particular group includes fables on sacrificing one's own child (a son out of pity for the poor, a few tales from the Ukraine, Bulgaria, and two Serbian folk songs: Deacon Stefan and two angels, and True ordeal of the two God's angels. The analysis shows that all fables encourage merciful behavior. Bad behavior toward the poor, on the other hand, is always punished, and good, desirable behavior even if it includes sacrificing one's own child in order to cure the sick is always rewarded, whereas the sacrificed child becomes resurrected. Serbian folk songs also contain the motif of one's own child sacrifice in order to cure blind or mute people, and here the child gets resurrected too. However, these songs differ greatly from the fables. Namely, they encourage in the name of mercy, the breakdown of certain norms of socially desirable behaviors; like for example, work restrictions on Sundays-and this encouraged breakdown represents the main point of the songs. A request for sacrificing one's own child could have, in addition to altruism, other hidden meanings, for instance, a possible punishment due to the breakdown of religious norms. The songs have multiple layers and meanings. In a nutshell all documents assert the highest ethical principles of Christianity. Nonetheless, human sacrifice, which seems in opposition with Christian values, creates confusion and gives at the same time, a pagan note to these texts. However the author argues that all cited fables contain the connection: sacrifice-salvation-resurrection, which could point out to Christ's own sacrifice.

  12. Conservation and Development of Central Thai Folk Music for Cultural Inheritance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thipsuda Imjai

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Folk music of Central Thailand is an artistic performance and an important cultural heritage of Thais that is in need of conservation, revitalization and development. The performance factors of all 5 folk music bands studied in the research were similar in areas of 1 performance stages. 2 Similar traditional clothing. 3 Music instruments. 4 Light and sound. 5 The amount of performers was selected according to appropriateness. The difficulties of Central Thailand folk music are 1 Declining support from audiences, 2 Social and environment difficulties from the influx of modern forms of entertainment. 3 Low wages. 4 Problems with public cultural officials. The conservation of Central Thailand folk music can be done by 1 Central Thailand folk music artists should create and develop their importance, knowledge and skills. 2 Local communities should embrace and create cultural networks, 3 Government and private organizations should organize welfare services system to support cultural artists. 4 The cultural inheritance Central Thailand folk music can be accomplished through the education system by integrating Central Thailand folk music into local educational curriculums and through research studies.

  13. Position of Village Regulations and Folk Conventions in the Villager Autonomy System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jiaming; ZHOU

    2014-01-01

    The Villagers’ Charter of Self-government,as a senior form of village regulations and folk conventions,is the general charter of villagers’ self-government. It is a small constitution of villagers,so it holds an important position in the villager autonomy system. Such position gives the credit to both historic and realistic objective factors. Rise of state power,vacancy of legislation,accumulation of excellent traditional resources,and democracy and contract spirit in village regulations and folk conventions will certainly accelerate development of village regulations and folk conventions and promote gradual improvement in the villager autonomy system.

  14. Traditional Ukrainian songs as performed by folk choirs of ‘Sloboda’ Ukraine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vlada Rusina

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available In the context of the worldwide globalization processes the issues pertaining to the quest for national identity acquire a particular signifi cance. This is true in the case of Ukraine as a newly independent state in the establishment and consolidation phase. In the conditions marked by a general obliteration of folk customs and traditions it is folk amateur choirs/gatherings (hurts that often become vehicles of folk culture. This study presents rare records of traditional Ukrainian songs, some of them dating back to the 19th century, which the author made in the course of several field trips.

  15. Folk taxonomy and use of mushrooms in communities around Ngorongoro and Serengeti National Park, Tanzania

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Tibuhwa, Donatha Damian

    2012-01-01

    .... This study explored status of the folk taxonomy and uses of mushrooms in the two communities as a pave way for possibilities of introducing mushroom cultivation, an alternative crop which is hardly...

  16. Brazilian Folk Art as a possibility of multicultural teaching of the visual arts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amanda Cristina Figueira Bastos de Melo

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available The present article establishes an overview of the relationship between culture and the teaching of Art in Brazil, reflecting about multiculturalism in the teaching of Visual Arts through Folk Art. It is based on a literature review, analysis of works of art and their relation to multicultural issues. The study highlights the importance of Folk Art as a source of multicultural studies, as well as the need to deal with these issues within the school environment. There has not been much discussion about the topic, especially regarding Folk Art. The research concludes that it is possible to teach multicultural Art through an approach of the Folk Art, as it enables a better approximation to the learners’ universe and contribute for the development of their critical, reflexive and esthetic abilities.

  17. Folk national culture as a means of forming norms of communication in childhood

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chernushevich V. A.

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The best carriers of playing culture are children, who possess and enjoy it. Destroyed social kids’ structures, territorial kids’ associations (family, yard, village, street communities of children interrupted generally the process of culture transmission, reproduction and passing of communication tradition. And there is a need in social-state “revivification” (recovering folk games list and its’ players, enough for folk games reproduction process. Folk game includes particular properties of relations on the levels of physical and emotional, vocal interaction, imagery-symbolic filling, special features of clothes (all aspects of communication that constitute features of national culture of the nation and make from the nation the community of people very special and different from other communities and nations. Studying of correctional possibilities of folk games within the frames of playing agendas showed that their psychological and emotional resources provide the conditions for adoption by children the norms of communication.

  18. The Fairy-Folk Tale in Media Art: Reflections of Disney and Duvall.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Molloy, Toni

    1988-01-01

    Focuses on Walt Disney and Shelley Duvall, mass media producers who furnish children with fairy-folklore. Compares and contrasts what Disney and Duvall do and do not convey through their fairy-folk tales. (MS)

  19. Traditions and Inovations of Yarns in Lithuanian Folk Fabrics (19th Century)

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Inga NĖNIENĖ; Audronė RAGAIŠIENĖ; Eglė KUMPIKAITĖ

    2013-01-01

    ... tendencies of their distribution. This investigation seeks to discover alternation of home weaving traditions establishing raw material of yarns, types of yarn structure and features of threads colours in authentic folk fabrics used...

  20. An epidemiological description of a folk illness: a study of empacho in Guatemala.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weller, S C; Ruebush, T K; Klein, R E

    1991-06-01

    Although anthropologists have provided descriptions of many folk illnesses, few have systematically evaluated their prevalence and determined who is at greatest risk for acquiring them. This report attempts to provide a systematic description of the folk illness empacho including the symptoms that define it. Illness prevalence was estimated and subpopulations at greatest risk were identified from illness histories collected from a random sample of households in rural Guatemala. Empacho was found to constitute a distinct cluster of symptoms: diarrhea, vomiting, headache, and lack of appetite. It differed from other gastrointestinal illnesses in that headaches were more likely and stomachaches were less likely to be reported. Empacho was highly prevalent and occurred in adults and children. Further, results showed that although empacho was frequently diagnosed by residents, folk healers were rarely consulted for any illness. Nevertheless, a strong association exists between a household diagnosis of empacho and the use of folk healers by those households (p less than .001).

  1. The Danish Folk High School: Key to the Success of Democracy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foucault-Mohammed, Clara

    1989-01-01

    Describes the Danish Folk High School that was developed with the ideas of Nikolai Grundtvig. His primary purpose was to deepen the students' understanding of themselves as human beings and to magnify their concept of life. (JOW)

  2. Study on the Folk Costume Symbolization in Waterside Villages of Southern Yangtze in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CUI Rong-rong; TAO Hui; SHEN Lin-lin

    2007-01-01

    The folk costume in waterside villages of Southern Yangtze in China was notonly daily consumer goods, but also a symbol system of foR-custom culture. This symbol system was directly conveyed by a series medley shape signs, many-faceted color signs and decorated craft signs of pleated skirt. Its origination, accumulation, continual process and development were greatly associated with the life style and paddy culture of waterside villages, such as the folk religion, social life, artistic philosophy, regional culture, the landform of waterside villages and the humanity environment. So the folk costume was the significant sign of practical function and also the significative sign of folk traditional culture, both of which composed the costume cultural symbol system of waterside villages of Southern Yangtze called " integration of aesthetic and practical function".

  3. Folk toys in Central Thailand: Product development for a creative economy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wanna Pichetpruth

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Folk toys in Central Thailand are a part of local Thai local wisdom. Creative folk toys are a part of cultural heritage and Thai creative and sustainable economic development. So, this research aimed to study 1 the indigenous folk toys in central Thailand, 2 the toy production problems and solution guidelines, and 3 the toy product development for the creative economy. The study employed a qualitative research method. The target group consisted of the selected communities in Nonthaburi Province, Ayutthaya Province and Suphanburi Province and folk toy sources. The informants were: 15 folk toy enterprise presidents, government officers and local experts as the key informants, 45 folk toy enterprise members as the causal informants and 45 customers as the general informants. Data were collected by means of interview, observation, focus group discussion and workshop from field study. Qualitative data were analyzed by inductive analysis method with triangular verification and the research results were presented by a descriptive analysis method. The research results revealed that folk toys in Central Thailand were derived from local indigenous knowledge that was created and transmitted through the generations for at least 700 years. Most of the folk toys in Central Thailand were produced by natural, local and easily found materials, using natural colors. The beauty, styles and quality of natural and man-made children’s toys were based on parental competency. Moreover, creation of folk toys is a form of Thai handicraft. Thai people truly believe that toys are symbols of parental love and attention and the tools to build up children’s growth in terms of lifestyle and creative mind. The findings show that folk toys in Central Thailand are made of special soil, wood, bamboo, lan leaf, tan leaf and coconut shell. Folk toys are categorized in four groups: 1 fun toys, such as krataewien, explosive bamboo, king drum, nangkop drum, rhythm coconut shell

  4. Folk Narration and Literati,s Writing%民间叙事与文人写作

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄伦生

    2014-01-01

    民间叙事是民族文化的一个重要组成部分,它与文人写作共同构成了民族的文化传统,其最重要的载体是民间口传文本。随着社会文明的进步和文人写作群体的扩大,民间叙事一直处于“退行性演变”当中,小区域、小族群语言的原生口传作品日益消失,如何挖掘、甄别和保护民间叙事资源,延续本土文化的根,了解民间叙事和文人写作的边界与相互影响,成了重要的前提。%Folk narration is an important part of national culture, which forms the basis of the national cultural tradition, together with literati's writing. The most important form of folk narration is folk narrative text. With the development of civilization and the increase in literati's writing, folk narration has been in regressive evolution with the disappearance of some original oral narrative works created by certain small folk groups or regions. As an important prerequisite to identify, select and protect folk narration resources so as to preserve the root of the local folk culture, we need to understand the boundary and the mutual influence between folk narration and literati's writing.

  5. On Principles of Folk Culture Translation from the Perspective of Cognitive Linguistics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    延宏; 郭妮; 胡娜

    2015-01-01

    Folklore is the "living fossil" of our unique culture and the "essence" of Chinese traditional culture for thousands of years,whose translation study is of great historical and practical significance.This paper,by taking northern Shaanxi folk culture translation as the examples,attempts to discuss three main principles that should be followed in the creation process from the new perspective of cognitive linguistics,aiming at achieving a better output in Chinese folk culture.

  6. The characteristics of Ziyang folk songs%浅谈紫阳民歌之特色

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李磊; 鲍丽

    2013-01-01

    ZiYang folk songs is folk songs in the territory of the floorboard of ZiYang County in Shaanxi Province, in southern Shaanxi folk song is the most representative of the yeast. ZiYang folk song is divided into "folk songs", "minor", "folk songs", "flower drum","eight Cha","song","song of filial piety"and the"new folk song" dozen yeast. Their musical style is mostly a lyrical, narrative and more suitable for dance, acting, plot and reflect the character of complex expression of emotion, it is the people in the long-term labor created has been art treasures. ZiYang folk language vivid, melody sounds beautiful, with a distinctive local style and features.%紫阳民歌是产生流传在陕西省紫阳县境内民间歌曲的总称,是陕南地区民歌中最具代表的曲种。紫阳民歌分为“山歌”、“小调”、“风俗歌曲”、“花鼓”、“八岔”、“号子”、“孝歌”等和“新民歌”十几个曲种。其音乐风格大多有着较强的抒情性、叙事性和舞蹈性,适于表演动作、表达情节和反映人物复杂感情,它是紫阳人民在长期劳动中创造出来流传至今的艺术瑰宝。紫阳民歌语言形象生动,曲调优美动听,具有鲜明的地方风格和特色。

  7. Pierre Trudeau og den radikale vision om det identitetsløse folk

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Böss/Bøss, Michael

    2012-01-01

    En redegørelse for Pierre Trudeaus syn på det nationale og hans vision om canadierne som et folk, som ikke er baseret på kultur, men på borgerlige rettigheder.......En redegørelse for Pierre Trudeaus syn på det nationale og hans vision om canadierne som et folk, som ikke er baseret på kultur, men på borgerlige rettigheder....

  8. Clinical implications of a folk illness: empacho in mainland Puerto Ricans.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pachter, L M; Bernstein, B; Osorio, A

    1992-01-01

    The study of folk illnesses provides insight into client health beliefs and behaviors. This paper describes the expression of empacho in children living in a mainland Puerto Rican community. Etiology, symptom presentation, and treatment options in various health care sectors, as well as an investigation of overlapping folk/biomedical symptom domains are described. Implications regarding health and health care in the multicultural setting are discussed.

  9. Effect of Folk Dance Training on Blood Oxidative Stress Level, Lipids, and Lipoproteins

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Okdan Bora

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Folk dance is a form of physical activity which helps develop the ability to use the whole body in a coordinated way with music, and folk dancers’ characteristics vary according to the particular type of dance practised in a given geographic region. The aims of the study were to evaluate the effects of 12-week folk dance training on blood oxidative stress level, lipids, lipoproteins, as well as muscle damage markers and to define some physical and physiological properties of folk dancers. Material and methods. Thirty-eight healthy male folk dancers aged 21-28 years having an average of 11 years of dance training experience voluntarily participated in the study. All of the physical and physiological measurements and the blood analysis were performed twice, before and after the training period which focused on different regional dances (Caucasus, Bar, Zeybek, Spoon Dance, Thracian dances, and Horon. The training was done 2 hours per day (a total of 10 hours a week, during a 12-week-long period. Results. All the blood parameters were found to be within the specified reference ranges. The training programme had no significant effect on the blood lipid profile, whereas it was found to have positive effects on body fat (p ≤ 0.012, peak oxygen consumption (VO2peak; p = 0.000, muscle damage markers (creatine kinase, Δ% = −19.6, and total antioxidant capacity (p ≤ 0.002. Conclusions. Regular folk dance training was found to have positive effects on body fat, VO2peak, blood total antioxidant capacity, and muscle damage markers. Based on these results, the community should be encouraged to perform folk dance as a recreational physical activity, and public awareness should be raised about the health benefits of practising folk dances.

  10. The Cause of WanXi Folk Songs and music Characteristic%皖西民歌的成因及音乐特征

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄梅

    2014-01-01

    WanXi folk songs ,as an important branch of the Dabie Mountains , have distinct characteristics : both folk songs ,minor , and chant , chanting the words , rhythm and speed is relatively free . In the use of tuning , the symptoms of Pentatonic tuning is the most common ,following is five sound feather tuning and pentatonic Palace tuning , business transfer type , angle tuning barely , six sound and seven - tone style is rare . It different in pitch change and volume processing of each branches of WanXi folk songs . This form of music characterized and the body ,mainly due to the spread of WanXi folk songs birthplace and the main characteristics of the popular area .%皖西民歌作为大别山民歌的重要分支,具有鲜明的音乐特色:不论是山歌、小调,还是号子、诵词,音乐的节奏和速度都比较自由;在调式使用方面,最常见的为五声徵调式,其次是五声羽调式,再次是五声宫调式,商调式使用较少,而角调式几乎没有,六声及七声调式也很少见;在音高变化和音量处理方面,皖西民歌的各个支系皆有不同。这种音乐本体特征的形成,主要是受皖西民歌发源地和主要流传地的地域特征影响。

  11. FACTORS ANALYZE ABOUT WILLINGNESS OF ELDERLY TO STAY IN ELDERLY FOLK HOME

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I Ketut Sudiana

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Introduction : Moving to the new house is not easy for the elderly, especially moving to the elderly folk home. A lot of elderly refuse to stay in the elderly folk home. Some conditions which make the elderly give their willingness to stay in the elderly hostels such as economic status, family condition, and self desire. But that factors are unclear until now. The aim of this study was to analyze factors related to willingness for elderly living in the elderly hostels. Method : Design used in this study was cross sectional. The population were all of the elderly live in elderly folk home Hargo Dedali Surabaya. Samples were taken using purposive sampling and there were 20 respondents. Data were collected using structured questionnaire and then analyzed using Spearman’s rho test and logistic regression test with level of significance α≤ 0.05. Result : Result showed that the dominant factor of willingness of elderly living in the eladerly folk home was self desire with level of significance ρ=0.02, followed by economic status (ρ=0.031 and than family condition (ρ=0.032. Analysis : It can be concluded that self desire was the major factor related to willingness of elderly living in the elderly folk home. Discussion : Further studies should be appraising how far the motivation appear from the elderly until they decided to live in the elderly folk home.

  12. Religion, Spirituality and Folk Medicine/Superstition in a Neonatal Unit.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lloreda-Garcia, Jose María

    2017-05-04

    Beliefs and practices surrounding religion and spirituality (RS) feature in neonatal units, although healthcare professionals and families hold different views on their role in neonatal care. Descriptive study performed at the Neonatology Unit of Santa Lucía University Hospital, Cartagena. Separate forms concerning spirituality, religion and folk medicine were administered to professionals ascribed to the unit (n = 70) and parents (n = 93). 70% of professionals and 60.2% of parents perceive RS as playing a relevant role in neonatal care; however, 45% of professionals prefer that parents do not express their RS beliefs. Actual use of prayer by parents while in the unit was 55.9%, compared to the staff's estimation of 20.8% (p evil eye. Many families express RS while a member is hospitalized and, while staff recognize its importance, they often fail to respond correctly. The use of amulets and ritual objects is still common and can express the need for emotional and psychological support. Caregivers need to be aware of the medical, psychological and emotional implications of these practices.

  13. Desire, envy and punishment: a Matsigenka emotion schema in illness narratives and folk stories.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Izquierdo, Carolina; Johnson, Allen

    2007-12-01

    Accumulating evidence suggests that folktales in some societies are characterized by a culturally constructed underlying emotional structure, or Cultural Emotion Schema. In this paper we argue that Matsigenka illness narratives and folk stories share an underlying emotion schema, in which death and suffering result from conflicts between strong-willed individuals prompting anger and aggression. Analysis of illness narratives collected by Izquierdo in the Matsigenka community of Kamisea in the Peruvian Amazon between 1996 and 1999 reveals a common pattern in which envy and frustration lead to the belief in sorcery as the main cause of illness and death. This pattern contrasts with the typical stories of a previous generation collected by the Johnsons among the Matsigenka of Shimaa and other Matsigenka researchers, where sorcery beliefs were virtually absent. Our argument is that important changes in ecology, community, politics, and religion have led to a systematic rise in feelings of envy and frustration, and that these have increased the likelihood that sorcery accusations will occur. We explore the likelihood that such beliefs increase as egalitarian peoples become more crowded into settlements where they are likely to experience greater inequality, more competition for resources and increased societal and personal stress.

  14. Weaves and Colours of Lithuanian Folk Skirts Fabrics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eglė KUMPIKAITĖ

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available In the article weaves and colours of Lithuanian folk skirts fabrics are analysed. The investigation objects are the skirts from funds of three Lithuanian Museums: 258 skirts from National M. K. Čiurlionis Museum of Art, 85 skirts from Lithuanian Open Air Museum and 16 skirts from A. and A. Tamošaitis gallery “Židinys”. Distribution of skirts fabrics according to weaves was estimated, and it shows, that fabrics of plain weave are most widespread (53 %, combined and twill weaves are less popular (19 % and 18 %, respectively. The weaves of fabrics are determined during investigation and plans of weave were made proposing recommendations for manufacturing of similar fabrics. Also distribution of colours and number of colours in the fabrics were analysed. The biggest number of colours is in fabrics of simple weaves (plain and twill, and the most characteristic are green, red, black and blue colours. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5755/j01.ms.19.3.5240

  15. An overview of Turkish folk medicine; past and present.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yeşilada, Erdem

    2013-02-01

    Plants have become a unique source for the mankind either as food or medicine. No doubt this relationship initiated instinctively to satisfy the inner man, while later they noticed the healing potential of plants. This had been the beginning point of traditional medicines worldwide. Among the ca. 300.000 plant species have been identified on the earth so far, only a fraction (ca.120.000) has been reported to be used as food or remedy. The remaining part has still waited for discovery of their beneficial effects on human health. The metabolite composition of the plants has attracted the scientific community rather than plants itself. However, random screening of plants for potential health benefits without any evidence is a tedious task. Investigation planning based on the traditional use of plants has become one of the solutions to overcome this problem. Thenceforth 1985 increasing numbers of scientific field surveys have been conducted throughout Turkey for the documentation of folkloric utilization of plants against disease symptoms. However, due to the impact of modernization in society accessibility of reliable information has become problematic day-by-day. Moreover, increasing number of migrations from rural areas to urban to improve the living conditions makes difficult to find informants in countryside. In order to rescue this valuable information before complete vanishing, several alternative survey techniques have been attempted. In this study, reports on Turkish folk medicine which have been conducted so far will be evaluated. Based on the data obtained, past and present situations will be discussed.

  16. Naming and Renaming:A Critical Study on Guangzhou Metro Stations%批判视角下广州地铁站命名与更名研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘博; 朱竑

    2014-01-01

    Based on the perspective of etymology and taxonomy, studies on traditional place names or topony-my usually adopt the descriptive method to explore the origin, classification, dissemination and diffusion of specific place names. However, in social reality, place names are usually dominated by the authority, like the social elites. Social elites possess the rights of naming and renaming and thereby decide what will be remem-bered or forgotten. Therefore, local memory of some certain groups may be retained or erased in this process. Under the transition period in contemporary China, various spatial organizations are experiencing tremendous changes, while some other social groups are actively participating in the construction processes of social space. Place naming and renaming controversy is increasingly becoming one of the most hotspot issues. Obviously, the descriptive method cannot provide sufficient explanations for the above-mentioned controversy. The criti-cal perspective adopted by the Anglophonic toponymy studies in the past few years may shed light on the place naming studies in Chinese cities. In the context of Anglophonic studies, the studies mainly focused on the cul-tural and political processes of the change of place names, the rewritten of local memory with the regime change, the privatization of public space due to the commercialization of naming rights, and so on. From the critical perspective of New Cultural Geography, this article focuses on the processes of place naming and re-naming and adopts the textual analysis method to analyze the causes of naming controversies and the corre-sponding power relations in the process of naming and renaming Guangzhou Metro stations. It argues that the naming and renaming processes involve commercial, political and cultural factors all of which point to the core essence of naming rights. The prominent actors, including business enterprises, government agencies and general social groups, hold different positions

  17. Tales of the Supernatural: A Selected List of Recordings Made in the United States and Placed in the Archive of Folk Culture. Folk Archive Finding Aid.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Delcambre, Angie C., Comp.; And Others

    This finding aid is a selected list of supernatural-related narratives recorded in the United States and held in the Archive of Folk Culture of the Library of Congress. Brief descriptions of the recordings are accompanied by identification numbers. Information about listening to or ordering any of the listed recordings is available from the…

  18. 论"草昆"的美学特征%On Aesthetic Characteristics of "Folk" Kunqu Opera

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱恒夫

    2012-01-01

    昆剧传播到外埠之后,受到当地文化与底层百姓审美趣味的影响,渐渐发生了变化,与所谓“正昆”在内容与形式上有着很大的不同,形成了独特的艺术形态,这些昆剧便被人们称为“草昆”。尽管草昆有川昆、滇昆、徽昆、赣昆、湘昆、晋昆、甬昆和永嘉昆剧等之分,但它们有着共同的美学特征,即语言方言化、音乐通俗化;新编剧目表现了底层社会的价值观念;净丑二角的表演体现了重技艺、喜滑稽的风格。%Influenced by the local culture and the aesthetical taste of common people at the bottom of the society after spreading to the rest of China, the Kunqu opera gradually changed and formed unique artistic styles. All those tmique forms of Kunqu operas were called "folk" Kunqu opera, which greatly differ from orthodox Kunqu opera in content and form. Though with different forms through combining with different local euhures from places such as Sichuan, Yunnan, Anhui, Hunan, Jiangxi, Shanxi, Ningbo and Yongjia, those "folk" Kunqu operas have common aesthetical characteristics: localized libretto, popular- ized music, rearranged plays that reflect the social values of people at the bottom of society and the style of attaching importance to skills and harlequinade embodied in performances of painted roles and clowns.

  19. Caida de mollera among children of Mexican migrant workers: implications for the study of folk illnesses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baer, R D; Bustillo, M

    1998-06-01

    Information about the folk illness caida de mollera was collected from Mexican and Mexican American migrant mothers who had treated their children for the illness, and from physicians in a clinic that served this population. These physicians believed that the vast majority of the sets of symptoms were worthy of medical attention and could be life threatening if not treated. This research report concurs with other studies that suggest that although Mexican folk illnesses are conceptualized to have folk-social and psychological causes, they are also seen to have biological causes and physiological symptoms that can be treated by biomedical methods. This report outlines a model for understanding aspects of folk illnesses that includes folk vs. biomedical ideas about disease, causes vs. symptoms, and psychological vs. physiological aspects of sickness. It also suggests that the kinds of questions anthropologists ask about these illnesses may need to be modified--shifting away from questions about treatments of causes and refocusing on those about the treatment of physiological symptoms--if we are to more fully understand home approaches to the management of these illnesses.

  20. All that Folk: Wissenschaftliche Untersuchungen und Repräsentationen der Folk-Musik im (post- jugoslawischen Raum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tomić, Đorđe

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available By analyzing the broad research of different types of ‘folk’ music in former Yugoslavia, the paper explores the different forms of interpretation and representations created by scholars in social science and humanities. Tracing back their critique of this music into the socialist period, the analysis offers new insights into the motives and ways of producing meaning by one part of the intellectual elite – for Serbia framed as the ‘second/ other Serbia’ – in the context of political transformation at the end of the 20th century in this region. While hardly any of the analyzed scholarly works on (‘folk’ music was really about music, being instead quite often mainly concerned with its alleged symbolical meaning, most of them used ‘folk’ as a catchy ‘label’ that introduced further analysis of society and/or politics in former Yugoslavia during the 1990s. By criticizing the ‘kitsch’ of ‘folk’ and, at the same time, presenting more or less sophisticated scientific findings on correlations between ‘folk’ and politics, the authors of the works analyzed in this paper mostly underlined their distance to this ‘genre’, thus pointing out their (oppositional political standpoint, and, especially, by delegitimizing the ‘folk culture’ on the one hand and the new nationalist political setting on the other, they aimed to compensate the loss of cultural capital they used to or – from their perspective – ought to have as representatives of some kind of intellectual vanguard.

  1. Food medicine and minor nourishment in the folk traditions of Central Italy (Marche, Abruzzo and Latium).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guarrera, Paolo Maria

    2003-09-01

    A series of research projects on wild plants used in Central Italy (Marche, Latium and Abruzzo) as food medicine and for minor nourishment was carried out in the years 1979-2000. This study reports a summary of the data personally collected in the field. Minor nourishment appears to be still consistently utilised: wild plants are consumed preferably in salads, boiled or in omelettes. Some therapeutic properties are attributed by people to the alimentary plants, often documented by the scientific literature. In this study, folk alimentary and/or therapeutic food uses of 126 entities distributed among 39 families are described. Particular folk uses concerning cultivated plants are also reported. In this paper, for the first time pharmacobotanical properties are systematically emphasised for the folk food species of Central Italy. References to analogous alimentary uses in Central Italy are documented. Comparisons among different food traditions are also discussed.

  2. On Nash Equilibrium and Evolutionarily Stable States That Are Not Characterised by the Folk Theorem.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Jiawei; Kendall, Graham

    2015-01-01

    In evolutionary game theory, evolutionarily stable states are characterised by the folk theorem because exact solutions to the replicator equation are difficult to obtain. It is generally assumed that the folk theorem, which is the fundamental theory for non-cooperative games, defines all Nash equilibria in infinitely repeated games. Here, we prove that Nash equilibria that are not characterised by the folk theorem do exist. By adopting specific reactive strategies, a group of players can be better off by coordinating their actions in repeated games. We call it a type-k equilibrium when a group of k players coordinate their actions and they have no incentive to deviate from their strategies simultaneously. The existence and stability of the type-k equilibrium in general games is discussed. This study shows that the sets of Nash equilibria and evolutionarily stable states have greater cardinality than classic game theory has predicted in many repeated games.

  3. Bulgarian wedding music between folk and chalg: Politics, markets and current directions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silverman Kerol

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available This article investigates the performative relationship among folklore, the market, and the state through an analysis of the politics of Bulgarian wedding music. In the socialist period wedding music was condemned by the state and excluded from the category folk but was adored by thousands of fans as a counter-cultural manifestation. In the post-socialist period wedding music achieved recognition in the West but declined in popularity in Bulgarian as fusion music's, such as chalga (folk/pop, arose and as musicians faced challenges vis-à-vis capitalism. As the state withdrew and became weaker private companies with profit-making agendas arose. Although it inspired chalga, wedding music began to be seen in contrast to it, as folk music. Recently, fatigue with chalga and nationalistic ideologies are revitalizing wedding music.

  4. Who's afraid of the big bad wolf? Confronting wife abuse through folk stories.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ucko, L G

    1991-09-01

    Because many world folk stories describe wife abuse with remarkable insight, these stories are useful in addressing the sensitive issues that arise when counseling battered women. Following the views of Milton Erickson and Joan Laird about the importance of stories as a therapeutic tool, techniques were developed in a regional Coalition for Battered Women in North Carolina to use folk stories as an aid in redefining problems, increasing self-esteem, decreasing resistance, and encouraging alternative solutions to difficult situations. A case study of the use of a story in a battered women's support group session illustrates the value of folk stories in the counseling process. On the basis of experience to date, additional uses of the stories to help abused women are suggested.

  5. 黔西北彝族民间音乐文化的认知与保护%On the Understanding and Protection of the folk Music Culture of Yi Nationality of the Northwestern Guizhou Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高树林

    2011-01-01

    认知与保护对少数民族民间音乐文化来说,是一对紧密相关的因果问题。没有对少数民族民间音乐文化生存根基的深层认知,没有对少数民族民间音乐文化传承主体"文化自觉"行为的准确把握,少数民族民间音乐文化的保护行为就是不全面和不彻底的。20世纪80年代以来,由于外来文化和现代化建设等因素的影响,黔西北彝族民间音乐文化产生和生存的环境正在急剧变化,很多传统民间音乐文化正在蜕变,一些几十年、十几年甚至几年前还普遍存在的传统音乐形式,目前已处在濒临消亡的境地。因此,对黔西北彝族民间音乐文化的认知与保护刻不容缓。%Understanding and protection of the minority folk music culture,is a pair of closely related problems.No on minority folk music culture survival soil understanding,no of minority folk music culture inheritance subject cultural consciousness behavior of accurate grasp,minority folk music culture protection act is not comprehensive and thorough.Since 1980s,because of foreign culture and Chinese modernization influence,the original living environment for folk music culture is changing in Northwest Guizhou.A lot of traditional folk music cultures are changing qualitatively.Many traditional music forms which commonly ex-isted some decades,dozens or even a few years ago are now close to withering away.Therefore it is an im-portant and urgent subject to protect and develop the folk music culture in the northwestem Guizhou.

  6. Tuning Features of Chinese Folk Song Singing: A Case Study of Hua'er Music.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Yang; Welch, Graham; Sundberg, Johan; Himonides, Evangelos

    2015-07-01

    The learning and teaching of different singing styles, such as operatic and Chinese folk singing, was often found to be very challenging in professional music education because of the complexity of varied musical properties and vocalizations. By studying the acoustical and musical parameters of the singing voice, this study identified distinctive tuning characteristics of a particular folk music in China-Hua'er music-to inform the ineffective folk singing practices, which were hampered by the neglect of inherent tuning issues in music. Thirteen unaccompanied folk song examples from four folk singers were digitally audio recorded in a sound studio. Using an analyzing toolkit consisting of Praat, PeakFit, and MS Excel, the fundamental frequencies (F0) of these song examples were extracted into sets of "anchor pitches" mostly used, which were further divided into 253 F0 clusters. The interval structures of anchor pitches within each song were analyzed and then compared across 13 examples providing parameters that indicate the tuning preference of this particular singing style. The data analyses demonstrated that all singers used a tuning pattern consisting of five major anchor pitches suggesting a nonequal-tempered bias in singing. This partly verified the pentatonic scale proposed in previous empirical research but also argued a potential misunderstanding of the studied folk music scale that failed to take intrinsic tuning issues into consideration. This study suggests that, in professional music training, any tuning strategy should be considered in terms of the reference pitch and likely tuning systems. Any accompanying instruments would need to be tuned to match the underlying tuning bias. Copyright © 2015 The Voice Foundation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  7. PEDAGOGICAL SUPPORT OF GIFTED STUDENTS FROM CARPATHIAN MOUNTAIN AREAS BY MEANS OF FOLK ART CRAFTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iryna Kozlovska

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper, presented at the Conference Plenary the possibilities of pedagogical support of gifted students from vocational schools, living in the mountainous areas of the Carpathians. Education of talented and gifted students requires pedagogical support. The specific conditions, in which Carpathian students live, require the development of pedagogical support of their abilities. New approaches to teaching science, which led to the selection of topics of this article are described. Gifted personalities differ from their peers by same criterias. The social aspect of the problem remains in the shadow: not to be ashamed of your talent and not to compare it with cliches. And goals of educators and psychologists have to be slightly different as is common. Widespread  Carpathian crafts include: embroidery, artistic textiles producing, carpet manufacture, carving, pottery, metalworking, fabric painting, knitting, lace, artistic weaving, artistic working of  leather, stones, bones and horns. Nowadays, some detachment of mountainous regions has significantly reduced due to new means of communication, including the Internet. The possibilities of colleges in mountainous regions still cannot reach the level of the colleges in capital. In Carpathian and Prykrpattya regions there is a number of vocational schools of art direction. During the execution of creative work in class industrial training necessary for students to comply with the rules of relationships form and decoration in various ways: decorative motif obeys the functional form, enriching it artistic and creative solutions, utilitarian function obeys the decorative motif Products, the form of the product can be extremely decorative, artistic and creative product solutions focused on practical value and decorative value of the product. Pedagogical support of gifted students from art colleges in the Carpathian region has extremely wide range of opportunities. The problem of finding and nurturing

  8. A New Type of Physical Activity from an Ancient Tradition: The Sardinian Folk Dance "Ballu Sardu".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cugusi, Lucia; Massidda, Myosotis; Matta, Daniela; Garau, Emanuele; Di Cesare, Rosina; Deidda, Martino; Satta, Gianmario; Chiappori, Paolo; Solla, Paolo; Mercuro, Giuseppe

    2015-09-01

    The aim of our study was to determine if the Sardinian folk dance ballu sardu (BS) can be identified as an effective workout regimen in terms of its exercise intensity (EI) and energy expenditure (EE) and if people who perform BS fulfill the recommendations of the American College of Sports Medicine on the prescription of exercise in healthy subjects. Twenty healthy volunteers (10 men, 10 women, 35.2 ± 6.3 years of age, BMI 23.0 ± 3.4 kg/m²) with BS experience (mean = 20.7 ± 8.9 years) were enrolled. All subjects underwent a maximal cardiopulmonary exercise test. Then they carried out a performance of about a quarter of an hour of BS in its most common variant of dance in a circle, ballu tundu. During the BS performance, the dancers wore a heart rate monitor to record all relevant data. The dancers displayed a good aerobic capacity (VO2max 44.1 ± 3.2 ml·kg(-1)·min(-1)). Their average HR during the BS execution was 146.3 ± 5.3 bpm, corresponding to an EI of 79.9% ± 6.5% of HRmax. The estimated average VO2 was 78.6% ± 15.4% of VO2max; MET/min and EE were 9.8 ± 1.5 and 11.2 ± 2.4 Kcal/min, respectively. It is concluded that the BS can be described as a vigorous physical activity. An ancient yet still widespread leisure activity embedded in the Sardinian culture, it meets some contemporary exercise recommendations for a healthy lifestyle.

  9. Expertise in folk music alters the brain processing of Western harmony.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tervaniemi, M; Tupala, T; Brattico, E

    2012-04-01

    In various paradigms of modern neurosciences of music, experts of Western classical music have displayed superior brain architecture when compared with individuals without explicit training in music. In this paper, we show that chord violations embedded in musical cadences were neurally processed in a facilitated manner also by musicians trained in Finnish folk music. This result, obtained by using early right anterior negativity (ERAN) as an index of harmony processing, suggests that tonal processing is advanced in folk musicians by their long-term exposure to both Western and non-Western music.

  10. Common Warts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diseases and Conditions Common warts By Mayo Clinic Staff Common warts are small, grainy skin growths that occur most often on your fingers or hands. Rough to the touch, common warts also often feature a pattern of tiny ...

  11. The codes and the representation of the folk music of Kırşehir’s region

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seyit Yöre

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Folk music is a music genre created by folks' own cultural features. It is associated with other features of culture, so it includes local features. Anatolian folk music, is one of the folk music cultures in the world, has more details in the context of geographical features, ethnicity and locality. So it is need to be examined locally with the various disciplines and approaches. The folk music of Kırşehir’s region, is a type of the Anatolian folk music, was investigated within the framework of the ethnomusicology discipline and the qualitative research model in cultural and analytical context for the problem, the sub-problems and the aim of research, and the findings were encoded and described in this research. 453 works and the other documents were examined and determined the twenty codes which represent the folk music of Kırşehir’s region. These codes were evaluated and it was seen that the folk music Kirsehir's region can be represented with the three main codes as Abdal, Bozlak, and bağlama.

  12. The codes and the representation of the folk music of Kırşehir’s region

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seyit Yöre

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available  Folk music is a music genre created by folks' own cultural features. It is associated with other features of culture, so it includes local features. Anatolian folk music, is one of the folk music cultures in the world, has more details in the context of geographical features, ethnicity and locality. So it is need to be examined locally with the various disciplines and approaches. The folk music of Kırşehir’s region, is a type of the Anatolian folk music, was investigated within the framework of the ethnomusicology discipline and the qualitative research model in cultural ve analytical context for the problem, the sub-problems and the aim of research, and the findings were encoded and described in this research. 453 works and the other documents were examined and determined the twenty codes which represent the folk music of Kırşehir’s region. These codes were evaluated and it was seen that the folk music Kirsehir's region can be represented with the three main codes as Abdal, Bozlak, and bağlama. 

  13. Folk Art Traditions and Beyond: Travel with "SchoolArts" to Santa Fe, New Mexico in July 2008

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walkup, Nancy

    2007-01-01

    This article briefly discusses a seminar that will focus on the fifth annual Folk Art Festival at the Museum of International Folk Art in Santa Fe, with additional emphasis on Georgia O'Keeffe's life and art in New Mexico, and Hispanic and Native American cultural traditions. Activities include museum visits, field trips, invited speakers,…

  14. Pedagogical Challenges in Folk Music Teaching in Higher Education: A Case Study of Hua'er Music in China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Yang; Welch, Graham

    2016-01-01

    Recent literature suggests that traditional approaches in folk music education are not necessarily compatible with the pedagogical conventions of formal music education. Whilst several recent studies have tended to define these non-classical-music learning contexts as "informal", the practice of folk music that was recently introduced…

  15. A Content Analysis of Asian-Pacific Folk Songs in American Elementary Music Textbooks from 1967 to 2008

    Science.gov (United States)

    Culig, Edna Aurora C.

    2012-01-01

    In this quanto-historical study, the author conducted a content analysis of Asian-Pacific (AP) folk songs in 18 American elementary music textbooks published from 1967 to 2008. The researcher addressed the questions: (1) To what degree are AP folk songs included in the printed and recorded repertoire of elementary music textbook series published…

  16. Effects of a Westernized Korean Folk Music Selection on Students' Music Familiarity and Preference for Its Traditional Version

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kang, Sangmi; Yoo, Hyesoo

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to reveal the effects of Westernized arrangements of traditional Korean folk music on music familiarity and preference. Two separate labs in one intact class were assigned to one of two treatment groups of either listening to traditional Korean folk songs (n?=?18) or listening to Western arrangements of the same…

  17. Effects of a Westernized Korean Folk Music Selection on Students' Music Familiarity and Preference for Its Traditional Version

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kang, Sangmi; Yoo, Hyesoo

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to reveal the effects of Westernized arrangements of traditional Korean folk music on music familiarity and preference. Two separate labs in one intact class were assigned to one of two treatment groups of either listening to traditional Korean folk songs (n?=?18) or listening to Western arrangements of the same…

  18. The Evolution of the Relationship between Country and Folk Custom and the Contemporary Reviews%国家与民俗关系的演变轨迹与当代检讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨旭东

    2015-01-01

    From ancient times to the present, there has always been a complex relationship between country and folk custom, and this relationship changes as history evolves.“Collecting folk songs ”is anancient political and cultural tradition, the rulers regarded the folk customs as the lookout windows for testing the effect of policy and a means to teach the people. Entering into the modern society, when facing the national crisis, the ruling class and the intellectual elite improved and enlightened the common people by means of folk customs. The folk custom has become both the tool and weapon of nationalism. After the fall of the monarchy, influenced by the external trends, the nation states regarded the folk customs as the obstacles to the establishment and development of a new regime, even overturn them. Until recent 30 years , institutionalized folk customs have essentially become an industry in pursuit of economic interests and an element for ideological building in the new period. Current situation of contemporary country and folk custom, apart from the influence of political and cultural tradition, and the acts and motivations of the folk custom scholars participated in the cultural construction should also conduct a full review. As a possibility, the realization of cultural custom depends on the respect that the country gives toits subject position and the returning of cultural rights to the mass, and folk custom subject could be free to choose life style and spiritual enjoyment style.%从古至今,国家与民俗之间始终存在着错综复杂的关系,而且这种关系随着历史变迁也在不断演变。“采风”是古代社会的政治文化传统,统治者把民俗作为检验施政效果的瞭望窗和教化万民的手段。进入近代社会,在民族危亡面前,统治阶级和知识精英借助民俗进行改良和启蒙,民俗成为民族主义化的工具和利器。帝制灭亡以后,民族国家受外来思潮的影

  19. 一株气管炎疫苗生产菌株的鉴定更名%Identification and renaming of one strain used for tracheitis vaccine production

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    石继春; 杜慧竟; 梁丽; 李康; 徐潇; 邢玉华; 陈翠萍; 叶强

    2016-01-01

    目的:对中国医学细菌保藏管理中心库藏气管炎疫苗生产菌株重新鉴定并更名。方法同时培养库藏待检菌株CMCC(B)29108和对照用模式株DSM30007T,比较二者的形态、生理生化、脂肪酸成分等特性,对16S rRNA和rpoB基因进行系统进化分析以及DNA-DNA同源性测定。结果16S rRNA基因序列比对结果显示CMCC(B)29108与不动杆菌属(Acinetobacter)相近,与模式株鲍曼不动杆菌(Acinetobacter baumannii)DSM30007T 相似性最高,形态学特性、生理生化特性以及脂肪酸成分构成均与DSM30007T 十分相似,仅存在个别差异。基于Acinetobacter属所有成员的16S rRNA和rpoB基因的系统进化分析均显示CMCC(B)29108与DSM30007T 稳定聚类成一个独立分支,且二者的DNA-DNA同源性为100%。结论基于表型、系统进化学以及化学成分的鉴定研究结果,CMCC (B)29108为鲍曼不动杆菌种内区别于模式株的一株菌,可用于气管炎疫苗生产,建议更名为鲍曼不动杆菌( Acinetobacter baumannii)。%Objective To identify and rename one strain stored in National Center for Medicine Culture Collections ( CMCC) and used for tracheitis vaccine production. Methods The test strain CMCC (B)29108 and the type strain DSM30007T were cultured on NA medium. Characteristics in morphology, physiology, biochemistry and fatty acid profile were compared between the two strains. Phylogenetic analysis was based on 16S rRNA and rpoB gene sequences, together with the DNA-DNA hybridization assay. Results A Comparative analysis of a partial sequence of the 16S rRNA gene sequence revealed that the CMCC( B) 29108 strain was closed to the Acinetobacter species and showed the highest similarity with the type strain Acinetobacter baumannii DSM30007T. Moreover, the CMCC(B)29108 strain was highly similar to type strain DSM30007T in morphology, physiology, biochemistry and fatty acid profile. On the phylogenetic tree based on 16S rRNA and rpoB gene of all

  20. Common Law, Mountain Music, and the Construction of Community Identity

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jenkins, Christopher David

    2010-01-01

    preserve a backward-looking, cultural memory at the same time as they accommodate gradual changes in social conditions. Thus, this comparison argues that these essentially unwritten legal and musical traditions similarly transcend geographical and temporal distances, reflect and influence normative......This article suggests how law and the arts can shape a community’s identity over time, by exploring the unique parallels between the common law and the folk music of the Appalachian region of the United States — two cultural transplants from the British Isles to the early American frontier. Both...... attitudes, and rely upon relatively open communicative processes in transmitting their core information. As living traditions, then, the common law and Appalachian folk music open small but important spaces for pluralistic discourse, where social conflicts can be reconciled over time and new identities...

  1. A Comparison between Global and Local Features for Computational Classification of Folk Song Melodies

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Kranenburg, P.; Volk, A.; Wiering, F.

    2013-01-01

    In computational approaches to the study of variation among folk song melodies from oral culture, both global and local features of melodies have been used. From a computational point of view, the representation of a melody as a vector of global feature values, each summarizing an aspect of the enti

  2. Arranged Bursa Folk Songs for Fourhands Piano and Their Practice in Music Education Departments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Demirci, Sirin Akbulut

    2016-01-01

    The article presents the results of a study carried out within the scope of a project entitled, "Arranged Bursa Folk Songs for Fourhands Piano Extended Piano Techniques and Teaching in Music Education Departments." It is number KUAP (E)-2014/28 of the Uludag University Scientific Research Projects Unit and was supported by the Bursa…

  3. Worshipping Satan: Witchcraft and Folk Superstitions in Massachusetts and New France 1692 to 1760.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bennett, Paul W.

    1990-01-01

    Discusses the Salem witchcraft trials as a reflection of the social and moral values of colonial Massachusetts and New France. Traces the history of the trials. Describes other instances of witchcraft and folk superstitions during that same historical period. Provides primary sources of a picture, map, and excerpts from letters pertaining to the…

  4. The Kaval or the Piano – The Racin Essay on Folk Poetry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lidija Kapushevska-Drakulevska

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Kosho Racin (1908-1943 is a Macedonian national icon, the creator of the innovative nationally-linguistic poetic undertaking. Racin’s name, among other things, is tied to the beginnings of the Macedonian literary criticism, bearing in mind that he (in the years prior to the Second World War published a few literary-critical articles on the pages of the then Yugoslav periodicals, whereas a part of the texts in this category (such, as for example, he essay on folk poetry which is the subject of interest of this paper were traced back to his estate and was published long after the liberation.“Until present day we have not heard a more subte apotheosis of folk poetry as the eternal creative stand-out from the one uttered by Racin” – writes Dimitar Mitrev in honor of his essay on folk poetry.The Racin essay, “The Macedonian Folk Song” confirms the most beautiful definitions of the subtle, border-line, heterogeneous discourse called the essay, as the “perfect attempt”, “an eternal yearning for a system”, according to György Lukács, or as “a miniature linguistic counterpart of the musical shape, a variation on a theme”, as Kica B. Kolbe puts it.

  5. A Survey on Weifang Teachers' Attitudes toward Teaching Chinese Folk Music

    Science.gov (United States)

    Han, Ruochen; Leung, Bo Wah

    2017-01-01

    In mainland China, the implementation of the junior secondary school's music curriculum is highly dependent on music teachers' attitudes towards music and music education. This study investigated the possible relationship between teachers' attitudes towards teaching Chinese folk music and their music teaching practice in junior secondary schools…

  6. Chinese Children at Ukraine International Children’s Folk Dance Festival

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    <正>A 27-member Chinese children’s art troupe of the Xiamen Art School, sent by the CPAFFC, visited the Ukrainian city of Vinnytsia from May 7 to 12 to take part in the Fifth International Children Festival of Folk Choreography "Barvinkove Kruzhalo". At the invitation of the

  7. Is There a FOAF in Your Future? Urban Folk Legends in Room 112.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nicolini, Mary B.

    1989-01-01

    Describes how urban folk legends can prepare students for studying "Beowulf," the Arthurian legends, or other oral narratives that exist in many versions. Notes that exposure to recent oral history intrigues students and helps them appreciate how stories can vary while retaining their basic plot. (RS)

  8. Folk in the History Classroom: Using the Music of the People to Teach Eras and Events

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lovorn, Michael G.

    2009-01-01

    Social studies content is more meaningful to students when they can empathize with the people they study. Such empathy can be fostered via content material that is presented in a relevant, emotional, intimate, and even entertaining manner. Folk music offers this type of creative and constructive approach. The elementary school classroom is the…

  9. The Effects of Folk Dance Training on 5-6 Years Children's Physical and Social Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biber, Kazim

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to analyze the effects of folk dance training on 5-6 year old Pre-school children's physical and social development. The experimental design with an experimental and control group was used in accordance with the quantitative research methods in this research. The research has been conducted with the participation of 40…

  10. South Texas Mexican American Use of Traditional Folk and Mainstream Alternative Therapies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martinez, Leslie N.

    2009-01-01

    A telephone survey was conducted with a large sample of Mexican Americans from border (n = 1,001) and nonborder (n = 1,030) regions in Texas. Patterns of traditional folk and mainstream complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use were analyzed with two binary logistic regressions, using gender, self-rated health, confidence in medical…

  11. Did She Mean to Do It? Acquiring a Folk Theory of Intentionality

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mull, Melinda S.; Evans, E. Margaret

    2010-01-01

    The ability to both identify and explain others' intentional acts is fundamental for successful social interaction. In two cross-sectional studies, we investigated 3- to 9-year-olds' (n = 148) understanding of the folk concept of intentionality, using three types of intentionality measures. The relationship between this type of reasoning and false…

  12. Exploring Antecedents of Organizational Citizenship Behaviour among Teachers at Norwegian Folk High Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elstad, Eyvind; Christophersen, Knut Andreas; Turmo, Are

    2012-01-01

    The folk high school (FHS) is a Nordic contribution to global education and is a unique approach to non-university adult education. Because expanded tuition is the true nature of Norwegian FHS, it is important for FHS that its teachers perform discretionary individual extra-role behaviour advantageous to the school organization, a phenomenon…

  13. Bringing the Magic of Folk Literature and Nursery Rhymes to Communication Classes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gan, Ivan

    2015-01-01

    Orators of folk literature and nursery rhymes entertain, inform, and persuade their audiences through the straightforward plots in those genres. Because nursery rhymes recitations usually happen in groups, they help children acquire the mechanics of oral communication and promote communal bonding. Although nursery rhymes have a simpler form than…

  14. Folk in the History Classroom: Using the Music of the People to Teach Eras and Events

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lovorn, Michael G.

    2009-01-01

    Social studies content is more meaningful to students when they can empathize with the people they study. Such empathy can be fostered via content material that is presented in a relevant, emotional, intimate, and even entertaining manner. Folk music offers this type of creative and constructive approach. The elementary school classroom is the…

  15. Student Retention in Higher Education: Folk High Schools and Educational Decisions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Borgen, Solveig T.; Borgen, Nicolai T.

    2016-01-01

    Improving student retention in higher education is perceived as vital to the cost-effectiveness of educational systems. Research shows that clear educational goals may influence student retention, which suggests that helping students make more informed choices may improve student retention. In this article, we investigate whether a folk high…

  16. Do Non-Linguists Practice Linguistics?: An Anti-Eliminative Approach to Folk Theories

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paveau, Marie-Anne

    2011-01-01

    This contribution discusses two issues: (a) it provides a definition and an analysis of the term "non-linguist", which is conceptualized as a non-discrete category on a continuum and as an activity rather than as a permanent status, and (b) it discusses the general value of folk linguistic theories, which should not, despite their potential…

  17. Understanding, Experiencing, and Appreciating the Arts: Folk Pedagogy in Two Elementary Schools in Taiwan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Yu-Ting; Walsh, Daniel J.

    2008-01-01

    Drawing on Bruner's notion of folk pedagogy, this research explores how Chinese aesthetic education is perceived and valued at two elementary schools in Taiwan. Using qualitative methods, the research explores how arts teachers guide children to experience arts through the arts curricula in school and the local culture. The study reveals that the…

  18. A review of plants used in folk veterinary medicine in Italy as basis for a databank

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Viegi, L.; Pieroni, A.; Guarrera, P.M.; Vangelisti, R.

    2003-01-01

    We report folk veterinary phytotherapy in Italy collected from ethnobotanical scientific literature of the second half of the 20th Century. References are cited together with unpublished data gathered recently in the field by the authors. The data have been placed in two databases: one organized by

  19. Hispanic Folk Arts and the Environment: An Interdisciplinary Curriculum Guide. A New Mexican Perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lopez, Alejandro

    This interdisciplinary, bilingual curriculum resource, contains a 29-minute videotape program, 20 colorplate posters, and a curriculum guide. The resource presents an examination of the folklife and folklore expressions of the Hispanic people of New Mexico. The focus of the curriculum is the relationship of survival-based folk activities to the…

  20. Folk music style modelling by recurrent neural networks with long short term memory units

    OpenAIRE

    Sturm, Bob; Santos, João Felipe; Korshunova, Iryna

    2015-01-01

    We demonstrate two generative models created by training a recurrent neural network (RNN) with three hidden layers of long short-term memory (LSTM) units. This extends past work in numerous directions, including training deeper models with nearly 24,000 high-level transcriptions of folk tunes. We discuss our on-going work.

  1. MOMFER: A Search Engine of Thompson's Motif-Index of Folk Literature

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Karsdorp, F.B.; van der Meulen, Marten; Meder, Theo; van den Bosch, Antal

    2015-01-01

    More than fifty years after the first edition of Thompson's seminal Motif-Indexof Folk Literature, we present an online search engine tailored to fully disclose the index digitally. This search engine, called MOMFER, greatly enhances the searchability of the Motif-Index and provides exciting new way

  2. A review of plants used in folk veterinary medicine in Italy as basis for a databank

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Viegi, L.; Pieroni, A.; Guarrera, P.M.; Vangelisti, R.

    2003-01-01

    We report folk veterinary phytotherapy in Italy collected from ethnobotanical scientific literature of the second half of the 20th Century. References are cited together with unpublished data gathered recently in the field by the authors. The data have been placed in two databases: one organized by

  3. Chinese Herbal Medicine in Folk Custom%民俗中的中草药略识

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    齐敏; 李春芳

    2009-01-01

    There are large amount of Chinese herbal medicine used in folk custom of our country. Most of these medicines are related with hygiene and health care. The usage of these medicine included avoiding dirty, preventing diseases, restoring convalescence, health protection, cosmetology, bathing, and daily effective medical prescription. Folk custom has the characteristics of regionality, consistency, and nationality,ete. Some of traditional Chinese medicine originates from folk custom. Therefore, the research of medicine used in folk custom may help to the development of traditional Chinese medicine.%在我国传统民俗中流传有大量中草药,其用途主要包括辟秽防病、康复保健、美容化妆、服饰佩物、洗浴、日常疗病等.民俗为群体性、倾向性的社会行为,并有地域性、传承性、历史性、民族性等特点,同时中草药中的一部分药物也来源于民俗,研究民俗中的药物可有助于研发中药新药.

  4. Worshipping Satan: Witchcraft and Folk Superstitions in Massachusetts and New France 1692 to 1760.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bennett, Paul W.

    1990-01-01

    Discusses the Salem witchcraft trials as a reflection of the social and moral values of colonial Massachusetts and New France. Traces the history of the trials. Describes other instances of witchcraft and folk superstitions during that same historical period. Provides primary sources of a picture, map, and excerpts from letters pertaining to the…

  5. Brief Analysis of the Utitity Vatue of Chinese Folk Vest in Modern Age

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liang Huie; Gao Mengchu; Gu Qiyi

    2011-01-01

    This paper, taking the modern folk vest of our country since the late Qing period as an example, addresses the practical value, applicable value and using value of vest dress. And it points out the significance and developing trends of the vest's construction research.

  6. Bodily remembering: memory, place, and understanding Latino folk illnesses among the Amuzgos Indians of Oaxaca, Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cartwright, Elizabeth

    2007-12-01

    This paper takes the theoretical construct of popular nosology of Latino folk illnesses and combines it with Edward Casey's concept of bodily remembering in order to more fully describe the role of memory and place in the illness experiences of the Amuzgos Indians of Oaxaca, Mexico. I ethnographically describe, across time, the interrelated links among social events, physical symptoms, and illness narratives of Latino folk illness popular nosologies as they are contextualized in their unique, social topographies. This enlarged theoretical perspective implies a smallest unit of meaning that is ethnographically defined, but that will often encompass more than the individual sufferer and more than one illness. The research objective of this study was to understand Amuzgan illness experiences through the narratives of detailed case histories and ethnographic observations that were gathered during 18 months of qualitative research. The data show that Amuzgos experience Latino folk illnesses as bodily rememberings of illness events combined with negative interpersonal interactions. Healing these Latino folk illnesses implies curing bodies, households, social relationships, and living environments.

  7. Hispanic Folk Arts and the Environment: An Interdisciplinary Curriculum Guide. A New Mexican Perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lopez, Alejandro

    This interdisciplinary, bilingual curriculum resource, contains a 29-minute videotape program, 20 colorplate posters, and a curriculum guide. The resource presents an examination of the folklife and folklore expressions of the Hispanic people of New Mexico. The focus of the curriculum is the relationship of survival-based folk activities to the…

  8. Parenthood and Happiness: A Review of Folk Theories versus Empirical Evidence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hansen, Thomas

    2012-01-01

    This paper reviews and compares folk theories and empirical evidence about the influence of parenthood on happiness and life satisfaction. The review of attitudes toward parenthood and childlessness reveals that people tend to believe that parenthood is central to a meaningful and fulfilling life, and that the lives of childless people are…

  9. Teaching the Korean Folk Song ("Arirang") through Performing, Creating, and Responding

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoo, Hyesoo; Kang, Sangmi

    2017-01-01

    This article introduces a pedagogical approach to teaching one of the renowned Korean folk songs ("Arirang") based on the comprehensive musicianship approach and the 2014 Music Standards (competencies in performing, creating, and responding to music). The authors provide in-depth information for music educators to help their students…

  10. 民间舞蹈话"民间"——浅谈民间舞蹈与民间生活的联系%A Brief Discussion on the Relationship between Folk Dance and Folk Life

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁玥

    2015-01-01

    This paper mainly narrates the origin, folk inheritance and the development of Chinese folk dance. It has rich resources and unique qualities. The essence of folk dance lies in its"origi-nation from the folk and close relation with life", so it is the source for the creation of any other dance. This paper also makes a further pondering and study on the close relationship between folk dance and folk life and folk customs.%本文主要讲述中国民间舞蹈的根源,及在民间的传承与发展,其资源是丰富的,其品质是独特的.民间舞蹈精髓在于"源于民间,贴近生活",是一切创作舞蹈之母.并进行较为深入的思考和研究,以及与民间生活、风俗习惯的密切联系.

  11. 枣庄民谣初探%A Look into the Folk Music of Zaozhuang

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周惠珍

    2016-01-01

    民谣是一种社会语言学现象,是一地民风民俗的反映,它与社会生活的各个方面密切联系。研究民谣有助于我们正确认识社会和历史,对于语言文学、音乐、民俗文化研究,都有十分重要的意义。枣庄作为山东省历史文化名城之一,其特定的文化底蕴也催生出为数众多,内涵丰富,有节气、劳动场景、婚嫁、童谣、风俗特色等,几乎涵盖社会生活的每个方面,反映了枣庄地区特有的风俗和人文特色。本文以枣庄民谣为分析对象,着重分析了民谣承载的文化内容和语言特点,指出它在方言研究及文化贮存方面的作用,以增强人们对枣庄民谣的保护和研究意识。%Folk music,a type of social linguistic phenomenon,is a reflection of the custom and culture of one region and is closely associated with various aspects of social life. Folk music,the real"literature of the mass",tending to be realistic and allegorical,is the outflow of human thoughts and feelings and the best to display a folk's ideology and local features. Studying folk music helps us form proper opinions towards the society and history,also makes great difference to the study of language, literature,music,custom or culture. As a city famous for its culture and history in Shandong Province,Zaozhuang possesses a specific culture background,which engendered plenty of folk music in various subjects and categories,such as the solar terms, wedding ceremonies and nursery rhythms. The widely extended folk music that almost covers every aspect of social life can be used to guide one's social behavior and the thoughts and concepts behind. This paper analyzes Zaozhuang folk music,especially the culture content and language features it exhibits,trying to reveal its significance in dialect studies and culture reserve,so as to arouse people's awareness in protecting and studying it.

  12. The Woman as Wolf (AT 409: Some Interpretations of a Very Estonian Folk Tale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Merili Metsvahi

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The article analyses tale type The Woman as Wolf, which is one of the most popular folk tales in the Estonian Folklore Archives and is represented there both in the form of a fairy tale and in the form of a legend. The vast majority of the versions of The Woman as Wolf were written down in the first part of the 20th century within Estonia and where recorded from Estonians. The article introduces the content of the tale, the origin of the first records from the early 19th century, and the dissemination area of the tale, which remains outside Western Europe: apart from the Estonian versions there are Sami, Karelian, Vepsian, Livonian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Russian, Ukrainian and Belarusian versions. While in almost all the Estonian versions the main protagonist is transformed into a wolf, in most of the versions written down in other areas and ethnic groups, another animal or bird replaces the wolf. The author is of the opinion that the Finnic area is central to the distribution of the folk tale The Woman as Wolf. The animal the woman is transformed into in the plot would not have been a wolf in earlier times. The article provides an explanation why the wolf is predominant in Estonian written sources. For that purpose the ways in which the wolf and werewolf were perceived in earlier Estonian folk belief are introduced. At the end of the article interpretation of the folk tale is provided. The author states that the plot and some of the motifs found in this folk tale reflect the difficulties women had in submitting to the norms and values of patriarchal order within their society.

  13. Common Terms

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Print Page Text Size: A A A Listen Common Terms Below is a list of diabetes-related ... a skin condition characterized by darkened skin patches; common in people whose body is not responding correctly ...

  14. Common Cold

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... nose, coughing - everyone knows the symptoms of the common cold. It is probably the most common illness. In the course of a year, people ... avoid colds. There is no cure for the common cold. For relief, try Getting plenty of rest ...

  15. Čajkanović's road from ancient Greek and folk literature to Serbian religion and mythology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jovanović Bojan

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available After a careful examination of the works of Čajkanović, the author points out to the importance of his comparative method in studying Ancient Greek literature, traditional folk creation and folk religion and mythology. Based on traces and parallels from other traditions, Čajkanović tried to reveal the forgotten meanings of the Serbian folk myth and religious practice. With this same approach, he attempted to reconstruct the whole system of an ancient Serbian religion and mythology, and to establish an identity of the Serbian supreme God. However, a critical review of this reconstruction shows its inaccuracy and scientific dismissal.

  16. Uma comparação crítica entre a Lista de Medicamentos Essenciais para Crianças da Organização Mundial de Saúde e a Relação Nacional de Medicamentos Essenciais (Rename

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helena Lutéscia L. Coelho

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Realizar uma comparação crítica entre a Relação Nacional de Medicamentos Essenciais (Rename, 2012 e a Lista de Medicamentos Essenciais para Crianças (LMEC, 2011 da Organização Mundial de Saúde (OMS, com relação às diferenças entre os medicamentos e as formulações listadas para crianças. MÉTODOS: Os medicamentos da LMEC foram classificados em quatro grupos: 1 não constam na Rename; 2 constam na Rename, porém sem qualquer formulação adequada para crianças; 3 listados na Rename apenas com algumas formulações; 4 constam na Rename em todas as formulações. As formulações que faltam foram analisadas por grupos terapêuticos. As alternativas presentes na Rename foram pesquisadas. RESULTADOS: Dos 261 medicamentos de interesse listados na LMEC, 30,3% não estão presentes na Rename, 11,1% estão na Rename, mas sem qualquer formulação pediátrica, e 32,3% estão presentes em algumas, mas não todas as formulações listadas na LMEC. Considerando todos os itens de formulações listados na LMEC (n = 577, 349 não constam na Rename, desses, 19,6% devido à intensidade de dosagem, e 18,5% devido à forma farmacêutica. Faltam formulações úteis específicas para cuidado neonatal, trato respiratório e sistema nervoso central, anti-infecciosos, entre outros grupos. CONCLUSÃO: A ausência de formulações adequadas à idade de medicamentos essenciais para crianças no Brasil inclui importantes grupos terapêuticos e medicamentos indispensáveis para quadros clínicos graves. Alguns desses produtos são encontrados no mercado farmacêutico brasileiro, porém não existem em unidades públicas; outros poderiam ser produzidos por laboratórios nacionais com interesse comercial ou estimulados por uma política governamental específica, como é feito em outros países.

  17. Therapeutic arthropods and other, largely terrestrial, folk-medicinally important invertebrates: a comparative survey and review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meyer-Rochow, V Benno

    2017-02-07

    Traditional healing methods involving hundreds of insect and other invertebrate species are reviewed. Some of the uses are based on the tenet of "similia similibus" (let likes be cured by likes), but not all non-conventional health promoting practices should be dismissed as superstition or wishful thinking, for they have stood the test of time. Two questions are addressed: how can totally different organ systems in a human possibly benefit from extracts, potions, powders, secretions, ashes, etc. of a single species and how can different target organs, e.g. bronchi, lungs, the urinary bladder, kidneys, etc. apparently respond to a range of taxonomically not even closely related species? Even though therapeutically used invertebrates are generally small, they nevertheless possess organs for specific functions, e.g. digestion, gas exchange, reproduction. They have a nervous system, endocrine glands, a heart and muscle tissue and they contain a multitude of different molecules like metabolites, enzymes, hormones, neurotransmitters, secretions, etc. that have come under increased scientific scrutiny for pharmacological properties. Bearing that in mind it seems likely that a single species prepared and used in different ways could have a multitude of uses. But how, for example, can there be remedies for breathing and other problems, involving earthworms, molluscs, termites, beetles, cockroaches, bugs, and dragonflies? Since invertebrates themselves can suffer from infections and cancers, common defence reactions are likely to have evolved in all invertebrates, which is why it would be far more surprising to find that each species had evolved its own unique disease fighting system. To obtain a more comprehensive picture, however, we still need information on folk medicinal uses of insects and other invertebrates from a wider range of regions and ethnic groups, but this task is hampered by western-based medicines becoming increasingly dominant and traditional healers being

  18. Student Commons

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gordon, Douglas

    2010-01-01

    Student commons are no longer simply congregation spaces for students with time on their hands. They are integral to providing a welcoming environment and effective learning space for students. Many student commons have been transformed into spaces for socialization, an environment for alternative teaching methods, a forum for large group meetings…

  19. Assessment of micronucleus frequency in exfoliated buccal epithelial cells among fisher folks exposed to mine tailings in Marinduque Island, Philippines

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Elena M Ragragio; Celeste P Belleza; Mark C Narciso; Glenn L Sia Su

    2010-01-01

    Objective:To evaluate the potential toxic effects of mine tailings exposure among the fisher folks residing near and far from the Calancan Bay, Marinduque, using the micronucleus assay as an endpoint.Methods: The fisher folks residing near and far from the Calancan Bay were interviewed and the presence and frequency of cells with micronucleus in exfoliated buccal epithelial cells were examined.Results: Results showed that the prevalence of cells with micronucleus was higher among the fisher folks who were directly exposed to the mine tailings as compared with those fisher folks who reside in a community without exposure of mine tailings and history of mining (P<0.05).Conclusions: The presence and the significant difference in the cells with micronuclei observed near the Calancan Bay could possibly indicate a prolonged chemical stress caused by the toxic heavy metals in the mine tailings and the environment.

  20. Physical fitness, menstrual cycle disorders and smoking habit in Croatian National Ballet and National Folk Dance Ensembles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oreb, Goran; Ruzić, Lana; Matković, Branka; Misigoj-Duraković, Marjeta; Vlasić, Jadranka; Ciliga, Dubravka

    2006-06-01

    The study investigated differences in morphological, motor and functional abilities between folk and ballet dancers. The sample comprised 51 female subjects: Croatian National Ballet (N=30) and Croatian National Folk Ensemble "LADO" (N=21). The data regarding menstrual cycle, menarche, number of births and smoking habit were collected and the morphological, motor and functional abilities measured. Significant correlations between the amount of fat tissue and number of births were found in both groups. Folk dancers were as tall as ballet dancers but weighted more and had a larger body frame (pBallet dancers were more flexible but there were no differences in absolute maximal oxygen uptake (2.65 vs. 2.35 L/min, p=0.101). Still, as the ballet dancers weighted less, their relative maximal oxygen uptake was significantly higher (37.62 vs. 50.22 mL/kg/min, pballet and professional folk dancers was found.

  1. The elements of Turkish folk culture of Âşık Deryâmî's poems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erol Eroğlu

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Âşık Deryâmî is one of the representatives of minstrel literature of the 20th century. Like his predescessor and contemporary minstrels, he lived as a member of ordinary people, and naturally, grew up with folk culture. The main purpose of this study is to examine the folk culture elements that take place in Minstrel Deryâmi’s poems. To achieve this goal books about Deryâmî hasbeen scanned with great care; proverbs, idioms, place names, plant names, local sayings, beliefs, occupations, folk poets and minstrels, prayers, curses, religious motives, relatiosships, musical instruments, fairy-tale motives etc. in books have been struggled to examine. The datas have been shown in tables. It has been brought out that two indispensible words “rose” and “nightingale” of both divan literature and folk literature are mostly used in Deryâmî’s poems.

  2. The creation of folk music program on Radio Belgrade before World War Two: Editorial policies and performing ensembles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dumnić Marija

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper deals with the establishing of the organizing models, on one side, and with folk music and its aesthetic characteristics in the interwar period, on the other. This problem significantly contributed to the present meaning of the term “folk music” (“narodna muzika”. The program of Radio Belgrade (founded in 1929 contained a number of folk music shows, often with live music. In order to develop folk music program, numerous vocal and instrumental soloists were hired, and different bands accompanied them. During that time, two official radio ensembles emerged - the Folk Radio Orchestra and the Tambura Radio Orchestra - displacing from the program the ensembles that were not concurrent to their technical and repertoire level. The decisive power in designing the program concept and content, but also in setting standards for the aesthetic values, was at the hands of music editorship of Radio Belgrade. The radio category of folk music was especially influenced by Petar Krstić (folk music editor in the period from 1930 to 1936 and his successor Mihajlo Vukdragović (1937-1940, who formally defined all of the aforementioned characteristics, but in rather different ways. A general ambivalence in the treatment of the ensembles that performed at the radio reflects the implementation of their policies. In comparison to the official orchestras, the tavern singers and players received poor reviews in the editors’ reports, despite their strong presence on the program. On the other side, the official orchestras were divided according to the regional folklore instrumentarium, but also according to the quality of playing. The Folk Radio Orchestra probably had double leadership, so it was possible to observe different approaches to the music folklore, which eventually resulted in a unique tendency towards cherishing folk music. This paper represents an attempt to show how the media term “folk music” was constructed and where it currently

  3. Lost in scales: Balkan folk music research and the ottoman legacy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pennanen Risto Pekka

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Balkan folk music researchers have articulated various views on what they have considered Oriental or Turkish musical legacy. The discourses the article analyses are nationalism, Orientalism, Occidentalism and Balkanism. Scholars have handled the awkward Ottoman issue in several manners: They have represented 'Oriental' musical characteristics as domestic, claimed that Ottoman Turks merely imitated Arab and Persian culture, and viewed Indian classical raga scales as sources for Oriental scales in the Balkans. In addition, some scholars have viewed the 'Oriental' characteristics as stemming from ancient Greece. The treatment of the Segâh family of Ottoman makams in theories and analyses reveals several features of folk music research in the Balkans, the most important of which are the use of Western concepts and the exclusive dependence on printed sources. The strategies for handling the Orient within have meandered between Occidentalism and Orientalism, creating an ambiguity which is called Balkanism.

  4. Mythical creatures of the Tamnava region: a basic mythological code in the serbian folk religion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Todorović Ivica R.

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Based on the fieldwork data and literature on Serbian ethnicity, the author argues that a unique mythical pattern exists among Serbs. This pattern represents the basic global set of mythical entities in Serbian folk religion. After serious structural-semantic analysis of a number of various mythical entities and motives, the author discovers a unique mythological base, established in firm semantic categories and relations. In this sense there are four basic mythical relations found at the base of the corresponding semantic systems: a four-member base of the first and foremost mythological code. The cited mythical sets are found also in other areas occupied by Serbs; therefore, they should represent the base of the whole Serbian folk mythology. Some other specific mythical entities also exist, neither so universal nor a part of this set, and therefore are excluded from the discussion.

  5. What kinds of alternative possibilities are required of the folk concept(s) of choice?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shepard, Jason; O'Grady, Aneyn

    2017-02-01

    Our concept of choice is integral to the way we understand others and ourselves, especially when considering ourselves as free and responsible agents. Despite the importance of this concept, there has been little empirical work on it. In this paper we report four experiments that provide evidence for two concepts of choice-namely, a concept of choice that is operative in the phrase having a choice and another that is operative in the phrase making a choice. The experiments indicate that the two concepts of choice can be differentiated from each other on the basis of the kind of alternatives to which each is sensitive. The results indicate that the folk concept of choice is more nuanced than has been assumed. This new, empirically informed understanding of the folk concept of choice has important implications for debates concerning free will, responsibility, and other debates spanning psychology and philosophy.

  6. Analysis of Shanxi folk songs%浅析山西民歌

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崔丽君

    2012-01-01

    Shanxi has a long history and profound. Here folk customs are handed down for thousands of years the local tradition of history, it is the country's cultural heritage, its unique form and strong atmosphere, contain is worn Chinese culture. Shanxi is "the sea of folk songs ".%山西的历史悠久而深厚。这里的民风民俗都是千百年来地方流传下来的传统历史,它是祖国的文化遗产,其独特的形式和浓厚的气氛。蕴藏着中国文化的底蕴。山西可谓是“民歌的海洋”。

  7. THE EFFECT OF REGULAR TURKISH FOLK DANCE TRAININGS UPON LEG MUSCLE STRENGTH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mustafa

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available In this study, the effects of 16-week regular Turkish folk dance training program from Sivas locale upon leg strength of the dancers were investigated. Fifty male dancers participated into the study voluntarily. Leg strength with determined test battery as well as the physical features like age, height and weight of the dancers participated into the trainings were evaluated. The measurements were performed twice including before and after 16-week training program. Paired- t test was used for the comparison of obtained data, and the level of significance was accepted as p<0.05. Consequently, it was determined that leg strength of the players significantly improved at the end of 16-week Sivas locale Turkish folk dance training program.

  8. Physical Fitness, Menstrual Cycle Disorders and Smoking Habit in Croatian National Ballet and National Folk Dance Ensembles

    OpenAIRE

    Oreb, Goran; Ružić, Lana; Matković, Branka; Mišigoj-Duraković, Marjeta; Vlašić, Jadranka; Ciliga, Dubravka

    2006-01-01

    The study investigated differences in morphological, motor and functional abilities between folk and ballet dancers. The sample comprised 51 female subjects: Croatian National Ballet (N=30) and Croatian National Folk Ensemble »LADO« (N=21). The data regarding menstrual cycle, menarche, number of births and smoking habit were collected and the morphological, motor and functional abilities measured. Significant correlations between the amount of fat tissue and number of births were found in bot...

  9. Effect of Motor Abilities on Performing the Hvar Folk Dance Cicilion in 11-Year-Old Girls

    OpenAIRE

    Srhoj, Lj.

    2002-01-01

    A battery of 21 motor tests as predictor variables and evaluation of motor performance of cicilion, a Croatian folk dance from the island of Hvar as a criterion variable, were used in a sample of 101 female fifth-grade students aged 11 years. Regression analysis showed the changed group of motor variables to be a good predictor of success in performing the cicilion folk dance with multiple correlation of 0.63. The flexibility variable of astride trunk bending forwards and frequ...

  10. 民俗摄影中武夷民俗文化的展示%Display of Wuyi Folk Culture in Folk Photography

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    方学军

    2011-01-01

    Wuyi folk culture photography shows clearly the most typical historical moment of its events, making its readers know the history development, figures and events, social situation and natural scenery, feel the pulses of Wuyi culture and deepen their reflections on it. To begin with folk events, this paper puts forward the method of field work to interpret the nature and its connotation with expressions of difference, report, special theme and conception.%武夷民俗文化影像展示与研究是以摄影为媒介把武夷民俗事项中最有代表性的历史瞬间视觉化清晰地呈现,使受众能从中认识武夷文化的历史沿革、人物事件、社会状况、自然景观,触摸到武夷文化的脉搏,进而引发人们对其深层思考。本文从民俗摄影涉及的民俗事项入手,提出用田野调查作业的方法,通过差异性、纪实性、专题性和观念性等表现形式诠释武夷传统文化的本质和内涵。

  11. Different Strokes for Different Folks: Entrepreneurial Narratives of Emotion, Cognition, and Making Sense of Business Failure

    OpenAIRE

    Byrne, Orla; Shepherd, Dean A.

    2015-01-01

    This multiple case study of eight entrepreneurial narratives of failed businesses examines how narratives that express different emotional states (folks) reflect different efforts to make sense of failure experiences (strokes). Our comparisons of the narratives' emotional content (describing emotional states at the time of business failure and presently) revealed some new insights. First, high negative emotions motivate making sense of a loss, while high positive emotions provide cognitive re...

  12. V. Amygdalina: Folk Medicine, Analysis, and Potential Application for Cancer Treatment

    OpenAIRE

    Izevbigie, Ernest B.; Howard, C.B.; Lee, K. S.

    2008-01-01

    Folk medicine (FM) is practiced by people without access to conventional medical services; it usually involves the use of natural remedies such as herbs or vegetable substances. Before the use of pharmaceutical drugs, and surgical procedures, these healing methods were used, and are still in use today. It is estimated that twenty five percent of all therapeutic drugs trace their origins to plants, and almost two-thirds of the people of the world rely on their healing powers. One hundred years...

  13. 闽南民俗体育文化研究%Minnan Folk Sports Culture Research

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贺春林; 吴连荣

    2012-01-01

    为了探讨闽南民俗体育文化的发展和社会功能,采用文献资料、实践观察、逻辑分析等方法,研究闽南民俗体育文化。结果表明:中原民俗体育文化随移民入闽,形成汉族农耕文化为主,少数民族沿海文化为辅的闽南民俗体育文化,并向娱神祭祀、节日庆典、社会风情等民俗体育文化发展,具有促进闽南民众人生观念的正向形成和两岸联谊共荣的社会功能。%This paper is to explore the development of Minnan folk sports culture and its social function. Minnan folk sports culture is studied through the means of literature, practical observation, and logic analysis. The results show that the folk sports culture in Central China was immigrated into Fujian and formed into Mirman folk sports culture with the priority of the Han nationality fanning culture and the supplement of minority coastal culture. Then it was developed to sacrifice and holiday celebrations as well as social customs. It can promote the right outlook of life among Minnan people and the co prosperity of cross strait fellowship.

  14. Toxic Mexican folk remedies for the treatment of empacho: the case of azarcon, greta, and albayalde.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baer, R D; Ackerman, A

    1988-09-01

    This article discusses the availability of three lead-based salts which are being used as folk remedies in Mexico. Distribution systems and geographic availability were determined, and purchased samples were found to be very high in lead content. The findings suggest the need for further research to understand the reasons why such remedies are chosen, and the development of an educational program to discourage their use.

  15. Folk Beliefs in Vietnam%越南的民间信仰

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘志强

    2005-01-01

    For complicated reasons, there are many religions in Vietnam, like Buddhism, Christianity, and Islam.However, it is hard to figure out which is the leading one. In history, Confucianism ever took the main position between Ly and Ly dynasty, but that only lasted three to four hundred years. In Vietnam, the folk beliefs play a great role in its people' s behavior,and have their own characteristics.

  16. TÜRK HALK KÜLTÜRÜNDE GELENEKSEL HALK HEKİMLİĞİ TRADITIONAL FOLK MEDICINE IN THE TURKISH FOLK CULTURE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Serdar UĞURLU

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Geleneksel Türk halk hekimliği binlerce yıllık bir geçmişe sahiptir.İslamdan önce ortaya çıkan bu gelenek İslamdan sonra da yaşamayadevam etmiştir. Bu nedenle günümüzde eski geleneksel iyileştirmepratikleri geçmişin inanç ve inanış unsurları ile birlikte uygulanmayadevam etmektedir. Bu gelenek eski din ve geleneksel ortamda şaman yada kamlar tarafından uygulanmıştır ki şamanlar eski gelenekte dinadamları olarak kabul edilmektedir. Yine kocakarılar, halk hekimleri veocaklılar (bir çeşit halk hekimi da yeni dinde ve gelenekte bu geleneğinyürütücüleridirler. Iyileştirme geleneğinde bazı uygulamalar günümüzmodern tıbbına ters olmasına rağmen, modern tıp ile uyuşanuygulamalara da rastlanmaktadır. Eski geleneğin halk hekimlerihastaları iyileştirmek ya da ilaç yapmak için doğadan faydalanırlardı. Budurum günümüz geleneğinde de değişmeden devam etmektedir. Bütünbunlara ek olarak bir halk eczacılık geleneği ilaç yapımında hayvanparçalarının ve çeşitli bitkilerin kullanılmasıyla ortaya çıkmıştır. Bu türhasta iyileştirme pratikleri ve ilaç yapım uygulamaları geleneksel aktarımyolları ile günümüze kadar ulaşmıştır. The traditional Turkish folk medicine has a history of thousands years. This tradition existed before Islam, has continued to live then.Therefore, nowadays, old-traditional healing practices continued to beapplied, contains marks of faith and beliefs of past. This traditionexecuted by shamans and kams, in the ancient religion and tradition, ismaintained by religion men, big wives, folk healers and ocaks (that is akind of folk healer in the new religion and culture around. Even thoughpresent-day practices of healing tradition are reverse of modern medicine,in this tradition there are also many practices overlapping with themodern medicine. Folk healers of old tradition have benefited from naturein order to make the drugs or heal patients. This

  17. 时间与空间的融合--俄罗斯抒情民歌中的“水”意象考论%The Fusion of Time and Space---“Water”images in Russian folk songs

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘柏威

    2016-01-01

    The variability of water is the most common symbol in Russian folk songs,for water can mark ei-ther space or time. We employed Bakhtin’s chronotopeto analyze the symbolic meanings of water with the ma-terials of Russian folk songs and the image of water. It is such time-and-space constructions with water images that appear in folk songs frequently and contributes to its beauty of quality that cannot be copied,becoming one of the peaks in Russian,even in world music and culture. Therefore,the folk song reflects the appealing for spiritual culture of Russian nations to some extent,and furthermore it deepens our understanding about Russian culture.%水的多变性特征使其成为俄罗斯抒情民歌中最为常见的象征手段。水不仅可以标记空间,也可以标记时间。此处,我们以巴赫金的时空体理论为基础,以俄罗斯民歌为语料,分析水所具有的象征意义,解构水意象。表示水意象的具体称名单位积极地参与到俄罗斯抒情民歌(特别是曼调长歌)的时空建构中,以其不可重复的品格之美,成为俄罗斯,乃至世界音乐文化的顶峰之一。抒情民歌在一定程度上反映了俄罗斯民族的精神文化诉求,进一步加深了我们对俄罗斯文化的了解。

  18. Use of Folk Therapy in Taiwan: A Nationwide Cross-Sectional Survey of Prevalence and Associated Factors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chun-Chuan Shih

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. This study investigates the prevalence of and factors associated with users of folk therapy in Taiwan. Methods. Using data from the 2005 National Health Interview Survey and the National Health Insurance Research Database, we identified 16,750 adults aged 20 years and older. Sociodemographic factors, lifestyle, medical utilization, and health behaviors were compared between people using and not using folk therapy. Adjusted odds ratios (ORs and 95% confidence intervals (CIs of factors associated with folk therapy were analyzed. Results. The one-month prevalence of folk therapy use was 6.8%, which was significantly associated with ages of 30–59 years (OR = 1.98, 95% CI = 1.49–2.63, women (OR = 1.63, 95% CI = 1.40–1.90, nonindigenous population (OR = 1.90, 95% CI = 1.14–3.17, having two or more unhealthy lifestyle habits (OR = 1.51, 95% CI = 1.26–1.81, high density of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM physicians (OR = 1.40, 95% CI = 1.20–1.62, and being ill without receiving medical care in past six months (OR = 2.11, 95% CI = 1.76–2.53. Medical care utilization of TCM and Western medicine were also associated factors for folk therapy. Conclusions. The use of folk therapy is correlated with sociodemographics, lifestyle and health behaviors.

  19. Use of Folk Therapy in Taiwan: A Nationwide Cross-Sectional Survey of Prevalence and Associated Factors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shih, Chun-Chuan; Huang, Lu-Hsiang; Lane, Hsin-Long; Tsai, Chin-Chuan; Lin, Jaung-Geng; Chen, Ta-Liang; Yeh, Chun-Chieh; Liao, Chien-Chang

    2015-01-01

    Background. This study investigates the prevalence of and factors associated with users of folk therapy in Taiwan. Methods. Using data from the 2005 National Health Interview Survey and the National Health Insurance Research Database, we identified 16,750 adults aged 20 years and older. Sociodemographic factors, lifestyle, medical utilization, and health behaviors were compared between people using and not using folk therapy. Adjusted odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of factors associated with folk therapy were analyzed. Results. The one-month prevalence of folk therapy use was 6.8%, which was significantly associated with ages of 30-59 years (OR = 1.98, 95% CI = 1.49-2.63), women (OR = 1.63, 95% CI = 1.40-1.90), nonindigenous population (OR = 1.90, 95% CI = 1.14-3.17), having two or more unhealthy lifestyle habits (OR = 1.51, 95% CI = 1.26-1.81), high density of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) physicians (OR = 1.40, 95% CI = 1.20-1.62), and being ill without receiving medical care in past six months (OR = 2.11, 95% CI = 1.76-2.53). Medical care utilization of TCM and Western medicine were also associated factors for folk therapy. Conclusions. The use of folk therapy is correlated with sociodemographics, lifestyle and health behaviors.

  20. Agricultural, domestic and handicraft folk uses of plants in the Tyrrhenian sector of Basilicata (Italy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guarrera Paolo

    2005-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Research was carried out into agricultural and domestic-handicraft uses in folk traditions in the Tyrrhenian sector of the Basilicata region (southern Italy, as it is typically representative of ethnobotanical applications in the Mediterranean area. From the point of view of furnishing a botanical support for the study of local "material culture" data was collected through field interviews of 49 informants, most of whom were farmers. Results The taxa cited are 60, belonging to 32 botanical families, of which 18 are employed for agricultural uses and 51 for domestic-handicraft folk uses. Data show a diffuse use of plants for many purposes, both in agricultural (present uses 14%; past uses 1% and for domestic-handicraft use (present uses 40%; past uses 45%; most of the latter are now in decline. Conclusion 60 data look uncommon or typical of the places studied. Some domestic-handicraft folk uses are typical of southern Italy (e.g. the use of Ampelodesmos mauritanicus for making ties, ropes, torches, baskets or that of Acer neapolitanum for several uses. Other uses (e.g. that of Inula viscosa and Calamintha nepeta for peculiar brooms, and of Origanum heracleoticum for dyeing wool red are previously unpublished.

  1. Linking social capital, cultural capital and heterotopia at the folk festival

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Linda Wilks

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper investigates the role of folk festivals in transforming interconnections between people, space and culture. It interlinks three sets of theoretical ideas: social capital, cultural capital and heterotopia to suggest a new conceptual framework that will help to frame a deeper understanding of the nature of celebration. Qualitative data were collected at two long-established folk festivals, Sidmouth Folk Festival in southern England and the Feakle Traditional Music Festival in western Ireland, in order to investigate these potential links. Although Foucault did not fully develop the concept of heterotopia, his explanation that heterotopias are counter-sites, which, unlike utopias, are located in real, physical, space-time, has inspired others, including some festival researchers, to build on his ideas. This study concludes that the heterotopian concept of the festival as sacred space, with the stage as umbilicus, may be linked to the building of social capital; while it is suggested that both social capital and appropriate cultural capital are needed to gain full entry to the heterotopia.

  2. Turkish folk medicinal plants, X: Ürgüp (Nev ş ehir

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    İsmail Şenkardeş

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available This study was made to reveal the folk medicinal plants used traditionally inÜrgüp (Nevşehir. During the research all the settlement centers (total 24, including 20 vil-lages visited and the field works have been done between June 2009 - June 2010, in may,june and july, lasting for 32 days in total. The specimens of the plants used as folk remedieshave been collected and the information such as local names, plant part(s used, therapeuticeffects, diseases and ailments treated, method of preparation and administration, dosage,duration of the treatment have been recorded. The collected plant specimens are kept in theHerbarium of the Faculty of Pharmacy, Marmara University (MARE. As a result of identifica-tion of 116 plant specimens, 67 species used as a traditional folk medicine, have been deter-mined. Among them 52 species are wild and 15 species are cultivated plants. These plantsand their local usages in treatment are presented in the text. The plants recorded in Ürgüpare mostly used for diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, cough, wound, asthma, stomachdiseases and high cholesterol.

  3. Indigenous narratives of health: (re)placing folk-medicine within Irish health histories.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foley, Ronan

    2015-03-01

    With the increased acceptance of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) within society, new research reflects deeper folk health histories beyond formal medical spaces. The contested relationships between formal and informal medicine have deep provenance and as scientific medicine began to professionalise in the 19th century, lay health knowledges were simultaneously absorbed and disempowered (Porter 1997). In particular, the 'medical gaze' and the responses of informal medicine to this gaze were framed around themes of power, regulation, authenticity and narrative reputation. These responses were emplaced and mobile; enacted within multiple settings by multiple agents and structures over time. The work is drawn from secondary material from Ireland, which identify more indigenous narratives of health and act as potential sources for medical humanities. While assumptions have been made as to the place of folk-medicine being essentially rural, evidence will be presented which shows a more complex network of health beliefs and practices. The narratives of informal practice and folk-medicine drawn from evidence from Ireland point to more fluid and hybrid relations with formal medicine and suggest that the complementary nature of the two models reflected wider cultural debates and models of belief (Del Casino Jnr., Health & Place 10:59-73, 2004).

  4. A meaning analysis about ‘feminine perception’ in the Turkish Folk Music lyrics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Banu Mustan Dönmez

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available In this study, ‘feminine perception’ which exists in the Turkish folk music lyrics was discussed in terms of its mystical and mythological roots. In this study, it was strived that a feminine meaning had been attributed to the earth; the way of the metaphorization of the words ‘earth mother’, ‘Moon’, ‘Sun’, ‘Venus’ parading in Turkish language and folk songs is a proof for this.Because the earth creates and feeds, it is called as ‘mother’; because it covers all the dirt and reveals the beauty although it is stepped on, it is dwelled on that it is the symbol of modesty and awe. Additionally, a living creature whose soul leaves from body, integrating with earth is perceived as the first attempt for mental migration (reincarnation so it has been showed in the study that earth is seen as a bridge in the condition for mystical creator-created identity. . Lastly, it is detected that feminine perception related to ‘moon’, ‘sun’ and ‘Venus’ are included in the Turkish folk music lyrics with the reason that they were carried from the ancient matriarchal in Anatolian civilizations till today.

  5. Structuring Knowledge of Subcultural Folk Devils through News Coverage: Social Cognition, Semiotics, and Political Economy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Patrick Williams

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available The folk devil concept has been well used in subcultural studies, yet its importance might be better served by distinguishing among multiple conceptual frames through which it is articulated. In this article, I clarify how folk devils are made possible through the interaction of three concepts used by sociologists to study everyday life. The first is the process of social cognition, where producers and consumers of news construct and propagate a shared definition of who subcultural youths are and why they should be the object of fear. The second are the semiotic structures of genre and narrative, which narrow the interpretive process of producers and receivers alike and sustain discourses that limit how subcultural youths can be understood in the news. The third has to do with political economy, where the ideological features of mass mediated news-making keep the news industry in relative control of meaning making. Social cognition, semiotics, and the political economy dialectically produce the phenomenon of the subcultural folk devil and support its objective effects. I review several studies of market and state-controlled media societies and note that, in both types, the objective effects on youths are similar and significant. In studying how subcultural youths are framed in the media output of transitional states and societies, the conceptual value of social cognition, semiotics, and political economy should be recognised.

  6. A meaning analysis on ‘feminine apprehension’ in the Turkish Folk Music lyrics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Banu Mustan Dönmez

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available             In this study, feminine apprehension, which exist in the Turkish folk music lyrics is discussed regarding its sufistic and mythological bases. In this study, it has been strived that a feminine meaning was attributed to the earth; and that the way of the metaphorization of the words ‘earth mother’, ‘moon’, ‘sun’, ‘venus’ parading in Tukish language and folk songs is a proof for this.          Because the earth creates, it is apprehensioned as ‘mother’; because of it covers all the scum and reveal the niceness although it is stepped on, it is apprehensioned as the symbol of modesty and greatness.  In addition to that, because when a soul leaving a body is to be mixed up with earth first, mixing up with earth is accepted as the first phase of reincarnation and consequently the earth is apprehensioned as a bridge which is a condition of sufistic creator-creature identity. Lastly, it is detected that feminine apprehension in terms of ‘moon’, ‘sun’ and ‘venus’ words are included in the Turkish folk music (türkü lyrics with the reason that they were carried from the ancient matriarchals in Anatolian civilizations till today.

  7. Predicting Variation of Folk Songs: A Corpus Analysis Study on the Memorability of Melodies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Berit Janssen

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available We present a hypothesis-driven study on the variation of melody phrases in a collection of Dutch folk songs. We investigate the variation of phrases within the folk songs through a pattern matching method which detects occurrences of these phrases within folk song variants, and ask the question: do the phrases which show less variation have different properties than those which do? We hypothesize that theories on melody recall may predict variation, and as such, investigate phrase length, the position and number of repetitions of a given phrase in the melody in which it occurs, as well as expectancy and motif repetivity. We show that all of these predictors account for the observed variation to a moderate degree, and that, as hypothesized, those phrases vary less which are rather short, contain highly expected melodic material, occur relatively early in the melody, and contain small pitch intervals. A large portion of the variance is left unexplained by the current model, however, which leads us to a discussion of future approaches to study memorability of melodies.

  8. Predicting Variation of Folk Songs: A Corpus Analysis Study on the Memorability of Melodies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Janssen, Berit; Burgoyne, John A.; Honing, Henkjan

    2017-01-01

    We present a hypothesis-driven study on the variation of melody phrases in a collection of Dutch folk songs. We investigate the variation of phrases within the folk songs through a pattern matching method which detects occurrences of these phrases within folk song variants, and ask the question: do the phrases which show less variation have different properties than those which do? We hypothesize that theories on melody recall may predict variation, and as such, investigate phrase length, the position and number of repetitions of a given phrase in the melody in which it occurs, as well as expectancy and motif repetivity. We show that all of these predictors account for the observed variation to a moderate degree, and that, as hypothesized, those phrases vary less which are rather short, contain highly expected melodic material, occur relatively early in the melody, and contain small pitch intervals. A large portion of the variance is left unexplained by the current model, however, which leads us to a discussion of future approaches to study memorability of melodies. PMID:28487668

  9. Common Courses for Common Purposes:

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schaub Jr, Gary John

    2014-01-01

    (PME)? I suggest three alternative paths that increased cooperation in PME at the level of the command and staff course could take: a Nordic Defence College, standardized national command and staff courses, and a core curriculum of common courses for common purposes. I conclude with a discussion of how...

  10. Common Courses for Common Purposes:

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schaub Jr, Gary John

    2014-01-01

    (PME)? I suggest three alternative paths that increased cooperation in PME at the level of the command and staff course could take: a Nordic Defence College, standardized national command and staff courses, and a core curriculum of common courses for common purposes. I conclude with a discussion of how...

  11. QCI Common

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2016-11-18

    There are many common software patterns and utilities for the ORNL Quantum Computing Institute that can and should be shared across projects. Otherwise we find duplication of code which adds unwanted complexity. This is a software product seeks to alleviate this by providing common utilities such as object factories, graph data structures, parameter input mechanisms, etc., for other software products within the ORNL Quantum Computing Institute. This work enables pure basic research, has no export controlled utilities, and has no real commercial value.

  12. [Causal concepts and health conduct in Indian folk medicine].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larsen, Ingeborg; Andersson, Hedda Goverud

    2007-12-13

    Norway is an increasingly multicultural society, and cultural diversities are a challenge for doctor-patient-relationships. Qualitative and quantitative studies aimed at describing health behaviour and causal concepts, were undertaken in a village in India in July 2003. 13 villagers and 5 local providers of traditional health care were interviewed in a semi-structured way, and questionnaire-based interviews were conducted in 56 (out of 118) households on health behaviour. Three main causal concepts were found: balance between the qualities HEAT: and COLD: in the body, DISTHI: (evil eye; witchcraft) and evil spirits. Health behaviour is mainly influenced by the understanding of what causes disease, experience with the provider of treatment and the treatment itself. Causal concepts, or ways of understanding disease, were common to those found in similar studies. Physician awareness of these concepts will be helpful when communicating with patients from other cultural backgrounds.

  13. Rhymes for children’s games in old folk songs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Margit Frenk

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Analysing the stylistic and formal features of ‘staged songs’ preserved in Golden Century sources, we check that some of the rhymes that accompanied children’s games seem to share the same characteristics. Furthermore, from a formal and structural viewpoint, these songs possess certain features that distinguish them from other compositions of the Iberian Peninsula Old Poetry. In general, these ‘staged songs’ are longer and show a constant metric and formal irregularity, that excludes them of what is commonly known as the ‘Old Popular Poetry’. These formal and structural differences reveal that‘staged songs’ having not been sieved through theclassical literature, as many other compositions of the old popular poetry have, keep their traditional flavour and are closer to contemporary folklore.

  14. Folk taxonomy and use of mushrooms in communities around Ngorongoro and Serengeti National Park, Tanzania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tibuhwa Donatha

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Maasai and Kurya form two main communities around the Serengeti National Park in Tanzania which are mainly pastoralists. Changing climate to excessive drought, have recently forced them to start practicing subsistence farming which is severely affected by wild animals. This study explored status of the folk taxonomy and uses of mushrooms in the two communities as a pave way for possibilities of introducing mushroom cultivation, an alternative crop which is hardly affected by wild animals. Methods Folk taxonomy and use mushrooms by the Kurya and Maasai communities were investigated. Information was collected by face to face interviews with 150 individuals in 6 selected villages. Using descriptive statistics by Statistic Package for the Social Science (SPSS version 17.0, the demographic characteristics of informants were evaluated and cross relationships with the recorded data were analysed. Results Kurya are mycophilic with 94% of the informants recognizing utilization of the wild mushroom either as foodstuff or as tonics while the Maasai are mycophobic with 99% being unaware of the edibility of mushroom although 28% recognized mushrooms as tonic. For both communities, the knowledge of mushroom utilization and folk taxonomy increased with age of the informants, while it decreases with formal education level of the informants which imply that the basis of knowledge is mainly traditional. Comparing the two communities, the Maasai use mushrooms only for medicinal purposes and never sought them for food while the Kurya were well knowledgeable on the edibility and folk classification especially the Termitomyces species. Characters used in folkal taxonomy included color and size of the basidiomata, shape and size of the pseudorrhiza, habitats and edibility information. A new use of ascospores whereby they anaesthaesia bees during honey harvesting was discovered, and mushroom cultivation was widely welcomed (94.7% as an alternative

  15. Instituting Commoning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    . STEALTH.unlimited

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Starting from the origins of the notion of management, this paper explores how commons governance is constituted by the earlier influential research of Elinor Ostrom, and pursues this with reference to scholars such as Saki Bailey, who emphasises that the choice of regulatory frame is ultimately a political one. We then argue that commons have to be ‘instituted’ in an open manner in order to remain accessible. This demands a set of scripts, rules or agreements that keep the process of commoning in place, and, simultaneously, keep commoning in a constant process of reproduction. We examine this tension and look at the shift in understanding about what ‘institutions of the commons’ have entailed in practice over the course of the last century and a half. Finally, we return to the political dimension to touch upon the question of whether, with the disappearance of the welfare state, a coherent concept of society can emerge from the current upsurge of commons initiatives.

  16. Creative Commons

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Lone

    2006-01-01

    En Creative Commons licens giver en forfatter mulighed for at udbyde sit værk i en alternativ licensløsning, som befinder sig på forskellige trin på en skala mellem yderpunkterne "All rights reserved" og "No rights reserved". Derved opnås licensen "Some rights reserved"......En Creative Commons licens giver en forfatter mulighed for at udbyde sit værk i en alternativ licensløsning, som befinder sig på forskellige trin på en skala mellem yderpunkterne "All rights reserved" og "No rights reserved". Derved opnås licensen "Some rights reserved"...

  17. Science commons

    CERN Document Server

    CERN. Geneva

    2007-01-01

    SCP: Creative Commons licensing for open access publishing, Open Access Law journal-author agreements for converting journals to open access, and the Scholar's Copyright Addendum Engine for retaining rights to self-archive in meaningful formats and locations for future re-use. More than 250 science and technology journals already publish under Creative Commons licensing while 35 law journals utilize the Open Access Law agreements. The Addendum Engine is a new tool created in partnership with SPARC and U.S. universities. View John Wilbanks's biography

  18. Creative Commons

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Lone

    2006-01-01

    En Creative Commons licens giver en forfatter mulighed for at udbyde sit værk i en alternativ licensløsning, som befinder sig på forskellige trin på en skala mellem yderpunkterne "All rights reserved" og "No rights reserved". Derved opnås licensen "Some rights reserved"......En Creative Commons licens giver en forfatter mulighed for at udbyde sit værk i en alternativ licensløsning, som befinder sig på forskellige trin på en skala mellem yderpunkterne "All rights reserved" og "No rights reserved". Derved opnås licensen "Some rights reserved"...

  19. Traditional medicine in Syria: folk medicine in Aleppo governorate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alachkar, Amal; Jaddouh, Ahmad; Elsheikh, Muhammad Salem; Bilia, Anna Rita; Vincieri, Franco Francesco

    2011-01-01

    The use of Traditional Arabic Medicine (TAM) for various diseases has been popular but scarcely studied in Syria. In the present study, we carried out ethnobotanical and ethnopharmacological research on the plants traditionally used to cure various diseases in northern Syria. The information was collected from the city and villages of the Aleppo governorate "Mohaafazah" in the north of Syria, collecting data directly on the basis of a detailed survey of inhabitants and herbalists. In this survey, we found that hundreds of plant species are still in use in TAM for the treatment of various diseases. We selected the most common 100 species, used in the treatment of more than 25 diseases. Among these plants, 53 are used for treating gastrointestinal disorders, 38 for respiratory system diseases, including asthma, bronchitis and cough, 34 for skin diseases, 21 for diabetes, 17 for kidney and urinary disorders, 16 for cardiac disorders, 14 for infertility and sexual impotency, 13 for treating liver diseases, 13 for several types of cancer, 9 for enhancing breast milk excretion, 8 for weight loss, 5 for reducing cholesterol, and three for weight gain. Plants were collected and identified: scientific Latin names, local names, the used parts of the plant, the herbal preparations and the local medical uses are described. Scientific literature concerning the activity of the investigated species is also reported and discussed according to their traditional uses.

  20. Argentine folk medicine: genotoxic effects of Chenopodiaceae family.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gadano, A B; Gurni, A A; Carballo, M A

    2006-01-16

    Chenopodium ambrosioides L. and Chenopodium multifidum L. (Chenopodiaceae), common name: Paico, are medicinal plants. They are aromatic shrubs growing in South America. For centuries, they have been used due to its medicinal properties. However, there are few reports in literature about the genotoxic effects of these plants. There for, the aim of these work is the evaluation of genetic damage induced by decoction and infusion of this plants which were assayed in different concentrations (1, 10, 100, 1,000 microL extract/mL culture), by addition of the extract to human lymphocyte cell cultures, negative controls were included. The endpoints evaluated were chromosomal aberrations (CA), sister chromatid exchanges (SCE), cell proliferation kinetics (CPK) and mitotic index (MI). The repeated measure analysis of variance was used for statistic evaluation of the results. The results showed: (a) statistical increase in the percentage of cells with CA and in the frequency of SCE when cultures were exposed to both aromatic plants, (b) a decrease in MI of both Paicos assayed, although no modification in the CPK values was observed, (c) no effect was noticed in the analysis of Chenopodium album L., which was used as negative control of the essential oil. These results suggest a cyto and genotoxic effect of Chenopodium ambrosioides and Chenopodium multifidum aqueous extracts related to the essential oil of the plant (as Chenopodium album did not perform).

  1. Genre Space of Folk Narrative Tradition: The Russian Case

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Georgiy A. Levinton

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper I intend to present the “narrative part” of a larger study, Genre Space of Traditional Russian Folklore (or Ethnopoetry, Oral Poetry, which is described in its entirety elsewhere. Two main dimensions (axes, distinctive features of the space are (a versified vs. non-versified (verse in Russian folklore, as in some others as well, means sung or recitative performance, and (bprosaic vs. non prosaic, where prose actually means ‘a story’, i.e., narrative. Thus we have four groups of genres: (1 narrative in verse, (2 non-versified narrative (prose sensu stricto, (3 non-narrative verse (lyrical song, lamentsand (4 “neither verse nor prose” (paroemia, spells, etc..The structure of the two narrative groups is mainly symmetrical; each of them has one nuclear genre, a “main” or most representative genre (fairy tale in non-versified genres, and bylina (epics in versified ones and peripheral genres,largely corresponding to each other. The category of ‘spiritual verses’ (dukhovnyie stikhi corresponds to sacred legends (both being sacral genres, although their repertory of tale types is quite different (e.g., non-versified oral legend includes no hagiographic legends, vitae. Historical songs (some historical ballads as well share common subject matter with historical legends (istoricheskoe predanie – tales about historical persons. Ballads roughly correspond to novelles (usually called novelistic or Romantic tales, AaTh 850–899, while comic or parody epics resemble the “Jokes and Anecdotes” of Aarne’s classification. For many European traditions I might mention Animal Tales and Animal Epics, respectively, but Russian tradition has no animal epics in verse. Each group has one feature that diminishes as one moves from the nuclear genre to the peripheral ones; in verse genres, this is verse itself. Epics are sung in bylina (epic verse; other genres combine epic verse and song-verse. In non-versified texts this feature

  2. Folk financial system reform to explore%民间金融体制改革的探究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    施碧月

    2014-01-01

    金融体制可以有效规范金融秩序,而民间金融作为我国金融体系的一个重要构成,其体制改革也是非常重要的。我国金融体制改革一直以来在民间金融体制改革方面还有所欠缺,促使金融体制无法适应民间金融的变化和发展需求。因为民间金融既有积极作用,也有消极作用,如果民间金融体制不够完善就会引发和扩大民间金融的消极作用。为了充分发挥民间金融对经济发展的积极作用,就要完善民间金融体制,同时改革民间金融体制和主流金融体制,并和民间金融特点相结合,从监管、利率、投资主体等方面完善民间金融体制,有效规范民间金融体制,避免其带来的金融风险,促使民间金融在推动经济发展方面做出贡献。%Financial system can effectively regulate the financial order and the folk finance as an important composition of the financial system in China, its reform is also very important. Financial system reform in our country has always been there lacks in the folk financial system reform, and encourage financial system cannot adapt to the change and development of civil financing needs. Because private finance has both positive effect and negative effect, if the folk financial system not perfect will cause negative effect and expand private finance. In order to give full play to the folk financial positive effects on economic growth, to perfect the folk financial system, reform the private financial system and the mainstream financial system at the same time, and with the characteristics, the folk finance from the perspectives of regulation, interest rate, investment subject, improve the folk financial system, effectively regulate the folk financial system, avoid financial risks and its prompt folk financial contribution in promoting economic development.

  3. T he Comparison of Turkish Folk Dancers with Sedentary People in Terms of Some Physical Fitness P aram e ters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ender ŞENEL

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study wa s to compare Turkish folk dancers with sedentary people in terms of some physical fitness p arameters . 12 women and 14 men from Turkish folk dances team, which took part in a contest in 2013 and 12 sedentary women and 14 sedentary men from Muğla Sıtkı Koçman University, totally 52 volunteers, pa rticipated in this study. Height, weight, strength, flexibility, vertical jump and anaerobic power of subjects were measured with measuring tools. Descriptive and Mann - Whitney U tests in SPSS 16.0 were used to analyze data. When physical fitness p arameters of men Turkish folk dances athletes and sedentary men were compared, while statistically significant difference was found between the right - hand grip strength, the left - hand grip strength and vertical jump (p0.05. When physical fitness p arameters of women Turkish folk dances athletes and sedentary women were compared, while statistically significant difference was found between the right - hand grip strength, the left - hand grip strength, vertical jump and a naerobic power (p0.05. Consequently, it was found that the right and left handgrip strength and vertical jump values of women and men Turkish folk da nces athletes were higher than sedentary. It can be said that these differences result from that they usually do exercises for development of these p arameters because of the nature of this sport branch.

  4. Indian Folk Music and ‘Tropical Body Language’: The Case of Mauritian Chutney

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Catherine Servan-Schreiber

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available In Mauritius, the meeting between Indian worlds and Creole worlds, through the migration of the indentured labour which followed the abolition of slavery in 1834, gave birth to a style of music called ‘chutney’. As a result of the African influence on an Indian folk genre, chutney music embodies the transformation of a music for listening into a music for dancing. In this article, the innovations brought into the choreographical dimension of the chutney groups will be taken as a key to understanding the adaptation of Indian rural migrants to a new ‘Indian-oceanic’ way of life through the experience of diaspora.  

  5. Using of Folk Art to Enhance Learning at English Lessons in Primary School

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tetyana Blyznyuk

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available In today’s multicultural space we can feel reassessment of existing paradigms of education in view of globalization changes, interstate cooperation in cultural and educational spheres. The article highlights the problem of human adaptation to foreign cultural environment, the contents of ethnographic knowledge, the needs of modern European and global integration. So the paper analyzes and interprets the urgent the idea of using ethnographic materials, including folk art, in teaching humanities and arts subjects in primary school, particularly in native and foreign languages, reading, science, music, manual work, etc.

  6. Ethnobotanics used in folk medicine of Tamil culture in Sri Lanka: a scientific review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jesuthasan, Anternite Shanthi; Uluwaduge, Deepthi Inoka

    2017-01-01

    Tamil culture has recognized the potential use of plant herbs for prevention and treatment of different diseases. These folk remedies have been practiced by Sri Lankan Tamils even after modernization. This review focuses on frequently used medicinal plants among Sri Lankan Tamil communities, such as Cuminum cyminum, Azadirechta indica, Coriandrum sativum, Sesamum indicum, Zingiber officinale, Trigonella foenum-graecum, Moringa oleifera, Plectranthus amboinicus, Allium sativum and Curcuma longa, for their documented medicinal properties, which include antimicrobial, antioxidant, antitumor, anti-inflammatory, antihypertensive, hypocholesterolemic, antidiabetic and diuretic effects.

  7. Wavelet-filtering of symbolic music representations for folk tune segmentation and classification

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Velarde, Gissel; Weyde, Tillman; Meredith, David

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this study is to evaluate a machine-learning method in which symbolic representations of folk songs are segmented and classified into tune families with Haar-wavelet filtering. The method is compared with previously proposed Gestalt based method. Melodies are represented as discrete...... coefficients’ local maxima to indicate local boundaries and classify segments by means of k-nearest neighbours based on standard vector-metrics (Euclidean, cityblock), and compare the results to a Gestalt-based segmentation method and metrics applied directly to the pitch signal. We found that the wavelet...

  8. AS A SYMBOLICAL LANGUAGE TREASURE: FOLK NARRATIVES SEMBOLİK BİR DİL HAZİNESİ: HALK ANLATILARI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nilüfer YILDIRIM

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Folk narratives, as for language, are the products of the common experiences. Narratives ascertain the agony, life style or pleasure of the society and therefore it is also flourished. They are inherited from generation to generation by means of language and above mentioned language is the main carrier of the cultural elements. However, the language emerges differently from these function. In folk narratives, there are also language functions that communicate the heroes. This language is constituted various symbolical expressions. The purpose of this study is to exemplify the symbolical communication language in folk narratives and give general information about the usages of symbolical functionof language. Halk anlatıları da tıpkı dil gibi ortak yaşanmışlığın ürünüdür. Anlatılar, toplumun acısını, hayat tarzını, zevklerini gözler önüne serer, gün ışığına çıkarır ve buna bağlı olarak zenginleşir. Halk anlatıları, dil sayesinde nesilden nesle aktarılır, anlatıların içinde bulunan kültürel unsurların taşıyıcısı yine dildir. Ancak dil, anlatılarda bu işlevlerinden farklı olarak karşımıza çıkar. Çeşitli konuların işlendiği halk anlatılarında kahramanlar arasında iletişimi sağlayan dil unsurları mevcuttur. Bu dil, çeşitli sembolik ifadelerle oluşturulmuştur. Bu çalışmanın amacı, halk anlatılarından verilecek örneklerle kahramanlar arasındaki sembolik iletişim dilini ortaya çıkarmak ve dilin sembolik işlevinin anlatılardaki kullanım şekilleri hakkında genel bilgi vermektir.

  9. The case of curers, noncurers, and biomedical experts in Pichátaro, Mexico. Resiliency in folk-medical beliefs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ross, Norbert; Timura, Catherine; Maupin, Jonathan

    2012-06-01

    We explore potential conceptual and cultural change in folk-medical models within a Mexican community that may have taken place over the past 30 years. Building on a study from the 1970s, we explore the effects a government-supported biomedical clinic had on the content and distribution of folk-medical concepts. Surprisingly, we find that despite a dramatic increase in access to biomedicine and a host of socioeconomic shifts opening access to new medical ideas, folk-medical knowledge in Pichátaro, Michoacán, Mexico has remained largely unchanged with respect to its distribution and content. Curers and noncurers not only agree with one another but also continue to agree with a general model held in the 1970s. It is the medical models of clinic personnel that stand out as odd within the community. Yet, despite these conceptual differences, the biomedical facilities of the town are well attended.

  10. Appraising traditional rhythmical structures of Turkish folk dances musics as a part of meter and “usul” concepts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eyüp Uzunkaya

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 21 false false false TR X-NONE X-NONE MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 The rhythm component is an important application tool in the evaluating phase of musical works metrically. Turkish Folk Music and folk dances’ music with or without lyric which is an important subcategory of it are cultural components, which contain measure forms. In the determination phase of thousands of works which belong to Turkish Folk Music repertoire, even the metric textures which belong to these works have been determined, and these appearing measure forms have held the distinction of being musical components, which provide the determination of time values and beat numbers of musical works. But these determined measure forms have been recognized as equivalent to traditional rhythmic performing methods, and some inaccurate digestions have been made based on the “usul” system basis that is used as a traditional performing form in Classical Turkish Music and the whole repertoire has been digested based on this “usul” system. So, the difference between counting music, stroking beats or playing has not been taken into consideration.Classification as playing forms and determination of performing forms, which are already existing and, which appears by a complete improvised conception and mostly carried on by a relation between the adept and the apprentice, based on all sorts of characteristic properties, which are analyzed on academic environments will reveal beats or methods of the traditional rhythmic performing of Turkish folk dances music. This article should be perceived as a starting point, a first step or a guide for determination works, which will be done in this context.   Keywords: folk music; folk dance; rhythm; meter; meter structure; traditional performing

  11. Folk Medicine

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Chapter 6 Chapter 7 Chapter 8 Chapter 9 Appendix I Appendix II Tables Figures State Programs Alabama Alaska Arizona ... http://www.cdc.gov/nceh/lead/CaseManagement/caseManage_appendixes.htm . File Formats Help: How do I view ...

  12. On the Popularity of Folk Music%论民族音乐的流行化

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡艳妍

    2015-01-01

    随着民族音乐与现代流行音乐融合程度的不断加深,“只有民族的,才有世界的”这一特点越来越大地呈放异彩。这种结合不仅使流行音乐具有了新的艺术风格与特点,也使越来越多的人认识了中国的民族音乐,更加关注民族音乐。%With the deepening integration between folk music and modern popular music,it has become more and more recognized that only the national character has the feature of the world.And this integration not on-ly makes popular music have new artistic style and features,but also helps more and more people know a-bout folk music and pay close attention to it.

  13. Medicinal plants and food medicines in the folk traditions of the upper Lucca Province, Italy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pieroni, A

    2000-06-01

    An ethnopharmacobotanical survey of the medicinal plants and food medicines of the northern part of Lucca Province, north-west Tuscany, central Italy, was carried out. The geographical isolation of this area has permitted the survival of a rich folk phytotherapy involving medicinal herbs and also vegetable resources used by locals as food medicine. Among these are the uncommon use of Ballota nigra leaves as a trophic protective; the use of Lilium candidum bulbs as an antiviral to treat shingles (Herpes zoster); Parmelia sp. as a cholagogue; Crocus napolitanus flowers as antiseptic; Prunus laurocerasus drupes as a hypotensive; and the consumption of chestnut flour polenta cooked with new wine as bechic. Many wild gathered greens are eaten raw in salads, or in boiled mixtures, as 'blood cleansing' and 'intestine cleansing' agents. Of particular interest is the persistence of the archaic use of Bryonia dioica root against sciatica, and the use of ritual plant therapeuticals as good omens, or against the 'evil eye.' Over 120 species represent the heritage of the local folk pharmacopoeia in upper Garfagnana. Anthropological and ethnopharmacological considerations of the collected data are also discussed.

  14. Specificity of the Immunomodulating Activity of Sasa veitchii (Japanese Folk Medicine Kumazasa) to Fungal Polysaccharides.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sato, Wataru; Takeshita, Kazuo; Tsuboi, Masamichi; Kanamori, Masato; Ishibashi, Ken-ichi; Miura, Noriko N; Adachi, Yoshiyuki; Ohno, Naohito

    2015-01-01

    Many plant extracts are used as well-known folk medicines and exhibit various biological activities that are beneficial to human health. These extracts contain polysaccharides, and some are pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) that stimulate innate as well as acquired immune systems. In the present study, the cooperative effects of PAMPs and bamboo water-soluble methanol precipitation (BWMP) in a macromolecular fraction of the hot water extract of Sasa veitchii (in Japanese folk medicine, known as Kumazasa; family Poaceae) were analyzed in vitro using the spleen or bone marrow cells of mice. The splenocytes of male DBA/2 and C57BL/6 mice were cultured with BWMP in the presence or absence of PAMPs, and responses were assessed by measuring cytokines. BWMP inhibited the production of interferon gamma (IFN-γ) by not only toll like receptors (TLRs), but also the C-type lectin receptors (CLRs) dectin-1 and dectin-2. BWMP also inhibited the autologous production of IFN-γ in the splenocyte culture. These results suggested that BWMP may inhibit the signaling pathways of PAMPs, but not ligand-receptor interactions. In contrast, BWMP did not inhibit the production of cytokines by dendritic cells. These results indicated that the inhibition of IFN-γ by BWMP was mediated through the cell-to-cell interactions of splenic cells during cultivation.

  15. Statistical Verification of Folk Medicinal Potentiality of Wild Dicot Aquatic Plants in Jordan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Al-Qura'n

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available This study describes a floristic study of Jordan with its environs. The study was carried out during 2001-2003 and 287 aquatic dicot samples were collected and photographed in the field. After the identification of the specimens, the total wild aquatic dicot species have been determined as 87 species belonging to 59 genera and 33 plant families were presented in investigated Jordan sites. The endemism rate of the investigated area is 26.4% for the 23 species. The largest 3 families are Labiatae (9 aquatic species, Compositae (7 species and Salicaceae (7 species. The largest genera are Mentha (6 species, Polygonum (5 species and Salix (5 species. Similarities between the taxa and those of neighbouring regions performed were compared in this study. 63 aquatic dicot species (73.3% have therapeutic similarities with neighbouring countries, while the 24 remaining species (26.7% haven't such therapeutic similarity. Emerged species (living with close contact with water body were the most recorded, while amphibious, submerged and floating species were the least. The folk medicinal importance value of aquatic species recorded was identified according to Friedman et al. [1]. Twenty one species (24% have ROP values higher than 50 and therefore; have the highest popularity in folk medicinal potentiality. Twenty six species (29.9% have therapeutic effects informed by less than three informants and therefore; excluded from further consideration. Forty species (46.1% have ROP values less than 50 and therefore; considered nonpopular medicinal plants.

  16. CORRELATION OF MORPHOLOGICAL CHA RACTERISTICS STUDENTS WITH SUCCESS IN PERFORMAnCE OF FOLK DANCES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amra Nožinović Mujanović

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available On the sam ple of 121stu dent from se cond and third gra de of Fa culty of physi cal edu ca tion and sport, is be ing me a su red by using 20 va ri a bles of morp ho lo gi cal cha racte ri stics and 4 va ri a bles for esti ma tion of the suc cess in per for ming the folk dan ces, with the aim to de ter mi ne the ir con nec tion to the re sults of the esti ma ted va lue from the practi cal part of Folk dan ce lec tu ring. Ba sed on pre sen ted re sults, by ca no nic cor re la tion analysis in ma ni fe sted spa ce, ma jor part of pre dic tion gro up is in vol ved in va ri a bi lity of suc cess of cri te ria va ri a ble what con fi rms one im por tant ca no nic par of fac tors (Ca noni cal R .40.

  17. SELF TALK: THE SELF-TALK STATUS AMONG MODERN AND FOLK DANCES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Serhan

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to examine the self-talk level among modern and folk dancers. A total of 291 dancers (Xage= 21,87 ± 2,54 with 153 female and 138 male in it, voluntarily participated in this research. In order to accomplish the research, Self-Talk Questionnaire (STQ, which was developed by Zervas, Stavrou and Psychountaki (2007 in order to find out individual differences in determined aspects related to motivational and cognitive processes in self-talk, and was adjusted to Turkish culture by Engür (2011. Descriptive statistical techniques and independent sample t-test techniques are used in analysing and interpreting data. The aim in using independent sample t-test is to reveal the differences in self-talk levels of sportsmen by demographic variables. The analyses are carried out with in the SPSS package software and significance level in the study is reached as P<0.05. As a result of this study, a significant difference in statistical aspect is observed between self-talk level and gender variable of dancers from different dance types. However, no significant difference in statistical aspect is observed in terms of modern and folk dancers.

  18. Yhteistyön kehittäminen Haapavesi Folk ry:n, paikallisten yritysten ja Haapaveden kaupungin kesken

    OpenAIRE

    Liukkonen-Karvosenoja, Jaana

    2013-01-01

    Opinnäytetyön tavoitteena oli selvittää, miten yhteistyötä Haapavesi Folk ry:n, Haapavedellä toimivien yritysten ja Haapaveden kaupungin välillä voitaisiin kehittää. Haapavesi Folk Music Festival -tapahtumalla on aikaisempien tutkimusten perusteella todettu olevan taloudellisia vaikutuksia paikkakunnan elinkeinoelämään, ja yhteistyöllä halutaan kasvattaa näitä vaikutuksia. Opinnäytetyön teoriaosuudessa käsitellään tapahtumia ja tapahtumajärjestämistä, matkailun ja tapahtumien vaikuttavuutta s...

  19. Highlander Folk Sohoolにおける成人教育の展開 : Citizenship School Programを中心に

    OpenAIRE

    藤村, 好美

    1996-01-01

    Almost everybody knows the name, Mrs. Rosa Parks, whose refusal to surrender her seat on a segregated bus sparked the Montgomery Bus Boycott in the 1950s. However, it is not known that her participation in a Highlander workshop in the summer of 1955, that is 5 months before the incident, had a crucial influence on her. What is the Highlander Folk School? What is its idea? This paper aims to provide a brief history of the Highlander Folk School, focusing on the development of adult education t...

  20. The Highlander Folk School: A History of Its Major Programs, 1932-1961. Martin Luther King, Jr. and the Civil Rights Movement [Series].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Horton, Aimee Isgrig

    This book reviews the history of the Highlander Folk School (Summerfield, Tennessee) and describes school programs that were developed to support Black and White southerners involved in social change. The Highlander Folk School was a small, residential adult education institution founded in 1932. The first section of the book provides background…

  1. Contemporary Challenges in Learning and Teaching Folk Music in a Higher Education Context: A Case Study of Hua'er Music

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Yang; Welch, Graham

    2014-01-01

    Literature reviews suggest that traditional approaches in folk music education are not necessarily compatible with the conventions of formal music education. Whilst many recent studies have tended to define these non-classical music learning contexts as "informal", the practice of folk transmission music appears to be much more complex…

  2. Migrant Mexican Traditions = Tradiciones Migrantes Mexicanas. An Exhibit of Folk Art by Mexican Migrant Farmworkers (Geneseo, New York, September 22-October 4, 1990).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Camacho, Juana; Gomez, Jose Luis

    This exhibit guide (in Spanish, with translation in English printed on adjoining columns on each page), describes an exhibition of folk art by Mexican migrant farmworkers presented by thre Folk Arts Program of the BOCES Geneseo Migrant Center. The exhibit is divided into four major themes that farmworkers presented by the BOCES Geneseo Migrant…

  3. Characteristics of brainstem auditory evoked potentials of students studying folk dance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yunxiang Li; Yuzhen Zhu

    2008-01-01

    BACKGROUND:Previous experiments have demonstrated that brainstem auditory evoked potential is affected by exercise,exercise duration,and frequency. OBJECTIVE:Comparing the brainstem auditory evoked potential of students studying folk dance to students studying other subjects.DESIGN:Observational contrast study. SETTING:Physical Education College,Shandong Normal University PARTICIPANTS:Fifty-five female students were enrolled at Shandong Normal University between September and December in 2005,including 21 students that studied folk dance and 34 students that studied other subjects.The age of the folk dance students averaged(19±1)years and dance training length was(6.0 ±1.5)years.The students that studied other subjects had never taken part in dance training or other physical training,and their age averaged(22±1)years,body height averaged(162±5)cm,body mass averaged(51 ±6)kg.All subjects had no prior ear disease or history of other neurological disorders.All students provided informed consent for the experimental project. METHODS:The neural electricity tester,NDI-200(Shanghai Poseidon Medical Electronic Instrument Factory)was used to examine and record Brainstem Auditory Evoked Potential values of the subjects during silence,as well as to transversally analyze the Brainstem Auditory Evoked Potential values.The electrode positions were cleaned and degreased with soapy water,followed by ethanol.The selected bipolar electrodes were situated on the head:recording electrodes were placed at the Baihui acupoint,and the reference electrode was placed at the mastoid of the measured ear,with grounding electrodes in the center of the forehead.Brainstem Auditory Evoked Potential values were elicited by monaural stimulation of a "click" though an earphone; the other ear was sheltered by the white noise.The click intensity was 102 db,the stimulation frequency was 30 Hz,the bandpass filters were 1 000-3 000 Hz,the sensitivity was 5 μV,and a total of 2 000 sweeps were

  4. "Gods" and "Divine Thinking" in Folk Literature: Beginning with Zhuang folk Tale Yexian%民间文学中的“神”与“神思”——从壮族民间故事《叶限》说起

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林安宁

    2012-01-01

    本文以民间故事《叶限》为切入点,结合当代壮族的民间文学与民俗事象,解读民间文学的“神人”、“神物”等形象。民间文学与民间信仰关系密切,“神人”与“神物”等形象是崇拜对象在民间文学中的反映。“神思”作为具有超凡脱俗的灵感和想象力的艺术思维,交融着民间信仰的神秘力量。它对民间文学的创作与传承起着非常重要的作用。%Beginning with Zhuang Nationality' s folk tale Yexian and referring to Zhuang contemporary folk litera- ture and the phenomena in folk customs, this paper analyzes and interprets the images such as "divine figures" "divine matters" in folk literature. Folk literature is closely related to folk beliefs, and "gods" and "divine mat- ters" are the worship objects reflected in folk literature. As an artistic thinking with outstanding inspiration and i- magination, "divine thinking" is integrated with mysterious power in folk beliefs; it is very important in the creation and inheritance of folk literature.

  5. On the Power of Folk Belief Culture%论民间信仰文化力

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张祝平

    2011-01-01

    Every culture has its particular power,a cultural system of a nation has its unique cultural power.In the world's comprehensive national strength competition,cultural power plays more and more important role and has become the core competitive power.Folk belief culture inherited from generation to generation is both the important component part of the traditional Chinese culture and the significant local cultural resource in constructing harmonious society.In the course of pushing forward the constructing socialist harmonious society,protecting and utilizing folk belief culture,the relationship between inheriting and developing should be dealt with correctly,the cultural power contained in the folk belief culture should be emancipated actively,and,the rich "cultural resource" should be turned into "cultural capital".%每一种文化都有着其自身特殊的力,一个民族的文化体系,也都有着其自身独到的文化力。在当代世界各国综合国力的竞争中,文化力充当了越来越重要的角色,已成为核心竞争力。传承至今的民间信仰文化既是中华民族传统文化的重要组成部分,也是和谐社会建设中重要的本土性文化资源。在推进社会主义和谐文化建设的进程中,应当正确处理民间信仰文化保护与利用、传承与发展的关系,积极解放蕴含其中的文化力量,努力使丰富的"文化资源"变成优质的"文化资本"。

  6. LEXICOGRAPHICAL TREATMENT OF FOLK TAXONOMIES, WORKPAPER FOR CONFERENCE ON LEXICOGRAPHY, INDIANA UNIVERSITY, NOVEMBER 11-12, 1960.

    Science.gov (United States)

    CONKLIN, HAROLD C.

    THIS REPORT DISCUSSES LEXICOGRAPHICAL CLASSIFICATION OF FOLK TERMS. THE CONCERNS OF SUCH CLASSIFICATION ARE DESCRIBED AS (1) IDENTIFYING RELEVANT SYNTACTIC STRUCTURES, (2) IDENTIFYING FUNDAMENTAL SEMANTIC UNITS IN SPECIFIC CONTEXTS, (3) DELINEATING SIGNIFICANT SETS OF SEMANTIC UNITS IN PARTICULAR DOMAINS, AND (4) TRANSLATING AND MARKING THE…

  7. Folk High Schools and Dropouts from Upper Secondary School: Effects of Non-Academic Investments in Dropouts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Borgen, Solveig T.; Borgen, Nicolai T.

    2015-01-01

    High dropout rates from upper secondary school are related to substantial societal costs, and are hence a major policy concern. The Norwegian folk high schools provide a non-academic education in an intimate and nurturing environment where interpersonal and social skills are emphasised, and where individuals grow in sense of self-esteem and sense…

  8. Exploring the Old Town School of Folk Music's Beck "Song Reader" Ensemble: An Interview with Nathaniel Braddock

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thibeault, Matthew D.

    2014-01-01

    This column presents an interview with Nathaniel Braddock, who created and teaches an ensemble devoted to Beck's "Song Reader" at the Old Town School of Folk Music in Chicago, Illinois. "Song Reader" is a collection of 20 compositions published as sheet music for musicians to record and release, with over 17,000 versions…

  9. Swedish Folk High Schools ("Folkhögskolor"): Past and Present. A Look from the Polish Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maliszewski, Tomasz

    2014-01-01

    The article presents an outline of the history of Folk High Schools in Sweden. The analysis includes mainly social and political determinants of their functioning in Poland's northern neighbor. The main trends of the evolution of social functions of these institutions has also been presented in the article encompassing 145 years of their…

  10. Study on Early Childhood Folk Art Education%浅谈幼儿民间美术教育

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾小冬

    2014-01-01

    中国民间美术作为中国文化民间艺术不可分割的一部分,它历史悠久、源远流长、种类频多、形式多样,民间美术教育是幼儿全面发展教育的一个有机组成部分,是指向民族文化的教育,是培养民族精神,培养幼儿全面素质的载体之一。幼儿学习民间美术能充分体验到感知美、创造美的愉悦。%Chinese folk art of Chinese culture as an integral part of the folk art, which has a long history, the type of frequency division multiplexing, diversity, folk art education is an integral part of the overall development of early childhood education,it is a pointer to the national culture education is cultivate the national spirit, one of the carrier’s overall quality of child care training. Children learn folk art can fully experience the perception of beauty, the joy of creating beauty.

  11. "Peda Folk 2006" esinejad selgunud. Ütle välja, mis sa mõtled!

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Tudengibändide festivalist "Peda Folk 2006" 18. apr. Rock Cafés. Tallinna noorsootöö keskus ja MTÜ Rampade Org kuulutavad välja esimese üle-Eestilise noorte protestilaulude konkursi (lõpptähtaeg 10. mai, info: www.taninfo.ee)

  12. THE RESEARCH OF EXPLOIT PROBLEM AND STRATEGY FOR TU NATION FOLK CUSTOMS TOURISM IN XIAOZHUANG VILLAGE, HUZHU COUNTY, QINGHAI PROVINCE

    OpenAIRE

    WANG SHENGPENG; ZHANG JIALIU

    2013-01-01

    Great achievements have been made in the folk-custom tourism of Xiaozhuang village in Huzhu County over the past years; however, a variety of problems is still there. Based on the case of Xiaozhuang village, this paper discussed the problems according to the survey; and the possible solutions are also proposed.

  13. Exploring the Old Town School of Folk Music's Beck "Song Reader" Ensemble: An Interview with Nathaniel Braddock

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thibeault, Matthew D.

    2014-01-01

    This column presents an interview with Nathaniel Braddock, who created and teaches an ensemble devoted to Beck's "Song Reader" at the Old Town School of Folk Music in Chicago, Illinois. "Song Reader" is a collection of 20 compositions published as sheet music for musicians to record and release, with over 17,000 versions…

  14. "Peda Folk 2006" esinejad selgunud. Ütle välja, mis sa mõtled!

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Tudengibändide festivalist "Peda Folk 2006" 18. apr. Rock Cafés. Tallinna noorsootöö keskus ja MTÜ Rampade Org kuulutavad välja esimese üle-Eestilise noorte protestilaulude konkursi (lõpptähtaeg 10. mai, info: www.taninfo.ee)

  15. THE RESEARCH OF EXPLOIT PROBLEM AND STRATEGY FOR TU NATION FOLK CUSTOMS TOURISM IN XIAOZHUANG VILLAGE, HUZHU COUNTY, QINGHAI PROVINCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    WANG SHENGPENG

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Great achievements have been made in the folk-custom tourism of Xiaozhuang village in Huzhu County over the past years; however, a variety of problems is still there. Based on the case of Xiaozhuang village, this paper discussed the problems according to the survey; and the possible solutions are also proposed.

  16. That Which We Call a Rose by Any Other Name Would Sound as Sweet: Folk Perceptions, Status and Language Variation

    Science.gov (United States)

    McKenzie, Robert M.; Osthus, Dietmar

    2011-01-01

    Folk perceptions of language diversity often differ from the criteria laid out by linguists and have particular implications for applied/sociolinguists since the collective identification of language diversity largely determines the ways in which individuals regard the categorisation of their own (and others) linguistic uses as belonging to a…

  17. Folk Beliefs, Religion and Spiritualism in Serbian Society in the 19th and first half of the 20th Century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Banić-Grubišić

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Review of the book by Radmila Radić. Narodna verovanja, religija i spiritizam u srpskom društvu 19. i u prvoj polovini 20. veka. [Folk Beliefs, Religion and Spiritualism in Serbian Society in the 19th and first half of the 20th Century]. 2009. Beograd: Institut za noviju istoriju Srbije, pp. 295

  18. 江西民间佛教与女性信仰%Jiamud folk Buddhism and women of faith

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钱寅; 王水根

    2012-01-01

    Buddhist beliefs can be divided into two systems: one faith, one folk Buddhism. Women believers to accept is relatively difficult letter. Therefore only folk Buddhism and its closer, because the history and so- cial. Jiangxi is a Buddhist resort since ancient times, popular Buddhism is also developed very well, with a large number of female Buddhist. Social atmosphere limited for women to Buddhism, but also provided an opportunity for them. In the folk activities of Buddhist, women occupy an important position. In short, there is the interaction be- tween folk Buddhism and femal Buddist,%佛教信仰可以分为两个系统,一是正信,一是民间佛教。由于历史和社会的原因,女性信众接受正信相对困难,是故唯有民间佛教与其更为接近。江西自古以来是佛教胜地,民间佛教也非常发达,拥有着众多的女性信众。社会风气为女性信仰佛教造成了限制,但也提供了契机。佛教民俗活动中,女性则占有重要的地位。总之,民间佛教和女性信仰二者之间相互作用,不断发展。

  19. 湘西民俗旅游对传统体育文化遗产的保护与利用%Protection and Utilization of Xiangxi Folk Tourism for Traditional Sports Cultural Heritage

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁金娥; 艾显斌

    2015-01-01

    With the methods of literature, on-the-spot investigation, the paper does the analysis of Xiangxi traditional sports cultural heritage content, exploring the interactive relationship between Xiangxi folk tourism and traditional sports cultural heritage protection, and offers some proposals for Xiangxi traditional sports cultural heritage protection and utilization: using the overall advantages of Xiangxi folk tourism and traditional sports cultural heritage to reach the mutual promotion and common development; for folk tourism market to promote the industrialization development of traditional sports cultural heritage; to deal with traditional sports cultural heritage resources development and protection, the relationship between the sustainable development of Xiangxi traditional sports and cultural heritage.%文章采用文献资料法、实地考察等研究方法,分析湘西传统体育文化遗产内容,探寻湘西民俗旅游与传统体育文化遗产保护的互动关系,并对湘西传统体育文化遗产的保护与利用提出建议:利用湘西民俗旅游和传统体育文化遗产的整体优势,相互促进,共同发展;面向民俗旅游市场,促进传统体育文化遗产产业化发展;处理好传统体育文化遗产资源开发与保护之间的关系,旨在为湘西传统体育文化遗产的可持续发展提供借鉴。

  20. Identification of amino acids in Securigera securidaca, a popular medicinal herb in Iranian folk medicine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S.E. Sadat-Ebrahimi

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Securigera securidaca (L. Degen & Dorfl grows in different parts of Iran. The seeds of the species are used in Iranian folk medicine as an anti-diabetic agent. Many studies have established hypoglycemic effects of amino acids and in the present investigation, amino acids of Securigera securidaca seeds have been evaluated. The ground seeds were extracted using petroleum ether, hot ethanol and ethanol 50%, respectively. ethanol 50% extract was chromatographed over cation exchanging resin and the resulting amino acid fraction was subjected to HPLC after OPA derivatization and the amino acids were identified by comparing to standards. The results evidenced the presence of 19 amino acids in the plant extract including alanine, arginine, asparagine, aspartic acid, citrulline, glutamic acid, glutamine, glycine, histidine, isoleucine, leucine, lysine, methionine, phenylalanine, serine, threonine, tyrosine and valine. Considering the role of some amino acids in diabetes the above amino acids could be noted as hypoglycemic agents of the plant seeds but further studies are necessary.

  1. Ethnomusicological biography of the traditional folk musician: Biography of the gusle-player

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lajić-Mihajlović Danka

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available With the development of ethnomusicology from a comparative discipline to an anthropologically oriented science there has been an increase in the significance of the biography of folk musicians as scientific sources. The intention of the anthropological thought to accept and theoretically consider human nature as open and dynamic, has been realized in the ethnomusicological plane through the understanding of music as a product of thinking and behaviour of a particular musician in given circumstances. The concept of an artist is especially complex in the field of oral music culture, where creation and performance are connected in one person and the transferring process involves direct communication. The attempt to overcome the dichotomy of the musicological and sociological, i. e. anthropological attitude in ethnomusicology by synthesizing concepts which involve music, culture and man has brought particular importance to the relations between individual biographies and 'biographies of the collective' - relevant historical ethnological, anthropological, sociological, culturological, religion ideological and other types of data. Observations enlightening the social side of the folk musician's personality make the necessary 'frame' for the biography: from 'objective' social circumstances which modelled it to the opinion of the cultural environment about his performing. The folk musician's biography oriented towards ethnomusicology involves the result of a critical evaluation of the picture based on the emic and ethic vision autobiographical data and the observations of others, primarily researchers. The complexity of a biographical discourse in ethnomusicology can be perfectly seen in the example of the gusle-player's biography, as a genre-determined solo role in the tradition. For studying the relation between a person and a style of music expression, concerning gusle-players it is important to bear in mind the change in the profile of gusle

  2. Ethnomedicinal plants of Jodhpur District, Rajasthan used in herbal and folk remedies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B.B.S.Kapoor

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The Jodhpur district a part of Thar Desert is very rich in medicinal plant wealth. The medicinal plants of this region have great potential to be used in drug and pharmaceutical industries. These herbal plants have been used by local people, tribal communities, vendors, native doctors such as Ojhas, Bhagats Bhopas and experts of Ayurvedic fields since long time in herbal and folk remedies. Kalbelia, Nats, Bhils, Raika, Bhopas, Banjara, Gadolia-Lohar, Saharia and Meena communities of this district have a rich knowledge of plants based traditional medicines. Ten ethnomedicinal plants like Cleome gynandra Linn., Clerodendrum phlomidis Linn., Cassia angustifolia Vahl., Echinops echinatus Roxb., Leucas aspera (Willd. Spreng., Mimosa hamata Willd., Moringa oleifera Lamk., Pedalium murex Linn., Peganum harmala Linn., Sida cordifolia Linn. have been selected for this research work. The present investigation is aimed to create awareness about the ethnomedicinal value of the plants and their uses to draw the attention of pharmacologists, phytochemists and pharmaceuticals.

  3. A fatal case of hypermagnesemia caused by ingesting magnesium chloride as a folk remedy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torikoshi-Hatano, Aiko; Namera, Akira; Shiraishi, Hiroaki; Maeno, Yoshitaka; Kato, Hideaki; Nagao, Masataka

    2013-11-01

    We report a fatal case of hypermagnesemia caused by oral ingestion of milk containing magnesium chloride as a folk remedy. The autopsy of the 75-year-old woman showed no injury or illness as the cause of death. Neither alcohol nor controlled drugs were found by the toxicological analysis. Her posthumous serum magnesium concentration was 10.2 mg/dL. The concentration of magnesium in serum was higher than that of the previous reports. Therefore, the cause of death was considered to be hypermagnesemia. Recently, the prescription drugs, over-the-counter drugs, and health foods containing magnesium are consumed as supplements in the world, and their potential toxicity should be recognized.

  4. Screening of plants used in Argentine folk medicine for antimicrobial activity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anesini, C; Perez, C

    1993-06-01

    Screening of 132 extracts from Argentine folk-medicinal plants for antimicrobial activity has been conducted using a penicillin G resistant strain of Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli and Aspergillus niger as test microorganisms. Cephazolin, ampicillin and miconazole were used as standard antibiotics and concentration-response curves were obtained using the agar-well diffusion method. Boiling water extracts of plant materials were tested and 12 species were active against Staphylococcus aureus, whereas 10 were effective against Escherichia coli and 4 against Aspergillus niger. Tabebuia impetiginosa bark, Achyrocline sp. aerials parts, Larrea divaricata leaves, Rosa borboniana flowers, Punica granatum fruit pericarp, Psidium guineense fruit pericarp, Lithrea ternifolia leaves and Allium sativum bulbs produced some of the more active extracts.

  5. Ethnobotanical survey of Zagori (Epirus, Greece), a renowned centre of folk medicine in the past.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vokou, D; Katradi, K; Kokkini, S

    1993-08-01

    Zagori is a group of villages in and around the National Park of Vikos-Aoos, in Epirus, north-west Greece. It was renowned in previous centuries as a major centre of folk medicine, and its practitioners, called 'vikoyiatri' or 'komboyiannites', were famous beyond the borders of Greece. Given the rich biological and cultural heritage of Zagori, we have tried to evaluate the present status concerning the medicinal flora of the area and its uses in the everyday life of the Zagori inhabitants. About 100 plants and their uses for therapeutic and other purposes are reported. Information included comes from both literature sources and interviewed informants. Traditional healing has not been altogether wiped out of Zagori. However, it no longer reflects the famous past and rich medicinal flora of the area.

  6. Traditional folk event with national importance: The impact of visitors’ age

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Petra Solarová

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available In the context of the cultural tourism, this paper focuses on the traditional folk event with national importance that is held in the Czech Republic and its name is Porta. The aim is to assess characteristic traits and satisfaction of two age categories of Porta´s visitors. Through the realised research among visitors, the importance of segmentation was proved. Hence, it is crucial to focus on getting to know the visitors and their motivation. In addition to that, cultural events are also important for local government. According to the officials of local government, where this event is held, such events are able to attract visitors to the particular locality. However, they have only limited opportunities how to support these events (especially from the financial viewpoint.

  7. Elite Vs. Folk Bilingualism: The Mismatch between Theories and Educational and Social Conditions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carmen Helena Guerrero

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available This article aims at contributing to the ongoing discussion about how bilingualism is understood in the current National Bilingualism Plan (PNB for its initials in Spanish. Based on previous research and discussions held at academic events, it is evident that the promoters of the PNB use the term “bilingualism” in a rather indiscriminate way, without adopting a clear approach or definition. This ambiguity in conceptualization has serious consequences in the way the PNB is implemented around the country. The main contribution of this reflection article is, then, to explore from a theoretical perspective two opposite types of bilingualism: elite/folk bilingualism to show that even though on the surface the PNB seems to aim at an elite bilingualism, the educational and social conditions show otherwise.

  8. FCJ-183 iHootenanny: A Folk Archeology of Social Media

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Henry Adam Svec

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper excavates two models of communication that can be found littered across the intertwining histories of folk revivalism and digital culture in the United States. First I examine the Hootenanny, initially a form of rent party made popular in New York City in the 1940s by the group the Almanac Singers, which constituted a complex site of convergence of a range interests, styles, media, and performance genres. Second, I explore how the utopian vision of a community joined in song has been taken up recently by ‘social music’ iPhone apps made by the developer Smule. I will ultimately consider how the mediation idealised by the Almanacs has trickled down to a narcissistic will-to-be-‘in touch’ in mainstream digital culture, making the Hootenanny a virtual path untaken in the history of mobile communication.

  9. National costume in the folk photography%民俗摄影中的民族服饰拍摄

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    桂丽

    2014-01-01

    Folk photography to record folk custom theme, record and collect on the folk culture, display the unique perspective of rich and colorful folk life. The folk costume with its bright colors, special shape to attract the majority of photography enthusiasts note. This paper mainly discusses the attention in national costume shooting process, 56 nationalities of China dress differ in thousands of ways, some bright colors, and some to the most beautiful embroidery patterns, some wins in the form of wonderful, we should according to the different characteristics of shooting, and more attention should be paid to dress as a symbol of culture carrier with the clothes people.%民俗摄影以记录民俗事象为题材,对民俗文化进行拍摄记录、搜集整理,以独特的记录手段和视角展示民俗生活的丰富多彩。民俗文化中的服饰民俗以其艳丽的色彩、特殊的形制吸引了广大摄影爱好者的注意。本文主要探讨了在民族服饰拍摄过程中应注意的问题,我国56个民族,服饰千差万别,有的色彩绚丽,有的以刺绣纹样最美,有的胜在形制奇妙,应针对不同的特色进行拍摄,要注重服饰作为文化符号载体同穿着服饰的人之间的关系。

  10. Traditional medicine and childcare in Western Africa: mothers' knowledge, folk illnesses, and patterns of healthcare-seeking behavior.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandra M Towns

    Full Text Available In spite of the strong role of traditional medicine in childcare in the pluralistic healthcare system in Western Africa, little information is known on mothers' domestic plant knowledge. Identifying local perspectives and treatments of children's illnesses, including folk illnesses, is essential to having a comprehensive understanding of how mothers make healthcare treatment decisions. We aimed to identify which infant illnesses Beninese and Gabonese mothers knew to treat with medicinal plants and for which illnesses they sought biomedical care or traditional healers.We conducted 81 questionnaires with mothers in Bénin and Gabon and made 800 botanical specimens of cited medicinal plants. We calculated the number of species cited per illness and the proportion of participants knowledgeable on at least one herbal remedy per illness. Using qualitative data, we described folk illnesses in each country and summarized responses on preferences for each of the three healthcare options.Participants from both countries were most knowledgeable on plants to treat respiratory illnesses, malaria, diarrhea, and intestinal ailments. Mothers also frequently mentioned the use of plants to encourage children to walk early, monitor the closure of fontanels, and apply herbal enemas. Major folk illnesses were atita and ka in Bénin and la rate and fesses rouges in Gabon. Traditional healers were reported to have specialized knowledge of cultural bound illnesses. Malaria was frequently cited as an illness for which mothers would directly seek biomedical treatment.Mothers largely saw the three systems as complementary, seamlessly switching between different healing options until a remedy was found. Folk illnesses were found to give insight into local treatments and may reveal important neglected diseases. Due to high reported levels of knowledge on treating top statistical causes of infant mortality and folk illnesses, mothers' medicinal plant knowledge should be

  11. Naïve realism: folk fallacies in the design and use of visual displays.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smallman, Harvey S; Cook, Maia B

    2011-07-01

    Often implicit in visual display design and development is a gold standard of photorealism. By approximating direct perception, photorealism appeals to users and designers by being both attractive and apparently effortless. The vexing result from numerous performance evaluations, though, is that increasing realism often impairs performance. Smallman and St. John (2005) labeled misplaced faith in realistic information display Naïve Realism and theorized it resulted from a triplet of folk fallacies about perception. Here, we illustrate issues associated with the wider trend towards realism by focusing on a specific current trend for high-fidelity perspective view (3D) geospatial displays. In two experiments, we validated Naïve Realism for different terrain understanding tasks, explored whether certain individuals are particularly prone to Naïve Realism, and determined the ability of task feedback to mitigate Naïve Realism. Performance was measured for laying and judging a concealed route across realistic terrain shown in different display formats. Task feedback was either implicit, in Experiment 1, or explicit in Experiment 2. Prospective and retrospective intuitions about the best display formats for the tasks were recorded and then related to task performance and participant spatial ability. Participants generally intuited they would perform tasks better with more realism than they actually required. For example, counter to intuitions, lowering fidelity of the terrain display revealed the gross scene layout needed to lay a well-concealed route. Individuals of high spatial ability calibrated their intuitions with only implicit task feedback, whereas those of low spatial ability required salient, explicit feedback to calibrate their intuitions about display realism. Results are discussed in the wider context of applying perceptual science to display design, and combating folk fallacies.

  12. Re-naming D Double Prime

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chao, Benjamin F.

    1999-01-01

    "Knowledge about the dynamics of the D double prime region is a key to unlock some fundamental mysteries of the Earth heat engine which governs a wide range of global geophysical processes from tectonics to geodynamo." This benign sentence makes complete sense to many geophysicists. But for many others, it makes sense all except the odd nomenclature "D double prime". One knows about the crust, upper and lower mantle, outer and inner core, but where is the D double prime region? What meaning does it try to convey? Where is D prime region, or D, or A, B, C regions for that matter, and are there higher-order primes? How does such an odd name come about anyway? D double prime, or more "simply" D", is a generic designation given to the thin shell, about 200 km thick, of the lowermost mantle just above the core-mantle boundary inside the Earth. Incidentally, whether D" is "simpler" than "D double prime" depends on whether you are pronouncing it or writing/typing it; and D" can be confusing to readers in distinguishing quotation marks (such as in the above sentences) and second derivatives, and to word processors in spelling check and indexing.

  13. Indigenous knowledge for plant species diversity: a case study of wild plants' folk names used by the Mongolians in Ejina desert area, Inner Mongolia, P. R. China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Soyolt

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Folk names of plants are the roots of traditional plant biodiversity knowledge. This paper mainly records and analyses the wild plant folk names of the Mongolians in the Ejina desert area based on a field survey for collection and identification of voucher specimens. The results show that a total of 121 folk names of local plants have correspondence with 93 scientific species which belong to 26 families and 70 genera. The correspondence between plants' Mongol folk names and scientific species may be classified as one to one correspondence, multitude to one correspondence and one to multitude correspondence. The Ejina Mongolian plant folk names were formed on the basis of observations and an understanding of the wild plants growing in their desert environment. The high correspondence between folk names and scientific names shows the scientific meaning of folk botanical nomenclature and classification. It is very useful to take an inventory of biodiversity, especially among the rapid rural appraisal (RRA in studying biodiversity at the community level.

  14. Indigenous knowledge for plant species diversity: a case study of wild plants' folk names used by the Mongolians in Ejina desert area, Inner Mongolia, P. R. China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khasbagan; Soyolt

    2008-01-16

    Folk names of plants are the roots of traditional plant biodiversity knowledge. This paper mainly records and analyses the wild plant folk names of the Mongolians in the Ejina desert area based on a field survey for collection and identification of voucher specimens. The results show that a total of 121 folk names of local plants have correspondence with 93 scientific species which belong to 26 families and 70 genera. The correspondence between plants' Mongol folk names and scientific species may be classified as one to one correspondence, multitude to one correspondence and one to multitude correspondence. The Ejina Mongolian plant folk names were formed on the basis of observations and an understanding of the wild plants growing in their desert environment. The high correspondence between folk names and scientific names shows the scientific meaning of folk botanical nomenclature and classification. It is very useful to take an inventory of biodiversity, especially among the rapid rural appraisal (RRA) in studying biodiversity at the community level.

  15. 论《紫颜色》的民间视角%Folk perspective in Color Purple

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尤蕾

    2016-01-01

    In Color Purple, Walker unfolds black women’s folk culture from a unique folk perspective. The folk values Walker upholds are closely related to and can be perceived in black women discourse pio-neered in the novel. In respect to its literary style and language, the novel fully reflects the guiding creation principle of black music Blues, therefore it is a perfect embodiment of black folk aesthetics. If we make a comparison between Walker and LU Xun, we’ll find the former’s criticism of the latter mirrors their different values. As national fables of complex relationship between the loner and the mass, LU Xun’s works are a footnote of Chinese scholars’ enlightenment values in the context of May Fourth Movement, while Walker, as the “defender” of black women, presents folk life as her principal aesthetic object, thus conveying her folk values.%在《紫颜色》中,沃克以民间视角来呈现美国南方黑人女性的民间文化,开拓了黑人女性的话语空间,传递了作家的民间价值立场。在文学样式和语言的选择上,《紫颜色》充分体现了黑人音乐布鲁斯的创作原则。从这个意义上来讲,小说是对黑人民间美学的艺术再现。将沃克与鲁迅相比较,可以看出前者对后者的批评源于二人迥异的价值取向:鲁迅的作品是反映孤独者与大众之间复杂关系的民族寓言,是“五四”语境下中国文人启蒙立场的注脚;而沃克作为黑人妇女的“辩护人”,把民间世界的生活上升为作品主要审美对象,是其民间立场的投射。

  16. 宋代徽州的民间宗教信仰——以《新安志》为中心%Huizhou Folk Religion and Belief in the Song Dynasty:On The Xin'an County Gazette

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王昌宜

    2011-01-01

    宋代徽州人信奉的神灵名目繁多,既囊括了传统佛、道诸神,亦包括名目众多、带有很强地域色彩的英雄人物崇拜和自然神信仰等等。这些名目繁多的民间宗教信仰的出现在某种程度上反映了宋代徽州人的人生态度和价值取向,从中我们可以看到普通百姓祈求神灵保护、追求美好生活的心态和愿望。而神灵种类的繁多,又体现了宋代徽州民间信仰的功利性特征。%In the Song Dynasty,people in Huizhou believed in many kinds of gods and spirits,including traditional gods of Buddhism and Taoism,heroes worshipped by the folks,and the natural gods.The appearance of these religions and beliefs reflected Huizhou people's attitude to life and value orientation,from which we can find common persons' wish for gods and spirits' protection and pursuit for a better life;the existing of so many kinds of gods and spirits also reflected the utilitarian features of folk religion and belief in the Song Dynasty.

  17. 民窑之辩——石湾窑文化解析%Defence of Folk Kiln: Interpretation of Shiwan Kiln Culture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周彝馨; 吕唐军

    2013-01-01

    Shiwan kiln,a renowned folk kiln in China,had suffered negligence and misunderstanding in Chinese ceramic history and its representative position as "China Pottery producer" was belittled at the same time.Shiwan pottery traces back to the Neolithic age and reached the peak in Ming and Qing Dynasties.Culturally,Shiwan kiln has nine characteristics which can be summarized as follows:having a long history and extensive influence; fostering strengths and circumventing weakness; exploring original ways; assimilating the quintessence and discarding dregs; excelling at imitation and creation; deriving from life but going beyond life; endowed excellence by magic and rendered elegance by simplicity; poetic expression in treasure of art; embodying the character of Lingnan culture and the local feature of Guangdong region; masters coming forth continuously,carrying its heritage endlessly forward; skilled at craft but unconcerned about theory.The difference between official kiln and folk kiln lies in taste rather than art.Official kiln caters exclusively to the taste of the ruling class while the folk kiln aims to provide the pleasure of life to be enjoyed by common people.Simplicity makes pottery while delicateness makes porcelain.Therefore,a comparison is unable to be made between them.Shiwan kiln stands out from the famous kilns in China.The articles,shaped with common pottery clay,exceed the achievement of numerous famed kilns.They reflect Lingnan culture and succeed in pushing Chinese pottery to a summit.%石湾窑为中国著名民窑,但在中国陶瓷史上被忽略与误解,其作为“中国陶”代表的地位亦同时被贬低.石湾陶器起源于新石器时代,明清以来代表了广窑的最高水平.石湾窑的文化特点可总结为九点:源远流长,影响广泛;扬长避短,另辟蹊径;兼收并蓄,擅仿擅创;源于生活,高于生活;妙趣天成,大巧若拙;诗意表现,艺之大成;岭南风骨,广府特色;名家辈出,代代相

  18. [Minna Ahokas. Valistus suomalaisessa kirjakulttuurissa 1700-luvulla. Bidrag till kännedom av Finlands natur och folk 188] / Tuija Laine

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laine, Tuija, 1964-

    2012-01-01

    Arvustus: Minna Ahokas. Valistus suomalaisessa kirjakulttuurissa 1700-luvulla. Bidrag till kännedom av Finlands natur och folk 188. Diss. Sasatamala : Finska Vetenskaps-societeten. (Suomen Tiedeseura, 2011)

  19. The Aesthetic Characteristics of Multi-tone Folk Vocal Music%多声部民间声乐的审美特征

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李平

    2011-01-01

    China is a multi-national country.The nation's unique folk song form is rich and colorful.It is very important to study multi-tone folk vocal music.By exploring more voice of folk vocal music this article summarizes the aesthetic characteristics of more voice of folk vocal music.%中国是一个多民族的国家,各民族所特有的民歌形式丰富多彩,多声部民间声乐的研究有着十分重要的意义.本文通过对多声部民间声乐的探究,总结了多声部民间声乐的审美特征.

  20. [Minna Ahokas. Valistus suomalaisessa kirjakulttuurissa 1700-luvulla. Bidrag till kännedom av Finlands natur och folk 188] / Tuija Laine

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laine, Tuija, 1964-

    2012-01-01

    Arvustus: Minna Ahokas. Valistus suomalaisessa kirjakulttuurissa 1700-luvulla. Bidrag till kännedom av Finlands natur och folk 188. Diss. Sasatamala : Finska Vetenskaps-societeten. (Suomen Tiedeseura, 2011)

  1. The Past Didn’t Go Anywhere: Making Music/Making History in Contemporary American Folk Le Passé n’a pas disparu : musique et histoire dans le folk américain contemporain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sophie Levy

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Bien que la musique populaire se préoccupe, bien souvent, de façon quasi-exclusive du présent, la popularité de la musique folk ne se dément pas, comme le montre le regain d’intérêt pour la musique bluegrass qu’a déclenché le film O Brother, Where Art Thou?. En effet, histoire, historiographie et présent immédiat se mêlent dans la musique folk américaine, où s’enchevêtrent des formes enracinées dans l’Histoire et des événements de l’histoire immédiate. Ces transactions entre passé et actualité créent ainsi une tradition américaine, qui se définit par sa capacité à intégrer des éléments européens, africains-américains mais aussi plus spécifiquement locaux. Le paysage de la musique folk — en particulier le rôle de la technologie dans ses techniques d’enregistrement et d’archivage — nous offre un axe d’étude historique et culturel unique de l’Amérique par le biais de ses traditions musicales.

  2. Feasibility Study: Colombian Caribbean Folk Dances to Increase Physical Fitness and Health-Related Quality of Life in Older Women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pacheco, Ernesto; Hoyos, Diana P; Watt, Willinton J; Lema, Lucía; Arango, Carlos M

    2016-04-01

    The objectives of the study were to describe the feasibility of an intervention in older women based on folk dances of the Colombian Caribbean region, and to analyze the effects of the intervention on physical fitness and health-related quality of life (HRQoL). A pilot study was conducted in a sample of 27 participants, 15 in the intervention group (IG) and 12 in the comparison group (CG). Caribbean Colombian dance rhythms were introduced as an intervention that lasted 12 weeks. Recruitment and retention was not optimal. Treatment fidelity components indicated that intervention was administered as intended. IG participants showed positive and statistically significant changes in some components of physical fitness. No significant changes were observed in HRQoL indicators for either group. In conclusion, the intervention was feasible, but recruitment and retention was challenging. Folk dances of the Colombian Caribbean region provoked significant results in physical fitness but not in HRQoL.

  3. Age-related differences in biomedical and folk beliefs as causes for diabetes and heart disease among Mexican origin adults.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palmquist, Aunchalee E L; Wilkinson, Anna V; Sandoval, Juan-Miguel; Koehly, Laura M

    2012-08-01

    An understanding of health beliefs is key to creating culturally appropriate health services for Hispanic populations in the US. In this study we explore age-based variations in causal beliefs for heart disease and diabetes among Mexican origin adults in Houston, TX. This cross-sectional study included 497 adults of Mexican origin. Participants were asked to indicate the importance of biomedically defined and folk illness-related risk factors as causes for heart disease and diabetes. Biomedical risk factors were ranked highest as causes of diabetes and heart disease among all participants. Folk illness-related factors were ranked below biomedical factors as causes of heart disease among all age groups. Susto was ranked above the median as a risk factor for diabetes among older participants. Age-related differences in causal beliefs may have implications for designing culturally appropriate health services, such as tailored diabetes interventions for older Mexican origin adults.

  4. On The Folk Customs of Huazhao Festival Which Is a Kind Of Intangible Cultural Heritage and its Modern Value

    OpenAIRE

    Zhihui Ma

    2014-01-01

    Huazhao Festival is a traditional one that is celebrated in early spring and appeals to both highbrows and lowbrows. Once, it was as significant as Lantern Festival and Mid-autumn Festival. Ever since Tang Dynasty, it has undergone stages of emerging, thriving, declining and restoring. Originally, people only had a spring outing enjoying beautiful flowers at this festival; later, various other folk activities were also carried out on this day, including catching butterflies, picking wild vege...

  5. Examining the Pre - competition Anxiety Levels of Sportsmen Participating in a Folk Dance Branch in Terms of Some Variables

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Serkan HACICAFEROĞLU

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available This study was carried out with in order to determine the pre - competition anxiety levels of sportsmen participating in the Turkish Folk Dance branch in terms of some variables. The population of the study, which was carried out using a general screening model, consisted of 253 sportsmen, partici pated with the local halay dance in the group competition, organized by the Turkish Folk Dance Federation in city of Malatya , and its sampling consisted of 187 sportsmen chosen from the population by a random method. State (instantaneous Anxiety part of t he State - Trait Continuous Anxiety Scale was used in the study. In analyzing the data, frequency, percentage, standard deviation, arithmetic mean, t - test and one - way analysis of variance (ANOVA and Tukey's test were used in the study to find the source of the difference. As the result of the study, it has been determined that the ove rall arithmetic mean of the pre - competition instantaneous anxiety state felt by the sportsmen, statistically was 2. 34. A statistically significant difference was found in the r esearch in terms of pre - competition instantaneous anxiety state of feeling of the sportsmen, depending on the variables of gender, age and folk playing time. Nonetheless, depending on the gender, it was determined in the research, that the sportsmen of 2 0 - 22 and 17 - 19 age groups, in favour of the female athletes and according to the age variable, the sportsmen who played folk dances less than a year according to the dancing time variable, felt more pre - competition instantaneous anxiety compared to the sportsmen of other groups.

  6. THE ROLE OF FOLK ARTS AND CRAFTS OF DAGESTAN IN CONSOLIDATING AND EXPANDING THE TOURIST-EXCURSION ROUTES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. G. Gazimagomedov

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim. The aim of this study is to create and represent the tourist routes in the places of the traditional folk arts and crafts in the Republic of Dagestan.Research Methodology. In the first stage of the study, according to the register and public materials we identified and studied traditional places of folk arts and crafts; carried out monitoring of existing tourist routes and programs. Developed routes are included in the tourist route map.Findings and discussion. We developed five radial exit routes from the city of Makhachkala, characteristics of which are presented below. Folk arts and crafts of Dagestan are a unique part of the artistic culture and at the same time, it is a branch of industry with a high level of tourist attractiveness. Today, Dagestan is one of the few areas in the modern world where traditional folk art is naturally a part of a contemporary social life having the rights of the dominant cultural unity due to the peculiarities of its historical development. Archaeological studies show that due to the geographical position, in Dagestan, there has been an interaction of significant aspects of cultural phenomena relating to the ancient civilizations of the Mediterranean, Western, Central and Eastern Europe, on the one hand, and the development of cultures of different regions of Asia, on the other hand. Coupled with the traditions of the ancient population of the Caucasus, they formed complex and varied artistic conglomerate.Conclusion. The study revealed the basic centers of traditional arts and crafts of the Republic of Dagestan, hiving a high tourism potential. On this basis, we developed five tourist-excursion routes. These routes are included in the information booklet, which has a marketing and information value. 

  7. An Overlooked Resource for English Language Teaching: Pop. Rock, and Folk Music. CATESOL Occasional Papers, No. 2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dubin, Fraida

    This paper discusses the use of pop, rock, and folk music in foreign language teaching. Modern music represents an idiom familiar to a broad span of young people, and has an important place in the life of students ranging in age from ten to thirty-five years of age. It also tends to follow and comment on the important trends of modern society.…

  8. From Suazoid to folk pottery: pottery manufacturing traditions in a changing social and cultural environment on St. Lucia

    OpenAIRE

    Corinne L. Hofman; Alistair J. Bright

    2004-01-01

    Overview of pottery manufacturing traditions in St Lucia, placed within the island's cultural history from pre-Columbian times up to present Afro-Caribbean folk pottery. Authors focus on manufacturing processes in different cultural traditions through history, looking at raw materials used, the shaping and finishing, decoration, and firing process. First, they sketch St Lucia's habitation history since the first Amerindian settlers in 200 AD, and evidence of pottery, which climaxed in the lat...

  9. The Application Research of Folk Music Material in music Creation%民间音乐素材在音乐创作中的运用研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王婷婷; 丁运成

    2016-01-01

    民间音乐是我国传统民族音乐的瑰宝,它有其自身特有的韵味和艺术魅力,是我国民族文化的重要体现。本文着眼于民间音乐素材在音乐创作中的运用研究,从民歌素材在声乐创作中的运用、民间器乐素材在器乐创作中的运用以及民间戏曲素材在曲艺创作中的运用三个方面进行阐述。进一步为我国以民间音乐素材为基础的音乐创作与发展做有益的探索。%Folk music which has its own unique charm and artistic charmis is the treasure of Chinese traditional Nationalmusic and the important embodiment of our national culture. This article focuses on material of folk music in the music creation in the use of, from folk material used in vocal music, folk instrumental music material in instrumental music creation and the use of folk opera material in the creation of Quyi using three aspects carries on the elaboration. Further to our country folk music material as the foundation of music creation and development to do useful exploration.

  10. Injuries caused by venomous animals and folk medicine in farmers from Cuité, State of Paraiba, Northeast of Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hellyson Fidel Araújo de Oliveira

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Injuries caused by venomous animals reported by the agricultural workers from the municipality of Cuité, Curimataú region of Paraiba State, Northeast of Brazil, and the practices of folk medicine which they use to treat these cases were studied in this work from June to August 2010. The farmers studied aged from 11 to 90 years. The number of people who reported cases of injury by these animals in their families was high (89.3%. Scorpions, wasps, bees and snakes were the most cited and the extremities of the body (hands, feet, legs and head were the most affected. The practice of folk medicine to treat these injuries includes various procedures ranging from ritualistic treatments, use of animals or parts of them, and some herbal preparations. The folk treatment was reported as effective by most of the workers injured (63.9%. Body parts of dead snakes are used in various zootherapic treatments. In the imaginary of the agricultural workers the venomous animals are considered hazardous (48.7% or disgusting (11.3%, and several parts of such animals as the rattle, bee sting or snake leather are used as amulet. Several legends have also been reported about snakes, scorpions and bees. The need for educational activities that aim to clarify these workers about the dangers of such practices is urgent.

  11. Injuries caused by venomous animals and folk medicine in farmers from Cuité, State of Paraiba, Northeast of Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Oliveira, Hellyson Fidel Araujo; da Costa, Cristiane Francisca; Sassi, Roberto

    2013-09-01

    Injuries caused by venomous animals reported by the agricultural workers from the municipality of Cuité, Curimataú region of Paraiba State, Northeast of Brazil, and the practices of folk medicine which they use to treat these cases were studied in this work from June to August 2010. The farmers studied aged from 11 to 90 years. The number of people who reported cases of injury by these animals in their families was high (89.3%). Scorpions, wasps, bees and snakes were the most cited and the extremities of the body (hands, feet, legs and head) were the most affected. The practice of folk medicine to treat these injuries includes various procedures ranging from ritualistic treatments, use of animals or parts of them, and some herbal preparations. The folk treatment was reported as effective by most of the workers injured (63.9%). Body parts of dead snakes are used in various zootherapic treatments. In the imaginary of the agricultural workers the venomous animals are considered hazardous (48.7%) or disgusting (11.3%), and several parts of such animals as the rattle, bee sting or snake leather are used as amulet. Several legends have also been reported about snakes, scorpions and bees. The need for educational activities that aim to clarify these workers about the dangers of such practices is urgent.

  12. Toxicants in folk remedies: implications of elevated blood lead in an American-born infant due to imported diaper powder.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karwowski, Mateusz P; Morman, Suzette A; Plumlee, Geoffrey S; Law, Terence; Kellogg, Mark; Woolf, Alan D

    2016-10-04

    Though most childhood lead exposure in the USA results from ingestion of lead-based paint dust, non-paint sources are increasingly implicated. We present interdisciplinary findings from and policy implications of a case of elevated blood lead (13-18 mcg/dL, reference level folk diaper powder. Analyses showed the powder contains 62 % lead by weight (primarily lead oxide) and elevated antimony [1000 parts per million (ppm)], arsenic (55 ppm), bismuth (110 ppm), and thallium (31 ppm). These metals are highly bioaccessible in simulated gastric fluids, but only slightly bioaccessible in simulated lung fluids and simulated urine, suggesting that the primary lead exposure routes were ingestion via hand-mouth transmission and ingestion of inhaled dusts cleared from the respiratory tract. Four weeks after discontinuing use of the powder, the infant's venous blood lead level was 8 mcg/dL. Unregulated, imported folk remedies can be a source of toxicant exposure. Additional research on import policy, product regulation, public health surveillance, and culturally sensitive risk communication is needed to develop efficacious risk reduction strategies in the USA. The more widespread use of contaminated folk remedies in the countries from which they originate is a substantial concern.

  13. GUANGDONG HAKKA FOLK CERAMIC MODELLING AND LINGNAN FOLK CERAMIC MODELLING OF THE COMPARATIVE STUDY --TO TAI PO FOLK CERAMIC MODELLING AND SHIWAN FOLK CERAMIC MODELLING ANALYSIS%粤东客家民间陶瓷造型和岭南民间陶瓷造型的比较研究——对大埔民间陶瓷造型与石湾民间陶瓷造型的分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    熊青珍

    2011-01-01

    以归纳分析的方法对粤东梅州大埔民间陶瓷造型和岭南佛山石湾民间陶瓷造型的主要特征分析。不同的文化背景孕育了两地不同的陶瓷艺术形式。一方面迁徙的历史、纯朴的客家文化造就了大埔民间陶瓷造型务实、简约、实用的思想,一方面丰富的岭南文化背景促进了佛山石湾陶瓷造型的浪漫、浑厚、生动传神的艺术感染力。%This paper with inductive analysis method in the eastern meizhou tai Po folk ceramic modelling and lingnan shiwan town separately the main characteristics of folk ceramic modelling analysis. Different cultural background gave birth to two different ceramic art form. On the one hand migration of history, the simplicity of the hakka culture contributed to tai Po folk ceramic modelling is practical, simple, and practical idea, and enriching the lingnan culture background promoted shiwan town separately ceramic modelling of romance, simple and honest, vivid artistic appeal.

  14. The Category of Time in Fairy Tales: Searching for Folk Calendar Time in the Estonian Fairy Tale Corpus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mairi Kaasik

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available The article examines how folk calendar holidays are represented in Estonian fairy tales. It introduces some views presented in folklore studies about the concept of time in fairy tales and finds parallels with them in the Estonian context. The analysis relies on the digital corpus of Estonian fairy tales (5400 variants, created from the texts found in the Estonian Folklore Archives by the Fairy Tale Project of the Department of Estonian and Comparative Folklore, University of Tartu. Folk calendar holidays occur in Estonian fairy tales relatively seldom; most often these are holidays that occupy a significant place in the Estonian folk calendar (Christmas, St. John’s Day, Easter, St. George’s Day. Calendar holidays are notably mentioned more often in tale types which remain on the borderline between the fairy tale and the legend or the fairy tale and the religious tale. In Estonian fairy tales, calendar holidays are used on three levels of meaning: (1 the holiday is organically associated with the tale type; it has an essential role in the plot of the tale; (2 to a certain extent, the holiday could be replaced by another holiday having an analogous meaning; (3 the holiday forms an unimportant or occasional addition to the tale.

  15. 麻阳民间绘画的艺术特色%Mayang folk painting art characteristics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄煦然

    2013-01-01

    麻阳民间绘画构图饱满、厚重;造型夸张、有趣;色彩热烈、喜庆;艺术形式生动活泼;表现技法质朴随意而又大胆、鲜明,是本地区劳动人民生产生活之余创造的民间文化艺术形态,是中国民间美术的重要组成部分,是一种原始而又质朴的地方文化以及审美形态的完美展示。%Mayang folk painting composition plump , thick;exaggerated , interesting ;color warm , happy ;be lively and vivid art form;performance techniques and free and bold , bright , is the local district labor people's production and life over the creation of folk culture and art form , is an important part of Chinese folk art , is a kind of primitive and simple the local culture and the perfect aesthetic presentation .

  16. 小微企业民间融资的国际比较及借鉴%International Comparison and Reference of Small Micro-enterprise Folk Financing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭进

    2014-01-01

    At present, folk financing has become a new financing way by small micro-enterprise, but it is also facing several problems, such as legislation, system and supervision. In combination with our national condition, using the experience of the United States, Japan, Germany and other developed countries for reference, is an effective way to solve the problems. Despite these countries ’ financing model has different features, but also there are many things in common. Located in the government, perfecting legislation, speeding up the small micro-enterprise financing credit guarantee system construction, to develop the private small and medium-sized financial institutions, and opening folk financing between micro and small enterprises financing channels, are successful experiences worth to learn.%当前,民间融资已经成为小微企业融资的新渠道,但是,小微企业民间融资还面临着立法、体制和监管多方面的问题,境地尴尬。我国要解决小微企业融资难问题,结合我国国情,考察和学习美国、日本、德国等发达国家的先进经验不失为一种可取方法,尽管其模式各有特色,并无优劣之分,但也存在诸多的共同点。在政府定位、健全立法、加快小微企业民间融资信用担保体系建设、大力发展民间中小金融机构、畅通民间融资与小微企业间的融资渠道等多个方面值得我国借鉴。

  17. A Reconciliation for the Future of Psychiatry: Both Folk Psychology and Cognitive Science

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Douglas Hutto

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Philosophy of psychiatry faces a tough choice between two competing ways of understanding mental disorders. The folk psychology or FP view puts our everyday normative conceptual scheme in the driver’s seat – on the assumption that it, and it only, tells us what mental disorders are (Graham 2009. Opposing this, the scientific image or SI view (Murphy 2006, Gerrans 2014 holds that our understanding of mental disorders must come, wholly and solely, from the sciences of the mind, unfettered by FP. This paper argues that the FP view is problematic because it is too limited: there is more to the mind than FP allows, hence we must look beyond FP for properly deep and illuminating explanations of mental disorders. SI promises just this. But when cast in its standard cognitivist formulations SI is unnecessarily and unjustifiably neurocentric. After rejecting both the FP view, in its pure form, and SI, in its popular cognitivist renderings, this paper concludes that a more liberal version of SI can accommodate what is best in both views – once SI is so formulated and the FP view properly edited and significantly revised, the two views can be reconciled and combined to provide a sound philosophical basis for a future psychiatry.

  18. Antimicrobial activity and phytochemical analysis of selected Indian folk medicinal plants

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohamed Sham Shihabudeen. H

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available The success of chemotherapy lies in the continuous search for new drugs to counter the challenge posed by resistant strains. Methanol extracts of six plant species traditionally used in Indian folklore medicine for the treatment of various bacterial and fungal infections were investigated for in vitro antimicrobial activity against pathogens namely Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Candida albicans and Aspergillus niger by disc diffusion method. Methanol extracts of Eugenia jambolana and Cassia auriculata showed the highest toxicity against all the bacteria. The plant extracts showed antibacterial activity but not antifungal activity against any of the fungi used. Minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC assay were determined for these two extracts against bacteria. E. jambolana revealed the highest antimicrobial activity at a minimum oncentration (0.75 mg/ml against S. aureus. The phytochemical analysis carried out revealed the presence of coumarins, flavanoids, glycosides, phenols, tannins, saponins and steroids. Alkaloids were not detected from any of the plant extracts under study. The resultsprovide justification for the use of the plants in folk medicine to treat various infectious diseases.

  19. Ethnomedicinal Plants of Barmer District, Rajasthan Used in Herbal and Folk Remedies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B.B.S. Kapoor1* and Sunil Kumar2

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available The Barmer district a part of Thar Desert is very rich in herbal plant wealth. The herbal plants of this region havegreat potential to be used in drug and pharmaceutical industries. These herbal plants have been used by local people,tribal communities, vendors, native doctors such as Ojhas, Bhagats Bhopas and experts of Ayurvedic fields sincelong time in herbal and folk remedies. Kalbelia, Nats, Bhils, Raika, Bhopas, Banjara, Gadolia-Lohar Langa andManganiars communities of this district have a rich knowledge of plants based traditional medicines.Ethnomedicinal plants like Aristolochia bracteolata Lamk., Calligonum polygonoides Linn., Cardiospermumhalicacabum Linn., Clerodendrum phlomoidis Linn., Evolvulus alsinoides Linn., Grewia tenax (Forsk. Fiori.,Maytenus emarginata (Willd. Ding Hau., Mollugo Cerviana (Linn. Seringe. Neurada procumbens Linn., Ocimumamericanum Linn., Peganum harmala Linn., Pergularia daemia (Forsk Chiov., Portulaca oleracea Linn.,Sarcostemma acidum (Roxb. Voigt. and Trianthema portulacastrum Linn. have been selected for this researchwork.The present investigation is aimed to create awareness about the ethnomedicinal value of the plants and theiruses to draw the attention of pharmacologists, phytochemists and pharmaceuticals.

  20. The Scythe and the Pentagram: Santa Muerte from Folk Catholicism to Occultism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manon Hedenborg-White

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Santa Muerte is establishing a presence among practitioners of contemporary occultism in Europe and North America. The occult milieu is highly different from the Mexican cult of Santa Muerte, having a strong heritage of secrecy and tradition as social capital and being mostly middle-class in orientation. Nonetheless, this Catholic folk saint with a mostly pragmatic, popular, and grassroots cult is becoming increasingly popular among occultists. Based on a survey of three recent books on Santa Muerte geared towards an Anglophone, occult audience, it is therefore the aim of this article to understand how and why the Skeleton Saint is attracting adherents in the occult milieu, by analyzing the underlying causes of this growing trend, as well as the conditions shaping it. It is the overall argument of this article that the beginning reception of Santa Muerte in occultism is a result of perceived needs and demands specific to the occult milieu rather than characteristics inherent in the symbol itself, and that an analysis of the ways in which she is spreading outside of her original sociocultural context must be guided by an understanding of the novel one she is integrated in.

  1. Comparative Study of Anti-oxidative Effects of Tibetan Folk Medicine Erigeron multiradiatus during Plant Growth

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Zhi-feng; LIU Yuan; LUO Pei; ZHANG Hao

    2011-01-01

    Objective To explore the effects of a potential anti-oxidative plant,Erigeron multiradiatus(Asteraceae),plant materials from naturally distributed high-altitude populations at different stages of life cycle were collected.Methods Fifteen extracts obtained from the Ganzi region(Sichuan,China)were studied to assess their radical-scavenging ability on 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl radicals and reducing power ability.Moreover,considering that anti-oxidants and free radical scavengers can also exert protective effect on endothelial cells from oxidative injury,these extracts were also evaluated for their anti-oxidative activity against cellular injury in the cultured human endothelial cell line(ECV304)induced by hydrogen peroxide(HO).Results All the extracts had radical-scavenging and/or reducing power ability,and the most active extract was found during flowering whereas the lowest appeared during vegetative growth period.The accumulation of anti-oxidative compounds was found to be affected by the altitude of growth environment.Total flavonoid content assay was also performed to support this outcome.Furthermore,these extracts also exhibited different effects on attenuating HO-induced cytotoxicity and inhibiting lipid peroxidation and LDH leakage from endothelial cells.Conclusion E.multiradiatus may be an important natural anti-oxidant and this property may contribute to verifying the utilization of this plant in Tibet folk medicine.

  2. A Reconciliation for the Future of Psychiatry: Both Folk Psychology and Cognitive Science.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hutto, Daniel D

    2016-01-01

    Philosophy of psychiatry faces a tough choice between two competing ways of understanding mental disorders. The folk psychology (FP) view puts our everyday normative conceptual scheme in the driver's seat - on the assumption that it, and it only, tells us what mental disorders are (1). Opposing this, the scientific image (SI) view (2, 3) holds that our understanding of mental disorders must come, wholly and solely, from the sciences of the mind, unfettered by FP. This paper argues that the FP view is problematic because it is too limited: there is more to the mind than FP allows; hence, we must look beyond FP for properly deep and illuminating explanations of mental disorders. SI promises just this. But when cast in its standard cognitivist formulations, SI is unnecessarily and unjustifiably neurocentric. After rejecting both the FP view, in its pure form, and SI view, in its popular cognitivist renderings, this paper concludes that a more liberal version of SI can accommodate what is best in both views - once SI is so formulated and the FP view properly edited and significantly revised, the two views can be reconciled and combined to provide a sound philosophical basis for a future psychiatry.

  3. Semiotic Analysis of the Auspicious Images of a Taiwanese Folk Religion Temple

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chao-Ming Yang

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available In Taiwan, temples were decorated with painted and sculptured auspicious images that promote the communication between worshippers and deities. In this study, we adopted grounded theory and ethnography with applied semiotic theory to analysis the semiotic meanings of the auspicious images of Taiwanese folk religion temple, identify the semiotic characteristics of the images, and summarize the signs associated with the images. A total of 126 image samples were collected from field study, and the KJ method was subsequently performed to categorize and analyze the samples. Finally, some significant findings were obtained, the functional aspects of the aforementioned images mostly belong to the categories of symbol and homonymy, whereas their mental aspects belong to the categories of psychological and physiological requirements. In sum, humans perceive the world through signs and that human life is the semiotization of the world, although Eastern and Western cultures are characteristically different, they share much similarity in communication methods. The findings of this study can foster the understanding of the truth, goodness, and beauty of the architectural decoration of temples in Taiwan and the modesty, hospitality, generosity, and religiosity of Taiwanese society.

  4. High blood lead levels in ceramic folk art workers in Michoacan, Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fernandez, G O; Martinez, R R; Fortoul, T I; Palazuelos, E

    1997-01-01

    Ceramic folk art workers are at risk for developing lead intoxication. These workers live in small settlements, which often lack sanitation services, and these individuals work with ceramics in their homes. The study population comprised individuals of all ages from three rural communities in central Michoacan (Tzintzuntzan, Tzintzunzita, and Colonia Lazaro Cardenas). A survey questionnaire, which was provided to each individual, included questions about household characteristics, presence of a clay oven in the home, and use of lead oxide ("greta") and other hazardous products. Venous blood samples were obtained from the workers. We found lead exposure to be reduced if the home floor was covered and if the house had been painted < or =1 y prior to study. Blood lead levels exceeded the maximum level permitted, but the levels were lower than those found in the 1970s, during which time study techniques for analyzing samples differed from those used in the present study. In addition, activity patterns of the populations differed during the two studies.

  5. Discussion on Supervision of Village Regulations and Folk Conventions%论村规民约的监督

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许晓琼; 张居盛

    2011-01-01

    Village regulations and folk conventions is a code of conduct in rural society and play an important role in the new rural development. Tlie supervision of village regulations and folk conventions can ensure die validity, prevention, error correction and efficiency of village regulations and folk conventions. At present, diere are still supervision of consciousness, lack of supervision, supervision principal is not clear, the supervisory measures do not reach the designated position and other issues. Therefore, for the problems in the supervision of village regulations and folk conventions, administrative supervision, judicial oversight and supervision of social are put forward, the methods for supervising village regulations and folk conventions are adopted, namely, strict record review, eliminating unlawful pacts and strengthening the judicial application. Thus, it not only can ensure effective supervision, but also can not interfere the self-government of villagers.%村规民约是一种存在于乡村社会中的行为规范,在新农村建设中发挥着重要作用.对村规民约进行监督具有保障村规民约的合法性、预防、纠错以及增效的作用.目前村规民约监督还存在监督意识淡薄,缺乏监督依据、监督主体不明确和监督措施不力的问题.针对村规民约的监督中存在的问题,提出应通过行政监督、司法监督和社会监督多种途径,采取严格备案审查、消除不合法的村规民约和加强判决审查等方式监督村规民约,做到既有效监督,又不至于干涉村民自治.

  6. 桂东南客家民间舞蹈与民间信仰%The Hakka Folk Dances and Beliefs in Southeastern Guangxi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙庆彬; 庞梅; 肖起清

    2014-01-01

    Folk dance is the motif of sports science, arts, folklore and other subjects. Folk belief provides spiritual support for folk dance. The authors investigated the folk dances and folk beliefs of Hakka in southeastern Guangxi. The research results:there are lots of Hakka folk dances such as dragon dance, lion dance, kylin dance, spring cattle dance, he-lou dance, tea picking dance, bamboo horse dance, puppet dance, and cup playing dance. The Hakka folk beliefs have god worship, nature worship, ancestor worship and the sage worship in southeastern Guangxi. Folk belief is the key of the interpretation of Hakka folk dances. Hakka folk dance need the outside people’s culture tolerance, also need Hakka’s"cultural consciousness".%民间舞蹈是体育学、艺术学、民俗学等多个学科研究的母题,而民间信仰是许多民间舞蹈的重要精神支撑。本文对流传于桂东南客家聚居区的民间舞蹈与民间信仰进行调查整理,为桂东南客家民间舞蹈的保护传承提供依据,为扩充当地学校的体育、舞蹈等教学资源提供参考资料。研究认为:在桂东南客家聚居区流传的民间舞蹈有舞龙、舞狮、舞麒麟、舞春牛、跳禾楼、采茶舞、竹马舞、跳傀僮、打杯舞等,桂东南客家信仰有神灵崇拜、自然崇拜、祖先崇拜和圣贤崇拜等;民间信仰是解读客家民间舞蹈内在精神的钥匙;客家民间舞蹈需要外界的包容,也需要客家人的“文化自觉”。

  7. No Common Opinion on the Common Core

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henderson, Michael B.; Peterson, Paul E.; West, Martin R.

    2015-01-01

    According to the three authors of this article, the 2014 "EdNext" poll yields four especially important new findings: (1) Opinion with respect to the Common Core has yet to coalesce. The idea of a common set of standards across the country has wide appeal, and the Common Core itself still commands the support of a majority of the public.…

  8. 民间金融与中小微企业共生性研究%An Empirical Analysis Of Symbiotic Relationship Between Folk Financing and SMES

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵玉珍

    2014-01-01

    民间金融内生于中小微企业的融资需求之中,并形成了互利共生的关系。通过对民间金融规模进行测算,然后建立民间金融和中小微企业的共生模型,测算出2001~2012年我国民间金融和中小微企业之间的共生度和共生系数,结果表明中小微企业对民间金融的影响要小于民间金融对中小微企业的影响。因此,政府应明确民间金融的合法地位,并进行必要的监管和风险防范,努力将民间资金纳入到体制内循环中。%The folk financing and SMES forms a symbiotic relationship.Through calculating the size of folk financing and establishing a symbiotic model,the paper calculates the symbiotic degree and symbiotic coefficient of folk financing and SMEs between 2001~2012.The result shows that the effect of SMEs on folk financing is smaller than folk financing to SMEs.So the government should make clear the legal status of folk financing,make the necessary regulations and risk prevention,and then include folk financing into the system.

  9. Folk uses and pharmacological properties of Casearia sylvestris: a medicinal review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo Michel P. Ferreira

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Folk uses and scientific investigations have highlighted the importance of Casearia sylvestris extracts and their relevant bioactive potential. The aim of this work was to review the pharmacological properties of C. sylvestris, emphasizing its anti-ulcer, anti-inflammatory, anti-ophidian and antitumor potentialities. Ethanolic extracts and essential oil of their leaves have antiulcerogenic activity and reduce gastric volume without altering the stomach pH, which corroborates their consumption on gastrointestinal disorders. Leaf water extracts show phospholipase A2 inhibitory activity that prevents damage effects on the muscular tissue after toxin inoculation. This antiphospholipasic action is probably related to the use as an anti-inflammatory, proposing a pharmacological blockage similar to that obtained with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs on arachidonic acid and cyclooxygenase pathways. Bioguided-assay fractionations lead to the identification of secondary metabolites, especially the clerodane diterpenes casearins (A-X and casearvestrins (A-C, compounds with a remarkable cytotoxic and antitumor action. Therefore, the C. sylvestris shrub holds a known worldwide pharmacological arsenal by its extensive folk utilization, exciting searches for new molecules and a better comprehension about biological properties.Usos populares e pesquisas científicas têm destacado a importância dos extratos da planta Casearia sylvestris e seu grande potencial bioativo. Neste trabalho, objetiva-se revisar as propriedades farmacológicas de C. sylvestris, enfatizando sua potencialidade antiulcerogênica, antiinflamatória, antiofídica e antitumoral. O extrato etanólico e o óleo essencial das folhas possuem atividade antiulcerogênica promissora, diminuindo o volume gástrico sem alterar o pH estomacal, corroborando sua aplicação contra dores gastrointestinais. Já os extratos aquosos das folhas têm atividade inibitória contra fosfolipase A2 presente

  10. DNA barcoding reveals limited accuracy of identifications based on folk taxonomy.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hugo J de Boer

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: The trade of plant roots as traditional medicine is an important source of income for many people around the world. Destructive harvesting practices threaten the existence of some plant species. Harvesters of medicinal roots identify the collected species according to their own folk taxonomies, but once the dried or powdered roots enter the chain of commercialization, accurate identification becomes more challenging. METHODOLOGY: A survey of morphological diversity among four root products traded in the medina of Marrakech was conducted. Fifty-one root samples were selected for molecular identification using DNA barcoding using three markers, trnH-psbA, rpoC1, and ITS. Sequences were searched using BLAST against a tailored reference database of Moroccan medicinal plants and their closest relatives submitted to NCBI GenBank. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Combining psbA-trnH, rpoC1, and ITS allowed the majority of the market samples to be identified to species level. Few of the species level barcoding identifications matched the scientific names given in the literature, including the most authoritative and widely cited pharmacopeia. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: The four root complexes selected from the medicinal plant products traded in Marrakech all comprise more than one species, but not those previously asserted. The findings have major implications for the monitoring of trade in endangered plant species as morphology-based species identifications alone may not be accurate. As a result, trade in certain species may be overestimated, whereas the commercialization of other species may not be recorded at all.

  11. Animals Good for Healing: On Experiences with Folk Healers in Inner Mongolia (China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter Knecht

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Peter Knecht. 2015. Animals Good for Healing: On Experiences with Folk Healers in Inner Mongolia (China in Gerald Roche, Keith Dede, Fernanda Pirie, and Benedict Copps (eds Asian Highlands Perspectives 37 Centering the Local, A Festschrift for Dr. Charles Kevin Stuart on the Occasion of his Sixtieth Birthday, 138-167. The opportunity for fieldwork with shamans in northeastern Inner Mongolia, together with experienced colleagues, came as a windfall, causing me contradictory feelings. On the one hand it was a pleasant surprise, because it promised the fulfillment of a dream I had long nurtured. On the other hand, however, it made me painfully aware of the limits for my work. Limits in time, because I could not use more than a few weeks each year, and limits in communication, because I lacked practically any knowledge of Chinese or Mongolian. I could not change the problem of limited time, but I was fortunate enough to find a good interpreter. His help went a long way to solve at least part of my linguistic problem. In addition, the fact that he was a Mongol proved instrumental in opening many doors to us. Furthermore, he had a great number of friends and acquaintances in the area, something that turned out to be an invaluable asset, because these people gracefully agreed to support us in many ways and at every stage of my fieldwork. Nevertheless, my linguistic handicap was not completely overcome. For that reason, explanations I can offer for actions I have observed may often remain unsatisfactory. However, I will make an effort to describe as truthfully as possible what I have observed in the hope of making up at least in part for my lacunae.

  12. Antimicrobial activity of four medicinal plants widely used in Persian folk medicine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Hamedi

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Background and objectives: Commiphora habessinica (O.Berg Engl. (Burseraceae, Boswellia sacra Flueck (Burseraceae, Phoenix dactylifera L. (Arecaceae, and Doronicum glaciale (Wulfen Nyman (Asteraceae are of ethnomedicinal importance in Persian folk medicine and are widely used to treat infectious diseases. The aim of the present study was to investigate the antimicrobial properties of these herbal medicines to prevent misadministration. Methods: Antifungal and antibacterial (Gram-positive and Gram-negative activities of the petroleum ether, dichloromethane and ethanol fractions obtained from oleo-gum-resin of C. habessinica and B. sacra, spathe of P. dactylifera and roots of D. glaciale were evaluated against standard species and clinical antibiotic resistant isolates using broth microdilution method. The fractions were tested at concentrations of 0.5 to 256 µg/mL.Results: The petroleum ether fraction of C. habessinica oleo-gum-resin exhibited the most anti-Candida activity with MIC50 of 0.5-16 µg/mL. The growth of C. glabrata and C. tropicalis was inhibited by the ethanol fraction of C. habessinica oleo-gum-resin with MIC50 of 1-16 μg/mL. C. glabrata was the most susceptible species. Among the tested fractions, only the petroleum ether fraction of C. habessinica oleo-gum-resin had an inhibitory effect on Aspergillus spp. with a MIC50 of 8-32 µg/mL. None of the fractions exhibited antimicrobial activity against the Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria at concentrations of 0.5 to 256 µg/mL. Conclusions: The sensitivity of fungi and bacteria to natural antimicrobials varies widely within species and it is essential to consider the sensitivity of the strains to prevent resistance.

  13. Welcome to Estonia! From the Folk Theory of Emotions and Character Traits to Brand EstoniaWelcome to Estonia! From the Folk Theory of Emotions and Character Traits to Brand Estonia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heili Orav

    2005-10-01

    Full Text Available The article aims to (reconstruct the possible correlation of two folk theories of the Estonians – the theories of character traits and emotions. The case study is based on two separately conducted experiments: Heili Orav collected Estonian lexis on characteristic personality traits and Ene Vainik collected emotion lexicon. The authors attempt to determine the relationship between töökas ‘diligent’ or ‘hard-working’ as the most prototypical personality trait and viha ‘anger’ as the most typical emotion of the Estonians.

  14. On the Empirical Study of the Folk Performances and Entertainments in Guanlong Area%关陇民间社火传承考论

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵凡

    2012-01-01

    本文所指关陇地区包括关中西部和陇东地区。关陇社火历史久远,独具特色,尤重民间传承。社火脸谱、服装、把仗是关陇社火表演的三要素,它象征和凸显着社火所扮演的人物身份、文化性格。在关陇地区,社火会组织社火表演,行使自己的组织权和经济权,是中国民间组织的一种表现形式。社火传承人是社火非物质文化遗产最重要的活态载体,无数社火传承人通过心口手相传,实现了关陇社火的历史传承和现代创新。%The Guanlong area in the paper refers to the western part of central Shaanxi area as well as the eastern part of Gansu province.The folk performances and entertainments in Guanlong area is distinctive with a long history,especially with emphasis on folk inheritance.The three elements in the folk performances and entertainments of the Guanlong area are the facial make-ups,costumes and accessories,which signify and project the character’s identity and cultural personality in the folk performances and entertainments.In Guanlong area,the association of folk performances and entertainments organizes the folk performances and entertainments,implements their organizational and economic rights,which is a representative form of folk organizations in China.The inheritors of the folk performances and entertainments are the most important live carrier of this immaterial cultural heritage.The multitude of these inheritors have realized the historical inheritance and contemporary innovations of the folk performances and entertainments in Guanlong area through the passing-down approaches of teaching by heart,mouth and hand.

  15. 民间游戏在幼儿园教育活动中的应用%On the Application of Folk Games to Kindergarten Activities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    娄小韵

    2016-01-01

    The introduction of folk games is a possible way to the over-all development of children in kinder-gartens. Folk games, with special features, can not only promote the physical and mental development of the children and the management of kindergarten, but also inherit the qualified folk culture in the folk stories and enrich the cul-tural curriculum contents. The practice shows that the application of folk culture to kindergarten curriculum achieved good effect and provided reference value.%幼儿学校要想使幼儿教育得到全面发展,民间游戏的引入是一种可行的方法。民间游戏自身具备的特点,既能促进儿童身心发展、便于幼儿园管理,还能传承民间故事中蕴含的优秀民俗文化,丰富幼儿园的文化课程内容。实践表明,将民族民间文化融入幼儿园课程的实践具有良好的效果和参考价值。

  16. 土族民间信仰的民族心理学解析%Tu Folk Beliefs of the National Psychology Analytical

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王默

    2011-01-01

    Tu folk circulates with many unique folk beliefs,the folk beliefs are minority is an important part of traditional culture.Including fertility belief,reproductive worship,home most widely and typical worship god.This paper tries to ethnic psychology,reading from the perspective of representative of folk beliefs of tu folk beliefs,to explore the psychological factors produced.%土族民间存在着很多独具特色的民间信仰,这些民间信仰是土族传统文化的重要组成部分。其中丰产信仰、生殖崇拜、家神崇拜最为广泛和典型。本文试从民族心理学的角度入手,解读其中具有代表性的民间信仰,以探讨土族民间信仰产生的心理因素。

  17. Analysis of the Predicament in Folk Narration --Taking Mo Yan's Novel Frog as the Example%美苏民族政策比较研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡海梅

    2012-01-01

    当今世界,大多数国家并非单一民族国家,每个国家或多或少存在着这样那样的民族问题。对于多民族国家而言,必须制定相应的民族政策来调整民族关系,处理民族问题。然而,各个国家的民族政策在其国家政策体系中的地位又因各国民族构成、民族关系等方面的差别而异。本文拟对美国与苏联的基本民族政策进行比较研究,分析美国基本民族政策成功的经验以及苏联民族政策失败的教训。%In his novel Frog, Mo Yan insists the dialogue between the intellectual and the folk which has already expressed in his Tan Xiang Xing. Therefore, readers can recognize the advantage of folk narration. The folk narration in the novel has two characteristics: introducing a different history text and presenting the diversity of cultures. However, when facing the politics and consumerism, folk narration becomes embarrassed sometimes. It is a predicament in Mo Yan's folk narration.

  18. 后殖民理论家斯皮瓦克的庶民教育论%On the Research on Postcolonial Theorist Spivak's Folk Education Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    乐佳

    2012-01-01

    斯皮瓦克积极探寻庶民的发声渠道,对"教育的力量"予以充分重视,将教育理论批评与教学实践相融合,创造庶民进入公共空间、实现社会流动的可能性。她主张比较文学要关注文化间的差异,提高"庶民文化"的地位,使得比较文学学科得到新生。庶民教育面临着诸多困境,真正解放庶民将是一个漫长而艰辛的过程。%Spivak pursurs the channel of folk education theory and make importance to the "power of education" and combine the education theory criticism and teaching practice together,creating the folk people into the public space and realize the possibility of social mobility.She pursues that comparative literature should focus the differences among cultures,and promote the place of folk culture in order to get the rebirth of comparative literature.Folk education faces many obstacles,and liberate the folk people is a long the hard process.

  19. 中专民族音乐教学的探究%Folk Music Teaching in Secondary Vocational School

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王珊珊

    2011-01-01

    中专民族音乐是我国教育体系中美育教育的重要组成部分,是非专业类学生提高综合素养、培养良好良好应约修养、陶冶情操的重要教学过程。针对现代中专学生音乐教学中民族音乐教学的重要性,现代中专院校应加强中专民族音乐教学方式方法的研究。通过科学的教学方式以及学生乐于接受的教学方法促进中专学生、我国专业技术人才的身心健康发展。本文就中专民族音乐教学进行了简要的论述。%Folk music is an important part of aesthetic education in our education system,it's an important teaching and learning process for non-professional class students to improve their overall quality,to develop good training,cultivate sentiments.Music for the teaching of modern college students the importance of teaching folk music,modern secondary colleges should strengthen national music teaching methods of research.Through scientific methods of teaching and the students willing to accept the teaching methods for college students,professional and technical personnel of our physical and mental health.This paper talks about folk music teaching in secondary school.

  20. ”Elveland” – Irony and Laughter as Power Media in Sea Sámi Folk-Song Tradition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lill Tove Fredriksen

    2004-07-01

    Full Text Available The article is a literary analysis of the satirical Sámi folk-song ”Elveland”. The song about about the road man, forester and river attendant Elveland on the west side of the municipality of Porsanger was made in the beginning of the 1900s, as a form of revenge on the part of the local community because he would not let them cut as much firewood as they needed. With irony as an important device, the text serves as a meeting point for dialogues between different voices, and where power relations and the political nature of cultural identity is revealed.

  1. Losing fat, gaining treatments: the use of biomedicine as a cure for folk illnesses in the Andes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blaisdell, Amy; Vindal Ødegaard, Cecilie

    2014-07-03

    This article explores how people in the Andes incorporate beliefs from both biomedical and ethnomedical systems in treating folk illnesses that often involve spiritual beings. The article focuses on the kharisiri-one who is believed to steal fat and blood from unsuspecting humans to make exchanges with the devil. The kharisiri in turn is rewarded with good fortune. Victims of kharisiris, however, fall ill and may die if untreated. Historically, kharisiri victims relied on ethnomedicine for treatment, but it appears biomedical pills are now perceived by some as an effective treatment. By drawing on participants' attitudes towards biomedicine, and how people in the Andes conceptualize health, this article theorizes as to why biomedical pills are sought to treat kharisiri attacks but not for other folk illnesses. Fieldwork was conducted in Arequipa and Yunguyo among market vendors, who make up a significant portion of Peru's working population. This type of work increases the risk of different illnesses due to work conditions like exposure to extreme temperatures, long-distance travel, and social dynamics. Biomedical and ethnomedical products are often sold in and around marketplaces, making vendors a compelling group for exploring issues relating to treatment systems. Qualitative data was collected in 2011 with a follow-up visit in 2013. Participant observation, informal conversations, and unstructured interviews with 29 participants informed the study. Participants unanimously reported that biomedical pills are not capable of treating folk illnesses such as susto and mal de ojo. Several participants reported that pharmaceutical pills can cure kharisiri victims. In comparison to other folk illnesses that involve spiritual beings, those who fall ill from a kharisiri attack lose physical elements (fat and blood) rather than their soul (ánimo) or becoming ill due to a misbalance in reciprocal relations-either with humans or non-human beings such as Pachamama. Because

  2. Common Privacy Myths

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Health Information home > privacy + phrs > common privacy myths Common Privacy Myths With the new federal laws protecting ... Here are the truths to some of the common myths: Health information cannot be faxed – FALSE Your ...

  3. Common NICU Equipment

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... newborn intensive care unit (NICU) > Common NICU equipment Common NICU equipment E-mail to a friend Please ... Baby Caring for your baby Feeding your baby Common illnesses Family health & safety Complications & Loss Pregnancy complications ...

  4. Common Variable Immunodeficiency (CVID)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... with facebook share with twitter share with linkedin Common Variable Immunodeficiency (CVID) Common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) is ... and acquired agammaglobulinemia. Why Is the Study of Common Variable Immunodeficiency (CVID) a Priority for NIAID? CVID ...

  5. Common Discomforts of Pregnancy

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Home > Pregnancy > Prenatal care > Common discomforts of pregnancy Common discomforts of pregnancy E-mail to a friend ... like back ache and being really tired are common and shouldn’t make you worry. For most ...

  6. Folk Knowledge of an Individual Plant Specimen: The Case of the Royal Fern (Osmunda regalis L. in Virestad Parish, Småland, Sweden

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ingvar Svanberg

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Ethnobiological studies of local economic or folk religious uses of plants often rely on the assumption that plant use relates to folk knowledge about specific taxa. However, in some cases, folk knowledge is more about beliefs concerning an individual plant. When Carl Linnaeus traveled in 1749 through his native province of Småland, Sweden, he observed a striking specimen of a royal fern (Osmunda regalis L., which was being used by a local healer. The appearance and unusually large size of this individual plant specimen were possibly responsible for its use. This species has not been used elsewhere in Sweden and historical data refer only to the single specimen observed by Linnaeus.

  7. The Influence of Folk Literature on Guangxi Literature%民族民间文学对广西文学创作的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘丽琼

    2015-01-01

    Folk Literature has a profound effect on Guangxi literature, which is reflected not only in the subject matter and the ideological content, but also in the genre style, techniques of expression and the use of language and other artistic forms. Under the influence of folk literature, many works of Guangxi’s writers have strong ethnic characteristics of folk literature.%民族民间文学对广西文学创作具有深远的影响,既体现在题材和思想内容上,也体现在体裁样式、表现手法和语言运用等艺术形式上。在民族民间文学的影响下,广西不少作家的创作具有浓郁的民族民间文学特色。

  8. Position of Popular Music and Folk Music in Society Transition%社会转型期流行音乐与民族音乐的定位

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜媛媛

    2012-01-01

    In society transition,Chinese folk music is affected by popular music greatly.According to demonstrating the relations between folk and popular music,the paper gives some advice on the development and innovation of Chinese folk music at present.%社会转型时期,作为一个体现大众取向的流行音乐对民族遗产的民族音乐有很大的冲击,本文通过对中国民族音乐概况与流行音乐带来的影响分析,阐述了在文化心态高度开放的当今,流行音乐与民族音乐的关系,民族音乐自身的发展与创新。

  9. 贺岁广告的民俗文化解读%Interpretation of Folk Custom Literature in New Year Advertisements

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑丹

    2015-01-01

    民俗文化是中华传统文化的重要载体。贺岁广告选择在春节这一重要的传统节日前后投放广告,为契合目标受众的心理以达到商业目的,广告的传播内容必然与民俗文化相结合,借助民俗文化的语言、人物形象、色彩和仪式活动来传递品牌的诉求。民俗文化对贺岁广告的发展有促进意义,不仅仅因为民俗文化和广告文化同属于文化范畴,民俗文化丰富了贺岁广告的创意创作,也为国际品牌的本土化提供了便捷途径。%Folk Custom Culture is an important carrier of Chinese traditional culture. New Year advertisements are chosen to be put on the market around the important traditional festival of Lunar New Year in order to meet the audience mentality and to get to the commer-cial purpose. The content of the advertisements is inevitably connected with folk custom culture. The advertisements,drawing support from folk custom cultural language,images,colors and ceremonies and activities,transfer the appeal of their brands. Folk custom culture has promoting significance to the development of New Year advertisements not only because the folk custom culture and the advertise-ment culture belong to the same category,but also because the folk custom culture enriches the creative idea of New Year advertisements and provides the shortcut for the localization of international brands.

  10. Toxicants in folk remedies: Implications of elevated blood lead in an American-born infant due to imported diaper powder

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karwowski, Mateusz P.; Morman, Suzette A.; Plumlee, Geoffrey S.; Law, Terence; Kellogg, Mark; Woolf, Alan D.

    2016-01-01

    Though most childhood lead exposure in the USA results from ingestion of lead-based paint dust, non-paint sources are increasingly implicated. We present interdisciplinary findings from and policy implications of a case of elevated blood lead (13–18 mcg/dL, reference level arsenic (55 ppm), bismuth (110 ppm), and thallium (31 ppm). These metals are highly bioaccessible in simulated gastric fluids, but only slightly bioaccessible in simulated lung fluids and simulated urine, suggesting that the primary lead exposure routes were ingestion via hand-mouth transmission and ingestion of inhaled dusts cleared from the respiratory tract. Four weeks after discontinuing use of the powder, the infant’s venous blood lead level was 8 mcg/dL. Unregulated, imported folk remedies can be a source of toxicant exposure. Additional research on import policy, product regulation, public health surveillance, and culturally sensitive risk communication is needed to develop efficacious risk reduction strategies in the USA. The more widespread use of contaminated folk remedies in the countries from which they originate is a substantial concern.

  11. The Korean Daily Folk Custom Pattern Research%朝鲜族日常民俗图案刍议

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐美灵

    2015-01-01

    朝鲜族作为迁入民族,经过长期的实践生活形成了特有的生活习惯及审美心理。朝鲜族日常民俗图案造型丰富,表现出高超的民间手工艺装饰艺术,凝聚了深刻的少数民族区域文化内涵,其自然、朴素的艺术和风格作为朝鲜族的智慧结晶带给人永恒的美感,展现着朝鲜族的民族形象和审美情趣。%Korean as in nation, through long-term practice of life formed peculiar habits and aesthetic psychology. Korean daily folk custom design modelling is rich, folk arts and crafts show excellent decorative arts, condensed the profound ethnic culture connotation, its natural, simple style of art and wisdom as the Korean brings eternal beauty, showing the national image and the aesthetic taste of Korean nationality.

  12. FOLK-CULTURE DEVELOPMENT UNDER SURROUNDING-ZONES THEORY PERSPECTIVE: AN OBSERVATION OF HAKKAS CHINESE NEW YEAR CUSTOM IN BANGKA ISLAND INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sugiato Lim

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Hakkanese experienced several major migrations and ultimately distributed in every corner of the world. From the earlier period, the Hakkanese believed that someone should return to their origin until they settled down. Among much Chinese folklore, the most notable moment of the Hakanese was the transition between the old and the new, commonly called the Chinese New Year or Spring Festival custom. New Year custom roughly started from the beginning of the twelfth of the 23rd lunar month has been extended into the Lantern Festival. From the twelfth of the 23rd lunar month, it began to enter the Small Year festivals, and the Chinese were beginning to prepare series of activities which deals with throwing away the old while welcoming the new. Until New Year Eve, which was the culmination of the Years custom, the whole family gathered happily to meet the spring season. New Year activities would continue until the Lantern Festival. But for the Hakka people, the festive atmosphere and activities would continue until the 20th day of the first lunar month, which was called Tian Chuan Festival. After that, the New Year was ended completely. The research method applied was the qualitative method with observation and library research regarding Bangkanese Chinese festival. The observed population in this research is the Hakkanese community in Bangka. This article finds that the Chinese community in several regions in Indonesia still maintains and preserves the original form of the indigenous culture. It can be seen from the Lunar New Year tradition runs by the Hakkanese in Bangka. At the same time, it also reflects the vitality of folk culture and the values of its existence.

  13. On the Melody Types between the North and the South Dong Folks%南北侗族民歌的旋律类型探究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苏金梅

    2014-01-01

    South and North Dong Minority , the two branches of Dong , have remarkable differences in the music style of folk songs . South Dong'folk song is mild and obscure while North Dong'folk song is lyric and straightforward . The formation of their differences is closely related to their melody types :the melody type of South Dong's folk song is mainly small wave while the melody type of North Dong's folk song is with ups and small wave ;though both South and North Dong's folk songs enjoy small wave type , there are differences in the music development mode of small wave type . The differences of melody types in South and North Dong's folk songs are connected with their own cultural ecology , i . e , the differences of South and North Dong area's ecological and cultural environment mold out the characteristics of South and North Dong's folk song which is reflected in their different melody types .%南、北侗族作为侗族旗下的两个分支,在民歌音乐风格方面差别显著:南侗民歌平和、含蓄,北侗民歌抒情、直白。这种差异的形成与二者的旋律类型存有紧密联系:南侗民歌的旋律类型仅以小波浪式为主,北侗民歌以跌宕式与小波浪式两种类型为主;南北侗族民歌虽都喜好小波浪式,但二者的小波浪式在音乐发展模式上也不同。而南、北侗族民歌旋律类型的差异正好与彼此所处的文化生态是相互耦合的,也即是说,南、北侗族地区生态文化环境的差异模塑出南北侗族民歌的特性,这一特性在其民歌的旋律类型中得以表现。

  14. The (Hyper Production of Miracles and Miraculous Acts: The Meaning of Folk and Church Interpretations of these Phenomena and their Importance for the Process of Desecularization in Serbia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lidija Radulović

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Over the last 20 years, miracles and miraculous acts have been an important part of the multi-layered process of desecularization in Serbia. The Serbian Orthodox Church is trying to revitalize orthodoxy as interpreted by the church and draw in as many believers as possible. At the same time, the folk orthodox variant of Christianity is being revitalized among the faithful, mostly through populist interpretations with elements of folk religion. This paper analyzes the public production of miracles in Serbia based mostly on material drawn from the media, but also on personal testimonies of informants who have witnessed such events.

  15. A contemporary debate in folk dances history and today: dynamic or static?Geçmişten günümüze halk danslarında güncel bir tartışma; dinamik mi statik mi?

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    İlke Kızmaz

    2014-01-01

    ...; therefore restricted in a vicious cycle. While providing a dialectical viewpoint on folk culture vis-a-vis historical change, we will try to evaluate the way folk dances have historically been transformed...

  16. A Survey of Mountainous Areas on the Folk and Medical Prescription of Yi Nationality and Environmental Change in Yunnan Province:With a Historical Investigation in Wenshan River Basin of E’shan County as a Centre%云南省山区彝族民间药方与环境变迁调查--以峨山县文山河流域为中心的历史考察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    白玉军; 王天福

    2015-01-01

    The flora and fauna resources in mountainous areas whereYi Nationality lived are rich, including some medicines for treating diseases. Some common and folk medicines are mostly related to the animal and plant resources in mountainous areas. In recent years, with large-scale development and utilization in mountainous areas, larger area of the vegetations is disappearing. what’s worse, these development and utilized activities in mountainous areas were accelerating the disappearance of folk herbs. The disappearance of the folk medical herbs, on the one hand is true portraiture of the ecological environment deterioration, on the other hand, objectively accelerate the prevalence of western medicine. Deterioration of ecological environmental gradually accelerates fading even death of the folk prescription of Yi Nationality in the mountainous area to certain extent .%云南省彝族居住的山区动植物资源丰富,其中不乏治病药物。一些常见民间治病药方大都来自山区动植物资源。近年来,随着山区大规模的开发与利用,出现了山区植被的大面积消亡,从而加速了民间草药的消失。民间药物的消失,一方面是生态环境恶化的真实写照,另一方面在客观上加速了西医的盛行。生态环境恶化在一定程度上加速了山区彝族民间药方的逐渐淡化甚至消亡。

  17. THE PLACE OF GRAPE IN TURKISH FOLK CULTURE AND IN CONTEXT OF MYTHOLOGY / TÜRK HALK KÜLTÜRÜNDE VE MITOLOJIK BAĞLAMDA ÜZÜMÜN YERI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr. Ebru ŞENOCAK

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available The grape grown since the pre-historic eras has adistinct part within the verbal cultural tradition as wellas being an important health source meeting thenutrition need in Turkish folk culture. The grape thatwas the theme of folk songs, riddles, proverbs, idioms,tales and legends in folk literature was also used with itsboth curing and symbolic meanings in having a child,marriage and wedding customs, drinking wine, dowrytradition, folk beliefs and folk medicine in our folklore. In the researches carried out depending on the factthat the grape, raw material of the wine, is accepted asthe drink of the Gods in mythology and it is mentioned inTorah, Bible and the Psalms of David as the sacred drink,it was determined that in Turkish culture and mythology,the grape is the symbol of beauty, fertility, blood, soul,love and health.

  18. A Study on the Relation between Han-Chinese Folk Songs and Religion%汉族民歌与宗教关系探论

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨思贤

    2016-01-01

    汉族民歌与宗教关系密切。民歌在民间宗教传播过程中的地位与作用可以体现在三个方面:民歌有助于宗教教义通俗化;使民众具备信仰宗教的情感基础和意志自觉;同时也体现民众对宗教的反叛,并通过民歌将这种情绪和思想在一定范围普及,而反思、批判宗教的民歌主要分布在中国北方,这和北方文化较早开始理性化进程有关。宗教对民歌发展的影响也体现在三个方面:即宗教音乐对民歌音乐有塑形作用;在宗教影响下,民歌的题材内容大大增加,民歌意象更加丰富多彩,文体形式得到革新;宗教教义对民歌价值观有引导和规范作用。而从民歌中可以看出汉族民间宗教世俗化、功利化和包容性强三个典型特征。%There is a close relationship between the folk songs from the Han Nationality and religion.The status and its functions of songs through the transferring of the folk religion lie in the following three aspects:folk songs help to popu-larize the religious doctrine,to make the public equipped with the basic emotion and the self-consciousness of the folk reli-gion,meanwhile,express their revolt against the religion.The revolting feeling against religion by the way of folk songs mainly exists in the northern part of China,which largely contributes to the early process of rationalization.The influence of the development of folk songs through religion still reflects three perspectives:religious music,to some extent,builds the way of folk music.In the affect of religion,the themes of folk songs become numerous,the images of them become colorful and the formations of the songs become innovative.The religious doctrine plays a great role in the leading and strict part to the folk songs.Therefore,from folk songs,three typical characteristics could be easily summarized about the folk religion of the Han Nationality:the secularization,the utilitarianism and the

  19. 论公益广告和科尔沁民歌的共性%Research on the Commonness of Public Service Advertisement and Khorchin Folk Song

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    关图雅

    2014-01-01

    笔者通过对公益广告和科尔沁民歌的内容、形式、作用进行分析研究,总结出思想、艺术、教育、社会、伦理五点共性,并表达具备上述五点共性的公益广告和科尔沁民歌是当今市场经济发展,社会矛盾突显的转型时期传播和宣传新型意识形态和实现意识形态日常生活化的最佳载体的思想观念.

  20. ENGLISH FOLK BALLADS COLLECTED BY CECIL JAMES SHARP IN THE SOUTHERN APPALACHIANS: GENESIS, TRANSFORMATION AND UKRAINIAN PARALLELS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oksana Karbashevska

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this research, presented at the Conference sectional meeting, is to trace peculiarities of transformation of British folk medieval ballads, which were brought to the Southern Appalachians in the east of the USA by British immigrants at the end of the XVIIIth – beginning of the XIXth century and retained by their descendants, through analyzing certain texts on the levels of motifs, dramatis personae, composition, style and artistic means, as well as to outline relevant Ukrainian parallels. The analysis of such ballads, plot types and epic songs was carried out: 1 British № 10: “The Twa Sisters” (21 variants; American “The Two Sisters”(5 variants and Ukrainian plot type I – C-5: “the elder sister drowns the younger one because of envy and jealousy” (8 variants; 2 British № 26: The Three Ravens” (2, “The Twa Corbies” (2; American “The Three Ravens” (1, “The Two Crows”(1 and Ukrainian epic songs with the motif of lonely death of a Cossack warrior on the steppe (4. In our study British traditional ballads are classified according to the grouping worked out by the American scholar Francis Child (305 numbers, Ukrainian folk ballads – the plot-thematic catalogue developed by the Ukrainian folklorist Оleksiy Dey (here 288 plots are divided into 3 spheres, cycles and plot types. The investigation and comparison of the above indicated texts witness such main tendencies: 1 the American counterparts, collected in the Appalachian Mountains, preserve the historic-national memory and cultural heritage of the British immigrant bearers on the level of leading motifs, dramatis personae, composition peculiarities, traditional medieval images, epithets, similes, commonplaces; 2 some motifs, characters, images, artistic means, archaic and dialectal English of the Child ballads are reduced or substituted in the Appalachian texts; 3 realism of American ballad transformations, which overshadows fantasy and

  1. Folk and Buddha Songs Zhuangdiao Huolang Er%俗曲、佛曲《转调货郎儿》

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡东辉

    2016-01-01

    Folk song Jiu Zhuan Huolang Er in Jin and Yuan Dynasties was one of the representative works. It stood out from the folk tune“JiaoSheng", and had an im-portant impact to rap music and opera music. Being applied this tune to Buddha song;the first one was in The Buddha name set of songs in YongleBeizang. But it on-ly had a name of song, title of qupai and lyrics while there was no tune. On the basis of the inheritance characteristics of Chinese traditional music“one tune with different lyrics" and“one tune with multi changes", through the comparative study of folk songs lyrics between Jiu Zhuan Huolang Er and Zhuandiao Huolang Er, to explore the relationship between the two tunes possible existence dependency, so as to have a further understanding the issue that the Buddha songs gradually being folksy in Song and Yuan Dynasties.%将金元时期的民间俗曲《九转货郎儿》应用于佛乐,首见于《永乐北藏》中的《诸佛世尊如来菩萨尊者名称歌曲》集,但该集中只记载有曲名、牌名与歌词,并无曲调。本文依据中国传统音乐“一曲多词”“一曲多变”的传承特点,通过对俗曲《九转货郎儿》与佛曲《转调货郎儿》的歌词词格对比分析,探讨两曲曲调之间可能存在的相依相存之关系,从而进一步认识宋、元以降的佛曲民俗化问题。

  2. Finding Common Ground with the Common Core

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moisan, Heidi

    2015-01-01

    This article examines the journey of museum educators at the Chicago History Museum in understanding the Common Core State Standards and implementing them in our work with the school audience. The process raised questions about our teaching philosophy and our responsibility to our audience. Working with colleagues inside and outside of our…

  3. How Common Is the Common Core?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomas, Amande; Edson, Alden J.

    2014-01-01

    Since the introduction of the Common Core State Standards for Mathematics (CCSSM) in 2010, stakeholders in adopting states have engaged in a variety of activities to understand CCSSM standards and transition from previous state standards. These efforts include research, professional development, assessment and modification of curriculum resources,…

  4. Finding Common Ground with the Common Core

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moisan, Heidi

    2015-01-01

    This article examines the journey of museum educators at the Chicago History Museum in understanding the Common Core State Standards and implementing them in our work with the school audience. The process raised questions about our teaching philosophy and our responsibility to our audience. Working with colleagues inside and outside of our…

  5. 陕北民歌的传承与发展探究%The study on the Inheritance and Development of Northern Shaanxi Folk Songs

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩慧

    2016-01-01

    Northern Shaanxi Folk Songs is the main form of Northern Shaanxi music,and it is also an important part of traditional music.Northern Shaanxi Folk Songs have experienced three different stages of development,which lays a good foundation for the excavation and inheritance of it.The analysis on the classification and characteristics of Northern Shaanxi Folk Songs is helpful for its recompose and innovation,at the same time,it can promote the pros-perity of Northern Shaanxi Folk Songs.%陕北民歌是陕北地区的主要音乐形式,也是传统民族音乐中的重要组成部分之一。陕北民歌流传至今大体上经历了三个不同的发展阶段,为陕北民歌的挖掘、传承创造了条件。同时,分析陕北民歌的分类和音乐特征,既有助于陕北民歌的改编、创新,也在很大程度上促进了陕北民歌的繁荣与发展。

  6. Interpretation of Performing Conventions and Folk Custom of Guangling Yangko%广灵秧歌演出习俗及其事象解读

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘兴利

    2013-01-01

    There exist a lot of conventions in the performance of Guangling Yangko, mainly including sacrifice to“SanGuan”Gods, sacrificial ceremony in temple fair show, ceremony of “DaTai” and so on. These conventions lead to the study of folk faith. They actually reflect the folk faith and are embodied in the folk custom. Custom enables folk faith to demonstrate in the shape of ceremony in performing process. It also expresses taboos and religious worship of Yangko actor.%广灵秧歌在其演出过程中存在很多习俗,主要有供奉三官神、庙会演出时的祭祀仪式和“打台”仪式等。这些习俗实际上反映着秧歌艺人固有的俗信心理,并通过外在的事象得以体现。事象使俗信以仪式的形式在演出过程中得以展示,表达了秧歌艺人共同遵守的俗信禁忌及宗教崇拜心理。

  7. 晋南民俗体育的不同社会学视域考察%Research of Southern Shanxi Folk from the Different Sociology Study Perspective

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    俞万宝; 王铁新

    2012-01-01

    采用文献研究和访谈法,对晋南地区的民俗体育从不同视角进行社会学分析,考察了晋南民俗体育在社会良性运行中的功能,并通过晋南民俗体育的存在与发展现状对其社会本质进行了揭示,并在微观层次上剖析了民俗体育文化主体的动机、目的、目标。%With literature research and interview survey method, this research made a sociological analysis of the folk sports in Southern Shanxi area with a different perspectives, studied the functions of Southern Shanxi folk sports in a healthily developed society, revealed their social nature through the current situation and development of Southern Shanxi folk sports. At the micro level the research analyzed the subjects of the folk culture, their mo- tives, purposes, objectives, and their way to understand the world.

  8. ZHAO Xue-min Folk Medicine Achievements%赵学敏在民间医药学方面的成就

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵军

    2011-01-01

    ZHAO Xue-min is Qing Dynasty renowned medicine scientist, in its extant work Native Chinese Plants Appropriated lost articles and String Elegant has preserved the massive folk medicine precious content, the collection, the reorganization, summarized the massive folk medicine experience, the massive folk single proven prescription, specially walked Fang Yi the prevention disease's experience, this studied the folk medicine for us the development, has provided the very valuable material.%赵学敏是清代著名的医药学家,在其现存的著作《本草纲目拾遗》和《串雅》中保存了大量民间医药学的宝贵内容,收集、整理、总结了大量民间医药学经验,大量的民间单验方,特别是走方医的防治疾病的经验,这为我们研究民间医药学的发展,提供了十分可贵的资料.

  9. "Some Things in My House Have a Pulse and a Downbeat": The Role of Folk and Traditional Arts Instruction in Supporting Student Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palmer Wolf, Dennie; Holochwost, Steven J.; Bar-Zemer, Tal; Dargan, Amanda; Selhorst, Anika

    2014-01-01

    The authors investigated the association between participation in Nations in Neighborhoods (NiN), a program of folk and traditional arts instruction, and achievement in English language arts in a sample of low-income elementary school students, many of whom were recent immigrants and English language learners. The program drew on the core…

  10. Comparative Study of Folk Furniture and Palace Furniture Culture%民俗家具与宫廷家具文化的比较研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    行焱

    2013-01-01

    民俗家具和宫廷家具文化都是我国传统文化的重要组成部分,它们分别代表着两种不同的文化形态.前者属于基础文化,后者则属于上层文化.民俗家具是宫廷家具创造的基础和前提,宫廷家具是民俗家具的提炼和升华.我国宫廷家具在明清时期发展到鼎盛,得益于我国民俗家具文化深厚的积淀.通过对二者的比较研究,为现代家具设计提供借鉴.%Folk furniture and Palace furniture is an important part of Chinese traditional culture, they represent two different cultural paterns .Basis which belongs to a culture, which belongs to the upper culture. Folk furniture is the basis and prerequisite of Palace furniture creation, Palace furniture is refined and sublimation of folk furniture. Development of Palace furniture in Ming and Qing dynasties in China to its heyday, benefit from superb folk art, fusion of multi-culture and closely related. This article through a comparative study of the two, provide some reference for modern furniture design.

  11. 浅论中国民间舞教学中情感的把握%The grasp of emotion in Chinese folk dance teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄露斯

    2013-01-01

    An important feature of dance is"lyrical narrative, clumsy."Human carry on social life with their own bodies and thoughts and feelings, exchange information and communicate feelings, so the art image of folk dance always fusion in the emotion. Emotion deposition in the folk dance, once lost"love"can not infect the audience,"love"is the foundation of the survival of folk dance, we are also in the folk dance education in the teaching of"root".%舞蹈的重要特征是“长于抒情,拙于叙事。”人类用自身的形体动作和思想情感来进行社会生活,交流信息和沟通感情,所以民间舞蹈的艺术形象总是融合在情感之中的。情感沉积于民间舞之中,一旦失去了“情”,就感染不了观众,“情”是民间舞生存的根基,也是我们在民间舞教育教学中的“根”。

  12. 《秦腔》中的民间话语探析%The Analysis of Folk Discourse in the Accent of Qin

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李江涛; 李会丽

    2012-01-01

    话语作为文学存在方式之一,与政治、权力等有着紧密的关联。话语方式的选择,体现了一种创作姿态、一种立场。贾平凹创作的长篇小说《秦腔》中所体现的民间话语,主要表现在“民间话语身份的确认——乡村体验的建构”、“作为媒介的载体——方言、俚俗的介入”和“难以割舍的情怀——民间文化认同的困惑”几方面,呈现出独特的内在意蕴、精神价值及审美取向。%As one of literary existential pattern, discourse connects with political and power closely. The selection of discourse pattern reflects on the attitude and standpoint of the author. The article tries to discuss the existence of folk discourse in The Accent of Qin by Jia Pingwa from following aspects : the folk standpoint, rural experience, the intervention of dialect and slang as media tool, and the confusion of folk cultural identi- ty. Then interprets the connotation, spiritual value and aesthetic orientation of the folk discourse.

  13. Commonly Abused Drugs Charts

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Common Forms Common Ways Taken DEA Schedule Juice, Gym Candy, Pumpers, Roids Nandrolone (Oxandrin ® ), oxandrolone (Anadrol ® ), oxymetholone ( ... swings; tiredness; restlessness; loss of appetite; insomnia; lowered sex drive; depression, sometimes leading to suicide attempts. Treatment ...

  14. Common Asthma Triggers

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Film Asthma Clinical Guidelines Air Pollution & Respiratory Health Common Asthma Triggers Recommend on Facebook Tweet Share Compartir ... t avoid the triggers. Some of the most common triggers are: Tobacco Smoke Tobacco smoke is unhealthy ...

  15. Common Eye Disorders

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... www.cdc.gov/emailupdates/">What's this? Submit Button Common Eye Disorders Recommend on Facebook Tweet Share Compartir ... macular degeneration, cataract, diabetic retinopathy, and glaucoma. Other common eye disorders include amblyopia and strabismus. For a ...

  16. Common Misconceptions about Cholesterol

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Peripheral Artery Disease Venous Thromboembolism Aortic Aneurysm More Common Misconceptions about Cholesterol Updated:Jul 5,2017 How ... do you know about cholesterol? Here are some common misconceptions — and the truth. High cholesterol isn’t ...

  17. Common Conditions in Newborns

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Stages Listen Español Text Size Email Print Share Common Conditions in Newborns Page Content Article Body Some physical conditions are especially common during the first couple of weeks after birth. ...

  18. Common Tests for Arrhythmia

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Peripheral Artery Disease Venous Thromboembolism Aortic Aneurysm More Common Tests for Arrhythmia Updated:Dec 21,2016 Several ... diagnose an arrhythmia. View an animation of arrhythmia . Common Tests for Arrhythmia Holter monitor (continuous ambulatory electrocardiographic ...

  19. Research on Path of Industrialization in Liaoning Folk Art%辽宁民间美术产业化的路径研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵迪

    2014-01-01

    Folk art is the trend of modern industrial development of cultural industries, and Liaoning which is the northeast old industrial base as its rich folk art resources, wide range, long history and craft superb skills. With the rapid development of China's commodity e-conomy, the industrial development of folk art has become an urgent demand of socio-economic and cultural development. This paper aims to analyze resource status Folk Art and Industrialization of Liaoning, folk art resources through the development process of industrial-ization in Liaoning Province bottlenecks encountered in the development path analysis to analyze Liaoning Folk Art industrialization. The purpose of this study is also the reason why this subject is located, hoping to make some of their modest industrial development of Liaon-ing Folk Art.%民间美术产业化是现代文化产业发展的大趋势,而辽宁作为东北的老工业基地,其民间美术资源丰富,门类齐全、历史悠久、技艺精湛。随着中国商品经济的快速发展,民间美术的产业化发展成为社会经济和文化发展的迫切需求。本文旨在对辽宁民间美术的资源状况和产业化发展现状进行分析,通过对辽宁省民间美术资源产业化发展过程中所遭遇的瓶颈的分析对辽宁民间美术的产业化进行发展路径的分析。这也是之所以研究此课题的目的所在,希望能为辽宁的民间美术的产业化发展尽一点自己的微薄之力。

  20. Material Folk Customs in West-Anhui Folksongs%皖西民歌中的物质民俗事象考察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    喻林; 刘艳

    2015-01-01

    Folk customs is the material basis of folksongs while folksongs record and retain them.The West Anhui folk-customs in local folksongs cover a variety of aspects,among which production folk-custom is very important including agricultural production,farm tools use,agri-cultural production events,livestock or poultry breeding.Dietary custom includes the way of en-tertaining friends,local flavors as well as local tea customs.Apparel folk-custom includes the dressing style,accessories and dressing color of local women.Trade folk-custom includes two ways of market and itinerant trade .Analyzing the material folk customs in West Anhui folksongs is helpful to understand the features of folk customs in west Anhui and to master the cultural features of west Anhui folksongs.%民俗为民歌提供了表现的题材,是民歌的物质基础;民歌在民俗中产生,记录和保留了民俗,并成为民俗的一个部分。皖西民歌中生产民俗以农业习俗为主,包括农事生产、农具使用、农业生产场景和家禽家畜饲养等;饮食民俗包括待客方式和特色小吃,以及当地颇具特色的茶俗;服饰民俗包括当地妇女的着装、配饰、色彩等;商贸民俗主要表现为集市和行商两种贸易方式。对皖西民歌中的物质民俗事象的考察,有助于了解皖西地区的民俗特点和把握皖西民歌的文化特征。

  1. 闽台村庙祭祀与民俗体育发展%Development of Rural Temple Sacrifice and Folk Sports in Fujian and Taiwan Area

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙荣艾

    2015-01-01

    采用文献资料、田野调查等研究方法,对闽台村庙祭祀与民俗体育的关系、闽台村庙祭祀对民俗体育发展的现实作用进行分析。结果表明:村庙祭祀是闽台民俗体育的主要源头和传承载体;民俗体育是闽台村庙祭祀的重要内容,是维系、强化和巩固闽台村庙祭祀的重要手段;村庙祭祀为闽台民俗体育发展提供了组织保障、活动场所、活动经费和人力资源。提出通过民俗体育项目创新、传承模式创新等策略来实现闽台村庙祭祀中的民俗体育可持续发展。%This paper discusses relationship between rural temple sacrifice and folk sports in Fujian and Taiwan area,then analyzes the realistic function that rural temple sacrifice acts on folk sports in Fujian by using literature date and field investigation and so on.The result shows that rural temple sacrifice is one of the major sources and a carrier of folk sports in Fujian and Taiwan area.The folk sports are important content of rural temple sacrifice in Fujian and Taiwan area.It is an important means to maintain,strengthen and consolidate belief of rural temple.At the same time temple sacrifice provides organizational guarantee,activity place,funds and human resources to the development of folk sports in Fujian and Taiwan area.The paper puts forward that we should achieve sustainable de-velopment of folk sports of rural temple sacrificial in Fujian and Taiwan area by strategies such as the innovation of folk sports project and inheritance model.

  2. Ethnobotanical inventory and folk uses of indigenous plants from Pir Nasoora National Park,Azad Jammu and Kashmir

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Muhammad; Shoaib; Amjad; Muhammad; Arshad; Rahmatullah; Qureshi

    2015-01-01

    Objective:To document the medicinal and other folk uses of native plants of the area with a view to preserve the ethnobotanical knowledge associated with this area.Methods:The fieldwork was conducted during a period of one year.Data were collected through a semi-structured questionnaire and interviews with indigenous tribal people and traditional health practitioners residing in the study area.Results:The present study documented ethnobotanical uses of 104 plant species belonged to93 genera and 51 families.Results revealed that most of the documented species were used medicinally(78 spp..44.07%).Leaves were found to be the most frequently used part(69 spp..42.86%) for the preparation of indigenous recipes and for fodder.Conclusions:The current research contributes significantly to the ethnobotanical knowledge.and depicts a strong human-plant interaction.There is an urgent need to further document indigenous uses of plants for future domestication.

  3. Child Grooming and Sexual Exploitation: Are South Asian Men the UK Media’s New Folk Devils?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aisha K Gill

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available In May 2012, nine men from the Rochdale area of Manchester were found guilty of sexually exploiting a number of underage girls. Media reporting on the trial focused on the fact that eight of the men were of Pakistani descent, while all the girls were white. Framing similar cases in Preston, Rotherham, Derby, Shropshire, Oxford, Telford and Middlesbrough as ethnically motivated, the media incited moral panic over South Asian grooming gangs preying on white girls. While these cases shed light on the broader problem of sexual exploitation in Britain, they also reveal continuing misconceptions that stereotype South Asian men as ‘natural’ perpetrators of these crimes due to culturally-specific notions of hegemonic masculinity. Examining newspaper coverage from 2012 to 2013, this article discusses the discourse of the British media’s portrayal of South Asian men as perpetrators of sexual violence against white victims, inadvertently construing ‘South Asian men’ as ‘folk devils’.

  4. 商羊舞的民俗文化探析%A Research on the Folk Culture of Shangyang Dance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵海青

    2015-01-01

    “Shangyang Dance” ,as a unique folk dance originated from Juancheng county of Shan‐dong Province ,is mainly characterized by the imitation of Shangyang bird’ s movement of bending feet .With a strong sense of totem worship ,Shangyang dance belongs to sacrificial dance praying for rain ,and its original function of entertaining gods has shifted to entertaining people with the change of history .%“商羊舞”是流传于山东鄄城县一带的风格独特的民间舞蹈。以模仿商羊鸟的屈足动作为主要特点形式,属祭祀求雨舞蹈中的一种,带有浓厚的图腾崇拜意蕴,并伴随着历史的变迁由最初的娱神功能向娱人功能转变。

  5. Effectiveness of folk games’ application in formation of pedagogic specialties girl students’ value orientations on physical culture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mayevsky M.I.

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: to determine effectiveness of structurally meaningful model of formation of girl students’ value orientations on physical culture. Material: in the research control group (28 girl students and experimental group (30 girl students participated. We used sociological questioning, testing of physical and theoretical fitness. Results: It was found that combination of four blocks (theoretical, methodic, practical and managerial is optimal for technology of model realization. It ensures impact on physical and spiritual-intellectual sides of girl students. Conclusions: it is recommended to practice active immersion in folk traditions and customs of Ukraine with girl students. It permits to form girls’ psychological and social readiness for conducting of cultural measures. Motor activity in personal and future professional functioning makes elements of such measures.

  6. Biological and chemical studies of Pera benensis, a Bolivian plant used in folk medicine as a treatment of cutaneous leishmaniasis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fournet, A; Angelo, A; Muñoz, V; Roblot, F; Hocquemiller, R; Cavé, A

    1992-09-01

    The stem barks of Pera benensis are employed by the Chimane Indians in the Bolivian Amazonia as treatment of cutaneous leishmaniasis caused by the protozoan Leishmania braziliensis. The chloroform extracts containing quinones were found active against the promastigote forms of Leishmania and the epimastigote forms of Trypanosoma cruzi at 10 micrograms ml-1. The activity guided fractionation of the extract by chromatography afforded active compounds. Their structures were elucidated, by spectral and chemical studies, as known naphthoquinones, plumbagin, 3,3'-biplumbagin, 8-8'-biplumbagin, and triterpene, lupeol. The activity in vitro of each compound was evaluated against 5 strains of Leishmania (promastigote), 6 strains of Trypanosoma cruzi (epimastigote) and the intracellular form (amastigote) of Leishmania amazonensis. The baseline drugs used were Glucantime and pentamidine (Leishmania spp.), nifurtimox and benznidazole (T. cruzi). Plumbagin was the most active compound in vitro. This study has demonstrated that Pera benensis, a medicinal plant used in folk medicine, is an efficient treatment of cutaneous leishmaniasis.

  7. Research on theTraditional Folk Games and Kindergarten Curriculum%传统民间游戏与园本课程建设研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘丽娜

    2014-01-01

    The traditional folk game as an important part of the outstanding cultural heritage in China plays an important role both in the aspect of folklore and in cultural education .The content of traditional folk games is close to children's daily life ,meets the psychological characteristics of children ,and is loved by the children as a good way of entertainment .Therefore to put the traditional folk game into the kinder‐garten curriculum has an important educational impact .This paper starts from the conception of increasing the value of education ,to analyze the problems we have in practicing the traditional folk game within kin‐dergarten curriculum .Thus it proposes the effective implementation way of putting traditional folk games into kindergarten based curriculum .%传统民间游戏作为我国优秀文化资源的重要组成部分,无论是在民俗方面,还是在文化教育方面,都起着不可忽视的作用。传统民间游戏贴近幼儿实际生活,符合幼儿的心理特征,也是幼儿喜闻乐见的娱乐方式,所以把传统民间游戏融入幼儿园园本课程有重要的教育价值。从传统民间游戏的概念、种类及教育价值入手,分析传统民间游戏教育意义及在园本课程实践中存在的问题很有必要,由此可以窥见传统民间游戏融入园本课程的实施途径。

  8. 民间游戏教育价值研究综述%A Survey of the Value of Folk Games Education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯超群

    2016-01-01

    Games are an important part of children's life and the main way of children's learning .The folk game is the important manifestation of the game;it has the important significance to the study of its education value .The education value of folk games is mainly reflected in the promotion of the physical and mental development of children .The educational value of folk games is includes five aspects :physiological development ,cognitive development ,social development ,emotion development and personality development .The shortage of this thesis includes :theoretical foundation of folk games is lack of the research ;folk game lacks universality arguments in empirical research and in terms of practical application have not been effectively reflected .%游戏是儿童生活的重要组成部分,是儿童学习的主要方式。民间游戏是游戏的重要表现形式,对其教育价值的研究具有重大意义。民间游戏的教育价值主要体现在对儿童身心完满发展的促进作用方面,具体表现为民间游戏在儿童生理发展、认知发展、社会性发展、情感发展及个性发展五个方面的教育价值。不足之处体现在:有关民间游戏的理论基础不足;民间游戏对儿童精神层面影响的研究略有欠缺;民间游戏在实证研究中缺乏普适性的论证及在实际运用方面未得到有效体现。

  9. 中国民间舞蹈课堂教学训练的重要性%The Significance of Training Chinese Folk Dance in Classroom Teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张晓丽

    2015-01-01

    This paper first introduces the definition and characteristics of folk dances of different concept and characteristics of national folk dances and analyzes contents, styles, similarities and differences of patterns of manifestation of folk dance of the Han and minorities.It then presents teaching contents and methods of folk dance and emphasizes that contents should focus on the combination of different styles and methods should pay more attention to"teaching by personal examples as well as verbal instructions".It finally argues that classroom teaching and training plays a very important role because it provides opportu-nities for dancers to master skills of dancing and to understand features and connotations of the folk dance of each nation.%通过介绍了民族民间舞的概念和特征,分析了汉族民间舞蹈和少数民族民间舞的内容、风格、表现形式异同,介绍了民间舞蹈的教学内容与教学方法,在教学内容中以组合为主,在教学方法上以"言传身授"为主,只有这样才可以使舞者很好的把握、领悟每个民族舞蹈的特征与内涵,而这些都要以课堂教学、训练来实现,因此突出了课堂教学训练的重要性。

  10. On The Folk Customs of Huazhao Festival Which Is a Kind Of Intangible Cultural Heritage and its Modern Value

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhihui Ma

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Huazhao Festival is a traditional one that is celebrated in early spring and appeals to both highbrows and lowbrows. Once, it was as significant as Lantern Festival and Mid-autumn Festival. Ever since Tang Dynasty, it has undergone stages of emerging, thriving, declining and restoring. Originally, people only had a spring outing enjoying beautiful flowers at this festival; later, various other folk activities were also carried out on this day, including catching butterflies, picking wild vegetables, offering sacrifices to gods, predicting bumper and poor harvest, fastening strips of red cloth to stems of flowers and trees (shang hong, having competitions on grass, encouraging agriculture, holding and attending banquets, writing articles, paying court and so on. These activities demonstrated such characteristics of the national culture of China as elegance, harmony and life-friendliness. Obviously different from other traditional festivals like Spring Festival, Mid-autumn Festival, Dragon Boat Festival, etc, Huazhao Festival has unique style and value. Despite its fading away from people’s life due to changes in modern society, its cultural glamour and comprehensive value still exist. Along with economic and social development and the increase of people’s spiritual and cultural demands, Huazhao Festival has regained people’s attention. It has been restored and hosted in some regions and identified as an intangible cultural heritage. By means of literature review, the folk customs of Huazhao Festival was re-presented to some extent in this paper. Its modern values in areas including health, culture, ecology and industry were analyzed. This paper is of certain significance, in respect of conserving and inheriting this national festival, promoting its restoration in more regions in a way more approximate to historical tradition and giving play to its unique role to benefit modern society.

  11. From Suazoid to folk pottery: pottery manufacturing traditions in a changing social and cultural environment on St. Lucia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Corinne L. Hofman

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Overview of pottery manufacturing traditions in St Lucia, placed within the island's cultural history from pre-Columbian times up to present Afro-Caribbean folk pottery. Authors focus on manufacturing processes in different cultural traditions through history, looking at raw materials used, the shaping and finishing, decoration, and firing process. First, they sketch St Lucia's habitation history since the first Amerindian settlers in 200 AD, and evidence of pottery, which climaxed in the later Suazoid period pottery since about 1150 AD, and discuss how later European colonization and arrival of Africans contributed to the decline of Amerindian traditions, replaced by European and West African pottery traditions, although some Amerindian traditions remained. The pottery manufacturing of 3 main cultural traditions are examined, discussing differences, as well as similarities due to cultural blending: Suazoid pottery, later Amerindian Island Carib pottery, with origins in the Guianas region, related to the Kar'ina, and current St Lucian, West African-influenced, "folk pottery". Authors conclude that all 3 traditions mainly use local clay, and include hand-built and low-fired pottery. Shaping techniques include coiling, and in today's pottery also fashioning with smaller lumps. Surfaces are smooth and polished in today's pottery, but more scraped and scratched in Suazoid vessels. Further, they find that decoration is uncommon in today's pottery, while Suazoid ceramics included decorations, and that vessel shapes tend to be simple in all 3 traditions. They also find that women have been the principal potters through time, although pottery was a male activity among the Island Caribs in the mid-17th c.

  12. Promotion and protection function of the multimedia technology to the folk music--to Chinese folk music as an example%多媒体技术对民族民间音乐的推动与保护作用--以中国民族民间音乐为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王健健

    2013-01-01

    Folk music is our ancient culture a bright pearl,articles from the definition of folk music and status of departure,the focus of the specific characteristics of folk music.Modern Internet technology,these features will be better promoted,in ensuring the essence of traditional folk music at the same time,to folk music into a more new vitality,at present,multimedia technology,the folk music into the classroom,into the the film and television industry for the development of our national music better ways to provide a more broad.%民间音乐是我国古老文化中的一颗璀璨夺目的明珠,文章从民族民间音乐的定义和地位出发,重点分析了民族音乐的具体特征。现代互联网技术,将这些特征进行更好的发扬,在保证了传统民间音乐的精华的同时,给民间音乐注入了更多新的活力,目前,多媒体技术,将民族音乐带入了课堂、带入了影视行业,为我们民族音乐的更好发展提供了更为宽广的途径。

  13. Tragedy of the Commons

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nørgaard, Jørgen

    The tittle refers to an article from 1968 by Garrett Hardin, using the metaphore of the common grazing land in villages in old time. These 'Commons' were for free use for people in the commounity to have some sheep grazing. This system was based on a certain social solidarity and ethic....... With an individualistic and selfish attitude this would collaps, since each single citizen could benefit from putting more sheep on the common, which would eventually collapse by overgrazing. The metaphore is applied to our common planet, and our ability to built up institutions, economics and ethics, geared for sharing...

  14. The Common Good

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Feldt, Liv Egholm

    At present voluntary and philanthropic organisations are experiencing significant public attention and academic discussions about their role in society. Central to the debate is on one side the question of how they contribute to “the common good”, and on the other the question of how they can avoid...... and concepts continuously over time have blurred the different sectors and “polluted” contemporary definitions of the “common good”. The analysis shows that “the common good” is not an autonomous concept owned or developed by specific spheres of society. The analysis stresses that historically, “the common...

  15. On the Contemporary Value of Folk Law and Its Application%中国民间法的当代价值及其应用路径

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卫跃宁; 廉睿

    2016-01-01

    伴随着全球范围内法社会学思潮的兴起,民间法业已成为学界所关注的热点话题。在当今中国,它主要通过少数民族习惯法、乡村习惯法、村规民约、商事惯例与行业规定等形式予以呈现。与国家法相比,民间法具有其特有的规范价值、公共性重构价值、经济价值。在构建现代法治国家的语境之下,民间法基于其当代价值仍然可以扮演重要角色。具体而言,在实现社会主义法治的进程中,应从“立法主导主义”走向“法律多元主义”,理清民间法与国家法各自的作用领域与作用范畴;国家法通过自治条例或单行条例的方式对民间法中的合理内容予以借鉴,方有利于实现国家法与民间法之间的良性互动,从而达成社会和谐之目的。%With the worldwide development of sociology , folk law has increasingly become a hot topic in academic circle .As a complicated concept , folk law contains customary laws of ethnics , village regula-tions, family rules, commercial usages and industry standards .Compared with national law , folk law has its own normative values , public reconstruction values and economic values .Thus, under the background of establishing a modern country guided by the rule of law , folk law still plays an important role by its contemporary values.Specifically, in this process, we have to turn from legislative dominant to legal plu-ralism, with the purpose of clarifying the scope of folk and national laws .Meanwhile, national law can be enlightened by the reasonable contents of folk law by virtue of autonomous decrees and special decrees , which is beneficial to achieve the positive interaction between the two laws and thereby establish a harmo -nious society .

  16. 《矮凳桥风情》的民间文化意蕴%Folk Culture Connotation of"The Low Stool Bridge Customs"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    康馨

    2016-01-01

    Lin Jinlan has devoted all his life to the creation of short stories whose series of novels-"The Low Stool Bridge Cus-toms"was published in the 80's.Known as the"strange stories","The Low Stool Bridge Customs"is different from his previ-ous styles."The Low Stool Bridge Customs"is rooted in the folklife and expresses the fate and experience of the common people through his folk value standpoint.Lin Jinlan combined the archetype image of Wenzhou culture with characters'survival envi-ronment and character,related the popular and elegant dialect to mandarin,which shows his efforts of returning to mother tongue.Regional color dense image and original and unique novel language contributed to the works full of cultural implication of the aesthetic characteristics.%林斤澜毕生致力于短篇小说创作,发表于新时期的《矮凳桥风情》系列小说与他之前的作品风格迥异,被称为“怪味小说”。《矮凳桥风情》的创作扎根于民间,以民间价值立场叙写普通人的命运遭际。林斤澜将温州文化中保留的原型形象与人物的生存环境和性格特征相结合,以通俗典雅的方言土语与普通话相结合,做出了小说语言回归母语的努力。地域色彩浓厚的形象与原始而别致的小说语言,促成了作品充满文化意蕴的审美特质。

  17. The Common HOL Platform

    OpenAIRE

    Adams, Mark

    2015-01-01

    The Common HOL project aims to facilitate porting source code and proofs between members of the HOL family of theorem provers. At the heart of the project is the Common HOL Platform, which defines a standard HOL theory and API that aims to be compatible with all HOL systems. So far, HOL Light and hol90 have been adapted for conformance, and HOL Zero was originally developed to conform. In this paper we provide motivation for a platform, give an overview of the Common HOL Platform's theory and...

  18. ACS: ALMA Common Software

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chiozzi, Gianluca; Šekoranja, Matej

    2013-02-01

    ALMA Common Software (ACS) provides a software infrastructure common to all ALMA partners and consists of a documented collection of common patterns and components which implement those patterns. The heart of ACS is based on a distributed Component-Container model, with ACS Components implemented as CORBA objects in any of the supported programming languages. ACS provides common CORBA-based services such as logging, error and alarm management, configuration database and lifecycle management. Although designed for ALMA, ACS can and is being used in other control systems and distributed software projects, since it implements proven design patterns using state of the art, reliable technology. It also allows, through the use of well-known standard constructs and components, that other team members whom are not authors of ACS easily understand the architecture of software modules, making maintenance affordable even on a very large project.

  19. Common Misconceptions about Cholesterol

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Venous Thromboembolism Aortic Aneurysm More Common Misconceptions about Cholesterol Updated:Apr 3,2017 Cholesterol can be both ... misconceptions about cholesterol. Click on each misconception about cholesterol to see the truth: My choices about diet ...

  20. Common Knowledge on Networks

    CERN Document Server

    Liddell, Torrin M

    2015-01-01

    Common knowledge of intentions is crucial to basic social tasks ranging from cooperative hunting to oligopoly collusion, riots, revolutions, and the evolution of social norms and human culture. Yet little is known about how common knowledge leaves a trace on the dynamics of a social network. Here we show how an individual's network properties---primarily local clustering and betweenness centrality---provide strong signals of the ability to successfully participate in common knowledge tasks. These signals are distinct from those expected when practices are contagious, or when people use less-sophisticated heuristics that do not yield true coordination. This makes it possible to infer decision rules from observation. We also find that tasks that require common knowledge can yield significant inequalities in success, in contrast to the relative equality that results when practices spread by contagion alone.

  1. Five Common Glaucoma Tests

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... About Us Donate In This Section Five Common Glaucoma Tests en Español email Send this article to ... year or two after age 35. A Comprehensive Glaucoma Exam To be safe and accurate, five factors ...

  2. Common elbow conditions

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2011-09-02

    Sep 2, 2011 ... Chronic overuse is the most common reason for elbow injury. ... fingers. ECRB has been shown to be active with flexion, extension, ... such as lifting a kettle and shaking hands. ... proximal palmar crease to the tip of the.

  3. Genomic Data Commons launches

    Science.gov (United States)

    The Genomic Data Commons (GDC), a unified data system that promotes sharing of genomic and clinical data between researchers, launched today with a visit from Vice President Joe Biden to the operations center at the University of Chicago.

  4. MA Common Tern Census

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — The official State census period for common terns was June 1-10. The survey was conducted on June 4 by Biologist Healey, Biotech Springfield, and Maintenance...

  5. Comparison of Folk Art and Primitive Art%民间美术与原始艺术之比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张欧; 汪小洋

    2015-01-01

    民间美术和原始艺术有着一脉相承的源流关系,因而在创作主题、表现手法与审美特点诸方面可以互释互证。因为原始艺术本来就是蒙昧初开时期的人类童年的艺术形式,其原生性是与生俱来的,所以通过对民间美术与原始艺术共性特点的考察,可以证实民间美术同样具有原生性特质。关于民间美术与原始艺术的相同、相通、相似之点有五个方面,即:生命与繁衍的创作母题,“X线透视”的写实手法,环形透视和构图特点,实用与审美相兼的社会功能,稚拙的艺术风格。%As the folk art and primitive art all come dow n in one continuous line ,they can be mutually referred to and illustrated in the creative themes ,expressive techniques and aesthetic characteristics .There‐fore ,this paper ,through the study of generality on them ,proves that the folk art equally possesses the same originality as the primitive art has because even from the very beginning of human beings the primi‐tive art just has such originality by nature as some form of art .So this paper summarized their identities , similarities and interlinks into five aspects ,namely :the creative motif of life and reproduction ;realist style of "X‐ray perspective";circular perspective and composition characteristics ;social functions with practical and aesthetic phases ;the unique simplicity artistic style .

  6. UNDERSTANDING THE GLOBAL COMMONS

    OpenAIRE

    Bromley, Daniel W.; Cochrane, Jeffrey A.

    1994-01-01

    We want to clarify the way in which we think about the global commons, particularly the problem of global warming caused by greenhouse gas emissions and tropical deforestation. We develop a policy framework in which the policy goal is the sustainability of the earth's ability to absorb greenhouse gases. The framework considers the unequal incidence of benefits and costs of particular policies. We identify several resource management regimes and suggest that management under a common property ...

  7. Common clay and shale

    Science.gov (United States)

    Virta, R.L.

    2011-01-01

    The article discusses the latest developments in the global common clay and shale industry, particularly in the U.S. It claims that common clay and shale is mainly used in the manufacture of heavy clay products like brick, flue tile and sewer pipe. The main producing states in the U.S. include North Carolina, New York and Oklahoma. Among the firms that manufacture clay and shale-based products are Mid America Brick & Structural Clay Products LLC and Boral USA.

  8. 对中国民族音乐融入体育舞蹈的探讨%Discussion on the Integration of Chinese Folk Music into Sports Dance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王汝尧; 孙玉芹

    2013-01-01

    在中西文化的交流与融合的时代大背景下,通过对国内外音乐、体育舞蹈现状的分析,深入探讨中国民族音乐与体育舞蹈的相互影响,思考体育舞蹈对音乐的要求,并分析了中国民族音乐与体育舞蹈的相互交融。%In the era of Chinese and western cultural exchange and fusion, through analyzing music both at home and abroad and the present situation of sports dance, this paper explores the mu-tual influence of Chinese folk music and sports dance, considers the requirements of sports dance for music, and analyzes the in-tegration of Chinese folk music with sports dance.

  9. On the Multiple Perspectives through which Feng Zikai Appreciated the Beauty of Folk Customs%论丰子恺民俗审美的多重视角

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄江平

    2012-01-01

    重视艺术与现实生活的密切联系,是丰子恺审美活动的逻辑起点。面对丰富的民俗生活和民俗事象,丰子恺从多角度、多层面展开民俗审美活动。在物质民俗审美中,丰子恺以对“人间烟火气”的盎然兴致,观察其家乡的衣食住行习俗,捕捉司空见惯的原生态民俗,刻画富于人情味和人情美的民俗生活。在艺术民俗审美中,不仅以玩具与花灯为代表的民间美术和民间工艺品是其民俗审美的重要内容,连日常生活中的叫卖声、小贩的招揽声、打桩的号子声也成了亲切而感人的“自然的音乐”,具有丰富的民俗文化价值。在信仰民俗审美中,他关注了家乡的佛道信仰、祖先崇拜及原始的动植物崇拜,通过对节日仪式的审美观照,展现了丰富的民间宗教信仰和原始巫术遗存。%Attaching importance to the close relationship between art and reality is the logical point of departure of Feng Zikai's aesthetic activities. Faced with a rich variety of folk customs and ways, Feng Zikai pursued his aesthetic appreciation of them from multi-angles and on multi-layers. When appreciating the material folk customs, he showed a keen interest in the everyday life of ordinary people, observing the daily habits of his country folks, taking note of pristine ways and customs which often escape an unobservant eye and depicting folk life that is filled with a human touch. When appreciating folk cus- toms of art, he not only studied typical arts and crafts like toys and festive lanterns, but also "the natural music" of crying one's ware, soliciting customers and chanting while piling that is rich in cultural value. When studying the folk customs of faith, he paid attention to the Buddhist and Taoist faiths of his country folks, their ancestor worship and their primitive wor- ship of animals and plants. Through an aesthetic appreciation of the festive rituals he revealed

  10. 当代民间舞蹈创作实践的问题与对策%The Problems and Countermeasures of Contemporary Folk Dance Creation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周媛

    2012-01-01

    文化全球化时代,民间舞蹈创作如何缓解继承与创新、内容与形式、地方性与全球性等一系列紧张关系,创造多元化的舞蹈形式传达地方性审美经验,民间舞蹈创作能够回应时代的要求。%The folk dance creation contains how to ease a series of tensions between local and global culture in the era of globalization.The folk dance can respond the requirements of the time by crcating diverse dance forms to convey local aesthetic experience.

  11. The Study of the Development on the Folk Culture Tourism of Bouxcuengh Clothing%壮族服饰民俗文化旅游开发探究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    欧艳; 陈燕君

    2013-01-01

    Bouxcuengh clothing is the most direct show of Boux-cuengh folk culture, the national dress of benign development and utilization of the Bouxcuengh folk tourism can form a benefi-cial impact. In this paper, Nanning, Guangxi specific tourism de-velopment envisaged for the specific object of study commenced.%  独特的壮族服饰是壮族民俗文化最直接的展现,民族服饰的良性开发利用对壮族民俗旅游能够形成有益的影响。本文以广西南宁为具体研究对象展开具体的旅游开发设想。

  12. Research on the Development of Xiangxi Folk Sports Curriculum Resources%湘西州民间体育课程资源开发研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    康丽华

    2013-01-01

    本文采用文献资料法、调查法等研究方法,对湘西州民间体育资源进行分析,针对湘西州民间体育资源的价值与特点,探讨湘西州民间体育资源入选体育课程内容的筛选原则以及改编方法,以此促进湘西州中小学体育课程改革。%By means of documentary and questionnaire, The paper analyses the folk sports resources of Xiangxi and explores the selecting principles and the methods of adaptation on selecting the folk sports resources into physical education curriculum content, In order to promote Xiangxi primary and secondary schools’ physical education curriculum reform.

  13. The Dilemma of Folk Traditional Sports' Development in the Context of Globalization%全球化背景下民族传统体育发展的困境及策略

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    阳家鹏; 向春玉

    2012-01-01

    对民族传统体育面临的发展困境进行分析,并在全球化背景下探讨民族传统体育的发展途径。认为:民族传统体育的传统性、朴素性和注重伦理的特征与当今社会的功利性和宣泄性的需求不一致,民族传统体育实践主体逐渐流失以及西方体育的强势推进等制约了民族传统体育的发展。重新认识民族传统体育的现代性价值,不断提高民族传统文化自觉,增强民族传统体育文化自信,建立民族传统体育文化与西方文化的"互哺"机制才能使我国民族传统体育的发展走出困境。%The present paper has analyzed the difficult position of folk traditional sports in the process of development and dis cussed the development approaches of folk traditional sports under the background of globalization. It holds that folk traditional sports' traditional, guileless and stress on the importance of ethics characteristics are against the present utilitarian and catharsis demands. The progressive loss of folk traditional sports' subject practice and the aggressive push of westernsports restrict the development of folk traditional sports. To help folk traditional sports out of the dilemma, we should rediscover the modern value of folk traditional sports, enhance the consciousness of national traditional culture, improve the cultural confidence and set up the "mutual feeding" mechanism of folk traditional sports culture and western sports culture.

  14. A Tie That Binds: The Concept of Character Formation in Folk Arts in Education and the History of Education in the United States.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosenberg, Jan

    This paper discusses the concept of character formation as it can be positively impacted by folk arts in education. A long-standing tradition in U.S. education is for the teacher to take a leading role in molding the character of young people, as outlined through the years by such scholars as Thomas Jefferson, Horace Mann, and Rachel Davis DuBois.…

  15. 论枣庄民间故事中的女性形象%Zaozhuang Theory of Female Images in the Folk Stories

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵秀媛

    2016-01-01

    枣庄民间故事中的女性形象主要包括懒女与笨妇形象、境遇悲惨的女性形象、勇于抗争的女性形象、巧媳妇与女强人等类型。这些女性形象一方面镌刻着深刻的男权思想印记,表现出对女性的歧视、嘲笑和丑化;另一方面,也客观地反应了生活在社会底层的民间女性凄惨悲苦的生存状态。难能可贵的是,枣庄民间故事还塑造了许多聪慧的女性和能干的女强人形象,这些女性携带着民间文学特有的的爽朗气息,真实地彰显着女性的历史存在。%zaozhuang female images in the folk stories mainly includes a lazy woman with stupid woman image,the tragedy of female image,have the courage to fight the image of women,wife types,such as a strong woman. These female images on the one hand engraved a deep imprint of the patriarchal thought,show the discrimination against women,ridicule and uglification;On the other hand,it objectively reflects the life in the bottom of the folk women sad state of existence of bitterness. Zaozhuang is valuable,folk stories also created many intelligent women and capable women image,these women carrying the folk literature the unique flavor of bright and clear,truly reflect the women′s history.

  16. 当代湖南地区民间信仰调查报告--以南岳民间信仰考察为例%Investigation Report of Folk Beliefs in Hunan Province--- A Case Study of of Nanyue Folk Beliefs

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李琳

    2014-01-01

    南岳民间信仰以圣帝祝融信仰为代表,是一种集祖先崇拜与文化英雄崇拜于一体的民间信仰。南岳民间信仰是湖南地区具有地域特色的重要民俗事项,当代南岳民间信仰的生存环境发生了重大变化,变迁是其必然趋势。具体表现在信仰对象趋向复杂化,信仰方式趋向多样化,信仰群体趋向扩大化、松散化。当代南岳民间信仰的生存策略:采用“双名制”,依附法定宗教,以寻求政府认可;利用宗教文化搭台、旅游经济唱戏,实现大小传统的契合;利用以乡村干部、宗教人士、富人为代表的乡土权威的影响力,使民众重拾延续了几千年的信仰,营造了自己的精神家园。%Nanyue folk beliefs represented by Shengdi Zhurong faith are folk religions of the collection which integrate ancestor worship and culture hero worship . Nanyue folk beliefs are important folk customs of Hunan area ,with the regional characteristic . Contemporary Nanyue folk beliefs of significant changes have taken place in the environment and change is the inevitable trend .They are embodied in the faith object , which tends to complicate . Ways of faith turn towards diversified , faith groups tend to spread and loosen . Contemporary survival strategies of Nanyue folk beliefs are :the “dual system” ,which depends on the legal religion , to seek government approval ; use of religious culture plays and act in an opera in tourist economy ,realizing the traditional culture conjunction in the official and the folk ; using the influence of the local authority which is represented by rural cadres , religious people ,the rich ,the people regain the faith which lasted for thousands of years ,building their own spiritual home .

  17. The Intertextuality of Vulgar Art and Folk Art%媚俗艺术与民间艺术的互文性关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李爱红

    2015-01-01

    As a kind of aesthetic art after the Industrial Age, vulgar art has become popular as a representative of happiness lies and bad taste, although it is accompanied by law of inadequate in aesthetic.Folk art with healthy connotation and pleasing forms has been infiltrated by vulgar art under the situation of all-pervasive new media and commercialism, which comes to indicate the intertextuality between the folk art and the vulgar art. Thus, positive and effective cultural strategies should be taken to launch a response to the new situation to obtain the sustainable development of folk art.%媚俗艺术作为工业化时代之后出现的一种审美现象,虽然伴随着美学不充分定律,成为快乐谎言和坏趣味的代表,但是依旧被大众广泛接受;民间艺术拥有健康快乐的形式与内涵,但是在新媒介与商业主义无孔不入的情况下也被媚俗艺术渗透,形成了与媚俗艺术的互文性。民间艺术应以积极有效的文化策略应对新的语境,以实现可持续发展。

  18. 民间艺术资源的云存储技术研究%Research on cloud storage technology of folk art resources

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李小波; 田中娟; 叶振

    2016-01-01

    The construction and research of Chinese folk art resources platform is an important and urgent task in the culture and art field, and there are many challenges. In the big data era, the use of cloud computing and cloud storage technology is an inevitable trend. This paper introduces the Hadoop cloud computing and cloud storage technology, puts forward the development scheme of folk art resources cloud storage platform based on Hadoop. The construction of folk art resources cloud storage platform based on Hadoop is feasible and effective.%我国民间艺术资源平台的建设和研究是当前文化艺术领域面临的一项重要而紧迫的课题,存在着诸多挑战。在大数据时代背景下,采用云计算和云存储技术是一个必然的趋势。文中介绍了Hadoop云计算与云存储技术,提出了基于Hadoop的民间艺术资源云存储平台建设方案。构建基于Hadoop的民间艺术资源云存储平台具有可行性和有效性。

  19. Inheritance and Reform:Original Folk Games in Kinder-gartens%传承与革新--原生态民间游戏走进幼儿园

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    史银华

    2014-01-01

    民间游戏是由劳动人民自发创编、在民间广泛流传的儿童喜闻乐见的活动,它具有浓烈地方特色和生活气息,是民族传统文化的重要组成部分。“原生态”就是自然状态下的、未受人为影响和干扰的原始生态或生态原状。原生态民间游戏,简言之,就是具有自然生态性,是民族民间的游戏,是与民族的乡土环境、人文历史、风俗习惯融为一体的,原汁原味的游戏。%Folk games, an important part of national traditional culture, are activities which are spontaneously created by the working people, widely spread in the folk and loved by children, so they are full of local features and flavor of life. Original ecology refers to the original ecological status which are natural without artificial intervention. Original folk games, in short, are authentic national games with natural ecological features, which are inte-grated with local environment, humanistic history, customs and habits.

  20. Interpretation of Extension of Folk Color Pattern in Packaging Design%解读民间图案色彩在包装设计中的延展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘红伟

    2012-01-01

    Through interpretation of the charm of Chinese folk color pattern,which include a sense of strength and embodiment of profound meaning and emotional expression.All these characteristics make the Chinese folk color pattern the most visual elements of Chinese national culture.Therefore,the right interpretation of Chinese folk color pattern provides designers new ideas in packaging design.%通过解析民间图案色彩的先声夺人的力量感和寓意深刻的情感表现等魅力,使得读者了解到中国民间图案色彩是最能体现出民族文化内涵的视觉因素之一,也是反映民间图案灵魂最直接的表白。通过对中国民间图案色彩的个性解读,为广大的设计师提供一条探讨民间图案色彩在包装设计应用的新思路。

  1. 浅谈民族民间舞与幼儿舞蹈教学的结合%The combination of national folk and children dance teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王艳

    2015-01-01

    The national folk dance contains rich ideological content, in dance teaching kindergarten, folk dance teaching is the important content, it with its beautiful modelling, lively and vivid art performances and happy relaxed atmosphere and welcome by the children. How to put the national folk dance very good application in children dance teaching, also need the general educator lots of teaching practice and exploration.%民族民间舞蹈蕴含着丰富的思想内涵,经历史的长河冲刷涤荡依然在泠泠作响,在幼儿园的舞蹈教学中,民族民间舞蹈教学是其重要的内容,它以其优美的艺术造型、活泼生动的表演和欢乐轻松的气氛而得到小朋友们的欢迎。如何把民族民间舞蹈在幼儿舞蹈教学中很好的应用,还需要广大幼教工作者大量的教学实践和探索。

  2. Application and Significance of Folk Symbol in Landscape Design%浅谈民俗符号在景观设计中的运用及意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩依纹

    2011-01-01

    民俗文化是中国传统文化的重要组成部分,在国际舞台上以独一无二的符号演绎着中国文化。景观设计作为我国的新兴职业,必然担负着发扬民俗文化的重任,本文通过对符号学的研究,进行民俗景观符号的创作,从而丰富景观作品携带的文化内涵,体现出规划区域的乡土特色,真正的做到"一地一景",而不是"千城一面"。%Chinese folk culture is an important part of traditional culture,in the international arena,it's a unique interpretation of the symbols of Chinese culture.As China's emerging professional,landscape design must shoulder the heavy responsibility to carry forward the folk culture.Based on the study of semiotics,the creative of folk symbol of the landscape,thus enrich the cultural landscape works' meaning,reflect the local characteristics of the planning area,really make,"one place one scene," rather than "1000 Cities the same".

  3. 泉州民间舞蹈及其生态研究%Analysis of Quanzhou Folk Dancing and Its Eco-settings

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶晓丽

    2011-01-01

    From an angle of dancing ecology, this paper studies the folk dancing of Quanzhou in respect of its forming as well as influences, of which to focus upon probing into all kinds of influences of both natural and human environment upon folk dancing cultural characters, including dancing language, connotation, costumes, and stage properties. The paper also takes bare-chest-batting dancing as an example, analyzes Quanzhou folk dancing in terms of its constructing elements, the interrelationship of locational production and living environment.%从舞蹈生态学的角度,对泉州民间舞蹈文化的生成及其影响进行研究,着重探讨环境中自然和人文要素对泉州民间舞蹈文化特征,包括舞蹈语言、内涵、服装及道具等所产生的种种影响。并以拍胸舞为例,分析泉州民间舞蹈的构成元素,以及地域性生产、生活环境的相互影响。

  4. Study on Design ideas of Traditional Folk House in Heyang Village%浙江河阳传统民居的设计思想浅析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王蓓

    2012-01-01

    河阳传统民居是浙江中部地区乡土民居的典型代表。文章从河阳传统民居建筑的环境、人文和审美三方面出发,挖掘折射出的"天人合一"的生态观,"亲亲尊尊"的伦理观,崇尚祥瑞的审美观的民居设计思想,以求能对现代新民居设计给予参考和借鉴。%The traditional folk house in Heyang village is the typical Vernacular house in the central region of Zhejiang.This article study on the environment,humanities,aesthetic of the traditional folk house of Heyang.Then it digs out the ecological concept,the ethics and the aesthetic view,so that it can give some References to the people who want to design a modern new folk house.

  5. Possible similarities between the folk medicine historically used by First Nations and American Indians in North America and the ethnoveterinary knowledge currently used in British Columbia, Canada.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lans, Cheryl

    2016-11-04

    This paper compares sixty-four plants used as ethnoveterinary remedies in British Columbia with First Nations folk medicine. In 2003, I conducted semi-structured interviews with 60 participants obtained using a purposive sample. The data was then compared with historical documents on First Nations plant use. Exact parallels between First Nations/native American folk medicine and ethnoveterinary remedies used for farm animals and horses were Acer macrophyllum Pursh, Epilobium angustifolium L. and Lonicera involucrata (Richardson) Banks ex Spreng., used as stimulants and tonics for goats; Achlys tripylla DC. as a fly repellent in barns, Alnus rubra Bong., for rabbits' dental care, Berberis repens Lindl., Rumex crispus L., to treat sores and rashes on horses, Pinus ponderosa Douglas ex C. Lawson for stomach problems and Bovista pila Berk. and M. A. Curtis and Dolichousnea longissima (Ach.) Articus used on wounds. This study revealed the parallel uses between sixty-four plants used as ethnoveterinary medicines in British Columbia and the folk medicines used by the First Nations peoples and by native American groups. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  6. Cultural study of Japanese folk customs and taboos%日本民俗及其禁忌文化的探究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙鹏

    2015-01-01

    日本文化传承严格意义上都是属于中华文化圈范围内,在日本保留着唐宋以来的一些文化、习俗,日本民俗及其禁忌文化存在的礼数禁忌与行为禁忌,能够让我们认识到日本历史传承中的不同文化习俗和发展情况。概述民俗与禁忌概念,重点从礼数禁忌、行为禁忌、语言禁忌入手,分析日本民俗与禁忌文化。%Japan's cultural inheritance are fall within the scope of the Chinese culture in a strict sense, in Japan retains some of the culture, customs, since the tang and song dynasty, the Japanese folk customs and taboos statecraft taboo, taboo and behavior of the existence of culture can let us realize the Japanese history heritage of the different cultural customs and development situation. Outlines the concept of folk customs and taboos, focus, from the perspective of the statecraft taboo, taboo behaviour, language taboos and cultural analysis of Japanese folk customs and taboos.

  7. 民间传统游戏的失落与回归%An Analysis of the Loss and Return of Traditional Folk Games

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王海燕

    2013-01-01

      民间传统游戏是幼儿及儿童重要的生活和存在方式。随着社会转型,城市化推进,致使民间传统游戏的生存和传承面临着危机:自然游戏群体减化;游戏材料异化;游戏场地窄化;游戏时间短化。基于此,民间传统游戏的弘扬需要家长和教师树立正确的游戏观,坚持游戏课程化和教学游戏化。%The traditional folk games are an important way of life and existence of infants and children . With the development of social change and the progress of urbanization ,the traditional folk games are fac-ing a crisis of existence and inheritance—the reduction of the natural game groups ,the alienation of game materials ,the narrowing of playgrounds and the shortening of playing time .In order to solve these prob-lems and promote the development of traditional folk games ,the parents and teachers should establish a cor-rect view of the game and should insist on the game-oriented curricula and curriculum-oriented game .

  8. 论巴渝民间艺术“小河锣鼓”的传承和保护%The Inheritance and Protection of Bayu Folk Art Xiaohe Drum

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨翠碧; 简春燕

    2016-01-01

    The Xiaohe Drum, one of the third set of national non-material culture heritage items, is a combination of folk musical instruments with prominent artistry and tense local characteristics. But its artistic and cultural value has not been stressed and thus its inheritance is not well conducted. The inheritance and protection of Xiohe Drum shall be guaranteed on the condition that its contents and forms shall be continuously innovated, the subject and forms of inheritance changed and it supported by governments, public cultural institutions and the common people.%被列为第三批国家级非物质文化遗产的小河锣鼓是巴渝地区一种独特的民间器乐组合,具有鲜明的艺术特色及浓郁的地域文化特征。但其艺术及文化价值却长期未能得到充分重视,传承严重受阻。为更好地传承与保护小河锣鼓,需不断革新内容与形式、改变传承方式与主体,大力争取政府部门、公共文化机构及广大民众的支持与帮助。

  9. On the Social and Historical Vicissitudes of the TunPu Folks from Their Genealogies——A Discussion on the Relationship between the Tunpu Folks and the Native Ethnical Minorities%从屯堡家谱看屯堡乡民社会的历史变迁——兼论屯堡人与少数民族之关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李昌礼; 颜建华

    2012-01-01

    The social and historical vicissitudes of the tunpu folks have been exerting an influence directly on the relationship between the tunpu folks and the native ethnic minorities.From the Ming to Qing Dynasty,the tunpu went through the variations from prosperity to decline,and then to prosperity again,and to decline forever at last.The ethnic relationship in this social background went through the changes from confrontation to integration,and then to confrontation again,and to integration forever at last as well.Today,the genealogies and the genealogical trees that the tunpu folks compiled and preserved have witnessed the courses of the historical changes of the tunpu folks in the past 600 years,and the cross-ethnical relationship between the tunpu folks and the native ethnic minorities during the past different historical periods.%屯堡乡民社会的历史变迁直接影响屯堡人与当地少数民族之间的关系。自明清以来,屯堡的发展经历了由盛到衰,再到兴盛,最终走向衰落的变化过程。在这种社会历史变迁背景下的民族关系同样经历了由对抗到融合,再到对抗,最终走向融合的变化过程。而今屯堡人保留和编撰的家谱、族谱的相关忆记充分见证了六百多年以来屯堡乡民社会的历史变迁轨迹,以及各个不同历史时期屯堡人与当地少数民族之间的族际关系。

  10. 中国民俗文化旅游节日对比与研究--以南宁国际民歌艺术节与吴桥国际杂技艺术节为例%Comparison and study of Chinese Folk Culture Tourism Festival--Take the Nanning International Folk Song Festival and the Wuqiao international acrobatics festival as an example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林筱筠

    2015-01-01

    文章主要研究具有中国特色的民俗文化旅游节日,以南宁国际民歌艺术节与吴桥国际杂技艺术节为例,既从纵向研究对比两个国际文化旅游艺术节日的文化背景,历史由来,又从横向对比两个民俗文化旅游节日的开发及利用,以南宁国际民歌艺术节与吴桥国际杂技艺术节的对比研究为例。通过分析各自的优势与劣势,借鉴彼此成功经验,避免不足与缺陷,由此为中国少数民族民俗文化旅游资源的开发找到正确的途径。%This paper mainly studies the Chinese characteristics of Folk Culture Tourism Festival, take the Nanning International Folk Song Festival and Wuqiao International Art Festival as an example, from the longitudinal study of two international cultural tourism festival of cultural background, historical origin, and from the horizontal contrast of the two folk culture tourism festival development and utilization, compare Nanning International Folk Song Festival with Wuqiao international Acrobatics Art Festival. Through the analysis of their respective advantages and disadvantages, to learn from each other's successful experience, to avoid the shortage and defect, which is to find the right way for the development of China's minority folk culture tourism resources.

  11. Evaluating educational media using traditional folk songs ('lam') in Laos: a health message combined with oral tradition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoshida, Itsuko; Kobayashi, Toshio; Sapkota, Sabitri; Akkhavong, Kongsap

    2012-03-01

    In the Lao People's Democratic Republic (Laos), health education is clearly a core aspect of the health service and is vital in improving people's lives through good health. However, there are many obstacles to conducting effective health education. The development of effective educational media is one solution to these problems. In Laos, traditional folk songs (lam) are preserved as part of the local communication media, and recently this communication medium has been used for health education. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of educational media using lam. For this purpose, we conducted focus group discussions with 48 participants. The reactions of the participants towards a lam, developed for preventing HIV/AIDS, were analysed using the KJ (Kawakita Jiro) method. The analysis showed there were eight areas of concern: (1) interest in a lam talking about HIV/AIDS; (2) knowledge and perception related to HIV infection routes; (3) expressing a willingness for preventing HIV/AIDS; (4) togetherness with people living with HIV/AIDS; (5) HIV/AIDS education for children; (6) improving educational methods; (7) characteristics and effectiveness of the lam and (8) song preferences. The reactions of the participants, such as gaining knowledge and expressing individual attitudes and community actions for preventing HIV/AIDS, were promoted by the characteristics and effectiveness of the lam such as oral tradition, artistry and cultural values. In particular, the oral tradition represented by lam is useful for the Lao people in memorizing and communicating information.

  12. Chinese Folk"Family"Culture%中国民间“香火”文化初探

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢国荣

    2015-01-01

    "Incense" customs reflect the ancient Chinese with the fear and worship of the gods of heaven and earth, and folk "incense" stems mainly from China's profound traditional family ethics and clan. A shrine is the core content of "incense". In the old days, in addition to ancestors and the emperors, only teachers could be consecrated by“incense”on a shrine which indicated that the teachers had lofty posi⁃tion in the minds of the Chinese nation.%“香火”习俗反映了中国古人对天地诸神的敬畏和崇拜,而民间“香火”主要源于中国深厚的家庭伦理和宗族传统。神位,是“香火”的核心内容。在旧时代,除了祖先和国君之外,人世间能够上香火让人供奉的人就是老师,可见老师在中华民族心目中的崇高地位。

  13. The pickling technology of Shaoxing folk pickles%绍兴民间腌渍菜制作技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴光忠; 郑国江

    2011-01-01

    In order to inherit and promote traditional pickling technology,the choice of raw materials,technological process,and operating methods of Shaoxing folk pickles are introduced.The eating methods of short-term pickled vegetables,pickled potherb mustard,pterocladia tenuis okam and Chinese mustard green are especially explained in detail.The mechanism of flavor components in pickles is also discussed as well.%为了继承传统老法腌渍菜的制作方法,介绍了绍兴民间制作腌渍菜的原料、工艺流程和操作方法,同时介绍了暴腌菜、佩红菜、鸡毛菜和倒纛菜(冬芥菜)等的制作方法,并说明了绍兴民间腌渍菜的食用方法,论述了腌渍菜中呈味物质的形成机理。

  14. The Common HOL Platform

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mark Adams

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The Common HOL project aims to facilitate porting source code and proofs between members of the HOL family of theorem provers. At the heart of the project is the Common HOL Platform, which defines a standard HOL theory and API that aims to be compatible with all HOL systems. So far, HOL Light and hol90 have been adapted for conformance, and HOL Zero was originally developed to conform. In this paper we provide motivation for a platform, give an overview of the Common HOL Platform's theory and API components, and show how to adapt legacy systems. We also report on the platform's successful application in the hand-translation of a few thousand lines of source code from HOL Light to HOL Zero.

  15. COMMON FISCAL POLICY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriel Mursa

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this article is to demonstrate that a common fiscal policy, designed to support the euro currency, has some significant drawbacks. The greatest danger is the possibility of leveling the tax burden in all countries. This leveling of the tax is to the disadvantage of countries in Eastern Europe, in principle, countries poorly endowed with capital, that use a lax fiscal policy (Romania, Bulgaria, etc. to attract foreign investment from rich countries of the European Union. In addition, common fiscal policy can lead to a higher degree of centralization of budgetary expenditures in the European Union.

  16. Folk Theorems on the Correspondence between State-Based and Event-Based Systems

    CERN Document Server

    Reniers, M A

    2010-01-01

    Kripke Structures and Labelled Transition Systems are the two most prominent semantic models used in concurrency theory. Both models are commonly believed to be equi-expressive. One can find many ad-hoc embeddings of one of these models into the other. We build upon the seminal work of De Nicola and Vaandrager that firmly established the correspondence between stuttering equivalence in Kripke Structures and divergence-sensitive branching bisimulation in Labelled Transition Systems. We show that their embeddings can also be used for a range of other equivalences of interest, such as strong bisimilarity, simulation equivalence, and trace equivalence. Furthermore, we extend the results by De Nicola and Vaandrager by showing that there are additional translations that allow one to use minimisation techniques in one semantic domain to obtain minimal representatives in the other semantic domain for these equivalences.

  17. Folk Theorems on the Correspondence between State-Based and Event-Based Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reniers, Michel A.; Willemse, Tim A. C.

    Kripke Structures and Labelled Transition Systems are the two most prominent semantic models used in concurrency theory. Both models are commonly believed to be equi-expressive. One can find many ad-hoc embeddings of one of these models into the other. We build upon the seminal work of De Nicola and Vaandrager that firmly established the correspondence between stuttering equivalence in Kripke Structures and divergence-sensitive branching bisimulation in Labelled Transition Systems. We show that their embeddings can also be used for a range of other equivalences of interest, such as strong bisimilarity, simulation equivalence, and trace equivalence. Furthermore, we extend the results by De Nicola and Vaandrager by showing that there are additional translations that allow one to use minimisation techniques in one semantic domain to obtain minimal representatives in the other semantic domain for these equivalences.

  18. Who Owns Culture? Negotiating Folk Tradition at the Nishinomiya Ebisu Shrine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ASHMORE, Darren-Jon

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available Until relatively recently, the study of Japanese puppet art has largely been limited to the arts of Bunraku and the Edo period forms of ningyō jōruri [puppet drama] from which it evolved. However, beyond the bounds of these forms there existed, and still exists, a wealth of puppet based theatre which has largely been overlooked by the Anglophone academic community. Moreover, though many scholars have touched on the rites of the Nishinomiya Shrine, little work has been carried out at the shrine itself – especially with regard to the way the shrine's puppets operate today, and the way in which others view this 'birthplace' of Japanese puppet arts. This paper is an attempt further to encourage this burgeoning interest in the more 'common' aspects of Japanese performance art and, in this case, adds to the debate on rights of access and signification which the preservation or revival of such important cultural properties generates.

  19. Wild Allium species (Alliaceae used in folk medicine of Tajikistan and Uzbekistan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kurbonova Parvina A

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Hitherto available sources from literature mentioned several wild growing Allium species as "edible" or "medicinally used" but without any further specification. Methods New data were gained during recent research missions: Allium plants were collected and shown to the local population which was asked for names and usage of these plants. Results Information was collected about current medical applications of sixteen wild species, nine of which belong to different sections of Allium subgenus Melanocrommyum. These plants are used against headache, cold, and stomach problems, and are mostly applied fresh or after boiling. Conclusion Close taxonomic relatives of the common onion were used similar to cultivated onion species, but medical use like garlic was mostly reported for species taxonomically not related to garlic.

  20. 客家民俗舞蹈生态文化研究%Ecological culture research of folk dance of the Hakkas

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑丽红

    2015-01-01

    客家文化源远流长,而客家民俗舞蹈是客家文化的重要组成部分。在秦汉时代,由于战乱,客家人从北方迁徙到现在的江西、福建、广州等地,在这自北向南的长途跋涉过程中,客家文化不仅保留了民族古老的传承,还吸收了其他民族的优秀文化,成为中国历史上璀璨的篇章。舞蹈是通过肢体语言来表达人物内心的情感,客家民俗舞蹈生态文化体现了客家精神,它独特的表演方式、风格及内容,充分体现了客家人的精神文化。随着经济的发展,社会的转型,客家民俗舞蹈也在悄悄改变。客家民俗舞蹈生态文化的探索也在不断前行。文章主要阐述了客家民俗舞蹈的历史发展以及客家民俗舞蹈的内容、现状和今后的发展方向。%Hakka culture has a long history, which is the general term of the material culture and spirit culture of Hakkas. In Qin and Han Dynasties, due to the war, Hakka people migrated from the North to the current Jiangxi, Fujian, Guangzhou and other places, during that long journey, Hakka culture not only retained the ancient ethnic heritage, but also absorbed the outstanding culture of other nationalities, and became a brilliant chapter in the history of China. Dance is a way to express people' s inner feelings through body language. The ecological culture of Hakka’s folk dance reflects the Hakka spirit. Its unique performance, style and content fully embody the spirit of Hakka culture. With the development of economy, the transformation of the society, Hakka folk dance has also changed. The exploration of Hakka folk dance ecological culture is also constantly moving forward. This article mainly elaborates on the Hakka folk dance historical development as well as the Hakka folk dance content, the present situation and the exploration in the future development.