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Sample records for ren zhong feng

  1. Feng Shui dalam Mendesain Logo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monica Monica

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available A good logo is a reflection of a corporate identity, vision and mission, as well as a summary of the company's character. Feng shui is the ancient Chinese science of topography is believed to affect the success of making a good logo. According to Feng shui, every color, shape, letters, and numbers can affect the energy contained in the company logo. And these factors also have a grouping of the elements of each, a case of elements of earth, metal, fire, wood, and water. If the combination of the elements is wrong, it will create a destructive energy flowing so that hamper the pace of corporate fortunes. With the approach of the study and literature review, this article will explain how the relationship between the selection of colors, shapes, letters, and numbers in accordance with Feng Shui and may still have some artistic value.  

  2. Feng Shui dalam Mendesain Logo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monica

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available A good logo is a reflection of a corporate identity, vision and mission, as well as a summary of the company's character. Feng shui is the ancient Chinese science of topography is believed to affect the success of making a good logo. According to Feng shui, every color, shape, letters, and numbers can affect the energy contained in the company logo. And these factors also have a grouping of the elements of each, a case of elements of earth, metal, fire, wood, and water. If the combination of the elements is wrong, it will create a destructive energy flowing so that hamper the pace of corporate fortunes. With the approach of the study and literature review, this article will explain how the relationship between the selection of colors, shapes, letters, and numbers in accordance with Feng Shui and may still have some artistic value.

  3. Eucommia bark (Du-Zhong improves diabetic nephropathy without altering blood glucose in type 1-like diabetic rats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Niu HS

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Ho-Shan Niu,1 I-Min Liu,2 Chiang-Shan Niu,1 Po-Ming Ku,3,4 Chao-Tien Hsu,5 Juei-Tang Cheng4,6 1Department of Nursing, Tzu Chi University of Science and Technology, Hualien City, 2Department of Pharmacy & Graduate Institute of Pharmaceutical Technology, Tajen University, Pingtung County, 3Department of Cardiology, 4Department of Medical Research, Chi-Mei Medical Center, Yong Kang, Tainan City, 5Department of Pathology, E-DA Hospital, I-Shou University, Kaohsiung City, 6Institute of Medical Science, College of Health Science, Chang Jung Christian University, Guei-Ren, Tainan City, Taiwan Background: Eucommia bark, Eucommia ulmoides Oliver barks (Du-Zhong in Mandarin, is an herb used for renal dysfunction in Chinese traditional medicine. In an attempt to develop this herb as a treatment for diabetic nephropathy (DN, we investigated the effects of Du-Zhong on renal dysfunction in type 1-like diabetic rats. Methods: Streptozotocin (STZ was used to induce type 1-like diabetes in rats (STZ-diabetic rats. In addition to hyperglycemia, STZ-diabetic rats showed significant nephropathy, including higher plasma levels of blood urea nitrogen, creatinine, and renal fibrosis. Western blot analysis of renal cortical tissue was applied to characterize the changes in potential signals related to nephropathy. Results: Oral administration of Du-Zhong (1 g/kg/day to STZ-diabetic rats for 20 days not only decreased the plasma levels of blood urea nitrogen and creatinine but also improved renal fibrosis, whereas the plasma glucose level was not changed. The higher expressions of protein levels of transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-β and connective tissue growth factor in diabetic rats were markedly attenuated by Du-Zhong. The increased phosphorylation of Smad2/3 in STZ-diabetic rats was also reduced by Du-Zhong. However, Du-Zhong cannot reverse the hyperglycemia-induced overproduction of signal transducers and activators of transcription 3 in the diabetic kidney

  4. René Arze

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Entrevista (en español/Entretien (en espagnol Presentación/présentationEn esta entrevista, René Arze nos presenta sus trabajos de investigación sobre las guerras de Bolivia y más particularmente sobre la guerra del Chaco. Especialemente su trabajo de campo, la grabación de entrevistas de ex combatientes de la guerra del Chaco como un trabajo para la preservación de la memoria de los anónimos de la guerra. Dans cet entretien, René Arze présente ses travaux de recherche sur les guerres qui o...

  5. Landscape Design and Feng-Shui

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. Erdinc

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Feng-shui is a comprehensive concept dealing with design professions such as city and regional planning, architecture, indoor design and landscape architecture as a design phenomenon. It is also a design concept including space design principles whose main design aims are observing nature to ensure balance with nature and conserving nature by designing harmonies environments with nature. These principles make feng-shui extracted only from being hobby, mystical belief or art. Many actual design approaches such as sustainable design, ecological settlements, ecological planning and design were based on this philosophy which appeared centuries ago in the Far East. The main aim of this study is to evaluate the theoretical base and the implementations of feng-shui and to determine the ideal feng-shui models in open green space design approaches. At the first stage conceptual explanation about feng-shui and the development of feng-shui through history was set. At the second stage experiences and application at international stage were discussed. And, finally the usage of feng-shui in landscape architecture design was evaluated and proposals were offered.

  6. Feng shui viis elementi / Ann Tenno

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tenno, Ann, 1952-

    2003-01-01

    Feng shui õpetuse kohaselt on viie põhielemendi vahelised suhted vastastikku loovad või hävitavad ja elementide kasutamisel oma isikliku ruumi kujundamisel tuleb arvestada eelkõige elementide omavahelisi seoseid

  7. Feng shui viis elementi / Ann Tenno

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tenno, Ann, 1952-

    2003-01-01

    Feng shui õpetuse kohaselt on viie põhielemendi vahelised suhted vastastikku loovad või hävitavad ja elementide kasutamisel oma isikliku ruumi kujundamisel tuleb arvestada eelkõige elementide omavahelisi seoseid

  8. Ren Dahua In His Prime

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    <正>Ren Dahua has been considered as one of the most sexual men stars in the film circle, because he is fashionable and has been married to a modern sexual wife. That’s the reason why his status as an actor has been ignored until the film PTU is shown.PTU made Ren become an film emperor but lose his chance to win the gold prize. In spite of this, his acting has been recognized.

  9. Feng shui põhiprintsiibid - ajastamine / Ann Tenno

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tenno, Ann, 1952-

    2003-01-01

    Mida mõistetakse ajastamise all feng shui's. Feng shui abil endale soodsa elukoha leidmisel tuleb silmas pidada järgnevaid põhielemente: chi energia, mäed, vesi, tuul, maapind, suund ja orientatsioon ning ajastamine

  10. Feng shui põhiprintsiibid - ajastamine / Ann Tenno

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tenno, Ann, 1952-

    2003-01-01

    Mida mõistetakse ajastamise all feng shui's. Feng shui abil endale soodsa elukoha leidmisel tuleb silmas pidada järgnevaid põhielemente: chi energia, mäed, vesi, tuul, maapind, suund ja orientatsioon ning ajastamine

  11. Weierstrass semigroups and the Feng-Rao Distance

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Campillo, Antonio; Farran, Ignacio

    2000-01-01

    We detrmine the Feng-Rao distance for several claases of codes from algebraic geometry usingthe weierstrass semigroups......We detrmine the Feng-Rao distance for several claases of codes from algebraic geometry usingthe weierstrass semigroups...

  12. Feng shui taevased olendid / Ann Tenno

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tenno, Ann, 1952-

    2003-01-01

    Traditsioonilise maastikukoolkonna feng shui sümboliteks on roheline draakon, valge tiiger, must kilpkonn, punane fööniks. Taevased olendid tähistavad eelkõige maastikuvorme, nende abil võib tähistada olemasolevaid ehitisi ja struktuure, mis ümbritsevad meie kodu

  13. Feng shui taevased olendid / Ann Tenno

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tenno, Ann, 1952-

    2003-01-01

    Traditsioonilise maastikukoolkonna feng shui sümboliteks on roheline draakon, valge tiiger, must kilpkonn, punane fööniks. Taevased olendid tähistavad eelkõige maastikuvorme, nende abil võib tähistada olemasolevaid ehitisi ja struktuure, mis ümbritsevad meie kodu

  14. A remembrance of Professor TP FENG

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Richard W. Tsien

    2007-01-01

    @@ It is both an honor and pleasure to be given this opportunity to remember Professor TP FENG and his many contributions.He made many important scientific discoveries,labored mightily to establish firmly Physiology and Neuroscience in China,and was a major force in setting a high standard for scientific inquiry.

  15. Feng Yun-A higher Class

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    TO this Weiqi player, rising to a higher class is like climbing a mountain. Hangzhou city is a lucky place for Feng Yun for it is where she won her first national championship 10 years ago. Commonly known by it's Japanese name "Go", Weiqi is actually of Chinese origin and is a game of

  16. 中国风水地理哲学基础与人地关系%Philosophical Foundation of Chinese Feng Shui Geography and Man-Land Relationship

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙峰华; 方创琳; 王振波; 颜廷真

    2014-01-01

    The paper firstly examines traditional Feng Shui geography from the perspective of dialectical materialism, and constructs a pattern diagram from traditional to modern Feng Shui geography based on critique of Chinese Feng Shui philosophy geography. The concept of“Tian Ren He Yi”(Man and nature in one) in“The Book of Changes”laid the philosophical foundation of traditional Feng Shui geography, owing to the functions of concept of“Tian Ren He Yi”. Modern Feng Shui geography practices have endowed the concept of“Tian Ren He Yi”with new connotation. The renewed philosophical ideology of“Tian Ren He Yi”bears important significance on Modern Feng Shui geography research, the former of the two closely related to “man-land relationship”.“Man-land relationship”is not only the research theme and core of modern human geography, but also the source and the core of the crux of modern Feng Shui geography. In this paper, the systematic rethinking of the“man-land relationship” theoretical model lays a solid theoretical foundation for the study of man-land relationship of modern Feng shui geography. And this study points out that traditional Feng Shui geography contains a large number of superstition and pseudo-scientific thoughts, and must be subjected to philosophical examination of science and innovation. Relevant modern scientific theories, methods, and techniques must be introduced, so that the study will develop from the qualitative research to empirical research, from traditional to modern Feng Shui Geography.%首先用辩证唯物主义哲学观考察了传统风水地理学,在对中国风水地理哲学批判的基础上,构建了从传统风水地理学走向现代风水地理学的模式图。《周易》中的“天人合一”观之所以奠定了传统风水地理学的哲学基础,它由“天人合一”思想的功能所决定。现代风水地理学实践赋予了“天人合一”新内涵,新“天人合一”的哲学

  17. On the Feng-Rao bound for generalized hamming weights

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Geil, Hans Olav; Thommesen, Christian

    2006-01-01

    The Feng-Rao bound gives good estimates of the minimum distance of a large class of codes. In this work we are concerned with the problem of how to extend the Feng-Rao bound so that it deals with all the generalized Hamming weights. The problem was solved by Heijnen and Pellikaan in [7] for a lar...

  18. Individual Differences in Zhong-Yong tendency and Processing Capacity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ting-Yun eChang

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available The present study investigated how an individual’s Zhong-Yong tendency is related to his/her perceptual processing capacity. In two experiments, participants completed a Zhong-Yong Thinking Style Scale and performed a redundant-target detection task. Processing capacity was assessed with a nonparametric approach (systems factorial technology, SFT and a parametric (linear ballistic accumulator model, LBA approach. Results converged to suggest a positive correlation between Zhong-Yong tendency and processing capacity. High middle-way thinkers had larger processing capacity in multiple-signal processing compared with low middle-way thinkers, indicating that they processed information more efficiently and in an integrated fashion. Zhong-Yong tendency positively correlates with the processing capacity. These findings suggest that the individual differences in processing capacity can account for the reasons why high middle-way thinkers tend to adopt a global and flexible processing strategy to deal with the external world. Furthermore, the influence of culturally dictated thinking style on cognition can be revealed in a perception task.

  19. On the Feng-Rao bound for generalized Hamming weights

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Geil, Olav; Thommesen, Christian

    2005-01-01

    The Feng-Rao bound gives good estimates of the minimum distance of a large class of codes. In this work we are concerned with the problem of how to extend the Feng-Rao bound so that it deals with all the generalized Hamming weights. The problem was solved by Heijnen and Pellikaan in [7] for a large...... family of codes that includes the duals of one-point geometric Goppa codes and the q-ary Reed-Muller codes, but not the Feng-Rao improved such ones. We show that Heijnen and Pellikaan’s results holds for the more general class of codes for which the traditional Feng-Rao bound can be applied. We also...... establish the connection to the Shibuya-Sakaniwa bound for generalized Hamming weights ([15], [16], [17], [18], [19] and [20]). More precisely we show that the Shibuya-Sakaniwa bound is a consequence of the extended Feng-Rao bound. In particular the extended Feng-Rao bound gives always at least as good...

  20. Nicholas Steno and Renè Descartes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olden-Jørgensen, Sebastian

    2009-01-01

    Den danske videnskabsmand Niels Steensen (1638-86) læste allerede som ung student Renè Descartes og blev grebet af hans metode, som han forblev tro i hele sit videnskabelige virke. Cartesianismen kan beskrives som Steensens videnskabelige paradigme (Kuhn), men det var også et paradigme, han testede...

  1. Keeping Current: Feng Shui and the School Library Media Specialist.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barron, Daniel D.

    2000-01-01

    Discusses the changing shift in education, including learning resources centers, from a production to a consumer mind-set, focusing on the activity of learning rather than teaching. Highlights include learning communities; personal mastery; developing a vision; the interconnectedness of organizations; harmony and balance, similar to feng shui; and…

  2. Eestimaine feng shui talus ja mõisas / Kadi Lehtmets

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lehtmets, Kadi

    2006-01-01

    Geobioloogia ja feng shui asjatundjad Siret ja Janno Seeder on uurinud ja mõõtnud Eesti talukohtade ja mõisate energeetikat. Ilmneb, et on osatud end loodusenergiatega tasakaalu seada. S. ja J. Seederi nõuandeid uue maja ehitajaile

  3. Keeping Current: Feng Shui and the School Library Media Specialist.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barron, Daniel D.

    2000-01-01

    Discusses the changing shift in education, including learning resources centers, from a production to a consumer mind-set, focusing on the activity of learning rather than teaching. Highlights include learning communities; personal mastery; developing a vision; the interconnectedness of organizations; harmony and balance, similar to feng shui; and…

  4. Eestimaine feng shui talus ja mõisas / Kadi Lehtmets

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lehtmets, Kadi

    2006-01-01

    Geobioloogia ja feng shui asjatundjad Siret ja Janno Seeder on uurinud ja mõõtnud Eesti talukohtade ja mõisate energeetikat. Ilmneb, et on osatud end loodusenergiatega tasakaalu seada. S. ja J. Seederi nõuandeid uue maja ehitajaile

  5. Dr. Feng Xinghua's Experience in Treating Ankylosing Spondylitis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liu Hongxiao

    2006-01-01

    @@ Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a rheumatic disease mainly involving the axial joints, characterized by sacro-iliilis and rigid spine. Dr. Feng Xinghua from Guang'anmen Hospital affiliated to China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences has been engaged in the clinical research and treatment of arthralgia syndrome for more than 30 years. His experience is summarized as follows.

  6. [The essence of Professor Wu Lian-Zhong's acupuncture manipulation].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Jing; Guo, Yi; Wu, Lian-Zhong

    2014-05-01

    The painless needle insertion technique, summarized by Professor WU Lian-zhong during his decades of acupuncture clinical practice is introduced in this article, which is characterized as soft, flexible, fast, plucking and activating antipathogenic qi. The Sancai (three layers) lifting and thrusting manipulation technique is adopted by Professor WU for getting the qi sensation. And features of 10 kinds of needling sensation such as soreness, numbness, heaviness, distension, pain, cold, hot, radiation, jumping and contracture are summarized. Finger force, amplitude, speed and time length are also taken as the basis of reinforcing and reducing manipulations. Moreover, examples are also given to explain the needling technique on some specific points which further embodies Professor WU's unique experiences and understandings on acupuncture.

  7. Renæssancen i svøb

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

      Hvornår holder middelalderen op og afløses af renæssancen? Og kan det virkelig passe at renæssancen i Danmark først slår igennem 150 år efter den italienske? Disse spørgsmål mødtes en række forskere og specialister om og diskuterede i det danske renæssanceår 2006. Resultatet blev 13 nye bidrag ...

  8. FENG SHUI IN MODERN HOUSE DESIGN SEARCHING FOR THE RATIONALE AND POSSIBLE IMPACTS ASSESSMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    OCTAVIA Linda

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The Feng Shui, the "wind-water", is a Chinese system of geomancy using the laws of both Heaven and Earth for harmony and balance of life with the positive qi. Feng Shui is widely used to orient temples, palaces, shops, houses, and other structures, with the reference to local features such as bodies of water, stars, or a compass. The Feng Shui also informs the physical arrangements for manipulation and channeling the qi (positive or negative energy. Although Feng Shui is related to traditional believe and propitious manner, but some of its principles are rational. The current research is conducted to investigate any positive impacts of the Feng Shui application in modern house design. A house in Jakarta designed with Feng Shui was analyzed. The strategies were later examined based on the sustainable architectural design principles, especially its impact on the house functionality.

  9. Fast Erasure and Error decoding of Algebraic Geometry Codes up to the Feng-Rao Bound

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Helge Elbrønd; Sakata, S.; Leonard, D.

    1996-01-01

    This paper gives an errata(that is erasure-and error-) decoding algorithm of one-point algebraic geometry codes up to the Feng-Rao designed minimum distance using Sakata's multidimensional generalization of the Berlekamp-massey algorithm and the votin procedure of Feng and Rao.......This paper gives an errata(that is erasure-and error-) decoding algorithm of one-point algebraic geometry codes up to the Feng-Rao designed minimum distance using Sakata's multidimensional generalization of the Berlekamp-massey algorithm and the votin procedure of Feng and Rao....

  10. Isak Dinesen Reading Søren Kierkegaard

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bunch, Mads

    Not only did Isak Dinesen (Karen Blixen, 1885-1962) read the works of her fellow-countryman, the Danish philosopher Søren Kierkegaard (1813-1855), closely, she also created a surprisingly large number of tales that critically engage Kierkegaard’s works. In this thorough comparative study, Mads Bu...... and develops from the early tale ‘Carnival’ (1926-27) to ‘The Dreamers’ (1934), ‘The Pearls’ (1942), ‘Babette’s Feast’ (1950) and her last tale ‘Ehrengard’ (1963). Bunch’s close readings reveal that Dinesen’s ironical counter-tales concerning Kierkegaard border at times on sheer parody....

  11. ren Buus. Thirty years of psychoacoustic inspiration

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Poulsen, Torben

    2005-01-01

    ren Buus did his MSc at the Acoustics Laboratory, Technical University of Denmark (DTU), in 1975 on the topic headphone calibration. He showed the importance of reliable reference values for psychoacoustic research and Søren was a great inspiration for my work (Scand. Audiol. 20, 205–207 (1991...

  12. ren og magten i Danmark, 1614-1662

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lind, Gunner

    Udviklingen i det danske militær fra hærens oprettelse til ind i enevælden, og dens betydning for den politiske og sociale magtstruktur.......Udviklingen i det danske militær fra hærens oprettelse til ind i enevælden, og dens betydning for den politiske og sociale magtstruktur....

  13. Ren Shuaiying,an Accomplished Gongbi Zhongcai Master

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LiuYinglan

    1996-01-01

    REN Shuaiying,a famous master painter of gongbi zhongcai(meticulous style painting in rich colors),has been gone for this great master,people still admire his complishment.Ren was born to a poor peasant family in Shulu County,Hebei Preovince.He became an orphan in early childhood,and was adopted by his

  14. PENERAPAN FORMULA FENG SHUI DENGAN PERTIMBANGAN FORM DALAM BANGUNAN DAN LINGKUNGAN BINAAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dewi Mariana

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Feng Shui merupakan ilmu Tiongkok kuno yang digunakan sebagai salah satu pendekatan desain dan penataan lingkungan binaan hingga zaman ini. Namun, banyak pihak lupa, tidak sadar, atau bahkan tidak tahu bahwa Feng Shui juga mementingkan bentuk (form dan bukan hanya penerapan formula atau perhitungan saja. Masalah muncul pada image praktisi Feng Shui yang negatif, yaitu bagi mayoritas arsitek, pelaksana bangunan dan sebagian pihak pemilik proyek, jika praktisi Feng Shui terlibat, desain akan berantakan, aneh, tidak enak dilihat, dan membuat bingung mereka semua. Makalah ini mendeskripsikan dan menganalisis empat pendekatan yang lazim diterapkan oleh praktisi Feng Shui yang pada praktiknya lebih banyak menekankan penerapan formula dan melupakan bentuk (form, padahal teori dasar Feng Shui menyatakan bahwa penerapannya menitikberatkan keserasian dengan lingkungan. Di sini juga ditunjukkan bahwa masing-masing pendekatan dapat ditengahi secara logis tanpa menyalahi aturan dasar Feng Shui itu sendiri. Hasil pembahasan memperlihatkan bahwa bentuk (form dan penerapan formula dalam Feng Shui bukan merupakan hal yang saling terpisah, tetapi justru diperlukan diterapkan bersamaan untuk tujuan desain yang baik.

  15. Site Planning Here and There: Comparing Western Site Planning and Design and Eastern Feng Shui

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mintai Kim

    2004-06-01

    Full Text Available Feng Shui, in comparison with contemporary site design tools, employs a broad range of criteria in the observation and assessment of a site. Feng Shui includes information that is gathered at a different level of awareness and used to define what it is that causes a space to feel the way it does. As a result, Feng Shui may better respond to human needs and perceptions by providing the physical conditions that are comfortable for people using the space. One of the intentions of this study is to close the gap between Western ('here' and Eastern ('there' ideas. This study examines 1 whether or not Feng Shui and Western site planning are comparable, and 2 if Feng Shui can be a valid planning, design and evaluation tool for modern site planning. We examine and compare urban plazas from both Feng Shui and Western site planning perspectives. The study assessed a variety of existing urban places in the Tucson and Phoenix metropolitan areas, and Sedona, Arizona for conditions of human comfort as measured by 1 Feng Shui principles, and 2 contemporary site design recommendations. This study used the principles of Feng Shui as the criteria for evaluation of urban spaces based on human needs for physical comfort. Results of this study indicate that places that are well designed from a Feng Shui point of view are also perceived as well designed from a contemporary site design vantage. The outcome suggests that Feng Shui is a valuable tool in the site design process for Western designers.

  16. Filming the Margin of Society——Chengdu through the lens of independent filmmaker Chen Zhong

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LiuLiu

    2004-01-01

    Regarded as the first independent filmmaker in Sichuan, Chen Zhong madeh is debut movie "Love Poems" in his hometown, soon after receiving his MFA on film from Temple University in the United States. The love story, set in Chengdu, perfectly captures the lifestyle of urban poor in the margins of Chinese society.

  17. The therapeutic effects of Sheng Jing Zhong Zi Tang in treating male infertility.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, B; Zhang, C; Du, L; Xue, W; Zou, P

    2001-06-01

    Eight-seven cases of male infertility due to spermatopathy were treated with Sheng Jing Zhong Zi Tang (SJZZT [symbol: see text]) for 1-3 courses. The total effective rate was 95.40% (83/87). 56.32% (49/87) of their spouses got pregnant and the semen quality was markedly improved (P cortisol (C).

  18. Yun Zhong Jun and Da Si Ming(Deity of Clouds and Great Master of Fate)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    Artistic Value: Yun Zhong Jun and Da Si tiling was created in 1954. Fu Baoshi started painting figures after his relocation to Sichuan Province in the 1930Sl He was less prolific in this genre than in landscapes, but nevertheless developed and retained a distinctive style,Extensively cultured in Chinese history and dassical iterature,

  19. Rock Engineering Design by Xiating Feng and John A Hudson

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    E.T.Brown

    2012-01-01

    This highly original and innovative book is the outcome of the work of the Commission on Rock Engineering Design Methodology of the International Society for Rock Mechanics (ISRM) in the period 2007-2011.The work of the Commission was managed by the authors,Professor John A Hudson,ISRM President for 2007-2011,and Professor Xiating Feng,ISRM President for 2011-2015,in association with the Chinese Society for Rock Mechanics and Engineering.Recently,this reviewer (2011) has argued that the work of its Commissions has been among the major achievements of the ISRM in the 50 years since its foundation in 1962.This book adds to that impressive record of achievement.

  20. Genetics Home Reference: REN-related kidney disease

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Testing Registry: Hyperuricemic nephropathy, familial juvenile, 2 Other Diagnosis and Management Resources (3 links) GeneReview: Autosomal Dominant Tubulointerstitial Kidney Disease, REN-Related MedlinePlus Encyclopedia: Hyperkalemia MedlinePlus Encyclopedia: Renin ...

  1. Examples for Clinical Use of Ma Zi Ren Wan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张书文

    2002-01-01

    @@ Ma Zi Ren Wan (麻子仁丸), originally recorded in Treatise on Febrile Diseases (伤寒论), is composed of Ma Zi Ren (麻子仁Fructus Cannabis), Bai Shao (白芍Radix Paeoniae Alba), Zhi Shi (枳实Fructus Aurantii Immaturus), Da Huang (大黄Radix etRhizoma Rhei), Hou Po (厚朴cortex Magnoliae Officinalis) and Xing Ren (杏仁Semen Armeniacae Amarum). Good therapeutic results have been achieved by using Ma ZiRen Wan in treatment of febrile disease at the restoring stage, chronic consumptive diseases, hemorrhoid, disorders in women after delivery, chronic kidney disease, senile constipation, pulmonary heart disease, diabetes, coronary heart disease and hypertension. Some illustrative cases are introduced below.

  2. René Turlay (1932-2002)

    CERN Multimedia

    2002-01-01

    René Turlay, one of the four discoverers of Charge Parity (CP) violation, died on 29 November 2002 after battling with serious illness for over a year. As a brilliant French physicist, he has left his mark on CERN where he took part in several major experiments and chaired the LEP Experiments Committee (LEPC). He spent almost all his career at the CEA in Saclay which he joined in 1957. His first work with the Saturne synchrotron concerned the study of p meson production in nucleon-nucleon collisions at 2.3 GeV. After gaining his doctorate, he went to Princeton in 1962 as a post-doc. He played a major role in the memorable experiment at Brookhaven's AGS accelerator where together with James Christenson, James Cronin and Val Fitch he discovered the CP violation phenomenon in weak interactions. This discovery gave Andrey Sakharov a key to explaining the predominance of matter over antimatter and sowed the seeds of the model of the three quark families. On returning to France at the end of 1964, he ...

  3. Katheterablation von supraventrikulären Tachykardien

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Strohmer S

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Supraventrikuläre Tachykardien (SVT spielen in der klinischen Praxis aufgrund ihrer Häufigkeit und Symptomatik eine große Rolle. Obwohl diese Arrhythmien im Allgemeinen nicht lebensbedrohlich sind, führen sie aufgrund ihres unvorhersehbaren Auftretens zu einer beträchtlichen Unsicherheit und Einschränkung der Lebensqualität. Die elektrophysiologische Untersuchung inklusive Katheterablation hat sich in den vergangenen 20 Jahren als kurative und sichere Erstlinientherapie für Patienten mit hochsymptomatischen bzw. wiederholten Anfällen etabliert. Heutzutage liegen die Erfolgsraten für die Radiofrequenzablation der regulären SVT über 95 % bei einer sehr niedrigen Rezidivrate von weniger als 5 %. Eine antiarrhythmische Therapie für das Langzeitmanagement ist aufgrund der geringen Effektivität und Gefahr von ernsthaften Nebenwirkungen weitgehend obsolet und nur in Ausnahmefällen erforderlich. Der folgende Artikel gibt eine aktuelle Übersicht über die häufigsten rhythmischen Schmalkomplextachykardien, die verschiedenen Mechanismen und moderne nicht-pharmakologische Therapieansätze.

  4. Clinical Experience of Syndrome Differentiation and Treatment of Psoriasis by Feng Xianzhang%冯宪章辨证治疗银屑病的临床经验

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑志广

    2015-01-01

    Psoriasis can be divided into 7 syndromes by Feng Xianzhang:wind heat and blood heat,blood stasis and blood dryness,blood deficiency and wind dryness,wind-dampness violate exterior,imbalance of Chong and Ren,damp-heat stagnancy,blood deficiency and hyperactivity of the liver.Respectively treating by dispelling wind and clearing heat,cooling and invigorate blood,promoting blood circu-lation to remove blood stasis,dredging collaterals and eliminating stagnation,nourishing blood and skin moisten,dispelling wind and ar-resting itching,dispersing wind and removing dampness,invigoration of Chong Ren,clearing heat and promoting diuresis,nourishing blood and liver.Feng Xianzhang make a diagnosis and give treatment of psoriasis focus on overall adjustment,not treatment of skin le-sion.Starting from the overall concept,in order to cure the disease by adjusting the function of viscera,treating the inner and the more its outside.At the same time pay attention to regulating liver,harmonizing Qi and blood,pay attention to science education and psycho-logical counseling.%冯宪章将银屑病分为风热血热证、血瘀血燥证、血虚风燥证、风湿袭表证、冲任失调证、湿热郁遏证、血虚肝旺证。分别采用疏风清热、凉血活血法,活血化瘀、通络散结法,养血润肤、祛风止痒法,散风除湿法,调补冲任法,清热利湿法,养血柔肝法以治之。冯宪章诊治银屑病注重整体调节,不提倡针对皮损的治疗。从整体观念出发,以调整人体脏腑功能失调,治其内而愈其外,达到“治其人”而“愈其病”的目的。临证注重调肝与调和气血,同时注重科普教育与心理疏导。

  5. An Analysis of the Feminine Awakening of Rebecca and Xi-feng

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Xue

    2013-01-01

    In Rebecca and A Dream of Red Mansions, the authors create two similar female characters -Rebecca and Wang Xi-feng,who have aroused numerous discussions among scholars. Although Rebecca and Xi-feng live in different times, they are quite similar in their characters and destinies, and are often referred as representatives of awakened female. This dissertation in-tends to conduct a cross-culture comparison between Rebecca and Xi-feng by answering the following questions: 1) what are the historical and individual causes of the feminine awakening of Rebecca and Xi-feng; 2) what are the similarities between Re-becca’s and Xi-feng’s feminine consciousness? 3) What are the differences between Rebecca and A Dream of Red Mansions in dis-playing characters’feminine consciousness?

  6. Application of Bu Zhong Yi Qi Tang According to TCM Differentiation of Syndromes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢甦

    2002-01-01

    @@ Bu Zhong Yi Qi Tang (补中益气汤Decoction for Reinforcing the Middle-jiao and Replenishing Qi) is an effective formulated recipe commonly used for treating a variety of diseases with the manifestations of kidney-qi deficiency. In my opinion, however, it is also very effective for the conditions of which the symptoms of kidney-qi deficiency is not noticeable, but its mechanism lies in dysfunction of the spleen. The following are some examples.

  7. [Clinical study on professor Wu Lian-zhong's experience in acupuncture treatment for facial paralysis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tang, Yan; Zheng, Li-juan; Yin, Li-li

    2009-08-01

    This paper introduce the professor WU Lian-zhong's clinical experience in acupuncture treatment for facial paralysis. Professor WU emphasizes the treatment based on syndrome differentiation. The appropriate theory, method, prescription and acupoints should be applied according to observing the subtle details of syndromes and differentiating the state of diseases development, so as to obtain effectiveness, to shorten the duration of treatment course and to reduce sequelae. The concrete methods of prognosis diagnosis for facial paralysis and three effective cases are introduced.

  8. 钟惺品评《左传》%Zhong Xing’ s Review of Zuo Commentary

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑艳玲

    2013-01-01

    Keen on history, Zhong Xing made a comprehensive review of Zuo Commentary in terms of history and literature. Through his review, Zhong Xing emphasized the traditional humanistic pragmatism of Confucianism, advocated a new approach to history and summarized the writing methods, thus having played a significant role in remedying the flippant style of study in the late Ming Dynasty. However, Zhong Xing’ s review of history is of limit-ed functions due to its excessive randomness and insufficient insight.%钟惺好史,他运用历史、文学的双重角度对《左传》进行了较为全面的品评。通过品评,钟惺强调了传统的儒家经世致用之说,提倡了治史之风,总结了作文之法,这对于扭转晚明浮躁学风是有一定的积极意义的。但是,钟惺的史评过于随意,且深度不够,其作用也是有限的。

  9. Adventitious shoot regeneration from the leaves of in vitro grown 'Zhongli 1' pear (Pyrus spp.)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jie LIU; Xi ZHANG; Bharat Kumar POUDYAL; Yuxing ZHANG; Zhan JIAO; Jing QI

    2009-01-01

    The pear (Pyrus spp.) is one of the most important temperate fruit crops. The technique of adven-titious shoot regeneration from leaves is considered to be one of the shortcuts in the research on pear genetic modification and cellular engineering, which, however, has not been widely used. As the regeneration frequency of pear leaves is usually very low, the research on adventi-tious shoot regeneration from pear leaves is eagerly needed. In this experiment, the factors affecting shoot and bud regeneration from the leaves of 'Zhongli 1' pear were studied, and an efficient protocol for shoot regenera-tion was established. The results showed that different types of basic media, different combinations of plant growth regulators, leaf placement on medium, periods of dark culture and the use of silver nitrate (AgNO3) on culture media all significantly affected the adventitious shoot regeneration frequency of 'Zhongli 1' pear. The details are as follows: (1) Among three kinds of basic media, NN69 was better for 'Zhongli 1' shoot regenera- tion, followed by half(1/2) MS, while full MS had no effect on shoot regeneration; (2) Thidiazuron (TDZ) was better than 6-benzylaminopurine (6-BA) for 'Zhongli 1' regen-eration, with an optimal concentration of 1.5 mg.L-1, and the regeneration rate under this concentration could reach 85%, with 2.72 buds per leaf. 0.5 mg .L-1 indole-3-butyric acid (IBA), which induced a higher regeneration fre-quency, was a better choice for pear regeneration compared with 0.3 mg.L-1 naphthaleneacetic acid (NAA). Among the different combinations of plant growth regulators, TDZ + IBA was better for inducing high regeneration frequency; (3) The abaxial surface of leaves touching the medium was beneficial for leaves to uptake nutrients from the medium, and because of that, the regeneration fre-quency of leaves was significantly higher than that of leaves touching the medium with their adaxial surfaces (obverse side of leaf); (4) Dark culture was necessary

  10. Ingeniørens rolle ved skabelse af innovative koncepter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    McAloone, Tim C.

    2007-01-01

    Kommentar: Ingeniørens rolle ved skabelse af innovative koncepter Af Tim McAloone, lektor ved DTU, redaktion@ing.dk, fredag 12. okt 2007 kl. 00:45 Innovationskonkurrencer og stimuleringen af kreative evner, både uden for og i etablerede virksomheder er oppe i tiden, hvor professionelle og lægfolk...... folk kan afprøve deres evner med innovation. Der er virksomhedsinterne og -eksterne konkurrencer, brancheorienterede konkurrencer (for eksempel Dansk Industris Produktpris, Ingeniørens egen Danish Product Award og Index-award), konkurrencer for iværksættere, konkurrencer for universitetsstuderende og...

  11. René Sand (Belgium, President 1946 – 1953

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available The extraordinary significance of the life and work of René Sand lies in his central position as a mediator, promoter and coordinator of social work on an increasingly international level during the interwar-period and it can hardly be overestimated.

  12. Zinc phosphating of 6061-Al alloy using REN as additive

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Shenglin; ZHANG Xiaolin; ZHANG Mingming

    2008-01-01

    Zinc phosphate coating formed on 6061-Al alloy was studied with the help of electrochemical measurements, Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR), and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), after dipping it in phosphating solutions containing different concentrations of Rare Earth Nitrate (REN). REN, which acted as an accelerator in the phosphating solution, could catalyze the surface reaction and accelerate the phosphating process. REN mainly enabled the P in the phosphate coating to exist in the form of PO43- and promoted the hydrolysis of phosphatic acid in a liquid layer at the cathodes. This resulted in the evolution of H2 at the cathodes, which increased the local pH value and in turn drove the precipitation of the phosphate coating. Additionally, REN was adsorbed on the surface of the aluminum substrates to form a gel during the phosphating process. These gel particles were good crystal seeds, which helped to form phosphate crystal nuclei and possess the function of a nucleation agent that could decrease the phosphate crystal size. The corrosion resistance of the formed zinc phosphate coatings was improved.

  13. Atmosfæren, Tietgenkollegiet og Tekstildesigneren

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Graabæk, Helle

    2009-01-01

    Resumé Atmosfæren, Tietgenkollegiet & Tekstildesigneren Denne masterafhandling handler om oplevelse fra et subjektivt perspektiv i mødet med rum og arkitektur. Tekstildesignerne Aggebo og Henriksen har, med udgangspunkt i deres faglighed og i et samarbejde med arkitekterne Lundgaard og Tranberg, ...

  14. "Darkness Overcomes You": Shaun Tan and Søren Kierkegaard

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johansen, Martin Blok

    2015-01-01

    This article analyses Shaun Tan's picturebook "The Red Tree" using some of the central concepts of existentialism developed by the Danish philosopher Søren Kierkegaard. Kierkegaard argued that being a person entails a coming-to-be ["tilblivelse"], and for the person this coming-to-be manifests itself as a task. The task is to…

  15. ETV ekraanigraafika on Euroopa parimate seas / René Vilbre

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vilbre, René, 1970-

    2011-01-01

    Euroopa avalik-õiguslikle telejaamade konkurentsis valiti ETV ekraanigraafika viie parima hulka. Finaali pääses ETV kahes kategoorias - "Best design package" ja "Best use of audio". Intervjuu vaheklippide autori René Vilbrega. Võttemeeskonda kuulusid veel toimetaja Anu Välba, operaatorid Kristjan-Jaak Nuudi ja Ergo Treier

  16. ETV ekraanigraafika on Euroopa parimate seas / René Vilbre

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vilbre, René, 1970-

    2011-01-01

    Euroopa avalik-õiguslikle telejaamade konkurentsis valiti ETV ekraanigraafika viie parima hulka. Finaali pääses ETV kahes kategoorias - "Best design package" ja "Best use of audio". Intervjuu vaheklippide autori René Vilbrega. Võttemeeskonda kuulusid veel toimetaja Anu Välba, operaatorid Kristjan-Jaak Nuudi ja Ergo Treier

  17. "Darkness Overcomes You": Shaun Tan and Søren Kierkegaard

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johansen, Martin Blok

    2015-01-01

    This article analyses Shaun Tan's picturebook "The Red Tree" using some of the central concepts of existentialism developed by the Danish philosopher Søren Kierkegaard. Kierkegaard argued that being a person entails a coming-to-be ["tilblivelse"], and for the person this coming-to-be manifests itself as a task. The task is to…

  18. Fast Erasure-and error decoding of algebraic geometry codes up to the Feng-Rao bound

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Høholdt, Tom; Jensen, Helge Elbrønd; Sakata, Shojiro

    1998-01-01

    This correspondence gives an errata (that is erasure-and error-) decoding algorithm of one-point algebraic-geometry codes up to the Feng-Rao designed minimum distance using Sakata's multidimensional generalization of the Berlekamp-Massey algorithm and the voting procedure of Feng and Rao....

  19. Feng shui väärtus on vaimujõus / Marika Tomberg ; komment. Lea Eermann, komment. Rein Weber

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tomberg, Marika

    1999-01-01

    Feng shui järgi korraldatud Lea Eermanni kodust Nõmmel. Feng shui- ja geobioloogia-alase nõustamisega tegelev arhitekt Rein Weber keskkonna mõjust tervisele, magamistoast. Enda ja maja kaitsmisest halbade mõjude eest. 10 illustratsiooni

  20. Feng shui väärtus on vaimujõus / Marika Tomberg ; komment. Lea Eermann, komment. Rein Weber

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tomberg, Marika

    1999-01-01

    Feng shui järgi korraldatud Lea Eermanni kodust Nõmmel. Feng shui- ja geobioloogia-alase nõustamisega tegelev arhitekt Rein Weber keskkonna mõjust tervisele, magamistoast. Enda ja maja kaitsmisest halbade mõjude eest. 10 illustratsiooni

  1. The Therapeutic Effects of Sheng Jing Zhong Zi Tang in Treating Male Infertility

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨保存; 张彩霞; 杜雷; 薛武军; 邹鹏

    2001-01-01

    Eight-seven cases of male infertility due to spermatopathy were treated with Sheng Jing Zhong Zi Tang (SJZZT生精种子汤) for 1-3 courses. The total effective rate was 95.40% (83/87). 56.32% (49/87) of their spouses got pregnant and the semen quality was markedly improved (P<0.01). The results showed that the decoction could dual-directionally regulate the levels of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), prolan B luteinizing hormone (LH), testosterone (T), and cortisol (C).

  2. Towards capturing innovation effects of a CDSS (NjuRen).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wass, Sofie; Carlsson, Bertil; Vimarlund, Vivian; Korkmaz, Seher; Shemeikka, Tero; Vég, Anikó

    2013-01-01

    The e-service NjuRen is a clinical decision support system used by physicians to calculate patients' renal function and provide support for selection of appropriate drug and dosage for patients with renal failure. Project NjuRen is a collaboration between Stockholm County Council and Jönköping International Business School and aims at evaluating the socio-economic impact of implementing IT-systems in healthcare. The project consist of several steps, first the development and adaptation of a model to measure innovation effects. In the second step the development of a survey to capture factual impacts and effects. Finally, in the third step to translate the effects into socio-economic terms. The result will help decision makers to identify the achieved benefits and outcomes that the implementation of the system has brought with it.

  3. Pricking, Cupping and Qu Feng Tiao Ying Decoction for Treatment of Chronic Urticaria

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘代红

    2002-01-01

    @@ Chronic urticaria is a commonly encountered skin illness characterized by protracted course and recurrent episodes. The author had treated 26 cases of chronic urticaria by pricking, cupping and Qu Feng Tiao Ying (QFTY) decoction (祛风调营汤the Wind-dispelling and Ying system-regulating Decoction) with satisfactory results. A report is as follows.

  4. Antropologi i Middelalderen og Renæssancen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Høiris, Ole

    fremmede, var det især ved hjælp af Biblen, man bestemte og kategoriserede de fremmede folk og dermed definerede sig selv. Antropologi i Middelalderen og Renæssancen analyserer teorierne om forskellige folk i perioden fra kristendommens gennemslag til og med opdagelsen af Amerika. analyserer teorierne om...... kristne grundfortælling og dermed fastholde en antropologi baseret på Biblen....

  5. Adrenomyeloneuropathie, eine seltene Ursache der primären Nebenniereninsuffizienz

    OpenAIRE

    Frank, K; Schrecker, O.; Brosi, K.; Krause, Klaus-Henning; Vecsei, K.-H.; Moser, H W; Ziegler, R.

    1986-01-01

    Eine seltene Ursache der primären Nebennierenrindeninsuffizienz ist die X-chromosomal vererbte Adrenomyeloneuropathie. Neurologisch ist sie durch Zeichen der zentralen und peripheren Demyelinisierung, endokrinologisch durch einen M. Addison und eine zusätzliche primäre Hodeninsuffizienz gekennzeichnet. Bei zwei Patienten mit diesem Krankheitsbild konnte der Stoffwechseldefekt im Abbau langkettiger Fettsäuren durch Bestimmung eines erhöhten Hexakosansäure-Spiegels (C 26) im Blut gesichert werd...

  6. Behandlungsergebnisse der primären und sekundären retroperitonealen Fibrose

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heidenreich A

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available Der retroperitonealen Fibrose (RPF zugrunde liegt eine entzündliche Bindegewebsproliferation ungeklärter Ätiologie mit Bevorzugung des Retroperitoneums. Die Beteiligung des ableitenden Harntraktes manifestiert sich durch uni- oder bilaterale Ureterobstruktion bis hin zur Anurie und Urämie. Aufgrund der ungeklärten Ätiologie wird das therapeutische Vorgehen - konservativ versus operativ - kontrovers diskutiert. Im folgenden berichten wir über unsere Ergebnisse in der Behandlung der RPF. Von 1986 bis 1997 wurde bei 39 Patienten die Diagnose einer RPF gestellt, 21mal lag eine primäre, 18mal eine sekundäre RRF vor. 21 Patienten wiesen eine uni-, 16 Patienten eine bilaterale und 2 Patienten keine Harnstauung auf. Bei 19/21 Patienten erfolgte die primäre Entlastung der Niere mit anschließender Cortison- und/oder Azathioprintherapie über 6 Monate; eine Besserung sahen wir in allen Fällen, eine komplette Remission in 2 Fällen. Bei 19 Patienten war eine operative Intervention notwendig: 17mal Ureterolyse mit Intraperitonealisierung (n = 10 bzw. Omentum maius Ummantelung (n = 7. Bei 1 Patienten war die bilaterale Boari-Plastik, bei 1 Patienten ein bilaterales Ileum-Ureterinterponat notwendig. Bei 16/18 Patienten mit sekundärer RPF erfolgte die primäre Entlastung der Niere gefolgt von Ureterolyse und Omentum maius Ummantelung (n = 11, Harnleiter-Ileuminterponat (n = 3, Nephrektomie (n = 1 und endoluminale Ballondilatation (n = 3. Das Follow-up variiert zwischen 6 und 120 Monaten: 3 Patienten mit primärer RPF und 1 Patient mit sekundärer RPF entwickelten ein Rezidiv. Aufgrund der Therapieergebnisse unserer Serie halten wir die kombinierte operative/immunsupprimierende Behandlung bei der primären RPF für erfolgversprechend; dabei geben wir der präoperativen Cortisontherapie mit nachfolgender Ureterolyse und Omentum maius Ummantelung den Vorzug. Bei sekundärer RPF bietet sich die primäre operative Versorgung mittels Ureterolyse und

  7. EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF DESULFURIZATION OF ZHONG LIANG SHAN HIGH SULFUR COAL BY FLOTATION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜志伟; 黄波; 曹炅

    1994-01-01

    Emission of large amount of SO2 from combustion of high sulfur coal causes serious envjsonmental pollution. Pre-combustion desulfurization of bigh sulfur coal has become a necessity. This paper reports test results of fine coal desuifurtzation with different flotation technology and the effect of pyrite depressant. Test work showed that when the coal sample from Zhong Liang Shah was processed with a Free Jet Flotation Column its pyritic sultur content was reduced from 3.08% to 0. 84%, with 72.22% recovery ofcombustible matter in clean coal. The concept of Desulfurlzatlon Efficiency Index Eofor comprehensive evaluation of dcsuifurlzation process is proposed, which is defined as the product of the ratio of sulfur content reduction of clean coal and the recovery of combustible matters.

  8. The Freudian subject and the Maoist mind: the diaries of Hermine Hug-Hellmuth and Lei Feng.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larson, Wendy

    2011-01-01

    Although written in vastly different cultural contexts and periods, Hermine Hug-Hellmuth's "Diary of a Young Girl" (1919) and Lei Feng's "The Diary of Lei Feng" (1963) both to a large extent were written as concept pieces, with the goal of illustrating specific theories of the self. In the case of Hug-Hellmuth, the underlying theory is the Freudian sexualized unconscious mind, whereas for Lei Feng, it is Maoist revolutionary optimism. Additionally, both diaries have unusually strong inauthentic or 'fake' aspects. Although Hug-Hellmuth never admitted to writing the diary, most critics believed it came from her pen. Lei Feng's diary was revised through his own attempts to present himself as politically progressive, by editors, and through successive political movements that focused on the person behind the diary and made him one of the most widely-recognized figures in China. As such, the diaries are excellent windows into powerful and long-lasting ideological constructs.

  9. China has a natural environment, too! Consumerist and ideological eco-imaginaries in the cinema of Feng Xiaogang

    OpenAIRE

    Neri, Corrado

    2013-01-01

    International audience; Feng Xiaogang, the 'Chinese Spielberg', produces huge blockbusters and hilarious comedies directed at a broad audience. Although his work does not strictly deal with environmental issues, it provides us with a privileged perspective through which to analyse the discourses around the theme of nature. Feng Xiaogang's works are not explicitly environmental, they do address the contradictions and differing anxieties linked to China's economic and environmental development....

  10. El problema del continuo en René Thom

    OpenAIRE

    Pérez Herranz, Fernando Miguel

    2009-01-01

    René Thom ha propuesto el concepto topológico de continuo como respuesta al concepto lógico de infinito. En este trabajo se mostrará que, frente a la definición combinatoria de conjunto infinito propuesta por Cantor, la definición porfiriana de continuo propuesta por Thom salva las paradojas de la teoría de conjuntos y comporta consecuencias ontológicas decisivas en el ámbito del mundo morfológico poniendo límites, por ejemplo, a la evolución ilimitadamente innovadora de Prigogine, etc. Re...

  11. El problema del continuo en René Thom

    OpenAIRE

    Pérez Herranz, Fernando Miguel

    2010-01-01

    René Thom ha propuesto el concepto topológico de continuo como respuesta al concepto lógico de infinito. En este trabajo se mostrará que, frente a la definición combinatoria de conjunto infinito propuesta por Cantor, la definición porfiriana de continuo propuesta por Thom salva las paradojas de la teoría de conjuntos y comporta consecuencias ontológicas decisivas en el ámbito del mundo morfológico poniendo límites, por ejemplo, a la evolución ilimitadamente innovadora de Prigogine, etc. Re...

  12. Anoressia e mimesi secondo René Girard

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosa Sidella

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Anorexia and Mimesis in René Girard’s Thought - One of the basic premises of Girard’s thought is the theory of mimetic desire, for which, in all human relationships, the Other as a model is perceived as a rival. Mimesis is also found in narcissism, in love relationships and eating disorders, such as anorexia and bulimia, which cannot and should not be classified only in psychoanalytic terms. In fact, we should in such cases consider cultural and social contexts, which also impose prescriptions about the care and appearance of the body.

  13. Treatment of urticaria from Feng Xie%从风邪论治荨麻疹

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟卫红; 莫惠芳; 储开宇

    2011-01-01

    Feng Xie closely related with the incidence of urticaria,from exogenous and endogenous aspects of urticaria and two of "Feng Xie," produced by different ways and their clinical features, propose appropriate treatment method for an accurate clinical identify causes and provide a reference syndrome.%荨麻疹的发病同风邪有密切关系,从外感、内生两个方面探讨荨麻疹之“风邪”产生的不同途径及各自的临床特点,提出相应的治法,为临床能够准确识别病因和辨证提供参考.

  14. 阳虚生风论%Theory of Feng-Syndrome Caused by Yang Deficiency

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘远根

    2016-01-01

    The treatment of Feng-syndrome in TCM frequently focused on the wind syndromes caused by the strong hot, the hyperactivity of Yang, the Yin deficiency and the blood deficiency, but the Feng syndrome rarely deals with Yang deficiency. In this paper, we puts forward the Feng syndromes also caused by Yang deficiency and briefly discusses on it in the theory, the type of diseases and the syndrome differentiation, and then, to break down the syndrome differentiating keys with some clinical cases.%中医论风证的辨证治疗,向来仅注重火热、阳亢、阴虚、血虚等引起的风证,绝少论及阳虚动风。本文从阳虚生风的理论、病证类型、辨证要点等方面简要论述了阳虚阴盛同样引起动风证,并例举临床病例以详解辨证关键。

  15. Hu Qiaomu and Hu Feng Event%胡乔木与胡风案

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张成洁

    2015-01-01

    It had a gradual upgrade process on a critique of Hu Feng's literary thoughts and a political settlement to Hu Feng.As the senior vice minister of the Propaganda Department of the Central Committee of the CPC,Hu Qiaomu played an important role on it.In October 1945,Hu Qiaomu still stayed in Chungking after Chungking Negotiations and counter-acted the effects of Hu Feng's literary thoughts by criticizing"subjectiveness".Public criticism to Hufeng launched by"popular literature series" was supported by Hu Qiaomuin in Hongkong in 1948.The first two years of the founding of new China,Hu Qiaomu talked with Hufeng for many times to solve his ideological problems.Hu Qiaomu also organized criticism of Hu Feng's literary thoughts throught the opportunity of Shuwu self-criticism;Hu Qiaomu first mentioned publicly"a small cabal of literary headed by Hufeng"In his giving editorial notes of Shuwu's article.Hu Feng's private let-ters to Shuwu were disclosed which directly led to Hu Feng event upgrading to"anti-party and anti-revolution"problems in the process of the great criticism of Hu Feng.After 1954,this matter had an indirect relationship with Hu Qiaomu's suggest of writing Hu Feng sectarianism.However,Hu Qiaomu disapproved to determine Hu Feng and the people impli-cating with Hu Feng as"Hufeng Anti-Party Clique".He gave a claim in this connection before Mao Zedong.In the past, people very paid attention to Zhouyang who had deep historical grievances with Hu Feng and ignored the role of Hu Qiao-mu in Hu Feng event.%对胡风文艺思想的批判和对胡风的政治清算有一个渐次升级的过程。其中,在对胡风文艺思想的批判中,胡乔木起了重要作用。1945年10月,胡乔木随毛泽东去重庆谈判后逗留重庆,借批《论主观》来清除胡风文艺思想的影响;1948年香港的《大众文艺丛刊》对胡风发起的公开批评,也得到了胡乔木的支持;新中国成立头两年,胡乔木多次奉命找胡风谈话

  16. Monograph of Keçiören Municipality

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Savaş Zafer Şahin

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available In Turkey, urban administration can be defined from a judicial perspective as the bundle of powers vested in municipalities. It is known that throughout republican history, municipalities, using these powers, have differentiated themselves via their own internal dynamics in parallel to the evolution of public policy and changes in legislation. Yet, it is obvious that there are important gaps in understanding this differentiation taking into consideration the structural conditions of individual municipalities. In particular, in order to thoroughly understand municipalities, it is important to consider periodical pictures of how each municipality has been affected by waves of decentralization and centralization experienced over the last thirty years. In this respect, this monograph, using the same monographic approach developed for the Çankaya Municipality, provides a picture of the existing situation of Ankara’s Keçiören Municipality and presents related problems and potential. This monograph, based on qualitative and quantitative research, presents a holistic evaluation of Keçiören Municipality in terms of its external environment, provision of services, decision-making processes, use of technology and communications.

  17. Association between Social Integration and Health among Internal Migrants in ZhongShan, China.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yanwei Lin

    Full Text Available Internal migrants are the individuals who migrate between regions in one country. The number of internal migrants were estimated at 245 million in China in 2013. Results were inconsistent in the literature about the relationship between their health statuses and social integration. The main difference exists on how to measure the social integration and whether health statuses of internal migrants improve with years of residence. To complement the existing literature, this study measured social integration more comprehensively and estimated the internal migrants' health statuses with varying years of residence, and explored the associations between the migrants' social integration and health. We used the data from 2014 Internal Migrant Dynamic Monitoring Survey of Health and Family Planning in ZhongShan, China. Health status was measured from four aspects: self-reported health, subjective well-being, perception of stress, mental health. We measured social integration through four dimensions: economy, social communication, acculturation, and self-identity. The analyses used multiple linear regressions to examine the associations between self-reported health, subjective well-being, and perception of stress, mental health and social integration. The analytical sample included 1,999 households of the internal migrants and 1,997 local registered households, who were permanent residents in ZhongShan. Among the internal migrants, Adults in the labor force, who were aged 25 to 44 years old, accounted for 91.2% of the internal migrant population, while 74.6% of the registered population were in that age group. Median residential time among migrants was 2.8 (1.3-6.2 years, and 20.2% of them were migrating in the same Guangdong province. Except for mental health, other health statuses among migrants had significant differences compared with local registered population, e.g. self-reported health was better, but subjective well-being was worse. However, these

  18. 五年梦寻丰子恺--«丰子恺全集»责编手记%Searching For Feng Zikai for Five Years---Editor’s Notes for “Complete works of Feng Zikai”

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    眉睫

    2015-01-01

    近几年来,社会各界兴起了一股“丰子恺热”。海豚出版社社长俞晓群成为这股热潮的最初发动者。五年来,海豚出版社出版了丰子恺著作达一百多种,将丰子恺生前几乎所有的单行本集子予以再版。同时,海豚出版社还与杭州师范大学弘一大师丰子恺研究中心合作整理«丰子恺全集»,并将于2015年出版问世。%In recent years,the society witnessed an increasing interest in the study of Feng Zikai,in which President Yu zoqun of Dolphin became the original instigators of the craze.For five years,Dolphin Press pub-lished over one hundred kinds of books of Feng Zikai,and almost all of Feng Zikai lifetime collection booklets have been reprinted.Meanwhile,Dolphin Press have been compiling " Complete Works of Feng Zikai " in col-laboration with Normal Master Hongyi Feng Zikai Research Center,Hangzhou Normal University,which would be published in 201 5.

  19. Semiologia e pintura segundo René Passeron

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wilcon Pereira

    1981-01-01

    Full Text Available Trata-se de uma síntese das principais idéias de René Passeron a propósito da fundamentação de uma análise lingüístico-semiótica das obras pictóricas. Em que medida um quadro pode ser considerado um texto? Quais seriam os elementos básicos de uma pintura? Podemos falar em articulações de unidades no campo visual definido por uma obra dessa natureza? E quais os repertórios e as regras combinatórias? O artigo propõe a discussão destes problemas a partir das rigorosas e oportunas colocações do importante teórico, crítico e historiador da arte, infelizmente quase desconhecido entre nós.

  20. Thought Experiment Analyses of René Descartes' Cogito

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. P. Hertogh

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT: René Descartes' Cogito is an example of a paradigmatic thought experiment, herald of both subjectivism and new science in Europe's Modern Age, that seems to have escaped the attention of thought experiment philosophers. On deep analysis, the Cogito appears as universal instantiation (or modus ponens with implicit major 'whatever has the property of thinking, exists'. The Cogito has strong rhetorical effects for it narratively generalizes from I to all human kind, and its historical and philosophical success can be explained from its concise enthymematic structure that rings true in many possible senses. We consider it a preeminent example of a thought experiment as it states the power of thinking as its very contents. From Descartes' methodology of doubt we can conclude that, e.g., on a Wittgensteinian interpretation, the Cogito is a logical thought experiment rather than a psychological one.

  1. Historical Perspectives on Erklären and Verstehen: Introduction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feest, Uljana

    The conceptual dichotomy of Erklären and Verstehen (explaining vs. understanding) has a revealing dual status. On the one hand, it has something of an antiquated air to it, as we loosely associate its origins with the work of Wilhelm Dilthey and other nineteenth-century German philosophers who are not widely read any more, at least not within contemporary Anglo-American history and philosophy of the human sciences. At the same time, however, remnants of the dichotomy still come up in various guises and in various areas of contemporary philosophy and philosophy of science. One example is the long-standing debate over the logical status of action explanations ("reasons vs. causes") in philosophy of mind (Davidson 1980), and associated issues of "teleological explanations" and the explanatory status of laws of nature in the philosophy of the human sciences (Dray 1957; Hempel 1965; von Wright 1971). Another is the question of whether the subject matter of the social sciences requires a special type of interpretative, hermeneutic, or perhaps even empathetic, "access" (Collingwood 1946; Winch 1964; Taylor [1971] 1985). More recently, there has been renewed interest in the question of how to explicate our capacity to interpret another person's actions (see the recent suggestion that the "theory-theory" vs. "simulation theory" distinction is similar to some aspects of the Erklären/Verstehen distinction) (Kögler and Stueber 2000). And within mainstream analytical philosophy of the social sciences, one of the central topics has long been the question of whether social facts/events can be reduced to the explanations of the actions of individuals (e.g., Kincaid 1997), raising questions about the units at which explanatory and/or interpretive efforts ought to be directed. ("individualism" vs. "holism"). This question can be traced back to early twentieth-century debates in economics and other emerging social sciences (Udehn 2001).

  2. Feng Shui in cold water production. Energy-efficient cold water unit for domestic comfort, trade and industry; Feng Shui in der Bereitstellung von Kaltwasser. Energieeffizienter Kaltwassersatz fuer Komfort, Gewerbe und Indsutrie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Roeben, J. [Menerga Apparatebau GmbH, Muelheim (Germany)

    2003-10-01

    Feng Shui means 'wind and water'. According to Chinese philosophy, all processes in nature are influenced by five different elements. This principle has always been applied in air conditioning engineering, e.g. in the development of a novel, ecological cold water production process presented by Menerga. (orig.) [German] Feng steht fuer Wind, Shui fuer Wasser. Das Zusammenspiel aller Prozesse in der Natur wird nach der chinesischen Philosophie von weiteren Grundelementen beeinflusst. In der Klimatechnik hat man sich dieses Prinzip immer wieder zunutze gemacht. So auch bei der Entwicklung eines neuen oekologischen Verfahrens zur Kaltwasserbereitstellung der Firma Menerga. (orig.)

  3. Comment on 'Investigations into the impact of astronomical phenomena on the terrestrial biosphere and climate' (arXiv:1505.07856 [astro-ph.EP]) by Fabo Feng

    CERN Document Server

    Melott, Adrian L

    2015-01-01

    This work by Feng and papers which published its conclusions do not cite nor do they deal with objections by the author published in 2013-2014. There are many fundamental problems. We will summarize here the principal problems, as published by Melott and Bambach which render irrelevant most of the work presented by Feng.

  4. Reduction in nerve root compression by the nucleus pulposus after Feng's Spinal Manipulation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yu Feng; Yan Gao; Wendong Yang; Tianyou Feng

    2013-01-01

    Ninety-four patients with lumbar intervertebral disc herniation were enrolled in this study. Of these, 48 were treated with Feng's Spinal Manipulation, hot fomentation, and bed rest (treatment group). The remaining 46 patients were treated with hot fomentation and bed rest only (control group). After 3 weeks of treatment, clinical parameters including the angle of straight-leg raising, visual analogue scale pain score, and Japanese Orthopaedic Association score for low back pain were improved. The treatment group had significantly better improvement in scores than the control group. Magnetic resonance myelography three-dimensional reconstruction imaging of the vertebral canal demonstrated that filling of the compressed nerve root sleeve with cerebrospinal fluid increased significantly in the treatment group. The diameter of the nerve root sleeve was significantly larger in the treatment group than in the control group. However, the sagittal diameter index of the herniated nucleus pulposus and the angle between the nerve root sleeve and the thecal sac did not change significantly in either the treatment or control groups. The effectiveness of Feng's Spinal Manipulation for the treatment of symptoms associated with lumbar intervertebral disc herniation may be attributable to the relief of nerve root compression, without affecting the herniated nucleus pulposus or changing the morphology or position of the nerve root.

  5. Pekon palvonta René Girardin uskontoteorian valossa / Tuukka Sandström

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sandström, Tuukka

    2005-01-01

    Prantsuse filosoofi René Girardi ideedest primitiivse religiooni kohta. Setumaal veel 20. sajandi alguses levinud viljakusjumal Peko kultusest ja iga-aastasest uue Peko papi valimise rituaalist R. Girardi tõlgenduse valguses

  6. The excitation functions of 187Re(n,2n)186m,gRe Reactions

    OpenAIRE

    Huang, Xiao-Long; Kang, Meng-Xiao; Liu, Li-Le; Wang, Ji-Min; Jiang, Li-Yang; Chen, Xiong-Jun

    2015-01-01

    A new value for the emission probability of 137.144keV g-ray of 186gRe decay are re-recommended to be 9.47+-0.03 (%). From this new g-ray emission probability, the measured cross sections for 187Re(n,2n)186mRe and 187Re(n,2n)186gRe reactions around 14MeV are evaluated, and the total cross section for 187Re(n,2n)186m+gRe reaction at 14.8MeV is recommended to be 2213+-116 mb. The UNF code are adopted to calculate the total cross sections for 187Re(n,2n)186m+gRe reaction below 20 MeV fitting to ...

  7. On Translation of Ren in The Analects in Terms of Cultural Translation Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Qin

    2013-01-01

    In 1980’s, the famous translator and scholar Bassnett proposes a new translation theory, namely cultural translation the-ory, in which Bassnett insists that culture should be taken as the basic unit of translation, which attracts the attentions all over the world. In the thesis, the translation of Ren, one of the main ideas of Confucianism, will be discussed from the perspective of Bassnett’s cultural translation theory. Ren, the essence of The Analects, also the symbol of Chinese traditional culture, is endowed with profound connotation and important status. There are more and more translations of Ren in contemporary era. After com-paring different kinds of translation and cultural translation theory, the most proper way of doing it may be transliterating it to Ren.

  8. [An exceptional human relationship (Michael P. Kierkegaard, Søren Kierkegaard)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jacobs, R

    1978-01-01

    There were a father and a son, Michael and Sören Kierkegaard, both highly talented, imaginitive, witty, humorous, especially interested in shrewd dialectrical dialogues respectively debates, both profound melancholy ponderers. But according to very own individuality their congeniality wasn't absolute. The father, being under a questionable rigorous opinion of sin, suffered from undeserved divine grace since early childhood. And Michael Kierkegaard made Sören anxious with the religious experience of original sin. This anxiety moved (touched or affected) the sensitive son mighty. Nevertheless he should not despair hopelessly like his unlucky father. On the contrary: Sørens incomparable melancholy, mental agony and anxiety (fear or anguish) forced the faith, existing independently of them, in a radical refining. That is why Sören Kierkegaard succeeded in sublimation of all psychological and philosophic (al) attitudes (or opinions) in the sphere of religiousness. And the result? A novel philosophy of life: Christian existentialism.

  9. Pekon palvonta René Girardin uskontoteorian valossa / Tuukka Sandström

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sandström, Tuukka

    2005-01-01

    Prantsuse filosoofi René Girardi ideedest primitiivse religiooni kohta. Setumaal veel 20. sajandi alguses levinud viljakusjumal Peko kultusest ja iga-aastasest uue Peko papi valimise rituaalist R. Girardi tõlgenduse valguses

  10. An Overview on the Parallel Prose of Wang Zhong%汪中骈文研究综述

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王慰丹

    2012-01-01

    Since the Qian Long period of the Qing Dynasty to the contemporary, critics sing highly of the parallel prose (Plan Wen) of Wang Zhong, pointing out that he reached the highest level of the Qing Dynasty and his works was influenced by the Six Dynasties Prose. These criticisms are too simple to ex- pound the relation between the parallel prose of Wang Zhong and the Six Dynasties Prose. It is necessary to do a systematic research on the parallel prose of Wang Zhong, describing its study and surmounting of the Six Dynasties Prose, illustrating its effect on the debate between the Prose and the parallel prose in the Qing Dynasty.%自清代乾隆时期至当代,学界对汪中骈文研究,从内容上说,一是高度赞扬汪中的文学成就,肯定汪中是清代骈文创作的最高峰;二是指明汪中的骈文创作根源于六朝。从形式上说,各家评论以评点式为主,寥寥数语,没有翔实具体地说明汪中与六朝骈文之间的渊源。由此观之,对汪中骈文的研究尚有较大学术空闻,应当系统研究汪中骈文,深入分析其对六朝骈文之师承与超越,进一步探讨汪中的骈文主张及创作对清代骈散之争的影响。

  11. The avant-garde is not dead / René Block ; intervjueerinud Eero Epner

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Block, René, 1942-

    2010-01-01

    Intervjuu saksa galeristi ja kuraatori René Blockiga, kes 1964. a. avas Berliinis galerii, kus eksponeeris J. Beuysi, S. Polke, G. Richteri jt. töid. Töötamisest kuraatorina alates 1970. aastatest, biennaalide tulevikust, avangardist. René Blocki galeriis 1966. a. toimunud Joseph Beuys'i performance'ist "Kuidas seletada kunsti surnud jänesele", millest inspireerituna teater NO99 lõi samanimelise lavastuse

  12. The avant-garde is not dead / René Block ; intervjueerinud Eero Epner

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Block, René, 1942-

    2010-01-01

    Intervjuu saksa galeristi ja kuraatori René Blockiga, kes 1964. a. avas Berliinis galerii, kus eksponeeris J. Beuysi, S. Polke, G. Richteri jt. töid. Töötamisest kuraatorina alates 1970. aastatest, biennaalide tulevikust, avangardist. René Blocki galeriis 1966. a. toimunud Joseph Beuys'i performance'ist "Kuidas seletada kunsti surnud jänesele", millest inspireerituna teater NO99 lõi samanimelise lavastuse

  13. Huang Qi Jian Zhong Pellet Attenuates TNBS-Induced Colitis in Rats via Mechanisms Involving Improvement of Energy Metabolism

    OpenAIRE

    Duan-Yong Liu; Chun-Shui Pan; Yu-Ying Liu; Xiao-Hong Wei; Chang-Man Zhou; Kai Sun; Ke He; Chong Li; Li Yan; Jing-Yu Fan; Chuan-She Wang; Toshifumi Hibi; Hong-Ning Liu; Jing-Yan Han

    2013-01-01

    Huang Qi Jian Zhong Pellet (HQJZ) is a famous Chinese medicine formula for treatment of various gastrointestinal tract diseases. This study investigated the role of HQJZ in 2,4,6-trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid- (TNBS-) induced colitis and its underlying mechanism. Colonic mucosal injury was induced by TNBS in the Sprague-Dawley rats. In the HQJZ treatment group, HQJZ was administered (2 g/kg) for 14 days starting from day 1 after TNBS infusion. Colonic mucosal injury occurred obviously 1 day a...

  14. 岳钟琪籍贯考%An Investigation of Yue Zhong-qi’ s Native Place

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈媛

    2014-01-01

    岳钟琪为清代著名将领,在大清对西北、西南边疆事务的处理中发挥了重要作用。虽然成就斐然,但是他的一生却起起伏伏。康熙五十年,岳钟琪之父岳昇龙改籍四川。据此,以《清史列传》为代表的诸多史籍都认为岳钟琪的籍贯为四川成都。但是,无论是在历史记载上还是目前学界的研究上来看,对于岳钟琪本籍(即在改籍之前)的说法并没有一致观点。笔者在对籍贯的概念进行界定的前提下,通过对《永登县志》、《凉州府志备考》等文献记载的对比研究,可以证实岳钟琪本籍是甘肃庄浪卫人。%Yue Zhong-qi is a famous general in Qing Dynasty .He played an important role in the frontier affairs in Qing’ s northwest and southwest .Despite his remarkable achievements ,his life was ups and downs .In Kangxi 50 years,Yue Zhong-qi’ s father—Yue Sheng-long changed his family register from Gansu to Sichuan .Accordingly, many historical records , represented by Biographies of Qing ’ s History , hold the idea that Yue Zhong-qi ’ s native place is Chengdu of Sichuan Province .However , both historic and the current academic researches don ’ t have a consensus view on his original native place before his father changed it .On the premise of definiting the concept of the origin native place ,through the comparative study on the “Yongdeng County Records”,“Liangzhou Province re-cords” and other historical documents ,this article confirms that Yue Zhong-qi’ s original native place is Zhuanglang in Gansu province before his family register changed .

  15. Refleksion - Worms kabinet og renæssancen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Teglhus, Hanne

    2006-01-01

    Udstilling om Ole Worms liv og videnskab. Ole Worm var læge og videnskabsmand i renæssancen. Ud over at være medicinsk professor ved Københavns Universitet interesserede han sig indgående for Danmarks fortidsminder og runeskrift. Ole Worm skabte sit eget museum, det såkaldte  Museum Wormianum, som...... alt indhold. Ikke med originale genstande, men med dyr, sten, metal og artefakter, der kom så tæt på det originale som muligt.  Denne installation samt portrætgalleriet af Ole Worms forfædre og efterkommere udgør udstillingens hovedelementer. Dertil kommer eksempler på de naturobjekter, der indgik i hans...... medicinske behandlinger og et udvalg af Ole Worms originale videnskabelige publikationer. Til udstillingen er opbygget et moderne "skab dit eget museum" til brug for de besøgendes egne medbragte genstande, som de opfordres til at forsøge at systematisere og udstille efter behag....

  16. ren Buus' contribution to speech intelligibility prediction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Müsch, Hannes; Florentine, Mary

    2005-04-01

    In addition to his work in psychoacoustics, Søren Buus also contributed to the field of speech intelligibility prediction by developing a model that predicts the results of speech recognition tests [H. Müsch and S. Buus, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 109, 2896-2909 (2001)]. The model was successful in test conditions that are outside the scope of the Articulation Index. It builds on Green and Birdsall's concept of describing a speech recognition task as selecting one of several response alternatives [in D. Green and J. Swets, Signal Detection Theory (1966), pp. 609-619], and on Durlach et al.'s model for discriminating broadband sounds [J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 80, 63-72 (1986)]. Experimental evidence suggests that listeners can extract redundant, independent, or synergistic information from spectrally distinct speech bands. One of the main accomplishments of the model is to reflect this ability. The model also provides for a measure of linguistic entropy to enter the intelligibility prediction. Recent model development has focused on investigating whether this measure, the cognitive noise, can account for the effects of semantic and syntactic context. This presentation will review the model and present new model predictions. [Work supported by NIH grant R01DC00187.

  17. A Corpus-Based Study of Chinese Classical Poem-Taking Feng Qiao Ye Bo as an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李晨曦

    2014-01-01

    In recent years,the translation of Chinese classical poem has aroused more and more attention. From the perspective of statistics, this paper will discuss the meaning of the word which the translators used. Based on the corpus linguistics, this paper will further compare and explore the translation styles of the poem Feng Qiao Ye Bo by analyzing three translators’versions.

  18. Comparing the do's & taboos in Chinese Feng-Shui and Indian Vāstu-Shāstra architectural traditions

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Huang, En-Yu

    2012-01-01

    Chinese Feng-Shui and Indian Vāstu-Shāstra are two of the world’s best-known and longest-enduring systems of geomancy which have, for centuries, informed architectural practice of their respective cultural spheres. Albeit developed in different geo-cultural contexts and reinforced by their distinct

  19. Michel Foucault y René Magritte: algunas afinidades electivas Michel Foucault and René Magritte: certain elective affinities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Gihovani Toscano López

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Este escrito, resalta no las diferencias sino las relaciones entre Magritte y Foucault. Se trata de atender a la posibilidad no sólo de suscitar un diálogo entre ambos personajes, sino de superar la lógica del sentido. Para esto, primero estudiaremos los conceptos de paradoja y rareza como rasgos característicos de ambos. Segundo, abordaremos la filosofía y el arte como cajas de herramientas para la reflexión. Tercero, analizaremos la afinidad entre palabra e imagen como un elemento importante en juego. Finalmente, efectuaremos una tematización de sus obras.This essay is not about the differences between Michel Foucault and René Magritte. It is about their relationships. We must attend to the possibility not only of stimulating a dialogue between both characters but also, and above all, of overcoming sense logic. In order to do this, first we study the concepts of paradox and rarity as characteristic features of both of them. Second, we must think of philosophy and art as toolkits for the reflection. Third, we will analyze the affinity between word and image as an important element at play here. Finally, we will perform a thematization of their works.

  20. 宋玉《讽赋》之讽%Critics on Feng Fu by Songyu

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘刚

    2012-01-01

    Feng Fu written by Songyu is a piece of critics on the statement of "Chu Xiangwang is lecherous". It generalizes the rules of female' s showing of love and basic principles of male' s self-control, which provides references for monarchs to identify woman' s charm. The nature of it is to prevent obscene.%宋玉的《讽赋》是针对“楚襄王好女色”的专题讽谏文章,全文借自我辩白,概括了女性示爱的典型规律和男性自律的基本规范,为君王认知女色和应对女色提供了经验性借鉴,其讽谏的实质是止欲与戒淫。

  1. Gauge theory one-loop amplitudes and the Britto-Cachazo-Feng-Witten recursion relations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kharel, Savan; Siopsis, George

    2012-07-01

    We calculate gauge theory one-loop amplitudes with the aid of the complex shift used in the Britto-Cachazo-Feng-Witten (BCFW) recursion relations of tree amplitudes. We apply the shift to the integrand and show that the contribution from the limit of infinite shift vanishes after integrating over the loop momentum, with a judicious choice of basis for polarization vectors. This enables us to write the one-loop amplitude in terms of on shell tree and lower-point one-loop amplitudes. Some of the tree amplitudes are forward amplitudes. We show that their potential singularities do not contribute and the BCFW recursion relations can be applied in such a way as to avoid these singularities altogether. We calculate in detail n-point one-loop amplitudes for n=2, 3, 4, and outline the generalization of our method to n>4.

  2. L’EVOLUTION HYDRODYNAMIQUE DES AFTERGLOWS POUR LE MODELE DE FENG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E ZOUAOUI

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Nous avons modélisé l'évolution du choc externe produit par la décélération d'un jet relativiste, éjecté par un progéniteur d'un sursaut gamma, par un milieu interstellaire (MIS. Nous avons adopté le modèle de Feng et al. (2002, étant donné qu'il est le modèle le plus réaliste dans la description de l'énergie interne produite par le choc et celle restituée dans la boule de feu, dans un autre côté son accord avec les solutions de Sedov avec ses conditions.

  3. 冯梦龙的小说理论%Feng Menglong' s Novel Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    傅承洲

    2012-01-01

    Feng Menglong composed three prefaces for his own novels San Yah. Though each preface focused on one question, they connected closely with and complemented each other, forming Feng's own novel theoretical system. The Prefaces of Ancient and Contemporary Novels first proposed the Popular Romance was originated in the art of speaking, compared to the Tang Dynasty folktales, the Popular Romance language to content are easy for or- dinary people to understand, and to accept and appreciate, playing a greater role in the society. The Preface of Jingshitongyaa explores the relationship between real life and artistic fiction, Feng used the fictional method that the figure does not have to experience such events, and such events do not have to happen to the figure. " Fiction should be composed to the rule that when event is real, the reason should not be pseudo; while the event is pseudo, the reason should also be. true. The story of the novel may be fictional, but historical novel should be based on strict historical facts. The "Preface of Xingshihengyan put forward the "theory of awakening the world," Feng Menglong bitterly felt the turbid and chaos of the late Ming Dynasty, he wanted to use the Popular Romance to alert the world to turn things around. To achieve the purpose of awakening the world, the popular fiction should be created with a good content, but also have to follow the laws of the novel.%冯梦龙为“三言”所作的三篇序,每篇重点论述一个问题,各篇又相互勾连补充,形成了自己的小说理论体系。《古今小说叙》首次提出通俗演义起源于说话艺术,与唐人传奇相比,通俗演义从语言到内容都通俗易懂,可以为普通百姓所接受和欣赏,发挥更大的社会作用。《警世通言叙》探讨了小说创作中生活真实与艺术虚构的关系问题,提出了“入不必有其事,事不必丽其人”的虚构方法,虚构要做到“事真而理不赝,即事赝而理亦

  4. Degradation and osteogenic potential of a novel poly(lactic acid)/nano-sized β-tricalcium phosphate scaffold

    OpenAIRE

    Cao L.; Duan PG; Wang HR; Li XL; Yuan FL; Fan ZY; Li SM; Dong J

    2012-01-01

    Lu Cao,1,2 Ping-Guo Duan,1,2 Hui-Ren Wang,1,2 Xi-Lei Li,1,2 Feng-Lai Yuan,3 Zhong-Yong Fan,4 Su-Ming Li,5 Jian Dong1,21Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, China; 2State Key Laboratory of Molecular Engineering of Polymers, Fudan University, Shanghai, China; 3Affiliated Third Hospital of Nantong University, Wuxi, Jiangsu, China; 4Department of Materials Science, Fudan University, Shanghai, China; 5Max Mousseron Institute on Biomolecules, Montpellier...

  5. 《医学衷中参西录》版本述略%A brief introduction to the versions of Yi xue zhong zhong can xi lu(Discourses of Combining Chinese and Western Medicines)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李渡华; 于丽; 张盛君

    2008-01-01

    从1918年至1934年分7期陆续刊行,这10余年间删增印行过程中张氏多作修改,各期内容变化较大,是为"原始早期本";1935年至1943年又数次再版印行,虽仍未加标点,但内容变化不大,故称之为"原始后期本".1957年至1984年前又多次刊行校点本.1984年至2003年的多种刊本,主要是对第一至八期的重新校勘.另有其他版本对进行补正、选评、节选、重编、研究、解读,有的还增加了临床新用.%The whole Yi xue zhong zhong can xi lu was published in 7 issues during 1918~1934.During this period,modifications were made by the author himself and this is the original version.In 1935 ~1943,several revisions were further made by him without punctuations without much changes in its contents and is called the"late original version".In 1959-1984,checking and punctuations were made several times and published.In 1984~2003,the original 1-8 issues were newly revised.There are also supplemented,selected commentaries,abridged,recompiled and paraphrased versions,with clinical experiences added.

  6. Synthesis of ReN3 Thin Films by Magnetron Sputtering

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. Soto

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available In this work ReNx films were prepared by reactive magnetron sputtering at room temperature and deposited on a silicon wafer. It was found that the diffractograms of the nitrogen-rich rhenium film are consistent with those produced by high-pressure high-temperature methods, under the assumption that the film is oriented on the substrate. Using density functional calculations it was found that the composition of this compound could be ReN3, instead of ReN2, as stated on previous works. The ReN3 compound fits in the Ama2 (40 orthorhombic space group, and due to the existence of N3 anions between Re layers it should be categorized as an azide. The material is exceptionally brittle and inherently unstable under indentation testing.

  7. René Girard. Kortfattet, systematisk indføring i René Girards tænkning: begærslære, antropologi og kristendomsudlægning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Hans Jørgen Lundager

    Kortfattet, systematisk indføring i René Girards tækning: begærslære, antropologi og kristendomsudlægning......Kortfattet, systematisk indføring i René Girards tækning: begærslære, antropologi og kristendomsudlægning...

  8. A neutron spectrometer concept implementing RENS for studies in life sciences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Magazù, S; Mamontov, E

    2017-01-01

    Resolution Elastic Neutron Scattering (RENS) method involves performing elastic scattering intensity scans as a function of the instrumental energy resolution and as a function of temperature. In the framework of RENS, numerical simulation and experimental data show that in the measured elastic scattering law against the logarithm of the instrumental energy resolution an inflection point occurs when the resolution time intersects the system relaxation time; conversely, in the measured elastic scattering law against temperature an inflection point turns up when the system relaxation time intersects the resolution time. For practical implementation of the RENS technique, a dedicated neutron spectrometer would be needed. Here we propose a concept of such a spectrometer that utilizes mechanical velocity selection of both incident and scattered neutrons over a wide angular range. The instrument is able to collect intensity scans vs energy resolution where the instrumental resolution time changes crisscrossing the system relaxation time, and intensity scans vs temperature where the system relaxation time changes intersecting the instrumental resolution time. We propose a RENS spectrometer concept based on velocity selection of incident neutrons and wide-angle velocity selection of scattered neutrons achieved by the same rotating collimator-type mechanical device with the optimized shape of blades. RENS spectrometer is strongly appealing and innovative because of the simultaneous data collection as a function of energy resolution, wide wavevector range and temperature. Such a spectrometer would be the first practical implementation of RENS concept with a broad range of applications in Life Sciences. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled "Science for Life" Guest Editor: Dr. Austen Angell, Dr. Salvatore Magazù and Dr. Federica Migliardo. Copyright © 2016. Published by Elsevier B.V.

  9. 冯玉祥集团与晋绥地区%Feng Yuxiang Group and Jin-Sui Region

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贾熟村

    2012-01-01

    Feng Yuxiang advocated Sun Yat-sen's revolutionary policy of unitig Rusia,uniting the communist party and supporting farmers and workers, while Yah Xishan was basically against it. The relationship between them changed constantly, separating and uniting many times. After the surrender of Japan, Yan followed Jiang Kai-shek and started the civil war. He did not accept Feng Yuxiang's persvasion and ended up in failure.%冯玉祥奉行孙中山联俄、联共、扶助农工的革命政策,阎锡山基本上是反对三大政策的,双方分分合合,变幻多端。日本投降后,阎锡山追随蒋介石,挑起内战,不听冯玉祥的忠告,终归于失败。

  10. The Difference in the Main Conflict between Shakespeare ’s Hamlet and Feng Xiaogang’s The Banquet

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    江瑜婷

    2014-01-01

    Famous Chinese director Feng Xiaogang made a film The Banquet in 2006, which is adapted from Shakespeare’s play Hamlet. However, accounting for the background and cultural difference, the main conflict shown in this film is totally different from Hamlet. The paper will compare Hamlet’s reaction to his father’s death with the plot of the film to illustrate the difference of main conflict between Hamlet and The Banquet.

  11. Feng Youlan’s Interpretation of Western Philosophy:A Critical Examination from the Perspective of Metaphysical Methodology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Derong Chen

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The paper aims to display a limited observation of Feng’s interpretation of Western philosophy through the window of metaphysical methodology. This paper concentrates on Feng’s interpretation of Western philosophy from the perspective of metaphysical methodology and aims to display a limited observation of Feng’s interpretation of Western philosophy through the window of metaphysical methodology. Based on a brief review the recent studies of Feng Youlan and Western philosophy, this paper analyzes the progress and insufficient aspects in current studies on this issue and particularly clarifies what are the metaphysics and metaphysical methods in the context of Feng Youlan’s philosophy. In clarifying Feng’s interpretation of Western philosophy from the perspective of methodology, this paper further critically analyzes the Feng’s positive metaphysical methods and negative metaphysical methods, and assumes that Feng’s negative metaphysical methods essentially is a kind of attitudes towards metaphysics but neither a kind of metaphysics nor a kind of metaphysical methods. Instead of characterizing metaphysical methods as positive and negative as Feng did, this paper suggests an alternative division of metaphysical methods: direct and indirect methods of dealing with metaphysical issues.

  12. Dissociation of blood pressure reduction from end-organ damage in TGR(mREN2)27 transgenic hypertensive rats

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Teisman, ACH; Pinto, YM; Buikema, H; Flesch, M; Bohm, M; Paul, M; van Gilst, WH

    1998-01-01

    Objective Since the biochemical disturbance underlying hypertension may be an important determinant of patient outcome, we compared the effects of early treatment with different antihypertensive drugs on end-organ damage in the TGR(mREN2)27 transgenic rat (REN-P), In these REN-P rats, hypertension i

  13. Progress in technology for the 2005 height determination of Qomolangma Feng (Mt. Everest)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHEN; Junyong; YUAN; Janli; GUO; Chunxi; ZHANG; Yanping; ZHANG; Peng

    2006-01-01

    In 2005 China carried out a new geodetic campaign for the height determination of Qomolangma Feng--Mt. Everest (QF in short). The technical progresses in geodesy for the 2005 campaign are presented in the paper. GPS positioning was the key technique in the campaign. After summarizing the experiences and lessons of the GPS positioning on the QF summit in the previous QF height determination campaigns, some measures were taken to raise the accuracy and reliability of the height determination with GPS techniques. In order to raise the accuracy of the height determination of the QF summit with classical geodetic techniques, laser ranging was used together with the trigonometric levelling in the 2005 campaign. It is the first time in China the thickness of the ice-snow layer on the QF summit was measured by ground penetrating radar integrated with GPS. The local gravity field and geoid in the QF area was improved on the basis of earth gravity field model integrated with new ground gravity data, DTM data and GPS leveling data in the QF area. In the 2005 campaign the normal height and orthometric height (height above sea level) of the snow surface of the QF summit were obtained as 8846.67 m and 8847.93 m respectively. The orthometric height of the rock surface of the QF summit is 8844.43 m,and the thickness of the ice-snow layer on the QF summit is 3.50 m.

  14. Study on the volcanic ash cloud with Feng Yun-3 meteorological satellite data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gong, Cai-lan T.; Jiang, Shan; Hu, Yong; Meng, Peng

    2013-09-01

    Volcano eruption can produce a mass of volcanic ash floating in the air for a long period, which will seriously threaten the aerial planes safety, and cause the air pollution, it could do harm to people's living environment and their health. Take the Iceland Eyjafjallajokull volcano as an example which erupted in April to May 2010, the volcano ash cloud were derived with the visible and infrared scanning radiometer of FengYun-3(FY-3 VIRR) meteorological satellite data. The medium wave infrared (MWIR) and the thermal infrared split windows (THIR-SW) data were used separately. the MODIS THIR-SW data were also be used to retrieve ash cloud to test the results derived from FY-3 VIRR data. It showed that the MWIR was more applicable for the ash cloud retrieving than the THIR-SW with FY-3 VIRR data, and the threshold value should be adjusted to around negative 1 rather than 0 for VIRR THIR-SW data. And the threshold should be adjusted with the THIR-SW of FY-3. The ash cloud radiation and bright temperature(BT), spatial distribution characteristics were also analyzed quantitatively with the two channels data. The study could provide parameters for the prediction of volcanic ash cloud dispersion simulate. When the real temperature of lava flow were high enough, the sensor will show a false bright temperature, how to retrieve the real temperature of the higher lava flow is a problem need to be studied in the future.

  15. Theoretical study on optical storage of the transmitted-aperture type super-RENS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shen, Quanhong; Xu, Duanyi; Ma, Jianshe; Liu, Rong; Qi, Guosheng

    2005-09-01

    In this paper, theoretical work on the transmitted-aperture (TA) type super-RENS was introduced. Firstly, the forming of transmitted-aperture in the mask layer was studied based on laser-induced thermal model with Gauss assumption. A numerical simulation was carried out by FEMLAB. The simulation results showed that transmitted aperture would not be formed until the exposure power exceeded a threshold within a certain pulse time and vice versa. Secondly, a calculation model of electromagnetic field of TA type super-RENS disk was presented based on the three-dimensional finite-difference time-domain method (3D-FDTD) together with a vector method of Gaussian beam. Lorenz dispersive model was employed for mask layer and reflective layer. The distributions of electric field for TA type super-RENS were theoretically analyzed. Lastly, the static writing experiment for TA type Super-RENS was carried out with different power and pulse time, as well as for conventional CD-R/W. The experiment results well satisfied the simulation.

  16. De ontvangst van het werk van René Lalique (1860-1945) in Nederland

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Booij, Lennart

    2013-01-01

    This PHD is the result of a research on the life, artistic development and impact of the French artist, jeweller and glass industrialist René Lalique (1860-1945. Focused on the Netherlands, regarding his clients, retailers and influence, a reconstruction was made of his work in relation to the devel

  17. The conversion in the René Girard’s mimetic theory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agustín Moreno Fernández

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available One of the specific peculiarities of René Girard’s mimetic theory is the recovery of the concept of conversion. In this article we expose, in a detailed way, the three senses of the conversion according to his thinking: novelistic, religious and epistemological. There is an interaction between the three senses and also different significations for each other.

  18. Schwerpunktseminar : "Dazugehören? Umgang mit Minderheiten" / Liliāna Vancāne

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vancāne, Liliāna

    2016-01-01

    17. -20. märtsini 2016 Tartus toimunud seminarist "Dazugehören? Umgang mit Minderheiten. Estland und Lettland gestern-heutu-morgen". Seminarist sotsiaalse kuuluvuse ja vähemuste teemal. Suurepäraselt korraldatud ürituse parim osa oli töötuba

  19. Põhust ja ökoloogilisest ehitamisest / René Valner ; intervjueerinud Margit Mutso

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Valner, René, 1972-

    2011-01-01

    Euroopas rändab Euroopa Arhitektide Nõukogu juubelinäitus, kus esitletakse Euroopa ökoloogilist arhitektuuri. Intervjuu arhitekt René Valneriga, kelle põhust looming esindab Eestit sellel näitusel. Enda projekteeritud ökomajadest, põhust ehitiste arhitektuurist, energiasäästliku maja projekteerimisest, energiatõhususe nõudest, sundventilatsioonist jm.

  20. Schwerpunktseminar : "Dazugehören? Umgang mit Minderheiten" / Liliāna Vancāne

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vancāne, Liliāna

    2016-01-01

    17. -20. märtsini 2016 Tartus toimunud seminarist "Dazugehören? Umgang mit Minderheiten. Estland und Lettland gestern-heutu-morgen". Seminarist sotsiaalse kuuluvuse ja vähemuste teemal. Suurepäraselt korraldatud ürituse parim osa oli töötuba

  1. Põhust ja ökoloogilisest ehitamisest / René Valner ; intervjueerinud Margit Mutso

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Valner, René, 1972-

    2011-01-01

    Euroopas rändab Euroopa Arhitektide Nõukogu juubelinäitus, kus esitletakse Euroopa ökoloogilist arhitektuuri. Intervjuu arhitekt René Valneriga, kelle põhust looming esindab Eestit sellel näitusel. Enda projekteeritud ökomajadest, põhust ehitiste arhitektuurist, energiasäästliku maja projekteerimisest, energiatõhususe nõudest, sundventilatsioonist jm.

  2. Die Geburt des Kosmos aus dem Nichts die Theorie des inflationären Universums

    CERN Document Server

    Guth, Alan

    2002-01-01

    Selten wird die Wissenschaft über Nacht so stark revolutioniert wie die Kosmologie durch Alan Guths Entdeckung der inflationären Theorie des Universums. Noch seltener gelingt es dem Urheber einer solchen Revolution, eine derart verständliche und einprägsame Darstellung von einer der aufregendsten Epochen in der modernen Kosmologie zu geben. Sogar Kenner werden Neues lernen.

  3. Biographisch - systematisch - archivalisch: Drei Editionen von Søren Kierkegaards Nachlass

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kondrup, Johnny

    2016-01-01

    matter-of- factness. Finally, in the recent edition, Søren Kierkegaard’s Writings (1997-2013), one can discern a post-modern respect for the documents themselves, related to the so-called New or Material Philology, and an interest in the process of writing. The present article explores the consequences...

  4. 风水研究现状反思(上)%Reflections on the Current Study of Feng Shui

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡义成

    2015-01-01

    中国风水在哲学和科学上均大异于西方,“五四”后却被判为“迷信”。改革开放后,天津大学建筑学教授王其亨先生率先再审风水,认为风水虽杂有迷信成分,但它实际是中国古代地理学、气象学、生态学、景观学、规划学、建筑学等自然科学群集,应加以批判继承,引起“风水热”,也激起反弹。在此后国内学界关于风水“含科学说”和风水“迷信说”的争论中,虽然风水“意匠说”和“美学说”获某种共识,但风水“含科学说”至今面对严重挑战。目前,作为风水“孪生学术”的中医“含科学说”越来越获公认,国内风水研究亟待“突围”。由于吴良镛等人认同王其亨思路,目前这种突破正在实施。%The Chinese Feng Shui in philosophy and science has great different to that of the west , but since the May 4th Movement, it has been judged as “superstition.” After the reform and open-up, the Architecture Pro-fessor Wang Qiheng with Tianjin University first reexamined Feng Shui, he believes though there is a superstition ingredient in Feng Shui, it actually is the ancient Chinese cluster of geography , meteorology, ecology, landscape, planning , architecture , and other natural science , and it should be critically inherited .This has made Feng Shui a hot issue .Later, the hot debate in the domestic academic circles about “science-included theory” and “supersti-tion theory” has won some consensus for both the “artistic conception” and“aesthetic” of Feng Shui, but today the“science-included theory” still faces serious challenges .At present , the“science-included theory” of the tradition-al Chinese medicine , as the twin brother of Feng Shui, has got much recognition , so the domestic research of Feng Shui needs a urgent break-through .Because Wu Liangyong and others agree with Wang Qiheng ideas , such a breakthrough is being implemented .

  5. The Historical Evolution of Nan Yue Zhong Zheng Library%南岳中正图书馆历史演变

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈小丁

    2016-01-01

    文章记述南岳中正图书馆的历史。从古代南岳的文化渊薮,继而建立南岳图书馆,抗战胜利后发展成南岳中正图书馆。新中国成立,南岳中正图书馆撤销建制,改为南岳古典书库,藏书分散保存在湖南数家图书馆。%〔Abstract〕The article describes the history of Nan Yue Zhong Zheng Library that Nan Yue Library was established from the ancient Nan Yue culture and developed into Nan Yue Zhong Zheng Library after the victory of Anti—Japanese War. After the founding of New China Nan Yue Zhong Zheng Library was revoked and renamed Nan Yue Stacks of Ancient Books that the library collection has been scattered in several libraries of Hunan.

  6. Effect of Bu-Zhong-Yi-Qi-Tang on deficiency of N-glycan/nitric oxide and islet damage induced by streptozotocin in diabetic rats

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xiao-Qiu Liu; Ling Wu; Xue-Jun Guo

    2009-01-01

    AIM: To investigate the effect of Bu-Zhong-Yi-Qi-Tang (Decoction for Reinforcing Middle Jiao and Replenishing Qi) on deficiency of N-glycan/nitric oxide (NO) and islet damage induced by injecting two medium doses of streptozotocin (STZ). METHODS: Diabetes was induced by intraperitoneal injection of STZ at 55 mg/kg on day 1 and day 8. Islet damage was evaluated using a scoring system. Nitrite, nitrate, α-mannosidase and amylase activities were measured by colorimetry. N-glycan patterns of amylase were determined with lectin [ConA, pisum sativum agglutinin (PSA), peanut agglutinin (PNA), and lens culinaris agglutinin (LCA)] affinity precipitation method. RESULTS: Severe islet necrosis and mild islet atrophy were observed in diabetic rats. The number and size of islets, the activities of α-mannosidase, amylase and nitrite were decreased, while the binding of PNA and LCA to amylase was increased. All of which were improved after treatment with Bu-Zhong-Yi-Qi-Tang. Islet damage was significantly correlated with nitrite, nitrate, α-mannosidase, amylase and the binding of LCA, PNA, and PSA to amylase. PNA, and PSA to amylase.CONCLUSION: STZ- induced i s let damage i s related to N-glycan def iciency in proteins by blocking α-mannosidase activity and no deficiency, accumulation of unfolded proteins, and endoplasmic reticulum stress and activation of cellular signals, all of which are improved after treatment with Bu-Zhong-Yi- Qi-Tang.

  7. Active cooling convectors in the ''Altstadt-Palais'' building. Feng Shui criteria and users' wishes were considered; Aktive Kuehlkonvektoren im Altstadt-Palais. Feng Shui-Kriterien und Nutzerwuensche beruecksichtigen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schmid, Wolfgang

    2009-07-01

    Modern air conditioning systems are not chosen for technical and economic aspects alone, but there are various boundary conditions that are generally considered. In the case of the Altstadt-Palais building at Karl-Scharnagl-Ring, Munich, which has an office floor space of about 9,800 m{sup 2}, also Feng Shui criteria were taken into account apart from 'normal' criteria like room flexibility, thermal comfort, and economic efficiency. The new system has cooling convectors with primary air supply that are integrated in the ceilings. (orig.)

  8. The New Chinese Cultural Landscape Feng Shui Applications%新中式景观中的风水文化演绎

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    施雪燕; 武文婷

    2016-01-01

    New Chinese landscape is a modern interpretation of traditional Chinese culture, and Feng Shui culture is unique traditional culture. Based on previous studies on Feng Shui culture, explore new polyol derived Chinese culture Feng Shui landscape design and interpretation of the new Chinese landscape Feng Shui culture, from different angles of the new Chinese cultural landscape Feng Shui use to think.%新中式景观是对中国传统文化的现代性演绎,而风水文化是中国独特的传统文化。文章在前人风水文化研究的基础上,探讨了新中式景观中风水文化的多元衍化以及新中式景观中风水文化的设计演绎,从不同的角度对新中式景观中的风水文化运用进行思考。

  9. Concept "feng shui" as a word of Chinese origin in the consciousness of native Russian language (based on the psycholinguistic experiments

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yang Xi

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This article studies one borrowing from Chinese – «feng shui» with the standpoint of cognitive science and psycholinguistics. According to the statistics from «The Russian National Corpus», «YandexNews» and our experiments we can conclude that this borrowing «feng shui» is quite common in Russian language. We expand research based on the theory and method of Russian linguists: Z.D. Popova and I.A. Sternin, implying three steps for description of concept «feng shui»: 1 describe macrostructure of concept; 2 describe categorical structure of concept; 3 describe field organization of concept. According to the data of psycholinguistic experiments we can point out not only the adaptive information of «feng shui» among Russianspeakers, but also concept content. Associative experiments create a concept model of «feng shui», and divide it into the core, proximal, distal and the extreme periphery.

  10. 冯梦龙的音乐文学思想%Thoughts Expressed in Feng Menglong's Musical Literature

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王慧

    2011-01-01

    Feng Menglong, an eminent litterateur in the Ming Dynasty, obtaines remarkable achievements in literature. However, people oftentimes merely focus on the novels edited and selected by Feng Menglong, while just superficially studying his other works. Mountain Songs and Taixia Xinzou, anthologies of folk songs of that time collected by Feng on his own, provide helpful materials for the study on vulgar literature development and local folk customs. Several parts of the collections are indicators of Feng' s insights into such musical literature as folk songs and vulgar music, which constitute an essential part of Chinese ancient musical and literary theories.%明代杰出文学家冯梦龙在文学领域的成就颇丰,然而世人对他的关注往往只停留在他编选的小说上,对其他方面的研究相对不够深入。他凭借个人之力搜集、编辑了当时的民歌俗曲集《山歌》、《太霞新奏》等作品,为后世研究当时俗文学和地方的民俗风情提供了宝贵的资料,其中某些篇章道出了冯梦龙对民歌俗曲这类音乐文学的独特见解,成为我国古代乐论、文论的重要组成部分。

  11. 试析丰子恺的人生论美学观%On Feng Zikai’s Life Aesthetics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    余连祥

    2015-01-01

    Feng Zikai thinks that life is depressed and the way to escape from depression is art and religion. From a practical point of view, art is useless. However, Feng advocates life with art and art with life and believes that art can beautify life, and“comfort our feelings with a subtle way”. This is the“big use”of art. Feng Zikai claimed to be an admirer of children and that“children heart”, art heart and religion heart are in harmoniously combination. Art can nurture“children heart”and maintain art heart and religion heart of the adult.%丰子恺认为,人生是苦闷的,脱离苦海的途径便是艺术和宗教。从实用的角度看,艺术是无用的。然而,丰子恺主张艺术的人生化和人生的艺术化,认为艺术能美化人生,且能“用慰安的方式来潜移默化我们的感情”,这是艺术的“大用”。丰子恺自称是儿童崇拜者,认为“童心”与艺术心、宗教心、“赤子之心”三位一体,艺术能长养“童心”,永葆成人的艺术心、宗教心和“赤子之心”。

  12. Huang Qi Jian Zhong Pellet Attenuates TNBS-Induced Colitis in Rats via Mechanisms Involving Improvement of Energy Metabolism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Duan-Yong; Pan, Chun-Shui; Liu, Yu-Ying; Wei, Xiao-Hong; Zhou, Chang-Man; Sun, Kai; He, Ke; Li, Chong; Yan, Li; Fan, Jing-Yu; Wang, Chuan-She; Hibi, Toshifumi; Liu, Hong-Ning; Han, Jing-Yan

    2013-01-01

    Huang Qi Jian Zhong Pellet (HQJZ) is a famous Chinese medicine formula for treatment of various gastrointestinal tract diseases. This study investigated the role of HQJZ in 2,4,6-trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid- (TNBS-) induced colitis and its underlying mechanism. Colonic mucosal injury was induced by TNBS in the Sprague-Dawley rats. In the HQJZ treatment group, HQJZ was administered (2 g/kg) for 14 days starting from day 1 after TNBS infusion. Colonic mucosal injury occurred obviously 1 day after TNBS challenge and did not recover distinctively until day 15, including an increase in macro- and microscopic scores, a colonic weight index, a decrease in colonic length, a number of functional capillaries, and blood flow. Inverted intravital microscopy and ELISA showed colonic microcirculatory disturbances and inflammatory responses after TNBS stimulation, respectively. TNBS decreased occludin, RhoA, and ROCK-I, while increasing Rac-1, PAK-1, and phosphorylated myosin light chain. In addition, ATP content and ATP5D expression in colonic mucosa decreased after TNBS challenge. Impressively, treatment with HQJZ significantly attenuated all of the alterations evoked by TNBS, promoting the recovery of colonic injury. The present study demonstrated HQJZ as a multitargeting management for colonic mucosal injury, which set in motion mechanisms involving improvement of energy metabolism.

  13. Huang Qi Jian Zhong Pellet Attenuates TNBS-Induced Colitis in Rats via Mechanisms Involving Improvement of Energy Metabolism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Duan-Yong Liu

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Huang Qi Jian Zhong Pellet (HQJZ is a famous Chinese medicine formula for treatment of various gastrointestinal tract diseases. This study investigated the role of HQJZ in 2,4,6-trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid- (TNBS- induced colitis and its underlying mechanism. Colonic mucosal injury was induced by TNBS in the Sprague-Dawley rats. In the HQJZ treatment group, HQJZ was administered (2 g/kg for 14 days starting from day 1 after TNBS infusion. Colonic mucosal injury occurred obviously 1 day after TNBS challenge and did not recover distinctively until day 15, including an increase in macro- and microscopic scores, a colonic weight index, a decrease in colonic length, a number of functional capillaries, and blood flow. Inverted intravital microscopy and ELISA showed colonic microcirculatory disturbances and inflammatory responses after TNBS stimulation, respectively. TNBS decreased occludin, RhoA, and ROCK-I, while increasing Rac-1, PAK-1, and phosphorylated myosin light chain. In addition, ATP content and ATP5D expression in colonic mucosa decreased after TNBS challenge. Impressively, treatment with HQJZ significantly attenuated all of the alterations evoked by TNBS, promoting the recovery of colonic injury. The present study demonstrated HQJZ as a multitargeting management for colonic mucosal injury, which set in motion mechanisms involving improvement of energy metabolism.

  14. The effect of Bu-Zhong-Yi-Qi-Tang on epidermal melanocytes in ultraviolet B-irradiated mice

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Hae June [Korea Institute of Radiological and Medical Science, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Hwan Sung; Park, Young Jong; Kim, Joong Sun; Moon, Chang Jong; Kim, Jong Choon; Bae, Chun Sik; Kim, Sung Ho [Chonnam National University, Gwangju (Korea, Republic of); Jo, Sung Kee [KAERI, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    2008-09-15

    We induced the activation of melanocytes in the epidermis of C57BL/6 mice by UltraViolet B (UVB) irradiation and observed the effect of Bu-Zhong-Yi-Qi-Tang (BZYQT) on the formation, and decrease of UVB-induced epidermal melanocytes. C57BL/6 mice were irradiated by UVB 80 mJ/cm{sup 2} (0.5 mW/sec) daily for 7 days, and BZYQT was intraperitoneally or topically applied pre- or post-irradiation. For the estimation of change of epidermal melanocytes, light microscopic observation with dihydroxyphenylalanine (DOPA) stain was performed. Split epidermal sheets prepared from the ear of untreated mice exhibited 11-16 melanocytes/mm{sup 2}, and one week after UV irradiation, the applied areas show an increased number of strongly DOPA-positive melanocytes with stout dendrites. But intraperitoneal or topical treatment with BZYQT before each irradiation interrupted UVB-induced pigmentation and resulted in a marked reduction in the number of epidermal melanocytes as compared to radiation control skin. The number and size of DOPA-positive epidermal melanocytes were also significantly decreased in intraperitoneally injected or topically applicated group after irradiation with BZYQT at 3rd and 6th weeks after irradiation. The present study suggests the BZYQT as inhibitor of UVB-induced pigmentation and depigmenting agent.

  15. MCNP-REN a Monte Carlo tool for neutron detector design

    CERN Document Server

    Abhold, M E

    2002-01-01

    The development of neutron detectors makes extensive use of the predictions of detector response through the use of Monte Carlo techniques in conjunction with the point reactor model. Unfortunately, the point reactor model fails to accurately predict detector response in common applications. For this reason, the general Monte Carlo code developed at Los Alamos National Laboratory, Monte Carlo N-Particle (MCNP), was modified to simulate the pulse streams that would be generated by a neutron detector and normally analyzed by a shift register. This modified code, MCNP-Random Exponentially Distributed Neutron Source (MCNP-REN), along with the Time Analysis Program, predicts neutron detector response without using the point reactor model, making it unnecessary for the user to decide whether or not the assumptions of the point model are met for their application. MCNP-REN is capable of simulating standard neutron coincidence counting as well as neutron multiplicity counting. Measurements of mixed oxide fresh fuel w...

  16. Influence of surface-normal ground acceleration on the initiation of the Jih-Feng-Erh-Shan landslide during the 1999 Chi-Chi, Taiwan, earthquake

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, C.-C.; Lee, Y.-H.; Liu, Huaibao P.; Keefer, D.K.; Jibson, R.W.

    2001-01-01

    The 1999 Chi-Chi, Taiwan, earthquake triggered numerous landslides throughout a large area in the Central Range, to the east, southeast, and south of the fault rupture. Among them are two large rock avalanches, at Tsaoling and at Jih-Feng-Erh-Shan. At Jih-Feng-Erh-Shan, the entire thickness (30-50 m) of the Miocene Changhukeng Shale over an area of 1 km2 slid down its bedding plane for a distance of about 1 km. Initial movement of the landslide was nearly purely translational. We investigate the effect of surface-normal acceleration on the initiation of the Jih-Feng-Erh-Shan landslide using a block slide model. We show that this acceleration, currently not considered by dynamic slope-stability analysis methods, significantly influences the initiation of the landslide.

  17. Un ente innovativo di ricerca e di servizi per la informazione geospaziale: GIS Research Center della Feng-Chia University di Taiwan (GIS.FCU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mauro Salvemini

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available La storia di un Laboratorio GIS a Taiwan nato da un accordo tra Feng-Chia University e la Università di Roma “LaSapienza” oggi tra i primi nel mondo nel settore dell’informazione geospaziale per la ricerca nell’ambito dei testdell’interoperabilità.A body of research and innovative services for geospatial infor-mation: GIS Research Center of Feng-Chia University in Taiwan (GIS.FCUThe story of a GIS laboratory in Taiwan born on an agreement between the Feng-Chia University and the University of Rome "La Sapienza" now among the first in the world in the field of information for research for geospatial application.

  18. A renúncia de Fidel Castro: continuidade na sucessão presidencial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isabele Villwock Bachtold

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Cuba atualmente vive uma nova fase, pautada na possível reforma do sistema socialista em vigor no país desde a Revolução Cubana de 1959. Este artigo busca analisar as implicações que a recente renúncia de Fidel Castro à presidência cubana acarretará para a ilha e para o cenário internacional como um todo.

  19. A renúncia de Fidel Castro: continuidade na sucessão presidencial

    OpenAIRE

    Isabele Villwock Bachtold

    2010-01-01

    Cuba atualmente vive uma nova fase, pautada na possível reforma do sistema socialista em vigor no país desde a Revolução Cubana de 1959. Este artigo busca analisar as implicações que a recente renúncia de Fidel Castro à presidência cubana acarretará para a ilha e para o cenário internacional como um todo.

  20. Dichtung und Wahrheit : Rolf Schneiders Feuilletons über "Liebesaffären deutscher Literaten"

    OpenAIRE

    Soldat, Hans-Georg

    2010-01-01

    Hans-Georg Soldat rezensiert für NDR 3 / Radio 3 die im Jahr 2001 im Aufbau Taschenbuchverlag Berlin erschiene Aufsatzsammlung feuilletonistischer Arbeit "Ich bin ein Narr und weiß es" von Rolf Schneider. "Liebesaffären deutscher Literaten" ist der Untertitel des schmalen Bandes, hervorgegangen aus einer Serie für eine Berliner Tageszeitung - wobei der Begriff "Literaten" sehr weit gefasst wird. Zwanzig Geschichten um Liebe, erotische Verirrung, Abhängigkeit und oft schmerzhafte Trennung, ein...

  1. Untersuchungen zum Waschbären (Procyon lotor Linné, 1758) im Raum Bernburg

    OpenAIRE

    Helbig, Dirk

    2013-01-01

    Im vorliegenden Beitrag werden Untersuchungsergebnisse zum Bestand, Nahrungsspektrum und Spulwurmbefall sowie zu aktuell bevorzugten Habitaten des Waschbären in einer intensiv landwirtschaftlich genutzten Region vorgestellt. Betrachtungen über den Einfluss dieser Raubsäugerart auf die Vogelwelt, mit Fokus auf Graureiher und ausgewählte Greifvogelarten, ergänzen die Ausführungen. Die vorgestellten Untersuchungen beziehen sich auf das Gebiet des Landkreises Bernburg in den Landkreisgrenzen vom ...

  2. [Master of Chinese medicine: the career life of Professor HE Pu-Ren].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Jing-Xi

    2011-09-01

    With his unique comprehension, theoretical contribution and technique of acupuncture, Professor HE Pu-ren has devoted himself into the career of Chinese Medicine for 70 years. Besides the professional contributions, his academic spirit and idea of humanities are also handed down to the next generation. And it is held that his success rests with the spirit of both imitation of the ancients and innovation as well as the practical idea and insistence.

  3. Effect of Direct Sowing Rates on Mid-season “Rice Feng-liang-you-xiang-1”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wen-jing He

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available To study the suitable seeding rate of middle-season rice sown directly in Jianghan Plain, 6 treatments were set up with different seeding rates for hybrid rice Feng-liang-you-xiang-1 which was sown directly: 22.5, 30, 37.5, 45, 52.5, 60 kg/hm2, respectively and the optimum seeding rate was selected. Some initiative results were made. The seeding rate influences whole growth period, yield components, yield and relative economic output of Feng-liang-you-xiang-1 significantly. It shows a quadratic curve relationship between seeding rate and whole growth period and when the seeding rates were less than 30 kg/hm2 or more than 52.5 kg/hm2, the whole growth period was obviously shortened compared with that of other seeding rate. Among the yield components, panicles, grains panicles, seed-setting rate and harvest index are effected very significantly by the seeding rate, showing a linear relationship of quadratic curve; while to 1000 seed weight the influence don’t reach the level of significant difference. And seeding rate shows in curve relation to yield (y = 2.5248x2 + 198.89x + 7620.1; when the seeding rate is 39.387 kg/hm2, the yield reaches the maximum value of 11536.95 kg/hm2.

  4. Genome-Wide Linkage Mapping of QTL for Adult-Plant Resistance to Stripe Rust in a Chinese Wheat Population Linmai 2 × Zhong 892.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Jindong; He, Zhonghu; Wu, Ling; Bai, Bin; Wen, Weie; Xie, Chaojie; Xia, Xianchun

    2015-01-01

    Stripe rust is one of the most devastating diseases of wheat (Triticum aestivum) worldwide. Adult-plant resistance (APR) is an efficient approach to provide long-term protection of wheat from the disease. The Chinese winter wheat cultivar Zhong 892 has a moderate level of APR to stripe rust in the field. To determine the inheritance of the APR resistance in this cultivar, 273 F6 recombinant inbred lines (RILs) were developed from a cross between Linmai 2 and Zhong 892. The RILs were evaluated for maximum disease severity (MDS) in two sites during the 2011-2012, 2012-2013 and 2013-2014 cropping seasons, providing data for five environments. Illumina 90k SNP (single nucleotide polymorphism) chips were used to genotype the RILs and their parents. Composite interval mapping (CIM) detected eight QTL, namely QYr.caas-2AL, QYr.caas-2BL.3, QYr.caas-3AS, QYr.caas-3BS, QYr.caas-5DL, QYr.caas-6AL, QYr.caas-7AL and QYr.caas-7DS.1, respectively. All except QYr.caas-2BL.3 resistance alleles were contributed by Zhong 892. QYr.caas-3AS and QYr.caas-3BS conferred stable resistance to stripe rust in all environments, explaining 6.2-17.4% and 5.0-11.5% of the phenotypic variances, respectively. The genome scan of SNP sequences tightly linked to QTL for APR against annotated proteins in wheat and related cereals genomes identified two candidate genes (autophagy-related gene and disease resistance gene RGA1), significantly associated with stripe rust resistance. These QTL and their closely linked SNP markers, in combination with kompetitive allele specific PCR (KASP) technology, are potentially useful for improving stripe rust resistances in wheat breeding.

  5. On Zhong: A Way of Understanding Justice%原中——正义理论的一条进路

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭永捷

    2012-01-01

    In Chinese ancient political discourse, "Zhong" is an equivalent word for "justice" . The re- search on "Zhong" offers a way of understanding justice in Chinese political thought. "Zhong" is the fundamental principle and methodology of political governance which is highly valued and even becomes political testament on the date of leadership succession. As an inheritor and disseminator of traditional culture, the Confucian inherits guidance line of "Zhong" . By maintaining rites of the Zhou Dynasty, the Confucian upholds distributive justice. By inheriting and developing traditional people-oriented thought, the Confucian puts forward humaneness as inner spirit of rites to solve the problem of com- pensatory justice. Thus, the basic position and fundamental thought on political justice is constructed.%在中国古代政治语汇中,相当于“正义”一词的是“中”。对“中”的考察是了解中国古代政治正义思想的一条进路。“中”是政治的根本原则和宏观方法论,在古代政治生活中受到高度重视,甚至是政权交接时一再作为政治遗嘱传授和告诫的治国要领。儒家继承了传统政治文化,秉承了“中”的指导思想。儒家以维护周礼来维护“分配正义”,并从周礼中提炼出“仁”的精神,贯彻到解决“校正正义”的君民关系中,继承和发扬了古代政治传统中的民本思想,由此形成了中国政治正义的基本立场和基本思想。

  6. On the Methods of Using Allusion of Zhong Yunfang' s Prose%钟云舫散文的用典方式研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贾雯鹤; 张琴

    2011-01-01

    Zhong Yunfang is a scholar living during the waning days of the Qing Dynasty. The use of allusion in Zhong yunfang' s prose impressed the and various methods of using allusion. Several Yunfang readers deeply, since there are a large number of allusions of methods of using allusion are a bright spot in Zhong ' s prose. But at present, the study about Zhong Yunfang' s works has not formed across - the - aboard and systematic system, and no one has tried to start the study about the use of allusion in his prose. This thesis attempts to research his methods of using allusion systematically. This thesis generalizes nine methods from two standards: whether the mark of quotative mark is evident or not and the relationship of the allusions' meaning and the new article' s meaning. Then I analyze each method with examples and summarize the features and novel - innovative points of the methods of using allusion.%清末作家钟云舫散文中的用典以量大且密、姿态横生的特点给人留下了深刻的印象,不胜枚举的用典方式是钟云舫散文的一大亮点。然而目前关于钟云舫的研究尚未形成全面系统的体系,对其散文的用典研究至今仍无人尝试。本文试图对其散文中的用典方式进行专门的、系统的研究,从典故的引用标志是否明显和典故原义与新文本的意义的关系两个角度,归纳出九种用典方式,然后运用实例加以分析,并总结钟云舫运用典故的特点和创新处。

  7. Introduction to plant feng shui culture expression in landscape%植物风水文化在景观中的表达

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄红艳

    2015-01-01

    This article expounds the history and culture origin between the plant landscape and feng shui, and through analyze the plants feng shui feng shui culture in constructing the Chinese traditional garden and the application of modern plant landscape and expres-sion. Put forward the flexible use of the traditional Chinese fengshui theory, achieve the sustainable utilization of the natural environment, the special value of constructing modern landscape plants feng shui culture is a inevitable choice of the return of human culture.%阐述了植物景观与风水之间的历史文化渊源,并通过对植物风水的剖析阐明风水文化在构造中国传统园林和现代植物景观中的运用和表达。提出灵活运用中国传统风水学理论,实现自然环境的可持续利用,以植物风水文化的特殊价值构建现代景观是人类文化回归的必然选择。

  8. Study on the Decoration of Shaanxi Guan zhong Folk Furniture%陕西关中民俗家具装饰研究——装饰部位与装饰影响的因素

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙光瑞; 张亚池; 张学彬

    2013-01-01

    Shaanxi guan zhong folk furniture has full-bodied local characteristics, particularly in the decorations. Through an analysis of the characteristics, methods, theme and positions of Shaanxi guan zhong folk furniture decoration, this article summed up the six general characteristics, ifve kinds of decorative methods, seven kind of decorative theme, seven kinds of decorative parts. The writer analyzed the factors that affect Shaanxi guan zhong folk furniture decoration were four categories, including guan zhong folk custom, guan zhong culture, traditional art and the local-style dwelling houses building. This study was to deepen the understanding of Shaanxi guan zhong folk furniture decorative arts and insights, and provide some references for the study of the regional folk furniture.%陕西关中民俗家具具有浓郁的地域特色,尤其体现在其装饰上.从总体特征、手法、题材、部位四个方面分析关中民俗家具的装饰,总结出六个总体特征、五种手法、七类题材和七种装饰部位;同时探析出影响关中民俗家具装饰的主要因素有四类,包括关中民俗、关中文化、传统艺术和关中民居建筑.旨在加深对陕西关中民俗家具装饰艺术的理解和领悟,为地域民俗家具研究提供一些参考.

  9. Study on the Decoration of Shaanxi Guan Zhong Folk Furniture%陕西关中民俗家具装饰研究(上)--装饰总体特征、手法、题材

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙光瑞; 张亚池; 张学彬

    2013-01-01

    陕西关中民俗家具具有浓郁的地域特色,尤其体现在其装饰上。从总体特征、手法、题材、部位四个方面分析关中民俗家具的装饰,总结出六个总体特征、五种手法、七类题材和七种装饰部位;同时探析出影响关中民俗家具装饰的主要因素有四类,包括关中民俗、关中文化、传统艺术和关中民居建筑。旨在加深对陕西关中民俗家具装饰艺术的理解和领悟,为地域民俗家具研究提供一些参考。%Shaanxi guan zhong folk furniture has full-bodied local characteristics, particularly in the decorations. Through an analysis of the characteristics/methods/theme and positions of Shaanxi guan zhong folk furniture decoration, this article summed up the six general characteristics, if ve kinds of decorative methods, seven kind of decorative theme, seven kinds of decorative parts. The writer analyzed the factors that affect Shaanxi guan zhong folk furniture decoration were four categories, including guan zhong folk custom, guan zhong culture, traditional art and the local-style dwelling houses building. This study was to deepen the understanding of Shaanxi guan zhong folk furniture decorative arts and insights, and provide some references for the study of the regional folk furniture.

  10. Lyden Sker - et interview med Torben Ulrich og Søren Kjærgaard

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kristensen, Thomas Bjørnsten

    2009-01-01

    Da musikeren, poeten og tennisspilleren Torben Ulrich i Seattle mødte jazzpianisten og komponisten Søren Kjærgaard udviklede det sig til en dybdegående udforskning af feltet mellem lyd og ord, stilhed og puls, rum og nærvær. Deres fælles bestræbelser kulminerede i foråret 2009 med det eksperiment...... eksperimenterende værk Suddenly, Sound: 21 songlines for piano, drainpipe, etc. Udgivelsesdato: 20.12...

  11. Epileptische Anfälle nach zerebrovaskulären Ereignissen - Erste Auswertungen der Wiener Schlaganfalldatenbank

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Glawar B

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Die Inzidenz isolierter epileptischer Anfälle nach Schlaganfällen wird in der Literatur zwischen 4 und 15 % angegeben. Die Wahrscheinlichkeit, eine Epilepsie nach einem zerebrovaskulären Ereignis zu entwickeln, liegt nach bisherigen Erkenntnissen zwischen 4 und 9 %. In einer prospektiven, multizentrischen Datenerhebung im Rahmen der Wiener Schlaganfalldatenbank werden seit Oktober 1998 Patienten mit der Diagnose Schlaganfall (nach der WHO-Definition und TIA, die innerhalb von 72 Stunden nach dem Ereignis zur Aufnahme an eine neurologische Abteilung kommen, erfaßt. Unter anderem werden auch Auftreten und Art von epileptischen Anfällen nach dem Ereignis beziehungsweise die Entwicklung einer vaskulären Epilepsie erfaßt. Für die vorliegende Fragestellung wurden die Daten von 1969 Patienten inklusive einer Dreimonatskontrolle ausgewertet. 82 dieser 1969 Patienten (= 4,2 % erlitten einen oder mehrere epileptische Anfälle nach dem Ereignis. Bei 55 Patienten (= 67 % trat der erste Anfall innerhalb von 24 Stunden, entsprechend einem Immediatanfall, auf. 22 Patienten (= 27 % hatten den ersten Anfall innerhalb der ersten 14 Tage, und bei 5 Personen (= 6 % wurde der erste Anfall erst zu einem späteren Zeitpunkt dokumentiert. Bei 67 % (n = 55 traten fokale Anfälle mit/ohne sekundäre Generalisierung auf, und bei ca. 33 % (n = 27 kam es zu phänomenologisch primär generalisierten Anfällen. In einer multivariaten Analyse zeigt sich, daß vor allem Patienten mit initial schwerer Behinderung nach dem NIH-Stroke Score ein höheres Risiko haben, epileptische Anfälle zu entwickeln. Bei 12 Patienten trat mehr als ein epileptischer Anfall auf, dies entspricht einer Inzidenz von 0,6 % für die Entwicklung einer vaskulären Epilepsie. In einem Beobachtungszeitraum von 3 Monaten sind noch nicht alle Patienten, die epileptische Anfälle entwickeln, erfaßt. Längere Beobachtungszeiträume und Kontrollen nach einem und nach zwei Jahren werden ausf

  12. Veins filled with the Diluted Sap of Rationality: A Critical Reply to Rens Bod

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andreas Fickers

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available This article argues – in contradiction to the thesis developed by Rens Bod – that the hermeneutic tradition of humanities is not obsolete, especially when trying to understand the opportunities and challenges of using digital technologies for future research. The practice of digital history will have to be based on the critical analysis of the creation, enrichment, editing and retrieval of digital data as much as on the application of classical source criticism and historical contextualisation. If ‘content’ or rather ‘data’ is king in digital humanities, as imagined by Bod, context is its crown – at least for digital historians.

  13. ren Kierkegaard und das Internet: Partizipation und Engagement als Hinweis auf Medienbildung

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tobias Hölterhof

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Sören Kierkegaard (1813-1855 hat das Internet zwar selbst nicht erlebt, dennoch hat sich ein Forschungsdiskurs etabliert, der dieses Gedankenexperiment erörtert. Anhand seiner Philosophie wird die Frage nach der existenziellen Bedeutung des Internet greifbar. Durch die Rekonstruktion des Diskurses sowie dessen Implikationen für das Lernen mit Medien wird eine Verbindung zwischen dem individuellen Lernen und den Eigenheiten von Bildungsprozessen herausgearbeitet. Dabei kann insbesondere aus der Perspektive von Partizipation und Engagement dieses Gedankenexperiment zu einem Hinweis auf Medienbildung werden.

  14. A Discussion on Images of Lyrics by Feng Yansi%冯延巳词意象浅论

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏玮

    2011-01-01

    冯延巳词由自然意象群和室内外建筑与装饰意象群两大意象群组成。词的意象选择与前代词相比有突出的变化。总体表现为:在一定程度上消解了以女性为中心的意象群特征,意象组合崇尚清雅,同时带有明显的萧疏、衰飒、孤寂之感。%This article researches on the images of lyrics by Feng Yansi,which composed of the natural images and images of inside outside buildings and decorations.The choice of word image had prominent changes comparing with word used in the previous dynasty.The m

  15. The functional role of PI3K in maintenance of blood pressure and baroreflex suppression in (mRen2)27 and mRen2.Lewis rat.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Logan, Exazevia M; Aileru, Azeez A; Shaltout, Hossam A; Averill, David B; Diz, Debra I

    2011-10-01

    The phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)-dependent signaling pathway in brain of spontaneously hypertensive rats, but not Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats, contributes to elevated mean arterial pressure (MAP). The role of PI3K in the regulation of blood pressure or autonomic function in the nucleus tractus solitarii (NTS) is yet to be established in other Ang II-dependent models of hypertension. Thus, we microinjected PI3K inhibitors, wortmannin or LY294002, into the NTS, and measured MAP, baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) for heart rate (HR) control, and HR variability (HRV) in mRen2.Lewis congenic and (mRen2)27 transgenic rats. Bilateral NTS microinjections of wortmannin (100 nmol/L; 50 nL) reduced MAP in (mRen2)27 and mRen2.Lewis rats (33 ± 5 mm Hg, n = 7, and 32 ± 6 mm Hg, n = 9, respectively) for approximately 90 minutes. Spectral and sequence analysis showed improvements in spontaneous BRS and HRV (50%-100%) after treatment in both hypertensive strains. Injections of wortmannin into NTS of Hannover Sprague-Dawley or Lewis control rats failed to alter MAP, BRS, or HRV. In mRen2.Lewis, but not in control Lewis rats, LY294002 (50 μmole/L) reduced MAP and increased BRS and HRV similar to wortmannin. Thus, the pharmacologic blockade of the PI3K signaling pathway in NTS reveals an important contribution to resting MAP and BRS in rats with overexpression of the Ren2 gene.

  16. 西汉史学家笔下的管仲探微%Exploration on GUAN Zhong in the books written by historians of western Han Dynasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李方擎

    2015-01-01

    管仲是春秋时期齐国的政治家,在中国思想史上占有重要地位。以司马迁《史记·管晏列传》和刘向《七略》中的《管子书录》为比勘对象,考察西汉史学家对管仲的事迹、人物性格和思想的叙述,以期一窥管仲在西汉学者笔下的形象与地位。%GUAN Zhong was a politician in the State of Qi in Chunqiu period, who won an important position in Chinese ideological history. This paper takes SIMA Qian’s " Shih Chi –GUAN Yan collected biographies" and LIU Xiang’s " Index of GUAN Zi’s books” in "Seven strategies” as the comparing objects, investigates the narration about GUANG Zhong’s achievement, personal character and thoughts written by the historians in the western Han Dynasty in order to glimpse the ifgure and status of GUAN Zhong in the eyes of western Han Dynasty scholars.

  17. La crítica de René Girard al humanismo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moreno Fernández, Agustín

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available In René Girard’s work there are a lot of critics to the humanism and the humanists. First of all, in this article we will deal with a definition of this concept and his historiographic problem. There is a big contrast between the topics and ideals of the humanism and the mimetic theory. We study the explicit Girard’s critics to the humanists and finally we present one perspective that allows to consider himself like a humanist thinker.La obra de René Girard está salpicada de críticas al humanismo y a los humanistas. En este estudio nos preguntamos en primer lugar qué es el humanismo, haciéndonos cargo de la problemática historiográfica. Presentamos el contraste existente entre los tópicos e ideales humanistas y las ideas que se derivan de la teoría mimética. Estudiamos las críticas explícitas de Girard a los humanistas y, por último, adoptamos una perspectiva que permite calificarlo a él mismo como un humanista.

  18. Spatial Representations of Ideology and Politics In Urban Scene: Keçiören Example

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    İrem Öz

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Being the capital city of a newly established Turkish Republic that was descended from the Ottoman Empire, Ankara was attributed a massive symbolic meaning. Ankara became the representative of a new Turkish State that aimed to attain a place in the global picture as being a modern and secular nation state. It carries a distinct characteristic as the reflections of transformations taking place in the political sphere can be read from the urban space. In this context, Keçiören District, being one of the largest and most populated districts of Ankara has undergone a massive transformation after 1994 with the change in the political structure. The aim of this study is to make an analysis of the transformation that has been taking place in Keçiören district of Ankara since 1994, focusing on the architecture of AKP government that has been taking place not only in the architectural or urban field but also in the political, social, economic and cultural fields. What has been tried to be analyzed in this study is the emergence of a new architectural style that imitates the past with a modern approach not only in terms of urban and architectural quality but also from social and political motives that are embedded in the “culture” by using Pierre Bourdieu’s sociological notions as elements of interpretation.

  19. René Marcelle (December 30, 1931-December 18, 2011), the first editor-in-chief of Photosynthesis Research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Govindjee; Marcelle, Dominique

    2016-07-01

    This tribute honors the first editor-in-chief of Photosynthesis Research, René Marcelle the Belgian plant physiologist who, with publishers in The Netherlands, launched the journal in 1980. Here, we present a glimpse of René Marcelle's early life, his education and research, as well as his editorial work for the journal and other conferences in plant physiology. He worked on control of photosynthesis, both the biological and environmental aspects, as well as on crassulacean acid metabolism. He is best remembered as a kind-hearted and humane editor.

  20. A noção de semelhança no universo poético e artístico de René Magritte

    OpenAIRE

    2011-01-01

    Resumo: Tradução para o português do texto A arte da semelhança (1979), do artista belga René Magritte, precedida de apresentação crítica.Palavras-chave: Arte; René Magritte; A arte da semelhança; pintura.Résumé: Traduction vers le portugais du texte L’art de la ressemblance (1979), de l’artiste belge René Magritte, précédée d’une présentation critique.Mots-clés: Art; René Magritte; L’art de la ressemblance; peinture.Keywords: Art; René Magritte; L’art de la ressemblance; peinture....

  1. 河南豫剧与中原文化传承%On the Inheritance of Zhong Yuan Culture and Henan Opera

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘明

    2013-01-01

    On the basis of studying the history of Henan Opera ,this essay presents details about the features of group-work,focusing on rural culture,enriching people’s cultural life,entering and suitable for the wide crowd .In the same way ,relating its musical character , combining the unique features of no music no spectrum , vocal music of Henan Opera ,this paper reveals Henan Opera ’ s fine tradition of absorbing anything and everything ,emphasizing on self-transcendence and points out its significant role in inheriting Zhong Yuan culture ,showing Henan spirit ,dedu-cing local culture,happy people’s live,revealing the image of Henan.And with a hope that we can establish a cul-tural platform and transmit Zhong Yuan culture through Henan Opera ,so we can achieve a win -win outcome by es-tablishing cultural province in the process of promoting the construction of Zhong Yuan economic zone .%在研究河南豫剧发展史的基础上,详细论述了河南豫剧群体创作、重乡土文化、丰富群众文化生活、娱乐性强、适合人群广的特点。在论述其音乐特征的基础上,结合豫剧无曲无谱、口头传唱的独有特性,揭示了豫剧兼收并蓄、注重自我超越的优良传统,指出豫剧在传承中原文化,展现河南精神,演绎地方文化,幸福百姓生活,展现河南形象和推进文化大省建设方面的巨大作用,并希望河南人通过河南豫剧搭建根亲文化平台,传播中原文化,在推动中原经济区建设过程中,通过创建文化大省实现经济效益和社会效益的双赢。

  2. 孙中山先生怎样对待“黄祸”论?%Mr. Sun Zhong-shan's Attitude to Yellow Peril

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗福惠

    2001-01-01

    There is enough evidence to prove that Mr. Sun Zhong-shan wasonce challenged and obsessed by the idea of yellow peril. He, to some extent, had deliberated upon it and his attitude toward it had experienced three periods. General speaking, he thought that the idea of yellow peril was an excuse the European and American powers exploited which was intended to divide China and struggle for hegemony over Asia. Mr. Sun Zhong-shan emphasized that China would open to the outside world after the revolution and meanwhile develop its economy to benefit not only the Chinese but also the whole human beings. During h is later years, Mr. Sun Zhong-shan persisted in anti-imperialism, abolishing all unequal treaties, standing together with all oppressed nations and states and preserving human justice and world peace.%有足够的资料证明孙中山先生曾遇到“黄祸”论的挑战和困扰,对此他也有所考虑和回应。他的回应态度可分为三个阶段,集中起来就是:中国和亚洲大多数国家一直受欧美列强的欺凌,而“黄祸”论正是列强分割中国、争霸亚洲的借口。他强调中国爱好和平,革命成功后会实行“开放主义”;而开发富源和发展经济,不仅能养活自己,还会为人类造福。晚年他坚决主张反对帝国主义,废除一切不平等条约,与一切受压迫的民族和国家互相扶助,维护人类正义与世界和平。他关于未来的战争不是“人种”之战,而是“受屈者”与“横暴者”之战的观点尤其精辟。

  3. Faux et usage de faux. Sur le bilinguisme chinois de René Leys

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juliette Salabert

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Cet article a pour objectif de démontrer que le bilinguisme franco-chinois de René Leys, contrepoint burlesque à l’hiératisme orchestrédans Stèles, joue du faux et de la contrefaçon. L’étude se construit autour de la dualité et de la duplicité de la traduction, reflétée par les deux caractères inauguraux du roman : Da Nei. Dépliant à un lecteur non sinisant l’ « infra » chinois du texte, l’article a à cœur de montrer ses pièges et ses leurres et d’analyser comment le recours au bilinguisme vient ici aider à désorienter, dans un jeu parodique, le romanesque occidental.This article aims to prove that the process of bilingualism used in Segalen’s novel, René Leys, is a burlesque counterpoint to the French-Chinese language in Stèles, Segalen’s collection of poems. The bilingualism in the novel is based on the singular game of forgery and counterfeiting. Starting from the equivocal meaning of the two Chinese characters, Da Nei, opening the book, this study analyses the duality and double dealing of the translation. This article seeks to explain to a non-Chinese-speaking audience the “infra” language created by the use of Chinese in the text, and reveals the snares and the deliberately placed linguistic games. In the end, this article attempts to convey understanding of how this elaborate style of the East is also a way for the author to offer commentary, through parody, on the position of the novel in the West.Este artículo pretende demostrar que el bilingüismo sino-francés de René Leys, contrapunto burlesco al hieratismo orquestado en Stèles, se vale de lo ilusorio y de la falsificación. El estudio está construido a partir de la dualidad y la duplicidad de la traducción, reflejada por los caracteres iniciales de la novela : Da Nei. Develando a un lector no sinófilo lo “infra” chino del texto, el artículo se esfuerza en mostrar las trampas y sus anzuelos presentes, y en analizar cómo el

  4. 绍兴鲁迅故居风水浅析%Analysis Of Feng-Shui Of Shaoxing Lu Xun's Former Residence

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张耀升; 罗一萍

    2016-01-01

    中国传统民居营建过程中包含着风水的思想,本文以绍兴周家新台门出卖给东邻朱家前绘制的平面图为研究对象,从周边环境、宅形、营建理念等对绍兴鲁迅故居进行风水浅析。%The construction of Chinese traditional houses include the idea of Feng-shui.The Building plan before the sale of Shaoxing Lu Xun's former residence. Based on this, the paper analysis of Feng-shui of Shaoxing Lu Xun's former residence from the surounding environment, the house shape, the theory of construction.

  5. 论风景园林设计中的风水观%The Outlook of Feng-shui in Landscape Architecture Design

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王一飞; 马英豪; 叶文学; 郝应林

    2013-01-01

      在分析了风水学的科学性和民俗文化性的基础上,提出了树立和弘扬全新的风水观才能使风水学在现代中国民族风景园林设计中发挥其应有的作用。%  On the analysis of the geomantic learn is scientific and the folk custom culture, on the basis of the proposed set up and carry forward the new concept of Feng-shui to Feng-shui in the landscape design of mod⁃ern Chinese people play its proper role.

  6. 傅友丰教授治疗闭经经验%Experience of FU You-feng Professor Treatment Amenorrhea

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周红光

    2012-01-01

    对傅友丰教授治疗闭经临床经验进行总结,介绍其治病特色.傅友丰教授治疗闭经强调辨证分虚实;补肾调周,采用中药建立人工周期;补肾填精,健脾和中贯穿始终等方法,取得很好的临床效果,值得临床推广应用.%This paper summarized FU You-feng professor of clinical experience in the treatment of amenorrhea, introduced her Cure characteristics. FUYou-feng professor emphasize that syndrome differentiation distinguish deficiency and exces; nourish kidney use of Chinese medicine build artificial cycle and nourish kidney replenishing essence. Acquired very good clinical effect and deserved clinical application.

  7. [Mining analysis and experience summary for chronic atrophic gastritis cases treated by Professor LIU Feng-bin].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hou, Zheng-kun; Liu, Feng-bin; Li, Pei-wu; Zhuang, Kun-hai

    2015-06-01

    To summarize Professor LIU Feng-bin's clinical experience and theoretical thoughts on chronic atrophic gastritis (CAG), the study group designed a retrospective study on his case series and expert interview. First of all, the data of CAG patients treated in the First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine between 2009 and 2013, e. g. herbs, diseases, syndrome type, prescription amount and number of herbs, was collected and processed. The statistical description and binary logistic regression were used to determined the syndrome type, initial basic remedy and modification. During the statistics, a complete and sub-group analysis was performed simultaneously. After the expert interview, the syndrome type and medication were finalized. As a result, a total of 228 CAG patients aged at (50.30 ± 10.18) were collected, including 151 males (66.23%). Of them, the TCM diagnosis and syndrome type were extracted from the information of 157 patients, including 115 cases with gastric stuffiness, 23 cases with gastric pain, 19 missing cases, 2 cases with spleen-stomach weakness syndrome, 57 cases with spleen deficiency and dampness-heat syndrome, 18 cases with spleen-stomach disharmony syndrome, 23 cases with syndrome of liver depression syndrome, 21 cases with liver qi invading stomach syndrome and 26 qi and yin deficiency syndrome, respectively. All of the 228 patients used totally 104 herbs, while the subgroups with 157 patients used 94 herbs. The most frequently used 15 herbs used in each groups were analyzed to determine the initial basic remedy and modification. Subsequently, based on the information of the sub-groups with 157 patients, with the syndrome type as the dependent variable, the logistic regression analysis was made on the most frequently used 32 herbs, in order to determined the modification in herbs for different syndrome types. After experts reviewed and modified, they believed the main causes of CAG were dietary irregularities

  8. 论我国古代城市规划中的风水观%The Feng-shui Theory in the Urban Planning of Ancient China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵景伟

    2011-01-01

    风水在我国城市选址、城市规划、建筑设计、园林设计和营造中都有所体现,中国古都风貌的精髓就是在古代城市规划布局中所体现出来的风水观念。《周易》、《管子》以及道家思想,是中国古代风水理论产生的思想背景,其阴阳哲学思想在古代城市规划中具有非常显著的运用,风水理论所体现的生态观念仍然是现代城市规划的目标之一。正确运用风水理论中科学的观念去正确处理城市规划和环境问题,是当前国内外规划和设计人员所面临的任务。%The theory of Feng-shui, the essence of Chinese ancient city landscape, was adequately reflected in the urban location, the urban planning, architectural design, gardening design and building in ancient China. The Yin-Yang philosophy in Feng-shui theory, which is derived from the thoughts of Zhouyi, Guanzi and Taoism, was widely applied in ancient urban planning, and the ecological idea in Feng-shui is applicable even in today's urban planning. It is believed that ideas in Feng-shui theory should be used scientifically to solve the environment problem coming of urban planning and desig ning, with which designers and planners home and abroad are confronted.

  9. 雷锋精神与竞技体育道德重塑%Spirit of Lei Feng and the Competitive Sports Moral Reconstruction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋惠娟

    2012-01-01

    运用文献资料法和逻辑分析法,对雷锋精神视角下的我国竞技体育道德重塑进行深入研究。首先简析了雷锋精神的时代内涵。其次对雷锋精神视角下的我国竞技体育理论道德缺失特征进行了全面分析,其中主要包括:不敬业而敬"金",诚信和公平竞赛精神的缺失;崇尚形象,抛弃节俭,甚至不计成本;个人与集体矛盾重重三大方面。最后,指出了以雷锋精神重塑我国竞技体育道德的相关对策与建议。%With the research methods of literature study and logical analysis,the paper has an in-depth study on the competitive sports moral reconstruction of China from the perspective of Lei Feng spirit.The paper analyses the time connotation of LEI Feng Spirit and has a comprehensive analysis of moral deficiency of competitive sport theory in China from the perspective of LEI Feng Spirit.The paper proposes the reasons of the deficiency,such as more thinking of money than work,lack of the spirit of faith and fair competition;image advocating,thrift abandoning and the conflicts between the individual and the group.The paper,points out the countermeasures and suggestions about the reconstruction of China's competitive sports morality through LEI Feng Spirit.

  10. La reducción de lo posible. René Thom y el determinismo causal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miguel Espinoza

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available La tesis principal de este ensayo estipula que el determinismo causal es una propiedad de la naturaleza y el primer principio de la inteligibilidad natural. El desarrollo de esta tesis utiliza como hilo conductor el pensamiento de René Thom. Esto significa que el determinismo causal se examina en su relación con la estabilidad y la inestabilidad, el desafío de la mecánica cuántica, las raíces aporéticas de la ciencia tal como la dualidad determinismo-indeterminismo, y finalmente, en su relación con el método para ponerlo de manifiesto, es decir la reducción de lo posible.

  11. Dem Sog der Arbeit widerstehen. Leben im egalitären Modell

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aschermann Ellen

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available Die Autorinnen untersuchen die Einschätzungen von deutschschweizer Ehepaaren und ihren heranwachsenden Kindern zum Leben in einem egalitären Familienmodell. Die Längsschnittstudie umfasst dabei einen Zeitraum von 10 Jahren. In halbstrukturierten Interviews werden die Veränderungen in der Organisation in Arbeits-, Haushalts- und Familienbereich erhoben und mittels qualitativer Analyse strukturiert. Der erste Band enthält die theoretischen Grundlagen und die Befunde zu den Veränderungen bei den Eltern. Im zweiten Band wird auf die Erfahrungen der Kinder eingegangen, die in diesen Familien aufwuchsen. Auch sie wurden mit halbstrukturierten Interviews befragt. Zusätzlich wird die Kinderperspektive mit einer stärker traditionell aufwachsenden Kontrollgruppe verglichen.

  12. YU Ren-cun(郁仁存)——A Famous Oncologist in Integrative Medicine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    @@ YU Ren-cun was born on August 1,1934.After graduating from Jiangxi Medical College in 1955,he took part in the very first Western Doctors' Class for Learning Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) held in Beijing from March 1959 to December 1961.Prof.YU systematically learned TCM while taking this class.Since 1962,he has been working in the Beijing Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine,eventually being promoted to a Chief Physician by the Beijing Municipal Government in May of 1981.In 1997,Prof.YU was selected as a well-known veteran for the National TCM Doctor Inheritance Work by the State Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine (SATCM).The State Council of China has awarded him a special subsidy every month for his excellent work.

  13. On the Modern Enlightenment of Guan Zhong's Financial and Tax Ideas%管仲财税思想的现代观点分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王宣植

    2009-01-01

    管仲的财税思想在治国方略、财政收入政策、财政支出政策上的应用,既保证了充足的财政收入,叉深得民心,为齐桓公称霸中原打下了良好的经济基础,对于今天中国财税政策的制定和实施·也有很重要的现实意义.%The appliance of Guan Zhong's ideas in finance and taxation in the field of country manage-ment, financial revenue and expenditure policy, not only ensured sufficient revenue but also won the support of people and thus laid a good economic foundation for Qi Huan Marquis's domination. It also has very important practical significance for the formulation and implementation of Chinese financial and taxation policies today.

  14. The RenTg mice: a powerful tool to study renin-dependent chronic kidney disease.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anne-Cecile Huby

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Several studies have shown that activation of the renin-angiotensin system may lead to hypertension, a major risk factor for the development of chronic kidney disease (CKD. The existing hypertension-induced CDK mouse models are quite fast and consequently away from the human pathology. Thus, there is an urgent need for a mouse model that can be used to delineate the pathogenic process leading to progressive renal disease. The objective of this study was dual: to investigate whether mice overexpressing renin could mimic the kinetics and the physiopathological characteristics of hypertension-induced renal disease and to identify cellular and/or molecular events characterizing the different steps of the progression of CKD. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: We used a novel transgenic strain, the RenTg mice harboring a genetically clamped renin transgene. At 3 months, heterozygous mice are hypertensive and slightly albuminuric. The expression of adhesion markers such as vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 and platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1 are increased in the renal vasculature indicating initiation of endothelial dysfunction. At 5 months, perivascular and periglomerular infiltrations of macrophages are observed. These early renal vascular events are followed at 8 months by leukocyte invasion, decreased expression of nephrin, increased expression of KIM-1, a typical protein of tubular cell stress, and of several pro-fibrotic agents of the TGFβ family. At 12 months, mice display characteristic structural alterations of hypertensive renal disease such as glomerular ischemia, glomerulo- and nephroangio-sclerosis, mesangial expansion and tubular dilation. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: The RenTg strain develops CKD progressively. In this model, endothelial dysfunction is an early event preceding the structural and fibrotic alterations which ultimately lead to the development of CKD. This model can provide new insights into the

  15. Concept Of Feng Shui In The Application Of Landscape Design%风水理念在园林设计中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    闫俊文; 刘庭风

    2016-01-01

    today, the landscape design should consider many aspects, feng shui is one of the important factors about the rationality of the landscape planning, even wil involve the problem of good or il luck, should be taken seriously, and strengthen the relevant theoretical research. This article first to feng shui theory and its basic principle to do a simple introduction, and from the site selection, landscape design, plant configure three aspects analyzes the practical application of the concept of feng shui.%如今园林设计要综合考虑很多方面,风水是其中一个重要因素,关乎园林规划的合理性,甚至会涉及到吉凶问题,应当引起重视,并加强相关理论研究。本文先对风水理论及其基本原则做了简单介绍,然后从选址立基、景观设计、植物配置三方面分析了风水理念的实际应用。

  16. 风水理论中的美学原则及审美取向%The Aesthetic Principles and Standards of Feng Shui Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖冠兰

    2012-01-01

    Feng Shui is the most important theory system of Chinese traditional culture to estimate the natural environment for site selection. The main aesthetic principles and standards of Feng Shui such as clear priorities, balance and stability, etc. will be analyzed in this paper. And it will also propose that the aesthetic principles and standards of Feng Shui theory play a guiding role in the organization and construction of the classical architectures.%本文通过分析风水理论中对自然环境的评价原则,指出其中所包含的“主次分明”、“均衡稳定”、“宽阔大气”、“屈曲灵动”等美学思想和审美取向及其对中国古典建筑的环境景观、空间构成、建筑群体组合等的指导作用。

  17. Study on the art of language of Feng Gong's sketch%冯巩小品语言艺术的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李馥君

    2013-01-01

    Feng Gong's sketch was a public concern, the main reason were the characteristics of the language approach, humorous joke, vivid interpretation. So his sketch loved by all of us. In this article, the language of Feng Gong's sketch in recent years are analyzed and explored by the voice pronunciation, vocabulary and sentence structure .And summarizes the expression features of the characteristics of the language of the Feng Gong's sketch.%冯巩的小品被大众所关注,主要是因为特色化的语言方式,诙谐幽默的笑料,生动形象的演绎,使得他的小品深受大家的喜爱。本文主要通过语音、词汇、句式方面将冯巩近几年小品的语言进行分析和探究,概括出冯巩小品特色化语言的表达特点。

  18. On the Style Transformation in Feng Chih's Poems before 1949%论冯至1949年前诗歌风格的转变

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨洋

    2013-01-01

    Before the year of 1949, Feng Chih's poetry writing went through a great transformation from "Romanticism Lyrics"to"Modernism Lyrics".The poetries written between 1920s and 1930s were different from those in 1940s in the intensity of the subject spirit's interposing , the description objects , and the implications .When Feng Chih was in Germany , he had been deeply influenced by Rilke, a German poet, and the philosophy of "existentialism"prevailing at that time in Germany , both of which had also played an innegligible part in the transformation of Feng Chih's poetic style .%冯至的诗歌创作在1949年前经历了一次由“浪漫主义抒情诗”向“现代主义抒情诗”的巨大转变,二十至三十年代的诗歌与四十年代的诗歌在主体精神的介入程度、描写对象和思想意蕴等方面发生了变化。在冯至留德期间,德语诗人里尔克以及盛行于当时德国的存在主义哲学对冯至的创作产生了巨大影响,并且在冯至诗风转变中起到不可忽视的作用。

  19. 钟肇政的客家文化与书写特征%Hakka Culture of Zhong Zhaozheng and Its Identity Writing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赖一郎

    2012-01-01

    1982年台湾文学评论界第一次提出“客家文学”,而早在20世纪50年代钟肇政就着手进行客家身份认同书写。钟肇政对客家文化的认识和认同有一个渐进的过程,这可以从他对客家山歌、采茶戏的书写中清晰地看到;而他的客家硬颈精神认同书写,则表达了客家人傲然立世的豪气;客家文化是一种典型的大陆文化,有着深切的土地情结。%In 1982, literacy critics in Taiwan first proposed "Hakka literature", while as early as in the 1950s, Zhong Zhao-zheng already set about Hakka identity writing. Zhong Zhao-zheng's awareness and recognition of the Hakka culture was a gradual process, which can be clearly seen from his writing of the Hakka folk songs and tea-picking operas. His identity writing of the Hakka stiff-necked spirit expressed their unyielding heroic spirit. Hakka culture is a typical continental culture, which has a profound land complex: The rise of the Hakka ethnic consciousness is the result of the development of Taiwan social pluralism. What is worthy of attention is, however, the existence of a right-wing local faction which deliberately stirs up ethnic consciousness and shows separatist tendencies.

  20. A Module Analysis Approach to Investigate Molecular Mechanism of TCM Formula: A Trial on Shu-feng-jie-du Formula

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jianglong Song

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available At the molecular level, it is acknowledged that a TCM formula is often a complex system, which challenges researchers to fully understand its underlying pharmacological action. However, module detection technique developed from complex network provides new insight into systematic investigation of the mode of action of a TCM formula from the molecule perspective. We here proposed a computational approach integrating the module detection technique into a 2-class heterogeneous network (2-HN which models the complex pharmacological system of a TCM formula. This approach takes three steps: construction of a 2-HN, identification of primary pharmacological units, and pathway analysis. We employed this approach to study Shu-feng-jie-du (SHU formula, which aimed at discovering its molecular mechanism in defending against influenza infection. Actually, four primary pharmacological units were identified from the 2-HN for SHU formula and further analysis revealed numbers of biological pathways modulated by the four pharmacological units. 24 out of 40 enriched pathways that were ranked in top 10 corresponding to each of the four pharmacological units were found to be involved in the process of influenza infection. Therefore, this approach is capable of uncovering the mode of action underlying a TCM formula via module analysis.

  1. Streptomyces pactum assisted phytoremediation in Zn/Pb smelter contaminated soil of Feng County and its impact on enzymatic activities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ali, Amjad; Guo, Di; Mahar, Amanullah; Ma, Fang; Li, Ronghua; Shen, Feng; Wang, Ping; Zhang, Zengqiang

    2017-04-01

    Anthropogenic activities, such as industrial expansion, smelting, mining and agricultural practices, have intensified the discharge of potentially toxic trace elements (PTEs) into the environment, threatening human health and other organisms. To assist phytoremediation by sorghum in soil contaminated by smelters/mines in Feng County (FC), a pot experiment was performed to examine the phytoremediation potential of Streptomyces pactum (Act12) + biochar. The results showed that root uptake of Zn and Cd was reduced by 45 and 22%, respectively, while the uptake of Pb and Cu increased by 17 and 47%, respectively. The shoot and root dry weight and chlorophyll content improved after Act12 inoculation. β-glucosidase, alkaline phosphatase and urease activities in soil improved and antioxidant activities (POD, PAL, PPO) decreased after application of Act12 + biochar due to a reduction in stress from PTEs. BCF, TF and MEA confirmed the role of Act12 in the amelioration and translocation of PTEs. PCA analysis showed a correlation between different factors that affect the translocation of PTEs. Overall, Act12 promoted the phytoremediation of PTEs. Field experiments on Act12 + biochar may provide new insights into the rehabilitation and restoration of soils contaminated by mines.

  2. Research Review on Pu Feng and the Others%蒲风研究综述及其他

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨俏凡

    2012-01-01

    蒲风是20世纪30年代重要的左翼诗人,是中国诗歌会的骨干人物,但当下的学术界一直缺少对他的关注。通过对蒲风的创作情况、蒲风的研究现状以及蒲风研究的意义三个方面进行介绍分析,以方便更多的研究者去探究蒲风的艺术世界。%Pu Feng was an important leftwing poet in 1930s. He was regarded as the backbone in China Poetry Association. But the current academic circle had not paid much attention to him and his works for a long time. This article makes an introductory analysis its significance in order to help more on the base of the poet himself, his writing career, current study on him and researchers enter his literature world.

  3. Streptomyces pactum assisted phytoremediation in Zn/Pb smelter contaminated soil of Feng County and its impact on enzymatic activities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ali, Amjad; Guo, Di; Mahar, Amanullah; Ma, Fang; Li, Ronghua; Shen, Feng; Wang, Ping; Zhang, Zengqiang

    2017-01-01

    Anthropogenic activities, such as industrial expansion, smelting, mining and agricultural practices, have intensified the discharge of potentially toxic trace elements (PTEs) into the environment, threatening human health and other organisms. To assist phytoremediation by sorghum in soil contaminated by smelters/mines in Feng County (FC), a pot experiment was performed to examine the phytoremediation potential of Streptomyces pactum (Act12) + biochar. The results showed that root uptake of Zn and Cd was reduced by 45 and 22%, respectively, while the uptake of Pb and Cu increased by 17 and 47%, respectively. The shoot and root dry weight and chlorophyll content improved after Act12 inoculation. β-glucosidase, alkaline phosphatase and urease activities in soil improved and antioxidant activities (POD, PAL, PPO) decreased after application of Act12 + biochar due to a reduction in stress from PTEs. BCF, TF and MEA confirmed the role of Act12 in the amelioration and translocation of PTEs. PCA analysis showed a correlation between different factors that affect the translocation of PTEs. Overall, Act12 promoted the phytoremediation of PTEs. Field experiments on Act12 + biochar may provide new insights into the rehabilitation and restoration of soils contaminated by mines. PMID:28387235

  4. The powdery mildew resistance gene REN1 co-segregates with an NBS-LRR gene cluster in two Central Asian grapevines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Morgante Michele

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Grape powdery mildew is caused by the North American native pathogen Erysiphe necator. Eurasian Vitis vinifera varieties were all believed to be susceptible. REN1 is the first resistance gene naturally found in cultivated plants of Vitis vinifera. Results REN1 is present in 'Kishmish vatkana' and 'Dzhandzhal kara', two grapevines documented in Central Asia since the 1920's. These cultivars have a second-degree relationship (half sibs, grandparent-grandchild, or avuncular, and share by descent the chromosome on which the resistance allele REN1 is located. The REN1 interval was restricted to 1.4 cM using 38 SSR markers distributed across the locus and the segregation of the resistance phenotype in two progenies of collectively 461 offspring, derived from either resistant parent. The boundary markers delimit a 1.4-Mbp sequence in the PN40024 reference genome, which contains 27 genes with known functions, 2 full-length coiled-coil NBS-LRR genes, and 9 NBS-LRR pseudogenes. In the REN1 locus of PN40024, NBS genes have proliferated through a mixture of segmental duplications, tandem gene duplications, and intragenic recombination between paralogues, indicating that the REN1 locus has been inherently prone to producing genetic variation. Three SSR markers co-segregate with REN1, the outer ones confining the 908-kb array of NBS-LRR genes. Kinship and clustering analyses based on genetic distances with susceptible cultivars representative of Central Asian Vitis vinifera indicated that 'Kishmish vatkana' and 'Dzhandzhal kara' fit well into local germplasm. 'Kishmish vatkana' also has a parent-offspring relationship with the seedless table grape 'Sultanina'. In addition, the distant genetic relatedness to rootstocks, some of which are derived from North American species resistant to powdery mildew and have been used worldwide to guard against phylloxera since the late 1800's, argues against REN1 being infused into Vitis vinifera from a

  5. Dormancy Properties of Paeonia ostii ‘Feng Dan’%凤丹种子休眠特性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭丽萍; 张延龙; 牛立新; 罗建让

    2016-01-01

    This research focused on the dormancy traits of the seeds of a tree peony cultivar,Paeonia ostii ‘Feng Dan’,by studying the water permeability of the seed coat,form and vitality of the seed embryo as well as activity of the endogenous inhibitors.The results indicated that the seed coat hindered the speed of water absorption,but it did not affect the final water absorbance ratio of the seeds.The seeds were saturated after they were immersed in water for 48 hours,from which the germination rate would not be enhanced by de-coating or acid degradation treatments.The vitality of the mature seeds could reach to as high as 95.6%.However,the embryos were not fully developed,stratification treatment should be carried out to accelerate embryo differentiation and to finish post-mature process.The endogenous inhibitors contained both in seed coat and embryo had significant inhibiting effects on seeds of Brassica pekeinensis and peony it self.The contents and the types of endogenous inhibitors in seed coat were different from those in seed embryo.Extraneous hormone GA3 with a concentration of 300 mg · L-1 could enhance the seed germination rate.In conclusion,the seed dormancy of P.ostii ‘Feng Dan’ was a comprehensive result caused by the im maturity of seeds and the inhibitors.%以凤丹种子(Paeonia ostii)为试验材料,通过对凤丹种子种皮透水性、种胚形态和生活力、种子内源抑制物质活性的测定,研究凤丹种子休眠特性.结果表明:凤丹种皮降低种子吸水速度,但不影响最终吸水率,完整种子浸种56 h种子吸水基本达到饱和,对凤丹种皮进行酸蚀或去皮处理不会提高萌发率,凤丹种皮不是休眠的主要原因;成熟的凤丹种子生活力达95.6%,但种胚发育不完全,其需经过一定时间的层积,种胚才能不断生长分化,完成后熟;种皮和胚乳中含有的萌发抑制物质对白菜种子和自身种子萌发有显著抑制作用,且种皮和胚乳中的

  6. Zur Bedeutung der linksventrikulären Hypertrophie bei arterieller Hypertonie im Praxisalltag - Focus auf das LIL-Projekt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eber B

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Bei Hypertrophie des Herzens im Rahmen einer essentiellen Hypertonie, häufiger vorkommend bei sekundären Hypertonieformen, nimmt das Risiko für Morbidität und Mortalität signifikant zu. Dies sollte in der Praxis wesentlich mehr Beachtung finden. Eine Regression der linksventrikulären Hypertrophie kann durch alle antihypertensiven Maßnahmen erzielt werden, dadurch wird die Prognose der Hypertoniker verbessert. Die Wahl des richtigen Antihypertensivums und eine eher höhere Dosierung sind weitere entscheidende Kriterien für ein besseres Outcome. Losartan erfüllt diese Anforderungen auch aus ökonomischer Sicht, vor allem in der Tagesdosierung von 100 mg in Kombination mit Hydrochlorothiazid (HCTZ, wie EBM-Trials nachweisen konnten (z. B. LIFE-Studie. In dem österreichweiten LIIFE-IN-LIFE- (LIL- Projekt konnten diese Erkenntnisse erstmals in die Praxis umgesetzt werden, wie erste Analysen ergaben.

  7. Measurement of the 187Re(n,2n)186mRe Destruction Cross-section

    Science.gov (United States)

    Casarella, C. R.; Kelley, J. H.; Raut, R.; Howell, C.; Rusev, G.; Tonchev, A. P.; Kwan, E.; Tornow, W.; Karwowski, H. J.; Hammond, S. L.; Kondev, F. G.; Zhu, S.

    2010-11-01

    We are continuing a program to measure cross sections for ^187Re(n,2nγ) reactions with particular interest in confirming a transition that has tentatively been identified as a doorway transition feeding the ^186Re Ex=149(7) keV isomeric state. The cross sections are being measured using pulsed, nearly mono-energetic neutron beams, as well as an array of planar HPGe γ-ray detectors. At present, the reaction cross sections for ^187Re(n,2nγ) are poorly known, so measuring the cross sections have positive implications, for example, on reactor physics since Re is a common fission fragment. Furthermore, refining the cross section measurements may reduce uncertainties in the Re/Os cosmochronometer. Funding provided by NSF grant NSF-PHY-08-51813.

  8. Nougé (Paul), René Magritte (in extenso). Préface d’Olivier Smolders

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    Alors que les commémorations du centenaire de la naissance de René Magritte vont bon train, nous revenons à un livre publié par Didier Devillez en 1997. L’éditeur y a rassemblé des textes écrits par celui qui fut le mentor de l’artiste au moment décisif de l’orientation qu’il avait prise dans sa peinture, ce qui devrait nous valoir un portrait de Magritte sous l’œil de Nougé. En intitulant son livre René Magritte (in extenso), Didier Devillez s’engageait à donner une sorte de publication inté...

  9. The ecological wisdom of Guan Zhong and its enlightenment for Chinese ecological civilization con-struction%管子的生态智慧及其对当代中国生态文明建设的启示

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程必定

    2014-01-01

    The ecological wisdom of Guan Zhong, which was developed in practice, includes ecological phi-losophy wisdom, ecological ethical wisdom, ecological economic wisdom and the wisdom used in the field of social, cultural and political. The ecological wisdom of Guan Zhong has important enlightenment effect in the construction of ecological civilization in contemporary China.%管仲在相齐实践中形成了丰富的生态智慧,包括生态哲学智慧、生态伦理智慧、生态经济智慧以及将它们运用于社会、文化乃至政治领域的智慧。在当代中国生态文明建设中,管子的生态智慧仍具有重要的启迪意义。

  10. Screening active components from Yu-ping-feng-san for regulating initiative key factors in allergic sensitization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shen, Dandan; Xie, Xuejian; Zhu, Zhijie; Yu, Xi; Liu, Hailiang; Wang, Huizhu; Fan, Hongwei; Wang, Dawei; Jiang, Guorong; Hong, Min

    2014-01-01

    Yu-ping-feng-san (YPFS) is a Chinese medical formula that is used clinically for allergic diseases and characterized by reducing allergy relapse. Our previous studies demonstrated that YPFS efficiently inhibited T helper 2 cytokines in allergic inflammation. The underlying mechanisms of action of YPFS and its effective components remain unclear. In this study, it was shown that YPFS significantly inhibited production of thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP), an epithelial cell-derived initiative factor in allergic inflammation, in vitro and in vivo. A method of human bronchial epithelial cell (16HBE) binding combined with HPLC-MS (named 16HBE-HPLC-MS) was established to explore potential active components of YPFS. The following five components bound to 16HBE cells: calycosin-7-glucoside, ononin, claycosin, sec-o-glucosylhamaudol and formononetin. Serum from YPFS-treated mice was analyzed and three major components were detected claycosin, formononetin and cimifugin. Among these, claycosin and formononetin were detected by 16HBE-HPLC-MS and in the serum of YPFS-treated mice. Claycosin and formononetin decreased the level of TSLP markedly at the initial stage of allergic inflammation in vivo. Nuclear factor (NF)-κB, a key transcription factor in TSLP production, was also inhibited by claycosin and formononetin, either in terms of transcriptional activation or its nuclear translocation in vitro. Allergic inflammation was reduced by claycosin and formononetin when they are administered only at the initial stage in a murine model of atopic contact dermatitis. Thus, epithelial cell binding combined with HPLC-MS is a valid method for screening active components from complex mixtures of Chinese medicine. It was demonstrated that the compounds screened from YPFS significantly attenuated allergic inflammation probably by reducing TSLP production via regulating NF-κB activation.

  11. Suan Zao Ren Tang as an Original Treatment for Sleep Difficulty in Climacteric Women: A Prospective Clinical Observation

    OpenAIRE

    Chia-Hao Yeh; Arnold, Christof K.; Yen-Hui Chen; Jung-Nein Lai

    2011-01-01

    Little scientific evidence supports the efficacy of herbal medicines in the treatment of women with sleep difficulty during the climacteric period. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of Suan Zao Ren Tang (SZRT) in reducing the impact of sleep disturbance on climacteric women, as measured by Pittsburg sleep quality index (PSQI) and the World Health Organization quality of life (WHOQOL). Sixty-seven climacteric women with sleep difficulty intending to treat receive...

  12. Sanãtana dharma / René Guénon ; tõlkinud ja kommenteerinud Haljand Udam

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Guénon, René

    2004-01-01

    René Guénoni essee "Sanãtana dharma" ilmus 1949. a. ja uuesti 1989. a. raamatus "Études sur ľhindouisme" lk. 105-116 ja käsitleb mõiste "sanãtana dharma" ja "philosophia perennis" tõlgendusi ja tähendust. Esseele on lisatud põhjalik tõlkijapoolne kommentaar

  13. René-Just Haüy (1743-1822) et la naissance de la cristallographie

    OpenAIRE

    Maitte, Bernard

    2001-01-01

    International audience; This article is a contribution to the contextualization of René-Just Haüy's work in crystallography describing the genesis and the evolution of his ideas. I show how the "main-idea" of a periodic repetition of "integrant molecules" allows him to construct a structure for all crystals, to define "rational truncations" and "symmetry laws" and to submit observations to the theory requirements. Consequently, a new geometric science is built, but it seems to be in conflict ...

  14. Sanãtana dharma / René Guénon ; tõlkinud ja kommenteerinud Haljand Udam

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Guénon, René

    2004-01-01

    René Guénoni essee "Sanãtana dharma" ilmus 1949. a. ja uuesti 1989. a. raamatus "Études sur ľhindouisme" lk. 105-116 ja käsitleb mõiste "sanãtana dharma" ja "philosophia perennis" tõlgendusi ja tähendust. Esseele on lisatud põhjalik tõlkijapoolne kommentaar

  15. Analisis Kepribadian Tokoh Utama Pada Roman Kisah Tiga Kerajaan Karya Luo Guan Zhong Berdasarkan Psikologi Sastra. 《三国演义》中刘备、曹操、孙权形象研究

    OpenAIRE

    Siregar, Sheyra Silvia

    2011-01-01

    The title of this research is “Analisis Aspek Kepribadian Tokoh Utama Pada Roman Kisah Tiga Kerajaan Karya Luo Guan Zhong Berdasarkan Psikologi Sastra.” This research analyzes the main characters which are based on intrinsic approach and extrinsic approaches: Literature Psychology. The aim of this research is to analyze the characteristics of main characters intrinsic approach such as theme, plot, setting, point of view, and characterization. Then the description individuali...

  16. Discuss on Zhong Rongs Theory and Integrity of Poetry:Focused on The Preface of Shi Pin%论钟嵘的诗学观--以《诗品序》为中心

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘芳

    2015-01-01

    钟嵘诗歌理论在中国古代诗论的发展史上占有非常重要的地位。《诗品序》是钟嵘《诗品》中的一篇重要诗论。以《诗品序》为中心剖析钟嵘的诗学观,即:追求自然美的“自然英旨说”;情与物之“滋味说”;定品第显优劣及诗者发泄哀怨凄苍的“风力说”。%Zhong Rongs poetry theory has an important position in the development history of Chinese ancient poetry theory.The Preface of Shi Pin is an important poetics in Zhong Rongs Shi Pin .This paper starts from Zhong Rong himself,seeking the personality of his main crea-tion figures,and focusing on The Preface of Shi Pin to analyze the Zhong Rongs poetics,that is the following three major characteristics:the first is from the perspective of nature,to pur-sue true feelings expression on natural beauty;the second is from the perspective of emotion, the perceiving emotion and substances;the third is from the perspective of poems quality,to mark the rank based on the quality of poems,and to give vent to the plaintive expression for grief,resentment.

  17. 在现代与传统之间%Between Modernity and Tradition ——On the Characteristics of Yu Guang-zhong's Poetry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄永林

    2001-01-01

    余光中的诗融会了西方现代文化的灵性和中国传统文化的神韵,在传统与现代、历史与现实之间走出了一条属于自己的现代主义诗歌的创作道路,具有鲜明特征。在内容上,表现出强烈的“中国情结”和“乡愁母题”特征,体现出强烈的中华民族意识和坦诚的人生情怀。在艺术上,将西方现代诗艺与中国传统诗歌精神相融合,一方面受西方象征主义、存在主义和超现实主义的影响,另一方面借助于中国古代诗词传统的联想、象征手法和结构的优点,在表现现代人自身的主体意识方面有很大的突破。他的诗构思巧妙、想象丰富、追求诗的整齐,讲究诗的和谐,强调诗的节奏韵律,创造了与中国语言文字特点相结合的民族化的诗歌艺术美,赋予了现代新诗活力。%Blending the charm of Chinese traditional culture and theintelligence of modern western culture in his poetry, Yu Guang-zhong has blazed his own trail of peotry writing of modernism, which goes between the paths of convention and modernity as well as between the paths of history and reality. Yu Guang-zhong's poetry possessed the following distinctive characteristics: as to the content, his poetry always focuses on the theme of nostalgia cherished by overseas Chinese, which represents intense love for life. As to his means of artistic expression, being greatly influenced by the symbolism, existentialism , and super-realism in the west as well as association, symbol and structure in classic Chinese poetry, he combines the spirits of traditional Chinese poetry with techniques of modern western poetry. By this means, he has made a breakthrough in expressing the self-consciousness of modern individuals. With the ingenious plot, abundant imagination, neat structure, harmonious form and melodious rhythm and rhyme, Yu Guang-zhong's poetry exhibits the poetic beauty which is closely related to the features of

  18. The Adhesion of Lactobacillus salivarius REN to a Human Intestinal Epithelial Cell Line Requires S-layer Proteins

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Ran; Jiang, Lun; Zhang, Ming; Zhao, Liang; Hao, Yanling; Guo, Huiyuan; Sang, Yue; Zhang, Hao; Ren, Fazheng

    2017-01-01

    Lactobacillus salivarius REN, a novel probiotic isolated from Chinese centenarians, can adhere to intestinal epithelial cells and subsequently colonize the host. We show here that the surface-layer protein choline-binding protein A (CbpA) of L. salivarius REN was involved in adherence to the human colorectal adenocarcinoma cell line HT-29. Adhesion of a cbpA deletion mutant was significantly reduced compared with that of wild-type, suggesting that CbpA acts as an adhesin that mediates the interaction between the bacterium and its host. To identify the molecular mechanism of adhesion, we determined the crystal structure of a truncated form of CbpA that is likely involved in binding to its cell-surface receptor. The crystal structure identified CbpA as a peptidase of the M23 family whose members harbor a zinc-dependent catalytic site. Therefore, we propose that CbpA acts as a multifunctional surface protein that cleaves the host extracellular matrix and participates in adherence. Moreover, we identified enolase as the CbpA receptor on the surface of HT-29 cells. The present study reveals a new class of surface-layer proteins as well as the molecular mechanism that may contribute to the ability of L. salivarius REN to colonize the human gut. PMID:28281568

  19. “中”、“和”、与“中和”——论礼乐的核心精神%"Zhong ( 中 ) ", "He ( 和 )" and "Zhong He ( 中和)" --On the Core Thought of Chinese Rites and Music

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯兵

    2011-01-01

    “中”、“和”的字形字义主要源于古老的礼乐传统,是华夏民族生存智慧与人文理性的凝练与展现,并构成了礼乐的价值内核。“中”强调的是经权相济的经验智慧,为礼乐实践的根本依据;“和”追求的是天人合一的和谐理想,乃礼乐生活的价值旨归。礼乐之“中和”精神的形成有着本体论和方法论两个层面的意义,不仅体现出了华夏民族对于真、善、美的理解与推崇,更是构成了中国传统礼乐文化的核心精神,乃其得以绵延发展的原动力。%The form and meaning of Chinese words "Zhong ( 中 ) " and "He (和) ", originated from the ancient traditions of Chinese rites and music, reflects the Chinese existence wisdom and humanism and constitutes the core values of Chinese rites and music. The Chinese word "Zhong (中) " focus on the experience and wisdom of being flexible to the regulations and is a basis for practice of rites and music ; and "He (和) " is a harmonious idea about the Chinese theory of oneness of man and nature expressing values in rites and music life. The "Zhong and He" thought of the rites and music has two meanings in ontology and methodology, which reflects the Chinese understanding and esteem to the truth, the goodness and the esthetics, and constitutes the core of traditional culture of Chinese rites and music.

  20. Structural, electronic, mechanical and magnetic properties of rare earth nitrides REN (RE= Pm, Eu and Yb)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Murugan, A. [Department of physics, N.M.S.S.V.N college, Madurai, Tamilnadu 625019 (India); Rajeswarapalanichamy, R., E-mail: rrpalanichamy@gmail.com [Department of physics, N.M.S.S.V.N college, Madurai, Tamilnadu 625019 (India); Santhosh, M. [Department of physics, N.M.S.S.V.N college, Madurai, Tamilnadu 625019 (India); Iyakutti, K. [Department of physics and Nanotechnology, SRM University, Chennai, Tamilnadu 603203. India. (India)

    2015-07-01

    The structural, electronic and mechanical properties of rare earth nitrides REN (RE=Pm, Eu and Yb) are investigated in NaCl and CsCl, and zinc blende structures using first principles calculations based on density functional theory. The calculated lattice parameters are in good agreement with the available results. Among the considered structures, these nitrides are most stable in NaCl structure. A pressure induced structural phase transition from NaCl to CsCl phase is observed in all these nitrides. The electronic structure reveals that these rare earth nitrides are half metallic at normal pressure. These nitrides are found to be covalent and ionic in the stable phase. The computed elastic constants indicate that these nitrides are mechanically stable and elastically anisotropic. Our results confirm that these nitrides are ferromagnetic in nature. A ferromagnetic to non-magnetic phase transition is observed at the pressures of 21.5 GPa and 46.1 GPa in PmN and YbN respectively. - Highlights: • Rare earth nitrides PmN, EuN and YbN are found to be ferromagnetic in nature. • Electronic, structural, elastic and mechanical properties of rare earth nitrides are investigated. • A pressure induced structural phase transition is predicted under high pressure. • Electronic structure reveals that these materials exhibit half-metallic behavior. • Computed elastic moduli obey the mechanical stability condition.

  1. Faculté des sciences de Bordeaux, René-André Coulon architecte

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Franck Delorme

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Au sortir de la seconde guerre mondiale, les facultés bordelaises étouffent dans leurs locaux du centre-ville édifiés sous la troisième République. Un ambitieux programme de transferts des établissements universitaires vers les banlieues de Pessac, Talence et Gradignan se met en place à partir des années 1950. L’architecte René-André Coulon (1908-1997 conçoit la faculté des sciences de Bordeaux, envisagée alors comme une véritable faculté « pour l’an 2000 ». Tout en disposant largement les différents bâtiments dans l’espace du campus, Coulon s’attache à leur donner un style original, tout empreint de rigueur et de rationalisme, mais qui montre également quelques écarts notables avec les normes régissant alors les constructions universitaires. Talence est la première réalisation universitaire de Coulon, qui travaillera par la suite sur des programmes fort différents, qu’il s’agisse du campus de HEC à Jouy-en-Josas ou de celui de la faculté des sciences de Paris-centre avec Édouard Albert.

  2. Elementos para uma psicologia no pensamento de Søren Kierkegaard

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcos Ricardo Janzen

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo aborda o existencialismo vivido de Sören Kierkegaard, e aponta algumas questões importantes para uma relação com a psicologia. Iniciando com sua biografia, de vasta importância para o entendimento de sua obra, o presente artigo perpassa os três estágios demarcados por Kierkegaard que delineiam o agir do indivíduo, a saber, o estágio estético, o ético e o religioso. Então, a noção de indivíduo para o autor será esmiuçada, quesito central para a relação entre Kierkegaard e a Psicologia. Na sequência, temas caros ao autor, como a verdade objetiva e a verdade subjetiva, assim como a angústia e o desespero serão tratados de modo a poder nos fornecer possíveis relações com a psicologia e o fazer psicológico, relações essas que podemos inferir através dos temas que marcam o empreendimento kierkegaardiano.

  3. Objectivity, abstraction, and the individual: the influence of Søren Kierkegaard on Paul Feyerabend.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kidd, Ian James

    2011-03-01

    This paper explores the influence of Søren Kierkegaard upon Paul Feyerabend by examining their common criticisms of totalising accounts of human nature. Both complained that philosophical and scientific theories of human nature which were methodologically committed to objectivity and abstraction failed to capture the richness of human experience. Kierkegaard and Feyerabend argued that philosophy and the science were threatening to become obstacles to human development by imposing abstract theories of human nature and reality which denied the complexities of both. In both cases, this took the form of asserting an 'existential' criterion for the assessment of philosophical and scientific theories. Kierkegaard also made remarks upon the inappropriateness of applying natural scientific methods to human beings which Feyerabend later expanded and developed in his criticisms of the inability of the 'scientific world-view' to accommodate the values necessary to a flourishing human life. I conclude by noting some differences between Kierkegaard and Feyerabend's positions and by affirming the value of existential criticisms of scientific knowledge.

  4. Research and Measurement of Software Complexity Based on Wuli, Shili, Renli (WSR and Information Entropy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rong Jiang

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Complexity is an important factor throughout the software life cycle. It is increasingly difficult to guarantee software quality, cost and development progress with the increase in complexity. Excessive complexity is one of the main reasons for the failure of software projects, so effective recognition, measurement and control of complexity becomes the key of project management. At first, this paper analyzes the current research situation of software complexity systematically and points out existing problems in current research. Then, it proposes a WSR framework of software complexity, which divides the complexity of software into three levels of Wuli (WL, Shili (SL and Renli (RL, so that the staff in different roles may have a better understanding of complexity. Man is the main source of complexity, but the current research focuses on WL complexity, and the research of RL complexity is extremely scarce, so this paper emphasizes the research of RL complexity of software projects. This paper not only analyzes the composing factors of RL complexity, but also provides the definition of RL complexity. Moreover, it puts forward a quantitative measurement method of the complexity of personnel organization hierarchy and the complexity of personnel communication information based on information entropy first and analyzes and validates the scientificity and rationality of this measurement method through a large number of cases.

  5. Characterization of Thinopyrum intermedium Alien Chromosomes and Their Translocations in Wheat Derivatives of Zhong 5 by Multicolor Fluorescence in situ Hybridization

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhang Xueyong; Phillip M Banks; P.J. Larkin

    2000-01-01

    Z1, Z2, Z3, Z4, Z5 and Z6 are alien addition lines to wheat involving Thinopyrum intermedium chromosomes. We have characterized the Thinopyrum intermedium chromosomes or segments in these lines using multi-color florescence in situ hybridization. The probes used included total genomic DNA of Pseudoroegneria stipfolia (St) and cloned probes of highly tandem repetitive DNA pSc119. 2 and pAs1. Disomic addition lines Z1, Z2 and Z6 have the same single pair of alien chromo-somes carrying the resistant gene(s) to barley yellow dwarf virus (BYDV). This alien chromosome is a St/E translocation; within the long arm, there is a big insertion of an E-genome chromosomalsegment (30%). Disomic addition line Z3 carries one pair of St/E Robertsonian translocation chromosomes ; on the short arm (E) there is a nuclear organizer region, which expresses in some cells. In Z5, the added chromosome is one pair of translocated chromosomes. Chromosomes 2D, 3D and 3Stwere involved in the translocation with great possibility〔2IS · 3DL (0. 47) - 3StL (0. 53)〕. The St segment is responsible for resistance to leaf and stem rusts. Addition line Z4 also carries the translo cated chromosome found in Z5, but in addition carries one pair of 7AS (0. 64) - 7StS (0. 36) · 7StL translocation chromosomes. The 7St fragment bears the stripe rust resistance, and replaces the normal 7A. All of the translocations in Z1, Z2, Z6 and Z3 existed in one of their parents, the wheat Th. intermedium partial amphiploid, Zhong 5. The two wheat-Th. intermedium translocations in Z4 and Z5 occurred during the backcrossing of Zhong 5 to the other wheat varieties in the development of the addition lines. Spontaneous homoeologous translocations showed a close genome relationship between wheat and Th. intermedium. This paper also demonstrated the potential of highly repetitive sequences DNA in verification and characterization of translocation chromosomes.

  6. Characterization of Thinopyrum intermedium Alien Chromosomes and Their Translocations in Wheat Derivatives of Zhong 5 by Multicolor Fluorescence in situ Hybridization

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    Z1, Z2, Z3, Z4, Z5 and Z6 are alien addition lines to wheat involving Thinopyrum intermedium chromosomes. We have characterized the Thinopyrum intermedium chromosomes or segments in these lines using multi-color florescence in situ hybridization. The probes used included total genomic DNA of Pseudoroegneria stipfolia (St) and cloned probes of highly tandem repetitive DNA pSc119. 2 and pAs1. Disomic addition lines Z1, Z2 and Z6 have the same single pair of alien chromo-somes carrying the resistant gene(s) to barley yellow dwarf virus (BYDV). This alien chromosome is a St/E translocation; within the long arm, there is a big insertion of an E-genome chromosomalsegment (30%). Disomic addition line Z3 carries one pair of St/E Robertsonian translocation chromosomes ; on the short arm (E) there is a nuclear organizer region, which expresses in some cells. In Z5, the added chromosome is one pair of translocated chromosomes. Chromosomes 2D, 3D and 3Stwere involved in the translocation with great possibility[2IS · 3DL (0. 47) - 3StL (0. 53)]. The St segment is responsible for resistance to leaf and stem rusts. Addition line Z4 also carries the translo cated chromosome found in Z5, but in addition carries one pair of 7AS (0. 64) - 7StS (0. 36) · 7StL translocation chromosomes. The 7St fragment bears the stripe rust resistance, and replaces the normal 7A. All of the translocations in Z1, Z2, Z6 and Z3 existed in one of their parents, the wheat Th. intermedium partial amphiploid, Zhong 5. The two wheat-Th. intermedium translocations in Z4 and Z5 occurred during the backcrossing of Zhong 5 to the other wheat varieties in the development of the addition lines. Spontaneous homoeologous translocations showed a close genome relationship between wheat and Th. intermedium. This paper also demonstrated the potential of highly repetitive sequences DNA in verification and characterization of translocation chromosomes.

  7. The Comparison of the Governance between Xun Zi and Dong Zhong-shu%荀子与董仲舒“治道”思想之比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高春菊

    2012-01-01

    荀子、董仲舒的治道思想都是在国家、社会处于转型时期提出来的。两者治道思想的共性与差别在于:在管理本体论上,荀子要求管理者面对自然之天必须发挥主体能动性,而董仲舒认为"天"不仅是宇宙万物的最高本原,也是社会等级秩序和伦理准则的唯一来源;在管理行为观上,两人都继承了经典儒家的管理行为理论,主张为政以德和贤人政治;在管理价值论方面,都认同"不与民争利";在管理人性观方面和管理控制论上,都认为人性可塑、导人为善。%The governace of Xun zi and Dong Zhong-shu are both put forward at the transformation period of the state and society.The similarities and differences of them are: In the perspective of management ontology,Xun Zi required the managers must have subjective initiative when they faced the natural"Tian",but Dong Zhong-shu thought the "Tian" is not only the highest principle of universe,but also the only source of the social rank order and ethical standards;In the perspective of management concept,they inherited the confucian theory of administrative behavior,advocating governing by morality and wisdom politics;In the perspective of management theory of value,they both agreed that "Do not compete with people";In the perspective of human nature and management cybernetics,they both agreed that people could be created and led to be good.

  8. The Character of Wang Zhong in Crossroad Lights%论《歧路灯》中王中的形象

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    代伟; 李真真

    2015-01-01

    The writer Li Lvyuan invented an honest and loyal servant Wang Zhong in Crossroad Lights. With his honesty, calmness and ultimate loyalty to his master, he experienced the vicissitudes of Tan Mansion: from prosperity to decline and inversely from decline to prosperity. He was not only the rescuer of the Tan Mansion in its decline but also the promoter of the rejuvenation of Tan Mansion in its prosperity. The reason of inventing this character can be found in the writer Li Lvyuan himself. As an orthodox scholar in feudal society, Li Lvyuan was deeply influenced by Neo-Confucianism of Chen-Zhu, and formed his literary creation theory of“Writings are for conveying truth”. The age he lived in crosses the reigns of three emperors:Kangxi, Yongzheng and Qionglong, the heyday of Qing Dynasty. But he was sensitive enough to detect the decline of Qing Dynasty. He thus took Wang Zhong, the symbol of loyalty and filial piety, as the means to consolidate the moral orders and hierarchical system of feudal society, and to rescue superficiality of the society and decadence of his disciples.%《歧路灯》作者李绿园在作品中塑造了一位忠肝义胆、一心为主的忠仆形象——王中。他为人忠厚老实,行事沉着干练,对主家不离不弃。他亲历了谭府由盛到衰,再由衰转盛的全过程,不仅是谭府败落时的匡扶者,更是谭府复兴的有力推动者。究其形象塑造之原因,乃李绿园作为封建正统文人,思想上深受程朱理学影响,形成了“文以载道”的创作观,而生活于康雍乾三朝的他,在盛世繁华背后敏锐地觉察到了衰败的开始。所以在作品中努力以“忠孝”两全的王中为代言,维护和巩固封建道德秩序和封建等级制度,挽救世风的浇薄和子弟的颓废。

  9. 20世纪中国文学中的 "风水" 叙事%The Feng Shui Narration in the 20 th Century Chinese Literature

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈旋波

    2015-01-01

    近代以来, 作为中国传统文化一脉的风水观因其缺乏 "真确的知识" 而受到摒弃和批判, 五四以来风水一直受到科学理性、 唯物主义主导的文学思潮的攻伐. 随后, 20世纪中国社会及文化思潮发生了巨大的变迁,风水在文学中的境遇也因时而易, 这不但反映了时代思潮的嬗变, 还纠结着20世纪纷繁复杂的政治、 哲学及美学取向. 尤其是随着90年代中国文化语境的变迁, 风水文化逐渐浮现出其反思现代性的 "复魅" 特质.%In modern times, Feng Shui, which has been inherent to traditional Chinese culture, has been denounced and defamed as lack of scientific and truthful knowledge, and has long been criticized by the rational and materialistic school of literature since the May Fourth Movement. In the 20th century, as the Chinese society and ideology is undergoing dramatic changes, Feng Shui varies from time to time in literature, which reflects not only the transformation of ideology but also the complication of politics, philosophy and aesthetics. Particularly in the 1990s, as the cultural environment in China has greatly changed, the culture of Feng Shui tends to be charged with the nature of "revitalizing the enchantment of the world", i. e. reflections upon modernism.

  10. 生态建筑学与中国风水学的文化比较%Cultural Comparison of Arcologies and Feng-shui of China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    职建民

    2011-01-01

    This paper introduce the conception of Arcologies and Feng-shui of China.Through cultural comparing with Chinese culture and westen culture,we wish to search a more suitable and effectively design method and norm.%本文对生态建筑学与中国风水学从概念上作一介绍,力图通过在东、西方文化上的比较,得到一个更适用、有效的设计方法和准则。

  11. The Exploration on the Feng Shuey Philosophy of Parametric Architectural Design%探究参数化建筑设计中所蕴藏的风水哲理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张硕; 王丽

    2014-01-01

    Author studies on feng shuey philosophy of para-metric architectural design, taking galaxy SOHO and CCTV new building as examples to il ustrate that the feng shuey cu-lture which has been passed down for thousand years must have it’s value of spread and that parametric architectural also wil be dif icult to get the inheritance of history out of the feng shuey philosophy.%笔者就参数化建筑中所蕴藏的风水哲理进行探讨,以银河SOHO和央视新大楼为例意在阐明在中国流传了千年之久的风水文化必有其传播价值,并且脱离了风水的参数化建筑也将很难得到历史的传承。

  12. Treatment experience of ZHENG Qi-zhong in pertussis from the liver%郑启仲教授从肝论治百日咳经验

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑宏; 郑攀

    2011-01-01

    郑启仲教授从事中医儿科临床40余年,对百日咳的治疗有丰富的经验.文章从病因病机、临床见证、治疗经验等方面,结合典型病案,从肝论治百日咳,郑教授提出"木火刑金,风痰相搏"的病机特点,创拟镇肝止咳汤,取得了良好的疗效.%Professor ZHENG Qi-zhong, the nation's third and fourth batches inherit the old Chinese medicine experts,the work of academic experience instructors, and doctoral supervisor, worked 40 years in pediatric clinical medicine, who was expert in the treatment of whooping cough. In this paper, we discussed the treatment of whooping cough from the live on the basis of pathogenesis, clinical testimony, and treatment experiences with typical medical record, and proposed, the characteristics of the pathogenesis that 'wooden stake gold, wind phlegm Competing', and created Zhengan Zhike Tang, which obtained good effect.

  13. Bu-Zhong-Yi-Qi Decoction, the Water Extract of Chinese Traditional Herbal Medicine, Enhances Cisplatin Cytotoxicity in A549/DDP Cells through Induction of Apoptosis and Autophagy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xiong, Ying

    2017-01-01

    Cisplatin is one of the most active cytotoxic agents for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) treatment. However, the development of cisplatin resistance is common. Bu-Zhong-Yi-Qi decoction (BZYQD), a Chinese traditional herbal medicine, is widely used for the enhancement of antitumor effect in other medications. In this study, we evaluated the effect and drug-resistance reversal mechanism of BZYQD combined with cisplatin on cisplatin-resistant A549/DDP cells. Our results showed that BZYQD exhibited direct cytotoxic and chemosensitizing effects. Cotreatment with BZYQD and cisplatin induced intrinsic apoptotic pathways which were measured by condensed nuclear chromatin, Annexin V/PI apoptosis assay, and apoptosis related proteins expression. In addition, cotreatment with BZYQD and cisplatin also activated autophagy, as indicated by an increase in LC3 puncta, classical autophagosomes and/or autolysosomes, and an accumulation of LC3-II and ATG7 protein. Finally, cotreatment with BZYQD and cisplatin resulted in the generation of ROS and scavenging ROS by NAC almost completely suppressing cell death. These results suggest that cotreatment with BZYQD and cisplatin might reverse cisplatin resistance by inducing ROS accumulation, which activates apoptosis and autophagy by oxidative stress. The combination of BZYQD and cisplatin may represent a novel approach in treatment for NSCLC and thus offer a new target for chemotherapy.

  14. Testing longwave radiation parameterizations under clear and overcast skies at Storglaciären, Sweden

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Sedlar

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Energy balance based glacier melt models require accurate estimates of incoming longwave radiation but direct measurements are often not available. Multi-year near-surface meteorological data from Storglaciären, Northern Sweden, were used to evaluate commonly used longwave radiation parameterizations in a glacier environment under clear-sky and all-sky conditions. Parameterizations depending solely on air temperature performed worse than those which include water vapor pressure. All models tended to overestimate incoming longwave radiation during periods of low longwave radiation, while incoming longwave was underestimated when radiation was high. Under all-sky conditions root mean square error (RMSE and mean bias error (MBE were 17 to 20 W m−2 and −5 to 1 W m−2, respectively. Two attempts were made to circumvent the need of cloud cover data. First cloud fraction was parameterized as a function of the ratio, τ, of measured incoming shortwave radiation and calculated top of atmosphere radiation. Second, τ was related directly to the cloud factor (i.e. the increase in sky emissivity due to clouds. Despite large scatter between τ and both cloud fraction and the cloud factor, resulting calculations of hourly incoming longwave radiation for both approaches were only slightly more variable with RMSE roughly 3 W m−2 larger compared to using cloud observations as input. This is promising for longwave radiation modeling in areas where shortwave radiation data are available but cloud observations are not.

  15. 也说《飞鸟集》冯唐译本%Comment on Feng Tang’s Translation of Stray Birds

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡俊麟

    2016-01-01

    《飞鸟集》冯唐译本,多数读者持有激烈的抵制意见,也有读者持较包容的态度。浙江文艺出版社宣布下架并召回该书,将争论引向高潮。冯唐译本引发争议,至少包含三个方面的问题:在翻译历史背景下有失规范,粗暴挣脱中国现代文学史的影响力,未能展现《飞鸟集》深刻的精神内核等。%Although some readers hold a more tolerant attitude, Stray Birds, Feng Tang’s translated version, has drawn fierce resistance from the majority of readers. The announcement, which Zhejiang Literature and Art Publishing House made to take the book off the shelves and recall the books sold, led the controversy to a climax. Feng Tang’s translation doesn’t consist with the norms which are formed in translation history and it rudely breaks away from the influence of Chinese modern literature. Meanwhile it failed to present the deep spiritual core of Stray Birds. In part, these are the reasons triggering the controversy.

  16. 冯友兰代理清华校务的贡献%On the Contributions of Feng Youlan as Acting President of Qinghua University

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王仁宇

    2012-01-01

    In the development history of Qinghua University,Feng Youlan was elected as Acting President of Qinghua University during the period between the vocation of presidency of Qinghua by Luo Jialun and the assumption of that post by Mei Yiqi.Feng Youlan had made huge contributions to the stability and development of Qinghua University under extreme historical circumstances by leading the university council in maintaining the sound operation of university affairs,resisting the interference of warlords,standing against disruptive attempts at obstructing the tradition of "rule of professors" by Wu Nanxuan,and actively participating in and organizing activities for the War of Resistance Against Japan.%在清华大学的发展史上,从罗家伦辞职到梅贻琦到任一年多的时间里,冯友兰被推举代理校务。他领导校务委员会,在维持学校正常运作的同时,抵制军阀势力对清华的干预,反对吴南轩对教授治校传统的破坏,积极参加并组织抗日活动,为清华大学在特殊时期的稳定和发展作出了重大贡献。

  17. Carrying forward the Spirit of Lei Feng and the Innovation of Social Management%弘扬雷锋精神与社会管理创新

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓智平

    2012-01-01

    在现阶段社会管理创新中。很少跳出“社会”论社会管理,忽视了社会管理与政治、经济、文化等其他领域的密切关系。雷锋精神作为时代精神的重要内容,对社会管理创新具有重要价值。在政府职能转变、调动社会资源增进民生福祉、激发公众参与、社会工作和志愿服务等方面雷锋精神有着广泛的应用。%At the present stage, the innovation of social management still stays in the social management of "social theory", ignores the close relationship between the social management and the political, economic, cultural and other fields. Lei Feng spirit, as the important content of the times spirit, has the important value to the innovate the social management. The spirit of Lei Feng has a wide range of applications to transit the government functions, mobilize community resources, improve people's livelihood, stimulate public participation, social work and volunteer services and other aspects.

  18. “忍无可忍”源流考辨%A Probe into the Source of "Ren Wu Ke Ren"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高列过

    2012-01-01

    “忍无可忍”这个成语意义的源头是“忍之无可忍”,形式是借鉴汉译佛经的“忍不可忍”之后类推而成的。踏踏实实阅读第一手资料、仔细深入地分析文献例证。是保证溯源准确的前提。%The source of the literal meaning of the idiom "ren wu ke ren ( beyond endurance) " is from "ren zhi wu ke ren (endure to one's limit)", and its form is evolved from "ren bu ke ten (endure whatever one cannot endure)" in the Chinese translation of Buddhist sutras. Probing into the first-hand resources in a down-to-earth manner, and analyzing the examples in literature in a careful and thorough way are the premi- ses of the accurate trace into the source.

  19. 酸枣仁的药理作用及现代临床应用研究%Pharmacological effects and modern clinical application research of Suanzao Ren

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡明亚

    2012-01-01

      According to the TCM Suanzao Ren flat sweet and sour, Bugan, Ning Xin, Lianhan, Shengjin as its main active ingredient Jujuboside, Suanzao Ren flavonoids, Suanzao Ren oil, and some experimental results to explore Suanzao Ren has a sedative and hypnotic, anticonvulsant, anti-arrhythmic, anti-ischemic, blood pressure, cholesterol, and so enhance the immune pharmacological effects, as well as in modern clinical applications, and for further research to explore Suanzao Ren clinical applications providing valuable materials.%  根据中药酸枣仁性平味甘酸,具有补肝、宁心、敛汗、生津之功,其主要有效成分为酸枣仁皂苷、酸枣仁黄酮、酸枣仁油等,并根据一些实验结果探讨酸枣仁具有镇静催眠、抗惊厥、抗心律失常、抗心肌缺血、降压、降血脂等,增强免疫等药理作用,以及在现代临床上的应用,并为进一步研究探索酸枣仁的临床应用提供了有价值的材料。

  20. Experimentelle Untersuchung zur Effektivitat der Transarteriellen Chemoembolisation (TACE) im Tiermodell des hepatozellul?ren Karzinoms

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    Ziel: Evaluation der Effektivit?t verschiedener Methodiken der TACE im tierexperimentellen Modell des hepatozellul?ren Karzinoms. Material und Methoden: Bei m?nnlichen ACI-Ratten (n=58) erfolgte die Implantation eines soliden Morris Hepatom 3924A (1 mm3) subkapsul?r in den Leberlappen. 12—14 Tage nach Implantation wurden die Tumorvolumina kernspintomographisch bestimmt. Nach Laparotomie und retrograder Katheterisierung der Arteria gastroduodenalis wurden anschlieend unterschiedliche Therapieprotokolle der TACE angewendet: (A) Mitomycin C (n=4), (B) Degradiere St?rke Mikrosph?ren (DSM) (n=4), (C) Mitomycin C+DSM (n=4), (D) Mitomycin C + Ligatur (n=5), (E) Mitomycin C+Lipiodol (n=5), (F) Mitomycin C+Lipiodol+Ligatur (n=4), (G) Mitomycin C+DSM+Ligatur (n=4), (H) Mitomycin C+Poly-Laktide-co-Glykolide (PLcG) (n=4), (I) DSM + Ligatur (n=4), (J) Lipiodol + Ligatur (n=4), (K) Ligatur (n=4), (L) Lipiodol (n=5), (M) 0,9% NaCl (Kontrollgruppe, n=7). Zur Effektivit?tsbeurteilung der verschiedenen Methodiken erfolgte 12—14 Tage nach Therapie eine erneute kernspintomographische Volumenbestimmung der Tumoren. Ergebnisse: Im Vergleich zur Kontrollgruppe zeigten Gruppe D, E, F, G, H und J eine statistisch signifikant (P<0.05) geringere Tumorvolumenzunahme, w?hrend Gruppe A, B, C, I, K, L keine statistisch signifikanten Unterschiede hinsichtlich der Tumorvolumenzunahme zeigten. Schlufolgerung: Die Effektivit?t der TACE im tierexperimentellen Modell des hepatozellul?ren Karzinoms wird nur bei kombinierter Applikation von Zytostatikum und Carrier/Ligatur signifikant erhoht. Die alleinige Applikation des Zytostatikums/der Carrier/Ligatur hatte keinen signifikanten Effekt bezuglich der Effektivit?t.

  1. Factores de riesgo del intento suicida en adolescentes del policlínico René Vallejo de Bayamo

    OpenAIRE

    Idelis Fedeslinda Arias de la Torre

    2015-01-01

    El suicidio, además de constituir un drama de la existencia humana, en muchos países es un problema de salud. El objetivo de esta investigación es identificar los factores de riesgo, asociados al intento suicida en adolescentes del policlínico “René Vallejo” del municipio de Bayamo en el año 2013. Se realizó un estudio de casos y controles, utilizando como universo los 43 casos que realizaron intento suicida en ese año. El grupo de casos fueron 37 adolescentes que realizaron el intento suicid...

  2. Les premiers textes de René Thom sur la morphogenèse et la linguistique : 1966-1970.

    OpenAIRE

    Petitot, Jean

    2015-01-01

    Au milieu des années 1960, René Thom commença à rédiger ses premiers textes sur les applications à la morphogenèse en biologie et à la syntaxe actantielle en linguistique de la théorie des déploiements universels de singularités de fonctions differentiables et de la stabilité structurelle. Cette note présente et commente ses cinq premiers articles dans ces domaines.

  3. Combined renin inhibition/(prorenin receptor blockade in diabetic retinopathy--a study in transgenic (mREN227 rats.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wendy W Batenburg

    Full Text Available Dysfunction of renin-angiotensin system (RAS contributes to the pathogenesis of diabetic retinopathy (DR. Prorenin, the precursor of renin is highly elevated in ocular fluid of diabetic patients with proliferative retinopathy. Prorenin may exert local effects in the eye by binding to the so-called (prorenin receptor ((PRR. Here we investigated the combined effects of the renin inhibitor aliskiren and the putative (PRR blocker handle-region peptide (HRP on diabetic retinopathy in streptozotocin (STZ-induced diabetic transgenic (mRen227 rats (a model with high plasma prorenin levels as well as prorenin stimulated cytokine expression in cultured Müller cells. Adult (mRen227 rats were randomly divided into the following groups: (1 non-diabetic; (2 diabetic treated with vehicle; (3 diabetic treated with aliskiren (10 mg/kg per day; and (4 diabetic treated with aliskiren+HRP (1 mg/kg per day. Age-matched non-diabetic wildtype Sprague-Dawley rats were used as control. Drugs were administered by osmotic minipumps for three weeks. Transgenic (mRen227 rat retinas showed increased apoptotic cell death of both inner retinal neurons and photoreceptors, increased loss of capillaries, as well as increased expression of inflammatory cytokines. These pathological changes were further exacerbated by diabetes. Aliskiren treatment of diabetic (mRen227 rats prevented retinal gliosis, and reduced retinal apoptotic cell death, acellular capillaries and the expression of inflammatory cytokines. HRP on top of aliskiren did not provide additional protection. In cultured Müller cells, prorenin significantly increased the expression levels of IL-1α and TNF-α, and this was completely blocked by aliskiren or HRP, their combination, (PRR siRNA and the AT1R blocker losartan, suggesting that these effects entirely depended on Ang II generation by (PRR-bound prorenin. In conclusion, the lack of effect of HRP on top of aliskiren, and the Ang II-dependency of the ocular

  4. Edward Denison, Guang Yu Ren, Luke Him Sau Architect: China’s Missing Modern, Chichester: John Wiley & Son

    OpenAIRE

    Kögel, Eduard

    2016-01-01

    This book by Edward Denison and Guang Yu Ren is one of the first of its kind, focusing on the biography of a first-generation architect from twentieth-century China. Like his fellow architects of that period, Luke Him Sau (Lu Qianshou, 陸謙受, 1904-1991) belonged to a group of architects educated at a Western school with a formal academic tradition. In late 1930s this generation designed the curricula for the architectural education system in China according to their experience in the West. The ...

  5. Factores de riesgo del intento suicida en adolescentes del policlínico René Vallejo de Bayamo

    OpenAIRE

    Idelis Fedeslinda Arias de la Torre

    2015-01-01

    El suicidio, además de constituir un drama de la existencia humana, en muchos países es un problema de salud. El objetivo de esta investigación es identificar los factores de riesgo, asociados al intento suicida en adolescentes del policlínico “René Vallejo” del municipio de Bayamo en el año 2013. Se realizó un estudio de casos y controles, utilizando como universo los 43 casos que realizaron intento suicida en ese año. El grupo de casos fueron 37 adolescentes que realizaron el intento suicid...

  6. A ordem secreta das coisas: René Magritte e o jogo do visível

    OpenAIRE

    2006-01-01

    A obra de René Magritte, longe dos holofotes do Surrealismo, é uma obra silenciosa. Uma pintura voltada para o pensamento, para a análise das imagens, da linguagem e da representação. Magritte dedicou a maior parte de sua vida a essa pesquisa incansável e, o tempo inteiro, a duas perguntas: qual o lugar da imagem? Qual o lugar da palavra? Neste texto, adoto a estratégia de me aproximar de sua obra por uma via tortuosa e incerta. Assim, faço recuar a um tempo mítico, a questão que subjaz à sua...

  7. 周仲瑛教授临床应用苍耳草经验%Professor ZHOU Zhong-ying's clinical experience in using of Xanthium grass

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王长松

    2011-01-01

    The clinical experience from ZHOU Zhong-ying in using Xanthium grass to treat with dozens of diseases was introduced .such as allergic rhinitis, asthma, rheumatoid arthritis, ulcerative colitis, henoch-schonlein purpura nephritis, neurodermitis, and so on.This experience was then analyzed, and showed that professor ZHOU using Xanthium grass not only stressed getting rid of restrictions of names of disease and basing on the flexibility of differential treatment, but also valued the principle of clear and rigorous indication.The indication is that: Xanthium grass can be used in the diseases that locaion is the lung and liver, features wind-heat, symptom pruritus, pathology irritability; while characteristic deficiency-cold, location inside should be cautious.%通过典型病例,分别介绍了周仲瑛教授应用苍耳草治疗过敏性鼻炎、哮喘、类风湿性关节炎、溃疡性结肠炎、紫癜性肾炎、神经性皮炎等病症的经验;然后对这些经验进行了总结分析,指出周教授临床应用苍耳草,既强调不拘病名、辨证论治的灵活性,又重视指征明确、不能随意的原则性.其应用苍耳草的指征是:病位在肺肝,病性属风热,病症为瘙痒,病理为过敏.而病性属虚、属寒,病位在里者则当慎用.

  8. A Study on the Belief and Theoretical Form of Feng shui in the Han Dynasty from Tai ping Ching%《太平经》所见汉代风水观念及理论形态

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张齐明

    2011-01-01

    The concept of "Qi tu" good or ill luck and "live ghost and spirit"(a theory of the Feng shui) proposed in Tai ping Ching,written in the late Eastern Han Dynasty,is the reflection of rapid expansion of Feng shui belief in the Han Dynasty.It also marks the theoretical form of Feng shui funeral.The text suggests that Taoism transforms and absorbs Feng shui in its religious system,not to meet the belief of people,but rather to guide and transform it into Taoism belief system.%成书于东汉中晚期的《太平经》所提出的"起土"吉凶观念及"魂神还养"的丧葬风水理论,是汉代社会风水信仰急剧膨胀的反映,它也标志着丧葬风水术理论形态基本形成。《太平经》中风水文献表明,道教对风水术的吸收与改造是在宗教体系之内进行的,并不是对民众信仰的无限制迎合,而是加以引导和转化,从而纳入其信仰体系之中。

  9. Discuss on the Idea of FENG Gui-fen's Society Integration%冯桂芬社会整合思想探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘庆艳; 王蕊; 花琦; 许南海

    2011-01-01

    Discuss on the idea of FENG gui-fen's society integration from the sociological angle.In the case of internal and external problems,how to solve social problems,make the society become an orderly and normal track,so as to achieve to be able to rule the people internally and against enemy externally,FENG gui-fen proposed the idea of society integration that "Chinese old ethics and norms are the most fundamental,at the same time we need to study the prosperous methods of the other countries which are prosperous at that time.In order to describe the idea of FENG gui-fen's society Integrtion,this article from three aspects that "strengthening of the patriarchal organization and the patriarchal hierarchy","imitation the sages' method of three generations' to consolidate the state";"learning western skills to make the country become rich and strong".So that the idea of the background,content and meaning show up clearly.%在内忧外患的情况下,怎样解决社会问题,使社会形成一个有序、正常发展的轨道,从而达到内能治民、外能敌国的目标,冯桂芬提出了"以中国之伦常名教为原本,辅以诸国富强之术"的社会整合思想。文章从加强宗法组织与宗法等级制、仿"三代圣人之法"以固国本、学西洋长技以强国富国三个方面对冯桂芬的社会整合思想进行阐述,展现了这一思想提出的背景、内容及意义。

  10. 试论丰子恺的工艺美术思想%On the Ideological Systems of Arts and Crafts of Feng Zikai

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崔晓彦

    2016-01-01

    丰子恺工艺美术思想的主要内容为工艺美术本质观、工艺美术伦理观和工艺美术审美观。其思想当是对丰子恺工艺美术创作的表现形式、艺术理论中与工艺美术问题相关的观点、见解甚至生平行事的提炼和归纳,而非出自丰子恺自己有意识地整理与归纳,因此也就决定了该思想系统性和深刻性的不足,影响了个人特色和时代精神的充分显现。瑕不掩瑜,丰子恺有关工艺美术的美育功能、对“人”的痕迹的重视和“中西融合”的价值观等对当代艺术设计依然具有重要的启迪作用。%The ideological system of arts and crafts of Feng Zikai contains three aspects, i.e. arts and crafts essence view, arts and crafts ethical view, and arts and crafts aesthetical view. It is from the summary of the form of expression in his arts and crafts works, relevant content of arts and crafts in his arts theory, his essay, correspondence, life chronicle, and not concluded by Feng Zikai himself consciously. Therefore, the ideological system of arts and crafts of Feng Zikai is insufifcient in systemic and depth. The defects cannot obscure the virtues it is well revelatory for the development of modern art design in these respects, i.e. aesthetic education function of arts and crafts, high attention of traces of people in creation of art, and the fusion of west and east arts and crafts.

  11. Cotton Science Research of Feng Zefang and His Main Contribution%冯泽芳的棉作科学研究及其主要贡献

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾玉珊

    2012-01-01

    冯泽芳是中国现代棉作科学的主要奠基人。他首次列出完整的中棉分类系统表,奠定了中国亚洲棉分类的基础。冯泽芳是我国用孟德尔定律对亚洲棉性状进行遗传研究的先导,较早从事棉花种间杂交及后代的遗传学和细胞学研究,研究结论处于同类研究的先进水平。冯泽芳对木棉进行科学鉴定,肯定其经济价值并大力推广。冯泽芳主持的棉花区试在主要农作物的区域试验中首开先河,为20世纪30年代中叶以后推广斯字棉与德字棉提供了科学依据。冯泽芳关于棉区划分及棉纺工业布局的科学思想成为我国发展商品棉基地,重新进行棉纺业布局调整的重要根据。%Feng Zefang was main founder of modem cotton science in China.Feng was the first in the history of China to list the complete classification form of Chinese cotton, which established the foundation of the classification of Chinese Asiatic cotton. He also pioneered genetic research on Asiatic cotton by Mendel's Law in China, and was among the first to work on the cytology and genetics research of their offspring. Feng' s conclusion reached an advanced level in similar research field that captured the botany world's attention from all over the world. He made a scientific verification for tree-cotton, affirmed it economic value and made a lot of efforts to release it. His cotton-planting region experiment imitated the region experiment of staple crops,which provided the scientific evidence for the release of Delfos and Stonevile. His scientific thoughts about the divi- sion of cotton-planting regions and the layout of cotton spinning industry lay an important foundation for the development commodity cotton bases and the readjustment of the layout of cotton spinning industry in China.

  12. Sex differences in baroreflex sensitivity, heart rate variability, and end organ damage in the TGR(mRen2)27 rat.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Megan S; DeMarco, Vincent G; Heesch, Cheryl M; Whaley-Connell, Adam T; Schneider, Rebecca I; Rehmer, Nathan T; Tilmon, Roger D; Ferrario, Carlos M; Sowers, James R

    2011-10-01

    The aim of this investigation was to evaluate sex differences in baroreflex and heart rate variability (HRV) dysfunction and indexes of end-organ damage in the TG(mRen2)27 (Ren2) rat, a model of renin overexpression and tissue renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system overactivation. Blood pressure (via telemetric monitoring), blood pressure variability [BPV; SD of systolic blood pressure (SBP)], spontaneous baroreflex sensitivity, HRV [HRV Triangular Index (HRV-TI), standard deviation of the average NN interval (SDNN), low and high frequency power (LF and HF, respectively), and Poincaré plot analysis (SD1, SD2)], and cardiovascular function (pressure-volume loop analysis and proteinuria) were evaluated in male and female 10-wk-old Ren2 and Sprague Dawley rats. The severity of hypertension was greater in Ren2 males (R2-M) than in Ren2 females (R2-F). Increased BPV, suppression of baroreflex gain, decreased HRV, and associated end-organ damage manifested as cardiac dysfunction, myocardial remodeling, elevated proteinuria, and tissue oxidative stress were more pronounced in R2-M compared with R2-F. During the dark cycle, HRV-TI and SDNN were negatively correlated with SBP within R2-M and positively correlated within R2-F; within R2-M, these indexes were also negatively correlated with end-organ damage [left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH)]. Furthermore, within R2-M only, LVH was strongly correlated with indexes of HRV representing predominantly vagal (HF, SD1), but not sympathetic (LF, SD2), variability. These data demonstrated relative protection in females from autonomic dysfunction and end-organ damage associated with elevated blood pressure in the Ren2 model of hypertension.

  13. 许建中教授治疗肺间质性疾病的经验%The Experience of Professor XU Jian-zhong on Treating Interstitial Lung Disease

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许宗伟

    2011-01-01

    从中医病名病机分析入手,对许建中教授治疗肺间质性疾病的经验进行总结,以期为临床治疗此类疾病提供借鉴.%This article summarized the experience of professor XU Jian-zhong on treating interstitial lung disease from analyzing the name and pathogenesis of disease in TCM,in order to provide a reference for clinical treatment of these diseases.

  14. Discussion on The Wife of JIAO Zhong-qing in the Human Rights of Women%刍议《焦仲卿妻》中的女性人权问题

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶新源; 潘婷; 黄秋敏

    2011-01-01

    Produced in the Han Dynasty, The Wife ofJIAO Zhong-qing is a true reflection of the many problems of human rights of women at that time. The main performance is the female personal freedom, autonomy and dignity of marriage and other aspects of abuse.%产生于汉代的《焦仲卿妻》,真实地反映了当时女性人权的许多问题。其主要表现为对女性人身自由、婚姻自主和人格尊严等方面的侵害。

  15. Behandlungseffekte bei Rückenschmerzpatienten : Studie im Bereich der stationären orthopädischen Rehabilitation unter Berücksichtigung von Chronifizierung und Behandlungsdauer

    OpenAIRE

    Ünlü, Ali Ihsan

    2006-01-01

    Rückenschmerzen gehören zu den häufigsten Krankheitsbildern der westlichen Industriestaaten. Problematisch sind nicht die akuten sondern die chronischen Rückenschmerzen, da sie Element eines komplexen Beschwerden-Syndroms sind und daher eine besondere Bedeutung für den Betroffenen sowie für das Gesundheits- und Sozialsystem haben. Deshalb ist eine effektive und nachhaltige Therapie der Rückenerkrankungen, z. B. im Rahmen einer stationären Rehabilitation, sehr wichtig. Während der Rehabili...

  16. Das Leib-Seele-Problem im medizinhistorischen Kontext : ein kritischer Vergleich von René Descartes und António Damásio

    OpenAIRE

    Dorsch, Marianne Cornelia

    2016-01-01

    This doctoral thesis compares the theories of both René Descartes and António Damásio regarding their examination of the mind-body problem. The pivotal question of the mind-body problem is how mental states behave to physical states. René Descartes represents an interactional dualism looking at body and mind as different entities on the one hand, but also positing a relationship between body and mind on the other. Damásio criticizes Descartes’ dualism based on his knowledge of modern neurosci...

  17. 湖南通道县侗族村寨风水林树种资源调查%Investigation of Tree Species Resources in Feng-shui Forests of Dong Villages in Tongdao County,Hunan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴和意; 李屈强; 朱大兴; 肖际亮; 陆安信; 杨昌知; 杨昌岩

    2014-01-01

    指出了侗族先民们把聚居村寨周围的古树林木封为“风水林”,风水林内任何人都不许砍伐林木,不许开垦,不许放牧,这种保护风水林中古树林木的习俗一直流传至今。对保存较完整的几片风水林中的树种资源进行了调查,发现风水林中的树种资源较丰富,有些属国家重点保护的珍稀濒危树种,对于保护和研究珍稀树种具有较大价值。%The ancestors of Dong people regarded the ancent trees around their villages as Feng -shui forests ,and nobody is allowed to cut down trees ,reclaim and graze in the Feng-shui forests .Such custom of protecting ancient trees in the Feng -shui forests has been maintained in the Dong communities till now .The article investigates tree species in some Feng -shui forests which have been well-protected and finds that there are abundant tree species in the Feng -shui forests ,in which some are rare and endangered species in the national protected species list .The rare tree species are valuable for conservation and further studies .

  18. Difference Existed Is Difficult to Obtain Agreement: Hu Feng's View on May 4th Different from the Mainstream and Its Influence on Hu Feng's Doom%“存异”难以“求同”——胡风“五四”观异于主流的歧见及其对胡风命运的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢刚

    2012-01-01

    如何看待“五四”,是审视胡风思想内质及其与左翼主流分歧的一个关键角度。两者在“五四”总主题的认识上并无差异,而在“五四”领导者的认定及历史意义的阐发上却有不同。胡风认为:经过真切实践的鲁迅在“五四”时期已经成为共产主义知识分子.理当居于“五四”领导者之列,这与权威的“鲁迅转变论”产生龃龉;“五四”的历史意义主要在于文学/文化层面,而非政治范畴。“五四”的反封建传统较之其反帝传统更为根本和重要。这些独异之见动摇了主流意识形态合法性论证的逻辑,是导致胡风悲剧命运的重要祸根。%How to look on May 4th is key point that surveys Hu Feng's thought and its divergence with Left Wing's main thought. Both had no difference on cognition of main thesis of May 4th but difference on leader and historical significance of May 4th, Hu Feng argued that Lu Xun had become communist through personal experience in May 4th period and should become a leader of May 4th. The view had discord with authoritative conclusion about Lu Xun change. Hu Feng thought that historical significance of May 4th focused on literature or culture not on political category and anti-feudalism was more fundamental and important than anti-imperialism tradition. These unique views shook demonstrative logic of legitimacy of the mainstream ideology, which led to Hu Feng's tragic doom.

  19. En påle genom Dracula-filmernas hjärta? : En komparativ analys av adaptationer av Bram Stokers Dracula (1897) från åren 2000-2014

    OpenAIRE

    Bahrman, Alexander

    2016-01-01

    En komparativ analys av adaptationer av Bram Stokers Dracula (1897) från åren 2000-2014 med syfte att undersöka resultatet av nästan 100 år av adaptationer och ett mål för att verkställa om en filmkanon har skapats kring karaktären.

  20. En påle genom Dracula-filmernas hjärta? : En komparativ analys av adaptationer av Bram Stokers Dracula (1897) från åren 2000-2014

    OpenAIRE

    Bahrman, Alexander

    2016-01-01

    En komparativ analys av adaptationer av Bram Stokers Dracula (1897) från åren 2000-2014 med syfte att undersöka resultatet av nästan 100 år av adaptationer och ett mål för att verkställa om en filmkanon har skapats kring karaktären.

  1. A Brief Discussion on Feng Youlan's Realm and Awareness Theory%境界与觉解--冯友兰境界与觉悟理论述略

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李洪卫

    2014-01-01

    It is generally acknowledged that Feng Youlan changes the Neo-Confucianism concept into logic concept, which ap-pears to be extrinsic, though in a much better form.However, the ultimate goal of Feng Youlan's efforts is to have a good mas-tery of the universe, from which the realm of man is supposed to be greatly promoted.It is of vital importance to identify the“universal law” before the mastery of the universe.Moreover, they are complementary to each other to form an integral part, aiming to refrain from the attachment of perceptual existence through an abstract understanding of“universalia”, so as to make a self confirmation in the society and the universe.On the course of this confirmation, there embodies the participation of moral intuition in metaphysics.Feng Youlan believes that the consciousness of man attributes to the spiritual perception development. However, the proposition of spiritual perception is by its nature featured in a strong mind understanding.In his pursuit and con-firmation of “the universing self”, Feng Youlan has revised the previous ideas in a conscious or unconscious manner, which tru-ly accepts the moral self-development.Fundamentally, his proposition is neither Cheng-Zhu-styled nor Lu-Wang-styled, but a combination of Confucianism, Buddhism and Taoism with the help of western classics.According to him, in the contradiction between conceptualization and disconceptualization, not only the limitation, but also the advantage of being a route for personal moral cultivation of idea understanding can be perceived.%一般认为,冯友兰将理学概念转变为逻辑概念,超越但不内在了。但是冯友兰的目标在于对“宇宙”“大全”的把握,在此基础上使人的境界有一个根本的提升。但是对宇宙、大全把握之前必须对其有一个“性理”的确认,这两者互为表里。其目的在于通过“共相”抽象、超象的认识,超越个体对感性存在的执著,使人

  2. 论封衡养生思想对后世的影响%The Impact ofFENG Heng Health Thought on Future Generations

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贾双保; 许俊明

    2011-01-01

    Through collecting “NingYuan XianZhi”“WuShan ShiHua”“LongXi XianZhi”these literature, from the diet,diet,exercise,patterns of life, environmental factors to explore the health culture offamous doctors FENG Hengof Donghan Dynasty,then to analyze the impact of cultural development by the health culture concept for future generations health.%通过搜集整理等文献资料,从药膳、饮食、运动、生活规律、环境因素等方面探讨东汉名医封衡的养生文化,分析其养生文化理念对后世养生文化发展的影响.

  3. Back to the Sources: A Rational Interpretation of "Feng Shui"%正本清源:理性地解读“风水”

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王振复

    2011-01-01

    The key of ancient Chinese art of feng shui (风水) is not "to acquire water" or "to store wind", but "to assemble qi". The idea of qi(气) is the root of the theory as well as the source of feng shui studies and its art. The Book of Change puts up an ideal mo%古代中华风水术的关键并非“得水”、“藏风”,而是“聚气”,即通过“得水为上,藏风次之”的方式,使气“聚之使不散,行之使有止”。气的理念,是风水学、风水术的立论之本与人文之原。《周易》八卦方位尤其后天八卦方位,奠定了风水的理想模式。作为古代中华的一种巫性文化,风水具有“畏天”兼“知命”的二重性,既背反又合一。在中华古代风水学(木)中,人是一个有趣而尴尬的角色,糊涂与清醒同在,迷信同理智并存,委琐和尊严兼有,崇拜携审美偕行。迷信风水命理,只能导致人类居住的困难。理性,尤其科学理性,作为人性中的高贵部分,应当予

  4. Unintended consequences of Ze Ren Zhi reforms in China: interplay of agricultural reform and population control policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yen, W; Carter, L F

    1993-01-01

    The aim of the discussion of unintended consequences of Ze Ren Zhi policy reforms in China is to show how isolating problems and developing solutions in isolation can lead to serious consequences. The Ze Ren Zhi reforms in 1978 were intended to increase agricultural productivity by changing from the collective system to an individual responsibility system, but the unintended and undesirable consequences were a growth in family size and discouragement of some environmentally sound land use practices. The prior system gave an equal share of collective income for an equal number of days worked. Under the new reform, "Baochan Daohu," each household had responsibility for a contracted quantity of grain production. Within 2-4 years, economic conditions improved considerably. A discussion is provided of the transition from rights and duties of the collectives to the new responsibility system and the experimentation with different systems. Specific attention is directed to land reforms, mutual aid teams, cooperatives, communes, variations of Ze Ren Zhi, contracting output to individual laborers, contracting jobs to households, and contracting output quotas to households. During the reforms, beginning in the 1950s and lasting until 1978, other changes were taking place. Death rates were declining and birth rates were increasing, such that in 1971 a campaign was established to promote the Late, Sparse, and Few policy for marrying and giving birth later, increasing birth intervals, and having fewer children. This voluntary program eventually took on a more universally mandatory nature. The 1950 Marriage Law stipulated 20 years as the legal age for marriage (18 years for females), and family planning (FP) workers during the 1970s were encouraging even later marriage, and by 1980 a system of rewards and penalties was established to reinforce small family size. After 1978 and a period of birth declines, the crude birth rate increased to 3.06 in 1983. The new responsibility

  5. 周仲瑛教授防治病毒感染性疾病学术思想探析(二)%On Academic Thought of Professor ZHOU Zhong-ying About Preventing and Treating Virus-infected Disease Ⅱ

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭立中; 金妙文; 王志英; 周学平; 叶放; 朱垚; 金路; 李柳

    2011-01-01

    国医大师周仲瑛教授根据传染性非典型肺炎(SARS)具有潜伏期、病情重、传变快、成年人多发等特点,认为该病是先有伏毒在肺,后因新感而引发,并按三焦传变分为早、中、极、恢复期等4期进行辨治.对甲型H1N1流感的预防,周老提出重在芳香宣透、辟秽化浊,并分为大众及密切接触者2个层次,分别采用中药香囊及汤剂区别对待.%According to the characteristics of Severe acute respiratory syndromes (SARS) like incubation period, heavy condition, fast progressing and adult attack, Professor ZHOU Zhong-ying holds the opinion that it is due to latent pathogens in lung, caused by new exopathogenic invasion, and develops through triple energizers. He diagnoses this disease according to early, intermediate, advanced and recovery stages. For the prevention of Pandemic influenza A (N1H1), Professor ZHOU Zhong-ying lays emphasis on removing dampness and regulating qi with fragrant herbs. Meanwhile, the public and close contacts are treated with TCM sachet and decoction respectively.

  6. Development and validation of high liquid performance chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry method for simultaneous determination of geniposidic acid and aucubin in rat plasma for pharmacokinetic study after oral administration of Du-zhong tea extract.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Lin; Ma, Yu-Liang; Liu, Yang; Zu, Yuan-Gang

    2014-07-15

    A specific and sensitive high performance liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometric (HPLC-MS/MS) method was developed and validated for the simultaneous determination of geniposidic acid and aucubin in rat plasma after oral administration of Du-zhong tea extract. The plasma samples were pretreated by protein precipitation with methanol and the chromatographic separation was performed on a Hypersil C18 column (4.6 mm×250 mm, 5 μm), using a gradient mobile phase system of water-methanol (0.05% formic acid). The detection was accomplished by multiple-reaction monitoring (MRM) scanning via electrospray ionization source operating in the negative ionization mode. The linear range was 1-1,000 ng/mL for geniposidic acid and 0.2-200 ng/mL for aucubin, respectively. The accuracy (relative error, R.E.%) were between -5.40 and 5.00%, while the intra-day and inter-day precisions were less than 7.95 and 7.87% for the two analytes, respectively. The method was fully validated for the sensitivity, selectivity, recovery, matrix effect and stability. Then this method was successfully applied to the pharmacokinetic study of geniposidic acid and aucubin after oral administration of Du-zhong tea extract to rats and the results indicated that this HPLC-MS/MS assay is a valuable method for the pharmacokinetic study of geniposidic acid and aucubin in rat plasma.

  7. The Decoction Analysis of the Guizhi Tang Associated Prescriptions from ZHANG Zhong-jing's Shanghan Lun%张仲景《伤寒论》桂枝汤类方配伍解析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡皎皓; 庄海峰; 沈建平

    2011-01-01

    桂枝汤为仲景之代表方,体现其辨证论治思想之精髓,其类方为中最多的一组类方,在全书中发挥着极为重要的作用.本文着重以图形的方式表述桂枝汤的组方及桂枝汤类方的组方规律,对仲景组方思想进行探析,以期更好地了解张仲景的类方组方思想来指导临床的组方用药和辨证加减.%Guizhi tang is the representative prescription of Shanghan Lun, which book was written by zhongjing,embody the essence of syndrome differentiation and treatment ideas,the Associated Prescriptions of Guizhi tang is the most of the associated prescriptions in Shanghan Lun,is playing the extremely vital role in the entire book。 This article focuses on interpretation of graphical Guizhi tang recipe and Guizhi tang recipe law of parties,Of ZHANG Zhong - jing' s thinking whose was how to compatibility prescription, It is hoped that a better understanding of the ZHANG Zhong -jing' s ideology of how to compatibility the associated prescription to guide clinical medicine and the identification.

  8. Passive Mood and Work Behavior:The Cross-level Mediating Effect of Zhong-Yong Thinking Style%坏心情与工作行为:中庸思维跨层次的调节作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙旭; 严鸣; 储小平

    2014-01-01

    本研究探讨工作中坏心情与3种工作行为(组织公民行为、反生产行为和任务绩效行为)在个体内水平的关系,以及中庸思维在二者间跨层次的调节作用。采用经验抽样方法,通过对72名员工历时两周的追踪调查,获取被试每日心情状态和每日工作行为的数据。HLM 6.02分析表明:(1)每日坏心情显著地负向影响每日的组织公民行为和任务绩效行为,而对反生产行为无显著影响;(2)中庸思维在“心情—行为”的联系间发挥调节作用,高中庸思维者的坏心情对组织公民行为的负向影响较弱,低中庸思维者的坏心情对组织公民行为的负向影响较强;高中庸思维者的坏心情对任务绩效行为产生正向影响,低中庸思维者的坏心情对任务绩效行为产生负向影响。%Individual frequently experiences passive mood, a bad internal feeling state, in workplace. However, few researches focused on the negative effect of passive mood on work behavior. As a result, we know little about how to avoid this negative effect in the work, especially in Chinese context. Based on mood-congruent theory and cognitive-affective processing system theory, we proposed a cross-level model to explain the relation between daily passive mood and three daily work behaviors, namly, Organizational Citizenship Behavior (OCB), Counterproductive Work Behavior (CWB) and task performance behavior, at within-person level, and how Zhong-Yong thinking style, a Chinese indigenous cultural thinking characteristic, at between-person level moderated the negative effect of daily passive mood on work behaviors. In oreder to verify our arguments, we collected the data by two phases. In the first phase, participants completed a questionnaire including demographic and individual-level variables. Two weeks later, we conducted daily surveys for daily passive mood and three daily work behaviors, namly, OCB, CWB and task performance

  9. The VviMYB80 Gene is Abnormally Expressed in Vitis vinifera L. cv. 'Zhong Shan Hong' and its Expression in Tobacco Driven by the 35S Promoter Causes Male Sterility.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zheng, Huan; Yu, Xiaojuan; Yuan, Yue; Zhang, Yaguang; Zhang, Zhen; Zhang, Jiyu; Zhang, Meng; Ji, Chenfei; Liu, Qian; Tao, Jianmin

    2016-03-01

    Anther development is a very precise and complicated process. In Arabidopsis, the AtMYB80 transcription factor regulates genes involved in pollen development and controls the timing of tapetal programmed cell death (PCD). In this study, we isolated and characterized cDNA for VviMYB80 expressed in flower buds of male-sterile Vitis vinifera L. cv. 'Zhong Shan Hong', a late-maturing cultivar derived from self-progeny of cv. 'Wink'. VviMYB80 belongs to the MYB80 subfamily and clusters with AtMYB35/TDF1 in a distinct clade. We found that in flower buds, expression of the VviMYB80 gene in cv. 'Zhong Shan Hong' sharply increased at the tetrad stage, resulting in a higher and earlier transcript level than that found in cv. 'Wink'. Expression of the VviMYB80 gene, driven by the 35S promoter, caused pleiotropic effects on the stamens, including smaller and shriveled anthers, delayed dehiscence, fewer seeds, shorter anther filaments, distorted pollen shape and a lack of cytoplasm, with the tapetum exhibiting hypertrophy in transformed tobacco. These results suggest that VviMYB80 may play an important role in stamen development and that expression of VviMYB80 driven by the 35S promoter in tobacco induces male sterility. © The Author 2016. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Japanese Society of Plant Physiologists. All rights reserved. For permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  10. 习仲勋文化思想的当代价值%Contemporary Value of XI Zhong-xun's Culture and Ldeology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    仲杉; 司成铭; 郝鑫

    2012-01-01

    习仲勋的文化思想,有着独特的内容和理论特点,主要涉及了以灵活多样的形式兴办教育事业,运用先进的文化占领农村阵地,文化工作要为经济建设服务,弘扬民族传统文艺发展等内容。其理论特色表现在,加强党对文化工作的领导权,创新和发展党对文化工作的领导方式;建立和完善公共文化服务体系,促进城乡文化一体化进程;加大文化人才培养力度,壮大文化人才队伍;建立优秀传统文化传承体系,完善具有中国特色社会主义文化理论体系等方面。深入学习领会习仲勋文化思想的特征,对当下我国转型时期顺利推动我们当前的文化体制改革和发展,具有重要的现实借鉴意义。%Culture thought of XI Zhong-xun has the unique content and theoretical characteristics,mainly involves in running education career with flexible ways,applying advanced culture to occupy the grassroot position,emphasizing cultural service function of economy,and carrying forward traditional literary great development.and so on.Its theoretical features in performance,strengthening the leadership of culture closely,innovation and development of cultural work style of leadership;establishing and perfecting the system of public cultural services,promoting the process of integration of urban and rural culture;increasing cultural talent training efforts,growing cultural talent team;establishing excellent traditional culture inheritance system,perfecting socialist culture of Chinese characteristics theory system etc.On the current,it has the realistic significance to promote reform of the cultural system and development successfully in the transition period.

  11. RUN1 and REN1 Pyramiding in Grapevine (Vitis vinifera cv. Crimson Seedless) Displays an Improved Defense Response Leading to Enhanced Resistance to Powdery Mildew (Erysiphe necator).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Agurto, Mario; Schlechter, Rudolf O; Armijo, Grace; Solano, Esteban; Serrano, Carolina; Contreras, Rodrigo A; Zúñiga, Gustavo E; Arce-Johnson, Patricio

    2017-01-01

    Fungal pathogens are the cause of the most common diseases in grapevine and among them powdery mildew represents a major focus for disease management. Different strategies for introgression of resistance in grapevine are currently undertaken in breeding programs. For example, introgression of several resistance genes (R) from different sources for making it more durable and also strengthening the plant defense response. Taking this into account, we cross-pollinated P09-105/34, a grapevine plant carrying both RUN1 and REN1 pyramided loci of resistance to Erysiphe necator inherited from a pseudo-backcrossing scheme with Muscadinia rotundifolia and Vitis vinifera 'Dzhandzhal Kara,' respectively, with the susceptible commercial table grape cv. 'Crimson Seedless.' We developed RUN1REN1 resistant genotypes through conventional breeding and identified them by marker assisted selection. The characterization of defense response showed a highly effective defense mechanism against powdery mildew in these plants. Our results reveal that RUN1REN1 grapevine plants display a robust defense response against E. necator, leading to unsuccessful fungal establishment with low penetration rate and poor hypha development. This resistance mechanism includes reactive oxygen species production, callose accumulation, programmed cell death induction and mainly VvSTS36 and VvPEN1 gene activation. RUN1REN1 plants have a great potential as new table grape cultivars with durable complete resistance to E. necator, and are valuable germplasm to be included in grape breeding programs to continue pyramiding with other sources of resistance to grapevine diseases.

  12. Katheterbasierte renale Sympathikus-Denervation zur Behandlung der therapierefraktären Hypertonie - Eine kritische Übersicht zu einer vielversprechenden Therapie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Schillinger M

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Die katheterbasierte renale Denervation stellt eine vielversprechende, derzeit jedoch noch experimentelle Methode zur Behandlung der refraktären Hypertonie dar. Der vorliegende Übersichtsartikel fasst die aktuelle Studienlage zusammen und beleuchtet einige kritische und ungeklärte Aspekte der Methode.

  13. Amygdalin isolated from Semen Persicae (Tao Ren) extracts induces the expression of follistatin in HepG2 and C2C12 cell lines

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Yang, Chuanbin; Li, Xuechen; Rong, Jianhui

    2014-01-01

    .... The aqueous extracts of seven ISF-1 ingredients including Semen Persicae (Tao Ren) and the S. Persicae-derived fractions were assayed for the induction of follistatin mRNA expression in human hepatocarcinoma HepG2 cells by RT-PCR...

  14. Tagging SNPs in REN, AGTR1 and AGTR2 genes and response of renin activity, angiotensin II and aldosterone concentrations to antihypertensive treatment in Kazakans.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yan, Weili; Zhang, Yuanming; Shan, Zimei; Wang, Qian; Huang, Yongdi; Wang, Chenchen; Yan, Kai

    2011-12-01

    Polymorphisms of REN, AGTR1 and AGTR2 may be associated with responses of renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) activity phenotypes to angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEI) antihypertensive treatment. A total of 400 first diagnosed Kazak hypertensives were randomly allocated to two groups and received a 3-week course of either captopril and atenolol as monotherapy under double blinding. Genotype-phenotype association analyses were performed by covariance analyses between baseline level and responses of blood pressure, renin, angiotensin II and aldosterone concentrations with tagging single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in REN, AGTR1 and AGTR2 genes. A false discovery rate method was used to adjust multiple testing. After adjustment for multiple testing, we found that the G allele of rs6676670 (T/G) in intron 1 of REN was significantly associated with higher baseline aldosterone concentrations (p < 0.0001, explained variance (EV) = 2.3%). Significant associations after adjustments were also found between the A allele of rs2887284, with higher baseline renin activity (p = 0.022, EV = 1.0%), higher responses of renin (p = 0.018 EV = 5.4%), and higher responses of angiotensin II (p = 0.0255, EV = 3.13%) to the treatment of ACEI. The carriers of the A allele of rs2887284 appeared to be more sensitive to the ACEI treatment. rs2887284 in intron 9 of REN is associated with the response of renin and angiotensin II levels to ACEI treatment.

  15. A Study on the FengShui Ideas and Application in Three Kingdom Period in Korea%朝鲜半岛三国时代对中国风水的认识与接纳

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金惠贞[韩国

    2012-01-01

    The inducing time of traditional Chinese FengShui to Korea, has been crossed lips generally with the inducing time of Buddhism. That is, it is generally considered to be the beginning period of 8C. of SinLuo Dynasty. But it should be regarded as Three Kingdom Period in Korea. Long before Three Kingdom Period, in GaoJuLi region, the dragon which was closely connected with Feng- Shui ideas thousands years ago had been treated as an important creature, and ancient stones were constructed on the basis of geograph- ical features, solemn funeral, and distinct bearing thoughts. This means that before the inducement of Chinese FengShui through the cultural correspondence with China, it had its own geographical ideas, and that there was basic soil to induce Chinese FengShui or something Bimilar with Fen~Shui. In this envirionment, LuoPan and the defense tombs system of GaoJuLi, Zhen's epitaph, GaoJuLi tombs wall painting and an astronomical chart, the positioning of tombs of JiaYe Dynasty and remains, the positioning of BaiJi WuNing king~ tomb, its structure and remains, the recording of old books of Korea, shows that Chinese FengShui was well known to people and actually vigorously adopted on the structure of tombs in Three Kingdom Period. This provides the possibility that Chinese FengShui made contributions to some extent on the choice of location of the temples which had been constructed in Three Kingdom Period, and have continued to prosper until today.%中国风水不是在统一新罗时期传来的,在这之前的三国时代对中国风水的认识与接纳是很明显的,风水成为三国时代的主要文化因素,并在墓葬中应用了中国风水。《崇福寺碑文》的风水内容及佛国寺的建立,是经过几百年的风水认识与实践以后,对中国风水接纳的结果。

  16. Une lettre inédite de René Dumesnil à Marcel Proust du 19 janvier 1920

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pyra Wise

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available PrésentationJusqu’à ce jour le lecteur de la correspondance de Proust connaissait l’existence d’une lettre de René Dumesnil félicitant Proust pour son article « À propos du "style" de Flaubert », paru dans la Nouvelle Revue française, le 1er janvier 1920. Mais il ne pouvait en lire qu’un extrait de moins de deux phrases, non daté, puisque l’éditeur de cette correspondance, Philip Kolb, n’avait pas eu accès à la lettre autographe et s’était vu obligé de reprendre le très court extrait publié e...

  17. [Individual significance and growing complexity: contributions of Sigmund Freud and René Spitz to developmental psychology].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Emde, R N

    1998-01-01

    Contributions of Sigmund Freud and René Spitz to developmental psychology are presented in terms of today's research. The work of each of these pioneers draws our attention to the need for increasing our knowledge about the meaning of individual experience and increasing complexity in the course of development. Freud's contribution to today's developmental thinking is reviewed in terms of his observations of play, his schematic perspectives on developmental processes, and his innovative theoretical approaches involving nonconscious mental activity in the context of constructivism. Spitz's contribution to today's thinking is reviewed according to a similar array of topics. These include his observational assessments of infants, his schematic perspectives on developmental processes, and his innovative theoretical approaches involving affective communications in the context of caregiving.

  18. Prof. CHEN Ke-ji Winning the Prize of "Ren Ji Cup" for International Contribution to Chinese Medicine by WFCMS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ In order to promote the exchange and cooperation of Chinese medicine among the states and regions globally and fasten the step of Chinese medicine to the world, the World Federation of Chinese Medicine Societies (WFCMS) has set up an award for those who have greatly contributed to medical treatment, education, scientific research of Chinese medicine, and the establishment of the statutory registration of Chinese medicine. The First International Contribution to Chinese Medicine Award Ceremony was held on April 10 at the Great Hall of the People in China. Prof. CHEN Ke-ji (China), Lin Tzi Chang (Australia) and David Molony (U.S.A) were awarded "Ren Ji Cup", the Prize for International Contribution to Chinese Medicine.

  19. The Nothingness of the Anguish in Søren Kierkegaard’s work as Modernity’s Infernal Redemption

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisc-Norbert Ormeny

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The intention of this short study is to discuss the reverberations of Søren Kierkegaard’s philosophical considerations on anguish and on void in the context of the latest postmodern theoretical trends (Ben Woodard’s dark vitalism, by presenting the mechanisms by means of which the anguish gets to produce an “existential switch” which extracts the individual from the register of disintegration and introduces him into the register of the project (Heideggerianly speaking. I will try to demonstrate the compatibility between the structures of the late modernity and the Kierkegaardian vision on tension and on paradox, and will I will attempt to connect the possible findings to the relevant and congenial phenomenological, existentialist and aesthetic theories or set of theories circulating in today’s exegetical canon

  20. Activation of angiotensin-(1-7)/Mas axis in the brain lowers blood pressure and attenuates cardiac remodeling in hypertensive transgenic (mRen2)27 rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kangussu, Lucas M; Guimaraes, Priscila S; Nadu, Ana Paula; Melo, Marcos B; Santos, Robson A S; Campagnole-Santos, Maria Jose

    2015-10-01

    Activation of the peripheral angiotensin-(1-7)/Mas axis of the renin-angiotensin system produces important cardioprotective actions, counterbalancing the deleterious actions of an overactivity of Ang II/AT1 axis. In the present study we evaluated whether the chronic increase in Ang-(1-7) levels in the brain could ameliorate cardiac disorders observed in transgenic (mRen2)27 hypertensive rats through actions on Mas receptor. Sprague Dawley (SD) and transgenic (mRen2)27 hypertensive rats, instrumented with telemetry probe for arterial pressure (AP) measurement were subjected to 14 days of ICV infusion of Ang-(1-7) (200 ng/h) or Ang-(1-7) associated with Mas receptor antagonist (A779, 1 μg/h) or 0.9% sterile saline (0.5 μl/h) through osmotic mini-pumps. Ang-(1-7) infusion in (mRen2)27 rats reduced blood pressure, normalized the baroreflex control of HR, restored cardiac autonomic balance, reduced cardiac hypertrophy and pre-fibrotic alterations and decreased the altered imbalance of Ang II/Ang-(1-7) in the heart. In addition, there was an attenuation of the increased levels of atrial natriuretic peptide, brain natriuretic peptide, collagen I, fibronectin and TGF-β in the heart of (mRen2)27 rats. Furthermore, most of these effects were mediated in the brain by Mas receptor, since were blocked by its selective antagonist, A779. These data indicate that increasing Ang-(1-7) levels in the brain can attenuate cardiovascular disorders observed in (mRen2)27 hypertensive rats, probably by improving the autonomic balance to the heart due to centrally-mediated actions on Mas receptor. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  1. Determination of heavy metals and metals levels in five fish species from Işıklı Dam Lake and Karacaören Dam Lake (Turkey).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kalyoncu, Leyla; Kalyoncu, Hasan; Arslan, Gülşin

    2012-04-01

    The concentrations of heavy metals and metals (Zn, Pb, Bi, Cd, Ni, Co, Fe, Mn, Mg, Cu, Cr, Ca, Sr, Na, Li, K) were measured in muscle of five species Cyprinus carpio (from Işıklı dam), Scardinius erythrophthalmus (from Işıklı dam), Tinca tinca (from Işıklı dam), C. carpio (from Karacaören dam), Carassius carassius (from Karacaören dam) caught from Işıklı and Karacaören. The highest metal was Na (466.95 μg/g) in C. carassius, while the lowest levels were Fe (0.37 μg/g) and Cu (0.37 μg/g) in C. carpio from Işıklı dam. The mean concentrations μg/g d.w. some of heavy metals in muscle of C. carpio (from Işıklı dam), S. erythrophthalmus (from Işıklı dam), T. tinca (from Işıklı dam), C. carpio (from Karacaören dam), C. carassius (from Karacaören dam) were as follows: Cd 2.00-2.10-1.95-2.06-2.27, Zn 4.36-2.64-13.13-13.33-24.47, Pb 1.65-1.24-1.90-2.37-2.41, Co 2.46-2.37-2.48-2.58-2.80, Mg 138.51-154.35-218.59-204.58-202.16, Fe 0.37-2.62-3.17-3.01-12.33, respectively.

  2. Association of the polymorphism 12109g>A from the REN gene as a risk factor for preterm birth

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irám P Rodríguez-Sánchez

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Preterm birth is the most important cause of neonatal mortality and morbidity. It is a multifactorial disease with different etiologies, including genetic factors. Genetic variability is represented by single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs in genes of proteins involved in the contractile activity. We determine the association between SNP 12109G> A in REN associated with preterm birth and premature rupture of membrane. Materials and methods: A study of cases (N=112, 22–36 weeks of gestation; mean: 31, 95% confidence interval 30.7–32.2 and controls (N=66; 38–40 weeks of gestation from the last menstrual period; mean: 39.8, 95% confidence interval 38.9–39.4 was performed. Genomic DNA was isolated in all patients from peripheral blood. The SNP 12109G> A (Mbo I in REN was typified by PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism. Results: A significant difference in the case group for the SNP 12109G>A was observed. The A allele was increased in women with preterm birth (81% cases vs. 15% control, p A has odds ratio 6.62 (95% confidence interval 3.14–14.15, which means a high risk of preterm birth/premature rupture of membrane in presence of allele A, both in homozygotes and in heterozygotes. Conclusion: Allelic frequency of A of SNP 12109G>A was higher in women with preterm birth than in women with normal vaginal delivery and could be considered a risk factor.

  3. Issues in the Studies on Scientific Thought of Xue Feng-zuo%薛凤祚科学思想研究的若干问题

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马来平

    2012-01-01

    关于《历学会通》对哥白尼日心体系的修改问题,科学史工作者提供的证据颇有说服力,应予以认真对待,但尚有探讨余地;明末清初正是中国传统天文历法、数学与占验开始萌发分离动向的时期,薛凤祚是这一潮流的见证人和主要参与者。其占验思想是其科学思想的有机组成部分,应给予宽容而客观的分析和评价;薛凤祚的科学观是其科学思想的核心,研究它须以近代科学观为参照系,如此,方能正确判断其科学观的性质,厘清其中弥足珍贵的近代因素。%Concerning the amendation of Copernicus's Heliocentric theory in Li Xue Hui Tong,historians of science have provided convincing evidences,which should be taken seriously and needs further investigation.Xue Feng-zuo was the witness and the main participant in the trend of Chinese traditional astronomy,calendar and mathematics dissociating from divination during the period of late Ming Dynasty and early Qing Dynasty.His thought on divination is an integral part of his scientific thought system,which should be given to tolerant and objective analysis and evaluation.Xue Feng-zuo's view of science is the core of his scientific thoughts,on which researches need to be based on the modern view of science to determine the nature of his view of science and clarify the precious modern factors from it.

  4. Interview with René Yáñez, artist, co-founder of the Galería de la Raza, San Francisco, CA, USA, August 13, 2001 Entretien avec René Yáñez, artiste, co-fondateur de la Galería de la Raza, San Francisco, CA, Etats-Unis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gérard Selbach

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available René Yáñez is an all-round visual artist and visionary, now in his sixties. He came out of the Chicano movement of the 70’s and was instrumental in founding the Galería de la Raza in the Mission district of San Francisco. He remained some fifteen years as its director, curating exhibitions, directing and promoting emerging artists of all kinds. He then worked as director of cultural programming at the Mexican Museum until its closure. René Yáñez co-produced Mexican performance artist Astrid H...

  5. 自拟痛风汤加减治疗老年原发性痛风30例%Modified Self-made TongFengTang in Treating 30 Cases of Senile Primary Gout

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙涛

    2012-01-01

    目的:观察自拟痛风汤加减治疗老年原发性痛风的疗效.方法:以自拟痛风汤为基础方辨证加减,治疗痛风30例,1荆/d,7天1个疗程,治疗1~3个疗程后观察临床疗效及血尿酸变化情况.结果:总有效率为93.3%.结论:自拟痛风汤治疗痛风疗效显著.%Objective: To observe therapeutic effects of modified self-made TongFengTang in treating primary gout. Method: Self-made TongFengTang, modified based on syndrome differentiation and treatment, was used to treat 30 cases of gout, one dose per day, one course of treatment was seven days, curative effects and changes of blood uric acid were observed after one to three courses of treatment. Result: Total effective rate was 93.3%. Conclusion: Self-made TongFengTang shows significant effects in treating gout.

  6. 塞隆风湿酒对小鼠镇痛、抗寒的实验研究%Experimental Research Analgesic and resist-cool effects in Mice by Sai long Feng shi Wine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐淑玲; 沈华; 王笑红

    2001-01-01

    To investigate Analgesic and resist-cool effects of sai long Feng shi wine in mice. Methods: Analgesic action of sai long Feng shi wine was obserated acetic acid-induced writhing test in mice. Anti-cool test was obserad in mice in -20℃ refrigerator.Results: Sai long feng shi wine can inhibit writing reaction and prolong the surrival time in cooled mice.%目的:观察塞隆风湿酒A、B及大小剂量对小鼠镇痛、抗寒冷作用影响。方法:采用昆明系小鼠灌胃塞隆酒A、B不同剂量,观察各组动物对醋酸致痛后发生扭体反应数及各组动物在-20℃低温条件下存活时间。结果:塞隆风湿酒A、B大小剂量对实验动物具有明显的镇痛及抗寒作用。

  7. Explanation Practice of Political Comment and Literature-On the Literary Criticism of FENG Xuefeng%政论与文艺的解释学实践——冯雪峰文学批评研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘志华; 周兴清

    2012-01-01

    以文艺政策为参照,以自身文艺领导干部的合法优势来确立文学批评标准和内容的规范,这是作为一个文学“批评”家的冯雪峰之文学批评“政论”特色的具体体现。另一方面,作为一个“文学”批评家,冯雪峰在典型、现实主义、艺术真实等问题上都有着一个艺术家所具有的艺术感受和认识。故其文学批评呈现出“政论与文艺”兼具的特色。%Analysing the literary policy as the reference, and establishing the standard and the content standard of the literary criticism by the leading cadre's legitimate superiority, which was the concrete manifestation of FENG Xuefeng' literary criticism "the political comment " characteristic when he is a literary "critics". On the other hand, FENG Xuefeng had some artistic feeling and understanding on the type, realism, art reality when he is a "literary" critics. So FENG Xuefeng' literary criticism showed the characteristics of both literature and political comment.

  8. Enlightenment and Sensing:Hu Feng's Literary Thought Associated with Lu Xun's Spirit%启蒙与实感:胡风文艺思想与鲁迅传统的关联

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡洞峰

    2015-01-01

    胡风的文艺思想通过其在现实的实践斗争中形成了启蒙现实主义理论体系.胡风继承了鲁迅的文学"为人生"的"五四"启蒙精神,将启蒙思想纳入到他的"主观战斗精神"、"大众化"等理论体系中,并通过文学的"实感"使启蒙思想通过文学的方式得以实现.总体说来,通过文学实现五四启蒙精神,并建构起启蒙现实主义的理论是胡风传承鲁迅精神的实质和核心.%Hu Feng's literary thought is the enlightenment theory of realism formed through his practical struggle. Inherited from Lu Xun's "May 4th"spirit of enlightenment in literature "for life", Hu Feng brought the enlightenment thought into his theoretical system of "Subjective fighting spirit" and "Popularity", and had the enlightenment thought come into being by literary"sensing" in literature. Generally speaking, the essence and core of Hu Feng's inheritance from Lu Xun's spirit is to realize "May 4th"spirit of enlightenment in literature, and subsequently to form his own enlightenment theory of realism

  9. Feng Menglong's Thoughts on Literature and their Origin from Confucianism%冯梦龙的文学思想及其儒学根源

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周群

    2000-01-01

    冯梦龙是一位致力于通俗文学的创作与批评的文学家。冯梦龙的尚俗主张主要是就文学体裁而言.冯梦龙的“情教”说,本源于儒家的学术思想.冯梦龙的文学直接承嗣了李贽,汤显祖、袁宏道等人的文学主张,并在俗文学领域中得到了新的拓展。%Feng Menglong is a writer and critic of popular literature. His thoughts on popularity of literary creation refer tc the genre of literature. His thoughts on literature's purpose of arousing emotions and education come from Confucianism. His literary creations are based on the development from his inheritance of the thoughts of Li Zhi, Tang Xianzu and Yuan Hongdao.

  10. “学雷锋”的假作文与德育教育反思%False composition of "Lei Feng" and the moral education reflection

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    舍娜莉

    2013-01-01

      “学雷锋”假作文折射出德育教育理念功利、内容空洞和方法单一等诸多问题,德国无私的德育理念、日本丰富的德育内容和美国宽松的德育方法给予我们很多思考和借鉴。培养诚实守信、脚踏实地、勇于担当的国民才是中国发展崛起的希望。%"Lei Feng" false composition reflects the moral education utilitarian, devoid of content and method for single and many other issues, methods of moral education moral education content of German selfless moral concept, Japan and the United States of America rich loose to give us a lot of thinking and reference. Honest culture, stand on solid ground, to bear the national is the Chinese development of the rise of hope.

  11. Application of fine-controlling technology of ballastless track in Tai-Zhong-Yin railway%无砟轨道精调技术在太中银铁路中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李鑫

    2012-01-01

    结合太中银铁路无砟轨道精调施工案例,对无砟轨道精调工作作了概述,重点归纳了精调作业流程及技术要点,并总结了一些经验及建议,通过精调施工,轨道的状态达到了理想的效果,保证了线路的平顺性及乘车的舒适性。%Integrating with fine-controlling construction example of ballastless track of Tai-Zhong-Yin railway, the paper illustrates the fine-con- trolling work of ballastless track, mainly summarizes fine-controlling procedures and technological points, and outlines some experience and sug- gestions. Through fine-controlling construction, the track achieves ideal effect, which guarantees the smooth and comfort travel.

  12. 18th May 2011 - Chinese State Administration of Foreign Experts Affairs (SAFEA) Deputy Director-General M. LU (State Council of China) in the ATLAS visitors centre with Collaboration Deputy Spokesperson A. Lankford and Collaboration member Z. Ren.

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2011-01-01

    18th May 2011 - Chinese State Administration of Foreign Experts Affairs (SAFEA) Deputy Director-General M. LU (State Council of China) in the ATLAS visitors centre with Collaboration Deputy Spokesperson A. Lankford and Collaboration member Z. Ren.

  13. On the Restoration and Construction of Qie Zhong Ci to the Object-chanting Ci Theory%《箧中词》对咏物词理论的修补和建构

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁美丽

    2012-01-01

    Qie Zhong Ci is an important Ci anthology in the Qing Dynasty Ci,widely admired by Ci theorists.Current studies of the anthology mainly focus on Tan Xian's theories on Ci,and the discussion of the composition of anthology.Yet few scholars have ever paid attention to the fact that a great number of object-chanting Ci are selected in Qie zhong Ci with comments.In this paper,the study mainly focuses on the Tan Xian's contribution in restoring and constructing the object-chanting Ci theory from the following four perspectives: meaning under the apparent form,representation with Bi Xing,aesthetic pursuit for naturalness and vagueness,and broad theoretical vision.%《箧中词》是清代重要的词选本,颇为词家推崇。目前对《箧中词》的研究多集中在探讨谭献的词学思想和从词选角度进行系统研究与理论阐释,而对《箧中词》编选大量咏物词并进行评点,学者们则关注较少。文章从别有怀抱的内蕴要求、比兴寄托的表现方法、幽涩自然的美学追求和广阔的理论视野四个方面来论述谭献对咏物词理论的修补和建构。

  14. Celebrating Two Centuries since the Invention of the Stethoscope. René Théophile Hyacinthe Laënnec (1781-1826).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tomos, Ioannis; Karakatsani, Anna; Manali, Effrosyni D; Papiris, Spyros A

    2016-10-01

    René Théophile Hyacinthe Laënnec (1781-1826), a French physician, is considered one of the pioneers of respiratory medicine. His contribution to the invention of the stethoscope and to the development of clinical auscultation played a key role in the progress of the diagnosis of chest diseases. Almost two centuries after his invention of the stethoscope, his achievements continue to be widely appreciated and used by modern physicians in current pulmonology.

  15. Clinical Efficacy of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Suan Zao Ren Tang, for Sleep Disturbance during Methadone Maintenance: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial

    OpenAIRE

    Yuan-Yu Chan; Yi-Hung Chen; Szu-Nian Yang; Wan-Yu Lo; Jaung-Geng Lin

    2015-01-01

    Methadone maintenance therapy is an effective treatment for opiate dependence, but more than three-quarters of persons receiving the treatment report sleep quality disturbances. In this double-blind, randomized, controlled trial, we recruited 90 individuals receiving methadone for at least one month who reported sleep disturbances and had Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) scores > 5. The purpose of this study was to determine whether Suan Zao Ren Tang, one of the most commonly prescribed ...

  16. Suan Zao Ren Tang in Combination with Zhi Zi Chi Tang as a Treatment Protocol for Insomniacs with Anxiety: A Randomized Parallel-Controlled Trial

    OpenAIRE

    Lin-lin Hu; Xin Zhang; Wen-juan Liu; Mei Li; Yong-hua Zhang

    2015-01-01

    Insomnia is a serious worldwide health problem that is often comorbid with anxiety. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy of a Chinese formula containing Suan Zao Ren Tang (SZRT) and Zhi Zi Chi Tang (ZZCT; SZR-ZZC) for improving sleep quality and anxiety states with four indices of Polysomnography (PSG), the Insomnia Severity Index (ISI), the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), and the Self Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS). Methods. A randomized, parallel-controlled trial...

  17. Management von Patienten vor und nach Implantation eines transjugulären intrahepatischen portosystemischen Shunts (TIPS) - Bericht der Vienna TIPS Study Group

    OpenAIRE

    2003-01-01

    Die Implantation eines transjugulären intrahepatischen portosystemischen Shunts (TIPS) ist ein minimal-invasiver Eingriff zur Therapie und Prävention der Komplikationen von portaler Hypertension durch Senkung des portalvenösen Drucks. In Wien werden seit 1991 TIPS-Implantationen durchgeführt und bis heute wurden über 560 Patienten an 5 verschiedenen Zentren mit TIPS therapiert. Im Rahmen der multizentischen Kooperation wurde es offensichtlich, daß durch ein einheitliches Vorgehen innerhalb de...

  18. Attenuation of salt-induced cardiac remodeling and diastolic dysfunction by the GPER agonist G-1 in female mRen2.Lewis rats.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jewell A Jessup

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: The G protein-coupled estrogen receptor (GPER is expressed in various tissues including the heart. Since the mRen2.Lewis strain exhibits salt-dependent hypertension and early diastolic dysfunction, we assessed the effects of the GPER agonist (G-1, 40 nmol/kg/hr for 14 days or vehicle (VEH, DMSO/EtOH on cardiac function and structure. METHODS: Intact female mRen2.Lewis rats were fed a normal salt (0.5% sodium; NS diet or a high salt (4% sodium; HS diet for 10 weeks beginning at 5 weeks of age. RESULTS: Prolonged intake of HS in mRen2.Lewis females resulted in significantly increased blood pressure, mildly reduced systolic function, and left ventricular (LV diastolic compliance (as signified by a reduced E deceleration time and E deceleration slope, increased relative wall thickness, myocyte size, and mid-myocardial interstitial and perivascular fibrosis. G-1 administration attenuated wall thickness and myocyte hypertrophy, with nominal effects on blood pressure, LV systolic function, LV compliance and cardiac fibrosis in the HS group. G-1 treatment significantly increased LV lusitropy [early mitral annular descent (e'] independent of prevailing salt, and improved the e'/a' ratio in HS versus NS rats (P<0.05 as determined by tissue Doppler. CONCLUSION: Activation of GPER improved myocardial relaxation in the hypertensive female mRen2.Lewis rat and reduced cardiac myocyte hypertrophy and wall thickness in those rats fed a high salt diet. Moreover, these advantageous effects of the GPER agonist on ventricular lusitropy and remodeling do not appear to be associated with overt changes in blood pressure.

  19. Clinical Efficacy of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Suan Zao Ren Tang, for Sleep Disturbance during Methadone Maintenance: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuan-Yu Chan

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Methadone maintenance therapy is an effective treatment for opiate dependence, but more than three-quarters of persons receiving the treatment report sleep quality disturbances. In this double-blind, randomized, controlled trial, we recruited 90 individuals receiving methadone for at least one month who reported sleep disturbances and had Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI scores > 5. The purpose of this study was to determine whether Suan Zao Ren Tang, one of the most commonly prescribed traditional Chinese medications for treatment of insomnia, improves subjective sleep among methadone-maintained persons with disturbed sleep quality. Ninety patients were randomly assigned to intervention group (n=45 and placebo group (n=45, and all participants were analyzed. Compared with placebo treatment, Suan Zao Ren Tang treatment for four weeks produced a statistically significant improvement in the mean total PSQI scores (P=0.007 and average sleep efficiency (P=0.017. All adverse events (e.g., lethargy, diarrhea, and dizziness were mild in severity. Suan Zao Ren Tang is effective for improving sleep quality and sleep efficiency among methadone-maintained patients with sleep complaints.

  20. Clinical Efficacy of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Suan Zao Ren Tang, for Sleep Disturbance during Methadone Maintenance: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chan, Yuan-Yu; Chen, Yi-Hung; Yang, Szu-Nian; Lo, Wan-Yu; Lin, Jaung-Geng

    2015-01-01

    Methadone maintenance therapy is an effective treatment for opiate dependence, but more than three-quarters of persons receiving the treatment report sleep quality disturbances. In this double-blind, randomized, controlled trial, we recruited 90 individuals receiving methadone for at least one month who reported sleep disturbances and had Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) scores > 5. The purpose of this study was to determine whether Suan Zao Ren Tang, one of the most commonly prescribed traditional Chinese medications for treatment of insomnia, improves subjective sleep among methadone-maintained persons with disturbed sleep quality. Ninety patients were randomly assigned to intervention group (n = 45) and placebo group (n = 45), and all participants were analyzed. Compared with placebo treatment, Suan Zao Ren Tang treatment for four weeks produced a statistically significant improvement in the mean total PSQI scores (P = 0.007) and average sleep efficiency (P = 0.017). All adverse events (e.g., lethargy, diarrhea, and dizziness) were mild in severity. Suan Zao Ren Tang is effective for improving sleep quality and sleep efficiency among methadone-maintained patients with sleep complaints.

  1. Fatty Acid Composition of the Muscle Lipids of Five Fish Species in Işıklı and Karacaören Dam Lake, Turkey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ozcan Baris Citil

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Total fatty acid composition of muscle lipids in some fish species (Cyprinus carpio (Işıklı Dam Lake, Tinca tinca (Işıklı Dam Lake, Scardinius erythrophthalmus (Işıklı Dam Lake, Cyprinus carpio (Karacaören Dam Lake, and Carassius carassius (Karacaören Dam Lake was determined by gas chromatography. Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs of Cyprinus carpio (Işıklı Dam Lake were found higher than PUFA of other species. Palmitic acid was the highest saturated fatty acid (SFA in Tinca tinca (24.64%. Oleic acid was the highest monounsaturated fatty acid (MUFAs in Cyprinus carpio (Işıklı Dam Lake (19.25%. The most abundant polyunsaturated fatty acid in Scardinius erythrophthalmus was docosahexaenoic acid (DHA (17.94%. Total ω3 fatty acid composition was higher than the total ω6 fatty acids of Cyprinus carpio in both dam lakes. ω3/ω6 rates in Cyprinus carpio (Işıklı Dam Lake, Tinca tinca, Scardinius erythrophthalmus, Cyprinus carpio (Karacaören, and Carassius carassius were 2.12, 1.19, 2.15, 2.87, and 2.82, respectively.

  2. Norbert Ricken, Nicole Balzer (Hg.: Judith Butler: Pädagogische Lektüren. Wiesbaden: Springer VS 2012.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sahra Dornick

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Ausgehend von Judith Butlers subjekt- und gesellschaftstheoretischen Interventionen beleuchten die Autor/-innen des erziehungswissenschaftlich orientierten Sammelbandes unterschiedliche Verhältnisse von Bildung und Geschlecht. In dem klar strukturierten Buch berücksichtigen sie dabei sowohl allgemeine Verflechtungsbeziehungen, theoretische Zusammenhänge als auch empirische Studien und interdiskursive Lektüren. Der solchermaßen umfassend herausgearbeitete Einblick in das erziehungswissenschaftliche Potential von Judith Butlers Theorie rahmt ihren hier erstmalig veröffentlichten Aufsatz „Gender and Education“ überzeugend ein.Based on Judith Butler’s subject- and social-theoretical interventions, the authors of this pedagogy-oriented anthology investigate various relationships of education and gender. This clearly structured book considers general complex interrelationships, theoretical connections, as well as empirical studies and interdiscursive readings. The comprehensive and elaborate insights into the pedagogical potential of Judith Butler’s theory convincingly frame her essay “Gender and Education,” which is published for the first time in this work.

  3. Diatom community and palaeoenvironmental properties of Karacaören diatomite deposits (Nevşehir, Central Anatolia, Turkey)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yıldız, Ayşegül; Gürel, Ali; Dursun, Yusuf Gökhan

    2017-10-01

    The diatom community and palaeoenvironmental properties of volcano genetic diatomite deposits that outcrop in the Karacaören (Nevşehir) area are described. Two stratigraphic sections were measured in the study area. One of these sections was measured in Quaternary lake units (K1), and the other in lacustrine sediments of the late Miocene-Pliocene Ürgüp Formation's Bayramhacılı Member (K2). According to stratigraphic and chemical characteristics of the sections, two distinct paleogeographic domains were determined in the study area. One of these, the shallow lacustrine to fluvial area (Quaternary) which is represented by an alternating sequence of diatomite, silt/mud, and tuffite. The other was the deeper lacustrine stage (late Miocene) which is represented by diatomites with some interbedded mud facies, chert and volcanics. From the diatomite samples of these sections, twenty-five species of 10 different diatom genera were identified. When evaluated together, the ecological properties and the distribution of numerical values of the determined diatom genera and species, showed that the study area's diatomite was generally deposited in shallow, high temperature, nutrient-rich water, where nitrogen and phosphorus were abundant and which was an alkaline (pH > 7) freshwater lake environment. Over time the pH value of the environment decreased (pH < 7), and the environment became acidic.

  4. Suan zao ren tang as an original treatment for sleep difficulty in climacteric women: a prospective clinical observation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yeh, Chia-Hao; Arnold, Christof K; Chen, Yen-Hui; Lai, Jung-Nein

    2011-01-01

    Little scientific evidence supports the efficacy of herbal medicines in the treatment of women with sleep difficulty during the climacteric period. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of Suan Zao Ren Tang (SZRT) in reducing the impact of sleep disturbance on climacteric women, as measured by Pittsburg sleep quality index (PSQI) and the World Health Organization quality of life (WHOQOL). Sixty-seven climacteric women with sleep difficulty intending to treat received SZRT at a rate of 4.0 g, thrice daily for four weeks (MRS < 16, n = 34; MRS ≥ 16, n = 33). After taking into account potential confounding factors, the mean PSQI total scores had fallen from 13.0 (±2.9) to 9.0 (±3.2) (95% confidence interval -4.93, -3.10). Further analyses showed that SZRT produced superior benefit of daytime dysfunction in women with severe menopausal symptoms (MRS ≥ 16). There were three of the withdrawals involved treatment-related adverse events (stomachache, diarrhea, and dizziness). Excluding women with a past history of stomachache, diarrhea, or dizziness, four weeks of therapy with SZRT appears to be a relatively safe and effective short-term therapeutic option in improving daytime function of climacteric women with poor sleep quality.

  5. Suan Zao Ren Tang as an Original Treatment for Sleep Difficulty in Climacteric Women: A Prospective Clinical Observation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chia-Hao Yeh

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Little scientific evidence supports the efficacy of herbal medicines in the treatment of women with sleep difficulty during the climacteric period. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of Suan Zao Ren Tang (SZRT in reducing the impact of sleep disturbance on climacteric women, as measured by Pittsburg sleep quality index (PSQI and the World Health Organization quality of life (WHOQOL. Sixty-seven climacteric women with sleep difficulty intending to treat received SZRT at a rate of 4.0 g, thrice daily for four weeks (MRS<16, n=34; MRS≥16, n=33. After taking into account potential confounding factors, the mean PSQI total scores had fallen from 13.0 (±2.9 to 9.0 (±3.2 (95% confidence interval −4.93, −3.10. Further analyses showed that SZRT produced superior benefit of daytime dysfunction in women with severe menopausal symptoms (MRS≥16. There were three of the withdrawals involved treatment-related adverse events (stomachache, diarrhea, and dizziness. Excluding women with a past history of stomachache, diarrhea, or dizziness, four weeks of therapy with SZRT appears to be a relatively safe and effective short-term therapeutic option in improving daytime function of climacteric women with poor sleep quality.

  6. Experimentelle Untersuchung zur Effektivit(a)t der transarteriellen Immuno-Chemoembolisation des hepatozellul(a)ren Karzinoms im Kleintiermodell

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    QIAN Jun; NI Lan; Vossoughi Daryusch; Oppermann Elsie; Maataoui Adel; Vogl Thomas Josef

    2005-01-01

    Zusammenfassung: Evaluierung der kombinierten Therapie bestehend aus transarterieller Chemoembolisation (TACE) und lokaler Immunotherapie des hepatozellul(a) ren Karzinoms (HCC) am Kleintiermodell. Bei m(a)nnlichen ACI-Ratten (n=30) erfolgte nach subkapsul(a)rer Implantation eines soliden Morris Hepatoms (2 mm3) in den linken Leberlappen (Tag 0) die magnettomographische Tumorvolumenbestimmung (V1: Tag 13). Nach retrograder Katheterisierung der Arteria gastroduodenalis wurden die Tiere entsprechend den folgenden Therapieschemata behandelt (Tag 14): (A) TACE (0,1 mg Mitomycin C+0,1 ml Lipiodol)+( TNF (7,5μg)+IL-2 (5×103IU) (n=10); (B) TACE+OK-432 (0,05 mg) +IL-2 (5×103 IU) (n=10); (C) TACE allein (Kontrollgruppe, n=10). Zu Beurteilung des Therapieerfolges der unterschiedlichen Behandlungsprotokolle wurde das Tumorvolumen (V2) erneut magnettomographisch ermittelt (Tag 28). Das durchschnittliche Tumorvolumenverh(a)ltnis (V2/V1) betrug 7,30, 6,53 und 9,14 in Gruppe A, B und C. Im Vergleich zur Kontrollgruppe zeigten die Therapiegruppen A (P<0,05) und B (P<0,01) ein statistisch signifikant geringeres Tumorvolumenverh(a)ltnis (V2/V1). Das Wachstum des induzierten Morris Hepatom wurde unter der kombinierten Therapie von TACE und lokaler Immunotherapie im Tiermodell signifikant, im Vergleich zur Kontrollgruppe, gehemmt.

  7. A proposal to enhance Engineering education in biology and Medicine by following the legacy of René Favaloro.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Armentano, Ricardo L; Cardelino, Juan; Wray, Sandra; Cymberknop, Leandro J; Kun, Luis

    2015-01-01

    The synergy amongst Engineering, Medicine and Biology evolves as fast as these disciplines. We propose to articulate these specialties based on the premise that new professionals must face different situations or crisis due to the so-called islands of excellence. René Favaloro focused his work and struggles against poverty, since malnutrition and environmental degradation may increase the propensity to cardiovascular diseases. Doctor Favaloro has dedicated, throughout his career, a considerable amount of time to prepare and qualify a research group, aware of the importance that an adequate working environment has over the final results. He created a team of young students, engineers, medical doctors, physicists, mathematicians and other specialists. He centered his attention on human resources, in order to disseminate his latest advances in Biology, Medicine and Engineering. We are revising the programs of biomedical engineering education and the application of new pedagogic paradigms, where critical thinking is the key: a holistic challenge that consists of a new way of learning, innovating, communicating and shearing, with a creative attitude that represents quality of perception.

  8. Professor HE Ren Cancer Referred to the Heart%何任教授治癌心法述要

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈元良

    2011-01-01

    国医大师何任教授,系我国著名中医教育家、临床家,浙江中医药大学终身教授.善治内、妇科,肿瘤及疑难杂症.尤其对肿瘤的诊治,提出了"不断扶正,适时祛邪,随证治之"的十二字心法,是肿瘤疾病论治的高度概括,也是对祖国医学治未病--既病防变的诊释和升华.%The National Hospital Master Professor HE Ren, Department of famous Chinese educators, clinicians, tenured professor of Zhejiang University of Traditional Chinese Medicine. Good governance, the department of gynecolo-gy, oncology and diseases. In particular, the diagnosis and treatment of cancer, proposed a "constantly righting, timely Quxie, with the card rule " Twelve Words Heart, a tumor disease, a highly condensed summary of governance, but also to the motherland medical treatment of disease - both anti - change disease Interpretation and sublimation.

  9. Strategies for RUN1 Deployment Using RUN2 and REN2 to Manage Grapevine Powdery Mildew Informed by Studies of Race Specificity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feechan, Angela; Kocsis, Marianna; Riaz, Summaira; Zhang, Wei; Gadoury, David M; Walker, M Andrew; Dry, Ian B; Reisch, Bruce; Cadle-Davidson, Lance

    2015-08-01

    The Toll/interleukin-1 receptor nucleotide-binding site leucine-rich repeat gene, "resistance to Uncinula necator 1" (RUN1), from Vitis rotundifolia was recently identified and confirmed to confer resistance to the grapevine powdery mildew fungus Erysiphe necator (syn. U. necator) in transgenic V. vinifera cultivars. However, sporulating powdery mildew colonies and cleistothecia of the heterothallic pathogen have been found on introgression lines containing the RUN1 locus growing in New York (NY). Two E. necator isolates collected from RUN1 vines were designated NY1-131 and NY1-137 and were used in this study to inform a strategy for durable RUN1 deployment. In order to achieve this, fitness parameters of NY1-131 and NY1-137 were quantified relative to powdery mildew isolates collected from V. rotundifolia and V. vinifera on vines containing alleles of the powdery mildew resistance genes RUN1, RUN2, or REN2. The results clearly demonstrate the race specificity of RUN1, RUN2, and REN2 resistance alleles, all of which exhibit programmed cell death (PCD)-mediated resistance. The NY1 isolates investigated were found to have an intermediate virulence on RUN1 vines, although this may be allele specific, while the Musc4 isolate collected from V. rotundifolia was virulent on all RUN1 vines. Another powdery mildew resistance locus, RUN2, was previously mapped in different V. rotundifolia genotypes, and two alleles (RUN2.1 and RUN2.2) were identified. The RUN2.1 allele was found to provide PCD-mediated resistance to both an NY1 isolate and Musc4. Importantly, REN2 vines were resistant to the NY1 isolates and RUN1REN2 vines combining both genes displayed additional resistance. Based on these results, RUN1-mediated resistance in grapevine may be enhanced by pyramiding with RUN2.1 or REN2; however, naturally occurring isolates in North America display some virulence on vines with these resistance genes. The characterization of additional resistance sources is needed to identify

  10. On the Multiple Perspectives through which Feng Zikai Appreciated the Beauty of Folk Customs%论丰子恺民俗审美的多重视角

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄江平

    2012-01-01

    重视艺术与现实生活的密切联系,是丰子恺审美活动的逻辑起点。面对丰富的民俗生活和民俗事象,丰子恺从多角度、多层面展开民俗审美活动。在物质民俗审美中,丰子恺以对“人间烟火气”的盎然兴致,观察其家乡的衣食住行习俗,捕捉司空见惯的原生态民俗,刻画富于人情味和人情美的民俗生活。在艺术民俗审美中,不仅以玩具与花灯为代表的民间美术和民间工艺品是其民俗审美的重要内容,连日常生活中的叫卖声、小贩的招揽声、打桩的号子声也成了亲切而感人的“自然的音乐”,具有丰富的民俗文化价值。在信仰民俗审美中,他关注了家乡的佛道信仰、祖先崇拜及原始的动植物崇拜,通过对节日仪式的审美观照,展现了丰富的民间宗教信仰和原始巫术遗存。%Attaching importance to the close relationship between art and reality is the logical point of departure of Feng Zikai's aesthetic activities. Faced with a rich variety of folk customs and ways, Feng Zikai pursued his aesthetic appreciation of them from multi-angles and on multi-layers. When appreciating the material folk customs, he showed a keen interest in the everyday life of ordinary people, observing the daily habits of his country folks, taking note of pristine ways and customs which often escape an unobservant eye and depicting folk life that is filled with a human touch. When appreciating folk cus- toms of art, he not only studied typical arts and crafts like toys and festive lanterns, but also "the natural music" of crying one's ware, soliciting customers and chanting while piling that is rich in cultural value. When studying the folk customs of faith, he paid attention to the Buddhist and Taoist faiths of his country folks, their ancestor worship and their primitive wor- ship of animals and plants. Through an aesthetic appreciation of the festive rituals he revealed

  11. 孙维峰治疗痛风性关节炎经验%Sun Wei-feng's Experience of Treating Gouty Arthritis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    劳贝妮

    2016-01-01

    Professor Sun Wei-feng thinks that gouty arthritis during the intermittent period and chronic phase are mainly due to yin deficiency of the liver and kidney leading to the spleen failing to activate,internal phlegmatic dampness,intermingled phlegm and blood stasis blocking in meridians,joints and the viscera.He emphasizes that "deficiency of the liver,spleen and kidney,intermingled phlegm and blood stasis" are the root of gouty arthritis during the intermittent period and chronic phase,so the treatment should focus on "purging turbidity and removing pathogenesis,dissolving the dampness and clearing away heat,activating blood circulation to remove blood stasis." He uses self-made (XZCBD) to treat it.He especially pays attention to prevention and regulation of patients with gouty arthritis.%孙维峰教授认为痛风性关节炎间歇期及慢性期的病因多为肝肾阴虚,脾失健运,痰湿内生,久则痰瘀互结,留滞经脉、关节、脏腑,强调“肝脾肾虚、痰瘀互结”为痛风的发病根源.孙教授认为痛风性关节炎间歇期及慢性期的治疗原则为“泄浊祛邪、化湿清热、活血化瘀”,自拟“泄浊除痹汤”治疗痛风间歇期及慢性期.孙维峰教授特别注重对痛风性关节炎患者生活上的预防调摄.

  12. Analgesic effect and mechanism of the three TCM-herbal drug-combination Tou Feng Yu pill on treatment of migraine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Jia-chuan; Shen, Xiao-fei; Meng, Xian-li; Zhang, Yi; Lai, Xian-rong

    2011-06-15

    It is well known that pain is one of the most important characteristics of migraine. Therefore, it is important and interesting to investigate the analgesic effect and mechanism of drugs which are used to treat migraine. Tou Feng Yu pill (TFY) is a traditional Chinese herbal medicine, consisting of the three Chinese herbal drugs Radix Angelicae dahuricae (Baizhi), Rhizome Ligustici (Chuanxiong) and Folium Camelliae sinensis (green tea) for the treatment of migraine. In this study, we found that TFY could significantly reduce the writhing times induced by acetic acid and licking foot response induced by formalin, and extend the writhing latent period. But the analgesic effect was not observed at hot-plate test. Meanwhile, experimental migrainous model induced by nitroglycerin was used to investigate the therapeutic effect of TFY. Compared with the control group, the levels of plasma calcitonin gene related to peptide (CGRP), serum nitric oxide (NO) and contents of brain dopamine (DA) in TFY administration groups were significantly decreased, and the levels of plasma endothelin (ET) and contents of brain 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) and norepinephrine (NE) were remarkably increased, also the ratio of ET/NO was clearly corrected. Furthermore, the improving effect of behavior abnormality was observed in TFY administration rats. Meanwhile, isolated vascular ring test indicated that TFY had an significant effect on vasomotion, and antagonize vasospasm; moreover TFY also could increase cerebral blood flow (CBF) and reduce cerebrovascular resistance index (RI) in normal rabbits, which verified the effect of TFY on vasomotion and abnormal hemorheology. All the results indicate that TFY has an effective therapeutical action on migraine, which may be related to three aspects as following: firstly, adjusting the level of neurotransmitters, neuropeptides and vasoactive substances, relieving neurogenic inflammation; secondly, improving vasomotion, increase cerebral blood flow

  13. Influence of acupuncturing Feng-fu acupoint on jaw-opening reflex of rats with tension-type headache%针刺风府穴对紧张型头痛大鼠张颌反射的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴宏赟; 王希友; 王福文; 侯书伟

    2014-01-01

    Objective To explore the influence of acupuncturing Feng-fu acupoint on amplitude and latency of jaw-opening reflex (JOR) of rats with tension-type headache (TTH). Methods The TTH rat model was prepared by injecting ATP into rats' bilateral semispinalis capitis. 40 SPF-Wistar rats weighting 220-260 g, half male and half female, were divided into four groups: blank group, model group, Feng-fu acupoint group and non-acpoint group. Change of pain threshold and sensitivity of muscle and fascia in head and neck was observed by making quantitative analysis on JOR amplitude and latency of TTH model rats. Results No change of JOR's amplitude and latency was caused in blank group with NS injected into semispinalis capitis (P>0.05), JOR's amplitude was decreased in model group with ATP in-jected (P0.05), JOR's amplitude was increased and latency was shortened in Feng-fu acupoint group, JOR's amplitude was increased in non-acupoint group (P 0.05). Compared with model group, JOR's amplitude and latency of Feng-fu acupoint group were increased remarkably (P 0.05). Compared with non-acupoint group, JOR's amplitude of Feng-fu acupoint group was increased observably (P 0.05). Conclusion Acupuncturing Feng-fu acupoint could increase JOR's amplitude and extend its latency, in oth-er words, it can increase pain threshold and decrease sensitivity of muscle and fascia in head and neck.%目的:探索针刺风府穴对紧张型头痛大鼠张颌反射波幅和潜伏期的影响。方法采用大鼠双侧半棘肌注射三磷酸腺苷二钠注射液(ATP)的方法制备紧张型头痛大鼠模型。体重220~260 g的SPF级Wistar大鼠40只,雌雄各半,分为空白组、模型组、风府穴组和假穴组四组,通过定量分析紧张型头痛模型大鼠张颌反射波幅及潜伏期,反映头颈部皮肤肌肉筋膜痛阈及敏感性变化。结果空白组半棘肌注射生理盐水不引起张颌反射波幅及潜伏期变化(P>0.05);模型组半棘肌注射ATP导

  14. [The influence of ZHU Gong's Huo ren shu (A Book for Savings Life)in the Southern Song Dynasty and its Influence on the discipline of Cold Pathogenic Disease].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lu, Ming-Xin

    2012-11-01

    ZHU Gong's Huo ren shu (A Book for Saving Life) is a famous work in the history of research on Treatise on Cold Damage Diseases. It has great influence on the study of cold pathogenic disease, especially that of the Song dynasty. Many authors reedited or annotated this book to inherit and developed the idea of the Huo ren shu. Thus, a lot of new books, including annotations, revisions, citations, or discussions, appeared. WANG Su's Zeng shi nan yang huo ren shu (Amplified Annotated Huorenshu), for example, is one of them. Those compiled as rhymes or knacks include XU Shu-wei's Shang han bai zheng ge (The Rhymes of Hundred Kinds of Cold Damage Disease), LI Zhi-xian's Huo ren shu kuo (Introduction to Huorenshu), QIAN Wen-li's Shang han bai wen ge (Hundred Questions on Cold Damage Disease), YANG Shi-ying's Shang han lei shu huo ren zong kuo (A General Introduction to Huorenshu, a Classified Book of Cold Damage Disease), and TANG Yin-cai's Shang han jie huo lun (Essay to Answering Suspicions on Cold Damage Disease). Those cited or inherited the book include LI Cheng's Shang han yao zhi (Gist of Cold Damage Disease), GUO Yong's Shang han bu wang lun (Supplements to Cold Damage Disease), SUN Zhi-ning's Shang han jian yao shi shuo (Ten Simple Discourses on Cold Damage Disease), and CHEN Zi-ming's Guan jian da quan liang fang (A Complete Effective Formulary with my Own Opinions). Those differentiating the essentials of the Huorenshu including CHENG Jiong's Huo ren shu bian (Differentiation for Huorenshu), and LU Zu-chang's Ni jin huo ren can tong yu yi (An Elaboration on Huorenshu to be Presented). All the above books indicate the impact of the Huorenshu, and show its influence on later ages as well.

  15. 冯友兰伦理思想的精神特质与理论旨趣%On the spiritual characteristics and theoretical purport of Feng Youlan’s ethics thought

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张克政; 范鹏

    2014-01-01

    Mr. Feng Youlan is an important ethicists in modern China. The traditional Confucian ethics is based the theoretical access which is highlighting human rational and self-conscious, looking for the inner world and meaning-world on the moralism theory of human nature, but Mr. Feng Youlan is different from traditional Confucian, he based the theoretical access on the rationalism theory of human nature, and constructed an ethics system which regards rationalism as its spiritual characteristic. To carry forward human rational spirit is not the final end-result of Mr. Feng Youlan’s ethics system, its theoretical purport expected people to use their reason, so as to continuously improve the spiritual realm, and shape the ideal personality that has extremely brilliant realm that accords with the Golden Mean, and properly settles self , finally.%冯友兰是我国现代一位重要的伦理学家。与传统儒家伦理学将彰显理性自觉,追求精神、意义世界的理路建立在道德人性论基础上不同,冯友兰从理性人性论这一理论进路,建构了以理性主义为精神特质的伦理思想体系。开明人的理性精神并不是冯友兰伦理思想体系的最终归宿,其理论旨趣是期望人们运用理性,不断提高精神境界,最终成就“极高明而道中庸”的理想人格,以妥善安顿自身。

  16. Anti-tradition and Tradition:Feng Yuanjun’ s Pain of “Love”---A Case Study of Feng Yuanjun’s Novel Writing in the 1920s%反传统与传统:冯沅君的“爱情”之痛--以冯沅君1920年代的小说创作为中心

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨华丽

    2013-01-01

    In her works written during the May 4th Movement, Feng Yuanjun, a female writer of new litera-ture, who has contributed three novel anthologies-Juan Shi, Chun Hen and Jie Hui-focuses on the heroine’ s pain due to her hesitation, indecision and struggle between her parent-child love and love for lovers. The destiny of the heroine’ s painful struggle in “love” is consistent with the conflict between the authoress’ rebellion under the impact of new ideas and her conversion because of her love for her mother. The vacillation between rebellion and attachment reflects exactly the plight of female intellectuals of the May 4 th Movement who have just made an appear-ance in society in the period of transition. Judged from the second and the third sections of her Tao Sha, it is ra-tional and inevitable that Feng Yuanjun should depict her pain of “love” in a highly autobiographic manner.%为“五四”文坛贡献了《卷葹》、《春痕》、《劫灰》这三部小说集的新文学女作家冯沅君,在此期小说中重点刻绘了女主人公在亲子之爱与情人之爱之间犹豫、彷徨、挣扎的痛苦情状。女主人公在“爱情”中痛苦挣扎的命运和作者自身因受新思潮的影响而具有的反叛性、因母亲之爱而具有的皈依性之间的冲突正相吻合。这种在反叛与眷恋之间的左右摇摆,拔心不死,正反应了“五四”一代刚刚浮出历史地表的女性知识分子在过渡时期的艰难处境。而从冯沅君的《淘沙》(二)(三)来看,她以自叙传色彩浓厚的方式来抒写自己的“爱情”之痛,乃是一种有着理性认知背景的必然。

  17. Dynamic fracture development in response to extreme summer temperatures: 27/7/2014, Långören Island, Finland

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leith, Kerry; Perras, Matthew; Siren, Topias; Rantanen, Tuomas; Heinonen, Suvi; Loew, Simon

    2017-04-01

    Long periods of exceptionally high temperatures in Finland and California during the summer of 2014 were associated with the formation of large 'exfoliation' or 'sheeting' fractures in bedrock surfaces. Videos taken at both locations show sharp fractures forming along the edge of thin (15,000 years ago), hinting at the rarity of the recent events on the otherwise undamaged surface. In order to uncover the mechanisms driving this remarkable event, we installed a unique low-cost monitoring system to track the behavior of the new Långören Island fracture through the summer of 2016. This included a local meteorological station, Arduino-based rock temperature profiles, acoustic emission measurements, and a 3G-enabled all-in-one PC for live data communication. Coupled with GPR data, field mapping, and a local DEM derived from a 'Go-Pro on a stick' structure from motion capture, we generate a unique insight into the conditions at the time of the 2014 event, and potential active micro-fracturing during a hot period in 2016. Our models suggest rock surface temperatures approached 40°C during 2014, almost ten degrees above the peak air temperature. The mid- to late-afternoon timing of fracturing was associated with peak thermal stress in the upper 1 m of bedrock, consistent with 2016 observations, where measured surface temperatures of around 35°C generate a thermal front that coincides with a series of acoustic emission events on a sensor installed in a borehole near the crest of the fracture.

  18. Functional characterization of the origin of replication of pRN1 from Sulfolobus islandicus REN1H1.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joshua, Chijioke J; Perez, Luis D; Keasling, Jay D

    2013-01-01

    Plasmid pRN1 from Sulfolobus islandicus REN1H1 is believed to replicate by a rolling circle mechanism but its origin and mechanism of replication are not well understood. We sought to create minimal expression vectors based on pRN1 that would be useful for heterologous gene expression in S. acidocaldarius, and in the process improve our understanding of the mechanism of replication. We constructed and transformed shuttle vectors that harbored different contiguous stretches of DNA from pRN1 into S. acidocaldarius E4-39, a uracil auxotroph. A 232-bp region 3' of orf904 was found to be critical for pRN1 replication and is therefore proposed to be the putative origin of replication. This 232-bp region contains a 100-bp stem-loop structure believed to be the double-strand origin of replication. The loop of the 100-bp structure contains a GTG tri-nucleotide motif, a feature that was previously reported to be important for the primase activity of Orf904. This putative origin and the associated orf56 and orf904 were identified as the minimal replicon of pRN1 because transformants of plasmids lacking any of these three features were not recovered. Plasmids lacking orf904 and orf56 but harboring the putative origin were transformable when orf904 and orf56 were provided in-trans; a 75-bp region 5' of the orf904 start codon was found to be essential for this complementation. Detailed knowledge of the pRN1 origin of replication will broaden the application of the plasmid as a genetic tool for Sulfolobus species.

  19. Functional characterization of the origin of replication of pRN1 from Sulfolobus islandicus REN1H1.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chijioke J Joshua

    Full Text Available Plasmid pRN1 from Sulfolobus islandicus REN1H1 is believed to replicate by a rolling circle mechanism but its origin and mechanism of replication are not well understood. We sought to create minimal expression vectors based on pRN1 that would be useful for heterologous gene expression in S. acidocaldarius, and in the process improve our understanding of the mechanism of replication. We constructed and transformed shuttle vectors that harbored different contiguous stretches of DNA from pRN1 into S. acidocaldarius E4-39, a uracil auxotroph. A 232-bp region 3' of orf904 was found to be critical for pRN1 replication and is therefore proposed to be the putative origin of replication. This 232-bp region contains a 100-bp stem-loop structure believed to be the double-strand origin of replication. The loop of the 100-bp structure contains a GTG tri-nucleotide motif, a feature that was previously reported to be important for the primase activity of Orf904. This putative origin and the associated orf56 and orf904 were identified as the minimal replicon of pRN1 because transformants of plasmids lacking any of these three features were not recovered. Plasmids lacking orf904 and orf56 but harboring the putative origin were transformable when orf904 and orf56 were provided in-trans; a 75-bp region 5' of the orf904 start codon was found to be essential for this complementation. Detailed knowledge of the pRN1 origin of replication will broaden the application of the plasmid as a genetic tool for Sulfolobus species.

  20. Political violence and State. Readings from René Zavaleta Mercado about authoritarian politics in Latin America

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katherine Salamanca Agudelo

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper is a political analysis from some of the readings of René Zavaleta Mercado about authoritarian politics in Latin America. Rethinking Zavaleta allows us arguing about the regional approach of fascism as an authoritarian modality of state policy (Zavaleta, 1976, 1979. 1984, built on particular sociopolitical conditions. Modality that consequently distances itself from the hegemonic reading assigning to it the conceptual centrality of fascism as an historical phenomenon from early XX century specific to Italy and Germany. In contrast, the readings of Zavaleta allow placing the emphasis on the political question of fascism in the region. This translates in a proposal that question both the historical conditions of its formation/dissolution and the theoretical and methodological approach enabling openings for emancipatory transformation towards egalitarian and democratic ways. Thus, the central argument developed here holds that the main contribution of the author to this theoretical field is rooted in the two aforementioned points. Therefore, this work intends showing how in his analytical work (rooted in the latinoamerican Marxism tradition he realized readings not only descriptive of the historical, economic and political singularities of fascism in various contexts of emergence, but also fundamentally expressed as a political issue to examine. To the author, it implied, in consequence, thinking the conceptual work methodology for the emergence of categories and building an unorthodox approach of Marxism on the topic of the authoritarian modalities of politics, with special attention for local history and knowledge in Bolivia and Latin America. Hereafter, this article proposes discussing this reading of Zavaleta following two axes: I. In the first, from a reconstruction of the readings of fascism as an authoritarian policy modality in Latin America. And the presentation of his conceptualization about the democratic condition as a limit

  1. 东风EQ1166G车制动系统介绍及常见故障排除%Introduction of DongFeng EQ1166G brake system and its common trouble shooting.

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋显斌; 王涛

    2001-01-01

    介绍了EQ1166G车制动系统部分制动阀类的功用,针对制动系统较容易出现的故障,进行分析判断,找出引起故障的原因,结合实际提出故障排除的具体方法。%Use of brake valves for brake system in DongFeng EQ1166G isintroduced and its common troubles are analyzed、 diagnosed and removed

  2. 一战期间冯国璋对中德关系的态度转变探析%Analysis of FENG Guo-zhang's Changes in Attitude toward Sino-German Relation during the First World War

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭贺超

    2011-01-01

    During the First World War,China's policy for German went through three stages:neutrality,protesting and breaking off relations,and declaring war.In the last two stages,FENG Guo-zhang's attitude towards Sino-German relation changed twice.In order to mediate the dispute between the Department of State and the Office of the President,FENG Guo-zhang's attitude changed from opposing to fighting against and breaking with German into approving of breaking off relations.At the third stage,FENG Guo-zhang's attitude shifted from being against going to war into strongly advocating participating in the war,which was done to some extent out of the consideration of national long-term interests.In comparison with the first change,the second one is more aggressive.FENG Guo-zhang's two changes in attitude objectively promoted the successful implementation of the policy of protesting and breaking off relations,and declaring war on German.%一战期间,中国对德政策经历中立、抗议绝交、宣战三个阶段,在后两阶段冯国璋态度历经两度转变。冯国璋从调解府院之争的角度出发,由反对抗德绝交转变为赞同绝交;在第三阶段,冯国璋由反对参战到力主参战的转变,一定程度上出于国家长远利益的考量。相较前者而论,冯国璋后者态度转变更具积极进取色彩。冯国璋态度的两次转变客观上催化了北京政府的抗德绝交政策、对德奥宣战政策的顺利实施。

  3. 杜仲腰痛丸治疗慢性腰痛的临床随机对照研究%The Randomized Control Research of DuZhong YaoTong Pill on Chronic Lumbago

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何万庆; 关永林

    2015-01-01

    目的:观察杜仲腰痛丸治疗慢性腰痛和预防复发的临床疗效。方法:将98例慢性腰痛患者,按照1∶1比例完全随机分为2组。对照组49例给予常规治疗;观察组49例给予常规治疗联合杜仲腰痛丸治疗,2组均连续治疗4周。所有患者分别于治疗前、治疗后1个月、3个月、6个月统计疼痛视觉模拟评分(VAS)、Oswstry功能障碍指数(CODI)值,随访复发情况。结果:2组治疗后VAS、CODI评分较治疗前均明显降低(P<0.05);组内比较,对照组治疗3个月、6个月VAS、CODI评分比较,差异无统计学意义(P>0.05),观察组在不同时间比较,差异均无统计学意义(P<0.05);组间比较,2组在治疗1个月VAS、CODI评分比较,差异无统计学意义(P>0.05),而治疗3个月、6个月比较差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。观察组的复发率低于对照组(P<0.05)。结论:杜仲腰痛丸能增强慢性腰痛的长期治疗效果,包括减轻疼痛症状,改善腰部功能活动,并能预防慢性腰痛的复发。%To observe the clinical efficacy ofDuZhongYaoTongpill in treating chronic lumbago and preventing relapse. Methods: Totally 98 patients with chronic lumbago were randomly assigned to two groups on average. 49 cases in the control group were treated with routine therapy for four weeks continuously, as well as the observation group undergoing routine therapy andDuZhongYaoTongpill. VAS and CODI of all the cases were eval-uated respectively before treatment and at the end of 1st, 3rd and 6th month with follow-up of relapse. Results: The scores of VAS and CODI decreased significantly after treatment (P<0.05) in both groups. The comparison of these scores in the control group showed that the difference before and after treatment at 3rd and 6th month had no statis-tical meaning(P<0.05), so did the observation group in each times(P<0.05). In the comparison of scores in 1st month between

  4. 中菏1号杨树上无柄三毛孢的首次报道%The First Report of Robillarda sessilis on Populus deltoides‘Zhong He 1 ’

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵桂华; 杨鹤同; 赵楠; 李超

    2014-01-01

    In order to study a fungal diversity on Populus deltoides ‘Zhong He 1 ’ , sap wood tissues were plated and incubated on PDA in July 2009.After purified culturing of the endophytic fungus JSNL 1104 strain, this fun-gus was identified as Robillarda sessilis by using both morphological characters and molecular biological technique . It characterized by pycnidial black , ostiole central , 293.4~616.5 μm ×261.3~464.6 μm, conidiophore ab-sent, conidiogenous cells enteroblastic , phialidic, 7.3~9.2μm ×3.2~4.0μm.2-cells, hyaline, 10.4~12.8μm ×2.4~2.8 μm, and with 2~3 apical appendages.The host range of this fungus indicated that P.deltoides‘Zhong He 1’ is a new host and it is the first report of this fungus on Populus.%为了研究中菏1号杨树上的真菌,2009年7月,对杨木边材进行了组织分离,得到了内生菌JSNL1104菌株。通过纯化培养,采用形态特征和分子生物技术相结合的方法对该菌进行了比对,鉴定为无柄三毛孢,它的孢子器黑色,有孔口,293.4~616.5μm ×261.3~464.6μm。分生孢子梗缺。产孢细胞瓶梗状,7.3~9.2μm ×3.2~4.0μm。分生孢子双细胞,无色,10.4~12.8μm ×2.4~2.8μm,顶端具有2~3根附属丝。根据该菌的寄主范围,确认中菏1号杨树是无柄三毛孢的新寄主。此菌在杨树上属于首次报道。

  5. 基于现代肝病范畴的张仲景临证医学思想研究%ZHANG Zhong-jing Clinical Theory Research Based on Modern Liver Diseases Treatment Fields

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谭春雨; 梁慧风; 朱音; 黄瑛; 张宁; 方力行

    2011-01-01

    To demonstrate the medical treatise related to Hypochondriac pain, tympanites, jaundice and other diseases in Treatise on Febrile Diseases and Medical Treasures of the Golden Chamber, we believe that ZHANG Zhong-jing treated hypochondriac pain based on syndrome differentiation, owing its etiology to excess - evil blocking liver and gallbladder channels and vessels, attaching importance to relieving secondary symptoms in acute cases, treatment of chronic disease aiming at the principal aspect. Regarding to tympanites, owing its etiology to blood and Qi stagnation, blood stagnation could be induced by cold obstruction, damp - heat, scarce of essence , while Qi stagnation by cold obstruction, turbid phlegm, attaching importance to simultaneous application of purging and nourishing therapeusis. In conclusion, when Zhang Zhong Jing diagnosing and treating modern liver diseases based on syndrome differentiation, owing disease sites to liver, gallbladder, spleen and stomach, emphasizing invigorating liver, gallbladder, spleen and stomach, deficiency should be treated by supplementary therapy, stagnation should be treatment by promoting, treating heat syndrome with cold therapy, cold disease should be treated by warm therapy. All in all the treatment principles would be nourishing and invigorating the Qi of related Zang and Fu organs, also regulating and harmonizing them.%探讨了、有关胁痛、臌胀、黄疸等病症的医论方药文献,认为仲景辨治胁痛主要责之于实邪阻滞肝胆经脉以及精气虚损二端,治疗上强调固本培源,补益精气;辨治黄疸多责之于湿热、寒湿、瘀血、气血虚损、气机不利等,治疗上强调急则治标,缓则治本;辨治臌胀多责之于瘀血气滞两端,瘀血有寒凝血瘀、湿热血瘀、精枯血瘀等之别,气滞有寒凝气滞、痰浊气滞之分,治疗上强调攻补相宜.总结看,仲景辨治现代肝病相关病症,病住上多责之于肝胆脾胃,治法上强调健运肝胆脾

  6. Reanalysis of multi-temporal aerial images of Storglaciären, Sweden (1959–99 – Part 1: Determination of length, area, and volume changes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    W. Haeberli

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Storglaciären, located in the Kebnekaise massif in northern Sweden, has a long history of glaciological research. Early photo documentations date back to the late 19th century. Measurements of front position variations and distributed mass balance have been carried out since 1910 and 1945/46, respectively. In addition to these in-situ measurements, aerial photographs have been taken at decadal intervals since the beginning of the mass balance monitoring program and were used to produce topographic glacier maps. Inaccuracies in the maps were a challenge to early attempts to derive glacier volume changes and resulted in major differences when compared to the direct glaciological mass balances. In this study, we reanalyzed dia-positives of the original aerial photographs of 1959, -69, -80, -90 and -99 based on consistent photogrammetric processing. From the resulting digital elevation models and orthophotos, changes in length, area, and volume of Storglaciären were computed between the survey years, including an assessment of related errors. Between 1959 and 1999, Storglaciären lost an ice volume of 19×106 m3, which corresponds to a cumulative ice thickness loss of 5.69 m and a mean annual loss of 0.14 m. This ice loss resulted largely from a strong volume loss during the period 1959–80 and was partly compensated during the period 1980–99. As a consequence, the glacier shows a strong retreat in the 1960s, a slowing in the 1970s, and pseudo-stationary conditions in the 1980s and 1990s.

  7. Acute and chronic systemic CB1 cannabinoid receptor blockade improves blood pressure regulation and metabolic profile in hypertensive (mRen2)27 rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schaich, Chris L; Shaltout, Hossam A; Brosnihan, K Bridget; Howlett, Allyn C; Diz, Debra I

    2014-08-01

    We investigated acute and chronic effects of CB1 cannabinoid receptor blockade in renin-angiotensin system-dependent hypertension using rimonabant (SR141716A), an orally active antagonist with central and peripheral actions. In transgenic (mRen2)27 rats, a model of angiotensin II-dependent hypertension with increased body mass and insulin resistance, acute systemic blockade of CB1 receptors significantly reduced blood pressure within 90 min but had no effect in Sprague-Dawley rats. No changes in metabolic hormones occurred with the acute treatment. During chronic CB1 receptor blockade, (mRen2)27 rats received daily oral administration of SR141716A (10 mg/kg/day) for 28 days. Systolic blood pressure was significantly reduced within 24 h, and at Day 21 of treatment values were 173 mmHg in vehicle versus 149 mmHg in drug-treated rats (P < 0.01). This accompanied lower cumulative weight gain (22 vs. 42 g vehicle; P < 0.001), fat mass (2.0 vs. 2.9% of body weight; P < 0.05), and serum leptin (2.8 vs. 6.0 ng/mL; P < 0.05) and insulin (1.0 vs. 1.9 ng/mL; P < 0.01), following an initial transient decrease in food consumption. Conscious hemodynamic recordings indicate twofold increases occurred in spontaneous baroreflex sensitivity (P < 0.05) and heart rate variability (P < 0.01), measures of cardiac vagal tone. The beneficial actions of CB1 receptor blockade in (mRen2)27 rats support the interpretation that an upregulated endocannabinoid system contributes to hypertension and impaired autonomic function in this angiotensin II-dependent model. We conclude that systemic CB1 receptor blockade may be an effective therapy for angiotensin II-dependent hypertension and associated metabolic syndrome.

  8. Central angiotensin-(1-7) improves vagal function independent of blood pressure in hypertensive (mRen2)27 rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nautiyal, Manisha; Shaltout, Hossam A; de Lima, Daniel C; do Nascimento, Kenia; Chappell, Mark C; Diz, Debra I

    2012-11-01

    Hypertensive transgenic (mRen2)27 rats with overexpression of the mRen2 gene have impaired baroreflex sensitivity for heart rate control and high nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidase and kinase-to-phosphatase signaling activity in medullary tissue compared with normotensive Hannover Sprague-Dawley control rats. They also exhibit insulin resistance at a young age. To determine whether blocking angiotensin II actions, supplementing angiotensin-(1-7), or scavenging reactive oxygen species in brain differentially alters mean arterial pressure, baroreflex sensitivity, or metabolic function, while altering medullary signaling pathways in these animals, we compared intracerebroventricular infusions of the angiotensin II type 1 receptor antagonist candesartan (4 μg/5 μL/h), angiotensin-(1-7) (0.1 μg/5 μL/h), a reactive oxygen species scavenger tempol (25 μg/5 μL/h), or artificial cerebrospinal fluid (5 μL/h) for 2 weeks. Mean arterial pressure was reduced in candesartan-treated rats without significantly improving the vagal components of baroreflex function or heart rate variability. In contrast, angiotensin-(1-7) treatment significantly improved the vagal components of baroreflex function and heart rate variability at a dose that did not significantly lower mean arterial pressure. Tempol significantly reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidase activity in brain dorsal medullary tissue but had no effect on mean arterial pressure or autonomic function. Candesartan tended to reduce fat mass, but none of the treatments significantly altered indices of metabolic function or mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling pathways in dorsal medulla. Although additional dose response studies are necessary to determine the potential maximal effectiveness of each treatment, the current findings demonstrate that blood pressure and baroreflex function can be essentially normalized independently of medullary nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide

  9. In vivo expression of angiotensin-(1-7) lowers blood pressure and improves baroreflex function in transgenic (mRen2)27 rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garcia-Espinosa, Maria A; Shaltout, Hossam A; Gallagher, Patricia E; Chappell, Mark C; Diz, Debra I

    2012-08-01

    Transgenic (mRen2)27 rats are hypertensive with impaired baroreflex sensitivity for control of heart rate compared with Hannover Sprague-Dawley rats. We assessed blood pressure and baroreflex function in male hemizygous (mRen2)27 rats (30-40 weeks of age) instrumented for arterial pressure recordings and receiving into the cisterna magna either an Ang-(1-7) fusion protein or a control fusion protein (CTL-FP). The maximum reduction in mean arterial pressure achieved was -38 ± 7 mm Hg on day 3, accompanied by a 55% enhancement in baroreflex sensitivity in Ang-(1-7) fusion protein-treated rats. Both the high-frequency alpha index (HF-α) and heart rate variability increased, suggesting increased parasympathetic tone for cardiac control. The mRNA levels of several components of the renin-angiotensin system in the dorsal medulla were markedly reduced including renin (-80%), neprilysin (-40%), and the AT1a receptor (-40%). However, there was a 2-fold to 3-fold increase in the mRNA levels of the phosphatases PTP-1b and dual-specificity phosphatase 1 in the medulla of Ang-(1-7) fusion protein-treated rats. Our finding that replacement of Ang-(1-7) in the brain of (mRen2)27 rats reverses in part the hypertension and baroreflex impairment is consistent with a functional deficit of Ang-(1-7) in this hypertensive strain. We conclude that the increased mRNA expression of phosphatases known to counteract the phosphoinositol 3 kinase and mitogen-activated protein kinases, and the reduction of renin and AT1a receptor mRNA levels may contribute to the reduction in arterial pressure and improvement in baroreflex sensitivity in response to Ang-(1-7).

  10. Generalized Split-Window Algorithm for Estimate of Land Surface Temperature from Chinese Geostationary FengYun Meteorological Satellite (FY-2C Data

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jun Xia

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available On the basis of the radiative transfer theory, this paper addressed the estimate ofLand Surface Temperature (LST from the Chinese first operational geostationarymeteorological satellite-FengYun-2C (FY-2C data in two thermal infrared channels (IR1,10.3-11.3 μ m and IR2, 11.5-12.5 μ m , using the Generalized Split-Window (GSWalgorithm proposed by Wan and Dozier (1996. The coefficients in the GSW algorithmcorresponding to a series of overlapping ranging of the mean emissivity, the atmosphericWater Vapor Content (WVC, and the LST were derived using a statistical regressionmethod from the numerical values simulated with an accurate atmospheric radiativetransfer model MODTRAN 4 over a wide range of atmospheric and surface conditions.The simulation analysis showed that the LST could be estimated by the GSW algorithmwith the Root Mean Square Error (RMSE less than 1 K for the sub-ranges with theViewing Zenith Angle (VZA less than 30° or for the sub-rangs with VZA less than 60°and the atmospheric WVC less than 3.5 g/cm2 provided that the Land Surface Emissivities(LSEs are known. In order to determine the range for the optimum coefficients of theGSW algorithm, the LSEs could be derived from the data in MODIS channels 31 and 32 provided by MODIS/Terra LST product MOD11B1, or be estimated either according tothe land surface classification or using the method proposed by Jiang et al. (2006; and theWVC could be obtained from MODIS total precipitable water product MOD05, or beretrieved using Li et al.’ method (2003. The sensitivity and error analyses in term of theuncertainty of the LSE and WVC as well as the instrumental noise were performed. Inaddition, in order to compare the different formulations of the split-window algorithms,several recently proposed split-window algorithms were used to estimate the LST with thesame simulated FY-2C data. The result of the intercomparsion showed that most of thealgorithms give

  11. 志愿者精神对雷锋精神的传承和发展%Volunteerism: Tradition and Development of Spirit of Lei Feng

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苏艳丽

    2012-01-01

    志愿者精神与雷锋精神一脉相承,两种精神拥有许多共核,如心存犬爱、奉献为乐等等。但二者也有明显不同。与雷锋的公而忘私相比,当今的志愿者在利他的同时,也尊重自身的意愿和权利,并以付出收获成长。从“毫不利己、专门利人”的雷锋精神到“赠人玫瑰、手有余香”的志愿者群体,服务理念的发展变化体现了以人为本,体现了时代进步,也体现了公民意识的觉醒。本文还提出,志愿服务工作和公民道德建设宜着眼于基础性的道德层面,引导公众从力所能及的善举做起,逐步提升社会文明的整体水平,并要警惕以崇高的名义陷入道德偏执。%Volunteerism and the spirit of Lei Feng have much in common in that they embrace the values such as love and devotion. However, the qualities of volunteerism such as advocates of their own rights and willingness also set them apart. The shift from altruism to the extreme to offering services and improving oneself reflect the progress of our times such as the recognition of self-awareness. It is pointed out volunteerism and ethics development should start with the fundamental level and basic services people can offer to the public to promote the social progress. At the same time, we should shun the trap of moral bigotry in the name of sublime.

  12. Una lectura crítica del psicoanalis frances de grupos en relacion a la obra de René Kaës

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandro Klein

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo busca plantear algunas observaciones expositivas y críticas en relación a la obra de René Kaës, tratando de mostrar la importancia de sus desarrollos teóricos y clínicos. Se harán algunas comparaciones entres sus ideas de 1977 y las que comienza a desarrollar a partir de 1985. Se hará especial énfasis en los conceptos de narcisismo primario y secundario, isomorfia y homomorfia y el estudio del pacto denegativo y las tres modalidades de lo negativo.

  13. La filogénesis humana según la teoría mimética de René Girard

    OpenAIRE

    Moreno Fernandéz, Agustín

    2015-01-01

    La teoría mimética de René Girard contiene una interpretación acerca del origen de la especie humana y el proceso de hominización. Su propuesta destaca por el afán de aunar las aportaciones de la etología animal y de la antropología cultural, en torno al mimetismo y su hipótesis del mecanismo del chivo expiatorio. Nuestro objetivo es presentar una síntesis de sus consideraciones acerca de la antropogénesis, presentes a lo largo de su obra.

  14. Redovisning är sällan ren och aldrig enkel : En studie om svårigheter och komplexitet vid framtagning av IFRS 15

    OpenAIRE

    Melin, Linnea; Stenberg, Frida

    2015-01-01

    Bakgrund Som en följd av den ökade globaliseringen strävar normgivare ständigt efter en harmonisering av internationella redovisningsstandarder. I maj 2014 publicerade normgivaren IASB (International Accounting Standards Board) en ny standard för intäktsredovisning – IFRS 15. Vid framtagning av nya redovisningsstandarder ska normgivare utgå från en generell föreställningsram. Det faktum att kapitalmarknadens aktörer under de senaste åren har fått betydligt mer inflytande skulle kunna påverka ...

  15. Prospektive Studie zur Evaluation der transossären Dekompression, einer neuen Methode der Behandlung von Halsbandscheibenvorfällen ohne Bandscheibenersatz oder Segmentversteifung

    OpenAIRE

    Iskander, Joseph

    2008-01-01

    In einer prospektiven Untersuchung wurden über einen Zweijahreszeitraum alle Patienten, die sich einem neuen, an der Klinik für Orthopädie und Wirbelsäulenchirurgie der Zentralklinik Bad Berka GmbH entwickelten Verfahren der ventralen transossären Wurzeldekompression ohne Fusion der Halswirbelsäule unterzogen, nachuntersucht. Das Neue dieser Operationsmethode besteht in dem völlig anderen Zugang zum Bandscheibenvorfall. Anders als bei der herkömmlichen Technik des "Wegs des geringeren Wi...

  16. İŞGÖREN SEÇİMİNDE KULLANILAN KAYNAKLAR ÜZERİNE BİR ARAŞTIRMA: BARTIN ÖRNEĞİ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ömer Keskin

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available İşletmelerin etkin ve verimli çalışabilmesi için işgören ihtiyacının tam ve doğru olarak belirlenmesi gerekmektedir. Maddi kaynakların yanı sıra işgörenlerin gerekli bilgi, yetenek ve beceriye sahip olması işletmelerin başarısını etkilemektedir. İşletmenin amaçlarını benimseyecek ve işin gereklerini yerine getirebilecek, alanında etkin ve uzman işgörenlerin seçimi işletmelerin devamlılığını sağlaması açısından önemlidir. Bu çalışmanın amacı, Bartın il merkezinde farklı sektörlerde faaliyet gösteren işletmelerin işgören seçiminde kullandığı kaynakları ve kullanılan kaynaklar arasında farklılık olup olmadığını belirlemektir. Araştırma kapsamında 45 işletmeden yüz yüze görüşme ve anket yöntemi kullanılarak elde edilen veriler değerlendirilmiştir. Araştırma sonucunda, işgören seçiminde kullanılan yöntemlerin işletmelerin faaliyet alanına ve web sitesi olup olmaması durumuna göre anlamlı bir fark göstermediği belirlenmiştir. Anlamlı fark işletmelerin işgören seçiminde kullandıkları yöntemler ile işletmelerin faaliyet süresi arasında bulunmuştur.

  17. Combined renin inhibition/(pro)renin receptor blockade in diabetic retinopathy--a study in transgenic (mREN2)27 rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Batenburg, Wendy W; Verma, Amrisha; Wang, Yunyang; Zhu, Ping; van den Heuvel, Mieke; van Veghel, Richard; Danser, A H Jan; Li, Qiuhong

    2014-01-01

    Dysfunction of renin-angiotensin system (RAS) contributes to the pathogenesis of diabetic retinopathy (DR). Prorenin, the precursor of renin is highly elevated in ocular fluid of diabetic patients with proliferative retinopathy. Prorenin may exert local effects in the eye by binding to the so-called (pro)renin receptor ((P)RR). Here we investigated the combined effects of the renin inhibitor aliskiren and the putative (P)RR blocker handle-region peptide (HRP) on diabetic retinopathy in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic transgenic (mRen2)27 rats (a model with high plasma prorenin levels) as well as prorenin stimulated cytokine expression in cultured Müller cells. Adult (mRen2)27 rats were randomly divided into the following groups: (1) non-diabetic; (2) diabetic treated with vehicle; (3) diabetic treated with aliskiren (10 mg/kg per day); and (4) diabetic treated with aliskiren+HRP (1 mg/kg per day). Age-matched non-diabetic wildtype Sprague-Dawley rats were used as control. Drugs were administered by osmotic minipumps for three weeks. Transgenic (mRen2)27 rat retinas showed increased apoptotic cell death of both inner retinal neurons and photoreceptors, increased loss of capillaries, as well as increased expression of inflammatory cytokines. These pathological changes were further exacerbated by diabetes. Aliskiren treatment of diabetic (mRen2)27 rats prevented retinal gliosis, and reduced retinal apoptotic cell death, acellular capillaries and the expression of inflammatory cytokines. HRP on top of aliskiren did not provide additional protection. In cultured Müller cells, prorenin significantly increased the expression levels of IL-1α and TNF-α, and this was completely blocked by aliskiren or HRP, their combination, (P)RR siRNA and the AT1R blocker losartan, suggesting that these effects entirely depended on Ang II generation by (P)RR-bound prorenin. In conclusion, the lack of effect of HRP on top of aliskiren, and the Ang II-dependency of the ocular

  18. Intrauterine Wachstumsrestriktion der Ratte: Charakterisierung hormoneller Einflüsse am Modell der duktalen Morphogenese der pubertären Brustdrüse

    OpenAIRE

    Fährmann, Nina

    2013-01-01

    Hintergrund und Ziele Ziel dieser Arbeit ist die Charakterisierung von Veränderungen im Ablauf der pubertä-ren Brustdrüsenentwicklung der weiblichen Ratte nach intrauteriner Wachstumsrestrik-tion [IUGR]. Neben einer unmittelbaren Erhöhung des perinatalen Risikos, trägt IUGR auch zu gesundheitlichen Spätfolgen (z.B. Pubertas praecox, Adipositas, Diabetes melli-tus Typ 2) im Jugend- und Erwachsenenalter bei. Neben diesen klassischen Folgen der IUGR finden sich Hinweise auf eine gestörte Entwick...

  19. Caracterización de la conducta suicida en el Policlínico "René Ávila Reyes". Holguín 2007-2008

    OpenAIRE

    Eisy Mercedes Infantes Pérez; Tatiana Zoila Ochoa Roca; Rosa María Ochoa Roca

    2009-01-01

    Aborda un estudio descriptivo, de series de casos sobre el comportamiento de la conducta suicida en el Policlínico ¿René Ávila Reyes¿, Holguín .2007-2008. La muestra estuvo integrada por 52 pacientes con conducta suicida. Para la obtención de información se revisaron Historias Clínicas y discusiones de casos. En el intento suicida hubo un mayor predominio en los adolescentes, las mujeres y amas de casa. Las edades de 31 a 40 años, del sexo masculino y desocupados, se señalaron con mayor compo...

  20. Los nudos del silencio de Renée Ferrer (Paraguay, 1944): el mito de la sumisión femenina al desnudo

    OpenAIRE

    González De Garay, Maria Teresa

    2006-01-01

    La novela de Renée Ferrer de Arréllaga (nacida en Asunción en 1944, poeta, novelista, cuentista, doctora en Historia por la Universidad Nacional de Asunción, miembro fundador de la Sociedad de Escritores de Paraguay, miembro correspondiente de la Real Academia Española y académica de número de la de la Academia Paraguaya de la Lengua Española), Los nudos del silencio, publicada en 1988, ofrece una visión y análisis de la sumisión femenina desde dos perspectivas culturales muy diversas. Una es...

  1. René Antoine Ferchault de Réaumur (1683–1757, a naturalist and pioneer of acarology and his contacts with Poland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daszkiewicz Piotr

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available René Antoine Ferchault de Réaumur was one of the most important scientists of the Age of Enlightenment. His relations with Polish scientists are analysed, with particular reference to Franciszek Bieliński (Grand Marshal of the Crown, Konstanty Franciszek Fremel (a Saxon specialist of glass technology in Poland, and Johann Ernst Stieff (a Silesian scientist. Réaumur’s work on mites is discussed in the context of his entomological publications. For the first time, illustrations of mites drawn by Claude Aubriet (from Réaumur’s collection are reproduced here.

  2. The extraction and purification process of Qing Feng Teng in the Compound Qufeng sustained - release tablets%复方祛风缓释片中青风藤的提取纯化工艺研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    方达任; 张志

    2011-01-01

    目的 优选复方祛风缓释片中青风藤的提取纯化工艺.方法 以青藤碱作为指标,采用正交试验和单因素相结合的方法优选青风藤提取纯化工艺.结果 青藤碱最佳提取工艺为:70%的乙醇6倍量提取2次,每次2h;纯化工艺为:加1% HCl调pH值为2,氯仿萃取5次.结论 该提取纯化工艺科学、合理.%Objective Optimization of the extraction and purification process of Qing Feng Teng in the Compound Qufeng sustained -release tablets. Method With sinomenine as an indicator,orthogonal test and single factors combined to optimize of extraction and purification process of Qing Feng Teng. Result The best extraction of Sinomenine is; 70% ethanol 6 times capacity of Caulis Sinomenii, extracted 2 times, 2 hours per time;the purification technology are; using dilute HC1 to adjust PH to 2, then adding chloroform to extract 5 times. Conclusion The extraction and purification is scientific and rational.

  3. Clinical Study on Treatment of 85 Cases of Gouty Arthritis with Tong Feng Lotion%痛风洗剂治疗痛风性关节炎85例临床研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张史昭; 马红珍; 李学铭

    2001-01-01

    150例患者分为两组,分别应用痛风洗剂(85例)及扶他林洗剂(65例)外用治疗,结果显示中药痛风洗剂对痛风患者具有改善临床症状及关节功能的作用,能降低血沉、C反应蛋白、血尿酸及血液粘度。治疗组总有效率为89.41%,与对照组(75.38%)比较差异有显著性(P<0.05)。无毒副作用,且治疗效果与中医证型无明显关系。%One hundred and fifty cases of gouty arthritis were divided into two groups.Treatment group(85 cases) were treated with Tong Feng lotion and control group(65 cases) with external application of Voltaren. Results indicated that Tong Feng lotion could improve clinical symptoms and function of joints, and decrease blood sedimentation,reaction protien C,blood uric acid and blood viscosity; the total effective rate was 89.42% in the treatment group and 75.38% in the control group, with significant difference between the two groups(P<0.05); there was no obvious relation between therapeutic effects and TCM syndrome types.

  4. 丰子恺音乐理论著述对我国近代音乐的影响%On the Influence of Feng Zikai’ s Writings of Music Theory on China’ s Modern Music

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘建东

    2015-01-01

    Feng Zikai’ s music writings cover various aspects including introductions to Western mu-sicians and their works, Western music history, music aesthetic education, music technological the-ories and musical aesthetics.Through the translation of Western music theories, Feng Zikai has made an outstanding contribution to the public understanding of the Western music in China, sinici-zation of Western music aesthetic theories as well as the specification and promotion of music educa-tion in schools, thus pushes the historical process of eastward flowing of the Western music as a whole.%丰子恺音乐著述的内容涉及西方音乐家及其作品介绍、西方音乐史、音乐审美教育、音乐技术理论、音乐美学等方面。丰子恺通过西方音乐理论的译介,对我国社会民众了解西方音乐、对西方音乐美学理论的中国化实践、对规范与提升学校音乐教育等方面均做出了突出的贡献,进而整体推动了我国社会“西乐东渐”的历史进程。

  5. A Research on Multiple Implications of Fomalhaut's Image in Feng Ge's Cang Hai%凤歌《沧海》"北落师门"形象的多重意蕴初探

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘中望

    2009-01-01

    On levels of text structure, image tune, referential meaning, Fomalhaut's animal image in Feng Ge's fiction Cang Hai loads multiple implications. It enhances the overall sense of the fiction, deepens mysterious color, generates deep meaning reference, conveys the global viewpoint on the relationship between Chinese and Western cultures, modernity, world image, etc, which reflects the unique features of Cang Hai and Feng Ge's continued innovation ability.%在文本结构、形象调性、意义指涉等层面,凤歌中"北落师门"动物形象具有多重意蕴:增强作品的一体感,凸显全书的玄幻性,生成深层的意义指涉,体现对中西文化关系、现代性、世界图景等的全球化思考,这反映了的独特魅力、凤歌的持续创新能力.

  6. Factores de riesgo del intento suicida en adolescentes del policlínico René Vallejo de Bayamo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Idelis Fedeslinda Arias de la Torre

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available El suicidio, además de constituir un drama de la existencia humana, en muchos países es un problema de salud. El objetivo de esta investigación es identificar los factores de riesgo, asociados al intento suicida en adolescentes del policlínico “René Vallejo” del municipio de Bayamo en el año 2013. Se realizó un estudio de casos y controles, utilizando como universo los 43 casos que realizaron intento suicida en ese año. El grupo de casos fueron 37 adolescentes que realizaron el intento suicida y el de control, 74 adolescentes que fueron seleccionados a razón de 1:2, quedando conformado por aquellos adolescentes con características análogas a los primeros, pero que nunca intentaron suicidarse, pareados por edad, sexo y barrio. Predominó el sexo femenino, las edades de 16 a 19 años y los que cursan estudios preuniversitarios. La ideación suicida se observó en el 100 % de los casos. El antecedente familiar de depresión elevó a más de catorce veces el riesgo; las malas relaciones con los padres eleva a más de diez veces el riesgo; en los problemas de pareja a más de veinte veces; las malas relaciones con los compañeros aumenta el riesgo a más de treinta veces y el antecedente de suicidio en la familia eleva a más de cinco veces el riesgo suicida; concluyendo que los factores de riesgo con mayor asociación estadística al intento suicida fueron la ideación suicida, la ansiedad, la depresión en la familia, las malas relaciones con los padres, problemas con la pareja, las malas relaciones con los compañeros y el antecedente de suicidio consumado en la familia

  7. Surface and Ground Water Quality in Köprüören Basin (Kütahya), Turkey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arslan, Şebnem; Çelik, Mehmet; Erdem Dokuz, Uǧur; Abadi Berhe, Berihu

    2014-05-01

    In this study, quality of the water resources in Köprüören Basin, located to the west of Kütahya city in western Anatolia, were investigated. The total catchment area of the basin is 275 km2 and it is located upstream of Kütahya and Eskişehir plains. Therefore, besides 6,000 people residing in the basin, a much larger population will be impacted by the quality of surface and groundwater resources. Groundwater occurs under confined conditions in the limestones of Pliocene units. Groundwater flow is from north to south and south to north towards Kocasu stream, which flows to Enne Dam. The surface and ground water quality in this area are negatively affected by the mining activities. In the northern part of the area, there are coal deposits present in Miocene Tunçbilek formation. Ground waters in contact with the coal deposits contain low concentrations of arsenic (up to 30 µg/l). In the southern part, the only silver deposit of Turkey is present, which is developed in metamorphic basement rocks, Early Miocene volcanics and Pliocene units near Gümüşköy (Gümüş means silver, köy means village in Turkish). The amount of silver manufactured annually in this silver plant is huge and comprises about 1% of the World's Silver Production. The wastes, enriched in cyanide, arsenic, stibnite, lead and zinc, are stored in waste pools and there is extensive leakage of these heavy metals from these pools. Therefore, surface waters, soils and plants in the affected areas contain high concentrations of arsenic, stibnite and lead. The As, Sb, Pb and Zn concentrations are up to 733 µg/l, 158 µg/l, 48 µg/l, and 286 µg/l in surface waters (in dry season), 6180 ppm, 410 ppm, 4180 ppm, 9950 ppm in soils and 809 ppm, 399 ppm, 800 ppm, 2217 ppm in plants, respectively. Today, most of the As, Sb, Pb and Zn are absorbed by the soils and only a small part are dissolved in water. However, conditions might change in future leading to desorption of these contaminants. Therefore

  8. Using“Xiajiquan” Acupoint to Treat Upper Limb Spastic Paralysis by Professor Wu Lian-zhong%武连仲教授妙用“下极泉”治疗上肢痉挛性瘫痪

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴芬芬; 武连仲; 孟智宏

    2012-01-01

    脑卒中的致残率较高,严重影响人类生活质量,尤其上肢遗留不同程度的功能障碍.如何较快地恢复上肢尤其是末端的运动功能已成为治疗的重点与难点.针灸在这方面治疗上有相当的优势,某些穴位更有特殊的疗效;临床治疗中,武连仲教授运用独特手法针刺“下极泉”,治疗脑卒中后上肢痉挛性瘫痪,疗效甚佳.%The relatively high incidence of disability that is caused by stroke has seriously affected the quality of human life, especially leaving different degrees of dysfunction over the upper limb. How to regain the function of the upper limb as soon as possible, especially terminal of upper limb, has become the important and difficult points of treatment. Acupuncture has a definite advantage in treating the limb dysfunction, and certain acupoints have special curative effects. In clinic, Professor WU lian -zhong acupunctures "Xiajiquan" with u-nique manipulation to treat upper limb spastic paralysis which is caused by stroke, and it has gained very excellent effect. In this article, the author makes an introduction about the therapeutic method.

  9. The Heaven-human Relation Theory Included in Dong Zhong-shu' s Social Contract Theory%董仲舒天人关系论中包含的社会契约论思想

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贺志韧

    2012-01-01

    The thought of social contract theory is the blueprint of the Western modern politic system;such thought early germinated in the period of Epicurus and was pushed to the top in the beginning period of the English bourgeois revolution and enlightenment campaign, the 17th century by Hobbes, Rock etc. In our country, early 2000 years ago, in the thought of Dong Zhong-shu, a great Confucian scholar of the West Han dynasty, there budded such similar thought as social contract theory. In the heaven-man relation theory of his work 〈 Spring-Autumn Dense Dew 〉 there included such theory of social contract theory.%社会契约论思想是西方现代政治制度的蓝本,这一思想早在伊壁鸠鲁时期就有所萌芽,而在17世纪英国资产阶级革命和启蒙运动开始时就被霍布斯、洛克等人推到顶峰。在我国,早在2000多年前西汉大儒董仲舒的思想中,就有了与社会契约论思想极为类似的思想萌芽。他在《春秋繁露》的天人关系论中包含有社会契约论思想。

  10. On the Zen Origins in the Novel Yue Zhong of the Strange Tales from a Chinese Studio%《聊斋志异·乐仲》的禅学渊源探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵艺懋

    2016-01-01

    《聊斋志异·乐仲》塑造了乐仲这一违背佛教常规、蕴藏复杂佛教理论的佛教徒形象。通过对乐仲、琼华形象的溯源,以及对二人行为动机的分析,着力于探讨文本背后掩藏的“在欲而行禅”“不二法门”和“自性即佛”等禅学思想,厘清文本与“丹霞烧佛”“磨砖成镜”等禅宗典故,以及《维摩诘所说经》在人物设定和“不二法门”禅学思想等方面的渊源。%In the novel Yue Zhong of the Strange Tales from a Chinese Studio,the author created a liter-ary figure violating Buddhist doctrines and commandments but having a widely knowledge about Bud-dhism.The paper is engaged in the discussion on the origins from Zen spirits hidden behind the texts and the clarification of the relationship between the novel text and the Zen allusions as well as the Vimalakīrtinirdes′a-sūtra,such as pure practice in secular desires,advaita practice,and the svabhava as Buddha-nature.

  11. On the Idea that Yuankan Zaju Sanshi Zhong Was Not Printed in the Yuan Dynasty%《元刊杂剧三十种》并非刻于元代说

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张倩倩

    2015-01-01

    It is widely believed in present academia that playscripts in Yuankan Zaju Sanshi Zhong ( thirty types of Zaju plays printed in the Yuan Dynasty) were not published in one place at a time, but a book of collection from bookshops in the Yuan Dynasty.In fact, these thirty plays were pro-ceedings from one bookshop and the reason why place names like “dadu” and “guhang” appeared in the general title is that the master copy they used was such.These plays were not printed in the Yuan Dynasty but in the Ming Dynasty.%学界普遍认为《元刊杂剧三十种》中的剧本并非刊于一时一地,乃是元代“书坊杂凑而成的本子”。实际上,这三十种杂剧为同一书坊汇刊,之所以总题中有“大都”“古杭”等词,是因为它们所用的底本即是如此。它们并非刊刻于元代,而是明朝建立之后。

  12. 中9-31井多臂井径和井温噪声资料综合解析%Interpretation Analysis Based on Multi-arm Caliper and Temperature & Noise Logging Data in Zhong 9-31 Well

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王海莹; 王莱雪; 王娇莉

    2015-01-01

    Based on the temperature&noise logging data of Zhong 9-31 well, and combined with the MIT logging data of the same well in the same year, this paper disproved the original hypothesis, and drew the correct conclusion. The comprehensive interpretation of logging data can improve the accuracy of the interpretation results.%文章在中9-31井井温噪声测井资料分析基础上,结合同年同一管柱结构下的四十臂井径测井资料,对井温噪声测井资料中的矛盾点进行推论和证实,最后推翻最初假设,得出正确解释结论,实现测井资料综合解释,确保测井解释成果的准确性。

  13. Elastic and electronic properties of hexagonal rhenium sub-nitrides Re{sub 3}N and Re{sub 2}N in comparison with hcp-Re and wurtzite-like rhenium mononitride ReN

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bannikov, Vyacheslav V.; Shein, Igor R.; Ivanovskii, Alexander L. [Institute of Solid State Chemistry, Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 620990 Ekaterinburg (Russian Federation)

    2011-06-15

    Very recently, two hexagonal rhenium sub-nitrides Re{sub 3}N and Re{sub 2}N, which belong to a rather rare group of known metal-rich (M/N > 1) nitrides of heavy 4d, 5d metals, have been successfully synthesized, and their potential technological applications as ultra-incompressible materials have been proposed. In this work, we present a detailed ab initio study of recently synthesized rhenium sub-nitrides in comparison with hcp-Re and wurtzite-like rhenium mono-nitride ReN, with the purpose to evaluate the trends of the elastic, electronic properties, and chemical bonding in the series of these hexagonal systems as a function of the Re/N stoichiometry: Re {yields} Re{sub 3}N {yields} Re{sub 2}N {yields} ReN. (Copyright copyright 2011 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim)

  14. Elastic and electronic properties of hexagonal rhenium sub-nitrides Re3N and Re2N in comparison with hcp-Re and wurtzite-like rhenium mononitride ReN

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bannikov, Vyacheslav V.; Shein, Igor R.; Ivanovskii, Alexander L.

    2011-06-01

    Very recently, two new hexagonal rhenium sub-nitrides Re3N and Re2N, which belong to a rather rare group of known metal-rich (M/N > 1) nitrides of heavy 4d,5d metals, have been successfully synthesized, and their potential technological applications as ultra-incompressible materials have been proposed. In this work we present a detailed ab initio study of novel rhenium sub-nitrides in comparison with hcp-Re and wurtzite-like rhenium mono-nitride ReN, with the purpose to evaluate the trends of the elastic, electronic properties and chemical bonding in the series of these hexagonal systems as a function of the Re/N stoichiometry: Re \\rightarrow Re3N \\rightarrow Re2N \\rightarrow ReN.

  15. Vi visker tavlen ren

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mehlsen, Camilla

    2005-01-01

    Interview med Bertel Haarder: Afstanden mellem klasseværelset og den pædagogiske forskning er for stor, lyder kritikken fra OECD. Undervisningsminister Bertel Haarder vil imødekomme kritikken med etiske regnskaber, der synliggør, hvordan forskning gør nytte i samfundet. Den pædagogiske forskning ...

  16. Rapid Genotyping of the Human Renin (REN Gene by the LightCycler® Instrument: Identification of Unexpected Nucleotide Substitutions within the Selected Hybridization Probe Area

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Line Wee

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Preeclampsia is a serious disorder affecting nearly 3% of all in the Western world. It is associated with hypertension and proteinuria, and several lines of evidence suggest that the renin-angiotensin system (RAS may be involved in the development of hypertension at different stages of a preeclamptic pregnancy. In this study, we developed rapid genotyping assays on the LightCycler® instrument to allow the detection of genetic variants in the renin gene (REN that may predispose to preeclampsia. The method is based on real-time PCR and allele-specific hybridization probes, followed by fluorescent melting curve analysis to expose a change in melting temperature (Tm. Ninety-two mother-father-child triads (n=276 from preeclamptic pregnancies were genotyped for three haplotype-tagging single nucleotide polymorphisms (htSNPs in REN. All three htSNPs (rs5705, rs1464816 and rs3795575 were successfully genotyped. Furthermore, two unexpected nucleotide substitutions (rs11571084 and rs61757041 were identified within the selected hybridization probe area of rs1464816 and rs3795575 due to aberrant melting peaks. In conclusion, genotyping on the LightCycler® instrument proved to be rapid and highly reproducible. The ability to uncover additional nucleotide substitutions is particularly important in that it allows the identification of potentially etiological variants that might otherwise be overlooked by other genotyping methods.

  17. Professor Ren Jixue's medication experience in treating renal wind exogenous%任继学教授治疗肾风外感用药经验

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田玉东; 马德锋; 任喜洁

    2014-01-01

    任老在肾风兼外感的发病机制及治疗有着独特的认识和丰富的治疗经验,认为外感邪气后,邪伏咽喉为肾风发生发展的关键,治肾风外感要重视解表、治咽喉,驱邪外达以安正。本文从继承、整理名老中医经验角度,系统阐释任继学教授对肾风兼外感病因病机的独特认识。%Ren Lao has the unique understanding and rich experience in the treatment of pathogenesis and treatment of renal wind and exogenous.He considers that evil throat is the key of renal wind development after exogenous pathogenic factor.When treating renal wind exogenous,We should pay attention to relieve symptoms,treat throat,and drive the pathogenic factor to achieve the normal.In this text,from the perspective of inheritance and sorting of the old Chinese medicine experience,we systematically elucidate professor Ren Jixue's unique understanding of the renal wind and exogenous etiology and pathogenesis.

  18. Activation of thiazide-sensitive co-transport by angiotensin II in the cyp1a1-Ren2 hypertensive rat.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Ashek

    Full Text Available Transgenic rats with inducible expression of the mouse Ren2 gene were used to elucidate mechanisms leading to the development of hypertension and renal injury. Ren2 transgene activation was induced by administration of a naturally occurring aryl hydrocarbon, indole-3-carbinol (100 mg/kg/day by gastric gavage. Blood pressure and renal parameters were recorded in both conscious and anesthetized (butabarbital sodium; 120 mg/kg IP rats at selected time-points during the development of hypertension. Hypertension was evident by the second day of treatment, being preceded by reduced renal sodium excretion due to activation of the thiazide-sensitive sodium-chloride co-transporter. Renal injury was evident after the first day of transgene induction, being initially limited to the pre-glomerular vasculature. Mircoalbuminuria and tubuloinsterstitial injury developed once hypertension was established. Chronic treatment with either hydrochlorothiazide or an AT1 receptor antagonist normalized sodium reabsorption, significantly blunted hypertension and prevented renal injury. Urinary aldosterone excretion was increased ≈ 20 fold, but chronic mineralocorticoid receptor antagonism with spironolactone neither restored natriuretic capacity nor prevented hypertension. Spironolactone nevertheless ameliorated vascular damage and prevented albuminuria. This study finds activation of sodium-chloride co-transport to be a key mechanism in angiotensin II-dependent hypertension. Furthermore, renal vascular injury in this setting reflects both barotrauma and pressure-independent pathways associated with direct detrimental effects of angiotensin II and aldosterone.

  19. 丰子恺的佛学价值取向初探%Feng Zikai’s Orientation of Budhist Value

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冉祥华

    2015-01-01

    丰子恺推重佛学,是受弘一法师的影响,但是他的佛学思想比较驳杂,华严宗、法相宗、净土宗、禅宗、律宗等在其身上都有所体现。丰子恺信佛但不迷信佛,不是为了成佛,更不是为了获得与佛同在的最高幸福。他信佛的目的只有一个,那就是“以精神生活代替物质生活”。在他的眼里,佛只是一种最高的人格境界。佛教的“无我说”乃苦难的解脱之道。“无我”首先要抛弃“我私我欲”的贪念,正是在这一基点上,丰子恺毕生笃守佛家信念,并身体力行致力于个人品性的修炼。丰子恺对佛教中的迷信部分始终是否定的,他强调直接用心灵与佛陀的精神进行“对话”,去理解佛陀物我一体的慈悲心和四大皆空的基本义,这无疑与“五四”时代对待宗教的态度是一致的。%Influenced by Master Hong Yi,Feng Zikai has high regard for Buddhism,but his Buddhist thoughts are more complex,which embodied Huayan School,Hossoshu,Pure-land School,Zen,Vinaya School,and so on.Though he trusts in Buddhism,he has neither blind faith on it nor becomes a Buddha,even nor obtains the supreme happiness of being with Buddha.It is “to substitute the spiritual life for the material life”that is his only purpose.Buddhism,in which “the Theory of Anatman”is the way to relieve oneself from suffering,is only the supreme realm of personality in his mind.Being “anatman”,one must firstly abandon “oneself and his desires”,in which he keeps his belief all his life and cultivates his personality with his practice.He keeps a negative attitude to the superstition belief in Buddhism,and emphasizes the direct dialogue between one’s soul and the spirit of Buddha to understand Buddha’s compassion of “the integrity of oneself and the universe”and the essential meaning of “being void of vanities”,which is undoubtedly consistent with the attitude towards religions

  20. Study on Rhetoric Art of Counselor in Intrigues of the Warring States:In the Case of LU Zhong-lian%《战国策》中鲁仲连的说辞艺术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张大玲

    2015-01-01

    《战国策》主要描述了战国到秦国之间各国纵横家的游说之词与权力变更的故事。通过各国各个策士们的游说,他们的思维缜密,逻辑性较强,且策士们有很高的善变能力,在遇到困难的时候能够临危不乱。文章通过以《战国策》中策士们说辞艺术并以鲁仲连的说辞艺术为代表,来阐述说辞艺术的丰富多彩,展示战国政治舞台各位策士运用说辞进行善变的的精彩画面。%Intrigues of the Warring States describes the lobbying words and power change story between the Warring States period to the Qin State period. By all counselors lobbying, they have careful thinking, logical, and high fickle ability, and can repeat chaos when they encounter difficulties. This paper elaborates the rhetoric art of rich and colorful based on the Intrigues of the Warring States in rhetoric art and strategists for LU Zhong-lian's rhetoric art as the representative, to show, wonderful picture of the Warring States political stage using rhetoric of mercurial counselor.

  1. "en este aff ösel" in Visby : Ösel and Estland in the Gotlandic account books of Ivar Axelsson Tott 1585-87 and Sören Norby 1524-25 / Jan-Christian Schlüter

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Schlüter, Jan-Christian, 1979-

    2008-01-01

    Ojamaa ja Saaremaa kontaktidest on vähe teada perioodist Saksa ordu ja Rootsi kuningate valitsemisaja vahel. Ivar Axelsson Totti ja Sören Nörby arveraamatutes mainitud kohanimede seas on Eestiga seotud nimedel küllalt suur osakaal. Ka esineb kaptenite palgaarvetel Eestist pärit isikute nimesid

  2. "en este aff ösel" in Visby : Ösel and Estland in the Gotlandic account books of Ivar Axelsson Tott 1585-87 and Sören Norby 1524-25 / Jan-Christian Schlüter

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Schlüter, Jan-Christian, 1979-

    2008-01-01

    Ojamaa ja Saaremaa kontaktidest on vähe teada perioodist Saksa ordu ja Rootsi kuningate valitsemisaja vahel. Ivar Axelsson Totti ja Sören Nörby arveraamatutes mainitud kohanimede seas on Eestiga seotud nimedel küllalt suur osakaal. Ka esineb kaptenite palgaarvetel Eestist pärit isikute nimesid

  3. 下梅古村落风水意象及养生内涵的解读%Mei Feng Shui Ancient Villages under the Imagery and Health Connotation Interpretation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周世辉

    2015-01-01

    This article through the analysis of carding mei feng shui cultural resources of ancient villages under the living experience, analyzes in cas fukang "content" under the guidance of the concept, more than five hundred to more than sixty kinds of surname how an ancient village of three thousand generations live in this is subject to ex-plore and crack in this paper.%笔者通过分析梳理下梅古村落风水人文资源中的养生经验, 剖析在"物阜民安"理念指导下,500多户60多种姓氏近3 000人口的古村落如何世代在此安居乐业,并对此逐一进行探究和解读.

  4. 冯金福教授半导体电子输运研究工作评述%A Review of Professor Feng Jin-Fu’s Research on the Electronic Transport Properties of Semiconductor

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘玉申

    2014-01-01

    This paper conducts a review of Professor Feng Jin-fu’s research on the field of the electronic trans-port properties of semiconductor from four aspects: spatial modulation differential reflectance spectroscopy, quan-tum theory of mesoscopic electrical circuit, quantum transport properties of quantum dot and DNA and spin char-acteristic of quantum dot.%从空间调制微分反射光谱、介观电路的量子力学处理、量子点和DNA的量子输运性质、量子点的自旋特性四个方面介绍了冯金福教授开展的在半导体电子输运领域所做的工作。

  5. 论冯契广义认识论中的两条认识进路%On the two Approaches of Cognition in Feng Qi's General Epistemology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    章伟

    2012-01-01

    传统马克思主义哲学教材无外是沿着"感性经验—理论思维—具体真理"进路对认识论进行阐述。这一认识进路克服了先验论和经验论的缺陷,但也存在诸多弊端;特别是其淡化了主体自由人格的发展。而在冯契的广义认识论中,除传统认识进路以外,还突显出"认知—评价—理想"进路。它对前者的不足有所克服。比较这两条认识进路,可以进一步挖掘冯契对认识论的独特贡献。%The traditional materials of Marxist philosophy demonstrated the epistemology only along the approach of 'perceptual experience-theoretic thinking-specific truth'.This approach of cognition has overcome the defects of apriorism and empiricism,but still some shortcomings in it;it has neglected especially the development of the free personality.On the contrary,it is in Feng Qi's General Epistemology that an other approach is prominent besides the traditional one,named'cognition-valuation-ideal',which resolves the troubles of the former to some extent.We can go further into the special contribution of the epistemology from Feng Qi by contrasting them.

  6. ZhengQing FengTongNing injection iontophoresis treatment of rheumatoid arthritis%正清风痛宁注射液离子导入治疗风湿性关节炎

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王娅娟

    2013-01-01

      目的 临床应用正清风痛宁注射液离子导入法治疗风湿性关节炎,观察其临床疗效及进行安全评估.方法将60例临床诊断风湿性关节炎患者随机双盲分为治疗组与对照组,每组各30例;对照组予细胞毒药物+糖皮质激素+非甾体类抗炎药联合治疗,治疗组在对照组基础上加用正清风痛宁注射液离子导入治疗,治疗1个月后,观察两组治疗疗效及不良反应.结果治疗组在临床疗效上优于对照组(P 0.05).结论正清风痛宁注射液离子导入治疗风湿性关节炎具有临床实用意义.%Objective ZhengQing FengTongNing injection iontophoresis treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. Methods 60 patients with clinical diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis patients were randomly divided into treatment group and control group 30 cases each,after 1 month of therapy group to observe the curative effect and adverse reaction.Results he treatment group was better than control group in the clinical curative effect(P < 0.05). Conclusion ZhengQing FengTongNing injection iontophoresis treatment of rheumatoid arthritis is safe and effective.

  7. Le problème du continu/discontinu dans la sémiophysique de René Thom et l’origine du langage

    OpenAIRE

    Wildgen, Wolfgang

    2010-01-01

    Le problème de la relation entre le continu et le discontinu fut au centre de la sémiotique (appelée « sémiophysique ») de René Thom. On peut retrouver au moins trois problèmes pour lesquels Thom a donné des réponses : 1) La distinction aristotélicienne entre homéomère et anhoméomère. 2) Le concept de symétrie ; les brisures de la symétrie créent une structure discontinue. 3) L’origine du langage. Les théories contemporaines d’une discontinuité ou continuité dans l’évolution du langage devron...

  8. A Comparative Study of the Translated Versions of Song You Ren by Ezra Pound and Qiu Kean-From the Perspective of Functional Grammar

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Jing

    2013-01-01

    As one genre of literature, poetry is the elite in both Chinese language and its culture. With its unique characteristics of metrical and form regulations and the beauty of its simplicity and conciseness, Chinese Tang poetry is one of the brightest pearls in the world literature treasury.Translating as a purposeful activity was originated from the functionalist approaches to translation. From the perspective of functional grammar, this thesis attempts to study two translation versions of Song You Ren written by Li Bai. More emphasis has been put on the similarities and differentiations of the textual analysis. Through the analysis and compari-son between the two translation versions, it is found that functional grammar is not only helpful to have a deep understanding of the discourse, but will also throw some light upon the practice of translation.

  9. Observaciones sobre el debate Sahlins-Obeyesekere: la muerte del capitán Cook vista desde la antropología de René Girard

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriel Andrade

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este ensayo es tomar partido en la disputa entre los antropólogos Marshall Sahlins y Gananath Obeyesekere, utilizando a la obra de René Girard como instrumento teórico. De acuerdo a Sahlins, el capitán James Cook fue asesinado en Hawaii en 1779, y según testimonios posteriores, los nativos llegaron a identificar a Cook con Lono, dios de la agricultura. Obeyesekere mantiene que la versión de Sahlins es un mito colonialista de superioridad europea. La antropología de Girard nos permite comprender que, de acuerdo a la manera en que opera lo sagrado, es posible que efectivamente el capitán Cook haya sido identificado con un dios, respaldando así la posición de Sahlins.

  10. El camino del medio o Béla Bártok en la visión existencialista de René Leibowitz

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gómez Gálvez, Mauricio

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Following World War II, René Leibowitz, principal defender and promoter of dodecaphonism in France, became a prominent figure in the intellectual milieu, as music critic for literary reviews of the period. In October 1947 he published a polemic article entitled “Bela Bartók, or the possibility of Compromise in Contemporary Music”, which appeared in Les Temps Modernes (review founded by Jean-Paul Sartre. The postulates of this text would have an unsuspected influence on the post-War generation of composers. Through a minute examination of the text, as well as other period sources, this paper proposes two principal objectives: to analyze the reception of the article by the French biographers of Bartók and to measure the impact of the ideas of Leibowitz on his students, notably Pierre Boulez.Finalizada la Segunda Guerra mundial, René Leibowitz, principal defensor y promotor del dodecafonismo en Francia, ocupa un sitial de privilegio en el medio intelectual, desempeñándose como crítico musical en prestigiosas revistas literarias de la época. En octubre de 1947, publica en Les Temps Modernes (revista fundada y dirigida por Jean-Paul Sartre un artículo polémico titulado “Béla Bartók ou la possibilité du compromis dans la musique contemporaine”. Los postulados de dicho escrito tendrán una influencia insospechada sobre una parte importante de la juventud musical de aquel entonces. A través de un examen minucioso del texto, así como de otras fuentes de la época, este trabajo se propone un doble objetivo: analizar la recepción del artículo en los biógrafos franceses de Bartók y evaluar el impacto de las ideas leibowitzianas en sus alumnos, en particular en Pierre Boulez.

  11. Amygdalin isolated from Semen Persicae (Tao Ren) extracts induces the expression of follistatin in HepG2 and C2C12 cell lines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Chuanbin; Li, Xuechen; Rong, Jianhui

    2014-01-01

    The Chinese medicine formulation ISF-1 (also known as Bu-Yang-Huan-Wu-Tang) for post-stroke rehabilitation could increase the expression of growth-regulating protein follistatin by approximately 4-fold. This study aims to identify the active compounds of ISF-1 for the induction of follistatin expression. Active compounds in ISF-1 responsible for induction of follistatin were identified by a bioactivity-guided fractionation procedure involving liquid-liquid extraction, HPLC separation and RT-PCR detection. The aqueous extracts of seven ISF-1 ingredients including Semen Persicae (Tao Ren) and the S. Persicae-derived fractions were assayed for the induction of follistatin mRNA expression in human hepatocarcinoma HepG2 cells by RT-PCR. The concentrations of isolated compounds were proportionally normalized to the reported IC50 concentration (5.8 mg/mL) of the formulation ISF-1 in HepG2. The active fractions were characterized by reverse-phase HPLC on a C18 column and identified by mass spectrometry. Three ingredients of ISF-1, namely S. Persicae (Tao Ren), Pheretima (Di Long), and Flos Carthami (Hong Hua), induced the expression of follistatin mRNA. Among these, the ingredient S. Persicae were the most active, and amygdalin from S. Persicae extract was identified as a novel follistatin inducer. Amygdalin stimulated the growth of skeletal muscle cell line C2C12 cells in a concentration-dependent manner. Amygdalin isolated from S. Persicae extract in ISF-1 through a bioactivity-guided fractionation procedure induced the expression of follistatin in HepG2 and C2C12 cell lines.

  12. FengYin Tang in Treating 47 Patients with Perimenopause of Liver-Yang Hyperactivity Pattern%风引汤治疗肝阳上亢型绝经综合征47例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李江慧; 曹保利

    2014-01-01

    Objective:To survey therapeutic effects of modified FengYin Tang in treating perimenopause of liver-Yang hyperactivity pattern. Methods:Ninety-four patients were allocated to the observation group and the con-trol group randomly, 47 cases of the observation group took modified FengYin Tang and the control group Xin-ShenAn capsule. Curative effects of both groups, the improvements of TCM syndrome, the changes of follicle-stimu-lating hormone (FSH), leuteinizing hormone (LH) and estradiol (E2) were observed. Results:Total effective rate of the observation group was 93.62%, higher than 80.85%of the control group, the difference had statistical meaning (P0.05). After treating, the levels of E2, FSH and LH in both groups were notably improved (P0.05), the difference had statistical meaning in FSH and E2 after treating (P<0.05). Conclusion:FengYin Tang indicates the advantages of improving the symptoms and internal secretion of the patients suffering from perimenopause of liver-Yang hyperactivity pattern without obvious adverse reaction.%目的:观察风引汤加减治疗肝阳上亢型绝经综合征的临床疗效。方法:选择94例肝阳上亢型绝经综合征门诊患者,随机分为观察组与对照组。观察组47例给予风引汤加减治疗,对照组47例给予心神安胶囊。观察2组临床疗效、中医证候的改善情况及血清中卵泡刺激素(FSH)、促黄体生成激素(LH)及雌二醇(E2)的水平变化。结果:总有效率观察组为93.62%,对照组为80.85%,2组比较差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);观察组改善烘热汗出、烦躁易怒、眩晕耳鸣、胁肋胀满、皮肤干燥、阴道干涩、悲伤欲哭、口苦咽干等症状的疗效优于对照组(P<0.05);对照组改善腰膝酸软的症状疗效优于观察组(P<0.05);其余症状2组比较,差异无统计学意义(P>0.05)。治疗后E2、FSH、LH水平2组均明显改善(P<0.05);LH治疗后组间比较,差异无统计学意义(P>0

  13. The State of Harmony Constituted by Four Hearts on Feng Zikai's Aesthetic Ideal%“四心”圆融之境:丰子恺审美理想论

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋霞; 杨晓河

    2014-01-01

    If we want to understand Feng Zikai's aesthetic view,we need understand the metaphor of the “three-story building”about reality,art and religion.The layer of reality is the foundation and the ultimate purport;the layer of art has double identities of ontological significance and pivotal role;and the layer of religion is the highest state and has spiritual leading meaning to the below layers.Feng Zi-kai considers only religion can reveal the most profound meaning of “the true”.“The good”is a com-bination of compassion of Buddhism and Confucian benevolence.“The beautiful”contains the beauty of the form which has nothing to do with the content and the beauty of the spirit which is based on “the true“and “the good”.The latter is higher than the former.The beauty of spirit has the implication of Buddhism.The heart of art is associated with the heart of religion.At the same time the heart of art is associated with the heart of benevolence and the heart of childlike innocence.The four hearts are inter-linked with each other to the state of harmony,which constitutes Feng Zikai's unique aesthetic ideal.%对丰子恺的审美观的认识,需要放在现实∕艺术∕宗教的“三层楼”的比喻中。现实层是基础,亦是最终旨归,艺术层兼有本体意义与枢纽作用双重身份,宗教层是至高境界,对下具有精神引领的作用。丰子恺认为,对“真”的最深刻的揭示惟有宗教能够担当;“善”是佛教之慈悲与儒家之仁的结合;“美”包含与内容无涉的形式之美以及以真善为底子的精神之美,后者高于前者,精神之美具有佛教的蕴涵。艺术心与宗教心相沟通,同时还与仁心、童心相沟通,“四心”相通达至圆融之境,构成了丰子恺独特的审美理想。

  14. Modernization Transition of the Connotation and Practice Method of the Spirit of Lei Feng%论雷锋精神内涵及实践方式的现代转向

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢俊春

    2014-01-01

    Since the Chinese economic reform, our country’s political task and social practice environment have big differences with the past. In this situation, we must implement the modernization transition of the meaning and practice method of the spirit of Lei Feng, to advance and promote the civism, the innovation spirit, the independence spirit, and the team spirit, which are contained in the spirit of Lei Feng. Besides, the randomized temporary assistance should be converted to the formal social relief, and the personal behaviors should be changed into organized group behaviors. A variety of volunteer activities should be accumulated to rescue the huge weak community, so as to face the big challenge of the aging society.%改革开放以来,我国面临的政治社会任务和社会实践环境与过去已有很大的不同,要求我们必须实现雷锋精神内涵及实践方式的现代转向,着力提倡和弘扬雷锋精神蕴含的公民精神、创新精神、自主精神、团结精神,从强烈的阶级情感转向普遍的对全体社会成员乃至全人类的人文关怀,从计划经济年代的服从意识和臣民人格转向市场经济条件下的独立意识和公民人格。同时,由随机的临时的救助转向正规的社会工作救助,由分散的个人行为转向有组织的团体行为,发起各类志愿者行动,救助庞大的弱势群体,应对老龄社会提出的巨大挑战。

  15. Touching with Affection:Views on the Teaching of "A Speech of Mr. Liang Ren' gong"%以情动人--《记梁任公先生的一次演讲》教学之我见

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴瑶

    2014-01-01

    《记梁任公先生的一次演讲》不仅仅向我们展示了梁任公先生作为学者的政治情怀,也曲折隐晦地表现了梁实秋的政治情怀,两位伟大的学者不论是演讲还是文章,都让读者真正体会到了只有“动情”才能“动人”。%"A Speech of Mr. Liang Ren'gong"not only shows us the political feelings of Mr. Liang Ren'gong as a scholar, but also implicitly manifests Liang Shiqiu's political feelings.Both the speech and passage of the two great scholars have made the readers truly experience that only affection can touch people.

  16. 北宋蜀人冯山家世行年及《安岳集》版本考并补冯山佚诗%A Research on Feng Shan’ s Family, Biography,Version of Anyue Poetry and One Uncollected Poem

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李清华

    2014-01-01

    冯山,北宋中期蜀中诗人,颇有盛名。其家世个人资料匮乏,今无系统研究。根据古籍相关记载,对其家世谱系略作整理,编次其个人行年及其创作,试图系统地研究冯山。对《安岳集》的版本作详细地考证论述,以期对四川文学研究略有补益。又据《永乐大典》补冯山《黄沙村》七律一首。%Feng Shan was a famous poet in Sichuan in the Song Dynasty. Because of the deficiency of historical re-cords, there is not a systematic study of him. According to the records of ancient books, the essay mainly gives a systematically textual research on Feng Shan,such as his family and biography,the version of Anyue Poetry,hoping to be of help for the literature study in Sichuan. Besides,the outhor finds one of Feng Shan’ poems uncollected in other existing books from The Yongle Canon.

  17. Die Rolle der Glukosetransporter an der Blut-Hirn-Schranke nach einem Schädel-Hirn-Trauma und deren eventueller Einfluss auf die Entwicklung eines sekundären Hirnödems

    OpenAIRE

    Wais, Sebastian

    2013-01-01

    Laut der Weltgesundheitsorganisation (WHO) waren in Deutschland 2006 akute ischämische Ereignisse des Zentralen Nervensystems (ZNS) die fünfthäufigste Todesursache. Zu diesen ischämischen Ereignissen zählen Schlaganfall, Kardiopulmonale Reanimation, traumatische Hirnverletzungen, sowie perioperative ischämische Komplikationen. Aufgrund der schwerwiegenden Folgen, die ein Verlust von Nervenzellen für den Patienten bedeutet, muss die weitere medizinische Akutversorgung den sekundären neuronalen...

  18. RASİM ÖZDENÖREN VE FEODOR DOSTOYEVSKİ' NİN TAHKİYE ANLAYIŞI AÇISINDAN BİR KARŞILAŞTIRMA

    OpenAIRE

    ABİBULAYEVA, Lemana

    2006-01-01

    Çalışmamızın adı 'Rasim Özdenören ve Feodor Dostoyevski Arasında Tahkiye Anlayışı Bakımından Bir Karşılaştırma'dır. Bu çalışma, Türk öykücülerinden biri olan Rasim Özdenören ile Rus klasiklerinden Feodor Dostoyevski'nin eserlerini inceleyen bir mukayeseli edebiyat araştırmasıdır. Adı geçen yazarların tahkiye metinleri incelenmiş; mekân, zaman, olay örgüsü, şahıs kadrosu, konular, dil ve üslûp açısından değerlendirilmiştir. Ayrıca çalışmamızın sonunda Rasim Özdenören ile yaptığımız bir sö...

  19. Zhong Xiu’e, A Wrestler

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JENNIFER; LIM

    1998-01-01

    THE Chinese like to say: "A person who does not worry does not grow up." It means that a mature person will always take a more realistic view of the future and not be blindly optimistic. "If there used to be a yard of difference between foreign countries and us, it’s only three inches

  20. Zhong TAA signature — EDRN Public Portal

    Science.gov (United States)

    The TAA signature is a diagnostic array of five markers capable of distinguishing patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) from normal control subjects. The diagnostic array was developed by enriching and screening phage-expressed tumor-associated proteins, and using these in a fluorescent protein microarray to identify and measure multiple non-small cell lung cancer-associated antibodies and show how simultaneous measurements can be combined into a single diagnostic assay. Although the identity of the phage-expressed proteins is not critical for use in a diagnostic assay, the sequences were compared with the GenBank database to obtain possible identity. The five proteins in the final diagnostic array are GAGE7, BAC clone RP11-499F19, SEC15L2, PMS2P7 (PMS2L15), and EEF1A.

  1. Osteomyelitis der Wirbelsäule und Bildung eines Abzesses am linken Oberschenkel nach Implantation eines endovaskulären Strents in die Arteria femoralis superficialis sinistra

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brodmann M

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available Die perkutane transluminale Angioplastie (PTA mit nachfolgender Implantation von selbstexpandierbaren intravaskulären Stents ist mittlerweile eine etablierte Methode zur Behandlung von arteriosklerotischen Läsionen geworden. Nachfolgende septische Komplikationen dieses Eingriffes, manches Mal mit tödlichem Ausgang, sind in der Literatur beschrieben, gelten jedoch als sehr selten. Daher gibt es auch eine sehr kontroversielle Meinung über die prophylaktische Gabe von Antibiotika bei der Implantation von Stents. Wir beschreiben einen Patienten, dem ein gecoverter Stent in die Arteria femoralis superficialis sinistra implantiert wurde und bei dem sich nachfolgend ein Abszeß um den Stent entwickelte. Der Patient hatte weder vor der Stentimplantation eine prophylaktische, noch im Anschluß eine begleitende antibiotische Therapie erhalten. Nach Diagnose des Abszesses wurde der Patient antibiotisch massiv abgedeckt und konnte in zufriedenstellendem Allgemeinzustand nach Hause entlassen werde. Zu Hause jedoch setzte der Patient seine antibiotische Therapie ab. Daraufhin entwickelte der Patient Zeichen einer schweren Allgemeinsepsis mit einer Spondylodiscitis im Bereich von TH 12 und L1 mit prae- und paravertebraler Infiltration, so wie auch einen Abszeß im Bereich des linken Musculus psoas.

  2. A chemostratigraphic method to determine the end of impact-related sedimentation at marine-target impact craters (Chesapeake Bay, Lockne, Tvären)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ormö, Jens; Hill, Andrew C.; Self-Trail, Jean M.

    2010-01-01

    To better understand the impact cratering process and its environmental consequences at the local to global scale, it is important to know when in the geological record of an impact crater the impact-related processes cease. In many instances, this occurs with the end of early crater modification, leaving an obvious sedimentological boundary between impactites and secular sediments. However, in marine-target craters the transition from early crater collapse (i.e., water resurge) to postimpact sedimentation can appear gradual. With the a priori assumption that the reworked target materials of the resurge deposits have a different chemical composition to the secular sediments we use chemostratigraphy (δ13Ccarb, %Corg, major elements) of sediments from the Chesapeake Bay, Lockne, and Tvären craters, to define this boundary. We show that the end of impact-related sedimentation in these cases is fairly rapid, and does not necessarily coincide with a visual boundary (e.g., grain size shift). Therefore, in some cases, the boundary is more precisely determined by chemostratigraphy, especially carbonate carbon isotope variations, rather than by visual inspection. It is also shown how chemostratigraphy can confirm the age of marine-target craters that were previously determined by biostratigraphy; by comparing postimpact carbon isotope trends with established regional trends.

  3. Management von Patienten vor und nach Implantation eines transjugulären intrahepatischen portosystemischen Shunts (TIPS - Bericht der Vienna TIPS Study Group

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Angermayr B

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Die Implantation eines transjugulären intrahepatischen portosystemischen Shunts (TIPS ist ein minimal-invasiver Eingriff zur Therapie und Prävention der Komplikationen von portaler Hypertension durch Senkung des portalvenösen Drucks. In Wien werden seit 1991 TIPS-Implantationen durchgeführt und bis heute wurden über 560 Patienten an 5 verschiedenen Zentren mit TIPS therapiert. Im Rahmen der multizentischen Kooperation wurde es offensichtlich, daß durch ein einheitliches Vorgehen innerhalb der Zentren, welche TIPS-Implantationen durchführen, die Evaluation von Patientendaten und Ergebnissen wesentlich vereinfacht würde und die Qualität der Betreuung verbessert werden könnte. Weiters würde dies einen Vergleich der verschiedenen Institutionen auch in Hinblick auf Qualitätsmanagement vereinfachen. Deshalb einigten sich die beteiligten Zentren auf (1. Erhebung von Basisdaten und Durchführung von gewissen Untersuchungen im Rahmen der TIPS-Evaluation, (2. einen standardisierten Befundbericht der Implantation und (3. eine einheitliche medikamentöse Therapie nach TIPS. Das vorliegende Statement repräsentiert die aktuellen Konsensus-Empfehlungen für TIPS-Implantationen in Wien, die auf jeden TIPS-Patienten angewendet werden sollten, unabhängig von anderen individuellen Untersuchungen und Therapien.

  4. Cap a l'ordre simbòlic femení: La passió segons Renée Vivien

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lluïsa Julià

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available This article is an interpretation of the novel which Maria-Mercè Marçal published in 1994. It highlights the main elements of the feminine symbolic space constructed out of her own sexuality and declared as different from the masculine one, taking the mythical, symbolical and real character of Renée Vivien as a starting point. Around this figment of imagination the feminine past is brought to mind and a possible future is worked out, a historical and literary universe which allows us to talk about women –with a paricular emphasis placed on the woman artist– from a complete perspective. Some referents which stand out in the novel out of her own imaginary, reproduced and created by the author, are described. In this respect, the writer's intellectual, poetic and ironical response in the cultural debate which women´s creativity continues to assume is stressed, and a few keys to the respect are given.

  5. Suan Zao Ren Tang in Combination with Zhi Zi Chi Tang as a Treatment Protocol for Insomniacs with Anxiety: A Randomized Parallel-Controlled Trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lin-lin Hu

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Insomnia is a serious worldwide health problem that is often comorbid with anxiety. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy of a Chinese formula containing Suan Zao Ren Tang (SZRT and Zhi Zi Chi Tang (ZZCT; SZR-ZZC for improving sleep quality and anxiety states with four indices of Polysomnography (PSG, the Insomnia Severity Index (ISI, the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI, and the Self Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS. Methods. A randomized, parallel-controlled trial compared SZR-ZZC to lorazepam tablet in insomniacs with anxiety. Patients were randomized to the SZR-ZZC treatment group (n=60 and the lorazepam tablet treatment group (n=59. Results. SZR-ZZC significantly improved scores on all four treatment indices. Compared with lorazepam, treatment with SZR-ZZC resulted in a significant reduction in the ISI (P=0.029, the PSQI (P=0.017, and wake after sleep onset (WASO; P=0.008 scores and improved sleep architecture (P=0.000–0.003 after a 4-week treatment period. Only one subject in the SZR-ZZC group experienced adverse side effects. Conclusion. Treatment with SZR-ZZC for 4 weeks appears to be a relatively safe and effective complementary therapeutic option when aiming to improve sleep quality and anxiety in insomniacs with anxiety.

  6. Chronic estrogen treatment in female transgenic (mRen2)27 hypertensive rats augments endothelium-derived nitric oxide release.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, P; Ferrario, C M; Ganten, D; Brosnihan, K B

    1997-06-01

    Postmenopausal estrogen replacement therapy is associated with a reduction in cardiovascular events in women, but the mechanisms for this protection are unclear, especially in hypertensive subjects. In this study we investigated the effects of 17beta-estradiol (E2) treatment on blood pressure and endothelial function of transgenic [(mRen2)27] hypertensive and normotensive rats. Thirty female transgenic negative [Tg(-)] and hypertensive positive [Tg(+)] rats were ovariectomized and received either E2 (1.5 mg/rat, subcutaneously, for 3 weeks) or placebo. Chronic 17beta-estradiol treatment lowered mean blood pressure in both Tg hypertensive (159 +/- 4 v 145 +/- 4 mm Hg, P calcium ionophore (A23187)-induced endothelium-dependent relaxation was less potent in Tg(+) as compared to Tg(-) rats and was enhanced by E2 treatment only in Tg(+) animals. There were no differences in the vasodilator responses elicited by sodium nitroprusside. Removal of endothelium and blockade of NO production abolished the endothelium-dependent vasodilation. The selective NO synthase inhibitor, N(G)-monomethyl-L-arginine (LMMNA), was used to evaluate indirectly the basal contribution of NO in vascular rings. The response to LMMNA was attenuated in untreated Tg(+) as compared to Tg(-) rats. E2 treatment augmented the contraction response to NOS inhibition in both Tg(+) and Tg(-) rats, resulting in a response in Tg(+) rats that was no different from Tg(-) rats. These results indicate that untreated, surgically ovariectomized hypertensive rats show deficiencies in endothelial function, which can be improved by estrogen replacement.

  7. Caracterización de la conducta suicida en el Policlínico "René Ávila Reyes". Holguín 2007-2008

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eisy Mercedes Infantes Pérez

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Aborda un estudio descriptivo, de series de casos sobre el comportamiento de la conducta suicida en el Policlínico ¿René Ávila Reyes¿, Holguín .2007-2008. La muestra estuvo integrada por 52 pacientes con conducta suicida. Para la obtención de información se revisaron Historias Clínicas y discusiones de casos. En el intento suicida hubo un mayor predominio en los adolescentes, las mujeres y amas de casa. Las edades de 31 a 40 años, del sexo masculino y desocupados, se señalaron con mayor comportamiento en el suicidio. Los métodos más empleados para realizar el intento correspondieron a la ingestión de tabletas y el ahorcamiento para al suicidio. Los antecedentes patológicos familiares y personales de conducta suicida se señalaron como factor importante y el problema principal que desencadenó la conducta correspondió a la depresión marcada. Se recomendó el diseño de una estrategia de intervención comunitaria para lograr un impacto en el área de salud.

  8. In Honor of the 80th Birthdays of Professors SHEN JiaCong, SHEN ZhiQuan and ZHUO RenXi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YANG Bai; GAO ChangYou; ZHANG XianZheng

    2011-01-01

    Professors SHEN JiaCong,SHEN ZhiQuau aud ZHUO RenXi are famous chemists and educationists of China,and academicians of the Chinese Academy of Sciences.Although born in 1931 and approaching their 80th birthdays,these scientists are still very active in both research and education.Many of their students have become professors and leaders at universities in China,the US,and other countries.The three professors have made significant contributions to the promotion and growth of polymer science in China.To commemorate their 80th birthdays,the editorial board of Science China Chemistry has produced this special issue in Chinese and English Editions.We are honored to dedicate this issue to them.We thank the many professors who have contributed a great deal of time and effort to this special issue on writing and reviewing.We also thank the editorial staffs of Science China Chemistry,Dr ZHU XiaoWen,and Dr TIAN Ying for their work on the design,organization,editing and production of this issue.

  9. Suan zao ren tang in combination with zhi zi chi tang as a treatment protocol for insomniacs with anxiety: a randomized parallel-controlled trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Lin-Lin; Zhang, Xin; Liu, Wen-Juan; Li, Mei; Zhang, Yong-Hua

    2015-01-01

    Insomnia is a serious worldwide health problem that is often comorbid with anxiety. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy of a Chinese formula containing Suan Zao Ren Tang (SZRT) and Zhi Zi Chi Tang (ZZCT; SZR-ZZC) for improving sleep quality and anxiety states with four indices of Polysomnography (PSG), the Insomnia Severity Index (ISI), the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), and the Self Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS). Methods. A randomized, parallel-controlled trial compared SZR-ZZC to lorazepam tablet in insomniacs with anxiety. Patients were randomized to the SZR-ZZC treatment group (n = 60) and the lorazepam tablet treatment group (n = 59). Results. SZR-ZZC significantly improved scores on all four treatment indices. Compared with lorazepam, treatment with SZR-ZZC resulted in a significant reduction in the ISI (P = 0.029), the PSQI (P = 0.017), and wake after sleep onset (WASO; P = 0.008) scores and improved sleep architecture (P = 0.000-0.003) after a 4-week treatment period. Only one subject in the SZR-ZZC group experienced adverse side effects. Conclusion. Treatment with SZR-ZZC for 4 weeks appears to be a relatively safe and effective complementary therapeutic option when aiming to improve sleep quality and anxiety in insomniacs with anxiety.

  10. René Andioc tenía razón: la Continuación del Semanario de Salamanca (1800

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro ÁLVAREZ DE MIRANDA

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo está destinado a resolver uno de los «enigmas histórico- literarios» que René Andioc planteó en uno suyo de 1992. Había indicios de que el Semanario de Salamanca, publicación supuestamente concluida en 1798 (no se conocían ejemplares posteriores, había tenido una continuidad posterior, puesto que esos indicios sugerían que un artículo relacionado con Moratín se había publicado en el número del 19 de abril de 1800 de dicho periódico. Aquí se da a conocer la existencia de tres ejemplares (uno de ellos de desigual extensión frente a los otros dos de una Continuación del Semanario de Salamanca (enero a junio de 1800, en cuyo número del 19 de abril figura, en efecto, un escrito firmado por «P. OzerínJáuregui y Z.» que es una réplica al Examen en que Cristóbal Cladera había criticado la traducción del Hamlet por Moratín

  11. Application of Horizontal Subsurface Flow Constructed Wetland Systems for Domestic Wastewater Treatment: A Case Study, Kızılcaören

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fulya Aydın Temel

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Constructed wetlands (CWs are a green technology that have been used to treat several types of wastewater such as domestic, industrial, agricultural wastewaters and landfill leachate. CWs have several advantages included land intensive, low energy, easy operation and maintenance, low investment/operational costs, landscape esthetics, reuse of waters, and increased wildlife habitat compared to conventional systems. CWs are alternative treatment technologies due to these properties especially for rural settlements, industries, and hotels that are remote locations from central treatment plants. Physical, chemical, and biological treatment mechanisms can employ together in CWs. In the present study, two parallel full scale horizontal subsurface flow constructed wetlands were designed to treat domestic wastewater of Kızılcaören village in Samsun, Turkey. Juncus acutus and Cortaderia selloana were selected and the removal performance of each species were evaluated. During 7 months operation, the mean removal efficiencies of Juncus acutus and Cortaderia selloana were found as 33% and 32% for Mg2+; 62% and 55% for Fe2+; 64% and 56% for Fe3+; 46% and 37% for Cl2; 48% and 39% for total Cl2; 26% and 37% for Ca2+; 28% and 23% for SAA, respectively. Also, the Two-way ANOVA between groups was applied to determine any difference for the removal of all parameters between the plant types and months on the mean values of pollutants removal.

  12. Re-exploration on the Origin of the Prehistoric Witch Religion of the Chinese Feng Shui%中国风水的史前巫教源头再探

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡义成

    2015-01-01

    As early as in the 20th century, the foreign archaeology and other disciplines revealed and proved that there existed the“bottom layer of the Arminius witch”.The theory of“bottom layer of the Arminius witch” retold by Mr.Zhang Guangzhi and it was mainly constructed by Mr.Frost, in which Frost expounded that the Arminius which possessed eight ideological characteristics. Mr.Zhang himself once said that witch was very important to the prehistoric China and the eight ideological characteristics of the Arminius which were quite suitable for the study of the ancient China.The above-mentioned ideas reflected that the study of prehis-toric witch had something to do with the study of origin of the Chinese Feng Shui.The article 2 of the eight ideological characteristics of the Arminius which said that there existed the gods of four directions and the gods of four quadrants;the cosmos was divided into four quadrants which were Sep.arated by central axis between south and north, and east and west;meanwhile every direction often combined with specific color;the article 4 said witches were helped by the animal gods.By careful comparison, we found that the a-bove-mentioned ideas accorded completely with the theory of the Chinese Feng Shui, in which there existed front southern god ( scarlet bird) , behind northern god ( tortoise) , left eastern god ( green dragon) , right western god ( white tiger);there was a bas-ic chart of the central axis of south and north.Article 5 said all phenomenon in the cosmos were endowed vigor by vitality or soul, which accorded with vigor philosophy proposed by the Chinese Feng Shui.All these evidences proved that the witch religion was the origin of the prehistoric culture of the Chinese Feng Shui.%国外考古学和其他学科早在20世纪就揭示并多学科证明了史前存在“亚美巫教底层”。张光直先生转述的“亚美巫教底层”理论主要建构者佛斯特先生关于其意识形态八

  13. “助人为乐”的德性论阐释:以雷锋精神为例%“Happiness in Helping Others”:An Explanation from the Theory of Virtue, with Example of Lei Feng Spirit

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙海霞

    2013-01-01

    助人为乐是雷锋精神的重要组成部分,在德性论的阐释视域中,雷锋助人为乐的精神展现出深刻的价值内涵和时代意义:它崇尚助人之“乐”,在德性完善中实现精神愉悦;在“乐”于助人的行为实践中,彰显自觉自主的道德精神境界;在助人“乐”己的人生信条中,绽放“人我合一”的“他者”情怀。%Helping others is a key part of Lei Feng Spirit. In the horizon of Virtue Theory, the Spirit presents profound values and contemporary significance: it highlights happiness and the spiritual enjoyment in virtue improvement. Its emphasis of the “will” in helping practice tells self-aware morality perfection; its principle of spiritual gains through helping implies an integration of self and others.

  14. 《孔子诗论》与荀子论《风》《雅》《颂》%Confucian Poetics and Xunzi’ s Criticism on Feng, Ya and Song

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵东栓

    2016-01-01

    Confucian Poetics, based on Confucius teaching The Book of Songs and scholars’ interpretation afterwards, basically reflects Confucian thoughts about The Book of Songs. This is overtly and covertly linked to criticism of The Book of Songs by Xunzi, who was the last master of Confucianism in the Pre-Qin period. Seen from Confucian Poetics and Xunzi’ s criticism on Feng, Ya and Song, there are some similar opinions between them, which shows that the relation between Confucian Poetics and Xunzi’ s criticism on The Book of Songs is an academic one of source and flow.%《孔子诗论》是孔子诗教及后学阐释的产物,基本上体现的是孔子的诗学思想,而先秦最后的儒学大师荀子的论《诗》,与之存在着一些显性或隐性的联系。从《孔子诗论》与荀子论《风》《雅》《颂》来看,二者存在着某些相同或相近的观点,这说明《孔子诗论》与荀子论《诗》存在着源和流的学术联系。

  15. The Discourse Cohesion Features of Modern Poem From "Sonnet Collection" of Feng Zhi%从冯至“十四行诗”的篇章衔接看诗歌篇章的特色

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗菲

    2012-01-01

    There was very little study for discourse cohesion of modern poems, and almost none for the comp,-u-ative study between discourse cohesion of poem and prose and other literature styles. It is not appropriate for the name of poem-country. In order to disclose discourse cohesion features and regular patterns of modern poem, "Sonnet Collec- tion" of Feng Zhi, a famous modern poet, has been analyzed, in the form of granmmtical, lexical, rhetorical and punctuation marks.%前人对现代诗歌的篇章衔接研究很少,涉及诗歌篇章衔接与散文等其他文体比较研究的则几乎没有,认为这与素有“诗国”之称的我国很不相称。因此,选取了现代著名诗人冯至的《十四行集》,从语法形式、词汇、修辞和标点符号四个方面来深入分析冯至诗歌的篇章结构衔接方式,以便更好地理解与探求现代诗歌的篇章衔接特色,并寻求其规律。

  16. 补中益气汤加减联合司来吉兰治疗帕金森病伴功能性便秘的疗效观察%Clinical Observation on Bu-zhong Yi-qi Decoction Combined with Selegiline for Parkinson's Constipation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    毕树立; 刘斌; 高海英

    2014-01-01

    目的:探讨补中益气汤加减联合司来吉兰治疗帕金森病伴功能性便秘的临床疗效及安全性。方法:选择本病患者124例,根据治疗方式不同分成治疗组和对照组,两组均常规应用复方多巴和司来吉兰治疗帕金森病,治疗组在此基础上加用补中益气汤加减治疗便秘,对照组给予酚酞片,对比分析两组患者治疗的临床疗效和不良反应。结果:治疗组的总有效率86.4%,明显高于对照组70.7%,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。治疗组总不良反应发生率6.1%,明显小于对照组32.8%,差异有统计学意义(P<0.01)。结论:补中益气汤加减联合司来吉兰治疗帕金森病伴功能性便秘有较好的临床疗效。%Objective: To study the clinical curative effect and safety for the Bu-zhong Yi-qi decoction combined with selegiline on Parkinson's constipation. Methods: The 124 cases of Parkinson constipation patients were selected; According to different treatment, the patients were divided into treatment and control groups. Besides compound dopamine and selegiline to treat Parkinson's disease in two groups; patients were treated with Bu -zhong Yi -qi decoction in treatment group, and phenolphthalein pills in control group. The clinical efficacy and adverse reactions were compared in two groups. Results: The total effective rate was 86.4% in treatment group, which was obviously higher than the control group with 70.7% , with statistically significant difference (P<0.05). The total incidence of adverse reaction was 6.1% in treatment group, which was lower than the control group with 32.8% , with statistically significant difference (P <0.01). Conclusion:Bu -zhong Yi -qi decoction combined with selegiline can provide good clinical curative effect on Parkinson's constipation.

  17. 杜仲腰痛丸联合中药热敷治疗腰椎间盘突出症的临床研究%Clinical Study on DuZhong YaoTong Pill Combined with Herbal Hot Compress in the Treatment for Lumbar Disc Herniation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    牛喜信; 何万庆

    2015-01-01

    目的:观察杜仲腰痛丸联合中药热敷治疗腰椎间盘突出症的临床疗效。方法:将腰椎间盘突出症患者120例随机分为A组(常规治疗组30例)、B组(杜仲腰痛丸组30例)、C组(中药热敷组30例)和D组(杜仲腰痛丸+中药热敷组30例),观察各组患者治疗1周和1月时视觉模拟量表(visual analogue scale, VAS)评分、JOA评分及JOA评分好转率。结果:D组在VAS、JOA评分及JOA评分好转率方面均优于A、B、C组(P<0.05),同时疗效方面1月优于1周,治疗效果有时间依赖性。结论:杜仲腰痛丸联合中药热敷治疗腰椎间盘突出症能够减轻患者的疼痛,改善患者的功能,提高临床效果,且治疗时间较长时效果更明显。%Objective:To observe and evaluate curative effects of DuZhong YaoTong pill combined with herbal hot compress in the treatment for lumbar disc herniation. Methods:All 120 patients were randomized into A group (30 cases of routine treatment group), B group (30 cases of DuZhong YaoTong pill group), C group (30 cases of herbal hot compress group) and D group (30 cases of combined therapy group), to observe visual analogue scale (VAS), JOA scales and JOA scale improvement rate of the patients after treating for one week and one month. Results:D group was superior to A, B and C groups in VAS, JOA scales and JOA scale improvement rate (P<0.05), at the same time, therapeutic effects in one month were better than one week, therapeutic effects were dependent on time. Conclusion: DuZhong YaoTong pill combined with herbal hot compress in treating lumbar disc herniation could alleviate the patients' pain, improve functions and clinical effects which are time-dependent.

  18. An Imagination and Discipline of Culture Model: The Narration and Diffusion of the Story about Feng Yan in the Song Dynasty%文化合模的想象与规训——冯燕故事在宋代的叙述与传播

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张劲松

    2012-01-01

    Feng Yan is a roaming swordsman in The Legendary of Feng Yah in the Tang Dynasty. Feng com- mitted adultery with a woman. Later, he killed the woman and surrendered himself to the officials. He became a hero and was highly praised by the officials. However, his story was not popularly read and diffused. As a re- sult, he was not widely known in history at first. To the Song Dynasty, his story was integrated into the cultural model of the Song Dynasty as a sort of cultural spirit, talked about and thought about more widely than before. Zhang Qixian and Shangguan Rong rebuilt Feng~ story indirectly by writing notes and fictionally imagining. Zeng Bu sang directly about Feng Yan~ Chivalrous spirit in the form of ci ( a form of Chinese poem). In the Song Dy- nasty, Feng's story was not only praised on and on, but also given a new name of "being loyal to the emperor". His spirit was regarded as a model that would defend traditional Confucian morals.%冯燕是唐传奇《冯燕传》中的侠客,通人之妻而又杀之并自首官府。其侠义为士大夫所激赏歌颂。但历来研究其传播接受者较少。至宋代,冯燕故事犹如一种文化精神的母题融入宋人文化的模式中被重新叙述和想象。张齐贤和上官融以笔记记录和虚构想象的话语间接传释了冯燕故事。曾布以词直接歌咏了冯燕的侠义精神。冯燕故事在宋代不仅被继续歌颂,而且还被赋予了“忠君”报国的新义。冯燕的游侠气质被转化为维护儒家道德的理想楷模。

  19. 试析仲景《金匮要略》下法的应用特点%Application characteristics of the purgative method in Synopsis of Golden Chamber of Zhang Zhong-jing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田丽楠; 王新佩

    2015-01-01

    Purgative method, as one of the eight therapeutic methods of traditional Chinese medi-cine ( TCM) with many characteristics and advantages such as wide application and relatively quick effect. There are a lot of records and discussions on it in the ancient books of TCM. For example, there are more than 50 articles about purgative method and a total of 25 relevant prescriptions are involved in Synopsis of Golden Chamber. The relevant prescriptions includes Dachengqi Decoction, Xiaochengqi Decoction, Dahuang Xiaoshi Decoction, Zhizi Dahuang Decoction, Yinchenhao Decoction, Xiexin Decoction, Linggan Wuwei Decoction modified with Jiangxin Banxing Dahuang, Dahuang Gancao Decoction, Maziren Pill, Zhugaofa Decoction, Zouma Decoction, Dahuang Fuzi Decoction, Dahuang Zhechong Pill, Xiayuxue De-coction, Dahuang Mudan Decoction, Didang Decoction, Jiegengbai Powder, Shizao Decoction, Jijiao Li-huang Pill, Dahuang Gansui Decoction, Houpo Sanwu Decoction, Houpo Qiwu Decoction, Houpo Dahuang Decoction and Dachaihu Decoction. Besides, there are 17 kinds of diseases are treated with such method, including chest turgor, stomach turgor, bloody phlegm, jaundice, acute appendicitis, maternal abdominal pain, maternal intestinal carbuncle and maternal congestion of water and blood in blood chamber, so it is widely applied. This paper summed up the the provisions, diseases and syndromes, therapies, and pre-scriptions involving purgative method based on Synopsis of Golden Chamber, and discussed the application characteristics of the purgative method of ZHANG Zhong-jing from the following 6 aspects, such as nature of disease, diseased parts, exterior and interior of Yin and Yang, and medication features, in order to provide some reference for the diagnosis and treatment of the clinical diseases in modern TCM.%下法作为中医八大治疗方法之一,具有应用广泛、见效相对迅速的特点及优势。在中医古籍中有丰富的记载与论述。《金匮要略》中涉及下

  20. “展缓判断”求真相:冯友兰与胡适对孔老先后之争的学术意义--兼对冯友兰复胡适信函时间考证%Suspension of Judgement:The Academic Significance of Debate Between Feng Youlan and Hu Shi ---Textual Research on Time of Feng Youlan and Hu Shi’s Letters

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张婷

    2014-01-01

    Early 30s of the last century, Feng Youlan and Hu Shi had several debates on Confucius and Laozi. Each side held dif-ferent opinons from his own ideological analysis and textual research. After nearly half a century, finally under the support of the un-earthed cultural relics, Hu Shi was proved to be true. His“Suspension of judgment” academic principles on issues of the present academ-ic research has great significance.%20世纪30年代初,冯友兰与胡适等人针对老子其人其书与孔子的先后问题,曾经展开过多次交锋。双方各自从所擅长的思想系统分析和考证方法辨伪等几个方面进行讨论,意见迭出。近半个世纪后,最终在出土文物的佐证下,胡适生前的推断被证明为真。他所力倡的“展缓判断”学术原则及对争议问题的处理态度对当下的学术研究具有很大的启示意义。

  1. Comparison between Feng-shui and Landscape Ecology Benefit of the Buddhist Temple Garden of Tiantai Stream:A Case Study of the Guangshan Jingju Temple and Tiantai Guoqing Temple%天台宗佛教寺庙环境中“风水”和景观生态效应的比较分析——以光山净居寺和天台国清寺为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘芳; 沈朝栋; 柴明良

    2012-01-01

    风水理论,作为我国传统文化的一部分,曾在民间广泛应用.该文在梳理风水理论及理想风水模式的基础上,以光山净居寺和天台国清寺为例,立足景观生态学相关理论对天台宗佛教寺庙环境中“风水”和景观生态效应进行了相关研究和分析,并总结出传统风水理论和景观生态效应之间的联系.%Feng-shui theory can be seen as a part of folklore and culture in China. The key value orientation of geomantic thought is that the dwelling space of human should be harmonious with the environment. Through analyzing the Feng-shui theory and idealized model, with the example of Jingju temple and Guoqing temple, this article analyzed and discussed the Feng-shui and landscape ecology benefit of the buddhist temple garden of Tiantai Stream based on landscape ecology, and summed up the connection between Feng-shui theory and landscape ecology benefit.

  2. Time-dependent effects of electroacupuncture at the Ren channel on extracellular signal-regulated kinases 1/2 expression in focal cerebral ischemia rats

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhuoxin Yang; Lihong Diao; Haibo Yu; Wenshu Luo; Ling Wang; Min Pi; Xiaodan Rao; Junhua Peng

    2008-01-01

    BACKGROUND: The onset of focal cerebral ischemia activates extracellular signal-regulated kinases 1 and 2, regulates cell cycle, promotes cell proliferation and differentiation, and affects the normal stage and function of brain cells.OBJECTIVE: To observe the effects of electroacupuncture at the Ren channel on extracellular signal-regulated kinases 1/2 expression in the lateral cerebral ventricle wall of rats with focal cerebral ischemia. The effects were analyzed at different time points after intervention.DESIGN: Randomized controlled study.SETTING: Department of Anatomy, Sun Yat-Sen University. MATERIALS: A total of 60 healthy adult male Wistar rats weighing (250±10) g were provided by the Experimental Animal Center, Medical College of Sun Yat-Sen University. The animal experiment was conducted with confirmed consent by the local ethics committee. The GB6805-Ⅱ electric acupuncture apparatus was provided by Shanghai Medical Equipment High-techno Company. METHODS: The experiment was performed at the Laboratory of Anatomy, Sun Yat-Sen University, from February to July 2007. All experimental animals were randomly divided into the following groups: normal group (n = 6), sham operation group (n = 18), model group (n = 18), and electroacupuncture group (n = 18). Middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) was performed in the model group and electroacupuncture group. Zea Longa's grading standard was used to assess neurological impairment after reperfusion; animals whose grades were between 1 and 4 were included in this study. The normal control group was not exposed to MCAO. In sham operation animals, the right common carotid artery (CCA) was isolated, and the external carotid artery (ECA) was damaged, but no embolism was induced. The electroacupuncture group was given acupuncture on the second day after surgery. The acupoint locations were chosen according to Experimental Acupuncture (People's Publishing House; 1997; First Edition). The Chengjiang, Qihai, and Guanyuan

  3. [Scientific revolution and embryology: rejection or transformation of antiquity? A comparison between the procreation teachings of Cesare Cremonini, William Harvey und René Descartes].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lo Presti, Roberto

    2014-01-01

    In this paper I address the issue of the theoretical and epistemological status of embryology at the rise of the so-called "Scientific Revolution" (also in the first half of the seventeenth-century) and raise the question, in what sense and to what extent the historiographical concept of "Scientific Revolution" is applicable to the domain of embryology. To achieve this aim I compare the theories of three protagonists of the medical, scientific and philosophical debate of that age, namely Cesare Cremonini, William Harvey and René Descartes, who had very different views on the world structure and human nature and a very different concept of science, but who shared, as concerns embryological issues, an epigenetic conception of the development of the embryo. Their theories are discussed and compared in light of following questions: 1) What do Cremonini's, Harvey's and Descartes's embryological theories exactly aim to?; 2) In developing their theories, do these thinkers deal explicitly or implicitly with the Aristotelian and the Galenic embryological paradigm?; 3)Do they refer polemically to the Aristotelian and the Galenic tradition and what theoretical and/or rhetorical function have these polemical references?; 4) Do the embryological theories of Cremonini, Harvey and Descartes reflect the century-long dispute between "(Aristotelian) philosophers" and "(Galenic) doctors"?; 5) How is represented embryology as a 'scientific' and/or 'theoretical' domain? And what relationship between concepts of 'truth', 'research', 'tradition' and 'scientific progress' is implied or proposed in the embryological works of these three thinkers? What kind of use do Cremonini, Harvey and Descartes make of the argumenta ex ratione and of those ex experientia?

  4. Catalytic properties of an organic solvent-resistant tyrosinase from Streptomyces sp. REN-21 and its high-level production in E. coli.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ito, Masaaki; Inouye, Kuniyo

    2005-10-01

    An organic solvent-resistant tyrosinase (OSRT) from Streptomyces sp. REN-21 is a unique enzyme showing high activity in the presence of organic solvents. The OSRT-catalyzed oxidation of monophenols such as tyrosine-containing peptides and proteins was examined. The catalytic properties of OSRT were compared with those of mushroom tyrosinase. OSRT was shown to oxidize Gly-l-Tyr most effectively among four peptide substrates tested. On the other hand, mushroom tyrosinase showed the highest activity toward l-Tyr-Gly under the condition of 1 mM substrate. OSRT oxidized several proteins, including casein and hemoglobin, with relatively higher activity compared with mushroom tyrosinase under the condition of 1% (w/v) substrate. Thus, it was clarified that the catalytic properties of OSRT toward tyrosine-containing peptides and proteins are different from those of mushroom tyrosinase under these conditions. The OSRT-encoding gene operon was cloned, and found to consist of two genes, designated ORF-OSRT and ORF-393. The former encodes apo-OSRT, and the latter encodes the putative activator protein of apo-OSRT. A binuclear copper-binding site (type-3 copper site) characteristic of tyrosinases is contained in the deduced amino acid sequence for apo-OSRT. A high-level production system for the OSRT was constructed using pET20b(+) and Escherichia coli BL21(DE3)pLysS. Approximately 54 mg of active OSRT was synthesized in a 1-liter broth culture by this system. The properties of the recombinant OSRT were similar to those of the wild-type enzyme. In conclusion, we succeeded in constructing a high-level production system for OSRT.

  5. „Es wurde mehr als nur ein Elfchen...“. Literarisches Lernen mit Chamisso-Literatur – Lernen im Dialog im universitären Kontext

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudia Glotz

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Der Umgang mit Literatur ist in der Lehramtsausbildung des Faches Deutsch als Zweitsprache von zentraler Bedeutung. Einen besonderen Mehrwert für didaktische Konzeptionen in universitären Veranstaltungen besitzen in diesem Zusammenhang literarische Werke, die eine literarische Hybridität fokussieren. Der vorliegende Beitrag stellte dar, wie literarisches Lernen nach Spinner (2006  am Beispiel der Chamisso-Autorin Uljana Wolf erfolgen kann. Dabei werden die ersten drei Aspekte – Lebendige Vorstellungen entwickeln, Subjektive Involviertheit und genaue Textwahrnehmung miteinander ins Spiel bringen und Sprachliche Gestaltung bewusst wahrnehmen – des literarischen Lernens von Spinner genauer in den Blick genommen, wobei aufgezeigt wird, welche Wirkung die im Text angelegte literarische Hybridität auf die Studierenden hat. Methodisch orientiert sich das vorgestellte Projekt am dialogischen Lernen nach Gallin und Ruf (2014. Die Ergebnisse lassen Rückschlüsse zu, wie Inhalte einer transkulturellen Literaturdidaktik in die Lehramtsausbildung integriert werden können. Engaging with literary texts is not only a central component when studying to become a teacher for German as a first but also as a second language. Works of literature displaying literary hybridity seem to be of particular interest for university level didactics. The following paper will show how Spinner’s (2006 conception for literary learning can be adapted when working with texts by Chamisso-author Uljana Wolf. It will focus on the first three aspects of literary learning – developing vivid images when engaging with a text, balancing subjective involvement and detailed perception and paying close attention to the linguistic style – and show how students perceive the literary hybridity inherent in the text. The methodology will be based on Gallin and Ruf’s concept of dialogical learning (2014. The paper will conclude by discussing how contents of a transcultural

  6. Landscape in the Soul-On the Prose Collection Landscape of Feng Zhi%灵魂里的山水--论冯至散文集《山水》

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈邑华

    2015-01-01

    Feng Zhi has been hailed by Lu Xun as'the most distinguished lyric poet of China'.His prose collection Landscape is a unique existence in Chinese modern prose.During the War of Resist-ance Against Japan,the landscape in a plain and quiet corner in Kunming became the spiritual home of Feng Zhi.He absorbed the ideas in Chinese Zen and accretion of'the world and me,and the union of all and me'in Taoism,blended with the landscape concept from Rilke and the Metamorphosis Theory of Goethe,to form his original view of nature which is rich in'universe spirit',and that is all are in u-nion,from the same root,and moving upwards and forward in integration.This view has a strong hu-manistic color.In Landscape ,it focuses on'landscape in the soul',with the flowing feeling of benign and open-hearted,and the theme of'Right of Life and Death'running through.This wise and mag-nanimous view of life and death is full of personality strength of responsibility,perseverance and posi-tivity.It has a clear and deeply graceful writing style,with the fusion of poetics and philosophy,as well as the lingering charm,like a meditative poetry.%冯至被鲁迅誉为“中国最为杰出的抒情诗人”,其散文集《山水》在中国现代散文中可谓是一个独特的存在。抗战时期,昆明一隅素朴、安静的自然山水成为冯至的精神寓所,冯至汲取中国禅宗、道家“天地与我并生,万物与我一体”的思想,融合里尔克的山水理念以及歌德的蜕变论,形成自己独到的富于“宇宙精神”的自然观,即众生一体、万有同源,一切均在关联变化中向前向上的自然观。这一自然观具有强烈的人本主义色彩。《山水》关注“灵魂里的山川”,流淌着光风霁月的情怀,贯穿着“正当的死生”的主旋律。这一睿智坦荡的生死观,充溢着担当、坚忍、积极向上的人格力量。《山水》行文清朗深婉,诗情与哲思水乳交融,韵味悠长,宛如一首沉思的诗。

  7. 顺丰速运C2B电子商务网站设计初探%Exploration of Shun Feng Express' E-commerce Website Design On C2B

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    葛慧敏; 吴麟麟; 陈龙; 许人义

    2011-01-01

    Based on detailed analysis on value-added logistics service and C2B operational mode,we set Shun Feng Express as an example and then come up with a proposal about the value-added logistics services on C2B platform.This proposal includes expatiation on new-typed C2B concept;analytic data about market efficiency,actualities of e-commerce and costs of website design;risk assessment on Shun Feng's use of C2B website via fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method.Having colligated all the aspects mentioned,we finally prove our proposal has a great practicability.%在对物流增值服务及C2B模式进行分析的基础上,以顺丰速运为例,提出了基于C2B电子商务网站的物流增值服务的方案,并对新型C2B商务模型的概念进行了详细阐述。并通过对电子商务现状的分析、市场效益的分析、网站设计成本的分析以及运用模糊综合评价的方法对顺丰速运C2B电子商务网站的风险进行评估,验证了方案的切实可行性。

  8. Morphological Analysis on Dr. LAU Feng-shueh’s Neo-classical Dance%刘凤学“新古典”舞蹈文化形态分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李超

    2015-01-01

    本文以台湾刘凤学“新古典舞团”舞蹈作品为例,对舞蹈艺术在当代文化语境下的“新古典”形态进行考察,并从训练方法、剧场演出形态、创作观等几个方面对刘凤学之“新古典”舞蹈观念进行文化形态分析研究。文章通过“文化的身体与技术的身体”两个层面的阐述对刘凤学唐乐舞训练之途径和目的展开探讨,从“古典精神的当代时态”之角度集中论述了刘凤学唐乐舞在形式及审美中与当下时空的融合及对抗,并通过对不同作品的创作分析注述了“新古典”在现代创作中的探索和实践。%This paper explores the Neo-classical dance of Lau feng-shueh ’s dance works existing in the contemporary,and analyzes the conception of Neo-classical dance from the perspectives of body training,morphology of theatre dance and the idea of choreography,explaining the significance and effect of Neo-classical dance in the contemporary choreography and performing practice.

  9. Human Trafficking in Feng Menglong and Ming Dynasty as Seen in Ling Mengchu' s Works%从“三言”“二拍”看明代人口贩卖现象

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许菁频

    2011-01-01

    “三言”“二拍”中有关人口贩卖的篇目多达三四十篇,大致可分为亲人贩卖、主人发卖和人贩拐卖三类。人口贩卖既与“钱本位”下的生存压力有关,也与社会黑暗、盗贼猖獗相关。小说对人口贩卖的描写,使我们感受到了封建社会女性地位的低下、忠孝观念对人们思想的禁锢以及明末贞洁观念的渐趋淡薄。%There are thirty to forty stories in the three volumes of Words by Feng Menglong ( 1574 - 1646) and the two volumes of Slapping by Ling Mengchu (1580 -1644) that contain descriptions of human trafficking, falling into three categories: trafficking by families, by owners and by abductors. While the roaring business of human trafficking was attributable to the financial pressure in a money-worshipping society, it was closely related to the social injustice and prevalence of robbery and burglary at that time. From the descriptions in the novels we can infer the low status of women in the feudal society, the shackles of the so-called loyalty and filial piety on people' s mind, and the diminished concept of chastity during the end of the Ming dynasty ( 1368 - 1644).

  10. 论“三言”女性形象死亡叙事的审美意蕴%On Aesthetic Connotation of Death Narration of Female Images in FENG meng-long's Three Novel Collections

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    臧国书

    2012-01-01

    In his three collections of novels, FENG Meng-long combined the traditional concepts and time spirit and fe- male images were no longer the disaster sources and tools. When alive, they were real and had their own life stage. As for death, they lost their lives for their dreams hence they had their unique aesthetic features. The common narrative aesthetic fea- tures of positive figures are no hesitation to die for justice or a debt of gratitude and brave pursuit for love and self-respect. While the narrative aesthetic significance of the negative figures lies in that the malefactors, carnalists or degenerated deserved their punishment or flogging.%在“三言”中冯梦龙将传统观念与时代精神糅合塑造的女性形象不再是“祸水”和“工具”。生时,她们成为了实实在在的人,有鲜活的人生舞台;死时,她们为自己的理想和欲望而献身,具有独特的审美属性。正面形象,死亡叙事的审美共性是为正义、为报恩不惜一死的崇高;对爱、对尊严勇敢追逐的深情赞美。反面形象,死亡叙事的审美意味是作恶者、纵欲者的罪有应得;对丑、对堕落的无情鞭挞。

  11. Notes and Commentary of Chu His's The Textual Study of the Doctrine of the Mean on"the Zhong and the He Being Made Superlative" (致中和) in which the Ecological Thought is Contained%朱熹《中庸章句》对“致中和”的注释及其蕴含的生态思想——兼与《礼记正义·中庸》比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    乐爱国

    2012-01-01

    The Doctrine of the Mean said: "When joy, anger, sorrow and pleasure have not yet arisen, it is called the Zhong (中, equilibrium). When they arise to their appropriate levels, it is called the He(和, harmony). When the Zhong and the He are made superlative, Heaven and Earth are in their proper positic)ns, and the myriad things are nourished and flourish. " Chu His's The Textual Study of the Doctrine of the Mean made reasonable and profound notes and commentary on it, and thought that Heaven and Earth being in their proper positions, and the myriad things being nourished and flourish, will be achieved, when human makes the Zhong and the He superlative,and realizes that his connatural inbeing is identical with the Tad of Heaven and Earth and the myriad things, further more, completes the Tad of Heaven and Earth, and assists their suitable arrangement and transforming and nourishing powers. Here is contained the ecological thought.%朱熹《中庸章句》对"致中和,天地位焉,万物育焉"作了合理而深入的诠释,并且认为,将人的喜怒哀乐未发的"中"与发皆中节的"和"推到极致,并据此体会人的先天本性以及与此具有共同性的天地万物之理和变化规律,进而"裁成天地之道,辅相天地之宜"、"赞天地之化育",就可以实现"天地位"、"万物育"。这里蕴含着具有现代意义的生态思想。

  12. Intrarenal alterations of the angiotensin-converting enzyme type 2/angiotensin 1-7 complex of the renin-angiotensin system do not alter the course of malignant hypertension in Cyp1a1-Ren-2 transgenic rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Husková, Zuzana; Kopkan, Libor; Červenková, Lenka; Doleželová, Šárka; Vaňourková, Zdeňka; Škaroupková, Petra; Nishiyama, Akira; Kompanowska-Jezierska, Elzbieta; Sadowski, Janusz; Kramer, Herbert J; Červenka, Luděk

    2016-04-01

    The role of the intrarenal renin-angiotensin system (RAS) in the pathophysiology of malignant hypertension is not fully understood. Accumulating evidence indicates that the recently discovered vasodilator axis of the RAS, angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) type 2 (ACE2)/angiotensin 1-7 (ANG 1-7), constitutes an endogenous system counterbalancing the hypertensiogenic axis, ACE/angiotensin II (ANG II)/AT1 receptor. This study aimed to evaluate the role of the intrarenal vasodilator RAS axis in the pathophysiology of ANG II-dependent malignant hypertension in Cyp1a1-Ren-2 transgenic rats. ANG II-dependent malignant hypertension was induced by 13 days' dietary administration of indole-3-carbinol (I3C), a natural xenobiotic that activates the mouse renin gene in Cyp1a1-Ren-2 transgenic rats. It was hypothesized that pharmacologically-induced inhibition of the ACE2/ANG 1-7 complex should aggravate, and activation of this axis should attenuate, the course of ANG II-dependent malignant hypertension. Blood pressure (BP) was monitored by radiotelemetry. ACE2 inhibitor (DX 600, 0.2 μg/day) and ACE2 activator (DIZE, 1 mg/day) were administrated via osmotic minipumps. Even though ACE2 inhibitor significantly decreased and ACE2 activator increased intrarenal ANG 1-7 concentrations, the course of BP, as well as of albuminuria, cardiac hypertrophy and renal glomerular damage, were not altered. It was shown that intrarenal alterations in the ACE2/ANG 1-7 complex did not significantly modify the course of malignant hypertension in I3C-induced Cyp1a1-Ren-2 transgenic rats. Thus, in our experimental setting alterations of this intrarenal vasodilator complex of the RAS do not significantly modify the form of malignant hypertension that clearly depends on the inappropriately increased activity of the ACE/ANG II/AT1 receptor axis.

  13. Caracterización de la violencia intrafamiliar hacia la mujer. Consultorio No 1. Policlínico "René Ávila Reyes. Holguín. 2008

    OpenAIRE

    Eisy Mercedes Infantes Pérez; Tatiana Zoila Ochoa Roca; Kenia Hechevarría Barzaga

    2009-01-01

    Aborda un estudio descriptivo y transversal sobre el comportamiento de la violencia intrafamiliar hacia la mujer, en el consultorio 1 del Policlínico "René Ávila Reyes", en Holguín en el año 2008. La muestra quedó conformada por 101 mujeres, que luego de aplicarle una entrevista refirieron haber sido sometida a algún acto de violencia por parte de su pareja. Existió un mayor comportamiento de la violencia intrafamiliar en mujeres en edades comprendidas de 25 a 44 años, con escolaridad de preu...

  14. Clinical observation about "connecting and regulating Ren Du" acupuncture interposed nursing care for primary insomnia%调任通督针刺联合护理干预对失眠症的临床效果观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丘凤贤; 皮敏; 缑燕华

    2012-01-01

      目的探讨调任通督治疗并实施护理干预对失眠患者睡眠的影响。方法将57例失眠患者随机分为对照组28例和干预组29例,对照组给予调任通督针刺治疗,干预组在调任通督治疗基础上实施护理干预,观察2组患者心理健康状况、睡眠质量、临床疗效及治疗依从性,并进行比较。结果干预组患者治愈率明显高于对照组,心理健康状况、睡眠质量指标及对治疗的依从性亦明显优于对照组。结论调任通督针刺并实施护理干预是治疗失眠症的有效方法。%  Objective To discuss the influence of "connecting and regulating Ren Du" acupuncture interposed nursing care for primary insomnia sufferers. Methods 57 primary insomnia cases that met including criteria were randomized divided into 2 groups: 28 cases in "connecting and regulating Ren Du" acupuncture group (control group)and 29 cases in treatment group. In treatment group, "con-necting and regulating Ren Du" acupuncture interposed nursing care method was used. The psychology health condition, sleep quality, curative effect, and compliance of these two groups were observed and compared. Results The cure rate, psychology health condition, sleep quality, and compliance of treatment group were obviously better than control group. Conclusion "connecting and regulating Ren Du" acupuncture interposed with nursing carecan be a effective method for primary insomnia treatment.

  15. The clinical study of QiRen anti-wrinkle cream geting rid of wrinkles%芪人抗皱霜祛皱作用的临床研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐志铭; 翟晓翔; 张翠侠; 陈向辉; 李敬果; 陈苏; 曹广法

    2011-01-01

    Objective To investigate the clinical efficacy of QiRen anti-wrinkle cream getting rid of wrinkles. Methods the 90 subjects met the inclusion criteria were randomly divided into experimental and control groups. On the skin test sites, the two group Separately coated with QiRen anti-wrinkle cream and ordinary wrinkle cream twice a day morning and evening, for the period of 40 days.Before and after testing, the subjects were pictured for evaluating the skin wrinkle grade and points.and copy skin wrinkles model with the silicone rubber for analysis and processing by the image analysis software. Results Clinical observations show that the QiRen anti-wrinkle cream can reduce the wrinkles credits, the wrinkle depth and the skin roughness, and better than the control group (P<0.01). Conclusion QiRen anti-wrinkle cream who has a good wrinkle cosmetic effect is a safe and effective beauty product and did not find any adverse reaction.%目的:探讨芪人抗皱霜祛除皮肤皱纹的临床疗效.方法:将90例符合纳入标准的受试对象随机分为试验组和对照组.试验组使用芪人抗皱霜,对照组使用普通祛皱霜,分别于皮肤皱纹测试部位外涂,每日早晚各涂一次,使用周期为40天.试验前后均拍照进行皮肤皱纹等级及积分评价,同时用硅橡胶复制皮肤皱纹模型,应用图象分析软件对其进行分析处理.结果:临床观察结果表明,芪人抗皱霜能够降低受试对象的皱纹积分,降低皮肤皱纹深度及皮肤皱纹粗糙度,并优于对照组(P<0.01).结论:芪人抗皱霜有较好的祛皱美容作用,未发现任何不良反应,不失为一种安全有效的美容产品.

  16. El pluralismo constitucional como respuesta a los desafíos de la protección multinivel en Latinoamérica. Comentarios a la propuesta de René Urueña

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paola Andrea Acosta Alvarado

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Este documento presenta algunos comentarios en torno a la propuesta elevada por René Urueña en su reciente artículo titulado “Luchas locales, cortes internacionales: una exploración de la protección multinivel de los derechos humanos en América Latina”. Luego de apoyar la propuesta del citado autor, el documento aclara la forma que adopta el modelo multinivel de protección en el escenario latinoamericano, y defiende la idea de que dicho andamiaje debe leerse desde la perspectiva del constitucionalismo multinivel y, por lo tanto, del pluralismo constitucional.

  17. Caracterización de la violencia intrafamiliar hacia la mujer. Consultorio No 1. Policlínico "René Ávila Reyes. Holguín. 2008

    OpenAIRE

    Eisy Mercedes Infantes Pérez; Tatiana Zoila Ochoa Roca; Kenia Hechevarría Barzaga

    2009-01-01

    Aborda un estudio descriptivo y transversal sobre el comportamiento de la violencia intrafamiliar hacia la mujer, en el consultorio 1 del Policlínico "René Ávila Reyes", en Holguín en el año 2008. La muestra quedó conformada por 101 mujeres, que luego de aplicarle una entrevista refirieron haber sido sometida a algún acto de violencia por parte de su pareja. Existió un mayor comportamiento de la violencia intrafamiliar en mujeres en edades comprendidas de 25 a 44 años, con escolaridad de preu...

  18. A Brief Analization of the Contextual Beauty of the Black Humor in FENG Xiao-gang's New-year-congradualting Films%冯小刚贺岁电影中黑色幽默的语境美

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈静怡

    2011-01-01

    The language of the characters in FENG Xiao-gang's New-year-congradulating Films are rich in the expressive force.The outstanding features of his film language lie in the jocosity and jokiness of his characters'dialogues with the thinking of the life philosophy,and thus his unique language style-black humor forms.The exertion of the humor in FENG's films fully depends on the well-composed context by the author.In Feng's films,the importance of context is reflecteted in the different relationgships of the context with other important factors including wording,type of writing,sound,trope,the meaning within or beyond the language itself and so on.No other factors than the organic combination of black humor with its context can help us taste the beauty of context in the language with black humor,enjoy the black humor in the beauty of context,and accordingly further understand the author's intention and leitmotiv.%冯小刚贺岁作品中的人物语言极富表现力。其电影语言的特性表现在人物对白的诙谐性和调侃性上,幽默中带有生活哲理的思考,形成了黑色幽默的语言风格。综观其作品,语境的重要性主要体现于语境和用词、语体、语音、修辞、意内言外诸要素的关系中。正是由于黑色幽默和语境的有机结合,才让我们在黑色幽默的语言中感受语境美,在语言的语境美中品味黑色幽默,从而更好地理解作者的创作意图和主旨。

  19. Loss of Genetic Diversity of Domesticated Panax notoginseng F H Chen as Evidenced by ITS Sequence and AFLP Polymorphism: A Comparative Study with P. stipuleanatus H T Tsai et K M Feng

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Shi-Liang ZHOU; Gao-Ming XIONG; Zhong-Yi LI; Jun WEN

    2005-01-01

    In the present study, we evaluated the genetic diversity of Panax notoginseng F H Chen, a domesticated species, and P. stipuleanatus H T Tsai et K M Feng, an endangered wild species in southeastern Yunnan and adjacent areas in Vietnam, using sequences of the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) regions of nuclear ribosomal DNA and amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) markers. Twenty-four accessions from three plantations of P. notoginseng and 51 samples from eight populations of P. stipuleanatus were assayed. A total of 694 bp of partial sequences of 18S, ITS 1, 5.8S, ITS2, and partial sequences of 26S were obtained. No sequence variation was detected within P. notoginseng and nine sites (1.30%) were variable in P. stipuleanatus. Two-thirds of the variable sites were found between Langqiao and other populations. In P. notoginseng, four pairs of AFLP primer combinations generated 312 bands, of which 240 (76.9%) were polymorphic and 60.15% of the polymorphisms were harbored within plantations. Approximately 41.0% and 66.9% of bands were polymorphic in population D7 and 5589, respectively. In P.stipuleanatus, the same four primer combinations produced 346 bands, of which 334 (96.5%) were polymorphic and approximately 62.14% of polymorphisms were maintained within populations. Considerable variations were observed. The percentage of polymorphic bands ranged from 50.2% to 84.9% and the average over populations was 70.9%. Cluster analysis did not show correlation of genetic differentiation with the distinctive leaf morphology of P. stipuleanatus (i.e. one form with bipinnatifid leaflets and the other with undivided leaflets). Because over 40% of genetic variations were maintained among populations and because of the very restricted distribution of P. stipuleanatus, all natural populations of this species should be conserved in situ. Considering that there are variations in P. notoginseng within and among plantations, we suggest establishing a genetic resource

  20. Determination of the Amino Acids Content in the BaFeng Amino Acids Oral Liquid with Accq.Tag Method%Accq. Tag法测定氨基酸口服液的氨基酸含量

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈永波; 汪大顺; 覃建华; 饶斌; 覃兰

    2001-01-01

    采用AccQ.Tag法对氨基酸口服液中游离氨基酸和牛磺酸含量 进行了分离测定。产品中氨基酸总量达85 mg/ml以上,共13种氨基酸。必需氨基酸与非必需 氨基酸比例为2.20~2.50∶1,支/芳比为2.30~2.55∶1.配方接近于FAO氨基酸比例模式,以 FAO氨基酸模式及化学评分评价了该制剂的营养价值,基本上不存在限制氨基酸,化学评分 均在90分以上。%The separation of the Taurine and Determintion of the f ree amino acids content in BaFeng Amino Acids Oral Liquid with AccQ.Tag mothod was described. The total amino acids contents are more than 8500 mg/100 ml. Ther e were thirteen sorts of free amino acids in this product indicating that the pr oduct was made of crystal free amino acids. The ratio of essential amino acids a nd other amino acids was between 2.20:1and 2.50∶1, the ratio of brench-chain amino acids and sweet-scented amino acids was 2.30--2.55∶1. The patterns of am ino acids component is near to the pattern recommended by FAO. According to the ratios and the patterns of amino acids recommended by FAO, the nutritive values of the product were evaluated. From the results, it was found that there was no limiting amino acids and the chemical scor of amino acids was more than ninety-f ive.

  1. Hovering between Human and Beast:Zhong Dao Dun’s Novel and the Survival Circumstances of Japanese during World War II%人与兽间徘徊:中岛敦的小说与二战期间日本人的生存境遇

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    白玉兰

    2014-01-01

    中岛敦的小说看似与现实不相粘连,却始终没有脱离二战期间日本人的生存境遇。他早期的作品对日本人极度膨胀的争夺欲望充满了忧虑,在借鉴欧美现代派文学的基础上深刻地批判了争夺欲的膨胀对人性的异化和戕害,并在一种近乎绝望的状态中探索日本民族的精神出路。终于在其绝笔之作《名人传》中,中岛敦提出了“不射之射”的事功观,认为此种哲学(人生境界)必然会给日本带来淳朴和谐的社会环境。中岛敦的小说不仅是对于个体生命价值形而上的探索,也是对二战期间日本民族精神病症深刻的审视,并通过改编中国道家故事对日本军国主义进行了含蓄的批评,告诫他们真正的强大不是通过竞争、征战和杀戮来获得的,而是和平、无为中抵达的。%It seems that Zhong Dao Dun’s novel has no connection with the reality. However, it never gets away from survival circumstances of Japanese during World War II from beginning to the end. His early works reveals that he quite worries extreme expansion of the Japanese’s scramble desire. He deeply criticizes alienation and massacre caused by the expansion of scramble desire based on borrowing from the Europe and the United States modernist literature, and explores a spiritual way-out of the Japanese nation in the condition of nearly despair. Finally, Zhong Dao Dun puts forward the view of the honorable rewards of industrious endeavors for the nation, the shooting of not shooting and views that the philosophy (realm of life) will definitely bring Japanese with an unsophisticated and harmonious environment in his last masterpiece, Celebrity Biography. Zhong Dao Dun’s novel is not only a metaphysical exploration for the individual life value, but also a examine of Japan national spirit during World War II.It passes pair of China Taoist story tells the Japanese people that the real strong is not arrived

  2. 杜仲腰痛丸对腰椎间盘突出症患者血清TNF-α、IL-1β的影响%The Effect of DuZhongYaoTong Wan on the Levels of TNF-αand IL-1βin Patients with Lumbar Disc Herniation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱换平; 赵继荣; 邓强

    2015-01-01

    目的:观察杜仲腰痛丸对腰椎间盘突出症(LDH)患者血清肿瘤坏死因子-α(TNF-α)、白介素-1β(IL-1β)的影响。方法:选择LDH患者共145例,治疗组76例,对照组69例,另选参加健康体检的成年人70例作为正常组。服药3周后,评定疗效,应用视觉模拟评分法进行疼痛评分,用放免法测定患者血清TNF-α、IL-1β含量。结果:TNF-α、IL-1β血清含量治疗后2组较治疗前明显下降(P<0.05),治疗组下降更明显(P<0.05)。2用药组均取得较好疗效,治疗后疼痛评分均有明显改善(P<0.05),治疗后2组间总有效率及疼痛评分比较,差异均有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论:应用杜仲腰痛丸治疗LDH可取得较好疗效,其作用机理可能在于有效干预LDH患者炎症介质TNF-α、IL-1β表达。%To observe the effect ofDuZhongYaoTongWanon serum levels of tumor necrosis fac-tor-α(TNF-α) and interleukin-1β(IL-1β) in patients with lumbar disc herniation (LDH). Methods: Totally 145 pa-tients with LDH were randomly divided into the treatment group with 76 cases, and the control group with 69 cases. Another 70 adults who participated in physical examination were selected as the normal group. The efficacy was e-valuated after takingDuZhongYaoTongWanfor three weeks. Visual analogue scales (VAS) were used to assess the score of pain and radioimmunoassay was applied to measure the contents of serum TNF-αand IL-1β. Results: The serum levels of TNF-αand IL-1βsignificantly increased in the patient group compared with the normal group (P<0.01). The serum levels of TNF-αand IL-1βsignificantly decreased in the treatment group compared with that before the treatment (P<0.05). The serum levels of TNF-αand IL-1βdecreased in the control group compared with that before treating (P<0.05). Two patient groups both obtained good efficacy, indicating significant improvements of pain scores after the treatment (P<0.05), and differences in

  3. Normalkoordinatenanalyse von primären, sekundären und tertiären organoplumbylaminen

    Science.gov (United States)

    Götze, H.-J.; Garbe, W.

    Normal coordinate analysis of the following primary, secondary and tertiary organo-lead amines has been carried out: ( t-C 4H 9) 3PbNH 2, [( i-C 3H 7) 3Pb] 2NH and [(CH 3) 3Pb] 3N. The isotopic data ( 15N, ND) were used in order to obtain the best agreement between the observed and calculated vibrational frequencies. The force constant calculation yields in all cases a PbN force constant of 1.95 × 10 2N/m, which is in a good agreement with an ionic character of the PbN bond. The very small difference of frequency Δν e,s(Pb 3N) = 45 cm -1 is reproduced in a plausible manner by the potential energy distribution. This fact is an indication of the smallest MeNMe angle of the tertiary amines in the fourth main group.

  4. Ways of the World and the Life——On the Flavor of Folk Custom Culture of Feng Zikai's prose creation%世态人生皆风情——论丰子恺散文创作的民俗文化元素

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘丽琼

    2011-01-01

    Feng Zikai's prose creation involves the social life,containing the rich flavor of folk custom culture,especially the prose recalling hometown people and affairs and the diaries describing what he saw and heard in Guilin in the Sino-Japanese War.Feng Zika%丰子恺的散文创作涉及社会人生的方方面面,蕴含着丰富的民俗文化元素,特别是在对故乡人事的回忆和描摹的散文以及在抗战时期逃难桂林的见闻日记里,丰子恺以清新趣味的笔调为我们描绘了一幅幅民情风俗画卷。丰子恺散文创作的民俗文化元素具体体现在,通过对饮食、方言俗语、人物称谓、岁时节日、信仰与禁忌等民俗文化元素的运用,构成他的散文的一些主要情节,揭示人物性格,营造环境氛围,体现作品浓厚的地方特色和传统文化底蕴。

  5. 钟嵘《诗品》:中国诗学观念“自觉”的里程碑——以《毛诗序》与《诗品序》比较为中心的探讨%Zhong Rong's Grades of Poetry: Milestone of Self-consciousness for Concept of Chinese Poetry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈昊

    2011-01-01

    本文通过比较《毛诗序》与钟嵘《诗品序》在诗歌感物论、六义论、诗体论、诗教论等方面的相关论述,探讨了《诗品序》之于《毛诗序》论断的借用与回避、发挥与偏离,从中发现两者在基本诗学观念方面的巨大差异,从而阐发诗学观念"自觉"的基本内涵,进而分析从先秦两汉到魏晋南北朝诗学"自觉"的多重历史动因,以期可以管窥魏晋南北朝诗学之巨大进步。%Lu Xun put forward the concept of literary self-consciousness in his article Wei-Jin Demeanor and Relationships among Articles,Drugs and Alcohol.Based on these,the author stated the concept of self-consciousness and illustrated the reasons appeared in the Wei and Jin Dynasties.Chapter II focuses on studying the related discourses of Mao's Poetic Preface and Zhong Rong's Grades of Poetry in the sense of objects of poetry,theory of six meanings,poetic theory,poetry education and so on,and explores borrowing and avoiding,bring into play and deviation in the preface of Grades of Poetry,from the basic concept of poetry found the great difference between the two,and thus elucidates the basic connotation of poetic concept "self-consciousness",and then analyzes multiple historical causes about poetics self-conscious from the Qin and Han Dynasties to Wei Jin Southern and Northern Dynasties,in order to understand poetics great progress in the Wei Jin Southern and Northern Dynasties.Through a series of comparison,Chapter III obtains the conclusion that Zhong Rong's Grades of Poetry is the milestone of Chinese poetry self-consciousness.

  6. New Interpretation of “Xian”on Tang Zi Zhong Bin Er Plate and Yi and Supplementary Explanation of Its Inscription%唐子仲濒儿盘、匜“咸”字新解及铭文补释

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    闫华; 徐今

    2014-01-01

    In 2001 ,three bronzes with inscriptions were unearthed in Xiaojiahe ,Hubei province .They belong to“Tang Zi Zhong Bin Er” .“ ” on the bronzes has caused debate in academia ,and involved the important calen-dar problems of bronzes ,such as “moon phase four” and“moon phase fixed point” .The interpretation of the word“Yu” in the inscription in the existing results also can be discussed .This paper will discuss two prob-lems .First ,it is demonstrated that “ ”in Tang Zi Zhong Bin Er plate and yi is “Xian”,from the shape ,litera-ture ,archaeology and other aspects .“Xian”can be interpreted as“Xian chi” .“Xian chi”is Jupiter cycle ,in Wu-Wu ,and the WuWu may be 602 BC .Then“Yu”in“Yu plate” ,“Yu hui yi”and“Yu pi”should be explaned as“using” .%2001年湖北肖家河出土3件有铭铜器,器主是“唐子仲濒儿”,引起了学界对“”字的讨论,此字关涉到金文历日这个重要问题,比如“月相四分说”和“月相定点说”。现有成果对铭文中“御”字的解释亦有可商榷之处。文章研究表明:第一,从字形、文献、考古等多个角度论证,认为唐子仲濒儿盘、匜铭文中的“”是“咸”字,释为“咸池”。“咸池”是岁星纪年,岁在戊午,即为咸池,并考证做器年代可能为公元前602年。第二,铭文“御盘”、“御沬匜”、“御鈚”中的“御”字当释为“用”。

  7. "酒"与"山水之间"和"醉翁之意"——胡风与周扬恩怨是非新论%"Wine", "the Scenery of Mountains and Rivers" and the Intention of "the Drunkard":New Discussion of Gratitude or Resentment between Zhou Yang and Hu Feng for Several Dozens Years

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李乐平

    2011-01-01

    Many scholars always think that injustice case of Fufeng has a quite big negative function in the feeling of gratitude or resentment between Zhou Yang and Fu Feng. It cannot be denied that Zhou Yang played an irreplaceable function in injustice case of Fufeng and even the rehabiliation process of the case. However, dozens of years' contradiction between Hu Feng and Zhou Yang, and even "the indictment" which Hu Feng accused to Zhou Yang, all belongs to the category of Thought on Literary and Arts. We shall acknowledge the measures and the attitude which Zhou Yang dealt with the issues of Fu Feng, that's not "A wine lover's mind which is not dipped in the bobbled, but dwells in nature", but is the meaning of "the drunkard" who draws support from "the scenery of mountains and rivers" to complete the intention of drinking "wine". Hu Feng's disaster is a tragedy of that time, and its significance exceeds his own destiny completely. Therefore, the theory of literature and arts cannot be tied up together with politics again. It's also the consideration left to posterity. In this way can avoid injustice of disaster because of a personal grudge. If we can't go outside and continue to stand in the "Left" situation to animadvert the loop of strange mighty "Left", we would not be able to be practical and realistic on the fundamental problems in literary, and not to mention to recover the pursuit of human liberation of the spirit of "Wusi", and to recover hominine literature, in particular, the historical tradition of democracy and science.%很多学者总认为周扬和胡风几十年的恩怨在胡风冤案中起了很大负面作用,但胡风和周扬几十年的矛盾乃至他所指控周扬的"罪状"都属于当时主流文艺思想的范畴.周扬在处理胡风问题上所采取的措施和态度,不是"醉翁之意不在酒,在于山水之间",而是"醉翁"借助"山水之间"行"酒"之意.胡风的舛难是一个时代的悲剧,其意义完全超越他个人命运,

  8. THE FACTORS THAT LEAD NAMIK KEMAL TO VICTOR HUGO ABSTRACT NAMIK KEMAL’İ VICTOR HUGO’YA GÖTÜREN ETKENLER

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    Abdulhalim AYDIN

    2011-09-01

    üyük ölçüde bir üstat ve model olarak gördüğü Fransız şairi V. Hugo'yu izleyerek yapmıştır. Hugo onun için sanat ve edebiyat için yeni bir edebiyatın kapısı olmuşken sözünü ettiğimiz toplum ve toplum düzeniyle ilgili düşünceleri açısından da toplumsal değişimin kaynağı olmuştur. Bu açıdan, Hugo'nun eserlerinde ve özellikle piyeslerinde savunduğu görüşleri Kemal tarafından büyük bir ilgi ve dikkatle izlenmiştir. Bu çalışmada, bu bağlamda Kemal'i Hugo'ya götüren etkenler üzerinde durulmaya çalışılacaktır.

  9. Feng shui pa-kua / Ann Tenno

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tenno, Ann, 1952-

    2003-01-01

    Pa-kua sümbol, kolmikmärkide Varane Taevane Järjestus - yin pa-kua ja Hilisem Taevane Järjestus - yang pa-kua. Inimeste kodude - majade ja aedade kujundamiseks kasutatakse Hilisema Taevase Järjestuse pa-kua'd. Pa-kua kolmikmärgid yang pa-kua järjestuses, soovitusi aia kujundamiseks. 8 ill

  10. Armastuse feng shui / Peeter Rüberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rüberg, Peeter

    2000-01-01

    Järg Jan/13;20;27/Feb/3;10;17;23/Mar/2;9;16 ;30/Apr/13/May/4;11 lk. 22;38;56;70;87;102;118;134;150;166;198;230;278 ;296Vanal hiina kodu- ja elukunstil on igaks armuelu juhtumiks varuks praktilisi nõuandeid ja võtteid

  11. Feng shui pa-kua / Ann Tenno

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tenno, Ann, 1952-

    2003-01-01

    Pa-kua sümbol, kolmikmärkide Varane Taevane Järjestus - yin pa-kua ja Hilisem Taevane Järjestus - yang pa-kua. Inimeste kodude - majade ja aedade kujundamiseks kasutatakse Hilisema Taevase Järjestuse pa-kua'd. Pa-kua kolmikmärgid yang pa-kua järjestuses, soovitusi aia kujundamiseks. 8 ill

  12. Armastuse feng shui / Peeter Rüberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rüberg, Peeter

    2000-01-01

    Järg Jan/13;20;27/Feb/3;10;17;23/Mar/2;9;16 ;30/Apr/13/May/4;11 lk. 22;38;56;70;87;102;118;134;150;166;198;230;278 ;296Vanal hiina kodu- ja elukunstil on igaks armuelu juhtumiks varuks praktilisi nõuandeid ja võtteid

  13. Symptoms, syndrome types and therapeutic principles in medical records of diabetes differentiated and treated by Professor LV Ren-he%吕仁和辨治糖尿病医案症状、证候和治则解析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖永华; 王世东; 李靖; 高菁; 赵进喜; 吕仁和

    2011-01-01

    目的 通过对吕仁和治疗糖尿病医案中医辨证要素的统计分析,总结吕仁和教授分期辨治糖尿病的学术思想.方法 128例经吕仁和教授诊治的糖尿病医案,经过“解析和标引”预处理,借助“中医医案数据库”的统计分析功能,将医案分成脾瘅期、消渴期、消瘅期三期,分别统计分析其症状体征、证候和治则.结果 脾瘅期症状以倦怠乏力、口干最突出,气阴两虚证可能在脾瘅期较为常见.消渴期黄苔出现几率最高,瘀血阻络证居证候统计的第2位,提示热证与血瘀证均是消渴期常见的重要标实证候,肝肾阴虚和气阴亏虚是消渴期常见的本虚证型,吕仁和教授既往总结的脾肾阳虚证相对少见.消瘅期症状以倦怠乏力、腰酸痛、目昏较常见,提示肝肾两虚在此期尤为明显,湿热、痰饮、瘀血在消瘅期普遍存在,彼此胶结,共同酿成“浊毒”;证候统计显示瘀血阻络证居首位,与前两期的证候统计结果相比,表明随着病程进展,瘀血阻络证出现频次明显增加,符合吕仁和教授的“微型癥瘕”病理假说;治则的统计结果与吕仁和教授认识的此期“气血阴阳俱虚、浊毒内停”的证候特点相吻合.结论 糖尿病三期医案的症状、证候和治则分析内在吻合度良好,且与吕仁和教授糖尿病分期理论相符合.%Objective To sum up the academic thought of Professor LV Ren-he's in differentiation and treatment of diabetes at stages through the statistical analysis on the factors of TCM syndrome differentiation of diabetes in cases treated by Professor LV Ren-he. Methods The diabetic cases treated by Professor LV Ren-he ( n - 128) were classified into Pidan stage, Xiaoke stage and Xiaodan stage based on the statistical function of TCM Medical Record Database after the pretreatment with resolution and indexing. The symptoms, signs, syndromes and therapeutic principles were analysed respectively

  14. The Develop and Protection of the Traditional Mountain Residence of Chong Qing --Take Long Tang village, Zhong Shan Town as an Example%重庆传统山地民居的开发与保护--以中山镇龙塘村为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    付丽琛; 孙国军

    2015-01-01

    重庆中山镇龙塘村传统山地民居具有典型的巴蜀文化因素,同时又受到当地自然地理环境的影响。其民居建筑与环境、文化、艺术、生态等要素相辅相成,具有很高的艺术价值和历史价值。在新时代改善民居环境的要求下,龙塘村传统民居又面临着开发与保护的问题,只有通过科学的规划设计才能完成对当地传统民居的开发和利用。%The mountain residence in Long Tang village, Zhong Shan town, Chong Qing contains typical Ba Shu culture whose residential buildings are of high artistic and historical values for its combination with environmental and ecological and geographical factors. And it is faced with the problems of development and protection in new times. The residence can only be properly developed and utilized if they are scientifically planned and designed.

  15. An Intersex of the Grasshopper Caryanda yini Mao et Ren, 2006 (Orthoptera: Caryandinae)%印氏卵翅蝗的一例间性体(直翅目:卵翅蝗亚科)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴爱国; 毛本勇; 张雅芝; 杨国辉; 施学良

    2012-01-01

    首次报道印氏卵翅蝗Caryanda yini Mao et Ren,2006的一例偏雄性间性体.该个体总体特征为雄性,特别是雄性外生殖器发育完全,雄性下生殖板锥形,但出现了一些典型的雌性特征:前翅棕色、腹部两侧棕色、第十腹节背板后缘无尾片、肛上板三角形、尾须顶端直;腹内有一条线形动物寄生,未见性腺.推测该间性体的形成可能与线形动物的寄生有关.

  16. 蚕用仁香散对家蚕真菌病的防效试验%The Study on the Control Efficacy of the Medicine (Ren Xiang San ) on Silkworm Mycosis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苘娜娜; 严海建; 邵国昌; 倪春霄; 鲁华云; 梁大刚

    2011-01-01

    研究环保型蚕药——蚕用仁香散对家蚕真菌病的防治效果和对家蚕的生长发育、全茧量、茧层量的影响。试验结果表明蚕用仁香散对于家蚕真菌病具有良好的防治效果.是一种对家蚕安全的药剂。%Effect of the environment medicine (Ren Xiang San for silkworm )on the control efficacy of mycosis as well as the growth, whole cocoon weight and cocoon quality of silkworm was studied. The result showed the medicine for silkworm had good effect on the control efficacy of mycosis, and to be one security stuff for silkworm.

  17. Jean-Marc Berlière et René Lévy, Histoire des polices en France. De l’Ancien régime à nos jours

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laurent López

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Ceux qui auront découvert l’histoire de la police et des policiers avec l’ouvrage de l’historien dijonnais Jean-Marc Berlière, publié en 1996, verront dans ce livre une suite trop longtemps attendue et un approfondissement désormais indispensable, enrichi des apports de la sociologie, représentée par René Lévy. La collaboration des deux scientifiques illustre la fécondité, pour ne pas écrire la nécessité, du croisement de l’archive et du témoignage comme ces complices anciens de la chose poli...

  18. Nachbarschaftsstreit am Mekong: König Anuvong und die Geschichte der prekären Lao-Thai-Beziehungen [Neighbourhood Disputes by the Mekong: King Anuvong and the History of the Precarious Lao-Thai Relationship

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oliver Tappe

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Die wechselvolle gemeinsame Geschichte von Laos und Thailand kann an einer zentralen historischen Episode festgemacht werden: das Aufbegehren des Königs von Vientiane, Chao Anuvong, gegen die siamesische Oberherrschaft im 19. Jahrhundert. Der vorliegende Artikel stellt die Geschichte dieses gescheiterten Unternehmens ins Zentrum einer historischen Betrachtung des prekären Lao-Thai-Verhältnisses und beleuchtet ihre Nachwirkung in gegenwärtigen Erinnerungsdiskursen. --- The history of the relationship between Laos and Thailand is full of vicissitudes and conflicts. One of the most well-known episodes is the struggle of Chao Anuvong, King of Vientiane, against the Siamese suzerainty in the nineteenth century. The present article examines this crucial period of Lao-Thai history and puts it into the broader context of the historical relation between these two peoples. Moreover, the role of Chao Anuvong in current discourses of memory and history will be discussed.

  19. Konsensuspapier der D.A.CH.-Liga Homocystein über den rationellen klinischen Umgang mit Homocystein, Folsäure und B-Vitaminen bei kardiovaskulären und thrombotischen Erkrankungen - Richtlinien und Empfehlungen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stanger O

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Etwa die Hälfte aller Todesfälle sind auf Herz-Kreislauf-Erkrankungen bzw. deren Komplikationen zurückzuführen. Volkswirtschaft und Gesundheitswesen werden zusätzlich durch gewaltige Kosten für Arbeitsausfälle, Folgeerkrankungen und -behandlungen belastet, besonders unter dem Aspekt einer raschen Zunahme älterer Bevölkerungsschichten. Nachdem die konventionellen Risikofaktoren einen Teil der Fälle nicht erklären können, wird dem "neuen" Risikofaktor Homocystein großes Interesse entgegengebracht. Homocystein ist ein schwefelhaltiges Intermediärprodukt im Stoffwechsel der essentiellen Aminosäure Methionin. Defizite der Vitamine Folsäure, Vitamin B12 und B6 sowie eingeschränkte Enzymaktivitäten führen durch Abbauhemmung zur intrazellulären Konzentrationserhöhung von Homocystein. Zahlreiche retrospektive und prospektive Studien finden übereinstimmend eine unabhängige Beziehung zwischen bereits leicht erhöhtem Homocystein und kardiovaskulären Erkrankungen sowie der Gesamtmortalität. Eine Risikoerhöhung ist ab einem Homocysteinwert von etwa 10 mmol/l in einer linearen Dosis-Wirkungs-Beziehung ohne Schwellenwert darstellbar. Die Hyperhomocysteinämie als unabhängiger Risikofaktor für Herz-Kreislauf-Erkrankungen wird für etwa 10 % des Gesamtrisikos verantwortlich gemacht. Erhöhte Konzentrationen (moderate Hyperhomocysteinämie, über 12 µmol/l gelten als zelltoxisch und werden bei 5-10 % der Allgemeinbevölkerung und bei bis zu 40 % der Patienten mit Gefäßerkrankungen gemessen. Zusätzliche Risikofaktoren (Rauchen, arterieller Hypertonus, Diabetes und Hyperlipidämie können das Gesamtrisiko additiv oder durch Interaktion mit Homocystein synergistisch und überproportional erhöhen. Bei Hyperhomocysteinämie kommt es neben Veränderungen der Gefäßmorphologie zu einem Verlust der antithrombotischen Endothelfunktion und zur Induktion eines prokoagulatorischen Milieus. Den meisten der bekannten Schädigungen liegen

  20. Gutiérrez Zúñiga, Cristina, Renée de la Torre y Cintia Castro. 2011. Una ciudad donde habitan muchos dioses. Cartografía religiosa de Guadalajara.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arias Patricia

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Acaba de aparecer, el libro más reciente de dos de las investigadoras más reconocidas acerca del estudio de las formas complejas y cambiantes que asume la diversidad religiosa en México, Cristina Gutiérrez Zúñiga, Renée de la Torre y Cintia Castro (con la colaboración de Heriberto Cruz, Elías González y Edith Jiménez: Una ciudad donde habitan muchos dioses. Cartografía religiosa de Guadalajara es un nombre que atrapa y atraerá hasta al más escéptico.

  1. Albert Camus, René Char: fonction du paysage méditerranéen dans l'identité de l'artiste et de l'écrivain au XXeme siècle

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nathalie Pacchiani

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Il arrive parfois qu’une œuvre soit un microcosme de la problématique existentielle d’un écrivain. Il en est ainsi de L’exil et le royaume ou Noces d’Albert Camus et Feuillets d’Hypnos de René Char. Ces œuvres, en effet, illustrent mieux que tout autre le rapport particulier qu’entretenaient les deux auteurs avec les éléments naturels et qui fut le fondement même de leur amitié. Si Albert Camus et René Char demeuraient liés par une vision commune et fondamentale de la place de l’homme dans le monde, cette quête va se matérialiser par une écriture particulière dont l’énergie ascendante puise ses forces tant dans la lumière du soleil que dans la sève d’une nature mystique. L’éclat des fragments poétiques de Char, l’iconicité du langage camusien donne naissance à une écriture “solaire” méditerranéenne, une écriture de l’unicité et de la rupture qui va permettre à l’homme de se reconstruire et de renouer par la création artistique, un lien avec une origine fondatrice. Étroitement liée à une pensée grecque, notamment celle d’Héraclite prônant une “ parole matinale ” c'est-à-dire une parole originelle seule capable d’“ approcher la présence de l’indémontrable ”, la création devient alors le lieu de tous les possibles.

  2. 提升连云港市城市品牌影响力的路径选择--以雷锋车精神新的时代内涵为切入点%Lianyungang City Brand Influence Route Choice:To Lei Feng car Spirit Connotation as the Breakthrough Point of the New Era

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘丽; 王亚光

    2013-01-01

    All over the country cities in building its own brand,in order to enhance in the national and global influence.Lianyungang city invested a lot of energy,actively promote its superior geographical loca-tion,unique scenery,the rich product resources,the formation of a certain influence,but the propaganda lack of humanistic spirit.Especially for the spirit of lianyungang city unique LeiFengChe refining,packa-ging,promotion is not enough,not the Lei Feng car spirit as an important part of city brand construction system is considered.Is the basic characteristic and important role of city brand and incorporate LeiF-engChe spirit especially the connotation of the new period,the necessity and importance of urban brand construction,and how to LeiFengChe spirit for further refining,packaging,promotion and further carry forward measures were studied.%全国各地城市都在打造各自的城市品牌,以提升在全国乃至全球的影响力。连云港市投入了大量的精力,积极宣传其优越的地理位置、独特的山海风光、丰富的物产资源,形成了一定的影响力,但对人文精神的宣传力度欠缺。特别是对于连云港市独有的雷锋车精神提炼、包装、推广不够,没有把雷锋车精神作为城市品牌建设的重要组成部分加以系统考虑。就城市品牌的基本特征及重要作用,将雷锋车精神特别是其新时期的内涵纳入城市品牌建设的必要性和重要性,以及如何将雷锋车精神进行进一步提炼、包装、宣传和进一步弘扬的措施进行了研究。

  3. Taking Innovation as Motive Force to Develop New-high Tech Industries of Bio-medicine ——Intrepreneur process of Da An Gene Diagnose Center, Zhong Shan Medical University%以创新为动力发展生物医药高新技术产业 ——中山医科大学达安基因诊断中心的创业过程

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龙建平; 何蕴韶

    2001-01-01

    It summaries the radical and healthful development process of Da An Gene Diagnose Center,Zhong Shan Medical University in establish market-economic system for school-run enterprises based on measures of depending on the support of government and university,relying on the policy advantages,taking market as its orientation and innovation as its motive force,and persisting in the development and distribution of products of gene diagnose technology.%回顾总结中山医科大学达安基因诊断中心依赖政府和学校的支持,依靠政策优势,以市场为导向,创新为动力,坚持基因诊断技术产品的开发和推广,使校办企业按照市场经济体制快速、健康发展的历程。

  4. Internal Causes and Reflections on Wretchedness of Female Existence--Comment on Feng Shui by Fang Fang%世俗环境中的痛楚阴影与美丽光芒——影片万箭穿心的女性主义阐释

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李静

    2012-01-01

    Based on an ordinary female worker Li Baoli's marriage tragedy, Fang Fang describes her suffering, reveals the internal causes of wretchedness of modem female existence, and reflects how women maintain self-value and dignity in their marriages and family lives in her novel Feng Shui.%方方《万箭穿心》围绕普通女工李宝莉的婚姻悲剧,道尽了其处于生活中的种种痛苦。作者以冷峻的笔调揭露了现代女性生存之痛的内在原因,同时也反思女性在婚姻家庭生活中如何保持自我价值和尊严。

  5. The Value of Western Yunnan Anti-Japanese Novels--A Case Study of the Jian Sao Feng Yan written by the peasant writer, Duan Peidong%数年铸一卷剑扫风烟直--滇西抗战小说《剑扫风烟》艺术价值探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘蜀子

    2016-01-01

    《剑扫风烟》是农民作家段培东滇西抗战三部曲的第一部长篇纪实小说,全书三十余万字,以简明的结构,质朴的语言,栩栩如生的人物群象,生动的细节描写向我们勾勒了当年腾冲沦陷,人民浴血奋战的悲壮景象。%The Jian Sao Feng Yan written by the peasant writer, Duan Peidong, is the first one of his western Yunnan anti-Japanese documentary trilogy. The 300 thousand words novel lively depicts the history of the brave people fighting the Japanese invaders in Tengchong with simple structure, plain language and vivid figures.

  6. Connotation of the Enlightenment Discourse and Debate about“National Form” in Literature and Art from Perspective of HU Feng s Doubt%启蒙话语交锋与“民族形式”文艺论争的实际内涵--以胡风的质疑为视角

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    毕海

    2013-01-01

    The debate about “national form” in literature and art around 1940 s involved a series of theo-retical issues such as how to use old form, and the appraisement of“May 4th Movement”, etc. HU Feng, who had analyzed and questioned the debate, not only criticized the viewpoint of the Popular Reading Publishing House,i. e. ,“new character was born out of the‘old character’”, but also disagreed with other left-wing writ-ers. He was actually adhering to the May 4th Enlightened Literature Tradition initiated by LU Xun. The fact that HU Feng was criticized indicates that the“National Form” literature movement was intertwined with politi-cal ideology, which marked the beginning of the intellectuals. destiny of being transformed.%20世纪40年代前后文艺的“民族形式”论争,涉及了如何利用旧形式、评价“五四”新文学等一系列的理论问题。胡风对“民族形式”论争的分析,既批评了通俗读物编刊社“新质发生于旧质的胎内”的观点,也与其他左翼作家的意见不同,实际上是坚持鲁迅所开创的“五四”启蒙文学传统。胡风的质疑和被批判,显示了“民族形式”运动文学与政治意识形态纠缠的实际内涵,同时也标志着知识分子被改造命运的开始。

  7. Data mining analysis of medical record of large samples ‘blood stasis and heat' raised by professor ZHOU Zhong-ying%基于周仲瑛教授大样本“瘀热”病案数据挖掘分析研究报告

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶放; 李国春; 沈波; 金路; 周学平; 吴勉华

    2012-01-01

    Objective: Exploring the clinical experience of refractory disease from large sample of 'blood stasis and heat' medical record by Chinese medicine Master Professor ZHOU Zhong-ying. Methods: 1024 cases of "blood stasis and heat" medical record were selected from 5005 cases treated by Professor ZHOU Zhong-ying, blood stasis and heat medical record database was established. Four diagnostic information, pathogenesis elements, herbs were analyzed. Results: ①incidence of blood stasis and heat pathogenesis was 20.1%, 160 kinds of diseases of internal medicine, surgery, gynecology, paediatrics were involved. ② pathogenesis of blood stasis and heat is characterized by mouth dry, dry stool, fatigue, dark urine, hypochondriac pain, abdomen bloating, dizziness, joint discomfort, etc. (more than 11%). ③pathological factors is characterized by heat, blood stasis, blood stasis and heat (more than 50%), disease location, mainly by liver, kidney, all internal organs involved. ④recipe of cooling blood and resolving stasis is characterized by rhino horn Rehmanniae decoction, peach kernel decoction, didang decoction, Bai Wei decoction. Conclusion: Pathogenesis of 'blood stasis and heat' can be presented in many difficult cases, clinical information representation can be found, it may often associated with other complex pathogenesis, such as Yin-deficiency.%目的:通过大样本病案分析总结、整理国医大师周仲瑛教授从“瘀热”论治内科难治性疾病的临床经验.方法:从周仲瑛教授经治的6005例临床病案中选择“瘀热”病案1024例,建立“瘀热”病案数据库,从瘀热相关四诊信息、病机证素、方药3个方面进行总结分析.结果:①“瘀热”病机在临床病案中出现率为20.8%,涉及内外妇儿等科160种疾病;②瘀热病机信息表征依次是口干、便干、乏力、尿黄、胁痛、神疲、腹胀、头昏、关节不适等(均超过11%);③涉及病理因素以热、瘀、

  8. 影响公益众筹中项目筹款能力的一些相关因素--以众筹网为例%Some Related Factors Affecting the Ability to Raise Funds in the Crowdfunding of the Public Service---A Case Study of the ZhongChou Network

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苟爱萍; 田江

    2016-01-01

    随着众筹融资和“互联网+”的发展,公益众筹开始兴起,文中通过爬虫软件获取了截至2016年6月22日众筹网所有成功结束的筹款项目的数据,通过数据分析发现了不同性质的公益项目在众筹过程中具有不同的优势,并且通过SPSS进行了数据间简单的相关性分析,发现了影响公益众筹能力的一些相关性因素和非相关因素,研究了项目信息的透明度,回报捐助的方式以及关注度对一个公益筹款项目的影响。%With the development of the Crowdfunding and“Internet plus”,the Crowdfunding of the public service begin to develop.This paper achieved all the datas of the successful public service projects in the ZhongChou network until June 22,2016 using the crawler software.Through the data analysis found that the different nature of the public service projects in the process of raising the fund has a different advantage,and through the simple correlation analysis using SPSS,found some related factors and non-related factors that affect the ability to raise fund in Crowdfunding of the public service,the influence of the transparency of project information,the way of return and the degree of concern on a public service project.

  9. 基于“冲任学说”评析针灸治疗多囊卵巢综合征的取穴规律和疗效机制%Analysis of acupuncture point selection rules and efficacy mechanism of polycystic ovary syndrome based on the doctrine of Chong and Ren

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    闫巍; 杨新鸣; 侯丽辉; 吴效科

    2011-01-01

    Based on TCM theory and recognition of the theory of Chong and Ren, combined with clinical data, through a variety of clinical literature of acupuncture treatment of polycystic ovary syndrome, sorting, the paper comprehensive studies the international modern mechanisms of acupuncture treatment of the disease, and thoroughly assess the acupuncture point selection rules of the disease and efficacy of mechanisms from the Chinese Chong and Ren reproductive axis for the first time, than, innovatively summed up the acupuncture treatment of polycystic ovary syndrome. Relying on acupuncture and gynecological interdiscipline, innovative meridian theory on reproductive control of the doctrine of Chong and Ren, and the goal-oriented was to improve the reproductive effects of acupuncture.Based on TCM theory and recognition of the theory of Chong and Ren, combined with clinical data, through a variety of clinical literature of acupuncture treatment of polycystic ovary syndrome, sorting, the paper comprehensive studies the international modern mechanisms of acupuncture treatment of the disease, and thoroughly assess the acupuncture point selection rules of the disease and efficacy of mechanisms from the Chinese Chong and Ren reproductive axis for the first time, than, innovatively summed up the acupuncture treatment of polycystic ovary syndrome. Relying on acupuncture and gynecological interdiscipline, innovative meridian theory on reproductive control of the doctrine of Chong and Ren, and the goal-oriented was to improve the reproductive effects of acupuncture.%通过对冲任学说的再认识,立足中医理论,结合临床资料;并对临床上各种针灸治疗多囊卵巢综合征文献进行分析整理,探讨国内外针灸治疗该病的现代机制,从中医冲任牛殖轴这一全新视角,深入评析了针灸治疗本病的取穴规律和疗效机制,总结出针灸治疗多囊卵巢综合征新的术效方案.依托针灸和妇科学科交叉,创新中医经络

  10. Historical Responsibility Thought of Intergenerational Climate Justice:Discussion with Dr. XU Feng%代际气候正义中的历史责任沉思--兼与徐峰博士商榷

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶方兴

    2014-01-01

    The formation of climate change is not only a specific social and historical process, and also a process of constantly from local to global. As a product of modern industrial civilization, the issue of climate change is the consequence of modernity. Intergenerational climate justice deals with the relationship between in-tergenerational justice on climate resource allocation and consumption, mainly includes the former generations should bear what kind of historical responsibility and contemporary people have what kind of obligation for the future. In identification of the historical responsibility of Intergenerational climate justice, Dr. Xu Feng proposed“pardonable ignorance” can not disclaim for atmospheric pollution behavior of developed countries or the previ-ous generation�s exemption. The basis of historical responsibility in the developed countries is “reasonable care”. Human beings must conduct social cooperation under the condition of limited resources, and the “rea-sonable care” is able to guarantee the smooth realization of the social cooperation and social development;Cli-mate change is the important embodiment of modernity risk, “reasonable care” is an effective idea to address climate change. Imputation foothold on climate change is that the parties to the main body of the behavior, it is the main body failed to fulfill their obligation to“reasonable care” and has caused the global greenhouse effect.%气候变化问题的生成既是一个具体的社会历史进程,也是一个不断地由地方性转向全球性的过程。作为现代工业文明的产物,气候变化问题是现代性的后果。代际气候正义处理的是代际之间在气候资源配置与消费上的正义关系,主要包括前代人应该承担什么样的历史责任和当代人对未来人具有什么样的义务。在代际气候正义的历史责任认定上,“可原谅的无知”不能为发达国家或前代人的大气污染行为免

  11. Biodegradable mesoporous calcium–magnesium silicate-polybutylene succinate scaffolds for osseous tissue engineering

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhang X

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Xinxin Zhang,1,2,* Chi Zhang,3,* Wei Xu,1,* Biao Zhong,3 Feng Lin,3 Jian Zhang,3 Quanxiang Wang,4 Jiajin Ji,4 Jie Wei,4 Yang Zhang1 1TongRen Hospital, School of Medicine, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, 2Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 3Shanghai Sixth People’s Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, 4Key Laboratory for Ultrafine Materials of Ministry of Education, East China University of Science and Technology, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China *These authors contributed equally to this work Abstract: The structural features of bone engineering scaffolds are expected to exhibit osteoinductive behavior and promote cell adhesion, proliferation, and differentiation. In the present study, we employed synthesized ordered mesoporous calcium–magnesium silicate (om-CMS and polybutylene succinate (PBSu to develop a novel scaffold with potential applications in osseous tissue engineering. The characteristics, in vitro bioactivity of om-CMS/PBSu scaffold, as well as the cellular responses of MC3T3-E1 cells to the composite were investigated. Our results showed that the om-CMS/PBSu scaffold possesses a large surface area and highly ordered channel pores, resulting in improved degradation and biocompatibility compared to the PBSu scaffold. Moreover, the om-CMS/PBSu scaffold exhibited significantly higher bioactivity and induced apatite formation on its surface after immersion in the simulated body fluid. In addition, the om-CMS/PBSu scaffold provided a high surface area for cell attachment and released Ca, Mg, and Si ions to stimulate osteoblast proliferation. The unique surface characteristics and higher biological efficacy of the om-CMS/PBSu scaffold suggest that it has great potential for being developed into a system that can be employed in osseous tissue engineering. Keywords: bone repair, polybutylene succinate, calcium–magnesium silicate, ordered mesoporous, proliferation

  12. Caracterización de la violencia intrafamiliar hacia la mujer. Consultorio No 1. Policlínico "René Ávila Reyes. Holguín. 2008

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eisy Mercedes Infantes Pérez

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Aborda un estudio descriptivo y transversal sobre el comportamiento de la violencia intrafamiliar hacia la mujer, en el consultorio 1 del Policlínico "René Ávila Reyes", en Holguín en el año 2008. La muestra quedó conformada por 101 mujeres, que luego de aplicarle una entrevista refirieron haber sido sometida a algún acto de violencia por parte de su pareja. Existió un mayor comportamiento de la violencia intrafamiliar en mujeres en edades comprendidas de 25 a 44 años, con escolaridad de preuniversitario o técnico medio y en las trabajadoras. El tipo de violencia que predominó correspondió al psicológico y con un tiempo de relación de pareja 6 a 10 años. Los factores que incidieron en la aparición del maltrato estuvieron dados por la mala comunicación en el hogar y la ingestión de bebidas alcohólicas. Se recomendó la realización de una intervención educativa comunitaria para lograr la reducción de esta problemática.

  13. Response to ``Comment on `Elastic incoherent neutron scattering operating by varying instrumental energy resolution: Principle, simulations, and experiments of the resolution elastic neutron scattering (RENS)''' [Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83, 107101 (2012)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Magazó, Salvatore; Migliardo, Federica; Benedetto, Antonio

    2012-10-01

    Recently [S. Magazù et al., Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82, 105115 (2011), 10.1063/1.3641870] we have proposed a new method for characterizing, by neutron scattering, the dynamical properties of complex material systems, such as, the ones of interest in the biophysical field. This approach called Resolution Elastic Neutron Scattering, in short RENS, is based on the detection of the elastically scattered neutron intensity as a function of the instrumental energy resolution. By experimental, theoretical, and numerical findings, we have pointed out that an inflection point occurs in the elastic intensity when the system relaxation time approaches the instrumental energy resolution time. This approach, differently from quasi-elastic neutron scattering (QENS), gives the chance to evaluate the system relaxation times without using pre-defined models that can be wrong and/or misleading. Here, we reply to a Comment on the above-mentioned main paper in which Wuttke proposes a different approach to evaluate the above-mentioned inflection point; on this regard, it should be noticed that the existence of the inflection point, which is the main topic of our work, is not questioned and that the approach proposed by Wuttke in the Comment, although valid for a class of dynamical processes, is not applicable when different and distinct processes occur simultaneously at different time scale.

  14. Response to 'Comment on 'Elastic incoherent neutron scattering operating by varying instrumental energy resolution: Principle, simulations, and experiments of the resolution elastic neutron scattering (RENS)'' [Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83, 107101 (2012)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Magazu, Salvatore; Migliardo, Federica; Benedetto, Antonio [Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Messina, C.da Papardo n Degree-Sign 31, P.O. Box 55, Vill. S. Agata 98166 Messina (Italy)

    2012-10-15

    Recently [S. Magazu et al., Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82, 105115 (2011)] we have proposed a new method for characterizing, by neutron scattering, the dynamical properties of complex material systems, such as, the ones of interest in the biophysical field. This approach called Resolution Elastic Neutron Scattering, in short RENS, is based on the detection of the elastically scattered neutron intensity as a function of the instrumental energy resolution. By experimental, theoretical, and numerical findings, we have pointed out that an inflection point occurs in the elastic intensity when the system relaxation time approaches the instrumental energy resolution time. This approach, differently from quasi-elastic neutron scattering (QENS), gives the chance to evaluate the system relaxation times without using pre-defined models that can be wrong and/or misleading. Here, we reply to a Comment on the above-mentioned main paper in which Wuttke proposes a different approach to evaluate the above-mentioned inflection point; on this regard, it should be noticed that the existence of the inflection point, which is the main topic of our work, is not questioned and that the approach proposed by Wuttke in the Comment, although valid for a class of dynamical processes, is not applicable when different and distinct processes occur simultaneously at different time scale.

  15. Master of Chinese Medicine: the career life of Professor HE Pu-ren%国医大师贺普仁教授治学精神之领悟

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王京喜

    2011-01-01

    With his unique comprehension, theoretical contribution and technique of acupuncture. Professor HE Pu-ren has devoted himself into the career of Chinese Medicine for 70 years. Besides the professional contributions, his academic spirit andidea of humanities are also handed down to the next generation. And it is held that his success rests with the spirit of both imitation of the ancients and innovation as well as the practical idea and insistence.%贺普仁教授从事中医针灸工作至今已70年,其针灸思想、针灸学术、针灸技术独树一帜.除专业学术内容外,同时传承了传统的典型的治学精神和人文理念.“师古”原理之不变,“创新”发展而“不泥”的治学精神和务实执着的基本治学理念是贺老事业成功的基础要素.

  16. Tracing Origin of Chinese Characters, Reasonable and Self-Cultivation:Review on Ren Huo’s Complex of Chinese Characters%品字明理修身任火先生《汉字百味》读后

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李艳

    2016-01-01

    Inspired byRen Huo’s Complex of Chinese Characters,six rules of the formation of Chinese characters are expounded;three genres of the research on Chinese characters are analyzed. Combining with Complexof Chinese Characters,the connotations of loyalty,filial piety,humanity, j ustice,propriety,wisdom and faith are studied.Taking Zhuge Liang,Yu Qian and Zheng Xie as examples,the character of corruption is dissected,to search for the true essence of incorruption from the angle of self-cultivation.%以任火先生《汉字百味》为启发,阐述了汉字造字用字的六个条例,分析了汉字研究的三个取向;结合《汉字百味》,研究了“忠”“孝”“仁”“義”“禮”“智”“信”的内涵;剖析了“腐”字,以诸葛亮、于谦和郑燮为例,从修身角度寻找为官不腐的真谛。

  17. Observation on the curative effect of Feng' s rotatory reduction manipulation at fixed points of spine in the treatment of acute lumbar sprain%冯氏脊柱定点旋转复位手法治疗急性腰扭伤的疗效观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜诚恳; 董倔强; 王海磊; 翁文水

    2012-01-01

    目的:观察冯氏脊柱定点旋转复位手法治疗急性腰扭伤的临床疗效.方法:将纳入研究的90例急性腰扭伤患者随机分成2组,每组45例.治疗组采用冯氏脊柱定点旋转复位手法治疗,对照组采用传统斜扳手法治疗 手法治疗每天1次,共治疗3次.分别于治疗前和治疗结束后采用自拟腰痛疾患疗效评定标准对2组患者的疗效进行评定.结果:治疗前2组患者腰痛评分比较,差异无统计学意义(t=0.028,P=0.978);治疗后2组患者腰痛评分均增加(t=18.183,P=0.000;t=13.726,P=0.000),治疗组增加更明显(t=2.039,P=0.044).结论:冯氏脊柱定点旋转复位手法治疗急性腰扭伤疗效显著,值得临床推广应用.%Objective:To observe the clinical curative effect of Feng' s rotatory reduction manipulation at fked points of spine in the treatment of acute lumbar sprain( ALS). Methods:Ninety ALS patients enrolled in the study were randomly divider! into 2 groups,45 cases in each group. Patients in the treatment group were administrated with Feng's rotatory reduction manipulation at fixed points of spine, while the others in the control group were administrated with traditional oblique-pulling manipulation,once a day for consecutive 3 days. The cura-tive effects were evaluated according to the self-designed standard for curative effect evaluation of low back pain before and after the treat-ment respectively. Results:There was no statistical difference in the low back pain scores between the 2 groups before the treatment (t = 0. 028, P = 0.978). The low back pain scores of the 2 groups were all increased after the ireatmen(t = 18. 183 ,P = 0. 000;/ = 13.726.t = 0. 000) ,and scores increased more significantly in the treatment group(t =2. 039 ,P=0. 044 ). Conclusion;The method of Feng' s rotatory reduction manipulation at fixed points of spine performs well in ihe. treatment of acute lumbar sprain.it is worth popularizing in the clinic.

  18. The Analysis from Sociology from Law on the Extreme Events in Right Maintaining in the "We-Media"Era---Taking "Ji Zhong-xing Case"as an Example%自媒体时代极端维权的法社会学分析--以冀中星案为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢昕欣

    2014-01-01

    "Ji Zhong-xing Case"is the miniature of Chinese extreme right maintaining events ,which re-flects the malfunctioning and defect of regular right-defending system .The social bottom class people's desire of rights protecting can't be satisfied and they have to seek for other irregular right-defending ways .In the era of "We-Media",these extreme events are widely spread by Internet and self-medias ,taking obvious ex-pansion and demonstration effect ,and are deeply influencing people's right defending selection .T he negative effects of extreme events in "We-Media"era are related with the deficient social remedy mechanisms of Chi-na .The extreme events in right maintaining will reduce the credibility of regular right maintaining channel , therefore ,it should be prevented with effective measures .%冀中星案是当下中国极端维权事件的缩影。极端维权反映出我国正规性传统维权渠道的失灵和制度缺陷,以及广大底层群体维权需求长期得不到满足而被迫选择其他非正规性维权渠道的现状。而在自媒体时代下,极端维权在网络和自媒体的广泛传播和影响下,显示明显的扩大效应和示范作用,对个体维权者的行动选择有着潜移默化的影响。极端维权在自媒体时代的负面社会效果凸显我国社会救济机制仍有很大不足。极端维权会降低正规维权渠道的公信力,因此,应当采取有效措施加以防范。

  19. 农民工对大众传统小吃的传承——基于新疆博乐圆中园名食店的个案分析%Rural Migrant Workers ' Contribution in Preserving Popular Traditional Snacks A Case Study of Yuan-zhong-yuan Food Shop in Bole, Xinjiang

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王斯

    2012-01-01

    Based on a case study of the entrepreneurship of Yuan-zhong-yuan Food Shop, the article introduces life experience of a rural migrant family under the background of Reform and Opening-up, commodity-based economy, urban migration, change and diffusions of catering culture. Then it analyzes the generality and inheritance of popular traditional snacks as intangible cultural heritage, and holds affirmative attitudes for rural migrant contributions to preserving intangible cultural heritage, including rural migrant workers undertaking food processing and catering services and those rural migrant workers as traditional low-end consumers, who involuntarily serve as inheritors of popular traditional snacks while earning a living in food services. The role of the modern family kitchen gradually gives way to outside food shops operating modes. However, the increasingly prominent food security problems are worthy of our thoughts, research and exploration.%以新疆博乐圆中园名食店的创业历程为研究个案,将河南一个农民家庭的谋生轨迹置于改革开放、商品经济、农村人口流动、饮食文化变迁与传播的时代背景下,分析大众传统小吃作为饮食领域的非物质文化遗产所具备的普泛性与承传性。同时,肯定打工族对这类饮食领域非物质文化遗产的传承,它包含从事食品加工、餐饮行业的打工者和作为传统食品中低端消费群的农民工。二者为了维持生计而自觉或不自觉地充当了传统小吃的传承者,而大众传统小吃本身的廉价、速食和对人体基本热量、大众口味的满足等特性,在相当大程度上持续其传承。外食店经营的模式将逐步取代家庭厨房在饮食传承中的角色,但其中日益凸显的饮食安全问题值得人们关注。

  20. 突发群体事件后乌鲁木齐市中湾街沿街居民精神障碍流行病学调查%Epidemiological survey of mental disorder along the Zhong-wan street in the Urumqi after the emergency of group injury

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐向东; 吕淑云; 夏叶玲; 贾丽娜; 胡新伟; 买买提热夏提·吐尔逊; 张莉; 李月娥; 陈亮

    2014-01-01

    目的 了解乌鲁木齐市突发群体事件后中湾街沿街年龄≥15岁居民各类精神障碍的患病率、发病因素及规律,为街道社区心理卫生服务尤其是心理危机干预提供依据.方法 2009年9月5日至11月5日对乌鲁木齐市黑甲山后街社区沿街居民进行了调查,对其中中湾街沿街年龄≥15岁全体居民,由精神科医生以DSM-Ⅳ-TR轴Ⅰ障碍临床定式检查患者版进行了调查,使用DSM-Ⅳ对各类精神障碍进行诊断.结果 (1)共有931人完成了调查,精神障碍的总时点患病率为24.3%(226/931),最常见的精神障碍为创伤后应激障碍(post traumatic stress disorder,PTSD)(13.5%,126/931),重性抑郁障碍(8.7%,81/931)和未特定抑郁障碍(3.4%,32/931).(2)高暴露组总患病率为41.3%(143/346),高于低暴露组(14.2%,83/585),差异有统计学意义(P<0.01);年龄组总患病率随着年龄增大呈增高趋势(≥55岁组略有下降):15 ~ 24岁8.8%(7/192),25 ~ 34岁20.4%(44/225),35 ~44岁26.5%(77/291),45~54岁41.7%(55/132),≥55岁34.1%(31/91),差异有统计学意义(P<0.01).(3)PTSD患者自愿接受治疗23例(18.3%),2例完成治疗.结论 相关区域PTSD和重性抑郁障碍患病率位于突发群体事件后精神障碍的前两位.高暴露者精神障碍总患病率高于低暴露者,年龄<55岁人群精神障碍总患病率随年龄增大呈增高趋势.社区PTSD患者治疗依从性差.%Objective To understand the prevalence rate and factors to mental disorder in residents aged 15 years and older along the Zhong-wan street in the Urumqi after the emergency of group injury.To provide the basis for the community mental health service especially psychological crisis intervention.Methods The residents aged 15 years and older along the Zhong-wan street were assessed with the DSMⅣ-TR for making diagnosis of axis Ⅰ disorder from September 5 to November 5 in 2009.Results In the 931 residents completed the surveys

  1. QTL Analysis of Kernel Characteristics Using a Recombinant Inbred Lines (RILs) Population Derived from the Cross of Tiriticum polonicum L. and Triticum aestivum L. Line “Zhong 13”%波兰小麦×普通小麦品系“中13”RIL群体籽粒特性的QTL定位

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李美霞; 杨睿; 李有梅; 崔桂宾; 王竹林; 奚亚军; 刘曙东

    2012-01-01

    小麦籽粒特性与籽粒产量和品质密切相关。本研究以波兰小麦(Tiriticum polonicum L.)×普通小麦(Triticum aestivum L.)品系“中13”杂交组合衍生的99个F8重组自交系(Recombinant inbred lines, RIL)群体为材料,利用SSR分子标记构建连锁遗传图谱。根据两年实验数据,利用复合区间作图法对粒重、粒长和粒宽3个籽粒特性相关性状进行了QTL定位分析,共检测到12个与籽粒特性相关的加性QTL位点。其中,3个粒重QTL,1个位于1A染色体上,另外2个都在2A染色体上,单个QTL可解释表型变异的13.35%~20.04%;5个粒长QTL,其中2个位于2A染色体上,其余3个分别位于3A、5A和2B染色体上,单个QTL可解释表型变异的 8.53%~21.03%;4个粒宽QTL,分别位于1A、2A、3B和 5B染色体上,单个QTL可解释表型变异的9.76%~40.79%。在2A染色体上共检测到5个籽粒特性相关性状的QTL,表明2A染色体与籽粒特性关系密切。%Wheat kernel characteristics are associated with kernel yield and quality. In this study, the QTLs of grain weight, grain length and grain width were analyzed using SSR markers in a population which consisted of 99 F8 recombinant inbred lines (RILs) derived from the cross of Poland wheat (Triticum polonicum L.) and Common Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Zhong 13. The ANOVA showed that there was highly significant difference between Poland Wheat and Zhong 13 in all three traits in 2010 and 2011. It was clear that the hereditary basis between two parents on grain weight, grain length and grain width was very different. A significant difference among recombinant inbred lines (RIL) was found in grain weight in two years, a highly significant difference among recombinant inbred lines (RIL) was found in grain length and grain width in two years. Of 355 pairs of polymorphic SSR primers between parents, there were 173 pairs of SSR primers with polymorphism among recombinant

  2. Strukturell-organisatorische Entwicklung und Etablierung eines interdisziplinären Trainingszentrums für klinisch-praktische Fertigkeiten [Structural and organizational development and establishment of an interdisciplinary Skills Lab

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dott, Wolfgang

    2010-02-01

    rztliche Handeln essentiell sind. Im Juli 2005 begann der Aufbau eines interdisziplinären Trainingszentrums an der medizinischen Fakultät der Rheinisch-Westfälischen Technischen Hochschule Aachen, genannt „AIXTRA“ (Aachener interdisziplinäres Trainingszentrum für medizinische Ausbildung. Sach- und Personalmittel zur strukturellen und methodischen Etablierung des sog. Skillslab wurden zunächst aus einem fakultätsinternen Förderprogramm für innovative Lehrkonzepte, im weiteren Verlauf zum überwiegenden Teil aus Studienbeiträgen zur Verfügung gestellt. Methodik: Im Vorfeld wurden die folgenden notwendigen Schritte eines Projektmanagements erarbeitet: Entwicklung eines methodischen Rahmenkonzeptes, Definition der inhaltlichen Ausrichtung und Auswahl der Fertigkeiten, Schaffung infrastruktureller Voraussetzungen (Räume, Unterrichtsmaterial, Personal, Konzeptionierung von „Pilot-Kursen“, Realisierung repräsentabler „Meilensteine“, Gewinnung weiterer potenter fakultätsinterner Partner für zukünftigen Ausbau, Implementierung Kursangebot in laufende Curricula, Evaluation der Einzel-Kurse und des Gesamtkonzeptes. Ergebnis: Die vorab festgelegten Teilschritte des Projektmanagements erwiesen sich als zielführend bei der Umsetzung des Projektes. Eine „Minimal“-Infrastruktur in Bezug auf räumliche und personelle Ressourcen wurde etabliert, das methodische Konzept umgesetzt. Im Sommersemester 2008 besuchten insgesamt 709 Teilnehmer in 133 fakultativen Kursen und ca. 900 Studierende in curricularen Veranstaltungen das Skillslab „AIXTRA“. Schlussfolgerung: Nach drei Jahren wird im interdisziplinären Trainingszentrum eine breite Palette von Kursen angeboten, in denen Studierende praktische Fertigkeiten erlernen, trainieren und optimieren können. Die bisher gewonnenen Erfahrungen in der Konzeptionierung und Organisation des Kursprogramms sind essentielle Grundlage für den weiteren strukturellen und methodisch-didaktischen Ausbau des Skillslab.

  3. İŞGÖREN SEÇİM SÜRECİNDEKİ KRİTİK FAALİYETLERİN ANALİTİK HİYERARŞİ SÜRECİ İLE DEĞERLENDİRİLMESİ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nurcan TEMİZ

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available ÖZ: Proje, zaman, kaynak ve para gibi kısıtları olan, belirli bir amacı başarmak için başlangıç ve bitiş sürelerine sahip ve öncelik ilişkileri olan bir takım faaliyetlerden oluşan bir süreçtir. İşgören seçimi her işletme için hayati bir öneme sahiptir. Bu süreç, işletmenin ihtiyaçlarına uygun işgücünü bulma ve işletmeye dahil etme faaliyetlerinden oluşan bir proje gibi düşünülebilir. Bu çalışmada bir fast food işletmesinin müdür adayı işe alım süreci incelenmiştir. İşgören seçim sürecinde işletme tarafından uygulanan faaliyetlerin öncelik ilişkileri kullanılarak proje planlama tekniklerinden Kritik Yol Yöntemi (CPM ile projenin şebekesi çizilmiş, tüm faaliyetler için en erken başlama, en erken bitiş, en geç başlama, en geç bitiş süreleri, toplam boşluklar ve serbest boşluklar hesaplanmış, kritik faaliyetler bulunmuştur. Daha sonra kritik faaliyetlerden bazılarının önceliklerini (göreli önemlerini bulmak için Analitik Hiyerarşi Süreci (AHS kullanılmıştır. ABSTRACT: Project is a process, which has restrictions such as time, resource and money, consisting of a set of activities that have starting and finishing time and precedency relations in order to achieve a specific purpose. Personnel selection has a vital importance for every business. This process can be considered as a project that consists of activities such as finding correct labour force and incorporating them to the organization. In this study personnel selection process of fast food organization was examined. By using precedence relationships of activities, pursued by organization in the personnel selection process, network of project is drawn via Critical Path Method (CPM, which is one of the project planning techniques, earliest start and earliest finish times, latest start and latest finish times, total and free float of all activities were calculated and critical activities were found. Then

  4. Entered the feudal women's inner world--Wang San-qiang psychological personality anatomy in Feng Meng-long"Yu Shi said"%走进封建妇女的内心世界--冯梦龙《喻世明言》中王三巧之心理人格解剖

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄睿清; 于天

    2013-01-01

      弗洛伊德《精神分析引论新编》之第三章《心理人格的解剖》阐述了个体“本我”、“自我”、“超我”之间的关系。明人冯梦龙所编《三言》在民间广为流传,影响深远,其创造的故事人物也都极富个性。在分析故事人物个性时,必然离不开对形象的心理、人格进行分析,也就自然无外乎对分析对象“本我”、“自我”、“超我”的分析。%Freud "psychoanalysis" third chapter "the introduction of a new psychological personality anatomy" discussed relationship among"Id","ego","superego". Feng Meng-long compiled the"Sanyan"widely circulated in the civil, far-reaching, the creation of the characters are full of personality. Analyzed of the characters personality, certainly can not do without the image of the psychological, personality analysis, is analyzed of the"Id","ego","superego".

  5. 清代岭南伤寒名家郭元峰《伤寒论》学术思想概略%A Brief Account on the Academic Thinking of Treatise on Cold-induced Febrile Diseases Writed by GUO Yuan-feng

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈创鹏; 胡正刚; 陈晓薇; 张横柳

    2012-01-01

    GUO Yuan-feng, a famous physician in Qing dynasty, who made a deep study on Treatise on Cold-induced Febrile Diseases and had put forward many sensible and well-grounded views. He did the research with his own feature. He learned from the ancient but not limit to. And he was an important representative of clinical prescription group in the TCM field in Lingnan area of China.%郭元峰,广东南海人,清代岭南名医,医术精湛,学术颇丰,崇经典,深研仲景伤寒之说,提出许多创见.郭氏对伤寒及治疗次第的认识言简意赅,切中要害,对六经本证述之简当,紧扣临床,辨证从实际需要出发,辨证手段丰富,师古而不泥古,活用经方,参以时方,是岭南经方派的重要代表之一.

  6. On Integration of Elegance and Popularity in Feng Menglong' s Sanyan -- The Ninth Study on Elegance and Popularity of Novels about Human Relationship from South of the Chan~iang River%论冯梦龙《三言》的雅俗整合——江南世情小说雅俗系列研究之九

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    申明秀

    2011-01-01

    The novels of Feng Menglong are studied. He advocate "promoting elegant" and "meeting the public" both. His promoted elegant from two opposite aspects in his works Sanyan, namely the traditional civilization of promoting virtues and punishing evils. On the other hand, to "meet the public" in content and satiating the reader's curiosity, he deliberately chose plenty of works about love and business, to excavate human nature from daily life and to attract readers and cultivation. Thus made Sanyan became a successful works of the integration with elegance and common.%通过研究冯梦龙小说,认为冯梦龙提倡“奏雅”与“适俗”并重,其《三言》是从正反两个方面来“奏雅”的,即传统的劝善与惩恶的教化主题;为了内容上的“适俗”,满足读者的好“奇”心,冯梦龙有意选择了大量婚恋与经商题材的作品,从日常生活中挖掘人性之“奇”,以吸引与教化读者,而使得《三言》成为雅俗整合的成功之作。

  7. Sex-linked differences in the course of chronic kidney disease and congestive heart failure: a study in 5/6 nephrectomized Ren-2 transgenic hypertensive rats with volume overload induced using aorto-caval fistula.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Červenka, Luděk; Škaroupková, Petra; Kompanowska-Jezierska, Elzbieta; Sadowski, Janusz

    2016-10-01

    The role of hypertension and the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) in sex-related differences in the course of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and congestive heart failure (CHF) remain unclear, especially when the two diseases are combined. In male and female Ren-2 transgenic rats (TGR), a model of hypertension with activation of endogenous RAS, CKD was induced by 5/6 renal mass reduction (5/6 NX) and CHF was elicited by volume overload achieved by creation of an aorto-caval fistula (ACF). The primary aim of the study was to examine long-term CKD- and CHF-related mortality, especially in animals with CKD and CHF combined, with particular interest in the potential sex-related differences. The follow-up period was 23 weeks after the first intervention (5/6 NX). We found, first, that TGR did not exhibit sexual dimorphism in the course of 5/6 NX-induced CKD. Second, in contrast, TGR exhibited important sex-related differences in the course of ACF-induced CHF-related mortality: intact female TGR showed higher survival rate than male TGR. This situation is reversed in the course of combined 5/6 NX-induced CKD and ACF-induced CHF-related mortality: intact female TGR exhibited poorer survival than male TGR. Third, the survival rate in animals with combined 5/6 NX-induced CKD and ACF-induced CHF was significantly worsened as compared with rat groups that were exposed to 'single organ disease'. Collectively, our present results clearly show that CKD aggravates long-term mortality of animals with CHF. In addition, TGR exhibit remarkable sexual dimorphism with respect to CKD- and CHF-related mortality, especially in animals with combined CKD and CHF.

  8. Ren Jia Zhuang coal mine disaster relief asylum cavern construction experience%任家庄煤矿井下救灾避难硐室建设经验

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘旭; 王忠寿; 马国军

    2014-01-01

    对任家庄煤矿建设矿井救灾避难硐室经验进行总结。通过对建设过程中硐室位置的选择、硐室防水处理、管线布置、电器设备布置、地面钻孔布置、噪音处理及排水系统建设方面进行充分考虑、分析及研究,总结建设救灾功能较为完善,各个系统运行良好,满足人员避灾生存需求的救灾避难硐室所需考虑因素。对再建矿井救灾避难硐室具有一定的指导意义。%The paper summarized experience in the construction of ren jia zhuang coal mine disaster relief asylum cavern. Through fully consider,analysis and research on the choice of the location,cavern waterproof processing,pipeline layout、electri-cal equipment layout,ground borehole layout,noise processing and construction of drainage system in the process of mine di-saster relief asylum cavern construction ,summarizes the construction of disaster relief function more complete,the system runs well and meet the demand of personnel to avoid disaster survival needed relief asylum cavern factor. To build the mine disas-ter relief asylum cavern has the great guiding significance.

  9. Effects of ZhengQing FengTongNing on IL-1βand TNF-α in the brain stem of the rat migraine model%正清风痛宁对偏头痛大鼠脑干IL-1β、T NF-α表达的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张中菊; 刘晓丽; 易桂标; 于娜; 杨丽

    2015-01-01

    Objective To observe the effect of ZhengQing FengTongNing on the expression of inflammatory cytokines IL‐1β and TNF‐α in the brainstem of migraine rats , discuss the pharmacology of ZhengQing FengTongNing in migraine ,and provide the theoretical basis for the development of new drugs for migraine .Methods Sixty Wistar rats (half female and half male) were randomly divided into 6 groups:the normal control group ,the migraine model group , the sumatriptan group , the ZhengQing FengTongNing low‐dose intervention group , the ZhengQing FengTongNing medium‐dose intervention group , the ZhengQing FengTongNing high‐dose intervention group .Except the normal control group ,migraine model of the other 5 groups of rats were produced by subcutaneous injection of nitroglycerin . After modeling and drugs intervention , the changes of behavior and symptom of rats were observed ,and the number of cells positive for IL‐1βand TNF‐α in the brainstem of each group were measured by immunohistochemical SP method . Results There were significant differences of the number of cells positive for IL‐1βand TNF‐αin all the groups (F=7.063 ,8.257 , P<0.05) . Further pairwise comparison showed that cells positive for IL‐1β (18.9 ± 8.17 , t= -4.780 , P=0.000) and TNF‐α (14.30 ± 6.41 , t= -4.444 , P= 0.000) of the model group were more than the normal control group respectively (P<0.05) .Compared with the model group , the number of cells positive for IL‐1βand TNF‐αin the sumatriptan group (2.80 ± 2.15 , t=6.026 ;0.00 ± 0.00 , t=7.052) ,the medium‐dose group (7.70 ± 4.76 , t= 3.745 ;6.20 ± 1.99 , t= 3.815 ) and the high‐dose group (7.80 ± 5.90 , t= 3.482 , P=0.003 ;5.90 ± 2.88 , t=3.778 ,P=0.001) were significantly decreased .In the low‐dose intervention groups , the number of cells positive for IL‐1β (13.5 ± 4.30 , t= 1.849 , P= 0.081) and TNF‐α (11.30 ± 6.11 , t=1.071 , P=0.298) in brainstem had no statistical difference compared with

  10. ESTUDIO DEL EFECTO DE LA CRANEOACUPUNTURA EN PACIENTES CON ENFERMEDAD VASCULAR CEREBRAL. (EVC)

    OpenAIRE

    PEREZ BRAVO, MIGUEL

    2009-01-01

    LA ENFERMEDAD VASCULAR CEREBRAL (EVC) EN MEXICO ES UN IMPORTANTE PROBLEMA DE SALUD PUBLICA, ES LA TERCERA CAUSA DE MUERTE Y LA SEGUNDA EN PRODUCIR INCAPACIDAD NEUROLOGICA. EL OBJETIVO DE ESTE ESTUDIO FUE EVALUAR EL EFECTO DE LA CRANEOACUPUNTURA EN PACIENTES CON ENFERMEDAD VASCULAR CEREBRAL (ZHONG FENG). EL PRESENTE ES UN ESTUDIO EXPERIMENTAL, PROSPECTIVO Y LONGITUDINAL, REALIZADO EN EL HOSPITAL DEL ISSSTE DE LA CIUDAD DE PUEBLA, A UN GRUPO DE 11 PACIENTES DE AMBOS SEXOS, CON...

  11. ESTUDIO DEL EFECTO DE LA CRANEOACUPUNTURA EN PACIENTES CON ENFERMEDAD VASCULAR CEREBRAL. (EVC)

    OpenAIRE

    PEREZ BRAVO, MIGUEL

    2009-01-01

    LA ENFERMEDAD VASCULAR CEREBRAL (EVC) EN MEXICO ES UN IMPORTANTE PROBLEMA DE SALUD PUBLICA, ES LA TERCERA CAUSA DE MUERTE Y LA SEGUNDA EN PRODUCIR INCAPACIDAD NEUROLOGICA. EL OBJETIVO DE ESTE ESTUDIO FUE EVALUAR EL EFECTO DE LA CRANEOACUPUNTURA EN PACIENTES CON ENFERMEDAD VASCULAR CEREBRAL (ZHONG FENG). EL PRESENTE ES UN ESTUDIO EXPERIMENTAL, PROSPECTIVO Y LONGITUDINAL, REALIZADO EN EL HOSPITAL DEL ISSSTE DE LA CIUDAD DE PUEBLA, A UN GRUPO DE 11 PACIENTES DE AMBOS SEXOS, CON...

  12. René-Just Haüy. D'un manuscrit de cours pour l'École normale de l'an III au "Traité élémentaire de physique" : le physicien et le charlatan

    OpenAIRE

    Blondel, Christine

    2003-01-01

    International audience; This paper presents two unpublished manuscripts of René-Just Haüy (1743-1822). They display the change of status of experimental physics at the end of 18th century France. A youthful manuscript describes a conjurer trick based on magnetism with the pleasure of a mysterious experiment. The manuscript of his first lesson on magnetism at the Ecole normale (1795), when a recognised scientist, blames any appeal to "magical art" in physics and lays down the distinction betwe...

  13. 以杨守仁先生为核心水稻科学家学术谱系研究%The Academic Genealogy of the Scientists of Rice with Mr. Yang Shou-ren as a Core

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李昕升; 夏如兵

    2012-01-01

    科学家学术谱系是在继承前人的基础上,通过传承学术内容和学术精神,培养新一代一流人才群体,培养出一批一流人才,而不仅是一个领军人物。改变过去一流人才偶然或零星出现,而且常常后继无人的局面,可使一流人才的培养和形成由偶然变成必然。1952年杨守仁先生创建沈阳农业大学稻作研究室,较早地建立了国家超级稻育种科技创新团队,逐渐成为中国北方特别是东北地区稻作科学研究中心、学术交流中心和人才培养中心。杨守仁先生在水稻科学家学术谱系中作为第一代的传承者,在学术传承方面做出了杰出的贡献,因此在以杨守仁先生为中心的水稻科学家学术谱系中具有开创之功。%An academic genealogy assumes the task of carrying on the academic research and spirit of people of the past and cultivating first-class talent groups generation after generation rather than one or two academic leaders. Changing the past situation in which first-class talented people take their place accidently or occasionally and tend to have no qualified successors helps change the cultivation and making of first-class talented people from occasional appearance to necessary result. Mr. Yang Shou-ren founded his research laboratory of cultivation of paddy in 1952, based on which he established his national technology-innovating team of super rice breeding early in the country and made it steadily become the research center of paddy cultivation, academic communication center and talented people cultivating center in the north of China, especially the northeast China. Mr. Yang, as one of the second generation of successors in the academic genealogy of scientists of rice, made excellent contributions to academic inheritance and passing-on. Therefore, in the academic genealogy of scientists of rice with Mr. Yang as a core, he is regarded as the founder of the genealogy.

  14. Lettres inédites a René Demeurisse (1895-1961, placeur au salon de la société nationale des beaux-arts en 1921

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claire Maingon

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available René Demeurisse (1895-1962 fut un fidèle exposant des Salons parisiens, ces fiefs de l’art vivant où se jouaient la carrière des artistes depuis le XVIIe siècle. Ce peintre figuratif de la génération du feu, élève d’Albert Besnard et ami du sculpteur animalier François Pompon, était membre associé de la Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts créée en 1890. Les plus grands noms de l’Ecole française, dont Auguste Rodin et Antoine Bourdelle, y participèrent avant la création du Salon d’Automne. En 1921, Demeurisse fut chargé avec Henri le Sidaner du placement d’un millier de toiles au Salon de la Nationale des Beaux-Arts. Cette tâche passionnante et ingrate était un exercice périlleux. Tous les artistes du Salon souhaitaient être exposés le plus visiblement possible, dans la salle bénéficiant des plus beaux éclairages et de la meilleure fréquentation afin de vendre leur œuvre et d’être cités dans la presse. Il y aurait les élus et les autres, ceux dont les envois plus médiocres finiraient dans les recoins obscurs du Grand Palais. Les archives du peintre conservent notamment trois lettres remarquables d’exposants exprimant leurs désirs d’accrochage qui apportent un éclairage nouveau sur la question du rôle des placeurs. Ces documents totalement inédits révèlent une facette méconnue de l’organisation du Salon et du tempérament d’un artiste dont le principal mérite était la sincérité.

  15. 从雷锋精神透视先进文化对中国现代化的强大推动%Perspective on Advanced Culture’s Strong Promotion for China’s Modernization:with the Lei Feng Spirit as an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙力

    2014-01-01

    The most fundamental function of advanced culture lies in its promotion of social development. Lei Feng Spirit in fact becomes strong spiritual power for socialist modernization in China. Firstly,as modernization re-quires social integration on the basis of widespread social identification,Lei Feng’s exalted virtue of public interest oriented selflessness is exactly a priceless spiritual treasure to integrate the society into strong concerted drive to o-vercome inconceivable numerous difficulties. Secondly,as modernization requires social harmony on the basis of sound social relations,the exalted virtues of enthusiastic altruism and selfless devotion embodied in the Lei Feng Spirit are of great significance in creating sound social relations,resolving social instability,and promoting social harmony. Thirdly,as modernization requires members of a society to actively shoulder social responsibilities and to make contributions for its orderly development and efficient performance,Lei Feng’s“screw spirit”reflects exalted socialist professional ethics and is an important spiritual impetus for the efficient and orderly advancement of social-ist modernization.%先进文化最根本的功能在于它对社会发展的推动。雷锋精神,实际上成为中国社会主义现代化建设的强大精神动力。首先,现代化需要在广泛社会认同基础上实现社会整合,雷锋公而忘私的崇高品德,正是整合社会以形成强大合力战胜重重困难的宝贵精神资源。其次,现代化需要在良好社会关系基础上实现社会和谐,雷锋精神体现的助人为乐、无私奉献的崇高品德,对创造良好社会关系,促进社会和谐具有重要意义。其三,现代化需要社会成员积极承担起相应的社会责任,为社会有序发展和高效运作贡献力量。雷锋的“螺丝钉精神”反映社会主义高尚的职业伦理,是社会主义现代化高效有序推进的重要精神动力。

  16. Study on Polar Conductor Arrangements of ±500 kV Jing-Feng Double Circuits DC Transmission Line Project from Jingmen to Fengjing%荆—枫±500kV同塔双回直流线路的极导线布置研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张艳; 于跃; 柏晓路; 王昕

    2013-01-01

    According to the main design principles and characteristics of DC transmission lines, simulation calculations are carried out to study the electromagnetic environment, overvoltage level, lightning performance, operation and maintenance of the transmission line and other aspects. Four different polar conductor arrangements of ±500 kV Jing-Feng double circuit DC transmission lines are analyzed and compared. And then the optimal conductor arrangement mode is determined. The relevant results have been applied to the design of ±500 kV double double circuit DC transmission line project from Jingmen to Fengjing, and the project has run well over one year, which demonstrates the validity and practicability of the design scheme.%根据直流输电线路的主要设计原则和特点,通过仿真计算,从电磁环境、过电压水平、雷电性能及线路运行维护等方面对荆—枫±500 kV同塔双回直流线路的4种极导线布置方案进行了分析比较,并确定了最佳极导线布置方案.所得结果已用于荆—枫±500 kV同塔双回直流输电线路设计中,且工程项目已良好运行超过1年,验证了该设计方案的实用性和有效性.

  17. The analysis of geologic characteristic and causes of iron deposit of the Four Door Ditch, Feng cheng city, Liaoning%辽宁省凤城市四道门沟铁矿床地质特征及成因分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁士鹏

    2012-01-01

    辽宁省凤城市四道门沟铁矿床位于辽东铁、硼成矿带内。以下元古界辽河群变质岩系最为发育,褶皱构造是直接控制本区变质层控铁硼矿的重要控矿条件,其控制着矿体的产出空间位置,并控制着区内铁矿体的展布特征。该区的铁矿属于火山沉积变质-超变质热液迭生层控矿床,矿石自然类型为磁铁矿-透闪石型,局部有磁铁矿-蛇纹石型和磁铁矿-硼镁铁矿型。%The Four Door Ditch's Iron Ore Deposit of Feng cheng city in Liaoning Province is located in iron and boron ore mine belt in Eastern Liaoning.They mainly develop from series of Liaohe Group Metamorphic Rocks in Lower Proterozoicn. The fold structure is the important Ore--controlling condition,which directly control the its Metamorphic layer and iron and boron ore,the production location,also expansion characteristics of iron rocks.This area of mine belong to volcanic--sedimentary that is fall born layer deposit of the metamorphic hydrothermal fluid. The natural ore type is the through flash tone magnetite,local Serpentine magnetite and boron magnesium and iron mineral type.

  18. 关于县级税收征管改革的思考--基于安徽省长丰县的调研%On the Reform of Tax Collection and Administration at the County Level--Based on the Research of Anhui Province ChangFeng County

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李文志; 刘上名

    2014-01-01

    随着社会主义市场经济的深入发展,我国地方经济运行中出现了一系列深层次的问题,给基层税收征管带来新的挑战。为了适应社会发展和经济建设的需要,税收征收管理改革势在必行。本文结合安徽省长丰县税收征收管理体制的现状和面临的问题,借鉴西方国家的有利经验,从规范征管组织体系、优化纳税服务体系、加强税源专业化管理以及完善税务信息管理系统等方面提出了对策和措施。%With the further development of the socialist market economy, a series of deep-seated problems appeared in the operation of the local economy in our country, which brought new challenges to tax collection and administration at the grass-roots level. In order to meet the needs of social development and economic construction, the reform of the tax management should be carried out imperatively. Based on the Anhui province ChangFengXian tax management system of the present situation and problems, learned from the experience of western countries from the specification collection organization system, this article put forward countermeasures and measures by optimizing the tax service system, strengthening tax professional management and perfecting the taxation information management system.

  19. From“Deep Sorrow on Impermanence”to“Mundane Buddhism”:An Analysis of Feng Zikai's Buddhist Thoughts%从“无常之恸”到“人间佛教”:丰子恺佛教思想初探

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋霞; 杨晓河

    2015-01-01

    在中国现代文学艺术史上,丰子恺最大的特点在于他的人生与艺术均充满了佛教意味。他从对时空的哲思开启人生之问,从对无常的体悟接近佛教之门,从对无常的参悟走向“人间佛教”。丰子恺的佛教思想的内涵是:以现实人生为基点,以人的清净心为基础,把佛教的精神运用于世间,通过大乘菩萨道的修持完善人格进而建立和平、仁爱的人间净土。%In Chinese modern history of literature and art ,Feng Zikai is characterized by the feature that his life and art are full of the Buddhist implications .He started his asking about life by philosophical thinking on time and space .He approached the gate of Buddhism from his thinking on impermanence .He devoted himself to mun‐dane Buddhism from his reflection on impermanence .The connotations of his Buddhist thoughts rest on the basis of realistic life and lustration heart and aims to apply the spirit of Buddhism in human life to perfect humanity in the hope of establishing a peaceful and kindhearted pure land on earth through the spiritual training of Mahayana Bo ‐dhisattva.

  20. Parody:Mythological Description and Legendary Recreation---The Postmodernism Narrative Skill in Feng Yulei’s Fiction%戏仿:神话书写与传奇再造--冯玉雷后现代主义小说叙事技巧阐释

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

      冯玉雷的后现代主义小说写作运用了戏仿式的叙事技巧,表现为以神话书写和传奇再造等为主要特点的叙述策略。这一叙事技巧既在戏仿性的书写中以神话性思维再现宏大叙事的神圣性意义,展现人类精神的超越与梦想;又以现代语境为映照在戏仿中形成一种解构式的幽默化、嘲讽化和戏谑化的叙事格调,形成对传统神圣化的宏大叙事的非神圣性意义体验。在文本叙事中神圣性和戏谑性的双重格调形成作品一种内在的意义张力,从而使其写作具有了丰厚的现代审美意味。%Parody is the narrative skill that Feng Yulei applies in his postmodernism fictions ,which is completed by the mythological description and legendary recreation .Parody reveals the divinity through mythological thinking ,as well as the genre of humor and irony through modernism contexe .The paper holds that the divinity and irony in the fiction is an inner force to demonstrate its modern aesthetic value .

  1. 《静志居琴趣》:朱冯情缘及其对朱彝尊词风之影响%Seishi Habitat Qinqu:Zhu - Fengˊs Love and its Impact on Zhu Yizunˊs Ci Style

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢艺苑

    2016-01-01

    Zhu Yizun,the dean of West Zhejiang Ci School character,had influenced the Ci writing for a long period in Early Qing Dynasty with his Ci style of alcohol Masayuki. His secret love with Feng Shouchang,his wifeˊs young sister,which has great impact on the formation of Zhuˊs Ci style,has rarely been mentioned. Seishi Habitat Qinqu,which records in details their feelings,reveals some implicit traces about their romance trajectory. In this Ci collection,Zhu describes their love experience with concentrated language,sincere affection and depressed feeling and it is this emotional state that leads to Zhuˊs new Ci style of embarked alcohol and rich elegance.%朱彝尊是浙西词派的泰斗人物,其醇雅之词风影响清初词坛多年。他与妻妹冯寿长的隐秘恋情甚少被人提起,然而他词风的形成却与这段压抑的恋情密切相关。《静志居琴趣》中记录了两人感情的细节,并隐约显现出二人恋情的轨迹。朱氏在此词集中以缩笔的手法、真挚的感情、压抑的状态写出了二人的感情经历,同时这种状态亦使朱氏的词风走上了醇雅的道路。

  2. Nationalisering ad bagdøren?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomsen, Steen

    2009-01-01

    Et alternativ til lukning eller indirekte nationalisering er at etablere tidsbegrænsede investeringsfonde drevet på kommerciel basis af private, men med staten som medinvestor, således at privat kapital suppleres af offentlig, mens det private initiativ bevares...

  3. Ingeniørens metode som undervisningspraksis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sillasen, Martin Krabbe

    2015-01-01

    På BIG BANG-konferencen 2015 kunne man opleve ingeniør og underviser Ann Kaiser fortælle om ingeniørers arbejdsmetode, og hvordan hun har brugt det til at skabe en motiverende og illustrativ naturvidenskabelig undervisning. Arbejdsmetoden kaldes for Engineering Design Process (EDP)....

  4. Jeget i svingdøren

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2006-01-01

    Dag Solstads roman 16.07.41 har en hovedperson som let kan identificeres som forfatterens alter ego, men er ikke en problemløs selvbiografi. Dele af det selvbiografiske materiale er bearbejdet til fiktion, andre dele til dokumentation. Derved inviteres læseren til at læse det samme værk på to måder...

  5. ren Kierkegaard og blikkets koder

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Linnet, Ragni

    kinship to music (and time as time) are screened off. Hegel's thesis of 'an art after art', i.e. the death of the idealistic, beautiful work and its resurrection in a prosaic pictorial expression in which the formal qualities are at the centre, is not incorporated in the Danish reception, so that Hegel...

  6. Den professionelle kommunikations renæssance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Niels Chr. Nielsen

    1993-09-01

    Full Text Available Mens hovedparten af den nyere PR-litteratur bevæger sig "på kommu- nikations niveau", og blot beskriver fremtidens virksomhedskommuni- kation i forhold til fortidens og nutidens kommunikationsformer, så gra- ver Niels Chr. Nielsen i denne artikel et par spadestik dybere. Han beskriver kort den igangværende erhvervsstrukturelle og teknologiske udvikling og trækker dernæst paralleller til kravene til virksomhedernes professionelle kommunikationsarbejde. Det er hans tese, at den tekno- logiske og erhvervsstukturelle udvikling ikke, som ofte påstået, fører til mere og mere sofistikeret manipulation med modtagerne; tværtimod vil det der ske en forskydning i argumentets og den ægte dialogs retning. Niels Chr. Nielsen, der er cand.mag i filosofi og idehistorie, skriver fra en position som udviklingsdirektør ved Dansk Teknologisk Institut. Artiklen er et bearbejdet oplæg fra konferencen "Excellent Public Relations", 18. marts 1993.

  7. Sat uden for døren?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ryom, Knud Eske

    2014-01-01

    KOMMENTAR. Kan gruppecoaching af udsatte drenge på Nørrebro fungere som en redningsplanke til en ’fortabt’ gruppe? Ph.d.-studerende Knud Ryom fortæller her om, hvad gruppecoaching kan, og hvorfor han tilbyder det til udsatte unge i sit forskningsprojekt....

  8. Ren Yanwu and His Migraine Hospital

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1996-01-01

    RenYanwuandHisMigraineHospitalBySUNLIDr.Renyanwu.MIGRAINE,asevereheadacheononesideoftheheadisacommonchronicillness.Toeffectar...

  9. ren fra F-16

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schaub Jr, Gary John

    Da Danmark i 1975 besluttede at købe 58 F-16-kampfly var det på mange måder en aftale med substantielle fordele. Den fælles beslutning blandt en række NATO-lande om at købe samme flytype betød, at Danmarks relationer til sine alliancepartnere blev styrket, ikke mindst i kraft af fælles deltagelse i...... fly ikke var operative. Men fælles fly betød ikke i sig selv, at Danmark blev en ligeværdig og efterspurgt deltager i internationale operationer. Det krævede en omfattende modernisering af F-16-flyet, indkøb af avancerede systemer og ammunition, en reorganisering af det danske flyvevåben,en forandring...... danske beslutningstagere søge samme former for samarbejde, når de i 2016 investerer i det kampfly, der skal erstatte F-16-flyet....

  10. ren Kierkegaard og blikkets koder

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Linnet, Ragni

    , as the thesis distinguishes between a Hegelian and a Hegelianist aesthetic, while in terms of methodology a distinction is drawn between two levels of understanding: 1) the historical link between Hegel, Danish Hegelianism and the late Golden Age painting; and 2) Hegelian and Hegelianist aesthetic thinking...... applied as a contemporary pictorial analytical instrument. The thesis is divided into five main sections and 17 chapters. It is based in particular on late Golden Age paintings and pictorial world in general, and progresses with a reading of the period's aesthetic and, especially, Hegelianist and Hegelian...... to the research traditions that are my starting point, supplemented with particularly important research contributions and an account of why this work is not a Neohegelian project. The thesis shows that the Kierkegaardian dialectic of perception is a particularly potent pictorial analytical instrument that allows...

  11. Plagiate im universitären Bereich

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    Plagiarism in the university sector (translation of the title). In this contribution, we first discuss the term plagiarism in the university sector. In this context, we particularly examine whether the copyright or the university law contain appropriate starting points for a conceptual distinction. Next, different strategies for the prevention of plagiarism are discussed, thereby distinguishing between information and deterrence measures. Afterwards, procedure and results of an empirical stud...

  12. Descartes, René (1596-1650)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murdin, P.

    2000-11-01

    Mathematician and philosopher, born in La Haye (now Descartes), Touraine, France, settled in Holland. His work, La Géométrie, formulated geometry in terms of algebra, from which comes the concept of Cartesian coordinates. Studied Aristotelian philosophy and was attracted to mathematics, and the purely logical analysis of practically everything. Wrote Discours de la Méthode pour bien Conduire sa R...

  13. Wahlfach Teamarbeit: Ergebnisse eines Pilotprojektes zur interprofessionellen und interdisziplinären Ausbildung mit formativem Team-OSCE (TOSCE [Teamwork elective: Results of a German pilot project on interprofessional and interdisciplinary education with formative team OSCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Schmidt, Anita

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available [english] Aims: There is a growing need to implement teamworking in medical education. In reality, interdisciplinary and interprofessional education is often absent. Here we describe a pilot trial developed jointly by the nursing college and the medical faculty in Erlangen (Germany in which nursing students and undergraduate medical students formed interprofessional teams and were confronted with interprofessional cases using simulated patients (SPs and phantoms. The elective was planned using standard curriculum planning instruments and finally evaluated with a novel formative team OSCE (Objective Structured Clinical Evaluation instrument.Methods: During one year, 20 nursing students participated voluntarily in the project and 10 medical students took the course as an elective. Results: The pilot project was first performed with two tutors, one from the medical school and one from the nursing school, as well as one to two SPs. During the second course, there was only one tutor. Overall evaluation of the voluntary students was good, with some elements (acute stroke, factual knowledge, and general organizational problems that needed to be improved. Performance of a four-station team OSCE was feasible, but raters reported problems in assessing individuals and the team at the same time. Interobserver agreement was satisfactory (kappa 0.35.Conclusions: Interdisciplinary and interprofessional education between a nursing school and a medical school is feasible within an elective, but requires substantial personnel resources. Design and performance of a team OSCE is possible. The validity of the test has to be shown on follow-up.[german] Zielsetzung: Das Lernziel „Fähigkeit zur interprofessionellen und interdisziplinären Teamarbeit“ wird sowohl in der aktuellen Approbationsordnung für Ärzte als auch im Krankenpflegegesetz gefordert. In der Realität gibt es in beiden Ausbildungen kaum gemeinsame Lehreinheiten. Wir beschreiben ein Pilotprojekt

  14. An Analyse of Qi Activity in Medical Treatment---Exploring the Running Laws of Qi Activity from the Ren Zhitang Medical Individuation to Enlightenment%由《任之堂医经心悟记》参究气机运转法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘湘云

    2016-01-01

    整理分析《任之堂医经心悟记》一书中与气机运转相关的论述,以法天象地参人和、串起思维的珍珠链及大道至简、要言不烦三大方面为着力点参究中医的气机运转法则,体悟任老对运用气机运转法的广融会贯通与深入浅出,进而探讨气机运转法的涵义及临床运用。%Arranging as well as analysing some massage about qi activity from the book the Ren Zhitang Medical Individuation to Englightenment.And the theory of "observing the environment and the people",“string the pearls of thinking"and “explaining the truth with the simplest language”were expounded to explore the running laws of qi activity.It showed that Mr.Ren used the running laws of qi activity comprehensively,deeply andintricately in a simple way.It can explore the running laws of qi activity of traditional Chinese medicine as well as its clinical treatment.

  15. Sakarya Özel Eğitim Kurumunda Eğitim Gören Çocukların Beslenme Tarzında Ebeveynlerin Bilgi ve Tutumlarının İncelenmesi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Süleyman KALELİ

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Beslenme büyüme ve gelişimin sağlanması, sağlıklı bir yaşam ve sağlıklı bir gelecek için çocukluk evresinde çok önemlidir. Otizm ve down sendromu bir takım benzerlikleri ve farklılıkları gösteren genetik hastalıklar arasında yer almaktadır. Down sendromlu veya otistik çocuklar beslenme açısından riskli bir gruptur. Bu araştırma Sakarya Özel Eğitim Kurumunda eğitim gören çocukların beslenme tarzları ve ebeveynlerin çocuk beslenmesine yönelik tutumlarının incelenmesi amacıyla planlanmıştır. 30 Gönüllü öğrenci velilerine demografik bilgiler haricinde evet/hayır içeren 17 (S1, S2,…,S17 soru sorulmuştur. Ayrıca okul çağında sıkça kullanılan 22 adet gıda maddesi tablosundaki yiyeceklerin sıklığı sorgulanmıştır. S4 (%45,2 evet ve %54,8 hayır, S8 (%41,9 evet ve %54,8 hayır, S15 (%32,3 evet ve %67,7 hayır ve S16’ da ise (%3,2 evet ve %96,8 hayır hayır cevaplarının oranı evet cevabına göre yüksek bulunurken diğer soruların cevaplarında evet oranı yüksek bulunmuştur. Öğün aralarında çocuğun isteklerinin karşılanmaması, çocuğun acıkınca yemek yedirilmemesi, çocuğun her gün düzenli olarak akşam yemeği yememesi aile bireylerinin çocuk besleme bilgisinde yetersiz olduğu düşünülmektedir. Bununla birlikte otistik çocukların cips, gazlı içecekler, lahmacun-pide türü gıdalara az yer verilmesi ve süt ve süt ürünleri, yumurta, kuru baklagiller ekmek ve makarna gibi yiyeceklere yönelmesi olumlu bir beslenme alışkanlığını göstermektedir.

  16. Is tamoxifen associated with an increased risk for thromboembolic complications in patients undergoing microvascular breast reconstruction? [Ist die Einnahme von Tamoxifen zum Zeitpunkt der mikrovaskulären Brustrekonstruktion mit einer erhöhten Rate an thrombembolischen Komplikationen assoziiert?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Krämer, Robert

    2013-02-01

    des hormonrezeptorpen Brustkrebses postmenopausaler Frauen abgelöst. Tamoxifen ist mit einem ca. zweifach erhöhten Risiko für thrombembolische Komplikationen (tiefe Beinvenenthrombose, Lungenembolie assoziiert. Vor dem Hintergrund einer aktuellen und im Februar 2012 im Journal of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery erschienenen retrospektiven Studie mit Nachweis einer erhöhten Komplikationsrate freier Lappentransplantate zur Brustrekonstruktion unter Tamoxifen-Einnahme haben wir unser Patientenkollektiv nach mikrochirurgischer Brustrekonstruktion retrospektiv auf Minor- und Major-Komplikationen einschließlich thrombembolischer Ereignisse insbesondere vor dem Hintergrund einer perioperativen Tamoxifeneinnahme untersucht. Eingeschlossen wurden insgesamt 29 Patientinnen nach mikrochirurgischer autologer Brustrekonstruktion. Es wurden mikrovaskuläre Lappenkomplikationen und Lappenverluste von Patientinnen ohne und mit Einnahme von Tamoxifen und Aromatasehemmern zum Zeitpunkt der mikrochirurgischen Brustrekonstruktion verglichen. 25 Patientinnen (86,2% erhielten eine DIEP-Lappenplastik und 4 (13,8% eine TRAM-Lappenplastik. Fernerhin verglichen wir die Rate allgemeiner thrombembolischer Ereignisse unter Berücksichtigung sonstiger Nebendiagnosen und Risikofaktoren. Von insgesamt 29 Patientinnen standen zum Zeitpunkt der mikrovaskulären Brustrekonstruktion 3 unter einer Aromatasehemmer-Therapie und 5 unter einer Tamoxifen-Therapie. Insgesamt traten in 11 Fällen (37,9% postoperative Komplikationen auf, in 5 Fällen handelte es sich hierbei um Major-Komplikationen (mit einem Lappenverlust und in um Minorkomplikationen. Unter Tamoxifeneinnahme kam es in einem Fall zu einer Minorkomplikation, und in einem anderen Fall zu einem thrombembolisch bedingten Lappenverlust. Insgesamt kam es postoperativ zu einem thrombembolischen Ereignis in Form einer Lungenembolie ohne Assoziation zur Tamoxifen-Therapie.Die Anzahl thrombembolischer Ereignisse stellten sich mit und ohne

  17. The analysis of the effects of social support, job alienation and job stress on labour performanceSosyal destek, işe yabancılaşma ve iş stresinin işgören performansı üzerindeki etkisinin incelenmesi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sabahattin Tekingündüz

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The efficiency, quality and productivity of health services depends on ‘labour’ Labour’s job performance can be affected by personal characteristics, work condition, attitudes of workers and managers. The first aim of this study is, to determine whether there is a relationship between labour performance, job alienation, job stress, social support (friend/parents/partner and various personal characteristics such as gender, marital status, age, education status, lenght of working, income; the second aim is to determine whether job alienation, job stress, social support and various personal characteristices are affected labour’s performance. This study is a cross-sectional study. The study population was 583 voluntary hospital staffs at Adıyaman Public Hospital Association’s hospital which have  inpatient services. In this study, we used personal information form, Labour Performance Scale, Multi dimension social support scale, Job stress scale, Job alienation scale. Descriptive statistics, t-tests in independence group, Pearson Correlation analyse and Multiple Linear Regression Analyse have used for data analyzing. According to results of study, there was a significant differences between gender and labour performance; there was a negative significant relationship between labour performance, job alienation and friend support; there was a positive significant relationship between labour performance, partner support, parent support and length of working in institution. On the other hand job alienation affected labour performance negatively; partner support and parent support affected labour performance positively.   Özet Sağlık hizmetlerinin etkililiği, verimliliği ve kalitelisi “insan gücü”ne bağlıdır. İnsan gücünün iş performansı da kişisel özelliklerden, çalışma koşullarından, yöneticilerin ve çalışanların tutum ve davranışlardan etkilenebilmektedir. Yapılan bu çalışmanın birinci amacı, işgören

  18. TABLE OF CONTENTS and ABSTRACTS reprinted from ACTA PHYSICA SINICA,Vol.48,No.7

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    0000 GENERAL Stationary Solutions of the Nonlinear Schrodinger Equa tion for Neutral Atoms in a Harmonic Trap…………………………Yah Ke-zhu, Tan Wei-han (1191) A W-Shaped Potential Trap with Axial Symmetry for a Ring-Shaped Bose-Einstein Condensate Wang De-zhong, Lu Xing-hua, Huang Hu, Li Shi-qun (1197) Impulsive Synchronization of Rossler System …………Liu Feng, Mu Zhao-li, Qiu Zu-lian (1203) 3000 ATOMIC AND MOLECULAR PHYSICS (2+1)REMPI Spectrum of Rydberg States of S Atoms in the 243-263 nm Region Zhang Li-min, Chen Jun, Xu Hai-feng, Dai Jing hua, Liu Shi-lin, Chen Cong-xiang, Ma Xing-xiao (1209) Charge Stripping Cross Sections for s6Krq+ Collision with H and He…………Liu Zhi-jing (1214) Simulation and Discussion of the Lattice Distortion and Elastic Modulus of Nanocrystals ……………………Chang Ming, Yang Bao-he, Chang Hao (1222) 4000 CLASSICAL AREAS OF PHENOMEN OLOGY Application of Wavelet Analysis to Optical Information Processing…………Ma Jing, Tan Li-ying, Ran Qi-wen (1229)The Fourth-Order Interference between Two Indepen dent Squeezed Fields…………Zhang Jun-xiang, He Ling xiang, Zhang Tian-cai, Xie Chang-de, Peng Kun-chi (1235)Phase Coupling of RF-Excited Optical Phase-Shifted Ar ray Resonator Slab Waveguide CO2 Lasers…………Tang Xiao-jun, Zhao Zong-hai, Xin Jian-guo (1247)Gaussian-Type Breath Modes of Spatial Soliton Formed in Logarithmically Saturable Nonlinear Media …………Tang Yong-lin, Li Da-yi, Chen Jian-guo, Kang Jun (1253)Vector Theory of Off-Axial Gaussian Wave ... Zeng Xiao-dong, Liang Chang-hong, An Yu-ying (1260)6000 CONDENSED MATTER: STRUCTURE, THERMAL AND MECHANICAL PRO PERTIESCalculations of the Formation Energies of Point Defects in Alkaline Earth Fluorides . .. Jin Qing-hua, Feng Shao-xin, Guo Zhen-ya, Li Bao-hui, Ding Da-tong (1268)Effect of Medium-Energy Radiation on C60 Films Yao Jiang-hong, Xu Jing-jun, Zhang Guang-yin, Zou Yun-juan, Chen Guang-hua, Yang Ru, Jin Yong-fan (1274)Grazing

  19. 电针百会、风府穴对脑I/R损伤大鼠海马区CPG15表达影响的实验研究%Effects of Eiectroacupuncture Bai Hui, Feng Fu on CPG15 Expression of Hippocampus in Rats with Cerebral Ischemic Reperfusion

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐晓敏; 秦正玉; 何宗宝; 王家琳; 吴生兵; 汪克明

    2011-01-01

    目的 探讨电针对局灶性脑缺血再灌注大鼠神经功能的恢复及海马区神经可塑性相关基因15(CPG15)表达影响的情况.方法 60只SD大鼠,雌雄各半,随机分为正常对照组、模型组、电针经穴组、电针非经穴组、西药对照组.采用线栓法制备局灶性脑缺血再灌注模型,电针经穴组电针百会、风府穴,电针非经穴组电针大鼠臀部非经非穴位置,电针以疏波2Hz,强度3 mA~5mA,持续电针30 min,每天1次,连续治疗2周.西药对照组以尼莫地平20 mg/(kg·d)灌胃,每日2次,连续灌胃2周.2周后Longa5分法对大鼠神经功能缺损评分,并取材,运用免疫组化法检测大鼠缺血侧海马区CPG15表达情况.结果 模型组大鼠神经功能缺损评分及缺血侧海马区CPG15表达显著高于正常对照组(P<0.01);电针经穴组与西药治疗组大鼠神经功能评分及海马区CPG15表达差异无统计学意义(P>0.05),而与模型组比较,电针经穴组与西药治疗组神经功能评分及海马区CPG15表达均有统计学意义(P<0.01);电针非经穴组大鼠神经功能缺损评分及缺血侧海马区CPG15表达与模型组比较差异无统计学意义(P>0.05).结论 电针可改善脑缺血再灌注大鼠神经功能,并提高海马区CPG15的表达,电针对脑缺血再灌注后脑细胞的神经可塑性有促进作用.%Objective To investigate the effects of electroacupuncture on canidate plasticity- related gene 15CCPG15) expression of hippocampus in rats with cerebral ischemic reperfusion(I/R). Methods Sixty sprague - dawley rats were randomly divided into normal group (group 1) ,cerebral ischemic reperfusion model group (group 2) .electroacupuncture on meridian acupoints group (group 3),electroacupuncture on non - meridian acupoints group (group 4) .and nimodiping group (group 5). Rat models with cerebral ischemia reperfusion were prepared by modified suture. Electroacupuncture was applied on Bai Hui(TV20) and .Feng Fu

  20. Clinical Observation of Tiao Ren Tong Du Needling plus Bloodletting at Jing-well Points for Post-stroke Spastic State MA%调任通督针法结合井穴刺血治疗脑卒中痉挛状态临床观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马晓明; 李晶晶; 闫兵; 刘永锋; 周鹏; 黄汝成

    2016-01-01

    Objective To observe the clinical efficacy of Tiao Ren Tong Du (regulating the Conception Vessel and unblocking the Governor Vessel) needling method plus bloodletting at the Jing-well points in treating post-stroke spastic state. Method Sixty-seven eligible patients were randomized into a group to receive Tiao Ren Tong Du needling plus bloodletting at the Jing-well points (treatment group) and a rehabilitation group (control group). For the two groups, the treatment was given once a day, 6 times as a treatment course, for 4 courses in total. The Modified Ashworth Scale was used to evaluate the spasticity intensity, and the Patient Reported Outcome (PRO) for post-stroke spastic hemiplegia was used to measure the patients from the following four aspects:subjective symptoms, objective symptoms, mental state, and social function. Result After intervention, the scores of spasticity, and physiological, mental, social, and environmental factors were significantly improved in both groups (P<0.01,P<0.05). Compared to rehabilitation, Tiao Ren Tong Du needling plus bloodletting at Jing-well points can more significantly release the muscular spasticity and reduce the PRO score (P<0.01). The recovery plus markedly-effective rate was 70.6% in the treatment group versus 42.4% in the control group. Conclusion Tiao Ren Tong Du needling plus bloodletting at Jing-well points can effectively improve post-stroke spastic state and the quality of life.%目的:观察调任通督针刺法结合井穴刺血治疗脑卒中痉挛状态的临床疗效。方法将符合标准的67例患者随机分为调任通督针法结合井穴刺血组(治疗组)和康复治疗组(对照组),两组均每日治疗1次,6次为1个疗程,共治疗4个疗程。采用改良 Ashworth 张力评分法所定标准对肌痉挛程度进行评定,以及中风痉挛性偏瘫基于报告结局指标(PRO)对患者主观症状、客观症状、心理状态、社会功能4个领域进行评分。结果两组患者治

  1. Estudio de las regularidades físico químicas de la lixiviación del magnesio presente en las colas de la fábrica de níquel René Ramos Latour de Nicaro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yosvany Ferreiro Guerrero

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Se realiza un estudio de las regularidades físico químicas del proceso de lixiviación ácida orgánica del magnesio debido a que el mismo constituye uno de los elementos mayor consumidor de ácido en el proceso de lixiviación del cobalto presente en las colas de la fábrica de níquel ¨Comandante René Ramos Latour¨. Con la investigación se logra comprobar la influencia que tienen el contenido de sólido alimentado, la concentración inicial del ácido utilizado y el flujo de la solución en el proceso de lixiviación del magnesio. Se logra determinar experimentalmente que hasta un 56 % del magnesio presente en las colas pasa a formar parte de la solución.

  2. A Brief Discussion on the “Human Nature”of QIAN Zhong-shu’s Reviews in Histories---As an example of guanzhuibian’s interpretation about zuozhuan and shiji%略论钱锺书史论中的“人性”--以《管锥编》对《左传》《史记》的诠解为中心

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    单磊

    2015-01-01

    Human nature played the important part of history because of its complexity and contingency . Qian Zhong -shu broke dow n barriers of space -time and disciplines ,and interpreted human nature in histories with aesthetic vision .His reviews in histories had discussed about historical figures and historical events in history which performed surge high and sweep forward .His reviews in histories could lead to introspect of historical law s and effect of human nature in history .%历史学是一门以弘扬人性之真、善、美和鞭笞人性之假、恶、丑为旨归的人学,因而在求真之外尚有求善、求美的使命。历史发展的复杂性和偶然性决定了人性在历史中扮演着至关重要的角色。钱锺书打破时空界线和学科壁垒,独辟蹊径,从常心、常情、常理出发,用貌似拙朴的分析方法,以美学慧眼诠解史学作品中表现出来的人性,给人以心灵的震撼和历史之美的洗礼。其史论通过对人性的自然性的确认、对社会性的剖释和对复杂性的体察,将散落于历史间隙中的寻常之人和事置于波澜壮阔的历史进程之中,引起人们对宏大叙事下的历史规律进行重新审视和对人性在历史进程中所起作用进行深切反思。

  3. Effect of Different Chemical Treatments on Postharvest Physiology and Quality of FengHuang Honey Peach during Storage%不同化学方法处理对凤凰水蜜桃采后生理与品质的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刚成诚; 王亦佳; 陈奕兆; 李建龙; 高建刚; 钱伟东; 王科峰; 俞忠

    2012-01-01

    通过探讨化学方法对水蜜桃的保鲜效果及机理,进而寻找一种既有效又适合在广大果农中推广,而且符合食品安全的水蜜桃化学保鲜方法.以江苏省张家港市凤凰镇的凤凰水蜜桃(Prunus persica)为试验材料,研究分析了在冷藏条件(3±1)℃下,分别用质量分数为2%的氯化钙(CaCl2)、0.3g·L-1的水杨酸(SA)、0.5g·L-1的赤霉素(GA3)单一及复配处理浸泡凤凰水蜜桃15min的保鲜效果.结果表明:从整体保鲜效果上来说,复配处理的效果好于单一处理;2%CaCl2+0.3g· L-1SA处理在保持可溶性糖含量、降低细胞膜透性、抑制呼吸强度方面要好于其他处理;2%CaCl2单一处理在保持果实硬度、可溶性固形物和降低失重率方面要好于其他处理.2%CaCl2+0.3g· L-1SA处理的水蜜桃保鲜效果最佳,有效的抑制了果实冷害和褐变的发生,保持了水蜜桃的果实品质;而由于CaCl2成本较低,且方便获得,符合食品安全要求,因此,利用2%CaCl2进行水蜜桃保鲜则更适合在广大果农中推广应用.%In order to explore the effect and mechanism of chemical preservation methods and find out an effective way to fit the food safety policy and easy to be promoted, the FengHuang water peaches picked from Zhangjiagang, Nanjing Province, were selected as the experiment materials. At refrigerated temperature (3± It), the preservation effect was compared and analyzed using 20% calcium chloride(CaCl2) 0.3g·L-1 salicylic acid (SA), 0.5g·L-1 gibberellic acid (GA3) either separately or combined. Overall, effects of mixture treatments were better than single treatments. The 2% CaCl2+O.3g ? L-1 SA treatment was better in keeping the soluble sugar, controlling the membrane permeability, slowing down the respiration rate, the 2% CaCl2 treatment was superior in maintaining the firmness, soluble solids content(SSC) and slowing down the weight loss rate. Combined of 2% CaCl2 and 0.3g·L-' SA was an

  4. In Retrospect, Five Year's Splendid Journey of Wind and Rain,Look into the Future, Five Year's Grand Prospect--Shanxi Phoenix Conveyor Belt Co., Ltd.

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

      On January 21, 2006, ShanxiPhoenix Conveyor Belt Co.,Ltd. held the 2005 Honor Convention. Those who attended the conference were Mr. Ren Runhou, Board Chairman of Shanxi Phoenix Conveyor Belt Co., Ltd., Board Chairman & General Manager of Shanxi Luan Mining Group, Mr. Shi Wenlin, Director of Shanxi Phoenix Conveyor Belt Co., Ltd.,Vice General Manager of Shanxi Luan Mining Group, Dr. Feng Weimin, General Manager of Shanxi Phoenix Conveyor Belt Co., Ltd. and Mr. Feng Qiang,Administrative General Manager of Shanxi Phoenix Conveyor Belt Co., Ltd.The conference was presided by Vice General Manager Zhu Junhong.……

  5. In Retrospect, Five Year's Splendid Journey of Wind and Rain,Look into the Future, Five Year's Grand Prospect--Shanxi Phoenix Conveyor Belt Co., Ltd.

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    @@ On January 21, 2006, ShanxiPhoenix Conveyor Belt Co.,Ltd. held the 2005 Honor Convention. Those who attended the conference were Mr. Ren Runhou, Board Chairman of Shanxi Phoenix Conveyor Belt Co., Ltd., Board Chairman & General Manager of Shanxi Luan Mining Group, Mr. Shi Wenlin, Director of Shanxi Phoenix Conveyor Belt Co., Ltd.,Vice General Manager of Shanxi Luan Mining Group, Dr. Feng Weimin, General Manager of Shanxi Phoenix Conveyor Belt Co., Ltd. and Mr. Feng Qiang,Administrative General Manager of Shanxi Phoenix Conveyor Belt Co., Ltd.The conference was presided by Vice General Manager Zhu Junhong.

  6. PREFACE: 5th Workshop of Young Researchers in Astronomy & Astrophysics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Forgács-Dajka, Emese; Plachy, Emese; Molnár, László

    2010-04-01

    The 5th Workshop of Young Researchers in Astronomy and Astrophysics was held on 2-4 September 2009 at the Eötvös University in Budapest, Hungary. This meeting fits into a conference series which can already be considered a tradition where the younger generation has the opportunity to present their work. The event was also a great opportunity for senior astronomers and physicists to form new connections with the next generation of researchers. The selection of invited speakers concentrated on the researchers currently most active in the field, mostly on a post-doctoral/tenure/fresh faculty position level. A number of senior experts and PhD students were also invited. As the conference focused on people rather than a specific field, various topics from theoretical physics to planetology were covered in three days. The programme was divided into six sections: Physics of the Sun and the Solar System Gravity and high-energy physics Galactic and extragalactic astronomy, cosmology Celestial mechanics and exoplanets Infrared astronomy and young stars Variable stars We had the pleasure of welcoming 10 invited review talks from senior researchers and 42 contributed talks and a poster from the younger generation. Participants also enjoyed the hospitality of the pub Pál at the Pálvölgyi-cave after giving, hearing and disputing countless talks. Brave souls even descended to the unbuilt, adventurous Mátyásvölgyi-cave. Memories of the conference were shadowed though. Péter Csizmadia, one of our participants and three other climbers attempted a first ever ascent to the Ren Zhong Feng peak in Sichuan, China, but they never returned from the mountains. Péter departed to China shortly after the conference, with best wishes from participants and friends. We dedicate this volume to his memory. The organisers thankthe Physics Doctoral School of Eötvös University for its hospitality. The workshop was supported by the Mecenatúra and Polányi Mihály Programmes of the National

  7. Degradation and osteogenic potential of a novel poly(lactic acid/nano-sized β-tricalcium phosphate scaffold

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cao L

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Lu Cao,1,2 Ping-Guo Duan,1,2 Hui-Ren Wang,1,2 Xi-Lei Li,1,2 Feng-Lai Yuan,3 Zhong-Yong Fan,4 Su-Ming Li,5 Jian Dong1,21Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, China; 2State Key Laboratory of Molecular Engineering of Polymers, Fudan University, Shanghai, China; 3Affiliated Third Hospital of Nantong University, Wuxi, Jiangsu, China; 4Department of Materials Science, Fudan University, Shanghai, China; 5Max Mousseron Institute on Biomolecules, Montpellier I University, Montpellier, FranceAbstract: The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of nano-sized β-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP on the biological performance of poly (lactic acid (PLA composite scaffolds by using in vitro degradation and an in vivo model of heterotopic bone formation. Nano-sized βTCP (nβ-TCP was prepared with a wet grinding method from micro-sized β-TCP (mβ-TCP, and composite scaffolds containing 0, 10, 30, or 50 wt% nβ-TCP or 30 wt% mβ -TCP were generated using a freeze-drying method. Degradation was assessed by monitoring changes in microstructure, pH, weight, and compressive strength over a 26-week period of hydrolysis. Composite scaffolds were processed into blocks, and implanted into muscular pockets of rabbits after loading with recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2. New bone formation was evaluated based on histological and immunohistochemical analysis 2, 4, and 8 weeks after implantation. The in vitro results indicated that the buffering effect of nβ-TCP was stronger than mβ-TCP, which was positively correlated with the content of nβ-TCP. The in vivo findings demonstrated that nβ-TCP enhanced the osteoconductivity of the scaffolds. Although composite scaffolds containing 30% nβ-TCP exhibited similar osteoconductivity to 50% nβ-TCP, they had better mechanical properties than the 50% nβ-TCP scaffolds. This study supports the potential application of a composite scaffold containing 30

  8. Seguir e servir a Cristo pobre: juventude, ideais e renúncias na Toca de Assis (Follow and serve Christ in poverty: youth, ideals and sacrifices in Toca de Assis. DOI: 10.5752/P.2175-5841.2012v10n26p456

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo Portella

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available O presente estudo busca compreender a aderência de jovens a um instituto católico – Toca de Assis – que se caracteriza por adotar um estilo de vida configurado por radical pobreza, renúncia a bens e estudos formais, e dependência exclusiva da providência divina, além de desenvolvimento de trabalho com pessoas em situação de rua. Busca entender a opção juvenil por um estilo de vida religiosa rigoroso a partir de propostas de vida contrastivas com a sociedade contemporânea e, de certo modo, com a própria Igreja, visando identidades alternativas e fortes. Assim, o artigo desenvolve o tema Juventude; Toca de Assis, renúncia, pobreza; tem como objetivo verificar as relações entre juventude, comportamento e adesão a estilos de vida radicais; usa, principalmente, da metodologia das ciências sociais; tem por conclusão provisória a compreensão de que os jovens que aderem à Toca de Assis, ao renunciar a bens materiais, estudo, e ao assumirem uma vida de pobreza e solidariedade com os pobres, estão em um movimento de contrastividade e contestação social motivadas por uma identificação com o Cristo sofredor. Palavras-chave: Toca de Assis. Renúncia. Pobreza. Jovens.   Abstract: The present study aims to understand the adherence of youth people to a Catholic institute called Toca de Assis. This group adopts a lifestyle of radical poverty, wich calls for renunciation of material goods and also to formal studies. Participants in this group also claim rely solely on state of divine providence for their material survival. Young people in this group perform a work of assistance to people marginalized by society and to those who live at risk on the streets. The article seeks to understand the reasons for the choice of young people for a religious lifestyle so strict that contrasts with the lifestyle of contemporary society and in a sense, the Church itself, aiming at the formation of alternate identities. Thus, the article develops

  9. Contemporary Comments on "Four Reviews" of "A Dream of Red Mansions"——taking Zhou Ruchang,Feng Qiyong,Cai Yijiang,Wang Meng as examples%当代《红楼梦》评点“四家评”综论之一——以周汝昌、冯其庸、蔡义江、王蒙为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高淮生

    2011-01-01

    The comment about "A Dream of Red Mansions" since "Zhi Yanzhai",an earlier commentator,has been a special form of literary appreciating and literary criticism,which is quite popular among readers.The most influential contemporary comments are the ones made by Zhou Ruchang,Feng Qiyong,Cai Yijiang and Wang Meng."Four Reviews" are very popular and loved by readers of A Dream of Red Mansions.Not only did "Four Reviews" widened the perspectives and approaches on the study of "A Dream of Red Mansions",but have achieved traditional Chinese fiction commentary's self-improvement to some extent,especially the quality of comments about "A Dream of Red Mansions".Besides,it is also beneficial for the construction of contemporary literary appreciation.%《红楼梦》评点自脂砚斋以来一直是受到《红楼梦》读者喜爱的一种文学鉴赏和文学批评的特有形式。当代《红楼梦》评点影响最大的当属周汝昌、冯其庸、蔡义江、王蒙等"四家评","四家评"正广为流传,并受到《红楼梦》读者的喜爱。"四家评"不仅拓宽了《红楼梦》的研究视野和研究途径,也在一定程度上实现了传统小说评点尤其是《红楼梦》评点理论品格的自我提升,并且有益于当代文艺鉴赏学的建设。

  10. Enlightening People on Intelligence,Cultivating Honest Behavior and Enriching Moral Relations---An Analysis of Feng Zika‘i s Artistic Aesthetic Education Idea of “Integration of Artistic,Moral and Scientific Education”%启民智·敦教化·厚人伦--简析丰子恺的“三鼎足”文艺审美教育观

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗明

    2016-01-01

    丰子恺的文艺审美教育观,恪守以文艺审美知识的普及开启民智;寓“温柔敦厚”之审美教育精神及“人性美”之教化于艺术教育实践中;其独树一帜的文艺审美教育观和强调艺术教育“三鼎足”的理念,关涉人的“类本质教育”,于当下反思我们的文艺审美教育存在的诸多问题,有着重要而深刻的反思借鉴价值。同时,丰子恺先生在文艺审美教育及其他艺术理论开创的话语实践中,融中西话语资源为一体,形成自我文论话语的写作范例,也值得成为我们今天文论话语重建的借鉴与参考。%Feng Zikai‘s aesthetic education thought enlightened the people through the popularization of the aesthetic knowledge and integrated the aesthetic education and human nature beauty into the art education practice.His inimitable artistic aesthetic education concept and artistic aesthetic education idea “integration of artistic,moral and scientific education”are both involved in “human nature education”and of vital value to the settlement of the present problems in artistic aesthetic education.Moreover,he integrated domestic and western discourses to establish his own literary theory,which is of referential significance to the discourse reconstruction of today‘s literary theory.

  11. 資訊素養與商業教育結合之理念與實施──以逢甲大學Sunny Net商學專業網站為例 | A Practical Application of Information Literacy in Business Education── Using a Web Site to Teach Lifelong Learning in Feng Chia University

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    景祥祜、張簡誌誠 Hsiang-Hoo S. Ching、J. J. Chang-Chien

    1999-10-01

    Full Text Available

    頁次:63-70

    資訊素養融入專業課程的教學理念已愈來愈受到重視,但國內商業教育卻鮮少有此一理念。本文首先探討現階段大學商業教育教學的概況,以反映資訊素養教育的重要性及迫切性。其次,討論大學體制內於商業教育課程中實施資訊素養教育的限制因素,進一步討論如何誘導資訊素養結合商業教育理念,階段性策略的構思,接著說明理念實踐的過程,並介紹逢甲大學商學專業網Sunny Net的現況,分享初步的成果,且提出未來展望,以尋求建立一個可以適用在我國商學專業學科的教學模式。

    Although efforts to integrate information literacy throughout educational curriculums is growing, it has not received much attention in Taiwan's business education at the post-secondary level. The purpose of this study is to explain the developing role of information literacy in business education and to analyze the present institutional constraints in its implementation. This study presents a pioneering project, Sunny Net sponsored by Feng Chia University, which is a resource-based learning environment requiring web site maintenance in order to promote student initiative and to help students recognize when there is a need for information, to identify the information for that need, and to be able to locate, to evaluate

  12. Study on the Prevalence of M etabolism Syndrome in Elderly People w ith T ype 2 Diabetes M ellitus in Chi Feng City%赤峰红山区2型糖尿病中老年人群合并代谢综合征的患病率分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郝丹丹; 张垒; 马宏玉; 张凤宁; 瑞云

    2015-01-01

    目的:对赤峰市红山区2型糖尿病中老年人群合并代谢综合征的患病率进行分析。方法采取随机抽样方法选取赤峰红山区已确诊为2型糖尿病的2061例中老年患者,测量体重、身高、血压、计算体质量指数,同时静脉采血化验血脂、血糖,分析代谢综合征及其各组患病率与性别、年龄的关系。结果研究观察到,其中单纯2型糖尿病占4.8%,合并1项或1项以上的代谢异常占95.2%,合并高血压占55.4%,合并高甘油三酯血症占66.7%,合并低高密度脂蛋白胆固醇血症占50.7%,合并中心性肥胖占64.8%,合并代谢综合征占53.1%。结论各组2型糖尿病中老年患者代谢综合征患病率与年龄增长呈正相关,差异具有统计学意义。各组2型糖尿病中老年男性患者合并代谢综合征患病率低于女性。因此,对糖尿病患者只注重血糖控制是不可行的,还必须进行血压、血糖、血脂、体质量等的控制。年龄及性别是各组2型糖尿病伴发代谢综合征患病率的高危因素,应加强中老年人群2型糖尿病患者代谢综合征的防治,特别是女性。%Objective:To investigate the prevalence of metabolic syndrome in elderly people with type 2 dia-betes mellitus in Chi Feng city of Inner Mongolia .Method In order to investigate the relationship between metabolism syndrome and age and gender by the method of random sampling from 2061 patients who had been diagnosed with type 2 diabetes mellitus .Result Patients with isolated type 2 diabetes mellitus just accounted for 4 .8% among 2 0 6 1 patients;patients with one or more metabolic disorders accounted for 9 5 .2% among 2 0 6 1 pa-tients;patients with hypertension accounted for 5 5 .4% among 2 0 6 1 patients;patients with hypertriglyceridemia accounted for 6 6 .7% among 2 0 6 1 patients;patients with low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol accounted for 5 0 .7% among 2 0 6 1

  13. 脊柱定点旋转复位法治疗腰椎间盘突出症的临床和影像学疗效观察%Clinical and imaging study on the treatment of lumbar intervertebral disc herniation (LIDH) by fixed-point and cyclorotation of spinal manipulation (Feng's spinal manipulation)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯宇; 高燕; 冯天有

    2011-01-01

    目的:通过观察手法治疗前后患者临床指标与影像学测试指标改变之间的关系,深入研究脊柱定点旋转复位法取得满意疗效的关键及可能机制,进一步验证脊柱内外平衡失调学说及椎体位移理论.方法:选取2006年8月至2008年5月于空军总医院就诊并采用脊柱定点旋转复位法进行治疗的腰椎间盘突出症患者34例,其中男20例,女14例;年龄18~53岁,平均(40.39±9.87)岁.比较治疗前后的直腿抬高角度(ASLR)、视觉疼痛量表(VAS)、腰背痛评分(JOA)、MRI轴位像突出髓核矢状径指数(SI)、神经根鞘袖和硬膜囊的夹角(α)、神经根鞘袖直径,并进行数据分析.结果:治疗后ASLR、VAS及JOA评分值明显高于治疗前(P0.05);患者治疗后受压神经根袖直径明显增大(P0.05).结论:脊柱定点旋转复位法治疗腰椎间盘突出症可以取得满意的疗效.磁共振脊髓成像术(magnetic resonance myelography,MRM)为脊柱定点旋转复位法疗效提供了量化的影像学依据,提示脊柱定点旋转复位法取得疗效的关键可能在于解除神经根受压,而不是突出髓核与神经根形态、位置改变是否明显.%Objective :To observe the relationship between clinical index and image index before and after treatment with Feng's spinal manipulation (FSM)and study the key points and possible mechanism getting a satisfactory therapeutic effects,and further verify the theory of imbalance of spine and vertebral displacement. Methods:From August 2006 to May 2008,34 patients with LIDH were treated by FSM for 3 weeks in Air Force General Hospi tal of PLA. There were 20 males and 14 females with the mean age of (40.39±9.87) years (18 to 53 years). The clinical data of the patients were retrospectively analyzed,including angle of straight leg raising (ASLR),visual analogue score (VAS),Japanese orthopaedics lumbodorsal pain score (JOA) ,the sagittal diameter index (SI) of protruded nucleus pulposus of MRI axial

  14. 为学之道就是为人之道--琐记李定仁先生的人文情怀%T he Way to Learn Is the Way to Be a Person---Professor Li Ding-ren's Sense of Humanity

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郝志军

    2015-01-01

    李定仁先生投身西北教育教学事业50余年,见证了西部教育发展壮大,支撑他、维系他的就是对育人事业倾注的生命激情,体现出强烈的人文情怀:教学工作是一种融入教师生命激情的事业;以学生为本,把尊重和热爱学生作为教育的立足点;从事教学研究,不能忽视学术道德的建设。%Professor Li Ding‐ren has been engaged in the teaching career of Northwest China for more than 50 years ,and has witnessed the development of the western education . He has immersed himself in people education with his life passion , which reflects the strong sense of humanity . Teaching is a job w hich infuses teachers'life passion . Students are the center of education and the foothold of education is to respect and love students . Construction of academic ethics can not be ignored w hen teaching research is conducted .

  15. “津味儿”相声小段《马虎人》的价值--纪念马三立逝世十周年%The Value of Ma Hu Ren a Tianjin-styled Standup Comic Talk:In Memory of the Tenth Anniversary of the Death of Ma Sanli

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李博

    2013-01-01

    In the Spring Festival TV gala of Tianjin City 1990, Master Ma Sanli presented a standup comic talk named Ma Hu Ren , which was adapted from ancient jokes .Through a number of weird stories of Ma Hu the main character , it is sarcasm for forgetfulness , absent-mindedness , and stupidity in daily life .It brings back to our at-tention and brings into full play the time -proof vitality of ancient jokes , and sets an example for art of Chinese comic talk in entertaining and sarcastic terms .It is regarded as a gem of both Ma Sanli -styled and Tianjin-styled comic talks.%1990年的天津市春节联欢晚会上,相声泰斗马三立表演了单口相声《马虎人》。这是一段根据古代笑话改编而成的单口相声,通过描写主人公“马虎”的离奇遭遇,讽刺了生活中的“健忘”、“恍惚”、“愚昧”等不良现象。《马虎人》展示了古代笑话强大的生命力,体现了传统相声的娱乐、讽刺功能,是马氏相声或津门相声的缩影。

  16. 经济发达地区社区学院服务公民道德建设的模式--以昆山乐仁学院为例%On the Pattern of Community College Servicing Citizen Moral Construction in Developed Regions---Taking Le-ren College of Kunshan as an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张国翔; 姚巧林

    2015-01-01

    Under the new situation, there are many problems in citizen ideological and moral education, such as the lack of core values, low spiritual quality, outdated publicity and education method, backward system and mechanism construction.Kunshan Community Training Institute makes the use of kunshan community education network system to create Le-ren College in order to actively explore new ways and new model for citizen moral construction.%在新形势下,公民思想道德建设存在核心价值观缺失、精神品格不高、宣传教育方法陈旧、体制机制建设落后等诸多问题。昆山市社区培训学院利用昆山市社区教育网络体系,创建昆山乐仁学院,积极探索公民思想道德建设的新途径、新模式。

  17. LEARNING CHINESE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1995-01-01

    Vocabulary: 银行 yin hang bank 邮局 you jǔ (you as in "slow") post office 电报 dian bao telegram 邮票 you piao (you as in "know") stamp 信 xin letter 信封 xin feng envelope 航空 hang kong airmail 包裹 bao guo parcel 元 yuan a unit of currency in China 人民币 ren min bi RMB (the name of Chinese currency)

  18. 本刊编委会委员名单

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    《浙江大学学报》(农业与生命科学版)编委会 主 任 Chairman 程家安 CHENG Jia-an 顾 问 Advisors of the Editorial Board 陈子元 CHEN Zi-yuan 李德葆 LI De-bao 童芍素 TONG Shao-su 特邀编委 Honorarv Members of the Editorial Board(按姓氏笔画为序) 王道文 WANG Dao-wen 研究员 中国科学院遗传研究所 李毅 LI Yi 教授 北京大学生命学院 吴常信 WU Chang-xin 院士 北京农业大学 张爱民 ZHANG Ai-min 教授 中国农业大学 薛勇彪 XUE Yong-biao 研究员 中国科学院发育研究所 奥田诚一 Seiichi Okuda 教授 University of Utsunomiya DENNIS N. Marple 教授 Iowa State University of Science and Technology HEIKO C. Becker 教授 George August University Gottingen ZENG Zhao-bang 教授 NC State University 编 委 Members of the Editorial Board(按姓氏笔画为序) 王人潮WANG Ren-chao 冯明光FENG Ming-guang 邓君奇DENG Jun-qi 朱军ZHU Jun 刘祖生LIU ZU-sheng 刘树生LIU Shu-sheng 许梓荣XU Zi-rong 孙锦荷SUN Jin-he 朱睦元ZHU Mu yuan 吴常信WU Chang-xin 吴平WU Ping 何国庆HE Guo-qmg 何勇HE Yong 张国平ZHANG Guo-ping 周雪平ZHOU Xue ping 陈力耕CHEN Li geng 胡萃HU Cui 郑筱祥ZHENG Xiao-xiang 郑重ZHENG Zhong 凌备备LING Bei-bei 钱凯先QIAN Kai-xian 徐同XU Tong 唐桂礼TANG Gui-li 徐建民XU-Jian-min 黄昌勇HUANG Chang-yong 曹家树CAO Jia-shu 程家安CHENG Jia-an 曾广文ZENG Guang-wen 楼程富LOU Cheng fu 薛庆中XUE Qing-zhong 主 编 Eeditor-in-Chief 程家安 CHENG Jia-an 副主编 Associate Editors-in-Chief 朱军ZHU Jun(常务) 唐桂礼TANG Gui-li 执行总编 Chief Reviewing Editor 邓君奇 DENG Jun-qi

  19. NOTCH1 is a poor prognostic factor for breast cancer and is associated with breast cancer stem cells

    OpenAIRE

    Zhong Y; Shen S; Zhou Y.; Mao F; Lin Y; Guan J; Xu Y.; Zhang S.; Liu X; Sun Q.

    2016-01-01

    Ying Zhong,1 Songjie Shen,1 Yidong Zhou,1 Feng Mao,1 Yan Lin,1 Jinghong Guan,1 Yali Xu,1 Shu Zhang,2 Xu Liu,3 Qiang Sun1 1Department of Breast Disease, 2Department of Dermatology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, 3Centralab Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing, People’s Republic of China Abstract: Recently, the human gene NOTCH1 has been found to be implicated in cancer cell metastasis and the maintenance of cancer stem cells. How...

  20. Implementierung eines interdisziplinären Unterrichtscurriculums "Kommunikative Kompetenz lehren und prüfen" im vierten Studienjahr Humanmedizin (CoMeD [Implementation of the interdisciplinary curriculum Teaching and Assessing Communicative Competence in the fourth academic year of medical studies (CoMeD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mortsiefer, Achim

    2012-02-01

    Medical Education Düsseldorf wurde ein interdisziplinäres Unterrichtsprogramm zur Lehre und Prüfung kommunikativer Kompetenzen im 4. Studienjahr etabliert. Dieser Beitrag berichtet über die Projektentwicklung sowie die Ergebnisse der studentischen Evaluation.Methoden: In einem mehrstufigen Prozess wurden Lernziele und Unterrichtsformate entwickelt, begleitet von Dozentenschulungen und dem Aufbau eines Schauspielpatienten (SP-Programms. In Zusammenarbeit mit den klinischen Fächern wurde an der Integrierung des Kommunikationstrainings in den interdisziplinären Modulunterricht gearbeitet. Es erfolgte eine studentische Evaluation. Ergebnisse: Bisher wurden sechs Traingseinheiten mit SP mit zugehörigen Vorbereitungsseminaren / e-learning - Einheiten zu schwierigen Kommunikationsthemen wie „Umgang mit Aggressionen“ oder „Überbringen einer schlechten Nachricht“ etabliert. Eine OSCE-Prüfung (objective structured clinical examination mit 4 Stationen wurde eingeführt. Die studentische Evaluation auf einer fünfstufigen Likert-Skala ergab für sämtliche Kurse in mehr als 80% der Antworten die zeithöchste oder höchste Bewertung. Diskussion: Die Einführung eines interdisziplinären Kommunikationstrainings sowie einer OSCE-Prüfung zu schwierigen Arzt-Patienten-Interaktionen im 4. Studienjahr ist machbar. Die Einbettung des Unterrichts in den klinischen Kontext und die Einbeziehung klinisch tätiger Dozenten stellen wichtige Faktoren dar, um die praktische Relevanz sicherzustellen und eine hohe studentische Akzeptanz zu erzielen.